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Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

LebanonVklley College 

of Pennsylvania 




Undergraduate 

and 

Graduate 

Catalog 

1990 - 1991 



125th Anniversary Issue 

Founded 1866 



Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 



Cover: Professor Susan Verhoek with biology student Linda Stine in the 
Garber Science Center solarium. Photo by Kevin Weber. 

Page two: Top photograph of Professor John Norton by Kevin Weber. 
Bottom photograph of Professor Richard Cornelius with junior Lance 
Dieter by Seitz and Seitz Photography. 

Lebanon Valley College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic 
origin, sex, age, religion or handicap. 

Production of this catalog is under the direction of the Registrar's Office. Information included 
is correct as of the date of publication. Unexpected changes may occur during the academic 
year; therefore, the listing of a course or program in this catalog does not constitute a 
guarantee or contract that the particular course or program will be offered during a given year. 



Lebanon Wley College 

of Pennsylvania 



Undergraduate 

and 

Graduate 

Catalog 

1990 - 1991 



125th Anniversary Issue 

Founded 1866 



Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Academic Calendar 

1990-1991 4 

1991-1992 5 

Campus Map 6 

Mission of Lebanon Valley College 7 

Undergraduate Information 

Admissions 8 

Continuing Education 10 

Undergraduate Academic Regulations & Procedures 

Degrees 11 

Academic Procedures 13 

Non-Traditional Credit 16 

Grading System 18 

Special Programs 23 

Undergraduate Academic Programs 

General Education 24 

Leadership Studies Scholar Program 26 

Honors Program 28 

Cooperative Programs 30 

Internships 32 

Independent Study 34 

Tutorial Study 36 

Special Topics Courses 36 

Departmental Programs 36 

Undergraduate Degree Requirements 
and Course Descriptions 66 

Graduate Academic Programs 

Admissions 142 

Academic Procedures 143 

Degree Requirements 146 

Course Descriptions 146 

Directory 

Board of Trustees 150 

Administration 153 

Faculty 159 

Support Staff 167 



1990 - 1991 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 



FIRST SEMESTER 



August 


23 


Thursday, 8:00 a.m. 




23 


Thursday, 10:00 a.m. 




23 


Thursday, 2:00 p.m. 




26 


Sunday, Noon 




27 


Monday, 8:00-11:30 a.m. 




27 


Monday, 6:00 p.m. 




28 


Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 


October 


8 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 




12 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




16 


Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 




19 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 


November 


16 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 




26 


Monday, 8:00 a.m. 



Residence halls open new students 

Freshman Experience 

Opening Convocation 

Residence halls open 

Add/Drop Day 

Evening classes begin 

Day classes begin 

Mid-term grades due 
Mid-term pause begins 
Classes resume 
Change of registration deadline 

Thanksgiving vacation begins 
Classes resume 



December 7 Friday, 9:30 p.m. 

10-14 Monday-Friday 

14 Friday, 9:30 p.m. 



Classes end 

Final examinations 

Semester ends 



SECOND SEMESTER 



January 


13 


Sunday, Noon 




14 


Monday, 8:00-10:00 a.m. 




14 


Monday, 10:00 a.m. 


February 


25 


Monday, 5:00 p.m. 


March 


8 


Friday, 5:00 p.m. 




22 


Friday, 9:30 p.m. 


April 


2 


Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 


May 


2 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 




4-9 


Saturday-Thursday 




9 


Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 




11 


Saturday, 9:00 a.m. 




11 


Saturday, 11:00 a.m. 



Residence halls open 
Add/Drop Day 
Classes begin 

Mid-term grades due 

Change of Registration deadline 
Spring vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end 

Final examinations 

Semester ends 

Baccalaureate Service 

122nd Annual Commencement 



1991 - 1992 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 



FIRST SEMESTER 



August 22 Thursday, 8:00 a.m. 

22 Thursday, 10:00 a.m. 

22 Thursday, 2:00 p.m. 

25 Sunday, Noon 

26 Monday, 8:00-11:30 a.m. 

26 Monday, 6:00 p.m. 

27 Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 



Residence halls open new students 

Freshman Experience 

Opening Convocation 

Residence halls open 

Add/Drop Day 

Evening classes begin 

Day Classes begin 



October 



9 
18 



Friday, 5:00 p.m. 
Tuesday, 8:00 a.m. 
Wednesday, 5:00 p.m. 
Friday, 5:00 p.m. 



Fall break begins 

Classes resume 

Mid-term grades due 

Change of Registration deadline 



November 22 



Friday, 9:30 p.m. 



Thanksgiving vacation begins 



December 2 Monday, 8:00 a.m. 

6 Friday, 9:30 p.m. 

9-13 Monday-Friday 

13 Friday, 9:30 p.m. 



Classes resume 
Classes end 
Final examinations 
Semester ends 



SECOND SEMESTER 



January 12 Sunday, Noon 

13 Monday, 8:00-10:00 a.m. 

13 Monday, 10:00 a.m. 



Residence halls open 
Add Drop Day 
Classes begin 



February 



24 



Monday, 5:00 p.m. 



Mid-term grades due 



March 



6 

6 

16 



Friday, 5:00 p.m. 
Friday, 9:30 p.m. 
Monday, 8:00 a.m. 



Change of Registration deadline 
Spring vacation begins 
Day classes resume 



April 15 Wednesday, 9:30 p.m. 

20 Monday, 7:00 p.m. 

30 Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 



Easter Vacation 
Classes resume 
Classes end 



May 2-7 Saturday-Thursday 

7 Thursday, 9:30 p.m. 

9 Saturday, 9:00 a.m. 

9 Saturday, 11:00 a.m. 



Final examinations 
Semester ends 
Baccalaureate Sendee 
123rd Annual Commencement 



Lebanon 

Valley 

College 




' /ACADEMIC AND 
ADMINISTRATIVE QUADRANGLE 

1. Humanities Center and Administrative Offices: 
Academic Departments; History and American 
Studies Department, Political Science and 
Economics Department. Administrative Offices; 
Business Office, Controller and Treasurer, 
Continuing Education Office, Media Services, 
President, Registrar, Secretary of the College, 
Security and Safety, Telephone Services, 

Vice President and Dean of the College and 
Vice President for Administration 

2. Blair Music Center: Education Department, Music 
Department, Lutz Recital Hall, and Sound 
Recording Technology Studios 

3. Miller Chapel: Religion and Philosophy Depart- 
ment, Chaplain, and Student Activities Offices 

4. Academic Center: Emmett C. Roop Management 
Department Wing, Mathematical Sciences 
Department, Computer Services Department 

5. Art Studios 

6. Garber Science Center: Biology Department, 
Chemistry Department, Physics Department, 
Psychology Department, and ROTC 

7. Gossard Library 

8. Carnegie Building: Admission and Financial Aid 
Office, Student Affairs Office, and Career Planning 
and Placement Center 

9. Laughlin Hall: Advancement Office, Alumni 
Programs Office, Annual Giving Office, College 
Relations Office, Development Office, Planned 
Giving Office, Publications Office, Sports Infor- 
mation Office 

10. Wagner House: Sociology and Social Work 
Department, Leadership Studies Program, and 
Academic Support Center 

11. English House ( 1 12 College Avenue): English 
Department 

12. Foreign Language House ( 104 College Avenue): 
Foreign Language Department 

13. Fencil Building 



RESIDENTIAL QUADRANGLE 

Allan W. Mund College Center: Conference 
Services Office, Dining Halls, Little Theater, Snack 
Shop, Student Activities Offices, Student Life 
Programs Office, WLVC 

15. Mary Capp Green Residence Hall 

16. Vickroy Residence Hall 

17. Keister Residence Hall 

18. Hammond Residence Hall 

19. Funkhouser Residence Hall 

20. Silver Residence Hall 

21 . North College Residence Hall 

22. Shroyer Health Center 

23. Centre Residence Hall 

SPORTS AND RECREATION 
COMPLEX 

24. Lynch Memorial Intercollegiate Athletics and 
Physical Education Center 

25. Arnold Sports and Recreation Complex 

26. Edward H. Arnold Sports Center: Indoor Track, 
Pool, Recreational Facilities 

27. Football Stadium and All-Weather Track 

28. Soccer Field 

29. Baseball Field 

30. Field Hockey Field 

31. Tennis Courts 

32. Softball Field 

OTHER FACILITIES 

33. Kreiderheim: President's Residence 

34. Main Campus Entrance 

35. South Campus Entrance 

36. Bollinger Plaza 

37. Heating Plant 

38. Annville United Methodist Church 

39. Maintenance Shops/Storage 

40. Maintenance Offices 

PARKING LOTS 

41. East 45. Arnold Sports Center 

42. Residence Halls 46. South 

43. Mund 47. Garber 

44. Arnold Field 48. Laughlin 



THE MISSION OF THE COLLEGE 

The Mission of Lebanon Valley College arises directly from its origins as a church 
related college. We emphasize that fact by maintaining affiliation with the United 
Methodist Church and by affirming the Judeo-Christian tradition as the perspec- 
tive for our policies. 

The best way to understand the mission of Lebanon Valley College is to focus on 
what it is we hope for our students. We want our students: 

to develop a genuine concern for cooperative living and community 
service; 

to attain a heightened sense of moral and spiritual values through a 
deepened awareness of how people have thought of themselves in 
relation to nature, to society, and to God; 

to appreciate the close and unmistakable relationship among 
rational thought, creative imagination, and moral commitment; and 
to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, and the 
future and their interrelationship. 

This assertion of hope for our students possesses three distinctive characteristics. 
( 1 ) While this is not a list of priorities in rank order, neither is it mere coincidence 
that cooperation with and service to others comes first. (2) Moral commitment is 
not affirmed as one of a laundry list of qualities nor does it appear as an 
afterthought. Rather it is inherent or explicit in all the desired outcomes. ( 3 ) The 
broad description of our program which these objectives implies identifies quali- 
ties which we attempt to achieve through both general education and major study, 
but the stress throughout is on interrelationships, not on knowledge in isolation. 
We want our students to be as knowledgeable, as aesthetically sensitive, as skillful 
as possible, but we want more than that for them. 

The motto of the College, taken from the Gospel of John is "You shall know the 
truth and the truth shall make you free." But our aim is not merely to free our 
students from ignorance, superstition, prejudice, narrowness of vision. It is also 
to free them for a life of service to others. That purpose we affirm in the concept 
of leadership which gives focus to the ideals of education by reiterating the central 
value of the liberal arts tradition in a democratic society: to prepare people to make 
a difference, to contribute significantly to their various communities. 



UNDERGRADUATE INFORMATION 

Admissions For Day Students 
High School Preparation 

All admission candidates should have completed 16 credit units and graduated 
from an accredited secondary school, or present an equivalency certificate (G.E.D. ). 
Of the 16 units, 4 should be in English, 2 in foreign language, 2 in mathematics, 
1 in science and 1 in social studies. 



Application Procedure 

A candidate for admission to Lebanon Valley College must submit a completed 
application form with the required application fee, Scholastic Aptitude or American 
College Test results and an official transcript of high school grades. Students 
planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley must submit official transcripts of 
completed college or university work. Lebanon Valley College does not require the 
College Board Achievement Test. 

All candidates are encouraged to visit the campus for a personal interview. 
Applicants for admission into music, sacred music or music education programs 
are required to audition on campus; audition applications are available from the 
Admissions Office. For further information contact: 

Admissions Office 
Lebanon Valley College 
Annville, PA 17003-0501 
(717) 867-6181 

or 
(800) 445-6181 



Student Finances 

Payment for tuition, room, board, and other charges is due by a published deadline 
prior to the beginning of each semester. Students failing to meet this deadline will 
be required to make special arrangements with the Business Office before their 
course registrations will be processed. Questions about student finances should be 
addressed to the Business Office. 



Refund Policy 

Students withdrawing from a course, or the school, will receive a refund prorated 
according to the following schedule: 

Time Period Refund 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 80% 

During the third week of classes 50% 

After the third week of classes 0% 

Summer School 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 50% 

After the second week of classes 0% 

Part-time and continuing education students should consult the refund schedule 
published by the Continuing Education Office. 

No refund is allowed on room charges. 

Deferred Payment 

Lebanon Valley College offers a deferred payment plan for those 
families who, after exploring other options, are unable to meet the College's 
prepayment requirements. Two agents have been appointed to process deferred 
payment applications for Lebanon Valley College: 

Academic Management Services IPP/HES Trust 

Pawtucket, Rhode Island 02861 c/o Municipal Services Dept. 

Phone: 1-800-556-6684 Dauphin Deposit Bank and Trust Co. 

P.O. Box 2937 
> Harrisburg, PA 17105 

The College has no financial interest in either of these plans and offers them as 
a convenience to students and parents. Students who are receiving monthly Social 
Security or Veteran's Education Benefits may defer the amount covered by these 
benefits. 



Continuing Education Center 

Lebanon Valley College's Continuing Education Center offers credit programs on 
four levels: certificate, associate, baccalaureate, and diploma. Certificates are 
starter programs that approximate the beginning of a four-year college experi- 
ence, ideal spring-boards from which to go on for an associate or bachelor's degree. 
Diploma programs are intended for persons who have already been awarded a 
bachelor's degree in one discipline and desire to study another discipline in some 
depth and breadth. 

A second bachelor's degree may be awarded to adult students who already have 
received a bachelor of arts or sciences from LVC or another accredited college or 
university. In such cases, students only must complete the major requirements for 
the second degree or a minimum of thirty credits, whichever is greater. 

Courses in the Continuing Education Center are offered on the Annville campus 
in evenings, on weekends and in summer sessions. 

The Continuing Education Center publishes course schedules fall, spring and 
summer. To obtain copies of course schedules or to receive detailed information 
on all academic programs for adults call 717-867-6213 or write Continuing 
Education Center, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 17003-0501. 

A candidate for admission to any of Lebanon Valley College's Continuing Educa- 
tion degree programs must submit a completed application form with the required 
application fee. An official high school transcript is required. Adult students 
planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley also must submit official transcripts of any 
completed college or university courses. Official transcripts relating to military or 
business courses also may prove to be useful. Although students may begin taking 
classes before they have been accepted, they must speak with a counselor before 
registering for the courses. To arrange an admissions interview with a counselor 
call 717-867-6213. Decisions on all adult student applications usually are made 
within one month after the last required transcript is received. 



10 



UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC 
REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES 

Attendance at Lebanon Valley College is a privilege not a right. To provide the 
necessary atmosphere in which teaching and learning can occur, the College 
expects that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. 
The College has the right to require the withdrawal of any student whose actions 
are inimical to the purposes of the institution. The following academic regulations 
are announcements and do not constitute a contract between the student and the 
College. The College reserves the right to change these regulations and procedures 
as it deems necessary for the accomplishment of its purposes, but wherever pos- 
sible, a student will proceed to graduation under the regulations in effect at the 
time of his/her entrance at the College. 

Degrees 

Baccalaureate Degrees 

Lebanon Valley College confers eight baccalaureate degrees. Bachelor of Arts for 
students completing requirements in the following major programs: American 
studies, economics, English, foreign language, French, general studies, German, 
history, music, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, sociology, Spanish 
and certain individualized majors. 

Bachelor of Science for students completing requirements in the following major 
programs: accounting, actuarial science, health care management, biochemistry, 
biology, chemistry, computer information systems, computer science, cooperative 
engineering, cooperative forestry, economics, elementary education, general 
studies, hotel management, international business, management, mathematics, 
music education, physics, psychobiology, and certain individualized majors. 
Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, 
Bachelor of Music, Bachelor of Music in Sacred Music, and Bachelor of Music in 
Sound Recording Technology, and Bachelor of Social Work for students complet- 
ing requirements for the appropriate major program. 

Associate Degrees 

Through the Continuing Education Center, students may earn the Associate of 
Science degree in accounting, general studies or management or the Associate of 
Arts degree in general studies. 



11 



Privacy of Student Records 

In accordance with the Family Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, the College does not 
release any student education records without written consent and request of the 
student, or as prescribed by law. 

A student has the right to inspect his or her educational records maintained by the 
College. It is the student's responsibility to contact the appropriate office of the 
College to make the necessaryarrangements. 

The College makes public such directory information as name, address,telephone, 
date of birth, major field of study, degrees and awards received, previous schools 
attended, participation in activities, and athletic information. 

Credit Hours 

A credit hour is the unit to measure academic progress. Each course has a credit 
designation approximately equal to the number of hours to be spent in class each 
week. A course requiring three hours of class attendance each week will carry 
three credit hours. Credit for laboratories is generally awarded at one-half the 
regular rate. 

Graduation Requirements 

Candidates for a baccalaureate degree must obtain 122 credit hours, except for 
continuing education students who are exempt from the physical education re- 
quirement and must obtain 120 credit hours. Credit hours are accumulated in 
three separate categories: general education requirements, major requirements, 
and electives. 

Candidates for an associate degree must accumulate at least 60 credit hours 
including the course work appropriate to their major program. Fifteen of the last 
eighteen credit hours toward the degree must be in residence. 

The general education program is that part of the curriculum that is shared by 
all students in all majors. The nine areas of required courses reflect 45 - 49 
credit hours. 

The major programs each require at least 24 credit hours of course work. 

Electives are those courses selected by the student that reflect neither major 
nor general education requirements. 

Candidates for degrees must also take in residence 30 credit hours of the 36 taken 
immediately prior to graduation. Course work taken in all of the College's 
programs qualify as work done in residence. 



12 






Advising Program 

Each student has a faculty advisor whose role is to counsel about registration 
procedures, course selections, academic requirements, and regulations. The 
student is required to obtain the advisor's counsel and approval before registra- 
tion, withdrawal, election of pass/fail option, and/or change in credit/audit status. 

Academic Procedures 

Arrangement of Schedules 

Each student arranges a semester program of courses in consultation with, and 
by approval of, his or her faculty advisor. Students already in attendance do this 
during registration periods. New students accomplish this on orientation days. 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full-time, a student must take at least twelve credit hours in 
a semester. Seventeen credit hours is the maximum permitted without approval 
from the student's advisor and permission of the Registrar. Audited courses are 
counted in determining the course load, but physical education and music 
organizations are not. To be permitted to take more than 17 credits the student 
should have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or higher, or be enrolled in 
the Honors Program, or be a senior. Students shall pay the prevailing tuition rate 
for each credit hour beyond 17 (not counting physical education and music 
organizations). 

Class Standing 

Students are classified academically at the beginning of each year. Membership 
in the sophomore, junior or senior classes is granted to students who have earned 
a minimum of 28, 56, or 84 credit hours respectively. 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another accred- 
ited institution shall send an official transcript to the Dean of Admissions. If 
requested, the student must provide copies of the appropriate catalogs for the 
years of attendance at the other institution or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided the grades are C- (1.67) or better and 
the work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley College. 
Grades thus transferred count for credit hours only, not for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally accred- 
ited college can be admitted with full acceptance of course work at the previously 
attended institution. Course work in the major field, however, for which the 
applicant has received a D shall not be counted toward fulfilling the major 
requirement. 

13 



Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of full 
acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding that the 
candidate has followed a basic course of study compatible with the curriculum and 
academic programs of the College and has been enrolled in a transfer program. A 
total of 60 credits will be accepted for an associate degree and 57 credits for a 
diploma program. A maximum of 90 credit hours will be accepted toward a 
baccalaureate degree. 

In most instances the applicant may be expected to complete the baccalaureate 
degree within two years. However, when the requirements of a particular major 
field or the nature of the previous study demand additional work beyond two 
years, the applicant will normally be notified at the time of admission. 

Discontinuance of Courses 

The College reserves the right to withdraw or discontinue any course. 

Registration and Preregistration 

Students are required to register for courses on designated days of each semester. 
Students who register later than the designated times shall be charged a fee. 
Students desiring to register later than one week after the opening of the semester 
will be admitted only by special permission of the Registrar. 

A major course of study must be declared no earlier than the end of the second 
semester Freshman year, but no later than when 30 credit hours have been 
completed. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, changes of course hours 
credit, changes from credit to audit and vice versa, must be approved by signature 
of the advisor. In most instances, registration for a course shall not be permitted 
after the course has been in session for one full week. With the permission of the 
advisor, a student may withdraw from a course at any time through the last day 
of semester classes (see grading policy). A fee is charged for every change of course 
made at the student's request after Add/Drop Day. 

Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with the approval of their academic 
advisor. Audited courses are counted in considering the course load relative to the 
limit of hours. No grade or credit is given for an audited course, but the registrar 
will record the audit on the transcript if the student attends regularly. A change 
of registration from credit to audit or from audit to credit must be accomplished 
by the end of the eighth week of semester classes. 



14 



Pass/Fail 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 credit hours) a student may elect to take 
up to two courses per semester and one per summer session on pass/fail basis; 
however, only six such courses can be counted toward graduation requirements. 
No courses taken pass/fail may be used to meet either general education, major 
requirements, or pre- or co-requisites for classes. A student may select or cancel 
a pass/fail registration any time during the first eight weeks of a semester. Passing 
with honors will be designated by the grade PH indicating that a grade of B+ or 
higher was earned. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student receiving a grade of D+ or lower in a course may repeat that course once 
for a higher grade. For purposes of graduation requirements semester hours credit 
count only once. For purposes of cumulative point average only the higher grade 
counts; but the lower grade remains on the permanent record card. If a course 
failed at Lebanon Valley is repeated at another institution the credit may be 
transferred, but the original grade remains part of the cumulative point average. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry courses 
concurrently at any other institution without prior consent of his or her advisor 
and the Registrar. 

External Summer Courses 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for the 
courses taken during the summer in another college, unless such courses have 
prior approval of his or her advisor and the Registrar. 

Attendance Policy 

Each student is responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements for each 
course, including regular class attendance. At the opening of each semester the 
instructors shall clearly inform students of class attendance regulations. Violations 
of those regulations shall make the student liable to receive a grade of F in the 
course. Upon the recommendation of the instructor and the approval of the 
Registrar a grade of W will be assigned during the eight weeks of the semester, 
and an F will be assigned after that date. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the necessity of fulfilling all course 
requirements. 



15 



Advanced Placement 

Advanced Placement with credit for appropriate courses shall be granted to 
entering students who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced Placement 
examinations. For scores of 3, final determination is made by the appropriate 
department. Advanced Placement without credit may be granted on the basis of 
the Achievement Tests of the College Board examinations or such other proficiency 
tests as may be determined by the Registrar and by the chairperson of the 
department. 

Second Bachelor's Degrees 

A person who has earned a bachelor's degree from Lebanon Valley College or 
another accredited college or university may earn a second bachelor's degree by 
meeting the following requirements: 

1. A minimum of 30 additional undergraduate credits must be completed suc- 
cessfully at Lebanon Valley. 

2. All graduation requirements for the major of the second degree must be met 
satisfactorily. 

3. Course work completed successfully as part of the first degree program may 
be used to satisfy the graduation requirements of the second major. 

4. No course already taken in the first degree program may be repeated in the 
second degree program. 

5. Teacher Certification credits may not be counted toward a second degree. 

6. Graduates from other accredited colleges or universities shall not be required 
to meet any Lebanon Valley general education requirements. 

7. No courses in the second degree program may be met satisfactorily through such 
non-traditional means as Challenge Examinations, CLEP, or Credit for Life 
Experience. 

8. No internships may be used to satisfy the 30 credit rule, unless such internship 
is required in the second degree program. 

9. No courses in the second degree program may be taken Pass/Fail. 

Undergraduate Non-Traditional Credit 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes the ability of highly motivated students to 
master specific areas of study on their own initiative and provides programs to 
allow these students the opportunity to gain credit. Any matriculated student 
may earn a maximum of 30 credits toward a bachelor's degree or a maximum of 
15 credits toward an associate's degree through non-traditional means (experien- 
tial credit, advanced placement, CLEP, challenge examinations). 



16 



Challenge Exams Policy 

Only the courses listed in the College curriculum may be challenged for credit. 
Full-time students should request challenge examinations through their aca- 
demic advisors. Part-time students and those students enrolled through the 
continuing education program should make application or challenge exams 
through the Continuing Education Center. All requests must be approved by the 
Registrar and the chairperson of the department in which the course is listed. 

Challenge exams are considered to be comprehensive examinations in the subject 
area and are graded Pass/Fail. The grading criteria for passing a challenge exam 
shall be determined by each department. There is a fee for each challenge 
examination. This fee is for preparation and grading of the examination and is 
charged without regard to the test results. Challenge exams may not be taken by 
students who have received any grade in a course equivalent to or more advanced 
than the course for which the student is requesting credit by examination. 
Challenge exams may not be used for the purpose of acquiring credit for a course 
previously failed. Practicums, internships, seminars, research courses, independent 
study, and courses with required laboratory components are not subject to credit 
by examination. 

CLEP (College Level Examination Program) Policy 

Credit shall be granted to those students who score well on CLEP examinations 
that are approved by the College. To receive credit, a student must score above the 
50th percentile on the objective section and above a C, as determined by the 
appropriate academic department, on the essay section. 

A maximum of 6 credits shall be awarded for each examination; of these credits, 
only 3 may be applied to the general education requirements, in the appropriate 
area. Credit shall be granted only to students who have matriculated at Lebanon 
Valley College. 

Normally, requests for CLEP credit must be approved by the Registrar before the 
student has completed 30 credits. 

Credit for Life Experience Policy 

Lebanon Valley College provides for the awarding of undergraduate academic 
credit for knowledge acquired through non-academic experience in subjects in the 
College curriculum. The experience should have a direct relation to the material 
taught in a course in the College curriculum and should extend over a sufficient 
period to provide substantive knowledge in the relevant area. Matriculated 
students who believe they qualify for such credit may petition the appropriate 
department through academic advisors. Students enrolled in the Continuing 
Education program must petition through the Continuing Education Center. This 



17 



petition must (1) detail the relevant experience in question, (2) provide appropri- 
ate supporting evidence, (3) note the equivalent College course by department and 
number, and (4) state the number of credit hours sought. The appropriate 
department will consult with the academic advisor or the Continuing Education 
Center to determine the best means (interview, examination, portfolio, etc.) for 
evaluating the experience. 

Approval of experiential credit for full-time students must be made in writing over 
the signatures of the academic advisor, the appropriate department chairperson, 
and the Dean of the College. Approval of experiential credit for students enrolled 
through the continuing education program must be made in writing over the 
signatures of the Director of Continuing Education, the appropriate department 
chairperson, and the Dean of the College. 

Experiential credit cannot exceed six credit hours in one academic year and cannot 
exceed a maximum of twelve credit hours in the degree program. 

Grading Systems and Grade Point Averages 

Student work is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), C 
(satisfactory achievement), D (requirements and standards met a minimum 
level), F (Course requirements not met). For each credit hour in a course, students 
receive the following quality points: 



A 


4.00 


A- 


3.67 


B + 


3.33 


B 


3.00 


B- 


2.67 


C + 


2.33 


c 


2.00 


C- 


1.67 


D + 


1.33 


D 


1.00 


D- 


.67 


F 


.00 



The numerical values of grades are as follows: 



A 


90-100 


B 


80-89 


C 


70-79 


D 


60-69 


F 


59 and below 



18 



F carries no credit or quality points, but grades of F are used in calculating the 
grade point averages. The cumulative grade point average is calculated by 
dividing the quality points by the credit hours completed. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 2.00, and 
a major grade point average of 2.00. Only grades in courses taken at Lebanon 
Valley College, and the LVC-Washington Semester programs are used to deter- 
mine grade point averages. 

Students in the classes of 1991 and 1992 and all continuing education degree 
candidates admitted before July 1, 1989 must meet graduation requirements by 
earning a cumulative grade point average of 1.75. Students in the classes of 1993 
and 1994 and all continuing education candidates admitted after July 1, 1989 
meet graduation requirements of earning a grade point average of 2.00. All 
students must have a 2.00 grade point average in their major, any second major, 
and any minor. 

A student may not take a course that has a prerequisite course he/she has failed. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I, W, WP, and WF are used. I indicates 
that the work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the student for 
substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor), but otherwise 
satisfactory. This work must be completed within the first eight weeks of the next 
semester, or the I will be changed to an F. Appeals for an extension of time must 
be presented to the registrar by the first week of the next semester. W indicates 
withdrawal from a course through the eighth week of semester classes. In case of 
withdrawal from a course thereafter through the last day of semester classes, the 
symbol WP is used if the work has been satisfactory and WF if unsatisfactory. The 
grade of WF is calculated as an F in the grade point averages. For physical 
education a grade of either S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory) is recorded. 

Once a grade has been recorded it may not be changed without the approval of the 
instructor and the Registrar. Students who feel the grade may be inaccurate 
should contact the instructor at once, but in no case later than the end of the 
semester following the course in question. 

Academic and Graduation Honors 

The Dean's List 

Students achieving a 3.40 grade point average while carrying at least 12 credit 
hours for grade shall be named to the Dean's List at the end of each semester. 



IP 



Graduation Honors 

After completing a minimum of 60 credit hours of residence work a student may 
qualify for graduation honors. The honors to be conferred are Summa Cum Laude 
for grade point averages of 3.75 - 4.0, Magna Cum Laude for grade point averages 
of 3.60 - 3.74, and Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.40 - 3.59. 

Departmental Honors 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors work during 
the junior and senior years. For specific information,interested students should 
contact the appropriate department chairperson. Generally, departmental honors 
consist of a reading and/or research project producing a thesis or essay. This 
project is undertaken on a subject of the student's own choosing under the 
supervision of a faculty advisor. Opportunity also exists to do creative work. A 
maximum of 9 hours credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 

Students graduating with grade point averages of 3.50 are eligible for induction 
into Phi Alpha Epsilon, provided they have earned a minimum of 60 credit hours 
of residence work. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. Academic 
dishonesty shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, no action shall be taken beyond failure 
from the course, at the option of the faculty member. A letter of warning shall be 
sent to the student by the Dean of the College, explaining the policy regarding 
further offenses, and the right of appeal. 

For a second offense, failure in the course is mandatory, and the Dean shall so 
inform the faculty member(s) involved. Additionally, the Dean of the College has 
the authority to take further action, up to and including expulsion from the College. 

For a third offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the College are 
mandatory. 

The Dean of the College has the authority to make a determination of whether 
actions or reasonable suspicions of actions by a student constitute academic 
dishonesty "offenses" as above. 

Information related to academic dishonesty offenses must be passed by the faculty 
member to the Dean of the College. The Dean shall retain the information for at 
least as long as the student involved is enrolled at the College. Information and 



20 



evidence concerning academic dishonesty are the property of the College. 

All actions against a student for academic dishonesty offenses can be appealed to 
the Dean of the College, who will serve as final arbiter. 

Probation and Suspension 

Students in Classes of 1991 and 1992 can be placed on academic probation, 
suspended or dismissed if their academic standing fails to come up to the grade 
point average shown in the following table: 



Suspension 




or 


Probation 


Dismissal 


1st semester 


1.25 




2nd semester 


1.50 


1.25 cumulative 


3rd semester 


1.65 




4th semester 


1.75 


1.50 cumulative 


5th semester 


1.75 




6th semester 


1.75 


1.65 cumulative 


7th semester 


1.75 


in all courses 


8th semester 


1.75 





Students in the Classes of 1993 and 1994 can be placed on academic probation, 
suspended or dismissed if their academic standing fails to come up to the grade 
point average shown in the following table: 



Semester Hours 

1-18 
19-36 
37-54 
55-72 
73-90 
91 or more 





Suspension or 


Probation 


Dismissal 


1.50 




1.60 


1.50 cumulative 


1.70 




1.80 


1.70 cumulative 


1.90 




2.00 


1.90 cumulative 



A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the Dean of 
the College and informed of the College regulations governing probationers. 
Students on probation are expected to regulate their work and their time in a most 



21 



determined effort to bring their performances up to the required standard. A 
student on probation who desires to begin a new activity or continue in an activity 
already begun, shall submit an appeal to the Associate Dean for Students. After 
consultation with the student's major advisor and parents, the Associate Dean for 
Students will render a binding decision. 

A student suspended for academic reasons normally is not eligible for reinstatement 
for one semester. A student seeking reinstatement must petition in writing to the 
Dean of the College. 

A student twice suspended shall be considered for readmission only after complet- 
ing appropriate academic work at an accredited college. 

Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

To withdraw from College a student must complete an official withdrawal form 
obtained from the Registrar. Continuing Education students must complete an 
official withdrawal form obtained from the Continuing Education Director. 
Readmission of a student requires written permission from the Dean of the 
College. 

Veterans' Services 

Veterans who are eligible to receive educational benefits must report their 
enrollment to the Registrar after they register for each semester or summer 
session. The Registrar will then submit certification to the Veterans Administration. 

Veterans who are attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time must 
complete the appropriate forms in the Registrar's Office before certification will 
be sent to the Veteran Administration. 

Veterans with questions about the College or their status with the College should 
contact the Registrar. 

Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges 

Lebanon Valley College has been designated as an institutional member of 
Serviceman's Opportunity Colleges (SOC), a group of over 400 colleges providing 
postsecondary education to members throughout the world. As an SOC member, 
Lebanon Valley College recognizes the unique nature of the military lifestyle and 
has committed itself to easing the transfer of relevant course credits, providing 
flexible residency requirements, and crediting learning from appropriate military 
training and experiences. 

22 



Teacher Certification 

for Non-Matriculated Students 

Lebanon Valley College offers teacher certification to a variety of special students. 
Students with degrees from other colleges, or teachers seeking certification in 
other fields, or Lebanon Valley College alumni seeking certification for the first 
time may receive certification. All students must present official transcripts of 
college work, or their previous teacher certification to the Registrar. The 
Education Department, the Registrar and the appropriate academic department 
shall evaluate the record and recommend the appropriate course of action. A fee 
shall be charged for this service. 

Off-Campus Programs 

The College offers several off-campus experiences for which students may register 
and receive credit. 

Study Abroad 

Students have opportunity for study abroad through the College's membership in 
the International Student Exchange Program, which consists of a network of more 
than 150 colleges and universities in 24 countries and through the Lebanon Valley 
College in Cologne Program. Details are available from the Associate Academic 
Dean. The College also assists students in locating and gaining admission to other 
foreign study programs; however participation in programs other than the 
International Student Exchange Program may affect the level of financial aid 
provided. In all cases, the proposed course of study must be approved by the 
appropriate department. 

Washington Semester Program 

Juniors and seniors in any major field, who have at least a 2.5 grade point average 
and have had basic courses in American national government, are eligible to 
participate in this program with approval of their department chairperson. This 
program is offered in cooperation with The American University in Washington, 
DC. Information is available from the chairperson of the Department of Political 
Science and Economics. 



28 



Undergraduate Academic Programs 

General Education Program and Requirements 

Through the General Education Program, the College most directly expresses its 
commitment to the ideal of liberal education that underlies its statement of 
purpose. The Program consists of three elements: Leadership Studies, the Core, 
and Distributive Requirements. The program's chief goals are to provide the 
essential foundation for the growth of knowledge and for making the connections 
between experience and learning. All degree students must complete the program 
outlined below. 

Leadership Studies 

In keeping with its commitment to fostering an understanding and enhancing the 
development of leadership the College requires all students to complete success- 
fully a course in this area. 

Area 1 . Leadership Studies. 3 credit hours . To introduce all students to theories 
of leadership and to analyze practical applications of those theories. LSP 100 or 
LSP 111 (for Leadership Award students and other students as approved by the 
Director of Leadership Programs). 

Core 

The College requires that all students successfully complete the following inter- 
disciplinary courses: 

GED 120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of how 
life in the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical developments 
in Europe and America, including the growth of science, the rise of national states, 
social classes and values, and changing views of the world. 3 credits. 

GED 140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human 
behavior. The nature and definition of culture. The biological and social sources 
of culture. Culture, language, personality. The impact of culture on social life and 
on the individual; examples from Western and non-Western sources. 3 credits. 

GED 160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Inter-rela- 
tionships among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus content. 
Art as the product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 



24 



Distributive Requirements 

By requiring students to study a variety of academic areas the distribution 
requirement encourages each student to acquire an understanding of the broad 
spectrum of ideas and patterns of thinking that constitute the liberal arts. No 
course taken pass/fail or required for the first major may be used to meet the 
distribution requirement. Mathematics and computer science majors are exempt 
from the requirements of Area 3. 

Area 2. Communications. 6 credit hours. To develop effective speaking and 
writing skills. Two sequential courses in English composition. ENG 111, 112, or 
HON 201. 

Area 3. Mathematics and Computers. 3-6 credit hours. To understand math- 
ematics as a way of thinking and as a tool for problem solving. One integrated 
mathematics/computer course (MAS 100) or one mathematics course and one 
computer course. Eligible courses are CSC 147 or 170 plus one from MAS 111, 150, 
160, 161, 170. MAS 100 fulfills entire requirement. 

Area 4. Foreign Language. 6 credit hours. To gain perspective on the role of 
language in human affairs. Two sequential courses in a foreign language (or 
exemption by examination). All foreign language courses numbered 101, 102, 201, 
202 are eligible. 

Area 5. Historical and Cultural Contexts. 6 credit hours. To establish and 
explore the nature of human society. GED 120 and GED 140; or HON 202. 

Area 6. Science and Technology. 7 - 8 credit hours. To discover scientific 
principles and discuss related moral and ethical questions. Two laboratory 
courses in biology, chemistry, physics or psychology (the two courses need not be 
in the same science). Eligible courses are BIO 101, 102, 111, 112, CHM 100, 111, 
112, 113, 114, PHY 100, 103, 104, 111, 112, or PSY 120. 

Area 7. Aesthetic Experience. 6 credit hours. To learn to appreciate works of 
art and gain insight into creative process. GED 160 and one course in art, music 
or literature. Eligible courses are ART 110, 201, 203, ENG 200, 227, 228, FRN 311. 
312, GMN 311, 312, MSC 100, 341, 342, SPA 311, 312; or HON 204. 

Area 8. Values, Persons and World Views. 6 credit hours. To explore the 
relationship between world views and value systems. Two courses in religion or 
philosophy (the two courses need not be in the same discipline ). PHL 1 10. 220, 230. 
240, REL 110, 111, 112, 120, 140, 222; or HON 203. 



25 



Area 9. Physical Activity. 2 credit hours. To develop an interest in physical 
activity as a part of total fitness. Two courses in physical education involving 
conditioning or life-long sports. Any physical education course is eligible. 



The Leadership Program 



Leadership Studies is a vital component of the education of every Lebanon Valley 
College student. In addition to the priority on leadership in various disciplinary 
courses, an interdisciplinary course involving the study of leadership theories and 
processes (LSP 100 or LSP 111) is required as part of the General Education 
program for all students. Beyond these basics, Lebanon Valley offers three 
advanced courses in Leadership Studies. 

The Leadership Studies Scholar Program provides a thorough grounding in the 
fundamentals of leadership, in both theory and application. This program consists 
of a four-course sequence spread over the four years of undergraduate study. None 
of these courses may be taken Pass/Fail. 

The Leadership Studies Scholar Program is available to all students in the College 
who wish to continue their study of leadership, both to broaden their understanding 
of leadership theories and processes and to increase their self- awareness in their 
roles as leaders and followers. 

The Leadership Studies Scholar Program seeks to achieve the following outcomes 
for all participating students: 

1. An understanding of the theories and models of leadership. 

2. Knowledge of how people in diverse social and cultural contexts have 
assumed leadership roles and performed as leaders. 

3. A critical awareness of how ethics and values help determine whether 
responsible leadership or mere manipulation (the irresponsible use of 
power and authority) will occur. 

4. Increased self-awareness and understanding of how a person's behavior 
affects relationships in leader/follower situations. 

5. Awareness and appreciation of the responsibilities and difficulties inher- 
ent in leadership. 

6. Enhanced potential to assume a role as leader or responsible follower 
within a group, organization or community. 



26 



Leadership Studies Scholar Program 

LSP 100 or LSP 111; Ethics: REL 222, PHL 220, or HON 202; LSP 350 and LSP 
400. 



Leadership Studies Courses 

100, 111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. 

Theories and concepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their 
practical applications. Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, 
communication skills, conflict resolution, motivation, decision-making, values 
clarification, self-assessment, and ethics. Prerequisite: For LSP 111 permission 
of instructor. 3 credits. 

330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of the 
ethical and valuational questions that reside at the core of both leadership and 
leadership theories. Prerequisite: LSP 100 or 111. 3 credits. 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership as 
exemplified in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other cultures and 
assessment of the student's own leadership style are also included. Prerequisite: 
LSP 100 or 111; PHL 220 or REL 222. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LSP 350. 3-12 credits. 

Faculty: 

Carolyn R. Hanes, Professor of Sociology and Social Work and Leadership 
Studies. Ph.D., University of New Hampshire (see Department of Sociology and 
Social Service). 

Daniel B. McKinley, Director of Leadership Studies. Assistant Professor of 
Leadership Studies. M.A., University of Maryland. M.A.L.S., Wesleyan Univer- 
sity. Mr. McKinley maintains an interest in small group development and offers 
leadership labs for communication skills development. 

Leon E. Markowicz, Professor of Leadership Studies. Ph.D., University of 
Pennsylvania. He teaches courses in the Leadership Studies Program and assists 
in developing and coordinating Leadership internships. He serves local business 
as communications consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of the Pennsylvania 
Writing Project and is active in the Lancaster-Lebanon Writing Council. 



27 



Barbara Jones Denison, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Leadership Studies. 
Ph.D., Northwestern University. She is interested in Leadership and group 
interaction, especially in voluntary organizations, and acts as a consultant for 
religious and women's groups. 

In addition to the appointed faculty, leadership studies courses are offered by 
faculty members from other disciplines within the College. 

Honors Program 

The honors program is designed for superior students who are keenly motivated 
to expand their intellectual horizons, develop their originality and curiosity, and 
challenge their intellectual abilities. 

The program seeks to sharpen critical and analytical thinking, develop verbal and 
written expression, encourage intellectual independence, and foster sensitive and 
informed investigation of human values. 

To achieve these goals, the program offers a demanding, stimulating and integrated 
alternative to the general requirements of the College. 

Entering students and first semester freshman are selected on the basis of 
interviews and scholastic records. 

Requirements: Students graduate with college honors after they have completed 
the honors program with a 3.00 grade point average or better overall and in the 
honors courses. 

Honors Courses 

201. Honors Communication. Writing and speaking clear, grammatical and 
articulate English. Listening and reading well. Searching information sources 
and applying those sources ethically. Analyzing and drawing conclusions. 
3 credits. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of 
society, their origins, and their impact upon human values. Emphasis on the 
interaction of the individual and the socio-cultural environment. Evaluation of the 
approaches of the various social sciences. 6 credits. 



28 



203. Human Existence and Transcendence. A close examination of questions 
and issues pertaining to human existence and the ways in which mankind has 
attempted, religiously and philosophically, to rise above the conditions of human 
existence. This course seeks to describe and examine the commonalities and 
differences between religion and philosophy as each discipline addresses itself to 
existence and transcendence. 6 credits. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, music, and 
plastic art, designed to acquaint students with functions, values and aesthetic and 
cultural contexts of art, as well as to enhance their response to art works. 6 credits. 

Honors Seminars 

The honors seminars are intensive studies of topics offered for junior and senior 
honors students. The honors students choose the topics for the seminars, help 
select the instructors and assist in the design of the seminars with the instructors. 
Each participant in the honors program shall complete two honors seminars. 

Honors Independent Study 

An independent study project, the capstone of the honors program, provides the 
opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the student's own design. 
The project, overseen by a faculty member, must be approved by the Honors 
Director. When acceptable to an academic department such independent study 
may serve as the basis for departmental honors. Upon completion, the project will 
be presented publicly. 3 credits. 

Graduation Requirements 

In addition to the honors program and major requirements, honors students take: 
one leadership course; two (2) one-semester courses in science; two (2) sequential 
courses in a foreign language or exemption by examination or one foreign 
language course at the 300 level; a one-semester integrated course in mathematics 
and computer science (MAS 100) or one course in mathematics and one course in 
computer science; and two (2) courses in physical education. 



29 



Cooperative Programs 
Allied Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College has established a cooperative program ("2+2") with 
Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, PA for students interested in the 
allied health professions. The College of Allied Health Sciences of Thomas 
Jefferson University offers baccalaureate programs in cytotechnology/cytogenet- 
ics, dental hygiene, diagnostic imaging (radiography/ultrasound), medical tech- 
nology, and occupational therapy, and also offers an entry-level master's program 
in physical therapy. 

Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley College taking required courses in 
the basic sciences and other disciplines. During the second year, application is 
made to Thomas Jefferson University. Admission to Thomas Jefferson University 
is not automatic, and depends upon the academic record, recommendations and 
an interview. If accepted, the student spends two years (three years for physical 
therapy) at Thomas Jefferson University taking professional and clinical courses. 
Upon successful completion of the program, the student is awarded a baccalau- 
reate degree (or master, for physical therapy) by Thomas Jefferson University. 

Lebanon Valley College also maintains a cooperative program with Hahnemann 
University in Philadelphia for students interested in medical technology ("2+3"). 
Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley and three years at Hahnemann 
University. The program at Hahnemann University combines both classroom/ 
laboratory study and off-campus salaried work experience. Admission procedures 
are similar to those described above. Upon successful completion of this program, 
the student is awarded the baccalaureate degree by Hahnemann University. 

Engineering 

In the cooperative "3+2" engineering program a student earns a B.S. degree from 
Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of engineering from 
another institution. Lebanon Valley has cooperative agreements with Case 
Western Reserve University, University of Pennsylvania, and Widener Univer- 
sity. Students who pursue this cooperative engineering program take three years 
of work at Lebanon Valley College and then usually take two additional years of 
work in engineering. 



30 



Forestry and Environmental Studies 

Students completing a three-year program at Lebanon Valley College studying 
the liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry and environmental sciences may 
apply for admission to the cooperative forestry program with Duke University. 
Upon completion of the first year of the two-year (plus one summer) program at 
Duke University, the student will receive the Bachelor of Science degree from 
Lebanon Valley College. After completion of the program at Duke, the student will 
receive the professional degree of Master of Forestry (M.F.) or Master of Envi- 
ronmental Management (M.E.M.) from Duke University. Students may major in 
biology, economics, political science, or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

For specific program requirements in forestry, see page 88. For those in environ- 
mental studies, see page 86. 



Medical Technology and Nuclear Medicine Technology 

The student spends three years at Lebanon Valley College taking courses to fulfill 
the requirements of the College and of the National Accrediting Agency for 
Clinical Laboratory Sciences. Before or during the third year of the program, the 
student applies to a hospital with a C AHEA approved school of medical technology 
where he/she spends the fourth year in training. Admission is not automatic and 
depends upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. Upon 
satisfactorily completing the clinical year, the student is awarded the degree of 
Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley College. The College 
is affiliated with the following hospitals: Sacred Heart Hospital (in Allentown), 
Harrisburg Hospital, Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg, Jersey Shore 
Medical Center-Fitkin Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, and Reading Hos- 
pital and Medical Center. However, the student is not limited to these affiliations 
and may seek acceptance at other approved hospitals (refer to the Allied Health 
Professions section for additional programs in medical technology). 

The College offers a program for students interested in nuclear medicine technology 
("3+1"). The College is affiliated with the schools of nuclear medicine technology 
at the University of Virginia Medical Center and J.F. Kennedy Medical Center, 
Edison, NJ. Admission is not automatic and depends upon the academic record, 
recommendations and an interview. Application may also be made to other 
accredited programs. Upon successful completion of the program, students are 
awarded the baccalaureate degree by Lebanon Valley College. 



81 



UNDERGRADUATE 
PROGRAMS OF STUDY 

Internships 

An internship is a practical and professional work experience that allows students 
to participate in the operations of business, industry, education, government, or 
not- for- profit organizations. Internships provide students with the opportunity 
to integrate their classroom learning with on- the- job experience. Students test 
the practical application of their liberal arts learning in a variety of professional, 
service, and occupational settings. 

For one semester hour of credit, the intern should invest at least 45 clock hours of 
time in the internship. The internship essentially involves a contract between the 
student, the faculty advisor, and the on-site internship supervisor. In addition to 
the practical on-site experience, internships typically require special readings, 
reports , j ournals and faculty conferences . Students may enroll for three to twelve 
credit hours of internship in any one semester. A maximum of fifteen credit hours 
in internships may be used towards the graduation requirements. All internships 
have a course number of 400. 

Additionally, Elementary Education and Secondary Education majors are required 
to complete successfully a student teaching field experience. Hotel management 
majors are also required to complete successfully three supervised field experiences 
for a total of 9 credits. There are no internships in art, music, or philosophy. 

The adjacent is a summary of departmental internship policies. 



32 



Internships 



Discipline 


Eligible 


Prerequisite 


Hrs. 


Other 




Students 




Per Sem. 


Requirements 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 


2.75 GPA 


Actuarial 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 




Science 










American 






3-6 




Studies 










Biochemistry 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 


2.00 GPA 


Biology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1-4 




Chemistry 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 


2.00 GPA 


Computer 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 




Science 










Economics 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 


2.75 GPA 


English 


Communications 
Majors only 




1- 12 




French 






1- 12 




German 






1- 12 




History 






3-6 




International 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 






2.75 GPA 


Business 










Leadership 




LSP 350 


3- 12 




Management 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 


2.75 GPA 


Mathematics 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1- 12 




Physics 






1- 12 




Political 




PSC 111 & 112 


1-12 




Science 










Psychobiology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


PSY 100 or 120 


1 - 12 




Psychology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


PSY 100 or 120 


1- 12 




Religion 






1-6 




Social Work 




SWK341or342 


1- 12 


2.20 GPA & 40 hr. vol. 


Sociology 






1- 12 


18 cr. in Sociology 


Sound Recording 




RCT 388 & 487 


4 




Technology 










Spanish 






1- 12 





83 



Independent Study 



Independent Study provides students with an opportunity to undertake a pro- 
gram of supervised reading, research, or specialized teaching methods, usually on 
subjects not incorporated in existing formal courses. Independent Study shall not 
be used to approximate an existing course for a single student or to cover projects 
more properly described as Internships. 

For one semester hour of credit, the Independent Study student should invest at 
least 45 clock hours of time in reading, research, or report writing. The Independent 
Study essentially involves a contract between the student and the faculty advisor. 

Students may enroll for one to nine credit hours of Independent Study in any one 
semester. A maximum of nine credit hours in Independent Study may be used 
toward the graduation requirements. All Independent Studies have a course 
number of 500. The following is a summary of departmental Independent Study 
policies. 



34 



Independent Study 



Discipline 


Eligible 
Students 


Prerequisite 


Hrs. Per Sem. 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1-6 


Actuarial Science 






1-3 


American Studies 






1-9 


Biochemistry 




CHM311 &312 


2-3 


Biology 






1-9 


Chemistry 






1-9 


Computer Science 






1-9 


Economics 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1-6 


Education 






1-3 


Elementary Education 






1-3 


English 






1-3 


French 




FRN316 


1-6 


German 






1-6 


History 






1-3 


International Business 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1-6 


Leadership 


Jr/Sr 


LSPlOOor 111 


3- 15 


Studies 


Standing 






Management 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 




1-6 


Mathematics 






1-6 


Philosophy 
Physics 






1-3 
1-3 


Political Science 






1-3 


Psychobiology 






1-9 


Psychology 




PSY 100 or 120 


1-6 


Religion 






1-3 


Social Work 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


2.50 GPA & 
contract inst. & 
student 


1-3 


Sociology 


Jr/Sr Mjr. 


2.50 GPA & 
contract inst. & 
student 


1-3 


Spanish 






1-6 



There are no independent study courses in art, hotel management, music and 
sound recording technology. 



35 



Tutorial Study 



Tutorial Study provides students with a special opportunity to take an existing 
formal course in the curricula that is not scheduled that semester or summer 
session. Students desiring a Tutorial Study must have an appropriate member ol 
the faculty agree to supervise the study on a one-on-one basis. 

For one semester hour of credit, the student should invest at least 45 clock hours 
of time in the Tutorial Study. The Tutorial Study essentially involves a contract 
between the student and the faculty advisor. The typical Tutorial Study involves 
readings, research, report writing, faculty conferences, and examinations. All 
Tutorial Study courses have the same course number as the existing formal 
catalog course. 



Special Topics Courses 



From time to time, departments may offer Special Topics courses using the 
following course numbers: 290-298, 390-398, and 490-498. Special Topics courses 
are formal courses that are not listed permanently in the curricula and that are 
offered infrequently. These courses examine comparatively narrow subjects that 
may be topical or special interest. Several different topics may be taught in one 
semester or academic year. A specific course title shall be used in each instance 
and shall be so noted on the student record. 

Department Of Art 

The Art Department, through course work and the minor program, provides an 
opportunity for creative expression and a richer understanding of accomplish- 
ments in the visual arts. 

No major is offered in Art. For the minor and course descriptions, see page 69. 

Faculty: 

Richard A. Iskowitz, Associate Professor of Art. Chairperson. M.F.A., Kent 
State University. He teaches art history, aesthetics and studio, and is director of 
the Mund Center art exhibits. Professor Iskowitz' special interest is photography 
and his work is exhibited frequently in juried competition. 

Marie F. Riegle, Lecturer in Art, M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State University. 
Her teaching interests are art history, printmaking, painting and drawing. 



36 



Donald Winer, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Art, M.A.F.A., University of 
Missouri. Mr. Winer is curator emeritus of The Pennsylvania Collection of Fine 
Arts, William Penn Museum. His teaching specialties include art history espe- 
cially Pennsylvania arts and crafts. 

R. Gordon Wise, Adjunct Professor of Art, Ed.D., University of Missouri. Dr. 
Wise is a Professor of Art at Millersville University and specializes in art 
education. 



Department Of Biology 



The aims of the program for biology majors are: (1) to provide a thorough 
understanding of the principles of biology and background in disciplines basic to 
biology; (2) to develop skills in the application of the scientific method and in the 
retrieval and communication of technical information; and ( 3 ) to train students for 
employment at the baccalaureate level and to provide preparation for those 
interested in graduate, professional and medical programs. 

The department offers a major program in biology, and joint majors in biochemistry 
and psychobiology. For the major and course descriptions in biology, see page 71. 
For those in psychobiology, see page 124. 

For Cooperative Programs, see page 30. 

Faculty: 

Dale J. Erskine, Associate Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of Oklahoma. 
He teaches animal physiology, introduction to immunology, human biology, and 
participates in general biology. He believes in introducing his students to a wide 
range of laboratory experiences including modern instrumentation and computer- 
assisted data collection. His research interests are in temperature regulation and 
thermal tolerance, heat energy budgets, and computer analysis and simulation of 
animal-environment interactions. He is also director of the Summer Youth 
Scholars Institute. 

Sidney Pollack, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. He 
teaches courses in genetics, microbiology, human biology, and general biology. He 
is the academic advisor for students preparing for the allied health professions. 
His research interests include Paramecium genetics. 

Susan Verhoek, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., Cornell University. She teaches 
plant form and function at the general biology level, and form, interrelationships 



37 



and systematics of non- vascular and vascular plants at the advanced level. Her 
research is on the pollination biology and systematics of members of the Agave 
family. A past president of the Society for Economic Botany, she has a long 
standing interest in the interactions of plants and humans; and, as author of a field 
identification book, a continuing interest in plants that flower in the spring. 

Stephen E. Williams, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., Washington University, St. 
Louis. He teaches molecular biology, plant physiology and the biochemical 
portions of general biology. He is a plant and cell physiologist who, working 
together with Lebanon Valley College students and scientists at other institutions, 
has made most of the major contributions to the understanding of the physiology 
of carnivorous plants during the past twenty years, including the discovery of the 
mechanism of Venus flytrap closure. He has over five years of experience 
automating laboratory instruments with microcomputers. 

Paul L. Wolf, Professor of Biology. Chairperson. Ph.D., University of Delaware. 
He teaches courses in general biology, comparative vertebrate anatomy, and 
ecology. His research interests focus on the ecology of wetlands with particular 
emphasis on the saltmarshes of Eastern United States and Nova Scotia. He also 
holds the position of Adjunct Professor of Marine Biology in the College of Marine 
Studies, University of Delaware. 

Allan F. Wolfe, Professor of Biology. Ph.D., University of Vermont. He teaches 
comparative histology, developmental biology, invertebrate zoology, general bi- 
ology, parasitology, and directs independent study in cell biology using electron 
microscopic and histological techniques. His current research utilizes the brine 
shrimp, Artemia, to study the cell and tissue levels of organization of the digestive, 
reproductive, and neurosensory systems. 

Anna F. Tilberg, Lecturer in Biology, B.A., University of Pennsylvania. She is 
on the staff of the Milton Hershey Medical Center and teaches introductory 
biology. 



Department Of Chemistry 



Chemistry is the "central science" that provides the fundamental understanding 
needed for protecting our environment, maximizing the yield from limited natural 
resources, improving our health, and creating new materials for tomorrow's 
products. Indeed, chemistry is essential to understanding life itself. 

Career opportunities in chemistry are numerous and diverse. Many students 
enter industrial or governmental laboratories where they find positions in envi- 
ronmental analysis, quality control, or research and development. Possibilities 

38 



outside of the laboratory include teaching, sales, marketing, technical writing, 
business, and law. Many chemistry students continue their education in graduate 
school in chemistry or biochemistry, or in professional schools in the areas of 
medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine. 

At Lebanon Valley College the Department of Chemistry is located on the upper 
two floors of the Garber Science Center. Major scientific equipment available to 
students includes a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer, a liquid scintilla- 
tion counter, a fourier transform infrared spectrometer, a high performance liquid 
chromatographic system, a diode-array UV-visible spectrophotometer, and a gas 
chromatograph-mass spectrometer, and an atomic absorption spectrophoto- 
meter. Computers available to students in the department include Apple, Macin- 
tosh, and IBM-compatible machines. 

The Department encourages students to discover the excitement and challenge of 
laboratory research. Research programs are conducted during both the academic 
year and the summer. Students are paid for summer research either from College 
funds or from grants that professors receive to support their projects. 

Two degrees are available to those interested in chemistry, and one for those 
interested in biochemistry. The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is the more 
demanding of the two degrees in chemistry, and is recognized by the American 
Chemical Society. This degree has a required research component and is 
recommended for students who wish to become practicing chemists or enroll in 
graduate school. Other students opt for the standard Bachelor of Science degree, 
majoring in chemistry. 

For the major programs and course descriptions in chemistry, see page 74. 

The major in biochemistry is offered jointly with the Biology department. For the 
major program and course descriptions in biochemistry, see page 70. 

Faculty: 

Richard D. Cornelius, Professor of Chemistry. Chairperson. Ph.D., University 
of Iowa; postdoctoral research, University of Wisconsin. Inorganic Chemistry. 
Professor Cornelius works at the border of inorganic chemistry and biochemistry. 
He has interests both in the fundamental mechanisms of phosphoryl transfer 
reactions and in the development of platinum compounds that hold promise for 
anti-cancer activity. He and his students synthesize new compounds containing 
phosphates and study the rates of reactions of these compounds. Studying the 
nature of the new compounds provides insight into the manner in which enzymes 
catalyze related reactions in nature. He also has earned a national reputation for 



39 



his work with computers in chemical education. 

Donald B. Dahlberg, Associate Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., Cornell Univer- 
sity; postdoctoral work, University of Toronto. Physical chemistry. Dr. Dahlberg 
does research on the mechanism of elimination reactions in organic chemistry. An 
important question to be answered in mechanistic organic chemistry is when and 
how a reaction changes from a concerted mechanism to a multistep mechanism. 
Does one mechanism evolve into another as the substrate is modified, or do two 
distinct pathways exist at all times where each substrate chooses the path of 
lowest energy? He is also interested in applying the most recent developments in 
computers and electronics to the construction of chemical instrumentation. 

Owen A. Moe, Jr., Professor of Chemistry . Ph.D. , Purdue University; postdoctoral 
study, Cornell University. Biochemistry. Professor Moe is interested in applying 
the array of new techniques in biotechnology to practical problems. He is currently 
working on the use of immobilized enzymes for the synthesis of bio-organic 
compounds. Processes that he is developing are designed to use stable, inexpen- 
sive polyphosphates for the regeneration of ATP. ATP regeneration is a required, 
but currently an expensive, step in the use of enzyme reactors for organic 
synthesis. 

Stephen R. Sexsmith, Assistant Professor of Chemistry. Ph.D., State University 
of New York at Binghamton. Organic Chemistry. Professor Sexsmith is interested 
in the interaction of main-group and transition metal organometallic compounds 
as it relates to Ziegler- Natta polymerization catalysts. Of specific interest are the 
reactions of organoaluminum compounds with zero-valent nickel species. He is 
also interested in utilizing organometallic compounds in the study of coal lique- 
faction. 

H. Anthony Neidig, Professor and Chairperson Emeritus. Ph.D., University of 
Delaware. Recipient of the Chemical Manufacturers' Association College Chemistry 
Teacher Award in 1970 and the E. Emmet Reid Award for excellence in teaching 
in a small college in 1978. Professor Neidig's pursuits include the development and 
publication of laboratory experiments for introductory chemistry. 



Department Of Education 



The Department of Education prepares students for both elementary and second- 
ary teaching. 

The Education Department is committed to preparing elementary education 
majors who have a thorough grounding in the disciplines they will teach within the 
context of a strong liberal arts foundation. The program includes intensive 

40 



training in the content and methodologies of all elementary school subjects. 

The field-centered component in the program provides extensive and carefully 
sequenced opportunities to work with teachers and children in a variety of school 
settings during all four years of preparation for teaching. Majors spend an average 
of two hours per week each semester in various public school classrooms, 
observing teachers and children, aiding, tutoring, providing small-group and 
whole-class instruction, and completing tasks on increasingly challenging levels 
of involvement. Seniors spend the fall semester in full-time student teaching with 
cooperating teachers who have been carefully chosen for that role. Additional 
opportunities are provided for our students to work in nursery schools, child care 
centers, Head Start programs, middle schools, and in classes for exceptional 
children. 

Students pursuing secondary teacher certification are prepared for teaching by 
completing an intensive program in the departmental major* s) of their choice in 
conjunction with a carefully sequenced professional education component within 
the Education Department. Both the major program and the professional education 
component are completed within the context of a strong foundation in the liberal 
arts. 

Departmental majors may seek certification in biology, chemistry, English, 
French, German, Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies. 

Opportunities are provided for candidates to observe and to teach in junior high 
and high school settings prior to the full-time student teaching semester. Coop- 
erating teachers are selected through a process involving college faculty, public 
school personnel, and the student teachers, thus assuring the most beneficial 
placements possible. 

Dual certification, at both the elementary and secondary levels, or in more than 
one secondary area, is possible; however, such certification requires meticulous 
attention to scheduling and often requires an additional semester or two. 

Post-baccalaureate certification is also available for those who wish to become 
elementary or secondary school teachers or for those already certified who want 
to add elementary or secondary education to an existing certificate. 

The Education Department is intent on preparing well-rounded and qualified 
graduates who will exercise genuinely professional and personal leadership roles 
in the schools and communities where they will work. 

The major and course descriptions in Elementary Education are on page 81. The 



41 



program and course descriptions in Secondary Education are on page 131. The 
descriptions of courses in Education are on page 81. 

Faculty: 

Susan L. Atkinson, Assistant Professor of Education. Ed. D., Temple University. 
She teaches educational methods courses in mathematics, science, social studies, 
and language arts, plus courses in the social, historical, and philosophical 
foundations of education and physical geography. She coordinates field practicum 
in the public schools and supervises student teachers. Her research interests are 
in the area of matching student/teacher learning styles to increase academic 
achievement. She holds Pennsylvania certifications in Elementary Education, 
English Second Language, Special Education, and Library Science. Her areas of 
interest include multidisciplined curricula, classroom management, leadership 
strategies, and early childhood education. She believes in exposing her students 
to the "real world" of teaching through extensive hands-on educational activities 
and experiences. She is the advisor for the college's professional teaching 
organization, which includes secondary, elementary, and music education majors. 

Michael A. Grella, Professor of Education. Chairperson. Ed.D., West Virginia 
University. He teaches courses in children's literature, reading, the language arts, 
social studies, early childhood education, and exceptional children. He coordinates 
early field practica in the public schools and supervises student teachers. He 
serves as the department's chief liaison with public school personnel and with the 
Pennsylvania Department of Education. He maintains a special interest in the 
acquisition of literacy at the primary grade levels and in learning disabilities. 

Dale E. Summers, Assistant Professor of Education. Ed.D., Ball State Univer- 
sity. He teaches courses in educational foundation, secondary school curriculum 
and methodologies, and adolescent development. He serves as supervisor of 
student teachers and as coordinator of pre-student teaching field experiences. He 
maintains a particular interest in special education for the emotionally disturbed 
at both the elementary and secondary level. 



Department of English 



The major in English introduces students to the humanistic study of literature or 
to the humanistic practice of writing. While English majors may choose to 
concentrate in literature, communications or secondary education the basis for all 
concentrations is the systematic and analytic study of literature. All majors also 
learn clear, concise, and coherent expression as well as effective collection, 
organization, and presentation of material. Such study prepares the student for 
more advanced work in many fields. Graduates of the Department of English are 

42 



prepared to work in journalism, teaching, editing, public relations, publishing, 
advertising, government, industry, the ministry, and law. 

The English department offers a major program with concentrations in literature, 
communications, and secondary education, as well as minors in both literature 
and communications. For program and course descriptions, see page 83. 

Faculty: 

Philip Billings, Professor of English. Ph.D., Michigan State University. He 
teaches courses in contemporary literature and aesthetics as well as creative 
writing. His publications include poems in various magazines and a book of poems 
based on people living in the region. 

Phylis Dryden, Assistant Professor of English. Ph.D., State University of New 
York at Albany. She is a specialist in composition theory, linguistics, and 
American Studies and has experience in journalism and in industry. She pub- 
lishes poetry, fiction, and non-fiction and has conducted poetry workshops as well 
as presented readings of her own poetry. 

Arthur L. Ford, Professor of English. Ph.D., Bowling Green State University. 
He has published books on several American authors, including Thoreau and 
Creeley, as well as articles on composition theory and the computer in composi- 
tion. Recent Fulbright lectureships in Syria and China have resulted in several 
research projects. 

John Kearney, Professor of English, Department Chairperson. Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin. He is a Nineteenth Century British literature scholar working 
on a book on Dickens, who also teaches technical writing and directs the 
department internship program. 

Jacqueline Vivelo, Assistant Professor of English. M.A., University of Tenn- 
essee. She has worked as a technical writer and has published award-winning 
fiction for children. 

Gary Grieve-Carlson, Assistant Professor of English. Ph.D, Boston University. 
He has taught at the University of Tennessee and Virginia Technical University 
as well as a Fulbright Junior Lecturer in Germany. His field is American 
literature on which he has published several articles. 

Anne R. Higginbottom, Assistant Professor of English. M.A., State University 
of New York at Binghamton. In her dissertation on play in modern women's fiction 
and in her courses she is interested in new voices in literature. 



48 



Marie Bongiovanni, Visiting Assistant Professor of English. M.B.A., Drexel 
University. Experienced in journalism and business, she teaches management 
communications, editing and journalism. 

Daniel E. Frick, Adjunct Assistant Professor of English. M.A., Indiana Uni- 
versity. Completing his doctorate in American Studies at Indiana, he teaches 
courses in drama. 

Agnes O'Donnell, Professor Emerita of English. Ph.D., University of Pennsylva- 
nia. Recently retired, she teaches literature courses. 

Glenn Woods, Associate Professor Emeritus of English. M.Ed., Temple Univer- 
sity. In addition to composition, his areas of interest include linguistics, speech 
and the teaching of secondary English. 

Department Of Foreign Languages 

The study of a foreign language has three aims: to develop fluency in the basic 
communication skills, to provide an understanding of the cultural heritage of the 
people who use the language, and to understand language as the fundamental 
medium by which humankind thinks and interacts. 

The Department of Foreign Languages prepares the language major for a career 
in a variety of fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service, foreign trade, 
business and social service. For many of these careers the study of a foreign 
language is often combined with majors in other disciplines. 

The Department encourages students to avail themselves of the College's op- 
portunities for foreign travel and study, including the International Student 
Exchange Program. 

The Department of Foreign Languages offers majors in French, German, and 
Spanish, and in Foreign Language, as well as minors in the three languages. In 
addition, coursework, but no major or minor, is offered in Greek and Japanese. The 
department also offers the major in International Business jointly with the 
Management department. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in French are on page 88. Those in 
German are on page 91. Those in Spanish are on page 139. The major in Foreign 
Languages and the descriptions of general courses in foreign language are on page 
87. The course descriptions in Greek are on page 93. The course descriptions in 
Japanese are on page 100. The major in International Business is on page 99. 



44 



Faculty: 

Susan L. Egner, Instructor of Spanish. M.A., Middle-bury College. She teaches 
the beginning level Spanish courses and is interested in pursuing Teaching 
Methodology at post graduate level. 

Diane M. Iglesias, Professor of Spanish. Chairperson. Ph.D., City University of 
New York. She teaches courses in Spanish language, Spanish and Latin American 
culture, civilization and literature. She has presented research papers in medieval 
balladry and the theater of the Spanish Golden Age at scholarly conferences. Her 
current research is in the area of the modern Latin American novel. She is 
particularly interested in the concept of "magical realism" as it applies to the 
works of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. 

James W. Scott, Professor of German. Ph.D., Princeton University. He teaches 
the language, literature and culture of German speaking areas. One continuing 
scholarly interest is medieval hagiography. His recent research and writing has 
focused on contemporary German literature and film. Past summers have taken 
him to Bonn on a Fulbright grant, to the Carl Duisberg Institute to study business 
German and to Leipzig to attend a seminar on the German Democratic Republic. 
He serves as secretary-treasurer of the Central Pennsylvania Association of 
Teachers of German and coordinates their annual testing program for high school 
students. 

JoelleL. Stopkie, Assistant Professor of French. Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College. She 
is a member of the American Association of Teachers of French (AATF), and the 
American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) and also Phi 
Sigma Iota, the National Foreign Language Honor Society. 

Department Of History and American Studies 

By examining human behavior in the past, the study of history can help people 
better understand themselves and others. Students of history also learn how to 
gather and analyze information and present their conclusions in clear, concise 
language. 

An undergraduate degree in history or American Studies can lead to a career in 
teaching at the college or high school level, law, government, politics, the ministry, 
museum or library work, journalism or editing, historical societies and archives, 
private foundations, business, or a number of other professions. 

For the major, minor, and courses in history, see page 94. For those in American 
Studies, see page 68. 

45 



Faculty: 

James H. Broussard, Professor of History, Chairperson. Ph.D., Duke Univer- 
sity. He teaches American history and historiography. His research and publications 
concentrate on the Jefferson- Jackson era, the South, and American politics. He 
is also Executive Director of the Society for Historians of the Early American 
Republic. 

Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Professor of History and Religion and Director of American 
Studies Program. Ph.D., Duke University. His teaching centers on the history of 
Christianity and religion in America, and he participates in the Honors and 
Leadership Studies programs. His scholarship has focused on American folk 
religion; other interests include religion and literature, peace studies, and mys- 
ticism. 

Richard A. Joyce, Associate Professor of History. M.A., San Francisco State 
College. He teaches ancient, medieval, and modern European history. He is 
particularly interested in social and intellectual history. 

Howard L. Applegate, Adjunct Professor of History, Secretary of the College. 
Ph.D., Syracuse University. He teaches business history and American military 
history. His current research interest is the American automotive industry. 

John Abernathy Smith, Adjunct Associate Professor of History and Religion. 
Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University. His teaching interests are social and 
intellectual history. Dr. Smith currently is researching the history of United 
Methodist higher education. 

The Department Of Management 

The Department of Management offers programs leading to the bachelor of science 
degree in accounting, hotel management, management, and international busi- 
ness (jointly with Foreign Languages Department). The Department also offers a 
minor in hotel management. 

The Department's programs are designed to provide students with a sound, 
integrated knowledge of accounting and management principles, and related 
courses from supporting disciplines. The Department's programs are enhanced by 
the liberal arts and leadership studies core required of all students, and by the 
extensive application of computers in relevant courses. This interdisciplinary 
knowledge base is essential for assuming leadership and management positions 
in the changing world of the 1990's and beyond. 



46 



Management students are provided with a common body of knowledge in close 
conformity with the national standards for the study of business administration 
as recommended by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. As 
a result, our graduates are well prepared for admittance to M.B A. programs. 

Opportunities are available for qualified and interested students to undertake an 
independent study project or an internship in consultation with a member of the 
Department faculty. 

The major and course descriptions in Accounting are on page 66; those in Hotel 
Management are on page 98; those in International Business are on page 99; and 
those in Management are on page 101. 

Faculty: 

Donald C. Boone, Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. M.B. A., Michigan 
State University. He has 18 years of hotel industry experience and has taught 
several years in Hotel Management programs. Mr. Boone serves as Coordinator 
of the Hotel Management Program and teaches Hotel Management, Management 
and Accounting. 

Sharon F. Clark, Associate Professor of Management and Department Chair- 
person. J.D., University of Richmond. She has several years experience in private 
law practice and several years as a Supervisory Tax Attorney with the Internal 
Revenue Service. Dr. Clark teaches corporate income tax and a variety of 
management courses including Personnel Management, Business Law, Labor 
and Industrial Relations, and Hotel Law. 

Robert W. Leonard, Assistant Professor of Management. M.B.A., The Ohio 
State University. Mr. Leonard teaches Managerial Finance, Principles of 
Management, Productions Operations Management, Organizational Behavior 
and Development, and Labor and Industrial Relations. 

Barney T. Raffield, III, Associate Professor of Management. Ph.D., Union 
Graduate School. Dr. Raffield teaches courses in Marketing, Business Policy. 
Advertising, Consumer Behavior, and International Business Management. He 
has just completed co-authoring a textbook on Marketing Management. 

Gail Sanderson, Assistant Professor of Management. M.B.A., Boston University. 
A C.P.A., Ms. Sanderson has professional experience in accounting (public and 
private sectors); income tax; computer systems analysis and design. Ms. Sanderson 
teaches Financial and Managerial Accounting, Cost Accounting, Individual In- 
come Tax, Intermediate Accounting and Management Information Systems. 



47 



Barbara S.Wirth, Assistant Professor of Accounting. M.B. A., Lehigh University. 
Ms. Wirth has worked in the public sector as a CPA for six years. Ms. Wirth teaches 
Auditing, Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting, Principles of Accounting, 
and Managerial Accounting. 

Robert W. Biddle, Jr., Adjunct Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. Ed.M. , 
Pennsylvania State University. Mr. Biddle is Culinary Arts Instructor at Milton 
Hershey School. 

David L. Broderic, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Health Care Management. 
M.B.A., University of Chicago. Mr. Broderic is President of Good Samaritan 
Hospital and specializes in teaching health care management. 

John R. Eby, Adjunct Assistant Professor in Accounting. B A., Lebanon Valley 
College. Mr. Eby is President and Chief Executive Officer for Commonwealth 
Communications Services, Inc. and has numerous years of experience in corporate 
and public accounting. He teaches Financial and Management Accounting. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management. M.B.A., 
Columbia University. Mr. Eshleman is a manager for New Product Development 
at Hershey Foods. His teaching interests include marketing, marketing research 
and management. 

V. Carl Gacono, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Real Estate. B.S., Susquehanna 
University. Mr. Gacono is a broker with Prudential Gacono Real Estate and past 
president of the Lebanon County Board of Realtors. He specializes in real estate 
education. 

Christine J. Rhoads, Adjunct Instructor in Management. M.Ed., Temple Uni- 
versity. She is currently a doctoral candidate at Lehigh University in Educational 
Technology. Ms. Rhoads teaches Computer Applications in Business. 

Kevin R. Derr, Lecturer in Management. J.D., The Dickinson School of Law. Dr. 
Derr is a practicing attorney with the law firm of Caldwell & Keaons. He teaches 
courses in Business Law and Corporate Income Taxation. 



Department Of Mathematical Sciences 

The Lebanon Valley College Department of Mathematical Sciences has long 
offered a rigorous mathematics program within the context of a liberal arts 

48 



education. Today an increasing national need for mathematically prepared 
individuals has made our program even more attractive. Computer scientists, 
secondary school mathematics and computer science teachers, college professors 
in mathematical sciences, actuaries, operations research analysts, and statisti- 
cians are in high and continuing demand. In addition, the mental discipline and 
problem solving abilities developed in the study of mathematics have long been 
recognized as excellent preparation for numerous and varied areas of work or 
study. 

The department offers majors in actuarial science, computer science, computer 
information systems, and in mathematics, and minors in computer science and in 
mathematics. 

Five students from this department have earned Fulbright Scholarships in recent 
years for graduate study abroad. Departmental graduates have earned Ph.D. 
degrees in physics and computer science as well as mathematics. Other graduates 
have completed law school. Many graduates are Fellows of the Society of Actuaries 
and the Casualty Actuarial Society. Regularly, more than a quarter of the 
Lebanon Valley students named to the Who's Who in American Colleges and 
Universities will be students from this department. 

Actuarial Science 

An actuary is a business professional who used mathematical training to define, 
analyze and solve financial and social problems. Actuaries are employed by 
insurance companies, consulting firms, large corporations, and the federal and 
state governments. The Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society 
establish and monitor the professional qualifications of actuaries through a series 
of rigorous examinations. In recent years, the demand for actuaries has exceeded 
the supply and indications are that the situation will continue. 

The Actuarial Science program at Lebanon Valley College was established in the 
mid 1960's and is coordinated by Professor Hearsey, an Associate of the Society of 
Actuaries. Lebanon Valley College has 85 alumni working in the actuarial 
profession. The coursework is selected to provide a foundation in mathematics, 
accounting and economics and to prepare students for courses 100-150 of the 
Society of Actuaries syllabus and parts 1-4 of the Casualty Actuarial Society 
syllabus. A student may prepare for additional examinations through independent 
study. Lebanon Valley College is the only small, undergraduate, liberal arts 
college in North America with such an extensive actuarial science major. Lebanon 
Valley has had 100% placement of actuarial science graduates with graduates 
employed by nearly 50 organizations. 



49 



Computer Science 

Although it has been over 40 years since the development of the first electronic, 
computer, Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper said at the 1987 Lebanon Valley 
College graduation exercises that "we are still in the Model T or DC-3 age so far 
as computers are concerned." All of us will be working in a computer environment: 
and must be able to use computers to assist us rather than have computers control 
us. The United States is the world leader in most phases of the computer industry, 
from the silicon chip to operating systems and other software and applications. 

The department's approach to computer science is to broaden the program by 
supporting it with a strong theoretical perspective, and by embedding it in the- 
values of liberal education. The program is also designed to appropriately reflect 
the rapidly changing technology and applications in the computer field. There- 
fore, courses and equipment are constantly modified to optimize the student's 
computer education and experience. New facilities with the latest technology, 
were occupied in 1990, and an innovative major program provides the students 
with unique opportunities to tailor studies to their individual knowledge and 
interests. 

The computer equipment ranges from representatives of all major microcomputers 
to a DEC VAX system, many connected by networks. All major operating systems j 
and languages are available and immediately accessible for course work or 1 
independent study. 

Mathematics 

The recent identification by a graduate student of an error in Sir Isaac Newton's 
work and the recent development of a revised linear programming algorithm are 
but two examples that clearly demonstrate that mathematics is alive and vibrant 
National concerns have been expressed concerning mathematics education ir 
elementary schools and the decrease in graduate studies in mathematics. Man- 
agement schools continually are increasing the quantitative component in then 
curriculum, and business and industry continually are looking for mathematical!} 
trained individuals. The demand for teachers is well publicized. A bright anc 
rewarding future awaits one choosing mathematics as a field. 

The program gives the student a broad selection of courses, theoretical anc 
applied, from which to choose after completing the core program. Students maj 
choose preparation for graduate programs, business and industrial preparation 
preparation for secondary school teaching, or such concentrations as statistics oi 
operations research. Students often combine mathematics with another major oi 



50 



The major and courses in actuarial science are on page 68. Those in computer 
science and computer information systems are on page 76. Those in mathematics 
are on page 104. 

Faculty: 

Michael D. Fry, Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ph.D., University 
of Illinois. An avid student of computer science, he is interested in operating 
systems and in networking, computer interfacing and peripheral equipment. He 
teaches a broad range of computer science courses, upper level algebra and 
geometry and other mathematics courses. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Director, Actuarial 
Science Program. Ph.D., Washington State University. An Associate of the Society 
of Actuaries, he has many contacts within the actuarial profession. Dr. Hearsey 
is interested in approaches to providing mathematics education to the liberal arts 
student not majoring in mathematical sciences, and teacher education as well as 
actuarial science. He teaches upper level actuarial science courses and a broad 
range of mathematics courses. 

Thomas J. Liu, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Science. Ph.D., University 
of Illinois. He also has earned M.S. each in Computer Science and in Engineering. 
His academic interests include Compiler design, Data Structures, Computer 
Algorithms, Software Engineering, Data Base Management, Expert Systems and 
Computer Applications in Engineering. He teaches a wide range of Computer 
Science courses and in Applied Mathematics. 

Joerg W. P. Mayer, Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ph.D., University of 
Giessen. He has extensive experience in undergraduate and graduate teaching, 
and in government and industrial consulting. His publications range from 
mathematical research to educational philosophy, including numerous reviews in 
mathematical and computer sciences, and two textbooks on Algebraic Topology 
and in Computer Assembly Language. His teaching interests lie in advanced 
mathematics and basic computer science. 

Horace W. Tousley, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Chairper- 
son. M.S. I.E. (OR), University of Alabama. A career military logistician and 
operations research practitioner. Interested in mathematical modeling, quantita- 
tive methods, and applications. Teaches operations research, selected upper 
division courses, and a broad range of other courses. 

Mark A. Townsend, Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Ed.D.. 
Oklahoma State University. His academic interests include numerical analysis 



51 



and teaching methods and classroom innovation. Teaches a variety of mathematics 
courses, and a selection of computer science courses. 

Timothy M. Dewald, Adjunct Lecturer in Mathematical Sciences. M.Div., Andovei 
Newton Theological School. Rev. Dewald is interested in the history of mathematics 
and enjoys teaching students with "math anxiety." He teaches Algebra anc 
Trigonometry, the pre-calculus course, as well as the Beginning and Intermediate 
MS-DOS seminars for industry and the community under the Ben Franklir 
partnership. 

Deborah R. Fullam, Lecturer in Computer Science. Treasurer, Lebanon Valle} 
College. M.B.A., Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science. Interested ir 
computer applications for business and management. She teaches COBOL anc 
Basic Languages. 

James S. Hume, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, M.S. 
Virginia State College. Mr. Hume is an independent financial consultant. His 
teaching specialty is applied mathematics. 

R. Michael McNally, Adjunct Lecturer in Computer Science. B.A., St. Michael'; 
College. Data Administrator, Pennsylvania Blue Shield. He teaches Data Bas* 
Management. 



Military Science Program 



The Military Science Program adds another dimension to a Lebanon Valley 
College liberal arts education by offering courses that develop a student's ability 
to organize, motivate, and lead others. 

Participation in military science courses during the freshman and sophomon 
years results in no military obligation. Courses during these years orient student; 
on the various roles of Army officers. Specifically, these courses stress sel 
development: written and oral communication skills, leadership, bearing, anc 
self-confidence. 

Individuals who elect to continue in the program during the junior and senio: 
years shall receive a commission as a second lieutenant in the United States Arnr 
upon graduation. They shall be required to serve three months to four years in thf 
active Army, depending upon the type of commission. 

Options are available for those individuals who encounter scheduling conflicts o 
who desire to begin participation after their freshman year. Contact the Professo 
of Military Science, Dickinson College, 717-245-1221, for further information. 

52 



Program participants may take part in various enrichment activities during the 
academic year: rappelling, rifle qualification, cross-country skiing, white-water 
rafting, leadership exercises, land navigation, orientation trips, and formal social 
functions. Program participants may also apply for special training courses 
during the summer: Russian language, airborne, air assault, and northern 
warfare schools. 

Financial Assistance: Books and equipment for military science courses and the 
ROTC program are provided free of charge to all cadets. However, all cadets do pay 
an activity fee of $20 per semester. All juniors and seniors in the ROTC program 
(Advanced Course ) and scholarship cadets are paid a tax-free subsistence allowance 
of $100 per month and receive certain other benefits. 

Scholarships: Army ROTC scholarships based on merit are available. Recipients 
receive 80% tuition, academic fees, a semester allowance for books and supplies, 
and a $100 per month subsistence allowance. Cadets and other Lebanon Valley 
students may compete for three-year (starts in sophomore year) and for two-year 
(starts in junior year) scholarships. Recipients agree to a service obligation. For 
additional information, contact the Professor of Military Science, Dickinson 
College, 717-245-1221. 

Corresponding Studies Program: Students participating in an off-campus 
study program in the United States or abroad may continue participation in either 
the Army ROTC Basic Course or Advanced Course and receive the same course 
credit and benefits as a student enrolled in the on-campus program. Scholarship 
students also are eligible to participate in this program. 

Advanced Leadership Practicum: The practicum consists of a six-week 

summer training program at an Army installation that stresses the application of 
j military skills to rapidly changing situations. Participants are evaluated on their 
j ability to make sound decisions, to direct group efforts toward the accomplishment 
j of common goals and to meet the mental and physical challenges presented to 
;them. Completion of this practicum is required prior to commissioning and is 

normally attended between the junior and senior years. Participants receive 

room, board, travel expenses, medical care, and pay. 

The requirements and course descriptions in Military Science are on page 108. 

Faculty: 

ii Michael A. Casey, Instructor in Military Science. B.A.. University of Notre 

ii Dame. Captain, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. Instructs fourth year Military Science. 

His assignments include command and staff positions in active duty and reserve 



53 



forces Field Artillery units. 

Alfred T. Jelinek, Instructor in Military Science. M.B.A., Columbus College 
Captain, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. Instructs third year Military Science an< 
Tactics. His assignments include command and staff positions in active duty Fiel( 
Artillery units. 

Gregory A. Miller, Instructor in Military Science. M.Ed., Western Marylant 
College. Major, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. Instructs first and second yea 
Military Science. His assignments include command and staff positions in nations 
guard Field Artillery units. 

William D. Wilgus, Professor of Military Science. M.A., Webster University 
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Aviation. Assignments include staff positions a 
various levels with emphasis in Transportation Management. Academic direction 
have been in the Management Field. 



Department Of Music 



Students in the Department of Music may major in one of five areas: music, musi 
performance, sacred music, sound recording technology or music education. Eacl 
student, regardless of major, is required to take a core of courses in theory an( 
music history. Each student also completes additional course work particular t< 
his/her area of interest. 

Attendance at some faculty and student recitals is compulsory. All students in th< 
department are required to take private instruction on campus in their principa 
performance medium (one-half hour of private instruction is included in the basi< 
tuition). Students whose major applied instrument is organ are required also t( 
study piano, continuing until they have attained a level of proficiency satisfactory 
to the organ faculty. 

Students registered for private instruction in the music department are noi 
permitted to study in that instructional area on a private basis with anothe] 
instructor, on or off campus, at the same time. 

Participation in music organizations may be required of all majors. 

The music major (BA.) is designed for those students desiring a liberal arts 
context in their preparation for a career in applied music. All majors are required 
to take an hour lesson per week in their principal performance medium and 
expected to perform a half recital in the junior year and a full recital in the senioi 
year. 

54 



The music performance major (B.M.) is designed for those students desiring a 
maximum concentration in music courses in preparation for a career as a 
performing musician. All majors are required to take a weekly one hour lesson in 
the principal performance medium; they are also required to perform a half recital 
in the junior year and a full recital in the senior year. Majors whose performance 
medium is a band or orchestral instrument are required to study voice and piano 
as well. 

The sacred music major (B.M.) prepares students for careers as directors of 
church music, ministers of music, or college teachers. The program is open to those 
individuals whose interests are voice or organ. All majors are required to acquire 
sufficient skill to assume responsibilities as a qualified parish church musician. 
Majors whose principal performance medium is organ are required to study piano 
and voice for at least two years. One of the years of voice study may be a class 
experience. Majors whose principal performance medium is voice are expected to 
show sufficient keyboard proficiency upon admission to the program so that after 
two additional years of piano study (normally by the end of the sophomore year) 
they may benefit from a year of organ study. 

The sound recording technology major (B.M.) is designed for students who 
wish to gain the theoretical and practical knowledge necessary for careers with 
responsibility for recording technology in the fields of radio and television, film, 
and audio production. 

The music education major (B.S.), approved by the Pennsylvania Department 
of Education and the National Association of Schools of Music, is designed for the 
preparation of public school music teachers, kindergarten through twelfth grades, 
instrumental and vocal. The music education curriculum requires voice instruc- 
tion (class or private) for a minimum of one year and piano instruction (class or 
private) for a minimum of two years. A competency jury must be passed in each 
area. Students participate in student teaching in area elementary and secondary 
schools. In all field experiences as well as the student teaching semester, each 
student is responsible for transportation arrangements. 

For the majors in music, music education and sacred music, the minor in music, 
and course descriptions in music, see page 108. For the major in sound recording 
technology, see page 136. 

Faculty: 

George D. Curfman, Professor of Music Education, Ed.D., Pennsylvania State 
University. He teaches music education methods courses and coordinates music 
student teaching. He serves as a consultant/clinician for the Pennsylvania Music 



55 



Educators Association and advises the campus Pennsylvania Collegiate Music 
Education Association. 

Scott H. Eggert, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., University of Kansas. He 
teaches theoretical subjects, composition, class and applied piano. He is active as 
a composer, having premiered major works on the campus. 

Klement M. Hambourg, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., University of 
Oregon. He teaches applied violin and viola and courses in string methodology, 
coaches chamber ensembles and is the conductor of the College-Community 
Orchestra. He performs frequently in solo recitals and is a member of the Reading 
Symphony, and guest conducts at the Allegheny Summer Festival of Music. 

Robert H. Hearson, Assistant Professor of Music. Ed.D., University of Illinois. 
A low brass specialist, he teaches courses in instrumental music education and 
brass pedagogy, and supervises music student teaching activities. He is founder/ 
director of the LVC Summer Music Camp and host conductor/coordinator of the 
LVC Honors Band. He maintains a special interest in brass ensemble music, and 
is active as a performer, clinician, adjudicator, and guest conductor. 

Mark L. Mecham, Associate Professor of Music, Chairperson. D.M.A., Univer- 
sity of Illinois. His doctorate is in choral music and he has had experience in choral 
conducting and music education. His doctoral work focused on the choral music of 
Vladimir Ussachevsky. 

Philip G. Morgan, Associate Professor of Music. M.S., Kansas State College. He 
teaches applied voice with specialization in vocal technique, vocal pedagogy and 
vocal literature. He performs frequently in solo recitals, oratorios, chamber 
recitals in the United States and Europe. He serves as vocal advisor for Hershey 
Entertainment. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, Instructor of Music and Director of Special Music 
Programs. M.M., Westminster Choir College. She teaches applied organ and 
piano, sacred music courses, and theory classes for the preparatory department. 
She performs frequently in solo organ and harpsichord recitals. She is director of 
music at Grace Lutheran Church, Lancaster. 

C. Robert Rose, Associate Professor of Music. D.M., Indiana University. He 
teaches applied clarinet and courses in music theory, literature, orchestration, 
and woodwind methods. He conducts the Symphonic Band and maintains an 
active schedule as clarinetist in solo and chamber music recitals and as an 
instrumental conductor. 



56 



Dennis W. Sweigart, Associate Professor of Music. D.M.A., University of Iowa. 
He teaches applied piano and courses in keyboard harmony, form and analysis and 
piano pedagogy. He regularly performs as a soloist and as an accompanist. He 
serves as the faculty advisor to Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the men's music fraternity. 

Teresa R. Bowers, Adjunct Instructor in Music. M.M., Ohio State University. 
She teaches applied flute, double reeds, flute pedagogy and chamber music. She 
also conducts the flute ensemble. She is a member of Duo Francais Flute-Harp 
Duo, and frequently appears as a recitalist and clinician. 

Erwin P. Chandler, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. M.M., Indiana Uni- 
versity. He teaches applied horn and is active as a composer/arranger and 
conductor. 

James A. Erdman,II, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Retired solo trombonist 
"The Presidents Own" United States Marine Band, Washington, D.C. He teaches 
low brass instruments and is founder and director of the LVC Low Brass 
Ensemble. He is active as a performer on the trombone and appears nationally 
as a soloist and clinician. 

Timothy M. Erdman, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Formerly trumpet soloist 
"The President's Own" The United States Marine Band, Washington, D.C; 
principal trumpet, Harrisburg and Reading Symphonies. Presently, member. 
Classic Brass Quintet, and instructor of applied trumpet. 

Robert C. Lau, Adjunct Professor of Music. Ph.D., The Catholic University of 
America. He teaches courses in music history. In addition to performing, he 
regularly appears as a conductor/adjudicator of instrumental and choral festivals. 
He is published in areas of sacred choral and organ literature, and serves as 
Organist/Choirmaster at Mt. Calvary Episcopal Church, Camp Hill. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, Adjunct Associate Professor in Music. M.F.A., Ohio Univer- 
sity. She teaches applied piano and performs extensively as a soloist, accompanist 
and chamber music performer. She serves as the faculty advisor for Sigma Alpha 
Iota, the women's music fraternity. 

James E. Miller, Adjunct Instructor in Music. His teaching specialty is string 
bass and electric bass. 

Robert A. Nowak, Adjunct Instructor in Music. M.M., University of Miami. He 
teaches percussion and directs the Percussion Ensemble. 



57 



Lawrence Oncley, Adjunct Instructor in Music. Ph.D., Indiana University. He 
teaches applied cello and performs with the Reading Symphony and the 
Susquehanna String Quartet. 

David S. Stafford, Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs College of Music. 
He teaches applied guitar. He maintains a private guitar studio and is active as 
a performer in the area. 

Thomas M. Strohman, Adjunct Instructor in Music. He directs the college jazz 
band and teaches jazz improvisation. A founding member of the jazz ensemble 
"Third Stream," he has recorded for Columbia Artists. He maintains an active 
career performing as well as teaching in the Central Pennsylvania area. 

John J. Uhl, Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology, Director of the Sound 
Recording Technology Program. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, Professional 
Certificate, Institute of Audio Research. His teaching interest is sound recording 
technology. 

Department Of Physical Education 

Although the College does not offer a major in physical education, two courses are 
required for graduation. The program encourages attitudes and habits of good 
health, while developing physical capacities and skills that will enrich life. 

Course descriptions in physical education are on page 118. 

Faculty: 

O. Kent Reed, Associate Professor of Physical Education. Chairperson. M.A. in 
Ed., Eastern Kentucky University. He instructs the fitness and weight training 
classes and utilizes body fat percentages, pulse rate and recovery, strength testing 
devices and workout charts. He also instructs team activities such as softball and 
volleyball. Responsibilities in the athletic department are track and field and 
cross country. 



Department Of Physics 



The program in physics is designed to develop an understanding of the fundamental 
laws of physical science dealing with motion, forces, energy, heat, sound, light, 
electromagnetism, electronics, atomic and nuclear structure, and the properties 
of matter. Physics gives an appreciation of the extent and limitations of a 



58 



mathematical description of the physical world. Students major in physics as a 
preparation for professional careers in physics, engineering, secondary teaching, 
and careers for which a physical science background is useful. 

The facilities of the Physics Department are located on the fourth floor of the 
Garber Science Center. In addition to the introductory physics laboratory, the 
department maintains an x-ray laboratory, optics laboratory, atomic laboratory, 
electronics laboratory, and nuclear laboratory. The department also houses a 
reading room, student shop, and darkroom. 

Students majoring in physics take advantage of close contact with faculty, work 
as a lab assistant, pursue independent study or research, and participate in the 
local chapter of the Society of Physics Students. 

For Cooperative Programs, see page 30. For the major and course descriptions in 
Physics, see page 120. 

Faculty: 

Michael A. Day, Associate Professor of Physics. Ph.D., University of Nebraska. 
He has two doctorates: one in physics, one in philosophy, and publishes in both 
areas. His interests are theoretical physics ( specializing in anharmonic solids ) and 
philosophy of science. 

Barry L. Hurst, Associate Professor of Physics. Chairperson. Ph.D., University 
of Delaware. His background in sputtering involves investigating the material 
ejected from ion bombarded surfaces using the technique of secondary ion mass 
spectrometry. Other interests include electronics and experimental design. 

J. Robert O'Donnell, Professor Emeritus of Physics. M.S., University of Dela- 
ware. He is interested in the physics of music, including the acoustical properties 
of the guitar. 

Jacob L. Rhodes, Professor Emeritus of Physics. Ph.D., University of Pennsyl- 
vania. His background is nuclear physics with interests in the relationship of 
physics and society. 

Department of Political Science and Economics 

The department consists of two independent disciplines. Political Science and 
Economics, which have separate majors and curricula. Political Scientists study 
government and politics with a particular interest in the political behavior of 



59 



individuals, groups, and institutions. Many pre-law students major in this 
discipline (see page 124 for offerings in the pre-law program). Other majors have 
gone on to graduate school or careers in politics. 

Economists study the factors which explain the behavior of the economic system 
and economic factors in that system. Graduates in one of the two economics majors 
may go on to graduate school or to jobs in the private sector or government. 

Both disciplines emphasize an understanding of the public policy process. They 
are designed to provide a sound knowledge of essential principles and problems 
within a broad liberal arts education. 

For the major and minor requirements and course offerings in Political Science, 
see page 122. For those in Economics, see page 78. 

Faculty: 

D. Eugene Brown, Professor of Political Science. Ph.D., State University of New 
York at Binghamton. He teaches principally in the area of international studies, 
including courses in United States foreign policy, international relations, com- 
parative politics, and modern communism. 

Jeanne C. Hey, Assistant Professor of Economics. Ph.D., Lehigh University. Ms 
Hey's specialty areas are in economic theory, money and banking, corporate and 
personal finance, and health economics. Her professional affiliations include the 
American Economic Association, the American Finance Association, and the 
Association for Evolutionary Economics. 

Edward H. Krebs, Assistant Professor of Economics. Ph.D., Michigan State 
University. He previously served as an Economic Assistant to the Secretary of 
Agriculture and as a private consultant. His interests are in environmental and 
resource economics. 

John D. Norton, Professor of Political Science. Chairperson. Ph.D., American 
University. He teaches courses in American government, constitutional law, 
political theory, and research methods. He is the pre-law advisor for the College. 
His professional and research interests are in the areas of American Constitu- 
tionalism, United States defense and security policy, and political economy. 

Ralph W. Hess, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Political Science. M.S., San Diego 
State University. His specialty is state and local government. He represents the 
28th District in the Pennsylvania State Senate and has been the Majority Caucus 
Administrator since 1981. 



60 



Department Of Psychology 



It is the human psyche which permits and defines human endeavors. All people 
have similar sensory and perceptual processes, motivations, emotions, personal- 
ity traits, and developmental sequences. These factors, the major explanatory 
constructs in psychology, form the structure which defines a human and at the 
same time makes an individual unique from others. The study of psychology is the 
study of how you are the same as other people as well as how you are different. 
Psychology focuses on your behavior, as opposed to mental events, to make its 
explanations objective and scientific. 

The goal of psychology is the scientific description and explanation of behavior. 
The objective is advanced in diverse ways: from laboratory experiments on animal 
behavior at one extreme to clinical settings having therapeutic behavioral goals 
at the other. This diversity makes psychology integral to fields such as business, 
education, and medicine, and makes it the focus of any liberal arts education. 

The undergraduate major in psychology at Lebanon Valley College is well 
rounded. It includes elements of a general education in psychology as well as 
elements more specially tailored to each student's specific career training. Some 
students completing the major have gone on to prestigious graduate schools while 
others have utilized their undergraduate training to take jobs in their specialty 
areas immediately upon graduation. The departmental degree requirements are 
sensitive to this career diversity. 

The courses in psychology, required of all psychology majors, include: The 
Individual and Society (PSY 100), Experimental Psychology ( PSY 120), Advanced 
General Psychology (PSY 200), Psychological Statistics (PSY 216), Learning and 
Memory (PSY 236), Personality (PSY 343), and the History of Psychology (PSY 
443). These courses provide a firm foundation for specialization in any of the 
content areas of psychology. 

The student majoring in psychology is also required to specialize in one of 
psychology's five content areas: (1) clinical/counseling/school psychology; (2) 
experimental psychology; (3) developmental psychology; (4) industrial/organ- 
izational psychology; or (5) social psychology. The three required courses in an 
area of specialization are intended to link the liberal arts background to specific 
career goals. 

In addition to these general and specialized courses, all psychology majors are 
encouraged to participate in the educational process beyond the classroom 
through individual studies, laboratory research, and internships. The depart- 
ment is committed to providing opportunities for work experiences as a component 
of the psychology major. 

61 



The major, minor and course descriptions in psychology are on page 125. The 
major and course descriptions in Psychobiology, jointly offered with the Biology 
Department, are on page 124. 

Faculty: 

Salvatore Cullari, Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Western Michigan 
University. His teaching interests are in clinical psychology, abnormal, person- 
ality, and social psychology. His current research is in schizophrenia, personality 
assessment and eating disorders. 

David Lasky, Professor of Psychology . Chairperson. Ph.D., Temple University. 
Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are the focus of 
his teaching interests. Current research is in organizational change in the public 
sector and patients' rights. 

Jan Pedersen, Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., State University of 
New York at Stony Brook. Her teaching interests cover a broad range of infant, 
child, and adolescent development, including cognition, socialization, and school- 
related issues. Her current research interests are the development of rule 
categorization skills, social conflict, and parents' stereotypical beliefs concerning 
their children's socialization. 

Michael Asken, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., University of 
West Virginia. His teaching interests are in sport psychology and health 
psychology. His current research interests are in sport psychology and the 
management of stress in surgery. He is in private practice as a health psychologist. 

Joseph Peters, Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Pennsylvania 
State University. He supervises the internship students. His research interests 
are in clinical psychology and computer applications to patient management. He 
is a clinical psychologist at a veterans administration hospital. 

Dennis Graybill, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M.A., Temple 
University. His teaching interests are in behavior modification, abnormal 
psychology, hypnosis, and brief therapy. He is in private practice as a licensed 
psychologist. 

Janet Kelley, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Pennsylvania 
State University. Her teaching interests are in abnormal, clinical, social psychology 
and lifespan adjustment problems. She is a clinical psychologist in private 
practice. 



62 



David Rogers, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Rosemead 
School of Psychology. His teaching interests are in child and adolescent 
psychology. He is a private practitioner. 

David Thompson, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., Pennsylva- 
nia State University. His teaching interests are in educational psychology, school 
psychology, and adjustment problems of school students. He is Director of 
Psychological Services at a private school. 

Ford Thompson, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M.A., George 
Washington University. His teaching interests are in organizational behavior. He 
is the Hospital Director of a state psychiatric hospital. 

Richard Tushup, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., University 
of Delaware. His teaching interests are in experimental psychology. Some of his 
areas of interest are human sexuality, client cognitions between therapeutic 
encounters, and religion's impact upon personality development and therapeutic 
process. He is currently employed at The Veterans Administration Medical 
Center. 

Department Of Religion And Philosophy 

The study of religion is designed to give students insight into the meaning of the 
religious dimension of human experience. Coursework introduces students to 
various historical and contemporary expressions of the Judaeo-Christian heritage 
as well as to the diverse religious traditions of humankind. In general, students 
major in religion to ready themselves for theological seminary, for careers in 
Christian education, or to acquire the theological maturity which, in combination 
with another major, will enable them to function as lay ministers in their chosen 
profession. 

The study of philosophy directly involves the student in the process of sharpening 
critical and analytical abilities. In all classes emphasis is placed upon the writing 
of critical and analytical essays dealing with various aspects of philosophical 
thought as it pertains to the questions and issues of knowledge, human values and 
conduct, history, politics, religion, science, society, and the nature of human 
beings. 

The study of philosophy may prepare the student for postgraduate activities such 
as legal studies, business, or theological and seminary training. 

The major, minor, and course requirements in philosophy are on page 117. Those 
in religion, including the concentration in Christian education, are on page 129. 

63 



Faculty: 

Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Professor of Religion and History, Director of American 
Studies Program. Ph.D., Duke University. His scholarship has focused on 
American folk religion, particularly as expressed in the Methodist and Roman 
Catholic communities. Other interests include religion and literature, peace 
studies, and mysticism. His teaching centers on the history of Christianity and 
religion in America, and he also participates in the College Honors program. 

Voorhis C. Cantrell, Professor of Religion and Greek. Ph.D., Boston University. 
His teaching interests in Biblical literature, Near Eastern archaeology, and 
Greece have been enhanced by on-site study and work in classical lands. Recent 
scholarly activity includes study and use of innovative pedagogical methods for 
teaching Scripture, particularly storytelling, memorization, and role-playing. 

John H. Heffner, Professor of Philosophy, Chairperson. Ph.D. Boston Univer- 
sity. His teaching interests include logic, philosophy of religion, metaphysics, and 
history of philosophy. He has published articles in major journals and contributed 
chapters to books in his research specialization, the philosophy of perception. His 
recent interest in the philosophy of religion has focused on biblical literature and 
nineteenth century philosophical theology. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, Associate Professor of Philosophy. M.A., University 
of Texas. His teaching specialties are philosophical ethics, bioethics, and business 
and organizational ethics. He has a particular interest in the ethical implications 
of the Holocaust, and has recently contributed a chapter for an anthology devoted 
to philosophy and the Holocaust. 

Perry J. Troutman, Professor of Religion. Ph.D., Boston University. His areas 
of teaching specialization include world religions, religion in America, and the 
theory and practice of Christian education. He has particular interests in English 
cathedrals, and he is organizer and Chair of the American Friends of Durham 
Cathedral. 

John Abernathy Smith, Adjunct Associate Professor of Religion and History. 
Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Smith currently is researching the 
history of United Methodist higher education. 

Department Of Sociology And Social Work 

The major in sociology gives students an understanding of human behavior. By 
examining the social and cultural forces that shape our lives, students gain a 



64 



richer understanding of themselves and contemporary social issues. Sociology 
explores how and why people behave as they do as well as the effects of their 
behavior on others. In an economy that is moving from a manufacturing base to 
a service orientation, graduates in sociology are prepared to work in fields where 
an understanding of the dynamics of human relationships is important. 

The social work major prepares students for beginning professional practice in a 
variety of social work settings. The major emphasizes the generalist approach by 
offering a solid foundation of core courses based on social work theory and practice. 
The program also provides students the opportunity to focus upon areas of 
personal and professional interest by choosing a concentration in such areas as 
criminal justice, family intervention, and the aged and aging/death and dying. 

The major, minor, and course descriptions in social work are on page 132. Those 
in sociology are on page 133. 

Faculty: 

Sharon Darmofall Arnold, Associate Professor of Sociology. M.A., University 
of Akron. Among her teaching interests are sociology of the family, intercultural 
communication, small groups, and medical sociology. Her research interests are 
achievement orientation of female students and the use of telecommunications in 
higher education. 

Carolyn R. Hanes, Professor of Sociology and Social Work and Leadership 
Studies. Chairperson. Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. Her areas of interest 
include family and marriage, criminology, criminal justice, mass media, and 
leadership. She is currently doing research on leadership. 

Sharon Hall Raffield, Associate Professor of Sociology and Social Work. M.S.W., 
Washington University. 

Jan Edwards, Lecturer in Social Work, M.A., Ohio University. His teaching 
interests include child abuse and juvenile delinquency. 

Robert D. Gingrich, Lecturer in Social Work, M.S., Moravian College. His 
teaching specialities include child abuse, juvenile delinquency and sexual abuse. 

Holly L. Preston, Lecturer in Sociology and Social Work. M.S.W., Marvwood 
College. 



65 



Undergraduate Degree Requirements 
and Course Descriptions 

Accounting (ACT) 

The Management department is described on page 46. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in accounting. 

Major: ACT 151,152,233,251,252,353; 9 credit hours accounting electives; ECN 
110,120; MGT 222,330,361,485; ENG 210; MAS 150 (or 111 or 160 or 161); MAS 
170 (or 270 or 372); PHL 260 (57 credits). 

Courses in Accounting 

151. Principles of Accounting I. Fundamental principles and concepts of 
accounting encompassing business transactions, the accounting cycle, and class- 
ified financial statements including discussion of various topics relating to 
balance sheet and income statement items. For accounting majors. Credit not 
awarded for both ACT 151 and ACT 161. 3 credits. 

152. Principles of Accounting II. A continuation of Principles of Accounting 
I focusing upon accounting concepts, partnerships, and business transactions 
related to corporate liabilities, equity, and investments. Includes basic financial 
analysis. For accounting majors. Prerequisite: ACT 151; or ACT 161 with mini- 
mum grade of B and permission. 3 credits. 

161. Financial Accounting. Basic concepts of accounting including accounting 
for business transactions, preparation and use of financial statements, and 
measurement of owners' equity. An introductory course for non-accounting 
majors. Credit not awarded for both ACT 151 and ACT 161. 3 credits. 

162. Managerial Accounting. Cost-volume-profit relationships, cost analysis, 
business segment contribution, profit planning and budgeting as a basis for 
managerial decision making. Prerequisite: ACT 151 or ACT 161. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic 
Environment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a business 
management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory exercises the 
student learns commonly used business applications. Topics covered include word 
processing, electronic spreadsheets, database management, business graphics, 

66 



decision support systems, and integrated accounting packages. Prerequisite: ACT 
151 or 161, ECN 110 or 120, or permission. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as Management 
233.} 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced course in accounting principles 
stressing the environment and the conceptual framework of financial accounting, 
statement presentation, revenue recognition, and valuation problems in accounting 
for assets. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. An analysis of financial statements, effects 
of errors and changes on statements, preparation of funds flow statement, and 
valuation problems in accounting for leases and pensions and stockholders' 
equity. Prerequisite: ACT 251. 3 credits. 

351. Advanced Accounting. Study of theory and standards with application to 
such special topics as income presentation, interim reporting, and per-share 
disclosures. Emphasis on business combinations and consolidated financial pre- 
sentations. Prerequisite: ACT 252. 3 credits. 

352. Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting. Basic concepts of fund and 
budgetary accounting used for financial activities of governmental units and other 
not-for-profit organizations. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

353. Cost Accounting. The accumulation and recording of the costs associated 
with the manufacturing operation including job-order, process and standard cost 
systems, and joint and by-product costing. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

451. Individual Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as applied 
to individuals; case problems, preparation of returns. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 
161. 3 credits. 

452. Corporate Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as applied 
to corporations, partnerships and fiduciaries; case problems, preparation of 
returns. Prerequisite: ACT 451. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. A study of the process of evaluation of internal controls and 
interpretation of financial information to permit an auditor to express a profes- 
sional opinion on financial reports. Prerequisite: ACT 252. 3 credits. 



67 



Actuarial Science (ASC) 

The Mathematical Sciences department is described on page 48. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in actuarial science. 

Major: ASC 385,481,482; CSC 147; MAS 111,112,202,211,222,335,371,372,463, 
471; ECN 110,120; ACT 151, 152 or 161,162. (58 credits) The Course 100/Part 1 
examination of the actuarial societies must be passed before the end of the 
student's seventh semester. 

Courses in Actuarial Science 

385. The Theory of Interest. Measurement of interest, the time value of money, 
annuities, amortization and sinking funds, bonds and related securities, deprecia- 
tion and capitalized cost. Prerequisite: MAS 211.3 credits. 

481,482. Actuarial Mathematics I and II. Survival distributions and life 
tables; life insurance; life annuities; net premiums; premium reserves; multiple 
life functions; multiple decrement models; valuation theory for pension plans; the 
expense factor; and non-forfeiture benefits and dividends. Prerequisite: ASC 385 
and MAS 372. 3 credits per semester. 

American Studies (AMS) 

The interdisciplinary program in American Studies is coordinated by the history 
department which is described on page 45. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts Degree with a major in American Studies. 

Major: AMS lll,211,311,313,485;ART205or MSC200;ENG 221,222; GPY211; 
HIS 261,262,311 or 312; PHL 240 or REL 120 (39 credits). 

Courses in American Studies 

111. Introduction to American Studies. An interdisciplinary approach to the 
study of America's heritage and the distinguishing features of the American mind 
and character. 3 credits. 

211. American Folklore. A study of the historical growth of American folklore; 
such genres as folk art, folk music, and folk speech; contemporary expressions, 



68 



including regional and ethnic variations; and the dynamics of folk performance in 
socio-cultural context. 3 credits. 

311. American Science and Technology. A study of American science and 
technology and their interrelations with economic, cultural, political and intellec- 
tual developments. Prerequisite: Any laboratory science course. 3 credits. 

313. Applied American Studies. An introduction to non-teaching careers in 
American Studies. Students examine the basics of archival management, museum 
curatorship, editing, oral history and specialized work in government, corporation, 
historical societies, libraries, preservation agencies, research agencies, foundations, 
higher education. 3 credits. 

485. American Studies Seminar. A capstone course organized around a major 
theme or issue in the American experience. Themes and issues vary from year to 
year as the seminar rotates among faculty in several academic departments. 
Students are able to integrate their educational experience and implement 
further the interdisciplinary methodology in an holistic approach to a topic or 
subject. 3 credits. 

Art (ART) 

The Art Department is described on page 36. 

Minor: ART 110,140,201,203, 1 elective course in art (15 credits). 

Courses in Art 

110. Introduction to Art. An exploration of meaning in the visual arts. The 
subject is approached through discussions of perception, the aesthetic experience, 
and form/content analyses of painting, sculpture, and architecture. 3 credits. 

140. Drawing and Painting. An introduction to the materials and processes of 
drawing and painting. Spatial perception, composition, light and dark as well as 
color relationships are major areas of study. 3 credits. 

201. Art History I. Prehistoric through Medieval Art. A survey of painting, 
sculpture and architecture beginning with prehistoric sites in Europe and the 
Near East, followed by studies of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome and 
Europe in the Middle Ages. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II. Renaissance to Twentieth Century. A survey of individual 



69 



masters and their major schools, the course covers the period from the close of the 
medieval era to the modern day and includes stylistic analyses and historical 
contexts for painting, sculpture, and architecture of each period. 3 credits. 

205. American Art History. An examination of the architecture, painting, 
sculpture, and the decorative arts from the colonial period to the present day with 
emphasis on the Twentieth Century. 3 credits. 

401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction to creative art activity for 
children in elementary school. Topics covered include philosophical concepts, 
curriculum, evaluation and studio activity involving a variety of art media, 
techniques, and processes. 3 credits. 



Biochemistry (BCH) 



The program in biochemistry is offered jointly by the Biology department, 
described on page 37 and the Chemistry department, described on page 38. 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program that provides an 
opportunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the 
chemical basis of biological processes. It is designed to prepare students for 
advanced study in medical, dental, and other professional schools, for graduate 
programs in a variety of subjects including biochemistry, clinical chemistry, 
pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, and physiology, and for 
research positions in industrial, academic, and government laboratories. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biochemistry. 

Major: BIO 111, 112, 201; CHM 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216; BCH 401, 
421, 422, 430, 499; MAS 161; PHY 103, 104 or 111, 112 (51 credits); 9 credits from 
BIO 305, 306, 307, 322, 323, 404 and CHM 305, 306, 307, 308, 311. 

Courses in Biochemistry 

401. Molecular Biology. Gene structure, function and regulation at the mo- 
lecular level in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Recombinant DNA tech- 
niques (genetic engineering) and gene sequencing are covered in detail. Prereq- 
uisite: Three semesters of chemistry and BIO 201 or permission of the instructor. 
4 credits. 

421,422. Biochemistry 1,11. The study of the chemistry of proteins, lipids, and 
carbohydrates. Topics covered include amino acid chemistry, protein structure, 
molecular weight determination, ligand binding, enzyme kinetics, enzyme and 

70 



coenzyme mechanisms, membrane systems, membrane transport, intermediary 
metabolism, metabolic control, electron transport, and oxidative phosphorylation. 
Prerequisites: CHM 214, 216 and 312 or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of proteins, 
nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CHM 214, 216. 1 credit. 

499. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on special 
topics in biochemistry. 1 credit. 

Biology (BIO) 

The Biology department is described on page 37. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biology. 

Major: BIO 111,112,201,499; one course each in the general areas of physiology, 
bellular and subcellular biology, botany, and morphology, and 4 additional hours 
'of biology (33 credits). CHM 111,112,113,114, 213,214,215,216 (16 credits). PHY 
|l03,104 or 111,112; MAS 161 or 111 (61-63 total credits). 

Minor: BIO 101,102, or BIO 111,112,201; plus 3 additional courses in biology (24 
jtotal credits). 

|[n addition, students planning to teach biology must take BIO 312,490 and 21 
credits in education courses including EDU 110,420,430 and 440. These courses 
ire described on pages 81 and 132. 

Courses in Biology 

3IO 111 and 112 are prerequisite for all upper-level courses in biology unless 
btherwise noted. 

101. Human Biology I. The human organism is utilized as the primary focus to 
elucidate physiological principles for non-science majors. Topics include nutrition, 
i homeostasis, major organ systems, immunity, and exercise physiology. Labora- 
tory exercises include sensory physiology, respiration, blood pressure, exercise 
physiology, and ECG. 4 credits. 

,02. Human Biology II. Also designed for the non-science major, this course 

i|mphasizes the mastery of certain biological principles as applied primarily to 

umans. Topics include reproduction, development, classical and molecular 

enetics, and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement lecture topics and include 

71 



an examination of mitosis and meiosis, Drosophila genetics, gene activity, popu- 
lation genetics, and development. 4 credits. 

111. General Biology I. A rigorous study of basic biological principles, which is 
designed for science majors. Topics emphasized include cell biology, genetics, 
taxonomy, histology, and evolution. Laboratory exercises include enzyme kinet- 
ics, carbohydrate analysis, isolation and identification of plant pigments, histo- 
logical techniques, and animal taxonomy. 4 credits. 

112. General Biology II. This course, also rigorous and designed for science 
majors, covers concepts in physiology, embryology, botany and ecology. Labora- 
tory exercises include shark anatomy, invertebrate dissection, animal development, 
plant development in angiosperms, and stomate response to environmental 
changes. 4 credits. 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of classical 
and molecular genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of genetics utilizing 
both classical and molecular approaches. Laboratory exercises include analysis of 
nucleic acids, genetic crosses, and studies of bacteria, bacteriophages and plasmids. 
Prerequisites: one year of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

221. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The comparative anatomy of verte- 
brates with emphasis on the evolutionary relationships among the various lines 
of vertebrates. Intensive laboratory work involves dissections and demonstrations 
of representative vertebrates. 4 credits. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development and diversity of plants 
and the relationships between them. Field and laboratory work will familiarize 
the student with the structure of plants and with the identification of flowering 
plants in the local flora. Prerequisite: BIO 112 or permission. 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic descriptive phenomena in the 
development of typical invertebrate and vertebrate embryos, with a consideration 
of modern embryological problems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. A study of the microscopic 
anatomy of vertebrate tissues, with illustrations of basic tissue similarities and 
specialization in relation to function. The laboratory work includes the preparation 
of slides utilizing routine histological and histochemical techniques. 4 credits. 

306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of 
representative microorganisms. The laboratory emphasizes basic bacteriological 
techniques and procedures. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or per- 
mission. 4 credits. 

72 



307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with emphasis on 
vascular plants. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 4 
credits. 

312. Fundamentals of Ecology. An examination of the basic concepts of ecology 
with extensive laboratory work and field experiences in freshwater, marine, and 
terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIO 112 or permission. 4 credits. 

322. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles of vertebrate body function, 
with emphasis on the mechanisms by which cells and organs perform their 
functions and the interactions of the various organs in maintaining total body 
function. Prerequisites: BIO 101 or 112 and one semester of chemistry, or 
permission. 4 credits. 

323. Introduction to Immunology. An introduction to the anatomical, physi- 
ological, and biochemical factors underlying the immune response. The course 
begins with a discussion of non-specific immunity, cellular immunity, and anti- 
body-mediated immune responses. The course then moves into a study of con- 
temporary immunological topics which are discussed with respect to major 
research papers in each area. Topics include auto-immunity, histocompatibility, 
immunogenetics, and acquired immune deficiencies. A research paper is required. 
Prerequisites: BIO 111,112 and CHM 111,113 or equivalent or permission. 4 
credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. A study of most of the invertebrate phyla, concen- 
trating on movement, metabolism, information and control, reproduction and 
association between animals. 4 credits. 

404. Electron Microscopy. An introduction to the use of techniques for scanning 
and transmission electron microscopic studies. Through laboratory experience 
the students will learn the proper use, application, and limitations of the 
appropriate instruments. Prerequisite: BIO 305 or permission of instructor. 4 
credits. 

409. Quantitative Ecology. An intensive study of ecological processes empha- 
sizing the quantitative aspects of ecology at the population and community levels. 
Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

490. Student Lab Instruction. A course designed for students seeking certi- 
fication to teach biology in secondary education. Responsibilities include assisting 
in the preparation of materials and equipment for lab; supervision of lab work: and 
preparation, administration, and evaluation of quizzes and lab tests. Prerequi- 
site: permission of the instructor. 1 credit. 



73 



499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library research 
on an assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the biology faculty and 
students. This course may be repeated. 1 or 2 credits. 

Chemistry (CHM) 

The Chemistry department is described on page 38. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Science in chemistry, Bachelor of Science with a major in 
chemistry. 

Majors: (B.S. in Chemistry) CHM 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216, 222, 305, 
306, 307, 308, 311, 312, 321, 322, 411; 6 Credits from CHM 491-498; BCH 421, 422; 
4 credits of CHM 500; MAS 161,162; PHY 111, 112 (63-64 credits). 

(B.S., major in chemistry) CHM 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216, 222, 305, 
306, 307, 308, 311, 312, 321, 322; MAS 161,162; PHY 111, 112; (50-51 credits). 

Minor: CHM 111,112,113,114; 12 Credits from CHM 213, 214, 222, 305, 306, 311, 
312, 411; BCH 421, 422; 3 Credits from CHM 215, 216, 307, 308, 321, 322; BCH 
430. 

Courses in Chemistry 

100. Introduction to Chemistry. An introduction to the principles of chemistry 
including mathematical tools, atomic structure, stoichiometry, elementary con- 
cepts of equilibrium, bonding, and organic chemistry. Intended for non-science 
majors. Laboratory experience included. 4 credits. 

109. Chemical Skills. A step-by-step approach to solving chemical problems. 
Topics include the application of mathematical tools in introductory chemistry 
and techniques for finding the proper approach to solve problems. The course is 
designed to be taken concurrently with CHM 111. 1 credit 

111, 112. Principles of Chemistry 1,11. An introduction to chemistry for the 
science major. First semester topics include atomic and molecular structure, 
chemical reactions, calculations involving chemical concentrations, gas laws, and 
bonding. Second semester covers kinetics, acids and bases, equilibrium, oxidation- 
reduction chemistry, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. 
3 credits per semester. 

113, 114. Introductory Laboratory 1,11. Laboratory courses to accompany 111 



74 



and 112. Experiments cover stoichiometry, gas laws, quantitative analysis, 
equilibrium, electrochemistry, chemical synthesis, and the use of computers for 
collecting data. Students are introduced to instrumentation including infrared, 
UV-visible, and atomic absorption spectrometers. 1 credit per semester. 

213, 214. Organic Chemistry 1,11. An introduction to the principles of organic 
chemistry. The focus of the course is on the structure of organic molecules and how 
the structure of various functional groups affects their reactivity. The concepts of 
reactivity, structure and mechanism are applied to organic synthesis. 3 credits per 
semester. 

215, 216. Organic Laboratory LII. An introduction to the practice of classical 
organic chemistry and modern instrumental organic chemistry. The techniques of 
organic synthesis are taught along with instrumental methods including infrared, 
nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry. 1 credit per semester. 

222. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. The application of elementary 
principles of chemistry to provide a basis for understanding the physical and 
chemical properties of the elements. Topics include periodicity, acidity or basicity 
of metal cations and oxoanions, precipitation reactions, oxidation-reduction 
chemistry, the structures of solids. 3 credits. 

305. Analytical Chemistry. Gravimetric, volumetric, and electro-chemical 
methods of chemical analysis are covered. Included are statistical methods of data 
treatment and rigorous considerations of complex chemical equilibria. Prerequi- 
sites: CHM 112 and MAS 161. 3 credits. 

306. Instrumental Analysis. Basic types of chemical instrumentation, and their 
applications in analytical chemistry are examined. These include: gas and liquid 
chromatography; infrared, UV-VIS, fluorescence, atomic absorption, and plasma 
amission spectrophotometry; nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry; 
and radiochemical methods. Prerequisites: CHM 112 and MAS 161. 3 credits. 

J07. Quantitative Analysis Laboratory. Techniques of gravimetric, volu- 
netric, and electrochemical analysis are applied to the analysis of unknowns. 
Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 305. 1 credit. 

$08. Instrumental Analysis Laboratory. Chemical instrumentation is utilized 
n analytical method development and analysis. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 
506. 1 credit. 

$11. Physical Chemistry I. The study of thermodynamic laws and functions, 
ncluding phase and reaction equilibria. Systems under study include ideal and 



75 



real gases, ideal and non-ideal solutions, and multi-component phase transitions 
3 credits. 

312. Physical Chemistry II. The study of chemical systems from a moleculai 
perspective. Basic concepts of quantum chemistry and statistical theory applied 
to atomic and molecular structure. Also included are electrochemistry, kinetics, 
and transport processes. 3 credits. 

321, 322. Physical Laboratory 1,11. Application of chemical instrumentation tc 
a study of the principles of physical chemistry. Experimental work involves 
calorimetry, refractometry, conductivity, viscometry, and atomic absorption. 
FTIR, UV-VIS, and NMR spectroscopy applied to the study of phase and reaction 
equilibria, kinetics, and atomic and molecular structure. 1 credit per semester. 

411. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. A study of bonding theories, moleculai 
structure, spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms with special emphasis on 
transition metal complexes. Prerequisite: CHM 312. 3 credits per semester. 

451. Methods of Teaching Chemistry. A course designed for students seeking 
certification to teach chemistry in secondary education. Topics include valuation 
of laboratory experiments, demonstrations, textbooks, and computer software. 
3 credits. 

Communications 

See English, page 83. 



Computer Science (CSC) 

The Mathematical Sciences department is described on page 48. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer information 
systems; Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer science. 

Major: (Computer Information Systems) CSC 147,243,244,248,345,342 or 346; 
one CSC course numbered above 400 or 6 hours of CSC 400, (21-24 credits). MAS 
150,170; MAS 111,160 or 161; ENG 210 or 216. Five courses numbered above 200, 
approved by the advisor, in an applications field of interest (48-53 total credits). 

Major: (Computer Science) CSC 147,248, one from 242,243, or 244; three addi- 
tional computer science courses numbered above 300 including at least one 



76 



lumbered above 400. MAS 111, 112,202,211,222,322 or 371; 335 or 463. ENG 216. 
PSY 337. (49 credits). 

Minor: CSC 147,248,242 or 243 or 244, two CSC courses numbered above 300, 
MAS 111 or 161, one additional Mathematics (MAS) course numbered above 200. 
21-22 credits). 

Courses in Computer Science 

L30. Microcomputers, Hardware and Software. The components of a micro- 
computer, introduction to operating systems, languages and software packages. 
3 credits. 

147. Computers and Programming in Pascal. Introduction to the basic 
concepts and terminology of computer hardware, software, operating systems and 
anguages. Programming in Pascal. 3 credits. 

L70. Computers and Programming in Basic-Plus. Introduction to the basic 
concepts and terminology of computer hardware, software, operating systems and 
anguages. Programming in Basic-Plus. 3 credits. 

242. Mathematical Computing with FORTRAN. The use of the computer in 
executing mathematical algorithms such as: implication of floating point com- 
mutation, solution of nonlinear equations, numerical integration, and acceleration 
nethods. FORTRAN is introduced and used throughout the course. Prerequisites: 
HSC 147 or CSC 170, MAS 112 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

243. Interactive Systems with Basic-Plus. Time-sharing systems, micro- 
computers and Basic; arrays, strings, virtual arrays, random access files, el- 
mentary graphics. Prerequisite: CSC 147. 3 credits. 

244. Business Computing with COBOL. Processing of data, the storing and 
nanipulating of files; sorting, and merging of records. Prerequisite: CSC 147 or 

SC 170. 3 credits. 

548. Advanced Programming with Pascal. Advanced features of Pascal. 
)eveloping large programs. Libraries, units, etc. Prerequisite: CSC 147. 3 credits. 

!50. Survey of Computers and their Impact. Computer hardware and soft- 
ware from the microcomputer to the mainframe. The social, economic and ethical 
mpact of computers. 3 credits. 

•41. Computer Architecture with MACRO. The organization of computers. 

77 



the CPU, memory, disks, interfaces, interrupts, macros, device drivers. Prerequi- 
site: CSC 248. 3 credits. 

342. Data Structures. Discrete mathematical structures and their use in 
computer software. Stacks, lists, queues, hash tables, sorts, linked lists. Prereq- 
uisite: CSC 248, MAS 222 or permission. 3 credits. 

345. Business Computer Systems. An overview of computer hardware and 
software from micro to mainframe. Batch processing, time sharing, word processing, 
spreadsheets. Data processing and communication. Management of and with 
computers. Prerequisite: CSC 147. 3 credits. 

346. Data Algorithms. Methodology of data processing. Representation, stor- 
age, and retrieval of data. Methods to sort, merge, and match data. Sequential, 
random, indexed, and hash files. Prerequisite: One 200 level language course. 3 
credits. 

441. Computer Languages and Compilers. Syntax and semantics of lan- 
guages. Lexical analysis, parsing, and translation. Compiler design. Prerequi- 
site: CSC 342. 3 credits. 

442. Microcomputer Systems. The architecture of microcomputers. Pro- 
gramming in assembly language. Interfacing microcomputer components. The 
design of microcomputer operating systems. Prerequisite: CSC 147. 3 credits. 

445. Database Management. The organization of files. Database structure and 
implementations. Integrity and security of databases. Major DBM systems. 
Prerequisite: two 300 level courses. 3 credits. 

446. Computer Systems Analysis and Design. Principles of computer man- 
agement. Design tools and techniques. Hardware, operating systems, languages 
and their interrelations. Implementation and evaluation of computer systems. 
Prerequisite: CSC 345 or MAS 335 and two 300 level courses. 3 credits. 

Economics (ECN) 

The Political Science and Economics department is described on page 59. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree and Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in 
economics. 

Major: Bachelor of Science: ECN 110,120,201,203,222,233,312, 6 elective hours 
in economics; ACT 161,162; CSC 147 or 170; ENG 210; MAS 150 or 160 or 161 oJ 
111; MAS 170 or 270 or 372; MGT 330,485; PHL 260 (54 credits). 

78 



Major: Bachelor of Arts: ECN 110,120,201,203,312, and four additional elective 
courses in Economics, ACT 161, MAS 150 or 160 or 161 or 111, MAS 170 or 270 
or 372 (36 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Science: ECN 110,120,201,203,312; one from ACT 161, MGT 
100, or one elective course in economics (18 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Arts: ECN 110,120,201,203,312, and one additional elective 
economics course (18 credits). 

Courses in Economics 

110. Principles of Economics I. An introductory study of macroeconomic prin- 
ciples, with emphasis on national income determination, the price level, em- 
ployment, economic growth, money and banking, and government monetary and 
fiscal policies. 3 credits. 

120. Principles of Economics II. An introductory study of microeconomic 
principles, with emphasis on price, production, and distribution theories under 
conditions of varying market structures. Factor market analysis as well as 
implications for welfare economics and public policy are considered. 3 credits. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and economic analysis of current 
public issues. 3 credits. 

201. Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis. Managerial and economic de- 
cision-making of business firms, with emphasis on sales, costs, profit, and 
resource allocation. The course provides a study of the tools of analysis, including 
the use of computers. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

203. Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis. A study of national income and 
employment theory, with primary emphasis on determination of the levels of 
employment and prices. The problems of unemployment and inflation are analyzed 
ind appropriate monetary and fiscal policies considered. Prerequisites: ECN 110 
md 120. 3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative 
nethods used in modern management and economics. Topics include probability 
oncepts, forecasting, decision theory, linear programming, queuing theory, 
letwork models, and Markov analysis. Prerequisites: MAS 150 and 170. 3 credits. 
Cross-listed as Management 222.1 



79 



233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic 
Environment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as an 
economic analytical and business management tool. Topics include economic data 
analysis, economic graphics, and decision support systems. Prerequisites: ECN 
110 and 120, or permission. 3 credits. 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of money and credit, including 
the development and role of commercial and central banking, structure and 
functions of the Federal Reserve System, and monetary and banking theory, 
policy, and practice. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

315. Health Care Finance and Economics. Analysis of the economic problems 
of health and medical care to determine how to provide the best health care to the 
most people in a cost-effective manner. Examination of the principle elements of 
health care, including the physician, the hospital, and the pharmaceutical 
industry, as well as the influence of government and the insurance industry. All 
economic analysis will be considered within the context of medical ethics and 
societal values. Prerequisite: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

321. Public Finance. A study of the economic functioning of government, 
including principles of taxation, public expenditures, debt, and fiscal policy. 
Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

332. International Economics. A study of theories and empirical analysis of 
international economic relations. Topics include analyses of free exchange of 
goods, factors, and money, restrictive trade policies, and freer economic practices. 
Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of economic thought through 
the principal schools from mercantilism to the present. Attention is given to the 
analysis of the various theories of value, wages, interest, rent, profit, price level, 
business cycles, and employment, and to the influences of earlier economic ideas 
upon current thinking and policy-making. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 
credits. 

411. Economic Growth and Development. Theoretical and empirical analysis 
of problems of economic development in both underdeveloped and advanced 
countries. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 



80 



Education (EDU) 

The Education Department is described on page 40. 

The program in Elementary Education is described on page 81 and that in 
Secondary Education on page 131. 

Minor: EDU 1 10, GPY 112; one of ELM 270, ELM 341, ELM 361; one of ELM 250, 
ELM 332, GPY 111; one of EDU 346, EDU 391, SED 420, EDU 442; ELM 280 or 
SED 280, 1-3 credits (16-18 credits). 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study of the social, historical and philo- 
sophical foundations of American education correlated with a survey of the 
principles and theories of influential educators. 3 credits. 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. A study of the 
preparation and use of instructional technology, media, and equipment. 3 credits. 

442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. An introduction to current 
research and practices concerning exceptionalities in children, including the 
lhandicapped and gifted. The course includes attention to policies, legislation, 
jprograms, methods and materials. Various resource personnel are invited to 
(address pertinent issues. The course includes a minimum of one hour per week 
field experience in local programs designed to meet the needs of exceptional 
children. Prerequisites: EDU 1 10, PSY 100 or PSY 120, or permission of instructor. 
3 credits. 

(Elementary Education (Teacher Certification) (ELM) 

iLThe Education department is described on page 40. 

'Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in elementary education. 

Major: Elementary education majors must take: EDU 110; ELM 220, 250, 
270, 332, 341, 342, 344, 361, 362, 440, 499; ART 401; GPY 111; HIS 125 or 126: 
KlAS 100 or equivalent; PSY 100, 220, 321 (66 credits). 

The minor in education is described on page 81. 



SI 



Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elementary 
education majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including the 
playing of instruments, singing, using notation, listening, movement, and cre- 
ative applications. 3 credits. 

250. Mathematics in the Elementary School. A study of basic preschool to 
eighth grade mathematical concepts with major emphasis on problem solving, 
estimating, and computers. The course is designed to view mathematics as a 
multidisciplined subject. Attention is given to the development of hands-on 
teaching activities, simulations, and experiences which can be utilized effectively 
with any classroom population. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. An intro- 
duction to contemporary research, theories, programs, curricula, methods, and 
materials in early childhood education, nursery school through grade 2. Includes 
required field experience in a local early childhood center. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of literature for children from infants 
through grade 8, including extensive classroom examination of books, poetry, 
storytelling, and audiovisual resources in children's literature. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in the Elementary School. Supervised field experiences 
in appropriate school settings. Prerequisite: Permission. 1-3 credits. 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. A study of basic 
concepts in general science, earth and space science, physical and biological 
science, and environmental studies. The course emphasizes the experiential 
nature of science in the elementary classroom with special attention to the 
materials and methodologies appropriate to young children. 3 credits. 

341,342. Teaching of Reading 1,11. The fundamentals of teaching children to 
read from the readiness programs of early childhood education to the more 
comprehensive techniques required to teach reading in all subject areas of the 
curricula in elementary and middle schools. Effective reading programs, methods, 
and materials are examined first hand. Attention is given to the classroom 
teacher's diagnosis of reading difficulties with an eye to preventive and prescrip- 
tive teaching. Includes during each semester one hour per week of tutoring of 
selected elementary school students. Prerequisite: ELM 270. 3 credits per semester. 



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344. Health and Safety Education. A study of basic health and safety practices 
and procedures as applied to the elementary school, including a program of 
physical education for elementary school children, an American Red Cross- 
approved program of first aid, and an evaluation of sources and use of materials. 
Prerequisites: EDU 110; PSY 220; Elementary Education major. 3 credits. 

361. Language Arts in the Elementary School. The content, methods and 
materials for teaching oral and written language beginning with early childhood: 
listening, speaking, creative and practical writing, as well as the related skills of 
creative dramatics, handwriting, grammar and usage. The course is designed to 
assist teachers in helping children to communicate effectively and responsibly in 
a creative manner. 3 credits. 

362. Social Studies in the Elementary School. An examination of the content, 
methods and role of social studies in the elementary school, beginning with early 
childhood. The curriculum is examined from two vantage points: the daily lives of 
children as they relate to developing values and attitudes and the planned study 
of people as they live and have lived in our world. The development of a teaching 
unit and the examination of learning resources contribute to a sound instructional 
program. 3 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire semester in a classroom 
of an area public school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating 
teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative grade point average of 2.00 during 
the first six semesters of college is required. Prerequisites: EDU 110; PSY 220; 
ELM 250,270,332,341,342,361,362, and permission. 3-12 credits. 

499. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to pertinentissues in education are 
researched and discussed by the participants in the course. Issues relating to 

I problems in student teaching or to further professional growth in the profession 
are explored. 3 credits. 

Engineering 

The co-operative ("3 + 2") Engineering program is described under the listing for 
the Cooperative Programs on page 30. 

English (ENG) 

The English Department is described on page 42. 
Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in English. 



S3 



Major: Core requirements: ENG 200; three from 221-228; 331; 341 or 342; 499 (21 
credits). Students must choose one of the concentrations below in addition to the core. 

Literature concentration: Three additional survey courses (ENG 221-228); 
three additional major authors (ENG 340-349) or special topics courses (ENG 390- 
399) or genre (ENG 335-339) courses (39 total credits). 

Communications concentration: ENG 213; four additional communications 
courses; 3 credits of ENG 400 (39 total credits). 

Secondary Education concentration: Two additional survey courses from 
ENG 221-228 (must include both 221,222); three additional major authors (ENG 
340-349) or special topics (ENG 291-299, 390-399) or genre (ENG 335-339) 
courses; ENG 218; ENG 332; FLG 250; and either ENG 213 or ENG 336 (48 
credits). 

Minor (Literature): ENG 200; ENG 221 or 222; two from ENG 225, 226, 227, 228; 
two additional literature courses ( 18 credits). 

Minor (Communications): ENG 200,213,221 or 222; three additional commu- 
nications courses (18 credits). 

Courses in English 

111,112. English Composition LII. Both semesters help the student find her 
or his own voice within the demands and expectations of public expression. Both 
courses emphasize the development of clear, organized, and rhetorically effective 
prose. 112 also emphasizes reading and research skills. Prerequisite for 112: 111 
or permission of chairperson. 3 credits. 

200. Introduction to Literary Studies. An introduction to genres and to the 
basic methodology, tools, terminology, and concepts of the study of literature. 3 
credits. 

210. Management Communications. The development of reading, writing, 
speaking and listening skills for business management. Prerequisites: ENG 
111,112 or permission. 3 credits. 

213. Journalism. The development of the basic skills of journalistic writing such 
as interviewing, covering meetings, gathering and reporting news and features 
according to standard formats and styles; the course also discusses legal and 
ethical aspects of journalism. 3 credits. 



84 



216. Technical Writing. The development of writing skills within the context of 
specialized, usually technical or scientific, subject matters, with emphasis on style 
and forms. Prerequisite: 111 and 112 or permission. 3 credits. 

218. Oral Communication. Introduction to oral communication, both formal 
and informal. 3 credits. 

219. Creative Writing: Fiction. A workshop in writing short fiction. 3 credits. 

221. Survey of American Literature I. A survey of selected major American 
authors from the colonial period to about the Civil War. 3 credits. 

222. Survey of American Literature II. A survey of selected major American 
authors from about the Civil War to the present. 3 credits. 

225. Survey of English Literature I. A survey of selected major English au- 
thors to about 1800. 3 credits. 

226. Survey of English Literature II. A survey of selected major English 
authors from about 1800 to the present. 3 credits. 

227. World Literature I. A survey of selected major writers from the early 
Hebrews and Greeks to the Renaissance. 3 credits. 

228. World Literature II. A survey of selected major writers from the Renais- 
sance to the present. 3 credits. 

|311. Feature Writing. Instructions and practice in writing feature articles for 
'newspapers, trade journals, and magazines; free lance marketing and market 
I analysis. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

1312. Radio and TV Writing. Theory and technique of writing news and features 
' jfor broadcast media. Editing and rewriting press association dispatches, gathering 
;llocal news, recording interviews, and preparing newscasts and feature programs. 
Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

: 313. Advertising Copy and Layout. Principles and techniques of copywriting: 
n selection and presentation of sales points; creative strategy in production of 
1 layouts. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

314. Public Relations. Purposes and methods of modern public relations as 
f practiced by business and industry, organizations and institutions, trades and 
Drofessions. Public opinion evaluation. Planning of public relations programs. 
Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

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315. Editing. Editing theory and exercises in copyreading, rewriting, and 
headlining. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

331. History and Traditional Grammar of English. An examination of the 
evolution of English sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary, as well as a 
survey of conventions and current usage. 3 credits. 

335. The Novel. A study of the development of the English novel from Richardson 
to Joyce. 3 credits. 

336. Theatre Workshop. A workshop in the elements of theatre with classroom 
practice in production of scenes and whole plays. 3 credits. 

338. Dramatic Literature I. A survey of dramatic literature from the Greeks to 
about 1850, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 3 credits. 

339. Dramatic Literature II. A survey of dramatic literature from about 1850 
to the present, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 3 credits. 

341. Shakespeare I. A concentrated study of early Shakespearean drama, 
especially the comedies and the histories. 3 credits. 

342. Shakespeare II. A concentrated study of late Shakespearean drama, 
especially the tragedies and the romances. 3 credits. 

343-349. Major Authors. An examination of works of major authors in American, 
English, and World literature. 3 credits each. 

499. Seminar. The topics of this culmination of a liberal education in English 
vary. The course is taught as a seminar with much of the teaching being done by 
the students. 3 credits. 

Environmental Studies 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in environmental studies 
through the cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in 
biology, economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such 
students shall take BIO 111,112,302; ECN 110,120; MAS 161 or 111; MAS 170, 
regardless of major, and shall meet the general requirements of the College. See 
Cooperative Programs on page 30. 



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Fine Arts (FAR) 

This course is offered to acquaint students with the connection between theatre 
and dance performance which has been essential to the development and enrich- 
ment of the world's civilizations. The course is graded on a S (satisfactory) or U 
(unsatisfactory) basis. 

Course in Fine Arts 

110. American Musical Stage Dance. Jazz techniques of American theatrical 
contemporary dance emphasizing form, style, and characterization. 1 credit. 

Foreign Language (FLG) 

(See also French, German, Greek, Japanese and Spanish). 

The Foreign Languages department is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in foreign language. 

Major: FLG 250, 24 credits above the intermediate level in one language, 12 
credits above the intermediate level in a second language ( 39 credits ). For teaching 
certification FLG 440 is also required. 

Courses in Foreign Language 

250. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory study of language as a 
communication system, designed for majors and non-majors and taught in 
jEnglish. 3 credits. 

260. Approaches to Culture. A survey of contemporary life in French, German 
land Spanish speaking countries. Topics may include customs, values, social 
Structures, geography, and current issues. Taught in English. 3 credits. 

I 

1440. Methods of Teaching Foreign Language. A comprehensive study of 

qiodern teaching methods, with emphasis on basic skills for secondary school level 

nstruction. Prerequisite: FRN 316, SPA 316, or GMN 316. 2 credits. 



ST 



Forestry 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in forestry through the 
cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biology, econom- 
ics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such students shall 
take BIO 111,112,302; ECN 110,120; MAS 161 or 111; MAS 170, regardless of 
major, and shall meet the general requirements of the College. See Cooperative 
Programs on page 30. 

French (FRN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in French. 

Major: 24 credits in French above the intermediate level, FLG 250 (27 credits). 

Minor: 18 credits in French above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced 
conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in French 

101,102. Elementary French 1,11. Introductory courses in French. 3 credits 
per semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational French 1,11. A review of French 
grammar, emphasizing practice in conversation, comprehension, reading, and 
writing. Prerequisite: FRN 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to French Literature. Practice in the close reading of 
literary texts and in the basic language skills. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equiva- 
lent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living French authors. 
Attention both to individual style, innovations in form, and the relationship of the 
writer to current problems. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 
3 credits. 

315. French Culture. A study of modern France. Special attention is given to 
those qualities, characteristics, and traditions that are uniquely French. Prereq- 
uisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 



316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken 
and written French. An advanced grammatical and stylistic level with emphasis 
on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 
3 credits. 

320. Business French. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. French Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of 
medieval French literature to 1600. Prerequisite: FRN 311 or 316 or permission. 
3 credits. 

420. French Literature of the Age of Louis XTV. A study of major French 
authors of this era, the apogee of French civilization, including Corneille, Racine, 
Moliere. Prerequisite: FRN 311 or FRN 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A study of the main literary 
and philosophical currents of the Eighteenth Century. Emphasis on the works of 
Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire, and Rousseau. Prerequisite: FRN 300 or FRN 
316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The Modern French Novel. A study of the French novel. Limited to the 
study of novels of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: FRN 
311 or FRN 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A study of theatre and poetry of 
the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: FRN 311 or FRN 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

General Education (GED) 

For general education core requirements, see page 24. 

120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of how life in 
the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical developments in 
Europe and America, including the growth of science, the rise of national states, 
locial classes and values, and changing views of the world. 3 credits. 

140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human behavior. 
The nature and definition of culture. The biological and social sources of culture. 
Culture, language, personality. The impact of culture on social life and on the 
individual; examples from Western and non-Western sources. 3 credits. 



89 



160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrelationships 
among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus content. Art as tht 
product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 

GENERAL STUDIES 

Bachelors Degree 

The bachelors degree program in General Studies is intended for students whc 
desire the widest possible choice in selecting a program of study. Students maj 
choose their courses freely from among the arts, humanities, sciences, and social 
sciences. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science with a major in General Studies. 

Requirements: The general requirements of the College; 24 or more credits 
selected from courses at the 300 level or above; free electives to complete the 
number of credits required for graduation; a cumulative grade point average ol 
2.00 or better. 

Associate Degree 

The associate degree program in general studies is intended for students who dc 
not wish to concentrate in a single area. In this program students select theii 
courses freely from among the arts, humanities, sciences, and social sciences. 

Degree: Associate of Arts or Associate of Science with a major in General Studies. 
Open only to students matriculated through the Continuing Education Center. 

Requirements: 27 credits from the general requirements including ENG 1 1 1, 1 12, 

LSP 100 or 1 1 1, and one course from each of the other General Requirement areas, 
except physical education; 33 credits of free electives; a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.00. 

Geography (GPY) 

Courses in geography are offered to acquaint students with the physical and 
cultural aspects of the world in which they live and to introduce them to geography 
as a discipline. The courses are recommended for all students who wish to broaden 
their understanding of the world. 



90 



Courses in Geography 

111. Physical Geography and Its Impact. A survey of the physical aspects of 
the earth and its impact on life. Attention is given to the solar system, the earth's 
movements, climate, weather, landforms, ecology, environmental awareness, and 
the processes that form and change the earth's surface. Students explore through 
current events, geographic searches, slides, lectures, and discussions the impact 
that physical geography has on their everyday lives. Requirement for elementary 
education certification. Prerequisite: Elementary Education major or permission 
of instructor. 3 credits. 

112. Cultural Geography. A survey of the various geographic regions of the 
world and their cultural features, including their natural resources, economy, 
social and religious customs, food supply, populations, ecology, and topical 
geography. Students explore the events and forces that have divided the globe into 
two basic sets of countries, those of the technological world and those of the 
developing world. Special attention is given to heightening students' international 
awareness and appreciation for diverse cultures. 3 credits. 

211. American Cultural Geography. A study of how the natural environment 
has influenced the historic development of American culture, including the 
geographic distribution of population groups, religious denominations and practices, 
language patterns, architectural styles, and the like. 3 credits. 

German (GMN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts degree with a major in German. 

Major: 24 credits in German above the intermediate level; FLG 250. (27 credits). 

Minor: 18 credits in German above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced 
conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in German 

101,102. Elementary German 1,11. Introductory courses in German. 3 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational German I, II. A review of German 
grammar, with practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: GMN 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 



91 



210. Scientific German. An introduction to scientific writing in German. The 
vocabulary and syntax of scientific writing with emphasis on the accurate 
translations of texts. Taught in English. Prerequisite: GMN 102. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to German Literature. Practice in the careful reading of 
literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living German 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer to 
current problems. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. German Culture. Study of the major features of contemporary German life. 
Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken 
and written German on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with 
emphasis on the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequisite: GMN 
202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business German. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. The German Heritage. A survey of German culture and civilization 
including history, music, art, literature, and philosophy. Prerequisite: GMN 311 
or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. The Age of Heroes. An exploration of the idea held by writers from the 
medieval through the baroque periods that an exemplary individual is the proper 
measure and focus of human aspiration and achievement. Prerequisite: GMN 311 
or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of these literary figures, with an 
examination of their society and artistic achievements. Prerequisite: GMN 311 or 
316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The German Novelle. The novelle as a literary genre as well as its 
development through the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Prerequisite: 
GMN 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. German Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of representa- 
tive works by leading authors of the century and current literary movements. 
Prerequisite: GMN 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

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Greek (GRK) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 44. 

Courses in Greek 

101,102. Elementary Greek 1,11. Introductory study in the basics of ancient 
Greek. 3 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Greek 1,11. Readings from Greek literature. First se- 
mester includes readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second semester 
includes readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. Prerequisite: GRK 102. 3 credits. 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 
credits. 

491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 

Health Care Management 

The Management Department is described on page 46. 

The major in health care management is designed for people in health care fields 
who possess an associate degree or diploma and professional certification. These 
qualifications are required for admission to the program. The program combines 
studies in the liberal arts and management, plus business practices common to 
;he health care industry. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in health care management. 

Major: ACT 161, 162, CSC 147 or 170, ECN 110, 120, 315, ENG 111, 210, LSP 
L00, MGT 330, 487, PHL 260; SOC 324; 9-12 credits in sociology, psychology, or 
)ther disciplines approved by the Director of Continuing Education; and any four 
>f the following courses (12 credits): MAS 170, MGT 222, 340, 350. 361. 371. 372, 
584, 420, 425 (60-63 total). 

Admission to this degree program is open only to adults who have completed 

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successfully an accredited diploma or associate degree program also with 
certification by a state governmental agency or a national professional accrediting 
organization in the following fields: Clinical Medical Assistant, Cytotechnologist, 
Dental Hygienist, Emergency Medical Technician, Medical Laboratory Techni- 
cian, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Occupational Therapy Assistant, Physical 
Therapy Assistant, Radiologic Technologist, Registered Nurse, Respiratory 
Therapist. 

Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional education in the medical (medicine, 
osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and dentistry) and 
veterinary fields. Students interested in one of these careers usually follow a 
science curriculum with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional study, the 
student who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate in a cooperative 
program between the College and local veterinarians specializing in both small 
and large animal medicine. Students not only receive credit for the work, but also 
gain valuable experience in the field. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the 
Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine have established an accelerated 
curriculum consisting of a minimum of 90 undergraduate semester hours and four 
years of podiatric medical education. Following three years of study at Lebanon 
Valley College a student may be recommended for further study at the Pennsylvania 
College of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon Valley College then awards the bacca- 
laureate degree, with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry, to those 
students who complete successfully one year of basic science education at the 
Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study in addition 
to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in health professions 
careers. 

History (HIS) ' 

The History Department is described on page 45. 
Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in history. 
Major: History is a two-track major. 



94 



For students seeking secondary education certification to teach social studies, a 
history major requires HIS 125,126,213,499, two upper-level courses in U.S. 
history and three in non-U. S. history (27 credits). 

For all other students, the history major requires HIS 125,126, 213,313,499, two 
upper-level courses in U.S. history and three in non-U. S. history, and two elective 
courses in history (36 credits). 

Minor: HIS 125,126,213; one upper-level course in U.S. history and two in non- 
US. history (18 credits). 

Courses in History 

L25. Survey of United States History I. The story of America from Columbus 
;o the Civil War. 3 credits. 

126. Survey of United States History II. The story of America from Recon- 
struction through the Reagan years. 3 credits. 

201. Ancient History: Greece and Rome. The beginnings of civilization with 
oarticular emphasis upon the cultural developments of the Greeks and Romans. 
3 credits. 

203. The Middle Ages. A study of the thousand-year period that saw the 
mergence of a Christian European civilization. Political, social, economic, and 
ntellectual aspects are emphasized. 3 credits. 

205. Early Modern Europe. The Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revo- 
ution, and the development of national political states, especially in the 17th and 
L8th centuries. 3 credits. 

206. Revolution & Nationalism, 1789-1914. A study of the effects of the French 
devolution and the Industrial Revolution on Europe. Particular attention is paid 
o the rise of class antagonisms and national rivalries. 3 credits. 

$07. Europe in the 20th Century. Developments in Europe from 1914 to the 
)resent, with particular attention to the impact of the world wars. 3 credits. 

510. European Social History. An inquiry into the lives and experiences of 
•rdinary folk. Topics include women, laboring classes, and popular culture. 3 
redits. 

513. History and Historians. The lives and ideas of the great historians from 
indent Greeks to recent America. 3 credits. 

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225. The Colonies and the American Revolution. A study of how European:! 
seized the New World, transformed themselves into Americans, and fought t(< 
build a republic in a hostile world of monarchies. 3 credits. 

226. Age of Jefferson & Jackson. How the old republican ideal of a virtuous 
agrarian society struggles to confront the new age of economic modernization; 
social diversity, and sectional tension. 3 credits. 

227. Civil War and Reconstruction. A study of how sectional divisions ovei 
slavery led to a bloody war and a bitter postwar effort to reshape Southern society. 
3 credits. 

229. America in the Atomic Age. The impact of World War II, the cold war, 
social change, and international responsibilities upon America since 1941. 3 
credits. 

241. Pennsylvania History. The story of Pennsylvania's founding, settlement, 
expansion, and development from William Penn to the present. 3 credits. 

261. American Intellectual History. A survey of American intellectual life 
from the European discovery to the present, concentrating on the way in which 
developments in religion, politics, education, science, social science, and the arts, 
have affected Americans' thinking about themselves, their communities, and 
their role in the world. 3 credits. 

262. American Social History. A survey of American social history from the 
colonial period to the present, focusing on the transformation of European culture 
by American conditions. Special attention will be paid to such developments as 
religious diversity, slavery, the achievement of independence, westward expan- 
sion, changing patterns of immigration, social organization, industrialization, 
urbanization, and involvement in international affairs. 3 credits. 

311. American Business History to 1920. An analysis of the role of business 
in America from the colonial period to 1920. Topics include managerial leadership, 
entrepreneurship, the development of the American economy, and the relation- 
ships between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An examina- 
tion of the transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one industry 
to another. Instruction method includes industrial, corporate and managerial 
case studies, readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. (Cross-listed as 
Management 311.} 

312. American Business History Since 1920. An analysis of the role of busi- 
ness in America during the Twentieth Century. Topics include managerial 



96 



leadership, entrepreneurship, the development of the American economy, and the 
relationships between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An 
examination of the transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one 
industry to another is examined. Instruction method includes industrial, corporate 
and managerial case studies, readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. 
{Cross-listed as Management 312.1 

313. Public History. An introduction to non-teaching careers in History. Stu- 
dents examine the basics of archival management, museum curatorship, editing, 
oral history, and specialized work in government, corporations, historical societies, 
libraries, preservation agencies, research agencies, foundations, and higher 
education. 3 credits. 

331. Nazi Germany and World War II. A look in depth at the nature of 
totalitarianism, the German experience, the growth of the Nazi party, the 
[emergence of Hitler, and the Holocaust. 3 credits. 

335. Intellectual History Since the Renaissance. A survey of the ideas that 
have dominated the development of Western Civilization, and the political, social, 
and economic context that gave them meaning. 3 credits. 

1341. Survey of Russian History. The development of Russia and the Soviet 
Union from Kievan beginnings to the present, with emphasis upon the period 
jsince 1600. 3 credits. 

344. History of the Far East. A survey of the political, economic, and cultural 
^institutions of China and Japan, with special emphasis given to the Western 
impact on these institutions after 1500. 3 credits. 

360. American Military History. A survey of American military institutions 
from Old World tradition to the post Vietnam era, with particular emphasis on the 
development of the United States Army. The course features leadership case 
studies. 3 credits. 

•499. Seminar. Readings, discussions, and evaluations of important works of 
history. Open to history majors and minors, and to others by permission of 
instructor. 3 credits. 

Honors (HON) 

' The Honors program and courses are described on page 28. 



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Hotel Management (HTM) 

The Management Department is described, on page 46. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in hotel management. 

Major: HTM 111, 112, 211, 222, 231, 311, 322, 331, 411, 422, 431; ACT 161, 162; 
ECN 120; MGT 330, 340, 420, 485; ENG 210; PHL 260 (60 credits). 

Minor: HTM 111, 112, 211, 222, 231, 311; ACT 161 (21 credits). 

Courses in Hotel Management 

111. Introduction to the Hotel Industry. History, development and operation 
of the hotel industry. Emphasis on current organization, problems, opportunities 
and trends. Overview of how the hotel industry functions in the world economy. 
Management orientation stressed. 3 credits. 

112. Front Office Management. An analysis of the integrated functions of the 
front office and housekeeping departments. Topics include work and information 
flow within and between departments, demand forecasting, pricing strategies, 
reservations and control, front desk responsibilities, guest services, emergency 
procedures, night auditing, and a general introduction to the art of innkeeping. 
Materials, equipment and techniques involved in the housekeeping function will 
also be analyzed. Prerequisite: HTM 111. 3 credits. 

211. Hotel Law. Fundamentals of hotel law including innkeeper laws and 
dramshop laws. The case study method develops an awareness and understanding 
of the legal problems confronting hotel managers. Prerequisite: HTM 111. 3 
credits. 

221. The Psychology and Sociology of Leisure. An analysis of the funda- 
mental psychological and sociological concepts and theories related to the moti- 
vation for travel. Review of consumer behavior in the hotel industry. Evaluating 
customer needs and services. Prerequisite: HTM 111 and permission. 3 credits. 

222. Food and Beverage Management I. Introduction to the food and beverage 
functions with emphasis on menu planning and purchasing. Includes fundamen- 
tals and language, systems, equipment, operational responsibilities, management 
organizational patterns, nutrition, storage, and sanitation. Prerequisite: HTM 
111. 3 credits. 



98 



231. Supervised Field Experience: Front Office Management. Emphasizes 
selected aspects of front office management. Accompanied by readings, reports, 
journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field 
work in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HTM 112 and permission. 3 credits. 

311. Advanced Hotel Management. An analysis of the following aspects of 
hotel organizations: health, safety and security; building and grounds; equipment 
purchase, repair and maintenance; facilities design; renovation and maintenance; 
internal controls; and energy management. Prerequisite: HTM 112. 3 credits. 

322. Food and Beverage Management II. Analysis of the food and beverage 
functions with emphasis on production and services. Prerequisite: HTM 112. 3 
credits. 

331. Supervised Field Experience: Marketing. Emphasizes selected aspects 
of marketing techniques and research. Accompanied by readings, reports, jour- 
nals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five ( 135) hours of field work in 
the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HTM 112, MGT 340 and permission. 3 credits. 

411. Hotel Financial Management. To develop an understanding of common 
techniques and methods by which management in the hospitality industry can 
interpret, analyze, and make decisions based on information provided by the 
accounting system. Prerequisite: ACT 161,162. 3 credits. 

422. Food and Beverage Management III. Advanced analyses of the food and 
beverage functions with emphasis on cost control and profit planning. Relevant 
computer software applications are reviewed in depth. Prerequisite: HTM 322. 3 
credits. 

431. Supervised Field Experience: Accounting and Finance. Emphasizes 
selected aspects of accounting and financial management concepts and tech- 
niques. Accompanied by readings, reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One 
lundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work in the hotel industry. 3 credits. 

International Business 

The program in International Business is offered jointly by the Foreign Languages 
lepartment which is described on page 44, and the Management department, 
which is described on page 46. 

The program in international business provides an opportunity to integrate the 
study of business with the knowledge of a foreign language and culture. It is 
lesigned to equip students with the background and skills necessary to work with 

99 



foreign corporations within the United States and with American corporations 
abroad. While acquiring a strong liberal arts background, students who elect this 
major will receive training in accounting, management, economics and political 
science. They also will become familiar with a foreign culture and will acquire 
proficiency in French, German or Spanish. International business majors are 
encouraged to apply for internships to gain valuable field experience. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in international business. 

Major: ACT 161, 162; ECN 110, 120, 332; MGT 233, 330, 340, 361, 376, 485; two 
courses from PSC 210, 230, or 312; MAS 150 or 160 or 161 or 111; MAS 170 or 270, 
or 372; FRN, GMN, SPA 315, 316; and two other courses in the selected foreign 
language above the intermediate level (57 credits). 

Japanese (JPN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 44. 

Courses in Japenese 

101,102. Elementary Japanese 1,11. Introductory courses in Japanese. 

4 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Japanese 1,11. A continuation of 
Japanese grammar, and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and 
writing. Prerequisite: JPN 102 or equivalent. 4 credits. 

Leadership Studies (LSP) 

The program in Leadership Studies is described on page 26. 

Courses in Leadership 

100, 111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. Theories and 
concepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their practical applica- 
tions. Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, communication skills, 
conflict resolution, motivation, decision-making, values clarification, self- 
assessment, and ethics. Prerequisite for LSP 111: permission of instructor. 
3 credits. 

330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of the 
ethical and valuational questions that reside at the core of both leadership and 
leadership theories. Prerequisite: LSP 100 or 111. 3 credits. 

100 



350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership as 
exemplified in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other cultures and 
assessment of the student's own leadership style are also included. Prerequisite: 
LSP 100 or 111, PHL 220 or REL 222. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LSP 350. 3-12 credits. 

Management (MGT) 

The Management Department is described on page 46. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in management. 

Major: ACT 161, 162; ECN 110, 120; ENG 210; MGT 222, 233, 330, 340, 361, 371, 
460, 483, 485; MAS 150 (or 111 or 160 or 161); MAS 170 (or 270 or 372); PHL 260 
(51 credits). 

Courses in Management 

100. Business and Its Environment. An overview of business operations for 
the non-business major. Specialized fields within business organizations are 
analyzed. The environment and the role of business in modern society are 
examined. Not open to accounting, economics, management, or international 
business majors. 3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative 
methods used in modern management and economics. Topics include probability 
! concepts, forecasting, decision theory, linear programming, queuing theory, 
network models, and Markov analysis. Prerequisites: MAS 150 and 170. 3 credits. 
'(Cross-listed as Economics 222.) 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic 
(Environment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a business 
management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory exercises the 
student learns commonly used business applications. Topics covered include word 
processing, electronic spreadsheets, database management, business graphics, 
[decision support systems, and integrated accounting packages. Prerequisite: 
ACT 151 or 161, ECN 110 or 120, or permission. 3 credits. 

|250. Real Estate Fundamentals and Practice. This course acquaints the 
jstudent with aspects of listing, selling, and leasing property. Includes listing and 
selling techniques; contracts; financing including FHA and VA; qualifying the 



101 



customer; settlement procedures including prorations; and special fields of real 
estate such as development and construction. 4 credits. 

311. American Business History to 1920. An analysis of the role of business in 
America from the colonial period to 1920. Topics include managerial leadership, 
entrepreneurship, the development of the American economy, and the relation- 
ships between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An examina- 
tion of the transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one industry 
to another. Instruction method includes industrial, corporate and managerial 
case studies, readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. (Cross-listed as 
History 311.} 

312. American Business History Since 1920. An analysis of the role of busi- 
ness in America during the Twentieth Century. Topics include managerial 
leadership, entrepreneurship, the development of the American economy, and the 
relationships between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An 
examination of the transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one 
industry to another is examined. Instruction method includes industrial, corpo- 
rate and managerial case studies, readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. 
{Cross-listed as History 312.} 

330. Principles of Management and Organizations. A study of management 
principles, organizational theory, and administrative techniques as applied to the 
effective and efficient operation of both profit and non-profit organizations. 
Emphasizes the organization's structure, leadership, interpersonal relationships, 
and managerial functions. 3 credits. 

340. Principles of Marketing. An overview of marketing from the management 
perspective. Topics include marketing strategies; marketing research; consumer 
behavior; selecting target markets; developing, pricing, distributing, and promoting 
products and services and non-profit marketing. Prerequisite: junior standing or 
permission. 3 credits. 

341. Consumer Behavior. Analysis of factors affecting purchase decisions in 
the marketplace; application of behavioral and social science concepts to the study 
of consumer behavior. Emphasis on use of knowledge of consumer behavior for 
marketing decisions. Prerequisite: MGT 330 and MGT 340, or permission. 3 
credits. 

350. Organizational Behavior and Development. A detailed study of theories 
and models of organizational behavior and development, with emphasis on the 
practical application of these models in the workplace to improve individual, 
group, and organizational performance. Prerequisite: junior standing and MGT 
330, or permission. 3 credits. 

102 



361. Managerial Finance. A study of financial management covering analysis 
of asset, liability and capital relationships and operations; management of current 
assets and working capital; capital planning and budgeting; capital structure and 
dividend policy; short and intermediate term financing; internal and external 
long term financing; mergers and acquisitions; multinational operations; and 
corporation failures and liquidation. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or ACT 162; ECN 
110,120; MGT 222. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. An analysis of investment and its relation to other economic, 
legal, and social institutions. The course includes discussion of investment 
principles, machinery, policy, management investment types, and the development 
of portfolios for individuals and institutions. Prerequisite: MGT 361. 3 credits. 

364. Advertising. The role advertising plays in American life and its effect upon 
consumer behavior. Analysis of media strategies, functions of advertising agen- 
cies, creation of successful advertisements, and the legal and ethical restraints on 
advertising. Prerequisite: MGT 340. 3 credits. 

371. Business Law I. Elementary principles of law relating to the field of 
business. The course covers contracts, government regulation of business, con- 
sumer protection, bankruptcy, personal property, real estate, bailments, insur- 
ance and estates. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162 highly recommended. 3 credits. 

372. Business Law II. Elementary principles of law relating to business. In- 
cludes agency, employment, commercial paper, security devices, insurance, part- 
nerships, corporation, estates, bankruptcy. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162 highly 
recommended. 3 credits. 

376. International Business Management. A study of the management tech- 
niques and procedures in international and multinational organizations. Pre- 
requisite: MGT 340. 3 credits. 

380. Small Business Management. A study of small business, including orga- 
nization, staffing, production, marketing, and profit planning. Cases are used 
extensively in presenting the course material. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162, MGT 
330, or permission. 3 credits. 

384. Marketing Research. An introduction to the methodology of marketing 
research. Specific topics covered include problem formulation, research design, 
sample design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of data, and presen- 
tation of research findings. Prerequisite: MGT 330 and MGT 340. 3 credits. 



103 



420. Personnel Management. This course examines the problems in effectively 
recruiting, selecting, training, developing, compensating, and disciplining human 
resources; it includes both equal employment opportunity and labor-management 
relations. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or permission. 3 credits. 

425. Labor and Industrial Relations. Emphasis on the origin, growth, and 
development of labor organizations and the impact of such organizations on 
management practices. Topics included are: legislation affecting industrial 
relations; collective bargaining process; contract administration; industrial juris- 
prudence; and arbitration. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or permission. 3 credits. 

460. Management Information Systems. Examines data sources and the role 
of information in the organization for purposes of management planning, opera- 
tions, and control in various types of business environments. Treats information 
as a key organizational resource parallel to people, money, materials, and 
technology. Views information and its uses within general systems framework. 
Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162, CSC 147 or 170, MGT 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

483. Production and Operations Management. An overview of the produc- 
tion/operations management function as applied to both manufacturing and 
service organizations. It provides a background of the concepts and processes used 
in the production/service operations area. Integrated throughout are consider- 
ations of the information systems, the people involved, the quantitative techniques 
employed, and the international implications. Prerequisite: MGT 222 and MGT 
330, or permission. 3 credits. 

485. Business Policy. A capstone course to study administrative processes 
under conditions of uncertainty, integrating prior studies in management, ac- 
counting, and economics. Uses the case method and a computer simulation. 
Prerequisite: senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

487. Health Care Management. A capstone course to study the administrative 
processes of America's health care industry including institutional infra-struc- 
ture, governance systems, financial systems, personnel systems, quality controls, 
nursing and clinical services, and marketing. The course integrates prior study in 
health care, management, accounting, and economics. Students will develop 
problem solving skills and an appropriate management style. Prerequisite: senior 
standing or permission. 3 credits. 

Mathematics (MAS) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 48. 



104 



Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in mathematics. 

Major: MAS 111, 112, 202, 211, 222, 499, CSC 147, five courses in mathematics 
(15 credits) numbered above 300, as approved to include a balance between 
abstract and applied courses (38 credits). 

Minor: MAS 111, 112 or 161, 162, 211; MAS 202, 222, CSC 147 and one 
mathematics course (3 credits) numbered above 300, approved by the advisor (22 
credits). 

Courses in Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics with Computers. A study of a variety 
of topics from mathematics, the computer, and the use of the computer as a tool. 
Topics may include: patterns and inductive reasoning, calculators, number 
systems, nature of algebra, interest, installment buying, metric system, geometric 
concepts, computer word processing, and writing a computer program. 3 credits. 

102. Pre-Calculus, Algebra and Trigonometry. A review of college algebra 
and trigonometry. Algebraic expressions and equations, inequalities, absolute 
value, exponents, logarithms, functional notation, graphs of functions, systems of 
equations, modeling and work problems, angular measurement, trigonometric 
functions, identities, formulas, radian measure, graphs of trigonometric and 
inverse functions. 3 credits. 

111,112. Analysis 1,11. A rigorous calculus sequence for departmental majors. 
Prerequisite: placement testing or MAS 102. 5 credits per semester. 

150. Finite Mathematics. Introduction to finite mathematics with emphasis on 
economic and business applications. Topics include: sets, lines and systems of 
equations, matrices, linear programming, probability, statistics, Markov processes, 
mathematics of finance. 3 credits. 

160. Calculus for Business. Introduction to differential and integral calculus 
with emphasis on concepts and techniques most applicable to business and 
economics. Prerequisite: placement testing or MAS 102. 3 credits. 

161. Calculus I. The first course of a calculus sequence with emphasis on 
applications. Topics include: functions and limits, differentiation, integration, 
introduction to logarithm and exponential functions. Prerequisite: placement 
testing or MAS 102. 3 credits. 



105 



162. Calculus II. Continuation of topics from MAS 161. Additional applications 
of differentiation and integration, logarithm and exponential functions, inverse 
trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, improper integrals, l'hopital's rule, infi- 
nite series, and conic sections. Prerequisite: MAS 161. 4 credits. 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive and inferential statistics. 
Topics include: graphical representation, measure of central tendency, probability, 
binomial distribution, normal distribution, hypothesis testing, estimation, com- 
parison testing, linear models and correlation, and contingency tables. 3 credits. 

202. Foundations of Mathematics. Introduction to logic, set theory and real 
and complex numbers. Prerequisite: MAS 112. 3 credits. 

211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis 1,11. Prerequisite: MAS 112 or MAS 
162. 3 credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, and systems of equations. Prerequisite: 
MAS 112. 3 credits. 

261. Calculus III. Continuation of Calculus I, II. Topics include: polar coordinates, 
parametric equations, vectors in the plane, three-dimensional space, partial 
derivatives, multiple integrals, and vector calculus. Prerequisite: MAS 111 or 162. 
3 credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order differential equations, 
partial differential equations. Prerequisite: MAS 211 or MAS 261. 3 credits. 

270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of MAS 170. Prerequisite: 
MAS 112 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, field. Prerequisite: MAS 
222. 3 credits. 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic development of Absolute, Euclidean and non-Euclid- 
ean geometries. Prerequisite: MAS 112. 3 credits. 

335. Operations Research I. Linear programming, dynamic programming, 
integer programming, queueing theory, project scheduling, stochastic simulation, 
and decision analysis. Prerequisite: MAS 222,371. 3 credits. 

336. Operations Research II. Continuation of topics from MAS 335, and 
selected topics from goal programming, network analysis, game theory, stochastic 
processes, inventory theory, forecasting, and reliability. Prerequisite: MAS 335. 
3 credits. 

106 



371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, probability law and distri- 
butions. Prerequisite: MAS 211. 3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. Generating functions, decision theory, tests of 
hypotheses. Prerequisite: MAS 371. 3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. Analytic functions. Cauchy theorem, 
conformal mapping. Prerequisite: MAS 202. 3 credits. 

452. Seminar for Teachers. Issues of concern for the prospective secondary 
school mathematics teacher. 1 credit. 

463. Numerical Analysis I. Iteration, interpolation, numerical integration, and 
linear systems. Prerequisite: MAS 112 or MAS 162, CSC 147. 3 credits. 

464. Numerical Analysis II. Continuation of MAS 463, and differential equa- 
tions, and matrix methods. Prerequisite: MAS 463. 3 credits. 

471. Applied Statistics. Linear regression and correlation analysis, analysis of 
variance, sampling, time series analysis. Prerequisite: MAS 372. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. Problem solving techniques and other selected topics. Prerequi- 
site: MAS 211. 1 credit. 

Medical Technology 

In addition to the degree described below, Lebanon Valley College also offers a 
"2+2" cooperative program in medical technology with Thomas Jefferson Univer- 
sity and a "2+3" program with Hahnemann University, both in Philadelphia. 
These Programs are described on page 30. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology 

Major: BIO 111, 112, 306, 322, eight additional credits in biology; CHM 111. 112. 
113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216; PHY 103, 104; MAS 170 (51 credits). The senioryear 
is spent off-campus at an accredited hospital School of Medical Technology. It is 
the student's responsibility to apply and become accepted into a hospital program. 
Thirty (30) semester hours of credit are awarded for the successful completion of 
this year. 



10' 



Military Science (MIL) 

The Military Science program is described on page 52. 
Requirements: MIL 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 402; HIS 360. 

Courses in Military Science 

101,102. Introduction to Military Science. Emphasis on developing self- 
confidence and bearing. Instruction and weekly practical training in such bask 
skills as map reading, rappelling, weapons, communications, first aid, tactical 
movements, customs and courtesies, public speaking, and leadership. Meets on* 
hour per week each semester. Also two to three Saturdays of adventure training 
and one formal social event each semester. 1 credit each semester. 

201,202. Application of Military Science. Advanced instruction in topics 
introduced in the first year. Participation in operations and basic tactics tc 
demonstrate leadership problems and to develop leadership skills. Meets twc 
hours per week each semester. Also two to three Saturdays of adventure training 
and one formal social event each semester. 1 credit each semester. 

301,302. Advanced Application of Military Science. Emphasis on leader 
ship. Situations require direct interaction with other cadets and test the student's 
ability to meet set goals and to get others to do the same. Students master basic 
tactical skills of the small unit leader. Meets two hours per week and selectee 
weekends each semester. Prerequisite: Open only to Advanced Course cadets. 1 
credit each semester. 

401,402. Command and Staff. Emphasis is placed on developing planning and 
decision-making capabilities in the areas of military operations, logistics, and 
administration. Meets two hours per week and selected weekends each semester. 
Prerequisite: Open only to Advanced Course cadets. 1 credit each semester. 

Music (MSC) 

The Music department is described on page 54. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Arts with a major in music; Bachelor of Music; Bachelor ol 
Music with a major in Sacred Music; Bachelor of Science with a major in music 
education; Bachelor of Music with emphasis in Sound Recording Technology. 



108 



Majors: Core courses in all music degree programs are: (Area I) MSC 115, 116, 
117, 118, 215, 217, 226, 316; (Area V) MSC 341, 342; (Area VI) MSC 246; (Area VII) 
MSC 530 [B.S.], or 540 [B.A.], or 550 [B.M.]. 

Music (B.A.): Core courses plus (Area I) MSC 224,315,329; (Area II) MSC 132,327 
for voice majors; (Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) MSC 306 for piano majors, MSC 
326 for voice majors, MSC 462; (Area VII) MSC 510 or 530-piano for voice majors, 
MSC 540-piano/voice depending upon performance area. 

Orchestral and Band Instruments (B.M.): Core courses plus (Area I) MSC 
224,315,329,416; (Area II) MSC 403; (Area III) MSC 123,124- brass or 231,232- 
woodwinds, or 337,338-strings, or 127,228-percussion; (Area IV) ensembles, MSC 
480; (Area V) MSC 462; (Area VII) MSC 510 or 530-piano, 520 or 530-voice, MSC 
550-orchestral/band instrument depending upon performance area. 

Piano (B.M.): Core courses plus (Area I) MSC 224,315,329,416; (Area II) MSC 
406; (Area IV) ensembles, MSC 411,480-6 credits; (Area V) MSC 306,462; (Area 
VI) MSC 345 or 347; (Area VII) MSC 520 or 530-voice, MSC 550-piano, MSC 600. 

Sacred Music (B.M.): Core courses plus (Area I) MSC 224, 315, 329; (Area V) 
MSC 462; (Area VI) MSC 347. Organ track: (Area II) MSC 132, 422; (Area IV) 
tnsembles; ( Area V) MSC 321, 322, 351, 352, 354, 421; (Area VII) MSC 520 or 530- 
/oice, 530-piano, MSC 550-organ. 

Voice track: (Area II) MSC 132,327,422; (Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) MSC 
521,322,326,351,421; (Area VII) MSC 530-piano, 530-organ, 550-voice. 

Vlusic Education (B.S.): Core courses plus (Area I) MSC 416; (Area II) MSC 
}33,334,335,336,441,402or404;(AreaIII)MSC 123, 124, 127,228,231,232,337,338; 
Area IV) ensembles; (Area V) MSC 341,342; (Area VI) MSC 345 or 347; EDU 110; 
PSY 100 or 120; PSY 220. Students whose performance medium is piano are 
equired to study 1 year of voice. Students whose performance medium is voice are 
equired to complete 2 years of piano. Students whose performance medium is a 
>and or orchestral instrument are required to complete 2 years of piano study and 
year of voice study. All study includes class or private instruction. Music 
ducation majors are permitted to register for only the half-hour lesson in their 
>rincipal performance medium during the student teaching semester. All students 
nay earn up to 12 credits for ensemble participation. 

tfinor: MSC 115, 116, 117, 341 or 342, 6 credits of Private Instruction (MSC 530) 
md 4 credits in music ensembles or elective courses. All programs must be 
ipproved by the Chairperson. 



109 



Student Recitals 

The student recitals are of inestimable value to all students in acquainting them 
with a wide range of the best musical literature, in developing musical taste and 
discrimination, in affording the experience of appearing before an audience, and 
in gaining self- reliance as well as nerve control and stage demeanor. Students at 
all levels of performance appear in these student recitals. 

Courses in Music Theory (Area I) 

Enrollment in all music courses above the 100 level requires the permission of the 
Chairperson of the Department. 

115. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music and their notation. Harmo- 
nization of melodies and basses with fundamental triads. Analysis. 2 credits. 

116. Harmony II. A study of inversions of triads, seventh chords, the principles 
of modulation and figured bass. Analysis of hymns and standard literature. 2 
credits. 

117. Ear Training and Sight Singing I. The singing and aural recognition of 
intervals, scales triads and simple harmonic progressions. 2 credits. 

118. Ear Training and Sight Singing II. A continuation of the 117, empha- 
sizing clef reading, modality, modulation and more complicated rhythmic devices 
and harmonic patterns. 2 credits. 

215. Harmony III. The writing and analysis of exercises and literature that 
include secondary dominant, diminished seventh chords and substitutes for 
diatonic harmony. Analysis and discussion of Twentieth Century compositional 
techniques. 2 credits. 

217. Basic Concepts of Structure and Style. An advanced ear training course 
using literature representing various stylistic periods and performance media as 
the basis for analysis, discussion and aural recognition. 2 credits. 

224. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three- and 
four-part work in all the species. 2 credits. 

226. Form and Analysis I. A study through analysis and listening of simple and 
compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and sonata forms. Emphasis 
is placed primarily upon structural content. The course provides experience and 
skill in both aural and visual analysis. 2 credits. 

110 



{15. Harmony IV. Elementary Composition. Exposure to the composition of 
various forms, including theme and variation, rondo, song and dance forms; 
ixploration of Twentieth Century compositional techniques. 2 credits. 

116. Keyboard Harmony. Score reading and the realization of figured bass at 
he keyboard, transposition, and improvisation. The successful completion of a 
)iano jury is required for admission to the course. 2 credits. 

129. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis and listening of fugal 
brms, suite, complex sonata forms and techniques for analysis of certain contem- 
>orary styles of music. 2 credits. 

H6. Orchestration. A study of instrumentation and the devices and techniques 
or scoring transcriptions, arrangements and solos for orchestra and band, with 
pecial emphasis on practical scoring for mixed ensembles as they occur in public 
chools. Laboratory analysis and performance. Scoring of original works. 2 credits. 



Music Education (Area II) 

32. Diction for Singers. An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's 
Inglish, German, French, Italian, and Latin, utilizing the International Phonetic 
Jphabet. Required for sacred music majors and for voice students majoring in 
lusic; open to other students with permission of the instructor. 1 credit. 

20. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elementary 
ducation majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including the 
laying of instruments, singing, notation, listening, movement, and creative 
pplications. 3 credits. 

80. Field Practicum in Music Education. Supervised field experiences in 
ppropriate settings. Required pass/fail. Prerequisites: EDU 110 and permission. 
-3 credits. 

27. Vocal Pedagogy. This course prepares the advanced voice student to teach 
rivate lessons at the secondary school level. Students are expected to develop 
Deal exercise procedures, become familiar with suitable teaching repertoire and 
pply teaching procedures in a laboratory situation. Selected writings in vocal 
dagogy and voice therapy will be studied. 2 credits. 

53. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. A comprehensive 
udy of general music teaching at the elementary school level, the philosophy of 
usic education, varied approaches for developing conceptual learning and music 
:ills, creative applications, and analysis of materials. 3 credits. 

Ill 



334. Methods and Materials, General Music: Junior High/Middle School. 

A study of materials and approaches appropriate for general music classes in the 
junior high/middle school, including adolescent voices, musically-oriented learn- 
ing experiences, and planning a general curriculum. 3 credits. 

335. Methods and Materials: Instrumental. A comprehensive study of 
methods and materials applicable to the teaching of band and orchestral instru- 
ments and instrumental groups from elementary through high school levels. 
Topics include: an overview of the historical and philosophical perspectives of 
music education, development of organizational skills and administrative re- 
sponsibilities and a review of the playing and teaching techniques of all instru- 
ments. 3 credits. 

336. Music Education Field Practicum. Students are placed in schools one 
hour per week where they are involved in a teaching/learning environment. 
1 credit. 

402. Seminar in Advanced Instrumental Problems. A lecture/discussion 
course highlighting the typical problems confronting the school instrumental 
music teacher. Topics include: marching band charting and show design techniques, 
instrument repair and maintenance, selection of beginners, rehearsal scheduling, 
budgeting, evaluation, literature selection, and organization of festivals, contests, 
trips, and public performances. Individual research projects and student pre- 
sentations. 2 credits. 

403. Pedagogy. Orchestral and Band Instruments. A survey of literature 
and teaching materials that relate to the student's performance area. Students 
may be expected to apply teaching procedures in a laboratory situation. 2 credits. 

404. Music Education Seminar, Secondary Level. A study of the high school 
vocal music curriculum and related course offerings. 2 credits. 

406. Piano Pedagogy. A practical course that explores fundamental principles 
necessary to be an effective piano teacher. Subjects include practice techniques, 
memorization and the selection of appropriate technical materials for both 
beginners and advanced students. Laboratory teaching may be required of the 
student. 2 credits. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. A course that acquaints 
students with the total church music program. Topics include the development of 
a choir program, methods and techniques of rehearsal, budget preparation, and 
committee and pastoral relationships. 2 credits. 



112 






441. Student Teaching. Music education majors spend a semester in the music 
department of a school district under the supervision of cooperating teachers. 
Prerequisites: (Da cumulative grade point average of 2.00 during the first six 
semesters in college; (2) successful completion of piano and voice juries; (3) 
completion of Music 333,334,335,336 including field experiences; (4) approval of 
the music faculty. Students are responsible for transportation; the college cannot 
insure that student teaching placement can be in a local geographical area. 

Instrumental Courses (Area III) 

Class instruction in Band and Orchestral Instruments. Practical courses in which 
students, in addition to being taught the fundamental principles underlying the 
playing of all band and orchestral instruments, learn to play on instruments of 
ach group: string, woodwind, brass, and percussion. Problems of class procedure 
in public schools are discussed; transposition of all instruments is taught. 
Ensemble playing is an integral part of these courses. Bibliographical materials 
are surveyed. 

i 

Brass Instruments (trumpet, horn, trombone, baritone, tuba) 

I 

L23. Brass I. A study of the trumpet and trombone. Emphasis on pedagogical 

techniques. 1 credit. 

L24. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the brass family (horn, baritone, tuba ). 
Emphasis on pedagogical techniques. Mixed brass ensemble experience. 1 credit. 

'ercussion Instruments (snare drum, timpani, bass drum, and others) 

27. Percussion I. A study of the snare drum. 1/2 credit. 

!28. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 1/2 credit. 

Voodwind Instruments (clarinet, flute, oboe, saxophone, bassoon) 

!31. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet. 1 credit. 

32. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the above instruments. 1 credit. 

•tring Instruments (violin, viola, cello, string bass) 

37. String I. A study of all the above instruments. 1 credit. 

38. String II. A continuation of the study of all the above instruments. 1 credit. 

113 



Music Organizations (Area IV) 

Opportunities for individual performance in a group experience are provided by 
music organizations. Membership in the organizations is open on an audition 
basis to all students. 

• 

411. Piano Ensemble. A course that acquaints students with problems related I 
to piano ensemble performance. Practical experience will be gained through study 
and performance of appropriate literature. 2 credits. 

480. Chamber Music. Under the guidance of an instructor, the student studies 
and performs chamber works appropriate to his or her performance medium. 
Prepared works may be presented in recital. 1-2 credits. 

601. Symphonic and Marching Band. The symphonic band performs original 
literature as well as arrangements of standard repertoire. During the football 
season it presents half-time performances. Membership is by audition and is 
dependent upon the instrumentation needs of the organization. All music 
education majors, regardless of performance medium, are required to be in 
marching band for a minimum of two semesters. 1 credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. A wide variety of symphonic literature is studied 
and performed. In the second semester the orchestra accompanies soloists in a 
concerto-aria concert and on occasion combines with choral organizations for the 
performance of a major work. 1 credit. 

604. Concert Choir. The Concert Choir is composed of approximately fifty 
voices, selected by audition. All phases of choral literature are studied intensively. 
In addition to local concerts, the choir tours annually. 1 credit. 

605. College Chorus. The College Chorus offers the opportunity to study and 
perform literature of various styles and composers including major choral works. 
Choral experience is preferred but not required. Required of all majors in the 
department. 1/2 credit. 

613. Clarinet Choir. 1/2 credit. 

614. Woodwind Quintet. 1/2 credit. 

615. Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 



114 



621. Flute Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

623. String Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

624. Woodwind Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

625. Low Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

626. Jazz Band. 1 credit. 

628. Small Jazz Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
630. Chamber Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
635. Handbell Choir. 1/2 credit. 

The History and Appreciation of Music Courses (Area V) 

100. History and Appreciation of Music. For the non-music major, a survey 
of Western music from ancient to modern times. The course is designed to increase 
the individual's musical perception. May not be taken if the student has completed 
MSC 341 and/or 342. 3 credits. 

120. American Music History. A historical survey of American music, empha- 
sizing stylistic developments and illustrative musical examples. The course 
emphasizes the Twentieth Century including jazz, pop, rock and American 
musical theatre. 3 credits. 

306. History and Literature of the Piano. A survey of the development of the 
piano and its literature with emphasis on piano methods books and related 
materials. 2 credits. 

321. Hymnology. A study of the historical development of hymns and hymn 
singing, as well as an in-depth analysis of the current hymnodical practices of the 
Christian churches. 2 credits. 

322. Sacred Choral Literature Seminar. A study of standard oratorios, re- 
quiems, cantatas and anthems with emphasis on the development of aesthetic 

I udgement in selecting literature for various liturgical settings. 2 credits. 



1326. Vocal Literature. A survey of solo vocal literature with emphasis on 
peaching repei'toire. Extensive listening is required. Students may have oppor- 
;unities to perform works studied. 2 credits. 



115 



341. History and Literature of Music I. A survey course in the history of 
Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustrative musical 
examples. Ends with Bach. May not be taken if student has completed MSC 100. 
3 credits. 

342. History and Literature of Music II. A survey course in the history of 
Western Music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustrative musical 
examples. Covers Handel to the present. May not be taken if student has 
completed MSC 100. 3 credits. 

351,352,354. Organ Seminar I,II,IV. Three semesters of study, preferably in 
sequence, based on the investigation of the following: 35 1-Organ Design and Tonal 
Evolution; 352-Organ History and Literature (A survey from early periods through 
contemporary times); 354-Church Service Playing. 2 credits per semester. 

421. Liturgy. A study of the music and its form as related to the historical 
development of the current practice of the service of the Christian churches. 2 
credits. 

462. Music Literature Seminar. A study of music literature to extend the 
student's familiarity with selected works. Application of accumulated knowledge 
of theory, music history, form, and twentieth-century music. Each student 
pursues an individual project of particular interest. 2 credits. 

Conducting (Area VI) 

246. Principles of Conducting. The principles of conducting and baton tech- 
nique. Students conduct ensembles derived from class personnel. 2 credits. 

345. Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical work with instrumental 
groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual experience. 2 credits. 

347. Choral Conducting. Basic conducting techniques applied to the choral 
idiom. Rehearsal procedures, materials and specific problems of the choral 
conductor are stressed through laboratory experience. 2 credits. 



Applied Music Instruction (Area VII) 

Private instruction in the principal performance medium, as required by the 
degree, is included in the base tuition charge for full-time students. Other private 
instruction elected by the student is subject to additional fees. 



116 



510. Class Piano Instruction. 1 credit. 

520. Class Voice Instruction. 1 credit. 

530. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestral and Band Instru- 
ments). 1 credit. 

540. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Organ, Orchestral and Band 
Instruments). A charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction except 
where required by the degree. 2 credits. 

550. Individual Instruction. Private lessons for B.M. majors. Private lessons 
in the principal performance medium, as required by the degree, are included in 
the tuition. 3 credits. 

600. Accompanying. Under the guidance of a piano instructor the piano major 
prepares accompaniments for recital performance. One credit per semester is 
given for one solo recital or two half recitals. A maximum of six credits, usually 
distributed over the last three years, may be earned. 

Sound Recording Technology Courses 

See page 136. 

Philosophy (PHL) 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 63. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in philosophy. 

Major: PHL 120,220,300; at least one course from PHL 301-336; 12 additional 
credits in philosophy (24 credits). 

Minor: PHL 220,300; at least one course from PHL 301-336; 9 additional credits 
in philosophy (18 credits). 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. Examination of major philosophical issues and 
the ways major philosophers have dealt with them. 3 credits. 



11" 



120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective thinking. 
Attention is given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the logic 
of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is upon deductive logic. Students are introduced 
to the elements of symbolic logic as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 3 
credits. 

220. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of values applied to human 
conduct, with an examination of the responses of major ethical theories to those 
problems. 3 credits. 

230. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues raised for philosophy by 
contemporary religious and theological thought. The course includes critical 
examinations of such problems as faith and reason; the meaning of revelation, 
symbolism, and language; the arguments for the existence of God; faith and 
history; religion and culture. 3 credits. 

240. American Philosophy. A survey of philosophical thought in the United 
States from the colonial period to the present, with emphasis on the work of Peirce, 
James, and Dewey. 3 credits. 

260. Ethical Issues in Organizations. An examination of ethics and values 
within the context of modern corporate organizations. The course considers issues 
pertinent to corporate responsibility, whistle-blowing, the profit motive, con- 
sumerism, bribery, conflict of interest, and cost/benefit analysis. Some attention 
is given to classical ethical theories; a considerable portion of the course is devoted 
to case analysis. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or PHL 110 or by permission. 3 credits. 

300. History of Philosophy. The development of philosophical thought from the 
pre-Socratics through the nineteenth century, with emphasis on philosophy as a 
discipline of systematic inquiry. 3 credits. 

301-335. Major Authors. Intensive studies of individual great philosophers or 
principal schools. Prerequisite: PHL 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examination of representative 
American, British, and Continental philosophers from 1900 to the present. 
Prerequisite: PHL 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

Physical Education (PED) 

The Physical Education department is described on page 58. 

The College does not offer a major or minor in Physical Education. 

118 



Courses in Physical Education 

102. Aerobic Exercises. A combination of exercise and dance steps in rhythmic 
movements. The course promotes the value of a total fitness program, including 
diet and weight control and heart rate monitoring. 1 credit. 

110. Basketball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and strategies of the 
game. 1 credit. 

113. Bowling. Instruction in the techniques, etiquette, history and method of 
scoring. 1 credit. 

122. Fitness. Examination of varied programs for fitness, with emphasis on diet 
and weight control, cardiovascular efficiency, strength improvement, and flexibility 
training. 1 credit. 

125. Golf. Instruction in the techniques, tactics, rules and etiquette of golf. 1 
credit. 

131. Racquetball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and different forms of 
competition used in racquetball. 1 credit. 

146. Tennis. Instruction in the techniques, rules and tactics, with extensive 
practice in singles and doubles. 1 credit. 

160. Beginning Swimming. Instruction in the fundamentals of swimming. 1 
credit. 

165. Intermediate Swimming. Advanced instruction in swimming. 1 credit. 

170. Skiing. Beginning, intermediate and advanced instruction at Blue Marsh 
Ski Area. 1 credit. 

180. Softball and Volleyball. Instruction in the techniques and tactics of 
softball and volleyball and varied forms of competition. 1 credit. 

One semester of Music 601, Symphonic and Marching Band (1 credit). Fall 
semester only, may be used to satisfy 1 credit of Physical Activity (Area 9) of the 
General education requirements. The two credit requirement of Area 9 may be 
satisfied by electing Music 601, Symphonic and Marching Band (1 credit). Fall 
semester only, in two different years. 



119 



Physics (PHY) 

The Physics Department is described on page 58. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in physics. 

Major: PHY 111, 112, 211, 311, 312, 321, 322, plus 6 additional semester hours 
(at least 2 in experimental physics); MAS 161, 162, 261 and 266 or MAS 111, 112, 
211 and 266. (43-46 credits) 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course that acquaints the student with some of 
the important concepts of physics, both classical and modern, and with the 
scientific method, its nature and its limitations. The role of physics in the history 
of thought and its relationships to other disciplines and to society and government 
are considered. The weekly two-hour laboratory period provides experience in the 
acquisition, representation, and analysis of experimental data, and demonstra- 
tion of the physical phenomena with which the course deals. 4 credits. 

103,104. General College Physics 1,11. An introduction to the fundamental 
concepts and laws of the various branches of physics, including mechanics, heat, 
sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear structure, with 
laboratory work in each area. 4 credits per semester. 

110. The Physics of Music. The study of wave motion, analysis and synthesis 
of waves, resonance, physical characteristics of music sounds, musical instru- 
ments, the reproduction and amplification of sound, and the acoustical properties 
of rooms. A working knowledge of algebra is required. 3 credits. 

111,112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introductory course in classical physics, 
designed for students who desire a rigorous mathematical approach to college 
physics. Calculus is used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics 
and heat, and the second semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with 
laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite or corequisite: MAS 111 or 161. 4 
credits per semester. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. An introduction to modern physics, includ- 
ing the foundation of atomic physics, quantum theory of radiation, the atomic 
nucleus, radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with laboratory work in each area. 
Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 credits. 



120 






212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of electrons and electronic 
devices, including diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, 
switching circuits, and integrated circuits, with laboratory work in each area. 
Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 4 credits. 

311,312. Analytical Mechanics 1,11. A rigorous study of classical mechanics, 
including the motion of a single particle, the motion of a system of particles, and 
the motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic motion, the central force 
problem, the Euler description of rigid body motion, and the Lagrange generali- 
zation of Newtonian mechanics are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 
111 and MAS 266. 3 credits per semester. 

321,322. Electricity and Magnetism 1,11. Theory of the basic phenomena of 
electromagnetism together with the application of fundamental principles of the 
solving of problems. The electric and magnetic properties of matter, direct current 
j circuits, alternating current circuits, the Maxwell field equations, and the 
i propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the topics treated. Prerequisites : 
PHY 112 and MAS 266. 3 credits per semester. 

1327,328. Experimental Physics 1,11. Experimental work selected from the area 
| of mechanics, AC and DC electrical measurements, optics, atomic physics, or 
| nuclear physics, with emphasis on experimental design, measuring techniques, 
and analysis of data. Prerequisite: PHY 211. 1 credit per semester. 

|350. Audio Electronics. A study of electronics as used in audio engineering. The 
course examines RC and LC circuits, filters, impedance, audio frequency amplifier 
circuits, and basic digital theory. Laboratory work is included. Prerequisite: PHY 
|212. 3 credits. 

421,422. Modern Physics 1,11. A study of selected topics in modern physics, 
utilizing the methods of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is solved 
for such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, the linear oscillator, and 
the hydrogen atom. Perturbation techniques and the operator formalism of 
quantum mechanics are introduced where appropriate. Prerequisites: PHY 211 
and MAS 266, or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. A course designed to 
acquaint the student with some of the special methods, programs, and problems 
! in the teaching of physics in secondary schools. Required for secondary certification 
in physics. 1 credit. 



121 



Political Science (PSC) 

The Political Science and Economics Department is described on page 59. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in political science. 

Major: PSC 111, 112, 210, 220, 230 and eight additional elective courses in 
Political Science (one of these elective courses may be from another social science 
with the approval of the student's major advisor) (39 credits). 

Minor: PSC 111, 112, 210, 220, 230, and one additional elective course in political 
science (18 credits). 

Courses in Political Science 

111. American National Government I. The nature of American democracy, 
constitutional foundations of American government, the federal system, civil 
rights and liberties, political behavior, political parties, and campaigns and 
elections. 3 credits. 

112. American National Government II. The structures and functions of 
American government (Presidency, Congress, courts, and bureaucracy), and the 
foreign and domestic policy making process. 3 credits. 

210. Comparative Government. A comparative study of important political 
systems of the world, including an introduction to the basic methodologies. PSC 
111 and 112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behavioral 
research emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in experi- 
ments and correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 
credits. {Cross-listed as Psychology 216.} 

220. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and theories of 
government, ancient and modern, but especially since the Sixteenth Century. 
Prerequisite: PSC 111 and 112. 3 credits. 

230. International Politics. The origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of the 
international political pattern, with emphasis on current developments and 
changing concepts in world politics. 3 credits. 

240. Public Administration. An examination of the structures through which 
governments try to carry out their policies. The course covers both the practical 

122 



matters of accountability and efficiency, and the analytical concerns of organiza- 
tional theory and bureaucratic culture. 3 credits. 

250. Public Policy Analysis. This course gives students an understanding of the 
public policy process and of policy analysis at the national level of government. The 
course includes theories of policy-making as well as an examination of such 
substantive policy areas as foreign, defense, subsidy, and redistributive policies. 
Prerequisites: PSC 111 and 112, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

310. Scope and Methods of Political Science. A course in the conduct and 
interpretation of research in political science. Topics include formulation of a 
research problem, research design, techniques of scaling and measurement, data 
collection and analysis, and writing the research report. Prerequisite: permis- 
sion; MAS 170, is strongly recommended. 3 credits. 

i 312. American Foreign Policy. A survey of the external relations of the 
I American government, emphasizing Twentieth Century developments. Subjects 
: include diplomacy, military affairs, geographic and regional problems, trade and 
; aid, technology and underdevelopment, alliances, nuclear problems, and opposing 
ideologies. PSC 111 and 112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

1315. American Constitutional Law I. The development of American consti- 
tutional law from 1776 to 1947. Topics include judicial review, national supremacy, 
private property, contracts, commerce powers, equal rights, and civil liberties. 3 
credits. 

1316. American Constitutional Law II. The development of American consti- 
tutional law from 1947 to the present. Emphasis is given to civil liberties, equal 
rights, and rights of the accused, with some treatment of presidential powers, the 

i commerce clause, and the contract clause. 3 credits. 

1 320. Electoral Politics. The dynamics of the electoral process, with emphasis on 
presidential and congressional elections and including the role of parties, public 
opinion, and interest groups. 3 credits. 

330. State and Local Government. This course covers the governmental insti- 
tutions and characteristics of state and local political systems and the major inter- 

r . governmental problems in state and local relations with the federal government. 

(3 credits. 

340. The Third World. A survey of the developing nations of Latin America, 
I A.sia, Africa, and the Middle East. The political economy of development, in both 
its domestic and international dimensions emphasized. Prerequisites: PSC 210 
and 230, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

123 



350. Select Problems. A course to give students a chance to explore in depth a 
topic of special interest. 3 credits. 

360. Modern Communism. A survey of the communist world, stressing the 
development of Marxist thought and its evolving application in the Soviet Union, 
China, and other communist states. Prerequisite: PSC 210 and 230, or permission 
of the instructor. 3 credits. 

415. Foundations of American Law. A historical survey of the Western legal 
tradition from classical times through the Eighteenth Century. The course 
examines conceptions of English common law and its relationship to the evolution 
of American law. Strongly recommended for pre-law students. Prerequisite: 
permission. 3 credits. 

420. Seminar in World Politics. A consideration of significant theories of 
international relations and their applicability to such selected contemporary 
issues as superpower relations, conflict resolution, arms control, and economic 
interdependence. Prerequisites: PSC 230, or permission of the instructor. 3 
credits. 

Pre-Law Program 

Although there is no Pre-Law major or department, a Pre-Law student is advised 
to take certain courses which will help prepare him or her for law school and a legal 
career. Each student should confer with the Pre-Law advisor in selecting a specific 
pattern of courses appropriate to that student's objectives. Generally recommended 
courses are as follows: ACT 161, MAS 371, 372, PSC 111, 112, 314, 316, and 415. 

Pre-Medical, Pre-Dentistry, Pre-Veterinary 

See Health Professions on page 94. 

Psychobiology (PBI) 

The major in psychobiology is offered jointly by the departments of Biology, 
described on page 37 and Psychology, described on page 61. 

This inter-disciplinary major emphasizes the physiological substrates and con- 
sequences of behavior. Consisting of a balance of psychology and biology course 
work, the program prepares students for graduate study in medicine, veterinary 
medicine, graduate programs in psychology, animal behavior, physiological psy- 



124 



chology, psychopharmacology, behavior genetics, and neuroscience, as well as 
research positions in industry, universities, hospitals, and government laboratories. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in psychobiology. 

Major: PSY200, 335, 444 plus two from the following: PSY 120, 216, 236, 431 ( 15 
credits); BIO 111, 112, 201, 322 (16 credits); PSY 491 or BIO 491, BIO 499, BIO 
500 or PSY 500 (8 credits); CHM 111, 112, 113, 114, MAS 161, CSC 170 (14 
credits); plus 8 additional credits in the sciences, in consultation with advisor. 
Recommended CHM 213, 214, 215, 216, PHY 103, 104 or 111, 112 (8 credits). 61 
total credits. 

Courses in Psychobiology 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological mechanisms under- 
lying behavior processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, 
sensation and perception, learning and memory, sleep, and motivation and 
emotion. The laboratory portion of the course includes sheep brain dissection, 
rodent stereotaxic neurosurgery, and behavioral observation. Prerequisite: PSY 
100 or 120 or permission; completion of a biology course is recommended. 3 credits. 
{Cross-listed as Psychology 444.} 

499. Psychobiology Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on selected 
topics in psychobiology. This course may be repeated. 1 credit. 

Psychology (PSY) 

The Psychology department is described on page 61. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in psychology. 

Major: PSY 100, 120, 200, 216, 236, 343, 443; and three additional courses from 
a single specialty area (30 credits). 

Minor: PSY 100, 120, 200, 216 and three elective courses in psychology (21 
credits). For an emphasis in clinical/counseling psychology two of the electives 
should be from 332, 343, 431, 432. For an emphasis in experimental/physiological 
psychology two of the electives should be from 235, 236, 335, 346, 443. 444. For an 
emphasis in organizational psychology two of the electives should be from 332. 
335, 337, 339, 346. For an emphasis in developmental psychology two of the 
electives should be from 321, 322, 326, 343. 



125 



Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. An introduction to psychology 
as a social science. The emphasis is on the interactions of the individual and 
society that influence development, learning, motivation, sexuality, and identity, 
as well as social and emotional adjustment. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Experimental Psychology. This introductory course 
focuses on psychology as a science. It emphasizes laboratory research, and 
includes topics relevant to science laboratory research, and includes topics 
relevant to science in general (eg. research design, experimental methods, data 
analysis and interpretation, and scientific ethics) and content topics of experimental 
psychology (eg. sensory and perceptual processes, learning and memory, psy- 
chological testing, and social behaviors). 3 credits. 

200. Advanced General Psychology. A survey course examining the rela- 
tionship between research and theory in the field of psychology. The course is 
intended to give the student an overview of all areas of specialization within 
psychology. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behavioral 
research emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in experi- 
ments and correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 
credits. (Cross-listed as Political Science 216.) 

220. Educational Psychology. Studies of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and 
social processes in the school; required for certification in elementary and music 
education. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

235. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. This course focuses on the structures 
and functions of sensory systems. It includes the study of the visual system as a 
model to delineate information processing strategy differences in the eye, the optic 
nerve, and the brain. The course will delineate sensory from perceptual processes. 
The perception of color, space, movement, objects, and patterns will be discussed 
from experimental, physiological, and philosophical perspectives. Prerequisite: 
PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

236. Learning and Memory. This course surveys psychological research on 
learning and memory. Topic areas covered will include classical and instrumental 
conditioning, verbal learning, problem solving, basic memory processes, and 
models of learning and memory. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 
3 credits. 



126 



237. Laboratory Investigations I: Research Investigations of Psychologi- 
cal Phenomena. This course involves hands-on empirical investigations in 
psychology. Students design and conduct individual research projects. Prerequi- 
site: permission. 1-3 credits. 

238. Laboratory Investigations II: Research Investigations of Psycho- 
logical Phenomena. This course involves hands-on empirical investigations in 
psychology. Students design and conduct individual research projects. Prerequisite: 

i permission. 1-3 credits. 



321. Psychology of Child Development. A study of the patterns of cognitive, 
social and emotional developmental changes occuring during childhood. Special 
attention is given to research studies, developmental mechanisms and theories of 
development. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

322. Psychology of Adolescent Development. A study of the psychological 
characteristics and changes occuring during adolescence. Topics include psycho- 
logical development, social influences, cognitive and intellectual development, 
emotional development, identity and self-concept, sexual development, values, 
and transition to adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

i326. Psychology of Adult Development. A study of research literature and 
jtheories concerned with psychological change in the adult, from late adolescence 
|to death. The course includes the works of such theorists as Maslow and Erikson. 
Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 

|332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. An introduction to the principles 
of psychological measurement, methods of test design and construction, and 
applications and interpretations of existing psychological tests. Prerequisite: PSY 
100 or 120. 3 credits. 

1335. Research Design and Statistics. A survey of experimental designs uti- 
lized in psychological investigations. Designs include factorial experiments, field 
(studies, correlative designs and multivariate techniques. The primary readings 
lare selected from current research in clinical, educational, organizational, and 
laboratory settings. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120, 216 or permission. 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. A study of psychological principles as applied 
| to problems of organizational behavior, with emphasis on personnel selection, 
[human engineering, group dynamics, systems design, training, leadership, and 
performance evaluation. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. 



127 



339. Career Counseling. The course surveys assessment of skills and compe- 
tencies, occupational research, decision-making, and job search strategies. Stu- 
dents are encouraged to apply the theories of career counseling to their own 
vocational decisions and goals. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120 or permission. 
3 credits. 

343. Personality. A study of the major theories of personality, with emphasis on 
psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, behaviorism, social learning, and trait 
theory. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 
credits. 

346. Social Psychology. A study of the inter- and intra-personal relationships 
between individuals and groups, with emphasis on theories and research studies. 
The topics covered may include attitude development and change, conformity, 
persuasion, person perception, attribution, attraction, and group processes. 
Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

348. Investigations of Social Psychological Processes. Laboratory exercises 
and demonstrations of social psychological phenomena, as well as independent 
and group research projects, are included. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or 120; PSY 216 
highly recommended. Corequisite: PSY 346. 1 credit. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. A study of mental, emotional and 
behavioral problems, including alcohol and drug abuse, brain disorders, criminal 
and psychopathic behavior, neuroses, psychophysiological reactions, psychoses, 
sexual deviations, subnormal intelligence, and suicide. Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 
120; junior or senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. A study of the ways psychologists 
assist persons and groups. Particular attention is given to assessment, individual 
and group therapy, marriage and family counseling, and community psychology. 
Prerequisites: PSY 100 or 120; PSY 431 or nursing training with psychiatric 
affiliation, or permission. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. A study of the history of psychology including 
philosophical concepts, early schools of psychology, important trends, and famous 
psychologists. Prerequisites: PSY 100,120, 236; junior or senior standing; or 
permission. 3 credits. 

444. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological mechanisms under- 
lying of behavioral processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, 
sensation and perception, learning and memory, sleep, and motivation and 
emotion. The laboratory portion of the course includes sheep brain dissection, 



128 



rodent stereotaxic neurosurgery, and behavioral observation. Prerequisite: PSY 
100 or 120 or permission; completion of a Biology course is recommended. 3 credits. 
{Cross-listed as Psychobiology 444.) 

Recording Technology 

See Sound Recording Technology on page 136. 

Religion (REL) 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 63. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in religion. 

Major: REL 110, 111, 112, 222, 331, 499; one from 202, 211, 212; three elective 
courses in religion including GRK 321,431 (30 credits). 

The following courses, though recommended, are not required for a major in 
religion: BIO 101; GRK 101, 102, 111, 112; PHL 110, 230; PSY 100; SOC 110, 230. 
Christian Education Concentration: REL 110, 111, 112, 120, 211, 202 or 212, 222, 
241, 242, 243, 331, 3 credits of 400 (36 credits). Other courses in areas such as 
communication, education, and the social sciences are strongly recommended in 
consultation with the program advisor. 

Minor: REL 110, 111 or 112, 120 or 140, 222, two elective courses in religion ( 18 
credits). 

Courses in Religion 

110. Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the many dimensions of religion 
as a central human experience through an examination of such topics as: varieties 
of religious experience and expression, religious knowledge, the self and meaning, 
religion in its sociocultural context, religion and the natural order, and such 
universal issues as death, the End, evil, suffering, and the moral order. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Religion. An examination of some of the basic 
themes of biblical religion in relation to their historical context and their contem- 
porary implications. 3 credits. 

112. Introduction to Christianity. A study of the rise and development of the 
major forms of Christianity (Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant' in 
Europe and America, including doctrine and theological expression, ethics, 
worship, church structure, and relationship to culture. 3 credits. 

129 



120. Religion in America. A study of the origin and development of religious 
expression in America, with particular attention to Protestantism, Roman 
Catholicism, and Judaism. 3 credits. 

140. World Religions. An examination of the rise and development of religion 
with a study of the ideas and cultic and ethical practices of the great world faiths. 
Special attention given to Asian religions. 3 credits. 

202. The Prophets. A study of the lives and writings of the Old Testament 
prophets and an analysis of their contributions to Hebrew-Christian religious 
thought. 3 credits. 

206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An examination of archaeology in 
biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and contributions to history, culture, and 
religion. 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive study of the life and message 
of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, writings, and theological 
thought of Paul and their relationship to the practices, problems, and beliefs of 
the early Church. 3 credits. 

222. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the implications of the Christian 
faith, both for personal moral decision and for social policy in such areas as 
marriage and family, government and political life, work and the economic order. 
3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected American 
denominations and sects and of the theological implications of secular folklore. 
Emphasis will be placed on field work as well as on analysis. 3 credits. 

241. Principles of Christian Education. A study of the overall structure and 
meaning of Christian education, including education as ministry, history of 
religious education, theoretical approaches, the impact of other disciplines 
(sociology, psychology, education), developmental theories, the role of Bible and 
theology, and contemporary concerns and expressions of Christian education. 
3 credits. 

242. Methods of Christian Education. A study of elements involved in the 
implementation of a program of Christian education in the local parish, including 
planning, evaluation, leader development, teaching and learning, resources, 
skills, and work in the age levels. 3 credits. 



130 



243. Selected Problems in Christian Education. A study of such important 
;hemes and issues in Christian education, as theology and education, conversion 
ind nurture, indoctrination and reflection, developmental models and theological 
cachings, content-centered or student-centered approach, and the role of the 
Drofessional. 3 credits. 

J31. Christian Tradition and Reform. A study of the major and continuing 
strains in the history of Christianity and the principal reform movements. 
Required of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students. 
) credits. 

$32. The Sacred in Modern Writing. Identification, analysis, and interpre- 
ation of issues of special theological importance raised by thinkers representing 
ion-theological disciplines. Prerequisite: REL 110 or permission. 3 credits. 

103. Classical Christian Thinkers. An intensive study of the thought of such 
:lassical religious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and others. 3 credits. 

199. Seminar: Selected Religious Problems. A study of selected problems 
irising from recent theological efforts. Research methodology is stressed. Re- 
paired of majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students; 
)thers by permission. Prerequisite: REL 111 and 112. 3 credits. 

Secondary Education (Teacher Certification) (SED) 

Hie Education Department is described on page 40. 

rhere is no separate major for those interested in secondary education. Interested 
itudents major in a subject area and also enroll for courses in the Education 
Department. 

degree: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree in the chosen major. 

Secondary Teacher Certification: Candidates must complete 21 credits in 
professional education courses and the approved program in the chosen major. 
^DU 110 should be taken in the sophomore year and SED 430 in the junior year. 
SED 280 should be taken at least twice prior to SED 440. SED 420 and 440 
omprise the student teaching semester of the senior or postgraduate year. 

'he minor in education is described on page 81. 



131 



Courses in Secondary Education 

280. Field Practicum in the Secondary School. Supervised field experience 
in appropriate school settings. Designed to offer practical experiences for prospec 
tive secondary teachers or students planning an educational ministry. Prerequi 
sites: permission. 1-3 credits. 

420. Human Growth and Development. A survey of human characteristics 
research in developmental psychology and their implications for teaching am 
learning. Prerequisite: EDU 110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. A study of the basic principles and procedure 
for secondary classroom management and instruction. Prerequisite: EDU 110. 
credits. 

431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. A study of curricular pattern 
for areas within the social studies. Students will prepare instructional objectives 
select and organize subject matter, investigate a variety of learning activities am 
strategies for developing inquiry skills, decision-making ability and values. l-\ 
credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Students spend an entire semester in an appropriat 
area school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Ope] 
to seniors only. Requirements are: (1) a grade point average of at least 2.00 in th 
major field; (2) completion of all courses required of the major for student teaching 

(3) completion of professional education courses required for student teaching 

(4) approval of the major advisor and of the director of secondary student teaching 
Prerequisites: EDU 110, 430. EDU 420 is normally taken concurrently 
3-12 credits. 

Social Work (SWK) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 64. 
Degree: Bachelor of Social Work. 

Major: SOC 110, 311; SWK 262, 272, 331, 341 or 342, 499; 9 credits of SWK 400 

4 additional courses in sociology or social work (42 credits). 

Minor: SOC 110, SWK 262, 272, 331, 341; 6 credits of SWK 400; one course froij 
SOC 210, 230, 261, 278, 324, 331, 333, 351, 362, 372, SWK272, 345, 499. Student! 
majoring in sociology shall elect SWK 499 and one course in sociology in additioi 
to their major requirements (24 credits). 

132 



Courses in Social Work 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare policies and institutions 
including the evolution of the welfare system in our society and its approach to 
social problems. Focuses upon controversies relevant to public welfare. Prerequi- 
site: SOC 110. 3 credits. 

272. Human Behavior in the Social Environment. An examination of the 
interrelation of biological, psychological and sociocultural systems and their 
effects on human development and behavior. A life span perspective is used to 
develop an understanding of the total person as he/she functions in relation to his/ 
her environment at each stage in the developmental process. The impact of 
diversity in ethnic background, race, class, sexual orientation and culture in a 
pluralistic society will also be addressed. Prerequisite: SOC 110. 3 credits. 

331. Social Work Theory. A consideration of the theories that underlie social 
work intervention, introducing the social systems perspective with emphasis on 
the social work profession's knowledge base, values and skills. Prerequisite: SWK 
262. 3 credits. 

341. Social Work Practice I. An examination of the knowledge, attitudes and 
skills required for social work practice with emphasis on social casework and 
group work dynamics. Prerequisite: SWK 331. 3 credits 

342. Social Work Practice II. An examination of the knowledge, attitudes, and 
skills required for social work practice with emphasis on modern organizations, 
administration, and communities issues. Prerequisite: SWK 331. 3 credits. 

345. Family Therapy. An introduction to family and small group intervention 
focusing upon the family as a system, group structure and dynamics, and theories 
and techniques of intervention. Prerequisite: SOC 230 and SWK 341 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. Detailed study of a selected social work area. Topics may vary. 
This course is conducted as a seminar requiring extensive student participation. 
Prerequisite: SWK 341 or 342. 3 credits. 

Sociology (SOC) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 64. 
Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in sociology. 



133 



Major: SOC 110, 311, 421, 499, 15 additional credits in sociology (27 credits). 

Minor: SOC 110, 311, 421; one course from SOC 210, 278, 324, or 331; one course 
from SOC 211, 230, 261, 322, 333, 340, 351, 362, 372, 382; one elective course in 
sociology (18 credits). 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A study of the basic sociological perspective 
including the nature of society, the influence of culture, the development of the 
self, and group dynamics. Specific topics include deviance and social control, the 
family and other institutions, racism, sexism and poverty. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Anthropology. Introduction to both physical and cultural 
anthropology including human evolution, human variation, and cross-cultural 
analysis, and comparison. 3 credits. 

210. Social Problems. Contemporary social problems as seen through different 
analytical perspectives. Problems covered include war and peace, pollution and 
environmental exploitation, crime and delinquency, and emotional and physical 
illness. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An analysis of the city as a unique form of social organization. 
From a multi-disciplinary perspective, the course presents the nature of urbaniza- 
tion and the impact of urbanism on contemporary society. Prerequisite: SOC 110, 
or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

230. Sociology of Marriage and the Family. An overview of marriage and the 
family focusing upon love, mate selection, alternative life styles, marital commu- 
nication, conflict resolution, parenting, divorce and widowhood. Utilizes a 
historical and cross-cultural perspective in addition to sociological analysis. 
Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, HON 202. 3 credits. 

261. The Aged and Aging. An investigation of the process of aging and 
contemporary issues related to the elderly. Topics covered include Alzheimer's 
disease, retirement, stereotypes of the elderly and contributions of the elderly to 
society. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. An examination of the causes and effects of 
juvenile delinquency, the juvenile justice system and treatment programs for the 
juvenile offender. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 



134 



311. Research Methods. A study of the basic concepts and skills involved in 
critically evaluating and carrying out social scientific research. Topics include 
values and ethics of research on human behavior, research design, interviewing 
and questionnaire construction. Prerequisite: SOC 110, junior standing or 
permission. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structure and functions of religious organiza- 
tions and phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious expression in 
America. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

324. Medical Sociology. An examination of the societal bases of health, illness 
and health care. The course will include an examination of the three components 
of medicine: the patient, the medical professional and the health care organiza- 
tion. Specific topics will include: the role of the patient; doctor-patient relation- 
ships; the socialization of medical professionals; the hospital as a complex 
organization, cross-cultural comparisons of health care and current topics of 
concern such as the AIDS epidemic, new technologies, and social response to the 
terminally ill patient. 3 credits. 

331. Criminology. An examination of the causes of crime. Special attention is 
given to violent crime, homicide, and rape. In addition, such property crimes as 
arson, robbery, burglary and shoplifting are covered. The question of whether or 
not such victimless crimes such as pornography, prostitution and drug use should 
be considered crimes is explored. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or HON 202. 
3 credits. 

333. Criminal Justice. A sociological, historical, and philosophical examination 
of punishment and the criminal justice system. Rights of the accused, victimology, 
prisons, and the death penalty are studied. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, 
or HON 202. 3 credits. 

340. Group Structure and Dynamics. An overview of the theory and research 
on small group organization and process including issues related to leadership, 
effective communication in groups, conformity and influence. Application of basic 
principles to practical situations. Exercises designed to improve group leadership 
and participation skills. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

351. Death and Dying. Exploration of the basic legal, medical, ethical and social 
issues related to contemporary understanding of death and dying. Examines the 
stages of dying, the grief process, euthanasia, suicide, the hospice movement and 
life after death. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140. or HON 202. 3 credits. 



135 






362. Social Inequality. An examination of the patterns of structured inequality 
in American society, including the class system and racial and ethnic groups. 
Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

372. Substance Abuse. An examination of the problems associated with sub- 
stance abuse including a study of the prevalent myths concerning substance 
abuse, an exploration of the causes of substance abuse and an exploration of how 
it affects the individual, the family and society as a whole. In addition, the course 
will examine current methods of intervention and treatment. Prerequisites: SOC 
110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

382. Sociology of the Mass Media. Seminar on how society shapes the mass 
media and the effects of the mass media on individuals and society. Topics include 
propaganda, television violence and aggression, and advertising. Special atten- 
tion is given to values and images portrayed by the mass media. Prerequisite: 6 
credits in sociology or permission. 3 credits. 

421. Social Theory. An intensive examination of the major sociological theorists 
and movements. Prerequisite: 12 credits in sociology. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in contemporary 
sociology. Topics may vary. This course is conducted as a seminar requiring 
extensive student participation. Prerequisite: SOC 421. 3 credits. 

Sound Recording Technology (RCT) 

The Music Department is described on page 54. 

Degree: Bachelor of Music with emphasis in sound recording technology. 

Major Requirements: 

Recording Technology 

RCT 277 Recording Technology I 3 

RCT 278 Recording Technology II 3 

RCT 377 Recording Technology III 3 

RCT 386 Recital Recording Program 1 

RCT 388 Audio Topics Practicum 3 

RCT 487 Advanced Audio Topics Practicum 3 

RCT 400 Internship 4 



136 



'hysics (also fills Area 6 requirement) 



'HY103 


General College Physics I 


4 


'HY104 


General College Physics II 


4 


'HY110 


Physics of Music 


3 


'HY212 


Electronics 


3 


'HY350 


Audio Electronics 


3 


lusic 






ISC 115 


Harmony I 


2 


ISC 116 


Harmony II 


2 


ISC 117 


Ear Training/Sight Singing I 


2 


ISC 118 


Ear Training/Sight Singing II 


2 


ISC 123 


Brass I 


1 


ISC 127 


Percussion I 


i 


ISC 215 


Harmony III 


2 


ISC 217 


Basic Concepts 


2 


ISC 226 


Form and Analysis I 


2 


ISC 228 


Percussion II 


i 


ISC 231 


Woodwinds I 


1 


ISC 246 


Principles of Conducting 


2 


ISC 337 


String I 


1 


ISC 345** 


Instrumental Conducting 


2 


ISC 347** 


Choral Conducting 


2 


ISC 416 


Orchestration 


2 


ISC 510 


Piano Class (3 semesters) 


3 


ISC 520 


Voice Class (2 semesters) 


2 


ISC 530 


Private Lesson (8 semesters) 


8 


ISC 605 


College Chorus (8 semesters) 


4 


ISC 6— 


Performing Ensembles (8 semesters) 


4 


lanagement 






CT 161 


Financial Accounting 


3 


IGT 330 


Principles of Management 






and Organization 


3 


omputer Science 






SC — 




3 


SC — 




3 


SC — 




3 


[athematics (also fills Area 3 requirement) 




IAS — 




3 



Students may choose either MSC 345 or MSC 347. 



137 



Courses in Sound Recording Technology 

277. Recording Technology I. An introduction to the fundamentals of sound 
recording technology. Topics include sound and listening, the basic audio chain, 
microphones, analog tape machines, basic mixers, and equipment interface. 
Mastery of the fundamentals will facilitate students to engineer simple and multi- 
microphone two-track stereo recordings. Prerequisite for non-majors: permission 
of the instructor. 3 credits. 

278. Recording Technology II. This course begins with multi-track consoles 
and tape machines, and continues study of multi-track techniques and mixdown, 
microphone placement, reverberation, equalization, compressors and expanders, 
noise reduction, and the decibel. Emphasis is on critical listening and practical 
applications. Students learn to engineer a multi-microphone, multi-track recordings 
and mixdown sessions. Prerequisite: RCT 277. 3 credits. 

377. Recording Technology III. This course examines advanced techniques of 
recording and mixing, special effects and digital effects processors, and analog 
tape machine theory and alignment. Also studied are digital technologies, and 
time code usage. Mastery of these topics will facilitate students to engineer multi- 
microphone multi-track productions. Prerequisite: RCT 278. 3 credits. 

386. Recital Recording Practicum. Students record a chamber music perfor- 
mance, applying researched techniques, and produce a recording comparable to 
commercial release standards. Prerequisite: RCT 377. 1 credit. 

388. Audio Topics Practicum. Students study topics of individual interest, 
ranging from research to production, technique, and maintenance. Prerequisite: 
RCT 377; non-majors require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. The student works in a local recording, broadcasting, or 
production facility, learning special techniques in a professional environment. 
Prerequisites : RCT 388 and RCT 487 ; non-majors require permission of instructor. 
4 credits. 

487. Advanced Audio Topics Practicum. Students study senior level topics 
of individual interest including advanced research, applications, and production. 
Prerequisite: RCT 377; non-majors require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 



138 



Spanish (SPA) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in Spanish. 

Major: 24 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level; FLG 250 (27 credits). 
For teaching certification, FLG 440 is required. 

Minor: 18 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced 
conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in Spanish 

101,102. Elementary Spanish 1,11. Introductory courses in Spanish. 3 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Spanish 1,11. A review of Spanish 
grammar, and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. 
Prerequisite: SPA 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Practice in the careful reading of 
literary texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living Spanish 
authors. Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer to 
current problems. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture and language, with 
emphasis on the culture as found in modern Spain and its reflection in America. 
Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken 
and written Spanish on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with 
emphasis on the use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business Spanish. An introduction to the language of business and 
business practices. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of the 
outstanding works of the period. Prerequisite: SPA 3 1 1 or 3 16 or permission. 3 credits. 



139 



420. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study of the major works of the 
period. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Spanish Literature and the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. 

Readings from the Enlightenment in Spain, and an examination of the major 
works of romanticism and realism. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 
3 credits. 

440. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the literary 
movements of the century, starting with the Generation '98 and modernism. 
Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Spanish-American Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of 
the important writers of the century, with emphasis on recent developments in 
the literature of Spanish-America. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 
3 credits. 

Teacher Certification 

See Elementary Education on page 81 or Secondary Education on page 131. 



140 



Graduate Academic Programs 

MBA Program 

The Lebanon Valley College MBA Program is an interdisciplinary program 
designed to prepare graduates for managerial responsibilities at various levels of 
business organizations. The program provides a strong theoretical foundation as 
well as operational expertise in the areas of finance, management, marketing, 
human resource management and production and service management. 

The MBA Program at Lebanon Valley College is a unique program that combines 
liberal arts/general education coursework with career preparation in the field of 
business administration. The interdisciplinary nature of the curriculum includes 
standard MBA level courses along with exposure to courses in Corporate and 
Executive Communications, Executive Leadership and Organizational Ethics. 

Every MBA candidate must complete 27 credits of core courses and 9 credits of 
electives. All courses in the undergraduate common body of knowledge also must 
be completed successfully. 

MBA Faculty 

Sharon F. Clark, Graduate Associate Professor of Business Law and Labor 
Relations. J.D., University of Richmond. Dr. Clark has several years experience 
in private law practice and several years as a Supervisory Tax Attorney with the 
Internal Revenue Service. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, Graduate Adjunct Assistant Professor of Marketing. 
M.B.A., Columbia University. Mr. Eshleman is a manager for New Product 
Development for Hershey Foods. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, Graduate Professor of Quantitative Studies. Ph.D., Wash- 
ington State University. Dr. Hearsey's specialty is actuarial science. 

Edward H. Krebs, Graduate Assistant Professor of Managerial Economics and 
Entrepreneurship. Ph.D., Michigan State University. Dr. Krebs previously 
served as an economic Assistant to the Secretary of Agriculture and as a private 
consultant. His interests are in environmental and resource economics. 

David I. Lasky, Graduate Professor of Organizational Behavior. Ph.D.. Temple 
University. Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are 



141 



the focus of his teaching interests. His current research is in the area of 
organizational change in the public sector and patients rights. 

Robert W. Leonard, Graduate Assistant Professor of Management. M.B.A., 
Ohio State University. Mr. Leonard's teaching specialties include finance, 
production and service management, organizational behavior and development, 
and labor and industrial relations. 

Leon E. Markowicz, Graduate Professor of Communications and Leadership 
Studies. Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. He serves local business as a 
communications consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of the Pennsylvania 
Writing Project and is active in the Lancaster-Lebanon Writing Council. 

Daniel B. McKinley, Graduate Assistant Professor of Leadership. M.A., Uni- 
versity of Maryland. M.A.L.S., Wesleyan University. Mr. McKinley maintains an 
interest in small group development and offers leadership laboratories for com- 
munication skills development. 

Gail Sanderson, Graduate Assistant Professor of Managerial Accounting. M.B.A, 
Boston University, CPA. Ms. Sanderson has professional experience in accounting 
(public and private sectors); income tax; computer systems analysis and design. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, Graduate Associate Professor of Organizational 
Ethics. M.A., University of Texas. His teaching specialties are philosophical 
ethics and business and organizational ethics. 

MBA Admissions 

All candidates must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or 
university. 

All candidates must submit a completed application form with the required 
application fee. They must take a GMAT examination and have the official test 
results sent to the Continuing Education Center. They must ask two supervisors 
at their place of employment to complete and forward confidentially to the 
Continuing Education Center evaluation and recommendation forms. Official 
transcripts of all undergraduate work and an v °raduate courses to be considered 
for transfer must be sent by the respective colleges or universities to the 
Continuing Education Center. 

All candidates are required to visit the campus for a personal interview prior to 
admission. 



142 



Graduate admissions are on a rolling basis; action will be taken quickly after all 
paperwork has been processed. Candidates must confirm their acceptance in 
writing within 30 days of the date of the admissions letter. 

MBA Academic Policies 

Academic Advising and Registration 

MBA students should meet with the MBA Academic Advisor as soon as possible 
after being accepted into the graduate program. The advisor will develop 
graduation plans with the student. All course registrations require the MBA 
advisor's signature. 

Veteran Registration 

The College meets all of the criteria of Veterans Education under the provisions 
of Title 38, United States Code, Section 1775. The MBA program has been 
approved for payment assistance. Veterans pay the cost of tuition, fees, books and 
supplies directly to the College. They are reimbursed by the Veterans Adminis- 
tration on a monthly basis. Applicants having any questions concerning their 
veteran's benefits should contact the College's veterans representative in the 
Registrar's Office. 

Graduation Requirements 

A. candidate for the MBA must complete a minimum of 36 credits, of which 30 must 
be earned at Lebanon Valley College. There are nine required core courses (27 
credits) and any three electives of the student's choice (9 credits) for a total of 36 
credits. A candidate must achieve at least a 3.00 cumulative average with only 
one C within the 36 graduate credits to be certified for graduation. 

Transfer Credit 

A. maximum of six credits may be transferred from another accredited graduate 
program with the approval of the Director of Continuing Education. No transfer 
credit shall be accepted if the grade earned at another institution was less than 

B. Students wishing to transfer credits may be asked to submit course outlines, 
textbook used, and any reading materials so proper credit may be given. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for the MBA degree may not take courses concurrently at any 
jther educational institution without prior consent of the MBA Academic Advisor 
ind the Registrar. 



143 



Grading 

Student achievement is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), 
C (minimum passing grade, but unsatisfactory work), F (course requirements not 
met). No MBA courses may be taken pass/fail. A cumulative grade point average 
of 3.00 (4.00 = A) with only one C within the 36 graduate credits is required for 
graduation. Graduate courses are not graded plus or minus. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I and W also are used. I indicates that 
student work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the student for 
substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor and the Registrar), but 
otherwise satisfactory. The work must be completed within the first eight weeks 
of the following semester including summer semesters or the I automatically 
becomes an F. W indicates withdrawal from a course. 

Review Procedure 

Every student's academic progress shall be reviewed at the end of each academic 
period by the MBA Academic Advisor. Any student whose average falls below 3 . 00 
or who earns a C or F in three or more credit hours may be placed on academic 
probation. A student on academic probation may be required to retake courses or 
correct other academic deficiencies. Students who fail to correct deficiencies may 
be dropped from the program. A student may appeal any decision of the Director 
of Continuing Education to the MBA Operations Committee. 

Course Withdrawal and Tuition Refund 

Any student who withdraws from courses for which he or she is registered must 
notify the Director of Continuing Education and the Registrar in writing. The 
effective date of withdrawal is the date on which the student notifies these offices. 
Failure to give notice of withdrawal will result in a grade of F. 

Tuition charges shall be refunded for withdrawals according to the following 
schedule: 

Fall & Spring Semesters 

During the first week of classes: 100% 

During the second week of classes: 80% 

During the third week of classes: 50% 

After the third week of classes: 0% 

Summer School 

During the first week of classes: 100% 

During the second week of classes: 50% 

After the second week of classes: 0% 
144 



Part-time and continuing education students should also consult the refund 
schedule published by the Continuing Education Office. 

A student who is absent from college because of sickness or any other reason and 
who retains his place in class pays in full during his or her absence. 

Time Restriction 

The maximum time for completion of the MBA program is seven years from the 
date of the admission letter. Students who have not earned the graduate degree 
during this period shall have their academic standing reviewed and may be asked 
to meet additional requirements in order to graduate. 

[Academic Dishonesty 

'Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. Academic 
dishonesty shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, failure in the course is mandatory and 
Ithe faculty member is required to inform the Director of Continuing Education in 
writing. A letter of warning shall be sent to the student by the Director of 
Continuing Education explaining the consequences and the right of appeal. 

For the second offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the MBA program 
nd College are mandatory and without appeal. 



Address Changes 

'Any change of address must be reported to the Continuing Education Center as 
soon as possible. A forwarding address should also be given to the Postal Sendee. 

Privacy of Student Records 

[n accordance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (P.L. 
39-380) Lebanon Valley College releases no student education records without 
written consent and request of the student or as prescribed by the law. Each 
tudent has access to their education records with exclusions only as specified by 
the law. 

Financial Aid 

Students may participate in the Stafford Loan Program, a low, simple-interest 
oan that is available from most lending institutions. The interest on the loan is 
subsidized by the federal government while attending college and payments do not 
become due until six months after graduation or enrollment as less than a half- 
:ime student. 

raduate students should contact the Financial Aid Office at 717- 867-6 IS 1 to 
iiscuss alternative financial aid programs. 

145 



Employee Tuition Reimbursement 

Students are encouraged to inquire about tuition remission programs at their 
places of employment. Most employers of current students provide education 
subsidies of 50-100% of tuition. Students must pay 50% of tuition costs plus 
comprehensive fee at the time of registration. 

Withdrawal from Program and College and Readmission 

To withdraw from Lebanon Valley College, an MBA student must complete an 
official withdrawal form obtained from the MBA Academic Advisor. To apply for 
readmission, an MBA student must have the written approval of the Director of 
Continuing Education. 

Graduate Degree Requirements 
and Course Descriptions 

Degree: MBA 

Requirements: 

Undergraduate Core (Common body of knowledge): ACT 151 or 161, ACT 
152 or 162; ECN 110, 120; MAS 111 or 150 or 160 or 161, 170 or 270; MGT 222, 
233 or CSC 170, 330, 340, 361, 460. 

Graduate Core: MAS 800, MGT 805, PSY 810, MGT 815, MGT 820, ENG 825, 
PHL 830, LSP 835, MGT 895 (27 credits) and three of the following MGT 850, MGT 
855, MGT 860, ECN 865, MGT 870, ACT 875, MGT 880, ECN 885 (9 credits). Total 
of 36 credits. 

MBA Courses 

MAS 800. Quantitative Analysis. A survey of management science. Topics 
include linear programming, transportation and assignment problems, decision 
and network analysis, stochastic processes, queueing, and simulation. Includes 
an introduction to appropriate computer software. 3 credits. 

MGT 805. Financial Policy. A quantitative approach to managerial problems 
of long term financing, asset management, dividend policy, and ethics in the firm 
and marketplace. Emphasis placed on the application of experience to class 
discussion based on the use of the Wall Street Journal. Required presentation of 
a current topic. 3 credits. 



146 



PSY 810. Organizational Behavior. Systematic presentation of theory and 
research in areas of organizational behavior; including motivation, group dynam- 
ics, leadership, decision-making, organization-change, career planning, and 
communication. 3 credits. 

MGT 815. Marketing Management. Seminar focusing on issues arising from 
the interplay between marketing and society. Examples include ethics of selling, 
advertising, marketing research and the social responsibility of marketers. 
Governmental intervention and regulations are analyzed. 3 credits. 

MGT 820. Production and Service Management. The production and service 
functions cast in the systems framework, recognizing relationships among various 
components of the organization. Specific problems in analysis planning, design and 
control of operations, processes, services, and human resources are examined. Models 
surveyed include process planning, product planning, scheduling and control. 3 credits. 

ENG 825. Executive Communications. Organizational communications skills, 
emphasizing writing and speaking techniques. Interpersonal communication. 
Information sharing at group and organizational levels. 3 credits. 

PHL 830. Corporate and Organizational Ethics. The ethical assumptions 
and implications of corporate and organizational policies and practices. Intensive 
readings in the literature of both theoretical and applied ethics. Case-study 
analyses. Topics include: corporate and organizational social and political 
responsibility, ethics and business, ethics and organizational life, governmental 
relations, and social auditing. 3 credits. 

LSP 835. Executive Leadership. Theories and concepts of leadership. Exami- 
nation of the forces in the leader-follower interaction. Analysis of the skills, 
behaviors, attitudes, and values of effective and ethical leaders and followers. 
Application of concepts, information, and experience to case studies. 3 credits. 

MGT 850. Human Resource Management. A survey of personnel management 
activities in organizations including exploration of recent developments in the 
field of human resource management. Topics include human resource planning, 
recruitment, selection, training, equal employment opportunity, performance 
appraisal, discipline, career planning, compensation, safety and health. Instruction 
method includes case study, readings and classroom lecture. 3 credits. 

MGT 855. Legal Environment of Business. Legal concepts and principles 
important to business decision making including employment law, labor-man- 
agement relations and relevant legislation, tax consequences of business trans- 
actions, government regulation, contract law and application of the Uniform 



147 



Commercial Code to business transactions. Case study, readings and classroom 
lecture. 3 credits. 

MGT 860. International Business Management. Theories, concepts, prac- 
tices and techniques of conducting business in foreign countries. The strategic 
issues, the operational practices, and the governmental relations of multi- 
national companies are analyzed through use of case study, lecture and speakers. 
Topics include: economic, political and cultural integration; trade restrictions 
and barriers; overseas investment and financing; entry into foreign markets and 
marketing strategies. 3 credits. 

ECN 865. Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, small 
business, and acquisitions. Special attention to sources of funding, and the role ol 
government in the development of new enterprises. 3 credits. 

MGT 870. Labor Management Relations. Labor Management Relations is 
directed primarily to the understanding of the issues and alternatives arising out 
of the work place. The course provides both an overview of what has been identified 
as industrial relations as well as familiarity with the tools used by its practi- 
tioners. Also it will review closely some of the more interesting and developing 
areas of the subject matter. Students will study negotiation, administration, 
wage/fringe issues and contents of labor agreements. 3 credits. 

ACT 875. Managerial Accounting. This course provides students previously 
exposed to basic financial and managerial accounting principles with an oppor- 
tunity to study the structure and use accounting systems designed to aid man- 
agement in controlling costs and profits. The course stresses the the following: 
financial statement analysis, sources and uses of funds analysis, tax implications 
on managerial decisions, responsibility accounting and the impact of inflation. 
3 credits. 

MGT 880. Investments and Portfolio Management. This course will ac- 
quaint the student with the tools essential for sound money management. 
Investment management begins by considering the goals of the investor with 
respect to risk exposure, tax environment, liquidity needs and appreciation versus 
income potentials. Strategies will be developed to satisfy these objectives. 
Mathematical models of portfolio selection to help reduce risk through diversifi- 
cation will be developed. Special attention will be paid to the theories of determinants 
of asset prices, including the capital-asset pricing model. 3 credits. 

ECN 885. Managerial Economics. This course focuses on economic planning 
and decision-making in the firm. The study of actual problems is provided by 
means of case analysis and independent study. 3 credits. 



148 



MGT 895. Business Policy. The strategic management of large business enti- 
ties, including the formulation and evaluation of missions, strategies, objectives 
and policies. Historical and current situations are discussed. Cases are used and 
outside research is required. Prerequisite: 24 hours of graduate credit. 3 credits. 



149 



DIRECTORY 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES - 
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Officers 

THOMAS C. REINHART Chairperson 

ELAINE G. HACKMAN Vice-Chairperson 

JOHN R. EBY Vice-Chairperson 

EDWARD H. ARNOLD Vice-Chairperson 

HARRY B. YOST Secretary 

DEBORAH R. FULLAM Treasurer 

HARLAN R. WENGERT Assistant Treasurer 

ALLAN W. MUND Chairperson Emeritus 

F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, JR. Chairperson Emeritus 

ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER Chairperson Emerita 



Trustees 

EDWARD H. ARNOLD, B.S., L.H.D.; President, Arnold Industries; Lebanon, PA 

(1993). 
KATHERINE J. BISHOP, B.A., M.B.A.; General Manager, Lebanon Chemical 

Corporation; Lebanon, PA (1991). 
RAYMOND H. CARR; President and Chairman of the Board, The Pickering 

Group; Lionville, PA (1991). 
JAMES J. DAVISON; Retired Business Executive; Freehold, NJ (1992). 
WESLEY T. DELLINGER, B.S.; Vice President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; 

Palmyra, PA (1991). 
JOHN R. EBY, B.S.; President and Chief Executive Officer, Commonwealth 

Communications Services, Inc.; Lancaster, PA (1992). 
RUFUS A. FULTON, B.A.; President, Fulton Financial Corp.; Lancaster, PA 

(1992). 
DARWIN G. GLICK, B.S.; Partner, Glick, Stanilla and Siegel; Lebanon, PA 

(1993). 
MARTIN L. GLUNTZ; B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; Vice President, Manufacturing and 

Distribution Services, Hershey International Ltd., Hershey Foods Corporation, 

Hershey, PA (1993). 



150 



ARTHUR L. GOLDBERG, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Goldberg, Katzman and 

Shipman; Harrisburg, PA (1992). 
ELAINE G. HACKMAN, B.A.; Retired Business Executive; Akron, PA (1991). 
CAROLYN R. HANES, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of Sociology and Social 

Work, Chairperson; Professor of Leadership Studies, Lebanon Valley College; 

Annville, PA (1991). 
SUSAN WOLFE HASSINGER, B.A., M.Div.; Conference Consultant, Eastern 

Pennsylvania Conference, United Methodist Church; Downingtown, PA ( 1991 ). 
BRYAN V. HEARSEY, B.A., M.A., Ph.D; Professor of Mathematics, Lebanon 

Valley College; Annville, PA ( 1991). 
LOIS G. JOHNSON, B.S., M.Ed.; Chairperson, Department of English, Delaware 

Technical and Community College; Glen Mills, PA (1992). 
GERALD D. KAUFFMAN, A.B., B.D., D.D., Retired Pastor, United Methodist 

Church; Carlisle, PA (1991). 
FELTON E. MAY, B.A., M.Div., D.D.; Resident Bishop of the Harrisburg Area, 

United Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA ( 1991 ). 
SUSAN M. MORRISON, B.A., M.Div.; Resident Bishop of the Philadelphia Area 

United Methodist Church, Valley Forge, PA (1991). 
JOHN D. NORTON, III, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of Political Science, Chair- 
person; Political Science and Economics Department, Lebanon Valley College; 

Annville, PA (1993). 
KENNETH H. PLUMMER; Retired President, E.D. Plummer Sons, Inc.; 

Chambersburg, PA ( 1993). 
THOMAS C.REINHART,B.S.; President, T.C.R. Packaging, Inc., Albee-Campbell, 

Inc., and People Seekers; Wyomissing, PA (1993). 
RIDGLEY P. SALTER, Student, Lebanon Valley College, Annville. PA (1991). 
DONALD R. SHOVER, JR., B.A., M.Div., D. Min.; District Superintendent. 

United Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA (1991). 
JOHN J. SHUMAKER, B.A., J.D., Member, Pennsylvania State Senate; 

Grantville, PA (1991). 
JOAN S. SOWERS, B.A., M.A.; Homemaker; Lebanon, PA (1991). 
MORTON SPECTOR; Vice President and Treasurer, D & H Distributing Co.; 

Harrisburg, PA (1992). 
E. PETER STRICKLER, B.S.; President, Strickler Insurance Agency. Inc.; 

Lebanon, PA (1992). 
JOHN A. SYNODINOS, B.S., M.S.; President, Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA. 
KATHRYNSEIVERLING TAYLOR, B.A.; Supervisor, Derry Township; Hershey. 

PA (1991). 
JOHN A. WALTER, B.S., J.D.; Judge, Lebanon County Court of Common Pleas; 

Mt. Gretna, PA (1992). 
ELIZABETH K. WEISBURGER, B.S., Ph.D., D. Sci.; Retired Chief of Carcinogen 

Metabolism and Toxicology Branch, National Cancer Institute; Bethesda. MD 

(1991). 



151 



HARLAN R. WENGERT, B.S., M.B.A., D.Sci.; Chairman, Wengert's Dairy; 

Lebanon, PA (1993). 
E.D. WILLIAMS, JR., L.H.D.; Private Investor; Lebanon, PA (1993). 
J. DENNIS WILLIAMS, B.A., M.Div., D.Min.; Pastor, District Superintendent, 

Anthracite District, United Methodist Church; Orwigsburg, PA (1991). 
SAMUEL A. WILLMAN, B.S., M.Com.; Vice President, Marketing, York 

Container Company; Red Lion, PA (1993). 
CHARLES W. WOLFE, B.A., M.Div.; Emeritus Vice President for University 

Relations, Bucknell University; Denver, PA (1992). 
HARRY B. YOST, Esq., LL.B., LL.M.; Attorney, Hassell, Yost and Sorrentino; 

Lancaster, PA (1991). 

Emeriti 

WILLIAM D. BOSWELL, Esq., Ph.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Boswell Synder Tintner & 

Piccola; Harrisburg, PA. 
WILLIAM D. BRYSON, LL.D.; Retired Executive, Walter W. Moyer Company; 

Ephrata, PA. 
CURVINN. DELLINGER, B.S.; President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; Lebanon, PA. 
DEWITT M. ESSICK, A.B., M.S.; Retired Manager of Education and Training, 

Armstrong World Industries; Lancaster, PA. 
EUGENE C. FISH, Esq., B.S., LL.B., J.D.; President, Peerless Industries, Inc.; 

Chairman of the Board, Eastern Foundry Company; Attorney, Romeika, Fish 

and Scheckter; Senior Partner, Tax Associates; Jenkintown, PA. 
THOMAS W. GUINIVAN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 

Church; Mechanicsburg, PA. 
PAUL E. HORN, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church; 

Harrisburg, PA. 
ALLAN W. MUND, LL.D.; Retired Chairman, Ellicott Machine Corporation; 

Towson, MD. 
HAROLD S.PEIFFER,A.B.,B.D.,S.T.M.,D.D.;RetiredPastor,UnitedMethodist 

Church; Lancaster, PA. 
JESSIE A. PRATT, B.S.; Retired Administrative Assistant, Legal Division, City 

of Philadelphia; Philadelphia, PA. 
EZRA H. RANCK, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church; 

Lancaster, PA. 
MELVIN S. RIFE; Retired Executive, St. Regis Paper Company; York, PA. 
F. ALLEN RUTHERFORD, Jr., B.S., LL.D.; Retired Principal, Arthur Young and 

Company; Richmond, VA. 
DANIEL L. SHEARER, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D.; Executive Assistant to the 

Bishop of the Harrisburg Area, United Methodist Church; Hummelstown, PA 



152 



Honorary 

JEFFERSON C. BARNHART, Esq., A.B., LL.B; Attorney, McNees, Wallace and 

Nurick; Hershey, PA. 
HORACE E. SMITH, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Smith and McCleary: York, PA. 
ANNE B. SWEIGART, B.S.; Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive 

Officer, Denver and Ephrata Telephone Company; Ephrata, PA. 
WOODROW W. WALTEMYER, Business Executive; York, PA. 

ADMINISTRATION 

President 

JOHN A. SYNODINOS, 1988-; B.S., Loyola College, 1959; M.S.Ed., Temple 
University, 1977. 
DIANE E. WENGER, 1989-; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1990-. 

General College Officers 

HOWARD L. APPLEGATE, 1983-; Secretary of the College, 1989-. B.A., Drew 

University, 1957; M.A., Syracuse University, 1960; Ph.D., 1966. 
RICHARD F. CHARLES, 1988-; Vice President for Advancement, 1988-.A.B.. 

Franklin and Marshall College, 1953. 
DEBORAH R. FULLAM, 1982-; Controller and Treasurer, 1990-. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1981; M.B.A., Philadelphia College of Textiles & Science, 1987. 
ROBERT E. HAMILTON, 1986-; Vice President for Administration, 1990-. A.B.. 

Messiah College, 1962; M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1966; D.Ed., The 

Pennsylvania State University, 1972. 
WILLIAM J. McGILL, Jr., 1986-; Vice President and Dean of the College. 1986-. 

A.B., Trinity College, 1957; M.A., Harvard University, 1958; Ph.D., 1961. 
GREGORY G. STANSON, 1966-; Dean of Enrollment Management Services. 

1980-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.Ed.. University of Toledo. 1966. 

Administrative Officers 

Academic and Student Affairs 

WILLIAM J. McGILL, Vice President and Dean of the College. 

KAREN D. BEST, 1990-; Registrar, 1990-. B.A.. Dickinson College. 1989. 
ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965-; Associate Academic Dean, 1990-. A.B.. Lebanon 
Valley College, 1959; M.A., Bowling Green State University, 1960: Ph.D.. 1964. 

153 



ELAINE D. FEATHER, 1989-; Director of Continuing Education, 1989-.B.S., 
State University of New York College at Cortland, 1965; M.S., State Univer- 
sity of New York College at Brockport, 1973. 
ELIZABETH A. CALVARIO, 1988-; Continuing Education Academic 
Advisor, 1988-. B.S., University of Southern Colorado, 1984; M.B.A., 
Shippensburg University, 1986. 
BARBARA JONES DENISON, 1987-; Director of Continuing Education 
Support Services, Continuing Education Academic Advisor, 1989-. 
B.A.,Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.A., University of York, 1981; 
Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1985. 
DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983-; Director, Youth Scholars Institute, 1985-. 
B.A., University of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., State University of 
New York at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 
SUZANNE CALDWELL RIEHL, 1982-; Director of Special Music Pro- 
grams, 1989-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.M., Westminster 
Choir College, 1982. 
WILLIAM E. HOUGH, III, 1970-; Librarian, Associate Professor, 1970-. A.B., 
King's College, 1955; Th.M., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1959; M.S.L.S., 
Columbia University, 1965; B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1987. 
ALICE S. DIEHL, 1966-; Technical Processes Librarian, 1966-. A.B., 
Smith College, 1956; B.S., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1957; 
M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh, 1966. 
DONNA L. MILLER, 1986-; Readers' Services Librarian, 1986-. B.S., 
Millersville University, 1984; M.L.S., Drexel University, 1986. 
LEON E. MARKOWICZ, 1971-; Director of Academic Support Programs, 
1990-; A.B., Duquesne University, 1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 
1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

DANIEL B. McKINLEY, 1988-; Director of Leadership and Student Develop- 
ment Programs, 1990-. B.S., United States Coast Guard Academy, 1968; 
M.A.L.S.,Wesleyan University, 1973; M.A., University of Maryland, 1982. 
DAVID C. EVANS, 1981-; Director of Career Planning and Placement, 
1981-.B.A., Slippery Rock University, 1969; M.Ed., Rutgers 
University, 1970. 
JOHN J. UHL, 1980-; Director of Media Services, 1980-. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1979. 
VIRGINIA L. SOLOMON, 1987-; Assistant Director of Media Services, 
1987-. A.A., Pennsylvania State University-New Kensington, 1976; 
B.S., Slippery Rock University, 1979; M.A.Ed., Western Carolina 
University, 1986. 
ROSEMARY YUHAS, 1973-; Associate Dean for Students, 1983-. B.S., Lock 
Haven University, 1966; M.Ed., West Chester University, 1970. 
DAVID A. CALVARIO, 1987-; Director of Student Life, 1990-. B.S., 
Shippensburg University, 1982; M.S., 1986. 



154 



LAURA L. ETZWEILER, 1990-; Residence Hall Director, 1990-. B.S., 

Delaware Valley College, 1989. 
DONALD FRIDAY, 1990-; Residence Hall Director, 1990-. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1990. 
JOHN T. HOWER, 1988-; Counselling Psychologist, 1988-. B.A., Wheaton 
College, 1970; M.A., Rosemead School of Psychology , 1974; Ph.D., 1977. 
JULIANA Z. WOLFE, 1975-1978; 1979-; Director of Health Center and Head 
Nurse, 1979-. R.N., Diploma, St. Joseph's Hospital, 1963. 
ROBERT F. EARLY, 1971-; College Physician, 1971-. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1949; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1952. 
RUSSELL L. GINGRICH, 1971-; College Physician, 1971-. B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1947; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1951. 
ROBERT M. KLINE, 1970-; College Physician, 1970-. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1950; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1955; B.A., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1971. 
VERONICA FABIAN, 1984-; Staff Nurse, 1984-. R.N., Diploma, Spencer 

Hospital, 1961. 
JEAN W. ZELEK, 1983-; Staff Nurse, 1983-. R.N., Diploma, St. Anthony's 
Hospital, 1952. 

Religious Affairs 

JOHN ABERNATHY SMITH, 1980-; College Chaplain and Church Relations 
Officer, 1980-. B.A., Vanderbilt University, 1961; M.Div., Drew University, 
1965; M.A., Johns Hopkins University, 1967; Ph.D., 1971. 
THOMAS H. SMITH, 1988-; Adjunct Catholic Chaplain, 1988-. B.A.. 
Saint Charles Seminary, 1953. 

Admission and Financial Aid 

GREGORY G. STANSON, Dean of Enrollment Management Services. 
RUTH E. ANDERSEN, 1986-; Assistant Director of Financial Aid and 

Assistant Director of Admission, 1988-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1986. 
SUSAN K. BORELLI, 1990-; Admission Counselor, 1990-. B.A., Albright 

College, 1989. 
MARK A. BREZITSKI, 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1989-. B.A.. 

Shippensburg University, 1985. 
WILLIAM J. BROWN, Jr., 1980-; Director of Financial Aid. 1986-; Associate 

Dean of Admission, 1984-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.B.A., 

Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science, 1988. 



155 



TIMOTHY M. EBERSOLE, 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1990-. B.S., 

Shippensburg University, 1983. 
RONALD K. GOOD, 1983-; Assistant Dean of Admission, 1983-. B.S. in Ed., 

Millersville University, 1959; M.Ed., 1966. 
BARBARA A. LEER, 1988-; Assistant Director of Admission, 1990-. B.A., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1987. 
JAMES P. MONOS, Jr., 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1986-. B.S., 

Shippensburg University, 1972; M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 1978. 

Advancement 

RICHARD F. CHARLES, Vice President for Advancement. 

ELLEN H. ARNOLD, 1988-; Director of Annual Giving, 1988-. B.A., 

Bucknell University, 1964. 
C. PAUL BRUBAKER, Jr., 1989-; Director of Planned Giving, 1989-. B.S., 
Franklin and Marshall College, 1952; M.B.A., Wharton Graduate School, 
University of Pennsylvania, 1955. 
MATTHEW A. HUGG, 1987-; Director of Corporate and Foundation Rela- 
tions, 1990-. B.S., Juniata College, 1983. 
INGEBORG M. SNOKE, 1987-; Records and Research Assistant, 1989-; 

B.A., Marwritski Institute, Germany, 1948. 
MONICA E. KREISER, 1988-; Director of Alumni Programs, 1990-. B.A., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1988. 
JUDITH PEHRSON, 1989-; Director of College Relations, 1989-. B.A., 
University of Michigan, 1968; M.A., 1972. 
JOHN B. DEAMER, Jr., 1986-; Associate Director of College Relations 
and Director of Sports Information, 1990-. B.A., LaSalle University, 
1985. 
DAWN T. THREN, 1987-; Director of Publications, 1989-. B.A, 
Bloomsburg University, 1986. 

Financial Affairs 

DEBORAH R. FULLAM, Controller and Treasurer. 

MICHAEL J. GALLAGHER, 1990-; Assistant Controller, 1990-. B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1983. 
DANA LESHER, 1990-; Assistant, Business Services, 1990-. 

Computer Services 

ROBERT A. RILEY, 1976-1978, 1988-; Director of Computer Services, 1988-. 
B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1976. 



156 



ROBERT J. DILLANE, 1985-; Administrative Coordinator, Computer 

Services, 1986-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1977. 
STEPHEN SHOOP, 1977-; Technical Coordinator, Computer Services, 

1986-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1974. 
CURT S. TOMLINSON, 1990-; Computer Systems Implementation 

Specialist, 1990-. B.S., Millersville University, 1982. 
MICHAEL C. ZEIGLER, 1990-; Coordinator of User Services, 1990-. 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1979. 



Administrative Affairs 

ROBERT E. HAMILTON, Vice President for Administration. 

ROBERT E. HARNISH, 1967-; Manager of the College Store, 1967-. B.A., 

Randolph Macon College, 1966. 
GEORGE F. LOVELL, Jr., 1988-; Superintendent of Buildings & Grounds, 
1988-. 
HAROLD L. FESSLER, 1984-; Director of Maintenance, 1984-. 
MARGARET A. LAHR, 1988-; Director of Housekeeping, 1988-. 
KEVIN R. YEISER, 1982-; Director of Grounds, 1982-. 
RUSSELL J. OWENS, 1988-; Director of E. H. Arnold Sports Center, 1988-. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1960. 
WALTER L. SMITH, 1961-1969; 1971-; Director of Telephone Services, 1990-. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University. 1967. 
LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, 1971-; Director of Athletics, 1981-. B.A.. Lebanon 

Valley College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 
KATHLEEN TIERNEY, 1983-; Assistant Director of Athletics, Director of Sum- 
mer Sports Camps, 1988-. B.S., State University of New York at Brockport. 
1979. 
ALLEN R. YINGST, 1989-; Director of Security, 1990-. 

Athletics 

LOUIS A. SORRENTINO, Director of Athletics, 1971-; Assistant Mens 
Basketball Coach, 1986-; Golf Coach, 1989-. 
TIMOTHY M. EBERSOLE, 1986-; Baseball Coach, 1990-. 
PATRICK J. FLANNERY, 1989-; Men's Basketball Coach; Assistant Baseball 

Coach, 1989-. B.A., Bucknell University, 1980, M.S., 1983. 
LAWRENCE M. LARTHEY, 1988-; Wrestling Coach, 1988-. B.S.. Lebanon 

Valley College, 1972. 
JAMES P. MONOS, Jr., 1986-; Football Coach. 1986-. 

KATHLEEN M. NELSON, 1990-; Women's Basketball Coach. Women's Soft - 
ball Coach, 1990-. B.S., Edinboro University. 1979; M.A.. Central Michigan 
University, 1987. 

157 



RUSSELL J. OWENS, 1988-; Men's and Women's Swimming Coach, 1989-. 

WAYNE PERRY, 1987-; Women's Volleyball Coach, 1988-. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1978. 

O. KENT REED, 197 1-; Men's Track and Field Coach, Men's and Women's 
Cross Country Coach, 1971-. B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., Eastern 
Kentucky University, 1970. 

HARRY A. SHIRK, Jr., 1987-; Soccer Coach, 1987-. 

JAMES E. STARK, 1986-; Athletic Trainer, 1986-. B.S., Lock Haven Univer- 
sity, 1983; M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1986. 

KATHLEEN M. TIERNEY, 1983-; Assistant Director of Athletics, 1988-; 
Field Hockey Coach, 1983-. 

THE CHRISTIAN R. AND MARY F. LINDBACK 
DISTINGUISHED TEACHING AWARDS 

The Lindback Awards for distinguished teaching are supported by grants from the 
Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Foundation. The Lindback Award recipients, 
who must be full-time members of the Lebanon Valley College faculty, are selected 
by the President of the College after appropriate consultation with alumni, 
students, faculty and staff. 

Previous Awardees: 

1985 Leon E. Markowicz, Ph.D., Professor of English 

1986 Carolyn R. Hanes, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology and Social Work 
and Leadership Studies 

1987 Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Religion 

1987 MarkA. Townsend, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences 

1988 William H. Fairlamb, Mus.B., Professor of Music 

1989 Paul L. Wolf, Ph.D., Professor of Biology 

1990 Owen A. Moe, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry 



158 



THE NEVELYN J. KNISLEY AWARD 
FOR INSPIRATIONAL TEACHING 

In 1988, Lebanon Valley College created an award for part-time and adjunct 
members of the College faculty similar to the philosophy of the Lindback Award. 
The first awardee was Nevelyn J. Knisley. After the presentation of the first 
award, the President of the College named this series of awards for Mrs. Knisley 
in recognition for her twenty-four years of inspired teaching in music. 

Previous Awardees: 

1988 Nevelyn J. Knisley, M.F.A., Adjunct Associate Professor of Music 

1989 Carolyn B. Scott, B.A., Lecturer in French 

1990 Michael J. Asken, Ph.D., Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology 

SEARS-ROEBUCK FOUNDATION TEACHING 
EXCELLENCE AND CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 

In 1989, the Sears-Roebuck Foundation created an award to recognize teaching 
excellence and campus service. The recipient, who must be a full-time member of 
the Lebanon Valley College faculty, is selected by a special committee. 

Previous Awardee: 

1990 Diane M. Iglesias, Ph.D., Professor of Spanish 

FACULTY 

Active 

SHARON DARMOFALL ARNOLD, 1986-; Associate Professor of Sociology. B.A.. 

University of Akron, 1964; M.A., 1967. 
SUSAN ATKINSON, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Education. B.S.. Shippensburg 

University, 1972; M.Ed., (Elementary Education) 1973; M.Ed.. (Special 

Education) 1979; D.Ed., Temple University, 1987. 
PHILIP A. BILLINGS, 1970-; Professor of English. B.A., Heidelberg College, 

1965; M.A., Michigan State University, 1967; Ph.D.. 1974. 
MARIE BONGIOVANNI, Visiting Assistant Professor of English. B.A.. Temple 

University, 1977; M.B.A., Drexel University, 1982. 

159 



DONALD C. BOONE, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. B.A, 

Michigan State University, 1964; M.B A., 1966. 
JAMES H. BROUSSARD, 1983-; Professor of History, Chairperson of the 

Department of History and American Studies. A.B., Harvard University, 1963; 

M.A., Duke University, 1965; Ph.D., 1968. 
DONALD EUGENE BROWN, 1983-; Professor of Political Science. B.S., 

Western Illinois University, 1969; M.A., State University of New York at 

Binghamton, 1973; Ph.D., 1982. 
DONALD E. BYRNE, JR., 1971-; Professor of Religion; Director of the American 

Studies Program. B. A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963; M.A., Marquette University, 

1966; Ph.D., Duke University, 1972. 
VOORHIS C. CANTRELL, 1968-; Professor of Religion and Greek. B.A, 

Oklahoma City University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist University, 1956; 

Ph.D., Boston University, 1967. 
SHARON F. CLARK, 1986-; Associate Professor of Management; Chairperson of the 

Department of Management. B. A., University of Richmond, 1969; J. D., 1971. 
RICHARD D. CORNELIUS, 1985-; Professor of Chemistry; Chairperson of 

the Department of Chemistry. B.A., Carleton College, 1969; Ph.D., University 

of Iowa, 1974. 
SALVATORE CULLARI, 1986-; Associate Professor of Psychology . B.A., Kean 

College, 1974; M.A., Western Michigan University, 1976; Ph.D., 1981. 
GEORGE D. CURFMAN, 1961-; Professor of Music, B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 

1953; M.M., University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State 

University, 1971. 
DONALD B. DAHLBERG, 1980-; Associate Professor of Chemistry. B.S., 

University of Washington, 1967; M.S., Cornell University, 1969; Ph.D., 1971. 
MICHAEL A. DAY, 1987-; Associate Professor of Physics. B.S., University of 

Idaho, 1969; M.A., 1975, Ph.D., 1977, University of Nebraska (Philosophy). 

M.S., 1978, Ph.D., 1983, University of Nebraska (Physics). 
PHYLIS DRYDEN, 1987-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Atlantic Union 

College, 1976; M.A., State University of New York at Albany, 1985; Ph.D., 1988. 
SCOTT H. EGGERT, 1983-; Associate Professor of Music. B.F.A, University 

of Wisconsin (Milwaukee), 1971; M.A., University of Chicago, 1974; D.M.A., 

University of Kansas, 1982. 
SUSAN L. EGNER, 1988-; Instructor in Spanish. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 

1982; M.A., Middlebury College, 1987. 
DALE J. ERSKINE, 1983-; Associate Professor of Biology. Director of the Youth 

Scholars Institute. B.A., University of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., State 

University of New York at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 
ARTHUR L. FORD, 1965-; Professor of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 

1959; M.A., Bowling Green State University, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 
MICHAEL D. FRY, 1983-; Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., 

Immaculate Heart College, 1975; Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1980. 



160 



CHAEL A. GRELLA, 1980-; Professor of Education; Chairperson of the 

Department of Education. B.A., St. Mary's Seminary and University, 1958; 

M.A., West Virginia University, 1970; Ed.D., 1974. 

lRY GRIEVE-CARLSON, 1990-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Bates 

College, 1977; M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1980; 

Ph.D., Boston University, 1988. 

,EMENT M. HAMBOURG, 1982-; Associate Professor of Music. A.T.C.M., 

Royal Conservatory of Music, 1946; L.R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music, 1962; 

\.R.C.M., Royal College of Music, 1962; L.T.C.L., Trinity College of Music 

London), 1965; Fellow, 1966; D.M.A., University of Oregon, 1977. 

HOLYN R. HANES, 1977-; Professor of Sociology and Social Work and 

Leadership Studies, Chairperson of the Department of Sociology and Social 

Work. B.A., Central Michigan University, 1969; M.A., University of New 

Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 

YAN V. HEARSEY, 1971-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., Western 

Washington State College, 1964; M.A., Washington State University, 1966; 

Ph.D., 1968. 

>BERT H. HEARSON, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Music. B. Music, 

University of Iowa, 1964; M.A., 1965; Ed.D., University of Illinois, 1983. 

HN H. HEFFNER, 1972-; Professor of Philosophy; Chairperson of the 

Department of Religion and Philosophy. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; 

B.A., 1987; A.M., Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 1976. 

ANNE C. HEY, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Economics. B.A., Bucknell 

University, 1954; M.B.A., Lehigh University, 1982; Ph.D., 1990. 

[NE R. HIGGINBOTTOM, 1990-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Syracuse 

University, 1970; M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1983. 

JIRY L. HURST, 1982-; Assistant Professor of Physics; Chairperson of the 

Department of Physics. B.S., Juniata College, 1972; Ph.D., University of 

Delaware, 1982. 

ANE M. IGLESIAS, 1976-; Professor of Spanish; Chairperson of the 

Department of Foreign Languages. B.A., Queens College, 1971; M.A., 1974; 

Ph.D., City University of New York, 1979. 

3HARD A. ISKOWITZ, 1969-; Associate Professor of Art; Chairperson of the 

Department of Art. B.F.A., Kent State University, 1965; M.F.A., 1967. 

2HARD A. JOYCE, 1966-; Associate Professor of History. A.B., Yale 

University, 1952; M.A., San Francisco State College, 1963. 

HN P. KEARNEY, 197 1-; Professor of English; Chairperson of the Department 

rf English. B.A., St. Benedict's College, 1962; MA., University of Michigan. 

1963; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1968. 

WARD H. KREBS, 1976-80; 1989-; Assistant Professor of Economics. B.S.. 

rhe Pennsylvania State University, 1965; M.S., University of Massachusetts, 

1967; Ph.D. Michigan State University, 1970. 

iVID I. LASKY, 1974-; Professor of Psychology ; Chairperson of the Department 

Df Psychology. A.B., Temple University, 1956; M.A., 1958; Ph.D.. 1961. 

161 



ROBERT W. LEONARD, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Management. B.A., Ohio 

University, 1977; M.A., St. Francis School of Industrial Relations, 1978, 

M.B.A., The Ohio State University, 1986. 
THOMAS JYH-CHENG LIU, 1990-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical 

Sciences. B.S., Tatung Institute of Technology, 1979; M.S. in Chemical Engineering, 

University of Illinois at Chicago, 1983; M.S. in Mathematics, 1985; Ph.D., 1988. 
LEON E. MARKOWICZ, 1971-; Professor of Leadership Studies. A.B., Duquesne 

University, 1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 
JOERG W. P. MAYER, 1970-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Dipl. Math., 

University of Giessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. 
MARK L. MECHAM, 1990-; Associate Professor of Music; Chairperson of the 

Department of Music. B.M., University of Utah, 1976; M.M., 1978; D.M.A., 

University of Illinois, 1985. 
OWEN A. MOE,JR., 1973-; Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. Olafs College, 1966; 

Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. 
PHILIP G. MORGAN, 1969-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.E., Kansas State 

College, 1962; M.S., 1965. 
JOHN D. NORTON, 1971-; Professor of Political Science; Chairperson of the 

Department of Political Science and Economics. B.A., University of Illinois, 

1965; M.A., Florida State University, 1967; Ph.D., American University, 1973. 
JAN PEDERSEN, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.A., State 

University of New York at Stony Brook, 1978; Ph.D., 1985. 
SIDNEY POLLACK, 1976-; Professor of Biology. B.A., New York University, 

1963; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1970. 
BARNEY T. RAFFIELD, III, 1990-; Associate Professor of Management. B.B.A., 

Southern Methodist University, 1968; M.B.A., 1971; Ph.D., Union Graduate 

School, 1982. 
SHARON HALL RAFFIELD, 1990-; Associate Professor of Sociology and Social 

Work. A.B., Wheaton College, 1963; M.S.W., Washington University, 1967. 
O. KENT REED, 1971-; Associate Professor of Physical Education; Chairperson 

of the Department of Physical Education. B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., 

Eastern Kentucky University, 1970. 
C. ROBERT ROSE, 1981-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed., Southern 

Illinois University, 1964; M.M., 1966; D.M., Indiana University, 1978. 
GAIL SANDERSON, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.A., Hobart 

and William Smith Colleges, 1970; M.B.A., Boston University, 1977. 
JAMES W. SCOTT, 1976-; Professor of German. B.A., Juniata College, 1965; 

Ph.D., Princeton University, 1971. 
STEPHEN R. SEXSMITH, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. A.B.,Kenyon 

College, 1980; Ph.D., State University of New York, 1988. 
STEVEN M. SPECHT, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.S., State 

University of New York at Oswego, 1982; M.A., State University of New York 

at Binghamton, 1987; Ph.D., 1988. 



162 



JOELLE L. STOPKIE, 1989-; Assistant Professor of French. Licence, Sorbonne, 

1960; M.A., New York University, 1963; Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College, 1979. 
DALE E. SUMMERS, 1990-; Assistant Professor of Education; Director of 

Elementary and Secondary School Relations. B.S., Ball State University, 

1971; M.A., 1973; Ed.D., 1978. 
DENNIS W. SWEIGART, 1972-; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 1965; D.M.A., University 

of Iowa, 1977. 
WARREN K. A., THOMPSON, 1967-; Associate Professor of Philosophy. A.B., 

Trinity University, 1957; M.A., University of Texas, 1963. 
HORACE W. TOUSLEY, 1981-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences; 

Chairperson of the Department of Mathematical Sciences. A.B., Ripon 

College, 1951; M.S. I.E. (OR), University of Alabama, 1970. 
MARK A. TOWNSEND, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. 

B.S., Bethany Nazarene College, 1965; M.A., Oklahoma University, 1969; 

Ed.D., Oklahoma State University, 1983. 
PERRY J. TROUTMAN, I960-; Professor of Religion. B.A., Houghton College, 1949; 

M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1952; Ph.D., Boston University, 1964. 
SUSAN E. VERHOEK, 1974-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Ohio Wesleyan Univer- 
sity, 1964; M.A., Indiana University, 1966; Ph.D., Cornell University, 1975. 
JACQUELINE J. VIVELO, 1987-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., 

University of Tennessee, 1965; M.A., 1970. 
STEPHEN E. WILLIAMS, 1973-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Central College, 

1964; M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., Washington University, 1971. 
BARBARA S. WIRTH, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Accounting, 1988. B.A., 

Lehigh University, 1979; M.B.A., 1985. 
PAUL L. WOLF, 1966-; Professor of Biology; Chairperson of the Department of 

Biology. B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1960; M.S., University of Delaware. 

1963; Ph.D., 1968. 
ALLAN F. WOLFE, 1968-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Gettysburg College. 1963; 

M.A., Drake University, 1965; Ph.D., University of Vermont, 1968. 

Emeriti 

MADELYN J. ALBRECHT, 1973-1990; Associate Professor Emerita of 
Education. B.A., Northern Baptist College, 1952; M.A., Michigan State 
University, 1958; Ph.D., 1972. 

RICHARD C. BELL, 1966-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S.. 
Lebanon Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple University. 1955. 

JAMES O. BEMESDERFER, 1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B.. Lebanon 
Valley College, 1936; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1939; S.T.M.. Lutheran 
Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, 1945; S.T.D., Temple University, 1951. 



163 



ELOISE P. BROWN, 1961-1987; Readers' Services Librarian Emerita. B.S.L.S., 

Simmons College, 1946. 
D. CLARK CARMEAN, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admission. A.B., Ohio 

Wesleyan University, 1926; M.A., Columbia University, 1932. 
CHARLES T. COOPER, 1965-1979; Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish. 

B.S., United States Naval Academy, 1942; M.A., Middlebury College, 1965. 
HILDA M. DAMUS, 1963-1976; Professor Emerita of German. M.A., University 

of Berlin and Jena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 
ROBERT S. DAVIDON, 1970-1984; Professor Emeritus of Psychology, 1985. A.B., 

University of Illinois, 1940; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 
CARL Y. EHRHART, 1947-1983; Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Dean of 

the College Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; M.Div., United 

Theological Seminary, 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 1954. 
WILLIAM H. FAIRLAMB, 1947-1990; Professor Emeritus of Music. Mus.B., cum 

laude, Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. 
ALEX J. FEHR, 1951-1982; Professor Emeritus of Political Science. A.B., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1950; M.A., Columbia University, 1957; Ph.D., Syracuse Univer- 
sity, 1968. 
ELIZABETH M. GEFFEN, 1958-1983; Professor Emerita of History. B.S., 

University of Pennsylvania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. 
PIERCE A. GETZ, 1959-1990; Professor Emeritus of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1951; M.S.M., Union Theological Seminary School of Sacred Music, 

1953; A.M.D., Eastman School of Music, 1967. 
JUNE E. HERR, 1959-1980; Associate Professor Emerita of Elementary 

Education. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania 

State University, 1954. 
THOMAS A. LANESE, 1954-1978; Associate Professor Emeritus of Strings, 

Conducting, and Theory. B.Mus., Baldwin- Wallace College, 1938; Fellow, 

Julliard Graduate School; M.Mus., Manhattan School of Music, 1952. 
JEAN O. LOVE, 1954-1985; Professor Emerita of Psychology. A.B., Erskine 

College, 1941; M.A., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., University of North 

Carolina, 1953. 
ANNA D. FABER McVAY, 1954-1976; Professor Emerita of English. A.B., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 1950; Ph.D., 1954. 
HOWARD A. NEIDIG, 1948-1985; Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1943; M.S., University of Delaware, 1946; Ph.D., 1948. 
AGNES B. O'DONNELL, 1961-1987; Professor Emerita of English. A.B., 

Immaculata College, 1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; M.A., University 

of Pennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D., 1976. 
J. ROBERT O'DONNELL, 1961-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Physics. 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1950; M.S., University of 

Delaware, 1953. 
GERALD J. PETROFES, 1963-1988; Associate Professor Emeritus of Physical 

Education. B.S., Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. 

164 



SARA ELIZABETH PIEL, 1960-1975; Professor Emerita of Languages. A.B., 

Chatham College, 1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; Ph.D., 1938. 
JACOB L. RHODES, 1957-1985; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1943; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1958. 
ROBERT C. RILEY, 1951-1986; Professor Emeritus, Economics and Business 

Administration; Vice President and Controller, Emeritus; B.S., Shippensburg 

State College, 1941; M.S., Columbia University, 1947; Ph.D., New York 

University, 1962; C.P.M., 1976. 
MALIN PH. SAYLOR, 1961-1980; Professor Emerita of French, 1985. Fil Kand., 

Universities of Upsala and Stockholm, 1938. 
RALPH S. SHAY, 1948-1951; 1953-1984; Professor Emeritus of History and 

Assistant Dean of the College Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; 

A.M., University of Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. 
ROBERT W. SMITH, 1951-1983; Professor Emeritus of English, B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 
GEORGE STRUBLE, 1931-1970; Professor Emeritus of English. B.S. in Ed., 

University of Kansas, 1922; M.S. in Ed., 1925; Ph.D., University of 

Wisconsin, 1931. 
JAMES M. THURMOND, 1954-1979; Professor Emeritus of Music Education and 

Brass. Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931; A.B., American University, 1951; 

M.A., Catholic University, 1952; Mus.D., Washington College of Music, 1944. 
C.F.JOSEPH TOM, 1954-1989; Professor Emeritus of Economics. B.A., Hastings 

College, 1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. 
L. ELBERT WETHINGTON, 1963-1983; Professor Emeritus of Religion. B.A., 

Wake Forest, 1944; B.D., Duke University, 1947; Ph.D., 1949. 
GLENN H. WOODS, 1965-1990; Associate Professor Emeritus of English. A.B.. 

Lebanon Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. 

Adjunct 

BEVERLY T. ANDREWS, 1989-; Lecturer in Leadership Studies. B.A.. Bir- 
mingham-Southern College, 1969; M.A., East Texas State University, 1970. 

MICHAEL J. ASKEN, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. B. A., The 
Johns Hopkins University, 1972; M.A., West Virginia University, 1974; 
Ph.D., 1976. 

PAUL B. BAKER, 1984-; Lecturer in English. B.A., Lebanon Valley College. 1979. 

ROBERT W. BIDDLE, Jr., 1989-; Lecturer in Hotel Management. B.S.. The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1977; M.S., 1988. 

CAROLE BITTS, 1989-; Lecturer in English. B.S., Millersville University. 

TERESA M. BOWERS, 1978-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Susquehanna 
University, 1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

DAVID L. BRODERIC, 1988-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Health Care 
Management. M.B.A., University of Chicago, 1975. 



165 



MICHAEL A. CASEY, 1989-; Instructor in Military Science. B.A., University of 

Notre Dame; Captain, United States Army. 
ERWINP. CHANDLER, 1978-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. B.S., Ithaca 

College, 1966; M.M., Indiana University, 1971. 
TIMOTHY M. DEWALD, Lecturer in Mathematical Sciences. B.A., Dickinson 

College, 1970; M.Div., Andover Newton Theological School, 1975. 
JOHN R. EBY, 1989-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.S., Lebanon 

Valley College, 1957. 
JAN W. EDWARDS, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Work. M.A., Ohio University, 1972. 
JAMES A. ERDMAN, II, 1983-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. 
TIMOTHY M. ERDMAN, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Temple 

University, 1970. 
DENNIS N. ESHLEMAN, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management. 

M.B.A., Columbia University, 1977. 
V. CARL GACONO, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Real Estate. B.S., 

Susquehanna University, 1953. 
ROBERT D. GINGRICH, 1985-; Lecturer in Social Work. M.S., Moravian College, 

1968. 
RICHARD J. GOEDKOOP, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of English. PhD., 

The Pennsylvania State University, 1980. 
RALPH W. HESS, 1990-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Political Science. B.S., 

Millersville University, 1962; M.S., San Diego State University, 1969. 
JAMES S. HUME, 1983-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. 

M.S., Virginia State College, 1970. 
ALFRED T. JELINEK, 1989-; Instructor in Military Science. M.B.A, Columbus 

College, 1984; Captain, United States Army. 
NEVELYN J. KNISLEY, 1954-1958; 1963; 1970-; Adjunct Associate Professor of 

Music. Mus. B., Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 1951; M.F.A., Ohio 

University, 1953. 
ROBERT C. LAU, 1968-; Adjunct Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 

College, 1965; M.A, Eastman School of Music, 1970; Ph.D., Catholic 

University, 1979. 
GREGORY A. MILLER, 1988-; Instructor in Military Science. M.Ed., Western 

Maryland College, 1975; Major, United States Army. 
CHARLES D. MINTZ, 1984-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion. M.S., 

Hebrew Union College, 1956. 
ROBERT A. NOWAK, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Mansfield State 

College, 1973; M.M., University of Miami, 1975. 
LAWRENCE ONCLEY, 1989-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., University of 

Puget Sound, 1963; B. Mus., 1964; M.Mus., Indiana University, 1968; Ph.D., 1975. 
JOSEPH E. PETERS, 1974-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., 

The Pennsylvania State University, 1973. 
HOLLY L. PRESTON, 1987-; Lecturer in Sociology. B.S.W., Shippensburg 

University, 1977; M.S.W., Marywood College, 1981. 

166 



MARIE E. RIEGLE, 1985-; Lecturer in Art. M.F.A., The Pennsylvania State 

University, 1979. 
CAROLYN B. SCOTT, 1987-; Lecturer in French. B.A., Juniata College, 1965. 
DAVID STAFFORD, 1981-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Combs College of 

Music, 1967. 
WILLIAM F. STINE, III, 1989-; Lecturer in Sound Recording Technology. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1969; M.A., West Chester University, 1975. 
THOMAS M. STROHMAN, 1977-1983; 1987-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., 

Lebanon Valley College, 1975. 
FORD S. THOMPSON, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M.A., 

George Washington University, 1967. 
ANNA F. TILBERG, 1982-; Lecturer in Biology. B. A. , University of Pennsylvania, 

1969. 
RICHARD J. TUSHUP, 1989-; Lecturer in Psychology. A.B., St. Vincent 

Seminary; M.A., 1971; Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1977. 
WILLIAM D. WILGUS, 1987-; Professor of Military Science. M.A., Webster 

University, 1985; Lieutenant Colonel, United State Army, Aviation. 
R. GORDON WISE, 1973-; Adjunct Professor of Art. Ed.D., University of 

Missouri, 1970. 

Adjuncts in Medical Technology 

Harrisburg Hospital: Medical Director of Laboratories, Him Kwee, M.D., Program 

Director, Janice M. Fogelman, M.Ed., M.T. (ASCP) 
Jersey Shore Medical Center: Medical Director, Martin Krummerman, M.D., 

Educational Coordinator, Florence M. Cook, M.T. (ASCP) 
Lancaster General Hospital: Director, Gerald Fahs, M.D.; Program Director, 

Nadine Gladfelter, M.S., M.T. (ASCP) 
Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg: Director, Julian Potok, D.O.; Education 

Director, Lynn L. Russell, M.T. (ASCP), CLS, MA. 
Reading Hospital and Medical Center: Director, I. Donald Stuard, M.D.; Program 

Director, Sharon Strauss, CLS (NCA) M.T. (ASCP) 
Sacred Heart Hospital: Director, Francis V. Kostelnik, M.D.; Program Director. 

Sandra A. Neiman, M.T. (ASCP), CLS. 

College Support Staff 

KATHLEEN R. ANSPACH, Print Shop 
CHARLES R. BEAMESDERFER, Garber Science Center 
MARILYN E. BOESHORE, Alumni Office 
LESLIE L. BOJANIC, Financial Aid Office 

DONNA L. BRICKLEY, Mathematical Sciences Department/Administration and 
Controller Offices 

167 



LEWIS H. COOKE, Jr., Athletic Equipment Manager 

NAOMI R. EMERICH, Advancement Office 

DENISE FOLK, Humanities Department 

BEVERLY J. GAMBLE, Student Affairs Office 

JO LYNN GERBER, Advancement Office 

SUSAN M. GREENAWALT, Continuing Education Office 

NANCY J. HARTMAN, Business Office 

PAMELA S. HILLEGAS, Athletic Office 

BARBARA A. ICEMAN, Library 

ALICE L. KOHR, Student Activities Office 

G. ROZ KUJOVSKY, Library 

PATRICIA A. LAUDERMILCH, Registrar's Office 

DIANA L. LEVENGOOD, Advancement Office 

BONITA L. LINGLE, Music Office 

KAREN R. McLUCAS, Admission Office 

H. GRACE MORRISSEY, Religion and Philosophy Department, Chaplain's Office 

GWENDOLYN W. PIERCE, Administration and Controller Offices 

CYNTHIA A. PLASTERER, Admission Office 

CHRISTINE M. REEVES, Vice President for Advancement Office 

CHARLOTTE J. RITTLE, Management Office 

SALLY A. RIVERA, Biology, Psychology, and Sociology Departments 

MARIAN C. ROGERS, Secretary of the College Office 

PATRICIA A. SCHOOLS, Career Planning and Placement Office 

PAMELA V. SHELLENBERGER, Business Office 

JACQUELINE F. SHOWERS, Telephone Services 

BARBARA A. SMITH, Vice President and Dean of the College Office 

ELLA K. STOTT, Library 

LINDA S. STRATTON, Mail Services 

MARY BETH STREHL, College Relations Office 

LINDA L. SUMMERS, Registrar's Office 

BERNICE K. TEAHL, Art, Chemistry and Physics Departments 

BONNIE C. TENNEY, Buildings and Grounds Office 



168 



INDEX 

Academic dishonesty policy, undergraduate.... 20 

Academic dishonesty policy, graduate 145 

Academic procedures, undergraduate 13 

Academic procedures, graduate 143 

Accounting Program 

courses 66 

department 46 

faculty 47 

major 66 

Accreditation Inside Back Cover 

Actuarial Science Program 

courses 68 

department 49 

faculty 51 

major 68 

Admissions, undergraduate full time 

students 8 

Admissions, undergraduate part time and 

continuing education students 10 

Admissions, graduate students 142 

Administration Directory 153 

Advanced Placement 16 

Allied Health Sciences Cooperative 

Program 30 

American Studies Program 

courses 68 

department 45 

major 68 

Anthropology courses 134 

Archeology courses 130 

Art courses 69 

department 36 

faculty 36 

minor 69 

Associate Degrees.... 11 

Attendance policy 15 

Auditing policy 14 

Baccalaureate Degrees 11 

Biochemistry Program 

courses 70 

major 70 

requirements 70 

Biology Program 

courses 71 

department 37 

faculty 37 

major 71 

Botany courses 72 

Business History courses 102 

Calendar 

1990-1991 4 

1991-1992 5 

Certificate Programs 10 

Challenge examinations policy 17 

Chemistry Program 

courses 74 



department 38 

faculty 39 

major 74 

Christian Education courses 130 

CLEP 17 

College Staff Directory 167 

Communications Program 

courses 84 

department 42 

faculty 43 

major 84 

minor 84 

Computer Science Program 

courses 77 

department 50 

faculty 51 

major 76 

minor 77 

Concurrent Courses 15 

Cooperative Programs 30 

Courses, undergraduate 

concurrent 15 

external 15 

repetition of 15 

descriptions 66 

Courses, graduate 146 

Credit for life experience 17 

Criminal Justice courses 135 

Degrees, undergraduate 11 

Degrees, graduate 141 

Dean's List 19 

Departmental Honors 20 

Diploma programs 10 

Dismissal policy, undergraduate 21 

Economics Program 

courses 79 

department 59 

faculty 60 

major 78 

minor 79 

Education Program 

courses 81 

department 40 

faculty 42 

major 81 

minor 81 

Elementary Education Program 

courses 82 

department 40 

faculty 42 

major 81 

minor 81 

Engineering Cooperative Program 30. 83 

English Program 

courses 84 

department 42 



169 



faculty 43 

major 84 

minor 84 

Environmental Studies Cooperative 

Program 31, 86 

External Summer Courses 15 

Faculty Directory 159 

Finance courses 103 

Finances, student 8 

Fine Arts Course 87 

Foreign Languages Program 

courses 87 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 87 

Foreign Study Opportunities 23 

Forestry Cooperative Programs 31, 88 

French Program 

courses 88 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 88 

minor 88 

General Education Program 

courses 24, 89 

requirements 24 

General Studies Program 

major 90 

requirements 90 

Geography courses 90 

German Program 

courses 91 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 91 

minor 91 

Gerontology courses 134 

Grade Point Average 18 

Grading system 18 

Graduation Honors 20 

Graduation Requirements, undergraduate 12 

Graduation Requirements, graduate 146 

Greek courses 93 

Health Care Management Program 

courses 80, 104, 135 

major 93 

requirements 93 

Health Professions Cooperative Programs 30 

History Program 

courses 95 

department 45 

faculty 46 

major 94 

minor 95 

Honors Program 

courses 28 

Honors, departmental 20 

Honors, graduation 20 



Hotel Management Program 

courses 98 

department 46 

faculty 47 

major 98 

minor 98 

Independent Study policy 34 

International Business Program 

major 100 

Internship policy 32 

Japanese courses 100 

Knisley Teaching Awards 159 

Leadership Studies Scholar Program 

courses 27, 100 

requirements 27 

Limit of Hours 13 

Lindback Teaching Awards 158 

Literature courses 85 

Management Program 

courses 101 

department 46 

faculty 47 

major 101 

Map of Campus 6 

Marketing courses 102 

Mathematical Sciences Program 

courses 105 

department 48 

faculty 51 

major 105 

minor 105 

Mathematics courses 105 

MBA Program 

academic policies 143 

admission 142 

concurrent courses 143 

courses 146 

faculty 141 

financial aid 145 

grading system 144 

privacy of student records 145 

refund policy 144 

requirements 143, 146 

review procedure 144 

time restriction policy 145 

transfer policy 143 

withdrawal policy 144, 146 

Medical Technology Cooperative 

Program 31, 107 

Military Science Program 

courses 108 

department 52 

faculty 53 

requirements 108 

Mission Statement 7 

Music Program 

courses 110 

department 54 



170 



faculty 55 

major 109 

minor 109 

Music Education courses Ill 

Non-Traditional Credit policy 16 

Nuclear Medicine Technology 

Cooperative Program 31 

Off-Campus Programs 

Study Abroad 23 

Washington Semester 23 

Officers, General College 153 

Pass/Fail policy 15 

Payment plans 9 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 20 

Philosophy Program 

courses 117 

department 63 

faculty 64 

major 117 

minor 117 

Physical Education Program 

courses 119 

department 58 

faculty 58 

Physics Program 

courses 120 

department 58 

faculty 59 

major 120 

Placement examinations, undergraduate 16 

Political Science Program 

courses 122 

department 59 

faculty 60 

major 122 

minor 122 

Pre-Law Program 124 

Privacy of Student Records 12 

Probation, undergraduate 21 

Probation, graduate 144 

Psychobiology Program 

courses 125 

major 125 

Psychology Program 

courses 126 

department 61 

faculty 62 

major 125 

minor 125 

Readmission policy 22 

Refund policy, undergraduate 9 

Refund policy, graduate 144 

Registration, change of policy 14 

Religion Program 

courses 129 

department 63 

faculty 64 

major 129 



minor 129 

Repitition of courses policy, 

undergraduate 15 

Repitition of courses policy, graduate 144 

ROTC Program 

courses 108 

faculty 53 

requirements 108 

Sears-Roebuck Teaching Award 159 

Second Bachelor's Degree policy 16 

Secondary Education Program 

courses 132 

department 40 

faculty 42 

major 131 

Serviceman's Opportunity College (SOC) 22 

Sociology Program 

courses 134 

department 64 

faculty 65 

major 134 

minor 134 

Social Work Program 

courses 133 

department 64 

faculty 65 

major 132 

minor 132 

Sound Recording Technology' Program 

courses 136 

department 55 

faculty 55 

major 136 

Spanish Program 

courses 139 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 139 

minor 139 

Special Topics courses 36 

Study Abroad 23 

Suspension policy, undergraduate 21 

Teacher Certification for 

Non-Matriculated Students 23 

Teacher Certification for 

Matriculated Students 81 

Thanatology courses 135 

Transfer policy, undergraduate 13 

Transfer policy, graduate 143 

Trustees, Board of Directory 150 

Tutorial Study courses 36 

Veteran's Services 22, 143 

Washington Semester 23 

Withdrawal procedure, undergraduate 22 

Withdrawal procedure, graduate 144. 146 

Zoology courses 73 



171 



Accreditation 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of 
the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the Pennsylvania Department of 
Education, the National Association of Schools of Music and the American 
Chemical Society. 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents of the State 
University of New York and of the American Association of University Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following: National Association of 
Independent Colleges and Universities; Pennsylvania Foundation for Indepen- 
dent Colleges; College Entrance Examination Board; College Scholarship Service; 
National Collegiate Athletic Association; Middle Atlantic States Collegiate Ath- 
letic Conference; Penn-Mar Athletic Conference; Central Pennsylvania Field 
Hockey Association; Eastern College Athletic Conference. 



Lebanon Valley College 
101 North College Avenue 
Annville, PA 17003-0501 
Address Correction Requested 



Non-Profit Organization 

U.S. POSTAGE PAID 

PERMIT NO. 9 

Annville, PA 17003 



Lebanon Valley College 

Annville, Pennsylvania 17003-0501 

(717) 867-6100