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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

Lebanon 



College 



Catalog 
1984-1985 



The Bulletin is published quarterly. USPS Number 308-480. 

Second Class postage paid at Annville, PA 17003-0501. 

Office of Communications, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 17003-0501. 

Send change of address to Office of Admissions, Lebanon Valley College, 

Annville, PA 17003-0501 

Volume 18, Number 4 Fall 1984 



Lebanon 

Valley 

College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 



Catalog 
1984-1985 




Lebanon Valley College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, 
national and ethnic origin, sex, age, religion or handicap. 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Academic Calendar 

1984-1985 4 

1985-1986 5 

1986-1987 6 

Statement of Purpose 7 

Accreditation 8 

Affiliation and Governance 8 

Admissions 8 

Continuing Education 9 

Student Finances 1 1 

Student Services 1 1 

Academic Regulations and Procedures 1 2 

Academic Programs 23 

Course Descriptions 27 

Directories 

Board of Trustees 89 

Administration 93 

Faculty 97 



Academic Calendar 1984-1985 



FIRST SEMESTER 



AUGUST 



OCTOBER 



NOVEMBER 



DECEMBER 



25 Saturday 
25-27 Saturday 

26 Sunday, 

27 Monday, 

27 Monday, 

28 Tuesday, 

1 3 Saturday 

15 Monday 
20 Saturday 
22 Monday, 

6-15 Tuesday - 

16 Friday, 5 
26 Monday, 

7 Friday, 5 

7 Friday, 5 

8-10 Saturday 

10-15 Monday- 

15 Saturday 



, 12:00 noon 
-Monday 
12:00 noon 
8:30 a.m. 
7:00 p.m. 
1 1:00 a.m. 



5:00 p.m. 

-Thursday 
00 p.m. 
8:00 a.m. 

00 p.m. 
00 p.m. 
-Monday 
-Saturday 



Residence halls open for new students 

Orientation for new students 

All residence halls open 

Registration 

Classes begin 

Opening College Convocation 

Homecoming Day 
Mid-semester grades due 
Board of Trustees meeting 
Change of registration deadline 

Registration for second semester 
Thanksgiving vacation begins 
Classes resume 

First semester classes end 
Class withdrawal deadline 
Reading period 
Final examinations 
Semester ends 



SECOND SEMESTER 



IANUARY 


20 


Sunday, 1 2:00 noon 


Residence halls open 




21 


Monday 


Registration 




21 


Monday, 7:00 p.m. 


Classes begin 


FEBRUARY 


16 


Saturday 


Board of Trustees meeting 




19 


Tuesday 


Founders' Day 


MARCH 


8 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Spring vacation begins 




13 


Wednesday, 8.00 a.m. 


Classes resume 




18 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


APRIL 


4 


Thursday, 5:00 p.m. 


Easter vacation begins 




8 


Monday, 7:00 p.m. 


Classes resume 




9-16 


Tuesday - Tuesday 


Registration for Fall 1985 




20 


Saturday 


Orientation for new students 




30 


Tuesday, 1 1:00 a.m. 


Awards and Recognition Convocation 


MAY 


2 


Thursday, 5:00 p.m. 


Class withdrawal deadline 




2 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 


Classes end (Friday day classes meet) 




3- 5 


Friday-Sunday 


Reading period 




6-10 


Monday- Friday 


Final examinations 




10 


Friday, 1 :00 p.m. 


Semester ends 




10 


Friday 


Board of Trustees meeting 




12 


Sunday, 9:00 a.m. 


Baccalaureate Service 




12 


Sunday, 1 1:00 a.m. 


1 16th Annual Commencement 



Academic Calendar 1985-86 



FIRST SEMESTER 



AUGUST 


31 


Saturday, 12:00 noon 


Residence halls open for new stu 




31- 2 


Saturday -Monday 


Orientation for new students 


SEPTEMBER 


1 


Sunday, 1 2:00 noon 


All residence halls open 




2 


Monday, 8:30 a.m. 


Registration 




2 


Monday, 7:00 p.m. 


Classes begin 




3 


Tuesday, 1 1:00 a.m. 


Opening College Convocation 




28 


Saturday 


Homecoming 


OCTOBER 


19 


Saturday 


Board of Trustees meeting 




21 


Monday 


Mid-semester grades due 




28 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


NOVEMBER 


12-21 


Tuesday -Thursday 


Registration for second semester 




22 


Friday 5:00 p.m. 


Thanksgiving vacation begins 


DECEMBER 


2 


Monday, 8:00 am 


Classes resume 




13 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Class withdrawal deadline 




13 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Classes end 




14-16 


Saturday -Monday 


Reading period 




16-21 


Monday -Saturday 


Final examinations 




21 


Saturday. 1 :00 p.m. 


Semester ends 


SECOND SEMESTER 






JANUARY 


19 


Sunday, 1 2:00 noon 


Residence halls open 




20 


Monday, 8:30 a.m. 


Registration 




20 


Monday, 7:00 p.m. 


Classes begin 


FEBRUARY 


15 


Saturday 


Board of Trustees meeting 




25 


Tuesday, 1 1:00 a.m. 


Founders' Day 




28 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Spring vacation begins 


MARCH 


5 


Wednesday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes resume 




17 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 




27 


Thursday, 5:00 p.m. 


Easter vacation begins 




31 


Monday, 3:00 p.m. 


Classes resume 


APRIL 


7-15 


Tuesday -Tuesday 


Registration for Fall 1986 




19 


Saturday 


Orientation for new students 


MAY 


1 


Thursday, 5:00 p.m. 


Class withdrawal deadline 




1 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 


Classes end 




2-4 


Friday -Sunday 


Reading Period 




5-9 


Monday- Friday 


Final examinations 




9 


Friday, 1:00 p.m. 


Semester ends 




9 


Friday 


Board of Trustees meeting 




10 


Saturday 


Orientation for new students 




11 


Sunday, 9:00 a.m. 


Baccalaureate Service 




1 1 


Sunday, 1 1:00 a.m. 


1 17th Annual Commencement 



Academic Calendar 1986-87 (tentative) 



FIRST SEMESTER 



AUGUST 




30 


Saturday, 1 2:00 noon 




30- 


- 1 


Saturday - Monday 






31 


Sunday 1 2:00 noon 


SEPTEMBER 




1 
1 


Monday, 8:30 a.m. 
Monday, 7:00 p.m. 






2 


Tuesday, 1 1 :00 a.m. 


OCTOBER 




20 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


NOVEMBER 


1 1 


-20 


Tuesday -Thursday 






21 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


DECEMBER 




1 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 




13- 


-15 


Saturday-Monday 




15- 


- 20 


Monday -Saturday 






20 


Saturday, 1:00 p.m. 


SECOND SEMESTER 




JANUARY 




18 


Sunday, 12:00 noon 






19 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 






19 


Monday, 7:00 p.m. 


FEBRUARY 




27 


Friday, 5.00 p.m. 


MARCH 




4 


Wednesday, 8:00 p.m 


APRIL 


7- 


-14 


Tuesday -Tuesday 






16 


Thursday, 5:00 p.m. 






20 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 






30 


Thursday, 9:00 p.m. 


MAY 




-3 


Friday-Sunday 




L 


1-8 


Monday -Friday 






8 


Friday, 1:00 p.m. 






10 


Sunday, 9:00 a.m. 






10 


Sunday, 1 1:00 a.m. 



Residence halls open for new students 

Orientation 

Residence halls open 

Registration 
Classes begin 
Opening Convocation 

Change of registration deadline 

Registration for second semester 
Thanksgiving vacation begins 

Classes resume 
Reading period 
Final examinations 
Semester ends 



Residence halls open 
Registration 
Classes begin 

Spring vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Registration for Fall and Summer 

Easter vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end (Friday day classes meet) 

Reading period 

Final examinations 

Second semester ends 

Baccalaureate Service 

1 18th Annual Commencement 



STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 



Lebanon Valley College affirms its Christian origins by maintaining affiliation 
with the United Methodist Church and by recognizing the Christian faith as 
the perspective for its policies. Both the Christian spirit, which encourages 
the unhampered search for truth, and the academic program, which gives 
form to the search for truth, combine to generate free and responsible 
inquiry by students and faculty. 

In accordance with the purposes of its founders, Lebanon Valley College 
seeks to provide an atmosphere in which the student can respond crea- 
tively to the contemporary world. Each person is encouraged (1) to develop 
a genuine concern for cooperative living and community service; (2) to attain 
a heightened sense of moral and spiritual values through a deepened 
awareness of how people have thought of themselves in relation to nature, 
to society, and to God; (3) to appreciate the close and unmistakable rela- 
tionship among rational thought, creative imagination, and moral commit- 
ment; and (4) to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, 
and the future and their interrelationship. 

The programs of the College are designed to provide a demanding as well as 
a rewarding encounter with the means necessary to achieve the discovery of 
self and society; consideration of humanity's most significant ideas and 
accomplishments; development of logical thought and clear communication; 
and practice in precise analysis and effective performance. The academic, 
social, religious, and aesthetic experiences blend to create the atmosphere 
of the College in a way that fosters enlivened curiosity, discipline of self, and 
excitement about ideas that are the hallmark of the educated individual. 

Lebanon Valley College, with approximately one thousand students and a 
low student-faculty ratio, in giving life to the concept of liberal arts as 
expressed in the preceding paragraphs has chosen to maintain an educa- 
tional institution which is academically strong, guided by the Christian faith, 
and small enough to give personal attention to all students. 

Adopted February 1, 1975 

Lebanon Valley College Board of Trustees 



Accreditation 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Educa- 
tion of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the Pennsylvania Department 
of Education, the National Association of Schools of Music and the American 

Chemical Society. 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents of the State 
University of New York and of the American Association of University Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following: National Association 
of Independent Colleges and Universities; Pennsylvania Foundation for 
Independent Colleges; College Entrance Examination Board; College Schol- 
arship Service; National Collegiate Athletic Association; Middle Atlantic 
States Collegiate Athletic Conference; Penn-Mar Athletic Conference; Central 
Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association; Eastern College Athletic Conference. 



Affiliation and Governance 

Lebanon Valley College is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. 
Control of the College is vested in a Board of Trustees composed of 49 
elected members; of the 49 members, 24 represent church conferences, 5 
represent the alumni, 5 represent the faculty, and 1 5 (including 3 students) 
are elected at large. 



Admissions 

High School Preparation 

All admission candidates should have completed 16 credit units and gradu- 
ated from an accredited secondary school, or present an equivalency certifi- 
cate (G.E.D.). Of the 16 units, 4 should be in English, 2 in foreign language, 2 
in mathematics, 1 in science and 1 in social studies. 

Application Procedure 

A candidate for admission to Lebanon Valley College must submit a com- 
pleted application form with the required application fee, Scholastic Aptitude 

8 



or American College Test results and an official transcript of high school 
grades. Students planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley must submit official 
transcripts of completed college or university work. Lebanon Valley College 
does not require the College Board Achievement Tests. However, Achieve- 
ment Tests in foreign language are recommended for students seeking 
advanced placement. 

All candidates are required to visit campus for a personal interview. Appli- 
cants for admission into music, sacred music or music education programs 
are required to audition on campus; audition applications are available from 
the Admissions Office. 

Early Decision Admissions Policy 

An Early Decision applicant will be expected to complete an application 
stating his/her intention to seek consideration as an Early Decision candi- 
date. The application must be accompanied by the required non-refundable 
application fee no later than November 1 5. An Early Decision applicant will 
be notified of the admissions committee decision by December 1. A student 
accepted as an Early Decision candidate must confirm his/her acceptance by 
submitting a non-refundable deposit no later than January 1 . An applicant 
not accepted under the Early Decision program will be considered for 
admission under the regular admission program. 

For further information contact: 
Dean of Admissions 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA 17003-0501 
(717)867-4411 



Continuing Education 

Weekend College, Evening School, Summer- Sessions, Special Programs, 
College Study in Lebanon and Extension classes in the University Center at 
Harrisburg enable teachers, state employees, and others in active employ- 
ment to take college courses and secure academic degrees. By careful 
selection of courses made in consultation with appropriate advisors, students 
can meet many of the requirements for a baccalaureate degree. Some 
courses may be taken for provisional and permanent teaching certification; 
others may be taken with the aim of transferring credit to another institution. 



Many courses lead to professional advancement or are of direct benefit to 
persons in business or industry, while others assist in broadening the 
student's vocational, social, and cultural background. 

Catalogs are published for Weekend College and Evening School and for 
Summer School. For information write to the Dean of Continuing Education, 
Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania 17003. 

Weekend College and Evening School 

Full baccalaureate degree programs are offered in accounting, allied health 
sciences, management, social science with an emphasis in sociology, and 
social service. Weekend College classes meet on alternate Friday nights and 
Saturdays in both the academic semesters and the summer. Evening School 
classes meet one night per week, Monday through Thursday, every week 
during the academic semesters and twice weekly for seven weeks during the 
summer. All classes carry residence credit. 

Summer Session 

Students enrolled full time, by taking summer session courses, may meet the 
requirements for the bachelor's degree in three years. 

College Study in Lebanon 

Certificate programs in accounting and management consist of a 29-semes- 
ter-hour sequence developed to introduce adults to basic knowledge and 
skills in accounting or management, while also providing some study in the 
liberal arts curriculum. The programs are offered in conjunction with Eliza- 
bethtown College, and classes are held in Lebanon, Pennsylvania. 

University Center at Harrisburg 

Extension classes are offered at the Center's campus, 2986 North Front 
Street, Harrisburg, 171 10, on Monday through Thursday evenings during the 
regular academic semesters. Classes meet during the summer sessions on 
various evenings. Lebanon Valley College's extension program in Harrisburg 
is carried on in conjunction with Elizabethtown College, Temple University, 
The Pennsylvania State University and The University of Pennsylvania. 
Courses offered by Lebanon Valley College may carry residence credit. 

All students admitted and enrolled for a degree at the College are required 
to secure the permission of their advisors and the Registrar prior to enrolling 
for any course at the University Center at Harrisburg. 

10 



For details pertaining to the University Center at Harrisburg write to the 
Director at 1986 North Front Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 171 10, or call 
717-238-9694 during the day or 717-238-9696 during the evening. 



Student Finances 

Payment for tuition, room, board, and other charges is due by a published 
deadline prior to the beginning of each semester. Students failing to meet 
this deadline will be required to make special arrangements with the Business 
Office before their course registrations will be processed. Questions about 
student finances should be addressed to the Business Office. 

Students with questions about financial aid should contact the Financial Aid 
Office. 



Student Services 

The College provides a variety of services to students including: academic, 
financial, career, religious and personal counseling; health care; and athletic, 
recreational and extra-curricular activities. Further information about student 
services may be obtained from the Office of the Vice President for Student 
Affairs. 



11 



ACADEMIC REGULATIONS AND 
PROCEDURES 

The rules of the College are designed to provide for proper regulation of the 
academic community. The rules and regulations as stated in this bulletin are 
announcements and in no way serve as a contract between the student and 
the College. Attendance at the College is a privilege and not a right. The 
student by his act of registration concedes to the College the right to require 
his withdrawal any time deemed necessary to safeguard the ideals of schol- 
arship and character, and to secure compliance with regulations. It is ex- 
pected that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted 
standards. All students are required to respond to communications sent by 
any duly constituted authority of the College. 

Degrees 

Lebanon Valley College confers six baccalaureate degrees. Candidates for 
graduation must be recommended by the faculty and approved by the Board 
of Trustees. 

The Bachelor of Arts is conferred upon students who have completed the 
requirements in the following major programs: English, foreign language, 
French, German, history, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, 
sacred music, sociology, Spanish, and certain individualized majors. 

The Bachelor of Science is conferred upon students who have completed the 
requirements in the following major programs: accounting, actuarial science, 
biochemistry, biology, management, chemistry, computer science, coopera- 
tive engineering, cooperative forestry, economics, elementary education, 
international business, mathematics, music education, physics, social service 
and certain individualized majors. 

The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, the Bachelor of Science in Medical 
Technology, the Bachelor of Music, and the Bachelor of Music in Sacred 
Music are conferred upon students who have completed the requirements for 
the appropriate major programs. 

Privacy of Student Records 

In accordance with the Family Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 the College 
releases no student education records without written consent and request 
of the student, or as prescribed by law. 

12 



A student has the right to inspect his or her educational records maintained 
by the College. It is the student's responsibility to contact the appropriate 
office of the College to make the necessary arrangements. 

The College makes public such directory information as name, address, 
telephone, date of birth, major field of study, degrees and awards received, 
previous schools attended, participation in activities, and athletic information. 

Credit Hours 

A credit hour is the unit used to measure academic progress. Each course 
has a credit designation approximately equal to the number of hours to be 
spent in class each week. A course requiring three hours of class attendance 
each week will carry three credit hours. Credit for laboratories is generally 
awarded at one-half the regular rate. 

Graduation Requirements 

Candidates for degree must obtain 1 22 credit hours. Credit hours are accu- 
mulated in three separate categories: general education requirements, major 
requirements, and electives. 

The general education program is that part of the curriculum that is shared 
by all students in all majors. The eight areas of required courses reflect 
44-47 credit hours. 

There are thirty major programs available at the college. Each of these 
majors requires at least 24 credit hours of coursework. The specific require- 
ments of each major program are listed later in the catalog. All students 
must declare their majors before registering for the junior year. 

Electives are those courses selected by the student that reflect neither major 
nor general education requirements. 

Candidates for degrees must also take in residence 30 credit hours of the 36 
taken immediately prior to graduation. Coursework taken in' all of the 
College's programs, plus those at University Center at Harrisburg, qualify as 
work done in residence. 

Advising Program 

Each student has a faculty advisor whose role is to counsel about registration 
procedures, course selections, academic requirements, and regulations. The 
student is required to obtain the advisor's counsel and approval before 



13 



registration, withdrawal, election of pass/fail option, and/or change in 
credit/audit status. 

Academic Procedures 

Arrangement of Schedules 

Each student arranges a semester program of courses in consultation with, 
and by approval of, his faculty advisor. Students already in attendance do 
this during pre-registration periods. New students accomplish this on 
orientation days. 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full time, a student must take at least twelve credit hours 
of work in a semester. Seventeen credit hours of academic work is the 
maximum permitted without approval of the advisor and permission of the 
Registrar. Audited courses are counted in determining the course load, but 
physical education, music organizations, and RS 1 10 (Reading and Study 
Skills) are not. To be permitted to take more than 1 7 credits the student 
should have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher, or be enrolled 
in the honors program, or be a last semester senior. A fee will be charged for 
each additional credit over 17. 

Class Standing 

Students are classified academically at the beginning of each year. Member- 
ship in the sophomore, junior or senior classes is granted to students who 
have earned a minimum of 28, 56, or 84 credit hours respectively. 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another 
accredited institution shall send an official transcript to the Dean of Admis- 
sions. If requested, the student must provide copies of the appropriate 
catalogs for the years of attendance at the other institution or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided the grades are C— ( 1 .7) or better 
and the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley 
College. Grades thus transferred count for credit hours only, not for quality 
points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally 
accredited college can be admitted with full acceptance of coursework at 
the previously attended institution. Coursework in the major field, however, 
for which the applicant has received a D will not be counted toward fulfilling 
the major requirement. 

Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of 
14 



full acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the understand- 
ing that the candidate has followed a basic course of study compatible with 
the curriculum and academic programs of the College and has been enrolled 
in a transfer program. 

In most instances the applicant may be expected to complete the baccalau- 
reate degree within two years. However, when the requirements of a particu- 
lar major field or the nature of the previous study demand additional work 
beyond two years, the applicant will normally be notified at the time of 
admission. 

Discontinuance of Courses 

The College reserves the right to withdraw or discontinue any course for 
which an insufficient number of students has registered. 

Registration and Preregistration 

Students are required to preregister and register for courses on designated 
days of each semester; these dates are listed in the official college calendar. 
Students who register or preregister later than the designated times will be 
charged a fee. Students desiring to register later than one week after the 
opening of the semester will be admitted only by special permission of the 
Registrar. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, changes of course hours 
credit, changes from credit to audit and vice versa, must be approved by 
signature of the advisor. In most instances registration for a course will not 
be permitted after the course has been in session for one full week. With the 
permission of the advisor, a student may withdraw from a course at any time 
through the last day of semester classes (see grading policy). A fee is 
charged for every change of course made at the student's request after 
registration. 

Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with approval of the academic 
advisor. Audited courses are counted in considering the course load relative 
to limit of hours (overload). The regular tuition fee is charged to part-time 
students. Neither grade nor credit is given either at the time the course is 
audited or thereafter. A grade of AU (audit) will not be entered on the 
student's permanent record card if the student seldom attended classes. A 
change of registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit must be 
accomplished by the end of the eighth week of semester classes. 



15 



Pass/Fail 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 credit hours) a student may elect to 
take up to two courses per semester and one per summer session on a 
pass/fail basis; however, only six such courses can be counted toward grad- 
uation requirements. No courses taken pass/fail may be used to meet either 
general education, major course area requirements, or pre- or co-requisites 
for classes. A student may select or cancel a pass/fail registration any time 
during the first eight weeks of a semester. 
Repetition of Courses 

A student may repeat as often as desired, for a higher grade, a previously 
taken course, subject to the following provisions: the course must have been 
taken in all registrations on campus and/or in courses staffed by the College 
at the University Center at Harrisburg. Semester hours credit are given only 
once. The grade received each time taken is computed in the semester 
grade point average. The higher or highest grade is used to compute the 
cumulative grade point average. Each semester grade report will show hours 
credit each time passed, but the total hours toward degree will be equal only 
to the semester hours credit for the course. For a course previously passed 
P/F, the grade received in the subsequent registration for regular grade is 
the "higher grade." Each grade received remains on the permanent record 
card and a notation is made thereon that the course has been repeated. 
Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry 
courses concurrently at any other institution or in Weekend College or the 
University Center at Harrisburg without prior consent of his advisor and the 
Registrar. 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for 
courses taken during the summer in another college, including the University 
Center at Harrisburg, unless such courses have prior approval of his advisor 
and the Registrar. 
Attendance Policy 

Each student is responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements for 
each course, including regular class attendance. At the opening of each 
course the instructor shall clearly inform the students of class attendance 
regulations. Violations of those regulations will make the student liable to 
being dropped from the course. Upon the recommendation of the instructor 
and the approval of the Registrar a grade of W will be assigned during the 
first eight weeks of the semester, and an F will be assigned after that date. 
In case of short absences from class the student shall speak directly with the 

16 



instructor. The student shall inform the Registrar only if the absence could 
not be anticipated and extends for more than a week. The Registrar informs 
the faculty of students who will be absent due to an official function of the 
College. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the necessity of fulfilling all 
course requirements. 

Advanced Placement 

Advanced Placement with credit in appropriate courses will be granted to 
entering students who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced 
Placement examinations. For scores of 3, final determination is made by the 
appropriate department. 

Advanced Placement without credit may be granted on the basis of the 
Achievement Tests of the College Board examinations or such other profi- 
ciency tests as may be determined by the Registrar and by the chairman of 
the department. 

CLEP (College Level Examination Program) 

Credit will be granted to those students who score well on CLEP examina- 
tions that are approved by the College. To receive credit, a student must 
score above the 50th percentile on the objective section and above a C, as 
determined by the appropriate academic department, on the essay section. 

A maximum of 6 credits will be awarded for each examination; of these 
credits, only 3 may be applied to the general education requirements, in the 
appropriate area. Credit is only granted to students who have matriculated 
at Lebanon Valley College. Requests for CLEP credit must be approved by 
the Registrar before the student has completed 30 credits in residence. 



Credit for Life Experience 

Some students, especially older persons beginning or resuming their educa- 
tion after significant work or other life experience, may qualify for academic 
credit. Such students will be referred to the appropriate department chair- 
man, who will evaluate the life experience and recommend academic credit 
to the Registrar, who will make the final determination. For such credit, the 
student is charged at one-half the prevailing tuition rate. 



17 



Grading Systems and Grade Point Averages 

Student work is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), C 
(satisfactory achievement), D (requirements and standards met at a minimum 
level), F (course requirements not met). For each credit hour in a course in 
which a student is graded A, he receives 4.0 quality points; A—, 3.7; B+, 3.3; 
B, 3.0; B— , 2.7; and so on. F carries no credit or quality points. The cumula- 
tive grade point average is calculated by dividing the quality points by the 
credit hours completed. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 
1 .75, and a major grade point average of 2.0. Only grades in courses staffed 
by Lebanon Valley College at the University Center, or in work taken 
through the International Student Exchange Program, the Germantown 
Metropolitan Semester and the LVC-Washington Semester programs are to 
be used to determine the grade point averages. 

A student may not take a course that has a prerequisite course he has failed. 

In addition to the above grades the symbols I, W, WP, and WF are used. I 
indicates that the work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by 
the student for substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor), 
but otherwise satisfactory. This work must be completed within the first 
eight weeks of the next semester, or the I will be changed to an F. Appeals 
for an extension of time must be presented to the Registrar by the first week 
of the next semester. W indicates withdrawal from a course through the 
eighth week of semester classes. In case of withdrawal from a course thereaf- 
ter through the last day of semester classes, the symbol WP is used if the 
work has been satisfactory, and WF if unsatisfactory. The grade of WF is 
calculated as an F in the grade point averages. For physical education a grade 
of either S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory) is recorded. 

Once a grade has been recorded it may not be changed without the approval 
of the instructor and the Registrar. Students who feel the grade may be 
inaccurate should contact the instructor at once, but in no case later than 
the end of the semester following the course in question. 

Academic and Graduation Honors 

The Dean's List 

Students achieving a 3.40 grade point average while carrying at least 1 2 
credit hours will be named to the Dean's List at the end of each semester. 

Graduation Honors 

After completing a minimum of 60 credit hours of in-residence work a 
student may qualify for graduation honors. The honors to be conferred are 

18 



Summa Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.75-4.0, Magna Cum Laude 
for grade point averages of 3.60-3.74, and Cum Laude for grade point 
averages of 3.40-3.59. 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 

Students graduating with grade point averages of 3.50 are eligible for 
induction into Phi Alpha Epsilon. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Instances of open and conclusive academic dishonesty are dealt with in 
accordance with the following regulations: for the first offense the faculty 
member shall have the authority to fail the student in the course; for the 
second offense the student shall be failed in the course and additional 
action taken, up to and including expulsion from college, if deemed war- 
ranted by the Dean of the Faculty; for the third offense, if the second act of 
dishonesty did not warrant expulsion in the opinion of the Dean of the 
Faculty, the student shall be failed in the course and expelled from the College. 



Probation 

A student can be placed on academic probation, suspended or dismissed if 
his academic standing fails to come up to the grade point average shown in 
the following table: 







Suspension or 




Probation 


Dismissal 


1st semester 


1.25 




2nd semester 


1.50 


1.25 cumulative 


3rd semester 


1.65 




4th semester 


1.75 


1.50 cumulative 


5th semester 


1.75 




6th semester 


1.75 


1 .65 cumulative 


7th semester 


1.75 ' 


in all courses 


8th semester 


1.75 





A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the 
Dean of the Faculty and informed of the College regulations governing 
probationers. Students on probation are expected to regulate their work and 
their time in a most determined effort to bring their performances up to the 
required standard. 

A student on probation who desires to begin a new activity or continue in 



19 



an activity already begun, shall submit an appeal to the Vice President for 
Student Affairs. After consultation with the student's major advisor and 
parents, the Vice President for Student Affairs will render a binding decision. 



Suspension 

A student who obviously fails to achieve at a level commensurate with his 
measured ability may be suspended for at least one semester. This suspen- 
sion may occur without any prior probationary period. A student suspended 
for academic reasons is not eligible for reinstatement for one semester. 

A student seeking reinstatement to Lebanon Valley College must apply in 
writing to the Dean of the Faculty. 

A student twice suspended for academic reasons shall be considered for 
readmission, upon application, only if the following conditions are fulfilled: 
(a) firm evidence of renewed interest and motivation; (b) completion of a 
significant amount of appropriate academic work at an accredited institution 
subsequent to his second suspension; (c) recommendation of the appropri- 
ate academic department for readmission on a probationary status. The 
student must achieve at a level that assures successful completion of this 
program or be subject to dismissal. 

Dismissal 

A student dismissed for academic reasons is not eligible for readmission. 

Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

Official withdrawal from the College is accomplished only by the completion 
of withdrawal forms obtained from the Registrar. This is the sole responsibil- 
ity of the student. Application for readmission should be in writing and sent 
to the Dean of the Faculty. 



Transcripts 

Each student, former student, or graduate is entitled to one transcript of his 
college record without charge. For each subsequent copy requested, a fee is 
charged. 



20 



Veterans' Services 

Veterans who are eligible to receive educational benefits must report their 
enrollment to the Registrar after they register for each semester or summer 
session. The Registrar will then submit certification to the Veterans Adminis- 
tration. 

Veterans who are attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time must 
complete the appropriate forms in the Registrar's Office before certification 
will be sent to the Veterans Administration. 

Veterans with questions about the College or their status with the College 
should contact the Registrar. 



Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges 

Lebanon Valley College has been designated as an institutional member of 
Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges (SOC), a group of over 400 colleges 
providing postsecondary education to members throughout the world. As an 
SOC member, Lebanon Valley College recognizes the unique nature of the 
military lifestyle and has committed itself to easing the transfer of relevant 
course credits, providing flexible residency requirements, and crediting 
learning from appropriate military training and experiences. 



Teacher Certification for Non-Matriculated 
Students 

Lebanon Valley College offers teacher certification to a variety of special 
students. Students with degrees from other colleges, or teachers seeking 
certification in other fields, or Lebanon Valley College alumni seeking 
certification for the first time may receive certification. All students must 
present official transcripts of college work, or their previous teacher certifica- 
tion to the Office of the Registrar. The Education Department, the Registrar 
and the appropriate academic department will evaluate the record and 
recommend the appropriate course of action. A fee will be charged for this 
service. 



21 



Off-Campus Programs 

The College offers several off-campus experiences for which students may 
register and receive credit. 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 

This is a one-semester program of a pre-professional internship and academic 
seminars relating to the city. The program is sponsored through the Metro- 
politan Collegiate Center of Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
Internships are available in a diverse range of social service, mental health, 
law, research and other agencies. Information is available from the Depart- 
ment of Sociology. 

Study Abroad 

Students have opportunity for study abroad through the College's member- 
ship in the International Student Exchange Program, which consists of a 
network of more than 1 50 colleges and universities in 24 countries. Details 
are available from the Dean of the Faculty. The College also assists students 
in locating and gaining admission to other foreign study programs; however, 
participation in programs other than the International Student Exchange 
Program may affect the level of financial aid provided. In all cases, the 
proposed course of study must be approved by the appropriate department 
chairman and the Registrar. 

Washington Semester Program 

Juniors and seniors in any major field who have at least a 2.5 grade point 
average, and have had basic courses in American national government and 
are properly recommended are eligible to participate in this program. We 
offer this program in cooperation with The American University in Washing- 
ton, D.C. Information is available from the chairman of the Department of 
History and Political Science. 



22 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 



General Education Program and Requirements 

The College expresses its commitment to the liberal arts most directly by 
supporting a wide selection of courses in a variety of academic areas. The 
general education program enables each student to encounter the content 
and methods of those areas. The program's chief goals are thus to provide 
the essential foundation for the growth of knowledge and for making the 
connections between experience and learning. 

All degree students must complete the program outlined below. No course 
taken pass/fail or required for the first major may be used to meet the 
requirements of the general education program. Mathematics and computer 
science majors are exempt from the requirements of Area 2. 

Area I. Communication. 6 credit hours. To develop effective speaking and 
writing skills. Two sequential courses in English composition. En 111, 1 1 2; or 
HC 201. 

Area 2. Mathematics and Computers. 3-6 credit hours. To understand 
mathematics as a way of thinking and as a tool for problem solving. One 
integrated mathematics/computer course (MA 100) or one mathematics 
course and one computer course. Eligible courses are CS 140 or 170 plus 
one from MA 111, 150, 1 60, 161, 1 70. MA 1 00 fulfills entire requirement. 

Area 3. Foreign Language. 6 credit hours. To gain perspective on the role 
of language in human affairs. Two sequential courses in a foreign language 
(or exemption by examination). All foreign language courses numbered 
101,102 and 201,202 are eligible. 

Area 4. Historical and Cultural Contexts. 9 credit hours. To establish the 
background and explore the nature of human society. One history course 
(GE 120), one general course in culture (GE 140) and one course introducing 
a single social science. Eligible courses are EC 1 00, FL 250, GEO 112, PS 
110, PSY 100, SO 110, 251, orHCC 202. 

Area 5. Science and Technology. 6 credit hours. To discover scientific 
principles and discuss related moral and ethical questions. Two laboratory 
courses in biology, chemistry, physics or psychology (the two courses need 
not be in the same science). Eligible courses are Bl 101, 102, 111, 1 1 2, CH 
100, 103, 104, 111, 112, 113, 114, (115, 113, 114 meet entire requirement). 
PHY 100, 103, 104, 111, 112, PSY 120. 



23 



Area 6. Aesthetic Experience. 6 credit hours. To learn to appreciate 
works of art and gain insight into the creative process. One interdisciplinary 
course (GE 160) and one course in art, music or literature. Eligible courses 
are AR 110, 201, 203, EN 200, 227, 228, FR 311, 312, GER311, 312, MU 100, 
341, 342, SP 311, 312. 

Area 7. Values, Persons and World Views. 6 credit hours. To explore the 
relationship between world views and value systems. Two courses in religion 
or philosophy (the two courses need not be in the same discipline). PH 110, 
220, 230, 340, RE 1 10, 1 11, 112, 120, 140, 222. 

Area 8. Physical Activity. 2 credit hours. To develop an interest in 
physical activity as a part of total fitness. Two courses in physical education 
involving conditioning or life-long sports. Any physical education course is 
eligible. 

General Education Courses 

These three interdisciplinary courses are required of all students by the 
general education program of the College. 

GE 120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of 
how life in the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical 
developments in Europe and America, including the growth of science, the 
rise of national states, social classes and values, and changing views of the 
world. 3 credits. 

GE 140. Human Culture and Behavior. The nature and definition of 
culture. The biological and social sources of culture. Culture, language, and 
personality. The impact of culture on social life and on the individual; 
examples from Western and non-Western sources. 3 credits. 

GE 160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrela- 
tionships among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus 
content. Art as the product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 



Honors Program 

The honors program is designed for superior students who are keenly 
motivated to expand their intellectual horizons, develop their originality and 
curiosity, and challenge their intellectual abilities. 

The program seeks to sharpen critical and analytical thinking, develop verbal 
24 



and writtten expression, encourage intellectual independence, and foster 
sensitive and informed investigation of human values. 
To achieve these goals, the program offers a demanding, stimulating and 
integrated alternative to the general requirements of the College. 
Entering students and first semester freshmen are selected on the basis of 
interviews and scholastic records. 

Requirements: Students graduate with college honors after they have 
completed the honors program with a 3.0 grade point average or better 
overall and in the honors courses. 



Honors Courses 

201. Honors Communication. Writing and speaking clear, grammatical and 
articulate English. Listening and reading well. Searching information sources 
and applying those sources ethically. Analyzing and drawing conclusions. 3 
credits. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of 
society, their origins, and their impact upon human values. Emphasis on the 
interaction of the individual and the socio-cultural environment. Evaluation 
of the approaches of the various social sciences. 6 credits. 

203. Human Existence and Transcendence. A close examination of 
questions and issues pertaining to human existence and the ways in which 
mankind has attempted, religiously and philosophically, to rise above the 
conditions of human existence. This course seeks to describe and examine 
the commonalities and differences between religion and philosophy as each 
discipline addresses itself to existence and transcendence. 6 credits. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, music, 
and plastic art, designed to acquaint students with functions, values, and 
aesthetic and cultural contexts of art, as well as to enhance their responses 
to art works. 6 credits. 



Honors Seminars 

Two honors seminars are included in the honors curriculum. These seminars 
are intensive studies of topics chosen by junior and senior honors students 
and may be interdisciplinary subjects taught by a team of professors from 
two or more academic departments. 3 credits per semester. 



25 



Honors Independent Study 

An independent study project, the capstone of the honors program, provides 
the opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the student's 
own design. The project, overseen by a faculty member, must be approved 
by the honors director. When acceptable to an academic department, such 
independent study may serve as the basis for departmental honors. Upon 
completion, the project will be presented publicly. 3 credits. 

Graduation Requirements 

In addition to the honors program and major requirements, honors students 
take: two one-semester courses in science (eligible courses are BI 111-112, 
CH 111, 112, 115 with labs 113, 114, PSY 120, PHY 103, 104, 111, 112), A 
foreign language on the intermediate level or above (eligible courses are any 
language 20 1 - 202, 311 or 3 1 5), a one-semester integrated course in mathe- 
matics and computer science (MA 1 00), and two courses in physical education. 

Departmental Honors 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors work 
during the junior and senior years. For specific information, interested 
students should contact the appropriate department chairman. Generally, 
departmental honors consists of a reading and/or research project producing 
a thesis or essay. This project is undertaken on a subject of the student's 
own choosing under the supervision of a faculty advisor. Opportunity also 
exists to do creative work. A maximum of 9 hours credit may be earned in 
departmental honors. 



26 



COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 



Art 



The Art Department, although not offering a major, provides the opportunity 
for creative expression and a richer understanding of man's accomplish- 
ments in the visual arts. 



Courses in Art 

1 10. Introduction to Art. An exploration of meaning in the visual arts. The 
subject is approached through discussions of perception, the aesthetic 
experience, and form/content analyses of painting, sculpture, and architec- 
ture. 3 credits. 

140. Drawing, Painting and Printmaking. An introduction to the mate- 
rials and processes of drawing, painting, and printmaking. Spatial perception, 
composition, light and dark as well as color relationships are major areas of 
study. 3 credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

201. Art History I. Prehistoric through Medieval Art. A stylistic survey 
from paleolithic through medieval art, including a focus on the artist's role 
within society. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II. Renaissance to Twentieth Century. A survey of 
individual masters and their major schools, the course covers the period 
from the close of the medieval era to the modern day and includes stylistic 
analyses and historical contexts for the painting, sculpture, and architecture 
of each period. 3 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction to creative art activity for 
children in elementary school. Topics covered include philosophical con- 
cepts, curriculum, evaluation and studio activity involving a variety of art 
media, techniques, and processes. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 



27 



Biochemistry 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program that provides an 
opportunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of 
the chemical basis of biological processes. It is designed to prepare students 
for advanced study in medical, dental, and other professional schools, for 
graduate programs in a variety of subjects including biochemistry, clinical 
chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, and 
physiology, and for research positions in industrial, academic, and govern- 
ment laboratories. 

DEGREE: B.S. degree with a major in biochemistry. 

MAJOR: Bl 111, 112, 201, 202 and/or 307, 306, 401 (24 hours); BCH421, 
422, 430, 480 (9 hours); CH 111, 112, 113, 1 14, 213, 214, 21 5, 216, 31 1 , 312, 
319, 323, (29 or 30 hours); MA 161, 162 or 166 (6 hours); PHY 103/104 or 
111/112 (8 hours). 

Courses in Biochemistry 

421, 422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physical and organic aspects 
of living systems. Prerequisites: CH 214, 216, and 3 1 2 or approval of the 
departmental chairman. 3 credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of pro- 
teins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CH 214, 216. 1 
credit. 
491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on special 
topics in biochemistry. 1 credit. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisites or corequisites: CH 311, 312, and 
permission. 2-3 credits per semester (maximum of 9). 



Biology 

The aims of the program for biology majors are: (1) to provide a thorough 
understanding of the principles of biology and background in disciplines 
basic to biology; (2) to develop skills in the application of the scientific 
method and in the retrieval and communication of technical information; 
and (3) to train students for employment at the baccalaureate level and to 

28 



provide preparation for those interested in graduate, professional and 
medical programs. 

DEGREE: B.S. degree with a major in biology. 

MAJOR: BI 111, 112, 1 9 1 , 20 1 , 302 or 307, 499; one course each in the 
general areas of physiology, cellular and subcellular biology, and morphol- 
ogy; and 4 additional hours of biology for a minimum of 34 hours. Also 
required are two years of chemistry; PHY 103, 1 04 or 111, 112; and MA 1 6 1 
or 1 1 1 . BI 1 1 1/1 1 2 are pre-requisites for all courses beyond the biology 1 1 2 
level unless noted otherwise. 



Cooperative Programs 

Forestry and Environmental Studies 

Students completing a three-year program at Lebanon Valley College 
studying the liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry and environmental 
sciences may apply for admission to the cooperative forestry program with 
Duke University. Upon completion of the first year of the two-year (plus one 
summer) program at Duke University, the student will receive the Bachelor of 
Science degree from Lebanon Valley College. After completion of the 
program at Duke, the student will receive the professional degree of Master 
of Forestry (M.F.) or Master of Environmental Management (M.E.M.) from 
Duke University. Students may major in biology, economics, political science, 
or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

REQUIREMENTS: Required courses, regardless of major, include BI 1 1 1/1 12, 
302; EC 1 10/120; MA 161 or 1 1 1, and MA 170, plus those courses necessary 
to meet the general requirements of the College. Additional required course- 
work varies depending upon whether the student majors in economics, 
biology, mathematics or political science. 

Allied Health Sciences 

The College maintains a cooperative program ("2 + 2") with Thomas Jeffer- 
son University in Philadelphia, PA for students interested in nursing, physical 
therapy, occupational therapy, dental hygiene, radiologic technology, 
diagnostic medical sonography, cytotechnology, and medical technology. 
Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley College taking required courses 
in the basic sciences and other areas. During the second year, application is 



29 



made to Thomas Jefferson University where the students take courses in 
their area of specialty. Admission to the Jefferson phase of the program is 
not automatic and depends upon grades, recommendations, and an inter- 
view. Upon successful completion of the program, the student is awarded 
the baccalaureate degree from Thomas Jefferson University. 
The College also maintains a cooperative program with Hahnemann Univer- 
sity in Philadelphia for students interested in medical technology ("2 + 3"). 
The student spends two years at Lebanon Valley College and three years at 
Hahnemann University. Admissions procedures are similar to those described 
above. Upon successful completion of this program, the student is awarded 
the baccalaureate degree from Hahnemann University. 

Lebanon Valley College also has its own major in allied health sciences for 
those individuals who already possess an RN, RT, or other professional 
designation from an accredited hospital or community college program. Up 
to 60 hours of credit will be awarded for work achieved in the previous 
program. At Lebanon Valley College the individual takes a series of core 
courses and a concentration in either management, education, science or 
other areas as deemed appropriate by the director of the allied health 
sciences program. Lebanon Valley College awards the B.S. degree with a 
major in allied health sciences to those who have successfully completed the 
program. 



Medical Technology 

The College has its own major in medical technology. The student takes 
three years of courses to fulfill the requirements of the College and of the 
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences. Before or 
during the third year of the program, a student applies to a hospital with a 
CAHEA approved school of medical technology where he/she spends the 
fourth year in training. Admission is not automatic and depends upon the 
academic record, recommendations and an interview. Upon satisfactorily 
completing the clinical year, the student is awarded the degree of Bachelor 
of Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley College. The College is 
affiliated with the following hospitals: Abington Memorial Hospital, Sacred 
Heart Hospital (in Allentown), Harrisburg Hospital, Polyclinic Medical Center 
of Harrisburg, lersey Shore Medical Center-Fitkin Hospital, Lancaster General 
Hospital, and Reading Hospital and Medical Center. However, the student is 
not limited to these affiliations and may seek acceptance at other approved 
hospitals. 

30 



The College offers a program for students interested in nuclear medicine 
technology ("3 + 1"). The College is affiliated with the schools of nuclear 
medicine technology at the University of Virginia Medical Center and ].F. 
Kennedy Medical Center, Edison NJ. Admission is not automatic and de- 
pends upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. 
Application may also be made to other accredited programs. Upon successful 
completion of the program, students are awarded the baccalaureate degree 
by Lebanon Valley College. 

Courses in Biology 

101. Human Biology I. This course, designed for the non-science major, 
utilizes the human organism as the primary focus for elucidating physiologi- 
cal principles. Topics include nutrition, homeostasis, major organ systems, 
immunity, and exercise physiology. Laboratory exercises include sensory 
physiology, respiration, blood pressure, and ECG. 3 credits per semester. 

102. Human Biology II. This course, also designed for the non-science 
major, emphasizes the mastery of certain biological principles as applied pri- 
marily to humans. Topics include reproduction, development, classical and 
molecular genetics, and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement lecture 
topics. 3 credits per semester. 

1 1 1/112. General Biology I, II. These courses, designed for science 
majors, involve rigorous studies of basic biological principles. Biology 1 1 1 
emphasizes cell biology, genetics, taxonomy, and evolution. Biology 1 1 2 
covers concepts in physiology, embryology, botany and ecology. 4 credits 
per semester. 
1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of 
classical and molecular genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of ge- 
netics utilizing both classical and molecular approaches. Prerequisites: Bl 
1 1 1 and one year of chemistry. 4 credits. 

221. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. v The comparative anatomy of 
vertebrates with emphasis on the evolutionary relationships among the 
various lines of vertebrates. Intensive laboratory work involves dissections 
and demonstrations of representative vertebrates. 4 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development and diversity of 
plants and the relationships between them. Field and laboratory work will 
familiarize the student with the structure of plants and with the identification 



31 



. 



of flowering plants in the local flora. Prerequisite: Biology 1 1 2 or permission. 

4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic descriptive phenomena 
in the development of typical invertebrate and vertebrate embryos, with a 
consideration of modern embryological problems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. A study of the micro- 
scopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues, with illustrations of basic tissue 
similarities and specialization in relation to function. The laboratory work 
includes the preparation of slides utilizing routine histological and histo- 
chemical techniques. 4 credits. 

306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology, and biochem- 
istry of representative microorganisms. Prerequisite: three semesters of 
chemistry. 4 credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with emphasis 
on vascular plants. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 

4 credits. 

318. Fundamentals of Ecology. An examination of the basic concepts of 
ecology with extensive laboratory work and field experiences in freshwater, 
marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisites: BI 1 1 2 or permission. 4 
credits. 

322. Animal Physiology. ' A study of the principles of vertebrate body 
function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which cells and organs 
perform their functions and the interactions of the various organs in main- 
taining total body function. Prerequisites: BI 101 or 112 and one semester of 
chemistry, or permission. 4 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

400. Internship. Provides on-site research and study opportunities in 
medical research, veterinary medicine and applied ecology (conservation, 
forestry, and water quality control). Prerequisite: permission. 1 -4 credits per 
semester. 

401. Cell Physiology. A study of the functioning of cells, including ener- 
getics, mechanisms and control of cell transport, metabolism, irritability, 
biological rhythms and photophysiology. Prerequisite: three semesters of 
chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. A study of most of the invertebrate phyla, 
concentrating on movement, metabolism, information and control, repro- 
duction and association between animals. 4 credits. 

32 



409. Quantitative Ecology. An intensive study of ecological processes 
emphasizing the quantitative aspects of ecology at the population and 
community levels. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library 
research on an assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the 
biology faculty and students. This course may be repeated. 1 or 2 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: Permission. 1 -9 credits per semes- 
ter. 



Chemistry 

The aims of the Department of Chemistry are to provide its majors with 
rigorous training in the principles and applications of modern chemistry. The 
department offers two degrees, the B.S. with a major in chemistry and the 
B.S. in Chemistry which partially meets the requirements of the American 
Chemical Society. Both degree programs offer the necessary preparation for 
industry, graduate study or professional schools of medicine, dentistry, 
optometry, osteopathic medicine, or podiatry. Courses are designed to 
present the interaction of theoretical and experimental chemistry. In all lab- 
oratory courses emphasis is given to the use of instrumentation, including 
electronics. An independent study course is required of all chemistry majors. 

DEGREES: B.S. degree with a major in chemistry. B.S. in Chemistry degree 
(partial fulfillment of American Chemical Society certification). 

MAJOR: Students must take CH 1 1 5, or ( 1 1 1 , 112), 113, 114,213,214,215, 
216, 222, 311, 312, 314, 316, 319, 321, 322, and 323; MA 161, 162; PHY 111, 
1 12; total of 47-49 credits. 

B.S. in Chemistry candidates must take CH 1 1 5 or (1 1 1, 1 1 2), 1 13, 1 14, 21 3, 
214, 215, 216, 222, 31 1 , 31 2, 314, 316, 319, 321 , 322, 323, 411, and 6 credits 
from the following 421, 422, 491-498, and 4 credits of 500; MA 161, 162; 
PHY 111, 112; total of 60-62 credits. 

Courses in Chemistry 

100. Chemistry, The Individual and Society. A study of the relationship 
of chemistry to other disciplines as well as to government and politics. 4 
credits. 



33 



Ill, 112. Principles of Chemistry I, II. A systematic study of the funda- 
mental principles and concepts of chemistry. 3 credits per semester. 

113, 114. Introductory Laboratory Investigations I, II. Laboratory 
courses to accompany 1 1 1 and 1 1 2 respectively. Prerequisite or corequisite: 

CH 1 1 5, or ( 1 1 1 and 112). 1 credit per semester. 

1 15. Chemical Principles. An introduction to stoichiometry, bonding, 
equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamics. 4 credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

213, 214. Organic Chemistry I, II. An introduction to the structure, 
nomenclature, and properties of the major classes of organic compounds, 
with emphasis on the principles and reaction mechanisms describing their 
behavior. Prerequisite: CH 1 15, or (1 12 and 114). 3 credits per semester. 

215, 216. Laboratory Investigations I, II. Investigations of methods of 
synthesis and analysis of organic compounds including some physical 
organic studies. Prerequisite: CH 213. Corequisite: CH 214. 1 credit for 215, 
1 -2 credits for 216. 

222. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. The application of theoretical 
principles to the understanding of the descriptive chemistry of the elements. 
Prerequisite: CH 1 1 2 or 1 1 5. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

311, 312. Physical Chemistry I, II. A study of the physical theories of 
matter and their applications to systems of variable composition. Prerequi- 
sites: CH 214, MA 1 62 and PHY 112.3 credits per semester. 

314. Instrumental Analysis. An examination of instrumental analytical 
methods, including spectrophotometry, electroanalysis, coulometry, and po- 
larography. Prerequisites: CH 31 1 and 319. Corequisite: CH 312. 3 credits. 

316. Laboratory Investigations III. The use of instrumental techniques for 
investigating chemical systems. Prerequisites: CH 214 and 216. Corequisites: 
CH 311, 312. 1 credit. 

319. Chemical Equilibria. A rigorous mathematical description of the role 
of a chemical equilibrium in chemical systems emphasizing reactions involv- 
ing ionic substances and using modern analytical methods. Prerequisites: CH 
214 and 216. 4 credits. 

321, 322. Laboratory Investigations IV, V. Physical-chemical investiga- 
tions of chemical systems. Corequisite: CH 3 1 1 or 3 1 2. 1 credit per semester. 

323. Chemical Equilibria Laboratory. A laboratory study of the applica- 
34 



tion of equilibrium concepts to chemical systems. Corerequisite: CH 3 1 9. 1 
credit. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Supervised chemistry laboratory experience in an in- 
dustry, government agency, or hospital. Prerequisites: permission of chair- 
man of department. 1 -6 credits. 

411. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. A study of bonding theories, 
molecular structure, spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms with special 
emphasis on transition metal complexes. Prerequisite: CH 312. 3 credits per 
semester. 

421, 422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physical and organic aspects 
of living systems. Prerequisites: CH 214, 216. and 3 1 2 or permission. 3 
credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of pro- 
teins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CH 214 and 
216. 1 credit. 

480. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on special 
topics in biochemistry. 1 credit. 

491 -498. Special Topics. One or more of the following courses will be 
offered each semester: analytical, industrial chemistry, kinetics, organic 
synthesis, physical organic, polymers, or quantum mechanics. However, 
other options are available. Prerequisite: CH 312, 3 1 9 or permission. 1 - 6 
credits. 

500. Independent Study. Intensive library and laboratory study of special 
interest to advanced students in the major areas of chemistry. For students 
preparing for secondary school teaching, the emphasis is placed on methods 
of teaching chemistry. Prerequisites: CH 319, 312, and the consent of the 
chairman of the department. 2 or 3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9 for 
students in honors program). 



Education 

Elementary Education 

The teacher preparation program builds upon a strong foundation in the 
liberal arts and includes extensive training in teaching all school subjects. 
The field-centered component in the program provides the elementary 



35 



education major with extensive and carefully sequenced opportunities to 
work with teachers and children in a variety of school settings. During the 
first three years students will, as part of their coursework, spend time off 
campus doing observations, tutoring and small group instruction. Seniors 
spend a full semester in full-time student teaching. Coursework allows 
juniors and seniors the opportunity to work with nursery school children or 
with exceptional children in selected locations. 

DEGREE: B.S. degree with a major in elementary education. 

MAJOR: Elementary education majors must take: ED 110; EE 220, 250, 270, 
332, 341, 342, 344, 361, 362, 440, 499; AR 401 ; GO 1 1 1 ; one of the follow- 
ing: HI 1 1 1, 1 12, 125, 126; MA 100 or equivalent; PSY 100, 220, 321, for a 
total of 66 hours. 

Secondary Education 

There is no separate major for those interested in secondary education. 
Interested students major in a subject area and also enroll for courses in the 
Education Department. This program is designed to meet the requirements 
for teacher certification in Pennsylvania and many other states. Programs 
that lead to certification include biology, chemistry, English, French, German, 
Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies. 

DEGREE: B.A. or B.S. with a chosen major. 

Secondary Teacher Certification: Candidates must take 21 credits in 
professional courses plus the approved program in major subject field. ED 
1 10 should be taken in sophomore year and ED 420 in the junior year. ED 
430 and 440 are the student teaching semester of the senior or post graduate 
year. To qualify for student teaching the student must have taken ED 1 10 
and 420, taken the major courses in his field and must have a grade point 
average of 2.0 plus permission of his advisor and the director of secondary 
student teaching. Certification will be for grades 7 through 1 2 in certified major. 

Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. Fundamentals of music instruction, 
including a survey of approaches to developing conceptual learning; move- 
ment; playing classroom instruments; introduction of Orff and Kodaly 
techniques; creative applications; guided listening; the child voice; and 
materials for use in interest centers in elementary school. 3 credits. 



36 



250. Mathematics for the Elementary Grades. An introduction to 
fundamental concepts and processes in mathematics with emphasis on their 
application in the elementary school. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. An intro- 
duction to contemporary research, theories, programs, curricula, methods, 
and materials in early childhood education, nursery school through grade 2. 
Includes required field experience in a local setting. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of literature for children from infants 
through grade 8, including extensive classroom examination of books, 
poetry, storytelling, and audiovisual resources in children's literature. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in the Elementary School. Supervised field experi- 
ences in appropriate school settings. Prerequisite: Permission. 1 -3 credits 
per semester. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. A study of basic 
concepts in biology, chemistry, physics, and geography. Innovative curricula 
and methodology emphasize the experiential nature of science in the 
elementary classroom. Prerequisites: EE 250 and one semester of a labora- 
tory science. 3 credits. 

341/342. Teaching of Reading I, II. The fundamentals of teaching 
children to read, from the readiness programs of early childhood education 
to the more comprehensive techniques required to teach reading in all 
subject areas of the curricula in elementary and middle schools. Effective 
reading programs, methods, and materials are examined first hand. Attention 
is given to the classroom teacher's diagnosis of reading difficulties with an 
eye to preventive and prescriptive teaching. Includes during each semester 
one hour per week of tutoring of selected elementary school students. 
Prerequisite: EE 270. 3 credits per semester. 

344. Health and Safety Education. A study of basic health and safety 
practices and procedures as applied to the elementary school, including a 
program of physical education for elementary school children, an American 
Red Cross-approved program of first aid, and an evaluation of sources and 
use of materials. Prerequisites: ED 110; PSY 220. 3 credits. 

361/362. Language Arts in the Elementary School I, II. The fundamen- 
tals of language growth in oral and written expression, beginning with early 
childhood. The courses are designed to assist teachers in helping children 
communicate effectively and responsibly in a creative manner, grow toward 



37 



self understanding, and develop satisfying interpersonal relationships. The 
emphasis in 361 is on the language arts, and in 362 it is on the social 
studies. 3 credits per semester. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire semester in a 
classroom of an area public school under the supervision of a carefully se- 
lected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative grade point 
average of 2.0 during the first six semesters in college is required. Prerequi- 
sites: ED 1 10; PSY 220; EE 250, 270, 332, 341, 342, 361, 362, and permission. 
3-12 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to pertinent problems in 
student teaching or to further professional growth in the profession are re- 
searched. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1 - 3 credits per semester 

Courses in Education 

1 10. Foundations of Education. A study of the social, historical and 
philosophical foundations of American education correlated with a survey of 
the principles and theories of influential educators. 3 credits. 

191 - 198. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

280. Field Practicum in the Secondary School. Supervised field experi- 
ences in appropriate school settings. Designed to offer practical experiences 
for prospective secondary teachers or students planning an educational 
ministry. Prerequisites: Permission. 1 -3 credits per semester. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. A study of the 
preparation and use of instructional technology, media, and equipment. 3 
credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. An introduction to current 
research and practices concerning exceptionalities in children, including the 
handicapped and gifted. The course includes attention to policies, legisla- 
tion, programs, methods and materials. Various resource personnel are 
invited to address pertinent issues. The course includes a minimum of one 
hour per week field experience in local programs designed to meet the 
needs of exceptional children. Prerequisites: ED 110, PSY 100. 3 credits. 

38 



491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

Courses in Secondary Education 

420. Human Growth and Development. A survey of psychology and 
learning and their application to secondary school teaching. Prerequisite: ED 
110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. An examination of the basic principles and 
methods of secondary classroom instruction. Emphasis is placed on reading 
skills. Prerequisite: ED 1 10. 3 credits. 

431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. A study of curricular 
patterns and development for areas within the social studies. Students will 
prepare instructional objectives, select and organize subject matter, investi- 
gate a variety of learning activities and strategies for developing inquiry 
skills, decision-making ability and values. 1 -2 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends one semester in a classroom 
of an area school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating 
teacher. Open to seniors only. Requirements are: (1) a grade point average of 
at least 2.0 in the major field; (2) completion of methods in the major field; 
and (3) approval of the major advisor and the director of secondary student 
teaching. Prerequisites: ED 110, 420, 430 (ED 430 may be taken concurrently 
with ED 440). 3-12 credits. 






Geography 

Courses in geography are offered as an adjunct to the elementary and 
secondary education program and for the student who wishes to learn about 
geography for personal interest. 

Courses in Geography 

111. Physical Geography. A survey of the physical aspects of the earth, 
its place in the solar system, earth movements, waters, landforms, climate, 
soil types, weather, and processes that form and change the earth's surface. 
3 credits. 

1 12. Regional Cultural Geography. A survey of the relationship between 
culture and environment. 3 credits. 



39 



Reading and Study Skills 

Occasionally, an incoming student may have had insufficient preparation for 
study and concentration at the college level. It is for this student that the 
reading and study skills course is intended. 

1 10. Reading and Study Skills. A study of techniques intended to 
improve those skills important to reading and to study at the college level. 
Tests assigned for students' own classes are utilized. Students who have 
SAT verbal scores below 450 are strongly advised to take the course. 1 credit. 



English 

The major in English introduces students to the humanistic study of litera- 
ture. Students majoring in English may choose either a concentration in 
literature or a concentration in communications. The basis for both concen- 
trations is the systematic and analytical study of literature. All majors also 
learn clear, concise, and coherent expression as well as effective collection, 
organization, and presentation of material. Such study prepares the student 
for more advanced work in many fields. Graduates of the Department of 
English are prepared for work in such fields as journalism, teaching, editing, 
public relations, publishing, advertising, government, industry, the ministry, 
and the law. 
DEGREE: B.A. with a major in English. 

Major core requirements: All students must take EN 200, EN 331, EN 499, 
one major authors course, and three courses from EN 220, EN 225, EN 226, 
EN 227, EN 228. 

Literature Concentration: Students must take two additional survey courses 
and three additional major authors or special topics courses. Students 
planning to teach secondary school will also take EN 218 and EN 334. 

Communications Concentration: Beyond the core courses the student will 
take EN 213, and three additional communications courses or work related 
such as photography or electronic studio. The student will also take at least 
one internship. 

Courses in English 

111/112. English Composition, I, II. In both semesters concentration is 
helping the student find his or her own voice within the demands and 

40 



expectations of public expression. These courses emphasize the develop- 
ment of clear, organized, and rhetorically effective prose. 3 credits per 
semester. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

200. Introduction to Literary Studies. An introduction to the basic 
methodology, tools, terminology, and concepts of the study of literature. 3 
credits. 

210. Management Communications. The development of reading, 
writing, and listening skills for management in the business community. 
Prerequisites: EN 111, 1 12 or permission. 3 credits. 

213. Introduction to Journalistic Writing. The development of the basic 
skills of journalistic writing. 3 credits. 

214. Writing for the Media. The application of basic journalistic skills to 
magazines, public relations, publicity, radio, and television. 3 credits. 

216. Technical Writing. The development of writing skills within the 
context of technical and scientific writing, with emphasis on style and forms. 
3 credits. 

218. Oral Communications. Introduction to oral communication, with 
emphasis on effective public speaking. 3 credits. 

220. Masters of American Literature. A study of selected major authors 
representing various periods of American Literature. 3 credits. 

223. Creative Writing. The production of fiction or poetry (in alternate 
offerings) in a workshop setting. 3 credits. 

225/226. Survey of English Literature I, II. An examination of English 
literature from the beginnings to the present, viewed in perspective against 
the background of English life and thought. 3 credits per semester. 

227/228. World Literature I, II. An examination of major themes in 
Western thought through major literary works from the ancient Greeks to the 
moderns. 3 credits per semester. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits ' 

331 . History of the English Language. An examination of English sounds, 
grammatical forms, and vocabulary, as well as a brief survey of standards of 
correctness and current usage. 3 credits. 

334. Modern Grammars. A review of traditional grammar and a survey of 
recent grammatical concepts resulting from developments in structural 
linguistics. Prerequisite: EN 331. 3 credits. 



41 



335. The Novel. A study of the development of the English novel from 
Richardson to Joyce. 3 credits. 

336. Theatre Workshop. A study of the elements of theatre as oriented 
toward stage presentation, with classroom practice in production of scenes 
and whole plays. 3 credits. 

340-349. Major Authors. In-depth examinations of works of individual 
important authors in American, English and World literature. 3 credits each. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Supervised field experience in communications work. 
1-15 semester hours credit. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. This capstone course for English majors varies in content. 3 
credits. 

500. Independent Study. For the student who desires to engage in a 
project of independent work, whether enrolled in the departmental honors 
program or not. Prerequisite: Permission. 1 -3 credits per semester, (maxi- 
mum of 9) 



Foreign Languages 

The study of a foreign language has three aims: to develop fluency in the 
basic communication skills, to provide an understanding of the cultural 
heritage of the people who use the language, and to understand language as 
the fundamental medium in which mankind thinks and interacts. 

The Department of Foreign Languages prepares the language major for a 
career in a variety of fields: teaching, diplomatic and governmental service, 
foreign trade, business and social service. For many of these careers the 
study of a foreign language is often combined with majors in other disciplines. 

The Department encourages students to avail themselves of the College's 
opportunities for foreign travel and study, including the International 
Student Exchange Program. 

DEGREE: For the student who majors in foreign language, French, German 
or Spanish, the B.A. is offered. 

MAJOR: A student may elect to major in one language or in foreign lan- 
guages. A major in one language requires FL250 and 24 hours above the in- 
termediate level in the language studied. A major in foreign languages has 

42 



the same requirements plus 1 2 hours above the intermediate level in a 
second language. For prospective teachers, FL 440 is required. 

Courses in Foreign Language 

250. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory study of language as a 
communication system, designed for majors and non-majors and taught in 
English. 3 credits. 

260. Approaches to Culture. A survey of contemporary life in French, 
German and Spanish speaking countries. Topics may include customs, 
values, social structures, geography, and current issues. Taught in English. 3 
credits. 

440. Methods of Teaching Foreign Language. A comprehensive study of 
modern teaching methods, with emphasis on basic skills for secondary 
school level instruction. Prerequisite: FR 3 1 6, or SP 3 1 6, or GER 316.2 credits. 

Courses in French 

101, 102. Elementary French I, II. Introductory courses in French. 3 
credits per semester. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

201, 202. Intermediate Conversational French. A review of French 
grammar, emphasizing practice in conversation, comprehension, reading, 
and writing. Prerequisite: FR 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

311. Introduction to French Literature. Practice in the careful reading of 
literary texts and in the basic language skills. Prerequisite: FR 202, or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living French 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer 
to current problems. 3 credits. 

315. French Culture. A study of modern France. Special attention is paid 
to those qualities, characteristics, and traditions which are uniquely French. 
Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written French. An advanced grammatical and stylistic level with 
emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: FR 202 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 



43 



320. Business French. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, governmental or social 
organization. 1-15 credits. 

410. French Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of 
medieval French literature to 1600. Prerequisite: FR 31 1 or 316 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

420. French Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. A study of major French 
authors of this era, the apogee of French civilization, including Corneille, 
Racine, Moliere, La Fontaine, and Pascal. Prerequisite: FR 31 1 or FR 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

430. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A study of the main literary 
and philosophical currents of the Eighteenth Century. Emphasis will be 
placed on the works of Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire, and Rousseau. 
Prerequisite: FR 31 1 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The Modern French Novel. A study of the French novel. Limited to 
the study of novels of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: 
FR 31 1 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A study of theatre and 
poetry of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: Fr 31 1 or FR 
316 or permission. 3 credits. 

491 -498 Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: FR 316 or equivalent. 1 -6 credits. 

Courses in German 

100. Elementary German. Self-paced. A beginning course for the student 
who wishes to proceed at his own pace. A student may earn from 2 to 6 
credits, depending on the amount of work completed. The student does not 
attend class but uses specially developed materials and may call on the 
instructor for aid. With the approval of the instructor, a student may enroll 
in this class for more than one semester until a total of 6 credits has been 
earned. 

101, 102. Elementary German I, II. Introductory courses in German. 3 
credits per semester. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 
44 



201, 202. Intermediate Conversational German I, II. A review of German 
grammar, with practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: GR 102 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

210. Scientific German. An introduction to scientific writing in German. 
The vocabulary and syntax of scientific writing with emphasis on the accurate 
translation of texts. Taught in English. Prerequisite: GR 102. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

31 1. Introduction to German Literature. Practice in the careful reading of 
literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: GR 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living German 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer 
to current problems. 3 credits. 

315. German Culture. Study of the major features of contemporary 
German life. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written German on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, 
with emphasis on the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequi- 
site: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business German. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, governmental or social 
organization. 1-15 credits. 

410. The German Heritage. A survey of German culture and civilization 
including history, music, art, literature, and philosophy. Prerequisite: GR 31 1 
or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. The Age of Heroes. An exploration of the idea held by writers from 
the medieval through the baroque periods that an exemplary individual is 
the proper measure and focus of human aspiration and achievement. 
Prerequisite: GR 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of these literary figures, with 
an examination of their society and artistic achievements. Prerequisite: GR 
311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The German Novelle. The novelle as a literary genre, as well as its 
development through the Nineteenth and early Twentieth Centuries. Prereq- 
uisite: GR 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 



45 



450. German Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of represen- 
tative works by leading authors of the century and current literary move- 
ments. Prerequisite: GR 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent study. 1 -6 credits. 

Courses in Greek. 

101, 102. Elementary Greek I, II. Introductory study in the basics of 
ancient Greek. 3 credits per semester. 

201, 202. Intermediate Greek I, II. Readings from Greek literature. First 
semester includes readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second 
semester includes readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. Prerequisite: GK 102. 
3 credits per semester. 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. Prerequisite: GK 202 3 
credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

Courses in Latin 

101. Elementary Latin I. Basic grammar and syntax, including some 
readings of ancient writers. 3 credits. 

102. Elementary Latin II. A review of grammar and translation. Translation 
of English into Latin and reading of Latin prose selections, including Cicero. 
Prerequisite: LT 101 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

201. Intermediate Latin I. A review of grammar and selected readings. 
Readings from such prose works as Cicero's essays. Prerequisite: LT 102 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

202. Intermediate Latin II. Selected readings. A reading of passages 
selected from the writings of Virgil and Ovid. Prerequisite: LT 201 or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 



46 



Courses in Spanish 

101, 102. Elementary Spanish I, II. Introductory courses in Spanish. 3 
credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special topics. 1 - 6 credits 

201, 202. Intermediate Conversational Spanish I, II. A review of Spanish 
grammar, and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: SP 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

311. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Practice in the careful reading of 
literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: SP 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living Spanish 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer 
to current problems. 3 credits. 

315. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture and language, with 
emphasis on the culture as found in modern Spain and its reflection in 
America. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written Spanish on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, 
with emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: 
SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business Spanish. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, governmental or social 
organization. 1-15 credits. 

410. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study 
of the outstanding works of the period. Prerequisite: SP 31 1 or 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

420. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study of the major works 
of the period. Prerequisite: SP 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Spanish Literature of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. 

Readings from tne Enlightenment in Spain, and an examination of the major 
works of romanticism and realism. Prerequisite: SP 31 1 or 316 or permission. 
3 credits. 



47 



440. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the literary 
movements of this century, starting with the Generation '98 and modernism. 
Prerequisite: SP 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Spanish-American Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of 
the important writers of the century, with emphasis on recent developments 
in the literature of Spanish-America. Prerequisite: SP 3 1 1 or 3 1 6 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. 1 -6 credits. 



Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional training in the medical 
(medicine, osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and 
dentistry) and veterinary fields. Students interested in one of these careers 
usually follow a science curriculum with a major in biochemistry, biology or 
chemistry. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional 
study, the student who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate 
in a cooperative program between the College and local veterinarians, 
specializing in both small and large animal medicine. Students not only 
receive credit for the work, but also gain valuable experience in the field. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the 
Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine have established an accelerated 
curriculum consisting of a minimum of 90 undergraduate semester hours 
and four years of podiatric medical education. Following three years of study 
at Lebanon Valley College a student may be recommended for further study 
at the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon Valley College 
then awards the baccalaureate degree, with a major in biochemistry, biology 
or chemistry, to those students who complete successfully one year of basic 
science education at the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study in 
addition to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in 
health professions careers. 

Lebanon Valley College graduates have been admitted to some of the 
nation's finest schools including Johns Hopkins University Medical School, 
The University of Pennsylvania, The University of Pittsburgh, Jefferson 

48 



Medical School, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Temple University, 
The University of Maryland, The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medi- 
cine, The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine and the Pennsylvania 
College of Optometry. 



History and Political Science 

The Department of History and Political Science is a dual department, but 
each curriculum is distinct and taught separately. By examination of human 
behavior of the past, the study of history can help human beings to a better 
understanding of themselves and others. Political science deals with the 
political behavior of individuals, groups, institutions, and nations. 

The Department encourages supervised academic and field experience in a 
variety of internships in related work. Interns earn between 1 and 15 credit 
hours. 

DEGREES: B.A. degree with a major in history or political science. 

MAJORS: (History) HI 125, 1 26, 2 1 3, 4 1 2, and 500; one course from among 
HI 225, 227, 229, 241-249, and 310; two courses from among HI 21 1-219, 
331 -339, and 341 -349; three elective courses in history and one in political 
science, for a total of 36 hours. (Political Science) PS 1 1 1/1 1 2, 2 1 0, 220, 230, 
240, and 310; five courses from among PS 212, 315, 316, 320, 330, 350, 400, 
4 1 5, and 500; and HI 1 25 or 1 26, for a total of 39 hours. 

Courses in History 

125/126. Survey of United States History I, II. The first semester covers 
the development of America to 1865, the second semester from 1865 to the 
present. 3 credits per semester. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

201 -209. Epochs of the Past. In successive years this course will cover 
such topics as: Greek and Roman History (the origins, structures, and values 
of Greek and Roman societies from 1200 B.C. to 500 A.D.); The Middle Ages 
(the emergence of European society from 500 to 1 300 A.D., emphasizing 
social and intellectual life); Early Modern Europe (the emergence of a secular 
society of science, liberty, and national states). 3 credits. 

213. History and Historians. An investigation of the lives and ideas of the 
great historians, with an emphasis on individual research. 3 credits. 

49 



225. The American Colonies and the American Revolution. A study of 
how Europeans seized the New World, transformed themselves into Ameri- 
cans, and fought to build a republic in a world of monarchy. 3 credits. 

227. Civil War and Reconstruction. A study of how sectional divisions 
plunged Americans into a bloody war and a bitter postwar effort to reshape 
Southern society. 3 credits. 

229. America in the Atomic Age. The impact of world war, cold war, 
social change, and international responsibilities upon America in the modern 
age. 3 credits. 

241 -249. American Regional Studies. The history of one geographic 
region from colonial days to the present. In successive years the course will 
cover Pennsylvania history, the frontier, and the South. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

310. Business in American History. A survey of the lives and ideas of 
business leaders, the development of the American economy, and the 
relationship between business, society, and government, from colonial days 
to the Twentieth Century. 3 credits. 

331 -339. European Studies. Thematic treatments of European history, 
focusing on one topic per semester. 3 credits per semester. 

341 -349. Regional Studies. An in-depth study of the histories of various 
important regions of the world. 3 credits per semester. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field experience. Participants 
will be selected by members of the department staff. 3-6 credits per semes- 
ter; maximum of 15 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. Readings, discussions, and evaluations of significant works 
of history. Open to history majors; open to others by permission. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Permission required. 1 -3 credits per semester; 
maximum of 9 credits. 

Courses in Political Science 

1 10. American Political Culture. A study of the ideas and values that 
shape the structure and institutions of the American political system. 3 credits. 

111/112. American National Government I, II. In the first semester the 
following are covered: the nature of American democracy, constitutional 

50 



foundations of American government, the federal system, civil rights and lib- 
erties, political behavior, political parties, and campaigns and elections. The 
following are studied in the second semester: the structures and functions of 
American government (Presidency, Congress, courts, and bureaucracy), and 
the foreign and domestic policy-making process. 3 credits per semester. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

210. Comparative Government. A comparative study of important 
political systems of the world, including an introduction to the basic meth- 
odologies. PS 111/112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

212. American Foreign Policy. A survey of the external relations of the 
American government, emphasizing Twentieth Century developments. 
Subjects include diplomacy, military affairs, geographic and regional prob- 
lems, trade and aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, nuclear 
problems, and opposing ideologies. PS 111/112 strongly recommended as 
preparation. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods. See PSY 216 3 credits 

220. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and theories 
of government, ancient and modern, but especially since the Sixteenth 
Century Prerequisite: PS 111/112. 3 credits. 

230. International Politics. The origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of 
the international political pattern, with emphasis on current developments 
and changing concepts in world politics. 3 credits. 

240. Principles of Public Administration. An examination of the struc- 
tures through which governments try to carry out their policies. The course 
covers both the practical matters of accountability and efficiency, and the 
analytical concerns of organizational theory and bureaucratic culture. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

310. Research Methods in Political Science. A course in the conduct 
and interpretation of research in political science. Topics covered include 
formulation of a research problem, research<iesign, techniques of scaling and 
measurement, data collection and analysis, and writing the research report. 
Prerequisite: permission; MA 170, elementary statistics, is strongly recom- 
mended. 3 credits. 

315. American Constitutional Law I. The development of American 
constitutional law from 1776 to 1947. Topics include judicial review, national 
supremacy, private property, contracts, commerce powers, equal rights, and 
civil liberties. Required of all pre-law students. 3 credits. 



51 



316. American Constitutional Law II. The development of American 
constitutional law from 1947 to the present. Emphasis is given to civil 
liberties, equal rights, and rights of the accused, with some treatment of 
presidential powers, the commerce clause, and the contract clause. Required 
of all pre-law students. 3 credits. 

320. Electoral Politics. The dynamics of the electoral process, with 
emphasis on presidential and congressional elections, and including the role 
of parties, public opinion, and interest groups. 3 credits. 

330. State and Local Government. This course covers the governmental 
institutions and political characteristics of state and local political systems, 
and the major inter-governmental problems in state and local relations with 
the federal government. 3 credits. 

350. Select Problems. A course to give students a chance to explore in 
depth a topic of special interest. 3 credits. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field experience. Prerequisite: 
PS 111/112 and permission. 3-6 credits per semester; maximum of 1 5 credits. 

415. Foundations of American Law. An historical survey of the Western 
legal tradition from classical times through the Eighteenth Century. The 
course examines conceptions of English common law and its relationship to 
the evolution of American law. Strongly recommended for pre-law students. 
Prerequisite: permission. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Permission required. 1 -3 credits per semester; 
maximum of 9. 

International Business 

The program in international business provides an opportunity to integrate 
the study of business with the knowledge of a foreign language and culture. It 
is designed to equip students with the background and skills necessary to 
work with foreign corporations within the United States and with American 
corporations abroad. While acquiring a strong liberal arts background, 
students who elect this major will receive training in accounting, manage- 
ment, economics and political science. They also will become familiar with a 
foreign culture and will acquire proficiency in French, German or Spanish. 
International business majors are encouraged to apply for internships in 
order to gain valuable field experience. 

52 



DEGREE: B.S. degree with a major in international business. 

MAJOR: AC 151, 152; MG 180, 361, 376; EC 110, 120, 332; PS 210, 230; FR, 
GER, SP 315, 316; and two other courses in the selected foreign language 
above the intermediate level (201, 202), for a total of 42 hours. 

Management 

The Department of Management offers programs of study designed to 
provide majors in accounting, management, and economics with a broad 
liberal education that will enable graduates to play a more active role in the 
changing world of ideas and actions, prepared with a sound and integrated 
knowledge of the essential principles and problems of accounting, manage- 
ment and economics. 

Regardless of major, a set of core courses is required for all, to ensure that 
everyone will have a common framework of reference as well as common 
tools of analysis to pursue special interests within the particular major. The 
department offers three majors: accounting, management, and economics. 
Within the management major four additional advising concentrations are 
also offered: business information systems (computer applications in busi- 
ness), general management, marketing, and organizational behavior/indus- 
trial relations. 

DEGREE: B.S. degree with a major in accounting or management or economics. 

MAJOR: Core requirements AC 151, 152; MG 180; EC 110, 120, 222; either 
AC 499, MG 499, EC 499; CS 140, or CS 170; EN 210; MA 150, 170. 

Accounting: core plus AC 251, 252, 353, MG 361, plus 6 additional credits in 
accounting. 

Management: MG 361, plus concentration requirements. 

Concentration requirements: (Business Information Systems) MA 160, CS 
140, CS 244, plus 9 credits in CS courses above the 300 level. (Industrial 
Relations and Organizational Behavior) MG 290, 350, EC 181, 301, Elective. 
(General Management) MG 350, 376, 383, 4^0, Elective. (Marketing) MG 282, 
364, 381,384, Elective. 

Economics: EC 20 1 , 203, 312, plus 9 credits in economics. 

Courses in Accounting 

151, 1 52. Principles of Accounting I, II. The analysis of common business 
transactions as they are recorded in various ledgers, journals, and basic 



53 



financial statements. Specific items in the balance sheet and income state- 
ments are discussed. An introduction to cost accounting is presented in AC 
1 52. 3 credits per semester. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced course in accounting 
principles, stressing statement presentation and including valuation prob- 
lems in presenting assets, liabilities, and stockholders' equity. Prerequisite: 
AC 152. 3 credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. The analysis of financial statements, 
effects of error on statements, preparation of funds flow statements, and 
price level adjustments. Prerequisite: AC 251. 3 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

351. Advanced Accounting. A study of partnerships, installment sales, 
consignment sales, home-branch office relationships, business combinations, 
special problems of consolidations, foreign subsidiaries and branches, and 
fiduciary accounting. Prerequisite: AC 252. 3 credits. 

352. Government and Non-Profit Accounting. Basic concepts of fund 
and budgetary accounting used for the financial activities of federal, state, 
and local government units; systems for achieving accounting and adminis- 
trative controls for service organizations, such as hospitals, educational 
institutions, and other non-profit organizations. Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 
credits. 

353. Cost Accounting. The accumulation and recording of the costs 
associated with the manufacturing operation including job-order, process 
and standard cost systems, and joint and by-product costing. Prerequisite: 
AC 152. 3 credits. 

354. Advanced Cost and Managerial Accounting. Topics covered 
include budgeting, cost-volume-profit analysis, decision models, pricing 
decisions, and segmental analysis. Prerequisite: AC 353. 3 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, government, or other 
organization. Ordinarily a few juniors will be chosen for the available intern- 
ships by the departmental faculty. 1-15 credits. 

451. Individual Income Tax Accounting. Analysis of the federal income 

tax laws as they apply to individuals; case problems, preparation of returns. 
Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 credits. 

452. Corporate Income Tax Accounting. Analysis of the federal income 
54 



tax laws as they apply to corporations, partnerships and fiduciaries; case 
problems, preparation of returns. Prerequisite: AC 451. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. A study of professional ethics and legal responsibilities of 
public accountants, generally accepted accounting principles, and auditing 
procedures. Prerequisite: AC 252. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. A capstone course emphasizing the computer-based 
preparation of financial statements as well as a major research paper and 
oral presentation. Required of all accounting majors. Prerequisites: MG 361 
and AC 252. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1 -6 credits 
Courses in Management 

180. Principles of Management. A study of the process of using and 
coordinating all available resources to achieve the objectives of a business, 
governmental, educational, social, or religious organization. The course 
includes discussions and case studies of decision making, planning, organiz- 
ing, staffing; motivation, leadership, control, and communication. 3 credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

250. Real Estate I. Examination of real estate and the market forces 
affecting it: finance, sales, and brokerage operations. 3 credits. 

280. Small Business Management. A study of small business, including 
organization, staffing, production, marketing, and profit planning. Cases are 
used extensively in presenting the course material. Prerequisites: AC 152 
and MG 180. 3 credits. 

282. Marketing. An overview of marketing from the management perspec- 
tive. Topics include marketing strategies; marketing research; consumer 
behavior; selecting target markets; developing, pricing, distributing, and pro- 
moting products; services and non-profit marketing. Prerequisites: MG 180. 3 
credits. 

290. Personnel Administration. This course examines the problems in 
effectively recruiting, selecting, training, developing, compensating, and 
disciplining human resources; equal employment opportunity; labor-man- 
agement relations. Prerequisite: MG 180. 3 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

350. Work and Organizational Behavior. A detailed study of theories 
and models of organizational behavior, with emphasis on the practical 



55 



application of these models in the workplace to improve individual, group, 
and organizational performance. Prerequisite: MG 180. 3 credits. 

361. Corporation Finance. A study of financial management covering 
analysis of asset, liability and capital relationships and operations; manage- 
ment of current assets, working capital, cash, liquid assets, receivables, 
inventory; capital planning and budgeting; capital structure and dividend 
policy; short- and intermediate-term financing; long-term financing, external 
and internal; mergers and acquisitions; multinational operations; and 
corporation failures and liquidation. Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. An analysis of investment and its relation to other 
economic, legal, and social institutions. The course includes discussion of 
investment principles, machinery, policy, management, investment types, 
and the development of portfolios for individuals and institutions. Prerequi- 
site: MG 361 . 3 credits. 

364. Advertising. A study of the role of advertising. The course includes 
analyses of various media in retail and industrial settings, the organization 
and function of advertising agencies and departments, and creativity in 
various media. Prerequisite: MG 282. 3 credits. 

366. Retail Management. Analysis of retail institutions with regard to 
market structure, store development, merchandising, staffing, promotion, 
customer service, record keeping, and security. Prerequisite: MG 282. 3 credits. 

371/372. Business Law I, II. Elementary principles of law as they relate to 
the field of business. The course covers contracts, agency, employment, 
commercial paper, personal property, sales, security devices, insurance, part- 
nerships, corporation, real estate, estates, bankruptcy, and government 
regulations. 3 credits per semester. 

376. International Business Management. A study of the management 
techniques and procedures necessary in international and multinational 
organizations. Prerequisite: MG 282. 3 credits. 

381. Marketing Management. A study of the market-oriented problems 
of firms, including identification and selection of market opportunities, 
formulation of competitive strategies, and marketing policies and programs. 
Prerequisite: MG 282. 3 credits. 

383. Operations Management. A study of decision models and their use 
in production and operations management. Linear programming, selection 
techniques, capital budgeting, forecasting, queueing applications, regression 
analysis, inventory and materials requirement planning (MRP) are considered 
with applications. Use of computer models is included. Prerequisites: MA 
180 and EC 222 or permission. 3 credits. 
56 



384. Marketing Research. An introduction to the methodology of mar- 
keting research. Specific topics covered include problem formulation, 
research design, sample design, data collection, analysis and interpretation 
of data, and presentation of research findings. Prerequisites: MG 180 and 
282. 3 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, government or other 
organization in some area of business administration. Ordinarily a few juniors 
will be chosen for the available internships by the departmental faculty. 
1-15 credits. 

450. Business Strategy. A capstone course to enable the mature student 
to interpret business policies and strategies in light of the larger environ- 
ment and demands of profitability, social responsibility and individual rights 
as required in the successful management of a company, institution or 
organization. Prerequisite: permission. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar and Special Problems. Reading, discussion, and research 
in management under the direction and supervision of the departmental 
faculty. Required of all management majors. Prerequisite: MG 361. 3 credits 
per semester. 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for students in the depart- 
mental honors program and other qualified students who wish to undertake 
independent study in a specific area of management. 1 - 6 credits per semester. 

Courses in Economics 

100. Basic Economics. An introductory study of the historical, cultural 
and theoretical basis of economics. A survey of economic decision-making 
tools and applications. Areas surveyed include: economic systems, markets, 
competition, money, inflation and unemployment policies and international 
trade. Not for management, economics or accounting majors. 3 credits. 

1 10. Principles of Economics I. An introductory study of economic 
principles and the American economy, with emphasis on the elementary 
concepts of national income, price level, business fluctuations, banking, 
money supply, and economic growth. 3 credits. 

120. Principles of Economics II. An introductory study of economic 
principles and the American economy, with emphasis on the elementary 
concepts of the consumption function, production function, product pricing, 
factor pricing, resource allocation, labor economics, public finance, and 
international economics. 3 credits. 



57 



130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and economic analysis of 
public issues. 3 credits. 

181. Consumer Behavior. A study of the reciprocal effects of economics 
and behavior with particular emphasis upon motivational factors in economic 
behavior. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

201. Microeconomic Analysis. Managerial and economic decision-making 
of business firms, with emphasis on sales, costs, profit, and resource alloca- 
tion. The course provides a study of the tools of analysis, with stress on 
computer programming. Prerequisites: EC 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

203. Macroeconomic Analysis. A study of contemporary theories of the 
macro-economy. Emphasis is placed on policy applications of the models. 
Prerequisites: EC 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. Development and application of mathematical 

concepts and statistical methods; application of theory to problems in 

economics and business administration. Prerequisites: MA 170 and 180. 3 

credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

301. Labor Economics and Industrial Relations. Theoretical analysis of 
labor market functioning, including the impact of unionism, government 
policy, and demographic trends. The course also includes human capital 
theory; measurement of the labor force and data sources; history of the 
American labor movement; legislation affecting industrial relations; collective 
bargaining processes, and industrial jurisprudence. Prerequisites: EC 1 10 and 
1 20. 3 credits. 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of money and credit. The 
course includes the development and role of commercial and central bank- 
ing and structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System, as well as 
monetary and banking theory, policy, and practice. 3 credits. 
321. Public Finance. A study of the economic functioning of government, 
including public sector efficiency, principles of taxation, influence of public 
policy, and economic and social aspects of public spending. Prerequisites: 
EC 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

332. International Economics. A study of theories and empirical analysis 
of international trade. The topics include capital movement, equilibrium, 
tariff, quota, monetary standards and exchange rate, state trading, cartel, and 
other international economic agreements. Prerequisites: EC 1 10 and 120. 3 
credits. 

58 



391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, government or other 
organization in some area of economics. Ordinarily, a few juniors will be 
chosen for the available internships by the departmental faculty. 1-15 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of economic thought 
through the principal schools from mercantilism to the present. Attention is 
given to the analysis of the various theories of value, wages, interest, rent, 
profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, and to the influences of 
earlier economic ideas upon current thinking and policy-making. Prerequi- 
sites: EC 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

41 1. Economic Growth and Development. Analysis of classical and 
modern theories and models of economic growth; study of theory and impli- 
cations of alternative development policies. Prerequisites: EC 1 10 and 120. 3 
credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits. 

499. Seminar and Special Problems. Reading, discussion, and research 
in economics under the direction and supervision of the departmental staff. 
Required of all economics majors. Prerequisite: EC 201 or 203. 3 credits per 
semester. 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for students in the depart- 
mental honors program and other qualified students who wish to undertake 
independent study in a specific area of economics. 1 -6 credits per semester. 

Mathematical Sciences 

The Department of Mathematical Sciences offers major programs in actuarial 
science, computer science, and mathematics, as well as a concentration in 
operations research. The major in mathematics can be tailored to prepare the 
student for graduate school, secondary school teaching, work in business or 
industry, or to dovetail with a second major in another department. 

A rigorous study of mathematics is the common foundation of all three 
major programs in the department. The structure of the required core 
courses allows each student complete flexibility in the choice of one of the 
three majors, usually by the end of the second year of study. A strong effort 
is made not to differentiate among the students in the department by majors. 

The major in actuarial science is unique. Lebanon Valley College is the only 
four-year college east of the Mississippi which offers courses specifically 
designed to prepare for the first four examinations of the Society of Actuaries 



59 



and the Casualty Actuarial Society. Independent study offers the opportunity 
to work towards Exam 5 of the Society of Actuaries. 

The major program in computer science implements the recommendations 
of the Association for Computing Machinery and of the Data Processing 
Management Association. PASCAL, BASIC-PLUS, FORTRAN and COBOL 
are taught and used in a broad range of courses in scientific computing and 
in business applications of computer methods. Other languages are avail- 
able. Particular emphasis is placed on microcomputers and on computer 
graphics. The computer science laboratory is equipped with microcomputers, 
a PDP 1 1/40, and various other pieces of hardware including equipment with 
graphics capability. A unique computer science lecture room facilitates 
presentation of the various languages and computer techniques. Terminals 
are located in the laboratory and the computer center, which operates a 
powerful version of the PDP 1 1/70 for academic and administrative support. 
Other equipment is located throughout the campus, including both terminals 
and microcomputers. 

DEGREES: B.S. with a major in mathematics; B.S. with a major in actuarial 
science. B.S. with a major in computer science. 

MAJORS: Core requirements MA 111, 1 12, 21 1, 222; CS 140, 240, plus 
additional requirements by major. 

Mathematics: Core plus 15 hours in courses numbered above 300. 

Actuarial Science: Core plus MA 371, 372; AS 385, 386, 481, 482; OR 335; 
AC 151, 1 52; EC 110; 1 20; also Exam 1 of the Society of Actuaries must be 
passed by the fall of the senior year. 

Computer Science: Core plus two courses from among MA 270, 322, 411, 
OR 335, 336. The following computer science courses: one from CS 242, 243, 
or 244; three additional computer science courses numbered above 300 
including at least one numbered above 400; EN 216 and PSY 337. 

Concentration in Operations Research: Satisfying the major in mathematics 
but specifically including MA 37 1 , 372, OR 335, 336 and one computer 
science course numbered above 300. Students interested in an individualized 
major additionally should select courses from the following: MG 180, EC 
201, EN 216, PH 228, and PSY 337. 

Courses in Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics with Computers. A study of a 
variety of topics from mathematics and the use of the computer as a tool. 3 
credits. 

60 



102. Algebra and Trigonometry. An introduction to college algebra and 
trigonometry. 3 credits. 

Ill, 112. Analysis I, II. A rigorous calculus sequence for majors of the 
department. 5 credits per semester. 

150. Finite Mathematics. Introduction to finite mathematics with empha- 
sis on economic and business applications. 3 credits. 

160. Calculus for Business. Introduction to calculus with emphasis on 
concepts and techniques most applicable to business and economics. 3 credits. 

161, 162. Calculus I, II. A calculus sequence with emphasis on applica- 
tions. 3 credits per semester. 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive and inferential statis- 
tics. 3 credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis I, II. Prerequisite: MA 112.3 

credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, systems of equations, applica- 
tions. Prerequisite: MA 1 12. 3 credits. 

261. Calculus III. Continuation of Calculus I, II. Prerequisite: MA 162. 3 
credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order differential equations, 

partial differential equations. Prerequisite: MA 211 or 261. 3 credits. 

270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of MA 170. 3 credits. 

29 1 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, fields. Prerequisite: 

MA 222. 3 credits. 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic development of Absolute, Euclidean and 

non-Euclidean geometries. Prerequisite: MA 1 12. 3 credits. 

361, 362. Methods of Applied Mathematics I, II. Integral equations 

Fourier transforms, partial differential equations. Prerequisite:' MA 266. 3 

credits per semester. 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, probability law and 
distributions. Prerequisite: MA 211.3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. Generating functions, decision theory, tests 
of hypotheses. Prerequisite: MA 371. 3 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

411. Foundations of Mathematics. Rigorous development of set theory, 



61 



and the topology of real and complex number spaces. Prerequisite: MA 211. 
3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. Analytic functions Cauchy 
theorem, conformal mapping. Prerequisite: MA 411.3 credits. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. Issues of concern to the prospective second- 
ary school teacher. 1 credit. 

463, 464. Numerical Analysis I, II. Numerical integration, interpolation, 
differential equations, matrix methods. Includes material for part 3 Society of 
Actuaries, Casualty Actuarial Societies examination. Prerequisites: MA 266, 
CS 140. 3 credits per semester. 

490-498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. Problem solving techniques and other selected topics. 
Prerequisites: MA 211.1 credit. 

500. Independent Study. Independent study and research. Variable credit. 

Courses in Actuarial Science 

385. Theory of Interest. Study of material for the part 4 Society of Ac- 
tuaries, Casualty Actuarial Society, and Enrollment Actuaries examination. 
Prerequisite: MA 211.3 credits. 

386. Numerical Analysis for Actuaries. Study of material for the part 3 
Society of Actuaries and Casualty Actuarial Society examination. Prerequi- 
site: MA 21 1. 3 credits. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

481, 482. Life Contingencies I, II. Study of material for the part 4 Society 
of Actuaries, Casualty Actuarial Society and Enrollment Actuaries examina- 
tion. Prerequisite: MA 372. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Study of material for further Society of Actuaries 
or Casualty Actuarial Society examinations. Variable credit. 

Courses in Computer Science 

140. Computer Systems and Their Use. Introduction to the basic con- 
cepts and terminology of computer hardware, operating systems, and 
languages. 3 credits. 

170. Computers and Programming in BASIC-PLUS. Brief introduction to 
computers, basic systems functions and BASIC-PLUS. 3 credits. 

62 



240. Problem Solving with Pascal. Pascal in various versions; procedures, 
records, pointers, files. Prerequisite: CS140. 3 credits. 

242. Scientific Computing with FORTRAN. Number representation, 
multi-dimensional arrays, data manipulation, extensive computation. 
Prerequisite: CS 140, MA 102. 3 credits. 

243. Interactive Systems with BASIC-PLUS. Time-sharing systems, 
microcomputers and BASIC; arrays, strings, virtual arrays, random access 
files, elementary graphics. Prerequisite: CS 140. 3 credits. 

244. Business Computing with COBOL. Processing of data, the storing 
and manipulating of files; sorting, and merging of records. Prerequisite: CS 
140. 3 credits. 

341. Computer Architecture with MACRO. The organization of com- 
puters, the CPU, memory, disks, interfaces, interrupts, macros, device 
drivers. Prerequisite: CS 240. 3 credits. 

342. Data Structures. Discrete mathematical structures and their use in 
computer software. Stacks, lists, queues, hash tables, sorts, linked lists. 
Prerequisite: CS 240, MA 222. 3 credits. 

345. Business Computer Systems. An overview of computer hardware 
and software from micro- to main-frame. Batch processing, time sharing, 
word processing, spreadsheets. Data processing and communication. 
Management of and with computers. 3 credits. 

346. Data Algorithms. Methodology of data processing. Representation, 
storage, and retrieval of data. Methods to sort, merge, and match data. 
Sequential, random, indexed, and hash files. Prerequisite: one 200 level 
course. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. 1-15 credits 

441. Computer Languages and Compilers. Syntax and semantics of 
languages. Lexical analysis, parsing, and translation. Compiler design. 
Prerequisite: CS 342. 3 credits. 

442. Microcomputer Systems. The architecture of microcomputers. 
Programming in assembly language. Interfacing microcomputer components. 
The design of microcomputer operating systems. 3 credits. 

445. Database Management. The organization of files. Database structure 
and implementations. Integrity and security of data bases. Major DBM 
systems. Prerequisite: two 300 level courses. 3 credits. 

446. Computer Systems Analysis and Design. Principles of computer 
management. Design tools and techniques. Hardware, operating systems, 



63 



languages and their interrelations. Implementation and evaluation of com- 
puter systems. Prerequisite: CS 345 or OR 335 and two 300 level courses. 3 
credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Individual work on one of a large choice of mini 
and microcomputers, languages, software packages, and graphics. Variable 
credit. 

Courses in Operations Research 

335, 336. Operations Research I, II. Linear Programming, queuing theory, 
decision theory. Includes material for the part 3 Society of Actuaries and 
Casualty Actuarial Society examination. Prerequisites: MA 222, 37 1 . 3 credits. 

431. Systems and Simulation. General systems theory, hierarchies, 
simulation methods. Prerequisite: CS 242, OR 335. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Study of further topics in operations research. 
Variable credit. 

Music 

Students in the Department of Music may major in one of three areas: music 
performance, sacred music or music education. Each student, regardless of 
major, is required to take a core of courses in theory and music history. Each 
student also completes additional course work particular to his area of interest. 

Attendance at some faculty and student recitals is compulsory. All students 
in the department are required to take private instruction on campus in their 
principal performance medium (one-half hour of private instruction is 
included in the basic tuition). Students whose major applied instrument is 
organ are required also to study piano, continuing until they have attained a 
level of proficiency satisfactory to the organ faculty. Participation in music 
organizations is also required of all majors. 

The music performance major is designed for those students desiring a 
liberal arts context in their preparation for careers in applied music. All 
majors are required to take a weekly one hour lesson in the principal per- 
formance medium; they are also required to perform a half recital in the 
junior year and a full recital in the senior year. Majors whose performance 
medium is a band or orchestral instrument are required to study voice and 
piano as well. 

64 



The sacred music major prepares students for careers as directors of church 
music, ministers of music, or college teachers. The program is open to those 
individuals whose interests are voice or organ. All majors are required to 
acquire sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as a qualified parish church 
musician. Majors whose principal performance medium is organ are required 
to study voice for at least two years, one of which may be a year of class 
experience. Majors whose principal performance medium is voice are ex- 
pected to show sufficient keyboard proficiency upon admission to the 
program that after two additional years of piano study (normally by the end 
of the sophomore year) they may benefit from a year of organ study. 

The music education major, approved by the Pennsylvania Department of 
Education and the National Association of Schools of Music, is designed for 
the preparation of public school music teachers, kindergarten through 
twelfth grades, instrumental and vocal. The music education curriculum 
requires voice instruction (class or private) for a minimum of one year and 
piano instruction (class or private) for a minimum of two years. A competency 
jury must be passed in each area. Students participate in student teaching in 
area elementary and secondary schools. Each student is responsible for 
transportation arrangements to and from the teaching location. 
DEGREES: Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music in Sacred Music, Bachelor of 
Science with a major in music education. 

MAJORS: Core courses of all music majors are MU 115, 116, 117, 1 18, 215, 
217, 226, 246, 316, 341, 342, 530 or 540, or 550 for the B.M. Plus, all students 
may earn up to 12 credit hours for major ensemble participation. 
Music Education: Core courses plus MU 123, 124, 227, 231, 232, 328, 333, 
334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 345 or 347, 402 or 404, 416, 441, 607, and 609 for 
at least 66 credits. Students whose performance medium is piano are 
required to study 1 year of voice. Students whose performance medium is 
voice are required to complete 2 years of piano study. Students whose 
performance medium is band or orchestral instrument are required to com- 
plete 2 years of piano study and 1 year of voice study. All study includes 
class or private instruction. 

Orchestral and Band Instruments (B.M.): Core courses plus 224, 315, 329, 
400, 403, 123/124 or 231/232 or 227/328, 416, 462, 510 or 530, 520 or 530, 
plus ensembles for at least 81 credits. 

Piano (B.M. ): Core courses plus 224, 306, 315, 329, 347, 400, 406, 411, 416, 
462, 520 or 530, plus ensembles (4 credits) and accompanying (6 credits) for 
at least 80 credits. 
Sacred Music (B.M. ): Core courses plus MU 224, 315, 329, 347, 462. Organ 

65 



track; MU 132, 321, 322, 351, 352, 354, 421, 422, 520, 530 (voice and piano) 
for at least 81 credits. Voice track; MU 132, 321, 322, 326, 327, 351, 421, 
422, 530 (organ and piano) for at least 79 credits. 

Courses in Music 

1 15. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music and their notation. 
Harmonization of melodies and basses with fundamental triads. Analysis. 2 
credits. 

1 16. Harmony II. A study of inversions of triads, seventh chords, the 
principles of modulation and figured bass. Analysis of hymns and standard 
literature. 2 credits. 

1 17. Ear Training and Sight Singing I. The singing and aural recognition 
of intervals, scales, triads and simple harmonic progressions. 2 credits. 

1 18. Ear Training and Sight Singing II. A continuation of the above, 
emphasizing clef reading, modality, modulation and more complicated 
rhythmic devices and harmonic patterns. 2 credits. 

215. Harmony III. The writing and analysis of exercises and literature 
which include secondary dominant, diminished seventh chords and substi- 
tutes for diatonic harmony. Analysis and discussion of Twentieth Century 
compositional techniques. 2 credits. 

217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. An advanced ear training 
course using literature representing various stylistic periods and performance 
media as the basis for analysis, discussion and aural recognition. 2 credits. 

224. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three- 
and four-part work in all the species. Required for music and sacred music 
majors. 2 credits. 

226. Form and Analysis I. A study through analysis and listening of 
simple and compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and 
sonata forms. Emphasis is placed primarily upon structural content. The 
course provides experience and skill in both aural and visual analysis. 2 credits. 

315. Harmony IV. Elementary Composition. Exposure to the composition 
of various forms, including theme and variation, rondo, song and dance 
forms; exploration of Twentieth Century compositional techniques. Required 
for music and sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

316. Keyboard Harmony. Score reading and the realization of figured 
bass at the keyboard, transposition, and improvisation. The successful 
completion of a piano jury is required for admission to the course. 2 credits. 

66 



329. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis and listening of fugal 
forms, suite, complex sonata forms and techniques for analysis of certain 
contemporary styles of music. 2 credits. 

416. Orchestration. A study of instrumentation and the devices and 
techniques for scoring transcriptions, arrangements and solos for orchestra 
and band, with special emphasis on practical scoring for mixed ensembles as 
they occur in public schools. Laboratory analysis and performance. Scoring 
of original works. 2 credits. 

Materials and Methods 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elemen- 
tary education majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including 
the playing of instruments, singing, notation, listening, movement, and 
creative application. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in Music Education. Supervised field experiences in 
appropriate settings. Required pass/fail. Prerequisites: ED 1 10 and permis- 
sion. 1 - 3 credits. 

326. Vocal Literature. A survey of solo vocal literature, with emphasis on 
teaching repertoire. Extensive listening is required. Students may have 
opportunities to perform works studied. 2 credits. 

327. Vocal Pedagogy. This course is designed to prepare the advanced 
voice student to teach private lessons at the secondary school level. Stu- 
dents in the class are expected to develop vocal exercise procedures, 
become familiar with suitable teaching repertoire and apply teaching proce- 
dures in a laboratory situation. Selected writings in vocal pedagogy and 
voice therapy will be studied. 2 credits. 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. A compre- 
hensive study of general music teaching at the elementary school level, the 
philosophy of music education, varied approaches for developing conceptual 
learning and music skills, creative applications, and analysis of materials. 3 
credits. 

334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Junior High/Middle 
School. A study of materials and approaches appropriate for general music 
classes in the junior high/middle school, including adolescent voices, 
musically-oriented learning experiences, and planning a general music cur- 
riculum. 3 credits. 

335. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Fourth, Fifth and Sixth 
Grades. A study of methods and materials used in teaching band and 



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orchestral instruments to children in these grades, with emphasis on a 
sound rhythmic approach. Both individual and class techniques are studied. 
2 credits. 

336. Methods and Materials, Instrumental: Junior and Senior High 
School. A study of intermediate and advanced instrumental teaching tech- 
niques, methods of organizing and directing school orchestras and bands, 
fundamentals of musicianship. 2 credits. 

400. Chamber Music. Under the guidance of an instructor, the student 
studies and performs chamber works appropriate to his performance me- 
dium. Prepared works may be presented in recital. 1 -2 credits. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Problems. A study of problems 
confronting the director of school orchestras, bands and instrumental 
classes including: organization and management, selection of beginners, 
rehearsal scheduling, budgeting, marching band drills, evaluation of mate- 
rials, and organization of festivals, contests and public performances. 2 credits. 

403. Pedagogy. Orchestral and Band Instruments. A survey of literature 
and teaching materials which relate to the student's performance area. 
Students may be expected to apply teaching procedures in a laboratory 
situation. 2 credits. 

404. Music Education Seminar, Secondary Level. A study of the high 
school vocal music curriculum and related course offerings. 2 credits. 

406. Piano Pedagogy. A practical course which explores fundamental 
principles necessary to be an effective piano teacher. Subjects include 
practice techniques, memorization and the selection of appropriate technical 
materials for both beginners and advanced students. Laboratory teaching 
may be required of the student. 2 credits. 

411. Piano Ensemble. A course designed to acquaint the students with 
problems related to piano ensemble performance. Practical experience will 
be gained through study and performance of appropriate literature. 2 credits. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. A course designed to 
acquaint the student with the total church music program. Topics include 
the development of a choir program, methods and techniques of rehearsal, 
budget preparation, and committee and pastoral relationships. Required for 
sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

441. Student Teaching. Music education majors spend a semester in the 
music department of an area school district under the supervision of cooper- 
ating teachers. Prerequisites: (1) a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 

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during the first six semesters in college; (2) successful completion of piano 
and voice juries; (3) completion of Music 333, 334, 335, 336 including field 
experiences; (4) approval of the music faculty. 1 2 credits. 

600. Accompanying. Under the guidance of a piano instructor the piano 
major prepares accompaniments for recital performance. One credit per 
semester is given for one solo recital and two half recitals. A maximum of six 
credits, usually distributed over the last three years, may be earned. 

Instrumental Courses 

Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Practical courses in 
which students, in addition to being taught the fundamental principles 
underlying the playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to play 
on instruments of each group: string, woodwind, brass, and percussion. 
Problems of class procedure in public schools are discussed; transposition of 
all instruments is taught. Ensemble playing is an integral part of these 
courses. Bibliographical materials are surveyed. 

Brass Instruments (trumpet, horn, trombone, baritone, tuba) 

123. Brass I. A study of two of the above instruments. 1 credit. 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 1 credit. 
Percussion Instruments (snare drum, timpani, bass drum, and others) 

227. Percussion I. A study of the snare drum. x h credit. 

328. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. x h 
credit. 

Woodwind Instruments (clarinet, flute, oboe, saxophone, bassoon) 

231. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet. 1 credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 1 
credit. 

String Instruments (violin, viola, cello, string bass) 

337. String I. A study of all the above instruments. 1 credit. 

338. String II. A continuation of the study of all of the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

Music Organizations 

Opportunities for individual performance in a group experience are provided 
by music organizations. Membership in the organizations is open on an 
audition basis to all students of the College. 



69 



601. Symphonic and Marching Band. The symphonic band performs 
original literature as well as arrangements of standard repertoire. During the 
football season it presents half-time performances. Membership is by 
audition and is dependent upon the instrumentation needs of the organiza- 
tion. 1 credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. A wide variety of symphonic literature is 
studied and performed. In the second semester the orchestra accompanies 
soloists in a concerto-aria concert and on occasion combines with choral 
organizations for the performance of a major work. 1 credit. 

604. Concert Choir. The Concert Choir is composed of approximately fifty 
voices, selected by audition. All phases of choral literature are studied 
intensively. In addition to local concerts, the choir tours annually. 1 credit. 

605. College Chorus. The College Chorus offers the opportunity to study 
and perform literature of various styles and composers including major 
choral works. Choral experience is preferred but not required. Required for 
sacred music majors. x h credit. 

606. Chapel Singers. Composed of approximately twenty voices. The 
singers provide leadership during selected Chapel Convocation programs 
and present concerts for local cnurches and civic organizations. x h credit. 

607. Beginning Ensemble I. A training band in which students play 
secondary instruments and become acquainted with elementary band litera- 
ture. Opportunity is given for advanced conducting students to gain con- 
ducting experience. No credit. 

608. Wind Ensemble. The Wind Ensemble provides an opportunity for 
advanced players of wind and percussion instruments to play the repertoire 
for this medium. In addition, standard classical works for wind and/or 
percussion instruments are played. Members are chosen by audition. x k credit. 

609. Beginning Ensemble II. A training orchestra in which students play 
secondary instruments and become acquainted with elementary orchestral 
literature. Opportunity is given for advanced conducting students to gain 
experience in conducting. No credit. 

Instrumental Small Ensembles. Open to the advanced player on an 
audition basis. 

611. String trio. x h credit. 

612. String Quartet. x h credit. 

613. Clarinet Choir. x h credit. 

614. Woodwind Quintet. x h credit. 

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615. Brass Ensemble. x /i credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. x h credit. 

617. Saxophone Trio. x h credit. 

618. Saxophone Quartet. x k credit. 

619. Saxophone Quintet. x h credit. 

620. Saxophone Ensemble. x h credit. 

621. Flute Ensemble. x h credit. 

622. Horn Ensemble. x /i credit. 

623. String Ensemble. x h credit. 

624. Woodwind Trio/Quartet. x h credit. 

The History and Appreciation of Music 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. For the non-music major, a 
survey of Western music from ancient to modern times. The course is 
designed to increase the individual's musical perception. May not be taken if 
the student has completed MU 341 and/or 342. 3 credits. 

306. History and Literature of the Piano. A survey of the development of 
the piano and its literature, with emphasis on piano methods books and 
related materials. Required for piano students majoring in music; open to 
other students at the discretion of the instructor. 2 credits. 

321. Hymnology. A study of the historical development of hymns and 
hymn singing, as well as an in-depth analysis of the current hymnodical 
practices of the Christian churches. Required for sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar. A study of standard oratorios, 
requiems, cantatas and anthems, with emphasis upon the development of 
aesthetic judgment in selecting literature for various liturgical settings. 
Required for sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

341/342. History and Literature of Music I, II. A survey course in the 
history of Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and 
illustrative musical examples. The first semester ends with Bach; the second 
semester covers Handel to the present. May not be taken if student has 
completed MU 100. 3 credits per semester. 

351 , 352, 353, 354. Organ Seminar I, II, III, IV. Four semesters of study, 
preferably in sequence, based upon the investigation of the following: 
351 -Organ Design and Tonal Evolution; 352-Organ History and Literature. 
(Early times through the mid-Baroque); 353-Organ History and Literature. (An 



71 



investigation of organ literature from the time of J.S. Bach to the present); 
354-Church Service Playing. Required for organ students majoring in music 
and sacred music; open to other students with the approval of the instructor. 
2 credits per semester. 

421. Liturgy. A study of the music and its form as related to the historical 
development of the current practice of the service of the Christian churches. 
Required for sacred music majors. 2 credits. 

462. Music Literature Seminar. A study of music literature to extend the 
student's familiarity with selected works. Application of accumulated knowl- 
edge of theory, music history, form, and twentieth-century music. Each 
student pursues an individual project of particular interest. Required for 
music majors. 2 credits. 

Conducting 

246. Principles of Conducting. The principles of conducting and baton 
technique. Students conduct ensembles derived from class personnel. 2 
credits. 

345. Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical work with instru- 
mental groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual experi- 
ence. 2 credits. 

347. Choral Conducting. Basic conducting techniques applied to the 
choral idiom. Rehearsal procedures, materials and specific problems of the 
choral conductor are stressed through laboratory experience. 2 credits. 

Applied Music Instruction 

132. Diction for Singers. An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's 
English, German, French, Italian, and Latin, utilizing the International 
Phonetic Alphabet. Required for sacred music majors and for voice students 
majoring in music; open to other students with approval of the instructor. 1 
credit. 

510. Class Piano Instruction. 1 credit 

520. Class Voice Instruction. 1 credit. 

530. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestra and Band 
Instruments). Piano study (private or class) is required for a minimum of 
two years. 1 credit. 

540. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestra and Band 
Instruments). A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction. 2 
credits. 

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550. Individual Instruction. Private instruction for Bachelor of Music 
majors. A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction. 3 credits. 

Departmental Honors and Independent Study 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for the student who desires 
to engage in independent study, either with or without departmental 
honors. 1 - 3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9) 

The Student Recitals 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all students in acquainting 
them with a wide range of the best musical literature, in developing musical 
taste and discrimination, in affording the experience of appearing before an 
audience, and in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve control and stage 
demeanor. Students at all levels of performance appear in these student re- 
citals. 



Philosophy 

The study of philosophy directly involves the student in the process of 
sharpening critical and analytical abilities. In all classes emphasis is placed 
upon the writing of critical and analytical essays dealing with various aspects 
of philosophical thought as it pertains to the questions and issues of knowl- 
edge, human values and conduct, history, politics, religion, science, society, 
and the nature of human beings. 

The study of philosophy may prepare the student for postgraduate activities 
such as legal studies, business, or theological and seminary training. 

A double major is easily arranged and will aid in insuring a broader program 
of study in liberal learning. 

DEGREE: B.A. degree with a major in philosophy. 

MAJOR: PH 120 plus an additional 21 hours of philosophy courses for a total 
of 24 hours. 

Courses in Philosophy 

1 10. Problems of Philosophy. Examination of major philosophical issues 
and the ways major philosophers have dealt with them. 3 credits. 



73 



120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective 
thinking. Attention is given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid infer- 
ence, and the logic of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is upon deductive 
logic, and students are introduced to the elements of symbolic logic as well 
as to traditional modes of analysis. 3 credits. 

191 - 198. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

220. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of ethics, with an exami- 
nation of the responses of major ethical theories to those problems. 3 credits. 

230. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues raised for philosophy 
by contemporary religious and theological thought. The course includes 
critical examinations of such problems as faith and reason; the meaning of 
revelation, symbolism, and language; the arguments for the existence of 
God; faith and history; religion and culture. 3 credits. 

240. American Philosophy. A survey of philosophical thought in the 
United States from the colonial period to the present, with emphasis on the 
work of Peirce, lames, and Dewey. 3 credits. 

291 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

323. Ancient Philosophy. A study of the evolution of philosophy from the 

pre-Socratic nature philosophers to the Hellenistic philosophers of the 
fourth century, with emphasis on Plato and Aristotle. Prerequisite: PH 110, 
or permission. 3 credits. 

326. Medieval Philosophy. The history of philosophy from the decline of 
the Hellenistic Age to the Renaissance, with emphasis on the schoolmen of 
the late Middle Ages. Prerequisite: PH 110, or permission. 3 credits. 

333. Modern Philosophy. The development of philosophy from the 
Renaissance to the Nineteenth Century, with emphasis on Hume and Kant. 
Prerequisite: PH 110, or permission. 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examination of the foremost 
American, British, and Continental philosophers from 1900 to the present. 
Prerequisite: PH 1 10 or permission. 3 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: permission. 1 -3 credits per semes- 
ter (maximum of 9). 



74 



Physical Education 

Although the College does not offer a major in physical education, two 
courses are required for graduation. The program encourages attitudes and 
habits of good health, while developing physical capacities and skills that 
will enrich life. 

Courses in Physical Education. 

102. Aerobic Dance. A combination of exercise and dance steps in 
rhythmic movements. The course promotes the value of a total fitness 
program, including diet and weight control and heart rate monitoring. 1 credit. 

107. Badminton. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and rules of bad- 
minton. 1 credit. 

1 10. Basketball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and strategies of 

the game. 1 credit. 

1 13. Bowling. Instruction in the techniques, etiquette, history and method 
of scoring. 1 credit. 

122. Fitness. Examination of varied programs for fitness, with emphasis on 
diet and weight control, cardiovascular efficiency, strength improvement, 
and flexibility training. 1 credit. 

125. Golf. Instruction in the techniques, tactics, rules and etiquette of golf. 
1 credit. 

131. Racquetball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and different 
forms of competition used in racquetball. 1 credit. 

140. Softball. Instruction in the techniques and tactics of softball. 1 credit. 

146. Tennis. Instruction in the techniques, rules and tactics, with extensive 
practice in singles and doubles. 1 credit. 

152. Volleyball. Instruction in the techniques, tactics and varied forms of 
competition. 1 credit. 



Physics 

The Department of Physics attempts to develop in the student an increased 
understanding of the basic laws of nature as they relate to the physical 
environment and to indicate the possible extent, as well as the limitations, 



75 



of our knowledge of the physical world. As the natural science dealing with 
forces, motion, energy, heat, sound, light, electromagnetism, electronics, 
atomic structure, and the structure and interaction of all matter, physics 
underlies work in all other natural sciences as well as such applied sciences 
as engineering. 

The department offers comprehensive introductory courses for students 
majoring in any of the natural sciences. Laboratory work is an integral part 
of many physics courses and is designed to acquaint the student with the 
experimental techniques and the measuring instruments appropriate to the 
various areas of investigation. 

DEGREE: B.S. degree with a major in physics. 

MAJOR: PHY 111,112,211,311,312,321,322, plus six additional semester 
hours (at least two in experimental physics), for a total of 30 hours. Also 
required are MA 161, 162, 261 , and 266 or MA 111, 112, 211 and 266. 



Engineering (Cooperative) 

In the cooperative 3-2 engineering program a student may earn a B.S. 
degree from Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of 
engineering from the University of Pennsylvania (or at another cooperating 
institution). Students who pursue this cooperative engineering program take 
three years of work at Lebanon Valley College and then, if recommended by 
the College and accepted by the engineering school, they may take two 
additional years of work in engineering. After the satisfactory completion of 
the fourth year of the program, the student receives from Lebanon Valley 
College the B.S. degree with a major in one of the areas of science or 
mathematics. At the completion of the fifth year, the student is granted the 
appropriate engineering degree from the engineering school. 

Requirements: Required courses at Lebanon Valley College in the 3-2 
program include MA 161, 162, 261, and 266; PHY 111, 1 1 2, and 21 1 ; CH 111 
and 1 13; CS 140 and 242; and eleven selected courses in humanities and 
social sciences. 

Additional courses in physics, mathematics, chemistry and biology appropri- 
ate for the particular area of engineering are elected in planning the total 
program to meet the particular needs of the individual student. For mechani- 
cal, civil, and electrical engineering, PHY 311, 312, 321 and 322 are among 
the needed courses. 

76 



At the University of Pennsylvania the student may select from among many 
different engineering fields: bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil and 
urban engineering, computer science and engineering, electrical engineering 
and science, mechanical engineering and applied mechanics, metallurgy and 
materials science, and systems science and engineering. These and other 
engineering curricula are available at other engineering schools where the 
student may complete the final two years of the 3-2 program. 

Some students decide to complete a four-year program at Lebanon Valley 
College, earning their baccalaureate degree with a major in physics, chemis- 
try, or mathematics and then moving into a graduate program in the engi- 
neering school at a university which leads to a Master of Science degree in a 
field of engineering. 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course designed to acquaint the student 
with some of the important concepts of physics, both classical and modern, 
and with the scientific method, its nature and its limitations. The role of 
physics in the history of thought and its relationships to other disciplines 
and to society and government are considered. The weekly two-hour labora- 
tory period provides experience in the acquisition, representation, and 
analysis of experimental data, and demonstration of the physical phenomena 
with which the course deals. 4 credits. 

103, 104. General College Physics I, II. An introduction to the funda- 
mental concepts and laws of the various branches of physics, including 
mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and nu- 
clear structure, with laboratory work in each area. 4 credits per semester. 

1 10. The Physics of Music. A study of wave motion, analysis and synthesis 
of waves, resonance, physical characteristrics of music sounds, musical 
instruments, the reproduction and amplification of sound, and the acoustical 
properties of rooms. A working knowledge of algebra .and trigonometry is 
required. 3 credits. 

111, 112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introductory course in classical 
physics, designed for students who desire a more rigorous mathematical 
approach to college physics than is given in Physics 103, 104. Calculus is 
used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and heat, and 
the second semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with laboratory 
work in each area. This course should be followed by Physics 211. Prerequi- 
site or corequisite: MA 111 or 161.4 credits per semester. 



77 



1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. An introduction to modern physics, 
including the foundation of atomic physics, quantum theory of radiation, the 
atomic nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with laboratory work in 
each area. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 1 12. 4 credits. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of electrons and electronic 
devices, including diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, 
switching circuits, and integrated circuits, with laboratory work in each area. 
Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

311, 312. Analytical Mechanics I, II. A rigorous study of classical me- 
chanics, including the motion of a single particle, the motion of a system of 
particles, and the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic 
motion, the central force problem, the Euler description of rigid body 
motion, and the Lagrange generalization of Newtonian mechanics are among 
the topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 1 1 1 and MA 266. 3 credits per semester. 

321 , 322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. Theory of the basic phenomena 
of electromagnetism, together with the application of fundamental principles 
to the solving of problems. The electric and magnetic properties of matter, 
direct current circuits, alternating current circuits, the Maxwell field equa- 
tions, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the topics 
treated. Prerequisites: PHY 1 12 and MA 266. 3 credits per semester. 

327, 328. Experimental Physics I, II. Experimental work selected from the 
area of mechanics, A.C. and D.C. electrical measurements, optics, atomic 
physics, or nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental design, measur- 
ing techniques, and analysis of data. Prerequisite: PHY 211.1 credit per 
semester. 

391 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

400. Internship. 1-15 credits 

421, 422. Modern Physics I, II. A study of selected topics in modern 
physics, utilizing the methods of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger 
equation is solved for such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, the 
linear oscillator, and the hydrogen atom. Perturbation techniques and the 
operator formalism of quantum mechanics are introduced where appropriate. 
Prerequisites: PHY 21 1 and MA 266, or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. A course designed 
to acquaint the student with some of the special methods, programs, and 

78 



problems in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. Required for 
secondary certification in physics. 1 credit. 

490-498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. 1 -3 credits 



Psychology 

Psychology has as its objectives the understanding of people and the 
fostering of their well-being. The study of psychology, therefore, may be an 
important part of a liberal education as well as preparation for varied ca- 
reers. Upon graduation, some psychology majors pursue graduate study in 
clinical, experimental, or industrial psychology programs; others obtain 
professional degrees in social work, medicine, business, education, and the 
ministry; still others hold responsible positions that make use of their 
training in industry, government, hospitals, and community agencies. 

To assist students in selecting a program that fits their individual career 
goals, the department has identified seven concentrations: clinical, counsel- 
ing or school psychology, experimental psychology, human development, 
industrial/organizational psychology, social psychology, psycho-biology, and 
general psychology. 

Students are also encouraged to pursue individual studies, which may 
involve an experiment in the laboratory, the use of library sources, or obser- 
vation in a school, agency, or other setting. Internships are available. 

DEGREE: B.A. degree with a major in psychology. 

MAJOR: Psychology 1 00, 1 20, 236, 343, and 443; three or four additional 
courses in psychology are required, with different courses designated for dif- 
ferent concentrations. The general concentration requires a minimum of 24 
credits; all others require 27. Students with particular career goals or special 
academic programs may request departmental approval to adjust major 
requirements to individual needs. 

Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. An introduction to psy- 
chology as a social science. The emphasis is on the interactions of the 
individual and society which influence development, learning, motivation, 
sexuality, and identity, as well as social and emotional adjustment. 3 credits. 



79 



120. Psychology: By Experiment. An introduction to psychology as a 
behavioral science, with an emphasis upon laboratory research with normal 
persons. The course presents selected experiments to define concepts, 
illustrate principles, and specify research methods. Topics may include learn- 
ing, perception, thinking, memory, and social behavior, as well as research 
tactics. 3 credits. 

191 - 198. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behav- 
ioral research, with descriptive and inferential statistics used in experiments 
and correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 1 00 or 1 20. 3 credits. 

220. Educational Psychology. Studies of cognitive, behavioral, emotional 
and social processes in the school; required for certification in elementary 
and music education. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

235. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. Psychological investigations of 
visual, auditory, and other sensory systems; the perception of color, space, 
pictures, and objects. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

236. Learning and Memory. A study of classical and instrumental condi- 
tioning, skills acquisition, information retention and loss, and the learning of 
concepts. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

237. Laboratory Investigations I: Sensory and Perceptual Processes. A 
series of experiments and demonstrations on vision, hearing, propriocep- 
tion, and the skin senses. Topics are coordinated with those in PSY 235. 
Corequisite or prerequisite: PSY 235 or permission. 

238. Laboratory Investigations II: Learning. An experimental study of 
learning, including operant conditioning. Corequisite or prerequisite: PSY 
236. 1 credit. 

291 - 298. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

321. Psychology of Child Development. A study of the cognitive, social 
and emotional changes during childhood, as well as the psychological effects 
of physical growth. Special attention is given to research studies, develop- 
mental mechanisms and theories of development. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 
120. 3 credits. 

322. Psychology of Adolescent Development. A study of the characteris- 
tics of adolescence as well as the research literature and theories concerned 
with psychological change during adolescence. Topics may include psycho- 
logical development, social influences, cognitive and intellectual develop- 
ment, emotional development, identity and self-concept, sexual develop- 
ment, values, transition to adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

80 



326. Psychology of Adult Development. A study of research literature 
and theories concerned with psychological change in the adult, from late ad- 
olescence to death. The course includes the works of such theorists as 
Maslow and Erikson. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. A review of the principal 
tests of ability and personality and an introduction to the principles of 
measurement, methods of test construction, and applications and interpre- 
tations of psychological tests. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. An evaluation of published studies 
and an analysis of the design and execution of laboratory experiments and 
field studies. Factorial designs, multivariate techniques, and non-parametric 
statistics are analyzed in clinical, educational, organizational, and laboratory 
settings. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120, 216 or permission. 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. A study of psychological principles as 
applied to problems of organizational behavior, with emphasis on personnel 
selection, human engineering, group dynamics, systems design, training, 
leadership, and evaluation. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

343. Personality. A study of the major theories of personality, with 
emphasis on psychoanalysis and ego psychology, humanism and existential 
phenomenology, social learning, and trait theory. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 
1 20: junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. A study of the inter- and intra-personal relation- 
ships between individuals and groups, with emphasis on theories and 
research studies. The topics covered may include attitude development and 
change, conformity, persuasion, person perception, attribution, attraction, 
norms, and small groups. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120: junior or senior 
standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

348. Investigations of Social Psychological Processes. Studies of social 
psychological processes which are associated with topics included in PSY 
346. Laboratory exercises and demonstrations, as well as independent and 
group research projects, are included: students will design studies, collect 
and analyze data, and write research reports. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 
PSY 216 highly recommended. Corequisite: PSY 346. 1 credit. 

391 -398 Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. An applied academic program combining work in commu- 
nity mental health and related organizational settings, hospitals and 
schools, with discussions, guided reading, and systematized observations. 



81 



Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 1 20, junior or senior standing, permission of 
department and agency involved. 1 -9 credits per semester (15 maximum). 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. A study of mental, emotional 
and behavioral problems, including alcohol and drug abuse, brain disorders, 
criminal and psychopathic behavior, neuroses, psychophysiological reac- 
tions, psychoses, sexual deviations, subnormal intelligence, and suicide. Pre- 
requisites: PSY 100 or 1 20; junior or senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. A study of the ways psycholo- 
gists assist persons and groups. Particular attention is given to assessment, 
individual and group therapy, marriage and family counseling, and commu- 
nity psychology. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; PSY 431 or nursing training 
with psychiatric affiliation, or permission. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. A study of philosophical concepts and problems 
of relevance for psychology; of early schools of psychology; of theories of 
learning and personality; and of trends of investigation in different areas, in- 
cluding developmental, social, abnormal, and cognitive psychology. Prereq- 
uisites: PSY 100, 120, 236; junior or senior standing; or permission. 3 credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of the relationship between 
biological processes and behavioral events in learning, thinking, feeling, 
perceiving, and striving, including neural and hormonal bases for learning, 
memory, and personality. .The laboratory includes brain dissections and 
biofeedback. Findings in biofeedback, sexuality, sleep and behavior disorders 
are examined. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; one additional 
psychology course and permission. 1 -6 credits per semester (maximum of 9 
credits). 



Religion 

The program of the Department of Religion is designed to give students 
insight into the meaning of religion. Coursework introduces students to var- 
ious historical and contemporary expressions of the (udaeo-Christian 
heritage as well as to the diverse religious traditions of mankind. In general, 
students major in religion to ready themselves for theological seminary, for 
careers in Christian education, or to acquire the theological maturity which, 

82 



in combination with another major, will enable them to function as lay 
ministers in their chosen profession. 

DEGREES: B.A. degree with a major in religion. B.A. degree with a major in 
religion, concentration in Christian education. 

MAJORS: Religion: RE 1 1 0, 1 1 1 , 1 1 2, 222, 33 1 , 404, one course from among 
202, 211,212, and electives (including GK 32 1 , 43 1 ). The following courses, 
though recommended, are not required for a major in religion: BI 101; GK 
101/102, 111/112; HI 111/112; PH 110, 231; PSY 100; SOC 110, 231. 
Christian Education: RE 1 10, 1 1 1 , 1 1 2, 1 20, 21 1 , 202 or 212, 222, 311, 312, 
331, 400 (minimum of 3 hours), 402; ED 1 10, 270; EN 218; PH 1 10; PSY 100, 
220, 321; SOC 110, 232, 242. Recommended courses: ART 110, ED 220, 260, 
346, 423; EN 227/228, 250-299, 344; Foreign Language course work; MU 
100, 321, 421; PH 231; PSY 337, 343, 346; RE 140; SOC 21 1, 302, 322. 

Courses in Religion 

1 10. Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the many dimensions of 
religion as a central human experience through an examination of such 
topics as: varieties of religious experience and expression, religious knowl- 
edge, the self and meaning, religion in its sociocultural context, religion and 
the natural order, and universal issues such as death, the End, evil, suffering, 
and the moral order. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Religion. An examination of some of the 
basic themes of biblical religion in relation to their historical context and 
their contemporary implications. 3 credits. 

1 12. Introduction to Christianity. A systematic inquiry into the areas of 
religious language, religious knowledge, and the doctrines of God, man, 
Christ, and the Church. 3 credits. 

120. Religion in America. A study of contemporary Judaism, Roman 
Catholicism, and Protestantism in the United States, including a brief 
historical background of each. Some attention is given to the various reli- 
gious sects and cults. 3 credits. 

140. World Religions. An examination of the rise and development of 
religion along with a study of the ideas and cultic and ethical practices of the 
great world faiths. Special attention given to Asian religions. 3 credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

202. The Prophets. A study of the lives and writings of the Old Testament 
prophets and an analysis of their contributions to Hebrew-Christian religious 
thought. 3 credits. 



83 



206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An examination of archaeol- 
ogy in biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and contributions to the areas 
of history, culture, and religion. 3 credits. 

21 1. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive study of the life and 

message of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, writings, and theological 
thought of Paul and their relationship to the practices, problems, and beliefs 
of the early Church. 3 credits. 

222. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the implications of the 
Christian faith, both for personal moral decision and for social policy in such 
areas as marriage and family, government and political life, work and the 
economic order. Prerequisite: RE 1 1 1 or 1 12. 3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected 
American denominations and sects and of the theological implications of 
secular folklore. Emphasis will be placed on field work as well as on analysis. 
3 credits. 

241 . Principles of Christian Education. A study of the history and 
theology of Christian education, catechetical principles, growth in religious 
experience, issues in religious psychology, and the relationship of Christian 
education to higher education, the public school, and the home. 3 credits. 

242. Methods of Christian Education. An examination of basic methodo- 
logical competencies in Christian education, including curriculum develop- 
ment, church school organization, teacher training and development, 
administration and management, evaluation methods, worship in the church 
school, use of the Bible, and audio-visual resources. 3 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

331. Christian Tradition and Reform. A study of the major and continuing 
strains in the history of Christianity and the principal reform movements. 
Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological 
students. 3 credits. 

332. Theological Issues in Contemporary Secular Authors. Identifica- 
tion, analysis, and interpretation of issues of special theological import 
raised by thinkers representing non-theological disciplines. Prerequisite: RE 
1 1 2 or permission. 3 credits. 

39 1 - 398. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits 

400. Internship. An extension and application of knowledge through a 

84 



supervised experience in an appropriate church school, agency, or organiza- 
tion. 1 -6 credits. 

402. Seminar: Selected Problems in Christian Education. A critical 
analysis of selected themes and issues in contemporary Christian education. 
3 credits. 

403. Classical Christian Thinkers. An intensive study of the thought of 
such classical religious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and others. 3 
credits. 

404. Seminar: Selected Religious Problems. A study of selected prob- 
lems arising from recent theological efforts. Research methodology is 
stressed. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theologi- 
cal students; others by permission. Prerequisite RE 1 1 1 and 112.3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Request guidelines from advisor. 1 - 3 credits per 
semester, (maximum of 9). 

Sociology and Social Service 

Students major in sociology to benefit from a richer understanding of social 
processes and experience, and to apply that understanding both to contem- 
porary issues and to the development of their personal identity. Graduates 
in sociology are qualified to attend graduate school in basic or such applied 
social science areas as urban planning and organizational behavior, or to 
assume positions in government or industry in which knowledge of human 
behavior is valuable. 

The major in social service is designed to enable those who are motivated to 
care for the needs of others to pursue their interests in a variety of profes- 
sional social work settings. Concentrations available in the department 
include those in criminal justice, family intervention, gerontology, and than- 
atology. 

DEGREES: B.A. degree with a major in sociology, B.S. degree with a major in 
social service. 

MAJORS: Sociology majors must take SO 1 1 0, 3 1 1 , 42 1 , and 499; plus 1 5 
additional hours in sociology. 

Social Service majors must take SOC 1 10 and 31 1; SSV 262, 331, 341 or 342, 
442, and 9 credit hours of SV 400 Internship; plus 4 additional courses in 
sociology or social service. 



85 



Courses in Sociology 

1 10. Introduction To Sociology. Survey of the major perspectives, 
methods and topics of sociology, including the nature of Society, groups 
and institutions, socialization, social control and deviance, social change, 
and the impact of society on individuals. 3 credits. 

122. Social Problems. Selected problems of contemporary life as seen 
through different analytical perspectives. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or 
HC 202. 3 credits. 

1 9 1 - 1 98. Special Topics. 1 - 6 Credits 

21 1. Urbanology. An analysis of the city as a unique form of social 
organization. From a multi-disciplinary perspective, the course presents the 
nature of urbanization and the impact of urbanism on contemporary society. 
Prerequisite: SO 110, GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

230. Sociology of Marriage and the Family. An overview of marriage 
and the family as institutions. The interpersonal dynamics of marriage and 
family life are studied from sociological, historical, and cross-cultural per- 
spectives. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

251. Introduction To Anthropology. A survey of the topics and methods 
of anthropology with emphasis on the interaction of physical, economic and 
cultural factors in the development of people and their behavior. 3 credits. 

261. Gerontology. An investigation of the ways in which individuals, 
families and communities respond to aging and the aged. Prerequisite: SO 
110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

273. Criminology. An examination of the nature, causes, and correlates of 
criminal behavior. Prerequisite: SO 1 10, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

275. Criminal Justice. A sociological, historical, and philosophical exami- 
nation of punishment and the criminal justice system. Prerequisite: SO 110, 
or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. An empirical and theoretical examination of 

juvenile delinquency, the juvenile justice system and treatment programs for 
the juvenile offender. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

282. Social Inequality. An examination of the patterns of structured 
inequality in American society, including the class system and racial and 
ethnic groups. Consideration will be given to basic social processes, unique 
historical contexts, and emergent contemporary developments. Prerequisite: 
SO 1 10, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

86 



311. Research Methods. A study of the basic skills needed to criticize and 
carry out social science research. Prerequisite: SO 110, junior standing, or 
permission. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structure and functions of religious 
organizations and phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious 
expresssion in America. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

351. Thanatology. Exploration of the basic legal, medical, ethical and 
social issues related to the contemporary understanding of death and dying. 
Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. Prerequisite: 18 hours in sociology and permission. 1-15 
credits. 

421. Social Theory. An intensive examination of the major sociological 
theorists and movements. Prerequisite: 12 credits in sociology. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

499. Seminar. A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in contem- 
porary sociology. Prerequisite: SO 421. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: 18 hours in sociology, a 2.5 cumu- 
lative grade point average, and a contract with the instructor prior to regis- 
tration for the course. 1 - 3 credits per semester. Maximum of 9. 

Courses in Social Service 

191 - 198. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare policies and 
institutions. Prerequisite: SO 110.3 credits. 

291 -298. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

331. Social Service Theory. Consideration of the theories which underlie 
social service intervention at the individual, familial, group, community, and 
societal level. Prerequisite: SV 262. 3 credits. 

341. Social Work Practice: Direct Methods. An examination of the 
knowledge, attitudes, and skills required for professional social work practice, 
emphasizing the methods of social casework, social group work, and family 
therapy. Prerequisite: SV 331. 3 credits. 

342. Social Work Practice: Indirect Methods. An examination of the 
knowledge, attitudes, and skills required for professional social work practice, 
emphasizing the methods of community organization, social action, and 
social planning. Prerequisite: SV 331. 3 credits. 



87 



345. Family Therapy. The theory and practice of family therapy, focusing 
on the work of prominent family therapists such as Satir, Minuchin, Haley, 
and others. Prerequisite: SO 230 and SV 341, or permission. 3 credits. 

391 -398. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

400. Internship. A supervised field placement in a public or private social 
service agency or program. Prerequisites: SV 341 or 342, 40 hours of volun- 
teer work, and permission. 1-15 credits. 

442. Seminar. Detailed study of a selected social work area. Prerequisite: 
SV 341 or 342. 3 credits. 

491 -498. Special Topics. 1 -6 credits 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: SV 341 or 342, a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.5, and a contract with the instructor prior to registration 
for the course. 1 - 3 credits (maximum of 9). 






88 



DIRECTORY 



The Board of Trustees 

Officers 

F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, JR., President 
GERALD D. KAUFFMAN, First Vice President 
ELAINE G. HACKMAN, Second Vice President 
E. D. WILLIAMS, JR., Secretary 
E. PETER STRICKLER, Treasurer 
HARRY B. YOST, Assistant Secretary 
ELMER N. FUNKHOUSER, President Emeritus 
ALLAN W. MUND, President Emeritus 
ARTHUR L. PETERSON, President of the College 

Emeriti 

WILLIAM D. BRYSON, L.L.D.; Retired Executive, Walter W. Moyer Com- 
pany; Ephrata, PA. 

WOODROW S. DELLINGER, B.S., M.D.; General Practitioner; Red Lion, PA. 

DEWITT M. ESSICK, A.B., M.S.; Retired Executive, Armstrong Cork Com- 
pany; Lancaster, PA. 

EUGENE C. FISH, Esq., B.S., L.L.B., J.D.; President, Peerless Industries, 
Inc.; Chairman of the Board, Eastern Foundry Company; Attorney, 
Romeika, Fish and Scheckter; Senior Partner, Tax Associates; Jenkin- 
town, PA. 

E. N. FUNKHOUSER, A.B., L.L.D.; Retired President, Funkhouser Corpora- 
tion; Hagerstown, MD. 

IOHN R. HARPER; President, Pardee Company; Philadelphia, PA. 

PAUL E. HORN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church; 
Harrisburg, PA. 

HERMANN W. KAEBNICK, B.A., M.Div., S.T.M., D.D., L.L.D., L.H.D.; 
Retired Bishop, Harrisburg Area, United Methodist Church; Hershey, PA. 

ALLAN W. MUND, L.L.D.; Retired Chairman, Board of Directors, Ellicott 
Machine Corporation; Baltimore, MD. 

HAROLD S. PEIFFER, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United 
Methodist Church; Lancaster, PA. 



89 



JESSIE A. PRATT, B.S.; Retired Administrative Assistant, Legal Division, 

City of Philadelphia; Philadelphia, PA. 
EZRA H. RANCK, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 

Church; Mt. toy, PA. 
MELV1N S. RIFE; Retired Executive, Schmidt and Ault Paper Company, 

Division of St. Regis Paper Company; York, PA. 
RALPH M. R1TTER; President, Ritter Brothers, Inc.; Harrisburg, PA. 

Honorary 

JEFFERSON C. BARNHART, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, McNees, Wallace 

and Nurick; Harrisburg, PA. 
BERTHA B. BLAIR, L.L.D.; President and Chairman of the Board, Denver 

and Ephrata Telephone Company; Ephrata, PA. 
CECIL B. LUTZ; Homemaker; Denver, PA. 

BERNARDO I. PENTURELLI, B.S.; Corporate Consultant; Laureldale, PA. 
HORACE E. SMITH, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Smith and McCleary; 

York, PA. 
WOODROW W. WALTEMYER; Business Executive; York, PA. 

Trustees 

EDWARD H. ARNOLD, B.A.; President, Arnold Industries; Lebanon, PA 

(1987). 
WILLIAM D. BOSWELL, Esq., Ph.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Berman and Boswell; 

Harrisburg, PA (1986). 
MILDRED A. BOWEN; Cafeteria Manager, Northeastern School District; Mt. 

Wolf, PA (1987). 
G. HAROLD BUCHER, B.S.; President, People's National Bank; Lebanon, 

PA (1986). 
RAYMOND H. CARR; President, Pickering Creek Industrial Park, Inc.; 

Lionville, PA (1985). 
RUTH A. DAUGHERTY, B.A.; Church Volunteer; Chairman, General Com- 
mission on Communications, United Methodist Church; Reading, PA 

(1986). 
IAMES I. DAVISON; Owner, Davison Motor Car Company; Freehold, NJ 

(1987). 
CURVIN N. DELLINGER, B.S.; President, ].C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; Lebanon, 

PA (1985). 
]OHN R. EBY, B.S.; Vice President, Controller and Secretary, Foote Mineral 

Company; Mountville, PA (1986). 

90 



JOSEPH H. EUBANKS; Retired Registered Representative, Broker, Kidder, 

Peabody and Co., Inc.; Reading, PA (1986). 
JONATHAN PAUL FRYE; Student, Lebanon Valley College; Lebanon, PA 

(1985). 
ARTHUR L. GOLDBERG, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Goldberg, Evans and 

Katzman; Harrisburg, PA (1986). 
KATHRYN M. GROVE, B.A.; Lay Church Worker; Philadelphia, PA (1986). 
THOMAS W. GUINIVAN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Pastor, Colonial Park United 

Methodist Church, Harrisburg, PA (1985). 
ELAINE G. HACKMAN, B.A.; Vice President, Marketing, Dutchmaid, Inc.; 

Ephrata, PA (1985). 
PHILIP C. HERR, II, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Herr, Potts and Herr; 

Philadelphia, PA (1985). 
EARL H. KAUFFMAN, A.B., M.Div., S.T.M.; Pastor, Highspire Mt. Zion 

United Methodist Church; Highspire, PA (1985). 
GERALD D. KAUFFMAN, A.B., B.D.; Pastor, Grace United Methodist 

Church; Carlisle, PA (1985). 
W. RICHARD KOHLER, B.A., M.Div.; Pastor, First United Methodist Church; 

Palmyra, PA (1987). 
ANDREW W. KREIDER, B.S.; President, H.H. Bealler & Co., Inc.; Wyomis- 

sing, PA (1985). 
CONSTANCE W. LEITNER, B.S.; Musician, Trinity United Methodist 

Church; Harrisburg, PA (1986). 
IEAN W. LEVY, B.A.; Retired Businesswoman; Mt. Gretna, PA (1986). 
LEON E. MARKOW1CZ, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.; Associate Professor of English, 

Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1986). 
LEROY MARLOW, B.S., M.A., Ed.D.; Assistant Director of Continuing 

Education; Director of the Pennsylvania Technical Assistant Program; 

Head of Management Development Services, The Pennsylvania State 

University; State College, PA (1987). 
JOAN C. McCULLOH, A.B., M.A.T.; Chairperson, Department of English, 

Annville-Cleona High School; Annville, PA (1986). 
JOHN G. McELLHENNEY, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Pastor, Ardmore United Meth- 
odist Church; Ardmore, PA ( 1 987). 
OWEN A. MOE, JR., B.A., Ph.D.; Associate Professor of Chemistry, Lebanon 

Valley College; Annville, PA (1985). 
RONALD NAGY, B.S.; Vice President, New Era Ribbon and Carbon; West 

Chester, PA (1987). 
GRANT NICHOLLS, B.A., B.S.; President, Personal Financial Advisors; 

Hackettstown, NJ (1987). 



91 



AGNES B. O'DONNELL, A.B., M.Ed.; M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of English, 

Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1985). 
PETER G. OLENCHUK, B.S., M.S., M.B.A.; Chairman of the Board, Newport 

Institute, Newport, RI; Retired Major General, United States Army; 

McLean, VA (1986). 
KENNETH H. PLUMMER; President, E.D. Plummer Sons, Inc.; Chambers- 
burg, PA (1987). 
RHEA P. REESE; Community Volunteer; Hershey, PA (1985). 
MILDRED M. REIGH, B.A., M.Ed.; Professor of Mathematics, Indiana 

University of Pennsylvania; Indiana, PA (1987). 
THOMAS C. RE1NHART, B.S.; President T.C.R. Packaging, Inc., Albee- 

Campbell, Inc., and People Seekers; West Lawn, PA (1987). 
IANE ELIZABETH RUPERT; Student, Lebanon Valley College; Shippens- 

burg, PA (1985). 
F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, )R., B.S.; Retired Principal, Arthur Young and 

Company; Richmond, VA (1987). 
DANIEL L. SHEARER, A.B., B.D., S.T.M.; Executive Assistant to the 

Bishop, Harrisburg Area, United Methodist Church; Hummelstown, PA 

(1986). 
F. HERBERT SKEETE, A.B., M.Div., S.T.M., D. Min.; Bishop, the Philadel- 
phia Area, United Methodist Church; West Chester, PA (1985). 
HARVEY B. SNYDER, B.S., M.D.; Medical Director, Milton S. Hershey 

School; Lebanon, PA (1987). 
MORTON SPECTOR; Vice President and Treasurer, D & H Distributing Co.; 

Harrisburg, PA (1986). 
ARTHUR W. STAMBACH, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Pastor, First United Methodist 

Church, Hershey, PA (1985). 
PAUL E. STAMBACH, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D.; Pastor, Asbury United 

Methodist Church; York, PA (1986). 
E. PETER STRICKLER, B.S.; President, Strickler Insurance Agency, Inc.; 

Lebanon, PA (1986). 
SUSAN E. VERHOEK, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.; Associate Professor of Biology, 

Lebanon Valley College; Palmyra, PA (1987). 
JOHN A. WALTER, B.S., J.D.; Judge, Lebanon County Court of Common 

Pleas; Lebanon, PA (1986). 
IULIANNE WEBBER, B.A.; Admissions Assistant, Franklin and Marshall 

College; Lancaster, PA (1987). 
ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER, B.S., Ph.D.; Chief of Carcinogen Metabolism 

and Toxicology Branch, National Cancer Institute; Bethesda, MD (1985). 



92 



TRACY LYNN WENGER; Student, Lebanon Valley College; Quarryville, PA 

(1985). 
HARLAN R. WENGERT, B.S., M.B.; President, Wengert's Dairy; Lebanon, 

PA (1987). 
E. D. WILLIAMS, JR.; Private Investor; Lebanon, PA (1987). 
J. DENNIS WILLIAMS, B.A., M.Div., D. Min. ; Pastor, United Methodist 

Church of West Chester; West Chester, PA (1985). 
SAMUEL A. WILLMAN, B.S., M. Com.; Vice President, Marketing, York 

Container Company; Red Lion, PA (1987). 
PAUL L. WOLF, B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; Chairman, Department of Biology, 

Lebanon Valley College; Hershey, PA (1986). 
HARRY B. YOST, Esq., L.L.B., L.L.M.; Attorney, Hassell, Yost and Sorren- 

tino; Lancaster, PA (1985). 
NANCY C. ZIMMERMAN; Community Volunteer; Hershey, PA (1987). 

Administration 
President 

ARTHUR L. PETERSON, 1984-; President. A.B., Yale University, 1947; 
M.S. P. A., University of Southern California, 1949; Ph.D., University of 
Minnesota, 1962. 

Presidential Staff 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, 1983-; Vice President for Special Programs and 
Dean of Continuing Education, 1984-. B.A., Drew University, 1957; 
M.A., Syracuse University, I960; Ph.D., 1966. 

KAREN McHENRY GLUNTZ, 1984-; Director of Development. B.A., 
Marymount College, 1973; B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1982; MA. in 
Administration, The Pennsylvania State University, 1984. 

GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, 1952-; Vice President for Student Affairs, 
1984-. A.B. Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., Columbia University, 
1951; Ed. D., Temple University, 1967. 

RICHARD REED, 1980-; Vice President and Dean of the Faculty. B.A., 
Stetson University, 1962; M.A., Emory University, 1965; Ph.D., 1971. 

ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951 -; Controller, 1962-; Vice President, 1967-. B.S. 
in Ed., Shippensburg State College, 1941; M.S., Columbia University, 
1947; Ph.D., New York University, 1962; C.P.M., 1976. 



93 



IOHN ABERNATHY SMITH, 1980-; College Chaplain. B.A., Vanderbilt 
University, 1961; M.Div., Drew University, 1965; M.A., Johns Hopkins 
University, 1967; Ph.D., 1971. 

GREGORY G. STANSON, 1966-; Dean of Admissions, 1980-. B.A., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1963; M.Ed., University of Toledo, 1966. 

ROBERT L. UNGER, 1982-; Executive Assistant to the President, 1984-. 
B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1969; M.A., University of Chicago, 1982. 



Administrative Staff 



Academic Affairs 

RICHARD REED, Vice President and Dean of the Faculty 

ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961 -; Readers' Services Librarian. B.S.L.S. Sim- 
mons College, 1946. 
BRUCE S. CORRELL, 1972-; Registrar, 1984-. B.S., Bowling Green State 

University, 1971; M.Ed., 1972. 
ALICE S. D1EHL, 1966-; Technical Processes Librarian. A.B., Smith 

College, 1956; B.S., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1957; M.L.S., 

University of Pittsburgh, 1966. 
WILLIAM E. HOUGH, III, 1970-; Librarian; Associate Professor. A.B., 

King's College, 1955; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1959; 

M.S.L.S., Columbia University, 1965. 
IOHN I. UHL, 1980-; Director of Media Services. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1979. 



Special Programs and Continuing Education 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, Vice President for Special Programs and Dean of 
Continuing Education 

CHARLES L. FROST1CK, 1984-; Information Officer. B.A., Ohio Wesleyan 

University, 1979. 
DAWN C. HUMPHREY, 1983-; Information Officer, 1984-. B.A., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1983. 
MARY B. WILLIAMS, 1983-; Director of Communications, 1984-. A.A.S., 

Stratford College, 1945. 

94 



Admissions 

GREGORY G. STANSON, Dean of Admissions 

WILLIAM I. BROWN, JR., 1980-; Associate Dean of Admissions, 1984. 

B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979. 
CATHERINE H. COBB, 1981 -; Assistant Dean of Admissions, 1984-. B.A., 

Dickinson College, 1981. 
RONALD K. GOOD, 1983-; Admissions Counselor. B.S. in Ed., Millersville 

State College, 1959; M.Ed., Millersville State College, 1966. 
DEBRA L. PATTERSON, 1984-; Admissions Counselor. B.S. in Music, 

Lebanon Valley College, 1984. 

College Relations 

KAREN McHENRY GLUNTZ, Director of Development 

ROBERT L. UNGER, 1982-; Director of Alumni Services and Concert Choir 
Business Manager. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1969; M.A., University 
of Chicago, 1982. 

JOSEPH P. WENGYN, 1982-; Assistant Director of Development. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1982. 

Business Affairs 

ROBERT C. RILEY, Vice President and Controller 

RONALD G. EVANS, 1972-; Director of General Institutional Services. 

DEBORAH R. FULLAM, 1982-; Assistant Director, Computer Center. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1981 ; Data Processing, Harrisburg Area Com- 
munity College, 1982. 

BETSY L. GOW, 1981 — ; Assistant Director, Food Service. 

ROBERT E. HARNISH, 1967-; Manager of the College Store. B.A., Ran- 
dolph Macon College, 1966. 

CHRISTINE A. KOTERBA, 1982-; Director of Financial Aid. B.A., Wilkes 
College, 1977. 

CHARLES LORENZ, 1983-; Director of Maintenance. 

DAVID I. MICHAELS, 1981 -; Director of Food Service and Conferences. 
A.A.S., Morehead State University, 1975. 

DELLA M. NE1DIG, 1962-; Director of Housekeeping, 1972-. 

STEPHEN SHOOP, 1977-; Director of the Computer Center. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1974. 



95 



WALTER L. SMITH, 1 96 1 - 1 969; 1 97 1 -; Director of Special Services. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 1967. 

DANE A. WOLFE, 1977-; Assistant Controller. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1974. 

KEVIN R. YEISER, 1982-; Director of Grounds. 

SAMUEL I. ZEARFOSS, 1952-; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, 
1969-. 

Student Affairs 

GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, Vice President for Student Affairs 

ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971 -; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1949; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1952. 

DAVID C. EVANS, 1981 -; Director of Career Planning and Placement. 
B.A., Slippery Rock State College, 1969; M.Ed., Rutgers University, 1974. 

VERONICA FABIAN, 1984-; Staff Nurse. R.N., Spencer Hospital, Mead- 
ville, 1961. 

RUSSELL L. GINGRICH, 1971 -; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1947; M.D., lefferson Medical College, 1951. 

ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1950; M.D., lefferson Medical College, 1955; B.A., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1971. 

CHERYL L. REIHL, 1982-; Director of Student Activities. B.S.H.E., Univer- 
sity of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1977; M.Ed., University of Con- 
necticut-Storrs, 1980. 

LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971 -; Director of Athletics, 1981 -; B.A., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 

JULIANA Z. WOLFE, 1975-1978; 1979-; Head Nurse. R.N., St. (oseph's 
Hospital, Carbondale, 1963. 

ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973-; Associate Dean of Students, 1983-. B.S., 
Lock Haven State College, 1 966. M.Ed., West Chester State College, 1 970. 

IEAN W. ZELEK, 1983-; Staff Nurse. R.N., St. Anthony's Hospital, Louis- 
ville, 1952. 

Athletic Staff 

LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, Director of Athletics 

IOHN BARRETT, 1984-; Soccer Coach. B.S., Slippery Rock State College, 

1979. 
GORDON S. FOSTER, 1982-; Men's Basketball Coach. B.A., Elizabethtown 

College, 1951; M.S., Bucknell University, 1968. 

96 



TERRY KLINE, 1984-; Athletic Trainer. B.S., Millersville State College, 

1969; M.S., Central Missouri State University, 1976. 
ALLAN LASKOWSKI, JR., 1982-; Assistant Men's Basketball Coach. 
THOMAS NELSON, 1984-; Lacrosse Coach, Assistant Football Coach; 

B.S., Towson State University, 1977. 
GERALD I. PETROFES, 1963-; Golf Coach; Wrestling Coach. B.S., Kent 

State University, 1958; M.A., Kent State University, 1962. 
FRED POORMAN, 1984-; Assistant Football Coach. B.A., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1959. 
O. KENT REED, 1971-; Assistant Football Coach; Track Coach. B.S., 

Otterbein College, 1956; M.A. Eastern Kentucky University, 1970. 
STEPHAN C. SCHAFFER, 1980-; Equipment Manager. 
JAMES SMITH, 1982-; Women's Basketball Coach. B.A., Moravian College, 

1954. 
NED M. SMITH, 1982-; Baseball Coach. 
LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971 -; Football Coach. B.A., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 
KATHLEEN TIERNEY, 1983-; Women's Field Hockey Coach; Women's 

Lacrosse Coach. B.S., University of New York at Brockport. 
ROBERT L. UNGER, 1982-; Cross Country Coach. B.A. Lebanon Valley 

College, 1969; M.A. University of Chicago, 1982. 

Faculty 

Emeriti 

JAMES O. BEMESDERFER, 1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1936; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1939; S.T.M., 
Lutheran Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 1945; S.T.D., Temple 
University, 1951. 

RUTH ENGLE BENDER, 1918-1922; 1924-1970; Professor Emerita of 
Music Education. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1915; Oberlin Conserva- 
tory; graduate New England Conservatory. 

D. CLARK CARMEAN, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admissions. A.B., 
Ohio Wesleyan University, 1926; M.A., Columbia University, 1932. 

HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963-1976; Professor Emerita of German. M.A., Uni- 
versity Berlin and lena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 

CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947-1983; Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and 
Dean Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; M.Div., United 
Theological Seminary, 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 1954. 



97 



ALEX I. FEHR, 1951 - 1982; Professor Emeritus of Political Science. A.B., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1950; M.A., Columbia University, 1957; Ph.D., 

Syracuse University, 1968. 
GLADYS M. FENC1L, 1921-1927; 1929-1965. Registrar Emerita. A.B., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1921. 
DONALD E. FIELDS, 1928-1930; 1947-1970: Librarian Emeritus. A.B., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1924; M.S., Princeton University, 1928; Ph.D., 

University of Chicago, 1935; A.B. in Library Science, University of 

Michigan, 1947. 
ELIZABETH M. GEFFEN, 1958-1983; Professor Emerita of History. B.S. in 

Ed., University of Pennsylvania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. 
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, 1912-1 970; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.Pd., 

State Normal School, Millersville, 1910; A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 

1912; A.M., 1918; Sc.D., 1942. 
1UNE EBY HERR, 1959- 1980; Associate Professor Emerita of Elementary 

Education. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania 

State University, 1954. 
THOMAS A. LANESE, 1954-1978; Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Strings, Conducting, and Theory. B.Mus., Baldwin-Wallace College, 

1938; Fellowship, Juilliard Graduate School; M.Mus., Manhattan School 

of Music, 1952. 
ANNA D. FABER MCVAY, 1954-1976; Professor Emerita of English. A.B. 

Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 1950; 

Ph.D. 1954. 
SARA ELIZABETH P1EL, 1960-1975; Professor Emerita of Languages. 

A.B., Chatham College, 1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; 

Ph.D., 1938. 
RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; 1953- 1984; Professor Emeritus of History 

and Assistant Dean Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; A.M., 

University of Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. 
ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951-1983; Professor Emeritus of Music. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 
GEORGE G. STRUBLE, 1931-1970; Professor Emeritus of English. B.S. in 

Ed., University of Kansas, 1922; M.S. in Ed. 1925; Ph.D., University of 

Wisconsin, 1931. 
JAMES M. THURMOND, 1954-1979; Professor Emeritus of Music Educa- 
tion and Brass. Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931; A.B., American 

University, 1951; M.A., Catholic University, 1952; Mus.D., Washington 

College of Music, 1944. 
L. ELBERT WETHINGTON, 1963-1983; Professor Emeritus of Religion. 



08 



B.A., Wake Forest, 1944; B.D., Divinity School of Duke University, 1947; 
Ph.D., Duke University, 1949. 

Active 

MADELYN J. ALBRECHT, 1973- ; Associate Professor of Education. B.A., 

Northern Baptist College, 1952; M.A., Michigan State University, 1958; 

Ph.D., 1972. 
M1RZA W. AL1, 1984-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., 

University of Rajshahi, 1967; M.A., University of Rajshahi, 1968; M.Sc, 

University of British Columbia, Canada, 1978; Ph.D., State University of 

New York at Albany, 1984. 
RICHARD ARNOLD, 1984- ; Assistant Professor of Management. B.S., 

Bucknell University, 1963; M.B.A., 1980. 
PHILIP BEHRENDS, 1 984 - ; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.A., 

University of California, 1977; Ph.D., McMaster University, 1984. 
RICHARD C. BELL, 1966- ; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple University, 1955. 
PHILIP A. BILLINGS, 1970-; Professor of English. B.A., Heidelberg College, 

1965; M.A., Michigan State University, 1967; Ph.D., 1974. 
G. KIP BOLLINGER, 1982-; Assistant Professor of Education. B.S., luniata 

College, 1967; M.S., Temple University, 1971; D.Ed., 1979. 
JAMES H. BROUSSARD, 1983- ; Associate Professor of History; Chairman 

of the Department of History and Political Science. A.B., Harvard 

University, 1963; M.A., Duke University, 1965; Ph.D., 1968. 
DONALD EUGENE BROWN, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Political 

Science. B.S., Western Illinois University, 1969; M.A., State University of 

New York at Binghamton, 1973; Ph.D., 1982. 
DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 1 97 1 - ; Professor of Religion; Chairman of the 

Department of Religion. B.A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963; M.A., Marquette 

University, 1966; Ph.D., Duke University, 1972. 
VOORH1S C. CANTRELL, 1968-; Professor of Religion and Greek. B.A., 

Oklahoma City University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist University, 

1956; Ph.D., Boston University, 1967.. 
ROGER D. CARLSON, 1972- ; Associate Professor of Psychology. A.B., 

California State University at Sacramento, 1968; M.A., 1969; Ph.D., 

University of Oregon, 1972. 
ROBERT A. CLAY, 1978- ; Associate Professor of Sociology; Chairman of 

the Department of Sociology and Social Service. A.B., St. Mary's 

Seminary and University, 1962; S.T.B., Pontifical Gregorian University, 

1964; M.A., Cornell University, 1974; Ph.D., 1982. 



99 



GEORGE D. CURFMAN, 1 96 1 - ; Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1953; M.M., University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., Pennsylvania 

State University, 1971. 
DONALD B. DAHLBERG, 1980- ; Associate Professor of Chemistry. B.S., 

University of Washington, 1967; M.S., Cornell University, 1969; Ph.D., 

1971. 
SCOTT H. EGGERT, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.F.A., University 

of Wisconsin (Milwaukee), 1971; M.A., University of Chicago, 1974; 

D.M.A., University of Kansas, 1982. 
VIRGINIA E. ENGLEBRIGHT, 1971 -; Assistant Professor of Music. B.M.E., 

Florida State University, 1969; M.M., 1970. 
DALE ]. ERSKINE, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Biology. B.A., University 

of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., SUNY College at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., 

University of Oklahoma, 1981. 
WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947- ; Associate Professor of Music. Mus.B., cum 

laude, Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. 
ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965- ; Professor of English; Chairman of the Depart- 
ment of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; M.A., Bowling 

Green State University, I960; Ph.D., 1964. 
MICHAEL D. FRY, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematics. B.A., 

Immaculate Heart College, 1975; Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1980. 
LEONARD S. GEISSEL, IR., 1979-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.A., 

University of Delaware, 1957; M. A., University of Iowa, 1971. 
PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959-; Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 

1951 ; M.S.M., Union Theological Seminary School of Sacred Music, 

1953; A.M.D., Eastman School of Music, 1967. 
MICHAEL A. GRELLA, 1 980 - ; Associate Professor of Education; Chairman 

of the Department of Education. B.A., St. Mary's College, 1958; M.A., 

West Virginia University, 1970; Ed.D., 1974. 
KLEMENT M. HAMBOURG, 1 982 - ; Associate Professor of Music. A.T.C.M., 

Royal Conservatory of Music, 1946; L.R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music, 

1962; A.R.C.M., Royal College of Music, 1962; L.T.C.L., Trinity College of 

Music (London), 1965; Fellow, 1966; D.M.A., University of Oregon, 1977. 
CAROLYN R. HANES, 1977-; Associate Professor of Sociology. B.A., 

Central Michigan University, 1969; M.A., University of New Hampshire, 

1973; Ph.D., 1976. 
BRYAN V. HEARSEY, 1971 - ; Professor of Mathematics. B.A., Western 

Washington State College, 1964; M.A., Washington State University, 

1966; Ph.D., 1968. 
ALAN G. HEFFNER, 1 980- ; Associate Professor of Management, Chairman 



100 



of the Department of Management. B.A., Sonoma State College, 1970; 

M.A., California State University, 1973; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1976. 
)OHN H. HEFFNER, 1972-; Professor of Philosophy. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1968; A.M., Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 1976. 
JOHN P. HORCHNER, 1984- ; Assistant Professor of Management. A.B., 

Yale University, 1949; M.B.A., New York University, 1973. 
BARRY L. HURST, 1982-; Assistant Professor Physics. B.S., luniata 

College, 1972; Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1982. 
DIANE M. 1GLES1AS, 1976-; Associate Professor of Spanish; Chairman of 

the Department of Foreign Languages. B.A., Queens College, 1971; 

M.A., 1974; Ph.D., 1979. 
RICHARD A. 1SKOWITZ, 1969-; Associate Professor of Art; Chairman of 

the Department of Art. B.F.A., Kent State University, 1965; M.F.A., 1967. 
L. EUGENE JACQUES, 1975- ; Assistant Professor of Education. B.A., 

University of Pittsburgh, 1937; M.Ed., 1941; D.Ed., 1952. 
RICHARD A. JOYCE, 1966- ; Assistant Professor of History. A.B., Yale 

University, 1952; M.A., San Francisco State College, 1963. 
JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971 -; Professor of English. B.A., St. Benedict's 

College, 1962; M.A., University of Michigan, 1963; Ph.D., University of 

Wisconsin, 1968. 
DAVID I. LASKY, 1974-; Professor of Psychology; Chairman of the De- 
partment of Psychology. A.B., Temple University, 1956; M.A., 1958; 

Ph.D., 1961. 
ROBERTO LAU, 1968- ; Professor of Music; Chairman of the Department 

of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1965; M.A., Eastman School of 

Music, 1970; Ph.D., Catholic University, 1979. 
IEAN O. LOVE, 1954-; Professor of Psychology. A.B., Erskine College, 

1941; M.A., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 

1953. 
LEON E. MARKOWICZ, 1971 -; Professor of English. A.B., Duquesne 

University, 1964; MA. , University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 
JOERG W. P. MAYER, 1970-; Professor of Mathematics. Dipl. Math., 

University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. 
OWEN A. MOE, JR., 1973-; Associate Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. 

Olaf's College, 1966; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. 
PHILIP G. MORGAN, 1969-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.M.E., Kansas 

State College, 1962; M.S., 1965. 
HOWARD A. NEIDIG, 1948-; Professor of Chemistry; Chairman of the 

Department of Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.S., 

University of Delaware, 1946; Ph.D., 1948. 

101 



IOHN D. NORTON, 1971 -; Associate Professor of Political Science. B.A., 

University of Illinois, 1965; M.A., Florida State University, 1967; Ph.D., 

American University, 1973. 
AGNES B. O'DONNELL, 1 96 1 - ; Professor of English. A.B., Immaculata 

College, 1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; M.A., University of 

Pennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D., 1976. 
I. ROBERT O'DONNELL, 1959- ; Associate Professor of Physics. B.S., The 

Pennsylvania State University, 1950; M.S., University of Delaware, 1953. 
DWIGHT PAGE, 1982- ; Assistant Professor of French and German. B.A., 

Davidson College, 1975; M.A., Harvard University, 1976; Ph.D., 1981. 
GERALD I. PETROFES, 1963- ; Associate Professor of Physical Education. 

B.S., Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. 
SIDNEY POLLACK, 1976- ; Associate Professor of Biology. B.A., New York 

University, 1963; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1970. 
PETER N. RANDRUP, 1984-; Assistant Professor of Management. B.S., 

United States Naval Academy, 1956; M.B. A., American International 

College, 1970. 
O. KENT REED, 1971 -; Associate Professor of Physical Education; Chair- 
man of the Department of Physical Education. B.S., in Ed., Otterbein 

College, 1956; M.A., in Ed., Eastern Kentucky University, 1970. 
KEVIN C. REIDY, 1981 -; Instructor in Management. B.A., Gettysburg 

College, 1975; I.D., SUNY at Buffalo, 1978. 
C. ROBERT ROSE, 1 98 1 - ; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed., Southern 

Illinois University, 1964; M.M., 1966; D.M., Indiana University, 1978. 
IACOB L. RHODES, 1957 - ; Professor of Physics; Chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Physics. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; Ph.D., University 

of Pennsylvania, 1958. 
GAIL SANDERSON, 1 983- ; Instructor in Accounting. B.A., Hobart and 

William Smith Colleges, 1970; M.B. A., Boston University, 1977. 
IAMES W. SCOTT, 1976- ; Professor of German. B.A., luniata College, 

1965; Ph.D., Princeton University, 1971. 
DAVID S. SEITZ, 1981 — ; Instructor in Management, B.S., University of 

Delaware, 1957; B.S., York College of Pennsylvania, 1977; M.B. A., 1980. 
DINA STEPHENSON, 1984- ; Visiting Instructor in English. B.S., Franklin 

and Marshall College, 1974; M.A., Western Washington University, 1978. 
JULIE SURIS, 1983- ; Instructor in Spanish and French. B.A., University of 

Minnesota, 1969; M.A., 1971. 
DENNIS W. SWEIGART, 1972- ; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 1965; 

DM. A., University of Iowa, 1977. 



02 



WARREN K. A. THOMPSON, 1967- ; Associate Professor of Philosophy; 

Chairman of the Department of Philosophy. A.B., Trinity University, 

1957; M.A., University of Texas, 1963. 
C. F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954- ; Professor of Economics. B.A., Hastings College, 

1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. 
HORACE W. TOUSLEY, 1 98 1 - ; Assistant Professor of Mathematical 

Sciences; Chairman of the Department of Mathematical Sciences. A.B., 

Ripon College, 1951 ; M.S., University of Alabama, 1970. 
MARK A. TOWNSEND, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematics. B.S., 

Bethany Nazarene College, 1965; M.A., Oklahoma University, 1969; 

Ed.D., Oklahoma State University, 1983. 
PERRY I. TROUTMAN, I960-; Professor of Religion. B.A., Houghton 

College, 1949; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1952; Ph.D., Boston 

University, 1964. 
SUSAN E. VERHOEK, 1974-; Associate Professor of Biology. B.A., Ohio 

Wesleyan University, 1964; M.A., Indiana University, 1966; Ph.D., 

Cornell University, 1975. 
STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS, 1973- ; Associate Professor of Biology. B.A.. 

Central College, 1964; M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., 

Washington University, 1971. 
PAUL L. WOLF, 1 966 - ; Professor of Biology; Chairman of the Department 

of Biology. B.S., Elizabethtown College, I960; M.S., University of 

Delaware, 1963; Ph.D., 1968. 
ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Gettysburg College, 

1963; M.A., Drake University, 1965; University of Vermont, 1968. 
GLENN H. WOODS, 1965- ; Associate Professor of English. A.B., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. 

Adjunct 

DAVID V. BILGER, 1974- ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Ithaca 
College, 1967. 

TERESA M. BOWERS, 1978-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Susque- 
hanna University, 1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

ERWIN P. CHANDLER, 1 978- ; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. B.S., 
Ithaca College, 1966; M.M., Indiana University, 1971. 

IAMES P. DUX, 1983-; Adjunct Professor of Chemistry. B.S., Queens 
College, 1942; M.A., Columbia University, 1947; Ph.D., Polytechnic Insti- 
tute of New York, 1955. 

RICHARD H. GIFFORD, JR., 1 98 1 - ; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Ac- 

103 



counting. B.A., Gettysburg College, 1974; M.B.A., The Pennsylvania 

State University. 
JAMES R. KLOCK, 1 98 1 - ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., West Virginia 

University, 1979. 
NEVELYN 1. KNISLEY, 1954-1958; 1963; 1970- ; Adjunct Associate 

Professor of Music. Mus.B., Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 1951; M.F.A., 

Ohio University, 1953. 
JACK KRONE, 1982-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., West Chester State 

College, 1959; M.M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University, 1963. 
PHILIP MALPAS, 1983-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Music. B.Mus., 

University of Michigan, 1941; M.Mus., University of Michigan, 1947. 
ROBERT T. MEASHEY, 1980-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1977. 
WILMER G. NOLT, 1983- ; Adjunct Instructor of Chemistry. B.S., Millers- 

ville State College, 1965; M.Ed., University of Michigan, 1947. 
SUZANNE CALDWELL RIEHL, 1982-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.M., Westminster Choir College, 1982. 
DAVID STAFFORD, 1 98 1 - ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs 

College of Music, 1967. 
THOMAS M. STROHMAN, 1977- ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1975. 
R. GORDON WISE, 1973- ; Adjunct Professor Art. B.S., University of 

Missouri, I960; M.A., Roosevelt University, 1964; Ed.D., University of 

Missouri, 1970. 

Adjunct Medical Technology 

Abington Memorial Hospital: Director John W. Eiman, M.D.; Educational 

Coordinator, Barbara I. Scheelje, M.T. (ASCP) 
Sacred Heart Hospital: Director, Francis V. Kostelnik, M.D.; Educational 

Coordinator, Sandra A. Neiman, M.T. (ASCP) 
Harrisburg Hospital: Medical Director of Laboratories', Him W. Kwee, M.D.; 

Program Director, Janice M. Fogelman, M.Ed., M.T. (ASCP) 
Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg: Director, Julian Potok, D.O.; 

Educational Coordinator, Margaret A. Black, M.T. (ASCP) 
Lancaster General Hospital: Director, Ward M. O'Donnell, M.D.; Educa- 
tional Coordinator, Margaret A. Black, M.T. (ASCP) 
Reading Hospital and Medical Center: Director, I. Donald Stuard, M.D.; 

Educational Coordinator, Christiania Dobler, M.T. (ASCP) 
Jersey Shore Medical Center — Fitkin Hospital: Director, Martin Krummer- 

man, M.D.; Educational Coordinator, Florence M. Cook, M.T. (ASCP) 

104 



INDEX 



Academic 

advising 1 3,15 

calendar 4,5,6 

dishonesty 19 

dismissal 20 

honors 18 

probation 19 

procedures 12,14 

programs 23 

regulations 12 

Accounting 

certificate program 10 

course descriptions 53.54 

Accreditation 8,30 

Actuarial science 62 

Admissions 

application procedure 8 

early decision policy 9 

high school preparation for 8 

Administration directory 93-97 

Advanced placement 17 

Advisors 13 

Affiliation, church 8 

Allied health sciences 29 

American College Tests 9 

American University, The (Washington, 

D.C.) 22 

Application fee 8 

Application form 8 

Art 

course descriptions 27 

department of 27 

Attendance, class 16 

Athletic directory 96-97 

Audit (All, grade of) 15 

Auditing courses 

registration procedure 15 

Baccalaureate degrees conferred 12 

Biochemistry 

course descriptions 28 

department of 28 

Biology 

course descriptions 31 ,32,33 

department of 28-33 

Board of Trustees 7,8 

Board of Trustees directory 89 



Business Office 11 

Calendar, academic 

1984-1985 4 

1985-1986 5 

1986-1987 6 

Chemistry 

course descriptions 33,34,35 

department of 33-35 

Christian education 82-85 

Class 

attendance 16 

standing 14 

College Level Examination Programs 

(CLEP) 17 

Computer science, course 

descriptions 62-64 

Concurrent courses 16 

Continuing Education 9,10 

Course descriptions 27-88 

Credit for life experience 17 

Credit hours 13,14 

Credit, transfer 14 

Criminal justice 85 

Cytotechnology 29 

Dean of Admissions 9 

Dean of the Faculty 19,20,22 

Dean's List 18 

Degrees 
conferred at Lebanon Valley College ... 12 

Dental hygiene 29 

Diagnostic medical sonography 29 

Directory 

administration 93 

Board of Trustees 89 

coaching 96 

faculty 97 

Discontinuance of courses 15 

Dishonesty, academic 19 

Dismissal from College 20 

Duke University 29 

Early decision 

admissions policy 9 

Economics, course descriptions . . . . 57,58,59 
Education 
Christian, course descriptions . 82,83,84,85 
department of 35-39 



Education [continued) 

elementary, course descriptions. . 35,36,37 
music, course descriptions. . . . 64,65,67,68 

physical, course descriptions 75 

secondary, course descriptions 36,39 

Elementary education 35,36,37 

Elizabethtown College 

cooperative programs 10 

Engineering, cooperative program 76 

English 

course descriptions 40-42 

department of 40-42 

Environmental studies, forestry and 29 

Evening School 9,10 

Extension programs 10 

Faculty directory 97 - 1 04 

Family Rights and Privacy Act of 1 974 12-13 

Finances, student 11 

Financial Aid Office 11 

Foreign Languages, department of . . . 42-48 

French 43 

German 44-46 

Greek 46 

Latin 46 

Spanish 47-48 

Foreign studies 22 

Forestry and environmental studies 29 

French, course descriptions 43 

General education 

courses 24 

program 23-24 

requirements 23-24 

Geography, course descriptions 39 

German, course descriptions 44-46 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 22 

Gerontology 85,86 

Governance 8 

Grade point average 18,19 

Grading 

policy 15 

systems 18 

Graduation 

honors 18,19 

requirements for 13 

Greek, course descriptions 46 

Hahnemann University 30 

Health professions 48 

History and political science 

course descriptions 49-52 

department of 49-52 

Honors 

courses 25 

departmental 26 



graduation requirements 26 

independent study 26 

program 24-26 

seminars 25 

International business 52-53 

International Student Exchange Program 

(ISEP) 18,22 

Latin, course descriptions 46 

Life experience, credit for 17 

Management 

certificate program 10 

course descriptions 53-59 

courses in 55-57 

department of 53-59 

Mathematical sciences 

course descriptions 60-64 

department of 59-64 

Mathematics courses 60-62 

Medical technology 30 

Metropolitan Collegiate Center of 

Germantown 22 

Music 

appreciation 71 

conducting 72 

course descriptions 65-73 

department of 64-73 

education 64,65,67,68,69 

history 71 ,72 

individual instruction 72,73 

instrumental 69 

organizations 69-71 

performance 64 

recitals, student 73 

sacred 64,65 

National Accrediting Agency for Clinical 

Laboratory Sciences 30 

National Association of Schools 

of Music 65 

Nuclear medicine technology 31 

Nursing 29,30 

Occupational therapy 29 

Off-campus programs 22 

Operations research 64 

Pass/fail ' 16 

Pennsylvania State University cooperative 

programs 10 

Philosophy 

course descriptions 73-74 

department of 73-74 

Physical education 

course descriptions 75 

department of 75 

Physical therapy 29 



Physics 

course descriptions 75-76 

department of 75-76 

Political science 50-52 

Preregistration 15 

Probation, academic 19-20 

Programs 

academic 23-26 

Allied Health Sciences 29-30 

certificate 10 

cooperative 29-31 

engineering 76-77 

general education 23-24 

honors . - 24-26 

off-campus 22 

pre-professional 48-49 

Psychology 

course descriptions 79-82 

department of 79-82 

Radiologic technology 29 

Reading and study skills 40 

Readmission to College 20 

Recitals, student 73 

Registrar 10,14,15,16,17,18,20,21 

Registration 

change of 15 

of courses 15 

Religion 

course descriptions 83-85 

department of 82-85 

Repetition of courses 16 

Rules and regulations 12-20 

Sacred music 65 

Schedules 14 

Scholastic Aptitude Test 8,9 

Secondary education 36,39 



Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges 

(SOCI 21 

Social Service 85 

Sociology 

course descriptions 86-88 

department of 85-88 

Spanish, course descriptions 47,48 

Special Programs 9,10 

Statement of Purpose 7 

Student records, privacy of 12-13 

Student services 11 

Study abroad 22 

Study skills 40 

Summer sessions 9,10 

Suspension 20 

Teacher certification 36 

for non-matriculated students 21 

Temple University cooperative programs . 10 

Thanatology 85,87 

Tnomas lefferson University 29,30 

Transcripts 20 

Transfer 

credit 14 

procedures 14,15 

United Methodist Church 7,8 

University Center at Harrisburg .. 9,10-11,16 
University of Pennsylvania, The cooperative 

programs 10 

Veterans' services 21 

Vice President for Student Affairs 1 1 ,20 

Washington Semester 22 

Weekend College 9,10 

Withdrawal 

from college 20 

from course 15 

of course by College 15 




< 



- 1 



<9> 



Lebanon 

Valley 

College 




••EST MAIN STREET 
' To Palmyrm. H»f3h«7 • Traffic Light 



EAST MAIN STREET To LeDano Reaa,ng_ 



1 . Administration Building (Controller. Financial Aid, History & Political Science, 
Management, Mathematical Sciences, Registrar) 

2. Allan W. Mund College Center 

3. Arnold Field 

4. Art Studio 

5. Blair Music Center (Education, Music) 

6. Bollinger Plaza (South Entrance) 
7 Carnegie Building (Admissions) 

8. Centre Hall 

9. English House (112 College Avenue) 

1 Fencil Building (Continuing Education, Special Programs, Communications) 

1 1 . Foreign Language House ( 1 04 College Avenue) 

12 Funkhouser Hall 

1 3 Garber Science Center (Biology. Chemistry, Physics, Psychology, Sociology) 

14. Gossard Memorial Library (Computer Center) 

15. Hammond Hall 

16. Health Center 
17 Heating Plant 

18. KeisterHall 

19. Laughlin Hall 

20. Lynch Memorial Gymnasium 

2 1 . Maintenance Annex 

2 2 . Maintenance Center and Special Services (Security) Office 

2 3 . Mary Capp Green Hall 

24. Miller Chapel (Chaplain, Philosophy, Religion) 

2 5. North College 

26. Silver Hall 

27. United Methodist Church 

28. VickroyHall 

29. Wagner House ( 1 24 College Avenue) 




Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 
(717)867-4411