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The Bulletin: 1983-198 

Lebanon Valley College in Brief 

Lebanon Valley College is a co-ed, 
church related, liberal arts college, 
founded in 1866, located in the town of 
Annville, PA, near Hershey. 

Enrollment is 950 students with an 
equal distribution between men and 

The student faculty ratio is 11:1 

Degrees offered include Bachelor of Arts, 
Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Science 
in Chemistry and Bachelor of Science in 
Medical Technology. 

Minors offered include accounting, ac- 
tuarial science, biochemistry, biology, 
business administration, chemistry, 
computer science, economics, elemen- 
tary education, English, foreign lan- 
guages, French, German, history, indi- 
vidualized major, international business, 
mathematics, medical technology, mu- 
sic, music education, nuclear medicine 
technology, nursing, operations re- 
search, philosophy, physics, political 
science, psychology, religion, sacred 
music, social sciences, social service, 
sociology, Spanish. 

Pre-professional specializations in- 
clude dentistry, engineering, forestry, law, 
medicine, ministry, optometry, osteop- 
athy, pharmacy, podiatry and veterinary 
Facilities include an 80-acre campus 

with 33 buildings — the administration 
building, chapel, college center, 9 dor- 
mitories of varying size, guest house and 
faculty lounge, gymnasium, library, 
music center, the President's home, and 
numerous smaller buildings housing ad- 
ministrative and faculty offices. The 
newly-completed $4.8 million Garber 
Science Center was dedicated and occu- 
pied early in 1983. 

Atliletic competition, both intramural 
and intercollegiate, is enjoyed by a large 
percentage of Lebanon Valley College 
students. Intercollegiate sports include 
baseball, basketball, cross-country, foot- 
ball, golf, lacrosse, soccer, tennis, track 
and wrestling for men; basketball, field 
hockey and lacrosse for women. 
Campus organizations cater to the 
interests of all students. Categories of 
student organizations include: depart- 
mental clubs; music groups; dramatic 
troupes; publications; recognition groups; 
religious organizations, service and so- 
cial fraternities and sororities; special 
interest groups and student govern- 

Communications: THE QUAD (Stu- 
dent newspaper); THE QUITTIE 
(Yearbook); WLVC (Radio station). 
Departmental Clubs: Chemistry 
(American Chemical Society Affili- 
ate); Education (Childhood Education 

Club); Mathematics (Industrial Math- 
ematics Society Affiliate); Modern 
Languages (Spanish Club); Music 
(Music Educators National Confer- 
ence — Student Chapter). 
Dramatics: Alpha Psi Omega; Wig and 

Music Groups: Chapel Choir, College 
Chorus; Concert Choir; Guild Student 
Group; Symphonic Band; Symphony 
Orchestra; Wind Ensemble. 

Recognition groups: Phi Alpha Epsi- 
lon; Beta Beta Beta; Pi Gamma Mu; 
Psi Chi. 

Religious organizations: Delta Tiu 
Chi, Fellowship of Christian Athletes; 

Service groups: Alpha Phi Omega 
(national); Gamma Sigma Sigma (na- 

Social groups: Delta Lambda Sigma; 
Kappa Lambda Nu; Kappa Lambda 
Sigma; Knights of the Valley; Phi 
Lambda Sigma. 

Special interest groups: Art Club; 
Chess Club; Ice Hockey Club; Inter- 
national Relations Club; Jazz Band; 
Photography Club; Ski Club. 

Student government: Student Coun- 
cil; Student Judicial Board; Judicial 
Appeals Board. 

In order to provide quality education to its students, Lebanon Valley College relies on voluntary gifts — small as well as large — 
either unrestricted or restricted to specific purposes. Please contact the Development Office for personalized assistance and 
guidance in making a gift to the college. 

Lebanon Valley College reserves the right to change any provisions or requirements at any time within the student's term of 

Lebanon Valley College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic origin, sex, age, religion or 

The Lebanon Valley College catalog is for information only and does not constitute a contract between the student and the 
college. The college reserves the right to change the provisions of this catalog, including course offerings, fees, and listings in 
the calendar, administration, and faculty sections. 

The Bulletin is published quarterly, USPS Number 308 480. Second Class postage paid at Annville, PA 17003. Publications 

Office, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 17003. 

Volume 17, Number 3 Fill 1983 



History of the College 

In 1866 the East Pennsylvania Conference of the Church of the United 
Brethren in Christ sought to establish an institution of higher learning 
within its boundaries. Site selection had been narrowed to two towns 
— Annville and Lebanon. The town making the best financial offer would 
become the future site of the college. Thus, five visionary citizens of Ann- 
ville purchased the red brick, Annville Academy on Main Street for the sum 
of $4,500 and presented it to the church conference "on the condition that 
they would establish and maintain forever an institution of learning of high 
grade." That institution became Lebanon Valley College and remains, today, 
more than 114 years later, true to its founding fathers' dream, "an institution 
of learning of high grade." 

Over the years, Lebanon Valley College has progressed fi^om a simple 
one building complex on a few acres of land to an 80-acre campus with 33 
buildings ranging in age firom 1900 to 1975, and assets totaling more than 
$20 million. College landmarks bear the names of presidents, benefactors, 
and influential faculty and staff— Bender, Bollinger, Blair, Faust, Pencil, 
Funkhouser, Garber, Green, Gossard, Hammond, Kreider, Keister, Lynch, 
Miller, Mund and Vickroy — men and women who believed in the dream of 
1866, and who committed themselves to its fulfillment. 

Since 1965, the majority of campus additions have taken place as part 
of a long-range campus improvement plan. They include: Hammond and 
Keister Halls (dormitories for men) in 1965; Miller Chapel in 1966; Punk- 
houser Hall (dormitory for men) in 1969; the Allan W. Mund College 
Center in 1971; Silver Hall (dormitory for women) in 1972; Blair Music 
Center in 1974 and Bollinger Plaza (a new campus entrance on Main 
Street) in 1976. 

Most recently Lebanon Valley College dedicated the $4.8 million Garber 
Science Center (shown in insert at right) as part of a $10 million fund 
raising campaign. As history repeats itself, Lebanon Valley College will 
realize other goals, while remaining "an institution of learning of high 
grade," committed to perpetuating the dream of 1866. 

Lebanon Valley College —An early view 



Where Is Lebanon Valley College? 

Located only minutes away from Hershey and Lebanon and within an hour's drive of Reading, 
Lancaster and Harrisburg, Lebanon Valley College is ideally situated to appeal to a variety of 
tastes. The college dominates the center of Annville — which boasts its own historic district — 
and enjoys the serenity and friendliness of a small rural community while at the same time 
deriving the social and cultural benefits of the nearby urban centers. 
Churches, banks, doctors and various essential commercial establishments are all close at 
hand; and hospitals and more specialized business enterprises are easily and quickly acces- 
sible. Excellent restaurants, motels and entertainment facilities are also available in this 
popular resort area at the edge of the Blue Mountains of Pennsylvania: Lancaster, center of 
the quaint Pennsylvania Dutch culture; Hershey, home of the Hershey Bears, Chocolate 
World and the famous theme park; and the noted art and music center at Mt. Gretna are 
just a few of the local attractions. And we are only two hours away from the historic City of 
Philadelphia, well known for its museums, art galleries, theaters and department stores, as 
, well as the famed Phillies and Philadelphia Symphony. 




The town of Annville 
(population 6,000). 
the home of Leb- 
anon Valley Col- 
lege, is located at 
the intersection of 
Route 934 (N-S) and 
Route 422 (E-W). The 
college is also surrounded 
by several major access routes including the 
Pennsylvania Tiarnpike (76) and Interstate 81 
with nearby connections to Interstates 80 and 83. 

>Vhat Is Lebanon Valley College? 

Over the years, Lebanon Valley College has gained a fine reputation as a co-educa- 
tional, church related, liberal arts institution. 

Since our founding in 1866, Lebanon Valley College has been church related, and is 
today affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Throughout our 115 years of existence, 
we have constantly examined our reasons for being in the business of education. Today, as 
much as ever, we at Lebanon Valley College have chosen to maintain an educational 
institution which is academically strong, guided by the Christian faith and small enough 
to give personal attention to all students. 

Consequently, there are only 950 full-time students on our campus, and when you 
stack that up against our 75 full-time and 30 part-time teaching faculty, that does mean 
personal attention. In many cases it means contact on a first name basis. But personal 
attention isn't the only thing we're interested in at Lebanon Valley College. 

We are dedicated to providing you with a quality liberal arts education tempered with 
enough practical experience to help you enter the job market at graduation time. If you 
come to Lebanon Valley College you'll find that there's plenty of hard work involved in 
pursuing a college career, but that we try to offer a variety of social, cultural and personal 
experiences to make your four-year college experience a well-rounded one. 

Who Is Lebanon Valley College? 

At Lebanon Valley College you will meet a number of interesting and thought provok- 
ing people, whether they are students, members of the administrative staff or faculty 

Our 950 students represent 15 states and 5 foreign countries. There is an equal 
distribution between men and women. Approximately 66% of our students come from 
Ffennsylvania and 19'^o from New Jersey. Approximately 820 of the students live on campus 
while 130 are commuters. 

Our professional administrative staff keeps the college's business affairs running smoothly 
while offering such student services as career planning and placement, publicity and health 

Our professors represent a unique cross section of individuals. Of the associate and 
full professors 85*^ hold an earned doctorate degree. Our faculty members come from 
such schools as the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University, the Juilliard School 
of Music, Yale University and Boston University, to name just a few. Our faculty also 
represent more than 50 undergraduate institutions, while representing nearly 60 post- 
graduate institutions. This broad base of faculty education helps to insure that the 
6 What Is L.V.C? college expresses a wide range of thoughts and ideas in all academic disciplines. 





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8 What Is LV.C? 

In addition to having some of the nation s finest schools as background, our faculty 
are intensely interested in one thing — teaching. Because of our extremely low student 
to faculty ratio (11 to 1), we are able to claim an average class size of 18 students. 
While some lower level freshman and introductory courses are of the larger lecture 
type, numerous upper level courses are of the informal seminar type, often with class 
size of 10 or fewer. And we find that this allows for maximum teaching effectiveness. 

Since on the average a 
professor spends only 11 
hours a week in the class- 
room, he has sufficient time 
to spend in class prepara- 
tion, research and providing 
out-of-classroom help for 
those students who need 
help and seek it. 

Many of our professors 
work on field-related proj- 
ects in their spare time and 
add yet another dimension 
to their classroom teach- 
ing—first hand experience. 
One of our sociology pro- 
fessors is the coordinator of 
a Women's Crisis Interven- 
tion Center in a local com- 
munity A professor in the 
English department has 
written two books, both 
published in the prestigious 
Twayne United States 
Author Series. A husband 
and wife team in biology 
bring additional outside re- 
search findings to their 
classes. She has discovered 
two previously unknown 
plants in the Michoacan 
mountain province in Southern Mexico. He continues original research in the field of 
carnivorous plants. And the list of faculty accomplishments goes on and on. 

Our students represent a diverse cross section of individuals. Our administrative staff 
members are dedicated to improving the operation of the college. And our faculty are 
primarily interested in teaching. At Lebanon Valley College, students, staff and faculty 
work together to create an atmosphere that fosters enlivened curiosity, self-discipline, and 
excitement about ideas. All are characteristic, we feel, of an educated individual. 

Campus Life 

When you come to Lebanon Valley College the first thing that you may notice is that 
it is a very friendly place. Not only will many of your professors know you on a first name 
basis, you will also develop many first name relationships with other students. 

There is no imposed segregation between upper and underclassmen at the college. As 
a freshman you may live on the same floor as upperclassmen and you may notice a 
number of upperclassmen in some of the courses that you select. 

When you're not in class or studying, your free time is your own. Many students elect 
to become involved in numerous campus organizations, choosing a variety of extra- 
curricular experiences. Other stu- 
dents are more selective and choose 
to devote considerable time to one 
or two campus organizations. And 
the campus organizations that you 
can choose from are very diverse. 

For students in the academic de- 
partments of biology chemistry, el- 
ementary education and mathe- 
matics there are departmental 
clubs. There are several special in- 
terest groups including a chess 
club, an international relations 
club, a photography club, and a ski 
club. There is a service fraternity 
and sorority on campus as well as 
five social fraternities and sorori- 

Another area of intense student 
interest is in dramatics and musi- 
cal productions. Each year the Wig 
and Buckle Society presents two 
performances— a dramatic perfor- 
mance and musical production. Al- 
pha Psi Omega, the dramatics fra- 
ternity has presented a series of 
one-act-plays for Parents Weekend 
for the past several years. Sinfonia and SAI, the men's and women's music fi-aternities, also 
present a musical each year. All of the Lebanon Valley College productions take place in 
the College Center Little Theater entirely under student supervision. If you have a flair for 
acting, producing or like to work behind the scene of a stage production, there is plenty of 
opportunity to do so. Recent productions have included 77?^ Glass Meriagerie, Applause, 
Little Mary Sunshine, The Comedy of Errors and Carnival. 

Campus Life 9 

10 Campus Life 

If you're into music, there are nine musical organizations on campus, and you don't need 
to be a music major to be a member. These organizations include the unique All Girl 
Band, the Concert Choir and Chamber Orchestra that goes on tour each Spring, and the 
LVC Jazz Band. Other more traditional music groups include the Marching Band, the 
College Chorus and the Symphony Orchestra. 

Another important part of your student life at Lebanon Valley College could include 
religious activities. The college employs a full-time chaplain who coordinates several 

interfaith activities and who is available for 
counseling. Each week a chapel convoca- 
tion program presents outstanding lectur- 
ers, t)oth sacred and secular, who speak on 
a variety of thought provoking subjects. 
Guest artists and performers are also part 
of the chapel program series. Each year 
opening semester convocations have pre- 
sented such well-known speakers as Na- 
tional Review publisher William Rusher, 
political activist, Julian Bond, former CIA 
director, William Colby and China expert, 
Ross Terrill. A Religious Emphasis Day, 
held each spring, presents such speakers as 
Dr. Martin Luther King, Sr., Ruth Carter 
Stapleton, Colonel James Irwin, and Dr. 
Ralph Abernathy. 

In addition to participating in on-cam- 
pus religious activities, students are wel- 
comed by community congregations. Our 
students represent more than 30 different 
religious denominations. Some students 
serve in such capacities as organists, choir 
directorsr guest musicians, Sunday School 
teachers and supply ministers in local 

Athletics could also be an important 
part of your life on the Lebanon Valley 
campus. We offer a wide range of programs 
in intramural and intercollegiate athletics. 
Lebanon Valley College is a member of Division III of the Middle Atlantic Conference in 
athletic competition. For men the college offers intercollegiate baseball, basketball, cross- 
country, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, tennis, track and wrestling. For women the college 
offers intercollegiate basketball, field hockey and lacrosse. Additional sports offered in 
intramural athletics include weightlifting, volleyball, paddleball, squash, ping pong, soft- 
ball, swimming and billiards for men, and tennis, volleyball, paddleball, ping pong and 
Softball for women. 

Other student activities at Lebanon Valley College revolve around the College Center 
complex. The facility includes offices for the campus radio station (WLVC), the yearbook, 
and the Spring Arts Festival. The center also includes the snack shop, a game room, the 
college bookstore, a music listening lounge, the dining halls, the little theater and a 
television lounge. 

The College Center has a spacious entrance lobby used for monthly art exhibits featur- 
ing the works of artists from central Ffennsylvania. You may also appreciate the annual 
Spring Arts Festival held on the campus the last weekend of April. This event, conceived 
by a student more than ten years ago, has blossomed into one of the largest arts festivals 
of its kind in the area. Thousands visit the campus to enjoy outdoor art exhibits with arts 
and crafts for sale, a juried arts and crafts exhibition, numerous performing groups, as well 
as theme exhibits and performances during the four-day affair. The festival is directed by 

12 Campus Life 

students and a committee of 
community volunteers. 

In student government, Leba- 
non Valley College has three or- 
ganizations, all with student rep- 
resentation. The Student Council 
serves as a clearing house for rec- 
ommendations coming from stu- 
dents, in addition to coordinating 
and financing student activities 
such as concerts, symposiums and 
movie series. The Student Judi- 
cial Board is responsible for in- 
vestigating alleged infractions of 
the student conduct code, for 
hearing cases, and for recom- 
mending appropriate discipline in 
the cases of conduct code viola- 
tions. The Judicial Appeals 
Board, in turn, hears appeals from 
students on decisions handed 
down by the Judicial Board or the 
Dean of Students. 

You may have some questions 
about dormitory life. All of our dormitories have been built since 1957. There are three 
large dormitories for men and three for women. There are also several small housing units 
available. The majority of our rooms are double which means that you will probably have 
a roommate. If you are a freshman you may specify a roommate from your hometown or 
other acquaintance. If you don't have a specific roommate in mind we'll try to match you 
with someone of your own lifestyle. Each year, upperclassmen are allowed to sign up for 
next year's room and roommate. Freshmen are not segregated from upperclassmen in 
housing arrangements. 

Each of the new dormitories has one or more study lounges, a television lounge, student 
mailboxes, food and drink concessions, and laundry facilities. None of the dorms are 
coeducational but there is an intervisitation policy for all students. 

Recognizing the laws of Pennsylvania and our founding's background, the college pro- 
hibits the possession and use of both alcohol and illegal drugs on the campus. 

The primary concern of the college regarding social life is to provide an atmosphere 
which stimulates scholarship and personal growth. We realize that recreation is an impor- 
tant part of college life, but after all, the primary reason that most people come to college 
is to receive an education. We attempt to provide you with the privacy and peace necessary 
for study and to encourage you to take responsibility for your behavior so that your fellow 
student's right to privacy, peace and property are not abused. 

Campus Life 13 

Academic Life 

Since you are interested in a liberal arts college you probably already realize that you 
will need to take a number of courses of a general nature in addition to those courses 
that relate specifically to your major. These general requirements take up about one third 
of your coursework during your four years at LVC and are selected, by you, from a number 
of specified courses. These general requirements fall under the following headings: 
Writing Skills; Religion or Philosophy; Natural Science; Individual and Group Behavior; 
Language; Arts and Letters; and Physical Education. 

In addition to fulfilling the general requirements, you will also need to complete the 
required number of hours and courses for your major. These requirements vary from 
department to department, but you will supplement your major with courses of your own 
choice and consistent with your own interests. 

The flexibility of the Lebanon Valley College curriculum is especially helpful if you 
enroll without a particular vocational or educational goal in mind. During the freshman 
and sophomore years you can choose from courses offered by any department of the 
college while fulfilling general requirements. The two-year period is usually sufficient 
for a student to choose a major. 

If one of our 31 majors doesn't suit your needs, you may design your own major 
with the help of two advisers. Some students major in two fields. 

You'll also find that you will be eligible for one of four degrees offered by Lebanon 
Valley College. They include the Bachelor of Arts degree, the Bachelor of Science 
degree, the Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology degree, and the Bachelor of 
Science in Chemistry degree (American Chemical Society certified). Your major, with 
the exception of the individualized major, will determine the type of degree that you 
receive at graduation. The individualized major's degree is determined by the specific 
areas of concentration. 

At Lebanon Valley College you may take advantage of a number of special programs: 

Beginning in the sophomore year you may elect to take up to two courses per semester 
on a pass/fail basis, with a total of six courses permitted pass/fail in the last three years. 

The college honors program provides an opportunity for superior students to develop 
and challenge their intellectual abilities. For students interested in doing special study 
on their own, each major department offers the independent study program. 

In addition to attending traditional courses on the college campus, you may also 
participate, for credit, in off-campus educational opportunities, usually during the junior 
and senior years. These opportunities include the Germantown Metropolitan semester, 
the Junior Year Abroad, the Marine Biology summer study program and the Washington 
semester program. You may also participate in internship programs which provide major- 
related work experience with various community businesses and service organizations. 
14 Academic Life For graduation you will need to have completed a minimum of 120 total hours of 

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credit (including general requirements, requirements for the major and elective courses) 
plus two courses in physical education. 

If you are transferring to Lebanon Valley College you will need to complete a minimum 
of 30 hours of work on the Lebanon Valley campus in order to qualify for graduation. 
Each transfer student's credits are considered on an individual basis. 

Students holding an associate degree from a regionally accredited two-year college 
will be admitted with full acceptance of course work, providing the work is compatible 
with the liberal arts curriculum at Lebanon Valley College. 

Although there are a number of requirements for all students, the thing to remember 
is that they are of a general nature. When it comes to making a choice of courses within 
a particular area, the decision is yours. The requirements within your major are also 
designed to give you a basic background of information within a specific field, augmented 
by elective courses of interest to you and consistent with your future vocational goals. 

^e Offer You Help 

Regarding the many decisions that you will make, don't think that once you get to 
college we'll abandon you. Lebanon Valley College's dual advising system is designed to 
give a new student a good start in college life. You will be assigned an academic adviser 
who will help you select a course of study suited to your specific needs. A second adviser, 
assigned to you during your first year at the college, will try to help you with any 
adjustment problem that you might encounter— or he or she may just turn out to be a 
friend that you like to visit when you have a few minutes. 

Even after you have started classes, our concern for you doesn't stop. If you need help 
you can get it. Our faculty, who are primarily teaching oriented, spend considerable time 
with students. This is one of the advantages of our low student to faculty ratio. During 
class, professors spend sufficient time in answering questions as well as presenting new 
material. After class you don't have to contend with graduate students for a professor's 
time, nor do you have to seek a teaching assistant for help. Our professors' schedules are 
flexible enough that if you need extra help you can get it. 

Some departments offer tutorial help, and the college recently implemented a reading 
and study skills program. Students may enlist the services of a Student Writing Center 
which offers individualized instruction in writing to any Lebanon Valley College student. 
This informal, unpressured and personal learning environment allows tutor and student 
to work together to improve a student's writing skills. 

Throughout your four years at Lebanon Valley College you will be asked to make a 
number of decisions regarding your education. For many students the decisions will be 
clear and simple. For others, decisions are best made with an adviser's guidance. We are 
mainly concerned, however, that you are an active participant in choosing and creating a 
program of study that suits your individual needs. 

It is possible at Lebanon Valley College. We Offer You Help 17 

■■■ Tvi?--V.:-.: ■■•■■■ ' ^ 


Lebanon Valley College in Brief .... front Cover) 

History of the College 2 

Correspondence Directory 21 

Academic Calendar 1983-1984 22 

Academic Calendar 1984-1985 23 

General Information 24 

Admissions 31 

Costs and Financial Aid 34 

Academic Programs and Procedures 43 

Courses of Stuc^y 55 

Directoiy of Faculty 105 

Directoiy of Administration 108 

Directoiy of the Board 109 

Index 112 

Application Form (Pullout) 

Canqms Map (Inside 

Back Cover) 

Contents 19 

Correspondence Directory 


Matters of General College Interest President 

Academic Program Vice President and Dean of the Faculty 

Admissions Dean of Admissions 

Alumni Interests Director of Alumni Services 

Business Matters, Expenses Vice President and Controller 

Campus Conferences Coordinator of Conferences 

Development and Bequests Director of Development 

Evening School and Summer Session Director of Continuing Education 

Financial Aid to Students Financial Aid Officer 

Teacher Placement Director of Teacher Placement 

Business and Industrial Placement Director of Placement 

Publications Director of Publications 

Publicity Director of Information Services 

Religious Activities Chaplain 

Scheduling of Events Director of Food Services and Conferences 

Student Interests Dean of Students 

Teacher Certification Registrar 

TVanscripts, Academic Reports Registrar 

Weekend College. Director of Continuing Education 


Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 17003 

Area Code 717 Local Number 867-4411 


College office hours are from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 noon and 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. 
Monday through Friday. Members of the staff are available at other times if appointments 
are made in advance. 

Corresp. Dir. 21 

Academic Calendar 1983-84 








27 Saturday, 12:00 noon Residence halls open for new students 

27-29 Saturday through Monday Orientation for new students 

28 Sunday. 12:00 noon Residence halls open for other students 

29 Monday. 8:30 a.m Registration by new students 

29 Monday. 1:00 p.m Registration by upperclassmen 

29 Monday. 7:00 p.m Classes begin 

30 Tuesday. 11:00 a.m Opening College Convocation 

24 Saturday Homecoming Day 

17 Monday Mid-Semester grades due 

22 Saturday Board of TVustees meeting 

8-17 Tliesday through Thursday Pre-Registration for second semester 

18 Friday, 5:00 p.m Thanksgiving vacation begins 

28 Monday. 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

9 Friday, 5:00 p.m First semester classes end 

10-12 Saturday through Monday Reading period 

12-17 Monday. 7:00 p.m.. through Saturday 1:00 

p.m First semester examinations 

17 Saturday. 1:00 p.m First semester ends 












22 83-84 Calendar 




Mav 1 



Sunday. 12:00 noon Residence halls open 

Sunday, 3:00 p.m Winter Commencement 

Monday, 8:00 a.m Registration 

Monday. 7:00 p.m Classes begin 

Saturday Board of TVustees meeting 

Tuesday, 1 1 :00 a.m Founders' Day 

Wednesday through Friday ' Concert Choir tour 

Friday. 5:00 p.m Spring vacation begins 

Wednesday. 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

Sunday, 8:00 p.m Concert Choir Campus Concert 

Tuesday Phi Epsilon Day 

Sunday. 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival. Wind Ensemble 

Tuesday through TUesdav Pre-Registration bv current students for last semester, 

1984-1985, and 1984 summer school 

Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Symphonic Band 

Saturday Orientation I for new degree students 

Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, College Chorus and Symphony 


Thursday, 5:00 p.m Easter vacation begins 

Monday. 7:00 p.m Classes resume 

Friday through Sunday Fourteenth Annual Spring Arts Festival 

Tuesday. 1 1:00 a.m Awards and Recognition Convocation 

Thursday, 9:30 p.m Second semester classes end (Friday day classes meet; 

Thursday evening classes meet) 

FViday through Sunday Reading period 

Monday through Friday. 1:00 p.m Second semester examinations 

FViday. 1:00 p.m Second semester ends 

Friday Board of TVustees meeting 

Saturday Orientation II for new degree students 

Sunday, 9:00 a.m Baccalaureate Service 

Sunday, 11:00 a.m 115th Annual Commencement 

Academic Calendar 1984-S5 

Aug. 25 Saturday. 12:00 noon Residence halls open for new students 'f Oft/A 

25-27 Saturday through Monday Orientation for new students M^O^ 

26 Sunday, 12:00 noon ' Residence halls open for other students -_<«• ^ 

27 Monday. 8:30 a.m Registration by new students J* IfSt 

27 Monday, 1:00 p.m Registration by upperclassmen 

27 Monday. 7:00 p.m Classes begin l^t^fTIP^^f^'f 

28 "Riesday, 11:00 a.m Opening College Convocation i:?V.Jl.lWJ»t.V.l 

Oct. 13 Saturday Homecoming Day 

15 Monday Mid-Semester grades due 

20 Saturday Board of TVustees meeting 

Nov. 6-15 Tliesday through Thursday Pre-Registration for second semester 

16 FViday, 5:00 p.m Thanksgiving vacation begins 

26 Monday. 8:00 p.m Classes resume 

Dec. 7 Friday, 5:00 p.m First semester classes end 

8-10 Saturday through Monday Reading period 

10-15 Monday, 7:00 p,m., through Saturday, 1:00 

p.m First semester examinations 

15 Saturday. 1:00 p.m First semester ends 

Jan. 20 Sunday, 12:00 noon Residence halls open 

20 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Winter Commencement 't Q^ ^ 

21 Monday, 8:30 a.m Registration » XVJCF 

21 Monday, 7:00 p.m Classes begin C<ir»rf^*l#^ 

Feb. 16 Saturday Board of Trustees meeting 3CC0111I 

19 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Founders' Day ^ ^ 

Mar. 6-15 Wednesday through Friday Concert Choir tour ^CHlCSlCl* 

8 Friday. 5:00 p.m Spring vacation begins 

13 Wednesday, 8:00 a.m Classes resume 

17 Sunday. 8:00 p.m Concert Choir Campus Concert 

19 Tliesday Phi Epsilon Day 

24 Sunday. 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Wind Ensemble 

Apr. 4 Thursday. 5:00 p.m Easter vacation begins 

8 Monday. 7:00 p.m Classes resume 

9-16 Tliesday through TUesday Pre-Registration by current students for 1st semester, 

1985-1986, and 1985 summer school 

14 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, Symphonic Band 

20 Saturday Orientation I for new degree students 

21 Sunday, 3:00 p.m Spring Music Festival, College Chorus and Symphony 


26-28 Friday through Sunday Fifteenth Annual Spring Arts Festival 

30 Tuesday, 11:00 a.m Awards and Recognition Convocation 

May 2 Thursday, 9:30 p.m Second semester classes end (Friday day classes meet; 

Thursday evening classes meet) 

3-5 Friday through Sunday Reading period 

6-10 Monday through Friday. 1:00 p.m Second semester examinations 

10 Friday, 1:00 p.m Second semester ends 

10 Friday Board of TVustees meeting 

11 Saturday Orientation II for new degree students 

12 Sunday, 9:00 a.m Baccalaureate Service 

12 Sunday. 11:00 a.m 116th Annual Commencement 84-85 Calendar 23 




J 3 


■— ^i(«k.. 





General Information 

Lebanon Valley College affirms its Christian origins by maintaining affiliation with 
the United Methodist Church and by recognizing the Christian faith as the perspective for 
its policies. Both the Christian spirit, which encourages the unhampered search for tixith, 
and the academic program, which gives form to the search for truth, combine to generate 
free and responsible inquiry by students and faculty. 

In accordance with the purposes of its founders, Lebanon Valley College seeks to 
provide an atmosphere in which the student can respond creatively to the contemporary 
world. Each person is encouraged { 1 ) to develop a genuine concern for cooperative living 
and community service; (2) to attain a heightened sense of moral and spiritual values 
through a deepened awareness of how people have thought of themselves in relation to 
nature, to society, and to God; (3) to appreciate the close and unmistakable relationship 
among rational thought, creative imagination, and moral commitment; and (4) to deal 
candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, and the future and their inter 

The programs of the College are designed to provide a demanding as well as a 
rewarding encounter with the means necessary to achieve the discovery' of self and society: 
consideration of humanity's most significant ideas and accomplishments; development of 
logical thought and clear communication; practice in precise analysis and effective perfor- 
mance. The academic, social, religious, and aesthetic experiences blend to create the 
atmosphere of the College in a way that fosters enlivened curiosity, discipline of self, and 
excitement about ideas that are the hallmark of the educated individual. 

Lebanon Valley College, with approximately one thousand students and a low student- 
faculty ratio, in giving life to the concept of liberal arts as expressed in the preceding 
paragraphs has chosen to maintain an educational institution which is academically 
strong, guided by the Christian faith, and small enough to give personal attention to all 

Adopted February 1. 1975 
Lebanon Valley College Board of TVustees 

Statement of 

state, of Purpose 25 


Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle 
States Association of Colleges and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the t'ollow- 
ing bodies: Department of Education of Pennsylvania; Na- 
tional Association of Schools of Music: American Chemical 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list 0/ the Re- 
gents of the State University of New York and the American 
Association of University Women. 
Lebanon Valley College is a member ot the following bod- 

ies: College Entrance Examination Board: Central Pennsyl- 
vania Field Hockey Association: College Scholarship Ser- 
vice: Eastern College Athletic Conference: Middle Atlantic 
States Collegiate Athletic Conference: National Association 
of Independent Colleges and Universities: National Colle- 
giate Athletic Association: Penn-Mar Athletic Conference; 
Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities: 
Pennsylvania Foundation for Independent Colleges. 




Lebanon Valley College is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Control of the 
college is vested in a Board of TVustees composed of 49 elected members, 24 of whom represent 
church conferences; 5 of whom represent the alumni of the institution; 5 of whom represent the 
faculty; and 15 of whom, including three students, are elected at large. 




Lebanon Valley College maintains a full program of intramural and intercollegiate athletic 
activities. Intramural leagues and tournaments are conducted in the various sports for men and 

The college participates in ten intercollegiate spoils for men (baseball, basketball, cross- 
country, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, track, wrestling and tennis) and three for women 
(basketball, hockey and lacrosse). 

Lebanon Valley College supports its intercollegiate athletics program because it offers its 
students an opportunity to participate in activities that afford an outlet for competitive spirit and 
vitality, while further providing each student with an opportunity to develop, understand and 
appreciate the values of teamwork, pride, morale, dedication, physical fitness and school spirit. 


26 Accreditation 

Lebanon Valley College was founded as a Christian college and continues to be dedicated to 
its faith. All students are invited and urged to participate in some phase of religious activity. 

Offered on campus is a Chapel-Convocation program which provides a regular opportunity 
for all people on campus to share a common experience. This common hour focuses on values, 
new knowledge, different beliefs, cultural enrichment, current questions and religious faith. 

Throughout the year several organizations (PROJECT, Delta T^u Chi and Fellowship of 
Christian Athletes) contribute to the overall religious atmosphere at the college by sponsoring 
retreats, lectures, seasonal communion services and daily devotions. 

Each year the college also sponsors several religious lectureships including the Balmer 
Showers Lectureship, Religion and Life lectures and Religious Emphasis Week. 

Students are also encouraged to participate in local congregations of their own faith. 

N V 

~^i«»- ■-.■■■ ^S) 


Lebanon Valley College offers cultural programs in the form of the Great Artists Series, 
concerts by students, faculty members, and musical organizations in the Department of Music, 
lectures sponsored by the various departments of the college and the Spring Arts Festival. In 
addition, the neighboring communities of Harrisburg, Hershey and Lebanon offer concerts, 
lectures, and other cultural activities throughout the year. 

Social Life 

28 Cult. Opport. 

The primary concern of the college in regard to the social life of its students is to provide 
an atmosphere which stimulates scholarship and personal growth. It attempts to provide the 
privacy and peace necessary tor study, and to encourage the individual to take as much respon- 
sibility as possible for his/her own behavior, so that the rights of others to privacy, peace and 
property are not infringed. 

As guidelines for the behavior deemed conducive to scholarship and developing sensitivity 
to the restraints of communib,' living, the college recognizes the position taken by the United 
Methodist Church, to which it is affiliated, and by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The 
Discipline of that church firmly opposes the misuse of drugs and affirms its long-standing 
recommendation of abstention from alcoholic beverages because of the spiritual, physical, and 
social harm such practices may produce. The college endorses this position and strongly 
discourages the use of drugs and alcoholic beverages by its students. The laws of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania prohibit the possession and use of all illegal dixigs and the possession 
and use of alcoholic beverages by minors (presently defined as those prior to their twenty-first 
birthday). The college fully suppotts the laws of the state, and acknowledges the rights of 
enforcement of these laws by civil authority. 

Most of the success of any community in establishing a harmonious and productive 
atmosphere rests on the voluntary cooperation of its members. In the event.however, of failure 
of individuals to respect the rights and privileges of others and of the institution, the offenders 

against the community will be subject to penalties designated by the appropriate student 
government agencies and/or administrative office. 

The complete Student Conduct Code appears in the Student Handbook. Several 
provisions of that code that require emphasis are given here in order to prevent 
misunderstanding on the part of all prospective students. A violation of the Student 
Conduct Code occurs when a student: 

1. Limits or restricts the freedom of any member of 
the campus community to move about in a lawful manner. 

2. Creates or participates in a disturbance that in- 
fringes upon the individual's right to privacy. 

3. Enters or uses facilities or property of the college 
or another person without authorization from the appropri- 
ate college official or person. 

4. Misuses, removes, damages fire/safety equipment. 

5. Uses or possesses firearms, explosives (including 
firecrackers) or other dangerous articlesor substances po- 
tentially injurious to persons or property. 

6. Possesses and/or consumes alcoholic beverages on 

any property owned by Lebanon Valley College. 

7. Possesses, distributes, sells, or is under the influ- 
ence of narcotics, hallucinogenics, dangerous drugs, or 
controlled substances except as permitted by law. 

8. Intentionally obstructs the administrative or aca- 
demic operation and functions of the college. 

9. Visits in an individual's dormitory room at times 
and under conditions that are prohibited by institutional 
policy (See L-Book) 

10. Keeps pets in college buildings or on college 
grounds unless prior approval by the dean of students has 
been given. 




Within the program and operation of Lebanon Valley College, there is a wide commitment 
to the principle of shared governance. In this commitment, various areas of student life come 
under the jurisdiction of student government in varying degrees as that part of the total campus 
governance system has been developed over a period of time. 

The representative organizations described below are privileged to conduct the affairs of 
the student body of Lebanon Valley College under their separate responsibilities in such manner 
as to guide and promote the affairs of the students and as to refrain from acting contrary to 
local, state, and federal laws and to the Student Conduct Code as defined in the Student 


Student Council 

The Student Council seeks to foster understanding 
and cooperation among the students, faculty, and adminis- 
tration of Lebanon Valley College. It is the responsibility of 
the Student Council to serve as the central clearing house 
for all recommendations and grievances emanating from 
the student body and to make recommendations for alter- 
ing or establishing policy to the appropriate administrative 
office or faculty committees. The Student Council, com- 
posed of eighteen members, also coordinates student activ- 
ities and provides for the financing of those activities. 

Student Judicial Board 

The Student Judicial Board is responsible for the in- 
vestigating and/or adjudicating alleged infractions of the 
Student Conduct Code. It is composed of eight elected 

students, eight selected students, and non-student mem- 
bers appointed by the president of the college. The Case 
Investigation Board carries out investigative responsibilities 
of the Student Judicial Board. The Case Investigation Board 
is composed of a maximum of nine students selected by a 
committee composed of the Student Judicial Board chair- 
man, the outgoing chairman of the Case Investigation 
Board and the Dean of Students. 

Judicial Appeals Board 

The Judicial Appeals Board hears appeals from stu- 
dents on decisions rendered by the Student Judicial Board 
and/or sanctions imposed by the dean of students. It is 
composed of four students, three faculty members, and 
three administrators. 

Student Gov. 29 



^ 4.' 

J. * "^ 



'* v^< 



-S .. -^ » 







All candidates for admission are expected to complete 16 units of entrance credit and 
graduate from an accredited secondary school. Of the nongraduate, we require submission of 
the equivalency certificate (G.E.D.) acquired through examination. Ten of the 16 required units 
should be distributed as follows: English (4): foreign language (2); mathematics (2); science (1); 
social studies (1). 

High School 

Because evaluation of individual interests, merit and need is a vital part of our admissions 
procedure, all candidates for admission are required to visit the campus for a personal interview 
and campus tour. 

The admissions office is open Monday through FViday, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and on 
Saturday mornings, 9:00 a.m. to 12 noon during the academic year. Summer hours are Monday 
through FViday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 




( 1 ) Early in your senior year of high school , submit a com- 
pleted application form (last page of Catalog) and the 
$20.00 fee. (Use the prepaid envelope at the back of 
the Catalog to return your application and fee.) 

(2) Ask your liigh school guidance counselor to submit 
your high school record. 

(3) If you have completed post-graduate work at another 
college or university, ask the registrar to send us official 
transcripts of that work. 

(4) Have the results of your Scholastic Aptitude Tests (or 


American College Tests) sent to us. The College Board 
of Achievement Tests are not required. However, the 
achievement tests in foreign language are recom- 
mended for students wishing advanced placement. See 
your high school guidance counselor for information 
on dates and testing locations. 
If you plan to apply to the music, sacred music or 
music education programs, you are required to audition 
on campus. Audition forms are available from the ad- 
missions office. 


An Exirly Decision applicant will be expected to complete an application stating his/her 
intention to seek consideration as an Early Decision candidate. The application must be accom- 
panied by a $20.00 non-refundable application fee no later than November 15. An Early Decision 
applicant will be notified of the Admissions Committee decision by December 1. A student 
accepted as an Early Decision Candidate must confirm his/her acceptance by submitting a $100 
non-refundable deposit no later than January 1. An applicant not accepted under the Early 
Decision Program will be considered for admission under the regular admission program. 


Admissions 31 





A student wishing to be considered under the regular admissions program should file an 
application after September 1 of his/her senior year. The application must be accompanied by a 
$20 non-refundable application fee. Applicants will be notified of Admissions Committee deci- 
sions after December 15 on a continuous basis. A student accepted under the regular admissions 
program must confirm his/her acceptance by submitting the $100 non-refundable deposit no 
later than yVfoT/ 7. 

Please Direct All Admissions-Related Inquiries To: 

Mr. Gregory G. Stanson 
Dean of Admissions 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA 17003 

Advanced placement in appropriate courses and credit will be granted to entering students 
who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced Placement examinations. For scores of 3, 
final determination is made by the appropriate department. 

Advanced Placement without credit may be granted on the basis of the Achievement Tests 
of the College Board examinations or such other proficiency tests as may be determined by the 
registrar and by the chairman of the department. 


Credit is granted for acceptable achievement on such Subject Examinations of the College 
Level Examination Program (CLEP) as are approved by appropriate departments and the Cur- 
riculum Committee. Students shall have achieved a scaled score of 50 or better on the objective 
section and earned a grade of C or better, as determined by the appropriate department, on the 
essay section of the examination. 

Six (6) semester hours credit each is granted for achievement of a composite score in the 
50th percentile or above in General Examinations in English Composition, Humanities, Math- 
ematics, Natural Sciences and History. Three (3) hours credit will be applied to the appropriate 
General Requirement areas. For the English Composition Examination, the student is given 
credit for English 111. For the Mathematics Examination, the student is given credit for Mathe- 

32 Admissions 

matics 100. Request for credit must be submitted to tlie director of auxiliary schools for Weekend 
College students, and to the registrar for other students prior to the student's completion of 30 
semester hours credit. 

Examinations may be taken prior to admissions or after a student has matriculated at the 
College. Credit is given only to students who have matriculated at the College. Applicants for 
admission interested in receiving credit should consult with the Office of Admissions; current 
students should consult with the registrar. Applicants interested in the CLEP Program should 
write to the Program Director, College Level Examination Program, RO. Box 1821, Princeton, 
N.J. 08540, for a CLEP Bulletin of Information for Candidates, which provides information on 
examinations and the dates and locations of test administrations. 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another accredited insti- 
tuion shall send an official transcript to the dean of admissions. If requested, he must provide 
copies of the appropriate catalogs for the years of attendance at the other institution or institu- 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided that the grades received are C-(1.7) or better and 
the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley College. Grades thus 
transferred count for hours only, not for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally accredited college 
can be admitted with full acceptance of course work at the previous institution. Course work in 
the major field, however, for which the applicant has received a D will not be counted toward 
fulfilling the major requirement. 

Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of full acceptance 
of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding that the candidate has followed a 
basic course of study compatible with the curriculum and academic programs of the college and 
has been enrolled tn a transfer program. 

In most instances the applicant may be expected to complete the baccalaureate degree 
within two years. However, when the requirements of a particular major field or the nature of 
the previous study demand additional work beyond two years, the applicant will normally be 
notified at the time of admission. 


Orientation days are held annually for incoming students. At this time the activities include 
a general orientation to the college, counseling with academic advisers and pre-registration for 
courses. Special sessions for parents are a vital part of the program. 

An orientation period at the beginning of the college year is provided to help new students, 
both freshmen and transfers, to become familiar with their academic surroundings. This time 
is devoted to lectures, social activities, and informal meetings with upperclassmen and faculty 

for IVew 

Orientation 33 

Costs and Financial Aid 



Lebanon Valley College receives support authorized by the General Conference of the 
United Methodist Church, individual congregations of the denomination in the Eastern Penn- 
sylvania Conference and the Central Pennsylvania Conference, endowments, and the Pennsyl- 
vania Foundation for Independent Colleges. Also, since at Lebanon Valley College as at most 
other institutions of higher learning the tuition and other annual charges paid by the student do 
not cover the total cost of his education, additional income is derived through the Lebanon 
Valley College Fund. The Rind is supported by industry', alumni, the Board of Tixistees, parents 
of students, and other friends of the college. 

Total assets of Lebanon Valley College are approximately $22,000,000 including endowment 
funds of about $3,600,000. Aside from general endowment income available for unrestricted 
purposes, there are a number of special funds designated for specific uses such as professorships, 
scholarships, and the library. 

34 Fin. Support 


For educational and general purposes 

Professorship F\in(U 

Chair of Englisli Bible and Greek Testament • Joseph Bittinger 
Eberly Professorship of Latin Language & Literature • John 
E\'ans Lehman Chair of Mathematic-s • Re\'. J. B. Weidler En- 
dowment P'und • The Ford Foundation • Buttenvick Chair of 
Philosophy • Karl Milton Karnegie Fund • The Batdort Flind • 
E. N. FXinkhouser Fijnd • Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Horn Fund • 
Mary L Shumberger Fund • Woodrovv W. Vfeltermyer Profes- 
sorship Fund 

Lectureship FUnds 

Bishop J. Balmer Showers Lectureship Flind • Staley Distin- 
guished Christian Scholar Lectureship Fund 

Library Ftinds 

Libraiy Rind of Class of 1916 • Class of 1956 Libraiy Endow- 
ment Fund • Dr. Lewis J. and Leah ."^liller Leih\' Lihran' Fund 
• Robert B. Wingate Lihrar\' Fund 

Maintenance F\inds 

Hiram E. Steinmetz Memorial Room Fund • Williams Foun- 
dation Endowment Fbnd 

Equipment FXinds 

Dr. Warren H. h^ke and Mabel A. FSke Science Memorial Fund 

Publicity F\inds 

Harnish-Houser Publicity FUnds 

Restricted— Other 

Unger .Academic .Assistance Fund • C. B. Montgomery Memo- 
rial Room Fund '.A.I.M. Fund 

Non-Education2tl Purposes 

Scholarship FUnds 

Ministerial Scholarship TKists — United Methodist Church 

1 . Western Conference 

2. Central Pennsylvania Conference 

3. Eastern Pennsylvania Conference 

4. General Conference 

5. Baltimore Conference 

Alumni Scholarship Rind • Dorothy Jean Bachman Scholar- 
ship Fund • Lillian .Merle Bachman Scholarship Fund • E. M. 
Baum Scholarship Flind • Arthur S. and Emma E. Beckley 
Memorial Scholarship Flind • .Andrew and Ruth E. Bender 
Scholarship Fund • Cloyd and Maiy Bender Scholarship Flind 

• Biological Scholarship FUnd • Eliza Bittinger Scholarship 
Flind • Mary A. Bixler Scholarship Flind • I. T. Buffington 
Scholarship Fund • .Alice E\'ers Burtner Memorial .Award FUnd 

• Oliver P Buttenvick School Fund • .^Ir. and .\lrs. D. Clark 
Carmean Scholarship FUnd • Isaiah H. Daughert\' and Benja- 
min P. Raab Memorial Scholarship Fund • Senator .lames J. 
Davis Scholarship Fund • Derickson Scholarship Fund • Wil- 
liam E. Duff Scholarship Flind • Samuel F and .Agnes F Engle 
Scholarship Fund • M. C. Fiivinger and Wife Scholarship Fund 

• Red E. Foos Scholarship Fund • Thomas G. Fox Memorial 
Scholarship Fund • James K. FVy Memorial Scholarship FUnd 

• C. C. Gingrich Scholarship FUnd • Gossard. Plitt and Mon- 
teith Scholarship Fund • Margaret V'erda Graybill .\lemorial 
Scholarship FUnd • Peter Graybill Scholarship FUnd • Jacob F 
Greasley Scholarship Fund • Hilda Hafer Scholarship Flind • 
Alice .M. Heagy Scholarship Flind • J. M. Heagy and Wife Schol- 
arship Flind • Beitha Foos Heinz Scholarship Flind • Han'ey 
E, Herr Memorial Scholarship Fund • Edwin .^l. Hershey 
Scholarship FUnd • Merle M. Hoo\'er Scholarship FUnd • Kath- 
erine S. Howard Scholarship FUnd • Judge S. C. Huber Schol- 
arship Fund • Cora Appleton Huber Scholarship FUnd • H. S. 

Immel Scholarship FUnd • Henw G. and Anna S. Kauffman 
and ftmiK' Scholarship Rjnd • John A. H. Keith Rind • Bar- 
bara June Kettering Scholarship Rind • Dorothea Killinger 
Scholarship Rind • Rev. and Mrs. J. E. and Rev. A. H. Kleffman 
Scholarship Rind • A. S. Kreider Ministerial Scholarship Rind 

• D. Albert and Anna Forney Kreider Scholarship Fund • \V. E. 
Kreider Scholarship FUnd • Maud R Laughlin Scholarship 
FUnd • Lebanon Steel Foundiv' Foundation Scholarship Rind 

• David E. and Abram M. Long Memorial Ministerial Scholar- 
ship Flind • The Lxirenz Benevolent Fund • Mrs. Edwin M. 
Loux Scholarship FUnd • F C. McKay Medical Scholarship 
FUnd • Elizabeth Meyer Endowment FUnd • Elizabeth Ma\' 
Meyer Musical Scholarship Fund • Elizabeth H. Millard Me- 
morial Scholarship Fund • Margaret S. Millard Scholarship 
Flind • Harry E. Miller Scholarship FUnd • Bishop J. S. Mills 
Scholarship Fund • Germaine Benedictus Monteaax Memorial 
Scholarship FUnd • Deborah A. Moore Memorial Scholarship 
FUnd • Elizabeth A. Mower Beneficiary Fund • Laura Muth 
Scholarship Fund • Gene R Neidig Memorial Scholarship FUnd 

• Philadelphia Lebanon Vyiey College Alumni Scholarship 
Rind • Rev. H. C. Phillips Scholarship Fund • Pickwell Me- 
morial Music Award • Quincy E\'angelical United Brethren Or- 
phanage and Home Scholarship FUnd • Ezra G. Ranck and 
Wife Scholarship FUnd • J. Allan Ranck Memorial Scholarship 
FUnd • Levi S. Reist Scholarship Fund • Dr. G. A. Richie 
Scholarship FUnd • Emmett C. Roop Scholarship FUnd • Reyn- 
aldo Rovers Memorial Scholarship FUnd • Mary Sachs Foun- 
dation Scholarship FUnd • Harvey L. Seltzer Scholarship Fund 

• Paul Shannon Scholarship FUnd • Special Fund • Mary Ann 

Ocker Spital Scholarship F\ind • Rev. and Mrs. Cawley H. Stine 
Scholarship FUnd • Dr. Alfred D. Strickler and Louise Kreider 
Strickler Pre-Medical Scholarship FUnd • Robert L. Unger 
Scholarship FUnd • Henry J. Wilder Scholarship Fund • J. C. 
Winter Scholarship Fund • 

Student Loan Flinds 

Man' A. Dodge l^jan FUnd • Daniel Eberly Scholarship FUnd • 
Glant-Gibson-Glunt Educational Loan Rind • Esther and 
Frank Ligan Fund • International Student Loan Rind • 

Prize FUnds 

Bradford C. Alban Memorial Award FUnd • Class of 1964 Quittie 
Award FUnd • The L. G. Bailey Award Fund • Henn,' H. Baish 
Avs'ard • Andrew Bender Memorial ChemistiV' FUnd • Governor 
James H. Duff Award • Florence Wolf Knauss Memorial .Music 
Award 'LMVie Collegienne Award Fund • Ma.\ F Lehman Fund 

• Edith Mills Music Award • People's National Bank Achie\'e- 
ment Award in Economics • The Rosenberry Award • FVancis 
H. Wilson Biology Award 

Annuity FUnds 

Ruth E, Bender • Ruth Detwiler Rettew • Paul R Rilk and 
Margaret M. FUlk • Rev. A. H. Kleffman and Erma L. Kleffman 

• E. Roy Line Annuity • Maiy Lutz Mairs • Esta VViireheim 

Unitrust Agreements 

Richard L. and Ruth W. Davis FUnd • I'arke H. and Cecil B. 
Lutz FUnd • Dr. Elizabeth K. Weisburger TVust Fund 

Endow. Funds 35 


student charges are based upon the principal of prepayment (i.e., to keep student charges 
at a minimum and yet at a level consistent with maintaining adequate facilities and high quality 
instruction, payment is a prerequisite for registration). 

Fees- 1983-84 

Fees and 

1983-84 Fee Structure for FuU- 
Time Students 

Comprehensive Fee 

Per. Yr. 

Fee includes tlie following: $5,360 

Tuition $5,200 

Fees 160 

Total Charges for Commuting Student $5,360 

Room (other than single occupancy) 1.010 

Single in a single occupancy 125% of 

above room rate 

Single in a double occupancy 

150% of above room rate 
Dining Hall 1.390 

Total Charges for a Resident Student 7,760 

Private music Instruction (',■!• hour per wk.) 

Beyond the First Half Hour 

(per semester) $120 

Transcript in Excess of One $2 

Each student, former student, or 

graduate is entitled to one transcript 

of his college record without charge. 

For each copy after the first, a fee of 

two dollars is charged. 

Student Charges for 1983-84 

Part Time (less than 12 hrs. per sem.) Stu- $135.00 
dent Charge (per sem. cr. hr.) 

Private Music Instruction {V2 hr. per week) $135.00 

Science Laboratory Fees (Part Time Day $35.00 

Student/Any Auxiliary School Student) 
Registration Fees (Day School) 

Charge of Registration 

Late Pre-Registration 

Late Registration 

Part Time Student Registration 

Application Fee 
Auxiliary Schools (Evening, Summer. 


Tliition (per sem. cr. hr.) 

Registration Fee 

(Degree Students Tiiking Weekends 
College Courses Do Not Pay) 

Change of Registration 

Late Registration 

Application Fee 
Summer School room 
Summer School board (when 
number warrants food service) 
Late Payment Fees (Day School) 

If not paid by stipulated deadlines of Au- 
gust 10 and January 2 
Part Time Audit Students pay 50% of the regular rate 
per credit hour. 

Senior Citizens (age 62 & older) pay 50"/o of the regular 
credit hour. 

A monthly interest rate of l'/2% will apply to any bal- 
ance outstanding after registration day. 






$35.00 per week 

$9.00 per day 

36 Student Fin. 

A non-refundable application fee is charged each applicant and upon acceptance a non- 
refundable admission deposit of $100 is required of all new (including transfer) students. The 
admission deposit upon registration is applied to the student's account. 

Fkilure to register in any prescribed pre-registration or registration period, late registration, 
change in registration — each involves a $10 charge to the student. 

The semester credit hour charge for part-time students (less than 12 credit hours per 
semester) is $120.00 and the registration fee for a part-time student is $10.00. 

A health's service fee is collected in the first semester of the student's enrollment and a 
pro-rata charge applies to the student who first enrolls in the second semester. 

The contingency deposit in the amount of $50.00 must be made before registration and is 
required of all full-time students and will be refunded upon graduation or withdrawal from 
college provided no damage has been caused by the student. All student breakage that occurs in 
college-operated facilities will be charged against this deposit and the amount must be repaid to 
the college within 30 days of notice to the student. 

Semester charges are due and payable in full on August 10 (first semester) and January 2 
(second semester) as a condition for registration. Arrangements for deferred payment plans shall 
be completed early enough to assure payment of bills no later than the date that semester 
charges are due and payable (Aug. 10 and Jan. 2). 

A satisfactory settlement of all college accounts is required before grades are released, 
transcripts are sent, honorable dismissal granted, or degree conferred. 

Payment of 
Fees and 

Refunds, as indicated below, are allowed only to students who officially withdraw from the 
college by completing the clearance procedure: 

Period after registration % refunded of tuition 

Within 2 weeks 75% 

Within 3rd week 50% 

Within 4th week 25% 

After 4 weeks 0% 

The above refund schedule also applies to part-time students, and to full-time students who 
withdraw from a course or courses so as to reduce the remaining course load to less than 12 
semester credit hours. 

A prorated refund on board charges is allowed for the period beginning after honorable 
official withdrawal. No refund is allowed on room charges. 

No refund is allowed on room deposit e,xcept when withdrawal results from suspension or 
dismissal by college action or when withdrawal results from entrance into active military service. 

Refunds for students who withdraw due to health reasons during the first half of either 
semester will be determined by the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs. 


Residence hall rooms are reserved only for those continuing students who make an advance 
room reservation deposit of $50.00 (Receipt must be presented at the time of room sign-up 
which occurs during April.) 

Occupants must pay for any breakage or loss of furniture or any other damage for which 
they are responsible. Damage not assignable to an individual occupant may be prorated to 
accounts of occupants within the responsible area (wing, hall, floor, dorm, etc.). 

Each room in the men's residence halls is furnished with chests of drawers, book case, 
beds, mattresses, chairs, and study tables. Drapes are provided in Funkhouser, Hammond, and 
Keister Halls. Students must provide bedding, rugs, lamps, and all other furnishings. 

Each room in the women's residence halls is furnished with beds, mattresses, chairs, 
dressers, book case, and study tables. Drapes are provided in Mary Green and Vickroy Halls. 
Other desired furnishings must be supplied by the student. 


Residence Halls 37 

students rooming in residence halls may not sublet their rooms to commuting students or 
to others. 

Since Lebanon Valley College is primarily a boarding institution, all students are required 
to live in college-owned or controlled residence halls. Exceptions to the above are: married 
students, students living with immediate relatives, or those living in their own homes who 
commute daily to the campus. 

Should vacancies occur in any of the residence halls, the college reserves the right to 
require students rooming in the community to move into a residence hall. 

The college reserves the right to close all residence halls during vacations and between 

The college reserves the right to inspect any student's room at any time. Periodic inspection 
of residence halls will be made by members of the administration. 

The college is not responsible for loss of personal possessions by the students. It is recom- 
mended that each student consider the need to provide private insurance coverage. 

38 Meals 

jlVipa|c All resident students are required to take their meals in the college dining rooms. Com- 

muting students may arrange for meals Monday through FViday, on a semester basis, if space is 

Lebanon Valley College makes every effort to financially assist those students who, without 
such assistance, would be unable to attend. It is impossible for many students to meet the high 
costs of the quality education which Lebanon Valley provides, and this is supported by the fact 
that nearly 75% of current LVC students are receiving some type of aid. 

Lebanon Valley's financial aid program is based on the premise that it is the responsibility 
of the student and his or her parents to meet educational expenses to the extent that they are 
able. When it is determined that a student demonstrates financial need (the difference between 
overall educational costs and the amount of money the family can reasonably make available for 
educational purposes), aid resources are then allocated in an effort to meet that need. Lebanon 
Valley subscribes to the nationally accepted need analysis guidelines known as uniform meth- 

In order to assist the greatest number of needy students, limited financial aid resources are 
allocated equitably in packages consisting of gift aid (grants, scholarships) and "self-help (loans, 
work). No student should be expected to carry an unusual burden of self-help under normal 
circumstances, nor should any student expect his need to be met entirely with grant funds. 


Financial Aid 39 




Financial aid resources available to students attending Lebanon Valley College are of three 
basic types — grants and scholarships, loans, and employment. Sources of aid include federal and 
state governments, various private agencies, and Lebanon Valley College. 

• Grants and scholarships are outright gift aid to students, 
and do not have to be repaid. With the exception of LVC 
Presidential Scholarships, which are merit awards, all 
grants are need-based. These grants include: Pell Grants 
(formerly BEOG). Supplemental Educational Opportu- 

nit\' Grants (SEOG). Pennsylvania (PHEAA) and other 
State Grants, L\'C Grants-in-.Aid, and external grants and 

Loans to students are available in the form of National 
Direct Student Loans (NDSL). and Guaranteed Student 
Loans (GSL). The NDSL is a need-based loan, whereas 
the GSL may currently be obtained by an\' student who 
is enrolled at least half-time, regardless of need. These 
loans must be repaid at low interest rates upon the stu- 

dent's departure from the institution. Parent Loans, 
available to parents of dependent students at higher in- 
terest rates and immediate repayment, may be obtained 
if other resources are insufficient. 
Campus Employment opportunities are available to stu- 
dents in such areas as the dining hall, library, or aca- 
demic departments. Needy students are assigned part- 
time jobs under the federally-subsidized College VVork- 
Study program: other students may obtain jobs under 
the institutionally-funded work-aid program if: L) their 
services are requested by a particular department, or 2.1 
there are jobs available after needy students ha\'e been 

Recent federal legislation may have resulted in changes to some of these aid programs. More 
updated and detailed information regarding specific aid programs is contained in the Financial 
Aid brochure published by the LVC Financial Aid Office. 


1.) .'\ll students applying for financial aid at Lebanon \'alley 
College must file the complete Financial .Aid Form (FAF 
plus the Supplement) with theCollege Scholarship .Ser- 
vice in Princeton, New Jersey. Filing this form will 
allow students to be considered for LVC Grants, NDSL, 
SEOG. and College Work-Study The FAF may also be 
used to apply for Pell Grants and some state grants (i.e. 
New Jersey). Forms are available in high school guid- 
ance offices and college financial aid offices, and must 
be filed prior to March 1 in order for students to be 
guaranteed consideration for institutional aid. 

2.) Pennsylvania residents must file the combined PHEAA/ 

Pell Grant Application in order to be considered for 
state grant aid. This application is mailed in late fall to 
all high school seniors who have taken the S.ATs, and 
must be filed b\' May 1 , 

3.) Students applying for Guaranteed Student Loans or 
Parent Loans should do so prior to June L These loans 
require a separate application, which must be obtained 
from the bank or lending agency and take about six 
weeks to process. 

4.) Application for financial aid must be made annually. 
Returning students should file the EAF prior to .April 1. 



to Students 

40 Types of Fin. Assis. 

Students are notified of the amount and provisions of all financial aid awarded upon the 
College's receipt and evaluation of all necessaiT forms. Where awards from external agencies are 
expected but not yet made official, estimated awards will be stated. Students are responsible for 
notifying the College of acceptance or rejection of the aid offered, and are responsible for signing 
and returning all necessar\' forms. 

Awards to new students are made within two weeks of receipt of all necessary infoimation, 
and the College subscribes to the standard financial aid acceptance date of May L Returning 
student award notices are sent to students within four weeks of the end of the spring semester, 
with an expected response period of thirty days. 

The financial aid officer at Lebanon Valley College is responsible for the allocation of LVC 
Grants as well as federal campus-based student assistance (NDSL, SEOG, Work-Study). These 
resources are used to meet remaining need after Pell Grants, state grants, and external awards 
(not made by LVC) are considered. Lebanon Valle\' attempts to achieve a comparable grant vs. 
self-help ratio in the total aid package of all incoming students, however, the wide variance in 
external aid awards (i.e. state aid) often makes this impossible. Limited institutional resources 
also require that students' academic talents and special abilities be considered in the awarding of 
LVC Grants. 

Each student's financial need is computed yearly, and LVC attempts to maintain approxi- 
mately the same proportion of grant aid in the student's package, unless the applicant's need 
changes drastically. 




A student's receipt of financial assistance requires that he/she assume ceitain responsibili- 
ties. These are stated below. 

1.1 Students must be enrolled full-time in order to be con- 
sidered for LVC Grants. SEOG, NDSL, Work-Study, or 
state grants. 

2.) Students must be enrolled at least half-time (six cred- 
itsl in order to be eligible for Pell Grants' or obtain 
Guaranteed Student Loans or Parent Loans. 

3.) Students receiving financial aid awards in excess of 
$1(10 from external sources must report these awards 
to the Financial Aid Office. The College reseives the 
right to adjust the student's aid package accordingly. 

4.) All transfer students must submit a Financial Aid TVan- 
script of aid resources from their previous institution(s) 
before LVC aid can be finalized. 

5.) students must maintain satisfactory' academic and so- 
cial standing requirements to retain their financial aid. 
For retention of LVC, Grants, satisfacton' academic re- 
quirements are defined as: 1.1 students must be en- 
rolled fulltime. and 2.) must either not be on academic 
probation, or, if on probation have a cumulative grade- 
point average higher than the corresponding semester 
GPA levels which serve as criteria for academic proba- 

tion. A student's status is evaluated each semester. 
Presidential Scholarship recipients must maintain a 2.5 
cumulative GPA to insure retention of that award. 
Academic progress terms for PHE.A.\ Grants require 
that students successfully complete 24 credit hours 
during the most recent two-semester period in which 
they received state grant aid. .Academic progress for all 
other programs is defined by the student's eligibility for 
continued enrollment in a degree program at LVC 
In order to demonstrate satisfacton' social standing kir 
purposes of retaining LVC Grants and Scholarships, 
students must not be placed on disciplinarv- probation 
by the dean of students. Stu- 

dents will be denied LVC grant assistance for each se- 
mester (including portions of semesters! during which 
the student is in probationani' status. The denial of aid 
will take place in the semester(s) immediately following 
the semester in which disciplinary action is taken. Sat- 
isfacton,' social standing for all other programs is de- 
fined by the student's eligibility for continued enroll- 
ment in a degree program at LVC. 

Policies and 

Fbr additional information regarding financial aid contact: 

Financial Aid Office 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA, 17003 
(717) 867-4411 Ext. 207 

Policies 41 




Academic Progmms/Procedtires 

Lebanon Valley College confers four bachelor degrees upon students who are recommended 
by the faculty and approved by the Board of TVustees. They are: Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of 
Science, Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, and Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology. 

The Bachelor of Arts degree is conferred upon students who complete requirements in the 
following areas: English, foreign languages, FVench, German, history, humanities, music, phi- 
losophy, political science, psychology, religion, sacred music, social science, sociology and Span- 

The Bachelor of Science degree is conferred upon students who complete requirements in 
the following areas: accounting, actuarial science, biochemistry, biology, business administra- 
tion, chemistry, computer science, cooperative engineering, cooperative forestry, economics, 
elementary education, international business, mathematics, music education, nuclear medicine 
technology, nursing, operations research, physics and social service. 

As appropriate, the degree of Bachelor of Aits or Bachelor of Science is conferred upon the 
student who completes an individualized major program. 

The professional degrees of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry and Bachelor of Science in 
Medical Technology are conferred upon students who complete the respective requirements. 


Requirements for degrees are stated in semester hours of credit. Generally, one semester 
hour of credit is given for each class hour a week throughout the semester. In courses requiring 
laboratory work, not less than two hours of laboratory work a week throughout a semester are 
required for a semester hour of credit. A semester is a term of approximately 15 weeks. 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a minimum of 120 semester hours credit in academic 
work in addition to the required two semester hours credit in physical education. However, a 
student who has a physical disability may be excused (on recommendation from the college 
physician) from the physical education requirement. 


Each student is assigned a faculty adviser who serves in the capacity of friendly counselor. 
The chairman or another adviser of the department in which the student has elected to major 
becomes the adviser for that student. The adviser's approval is necessary before a student may 
register for or withdraw from any course, select or change his pass/fail elections, change course 
hours credit, or change from credit to audit or vice versa. 


Faculty Advisers 43 

j^l^lQI* As part of the 120 semester hours credit required in academic work. ever\' degree candidate 

must present at least 24 semester hours credit in a major. The initial selection of a major may be 
indicated or recorded any time before the end of the sophomore year. Such a choice of major 
must be made by the time of registration for the junior year. 

A student shall be accepted as a major in a department so long as he has not demonstrated 
(by achieving less than the minimum grade-point average in the desired major) that he is 
incapable of doing satisfactory work in the department. A student accepted as a major has the 
right to remain in that department, except by special action of the dean of the faculty, as long as 
the student is in college. 

Substitution or waiving of specific courses required for the major may be approved by the 
departmental chairman or advisers upon student request. 

A student desiring to major in two subject areas should consult his current adviser and the 
chairman of the department of his proposed second major concerning the requirements and 


Degrees will be conferred only upon those candidates earning in residence a minimum of 
30 semester hours out of the last 36 taken before the date of the conferring of the degree, or 
before the transfer to a cooperating program. Residence credit is given for course work completed 
in regular day classes and in Weekend College, University Center, evening and summer session 
courses taken on campus. 


students transferring from two-year institutions (except those in the medical technology 
and nursing programs) are required to have at least 60 hours of work at a four-year institution 
for graduation. All students must take a minimum of 30 hours at Lebanon Valley College. 

Students transferring from other institutions must secure a grade-point average of 1.75 or 
better in work taken at Lebanon Valley College, and must meet the 2.0 gradepoint average in 
their major field. 


44 Major 

Candidates for degrees must obtain a cumulative grade-point average of 1.75, computed in 
accordance with the grading system indicated below. In addition, candidates must earn a major 
grade-point average of 2.0. 

Only grades received in courses taken on campus, in courses staffed by Lebanon Valley 
College at the University Center at Harrisburg, or in courses in the LVC-Central College Inter- 
national Studies Program and the LVC Washington Semester are used to determine grade-point 

Student work is graded A. B. C, D or F. with the plus and minus available to faculty 
members who wish to use them. These grades have the following meanings: 
A — distinguished performance 
B — superior work 

C — general satisfactory achievement 

D — course requirements and standards satisfied at a minimum level 
F — course requirements and standards not satisfied at a minimum level 

A student may not take any course which has as a prerequisite a course that he has failed. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols /, 11,' W'P. and \\F are used on grade 
reports and in college records. / indicates that the work is incomplete (that the student has 
postponed with the prior consent of the instmctor and tor substantial reason, certain required 
work), but otherwise satisfactory. This work must be completed within the first six weeks of the 
beginning of the next semester, or the /will be converted to an F Appeals for extension of time 
beyond six weeks must be presented in writing to the registrar not later than one week after the 
beginning of the next semester. 

W indicates withdrawal from a course through the eighth week of semester classes. In case 
of a withdrawal from a course thereafter through the last day of semester classes, the symbol 
WP will be entered if the student's work is satisfactory, and UF if unsatisfactoiy The grade of 
WF is counted as an F in calculating the grade-point averages. 

For physical education courses and courses in which no academic credit is involved, student 
work is evaluated as either S (satisfactory) or i' (unsatisfactory). 

For each semester hour credit in a course in which a student is graded A, he receives 4 
quality points: A - , 3.7: B + , 3.3: B. 3.0: B-.2.1: and so on. F cairies no credit and no quality 

System and 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes as part of its responsibility to its students the need for 
providing sound educational, vocational, and personal counseling. Measures of interest, ability, 
aptitude, and personality, in addition to other counseling techniques, are utilized in an effort to 
help each student come to a fuller realization of his capabilities and personality. 

Placement services are provided by the college for aiding students in procuring part-time 
employment while in college and in obtaining positions upon graduation. A current file is 
maintained which contains information about positions in various companies and institutions, 
teaching, civil service opportunities and examinations, entrance to professional schools, assis- 
tantships, and fellowships. Representatives of business, industry', and educational institutions 
visit the campus annually to interview seniors for prospective employment. A file of credentials 
and activities of those students availing themseK'es of the services is available to prospective 
employers. Graduates may keep their individual files active by reporting additional information 
to the director of placement. 

Records of students' credentials in all areas of student activities are on file. 




Counseling 45 

ate and 

All seniors are required to attend the May baccalaureate and commencement programs at 
which their degrees are to be conferred, except for the most compelling reasons and only upon 
a written request approved by the registrar and submitted to him at least two weeks prior to 
commencement. Fkculty approval is required for conferring of the degree and issuance of the 
diploma in any case of willful failure to compK' with these regulations. 

Students graduating in JanuaiT (mid-winter) or August (summer) are invited, along with 
their families, to attend an informal but meaningful ceremony marking the completion of their 
collegiate experience. Participation in these exercises is not required. Students graduating in 
January or August are also entitled to participate in the May Commencement and Baccalaureate 
if thev desire. 



After attaining sophomore standing (28 semester hours credit), a student may elect to take 
up to two courses for the semester and one-semester course per summer session on a P/F basis, 
but only six of these courses can be counted toward graduation requirements. 

Any courses not being counted toward the fulfillment of the general requirements or the 
major requirements may be optional on a pass/fail basis. Any prerequisite course taken P/F and 
successfully completed will satistV' the prerequisite. 

Each department may, with the approval of the dean of the facultx', designate certain 
courses, including those required for the major, in which the grading will be P/F for all students. 
Courses so designated shall not count toward the total number of courses available P/F to the 

A course taken P/F will be graded P/H (B + and higher), P (D - through B), and F (below 

A course passed P/F shall be counted toward graduation requirements, but only an F grade 
shall be included in computing the grade-point a\'erage. 

The student, with approval of his ad\'iser, will indicate at registration or through the eighth 
week of semester classes the courses that he has elected to take P/F He may, with approval of his 
adviser, remove a course from P/F during the same period. 

Instructors may be infoimed of P/F options selected by students only after semester grades 
have been reported. Instructors will submit for each student an A through F grade which will be 
converted to P/H, R or F 

46 Bacc. £■ Comm. Att. 


Pass/fail requirements are the same as listed above with the following exceptions: (1.) 
courses which are prerequisites or corequisites tor major courses may not be taken P/F. (2.) 
Election of the P/F option shall be completed within the first two weeks of the semester; a 
student may remove a course from P/F during the first eight weeks of the semester. 

To graduate from Lebanon Valley College, students must satisfy certain general require- 
ments, outlined below: 

1. Writing Skills (6 credits). English 111, 112. 

2. Religion and/or Philosophy (6 credits). Philosophv 110, 228. 231; Religion 110, 

3. Natural Science (6-9 credits, depending upon the selection of courses; one course 
must be a laboratory, listed in italics). Biology 1011102, 111/112. 302 309: Chemistry 
101, 102. 103, 104, 111, 112, 113, 114: Mathematical Sciences 100, 102, 111, 160, 
161, 170, 270; Physics 100 103. 104, 110, 111, 112: Psychology 110, 120, 235, 236. 
237. 238, 444. 

4. Individual and Group Behavior (9-10 credits, depending upon the selection of 
courses; student chooses 3 or 4 courses from at least 2 disciplines). Economics 110/ 
120; Geography 112; all History courses except 400, 412, 500; Metropolitan Semester 
260; Political Science 111/112, 211, 212, 311, 312, 314, 411, 413; Psychology 100, 321, 
337, 343, 346; Religion 140; Sociologv- 110, 122, 211, 232, 242, 251, 273, 282, 322; 
appropriate Interdisciplinary courses. 

5. Fbreign Language (3-9 credits, depending upon the option selected). This require- 
ment may be met in one of fwe ways; 6 credits in elementary foreign language; 6 
credits in intermediate foreign language; 3 credits in intermediate foreign language 
and 3 credits in computer language (Computer Programming 170, Computer Science 
241); 3 credits in advanced foreign language; or 6-9 additional credits of General 
Requirements' not in physical education or the major field(s). 

6. Arts and Letters (6 credits). Art 110, 201, 203; English 221/222, 225/226, 227/228, 
250-299; 321/322, 337, 338, 339; all foreign language courses numbered 1 16 or higher 
except those numbered 215, 252, 440. 445/446, 500; Metropolitan Semester 270, 290; 
Music 100 or 341/342; Philosophy 350-399; appropriate Interdisciplinary Courses. 

7. Physical Education (2 credits). 


- Total credits required for graduation: 122. 

- No course from a student's first major may be used to meet the general requirements: however, courses required lor a 
second major, as well as any required courses in a collateral field, may he used to meet requirements, 

- Requirements may also be satisfied through proficienc\' examinations. Advanced Placement Program, and College Level 
E.xamination Program; further information may be obtained from the registrar. 

The General 

Gen. Requirements 47 

The Honors 

Dr. Markowicz 

The Honors Program is designed for superior students who are keenly motivated to expand 
their intellectual horizons, to develop their curiosity and creativity, and to assume a personal 
responsibility for challenging their intellectual abilities. The program seeks to sharpen critical 
and analytical thinking, to develop verbal and written expression, to encourage intellectual 
independence, and to foster sensitive and informed investigation of human values. To achieve 
these goals, the program offers a rigorous curricular alternative to the general requirements of 
the College. 

Participants are selected during their freshman year on the basis of interviews and scholas- 
tic records. 

Requirements: To graduate as an Honor Student, one must have maintained an average 
of 3.0 overall and in the program; have completed the four Honors courses, six credits in Honor 
seminars, and six credits in independent study; and have taken a laboratory science course, a 
foreign language at the intermediate level or above, and two courses in physical education. 


201. Human Existence and TVanscendence. A close examination of the basic questions 
and issues pertaining to human existence and the ways in which mankind has attempted, 
religiously and philosophically, to rise above the prevailing conditions of human existence. This 
course seeks to describe and examine the commonalities and differences between religion and 
philosophy as each discipline addresses itself to existence and transcendence. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of society, their 
origins, and their impact upon human values. Emphasis will be given to the interaction of the 
individual and the socio-cultural environment. The approaches of the various social sciences will 
be evaluated. 

203. The Nature and Impact of Science. An investigation of the nature of science, its 
goals, assumptions, and methods. The relationship between science and technology as well as 
ethical and valuational issues inherent in science will also be considered. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, music, and plastic art, 
designed to acquaint students with the functions, values, and aesthetic and cultural contexts of 
art. as well as to enhance their responses to artworks. 


These courses, which may be interdepartmental and team-taught, are intensive studies of 
selected topics available to junior and senior Honor Students. 

48 Honors Prog. 


An independent study project, which is the capstone of the Honors Program, provides the 
opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the student "s own design. The project, 
which is overseen by a faculty member, must be approved by the Honors Director. When 
acceptable to an academic department, such independent study may serve as the basis for 
Departmental Honors. Upon completion, the project will be presented publicly. 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors work during the 
junior and senior years. For specific infonnation, interested students should contact the appro- 
priate department chairman. Generally departmental honors consists of a reading and/or 
research project producing a thesis or essay. This project is undertaken on a subject of the 
students' own choosing under the supervision of a faculty adviser. Opportunit>' also exists to do 
creative work. A maximum of nine hours credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

tal Honors 

Dept. Honors 49 


Summer sessions, evening classes on campus. Weekend College, and extension classes in 
the University Center at Harrisburg enable teachers, state employees, and others in active 
employment to attend college courses and secure academic degrees. By a careful selection of 
courses made in consultation with the appropriate adviser, students can meet many of the 
requirements for a baccalaureate degree. Some courses may be taken for provisional and 
permanent teaching certification; others may be taken with the aim of transferring credit to 
another institution. Many courses lead to professional advancement or are of direct benefit to 
persons in business or industn', while others assist in broadening the student's vocational, social, 
and cultural background. 

Brochures are published for the summer session, the evening classes, and Weekend College. 
For information write to the Director of Auxiliary Schools, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, 
Pennsylvania 17003. 

University Center at Harrisburg 

Extension classes are offered at the Center's campus. 
2991 North Front Street, Harrisburg. 17110, on Monday 
through Thursday evenings and on Saturday mornings 
during the regular academic semesters. Classes meet dur- 
ing the summer sessions on various ex'enings. Lebanon 
Valley College's extension program in Harrisburg is carried 
on in conjunction with Elizabethtown College, Temple Uni- 
versity. The Pennsylvania State University, and the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania. Courses offered by Lebanon Valley may 
carry residence credit. 

All students admitted and enrolled for a degree at the 
college are required to secure the permission of their advis- 
ers and the registrar prior to enrolling for any courses at 
the University Center at Harrisburg. 

For details pertaining to the University Center at Har- 
risburg write or call the director at 2991 North Front 
Street. Harrisburg. Pennsylvania 17110. at 717-238-9694 
during the day or 717-238-9696 during the evening. 

Weekend College 

The Weekend College offers full degree programs in 
accounting, business administration, nursing, social sci- 
ence, sociology, and social sen-ice. with all of the necessary 
classes meeting on alternate Friday nights and Saturdays in 
both the academic semesters and the summer. These resi- 
dence credit classes are primarily intended for off-campus 
adults interested in pursuing a college degree. 

Campus Evening Classes 

E\'ening classes are offered on the campus, .^londay 
through Thursday and earn,' residence credit. 

The evening school includes an EXRICH Program in 
Business Administration or .Accounting. The student re- 
ceives a certificate of achievement upon successful comple- 
tion of the 60 semester-hour program. 

Summer Session 

Regular enrolled students may. by taking summer ses- 
sion courses, meet the requirements for the bachelor's de- 
gree in three years. 


50 Aux. Schools 

A student's study at Lebanon Valley College 
college participates in several otif-campus learninj 
and receive credit. 

Environmental Biology 

Lebanon Valley College maintains active programs in 
the following areas of Environmental Biology: Ecology: Ma- 
rine Biology: Field Botany and Zoology: Forestry (Coopera- 
tive Program): Environmental .^lanagement (Cooperative 

Field trips to the College of .Marine Studies. Uni\'ersity 
of Delaware, and the University of Georgia Marine Institute. 
Sapelo Island. Georgia, are made by students in\'olved in 
the Marine Biology and Ecology programs. Students in the 
cooperative forestry and en\'ironmental management pro- 

is not limited totally to on-campus work. The 
g experiences for which students may register 

grams visit Duke University each year. Freshwater pond and 
forest ecosystems which are used for ecological study are 
located on the campus at Kreiderheim. Wilderness areas 
which include the transition zone between southern and 
northern forests occur within a few miles of campus. 
Flooded limestone quarries are available for students who 
desire more intensive training in aquatic ecology andor 

Internships in a number of ecologically-related areas 
have been arranged with local industries and municipal 
governmental agencies. On occasion these lead directly to 
future emploN'ment. 

The faculty of the Department of Biology includes pro- 
fessors specifically trained in and actively engaged in re- 
search in the areas of marine biologv', ecology, plant taxon- 
omy, animal taxonomy, and plant physiology. All hold doctoral 
degrees in their area of specialty and all involve students in 
their research efforts. The result has been an unusually 
high degree of achievement in student research projects, a 
number of which have been published in prominent scien- 
tific journals. 

It is the experience of the department that students 
well trained in all areas of science who have an understand- 
ing of mathematical methods, chemical techniques, and 
biological theory meet with the greatest success both in 
finding employment and in their future graduate work. 
Therefore a well-balanced program of courses in science is 
stressed with emphasis on those important for environmen- 
tal biology, and students in these areas are encouraged to 
obtain a biology major. However, if a student wishes his/her 
major to be in a more specialized area such as Marine 
Biology, this can be arranged through the College's Individ- 
ualized Major Program. 
Advisers: Dr. Williams. Dr. Paul \iblf 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 

Lebanon Valley College sponsors an urban semester 
program through the Metropolitan Collegiate Center of 
Germantown. Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. This is a one-se- 
mester program of a pre-professional internship and aca- 
demic seminars relating to the city. The program is de- 
signed especially for students who are interested in cities 
and the opportunity of living and working in a pluralistic 
urban world; or who want the practical and personal advan- 
tages of work experience especially for purposes of voca- 
tional and educational decisions. 

Internship placements are available in a diverse range 
of social service, mental health, law enforcement, medical 
research, and health-care-delivery agencies. Fifteen aca- 
demic credits are offered in the program. Metropolitan Se- 
mester students live in housing approved by the Center 
staff. Total costs are comparable to those of a semester on 
Adviser: Dr. Hanes 

International Studies Program 

Lebanon Valley College offers an International Studies 
Program in cooperation with Central College. Pella. Iowa. 
This affiliation, which is shared with twenty-three other 
colleges and universities across the country, enables Leba- 
non Valley students to enroll for foreign study in France. 

Germany-Austria. Spain. Mexico. Wkles or England while 
maintaining their regular enrollment status at Lebanon 
Valley and their college and other financial aid. 

Students may also study abroad under a program ad- 
ministered by an accredited American college or university, 
or in a program approved by Lebanon Valley College. Such 
students must have maintained a 3.0 average at Lebanon 
Valley College, must be proficient in the language spoken 
in the country in which they will study, and must be in the 
judgment of the registrar and the faculty, worthy represen- 
tatives of their own country. Their proposed courses of 
study must be approved by the appropriate departmental 
chairman and the registrar. 
Advisers: Dr. Iglesias. Dr. Ford 

Washington Semester Program 

students at Lebanon Valley College are eligible to par- 
ticipate in the W^hington Semester Program which is of- 
fered in cooperation with The American University in Wash- 
ington. D.C. Participants select one of seven options: the 
American governmental and political system as a whole 
(Semester in American National Government!, urban poli- 
tics and policyi-making. using Vfeshington as a case study 
(Urban Semester). American foreign policy formulation and 
implementation (Foreign Policy Semester), practical and 
theoretical study of economic policy (Economic Policy Se- 
mester), cultural institutions of Vteshington (Semester in 
American Studies), institutions and processes of the crimi- 
nal justice system (Justice Semester), journalism in Wash- 
ington (Journalism Semester). Different types of courses 
are offered in specific combinations for each option, includ- 
ing internships, individualized research projects worked 
out with an adviser at Lebanon Valley College and an in- 
structor at American University, elective courses, and sem- 
inars providing meetings with public officials, political fig- 
ures, private interest group representatives, and other 
knowledgeable persons. 

The program is open to juniors and seniors in any 
major field who have at least a 2.5 average, have had the 
basic courses in American national government, and are 
recommended by the chairman of the Department of His- 
tory and Political Science. 1\vo students from the college 
will be selected each November by American University to 
participate in the following spring semester. Students in 
the program have the same status as full-time undergrad- 
uates at American University and will receive full credit for 
one semester's work toward their degree at Lebanon Valley 
Adviser: Dr. Ceffen 

There are a number of academic procedures necessary to ensure that all students are given 
every opportunity to take courses which contribute to their total educational program. 

Preregistration and Registration courses on designated days of each semester. These dates 

Students are required to preregister and register for are listed in the official college calendar. 


Acad. Procedures 51 

Late Preregistration and Registration 

Students preregistering or registering later than the 
days and hours specified will be charged a fee of $10.(10. 
Students desiring to register later than one week after the 
opening of the semester will be admitted only hy special 
permission of the registrar. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, 
changes of course hours credit, changes from credit to 
audit and vice versa, must be approved hy signature of the 
adviser. In most instances registration for a course will not 
be permitted after the course has been in session for one 
full week. With the permission of the adviser, a student 
may withdraw from a course at any time through the last 
day of semester classes (see grading policy). A fee of SlO.flO 
is charged for every change of course made at the students 
request after registration. 

Discontinuance of Courses 

The college reserv'es the right to withdraw or discon- 
tinue any course for which an insufficient number of stu- 
dents has registered. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student may repeat as often as desired, for a higher 
grade, a previously taken course, subject to the following 
provisions: the course must have been taken in all registra- 
tions on campus and/or in courses staffed by the college at 
the University Center at Harrisburg. Semester hours credit 
are given only once. The grade received each time taken is 
computed in the semester grade-point average. The higher 
or highest grade is used to compute the cumulati\'e grade- 
point a\'erage. Each semester grade report will show hours 
credit each time passed, but the total hours toward degree 
will he equal only to the semester hours credit for the 
course. For a course previously passed P F, the grade re- 
ceix'ed in the subsequent registration for regular grade is 
the "higher grade." Each grade received remains on the 
permanent record card and a notation is made thereon that 
the course has been repeated. 

Concurrent Courses 

.A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley Col- 

lege may not carry courses concurrently at any other insti- 
tution or in Weekend College or the University Center at 
Harrisburg without prior consent of his adviser and the 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may 
not obtain credit for courses taken in other colleges, in- 
cluding the University Center at Harrisburg, during the 
summer unless such courses have prior approval of his 
adviser and the registrar. 

Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with approval 
of the academic adviser. Audited courses are counted in 
considering the course load relative to limit of hours (ov- 
erload). The regular tuition fee is charged to part-time 
students. Neither grade nor credit is given either at the 
time the course is audited or thereafter. A grade of .AU 
(audit) will not he entered on the student's permanent 
record card if he seldom attended classes. .A change of 
registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit 
must he accomplished by the end of the fifth week of se- 
mester classes. 

Arrangement of Schedules 

Each student arranges a semester program of courses 
in consultation with, and by approval of. his faculty adviser. 
Students already in attendance do this during preregistra- 
tion periods. New students accomplish this on orientation 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full-time, a student must take at 
least twelve semester hours of work. Sixteen semester 
hours of academic work is the maximum permitted without 
approval of the adviser and special permission of the regis- 
trar. Audited courses are counted in determining the course 
load, but physical education and RSS 110 (Reading and 
Study Skills) are not. 

Academic Classification 

students are classified academically at the beginning 
of each year. Membership in the sophomore, junior or se- 
nior classes is granted to students who ha\'e earned a min- 
imum of 28. 56 or 84 academic semester hours credit 

tive Regtda- 

52 Admin. Reg. 

The njles of the college are designed to provide for proper regulation of the academic 
community. The rules and regulations as stated in this bulletin are announcements and in no 
way serve as a contract between the student and the college. Attendance at the college is a 
privilege and not a right. The student by his act of registration concedes to the college the right 
to require his withdrawal any time deemed necessary to safeguard the ideals of scholarship and 
character, and to secure compliance with regulations. It is expected that the conduct of all 
campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. All students are required to respond to 
communications sent by any duly constituted authority of the college. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Instances of open and conclusive academic dishonesty 
are dealt with in accordance with the following regulations: 
for the first offense the facult>' member shall have the au- 
thority to fail the student in the course; for the second 
offense the student shall be failed in the course and addi- 
tional action taken, up to and including expulsion from 
college, if deemed warranted by the dean of the faculty: for 
the third offense, if the second act of dishonesty did not 
warrant expulsion in the opinion of the dean of the faeultv', 
the student shall be failed in the course and expelled from 
the college. 


Each student, former student, or graduate is entitled 
to one transcript of his college record without charge. For 
each copy after the first, a fee of two dollars is charged. 

Regulations Regarding Academic 
Probation, Suspension, Dismissal, 

A. Probation 

A student can be placed on academic probation by the 
dean of the faculty or suspended or dismissed if his 
academic standing fails to come up to the grade-point av- 
erage shown in the following table: 

Suspension or 
Probation dismissal 

1st semester 1.25 

2nd semester 1.50 1.25 cumulative 

3rd semester 1.65 

4th semester 1.75 1.50 cumulative 

5th semester 1.75 

6th semester 1.75 1.65 cumulative 

7th & 8th semesters 1.75 in all courses 

A student placed oft academic probation is notified of 
such status by the dean of the faculty and in- 
formed of the college regulations governing probationers. 
Students on probation are expected to regulate their work 
and their time so as to make a most determined effort to 
bring their performance up to the required standard. 

B. Suspension 

1. A student who obviously fails to achieve at a level 
commensurate with his measured ability may he suspended 
for at least one semester. 

2. A student suspended for academic reasons is not 
eligible for reinstatement for at least one semester, prefer- 
ably two. 

3. A student seeking reinstatement to Lebanon Valley 
College must apply in writing to the dean of the faculty. 

4. Students suspended for academic reasons are not 
permitted to register for work in the auxiliary schools ex- 
cept for the most compelling reasons and then only with 
the approval of the registrar. 

5. A student may be suspended without a prior period 
on probation. 

6. A student twice suspended for academic reasons 
shall be considered for readmission, upon application, only 
if the following conditions are fulfilled: (a) He shall present 
firm evidence of renewed interest and motivation, (b) He 
shall have completed a significant amount of transferrable 
academic work at an accredited institution subsequent to 
his second suspension, (c) He shall be readmitted on pro- 
bationary status on recommendation of the appropriate ac- 
ademic department. The student shall achieve at such a 
level as will make likely the successful completion of this 
program or he will be subject to dismissal. 

C. Dismissal 

A student dismissed for academic reasons is not eligi- 
ble for readmission. 

D. Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

Official withdrawal from the college is accomplished 
only by the completion of withdrawal forms obtained from 
the registrar. This is the sole responsibility of the student. 

Application for readmission will be considered only if 
the formal withdrawal procedure has been followed at the 
time of withdrawal. 

Class Attendance 

Each student is held responsible for knowing and 
meeting all requirements for each course, including regular 
class attendance. Because of differences in various disci- 
plines, specific regulations governing class attendance are 
set by each department, approved by the dean of the faculty, 
and administered by the instructor. At the opening of each 
course the instructor will clearly inform students of class 
attendance regulations. Violations of regulations will make 
the student liable to being dropped from the course with a 
failing grade, upon the recommendation of the instructor 
and with the approval of the registrar 

In case of a short absence from class because of illness 
and for most other reasons, the student speaks directly with 
the instructor concerning the absence, whether anticipated 
or not, even if an examination has been scheduled. The 
student informs the registrar only if the absence could not 
be anticipated and the period of absence will be a week or 
more. The registrar informs facultv' members of students 
who will be absent from classes because of participation in 
official functions of the college. Students on academic pro- 
bation are permitted only excused absences. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the 
necessity of fulfilling all course requirements. 


Hazing is strictly prohibited. Any infringement by 
members of other classes upon the personal rights of fresh- 
men as individuals is interpreted as hazing. 

Cars and Student Parking 

All cars owned or operated by Lebanon Valley College 
students must be registered. Violations of established park- 
ing regulations will result in fines and may result in sus- 
pension or revocation of parking privileges. 

Admin. Reg. 53 

Courses of Stuc^y 


The number of credits that a specific course carries is also indicated in italics at the end of the 
course description. Some courses carry variable credit. Some courses carry no credit. Some 
courses require both classroom and laboratory work. Some courses may be taken more than 
once for credit (i.e., most independent study courses, some special topics courses, and others) 
and are so indicated in italics (e.g., 1-3 credits per semester. Maximum of 9). Students should 
consult registration schedules for hour requirements. 


Not all courses are offered each year. Some courses are offered on demand only. Students 
should consult registration schedules for each semester's course offerings. 

General In- 


Some courses require prerequisites which are designated in italics at the end of the course 


All departments may offer Special Topics courses in their curricula. These courses are 
intended to enrich the departments' programs by providing opportunities for the study of 
subjects which, while not normally dealt with in regular courses, are worthy of inclusion in a 
liberal arts education. Since the content and credit varies, students should consult a registration 
schedule to ascertain current offerings. 


The first digit of the course number indicates the academic year in which the course is 
normally taken. (A first digit of 1 may also indicate that the course may be taken by freshmen 
even though it is usually taken by sophomores, juniors or seniors.) A first digit of 5 is used for 
courses in private music instruction and independent study courses. Course numbers for music 
organizations begin with 6. 

A course is offered in the first semester if the third digit is an odd number, in the second 
semester if it is an even number. A course with as a third digit is a one-semester course offered 
in either or both semesters. 

A comma separating the numbers of two courses with a common title indicates that the first 
course (offered in the first semester) is a prerequisite to the second course (offered in the second 
semester). A slash ( / ) separating the numbers of two courses with a common title indicates 
that the first course is not a prerequisite for the second course. 


(See Business Mmmistration) 


(See Mathematical Sciences) 

Courses of Study 55 

J^j^ The Art Department, although not constituted as a department offering a major, is committed 

to providing the opportunity and the environment for creative expression and a richer under- 
standing of man's accomplishments in the visual arts. Exposure to art as an area of humanistic 
study can develop qualities of insight, imagination, awareness, organization, self-discipline and 
initiative that are an asset to the individual generally, and to whatever professional career a 
student may pursue. 

The Art Department is responsible, along with student committees and community mem- 
bers, in coordinating the annual Spring Arts Festival on campus. 

The monthly College Center Art Exhibit series, under the Art Department's aegis, provides a 
broad exposure to artists working in a variety of styles and content. 

Courses in Art 

110. Introduction to Art. The bvo and three dimen- 
sional arts, including architecture, are analyzed in an at- 
tempt to understand the nature of art. The importance of 
shaping perception is stressed to show how the observer 
plays an acti\'e role in his appreciation of art. 3 credits. 
140. Drawing, Painting and Printmaking. Problems 
provide an opportunity for students to develop their creative 
ability. Knowledge is acquired about various media, tech- 
niques and tools. The staff reserves the right to select one 
example of each student's work for its permanent collec- 
tion. Prerequisite: Art ilO. 3 credits. 
201. Art History I, Pre-history through the Middle 
Ages. Representative examples in painting, sculpture and 
architecture of the major cultures of successive historic 
periods are considered. Stress is given to the interaction of 
factors influencing the various forms of visual expressions. 
Prerequisite: Art 110. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II, Renaissance to IVventieth Cen- 
tury. Study of the major forms of the visual arts represen- 
tative of the Renaissance and succeeding centuries as ex- 
pressed both by the individual and major schools. These 
viewed in terms of degree of reflection of the social, ideo- 
logical, and economic foci of the period. Prerequisite: Art 
110. 3 credits. 

401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction to 
creative art activity for children in elementary school. Top- 
ics covered include philosophical concepts, curriculum, 
evaluation and studio activity involving a variety of art me- 
dia, techniques and processes. 3 credits. 



The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program which provides an opportunity for 
interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the chemical basis of biological 
processes. It is designed to prepare students for advanced study in medical, dental, and other 
professional schools, for graduate programs in a variety of areas including biochemistry, clinical 
chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, and physiology, and for 
research positions in industrial, academic, and government laboratories. 

Departmental honors may be taken in either biology or chemistry. 


Degree: B.S. degree with a major in biochemistry. 

Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 202 and/or 307, 306, 401 (24 hours); Biochemistrv 421, 422, 
430, 480 (9 hours): Chemisto' HI. 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216, 311, 312, 319, 323, (29 
or 30 hours); Mathematics 161, 162 or 166 (6 hours); Physics 103 or 111, 104 or 112 (8 hours). 

Courses in Biochemistry 

421, 422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physical 480. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, 

and organic aspects of living systems. Prerequisites: Chem- and reports on special topics in biochemisti-y. / credit, 

istry 214. 216. and 312 or approval of the departmental 500. Independent Study. Intensive lihrarv and lahora- 

chairmen. 3 credits per semester. tory study of rele\'ant research problems in the area of 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Inx'estigations of the biocUemislry. Prerequisites or corequisites: Chemistri/ 311. 

properties of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and 312. and the consent of the departmental chairmen. 2-3 

lipids. Prerequisites: Chemistry 214. 216. 1 credit. credits per semester (Maximum of 9). 

The aims of the program for biology majors are 1) to provide students with a thorough 
understanding of the principles of biology and background in disciplines basic to biology; 2) to 
develop in students skills in the application of the scientific method and in the retrieval and 
communication of technical information; and, 3) to provide preparation for students interested 
in graduate, professional and medical programs. 

The department believes that a student, well trained in all areas of science and having an 
understanding of mathematical methods, chemical techniques and biological theory, has the 
best chance for success in gaining employment and/or pursuing graduate work. 

Graduates of the department have entered professional schools of the health professions, as 
well as graduate schools with programs in anatomy, hospital management, various ecology 
concentrations and wildlife management, to name a few. Graduates of the environmental biology 
concentrations are employed in the areas of marine biology, waste water analysis and environ- 
mental impact analysis. Graduate schools represented include Cornell, Clemson, Duke, Univer- 
sity of Georgia, Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences and many others. 

Students who do not attend graduate or professional school find employment in university 
and medical research laboratories, aquaculture programs, ecological consulting firms, environ- 
mental educational centers, pharmaceutical firms, quality control in laboratories in industry, 
private and public education, veterinary laboratories, and state and federal environmental control 


Specific professional and preprofessional programs are available which can be entered before or 
after a typical freshman year as a biology major. A list of these programs together with the 
degrees and majors follow. 

Cooperative Programs: Forestry and Environmental Studies; B.S. degree with a major in 
biology and MF or MEM. Medical Technology: B.S. in Medical Technology degree. Nuclear 
Medicine Technology: B.S. degree with a major in nuclear medicine technology. Podiatry; B.S. 
degree with a major in biology, and DPM. 

Environmental Biology: Botany and zoology, ecology, and marine biology. B.S. degree with 

a major in biology. Biology 57 

Health Professions: DentistiT. Medicine. Optometn', Osteopathy, Pharmaa', Podiatry and 
Veterinary Medicine. B.S. degree with a major in biology (or other major). 

Nursing: A B.S. degree with a major in nursing. 

Secondaiy Teacher Certification: A program accredited by the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania is a\'ailable. B.S. degree with a major in biologv'. 


Internships with qualified professionals in a student's area of interest are taken under Bi 451/ 
452, Special Topics I, II. Currently, positions are available in consen'ation, environmental edu- 
cation, veterinary medicine, and water quality control. Additional internships may be developed 
upon demand. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in biology. 

Major: Biology 111, 112, 201, 302 or 307, 411 or 412; one course each in the general areas 
of physiology, cellular and subcellular biology, and moi-phology: and four additional hours of 
biology for a minimum of 33 hours. Also required are two years of chemistry; Physics 103, 104, 
or 111, 112: and Mathematics 161 or 111. 

58 Biology 

Courses in Biology 

101/102. Introduction to Biology I, II. These courses, 
designed tor the non-science major, place emphasis on the 
masten.' of certain biological principles which are inherent 
in living material. These principles are then applied to spe- 
cific organisms with special stress placed on the study of 
human biolog\'. The lahoratop.' includes exercises in anat- 
omy, physiology. emhr\'ology, genetics, and ecology. Unless 
otherwise noted. Biology 111:112 are prerequisites for all 
courses beyond the Biology 112 level. 3 credits per semes- 

111/112. General Biology I, II. .\ rigorous study of 
basic biological principles at the cellular, organismal and 
population levels. 4 credits per semester. 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms 
and concepts of classical and molecular genetics. The labo- 
rator\' stresses the demonstration of the key concepts of 
heredibi' utilizing both a classical and molecular approach. 
Prerequisites: Biology 111 and one year of chemistry. 4 

202. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles of 
vertebrate body function. Emphasis is placed upon the 
mechanisms by which cells and organs perform their func- 
tions and the interaction of the various organs in maintain- 
ing total body function. F^erequisites: Biology 101 or 112. 
4 credits. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development 
and diversity of plants and the relationships between them. 
Field and laboratory work will familiarize the student with 
the morphology of plants and with the identification of 
flowering plants in the local flora. Prerequisite: Biology 112 
or permission of instructor 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic de- 
scriptive phenomena in the development of typical inverte- 
brate and \'ertebrate embryos will be extended into consid- 
eration of modern embn'ological problems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. Mi- 
croscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues illustrating basic 
tissue similarities and specialization in relation to function. 
The laboratory work includes the preparation of slides util- 
izing routine histological and histochemical techniques. 4 




1 i^^H 

306. Microbiolo^. A study of the morphiology. ph\'siol- 
ogy. and hiochemistry of representatix'e microorganisms. 
Prerequisite: Three semesters of chemistry. 4 credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of 
plants with emphasis on vascular plants. Prerequisite: Three 
semesters of chemistry or permission of the instructor 4 

308. Comparative Chordate Anatomy. The compara- 
tive anatomy of chordates with particular attention given 
to the correlation of structure to hahitat. Laboraton,' work 
involves dissection and demonstration ot representative 
chordates. i credits. 

309. Fundamentals of Ecology. The fundamental con 
cepts of ecology are examined with emphasis placed on the 
interaction heUveen organisms and their biological and 
ph\'sical environment in selected ecosystems — freshwater, 
marine, and terrestrial. 4 credits. 

400. Internship. Provides on-site research and study op- 
portunities in medical research, veterinaiT medicine and 
applied ecology (conservation, forestiT, and water qualit>' 
control). Prerequisite: Permission of the staff. 1-4 credits 
per semester 

401. Cell Physiology. The functioning of cells. Knerget- 
ics. mechanisms and control of cell transport, metabolism, 
and irritability. Includes biological rhythms and photophy- 
siology. Prerequisite: Three semesters of chemistry or per- 
mission of the instructor 4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. Representati\'es of most of 
the invertebrate phyla are studied with a ph\'logenetic ap- 
proach, concentrating on movement, metabolism, infor- 

mation and control, reproduction and association between 
animals. 4 credits. 

409. Quantitative Ecology. .An intense stud\' of basic 
ecological processes emphasizing quantitative field work at 
population and community levels in selected freshwater, 
marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisite: Permis- 
sion of the instructor 4 credits. 

411/412. Biology Seminar I, II. Reading, discussions, 
and reports on special topics in biology. 1 or 2 credits per 

451/452. Special Problems I, II. Provides a range of 
topics for individual students with special interests not cov- 
ered in formal courses. Prerequisite: Permission of the 
staff. 1-3 credits per semester. 

453/454. Special Topics in Nursing I, II. Research 
and a detailed report on a topic of interest relating to the 
nursing profession. Topics may include aspects of special 
types of nursing health care, the epidemiology of a partic- 
ular disease, mental disorders, social issues in health care, 
or any other pertinent topic. Prerequisite: Permission of 
the instructor 1-3 credits per semester. (Ma.ximum of 61. 
500. Independent Study. Limited to students majoring 
in biolog>' who have had ample courses in the department 
and whose records indicate that they can be encouraged to 
take part in research or can work independently on re- 
search problems in which they have a special interest. Bi- 
ology 500 may lead to departmental honors for qualified 
students. Prerequisite: Permission of staff. 1-3 credits per 
semester (Maximum of 9). 

In keeping with tire aim of the college, the Department of Business Administration's program 
of study is designed to provide majors in accounting, business administration, and economics 
with a broad liberal education, so that graduates of the department will play a more active role in 
the changing world of ideas and actions, coupled with a sound and integrated knowledge of the 
essential principles and problems of accounting, business administration and economics. 

Regardless of major, a set of core courses is required for all, so that everyone will have a 
common framework of reference as well as common tools of analysis to pursue special interests 
within their particular major The depaitment offers three majors: accounting — a tool for 
analyzing business performance and making practical management decisions; business admin- 
istration — a study to prepare for making management decisions and to gain an understanding 
of contemporary business practices; and economics — a theoretical and empirical study of the 
economic well-being of mankind and society in terms of stable growth in real income, full 
employment, and optimum allocation of resources. 

Classroom experience is supplemented by various major-related activities including an annual 
field trip for departmental upperclassmen to New York and Washington financial and business 

Business Ad- 

Business Admin. 59 

centers: internships for qualified upperclassmen in local business and industry; and special 
projects involving both primary and secondary research methods as well as computer assisted 

Majors in accounting can look forward to professions in the areas of public accounting, taxes, 
government, banking, financial analysis, corporate accounting, not-for-profit accounting, teach- 
ing, consulting, and systems analysis. 

Majors in business administration may seek employment in consulting, retailing, productive 
management, government, wholesale and distribution, advertising, transpoitation, and teach- 

Majors in economics anticipate careers in government, banking, public utilities, teaching, 
and industry. 

A number of graduates of all three majors attend graduate and professional schools, and work 
in a variety of businesses and industn' including Aetna Life Insurance, DuPont, Reliance Insur- 
ance, and AMP, Inc. Other students work for a number of small accounting firms, banks, family- 
owned businesses or are self-employed. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in accounting or business administration or economics. 

Majors: (Core Courses) Accounting 151, 152: Business Administration 180: Economics 
110, 120, 201, 222: Accounting or Business Administration or Economics 490: a Computer/ 
Computer Applications course: Mathematics 160, 170: and English 215. 

(Accounting or Business Administration) Core courses plus Business Administration 
361 and 15 additional credits in the particular major area for a minimum of 54 hours. 

(Economics) Core courses plus Economics 203 and 15 additional credits in the major area 
for a minimum of 54 hours. 

Courses in Accounting. 352. Government and Non-Profit Accounting. Basic 

151. Principles of Financial Accounting. A begin- concepts ol fund and budgetaiy accounting used to account 
ning course in accounting. Common business transactions '"'' 'he financial activities of federal, state, and local govern- 
are recorded in various journals and summarized in general rnent units and systems tor achieving accounting and ad- 
and subsidian' ledgers. The effects of these transactions are ministrative controls for seA'ice organizations, such as hos- 
reported in classified financial statements. 3 credits. P'tais. educational institutions, and other non-profit or- 
,_„_. ., -„ ^.i. .. ^n u &in\z'dUoni. Prerequisite: Accounting 152. 3 credits. 

152. Principles of Managerial Accounting. Empha- 
sis IS placed on the accumulation and analysis of financial •*00. Internship. Field experience in a business, govern- 
data for management purposes. Prerequisite: .Accountinq nr^nt o'' other organization in some area of accounting. 
151 3 credits Ordinarily a few juniors will be chosen for the available 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. .\n advanced course 

internships h\' the departmental facult\'. 3-9 credits. 

in accounting principles stressing .statement presentation ^Sl- Individual Income Tax Accounting. Analysis ot 
and valuation problems in presenting assets, liabilities, and the federal income ta.\ laws as they apply to individuals: 
stockholders' equit\' on the statements. Prerequisite: .Ac- case problems, preparation of returns. Prerequisite: .Ac- 
counting 152. 3 credits. counting 152. 3 credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. Emphasis is placed 452. Corporate Income Tax Accounting. .Analysis of 

on the analvsis of financial statements, effects of error on the federal income tax laws as they apply to corporations, 

statements, preparation of funds flow statements, and price partnerships and fiduciaries: case problems, preparation of 

le\'el adjustments. Prerequisite: .Accounting 251. 3 credits. returns. Prerequisite: .Accounting Jjl. 3 credits 

351. Advanced Accounting. Includes a study of part- ^SS. Cost Accounting. Emphasis is placed on costing 

nerships, installment sales, consignment sales, home/branch fof planning and control, including cost-\'olume-profit 

office relationships, business combinations, special prob- analysis, bu_dgeting and inventory control. PrfregMi/fe-.-lc- 

lems of consolidations, foreign subsidiaries and branches, counting 152. 3 credits. 

and fiduciary accounting. Prerequisite: .Accounting 252. 3 454. Advanced Cost and Managerial Accounting. 

60 Business Admin. credits. Topics to be covered include capital budgeting, standard 

costing, relevant costs, joint and by-product costing. Pre- 
requisite: Accounting 453. 3 credits. 
455. Auditing. Involves a study of professional ethics and 
legal responsibilities of public accountants, generally ac- 
cepted accounting principles, and auditing procedures. Pre- 
requisite: Accounting 252. 3 credits. 
490. Seminar and Special Problems. A capstone 
course involving a computer simulation that integrates the 
concepts of accounting, economics, and business adminis- 
tration. Financial statement preparation is an essential seg- 
ment of the course. Required of all accounting majors. 
Prerequisites: Business Administration 361. Accounting 
252. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for students 
in the departmental honors program and other qualified 
students who wish to undertake the independent stud\' in 
a specific area of accounting. 1-6 credits. 

Courses in Business Administration 

100. Introduction to Business. An orientation to the 
nature and environment of business, its structure, organi- 
zation, functions and opportunities. Provides an integrated 
framework for further study in accounting, finance, mar- 
keting, and management. ISot open to seniors.) 3 credits. 
180. Principles of Management. A study of the pro- 
cess of utilizing and coordinating all available resources in 
order to achieve the objectives of a business, governmental, 
educational, social, or religious organization. Includes dis- 
cussions and cases on decision making, planning, organiz- 
ing, staffing, motivation, leadership, control, and commu- 
nication. 3 credits. 

241. Insurance I. Insurance principles and coverages 
available for the protection of property and liability losses, 
fidelity and sureU' bonding. 3 credits. 

242. Insurance II. Introduction to principles and meth- 
ods of handling business and personal risks with emphasis 
on life, health, and social insurance techniques. 3 credits. 
250. Real Estate I. Examination of real estate and the 
market forces affecting it; finance, sales and brokerage op- 
erations. 3 credits. 

280. Small Business Administration. The pros and 
cons of a small business, including the legal and tax rami- 
fications. Prerequisites: .Accounting 152. Business .Admin- 
istration ISO. 3 credits. 

282. Marketing. A study of the marketing system within 
an economy in terms of an efficient use of resources and 
the distribution from producers to consumers according to 
the objectives of the societx" performance of business activ- 
ities to direct the flow of goods and sen'ices to satisfy' 
customer needs. Includes market research, product devel- 
opment, packaging, distribution, promotional activities, 
sales management, and price policy. To bridge the gap be- 
tween the understanding and the application of marketing 
principles, students are required to prepare and discuss a 
number of cases pertaining to some specific areas of mar- 
keting. Prerequisite: Business Administration 180. 3 cred- 


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'"^-'•--JJ^^ «...>«« 

290. Personnel Administration. Examination of the 
problems in effectively selecting, utilizing, developing, and 
managing human resources from the viewpoint of the total 
organization. Prerequisites: Business .Administration 180. 
3 credits. 

350. Behavioral Theory in Management. A detailed 
study of organizational behavior theories and models with 
an emphasis upon the practical application of these models 
toward improving individual, group and organizational per- 
formance. 3 credits. 

361. Corporation Finance. A study of financial man- 
agement covering analysis of asset, liability and capital re- 
lationships and operations; management of current assets, 
working capital, cash, liquid assets, receivables, inventory; 
capital planning and budgeting; capital structure and divi- 
dend policy; short and intermediate term financing; long 
term financing, external and internal: mergers and acqui- 
sitions; multinational operations; and corporate failures and 
liquidation. Prerequisite: Accounting 152. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. De\'elopment and role of investment 
and its relation to other economic, legal, and social insti- 
tutions. Includes discussion of investment principles, ma- 
chinery, policy, and management: types of im'estment, and 
the development of portfolios for individuals and institu- 
tions. Prerequisite: Business .Administration 361. 3 credits. 
371/372. Business Law I, II. Elementai-y principles of 
law as they relate to the field of business. Contracts, agency, 
employment, commercial paper, personal property, sales, 
security, devices, insurance, partnerships, corporation, real 
estate, estates, bankruptcy, and government regulations are 
discussed. 3 credits per semester. 

Business Admin. 6 1 

62 Business Admin. 

376. International Business Management. A study 
of the management techniques and procedures necessan' 
in international and multinational organizations. Prerequi- 
site: BA 282. 3 credits. 

381. Marketing Management. Market-oriented prob- 
lems of firms; identification and selection of market oppor- 
tunities; formulation of competitive strategies; marketing 
policies and programs. Prerequisite: Business .Administra- 
tion 282. 3 credits. 

384. Marketing Research. Research in the marketing 
decision-making process. Scientific method, problem delin- 
eation, research design, data collection techniques, product 
development. Prerequisite: Business .Administration 282. 3 

386. Principles of Advertising and Retail Manage- 
ment. A promotional tool in marketing, creative elements, 
media, effectiveness, integration within the marketing plan. 
Analysis of retail institutions with regard to market struc- 
ture, merchandise selection, locational selection, competi- 
tive factors and marketing strategy Prerequisite: Business 
.Administration 282. 3 credits. 

393. Operations Management. Methods for analyzing 
alternatives aimed at optimizing scarce resources. Empha- 
sis in standards, measures, processes, and systems. Prereq- 
uisite: Economics 222. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, govern- 
ment or other organization in some area of business admin- 
istration. Ordinarily a few juniors will be chosen for the 
available internships bv the departmental {xxA^'. 3-9 cred- 

450. Business Strategy. .\ capstone course to enable 
the mature student to interpret business policies and strat- 
egies in light of the larger environment and dernands of 
profitabilibi'. social responsibility and individual rights as 
required in the successful management of a company in- 
stitution or organization. 3 credits. 
490. Seminar and Special Problems. Reading, dis- 
cussion, and research in business administration under the 
direction and supen'ision of the departmental staff. Re- 
quired of all business administration majors. Prerequisite: 
Business .Admiyiistration 361. 3 credits per semester 
500. Independent Study. .A course designed for students 
in the departmental honors program and other qualified 
students who wish to undertake independent study in a 
specific area of business administration. 1-6 credits per 

Courses in Economics 

110. Principles of Economics I. .An introductory study 
of economic principles and the American economy with 
emphasis on the elemental^ concepts of national income, 
price level, business fluctuations, banking activities, money 
suppK', and economic growth. 3 credits. 
120. Principles of Economics II. An introductory 
study of economic principles and the American economy 

with emphasis on the elementary concepts of consumption 
function, production function, product pricing, factor pric- 
ing, resource allocation, labor economics, public finance, . 
and international economics. 3 credits. I 

130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and eco- 
nomic analysis of public issues. 3 credits. 
181. Consumer Behavior. A study of the reciprocal 
effects of economics and behavior with particular emphasis 
upon moti\'ational factors in economic behavior. 3 credits. 
201. Microeconomic Analysis. Economic decision- 
making of firms and resource allocation of an economy; a 
core course studying tools of analysis for students in eco- 
nomics, business, accounting, and related areas or disci- 
plines. 3 credits. 

203. Macroeconomic Analysis. Theoretical and empir- 
ical stud\' of national income and business cycles, 3 credits. 
222. Quantitative Methods. Development and applica- 
tion of mathematical concepts and statistical methods to 
the analysis of theor\' and the resolution of problems in 
economics and business administration. Prerequisite: 6 
credits of math courses satisfactorij to the Department. 
301. Labor Economics and Industrial Relations. 
Theoretical analysis of labor market functioning including 
impact of unionism, government policy, demographic trends, 
etc.; human capital theory; measurement of the labor force 
and data sources; histor>' of the American labor mox'ement; 
U.S. legislation affecting industrial relations; collective bar- i 
gaining process and the system of industrial jurisprudence. I 
Prerequisite: Economics 201 or permission of the instruc- I 
tor 3 credits. | 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of 
money and credit. Development and role of commercial 
banking and central banking. Structure and functions of 
the Federal Reserv'e System. Monetary and banking theoiy, 
policy, and practice. Influence on prices, level of income 
and employment and economic stability and progress. 3 

321. Public Finance. Revenues and expenditures and 
economic functioning of the federal, state, and local gov- 
ernments; principles of ta.\ation-shifting, incidence, and 
burden; influence on incentives, income distribution, and 
resource allocation; economic and social aspects of public 
spending; budgetary control and debt management; fiscal 
policy and economic stability. 3 credits. 
332. International Economics. A study of theories and 
empirical analysis of international trade; capital movement; 
mechanism for attaining equilibrium; economic policies 
such as tariff, quota, monetar>' standards and exchange 
rate, state trading, cartel, and other international economic 
agreements, 3 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, govern- 
ment or other organization in some area of economics. 
Ordinarily a few juniors will be chosen for the available 
internships by the departmental faculty, 3-9 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of 
economic thought through the principal schools from mer- 

cantilism to the present. Attention will be given to the 
analysis of the various theories of value, wages, interest, 
rent, profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, 
and to the influences of earlier economic ideas upon cur- 
rent thinking and policy-making. 3 credits. 
411. Economic Growth and Development. Analysis 
of classical and modern theories and models of economic 
growth; study of theory and implications of alternative de- 
velopment policies. 3 credits. 

490. Seminar and Special Problems. Reading, dis- 
cussion, and research in economics under the direction 
and supervision of the departmental staff. Required of all 
economics majors. Prerequisite: Economics 201 or 202. 3 
credits per semester 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for students 
in the departmental honors program and other qualified 
students who wish to undertake independent study in a 
specific area of economics. 1-6 credits per semester. 

The aims of the Department of Chemistry are to provide students majoring in chemistry with 
rigorous training in the principles and applications of modern chemistry. 

The Department of Chemistry offers two degrees for students who major in chemistry: the 
Bachelor of Science degree with a major in chemistry and the Bachelor of Science in chemistry 
degree which meets the requirements of the American Chemical Society for the training of 
chemists for industry and for advanced study in chemistry. Both degree programs offer the 
necessary preparation for students to become industrial chemists; to enter masters and doctor- 
ate programs in chemistry and related fields; to enroll in professional schools of medicine, 
dentistry, optometry, osteopathic medicine, or podiatry; or to teach chemistry. 

The chemistry courses are designed to present the interaction of theoretical and experimental 
chemistry. In all laboratory courses, special emphasis is given to the use of instrumentation 
including extensive instruction in computer programming and interfacing. A required indepen- 
dent study course for senior chemistry majors is designed for the investigation of basic or applied 
research problems involving both library research and laboratory work. Opportunities are avail- 
able for all students to do additional laboratory work in conjunction with their chemistry 

During their college careers, students have many opportunities to work independently. Some 
students participate in research programs funded by such organizations as the Petroleum 
Research FUnd or Research Corporation. These students often become coauthors on research 
papers published in the chemical journals in addition to presenting papers at student research 

There are also opportunities for some students to gain practical work experience in local 
industries such as Alcoa and Michter Distilleries. Such experience during college prepares 


Chemistry 63 

students for entering industrv' and government service upon graduation. Recent graduates have 
accepted positions witli such industries as General Electric, American Cyanamid, Borg-Wkrner, 
and Sterling Drugs. 

Our graduates have also enrolled in such institutions as Temple University Medical School, 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia College of Osteopathy, the School of Medicine of the 
University of Pittsburgh, the University of Pennsylvania Dental School. Philadelphia School of 
Pharmacy, the Medical College of Pennsylvania, and Philadelphia College of Podiatry. 

Graduate programs in which recent chemistry graduates have enrolled include Arizona State 
University (physical chemistry), Drexel University (inorganic chemistry), Indiana University at 
Bloomington (organic), Lehigh University. Michigan State University, Ohio State University and 
University of Florida (biochemistrv'). Northwestern University' (business administration, physical 
chemistry), Pennsylvania State University (environmental engineering), Purdue University (an- 
alytical chemistr>'). University of California at Berkeley (physical chemistry). University of Cali- 
fornia at Los Angeles (computer science). University of Maryland (environmental chemistry). 
University of Pennsylvania (physical chemistn' and biochemisti-y), University of Pittsburgh 
(biochemistry and forensic chemistr\'). and the University of Wisconsin (theoretical mathemat- 

Degrees: B.S. degree with a major in chemistry. B.S. in Chemistry degree (American 
Chemical Societv certification) 

Major: Chemistrv 111 (or 115H), 112, 113, 114, 200. 213, 214, 216, 311, 312, 314, 315, 
316, 319, 321, 322, and four hours of 500; Mathematics 161, 162; Physics 111 and 112 for a 
total of 53 hours. 

B.S. in Chemistrv (certified by the American Chemical Societv): Chemistry 111. (or 115H), 

112. 113, 114, 200. 213, 214, 216, 311. 312, 314, 315. 316. 319. 321, 322, 411. 412. 413, 414, 
and 4 hours of 500; Mathematics 161 , 162; Physics 111 and 1 12 for a total of 65 hours. 

Courses in Chemistry 

101. chemistry as Science and Technology. A semi- spectively. Prerequisite or corequisite: Chemistry 111 and/ 
quantitative presentation of the basic concepts of chemistn' or 112. 1 credit per semester. 

designed to give the student some understanding of the 2OO. Special Topics. Designed for those students who 

role of chemistn.' as science and technology in society' today have a special need for a laboratory, lecture, and/or reading 

and tomorrow. 3 credits. experience involving content andor approach significantly 

102. Chemistry, The Individual, and Society. The different from the course offerings of the department. Open 
course will attempt to show the relationship of chemistry to any student with permission of staff of the department, 
to other disciplines, as well as to government and politics. 1-3 credits. 

A problem or question would be presented, and facts and 213, 214. Organic Chemistry I, II. An introduction 

information from pertinent disciplines brought to bear to to the structure, nomenclature, and properties of the major 

enable the students to reach a rational solution. 3 credits. classes of organic compounds with emphasis on the prin- 

103. 104. Experimental Chemistry. Laboraton' course ciples and reaction mechanisms describing their behavior, 
to accompany 101 and 102 respectively. fr<?re?u;5;te or cor- Prerequisite: Chemistry 112. 4 credits first semester. 3 
equisite: Chemistry 101 and or 102. 1 credit per semester credits second semester 

111, 112. Principles of Chemistry I, II. A systematic 215, 216. Laboratory Investigations I, II. Investiga- 

study of the fundamental principles and concepts of chem- tions of methods of synthesis and analysis of organic com- 

istn'. 4 credits per semester pounds including some physical-organic studies. Prerequi- 

113, 114. Introductory Laboratory Investigations site: Chemistry 213. Corequisite: Chemistry 214. 1 or 2 
64 Chemistry I, if. Laboratory courses to accompany 111 and 112 re- credits. 

311, 312. Physical Chemistry I, II. A course in the 
physical theories of matter and their applications to sys- 
tems of variable composition. Prerequisites: Chemistry 214. 
Mathematics 162. and Physics 112. 3 credits per semester 

314. Instrumental Analysis. A consideration of the use 
of instrumental analytical methods including spectropho- 
tometric, electroanalytical, coulometry. and polargraphy. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 311 and 319. Corequisite: Chem- 
istry 312. 3 credits. 

315, 316. Laboratory Investigations II, III. Use of 
instrumental techniques for investigating chemical sys- 
tems. Prerequisites: Chemistry 214 and 216. Corequisites: 
Chemistry 311. 312. 1 credit per semester 

319. Chemical Equilibria. A rigorous mathematical de- 
scription of the role of a chemical equilibrium in chemical 
systems emphasizing reactions involving ionic substances 
and using modern analytical methods. Prerequisites: 
Chemistry 214 and 216. 4 credits. 
321, 322. Laboratory Investigations IV, V. 
Physical-chemical investigations of chemical systems. Cor- 
equisite: Chemistry 311 or 312. 1 credit per semester. 
323. Chemical Equilibria Laboratory. A laboratory 
study of the application of equilibrium concepts to chemical 
systems. Corequisite: Chemistry 319. 1 credit. 
411, 412. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry I, II. An 
advanced course applying theoretical principles to the un- 
derstanding of the descriptive chemistry of the elements. 
Prerequisite: Chemistry 312. 3 credits per semester. 

413. Advanced Analytical Chemistry. A study of ad- 
vanced topics in analytical chemistrv Prerequisites: Chem- 
istry 312 and 314. 3 credits. 

414. Advanced Organic Chemistry. A consideration of 
the structure of organic compounds and the mechanisms 

of homogeneous organic reactions. Prerequisites: Chemis- 
try 214. 216. and 312. 3 credits. 

421, 422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physical 
and organic aspects of living systems. Prerequisites: Chem- 
istry 214. 216. and 312 or approval of the departmental 
chairman. 3 credits per semester 

425. Qualitative Organic Analysis. Presentation of 
the principles and methods of organic analysis. Prerequi- 
sites: Chemistry 214 and 216. 2 credits. 

426. Advanced Physical Chemistry. A presentation of 
advanced topics in chemistry from such areas as quantum 
mechanics, thermodynamics, and kinetics. Prerequisite: 
Chemistry 312. 3 credits. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the 
properties of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and 
lipids. Prerequisites: Chernistry 214 and 216. 1 credit. 
480. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, 
and reports on special topics in biochemistry. 1 credit. 
490. Internship. Supervised chemistry laboratory exper- 
ience in an industry, government agency, or hospital. Par- 
ticipants will be selected by members of the department. 
Prerequisites: Chemistry 312 and 322. 1-6 credits. 
500. Independent Study. Intensive library and labora- 
tory study of special interest to advanced students in the 
major areas of chemistry'. For students majoring in bio- 
chemistry, intensive library and laboratory study of relevant 
research problems in the area of biochemistry. For students 
preparing for secondary school teaching, the emphasis is 
placed on methods of teaching chemistry. Prerequisites: 
Chemistry 311. 312. and the consent of the chairman of 
the department. 2 or 3 credits per semester, (.'^la.ximum of 
9 for students in honors program). 

Courses in computer programming are offered for the student who may need to use the 
college PDP 1 1/70 computer in courses in business, mathematics and the sciences. 

Courses in Computer Programming 

110. Introduction to Timesharing. 5 weeks. An in- 
troduction to timesharing and language concepts with an 
emphasis on the use of the LVC PDP 11/40 computer sys- 
tem. No credit. 

150. BASIC-PLUS Programming. 10 weeks. A study 
of the BASIC-PLUS language to include strings, matrices 
and functions as well as traditional algorithms demonstrat- 
ing search and sort techniques. Prerequisite: Computer 
Programming 110 or permission of the instructor 1 credit. 
170. Computers and Programming. An introduction 
to the techniques of computer programming and to the 
designs, uses, capabilities, and implications of computers. 
3 credits. Note: Fortran IV is available but will not be 
taught in these courses. Students who have taken CP 150 
will receive only two semester hours of credit for CP 170. 



(See Mathematical Sciences) 

Comp. Programming 65 

Education elementary education 

Students who may be concerned about the oversupply of elementary school teachers should 
be aware that there is always a demand for well-trained and conscientious teachers. The high 
school graduate who enjoys working wth children should be encouraged to participate in 
Lebanon Valley College's teacher training program which includes training in all phases of 
teaching, and sufficient individualized attention to each student for realizing his full potential. 
The elementary education program is field-centered. Students have opportunities both volun- 
tarily and required to work with children in schools throughout their college years. 

As a freshman, a student will spend two hours a week observing and assisting in an elementaiy 
school. As a sophomore, a student gives two volunteer hours a week in assistance in an 
elementary classroom. In a student's junior year, one hour per week is spent tutoring a child or 
a small group of children in reading, as partial requirements for the teaching of reading course. 
TVvo volunteer hours per week of the junior year are spent in assignment as a student aide. 
During the senior year, the first semester is spent in full-time student teaching. The second 
semester provides opportunities to work with nursery school children and with classes for 
exceptional children. 

In the student teaching semester, the careful selection of the cooperating teacher is crucial. 
Every attempt is made to match the student teacher with a cooperating teacher who is compat- 
ible in personality, philosophy, and goals of education. The teacher education program empha- 
sizes the developmental process of the whole student in preparation for teaching the whole child. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in elementary education. 

Major: Elementan- Education 220, 270, 332, 341/342, 344, 361/362, 440, 444: Art 401: 
Geography 111; one of the following: History HI, 112, 125, 126: Psychology 321, for a total of 
51 hours. 

66 Education 

Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. Fundamentals 
of music, varied approaches for developing conceptual 
learning, movement, playing classroom instruments, intro- 
duction of Orff and Kodaly techniques, creative applica- 
tions, guided listening, the child voice, materials for use in 
interest centers in elementary' school, beginning with early 
childhood. 3 credits. 

250. Mathematics for the Elementary Grades. .An 
introduction to the fundamental concepts of mathematics 
taught in early childhood, elementary and middle school. J' 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood 
Education. Study of three differing types of early child- 
hood programs — Montessori. Piaget and Open Classroom — 
including their theories, materials, curricula and methods. 
Course will include held experience in local programs, and 
preparation of a prepared plan for teaching in one type of 
program. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of the literature of 
childhood, including early childhood. Attention is given to 
children's reading interests, criteria and aids in selecting 

materials, a suA'ey of the development of children's litera- 
ture, and the art of stor\'telling. 3 credits. 
332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary 
School. Appropriate teaching methods and materials in 
math and science and their application in the early child- 
hood and elemental' school classroom. Prerequisites: Ele- 
mentary Education 250 and one year of a laboratory sci- 
ence. 3 credits. 

341/342. Teaching of Reading I, II. A study uf the 
problems and procedures of instruction in the development 
of basic reading skills from the readiness programs of Early 
Childhood Education to the more comprehensive tech- 
niques required for the teaching of reading in the elemen- 
tary and middle schools. Effective reading programs, teach- 
ing and learning materials, and research studies in this 
field are im'estigated and evaluated per semester. Prerequi- 
site: Elemeritary Education 27(1. 3 credits. 
344. Health and Safety Education. The course in- 
cludes a stud)' of basic health and safety practices and pro- 
cedures as applied to the elementary school, a program of 
physical education for elementan' school children, an 
American Red Cross-approved program of first aid. and an 
evaluation of sources and use of materials. Prerequisites: 
Education 110: Psychology 220. 3 credits. 

361/362. Communications and Group Processes in 
the Elementary School I, II. Deals with the fundamen- 
tals for language growth in areas of oral and written e.xpres- 
sion. beginning with early childhood. Planned to assist 
teachers in helping children communicate efl'ectively and 
responsibly in a creative manner, in growing toward self 
understanding, and in developing satisfv'ing interpersonal 
relationships. The use of varied group processes in multi- 
faceted settings is emphasized. 3 credits per semester 
440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire 
semester in a classroom of an area public school under the 
supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. 
Open to seniors only. X cumulative grade-point average of 
2.0 during the first six semesters in college is required. 
Prerequisites: Education 110: Psqchology 220: Elemetitarq 
Education 270. 332. 341 342. and 3611362. 12 credits. 
444. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to pertinent 
problems in student teaching or to further professional 
growth in the profession are researched. 3 credits. 
500. Independent Study. .\ course designed for the stu- 
dent who desires to engage in independent study whether 
enrolled in the departmental honors program or not. 1-3 
credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 


There is no separate major for those interested in secondan' education. Interested students 
major in a subject area and also enroll for courses in the Education Department. This program 
is designed to meet the requirements for teacher certification in Pennsylvania and neighboring 

Those students desiring teacher certification must complete a minimum of 18 credits in 
professional courses together with the approved program in the subject field to be taught. 
Education 110 serves as an introduction to the secondary' classroom, with each student being 
assigned to work as a student aide in a nearby secondary school. 

During the senior year one semester is designated as a professional semester. The student 
enrolls in the following courses: 

Ed. 420: Human Growth and Development. 

Ed. 430: Practicum and Methods (English 431 for English majors) 

Ed. 440: Student Teaching. 

The student teaching is done in a nearby secondary school throughout the entire semester. 
Each student teacher is under the direct supeivision of a selected experienced teacher and the 
guidance of faculty responsible for teacher education. 

Prerequisites for student teaching include: 

a. A grade point average of at least 2.0 in the major field. 

b. Completion of Education 110. 

c. Completion of methods in the major field. 

d. Approval of the major advisor and the director of secondary student teaching. 

A student may also return to the college following graduation to complete an approved 
program of teacher certification. 

Education 67 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study is made of 
the social, historical and philosophical foundations of 
American education correlated with a sun-ey of the princi- 
ples and theories of noted educational leaders who ha\'e 
influenced educational practices today 3 credits. 
331. Educational Measurements. A study of the prin- 
ciples (if validity and reliability appraisal and construction 
of test items and consideration of the uses of test results. 
Recommended elective in elementai-y and secondaiy fields. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 110. 3 credits. 
342. Reading and Study Skills in the Content Areas. 
Designed to provide teachers of the content area in middle 
school, junior high and senior high with strategies, materi- 
als and techniques to improve their pupils' abilities to read, 
organize and study textual materials, to master concepts 
and technical vocabulan' and to put to use information 
gained through the reading course texts and related ma- 
terials. Emphasis is placed on reading skills only as they 
are necessary for effectix'e learning of the content areas. 3 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional 
Media. .^ laboratory course in which students produce and 
use media and the equipment of instructional technology. 
Bases for technological teaching dex'ices and media are ex- 
amined, types of media equipment evaluated, and applica- 
tions explored. 3 credits. 

423. An Introduction to Guidance. The histon. phi- 
losophy, and development of public school guidance, and 
the procedures and instruments used by the teacher. Pre- 
requisite: Education llll. 3 credits. 
442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. A gen- 
eral \'iew of the practices and programs for the education of 
exceptional children and youth beginning with early child- 
hood. The study includes children with physical, mental, 
and emotional handicaps, and gifted children. Field work 

in special classes provides first-hand experience. Prerequi- 
sites: Education 110. Psychology 110. 3 credits. 

Courses in Secondary Education 

420. Human Growth and Development. This course 
deals with the practical application of principles of psychol- 
ogy and human learning to secondaiT school teaching. 
Required of all seniors in secondary education. Prerequi- 
site: Education 110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. This course is designed 
to acquaint the students with some basic behaviors and 
methods in the classroom that will help the prospective 
teacher in any subject area. Students work independently 
on the problems related to their major areas and teaching 
reading in their particular fields. This course is required of 
all seniors in secondary' education, except English majors 
who will take English 431. Prerequisite: Education 110. 3 

431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. .Stu- 
dents will explore patterns of curriculum and develop cur- 
riculum for their major area and for other areas within the 
Social Studies which the\' may be expected to teach. They 
will prepare instructional objectives, select and organize 
subject matter. in\'estigate a variety of learning activities 
and strategies for developing inquiry skills, decision-mak- 
ing ability and \'alues. 1-2 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends one se- 
mester in a classroom at an area school under the super- 
vision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to 
seniors only. Requirements are: (Da cumulative grade- 
point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in col- 
lege. (2) the written recommendation of the major adviser, 
(3) the approval of the director of secondary student teach- 
ing, and (4) the approval of the dean of the faculty. Prereq- 
uisites: Education 110. 420: Education 430 or English 431. 
9 credits. 


68 Engineering 

In the cooperative 3-2 Engineering Program a student may earn a B.S. degree from Lebanon 
Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of engineering from the University of 
Pennsylvania or other cooperating institution. Students who pursue this cooperative engineering 
program take three years of work at Lebanon Valley and then, if recommended by the college, 
they may attend the University of Pennsylvania for two additional years of work in engineering. 
After the satisfactory completion of the fourth year of the program, LVC grants the B.S. degree 
with a major in one of the areas of science or mathematics. At the completion of the fifth year, 
the University grants the appropriate engineering degree. 

Requirements: Required courses at Lebanon Valley College in the 3-2 program include 
Mathematics 161, 162, 261, and 266; Physics 111, 112, and 211; Chemistry 111; Computer 
Science 241; and eleven selected courses in humanities and social sciences. 

Additional courses in physics, mathematics, chemistry and biolog.v appropriate tor the partic- 
ular area of engineering are chosen in planning the total program to meet the particular needs 

of an individual student. For mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering. Physics 311, 312, 321 
and 322 are among the needed courses. 

At the University of Pennsylvania the student may select from among eight different engineer- 
ing fields — bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil and urban engineering, computer sci- 
ence and engineering, electrical engineering and science, mechanical engineering and applied 
mechanics, metallurgy and materials science, and systems science and engineering. These and 
other engineering curricula are available at other engineering schools where the student may 
want to complete the final two years of the 3-2 program. 

Some students decide to complete a four-year program at Lebanon Valley College, earning 
their baccalaureate degree with a major in physics, chemistry, or mathematics, and then move 
into a graduate program in the engineering school at a university' which leads to a Master of 
Science degree in a field of engineering. This option is also attractive to students with a strong 
interest in the applied sciences. 

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The English major traditionally introduces students to the humanistic study of literature and 
thus to the noblest expressions of the human condition and the finest examples of esthetic 
accomplishment. The English Department recognizes that an English major also should prepare 
a student to enter the job market, and furthennore, that a major in English can do this 
particularly well. 

First, the graduate in English has learned to express himself clearly, coherently, and concisely. 
Second, an English major who has worked through the intricacies of a Shakespearean play, who 
has written a paper on Puritan poetics, or who has organized an oral panel presentation has 
learned to gather data, organize it, and present it effectively. 

The program for English majors also allows flexibility for a student to study on his own, or to 
participate in career related activities for credit. The independent study program encourages 
self-study on subjects from theater to creative writing. Internships offer on the job experience. 
Furthermore, our flexible major program allows each student to add work from other depart- 
ments easily and coherently. 


English 69 

Graduates of the Department of English can look forward to employment in a number of 
areas including teaching of all levels, graduate work, college administration, editing, public 
relations and the media, book publishing, business and government. 

Graduate schools represented by Lebanon Valley College English Department graduates 
include the University of Pennsylvania, Penn State University, Michigan State, William & Mary. 
Boston College, Northeastern and Cambridge University (England) to name a few. 

Degree: BA. degree with a major in English/Literature or English/Communications. 

Major: Each student majoring in English must choose either a literature or a communica- 
tions concentration. The student and adviser will develop a major program which will reflect the 
student's vocational interests and will meet the department's expectations for all English majors. 
All English majors must take tour one-semester suivey courses. History of the English Lan- 
guage, one semester of a major author, and Seminar in English. 

(Literature Concentration) Students pursuing a literature concentration must take two 
additional one-semester survey courses and at least three additional one-semester courses in 
major authors and special topics. Students planning to teach in secondary schools must also 
take Oral Communications and Modern Grammars. 

(Communications Concentration) Students pursuing a Communications Concentra- 
tion must take four additional one-semester courses in communications or other related fields. 
The additional hours should reflect a specific emphasis in communications work such as 
journalism, electronic media, or technical and scientific writing. The student must also take at 
least one internship. 

70 English 

Courses in English 

111/112. English Composition I, II. Both semesters 
concentrate on developing basic skills of composition. 3 
credits per semester. 

211/212. Word Study I, II. This course has a twofold 
purpose: (II to give the student some insight into linguistic 
processes, particularly as they pertain to the growth of the 
English vocabulan'; and (2) to increase the range of the 
student's \'ocabular\'. / credit per semester 
215. Writing Workshop. The subject of this course may 
include such topics as journalism, writing for the mass 
media, technical writing, management communications, 
writing for radio and television, and public relations. 3 cred- 

218. Oral Communication. This course is designed to 
establish basic concepts, understandings, and attitudes con- 
cerning the nature and importance of oral communication 
and to provide e.xperience in speaking and in competent 
criticism of these activities. 3 credits. 
221/222. American Literature I, II. First semester: a 
survey of American literature from the beginnings to the 
Civil War Second semester: a suivey of American literature 
from the Ci\'il War to the present day. 3 credits per semes- 

223. Creative Writing. This course alternates between 
the writing of fiction and the writing of poetry. 3 credits. 

225/226. Survey of English Literature I, II. A study 
of English literature from the beginnings to our own time, 
viewed in perspective against the background of English 
life and thought. 3 credits per semester 
227/228. World Literature I, II. While the organiza- 
tion of this course is basically chronological, the emphasis 
is thematic: major ideas of western thought are traced 
through important literary works from the ancient Greeks 
to the moderns. 3 credits per semester 
250-299. Studies in Literary Contexts. This se 
quenee of courses, several of which are offered any one 
year, examines literary works within the larger contexts of 
social and intellectual concerns. 3 credits per semester 
321. Shakespeare. This course includes (a) a study of 
Shakespeare's history plays and their place in the Elizabe- 
than world, and an analysis of early Shakespearean comedy: 
(b) a study of Shakespeare's major tragedies, the problem 
comedies, and the late romantic comedies. 3 credits. 

331. History of the English Language. Historical 
study of English sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabu- 
lary: and brief survey of standards of correctness and cur- 
rent usage. 3 credits. 

332. Chaucer. Intended to give the student a reasonable 
familiarity with Chaucer and other medieval authors, and 
to develop skill in the reading of Middle English. 3 credits. 

334. Modern Grammars. A review of traditional gram- 
mar and an introduction to recent concepts in grammar 
resulting from developments in structural linguistics. Pre- 
requisite: English 331. 3 credits. 

337. The Novel. A study of the development of the novel 
in England from Richardson to Joyce. 3 credits. 

338. Contemporary Drama. A survey-workshop of 
Continental. British, and American drama from Ibsen to 
the present. 3 credits. 

339. History of the Theater. A selection of Western 
and some Oriental dramas from Aeschylus to Ihsen pre- 
sented historically, with attention to theater modes and 
techniques. 3 credits. 

344. Theater Workshop. The elements of theater art 
oriented toward stage presentation, with classroom practice 
in production of scenes and whole plays. 3 credits. 
390. Internship. 1-9 credits. 

431. The leaching of English in Secondary Schools. 
Concerned primarily with the role of the English teacher 
in the secondary schools. Attention may be given to the 
teaching of composition, mechanics, speech, and literary 
forms. Sessions on recent research in the field of English, 
resource materials, mass media, and teaching techniques 
will be included. 3 credits. 

440. Special Problems. Offered according to interests 
of students and staff. This course will rotate among faculh,' 
members, the content of the course to be determined by 

the instructor with the advice of the department and con- 
sent of the chairman and the dean of the facult\'. Prerequi- 
site: cortsent of the imtructor. 3 credits. 
444. Seminar in English. This capstone course for En- 
glish majors varies in content depending on the interests 
of the instructor. 3 credits. 

SOO. Independent Study. For the student who desires to 
engage in a project of independent work whether enrolled 
in the departmental honors program or not. Prerequisite: 
consent of the instructor 1-3 credits per semester (Maxi- 
mum of 9). 

The study of a modern foreign language has a three-fold aim. The first is to develop fluency' in 
the basic communication skills — speaking, listening comprehension, reading and writing. The 
second is to provide a direct understanding and appreciation of the literature, civilization and 
cultural heritage of the people whose language is studied. The third aim is to develop an 
understanding of language as the fundamental medium in which mankind thinks, perceives 
and interacts. 

The department prepares the language major for a career in a variety of challenging fields: 
teaching, diplomatic and government service, foreign trade, business and industry, and social 
service. Since knowledge of a foreign language alone is often insufficient for many of these 
careers, the language major should, as appropriate, combine study of foreign languages with 
work in other disciplines. 

Lebanon Valley College encourages language majors to spend some time studying in the 
country of their language. To facilitate study abroad, Lebanon Valley College has become a 
cooperating member of the International Studies Program of Central College, Pella, Iowa. This 
program provides for 6 to 12 months of study in Prance, Germany and Austria, or Spain. 

Degree: For the student who majors in foreign languages, FVench, German or Spanish, the 
BA. degree is offered. 

Foreign Lan- 

Foreign Lang. 71 

Major: A student may elect to major in one foreign language or in Foreign Languages. A 
major in one language requires Foreign languages 252 and 24 hours above the intermediate 
level in the language studied. A major in Foreign Languages has the same requirements plus a 
minimum of 12 hours above the intermediate level in a second language. If a certificate to teach 
is desired, Foreign Languages 440 is also required. Beyond the intermediate level, FVench, 
German and Spanish courses are conducted in the language studied. 

Courses in Foreign Languages 

225/226. Contemporary European Literature I, II. 

Reading, in translation, of works selected to represent im- 
portant authors and trends in contemporan,' European lit- 
erature. 3 credits per semester 

252. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductor>' 
study of language as a communication system, designed for 
the major and non-major alike and taught entirely in En- 
glish. 3 credits. 

440. Methods in Teaching Foreign Languages. A 
comprehensive study of modern methods of foreign lan- 
guage teaching in secondary schools with emphasis on 
teaching basic skills. Prerequisite: Bench. German or 
Spanish 116 or equivalent. 2 credits. 

Courses in FVench 

101, 102. Elementary FVench I, II. A beginning 
course in French. 3 credits per semester. 
Ill, 112. Intermediate FVench I, II. .A continuation 
of French 1(12 with further practice in conversation, com- 
prehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: French 102 
or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 
115, 116. Introduction to FVench Literature I, II. 
Practice in the careful reading of literaiT texts and in the 
four basic language skills. Prerequisite: l-yench 112 or 
equivalent. 3 credits per semester 

215. FVench Culture. .A study of modern France with 
special attention to those gualities. characteristics, and tra- 

72 Foreign Lang. 

ditions which are uniquely FVench. Prerequisite: hyench 112 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 

216. Advanced Conversation and Composition. In- 
tensive practice in spoken and written F>ench on an ad- 
vanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on 
the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequisite: 
Bench 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

221. FVench Literature of the Middle Ages. A study 
of the masterpieces of medieval F'rench literature in the 
context of the social and intellectual climate in which they 
were produced. Prerequisite: l-iench 116 or equivalent. 3 

222. FVench Literature of the Renaissance. A study 
of the maior works of the French Renaissance with empha- 
sis on Rabelais, Montaigne and the poets of the Pleiade. 
Prerequisite: FYench 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

331. FVench Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. A 
study of the major authors of this apogee of French ci\'ili- 
zation, including Corneille, Racine, Moliere. La Fontaine 
and Pascal. Prerequisite: Bench 116 or equivalent. 3 cred- 

332. FVench Literature of the Enlightenment. A 

study of the main literary and philosophical currents of the 
eighteenth centuiT, with emphasis on the works of .^lontes- 
quieu, Diderot, Voltaire and Rousseau, Prerequisite: Bench 
116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

441. The modern Novel in FVance. A study of the 
French novel of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 
Prerequisite: B-ench 116 or equivalent. 3 

442. Modern Theatre and Poetry of FVance. .\ stud\' 
of French theatre and poetry of the nineteenth and twen- 
tieth centuries. Prerequisite: l-iench 116 or equivalent. 3 

445/446. Seminar I, II. Designed to supplement 
and integrate the student's knowledge and stimulate 
indi\'idual study and research. The content varies ac- 
cording to the needs and interests of the group. Pre- 
requisite: B-ench 116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits 
per semester. 

500. Independent Study. This course enables a 
student to engage in independent stud\' whether en- 
rolled in the departmental honors program or not. 
Prerequisite: French 116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits. 
(Maximum of 91. 

Courses in German 

101, 102. Elementary German I, II. A beginning 
course in German. 3 credits per semester. 
Ill, 112. Intermediate German I, II. A continuation 
of German 102 with practice in conversation, comprehen- 
sion, reading and writing. Prerequisite: German 102 or 
equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

113, 114. Scientific German I, II. Practice in reading 
scientific and technical German with emphasis on the vo- 
cabulaPi' used in this t\'pe of writing. Prerequisite: German 
112 or equivalent. 3 credits per semeste-: 
115, 116. Introduction to German Literature I, II. 
Practice in the careful reading of literaw texts and in the 
four basic language skills. Prerequisite: German 112 or 
equivalent. 3 credits per semester 

215. German Culture. A study of modern Germany 
with special attention to those qualities, characteristics and 
traditions which are uniquely German. Prerequisite: Ger- 
man 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

216. Advanced Conversation and Composition. In 
tensive practice in spoken and written German on an ad- 
vanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on 
the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequisite: 
German 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

221. German Literature from the Beginnings to 
1750. .A stud\' of representative works from the earl\' .^lid- 
dle Ages through the baroque with emphasis on the gener- 
ation writing in the early thirteenth centuPi'. Prerequisite: 
German 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

331. German Literature from 1750 to 1848. The 
effects of the Enlightenment and the subsequent develop- 
ment of German romanticism with a close reading of major 
works and extensive background in the history and esthet- 
ics of the period. Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 
3 credits. 

332. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of the lives, 
society and artistic achievements of these preeminent lit- 
erary figures. Prerequisite: German 116 or equivalent. 3 

410. Special Topics in German. .Advanced study of an 
aspect of the German language. Topic varies, e.g.. advanced 
grammar, stylistics, history of the German language. Pre- 
requisite: German 116. 216 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

441. German Literature from 1848 to the Present. 
An examination of masterpeices of German fiction, drama 
and poetry WMth special attention to the changing role of 
the artist in society. Prerequisite: German 116 or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

442. Topics in Modern German Literature. Offers a 
detailed study of one aspect of modern German literature, 
e.g., the novel, contemporary authors, twentieth centuw 
drama, literary expressionism. Prerequisite: German 116 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. For the student who wishes to 
study independently whether enrolled in the departmental 

honors program or not. Prerequisite: German 116 or equiv- 
alent. 1-3 credits per semester. (Ma.ximum of 9). 

Courses in Greek 

101, 102. Elementary Greek I, II. An intensive course 
in the basics of ancient Greek. 3 credits per semester 
111, 112. Intermediate Greek I, II. First semester: 
readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second semes- 
ter: readings from .Xenophon's.-l??t;6t;s'K. A re\'iew of gram- 
mar throughout the year. Prerequisite: Greek 102. 3 credits 
per semester. 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequisite: 
Greek 112. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prerequisite: 
Greek 112. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. Prerequi- 
site: Greek 112. 3 credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. Pre- 
requisite: Greek 112. 3 credits. 

Courses in Latin 

101. Elementary Latin I. Basic grammar and syntax. 
with some reading of ancient writers. 3 credits. 

102. Elementary Latin II. A review of grammar, trans- 
lation of English into Latin and readmg Latin prose selec- 
tions, including Cicero. Prerequisite: Latiri 101 or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

111. Intermediate Latin I. A review of grammar and 
readings from prose works such as Cicero's Essays. Prereq- 
uisite: Latin 1112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

112. Intermediate Latin II. A reading of passages se- 
lected from the writings of Virgil and 0\'id. Prerequisite: 
Latin 111 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

Courses in Spanish 

101, 102. Elementary Spanish I, II. A beginning 
course in Spanish. 3 credits per semester 
111, 112. Intermediate Spanish I, II. A continuation 
of Spanish 102 with further practice in c(jnversation, listen- 
ing comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: 
Spanish 102 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 
115, 116. Introduction to Spanish Literature I, II. 
Practice in the careful reading of literaiT texts and in the 
four basic language skills. Prerequisite: Spanish 112 or 
equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

215. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture as 
found in modern Spain and its reflection in American coun- 
tries and in the Spanish language. Prerequisite: Spanish 
112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

216. Advanced Composition and Conversation. In 
tensive practice in spoken and written Spanish on an ad- 
vanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on 
the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequisite: 
Spanish 112 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

Foreign Lang. 73 

221. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and 
Early Renaissance. A study of the outstanding works of 
the period with emphasis on the beginnings of the Renais- 
sance in Spain. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 

222. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study 
of the major works of the period. Prerequisite: Spanish 
116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

331. Spanish Literature of the 18th and 19th Cen- 
turies. Readings from the Enlightenment in Spain and a 
study of the major works of romanticism and realism. Pre- 
requisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

332. Spanish Literature of the 20th Century. Start 
ing with the Generation '98 and Modernism, a representa- 
tive study of the literary movements of this centur\'. Pre- 
requisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

441. Spanish-American Literature to the 20th 

Century. Readings of the representative authors from the 
colonial and independence periods of Spanish-American lit- 
erature. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equivalent. 3 credits. 
442. Spanish-American Literature of the 20th 
Century. .A study of important writers of the early part of 
the century, with emphasis on recent de\'elopments in the 
literature of Spanish-America. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

445/446. Seminar I, 11. Designed to supplement and 
integrate the student's knowledge and stimulate individual 
study and research. The content varies according to the 
needs and interests of the group. Prerequisite: Spanish 
116 or equivalent. 1-3 credits per semester 

500. Independent Study. For the student who wishes to 
study independently whether enrolled in the department 
honors program or not. Prerequisite: Spanish 116 or equiv- 
alent. 1-3 credits per semester l.^laximum of 9). 

Forestry and 

Students completing a three year progi-am at Lebanon Valley College studying the libeml arts 
and the sciences basic to forestry and environmental sciences may apply for admission to the 
cooperative forestry program with Duke University. Upon completion of the first year of the two 
year (plus one summer) program at Duke Universit\', the student will receive the Bachelor of 
Science degree from Lebanon Valley College. After completion of the program at Duke the 
student will receive the professional degree of Master of Forestr\' (M.F.) or Master of Environ- 
mental Management (M.E.M.) from Duke Universitv'. Students may major in biology, economics, 
political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

Requirements: Required courses regardless of major include Biology 111/112. 302; Eco- 
nomics 110/120; Mathematics 161 or 111, and Mathematics 170, plus those courses necessary 
to meet the general requirements of the college. Additional required coursework varies depend- 
ing upon whether the student majors in economics, biolog\', mathematics or political science. 


(See Fbreign Languages) 


Courses in geography are offered as an adjunct to the elementary and secondary education 
program, or for the student who wishes to take the courses out of personal interest. 

74 Forestry 

Courses in Geography 

111. World Geography I (Physical Geography). The 

physical aspects of the earth, its place in the solar system, 
earth movements, earth's waters, landforms. climate, soil 
types, weather phenomena, and processes that form and 
change the earth's surface. 3 credits. 

112. World Geography II (Regional Cultural Ge- 
ography). This course is recommended for elementary 
education majors and is required for those wishing to be 

certified in comprehensive social studies. The course ex- 
amines various countries and regions of the world, relating 
the geographic features of each to the life and culture of 
the people. Natural resources and economy of each region 
are studied as well as such facts as states and capitals, 
population density, food supply, and ecological factors. 3 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional training in the medical (medicine, osteopathy, 
optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and dentistiy) and veterinary fields. Students 
interested in one of these careers usually follow a science curriculum with a major in biochem- 
istry, biology or chemistry. At Lebanon Valley College we feel that a strong background in the 
basic natural sciences is requisite for careers in the health professions. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional study, the student 
who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate in a cooperative program between the 
college and local veterinarians, specializing in both small and large animal medicine. Students 
not only receive credit for the work, but also gain valuable experience in the field. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study at the college in 
addition to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in health professions 

For those students interested in podiati-y, Lebanon Valley College and the Pennsylvania College 
of Podiatric Medicine have established an accelerated podiatric medicine education curriculum 
consisting of a minimum of ninety undergraduate semester hours and four years of podiatric 
medical education. Following three years of study at Lebanon Valley College a student may be 
recommended for further study at the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon 
Valley College than awards the baccalaureate degree, with a major in biochemistr\', biologv' or 
chemistry, to those students who complete successfully one year of basic science education at 
the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. 

Majors in biology and chemistry with an interest in health professions have been admitted to 
some of the nation's finest schools including Johns Hopkins University Medical School, The 
University of Pennsylvania, The University of Pittsburgh, Jefferson Medical School, The Milton S. 
Hershey Medical Center, Temple University', The Universit\' of Maniand, The Philadelphia College 
of Osteopathic Medicine, The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine and the Pennsylvania 
College of Optometry. 


(See Fbreign Languages) 


(See Fbreign Languages) 

Health Pro- 

Health Prof. 75 

Hi^tO'TV flllfl '^^^ Department of Histo>7 and Political Science is a dual department, but each curriculum 

•^ is distinct and taught separately. The study of histon' acquaints the student with human behavior 

Political in the dimension of past time. Political science deals with the many-sided aspects of government. 

Science internships 

The department offers supervised academic and field experience in two types of internship: in 
history, in historic preservation and other museum-related work: in political science, work in a 
governmental agency, with an elected public official, or in electoral activity. Departmental 
interns typically work 12 to 15 hours per week on assignment as interns in appropriate offices 
of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission in Harrisburg or on site, or as staff 
assistants to various committees in the Pennsylvania State Government, such as the House 
Committee on Health and Welfare or the Senate Committee on Education, or in the Harrisburg 
office of Congressman Allen Ertel of the 17th Congressional District. 


Juniors and seniors in any major field who have at least a 2.5 average, have had basic courses 
in American national government, and are recommended by the chairman of the Department 
of Histon' and Political Science, are eligible to participate in the Washington Semester Program, 
which is offered in cooperation with The American University in Washington, D. C. Participants 
choose one of the following options: the stud\' of the American governmental and political 
system as a whole (Semester in American National Government), the urban polity and intergov- 
ernmental decision-making in urban affairs (the Urban Semester), American foreign policy 
formulation and implementation (Foreign Policy Semester), the economic policy-making pro- 
cess (Economic Policy Semester), the operation of the cnminal justice system (Justice Semes- 
ter), the cultural institutions of Washington (Semester in American Studies), and journalism in 
Ufehington (Journalism Semester). 

Degrees: BA. degree with a major in history or political science. 

Majors: (Histoiy) Four one semester courses in European history: Histow 125 and 235/ 
236 or History 126 and 225/226 or History 225/226 and 235/236 in American histoi^; one 
course from among Histon' 343. 344, 345, 346: and Histon 213 and 412 for a minimum of 30 

(Political Science) Political Science 111/112, 211, 212, 217, 311, 312, 411, 412 and 413, plus 
Histon 125 and 235/236 or 126 and 225/226 for a minimum of 39 hours or History 225/226 and 
235/236 for a total of 42 hours. 

76 Hist. & M. Sci. 

Courses in History 

111/112. History of Western Civilization I, II. The 

first semester covers the development ul Western European 
culture in all its aspects from its Near Eastern origins to 
about 1715. The second semester covers its evolution dur- 
ing the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries. 3 
credits per semester. 

125/126. Survey of United States History I, II. The 
first semester covers the development of the L'nited States 
to 1865, the second semester from 1865 to the present. 

Special emphasis throughout the course is placed upon 
historiographical philosophy and method. 3 credits per se- 

211. Greek and Roman History. An examination of 
the origins, structure, and values of Greek and Roman 
societies from about 1200 B. C. to about 500 A. D. The 
Mediterranean nature of these cultures and the historians' 
treatment of them are emphasized. 3 credits. 

212. The Middle Ages. A study of the emergence of a 
European societ\' from 500 to 1300. Emphasis is on the 
social and intellectual aspects of medieval life, and the his- 
toriographical record is analyzed. 3 credits. 

213. Introduction to Historiography. Theory and 
practice in the writing of histoiT. The \\'ork of selected 
historians is studied and each student conducts and reports 
upon his own research. Tlaining is gi\'en in research meth- 
ods and in the preparation of research reports. 3 credits. 

221. The Renaissance and Reformation: 1300 to 
1600. A study of the beginnings of the modern era. paying 
particular attention to the inter-relationships between its 
political, social, economic, and intellectual dspecis. 3 cred- 

222. The Old Regime: 17th and 18th Centuries. An 
investigation of the impact of modern science and thought 
upon the development of Western European culture. Partic- 
ular attention is paid to the nature of European society 
before the era of revolutions. 3 credits. 

224. British Histoid from the TUdors to the Present. 
A suA'ey focused on the British Isles from Henry Vll to 
Elizabeth II. The cultural evolution of the English people is 
studied with emphasis on the political-social-intellectual 
configuration. 3 credits. 

225. American History to 1800. An examination is 
made of all aspects of the development of the United States 
from its European origins to 1800. Historiographical issues, 
methods, and problems are stressed. 3 credits. 

226. American History from 1800 to 1865. The 

developments of nineteenth centuiT American histon' to 
the end of the Civil War are studied, with special attention 
to historiographical concerns. 3 ovdits. 

235. The United States: 1865 to 1920. American 
history from the end of the Civil War through World War 1 
is analyzed and interpreteil. with emphasis upon historiog- 
raphy. 3 credits. 

236. The United States: 1920 to the Present. The 
development of the United States since 1920 is studied in 
all its aspects. Historiographical interpretation is stressed. 
3 credits. 

331. The Era of Revolutions: 1789 to 1870. A study 
of the political and economic changes in Europe from 17iS9 
to 1870 and the total cultural impact of these changes. .) 

332. Modern Europe: 1870 to 1945. An analysis of 
the nineteenth centuiT state system, its economic and so- 
cial bases, its ideology, and its evolution through world wars 
and technological revolutions. 3 credits. 

333. The Western IVadition Since 1945. Beginning 
with the reconstruction following World War II. the course 
focuses upon the intellectual, social, and broadly political 
significance of the period in the context of the continuing 
Western tradition. 3 credits. 

334. European Intellectual History. The course ex- 
amines main currents of European thought from the Re- 

nais.sance to the present. Major themes to he studied will 
be war and peace, social and economic reform, and revolu- 
tion. Primary materials will be emphasized. 3 credits. 

343. History of Russia. A suwey of Russian history 
from ancient times to the present, with special attention to 
developments since the se\'enteenth century. 3 credits. 

344. History of the Far East. A survey of the political, 
economic, and cultural institutions of China and Japan, 
with special emphasis given to the Western impact on these 
institutions after 1.500. 3 credits. 

345. History of Latin America. A suivey of the Latin 
American republics from their colonial beginnings to the 
present time. 3 credits. 

346. Introduction to the History of African Cul- 
ture. A sun'e\' of African culture from the tenth-centuiT 
Sudanic origins to the present day. Emphasis is on the 
nineteenth and hventieth centuries, j' credits. 

349. Select Problems in History. A course to provide 
the student with an opportunity to explore in depth a topic 
of special interest. Open to junior and senior history majors 
and to other students by permission of the instructor. 3 

400. Internship. Supeivised academic and field experi- 
ence in historic preservation or other museum-related ca- 
reers. Participants will be selected hi/ members of the De- 
partment stalf. 3-6 credits per semester l.'^la.ximum of 1.51. 

Hist. & Pol. Sci. 77 

78 Hist. & Pol. Sci. 

412. Senior Seminar in History. A review of the stu- 
dent's college program in histoiT. with reading, discussion, 
and writing to serve the following purposes: ( 1 ) synthesis 
of previous course work in histor\'; (2) relation of the aca- 
demic discipline of histon.' to other fields of knowledge: and 
(3) formulation and expression of a personal philosophy of 
historv' by each student. Open only to senior departmental 
majors. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. .-\ course designed for students 
who wish to undertake an independent study project in 
histor\'. Open to all students, subject to the following qual- 
ifications: Those who do not desire departmental honors 
are admitted by permission of the instructor who agrees to 
accept supeA'ision of the student's work. Students desiring 
departmental honors must meet the conditions set forth 
above under 'Departmental Honors." 1-3 credits per se- 
mester l.^la.ximum 0191. 

Courses in Political Science 

111/112. American National Government 1, 11. The 

hrst semester includes a consideration of the nature of 
democracy, constitutional foundations of .American go\'ern- 
ment. the federal system of go\'ernment. civil rights and 
liberties. .American political behavior, political parties, and 
campaigns and elections. The second semester includes the 
study of the structures and functions of .American govern- 
ment (the Presidency, the Congress, the Courts, and the 
bureaucrao') and the foreign and domestic policy-making 
processes. 3 credits per semester. 

211. Comparative Government. .A comparative study 
of important political systems of the world, including an 
introduction to the basic methodologies. // is strongly rec- 
ommended that Political Science 1 J] 112 be takeji preci- 
ously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

212. American Foreign Policy. .A suivey of the external 
relations of .American government, with emphasis on twen- 
tieth century developments. Subject areas include diplo- 
macy, militari' affairs, geographic and regional problems, 
trade and aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, 
nuclear problems, and opposing ideologies, // is strongly 
recommended that Political Science HI 112 be takeri pre- 
ciously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

217. Research Methods in Political Science. A course 
in the conduct and mterpretation of research in political 
science. Topics covered include: formulation of a research 
problem, research design, techniques of scaling and mea- 
surement, data collection and analysis, and writing the re- 
search report. Prereguisites: a major in political science 
and sophomore standing, or permission of the instructor 
Mathematics 170. Elementary Statistics, is strongly rec- 
ommended. 3 credits. 

219. State and Local Government. This course deals 
with governmental institutions and political characteristics 
of state and local political systems. It also examines the 
major intergovernmental problems in state and local rela- 
tionships with the national government. It is strongly rec- 

ommended that Political Science 111 112 be taken preci- 
ously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

311. Political Parties in the United States. A study 
of the origins and history of .American political parties, 
their development, organization, leaders, conventions, plat- 
forms, and campaigns. It is strongly recommended that 
Political Science HI 112 be taken previously or concur- ■ 
rently. 3 credits. ' 

312. American Constitutional Law. A study of the 
growth and de\'elopment of the Constitution through the 
medium of judicial construction. Recent decisions illustrat- 
ing its application to new conditions of the present age. and 
proposals for court modification are given particular atten- 
tion. It is strongly recommended that fblitical Science 
111 112 he taken previously or concurrently. 3 credits. 

313. Foundations of American Law. This course pro- 
vides an historical sun.'ey of the Western legal tradition 
from classical times through eighteenth century concep- 
tions of the English common law as an introduction to the 
study of the evolution of .American law. // ;'; strongly rec- 
ommended for pre-law students. Prerequisite: permission 
of the instructor 3 credits. 

314. Public Opinion. .An analysis of the nature and 
sources of contemporar\' public opinion, with special atten- 
tion to methods of determining public opinion. 3 credits. 

350. Select Problems in Political Science. A course 
to provide the student with an opportunity to explore in 
depth a topic of special interest. // is strongly recom- 
mended that Fblitical Science 111/112 be taken previously 
or concurrently. 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field experi- 
ence in a go\'ernmental agency, with an elected public offi- 
cial, or in electoral activity. Participants will be selected by 
members of the Department staff. Prerequisite: fblitical 
Science 111 112. 3-6 credits per semester. (Maximum of 

411. Political Theory. A survey of the different philoso- 
phies and theories of government, ancient and modern, 
with special reference to political philosophy since the six- 
teenth centuA'. // is strongly recommended that Political 
Science 111 112 be taken previously or concurrently. 3 

412. Senior Seminar in Political Science. Reading, 
discussion, and written assignments to accomplish the fol- 
lowing purposes: ( 1 ) relation of the discipline to other fields 
of knowledge and (2) development and expression of an 
individual political philosophy by the student. Prerequisites: 
a major in political science and senior standing: or per- 
mission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

413. International Politics. A course in the origin, 
forms, dynamics, and prospects of the international politi- 
cal pattern, with emphasis on current developments and 
changing concepts in world politics. It is strongly recom- 
mended that fblitical Science HI 112 be taken previously 
or concurrently. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for students 
who wish to undertal<e an independent study project in 
political science. Open to all students, subject to the follow- 
ing qualifications: Those who do not desire departmental 
honors are admitted by permission of the instructor who 

agrees to accept supervision of the student's work. Students 
desiring departmental honors must meet the conditions set 
forth above under "Departmental Honors." 1-3 credits per 
semester. I Maximum of 9). 

Hist. & Pol. Sd. 79 

ized Major 

Occasionally a student finds that his career goals cannot be met by a traditional major at the 
college. For this student an individualized major may be a logical choice. Working with two 
advisors a student develops a plan of study including a rationale for the specific major, a schedule 
for taking existing college courses which relate to the individualized major, as well as describing 
those courses which the student needs to pursue on an independent study basis. The plan of 
study must also include those courses to fulfill the general requirements of the college. The 
curriculum is then submitted to the dean of the faculty for approval. 

Degrees: Bj\. or B.S. degree (depending upon concentration) with an individualized major. 

Requirements: Those courses specified within the approved individualized major plus 
those courses to meet the general requirements of the college. 

al Business 


(See Fbreign Languages I 


(See Fbreign Languages) 

The program in international business provides a unique opportunity to integrate the study 
of business with the knowledge of a foreign language and culture. It is designed to equip students 
with the background and skills necessary to work with foreign corporations within the United 
States and with American corporations abroad. While acquiring a strong liberal arts background, 
students who elect this major will receive training in accounting, business administrataion, 
economics and political science. They also will become familiar with a foreign culture and will 
acquire proficiency in FVench, German or Spanish. International business majors are encour- 
aged to apply for internships in order to gain valuable field experience. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in international business. 

Major: Accounting 151, 152; Business Administration 180, 361, 376; Economics 110, 120, 
332; Political Science 211, 413; Ft'ench, German or Spanish 215, 216; and two other courses in 
the selected foreign language above the intermediate level (111, 112), for a total of 42 hours. 

80 Individ. Major 

The Department of Mathematical Sciences offers one of the most modern, versatile, and 
respected undergraduate programs in the country. Since 1974. 95 percent of the graduates from 
the department have found attractive mathematical employment, or continued in graduate 
school. Since 1970. the number of majors in the department has more than doubled, while 
nationwide the comparable number is less than one-third of what it was in 1970. 

The department offers a wide range of courses which support major programs in 
Actuarial Science. Computer Science. Mathematics, and Operations Research. The major in 
Mathematics can be tailored to prepare for Graduate School. Secondary School Teaching, 
Industrial Mathematics, or to dove-tail with a second major in another department. A Special 
Topics course allows coverage of material specifically requested by interested students. In 
Independent Study, outstanding students conduct further study and research in areas for which 
they show particular talent and interest. An Internship Program provides a further broadening 
of the students' experience. 

In the last five years, we have placed systems analysts with PP&L, AT&T Long Lines, Air 
Products, Western Electric, Hershey Foods, EDS, the State of Delaware: applied mathematicians 
with the US Treasury Department, American Bank and TVust Co., Smidth Industries; teachers 
in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland: computer scientists with G.E.. Westinghouse. Blue 
Shield, and a school district. TWo of our graduates have started their own computer software 
consulting firm. Finally, our graduates received graduate assistantships in Mathematics, Com- 
puter Science, or Operations Research from Hawaii. SLINY. North Carolina State, Wisconsin, 
Cornell, Carnegie-Mellon, Lehigh, W^hington State, and Delaware Universities. In 1977, 1978 
and 1981 graduates held FUlbright Scholarships for study overseas. 

The major in ACTUARIAL SCIENCE is rather unique. Lebanon Valley College is the only four- 
year college east of the Mississippi which offers courses specifically designed to prepare for the 
first five examinations of the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society. 

In Actuarial Science the demand for our graduates is. and will continue to be. much larger 
than the supply. During the last five years, we have placed graduates with Provident Mutual, 
Prudential. Reliance, State Mutual, Liberty Mutual. GEICO. Allstate. Crum & Forster, Prupac 
and other insurance companies, and with the consulting firms of Conrad M. Siegel, and 
Alexander & Alexander A special option recognizes the need for mathematically trained persons 
in forest management: after three years at Lebanon Valley College and two years at Duke 
University, a student can receive the B.S. in Actuarial Science from LVC. and the M.S. in Forestry 
fi'om Duke University. 

The major in COMPUTER SCIENCE has a strong scientific orientation, conforming with the 
recommendations of the Association for Computing Machinery. Required courses in Physics will 
acquaint the student with the hardware aspects of computers, and an internship in a business 
computer operation will expose him to the "real world" of computer applications. The curricu- 
lum includes courses in English, Psychology, and Philosophy in order to expand the student's 
view of the societal and ethical implications of computer technology. 

Lebanon Valley College is the only four-year college in the East to offer a major in OPERA- 
TIONS RESEARCH with a strong foundation in Mathematics. In scope and importance to 
society this field may be the fastest growing of the applied mathematical sciences. 

A rigorous study of MATHEMATICS is the common foundation of all four major programs in 

cal Sciences 

Math. Sci. 81 

the department. The core courses required of all students in the department provide the first 
phase of this effort. This core structure allows each student complete flexibility in the choice of 
one of the four majors, usually by the end of the second year of study. A strong effort is made not 
to differentiate between the students in the department by majors. Thus, talented students of 
any major are encouraged to be a member of the departmental Putnam Examination team 
which participates annually in this national mathematics competition. Similarly, the Mathemat- 
ics Club is open to any interested student. This club sponsors a variety of activities including an 
annual mathematics competition for area high school students. 

Degrees: B.S. with a major in mathematics. B.S. with a major in actuarial science. B.S. 
with a major in computer science. B.S. with a major in operations research. 

Majors: (Core) MA 111. 112, 211, 222, 266, CS 241. 

(Mathematics) Core plus 15 hours in courses numbered above 300. 

(Actuarial Science) Core plus Mathematics 371, 372; Actuarial Science 385, 386, 481, 
482; Operations Research 335; Accounting 151, 152; Economics 110, 120; also. Exam 1 of the 
Society of Actuaries must be passed by the fall of the senior year. 

(Computer Science) Core plus Mathematics 322. 463, 464; Computer Science 341, 342. 
400, 441; English 215; Philosophy 228; Physics 103, 104, 212; Psycholog.v 100, 337. 

(Operations Research) Core plus Mathematics 371, 372; Operations Research 335, 336, 
431, 500; Business Administration 180; Economics 201; English 215; Philosophy 228; Psychol- 
ogy 100, 337, 

82 Math.Sci. 

Courses In Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics. An outline of 
some basic mathematical ideas and techniques. 3 credits. 
102. Algebra and IHgonometry. An introduction to 
college algebra and trigonometn'. 3 credits. 
Ill, 112. Analysis I, II. A rigorous calculus sequence 
for majors of the department. 5 credits per semester. 

160. Finite Mathematics and Calculus for Busi- 
ness. Introduction to finite mathematics and calculus for 
students in business. 3 credits. 

161, 162. Calculus I, II. A calculus sequence with em- 
phasis on applications. 3 credits per semester. 

166. Calculus II and Differential Equations. A con- 
tinuation of .^LA 161 with applications in biology and medi- 
cine. Prerequisite: .^lathematics 161. 3 credits. 
170. Elementary Statistics. Elementarv' descriptive 
and inferential statistics. 3 credits. 

211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis I. II. Prereq- 
uisite: .^lathematics 112. 3 credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, systems of equa- 
tions. Prerequisite: .'^lathematics 112. 3 credits. 
261. Calculus III. Continuation of Calculus I, II. Prereq- 
uisite: Mathematics 162. 3 credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order 
differential equations, partial differential equations. Prereq- 
uisite: Mathematics 211 or 261. 3 credits. 

270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of 
Mathematics 170. 3 credits. 

300. Seminar. A seminar devoted to problem solving 
techniques. Prerequisite: .''■lathematics 211. 1 credit. 
322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, 
fields. Prerequisite: .'^lathematics 222. 3 credits. 
32S. Geometry. Axiomatic geometn,'. Euclidean and non- 
Euclidean geometries. Prerequisite: Mathematics 112. 3 

361, 362. Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II. 

Integral equations. Fourier transforms, partial differential 
equations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 266. 3 credits per se- 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, 
probahilih' law and distributions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 
211. 3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. Generating functions, 
decision theory, tests of hypotheses. Prerequisite: Mathe- 
matics 371. 3 credits. 

411. Foundations of Mathematics. The topology of 
real and complex number spaces. Prerequisite: .^lathemat- 
ics 211. 3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. .Analytic func- 
tions. Cauchy theorem, conformal mapping. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 2 1 1 . 3 credits. 

450. Special Topics. Subjects chosen by student inter- 
est. 3 credits. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. Issues of concern to the 
prospectix'e secondaiy school teacher. 1 credit. 
463, 464. Numerical Analysis I, 11. Numerical inte- 
gration, interpolation, differential equations, matrix meth- 
ods. Prerequisites: Mathematics 266. Computer Science 
241. 3 credits per semester 

500. Independent Study. Independent study and re- 
search. Variable credit. 

Courses In Actuarial Science 

385. Theory of Interest. Study of material for the part 
4 Society of Actuaries. Casualty Actuarial Socieh', and En- 
rollment Actuaries examination. Prerequisite: .'^lathematics 
211. 3 credits. 

386. Numerical Analysis for Actuaries. Study of ma- 
terial for the part 3 Sgcieb,' of .Actuaries and Casualty Ac- 
tuarial Society examination. Prerequisite: Mathematics 211. 
3 credits. 

481. Life Contingencies I. Study of material for the 
part 4 Society of Actuaries. Casualty Actuarial Society, and 

Enrollment Actuaries examination. Prerequisite: Mathe- 
matics 372. 3 credits. 

482. Life Contingencies II. Continuation of Actuarial 
Science 481. Prerequisite: .^ lathematics 372. 3 credits. 
500. Independent Study. Stud\' of material for further 
Society of .Actuaries or Casualh' .Actuarial Society exami- 
nations. Variable credit. 

Courses In Computer Science 
241. Introduction to Computer Science. Languages, 
algorithms. B.ASIC-PLL'S programming. Prerequisite: 
.^lathematics 112. 3 credits. 

341. Computer Organization and Assembler. Com- 
puter architecture, assembly language, applications. Pre- 
requisite: Computer Science 241. 3 credits. 

342. Data Structures. Graphs, trees, lists, files, appli- 
cations. Prerequisite: Computer Science 241. 3 credits. 
400. Internship. .A summer internship with business or 
industPi'. 3 credits. 

441. Programming Languages and Compilers. 
Grammars, recognizers, symbol tables, storage allocation. 
Prerequisite: Computer Science 241. 3 credits. 
500. Independent Study. Computer hardware, input 
output de\'ices. Variable credit. 

Courses in Operations Research 

335. Operations Research I. Linear Programming, 
queuing theory, decision theoiT. Includes material for the 
part 3 SocieU' of Actuaries and Casualty Actuarial Society 
examination. Prerequisites: Mathematics 211, 222. 3 cred- 

336. Operation Research II. Further topics in Opera- 
tions Research. Prerequisite: Operations Research 335. 3 

431. Systems and Simulation. General systems the- 
ory, hierarchies, simulation methods. Prerequisite: Opera- 
tions Research 33.5. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Study of further topics in op- 
erations research. Variable credit. 

In medical technology the student takes three years of courses at Lebanon Valley College in 
order to fulfill the requirements of the college and of the Board of Schools of the American 
Society of Clinical Pathologists. Preceding or during the third year of the program at LVC a 
student applies to a hospital with an American Medical Association approved school of medical 
technology, where he spends the fourth year of training. It is the student's responsibility to gain 
admission to such a program. Upon satisfactory completion of the one-year internship, the 
student is awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley 

Lebanon Valley College is currently affiliated with the following hospitals: Abington Memorial 
Hospital, Sacred Heart Hospital (in Allentown). Harrisburg Hospital, Polyclinic Medical Center 


Med. Tech. 83 

of Harrisburg, Jersey Shore Medical Center-Fitkin Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital and 
Reading Hospital and Medical Center. However, the student is not limited to these affiliations 
and may seek acceptance at any approved hospital of his choice. 

Requirements: Required courses for the medical technology curriculum include Biology 
111/112, 202, 306 and eight hours which typically may include Biology 201 and/or 305, 291 
(Special Topics in Immunology, Special Topics in Parasitology) 292 (Special Topics in Instrumen- 
tation; Chemistry 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216; Physics 103, 104; Mathematics 170; 
courses to meet the general requirements and an overall minimum of 92 semester hours which 
include two hours of physical education. 


Lebanon Valley College sponsors an urban semester program through the Metropolitan 
Collegiate Center of Germantown, Philadelphia. Pennsylvania. This is a one-semester program 
of a pre-professional internship and academic seminars relating to the city. The program is 
designed especially for students who are interested in cities and the opportunity of living and 
working in a pluralistic urban world; or who want the practical and personal advantages of a 
concrete work experience especially for purposes of vocational and educational decisions. 

Internship placements are available in a diverse range of social service, mental health, law 
enforcement, medical research, and health-care-delivery agencies. 15 academic credits are 
offered in the progi-am. 

84 Metro. Semester 

Courses in tlie Metropolitan Semester 

240. Theology in the City. An intensive study of the 
process of theological thinking, using the student's experi- 
ences in the city as primar\i data: study of the life of the 
church and its engagement in societv': study of the poor 
and oppressed and the relationship of the church to such 
people. The course will be taught largely by the inductive 
method, relying to a great extent on the students initiative 
in being involved in urban life. Prerequisite: Consent of ttie 
instructor 3 credits, 

250. Work Internship. Internships in service, technical 
and business agencies and institutions of choice of students 
are super\'ised by staff members of the Metropolitan Semes- 
ter. Three-and-one-half or four days per week. 6 credits. 
260. Metropolitan Seminar. The seminar surveys the 
major issues in urban America, using Philadelphia as the 
point of reference. 3 credits. 

270. The City and Fine Arts. An introductory survey of 
fine arts related to urban life as exemplified in Philadelphia. 
Regular seminar work is supplemented by field studies in 
institutions such as the Art Museum. Philadelphia Orches- 
tra, Theatre, and the like. 3 credits. 
280. Social Sciences Research Seminar. The semi- 
nar surveys the nature of social research with special em- 
phasis on methods of collecting valid data. Students design 
and complete a small research study on a relevant urban 
problem. 3 credits. 

290. Values Seminar. Students examine ethical issues 
and moral dilemmas which arise from personal life, work 
in large organizations, and the conduct of public policy. 3 

Students who major in any of the three areas in the Music Department (music performance, j^tlSlC 
sacred music, music education) quickly realize the aims of the program to be the preparation of 
performers, church musicians and teachers: the teaching of music historically and aesthetically 
as an element of liberal culture; the offering of courses that give a thorough and practical 
understanding of theoretical subjects. 

Each music student regardless of his major takes a required core of both theory and history 
courses. Each individual major, then, augments the basic core requirements to meet the needs 
of performers, teachers, and church musicians. 

Attendance at a portion of faculty and student recitals is compulsory. All majors in the 
department are required to take private instruction on campus in their principal performance 
medium. Students whose major applied instrument is organ are required to study piano, 
continuing until they have attained a level of proficiency as determined by the organ staff. 
Participation in music organizations may be required of all majors. One-half hour of private 
instruction is included in the basic tuition. 

The MUSIC PERFORMANCE major is designed for those students desiring a liberal arts 
context in their preparation for a career in applied music. 

All majors are required to take an hour lesson per week in their principal performance 
medium and are expected to perform a half recital in the junior year, and a full recital in the 
senior year. 

All majors outside of the keyboard area are required to study piano (private or class) until the 
minimum requirements have been met. 

The SACRED MUSIC major prepares students for full-time work as directors of church music, 
as ministers of music, or as college teachers. The program is open to those individuals whose 
interest falls mainly within the areas of voice or organ. 

All majors are required to acquire sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as a qualified 
parish church musician. 

Majors whose principal performance medium is organ are required to study voice tor at least 
two years, one of which may be class experience. 

Majors whose principal performance medium is voice, upon admission to the program, are 
expected to show sufficient keyboard proficiencv' so that after two additional years of piano study 
(normally by the end of the sophomore year) they may benefit from a year of organ study. 

The MUSIC EDUCATION major, approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Education and 
the National Association of Schools of Music, is designed for the preparation of teachers of public 
school music. Additional courses are determined by the student's selection of a track program. 
The track programs may be of a general nature or may be a concentration in either the 
instrumental or the keyboard/vocal fields. In all cases the student participates in student teach- 
ing in elementary and secondary schools and is responsible for transportation arrangements to 
and from the teaching location. 

The music education curriculum requires voice instruction (class or private) for a minimum 
of one year and piano instruction (class or private) for a minimum of two years. A competency 
jury must be passed successfully in each area. 

Graduates of the Music Department often attend graduate school, teach in elementary and 
secondary schools and colleges and universities, perform as recitalists and serve as full and part- yv/«5;c 85 

time church musicians. Graduate schools represented by LVC music alumni include Eastman 
School of Music, the University of Michigan, Iowa State, the University of Miami, Penn State 
University. Arizona State and The University of North Carolina to name a few. Other graduates of 
the college hold such varied positions as free-lance musician/composer and former assistant 
musical director of the ABC Dick Cavett Show Orchestra, professor of music at West Chester 
State College, first chair french horn for the Philadelphia Orchestra, and president of Music 
Educators National Conference (MENC). 

Degrees: BA. degree with a major in applied music. BA. degree with a major in sacred 
music. B.S. degree with a major in music education. 

Majors: (Core Courses) Music 115, 116, 117, 118, 215, 217, 226, 246. 316, 341/342, 530, 

(Applied Music) Core courses plus Music 132 (for voice majors) 224, 315, 329, 351-354 
(for organ majors), and 462, for a minimum of 49 credits. 

(Sacred Music) Core courses plus Music 132, 224, 315, 321, 322, 347, 351-354 (for organ 
majors) 421, and 422, for a minimum of 55 credits. 

(Music Education) Core courses plus Music 227. 231, 232, 334, 335, 337, 441, 607 and 
the choice of one of the following track systems: 

General: Music 123, 124, 328, 333, 336, 338, 345 or 347, 416, 402 or 404, for a minimum of 

72 credits. 

Instrumental: Music 123, 124, 328, 336, 338, 345, 402, and 416, for a minimum of 69 

ey board-Vocal: Music 123, 132, 333, 347, and 404, for a minimum of 66oe credits. 

86 Music 

Courses In Music 

Theory of Music 

115. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music 
including notation, scales, inteivais. and triads: the connec- 
tion of triads by harmonizing melodies and basses with 
fundamental triads: playing of simple cadences at the piano: 
analysis of phrases and periods. 2 credits. 

116. Harmony H. A study of inversions of triads. se\'enth 
and ninth chords, harmonizations of melodies and figured 
basses: analysis and composition of the smaller forms: 
modulation. 2 credits. 

117. Ear IVaining and Sight Singing I. A beginning 
course in the singing and aural recognition of inteA'als. 
scales, triads and simple harmonic progressions. 2 credits. 

118. Ear IVaining and Sight Singing II. A continua 
tion of the above with emphasis on more difficult tonal 
problems. Sight singing exercises in four clefs emplo\'ing 
modal melodies, remote modulation, super-imposed back- 
ground and meter are studied. Corrective dictation and 
aural recognition of more difficult harmonic patterns are 
stressed. 2 credits. 

215. Harmony III. The use of dominant and diminished 
sevenths as embellishments of and substitutes for diatonic 
harmony: harmonization of melodies and figured basses: 
analysis of two and three-part song forms: composition in 
two-part song form. Playing of more advanced cadences 
and modulations at the piano. 2 credits. 
217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. A 
course designed to develop the student's knowledge of spe- 
cific musical styiles resulting from the synthesis of music's 
constituent and expressive elements. The study is ap- 
proached through listening to. discussing, and analyzing 
compositions representing a variety of styles and media. 
Other course objectives include: acquaintance with litera- 
ture, comprehensive apptication of the basics of music the- 
ory, and development of musicianship. 2 credits. 
224. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counter- 
point through three and four-part work in all the species. 
2 credits. 

226. Fbrm and Analysis I. A study of simple and com- 
pound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and 
sonata forms. Compositions in these forms are studied pri- 
marily for their structural content. Course includes exten- 
sive listening. 2 credits. 

315. Elementary Composition. Melody analysis and 
writing: four-part choral writing: continuation of two and 
three-part song-form analysis and composition. Composi- 
tion in theme and variations, fantasia, rondo, and dance 
forms. Study of contemporary harmonic ideas. Majors in 
music and sacred music. 2 credits. 

316. Keyboard Harmony. Work at the piano includes 
reading from figured bass and score reading. Additional 
work includes transposition and improvisation. (Students 
are placed in elementary, intermediate or advanced sections 
on the basis of keyboard ability. The successlul completion 

of a piano jury is required for admission to the course. 2 

329. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis 
and listening of fugal forms, suite, overture, complete so- 
nata forms (evolution of the symphony), string quartet, the 
tone poem. Analysis of classical and contemporary works in 
these forms. Majors in music. 2 credits. 
420. Arranging and Scoring for the Stage Band. 
Study of modern harmony, modulation, style analysis, spe- 
cial instrumental effects as applied to modern arranging. 
Laboratory analysis and demonstration of sectional and en- 
semble voicings. 2 credits. 

416. Orchestration. Study of instrumentation, devices, 
techniques, and mechanics of scoring transcriptions, ar- 
rangements and solos for orchestra and concert band: spe- 
cial work in scoring for mi.xed ensembles as they occur in 
public schools. Lahoraton,' analysis and demonstration of 
various instrumental colors and combinations. Emphasis is 
placed on creative scoring. 2 credits. 

Methods and Materials 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Ele- 
mentary. A comprehensive study of general music teach- 
ing at the elemental' level, including the rationale for 
building a music education curriculum, current emphases 
in music education, varied approaches for developing con- 
ceptual learning, movement, playing classroom instru- 
ments, introduction to Orff and Kodaly techniques, creative 
applications, guided listening, the child voice, materials, 
and interest centers for open classrooms. 3 credits. 

334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Ju- 
nior High School. Materials and approaches for junior 
high school general music, attention to the organization 
and presentation of a varied program, and recent trends in 
teaching. Adolescent voices, creative applications, improvi- 
sation, guided listening, interest centers, units of study, 
and characteristics of youth. .3 credits. 

335. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Fburth, 
Fifth and Sixth Grades. A study of methods and ma- 
terials used in teaching band and orchestral instruments to 
children in these grades, with emphasis on a sound rhyth- 
mic approach. Both individual and class techniques are 
studied. Musical rudiments as applied to instrumental 
teaching are reviewed. 2 credits. 

336. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Junior 
and Senior High School. A study of intermediate and 
advanced instrumental teaching techniques: methods of 
organizing and directing school orchestras and bands: fun- 
damentals of musicianship. 2 credits. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Prob- 
lems. A study of the general and specific problems which 
confront the director of school orchestras, bands, and in- 
strumental classes. Problems of general interest include: 
organization and management, stimulating and maintain- 
ing interest: selecting beginners: scheduling rehearsals and 

Music 87 

88 Music 

class lessons; financing and purchasing instruments, uni- 
forms, and other equipment: marching band formations 
and drills: evaluating music materials: organizing festivals, 
contests, and public performances. 2 credits. 

404. Music Education Seminar: Secondary Level. 
A study of aspects of secondary' school vocal music curric- 
ulum and related course offerings. Topics with which a high 
school choral teacher or director of music will need to be 
knowledgeable are investigated with particular attention 
given to those problems relating to the responsibilities of 
the vocal music teacher. Philosophy of music education, 
music theater, tests and measurements, elective courses, 
planning inservice events, and choral materials. 2 credits. 

405. Methods in Piano Pedagogy. A study of methods 
of teaching piano to children and adults. The in- 
cludes the song approach method, presentation of the fun- 
damental principles of rhythm, sight reading, tone quality, 
form, technique, pedaling, transposition, and the harmo- 
nization of simple melodies. Materials are examined and 
discussed. 2 credits. 

412. Electronic Music. An introduction to the use and 
function of synthesizers and their application to the elec- 
tronic music field, with special attention to the education 
area, live performance, and integration with studio equip- 
ment. 7 credit. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. .A 
course designed to acquaint the student with the organiza- 
tion, direction and management of the church music pro- 
gram. General and specific problems which confront the 
church musician are discussed. Topics of concern include 
the planning and development of a sound choir program 
with emphasis on solicitation of participants and the main- 
tenance of interest: the methods and techniques of re- 
hearsal: the preparation of budget and the management of 
funds: the incorporation of the church year in the selection 
of literature: committee and pastoral relationships. Sacred 
music majors. 2 credits. 

Student Teaching 

441. Student Teaching. Each student spends a semester 
in the Music Department of an area public school under 
the supervision of cooperating teachers. Experiences are 
provided according to the individual student's selection of 
a track program, with emphasis on general, instrumental, 
or keyboard/vocal areas. Requirements are: (Da cumula- 
tive grade-point average of 2,0 during the first six semesters 
in college, (2) ability to demonstrate proficiency in the 
competencies for music teachers as set forth by the Penn- 
sylvania Department of Education, (3) successful comple- 
tion of piano and voice juries: (4) approval by the music 

Instrumental Courses 

Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instru- 
ments. Practical courses in which students, in addition to 
being taught the fundamental principles underlying the 
playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to 

play on instruments of each group, viz,, string, woodwind, 
brass, and percussion. Problems of class procedure in pub- 
lic schools are discussed: transposition of all instruments is 
taught. Ensemble playing is an integral part of these 

Brass Instruments (Trumpet [Cornetl, Horn, Trombone, 
Baritone, TUba) 

123. Brass I. A study of two of the above instruments, 1 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the above 
instruments. 1 credit. 

Percussion Instruments (Snare Drum. Timpani. Bass 
Dnim, etc.) 

227. Percussion I. A study of snare drum only, ce credit. 
328. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the 
above instruments, ce credit. 

Woodwind Instruments (Clarinet, Flute, Piccolo, Oboe, 
Saxophone, Bassoon) 

231. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet, / credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the above 
instruments. 1 credit. 

String Instruments (Violin. Viola, Cello, String Bass) 

337. String I. A study of all of the above instruments. 1 

338. String II. A continuation of the study of all of the 
above instruments. 1 credit. 

420. Instrumental Seminar — Brass. Application of 
specific techniques to problems of class instruction. Pre- 
requisite: Music 124. Vl' or 1 credit. 
430. Instrumental Seminar — Percussion. Applica- 
tion of specific techniques to problems of class instruction. 
Prerequisite: Music 328. '• - or 1 credit. 
440. Instrumental Seminar — String. Application of 
specific techniques to problems of class instruction. Pre- 
requisite: Music 338. '/j or 1 credit. 
450. Instrumental Seminar — ^Woodwind. Applica- 
tion of specific techniques to problems of class instruction. 
Prerequisite: Music 232. '/-j or 1 credit. 

Music Organizations 

Opportunities for individual performance in a group ex- 
perience are provided by music organizations. Membership 
in the organizations is open on an audition basis to all 
students of the college. 

601. Symphonic and Marching Band. The Blue and 
White Marching Band of L.V.C. is noted for its half-time 
performances during the football season. In the Symphonic 
Band the finest original music for band is performed, as 
well as arrangements of the standard repertoire. Member- 
ship in the band is dependent upon the ability of the appli- 
cant and the instrumentation of the band. Students from 
all departments of the college are invited to audition. No 

603. Symphony Orchestra. The Symphony Orchestra 
is an organization of symphonic proportions maintaining a 
high standard of performance. A professional interpretation 
of a wide range of standard orchestral literature is insisted 
upon. No credit. 

604. Concert Choir. The Concert Choir is composed of 
approximately fifty voices, selected by audition. All phases 
of choral literature are studied intensively. In addition to 
on-campus programs and appearances on radio and televi- 
sion, the Concert Choir makes an annual tour. No credit. 

605. College Chorus.* The College Chorus provides an 
opportunity to study and participate in the presentation of 
choral literature of major composers from all periods of 
music history. It is open to all students who are interested 
in this type of musical performance and who have had 
some experience in singing. Sacred music majors. No 

606. Chapel Choir. The Chapel Choir is composed of 
approximately forty voices, selected by audition. The main 
function of this choir is to provide musical leadership in 
the college's chapel services. In addition, seasonal services 
of choral music are prepared. No credit. 

607. Beginning Ensemble. A training hand and orches- 
tra in which students play secondary instruments and be- 
come acquainted with elementary band and orchestral lit- 
erature. Opportunity is given for advanced conducting 
students to gain experience in conducting. No credit. 

608. Wind Ensemble. The Wind Ensemble provides an 
opportunity for advanced players of wind and percussion 
instruments to play the growing repertoire of music being 
written for this medium. In addition, standard cla.ssical 
works for wind and/or percussion instruments are played. 
The members of this organization are chosen by audition. 
No credit. 

Instrumental Small Ensembles. Open to the advanced 
player on an audition basis. 

611. String Tfio. A'o crec///. 

612. String Quartet. No credit. 

613. Clarinet Choir. Ab credit. 

614. Woodwind Quintet. Ab credit. 

615. Brass Ensemble. Ab credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. Ab credit. 

617. Saxophone Trio. Ab credit. 

618. Saxophone Quartet. Ab credit. 

619. Saxophone Quintet. No credit. 

620. Saxophone Ensemble. Ab credit. 

621. Flute Ensemble. Ab credit. 

622. Horn Ensemble. Ab credit. 

The History and Appreciation of Music 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. A course for 
the non-music major designed to increase the individual's 
musical perceptiveness. Through selective, intensive listen- 
ing, the student develops concepts of musical materials and 
techniques. The vocabulary thus gained is utilized in a 
survey of Western music beginning with the 20th century 
and progressing backwards to the Middle Ages. This course 

is designed primarily for the student with no previous mu- 
sical background. May not he taken it' student completed 
Music 341 and/or 342. 3 credits. 

321. Hymnology. A study of the historical development 
of hymns and hymn singing and an in-depth approach to 
the current hymnodical practices of the Christian churches. 
Sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar. A study of 
sacred choral literature to extend the scope of the student's 
familiarity with major works and to promote further inves- 
tigation. Emphasis is placed upon the development of 
sound aesthetic judgment in selecting literature for various 
liturgical settings. Examination is made of standard orato- 
rios, requiems, cantatas and anthems; sources for materials 
are identified. Sacred music majors. 2 credits. 
341/342. History and Literature of Music I, II. A 
survey course of the history of Western music. Emphasis is 
placed on the various stylistic developments which have 
occurred from one era to another, on the composers who 
have been responsible for these developments, and the mu- 
sic written during these various eras illustrating these sty- 
listic trends. For this purpose, extensive use of recordings 
is made a part of the course. The first semester includes 
the development of music up to the Baroque era. the second 
semester from the Baroque to the present. May not be 
taken it' student completed .^lusic 100. 3 credits per semes- 

351, 352, 353, 354. Organ Seminar I, H, HI, IV. A 
four-semester sequence based upon the investigation and 
study of the following; 351 — Organ Design and Registra- 
tion; 352 — Organ History and Literature. (Early times 
through the mid-Baroque with emphasis upon French and 
German music); 353— Organ Histon,' and Literature. (An 
investigation of the organ literature of J. S. Bach and his 
contemporaries: organ literature of the nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries.); 354 — Church Serx'ice Playing; Re- 
quired for organ students majoring in music and sacred 
music; open to other students with the approval of the 
instructor. 2 credits per semester. 

406. Piano Seminar. A survey of the history of the 
piano including a brief review of its predecessors; a study of 
the literature for the instrument, with special emphasis on 
that available to the average student; a study of the prob- 
lems encountered in the preparation of piano material, its 
presentation in recital, and related pedagogical problems. 
Required for all piano studerits majoring in music: open to 
other students with the approval of the instructor 2 cred- 

421. Liturgy. A study of the music and its forms as 
related to the historical development of the current practice 
of the service of the Christian churches. Sacred music ma- 
jors. 2 credits. 

462. Music Literature Seminar. A study of music lit- 
erature to extend the scope of students' familiarity with 
major instrumental works and to promote further investi- 
gation. Designed especially for the major in music with 
application of accumulated knowledge In theory, music his- 

Music 89 

Music Edu- 

(See Music) 

tory. and musical form. The course includes examination of 
various theories of aesthetics as they apply to music, a 
survey of orchestral literature, study of twentieth-century 
compositions, and student pursuit of a project of each in- 
dividual's own interest. Applied music majors. 3 credits. 


246. Principles of Conducting. Principles of conduct- 
ing and the technique of the baton are presented. Each 
student conducts vocal and instrumental ensembles made 
up of the class personnel. 2 credits. 
345. Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical 
work with instrumental groups. Rehearsal techniques are 
applied through individual experience. J? crerf/fc, 
347. Choral Conducting. Further refinement of the 
conductors basic technique applied to the choral idiom. 
Laborator\' situations will prox'ide for training in areas of 
rehearsal procedures, materials, and special problems of 
choral conducting: diction, tonal development and st\'le. 2 

Applied Music Instruction 

132. Diction for Singers. .An introduction to the pro- 
nunciation of singers English. German. French. Italian, 
and Latin, utilizing the International Phonetic .Alphabet. 
Required lor all voice students majoring in music, all stu- 
dents majoring in sacred music, and all keyboard-vocal 
track students majoring in music education: open to other 
studejits with the approval ol' the instructor 1 credit. 
510. Class Piano Instruction. 1 credit. 
520. Class Voice Instruction. 1 credit. 
530. Individual Instruction. (Voice, Piano, Organ. Or- 
chestra and Band Instruments.) Piano study (private or 
class) is required for a minimum of two years. 1 credit. 

540. Individual Instruction. (Voice. Piano. Organ. Or- 
chestra and Band Instruments.) A charge is made for the 
second half-hour of instruction. 2 credits. 

Departmental Honors and Independent 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for the stu- 
dent who desires to engage in independent study, either 
with or without departmental honors. 1-3 credits per se- 
mester. (Maximum of 9). 

The Student Recitals 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all stu- 
dents in acquainting them with a wide range of the best 
musical literature, in developing musical taste and discrim- 
ination, in affording experience in appearing before an au- 
dience, and in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve control 
and stage demeanor. Students at all levels of performance 
appear in these student recitals. 


90 Music 

Lebanon Valley College has developed a cooperative program in Nuclear Medicine Technology 
with the University of Virginia Medical Center. The student spends three years at Lebanon Valley 
College, taking a minimum of 92 semester hours. During the junior year, application is made to 
the University of Virginia Medical Center's School of Nuclear Medicine Technology, and if 
accepted into their program, the student spends the fourth year at that institution. After 
successfully completing this course of study the degree of Bachelor of Science, with a major in 
nuclear medicine technology, is awarded by Lebanon Valley College. 

Requirements: Biology IIL 112, 201, 202, 291 (Special Topics in Human Anatomy); 
Chemistry 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215; Physics 103 and 104 or 111 and 112; Mathematics 
102 and 161, or 161 and 166; Computer Programming 170; courses to meet the general 
requirements (to include one course in psychology and one course in sociology) and an overall 
minimum of 92 hours of work which includes two hours of physical education). The following 
courses are strongly recommended: Chemistry 216; Physics 211; Mathematics 170. 

The study of philosophy at Lebanon Valley College directly involves the student in the process 
of sharpening critical and analytical abilities. This is accomplished by relatively small classes 
which are taught by a combination of the lecture and the discussion method. In advanced 
courses the discussion method is predominant. In all classes heavy emphasis is placed upon the 
writing of critical and analytic papers dealing with various aspects of philosophical thought as it 
pertains, for example, to the questions and issues of knowledge, human values and conduct, 
history, politics, religion, science, society, and the nature of human beings. Lebanon Valley 
College offers such study since it is a vitally important part of liberal learning. 

Extensive studies in philosophy, whether done by means of a full major specialization, or 
through the taking of a number of courses, provides an excellent background and preparation 
for post-graduate activities such as law school and legal studies, business, theological and 
seminary training. Undergraduate study in philosophy is also an appropriate field of intellectual 
activity for the student who is not preparing for any specific vocation or profession and who 
desires a broad undergraduate exposure to humanistic learning. 

Students, even those planning for specialized occupation following their graduation with a 
major in philosophy, are encouraged to pursue a double major with another discipline such as 
English literature, a foreign language, religion, history, or business. A double major is easily 
arranged and will aid in insuring a broader program of study in liberal learning. 

Degree: B A. degree with a major in philosophy. 

Major: Philosophy 120 plus an additional 21 hours of philosphy courses for a total of 24 


\i,'closOfii{^ p .^ouvy\ .x|| If 


**™*"»TOi nftron 

Philosophy 91 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. An introduction to some 
of the main problems of philosophy and to the ways in 
which leading philosophers have dealt with them. As part 
of this course, students learn the critical analysis of ideas. 
3 credits. 

120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear 
and effective thinking. Attention is given to the logic of 
meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the logic of fac- 
tual inquiry. Main emphasis is laid upon deductive logic, 
and students are introduced to the elements of symbolic 
logic as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 3 credits. 
228. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of eth- 
ics, with an examination of the responses of major ethical 
theories to those problems. 3 credits. 
231. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues 
raised for philosophy by contemporapi' religious and theo- 
logical thought. A critical examination of such problems as 
faith and reason: the meaning of revelation, symbolism, 
and language: the arguments for the existence of God: faith 
and history: religion and culture. 

240. Philosophy in the United States. A survey of 
philosophical thought in the United States from the colo- 
nial period to the present, with emphasis on the work of 
Peirce. James, and Dewey. 3 credits. 
323. Greek Philosophy. A study of the evolution of phi- 
losophy from its origin in the speculations of the pre-Socra- 

tlc nature philosophers to the work of Hellenistic philoso- 
phers of the fourth century, with emphasis on the thought 
of Plato and Aristotle. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or con- 
sent of the instructor. 3 credits. 

326. Medieval Philosophy. The history of philosophy is 
traced from the decline of the Hellenistic Age to the Re- 
naissance, with emphasis on the development and subse- 
quent criticism of the systematic elaborations of the school- 
men of the late Middle Ages. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 
or consent of the instructor. 3 credits. 

333. Modem Philosophy. This course follows the devel- 
opment of philosophic thought in the writings of the prin- 
cipal thinkers from the Renaissance to the beginning of the 
nineteenth century, with emphasis on the work of Hume 
and Kant. Prerequisite: Philosophy 110 or consent of the 
instructor 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examination 
of the foremost American, British, and Continental philos- 
ophers from 1900 to the present. Prerequisite: Philosophy 
110 or consent of the instructor 3 credits. 
350-359. Special Topics in Philosophy. 3 credits per 

442. Seminar. Discussion of selected problems of philos- 
ophy. Open to upperclassmen only, with consent of the 
instructor. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: consent of the 
instructor. 3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 


Pl^sical Ed- 

Although the Department of Physical Education does not offer a major, the College requires 
graduates to have completed two courses in physical education. 

The objectives of the program are to encourage attitudes and habits of good health and fitness, 
to develop physical capacities and skills, to promote sportsmanship, and to provide activities 
which will enrich leisure throughout life. 

92 Phys.Ed. 

Courses in Physical Education 

101. Aerobics. Definition, types of programs, health and 
diet, physiological benefits, facilities and opportunities, life 
fitness. 1 credit. 

104. Archery. Safety, rules, technique and form, scoring. 
1 credit. 

107. Badminton. Rules, court variances, techniques of 
serve and strokes, tournaments in singles and doubles. 1 

110. Basketball. Rules, passing, shooting, dribbling, de- 
fensive and offensive strategies. 1 credit. 
113. Bowling. History, rules, etiquette, terminology, 
scoring, equipment selection, technique. 1 credit. 
116. Cycling. Safety: equipment selection, repair, and 
maintenance: techniques: benefits. 1 credit. 

119. Dance. Basic and intermediate steps and turns: va- 
rieties, including disco, rock, waltz, cha-cha, etc. 1 credit 
122. Fitness. Advantages, varieties of programs and ac- 
tivities, aerobics, weight control and diet, isometric and 
isotonic strength, weight-training and muscle tone, cardi- 
ovascular endurance. 1 credit. 

125. Golf. Rules: etiquette: grip, stance, and swing for 
irons and woods: chipping and putting techniques: strategy. 
/ credit. 

128. Lifesaving. American Red Cross Lifesaving Course. 
Students must possess strong swimming skills, especially 
a strong scissors kick, to be admitted to the course. Evalu- 
ation based on class performances, quizzes, practical and 
written examinations. Red Cross certification for those who 
fulfill requirements. 

131. Racquetball I. Rules, court terminology, warm-up. 
shots, techniques, tactics for singles and doubles. / credit. 
134. Racquetball II. Advanced skills and strategies. Lad- 
der tournaments in singles and doubles. 1 credit. 
137. Soccer. TVadition. rules, equipment, techniques, 
skills, tactics, team formations. 1 credit. 
140. Softball. TVadition; positions: throwing, fielding, 
and batting skills; situations and tactics; competition. 1 

143. Swimming. Vfeter safetv'; survival floating: treading 
water; elementary forms of rescue; mechanics of crawl, 
backstroke, hreaststroke, sidestroke, and front dive. 1 credit. 
146. Tennis. TVadition. etiquette, court variances, basic 

strokes, serve, net play, strategy, and scoring. / credit. 
149. Touch Football. Origin and development, rules and 
scoring, techniques and skills, strategy, competition. 1 

152. Volleyball. Rules, techniques of serves and shots, 
offensive and defensive tactics, competition. / credit. 
155. Weight IVaining. Safety, preparation, muscle tone, 
stretching and tle.xibility. weight control, strength lifts (uni- 
versal and free weights), competitive lifting. 1 credit. 
160. Two Varsity Sports. Student engages in a Rill and 
Winter intercollegiate sport. 

163. Two Varsity Sports. Student engages in a Winter 
and Spring intercollegiate sport. 

The Department of Physics at Lebanon Valley College attempts to develop in the student an 
increased understanding of the basic laws of nature as they relate to our physical environment, 
and to indicate the possible extent, as well as the limitations, of our knowledge of the physical 

In this age of science and technology when members of a free society must make decisions on 
such issues as the size of a national space program, the rate of development of nuclear energy, 
and the control of environmental pollution, physics has an important contribution to make 
toward the liberal education of people involved in the decision-making process. 

The Department of Physics strives to be of service to as many students as possible in a variety 
of curriculum. For those who will not pursue a science major the department offers a course 
dealing with the impact of physics on society. For those with a strong interest in music the 
department offers a course in the physics of music. 

Since physics, as the basic natural science dealing with forces, motion, energy, heat, sound, 
light, electromagnetism, electronics, atomic structure, and the structure and interactions of all 
matter, underlies work in all other natural sciences as well as the areas of applied science 


Physics 93 

including engineering, the department offers comprehensive introductoi'v courses for students 
majoring in any of the natural sciences. 

For those students who plan careers in the field of physics, or in engineering, or in any area in 
which several natural sciences overlap (astrophysics, biophysics, geophysics, and computer 
science), the department offers a three or four year sequence of courses to prepare for fiature 
employment or for further study in a chosen field. 

Laborator\' work is an integral part of all physics courses, and is designed to acquaint the 
student with the experimental techniques and the measuring instnjments appropriate to the 
various areas of investigation. 

To the graduate with a degree in physics, positions are available in research and development 
in governmental laboratories, such as the National Bureau of Standards. Goddard Space Center, 
Naval Research Laboratory, and also in industrial laboratories. Those students who have had a 
semester of professional preparation in teaching will find jobs available in the teaching of physics 
and mathematics in secondary schools. A background in phx'sics may also prepare a student for 
study at the graduate level not only in physics, but also in x'arious fields of engineering, i 
astronomy and astrophysics, geology and geophysics, meterologx'. biophysics, computer science I 
and others. ' 

Recent LVC graduates in physics hold such x'aried positions as technical research assistant at 
Hershey Medical Center, electrical engineer at the U.S. Naval Air Dex'elopment Center, research 
physicist with Exxon Corporation, control systems engineer with Bechtel Power Corp., and 
nuclear power plant insttument engineer, Arizona Public Service. Graduate schools represented 
include the University' of Penn.sylvania, Indiana University of Pennsylvania and S.U.N.Y. at 
Binghamton, NY. 

Degree: B.S. degree with a major in physics. 

Major: Physics 111, 112, 211, 311, 321, 322, plus six additional semester hours (at least two 
in experimental phvsics), for a total of 30 hours. Also required are Math 161, 162, 261, and 266 

94 Physics 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course designed to 
acquaint the student, especially the non-science major, 
with some of the important concepts of phvsics, both clas- 
sical and modern, and with the scientific method, its nature 
and lis limitations. The role of physics in the histor>' of 
thought and its relationships to other disciplines and to 
society and government are considered. The weekly two- 
hour laboratory' period provides experience in the acquisi- 
tion, representation, and analysis of e.xperimental data, and 
demonstration of the physical phenomena with which the 
course deals, 4 credits. 

103, 104. General College Physics 1, II. .An introduc 
tion to the fundamental concepts and laws of the \'arious 
branches of physics, including mechanics, heat, sound, 
electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear 
structure, with laboratory work in each area. 4 credits per 

110. The Physics of Music. This course, for students 
with an interest in music, comprises a study of wave mo- 
tion, the analysis and synthesis of waves, resonance, physi- 
cal characteristics of music sounds, musical instruments. 
the reproduction and amplification of sound, and the 
acoustical properties of rooms. .-1 working knowledge of 
algebra and trigonometry is required. 3 credits. 

111, 112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introductory 
course in classical physics, designed for students who desire 
a more rigorous mathematical approach to college physics 
than is given in Physics 103. 104. Calculus is used through- 
out. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and heat, 
and the second semester to electricity, magnetism, and 
optics, with laboratory work in each area. This course 
should be followed by Physics 211. Prerequisite or core- 
quisite: Mathematics 111 or 161. 4 credits per semester. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. .4n introduction to 
modern physics, including the foundation of atomic phys- 
ics, the quantum theory of radiation, and atomic nucleus, 
radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with laboratory work in 
each area. Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 112. 4 credits. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of elec- 
trons and electronic devices, including diodes, transistors, 
power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, switching circuits, 
and integrated circuits, with laboratory work in each area. 
Prerequisite: Physics 104 or 112. or permission of the in- 
structor 4 credits. 

311, 312. Analytical Mechanics 1, II. A rigorous 
study of classical mechanics, including the motion of a 
single particle, the motion of a system of particles, and the 
motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic mo- 
tion, the central force problem, the Euler description of 
rigid body motion, and the Lagrange generalization of New- 
tonian mechanics are among the topics treated. Prerequi- 
sites: Physics 111 and Mathematics 266. 3 credits per se- 

321, 322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. Theory of 
the basic phenomena of electromagnetism, together with 
the application of fundamental principles to the solving of 
problems. The electric and magnetic properties of matter. 

direct current circuits, alternating current circuits, the 
Maxwell field equations, and the propagation of electromag- 
netic waves are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: 
Physics 112 and Mathematics 266. 3 credits per semester 

327/328. Experimental Physics I, II. Experimental 
work selected from the areas of mechanics. .4.0. and D.C. 
electrical measurements, optics, atomic physics, or nuclear 
physics, with emphasis on experimental design, measuring 
techniques, and analysis of data. FYerequisite: Physics 211. 
1 credit per semester 

421, 422. Modern Physics I, II. A study of selected 
topics in modern physics, utilizing the methods of quan- 
tum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is solved for 
such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, the lin- 
ear oscillator, and the hydrogen atom. Perturbation tech- 
niques and the operator formalism of quantum mechanics 
are introduced where appropriate. Prerequisites: Physics 
211 and Mathematics 266. or permission of the instructor 
3 credits per semester. 

430. The Ibaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. 

A course designed to acquaint the student with some of the 
special methods, programs, and problems in the teaching 
of physics in secondary schools. Required tor secondary 
certification in physics. 1 credit. 

480. Special Topics in Physics. A course in one or 
more of the following areas of physics is offered each se- 
mester, and is open, with the approval of the instructor, to 
juniors and seniors from any department. 

(a) Thermodynamics. 3 credits. 

(b) Statistical Mechanics. 3 credits. 

(c) O^Wcs. 3 credits. 

(d) Nuclear Physics. 3 credits. 

(e) Solid State Physics. 3 credits. 

(f) Mathematical Physics. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. An experimental or theoretical 
investigation in a selected area of physics under the super- 
vision of a physics staff member. Open to all physics majors 
with the permission of the departmental chairman. 1-3 
credits per semester. (Ma.ximum of 9). 


(See History and Fblitical Science) 

Psychology has as its objectives the understanding of people and the fostering of their well- 
being. The study of psychology is therefore an important part of a liberal education as well as 
preparation for many careers. Upon graduation, some psychology majors pursue graduate study 
in clinical, counseling, experimental, or industrial psychology programs. Other graduates have 
obtained professional degrees in social work, medicine, business, education, and the ministry. 
Many of our majors, who have chosen not to go to graduate school, hold responsible positions 
that make use of their psychology training in industry, government, hospitals, and community 

To assist students in selecting a program that fits their individual career goals, the department 
has identified seven tracks: clinical, counseling, or school psychology or psychobiology; human 


Psychology 95 

development; industrial/organizational psychology; social psychology; general psychology — of- 
ten part of a double major with another academic field. 

In addition to course work there is a program of directed studies, developed individually, to 
introduce the student to research, or to permit pursuing particular academic interests by 
reading, by projects in the laboratory, or by supervised work in a school or agency. There is also 
an internship program which may include off-campus, full-time work during the summer and 
part-time work during the academic year. There are semester programs in Philadelphia and 

Degree: B A. degree with a major in psychology. 

Major: Psychology 100, 120, 216, 236, 343 and 443; one of the following: 235, 335, 444; and 
two of the following: 321, 332, 346, and 431 — for a minimum of 27 hours. Students with 
particular career goals or special academic programs may receive departmental approval to 
adjust major requirements to individual needs. 

96 Psychology 

Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. Psy- 
chological approaches to the study of the person as the 
individual develops and interacts with others. Representa- 
tive topics are: human development, learning, arousal, mo- 
tivation, sex. aggression, the self, self-control and morality, 
abnormal behavior, interpersonal attraction, dependency 
and social attachment. 3 credits. 

120. Psychology: By Experiment. An introduction to 
psychology as a laboratory science, emphasizing research 
with people, but including studies of animal behavior. The 
relations of the perceived world to the physical environ- 
ment, the uses of reward to modify behavior, ways in which 
meaning influences verbal learning, and the effects' of new 
experiences upon memories are among the topics to be 
presented. The course is not a complete survey of psychol- 
ogy, but a study of selected sets of experiments to indicate 
significant principles and the methods used to verify them. 
3 credits. 

216. Experimental Methods in Behavioral Science. 

The various methods which enable students to critically 
evaluate behavioral research findings. Experimental and 
correlational procedures are applied to problems in behav- 
ioral research, biomedical research, and program evaluation 
in health and human service agencies. Prerequisite: Psy- 
chology 100 or 120 taken preciously or concurrently. 3 

220. Educational Psychology. Review of the psycho- 
logical literature concerning cognitive, behavioral, emo- 
tional and social effects of typical educational influences. 
Required for state certification in elementary and music 
education. Prerequisite: Psychology 1(10 or 120. 3 credits. 
23S. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. Review of 
major areas of investigation of visual, auditory and other 
sensory systems. Psychophysical methods, and principles of 
sensory differentiation and field organization are included. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 120. 3 credits. 

236. Learning and Memory. Instrumental and classical 
conditioning techniques are compared and related to theo- 
ries of human and animal learning and motivation. Basic 
methods in the investigation of verbal learning are intro- 
duced. Analyses of learning include cognitive processes. 
Prerequisite: Psychology 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

237. Laboratory Investigations I: Sensory and Per- 
ceptual Processes. Experiments with human subjects 
coordinated with topics in Psychology 235. Students select 
sensory/perceptual problems for investigation, have a part 
in the design of experiments, conduct trials, do statistical 
computation, and inteipret the results. Prerequisites: Psy- 
chology 120. 216. Corequisite: Psychology 23.5. 1 credit. 

238. Laboratory Investigations II: Learning. Ani- 
mal and human learning experiments coordinated with 
topics in Psychology 236. Simple learning situations are 
demonstrated. Students conduct investigations, analyze data, 
and write reports. Prerequisite: Psychology 100 or 120. 
Corequisite: Psychology 236. 1 credit. 

300. Cinematic Conceptions of Man. Viewing films 
as literary works, an examination of the thematic, stylistic, 
and structural statements and assertions concerning man's 
actions and psychology that are made by auteurs. and in- 
volved in film genres and historical periods. Specific topics 
(e.g.. Fellini. Antonioni. the Western, and Neo-RealismI to 
be selected each term, and discussions will be based upon 
films in a film series illustrating the topic, a series held in 
conjunction with the cownt.May be taken twice for credit. 
3 credits. 

321. Childhood and Development. The study of cog- 
nitive, social and emotional change over the life span, as 
well as the psychological effects of physical growth. Special 
attention is given to research studies, developmental mech- 
anisms and theories of development. Students are encour- 
aged to conduct research with children. Prerequisite: Psy- 
chology 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. An in- 
troduction to basic psychometric theory, and an oven'iew^ 
of selected personality, ability and attitude measures. Pre- 
requisites: Psychology 100 or 120: Psychology 216. .^lath- 
ematics 170. or consent of instructor. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. The student 
evaluates published studies and identifies problems in the 
design and execution of both laboratory and applied studies. 
Factorial designs, multivariate techniques, and non-para- 
metric statistics are covered in clinical, organizational, ed- 
ucational and laboratory settings. Prerequisites: Psychology 
100 or 120. 216, or permission of the instructor 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. The application of 
basic psychological principles and findings to problems of 
organizational behavior and psychology in industry. Topics 
to include ecological psychology — man environment rela- 
tions, systems design and analysis, human factors engi- 
neering, and the evaluation of the impact of the organiza- 
tion on the individual. Prerequisite: Psychology 100 or 120. 
3 credits. 

343. Personality. Reasons for individuality and consis- 
tency in the lives of persons are studied. Attention is typi- 
cally given to the role of aggression, altruism, anxiety, com- 
petence, dependency, and sexuality. Psychoanalysis, 
existential-phenomenology and social learning are among 
the major personality theories to be studied. Prerequisites: 

Psychology 100 or 120: junior or senior standing, or per- 
mission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. The study of how groups or 
other individuals interpersonally and intrapersonally affect 
the individual. Emphasis is given to the review of research 
studies and theories. Topics include: attitude development 
and change, conformity, persuasion, person perception, at- 
tribution, attraction, norms, and small groups. Prerequi- 
sites: Psychology 100 or 120: junior or senior standing, or 
permission of the instructor 3 credits. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. The study 
of personal problems, including alcohol and drug depen- 
dence, brain disorders, criminal and psychopathic behavior, 
psychoneurosis, psychosomatic reactions, psychoses, sexual 
deviations, subnormal intelligence, suicide, and the disor- 
ders of childhood and adolescence. Prerequisites: Psychol- 
ogy 100 or 120: junior or senior standing, or permission 
of the instructor. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. An intro- 
duction to the work of psychologists in understanding and 
assisting persons who have problems. Particular attention 
is given to clinical inter\'iewing: projective techniques, test- 
ing and diagnosing: individual and group therapy: marriage 
and family counseling: and play therapy with children. Field 
work in a clinical setting. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 
120: 431 or nursing training with psychiatric affiliation, or 
permission of the instructor 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. Philosophical issues, areas 
and trends of investigation, and "schools of psychology" 
prior to 1940. Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120 and 
236: junior or senior standing, or permission of the in- 
structor. 3 credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. How biological pro- 
cesses interrelate with behavioral events in learning, think- 
ing, feeling, perceiving, and striving, including neural and 
hormonal bases for learning, memow, and personality. 
Findings in biofeedback, sexuality, sleep, and behavior dis- 
orders are examined. Prerequisite: Psychology 100 or 120. 
3 credits. 

400. Internship. An applied and academic program 
which combines work in community mental health and 
related agencies, hospitals and schools, with discussions, 
guided reading, and systematized observations. Prerequi- 
sites: Psychology 100 or 120: junior or senior standing: 
approval of instructor based on relevant coursework in 
psychology and personal attributes: approval of commu- 
nity agency. 1-6 credits per semester (Maximum of 9. or 
with departmental approval. 15). 

500. Independent Study. Individual investigation of a 
selected topic in psychology, involving either an experi- 
ment, a project in the community, or a systematic program 
of reading, each under the supervision of a member of the 
department. This includes conferences with the instructor. 
Prerequisites: Psychology 100 or 120: one additional psy- 
chology course, and permission of the department. 1-3 

Psychology 97 

RCddifl^ dud Occasionally, an incoming student may have problems with an inabiliy to comprehend college 

^ , material or an inability to study properly. It is for this student that the reading and study skills 

Stilly SKIIIS course is intended. 

110. Reading and Study Skills. A study of materials are available in the Media Center. 5/i/rfen/x u'/?o 

techniques intended to improve those skills important to have SAT verbal scores below 450 are strongly advised to 

reading and to study at the college level. Texts assigned for take the course. 1 credit. 
students' own classes are utilized, and additional resource 

Religion ^^^ program of the Department of Religion is designed to give students insight into the 

^ meaning of religion. Coursework in the department introduces the student to the various 

historical and contemporary expressions of the Judaeo-Christian heritage as well as of the diverse 

religious traditions of mankind. Such work helps the student not only to understand the 

Christian affiliation of the College but also to experience a crucial element in liberal education. 

Students major in the Department of Religion for a variety of personal and vocational reasons. 
Some people major in religion just because they are interested in it and want to study it. Some 
major in religion to prepare themselves for the lay or ordained ministry. 

Vocations to the Ordained Ministr;y. TVaditionally, many of our majors have studied religion 
as a preparation for theological school and the ordained ministry. Both men and women have 
gone on from Lebanon Valley College for the theological studies at United Methodist seminaries 
such as Drew, Wesley, Boston, United Theological (Dayton), Duke, and others. In addition, men 
and women from a wide variety of denominational backgrounds have gone on to schools as 
diverse as Bethany Theological Seminary, Oxford University, the University of Chicago, Eastern 
Baptist Theological Seminaw, Catholic University of America, and others. Students interested in 
such preparation generally would pursue the B A. degree with a major in religion. 

Vocations in Christian Education. For persons who want to pursue a lay ministry in 
Christian education, either as a full-time professional or as a volunteer, a program in Christian 
Education is available. The program is designed to provide the minimum required academic 
work for certification as an Associate in Christian Education in the United Methodist Church, as 
well as for various certification levels in other denominations. Students who desire advanced 
levels of certification are helped and encouraged to pursue appropriate graduate work. Persons 
who are already teaching in church schools, CCD programs, or parochial schools can find 
specific courses within the Christian Education program helpful for growth and enrichment. 
Elementary Education majors may concentrate in Christian Education, and Sacred Music 
majors may increase occupational flexibility through work in the progiam. Potential high school 
teachers may work within the program to acquire competence for teaching religion in public 
and parochial schools. Students interested in such preparation generally would pursue the B A 
degree with a major in religion and a concentration in Christian Education. 

Vocations to Other Fbrms of Lay Ministiy: The Double Mc^or. For persons who want 

to pursue other forms of lay ministry, the Department of Religion encourages a double major. 

98 Reading Examples of recent double majors are religion and English (for work in communications), 

religion and social service (for work in Christian and governmental social agencies), and religion 
and nursing (for missionary work). Some students work toward the career of their choice, 
adding religion as a second major in order to understand more thoroughly the Christian tradition 
which motivates and guides them in their profession. Students interested in such preparation 
generally would pursue the B A. degree with a major in religion. 

Degrees: BA. degree with a major in religion. BA. degree with a major in religion, concentra- 
tion in Christian Education. 

M^'ors: (Religion) Religion 110, 111, 112, 222, 331, 404, one course from among 202, 211, 
212, and electives (including Greek 321, 431), for a total of 30 hours. The following courses are 
recommended for a major in religion: Biology 101; Greek 101/102, 111/112; History 111/112; 
Philosophy 110, 231; Psychology 100; Sociology 110, 231. 

(Religion/Christian Education) Religion 110, 111, 112, 120, 211, 202 or 212, 222, 311, 
312, 331, 400 (minimum of 3 hours), 402; Education 110, 270; English 218; Philosophy 110; 
Psychology 100, 220, 321; Sociology 110, 232. 242. Recommended courses; Art 110, Education 
220, 260, 346, 423; English 227/228, 250-299. 344; Foreign Language course work leading to a 
Certificate of Language Proficiency; Music 100, 321, 421; Philosophy 231; Psychology 337, 343, 
346; Religion 140; Sociology 211, 302, 322. 

Courses in Religion 

110 Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the 
many dimensions of religion as a central human experience 
by examining such topics as: varieties of religious experi- 
ence and expression, religious knowledge, the self and 
meaning, religion in its sociocultural context, religion and 
the natural order, and the universal issues such as death, 
the End. evil, suffering, and the moral order. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Thought. An examina- 
tion of some of the hasic themes of Biblical religion in 
relation to their histoHcal context and their contemporaiT 
implications. 3 credits. 

112. Introduction to the Christian F^ith. A system- 
atic inquir\' into the areas of religious language, religious 
knowledge, and the doctrines of God. man, Christ, and the 
Church, J? credits. 

120. Religion in America. A study of contemporary 
Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism in the 
United States, including a brief historical background of 
each. Some attention is given to the various religious sects 
and cults. 3 credits. 

130. American Folk Religion. A study the folk tradi- 
tions of selected .American denominations and sects, and of 
the theological implications of "secular" folklore. Emphasis 
will be placed on field-work as well as on analysis. Prereq- 
uisite: Reliction 120 or permissiim of instructor 3 credits. 
140. World Religions, .^n examination of the rise and 
development of religion along with a study of the ideas, and 
cultic and ethical practices of the great world faiths. Special 
attention given to Asian religions, 3 credits. 
202. The Prophets. A study of the lives and writings of 
the Old Testament prophets, and an analysis of their con- 
tributions to Hebrew-Christian religious thought. ,^ crt'(//fe. 
206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An ex- 
amination of archaeology in biblical lands, its methods, 
objectives, and contributions to the areas of history, cul- 
ture, and religion, 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus, kn intensive study 
of the life and message of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels, 
3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, 
writings, and theological thought of Paul and their relation- 
ship to the practices, problems, and beliefs of the early 
church. J credits. 

222. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the im- 
plications of the Christian faith both for personal moral 

Religion 99 


(See Music) 

decision, and for social policy in such areas as marriage 
and family, go\'ernment and political life, work and the 
economic order. Prerequisite: Religion HI or 112. 3 cred- 

311. Principles of Christian Education. A study of 
the histor\' and theology of Christian education, catacheti- 
cal principles, growth in religious experience, issues in re- 
ligious psychology, and the relationship of Christian educa- 
tion to higher education, the public school, and the home. 
3 credits. 

312. Methods of Christian Education. .An examina- 
tion of basic methodological competencies in Christian ed- 
ucation, including curriculum development, church school 
organization, teacher training and development, adminis- 
tration and management, evaluation methods, worship in 
the church school, use of the Bible, and audio-visual re- 
sources. 3 credits. 

331. Christian IVadition and Reform. A study of the 
major and continuing strains in the histor\' of Christianity 
and the principal reform movements. Required of majors 
and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students. 
3 credits. 

332. Theological Issues in Contemporary Secular 

Authors. Identification, analysis, and interpretation of is- 
sues of special theological import raised by thinkers repre- 
senting "non-theological" disciplines. Prerequisite: Reli- 
gion 112 or consent of instructor. 3 credits. 
400. Field Work. An extension and application of knowl- 
edge through a supen'ised internship experience in an ap- 
propriate church school, agency, or organization. 1-6 cred- 

402. Seminar: Selected Problems in Christain Ed- 
ucation. .A critical analysis of selected themes and issues 
in contemporary' Christian education. 3 credits. 

403. Seminar in Classical Christian Thinkers. .An 
intensive study of the thought of such classical religious 
thinkers as Augustine. Aquinas. Luther, and others. 3 cred- 

404. Seminar in Selected Religious Problems. A 
study of selected problems arising from recent theological 
efforts. Research methodology is stressed. Required of ma- 
jors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological stu- 
dents: others by permission of the chairman of the depart- 
ment. Prerequisite: Religion 111 and 112. 3 credits. 
500. Independent Study. Request guidelines from ad- 
viser. 1-3 credits per semester (Ma.ximum of 9). 


100 Religion 

The social sciences examine the stnjcture of society and the behavior of human beings in 
group relationships within that structure. This interdisciplinary program provides an opportu- 
nity for the student to explore the basic concepts of a broad spectrum of social science disci- 
plines — economics, history, political science, and sociology — and then to do more concentrated 
work in his choice of one of these subject areas. 

The program also offers basic preparation for graduate, theological, and law schools, and for 
careers in business, government, social work, and teaching. 

Degree: B A. degree with a major in social science. 

Major: Economics 110/120: Geography 112; History 125/126: Political Science 111/112; 
Psychology 100; Sociology 110. 251; and 12 hours in a single social science to be determined 
with the consent of the adviser in that discipline, for a minimum of 42 hours. Social Science 
majors are exempted from the 9 hours of General Requirements of Category 4. Individual and 
Group Behavior. 

Social Sci- 

Students who major in sociology at Lebanon Valley College do so to benefit from a richer 
understanding of contemporai'v issues, and are encouraged to develop a strong sense of personal 
selfhood and identity. The primai-y motivation for majoring in social service is that ours is a 
service-oriented society, and such a major increases the job competitiveness for a student who is 
interested in social work, social welfare, or in a related field. 

Students majoring in social service may elect to concentrate their studies in one of four areas; 
criminal justice — dealing with incarceration and its alternatives, family intewention — counsel- 
ling with families as a unit, gerontology — ^working with the aging, and thanatology — focusing 
on care for the terminally ill. 

In addition to providing the necessary coursework needed for majors in sociology and social 
service, the department has developed an extensive network of positions in community service 
agencies where students may participate in internships to gain valuable pre-professional train- 
ing. Agencies represented in internship programs include: Lebanon County Workshop. RSVP, 
Child Welfare, area nursing homes, and state government agencies in Harrisburg. 

Recent graduates in the department have attended graduate school at the University of 
California-Berkeley, Oklahoma, Rutgers, Stanford, Northwestern, Mawland, the College of Wil- 
liam and Mary, and the University of York (United Kingdom). Graduates have assumed positions 
in the Lehigh Valley Head Start program, the Lancaster Community Action Program, Urbana 
College, Montours State Hospital, the Children's Care Center in Harrisburg, the Camden County 
(N.J.) Welfare Board, and the Penn State Extension Service. 

Degrees: BA. degree with a major in sociology. B.S. degree with a major in social service. 

Majors: (Sociology) Sociology 110, 311, 421, and 432, plus 15 additional hours in Sociol- 
ogy. (Social Service) Sociology i 10 and 311; Social Service 262. 331. 341 or 342, 422 and 9 
semester hours of Social Service 400 plus one of the following options; General Program — 
Sociology 122, 282 and two courses selected from Sociology 232, 273 and Sociology 291 or 351 
(38-39 hours); Criminal Justice Concentration — Sociology 273, 275, 278 and Sociology 211 or 

and Social 

Soc. & Soc. Sen: 101 

282 (39 hours); Fknily Intewention Concentration — Sociology 232. 242; Social Service 345, 
and Sociology 122 or 282 (37 hours); Gerontology/Thanatology Concentration — Sociology 122, 
232, 261 and 351 (39 hours). 

102 Soc. & Soc. Seni 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A systematic study of 
the major concepts, methods, and area of sociology focus- 
ing on the nature of society, the behavior of social groups. 
and the impact of society on individuals. 3 credits. 
122. Social Problems. An in-depth investigation of se- 
lected problems of contemporary life as seen through dif- 
ferent anaK'tical perspectives. Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 
3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An inquir\' into the nature and degree 
of urbanization in the United States and the world, and of 
the impact of urban life on contemporary societv'. Prereq- 
uisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 

232. Family Sociology. An intensive study of the family 
as a social institution varying from one social-historical 
context to another. Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 2 credits. 
242. Marriage Making. A look at the marriage pattern, 
from initial dating to hnal dissolution. Prerequisite: Soci- 
ology 110. 2 credits. 

251. Introduction to Anthropology. .A general sur\e\' 
of the uses and methods of anthropology focusing on the 
interaction of physical, economic, and cultural factors in 
the development of people and their behavior. 3 credits. 
273. Criminology. An investigation of the social phe- 
nomenon of crime, including consideration of the nature, 
causes, and responses to behavior which is defined as crim- 
inal or deviant. Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
275. Criminal Justice. .\n in-depth examination of the 
strengths and weaknesses of our criminal justice .system 
and of possible alternatives to it. Prerequisite: Sociologi/ 
110. 3 credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. A sociological examination 
of the factors associated with ju\'enile delinquency, the the- 
ories explaining juvenile delinquency and an exploration of 
the operation of the ju\'enile justice system and \'arious 
treatment programs. Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
282. Social Inequality. An analysis of relations within 
and between racial and other ethnic groups. Consideration 
is given to unique historical contexts, basic social pro- 
cesses, and emergent contemporaiT developments. Prereq- 
uisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 

291. Gerontology. An investigation of the ways in which 
individuals, families, communities, and society as a whole 
respond to the problems created by aging. Prerequisite: 
Sociology 110. 3 credits. 

302. Community Organization. .K study of the struc- 
ture, action, and change of communities as a whole and 
the organizations which comprise them. Prerequisite: So- 
ciology 110. 3 credits. 

311. Research Methods. Students learn to develop re- 
search design, to code data, to interpret and communicate 
findings, and to utilize and evaluate the research of others. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 110. Sociology major, junior or se- 
nior status, or permission of department chairperson. 3 

322. Sociology of Religion. An investigation of the 
structure and functions of religious organizations and phe- 
nomena, with particular emphasis on the varieties of reli- 
gious expression in American society. Prerequisite: Sociol- 
ogy 110. 3 credits. 

351. Thanatology. An exploration of some of the basic 
legal, medical, ethical, and social issues related to death 
and dying in contemporary society. Prerequisite: Sociology 
no. 3 credits. 

400. Field Experience. An extension and application of 
knowledge through a supen'ised internship in an appropri- 
ate agency or organization. Prerequisites: Sociology 110. 
18 hours in sociology and permission of instructor. 3-12 
credits. (Maximum of 15). 

421. Social Theory. An intensive exploration of the ma- 
jor sociological theorists and movements. Prerequisites: So- 
ciology 110 and 12 hours in the department. 3 credits. 

432. Seminar in Sociology. A critical analysis of se- 
lected themes and issues in contemporary sociology. Pre- 
requisites: Sociology 110 and 421. 3 credits. 
500. Independent study. Directed work in areas ap- 
proved by the instructor. Prerequisites: 18 hours in sociol- 
ogy, a cumulative 2.3 average, and a contract with the 
instructor prior to registration for the course. 1-3 credits 
per semester. (Ma.ximum of 9). 

Courses in Social Service 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare 
policy, past and present, stressing its functions, problems, 
prospects and the dynamics of the policy-making process. 
Prerequisite: Sociology 110. 3 credits. 
331. Social Service Theory. A consideration of the var- 
ious theories underlying social work inteivention at the 
individual, family, small group, community and societal 
levels. Prerequisites: Sociology 110: Social Semce 262. 3 

341. Social Work Practice. Direct Methods. An ex- 
amination of the knowledge, attitudes, and skills required 
for professional social work practice, emphasizing the 
methods of social casework, social group work and family 
therapy. Prerequisites: Sociology 110: Social Sen'ice 331. 
3 credits. 

342. Social Work Practice. Indirect Methods. An 

examination of the knowledge, attitudes and skills required 
for professional social work practice, emphasizing the 
methods of communib,' organization, social planning, and 
social action. Prerequisites: Sociology 110: Social Service 
331. 3 credits. 

345. Family Therapy. An examination of the theor\' and 
practice of family therapy, an increasingly important mode 
of social work intervention. This course will focus on the 
contributions of several prominent family therapists, such 
as Satir, Minuchin, Haley, etc. Prerequisites: Sociology 232: 
Social Sen'ice 341 or permission of the departmental 
chairperson. 3 credits. 
400. Field Experience. An extension and application of 

knowledge through a supervised field placement experience 
in a public or private social service agency or program. 
Prerequisites: Sociology HO: Social Sen'ice 331 and 341. 
3-12 credits per semester. (Maximum of $15). 

442. Seminar in Social Work. A detailed study of a 
relevant social work area: group work, family and children's 
casework, community organization, or social action. Pre- 
requisites: Sociology 110: Social Service 331 and 341. 
3 credits. 

500. Independent study. Directed work in areas ap- 
proved hy the instructor. Prerequisites: Social Sen'ice 331 
and 341. a cumulative 2.5 average, and a contract with 
the instructor prior to registration for the course. 1-3 cred- 
its per semester. (Ma.ximum of 9). 


(See fbreign Languages) 

Soc. & Soc. Serv. 103 


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■Ifai II 

Dii^ctories 1983-85 


1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B.. 
Lebanon Valley College, 1936; M.Div., 
United Theological Seminary. 1939; 
S.T.M., Lutheran Theological Semi- 
nary, Phila., 1945; S.T.D., Temple Uni- 
versity, 1951. 

1922; 1924-1970; Professor 
Emerita of Music Education. A.B.. 
Lebanon Valley College. 1915: Oberlin 
Conservatory: graduate New England 

1972; Director Emeritus of .Admis- 
sions. A.B.. Ohio Wesleyan University. 
1926; MA.. Columbia University. 19,32. 
HILDA H. DAMUS, 1963-1976; 
Professor Emerita of German. M.A.. 
University of Berlin and Jena. 1932; 
Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 
CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947-1983; 
Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and 
Dean Emeritus. A.B.. Lebanon Valley 
College. 1940; M.Div.. United Theo- 
logical Seminary. 1943; Ph.D., Yale 
University, 1954. 

ALEX J. FEHR, 1951-1982; Pro- 
fessor Emeritus of Political Science. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1950: 
M.A.. Columbia University, 1957; 
Ph.D., Syracuse University, 1968. 

GLADYS M. PENCIL, 1921-1927; 
1929-1965. Registrar Emerita. 
A.B.. Lebanon Valley College, 1921. 
DONALD E. HELDS, 1928-1930; 
1947-1970: Librarian Emeritus. 
A.B.. Lebanon Valley College. 1924; 
M.S.. Princeton University, 1928: Ph.D.. 
University of Chicago. 1935: A.B. in 
Library Science, University of Michi- 
gan, 1947. 

1983; Professor Emerita of History. 
B.S. in Ed., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D.. 1958. 
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, 1912-1970; 
Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.Pd.. 
State Normal School, Millersville, 1910; 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1912: 
A.M.. 1918; Sc.D.. 1942. 
JUNE EBY HERR, 1959-1980; 
Associate Professor Emerita of Ele- 
mentary Education. B.S.. Lebanon 
Valley College. 1943; M.Ed.. The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1954. 
1978; Associate Professor Emeritus 
of Strings. Conducting, and Theory. 
B.Mus.. Baldwin-V\«iJlace College. 1938: 
Fellowship. Juilliard Graduate School; 
M.Mus., Manhattan School of Music, 

1976; Professcjr Emerita of English. 
A.B.. Lebanon Valley College. 1948; 
M.A.. University of Wisconsin. 1950; 
Ph.D.. 19.54. 

1975; Professor Emerita of Lan- 
guages. A.B., Chatham College, 1928; 
M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; 
Ph.D., 1938. 

ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951-1983; 
Professor Emeritus of Music. B.S.. 
Lebanon Valley College, 1939; M.A.. 
Columbia University, 1950. 
1970; Professor Emeritus of English. 
B.S. in Ed.. University of Kansas, 1922; 
M.S. in Ed., 1925; Ph.D.. Universit\' of 
Wisconsin. 1931. 

1979; Professor Emeritus of Music 
Education arid Brass. Diploma. Curtis 
Institute of Music. 1931; A.B.. Ameri- 
can University, 1951; M.A.. Catholic 
University, 1952: Mus.D., Wfehington 
College of Music. 1944. 

1983; Professor Emeritus of Reli- 
gion. B.A.. Wake Forest. 1944: B.D.. 
Divinity School of Duke University. 
1947; Ph.D.. Duke University. 1949. 


1973 — ; Assistant Professor of Ed- 

ucation. B.A., Northern Baptist Col- 
lege, 1952: M.A., Michigan State 
University 1958; Ph.D.. 1972. 

RICHARD C. BELL, 1966—;.% 

sistant Professor of Chemistry. B.S.. 
Lebanon Valley College. 1941; M.Ed., 
Temple University, 1955. 
DAVID V. BILGER, 1974—; .Ad- 
junct Instructor in Woodwinds. B.M., 
Ithaca College. 1967. 
.Associate Professor of English. B.A., 
Heidelberg College, 1965: M.A.. Mich- 
igan State University. 1967; Ph.D.. 

G. KIP BOLLINGER, 1982— ;,U 
sistant Professor of Education. B.S., 
Juniata College, 1967; M.S.. Temple 
University. 1971; D.Ed., 1979. 


.Adjunct Instructor in Woodwinds. B.M.. 
Susquehanna University. 1973: M.S.. 
Ohio State University. 1974. 
Associate Professor of History; 
Chairman of the Department of His- 
tory and Political Science. A.B., Har- 
vard University, 1963; M.A.. Duke 
University 1965: Ph.D., 1968. 
19-S3 — ; Assistant Professor of Po- 
litical Science. B.S., Western Illinois 
University, 1969; M.A., State Univer- 
sity of New York at Binghamton, 1973; 
Ph.D.. 1982. 

1971; 1973 — ; .Associate Professor 
of Music. B.M.E.. Wartburg College, 
1964; M.M.. Peabody Conservatory of 
Music. 1968. 

DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 1971— ; 
Professor of Religion: Chairman of 
the Department of Religion. B.A.. St. 
Paul Seminary, 1963; M.A.. Mar- 
quette University, 1966; Ph.D., Duke 
University 1972. 

1982 — ; .Adjunct Instructor in Or- 
gan. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 
1979: M.M., Westminster Choir Col- 
lege, 1982. 

Faculty & 

Faculty & Admin. 105 

106 Faculty & Admin. 

1968 — ; Professor of Religion 
and Creek. B.A., Oklahoma City 
University, 1952; B.D., South- 
ern Methodist University, 1956; 
Ph.D., Boston University, 1967. 


.Assistant Professor of Psychology. A.B., 
Sacramento State College. 1968; MA.. 
1969; Ph.D., University of Oregon. 


1978 — ; .Adjunct .Assistant Profes- 
sor of Brass. B.S., Ithaca College, 
1966; M.M.. Indiana University, 1971. 

ROBERT A. CLAy, 1978—; .Assis- 
tant Professor of Sociology: Chair- 
man of the Department of Sociology 
and Social Sen'ice. A.B.. St. Mary's 
Seminary and University. 1962; 
S.T.B.. Pontifical Gregorian Univer- 
sity, 1964; M.A.. Cornell Univeristy, 
1974; Ph.D., 1982. 
.Assistant Professor of Physical Edu- 
cation. B.S., Bowling Green State 
University; 1971; M.Ed., 1972. 

1961 — ; Professor of .^lusic Educa- 
tion. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1953; M.M., University of Michigan, 
1957; D.Ed., Pennsylvania State 
University, 1971. 


1980 — ; .Assistant Professor of 
Chemistry B.S., University of Wash- 
ington, 1967; M.S., Cornell Univer- 
sity, 1969; Ph.D.. 1971. 

1970 — ; Professor of Psychology: 
Chairman of the Department of Psy- 
chology. A.B., University of Illinois, 
1940; M.A., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 

JAMES P. DUX, 1983—; Adjunct 
Professor of Chemistry. B.S., Queens 
College, 1942; M.A., Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1947; Ph.D., Polytechnic In- 
stitute of New York. 1955. 
SCOTT H. EGGERT, 1983—; As- 
sistant Professor of Music. B.F.A., 
University of Wisconsin (Milwaukee), 
1971; M.A., University of Chicago, 
1974; D.M.A., University of Kansas, 


1971 — ; .Assistant Professor of Voice. 
B.M.E., Florida State University, 1969; 
M.M., 1970. 

DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983—; As- 
sistant Professor of Biology. B.A., 
University of Maine at Portland. 1974; 
M.A., SUMY College at Buffalo, 1976; 
Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 


1947 — ; .Associate Professor of Pi- 
ano and .^lusic History. Mus.B., cum 
laude, Philadelphia Conservatory, 


.Associate Professor of Economics. BA., 
University of New Mexico, 1968; Ph.D.. 
Iowa State University, 1972. 

ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965—; Pro- 
fessor of English: Chairman of the De- 
partment of English. A.B., Lebanon 
Vallev College, 1959; M.A.. Bowling 
Green State University 1960; Ph.D., 

MICHAEL D. FRY, 1983—; Assis- 
tant Professor of Mathematics. B.A., 
Immaculate Heart College, 1975; 
Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1980. 

1979 — ; .Assistant Professor of Music 
Education and Brass. B.A., University 
of Delaware, 1957; MA.. University of 
Iowa. 1971. 

PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959—; Profes- 
sor of Organ. B.S., Lebanon Vallev 
College, 1951; M.S.M.. Union Theo- 
logical Seminary School of Sacred 
Music, 1953; A.M.D., Eastman School 
of Music, 1967. 


1981 — ; .Adjunct .Assistant Profes- 
sor of Accounting. B.A., Gettysburg 
College, 1974; M.B.A., Pennsylvania 
State University. 

.Associate Professor of Education: 
Chairman of the Department of Ed- 
ucation. B.A., St. Mary's College, 
1958; M.A., West Virginia University. 
1970; Ed.D., 1974. 
1982 — ; .Associate Professor of Mu- 
sic: A.T.C.M., Royal Conservatory of 
Music, 1946; L.R.A.M., Royal Acad- 
emy of Music, 1962; A.R.C.M., Royal 

College of Music, 1962; L.T.C.L., 
TVinity College of Music (London), 
1965; Fellow, 1966; D.M.A., Univer- 
sity of Oregon, 1977. 
.Assistant Prolessor of Sociology. B.A.. 
Central Michigan University, 1969; 
Mj\., University of New Hampshire, 
1973; Ph.D.. 1976. 

•BRYAN V. HEARSEY, 1971—; 

Professor of Mathematics. B.A., West- 
ern Wiishington State College, 1964; 
Mj\., Washington State University, 
1966; Ph.D., 1968. 

ALAN G. HEFFNER, 1980—; .45- 
sistant Professor of Economics and 
Business .Administration. B.A., Son- 
oma State College, 1970; M.A., Cali- 
fornia State University. 1973; Ph.D.. 
Purdue University. 1976. 
JOHN H. HEFFNER, 1972— ;. 45 
sociate Professor of Philosophy: B.S.. 
Lebanon Vallev College, 1968; A.M., 
Boston University, 1971; Ph.D.. 1976. 


1983; Visiting Assistant Professor of 
Mathematical Sciences. B.S., Harvey 
Mudd College, 1963; M.A., Temple 
University, 1967; Ph.D., University of 
Pennsylvania, 1978. 
BARRY L. HURST, 1982— ;yl55/5 
tant Professor of Physics. B.S., Jun- 
iata College, 1972; Ph.D., University 
of Delaware, 1982. 
Associate Professor of Spanish: 
Chairman of the Department of For- 
eign Languages. B.A., Queens Col- 
lege, 1971; M.A., 1974; Ph.D.. 1979. 
1969 — ; .Associate Professor of .Art: 
Chairman of the Department of Art. 
B.FA., Kent State University, 1965; 
M.F.A.. 1967. 

.Assistant Professor of Education. BA.. 
University of Pittsburgh, 1937; M.Ed., 
1941; D.Ed., 1952. 
RICHARD A. JOYCE, 1966—; ,45 
sistant Professor of History. A.B., Yale 
University, 1952; M.A., San Francisco 
State College, 1963. 

JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971—; Pro- 
fessor of English. B.A.. St. Benedict's 

"Sabbatical leave, second semester 

College, 1962; M.A., University of 
Michigan, 1963; Ph.D.. Universitv of 
Wisconsin, 1968. 

JAMES R. KLOCK, 1981—; Ad- 
junct Instructor in Percussion. B.M.. 
West Virginia University, 1979. 
1958; 1963; 1970— ; AdjwKt As- 
sistant Professor of Piano. Mus.B., 
Oherlin Conservatorv of Music, 1951; 
M.F.A., Ohio University, 1953. 
JACK KRONE, 1982—; Adjunct 
Instructor in Music. B.S.. West 
Chester State College, 1959; M.M.Ed., 
Pennsylvania State University, 1963. 
DAVID 1. LASKY, 1974—; Profes- 
sor of Psychology. A.B.. Temple Uni- 
versity, 1956: MA., 19.58; Ph.D., 1961. 

ROBERT C. LAU, 1968—; Profes- 
sor of Music: Chairman of the De- 
partment of Music. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1965; M.A., Eastman 
School of Music, 1970; Ph.D., Cath- 
olic University, 1979. 
JEAN O. LOVE, 1954—; Professor 
of Psychology. A.B.. Erskine College, 
1941; MA.'. Winthrop College. 1949; 
Ph.D.. Universitv of North Carolina, 

PHILIP NALPAS, 1983—; Ad- 
junct Associate Professor of Music. 
B.Mus., University of Michigan, 1941; 
M.Mus., University of Michigan, 1947. 

1971 — ; Associate Pivfessor of En- 
glish. A.B.. Duquesne University, 
1964; M.A.. Universitv of Pennsyl- 
vania. 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

JOERG W. P. MAVER, 1970—; 

Professor of Mathematics. Dipl. Math.. 

University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 



1980 — ; Adjunct Instructor in 
Trumpet. B.A., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1977. 

DEBORAH MILAN, 1982—; Ad- 
junct Instructor in Music. B. Mus., 
Boston University, 1981. 

OWEN A. MOE, JR., 1973—; ,45 

sistant Professor of Chemistry. B.A.. 
St. Olafs College, 1966; Ph.D., Purdue 
University, 1971. 

Assistant Professor of Voice. B.M.E., 

Kansas State College, 1962; M.S.. 1965. 

Professor of Chemistry; Chairman of 
the Department of Chemistry. B.S.. 
Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.S.. 
Universitv of Delaware. 1946; Ph.D.. 

WILMER G. NOLT, 1983—; Ad- 
junct Instructor of Chemistry. B.S.. 
Millersville State College, 1965; 
M.Ed., University of Michigan, 1947. 

JOHN D. NORTON, 1971—; .As- 
sociate Professor of Political Science. 
B.A., Universitv of Illinois. 1965; M.A.. 
Florida State University, -1967; Ph.D., 
American University, 1973. 


Protessor of English. A.B., Immacu- 
lata College. 1948; M.Ed.. Temple 
University, 1952: M.A., University of 
Pennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D.. 1976. 

1959 — ; .Associate Professor of 
Physics. B.S., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1950; M.S., Universitv of 
Delaware, 1953. 

DWIGHT RVGE, 1982—; .Assis- 
tant Professor of French and Ger- 
man. B.A., Davidson College, 1975; 
MA.. Harvard University, 1976; Ph.D., 

RAY R. PEARL, 1983—; Adjunct 
Instructor of Business Administra- 
tion. B.S., Wtiynesburg College, 1967; 
M.B.A., Western New England Col- 
lege, 1971. 

1963 — ; .Associate Professor of 
Physical Education: B.S.. Kent State 
University, 1958: M.Ed., 1962. 
SIDNEY POLLACK, 1976—; .45 
sistant Professor of Biology. BA.. New 
York University, 1963: Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania, 1970. 
Assistant Professor of Sociology. B.S.. 
City University of New York, 1965: 
M.S.W., University of Hawaii, 1976. 

0. KENT REED, 1971—; ,455on 
ate Professor of Physical Education: 
Chairman of the Department of Phys- 
ical Education. B.S. in Ed.. Otterbein 
College. 1956; MA. in Ed., Eastern 
Kentucky University, 1970. 

KEVIN C. REIDY, 1981—; In- 
structor in Economics and Business 
.Administration. B.A., Gettysburg Col- 
lege, 1975; J.D.. State Universit\i of 
New York at Buffalo. 1978. 


1983 — ; Instructor of Accounting. 
B.A., Vanderbilt University, 1959. 
M.A., Ohio State University, 1967. 

C. ROBERT ROSE, 1981—; As- 
sociate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed., 
Southern Illinois University, 1964; 
M.M., 1966; D.M.. Indiana University, 

JACOB L. RHODES, 1957— ; Pro- 
fessor of Physics: Chairman of the De- 
partment of Phi/sics. B.S.. Lebanon 
Valley College. 1943; Ph.D.. University 
of Pennsylvania, 1958. 

structor in Accounting. B.A., Hobart 
and William Smith Colleges, 1970; 
M.B.A., Boston University, 1977. 

JAMES W. SCOTT, 1976—; .4550 
date Professor of German. B.A., Jun- 
iata College. 1965; Ph.D., Princeton 
University, 1971. 

DAVID S. SEITZ, 1981—; Instruc- 
tor in Economics and Business .Ad- 
ministration. B.S.. Universitv of Dela- 
ware, 1957: B.S., York College of 
Pennsylvania, 1977; M.BA.. 1980. 

junct Instructor in Guitar B.M., 
Combs College of Music, 1967. 


.Assistant Professor of Economics and 
Business .Administration: Chairman 
of the Department of Business .Ad- 
ministration. A.B., Lebanon Valley 
College. 1957: M.S., Franklin & Mar- 
shall College. 1969: M.B.A.. Univer- 
sity of Connecticut, 1972. 


1977 — ; .Adjunct Instructor in Flute. 
B.S.. Lebanon Valley College. 1975. 

JULIE SURIS, 1983—; Instructor 
in Spanish and French. B.A., Univer- 
sity of Minnesota, 1969; M.A., 1971. 

1972 — ; Associate Professor of Pi- 
ano. B.S.. Lebanon Valley College. 
1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 
1965; D.M.A.. University of Iowa, 

Faculty & Admin. 107 

108 Faculty & Admin. 


1967 — ; Associate Professor of Pfii- 
losopliy: Chairman of tfie Depart- 
ment of Philosopfiy. A.B., TVinity 
University. 1957: M.A., University of 
Texas. 1963. 

C. F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954—; Pro- 
fessor of Economics and Business Ad- 
ministration. B.A.. Hastings College. 
1944: MA.. Universih' of Chicago. 1947: 
Ph.D.. 1963. 

.Assistant Professor of .'^lathematical 
Sciences: Cfiairman of the Depart- 
ment of.^lathematical Sciences. A.B.. 
Ripon College. 1951: .M.S.. Univer- 
sity of Alabama. 197(1. 


Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 
B.S., Bethany Nazarene College. 1965: 
M.A., Oklahoma University. 1969: 
Ed.D., Oklahoma State University. 

Professor of Religion. B.A.. Hough- 
ton College. 1949: M.Div.. United 
Theological Seminary. 1952: Ph.D.. 
Boston University. 1964. 


1974 — ; .Associate Professor of Bi- 
ology. B.A., Ohio Wesleyan Univer- 
sity, 1964: M.A., Indiana University. 
1966: Ph.D.. Cornell University'. 1975. 

1973 — ; .Associate Professor of Bi- 
ology. B.A.. Central College. 1964: 
M.S.. University of Tennessee. 1966: 
Ph.D.. Washington University. 1971. 

R. GORDON WISE, 1973—; .Ad- 
junct Professor of .-b-t. B.S.. University 
of Missouri, 1960: MA.. Roosevelt 
Universih'. 1964: Ed.D.. University of 
Missouri. 1970. 

PAUL L. WOLF, 1966—; Professor 
of Biology; Chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Biology. B.S.. Elizabethtown 
College. 1960: M.S.. Universit\' of Del- 
aware. 1963: Ph.D.. 1968. 

ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968—; Pro- 
kssor of Biology. B.A.. Gettysburg 
College, 1963: M.A.. Drake University. 
1965: Ph.D.. University of Vermont. 

GLENN H. WOODS, 1965—; .As- 
sociate Professor of English. A.B.. 

Lebanon Valley College. 1951: M.Ed.. 
Temple University. 1962. 


Adjunct Instructor in Sociology. B.S., 
Pennsylvania State University, 1968. 



— ; President. ?>A.. Lebanon \allev 
College. 1952: M.Ed.. Western Mary- 
land College. 1956: D.Ed.. The Penn- 
sylvania State University, 1968: Pd.D.. 
Albright College. 1968. 

Presidential Staff 

1983—; Vice President for College 
Relations. B.A.. Drew University, 
1957; MA.. Syracuse University. 1960: 
Ph.D.. Syracuse University. 1966. 

1952—; Dean of Students. 1972—: 
A.B.. Lebanon Vallev College. 1948; 
MA.. Columbia University. 1951: Ed.D.. 
Temple University. 1967. 
RICHARD REED, 1980—; Vice- 
president. Dean of the Eaculty. BA.. 
Stetson University. 1962: M.A.. Emorv 
University. 1965: Ph.D.. 1971. 

ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951—; Con- 
troller 1962 — ,' \ice-president. 1967 — 
. B.S. in Ed.. Shippensburg State Col- 
lege. 1941: M.S.. Columbia Universih; 
1947: Ph.D.. New York Universih. 1962: 
C.P.M.. 1976. 

1980—; College Chaplain. B.A.. Van- 
derbilt Universih. 1961: M.Div., Drew 
Universih, 1965: MA.. Johns Hopkins 
Universih. 1967: Ph.D.. 1971. 

Administrative Staff 
ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961—; 

Readers' Services Librarian. B.S.L.S.. 
Simmons College, 1946. 


1980 — ; Counselor in .Admissions. 
B.A.. Leba-non Valley College. 1979. 
ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966—; Tech- 
nical Processes Librarian. A.B.. Smith 
College. 1956; B.S.. Carnegie Institute 
of Technology 1957: M.L.S., Univer- 
sih"bf Pittsburgh. 1966. 

ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971—; Col- 
lege Physician. B.S.. Lebanon Valley 
College. 1949: M.D.. Jefferson .Medical 
College. 1952. 


Director of Development. A.B.. Smith 
College. 1947. 

DAVID C. EVANS, 1981—; Direc- 
tor of Career Planning and Place- 
ment. B.A.. Slippery Rock State Col- 
lege, 1969: M.Ed.. Rutgers University, 

RONALD G. EVANS, 1972—; Di- 
rector of General Institutional Ser- 


Staff .Assistant. Computer Center. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1981; 
Data Processing, Harrisburg Area 
Community College, 1982. 

SANDRA Y. GEIB, 1983—; Staff 
Nurse. R.N., Harrisburg Hospital, 
Harrisburg, 1971. 

1971—; College Physician. B.S.. 
Lebanon Valley College. 1947: M.D.. 
Jefferson Medical College. 1951. 

RONALD K. GOOD, 1983—; 

Counselor in Admissions. B.S. in Ed., 
Millersville State College, 1959; 
M.Ed., Millersville State College, 

1982—; .Athletic TYainer B.S., Lock 
Haven State College, 1979: M.Ed.. 
Temple University. 1981. 
— ; Counselor in .AdmissiorLS. B.A.. 
Dickinson College. 1981. 
1967 — ; Manager of the College 
Store: Business Manager of the Con- 
cert Choir and Chamber Orchestra. 
B.A.. Randolph Macon College, 1966. 


; The Librarian; Associate Professor 
A.B., The Kings College. 1955: Th.M.. 
Dallas Theological Seminarw 1959: 
M.S.L.S.. Columbia Unlversih'. 1965. 
Director of Informational Services. 
B.A.. Lebanon Valley College, 1983. 

ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970—; Col- 
lege Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College.' 1950; M.D.. Jefferson .Medical 
College. 1955: Bj\.. Lebanon Vallev 
College. 1971. 

Director of Firiancial .Aid. B-A.. Wilkes 
College. 1977. 

Director of Food Sen'ice and Con- 
ferences. A.A.S., Morehead State 
University, 1975. 

DELIA M. NEIDIG, 1962—; Di- 
rector of Housekeeping. 1972 — . 

CHERYL L. REIHL, 1982—; Di- 
rector of Student Activities. B.S.H.E., 
University of North Carolina at 
Greensboro. 1977: M.Ed.. University 
of Connecticut-Storrs. 1980. 
RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; 
Ffeb., 1953—; Assistant Dean of the 
College and Registrar. 1967 — . A.B.. 
Lebanon Valley College. 1942: A.M.. 
University of Pennsv'lvania. 1947: Ph.D., 

STEPHEN SHOOP, 1978—; .Act- 
ing Director of the Cornputer Center. 
B.S.. Lebanon Valley College. 1974. 

WALTER L. SMITH, 1961-1969; 

1971 — ; Director of Special Ser- 
vices. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 

1971 — ; Assistant Dean of Stu- 
dents. 1979-1981: Director of Place- 
ment. 1975-1981: Director of 
Athletics. 1981—. B.A., Lebanon 
Valley College. 1954: M.A.. Bucknell 
University. 1961. 

1966 — ; Dean of Admissions, 
1980—: B.A., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege. 1963: M.Ed., University of To- 
ledo, 1966. 

JOHN J. UHL, 1980—; Director of 
.^ledia Sen'ices. B.S.. Lebanon Valley 
College. 1979. 

ROBERT L. UNGER, 1982—; Di- 
rector of .Alumni Relations. B.A.. 
Lebanon Vallev College. 1969; M.A., 
University of Chicago. 1982. 
Assistant Director of Development. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1982. 
Director of Publications. A.A.S.. 
Stratford College. 1945. 

DANE A. WOLFE, 1977—; .Assis- 
tant Controller. B.S.. Lebanon Vallev 
College. 1974. 

JULIANA Z. WOLFE, 1975-1978; 
1979—; Head .\urse. R.N.. St. 
Joseph's Hospital, Carbondale, 1963. 

ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973— ;.45 

sistani Dean of Students. 1976—. B.S.. 

Ixick Haven State College. 1966; M.Ed., 
West Chester State College. 1970. 
1952 — ; Superintendent of Build- 
ings and Grounds. 1969 — . 
JEAN W. ZELEK, 1983—; Sta/T 
Nurse. R.N., St. Anthony's Hospital, 
Louisville, 1952. 

Coaching Staff 


Lacrosse Coach: Soccer Coach: Direc- 
tor of Intramurals for Men. 

JOHN S. DeFRANK, 1979-; .As- 
sistant Football Coach. 

Men 's Basketball Coach. 
HAROLD G. GETZ, 1978—; As- 
sistant Football Coach. 
Cross Country Coach. 
Golf Coach: Wrestlirig Coach. 

0. KENT REED, 191 1—; .Assistant 
Football Coach: Track Coach. 


Eguipmerit .^lanager. 


; Football Coach. 


Women's Field Hockey Coach: La- 
crosse Coach. 
ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973— ;.4.s 

sistant Women's Lacrosse Coach. 






E. D. WILLIAMS, JR., Secretary 
HARRY B. "TOST, .Assistant Secre- 

HARLAN R. WENGERT, .Assistatit 

E. N. FUNKHOUSER, President 

ALLAN W. MUND, President Emer- 


rently heads SKS. East Stroudshurg. 

ident, New Penn Motor Express. Inc.. 
Lebanon, PA 


Student. Lebanon Vallev College. 
.Annville. PA 

QUIRE; .Attorney. Berman and Bos- 
well. Harrisburg. PA 

Cafeteria Manager. Northeastern 
School District. Mt. Wolf. PA 

ident of Peoples Xational Bank. Leb- 
anon. P.A 

The Board 
of Trustees 

Bd. ofRustees 109 

110 Bd. ofTYustees 

dent, Pickering Creek Industrial Park, 
Inc.. Lionville. PA 

dent. Lebanon Vallev College. Ann- 
ville, PA 

Hotnemaker. Reading. PA 
Davison Motor Car Companv. Free- 
hold, NJ 


President. J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc., 
Lebanon, PA 

General t'ractitioner. Red Lion. PA 
tor. Tindley Temple. Philadelphia, PA 
tered Representative. Broker. Kidder. 
Peabody and Co.. Inc.. Reading, PA 
DR. DANIEL FOX; .^lanager. Cen- 
tral Research. Chemistry Research 
and Development. General Electric 
Companv — Plastic Division. Pitts- 
lield, tAk 

.Attorney. Glen and Glen, Chambers- 
burg, PA 

QUIRE; .Attorney. Goldberg, Evans 
and Katzman, Harrisburg. PA 
Homemaker. Philadelphia, PA 
tor. Colonial Park United Methodist 
Church. Harrisburg. PA 

President. Marketing, Dutchmaid. 
Inc.. Ephrata. PA 

.Attorney. Herr. Potts and Herr, Phil- 
adelphia. PA 

tor. Highspire Mt. Zion United Meth- 
odist Church, Highspire, PA 
Pastor Grace United Methodist 
Church. Carlisle, ?.\ 
tor First United Methodist Church, 
Palmyra, PA 

President. H.H. Bealler & Co., Inc.. 
Wyomissing, PA 

lance Musician. Composer and Con- 
ductor. New York, NY 
MRS. JEAN W. LEVY; Business- 
woman. Mt. Gretna, PA 
sociate Professor of English, Leba- 
non Valley College, Annville, PA 
Chairperson. Department of En- 
glish. Annville-Cleona High School. 
Annville. PA 

DR. OWEN A. MOE, JR.; Associate 
Professor of Chemistry. Lebanon Val- 
ley College, Annville, PA 
James Memorial United Methodist 
Church, Philadelphia, PA 
fessor of English, Lebanon Valley 
College. Annville, PA 

CHUK; Management Consultant. 
Timex Corporation, New York City, 
NY; Chairman of the Board, Newport 
Institute Newport, RI. Major Gen- 
eral, U.S. Army (Ret.) 
President. E.D. Plummer Sons, Inc.. 
Chambershurg. PA 
maker. Hershey. PA 
fessor of Mathematics. Indiana Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA 
President of Tray-Pak-Corp.. T.C.R. 
Packaging. Inc. and Albee-Campbell. 
Inc., West Lawn, PA 
JR.; Retired FYincipal. Arthur Young 
and Company. Richmond, VA 
President of the College. Annville, PA 
MR. M. DEAN SAUDER; Student. 
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 
SELTZER; President, Palmyra Bo- 
logna Company, Palmyra, PA 

trict Superintendent, State College 
District. Central Pennsylvania Con- 
ference, United Methodist Church, 
Philadelphia, PA 

tired. The Exxon Corporation, Leba- 
non, PA 

President and TYeasurer D & H Dis- 
tributing Co., Harrisburg, PA 
Pastor, First United Methodist 
Church, Hershey, PA 
Asbury United Methodist Church, 
York, PA 

President. Strickler Insurance Agency, 
Inc., Lebanon, PA 

cian. Montgomery Hospital, Norris- 
town, PA 

GER; Chief of Carcinogen Metabo- 
lism and Toxicology Branch, Na- 
tional Cancer Institute. Bethesda. MD 
President, Wengert's Dairy. Inc.. 
Lebanon. PA 

tor United Methodist Church of West 
Chester. West Chester, PA 
MR. E. D. WILLIAMS, JR.; Sec- 
retary, Board of TVustees, Lebanon 
Valley College, Annville. PA 
DR. PAUL L. WOLF; Chairman. 
Department of Biology, Lebanon Val- 
ley College, Annville, PA 
DR. ALLAN R WOLFE; Professor 
of Biology, Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, PA 

torney. Hassell. Yost and Sorrentino, 
Lancaster. PA 

Honorary IVustees 
QUIRE; .Attorney. McNees. Wallace 
and Nurick, Harrisburg, PA 
dent and Chairman of the Board, 
Denver and Ephrata Telephone Com- 
pany, Ephrata, PA 

maker, Denver, PA 

RELLI; Corporate Consultant. Lau- 
reldale. PA 

Attorney. Smith and McCleary, York. 



MYER; Business Executive. York, PA 

Emeriti Trustees 

tired Executive. Walter W. Moyer 
Company. Ephrata. PA 
Executive, Armstrong Cork Com- 
pany. Lancaster. PA 
President. Peerless Industries. Inc.. 

Boyertown. PA: Chairman of the 
Board. Eastern Foundry Company. 
Boyertown. PA; Attorney, Romeika, 
Fish and Scheckter. Philadelphia. PA; 
Senior Partner. T^x Associates. Phil- 
adelphia. PA 

DR. E. N. FUNKHOUSER; Retired 
President. Funkhouser Corporation. 
Hagerstown. MD 

dent, Pardee Company. Philadelphia. 

DR. PAUL E. HORN; Pastor Ste- 
vens Memorial United Methodist 
Church. Harrisburg. PA 
NICK; Retired Bishop. Central 
Pennsylvania Conference. United 
Methodist Church. Hershey PA 
MR. ROBERT W. LUTZ; Retired 
E.xecutive. Blumenthal — Kahn Elec- 

tric Company. Owings Mills. MD 
DR. ALLAN W. MUND; Retired 
Chairman, Board of Directors. Elli- 
cott Machine Corporation. Balti- 
more. MD 

tired Pastor United Methodist 
Church. Lancaster. PA 
maker Philadelphia. PA 
DR. EZRA H. RANCH; Retired 
Pastor United Methodist Church. Mt. 
Joy. PA 

MR. MELVIN S. RIFE; Retired E.x- 
ecutive, Schmidt and Ault Paper 
Company — Div. St. Regis Paper 
Company. York. PA 
dent. Ritter Brothers. Inc.. Harris- 
burg. -PA 

Bd. ofn-ustees 111 


112 Index 

Academic Procedures 43 

Accounting 60 

Accreditation 26 

Actuarial Science 83 

Admissions 31 

Admissions (Early) 31 

Administration (Directory) ... 108 
Administrative Regulations .... 52 

Advisers 43 

Affiliation (Church) 26 

Application 31 

Application Form Pullout 

Art 56 

Athletics 26,92 

Attendance (Class) 53 

Auditing Courses 52 

Average (Grade Point) 44 

Biochemistry 56 

Biology 57 

Board of TVustees 26,109 

Business Administration . . . 59,61 

Calendar (1981-82) 22 

Calendar (1982-83) 23 

Chapel Programs 26 

Chemistry 63 

Christian Education 98 

Coaching Staff 109 

Computer Programming 65 

Computer Science 81 

Cooperative Programs . 57,68,74,90 

Course Credit 55 

Course Numbering System .... 55 

Credits (Course) 43,55 

Credits (TVansfer) 33,44 

Criminal Justice 101 

Cultural Opportunities 28 

Degrees 43 

Dentistry (Pre) 75 

Departmental Honors 49 

Deposits 31,32,36,37 

Directories 105 

Dishonesty (Academic) 53 

Dismissal 53 

Economics 62 

Education 66 

Education (Secondary) 67 

Elementary Education 66 

Endowment F\inds 34 

Engineering (Cooperative) 68 

English 69 

Environmental Biology 

(Off Campus) 50 

Evening School 50.57 

Faculty (Directory) 105 

Family Intervention 102 

Financial Aid 39 

Financial Aid (Application) .... 40 

Fees (1981-82) 36 

Foreign Languages 71 

Fbrestry (Cooperative) 74 

FVench 72 

Geography 74 

German 73 

Germantoviin Semester 

(Off Campus) 51 

Gerontology 102 

Grading System 45 

Greek 73 

Health Professions 58,75 

History 76 

History of the College 2 

Honors 48 

Individualized Major 80 

Independent Study 48 

International Business 80 

International Studies 

(Off Campus) 51 

Internships 58,59,60, 


Latin 73 

Law (Pre) 76 

Major 44 

Map (Campus) , Inside Back Cover 

Map (Location) 4 

Mathematics 81,82 

Meals 38 

Medical Technology 83 

Medicine (Pre) 75 

Metropolitan Semester .... 51,84 

Music 85 

Music Education 85 

Music (Sacred) 85 

Orientation (New Student) 33 

Pass/Fiiil 46 

Pharmacy (Pre) 75 

Philosophy 91 

Physical Education 92 

Physics 93 

Placement (Advanced) 32 

Placement (Counseling) 45 

Podiatry (Pre) 75 

Political Science 76 

Preregistration 36,51 

Pre-requisites 55 

Probation 53 

Psychology 95 

Reading and Study Skills 98 

Recreation 26 

Refunds 37 

Registration 36,52 

Religion 98 

Religious Life 26 

Repeating Courses 52 

Requirements (The General) ... 47 

Residence Halls 37 

Residence Requirement 44 

Sacred Music 85 

Schedules 52 

Secondary Education 67 

Semester Hours 13 

Social Life 28 

Social Science 101 

Social Service 101 

Social Work 101 

Sociology 101 

Spanish 73 

Special Topics 55 

Statement of Purpose 24 

Student Conduct Code 29 

Student Government 29 

Summer Session 50 

Suspension 53 

Thanatology 102 

TVanscripts 53 

TVansfer Credit 33,44 

TVustees (Directory) 109 

University Center 50 

Veterinary (Pre) 75 

V\^hington Semester (Off Campus) 


Weekend College 50 

Withdrawal 53 








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Application For Admission 

(Please Print Clearly) 








Home Phone:! ) 


. Social Security #: . 

Date of Birth: 
High School: . 
H.S. Address: 

. Height: 

. Weight: 

. Counselor: 

. H.S. Phone:i L 


. H.S. Grad. year: 

(CiU'l ISUtel 

If transferring, list college(s)/year(s): 


. Year(s): 

n Parent D Guardian D Spouse Information: (Check one.) 
n Mr. D Mrs. D Mr. & Mrs. 

Father's Job/Employer: 

Mother's Job/Employer: 

Spouse or Guardian's Employer: 

Applicant's Job/Employer: 

Age(s): of Brothers: 


IMiddle Imtiall 




Phone: L. 




Age(s) of Sisters; 

If applicable, age(s) of Children: 
Religious Preference: 

Do you plan to apply for financial aid? D Yes D No 

What serious illness(es) have you had in the past two years? 

What varsity sports did you play in high school? . 

Other extra-curricular activities: 

High School Honors: . 

List the name(s)/relationship(s) of any friend(s)/relative(s) who attend or attended LVC: 

How did you learn about Lebanon Valley? . 


Advisory Group Action: 



. Date: . 

(Check one in each category below): 
D Male D Female 

Q FVeshman 

n Transfer 

D Early Decision 

n Regular Admission 

n Resident 

D Commuter 

a Part-time 

D Full-time 

D Regular 

n Continuing 

D Spring Tferm (January) »^ 

D Fill Term (August) 

D Single D Married 

n Separated D Divorced 

D Widow(er) 


Application . 
$20 Fee 

H.S. Record . 

College Tl-anscrlpts: 


Class Rank: 








_PRES . 

Fold Here 


(Please number 
D Accounting 
D Actuarial Science 
D Allied Health Sciences 
D Biochemistry 
D Biology 

D Business Administration 
D Chemistry 
D Computer Science 
D Economics 

D Elementary Education ^ \, 
D English 

D Foreign Language 
D FVench 
D German 


the majors in order of your preference. Select 

D History 

D Individualized Major 

D International Business 

D Mathematics 

D Medical Technology 

D Music 

D Music Education 

D Philosophy 

D Physics 
^^„. D Political Science 

D Psychology 

D Religion '~~^ '"^ 

D Sacred Music 

D Social Science 

no more than three.) 

D Social Service 
D Sociology 
D Spanish 
D Undecided 

Thomas Jefferson University 
College of Allied Health Sciences: 

D Cytotechnology 

D Dental Hygiene 

D Medical Technology 

D Nursing 

D Occupational Therapy 

D Physical Therapy 

D Radiologic Technology 


D Dentistry 
D Engineering 
D Forestry 

(Please check the professional area(s) of interest to you (optional): 
D Law D Optometry D Podiatry 

D Medicine D Osteopathy D Veterinary Medicine 

D Ministry D Pharmacy D Other 

Please explain why you chose to apply to Lebanon Valley College: (if more space is necessary, use additional sheet.) 

I am enclosing the application fee of $20.00 and understand this fee is not refundable. In signing this formal application, I 
signify the information provided is to the best of my knowledge and belief accurate and correct. If accepted to the College, 
I agree to abide by the rules and regulations of the College. 

Applicant's Signature . 

. Date . 

Fold Here 













112 Index 













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® Administration Bu 
@ Allan W. Mund Col 
® Arnold Field 
® Art Studio 
® Blair Music Center 
© Carnegie Bldg. (Ad 
® Centre Hall 
® Faculty Offices, 10' 
® Faculty Offices, li; 
® Funkhouser Hall 
® Gladys M. Pencil B 
® Gossard Memorial 


















Campus Map and Key 


^ TJi.-.jr: *T r"i 



SluMnl a Ouni 

, Municipal"g . 

•aiKing linn niiH M •■.W^ ' ' VJ \ 

® Administration Building 

® Hammond Hall 

@ Garber Science Center 

® Allan W. Mund College Center 

® Heating Plant 

@ Maintenance Center and 

® Arnold Field 

® Infirmary 

Security Office 

® Art Studio 

® Keister Hall 

® Sheridan Hall 

® Blair Music Center 

® Kreiderheim 

® Silver Hall 

® Carnegie Bldg. (Admissions) 

® Laughlin Hall 

® South Entrance (Bollinger) Plaza 

® Centre Hall 

@ Lynch Memorial Gymnasium 

® United Methodist Church 

® Faculty Offices, 104 College Ave. 

@ Maintenance Annex 

® Vickroy Hall 

® Faculty Offices. 112 College Ave. 

® Mary Capp Green Hall 

® Wagner House 

® Funkhouser Hall 

@ Miller Chapel 

® West Hall 

® Gladys M. Fencil Bldg. (Registrar) 

® North College 

® West Annex 

® Gossard Memorial Library 

® Saylor Hall 


O ^ *" t^ 

C 83/85 



5 IS '^ t^ 







stale ZIP 



Area Code 


Year of High School Graduation 
TVansfer Student? Yes 

Proposed College Major(s): (a) 

Extra Curricular Interests 

Colk'jje or Universily 


'. would Like an Interview & Tour 


Other Material or Information Needed: 

I Would Like a Phone Call From an Admissions Counselor . 









state ZIP 



Area Code 


Year of High School Graduation 
Transfer Student? Yes 

_ No. 

Proposed College Major(s): (a) 

College or University 

Extra Curricular Interests 

I would Like an Interview & Tour 


Other Material or Information Needed: 

C 83/85 

I Would Like a Phone Call Fi-om an Admissions Counselor . 

Lebanon Valley College 
AnnvMle, PA 17003 
Return Postage Guaranteed 
Address Correction Requested 


Second Class Postage 
Paid at Annville, PA 1 7003