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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

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EBANCN 

, /ALLEY 

(JXLECE 

Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 



Catalog 
1987-1989 






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TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Academic Calendar 

1987-1988 4 

1988-1989 5 

1989-1990 6 

Statement of Purpose 7 

Admissions 8 

Continuing Education 10 

Student Finances 9 

Academic Regulations and Procedures 12 

Academic Programs 21 

Course Descriptions 59 

Directories 

Board of Trustees 129 

Administration 133 

Faculty 139 



Accreditation 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on Higher 
Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the Pennsylvania De- 
partment of Education, the National Association of Schools of Mu- 
sic and the American Chemical Society. 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents of the 
State University of New York and of the American Association of 
University Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following: National As- 
sociation of Independent Colleges and Universities; Pennsylvania 
Foundation for Independent Colleges; College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board; College Scholarship Service; National Collegiate Ath- 
letic Association; Middle Atlantic States Collegiate Athletic Confer- 
ence; Penn-Mar Athletic Conference; Central Pennsylvania Field 
Hockey Association; Eastern College Athletic Conference. 



1987-1988 Academic Calendar 



FIRST SEMESTER 




August 


29 


Saturday, Noon 




29-31 


Saturday-Monday 




30 


Sunday, Noon 




31 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 




31 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


October 


26 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


November 


3 


Tuesday, 8:30 a.m. 




12 


Thursday, 4:30 p.m. 




20 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




30 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


December 


11 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




14-18 


Monday-Friday 




18 


Friday, 1:00 p.m. 


SECOND SEMESTER 




January 


10 


Sunday, Noon 




11 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 




11 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


February 


26 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


March 


7 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 




14 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 




30 


Wednesday, 5:00 p.m 


April 


4 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 




12 


Tuesday, 8:30 a.m. 




20 


Wednesday, 5:00 p.m 




29 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


May 


2-6 


Monday-Friday 




6 


Friday, 1:00 p.m. 




8 


Sunday, 9:00 a.m. 




8 


Sunday, 11:00 a.m. 



Residence halls open new students 

New student orientation 

Residence halls open all students 

Add/Drop Day 

Classes begin 

Change of Registration deadline 

Last day to withdraw with a "W" 

Last to makeup "I" grades 

Registration for Spring begins 

Registration for Spring ends 

Thanksgiving vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end 

Last time to withdraw 

Final examinations 

Semester ends 



Residence halls open 

Add/Drop Day 

Classes begin 

Spring vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Change of Registration deadline 

Last day to withdraw with a "W 

Last day to make up "I" grades 

Easter vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Registration for Fall begins 

Registration for Fall ends 

Classes end 

Final examinations 

Semester ends 

Baccalaureate Service 

119th Annual Commencement 



1988-89 Academic Calendar 



FIRST SEMESTER 



August 


27 


Saturday, 12:00 noon 




28 


Sunday, 12:00 noon 




29 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 




29 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 




30 


Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 


October 


24 


Monday, 4:30 p.m. 


November 


18 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




28 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


December 


9 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




12-16 


Monday-Friday 



Residence halls open for new students 

Residence halls open 

Add/Drop Day 

Classes begin 

Day classes begin 

Change of registration deadline 

Thanksgiving vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end 

Final exams 



SECOND SEMESTER 



January 


15 


Sunday, 12:00 noon 




16 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 




16 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


February 


24 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


March 


6 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 




22 


Wednesday, 5:00 p.m 




27 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


May 


5 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




8-12 


Monday-Friday 




14 


Sunday, 9:00 a.m. 




14 


Sunday, 11:00 a.m. 


MINI-TERM 






May 


15 


Monday 




26 


Friday 



Residence halls open 

Add/Drop Day 

Classes begin 

Spring vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Easter vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end 

Final exams 

Baccalaureate Service 

120th Annual Commencement 



Begins 
Ends 



1989-90 Academic Calendar 



FIRST SEMESTER 



August 


26 


Saturday, 12 noon 


Residence halls open for new students 




27 


Sunday, 12 noon 


Residence halls open 




28 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 


Add/Drop Day 




28 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Classes begin 


October 


20 


Friday, 4:30 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


November 


17 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Thanksgiving vacation begins 




27 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes resume 


December 


8 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Classes end 




11-15 


Monday-Friday 


Final exams 




15 


Friday, 1:00 p.m. 


Semester ends 



SECOND SEMESTER 



January 


14 


Sunday, 12 noon 


Residence halls open 




15 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 


Add/Drop Day 




15 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Classes begin 


March 


2 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Spring vacation begins 




12 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes resume 




19 


Monday, 4:30 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


April 


11 


Wednesday, 5:00 p.m. 


Easter vacation begins 




16 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Classes resume 


May 


4 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Classes end 




7-11 


Monday-Friday 


Final exams 




11 


Friday, 1:00 p.m. 


Semester ends 




13 


Sunday, 9:00 a.m. 


Baccalaureate Service 




13 


Sunday, 11:00 a.m. 


121st Annual Commencement 


Mini-Term 








May 


14 


Monday 


Begins 




25 


Friday 


Ends 



STATEMENT OF PURPOSE 



Lebanon 

e Valley affirms its Christian origins by maintaining affiliation 

a a College with the United Methodist Church and by recognizing 

d 1 o the Christian faith as the perspective for its policies. 

e u m Both the Christian spirit, which encourages the unham- 

r e m pered search for truth, and the academic program, which 

s s u gives form to the search for truth, combine to generate 

h n free and responsible inquiry by students and faculty. 

1 ' In accordance with the purposes of its founders, Leba- 

P * non Valley College seeks to provide an atmosphere in 

y which the student can respond creatively to the contem- 

porary world. Each person is encouraged (1) to develop a genuine con- 
cern for cooperative living and community service; (2) to attain a height- 
ened sense of moral and spiritual values through a deepened awareness 
of how people have thought of themselves in relation to nature, to soci- 
ety, and to God; (3) to appreciate the close and unmistakable relationship 
among rational thought, creative imagination, and moral commitment; 
and (4) to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, and 
the future and their interrelationship. 

The programs of the College are designed to provide a demanding as well 
as a rewarding encounter with the means necessary to achieve the discov- 
ery of self and society; consideration of humanity's most significant ideas 
and accomplishments; development of logical thought and clear commu- 
nication; and practice in precise analysis and effective performance. The 
academic social, religious, and aesthetic experiences blend to create the 
atmosphere of the College in a way that fosters enlivened curiosity, disci- 
pline of self, and excitement about ideas that are the hallmarks of the 
educated individual. 

Lebanon Valley College, with approximately one thousand students and a 
low student-faculty ratio, in giving life to the concept of liberal arts as 
expressed in the preceding paragraphs has chosen to maintain an educa- 
tional institution which is academically strong, guided by the Christian 
faith, and small enough to give personal attention to all students. 

Adopted February 1, 1975 

Lebanon Valley College Board of Trustees 



Admissions 

High School Preparation 

All admission candidates should have completed 16 credit units and grad- 
uated from an accredited secondary school, or present an equivalency 
certificate (G.E.D.). Of the 16 units, 4 should be in English, 2 in foreign 
language, 2 in mathematics, 1 in science and 1 in social studies. 

Application Procedure 

A candidate for admission to Lebanon Valley College must submit a 
completed application form with the required application fee, Scholastic 
Aptitude or American College Test results and an official transcript of 
high school grades. Students planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley must 
submit official transcripts of completed college or university work. Leba- 
non Valley College does not require the College Board Achievement Test. 
However, Achievement Tests in foreign language are recommended for 
students seeking advanced placement. 

All candidates are required to visit campus for a personal interview. Ap- 
plicants for admission into music, sacred music or music education pro- 
grams are required to audition on campus; audition applications are 
available from the Admissions Office. 

Early Decision Admissions Policy 

An Early Decision applicant will be expected to complete an application 
stating his/her intention to seek consideration as an Early Decision candi- 
date. The application must be accompanied by the required non- refund- 
able application fee no later than November 15. An Early Decision appli- 
cant will be notified of the admissions committee decision by December 
1 . A student accepted as an Early Decision candidate must confirm his/ 
her acceptance by submitting a non-refundable deposit no later than 
January 1 . An applicant not accepted under the Early Decision program 
will be considered for admission under the regular admission program. 

For further information contact: 
Admissions Office 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA 17003-0501 
(717) 867-6180 



Student Finances 

Payment for tuition, room, board, and other charges is due by a pub- 
lished deadline prior to the beginning of each semester. Students failing 
to meet this deadline will be required to make special arrangements with 
the Business Office before their course registrations will be processed. 
Questions about student finances should be addressed to the Business 
Office. 

Refund Policy 

Students withdrawing from a course, or the school, will receive a refund 
prorated according to the following schedule. 

Time Period Refund 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 80% 

During the third week of classes 50% 

After the third week of classes 0% 

Summer School 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 50% 

After the second week of classes 0% 

Students with questions about financial aid should contact the Financial 
Aid Office, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, Pennsylvania, or call (717) 
867-6207. 

Deferred Payment 

Lebanon Valley College offers a deferred payment plan for those families 
who, after exploring other options, are unable to meet the College's pre- 
payment requirements. Two agents have been appointed to process de- 
ferred payment applications for Lebanon Valley College: 

Academic Management Services Knight Insurance Agency, Inc. 
Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 Boston, Massachusetts 02108 

Phone: 1-800-556-6684 Phone: 1-800-225-6783 

The College has no financial interest in either of these plans and offers 
them as a convenience to students and parents. Students who are receiv- 
ing monthly Social Security or Veteran's Education Benefits may defer 
the amount covered by these benefits. 



Continuing Education 

Lebanon Valley College's Program for Adult Learners offers credit pro- 
grams on four levels: certificate, associate, baccalaureate, and diploma. 
Certificates are starter programs that approximate the beginning of a 
four-year college experience, ideal spring-boards from which to go on for 
an associate or bachelor's degree. Diploma programs are intended for 
persons who have already been awarded a bachelor's degree in one disci- 
pline and desire to study another discipline in some depth and breadth. 

A second bachelor's degree may be awarded adult students who already 
have received a bachelor of arts or sciences from LVC or another accred- 
ited college or university. In such cases, students only must complete the 
major requirements for the second degree or a minimum of thirty credits, 
whichever is greater. 

Courses in the Program for Adult Learners are offered on the Annville 
campus in evenings, on weekends and in summer sessions. Evening and 
weekend courses also are being taught currently in Harrisburg and Mt. 
Gretna and at Fort Indiantown Gap. 

The Program for Adult Learners publishes continuing education course 
schedules twice yearly in June and October. The summer session schedule 
is distributed annually in February. To obtain copies of course schedules 
or get detailed information on all academic programs for adults call 717- 
867-6213 or write Continuing Education Office, Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, PA 17003-0501. If you wish to have a session with a counselor 
call 717-867-6205. 

A candidate for admission to any of Lebanon Valley College's Programs 
for Adult Learners must submit a completed application form with the 
required application fee. An official high school transcript is required. 
Adult students planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley also must submit 
official transcripts of any completed college or university courses. Offi- 
cial transcripts relating to military or business courses also may prove to 
be useful. Personal interviews are not required, but are strongly recom- 
mended. To arrange an admissions interview call 717-867-6205. Decisions 
on all adult student applications usually are made within one month after 
the last required transcript is received. 



10 



ACADEMIC REGULATIONS 
AND PROCEDURES 



Attendance at LVC is a privilege not a right. To provide the necessary 
atmosphere in which teaching and learning can occur, the College expects 
that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted stan- 
dards. The College has the right to require the withdrawal of any student 
whose actions are inimical to the purposes of the institution. The follow- 
ing academic regulations are announcements and do not constitute a 
contract between the student and the College. The College reserves the 
right to change these regulations and procedures as it deems necessary 
for the accomplishment of its purposes, but wherever possible a student 
will proceed to graduation under the regulations in effect at the time of 
his/her entrance at the College. 

Degrees 

Baccalaureate Degrees 

Lebanon Valley College confers five baccalaureate degrees: Bachelor of 
Arts for students completing requirements in the following major pro- 
grams: English, foreign language, French, general studies, German, his- 
tory, music, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, sociology, 
Spanish and certain individualized majors. 

Bachelor of Science for students completing requirements in the following 
major programs: accounting, actuarial science, administration for health 
care professionals, biochemistry, biology, chemistry, computer informa- 
tion systems, computer science, cooperative engineering, cooperative 
forestry, economics, elementary education, general studies, hotel manage- 
ment, international business, management, mathematics, music educa- 
tion, physics, psychobiology, social service and certain individualized 
majors. Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science in Medical 
Technology, Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music in Sacred Music, and 
Bachelor of Music in Sound Recording Technology for students complet- 
ing requirements for the appropriate major program. 

Associate Degrees 

The College confers the Associate of Arts or the Associate of Science on 
students who have completed the requirements in the general studies 
program. 



11 



Academic Procedures 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full time, a student must take at least twelve credit 
hours of work in a semester. Seventeen credit hours of academic work is 
the maximum permitted without approval of the student's advisor and 
permission of the Registrar. Audited courses are counted in determining 
the course load, but physical education, and music organizations are not. 
To be permitted to take more than 17 credits the student should have a 
cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher, or be enrolled in the 
Honors Program, or be a senior. Students will pay the prevailing tuition 
rate for each credit hour beyond 17 (not counting physical education and 
music organizations). 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another 
accredited institution shall send an official transcript to the Dean of 
Admissions. If requested, the student must provide copies of the 
appropriate catalogs for the years of attendance at the other institution 
or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided the grades are C- (1.7) or 
better and the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon 
Valley College. Grades thus transferred count for credit hours only, not 
for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally 
accredited college can be admitted with full acceptance of coursework at 
the previously attended institution. Coursework in the major field, 
however, for which the applicant has received a D will not be counted 
toward fulfilling the major requirement. 

Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration 
of full acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the 
understanding that the candidate has followed a basic course of study 
compatible with the curriculum and academic programs of the College 
and has been enrolled in a transfer program. 

Registration and Preregistration 

Students are required to register for courses on designated days of each 
semester; these dates are listed in the official college calendar. Students 
who register later than the designated times will be charged a fee. 
Students desiring to register later than one week after the opening of the 
semester will be admitted only be special permission of the Registrar. 

12 



Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, changes of course 
hours credit, changes from credit to audit and vice versa, must be 
approved by signature of the advisor. In most instances registration for a 
course will not be permitted after the course has been in session for one 
full week. With the permission of the advisor, a student may withdraw 
from a course at any time through the last day of semester classes (see 
grading policy). A fee is charged for every change of course made at the 
student's request after Add/Drop Day. 

Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with the approval of their 
academic advisor. Audited courses are counted in considering the course 
load relative to the limit of hours. No grade or credit is given for an 
audited course, but the registrar will record the audit on the transcript if 
the student attends regularly. A change of registration from credit to 
audit or from audit to credit must be accomplished by the end of the 
eighth week of semester classes. 

Pass/Fail 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 credit hours) a student may elect 
to take up to two courses per semester and one per summer session on a 
pass/fail basis; however, six such courses can be counted toward 
graduation requirements. No courses taken pass/fail may be used to meet 
either general education, major course area requirements, or pre- or 
co-requisites for classes. A student may select or cancel a pass/fail 
registration any time during the first eight weeks of a semester. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student may repeat as often as desired, for a higher grade, a previously 
taken course, subject to the following provisions: the course must have 
been taken in all registrations on campus and/or in courses staffed by 
the College at the University Center at Harrisburg. Semester hours credit 
are given only once. The grade received each time taken is computed in 
the semester grade point average. Each semester grade report will show 
hours credit each time passed, but the total hours toward a degree will be 
equal only to the semester hours credit for the course. For a course 
previously passed P/F, the grade received in the subsequent registration 
for regular grade is the "higher grade." Each grade received remains on 
the permanent record card and a notation is made thereon that the course 
has been repeated. 



13 



Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry 
courses concurrently at any other institution or in Weekend College or 
the University Center at Harrisburg without prior consent of his or her 
advisor and the Registrar. 

External Summer Courses 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for 
the courses taken during the summer in another college, unless such 
courses have prior approval of his advisor and the Registrar. 

Attendance Policy 

Each student is responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements for 
each course, including regular class attendance. At the opening of each 
course the instructor shall clearly inform the students of class attendance 
regulations. Violations of those regulations will make the student liable 
to being dropped from the course. Upon the recommendation of the 
instructor and the approval of the Registrar a grade of W will be 
assigned during the eight weeks of the semester, and an F will be assigned 
after that date. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the necessity of fulfilling 
all course requirements. 

Credit by Examination and 
Life Experience 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes the ability of superior students to 
master specific areas of study on their own initiative and provides 
programs to allow these students the opportunity to gain credit. Any 
regularly matriculated student, in an approved degree program, may earn 
a maximum of 30 credits toward a bachelor's degree or a maximum of 
15 credits toward an associate's degree through non-traditional means 
(experiential credit, advanced placement, CLEP, challenge examinations). 

Academic Policy on Challenge Exams 

Only the courses formally listed in the College curriculum may be 
challenged for credit. Full-time students should request challenge 
examinations through their academic advisors. Part-time students and 
those students enrolled through the continuing education program should 
make application for challenge exams through the Continuing Education 



14 



Office. All requests must be approved by the Registrar and the 
chairperson of the department in which the course is listed. 

Challenge exams are considered to be comprehensive examinations in the 
subject area and are graded Pass/Fail. The grading criteria for passing a 
challenge exam will be determined by each department. There is a fee for 
each challenge examination. This fee is for preparation and grading of 
the examination and is charged without regard to the test results. 

Challenge exams may not be taken by students who have received any 
grade in a course equivalent to or more advanced than the course for 
which the student is requesting credit by examination. Challenge exams 
may not be used for the purpose of acquiring credit for a course 
previously failed. Practicums, internships, seminars, research courses, 
independent study, and courses with required laboratory components are 
not subject to credit by examination. 

Advanced Placement 

Advanced Placement with credit in appropriate courses will be granted to 
entering students who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced 
Placement examinations. For scores of 3, final determination is made by 
the appropriate department. Advanced Placement without credit may be 
granted on the basis of the Achievement Tests of the College Board 
examinations or such other proficiency tests as may be determined by the 
Registrar and by the chairman of the department. 

CLEP (College Level Examination Program) 

Credit will be granted to those students who score well on CLEP 
examinations that are approved by the College. To receive credit, a 
student must score above the 50th percentile on the objective section and 
above a C, as determined by the appropriate academic department, on 
the essay section. 

A maximum of 6 credits will be awarded for each examination; of these 
credits, only 3 may be applied to the general education requirements, in 
the appropriate area. Credit is only granted to students who have 
matriculated at Lebanon Valley College. Requests for CLEP credit must 
be approved by the Registrar before the student has completed 30 credits 
in residence. 

Credit for Life Experience 

Lebanon Valley College provides for the awarding of undergraduate 
academic credit for knowledge acquired through non-academic experience 
in areas where the College offers instruction. The experience should bear 



15 



a direct relation to the material taught in a course in the College 
curriculum and should extend over a sufficient period to provide 
substantive knowledge in the relevant area. Regularly matriculated 
students who, in approved degree programs, believe they qualify for such 
credit may petition the appropriate department through their academic 
advisors. Students enrolled through the continuing education program 
must petition through the Continuing Education Office. This petition 
must (1) detail the experience in question, (2) provide appropriate 
supporting evidence, (3) note the equivalent College course by department 
and number, and (4) state the number of credit hours sought. The 
appropriate department will consult with the academic advisor or the 
Continuing Education Office to determine the best means (interview, 
examination, portfolio, etc.) for evaluating the experience. 

Approval of experiential credit for full-time students must be made in 
writing over the signatures of the academic advisor, the appropriate 
department chairperson, and the Dean of the Faculty. Approval of 
experiential credit for students enrolled through the continuing education 
program must be made in writing over the signatures of the Dean of 
Continuing Education, the appropriate department chairperson, and the 
Dean of the Faculty. 

Experiential credit cannot exceed six credit hours in one academic year 
and cannot exceed a maximum of twelve credit hours in the degree 
program. 

Grading Systems and Grade Point Averages 

Student work is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior 
work), C (satisfactory achievement), D (requirements and standards met 
at a minimum level), F (course requirements not met). For each credit 
hour in a course in which a student is graded A, he receives 4.0 quality 
points; A-, 3.7; B+, 3.3; B, 3.0; B-, 2.7; and so on. F carries no credit 
or quality points, but grades of F are used in calculating the grade point 
averages. The cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing 
the quality points by the credit hours completed. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 
1.75, and a major grade point average of 2.0. Only grades in courses 
taken at Lebanon Valley College, at the University Center in Harrisburg, 
or through the Germantown Metropolitan Semester and the LVC- 
Washington Semester programs are used to determine grade point aver- 
ages. 



16 



A student may not take a course that has a prerequisite course he has 
failed. 

In addition to the above grades the symbols I, W, WP, and WF are used. 
I indicates that the work is incomplete (certain required work postponed 
by the student for substantial reason with the prior consent of the in- 
structor), but otherwise satisfactory. This work must be completed within 
the first eight weeks of the next semester, or the I will be changed to an 
F. Appeals for an extension of time must be presented to the Registrar by 
the first week of the next semester. W indicates withdrawal from a course 
through the eighth week of semester classes. In case of withdrawal from 
a course thereafter through the last day of semester classes, the symbol 
WP is used if the work has been satisfactory, and WF if unsatisfactory. 
The grade of WF is calculated as an F in the grade point averages. For 
physical education a grade of either S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory) 
is recorded. 

Once a grade has been recorded it may not be changed without the ap- 
proval of the instructor and the Registrar. Students who feel the grade 
may be inaccurate should contact the instructor at once, but in no case 
later than the end of the semester following the course in question. 

Academic and Graduation Honors 

The Dean's List 

Students achieving a 3.40 grade point average while carrying at least 12 
credit hours for grade will be named to the Dean's List at the end of 
each semester. 

Graduation Honors 

After completing a minimum of 60 credit hours of in-residence work a 
student may qualify for graduation honors. The honors to be conferred 
are Summa Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.75 - 4.0, Magna 
Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.60 - 3.74, and Cum Laude for 
grade point averages of 3.40 - 3.59. 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 

Students graduating with grade point averages of 3.50 are eligible for 
induction into Phi Alpha Epsilon. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Instances of open and conclusive academic dishonesty are dealt with in 
accordance with the following regulations: for the first offense the 



17 



faculty member shall have the authority to fail the student in the course; 
for the second offense the student shall be failed in the course and 
additional action taken, up to and including expulsion from the College, 
if deemed warranted by the Dean of the Faculty; for the third offense, if 
the second act of dishonesty did not warrant expulsion in the opinion of 
the Dean of the Faculty, the student shall be failed in the course and 
expelled from the College. 

Probation and Suspension 

A student can be placed on academic probation, suspended or dismissed 
if his academic standing fails to come up to the grade point average 
shown in the following table: 







Suspension or 




Probation 


Dismissal 


1st semester 


1.25 




2nd semester 


1.50 


1.25 cumulative 


3rd semester 


1.65 




4th semester 


1.75 


1.50 cumulative 


5th semester 


1.75 




6th semester 


1.75 


1.65 cumulative 


7th semester 


1.75 


in all courses 


8th semester 


1.75 





A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the 
Dean of the Faculty and informed of the College regulations governing 
probationers. Students on probation are expected to regulate their work 
and their time in a most determined effort to bring their performances 
up to the required standard. A student on probation who desires to begin 
a new activity or continue in an activity already begun, shall submit an 
appeal to the Vice President for Student Affairs. After consultation with 
the student's major advisor and parents, the Vice President for Student 
Affairs will render a binding decision. 

A student suspended for academic reasons normally is not eligible for 
reinstatement for one semester. A student seeking reinstatement must 
petition in writing to the Dean of the Faculty. 

A student twice suspended shall be considered for readmission only after 
completing appropriate academic work at an accredited college. 



18 



Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

To withdraw from College a student must complete an official withdrawal 
form obtained from the Registrar. To apply for readmission a student 
must write to the Dean of the Faculty. 

Veterans' Services 

Veterans who are eligible to receive educational benefits must report their 
enrollment to the Registrar after they register for each semester or sum- 
mer session. The Registrar will then submit certification to the Veterans 
Administration. 

Veterans who are attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time 
must complete the appropriate forms in the Registrar's Office before 
certification will be sent to the Veterans Administration. 

Veterans with questions about the College or their status with the College 
should contact the Registrar. 

Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges 

Lebanon Valley College has been designated as an institutional member 
of Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges (SOC), a group of over 400 col- 
leges providing postsecondary education to members throughout the 
world. As an SOC member, Lebanon Valley College recognizes the 
unique nature of the military lifestyle and has committed itself to easing 
the transfer of relevant course credits, providing flexible residency re- 
quirements, and crediting learning from appropriate military training and 
experiences. 

Teacher Certification for Non-Matriculated Students 

Lebanon Valley College offers teacher certification to a variety of special 
students. Students with degrees from other colleges, or teachers seeking 
certification in other fields, or Lebanon Valley College alumni seeking 
certification for the first time may receive certification. All students must 
present official transcripts of college work, or their previous teacher certi- 
fication to the Office of the Registrar. The Education Department, the 
Registrar and the appropriate academic department will evaluate the 
record and recommend the appropriate course of action. A fee will be 
charged for this service. 

19 



Off-Campus Programs 

The College offers several off-campus experiences for which students 
may register and receive credit. 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 

This is one-semester program of a pre-professional internship and aca- 
demic seminars relating to the city. The program is sponsored through 
the Metropolitan Collegiate Center of Germantown, Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania. 

Internships are available in a diverse range of social service, mental 
health, law, research and other agencies. Information is available from 
the Department of Sociology. 

Study Abroad 

Students have opportunity for study abroad through the College's mem- 
bership in the International Student Exchange Program, which consists 
of a network of more than 150 colleges and universities in 24 countries. 
Details are available from the Dean of the Faculty. The College also as- 
sists students in locating and gaining admission to other foreign study 
programs; however participation in programs other than the International 
Student Exchange Program may affect the level of financial aid provided. 
In all cases, the proposed course of study must be approved by the ap- 
propriate department chairperson and the Registrar. 

Washington Semester Program 

Juniors and seniors in any major field who have at least a 2.5 grade 
point average, and have had basic courses in American national govern- 
ment and are properly recommended are eligible to participate in this 
program. We offer this program in cooperation with The American Uni- 
versity in Washington, DC. Information is available from the chairperson 
of the Department of History and Political Science. 



20 



ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

General Education Program and Requirements 

Through the General Education Program the College most directly ex- 
presses its commitment to the ideal of liberal education which underlies 
its statement of purpose. The Program consists of three elements: Lead- 
ership Studies, the Core, and distributive Requirements. The program's 
chief goals are to provide the essential foundation for the growth of 
knowledge and for making the connections between experience and learn- 
ing. All degree students must complete the program outlined below. 

Leadership 

In keeping with its commitment to fostering an understanding and en- 
hancing the development of leadership the College requires all students to 
complete successfully a course in this area. 

Area 1. Leadership Studies. 3 credit hours. To introduce all students to 
theories of leadership and to analyze practical applications of those theo- 
ries. LC 100 or LC 111 (for Leadership Award students and other stu- 
dents as approved by the Director of Leadership Programs) or HC 202 
(for Leadership Award students who are also Honors Program students). 

Core 

The College requires that all students successfully complete the following 
interdisciplinary courses. 

GE 120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of 
how life in the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical 
developments in Europe and America, including the growth of science, 
the rise of national states, social classes and values, and changing views 
of the world. 3 credits. 

GE 140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human 
behavior. The nature and definition of culture. The biological and social 
sources of culture. Culture, language, personality. The impact of culture 
on social life and on the individual; examples from Western and non- 
Western sources. 3 credits. 

GE 160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrela- 
tionships among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus 



21 



content. Art as the product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 
credits. 

Distributive Requirements 

By requiring students to study a variety of academic areas the distribu- 
tion requirement encourages each student to acquire an understanding of 
the broad spectrum of ideas and patterns of thinking that constitute the 
liberal arts. No course taken pass/fail or required for the first major may 
be used to meet the distribution requirement. Mathematics and computer 
science majors are exempt from the requirements of Area 3. 

Area 2. Communications. 6 credit hours. To develop effective speaking 
and writing skills. Two sequential courses in English composition. EN 
111, 112; or HC 201. 

Area 3. Mathematics and Computers. 3-6 credit hours. To understand 
mathematics as a way of thinking and as a tool for problem solving. One 
integrated mathematics/computer course (MA 100) or one mathematics 
course and one computer course. Eligible courses are CS 147 or 170 plus 
one from MA 111, 150, 160, 161,170. MA 100 fulfills entire requirement. 

Area 4. Foreign Language. 6 credit hours. To gain perspective on the 

role of language in human affairs. Two sequential courses in a foreign 

language (or exemption by examination). All foreign language courses 

numbered 101, 102,201,202 are eligible. 

Area 5. Historical and Cultural Contexts. 6 credit hours. To establish 

and explore the nature of human society. GE 120 and GE 140; or HC 

202. 

Area 6. Science and Technology. To discover scientific principles and 
discuss related moral and ethical questions. Two laboratory courses in 
biology, chemistry, physics or psychology (the two courses need not be in 
the same science). Eligible courses are BI 101,102,111,112, CH 100,111, 
112,113,114, PHY 100,103,104,111,112, or PSY 120. 

Area 7. Aesthetic Experience. 6 credit hours. To learn to appreciate 
works of art and gain insight into creative process. GE 160 and one 
course in art, music or literature. Eligible courses are AR 110,201,203, 
EN 200,227,228, FR 311,312, GER 311,312, MU 100,341,342, SP 
311,312; or HC 204. 

Area 8. Values, Persons and World Views. 6 credit hours. To explore 
the relationship between world views and value systems. Two courses in 



22 



religion or philosophy (the two courses need not be in the same disci- 
pline). PH 110, 220,230,240, RE 110,111,112,120,140,222; or HC 203. 

Area 9. Physical Activity. 2 credit hours. To develop an interest in phys- 
ical activity as a part of total fitness. Two courses in physical education 
involving conditioning or life-long sports. Any physical education course 
is eligible. 

The Leadership Program 

Leadership Studies are a vital component of the education of every Leba- 
non Valley College student. In addition to the stress on leadership in 
various disciplinary courses, an interdisciplinary course involving the 
study of leadership theories and processes (LC 100, LC 111, or HC 202) 
is required as part of the General Education program for all students. 
Beyond these basics, Lebanon Valley offers two advanced programs in 
Leadership studies. 

Leadership Studies Program for Presidential Leadership Award Recipi- 
ents is designed to provide a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of 
leadership, in both theory and application. This program consists of a 
four-course sequence spread over the four years of undergraduate study. 

A voluntary program in Leadership Studies is available to all students in 
the College who wish to continue their study of leadership, both to 
broaden their understanding of leadership theories and processes and to 
increase their self-awareness in their roles as leaders and followers. 

The Leadership Studies Program seeks to achieve the following outcomes 
for all participating students: 

1. An understanding of the most significant theories and models of 
leadership. 

2. Knowledge of how people in diverse social and cultural contexts 
have assumed leadership roles and performed as leaders. 

3. A critical awareness of how ethics and values help determine 
whether responsible leadership or mere manipulation (the irrespon- 
sible use of power and authority) will occur. 

4. Increased self-awareness and understanding of how a person's be- 
havior affects relationships with others in leader/follower situa- 
tions. 

5. Awareness and appreciation of the responsibilities and difficulties 
inherent in leadership. 



23 



6. Enhanced potential to assume a role as leader or responsible fol- 
lower within a group, organization or community. 

Leadership Studies Program for Presidential Leadership 

Award Recipients 

LC 111, or HC 202; RE 222 (Christian Ethics) or PH 220 (Ethics); LC 
350 and LC 400. 

Leadership Studies Voluntary Program 

LC 100 or 111 or HC 202; one course in communications: (EN 210 or 
218); one course in organizational leadership (MG 330 or PSY 337 or SO 
340); LC 330, 350 and 400. 

Leadership Studies Courses 

100,111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. Theories 
and concepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their practi- 
cal applications. Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, 
communication skills, conflicts resolution, motivation, decision making, 
and values clarification and ethics. 3 credits. 

330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of 
the ethical and valuational questions which reside at the core of both 
leadership and leadership theories. Prerequisite: LC 100 or 111. 3 credits. 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership 
as exemplified in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other 
cultures and assessment of the student's own leadership style are also 
included. Prerequisite: LC 100 or 111. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LC 100 or 111. 3-15 credits. 
Faculty: 

Carolyn R. Hanes, Associate Professor of Sociology and Leadership 
Studies. Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. See Department of Sociol- 
ogy and Social Service. 

Leon E. Markowicz, Professor of Leadership Studies. Ph.D., University 
of Pennsylvania. He teaches courses in the Leadership Studies Program 



24 



and assists in developing and coordinating Leadership internships. He 
serves local business as communications consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a 
Fellow of Pennsylvania Writing Project and is active in the Lancaster- 
Lebanon Writing Council. 

Warren K.A. Thompson, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Leader- 
ship Studies. Director, Leadership Studies Program. M.A., University of 
Texas. See Department of Religion and Philosophy. 

In addition to the appointed faculty, leadership studies courses are of- 
fered by other faculty members drawn from various disciplines within the 
College. 

Honors Program 

The honors program is designed for superior students who are keenly 
motivated to expand their intellectual horizons, develop their originality 
and curiosity, and challenge their intellectual abilities. 

The program seeks to sharpen critical and analytical thinking, develop 
verbal and written expression, encourage intellectual independence, and 
foster sensitive and informed investigation of human values. 

To achieve these goals, the program offers a demanding, stimulating and 
integrated alternative to the general requirements of the College. 

Entering students and first semester freshman are selected on the basis of 
interviews and scholastic records. 

Requirements: Students graduate with college honors after they have 
completed the honors program with a 3.0 grade point average or better 
overall in the honors courses. 

Honors Courses 

201. Honors Communication. Writing and speaking clear, grammatical 
and articulate English. Listening and reading well. Searching information 
sources and applying those sources ethically. Analyzing and drawing con- 
clusions. 3 credits. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of 
society, their origins, and their impact upon human values. Emphasis on 
the interaction of the individual and the socio-cultural environment. Eval- 
uation of the approaches of the various social sciences. 6 credits. 



25 



203. Human Existence and Transcendence. A close examination of ques- 
tions and issues pertaining to human existence and the ways in which 
mankind has attempted, religiously and philosophically, to rise above the 
conditions of human existence. This course seeks to describe and examine 
the commonalties and differences between religion and philosophy as 
each discipline addresses itself to existence and transcendence. 6 credits. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, mu- 
sic, and plastic art, designed to acquaint students with functions, values, 
and aesthetic and cultural contexts of art, as well as to enhance their 
responses to art works. 6 credits. 

Honors Seminars 

The honors seminars are intensive studies of topics offered for junior 
and senior honors students. The honors students choose the topics for 
the seminars, help select the instructors and assist in the design of the 
seminars with the instructors. Each participant in the honors program 
shall complete two honors seminars. 

Honors Independent Study 

An independent study project, the capstone of the honors program, pro- 
vides the opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the 
student's own design. The project, overseen by a faculty member, must 
be approved by the honors director. When acceptable to an academic 
department such independent study may serve as the basis for departmen- 
tal honors. Upon completion, the project will be presented publicly. 3 
credits. 

Graduation Requirements 

In addition to the honors program and major requirements, honors stu- 
dents take: two one-semester courses in science; two sequential courses in 
a foreign language or exemption by examination; a one-semester inte- 
grated course in mathematics and computer science (MA 100) and two 
courses in physical education. 

Departmental Honors 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors 
work during the junior and senior years. For specific information, inter- 
ested students should contact the appropriate department chairperson. 



26 



Generally, departmental honors consists of a reading and/or research 
project producing a thesis or essay. This project is undertaken on a sub- 
ject of the student's own choosing under the supervision of a faculty 
advisor. Opportunity also exists to do creative work. A maximum of 9 
hours credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

Department Of Art 

The Art Department, through course work and the minor program, pro- 
vides an opportunity for creative expression and a richer understanding 
of accomplishments in the visual arts. 

No major is offered in Art. For the minor and course descriptions, see 
page 62. 

Faculty: 

Richard A. Iskowitz, Associate Professor of Art. Chairman. M.F.A., 
Kent State University. He teaches in both history and studio areas, and is 
director of the college center art exhibits. Professor Iskowitz' special 
interest is photography and his work is frequently exhibited in juried 
competition. 

Marie F. Riegle, Lecturer in Art, M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State Univer- 
sity. Her teaching interests are art history, printmaking, painting and 
drawing. 

Donald Winer, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Art, M.A.F.A., University 
of Missouri. Mr. Winer is curator of The Pennsylvania Collection of Fine 
Arts, William Penn Museum. His teaching specialties include art history 
especially Pennsylvania arts and crafts. 

R. Gordon Wise, Adjunct Professor of Art, Ed.D., University of Mis- 
souri. Dr. Wise is a Professor of Art at Millersville University and spe- 
cializes in art education. 

Department Of Biology 

The aims of the program for biology majors are: (1) to provide a thor- 
ough understanding of the principles of biology and background in disci- 
plines basic to biology; (2) to develop skills in the application of the sci- 
entific method and in the retrieval and communication of technical 
information; and (3) to train students for employment at the baccalaure- 



27 



ate level and to provide preparation for those interested in graduate, 
professional and medical programs. 

The department offers a major program in biology, and joint majors in 
biochemistry and psychobiology. For the major and course descriptions 
in biology, see page 64. For those in psychobiology, see page 114. For 
those in biochemistry, see page 63. 

Cooperative Programs 

Forestry and Environmental Studies 

Students completing a three-year program at Lebanon Valley College 
studying the liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry and 
environmental sciences may apply for admission to the cooperative 
forestry program with Duke University. Upon completion of the first 
year of the two-year (plus one summer) program at Duke University, the 
student will receive the Bachelor of Science degree from Lebanon Valley 
College. After completion of the program at Duke, the student will 
receive the professional degree of Master of Forestry (M.F) or Master of 
Environmental Management (M.E.M.) from Duke University. Students 
may major in biology, economics, political science, or mathematics at 
Lebanon Valley College. 

For specific program requirements in forestry, see page 79. For those in 
environmental studies, see page 78. 

Medical Technology and Nuclear Medicine Technology 

The College has its own major in medical technology. The student takes 
three years of courses to fulfill the requirements of the College and of 
the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences. Before 
or during the third year of the program, a student applies to a hospital 
with a CAHEA approved school of medical technology where he/she 
spends the fourth year in training. Admission is not automatic and de- 
pends upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. 
Upon satisfactorily completing the clinical year, the student is awarded 
the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon 
Valley College. The College is affiliated with the following hospitals: 
Sacred Heart Hospital (in Allentown), Harrisburg Hospital, Polyclinic 
Medical Center of Harrisburg, Jersey Shore Medical Center-Fitkin Hospi- 
tal, Lancaster General Hospital, and Reading Hospital and Medical Cen- 
ter. However, the student is not limited to these affiliations and may seek 
acceptance at other approved hospitals. (Refer to the Allied Health Sci- 
ences section for additional programs in medical technology.) 

28 



The College offers a program for students interested in nuclear medicine 
technology ("3 + 1"). The College is affiliated with the schools of nu- 
clear medicine technology at the University of Virginia Medical Center 
and J.F. Kennedy Medical Center, Edison, NJ. Admission is not auto- 
matic and depends upon the academic record, recommendations and an 
interview. Application may also be made to other accredited programs. 
Upon successful completion of the program, students are awarded the 
baccalaureate degree by Lebanon Valley College. 

Allied Health Sciences 

The College maintains a cooperative program ("2 + 2") with Thomas 
Jefferson University in Philadelphia, PA for students interested in nurs- 
ing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, dental hygiene, radiologic 
technology, diagnostic medical sonography, cytotechnology, and medical 
technology. Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley College taking 
required courses in the basic sciences and other areas. During the second 
year, application is made to Thomas Jefferson University where the stu- 
dents take courses in their area of specialty. Admission to the Jefferson 
phase of the program is not automatic and depends upon grades, recom- 
mendations, and an interview. Upon successful completion of the pro- 
gram, the student is awarded the baccalaureate degree from Thomas 
Jefferson University. 

The College also maintains a cooperative program with Hahnemann Uni- 
versity in Philadelphia for students interested in medical technology ("2 
+ 3"). The student spends two years at Lebanon Valley College and 
three years at Hahnemann University. Admissions procedures are similar 
to those described above. Upon successful completion of this program, 
the student is awarded the baccalaureate degree from Hahnemann Uni- 
versity. 

Faculty: 

Dale J. Erskine, Assistant Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of 
Oklahoma. He teaches animal physiology, introduction to immunology, 
human biology, and participates in general biology. He believes in expos- 
ing his students to a wide range of laboratory experiences including mod- 
ern instrumentation and computer-assisted data collection. His research 
interests are in temperature regulation and thermal tolerance, heat energy 
budgets, and computer analysis and simulation of animal-environment 
interactions. He is also director of the College Honors Program and the 
Summer Youth Scholars Institute. 



29 



Sidney Pollack, Associate Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of 
Pennsylvania. He teaches courses in genetics, microbiology, human biol- 
ogy, and general biology. He is the academic advisor for students prepar- 
ing for the allied health professions. His research interests include Para- 
mecium genetics. 

Susan Verhoek, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., Cornell University. She 
teaches plant form and function at the general biology level, and on 
form, interrelationships and systematics of non-vascular and vascular 
plants at the advanced level. Her research is on the pollination biology 
and systematics of members of the Agave family. A past president of the 
Society for Economic Botany, she has a long standing interest in the in- 
teractions of plants and humans; and, as author of a field identification 
book, a continuing interest in plants that flower in the spring. 
Stephen E. Williams, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., Washington Univer- 
sity, St. Louis. He teaches molecular biology, plant physiology and the 
biochemical portions of general biology. He is a plant and cell physiolo- 
gist who, working together with LVC students and scientists at other 
institutions, has made most of the major contributions to the understand- 
ing of the physiology of carnivorous plants during the past twenty years, 
including the discovery of the mechanism of Venus' flytrap closure. He 
has five years of experience automating laboratory instruments with mi- 
crocomputers and manages a project at Lebanon Valley College in this 
area. 

Paul L. Wolf, Professor of Biology. Chairman. Ph.D., University of 
Delaware. He teaches courses in general biology, comparative vertebrate 
anatomy, and ecology. His research interest focus on the ecology of wet- 
lands with particular emphasis on the saltmarshes of Eastern United 
States and Nova Scotia. He also holds the position of Adjunct Professor 
of Marine Biology in the College of Marine Studies, University of Dela- 
ware. 

Allan F. Wolfe, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of Vermont. He 
teaches comparative histology, developmental biology, invertebrate zool- 
ogy, general biology, parasitology, and directs independent study in cell 
biology using electron microscopic and histological techniques. His cur- 
rent research utilizes the brine shrimp, Artemia, to study the cell and 
tissue levels of organization of the digestive, reproductive, and neurosen- 
sory systems. 



30 



Anna F. Tilberg, Lecturer in Biology, B.A., University of Pennsylvania. 
She is on the staff of the Milton Hershey Medical Center and teaches 
introductory biology. 

Department Of Chemistry 

Chemistry is the "central science" that provides the fundamental under- 
standing needed for protecting our environment, maximizing the yield 
from limited natural resources, improving our health, and creating new 
materials for tomorrow's products. Indeed, chemistry is essential to un- 
derstanding life itself. 

Career opportunities in chemistry are numerous and diverse. Many stu- 
dents enter industrial or governmental laboratories where they find posi- 
tions in environmental analysis, quality control, or research and develop- 
ment. Possibilities outside of the laboratory include teaching, sales, 
marketing, technical writing, business, and law. Many chemistry students 
continue their education in graduate school in chemistry or biochemistry, 
or in professional schools in the areas of medicine, dentistry, or veteri- 
nary medicine. 

At Lebanon Valley College the Department of Chemistry is located on 
the upper two floors of the new Garber Science Center. Major scientific 
equipment available to students includes a nuclear magnetic resonance 
spectrometer, a liquid scintillation counter, a fourier transform infrared 
spectrometer, a high performance liquid chromatographic system, a 
diode-array UV-visible spectrophotometer, and a gas chromatograph-mass 
spectrometer. Computers available to students in the department include 
Apple, Macintosh, and IBM-compatible machines. 

The Department encourages students to discover the excitement and chal- 
lenge of laboratory research. Research programs are conducted during 
both the academic year and the summer. Students are paid for summer 
research either from College funds or from grants that professors receive 
to support their projects. 

Two degrees are available to those interested in chemistry, and one for 
those interested in biochemistry. The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is 
the more demanding of the two degrees in chemistry, and is recognized 
by the American Chemical Society. This degree has a required research 
component and is recommended for students who wish to become prac- 
ticing chemists or enroll in graduate school. Other students opt for the 
standard Bachelor of Science degree, majoring in chemistry. 



31 



For the major programs and course descriptions in chemistry, see page 
67. 

The major in biochemistry is offered jointly with the Biology department. 
For the major program and course descriptions in biochemistry, see page 
63. 

Faculty: 

Richard D. Cornelius, Professor of Chemistry. Chairman. Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Iowa; postdoctoral research, University of Wisconsin. Inorganic 
Chemistry. Professor Cornelius works at the border of inorganic chemis- 
try and biochemistry. He has interests both in the fundamental mecha- 
nisms of phosphoryl transfer reactions and in the development of plati- 
num compounds that hold promise for anti-cancer activity. He and his 
students synthesize new compounds containing phosphates and study the 
rates of reactions of these compounds. Studying the nature of the new 
compounds provides insight into the manner in which enzymes catalyze 
related reactions in nature. He also has earned a national reputation for 
his work with computers in chemical education. 

Donald B. Dahlberg, Associate Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., Cornell 
University; postdoctoral work, University of Toronto. Physical chemistry. 
Dr. Dahlberg does research on the mechanism of elimination reactions in 
organic chemistry. An important question to be answered in mechanistic 
organic chemistry is when and how a reaction changes from a concerted 
mechanism to a multistep mechanism. Does one mechanism evolve into 
another as the substrate is modified, or do two distinct pathways exist at 
all times where each substrate chooses the path of lowest energy? He is 
also interested in applying the most recent developments in computers 
and electronics to the construction of chemical instrumentation. 

Owen A. Moe, Jr., Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., Purdue University 
postdoctoral study, Cornell University. Biochemistry. Professor Moe is 
interested in applying the array of new techniques in biotechnology to 
practical problems. He is currently working on the use of immobilized 
enzymes for the synthesis of bio-organic compounds. Processes that he is 
developing are designed to use stable, inexpensive polyphosphates for the 
regeneration of ATP. ATP regeneration is a required, but currently an 
expensive, step in the use of enzyme reactors for organic synthesis. 

Victoria C. Ukachukwu, Assistant Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., Geor- 
gia Institute of Technology; postdoctoral research, University of Mary- 
land. Organic Chemistry. Professor Ukachukwu is interested in the devel- 

32 



opment of new synthetic methods and reagents in organic chemistry. Of 
immediate interest is the chemistry of allene oxides and their synthetic 
potential as versatile reagents for the formation of carbocyclic com- 
pounds. 

Wilmer G. Nolt, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Chemistry, M.Ed., Uni- 
versity of Delaware. Mr. Nolt's teaching interest is introductory chemis- 
try. 

Department Of Education 

The Department of Education prepares students for both elementary and 
secondary teaching. 

The Education Department is committed to preparing elementary educa- 
tion majors who have a thorough grounding in the disciplines they will 
teach within the context of a strong liberal arts foundation. The program 
includes intensive training in the content and methodologies of all ele- 
mentary school subjects. 

The field-centered component in the program provides extensive and 
carefully sequenced opportunities to work with teachers and children in a 
variety of school settings during all four years of preparation for teach- 
ing. Majors spend an average of two hours per week each semester in 
various public school classrooms, observing teachers and children, aiding, 
tutoring, providing small-group and whole-class instruction, and complet- 
ing tasks on increasingly challenging levels of involvement. Seniors spend 
the fall semester in full-time student teaching with cooperating teachers 
who have been carefully chosen for that role. Additional opportunities 
are provided for our students to work in nursery schools, day care cen- 
ters, Head Start programs, middle schools, and in classes for exceptional 
children. 

Students pursuing secondary teacher certification are prepared for teach- 
ing by completing an intensive program in the departmental major(s) of 
their choice in conjunction with a carefully sequenced professional educa- 
tion component within the Education Department. Both the major pro- 
gram and the professional education component are completed within the 
context of a strong foundation in the liberal arts. 

Departmental majors may seek certification in biology, chemistry, En- 
glish, French, German, Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies. 

Opportunities are provided candidates to observe and to teach in junior 
high and high school settings prior to the full-time student teaching se- 

33 



mester. Cooperating teachers are selected through a process involving 
college faculty, public school personnel, and the student teachers, thus 
assuring the most beneficial placements possible. 

Dual certification, at both the elementary and secondary levels, or in 
more than one secondary are, is possible; however, such certification 
requires meticulous attention to scheduling and often requires and addi- 
tional semester or two. 

Post-baccalaureate certification is also available for those who wish to 
become elementary school teachers or for those already certificated who 
want to add elementary education to an existing certificate. 

The Education Department is intent on preparing well-rounded and quali- 
fied graduates who will exercise genuinely professional and personal lead- 
ership roles in the schools and communities where they will work. 

The major and course descriptions in Elementary Education are on p. 74. 
The program and course description in Secondary Education are on p. 
121. The descriptions of courses in Education are on p. 73. 

Faculty: 

Madelyn J. Albrecht, Associate Professor of Education. Ph.D., Michigan 
State University. She teaches courses in social, historical, and philosophi- 
cal foundations of education, curriculum and methods, educational psy- 
chology and cultural geography. She supervises student teachers. She is 
an active scholar in the field of teacher education and an advisor for 
professional programs leading to secondary teacher certification. 

Susan L. Atkinson, Assistant Professor of Education. Ed.D., Temple 
University. She teaches courses in mathematics, science and physical ge- 
ography, the language arts, early childhood education, and exceptional 
children. She supervises student teachers. She maintains special interest in 
multidisciplined curricula, classroom management and leadership strate- 
gies, teaching and learning modalities, library science, English as a Sec- 
ond Language, and exceptional children. 

Michael A. Grella, Associate Professor of Education. Chairman. Ed.D., 
West Virginia University. He teaches courses in children's literature, read- 
ing, the language arts, social studies, early childhood education, and 
exceptional children. He coordinates early field practice in the public 
schools and supervises student teachers. He serves as the department's 
chief liaison with public school personnel and with the Pennsylvania 



34 



Department of Education. He maintains a special interest in the acquisi- 
tion of literacy at the primary grade levels and in learning disabilities. 

Roy W. Allison, Adjunct Associate Professor of Education, D.Ed., The 
Pennsylvania State University. His teaching interests are mathematics 
education and science education. 

Department of English 

The major in English introduces students to the humanistic study of liter- 
ature or to the humanistic practice of writing. While English majors may 
choose to concentrate either in literature or communications, the basis 
for both concentrations is the systematic and analytic study of literature. 
All majors also learn clear, concise, and coherent expression as well as 
effective collection, organization, and presentation of material. Such 
study prepares the student for more advanced work in many fields. Grad- 
uates of the Department of English are prepared to work in such fields 
as journalism, teaching, editing, public relations, publishing, advertising, 
government, industry, the ministry, and law. 

The English department offers a major program with concentrations in 
literature and communications, as well as minors in both literature and 
communications. For program and course descriptions, see page 76. 

Faculty: 

Philip Billings, Professor of English. Ph.D. Michigan State University. 
He teaches courses in contemporary literature and Aesthetics as well as 
creative writing. His publications include poems in various magazines 
and a book of poems based on people living in the region. 

Phylis Dryden, Assistant Professor of English. D.A. State University of 
New York at Albany. She is a specialist in composition theory, linguistics, 
and American Studies and has experience in journalism and in industry. 
She publishes poetry, fiction, and non-fiction and has conducted poetry 
workshops as well as presented readings of her own poetry. 

Arthur L. Ford, Professor of English, Chairman. Ph.D. Bowling Green 
State University. He has published books on several American authors, 
including Thoreau and Creeley, as well as articles on composition theory 
and the computer in composition. A recent Fulbright lectureship in Syria 
has resulted in a project examining the use of Middle East images in 
Nineteenth Century American poetry. 



35 



John Kearney, Professor of English. Ph.D. University of Wisconsin. He 
is a Nineteenth Century British literature scholar, who also teaches techni- 
cal writing and directs the department internship program. 

Jacqueline Vivelo, Assistant Professor of English. M.A., University of 
Tennessee. She has worked as a technical writer and has published award- 
winning fiction for children. 

Glenn Woods, Associate Professor of English. M.Ed. Temple University. 
In addition to composition, his areas of interest include linguistics, 
speech, and the teaching of secondary English. 

Paul Baker, Lecturer in English. B.A. Lebanon Valley College. He is city 
editor of the Lebanon Daily News and teaches journalism. 

Marie Bongiovanni, Lecturer in English. M.B.A., Drexel University. Ex- 
perienced in journalism and business, she teaches management communi- 
cations. 

Robert M. Fisher, Lecturer in English, M.A., Shippensburg University. 
Mr. Fisher is director of public relations at Polyclinic Hospital. His 
teaching interests include communications and public relations. 

Richard J. Goedkoop, Adjunct Associate Professor of English, Ph.D., 
The Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Goedkoop's teaching speciality is 
mass communications. Currently he is researching the process and prod- 
uct of local television news reporting. 

Agnes O'Donnell, Professor Emerita of English. Ph.D. University of 
Pennsylvania. Recently retired, she teaches literature courses. 

Department Of Foreign Languages 

The study of a foreign language has three aims: to develop fluency in the 
basic communication skills, to provide an understanding of the cultural 
heritage of the people who use the language, and to understand language 
as the fundamental medium in which mankind thinks and interacts. 

The Department of Foreign Languages prepares the language major for a 
career in a variety of fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service, 
foreign trade, business and social service. For many of these careers the 
study of a foreign language is often combined with majors in other disci- 
plines. 

The Department encourages students to avail themselves of the College's 
opportunities for foreign travel and study, including the International 
Student Exchange Program. 



36 



The Department of Foreign Languages offers majors in French, German, 
and Spanish, and in Foreign Language, as well as minors in the three 
languages. In addition, coursework, but no major or minor, is offered in 
Greek. The department also offers the major in International Business 
jointly with the Management department. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in French are on page 79. 
Those in German are on page 82. Those in Spanish are on page 127. The 
major in Foreign Languages and the descriptions of general courses in 
foreign language are on page 78. The course descriptions in Greek are on 
page 84. The major in International Business is on page 90. 

Faculty: 

Beatrice Guenther, Instructor of French and German. B.A., University of 
Toronto; Ph.D cand., Princeton University. She teaches language, litera- 
ture and civilization courses at all levels in French and German. Her 
scholarly interests include critical theory and the poetics of death in nine- 
teenth and twentieth century French and German short fiction. 

Diane M. Iglesias, Professor of Spanish. Chairman. Ph.D., City Univer- 
sity of New York. She teaches courses in Spanish language, Spanish and 
Latin American culture, civilization and literature. She has presented 
research papers in medieval balladry and the theater of the Spanish 
Golden Age at scholarly conferences. Her current research is in the area 
of the modern Latin American novel. She is particularly interested in the 
concept of "magical realism" as it applies to the works of Gabriel Garcia 
Marquez. 

James W. Scott, Professor of German. Ph.D., Princeton University. He 
teaches the language, literature and culture of German speaking areas. 
One continuing scholarly interest is medieval hagiography. His recent 
research and writing has focused on contemporary German literature and 
film. Past summers have taken him to Bonn on a Fulbright grant, to the 
Carl Duisberg Institute to study business German and to Leipzig to at- 
tend a seminar on the German Democratic Republic. He serves as 
secretary-treasurer of the Central Pennsylvania Association of Teachers 
of German and coordinates their annual testing program for high school 
students. 

Julie Suris, Instructor of French and Spanish. M.A., University of Min- 
nesota; Ph.D. cand., Pennsylvania State University. (On leave, 1987-88.) 
She teaches language courses in French and Spanish, including business 
French and business Spanish, as well as literature courses in both lan- 

37 



guages. Her other teaching interests include the culture and civilization of 
French speaking and Spanish speaking countries and poetry, medieval to 
contemporary, in French and Spanish. Her scholarly interests are French 
and Spanish medieval literatures and philology. 

Department Of History, Political Science 
And Economics 

This department encompasses three disciplines, but each curriculum is 
distinct and taught separately. 

By examining human behavior in the past, the study of history can help 
people better understand themselves and others. Students of history also 
learn how to gather and analyze information and present their conclu- 
sions in clear, concise language. An undergraduate degree in history can 
lead to a career in teaching at the college or high school level, law, gov- 
ernment, politics, the ministry, museum or library work, journalism, or a 
number of other professions. Political science deals with the political 
behavior of individuals, groups, institutions, and nations. 

The economics program is designed to provide a sound and integrated 
knowledge of the essential principles and problems of economics within a 
broad liberal education. 

For the major, minor, and courses in economics, see page 71. For those 
in history, see page 86. For those in political science, see page 112. 

Faculty: 

Donna Anderson, Assistant Professor of Economics and Management. 
M.A., University of Colorado. She teaches principles of economics, pub- 
lic finance, and quantitative methods. Her research interests are in public 
policy and the labor market. 

James H. Broussard, Associate Professor of History, Chairman. Ph.D., 
Duke University. He teaches American history and historiography. His 
special interests are politics, the Jefferson- Jackson era, and the Civil War 
and tne South. 

D. Eugene Brown, Associate Professor of Political Science. Ph.D., State 
University of New York at Binghamton. He teaches principally in the 
area of international studies, including courses in U.S. foreign policy, 
international relations, comparative politics, and modern communism. 



38 



His research focuses on recent U.S. foreign policy. His publications in- 
clude a book on the foreign policy role of Senator J. William Fulbright. 

Richard A. Joyce, Assistant Professor of History. M.A., San Francisco 
State College. He teaches ancient, medieval, and modern European his- 
tory. He is particularly interested in social and intellectual history. 

John D. Norton, Professor of Political Science. Ph.D., American Univer- 
sity. He teaches courses in American government, constitutional law, 
political theory, and research methods. He is the pre-law advisor for the 
College. His professional and research interests are in the areas of Ameri- 
can Constitutionalism, United States defense and security policy, and 
political economy. 

C.F. Joseph Tom, Professor of Economics. Ph.D., University of Chi- 
cago. He teaches principles of economics, microeconomic analysis, 
money and banking, and international economics. His research interest is 
the application of BASIC programming to economic analysis. 

Howard L. Applegate, Adjunct Associate Professor of History, Dean of 
Continuing Education and Special Programs. Ph.D., Syracuse University. 
His areas of specialization include American military history, American 
business history, and American social and cultural history. Current re- 
search centers on the morale of American soldiers and the American 
automotive industry. 

Francis T. Deyo, Lecturer in Political Science, M.P.A., The Pennsylvania 
State University. His teaching speciality is public administration. 

John Abernathy Smith, Adjunct Associate Professor of History and 
Religion, Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University. His teaching interests 
are religious and cultural history. Dr. Smith currently is researching the 
history of United Methodist higher education. 

The Department Of Management 

The Department of Management offers several popular programs leading 
to the bachelor of science degree in accounting, hotel management, man- 
agement, and international business (coadvised with Foreign Languages 
Department). The Department also offers a minor in hotel management. 

The Department's programs are designed to provide students with a 
sound, integrated knowledge of accounting and management principles, 
and related courses from supporting disciplines. The Department's pro- 
grams are enhanced by the liberal arts and leadership studies core re- 



39 



quired of all LVC students, and by the extensive application of computers 
in relevant courses. This interdisciplinary knowledge base is essential for 
assuming leadership and management positions in the changing world of 
the 1980's and beyond. 

Management students are provided with a common body of knowledge in 
close conformity with the national standards for the study of business 
administration as recommended by the American Assembly of Collegiate 
Schools of Business. As a result, our graduates are well prepared for 
admittance to most M.B.A. programs. 

Opportunities are available for qualified and interested students to under- 
take an independent study project or an internship in consultation with a 
member of the Department faculty. 

The major and course descriptions in Accounting are on page 59; those 
in Hotel Management are on page 88; those in International Business are 
on page 90; and those in Management are on page 90. 

Faculty: 

Donna M. Anderson, Assistant Professor of Economics and Manage- 
ment. M.A., University of Colorado. See Department of History, Politi- 
cal Science and Economics. 

Richard B. Arnold, Assistant Professor of Management. M.B.A. , Buck- 
nell University, C.P.A. He has eleven years experience as chief financial 
officer of publicly held financial institutions, sits on several Pennsylvania 
Institute of Certified Public Accountants committees, and is active in 
volunteer consulting for not-for-profit organizations. Mr. Arnold teaches 
a variety of introductory and upper-level accounting courses. 

Sharon F. Clark, Assistant Professor of Management. Acting Chairman. 
J.D., University of Richmond. She has several years experience in private 
law practice and several years as a Supervisory Tax Attorney with the 
Internal Revenue Service. Dr. Clark teaches corporate income tax and a 
variety of management courses. 

Dennis Creeden, Instructor of Management. M.B.A., Pennsylvania State 
University. He has nine years experience as a business planner, including 
six years as a manager, on the corporate staff of two Fortune 250 compa- 
nies. Mr. Creeden teaches courses in microeconomics, computer applica- 
tions, and a variety of management courses. 

Gail Sanderson, Assistant Professor of Accounting. M.B.A., Boston 
University. She has professional experience in accounting (public and 
private sectors); income tax; computer systems analysis and design. 

40 



David S. Seitz, Assistant Professor of Accounting and Management. 
M.B.A., York College of Pennsylvania. He has been an accountant and 
controller for a variety of organizations in both the public and private 
sectors. Mr. Seitz's main interests are cost and management accounting, 
and organizational behavior. 

Larry R. Albright, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Hotel Management, 
A.D.S., Culinary Institute of America. His teaching interest is food and 
beverage management. 

David L. Broderic, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Health Care Manage- 
ment, M.B.A., University of Chicago. Mr. Broderic is President of Good 
Samaritan Hospital and specializes in teaching health care management. 

Paul E. Deysher, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management, M.Ed., 
Temple University. Mr. Deysher, a former division head in the Education 
and Training unit of AMP, Inc., specializes in supervisory management. 

Nelson L. Ebersole, Lecturer in Real Estate. Mr. Ebersole is a broker 
with Suburban Realty Company and past president of the Lebanon 
County Board of Realtors. He specializes in real estate education. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management, 
M.B.A., Columbia University. Mr. Eshleman is a manager for New Prod- 
uct Development at Hershey Foods. His teaching interests include mar- 
keting, marketing research and management. 

V. Carl Gacono, Lecturer in Real Estate, B.S., Susquehanna University. 
Mr. Gacono is a broker with Gacono Real Estate and past president of 
the Lebanon County Board of Realtors. He specializes in real estate edu- 
cation. 

James Schall, Adjunct Associate Professor of Hotel Management, 
M.B.A., Indiana University. Mr. Schall is Director of the Food and Bev- 
erage Division of the Hershey Lodge and Convention Center. His teach- 
ing interest is food and beverage management. 

Kenneth R. Widdall, Lecturer in Management, Ed.D., Columbia Univer- 
sity. Dr. Widdall is a training specialist at AMP, Inc. His teaching inter- 
ests include marketing research, management development, education 
and training programs for management. 

Department Of Mathematical Sciences 

Mathematics and the mathematical sciences provide beauty, training of 
the mind, and utility for life and careers. Our goal is to have all students, 
including departmental majors, majors in other fields requiring mathe- 

41 



matics and computer science courses and students fulfilling the liberal 
arts mathematics requirement, experience all of these characteristics to 
some degree. The specific emphasis on each will depend upon the stu- 
dent's interest, background, and objectives. 

The Mathematical Sciences department programs of study offer a firm 
foundation in mathematics, through a variety of courses to satisfy stu- 
dent needs. The keystone of the departmental program is a common core 
composed of three courses in Analysis (Calculus), a course in Founda- 
tions of Mathematics, a course in Linear Algebra and a course in Intro- 
duction to Computers and Programming in Pascal. This core is common 
for Actuarial Science, Computer Science and Mathematics majors. It 
permits the student to defer final selection among majors and selection 
of specific emphasis within a major until the start of the junior year. 

The department has made a conscious decision to have each faculty mem- 
ber teach a broad range of courses. This assures individual and depart- 
mental flexibility and supports program integration. Majors are encour- 
aged to study under as many faculty of the department as possible to 
obtain a varied outlook on the mathematical sciences. Independent study, 
under the supervision of a faculty member, of a topic of particular inter- 
est to the student is encouraged. 

LVC mathematical sciences graduates have gone to graduate school in 
mathematics and in computer science, business and law, and to employ- 
ment as actuaries, computer systems analysts, management trainees, in- 
dustrial mathematicians and secondary school teachers. They are em- 
ployed by banks and financial institutions, the insurance industry, local, 
state and federal government, and a wide variety of other businesses and 
industries. 

Actuarial Science 

The Actuarial profession defines an actuary as "a business professional 
who uses mathematical skills to define, analyze and solve financial and 
social problems." Actuaries are employed by insurance companies, con- 
sulting firms, some large corporations, and the federal and state govern- 
ments. The Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society estab- 
lish and monitor the professional qualifications of actuaries through a 
series of rigorous examinations. In recent years, the demand for actuaries 
has far exceeded the supply and indications are that the situation will 
continue. 
The Lebanon Valley College Actuarial Science program is coordinated by 



42 



Professor Hearsey, an Associate of the Society of Actuaries. The pro- 
gram consists of coursework selected to provide a solid foundation in 
mathematics and to prepare students for courses 100-150 of the Society 
of Actuaries syllabus and Parts 1-4 of the Casualty Actuarial Society 
syllabus. A student may prepare for additional examinations through 
independent study. The Actuarial Science program at LVC was estab- 
lished in the mid 1960's and now boasts over 50 alumni in the actuarial 
profession. LVC is the only small liberal arts college east of the Missis- 
sippi River offering an Actuarial Science major. Our program has a rec- 
ord of 100% placement of our graduates and most students are able to 
find summer employment in the actuarial field during their sophomore 
and junior summers. 

Computer Science 

Although it has been over 40 years since the development of the first 
electronic computer, Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper said at the 
1987 LVC graduation exercises that "we are still in the Model T or DC-3 
age so far as computers are concerned". All of us will be working in a 
computer environment, and must be able to use computers to assist us 
rather than computers control us. The United States is the world leader 
in almost all phases of the computer industry, from the silicon chip to 
operating systems and other software and applications. The US must not 
lose that lead. 

The LVC program, with two majors, is structured to provide students 
necessary knowledge to pursue graduate studies in computer science, to 
work in the computer field, or to work in a field requiring computer 
applications. The Computer Science major, containing a strong mathe- 
matics background, generally satisfies the requirements of the Association 
of Computing Machinery, one of two governing professional associations. 
The Computer Information Systems major is patterned after the Data 
Processing Management Association recommendations and includes 
course work in a field of application. 

Our equipment includes a DEC VAX system, a DEC PDP 11/23 mini- 
computer and a wide variety of microcomputers and peripheral equip- 
ment. Because of the relative lower cost of microcomputers and associ- 
ated equipment and software, we maintain state-of-the-art hardware and 
software. Students have immediate access to almost any type operating 
system, language, or software which they wish to study and work with. 



43 



Mathematics 

The recent identification by a young US graduate student of an error in 
Sir Isaac Newton's work, and the recent development of a revised linear 
programming algorithm are but two examples which clearly demonstrate 
that mathematics is alive and vibrant. National concerns have been ex- 
pressed concerning mathematics education in elementary schools, and the 
decrease in graduate studies in mathematics. Management schools are 
continually increasing the quantitative component in their curriculum, 
and business and industry are continually looking for mathematically 
trained individuals. The demand for teachers is well publicized. A bright 
and rewarding future awaits one choosing mathematics as a field. 

Our program gives the student a broad selection of courses, theoretical 
and applied, from which to choose following the core program. Students 
may choose preparation for graduate programs, business and industrial 
preparation, preparation for secondary school teaching, or concentrations 
such as statistics or operations research. Students often combine mathe- 
matics with another major or minor of interest. 

The major and courses in Actuarial Science are on page 61. Those in 
Computer Science and Computer Information Systems are on page 69. 
Those in Mathematics are on page 94. 

Faculty: 

Michael D. Fry, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ph.D., 
University of Illinois. An avid student of computer science, he is inter- 
ested in operating systems and in networking, computer interfacing and 
peripheral equipment. He teaches a broad range of computer science 
courses, upper level algebra and geometry and other mathematics 
courses. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Coordinator, 
Actuarial Science Program. Ph.D., Washington State University. An As- 
sociate of the Society of Actuaries, he has many contacts within the actu- 
arial profession. Dr. Hearsey is interested in approaches to providing 
mathematics education to the liberal arts student not majoring in mathe- 
matical sciences, and teacher education as well as actuarial science. He 
teaches upper level actuarial science courses and a broad range of mathe- 
matics courses. 

Joerg W. P. Mayer, Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Giessen. He has extensive experience in both undergraduate and 



44 



graduate teaching. He is a serious student of computer science and has 
done industrial consulting concerning use of microcomputers. Dr. Mayer 
has published textbooks on Algebraic Topology and on Computer Assem- 
bly Language. He teaches a variety of theoretical mathematics courses 
and a full range of computer science courses. 

Michelle Y. Penner, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, M.S., 
Oklahoma State University. She is interested in the problems of mathe- 
matics anxiety and in the teaching of those students of lower mathemati- 
cal ability. Active in women's mathematical and educational organiza- 
tions. She teaches a variety of mathematics and computer science courses. 

Horace W. Tousley, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Chair- 
man. M.S. I.E. (OR), University of Alabama. A career military logistician 
and operations research practitioner. Interested in mathematical model- 
ing, quantitative methods, and applications. He teaches operations re- 
search, selected upper division courses, and a broad range of other 
courses. 

Mark A. Townsend, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. 
Ed.D., Oklahoma State University. Lindback Distinguished Young Pro- 
fessor, 1987. His academic interests include numerical analysis and teach- 
ing methods and classroom innovation. He teaches a variety of mathe- 
matics courses, and a selection of computer science courses. 

Deborah R. Fullam, Lecturer in Computer Science. Academic Coordina- 
tor, Computer Services. B.S., Lebanon Valley College. Interested in com- 
puter applications for business and management, she currently is pursu- 
ing an MBA with an emphasis in Computers. She teaches COBOL and 
Basic languages, and coordinates and teaches seminars for industry and 
the community under the Ben Franklin partnership. 
James S. Hume, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, 
M.S., Virginia State College. Mr. Hume is Director of Business Trust 
Fund Taxes, Department of Revenue, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 
His teaching specialty is applied mathematics. 

Edward Peters, Adjunct Instructor in Computer Science, B.A., Lehigh 
University. Manager Data Administration, Hershey Chocolate Company. 
He teaches Data Base Management. 



45 



Military Science Program 

The Military Science Program adds another dimension to a Lebanon 
Valley College liberal arts education by offering courses which develop a 
student's ability to organize, motivate, and lead others. 

Participation in Military Science courses during the freshman and sopho- 
more years results in no military obligation. Courses during these years 
orient students on the various roles of Army officers. Specifically, these 
courses stress self development: written and oral communication skills, 
leadership, bearing, and self-confidence. 

Individuals who elect to continue in the program during the junior and 
senior years will receive a commission as a second lieutenant in the U.S. 
Army upon graduation. They will be required to serve three months to 
four years in the active Army, depending upon the type of commission. 

Options are available for those individuals who encounter scheduling 
conflicts or who desire to begin participation after their freshman year. 
Contact the Registrar for further information. 

Program participants may take part in various enrichment activities dur- 
ing the academic year: rappelling, rifle qualification, cross-country skiing, 
white-water rafting, leadership exercises, land navigation, orientation 
trips, and formal social functions. Program participants may also apply 
for special training courses during the summer: Russian language, flight 
orientation, airborne, air assault, and northern warfare schools. 

Financial Assistance: Books and equipment for military science 
courses and the ROTC program are provided free of charge to all cadets. 
(However, all cadets do pay an activity fee of $15 per semester.) All ju- 
niors and seniors in the ROTC program (Advanced Course) and scholar- 
ship cadets are paid a tax-free subsistence allowance of $100 per month 
and receive certain other benefits. 

Scholarships: Army ROTC scholarships based on merit are available. 
Recipients receive full tuition, academic fees, a semester allowance for 
books and supplies, and a $100 per month subsistence allowance. Cadets 
and other Lebanon Valley students may compete for three-year (starts in 
sophomore year) and for two-year (starts in junior year) scholarships. 
Recipients agree to a service obligation. Scholarships are also available 
for students entering medical school or pursuing graduate studies in the 
basic health sciences. Selected ROTC graduates are also eligible for schol- 



46 



arships to pursue graduate studies in other academic disciplines. For 
additional information, contact the department chairman. 

Corresponding Studies Program: Students participating in an off- 
campus study program in the United States or abroad may continue par- 
ticipation in either the Army ROTC Basic Course or Advanced Course 
and receive the same course credit and benefits as a student enrolled in 
the on-campus program. Scholarship students are also eligible to partici- 
pate in this program. 

Advanced Leadership Practicum: The practicum consists of a six- 
week summer training program at an Army installation which stresses the 
application of military skills to rapidly changing situations. Participants 
are evaluated on their ability to make sound decisions, to direct group 
efforts toward the accomplishment of common goals and to meet the 
mental and physical challenges presented to them. Completion of this 
practicum is required prior to commissioning and it is normally attended 
between the junior and senior years. Participants receive room, board, 
travel expenses, medical care, and pay. 

The requirements and course descriptions in Military Science are on page 
97. 

Faculty: 

John R. Dabrowski, Instructor in Military Science. M.A., East Strouds- 
burg State University. Captain, U.S. Army, Infantry. His assignments 
include command and staff positions in Infantry, Signal, and Military 
Intelligence units. Specializations include Modern European History, 
Modern Britain, Modern Germany and Latin America. 

Michael A. DiGennaro, Instructor in Military Science. B.S., United 
States Military Academy, West Point. Captain, U.S. Army, Aviation. 
Instructs third year Military Science and Tactics. His assignments include 
command and staff positions in Attack Helicopter, Air Cavalry, and In- 
fantry units. 

Nelson M. Martin, Instructor in Military Science. M.B.A., University of 
Arizona. Major, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. His assignments include com- 
pany command and staff positions at battalion, division, and Headquar- 
ters U.S. Army Europe. 

David W. Wilgus, Professor of Military Science. M.A., Webster Univer- 
sity. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Aviation. His assignments include 



47 



staff positions at various levels with emphasis in Transportation Manage- 
ment. Academic directions have been in the Management Field. 

Department Of Music 

Students in the Department of Music may major in one of five areas: 
music, music performance, sacred music, sound recording technology or 
music education. Each student, regardless of major, is required to take a 
core of courses in theory and music history. Each student also completes 
additional course work particular to his area of interest. 

Attendance at some faculty and student recitals is compulsory. All stu- 
dents in the department are required to take private instruction on cam- 
pus in their principal performance medium (one-half hour of private 
instruction is included in the basic tuition). Students whose major applied 
instrument is organ are required also to study piano, continuing until 
they have attained a level of proficiency satisfactory to the organ faculty. 
Participation in music organizations is also required of all majors. 

Students registered for private instruction in the music department are 
not permitted to study in that instructional area on a private basis with 
another instructor, on or off campus, at the same time. 

Participation in music organizations may be required of all majors. (See 
also Music Department Guide.) 

The music major (B.A.) is designed for those students desiring a liberal 
arts context in their preparation for a career in applied music. All majors 
are required to take an hour lesson per week in their principal perfor- 
mance medium and expected to perform a half recital in the junior year 
and a full recital in the senior year. 

The music performance major (B.M.) is designed for those students desir- 
ing a maximum concentration in music courses in preparation for a ca- 
reer as a performing musician. All majors are required to take a weekly 
one hour lesson in the principal performance medium; they are also re- 
quired to perform a half recital in the junior year and a full recital in the 
senior year. Majors whose performance medium is a band or orchestral 
instrument are required to study voice and piano as well. 

The sacred music major (B.M.) prepares students for careers as directors 
of church music, ministers of music, or college teachers. The program is 
open to those individuals whose interests are voice or organ. All majors 
are required to acquire sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as a qual- 
ified parish church musician. Majors whose principal performance me- 

48 



dium is organ are required to study voice for at least two years, one of 
which may be a year of class experience. Majors whose principal perfor- 
mance medium is voice are expected to show sufficient keyboard profi- 
ciency upon admission to the program that after two additional years of 
piano study (normally by the end of the sophomore year) they may bene- 
fit from a year of organ study. 

Sound Recording Technology (B.M.) is designed for students who wish to 
gain the theoretical and practical knowledge necessary for careers with 
responsibility for recording technology in the fields of radio and televi- 
sion, film, and audio production. 

The music education major, approved by the Pennsylvania Department 
of Education and the National Association of Schools of Music, is de- 
signed for the preparation of Public school music teachers, kindergarten 
through twelfth grades, instrumental and vocal. The music education 
curriculum requires voice instruction (class or private) for a minimum of 
one year and piano instruction (class or private) for a minimum of two 
years. A competency jury must be passed in each area. Students partici- 
pate in student teaching in area elementary and secondary schools. Each 
student is responsible for transportation arrangements to and from the 
teaching location. 

For the majors in music, music education and sacred music, the minor in 
music, and course descriptions in music, see page 98. For the major in 
sound recording technology, see page 126. 

Faculty: 

George D. Curfman, Professor of Music Education. Ed.D., Pennsylvania 
State University. He teaches music education methods courses and coordi- 
nates music student teaching. He serves as a consultant/clinician for the 
Pennsylvania Music Educators Association and advises the campus Penn- 
sylvania Collegiate Music Education Association. 

Scott H. Eggert, Assistant Professor of Music. D.M.A., University of 
Kansas. He teaches theoretical subjects, composition, class and applied 
piano. He is active as a composer, having premiered major works on the 
campus. 

William H. Fairlamb, Professor of Music. B.Mus., Philadelphia Conserv- 
atory. Artist Diploma, Philadelphia Musical Academy. He teaches applied 
piano as well as courses in music history, aesthetics and piano literature. 
He has performed numerous recitals on campus as well as serving as 
accompanist for various soloists and in chamber ensembles. 

49 



Pierce A. Getz, Professor of Music. D.M.A., Eastman School of Music. 
He teaches applied organ and related subjects in history and literature of 
the instrument, choral conducting, hymnology and sacred choral litera- 
ture. He conducts the Concert Choir and College Chorus. He is active as 
a recitalist, organ consultant to churches, guest conductor, and is the 
Director of Music at Market Square Presbyterian Church, Harrisburg. 
He serves as advisor to the Guild Student Group of the American Guild 
of Organists. 

Klement M. Hambourg, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., Univer- 
sity of Oregon. He teaches applied violin and viola and courses in string 
methodology, coaches chamber ensembles and is the conductor of the 
College-Community Orchestra. He performs frequently in solo recitals 
and is a member of the Reading Symphony, and guest conducts at the 
Allegheny Summer Festival of Music. 

Robert H. Hearson, Assistant Professor of Music. Ed.D., University of 
Illinois. A low brass specialist, he teaches courses in instrumental music 
education and brass pedagogy, and supervises music student teaching 
activities. He is founder/director of the LVC Summer Music Camp and 
host conductor/coordinator of the LVC Honors Band. He maintains a 
special interest in brass ensemble music, and is active as a performer, 
clinician, adjudicator, and guest conductor. 

Robert C. Lau, Professor of Music. Chairman. Ph.D., The Catholic 
University of America. He teaches courses in music theory, conducting, 
music appreciation and history and applied viola, as well as conducting 
the college chorus. In addition to performing, he regularly appears as a 
conductor /adjudicator of instrumental and choral festivals. He is pub- 
lished in the areas of sacred choral and organ literature, and serves as 
Organist/Choirmaster at Mt. Calvary Episcopal Church, Camp Hill. 

Philip G. Morgan, Assistant Professor of Voice. M.S., Pittsburg State 
University. He teaches appled voice with specialization in vocal technique, 
vocal pedagogy and vocal literature. He performs frequently in solo re- 
citals, oratorios, chamber recitals in the United States and Europe. He 
serves as vocal advisor for Hershey Entertainment. 

C. Robert Rose, Associate Professor of Music. D.M., Indiana University. 
He teaches applied clarinet and courses in music theory, Jiterature, or- 
chestration, and woodwind methods. He conducts the Symphonic Band 
and maintains an active schedule as clarinetist in solo and chamber music 
recitals and as an instrumental conductor. 



50 



Dennis W. Sweigart, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., University 
of Iowa. He teaches applied piano and courses in keyboard harmony, 
form and analysis and piano pedagogy. He regularly performs as a soloist 
and as an accompanist. He serves as the faculty advisor to Phi Mu Alpha 
Sinfonia, the men's music fraternity. 

Teresa R. Bowers, Adjunct Instructor in Music. M.M., Ohio State Uni- 
versity. She teaches applied flute, double reeds, flute pedagogy and cham- 
ber music. She also conducts the flute ensemble. She is a member of Duo 
Francais Flute-Harp Duo, and frequently appears as a recitalist and clini- 
cian. 

David V. Bilger, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Ithaca College. He 
teaches applied saxophone and directs the saxophone ensemble. He has 
performed at Carnegie Recital Hall and Lincoln Center in New York 
City. He has recorded several albums and performs extensively in the 
U.S. and abroad with his wife Forinne. He co-designed the "BILGER- 
MORGAN" mouthpiece. 

Erwin P. Chandler, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. M.M., Indiana 
University. He teaches applied horn and is active as a composer/arranger 
and conductor. 

James A. Erdman, II, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Retired solo trom- 
bonist "The Presidents Own" United States Marine Band, Washington, 
D.C. He teaches low brass instruments and is founder and director of the 
LVC Low Brass Ensemble. He is active as a performer on the trombone 
and appears nationally as a soloist and clinician. 

Wesley Fisher, Adjunct Instructor of Music. His teaching specialty is 
string bass. 

James R. Klock, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., West Virginia Uni- 
versity. He teaches applied percussion and courses in percussion peda- 
gogy. He teaches and performs locally in all areas of percussion. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, Adjunct Associate Professor in Music. M.F.A., Ohio 
University. She teaches applied piano and performs extensively as a solo- 
ist, accompanist and chamber music performer. She serves as the faculty 
advisor for Sigma Alpha Iota, the women's music fraternity. 

Stephen G. Lavender, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Castleton State 
College. He teaches applied cello. He appears locally as a recitalist and 
member of chamber ensembles. 



51 



Robert T. Meashey, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Lebanon Valley 
College. He teaches applied trumpet. He plays with Fairmont Brass 
Quartet and with Steve Giordana Quintet. 

Judith M. McLean, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Marshall Univer- 
sity. She teaches applied voice and piano, voice class and conducts the 
Chapel Singers. She maintains a private studio for voice and piano and is 
Director of Music at the New Holland United Methodist Church. She is 
also a performing member of the Singing City Choir of Philadelphia. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Director of the 
Preparatory Department. M.M., Westminster Choir College. She teaches 
applied organ and piano, sacred music courses and theory classes for the 
preparatory department. She performs frequently in solo organ and harp- 
sichord recitals. She is director of music at Grace Lutheran Church, Lan- 
caster. 

David S. Stafford, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs College of 
Music. He teaches applied guitar. He maintains a private guitar studio 
and is active as a performer in the area. 

Thomas M. Strohman, Adjunct Instructor in Music. He directs the col- 
lege jazz band and teaches jazz improvisation. A founding member of 
the jazz ensemble "Third Stream," he has recorded for Columbia Art- 
ists. He maintains an active career performing as well as teaching in the 
Central Pennsylvania area. 

John J. Uhl, Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology, B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, Professional Certificate, Institute of Audio Research. His 
teaching interest is sound recording technology. 

Department Of Physical Education 

Although the College does not offer a major in physical education, two 
courses are required for graduation. The program encourages attitudes 
and habits of good health, while developing physical capacities and skills 
that will enrich life. 

Course descriptions in physical education are on page 109. 
Faculty: 

Gerald L. Petrofes, Associate Professor of Physical Education. M.Ed. 
Kent State University. He instructs in individual and team activities. In- 
cluded are bowling (which utilizes the ABC slide instructions), badmin- 



52 



ton, racquetball, tennis, softball and volleyball. Responsibilities in the 
athletic department are golf and wrestling. He also serves as men's intra- 
mural director. 

O. Kent Reed, Associate Professor of Physical Education. Chairman. 
M.A. in Ed. Eastern Kentucky University. He instructs the fitness and 
weight training classes and utilizes body fat percentages, pulse rate and 
recovery, strength testing devices and workout charts. He also instructs 
team activities such as softball and volleyball. Responsibilities in the 
athletic department are track and field and cross country. 

Department Of Physics 

The program in physics is designed to develop an understanding of the 
fundamental laws of physical science dealing with motion, forces, energy, 
heat, sound, light, electromagnetism, electronics, atomic structure, and 
the properties of matter. It aims to give an appreciation of the extent and 
limitations of a mathematical description of the physical world. 

Students major in physics as a preparation for professional careers in 
physics, engineering, secondary teaching, and careers for which a physical 
science background is useful. 

The department offers several introductory courses with laboratory work. 
Physics 100 is a one semester course taken primarily by non-science stu- 
dents which presents the important concepts of physics and its relation- 
ship to other ideas. The Physics 103, 104 sequence is a non-calculus phys- 
ics course intended for science students such as those in the life sciences. 
Physics 111, 112 are the calculus based physics courses taken by most 
students preparing for physics, engineering, and chemistry. 

Students majoring in physics may take advantage of modern equipment 
in the laboratory, a student shop, close contact with faculty, and the op- 
portunity to pursue independent study or research. 

Engineering (Cooperative) 

In the cooperative "3 + 2" engineering program a student may earn a 
B.S. degree from Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the 
fields of engineering from the University of Pennsylvania (or at another 
institution). Students who pursue this cooperative engineering program 
take three years of work at Lebanon Valley College and then, if recom- 
mended by the College and accepted by the engineering school, they may 
take two additional years of work in engineering. After the satisfactory 

53 



completion of the fourth year of the program, the student receives from 
Lebanon Valley College the B.S. degree. At the completion of the fifth 
year, the student is granted the appropriate engineering degree from the 
engineering school. 
The major and course descriptions in Physics are on p. 109. 

Faculty: 

Michael Day, Associate Professor of Physics. Ph.D., University of Ne- 
braska. He has two doctorates; one in physics, one in philosophy. His 
interests are theoretical physics and philosophy of science. 
Barry L. Hurst, Assistant Professor of Physics. Chairman. Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of Delaware. His background is in secondary ion mass spectrome- 
try. Other interests include electronics and experimental design. 
J. Robert O'Donnell, Professor Emeritus of Physics. M.S., University of 
Delaware. He is interested in the physics of music, including the acous- 
tical properties of the guitar. 

Jacob L. Rhodes, Professor Emeritus of Physics. Ph.D., University of 
Pennsylvania. His background is nuclear physics with interests in the 
relationship of physics and society. 

Department Of Psychology 

The objective of psychology is to understand behavior fully. This objec- 
tive is carried out in exceptionally diverse settings from the clinical, in- 
dustrial, and social work environments which focus on solutions to hu- 
man problems; to educational and developmental settings which focus on 
human behavioral changes; to experimental settings which span both 
human and animal research. This diversity makes the study of psychology 
essential to business, education, and medicine and likewise makes it a 
necessary component of a liberal arts education. 

The undergraduate major in psychology includes elements of a general 
education in psychology as well as elements more specially tailored to the 
student's specific career goals. 

The general courses required for all psychology majors include several 
core courses: Individual and Society (PSY 100), Experimental (PSY 120), 
Advanced General Psychology (PSY 200), Statistics (PSY 216), Learning 
(PSY 236), Personality (PSY 343), and History of Psychology (PSY 443). 
In addition to these core courses, students are encouraged to participate 



54 



in the educational process well beyond the classroom through individual 
studies, laboratory research, and internships whether their long-term 
goals involve graduate study or work in their area of specialization. 

The major in psychology also includes a specialization requirement from 
one of five basic areas: (1) clinical, counseling and school psychology; (2) 
experimental psychology; (3) human development; (4) industrial/ organi- 
zational psychology; or (5) social psychology. The courses required for 
the specialization are intended to link a liberal arts degree with specific 
career goals. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in psychology are on page 115. 
The major and course descriptions in psychobiology, jointly offered with 
the Biology department, are on page 114. 

Faculty: 

Salvatore Cullari, Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Western 
Michigan University. His teaching interests are in clinical psychology, 
abnormal, personality, and social psychology. His current research is in 
the area of schizophrenia. 

David Lasky, Professor of Psychology. Chairman. Ph.D., Temple Univer- 
sity. Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are 
the focus of his teaching interests. His current research is in the area of 
organizational change in the public sector and patients' rights. 

Thomas Vilberg, Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Bowling 
Green University. His primary teaching interests are in the experimental 
analysis of behavior, physiological psychology, perception, and learning 
theory. His current research interests are in the behavioral and physiologi- 
cal mechanisms associated with hunger. He also has a strong interest in 
the application of computers to psychology. 

Michael Asken, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of West Virginia. His teaching interests are in sport psychology 
and health psychology. His current research interests are in sport psychol- 
ogy and the management of stress in surgery. He is in private practice as 
a health psychologist. 

Joseph Peters, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Penn- 
sylvania State University. He supervises the internship students. His re- 
search interests are in clinical psychology and computer applications to 
patient management. He is a clinical psychologist at a veterans adminis- 
tration hospital. 



55 



David Rogers, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Rose- 
mead College. His teaching interests are in child and adolescent psychol- 
ogy. He is a psychologist on the adolescent unit of a private psychiatric 
hospital. 

David Thompson, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., 
Pennsylvania State University. His teaching interests are in educational 
and school psychology. He is a school psychologist for the Milton 
Hershey Schools. 

Ford Thompson, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M.A., 
George Washington University. His teaching interests are in organiza- 
tional behavior. He is the Hospital Director of a state psychiatric hospi- 
tal. 

Department Of Religion And Philosophy 

The study of religion is designed to give students insight into the meaning 
of the religious dimension of human experience. Coursework introduces 
students to various historical and contemporary expressions of the 
Judaeo-Christian heritage as well as to the diverse religious traditions of 
mankind. In general, students major in religion to ready themselves for 
theological seminary, for careers in Christian education, or to acquire the 
theological maturity which, in combination with another major, will en- 
able them to function as lay ministers in their chosen profession. 

The study of philosophy directly involves the student in the process of 
sharpening critical and analytical abilities. In all classes emphasis is 
placed upon the writing of critical and analytical essays dealing with 
various aspects of philosophical thought as it pertains to the questions 
and issues of knowledge, human values and conduct, history, politics, 
religion, science, society, and the nature of human beings. 

The study of philosophy may prepare the student for postgraduate activi- 
ties such as legal studies, business, or theological and seminary training. 

The major, minor, and course requirements in philosophy are on page 
107. Those in religion, including the concentration in Christian educa- 
tion, are on page 119. 

Faculty: 

Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Professor of Religion. Chairman. Ph.D., Duke 
University. His scholarship has focused on American folk religion, partic- 



56 



ularly as expressed in the Methodist and Roman Catholic communities. 
Other interests include religion and literature, peace studies, and mysti- 
cism. His teaching centers on the history of Christianity and religion in 
America, and he participates in the Honors and Leadership Studies pro- 
grams. 

Voorhis C. Cantrell, Professor of Religion and Greek. Ph.D., Boston 
University. His teaching interests in Biblical literature, near eastern ar- 
chaeology, and Greek have been enhanced by on-site study and work in 
classical lands. His recent scholarly activity includes study and use of 
innovative pedagogical methods for teaching Scripture, particularly story- 
telling, memorization, and role-playing. 

John H. Heffner, Professor of Philosophy. Ph.D. Boston University. His 
teaching interests include logic, philosophy of religion, metaphysics, and 
history of philosophy. He has published articles in major journals and 
contributed chapters to books in his research specialization, the philoso- 
phy of perception. His recent interest in the philosophy of religion has 
focused on biblical literature and nineteenth century philosophical theol- 
ogy. 

Warren K. Thompson, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Leadership 
Studies. M.A., University of Texas. His teaching specialties are philo- 
sophical ethics and business and organizational ethics. He has a particu- 
lar interest in the ethical implications of the Holocaust, and has recently 
contributed a chapter for a forthcoming anthology devoted to philosophy 
and the Holocaust. Professor Thompson also directs and teaches in the 
Leadership Studies Program. 

Perry J. Troutman, Professor of Religion. Ph.D., Boston University. His 
areas of teaching specialization include world religions, religion in Amer- 
ica, and the theory and practice of Christian education. He has particular 
interests in Sanskrit and medieval English cathedrals, and he is organizer 
and Chair of the American Friends of Durham Cathedral. 

Charles D. Mintz, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion, M.A., He- 
brew Union College. Mr. Mintz is Rabbi of Harrisburg's Ohev Sholom 
Reform Temple. His teaching and research interests are centered on Jew- 
ish studies. 



57 



Department Of Sociology And Social Service 

The major in sociology is designed to give students an understanding of 
human behavior. By examining the social and cultural forces that shape 
our lives, students gain a richer understanding of themselves and contem- 
porary social issues. Sociology explores how and why people behave as 
they do as well as the effects of their behavior on others. In an economy 
which is moving from a manufacturing base to a service orientation, 
graduates in sociology are prepared to work in fields where an under- 
standing of the dynamics of human relationships is important. 
The social service major prepares students for beginning professional 
practice in a variety of social work settings. Our majors emphasizes the 
generalist approach by offering a solid foundation of core courses based 
on social work theory and practice. The program also provides students 
the opportunity to focus upon areas of personal and professional interest 
by choosing a concentration in areas such as criminal justice, family 
intervention, and the aged and aging/death and dying. 
The major, minor, and course descriptions in Social Service are on page 
122. Those in sociology are on page 124. 

Faculty: 

Sharon Darmofall Arnold, Associate Professor of Sociology. M.A., Uni- 
versity of Akron. Among her teaching interests are sociology of the fam- 
ily, intercultural communication, small groups, and medical sociology. 
Her research interests are achievement orientation of female students and 
the use of telecommunications in higher education. 

Eileen Frankland, Instructor of Social Service. M.S.W., Barry University. 
Her teaching interests include direct service clinical skills, systems theory 
interventions, and treatment dynamics with a special interest in substance 
abuse. Her current area of career development is the integration of macro 
level concepts in undergraduate social work education. 
Carolyn R. Hanes, Associate Professor of Sociology and Leadership 
Studies. Chairman. Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. Her areas of 
interest include family and marriage, criminology, criminal justice, mass 
media, and leadership. She is currently doing research on leadership. 
William W. Cave, Adjunct Instructor in Gerontology. M.Div., Bethany 
Theological Seminary. Director of Social Services at Lebanon Valley 
Brethren Home. His special interest is in understanding the interaction 
between chronic illness and aging. 

58 



Robert A. Clay, Adjunct Associate Professor of Sociology. College Regis- 
trar. Ph.D. Cornell University. His teaching interests include social the- 
ory, social inequality, the city, and anthropology. His recent research has 
dealt with local demographic patterns and economic development. 

Jan Edwards, Lecturer in Social Service, M.A., Ohio University. His 
teaching interests include child abuse and juvenile delinquency. 

Robert D. Gingrich, Lecturer in Social Service, M.S., Moravion College. 
His teaching specialities include child abuse, juvenile delinquency and 
sexual abuse. 



Accounting (AC) 

The program in Accounting is offered in the Management department, 

which is described on page 39. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in accounting. 

MAJOR: AC 151, 152, 162, 233, 251, 252, 353, 451, 455, one 3 credit 
hour accounting elective; EC 110, 120; MG 222, 330, 361, 371, 460, 485; 
EN 210; CS 147 (or 170); MA 150 (or 111 or 160 or 161); MA 170 (or 
270 or 372); PH 260. (69 credits) 

Courses in Accounting 

151. Principles of Accounting I. Fundamental principles and concepts 
of accounting encompassing business transactions, the accounting cycle, 
and classified financial statements including discussion of various topics 
relating to balance sheet and income statement items. For accounting 
majors. Credit not awarded for both AC 151 and AC 161. 3 credits. 

152. Principles of Accounting II. A continuation of Principles of Ac- 
counting I focusing upon accounting concepts, partnerships, and business 
transactions related to corporate liabilities, equity, and investments. In- 
cludes basic financial analysis. For accounting majors. Prerequisite: AC 
151; or AC 161 with minimum grade of 'B' and permission. 3 credits. 

161. Financial Accounting. Basic concepts of accounting to include 
accounting for business transactions, preparation and use of financial 
statements, and measurement of owners' equity. An introductory course 
for non-accounting majors. Credit not awarded for both AC 151 and AC 

161. 3 credits. 

162. Managerial Accounting. Cost-volume-profit relationships, cost 



59 



analysis, business segment contribution, profit planning and budgeting as 
a basic for managerial decision making. Prerequisite: AC 151 or AC 161. 
3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic En- 
vironment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a 
business management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory 
exercises the student is exposed to commonly used business applications. 
Topics covered include word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database 
management, business graphics, decision support systems, and integrated 
accounting packages. Prerequisite: AC 151 or 161, EC 110 or 120, or 
permission. 3 credits. 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced course in accounting 
principles stressing the environment and the conceptual framework of 
financial accounting, statement presentation, revenue recognition, and 
valuation problems in accounting for assets. Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 
credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. An analysis of financial statements, 
effects of errors and changes on statements, preparation of funds flow 
statement, and valuation problems in accounting for leases and pensions 
and stockholders' equity. Prerequisite: AC 251. 3 credits. 

292-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

351. Advanced Accounting. Study of theory and standards with applica- 
tion to special topics such as income presentation, interim reporting, and 
per-share disclosures. Emphasis on business combinations and consoli- 
dated financial presentations. Prerequisite: AC 252. 3 credits. 

352. Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting. Basic concepts of fund 
and budgetary accounting used for financial activities of governmental 
units and other not-for-profit organizations. Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 
credits. 

353. Cost Accounting I. The accumulation and recording of the costs 
associated with the manufacturing operation including job-order, process 
and standard cost systems, and joint and by-product costing. Prerequi- 
site: AC 152. 3 credits 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Field accounting or auditing experience in a business, 
government or other organization. Alternatively, participation in the 



60 



Practicum in Accounting, a campus program performing accounting 
services with participating area businesses. Ordinarily open only to junior 
and senior accounting majors. Prerequisite: G.P.A. of 2.75 in major and 
permission of department chairman. 1-15 credits. 

451. Individual Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as 
they apply to individuals; case problems, preparation of returns. Prereq- 
uisite: AC 152. 3 credits. 

452. Corporate Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as 
they apply to corporations, partnerships and fiduciaries; case problems, 
preparation of returns. Prerequisite: AC 451. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. A study of the process of^evaluation of internal controls 
and interpretation of financial information in order for an auditor to 
express a professional opinion on financial reports. Prerequisite: AC 252. 
3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course to allow the student to investigate an 
accounting subject not incorporated into the curriculum. Ordinarily for 
juniors or seniors only. By permission of department chairman. 1-6 
credits. 

Actuarial Science (AS) 

The program in Actuarial Science is offered in the Mathematical Sciences 
department, which is described on page 44. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in actuarial science. 

MAJOR: AS 385,481,482; CS 147; MA 111,112,202,211,222,335,371, 
372,463,471; EC 110,120; AC 161,162. (58 credits) The examination for 
course 100 of the Society of Actuaries, Casualty Actuarial Society must 
be passed by the fall of the senior year. 

Courses in Actuarial Science 

385. The Theory of Interest. Measurement of interest, including accu- 
mulated and present value factors; annuities certain; amortization sched- 
ules and sinking funds; and bonds and related securites. Prerequisite: 
MA 211. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

481,482. Actuarial Mathematics I and II. Survival distributions and life 



61 



tables; life insurance; life annuities; net premiums; premium reserves; 
multiple life functions; multiple decrement models; valuation theory for 
pension plans; the expense factor; and nonforfeiture benefits and divi- 
dends. Prerequisite: MA 372. 3 credits per semester. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Study of material for further Society of Actu- 
aries or Casualty Actuarial Society examinations. Variable Credit. 

Art (AR) 

The Art Department is described on page 27. 

Minor: AR 110,140,201,203, 1 elective course in art (15 credits) 

Courses in Art 

110. Introduction to Art. An exploration of meaning in the visual arts. 
The subject is approached through discussions of perception, the aes- 
thetic experience, and form/content analyses of painting, sculpture, and 
architecture. 3 credits. 

140. Drawing, Painting and Printmaking. An introduction to the mate- 
rials and processes of drawing, painting, and printmaking. Spatial per- 
ception, composition, light and dark as well as color relationships are 
major areas of study. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

201. Art History I. Prehistoric through Medieval Art. A survey of 
painting, sculpture and architecture beginning with prehistoric sites in 
Europe and the Near East, followed by studies of ancient Egypt, Meso- 
potamia, Greece, Rome and Europe in the Middle Ages. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II. Renaissance to Twentieth Century. A survey of 
individual masters and their major schools, the course covers the period 
from the close of the medieval era to the modern day and includes stylis- 
tic analysis and historical contexts for painting, sculpture, and architec- 
ture of each period. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction to creative art activity 
for children in elementary school. Topics covered include philosophical 



62 



concepts, curriculum, evaluation and studio activity involving a variety 
of art media, techniques, and processes. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

Biochemistry (BC) 

The program in biochemistry is offered jointly by the Biology depart- 
ment, described on page 27 and the Chemistry department, described on 
page 31. 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program that provides 
an opportunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study 
of the chemical basis of biological processes. It is designed to prepare 
students for advanced study in medical, dental, and other professional 
schools, for graduate programs in a variety of subjects including bio- 
chemistry, clinical chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, 
microbiology, and physiology, and for research positions in industrial, 
academic, and government laboratories. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biochemistry. 

MAJOR: BI 111,112,201,306,307 or 322,401 (24 credits); CH 111,112, 
113,114, 213,214,215,216,305,307,311,312 (26 credits); BC 421,422,430, 
499 (8 credits); MA 161,162; PHY 103,104 or 111,112 (73 total credits) 

Courses in Biochemistry 

421,422. Biochemistry I, II. A course in the physical and organic aspects 
of living systems. Prerequisites: CH 214, 216, and 312 or permission. 3 
credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of pro- 
teins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CH 214, 
216. 1 credit. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on spe- 
cial topics in biochemistry. 1 credit. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisites or corequisites: CH 311,312, and 
permission. 2-3 credits per semester (maximum of 9). 



63 



Biology (BI) 

The Biology department is described on page 27. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biology. 

MAJOR: BI 100,111,112,201,302 or 307,499; one course each in the 
general areas of physiology, cellular and subcellular biology, and mor- 
phology; and 4 additional hours of biology. (34 credits) CH 111,112, 
113,114,213,214,215, 216 (16 credits). PHY 103,104 or 111,112; 
MA 161 or 111. (61-63 total credits) 

Courses in Biology 

BI 111 and 112 are prerequisite for all upper-level courses in biology 
unless otherwise noted. 

100. Biology Orientation. A general discussion of the various skills 
necessary for success in the biological sciences. Topics will include data 
presentation and interpretation, biological illustration, the biological 
literature and library resources, scientific writing, abstracting, laboratory 
procedures, preparation for examinations, independent study, and career 
opportunities in biology. Required for all freshman biochemistry and 
biology majors, and allied health science students. Open to students en- 
rolled in BI 111. No prerequisite. 1 credit. 

101. Human Biology I. This course, designed for the non-science major, 
utilizes the human organism as the primary focus for elucidating physio- 
logical principles. Topics include nutrition, homeostasis, major organ 
systems, immunity, and exercise physiology. Laboratory exercises include 
sensory physiology, respiration, blood pressure, and ECG. 4 credits per 
semester. 

102. Human Biology II. This course, also designed for the non-science 
major, emphasizes the mastery of certain biological principles as applied 
primarily to humans. Topics include reproduction, development, classical 
and molecular genetics, and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement 
lecture topics. 4 credits per semester. 

111. General Biology I. This course, designed for science majors, in- 
volves rigorous studies of basic biological principles. Topics emphasized 
include cell biology, genetics, taxonomy and evolution. 4 credits. 

112. General Biology II. This course, also rigorous and designed for 
science majors, covers concepts in physiology, embryology, botany and 
ecology. 4 credits. 



64 



191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of 
classical and molecular genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of 
genetics utilizing both classical and molecular approaches. Prerequisites: 
one year of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

221. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The comparative anatomy of 
vertebrates with emphasis on the evolutionary relationships among the 
various lines of vertebrates. Intensive laboratory work involves dissec- 
tions and demonstrations of representative vertebrates. 4 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development and diversity of 
plants and the relationships between them. Field and laboratory work 
will familiarize the student with the structure of plants and with the iden- 
tification of flowering plants in the local flora. Prerequisite: Biology 112 
or permission. 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic descriptive phenomena 
in the development of typical invertebrate and vertebrate embryos, with a 
consideration of modern embryological problems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. A study of the micro- 
scopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues, with illustrations of basic tissue 
similarities and specialization in relation to function. The laboratory 
work includes the preparation of slides utilizing routine histological and 
histochemical techniques. 4 credits. 

306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology, and bio- 
chemistry of representative microorganisms. Prerequisite: three semesters 
of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with em- 
phasis on vascular plants. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or 
permission. 4 credits. 

312. Fundamentals of Ecology. An examination of the basic concepts of 
ecology with extensive laboratory work and field experiences in fresh- 
water, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisites: BI 112 or permis- 
sion. 4 credits. 

322. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles of vertebrate body 
function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which cells and organs 
perform their functions and the interactions of the various organs in 
maintaining total body function. Prerequisites: BI 101 or 112 and one 
semester of chemistry, or permission. 4 credits. 

65 



323. Introduction to Immunology. An introduction to the anatomical, 
physiological, and biochemical factors underlying the immune response. 
The course begins with a discussion of non-specific immunity, cellular 
immunity, and antibody-mediated immune responses. The course then 
moves into a study of contemporary immunological topics which are 
discussed with respect to major research papers in each area. Topics in- 
clude auto-immunity, histocompatibility, Immunogenetics, and acquired 
immune deficiencies. A research paper is required. Prerequisites: BI 
111,112 and CH 111,113 or equivalent or permission. 4 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Provides on-site research and study opportunities in 
medical research, veterinary medicine and applied ecology (conservation, 
forestry, and water quality control). Prerequisite: permission. 1-4 credits 
per semester. 

401. Molecular Biology. A study of the functioning of cells, including 
energetics, mechanisms and control of cell transport, metabolism, irrita- 
bility, biological rhythms and photophysiology. Prerequisite: three semes- 
ters of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. A study of most of the invertebrate phyla, 
concentrating on movement, metabolism, information and control, repro- 
duction and association between animals. 4 credits. 

404. Electron Microscopy. An introduction to the use of techniques for 
scanning and transmission electron microscopic studies. Through labora- 
tory experience the students will learn the proper use, application, and 
limitations of the appropriate instruments. Prerequisite: Biology 305 or 
permission of instructor. 4 credits. 

409. Quantitative Ecology. An intensive study of ecological processes 
emphasizing the quantitative aspects of ecology at the population and 
community levels. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library 
research on an assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the 
biology faculty and students. This course may be repeated. 1 or 2 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: Permission. 1-9 credits per semes- 
ter. 



66 



Chemistry (CH) 

The Chemistry department is described on page 31. 

DEGREES: Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science with a 
major in chemistry. 

MAJORS: (B.S. in Chemistry) CH 111,112,113,114,213,214,215,216,222, 
305,306,307,308,311,312,321,322,411; 6 Credits from CH 421,422,491- 
498; 4 credits of CH 500; MA 161,162; PHY 111,112 (63-64 credits) 

(B.S., major in chemistry) CH 

111,112,113,114,213,214,215,216,222,305,306,307,308,311,312,321,322; 
MA 161,162; PHY 111,112; (50-51 credits) 

Courses in Chemistry 

100. Introduction to Chemistry. An introduction to the basic principles 
of chemistry including mathematical tools, atomic structure, reactions, 
stoichiometry, bonding, and aqueous systems. Laboratory experience 
included. 4 credits. 

109. Chemical Skills A step-by-step approach to solving chemical prob- 
lems. Topics include the application of mathematical tools in introductory 
chemistry and techniques for finding the proper approach to solve prob- 
lems. The course is designed to be taken concurrently with CH 111.1 
credit 

111,112. Principles of Chemistry I, II. A systematic study of the funda- 
mental principles and concepts of chemistry. 3 credits per semester. 

113,114. Introductory Laboratory I, II. Laboratory courses to accom- 
pany 111 and 112 respectively. Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 111 and 
112. 1 credit per semester. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

213,214. Organic Chemistry I, II. An introduction to the structure, no- 
menclature, and properties of the major classes of organic compounds, 
with emphasis on the principles and reaction mechanisms describing their 
behavior. Prerequisite: CH 112 and 114. 3 credits per semester. 

215,216. Organic Laboratory I, II. Investigations of methods of synthe- 
sis and analysis of organic compounds including some physical organic 
studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 213 and 214. 1 credit for 215, 1 - 
2 credits for 216. 

222. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. The application of theoretical 



67 



principles to the understanding of the descriptive chemistry of the ele- 
ments. Prerequisite: CH 112 and 114. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

305. Analytical Chemistry. Gravimetric, volumetric, and electro- 
chemical methods of chemical analysis are covered. Included are statisti- 
cal methods of data treatment and rigorous considerations of complex 
chemical equilibria. Prerequisites: CH 112 and MA 161. 3 credits. 

306. Instrumental Analysis. Basic types of chemical instrumentation, 
and their applications in analytical chemistry are examined. These in- 
clude: gas and liquid chromatography: infrared, UV-VIS, fluoresence, 
atomic absorption, and plasma emission spectrophotometry: nuclear 
magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry: and radiochemical methods. 
Prerequisites: CH 112 and MA 161. 3 credits. 

307. Quantitative Analysis Laboratory. Techniques of gavimetric, volu- 
metric, and electrochemical analysis are applied to the analysis of un- 
knowns. Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 305. 1 credit. 

308. Instrumental Analysis Laboratory. Chemical instrumentation is 
utilized in analytical method development and analysis. Prerequisite or 
corequisite: CH 306. 1 credit. 

311,312. Physical Chemistry I, II. A study of the physical theories of 
matter and their applications to systems of variable composition. Prereq- 
uisites: CH 214 or 216, MA 162 and PHY 112. 3 credits per semester 

321,322. Physical Laboratory I, II. Physical-chemical investigations of 
chemical systems. Corequisite: CH 311 or 312. 1 credit per semester. 

411. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. A study of bonding theories, mo- 
lecular structure, spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms with special 
emphasis on transition metal complexes. Prerequisite: CH 312. 3 credits 
per semester. 

491-498. Special Topics. One or more of the following courses will be 
offered each semester: analytical, industrial chemistry, kinetics, organic 
synthesis, physical organic, polymers, or quantum mechanics. However, 
other options are available. Prerequisite: CH 312,319 or permission. 1-6 
credits. 

500. Independent Study. Intensive library and laboratory study of spe- 
cial interest to advanced students in the major areas of chemistry. For 
students preparing for secondary school teaching, the emphasis is placed 
on methods of teaching chemistry. Prerequisites: Permission of Depart- 



68 



ment. Upon approval may be certified as a leadership internship. 1-9 
credits per semester. 

Communications 

See English 

Computer Science (CS) 

The programs in computer science and computer information systems are 
offered in the Mathematical Sciences department, which is described on 
page 41. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer informa- 
tion systems; Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer sci- 
ence. 

MAJOR: (Computer Information Systems) CS 147,243,244,248,345,342 
or 346; one CS course numbered above 400 or 6 hours of CS 400, (21-24 
credits). MA 150,170; MA 111,160 or 161; EN 210 or 216. Five courses, 
approved by the advisor, in an applications field of interest (48-53 total 
credits) 

(Computer Science) CS 147,248, one from 242,243, or 244; three addi- 
tional computer science courses numbered above 300 including at least 
one numbered above 400. MA 111,112,202,211,222; 322 or 371; 335 or 
463. EN 216. PSY 100 or 120; 337. (52 credits). 

Courses in Computer Science 

130. Microcomputers, Hardware and Software. The components of a 
microcomputer, introduction to operating systems, languages and soft- 
ware packages. 3 credits. 

147. Computers and Programming in Pascal. Introduction to the basic 
concepts and terminology of computer handware, software, operating 
systems and languages. Programming in Pascal. 3 credits. 

170. Computers and Programming in Basic-Plus. Introduction to the 
basic concepts and terminology of computer hardware, software, operat- 
ing systems and languages. Programming in Basic-Plus. 3 credits. 

242. Scientific Computing with FORTRAN. Number representation, 
multi dimensional arrays, data manipulation, extensive computation. 
Prerequisites: CS 147 or CS 170, MA 102. 3 credits. 



69 



243. Interactive Systems with Basic-Plus. Time-sharing systems, micro- 
computers and Basic; arrays, strings, virtual arrays, random access files, 
elementary graphics. Prerequisite: CS 147 or CS 170. 3 credits 

244. Business Computing with COBOL. Processing of data, the storing 
and manipulation of files; sorting, and merging of records. Prerequisite: 
CS 147 or CS 170. 3 credits. 

248. Advanced Programming with Pascal. Advanced features of Pascal. 
Developing large programs. Libraries, units, etc. Prerequisite: CS 147. 3 
credits. 

250. Survey of Computers and their Impact. Computer hardware and 
software from the microcomputer to the mainframe. The social, eco- 
nomic and ethical impact of computers. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits 

341. Computer Architecture with MACRO. The organization of com- 
puters, the CPU, memory, disks, interfaces, interrupts, macros, device 
drivers. Prerequisite: CS 248. 3 credits. 

342. Data Structures. Discrete mathematical structures and their use in 
computer software. Stacks, lists, queues, hash tables, sorts, linked lists. 
Prerequisite: CS 248, MA 222 or permission. 3 credits. 

345. Business Computer Systems. An overview of computer hardware 
and software from micro to mainframe. Batch processing, time sharing, 
word processing, spreadsheets. Data processing and communication. 
Management of and with computers. Prerequisite: CS 147. 3 credits. 

346. Data Algorithms. Methodology of data processing. Representation, 
storage, and retrieval of data. Methods to sort, merge, and match data. 
Sequential, random, indexed, and hash files. Prerequisite: One 200 level 
language course. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits 

400. Internship. 1-15 credits. 

441. Computer Languages and Compilers. Syntax and semantics of 
languages. Lexical analysis, parsing, and translation. Compiler design. 
Prerequisite: CS 342. 3 credits. 

442. Microcomputer Systems. The architecture of microcomputers. 
Programming in assembly language. Interfacing microcomputer compo- 
nents. The design of microcomputer operating systems. Prerequisite: CS 
147. 3 credits. 



70 



445. Database Management. The organization of files. Database struc- 
ture and implementations. Integrity and security of databases. Major 
DBM systems. Prerequisite: two 300 level courses. 3 credits. 

446. Computer Systems Analysis and Design. Principles of computer 
management. Design tools and techniques. Hardware, operating systems, 
languages and their interrelations. Implementation and evaluation of 
computer systems. Prerequisite: CS 345 or MA 335 and two level 300 
courses. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Individual work on one of a large choice of 
mini and microcomputers languages, software packages, and graphics. 
Variable credit. 

Economics (EC) 

The major program in economics is offered in the History, Political Sci- 
ence and Economics department, which is described on page 38. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in economics. 

MAJOR: EC 110,120,201,203,233,312, 6 elective hours in economics; AC 
161, 162; CS 147 or 170; EN 210; MA 150 or 160 or 161 or 111; MA 170 
or 270 or 372; MG 222,330,485; PH 260 (54 hours) 

MINOR: EC 110,120,201,203,312; one from AC 161, MG 100, or one 
elective course in economics (18 credits). 

Courses in Economics 

110. Principles of Economics I. An introductory study of macroeco- 
nomic principles, with emphasis on national income determination, the 
price level, employment, economic growth, money and banking, and 
government monetary and fiscal policies. 3 credits. 

120. Principles of Economics II. An introductory study of microeco- 
nomic principles, with emphasis on price, production, and distribution 
theories under conditions of varying market structures. Factor market 
analysis as well as implications for welfare economics and public policy 
are considered. 3 credits. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and economic analysis of 
current public issues. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 



71 



201. Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis. Managerial and economic 
decision-making of business firms, with emphasis on sales, costs, profit, 
and resource allocation. The course provides a study of the tools of anal- 
ysis, including the use of computers. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 
credits. 

203. Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis. A study of national income 
and employment theory, with primary emphasis on determination of the 
levels of employment and prices. The problems of unemployment and 
inflation are analyzed and appropriate monetary and fiscal policies con- 
sidered. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic En- 
vironment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as an 
economic analytical and business management tool. Topics include eco- 
nomic data analysis, economic graphics, and decision support systems. 
Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120, or permission. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of money and credit, 
including the development and role of commercial and central banking, 
structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System, and monetary and 
banking theory, policy, and practice. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 
credits. 

321. Public Finance. A study of the economic functioning of govern- 
ment, including principles of taxation, public expenditures, debt, and 
fiscal policy. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

332. International Economics. A study of theories and empirical analy- 
sis of international exonomic relations. Topics include analyses of free 
exchange of goods, factors, and money, restrictive trade policies, and 
freer economic practices. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, government, or other 
organization. Ordinarily for juniors and seniors only. Prerequisite: GPA 
of 2.75 in major and permission of department chair. 1-15 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of economic thought 
through the principal schools from mercantilism to the present. Attention 
is given to the analysis of the various theories of value, wages, interest, 
rent, profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, and to the 
influences of earlier economic ideas upon current thinking and policy- 
making. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 



72 



411. Economic Growth and Development. Theoretical and empirical 
analysis of problems of economic development in both underdeveloped 
and advanced countries. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course to allow the student to investigate an 
economic subject not incorporated into the curriculum. Ordinarily for 
juniors or seniors only. By permission of department chair. 1-6 credits. 

Education (ED) 

The Education department is described on page 33. 

The program in Elementary Education is described on page 33 and that 
in Secondary Education on page 33. 

MINOR: ED 1 10, GO 1 12; one of EE 270, EE 341 , EE 361 ; one of EE 
250, EE 332, GO 111; one of ED 346, ED 391, SE 420, ED 442; EE 280 
or SE 280, 1-3 credits. (16-18 credits) 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study of the social, historical and 
philosophical foundations of American education correlated with a sur- 
vey of the principles and theories of influential educators. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. A study of the 
preparation and use of instructional technology, media, and equipment. 3 
credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. An introduction to cur- 
rent research and practices concerning exceptionalities in children, includ- 
ing the handicapped and gifted. The course includes attention to policies, 
legislation, programs, methods and materials. Various resource personnel 
are invited to address pertinent issues. The course includes a minimum of 
one hour per week field experience in local programs designed to meet 
the needs of exceptional children. Prerequisites: ED 110,PSY 100. 3 
credits. 



73 



491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 credits per semester. 

Elementary Education (Teacher Certification) (EE) 

The Education department is described on page 33. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in elementary educa- 
tion. 

MAJOR: ED 110; EE 220,250,270,332, 341,342,344,361,362,440,499; AR 
401; GO 111; HI 125 or 126; MA 100 or equivalent; PSY 100,220,321.(66 
credits) 
The minor in education is described on page 33. 

Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elemen- 
tary education majors in developing music skills for the classroom, in- 
cluding the playing of instruments, singing, using notation, listening, 
movement, and creative application. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. An intro- 
duction to contemporary research, theories, programs, curricula, meth- 
ods, and materials in early childhood education, nursery school through 
grade 2. Includes required field experience in a local early childhood 
center. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of literature for children from in- 
fants through grade 8, including extensive classroom examination of 
books, poetry, storytelling, and audiovisual resources in children's litera- 
ture. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in the Elementary School. Supervised field experi- 
ences in appropriate school settings. Prerequisite: Permission. 1-3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. A study of basic 
concepts in general science, earth and space science, physical and biologi- 
cal science, and environmental studies. The course emphasizes the expe- 
riential nature of science in the elementary classroom with special empha- 
sis on the materials and methodologies appropriate to young children. 3 
credits. 



74 



341,342. Teaching of Reading 1,11. The fundamentals of teaching chil- 
dren to read, from the readiness programs of early childhood education 
to the more comprehensive techniques required to teach reading in all 
subject areas of the curricula in elementary and middle schools. Effective 
reading programs, methods, and materials are examined first hand. At- 
tention is given to the classroom teacher's diagnosis of reading difficulties 
with an eye to preventive and prescriptive teaching. Includes during each 
semester one hour per week of tutoring of selected elementary school 
students. Prerequisite: EE 270. 3 credits per semester. 

344. Health and Safety Education. A study of basic health and safety 
practices and procedures as applied to the elementary school, including a 
program of physical education for elementary school children, an Ameri- 
can Red Cross-approved program of first aid, and an evaluation of 
sources and use of materials. Prerequisites: ED 110; PSY 220. 3 credits. 

361. Language Arts in the Elementary School. The content, methods 
and materials for teaching oral and written language beginning with early 
childhood: listening, speaking, creative and practical writing, as well as 
the related skills of creative dramatics, handwriting, grammar and usage. 
The course is designed to assist teachers in helping children to communi- 
cate effectively and responsibly in a creative manner. 3 credits. 

362. Social Studies in the Elementary School. An examination of the 
content, methods and role of social studies in the elementary school, 
beginning with early childhood. The curriculum is examined from two 
vantage points: the daily lives of children as they relate to developing 
values and attitudes, and the planned study of people as they live and 
have lived in our world. The development of a teaching unit and the 
examination of learning resources contribute to a sound instructional 
program. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire semester in a 
classroom of an area public school under the supervision of a carefully 
selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative grade 
point average of 2.0 during the first six semesters of college is required. 
Prerequisites: ED 110; PSY 220; EE 250,270,332,341,342,361,362, and 
permission. 3-12 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to pertinent issues in educa- 
tion are researched and discussed by the participants in the course. Issues 



75 



relating to problems in student teaching or to further professional growth 
in the profession are explored. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 credits per semester. 

Engineering 

The co-operative ("3+2") Engineering program is described under the 
listing for the Physics department on page 53. 

English (EN) 

The English department is described on page 35. 
DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in English. 

MAJOR: Core requirements: EN 200,331,499; one from EN 340-349; 
three from EN 220,225,226,227,228 (21 credits). Students planning to 
receive secondary certification in English will also take EN 218 and EN 
334. 

Literature concentration: Core; Two additional survey courses (EN 220- 
228); three additional major authors (EN 340-349) or special topics 
courses (36 total credits). 

Communications concentration: Core; EN 213; three additional commu- 
nications courses; 3 credits of EN 499 (36 total credits). 

MINOR (Literature): EN 200,220; two from EN 225,226,227,228; two 
additional literature courses (18 credits). 

MINOR (Communications): EN 200,213,220; three additional communi- 
cations courses (18 credits). 

Courses in English 

111,112. English Composition I, II. Both semesters help the student find 
her or his own voice within the demands and expectations of public ex- 
pression. These courses emphasize the development of clear, organized, 
and rhetorically effective prose. 3 credits per semester. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

200. Introduction to Literary Studies. An introduction to the basic 
methodology, tools, terminology, and concepts of the study of literature. 
3 credits. 
210. Management Communications. The development of reading, writ- 



76 



ing, and listening skills for management in the business community. Pre- 
requisites: EN 111,112 or permission. 3 credits. 

213. Journalistic Writing. The development of the basic skills of jour- 
nalistic writing. 3 credits. 

214. Media Writing. The application of basic journalistic skills to maga- 
zines, public relations, publicity, radio, and television. 3 credits. 

216. Technical Writing. The development of writing skills with the con- 
text of technical and scientific writing, with emphasis on style and forms. 
3 credits. 

218. Oral Communications. Introduction to oral communication, with 
emphasis on effective public speaking. 3 credits. 

219. Creative Writing. The making of fiction or poetry (in alternate 
offerings) in a workshop setting. 3 credits. 

220. Masters of American Literature. A study of selected major authors 
representing various periods of American Literature. 3 credits. 225. Sur- 
vey of English Literature I. An examination of English literature from 
the beginnings to about 1800. 3 credits. 

225. Survey of English Literature I. An examination of English litera- 
ture from the beginning to about 1800. 3 credits 

226. Survey of English Literature II. An examination of English litera- 
ture from about 1800 to the present. 3 credits. 

227,228. World Literature I, II. An examination of major themes in 
Western thought through major literary works from the ancient Greeks 
to the moderns. 227 is not prerequisite to 228. 3 credits per semester. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

331. History of the English Language. An examination of English 
sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary, as well as a brief survey of 
standards of correctness and current usage. 3 credits. 

334. Modern Grammars. A review of traditional grammar and a survey 
of recent grammatical concepts resulting from developments in structural 
linguistics. Prerequisite: EN 331. 3 credits. 

335. The Novel. A study of the development of the English novel from 
Richardson to Joyce. 3 credits. 

336. Theatre Workshop. A study of the elements of theatre as oriented 
toward stage presentation, with classroom practice in production of 
scenes and whole plays. 3 credits. 



77 



338. Contemporary Drama. A survey-workshop of Continental, British, 
and American drama from Ibsen to the present. 3 credits. 

339. History of the Theatre. A selection of Western and some Oriental 
dramas from Aeschylus to Ibsen presented historically, with attention to 
theatre modes and techniques. 3 credits. 

340-349. Major Authors. An examination of works of individual impor- 
tant authors in American, English, and World literature. 3 credits each. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Supervised field experience in communications work. 1- 
15 semester hours credit. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar. This capstone course for English majors varies in con- 
tent. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. For the student who desires to engage in a 
project of independent work, whether enrolled in the departmental hon- 
ors program or not. Prerequisite: Permission. 1-3 credits per semester, 
(maximum of 9). 

Environmental Studies 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in environmental stud- 
ies through the cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may 
major in biology, economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon 
Valley. All such students shall include BI 111,112,302; EC 110,120; MA 
161 or 111; MA 170, regardless of major, and shall meet the general re- 
quirements of the College. See also page 21. 

Foreign Language (FL) 

(See also French, German, Greek, and Spanish) 

The Foreign Languages department is described on page 36. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in foreign language. 

MAJOR: FL 250, 24 credits above the intermediate level in one language, 
12 credits above the intermediate level in a second language (39 credits). 
For teaching certification FL 440 is also required. 

Courses in Foreign Language 



78 



250. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory study of language as 
a communication system, designed for majors and non-majors and taught 
in English. 3 credits. 

260. Approaches to Culture. A survey of contemporary life in French, 
German and Spanish speaking countries. Topics may include customs, 
values, social structures, geography, and current issues. Taught in En- 
glish. 3 credits. 

440. Methods of Teaching Foreign Language. A comprehensive study of 
modern teaching methods, with emphasis on basic skills for secondary 
school level instruction. Prerequisite: FR 316, or SP 316, or GER 316. 2 
credits. 

Forestry 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in forestry through the 
cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biol- 
ogy, economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All 
such students shall take BI 111,112,302; EC 110,120; MA 161 or 111; 
MA 170, regardless of major, and shall meet the general requirements of 
the College. See also page 21. 

French (FR) 

The major and minor in French are offered in the Foreign Languages 
department, which is described on page 36. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in French. 

MAJOR: 24 credits in French above the intermediate level, FL 250 (27 
credits). 

MINOR: 18 credits in French above the intermediate level. Courses in 
advanced conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly 
recommended. 

Courses in French 

101,102. Elementary French 1,11. Introductory courses in French. 3 
credits per semester. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational French I, II. A review of French 



79 



grammar, emphasizing practice in conversation, comprehension, reading, 
and writing. Prerequisite: FR 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

311. Introduction to French Literature. Practice in the careful reading 
of literary texts and in the basic language skills. Prerequisite: FR 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living French 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the 
writer to current problems. Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. French Culture. A study of modern France. Special attention is 
paid to those qualities, characteristics, and traditions which are uniquely 
French. Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written French. An advanced grammatical and stylistic level 
with emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: 
FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business French. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, governmental or social 
organization. 1-15 credits. 

410. French Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of 
medieval French literature to 1600. Prerequisite: FR 311 or 316 or per- 
mission. 3 credits. 

420. French Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. A study of major 
French authors of this era, the apogee of French civilization, including 
Corneille, Racine, Moliere, La Fontaine, and Pascal. Prerequisite: FR 
311 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A study of the main liter- 
ary and philosophical currents of the Eighteenth Century. Emphasis will 
be placed on the works of Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire, and Rousseau. 
Prerequisite: FR 300 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The Modern French Novel. A study of the French novel. Limited 
to the study of novels of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prereq- 
uisite: FR 311 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A study of theatre and 



80 



poetry of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: FR 311 
or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: FR 316 or equivalent. 1-6 credits. 

General Education (GE) 

The required courses in General Education are described on page 21. 

General Studies 
Bachelors Degree 

The bachelors degree program in General Studies is intended for students 
who desire the widest possible choice in selecting a program of study. 
Students may choose their courses freely from among the arts, humani- 
ties, sciences, and social sciences. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science with a major in Gen- 
eral Studies. 

Requirements: The general requirements of the College; 24 or more 
credits selected from courses at the 300 level or above; free electives to 
complete the number of credits required for graduation; a cumulative 
grade point average of 2.00 or better. 

Associate Degree 

The associate degree program in general studies is intended for students 
who do not wish to concentrate in a single area. In this program they 
may select their courses freely from among the arts, humanities, sciences, 
and social sciences. 

DEGREE: Associate of Arts or Associate of Science with a major in 
General Studies. 

Requirements: 27 credits from the general requirements including EN 
111,112, LC 100 or 111, and one course from each of the other General 
Requirement areas, except physical education; 33 credits of free electives; 
a cumulative grade point average of 2.00. 



81 



Geography (GO) 

Courses in geography are offered to acquaint students with the physical 
and cultural aspects of the world in which they live and to introduce 
them to geography as a discipline. The courses are recommended for all 
students who wish to broaden their understanding of the world. 

Courses in Geography 

111. Physical Geography. A survey of the physical aspects of the earth, 
its place in the solar system, earth movements, waters, landforms, cli- 
mate, soil types, weather, and processes that form and change the earth's 
surface. 3 credits. 

112. Cultural Geography. A survey of the various geographic regions of 
the world and their cultural features, including their natural resources, 
economy, social and religious customs, food supply, populations, ecology, 
and topical geography. Students explore the events and forces that have 
divided the globe into two basic sets of countries, those of the technologi- 
cal world and those of the developing world. Special attention is given to 
heightening students' international awareness and appreciation for diverse 
cultures. 3 credits. 

German (GR) 

The major and minor in German are offered in the Foreign Languages 
department, which is described on page 36. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in German. 

MAJOR: 24 credits in German above the intermediate level; FL 250. (27 
credits). 

MINOR: 18 credits in German above the intermediate level. Courses in 
advanced conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly 
recommended. 

Courses in German 

100. Elementary German. Self-paced. A beginning course for the stu- 
dent who wishes to proceed at his own pace. A student may earn from 2 
to 6 credits, depending on the amount of work completed. The student 
does not attend class but uses specially developed materials and may call 
on the instructor for aid. With the approval of the instructor, a student 



82 



may enroll in this class for more than one semester until a total of 6 
credits has been earned. 

101,102. Elementary German I, II. Introductory courses in German. 3 
credits per semester. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational German I, II. A review of German 
grammar, with practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and 
writing. Prerequisite: GR 102 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

210. Scientific German. An introduction to scientific writing in German. 

The vocabulary and syntax of scientific writing with emphasis on the 

accurate translations of texts. Taught in English. Prerequisite: GR 102. 3 

credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

311. Introduction to German Literature. Practice in the careful reading 
of literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: GR 
202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living German 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the 
writer to current problems. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. German Culture. Study of the major features of contemporary 
German life. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written German on an advanced grammatical and stylistic 
level, with emphasis on the use of the language in practical situations. 
Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business German. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, governmental or social 
organization. 1-15 credits. 

410. The German Heritage. A survey of German culture and civilization 
including history, music, art, literature, and philosophy. Prerequisite: GR 
311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. The Age of Heroes. An exploration of the idea held by writers 
from the medieval through the baroque periods that an exemplary indi- 
vidual is the proper measure and focus of human aspiration and achieve- 
ment. Prerequisite: GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

83 



430. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of these literary figures, with 
an examination of their society and artistic achievements. Prerequisite: 
GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The German Novelle. The novelle as a literary genre, as well as its 
development through the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequi- 
site: GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. German Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of represen- 
tative works by leading authors of the century and current literary move- 
ments. Prerequisite: GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1-6 credits. 

Greek (GK) 
Courses in Greek 

101,102. Elementary Greek I, II. Introductory study in the basics of 
ancient Greek. 3 credits per semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Greek I, II. Readings from Greek literature. First 
semester includes readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second 
semester includes readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. Prerequisite: GK 
102. 3 credits per semester. 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 
credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 
credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 



Health Care Management 

The Management department is described on page 39. 

The major in health care management is designed for people in health 
care fields who possess an associate degree or diploma and professional 
certification. These qualifications are required for admission to the pro- 



84 



gram. The program combines studies in the liberal arts and management, 
plus business practices common to the health care industry. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in health care man- 
agement. 

MAJOR: AC 161,162, CS 147 or 170, EC 110,120, EN 111,210, LC 100, 
MA 170, MG 330,371, PH 260; 9-12 credits in sociology, psychology, or 
other disciplines approved by the Dean of Continuing Education; and a 
concentration. 

Management concentration: MG 497; 4 from EC 201, MG 340,361, 
372,384,460,485. 

Human resources concentration: MG 420,425, PSY 346, PSY 337 or MG 
350; one 300 or 400 level course approved by the Dean of Continuing 
Education. 

Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional training in the medical 
(medicine, osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and 
dentistry) and veterinary fields. Students interested in one of these careers 
usually follow a science curriculum with a major in biochemistry, biology 
or chemistry. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional 
study, the student who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate 
in a cooperative program between the College and local veterinarians, 
specializing in both small and large animal medicine. Students not only 
receive credit for the work, but also gain valuable experience in the field. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the 
Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine have established an acceler- 
ated curriculum consisting of a minimum of 90 undergraduate semester 
hours and four years of podiatric medical education. Following three 
years of study at Lebanon Valley College a student may be recommended 
for further study at the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. 
Lebanon Valley College then awards the baccalaureate degree, with a 
major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry, to those students who com- 
plete successfully one year of basic science education at the Pennsylvania 
College of Podiatric Medicine. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study in 



85 



addition to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in 
health professions careers. 

Lebanon Valley College graduates have been admitted to some of the 
nation's finest schools including Johns Hopkins University Medical 
School, The University of Pennsylvania, The University of Pittsburgh, 
Jefferson Medical School, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Temple 
University, The University of Maryland, The Philadelphia College of 
Osteopathic Medicine, The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine 
and the Pennsylvania College of Optometry. 

Honors (HC) 

The Honors program and courses are described on page 25. 

History (HI) 

The History, Political Science, and Economics department is described on 

page 38. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in history. 

MAJOR: HI 125,126,213,499,500; one course from among HI 225,227, 

229,241,310; two courses from among HI 201,203,205,207,331,335, 

341; three elective courses in history and one in political science (36 

credits). 

MINOR: HI 125,126,213; one course from among HI 225,227,229, 

241,310; two courses from among HI 201,203,205,207,331,335, 

341 (18 credits). 

Courses in History 

125. Survey of United States History I. The story of America from 
Columbus to the Civil War. 3 credits. 

126. Survey of United States History II. The story of America from 
Reconstruction to the Reagan years. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

201. Ancient History: Greece and Rome. The beginnings of civilization, 
with particular emphasis upon the cultural developments of the Greeks 
and Romans. 3 credits. 

203. The Middle Ages. A study of the thousand-year period that saw 



86 



the emergence of a Christian European civilization. Political, social, eco- 
nomic, and intellectual aspects are emphasized. 3 credits. 

205. Early Modern Europe. The Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific 
Revolution, and the development of national political states, especially in 
the 17th and 18th centuries. 3 credits. 

207. Europe in the 20th Century. Developments in Europe from 1914 to 

the present, with particular attention to the impact of the world wars. 3 

credits. 

213. History and Historians. The lives and ideas of the great historians 

from ancient Greeks to recent America. 3 credits. 

225. The Colonies and the American Revolution. A study of how Euro- 
peans seized the New World, transformed themselves into Americans, 
and fought to build a republic in a world of monarchies. 3 credits. 

227. Civil War and Reconstruction. A study of how sectional divisions 
over slavery led to a bloody war and a bitter postwar effort to reshape 
Southern society. 3 credits. 

229. America in the Atomic Age. The impact of World War II, the cold 
war, social change, and international responsibilities upon America since 
1941. 3 credits. 

241. Pennsylvania History. The story of Pennsylvania's founding, settle- 
ment, expansion, and development from William Penn to the present. 3 
credits. 
291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

310. American Business History. A survey of the lives and ideas of busi- 
ness leaders, the development of the American economy, and the rela- 
tions between business, society, and government from colonial days to 
the present. 3 credits. 

331. Nazi Germany and World War II. Covers the roots of Nazism, the 
experience of Germany's Weimar Republic, Hitler's rise to power, and 
the European War of 1939-1945. 3 credits. 

335. Intellectual History Since the Renaissance. A survey of Western 
thought as it reflected and influenced European society, with emphasis on 
the major writers. 3 credits. 

341. Survey of Russian History. The development of Russia and the 
Soviet Union from Kievan beginnings to the present, with emphasis upon 
the period since 1600. 3 credits. 



87 



360. A Military History of the American People. A survey of American 
military institutions from Old World traditions to the post Vietnam era. 
Emphasis on the constitutional, diplomatic, political, economic and social 
environments in which military decisions are made and executed; the 
development of the American army; the causes of war and the impact of 
peace; and the ways in which war affects Americans and their country. 
The course also features biographical case studies in both command lead- 
ership and the life of common soldiers. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field experience. Participants 
will be selected by members of the department staff. 3-6 credits per se- 
mester; maximum of 15 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar. Readings, discussions, and evaluations of important 
works of history. Open to history majors, and to others by permission of 
instructor. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Permission required. 1-3 credits per semester; 
maximum of 9 credits. 

Hotel Management (HM) 

The Hotel Management is offered in The Management department, which 
is described on page 39. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in hotel management. 

MAJOR: HM 111,112,211,222,231,311,322,331,411,422,431; AC 161,162; 
EC 120; MG 330,340,420,485; EN 210; PH 260 (60 credits). 

MINOR: HM 111,112,211,222,231,311; AC 161 (21 credits). 
Courses in Hotel Management 

111. Introduction to the Hotel Industry. History, development and oper- 
ation of the hotel industry. Emphasis on current organization, problems, 
opportunities and trends. Overview of how the hotel industry functions 
in the world economy. Management orientation stressed. 3 credits. 

112. Front Office Management. An analysis of the integrated functions 
of the front office and housekeeping departments. Topics include work 
and information flow within and between departments, demand forecast- 
ing, pricing strategies, reservations and control, front desk responsibili- 
ties, guest services, emergency procedures, night auditing, and a general 

88 



introduction to the art of innkeeping. Materials, equipment and tech- 
niques involved in the housekeeping function will also be analyzed. Pre- 
requisite: HM 111.3 credits. 

211. Hotel Law. Fundamentals of hotel law including innkeeper laws 
and dramshop laws. The case study method develops an awareness and 
understanding of the legal problems confronting hotel managers. Prereq- 
uisite: HM 111.3 credits. 

221. The Psychology and Sociology of Leisure. An analysis of the fun- 
damental psychological and sociological concepts and theories related to 
the motivation for travel. Review of consumer behavior in the hotel in- 
dustry. Evaluating customer needs and services. Prerequisite: HM 111 
and permission. 3 credits. 

222. Food and Beverage Management I. Introduction to the food and 
beverage functions with emphasis on menu planning and purchasing. 
Includes fundamentals and language, systems, equipment, operational 
responsibilities, management organizational patterns, nutrition, storage, 
and sanitation. Relevant computer software applications are reviewed in 
depth. Prerequisite: HM 111. 3 credits. 

231. Supervised Field Experience: Front Office Management. Empha- 
sizes selected aspects of front office management. Accompanied by read- 
ings, reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five 
(135) hours of field work in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HM 112 and 
permission. 3 credits. 

311. Advanced Hotel Management. An analysis of the following aspects 
of hotel organizations: health, safety and security; building and grounds; 
equipment purchase, repair and maintenance; facilities design; renovation 
and maintenance; internal controls; energy management; and computer 
systems. Prerequisite: HM 112. 3 credits. 

322. Food and Beverage Management II. Analysis of the food and bev- 
erage functions with emphasis on production and services. Relevant com- 
puter software applications are reviewed in depth. Prerequisite: HM 112. 
3 credits. 

331. Supervised Field Experience: Marketing. Emphasizes selected as- 
pects of marketing techniques and research. Accompanied by readings, 
reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) 
hours of field work in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HM 112, MG 340 
and permission. 3 credits. 

422. Food and Beverage Management III. Advanced analyses of the 
food and beverage functions with emphasis on cost control and profit 

89 



planning. Relevant computer software applications are reviewed in depth. 
Prerequisite: HM 322. 3 credits. 

431. Supervised Field Experience: Accounting and Finance. Emphasizes 
selected aspects of accounting and financial management concepts and 
techniques. Accompanied by readings, reports, journals, and faculty 
conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work in the 
hotel industry. 3 credits. 

International Business 

The program in International Business is offered jointly by the Foreign 
Languages, which is described on page 36, and the Management depart- 
ment, which is described on page 39. 

The program in international business provides an opportunity to inte- 
grate the study of business with the knowledge of a foreign language and 
culture. It is designed to equip students with the background and skills 
necessary to work with foreign corporations within the United States and 
with American corporations abroad. While acquiring a strong liberal arts 
background, students who elect this major will receive training in ac- 
counting, management, economics and political science. They also will 
become familiar with a foreign culture and will acquire proficiency in 
French, German or Spanish. International business majors are encour- 
aged to apply for internships in order to gain valuable field experience. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in international busi- 
ness. 

MAJOR: AC 161,162; EC 110,120,332; MG 330,340,361,376,485; PS 
210,230,312; RE 140; CS 147 or 170; MA 150 or 160 or 161 or 111; MA 
170 or 270 or 372; FR, GER, SP 315,316; and two other courses in the 
selected foreign language above the intermediate level (63-65 credits). 

Leadership Studies (LC) 

The program and courses in Leadership Studies is described on page 23. 

Management (MG) 

The Management Department is described on page 39. 
DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in management. 



90 



MAJOR: AC 161,162; EC 110,120; EN 210; CS 147 (or 170); MG 
222,233,330, 340,361,371,460,483,485; MA 150 (or 111 or 160 or 161); 
MA 170 (or 270 or 372); PH 260 (54-56 credits) 

Courses in Management 

100. Business and Its Environment. An overview of business operations 
for the non-business major. Specialized fields within business organiza- 
tions are analyzed. The environment and the role of business in modern 
society are examined. Not open to accounting, economics, management, 
or international business majors except where specifically required for a 
certificate or degree program. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative 
methods used in modern management science and economics. Topics 
include probability concepts, forecasting, decision theory, linear program- 
ming, queuing theory, network models, and Markov analysis. Prerequi- 
sites: MA 150 and 170. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic En- 
vironment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a 
business management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory 
exercises the student is exposed to commonly used business applications. 
Topics covered include word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database 
management, business graphics, decision support systems, and integrated 
accounting packages. Prerequisite: AC 151 or 161, EC 110 or 120, or 
permission. 3 credits. 

250. Real Estate Fundamentals and Practice. This course acquaints the 
student with aspects of listing, selling, and leasing property. Includes 
listing and selling techniques; contracts; financing; including FHA and 
VA; qualifying the customer; settlement procedures, including prorations; 
and special fields of real estate such as development and construction. 4 
credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

330. Principles of Management and Organizations. A study of manage- 
ment principles, organizational theory, and administrative techniques as 
they apply to the effective and efficient operation of both profit and 
nonprofit organizations. Emphasizes the organization's structure, leader- 
ship, interpersonal relationships, and managerial functions. Prerequisite: 
junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 



91 



340. Principles of Marketing. An overview of marketing from the man- 
agement perspective. Topics include marketing strategies; marketing re- 
search; consumer behavior; selecting target markets; developing, pricing, 
distributing, and promoting products; services and non-profit marketing. 
Prerequisite: junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

341. Consumer Behavior. Analysis of factors affecting purchase deci- 
sions in the marketplace; application of behavioral and social science 
concepts to the study of consumer behavior. Emphasis on use of knowl- 
edge of consumer behavior for marketing decisions. Prerequisite: MG 
330 and MG 340, or permission. 3 credits. 

361. Managerial Finance. A study of financial management covering 
analysis of asset, liability and capital relationships and operations; man- 
agement of current assets and working capital; capital planning and bud- 
geting; capital structure and dividend policy; short- and intermediate- 
term financing; internal and external long-term financing; mergers and 
acquisitions; multinational operations; and corporation failures and liqui- 
dation. Prerequisite: AC 152 or AC 162; EC 110, 120; MG 222. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. An analysis of investment and its relation to other 
economic, legal, and social institutions. The course includes discussion of 
investment principles, machinery, policy, management investment types, 
and the development of portfolios for individuals and institutions. Pre- 
requisite: MG 361. 3 credits. 

364. Advertising. The role advertising plays in American life and its 
effect upon consumer behavior. Analysis of media strategies, functions of 
advertising agencies, creation of successful advertisements, and the legal 
and ethical restraints on advertising. Prerequisite: MG 340. 3 credits. 

371. Business Law I. Elementary principles of law as they relate to the 
field of business. The course covers contracts, government regulation of 
business, consumer protection, bankruptcy, personal property, real estate, 
bailments, insurance and estates. Prerequisite: AC 152 or 162 highly 
recommended. 3 credits. 

372. Business Law II. Elementary principles of law relating to business. 
Includes agency, employment, comercial paper, security devices, insur- 
ance, partnerships, corporation, estates, bankruptcy. Prerequisite: AC 
152 or 162 highly recommended. 3 credits. 

376. International Business Management. A study of the management 
techniques and procedures necessary in international and multinational 
organizations. Prerequisite: MG 340. 3 credits. 



92 



380. Small Business Management. A study of small business, including 
organization, staffing, production, marketing, and profit planning. Cases 
are used extensively in presenting the course material. Prerequisite: AC 
152 or 162, MG 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

384. Marketing Research. An introduction to the methodology of mar- 
keting research. Specific topics covered include problem formulation, 
research design, sample design, data collection, analysis and interpreta- 
tion of data, and presentation of research findings. Prerequisite: MG 330 
and MG 340. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, government, or other 
organization. Ordinarily for juniors or seniors, only. Prerequisite: G.P.A. 
of 2.75 in major and permission. 1-15 credits. 

420. Personnel Management. This course examines the problems in 
effectively recruiting, selecting, training, developing, compensating, and 
discipling human resources; it includes both equal employment opportu- 
nity and labor-management relations. Prerequisite: MG 330 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

425. Labor and Industrial Relations. Emphasis on the origin, growth, 
and development of labor organizations and the impact of such organiza- 
tions on management practices. Topics included are: legislation affecting 
industrial relations; collective bargaining process; contract administration; 
industrial jurisprudence; and arbitration. Prerequisite: MG 330 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

460. Management Information Systems. Examines data sources and the 
role of information in the organization for purposes of management 
planning, operations, and control in various types of business environ- 
ments. Treats information as a key organizational resource parallel to 
people, money, materials, and technology. Views information and its uses 
within a general systems framework. Prerequisite: AC 152 or 162, CS 
147 or 170, MG 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

483. Production and Operations Management. An overview of the 
production/operations management function as applied to both manufac- 
turing and service organizations. It provides a background of the con- 
cepts and processes used in the production/service operations area. Inte- 
grated throughout are considerations of the information systems, the 
people involved, the quantitative techniques employed, and the interna- 
tional implications. Prerequisite: MG 222 and MG 330, or permission. 3 
credits. 

93 



485. Business Policy. A capstone course to study administrative pro- 
cesses under conditions of uncertainty, integrating prior studies in man- 
agement, accounting, and economics. Uses the case method and a com- 
puter simulation. Prerequisite: senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. A course to allow the student to investigate a 
management subject not incorporated into the curriculum. Ordinarily for 
juniors or seniors, only. By permission of Department chairman. 1-6 
credits. 



Mathematics (MA) 

The Mathematical Sciences department is described on page 41. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in mathematics. 

MAJOR: MA 111,112,202,211,222,499, CS 147, five courses in mathe- 
matics (15 credits) numbered above 300, as approved to include a balance 
between abstract and applied courses. (40 total credits) 

MINOR: MA 111,112 or 161,162,211; MA 202,222, CS 147 and one 
mathematics course (3 credits) numbered above 300, approved by the 
advisor. (22 credits) 

Courses in Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics with Computers. A study of a 
variety of topics from mathematics and the use of the computer as a 
tool. Topics include: patterns and inductive reasoning, calculators, num- 
ber systems, nature of algebra, interest, installment buying, metric sys- 
tem, geometric concepts, computer word processing, and writing a com- 
puter program. 3 credits. 

102. Algebra and Trigonometry. An introduction to college algebra and 
trigonometry. Algebraic expressions and equations, inequalities, absolute 
value, exponents, logarithms, funcitonal notation, graphs of functions, 
systems of equations, modeling and work problems. Angular measure- 
ment, trigonometric functions, identities, formulas, radian measure, 
graphs of trigonometric and inverse functions. 3 credits. 

111,112. Analysis I, II. A rigorous calculus sequence for majors of the 
department. 5 credits per semester. 



94 



150. Finite Mathematics. Introduction to finite mathematics with em- 
phasis on economic and business applications. Topics include: sets and 
algebra, lines and systems of equations, matrices, linear programming, 
probability, statistics, Markov processes, mathematics of finance. 3 
credits. 

160. Calculus for Business. Introduction to differential and integral 
calculus with emphasis on concepts and techniques most applicable to 
business and economics. 3 credits. 

161. Calculus I. The first course of a calculus sequence with emphasis 
on applications. Topics include: functions and limits, differentiation, 
integration, introduction to logarithm and exponential functions. 3 
credits. 

162. Calculus II. Continuation of the calculus sequence. Additional 
applications of differentiation and integration, logarithm and exponential 
functions, inverse trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, improper inte- 
grals, Phopitals rule, infinite series, and conic sections. Prerequisite: MA 
161. 4 credits. 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive and inferential statis- 
tics. Topics include: graphical representation, measures of central ten- 
dency, probability, binomial distribution, normal distribution, hypothesis 
testing, estimation, comparison testing, linear models and correlation, 
and contingency tables. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

202. Foundations of Mathematics. Introduction to logic, set theory and 
real and complex numbers. Prerequisite: MA 112. 3 credits. 

211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis I, II. Prerequisite: MA 112 
or MA 162. 3 credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, systems of equations, applica- 
tions. Prerequisite: MA 112. 3 credits. 

261. Calculus HI. Continuation of Calculus I, II. Topics include: polar 
coordinates, parametric equations, vectors in the plane, three-dimensional 
space, partial derivatives, multiple integrals, and vector calculus. Prereq- 
uisite: MA 162. 3 credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order differential equa- 
tions, partial differential equations. Prerequisite: MA 211 or MA 162. 3 
credits. 



95 



270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of MA 170. Prerequi- 
site: MA 112 or MA 162. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, fields. Prerequi- 
site: MA 222. 3 credits. 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic development of Absolute, Euclidean and 
non-Euclidean geometries. Prerequisite: MA 112. 3 credits. 

335. Operations Research I. Linear programming, dynamic program- 
ming, integer programming, queueing theory, project scheduling, stochas- 
tic simulation, and decision analysis. Prerequisite: MA 222, 371. 3 
credits. 

336. Operations Research II. Continuation of topics from MA 335, and 
selected topics from goal programming, network analysis, game theory, 
stochastic processes, inventory theory, forecasting, and reliability. Prereq- 
uisite: MA 335. 3 credits. 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, probability law and 
distributions. Prerequisite: MA 211. 3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. Generating functions, decision theory, 
tests of hyportheses. Prerequisite: MA 371. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

412. Functional of a Complex Variable. Analytic functions. Cauchy 
theorem, conformal mapping. Prerequisite: MA 202. 3 credits. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. Issues of concern for the prospective second- 
ary school mathematics teacher. 1 credit. 

463. Numerical Analysis I. Iteration, interpolation, numerical integra- 
tion, and linear systems. Prerequisite: MA 266, CS 147. 3 credits. 

464. Numerical Analysis II. Continuation of MA 463, and differential 
equations, and matrix methods. Prerequisite: MA 463. 3 credits. 

471. Applied Statistics. Linear regression and correlation analysis, anal- 
ysis of variance, sampling, time series analysis. Prerequisite: MA 372. 3 
credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar. Problem solving techniques and other selected topics. 
Prerequisite: MA 211. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Independent study and research. Variable 
credit. 



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Medical Technology 

In addition to the degree described below, Lebanon Valley College also 
offers a "2+2" cooperative program in medical technology with Thomas 
Jefferson University and a "2+3" program with Hahnemann University, 
both in Philadelphia. These Programs are described on page 29. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology 

MAJOR: BI 100,111,112,306,322, eight additional credits in biology; CH 
111, 112,113,114,213,214,215,216; PHY 103,104; MA 170 (52 credits). 
The senior year is spent off-campus at an accredited hospital School of 
Medical Technology. It is the student's responsibility to apply and become 
accepted into a hospital program. Thirty (30) semester hours of credit are 
awarded for the successful completion of this year. 

Military Science (MI) 

The Military Science program is described on page 46. 

Requirements: MI 101,102,201,202,301,302,401,402; HI 360, an advanced 
writing course, and a course in human behavior. 

Courses in Military Science 

101,102. Introduction to Military Science. Emphasis on developing self- 
confidence and bearing. Instruction and weekly practical training in basic 
skills such as map reading, rappelling, weapons, communications, first 
aid, tactical movements, customs and courtesies, public speaking, and 
leadership. Meets one hour per week each semester. Also four to six Sat- 
urdays of voluntary adventure training and one formal social event each 
semester. 1 credit. 

201,202. Application of Military Science. Advanced instruction in topics 
introduced in the first year. Participation in operations and basic tactics 
to demonstrate leadership problems and to develop leadership skills. 
Meets two hours per week each semester. Also four to six Saturdays of 
voluntary adventure training and one formal social event each semester. 1 
credit. 

301,302. Advanced Application of Military Science. Emphasis on lead- 
ership. Situations require direct interaction with other cadets and test the 
student's ability to meet set goals and to get others to do the same. Stu- 
dents master basic tactical skills of the small unit leader. Meets two hours 



97 



per week and selected weekends each semester. Prerequisite: Open only to 
Advanced Course cadets. No credit. 

401,402. Command and Staff. Emphasis is placed on developing plan- 
ning and decision-making capabilities in the areas of military operations, 
logistics, and administration. Meets two hours per week and selected 
weekends each semester. Prerequisite: Open only to Advanced Course 
cadets. No credit. 

Music (MU) 

The Music department is described on page 48. 

DEGREES: Bachelor of Arts with a major in music; Bachelor of Music; 
Bachelor of Music with a major in Sacred Music; Bachelor of Science 
with a major in music education. 

MAJORS: Core courses in all music majors are MU 
115,116,117,118,215,217,226, 246,316,341,342,530, or 540, or 550 for the 
B.M. 

Music (B.A.): Core courses plus MU 224,315,329,462,510, plus 132 for 
voice majors, and 306 for piano majors, plus ensembles. 

Orchestral and Band Instruments (B.M.): Core courses plus MU 123,124 
(brass) or 231, 232 (woodwinds) or 127,328, (percussion); 
224,315,329,403,416,462,480,510 or 530, 520 or 530, plus ensembles. 

Piano (B.M.): Core courses plus MU 224,306,315,329,345 or 
347,406,411,416, 462,480,520 or 530, plus ensembles (4 credits) and ac- 
companying (6 credits). 

Sacred Music (B.M.): Core courses plus MU 224,315,329,347,462. Organ 
track: MU 132,321,322,351,352,354,421,422,520,530, (voice and piano). 
Voice track: MU 132,321,322,326,327,351,421,422,530 (organ and piano), 
plus ensembles. 

Music Education (B.S.): Core courses plus MU 123,124,127,231,232, 
328,333, 334,335,336,337,338,345 or 347,402 or 404,416,441,607, and 
609; ED 110; PSY 100 or 120, PSY 220, plus ensembles. Students whose 
performance medium is piano are required to study 1 year of voice. Stu- 
dents whose performance medium is voice are required to complete 2 
years of piano study. Students whose performance medium is a band or 
orchestral instrument are required to complete 2 years of piano study and 
1 year of voice study. All study includes class or private instruction. All 
students may earn up to 12 credits for ensemble participation. 



98 



MINOR: MU 115,116,117,341 or 342, 6 credits of Private Instruction 
(MU 530) and 4 credits in music ensembles or elective courses. All pro- 
grams must be approved by the Chairman. 

Courses in Music 

Enrollment in all music courses above the 100 level requires the permis- 
sion of the Chairman of the Department. 

115. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music and their notation. 
Harmonization of melodies and basses with fundamental triads. Analysis. 
2 credits. 

116. Harmony II. A study of inversions of triads, seventh chords, the 
principles of modulation and figured bass. Analysis of hymns and stan- 
dard literature. 2 credits. 

117. Ear Training and Sight Singing I. The singing and aural recogni- 
tion of intervals, scales triads and simple harmonic progressions. 2 
credits. 

118. Ear Training and Sight Singing II. A continuation of the 117, em- 
phasizing clef reading, modality, modulation and more complicated 
rhythmic devices and harmonic patterns. 2 credits. 

215. Harmony III. The writing and analysis of exercises and literature 
which include secondary dominant, diminished seventh chords and substi- 
tutes for diatonic harmony. Analysis and discussion of Twentieth Century 
compositional techniques. 2 credits. 

217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. An advanced ear training 
course using literature representing various stylistic periods and perfor- 
mance media as the basis for analysis, discussion and aural recognition. 2 
credits. 

224. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through 
three- and four-part work in all the species. 2 credits. 

226. Form and Analysis I. A study through analysis and listening of 
simple and compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and 
sonata forms. Emphasis is placed primarily upon structural content. The 
course provides experience and skill in both aural and visual analysis. 2 
credits. 

315. Harmony IV. Elementary Composition. Exposure to the composi- 
tion of various forms, including theme and variation, rondo, song and 
dance forms; exploration of Twentieth Century compositional techniques. 
2 credits. 

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316. Keyboard Harmony. Score reading and the realization of figured 
bass at the keyboard, transposition, and improvisation. The successful 
completion of a piano jury is required for admission to the course. 2 
credits. 

392. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis and listening of 
fugal forms, suite, complex sonata forms and techniques for analysis of 
certain contemporary styles of music. 2 credits. 

416. Orchestration. A study of instrumentation and the devices and 
techniques for scoring transcriptions, arrangements and solos for orches- 
tra and band, with special emphasis on practical scoring for mixed en- 
sembles as they occur in public schools. Laboratory analysis and perfor- 
mance. Scoring of original works. 2 credits. 

Materials and Methods 

132. Diction for Singers. An introduction to the pronunciation of sing- 
er's English, German, French, Italian, and Latin, utilizing the Interna- 
tional Phonetic Alphabet. Required for sacred music majors and for 
voice students majoring in music; open to other students with approval 
of the instructor. 1 credit. 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elemen- 
tary education majors in developing music skills for the classroom, in- 
cluding the playing of instruments, singing, notation, listening, move- 
ment, and creative application. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in Music Education. Supervised field experiences 
in appropriate settings. Required pass/fail. Prerequisites: ED 110 and 
permission. 1-3 credits. 

326. Vocal Literature. A survey of solo vocal literature, with emphasis 
on teaching repertoire. Extensive listening is required. Students may have 
opportunities to perform works studied. 2 credits. 

327. Vocal Pedagogy. This course is designed to prepare the advanced 
voice student to teach private lessons at the secondary school level. Stu- 
dents in the class are expected to develop vocal exercise procedures, be- 
come familiar with suitable teaching repertoire and apply teaching proce- 
dures in a laboratory situation. Selected writings in vocal pedagogy and 
voice therapy will be studied. 2 credits. 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. A comprehen- 
sive study of general music teaching at the elementary school level, the 
philosophy of music education, varied approaches for developing concep- 



100 



tual learning and music skills, creative applications, and analysis of mate- 
rials. 3 credits. 

334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Junior High/Middle 
School. A study of materials and approaches appropriate for general 
music classes in the junior high/middle school, including adolescent 
voices, musically-oriented learning experiences, and planning a general 
curriculum. 3 credits. 

335. Methods and Materials: Instrumental. A comprehensive study of 
methods and materials applicable to the teaching of band and orchestral 
instruments and instrumental groups from elementary through high 
school levels. Topics include: an overview of the historical and philosoph- 
ical perspectives of music education, development of organizational skills 
and administrative responsibilities and a review of the playing and teach- 
ing techniques of all instruments. 3 credits. 

336. Music Education Field Practicum. Students are placed in schools 
one hour per week where they are involved in various situations and 
teaching experiences. They are required to keep a log of their experiences 
and meet with college supervisors who visit them in the schools. 1 credit. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Problems. A lecture/discussion 
course designed to highlight the typical problems confronting the school 
instrumental music teacher. Topics include: marching band charting and 
show design techniques, instrument repair and maintenance, selection of 
beginners, rehearsal scheduling, budgeting, evaluation, literature selec- 
tion, and organization of festivals, contests, trips, and public perfor- 
mances. Individual research projects and student presentations. 2 credits. 

403. Pedagogy. Orchestral and Band Instruments. A survey of literature 
and teaching materials which relate to the student's performance area. 
Students may be expected to apply teaching procedures in a laboratory 
situation. 2 credits. 

404. Music Education Seminar, Secondary Level. A study of the high 
school vocal music curriculum and related course offerings. 2 credits. 

406. Piano Pedagogy. A practical course which explores fundamental 
principles necessary to be an effective piano teacher. Subjects include 
practice techniques, memorization and the selection of appropriate tech- 
nical materials for both beginners and advanced students. Laboratory 
teaching may be required of the student. 2 credits. 

411. Piano Ensemble. A course designed to acquaint the students with 
problems related to piano ensemble performance. Practical experience 



101 



will be gained through study and performance of appropriate literature. 2 
credits. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. A course designed to 
acquaint the student with the total church music program. Topics include 
the development of a choir program, methods and techniques of re- 
hearsal, budget preparation, and committee and pastoral relationships. 2 
credits. 

441. Student Teaching. Music education majors spend a semester in the 
music department of a school district under the supervision of cooperat- 
ing teachers. Prerequisites: (1) a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 
during the first six semesters in college; (2) successful completion of pi- 
ano and voice juries; (3) completion of Music 333,334,335,336 including 
field experiences; (4) approval of the music faculty. Students are responsi- 
ble for transportation; the college cannot insure that student teaching 
placement can be in a local geographical area. 

480. Chamber Music. Under the guidance of an instructor, the student 
studies and performs chamber works appropriate to his performance 
medium. Prepared works may be presented in recital. 1-2 credits. 

600. Accompanying. Under the guidance of a piano instructor the piano 
major prepares accompaniments for recital performance. One credit per 
semester is given for one solo recital or two half recitals. A maximum of 
six credits, usually distributed over the last three years, may be earned. 

Instrumental Courses 

Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Practical courses 
in which students, in addition to being taught the fundamental principles 
underlying the playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to 
play on instruments of each group: string, woodwind, brass, and percus- 
sion. 

Problems of class procedure in public schools are discussed; transposition 
of all instruments is taught. Ensemble playing is an integral part of these 
courses. Bibliographical materials are surveyed. 

Brass Instruments (trumpet, horn, trombone, baritone, tuba) 

123. Brass I. A study of the trumpet and trombone. Emphasis on peda- 
gogical techniques. 1 credit. 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the brass family (horn, bari- 
tone, tuba). Emphasis on pedagogical techniques. Mixed brass ensemble 
experience. 1 credit. 

102 



Percussion Instruments (snare drum, timpani, bass drum, and others) 

127. Percussion I. A study of the snare drum. 1/2 credit 

328. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 
1/2 credit. 

Woodwind Instruments (clarinet, flute, oboe, saxophone, bassoon) 

231. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet. 1 credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

String Instruments (violin, viola, cello, string bass) 

337. String I. A study of all the above instruments. 1 credit. 

338. String II. A continuation of the study of all the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

Music Organizations 

Opportunities for individual performance in a group experience are pro- 
vided by music organizations. Membership in the organizations is open 
on an audition basis to all students of the College. 

601. Symphonic and Marching Band. The symphonic band performs 
original literature as well as arrangements of standard repertoire. During 
the football season it presents half-time performances. Membership is by 
audition and is dependent upon the instrumentation needs of the organi- 
zation. All music education majors, regardless of performance medium, 
are required to be in marching band for a minimum of two semesters. 1 
credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. A wide variety of symphonic literature is 
studied and performed. In the second semester the orchestra accompanies 
soloists in a concerto-aria concert and on occasion combines with choral 
organizations for the performance of a major work. 1 credit. 

604. Concert Choir. The Concert Choir is composed of approximately 
fifty voices, selected by audition. All phases of choral literature are stud- 
ied intensively. In addition to local concerts, the choir tours annually. 1 
credit. 

605. College Chorus. The College Chorus offers the opportunity to 
study and perform literature of various styles and composers including 
major choral works. Choral experience is preferred but not required. 
Required of all majors in the department. 1/2 credit. 



103 



606. Chapel Singers. Composed of approximately twenty voices. The 
singers provide leadership during selected Chapel Convocation programs 
and present concerts for local churches and civic organizations. 1/2 
credit. 

607. Beginning Ensemble I. A review course which provides: (1) A com- 
prehensive review of the playing and teaching techniques of the individual 
band instruments; and, (2) A laboratory bank experience in which stu- 
dents play secondary instruments and become acquainted with elementary 
band literature. Opportunities for conducting experience in a rehearsal 
setting. No credit. 

609. Beginning Ensemble II. A training orchestra in which students play 
secondary instruments and become acquainted with elementary orchestral 
literature. Opportunity is given for advanced conducting students to gain 
experience in conducting. No credit. 

Instrumental Small Ensembles. Open to the advanced player on an audi- 
tion basis. 

613. Clarinet Choir. 1/2 credit. 

614. Woodwind Quintet. 1/2 credit. 

615. Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

620. Saxophone Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

621. Flute Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

623. String Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

624. Woodwind Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

625. Low Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

626. Jazz Band. 1 credit. 

The History and Appreciation of Music 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. For the non-music major, a 
survey of Western music from ancient to modern times. The course is 
designed to increase the individual's musical perception. May not be 
taken if the student has completed MU 341 and/or 342. 3 credits. 

306. History and Literature of the Piano. A survey of the development 
of the piano and its literature with emphasis on piano methods books 
and related materials. 2 credits. 



104 



321. Hymnology. A study of the historical development of hymns and 
hymn singing, as well as an in-depth analysis of the current hymnodical 
practices of the Christian churches. 2 credits. 

322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar. A study of standard oratorios, 
requiems, cantatas and anthems with emphasis on the development of 
aesthetic judgement in selecting literature for various liturgical settings. 2 
credits. 

341. History and Literature of Music I. A survey course in the history 
of Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustra- 
tive musical examples. Ends with Bach. May not be taken if student has 
completed MU 100. 3 credits. 

342. History and Literature of Music II. A survey course in the history 
of Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustra- 
tive musical examples. Covers Handel to the present. May not be taken if 
student has completed MU 100. 3 credits. 

351,352,354. Organ Seminar I, II, IV. Three semesters of study, prefera- 
bly in sequence, based on the investigation of the following: 351 -Organ 
Design and Tonal Evolution; 352-Organ History and Literature (A survey 
from early periods through contemporary times); 354-Church Service 
Playing. 2 credits per semester. 

421. Liturgy. A study of the music and its form as related to the histori- 
cal development of the current practice of the service of the Christian 
churches. 2 credits. 

462. Music Literature Seminar. A study of music literature to extend 
the student's familiarity with selected works. Application of accumulated 
knowledge of theory, music history, form, and twentieth-century music. 
Each student pursues an individual project of particular interest. 2 
credits. 

Conducting 

246. Principles of Conducting. The principles of conducting and baton 
technique. Students conduct ensembles derived from class personnel. 2 
credits. 

345. Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical work with instru- 
mental groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual expe- 
rience. 2 credits. 



105 



347. Choral Conducting. Basic conducting techniques applied to the 
choral idiom. Rehearsal procedures, materials and specific problems of 
the choral conductor are stressed through laboratory experience. 2 
credits. 

Applied Music Instruction 

510. Class Piano Instruction. 1 credit. 

520. Class Voice Instruction. 1 credit. 

530. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestra and Band Instru- 
ments). Piano study (private or class) is required for a minimum of two 
years. 1 credit. 

540. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestra and Band 
Instruments). A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction. 
2 credits. 

550. Individual Instruction. Private instructions for Bachelor of Music 
majors. A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction. 3 
credits. 

Courses in Sound Recording Technology 

287. Recording Technology I. An introduction to the fundamentals of 
sound recording technology. Topics include sound and listening, the basic 
audio chain, microphones, tape machines, basic mixers, and equipment 
interfacing. By the conclusion of the course the student will be able to 
engineer a multi-microphone two-track stereo recording. Prerequisite: 
permission. 3 credits. 

350. Audio Electronics. A study of electronics as used in audio engi- 
neering. The course examines RC and LC circuits, filters, impedance, 
audio frequency amplifier circuits, and basic digital theory. Laboratory 
work is included. Prerequisite: PHY 212. 3 credits. 

388. Recording Technology II. A continuation of MU 287. The course 
begins with multi-track consoles and tape machines and goes on to cover 
reverberation, equalization, compressors and expanders, noise reduction, 
and the db. The emphasis is on critical listening and practical applica- 
tions. Prerequisites: MU 287 and permission. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. 1-12 credits. 

489. Recording Technology HI. A continuation of MU 388. This course 
examines sophisticated techniques of recording, microphone placement, 



106 



special effects, digital audio, digital processors, and tape machine align- 
ment, as well as introductions to electronic music and audio for video. 
Prerequisites: MU 388 and permission. 3 credits. 

Departmental Honors and Independent Study 

500. Independent Study. A course designed for the student who desires 
to engage in independent study, either with or without departmental hon- 
ors. 1-3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

Student Recitals 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all students in acquainting 
them with a wide range of the best musical literature, in developing musi- 
cal taste and discrimination, in affording the experience of appearing 
before an audience, and in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve control 
and stage demeanor. Students at all levels of performance appear in these 
student recitals. 

Philosophy (PH) 

The major in Philosophy is offered in the Religion and Philosophy de- 
partment, which is described on page 56. 
DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in philosophy. 
MAJOR: PH 120; 21 additional credits in philosophy (24 credits) 
MINOR: PH 110,220; 12 additional credits in philosophy (18 credits) 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. Examination of major philosophical is- 
sues and the ways major philosophers have dealt with them. 3 credits. 

120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective 
thinking. Attention is given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid 
inference, and the logic of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is upon deduc- 
tive logic, and students are introduced to the elements of symbolic logic 
as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1 - 6 credits. 

220. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of values applied to 
human conduct, with an examination of the responses of major ethical 
theories to those problems. 3 credits. 



107 



230. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues raised for philosophy 
by contemporary religious and theological thought. The course includes 
critical examinations of such problems as faith and reason; the meaning 
of revelation, symbolism, and language; the arguments for the existence 
of God; faith and history; religion and culture. 3 credits. 

240. American Philosophy. A survey of philosophical thought in the 
United States from the colonial period to the present, with emphasis on 
the work of Peirce, James, and Dewey. 3 credits. 

260. Ethical Issues in Management. An examination of ethics and val- 
ues within the context of modern corporate organizations. The course 
considers issues pertinent to corporate responsibilty, whistle-blowing, the 
profit motive, consumerism, bribery, conflict of interest, and cost/benefit 
analysis. Some attention is given to classical ethical theories; a consider- 
able portion of the course is devoted to case analysis. Prerequisite: MG 
100 or PH 110 or by permission. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

323. Ancient Philosophy. A study of the evolution of philosophy from 
the pre-Socratic nature philosophers to the Hellenistic philosophers of the 
fourth century, with emphasis on Plato and Aristotle. Prerequisite: PH 
110, or permission. 3 credits. 

326. Medieval Philosophy. The history of philosophy from the decline 
of the Hellenistic Age to the Renaissance, with emphasis on the school- 
men of the late Middle Ages. Prerequisite: PH 110, or permission. 3 
credits. 

333. Modern Philosophy. The development of philosophy from the 
Renaissance to the Nineteenth Century, with emphasis on Hume and 
Kant. Prerequisite: PH 110, or permission. 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examination of representative 
American, British, and Continental philosophers from 1900 to the 
present. Prerequisite: PH 110 or permission. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: permission. 1-3 credits per semes- 
ter (maximum of 9). 



108 



Physical Education (PE) 

The Physical Education department is described on page 52. 

The College does not offer a major or minor in Physical Education. 

Courses in Physical Education 

102. Aerobic Dance. A combination of exercise and dance steps in 
rhythmic movements. The course promotes the value of a total fitness 
program, including diet and weight control and heart rate monitoring. 1 
credit. 

107. Badminton. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and rules of bad- 
minton. 1 credit. 

110. Basketball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and strategies of 
the game. 1 credit. 

113. Bowling. Instruction in the techniques, etiquette, history and 
method of scoring. 1 credit. 

122. Fitness. Examination of varied programs for fitness, with emphasis 
on diet and weight control, cardiovascular efficiency, strength improve- 
ment, and flexibility training. 1 credit. 

125. Golf. Instruction in the techniques, tactics, rules and etiquette of 
golf. 1 credit. 

131. Racquetball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and different 
forms of competition used in racquetball. 1 credit. 

140. Softball. Instruction in the techniques and tactics of softball. 1 
credit. 

146. Tennis. Instruction in the techniques, rules and tactics, with exten- 
sive practice in singles and doubles. 1 credit. 

152. Volleyball. Instruction in the techniques, tactics and varied forms 
of competition. 1 credit. 

Physics (PHY) 

The Physics department is described on page 53. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in physics. 

MAJOR: PHY 111,112,211,311,312,321,322, plus 6 additional semester 
hours (at least 2 in experimental physics); MA 161,162, and 266 or MA 
111,112,211 and 266. (40-46 credits) 

109 



Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course designed to acquaint the student 
with some of the important concepts of physics, both classical and mod- 
ern, and with the scientific method, its nature and its limitations. The 
role of physics in the history of thought and its relationships to other 
disciplines and to society and government are considered. The weekly 
two-hour laboratory period provides experience in the acquisition, repre- 
sentation, and analysis of experimental data, and demonstration of the 
physical phenomena with which the course deals. 4 credits. 

103,104. General College Physics I, II. An introduction to the funda- 
mental concepts and laws of the various branches of physics, including 
mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and 
nuclear structure, with laboratory work in each area. 4 credits per semes- 
ter. 

110. The Physics of Music. The study of wave motion, analysis and 
synthesis of waves, resonance, physical characterists of music sounds, 
musical instruments, the reproduction and amplification of sound, and 
the acoustical properties of rooms. A working knowledge of algebra is 
required. 3 credits. 

111,112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introductory course in classical 
physics, designed for students who desire a more rigorous mathematical 
approach to college physics than is given in Physics 103, 104. Calculus is 
used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and heat, 
and the second semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with labo- 
ratory work in each area. This course should be followed by Physics 211. 
Prerequisite or corequisite: MA 111 or 161. 4 credits per semester. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. An introduction to modern physics, 
including the foundation of atomic physics, quantum theory of radiation, 
the atomic nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with laboratory 
work in each area. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 
credits. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of electrons and electronic 
devices, including diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscilla- 
tors, switching circuits, and integrated circuits, with laboratory work in 
each area. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 



110 



311,312. Analytical Mechanics I, II. A rigorous study of classical me- 
chanics, including the motion of a single particle, the motion of a system 
of particles, and the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced har- 
monic motion, the central force problem, the Euler description of rigid 
body motion, and the Lagrange generalization of Newtonian mechanics 
are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 111 and MA 266. 3 
credits per semester. 

321,322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. Theory of the basic phenomena 
of electromagnetism together with the application of fundamental princi- 
ples of the solving of problems. The electric and magnetic properties of 
matter, direct current circuits, alternating current circuits, the Maxwell 
field equations, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are among 
the topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 112 and MA 266. 3 credits per 
semester. 

327,328. Experimental Physics I, II. Experimental work selected from 
the area of mechanics, A.C. and D.C. electrical measurements, optics, 
atomic physics, or nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental design, 
measuring techniques, and analysis of data. Prerequisite: PHY 211. 1 
credit per semester. 

350. Audio Electronics. A study of electronics as used in audio engi- 
neering. The course examines RC and LC circuits, filters, impedance, 
audio frequency amplifier circuits, and basic digital theory. Laboratory 
work is included. Prerequisite: PHY 212. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. 1-15 credits. 

421,422. Modern Physics I, II. A study of selected topics in modern 
physics, utilizing the methods of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger 
equation is solved for such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, 
the linear oscillator, and the hydrogen atom. Perturbation techniques and 
the operator formalism of quantum mechanics are introduced where 
appropriate. Prerequisites: PHY 211 and MA 266, or permission. 3 
credits per semester. 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. A course designed 
to acquaint the student with some of the special methods, programs, and 
problems in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. Required for 
secondary certification in physics. 1 credit. 

490-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1-3 credits. 



Ill 



Political Science (PS) 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in political science. 

MAJOR: PS 111,112,210,220,230,240, and 310; five courses from among 
PS 312, 315,316,320,330,350,400,415, and 500; HI 125 or 126 (39 
credits). 

MINOR: PS 111,112,210,220,230,240 (18 credits) 
Courses in Political Science 

111. American National Government I. The nature of American democ- 
racy, constitutional foundations of American government, the federal 
system, civil rights and liberties, political behavior, political parties, and 
campaigns and elections. 3 credits. 

112. American National Government II. The structures and functions 
of American government (Presidency, Congress, courts, and bureauc- 
racy), and the foreign and domestic policy making process. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

210. Comparative Government. A comparative study of important po- 
litical systems of the world, including an introduction to the basic meth- 
odologies. PS 111 and 112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 
credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods. See PSY 216. 3 credits. 

220. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and theo- 
ries of government, ancient and modern, but especially since the Six- 
teenth Century. Prerequisite: PS 111 and 112. 3 credits. 

230. International Politics. The origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects 
of the international political pattern, with emphasis on current develop- 
ments and changing concepts in world politics. 3 credits. 

240. Public Administration. An examination of the structures through 
which governments try to carry out their policies. The course covers both 
the practical matters of accountability and efficiency, and the analytical 
concerns of organizational theory and bureaucratic culture. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

310. Scope and Methods of Political Science. A course in the conduct 
and interpretation of research in political science. Topics covered include 
formulation of a research problem, research design, techniques of scaling 
and measurement, data collection and analysis, and writing the research 



112 



report. Prerequisite: permission; MA 170, is strongly recommended. 3 
credits. 

312. American Foreign Policy. A survey of the external relations of the 
American government, emphasizing Twentieth Century developments. 
Subjects include diplomacy, military affairs, geographic and regional 
problems, trade and aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, 
nuclear problems, and opposing ideologies. PS 111 and 112 strongly 
recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

315. American Constitutional Law I. The development of American 
constitutional law from 1776 to 1947. Topics include judicial review, 
national supremacy, private property, contracts, commerce powers, equal 
rights, and civil liberties. 3 credits. 

316. American Constitutional Law II. The development of American 
constitutional law from 1947 to the present. Emphasis is given to civil 
liberties, equal rights, and rights of the accused, with some treatment of 
presidential powers, the commerce clause, and the contract clause. 3 
credits. 

320. Electoral Politics. The dynamics of the electoral process, with 
emphasis on presidential and congressional elections, and including the 
role of parties, public opinion, and interest groups. 3 credits. 

330. State and Local Government. This course covers the governmental 
institutions and political characteristics of state and local political sys- 
tems, and the major inter-governmental problems in state and local rela- 
tions with the federal government. 3 credits. 

350. Select Problems. A course to give students a chance to explore in 
depth a topic of special interest. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Supervised academic and field experience. Prerequisite: 
PS 111 and 112 and permission. 1-12 credits per semester; maximum of 
15 credits. 

415. Foundations of American Law. A historical survey of the Western 
legal tradition from classical times through the Eighteenth Century. The 
course examines conceptions of English common law and its relationship 
to the evolution of American law. Strongly recommended for pre-law 
students. Prerequisite: permission. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Permission required. 1-3 credits per semester; 
maximum of 9. 



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Pre-Medical, Pre-Dentistry, Pre- Veterinary 

See Health Professions on page 85. 

Psychobiology (PSB) 

The major in psychobiology is offered jointly by the departments of Biol- 
ogy, described on page 27 and Psychology, described on page 54. 
This cross-disciplinary major emphasizes the physiological determinants 
and consequences of behavior. Consisting of a balance of psychology and 
biology course work, the program prepares students for graduate study 
in medicine, veterinary medicine, graduate programs in psychology, ani- 
mal behavior, physiological psychology, psychopharmacology, behavior 
genetics, and neuroscience, as well as research positions in industry, uni- 
versities, hospitals, and government laboratories. 
DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in psychobiology. 
MAJOR: BI 111,112,201,322 (20 credits); PSB 444,499 (4 credits)- PSY 
100, 120,216,236,335,443 (18 credits); CH 111,112,113,114,213,214,215, 
216 (16 credits); PHY 103,104 or 111,112 (8 credits); MA 161, CS 170 ' 
(72 total credits) 

Courses in Psychobiology 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Provides supervised research and study opportunities in 

an industry, government, or hospital setting. Prerequisite: permission. 1-6 

credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of physiological explanations of 
behavior. The laboratory includes sheep brain dissections, stereo-taxic 
surgery, and histological examination of the brain. Prerequisite: PSY 100 
or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Psychobiology Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on 
selected topics in psychobiology. This course may be repeated. 1 credit. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: Permission. 1-9 credits per semes- 
ter. 



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Psychology (PSY) 

The Psychology department is described on page 54. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in psychology. 

MAJOR: PSY 100,120,200,216,236,343,443; and three additional courses 
from among courses designated for specialization. (30 credits) 

MINOR: PSY 100,120,200,216 and three elective courses in psychology. 
(21 credits) For an emphasis in clinical/counseling two of the electives 
should be from 332,343,431,432. For an emphasis in experimental/ physi- 
ological two of the electives should be from 225,236,335,444. For an 
emphasis in organizational/industrial two of the electives should be from 
332, 335, 337, 339, 346. For an emphasis in development/life span two 
of the electives should be from 321, 322, 326, 343. 

Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. An introduction to psy- 
chology as a social science. The emphasis is on the interactions of the 
individual and society which influence development, learning, motivation, 
sexuality, and identity, as well as social and emotional adjustment. 3 
credits. 

120. Psychology: By Experiment. An introduction to psychology as a 
science, emphasizing laboratory research. Topics covered include research 
design and methods, sensation and perception, learning and memory, and 
social behavior. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

200. Advanced General Psychology. A survey course examining the 
relationship between research and theory in the field of psychology. The 
course is intended to give the student an overview of the areas of speciali- 
zation within psychology. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behav- 
ioral research emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in 
experiments and correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 
100 or 120. 3 credits. 

220. Educational Psychology. Studies of cognitive, behavioral, emo- 
tional and social processes in the school; required for certification in 
elementary and music education. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 



115 



235. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. Surveys the structures and func- 
tions of the sensory systems with particular emphasis on the visual sys- 
tem. The perception of color, space, movement, objects, and patterns are 
discussed. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

236. Learning and Memory. Surveys psychological research on learning 
and memory emphasizing classical and instrumental conditioning, skills 
acquisition, information loss, and models of memory function Prerequi- 
site: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

237. Laboratory Investigations I: This course involves hands-on empirical 
investigations in sensory and other areas of psychology. Students design 
and conduct individual research projects. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 
and permission. 1-3 credits. 

238. Laboratory Investigations II: This course involves hands-on empiri- 
cal investigations in learning and other areas of psychology. Students 
design and conduct individual research projects. Prerequisite- PSY 100 or 
120. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

321. Psychology of Child Development. A study of the patterns of 
cognitive, social and emotional developmental changes occuring during 
childhood. Special attention is given to research studies, developmental 
mechanisms and theories of development. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 
3 credits. 

322. Psychology of Adolescent Development. A study of the psycholog- 
ical characteristics and changes occuring during adolescence. Topics in- 
clude psychological development, social influences, cognitive and intellec- 
tual development, identity and self-concept, sexual development, values, 
and transition to adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 
326. Psychology of Adult Development. A study of psychological, so- 
cial, and cognitive development, identity and self-concept, values, sexual- 
ity, and transitions in the adult, from late adolescence to death Prerequi- 
site: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. An introduction to the prin- 
ciples of psychological measurement, methods of test design and con- 
struction, and applications and interpretations of existing psychological 
tests. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. A survey of experimental designs 
utilized in behavioral science investigations. Designs include factorial 



116 



experiments, field studies, correlative designs and multivariate techniques. 
The primary readings are selected from current research in clinical, edu- 
cational, organizational, and laboratory settings. Prerequisites: PSY 100 
or 120,216 or permission. 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. A study of psychological principles as 
applied to problems of organizational behavior. Topics include individual 
factors (personality, attitudes, perceptions), group dynamics, communica- 
tion, leadership, and organizational change. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 
120. 3 credits. 

339. Career Counseling. The course surveys assessment of skills and 
competencies, occupational research, decision-making, and job search 
strategies. Students are encouraged to apply the theories of career coun- 
seling to their own vocational decisions and goals. Prerequisite: PSY 100 
or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

343. Personality. A study of the major theories of personality, with 
emphasis on psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, behaviorism, social 
learning, and trait theory. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior 
standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. A study of the inter- and intra-personal rela- 
tionships between individuals and groups, with emphasis on theories and 
research studies. The topics covered may include attitude development 
and change, conformity, persuasion, person perception, attribution, at- 
traction, and group processes. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; junior or 
senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

348. Investigations of Social Psychological Processes. Laboratory exer- 
cises and demonstrations of Social Psychological phenomena, as well as 
independent and group research projects, are included. Prerequisite: PSY 
100 or 120; PSY 216 highly recommended; and permission. 1 credit. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. An applied academic program combining work experi- 
ence in psychological settings appropriate to individual student career 
goals. The course includes weekly discussions, guided readings, and sys- 
tematic observations relevant to the work experience. Prerequisites: PSY 
100 or 120; junior or senior standing; permission of department and 
agency involved. 1-9 credits per semester (15 maximum). 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. A study of mental, emotional 
and behavioral problems, including alcohol and drug abuse, brain disor- 



117 



ders, criminal and psychopathic behavior, neuroses, psychophysiological 
reactions, psychoses, sexual deviations, subnormal intelligence, and sui- 
cide. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior standing or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. A study of the ways psycholo- 
gists assist persons and groups. Particular attention is given to assess- 
ment, individual and group therapy, marriage and family counseling, and 
community psychology. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; PSY 431 or nurs- 
ing training with psychiatric affiliation, or permission. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. A study of the history of psychology includ- 
ing philosophical concepts, early schools of psychology, important trends, 
and famous psychologists. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 120, 236; junior or 
senior standing; or permission. 3 credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological underpinnings 
of behavioral processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, 
sensation and perception, learning and memory, sleep, and motivation 
and emotion. The laboratory portion of the course includes sheep brain 
dissection, stereotaxic neurosurgery, and behavioral observation. Prereq- 
uisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; one additional 
psychology course and permission. 1-6 credits per semester (maximum of 
9 credits). 

Reading and Study Skills (RSS) 

Occasionally, an incoming student may have had insufficient preparation 
for study and concentration at the college level. It is for this student that 
the reading and study skills course is intended. 

110. Reading and Study Skills. A study of techniques intended to im- 
prove those skills important to reading and to study at the college level. 
Texts assigned for students' on classes are utilized. 1 credit. 

Recording Technology 

See Sound Recording Technology on page 106. 



118 



Religion (RE) 

The Religion and Philosophy department is described on page 56. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in religion. 

MAJOR: RE 110,111,112,222,331,499; one from 202,211,212; three elec- 
tive courses in religion including GK 321,431 (30 credits). The following 
courses, though recommended, are not required for a major in religion: 
BI 101; GK 101,102,111,112; PH 110,231; PSY 100; SOC 110,230. 

Christian Education Concentration: RE 110,111,112,120,211,202 or 
212,222, 241,242,243,331, 3 credits of 400 (36 credits). Other courses in 
areas such as communication, education, and the social sciences are 
strongly recommended in consultation with the program advisor. 

MINOR: RE 1 10; 111 or 112; 120 or 140;222, two elective courses in reli- 
gion (18 credits). 

Courses in Religion 

110. Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the many dimensions 
of religion as a central human experience through an examination of 
such topics as: varieties of religious experience and expression, religious 
knowledge, the self and meaning, religion in its sociocultural context, 
religion and the natural order, and universal issues such as death, the 
End, evil, suffering, and the moral order. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Religion. An examination of some of the 
basic themes of biblical religion in relation to their historical context and 
their contemporary implications. 3 credits. 

112. Introduction to Christianity. A study of the rise and development 
of the major forms of Christianity (Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, 
Protestant) in Europe and America, including doctrine and theological 
expression, ethics, worship, church structure, and relationship to culture. 
3 credits. 

120. Religion in America. A study of the origin and development of 
religious expression in America, with particular attention to Protestant- 
ism, Roman Catholicism, and Judaism. 3 credits. 

140. World Religions. An examination of the rise and development of 
religion along with a study of the ideas and cultic and ethical practices of 



119 



the great world faiths. Special attention given to Asian religions. 3 
credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

202. The Prophets. A study of the lives and writings of the Old Testa- 
ment prophets and an analysis of their contributions to Hebrew-Christian 
religious thought. 3 credits. 

206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An examination of archaeol- 
ogy in biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and contributions to the 
areas of history, culture, and religion. 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive study of the life and 
message of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, writings, and theo- 
logical thought of Paul and their relationship to the practices, problems, 
and beliefs of the early Church. 3 credits. 

222. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the implications of the 
Christian faith, both for personal moral decision and for social policy in 
such areas as marriage and family, government and political life, work 
and the economic order. 3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected 
American denominations and sects and of the theological implications of 
secular folklore. Emphasis will be placed on field work as well as on 
analysis. 3 credits. 

241. Principles of Christian Education. A study of the overall structure 
and meaning of Christian education, including education as ministry, 
history of religious education, theoretical approaches, the impact of other 
disciplines (sociology, psychology, education), developmental theories, the 
role of Bible and theology, and contemporary concerns and expressions 
of Christian education. 3 credits. 

242. Methods of Christian Education. A study of elements involved in 
the implementation of a program of Christian education in the local 
parish, including planning, evaluation, leader development, teaching and 
learning, resources, skills, and work in the age levels. 3 credits. 

243. Selected Problems in Christian Education. A study of important 
themes and issues in Christian education, such as theology and education, 
conversion and nurture, indoctrination and reflection, developmental 



120 



models and theological teachings, content-centered or student-centered 
approach, and the role of the professional. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

331. Christian Tradition and Reform. A study of the major and contin- 
uing strains in the history of Christianity and the principal reform move- 
ments. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre- 
theological students. 3 credits. 

332. The Sacred in Modern Writing. Identification, analysis, and inter- 
pretation of issues of special theological import raised by thinkers repre- 
senting non-theological disciplines. Prerequisite: RE 110 or permission. 3 
credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. An extension and application of knowledge through a 
supervised experience in an appropriate church school, agency, or organi- 
zation. 1-6 credits. 

403. Classical Christian Thinkers. An intensive study of the thought of 
such classical religious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and oth- 
ers. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar: Selected Religious Problems. A study of selected prob- 
lems arising from recent theological efforts. Research methodology is 
stressed. Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre- 
theological students; others by permission. Prerequisite RE 111 and 112. 
3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. Request guidelines from advisor. 1-3 credits 
per semester, (maximum of 9). 

Secondary Education (Teacher Certification) (SE) 

The Education department is described on page 33. 

There is no separate major for those interested in secondary education. 
Interested students major in a subject area and also enroll for courses in 
the Education Department. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree in the chosen 
major. 



121 



Secondary Teacher Certification: Candidates must complete 21 credits in 
professional education courses and the approved program in the chosen 
major. ED 110 should be taken in the sophomore year and SE 430 in the 
junior year. SE 420 and 440 comprise the student teaching semester of 
the senior or postgraduate year. 

The minor in education is described on page 73. 
Courses in Secondary Education 

280. Field Practicum in the Secondary School. Supervised field experi- 
ences in appropriate school settings. Designed to offer practical experi- 
ences for prospective secondary teachers or students planning an educa- 
tional ministry. Prerequisites: Permission. 1 - 3 credits. 

420. Human Growth and Development. A survey of human characteris- 
tics, research in developmental psychology and their implications for 
teaching and learning. Prerequisite: ED 110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. A study of the basic principles and proce- 
dures for secondary classroom management and instruction. Prerequisite: 
ED 110. 3 credits. 

431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. A study of curricular pat- 
terns for areas within the social studies. Students will prepare instruc- 
tional objectives, select and organize subject matter, investigate a variety 
of learning activities and strategies for developing inquiry skills, decision- 
aking ability and values. 1 - 2 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Students spend an entire semester in an appro- 
priate area school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperat- 
ing teacher. Open to seniors only. Requirements are: (1) a grade point 
average of at least 2.0 in the major field; (2) completion of all courses 
required of the major for student teaching; (3) completion of professional 
education courses required for student teaching; (4) approval of the ma- 
jor advisor and of the director of secondary student teaching. Prerequi- 
sites: ED 110, SE 430. SE 420 is normally taken concurrently. 3 - 12 
credits. 

Social Service (SV) 

The Sociology and Social Service department is described on page 58. 
DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in social service. 



122 



MAJOR: SO 110,311; SV 262,331,341 or 342,499; 9 credits of SV 400; 4 
additional courses in sociology or social service (39 credits). 

MINOR: SO 110,SV 262,331,341; 6 credits of SV 400; two courses from 
SO 210, 211,230,261,278, 331, 333, 351, 362,SV 345,499. Students majoring 
in sociology shall elect SV 499 and one course in sociology in addition to 
their major requirements (24 credits). 

Courses in Social Service 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare policies and insti- 
tutions including the evolution of the welfare system in our society and 
its approach to social problems. Focuses upon controversies relevant to 
public welfare. Prerequisite: SO 110. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

331. Social Service Theory. A consideration of the theories which under- 
lie social service intervention, introducing the social systems perspective 
with emphasis on the social work profession's knowledge base, values 
and skills. Prerequisite: SV 262. 3 credits. 

341. Social Work Practice I. An examination of the knowledge, atti- 
tudes and skills required for social work practice with emphasis on social 
casework and group work dynamics. Prerequisite: SSV 331. 3 credits 

342. Social Work II. An examination of the knowledge, attitudes, and 
skills required for social work practice with emphasis on modern organi- 
zations, administration, and communities issues. Prerequisite: SSV 331. 3 
credits. 

345. Family Therapy. An introduction to family and small group inter- 
vention focusing upon the family as a system, group structure and dy- 
namics, and theories and techniques of intervention. Prerequisite: SO 230 
and SSV 341 or permission. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. A supervised field placement in a public or private 
social service agency or program. Students must apply for departmental 
approval. Prerequisites: SV 341 or 342, 40 hours of volunteer work, a 
2.0 GPA and permission. 

499. Seminar. Detailed study of a selected social work area. Topics may 
vary. This course is conducted as a seminar requiring extensive student 
participation. Prerequisite: SSV 341 or 342. 3 credits. 



123 



Sociology (SO) 

The Sociology and Social Service department is described on page 58. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in sociology. 

MAJOR: SO 110,311,421,499, 15 additional credits in sociology (27 
credits). 

MINOR: SO 110,311,421; one course from SO 210,278, or 331; one 
course from SO 211,230,322,333,362,382; one elective course in sociol- 
ogy. (18 credits) 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A study of the basic sociological per- 
spective including the nature of society, the influence of culture, the de- 
velopment of the self, and group dynamics. Specific topics include devi- 
ance and social control, the family and other institutions, racism, sexism 
and poverty. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Anthropology. Introduction to both physical and 
cultural anthropology. Human evolution. Human variation. Cross- 
cultural analysis and comparison. A gardening society is examined in 
depth. 3 credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

210. Social Problems. Contemporary social problems as seen through 
different analytical perspectives. Problems covered include war and 
peace, pollution and environmental exploitation, crime and delinquency, 
and emotional and physical illness. Prerequisite: SO 110 or GE 140, or 
HC 202. 3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An analysis of the city as a unique form of social 
organization. From a multi-disciplinary perspective, the course presents 
the nature of urbanization and the impact of urbanism on contemporary 
society. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

230. Sociology of Marriage and the Family. An overview of marriage 
and the family focusing upon love, mate selection, alternative life styles, 
marital communication, conflict resolution, parenting, divorce and wid- 
owhood. Utilizes a historical and cross-cultural perspective in addition to 
sociological analysis. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, HC 202. 3 credits. 



124 



261. The Aged and Aging. An investigation of the process of aging and 
contemporary issues related to the elderly. Topics covered include Al- 
zheimer's disease, retirement, stereotypes of the elderly and contributions 
of the elderly to society. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 
credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. An examination of the causes and effects of 

juvenile delinquency, the juvenile justice system and treatment programs 

for the juvenile offender. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 

credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

311. Research Methods. A study of the basic concepts and skills in- 
volved in critically evaluating and carrying out social scientific research. 
Areas covered include values and ethics of research on human behavior, 
research design, interviewing and questionnaire construction. Prerequi- 
site: SO 110, junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structure and functions of religious 
organizations and phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious 
expression in America. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 
credits. 

331. Criminology. An examination of the causes of crime. Special atten- 
tion is given to violent crime, homicide, and rape. In addition, property 
crimes such as arson, robbery, burglary and shoplifting are covered. The 
question of whether or not victimless crimes such as pornography, prosti- 
tution and drug use should be considered crimes is explored. Prerequisite: 
SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

333. Criminal Justice. A sociological, historical, and philosophical ex- 
amination of punishment and the criminal justice system. Rights of the 
accused, victimology, prisons, and the death penalty are studied. Prereq- 
uisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

340. Group Structure and Dynamics. An overview of the theory and 
research on small group organization and process including issues related 
to leadership, effective communication in groups, conformity and influ- 
ence. Application of basic principles to practical situations. Exercises 
designed to improve group leadership and participation skills. Prerequi- 
site: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 



125 



351. Death and Dying. Exploration of the basic legal, medical, ethical 
and social issues related to contemporary understanding of death and 
dying. Examines the stages of dying, the grief process, euthanasia, sui- 
cide, the hospice movement and life after death. Prerequisite: SO 110, or 
GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

362. Social Inequality. An examination of the patterns of structured 
inequality in American society, including the class system and racial and 
ethnic groups. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

382. Sociology of the Mass Media. Seminar on how society shapes the 
mass media and the effects of the mass media on individuals and society. 
Topics include propaganda, television violence and aggression, and adver- 
tising. Special attention is given to values and images portrayed by the 
mass media. Prerequisite: 6 credits in sociology or permission. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Prerequisite 18 hours in sociology and permission. 1 - 
15 credits. 

421. Social Theory. An intensive examination of the major sociological 
theorists and movements. Prerequisite: 12 credits in sociology. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

499. Seminar. A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in con- 
temporary sociology. Topics may vary. This course is conducted as a sem- 
inar requiring extensive student participation. Prerequisite: SO 421. 3 
credits. 

500. Independent Study. Prerequisite: 18 hours in sociology, a 2.5 cu- 
mulative grade point average, and a contract with the instructor prior to 
registration for the course. 1-3 credits per semester. (Maximum of 9). 

Sound Recording Technology 

The major in Sound Recording Technology is offered in the Music de- 
partment, which is described on page 48. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Music with a major in sound recording technol- 
ogy. 

MAJOR: MU 115,116,117,118,123,127,127,215,226,231,246,287, 
328,337,345 or 347,388,400,416,489,500,510,520,530, and ensembles as 



126 



required; AC 161; MG 100; PHY 103,104 or 111,112; 110,212,350; 9 
hours in computer science and 3 hours in mathematics as approved by 
advisor. 

Spanish (SP) 

The major and minor in Spanish are offered in The Foreign Languages 
department, which is described on page 36. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in Spanish. 

MAJOR: 24 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level; FL 250 (27 
credits). For teaching certification, FL 440 is required. 

MINOR: 18 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level. Courses in 
advanced conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly 
recommended. 

Courses in Spanish 

101,102. Elementary Spanish I, II. Introductory courses in Spanish. 3 
credits. 

191-198. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Spanish I, II. A review of Spanish 
grammar, and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writ- 
ing. Prerequisite: SP 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

291-298. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

311. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Practice in the careful reading 
of literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: SP 
202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living Spanish 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the 
writer to current problems. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture and language, with 
emphasis on the culture as found in modern Spain and its reflection in 
America. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written Spanish on an advanced grammatical and stylistic 
level, with emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Pre- 
requisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 



127 



320. Business Spanish. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

391-398. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

400. Internship. Field experience in a business, governmental or social 
organization. 1-15 credits. 

410. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study 
of the outstanding works of the period. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

420. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study of the major works 
of the period. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Spanish Literature and the Eighteenth and Nineteenth 
Centuries. Readings from the Enlightenment in Spain, and an examina- 
tion of the major works of romanticism and realism. Prerequisite: SP 
311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the liter- 
ary movements of the century, starting with the Generation '98 and mod- 
ernism. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Spanish-American Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of 
the important writers of the century, with emphasis on recent develop- 
ments in the literature of Spanish-America. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 
or permission. 3 credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

500. Independent Study. 1-6 credits. 

Teacher Certification 

See Elementary Education on page 33 or Secondary Education on page 
33. 



128 



DIRECTORY 

The Board Of Trustees 



Officers 

ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER, President 
THOMAS C. REINHART, First Vice-President 
ELAINE G. HACKMAN, Second Vice-President 
HARRY B. YOST, Secretary 
ANDREW W. KRIEDER, Assistant Secretary 
E. PETER STRICKLER, Treasurer 
HARLAN R. WENGERT, Assistant Treasurer 

E. N. FUNKHOUSER, President Emeritus 
ALLAN W. MUND, President Emeritus 

F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, JR., Immediate Past President 

Emeriti 

WILLIAM D. BRYSON, L.L.D.; Retired Executive, Walter W. Moyer 
Company; Ephrata, PA. 

WOODROW S. DELLINGER, B.S., M.D.; General Practitioner; Red 
Lion, PA. 

DEWITT M. ESSICK, A.B., M.S.; Retired Executive, Armstrong World 
Industries; Lancaster, PA. 

EUGENE C. FISH, Esq., B.S., L.L.B., J.D.; President, Peerless Indus- 
tries, Inc.; Chairman of the Board, Eastern Foundry Company; Attor- 
ney, Romeika, Fish and Scheckter; Senior Partner, Tax Associates; 
Jenkintown, PA. 

E. N. FUNKHOUSER, A.B., L.L.D.; Retired President, Funkhouser 
Corporation; Hagerstown, MD. 

PAUL E. HORN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 
Church; Harrisburg, PA. 

ALLAN W. MUND, L.L.D.; Retired Chairman, Board of Directors, 
Ellicott Machine Corporation; Baltimore, MD. 

HAROLD S. PEIFFER, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D.; Retired Pastor, 
United Methodist Church; Lancaster, PA. 



129 



JESSIE A. PRATT, B.S.; Retired Administrative Assistant, Legal Divi- 
sion, City of Philadelphia; Philadelphia, PA. 

EZRA H. RANCK, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 
Church; Mt. Joy, PA. 

MELVIN S. RIFE; Retired Executive, Schmidt and Ault Paper Company, 
Division of St. Regis Paper Company; York, PA. 

RALPH M. RITTER, President, Ritter Brothers, Inc.; Harrisburg, PA. 

F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, Jr., B.S., L.L.D.; Retired Principal, Arthur 
Young and Company; Richmond, VA. 

Honorary 

JEFFERSON C. BARNHART, Esq., A.B., L.L.B; Attorney, McNees, 

Wallace and Nurick; Harrisburg, PA. 
HORACE E. SMITH, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Smith and Mc- 

Cleary: York, PA. 
ANNE B. SWEIGART; CEO and Chairman of the Board, Denver and 

Ephrata Telephone Company; Ephrata, PA. 
WOODROW W. WALTEMYER, Business Executive; York, PA. 

Trustees 

EDWARD H. ARNOLD, B.S., L.H.D.; President, Arnold Industries; 

Lebanon, PA (1990). 
JAUN BAUGHN, B.S., M.Ed., D.Ed.; Principal, North Penn High 

School; Lansdale, PA (1989). 
WILLIAM D. BOSWELL, Esq., Ph.B., L.L.B. ; Attorney, Berman and 

Boswell; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 

G. HAROLD BUCHER, B.S.; President, People's National Bank; Leba- 
non, PA (1989). 

DONALD E. BYRNE, Jr., B.A., M.A., Ph.D.,; Professor of Religion; 

Chairman of the Department of Religion, Lebanon Valley College; 

Annville, PA (1988). 
RAYMOND H. CARR; President, Pickering Creek Industrial Park, Inc.; 

Lionville, PA (1988). 
G. SCOTT CARTER; Student, Lebanon Valley College; York, PA (1988). 
RUTH A. DAUGHERTY, B.A.; Church Volunteer; Chairman, General 

Commission on Communications, United Methodist Church; West 

Chester, PA (1989). 
JAMES J. DAVISON; Retired; Owner, Davison Motor Car Company; 

Freehold, NJ (1990). 



130 



CURVIN N. DELLINGER, B.S.; President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; 
Lebanon, PA (1990). 

CARROLL E. DITZLER; B.S., M.S., D.D.S.; Self Employed Dentist, 
Lebanon, PA (1990). 

JOHN R. EBY, B.S.; Executive Vice President, Commonwealth Commu- 
nications Services, Inc.; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 

ALBERT L. EVANS, Jr., B.S.; President, Evans Delivery Co., Inc.; 
Schuylkill Haven, PA (1989). 

RUFUS A. FULTON, Jr.; President, Fulton Financial Corp.; Lancaster, 
PA (1989). 

MARTIN L. GLUNTZ; B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; Vice President, Manufactur- 
ing and Distribution Services, Hershey International Ltd., Hershey 
Foods Corporation, Hershey, PA (1990). 

ARTHUR L. GOLDBERG, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Goldberg, 
Evans and Katzman; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 

THOMAS W. GUINIVAN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, Colonial 
Park United Methodist Church, Mechanicsburg, PA (1988). 

ELAINE G. HACKMAN, B.A.; Vice President, Tess El Corp., Ephrata, 
PA (1988). 

ZEDNA M. HAVERSTOCK; Treasurer-Comptroller, Central PA Confer- 
ence, United Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA (1990). 

BRYAN V HEARSEY, B.A., M.A., Ph.D; Professor of Mathematics, 
Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1988). 

PHILIP C. HERR, II, Esq., A.B., L.L.B.; Attorney, Herr, Potts and 
Herr; Philadelphia, PA (1988). 

GERALD D. KAUFFMAN, A.B., B.C., Honorary Degree from LVC; 
Pastor, Grace United Methodist Church; Carlisle, PA (1988). 

ANDREW W. KREIDER, B.S.; President, H.H. Bealler & Co., Inc.; 
Wyomissing, PA (1988). 

THERESA D. LEACH; Student, Lebanon Valley College; Bedford, PA 
(1988). 

CONSTANCE W. LEITNER, B.S.; Musician, Trinity United Methodist 
Church; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 

JEAN W. LEVY, B.A.; Retired Business Woman; Mt. Gretna, PA (1989). 

LEON E. MARKOWICZ, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of Leadership 
Studies, Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1989). 

H. LEROY MARLOW, B.S., M.A., Ed.D.; Assistant Director of Contin- 
uing Education; Director of the Pennsylvania Technical Assistant Pro- 
gram; Head of Management Development Services, The Pennsylvania 
State University; State College, PA (1990). 



131 



BRIAN K. MATLICK, B.S., M.S.; Director of Agribusiness, Hershey 
Foods Corporation, Hershey, PA (1990). 

JOAN C. McCULLOH, A.B., M.A.T.; Chairperson, Department of 
English, Annville-Cleona High School; Annville, PA (1989). 

JOHN G. McELLHENNEY, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Pastor, Ardmore United 
Methodist Church; Ardmore, PA (1990). 

FREDERICK M. NEISWENDER; Student, Lebanon Valley College; 
Clearfield, PA (1988). 

GRANT T. NICHOLLS, B.A., B.S.; President, Personal Financial Advi- 
sors; Hackettstown, NJ (1990). 

JOHN D. NORTON, III, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of Political 
Science, Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1989). 

PETER G. OLENCHUK, B.S., M.S., M.B.A.; Chairman of the Board, 
Newport Institute, Newport, RI; Retired Major General, United States 
Army; McLean, VA (1989). 

KENNETH H. PLUMMER; Retired President, E.D. Plummer Sons, 
Inc.; Chambersburg, PA (1990). 

THOMAS C. REINHART, B.S.; President, T.C.R. Packaging, Inc., 
Albee-Campbell, Inc., and People Seekers; West Lawn, PA (1990). 

DANIEL L. SHEARER, A.B., B.B., S.T.M.; Executive Assistant to the 
Bishop, Harrisburg, PA (1989). 

JOHN J. SHUMAKER, B.A., J.D., PA Senator; Harrisburg, PA (1990). 

F. HERBERT SKEETE, A.B., M.Div., S.T.M., D. Min.; Bishop, the 
Philadelphia Area, United Methodist Church; Valley Forge, PA (1989). 

MORTON SPECTOR; Vice President and Treasurer, D & H Distributing 
Co.; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 

ARTHUR W. STAMBACH, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Pastor, First United 
Methodist Church, Hershey, PA (1988). 

E. PETER STRICKLER, B.S.; President, Strickler Insurance Agency, 
Inc.; Lebanon, PA (1989). 

SUSAN E. VERHOEK, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.; Associate Professor of Biol- 
ogy, Lebanon Valley College; Palmyra, PA (1990). 

JOHN A. WALTER, B.S., J.D.; Judge, Lebanon County Court of Com- 
mon Pleas; Lebanon, PA (1989). 

JULIANNE WEBBER, B.A.; Admissions Assistant, Franklin and Mar- 
shall College; Lancaster, PA (1990). 

ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER, B.S., Ph.D.; Chief of Carcinogen 
Metabolism and Toxicology Branch, National Cancer Institute; Be- 
thesda, MD (1988). 



132 



HARLAN R. WENGERT, B.S., M.B.A., D.Sci.; President, Wengert's 
Dairy; Lebanon, PA (1990). 

E.D. WILLIAMS, JR., Private Investor; Lebanon, PA (1990). 

J. DENNIS WILLIAMS, B.A., M.Div., D.Min.; Pastor, United Method- 
ist Church of West Chester; West Chester, PA (1988). 

SAMUEL A. WILLMAN, B.S., M.Com.; Vice President, Marketing, 
York Container Company; Red Lion, PA (1990). 

THOMAS W. WOLF, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.; Wolf Management Service 
Company; York, PA (1988). 

CHARLES W. WOLFE, Vice President of University Relations, Emeri- 
tus, Bucknell University; Denver, PA (1989). 

HARRY B. YOST, Eq., L.L.B.,L.L.M.; Attorney, Hassell, Yost and 
Sorrentino; Lancaster, PA (1988). 



ADMINISTRATION 



President (Acting) 

WILLIAM J. McGILL JR., 1986-; A.B., Trinity College, 1957; M.A., 

Harvard University, 1958; Ph.D., 1961. 

MARY N. ESHLEMAN, 1979-; Executive Secretary to the President. 

Presidential Staff 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, 1983-; Dean of Continuing Education and 
Special Programs, 1984-; B.A., Drew University, 1957; M.A. Syracuse 
University, 1960; Ph.D., 1966. 

ROBERT E. HAMILTON, 1986-; Vice President and Controller, 1986; 
A.B., Messiah College, 1962; M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1966; 
D.Ed., Pennsylvania State University, 1972. 

GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, 1952-; Vice President for Student Affairs, 
1984-; A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., Columbia Univer- 
sity, 1951; D.Ed., Temple University, 1967. 

JOHN ABERNATHY SMITH, 1980-; College Chaplain and Church 
Relations Officer. B.A., Vanderbilt University, 1961; M.Div., Drew 
University, 1965; M.A., Johns Hopkins University, 1967; Ph.D., 1971. 

GREGORY G. STANSON, 1966-; Dean of Enrollment Management 
Services, 1980-; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.Ed., University 
of Toledo, 1966. 

133 



VICTOR R. ZACK, 1987-; Vice President for Institutional Advancement. 
B.S., University of Pittsburgh, 1955; M.S., University of Pittsburgh, 
1956. 

Administrative Staff 

Academic Affairs 

WILLIAM J. McGILL, Vice President and Dean of the Faculty 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, Dean of Continuing Education and Spe- 
cial Programs. 

WILLIAM W. CAVE, 1985-; Director, High School Leadership Pro- 
grams, 1987- M. Div., Bethany Theological Seminary, 1969. 

BARBARA JONES DENISON, 1987-; Director, Leadership Develop- 
ment Institute, 1987-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.A., 
University of York, 1981; Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1985. 

DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983-; Director, Youth Scholars Institute, 1983-. 
B.A., University of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., SUNY at Buf- 
falo, 1976; Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 

SUZANNE CALDWELL RIEHL, 1982-; Director, Music Preparatory 
Department, 1984-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.M., 
Westminster Choir College, 1982. 

ROBERT A. CLAY, 1978-; Registrar, 1986-. A.B., St. Mary's Semi- 
nary and University, 1962; S.T.B., Pontifical Georgorian University, 
1964; M.A., Cornell University, 1974; Ph.D., 1982. 

DEBORAH R. FULLAM, 1982-; Academic Computer Coordinator, 
1986-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1981; Data Processing, Harris- 
burg Area Community College, 1982. 

WILLIAM E. HOUGH, III, 1970-; Librarian, Associate Professor, 
A.B., King's College, 1955; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary, 
1959; M.S.L., Columbia University, 1965. 

ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966-; Technical Processes Librarian. A.B., Smith 
College, 1956; B.S., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1957; M.L.S., 
University of Pittsburgh, 1966. 

DONNA L. MILLER, 1986-; Readers' Services Librarian. B.S., Mil- 
lersville University, 1984; M.L.S., Drexel University, 1986. 

WARREN K. A. THOMPSON, 1967-; Director, Leadership Studies, 
1986-; A.B., Trinity University, 1957; M.A., University of Texas, 
1963. 



134 



JOHN J. UHL, 1980-; Director of Media Services. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1979. 

VIRGINIA L. SOLOMON, 1987-; Assistant Director of Media Ser- 
vices. A. A., Pennsylvania State University-New Kensington, 1976; 
B.S., Slippery Rock, 1979; M.A.Ed., Western Caroline University. 

Admissions and Financial Aid 

GREGORY G. STANSON, Dean of Enrollment and Management 

Services. 

RUTH E. ANDERSON, 1986-; Admissions Counselor. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1986. 

WILLIAM J. BROWN,JR., 1980-; Associate Dean of Admissions, 
1984 & Director of Financial Aid, 1986; B.A., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1979. 

RONALD K. GOOD, 1983-; Assistant Dean of Admissions. B.S., in 
Ed., Millersville State College, 1959; M.Ed., Millersville State Col- 
lege, 1966. 

JANET E. LYONS, 1985-; Admissions Counselor. B.S., University of 
Pittsburgh, 1981. 

JAMES P. MONOS,JR., 1986-; Admissions Counselor/Head Football 
Coach. B.S., Shippensburg State College, 1972; M.Ed., Western 
Maryland College, 1978. 

Institutional Advancement 

VICTOR R. ZACK, Vice President for Institutional Advancement. 
M. STEVEN BORTNER, 1986-; Director of Annual Giving, 1986; 

B.A., Shippensburg State College, 1976. 
JOHN B. DEAMER,JR., 1986-; Assistant Director of Communica- 
tions, 1986; B.A., LaSalle University, 1985. 
TIM EBERSOLE, 1986-; Sports Information Director, 1986; B.S., 

Shippensburg University, 1983. 
DAWN T. GREENE, 1987-; Publications Specialist, 1987; B.A., 

Bloomsburg University, 1986. 
KATHLEEN L. THACH, 1977-86, 1987-; Director of Alumni Services, 

1987; B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1985. 
MARILYN A. WEISTER, 1985-; Director of Communications, 1986; 

Assistant Director of Communications, 1985; B.A., Penn State, 

1979. 



135 



Business Affairs 

ROBERT E. HAMILTON, Vice President and Controller. 

JOANNE M. CURRAN, 1983-; Assistant Director of Food Service 

and Conferences. 
ROBERT J. DILLANE, 1985-; Administrative Coordinator, Computer 

Services, 1986; Administrtive Assistant, 1985; B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1977. 
HAROLD L. FESSLER, 1984-; Supervisor of Maintenance. 
ELIZABETH M. FOX, 1975-; Manager, Snack Shop. 
ROBERT E. HARNISH, 1967-; Manager of the College Store. B.A., 

Randolph Macon College, 1966. 
DONALD R. HIRNEISEN, 1986-; Printer. 

ELVIN P. JACKSON, 1986-; Director of Food Service and Confer- 
ences. 
MARK M. MANNO, 1984-; Coordinator of Mail Services, 1986. 
DELLA M. NEIDIG, 1962-; Director of Housekeeping, 1972. 
STEPHEN SHOOP, 1977-; Technical Coordinator, Computer Services, 

1986; B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1974. 
WALTER L. SMITH, 1961-1969; 1971-; Director of Special Services. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 

1967. 
DANE A. WOLFE, 1977-; Associate Controller. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1974. 
KEVIN R. YEISER, 1982-; Director of Grounds. 
SAMUEL J. ZEARFOSS, 1952-; Superintendent of Buildings and 

Grounds, 1969-. 

Student Affairs 

GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, Vice President for Student Affairs/Dean 
of Students. 
DAVID A. CALVARIO, 1987-; Director of Student Activities. B.S., 

Shippensburg University, 1982; M.S., Shippensburg University, 1986. 
ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1949; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1952. 
DAVID C. EVANS, 198 1-; Director of Career Planning and Placement. 

B.A., Slippery Rock State College, 1969; M.Ed., Rutgers University, 

1970. 



136 



VERONICA FABIAN, 1984-; Staff Nurse. R.N., Spencer Hospital, 

Meadville, 1961. 
RUSSELL L. GINGRICH, 1971-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1947; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1951. 
ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1950; M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1955; B.A., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1971. 
LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971-; Director of Athletics/Assistant 

Men's Basketball Coach, 1981-; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1954; 

M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 
JULIANA Z. WOLFE, 1975-1978; 1979-; Head Nurse and Director of 

Health Center. R.N., St. Joseph's Hospital, Carbondale, 1963. 
ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973-; Associate Dean of Students, 1983. B.S., 

Lock Haven State College, 1966; M.Ed., West Chester State College, 

1970. 
JEAN W. ZELEK, 1983-; Staff Nurse. R.N., St. Anthony's Hospital, 

Louisville, 1952. 

Athletic Staff 

LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, Director of Athletics, Assistant Men's Bas- 
ketball Coach. 

JOHN W. BARNHART, 1987-; Assistant Football Coach. B.A., 
Hiram College. 

MARK BREZITSKI, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach. B.A., Shippens- 
burg University, 1986. 

LEWIS COOKE, JR., 1985-; Equipment Manager. 

TIMOTHY EBERSOLE, 1986-; Director of Sports Information; Assis- 
tant Football Coach. B.S., Shippensburg State University, 1983. 

GORDON E. FOSTER, 1982-; Head Coach, Men's Basketball; Admis- 
sions Counselor. B.A., Elizabethtown College, 1951; M.S., Bucknell 
University, 1968. 

JODIE FOSTER, 1985-; Women's Basketball and Track Coach. B.S., 
Milliken University, 1984; M.S., Eastern Illinois University, 1985. 

THOMAS JORDAN, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach. B.S., Millers- 
ville State University, 1976. 

JAMES MONOS, 1986-; Head Football Coach; Assistant in Admis- 
sions. B.S., Shippensburg State College, 1972; M.Ed., Western 
Maryland, 1978. 



137 



WAYNE PERRY, 1987-; Head Women's Volleyball Coach. B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1978. 

GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963-; Associate Professor of Physical Edu- 
cation; Director of Intramurals; Golf Coach; Wrestling Coach. B.S., 
Kent State University, 1958; M.A., Kent State University, 1962. 

O. KENT REED, 1971-; Associate Professor of Physical Education; 
Chairman of the Department of Physical Ed.; Head Coach, Men's 
Track and field; Head Coach, Men's and Women's Cross-country. 
B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., Eastern Kentucky University, 
1970. 

FRANK REICH, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach. B.S., Pennsylvania 
State University, 1956. 

ED SPITTLE, 1985-; Baseball Coach. JAMES E. STARK, 1986-; Ath- 
letic Trainer. B.S., Lock Haven State University, 1983; M.Ed, Ship- 
pensburg State University, 1986. 

KATHLEEN TIERNEY, 1983-; Head Coach, Women's Softball and 
Field Hockey. B.S., University of New York at Brockport, 1979. 



FACULTY 

Emeriti 

RICHARD C. BELL, 1966-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Chem- 
istry. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple University, 
1955. 

JAMES O. BEMESDERFER, 1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B., Leb- 
anon Valley College, 1936; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1939; 
S.T.M., Lutheran Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 1945; S.T.D., 
Temple University, 1951. 

RUTH ENGLE BENDER, 1918-1922; 1924-1970; Professor Emerita of 
Music Education. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1915; Oberlin Con- 
servatory; Graduate New England Conservatory. 

D. CLARK CARMEAN, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admissions. 
A.B., Ohio Wesleyan University, 1926; M.A., Columbia University, 
1932. 

CHARLES T COOPER, 1965-1979; Associate Professor Emeritus of 
Spanish. B.S., U.S. Naval Academy, 1942; M.A., Middleburg College, 
1932. 



138 



HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963-1976; Professor Emerita of German. M.A., 
University of Berlin and Jena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 

ROBERT S. DAVIDON, 1970-1984; Professor Emeritus of Psychology, 
1985. A.B., University of Illinois, 1940; M.A., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 

CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947-1983; Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and 
Dean Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; M.Div., United 
Theological Seminary, 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 1954. 

GLADYS M. FENCIL, 1921-1927; 1929-1965. Registrar Emerita. A.B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1921. 

ELIZABETH M. GEFFEN, 1958-1983; Professor Emerita of History. 
B.S., in Ed., University of Pennsylvania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 
1958. 

JUNE EBY HERR, 1959-1980; Associate Professor Emerita of Elemen- 
tary Education. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Penn- 
sylvania State University, 1954. 

THOMAS A. LANESE, 1954-1978; Associate Professor Emeritus of 
Strings, Conducting, and Theory. B.Mus., Baldwin-Wallace College, 
1938; Fellowship, Julliard Graduate School; M.Mus., Manhattan 
School of Music, 1952. 

JEAN O. LOVE, 1954-1985; Professor Emerita of Psychology. A.B., 
Erskine College, 1941; M.A., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, 1953. 

ANNA D. FABER McVAY, 1954-1976; Professor Emerita of English. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 
1950; Ph.D., 1954. 

HOWARD A. NEIDIG, 1948-1985; Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.S., University of Delaware, 
1946; Ph.D., 1948. 

AGNES B. O'DONNELL, 1961-1987; Professor Emerita of English. 
A.B., Immaculata College, 1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; 
M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D., 1976. 

J. ROBERT O'DONNELL, 1961-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of 
Physics. B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1950; M.S., Univer- 
sity of Delaware, 1953. 

SARA ELIZABETH PIEL, 1960-1975; Professor Emerita of Languages. 
A.B., Chatham College, 1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; 
Ph.D., 1938. 



139 



JACOB L. RHODES, 1957-1985; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1943; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 
1958. 

ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951-1986; Professor Emeritus, Economics and 
Business Administration; Vice President and Controller, Emeritus. 
B.S., in Ed., Shippensburg State College, 1941; M.S., Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1947; Ph.D., New York University, 1962; C.P.M., 1976. 

MALIN Ph. SAYLOR, 1961-1980; Professor Emerita of French, 1985. 
Fil. Kand., Universities of Upsala and Stockholm, 1938. 

RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; 1953-1984; Professor Emeritus of History 
and Assistant Dean Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; 
A.M., University of Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. 

ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951-1983; Professor Emeritus of English, B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 

JAMES M. THURMOND, 1954-1979; Professor Emeritus of Music Edu- 
cation and Brass. Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931; A.B., 
American University, 1951; M.A., Catholic University, 1952; Mus.D., 
Washington College of Music, 1944. 

L. ELBERT WETHINGTON, 1963-1983; Professor Emeritus of Reli- 
gion. B.A., Wake Forest, 1944; B.D., Divinity School of Duke Univer- 
sity, 1947; Ph.D., Duke University, 1949. 

Active 

MADELYN J. ALBRECHT, 1973-; Associate Professor of Education. 
B.A., Northern Baptist College, 1952; M.A., Michigan State Univer- 
sity, 1958; Ph.D., 1972. 

DONNA ANDERSON, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Economics and 
Management. B.S., Lehigh University, 1981; M.A., University of Colo- 
rado, 1985. 

RICHARD ARNOLD, 1984-; Assistant Professor of Management. B.S., 
Bucknell University, 1963; M.S.B.A., 1980; C.P.A., Pennsylvania, 
1984; C.M.A., 1986. 

SHARON ARNOLD, 1986-; Associate Professor of Sociology. B.A., 
University of Akron, 1964; M.A., 1967. 

SUSAN ATKINSON, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Education. B.S., 
Shippensburg University, 1972; M.Ed., (Elementary Education) Ship- 
pensburg University, 1973; M.Ed., (Special Education) Shippensburg 
University, 1979; D.Ed., Temple University, 1987. 

PHILIP A. BILLINGS, 1970-; Professor of English. B.A., Heidelberg 
College, 1965; M.A., Michigan State University, 1967; Ph.D., 1974. 

140 



JAMES H. BROUSSARD, 1983-; Associate Professor of History, Chair- 
man of the Department of History and Political Science. A.B., Har- 
vard University, 1963; M.A., Duke University, 1965; Ph.D., 1968. 

DONALD EUGENE BROWN, 1983-; Associate Professor of Political 
Science. B.S., Western Illinois University, 1969; M.A., State University 
of New York at Binghamton, 1973; Ph.D., 1982. 

DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 1971-; Professor of Religion; Chairman of 
the Department of Religion and Philosophy. B.A., St. Paul Seminary, 
1963; M.A., Marquette University, 1966; Ph.D., Duke University, 
1972. 

VOORHIS C. CANTRELL, 1968-; Professor of Religion and Greek. 
B.A., Oklahoma City University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist Uni- 
versity, 1956; Ph.D., Boston University, 1967. 

SHARON F. CLARK, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Management; Acting 
Chairman of the Department of Management. B.A., University of 
Richmond, 1969; J.D., 1971. 

RICHARD D. CORNELIUS, 1985-; Professor of Chemistry; Chairman 
of the Department of Chemistry. B.A., Carleton College, 1969; Ph.D., 
University of Iowa, 1974. 

DENNIS CREEDEN, 1986-; Instructor in Management. B.S., Pennsylva- 
nia State University; M.S., 1975; M.B.A., 1976. 

SALVATORE CULLARI, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. 
B.A., Kean College, 1974; M.A., Western Michigan University, 1976; 
Ph.D., 1981. 

GEORGE D. CURFMAN, 1961-; Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1953; M.M., University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., 
Pennsylvania State University, 1971. 

DONALD B. DAHLBERG, 1980-; Associate Professor of Chemistry. 
B.S., University of Washington, 1967; M.S., Cornell University, 1969; 
Ph.D., 1971. 

MICHAEL DAY, 1987-; Associate Professor of Physics. B.S., University 
of Idaho, 1969; M.A. (Philosophy), 1977; M.S. (Physics), 1978; Ph.D. 
(Physics), 1983. 

BARBARA J. DENISON, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Sociology. B.A., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.A., University of York, 1981; Ph.D., 
Northwestern University, 1985. 

PHYLIS DRYDEN, 1987-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Atlantic 
Union College, 1976; M.A., State University of New York at Albany, 
1985. 

SCOTT H. EGGERT, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.F.A., Uni- 



141 



versity of Wisconsin (Milwaukee), 1971; M.A., University of Chicago, 
1974; D.M.A., University of Kansas, 1982. 

DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Biology. B.A., Uni- 
versity of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., SUNY College at Buffalo, 
1976; Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 

WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947-; Professor of Music. Mus.B., cum 
laude, Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. 

ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965-; Professor of English; Chairman of the De- 
partment of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; M.A., Bowl- 
ing Green State University, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 

EILEEN N. FRANKLAND, 1986-; Instructor in Sociology and Social 
Service, 1987-; B.A., Pennsylvania State University, 1973; M.S.W., 
Barry University, 1982. 

MICHAEL D. FRY, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sci- 
ences. B.A., Immaculate Heart College, 1975; Ph.D., University of 
Illinois, 1980. 

PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959-; Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1951; M.S.M., Union Theological Seminary School of Sacred 
Music, 1953; A.M.D., Eastman School of Music, 1967. 

MICHAEL A. GRELLA, 1980-; Associate Professor of Education; 
Chairman of the Department of Education. B.A., St. Mary's Seminary 
and University, 1958; M.A., West Virginia University, 1970; Ed.D., 
1974. 

BEATRICE M. GUENTHER, 1987-; Instructor in French. B.A., Univer- 
sity of Toronto, 1982. 

KLEMENT M. HAMBOURG, 1982-; Associate Professor of Music. 
A.T.C.M., Royal Conservatory of Music, 1946; L.R.A.M., Royal 
Academy of Music, 1962; A.R.C.M., Royal college of Music, 1962; 
L.T.C.L., Trinity College of Music (London), 1965; Fellow, 1966; 
D.M.A., University of Oregon, 1977. 

CAROLYN R. HANES, 1977-; Associate Professor of Sociology and 
Social Service, and Leadership Studies; Chairman of the Department 
of Sociology. B.A., Central Michigan University, 1969; M.A., Univer- 
sity of New Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 

BRYAN V. HEARSEY, 197 1-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., 
Western Washington State College, 1964; M.A., Washington State Uni- 
versity, 1966; Ph.D., 1968. 

ROBERT H. HEARSON, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Music. B. Music, 
University of Iowa, 1964; M.A., 1965; Ed.D., University of Illinois, 
1983. 



142 



JOHN H. HEFFNER, 1972-; Professor of Philosophy. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1968; A.M., Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 1976. 

BARRY L. HURST, 1982-; Assistant Professor of Physics; Chairman of 
the Department of Physics. B.S., Juniata College, 1972; Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of Delaware, 1982. 

DIANE M. IGLESIAS, 1976-; Professor of Spanish; Chairman of the 
Department of Foreign Languages. B.A., Queens College, 1971; M.A., 
1974; Ph.D., City University of New York, 1979. 

RICHARD A. ISKOWITZ, 1969-; Associate Professor of Art; Chairman 
of the Department of Art. B.F.A., Kent State University, 1965; 
M.F.A., 1967. 

RICHARD A. JOYCE, 1966-; Assistant Professor of History. A.B., Yale 
University, 1952; M.A., San Francisco State College, 1963. 

JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971-; Professor of English. B.A., St. Benedict's 
College, 1962; M.A., University of Michigan, 1963; Ph.D., University 
of Wisconsin, 1968. 

DAVID I. LASKY, 1974-; Professor of Psychology; Chairman of the 
Department of Psychology. A.B., Temple University, 1956; M.A., 1958; 
Ph.D., 1961. 

ROBERT C. LAU, 1968-; Professor of Music; Chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1965; M.A., Eastman 
School of Music, 1970; Ph.D., Catholic University, 1979. 

LEON E. MARKOWICZ, 1971-; Professor of Leadership Studies. A.B., 
Duquesne University, 1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; 
Ph.D., 1972. 

JOERG W.P. MAYER, 1970-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Dipl. 
Math., University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. 

OWEN A. MOE,JR., 1973-; Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. Olaf's 
College, 1966; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. 

PHILIP G. MORGAN, 1969-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.M.E., 
Kansas State College, 1962; M.S., 1965. 

JOHN D. NORTON, 1971-; Professor of Political Science. B.A., Univer- 
sity of Illinois, 1965; M.A., Florida State University, 1967; Ph.D., 
American University, 1973. 

MICHELLE Y PENNER, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical 
Sciences. B.A., State University of New York, 1981; M.S., Oklahoma 
State University, 1985. 

GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963-; Associate Professor of Physical Educa- 
tion. B.S., Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. 

SIDNEY POLLACK, 1976-; Associate Professor of Biology. B.A., New 
York University, 1963; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1970. 

143 



O. KENT REED, 1971-; Associate Professor of Physical Education; 

Chairman of the Department of Physical Education. B.S., in Ed., 

Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., in Ed., Eastern Kentucky University, 

1970. 
C. ROBERT ROSE, 1981-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed., 

Southern Illinois University, 1964; M.M., 1966; D.M., Indiana Univer- 
sity, 1978. 
GAIL SANDERSON, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.A., 

Hobart and William Smith Colleges, 1970; M.B.A., Boston University, 

1977. 
JAMES W. SCOTT, 1976-; Professor of German. B.A., Juniata College, 

1965; Ph.D., Princeton University, 1971. 
DAVID S. SEITZ, 1981-; Assistant Professor of Accounting and Man- 
agement. B.S., University of Delaware, 1957; B.S., York College of 

Pennsylvania, 1977; M.B.A., 1980. 
JULIE SURIS, 1983-; Instructor in Spanish and French. B.A., University 

of Minnesota, 1969; M.A., 1971. 
DENNIS W. SWEIGART, 1972-; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 1965; 

D.M.A., University of Iowa, 1977. 
WARREN K.A., THOMPSON, 1967-; Associate Professor of Philosophy 

and Leadership Studies and Director of Leadership Programs. A.B., 

Trinity University, 1957; M.A., University of Texas, 1963. 
C.F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954-; Professor of Economics. B.A., Hastings 

College, 1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. 
HORACE W. TOUSLEY, 198 1-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical 

Sciences; Chairman of the Department of Mathematical Sciences. 

A.B., Ripon College, 1951; M.S., University of Alabama, 1970. 
MARK A. TOWNSEND, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematics. 

B.S., Bethany Nazarene College, 1965; M.A., Oklahoma University, 

1969; Ed.D., Oklahoma State University, 1983. 
PERRY J. TROUTMAN, I960-; Professor of Religion. B.A., Houghton 

College, 1949; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1952; Ph.D., 

Boston University, 1964. 
VICTORIA UKACHUKWU, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 

B.S., University of Ibadan, 1975; Ph.D., Georgia Institute of Technol- 
ogy, 1984. 
SUSAN E. VERHOEK, 1974-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Ohio Wes- 

leyan University, 1964; M.A., Indiana University, 1966; Ph.D., Cornell 

University, 1975. 



144 



THOMAS VILBERG, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.S., 
University of Wisconsin, 1972; M.S., North Dakota State University, 
1974; Ph.D., Bowling Green State University, 1979. 

JACQUELINE J. VIVELO, 1987-; Instructor of English. B.A., Univer- 
sity of Tennessee, 1965; M.A., 1970. 

STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS, 1973-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Central 
College, 1964; M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., Washington 
University, 1971. 

PAUL L. WOLF, 1966-; Professor of Biology; Chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Biology. B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1960; M.S., University 
of Delaware, 1963; Ph.D., 1968. 

ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Gettysburg Col- 
lege, 1963; M.A., Drake University, 1965; Ph.D., University of Ver- 
mont, 1968. 

GLENN H. WOODS, 1965-; Associate Professor of English. A.B., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. 



ADJUNCT 

Larry R. Albright, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Hotel Manage- 
ment. A.D.S., Culinary Institute of America, 1966. 

Roy W. Allison, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Education. 
E.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University, 1966. 

Michael J. Asken, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. 
Ph.D., West Virginia University, 1976. 

Paul B. Baker, 1984-; Lecturer in English. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 
1979. 

David V. Bilger, 1974-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Ithaca Col- 
lege, 1967. 

Marie G. Bongiovanni, 1985-; Lecturer in English. M.B.A., Drexel Uni- 
versity, 1982. 

Teresa M. Bowers, 1978-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Susque- 
hanna University, 1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

David L. Broderic, 1988-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Health Care 
Management. M.B.A., University of Chicago, 1975. 

William W. Cave, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Service. M.Div., Bethany 
Theological Seminary, 1969. 



145 



Erwin P. Chandler, 1978-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. B.S., 
Ithaca College, 1966; M.M., Indiana University, 1971. 

John R. Dabrowski, 1987-; Instructor in Military Science. M.A., East 
Stroudsburg State University. Captain, U.S. Army, Infantry. 

Paul E. Deysher, 1986-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management. 
M.Ed., Temple University. 

Francis T. Deyo, 1986-; Lecturer in Political Science. M.P.A., The Penn- 
sylvania State University, 1986. 

Michael A. DiGennaro, 1987-; Instructor in Military Science. B.S., 
United States Military Academy, West Point. Captain, U.S. Army, 
Aviation. 

Nelson L. Ebersole, 1985-; Lecturer in Real Estate. 

Jan Edwards, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Service. M.A., Ohio University, 
1972. 

James A. Erdman, II, 1983-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Manage- 
ment. M.B.A., Columbia University, 1977. 

Robert M. Fisher, 1985-; Lecturer in English. M.A., Shippensburg Uni- 
versity, 1976. 

Wesley Fisher, 1987-; Adjunct Instructor of Music. 

V. Carl Gacono, 1985-; Lecturer in Real Estate. B.S., Susquehanna Uni- 
versity, 1953. 

Robert D. Gingrich, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Service. M.S., Moravian 
College, 1968. 

Richard J. Goedkoop, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of English. 
Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University, 1980. 

James S. Hume, 1983-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical 
Sciences. M.S., Virginia State College, 1970. 

James R. Klock, 1981-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., West Virginia 
University, 1979. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, 1954-1958; 1963; 1970-; Adjunct Associate Professor 
of Music. Mus B., Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 1951; M.F.A., Ohio 
University, 1953. 

Stephen G. Lavender, 1985-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Castle- 
ton State College, 1978. 

Nelson M. Martin, 1987-; Instructor in Military Science. M.B.A., Univer- 
sity of Arizona. Major, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. 

Judith M. McLean, 1986-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Marshall 
University, 1964. 



146 



Robert T. Meashey, 1980-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1977. 
Charles D. Mintz, 1984-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion. M.A., 

Hebrew Union College, 1956. 
Wilmer G. Nolt, 1983-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 

M.Ed., University of Delaware, 1969. 
Edward Peters, 1985-; Lecturer in Computer Science. B.A., Lehigh Uni- 
versity, 1976. 
Joseph E. Peters, 1974-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University, 1973. 
Marie E. Riegle, 1985-; Lecturer in Art. M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State 

University, 1979. 
Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, 1982-; Adjunct Instructor in Music and Director 

of Preparatory Music. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.M., 

Westminster Choir College, 1982. 
David Rogers, 1986-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., 

Rosemead College, 1985. 
James Schall, 1985-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Hotel Management. 

M.B.A., Indiana University, 1968. 
David Stafford, 1981-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs Col- 
lege of Music, 1967. 
Thomas M. Strohman, 1977-1983; 1987-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1975. 
David G. Thompson, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University, 1978. 
Ford S. Thompson, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. 

M.A., George Washington University, 1967. 
Anna F. Tilberg, 1982-; Lecturer in Biology. B.A., University of Pennsyl- 
vania. 1969. 
Kenneth R. Widdall, 1987-; Lecturer in Management. Ed.D., Columbia 

University, 1959. 
David W. Wilgus, 1987-; Professor of Military Science. M.A., Webster 

University. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Aviation. 
Donald Winer, 1987-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Art. M.A.F.A., 

University of Missouri, 1951. 
R. Gordon Wise, 1973-; Adjunct Professor of Art. Ed.D., University of 

Missouri, 1970. 



147 



Adjuncts in Medical Technology 

Sacred Heart Hospital: Director, Francis V. Kostelnik, M.D.; Educational 
Coordinator, Sandra A. Neiman, M.T. (ASCP), CLS. 

Harrisburg Hospital: Medical Director of Laboratories, Him W. Kwee, 
M.D.; Program Director, Janice M. fogelman, M.Ed., M.T. (ASCP). 

Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg: Director, Julian Potok, D.O.; 
Educational Coordinator, Margaret A. Black, M.T. (ASCP). 

Lancaster General Hospital: Director, Gerald Fahs, M.D.; Program Di- 
rector, Nadine Gladfelter, M.D., M.T. (ASCP). 

Reading Hospital and Medical Center: Director, I. Donald Stuard, M.D.; 
Educational Coordinator, Sharon Dietrich, M.T. (ASCP). 

Jersey Shore Medical Center - Fitkin Hospital: Director, Martin Krum- 
merman, M.D.; Educational Coordinator, Florence M. Cook, M.T. 
(ASCP). 

Faculty and Administrative Staff Support 

CHARLES R. BEAMESDERFER, Science Center 
HELEN S. BECHTEL, Library 
MARILYN E. BOESHORE, Alumni Office 
ELIZABETH J. DAY, 125th Anniversary Campaign 
NAOMI R. EMERICH, Development Office 
BEVERLY J. GAMBLE, Music Department 
DORIS L. GERLACH, Library 
JOYCE A. GUERRISI, Registrar's Office 
WENDI JO HALDEMAN, Athletic Department 
JOANN Y HAUER, Ben Franklin Program, Registrar's Office 
MARY E. HERVEY, English, Foreign Language Departments 
DONALD R. HIRNEISEN, Printer 
CHRISTINE M. HOPPLE, Library 
JOANNE J. HUTTON, Admissions Office 
DOROTHY I. KLINE, Registrar's Office 
MARK M. MANNO, Mail Services 
CAROL A. MAYA, Business Office 
KAREN R. McLUCAS, Admissions Office 

H. GRACE MORRISSEY, Chaplains's Office, Religion, Philosophy De- 
partments 

GWENDOLYN W. PIERCE, Vice President and Controller's Office 
CHARLOTTE J. RITTLE, Management Department 



148 



SALLY A. RIVERA, Biology, Psychology, Sociology Departments 
MARIAN C. ROGERS, Continuing Education Office 
ANITA Y. SAUERWEIN, Financial Aid Office 

CAROL L. SCHAAK, Vice President of Student Affairs/Dean of Stu- 
dents Office 

PATRICIA A. SCHOOLS, Career Planning and Placement Office 
JACQUELINE F. SHOWERS, Telephone Console Attendant 
REBECCA L. SHOWERS, Business Office 

BARBARA A. SMITH, Vice President and Dean of the Faculty Office 
INGEBORG M. SNOKE, Institutional Advancement Office 
TAMMY L. STEELE, Dean of Continuing Education Office 
LINDA L. SUMMERS, College Store 

BERNICE K. TEAHL, Physics, Chemistry, Art Departments 
BONNIE C. TENNEY, Buildings and Grounds Office 
JUNE S. ZEITERS, Student Activities Office 



149 



INDEX 



Academic 

calendar 4, 5, 6 

dishonesty 17 

dismissal 17 

honors 22 

probation 18 

procedures 11 

programs 21 

regulations 11 

Academic Programs 

General Education Program 21 

Honors Programs 25 

The Leadership Program 23 

Accounting 

course descriptions, major 59 

Accounting Certificate Program 10 

Accreditation 3 

Actuarial Science 

course descriptions, major 61 

Adjunct Faculty Directory 145 

Admissions 

application procedure 8 

early decision policy 8 

high school preparation for 8 

Office 8 

Administration Directory 133 

Advanced Placement 15 

Allied Health Sciences 29 

American College Tests 8 

American University, The (Washington, 

D.C.) 20 

Application 

fee 8 

form 8 

Art 

course descriptions, minor 62 

department of 27 

Athletic Directory 137 

Audit (AU, grade of 13 

Auditing Courses 

registration procedure 13 

Baccalaureate Degrees Conferred 11 

Biochemistry 

course descriptions, major 63 

department of 28, 32 

Biology 

course descriptions, major 64 

department of 27 

Board of Trustees 7 

Board of Trustees Directory 129 

Business Office 9 



Calender, academic 

1987-1988 4 

1988-1989 5 

1989-1990 6 

Challenge examinations 14 

Chemistry 

course descriptions, major 67 

department of 31 

Christian education 56 

Class Attendance 14 

College Level Examination Programs 

(CLEP) 15 

Computer Science 

course descriptions, major 69 

Continuing Education 10 

Communications 69 

Cooperative Programs (biology) 28 

Courses 

auditing 13 

concurrent 14 

repetition of 13 

description of 59 

Credit 

challenge exams 14 

for life experience 14 

hours 12 

transfer 12 

Criminal Justice 125 

Cytotechnology 29 

Dean of the Faculty 18 

Dean's List 17 

Degrees 

conferred at Lebanon Valley College ..11 

Dental Hygiene 29 

Diagnostic Medical Sonography 29 

Departmental Honors and Independent 

Study course description 26 

Directory 129 

administration 133 

athletic staff 137 

Board of Trustees 129 

faculty 138 

adjunct faculty 145 

staff support 148 

Dishonesty, Academic 17 

Duke University 28 

Early Decision 

admissions policy 8 

Economics 

course descriptions, major, minor .... 71 



150 



Education 

Christian, course description 119 

course description, minor 73 

department of 33 

elementary, course descriptions, major 74 

music, course descriptions 98 

physical, course descriptions 109 

secondary, course descriptions 121 

Elementary Education 

course descriptions, major 74 

Engineering, Cooperative Program 53 

English 

course descriptions, major, minor .... 76 
department of 35 

Environmental Studies 

course descriptions 78 

Environmental Studies, Forestry and 

department of 28 

Faculty Directory 138 

adjunct 145 

Fees 8 

Finances, student 9 

Financial Aid Office 9 

Foreign Languages 

course description, major 78 

department of 36 

French 79 

German 82 

Greek 84 

Spanish 1 27 

Foreign Studies 20 

Forestry 

course descriptions 79 

Forestry and Environmental Studies 

department of 28 

French 

course descriptions, major, minor .... 79 
department of 36 

General Education 

course descriptions 81 

program 21 

requirements 22 

General Studies 

associates degree 81 

bachelors degree 81 

Geography 

course descriptions 82 

German 

course descriptions, major, minor .... 82 
department of 36 

Gerontology 58 

Germantown Metropolitan Semester 20 

Grade Point Average 16 



Grading 

policy 16 

systems 16 

Graduation 

honors 17 

requirements for 26 

Greek 

course descriptions 84 

department 36 

Health Care Management 

course descriptions, major 84 

Health Professions 85 

History 

course descriptions 86 

History, Political Science and Economics 

department of 38 

Honors 

courses 86 

departmental 26 

graduation requirements 26 

independent study 26 

programs 25 

seminars 26 

Hotel Management 

course description, major, minor 88 

International Business 90 

Leadership Studies Program 

course descriptions 24 

program 23 

voluntary program 24 

Management 

course descriptions, major 90 

department of 39 

Mathematical Sciences 

course descriptions, major, minor .... 94 
department of 41 

Mathematics 

course descriptions 94 

department of 44 

Medical Technology 97 

Metropolitan Collegiate Center of 

Germantown 20 

Military Science Program 

course descriptions 97 

department of 46 

Morphology 64 

Music 

appreciation 104 

conducting 105 

course descriptions, major, minor .... 98 

department of 48 

education 49 

history 104 



151 



applied music (individual) 106 

instruction 106 

instrumental 102 

organizations 103 

performance 48 

recitals, student 107 

sacred 48 

sound recording technology 49 

National Accrediting Agency for Clinical 

Laboratory Sciences 28 

Non-matriculated students 19 

Nuclear Medicine Technology 28 

Nursing 29 

Occupational Therapy 29 

Off-Campus Programs 

Germantown 20 

study abroad 20 

Washington semester 20 

Pass/fail 13 

Philosophy 

course descriptions, major, minor . . . 107 
department of 56 

Physical Education 

course descriptions 109 

department of 52 

Physical Therapy 29 

Physics 

course descriptions, major 109 

department of 53 

engineering 76 

Physiology 64 

Political Science 

course description, major, minor .... 112 

Probation, academic 18 

Programs 

academic 21 

Allied Health Sciences 29 

cooperative 28 

engineering 76 

general education 21 

honors 25 

off-campus 20 

Psychobiology 

course descriptions, major, minor ... 114 
department of 27 

Radiologic Technology 29 

Reading and Study Skills 118 

Readmission to College 19 



Recitals, Student 107 

Recording Technology 118 

Refund Policy 9 

Registrar 12, 17, 19 

Registration 

of courses 12 

changes of 13 

Religion 

course descriptions, major, minor ... 119 

department of 56 

Repetition of courses 13 

ROTC (see Military Science) 

Rules and Regulations 11 

Scholastic Aptitude Test 8 

Secondary Education 

certification 33 

course descriptions 121 

Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges (SOC) . 19 
Social Service 

course descriptions, major, minor . . . 122 

department of 58 

Sound Recording Technology 

course description, major 126 

department of 106 

Spanish 

course descriptions, major, minor . . . 127 

Special Programs 10 

Statement of Purpose 7 

Student Finances 9 

Student Recitals 107 

Study Abroad 20 

Study Skills, Reading and 118 

Summer Sessions 10 

Suspension 18 

Teacher Certification 

for non-matriculated students 19 

Thanatology 58 

Thomas Jefferson University 29 

Transfer 

credit 12 

procedures 12 

Veteran's Services 19 

Vice President of Student Affairs 18 

Washington semester 20 

Withdrawal 

from the College 19 

from course 13 



152 



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IH^Sfefll^f 







Campus Map and Key 




1. Administration Building (Business Office, Controller, Continuing Education, Dean of 
the Faculty, History and Political Science, Management, Mathematical Sciences, Media 
Services, President, Registrar, and Computer Center Offices) 

2. Mund College Center (Conference and Food Services, Little Theater, Dining Rooms, 
Snack Shop and Student Activities) 

3. Arnold Field 

4. Art Studio 

5. Blair Music Center (Education and Music) 

6. Bollinger Plaza (South Entrance to Campus) 

7. Carnegie Building (Admissions, Financial Aid, Career Planning and Placement and 
Dean of Students) 

8. Centre Hall 

9. English House (112 College Avenue) 

10. Fencil Conference Center 

11. Foreign Language House (104 College Avenue) 

12. Funkhouser Hall 

13. Garber Science Center (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Psychology) 

14. Gossard Library (Library and Microcomputer Lab) 

15. Hammond Hall 

16. Health Center 

17. Heating Plant 

18. Keister Hall 

19. Laughlin Hall (Communications, Alumni, Development) 

20. Lynch Gymnasium (Athletics and Physical Education) 

21. Maintenance Annex 

22. Maintenance Center and Security Services 

23. Mary Capp Green Hall 

24. Miller Chapel (Chaplain, Philosophy and Religion) 

25. North College 

26. Silver Hall 

27. United Methodist Church 

28. Vickroy Hall 

29. Wagner House (Leadership Studies, Sociology and Social Service, 124 College Avenue) 

30. Kreiderheim (President's Home) 

31. Arnold Sports Center 



Office of Communications, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 
17003-0501. Send change of address to Office of Admissions, Lebanon 
Valley College, Annville, PA 17003-0501. 
Fall 1987— 10M