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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

LebanonWley College 

of Pennsylvania 




Undergraduate 

and 

Graduate 

Catalog 

1989 - 1990 



Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 




'J ' ■ 

I 



^. 






*»»- 



ii: 



Lebanon Wley College 

of Pennsylvania 



Undergraduate 

and 

Graduate 

Catalog 

1989 - 1990 



Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Academic Calendar 

1989-1990 4 

1990-1991 5 

Campus Map 6 

Mission of Lebanon Valley College 7 

Undergraduate Information 

Admissions 8 

Continuing Education 10 

Undergraduate Academic Regulations & Procedures 

Degrees 11 

Academic Procedures 12 

Non-Traditional Credit 15 

Grading System 17 

Special Programs 21 

Undergraduate Academic Programs 

General Education 22 

Leadership Studies Program 24 

Honors Program 26 

Internships 28 

Independent Study 30 

Tutorial Study 32 

Special Topics Courses 32 

Departmental Programs 32 

Undergraduate Degree Requirements 
and Course Descriptions 63 

Graduate Academic Programs 

Admissions 134 

Academic Procedures 135 

Degree Requirements 139 

Course Descriptions 139 

Directory 

Board of Trustees 142 

Administration 146 

Faculty 153 

Accreditation 164 



1989-1990 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 



FIRST SEMESTER 



August 


24 


Thursday, 8:00 a.m. 


Residence halls open new students 




24 


Thursday, 10:00 a.m. 


Freshman Experience 




24 


Thursday, 2:00 p.m. 


Opening Convocation 




27 


Sunday, Noon 


Residence halls open 




28 


Monday, 9:00 a.m. 


Add/Drop Day 




28 


Monday, 6:00 p.m. 


Classes begin 


October 


9 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Mid-term grades due 




20 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


November 


17 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Thanksgiving vacation begins 




27 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes resume 


December 


8 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 


Classes end 


11 


-15 


Monday-Friday 


Final examinations 




15 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 


Semester ends 



SECOND SEMESTER 



January 


14 


Sunday, Noon 


Residence halls open 




15 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes start 




15 


Monday, 8:30-Noon, 


Add/Drop at 




26 


1:00-4:00 p.m. 


Registrar's office 


February 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Mid-term grades due 


March 


9 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Change of Registration Deadline 




9 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 


Spring vacation begins 




19 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes resume 


April 


11 


Wednesday, 9:30 p.m. 


Easter vacation begins 




16 


Monday, 7:00 p.m. 


Classes resume 


May 


3 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 


Classes end 




5-10 


Saturday-Thursday 


Final examinations 




10 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 


Semester ends 




12 


Saturday, 9:00 a.m. 


Baccalaureate Service 




12 


Saturday, 11:00 a.m. 


121st Annual Commencement 



1990-1991 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 



FIRST SEMESTER 



August 


23 


Thursday, 8:00 a.m. 




23 


Thursday, 10:00 a.m. 




23 


Thursday, 2:00 p.m. 




26 


Sunday, Noon 




27 


Monday, 9:00-11:00 a.m 




27 


Monday, 6:00 p.m. 




28 


Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 


October 


8 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 




19 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


November 23 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 


December 


3 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 




7 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 




0-14 


Monday-Friday 




14 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 



Residence halls open 

Freshman Experience 

Opening Convocation 

Residence halls open 

Add/Drop Day 

Evening classes begin 

Day Classes begin 

Mid-term grades due 

Change of registration deadline 

Thanksgiving vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end 

Final examinations 

Semester ends 



SECOND SEMESTER 



January 


13 


Sunday, Noon 


Residence halls open 




14 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 


Classes begin 




14 


Monday, 8:30-noon, 


Add/Drop at 




25 


1:00-4:00 p.m. 


Registrar's office 


February 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


Mid-term grades due 


March 


8 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 




15 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 


Spring vacation begins 


April 


2 


Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 


Day classes resume 


May 


2 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 


Classes end 




3-9 


Friday-Thursday 


Final examinations 




9 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 


Semester ends 




11 


Saturday, 9:00 a.m. 


Baccalaureate Service 




11 


Saturday, 11:00 a.m. 


122nd Commencement 




The 
Campus 




•«- To Palmyra, Henhey •Traffic Light 



To Lebanon, Reading ^ 



SOUTH CAMPUS ENTRANCE 



WEST MAIN STREET 




10. 



EAST MAIN STREET 



ACADEMIC AND 
ADMINISTRATIVE QUADRANGLE 

1. Classroom and Administration Building: Business 
Office, Continuing Education Center. Dean of 
Faculty, History and American Studies, Media 
Services, Political Science and Economics, Presi- 
dent, Registrar's Office, Secretary of the College, 
Vice President for Administration, and Women's 
Counselling Center (Management and Mathemat- 
ical Sciences, Fall Semester, 1989) 

2. Blair Center: Dance, Education, Music, Music 
Education, and Sound Recording Technology 
Studios 

3. Miller Chapel: Chaplain, Philosophy and Religion, 
and Student Activities 

4. Academic Center: Computer Services, Manage- 
ment and Mathematical Sciences (Spring Semester, 
1990) 

5. Art Studios 

6. Garber Science Center: Biology, Chemistry, 
Physics, Psychology, and ROTC 

7. Gossard Library 

8. Carnegie Building: Admissions, Career Planning 
and Placement, Dean of Students, and Financial 
Aid Office 

9. Laughlin Hall: Advancement, Alumni and Parents 
Services, and Communications 
Wagner House: First Year Experience, Leadership 
Studies, Sociology and Social Work (124 College 
Avenue) 

English House (112 College Avenue) 

Foreign Language House (104 College Avenue) 

Pencil Building: Business and Industry Center 



RESIDENTIAL QUADRANGLE 

14. Allan W. Mund College Center: Conference 
Services, Dining Halls, Little Theatre, Residential 
Life Programs, Snack Shop, and Student Activities 

15. Mary Capp Green Residence Hall 

16. Vickroy Residence Hall 

17. Keister Residence Hall 

18. Hammond Residence Hall 

19. Funkhouser Residence Hall 

20. Silver Residence Hall 

2 1 . North College Residence Hall 

22. Shroyer Health Center 

23. Centre Residence Hall 

SPORTS AND RECREATION 
COMPLEX 

24. Lynch Memorial Intercollegiate Athletics and 
Physical Education Center 

25. Arnold Sports and Recreation Complex 

26. Edward H. Arnold Sports Center: Athletics, 
Recreation, and Pool 

27. Football Stadium and AU-Weather Track 

28. Soccer Field 

29. Baseball Field 

30. Field Hockey Field 

3 1 . Tennis Courts 

32. Arnold Parking Lot 

OTHER FACILITIES 

33. Kreiderheim: President's Residence 

34. Main Campus Entrance 

35. South Campus Entrance 

36. Bollinger Plaza 

37. Heating Plant 

38. West Parking Lot 

39. Mund Parking Lot 

40. East Parking Lot (Tour) 

41. Annville United Methodist Church 

42. Special Services (Security) Office 

43. Maintenance Center 



THE MISSION OF THE COLLEGE 



The Mission of Lebanon Valley College arises directly from its origins as a 
church related college. We emphasize that fact by maintaining affiliation 
with the United Methodist Church and by affirming the Judeo-Christian 
tradition as the perspective for our policies. 

The best way to understand the mission of Lebanon Valley College is to 
focus on what it is we hope for our students. We want our students: 

to develop a genuine concern for cooperative living and community 
service; 

to attain a heightened sense of moral and spiritual values through a 
deepened awareness of how people have thought of themselves in rela- 
tion to nature, to society, and to God; 

to appreciate the close and unmistakable relationship among rational 
thought, creative imagination, and moral commitment; and 

to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, and the 
future and their interrelationship. 

This assertion of hope for our students possesses three distinctive 
characteristics. (1) While this is not a list of priorities in rank order, neither 
is it a mere coincidence that cooperation with and service to others comes 
first. (2) Moral commitment is not affirmed as one of a laundry list of 
qualities nor does it appear as an afterthought. Rather it is inherent or 
explicit in all the desired outcomes. (3) The broad description of our pro- 
gram which these objectives implies identifies qualities which we attempt to 
achieve through both general education and major study, but the stress 
throughout is on interrelationships, not on knowledge in isolation, skills in 
isolation, individual achievement or development in isolation. We want our 
students to be as knowledgeable, as aesthetically sensitive, as skillful as 
possible, but we want more than that for them. 

The motto of the College, taken from the Gospel of John is "You shall 
know the truth and the truth shall make you free." But our aim is not mere- 
ly to free our students /row ignorance, superstition, prejudice, narrowness of 
vision. It is also to free them for a life of service to others. That purpose we 
affirm in the concept of leadership which gives focus to the ideals of educa- 
tion by reiterating the central value of the liberal arts tradition in a 
democratic society: to prepare people to make a difference, to contribute 
significantly to their various communities. 



UNDERGRADUATE INFORMATION 

Admissions For Day Students 
High School Preparation 

All admission candidates should have completed 16 credit units and 
graduated from an accredited secondary school, or present an equivalency 
certificate (G.E.D.)- Of the 16 units, 4 should be in English, 2 in foreign 
language, 2 in mathematics, 1 in science and 1 in social studies. 

Application Procedure 

A candidate for admission to Lebanon Valley College must submit a com- 
pleted application form with the required application fee, Scholastic Aptitude 
or American College Test results and an official transcript of high school 
grades. Students planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley must submit official 
transcripts of completed college or university work. Lebanon Valley College 
does not require the College Board Achievement Test. However, Achieve- 
ment Tests in foreign language are recommended for students seeking ad- 
vanced placement. 

All candidates are required to visit campus for a personal interview. Ap- 
plicants for admission into music, sacred music or music education programs 
are required to audition on campus; audition applications are available from 
the Admissions Office. 

Early Decision Admissions Policy 

An Early Decision applicant will be expected to complete an application 
stating his/her intention to seek consideration as an Early Decision candidate. 
The application must be accompanied by the required non-refundable 
application fee no later than November 15. An Early Decision applicant will 
be notified of the Admissions Committee decision by December 1 . A student 
accepted as an Early Decision candidate must confirm his/her acceptance by 
submitting a non-refundable deposit no later than January 1 . An applicant 
not accepted under the Early Decision program will be considered for admis- 
sion under the regular admission program. 

For further information contact: 

Admissions Office 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA 17003-0501 
(717) 867-6181 



Student Finances 

Payment for tuition, room, board, and other charges is due by a published 
deadline prior to the beginning of each semester. Students failing to meet 
this deadline will be required to make special arrangements with the Business 
Office before their course registrations will be processed. Questions about 
student finances should be addressed to the Business Office. 

Refund Policy 

Students withdrawing from a course, or the school, will receive a refund 
prorated according to the following schedule. 

Time Period Refund 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 80% 

During the third week of classes 50% 

After the third week of classes 0% 

Summer School 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 50% 

After the second week of classes 0% 

No refund is allowed on room charges. 

Deferred Payment 

Lebanon Valley College offers a deferred payment plan for those families 
who, after exploring other options, are unable to meet the College's prepay- 
ment requirements. Two agents have been appointed to process deferred pay- 
ment applications for Lebanon Valley College: 

Academic Management Services IPP/HES Trust 

Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 c/o Municipal Services Dept. 

Phone: 1-800-556-6684 Dauphin Deposit Bank and Trust Co. 

P.O. Box 2937 
Harrisburg, PA 17105 

The College has no financial interest in either of these plans and offers them 
as a convenience to students and parents. Students who are receiving monthly 
Social Security or Veteran's Education Benefits may defer the amount 
covered by these benefits. 



Continuing Education Center 

Lebanon Valley College's Continuing Education Center offers credit pro- 
grams on four levels: certificate, associate, baccalaureate, and diploma. Cer- 
tificates are starter programs that approximate the beginning of a four-year 
college experience, ideal spring-boards from which to go on for an associate 
or bachelor's degree. Diploma programs are intended for persons who have 
already been awarded a bachelor's degree in one discipline and desire to 
study another discipline in some depth and breadth. 

A second bachelor's degree may be awarded to adult students who already 
have received a bachelor of arts or sciences from LVC or another accredited 
college or university. In such cases, students only must complete the major 
requirements for the second degree or a minimum of thirty credits, 
whichever is greater. 

Courses in the Continuing Education Center are offered on the Annville 
campus in evenings, on weekends and in summer sessions. 

The Continuing Education Center publishes course schedules twice yearly in 
June and October. The summer session schedule is distributed annually in 
March. To obtain copies of course schedules or get detailed information on 
all academic programs for adults call 717-867-6213 or write Continuing 
Education Center, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 17003-0501. 

A candidate for admission to any of Lebanon Valley College's Continuing 
Education degree programs must submit a completed application form with 
the required application fee. An official high school transcript is required. 
Adult students planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley also must submit of- 
ficial transcripts of any completed college or university courses. Official 
transcripts relating to military or business courses also may prove to be 
useful. Personal interviews are not required, but are strongly recommended. 
To arrange an admissions interview call 717-867-6213, or 1-800-445-6181. 
Decisions on all adult student applications usually are made within one 
month after the last required transcript is received. 



10 



UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC 
REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES 



Attendance at Lebanon Valley College is a privilege not a right. To provide 
the necessary atmosphere in which teaching and learning can occur, the Col- 
lege expects that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted 
standards. The College has the right to require the withdrawal of any student 
whose actions are inimical to the purposes of the institution. The following 
academic regulations are announcements and do not constitute a contract be- 
tween the student and the College. The College reserves the right to change 
these regulations and procedures as it deems necessary for the accomplish- 
ment of its purposes, but wherever possible, a student will proceed to 
graduation under the regulations in effect at the time of his/her entrance at 
the College. 

Degrees 

Baccalaureate Degrees 

Lebanon Valley College confers eight baccalaureate degrees. Bachelor of 
Arts for students completing requirements in the following major programs: 
American studies, economics, English, foreign language, French, general 
studies, German, history, music, philosophy, political science, psychology, 
religion, sociology, Spanish and certain individualized majors. 

Bachelor of Science for students completing requirements in the following 
major programs: accounting, actuarial science, health care management, 
biochemistry, biology, chemistry, computer information systems, computer 
science, cooperative engineering, cooperative forestry, economics, elementary 
education, general studies, hotel management, international business, man- 
agement, mathematics, music education, physics, psychobiology, and certain 
individualized majors. Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of 
Science in Medical Technology, Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music in 
Sacred Music, Bachelor of Music in Sound Recording Technology, and 
Bachelor of Social Work for students completing requirements for the appro- 
priate major program. 

Associate Degrees 

Through the Continuing Education Center adult students may earn the 
Associate of Science degree in accounting, general studies or management or 
the Associate of Arts degree in general studies. 



11 



Academic Procedures 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full time, a student must take at least twelve credit hours 
in a semester. Seventeen credit hours is the maximum permitted without ap- 
proval from the student's advisor and permission of the Registrar. Audited 
courses are counted in determining the course load, but physical education 
and music organizations are not. To be permitted to take more than 17 
credits the student should have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or 
higher, or be enrolled in the Honors Program, or be a senior. Students shall 
pay the prevailing tuition rate for each credit hour beyond 17 (not counting 
physical education and music organizations). 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another ac- 
credited institution shall send an official transcript to the Dean of Admis- 
sions. If requested, the student must provide copies of the appropriate 
catalogs for the years of attendance at the other institution or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided the grades are C- (1.7) or better 
and the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley 
College. Grades thus transferred count for credit hours only, not for quality 
points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally ac- 
credited college can be admitted with full acceptance of coursework at the 
previously attended institution. Coursework in the major field, however, for 
which the applicant has received a D shall not be counted toward fulfilling 
the major requirement. 

Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of 
full acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding 
that the candidate has followed a basic course of study compatible with the 
curriculum and academic programs of the College and has been enrolled in a 
transfer program. 

Registration and Preregistration 

Students are required to register for courses on designated days of each 
semester. Students who register later than the designated times shall be 
charged a fee. Students desiring to register later than one week after the 
opening of the semester will be admitted only by special permission of the 
Registrar. 



12 



Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, changes of course hours 
credit, changes from credit to audit and vice versa, must be approved by 
signature of the advisor. In most instances, registration for a course shall not 
be permitted after the course has been in session for one full week. With the 
permission of the advisor, a student may withdraw from a course at any time 
through the last day of semester classes (see grading policy). A fee is 
charged for every change of course made at the student's request after 
Add/Drop Day. 

Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with the approval of their academic 
advisor. Audited courses are counted in considering the course load relative 
to the limit of hours. No grade or credit is given for an audited course, but 
the registrar will record the audit on the transcript if the student attends regu- 
larly. A change of registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit 
must be accomplished by the end of the eighth week of semester classes. 

Pass/Fail 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 credit hours) a student may elect to 
take up to two courses per semester and one per summer session on pass/fail 
basis; however, only six such courses can be counted toward graduation 
requirements. No courses taken pass/fail may be used to meet either general 
education, major requirements, or pre- or co-requisites for classes. A student 
may select or cancel a pass/fail registration any time during the first eight 
weeks of a semester. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student receiving a grade of D-l- or lower in a course may repeat that 
course once for a higher grade. For purposes of graduation requirements 
semester hours credit count only once. For purposes of cumulative point 
average only the higher grade counts; but the lower grade remains on the 
permanent record card. If a course failed at Lebanon Valley is repeated at 
another institution the credit may be transferred, but the original grade 
remains part of the cumulative point average. 



13 



Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry 
courses concurrently at any other institution without prior consent of his or 
her advisor and the Registrar. 

External Summer Courses 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for 
courses taken during the summer in another college, unless such courses 
have prior approval of his or her advisor and the Registrar. 

Attendance Policy 

Each student is responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements for 
each course, including regular class attendance. At the opening of each 
semester the instructors shall clearly inform students of class attendance 
regulations. Violations of those regulations shall make the student liable to 
receive a grade of F in the course. Upon the recommendation of the instruc- 
tor and the approval of the Registrar a grade of W will be assigned during 
the eight weeks of the semester, and an F will be assigned after that date. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the necessity of fulfilling all 
course requirements. 

Advanced Placement 

Advanced Placement with credit for appropriate courses shall be granted to 
entering students who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced 
Placement examinations. For scores of 3, final determination is made by the 
appropriate department. Advanced Placement without credit may be granted 
on the basis of the Achievement Tests of the College Board examinations or 
such other proficiency tests as may be determined by the Registrar and by 
the chairperson of the department. 

Second Bachelor's Degrees 

A person who has earned a bachelor's degree from Lebanon Valley College 
or another accredited college or university may earn a second bachelor's 
degree by meeting the following requirements: 

1 . A minimum of 30 additional undergraduate credits must be completed 
successfully at Lebanon Valley. 

2. All graduation requirements for the major of the second degree must be 
met satisfactorily. 

3. Course work completed successfully as part of the first degree program 
may be used to satisfy the graduation requirements of the second major. 



14 



4. No course already taken in the first degree program may be repeated in 
the second degree program. 

5. Teacher Certification credits may not be counted toward a second degree. 

6. Graduates from other accredited colleges or universities shall not be 
required to meet any Lebanon Valley general education requirements. 

7. No courses in the second degree program may be met satisfactorily 
through such non-traditional means as Challenge Examinations, CLEP, or 
Credit for Life Experience. 

8. No internships may be used to satisfy the 30 credit rule, unless such 
internship is required in the second degree major program. 

9. No courses in the second degree program may be taken Pass/Fail. 

Undergraduate Non-Traditional Credit 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes the ability of superior students to master 
specific areas of study on their own initiative and provides programs to 
allow these students the opportunity to gain credit. Any matriculated student 
may earn a maximum of 30 credits toward a bachelor's degree or a maximum 
of 15 credits toward an associate's degree through non-traditional means (ex- 
periential credit, advanced placement, CLEP, challenge examinations). 

Challenge Exams Policy 

Only the courses listed in the College curriculum may be challenged for 
credit. Full-time students should request challenge examinations through their 
academic advisors. Part-time students and those students enrolled through the 
Continuing Education program should make application or challenge exams 
through the Continuing Education Center. All requests must be approved by 
the Registrar and the chairperson of the department in which the course is 
listed. 

Challenge exams are considered to be comprehensive examinations in the 
subject area and are graded Pass/Fail. The grading criteria for passing a 
challenge exam shall be determined by each department. There is a fee for 
each challenge examination. This fee is for preparation and grading of the 
examination and is charged without regard to the test results. Challenge 
exams may not be taken by students who have received any grade in a 
course equivalent to or more advanced than the course for which the student 
is requesting credit by examination. Challenge exams may not be used for 
the purpose of acquiring credit for a course previously failed. Practicums, 
internships, seminars, research courses, independent study, and courses with 
required laboratory components are not subject to credit by examination. 



15 



CLEP (College Level Examination Program) Policy 

Credit shall be granted to those students who score well on CLEP examina- 
tions that are approved by the College. To receive credit, a student must 
score above the 50th percentile on the objective section and above a C, as 
determined by the appropriate academic department, on the essay section. 

A maximum of 6 credits shall be awarded for each examination; of these 
credits, only 3 may be applied to the general education requirements in the 
appropriate area. Credit shall be granted only to students who have 
matriculated at Lebanon Valley College. Requests for CLEP credit must be 
approved by the Registrar before the student has completed 30 credits. 

Credit for Life Experience Policy 

Lebanon Valley College provides for the awarding of undergraduate 
academic credit for knowledge acquired through non-academic experience in 
subjects in the College curriculum. The experience should have a direct rela- 
tion to the material taught in a course in the College curriculum and should 
extend over a sufficient period to provide substantive knowledge in the rele- 
vant area. Matriculated students who believe they qualify for such credit may 
petition the appropriate department through their academic advisors. Students 
enrolled in the Continuing Education program must petition through the Con- 
tinuing Education Center. This petition must (1) detail the relevant experi- 
ence in question, (2) provide appropriate supporting evidence, (3) note the 
equivalent College course by department and number, and (4) state the num- 
ber of credit hours sought. The appropriate department will consult with the 
academic advisor or the Continuing Education Center to determine the best 
means (interview, examination, portfolio, etc.) for evaluating the experience. 

Approval of experiential credit for full-time students must be made in writing 
over the signatures of the academic advisor, the appropriate department 
chairperson, and the Dean of the Faculty. Approval of experiential credit for 
students enrolled through the Continuing Education program must be made 
in writing over the signatures of the Director of Continuing Education, the 
appropriate department chairperson, and the Dean of the Faculty. 

Experiential credit cannot exceed six credit hours in one academic year and 
cannot exceed a maximum of twelve credit hours in the degree program. 



16 



Grading Systems and Grade Point Averages 

Student work is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), C 
(satisfactory achievement), D (requirements and standards met at a minimum 
level), F (course requirements not met). For each credit hour in a course, 
students receive the following quality points: 



A 


4.0 


A- 


3.7 


B + 


3.3 


B 


3.0 


B- 


2.7 


C + 


2.3 


c 


2.0 


c- 


1.7 


D + 


1.3 


D 


1.0 


D- 


.7 


F 






F carries no credit or quality points, but grades of F are used in calculating 
the grade point averages. The cumulative grade point average is calculated 
by dividing the quality points by the credit hours completed. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 
2.0, and a major grade point average of 2.0. Only grades in courses taken at 
Lebanon Valley College, and the LVC-Washington Semester programs are 
used to determine grade point averages. 

Students in the classes of 1990, 1991 and 1992 and all continuing education 
degree candidates admitted before July 1, 1989 must meet graduation re- 
quirements by earning a cumulative grade point average of 1.75 and a major 
grade point average of 2.0. Students in the class of 1993 and all continuing 
education candidates admitted after July 1, 1989 meet graduation 
requirements of earning a grade point average of 2.0. 

A student may not take a course that has a prerequisite course he/she has 
failed. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I, W, WP, and WF are used. I 
indicates that the work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the 
student for substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor), but 
otherwise satisfactory. This work must be completed within the first eight 
weeks of the next semester, or the I will be changed to an F. Appeals for an 
extension of time must be presented to the registrar by the first week of the 
next semester. W indicates withdrawal from a course through the eighth 



17 



week of semester classes. In case of withdrawal from a course thereafter 
through the last day of semester classes, the symbol WP is used if the work 
has been satisfactory and WF if unsatisfactory. The grade of WF is 
calculated as an F in the grade point averages. For physical education a 
grade of either S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory) is recorded. 

Once a grade has been recorded it may not be changed without the approval 
of the instructor and the Registrar. Students who feel the grade may be inac- 
curate should contact the instructor at once, but in no case later than the end 
of the semester following the course in question. 

Academic and Graduation Honors 

The Dean's List 

Students achieving a 3.40 grade point average while carrying at least 12 
credit hours for grade shall be named to the Dean's List at the end of each 
semester. 

Graduation Honors 

After completing a minimum of 60 credit hours of residence work a student 
may qualify for graduation honors. The honors to be conferred are Summa 
Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.75 - 4.0, Magna Cum Laude for 
grade point averages of 3.60 - 3.74, and Cum Laude for grade point aver- 
ages of 3.40 - 3.59. 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 

Students graduating with grade point averages of 3.50 are eligible for induc- 
tion into Phi Alpha Epsilon, provided they have earned a minimum of 60 
credit hours of residence work. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. 
Academic dishonesty shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, no action shall be taken beyond 
failure from the course, at the option of the faculty member. A letter of 
warning shall be sent to the student by the Dean of the Faculty, explaining 
the policy regarding further offenses, and the right of appeal. 

For a second offense, failure in the course is mandatory, and the Dean shall 
so inform the faculty member(s) involved. Additionally, the Dean of Faculty 
has the authority to take fiirther action, up to and including expulsion from 
the College. 



For a third offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the College are 
mandatory. 

The Dean of Faculty has the authority to make a determination of whether 
actions or reasonable suspicions of actions by a student constitute academic 
dishonesty "offenses" as above. 

Information related to academic dishonesty offenses must be passed by the 
faculty member to the Dean of the Faculty. The Dean shall retain the infor- 
mation for at least as long as the student involved is enrolled at the College. 
Information and evidence concerning academic dishonesty are the property of 
the College. 

All actions against a student for academic dishonesty offenses can be ap- 
pealed to the Dean of the Faculty, who will serve as final arbiter. 

Probation and Suspension 

Students in Classes of 1990, 1991, 1992 can be placed on academic proba- 
tion, suspended or dismissed if their academic standing fails to come up to 
the grade point average shown in the following table: 

Suspension or 
Probation Dismissal 
1st semester 1.25 

2nd semester 1.50 1.25 cumulative 

3rd semester 1.65 

4th semester 1.75 1.50 cumulative 

5th semester 1.75 

6th semester 1.75 1.65 cumulative 

7th semester 1.75 in all courses 

8th semester 1.75 

Students in the Class of 1993 can be placed on academic probation, sus- 
pended or dismissed if their academic standing fails to come up to the grade 
point average shown in the following table: 







Suspension or 


Semester Hours 


Probation 


Dismissal 


1 - 18 


1.50 




19- 36 


1.60 


1.50 cumulative 


37 -54 


1.70 




55 -72 


1.80 


1.70 cumulative 


73 -90 


1.90 




91 or more 


2.00 


1.90 cumulative 



19 



A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the 
Dean of the Faculty and informed of the College regulations governing pro- 
bationers. Students on probation are expected to regulate their work and their 
time in a most determined effort to bring their performances up to the re- 
quired standard. A student on probation who desires to begin a new activity 
or continue in an activity already begun, shall submit an appeal to the Vice 
President for Student Affairs. After consultation with the student's major ad- 
visor and parents, the Vice President for Student Affairs will render a 
binding decision. 

A student suspended for academic reasons normally is not eligible for 
reinstatement for one semester. A student seeking reinstatement must petition 
in writing to the Dean of the Faculty. 

A student twice suspended shall be considered for readmission only after 
completing appropriate academic work at an accredited college. 

Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

To withdraw from College a student must complete an official withdrawal 
form obtained from the Registrar. Continuing Education students must com- 
plete an official withdrawal form obtained from the Continuing Education 
Director. Readmission of a student requires written permission from the 
Dean of the Faculty. 

Veterans' Services 

Veterans who are eligible to receive educational benefits must report their 
enrollment to the Registrar after they register for each semester or summer 
session. The Registrar will then submit certification to the Veterans 
Administration. 

Veterans who are attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time must 
complete the appropriate forms in the Registrar's Office before certification 
will be sent to the Veterans Administration. 

Veterans with questions about the College or their status with the College 
should contact the Registrar. 

Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges 

Lebanon Valley College has been designated as an institutional member of 
Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges (SOC), a group of over 400 colleges pro- 
viding postsecondary education to members throughout the world. As an 
SOC member, Lebanon Valley College recognizes the unique nature of the 



20 



military lifestyle and has committed itself to easing the transfer of relevant 
course credits, providing flexible residency requirements, and crediting learn- 
ing from appropriate military training and experiences. 

Teacher Certification for Non-Matriculated Students 

Lebanon Valley College offers teacher certification to a variety of special 
students. Students with degrees from other colleges, or teachers seeking cer- 
tification in other fields, or Lebanon Valley College alumni seeking certifica- 
tion for the first time may receive certification. All students must present of- 
ficial transcripts of college work, or their previous teacher certification to the 
Registrar. The Education Department, the Registrar and the appropriate 
academic department shall evaluate the record and recommend the ap- 
propriate course of action. A fee shall be charged for this service. 

Off-Campus Programs 

The College offers several off-campus experiences for which students may 
register and receive credit. 

Study Abroad 

Students have opportunity for study abroad through the College's member- 
ship in the International Student Exchange Program, which consists of a net- 
work of more than 150 colleges and universities in 24 countries. Details are 
available from the Registrar. The College also assists students in locating 
and gaining admission to other foreign study programs; however participation 
in programs other than the International Student Exchange Program may af- 
fect the level of financial aid provided. In all cases, the proposed course of 
study must be approved by the appropriate department chairperson and the 
Registrar. 

Washington Semester Program 

Juniors and seniors in any major field, who have at least a 2.5 grade point 
average and have had basic courses in American national government, are 
eligible to participate in this program with approval of their department 
chairperson. This program is offered in cooperation with The American 
University in Washington, DC. Information is available from the chairperson 
of the Department of Political Science and Economics. 



21 



UNDERGRADUATE 
ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

General Education Program and Requirements 

Through the General Education Program, the College most directly expresses 
its commitment to the ideal of liberal education that underlies its statement 
of purpose. The Program consists of three elements: Leadership Studies, the 
Core, and Distributive Requirements. The program's chief goals are to pro- 
vide the essential foundation for the growth of knowledge and for making 
the connections between experience and learning. All degree students must 
complete the program outlined below. 

Leadership Studies 

In keeping with its commitment to fostering an understanding and enhancing 
the development of leadership the College requires all students to complete 
successfully a course in this area. 

Area 1. Leadership Studies. 3 credit hours. To introduce all students to 
theories of leadership and to analyze practical applications of those theories. 
LC 100 or LC 1 1 1 (for Leadership Award students and other students as ap- 
proved by the Director of Leadership Programs). 

Core 

The College requires that all students successfully complete the following 
interdisciplinary courses. 

GE 120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of 
how life in the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical 
developments in Europe and America, including the growth of science, the 
rise of national states, social classes and values, and changing views of the 
world. 3 credits. 

GE 140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human 
behavior. The nature and definition of culture. The biological and social 
sources of culture. Culture, language, personality. The impact of culture on 
social life and on the individual; examples from Westem and non- Western 
sources. 3 credits. 

GE 160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrela- 
tionships among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus 
content. Art as the product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 



22 



Distributive Requirements 

By requiring students to study a variety of academic areas the distribution re- 
quirement encourages each student to acquire an understanding of the broad 
spectrum of ideas and patterns of thinking that constitute the liberal arts. No 
course taken pass/fail or required for the first major may be used to meet the 
distribution requirement. Mathematics and computer science majors are 
exempt from the requirements of Area 3. 

Area 2. Communications. 6 credit hours. To develop effective speaking 
and writing skills. Two sequential courses in English composition. EN 111, 
112, or HC 201. 

Area 3. Mathematics and Computers. 3-6 credit hours. To understand 
mathematics as a way of thinking and as a tool for problem solving. One 
integrated mathematics/computer course (MA 100) or one mathematics 
course and one computer course. Eligible courses are CS 147 or 170 plus 
one from MA 111, 150, 160, 161,170. MA 100 fulfills entire requirement. 

Area 4. Foreign Language. 6 credit hours. To gain perspective on the 
role of language in human affairs. Two sequential courses in a foreign 
language (or exemption by examination). All foreign language courses 
numbered 101, 102, 201, 202 are eligible. 

Area 5. Historical and Cultural Contexts. 6 credit hours. To establish 
and explore the nature of human society. GE 120 and GE 140; or HC 202. 

Area 6. Science and Technology. 7-8 credit hours. To discover scientific 
principles and discuss related moral and ethical questions. Two laboratory 
courses in biology, chemistry, physics or psychology (the two courses need 
not be in the same science). Eligible courses are BI 101, 102, 111, 112, CH 
100, 111, 112, 113, 114, PHY 100, 103, 104, 111, 112, or PSY 120. 

Area 7. Aesthetic Experience. 6 credit hours. To learn to appreciate 
works of art and gain insight into creative process. GE 160 and one course 
in art, music or literature. Eligible courses are AR 110, 201, 203, EN 200. 
227, 228, PR 311, 312, GR 311, 312, MU 100, 341, 342, SP 311, 312; or 
HC 204. 

Area 8. Values, Persons and World Vievs. 6 credit hours. To explore 
the relationship between world views and value systems. Two courses in 
religion or philosophy (the two courses need not be in the same discipline). 
PH 110, 220, 230, 240, RE 110, 111, 112, 140, 222; or HC 203. 



23 



Area 9. Physical Activity. 2 credit hours. To develop an interest in 
physical activity as a part of total fitness. Two courses in physical education 
involving conditioning or life-long sports. Any physical education course is 
eligible. 

The Leadership Program 

Leadership Studies are a vital component of the education of every Lebanon 
Valley College student. In addition to the priority on leadership in various 
disciplinary courses, an interdisciplinary course involving the study of leader- 
ship theories and processes (LC 100 or LC 111) is required as part of the 
General Education program for all students. Beyond these basics, Lebanon 
Valley offers two advanced programs in Leadership Studies. 

Leadership Studies Program for Presidential Leadership Award Recipients 
provides a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of leadership, in both 
theory and application. This program consists of a four-course sequence 
spread over the four years of undergraduate study. 

A voluntary program in Leadership Studies is available to all students in the 
College who wish to continue their study of leadership, both to broaden their 
understanding of leadership theories and processes and to increase their self- 
awareness in their roles as leaders and followers. 

The Leadership Studies Program seeks to achieve the following outcomes for 
all participating students: 

1 . An understanding of the theories and models of leadership. 

2. Knowledge of how people in diverse social and cultural contexts have 
assumed leadership roles and performed as leaders. 

3 . A critical awareness of how ethics and values help determine whether 
responsible leadership or mere manipulation (the irresponsible use of 
power and authority) will occur. 

4. Increased self-awareness and understanding of how a person's behavior 
affects relationships in leader/ follower situations. 

5. Awareness and appreciation of the responsibilities and difficulties 
inherent in leadership. 

6. Enhanced potential to assume a role as leader or responsible follower 
within a group, organization or community. 

Leadership Studies Program for Presidential Leadership 
Award Recipients 

LC 111; Ethics: RE 222 or PH 220; LC 350 and LC 400. 



24 



Leadership Studies Voluntary Program 

LC 100 or 111; one course in communications: (EN 210 or 218); one course 
in organizational leadership (MG 330 or PSY 337 or SO 340); LC 330, 350 
and 400. 

Leadership Studies Courses 

100, 111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. Theories 
and concepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their practical 
applications. Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, com- 
munication skills, conflict resolution, motivation, decision making, and 
values clarification and ethics. Prerequisite: For LC 111 permission of 
instructor. 3 credits. 

330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of 
the ethical and valuational questions that reside at the core of both leadership 
and leadership theories. Prerequisite: LC 100 or 111. 3 credits. 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership as 
exemplified in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other cultures 
and assessment of the student's own leadership style are also included. 
Prerequisite: LC 100 or 111; PH 220 or RE 222. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LC 350. 3-12 credits. 

Faculty: 

Carolyn R. Hanes, Professor of Sociology and Social Work and Leadership 
Studies. Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. (See Department of 
Sociology and Social Work.) 

Daniel B. McKinley, Director of Leadership Studies. Assistant Professor of 
Leadership Studies. M.A., University of Maryland. M.A.L.S. Wesleyan 
University. Mr. McKinley maintains an interest in small group development 
and offers leadership labs for communication skills development. 

Leon E. Markowicz, Professor of Leadership Studies. Ph.D., University of 
Pennsylvania. He teaches courses in the Leadership Studies Program and 
assists in developing and coordinating Leadership internships. He serves 
local business as communications consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of 
the Pennsylvania Writing Project and is active in the Lancaster-Lebanon 
Writing Council. 

Barbara Jones Dension, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Leadership Studies. 
Ph.D., Northwestern University. She is interested in leadership and group 
interaction, especially in voluntary organizations, and acts as a consultant for 
religious and women's groups. 

25 



In addition to the appointed faculty, leadership studies courses are offered by 
faculty members from other disciplines within the College. 

Honors Program 

The honors program is designed for superior students who are keenly 
motivated to expand their intellectual horizons, develop their originality and 
curiosity, and challenge their intellectual abilities. 

The program seeks to sharpen critical and analytical thinking, develop verbal 
and written expression, encourage intellectual independence, and foster sen- 
sitive and informed investigation of human values. 

To achieve these goals, the program offers a demanding, stimulating and 
integrated alternative to the general requirements of the College. 

Entering students and first semester freshman are selected on the basis of 
interviews and scholastic records. 

Requirements: Students graduate with college honors after they have com- 
pleted the honors program with a 3.0 grade point average or better overall 
and in the honors courses. 

Honors Courses 

201. Honors Communication. Writing and speaking clear, grammatical 
and articulate English. Listening and reading well. Searching information 
sources and applying those sources ethically. Analyzing and drawing conclu- 
sions. 3 credits. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of 
society, their origins, and their impact upon human values. Emphasis on the 
interaction of the individual and the socio-cultural environment. Evaluation 
of the approaches of the various social sciences. 6 credits. 

203. Human Existence and Transcendence. A close examination of ques- 
tions and issues pertaining to human existence and the ways in which 
mankind has attempted, religiously and philosophically, to rise above the 
conditions of human existence. This course seeks to describe and examine 
the commonalties and differences between religion and philosophy as each 
discipline addresses itself to existence and transcendence. 6 credits. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, music, 
and plastic art, designed to acquaint students with functions, values, and 
aesthetic and cultural contexts of art, as well as to enhance their responses to 
art works. 6 credits. 



26 



Honors Seminars 

The honors seminars are intensive studies of topics offered for junior and 
senior honors students. The honors students choose the topics for the 
seminars, help select the instructors and assist in the design of the seminars 
with the instructors. Each participant in the honors program shall complete 
two honors seminars. 

Honors Independent Study 

An independent study project, the capstone of the honors program, provides 
the opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the student's 
own design. The project, overseen by a faculty member, must be approved 
by the Honors Director. When acceptable to an academic department such 
independent study may serve as the basis for departmental honors. Upon 
completion, the project will be presented publicly. 3 credits. 

Graduation Requirements 

In addition to the honors program and major requirements, honors students 
take: one leadership course; two (2) one-semester courses in science; two (2) 
sequential courses in a foreign language or exemption by examination or one 
foreign language course at the 300 level; a one-semester integrated course in 
mathematics and computer science (MA 100) or one course in mathematics 
and one course in computer science; and two (2) courses in physical 
education. 

Departmental Honors 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors work 
during the junior and senior years. For specific information, interested 
students should contact the appropriate department chairperson. Generally, 
departmental honors consists of a reading and/or research project producing a 
thesis or essay. This project is undertaken on a subject of the student's own 
choosing under the supervision of a faculty advisor. Opportunity also exists 
to do creative work. A maximum of 9 hours credit may be earned in depart- 
mental honors. 



27 



UNDERGRADUATE 
PROGRAMS OF STUDY 

Internships 

An internship is a practical and professional work experience that allows 
students to participate in the operations of business, industry, education, 
government, or not for profit organizations. Internships provide students with 
the opportunity to integrate their classroom learning with on the job experi- 
ence. Students test the practical application of their liberal arts learning in a 
variety of professional, service, and occupational settings. 
For one semester hour of credit, the intern should invest at least 45 clock 
hours of time in the internship. The internship essentially involves a contract 
between the student, the faculty advisor, and the on-site internship super- 
visor. In addition to the practical on-site experience, internships typically 
require special readings, reports, journals and faculty conferences. 

Students may enroll for three to twelve credit hours of internship in any one 
semester. A maximum of fifteen credit hours in intemships may be used 
towards the graduation requirements. All intemships have a course number 
of 400. The adjacent is a summary of departmental intemship policies. 

Additionally, Elementary Education and Secondary Education majors are 
required to complete successfully a student teaching field experience. Hotel 
management majors are also required to complete successfully three super- 
vised field experiences for a total of 9 credits. There are no intemships in 
art, music, or philosophy. 



28 



Internships 



Discipline 


Eligible 
Students 


Prerequisite 


Hrs.Per Sem. 


Other 
Requirements 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 


2.75 GPA 


Actuarial 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 




Science 










American 






3-6 




Studies 










Biochemistry 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 


2.00 GPA 


Biology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 -4 




Chemistry 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 


2.00 GPA 


Computer 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 




Science 










Economics 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 


2.75 GPA 


English 


Communications 
Majors only 




1 - 12 




French 






1 - 12 




German 






1 - 12 




History 






3-6 




International 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 






2.75 GPA 


Business 










Leadership 




LC350 


3- 12 




Management 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 


2.75 GPA 


Mathematics 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 12 




Physics 






1 - 12 




Political 




PS 111 & 112 


1 - 12 




Science 










Psychobiology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


PSY 100 or 120 


I - 12 




Psychology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


PSY 100 or 120 


1 - 12 




Religion 






1 -6 




Social Work 




SW 341 or 342 


1 - 12 


2.20 GPA & 
40 hr. vol. 


Sociology 






1 - 12 


18 cr. in Soc. 


Sound Recording 




SRT 388 & 487 


3-6 




Technology 










Spanish 






1 - 12 





29 



Independent Study 

Independent Study provides students with an opportunity to undertake a pro- 
gram of supervised reading, research, or specialized teaching methods, usually 
on subjects not incorporated in existing formal courses. Independent Study 
shall not be used to approximate an existing course for a single student or to 
cover projects more properly described as Internships. 

For one semester hour of credit, the Independent Study student should invest 
at least 45 clock hours of time in reading, research, or report writing. The 
Independent Study essentially involves a contract between the student and the 
faculty advisor. 

Students may enroll for one to nine credit hours of Independent Study in any 
one semester. A maximum of nine credit hours in Independent Study may be 
used toward the graduation requirements. All Independent Studies have a 
course number of 500. The following is a summary of departmental Indepen- 
dent Study policies. 



30 



Independent Study 



Discipline 


Eligible 
Students 


Prerequisite 


Hrs.Per Sem. 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 -6 


Actuarial 






1 -3 


Science 








American 






1 -9 


Studies 








Biochemistry 




CH311 & 312 


2 - 3 


Biology 






1 -9 


Chemistry 






1 -9 


Computer 






1 -9 


Science 








Economics 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 - 6 


Education 






1 - 3 


Elementary 






1 - 3 


Education 








English 






1 - 3 


French 




FR316 


1 -6 


German 






1 -6 


History 






1 - 3 


International 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 -6 


Business 








Leadership 


Jr/Sr 


LC 100 or 1 1 1 


3 - 15 


Studies 


Standing 






Management 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1 -6 


Mathematics 






1 - 6 


Philosophy 






1 - 3 


Physics 






1 - 3 


Political 






1 - 3 


Science 








Psychobiology 






1-9 


Psychology 




PSY 100 or 120 


1 -6 


Religion 






1 - 3 


Social Work 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


2.50 GPA & 
contract inst. & 
student 


1 - 3 


Sociology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


2.50 GPA & 
contract inst. & 
student 


1 - 3 


Spanish 






1-6 3^ 



There are no independent study courses in art, hotel management, 
and sound recording technology. 



music 



Tutorial Study 

Tutorial Study provides students with a special opportunity to take an 
existing formal course in the curricula that is not scheduled that semester or 
summer session. Students desiring a Tutorial Study must have an appropriate 
member of the faculty agree to supervise the study on a one on one basis. 

For one semester hour of credit, the student should invest at least 45 clock 
hours of time in the Tutorial Study. The Tutorial Study essentially involves a 
contract between the student and the faculty advisor. The typical Tutorial 
Study involves readings, research, report writing, faculty conferences, and 
examinations. All Tutorial Study courses have the same course number as 
the existing formal catalog course. 

Special Topics Courses 

From time to time, departments may offer Special Topics courses using the 
following course numbers: 290-298, 390-398, and 490-498. Special Topics 
courses are formal courses that are not listed permanently in the curricula 
and that are offered infrequently. These courses examine comparatively nar- 
row subjects that may be of topical or special interest. Several different topics 
may be taught in one semester or academic year. A specific course title shall 
be used in each instance and shall be so noted on the student record. 

Department Of Art 

The Art Department, through course work and the minor program, provides 
an opportunity for creative expression and a richer understanding of accom- 
plishments in the visual arts. 

No major is offered in Art. For the minor and course descriptions, see 
page 66. 

Faculty: 

Richard A. Iskowitz, Associate Professor of Art. Chairperson. M.F.A., 
Kent State University. He teaches art history, aesthetics and studio, and is 
director of the Mund Center art exhibits. Professor Iskowitz' special interest 
is photography and his work is exhibited frequently in juried competition. 

Marie F. Riegle, Lecturer in Art, M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State Univer- 
sity. Her teaching interests are art history, printmaking, painting and drawing. 

Donald Winer, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Art, M.A.F.A., University of 
Missouri. Mr. Winer is curator emeritus of The Pennsylvania Collection of 



32 



Fine Arts, William Penn Museum. His teaching specialties include art 
history especially Pennsylvania arts and crafts. 

R. Gordon Wise, Adjunct Professor of Art, Ed.D., University of Missouri. 
Dr. Wise is a Professor of Art at Millersville University and specializes in 
art education. 



Department Of Biology 



The aims of the program for biology majors are: (1) to provide a thorough 
understanding of the principles of biology and background in disciplines 
basic to biology; (2) to develop skills' in the application of the scientific 
method and in the retrieval and communication of technical information; and 
(3) to train students for employment at the baccalaureate level and to provide 
preparation for those interested in graduate, professional and medical 
programs. 

The department offers a major program in biology, and joint majors in 
biochemistry and psychobiology. For the major and course descriptions in 
biology, see page 68. For those in psychobiology, see page 117. 

Cooperative Programs 

Forestry and Environmental Studies 

Students completing a three-year program at Lebanon Valley College study- 
ing the liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry and environmental 
sciences may apply for admission to the cooperative forestry program with 
Duke University. Upon completion of the first year of the two-year (plus 
one summer) program at Duke University, the student will receive the 
Bachelor of Science degree from Lebanon Valley College. After completion 
of the program at Duke, the student will receive the professional degree of 
Master of Forestry (M.F.) or Master of Environmental Management 
(M.E.M.) from Duke University. Students may major in biology, 
economics, political science, or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

For specific program requirements in forestry, see page 83. For those in 
environmental studies, see page 83. 

Medical Technology and Nuclear Medicine Technology 

The College has its own major in medical technology. The student takes 
three years of courses to fulfill the requirements of the College and of the 
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences. Before or 
during the third year of the program, a student applies to a hospital with a 
CAHEA approved school of medical technology where he/she spends the 



33 



fourth year in training. Admission is not automatic and depends upon the 
academic record, recommendations and an interview. Upon satisfactorily 
completing the clinical year, the student is awarded the degree of Bachelor 
of Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley College. The College 
is affiliated with the following hospitals: Sacred Heart Hospital (in Allen- 
town), Harrisburg Hospital, Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg, Jersey 
Shore Medical Center-Fitkin Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, and 
Reading Hospital and Medical Center. However, the student is not limited to 
these affiliations and may seek acceptance at other approved hospitals. (Refer 
to the Allied Health Professions section for additional programs in medical 
technology.) 

The College offers a program for students interested in nuclear medicine 
technology ("3 + 1"). The College is affiliated with the schools of nuclear 
medicine technology at the University of Virginia Medical Center and J.F. 
Kennedy Medical Center, Edison, NJ. Admission is not automatic and 
depends upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. Ap- 
plication may also be made to other accredited programs. Upon successful 
completion of the program, students are awarded the baccalaureate degree by 
Lebanon Valley College. 

Allied Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College has established a cooperative program ("2 -1-2") 
with Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, PA for students interested 
in the allied health professions. The College of Allied Health Sciences of 
Thomas Jefferson University offers baccalaureate programs in 
cytotechnology /cytogenetics, dental hygiene, diagnostic imaging (radiography/ 
ultrasound), medical technology, and occupational therapy, and also offers 
an entry-level master's program in physical therapy. 

Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley College taking required courses 
in the basic sciences and other disciplines. During the second year, applica- 
tion is made to Thomas Jefferson University. Admission to Thomas Jefferson 
University is not automatic, and depends upon the academic record, recom- 
mendations and an interview. If accepted, the student spends two years 
(three years for physical therapy) at Thomas Jefferson University taking pro- 
fessional and clinical courses. Upon successful completion of the program, 
the student is awarded a baccalureate degree (or masters, for physical 
therapy) by Thomas Jefferson University. 

Lebanon Valley College also maintains a cooperative program with 
Hahnemann University in Philadelphia for students interested in medical 
technology ("2-1-3"). Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley and three 



34 



years at Hahnemann University. The program at Hahnemann University 
combines both classroom/laboratory study and off-campus salaried work ex- 
perience. Admission procedures are similar to those described above. Upon 
successful completion of this program, the student is awarded the bac- 
calaureate degree by Hahnemann University. 

Faculty: 

Dale J. Erskine, Associate Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of 
Oklahoma. He teaches animal physiology, introduction to immunology, 
human biology, and participates in general biology. He believes in introduc- 
ing his students to a wide range of laboratory experiences including modem 
instrumentation and computer-assisted data collection. His research interests 
are in temperature regulation and thermal tolerance, heat energy budgets, and 
computer analysis and simulation of animal -environment interactions. He is 
also director of the Summer Youth Scholars Institute. 

Sidney Pollack, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 
He teaches courses in genetics, microbiology, human biology, and general 
biology. He is the academic advisor for students preparing for the allied 
health professions. His research interests include Paramecium genetics. 

Susan Verhoek, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., Cornell University. She 
teaches plant form and function at the general biology level, and form, inter- 
relationships and systematics of non-vascular and vascular plants at the 
advanced level. Her research is on the pollination biology and systematics of 
members of the Agave family. A past president of the Society for Economic 
Botany, she has a long standing interest in the interactions of plants and 
humans; and, as author of a field identification book, a continuing interest in 
plants that flower in the spring. 

Stephen E. Williams, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., Washington University, 
St. Louis. He teaches molecular biology, plant physiology and the 
biochemical portions of general biology. He is a plant and cell physiologist 
who, working together with Lebanon Valley College students and scientists 
at other institutions, has made most of the major contributions to the under- 
standing of the physiology of carnivorous plants during the past twenty 
years, including the discovery of the mechanism of Venus flytrap closure. 
He has five years of experience automating laboratory instruments with mi- 
crocomputers and manages a project at Lebanon Valley College in this area. 

Paul L. Wolf, Professor of Biology. Chairperson. Ph.D., University of 
Delaware. He teaches courses in general biology, comparative vertebrate 
anatomy, and ecology. His research interests focus on the ecology of 



35 



wetlands with particular emphasis on the saltmarshes of Eastern United 
States and Nova Scotia. He also holds the position of Adjunct Professor of 
Marine Biology in the College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware. 

Allan F. Wolfe, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of Vermont. He 
teaches comparative histology, developmental biology, invertebrate zoology, 
general biology, parasitology, and directs independent study in cell biology 
using electron microscopic and histological techniques. His current research 
utilizes the brine shrimp, Artemia, to study the cell and tissue levels of 
organization of the digestive, reproductive, and neurosensory systems. 

Anna F. Tilberg, Lecturer in Biology, B.A., University of Pennsylvania. 
She is on the staff of the Milton Hershey Medical Center and teaches intro- 
ductory biology. 

Department Of Chemistry 

Chemistry is the "central science" that provides the fundamental understand- 
ing needed for protecting our environment, maximizing the yield from 
limited natural resources, improving our health, and creating new materials 
for tomorrow's products. Indeed, chemistry is essential to understanding life 
itself. 

Career opportunities in chemistry are numerous and diverse. Many students 
enter industrial or governmental laboratories where they find positions in en- 
vironmental analysis, quality control, or research and development. Possibili- 
ties outside of the laboratory include teaching, sales, marketing, technical 
writing, business, and law. Many chemistry students continue their education 
in graduate school in chemistry or biochemistry, or in professional schools in 
the areas of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine. 

At Lebanon Valley College the Department of Chemistry is located on the 
upper two floors of the Garber Science Center. Major scientific equipment 
available to students includes a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer, a 
liquid scintillation counter, a fourier transform infrared spectrometer, a high 
performance liquid chromatographic system, a diode-array UV-visible 
spectrophotometer, and a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer, and an 
atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Computers available to students in the 
department include Apple, Macintosh, and IBM-compatible machines. 

The Department encourages students to discover the excitement and chal- 
lenge of laboratory research. Research programs are conducted during both 
the academic year and the summer. Students are paid for summer research 
either from College funds or from grants that professors receive to support 
their projects. 

36 



Two degrees are available to those interested in chemistry, and one for those 
interested in biochemistry. The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is the more 
demanding of the two degrees in chemistry, and is recognized by the 
American Chemical Society. This degree has a required research component 
and is recommended for students who wish to become practicing chemists or 
enroll in graduate school. Other students opt for the standard Bachelor of 
Science degree, majoring in chemistry. 

For the major programs and course descriptions in chemistry, see page 71. 

The major in biochemistry is offered jointly with the Biology department. For 
the major program and course descriptions in biochemistry, see page 67. 

Faculty: 

Richard D. Cornelius, Professor of Chemistry. Chairperson. Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Iowa; postdoctoral research. University of Wisconsin. Inorganic 
Chemistry. Professor Cornelius works at the border of inorganic chemistry 
and biochemistry. He has interests both in the fundamental mechanisms of 
phosphoryl transfer reactions and in the development of platinum compounds 
that hold promise for anti-cancer activity. He and his students synthesize 
new compounds containing phosphates and study the rates of reactions of 
these compounds. Studying the nature of the new compounds provides in- 
sight into the manner in which enzymes catalyze related reactions in nature. 
He also has earned a national reputation for his work with computers in 
chemical education. 

Donald B. Dahlberg, Associate Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., Cornell 
University; postdoctoral work. University of Toronto. Physical chemistry. 
Dr. Dahlberg does research on the mechanism of elimination reactions in 
organic chemistry. An important question to be answered in mechanistic 
organic chemistry is when and how a reaction changes from a concerted 
mechanism to a multistep mechanism. Does one mechanism evolve into 
another as the substrate is modified, or do two distinct pathways exist at all 
times where each substrate chooses the path of lowest energy? He is also 
interested in applying the most recent developments in computers and elec- 
tronics to the construction of chemical instrumentation. 

Owen A. Moe, Jr., Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., Purdue University post- 
doctoral study, Cornell University. Biochemistry. Professor Moe is interested 
in applying the array of new techniques in biotechnology to practical prob- 
lems. He is currently working on the use of immobilized enzymes for the 
synthesis of bio-organic compounds. Processes that he is developing are 
designed to use stable, inexpensive polyphosphates for the regeneration of 



37 



ATP. ATP regeneration is a required, but currently an expensive, step in the 
use of enzyme reactors for organic synthesis. 

Stephen R. Sexsmith, Assistant Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., State Uni- 
versity of New York at Binghamton. Organic Chemistry. Professor Sexsmith 
is interested in the interaction of main-group and transition metal organome- 
tallic compounds as it relates to Ziegler-Natta polymerization catalysts. Of 
specific interest are the reactions of organoaluminum compounds with zero- 
valent nickel species. He is also interested in utilizing organometallic com- 
pounds in the study of coal liquefaction. 

H. Anthony Neidig. Professor and Chairperson Emeritus. Ph.D., University 
of Delaware. Recipient of the Chemical Manufacturers' Association College 
Chemistry Teacher Award in 1970 and the E. Emmet Reid Award for excel- 
lence in teaching in a small college in 1978. Professor Neidig 's pursuits 
include the development and publication of laboratory experiments for intro- 
ductory chemistry. 

Department Of Education 

The Department of Education prepares students for both elementary and 
secondary teaching. 

The Education Department is committed to preparing elementary education 
majors who have a thorough grounding in the disciplines they will teach 
within the context of a strong liberal arts foundation. The program includes 
intensive training in the content and methodologies of all elementary school 
subjects. 

The field-centered component in the program provides extensive and carefully 
sequenced opportunities to work with teachers and children in a variety of 
school settings during all four years of preparation for teaching. Majors spend 
an average of two hours per week each semester in various public school 
classrooms, observing teachers and children, aiding, tutoring, providing 
small-group and whole-class instruction, and completing tasks on increasingly 
challenging levels of involvement. Seniors spend the fall semester in full- 
time student teaching with cooperating teachers who have been carefully 
chosen for that role. Additional opportunities are provided for our students to 
work in nursery schools, child care centers. Head Start programs, middle 
schools, and in classes for exceptional children. 

Students pursuing secondary teacher certification are prepared for teaching by 
completing an intensive program in the departmental major(s) of their choice 
in conjunction with a carefully sequenced professional education component 



38 



within the Education Department. Both the major program and the profes- 
sional education component are completed within the context of a strong 
foundation in the liberal arts. 

Departmental majors may seek certification in biology, chemistry, English, 
French, German, Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies. 

Opportunities are provided candidates to observe and to teach in junior high 
and high school settings prior to the full-time student teaching semester. 
Cooperating teachers are selected through a process involving college faculty, 
public school personnel, and the student teachers, thus assuring the most 
beneficial placements possible. 

Dual certification, at both the elementary and secondary levels, or in more 
than one secondary area, is possible; however, such certification requires 
meticulous attention to scheduling and often requires an additional semester 
or two. 

Post-baccalaureate certification is also available for those who wish to 
become elementary school teachers or for those already certified who want to 
add elementary education to an existing certificate. 

The Education Department is intent on preparing well-rounded and qualified 
graduates who will exercise genuinely professional and personal leadership 
roles in the schools and communities where they will work. 

The major and course descriptions in Elementary Education are on page 78. 
The program and course descriptions in Secondary Education are on page 
124. The descriptions of courses in Education are on page 77. 

Faculty: 

Madelyn J. Albrecht, Associate Professor of Education. Ph.D., Michigan 
State University. She teaches courses in social, historical, and philosophical 
foundations of education, curriculum and methods, educational psychology 
and cultural geography. She supervises student teachers. She is an active 
scholar in the field of teacher education and an advisor for professional pro- 
grams leading to secondary teacher certification. 

Susan L. Atkinson, Assistant Professor of Education. Ed.D., Temple Uni- 
versity. She teaches educational methods courses in mathematics, science, 
social studies, and language arts, plus courses in the social, historical, and 
philosophical foundations of education and physical geography. She coordi- 
nates field practicum in the public schools and supervises student teachers. 
Her research interests are in the area of matching student/teacher learning 
styles to increase academic achievement. She holds Pennsylvania certitlca- 



39 



tions in Elementary Education, English Second Language, Special Education, 
and Library Science. Her areas of interest include multidisciplined curricula, 
classroom management, leadership strategies, and early childhood education. 
She believes in exposing her students to the "real world" of teaching 
through extensive hands-on educational activities and experiences. She is the 
advisor for the College's professional teaching organization, which includes 
secondary, elementary, and music education majors. 

Michael A. Grella, Professor of Education. Chairperson. Ed.D., West 
Virginia University. He teaches courses in children's literature, reading, the 
language arts, social studies, early childhood education, and exceptional 
children. He coordinates early field practica in the public schools and super- 
vises student teachers. He serves as the department's chief liaison with 
public school personnel and with the Pennsylvania Department of Education. 
He maintains a special interest in the acquisition of literacy at the primary 
grade levels and in learning disabilities. 

Department of English 

The major in English introduces students to the humanistic study of literature 
or to the humanistic practice of writing. While English majors may choose 
to concentrate either in literature or communications, the basis for both con- 
centrations is the systematic and analytic study of literature. All majors also 
learn clear, concise, and coherent expression as well as effective collection, 
organization, and presentation of material. Such study prepares the student 
for more advanced work in many fields. Graduates of the Department of 
English are prepared to work in such fields as journalism, teaching, editing, 
public relations, publishing, advertising, government, industry, the ministry, 
and law. 

The English department offers a major program with concentrations in 
literature, communications, and secondary education, as well as minors in 
both literature and communications. For program and course descriptions, 
see page 80. 

Faculty: 

Philip Billings, Professor of English. Ph.D. Michigan State University. He 
teaches courses in contemporary literature and aesthetics as well as creative 
writing. His publications include poems in various magazines and a book of 
poems based on people living in the region. 

Phylis Dryden, Assistant Professor of English. D.A. State University of 
New York at Albany. She is a specialist in composition theory, linguistics. 



40 



and American Studies and has experience in journalism and in industry. She 
publishes poetry, fiction, and non-fiction and has conducted poetry workshops 
as well as presented readings of her own poetry. 

Arthur L. Ford, Professor of English, Ph.D. Bowling Green State Univer- 
sity. He has published books on several American authors, including 
Thoreau and Creeley, as well as articles on composition theory and the com- 
puter in composition. Recent Fulbright lectureships in Syria and China have 
resulted in several research projects. 

John Kearney, Professor of English, Department Chairperson. Ph.D. 
University of Wisconsin. He is a Nineteenth Century British literature 
scholar working on a book on Dickens, who also teaches technical writing 
and directs the department internship program. 

JacqueUne Vivelo, Assistant Professor of English. M.A., University of 
Tennessee. She has worked as a technical writer and has published award- 
winning tlction for children. 

Glenn Woods, Associate Professor of English. M.Ed. Temple University. In 
addition to composition, his areas of interest include linguistics, speech, and 
the teaching of secondary English. 

Paul Baker, Lecturer in English. B.A. Lebanon Valley College. He is city 
editor of the Lebanon Daily News and teaches journalism. 

Marie Bongiovanni, Lecturer in English. M.B.A., Drexel University. 
Experienced in journalism and business, she teaches management 
communications. 

Richard J. Goedkoop, Adjunct Associate Professor of English, Ph.D., The 
Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Goedkoop' s teaching speciality is mass 
communications. Currently he is researching the process and product of local 
television news reporting. 

Agnes O'Donnell, Professor Emerita of English. Ph.D. University of Penn- 
sylvania. Recently retired, she teaches literature courses. 

Department Of Foreign Languages 

The study of a foreign language has three aims: to develop fluency in the 
basic communication skills, to provide an understanding of the cultural 
heritage of the people who use the language, and to understand language as 
the fundamental medium by which humankind thinks and interacts. 

The Department of Foreign Languages prepares the language major for a 
career in a variety of fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service. 



41 



foreign trade, business and social service. For many of these careers the 
study of a foreign language is often combined with majors in other 
disciplines. 

The Department encourages students to avail themselves of the College's 
opportunities for foreign travel and study, including the International Student 
Exchange Program. 

The Department of Foreign Languages offers majors in French, German, and 
Spanish, and in Foreign Language, as well as minors in the three languages. 
In addition, coursework, but no major or minor, is offered in Greek. The 
department also offers the major in International Business jointly with the 
Management department. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in French are on page 84. Those 
in German are on page 87. Those in Spanish are on page 131. The major in 
Foreign Languages and the descriptions of general courses in foreign 
language are on page 87. The course descriptions in Greek are on page 88. 
The major in International Business is on page 95. 

Faculty: 

Susan L. Egner, Instructor of Spanish. B.A., Lebanon Valley College; 
M.A., Middlebury College. She teaches the beginning level Spanish courses 
and is interested in pursuing Teaching Methodology at post graduate level. 

Diane M. Iglesias, Professor of Spanish. Chairperson. Ph.D., City University 
of New York. She teaches courses in Spanish language, Spanish and Latin 
American culture, civilization and literature. She has presented research 
papers in medieval balladry and the theater of the Spanish Golden Age at 
scholarly conferences. Her current research is in the area of the modem 
Latin American novel. She is particularly interested in the concept of 
"magical realism" as it applies to the works of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. 
James W. Scott, Professor of German. Ph.D., Princeton University. He 
teaches the language, literature and culture of German speaking areas. One 
continuing scholarly interest is medieval hagiography. His recent research 
and writing has focused on contemporary German literature and film. Past 
summers have taken him to Bonn on a Fulbright grant, to the Carl Duisberg 
Institute to study business German and to Leipzig to attend a seminar on the 
German Democratic Republic. He serves as secretary-treasurer of the Central 
Pennsylvania Association of Teachers of German and coordinates their 
annual testing program for high school students. 



42 



Joelle L. Stopkie, Assistant Professor of French. Licence, Sorbonne, Paris 
(France), M.A., New York University, Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College. She is a 
member of the American Association of Teachers of French (AATF), and 
the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) and 
also Phi Sigma Iota, the National Foreign Language Honor Society. 

Department Of History and American Studies 

By examining human behavior in the past, the study of history can help 
people better understand themselves and others. Students of history also learn 
how to gather and analyze information and present their conclusions in clear, 
concise language. 

An undergraduate degree in history or American Studies can lead to a career 
in teaching at the college or high school level, law, government, politics, the 
ministry, museum or library work, journalism or editing, historical societies 
and archives, private foundations, business, or a number of other 
professions. 

For the major, minor, and courses in history, see page 90. For those in 
American Studies, see page 65. 

Faculty: 

James H. Broussard, Professor of History, Chairperson. Ph.D., Duke 
University. He teaches American history and historiography. His research 
and publications concentrate on the Jefferson-Jackson era, the South, and 
American politics. He is also Executive Director of the Society for Historians 
of the Early American Republic. 

Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Professor of History and Religion and Director of 
American Studies Program. Ph.D., Duke University. His teaching centers on 
the history of Christianity and religion in America, and he participates in the 
Honors and Leadership Studies programs. His scholarship has focused on 
American folk religion; other interests include religion and literature, peace 
studies, and mysticism. 

Richard A. Joyce, Associate Professor of History. M.A., San Francisco 
State College. He teaches ancient, medieval, and modem European history. 
He is particularly interested in social and intellectual history. 



43 



Howard L. Applegate, Adjunct Professor of History, Secretary of the Col- 
lege. Ph.D., Syracuse University. He teaches business history and American 
military history. His current research interest is the American automotive 
industry. 

Elizabeth Radford, Lecturer in History. ABD, University of Virginia. She 
teaches Western civilization and American political history. Her research 
interest is American politics. 

John Abernathy Smith, Adjunct Associate Professor of History and 
Religion. Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University. His teaching interests are 
social and intellectual history. Dr. Smith currently is researching the history 
of United Methodist higher education. 

The Department Of Management 

The Department of Management offers programs leading to the bachelor of 
science degree in accounting, hotel management, management, and interna- 
tional business (jointly with Foreign Languages Department). The Depart- 
ment also offers a minor in hotel management. 

The Department's programs are designed to provide students with a sound, 
integrated knowledge of accounting and management principles, and related 
courses from supporting disciplines. The Department's programs are enhanced 
by the liberal arts and leadership studies core required of all students, and by 
the extensive application of computers in relevant courses. This inter- 
disciplinary knowledge base is essential for assuming leadership and manage- 
ment positions in the changing world of the Twenty-First Century. 

Management students are provided with a common body of knowledge in 
close conformity with the national standards for the study of business ad- 
ministration as recommended by the American Assembly of Collegiate 
Schools of Business. As a result, our graduates are well prepared for admit- 
tance to M.B.A. programs. 

Opportunities are available for qualified and interested students to undertake 
an independent study project or an internship in consultation with a member 
of the Department faculty. 

The major and course descriptions in Accounting are on page 63; those in 
Hotel Management are on page 93; those in International Business are on 
page 95; and those in Management are on page 96. 



44 



Faculty: 

Donald C. Boone, Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. Mr. Boone 
holds a bachelor degree in Restaurant Management and an MBA degree in 
Hotel Administration from Michigan State University. He has 18 years of 
hotel industry experience and has taught several years in Hotel Management 
programs. Mr. Boone serves as Coordinator of the Hotel Management Pro- 
gram and teaches Hotel Management, Management and Accounting. 

Sharon F. Clark, Associate Professor of Management and Department 
Chairperson. Dr. Clark holds a bachelor degree and a juris doctorate degree 
from the University of Richmond. She has several years experience in 
private law practice and several years as a Supervisory Tax Attorney with 
the Internal Revenue Service. Dr. Clark teaches corporate income tax and a 
variety of management courses including Personnel Management, Business 
Law, Labor and Industrial Relations, and Hotel Law. 

Robert W. Leonard, Assistant Professor of Management. Mr. Leonard 
holds a master's degree in Business Administration from Ohio State Univer- 
sity, a masters degree in Industrial Relations from St. Francis Graduate 
School of Industrial Relations, and a bachelor's degree in Psychology with a 
minor in Business Administration from Ohio University. Mr. Leonard 
teaches Managerial Finance, Principles of Management, Productions Opera- 
tions Management, Organizational Behavior and Development, and Labor 
and Industrial Relations. 

Fred Maidment, Associate Professor of Management. Dr. Maidment holds 
an Ed.D. in Higher Education in Business from the University of South 
Carolina, an MBA degree from the Bernard M. Baruch College of the City 
University of New York and a bachelor's degree in Business from New 
York University. Dr. Maidment teaches courses in Marketing, Consumer 
Behavior, Business Policy, Principles of Management, Marketing Research, 
and International Business Management. 

Gail Sanderson, Assistant Professor of Management. Ms. Sanderson has a 
bachelor's degree from Hobart & William Smith Colleges, and an MBA 
degree (with honors) from Boston University; CPA. Ms. Sanderson has pro- 
fessional experience in accounting (public and private sectors); income tax; 
computer systems analysis and design. 

Barbara S. Wirth, Assistant Professor of Accounting. Ms. Wirth holds an 
MBA degree and a bachelor's degree in Economics from Lehigh University; 
CPA. Ms. Wirth has worked in the public sector as a CPA for six years. 
Ms. Wirth teaches Auditing, Governmental and Non-Pro fit Accounting, Prin- 
ciples of Accounting, and Managerial Accounting. 



45 



Robert W. Biddle, Jr., Adjunct Assistant Professor of Hotel Management, 
Ed.M., Pennsylvania State University. Mr. Biddle is Culinary Arts Instructor 
at Milton Hershey School. 

David L. Broderic, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Health Care Manage- 
ment, M.B.A., University of Chicago. Mr. Broderic is President of Good 
Samaritan Hospital and specializes in teaching health care management. 

Nelson L. Ebersole, Lecturer in Real Estate. Mr. Ebersole is a broker with 
Suburban Realty Company and past president of the Lebanon County Board 
of Realtors. He specializes in real estate education. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management, M.B.A., 
Columbia University. Mr. Eshleman is a manager for New Product Develop- 
ment at Hershey Foods. His teaching interests include marketing, marketing 
research and management. 

V. Carl Gacono, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Real Estate, B.S., Sus- 
quehanna University. Mr. Gacono is a broker with Prudential Gacono Real 
Estate and past president of the Lebanon County Board of Realtors. He 
specializes in real estate education. 

Department Of Mathematical Sciences 

The Lebanon Valley College Department of Mathematical Sciences has long 
offered a rigorous mathematics program within the context of a liberal arts 
education. Today an increasing national need for mathematically prepared in- 
dividuals has made our program even more attractive. Computer scientists, 
secondary school mathematics and computer science teachers, college pro- 
fessors in mathematical sciences, actuaries, operations research analysts, and 
statisticians are in high and continuing demand. In addition, the mental 
discipline and problem solving abilities developed in the study of 
mathematics have long been recognized as excellent preparation for 
numerous and varied areas of work or study. 

The department offers majors in actuarial science, computer science, com- 
puter information systems, and in mathematics, and minors in computer 
science and in mathematics. 

Five students from this department have earned Fulbright Scholarships in re- 
cent years for graduate study abroad. Departmental graduates have earned 
Ph.D. degrees in physics and computer science as well as mathematics. 
Other graduates have completed law school. Many graduates are Fellows of 
the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society. Regularly, more 
than a quarter of the Lebanon Valley students named to the Who's Who in 
American Colleges and Universities will be students from this department. 

46 



Actuarial Science 

The actuarial profession defines an actuary as "a business professional who 
uses mathematical skills to define, analyze and solve financial and social 
problems." Actuaries are employed by insurance companies, consulting 
firms, large corporations, and the federal and state governments. The Society 
of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society establish and monitor the 
professional qualifications of actuaries through a series of rigorous examina- 
tions. In recent years, the demand for actuaries has far exceeded the supply 
and indications are that the situation will continue. 

The Lebanon Valley College Actuarial Science program is coordinated by 
Professor Hearsey, an Associate of the Society of Actuaries. The program 
consists of coursework selected to provide a solid foundation in mathematics 
and to prepare students for courses 100-150 of the Society of Actuaries 
syllabus and Parts 1-4 of the Casualty Actuarial Society syllabus. A student 
may prepare for additional examinations through independent study. The 
Actuarial Science program at Lebanon Valley College was established in the 
mid 1960's and now boasts over 60 alumni in the actuarial profession. 
Lebanon Valley College is one of the few small liberal arts colleges east of 
the Mississippi River offering an actuarial science major. This program has a 
record of 100% placement of graduates and most students are able to find 
summer employment in the actuarial field during their sophomore and junior 
summers. 

Computer Science 

Although it has been over 40 years since the development of the first elec- 
tronic computer, Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper said at the 1987 
Lebanon Valley College graduation exercises that "we are still in the Model 
T or DC-3 age so far as computers are concerned." All of us will be work- 
ing in a computer environment and must be able to use computers to assist 
us rather than have computers control us. The United States is the world 
leader in most phases of the computer industry, from the silicon chip to 
operating systems and other software and applications. 

The department's approach to computer science is to broaden the program by 
supporting it with a strong theoretical perspective, and by embedding it in 
the values of liberal education. The program is also designed to appropriately 
reflect the rapidly changing technology and applications in the computer 
field. Therefore, courses and equipment are constantly modified to optimize 
the student's computer education and experience. New facilities with the 



47 



latest technology, planned for 1990, and an innovative major program will 
provide the students with unique opportunities to tailor their studies to their 
individual knowledge and interests. 

The computer equipment ranges from representatives of all major microcom- 
puters to a DEC VAX system, all connected by networks. All major 
operating systems and languages are available and immediately accessible for 
course work or independent study. 

Mathematics 

The recent identification by a graduate student of an error in Sir Isaac 
Newton's work and the recent development of a revised linear programming 
algorithm are but two examples that clearly demonstrate that mathematics is 
alive and vibrant. National concerns have been expressed conceming 
mathematics education in elementary schools and the decrease in graduate 
studies in mathematics. Management schools continually are increasing the 
quantitative component in their curriculum, and business and industry con- 
tinually are looking for mathematically trained individuals. The demand for 
teachers is well publicized. A bright and rewarding future awaits one choos- 
ing mathematics as a field. 

The program gives the student a broad selection of courses, theoretical and 
applied, from which to choose after completing the core program. Students 
may choose preparation for graduate programs, business and industrial 
preparation, preparation for secondary school teaching, or such concentra- 
tions as statistics or operations research. Students often combine mathematics 
with another major or minor. 

The major and courses in actuarial science are on page 65. Those in com- 
puter science and computer information systems are on page 73. Those in 
mathematics are on page 99. 

Faculty: 

Michael D. Fry, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ph.D., 
University of Illinois. An avid student of computer science, he is interested 
in operating systems and in networking, computer interfacing and peripheral 
equipment. He teaches a broad range of computer science courses, upper 
level algebra and geometry and other mathematics courses. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Director, Actuarial 
Science Program. Ph.D., Washington State University. An Associate of the 
Society of Actuaries, he has many contacts within the actuarial profession. 
Dr. Hearsey is interested in approaches to providing mathematics education 



48 



to the liberal arts student not majoring in mathematical sciences, and teacher 
education as well as actuarial science. He teaches upper level actuarial 
science courses and a broad range of mathematics courses. 

Joerg W. P. Mayer, Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ph.D., University 
of Giessen. He has extensive experience in undergraduate and graduate 
teaching, and in government and industrial consulting. His publications range 
from mathematical research to educational philosophy, including numerous 
reviews in mathematical and computer sciences, and two textbooks on 
Algebraic Topology and in Computer Assembly Language. His teaching in- 
terests lie in advanced mathematics and basic computer science. 

Horace W. Tousley, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Chair- 
man. M.S. I.E. (OR), University of Alabama. A career military logistician 
and operations research practitioner. Interested in mathematical modeling, 
quantitative methods, and applications. Teaches operations research, selected 
upper division courses, and a broad range of other courses. 

Mark A. Townsend, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ed.D., 
Oklahoma State University. His academic interests include numerical analysis 
and teaching methods and classroom innovation. Teaches a variety of 
mathematics courses, and a selection of computer science courses. 

Deborah R. Fullam, Lecturer in Computer Science. Assistant to the Presi- 
dent for Budget and Planning, M.B.A., Philadelphia College of Textiles and 
Science. Interested in computer applications for business and management. 
She teaches COBOL and Basic Languages. 

James S. Hume, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, 
M.S., Virginia State College. Mr. Hume is a financial consultant with 
Merrill Lynch. His teaching specialty is applied mathematics. 

Edward Peters, Adjunct Instructor in Computer Science, B.A., Lehigh 
University. Manager Data Administration, Hershey Chocolate Corporation. 
He teaches Data Base Management. 

Military Science Program 

The Military Science Program adds another dimension to a Lebanon Valley 
College liberal arts education by offering courses that develop a student's 
ability to organize, motivate, and lead others. 

Participation in military science courses during the freshman and sophomore 
years results in no military obligation. Courses during these years orient 
students on the various roles of Army officers. Specifically, these courses 



49 



stress self development: written and oral communication skills, leadership, 
bearing, and self-confidence. 

Individuals who elect to continue in the program during the junior and senior 
years shall receive a commission as a second lieutenant in the United States 
Army upon graduation. They shall be required to serve three months to four 
years in the active Army, depending upon the type of commission. 

Options are available for those individuals who encounter scheduling con- 
flicts or who desire to begin participation after their freshman year. Contact 
the department chairperson for further information. 

Program participants may take part in various enrichment activities during 
the academic year: rappelling, rifle qualification, cross-country skiing, white- 
water rafting, leadership exercises, land navigation, orientation trips, and for- 
mal social functions. Program participants may also apply for special training 
courses during the summer: Russian language, flight orientation, airborne, 
air assault, and northern warfare schools. 

Financial Assistance: Books and equipment for military science courses and 
the ROTC program are provided free of charge to all cadets. However, all 
cadets do pay an activity fee of $15 per semester. All juniors and seniors in 
the ROTC program (Advanced Course) and scholarship cadets are paid a 
tax-free subsistence allowance of $100 per month and receive certain other 
benefits. 

Scholarships: Army ROTC scholarships based on merit are available. Re- 
cipients receive full tuition, academic fees, a semester allowance for books 
and supplies, and a $100 per month subsistence allowance. Cadets and other 
Lebanon Valley students may compete for three-year (starts in sophomore 
year) and for two-year (starts in junior year) scholarships. Recipients agree 
to a service obligation. Scholarships are also available for students entering 
medical school or pursuing graduate studies in the basic health sciences. 
Selected ROTC graduates also are eligible for scholarships to pursue graduate 
studies in other academic disciplines. For additional information, contact the 
department chairperson. 

Corresponding Studies Program: Students participating in an off-campus 
study program in the United States or abroad may continue participation in 
either the Army ROTC Basic Course or Advanced Course and receive the 
same course credit and benefits as a student enrolled in the on-campus pro- 
gram. Scholarship students also are eligible to participate in this program. 

Advanced Leadership Practicum: The practicum consists of a six-week 
summer training program at an Army installation that stresses the application 



50 



of military skills to rapidly changing situations. Participants are evaluated on 
their ability to make sound decisions, to direct group efforts toward the ac- 
complishment of common goals and to meet the mental and physical chal- 
lenges presented to them. Completion of this practicum is required prior to 
commissioning and it normally is attended between the junior and senior 
years. Participants receive room, board, travel expenses, medical care, and 
pay. 

The requirements and course descriptions in Military Science are on 
page 102. 

Faculty: 

Michael A. DiGennaro, Instructor in Military Science. B.S., United States 
Military Academy, West Point. Captain, U.S. Army, Aviation. Instructs 
third year Military Science and Tactics. His assignments include command 
and staff positions in Attack Helicopter, Air Cavalry, and Infantry units. 

Nelson M. Martin, Instructor in Military Science. M.B.A., University of 
Arizona. Major, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. His assignments include com- 
pany command and staff positions at battalion, division, and Headquarters 
U.S. Army Europe. 

David W. Wilgus, Professor of Military Science. M.A., Webster University. 
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Aviation. Assignments include staff posi- 
tions at various levels with emphasis in Transportation Management. 
Academic directions have been in the Management Field. 

Department Of Music 

Students in the Department of Music may major in one of five areas: music, 
music performance, sacred music, sound recording technology or music 
education. Each student, regardless of major, is required to take a core of 
courses in theory and music history. Each student also completes additional 
course work particular to his/her area of interest. 

Attendance at some faculty and student recitals is compulsory. All students 
in the department are required to take private instruction on campus in their 
principal performance medium. Students whose major applied instrument is 
organ are required also to study piano, continuing until they have attained a 
level of proficiency satisfactory to the organ faculty. 

Students registered for private instruction in the music department are not 
permitted to study in that instructional area on a private basis with another 
instructor, on or off campus, at the same time. 



51 



Participation in music organizations may be required of all majors. 

The music major (B.A.) is designed for those students desiring a liberal arts 
context in their preparation for a career in applied music. All majors are re- 
quired to take an hour lesson per week in their principal performance medium 
and expected to perform a half recital in the junior year and a full recital in 
the senior year. 

The music performance major (B.M.) is designed for those students desir- 
ing a maximum concentration in music courses in preparation for a career as 
a performing musician. All majors are required to take a weekly one hour 
lesson in the principal performance medium; they are also required to per- 
form a half recital in the junior year and a full recital in the senior year. 
Majors whose performance medium is a band or orchestral instrument are re- 
quired to study voice and piano as well. 

The sacred music major (B.M.) prepares students for careers as directors of 
church music, ministers of music, or college teachers. The program is open 
to those individuals whose interests are voice or organ. All majors are re- 
quired to acquire sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as a qualified 
parish church musician. Majors whose principal performance medium is 
organ are required to study piano and voice for at least two years. One of 
the years of voice study may be a class experience. Majors whose principal 
performance medium is voice are expected to show sufficient keyboard profi- 
ciency upon admission to the program so that after two additional years of 
piano study (normally by the end of the sophomore year) they may benefit 
from a year of organ study. 

The sound recording technology major (B.M.) is designed for students 
who wish to gain the theoretical and practical knowledge necessary for 
careers with responsibility for recording technology in the fields of radio and 
television, film, and audio production. 

The music education major (B.S.), approved by the Pennsylvania Depart- 
ment of Education and the National Association of Schools of Music, is 
designed for the preparation of public school music teachers, kindergarten 
through twelfth grades, instrumental and vocal. The music education cur- 
riculum requires voice instruction (class or private) for a minimum of one 
year and piano instruction (class or private) for a minimum of two years. A 
competency jury must be passed in each area. Students participate in student 
teaching in area elementary and secondary schools. In all field experiences 
as well as the student teaching semester, each student is responsible for 
transportation arrangements. 



52 



For the majors in music, music education and sacred music, the minor in 
music, and course descriptions in music, see page 103. for the major in 
sound recording technology, see page 129. 

Faculty: 

George D. Curfman, Professor of Music Education, Interim Chairman. 
Ed.D., Pennsylvania State University. He teaches music education methods 
courses and coordinates music student teaching. He serves as a consultant/ 
clinician for the Pennsylvania Music Educators Association and advises the 
campus Pennsylvania Collegiate Music Education Association. 

Scott H. Eggert, Assistant Professor of Music. D.M.A., University of 
Kansas. He teaches theoretical subjects, composition, class and applied piano. 
He is active as a composer, having premiered major works on the campus. 

William H. Fairlamb, Professor of Music. B.Mus., Philadelphia Conser- 
vatory. Artist Diploma, Philadelphia Musical Academy. He teaches applied 
piano as well as courses in music history, aesthetics and piano literature. He 
has performed numerous recitals on campus as well as serving as accom- 
panist for various soloists and in chamber ensembles. 

Pierce A. Getz, Professor of Music. D.M.A., Eastman School of Music. 
He teaches applied organ and related subjects in history and literature of the 
instrument, choral conducting, hymnology and sacred choral literature. He 
conducts the Concert Choir and College Chorus. He is active as a recitalist, 
organ consultant to churches, guest conductor, and is the Director of Music 
at Market Square Presbyterian Church, Harrisburg. He serves as advisor to 
the Guild Student Chapter of the American Guild of Organists. 

Klement M. Hambourg, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., University 
of Oregon. He teaches applied violin and viola and courses in string 
methodology, coaches chamber ensembles and is the conductor of the 
College-Community Orchestra. He performs frequently in solo recitals and is 
a member of the Reading Symphony, and guest conducts at the Allegheny 
Summer Festival of Music. 

Robert H. Hearson, Assistant Professor of Music. Ed.D., University of 
Illinois. A low brass specialist, he teaches courses in instrumental music 
education and brass pedagogy, and supervises music student teaching ac- 
tivities. He is founder/director of the LVC Summer Music Camp and host 
conductor/coordinator of the LVC Honors Band. He maintains a special in- 
terest in brass ensemble music, and is active as a performer, clinician, ad- 
judicator, and guest conductor. 



53 



Michael R. Kohler, Instructor of Music and Admissions Counsellor. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College. M.M., Bowling Green State University. Mr. 
Kohler teaches voice and has served in three operatic apprenticeships with 
the Michigan Opera, Sarasota Opera and the Chautauqua Opera. He has 
appeared in a number of musicals and operas. 

Philip G. Morgan, Assistant Professor of Voice. M.S., Pittsburg State 
University. He teaches applied voice with specialization in vocal technique, 
vocal pedagogy and vocal literature. He performs frequently in solo recitals, 
oratorios, chamber recitals in the United States and Europe. He serves as 
vocal advisor for Hershey Entertainment. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, Instructor of Music and Director of Special Music 
Programs. M.M., Westminster Choir College. She teaches applied organ and 
piano, sacred music courses, and theory classes for the Community Music 
Institute. She performs frequently in solo organ and harpsichord recitals. She 
is director of music at Grace Lutheran Church, Lancaster. 

C. Robert Rose, Associate Professor of Music. D.M., Indiana University. 
He teaches applied clarinet and courses in music theory, literature, orchestra- 
tion, and woodwind methods. He conducts the Symphonic Band and main- 
tains an active schedule as clarinetist in solo and chamber music recitals and 
as an instrumental conductor. 

Dennis W. Sweigart, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., University of 
Iowa. He teaches applied piano and courses in keyboard harmony, form and 
analysis and piano pedagogy. He regularly performs as a soloist and as an 
accompanist. He serves as the faculty advisor to Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the 
men's music fraternity. 

Teresa R. Bowers, Adjunct Instructor in Music. M.M., Ohio State Univer- 
sity. She teaches applied flute, double reeds, flute pedagogy and chamber 
music. She also conducts the flute ensemble. She is a member of Duo 
Francais Flute-Harp Duo, and frequently appears as a recitalist and clinician. 

Erwin P. Chandler, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. M.M., Indiana 
University. He teaches applied horn and is active as a composer/arranger and 
conductor. 

James A. Erdman, II, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Retired solo trombonist 
"The President's Own" United States Marine Band, Washington, D.C. He 
teaches low brass instruments and is founder and director of the LVC Low 
Brass Ensemble. He is active as a performer on the trombone and appears 
nationally as a soloist and clinician. 



54 



Timothy M. Erdman, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Formerly trumpet 
soloist "The President's Own" The United States Marine Band, 
Washington, D.C.; principal trumpet, Harrisburg and Reading Symphonies. 
Presently, member. Classic Brass Quintet, and instructor of applied trumpet. 

Wesley Fisher, Adjunct Instructor of Music. His teaching specialty is 
string bass. 

Robert C. Lau, Adjunct Professor of Music. Ph.D., The Catholic University 
of America. He teaches courses in music history. In addition to performing, 
he regularly appears as a conductor/ adjudicator of instrumental and choral 
festivals. He is published in areas of sacred choral and organ literature, and 
serves as Organist/Choirmaster at Mt. Calvary Episcopal Church, Camp Hill. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, Adjunct Associate Professor in Music. M.F.A., Ohio 
University. She teaches applied piano and performs extensively as a soloist, 
accompanist and chamber music performer. She serves as the faculty advisor 
for Sigma Alpha Iota, the women's music fraternity. 

Lawrence Oncley, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Ph.D., Indiana University. 
He teaches applied cello and performs with the Reading Symphony and the 
Susquehanna String Quartet. 

David S. Stafford, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs College of 
Music. He teaches applied guitar. He maintains a private guitar studio and is 
active as a performer in the area. 

WiUiam F. Stine, Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology. B.S., Music 
Education, Lebanon Valley College, 1969, M.A., West Chester University, 
1975. Mr. Stine's teaching specialty is Sound Recording Technology. He has 
spent a number of years in International Business and in audiovisual 
marketing. 

Thomas M. Strohman, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College. He directs the college jazz band and teaches jazz improvisation. A 
founding member of the jazz ensemble "Third Stream," he has recorded for 
Columbia Artists. He maintains an active career performing as well as 
teaching in the Central Pennsylvania area. 

John J. Uhl, Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology, Director of the 
Sound Recording Technology Program. B.S., Lebanon Valley College. Pro- 
fessional Certificate, Institute of Audio Research. His teaching interest is 
sound recording technology. 



55 



Department Of Physical Education 

Although the College does not offer a major in physical education, two 
courses are required for graduation. The program encourages attitudes and 
habits of good health, while developing physical capacities and skills that 
will enrich life. 

Course descriptions in physical education are on page 112. 

Faculty: 

O. Kent Reed, Associate Professor of Physical Education. Chairperson. 
M.A. in Ed. Eastern Kentucky University. He instructs the fitness and 
weight training classes and utilizes body fat percentages, pulse rate and 
recovery, strength testing devices and workout charts. He also instructs team 
activities such as softball and volleyball. Responsibilities in the athletic 
department are track and field and cross country. 

Department Of Physics 

The program in physics is designed to develop an understanding of the fun- 
damental laws of physical science dealing with motion, forces, energy, heat, 
sound, light, electromagnetism, electronics, atomic and nuclear structure, and 
the properties of matter. Physics gives an appreciation of the extent and 
limitations of a mathematical description of the physical world. 

Students major in physics as a preparation for professional careers in 
physics, engineering, secondary teaching, and careers for which a physical 
science background is useful. 

The facilities of the Physics Department are located on the fourth floor of 
the Garber Science Center. In addition to the introductory physics laboratory, 
the department maintains an x-ray laboratory, optics laboratory, atomic 
laboratory, electronics laboratory, and nuclear laboratory. The department 
also houses a reading room, student shop, and darkroom. 

Students majoring in physics take advantage of close contact with faculty, 
work as a lab assistant, pursue independent study or research, and participate 
in the local chapter of the Society of Physics Students. 

Engineering (Cooperative) 

In the cooperative "3-1-2" engineering program a student earns a B.S. 
degree from Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields 
of engineering from another institution. Lebanon Valley College has 



56 



cooperative agreements with Case Western Reserve University, University of 
Pennsylvania, and Widener University. Students who pursue this cooperative 
engineering program take three years of work at Lebanon Valley College and 
then usually take two additional years of work in engineering. 

Faculty: 

Michael A. Day, Associate Professor of Physics. Ph.D., University of 
Nebraska. He has two doctorates: one in physics, one in philosophy, and 
publishes in both areas. His interests are theoretical physics (specializing in 
anharmonic solids) and philosophy of science. Director of the College 
Honors Program. 

Barry L. Hurst, Associate Professor of Physics. Chairperson. Ph.D., 
University of Delaware. His background in sputtering involves investigating 
the material ejected from ion bombarded surfaces using the technique of 
secondary ion mass spectrometry. Other interests include electronics and 
experimental design. 

J. Robert O'Donnell, Professor Emeritus of Physics. M.S., University of 
Delaware. He is interested in the physics of music, including the acoustical 
properties of the guitar. 

Jacob L. Rhodes, Professor Emeritus of Physics. Ph.D., University of 
Pennsylvania. His background is nuclear physics with interests in the rela- 
tionship of physics and society. 

Department of Political Science and Economics 

The department consists of two independent disciplines, political science and 
economics, which have separate majors and curricula. 

Political scientists study government and politics with a particular interest in 
the political behavior of individuals, groups, and institutions. Many pre-law 
students major in this discipline (see page 117 for offerings in the pre-law 
program). Other majors have gone on to graduate school or careers in 
politics. 

Economists study the factors which explain the behavior of the economic 
system and economic factors in that system. Graduates in one of the two 
economics majors may go on to graduate school or to jobs in the private 
sector or government. 

Both disciplines emphasize an understanding of the public policy process. 
They are designed to provide a sound knowledge of essential principles and 
problems within a broad liberal arts education. 



57 



For the major and minor requirements and course offerings in political 
science, see page 115. For those in economics, see page 75. 

Faculty: 

D. Eugene Brown, Professor of Political Science. Ph.D., State University 
of New York at Binghamton. He teaches principally in the area of interna- 
tional studies, including courses in United States foreign policy, international 
relations, comparative politics, and modem communism. 

Jeanne C. Hey, Assistant Professor of Economics. Ph.D., Lehigh Univer- 
sity. Ms. Key's specialty areas are in economics theory, money and bank- 
ing, corporate and personal finance, and health economics. Her professional 
affiliations include the American Economic Association, the American 
Finance Association, and the Association for Evolutionary Economics. 

Edward H. Krebs, Assistant Professor of Economics. M.B.A., Michigan 
State University. He previously served as an Economic Assistant to the 
Secretary of Agriculture and as a private consultant. His interests are in 
environmental and resource economics. 

John D. Norton, Professor of Political Science. Ph.D., American University. 
He teaches courses in American government, constitutional law, political 
theory, and research methods. He is the pre-law advisor for the College. His 
professional and research interests are in the areas of American constitu- 
tionalism. United States defense and security policy, and political economy. 

Francis T. Deyo, Lecturer in Political Science. M.P.A., The Pennsylvania 
State University. His teaching specialty is public administration. 

Department Of Psychology 

It is the human psyche which permits and defines human endeavors. All 
people have similar sensory and perceptual processes, motivations, emotions, 
personality traits, and developmental sequences. These factors, the major 
explanatory constructs in psychology, form the structure which defines a 
human and at the same time makes an individual unique from others. The 
study of psychology is, thus, the study of how you are the same as other 
people as well as how you are different. Psychology focuses on your 
behavior, as opposed to mental events, to make its explanations objective 
and scientific. 

The goal of psychology is, thus, the scientific explanation of behavior. The 
objective is advanced in diverse ways: from laboratory experiments on animal 
behavior at one extreme to clinical settings having therapeutic goals at the 



58 



other. This diversity makes psychology integral to business, education, and 
medicine, and makes it the focus of any liberal arts education. 

The undergraduate major in psychology at Lebanon Valley College is well 
rounded. It includes elements of a general education in psychology as well 
as elements more specially tailored to each student's specific career training. 
Some students completing the major have gone on to prestigious graduate 
schools while others have utilized their undergraduate training to take jobs in 
their specialty areas immediately after graduation. The departmental degree 
requirements are sensitive to this career diversity. 

The general education in psychology, required of all psychology majors, in- 
cludes course work in The Individual and Society (Psy 100), Experimental 
Psychology (Psy 120), Advanced General Psychology (Psy 200), Psychologi- 
cal Statistics (Psy 216), Learning and Memory (Psy 236), Personality (Psy 
343), and the History of Psychology (Psy 443). These courses provide a 
firm foundation for specialization in any of the content ares of psychology. 

The student majoring in psychology is also required to specialize in one of 
psychology's five content areas: (1) clinical, counseling and school psycho- 
logy; (2) experimental psychology; (3) developmental psychology; (4) indus- 
trial/organizational psychology; or (5) social psychology. The three required 
courses in an area of specialization are intended to link the liberal arts to 
specific career goals. 

In addition to these general and specialized courses, all psychology majors 
are encouraged to participate in the educational process beyond the classroom 
through individual studies, laboratory research, and internships. The depart- 
ment is committed to providing opportunities for work experiences as a com- 
ponent of the psychology major. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in psychology are on page 118. 
The major and course descriptions in psychobiology, jointly offered with the 
Biology Department, are on page 117. 

Faculty: 

Salvatore Cullari, Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Western 
Michigan University. His teaching interests are in clinical psychology, abnor- 
mal, personality, and social psychology. His current research is in 
schizophrenia, personality assessment and eating disorders. 

David Lasky, Professor of Psychology. Chairperson. Ph.D., Temple Univer- 
sity. Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseUng are the 
focus of his teaching interests. Current research is in organizational change 
in the public sector and patients' rights. 



59 



Jan Pederson, Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., State University of 
New York at Stony brook. Interests cover a broad area of developmental 
psychology including cognition, socialization, genetic identity and research 
methods. Current research interests are problem solving strategies in children 
and parent-child relations as they relate to internalizing values in children. 

Steven M. Specht, Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., State Univer- 
sity of New York at Binghamton. His primary teaching interests are in the 
experimental analysis of behavior, physiological psychology, and 
psychopharmacology. His current research is in physiological and 
neurochemical mechanisms associated with ingestive behavior. 

Michael Asken, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of West Virginia. His teaching interests are in sport psychology and 
health psychology. His current research interests are in sport psychology and 
the management of stress in surgery. He is in private practice as a health 
psychologist. 

D. Rodney Chamberlain, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. 
D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University. His teaching interests are in 
developmental psychology. He currently works for the Milton Hershey 
Schools. 

Jonathon R. Davis, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Psy.D., 
Rosemead School of Psychology. He is currently in private practice, and his 
teaching interests are in clinical psychology. 

Joseph Peters, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Penn- 
sylvania State University. He supervises the internship students. His research 
interests are in clinical psychology and computer applications to patient man- 
agement. He is a clinical psychologist at a veterans administration hospital. 

David Rogers, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Rosemead 
School of Psychology. His teaching interests are in child and adolescent 
psychology. He is a private practitioner. 

Ford Thompson, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M.A., George 
Washington University. His teaching interests are in organizational behavior. 
He is the Hospital Director of a state psychiatric hospital. 

Richard Tushup, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., 
University of Delaware. His teaching interests are in experimental 
psychology. Some of his areas of interest are human sexuality, client cogni- 
tions between therapeutic encounters, and religion's impact upon personality 
development and therapeutic process. He is currently employed at The 
Veterans Administration Medical Center. 



60 



Department Of Religion And Philosophy 

The study of religion is designed to give students insight into the meaning of 
the religious dimension of human experience. Coursework introduces 
students to various historical and contemporary expressions of the Judaeo- 
Christian heritage as well as to the diverse religious traditions of humankind. 
In general, students major in religion to ready themselves for theological 
seminary, for careers in Christian education, or to acquire the theological 
maturity which, in combination with another major, will enable them to 
function as lay ministers in their chosen profession. 

The study of philosophy directly involves the student in the process of 
sharpening critical and analytical abilities. In all classes emphasis is placed 
upon the writing of critical and analytical essays dealing with various aspects 
of philosophical thought as it pertains to the questions and issues of knowl- 
edge, human values and conduct, history, politics, religion, science, society, 
and the nature of human beings. 

The study of philosophy may prepare the student for postgraduate activities 
such as legal studies, business, or theological and seminary training. 

The major, minor, and course requirements in philosophy are on page 111. 
Those in religion are on page 122. 

Faculty: 

Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Professor of Religion and History, Director of 
American Studies Program. Ph.D., Duke University. His scholarship has 
focused on American folk religion, particularly as expressed in the Methodist 
and Roman Catholic communities. Other interests include religion and 
literature, peace studies, and mysticism. His teaching centers on the history 
of Christianity and religion in America, and he participates in the Honors 
and Leadership Studies programs. 

Voorhis C. Cantrell, Professor of Religion and Greek. Ph.D., Boston 
University. His teaching interests in Biblical literature. Near Eastern archae- 
ology, and Greek have been enhanced by on-site study and work in classical 
lands. Recent scholarly activity includes study and use of innovative peda- 
gogical methods for teaching Scripture, particularly storytelling, memoriza- 
tion, and role-playing. 

John H. Heffner, Professor of Philosophy, Chairperson. Ph.D. Boston 
University. His teaching interests include logic, philosophy of religion, 
metaphysics, and history of philosophy. He has published articles in major 
journals and contributed chapters to books in his research specialization, the 



61 



philosophy of perception. His recent interest in the philosophy of religion has 
focused on biblical literature and nineteenth century philosophical theology. 

Warren K.A. Thompson, Associate Professor of Philosophy and Leadership 
Studies. M.A., University of Texas. His teaching specialties are philosophical 
ethics and business and organizational ethics. He has a particular interest in 
the ethical implications of the Holocaust, and has recently contributed a 
chapter for an anthology devoted to philosophy and the Holocaust. 

Perry J. Troutman, Professor of Religion. Ph.D., Boston University. His 
areas of teaching specialization include world religions, religion in America, 
and the theory and practice of Christian education. He has particular interests 
in English cathedrals, and he is organizer and Chair of the American Friends 
of Durham Cathedral. 

John Abernathy Smith, Adjunct Associate Professor of Religion and 
History. Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Smith currently is 
researching the history of United Methodist higher education. 

Department Of Sociology And Social Work 

The major in sociology gives students an understanding of human behavior. 
By examining the social and cultural forces that shape our lives, students 
gain a richer understanding of themselves and contemporary social issues. 
Sociology explores how and why people behave as they do as well as the 
effects of their behavior on others. In an economy that is moving from a 
manufacturing base to a service orientation, graduates in sociology are 
prepared to work in fields where an understanding of the dynamics of human 
relationships is important. 

The social work major prepares students for beginning professional practice 
in a variety of social work settings. The major emphasizes the generalist ap- 
proach by offering a solid foundation of core courses based on social work 
theory and practice. The program also provides students the opportunity to 
focus upon areas of personal and professional interest by choosing a concen- 
tration in such areas as criminal justice, family intervention, and the aged 
and aging/death and dying. 

The major, minor, and course descriptions in Social Work are on page 125. 
Those in sociology are on page 120. 

Faculty: 

Sharon Darmofall Arnold, Associate Professor of Sociology. M.A., 
University of Akron. Among her teaching interests are sociology of the 



62 



family, intercultural communication, small groups, and medical sociology. 
Her research interests are achievement orientation of female students and the 
use of telecommunications in higher education. 

Eileen Frankland, Assistant Professor of Social Work. M.S.W., Barry 
University. Her teaching interests include direct service clinical skills, 
systems theory interventions, and treatment dynamics with a special interest 
in substance abuse. Her current area of career development is the integration 
of macro level concepts in undergraduate social work education. 

Carolyn R. Hanes, Professor of Sociology and Social Work and Leadership 
Studies. Chairperson. Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. Her areas of 
interest include family and marriage, criminology, criminal justice, mass 
media, and leadership. She is currently doing research on leadership. 

Jan Edwards, Lecturer in Social Work, M.A., Ohio University. His 
teaching interests include child abuse and juvenile delinquency. 

Robert D. Gingrich, Lecturer in Social Service, M.S., Moravian College. 
His teaching specialities include child abuse, juvenile delinquency and sexual 
abuse. 

Holly L. Preston, Lecturer in Sociology and Social Work. B.A., Ship- 
pensburg University, M.S.W., Marywood College. 

Undergraduate Degree Requirements 
and Course Descriptions 

Accounting (AC) 

The Management Department is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in accounting. 

Major: AC 151, 152, 162, 233, 251, 252, 353, 451, 455, one 3 credit hour 
accounting elective; EC 110, 120; MG 222, 330, 361, 371, 460, 485; EN 
210; CS 147 (or 170); MA 150 (or 111 or 160 or 161); MA 170 (or 270 or 
372); PH 260 (69 credits). 

Courses in Accounting 

151. Principles of Accounting I. Fundamental principles and concepts of 
accounting encompassing business transactions, the accounting cycle, and 
classified financial statements including discussion of various topics relating 
to balance sheet and income statement items. For accounting majors. Credit 
not awarded for both AC 151 and AC 161. 3 credits. 



63 



152. Principles of Accounting II. A continuation of Principles of Ac- 
counting I focusing upon accounting concepts, partnerships, and business 
transactions related to corporate liabilities, equity, and investments. Includes 
basic financial analysis. For accounting majors. Prerequisite: AC 151; or AC 
161 with minimum grade of B and permission. 3 credits. 

161. Financial Accounting. Basic concepts of accounting including ac- 
counting for business transactions, preparation and use of financial state- 
ments, and measurement of owners' equity. An introductory course for non- 
accounting majors. Credit not awarded for both AC 151 and AC 161. 3 
credits. 

162. Managerial Accounting. Cost-volume-profit relationships, cost analy- 
sis, business segment contribution, profit planning and budgeting as a basic 
for managerial decision making. Prerequisite: AC 151 or AC 161. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic En- 
vironment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a 
business management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory ex- 
ercises the student learns commonly used business applications. Topics 
covered include word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database manage- 
ment, business graphics, decision support systems, and integrated accounting 
packages. Prerequisite: AC 151 or 161, EC 110 or 120, or permission. 
3 credits. 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced course in accounting prin- 
ciples stressing the environment and the conceptual framework of financial 
accounting, statement presentation, revenue recognition, and valuation 
problems in accounting for assets. Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. An analysis of financial statements, ef- 
fects of errors and changes on statements, preparation of funds flow state- 
ment, and valuation problems in accounting for leases and pensions and 
stockholders' equity. Prerequisite: AC 251. 3 credits. 

351. Advanced Accounting. Study of theory and standards with applica- 
tion to such special topics as income presentation, interim reporting, and per- 
share disclosures. Emphasis on business combinations and consolidated 
financial presentations. Prerequisite: AC 252. 3 credits. 

352. Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting. Basic concepts of fund 
and budgetary accounting used for financial activities of governmental units 
and other not-for-profit organizations. Prerequisite: AC 152. 3 credits. 



64 



353. Cost Accounting. The accumulation and recording of the costs 
associated with the manufacturing operation including job-order, process and 
standard cost systems, and joint and by-product costing. Prerequisite: AC 
152. 3 credits. 

451. Individual Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as 
applied to individuals; case problems, preparation of returns. Prerequisite: 
AC 152 or 161. 3 credits. 

452. Corporate Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as 
applied to corporations, partnerships and fiduciaries; case problems, prepara- 
tion of returns. Prerequisite: AC 451. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. A study of the process of evaluation of internal controls 
and interpretation of financial information to permit an auditor to express a 
professional opinion on financial reports. Prerequisite: AC 252. 3 credits. 

Actuarial Science (AS) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 46. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in actuarial science. 

Major: AS 385,481,482; CS 147; MA 111,112,202,211,222,335,371,372, 
463,471; EC 110,120; AC 161,162. (58 credits) The examination for course 
100 of the Society of Actuaries, Casualty Actuarial Society must be passed 
by the fall of the senior year. 

Courses in Actuarial Science 

385. The Theory of Interest. Measurement of interest, the time value of 
money, annuities, amortization and sinking funds, bonds and related 
securities, depreciation and capitalized cost. Prerequisite: MA 211. 3 credits. 

481,482. Actuarial Mathematics I and II. Survival distribufions and life 
tables; life insurance; life annuities; net premiums; premium reserves; multi- 
ple life functions; multiple decrement models; valuation theory for pension 
plans; the expense factor; and nonforfeiture benefits and dividends. Prere- 
quisite: AS 385 and MA 372. 3 credits per semester. 

American Studies (AM) 

The interdisciplinary program in AM is coordinated by the History Depart- 
ment which is described on page 43. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts Degree with a major in American Studies. 



65 



Major: AM 111, 211, 311, 313, 485; AR 205 or MU 200; EN 221, 222; 
GO 211; HI 261, 262, 311, 312; PH 240 or RE 120 (39 credits). 

Courses in American Studies 

111. Introduction to American Studies. An interdisciplinary approach to 
the study of America's heritage and the distinguishing features of the 
American mind and character. 3 credits. 

211. American Folklore. A study of the historical growth of American 
folklore; such genres as folk art, folk music, and folk speech; contemporary 
expressions, including regional and ethnic variations; and the dynamics of 
folk performance in socio-cultural context. 3 credits. 

311. American Science and Technology. A study of American science 
and technology and their interrelations with economic, cultural, political and 
intellectual developments. Prerequisite: Any laboratory science course. 
3 credits. 

313. Applied American Studies. An introduction to non-teaching careers 
in American Studies. Students examine the basics of archival management, 
museum curatorship, editing, oral history and specialized work in govern- 
ment, corporation, historical societies, libraries, preservation agencies, 
research agencies, foundations, higher education. 3 credits. 

485. American Studies Seminar. A capstone course organized around a 
major theme or issue in the American experience. Themes and issues vary 
from year to year as the seminar rotates among faculty in several academic 
departments. Students are able to integrate their educational experience and 
implement further the interdisciplinary methodology in an holistic approach 
to a topic or subject. 3 credits. 

Art (AR) 

The Art Department is described on page 32. 

Minor: AR 110,140,201,203, 1 elective course in art (15 credits). 

Courses in Art 

110. Introduction to Art. An exploration of meaning in the visual arts. 
The subject is approached through discussions of perception, the aesthetic 
experience, and form/content analyses of painting, sculpture, and architec- 
ture. 3 credits. 



66 



140. Drawing and Painting. An introduction to the materials and pro- 
cesses of drawing and painting. Spatial perception, composition, light and 
dark as well as color relationships are major areas of study. 3 credits 

201. Art History I. Prehistoric through Medieval Art. A survey of paint- 
ing, sculpture and architecture beginning with prehistoric sites in Europe and 
the Near East, followed by studies of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, 
Rome and Europe in the Middle Ages. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II. Renaissance to Twentieth Century. A survey of in- 
dividual masters and their major schools, the course covers the period from 
the close of the medieval era to the modem day and includes stylistic 
analyses and historical contexts for painting, sculpture, and architecture of 
each period. 3 credits. 

205. American Art History. An examination of the architecture, painting, 
sculpture, and the decorative arts from the colonial period to the present day 
with emphasis on the Twentieth Century. 3 credits. 

401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction to creative art activity 
for children in elementary school. Topics covered include philosophical con- 
cepts, curriculum, evaluation and studio activity involving a variety of art 
media, techniques, and processes. 3 credits. 

Biochemistry (BC) 

The program in biochemistry is offered jointly by the Biology Department, 
described on page 33 and the Chemistry Department, described on page 36. 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program that provides an 
opportunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the 
chemical basis of biological processes. It is designed to prepare students for 
advanced study in medical, dental, and other professional schools, for gradu- 
ate programs in a variety of subjects including biochemistry, clinical 
chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, and 
physiology, and for research positions in industrial, academic, and govern- 
ment laboratories. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biochemistry. 

Major: BI 111, 112, 201; CH 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216; BC 
401, 421, 422, 430, 499; MA 161; PHY 103, 104 or 111, 112 (51 credits); 
9 credits from BI 305, 306, 307, 322, 323, 404 and CH 305, 306, 307, 
308, 311. 



67 



Courses in Biochemistry 

401. Molecular Biology. Gene structure, function and regulation at the 
molecular level in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Recombinant DNA 
techniques (genetic engineering) and gene sequencing are covered in detail. 
Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry and BI 201 or permission of the 
instructor. 4 credits. 

421,422. Biochemistry I,II. The study of the chemistry of proteins, lipids, 
and carbohydrates. Topics covered include amino acid chemistry, protein 
structure, molecular weight determination, ligand binding, enzyme kinetics, 
enzyme and coenzyme mechanisms, membrane systems, membrane transport, 
intermediary metabolism, metabolic control, electron transport, and oxidative 
phosphorylation. Prerequisites: CH 214, 216 and 312 or permission. 3 
credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of pro- 
teins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CH 214, 216. 
1 credit. 

499. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on special 
topics in biochemistry. 1 credit. 

Biology (BI) 

The Biology Department is described on page 33. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biology. 

Major: BI 100,111,112,201,302 or 307,499; one course each in the general 
areas of physiology, cellular and subcellular biology, and morphology; and 4 
additional hours of biology (34 credits). CH 111,112,113,114,213,214, 
215,216 (16 credits). PHY 103,104 or 111,112; MA 161 or 111 (61-63 
total credits). 

Courses in Biology 

BI 111 and 112 are prerequisite for all upper-level courses in biology unless 
otherwise noted. 

101. Human Biology I. The human organism is utilized as the primary 
focus to elucidate physiological principles for non-science majors. Topics in- 
clude nutrition, homeostasis, major organ systems, immunity, and exercise 
physiology. Laboratory exercises include sensory physiology, respiration, 
blood pressure, exercise physiology, and ECG. 4 credits. 



68 



102. Human Biology II. Also designed for the non-science major, this 
course emphasizes the mastery of certain biological principles as applied 
primarily to humans. Topics include reproduction, development, classical and 
molecular genetics, and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement lecture 
topics and include an examination of mitosis and meiosis, Drosophila 
genetics, population genetics, and development. 4 credits. 

111. General Biology I. A rigorous study of basic biological principles, 
which is designed for science majors. Topics emphasized include cell 
biology, genetics, taxonomy, histology, and evolution. Laboratory exercises 
include enzyme kinetics, carbohydrate analysis, isolation and identification of 
plant pigments, histological techniques, and animal taxonomy. 4 credits. 

112. General Biology II. This course, also rigorous and designed for 
science majors, covers concepts in physiology, embryology, botany and 
ecology. Laboratory exercises include shark anatomy, invertebrate dissection, 
animal development, plant development in angiosperms, and stomate 
response to environmental changes. 4 credits. 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of 
classical and molecular genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of 
genetics utilizing both classical and molecular approaches. Laboratory exer- 
cises include analysis of nucleic acids, genetic crosses, and studies of 
bacteria, bacteriophages and plasmids. Prerequisites: one year of chemistry 
or permission. 4 credits. 

221. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The comparative anatomy of 
vertebrates with emphasis on the evolutionary relationships among the 
various lines of vertebrates. Intensive laboratory work involves dissections 
and demonstrations of representative vertebrates. 4 credits. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development and diversity of 
plants and the relationships between them. Field and laboratory work will 
familiarize the student with the structure of plants and with the identification 
of flowering plants in the local flora. Prerequisite: Biology 112 or permis- 
sion. 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic descriptive phenomena in 
the development of typical invertebrate and vertebrate embryos, with a con- 
sideration of modem embryological problems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. A study of the micro- 
scopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues, with illustrations of basic tissue 
similarities and specialization in relation to function. The laboratory work in- 
cludes the preparation of slides utilizing routine histological and histo- 
chemical techniques. 4 credits. 



69 



306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology, and bio- 
chemistry of representative microorganisms. The laboratory emphasizes basic 
bacteriological techniques and procedures. Prerequisite: three semesters of 
chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with emphasis 
on vascular plants. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 

4 credits. 

312. Fundamentals of Ecology. An examination of the basic concepts of 
ecology with extensive laboratory work and field experiences in freshwater, 
marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisites: BI 112 or permission. 
4 credits. 

322. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles of vertebrate body 
function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which cells and organs per- 
form their functions and the interactions of the various organs in maintaining 
total body function. Prerequisites: BI 101 or 112 and one semester of 
chemistry, or permission. 4 credits. 

323. Introduction to Immunology. An introduction to the anatomical, 
physiological, and biochemical factors underlying the immune response. The 
course begins with a discussion of non-specific immunity, cellular immunity, 
and antibody-mediated immune responses. The course then moves into a 
study of contemporary immunological topics which are discussed with 
respect to major research papers in each area. Topics include auto-immunity, 
histocompatibility, immunogenetics, and acquired immune deficiencies. A 
research paper is required. Prerequisites: BI 111,112 and CH 111,113 or 
equivalent or permission. 4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. A study of most of the invertebrate phyla, 
concentrating on movement, metabolism, information and control, reproduc- 
tion and association between animals. 4 credits. 

404. Electron Microscopy. An introduction to the use of techniques for 
scanning and transmission electron microscopic studies. Through laboratory 
experience the students will learn the proper use, application, and limitations 
of the appropriate instruments. Prerequisite: BI 305 or permission of 
instructor. 4 credits. 

409. Quantitative Ecology. An intensive study of ecological processes em- 
phasizing the quantitative aspects of ecology at the population and community 
levels. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

451. Student Lab Instruction. A course designed for students seeking cer- 
tification to teach biology in secondary education. Topics include evaluation 
of laboratory experiments, demonstrations and textbooks. 1 credit. 

70 



499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library 
research on an assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the biology 
faculty and students. This course may be repeated. 1 or 2 credits. 

Chemistry (CH) 

The Chemistry Department is described on page 36. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science with a 
major in chemistry. 

Majors: (B.S. in Chemistry) CH 111,112,113,114,213,214,215,216,222, 
305,306,307,308,311,312,321,322,411; 6 Credits from CH 
421,422,491,498; 4 credits of CH 500; MA 161,162; PHY 111,112 
(63-64 credits). 

(B.S., major in chemistry) CH 111,112,113,114,213,214,215,216,222,305, 
306,307,308,311,312,321,322; MA 161,162; PHY 111,112; (50-51 credits). 

Minor: CH 111, 112, 113, 114; 12 Credits from CH 213, 214, 222, 305, 
306, 311, 312, 411, 421, 422; 3 Credits from CH 215, 216, 307, 308, 321, 
322, 430. 

Courses in Chemistry 

100. Introduction to Chemistry. An introduction to the principles of 
chemistry including mathematical tools, atomic structure, stoichiometry, 
elementary concepts of equilibrium, bonding, and organic chemistry. Intended 
for non-science majors. Laboratory experience included. 4 credits. 

109. Chemical Skills. A step-by-step approach to solving chemical prob- 
lems. Topics include the application of mathematical tools in introductory 
chemistry and techniques for finding the proper approach to solve problems. 
The course is designed to be taken concurrently with CH 111. 1 credit 

111, 112. Principles of Chemistry I,II. An introduction to chemistry for 
the science major. First semester topics include atomic and molecular struc- 
ture, chemical reactions, calculations involving chemical concentrations, gas 
laws, and bonding. Second semester covers kinetics, acids and bases, 
equilibrium, oxidation-reduction chemistry, thermodynamics, electro- 
chemistry, and nuclear chemistry. 3 credits per semester. 



71 



113, 114. Introductory Laboratory I,II. Laboratory courses to accompany 
111 and 112. Experiments cover stoichiometry, gas laws quantitative 
analysis, equilibrium, electrochemistry, chemical synthesis, and the use of 
computers for collecting data. Students are introduced to instrumentation 
including infrared, UV-visible, and atomic absorption spectrometers. 1 credit 
per semester. 

213, 214. Organic Chemistry I,II. An introduction to the principles of 
organic chemistry. The focus of the course is on the structure of organic 
molecules and how the structure of various functional groups affects their 
reactivity. The concepts of reactivity, structure and mechanism are applied to 
organic synthesis. 3 credits per semester. 

215, 216. Organic Laboratory 1,11. An introduction to the practice of 
classical organic chemistry and modem instrumental organic chemistry. The 
techniques of organic synthesis are taught along with instrumental methods 
including infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry. 
1 credit per semester. 

222. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. The application of elementary 
principles of chemistry to provide a basis for understanding the physical and 
chemical properties of the elements. Topics include periodicity, acidity or 
basicity of metal cations and oxoanions, precipitation reactions, oxidation- 
reduction chemistry, the structures of solids. 3 credits. 

305. Analytical Chemistry. Gravimetric, volumetric, and electro-chemical 
methods of chemical analysis are covered. Included are statistical methods of 
data treatment and rigorous considerations of complex chemical equilibria. 
Prerequisites: CH 112 and MA 161. 3 credits. 

306. Instrumental Analysis. Basic types of chemical instrumentation, and 
their applications in analytical chemistry are examined. These include: gas 
and liquid chromatography; infrared, UV-VIS, fluoresence, atomic absorp- 
tion, and plasma emission spectrophotometry; nuclear magnetic resonance 
and mass spectrometry; and radiochemical methods. Prerequisites: CH 112 
and MA 161. 3 credits. 

307. Quantitative Analysis Laboratory. Techniques of gravimetric, 
volumetric, and electrochemical analysis are applied to the analysis of 
unknowns. Prerequisite or corequisite: CH 305. 1 credit. 

308. Instrumental Analysis Laboratory. Chemical instrumentation is 
utilized in analytical method development and analysis. Prerequisite or 
corequisite: CH 306. 1 credit. 



72 



311. Physical Chemistry I. The study of thermodynamic laws and func- 
tions, including phase and reaction equilibria. Systems under study include 
ideal and real gases, ideal and non-ideal solutions, and multi-component 
phase transitions. 3 credits. 

312. Physical Chemistry II. The study of chemical systems from a 
molecular perspective. Basic concepts of quantum chemistry and statistical 
theory applied to atomic and molecular structure. Also included are electro- 
chemistry, kinetics, and transport processes. 3 credits. 

321, 322. Physical Laboratory I,II. Application of chemical instrumenta- 
tion to a study of the principles of physical chemistry. Experimental work 
involves calorimetry, refractometry, conductivity, viscometry, and atomic 
absorption, FTIR, UV-VIS, and NMR spectroscopy applied to the study of 
phase and reaction equilibria, kinetics, and atomic and molecular structure. 
1 credit per semester. 

411. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. A study of bonding theories, 
molecular structure, spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms with special 
emphasis on transition metal complexes. Prerequisite: CH 312. 3 credits per 
semester. 

451. Methods of Teaching Chemistry. A course designed for students 
seeking certification to teach chemistry in secondary education. Topics 
include valuation of laboratory experiments, demonstrations, textbooks, and 
computer software. 3 credits. 

Communications 

See English, page 80. 

Computer Science (CS) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 46. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer information 
systems; Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer science. 

Major: (Computer Information Systems) CS 147,243,244,248,345,342 or 
346; one CS course numbered above 400 or 6 hours of CS 400, (21-24 
credits). MA 150,170; MA 111,160 or 161; EN 210 or 216. Five courses 
numbered above 200, approved by the advisor, in an applications field of 
interest (48-53 total credits). 

Major: (Computer Science) CS 147,248, one from 242,243, or 244; three 
additional computer science courses numbered above 300 including at least 
one numbered above 400. MA 111,112,202,211, 222,322 or 371; 335 or 
463. EN 216. PSY 337 (49 credits). 



73 



Minor: CS 147,248,242 or 243 or 244, two CS courses numbered above 
300, MA 111 or 161, one additional Mathematics (MA) course numbered 
above 200 (22-23 credits). 

Courses in Computer Science 

130. Microcomputers, Hardware and Software. The components of a 
microcomputer, introduction to operating systems, languages and software 
packages. 3 credits. 

147. Computers and Programming in Pascal. Introduction to the basic 
concepts and terminology of computer hardware, software, operating systems 
and languages. Programming in Pascal. 3 credits. 

170. Computers and Programming in Basic-Plus. Introduction to the 
basic concepts and terminology of computer hardware, software, operating 
systems and languages. Programming in Basic-Plus. 3 credits. 

242. Mathematical Computing with FORTRAN. The use of the com- 
puter in executing mathematical algorithms such as: implication of floating 
point computation, solution of nonlinear equations, numerical integration, 
and acceleration methods. FORTRAN is introduced and used throughout the 
course. Prerequisites: CS 147 or CS 170, MA 112 or MA 161. 3 credits. 

243. Interactive Systems with Basic-Plus. Time-sharing systems, 
microcomputers and Basic; arrays, strings, virtual arrays, random access 
files, elementary graphics. Prerequisite: CS 147 or CS 170. 3 credits. 

244. Business Computing with COBOL. Processing of data, the storing 
and manipulating of files; sorting, and merging of records. Prerequisite: CS 
147 or CS 170. 3 credits. 

248. Advanced Programming with Pascal. Advanced features of Pascal. 
Developing large programs. Libraries, units, etc. Prerequisite: CS 147. 
3 credits. 

250. Survey of Computers and their Impact. Computer hardware and 
software from the microcomputer to the mainframe. The social, economic 
and ethical impact of computers. 3 credits. 

341. Computer Architecture with MACRO. The organization of com- 
puters, the CPU, memory, disks, interfaces, interrupts, macros, device 
drivers. Prerequisite: CS 248. 3 credits. 

342. Data Structures. Discrete mathematical structures and their use in 
computer software. Stacks, lists, queues, hash tables, sorts, linked lists. 
Prerequisite: CS 248, MA 222 or permission. 3 credits. 



74 



345. Business Computer Systems. An overview of computer hardware and 
software from micro to mainframe. Batch processing, time sharing, word 
processing, spreadsheets. Data processing and communication. Management 
of and with computers. Prerequisite: CS 147. 3 credits. 

346. Data Algorithms. Methodology of data processing. Representation, 
storage, and retrieval of data. Methods to sort, merge, and match data. 
Sequential, random, indexed, and hash files. Prerequisite: One 200 level 
language course. 3 credits. 

441. Computer Languages and Compilers. Syntax and semantics of 
languages. Lexical analysis, parsing, and translation. Compiler design. Pre- 
requisite: CS 342. 3 credits. 

442. Microcomputer Systems. The architecture of microcomputers. Pro- 
gramming in assembly language. Interfacing microcomputer components. The 
design of microcomputer operating systems. Prerequisite: CS 147. 3 credits. 

445. Database Management. The organization of files. Database structure 
and implementations. Integrity and security of databases. Major DBM 
systems. Prerequisite: two 300 level courses. 3 credits. 

446. Computer Systems Analysis and Design. Principles of computer 
management. Design tools and techniques. Hardware, operating systems, 
languages and their interrelations. Implementation and evaluation of com- 
puter systems. Prerequisite: CS 345 or MA 335 and two level 300 courses. 
3 credits. 

Economics (EC) 

The Political Science and Economics Department is described on page 57. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree and Bachelor of Arts degree with a 
major in economics. 

Major: Bachelor of Science: EC 110,120,201,203,233,312, 6 elective hours 
in economics; AC 161,162; CS 147 or 170; EN 210; MA 150 or 160 or 
161 or 111; MA 170 or 270 or 372; MG 222,330,485; PH 260 (54 hours). 

Major: Bachelor of Arts: EC 110,120,201,203,312, and four additional elec- 
tive courses in economics, AC 161, MA 150 or MA 160 or MA 161 or MA 
111, MA 170 or MA 270 or MA 372 (36 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Science: EC 110,120,201,203,312; one from AC 161, 
MG 100, or one elective course in economics (18 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Arts: EC 110,120,201,203,312, and one additional elec- 
tive economics course (18 credits). 



75 



Courses in Economics 

110. Principles of Economics I. An introductory study of macroeconomic 
principles, with emphasis on national income determination, the price level, 
employment, economic growth, money and banking, and government 
monetary and fiscal policies. 3 credits. 

120. Principles of Economics 11. An introductory study of microeconomic 
principles, with emphasis on price, production, and distribution theories 
under conditions of varying market structures. Factor market analysis as well 
as implications for welfare economics and public policy are considered. 
3 credits. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and economic analysis of cur- 
rent public issues. 3 credits. 

201. Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis. Managerial and economic 
decision-making of business firms, with emphasis on sales, costs, profit, and 
resource allocation. The course provides a study of the tools of analysis, in- 
cluding the use of computers. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

203. Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis. A study of national income 
and employment theory, with primary emphasis on determination of the 
levels of employment and prices. The problems of unemployment and infla- 
tion are analyzed and appropriate monetary and fiscal policies considered. 
Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic 
Environment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as an 
economic analytical and business management tool. Topics include economic 
data analysis, economic graphics, and decision support systems. Pre- 
requisites: EC 110 and 120, or permission. 3 credits. 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of money and credit, in- 
cluding the development and role of commercial and central banking, struc- 
ture and functions of the Federal Reserve System, and monetary and banking 
theory, policy, and practice. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

315. Health Care Finance and Economics. Analysis of the economic 
problems of health and medical care to determine how to provide the best 
health care to the most people in a cost-effective manner. Examination of the 
principle elements of health care, including the physician, the hospital, and 
the pharmaceutical industry, as well as the influcence of government and the 
insurance industry. All economic analysis will be considered within the con- 
text of medical ethics and societal values. Prerequisite: EC 110 and 120. 



76 



321. Public Finance. A study of the economic functioning of government, 
including principles of taxation, public expenditures, debt, and fiscal policy. 
Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

332. International Economics. A study of theories and empirical analysis 
of international economic relations. Topics include analyses of free exchange 
of goods, factors, and money, restrictive trade policies, and freer economic 
practices. Prerequisites: EC 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of economic thought 
through the principal schools from mercantilism to the present. Attention is 
given to the analysis of the various theories of value, wages, interest, rent, 
profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, and to the influences of 
earlier economic ideas upon current thinking and policy-making. Pre- 
requisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

411. Economic Growth and Development. Theoretical and empirical anal- 
ysis of problems of economic development in both underdeveloped and ad- 
vanced countries. Prerequisites: EC 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

EDUCATION (ED) 

The Education Department is described on page 38. 

The program in Elementary Education is described on page 78 and that in 
Secondary Education on page 124. 

Minor: ED 1 10, GO 1 12; one of EE 270, 341, 361; one of EE 250, 332, 
GO 111; one of ED 346, 391, SE 420, ED 442; EE 280 or SE 280, 1-3 
credits (16-18 credits). 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study of the social, historical and 
philosophical foundations of American education correlated with a survey of 
the principles and theories of influential educators. 3 credits. 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. A study of the 
preparation and use of instructional technology, media, and equipment. 
3 credits. 

442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. An introduction to current 
research and practices concerning exceptionalities in children, including the 
handicapped and gifted. The course includes attention to policies, legislation, 
programs, methods and materials. Various resource personnel are invited to 
address pertinent issues. The course includes a minimum of one hour per 
week field experience in local programs designed to meet the needs of 
exceptional children. Prerequisites: ED 110, PSY 100 or PSY 120, or per- 
mission of instructor. 3 credits. 

77 



ELEMENTARY EDUCATION 
(TEACHER CERTIFICATION) (EE) 

The Education Department is described on page 38. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in elementary 
education. 

MAJOR: Elementary education majors must take: ED 1 10; EE 220,250, 
270,332,341,342,344,361,362,440,499; AR 401; GO 111; HI 125 or 126; 
MA 100 or equivalent; PSY 100,220,321 (66 credits). 

The minor in education is described on page 77. 

Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elemen- 
tary education majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including 
the playing of instruments, singing, using notation, listening, movement, and 
creative applications. 3 credits. 

250. Mathematics in the Elementary School. A study of basic preschool 
to eighth grade mathematical concepts with major emphasis on problem solv- 
ing, estimating, and computers. The course is designed to view mathematics 
as a multidisciplined subject. Attention is given to the development of hands- 
on teaching activities, simulations, and experiences which can be utilized 
effectively with any classroom population. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. An intro- 
duction to contemporary research, theories, programs, curricula, methods, 
and materials in early childhood education, nursery school through grade 2. 
Includes required field experience in a local early childhood center. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of literature for children from infants 
through grade 8, including extensive classroom examination of books, 
poetry, storytelling, and audiovisual resources in children's literature. 
3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in the Elementary School. Supervised field 
experiences in appropriate school settings. Prerequisite: Permission. 1-3 
credits. 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. A study of basic 
concepts in general science, earth and space science, physical and biological 
science, and environmental studies. The course emphasizes the experiential 
nature of science in the elementary classroom with special attention to the 
materials and methodologies appropriate to young children. 3 credits. 



78 



341,342. Teaching of Reading I, II. The fundamentals of teaching children 
to read from the readiness programs of early childhood education to the 
more comprehensive techniques required to teach reading in all subject areas 
of the curricula in elementary and middle schools. Effective reading pro- 
grams, methods, and materials are examined first hand. Attention is given to 
the classroom teacher's diagnosis of reading difficulties with an eye to 
preventive and prescriptive teaching. Includes during each semester one hour 
per week of tutoring of selected elementary school students. Prerequisite: EE 
270. 3 credits per semester. 

344. Health and Safety Education. A study of basic health and safety 
practices and procedures as applied to the elementary school, including a 
program of physical education for elementary school children, an American 
Red Cross-approved program of first aid, and an evaluation of sources and 
use of materials. Prerequisites: ED 110; PSY 220. 3 credits. 

361. Language Arts in the Elementary School. The content, methods and 
materials for teaching oral and written language beginning with early 
childhood: listening, speaking, creative and practical writing, as well as the 
related skills of creative dramatics, handwriting, grammar and usage. The 
course is designed to assist teachers in helping children to communicate 
effectively and responsibly in a creative manner. 3 credits. 

362. Social Studies in the Elementary School. An examination of the 
content, methods and role of social studies in the elementary school, begin- 
ning with early childhood. The curriculum is examined from two vantage 
points: the daily lives of children as they relate to developing values and 
attitudes and the planned study of people as they live and have lived in our 
world. The development of a teaching unit and the examination of learning 
resources contribute to a sound instructional program. 3 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire semester in a 
classroom of an area public school under the supervision of a carefully 
selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative grade point 
average of 2.0 during the first six semesters of college is required. Pre- 
requisites: ED 110; PSY 220; EE 250,270,332,341,342,361,362, and per- 
mission. 3-12 credits. 

499. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to pertinent issues in education 
are researched and discussed by the participants in the course. Issues relating 
to problems in student teaching or to further professional growth in the pro- 
fession are explored. 3 credits. 



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Engineering 

The co-operative ("3 + 2") Engineering program is described under the 
listing for the Physics department on page 56. 

English (EN) 

The English Department is described on page 40. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in English. 

MAJOR: Core requirements: EN 200; three from 221-228; 331; 341 or 
342; 499 (21 credits). Students must choose one of the concentrations below 
in addition to the core. 

Literature concentration: Three additional survey courses (EN 221-228 
three additional major authors (EN 340-349) or special topics courses 
(EN 390-399) or genre (EN 335-339) courses (39 total credits). 

Communications concentration: EN 213; four additional communications 
courses; 3 credits of EN 400 (39 total credits). 

Secondary Education concentration: Two additional survey courses from 
EN 221-228 (must include both 221, 222); three additional major authors 
(EN 340-349) or special topics (EN 291-299, 390-399) or genre (EN 
335-339) courses; EN 218; EN 332; FL 250; and either EN 213 or EN 336 
(48 total credits). 

MINOR (Literature): EN 200; EN 221 or 222; two from EN 225, 226, 
227, 228; two additional literature courses (18 credits). 

MINOR (Communications): EN 200,213,221 or 222; three additional com- 
munications courses (18 credits). 

Courses in English 

111,112. English Composition 1,11. Both semesters help the student find 
her or his own voice within the demands and expectations of public expres- 
sion. Both courses emphasize the development of clear, organized, and 
rhetorically effective prose. 112 also emphasizes reading and research skills. 
Prerequisite for 112: 111 or permission of chairperson. 3 credits per 
semester. 

200. Introduction to Literary Studies. An introduction to genres and to 
the basic methodology, tools, terminology, and concepts of the study of 
literature. 3 credits. 



80 



210. Management Communications. The dc elopment of reading, 
writing, speaking and listening skills for business management. Prerequisites: 
EN 111,112 or permission. 3 credits. 

213. Journalism. The development of the basic skills of journalistic 
writing such as interviewing, covering meetings, gathering and reporting 
news and features according to standard formats and styles; the course also 
discusses legal and ethical aspects of journalism. 3 credits. 

216. Technical Writing. The development of writing skills within the con- 
text of specialized, usually technical or scientific, subject matters, with em- 
phasis on style and forms. Prerequisite 1 1 1 and 1 12 or permission. 3 credits. 

218. Oral Communication. Introduction to oral communication, both for- 
mal and informal. 3 credits. 

219. Creative Writing: Fiction. A workshop in writing short fiction 

3 credits. 

220. Creative Writing: Poetry. A workshop in writing poetry. 
3 credits. 

221. Survey of American Literature I. A survey of selected major 
American authors from the colonial period to about the Civil War. 3 credits. 

222. Survey of American Literature II. A survey of selected major 
American authors from about the Civil War to the present. 3 credits. 

225. Survey of English Literature I. A survey of selected major English 
authors to about 1800. 3 credits. 

226. Survey of English Literature II. A survey of selected major English 
authors from about 1800 to the present. 3 credits. 

227. World Literature I. A survey of selected major writers from the 
early Hebrews and Greeks to the Renaissance. 3 credits. 

228. World Literature II. A survey of selected major writers from the 
Renaissance to the present. 3 credits. 

311. Feature Writing. Instructions and practice in writing feature articles 
for newspapers, trade journals, and magazines; free lance marketing and 
market analysis. Prerequisite: EN 213. 3 credits. 

312. Radio and TV Writing. Theory and technique of writing news and 
features for broadcast media. Editing and rewriting press association dis- 
patches, gathering local news, recording interviews, and preparing newscasts 
and feature programs. Prerequisite: EN 213. 3 credits. 

313. Advertising Copy and Layout. Principles and techniques of copy- 
writing; selection and presentation of sales points; creative strategy in pro- 
duction of layouts. Prerequisite EN 213.3 credits. 



81 



314. Public Relations. Purposes and methods of modem public relations as 
practiced by business and industry, organizations and institutions, trades and 
professions. Public opinion evaluation. Planning of public relations pro- 
grams. Prerequisite: EN 213. 3 credits. 

315. Editing. Editing theory and exercises in copyreading, rewriting, and 
headlining. Prerequisite: EN 213. 3 credits. 

331. History and Traditional Grammar of English. An examination of 
the evolution of English sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary, as well 
as a survey of conventions and current usage. 3 credits. 

332. Theory of Composition. A study of ancient and modem ideas on the 
writing process and the teaching of writing. 3 credits. 

335. The Novel. A study of the development of the English novel from 
Richardson to Joyce. 3 credits. 

336. Theatre Workshop. A workshop in the elements of theatre with 
classroom practice in production of scenes and whole plays. 3 credits. 

338. Dramatic Literature I. A survey of dramatic literature from the 
Greeks to about 1850, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 

3 credits. 

339. Dramatic Literature II. A survey of dramatic literature from about 
1850 to the present, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 

3 credits. 

341. Shakespeare I. A concentrated study of early Shakespearean drama, 
especially the comedies and the histories. 3 credits. 

342. Shakespeare II. A concentrated study of late Shakespearean drama, 
especially the tragedies and the romances. 3 credits. 

343-349. Major Authors. An examination of works of major authors in 
American, English, and World literature. 3 credits each. 

499. Seminar 



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Enviromental Studies 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in environmental studies 
through the cooperative program ("3 + 2") with Duke University may major 
in biology, economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. 
All such students shall take BI 111,112,302; EC 110,120; MA 161 or 111; 
MA 170, regardless of major, and shall meet the general requirements of the 
College. See also page 33. 

Foreign Language (FL) 

(See also French, German, Greek, and Spanish) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 41. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in foreign language. 

MAJOR: FL 250, 24 credits above the intermediate level in one language, 
12 credits above the intermediate level in a second language (39 credits). For 
teaching certification FL 440 is also required. 

Courses in Foreign Language 

250. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory study of language as a 
communication system, designed for majors and non-majors and taught in 
English. 3 credits. 

260. Approaches to Culture. A survey of contemporary life in French, 
German and Spanish speaking countries. Topics may include customs, 
values, social structures, geography, and current issues. Taught in English. 
3 credits. 

440. Methods of Teaching Foreign Language. A comprehensive study of 
modem teaching methods, with emphasis on basic skills for secondary school 
level instruction. Prerequisite: FR 316, or SP 316, or GR 316. 2 credits. 

Forestry 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in forestry through the 
cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biology, 
economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such 
students shall take BI 111,112,302; EC 110,120; MA 161 or 111; MA 170. 
regardless of major, and shall meet the general requirements of the College. 
See also page 33. 



83 



French (FR) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 41. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in French. 

MAJOR: 24 credits in French above the intermediate level, FL 250 
(27 credits). 

MINOR: 18 credits in French above the intermediate level. Courses in ad- 
vanced conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly 
recommended. 

Courses in French 

101,102. Elementary French I,II. Introductory courses in French. 3 
credits per semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational French I,II. A review of French 
grammar, emphasizing practice in conversation, comprehension, reading, and 
writing. Prerequisite: FR 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to French Literature. Practice in the close reading of 
literary texts and in the basic language skills. Prerequisite: FR 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living French 
authors. Attention both to individual style, innovations in form, and the rela- 
tionship of the writer to current problems. Prerequisite: FR 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. French Culture. A study of modem France. Special attention is 
given to those qualities, characteristics, and traditions that are uniquely 
French. Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written French. An advanced grammatical and stylistic level with 
emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: FR 202 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business French. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: FR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. French Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of 
medieval French literature to 1600. Prerequisite: FR 311 or 316 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 



84 



420. French Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. A study of major 
French authors of this era, the apogee of French civilization, including 
Comeille, Racine, Moliere. Prerequisite: FR 311 or FR 316 or permission. 
3 credits. 

430. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A study of the main 
literary and philosophical currents of the Eighteenth Century. Emphasis on 
the works of Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire, and Rousseau. Prerequisite: 
FR 300 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The Modern French Novel. A study of the French novel. Limited to 
the study of novels of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: 
FR 311 or FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A study of theatre and 
poetry of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: FR 311 or 
FR 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

General Education (GE) 

120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of how 
life in the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical 
developments in Europe and America, including the growth of science, the 
rise of national states, social classes and values, and changing views of the 
world. 3 credits. 

140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human 
behavior. The nature and definition of culture. The biological and social 
sources of culture. Culture, language, personality. The impact of culture on 
social life and on the individual; examples from Western and non-Western 
sources. 3 credits. 

160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrelation- 
ships among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus con- 
tent. Art as the product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 

GENERAL STUDIES 

Bachelors Degree 

The bachelors degree program in General Studies is intended for students 
who desire the widest possible choice in selecting a program of study. 
Students may choose their courses freely from among the arts, humanities, 
sciences, and social sciences. 



85 



DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science with a major in General 
Studies. 

REQUIREMENTS: The general requirements of the College; 24 or more 
credits selected from courses at the 300 level or above; free electives to 
complete the number of credits required for graduation; a cumulative grade 
point average of 2.00 or better. 

Associate Degree 

The associate degree program in general studies is intended for students who 
do not wish to concentrate in a single area. In this program students select 
their courses freely from among the arts, humanities, sciences, and social 
sciences. 

DEGREE: Associate of Arts or Associate of Science with a major in 
General Studies. Open only to students matriculated through the Continuing 
Education Center. 

REQUIREMENTS: 27 credits from the general requirements including EN 
111,112, LC 100 or 111, and one course from each of the other General Re- 
quirement areas, except physical education; 33 credits of free electives; a 
cumulative grade point average of 2.00. 

Geography (GO) 

Courses in geography are offered to acquaint students with the physical and 
cultural aspects of the world in which they live and to introduce them to 
geography as a discipline. The courses are recommended for all students 
who wish to broaden their understanding of the world. 

Courses in Geography 

111. Physical Geography and Its Impact. A survey of the physical 
aspects of the earth and its impact on life. Attention is given to the solar 
system, the earth's movements, climate, weather, landforms, ecology, en- 
vironmental awareness, and the processes that form and change the earth's 
surface. Students explore through current events, geographic searches, slides, 
lectures, and discussions the impact that physical geography has on their 
everyday lives. Requirement for elementary education certification. Pre- 
requisite: Elementary Education major or permission of instructor. 3 credits. 



86 



112. Cultural Geography. A survey of the various geographic regions of 
the world and their cultural features, including their natural resources, 
economy, social and religious customs, food supply, populations, ecology, 
and topical geography. Students explore the events and forces that have 
divided the globe into two basic sets of countries, those of the technological 
world and those of the developing world. Special attention is given to 
heightening students' international awareness and appreciation for diverse 
cultures. 3 credits. 

211. American Cultural Geography. A study of how the natural environ- 
ment has influenced the historic development of American culture, including 
the geographic distribution of population groups, religious denominations and 
practices, language patterns, architectural styles, and the like. 3 credits. 

German (GR) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 4 1 . 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in German. 

MAJOR: 24 credits in German above the intermediate level; FL 250. 
(27 credits). 

MINOR: 18 credits in German above the intermediate level. Courses in ad- 
vanced conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly 
recommended. 

Courses in German 

101,102. Elementary German I,II. Introductory courses in German. 3 
credits per semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational German I,II. A review of German 
grammar, with practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: GR 102 or equivalent. 3 credits per semester. 

210. Scientific German. An introduction to scientific writing in German. 
The vocabulary and syntax of scientific writing with emphasis on the ac- 
curate translations of texts. Taught in English. Prerequisite: GR 102. 
3 credits. 

311. Introduction to German Literature. Practice in the careful reading 
of literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: GR 202 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living German 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer 
to current problems. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

87 



315. German Culture. Study of the major features of contemporary 
German life. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written German on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, 
with emphasis on the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequisite: 
GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business German. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. The German Heritage. A survey of German culture and civilization 
including history, music, art, literature, and philosophy. Prerequisite: GR 
311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. The Age of Heroes. An exploration of the idea held by writers from 
the medieval through the baroque periods that an exemplary individual is the 
proper measure and focus of human aspiration and achievement. Prerequisite: 
GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of these literary figures, with 
an examination of their society and artistic achievements. Prerequisite: GR 
311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The German Novelle. The novelle as a literary genre as well as its 
development through the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: 
GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. German Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of represen- 
tative works by leading authors of the century and current literary 
movements. Prerequisite: GR 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

Greek (GK) 

101,102. Elementary Greek I,II. Introductory study in the basics of 
ancient Greek. 3 credits per semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Greek I,n. Readings from Greek literature. First 
semester includes readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second 
semester includes readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. Prerequisite: GK 
102. 3 credits per semester. 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. Prerequisite: GK 202. 3 credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. Prerequisite: GK 202. 
3 credits. 



Health Care Management 

The Management Department is described on page 41. 

The major in health care management is designed for people in health care 
fields who possess an associate degree or diploma and professional certifica- 
tion. These qualifications are required for admission to the program. The 
program combines studies in the liberal arts and management, plus business 
practices common to the health care industry. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in health care 
management. 

MAJOR: AC 161,162, CS 147 or 170, EC 110,120,315, EN 111,210, 
LC 100, MG 330,487, PH 260; SO 324; 9-12 credits in sociology, 
psychology, or other disciplines approved by the Director of Continuing 
Education; and any four of the following courses (12 credits): MA 170, MG 
222,340,350,361,371,372,384,420,425. 

Admission to this degree program is open only to adults who have com- 
pleted successfully an accredited diploma or associate degree program also 
with certification by a state governmental agency or a national professional 
accrediting organization in the following fields: Clinical Medical Assistant, 
Cytotechnologist, Dental Hygienist, Emergency Medical Technician, Medical 
Laboratory Technician, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Occupational 
Therapy Assistant, Physical Therapy Assistant, Radiologic Technologist, 
Registered Nurse, Respiratory Therapist. 

Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional education in the medical 
(medicine, osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and 
dentistry) and veterinary fields. Students interested in one of these careers 
usually follow a science curriculum with a major in biochemistry, biology or 
chemistry. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional 
study, the student who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate in 
a cooperative program between the College and local veterinarians, specializ- 
ing in both small and large animal medicine. Students not only receive credit 
for the work, but also gain valuable experience in the field. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the 
Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine have established an accelerated 
curriculum consisting of a minimum of 90 undergraduate semester hours and 
four years of podiatric medical education. Following three years of study at 

89 



Lebanon Valley College a student may be recommended for further study at 
the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon Valley College 
then awards the baccalaureate degree, with a major in biochemistry, biology 
or chemistry, to those students who complete successfully one year of basic 
science education at the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study in ad- 
dition to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in health 
professions careers. 

Lebanon Valley College graduates have been admitted to some of the 
nation's finest schools including Johns Hopkins University Medical School, 
The University of Pennsylvania, The University of Pittsburgh, Jefferson 
Medical School, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Temple University, 
The University of Maryland, The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic 
Medicine, The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine and the Penn- 
sylvania College of Optometry. 

History (HI) 

The History Department is described on page 43. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in history. 

MAJOR: History is a two-track major. 

For students seeking secondary education certification to teach Social 
Studies, a history major requires HI 125,126,213,499, two upper-level 
courses in U.S. history and three in non-U. S. history (27 credits). 

For all other students, the history major requires HI 125,126,213,313,499, 
two upper-level courses in U.S. history and three in non-U. S. history, and 
two elective courses in history (36 credits). 

MINOR: HI 125,126,213; one upper-level course in U.S. history and two in 
non-U. S. history (18 credits). 

Courses in History 

125. Survey of United States History I. The story of America from 
Columbus to the Civil War. 3 credits. 

126. Survey of United States History II. The story of America from 
Reconstruction through the Reagan years. 3 credits. 

201. Ancient History: Greece and Rome. The beginnings of civilization 
with particular emphasis upon the cultural developments of the Greeks and 
Romans. 3 credits. 



90 



203. The Middle Ages. A study of the thousand-year period that saw the 
emergence of a Christian European civilization. Political, social, economic, 
and intellectual aspects are emphasized. 3 credits. 

205. Early Modern Europe. The Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific 
Revolution, and the development of national political states, especially in the 
17th and 18th centuries. 3 credits. 

206. Revolution & Nationalism, 1789-1914. A study of the effects of the 
French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution on Europe. Particular atten- 
tion is paid to the rise of class antagonisms and national rivalries. 3 credits. 

207. Europe in the 20th Century. Developments in Europe from 1914 to 
the present, with particular attention to the impact of the world wars. 

3 credits. 

210. European Social History. An inquiry into the lives and experiences 
of ordinary folk. Topics include women, laboring classes, and popular 
culture. 3 credits. 

213. History and Historians. The lives and ideas of the great historians 
from ancient Greeks to recent America. 3 credits. 

225. The Colonies and the American Revolution. A study of how Euro- 
peans seized the New World, transformed themselves into Americans, and 
fought to build a republic in a hostile world of monarchies. 3 credits. 

226. Age of Jefferson & Jackson. How the old republican ideal of a 
virtuous agrarian society struggles to confront the new age of economic 
modernization, social diversity, and sectional tension. 3 credits. 

227. Civil War and Reconstruction. A study of how sectional divisions 
over slavery led to a bloody war and a bitter postwar effort to reshape 
Southern society. 3 credits. 

229. America in the Atomic Age. The impact of World War II, the cold 
war, social change, and international responsibilities upon America since 
1941. 3 credits. 

241. Pennsylvania History. The story of Pennsylvania's founding, settle- 
ment, expansion, and development from William Penn to the present. 
3 credits. 

261. American Intellectual History. A survey of American intellectual life 
from the European discovery to the present, concentrating on the way in 
which developments in religion, politics, education, science, social science, 
and the arts, have affected Americans' thinking about themselves, their com- 
munities, and their role in the world. 3 credits. 



91 



262. American Social History. A survey of American social history from 
the colonial period to the present, focusing on the transformation of Euro- 
pean culture by American conditions. Special attention will be paid to such 
developments as religious diversity, slavery, the achievement of indepen- 
dence, westward expansion, changing patterns of immigration, social 
organization, industrialization, urbanization, and involvement in international 
affairs. 3 credits. 

311. American Business History I. An examination of the lives and ideas 
of American business leaders and entrepreneurs, the development of the 
American economy, and the relationships between business, society, and 
government, from the colonial period to 1890. Special emphasis on the 
following industries: communications, energy, finance, fur, manufacturing, 
retailing, steel and transportation. 3 credits. 

312. American Business History II. An examination of the lives and 
ideas of American business leaders and entrepreneurs, the development of 
the American economy, the growth and decline of the trade union move- 
ment, and the relationships between business, society and government from 
1890 to the present. Special emphasis on the following industries: com- 
munications, energy, entertainment, finance, manufacturing, meat packing, 
recreation, and transportation. 3 credits. 

313. Public History. An introduction to non-teaching careers in history. 
Students examine the basics of archival management, museum curatorship, 
editing, oral history, and specialized work in government, corporations, 
historical societies, libraries, preservation agencies, research agencies, foun- 
dations, and higher education. 3 credits. 

331. Nazi Germany and World War II. A look in depth at the nature of 
totalitarianism, the German experience, the growth of the Nazi party, the 
emergence of Hitler, and the Holocaust. 3 credits. 

335. Intellectual History Since the Renaissance. A survey of the ideas 
that have dominated the development of Western Civilization, and the 
political, social, and economic context that gave them meaning. 3 credits. 

341. Survey of Russian History. The development of Russia and the 
Soviet Union from Kievan beginnings to the present, with emphasis upon the 
period since 1600. 3 credits. 

344. History of the Far East. A survey of the political, economic, and 
cultural institutions of China and Japan, with special emphasis given to the 
Western impact on these institutions after 1500. 3 credits. 



92 



360. American Military History. A survey of American military institu- 
tions from Old World tradition to the post Vietnam era, with particular 
emphasis on the development of the United States Army. The course features 
leadership case studies. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. Readings, discussions, and evaluations of important works 
of history. Open to history majors and minors, and to others by permission 
of instructor. 3 credits. 

Honors (HC) 

The Honors program and courses are described on page 26. 

Hotel Management (HM) 

The Management Department is described on page 44. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in hotel management. 

MAJOR: HM 111,112,211,222,231,311,322,331,411,422,431; AC 161,162; 
EC 120; MG 330,340,420,485; EN 210; PH 260 (60 credits). 

MINOR: HM 111,112,211,222,231,311; AC 161 (21 credits). 
Courses in Hotel Management 

111. Introduction to the Hotel Industry. History, development and opera- 
tion of the hotel industry. Emphasis on current organization, problems, op- 
portunities and trends. Overview of how the hotel industry functions in the 
world economy. Management orientation stressed. 3 credits. 

112. Front Office Management. An analysis of the integrated functions of 
the front office and housekeeping departments. Topics include work and in- 
formation flow within and between departments, demand forecasting, pricing 
strategies, reservations and control, front desk responsibilities, guest services, 
emergency procedures, night auditing, and a general introduction to the art 
of innkeeping. Materials, equipment and techniques involved in the house- 
keeping function will also be analyzed. Prerequisite: HM 111. 3 credits. 

211. Hotel Law. Fundamentals of hotel law including innkeeper laws and 
dramshop laws. The case study method develops an awareness and under- 
standing of the legal problems confronting hotel managers. Prerequisite: HM 
111.3 credits. 



93 



221. The Psychology and Sociology of Leisure. An analysis of the funda- 
mental psychological and sociological concepts and theories related to the 
motivation for travel. Review of consumer behavior in the hotel industry. 
Evaluating customer needs and services. Prerequisite: HM 111 and permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

222. Food and Beverage Management I. Introduction to the food and 
beverage functions with emphasis on menu planning and purchasing. In- 
cludes fundamentals and language, systems, equipment, operational respon- 
sibilities, management organizational patterns, nutrition, storage, and sanita- 
tion. Prerequisite: HM 111. 3 credits. 

231. Supervised Field Experience: Front Office Management. Emphasizes 
selected aspects of front office management. Accompanied by readings, 
reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) 
hours of field work in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HM 112 and permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

311. Advanced Hotel Management. An analysis of the following aspects 
of hotel organizations: health, safety and security; building and grounds; 
equipment purchase, repair and maintenance; facilities design; renovation and 
maintenance; internal controls; and energy management. Prerequisite: HM 
112. 3 credits. 

322. Food and Beverage Management II. Analysis of the food and 
beverage functions with emphasis on production and services. Prerequisite: 
HM 112. 3 credits. 

331. Supervised Field Experience: Marketing. Emphasizes selected 
aspects of marketing techniques and research. Accompanied by readings, 
reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) 
hours of field work in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HM 112, MG 340 
and permission. 3 credits. 

411. Hotel Financial Management. To develop an understanding of com- 
mon techniques and methods by which management in the hospitality in- 
dustry, can interpret, analyze, and make decisions based on information pro- 
vided by the accounting system. Prerequisites: AC 161, 162. 3 credits. 

422. Food and Beverage Management III. Advanced analyses of the food 
and beverage functions with emphasis on cost control and profit planning. 
Relevant computer software applications are reviewed in depth. Prerequisite: 
HM 322. 3 credits. 



94 



431. Supervised Field Experience: Accounting and Finance. Emphasizes 
selected aspects of accounting and financial management concepts and 
techniques. Accompanied by readings, reports, journals, and faculty con- 
ferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work in the hotel in- 
dustry. 3 credits. 

International Business 

The program in International Business is offered jointly by the Foreign 
Languages department which is described on page 41, and the Management 
department, which is described on page 44. 

The program in international business provides an opportunity to integrate 
the study of business with the knowledge of a foreign language and culture. 
It is designed to equip students with the background and skills necessary to 
work with foreign corporations within the United States and with American 
corporations abroad. While acquiring a strong liberal arts background, 
students who elect this major will receive training in accounting, manage- 
ment, economics and political science. They also will become familiar with 
a foreign culture and will acquire proficiency in French, German or Spanish. 
International business majors are encouraged to apply for internships to gain 
valuable field experience. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in international business. 

MAJOR: AC 161,162; EC 110,120,332; MG 330,340,361,376,485; PS 
210,230,312; RE 140; CS 147 or 170; MA 150 or 160 or 161 or 111; MA 
170 or 270, or 372; FR, GR, SP 315,316; and two other courses in the 
selected foreign language above the intermediate level (63-65 credits). 

LEADERSHIP STUDIES (LC) 

The program in Leadership Studies is described on page 24. 

Courses in Leadership 

100, 111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. Theories 
and concepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their practical 
applications. Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, com- 
munication skills, conflict resolution, motivation, decision making, and values 
clarification and ethics. Prerequisite for LC 111, permission of instructor. 
3 credits. 



95 



330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of 
the ethical and valuational questions that reside at the core of both leadership 
and leadership theories. Prerequisite: LC 100 or HI. 3 credits. 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership as 
exemplified in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other cultures 
and assessment of the student's own leadership style are also included. 
Prerequisite: LC 100 or 111, PH 220 or RE 222. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LC 350. 3-15 credits. 

Management (MG) 

The Management Department is described on page 44. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in management. 

MAJOR: AC 161,162; EC 110,120; EN 210; CS 147 (or 170); MG 222, 
233,330,340,361,371,460,483,485; MA 150 (or 111 or 160 or 161); MA 
170 (or 270 or 372); PH 260 (54-56 credits). 

Courses in Management 

100. Business and Its Environment. An overview of business operations 
for the non-business major. Specialized fields within business organizations 
are analyzed. The environment and the role of business in modem society 
are examined. Not open to accounting, economics, management, or interna- 
tional business majors. 3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative 
methods used in modem management and economics. Topics include prob- 
ability concepts, forecasting, decision theory, linear programming, queuing 
theory, network models, and Markov analysis. Prerequisites: MA 150 and 
170. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic 
Environment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a 
business management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory ex- 
ercises the student learns commonly used business applications. Topics 
covered include word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database manage- 
ment, business graphics, decision support systems, and integrated accounting 
packages. Prerequisite: AC 151 or 161, EC 110 or 120, or permission. 
3 credits. 



96 



250. Real Estate Fundamentals and Practice. This course acquaints the 
student with aspects of listing, selling, and leasing property. Includes listing 
and selling techniques; contracts; financing including FHA and VA; qualify- 
ing the customer; settlement procedures including prorations; and special 
fields of real estate such as development and construction. 4 credits. 

330. Principles of Management and Organizations. A study of manage- 
ment principles, organizational theory, and administrative techniques as 
applied to the effective and efficient operation of both profit and nonprofit 
organizations. Emphasizes the organization's structure, leadership, interper- 
sonal relationships, and managerial functions. 3 credits. 

340. Principles of Marketing. An overview of marketing from the 
management perspective. Topics include marketing strategies; marketing 
research; consumer behavior; selecting target markets; developing, pricing, 
distributing, and promoting products and services and non-profit marketing. 
Prerequisite: junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

341. Consumer Behavior. Analysis of factors affecting purchase decisions 
in the marketplace; application of behavioral and social science concepts to 
the study of consumer behavior. Emphasis on use of knowledge of consumer 
behavior for marketing decisions. Prerequisite: MG 330 and MG 340, or 
permission. 3 credits. 

350. Organizational Behavior and Development. A detailed study of 
theories and models of organizational behavior and development, with 
emphasis on the practical application of these models in the workplace to 
improve individual, group, and organizational performance. Prerequisite: 
junior standing and MG 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

361. Managerial Finance. A study of financial management covering 
analysis of asset, liability and capital relationships and operations; manage- 
ment of current assets and working capital; capital planning and budgeting; 
capital structure and dividend policy; short and intermediate term financing; 
internal and external long term financing; mergers and acquisitions; multina- 
tional operations; and corporation failures and liquidation. Prerequisite: AC 
152 or AC 162; EC 110, 120; MG 222. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. An analysis of investment and its relation to other 
economic, legal, and social institutions. The course includes discussion of 
investment principles, machinery, policy, management investment types, and 
the development of portfolios for individuals and institutions. Prerequisite: 
MG 361. 3 credits. 



97 



364. Advertising. The role advertising plays in American life and its effect 
upon consumer behavior. Analysis of media strategies, functions of advertis- 
ing agencies, creation of successful advertisements, and the legal and ethical 
restraints on advertising. Prerequisite: MG 340. 3 credits. 

371. Business Law I. Elementary principles of law relating to the field of 
business. The course covers contracts, government regulation of business, 
consumer protection, bankruptcy, personal property, real estate, bailments, 
insurance and estates. Prerequisite: AC 152 or 162 highly recommended. 

3 credits. 

372. Business Law II. Elementary principles of law relating to business. 
Includes agency, employment, commercial paper, security devices, 
insurance, partnerships, corporation, estates, bankruptcy. Prerequisite: AC 
152 or 162 highly recommended. 3 credits. 

376. International Business Management. A study of the management 
techniques and procedures in international and multinational organizations. 
Prerequisite: MG 340. 3 credits. 

380. Small Business Management. A study of small business, including 
organization, staffing, production, marketing, and profit planning. Cases are 
used extensively in presenting the course material. Prerequisite: AC 152 or 
162, MG 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

384. Marketing Research. An introduction to the methodology of 
marketing research. Specific topics covered include problem formulation, 
research design, sample design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of 
data, and presentation of research findings. Prerequisite: MG 330 and MG 
340. 3 credits. 

420. Personnel Management. This course examines the problems in effec- 
tively recruiting, selecting, training, developing, compensating, and disci- 
plining human resources; it includes both equal employment opportunity and 
labor-management relations. Prerequisite: MG 330 or permission. 3 credits. 

425. Labor and Industrial Relations. Emphasis on the origin, growth, 
and development of labor organizations and the impact of such organizations 
on management practices. Topics included are: legislation affecting industrial 
relations; collective bargaining process; contract administration; industrial 
jurisprudence; and arbitration. Prerequisite: MG 330 or permission. 3 credits. 



98 



460. Management Information Systems. Examines data sources and the 
role of information in the organization for purposes of management planning, 
operations, and control in various types of business environments. Treats 
information as a key organizational resource parallel to people, money, 
materials, and technology. Views information and its uses within general 
systems framework. Prerequisite: AC 152 or 162, CS 147 or 170, MG 330, 
or permission. 3 credits. 

483. Production and Operations Management. An overview of the pro- 
duction/operations management function as applied to both manufacturing 
and service organizations. It provides a background of the concepts and pro- 
cesses used in the production/service operations area. Integrated throughout 
are considerations of the information systems, the people involved, the quan- 
titative techniques employed, and the international implications. Prerequisite: 
MG 222 and MG 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

485. Business Policy. A capstone course to study administrative processes 
under conditions of uncertainty, integrating prior studies in management, 
accounting, and economics. Uses the case method and a computer simula- 
tion. Prerequisite: senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

487. Health Care Management. A capstone course to study the admin- 
istrative processes of American's health care industry including institutional 
infra-structure, governance systems, financial systems, personnel systems, 
quality controls, nursing and clinical services, and marketing. The course 
integrates prior study in health care, management, accounting, and 
economics. Students will develop problem solving skills and an appropriate 
management style. Prerequisite: senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

Mathematics (MA) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 46. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in mathematics. 

MAJOR: MA 111,112,202,211,222,499, CS 147, five courses in mathe- 
matics (15 credits) numbered above 300, as approved to include a balance 
between abstract and applied courses (40 credits). 

MINOR: MA 111,112 or 161,162,211; MA 202,222, CS 147 and one 
mathematics course (3 credits) numbered above 300, approved by the advisor 
(22 credits). 



99 



Courses in Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics with Computers. A study of a 
variety of topics from mathematics, the computer, and the use of the com- 
puter as a tool. Topics may include: patterns and inductive reasoning, 
calculators, number systems, nature of algebra, interest, installment buying, 
metric system, geometric concepts, computer word processing, and writing a 
computer program. 3 credits. 

102. Pre-Calculus, Algebra and Trigonometry. A review of college 
algebra and trigonometry. Algebraic expressions and equations, inequalities, 
absolute value, exponents, logarithms, functional notation, graphs of func- 
tions, systems of equations, modeling and work problems, angular measure- 
ment, trigonometric functions, identities, formulas, radian measure, graphs of 
trigonometric and inverse functions. 3 credits. 

111,112. Analysis I,II. A rigorous calculus sequence for departmental 
majors. Prerequisite: placement testing or MA 102. 5 credits per semester. 

150. Finite Mathematics, hitroduction to finite mathematics with emphasis 
on economic and business applications. Topics include: sets, lines and 
systems of equations, matrices, linear programming, probability, statistics, 
Markov processes, mathematics of finance. 3 credits. 

160. Calculus for Business. Introduction to differential and integral 
calculus with emphasis on concepts and techniques most applicable to 
business and economics. Prerequisite: placement testing or MA 102. 

3 credits. 

161. Calculus I. The first course of a calculus sequence with emphasis on 
applications. Topics include: functions and limits, differentiation, integration, 
introduction to logarithm and exponential functions. Preerequisite: placement 
testing or MA 102. 3 credits. 

162. Calculus 11. Continuation of topics from MA 161. Additional applica- 
tions of differentiation and integration, logarithm and exponential functions, 
inverse trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, improper integrals, I'hopital's 
rule, infinite series, and conic sections. Prerequisite: MA 161. 4 credits. 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive and inferential 
statistics. Topics include: graphical representation, measures of central 
tendency, probability, binomial distribution, normal 

distribution, hypothesis testing, estimation, comparison testing, linear models 
and correlation, and contingency tables. 3 credits. 

202. Foundations of Mathematics. Introduction to logic, set theory and 
real and complex numbers. Prerequisite: MA 112. 3 credits. 



100 



211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis I, II. Prerequisite: MA 112 or 
MA 162. 3 credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, and systems of equations. Pre- 
requisite: MA 112. 3 credits. 

261. Calculus III. Continuation of Calculus I, II. Topics include: polar 
coordinates, parametric equations, vectors in the plane, three-dimensional 
space, partial derivatives, multiple integrals, and vector calculus. Pre- 
requisite: MA 111 or 162. 3 credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order differential equations, 
partial differential equations. Prerequisite: MA 211 or MA 261. 3 credits. 

270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of MA 170. Pre- 
requisite: MA 112 or MA 162. 3 credits. 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, fields. Pre- 
requisite: MA 222. 3 credits. 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic development of Absolute, Euclidean and non- 
Euclidean geometries. Prerequisite: MA 112. 3 credits. 

335. Operations Research I. Linear programming, dynamic programming, 
integer programming, queueing theory, project scheduling, stochastic simula- 
tion, and decision analysis. Prerequisite: MA 222, 371. 3 credits. 

336. Operations Research II. Continuation of topics from MA 335, and 
selected topics from goal programming, network analysis, game theory, 
stochastic processes, inventory theory, forecasting, and reliability. Pre- 
requisite: MA 335. 3 credits. 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, probability law and 
distributions. Prerequisite: MA 211. 3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. Generating functions, decision theory, tests 
of hypotheses. Prerequisite: MA 371. 3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. Analytic functions. Cauchy 
theorem, conformal mapping. Prerequisite: MA 202. 3 credits. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. Issues of concern for the prospective secon- 
dary school mathematics teacher. 1 credit. 

463. Numerical Analysis I. Iteration, interpolation, numerical integration, 
and linear systems. Prerequisite: MA 266, CS 147. 3 credits. 

464. Numerical Analysis II. Continuation of MA 463, and differential 
equations, and matrix methods. Prerequisite: MA 463. 3 credits. 

471. Applied Statistics. Linear regression and correlation analysis, analysis 
of variance, sampling, time series analysis. Prerequisite: MA 372. 3 credits. 

101 



499. Seminar. Problem solving techniques and other selected topics. Pre- 
requisite: MA 211. 3 credits. 

Medical Technology 

In addition to the degree described below, Lebanon Valley College also 
offers a "2+2" cooperative program in medical technology with Thomas 
Jefferson University and a "2 + 3" program with Hahnemann University, 
both in Philadelphia. These Programs are described on page 33. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology. 

MAJOR: BI 100,111,112,306,322, eight additional credits in biology; CH 
111, 112,113,114,213,214,215,216; PHY 103,104; MA 170 (52 credits). 
The senior year is spent off-campus at an accredited hospital School of 
Medical Technology. It is the student's responsibility to apply and become 
accepted into a hospital program. Thirty (30) semester hours of credit are 
awarded for the successful completion of this year. 

Military Science (MI) 

The Military Science program is described on page 49. 

REQUIREMENTS: MI 101,102,201,202,301,302,401,402; HI 360, an ad- 
vanced writing course, and a course in human behavior. 

Courses in Military Science 

101,102. Introduction to Military Science. Emphasis on developing self- 
confidence and bearing. Instruction and weekly practical training in such 
basic skills as map reading, rappelling, weapons, communications, first aid, 
tactical movements, customs and courtesies, public speaking, and leadership. 
Meets one hour per week each semester. Also four to six Saturdays of 
voluntary adventure training and one formal social event each semester. 
1 credit each semester. 

201,202. Application of Military Science. Advanced instruction in topics 
introduced in the first year. Participation in operations and basic tactics to 
demonstrate leadership problems and to develop leadership skills. Meets two 
hours per week each semester. Also four to six Saturdays of voluntary 
adventure training and one formal social event each semester. 1 credit each 
semester. 



102 



301,302. Advanced Application of Military Science. Emphasis on leader- 
ship. Situations require direct interaction with other cadets and test the stu- 
dent's ability to meet set goals and to get others to do the same. Students 
master basic tactical skills of the small unit leader. Meets two hours per 
week and selected weekends each semester. Prerequisite: Open only to Ad- 
vanced Course cadets. 1 credit each semester. 

401,402. Command and Staff. Emphasis is placed on developing planning 
and decision-making capabilities in the areas of military operations, logistics, 
and administration. Meets two hours per week and selected weekends each 
semester. Prerequisite: Open only to Advanced Course cadets. 1 credit each 
semester. 

Music (MU) 

The Music Department is described on page 51. 

DEGREES: Bachelor of Arts with a major in music; Bachelor of Music; 
Bachelor of Music with a major in sacred music; Bachelor of Science with a 
major in music education; Bachelor of Music with a major in sound record- 
ing technology. 

MAJORS: Core courses in all music degree programs are: (Area I) MU 
115,116,117,118,215,217,226,316; (Area V) MU 341,342; (Area VI) MU 
246; (Area VII) MU 530 [B.S.], or 540 [B.A.], or 550 [B.M.]. 

Music (B.A.): Core courses plus (Area I) MU 224,315,329; (Area II) MU 
132,326,327 for voice majors; (Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) MU 306 for 
piano majors, MU 462; (Area VII) MU 510 or 530-piano for voice majors, 
MU 540-piano/voice depending upon performance area. 

Orchestral and Band Instruments (B.M.): Core courses plus (Area I) MU 
224,315,329,416; (Area II) MU 403,480; (Area III) MU 123,124-brass or 
231,232-woodwinds or 127,228-percussion; (Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) 
MU 462; (Area VII) MU 510 or 530-piano, 520 or 530-voice, MU 
550-orchestral/band instrument depending upon performance area. 

Piano (B.M.): Core courses plus (Area I) MU 224,315,329,416; (Area II) 
MU 406,411,480,600 maximum 6 credits; (Area IV) ensembles-6 credits; 
(Area V) MU 306,462; (Area VI) MU 345 or 347; (Area VII) MU 520 or 
530-voice, MU 550-piano. 

Sacred Music (B.M.): Core courses plus (Area I) MU 224,315,329; (Area 
V) MU 462; (Area VI) MU 347. Organ track: (Area II) MU 132,422; (Area 
IV) ensembles; (Area V) MU 321,322,351,352,354,421; (Area VII) MU 520 
or 530-voice, 530-piano, MU 550-organ. Voice track: (Area II) MU 132, 
326,327,422; (Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) MU 321,322,351,421; (Area 
VII) MU 530-piano, 530-organ, 550-voice. 

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Music Education (B.S.): Core courses plus (Area I) MU 416; (Area II) MU 
333,334,335,336,441,402 or 404; (Area HI) MU 123,124,127,228,231,232, 
337,338; (Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) MU 341,342; (Area VI) MU 345 
or 347; ED 110; PSY 100 or 120; PSY 220. Students whose principal per- 
formance medium is piano are required to study 1 year of voice. Students 
whose principal performance medium is voice are required to complete 2 
years of piano. Students whose principal performance medium is a band or 
orchestral instrument are required to complete 2 years of piano study and 1 
year of voice study. All study includes class or private instruction. Music 
education majors are permitted to register for only the half-hour lesson in 
their principal performance medium during the student teaching semester. All 
students may earn up to 12 credits for ensemble participation. 

MINOR: MU 115,116,117,341 or 342, 6 credits of Private Instruction (MU 
530) and 4 credits in music ensembles or elective courses. All programs 
must be approved by the Chairperson. 

Student Recitals 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all students in acquainting them 
with a wide range of the best musical literature, in developing musical taste 
and discrimination, in affording the experience of appearing before an audi- 
ence, and in gaining self-reliance as well as nerve control and stage de- 
meanor. Students at all levels of performance appear in these student 
recitals. 

Courses in Music Theory (Area I) 

Enrollment in all music courses above the 100 level requires the permission 
of the Chairperson of the Department. 

115. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music and their notation. 
Harmonization of melodies and basses with fundamental triads. Analysis. 
2 credits. 

116. Harmony II. A study of inversions of triads, seventh chords, the 
principles of modulation and figured bass. Analysis of hymns and standard 
literature. 2 credits. 

117. Ear Training and Sight Singing I. The singing and aural recognition 
of intervals, scales triads and simple harmonic progressions. 2 credits. 

118. Ear Training and Sight Singing II. A continuation of 117, em- 
phasizing clef reading, modality, modulation and more complicated rhythmic 
devices and harmonic patterns. 2 credits. 



104 






115. Harmony III. The writing and analysis of exercises and literature that 
nclude secondary dominant, diminished seventh chords and substitutes for 
liatonic harmony. Analysis and discussion of Twentieth Century composi- 
ional techniques. 2 credits. 

117. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. An advanced ear training 
;ourse using literature representing various stylistic periods and performance 
nedia as the basis for analysis, discussion and aural recognition. 2 credits. 

t24. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three- 
ind four-part work in all the species. 2 credits. 

126. Form and Analysis I. A study through analysis and listening of sim- 
)le and compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and sonata 
brms. Emphasis is placed primarily upon structural content. The course pro- 
'ides experience and skill in both aural and visual analysis. 2 credits. 

H5. Harmony IV. Elementary Composition. Exposure to the composition 
>f various forms, including theme and variation, rondo, song and dance 
brms; exploration of Twentieth Century compositional techniques. 2 credits. 

116. Keyboard Harmony. Score reading and the realization of figured 
>ass at the keyboard, transposition, and improvisation. The successful com- 
)letion of a piano jury is required for admission to the course. 2 credits. 

129. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis and listening of 
iigal forms, suite, complex sonata forms and techniques for analysis of cer- 
ain contemporary styles of music. 2 credits. 

H6. Orchestration. A study of instrumentation and the devices and 
echniques for scoring transcriptions, arrangements and solos for orchestra 
ind band, with special emphasis on practical scoring for mixed ensembles as 
hey occur in public schools. Laboratory analysis and performance. Scoring 
>f original works. 2 credits. 

Materials and Methods Courses (Area II) 

32. Diction for Singers. An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's 
inglish, German, French, Italian, and Latin, utilizing the International 
*honetic Alphabet. Required for sacred music majors and for voice students 
najoring in music; open to other students with permission of the instructor, 
credit. 

20. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elemen- 
ary education majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including 
he playing of instruments, singing, notation, listening, movement, and 
reative applications. 3 credits. 



105 



280. Field Practicum in Music Education. Supervised field experiences in 
appropriate settings. Required pass/fail. Prerequisites: ED 110 and permis- 
sion. 1-3 credits. 

326. Vocal Literature. A survey of solo vocal literature, with emphasis on 
teaching repertoire. Extensive listening is required. Students may have 
opportunities to perform works studied. 2 credits. 

327. Vocal Pedagogy. This course prepares the advanced voice student to 
teach private lessons at the secondary school level. Students in the class are 
expected to develop vocal exercise procedures, become familiar with suitable 
teaching repertoire and apply teaching procedures in a laboratory situation. 
Selected writings in vocal pedagogy and voice therapy are studied. 2 credits. 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. A com- 
prehensive study of general music teaching at the elementary school level, 
the philosophy of music education, varied approaches for developing concep- 
tual learning and music skills, creative applications, and analysis of 
materials. 3 credits. 

334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Junior High/Middle 
School. A study of materials and approaches appropriate for general music 
classes in the junior high/middle school, including adolescent voices, 
musically-oriented learning experiences, and planning a general curriculum. 
3 credits. 

335. Methods and Materials: Instrumental. A comprehensive study of 
methods and materials applicable to the teaching of band and orchestral in- 
struments and instrumental groups from elementary through high school 
levels. Topics include: an overview of the historical and philosophical 
perspectives of music education, development of organizational skills and ad- 
ministrative responsibilities and a review of the playing and teaching tech- 
niques of all instruments. 3 credits. 

336. Music Education Field Practicum. Students are placed in schools 
one hour per week where they are involved in teaching/learning enviroment. 
1 credit. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Problems. A lecture/discussion 
course highlighting the typical problems confronting the school instrumental 
music teacher. Topics include: marching band charting and show design 
techniques, instrument repair and maintenance, selection of beginners, 
rehearsal scheduling, budgeting, evaluation, literature selection, and 
organization of festivals, contests, trips, and public performances. Individual 
research projects and student presentations. 2 credits. 



106 



403. Pedagogy. Orchestral and Band Instruments. A survey of literature 
and teaching materials that relate to the student's performance area. Students 
may be expected to apply teaching procedures in a laboratory situation. 

2 credits. 

404. Music Education Seminar, Secondary Level. A study of the high 
school vocal music curriculum and related course offerings. 2 credits. 

406. Piano Pedagogy. A practical course that explores fundamental prin- 
ciples necessary to be an effective piano teacher. Subjects include practice 
techniques, memorization and the selection of appropriate technical materials 
for both beginners and advanced students. Laboratory teaching may be 
required of the student. 2 credits. 

41 L Piano Ensemble. A course that acquaints students with problems 
related to piano ensemble performance. Practical experience will be gained 
through study and performance of appropriate literature. 2 credits. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. A course that ac- 
quaints students with the total church music program. Topics include the 
development of a choir program, methods and techniques of rehearsal, 
budget preparation, and committee and pastoral relationships. 2 credits. 

441. Student Teaching. Music education majors spend a semester in the 
music department of a school district under the supervision of cooperating 
teachers. Prerequisites: (1) a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 during 
the first six semesters in college; (2) successful completion of piano and 
voice juries; (3) completion of Music 333,334,335,336 including field ex- 
periences; (4) approval of the music faculty. Students are responsible for 
transportation; the college cannot insure that student teaching placement can 
be in a local geographical area. 

480. Chamber Music. Under the guidance of an instructor, the student 
studies and performs chamber works appropriate to his/her performance 
medium. Prepared works may be presented in recital. 1-2 credits. 

600. Accompanying. Under the guidance of a piano instructor the piano 
major prepares accompaniments for recital performance. One credit per 
semester is given for one solo recital or two half recitals. A maximum of six 
credits, usually distributed over the last three years, may be earned. 

Instrumental Courses (Area III) 

Class Instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Practical courses in 
which students, in addition to being taught the fundamental principles 
underlying the playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to play 



107 



on instruments of each group: string, woodwind, brass, and percussion. 
Problems of class procedure in public schools are discussed; transposition of 
all instruments is taught. Ensemble playing is an integral part of these 
courses. Bibliographical materials are surveyed. 

Brass Instruments (trumpet, horn, trombone, baritone, tuba) 

123. Brass I. A study of the trumpet and trombone. Emphasis on 
pedagogical techniques. 1 credit. 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the brass family (horn, 
baritone, tuba). Emphasis on pedagogical techniques. Mixed brass ensem- 
ble experience. 1 credit. 

Percussion Instruments (snare drum, timpani, bass drum, and others) 

127. Percussion I. A study of the snare drum. 1/2 credit. 

228. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 
1/2 credit. 

Woodwind Instruments (clarinet, flute, oboe, saxophone, bassoon) 

231. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet. 1 credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

String Instruments (violin, viola, cello, string bass) 

337. String I. A study of all the above instruments. 1 credit. 

338. String II. A continuation of the study of all the above instruments. 
1 credit. 

Music Organizations (Area TV) 

Opportunities for individual performance in a group experience are provided 
by music organizations. Membership in the organizations is open on an audi- 
tion basis to all students. 

601. Symphonic and Marching Band. The symphonic band performs 
original literature as well as arrangements of standard repertoire. During the 
football season it presents half-time performances. Membership is by audi- 
tion and is dependent upon the instrumentation needs of the organization. All 
music education majors, regardless of performance medium, are required to 
be in marching band for a minimum of two semesters. 1 credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. A wide variety of symphonic literature is 
studied and performed. In the second semester the orchestra accompanies 
soloists in a concerto-aria concert and on occasion combines with choral 
organizations for the performance of a major work. 1 credit. 



108 



604. Concert Choir. The Concert Choir is composed of approximately 
fifty voices, selected by audition. All phases of choral literature are studied 
intensively. In addition to local concerts, the choir tours annually. 1 credit. 

605. College Chorus. The College Chorus offers the opportunity to study 
and perform literature of various styles and composers including major choral 
works. Choral experience is preferred but not required. Required of all 
majors in the department. 1/2 credit. 

613. Clarinet Choir. 1/2 credit. 

614. Woodwind Quintet. 1/2 credit. 

615. Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
621. Flute Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

623. String Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

624. Woodwind Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

625. Low Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

626. Jazz Band. 1 credit. 

628. Small Jazz Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
630. Chamber Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
635. Handbell Choir. 1/2 credit. 

The History and Appreciation of Music Courses (Area V) 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. For the non-music major, a 
survey of Western music from ancient to modem times. The course is 
designed to increase the individual's musical perception. May not be taken if 
the student has completed MU 341 and/or 342. 3 credits. 

200. American Music History. A historical survey of American music, 
emphasizing stylistic developments and illustrative musical examples. The 
course emphasizes the Twentieth Century including jazz, pop, rock and 
American musical theatre. 3 credits. 

306. History and Literature of the Piano. A survey of the development 
of the piano and its literature with emphasis on piano methods books and 
related materials. 2 credits. 

321. Hymnology. A study of the historical development of hymns and 
hymn singing, as well as an in-depth analysis of the current hymnodical 
practices of the Christian churches. 2 credits. 



109 



322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar. A study of standard oratorios, 
requiems, cantatas and anthems with emphasis on the development of 
aesthetic judgement in selecting literature for various liturgical settings. 
2 credits. 

341. History and Literature of Music I. A survey course in the history of 
Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustrative 
musical examples. Ends with Bach. May not be taken if student has com- 
pleted MU 100. 3 credits. 

342. History and Literature of Music H. A survey course in the history 
of Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustrative 
musical examples. Covers Handel to the present. May not be taken if stu- 
dent has completed MU 100. 3 credits. 

351,352,354. Organ Seminar I,II,IV. Three semesters of study, prefer- 
ably in sequence, based on the investigation of the following: 351 -Organ 
Design and Tonal Evolution; 352-Organ History and Literature (A survey 
from early periods through contemporary times); 354-Church Service Play- 
ing. 2 credits per semester. 

421. Liturgy. A study of the music and its form as related to the historical 
development of the current practice of the service of the Christian churches. 
2 credits. 

462. Music Literature Seminar. A study of music literature to extend the 
student's familiarity with selected works. Application of accumulated 
knowledge of theory, music history, form, and twentieth-century music. 
Each student pursues an individual project of particular interest. 2 credits. 

Conducting Courses (Area VI) 

246. Principles of Conducting. The principles of conducting and baton 
technique. Students conduct ensembles derived from class personnel. 
2 credits. 

345. Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical work with 
instrumental groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual 
experience. 2 credits. 

347. Choral Conducting. Basic conducting techniques applied to the 
choral idiom. Rehearsal procedures, materials and specific problems of the 
choral conductor are stressed through laboratory experience. 2 credits. 

Applied Music Instruction (Area VII) 

Private instruction in the principal performance medium as required by the 
degree program is included in the base tuition charge for full-time students. 
Other private instruction elected by the student is subject to additional fees. 

110 



510. Class Piano Instruction. 1 credit. 

520. Class Voice Instruction. 1 credit. 

530. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestra I and Band 
Instruments). Piano study (private or class) is required for a minimum of 
two years. 1 credit. 

540. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestra I and Band 
Instruments). A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction 
except where required by the degree. 2 credits. 

550. Individual Instruction. Private lessons in the principal performance 
medium, as required by the degree, are included in the tuition. Private 
lessons in areas other than the principal performance medium are subject to 
extra fees. 3 credits. 

Sound Recording Technology Courses 

See page 129. 

Philosophy (PH) 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 61. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in philosophy. 

MAJOR: PH 120,220,300; at least one course from PH 301-336; 12 addi- 
tional credits in philosophy (24 credits). 

MINOR: PH 220,300; at least one course from PH 301-336; 9 additional 
credits in philosophy (18 credits). 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. Examination of major philosophical issues 
and the ways major philosophers have dealt with them. 3 credits. 

120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective think- 
ing. Attention is given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, 
and the logic of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is upon deductive logic. 
Students are introduced to the elements of symbolic logic as well as to tradi- 
tional modes of analysis. 3 credits. 

220. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of values applied to 
human conduct, with an examination of the responses of major ethical 
theories to those problems. 3 credits. 



Ill 



230. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues raised for philosophy 
by contemporary religious and theological thought. The course includes 
critical examinations of such problems as faith and reason; the meaning of 
revelation, symbolism, and language; the arguments for the existence of 
God; faith and history; religion and culture. 3 credits. 

240. American Philosophy. A survey of philosophical thought in the 
United States from the colonial period to the present, with emphasis on the 
work of Peirce, James, and Dewey. 3 credits. 

260. Ethical Issues in Organizations. An examination of ethics and values 
within the context of modem corporate organizations. The course considers 
issues pertinent to corporate responsibilty, whistle-blowing, the profit motive, 
consumerism, bribery, conflict of interest, and cost/benefit analysis. Some 
attention is given to classical ethical theories; a considerable portion of the 
course is devoted to case analysis. Prerequisite: MG 330 or PH 110 or by 
permission. 3 credits. 

300. History of Philosophy. The development of philosophical thought 
from the pre-Socratics through the nineteenth century, with emphasis on 
philosophy as a discipline of systematic inquiry. 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examination of representative 
American, British, and Continental philosophers from 1900 to the present. 
Prerequisite: PH 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

340-349. Major Authors. Intensive studies of individual great philosophers 
or principal schools. Prerequisite: PH 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

Physical Education (PE) 

The Physical Education Department is described on page 56. 

The College does not offer a major or minor in Physical Education. 

Courses in Physical Education 

102. Aerobic Exercises. A combination of exercise and dance steps in 
rhythmic movements. The course promotes the value of a total fitness pro- 
gram, including diet and weight control and heart rate monitoring. 1 credit. 

107. Badminton. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and rules of bad- 
minton. 1 credit. 

110. Basketball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and strategies of the 
game. 1 credit. 

113. Bowling. Instruction in the techniques, etiquette, history and method 
of scoring. 1 credit. 

112 



122. Fitness. Examination of varied progranrl^ for fitness, with emphasis on 
diet and weight control, cardiovascular efficiency, strength improvement, and 
flexibility training. 1 credit. 

125. Golf. Instruction in the techniques, tactics, rules and etiquette of golf. 
1 credit. 

131. Racquetball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and different forms 
of competition used in racquetball. 1 credit. 

146. Tennis. Instruction in the techniques, rules and tactics, with extensive 
practice in singles and doubles. 1 credit. 

160. Beginning Swimming. Instruction in the fundamentals of swimming. 
1 credit. 

165. Intermediate Swimming. Advanced instruction in swimming. 
1 credit. 

180. Softball and Volleyball. Instruction in the techniques and tactics of 
Softball and volleyball and varied forms of competition. 

Physics (PHY) 

The Physics Department is described on page 56. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in physics. 

MAJOR: PHY 111,112,211,311,312,321,322, plus 6 additional semester 
hours (at least 2 in experimental physics); MA 161,162, 261 and 266 or MA 
111,112,211 and 266 (43-46 credits). 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course that acquaints the student with 
some of the important concepts of physics, both classical and modem, and 
with the scientific method, its nature and its limitations. The role of physics 
in the history of thought and its relationships to other disciplines and to 
society and govemment are considered. The weekly two-hour laboratory 
period provides experience in the acquisition, representation, and analysis of 
experimental data, and demonstration of the physical phenomena with which 
the course deals. 4 credits. 

103,104. General College Physics I,II. An introduction to the fundamental 
concepts and laws of the various branches of physics, including mechanics, 
heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear structure, 
with laboratory work in each area. 4 credits per semester. 



113 



110. The Physics of Music. The study of wave motion, analysis and syn- 
thesis of waves, resonance, physical characteristics of music sounds, musical 
instruments, the reproduction and amplification of sound, and the acoustical 
properties of rooms. A working knowledge of algebra is required. 3 credits. 

111,112. Principles of Physics I, 11. An introductory course in classical 
physics, designed for students who desire a rigorous mathematical approach 
to college physics. Calculus is used throughout. The first semester is devoted 
to mechanics and heat, and the second semester to electricity, magnetism, 
and optics, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite or corequisite: 
MA 111 or 161. 4 credits per semester. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. An introduction to modem physics, in- 
cluding the foundation of atomic physics, quantum theory of radiation, the 
atomic nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with laboratory work in 
each area. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 credits. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of electrons and electronic 
devices, including diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, 
switching circuits, and integrated circuits, with laboratory work in each area. 
Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 credits. 

311,312. Analytical Mechanics 1,11. A rigorous study of classical mechan- 
ics, including the motion of a single particle, the motion of a system of par- 
ticles, and the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic motion, 
the central force problem, the Euler description of rigid body motion, and 
the Lagrange generalization of Newtonian mechanics are among the topics 
treated. Prerequisites: PHY 111 and MA 266. 3 credits per semester. 

321,322. Electricity and Magnetism I,II. Theory of the basic phenomena 
of electromagnetism together with the application of fundamental principles 
of the solving of problems. The electric and magnetic properties of matter, 
direct current circuits, altemating current circuits, the Maxwell field equa- 
tions, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the topics 
treated. Prerequisites: PHY 112 and MA 266. 3 credits per semester. 

327,328. Experimental Physics I,II. Experimental work selected from the 
area of mechanics, AC and DC electrical measurements, optics, atomic 
physics, or nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental design, measur- 
ing techniques, and analysis of data. Prerequisite: PHY 211. 1 credit per 
semester. 

350. Audio Electronics. A study of electronics as used in audio engineer- 
ing. The course examines RC and LC circuits, filters, impedance, audio fre- 
quency amplifier circuits, and basic digital theory. Laboratory work is in- 
cluded. Prerequisite: PHY 212. 3 credits. 



114 



421,422. Modern Physics I,II. A study of selected topics in modem 
physics, utilizing the methods of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equa- 
tion is solved for such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, the 
linear oscillator, and the hydrogen atom. Perturbation techniques and the 
operator formalism of quantum mechanics are introduced where appropriate. 
Prerequisites: PHY 211 and MA 266, or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. A course designed 
to acquaint the student with some of the special methods, programs, and 
problems in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. Required for 
secondary certification in physics. 1 credit. 

Political Science (PS) 

The Economics and Political Science Department is described on page 57. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in political science. 

MAJOR: PS 111,112,210,220,230 and eight additional elective courses in 
political science (one of these elective courses may be from another social 
science with the approval of the student's major advisor). 

MINOR: PS 111,112,210,220,230, and one additional elective course in 
political science. 

Courses in Political Science 

111. American National Government I. The nature of American 
democracy, constitutional foundations of American government, the federal 
system, civil rights and liberties, political behavior, political parties, and 
campaigns and elections. 3 credits. 

112. American National Government II. The structures and functions of 
American government (Presidency, Congress, courts, and bureaucracy), and 
the foreign and domestic policy making process. 3 credits. 

210. Comparative Government. A comparative study of important politi- 
cal systems of the world, including an introduction to the basic methodolo- 
gies. PS 111 and 112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods. See PSY 216. 3 credits. 

220. PoHtical Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and theories 
of government, ancient and modem, but especially since the Sixteenth Cen- 
tury. Prerequisite: PS 111 and 112. 3 credits. 



115 



230. International Politics. The origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of 
the international political pattern, with emphasis on current developments and 
changing concepts in world politics. 3 credits. 

240. Public Administration. An examination of the structures through 
which governments try to carry out their policies. The course covers both the 
practical matters of accountability and efficiency, and the analytical concerns 
of organizational theory and bureaucratic culture. 3 credits. 

250. Public Policy Analysis. This course gives students an understanding 
of the public policy process and of policy analysis at the national level of 
government. The course includes theories of policy-making as well as an ex- 
amination of such substantive policy areas as foreign, defense, subsidy, and 
redistributive policies. Prerequisites: PS 111 and 112, or permission of the 
instructor. 3 credits. 

310. Scope and Methods of Political Science. A course in the conduct 
and interpretation of research in political science. Topics include formulation 
of a research problem, research design, techniques of scaling and measure- 
ment, data collection and analysis, and writing the research report. Pre- 
requisite: permission; MA 170 is strongly recommended. 3 credits. 

312. American Foreign Policy. A survey of the external relations of the 
American government, emphasizing Twentieth Century developments. Sub- 
jects include diplomacy, military affairs, geographic and regional problems, 
trade and aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, nuclear prob- 
lems, and opposing ideologies. PS 111 and 112 strongly recommended as 
preparation. 3 credits. 

315. American Constitutional Law I. The development of American con- 
stitutional law from 1776 to 1947. Topics include judicial review, national 
supremacy, private property, contracts, commerce powers, equal rights, and 
civil liberties. 3 credits. 

316. American Constitutional Law II. The development of American 
constitutional law from 1947 to the present. Emphasis is given to civil liber- 
ties, equal rights, and rights of the accused, with some treatment of presi- 
dential powers, the commerce clause, and the contract clause. 3 credits. 

320. Electoral Politics. The dynamics of the electoral process, with em- 
phasis on presidential and congressional elections and including the role of 
parties, public opinion, and interest groups. 3 credits. 

330. State and Local Government. This course covers the governmental 
institutions and characteristics of state and local political systems and the 
major inter-governmental problems in state and local relations with the 
federal government. 3 credits. 

116 



340. The Third World. A survey of the developing nations of Latin 
America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. The political economy of 
development, in both its domestic and international dimensions emphasized. 
Prerequisites: PS 210 and 230, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

350. Select Problems. A course to give students a chance to explore in 
depth a topic of special interest. 3 credits. 

360. Modern Communism. A survey of the communist world, stressing 
the development of Marxist thought and its evolving application in the Soviet 
Union, China, and other communist states. Prerequisite: PS 210 and 230, or 
permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

415. Foundations of American Law. A historical survey of the Western 
legal tradition from classical times through the Eighteenth Century. The 
course examines conceptions of English common law and its relationship to 
the evolution of American law. Strongly recommended for pre-law students. 
Prerequisite: permission. 3 credits. 

420. Seminar in World Politics. A consideration of significant theories of 
international relations and their applicability to such selected contemporary 
issues as superpower relations, conflict resolution, arms control, and 
economic interdependence. Prerequisites: PS 230, or permission of the in- 
structor. 3 credits. 

Pre-Law Program 

Although there is no Pre-Law major or department, a Pre-Law student is ad- 
vised to take certain courses which will help prepare him or her for law 
school and a legal career. Each student should confer with the Pre-Law ad- 
visor in selecting a specific pattern of courses appropriate to that student's 
objectives. Generally recommended courses are as follows: AC 161, MA 
371,372, PS 111,112,315,316, and 415. 

Pre-Medical, Pre-Dentistry, Pre- Veterinary 

See Health Professions on page 89. 

Psychobiology (PSB) 

The major in psychobiology is offered jointly by the departments of Biology, 
described on page 33 and Psychology, described on page 58. 



117 



This cross-disciplinary major emphasizes the physiological determinants and 
consequences of behavior. Consisting of a balance of psychology and 
biology course work, the program prepares students for graduate study in 
medicine, veterinary medicine, graduate programs in psychology, animal 
behavior, physiological psychology, psychopharmacology, behavior genetics, 
and neuroscience, as well as research positions in industry, universities, 
hospitals, and government laboratories. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Science with a major in psychobiology. 

MAJOR: PSY 200,335,444 plus two from the following: PSY 120,216,236, 
431 (15 credits); BI 111,112,201,322 (16 credits); PSY 491 or BI 491, BI 
499, BI 500 or PSY 500 (8 credits); CH 111,112,113,114, MA 161, CS 
170 (14 credits); plus 8 additional credits in the sciences, in consultation 
with advisor. Recommended CH 213,214,215,216, PHY 103,104 or 111,112 
(8 credits) 61 total credits. 

Courses in Psychobiology 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of physiological explanations 
of behavior. The laboratory includes sheep eye and brain dissections, 
stereotaxic surgery, and histological examination of the brain. Prerequisite: 
PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

499. Psychobiology Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on 
selected topics in psychobiology. This course may be repeated. 1 credit. 

Psychology (PSY) 

The Psychology Department is described on page 58. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in psychology. 

MAJOR: PSY 100,120,200,216,236,343,443; and three additional courses 
from a single specialty area (30 credits). 

MINOR: PSY 100,120,200,216 and three elective courses in psychology (21 
credits). For an emphasis in clinical/counseling psychology two of the elec- 
tives should be from 332,343,431,432. For an emphasis in experimental/ 
physiological psychology two of the electives should be from 
225,236,335,346,443,444. For an emphasis in organizational psychology two 
of the electives should be from 332,335,337,339,346. For an emphasis in 
developmental psychology two of the electives should be from 
321,322,326,343. 



118 



Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. An introduction to 
psychology as a social science. The emphasis is on the interactions of the in- 
dividual and society that influence development, learning, motivation, sex- 
uality, and identity, as well as social and emotional adjustment. 3 credits. 

120. Psychology: By Experiment. This introductory course forcuses on 
psychology as a science. It emphasizes laboratory research, and includes 
topics relevant to science in general (eg. research design, experimental 
methods, data analysis and intrepretation, and scientific ethics) and content 
topics of experimental psychology (eg. sensory and perceptual processes, 
learning and memory, psychological testing, and social behaviors). 3 credits. 

200. Advanced General Psychology. A survey course examining the rela- 
tionship between research and theory in the field of psychology. The course 
is intended to give the student an overview of all areas of specialization 
within psychology. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of 
behavioral research emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used 
in experiments and correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 100 
or 120. 3 credits. 

220. Educational Psychology. Studies of cognitive, behavioral, emotional 
and social processes in the school; required for certification in elementary 
and music education. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

235. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. This course focuses on the struc- 
tures and functions of sensory systems. It utilizes the visual system as a 
model to delineate information processing strategy differences in the eye, the 
optic nerve, and the brain. The course will delineate sensory from perceptual 
processes. The perception of color, space, movement, objects, and patterns 
will be discussed from experimental, physiological, and philosophical 
perspecfives. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

236. Learning and Memory. This course will survey psychological 
research on learning and memory. Topic areas covered will include classical 
and instrumental conditioning, verbal learning, problem solving, basic 
memory processes, and models of learning and memory. Prerequisite: PSY 
100 or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

237. Laboratory Investigations I: Research Investigations of 
Psychological Phenomena. This course involves hands-on empirical in- 
vestigations in psychology. Students design and conduct individual research 
projects. Prerequisite: permission. 1-3 credits. 



119 



238. Laboratory Investigations 11: Research Investigations of 
Psychological Phenomena. This course involves hands-on empirical in- 
vestigations in psychology. Students design and conduct individual research 
projects. Prerequisite: permission. 1-3 credits. 

321. Psychology of Child Development. A study of the patterns of 
cognitive, social and emotional developmental changes occuring during 
childhood. Special attention is given to research studies, developmental 
mechanisms and theories of development. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 
3 credits. 

322. Psychology of Adolescent Development. A study of the psychological 
characteristics and changes occuring during adolescence. Topics include 
psychological development, social influences, cognitive and intellectual 
development, emotional development, identity and self-concept, sexual 
development, values, and transition to adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 
120. 3 credits. 

326. Psychology of Adult Development. A study of research literature and 
theories concerned with psychological change in the adult, from late adoles- 
cence to death. The course includes the works of such theorists as Maslow 
and Erikson. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. An introduction to the prin- 
ciples of psychological measurement, methods of test design and construc- 
tion, and applications and interpretations of existing psychological tests. 
Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. A survey of experimental designs 
utilized in psychological investigations. Designs include factorial experi- 
ments, field studies, correlative designs and multivariate techniques. The 
primary readings are selected from current research in clinical, educational, 
organizational, and laboratory settings. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120, 216 
or permission. 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. A study of psychological principles as 
applied to problems of organizational behavior, with emphasis on personnel 
selection, human engineering, group dynamics, systems design, training, 
leadership, and performance evaluation. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 
3 credits. 

339. Career Counseling. The course surveys assessment of skills and 
competencies, occupational research, decision-making, and job search 
strategies. Students are encouraged to apply the theories of career counseling 
to their own vocational decisions and goals. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 or 
permission. 3 credits. 



120 



343. Personality. A study of the major theories of personality, with em- 
phasis on psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, behaviorism, social learn- 
ing, and trait theory. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior stand- 
ing, or permission. 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. A study of the inter- and intra-personal relation- 
ships between individuals and groups, with emphasis on theories and re- 
search studies. The topics covered may include attitude development and 
change, conformity, persuasion, person perception, attribution, attraction, 
and group processes. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior stand- 
ing, or permission. 3 credits. 

348. Investigations of Social Psychological Processes. Laboratory exer- 
cises and demonstrations of social psychological phenomena, as well as in- 
dependent and group research projects, are included. Prerequisite: PSY 100 
or 120; PSY 216 highly recommended. Co-requisite: PSY 346. 1 credit. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. A study of mental, emotional 
and behavioral problems, including alcohol and drug abuse, brain disorders, 
criminal and psychopathic behavior, neuroses, psychophysiological reactions, 
psychoses, sexual deviations, subnormal intelligence, and suicide. Prerequi- 
sites: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. A study of the ways psycholo- 
gists assist persons and groups. Particular attention is given to assessment, 
individual and group therapy, marriage and family counseling, and community 
psychology. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; PSY 431 or nursing training 
with psychiatric affiliation, or permission. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. A study of the history of psychology including 
philosophical concepts, early schools of psychology, important trends, and 
famous psychologists. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 120, 236; junior or senior 
standing; or permission. 3 credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological underpinnings of 
behavioral processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, sen- 
sation and perception, learning and memory, sleep, and motivation and emo- 
tion. The laboratory portion of the course includes sheep brain dissection, 
rodent stereotaxic neurosurgery, and behavioral observation. Prerequisite: 
PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

Recording Technology 

See Sound Recording Technology on page 129. 



121 



Religion (RE) 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 61. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in religion. 

MAJOR: RE 110,111,112,222,331,499; one from 202,211,212; three elec- 
tive courses in religion including GK 321,431 (30 credits). The following 
courses, though recommended, are not required for a major in religion: BI 
101; GK 101,102,111,112; PH 110,230; PSY 100; SOC 110,230. Christian 
Education Concentration: RE 110,111,112,120,211,202 or 212,222,241,242, 
243,331, 3 credits of 400 (36 credits). Other courses in areas such as com- 
munication, education, and the social sciences are strongly recommended in 
consultation with the program advisor. 

MINOR: RE 110,111 or 112,120 or 140,222, two elective courses in 
religion (18 credits). 

Courses in Religion 

110. Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the many dimensions of 
religion as a central human experience through an examination of such topics 
as: varieties of religious experience and expression, religious knowledge, the 
self and meaning, religion in its sociocultural context, religion and the 
natural order, and such universal issues as death, the End, evil, suffering, 
and the moral order. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Religion. An examination of some of the 
basic themes of biblical religion in relation to their historical context and 
their contemporary implications. 3 credits. 

112. Introduction to Christianity. A study of the rise and development of 
the major forms of Christianity (Roman Catholic, Eastem Orthodox, Protes- 
tant) in Europe and America, including doctrine and theological expression, 
ethics, worship, church structure, and relationship to culture. 3 credits. 

120. Religion in America. A study of the origin and development of 
religious expression in America, with particular attention to Protestantism, 
Roman Catholicism, and Judaism. 3 credits. 

140. World Religions. An examination of the rise and development of 
religion with a study of the ideas and cultic and ethical practices of the great 
world faiths. Special attention given to Asian religions. 3 credits. 

202. The Prophets. A study of the lives and writings of the Old Testament 
prophets and an analysis of their contributions to Hebrew-Christian religious 
thought. 3 credits. 



122 



206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An examination of archae- 
ology in biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and contributions to history, 
culture, and religion. 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive study of the life and 
message of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, writings, and 
theological thought of Paul and their relationship to the practices, problems, 
and beliefs of the early Church. 3 credits. 

222. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the implications of the 
Christian faith, both for personal moral decision and for social policy in such 
areas as marriage and family, government and political life, work and the 
economic order. 3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected 
American denominations and sects and of the theological implications of 
secular folklore. Emphasis will be placed on field work as well as on 
analysis. 3 credits. 

241. Principles of Christian Education. A study of the overall structure 
and meaning of Christian education, including education as ministry, history 
of religious education, theoretical approaches, the impact of other disciplines 
(sociology, psychology, education), developmental theories, the role of Bible 
and theology, and contemporary concerns and expressions of Christian 
education. 3 credits. 

242. Methods of Christian Education. A study of elements involved in 
the implementation of a program of Christian education in the local parish, 
including planning, evaluation, leader development, teaching and learning, 
resources, skills, and work in the age levels. 3 credits. 

243. Selected Problems in Christian Education. A study of such impor- 
tant themes and issues in Christian education, as theology and education, 
conversion and nurture, indoctrination and reflection, developmental models 
and theological teachings, content-centered or student-centered approach, and 
the role of the professional. 3 credits. 

331. Christian Tradition and Reform, A study of the major and continu- 
ing strains in the history of Christianity and the principal reform movements. 
Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological 
students. 3 credits. 



123 



332. The Sacred in Modern Writing. Identification, analysis, and inter- 
pretation of issues of special theological import raised by thinkers repre- 
senting non-theological disciplines. Prerequisite: RE 110 or permission. 
3 credits. 

403. Classical Christian Thinkers. An intensive study of the thought of 
such classical religious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and others. 
3 credits. 

499. Seminar: Selected Religious Problems. A study of selected problems 
arising from recent theological efforts. Research methodology is stressed. 
Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological 
students; others by permission. Prerequisite: RE 111 and 112. 3 credits. 

Secondary Education (Teacher Certification) (SE) 

The Education Department is described on page 38. 

There is no separate major for those interested in secondary education. 
Interested students major in a subject area and also enroll for courses in the 
Education Department. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree in the chosen 
major. 

Secondary Teacher Certification: Candidates must complete 21 credits in 
professional education courses and the approved program in the chosen 
major. ED 1 10 should be taken in the sophomore year and SE 430 in the 
junior year. SE 420 and 440 comprise the student teaching semester of the 
senior or postgraduate year. 

The minor in education is described on page 77. 

Courses in Secondary Education 

280. Field Practicum in the Secondary School. Supervised field experi- 
ences in appropriate school settings. Designed to offer practical experiences 
for prospective secondary teachers or students planning an educational 
ministry. Prerequisites: Permission. 1-3 credits. 

420. Human Growth and Development. A survey of human character- 
istics, research in developmental psychology and their implications for 
teaching and learning. Prerequisite: ED 110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. A study of the basic principles and pro- 
cedures for secondary classroom management and instruction. Prerequisite: 
ED 110. 3 credits. 



124 



431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. A study of curricular pat- 
terns for areas within the social studies. Students will prepare instructional 
objectives, select and organize subject matter, investigate a variety of learn- 
ing activities and strategies for developing inquiry skills, decision-making 
ability and values. 1 - 2 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Students spend an entire semester in an ap- 
propriate area school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperat- 
ing teacher. Open to seniors only. Requirements are: (1) a grade point 
average of at least 2.0 in the major field; (2) completion of all courses re- 
quired of the major for student teaching; (3) completion of professional 
education courses required for student teaching; (4) approval of the major 
advisor and of the director of secondary student teaching. Prerequisites: ED 
110, 430. ED 420 is normally taken concurrently. 3-12 credits. 

Social Work (SW) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 62. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Social Work. 

MAJOR: SO 110,311; SW 262,272,331,341 or 342,499; 9 credits of SW 
400; 4 additional courses in sociology or social work (42 credits). 

MINOR: SO 110, SW 262,272,331,341; 6 credits of SW 400; one course 
from SO 210,230,261,278,324,331,333,351,362,372, SW 272,345,499. 
Students majoring in sociology shall elect SW 499 and one course in 
sociology in addition to their major requirements (24 credits). 

Courses in Social Work 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare policies and institu- 
tions including the evolution of the welfare system in our society and its ap- 
proach to social problems. Focuses upon controversies relevant to public 
welfare. Prerequisite: SO 110. 3 credits. 

272. Human Behavior in the Social Environment. An examination of the 
interrelation of biological, psychological and sociocultural systems and their 
effects on human development and behavior. A life span perspective is used 
to develop an understanding of the total person as he/she functions in rela- 
tion to his/her environment at each stage in the developmental process. The 
impact of diversity in ethnic background, race, class, sexual orientation and 
culture in a pluralisdc society will also be addressed. Prerequisite: SO 110. 
3 credits. 



125 



331. Social Work Theory. A consideration of the theories that underlie 
social work intervention, introducing the social systems perspective with 
emphasis on the social work profession's knowledge base, values and skills. 
Prerequisite: SW 262. 3 credits. 

341. Social Work Practice I. An examination of the knowledge, attitudes 
and skills required for social work practice with emphasis on social casework 
and group work dynamics. Prerequisite: SW 331. 3 credits 

342. Social Work Practice II. An examination of the knowledge, 
attitudes, and skills required for social work practice with emphasis on 
modem organizations, administration, and communities issues. Prerequisite: 
SW 331. 3 credits. 

345. Family Therapy. An introduction to family and small group interven- 
tion focusing upon the family as a system, group structure and dynamics, 
and theories and techniques of intervention. Prerequisite: SO 230 and SW 
341 or permission. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. Detailed study of a selected social work area. Topics may 
vary. This course is conducted as a seminar requiring extensive student par- 
ticipation. Prerequisite: SW 341 or 342. 3 credits. 

Sociology (SO) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 62. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in sociology. 

MAJOR: SO 110,311,421,499, 15 additional credits in sociology (27 
credits). 

MINOR: SO 110,311,421; one course from SO 210,278,324, or 331; one 
course from SO 211,230,261,322,333,340,351,362,372,382; one elective 
course in sociology (18 credits). 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A study of the basic sociological perspec- 
tive including the nature of society, the influence of culture, the development 
of the self, and group dynamics. Specific topics include deviance and social 
control, the family and other institutions, racism, sexism and poverty. 
3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Anthropology. Introduction to both physical and 
cultural anthropology including human evolution, human variation, and 
cross-cultural analysis, and comparison. 3 credits. 



126 



210. Social Problems. Contemporary social problems as seen through dif- 
ferent analytical perspectives. Problems covered include war and peace, 
pollution and environmental exploitation, crime and delinquency, and emo- 
tional and physical illness. Prerequisite: SO 110 or GE 140, or HC 202. 

3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An analysis of the city as a unique form of social 
organization. From a multi-disciplinary perspective, the course presents the 
nature of urbanization and the impact of urbanism on contemporary society. 
Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

230. Sociology of Marriage and the Family. An overview of marriage 
and the family focusing upon love, mate selection, alternative life styles, 
marital communication, conflict resolution, parenting, divorce and widow- 
hood. Utilizes a historical and cross-cultural perspective in addition to 
sociological analysis. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 
3 credits. 

261. The Aged and Aging. An investigation of the process of aging and 
contemporary issues related to the elderly. Topics covered include 
Alzheimer's disease, retirement, stereotypes of the elderly and contributions 
of the elderly to society. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 
3 credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. An examination of the causes and effects of 
juvenile delinquency, the juvenile justice system and treatment programs for 
the juvenile offender. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 
3 credits. 

311. Research Methods. A study of the basic concepts and skills involved 
in critically evaluating and carrying out social scientific research. Topics in- 
clude values and ethics of research on human behavior, research design, in- 
terviewing and questionnaire construction. Prerequisite: SO 110, junior 
standing or permission. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structure and functions of religious 
organizations and phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious 
expression in America. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 
3 credits. 



127 



324. Medical Sociology. An examination of the societal bases of health, 
illness and health care. The course will include an examination of the three 
components of medicine: the patient, the medical professional and the health 
care organization. Specific topics will include: the role of the patient; doctor- 
patient relationships; the socialization of medical professionals; the hospital 
as a complex organization, cross-cultural comparisons of health care and cur- 
rent topics of concern such as the AIDS epidemic, new technologies, and 
social response to the terminally ill patient. 3 credits. 

331. Criminology. An examination of the causes of crime. Special atten- 
tion is given to violent crime, homicide, and rape. In addition, such property 
crimes as arson, robbery, burglary and shoplifting are covered. The question 
of whether or not such victimless crimes such as pornography, prostitution 
and drug use should be considered crimes is explored. Prerequisite: SO 110, 
or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

333. Criminal Justice. A sociological, historical, and philosophical 
examination of punishment and the criminal justice system. Rights of the 
accused, victimology, prisons, and the death penalty are studied. Prereq- 
uisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

340. Group Structure and Dynamics. An overview of the theory and 
research on small group organization and process including issues related to 
leadership, effective communication in groups, conformity and influence. 
Application of basic principles to practical situations. Exercises designed to 
improve group leadership and participation skills. Prerequisite: SO 1 10, or 
GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

351. Death and Dying. Exploration of the basic legal, medical, ethical and 
social issues related to contemporary understanding of death and dying. 
Examines the stages of dying, the grief process, euthanasia, suicide, the 
hospice movement and life after death. Prerequisite: SO 1 10, or GE 140, or 
HC 202. 3 credits. 

362. Social Inequality. An examination of the patterns of structured in- 
equality in American society, including the class system and racial and 
ethnic groups. Prerequisite: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 

372. Substance Abuse. An examination of the problems associated with 
substance abuse including a study of the prevalent myths concerning 
substance abuse, an exploration of the causes of substance abuse and an 
exploration of how it affects the individual, the family and society as a 
whole. In addition, the course will examine current methods of intervention 
and treatment. Prerequisites: SO 110, or GE 140, or HC 202. 3 credits. 



128 



382. Sociology of the Mass Media. Seminar on how society shapes the 
mass media and the effects of the mass media on individuals and society. 
Topics include propaganda, television violence and aggression, and advertis- 
ing. Special attention is given to values and images portrayed by the mass 
media. Prerequisite: 6 credits in sociology or permission. 3 credits. 

421. Social Theory. An intensive examination of the major sociological 
theorists and movements. Prerequisite: 12 credits in sociology. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in contem- 
porary sociology. Topics may vary. This course is conducted as a seminar 
requiring extensive student participation. Prerequisite: SO 421. 3 credits. 

Sound Recording Technology 

The Music Department is described on page 51. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Music with a major in sound recording technology. 

MAJOR REQUIREMENTS 

Bachelor of Music: Sound Recording Technology 

Recording Technology 

SRT 277 Recording Technology I 3 

SRT 278 Recording Technology II 3 

SRT 377 Recording Technology III 3 

SRT 386 Recital Recording Program 1 

SRT 388 Audio Topics Practicum 3 

SRT 487 Advanced Audio Topics Practicum 3 

SRT 400 Internship 3-6 

Physics (also fills Area 6 requirement) 

PHY 103 General College Physics I 4 

PHY 104 General College Physics II 4 

PHY 110 Physics of Music 3 

PHY 212 Electronics 3 

PHY 350 Audio Electronics 3 

Music 

2 

2 

2 

2 

1 

.5 

2 

2 

129 



MU 115 


Harmony I 


MU 116 


Harmony II 


MU 117 


Ear Training/Sight Singing I 


MU 118 


Ear Training/Sight Singing II 


MU 123 


Brass I 


MU 127 


Percussion I 


MU 215 


Harmony III 


MU 217 


Basic Concepts 



MU226 


Form and Analysis I 


2 


MU 228 


Percussion II 


< 


MU231 


Woodwinds I 


1 


MU 246 


Principles of Conducting 


2 


MU 337 


String I 


1 


MU 345** 


Instrumental Conducting 


2 


MU 347** 


Choral Conducting 


2 


MU416 


Orchestration 


2 


MU 510 


Piano Class (3 semesters) 


3 


MU 520 


Voice Class (2 semesters) 


2 


MU 530 


Private Lesson (8 semesters) 


8 


MU605 


College Chorus (8 semesters) 




MU 6-- 


Performing Ensembles (8 semesters) 




Management 






AC 161 


Financial Accounting 


3 


MG330 


Principles of Management and 






Organization 


3 


Computer Science 






CS — 




3 


CS — 




3 


cs — 




3 



Mathematics (also fills Area 3 requirement) 

MA -- 3 

**Students may choose either MU 345 or MU 347. 

Courses in Sound Recording Technology 

277. Recording Technology I. An introduction to the fundamentals of 
sound recording technology. Topics include sound and listening, the basic 
audio chain, microphones, analog tape machines, basic mixers, and equip- 
ment interface. Mastery of the fundamentals will facilitate students to 
engineer simple and multi-microphone two-track stereo recordings. Pre- 
requisite for non-majors: permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

278. Recording Technology II. This course begins with multi-track con- 
soles and tape machines, and continues study of multi-track techniques and 
mixdown, microphone placement, reverberation, equalization, compressors 
and expanders, noise reduction, and the decibel. Emphasis is on critical 
listening and practical applications. Students learn to engineer a multi- 
microphone, multi-track recordings and mixdown sessions. Prerequisite: SRT 
277. 3 credits. 

130 



377. Recording Technology III. This course examines advanced tech- 
niques of recording and mixing, special effects and digital effects processors, 
and analog tape machine theory and alignment. Also studied are digital 
technologies, and time code usage. Mastery of these topics will facilitate 
students to engineer multi-microphone multi-track productions. Prerequisite: 
SRT 278. 3 credits. 

386. Recital Recording Practicum. Students record a chamber music per- 
formance, applying researched techniques, and produce a recording com- 
parable to commercial release standards. Prerequisite: SRT 377. 1 credit. 

388. Audio Topics Practicum. Students study topics of individual interest, 
ranging from research to production, technique, and maintenance. Pre- 
requisite: SRT 377; non-majors require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. The student works in a local recording, broadcasting, or 
production facility, learning special techniques in a professional environment. 
Prerequisites: SRT 388 and SRT 487; non-majors require permission of in- 
structor. 3-6 credits. 

487. Advanced Audio Topics Practicum. Students study senior level 
topics of individual interest including advanced research, applications, and 
production. Prerequisite: SRT 377; non-majors require permission of instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 

Spanish (SP) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 41. 

DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts with a major in Spanish. 

MAJOR: 24 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level; FL 250 (27 
credits). For teaching certification, FL 440 is required. 

MINOR: 18 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level. Courses in ad- 
vanced conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly 
recommended. 

Courses in Spanish 

101,102. Elementary Spanish I,II. Introductory courses in Spanish. 
3 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Spanish I, II. A review of Spanish 
grammar, and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: SP 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 



131 



311. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Practice in the careful reading 
of literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: SP 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living Spanish 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer 
to current problems. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture and language, with 
emphasis on the culture as found in modem Spain and its reflection in 
America. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in 
spoken and written Spanish on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, 
with emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: SP 
202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business Spanish. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: SP 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study 
of the outstanding works of the period. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or per- 
mission. 3 credits. 

420. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study of the major works 
of the period. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Spanish Literature and the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. 

Readings from the Enlightenment in Spain, and an examination of the major 
works of romanticism and realism. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

440. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the 
literary movements of the century, starting with the Generation '98 and 
modernism. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Spanish-American Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of 
the important writers of the century, with emphasis on recent developments 
in the literature of Spanish- America. Prerequisite: SP 311 or 316 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

Teacher Certification 

See Elementary Education on page 78 or Secondary Education on page 124. 



132 



Graduate Academic Programs 

MBA Program 

The Lebanon Valley College MBA Program is an interdisciplinary program 
designed to prepare graduates for managerial responsibilities at various levels 
of business organizations. The program provides a strong theoretical founda- 
tion as well as operational expertise in the areas of finance, management, 
marketing, human resource management and production and service 
management. 

The MBA Program at Lebanon Valley College is a unique program that 
combines liberal arts/general education coursework with career preparation in 
the field of business administration. The interdisciplinary nature of the cur- 
riculum includes standard MBA courses and courses in Corporate and Exec- 
utive Communications, Executive Leadership and Organizational Ethics. 

Every MBA candidate must complete 27 credits of core courses and 9 
credits of electives. All courses in the undergraduate common body of 
knowledge also must be completed successfully. 

MBA Faculty 

Sharon F. Clark, Graduate Associate Professor of Business Law and Labor 
Relations. Dr. Clark holds a bachelor degree and a juris doctorate degree 
from the University of Richmond. She has several years experience in 
private law practice and several years as a Supervisory Tax Attorney with 
the Internal Revenue Service. Dr. Clark teaches corporate income tax and a 
variety of management courses including Personnel Management, Business 
Law, Labor and Industrial Relations, and Hotel Law. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, Graduate Adjunct Assistant Professor of Marketing. 
MBA, Columbia University. Mr. Eshleman is a manager for New Product 
Development for Hershey Foods. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, Graduate Professor of Quantitative Studies. Ph.D., 
Washington State University. An associate of the Society of Actuaries, he 
has many contacts within the Actuarial Profession. Dr. Hearsey is interested 
in approaches to providing mathematics education to the liberal arts student 
not majoring in mathematical sciences, and teacher education as well as ac- 
tuarial science. He teaches upper level actuarial science courses and a broad 
range of mathematics courses. 



133 



Edward H. Krebs, Graduate Assistant Professor of Managerial Economics 
and Entrepreneurship. Ph.D., Michigan State University. He previously serv- 
ed as an Economic Assistant to the Secretary of Agriculture and as a private 
consultant. His interests are in environmental and resource economics. 

David Lasky, Graduate Professor of Organizational Behavior. Chairperson. 
Ph.D., Temple University. Organizational behavior, research design, and 
career counseling are the focus of his teaching interests. His current research 
is in the area of organizational change in the public sector and patients' 
rights. 

Robert W. Leonard, Graduate Assistant Professor of Management. 
M.B.A., Ohio State University. Mr. Leonard teaches Managerial Finance, 
Principles of Management, Productions Operations Management, Organiza- 
tional Behavior and Development, and Labor and Industrial Relations. 

Leon E. Markowicz, Graduate Professor of Communications and Leadership 
Studies. Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. He teaches courses in the 
Leadership Studies Program and assists in developing and coordinating 
Leadership internships. He serves local business as communications 
consultant. 

Daniel B. McKinley, Graduate Assistant Professor of Leadership. M.A., 
University of Maryland. M.A.L.S., Wesley an University. Mr. McKinley 
maintains an interest in small group development and offers leadership labs 
for communication skills development. 

Gail Sanderson, Graduate Assistant Professor of Managerial Accounting. 
M.B.A., Boston University; CPA. Ms. Sanderson has professional ex- 
perience in accounting (public and private sectors); income tax; computer 
systems analysis and design. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, Graduate Associate Professor of Organizational 
Ethics. M.A., University of Texas. His teaching specialties are philosophical 
ethics and business and organizational ethics. He has a particular interest in 
the ethical implications of the Holocaust, and has recently contributed a 
chapter for a forthcoming anthology devoted to philosophy and the 
Holocaust. 

MBA Admissions 

All candidates must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or 
university. 

All candidates must submit a completed application form with the required 
application fee. They must take a GMAT examination and have the official 

134 



test results sent to the Continuing Education Center. They must ask two 
supervisors at their place of employment to complete and forward confiden- 
tially to the Continuing Education Center evaluation and recommendation 
forms. Official transcripts of all undergraduate work and any graduate 
courses to be considered for transfer must be sent by the respective colleges 
or universities to the Continuing Education Center. 

All candidates are required to visit the campus for a personal interview prior 
to admission. 

Graduate admissions are on a rolling basis; action will be taken quickly after 
all paperwork has been processed. Candidates must confirm their acceptance 
in writing within 30 days of the date of the admissions letter. 

MBA ACADEMIC POLICIES 

ACADEMIC ADVISING AND REGISTRATION 

MBA students should meet with the MBA Academic Advisor as soon as 
possible after being accepted into the graduate program. The advisor will 
develop graduation plans with the student. All course registrations require the 
MBA advisor's signature. 

VETERAN REGISTRATION 

The College meets all of the criteria of Veterans Education under the provi- 
sions of Title 38, United States Code, Section 1775. The MBA program has 
been approved for payment assistance. Veterans pay the cost of tuition, fees, 
books and supplies directly to the College. They are reimbursed by the 
Veterans Administration on a monthly basis. Applicants having any questions 
concerning their veteran's benefits should contact the College's veterans 
representative in the Registrar's Office. 

GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS 

A candidate for the MBA must complete a minimum of 36 credits, of which 
30 must be earned at Lebanon Valley College. There are nine required core 
courses (27 credits) and any three electives of the student's choice (9 credits) 
for a total of 36 credits. A candidate must achieve at least a 3.0 cumulative 
average with only one C within the 36 graduate credits to be certified for 
graduation. 



135 



TRANSFER CREDIT 

A maximum of six credits may be transferred from another accredited 
graduate program with the approval of the Director of Continuing Education. 
No transfer credit shall be accepted if the grade eamed at another institution 
was less than B. Students wishing to transfer credits may be asked to submit 
course outlines, textbook used, and any reading materials so proper credit 
may be given. 

CONCURRENT COURSES 

A student enrolled for the MBA degree may not take courses concurrently at 
any other educational institution without prior consent of the MBA Academic 
Advisor and the Registrar. 

GRADING 

Student achievement is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior 
work), C (minimum passing grade, but unsatisfactory work), F (course re- 
quirements not met). No MBA courses may be taken pass/fail. A cumulative 
grade point average of 3.0 (4.0 = A) with only one C within the 36 
graduate credits is required for graduation. Graduate courses are not graded 
plus or minus. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I and W also are used. I in- 
dicates that student work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by 
the student for substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor and 
the Registrar), but otherwise satisfactory. The work must be completed 
within the first eight weeks of the following semester including summer 
semesters or the I automatically becomes an F. W indicates withdrawal from 
a course. 

REVIEW PROCEDURE 

Every student's academic progress shall be reviewed at the end of each 
academic period by the MBA Academic Advisor. Any student whose 
average falls below 3.0 or who earns a C or F in three or more credit hours 
may be placed on academic probation. A student on academic probation may 
be required to retake courses or correct other academic deficiencies. Students 
who fail to correct deficiencies may be dropped from the program. A student 
may appeal any decision of the Director of Continuing Education to the 
MBA Operations Committee. 



136 



COURSE WITHDRAWAL AND TUITION REFUND 

Any student who withdraws from courses for which he or she is registered 
must notify the Director of Continuing Education and the Registrar in 
writing. The effective date of withdrawal is the date on which the student 
notifies these offices. Failure to give notice of withdrawal will result in a 
grade of F. 

Tuition charges shall be refunded for withdrawals according to the following 
schedule: 

Fall & Spring Semesters 

During the first week of classes: 100% 

During the second week of classes: 80% 

During the third week of classes; 50% 

After the third week of classes: 0% 

Summer School 

During the first week of classes: 100% 

During the second week of classes: 50% 

After the second week of classes: 0% 

A student who is absent from college because of sickness or any other rea- 
son and who retains his place in class pays in full during his or her absence. 

TIME RESTRICTION 

The maximum time for completion of the MBA program is seven years from 
the date of the admission letter. Students who have not earned the graduate 
degree during this period shall have their academic standing reviewed and 
may be asked to meet additional requirements in order to graduate. 

ACADEMIC DISHONESTY 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. 
Academic dishonesty shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, failure in the course is mandatory 
and the faculty member is required to inform the Director of Continuing 
Education in writing. A letter of warning shall be sent to the student by the 
Director of Continuing Education explaining the consequences and the right 
of appeal. 

For the second offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the MBA 
program and College are mandatory and without appeal. 



137 



ADDRESS CHANGES 

Any change of address must be reported to the Continuing Education Center 
as soon as possible. A forwarding address should also be given to the Postal 
Service. 

PRIVACY OF STUDENT RECORDS 

In accordance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 
(P.L. 39-380) Lebanon Valley College releases no student education records 
without written consent and request of the student or as prescribed by the 
law. Each student has access to his or her education records with exclusions 
only as specified by the law. 

FINANCIAL AID 

Students may participate in the Guaranteed Student Loan Program, a low, 
simple-interest loan that is available from most lending institutions. A stu- 
dent can borrow up to $3,750 as a half-time graduate student, which implies 
three credit hours. The loan is interest-free while attending college and 
payments do not become due until six months after graduation or enrollment 
as less than a half-time student. 

Graduate students should contact the Financial Aid Office at 717-867-6181 
to discuss alternative financial aid programs. 

EMPLOYEE TUITION REIMBURSEMENT 

Students are encouraged to inquire about tuition remission programs at their 
places of employment. Most employers of current students provide education 
subsidies of 50-100% of tuition. Students must pay 50% of tuition costs plus 
comprehensive fee at the time of registration. 

WITHDRAWAL FROM PROGRAM 
AND COLLEGE AND READMISSION 

To withdraw from Lebanon Valley College, an MBA student must complete 
an official withdrawal form obtained from the MBA Academic Advisor. To 
apply for readmission, an MBA student must have the written approval of 
the Director of Continuing Education. 



138 



Graduate Degree Requirements and Course Descriptions 

Degree: MBA 

Requirements: 

Undergraduate Core (Common body of knowledge): AC 151 or 161, AC 
152 or 162; EC 110, 120; MA 111 or 150 or 160 or 161, 170 or 270; MG 
222, 233 or CS 170, 330, 340, 361, 460. 

Graduate Core: GM 800, 805, 810, 815, 820, 825 830, 835, 895 (27 
credits) and three of the following GM 850, 855, 860, 865, 870, 875, 880, 
885 (9 credits). Total of 36 credits. 

MBA Courses 

800. Quantitative Analysis. A survey of management science. Topics in- 
clude linear programming, transportation and assignment problems, decision 
and network analysis, stochastic processes, queueing, and simulation. 
Includes an introduction to appropriate computer software. 3 credits. 

805. Financial Policy. A quantitative approach to managerial problems of 
long term financing, asset management, dividend policy, and ethics in the 
firm and marketplace. Emphasis placed on the application of experience to 
class discussion based on the use of the Wall Street Journal. Required 
presentation of a current topic. 3 credits. 

810. Organizational Behavior. Systematic presentation of theory and 
research in areas of organizational behavior; including motivation, group 
dynamics, leadership, decision-making, organization-change, career planning, 
and communication. 3 credits. 

815. Marketing Management. Seminar focusing on issues arising from the 
interplay between marketing and society. Examples include ethics of selling, 
advertising, marketing research and the social responsibility of marketers. 
Governmental intervention and regulations are analyzed. 3 credits. 

820. Production and Service Management. The production and service 
functions cast in the systems framework, recognizing relationships among 
various components of the organization. Specific problems in analysis plan- 
ning, design and control of operations, processes services, and human 
resources are examined. Models surveyed include process planning, product 
planning, scheduling and control. 3 credits. 



139 



825. Executive Communications. Organizational communications skills. 
Emphasis on writing, speaking, and interpersonal communication. Informa- 
tion sharing at group and organizational levels. 3 credits. 

830. Corporate and Organizational Ethics. The ethical assumptions and 
implications of corporate and organizational policies and practices. Intensive 
readings in the literature of both theoretical and applied ethics. Case-study 
analyses. Topics include: corporate and organizational social and political 
responsibility, ethics and business, ethics and organizational life, governmen- 
tal relations, and social auditing. 3 credits. 

835. Executive Leadership. Theories and concepts of leadership. Ex- 
amination of the forces in the leader-follower interaction. Analysis of the 
skills, behaviors, attitudes, and values of effective and ethical leaders and 
followers. Application of concepts, information, and experience to case 
studies. 3 credits. 

850. Human Resource Management. A survey of personnel management 
activities in organizations including exploration of recent developments in the 
field of human resource management. Topics include human resource plan- 
ning, recruitment, selection, training, equal employment opportunity, per- 
formance appraisal, discipline, career planning, compensation, safety and 
health. Instruction method includes case study, readings and classroom lec- 
ture. 3 credits. 

855. Legal Environment of Business. Legal concepts and principles im- 
portant to business decision making including employment law, labor- 
management relations and relevant legislation, tax consequences of business 
transactions, government regulation, contract law and application of the 
Uniform Commercial Code to business transactions. Case study, readings 
and classroom lecture. 3 credits. 

860. International Business Management. Theories, concepts, practices 
and techniques of conducting business in foreign countries. The strategic 
issues, the operational practices, and the governmental relations of multi- 
national companies are analyzed through use of case study, lecture and 
speakers. Topics include: economic, political and cultural integration; trade 
restrictions and barriers; overseas investment and financing; entry into 
foreign markets and marketing strategies. 3 credits. 

865. Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, small business, 
and acquisitions. Special attention to sources of funding, and the role of 
govemment in the development of new enterprises. 3 credits. 



140 



870. Labor Management Relations. Labor Management Relations is 
directed primarily to the understanding of the issues and alternatives arising 
out of the work place. The course provides both an overview of what has 
been identified as industrial relations as well as familiarity with the tools 
used by its practitioners. Also it will review closely some of the more in- 
teresting and developing areas of the subject matter. Students will study 
negotiation, administration, wage/fringe issues and contents of labor 
agreements. 3 credits. 

875. Managerial Accounting. This course provides students previously ex- 
posed to basic financial and managerial accounting principles with an oppor- 
tunity to study the structure and use accounting systems designed to aid 
management in controlling costs and profits. The course stresses the follow- 
ing: financial statement analysis, sources and uses of funds analysis, tax im- 
plications on managerial decisions, responsibility accounting and the impact 
of inflation. 3 credits. 

880. Investments and Portfolio Management. This course will acquaint 
the student with the tools essential for sound money management. Investment 
management begins by considering the goals of the investor with respect to 
risk exposure, tax environment, liquidity needs and appreciation versus in- 
come potentials. Strategies will be developed to satisfy these objectives. 
Mathematical models of portfolio selection to help reduce risk through diver- 
sification will be developed. Special attention will be paid to the theories of 
determinants of asset prices, including the capital-asset pricing model. 
3 credits. 

885. Managerial Economics. This course focuses on economic planning 
and decision-making in the firm. The study of actual problems is provided 
by means of case analysis and independent study. 3 credits. 

895. Business Policy. The strategic management of large business entities, 
including the formulation and evaluation of missions, strategies, objectives 
and policies. Historical and current situations are discussed. Cases are used 
and outside research is required. Prerequisite: 24 hours of graduate credit. 
3 credits. 



141 



DIRECTORY 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES - 
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Officers 

THOMAS C. REINHART Chairperson 

ELAINE G. HACKMAN Vice-Chairperson 

JOHN R. EBY Vice-Chairperson 

EDWARD H. ARNOLD Vice-Chairperson 

HARRY B. YOST Secretary 

MARY N. ESHLEMAN Assistant Secretary 

E. PETER STRICKLER Treasurer 
HARLAN R. WENGERT Assistant Treasurer 
ALLAN W. MUND Chairperson Emeritus 

F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, JR. Chairperson Emeritus 
ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER Chairperson Emerita 

Trustees 

EDWARD H. ARNOLD, B.S., L.H.D.; President, Arnold Industries; 

Lebanon, PA (1990). 
KATHERINE J. BISHOP, B.A., M.B.A.; General Manager, Lebanon 

Chemical Corporation; Lebanon, PA (1991). 
G. HAROLD BUCHER, B.S.; Retired President, People's National Bank; 

Annville, PA (1989). 
RAYMOND H. CARR; President and Chairperson of the Board, The 

Pickering Group; Lionville, PA (1991). 
RUTH A. DAUGHERTY, B.A.; Chairperson, General Commission on 

Communications, United Methodist Church; West Chester, PA (1989). 
JAMES J. DAVISON; Retired Business Executive; Freehold, NJ (1990). 
WESLEY T. DELLINGER, B.S.; Vice President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; 

Palmyra, PA (1991). 
CARROLL E. DITZLER; B.S., M.S., D.D.S.; Dentist; Mt. Gretna, PA 

(1990). 



142 



JOHN R. EBY, B.S.; President and Chief Executive Officer, Common- 
wealth Communications Services, Inc.; Lancaster, PA (1989). 
RUFUS A. FULTON, B.A.; President, Fulton Financial Coip.; Lancaster, 

PA (1989). 
DARWIN G. CLICK, B.S.; Partner, Click, Stanilla and Siegel; Lebanon, 

PA (1991). 
MARTIN L. GLUNTZ; B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; Vice President, Manufacturing 

and Distribution Services, Hershey International Ltd., Hershey Foods Cor- 
poration, Hershey, PA (1990). 
ARTHUR L. GOLDBERG, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Goldberg, Evans 

and Katzman; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 
ELAINE G. HACKMAN, B.A.; Retired Business Executive; Akron, PA 

(1991). 
CAROLYN R. HANES, B.A.,M.A.,Ph.D.; Professor of Sociology and 

Social Work, Professor of Leadership Studies, Chairperson, Lebanon 

Valley College; Annville, PA (1991). 
SUSAN WOLFE HASSINGER, B.A., M.Div.; Conference Consultant, 

Eastern Pennsylvania Conference, United Methodist Church; Down- 

ingtown, PA (1991). 
ZEDNA M. HAVERSTOCK; Treasurer-Comptroller, Central Pennsylvania 

Conference, United Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA (1990). 
BRYAN V. HEARSEY, B.A., M.A., Ph.D; Professor of Mathematics, 

Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1989). 
WILLIAM DAVID HUTCHINSON, B.A., J.D.; Circuit Judge, United 

States Court of Appeals; Schuykill Haven, PA (1990). 
LOIS G. JOHNSON, B.S. M.Ed.; Chairperson, Department of English, 

Delaware Technical and Community College; Glen Mills, PA (1989). 
GERALD D. KAUFFMAN, A.B.,B.D.,D.D., Retired Pastor, United 

Methodist Church; Carlisle, PA (1989). 
CONSTANCE W. LEITNER, B.S.; Musician; Carlisle, PA (1989). 
LEON E. MARKOWICZ, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of Leadership 

Studies, Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1989). 
H. LEROY MARLOW, B.S., M.A., Ed.D.; Assistant Director of Continu- 
ing Education; Director of the Pennsylvania Technical Assistant Program; 

Head of Management Development Services, The Pennsylvania State 

University; State College, PA (1990). 
BRIAN K. MATLICK, B.S., M.S.; Director of Agribusiness, Hershey 

Foods Corporation, Hershey, PA (1990). 
FELTON E. MAY, B.A., M.Div., D.D.; Resident Bishop of the Harrisburg 

Area, United Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA (1991). 



143 



JOAN C. MCCULLOH, A.B., M.A.T.; Chairperson, Department of 

English, Annville-Cleona High School; Mercersburg, PA (1989). 
JOHN G. McELLHENNEY, A.B.,B.D.,D.D.; Pastor, First United 

Methodist Church; West Chester, PA (1990). 
SUSAN M. MORRISON, B.A., M.Div.; Resident Bishop of the Philadelphia 

Area, United Methodist Church; Valley Forge, PA (1991). 
GRANT T. NICHOLLS, B.A., B.S.; President, Personal Financial Advisors; 

Allamuchy, NJ (1990). 
JOHN D. NORTON, III, A. B., M. A., Ph.D.; Professor of Political Science, 

Chairperson Political Science and Economics Department, Lebanon Valley 

College; Annville, PA (1989). 
KENNETH H. PLUMMER; Retired President, E.D. Plummer Sons, Inc.; 

Chambersburg, PA (1990). 
THOMAS C. REINHART, B.S.; President, T.C.R. Packaging, Inc., Albee- 

Campbell, Inc., and People Seekers; Wyomissing, PA (1990). 
DONALD R. SHOVER, JR., B.A., M.Div., D.Min.; District Superinten- 
dent, United Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA (1991). 
JOHN J. SHUMAKER, B.A., J.D., Member, Pennsylvania State Senate; 

Grantville, PA (1990). 
JOAN S. SOWERS, B.A., M.A.; Homemaker; Lebanon, PA (1991). 
MORTON SPECTOR; Vice President and Treasurer, D & H Distributing 

Co.; Harrisburg, PA (1989). 
PAUL E. STAMBACH, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., Ph.D.; Pastor, Asbury United 

Methodist Church; York, PA (1989). 
E. PETER STRICKLER, B.S.; President, Strickler Insurance Agency, Inc.; 

Lebanon, PA (1989). 
JOHN A. SYNODINOS, B.S., M.S.; President, Lebanon Valley College; 

Annville, PA. 
KATHRYN SEIVERLING TAYLOR, B.A.; Supervisor, Deny Township; 

Hershey, PA (1991). 
SUSAN E. VERHOEK, B.A.,M.A.,Ph.D.; Associate Professor of 

Biology, Lebanon Valley College; Palmyra, PA (1990). 
JOHN A. WALTER, B.S., J.D.; Judge, Lebanon County Court of Common 

Pleas; Mt. Gretna, PA (1989). 
ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER, B.S., Ph.D., D.Sci.; Chief of Carcinogen 

Metabolism and Toxicology Branch, National Cancer Institute; Bethesda, 

MD (1991). 
HARLAN R. WENGERT, B.S., M.B.A., D.Sci.; Chairperson, Wengert's 

Dairy; Lebanon, PA (1990). 
E.D. WILLIAMS, JR., L.H.D.; Private Investor; Lebanon, PA (1990). 



144 



J. DENNIS WILLIAMS, B.A., M.Div., D.Min.; Pastor, District Superin- 
tendent, Anthracite District, United Methodist Church; Orwigsburg, PA 
(1991). 

SAMUEL A. WILLMAN, B.S., M.Com.; Vice President, Marketing, York 
Container Company; Red Lion, PA (1990). 

CHARLES W. WOLFE, B.A., M.Div.; Vice President for University Rela- 
tions, Emeritus, Bucknell University; Denver, PA (1989). 

HARRY B. YOST, Esq., LL.B., LL.M.; Attorney, Hassell, Yost and 
Sorrentino; Lancaster, PA (1991). 

Emeriti 

WILLIAM D. BOS WELL, Esq., Ph.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Berman and 

Boswell; Harrisburg, PA. 
WILLIAM D. BRYSON, LL.D.; Retired Executive, Walter W. Moyer 

Company; Ephrata, PA. 
CURVIN N. DELLINGER, B.S.; President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; 

Lebanon, PA. 
DEWITT M. ESSICK, A.B., M.S.; Retired Manager of Education and 

Training, Armstrong World Industries; Lancaster, PA. 
EUGENE C. FISH, Esq., B.S., LL.B., J.D.; President, Peerless Industries, 

Inc.; Chairperson of the Board, Eastern Foundry Company; Attorney, 

Romeika, Fish and Scheckter; Senior Partner, Tax Associates; Jenkintown, 

PA. 
THOMAS W. GUINIVAN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United 

Methodist Church; Mechanicsburg, PA. 
PAUL E. HORN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 

Church; Harrisburg, PA. 
ALLAN W. MUND, LL.D.; Retired Chairperson, Ellicott Machine Cor- 
poration; Towson, MD. 
HAROLD S. PEIFFER, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United 

Methodist Church; Lancaster, PA. 
JESSIE A. PRATT, B.S.; Retired Administrative Assistant, Legal Division, 

City of Philadelphia; Philadelphia, PA. 
EZRA H. RANCK, A.B.,B.D.,D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 

Church; Lancaster, PA. 
MELVIN S. RIFE; Retired Executive, St. Regis Paper Company; York. PA. 
F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, Jr., B.S., LL.D.; Retired Principal, Arthur 

Young and Company; Richmond, VA. 
DANIEL L. SHEARER, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D.; Executive Assistant to 

the Bishop of the Harrisburg Area, United Methodist Church; Hum- 

melstown, PA. 

145 



Honorary 

JEFFERSON C. BARNHART, Esq., A.B., LL.B; Attorney, McNees, 

Wallace and Nurick; Hershey, PA. 
HORACE E. SMITH, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Smith and McCleary; 

York, PA. 
ANNE B. SWEIGART, B.S.; Chairperson of the Board and Chief Executive 

Officer, Denver and Ephrata Telephone Company; Ephrata, PA. 
WOODROW W. WALTEMYER, Business Executive; York, PA. 

ADMINISTRATION 

President 

JOHN A. SYNODINOS, 1988-; B.S., Loyola College, 1959; M.S., Temple 

University, 1977. 
MARY N. ESHLEMAN, 1979-; Executive Secretary to the President. 

General College Officers 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, 1983-; Secretary of the College and Registrar, 

1989-. B.A., Drew University, 1957; M.A. Syracuse University, 1960; 

Ph.D., 1966. 
RICHARD F. CHARLES, 1988-; Vice President for Advancement, 1988-. 

A.B., Franklin and Marshall College, 1953. 
DEBORAH R. FULLAM, 1982-; Assistant to the President for Budget and 

Planning, 1989-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1981; M.B. A., 

Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science, 1988. 
ROBERT E. HAMILTON, 1986-; Vice President for Adminstration and 

Controller, 1989-. A.B., Messiah College, 1962; M.Ed., Shippensburg 

University, 1966; D.Ed., Pennsylvania State University, 1972. 
GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, 1952-; Vice President for Student Affairs, 

1984-. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., Columbia University, 

1951; Ed. D., Temple University, 1967. 
WILLIAM J. McGILL JR., 1986-; Vice President and Dean of the Faculty. 

A.B., Trinity College, 1957; M.A., Harvard University, 1958; Ph.D., 

1961. 
GREGORY G. STANSON, 1966-; Dean of Enrollment Management Ser- 
vices, 1980-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.Ed., University of 

Toledo, 1966. 



146 



Administrative Staff 
Academic Affairs 

WILLIAM J. McGILL, Vice President and Dean of the Faculty. 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, Registrar. 

ELIZABETH A. CALVARIO, 1988-; Continuing Education Academic 
Advisor. B.S., University of Southern Colorado, 1984; M.B.A., Shippens- 
burg University, 1986. 

BARBARA JONES DENISON, 1987-; Continuing Education Academic Ad- 
visor. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.A., University of York, 
1981; Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1985. 

ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966-; Technical Processes Librarian. A.B., Smith Col- 
lege, 1956; B.S., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1957; M.L.S. Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh, 1966. 

DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983-; Director, Youth Scholars Institute, 1983-. B.A., 
University of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., State University of New 
York at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 

JOYCE A. GUERRISI, 1980-; Assistant Registrar, 1989-. 

ELAINE D. HAYDEN, 1989-; Director of Continuing Education. B.S., 
State University of New York College at Cortland, 1965; M.S., State 
University of New York College at Brockport, 1973. 

WILLIAM E. HOUGH, III, 1970-; Librarian Associate Professor. A.B., 
King's College, 1955; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1959; 
M.L.S. , Columbia University, 1965. 

DANIEL B. MCKINLEY, 1988-; Director of Leadership Studies Program. 
B.S., United States Coast Guard Academy, 1968; M.A.L.S., Wesley an 
University, 1973; M.A., University of Maryland, 1982. 

DONNA L. MILLER, 1986-; Readers' Services Librarian. B.S., Millersville 
University, 1984; M.L.S., Drexel University, 1986. 

SUZANNE CALDWELL RIEHL, 1982-; Director of Special Music Pro- 
grams, 1989-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.M., Westminster 
Choir CoUege, 1982. 

JOHN J. UHL, 1980-; Director of Media Services. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1979. 

VIRGINIA L. SOLOMON, 1987-; Assistant Director of Media Services. 
A. A., Pennsylvania State University-New Kensington. 1976, B.S.. Slip- 
pery Rock, 1979; M.A.Ed., Western Carolina University, 1986. 



147 



Administrative Affairs 

ROBERT E. HAMILTON, Vice President for Administration and Controller. 

HAROLD L. FESSLER, 1984-; Director of Maintenance. 

ROBERT E. HARNISH, 1967-; Manager of the College Store, B.A., 

Randolph Macon College, 1966. 
MARGARET A. LAHR, 1988-; Director of Housekeeping. 
GEORGE F. LOVELL, Jr., 1988-; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds. 
WALTER L. SMITH, 1961-1969; 197 1-; Director of Special Services. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 1967. 
LINDA S. STRATTON, 1988-; Coordinator of Mail Services. 
KEVIN R. YEISER, 1982-; Director of Grounds and Athletic Facilities. 
ALLEN R. YINGST, 1988-; Grounds Supervisor. 

Admissions and Financial Aid 

GREGORY G. ST ANSON, Dean of Enrollment Management Services. 
MELISSA J. ANDREWS, 1989-; Admissions Counselor. B.A., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1989. 
RUTH E. ANDERSEN, 1986-; Assistant Director of Financial Aid, 1988. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1986. 
MARK A. BREZITSKI, 1986-; Admissions Counselor, 1989. B.A., Ship- 

pensburg University, 1985. 
WILLIAM J. BROWN, Jr., 1980-; Associate Dean of Admissions 1984- and 

Director of Financial Aid, 1986-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; 

M.B.A., Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science, 1989. 
RONALD K. GOOD, 1983-; Assistant Dean of Admissions. B.S. in Ed., 

Millers ville State University, 1959; M.Ed., 1966. 
BARBARA A. LEER, 1988-; Admissions Counselor. B.A., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1987. 
JAMES P. MONOS, Jr., 1986-; Admissions Counselor. B.S., Shippensburg 

University, 1972; M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 1978. 
MICHAEL R. KOHLER, 1988-; Admissions Counselor. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1980; M.M., Bowling Green State University, 1982. 

Advancement 

RICHARD F. CHARLES, Vice President for Advancement. 

ELLEN H. ARNOLD, 1988-; Director of Annual Giving. B.A., Bucknell 

University, 1964. 
MARY JEAN BISHOP, 1987-; Director of Alumni and Parents Programs. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1984; M.A., Millersville University, 1989. 



148 



C. PAUL BRUBAKER, Jr., 1989-; Director of Planned Giving. B.S., 
Franklin and Marshall College, 1952; MBA, Wharton Graduate Div., 
University of Pennsylvania, 1955. 

JOHN B. DEAMER, Jr., 1986-; Director of Public Relations, 1989-. B.A., 
LaSalle University, 1985. 

TIMOTHY EBERSOLE, 1986-; Sports Information Director. B.S., Ship- 
pensburg University, 1983. 

MATTHEW A. HUGG, 1987-; Director of Development. B.S., Juniata Col- 
lege, 1983. 

MONICA E. KREISER, 1988-; Director of Special Events, Assistant Direc- 
tor of Annual Giving, 1988-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1988. 

INGEBORG M. SNOKE, 1987-; Records and Research Assistant, 1989-. 
B.A., Marwritski Institute, Germany, 1948. 

DAWN T. THREN, 1987-; Director of Publications, 1989-. B.A., 
Bloomsburg University, 1986. 

Computer Services 

ROBERTA. RILEY, 1976-1978, Director of Computer Services, 1988-. 
B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1976. 

ROBERT J. DILLANE, 1985-; Administrative Coordinator, Computer Ser- 
vices, 1986-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1977. 

STEPHEN SHOOP, 1977-; Technical Coordinator, Computer Services, 
1986-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1974. 

Financial Affairs 

DEBORAH R. FULL AM, Assistant to the President for Budget and 
Planning. 

DANE A. WOLFE, 1977-; Associate Controller. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1974; Basic Certification, American Institute of Banking, 1976. 

Religious Affairs 

JOHN ABERNATHY SMITH, 1980-; College Chaplain and Church Rela- 
tions Officer. B.A., Vanderbih University, 1961; M.Div., Drew Univer- 
sity, 1965; M.A., Johns Hopkins University, 1967; Ph.D., 1971. 

THOMAS H. SMITH, 1988-; Adjunct Catholic Chaplain. B.A., Saint 
Charles Seminary, 1953. 



149 



Student Affairs 

GEORGE R. MARQUETTE, Vice President for Student Affairs/Dean of 
Students. 

CAROL AMUNDSEN, 1989-; Assistant Director of Student Activities and 
Residential Life. A. A., Wesley College, 1979; B.A., High Point College, 
1981. 

DAVID A. CALVARIO, 1987-; Director of Residential Life, 1989-. B.S., 
Shippensburg University, 1982; M.S., 1986. 

ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1949; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1952. 

DAVID C. EVANS, 1981-; Director of Career Planning and Placement. 
B.A., Slippery Rock University, 1969; M.Ed., Rutgers University, 1970. 

VERONICA FABIAN, 1984-; Staff Nurse, R.N., Diploma, Spencer 
Hospital, 1961. 

RUSSELL L. GINGRICH, 197 1-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1947; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1951. 

ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970-; College Physician. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1950; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1955; B.A., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1971. 

LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971-; Director of Athletics, 1981-; Assistant 
Coach, Basketball, 1986-; Head Coach, Golf, 1989-. B.A., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 

KATHLEEN TIERNEY, 1983-; Assistant Director of Athletics, Director of 
Summer Sports Camps, 1988-; Head Coach, Women's Field Hockey and 
Softball. B.S., University of New York at Brockport, 1979. 

JULIANA Z. WOLFE, 1975-1978; 1979-; Director of Health Center and 
Head Nurse. R.N., Diploma, St. Joseph's Hospital, 1963. 

ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973-; Associate Dean of Students, 1983-. B.S., 
Lock Haven University, 1966; M.Ed., West Chester University, 1970. 

JEAN W. ZELEK, 1983-; Staff Nurse. R.N., Diploma, St. Anthony's 
Hospital, 1952. 

Athletic Staff 

LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, Director of Athletics. 

JOHN W. BARNHART, 1987-; Assistant Football Coach. B.A., Hiram 
College. 

MARK A BREZITSKI, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach. B.A., Shippens- 
burg University, 1985. 

LEWIS H. COOKE, Jr., 1975-; Equipment Manager, 1985-. 



150 



TIMOTHY M. EBERSOLE, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach. B.S., Ship- 

pensburg University, 1983. 
PATRICK J. PLANNER Y, 1989-; Men's Basketball Coach; Assistant 

Baseball Coach. B.A., Bucknell University, 1980; M.S., 1983. 
JODI LYN POSTER, 1985-; Women's Basketball and Track Coach. B.S., 

Milliken University, 1984; M.S., Eastern Illinois University, 1985. 
CHRIS E. HORST, 1988-; Assistant Pield Hockey Coach; B.S., West 

Chester University, 1972, M.Ed., 1974. 
THOMAS E. JORDAN, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach, B.S., Millersville 

University, 1976. 
LAWRENCE M. LARTHEY, 1988-; Wrestling Coach. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1972. 
JAMES P. MONOS, Jr., 1986-; Football Coach. B.S., Shippensburg 

University, 1972; M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 1978. 
RUSSELL J. OWENS, 1988-; Men's and Women's Swimming Coach; Di- 
rector of the E.H. Arnold Sports Center. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 

1960. 
WAYNE PERRY, 1987-; Men's and Women's Volleyball Coach. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1978. 
O. KENT REED, 197 1-; Men's Track and Field Coach; Men's and 

Women's Cross-country Coach. B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., 

Eastern Kentucky University, 1970. 
FRANK J. REICH, 1986-; Assistant Football Coach. B.S., Pennsylvania 

State University, 1956. 
EDWARD C. SPITTLE, Jr., 1985-; Baseball Coach. 
HARRY A. SHIRK, Jr., 1987-; Soccer Coach. 
JAMES E. STARK, 1986-; Athletic Trainer. B.S., Lock Haven University, 

1983. M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1986. 
KATHLEEN M. TIERNEY, 1983-; Assistant Director of Athletics, 1988; 

Director of Summer Sports Camps; Field Hockey and Women's Softball 

Coach. B.S., State University of New York at Brockport, 1979. 



151 



THE CHRISTIAN R. AND MARY F. LINDBACK 
DISTINGUISHED TEACHING AWARDS 

The Lindback Awards for distinguished teaching are supported by grants 
from the Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Foundation. The Lindback 
Award recipients, who must be full-time members of the Lebanon Valley 
College faculty, are selected by the President of the College after appropriate 
consultation with alumni, students, faculty and staff. 

Previous A war dees: 

1985 Leon E. Markowicz, Ph.D., Professor of English 

1986 Carolyn R. Hanes, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology and 
Social Work and Leadership Studies 

1987 Donald E. Bryne, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Religion 

1987 Mark A. Townsend, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of 
Mathematical Sciences 

1988 William H. Fairlamb, Mus. B., Professor of Music 

1989 Paul L. Wolf, Ph.D., Professor of Biology 

THE NEVELYN J. KNISLEY 

AWARD FOR INSPIRATIONAL TEACHING 

In 1988, Lebanon Valley College created an award for part-time and adjunct 
members of the College faculty similar to the philosophy of the Lindback 
Award. The first awardee was Nevelyn J. Knisley. After the presentation of 
the first award, the President of the College named this series of awards for 
Mrs. Knisley in recognition for her twenty-four years of inspired teaching 
in music. 

Previous Awardees: 

1988 Nevelyn J. Knisley, M.F.A., Adjunct Associate 
Professor of Music 

1989 Carolyn B. Scott, B.A., Lecturer in French 



152 



FACULTY 

Active 

MADELYN J. ALBRECHT, 1973-; Associate Professor of Education. B.A., 
Northern Baptist College, 1952; M.A., Michigan State University, 1958; 
Ph.D., 1972. 

SHARON DARMOFALL ARNOLD, 1986-; Associate Professor of 
Sociology. B.A., University of Akron, 1964; M.A., 1967. 

SUSAN ATKINSON, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Education. B.S., Ship- 
pensburg University, 1972; M.Ed., (Elementary Education) 1973; M.Ed., 
(Special Education) 1979; D.Ed., Temple University, 1987. 

PHILIP A. BILLINGS, 1970-; Professor of English. B.A., Heidelberg Col- 
lege, 1965; M.A., Michigan State University, 1967; Ph.D., 1974. 

DONALD C. BOONE, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. 
B.A., Michigan State University, 1964; M.B.A., 1966. 

JAMES H. BROUSSARD, 1983-; Professor of History, Chairperson of the 
Department of History and American Studies. A.B., Harvard University, 
1963; M. A., Duke University, 1965; Ph.D., 1968. 

DONALD EUGENE BROWN, 1983-; Professor of Political Science. B.S., 
Western Dlinois University, 1969; M.A., State University of New York at 
Binghamton, 1973; Ph.D., 1982. 

DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 197 1-; Professor of Religion; Director of the 
American Studies Program. B.A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963; M.A., 
Marquette University, 1966; Ph.D., Duke University, 1972. 

VOORHIS C. CANTRELL, 1968-; Professor of Religion and Greek. B.A., 
Oklahoma City University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist University. 
1956; Ph.D., Boston University, 1967. 

SHARON F. CLARK, 1986-; Associate Professor of Management. Chairper- 
son of the Department of Management. B.A., University of Richmond, 
1969; J.D., 1971. 

RICHARD D. CORNELIUS, 1985-; Professor of Chemistry; Chairperson of 
the Department of Chemistry. B.A., Carleton College, 1969; Ph.D., 
University of Iowa, 1974. 

SALVATORE CULLARI, 1986-; Associate Professor of Psychology. B.A., 
Kean College, 1974; M.A., Western Michigan University, 1976; Ph.D., 
1981. 

GEORGE D. CURFMAN, 1961-; Professor of Music, Interim Chairperson 
of the Department of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1953; M.M., 
University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., Pennsylvania State University, 1971. 

I- 

153 



DONALD B. DAHLBERG, 1980-; Associate Professor of Chemistry. B.S., 
University of Washington, 1967; M.S., Cornell University, 1969; Ph.D., 
1971. 

MICHAEL A. DAY, 1987-; Associate Professor of Physics, Director of the 
Honors Program. B.S., University of Idaho, 1969; M.A., 1975, Ph.D., 
1977, University of Nebraska (Philosophy). M.S., 1978, Ph.D., 1983, 
University of Nebraska (Physics). 

PHYLIS DRYDEN, 1987-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Atlantic 
Union College, 1976; M.A., State University of New York at Albany, 
1985; Ph.D., 1988. 

SCOTT H. EGGERT, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.F.A., Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin (Milwaukee), 1971; M.A., University of Chicago, 1974; 
D.M.A., University of Kansas, 1982. 

SUSAN L. EGNER, 1988-; Instructor in Spanish. B.A., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1982; M. A., Middlebury College, 1987. 

DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983-; Associate Professor of Biology. Director of the 
Youth Scholars Institute. B.A., University of Maine at Portland, 1974; 
M.A., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., University 
of Oklahoma, 1981. 

WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947-; Professor of Music. Mus.B., cum laude, 
Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. 

ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965-; Professor of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1959; M.A., Bowling Green State University, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 

EILEEN N. FRANKLAND, 1986-; 1987-; Assistant Professor of Social 
Work. B.A., Pennsylvania State University, 1973; M.S.W., Barry Univer- 
sity, 1982. 

MICHAEL D. FRY, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. 
B.A., Immaculate Heart College, 1975; Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1980. 

PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959-; Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1951; M.S.M., Union Theological Seminary School of Sacred 
Music, 1953; A.M.D., Eastman School of Music, 1967. 

MICHAEL A. GRELLA, 1980-; Professor of Education; Chairperson of the 
Department of Education. B.A., St. Mary's Seminary and University, 
1958; M.A., West Virginia University, 1970; Ed.D., 1974. 

KLEMENT M. HAMBOURG, 1982-; Associate Professor of Music. 
A.T.C.M., Royal Conservatory of Music, 1946; L.R.A.M., Royal 
Academy of Music, 1962; A.R.C.M., Royal College of Music, 1962; 
L.T.C.L., Trinity College of Music (London), 1965; Fellow, 1966; 
D.M.A., University of Oregon, 1977. 



154 



CAROLYN R. HANES, 1977-; Professor of Sociology and Social Work and 

Leadership Studies, Chairperson of the Department of Sociology and 

Social Work. B.A., Central Michigan University, 1969; M.A., University 

of New Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 
BRYAN V. HEARSEY, 1971-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., 

Western Washington State College, 1964; M.A., Washington State Univer- 
sity, 1966; Ph.D., 1968. 
ROBERT H. HE ARSON, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Music. B. Music, 

University of Iowa, 1964; M.A., 1965; Ed.D., University of Illinois, 1983. 
JOHN H. HEFFNER, 1972-; Professor of PhUosophy. Chairperson of the 

Department of Religion and Philosophy. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 

1968; B.A., 1987; A.M., Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 1976. 
JEANNE C. HEY, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Economics. B.A., Bucknell 

University, 1954; M.B.A., Lehigh University, 1982. 
BARRY L. HURST, 1982-; Assistant Professor of Physics; Chairperson of 

the Department of Physics. B.S., Juniata College, 1972; Ph.D., University 

of Delaware, 1982. 
DIANE M. IGLESIAS, 1976-; Professor of Spanish; Chairperson of the 

Department of Foreign Languages. B.A., Queens College, 1971; M.A., 

1974; Ph.D., City University of New York, 1979. 
RICHARD A. ISKOWITZ, 1969-; Associate Professor of Art; Chairperson 

of the Department of Art. B.F.A., Kent State University, 1965; M.F.A., 

1967. 
RICHARD A. JOYCE, 1966-; Associate Professor of History. A.B.. Yale 

University, 1952; M.A., San Francisco State College, 1963. 
JOHN P. KEARNEY, 1971-; Professor of English. Chairperson of the 

Department of English. B.A., St. Benedict's College, 1962; M.A., 

University of Michigan, 1963; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1968. 
MICHAEL R. KOHLER, 1988-; Instructor in Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1980; M.M. Bowhng Green State University, 1982. 
EDWARD H. KREBS, 1976-80; 1989-; Assistant Professor of Economics. 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1965; M.S., University of 

Massachusetts, 1967; Ph.D. Michigan State University, 1970. 
DAVID I. LASKY, 1974-; Professor of Psychology; Chairperson of the 

Department of Psychology. A.B., Temple University, 1956; M.A., 1958; 

Ph.D., 1%1. 
ROBERT W. LEONARD, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Management. B.A., 

Ohio University, 1977; M.A., St. Francis School of Industrial Relations. 

1978, M.B.A., The Ohio State University, 1986. 



155 



DANIEL B. MCKINLEY, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Leadership Studies, 
Director, Leadership Studies Program. B.S., United States Coast Guard 
Academy, 1968; M.A.L.S. Wesley an University, 1973; M.A., University 
of Maryland, 1982. 

FREDERICK H. MAIDMENT, 1988; Associate Professor of Management. 
B.S., College of Business & Public Administration, 1970; M.B.A., Ber- 
nard M. Baruch College, City University of New York, 1972; Ed.D., 
University of South Carolina, 1983. 

LEON E. MARKOWICZ, 1971-; Professor of Leadership Studies. A.B., 
Duquesne University, 1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; 
Ph.D., 1972. 

JOERG W.P. MAYER, 1970-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Dipl. 
Math., University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. 

OWEN A. MOE, JR., 1973-; Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. Olafs Col- 
lege, 1966; Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. 

PHILIP G. MORGAN, 1969-; Assistant Professor of Music. B.M.E., 
Kansas State College, 1962; M.S., 1965. 

JOHN D. NORTON, 197 1-; Professor of Political Science. Chairperson of 
the Department of Political Science and Economics. B.A., University of 
Illinois, 1965; M.A., Florida State University, 1967; Ph.D., American 
University, 1973. 

JAN PEDERSEN, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.A., State 
University of New York at Stony Brook, 1978; Ph.D., 1985. 

SIDNEY POLLACK, 1976-; Professor of Biology. B.A., New York Univer- 
sity, 1963; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1970. 

O. KENT REED, 197 1-; Associate Professor of Physical Education; Chair- 
person of the Department of Physical Education. B.S., Otterbein College, 
1956; M.A., Eastern Kentucky University, 1970. 

C. ROBERT ROSE, 1981-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed., 
Southern Illinois University, 1964; M.M., 1966; D.M., Indiana University, 
1978. 

GAIL SANDERSON, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.A., 
Hobart and William Smith Colleges, 1970; M.B.A., Boston University, 
1977. 

JAMES W. SCOTT, 1976-; Professor of German. B.A., Juniata College, 
1965; Ph.D., Princeton University, 1971. 

STEPHEN R. SEXSMITH, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Chemistry, 1989. 
A.B., Kenyon College, 1980; Ph.D., State University of New York, 1988. 

STEVEN M. SPECHT, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.S., 
State University of New York at Oswego, 1982; M.A., State University of 
New York at Binghamton, 1987; Ph.D., 1988. 

156 



JOELLE L. STOPKIE, 1989-; Assistant Professor of French. Licence, 
Sorbonne, 1960; M.A., New York University, 1963; Ph.D., Bryn Mawr 
College, 1979. 

DENNIS W. SWEIGART, 1972-; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 1965; 
D.M.A., University of Iowa, 1977. 

WARREN K. A., THOMPSON, 1967-; Associate Professor of Philosophy. 
A.B., Trinity University, 1957; M.A., University of Texas, 1963. 

HORACE W. TOUSLE Y, 1981-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical 
Sciences; Chairperson of the Department of Mathematical Sciences. A.B., 
Ripon College, 1951; M.S. I.E. (OR), University of Alabama, 1970. 

MARK A. TOWNSEND, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical 
Sciences. B.S., Bethany Nazarene College, 1965; M.A., Oklahoma 
University, 1969; Ed.D., Oklahoma State University, 1983. 

PERRY J. TROUTMAN, I960-; Professor of Religion. B.A., Houghton 
College, 1949; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1952; Ph.D., 
Boston University, 1964. 

JOHN J. UHL, 1980-; Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology and Direc- 
tor of Sound Recording Technology Program. B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1979. 

SUSAN E. VERHOEK, 1974-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Ohio Wesleyan 
University, 1964; M.A., Indiana University, 1966; Ph.D., Cornell Univer- 
sity, 1975. 

JACQUELINE J. VIVELO, 1987-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., 
University of Tennessee, 1965; M.A., 1970. 

STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS, 1973-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Central Col- 
lege, 1964; M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., Washington 
University, 1971. 

BARBARA S. WIRTH, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Accounting, 1988. 
B.A., Lehigh University, 1979; M.B.A., 1985. 

PAUL L. WOLF, 1966-; Professor of Biology; Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Biology. B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1960; M.S., University of 
Delaware, 1963; Ph.D., 1968. 

ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Gettysburg Col- 
lege, 1963; M.A., Drake University, 1965; Ph.D., University of Vermont. 
1968. 

GLENN H. WOODS, 1965-; Associate Professor of English. A.B.. Lebanon 
Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. 



157 



Emeriti 

RICHARD C. BELL, 1966-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple Univer- 
sity, 1955. 
JAMES O. BEMESDERFER, 1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1936; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 

1939; S.T.M., Lutheran Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 1945; 

S.T.D., Temple University, 1951. 
ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961-1987; Readers' Services Librarian Emerita. 

B.S.L.S. Simmons College, 1946. 
D. CLARK CARMEAN, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admissions. 

A.B., Ohio Wesley an University, 1926; M.A., Columbia University, 1932. 
CHARLES T. COOPER, 1965-1979; Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Spanish. B.S., United States Naval Academy, 1942; M.A., Middlebury 

College, 1965. 
HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963-1976; Professor Emerita of German. M.A., 

University of Berlin and Jena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 
ROBERT S. DAVIDON, 1970-1984; Professor Emeritus of Psychology, 

1985. A.B., University of Illinois, 1940; M.A., University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 
CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947-1983; Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and 

Dean of the College Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; 

M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 

1954. 
GLADYS M. FENCIL, 1921-1927; 1929-1965, Registrar Emerita. A.B., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1921. 
ELIZABETH M. GEFFEN, 1958-1983; Professor Emerita of History. B.S., 

University of Pennsylvania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. 
JUNE E. HERR, 1959-1980; Associate Professor Emerita of Elementary 

Education. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania 

State University, 1954. 
THOMAS A. LANESE, 1954-1978; Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Strings, Conducting, and Theory. B.Mus., Baldwin- Wallace College, 

1938; Fellow, Julliard Graduate School; M.Mus., Manhattan School of 

Music, 1952. 
JEAN O. LOVE, 1954-1985; Professor Emerita of Psychology. A.B., 

Erskine College, 1941; M.A., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., University 

of North Carolina, 1953. 



158 



ANNA D. FABER McVAY, 1954-1976; Professor Emerita of English. 

A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 

1950; Ph.D., 1954. 
HOWARD A. NEIDIG, 1948-1985; Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.S., University of Delaware, 1946; 

Ph.D., 1948. 
AGNES B. O'DONNELL, 1961-1987; Professor Emerita of English. A.B., 

Immaculata College, 1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; M.A., 

University of Pennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D., 1976. 
J. ROBERT O'DONNELL, 1961-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Physics. B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1950; M.S., University 

of Delaware, 1953. 
GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963-1988; Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Physical Education. B.S., Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. 
SARA ELIZABETH PIEL, 1960-1975; Professor Emerita of Languages. 

A.B., Chatham College, 1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; 

Ph.D., 1938. 
JACOB L. RHODES, 1957-1985; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1943; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1958. 
ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951-1986; Professor Emeritus, Economics and 

Business Administration; Vice President and Controller, Emeritus; B.S., 

Shippensburg State College, 1941; M.S., Columbia University, 1947; 

Ph.D., New York University, 1962; C.P.M., 1976. 
MALIN PH. SAYLOR, 1961-1980; Professor Emerita of French, 1985. Fil 

Kand., Universities of Upsala and Stockholm, 1938. 
RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; 1953-1984; Professor Emeritus of Histoiy 

and Assistant Dean of the College Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1942; A.M., University of Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. 
ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951-1983; Professor Emeritus of English, B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 
JAMES M. THURMOND, 1954-1979; Professor Emeritus of Music Educa- 
tion and Brass. Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931; A.B., American 

University, 1951; M.A., Catholic University, 1952; Mus.D., Washington 

College of Music, 1944. 
C.F. JOSEPH TOM, 1954-1989; Professor Emeritus of Economics. B.A., 

Hastings College, 1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D.. 1963. 
L. ELBERT WETHINGTON, 1963-1983; Professor Emeritus of Religion. 

B.A., Wake Forest, 1944; B.D., Duke University, 1947; Ph.D.. 1949. 



159 



Adjunct 

BEVERLY T. ANDREWS, 1989-; Lecturer in Leadership Studies. B.A., 
Birmingham-Southern College, 1969; M.A., East Texas State University, 
1970. 

MICHAEL J. ASKEN, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. 
B.A., The Johns Hopkins University, 1972; M.A., West Virginia Univer- 
sity, 1974; Ph.D., 1976. 

PAUL B. BAKER, 1984-; Lecturer in English. B.A., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1979. 

ROBERT W. BIDDLE, Jr., 1989-; Lecturer in Hotel Management. B.S., 
The Pennsylvania State University, 1977; M.S., 1988. 

CAROLE BITTS, 1989-; Lecturer in English. B.S., Millersville University. 

MARIE G. BONGIOVANNI, 1985-; Lecturer in English. M.B.A., Drexel 
University, 1982. 

TERESA M. BOWERS, 1978-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Sus- 
quehanna University, 1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

DAVID L. BRODERIC, 1988-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Health Care 
Management. M.B.A., University of Chicago, 1975. 

ERWIN P. CHANDLER, 1978-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. 
B.S., Ithaca College, 1966; M.M., Indiana University, 1971. 

FRANCIS T. DEYO, 1986-; Lecturer in Political Science. M. P. A., The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1986. 

MICHAEL A. DIGENNARO, 1987-; Instructor in Military Science. B.S., 
United States Military Academy, West Point. Captain, United States Army, 
Aviation. 

NELSON L. EBERSOLE, 1985-; Lecturer in Real Estate. 

JOHN R. EBY, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1957. 

JAN W. EDWARDS, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Work. M.A., Ohio Univer- 
sity, 1972. 

JAMES A. ERDMAN, II, 1983-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. 

TIMOTHY M. ERDMAN, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., 
Temple University, 1970. 

DENNIS N. ESHLEMAN, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Manage- 
ment. M.B.A., Columbia University, 1977. 

WESLEY C. FISHER, 1987-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. 

V. CARL GACONO, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Real Estate. 
B.S., Susquehanna University, 1953. 

ROBERT D. GINGRICH, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Work. M.S., Moravian 
College, 1968. 

160 



RICHARD J. GOEDKOOP, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of English. 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University, 1980. 
JAMES S. HUME, 1983-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical 

Sciences. M.S., Virginia State College, 1970. 
JAMES R. KLOCK, 198 1-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., West 

Virgina University, 1979. 
NEVELYN J. KNISLEY, 1954-1958; 1963; 1970-; Adjunct Associate Pro- 
fessor of Music. Mus. B., Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 1951; M.F.A., 

Ohio University, 1953. 
ROBERT C. LAU, 1968-; Adjunct Professor of Music, 1989; B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1965; M.A. Eastman School of Music, 1970; 

Ph.D., Catholic University, 1979. 
NELSON M. MARTIN, 1987-; Instructor in Military Science. M.B.A., 

University of Arizona. Major, United States Army, Field Artillery. 
CHARLES D. MINTZ, 1984-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion. 

M.A., Hebrew Union College, 1956. 
ROBERT A. NOWAK, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Mansfield 

State College, 1973; M.M., University of Miami, 1975. 
LAWRENCE ONCLEY, 1989-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Univer- 
sity of Puget Sound, 1963; B.Mus., 1964; M.Mus., Indiana University, 

1968; Ph.D., 1975. 
EDWARD PETERS, 1985-; Lecturer in Computer Science. B.A., Lehigh 

University, 1976. 
JOSEPH E. PETERS, 1974-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University. 1973. 
HOLLY L. PRESTON, 1987-; Lecturer in Sociology. B.S.W.. Shippensburg 

University, 1977; M.S.W., Marywood College, 1981. 
ELIZABETH RADFORD, 1989-; Lecturer in History. B.A., Centre College 

of Kentucky, 1983; M.A., University of Virginia, 1985. 
MARIE E. RIEGLE, 1985-; Lecturer in Art. M.F.A., The Pennsylvania 

State University, 1979. 
DAVID ROGERS, 1986-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. 

Ph.D., Rosemead School of Psychology, 1985. 
CAROLYN B. SCOTT, 1987-; Lecturer in French. B.A., Juniata College, 

1965. 
DAVID STAFFORD, 1981-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs 

College of Music, 1967. 
WILLIAM F. STINE, III, 1989-; Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1969; M.A., West Chester University, 

1975. 
THOMAS M. STROHMAN, 1977-1983: 1987-; Adjunct Instructor in 

Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1975. 

161 



FORD S. THOMPSON, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. 
M.A., George Washington University, 1967. 

ANNA F. TILBERG, 1982-; Lecturer in Biology. B.A., University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1969. 

RICHARD J. TUSHUP, 1989-; Lecturer in Psychology. A.B. St. Vincent 
Seminary; M.A., 1971; Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1977. 

DAVID W. WILGUS, 1987-; Professor of Military Science. M.A., Webster 
University; Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army, Aviation. 

DONALD WINER, 1987-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Art. M.A.F.A., 
University of Missouri, 1951. 

R. GORDON WISE, 1973-; Adjunct Professor of Art. Ed.D., University of 
Missouri, 1970. 

Adjuncts in Medical Technology 

Harrisburg Hospital: Medical Director of Laboratories, Him Kwee, M.D.; 

Program Director, Janice M. Fogelman, M.Ed., M.T. (ASCP). 
Jersey Shore Medical Center: Medical Director, Martin Krummerman, M.D.; 

Educational Coordinator, Florence M. Cook, M.T. (ASCP). 
Lancaster General Hospital: Director, Gerald Fahs, M.D.; Program Director, 

Nadine Gladfelter, M.S., M.T. (ASCP). 
Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg: Director, Julian Potok, D.O.; 

Education Director, Lynn L. Russell, M.T. (ASCP), CLS, M.A. 
Reading Hospital and Medical Center: Director, I. Donald Stuard, M.D.; 

Program Director, Sharon Strauss, CLS (NCA) M.T. (ASCP). 
Sacred Heart Hospital: Director, Francis V. Kostelnik, M.D.; Program 

Director, Sandra A. Neiman, M.T. (ASCP), CLS. 

Faculty and Administrative Staff Support 

CHARLES R.BEAMESDERFER, Garber Science Center 

MARILYN E. BOESHORE, Alumni Office 

DONNA L. BRICKLEY, Mathematical Sciences Department 

NAOMI R. EMERICH, Advancement Office 

BEVERLY J. GAMBLE, Music Department 

JO LYNN GERBER, Advancement Office 

DORIS L. GERLACH, Library 

NANCY J. HARTMAN, Business Office 

PAMELA S. HILLEGAS, Athletic Office 

BARBARA ICEMAN, Library 

ALICE L. KOHR, Student Activities Office 

G. ROSALYN KUJOVSKY, Library 

PATRICIA A. LAUDERMILCH, Registrar's Office 

DIANA L. LEVENGOOD, Advancement Office 

162 



BONITA K. LINGLE, Advancement Office 
KAREN R. MCLUCAS, Admissions Office 
H. GRACE MORRISSEY, Religion and Philosophy Department, 

Chaplain's Office 
GWENDOLYN W. PIERCE, Vice President for Administration Office 
CHERIE PORUBIANSKY, Computer Services Office and Education 

Department 
NIKI E. RAUDENSKI, E.H. Arnold Sports Center 
CHRISTINE M. REEVES, Vice President for Advancement Office 
CHARLOTTE J. RITTLE, Management Department 
SALLY A. RIVERA, Biology, Psychology, Sociology Departments 
MARIAN C. ROGERS, President's Office and Registrar's Office 
CAROL L. SCHAAK, Vice President for Student Affairs Office 
DEBORAH M. SCHEAFFER, Admissions Office 
PATRICIA A. SCHOOLS, Career Planning and Placement Office 
PAMELA B. SHELLENBERGER, Business Office 
JACQUELINE F. SHOWERS, Business Office 

BARBARA A. SMITH, Vice President and Dean of the Faculty Office 
LINDA S. STRATTON, Mail Services 
LINDA L. SUMMERS, College Store 

BERNICE K. TEAHL, Art, Chemistry, and Physics Departments 
BONNIE C. TENNEY, Buildings and Grounds Office 
DIANE E. WENGER, English and Foreign Language Department 



163 



Accreditation 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on 
Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges 
and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education, the National Association of Schools 
of Music and the American Chemical Society. 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents 
of the State University of New York and of the American 
Association of University Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following: 

National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities; | 

Pennsylvania Foundation for Independent Colleges; College | 

Entrance Examination Board; College Scholarship Service; | 

National Collegiate Athletic Association; Middle Atlantic I 

States Collegiate Athletic Conference; Penn-Mar Athletic i 

Conference; Central Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association; | 
Eastern College Athletic Conference. 



164 



INDEX 



Academic dishonesty policy, undergraduate . 18 
Academic dishonesty policy, graduate .... 137 

Academic procedures, undergraduate 12 

Academic procedures, graduate 135 

Accounting Program 

courses 63 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 63 

Accreditation 164 

Actuarial Science Program 

courses 65 

department 47 

faculty 48 

major 65 

Admissions, undergraduate full time 

students 8 

Admissions, undergraduate part time and 

continuing education students 10 

Admissions, graduate students 134 

Administrative Staff Directory 147 

Advanced Placement 14 

Allied Health Sciences Cooperative 

Program 34 

American Studies Program 

courses 66 

department 43 

major 65 

Anthropology courses 126 

Archeology courses 123 

Art courses 66 

department 32 

faculty 32 

minor 66 

Attendance policy 14 

Auditing policy 13 

Associate Degrees 11 

Baccalaureate Degrees 11 

Biochemistry Program 

courses 68 

major 67 

requirements 67 

Biology Program 

courses 68 

department 33 

faculty 35 

major 67 

Botany courses 69 



Business History courses 92 

Calendar 

1989-1990 4 

1990-1991 5 

Certificate Programs 10 

Challenge examinations policy 15 

Chemistry Program 

courses 71 

department 36 

faculty 37 

major 71 

Christian Education courses 123 

CLEP 16 

Communications Program 

courses 81 

department 40 

faculty 40 

major 80 

minor 80 

Computer Science Program 

courses 74 

department 47 

faculty 48 

major 73 

minor 74 

Continuing Education Center 10 

Courses, undergraduate 

concurrent 14 

external 14 

repetition of 13 

descriptions 63 

Courses, graduate 139 

Credit for life experience 16 

Criminal Justice courses 128 

Degrees, undergraduate 11 

Degrees, graduate 133 

Dean's List 18 

Diploma programs 10 

Dismissal policy, undergraduate 19 

Economics Program 

courses 76 

department 57 

faculty 58 

major 75 

minor 75 

Education Program 

courses 77 

department 38 



165 



faculty 39 

major 78 

minor 77 

Elementary Education Program 

courses 78 

department 38 

faculty 39 

major 78 

minor 77 

Engineering Cooperative Program 56 

English Program 

courses 80 

department 40 

faculty 40 

major 80 

minor 80 

Environmental Studies Cooperative 

Program 83 

Faculty Directory 153 

Finance courses 97 

Finances, student 9 

Foreign Languages Program 

courses 83 

department 41 

faculty 42 

major 83 

Foreign Study Opportunities 21 

Forestry Cooperative Programs 33, 83 

French Program 

courses 84 

department 41 

faculty 42 

major 84 

minor 84 

General Education Program 

courses 22, 85 

requirements 22 

General Studies Program 

major 85 

requirements 86 

Geography courses 86 

German Program 

courses 87 

department 41 

faculty 42 

major 87 

minor 87 

Gerontology courses 127 

Grade Point Average 17 



Grading system 17 

Graduation Requirements, undergraduate ... 27 

Graduation Requirements, graduate . . 135, 136 

Greek courses , 88 

Health Care Management Program 

courses 76, 99, 127 

major 89 

requirements 89 

Health Professions Cooperative Programs . . 89 

History Program 

courses 90 

department 43 

faculty 43 

major 90 

minor 90 

Honors Program 

courses 26 

Honors, departmental 27 

Honors, graduation 18, 27 

Hotel Management Program 

courses 93 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 93 

minor 93 

Independent Study policy 30 

International Business Program 

major 95 

Internship policy 28 

Knisley Teaching Awards 152 

Leadership Studies Program 

courses 25, 95 

requirements 22, 24, 25 

Lindback Teaching Awards 152 

Literature courses 80 

Management Program 

courses 96 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 96 

Map of Campus 6 

Marketing courses 97 

Mathematical Sciences Program 

courses 100 

department 46 

faculty 48 

major 99 

minor 99 

Mathematics courses 99 



166 



MBA Program 

academic policies 135 

admission 134 

concurrent courses 136 

courses 139 

faculty 133 

financial aid 138 

grading system 136 

privacy of student records 138 

refund policy 137 

requirements 135, 139 

review procedure 136 

time restriction policy 137 

transfer policy 136 

withdrawal policy 137, 138 

Medical Technology Cooperative 

Program 33, 102 

Military Science Program 

courses 102 

department 49 

faculty 51 

requirements 102 

Mission Statement 7 

Music Program 

courses 104 

department 51 

faculty 53 

major 103 

minor 104 

Music Education courses 105 

Non Traditional Credit policy 15 

Nuclear Medicine Technology 

Cooperative Program 33 

Off Campus Programs 

Study Abroad 21 

Washington Semester 21 

Officers, General College 146 

Pass/Fail policy 13 

Payment plans 9 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 18 

Philosophy Program 

courses Ill 

department 61 

faculty 61 

major Ill 

minor Ill 

Physical Education Program 

courses 112 

department 56 

faculty 56 



Physics Program 

courses 113 

department 56 

faculty 57 

major 113 

Placement examinations, undergraduate .... 14 

Political Science Program 

courses 115 

department 57 

faculty 58 

major 115 

minor 1 15 

Pre-Law Program 117 

Privacy of Student Records 138 

Probation, undergraduate 19 

Probation, graduate 137 

Psychobiology Program 

courses 118 

major 118 

Psychology Program 

courses 120 

department 58 

faculty 59 

major 118 

minor 118 

Readmission policy 20 

Refund policy, undergraduate 9 

Refund policy, graduate 137 

Registration, change of policy 13 

Religion Program 

courses 122 

department 61 

faculty 61 

major 122 

minor 122 

Repetition of courses policy. 

undergraduate 13 

Repetition of courses policy, graduate .... 136 

ROTC Program 

courses 102 

faculty 51 

requirements 49, 102 

Second Bachelor's Degree policy 14 

Secondary Education Program 

courses 124 

department 38 

faculty 39 

major 124 

Serviceman's Opportunity College (,SOC) . . 20 



167 



Sociology Program 

courses 126 

department 62 

faculty 62 

major 126 

minor 126 

Social Work Program 

courses 125 

department : 62 

faculty 62 

major 125 

minor 125 

Sound Recording Technology Program 

courses 130 

department 52 

faculty 53 

major 129 

Spanish Program 

courses 131 

department 41 



faculty 42 

major 131 

minor 131 

Special Topics courses 32 

Study Abroad 21 

Suspension policy, undergraduate 19 

Teacher Certification for 

Non-matriculated Students 21 

Teacher Certification for 

Matriculated Students 124 

Thanatology courses 128 

Transfer policy, undergraduate 12 

Transfer policy, graduate 136 

Trustees, Board of Directory 142 

Tutorial Study courses 32 

Veteran's Services 20, 135 

Washington Semester 21 

Withdrawal procedure, undergraduate 20 

Withdrawal procedure, graduate 137, 138 

Zoology courses 70 



168 



Lebanon Valley College 
101 North College Avenue 
Annville, PA 17003-0501 
Address Correction Requested 



Non-Profit Organization 

U.S. POSTAGE PAID 

PERMIT NO. 9 

Annville, PA 17003 




Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 
(717) 867-6100 



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