(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE CATALOG 

1991 - 1992 




Lebanon Valley College 

of Pennsylvania 



Lebanon Valley College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national 
and ethnic origin, sex, age, religion or handicap. 

Production of this catalog is under the direction of the Registrar's Office. Informa- 
tion included is correct as of the date of publication. Unexpected changes may occur 
during the course of the academic year, therefore, the listing of a course or program 
in this catalog does not constitute a guarantee or contract that the particular course 
or program will be offered during a given year. 

* All information is correct as of August 1, 1991 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

1991-1992 Academic Calendar 2 

Mission of Lebanon Valley College 3 

Undergraduate Information 4 

Admissions 4 

Continuing Education 5 

Undergraduate Academic Regulations and Procedures 7 

Degrees 7 

Academic Procedures 10 

Non-Traditional Credit , 15 

Grading System 16 

Special Programs 18 

Undergraduate Academic Programs 23 

General Education 23 

Leadership Studies Scholar Program 23 

Honors Program 26 

Cooperative Programs 28 

Internships 30 

Independent Study 31 

Tutorial Study 33 

Special Topics Courses 33 

Departmental Programs 33 

Undergraduate Degree Requirements and Course Descriptions 67 

Graduate Academic Programs 149 

Directory 153 

Board of Trustees 153 

Administration 157 

Faculty 164 

Support Staff 176 

Awards 177 

Accreditation 179 

Campus Map 180 



1991-1992 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 











First Semester 


Aug. 


24 


Saturday 


8 a.m. 


Residence halls open for new students 




24 


Saturday 




First Year Experience 




24 


Saturday 


2 p.m. 


Opening Convocation 




25 


Sunday 


noon 


Residence halls open 




26 


Monday 


1-4 p.m. Add/Drop Day 




26 


Monday 


7 p.m. 


Evening classes begin 




27 


Tuesday 


8 a.m. 


Day classes begin 


Oct. 


4 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Fall break begins 




7 


Monday 


7 p.m. 


Classes resume 




9 


Wednesday 


noon 


Mid-term grades due 




18 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


Nov. 


22 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Thanksgiving vacation begins 


Dec. 


2 


Monday 


8 a.m. 


Classes resume 




6 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Classes end 




9-13 Monday-Friday 


Final examinations 




13 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Semester ends 




18 


Wednesday 


noon 


Final grades due 



Second Semester 



Jan. 



Feb. 



March 



April 



May 



12 


Sunday 


noon 


Residence halls open 


13 


Monday 


8 - noon 


Add/Drop Day 


13 


Monday 


1 p.m. 


Classes begin (labs only) 


24 


Monday 


noon 


Mid-term grades due 


25 


Tuesday 


11 a.m. 


Founders Day 


6 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Change of registration deadline 


6 


Friday 


5 p.m. 


Spring vacation begins 


16 


Monday 


8 a.m. 


Classes resume 


15 


Wednesday 


9:30 p.m. 


Easter Vacation 


20 


Monday 


7 p.m. 


Classes resume 


30 


Thursday 


9:30 p.m. 


Classes end 


2-7 


Saturday-Thursday 


Final examinations 


7 


Thursday 


9:30 p.m. 


Semester ends 


8 


Friday 


noon 


Senior grades due 


9 


Saturday 


9 a.m. 


Baccalaureate Service 


9 


Saturday 


11 a.m. 


123rd Commencement 


15 


Friday 


noon 


All final grades due 



THE MISSION OF THE COLLEGE 

The Mission of Lebanon Valley College arises directly from its origins as a church related 
college. We emphasize that fact by maintaining affiliation with the United Methodist Church 
and by affirming the Judeo-Christian tradition as the perspective for our policies. 

The best way to understand the mission of Lebanon Valley College is to focus on what it is 
we hope for our students. We want our students: 

• to develop a genuine concern for cooperative living and community service; 

• to attain a heightened sense of moral and spiritual values through a deepened awareness 
of how people have thought of themselves in relation to nature, to society, and to God; 

• to appreciate the close and unmistakable relationship among rational thought, creative 
imagination, and moral commitment; and 

• to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, and the future and their 
interrelationship. 

This assertion of hope for our students possesses three distinctive characteristics. 

(1) While this is not a list of priorities in rank order, neither is it mere coincidence that 
cooperation with and service to others comes first. 

(2) Moral commitment is not affirmed as one of a laundry list of qualities nor does it 
appear as an afterthought. Rather it is inherent or explicit in all the desired outcomes. 

(3) The broad description of our program which these objectives implies identifies 
qualities which we attempt to achieve through both general education and major study, 
but the stress throughout is on interrelationships, not on knowledge in isolation. We 
want our students to be as knowledgeable, as aesthetically sensitive, as skillful as 
possible, but we want more than that for them. 

The motto of the college, taken from the Gospel of John is "You shall know the truth and the 
truth shall make you free." But our aim is not merely to free our students from ignorance, 
superstition, prejudice, narrowness of vision. It is also to free them for a life of service to 
others. That purpose we affirm in the concept of leadership which gives focus to the ideals 
of education by reiterating the central value of the liberal arts tradition in a democratic 
society: to prepare people to make a difference, to contribute significantly to their various 
communities. 



UNDERGRADUATE INFORMATION 

Admissions For Day Students 

High School Preparation 

All admission candidates should have completed 16 credit units and graduated from 
an accredited secondary school, or present an equivalency certificate (G.E.D.). Of 
the 16 units, 4 should be in English, 2 in foreign language, 2 in mathematics, 1 in 
science and 1 in social studies. 

Application Procedure 

A candidate for admission to Lebanon Valley College must submit a completed 
application form with the required application fee, Scholastic Aptitude or American 
College Test results and an official transcript of high school grades. Students plan- 
ning to transfer to Lebanon Valley must submit official transcripts of completed 
college or university work. Lebanon Valley College does not require the College 
Board Achievement Test. 

All candidates are encouraged to visit campus for a personal interview. Applicants 
for admission into music, music education or sound recording technology programs 
are required to audition on campus; audition applications are available from the 
Admission Office. For further information contact: 

Admission Office 

Lebanon Valley College 

101 North College Avenue 

Annville.PA 17003-0501 

Phone: (717) 867-6181 or (800) 445-6181 

Student Finances 

Payment for tuition, room, board, and other charges is due by a published deadline 
prior to the beginning of each semester. Students failing to meet this deadline will 
be required to make special arrangements with the Business Office before their 
course registrations will be processed. Questions about student finances should be 
addressed to the Business Office. 

Refund Policy 

Students withdrawing from a course, or the school, will receive a refund prorated 

according to the following schedule: 



Time Period Refund 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 80% 

During the third week of classes 50% 

After the third week of classes 0% 
Summer School- 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 50% 

After the second week of classes 0% 

Part-time and continuing education students should consult the refund schedule 
published by the Continuing Education Office. 

No refund is allowed on room charges. 

Deferred Payment 

Lebanon Valley College offers a deferred payment plan for those families who, after 
exploring other options, are unable to meet the college's prepayment requirements. 
Two agents have been appointed to process deferred payment applications: 

Academic Management Services, Inc. IPP/HES Trust 

50 Vision Boulevard c/o Municipal Services Dept. 

P.O. Box 14608 Dauphin Deposit Bank and Trust Co. 

East Providence, RI 029 14-0608 P.O. Box 2937 

Phone: 1-800-556-6684 Harrisburg, PA 17105 

Phone: 1-800-422-0010 

The college has no financial interest in either of these plans and offers them as a 
convenience to students and parents. Students who are receiving monthly Social 
Security or Veteran's Education Benefits may defer the amount covered by these 
benefits. 

Continuing Education Office 

The Continuing Education Office offers credit programs on four levels: certificate, 
associate, baccalaureate, and diploma. Certificates are starter programs that approxi- 
mate the beginning of a four- year college experience, ideal spring-boards from 
which to go on for an associate or bachelor's degree. Diploma programs are intended 
for persons who have already been awarded a bachelor's degree in one discipline and 
desire to study another discipline in some depth and breadth. 



A second bachelor's degree may be awarded to adult students who already have 
received a bachelor of arts or sciences from the college or another accredited college 
or university. In such cases, students only must complete the major requirements for 
the second degree or a minimum of thirty credits, whichever is greater. 

Courses in the Continuing Education Office are offered on the Annville campus 
during evenings, weekend and summer sessions. Evening programs are also 
available in Lancaster on the campus of Franklin & Marshall College. The 
Continuing Education Office publishes course schedules for the fall, spring and 
summer sessions. To obtain copies of course schedules or get detailed information 
on all academic programs for adults call 717-867-6213 in Annville or 717-399-4419 
in Lancaster or write Continuing Education Office, Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, PA 17003-0501. 

A candidate for admission to any of Lebanon Valley College's Continuing Educa- 
tion degree programs must submit a completed application form with the required 
application fee. An official high school transcript is required. Adult students 
planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley also must submit official transcripts of any 
completed college or university courses. Official transcripts relating to military or 
business courses also may prove to be useful. Although students may begin taking 
classes before they have been accepted, they must speak with a counselor before 
registering for the courses. To arrange an admission interview with a counselor call 
717-867-6213 in Annville or 717-399-4419 in Lancaster. Decisions on all adult 
student applications usually are made within one month after the last required 
transcript is received. 



UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC 
REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES 

Attendance at Lebanon Valley College is a privilege not a right. To provide the 
necessary atmosphere in which teaching and learning can occur, the college expects 
that the conduct of all campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. The 
college has the right to require the withdrawal of any student whose actions are 
inimical to the purposes of the institution. The following academic regulations are 
announcements and do not constitute a contract between the student and the college. 
The college reserves the right to change these regulations and procedures as it deems 
necessary for the accomplishment of its purposes, but wherever possible, a student 
will proceed to graduation under the regulations in effect at the time of his/her 
entrance at the college. 

Degrees 

Baccalaureate Degrees 

Lebanon Valley College confers six baccalaureate degrees. Bachelor of Arts for 
students completing requirements in the following major programs: American 
studies, economics, English, foreign language, French, German, history, music, 
philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, sociology, Spanish and certain 
individualized majors. 

Bachelor of Science for students completing requirements in the following major 
programs: accounting, actuarial science, health care management, biochemistry, 
biology, chemistry, computer information systems, computer science, cooperative 
engineering, cooperative forestry, economics, elementary education, general stud- 
ies, hotel management, international business, management, mathematics, music 
education, physics, psychobiology, and certain individualized majors. Bachelor of 
Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, Bachelor of 
Music: Emphasis in Sound Recording Technology, and Bachelor of Social Work for 
students completing requirements for the appropriate major program. 

Associate Degrees 

Through the Continuing Education Office students may earn the Associate of 
Science degree in accounting, general studies or management, or the Associate of 
Arts degree in general studies. 



Privacy of Student Records 

In accordance with the Family Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 the college releases 
no student education records without written consent and request of the student, or 
as prescribed by law. 

A student has the right to inspect his or her educational records maintained by the 
college. It is the student's responsibility to contact the appropriate office of the 
college to make the necessary arrangements. 

The college makes public such directory information as name, address, telephone, 
date of birth, major field of study, degrees and awards received, previous schools 
attended, participation in activities, and athletic information. 

Credit Hours 

A credit hour is the unit to measure academic progress. Each course has a credit 
designation approximately equal to the number of hours to be spent in class each 
week. A course requiring three hours of class attendance each week will carry three 
credit hours. Credit for laboratories is generally awarded atone-half the regular rate. 

Graduation Requirements 

Candidates for a baccalaureate degree must obtain 122 credit hours, except for 
continuing education students who are exempt from the physical education require- 
ment and must obtain 120 credit hours. Credit hours are accumulated in three 
separate categories: general education requirements, major requirements, and elec- 
tives. 

Candidates for an associate degree must accumulate at least 60 credit hours including 
the course work appropriate to their major program. Fifteen of the last eighteen credit 
hours toward the degree must be in residence. 

The general education program is that part of the curriculum that is shared by all 
students in all majors. The nine areas of required courses reflect 45-49 credit hours. 

The major programs each require at least 24 credit hours of course work. 

Electives are those courses selected by the student that reflect neither major nor 
general education requirements. 



Candidates for degrees must also take in residence 30 credit hours of the 36 taken 
immediately prior to graduation. Course work taken in all of the college 's programs 
qualify as work done in residence. 

Advising Program 

Each student has a faculty adviser whose role is to counsel about registration 
procedures, course selections, academic requirement, and regulations. The student 
is required to obtain the adviser's counsel and approval before registration, with- 
drawal, election of pass/fail option, and/or change in credit/audit status. 



ACADEMIC PROCEDURES 

Arrangement of Schedules 

Each student arranges a semester program of courses in consultation with, and by 
approval of, his or her faculty adviser. Students already in attendance do this during 
registration periods. New students accomplish this on orientation days. 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full time, a student must take at least 12 credit hours in a semester. 
Seventeen credit hours is the maximum permitted without approval from the 
student's adviser and permission of the registrar. Audited courses are counted in 
determining the course load, but physical education and music organizations are not. 
To be permitted to take more than 17 credits the student should have a cumulative 
grade point average of 3.0 or higher, or be enrolled in the Honors Program, or be a 
senior. Students shall pay the prevailing tuition rate for each credit hour beyond 17 
(not counting physical education and music organizations). 

Class Standing 

Students are classified academically at the beginning of each year. Membership in 
the sophomore, junior or senior classes is granted to students who have earned a 
minimum of 28, 56, or 84 credit hours respectively. 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another accredited 
institution shall send an official transcript to the dean of admissions. If requested, the 
student must provide copies of the appropriate catalogs for the years of attendance 
at the other institution or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided the grades are C- (1 .67) or better and the 
work is equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley College. Grades thus 
transferred count for credit hours only, not for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally accredited 
college can be admitted with full acceptance of course work at the previously 
attended institution. Course work in the major field, however, for which the applicant 
has received a D shall not be counted toward fulfilling the major requirement. 



10 



Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of full 
acceptance of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding that the 
candidate has followed a basic course of study compatible with the curriculum and 
academic programs of the college and has been enrolled in a transfer program. A total 
of 60 credits will be accepted for an associate degree and 57 credits for a diploma 
program. A maximum of 90 credit hours will be accepted toward a baccalaureate 
degree. 

In most instances the applicant may be expected to complete the baccalaureate 
degree within two years. However, when the requirements of a particular major field 
or the nature of the previous study demand additional work beyond two years, the 
applicant will normally be notified at the time of admission. 

Discontinuance of Courses 

The college reserves the right to withdraw or discontinue any course. 

Registration and Preregistration 

Students are required to register for courses on designated days of each semester. 
Students who register later than the designated times shall be charged a fee. Students 
desiring to register later than one week after the opening of the semester will be 
admitted only by special permission of the Registrar. 

On entering Lebanon Valley College students indicate that they are open or that they 
have a particular intended major. Students may make a formal declaration of major 
during the second semester of their freshmen year, and must make a formal 
declaration by the time they have completed 60 credit hours. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, changes of course hours credit, 
changes from credit to audit and vice versa, must be approved by signature of the 
adviser. In most instances, registration for a course shall not be permitted after the 
course has been in session for one full week. With the permission of the adviser, a 
student may withdraw from a course at any time through the last day of semester 
classes (see grading policy). A fee is charged for every change of course made at the 
student's request after Add/Drop Day. 



11 



Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with the approval of their academic adviser. 
Audited courses are counted in considering the course load relative to the limit of 
hours. No grade or credit is given for an audited course, but the registrar will record 
the audit on the transcript if the student attends regularly. A change of registration 
from credit to audit or from audit to credit must be accomplished by the end of the 
eighth week of semester classes. 

Pass/Fail 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 credit hours) a student may elect to take up 
to two courses per semester and one per summer session on pass/fail basis; however, 
only six such courses can be counted toward graduation requirements. No courses 
taken pass/fail may be used to meet either general education, major requirements, or 
pre- or co-requisites for classes. A student may select or cancel a pass/fail 
registration any time during the first eight weeks of a semester. Passing with honors 
will be designated by the grade PH indicating that a grade of B+ or higher was earned. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student may repeat as often as desired, for a higher grade, a previously taken 
course, subject to the following provisions: the course must have been taken in 
courses staffed by the college at the Annville campus and/or the Franklin & Marshall 
or Pennsylvania School of Art & Design campuses in Lancaster. Semester hours 
credit are given only once. The grade received each time taken is computed in the 
semester grade point average. Each semester grade report will show hours credit 
each time passed, but the total hours toward a degree will be equal only to the 
semester hours credit for the course. For a course previously passed P/F, the grade 
received in the subsequent registration for regular grade is the "higher grade." Each 
grade received remains on the permanent record and a notation is made thereon that 
the course has been repeated. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry courses 
concurrently at any other institution without prior consent of his or her adviser and 
the registrar. 



12 



External Summer Courses 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for the courses 
taken during the summer in another college, unless such courses have prior approval 
of his or her adviser and the registrar. 

Attendance Policy 

Each student is responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements for each 
course, including regular class attendance. At the opening of each semester the 
instructors shall clearly inform students of class attendance regulations. Violations 
of those regulations shall make the student liable to receive a grade of F in the course. 
Upon the recommendation of the instructor and the approval of the registrar a grade 
of W will be assigned during the eight weeks of the semester, and an F will be 
assigned after that date. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the necessity of fulfilling all course 
requirements. 

In-Absentia 

The college treats students in foreign study programs and in the Washington 
Semester Program as students-in-absentia. Any student who studies for a semester 
or academic year at another institution but with the intent of returning to the college 
is considered a matriculated student. Students will receive information on registra- 
tion and room sign-up after they notify the registrar of their address abroad or in 
Washington. 

Leave of Absence 

For reasons of health or in other compelling circumstances students may request to 
take aleave from the college for one or two semesters. A student desiring such a leave 
should complete the form available from the Registrar and secure the approval of the 
dean of the college. Students on leave are regarded as continuing students and retain 
their status for registration or room sign-up. Students on leave will receive informa- 
tion on those procedures and will be asked to verify their return. 



13 



Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

To withdraw from college a student must complete an official withdrawal form 
obtained from the registrar. Continuing Education students must complete an official 
withdrawal form obtained from the director of continuing education.. Readmission 
of a student requires written permission from the dean of the college. 

Advanced Placement 

Advanced Placement with credit for appropriate courses shall be granted to entering 
students who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced Placement 
examinations. For scores of 3, final determination is made by the appropriate 
department. Advanced Placement without credit may be granted on the basis of the 
Achievement Tests of the College Board examinations or such other proficiency 
tests as may be determined by the registrar and by the chairperson of the department. 

Second Bachelor' s Degrees 

A person who has earned a bachelor's degree from Lebanon Valley College or 
another accredited college or university may earn a second bachelor's degree by 
meeting the following requirements: 

1 . A minimum of 30 additional undergraduate credit must be completed 
successfully at Lebanon Valley. 

2. All graduation requirements for the major of the second degree must be met 
satisfactorily. 

3. Course work completed successfully as part of the first degree program 
may be used to satisfy the graduation requirements of the second major. 

4. No course already taken in the first degree program may be repeated in the 
second degree program. 

5. Teacher Certification credits may not be counted toward a second degree. 

6. Graduates from other accredited colleges or universities shall not be required to 
meet any Lebanon Valley general education requirements. 

7. No courses in the second degree program may be met satisfactorily through 
such non-traditional means as challenge examinations, CLEP, or credit 
for life experience. 

8. No internships may be used to satisfy the 30 credit rule, unless such internship is 
required in the second degree program. 

9. No courses in the second degree program may be taken Pass/Fail. 



14 






Undergraduate Non Traditional Credit 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes the ability of highly motivated students to 
master specific areas of study on their own initiative and provides programs to allow 
these students the opportunity to gain credit. Any matriculated student may earn a 
maximum of 30 credits toward a bachelor's degree or a maximum of 15 credits 
toward an associate's degree through non-traditional means (experiential credit, 
advanced placement, CLEP, challenge examinations). 

Challenge Exams Policy 

Only the courses listed in the college curriculum may be challenged for credit. Full- 
time students should request challenge examinations through their academic advisers. 
Part-time students and those students enrolled through the continuing education 
program should make application of challenge exams through the Continuing 
Education Office. All requests must be approved by the registrar and the chairperson 
of the department in which the course is listed. 

Challenge exams are considered to be comprehensive examinations in the subject 
area and are graded Pass/Fail. The grading criteria for passing a challenge exam shall 
be determined by each department. There is a fee for each challenge examination. 
This fee is for preparation and grading of the examination and is charged without 
regard to the test results. Challenge exams may not be taken by students who have 
received any grade in a course equivalent to or more advanced than the course for 
which the student is requesting credit by examination. Challenge exams may not be 
used for the purpose of acquiring credit for a course previously failed. Practicums, 
internships, seminars, research courses, independent study, and courses with re- 
quired laboratory components are not subject to credit by examination. 

CLEP (College Level Examination Program) Policy 

Credit shall be granted to those students who score well on CLEP examinations that 
are approved by the college. To receive credit, a student must score above the 50th 
percentile on the objective section and above a C, as determined by the appropriate 
academic department, on the essay section. 

A maximum of 6 credits shall be awarded for each examination; of these credits, only 
3 may be applied to the general education requirements in the appropriate area. 
Credit shall be granted only to students who have matriculated at Lebanon Valley 
College. Normally, requests for CLEP credit must be approved by the registrar 
before the student has completed 30 credits. 

15 



Credit for Life Experience Policy 

Lebanon Valley College provides for the awarding of undergraduate academic credit 
for knowledge acquired through non-academic experience in subjects in the college 
curriculum. The experience should have a direct relation to the material taught in a 
course in the college curriculum and should extend over a sufficient period to provide 
substantive knowledge in the relevant area. Matriculated students who believe they 
qualify for such credit may petition the appropriate department through their 
academic advisers. Students enrolled in the Continuing Education program must 
petition through the Continuing Education Office. This petition must: 

(1) detail the relevant experience in question 

(2) provide appropriate supporting evidence 

(3) note the equivalent college course by department and number 

(4) state the number of credit hours sought. 

The appropriate department will consult with the academic adviser or the Continuing 
Education Office to determine the best means (interview, examination, portfolio, 
etc.) for evaluating the experience. 

Approval of experiential credit for full-time students must be made in writing over 
the signatures of the academic adviser, the appropriate department chairperson, and 
the dean of the college. Approval of experiential credit for students enrolled through 
the continuing education program must be made in writing over the signatures of the 
director of continuing education, the appropriate department chairperson, and the 
dean of the college. 

Experiential credit cannot exceed six credit hours in one academic year and cannot 
exceed a maximum of twelve credit hours in the degree program. 

Grading Systems and Grade Point Averages 

Student work is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), C 
(satisfactory achievement), D (requirements and standards met a minimum level), F 
(course requirements not met). For each credit hour in a course, students receive the 
following quality points: 



16 



A 


4.00 


A- 


3.67 


B+ 


3.33 


B 


3.00 


B- 


2.67 


C+ 


2.33 



C 


2.00 


C- 


1.67 


D+ 


1.33 


D 


1.00 


D- 


.67 


F 


.00 



F carries no credit or quality points, but grades of F are used in calculating the grade 
point averages. The cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing the 
quality points by the credit hours completed. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 2.00, and 
a major grade point average of 2.00. Only grades in courses taken at Lebanon Valley 
College, the Lebanon Valley College in Cologne Program, and the Washington 
Semester Program are used to determine grade point averages. 

Students in the class of 1 992 and all continuing education degree candidates admitted 
before July 1, 1989 must meet graduation requirements by earning a cumulative 
grade point average of 1.75. Students in the classes of 1993, 1994 and 1995 and all 
continuing education candidates admitted after July 1, 1989 must meet graduation 
requirements of earning a grade point average of 2.00. All students must have a 2.00 
grade point average in their major, any second major, and any minor. 

A student may not take a course that has a prerequisite course he/she has failed. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I, W, WP, and WF are used. I indicates 
that the work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the student for 
substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor), but otherwise satisfac- 
tory. This work must be completed within the first eight weeks of the next semester, 
or the I will be changed to an F. Appeals for an extension of time must be presented 
to the registrar by the first week of the next semester. W indicates withdrawal from 
a course through the eighth week of semester classes. In case of withdrawal from a 
course thereafter through the last day of semester classes, the symbol WP is used if 
the work has been satisfactory and WF if unsatisfactory. The grade of WF is 
calculated as an F in the grade point averages. For physical education a grade of either 
S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory) is recorded. 

Once a grade has been recorded it may not be changed without the approval of the 
instructor and the registrar. Students who feel the grade may be inaccurate should 
contact the instructor at once, but in no case later than the end of the semester 
following the course in question. 

17 



Academic and Graduation Honors 

The Dean's List 

Students achieving a 3.40 or higher grade point average while carrying at least 12 

credit hours for grade shall be named to the Dean's List at the end of each semester. 

Continuing education students shall be named to the Continuing Education Dean's 
List by meeting the following terms: 

(1) must be matriculated in certificate, degree or teacher certification programs 

(2) must be enrolled for at least 6 credit hours 

(3) must achieve a minimum semester grade point average of 3.40 

Graduation Honors 

After completing a minimum of 60 credit hours of residence work a student may 
qualify for graduation honors. The honors to be conferred are Summa Cum Laude 
for grade point averages of 3.75 - 4.0, Magna Cum Laude for grade point averages 
of 3.60 - 3.74, and Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.40 - 3.59. 

Departmental Honors 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors work during the 
junior and senior years. For specific information, interested students should contact 
the appropriate department chairperson. Generally, departmental honors consist of 
a reading and/or research project producing a thesis or essay. This project is 
undertaken on a subject of the student's own choosing under the supervision of a 
faculty adviser. Opportunity also exists to do creative work. A maximum of 9 hours 
credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 

Students graduating with grade point averages of 3.50 or higher are eligible for 
induction into Phi Alpha Epsilon, provided they have earned a minimum of 60 credit 
hours of residence work. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. Academic 
dishonesty shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, no action shall be taken beyond failure 
from the course, at the option of the faculty member. A letter of warning shall be sent 



18 



to the student by the dean of the college, explaining the policy regarding further 
offenses, and the right of appeal. 

For a second offense, failure in the course is mandatory, and the dean shall so inform 
the faculty member(s) involved. Additionally, the dean of college has the authority 
to take further action, up to and including expulsion from the college. 

For a third offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the college are 
mandatory. 

The dean of college has the authority to make a determination of whether actions or 
reasonable suspicions of actions by a student constitute academic dishonesty 
"offenses" as above. 

Information related to academic dishonesty offenses must be passed by the faculty 
member to the dean of the college. The dean shall retain the information for at least 
as long as the student involved is enrolled at the college. Information and evidence 
concerning academic dishonesty are the property of the college. 

All actions against a student for academic dishonesty offenses can be appealed to the 
dean of the college, who will serve as final arbiter. 

Probation and Suspension 

Students in the class of 1992 can be placed on academic probation, suspended or 
dismissed if their academic standing fails to come up to the grade point average 
shown in the following table: 







Suspension or 




Probation 


Dismissal 


1 st semester 


1.25 




2nd semester 


1.50 


1.25 cumulative 


3rd semester 


1.65 




4th semester 


1.75 


1.50 cumulative 


5th semester 


1.75 




6th semester 


1.75 


1.65 cumulative 


7th semester 


1.75 


in all courses 


8th semester 


1.75 





19 



Students in the classes of 1993, 1994 and 1995 can be placed on academic probation, 
suspended or dismissed if their academic standing fails to come up to the grade point 
average shown in the following table: 



Semester 




Suspension or 


Hours 


Probation 


Dismissal 


1- 18 


1.50 




19-36 


1.60 


1 .50 cumulative 


37-54 


1.70 




55-72 


1.80 


1 .70 cumulative 


73-90 


1.90 




91 or more 


2.00 


1 .90 cumulative 



A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the dean of the 
college and informed of the college regulations governing probationers. Students on 
probation are expected to regulate their work and their time in a most determined 
effort to bring their performances up to the required standard. A student on probation 
who desires to begin a new activity or continue in an activity already begun, shall 
submit an appeal to the dean of the college. After consultation with the student's 
major adviser and parents, the dean of the college will render a binding decision. 

A student suspended for academic reasons normally is not eligible for reinstatement 
for one semester. A student seeking reinstatement must petition in writing to the dean 
of the college. 

A student twice suspended shall be considered for readmission only after completing 
appropriate academic work at an accredited college. 

Veterans' Services 

Veterans who are eligible to receive educational benefits must report their enroll- 
ment to the registrar after they register for each semester or summer session. The 
registrar will then submit certification to the Veterans Administration. 

Veterans who are attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time must complete 
the appropriate forms in the Registrar's Office before certification will be sent to the 
Veteran Administration. 

Veterans with questions about the college or their status with the college should 
contact the registrar. 



20 



Servicemember' s Opportunity Colleges 

Lebanon Valley College has been designated as an institutional member of 
Servicemember's Opportunity Colleges (SOC), a group of over 400 colleges 
providing post secondary education to members throughout the world. As an SOC 
member, Lebanon Valley College recognizes the unique nature of the military 
lifestyle and has committed itself to easing the transfer of relevant course credits, 
providing flexible residency requirements, and crediting learning from appropriate 
military training and experiences. 

Teacher Certification for Non-Matriculated Students 

Lebanon Valley College offers teacher certification to a variety of special students: 
students with degrees from other colleges, or teachers seeking certification in other 
fields, or Lebanon Valley College alumni seeking certification for the first time. All 
students must present official transcripts of college work or their previous teacher 
certification to the registrar. The Education Department, the registrar and the 
appropriate academic department shall evaluate the record and recommend the 
appropriate course of action. A fee shall be charged for this service. 

Off -Campus Programs 

The college offers several off-campus experiences for which students may register 
and receive credit. 

Study Abroad 

Students have opportunity for study abroad through the college's membership in the 
International Student Exchange Program, which consists of a network of more than 
150 colleges and universities in 24 countries, and through the Lebanon Valley 
College in Cologne Program. Details are available from the associate academic 
dean. The college also assists students in locating and gaining admission to other 
foreign study programs; however participation in programs other than the Interna- 
tional Student Exchange Program may affect the level of financial aid provided. In 
all cases, the proposed course of study must be approved by the appropriate 
department. 



21 



Washington Semester Program 

Juniors and seniors in any major field, who have at least a 2.5 grade point average 
and have had basic courses in American national government, are eligible to 
participate in this program with approval of their department chairperson. This 
program is offered in cooperation with The American University in Washington, 
DC. Information is available from the chairperson of the Department of Political 
Science and Economics. 



22 



UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

General Education Program and Requirements 

Through the General Education Program, the college most directly expresses its 
commitment to the ideal of liberal education that underlies its statement of purpose. 
The program consists of three elements: Leadership Studies, the core, and distribu- 
tive requirements. The program's chief goals are to provide the essential foundation 
for the growth of knowledge and for making the connections between experience and 
learning. All degree students must complete the program outlined below. 

Leadership Studies 

In keeping with its commitment to fostering an understanding and enhancing the 
development of leadership the college requires all students to complete successfully 
a course in this area. 

Area 1. Leadership Studies. 3 credit hours. To introduce all students to theories of 
leadership and to analyze practical applications of those theories. LSP 100 or LSP 
1 1 1 (for Leadership Award students and other students as approved by the director 
of Leadership Programs). 

Core 

The college requires that all students successfully complete the following interdis- 
ciplinary courses: 

GED 120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of how life in 
the late Twentieth Century has been influenced by historical developments in Europe 
and America, including the growth of science, the rise of nation states, social classes 
and values, and changing views of the world. 3 credits. { Cross-listed as History 102. } 

GED 140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human behavior. 
The nature and definition of culture. The biological and social sources of culture. 
Culture, language, personality. The impact of culture on social life and on the 
individual; examples from Western and non- Western sources. 3 credits. 

GED 160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrelationships 
among the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus content. Art as the 
product of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 



23 



Distributive Requirements 

By requiring students to study a variety of academic areas the distribution require- 
ment encourages each student to acquire an understanding of the broad spectrum of 
ideas and patterns of thinking that constitute the liberal arts. No course taken pass/ 
fail or required for the first major may be used to meet the distribution requirement. 
Mathematics and computer science majors are exempt from the requirements of 
Area 3. 

Area 2. Communications. 6 credit hours. To develop effective speaking and writing 
skills. Two sequential courses in English composition. ENG 1 1 1 , 1 12, or HON 201 . 

Area 3. Mathematics and Computers. 3-6 credit hours. To understand mathematics 
as a way of thinking and as a tool for problem solving. One integrated mathematics/ 
computer course (MAS 100) or one mathematics course and one computer course. 
Eligible courses are ACT/ECN/MGT233, CSC 125 or 170plus one from MAS 111, 
150, 161, 170. MAS 100 fulfills entire requirement. 

Area 4. Foreign Language. 6 credit hours. To gain perspective on the role of 
language in human affairs. Two sequential courses in a foreign language (or 
exemption by examination). All foreign language courses numbered 101, 102,201, 
202 are eligible. 

Area 5. Historical and Cultural Contexts. 6 credit hours. To establish and explore the 
nature of human society. GED 120 and GED 140; or HON 202. 

Area 6. Science and Technology. 1 - 8 credit hours. To discover scientific principles 
and discuss related moral and ethical questions. Two laboratory courses in biology, 
chemistry, physics or psychology (the two courses need not be in the same science). 
Eligible courses are BIO 101, 102, 111, 112, CHM 100, 111, 112, 113, 114, PHY 
100, 103, 104, 111, 112,orPSY 120. 

Area 7. Aesthetic Experience. 6 credit hours. To learn to appreciate works of art and 
gain insight into creative process. GED 160 and one course in art, music or literature. 
Eligible courses are ART 110, 201, 203, ENG 200,227,228, FRN 311, 312, GMN 
311, 312, MSC 100, 341, 342, SPA 311, 312; or HON 204. 

Area 8. Values, Persons and World Views. 6 credit hours. To explore the relationship 
between world views and value systems. Two courses in religion or philosophy (the 
two courses need not be in the same discipline). PHL 110, 160, 230, 240, REL 110, 
111, 112, 120, 140, 222; or HON 203. 

24 



Area 9. Physical Activity. 2 credit hours. To develop an interest in physical activity 
as a part of total fitness. Two courses in physical education involving conditioning 
or life-long sports. Any physical education course is eligible. 

The Leadership Program 

Leadership Studies are a vital component of the education of every Lebanon Valley 
College student. In addition to the priority on leadership in various disciplinary 
courses, an interdisciplinary course involving the study of leadership theories and 
processes (LSP 1 00 or LSP 1 1 1 ) is required as part of the General Education program 
for all students. Beyond these basics, Lebanon Valley offers three advanced courses 
in Leadership Studies. 

The Leadership Studies Scholar Program provides a thorough grounding in the 
fundamentals of leadership, in both theory and application. This program consists of 
a four-course sequence spread over the four years of undergraduate study. None of 
these courses may be taken Pass/Fail. 

The Leadership Studies Scholar Program is available to all students in the college 
who wish to continue their study of leadership, both to broaden their understanding 
of leadership theories and processes and to increase their self-awareness in their roles 
as leaders and followers. 

The Leadership Studies Scholar Program seeks to achieve the following outcomes 
for all participating students: 

1 . An understanding of the theories and models of leadership. 

2. Knowledge of how people in diverse social and cultural contexts 
haveassumed leadership roles and performed as leaders. 

3. A critical awareness of how ethics and values help determine whether 
responsible leadership or mere manipulation (the irresponsible use of 
power and authority) will occur. 

4. Increased self-awareness and understanding of how a person's behav- 
ior affect relationships in leader/follower situations. 

5. Awareness and appreciation of the responsibilities and difficulties 
inherent in leadership. 

6. Enhanced potential to assume a role as leader or responsible follower 
within a group, organization or community. 



25 



Leadership Studies Scholar Program 

LSP 100 or LSP 1 1 1; Ethics: REL 222, PHL 160, or HON 202; LSP 350 and LSP 

400. 

Leadership Studies Courses 

100, 111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. Theories and 
concepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their practical applications. 
Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, communication skills, conflict 
resolution, motivation, decision-making, values clarification, self-assessment, and 
ethics. Prerequisite: For LSP 1 1 1 permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of the ethical 
and valuational questions that reside at the core of both leadership and leadership 
theories. Prerequisite: LSP 100 or 1 1 1. 3 credits. 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership as exempli- 
fied in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other cultures and assessment 
of the student's own leadership style are also included. Prerequisite: LSP 100 or 1 1 1 ; 
PHL 160 or REL 222. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LSP 350. 3-12 credits. 

Faculty: 

Daniel B. McKinley, director of leadership studies. 

Assistant professor of leadership studies. 

M.A., University of Maryland. M.A.L.S., Wesley an University. 

Mr. McKinley maintains an interest in small group development and offers leadership 

labs for communication skills development. 

Leon E. Markowicz, professor of leadership studies. 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

He teaches courses in the Leadership Studies Program and assists in developing and 

coordinating leadership internships. He serves local business as a communications 

consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of the Pennsylvania Writing Project and is 

active in the Lancaster-Lebanon Writing Council. 

Honors Program 

The honors program is designed for superior students who are keenly motivated to 
expand their intellectual horizons, develop their originality and curiosity, and 
challenge their intellectual abilities. 

26 



The program seeks to sharpen critical and analytical thinking, develop verbal and 
written expression, encourage intellectual independence, and foster sensitive and 
informed investigation of human values. 

To achieve these goals, the program offers a demanding, stimulating and integrated 
alternative to the general requirements of the college. 

Entering students and first semester freshman are selected on the basis of interviews 
and scholastic records. 

Requirements: Students graduate with college honors after they have completed the 
honors program with a 3.0 grade point average or better overall and in the honors 
courses. 

Honors Courses 

201. Honors Communication. Writing and speaking clear, grammatical and 
articulate English. Listening and reading well. Searching information sources and 
applying those sources ethically. Analyzing and drawing conclusions. 3 credits. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of society, 
their origins, and their impact upon human values. Emphasis on the interaction of the 
individual and the socio-cultural environment. Evaluation of the approaches of the 
various social sciences. 6 credits. 

203. Human Existence and Transcendence. A close examination of questions and 
issues pertaining to human existence and the ways in which mankind has attempted, 
religiously and philosophically, to rise above the conditions of human existence. 
This course seeks to describe and examine the commonalties and differences 
between religion and philosophy as each discipline addresses itself to existence and 
transcendence. 6 credits. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, music, and plastic 
art, designed to acquaint students with functions, values and aesthetic and cultural 
contexts of art, as well as to enhance their response to art works. 6 credits. 

Honors Seminars 

The honors seminars are intensive studies of topics offered for junior and senior 
honors students. The honors students choose the topics for the seminars, help select 
the instructors and assist in the design of the seminars with the instructors. Each 
participant in the honors program shall complete two honors seminars. 



27 



Honors Independent Study 

An independent study project, the capstone of the honors program, provides the 
opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the student's own design. 
The project, overseen by a faculty member, must be approved by the Honors 
Director. When acceptable to an academic department such independent study may 
serve as the basis for departmental honors. Upon completion, the project will be 
presented publicly. 3 credits. 

Graduation Requirements 

In addition to the honors program and major requirements, honors students take: one 
leadership course; two (2) one-semester courses in science; two (2) sequential 
courses in a foreign language or exemption by examination or one foreign language 
course at the 300 level; a one-semester integrated course in mathematics and 
computer science (MAS 100) or one course in mathematics and one course in 
computer science; and two (2) courses in physical education. 

Cooperative Programs 

Allied Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College has established a cooperative program ("2+2") with 
Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, Pa. for students interested in the allied 
health professions. The college of Allied Health Sciences of Thomas Jefferson 
University offers baccalaureate programs in cytotechnology/cytogenetics, dental 
hygiene, diagnostic imaging (radiography/ultrasound), medical technology, and 
occupational therapy, and also offers an entry-level master's program in physical 
therapy. 

Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley College taking required courses in the 
basic sciences and other disciplines. During the second year, application is made to 
Thomas Jefferson University. Admission to Thomas Jefferson University is not 
automatic, and depends upon the academic record, recommendations and an inter- 
view. If accepted, the student spends two years (three years for physical therapy) at 
Thomas Jefferson University taking professional and clinical courses. Upon suc- 
cessful completion of the program, the student is awarded a baccalaureate degree (or 
master, for physical therapy) by Thomas Jefferson University. 

Lebanon Valley College also maintains a cooperative program with Hahnemann 
University in Philadelphia for students interested in medical technology ("2+3"). 
Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley and three years at Hahnemann 
University. The program at Hahnemann University combines both classroom/ 

28 






laboratory study and off-campus salaried work experience. Admission procedures 
are similar to those described above. Upon successful completion of this program, 
the student is awarded the baccalaureate degree by Hahnemann University. 

Engineering 

In the cooperative "3+2" engineering program a student earns a B.S. degree from 
Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of engineering from 
another institution. Lebanon Valley has cooperative agreements with Case Western 
Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; 
and Widener University, Chester, Pa. Students who pursue this cooperative 
engineering program take three years of work at Lebanon Valley College and then 
usually take two additional years of work in engineering. 

Forestry and Environmental Studies 

Students completing a three-year program at Lebanon Valley College studying the 
liberal arts and the sciences basic to forestry and environmental sciences may apply 
for admission to the cooperative forestry program with Duke University, Durham, 
N.C. Upon completion of the first year of the two-year (plus one summer) program 
at Duke University, the student will receive the Bachelor of Science degree from 
Lebanon Valley College. After completion of the program at Duke, the student will 
receive the professional degree of Master of Forestry (M.F.) or Master of Envi- 
ronmental Management (M.E.M.) from Duke University. Students may major in 
biology, economics, political science, or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

For specific program requirements in forestry, see page 90. For those in environmen- 
tal studies, see page 89. 

Medical Technology and Nuclear Medicine Technology 
The student spends three years at Lebanon Valley College taking courses to fulfill 
the requirements of the college and of the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical 
Laboratory Sciences. Before or during the third year of the program, the student 
applies to a hospital with a CAHEA approved school of medical technology where 
he/she spends the fourth year in training. Admission is not automatic and depends 
upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. Upon satisfactorily 
completing the clinical year, the student is awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science 
in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley College. The college is affiliated with the 
following hospitals: Sacred Heart Hospital (in Allentown), Harrisburg Hospital, 
Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg, Jersey Shore Medical Center-Fitkin 
Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, and Reading Hospital and Medical Center. 
However, the student is not limited to these affiliations and may seek acceptance at 



29 



other approved hospitals. (Refer to the Allied Health Professions section for 
additional programs in medical technology.) 

The college offers a program for students interested in nuclear medicine technology 
("3+1"). The college is affiliated with the schools of nuclear medicine technology at 
the University of Virginia Medical Center and J.F. Kennedy Medical Center, Edison, 
NJ. Admission is not automatic and depends upon the academic record, recommen- 
dations and an interview. Application may also be made to other accredited 
programs. Upon successful completion of the program, students are awarded the 
baccalaureate degree by Lebanon Valley College. 

UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS OF STUDY 

Internships 

An internship is a practical and professional work experience that allows students to 
participate in the operations of business, industry, education, government, or not for 
profit organizations. Internships provide students with the opportunity to integrate 
their classroom learning with on the job experience. Students test the practical 
application of their liberal arts learning in a variety of professional, service, and 
occupational settings. 

For one semester hour of credit, the intern should invest at least 45 clock hours of time 
in the internship. The internship essentially involves a contract between the student, 
the faculty adviser, and the on-site internship supervisor. In addition to the practical 
on-site experience, internships typically require special readings, reports, journals 
and faculty conferences. Students may enroll for three to twelve credit hours of 
internship in any one semester. A maximum of fifteen credit hours in internships may 
be used towards the graduation requirements. All internships have a course number 
of 400. 

Additionally, elementary education and secondary education majors are required to 
complete successfully a student teaching field experience. Hotel management 
majors are also required to complete successfully three supervised field experiences 
for a total of 9 credits. There are no internships in art, music, or philosophy. 

The next page has a summary of departmental internship policies. 



30 





Eligible 




Hours per 


Other 


Discipline 


Students 


Prerequisite 


Semester 


Requirements 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.75 GPA 


Actuarial Science 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 




American Studies 






3-6 




Biochemistry 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.00 GPA 


Biology 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-4 




Chemistry 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.00 GPA 


Computer Science 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 




Economics 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.75 GPA 


English 


Communication? 
Majors only 




1-12 




French 






1-12 




German 






1-12 




History 






3-6 




Intl. Business 


Jr/Sr Major 






2.75 GPA 


Leadership Studies 




LSP350 


3-12 




Management 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.75 GPA 


Mathematics 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 




Physics 






1-12 




Political Science 




PSC 111, 112 


1-12 




Psychobiology 


Jr/Sr Major 


PSY 100 or 120 


1-12 




Psychology 


Jr/Sr Major 


PSY 100 or 120 


1-12 




Religion 






1-6 




Social Work 




SWK341or342 
and permission of 
instructor 


3-12 


2.20 GPA and 
40 hr. vol. 


Sociology 




Permission of 
instructor 


3-6 


18 credits in 
Sociology 


Sound Recording 




RCT 388 and 487 


4 





Technology 
Spanish 



1-12 



Independent Study 



Independent study provides students with an opportunity to undertake a program of 
supervised reading, research, or specialized teaching methods, usually on subjects 
not incorporated in existing formal courses. Independent Study shall not be used to 
approximate an existing course for a single student or to cover projects more 
properly described as internships. 

For one semester hour of credit, the independent study student should invest at least 
45 clock hours of time in reading, research, or report writing. The independent study 
essentially involves a contract between the student and the faculty adviser. 

31 



Students may enroll for one to nine credit hours of independent study in any one 
semester. A maximum of nine credit hours in independent study may be used toward 
the graduation requirements. All independent studies have a course number of 500. 
The following is a summary of departmental independent study policies. 





Eligible 




Hours per 


Discipline 


Students 


Prerequisite 


Semester 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Actuarial Science 






1-3 


American Studies 






1-9 


Biochemistry 




CHM311,312 


2-3 


Biology 






1-9 


Chemistry 






1-9 


Computer Science 






1-9 


Economics 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Education 






1-3 


Elementary Education 






1-3 


English 






1-3 


French 




FRN316 


1-6 


German 






1-6 


History 






1-3 


International Business 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Leadership Studies 


Jr/Sr Major 


LSPlOOorlll 


3-15 


Management 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Mathematics 






1-6 


Music 


Jr/Sr Major 


2.50 GPA and a 
contract instructor 
and student 


1-3 


Philosophy 






1-3 


Physics 






1-3 


Political Science 






1-3 


Psychobiology 






1-9 


Psychology 




PSY 100 or 120 


1-6 


Religion 






1-3 


Social Work 


Jr/Sr Major 


2.50 GPA and a 
contract between 
instructor and student 


1-3 


Sociology 


Jr/Sr Major 


2.50 GPA and a 
contract instructor 
and student 


1-3 


Sound Recording 


Senior Major 


2.50 GPA and a 


1-3 


Technology 




contract instructor 
and student 





Spanish 



1-6 



32 



There are no independent study courses in art and hotel management. 

Tutorial Study 

Tutorial study provides students with a special opportunity to take an existing formal 
course in the curricula that is not scheduled that semester or summer session. 
Students desiring a tutorial study must have an appropriate member of the faculty 
agree to supervise the study on a one on one basis. 

For one semester hour of credit, the student should invest at least 45 clock hours of 
time in the tutorial study. The tutorial study essentially involves a contract between 
the student and the faculty adviser. The typical tutorial study involves readings, 
research, report writing, faculty conferences, and examinations. All tutorial study 
courses have the same course number as the existing formal catalog course. 

Special Topics Courses 

From time to time, departments may offer Special Topics courses using the 
following course numbers: 290-298, 390-398, and 490-498. Special Topics courses 
are formal courses that are not listed permanently in the curricula and that are offered 
infrequently. These courses examine comparatively narrow subjects that may be 
topical or special interest. Several different topics may be taught in one semester or 
academic year. A specific course title shall be used in each instance and shall be so 
noted on the student record. 

Department of Art 

The Art Department, through course work and the minor program, provides an 
opportunity for creative expression and a richer understanding of accomplishments 
in the visual arts. 

No major is offered in art. For the minor and course descriptions, see page 71. 

Faculty: 

Richard A. Iskowitz, associate professor of art. Chairperson. 

M.FA., Kent State University. 

He teaches art history, aesthetics and studio and is director of the Mund Center art 

exhibits. Professor Iskowitz' special interest is photography, and his work is 

exhibited frequently in juried competition. 



33 



Marie F. Riegle, lecturer in art. 

M.FA., The Pennsylvania State University. 

Her teaching interests are art history, printmaking, painting and drawing. 

R. Gordon Wise, adjunct professor of art. 

Ed.D., University of Missouri. 

Dr. Wise is a Professor of Art at Millersville University and specializes in art 

education. 

Department of Biology 

The aims of the program for biology majors are: 

(1) to provide a thorough understanding of the principles of biology and background 
in disciplines basic to biology; 

(2) to develop skills in the application of the scientific method and in the retrieval 
and communication of technical information; 

(3) to train students for employment at the baccalaureate level and to provide 
preparation for those interested in graduate, professional and medical programs. 

The department offers a major program in biology, and joint majors in biochemistry 
and psychobiology. For the major and course descriptions in biology, see page 73. 
For those in psychobiology, see page 129. 

For Cooperative Programs, see page 28. 

Faculty: 

Dale J. Erskine, associate professor of biology. 
Ph.D., University of Oklahoma. 

He teaches animal physiology, introduction to immunology, human biology, and 
participates in general biology. He believes in introducing his students to a wide 
range of laboratory experiences including modern instrumentation and computer- 
assisted data collection. His research interests are in temperature regulation and 
thermal tolerance, heat energy budgets, and computer analysis and simulation of 
animal-environment interactions. He is also director of the Summer Youth Scholars 
Institute. 

Sidney Pollack, professor of biology. 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

He teaches courses in genetics, microbiology, human biology, and general biology. 



34 



He is the academic adviser for students preparing for the allied health professions. 
His research interests include Paramecium genetics. 

Susan Verhoek, professor of biology. 
Ph.D., Cornell University. 

She teaches plant form and function at the general biology level, and form, 
interrelationships and systematics of non-vascular and vascular plants at the advanced 
level. Her research is on the pollination biology and systematics of members of the 
Agave family. A past president of the Society for Economic Botany, she has a long- 
standing interest in the interactions of plants and humans, and, as author of a field 
identification book, a continuing interest in plants that flower in the spring. 

Stephen E. Williams, professor of biology. 
Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis. 

He teaches molecular biology, plant physiology and the biochemical portions of 
general biology. He is a plant and cell physiologist who, working together with 
Lebanon Valley College students and scientists at other institutions, has made most 
of the major contributions to the understanding of the physiology of carnivorous 
plants during the past twenty years, including the discovery of the mechanism of 
Venus flytrap closure. He has over five years of experience automating laboratory 
instruments with microcomputers. 

Paul L. Wolf, professor of biology. Chairperson. 
Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

He teaches courses in general biology, comparative vertebrate anatomy, and ecol- 
ogy. His research interests focus on the ecology of wetlands with particular emphasis 
on the saltmarshes of Eastern United States and Nova Scotia. He also holds the 
position of Adjunct Professor of Marine Biology in the College of Marine Studies, 
University of Delaware. 

Allan F. Wolfe, professor of biology. 

Ph.D., University of Vermont. 

He teaches comparative histology, developmental biology, invertebrate zoology, 

general biology, and parasitology, and directs independent study in cell biology 

using electron microscopic and histological techniques. His current research utilizes 

the brine shrimp, Artemia, to study the cell and tissue levels of organization of the 

digestive, reproductive, and neurosensory systems. 

Anna F. Tilberg, lecturer in biology. 

BA., University of Pennsylvania. 

She is on the staff of the Milton Hershey Medical Center and teaches human biology. 

35 



Department of Chemistry 

Chemistry is the "central science" that provides the fundamental understanding 
needed for protecting our environment, maximizing the yield from limited natural 
resources, improving our health, and creating new materials for tomorrow's prod- 
ucts. Indeed, chemistry is essential to understanding life itself. 

Career opportunities in chemistry are numerous and diverse. Many students enter 
industrial or governmental laboratories where they find positions in environmental 
analysis, quality control, or research and development. Possibilities outside of the 
laboratory include teaching, sales, marketing, technical writing, business, and law. 
Many chemistry students continue their education in graduate school in chemistry 
or biochemistry, or in professional schools in the areas of medicine, dentistry, or 
veterinary medicine. 

At Lebanon Valley College the Department of Chemistry is located on the upper two 
floors of the Garber Science Center. Major scientific equipment available to students 
includes a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer, a liquid scintillation counter, 
a fourier transform infrared spectrometer, a high performance liquid chromato- 
graphic system, a diode-array UV-visible spectrophotometer, a gas chromatograph- 
mass spectrometer, and an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Computers avail- 
able to students in the deptartment include Apple Macintosh, and IBM- compatible 
machines. 




Professors and students work 
with the latest state-of-the- 
art scientific equipment. 



36 



The department encourages students to discover the excitement and challenge of 
laboratory research. Research programs are conducted during both the academic 
year and the summer. Students are paid for summer research either from college 
funds or from grants that professors receive to support their projects. 

Two degrees are available to those interested in chemistry, and one for those 
interested in biochemistry. The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is the more 
demanding of the two degrees in chemistry, and is recognized by the American 
Chemical Society. This degree has a required research component and is recom- 
mended for students who wish to become practicing chemists or enroll in graduate 
school. Other students opt for the standard Bachelor of Science, majoring in 
chemistry. 

For the major programs and course descriptions in Chemistry, see page 76. 

The major in biochemistry is offered jointly with the Biology Department. For the 
major program and course descriptions in biochemistry, see page 72. 

Faculty: 

Richard D. Cornelius, professor of chemistry. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of Iowa; postdoctoral research, University of Wisconsin. 

Inorganic Chemistry. Professor Cornelius works at the border of inorganic chemistry 

and biochemistry. He has interests both in the fundamental mechanisms of phosphoryl 

transfer reactions and in the development of platinum compounds that hold promise 

for anti-cancer activity. He and his students synthesize new compounds containing 

phosphates and study the rates of reactions of these compounds. He also has earned 

a national reputation for his work with computers in chemical education. 

Donald B. Dahlberg, associate professor of chemistry. 
Ph.D., Cornell University; postdoctoral work, University of Toronto. 
Physical chemistry and chemometrics. Dr. Dahlberg does research in the application 
of multivariate statistics to chemical problems. He is also an industrial consultant 
in this area. He is presently studying the use of chemometrics and Fourier transform 
infrared spectroscopy in the analysis of edible oils. Food manufacturers must 
perform dozens of expensive and time-consuming analyses to guarantee the quality 
of their products. Through the use of modern chemical instrumentation and 
sophisticated mathematical techniques, it may be possible to replace these tests with 
just one. 



37 



Owen A. Moe Jr., professor of chemistry. 
Ph.D., Purdue University; postdoctoral study, Cornell University. 
Biochemistry. Professor Moe is interested in applying the array of new techniques 
in biotechnology to practical problems. He is currently working on the use of 
immobilized enzymes for the synthesis of bio-organic compounds. Processes that he 
is developing are designed to use stable, inexpensive polyphosphates for the 
regeneration of ATP. ATP regeneration is a required, but currently an expensive, 
step in the use of enzyme reactors for organic synthesis. 

Stephen R. Sexsmith, assistant professor of chemistry. 

Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton. 

Organic Chemistry. Professor Sexsmith is interested in the interaction of main-group 

and transition metal organometallic compounds as it relates to Ziegler- Natta 

polymerization catalysts. Of specific interest are the reactions of organoaluminum 

compounds with zero-valent nickel species. He is also interested in utilizing 

organometallic compounds in the study of coal liquefaction. 

H. Anthony Neidig. professor and chairperson emeritus. 
Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

Recipient of the Chemical Manufacturers' Association College Chemistry Teacher 
Award in 1970 and the E. Emmet Reid Award for excellence in teaching in a small 
college in 1978. Professor Neidig 's pursuits include the development and publica- 
tion of laboratory experiments for introductory chemistry. 

Department of Education 

The Department of Education prepares students for both elementary and secondary 
teaching. 

The Education Department is committed to preparing elementary education majors 
who have a thorough grounding in the disciplines they will teach within the context 
of a strong liberal arts foundation. The program includes intensive training in the 
content and methodologies of all elementary school subjects. 

The field-centered component in the program provides extensive and carefully 
sequenced opportunities to work with teachers and children in a variety of school 
settings during all four years of preparation for teaching. Majors spend an average 
of two hours per week each semester in various public school classrooms, observing 
teachers and children, aiding, tutoring, providing small-group and whole-class 
instruction, and completing tasks on increasingly challenging levels of involvement. 
Seniors spend the fall semester in full-time student teaching with cooperating 

38 



teachers who have been carefully chosen for that role. Additional opportunities are 
provided for our students to work in nursery schools, child care centers, Head Start 
programs, middle schools, and in classes for exceptional children. 

Students pursuing secondary teacher certification are prepared for teaching by 
completing an intensive program in the departmental major(s) of their choice in 
conjunction with a carefully sequenced professional education component within 
the Education Department. Both the major program and the professional education 
component are completed within the context of a strong foundation in the liberal arts. 

Departmental majors may seek certification in biology, chemistry, English, French, 
German, Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies. 

Opportunities are provided candidates to observe and to teach in junior high and high 
school settings prior to the full-time student teaching semester. Cooperating teachers 
are selected through a process involving college faculty, public school personnel, 
and the student teachers, thus assuring the most beneficial placements possible. 

Dual certification, at both the elementary and secondary levels, or in more than one 
secondary area, is possible; however, such certification requires meticulous atten- 
tion to scheduling and often requires additional semesters. 

Post-baccalaureate certification is also available for those who wish to become 
elementary or secondary school teachers or for those already certified who want to 
add elementary or secondary education to an existing certificate. 



The Education Department is intent 
on preparing well-rounded and 
qualified graduates who will exer- 
cise genuinely professional and per- 
sonal leadership roles in the schools 
and communities where they will 
work. 

The major and course descriptions 
in Elementary Education are on page 
83. The program and course descrip- 
tions in Secondary Education are on 
page 135. The descriptions of courses 
in Education are on page 83. 




Students prepare for student teaching. 



39 



Faculty: 

Susan L. Atkinson, associate professor of education. 
Ed.D., Temple University. 

She teaches educational methods courses in mathematics, science, social studies, 
and language arts, plus courses in the social, historical, and philosophical founda- 
tions of education and physical geography. She coordinates field practica in the 
public schools and supervises student teachers. Her research interests are in the area 
of matching student/teacher learning styles to increase academic achievement. She 
holds Pennsylvania certifications in Elementary Education, English Second Lan- 
guage, Special Education, and Library Science. Her areas of interest include 
multidisciplined curricula, classroom management, leadership strategies, and early 
childhood education. She believes in exposing her students to the "real world" of 
teaching through extensive hands-on educational activities and experiences. She is 
the adviser for the college's professional teaching organization, which includes 
secondary, elementary, and music education majors. 

Michael A. Grella, professor of education. Chairperson. 
Ed.D., West Virginia University. 

He teaches courses in children's literature, reading, the language arts, social studies, 
early childhood education, and exceptional children. He coordinates early field 
practica in the public schools and supervises student teachers. He serves as the 
department's chief liaison with public school personnel and with the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education. He maintains a special interest in the acquisition of 
literacy at the primary grade levels and in learning disabilities. 

Dale E. Summers, assistant professor of education. 

Ed.D., Ball State University. 

He teaches courses in educational foundations, secondary school curricula and 

methodologies, and adolescent development. He serves as supervisor of student 

teachers and as coordinator of pre-student teaching field experiences. He maintains 

a particular interest in special education for the emotionally disturbed at both the 

elementary and secondary level. 

Department of English 

The major in English introduces students to the humanistic study of literature or to 
the humanistic practice of writing. While English majors may choose to concentrate 
in literature, communications or secondary education, the basis for all concentra- 
tions is the systematic and analytic study of literature. All majors also learn clear, 
concise, and coherent expression as well as effective collection, organization, and 
presentation of material. Such study prepares the student for more advanced work in 

40 



many fields. Graduates of the Department of English are prepared to work in 
journalism, teaching, editing, public relations, publishing, advertising, government, 
industry, the ministry, and law. 

The English Department offers a major program with concentrations in literature, 
communications, and secondary education, as well as minors in both literature and 
communications. For program and course descriptions, see page 86. 

Faculty: 

Philip Billings, professor of English. 

Ph.D., Michigan State University. 

He teaches courses in contemporary literature and aesthetics as well as creative 

writing. His publications include poems in various magazines and two books of 

poems based on people living in the region. 

Phylis Dryden, assistant professor of English. 
D.A., State University of New York at Albany. 

She is a specialist in composition theory, linguistics, and American Studies and has 
experience in journalism and in industry. She publishes poetry, fiction, and non- 
fiction and has recently studied in an NEH Summer Seminar at Boston College. 

Arthur L. Ford, professor of English. 

Ph.D., Bowling Green State University. 

He has published books on several American authors, including Thoreau and Cree- 

ley, and articles on composition theory and the computer in composition. Recent 

Fulbright lectureships in Syria and China have resulted in several research projects. 

John Kearney, professor of English. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 

He is a nineteenth century British literature scholar working on a book on Dickens, 

who also teaches technical writing and directs the department internship program. 

Gary Grieve-Carlson, assistant professor of English. 

Ph.D., Boston University. 

He has taught at the University of Tennessee and Virginia Technical University as 

well as a Fulbright Junior Lecturer in Germany. His field is American literature on 

which he has published several articles. 

Anne R. Higginbottom, assistant professor of English. 
M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton. 



41 



In her doctoral dissertation on play in modem women's fiction and in her courses she 
is interested in new voices in literature. She has also served as adviser to the Black 
Culture Club. 

Marie Bongiovanni, assistant professor of English. 

M.BA., Drexel University. 

Experienced in journalism and business, she teaches management communications, 

editing and journalism. She recently completed a summer writing program at 

Bennington College. 

Agnes O'Donnell, professor emerita of English. 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

Glenn Woods, associate professor emeritus of English. 
M.Ed., Temple University. 

Kevin Pry, adjunct assistant professor of English. 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University. 

Dramaturge for local theater companies; he teaches Dramatic Literature, Theater 

Workshop, and World Literature. 

Carole Bitts, adjunct lecturer in English. 

B.S.,Millersville University. 

Community Services Director at WGAL-TV, Lancaster. Teaches Radio and TV 

Writing. 

Department of Foreign Languages 

The study of a foreign language has three aims: to develop fluency in the basic 
communication skills, to provide an understanding of the cultural heritage of the 
people who use the language, and to understand language as the fundamental 
medium by which humankind thinks and interacts. 

The Department of Foreign Languages prepares the language major for a career in 
a variety of fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service, foreign trade, 
business and social service. For many of these careers the study of a foreign language 
is often combined with majors in other disciplines. 

The Department encourages students to avail themselves of the college's opportu- 
nities for foreign travel and study, including the International Student Exchange 
Program. 

42 



The Department of Foreign Languages offers majors in French, German, and 
Spanish, and in Foreign Language, as well as minors in the three languages. In 
addition, coursework, but no major or minor, is offered in Greek and Japanese. The 
department also offers the major in International Business jointly with the Manage- 
ment Department. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in French are on page 90. Those in German 
are on page 93. Those in Spanish are on page 141 . The major in Foreign Languages 
and the descriptions of general courses in foreign language are on page 90. The 
course descriptions in Greek are on page 95. The course descriptions in Japanese are 
on page 103. The major in International Business is on page 103. 

Faculty: 

Susan L. Egner, instructor in Spanish. 

M.A., Middlebury College. 

She teaches the beginning level Spanish courses and is interested in pursuing 

Teaching Methodology at post graduate level. 

Diane M. Iglesias, professor of Spanish. Chairperson. 
Ph.D., City University of New York. 

She teaches courses in Spanish language, and in Spanish and Latin American culture, 
civilization and literature. She has presented research papers in medieval balladry 
and the theater of the Spanish Golden Age at scholarly conferences. Her current 
research is in the area of the modern Latin American novel. She is particularly 
interested in the concept of "magical realism" as it applies to the works of Gabriel 
Garcia Marquez. 

James W. Scott, professor of German. 
Ph.D., Princeton University. 

He teaches the language, literature and culture of German speaking areas. One 
continuing scholarly interest is medieval hagiography. His recent research and 
writing has focused on contemporary German literature and film. Past summers 
have taken him to Bonn on a Fulbright grant, to the Carl Duisberg Institute to study 
business German and to Leipzig to attend a seminar on the German Democratic 
Republic. He serves as secretary-treasurer of the Central Pennsylvania Association 
of Teachers of German and coordinates their annual testing program for high school 
students. 

Joelle L. Stopkie, assistant professor of French. 
Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College. 



43 



She is a member of the American Association of Teachers of French (AATF), and 
the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) and also Phi 
Sigma Iota, the National Foreign Language Honor Society. 

Department of History and American Studies 

By examining human behavior in the past, the study of history can help people better 
understand themselves and others. Students of history also learn how to gather and 
analyze information and present their conclusions in clear, concise language. 

An undergraduate degree in history or American Studies can lead to a career in 
teaching at the college or high school level, law, government, politics, the ministry, 
museum or library work, journalism or editing, historical societies and archives, 
private foundations, business, or a number of other professions. 

For the major, minor, and courses in history, see page 97. For those in American 
Studies, see page 70. 

Faculty: 

Howard L. Applegate, associate professor of history and American studies, secre- 
tary of the college. 
Ph.D., Syracuse University. 

He teaches American business history, American social history and American 
military history. His current research interest is the American automotive industry. 

James H. Broussard, professor of history, Chairperson. 

Ph.D., Duke University. 

He teaches American history and historiography. His research and publications 

concentrate on the Jefferson- Jackson era, the South, and American politics. He is 

also Executive Director of the Society for Historians of the Early American 

Republic. 

Donald E. Byrne Jr., professor of history and religion and 

director of American Studies Program. 

Ph.D., Duke University. 

His teaching centers on the history of Christianity and religion in America, and he 

participates in the Honors and Leadership Studies programs. His scholarship has 

focused on American folk religion; other interests include religion and literature, 

peace studies, and mysticism. 

Richard A. Joyce, associate professor of history. 

M.A., San Francisco State College. 

44 



He teaches ancient, medieval, and modem European history. He is particularly 
interested in social and intellectual history. 

The Department of Management 

The Department of Management offers programs leading to the bachelor of science 
degree in accounting, hotel management, management, and international business 
(jointly with Foreign Languages Department). The Department also offers a minor 
in hotel management. 

The Department's programs are designed to provide students with a sound, inte- 
grated knowledge of accounting and management principles, and related courses 
from supporting disciplines. The Department's programs are enhanced by the liberal 
arts and leadership studies core required of all students, and by the extensive 
application of computers in relevant courses. This interdisciplinary knowledge base 
is essential for assuming leadership and management positions in the changing 
world of the 1990s and beyond. 

Management students are provided with a common body of knowledge in close 
conformity with the national standards for the study of business administration as 
recommended by the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. As a 
result, our graduates are well prepared for admittance to M.B.A. programs. 

Opportunities are available for qualified and interested students to undertake an 
independent study project or an internship in consultation with a member of the 
Department faculty. 

The major and course descriptions in Accounting are on page 67; those in Hotel 
Management are on page 100; those in International Business are on page 103; and 
those in Management are on page 104. 

Faculty: 

Donald C. Boone, assistant professor of hotel management. 

M.BA., Michigan State University. 

He has 1 8 years of hotel industry experience and has taught several years in Hotel 

Management programs. Mr. Boone serves as Coordinator of the Hotel Management 

Program and teaches Hotel Management, Management and Accounting. 

Sharon F. Clark, associate professor of management. Chairperson. 
J.D., University of Richmond. 



45 



She has several years experience in private law practice and several years as a 
Supervisory Tax Attorney with the Internal Revenue Service. Dr. Clark teaches 
corporate income tax and a variety of management courses including Human 
Resource Management, Business Law, Labor and Industrial Relations, and Hotel 
Law. 

Robert W. Leonard, assistant professor of management. 

M.BA., The Ohio State University. 

Mr. Leonard teaches Managerial Finance, Principles of Management, Productions 

Operations Management, Organizational Behavior and Development, and Labor 

and Industrial Relations. 

Barney T. Raffield III, associate professor of management. 
Ph.D., Union Graduate School. 

Dr. Raffield teaches courses in Marketing, Business Policy, Advertising, Consumer 
Behavior, and International Business Management. He has just completed co- 
authoring a textbook on Marketing Management. 

Gail Sanderson, assistant professor of management. 

M.BA., Boston University. 

A C.P.A., Ms. Sanderson has professional experience in accounting (public and 

private sectors); income tax; computer systems analysis and design. Ms. Sanderson 

teaches Financial and Managerial Accounting, Cost Accounting, Individual Income 

Tax, Intermediate Accounting and Management Information Systems. 

Barbara S. Wirth, assistant professor of accounting. 

M.BA., Lehigh University. 

Ms. Wirth has worked in the public sector as a CPA for six years. Ms. Wirth teaches 

Auditing, Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting, Principles of Accounting, and 

Managerial Accounting. 

Robert W. Biddle Jr., adjunct assistant professor of hotel management. 

EdM., Pennsylvania State University. 

Mr. Biddle is Culinary Arts Instructor at Milton Hershey School. 

John R. Eby, adjunct assistant professor in accounting. 
BA., Lebanon Valley College. 



46 



Mr. Eby is President of Eby & Associates, Business Consultants, and has numerous 
years of experience in corporate and public accounting. He teaches Financial and 
Management Accounting. 

V. Carl Gacono, adjunct assistant professor of real estate. 

B.S., Susquehanna University. 

Mr. Gacono is a broker with Prudential Gacono Real Estate and past president of the 

Lebanon County Board of Realtors. He specializes in real estate education. 

Christine J. Rhoads, adjunct instructor in management. 

Ed.D. Lehigh University. 

Ms. Rhoads teaches Computer Applications in Business. 

Department of Mathematical Sciences 

The Lebanon Valley College Department of Mathematical Sciences has long 
offered a rigorous mathematics program within the context of a liberal arts educa- 
tion. Today an increasing national need for mathematically prepared individuals has 
made our program even more attractive. Computer scientists, secondary school 
mathematics and computer science teachers, college professors in mathematical 
sciences, actuaries, operations research analysts, and statisticians are in high and 
continuing demand. In addition, the mental discipline and problem solving abilities 
developed in the study of mathematics have long been recognized as excellent 
preparation for numerous and varied areas of work or study. 

The department offers majors in actuarial science, computer science, applied 
computer science, and in mathematics, and minors in computer science and in 
mathematics. 

Five students from this department have earned Fulbright Scholarships in recent 
years for graduate study abroad. Departmental graduates have earned Ph.D.s in 
physics, statistics and computer science as well as mathematics. Other graduates 
have completed law school. Many graduates are Fellows of the Society of Actuaries 
and the Casualty Actuarial Society. Regularly, more than a quarter of the Lebanon 
Valley students named to the Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities 
will be students from this department. 

Actuarial Science 

An actuary is a business professional who uses mathematical training to define, 



47 



analyze and solve financial and social problems. Actuaries are employed by 
insurance companies, consulting firms, large corporations, and the federal and state 
governments. The Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society establish 
and monitor the professional qualifications of actuaries through a series of rigorous 
examinations. 

The Actuarial Science program at Lebanon Valley College was established in the 
mid 1960s and is coordinated by Professor Hearsey, an Associate of the Society of 
Actuaries. Lebanon Valley College has nearly 100 alumni working in the actuarial 
profession. The coursework is selected to provide a foundation in mathematics, 
accounting and economics and to prepare students for courses 100- 150 of the Society 
of Actuaries syllabus and parts 1-4 of the Casualty Actuarial Society syllabus. A 
student may prepare for additional examinations through independent study. Leba- 
non Valley College is the only small, undergraduate, liberal arts college in North 
American with such an extensive actuarial science major. Lebanon Valley has had 
nearly 100% placement of actuarial science graduates with graduates employed by 
over 50 organizations. 

Computer Science 

In new facilities and with a wide range of available computer equipment, the 
department offers a flexible program in computer science. Two distinct majors offer 
opportunities and challenges for the theoretically minded, and for those whose 
interest are directed towards applications. 

The program in computer science was recently revised and all courses were modified 
to reflect the latest changes in the field, both in hardware and in software. The result 
is a compact sequence of courses of introductory material and in specialized 
advanced topics that allow immediate adaptation of the state of the art, and to the 
interests of the students. Particular attention is given to graphics and its application 
to fractals. 

Separate computer laboratories in the department and in the computer center allow 
the students liberal access to a large variety of microcomputers and to a DEC VAX 
system. An expanding network facilitates the use of major operating systems and 
allows experimentation with some of the latest computer communication devices. 

The department is the operating center of the Susquehanna Valley Chapter of the 
Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 

Mathematics 

The increasing role of technology in modern society and the broadening scope of the 



scientific paradigm have generated a growing need for mathematicians in business, 
industry and government. Also, the national goal of improving the mathematical 
competence of high school graduates has created a demand for teachers and 
professors in mathematics that will not subside for many years. A bright and 
rewarding future awaits anyone who chooses mathematics as his or her profession. 

The department continues its reputation of preparing its students for a variety of 
mathematical specialties by maintaining high standards of performance. A full roster 
of traditional courses, seminars, and independent study prepares our students for a 
career or graduate study. 

A group of core courses sets the foundations of mathematical knowledge and gives 
the student time to discover the direction of his or her interest. Advanced courses 
prepare the student for graduate study, the teaching profession, and a variety of 
careers in statistics, operations research, and research and development in industry 
and business. 

Close cooperation with other departments allows the student to also have a major or 
minor in another field so as to enhance the opportunities after graduation. 

The major and courses in actuarial science are on page 69. Those in computer science 
and applied computer science are on page 79. Those in mathematics are on page 1 08. 

Faculty: 

Michael D. Fry, associate professor of mathematical sciences. 

Ph.D., University of Illinois. 

Dr. Fry is president of the Susquehanna Valley Chapter of the Association for 

Computing Machinery, and is a member of the Executive Board of the Eastern 

Pennsylvania and Delaware Section of the Mathematical Association of America. 

His interests include geometry of fractals, mathematical computing, analysis of 

algorithms, graphics, and programming from machine language up. He teaches 

courses at all levels in computer science, statistics, upper level geometry and algebra, 

and other mathematics courses. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, professor of mathematical sciences. Coordinator, Actuarial 

Science Program. 

Ph.D., Washington State University. 

Dr. Hearsey is an Associate of the Society of Actuaries, and serves on two Society 

of Actuaries National Committees. He is a member of the Mathematical Association 

of America's Annual Junior High School Exam Committee. He teaches upper level 

actuarial science courses and a broad range of mathematics courses. 

49 



Thomas J. Liu, assistant professor of mathematical science. 
Ph.D., University of Illinois. 

Dr. Liu also has earned a M.S. each in Computer Science and in Engineering. His 
academic interests include compiler design, data structures, computer algorithms, 
software engineering, data base management, expert systems and computer applica- 
tions in engineering. He teaches a broad range of computer science courses and 
applied mathematics courses. 

Joerg W. P. Mayer, professor of mathematical sciences. 
Ph.D., University ofGiessen. 

Dr. Mayer has extensive experience in undergraduate and graduate teaching, and in 
government and industrial consulting. His publications range from mathematical 
research to educational philosophy, including numerous reviews in mathematical 
and computer sciences, and textbooks on algebraic topology and computer assembly 
language. His teaching interests lie in advanced mathematics and basic computer 
science. 

Horace W. Tousley, assistant professor of mathematical sciences. Chairperson. 
M.S.I.E. (OR), University of Alabama. 

Mr. Tousley is a career military logistician and operations research practitioner. He 
is interested in mathematical modeling, quantitative methods, and applications. He 
teaches operations research, selected upper division courses, and a broad range of 
other courses. 

Mark A. Townsend, associate professor of mathematical sciences. 

Ed.D., Oklahoma State University. 

Dr. Townsend is most interested in numerical analysis, applied mathematics, teacher 

education, and innovative methods for teaching mathematics to college students. He 

is a past recipient of LVC'sLindback Award for Distinguished Teaching. He teaches 

a wide range of mathematics courses, from freshman level courses for humanities 

and business majors to upper level courses for math majors. 

Timothy M. Dewald, adjunct lecturer in mathematical sciences. 

M.Div., Andover Newton Theological School. 

Rev. Dewald is interested in the history of mathematics and enjoys teaching students 

with "math anxiety". He teaches algebra and trigonometry, and the pre-calculus 

course, as well as the beginning and intermediate MS-DOS seminars for industry and 

the community under the Ben Franklin partnership. 



50 



James S. Hume, adjunct assistant professor of mathematical sciences. 

M.S., Virginia State College. 

Mr. Hume is an independent financial consultant. His teaching specialty is applied 

mathematics. 

Military Science Program 

The Military Science Program adds another dimension to a Lebanon Valley College 
liberal arts education by offering courses that develop a student's ability to organize, 
motivate, and lead others. 

Participation in military science courses during the freshman and sophomore years 
results in no military obligation. Courses during these years orient students on the 
various roles of Army officers. Specifically, these courses stress self- development: 
written and oral communication skills, leadership, bearing, and self-confidence. 

Individuals who elect to continue in the program during the junior and senior years 
shall receive a commission as a second lieutenant in the United States Army upon 
graduation. They shall be required to serve three months to four years in the active 
Army, depending upon the type of commission. 

Options are available for those individuals who encounter scheduling conflicts or 
who desire to begin participation after their freshman year. Contact the Professor of 
Military Science, Dickinson College, 717-245-1221, for further information. 

Program participants may take part in various enrichment activities during the 
academic year: rappelling, rifle qualification, cross-country skiing, white-water 
rafting, leadership exercises, land navigation, orientation trips, and formal social 
functions. Program participants may also apply for special training courses during 
the summer: airborne, air assault, and northern warfare schools. 

Financial Assistance: Books and equipment for military science courses and the 
ROTC program are provided free of charge to all cadets. However, all cadets do pay 
an activity fee of $20 per semester. All juniors and seniors in the ROTC program 
(Advanced Course) and scholarship cadets are paid a tax-free subsistence allowance 
of $100 per month and receive certain other benefits. 

Scholarships: Army ROTC scholarships based on merit are available. Recipients 
receive 80% tuition, academic fees, a semester allowance for books and supplies, and 
a $100 per month subsistence allowance. Cadets and other Lebanon Valley students 



51 



may compete for three-year (starts in sophomore year) scholarships. Recipients 
agree to a service obligation. For additional information, contact the Professor of 
Military Science, Dickinson College, 717-245-1221. 

Corresponding Studies Program: Students participating in an off-campus study 
program in the United States or abroad may continue participation in either the Army 
ROTC Basic Course or Advanced Course and receive the same course credit and 
benefits as a student enrolled in the on-campus program. Scholarship students also 
are eligible to participate in this program. 

Advanced Leadership Practicum: The practicum consists of a six-week summer 
training program at an Army installation that stresses the application of military 
skills to rapidly changing situations. Participants are evaluated on their ability to 
make sound decisions, to direct group efforts toward the accomplishment of 
common goals and to meet the mental and physical challenges presented to them. 
Completion of this practicum is required prior to commissioning and is normally 
attended between the junior and senior years. Participants receive room, board, travel 
expenses, medical care, and pay. 

The requirements and course descriptions in military science are on page 112. 

Faculty: 

Michael A. Casey, instructor in military science. 

BA., University of Notre Dame. Captain, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. 

Instructs fourth year Military Science. His assignments include command and staff 

positions in active duty and reserve forces Field Artillery units. 

Alfred T. Jelinek, instructor in military science. 

M.BA., Columbus College. Captain, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. 

Instructs third year Military Science and Tactics. His assignments include command 

and staff positions in active duty Field Artillery units. 

Thomas L. Oetjen, professor of military science. 

M.A., Middlebury College. Major, U.S. Army, Field Artillery. 

Assignments include command and staff positions in various Field Artillery units 

and German professor at U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y. 

Department of Music 

Students in the Department of Music may major in one of three areas: music, music 
education, or sound recording technology. Each student, regardless of major, is 

52 



required to take a core of courses in music theory and music history. Each student 
also completes additional course work particular to his/her area of interest. 

Music majors will exhibit proficiency at the piano and in voice, each to be determined 
by jury. Precise requirements for these proficiencies and the Recital Attendance 
requirement are found in the Department of Music Student Handbook. To prepare 
for proficiency juries, students can take MSC 510 and/or 520. Music majors will be 
in at least one major performing ensemble (identified as either Marching Band, 
Symphonic Band, Concert Choir, or Symphony Orchestra) each fall and spring 
semester. All students may earn up to 12 credits for ensemble participation. They 
will enroll in private study on their principal instrument/voice during each fall and 
spring semester (one -half hour of private instruction is included in the basic tuition). 

Students registered for private instruction in the department are not permitted to 
study in that instructional area on a private basis with another instructor, on or off 
campus, at the same time. 

The Bachelor of Arts in Music (B. A.) is designed for those students preparing for a 
career in music with a strong liberal arts background. All B. A. candidates will take 
an hour lesson per week (at the 540 level, included in tuition) in their principal 
performance medium. The Theory/Composition concentration students will take 
530 private applied and 530 individual composition each semester to fulfill this 
requirement. B.A. in Music students are expected to give a one-half junior recital, 
and a full senior recital. These are given in consultation with and at the recommen- 
dation of their private instructor and a pre-performance jury. Concentrations 
identified in the Department of Music Student Handbook include: Piano, Organ, 
Voice, Instrumental, Sacred Music, and Theory/Composition. 

The Bachelor of Science in Music Education (B.S.), approved by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education and accredited by the National Association of Schools of 
Music, is designed for the preparation of public school music teachers, kindergarten 
through grade twelve, instrumental and vocal. Piano and voice proficiencies for the 
music education major prepare the candidate to meet the standards of the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education and are administered by competency jury. Students 
participate in student teaching in area elementary and secondary schools. In all field 
experiences, as well as the student teaching semester, each student is responsible for 
transportation arrangements. During the student teaching semester, the candidate is 
not required to register for recital attendance, private lessons, or an ensemble. 

The Bachelor of Music: Emphasis in Sound Recording Technology (B.M.) is 



53 



designed for students who wish to gain theoretical and practical knowledge neces- 
sary for careers in the fields of audio production, radio, television, and film. 

For the majors in music, music education, music with emphasis in sound recording 
technology, the minor in music, and course descriptions in music, see page 1 12. 



Faculty: 

George D. Curfman, profes- 
sor of music education. 
Ed.D., Pennsylvania State 
University. 

He teaches music education 
methods courses and coordi- 
nates music student teaching. 
He serves as a consultant/clini- 
cian for the Pennsylvania Mu- 
sic Educators Association and 
advises the campus Pennsyl- 
vania Collegiate Music Educa- 
tion Association. 




The individual attention is one of the outstanding 
features of the music curriculum. 



Scott H. Eggert, associate 
professor of music. 
DMA., University of Kansas. 
He teaches music theory, com- 
position, music history, class and applied piano. He is active as a composer, and has 
premiered major works on and off campus. 

Klement M. Hambourg, associate professor of music. 

DMA., University of Oregon. 

He teaches applied violin and viola and courses in string methodology, coaches 

chamber ensembles and is the conductor of the College-Community Orchestra. He 

performs frequently in solo recitals, is a member of the Reading Symphony, and has 

conducted at the Allegheny Summer Festival of Music. 

Robert H. Hearson, assistant professor of music. 

Ed.D., University of Illinois. 

A low brass specialist, he teaches courses in instrumental music education and brass 

pedagogy, and supervises music student teaching activities. He is founder/director 



54 



of the LVC Summer Music Camp and host conductor/coordinator of the LVC 
Honors Band. He maintains a special interest in brass ensemble music, and is active 
as a performer, clinician, adjudicator, and guest conductor. 

Mark L. Mecham, associate professor of music. Chairperson. 

DMA., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 

His doctorate is in choral music, and he has experience in choral conducting, music 

education, and voice. Conductor of the LVC Conceit Choir and Chamber Choir, he 

also serves as adjudicator, clinician, and consultant. 

Philip G. Morgan, associate professor of music. 

M.S., Pittsburg State University (Kansas). 

He teaches applied voice with specialization in vocal technique, vocal pedagogy and 

vocal literature. He performs frequently in solo recitals, oratorios, and chamber 

recitals in the United States and Europe. He serves as vocal coach for HersheyPark's 

summer shows. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, 

assistant professor of music and director of special music programs. 

MM., Westminster Choir College. 

She teaches applied organ and piano, sacred music courses, and theory classes for the 

preparatory department. She performs frequently in solo organ and harpsichord 

recitals. 

C. Robert Rose, associate professor of music. 

DM., Indiana University. 

He teaches applied clarinet and courses in music theory, literature, orchestration, and 

woodwind methods. He conducts the Symphonic Band and maintains an active 

schedule as clarinetist in solo and chamber music recitals and as an instrumental 

conductor. 

Dennis W. Sweigart, associate professor of music. 

DMA., University of Iowa. 

He teaches applied piano and courses in keyboard harmony, form and analysis and 

piano pedagogy. He regularly performs as a soloist and as an accompanist. He serves 

as the faculty adviser to Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the men's music fraternity. 

Teresa R. Bowers, adjunct instructor in music. 

MM., Ohio State University. 

She teaches applied flute, double reeds, flute pedagogy, and conducts the flute 

ensemble. She is a member of Duo Francais, a flute-harp duo, and frequently appears 

as a recitalist and clinician. 

55 



Erwin P. Chandler, adjunct assistant professor of music. 

MM., Indiana University. 

He teaches applied horn and is active as a composer/arranger and conductor. 

James A. Erdman II, adjunct instructor in music. 

Retired solo trombonist "The Presidents Own" United States Marine Band, Wash- 
ington, D.C. He teaches low brass instruments and is founder and director of the LVC 
Low Brass Ensemble. He is active as a performer on the trombone and appears 
nationally as a soloist and clinician. 

Timothy M. Erdman, adjunct instructor in music. 

B.S., Temple University . 

Formerly trumpet soloist, "The President's Own" United States Marine Band, 

Washington, D.C; he has been principal trumpet with the Harrisburg and Reading 

Symphonies. Instructor of applied trumpet, he is a member of "Basic'ly Brass," a 

professional brass quintet. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, adjunct associate professor of music. 

M.FA., Ohio University. 

She performs extensively as a piano soloist, accompanist and chamber music 

performer. She serves as faculty adviser to Sigma Alpha Iota, the women's music 

fraternity. 

James E. Miller, adjunct instructor in music. 

A member of the jazz ensemble "Third Stream," his teaching specialty is string bass 

and electric bass. He has played with several regional symphonies in the area. 

Joseph D. Mixon, adjunct instructor in music. 

MM., Combs College of Music. 

He is a professional guitarist in the tri-state area and teaches private lessons and class 

guitar. 

Robert A. Nowak, adjunct instructor in music. 

MM., University of Miami. 

He teaches percussion and directs the Percussion Ensemble. 

Lawrence Oncley, adjunct instructor in music. 

Ph.D., Indiana University. 

He teaches applied cello and performs with the Reading Symphony and the 

Susquehanna String Quartet. 



56 



Jeffrey S. Riehl, adjunct instructor in music. 

MM., Westminster Choir College. 

Teaching class voice and private lessons, he is active as choral conductor and tenor 

soloist in community and church music. 

Thomas M. Strohman, adjunct instructor in music. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College. 

He directs the college jazz band and the small jazz ensemble, and teaches jazz 

improvisation and saxophone. A founding member of the jazz ensemble, "Third 

Stream," he has recorded for Columbia Artists. He maintains an active career 

performing and teaching in the Central Pennsylvania area. 

John J. Uhl, lecturer in sound recording technology, director of the Sound Record- 
ing Technology Program. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College, Professional Certificate, Institute of Audio Research. 
His teaching interest is sound recording technology. 

Department of Physical Education 

Although the college does not offer a major in physical education, two courses are 
required for graduation. The program encourages attitudes and habits of good health, 
while developing physical capacities and skills that will enrich life. 

Course descriptions in physical education are on page 122. 

Faculty: 

O. Kent Reed, associate professor of physical education. Chairperson. 

M.A. in Ed., Eastern Kentucky University. 

He instructs the fitness and weight training classes and utilizes body fat percentages, 

pulse rate and recovery, strength testing devices and workout charts. He also 

instructs team activities such as Softball and volleyball. Responsibilities in the 

athletic department are track and field and cross country. 

Department of Physics 

The program in physics is designed to develop an understanding of the fundamental 
laws of physical science dealing with motion, forces, energy, heat, sound, light, 
electromagnetism, electronics, atomic and nuclear structure, and the properties of 
matter. Physics gives an appreciation of the extent and limitations of a mathematical 
description of the physical world. Students major in physics as a preparation for 

57 



professional careers in physics, engineering, secondary teaching, and careers for 
which a physical science background is useful. 

The facilities of the Physics Department are located on the fourth floor of the Garber 
Science Center. In addition to the introductory physics laboratory, the department 
maintains an x-ray laboratory, optics laboratory, atomic laboratory, electronics 
laboratory, and nuclear laboratory. The department also houses a reading room, 
student shop, and darkroom. 

Students majoring in physics take advantage of close contact with faculty, work as 
lab assistants, pursue independent study or research, and participate in the local 
chapter of the Society of Physics Students. 

For Cooperative Programs, see page 28. For the major and course descriptions in 
physics, see page 123. 

Faculty: 

Michael A. Day, associate professor of physics. 
Ph.D., University of Nebraska. 

He has two doctorates: one in physics, one in philosophy, and publishes in both areas. 
His interests are theoretical physics (specializing in anharmonic solids) and philoso- 
phy of science. 

Barry L. Hurst, associate professor of physics. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

His background in sputtering involves investigating the material ejected from ion 

bombarded surfaces using the technique of secondary ion mass spectrometry. Other 

interests include electronics and experimental design. 

J. Robert O'Donnell, Professor Emeritus of Physics. 

M.S., University of Delaware. 

He is interested in the physics of music, including the acoustical properties of the 

guitar. 

Jacob L. Rhodes, professor emeritus of physics. 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

His background is nuclear physics with interests in the relationship of physics and 

society. 



58 



Department of Political Science and Economics 

The department consists of two independent disciplines, political science and 
economics, which have separate majors and curricula. 

Political Scientists study government and politics with a particular interest in the 
political behavior of individuals, groups, and institutions. Many pre-law students 
major in this discipline (see page XX for offerings in the pre-law program). Other 
majors have gone on to graduate school or careers in politics. 

Economists study the behavior of the economic system and economic factors in that 
system. Graduates in one of the two economics majors may go on to graduate school 
or to jobs in the private sector or government. 

Both disciplines emphasize an understanding of the public policy process. They are 
designed to provide a sound knowledge of essential principles and problems within 
a broad liberal arts education. 

For the major and minor requirements and course offerings in Political Science, see 
page 125. For those in Economics, see page 80. 

Faculty: 

D. Eugene Brown, professor of political science. 

Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton. 

Dr. Brown teaches principally in the area of international studies, including courses 

in United States foreign policy, international relations, comparative politics, and 

modern communism. 

Jeanne C. Hey, assistant professor of economics. 
Ph.D., Lehigh University. 

Dr. Hey's specialty areas are in economic theory, corporate and personal finance, 
and health economics. Her professional affiliations include the American Economic 
Association, the American Finance Association, and the Association for Evolution- 
ary Economics. 

Edward H. Krebs, assistant professor of economics. 
Ph.D., Michigan State University. 



59 



Professor Krebs previously served as an Economic Assistant to the Secretary of 
Agriculture and as a private consultant. His interests are in environmental and 
resource economics. He is presently serving in the Pennsylvania Legislature and has 
a two year leave of absence. 

John D. Norton, professor of political science. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., American University. 

Dr. Norton teaches courses in American government, constitutional law, political 

theory, and research methods. He is the pre-law adviser for the college. His 

professional and research interests are in the areas of American Constitutionalism, 

United States defense and security policy, and political economy. 

Paul A. Heise, assistant professor of economics. 

Ph.D., New School for Social Research. 

Dr. Heise's chief area of interest is the history of economic thought. He has served 

in several positions in the Executive Office of the President prior to coming to the 

college. 

Department of Psychology 

The goal of psychology is the scientific description and explanation of behavior. This 
goal is approached in diverse ways: from laboratory experiments on animal behavior 
at one extreme, to clinical interventions having therapeutic behavioral objectives at 
the other. This diversity makes psychology important to fields such as business, 
education, and medicine, and makes it an integral part of any liberal arts education. 

The undergraduate major in psychology at Lebanon Valley College incorporates 
many aspects of psychology. It includes elements of a general education as well as 
elements more specially tailored to each student's career training. Some students 
completing the major have gone on to prestigious graduate schools while others have 
utilized their undergraduate training to take jobs in their specialty areas immediately 
upon graduation. The departmental degree requirements are sensitive to this career 
diversity. 

The courses required of all psychology majors, include: The Individual and Society 
(PSY 100), Experimental Psychology (PSY 120), Advanced General Psychology 
(PSY 200), Psychological Statistics (PSY 216), and the History of Psychology (PSY 
443). These courses provide a firm foundation for specialization in any of the content 
areas of psychology. 



60 



The student majoring in psychology is also required to specialize in one of four 
content areas: 

(1) clinical/counseling/school psychology 

(2) experimental psychology 

(3) developmental psychology 

(4) industrial/organizational psychology 

The three required courses in an area of specialization are intended to link the liberal 
arts background to specific career goals. 

In addition to these general and specialized courses, all psychology majors are 
encouraged to participate in the educational process beyond the classroom through 
independent studies, laboratory research, and internships. The department is 
committed to providing opportunities for work experiences as a component of the 
psychology major. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in psychology are on page 129. The major 
and course descriptions in psychobiology, jointly offered with the Biology Depart- 
ment, are on page 128. 

Faculty: 

Salvatore Cullari, associate professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Western Michigan University. 

His teaching interests are in clinical psychology, abnormal, personality, and social 

psychology. His current research is in schizophrenia, personality assessment and 

eating disorders. 

David Lasky, professor of psychology. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., Temple University. 

Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are the focus of his 

teaching interests. Current research is in organizational change in the public sector 

and patients' rights. 

Jan Pedersen, assistant professor of psychology. 
Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook. 

Her teaching interests cover a broad range of infant, child, and adolescent develop- 
ment, including cognition, socialization, and school- related issues. Her current 
research interests are the development of rule categorization systems, social conflict, 
and sex role identity within specific ecological contexts. 



61 



Steven M. Specht, assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton. 

His teaching interests include statistics and experimental design as well as a variety 

of areas in psychobiology. His current research interests are the ontogeny of 

physiological controls of ingestive behaviors and general psychopharmacological 

issues related to neuroscience. 

Michael Asken, adjunct associate professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., University of West Virginia. 

His teaching interests are in sport psychology and health psychology. His current 

research interests are in sport psychology and the management of stress in surgery. 

He is in private practice as a health psychologist. 

Joseph Peters, adjunct associate professor of psychology. 
Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

He supervises the internship students. His research interests are in clinical psychol- 
ogy and computer applications to patient management. He is a clinical psychologist 
at a veterans administration hospital. 

Dennis Graybill, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

M.A., Temple University. 

His teaching interests are in behavior modification, abnormal psychology, hypnosis, 

and brief therapy. He is in private practice as a licensed psychologist. 

Janet Kelley, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

Her teaching interests are in abnormal, clinical, social psychology and lifespan 

adjustment problems. She is a clinical psychologist in private practice. 

David Rogers, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Rosemead School of Psychology. 

His teaching interests are in child and adolescent psychology. He is a private 

practitioner. 

David Thompson, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

Teaching interests are in educational and school psychology, and adjustment 

problems of students. He is Director of Psychological Services at a private school. 

Ford Thompson, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 
M.A., George Washington University. 

62 



His teaching interests are in organizational behavior. He is the state's acting deputy 
secretary for mental health. 

Richard Tushup, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

His teaching interests are in experimental psychology. Some of his areas of interest 

are human sexuality, client cognitions between therapeutic encounters, and religion' s 

impact upon personality development and therapeutic process. He is currently 

employed at The Veterans Administration Medical Center. 

Department of Religion And Philosophy 

The study of religion is designed to give students insight into the meaning of the 
religious dimension of human experience. Course work introduces students to 
various historical and contemporary expressions of the Judeo-Christian heritage as 
well as to the diverse religious traditions of humankind. In general, students major 
in religion to ready themselves for theological seminary, for careers in Christian 
education, or to acquire the theological maturity which, in combination with another 
major, will enable them to function as lay ministers in their chosen profession. 

The study of philosophy directly involves the student in the process of sharpening 
critical and analytical abilities. In all classes emphasis is placed upon the writing of 
critical and analytical essays dealing with various aspects of philosophical thought 
as it pertains to the questions and issues of knowledge, human values and conduct, 
history, politics, religion, science, society, and the nature of human beings. 

The study of philosophy may prepare the student for postgraduate activities such as 
legal studies, business, or theological and seminary training. 

The major, minor, and course requirements in philosophy are on page 121. Those 
in religion are on page 133. 

Faculty: 

Donald E. Byrne Jr., professor of religion and history, 
director of American Studies Program. 
Ph.D., Duke University. 

His scholarship has focused on American folk religion, particularly as expressed in 
the Methodist and Roman Catholic communities. Other interests include religion 
and literature, peace studies, and mysticism. His teaching centers on the history of 
Christianity and religion in America, and he also participates in the College Honors 
program. 

63 



Voorhis C. Cantrell, professor of religion and Greek. 

Ph.D., Boston University. 

His teaching interests in Biblical literature, Near Eastern archaeology, and Greek 

have been enhanced by on-site study and work in classical lands. Recent scholarly 

activity includes study and use of innovative pedagogical methods for teaching 

Scripture, particularly storytelling, memorization, and role-playing. 

John H. Heffner, professor of philosophy. Chairperson. 

PhD., Boston University. 

His teaching interests include logic, philosophy of religion, metaphysics, and history 

of philosophy. He has published articles in major journals and contributed chapters 

to books in his research specialization, the philosophy of perception. His recent 

interest in the philosophy of religion has focused on biblical literature and nineteenth 

century philosophical theology. 

Warren K.A. Thompson, associate professor of philosophy. 

M.A., University of Texas. 

His teaching specialties are philosophical ethics, bioethics, and business and 

organizational ethics. He has a particular interest in the ethical implications of the 

Holocaust, and has recently contributed a chapter for an anthology devoted to 

philosophy and the Holocaust. 

Perry J. Troutman, professor of religion. 

Ph.D., Boston University. 

His areas of teaching specialization include world religions, religion in America, and 

the theory and practice of Christian education. He has particular interests in English 

cathedrals, and he is organizer and Chair of the American Friends of Durham 

Cathedral. 

Blake D. Dutton, adjunct assistant professor of religion and philosophy. 

Ph.D. Candidate, University of Pennsylvania. 

His research interests are focused in medieval thought. 

Wayne W. Floyd Jr., adjunct assistant professor of religion. 

Ph.D., Emory University. 

He specializes in contemporary theology and its applications to social problems. 



64 



Department of Sociology and Social Work 

The major in sociology gives students an understanding of human behavior. By 
examining the social and cultural forces that shape our lives, students gain a richer 
understanding of themselves and contemporary social issues. Sociology explores 
how and why people behave as they do as well as the effects of their behavior on 
others. In an economy that is moving from a manufacturing base to a service 
orientation, graduates in sociology are prepared to work in fields where an 
understanding of the dynamics of human relationships is important. 

The social work major prepares students for beginning professional practice in a 
variety of social work settings. The major emphasizes the generalist approach by 
offering a solid foundation of core courses based on social work theory and practice. 
The program also provides students the opportunity to focus upon areas of personal 
and professional interest by choosing a concentration in such areas as criminal 
justice, family intervention, and the aged and aging/death and dying. 

The major, minor, and course descriptions in social work are on page 136. Those in 
sociology are on page 138. 



Faculty: 

Sharon Darmofall Arnold, associate professor of sociology. 
M.A., University of Akron. 

Among her teaching interests are sociology of the family, intercultural communica- 
tion, small groups, and medical sociology. Her research interests are achievement 
orientation of female students and the use of telecommunications in higher 
education. 

Carolyn R. Hanes, professor of sociology and social work. Chairperson. 
Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. 

Her areas of interest include family and marriage, criminology, criminal justice, 
mass media, and leadership. She is currently doing research on leadership. 

Sharon Hall Raffield, associate professor of sociology and social work. 
M.S.W., Washington University. 

Her areas of interest include social work practice with families, children, and elders 
as well as policies which impact upon them. She is currently doing research in social 
work theory of practice and social work educational curriculum. 



65 



Jan Edwards, lecturer in social work. 

M.A., Ohio University. 

His teaching interests include child abuse and juvenile delinquency. 

Robert D. Gingrich, lecturer in social work. 

M.S., Moravian College. 

His teaching specialties include child abuse, juvenile delinquency and sexual abus 

Holly L. Preston, lecturer in sociology and social work. 
M.S.W., Marywood College. 



66 



UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE 
REQUIREMENTS AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 

Accounting (ACT) 

The Management Department is described on page 45. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in accounting. 

Major: ACT 151, 152, 233, 251, 252, 353; 9 credit hours accounting electives; ECN 
110,120;MGT222,330,361,485;ENG210;MAS150(orlllorl60orl61);MAS 
170 (or 270 or 372); PHL 260 (57 credits). 

Courses in Accounting 

151. Principles of Accounting I. Fundamental principles and concepts of account- 
ing encompassing business transactions, the accounting cycle, and classified 
financial statements including discussion of various topics relating to balance sheet 
and income statement items. For accounting majors. Credit not awarded for both 
ACT 151 and ACT 161.3 credits. 

152. Principles of Accounting II. A continuation of Principles of Accounting I 
focusing upon accounting concepts, partnerships, and business transactions related 
to corporate liabilities, equity, and investments. Includes basic financial analysis. 
For accounting majors. Prerequisite: ACT 151; or ACT 161 with minimum grade of 
B and permission. 3 credits. 

161. Financial Accounting. Basic concepts of accounting including accounting for 
business transactions, preparation and use of financial statements, and measurement 
of owners' equity. An introductory course for non-accounting majors. Credit not 
awarded for both ACT 151 and ACT 161. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or 
permission. 3 credits. 

162. Managerial Accounting. Cost-volume-profit relationships, cost analysis, 
business segment contribution, profit planning and budgeting as a basis for manage- 
rial decisionmaking. Prerequisite: ACT 151 or ACT 161. Prerequisite: sophomore 
standing or permission. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic Environ- 
ment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a business manage- 

67 



ment tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory exercises the student learns 
commonly used business applications. Topics covered include word processing, 
electronic spreadsheets, database management, business graphics, decision support 
systems, and integrated accounting packages. Prerequisite: ACT 151 or 161, ECN 
1 10 or 120, or permission. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as Economics 233 and Manage- 
ment 233.} 

251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced course in accounting principles 
stressing the environment and the conceptual framework of financial accounting, 
statement presentation, revenue recognition, and valuation problems in accounting 
for assets. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. An analysis of financial statements, effects of 
errors and changes on statements, preparation of funds flow statement, and valuation 
problems in accounting for leases and pensions and stockholders' equity. Prerequi- 
site: ACT 251. 3 credits. 

351. Advanced Accounting. Study of theory and standards with application to such 
special topics as income presentation, interim reporting, and per-share disclosures. 
Emphasis on business combinations and consolidated financial presentations. Pre- 
requisite: ACT 252. 3 credits. 

352. Governmental and Non-Prof it Accounting. Basic concepts of fund and bud- 
getary accounting used for financial activities of governmental units and other not- 
for-profit organizations. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

353. Cost Accounting. The accumulation and recording of the costs associated with 
the manufacturing operation including job-order, process and standard cost systems, 
and joint and by-product costing. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

451. Individual Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as applied to 
individuals; case problems, preparation of returns. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 161. 3 
credits. 

452. Corporate Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as applied to 
corporations, partnerships and fiduciaries; case problems, preparation of returns. 
Prerequisite: ACT 451. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. A study of the process of evaluation of internal controls and 
interpretation of financial information to permit an auditor to express a professional 
opinion on financial reports. Prerequisite: ACT 252. 3 credits. 

68 



Actuarial Science (ASC) 
The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 47. 



Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in actuarial science. 



Major: Three of ASC 385, 
481,482,484; CSC 125; 
MAS 111, 112,202,222, 
371, 372, 471 and one of 
MAS363or335;ECN110, 
120;ACT151,152orl61, 
162. (52 credits.) The 
Course 100/ Part 1 exami- 
nation of the actuarial so- 
cieties must be passed be- 
fore the end of the semes- 
ter preceding the gradua- 
tion semester. 




Courses in mathematics, accounting, and economics 
prepare students for a career in acturial science. 



Courses in Actuarial Science 

385. The Theory of Interest. Measurement of interest, the time value of money, 
annuities, amortization and sinking funds, bonds and related securities, depreciation 
and capitalized cost. Prerequisite: MAS 112. 3 credits. 

481,482. Actuarial Mathematics I and II. Survival distributions and life tables; life 
insurance; life annuities; net premiums; premium reserves; multiple life functions; 
multiple decrement models; valuation theory for pension plans; the expense factor; 
and non-forfeiture benefits and dividends. Prerequisite: Core. (MAS 1 1 1,1 12,202,222, 
CSC 125). Corequisite: MAS 371,372. 3 credits each. 

484. Casualty Actuarial Mathematics. An introduction to mathematical techniques 
of casualty actuarial work including credibility theory, risk theory, and losses 
distributions. Prerequisite: Core. Corequisite: MAS 372. 3 credits. 



69 



American Studies (AMS) 

The interdisciplinary program in American Studies is coordinated by the History 
Department which is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in American Studies. 

Major: AMS 111, 211,253, 311,485; ART 205 orMSC 120; ENG 221, 222; GPY 
21 1; HIS 321, 322, 325 or 326; PHL 240 or REL 120 (39 credits). 

Minor: AMS 1 1 1, 21 1, 253; 1 course from the following: ART 205, ENG 221, 222, 
MSC 120; 1 course from the following: HIS 321, PHL 240, REL 120; 1 course from 
the following: AMS 311, HIS 322, 325, 326; and 1 elective course to be chosen from 
among courses required for the major in American Studies or approved by the 
Director of the American Studies Program (21 credits.) 

Courses in American Studies 

111. Introduction to American Studies. An interdisciplinary approach to the study 
of America's heritage and the distinguishing features of the American mind and 
character. 3 credits. 

211. American Folklore. A study of the historical growth of American folklore; 
such genres as folk art, folk music, and folk speech; contemporary expressions, 
including regional and ethnic variations; and the dynamics of folk performance in 
socio-cultural context. 3 credits. 

253. Applied American Studies. An introduction to non-teaching careers in Ameri- 
can Studies. Students examine the basics of archival management, museum curator- 
ship, editing, oral history and specialized work in government, corporation, histori- 
cal societies, libraries, preservation agencies, foundations, or higher education. 3 
credits. {Cross-listed as History 253.} 

311. American Science and Technology. A study of American science and tech- 
nology and their interrelations with economic, cultural, political and intellectual 
developments. Prerequisite: Any laboratory science course. 3 credits. 

485. American Studies Seminar. A capstone course organized around a major 
theme or issue in the American experience. Themes and issues vary from year to 



70 



year as the seminar rotates among faculty in several academic departments. Students 
are able to integrate their educational experience and implement further the 
interdisciplinary methodology in an holistic approach to a topic or subject. 3 credits. 

Art (ART) 

The Art Department is described on page 33. 

Minor: ART 1 10, 140, 201, 203, 1 elective course in art (15 credits). 

Courses in Art 

110. Introduction to Art. An exploration of meaning in the visual arts. The subject 
is approached through discussions of perception, the aesthetic experience, and form/ 
content analyses of painting, sculpture, and architecture. 3 credits. 

140. Drawing and Painting. An introduction to the materials and processes of 
drawing and painting. Spatial perception, composition, light and dark as well as color 
relationships are major areas of study. 3 credits 

201. Art History I. Prehistoric through Medieval Art. A survey of painting, sculpture 
and architecture beginning with prehistoric sites in Europe and the Near East, 
followed by studies of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome and Europe in the 
Middle Ages. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II. Renaissance to Twentieth Century. A survey of individual 
masters and their major schools, the course covers the period from the close of the 
medieval era to the modem day and includes stylistic analyses and historical contexts 
for painting, sculpture, and architecture of each period. 3 credits. 

205. American Art History. An examination of the architecture, painting, sculpture, 
and the decorative arts from the colonial period to the present day with emphasis on 
the twentieth century. 3 credits. 

401. Art in the Elementary School Introduction to creative art activity for children 
in elementary school. Topics covered include philosophical concepts, curriculum, 
evaluation and studio activity involving a variety of art media, techniques, and 
processes. 3 credits. 



71 



Biochemistry (BCH) 

The program in biochemistry is offered jointly by the Biology Department, described! 
on page 34 and the Chemistry Department, described on page 36. 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program that provides an oppor- 
tunity for interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the chemical 
basis of biological processes. It is designed to prepare students for advanced study 
in medical, dental, and other professional schools, for graduate programs in a variety 
of subjects including biochemistry, clinical chemistry, pharmacology, molecular 
biology, genetics, microbiology, and physiology, and for research positions in 
industrial, academic, and government laboratories. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in biochemistry. 

Major: BIO 111,112,201; CHM 111, 112, 113, 114,213,214,215,216; BCH 401, 
421, 422, 430, 499; MAS 161; PHY 103, 104or 11 1,112 (51 credits); 9credits from 
BIO 305, 306, 307, 322, 323, 404 and CHM 305, 306, 307, 308, 311. 

Courses in Biochemistry 

401. Molecular Biology . Gene structure, function and regulation at the molecular 
level in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Recombinant DNA techniques 
(genetic engineering) and gene sequencing are covered in detail. Prerequisite: Three 
semesters of chemistry and BIO 201 or permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

421,422. Biochemistry IJI. The study of the chemistry of proteins, lipids, and 
carbohydrates. Topics covered include amino acid chemistry, protein structure, 
molecular weight determination, ligand binding, enzyme kinetics, enzyme and 
coenzyme mechanisms, membrane systems, membrane transport, intermediary 
metabolism, metabolic control, electron transport, and oxidative phosphorylation. 
Prerequisites: CHM 214, 216 and 312 or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of proteins, nucleic 
acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CHM 214, 216. 1 credit. 

499. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on special topics in 
biochemistry. 1 credit. 



72 



Biology (BIO) 

The Biology Department is described on page 34. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in biology. 

Major: BIO 111, 1 12, 201 , 499; one course each in the general areas of physiology, 

cellular and subcellular biology, 

botany, and morphology, and 4 

additional hours of biology (33 

credits). CHM 1 1 1, 1 12, 1 13, 1 14, 

213, 214, 215, 216 (16 credits); 

PHY 103, 104 or 111, 112; MAS 

161 or 111 (61-63 total credits). 

Minor: BIO 101, 102, or BIO 111, 
1 12, 201; plus 3 additional courses 
in biology (24 total credits). 



In addition, students planning to 
teach biology must take BIO 
312,490 and 21 credits in educa- 
tion courses including EDU 
110,420,430 and 440. These 
courses are described on page 83. 




The interaction offacutly is an important facet 
for preparing students for careers in science. 



Courses in Biology 

BIO 111 and 112 are prerequisite for all upper-level courses in biology unless 
otherwise noted. 

101. Human Biology I. The human organism is utilized as the primary focus to 
elucidate physiological principles for non-science majors. Topics include nutrition, 
homeostasis, major organ systems, immunity, and exercise physiology. Laboratory 
exercises include sensory physiology, respiration, blood pressure, exercise physiol- 
ogy, and ECG. 4 credits. 

102. Human Biology II. Also designed for the non-science major, this course 
emphasizes the mastery of certain biological principles as applied primarily to 
humans. Topics include reproduction, development, classical and molecular genet- 



73 



ics, and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement lecture topics and include an 
examination of mitosis and meiosis, Drosophila genetics, gene activity, population 
genetics, and development. 4 credits. 

111. General Biology I. A rigorous study of basic biological principles, which is 
designed for science majors. Topics emphasized include cell biology, genetics, 
taxonomy, histology, and evolution. Laboratory exercises include enzyme kinetics, 
carbohydrate analysis, isolation and identification of plant pigments, histological 
techniques, and animal taxonomy. 4 credits. 

112. General Biology II. This course, also rigorous and designed for science majors, 
covers concepts in physiology, embryology, botany and ecology. Laboratory exer- 
cises include shark anatomy, invertebrate dissection, animal development, plant 
development in angiosperms, and stomate response to environmental changes. 4 
credits. 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of classical and 
molecular genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of genetics utilizing both 
classical and molecular approaches. Laboratory exercises include analysis of nucleic 
acids, genetic crosses, and studies of bacteria, bacteriophages and plasmids. Prereq- 
uisites: one year of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

221. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The comparative anatomy of vertebrates 
with emphasis on the evolutionary relationships among the various lines of verte- 
brates. Intensive laboratory work involves dissections and demonstrations of repre- 
sentative vertebrates. 4 credits. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development and diversity of plants and the 
relationships between them. Field and laboratory work will familiarize the student 
with the structure of plants and with the identification of flowering plants in the local 
flora. Prerequisite: BIO 1 12 or permission. 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. The study of basic descriptive phenomena in the 
development of typical invertebrate and vertebrate embryos, with a consideration of 
modern embryological problems. 4 credits. 

305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. A study of the microscopic 
anatomy of vertebrate tissues, with illustrations of basic tissue similarities and 
specialization in relation to function. The laboratory work includes the preparation 
of slides utilizing routine histological and histochemical techniques. 4 credits. 



74 



306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of 
representative microorganisms. The laboratory emphasizes basic bacteriological 
techniques and procedures. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 
4 credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with emphasis on 
vascular plants. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

312. Fundamentals of Ecology. An examination of the basic concepts of ecology 
with extensive laboratory work and field experiences in freshwater, marine, and 
terrestrial ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIO 1 12 or permission. 4 credits. 

322. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles of vertebrate body function, with 
emphasis on the mechanisms by which cells and organs perform their functions and 
the interactions of the various organs in maintaining total body function. Prerequi- 
sites: BIO 101 or 1 12 and one semester of chemistry, or permission. 4 credits. 

323. Introduction to Immunology. An introduction to the anatomical, physiologi- 
cal, and biochemical factors underlying the immune response. The course begins 
with a discussion of non-specific immunity, cellular immunity, and antibody- 
mediated immune responses. The course then moves into a study of contemporary 
immunological topics which are discussed with respect to major research papers in 
each area. Topics include auto-immunity, histocompatibility, immunogenetics, and 
acquired immune deficiencies. A research paper is required. Prerequisites: BIO 
111,112 and CHM 1 1 1 , 1 1 3 or equivalent or permission. 4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. A study of most of the invertebrate phyla, concentrating 
on movement, metabolism, information and control, reproduction and association 
between animals. 4 credits. 

404. Electron Microscopy. An introduction to the use of techniques for scanning and 
transmission electron microscopic studies. Through laboratory experience the 
students will learn the proper use, application, and limitations of the appropriate 
instruments. Prerequisite: BIO 305 or permission of instructor. 4 credits. ' 

409. Quantitative Ecology. An intensive study of ecological processes emphasizing 
the quantitative aspects of ecology at the population and community levels. Prereq- 
uisite: permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 



75 



490. Student Lab Instruction. A course designed for students seeking certification 
to teach biology in secondary education. Responsibilities include assisting in the 
preparation of materials and equipment for lab; supervision of lab work; and 
preparation, administration, and evaluation of quizzes and lab tests. Prerequisite: 
permission of the instructor. 1 credit. 

499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library research on 
an assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the biology faculty and students. 
This course may be repeated. 1 or 2 credits. 

Chemistry (CHM) 

The Chemistry Department is described on page 36. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science with a major in 
chemistry. 

Majors: (B.S. in Chemistry) CHM 111, 112, 113, 114,213,214,215,216,222, 305, 
306, 307, 308, 311, 312, 321, 322,411; 6 Credits from CHM 491-498; BCH 421, 
422; 4 credits of CHM 500; MAS 161, 162; PHY 111, 112 (63-64 credits). 

(B.S., major in chemistry) CHM 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216, 222, 305, 
306, 307, 308, 311, 312, 321, 322; MAS 161, 162; PHY 111, 112; (50-51 credits). 

Minor: CHM 111, 112, 113, 114; 12 Credits from CHM 213, 214, 222, 305, 306, 
311, 312, 411; BCH 421, 422; 3 Credits from CHM 215, 216, 307, 308, 321, 322; 
BCH 430. 

Courses in Chemistry 

100. Introduction to Chemistry. An introduction to the principles of chemistry 
including mathematical tools, atomic structure, stoichiometry, elementary concepts 
of equilibrium, bonding, and organic chemistry. Intended for non-science majors. 
Laboratory experience included. 4 credits. 

109. Chemical Skills. A step-by-step approach to solving chemical problems. 
Topics include the application of mathematical tools in introductory chemistry and 
techniques for finding the proper approach to solve problems. The course is designed 
to be taken concurrently with CHM 111.1 credit. 



76 



111, 112. Principles of Chemistry 1,11. An introduction to chemistry for the science 
major. First semester topics include atomic and molecular structure, chemical 
reactions, calculations involving chemical concentrations, gas laws, and bonding. 
Second semester covers kinetics, acids and bases, equilibrium, oxidation-reduction 
chemistry, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. 3 credits per 
semester. 

113, 114. Introductory Laboratory IJI. Laboratory courses to accompany 1 1 1 and 

1 12. Experiments cover stoichiometry, gas laws, quantitative analysis, equilibrium, 
electrochemistry, chemical synthesis, and the use of computers for collecting data. 
Students are introduced to instrumentation including infrared, U V-visible, NMR and 
atomic absorption spectrometers. 1 credit per semester. 

213, 214. Organic Chemistry 1,11. An introduction to the principles of organic 
chemistry. The focus of the course is on the structure of organic molecules and how 
the structure of various functional groups affects their reactivity. The concepts of 
reactivity, structure and mechanism are applied to organic synthesis. 3 credits per 
semester. 

215, 216. Organic Laboratory 1,11. An introduction to the practice of classical 
organic chemistry and modern instrumental organic chemistry. The techniques of 
organic synthesis are taught along with instrumental methods including infrared, 
nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry. 1 credit per semester. 

222. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. The application of elementary principles 
of chemistry to provide a basis for understanding the physical and chemical 
properties of the elements. Topics include periodicity, acidity or basicity of metal 
cations and oxoanions, precipitation reactions, oxidation-reduction chemistry and 
the structures of solids. 3 credits. 

305. Analytical Chemistry. Gravimetric, volumetric, and electro-chemical methods 
of chemical analysis are covered. Included are statistical methods of data treatment 
and rigorous considerations of complex chemical equilibria. Prerequisites: CHM 
112 and MAS 161. 3 credits. 

306. Instrumental Analysis. Basic types of chemical instrumentation and their 
applications in analytical chemistry are examined. These include: gas and liquid 
chromatography; infrared, UV-VIS, fluorescence, atomic absorption, and plasma 
emission spectrophotometry; nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry; 
and radiochemical methods. Prerequisites: CHM 112 and MAS 161. 3 credits. 



77 



307. Quantitative Analysis Laboratory. Techniques of gravimetric, volumetric, and 
electrochemical analysis are applied to the analysis of unknowns. Prerequisite or 
corequisite: CHM 305. 1 credit. 

308. Instrumental Analysis Laboratory. Chemical instrumentation is utilized in 
analytical method development and analysis. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 306. 
1 credit. 

311. Physical Chemistry I. The study of thermodynamic laws and functions, 
including phase and reaction equilibria. Systems under study include ideal and real 
gases, ideal and non-ideal solutions, and multi-component phase transitions. 3 
credits. 

312. Physical Chemistry II. The study of chemical systems from a molecular 
perspective. Basic concepts of quantum chemistry and statistical theory applied to 
atomic and molecular structure. Also included are electrochemistry, kinetics, and 
transport processes. 3 credits. 

321, 322. Physical Laboratory I, II. Application of chemical instrumentation to a 
study of the principles of physical chemistry. Experimental work involves calorim- 
etry, refractometry, conductivity, viscometry, and atomic absorption, FTIR, UV- 
VIS, and NMR spectroscopy applied to the study of phase and reaction equilibria, 
kinetics, and atomic and molecular structure. 1 credit per semester. 

411. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. A study of bonding theories, molecular struc- 
ture, spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms with special emphasis on transition 
metal complexes. Prerequisite: CHM 312. 3 credits per semester. 

451. Methods of Teaching Chemistry. A course designed for students seeking 
certification to teach chemistry in secondary education. Topics include valuation of 
laboratory experiments, demonstrations, textbooks, and computer software. 3 cred- 
its. 

Communications 

See English, page 86. 



78 



Computer Science (CSC) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 47. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in applied computer science; 
Bachelor of Science degree with a major in computer science. 

Major: (Applied Computer Science) CSC 125, 148, 247, 282, 321, 323, 325, 448, 
48 1 or 344, 400 or 500; ENG 2 1 or 2 1 6; MAS 1 1 1 or 1 6 1 , 25 1 , 270; 1 5 coordinated 
hours in an area of computer application to be arranged with adviser (51-53 credits). 

Major: (Computer Science) CSC 125, 148,247,282,321, 323,325, 344,481,482 
or 448, 400or500; ENG 210or216; MAS 11 1,1 12, 202, 222, 251, 270(52 credits). 

Minor: (Computer Science) CSC 125, 148, 247, 282, and one CSC course numbered 
300 or higher; MAS 161,251 (21 credits). 

Note: No course outside of the core (MAS 111,112, 202, 222, CSC 125) may be used 
to meet the requirements of more than one major or minor within the Department of 
Mathematical Sciences. 

Courses in Computer Science 

125. Computer Tools: An Introduction to Computer Science. Introduction to 
fundamental concepts of Computer Science. Topics include: information storage, 
retrieval, and communication, user interfaces, algorithms, spreadsheet, data bases, 
and expert systems. 3 credits. 

148. Computers and Programming in Pascal. Introduction to programming in 
Pascal. Prerequisite: CSC 125. 3 credits. 

170. Computers and Programming in Basic-Plus. Introduction to the basic con- 
cepts and terminology of computer hardware, software, operating systems and 
languages. Programming in Basic-Plus. 3 credits. 

247. Advanced Programming with Pascal. Advanced features of Pascal. Develop- 
ing large programs, libraries, units, etc. Prerequisite: CSC 148. 3 credits. 

282. Data Structures. Discrete mathematical structures and their use in computer 
software. Stacks, lists, queues, hash tables, sorts, linked lists. Prerequisite: CSC 247. 
3 credits. 

79 



321, 323, 325. Survey of Computer Languages: FORTRAN, COBOL, and C. 

Syntax, mechanics of writing programs, and evaluation of the languages. Offered in 
three segments for 1 credit each. Prerequisite: CSC 148. 

344. Computer Architecture with MACRO. The organization of computers, the 
CPU, memory, disks, interfaces, interrupts, macros, device drivers. Prerequisite: 
CSC 247. 3 credits. 

448. Database Management. The organization of files. Database structure and 
implementations. Integrity and security of databases. Major DBM systems. 
Prerequisite: CSC 282. 3 credits. 

481,482. Advanced Topics in Computer Science IJI. Topics to be selected from 
current areas of interest and concern in Computer Science. Prerequisites: CSC 282, 
MAS 251. 

Criminal Justice Program 

For students interested in the field of Criminal Justice (including police work, 
counseling juvenile offenders, court assistants, probation work, and other areas), the 
courses listed below constitute the Criminal Justice program. The chairs of the 
Sociology and Social Work and the Political Science and Economics Departments 
function as advisers for this program. Interested students should consult with one of 
these advisers. 

There is no major or minor in Criminal Justice, but the program can be most easily 
combined with a major in political science, sociology or social work. However, the 
program is not confined to majors in these areas. 

The courses required are as follows: PSC 1 12,315,316,415; SOC 110,331,333; one 
of the following: SOC 278, SOC 371, SOC 372; six credits of PSC, PSY, SOC, or 
SWK 400. (30 credits.) 

Economics (ECN) 

The Political Science and Economics Department is described on page 59. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Scienceand Bachelor of Arts with a major in economics. 

Major: Bachelor of Science: ECN 110, 120, 201, 203, 222, 233, 312, 2 elective 



80 



courses in economics; ACT 161, 162; CSC 147 or 170; ENG 210; MAS 150 or 160 
or 161 or 1 1 1; MAS 170 or 270 or 372; MGT 330, 485; PHL 260 (54 credits). 

Major: Bachelor of Arts: ECN 1 10, 120, 201, 203, 312, and four additional elective 
courses in economics, ACT 161, MAS 150 or 160 or 161 or 1 1 1, MAS 170 or 270 
or 372 (36 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Science: ECN 11 0,1 20, 20 1,203, 3 12; one from ACT 161, MGT 
100, or one elective course in economics (18 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Arts: ECN 1 10, 120, 201, 203, 312, and one additional elective 
economics course (18 credits). 

Courses in Economics 

110. Principles of Economics I. An introductory study of macroeconomic prin- 
ciples, with emphasis on national income determination, the price level, employ- 
ment, economic growth, money and banking, and government monetary and fiscal 
policies. 3 credits. 

120. Principles of Economics II. An introductory study of microeconomic prin- 
ciples, with emphasis on price, production, and distribution theories under condi- 
tions of varying market structures. Factor market analysis as well as implications 
for welfare economics and public policy are considered. 3 credits. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. A survey and economic analysis of current public 
issues. 3 credits. 

201. Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis. Managerial and economic decision- 
making of business firms, with emphasis on sales, costs, profit, and resource 
allocation. Pareto optimality and the equity-efficiency trade-off are covered. Prereq- 
uisites: ECN 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

203. Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis. A study of national income and 
employment theory, with primary emphasis on determination of the levels of 
employment and prices. The problems of unemployment and inflation are analyzed 
and appropriate monetary and fiscal policies considered. Prerequisites: ECN 110 
and 120. 3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative methods 



used in modern management and economics. Topics include probability concepts, 
forecasting, decision theory, linear programming, queuing theory, network models, 
and inventory models. Prerequisites: MAS 150 and 170. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as 
Management 222.} 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic Environ- 
ment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as an economic analytical 
and business management tool. Topics include economic data analysis, economic 
graphics, and decision support systems. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120, or 
permission. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as Accounting 233 and Management 233.} 

312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of money and credit, including the 
development and role of commercial and central banking, structure and functions 
of the Federal Reserve System, and monetary and banking theory, policy, and 
practice. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

315. Health Care Finance and Economics. Analysis of the economic problems of 
health and medical care to determine how to provide the best health care to the most 
people in a cost-effective manner. Examination of the principle elements of health 
care, including the physician, the hospital, and the pharmaceutical industry, as well 
as the influence of government and the insurance industry. All economic analysis 
will be considered within the context of medical ethics and societal values. 
Prerequisite: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

321. Public Finance. A study of the economic functioning of government, in- 
cluding principles of taxation, public expenditures, debt, and fiscal policy. Prereq- 
uisites: ECN 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

332. International Economics. A study of theories and empirical analysis of 
international economic relations. Topics include analyses of free exchange of goods, 
factors, and money, restrictive trade policies, and freer economic practices. 
Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of economic thought through the 
principal schools from mercantilism to the present. Attention is given to the analysis 
of the various theories of value, wages, interest, rent, profit, price level, business 
cycles, and employment, and to the influences of earlier economic ideas upon current 
thinking and policy-making. Prerequisites: ECN 1 10 and 120. 3 credits. 

411. Economic Growth and Development. Theoretical and empirical analysis of 



82 



problems of economic development in both underdeveloped and advanced coun- 
tries. Prerequisites: ECN 110 and 120. 3 credits. 

Education (EDU) 

The Education Department is described on page 38. 

The program in Elementary Education is described on page 38 and that in Secondary 
Education on page 38. 

Minor: EDU 1 10, GPY1 12; oneof ELM 270,ELM 341, ELM 361; oneof ELM 250, 
ELM 332, GPY 1 1 1 ; one of EDU 346, EDU 391, SED 420, EDU 442; ELM 280 or 
SED 280, 1-3 credits (16-18 credits). 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study of the social, historical and philosophical 
foundations of American education correlated with a survey of the principles and 
theories of influential educators. 3 credits. 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. A study of the preparation 
and use of instructional technology, media, and equipment. 3 credits. 

442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. An introduction to current research 
and practices concerning exceptionalities in children, including the handicapped and 
gifted. The course includes attention to policies, legislation, programs, methods and 
materials. Various resource personnel are invited to address pertinent issues. The 
course includes a minimum of one hour per week field experience in local programs 
designed to meet the needs of exceptional children. Prerequisites: EDU 110, PSY 
100 or PSY 120, or permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

Elementary Education (Teacher Certification) (ELM) 

The Education Department is described on page 38. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in elementary education. 

Major: Elementary education majors must take: EDU 1 10; ELM 220, 250, 270, 332, 
341, 342, 344, 361, 362, 440, 499; ART 401; GPY 1 1 1; HIS 125 or 126; MAS 100 
or equivalent; PSY 100 or 120, 220, 321 (66 credits). 



83 



The minor in education is described on page 82. 

Courses in Elementary Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School A course designed to aid elementary educa- 
tion majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including the playing of 
instruments, singing, using notation, listening, movement, and creative applications. 
3 credits. {Cross-listed as Music 220.} 

250. Mathematics in the Elementary School. A study of basic preschool to sixth 
grade mathematical concepts with major emphasis on problem solving, estimating, 
and computers. The course is designed to view mathematics as a multidisciplined 
subject. Attention is given to the development of hands-on teaching activities, 
simulations, and experiences which can be utilized effectively with any classroom 
population. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. An introduction to 
contemporary research, theories, programs, curricula, methods, and materials in 
early childhood education, nursery school through grade 2. Includes required field 
experience in a local early childhood center. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of literature for children from infants through 
grade 8, including extensive classroom examination of books, poetry, storytelling, 
and audiovisual resources in children's literature. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in the Elementary School. Supervised field experiences in 
appropriate school settings. Prerequisite: permission. 1-3 credits. 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. A study of basic concepts 
in general science, earth and space science, physical and biological science, and 
environmental studies. The course emphasizes the experiential nature of science in 
the elementary classroom with special attention to the materials and methodologies 
appropriate to young children. 3 credits. 

341, 342. Teaching of Reading I, II. The fundamentals of teaching children to read 
from the readiness programs of early childhood education to the more comprehen- 
sive techniques required to teach reading in all subject areas of the curricula in 
elementary and middle schools. Effective reading programs, methods, and materials 
are examined firsthand. Includes during each semester one hour per week of tutoring 
of selected elementary school students. Prerequisite: ELM 270. 3 credits per 
semester. 

84 



344. Health and Safety Education. A study of basic health and safety practices and 
procedures as applied to the elementary school, including a program of physical 
education for elementary school children, an American Red Cross-approved pro- 
gram of first aid, and an evaluation of sources and use of materials. Prerequisites: 
EDU 1 10; PSY 220; Elementary Education major. 3 credits. 

361. Language Arts in the Elementary School. The content, methods and materials 
for teaching oral and written language beginning with early childhood: listening, 
speaking, creative and practical writing, as well as the related skills of creative 
dramatics, handwriting, grammar and usage. The course is designed to assist 
teachers in helping children to communicate effectively and responsibly in a creative 
manner. 3 credits. 

362. Social Studies in the Elementary School. An examination of the content, 
methods and role of social studies in the elementary school, beginning with early 
childhood. The curriculum is examined from two vantage points: the daily lives of 
children as they relate to developing values and attitudes and the planned study of 
people as they live and have lived in our world. The development of a teaching unit 
and the examination of learning resources contribute to a sound instructional 
program. 3 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire semester in a classroom of 
an area public school under the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating 
teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative grade point average of 2.00 during the 
first six semesters of college is required. Prerequisites: EDU 110; PSY 220; ELM 
250,270,332,341,342,361,362, and permission. 3-12 credits. 

499. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to pertinent issues in education are 
researched and discussed by the participants in the course. Issues relating to 
problems in student teaching or to further professional growth in the profession are 
explored. 3 credits. 

Engineering 

The co-operative ("3 + 2") Engineering program is described under the listing for the 
Cooperative Programs on page 28. 



85 



English (ENG) 

The English Department is described on page 40. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in English. 

Major: Core requirements: ENG 200; three from 221-228; 331; 341 or 342; 499 (21 
credits). Students must choose one of the concentrations below in addition to the 
core. 

Literature concentration: Three additional survey courses (ENG 221-228); three 
additional major authors (ENG 343) or special topics courses (ENG 390-399) or 
genre (ENG 335-339) courses (39 total credits). 

Communications concentration: ENG 2 1 3; four additional communications courses 
(ENG 210-220, 31 1-315, 332, 336); 3 credits of ENG 400 (39 total credits). 

Secondary Education concentration /Two additional survey courses from ENG 221- 
228 (must include both 221,222); three additional major authors (ENG 343) or 
special topics (ENG 390-399) or genre (ENG 335-339) courses; ENG 218; ENG 
332; FLG 250; and either ENG 213 or ENG 336 (48 credits). 

Minor (Literature): ENG 200; ENG 221 or 222; two from ENG 225, 226, 227, 228; 
two additional literature courses (18 credits). 

Minor (Communications): ENG 200, 213, 221 or 222; three additional communica- 
tions courses (18 credits). 

Courses in English 

101 J 02. English as a Second Language. Emphasis on advanced reading, writing, 
listening, and speaking skills for students for whom English is the second language. 
The second semester is a continuation of the same skills. 3 credits. 

111,112. English Composition 1JI. Both semesters help the student find her or his 
own voice within the demands and expectations of public expression. Both courses 
emphasize the development of clear, organized, and rhetorically effective prose. 1 12 
also emphasizes reading and research skills. Prerequisite for 1 12: 1 1 1 or permission 
of chairperson. 3 credits. 



86 



200. Introduction to Literary Studies. An introduction to genres and to the basic 
methodology, tools, terminology, and concepts of the study of literature. 3 credits. 

210. Management Communications. The development of reading, writing, speak- 
ing and listening skills for business management. Prerequisite: ENG 111,112 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

213. Journalism. The development of the basic skills of journalistic writing such as 
interviewing, covering meetings, gathering and reporting news and features accord- 
ing to standard formats and styles; the course also discusses legal and ethical aspects 
of journalism. Prerequisite: ENG 1 1 1,1 12 or permission. 3 credits. 

216. Technical Writing. The development of writing skills within the context of 
specialized, usually technical or scientific, subject matters, with emphasis on style 
and forms. Prerequisite: ENG 1 1 1 and 1 12 or permission. 3 credits. 

218. Oral Communication. Introduction to oral communication, both formal and 
informal. 3 credits. 

219. Creative Writing: Fiction. A workshop in writing short fiction. 3 credits. 

220. Creative Writing: Poetry. A workshop in writing poetry. 3 credits. 

221. Survey of American Literature I. A survey of selected major American authors 
from the colonial period to about the Civil War. 3 credits. 

222. Survey of American Literature II. A survey of selected major American 
authors from about the Civil War to the present. 3 credits. 

225. Survey of English Literature I. A survey of selected major English authors to 
about 1800. 3 credits. 

226. Survey of English Literature II. A survey of selected major English authors 
from about 1 800 to the present. 3 credits. 

227. World Literature I. A survey of selected major writers from the early Hebrews 
and Greeks to the Renaissance. 3 credits. 

228. World Literature II. A survey of selected major writers from the Renaissance 
to the present. 3 credits. 

87 



311. Feature Writing. Instructions and practice in writing feature articles for 
newspapers, trade journals, and magazines; free lance marketing and market 
analysis. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

312. Radio and TV Writing. Theory and technique of writing news and features for 
broadcast media. Editing and rewriting press association dispatches, gathering local 
news, recording interviews, and preparing newscasts and feature programs. Prereq- 
uisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

313. Advertising Copy and Layout. Principles and techniques of copywriting; 
selection and presentation of sales points; creative strategy in production of layouts. 
Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

314. Public Relations. Purposes and methods of modern public relations as prac- 
ticed by business and industry, organizations and institutions, trades and professions. 
Public opinion evaluation. Planning of public relations programs. Prerequisite: ENG 
213. 3 credits. 

315. Editing. Editing theory and exercises in copyreading, rewriting, and headlin- 
ing. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

331. History and Traditional Grammar of English. An examination of the evolu- 
tion of English sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary, as well as a survey of 
conventions and current usage. 3 credits. 

332. Theory of Composition. A study of ancient and modern ideas on the writing 
process and the teaching of writing. 3 credits. 

334. The Novell. A survey of the development of the novel from the beginning of 
the genre through the Romantic period. 3 credits. 

335. The Novel II. A survey of the development of the novel from Realism to the 
present. 3 credits. 

336. Theater Workshop. A workshop in the elements of theater with classroom 
practice in production of scenes and whole plays. 3 credits. 

338. Dramatic Literature I. A survey of dramatic literature from the Greeks to about 
1850, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 3 credits. 



88 



339. Dramatic Literature II. A survey of dramatic literature from about 1 850 to the 
present, with attention to theater modes and techniques. 3 credits. 

341. Shakespeare I. A concentrated study of early Shakespearean drama, especially 
the comedies and the histories. 3 credits. 

342. Shakespeare II. A concentrated study of late Shakespearean drama, especially 
the tragedies and the romances. 3 credits. 

343. Major Authors. An examination of works of major authors in American, 
English, and World literature. 3 credits. 

390-399. Special Topics. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. The topics of this culmination of a liberal education in English vary. 
The course is taught as a seminar with much of the teaching being done by the 
students. 3 credits. 

Environmental Studies 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in environmental studies through 
the cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biology, 
economics, political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such students 
shall take BIO 11 1,1 12, 302; ECN 110, 120; MAS 161 or 111; MAS 170, regardless 
of major, and shall meet the general requirements of the college. See Cooperative 
Programs on page 28. 

Fine Arts (FAR) 

This course is offered to acquaint students with the connection between theater and 
dance performance which has been essential to the development and enrichment of 
the world's civilizations. The course is graded on a S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfac- 
tory) basis. 

Course in Fine Arts 

110. American Musical Stage Dance. Jazz techniques of American theatrical 
contemporary dance emphasizing form, style, and characterization. 1 credit. 



89 



Foreign Language (FLG) 

(See also French, German, Greek, Japanese and Spanish) 

The Foreign Languages department is described on page 42. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in foreign language. 

Major: FLG 250, 24 credits above the intermediate level in one language, 12 credits 
above the intermediate level in a second language (39 credits). For teaching 
certification FLG 440 is also required. 

Courses in Foreign Language 

250. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory study of language as a commu- 
nication system, designed for majors and non-majors and taught in English. 3 credits. 

260. Approaches to Culture. A survey of contemporary life in French, German and 
Spanish speaking countries. Topics may include customs, values, social structures, 
geography, and current issues. Taught in English. 3 credits. 

440. Methods of Teaching Foreign Language. A comprehensive study of modern 
teaching methods, with emphasis on basic skills for secondary school level instruc- 
tion. Prerequisite: FRN 316, SPA 316, orGMN 316. 2 credits. 

Forestry 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in forestry through the coopera- 
tive program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biology, economics, 
political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such students shall take BIO 
1 1 1, 1 12, 302; ECN 1 10, 120; MAS 161 or 1 1 1; MAS 170, regardless of major, and 
shall meet the general requirements of the college. See Cooperative Programs on 
page 28. 

French (FRN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 42. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in French. 



90 



Major: 24 credits in French above the intermediate level, FLG 250 (27 credits). 

Minor: 18 credits in French above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced 
conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in French 

101,102. Elementary French IJI. Introductory courses in French. 3 credits per 
semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational French IJI. A review of French grammar, 
emphasizing practice in conversation, comprehension, reading, and writing. Prereq- 
uisite: FRN 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to French Literature. Practice in the close reading of literary texts 
and in the basic language skills. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living French authors. 
Attention both to individual style, innovations in form, and the relationship of the 
writer to current problems. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

375. French Culture. A study of modem France. Special attention is given to those 
qualities, characteristics, and traditions that are uniquely French. Prerequisite: FRN 
202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken and 
written French. An advanced grammatical and stylistic level with emphasis on the 
use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 
credits. 

320. Business French. An introduction to the language of business and business 
practices. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. French Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of medieval 
French literature to 1600. Prerequisite: FRN 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. French Literature of the Age of Louis XIV. A study of major French authors 
of this era, the apogee of French civilization, including Corneille, Racine, Moliere. 
Prerequisite: FRN 311 or FRN 316 or permission. 3 credits. 



91 



430. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A study of the main literary and 
philosophical currents of the eighteenth century. Emphasis on the works of 
Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire, and Rousseau. Prerequisite: FRN 300 or FRN 316 
or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The Modern French Novel. A study of the French novel. Limited to the study 
of novels of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: FRN 31 1 or FRN 
316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A study of theater and poetry of the 
nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: FRN 31 1 or FRN 316 or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

General Education (GED) 

120. The Western Experience: Our Cultural Heritage. A study of how life in the 
late twentieth century has been influenced by historical developments in Europe and 
America, including the growth of science, the rise of national states, social classes 
and values, and changing views of the world. 3 credits. { Cross-listed as History 1 02. } 

140. Human Culture and Behavior. Culture as a context of human behavior. The 
nature and definition of culture. The biological and social sources of culture. Culture, 
language, personality. The impact of culture on social life and on the individual; 
examples from Western and non-Western sources. 3 credits. 

160. The Aesthetic Experience. The artist's achievement. Interrelationships among 
the arts. The creative process. Questions of form versus content. Art as the product 
of a specific socio-historical context. 3 credits. 

General Studies 

Associate Degree 

The associate degree program in general studies is intended for students who do not 
wish to concentrate in a single area. In this program students select their courses 
freely from among the arts, humanities, sciences, and social sciences. 

Degree: Associate of Arts or Associate of Science with a major in General Studies. 
Open only to students matriculated through the Continuing Education Office. 

Requirements: 27 credits from the general requirements including ENG 111, 112, 

92 



LSP 100 or 1 1 1 , and one course from each of the other General Requirement areas, 
except physical education; 33 credits of free electives; a cumulative grade point 
average of 2.00. 

Geography (GPY) 

Courses in geography are offered to acquaint students with the physical and cultural 
aspects of the world in which they live and to introduce them to geography as a 
discipline. The courses are recommended for all students who wish to broaden their 
understanding of the world. 

Courses in Geography 

111. Physical Geography and Its Impact. A survey of the physical aspects of the 
earth and its impact on life. Attention is given to the solar system, the earth's 
movements, climate, weather, landforms, ecology, environmental awareness, and 
the processes that form and change the earth's surface. Students explore through 
current events, geographic searches, slides, lectures, and discussions the impact that 
physical geography has on their everyday lives. Requirement for elementary 
education certification. Prerequisite: Elementary Education major or permission of 
instructor. 3 credits. 

112. Cultural Geography. A survey of the various geographic regions of the world 
and their cultural features, including their natural resources, economy, social and 
religious customs, food supply, populations, ecology, and topical geography. 
Students explore the events and forces that have divided the globe into two basic sets 
of countries, those of the technological world and those of the developing world. 
Special attention is given to heightening students' international awareness and 
appreciation for diverse cultures. 3 credits. 

211. American Cultural Geography. A study of how the natural environment has 
influenced the historic development of American culture, including the geographic 
distribution of population groups, religious denominations and practices, language 
patterns, architectural styles, and the like. 3 credits. 

German (GMN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 42. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in German. 



93 



Major: 24 credits in German above the intermediate level; FLG 250. (27 credits). 

Minor: 18 credits in German above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced 
conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in German 

101,102. Elementary German I JI. Introductory courses in German. 3 credits. 

201^02. Intermediate Con versational German I ,11. A review of German grammar, 
with practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: 
GMN 102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

210. Scientific German. An introduction to scientific writing in German. The 
vocabulary and syntax of scientific writing with emphasis on the accurate transla- 
tions of texts. Taught in English. Prerequisite: GMN 102. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to German Literature. Practice in the careful reading of literary 
texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 

3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living German authors. 
Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer to current 
problems. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. German Culture. Study of the major features of contemporary German life. 
Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken and 
written German on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on 
the use of the language in practical situations. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 
3 credits. 

320. Business German. An introduction to the language of business and business 
practices. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. The German Heritage. A survey of German culture and civilization including 
history, music, art, lileiature, and philosophy. Prerequisite: GMN 311 or 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 



94 



420. The Age of Heroes. An exploration of the idea held by writers from the 
medieval through the baroque periods that an exemplary individual is the proper 
measure and focus of human aspiration and achievement. Prerequisite: GMN 311 
or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Goethe and Schiller. A detailed study of these literary figures, with an 
examination of their society and artistic achievements. Prerequisite: GMN 311 or 
316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The German Novelle. The novelle as a literary genre as well as its development 
through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: GMN 311 or 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

450. German Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of representative works 
by leading authors of the century and current literary movements. Prerequisite: GMN 
3 1 1 or 3 1 6 or permission. 3 credits. 

Greek (GRK) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 42. 

101,102. Elementary Greek 1,11. Introductory study in the basics of ancient Greek. 
3 credits. 

201^202. Intermediate Greek 1,11. Readings from Greek literature. First semester 
includes readings from the New Testament Gospels. Second semester includes 
readings from Xenophon's Anabasis. Prerequisite: GRK 102. 3 credits. 

321. Readings from the Book of Acts. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 

322. Readings in Hellenistic Greek. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 

431. Readings from the Epistles of Paul. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 

432. Readings from the Greek Philosophers. Prerequisite: GRK 202. 3 credits. 
491-498. Special Topics. 1-6 credits. 



95 



Health Care Management 
The Management Department is described on page 45. 

The major in health care management is designed for people in health care fields who 
possess an associate degree or diploma and professional certification. These quali- 
fications are required for admission to the program. The program combines studies 
in the liberal arts and management, plus business practices common to the health 
care industry. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in health care management. 

Major: ACT 161, 162, ECN 110, 120, 315, ENG 11 1,210, LSP100.MGT 233, 330, 
487, PHL 260; SOC 324; 9-12 credits in sociology, psychology, or other disciplines 
approved by the Director of Continuing Education; and any four of the following 
courses (12 credits): MAS 170, MGT 222, 340, 350, 361, 371, 372, 384, 420, 425 
(60-63 total). 

Admission to this degree program is open only to adults who have completed 
successfully an accredited diploma or associate degree program also with certifica- 
tion by a state governmental agency or a national professional accrediting organi- 
zation in the following fields: Clinical Medical Assistant, Cytotechnologist, Dental 
Hygienist, Emergency Medical Technician, Medical Laboratory Technician, Nuclear 
Medicine Technologist, Occupational Therapy Assistant, Physical Therapy Assis- 
tant, Radiologic Technologist, Registered Nurse, Respiratory Therapist. 

Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional education in the medical (medicine, 
osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, and dentistry) and veteri- 
nary fields. Students interested in one of these careers usually follow a science 
curriculum with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional study, the 
student who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate in a cooperative 
program between the college and local veterinarians, specializing in both small and 
large animal medicine. Students not only receive credit for the work, but also gain 
valuable experience in the field. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the Pennsyl- 

96 



vania College of Podiatric Medicine have established an accelerated curriculum 
consisting of a minimum of 90 undergraduate semester hours and four years of 
podiatric medical education. Following three years of study at Lebanon Valley 
College a student may be recommended for further study at the Pennsylvania College 
of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon Valley College then awards the baccalaureate 
degree, with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry, to those students who 
complete successfully one year of basic science education at the Pennsylvania 
College of Podiatric Medicine. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study and offers 
advice and assistance to those persons interested in health professions careers. 

History (HIS) 

The History Department is described on page 44. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in history. 

Major: History is a two-track major. 

For students seeking secondary education certification to teach social studies, a 
history major requires HIS 101, 125, 126, 251, 351, two upper-level courses in U.S. 
history and two in non-U. S. history (27 credits). 

For all other students, the history major requires HIS 101, 125, 126,251,351,499, 
two upper-level courses in U.S. history and two in non-U. S. history, and two elective 
courses in history (36 credits). 

Minor: HIS 125, 126, 251; one upper-level course in U.S. history and two in non- 
U.S. history (18 credits). 

Courses in History 

101. Western Civilization to the Fourteenth Century. The development of the 
western world from its Near Eastern and Mediterranean origins to the eve of the 
Renaissance. 3 credits. 

102. Western Civilization from the Fourteenth Century to the Present. A study of 
how life in the late twentieth century has been influenced by historical developments 
in Europe and America, including the growth of science, the rise of nation states, 



97 



social classes and values, and changing views of the world. 3 credits. {Cross-listed 
as General Education 120. } 

125. Survey of United States History I. The story of America from Columbus to the 
Civil War. 3 credits. 

126. Survey of United States History II. The story of America from Reconstruction 
through the present. 3 credits. 

201. Ancient History: Greece and Rome. The beginnings of civilization with 
particular emphasis upon the cultural developments of the Greeks and Romans. 3 
credits. 

203. The Middle Ages. A study of the thousand-year period that saw the emergence 
of a Christian European civilization. Political, social, economic, and intellectual 
aspects are emphasized. 3 credits. 

205. Early Modern Europe. The Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, 
and the development of national political states, especially in the 17th and 18th 
centuries. 3 credits. 

206. Revolution & Nationalism, 1789-1914. A study of the effects of the French 
Revolution and the Industrial Revolution on Europe. Particular attention is paid to 
the rise of class antagonisms and national rivalries. 3 credits. 

207. Europe in the 20th Century. Developments in Europe from 1914 to the 
present, with particular attention to the impact of the world wars. 3 credits. 

225. The Colonies and the American Revolution. A study of how Europeans seized 
the New World, transformed themselves into Americans, and fought to build a 
republic in a hostile world of monarchies. 3 credits. 

226. Age of Jefferson & Jackson. How the old republican ideal of a virtuous 
agrarian society struggles to confront the new age of economic modernization, social 
diversity, and sectional tension. 3 credits. 

227. Civil War and Reconstruction. A study of how sectional divisions over slavery 
led to a bloody war and a bitter postwar effort to reshape Southern society. 3 credits. 

229. America in the Atomic Age. The impact of World War II, the cold war, social 
change, and international responsibilities upon America since 1941. 3 credits. 

98 



251. History and Historians. The lives and ideas of the great historians from ancient 
Greeks to recent America. 3 credits. 

253. Public History. An introduction to non-teaching careers in history. Students 
examine the basics of archival management, museum curatorship, editing, oral 
history, and specialized work in government, corporations, historical societies, 
libraries, preservation agencies, research agencies, foundations, and higher educa- 
tion. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as American Studies 253.} 

301. European Social History. An inquiry into the lives and experiences of ordinary 
folk. Topics include women, laboring classes, and popular culture. 3 credits. 

303. Nazi Germany and World War II. A look in depth at the nature of totalitari- 
anism, the German experience, the growth of the Nazi party, the emergence of Hitler, 
and the Holocaust. 3 credits. 

305. Intellectual History Since the Renaissance. A survey of the ideas that have 
dominated the development of Western Civilization, and the political, social, and 
economic context that gave them meaning. 3 credits. 

307. Survey of Russian History. The development of Russia and the Soviet Union 
from Kievan beginnings to the present, with emphasis upon the period since 1600. 
3 credits. 

321. American Social and Cultural History to 1860. A survey with emphasis on 
immigration and ethnicity, population growth, the role of women, the frontier, rural 
and urban life, religion, utopianism, education, literature, the arts, science, intellec- 
tual live, reform movements, and other factors influencing society. 3 credits. 

322. American Social and Cultural History Since 1860. A survey with emphasis 
on immigration and ethnicity, population trends, the role of women, the frontier, 
industrialization, urbanization, religion, education, literature, the arts, science and 
technology, intellectual life, reform movements, and other factors influencing 
society. 3 credits. 

325. American Business History to 1920. An analysis of the role of business in 
America from the colonial period to 1920. Topics include managerial leadership, 
entrepreneurship, the development of the American economy, and the relationships 
between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An examination of the 
transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one industry to another. 



99 



Instruction method includes industrial, corporate and managerial case studies, 
readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. (Cross listed as Management 325.) 

326. American Business History Since 1920. An analysis of the role of business in 
America during the twentieth century. Topics include managerial leadership, entre- 
preneurship, the development of the American economy, and the relationships 
between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An examination of the 
transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one industry to another is 
examined. Instruction method includes industrial, corporate and managerial case 
studies, readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. {Cross listed as Management 
326.} 

327. American Military History to 1890. A survey of American military institutions 
from Old World tradition through the Indian Wars with emphasis on the United 
States Army. 3 credits. 

328. American Military History Since 1890. A survey of American military insti- 
tutions from the Spanish- American War to the post-Persian Gulf War era with 
emphasis on the United States Army. 3 credits. 

344. History of the Far East. A survey of the political, economic, and cultural 
institutions of China and Japan, with special emphasis given to the Western impact 
on these institutions after 1500. 3 credits. 

351. Recent Interpretations of American History. A survey of the different ways 
historians have looked at the major events in American history from the colonial 
period to the Cold War. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. A study in depth of an important historical topic. May be taken more 
than once on different topics. Some seminars may emphasize reading and evaluating 
important works of history; others may emphasize the writing of a research paper 
based on original sources. 3 credits. 

Honors (HON) 

The Honors program and courses are described on page 26. 

Hotel Management (HTM) 

The Management Department is described on page 45. 



100 






Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in hotel management. 

M ajor: HTM 111, 112, 211, 222, 231, 311, 322, 331,411, 422, 431; ACT 161, 162; 
ECN 120; MGT 330, 340, 420, 485; ENG 210; PHL 260 (60 credits). 

Minor.UTM 111, 112,211,222,231,311; ACT 161 (21 credits). 

Courses in Hotel Management 

111. Introduction to the Hospitality Industry. History, development and operation 
of the hospitality industry. Emphasis on current organization, problems, opportuni- 
ties and trends. Overview of how the hospitality industry functions in the world 
economy. Management orientation stressed. 3 credits. 

112. Front Office Management. An analysis of the integrated functions of the front 
office and housekeeping departments. Topics include work and information flow 
within and between departments, demand forecasting, pricing strategies, reserva- 
tions and control, front desk responsibilities, guest services, emergency procedures, 
night auditing, and a general introduction to the art of innkeeping. Materials, 
equipment and techniques involved in the housekeeping function will also be 
analyzed. Prerequisite: HTM 111. 3 credits. 



211. Hotel Law. Funda- 
mentals of hotel law in- 
cluding innkeeperlaws and 
dramshop laws. The case 
study method develops an 
awareness and under- 
standing of the legal prob- 
lems confronting hotel 
managers. 3 credits. 

221. The Psychology and 
Sociology of Leisure. An 

analysis of the fundamen- 
tal psychological and so- 
ciological concepts and 
theories related to the mo- 




Internships play an important role in the Hotel 
Management Program. 



101 



tivation for travel. Review of consumer behavior in the hotel industry. Evaluating 
customer needs and services. Prerequisite: HTM 111 and permission. 3 credits. 

222. Food and Beverage Management I. Introduction to the food and beverage 
functions with emphasis on menu planning and purchasing. Includes fundamentals 
and language, systems, equipment, operational responsibilities, management orga- 
nizational patterns, nutrition, storage, and sanitation. Prerequisite: HTM 111. 3 
credits. 

231. Supervised Field Experience: Front Office Management. Emphasizes se- 
lected aspects of front office management. Accompanied by readings, reports, 
journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work 
in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: HTM 112 and permission. 3 credits. 

311. Advanced Hotel Management. An analysis of the following aspects of hotel 
organizations: health, safety and security; building and grounds; equipment pur- 
chase, repair and maintenance; facilities design; renovation and maintenance; 
internal controls; and energy management. Prerequisite: HTM 1 12. 3 credits. 

322. Food and Beverage Management II. Analysis of the food and beverage 
functions with emphasis on production and services. Prerequisite: HTM 112. 3 
credits. 

331. Supervised Field Experience: Marketing. Emphasizes selected aspects of 
marketing techniques and research. Accompanied by readings, reports, journals, and 
faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work in the hotel 
industry. Prerequisite: HTM 1 12, MGT 340 and permission. 3 credits. 

411. Hotel Financial Management. To develop an understanding of common 
techniques and methods by which management in the hospitality industry can 
interpret, analyze, and make decisions based on information provided by the 
accounting system. Prerequisite: ACT 161,162. 3 credits. 

422. Food and Beverage Management III. Advanced analyses of the food and 
beverage functions with emphasis on cost control and profit planning. Relevant 
computer software applications are reviewed in depth. Prerequisite: HTM 322. 3 
credits. 

431. Supervised Field Experience: Accounting and Finance. Emphasizes selected 
aspects of accounting and financial management concepts and techniques. Accom- 



102 



panied by readings, reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty- 
five (135) hours of field work in the hotel industry. 3 credits. 

International Business 

The program in International Business is offered jointly by the Foreign Languages 
Department which is described on page 42, and the Management Department, which 
is described on page 45. 

The program in international business provides an opportunity to integrate the study 
of business with the knowledge of a foreign language and culture. It is designed to 
equip students with the background and skills necessary to work with foreign 
corporations within the United States and with American corporations abroad. 
While acquiring a strong liberal arts background, students who elect this major will 
receive training in accounting, management, economics and political science. They 
also will become familiar with a foreign culture and will acquire proficiency in 
French, German or Spanish. International business majors are encouraged to apply 
for internships to gain valuable field experience. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in international business. 

Major: ACT 161, 162; ECN 1 10, 120, 332; MGT 233, 330, 340, 361, 376, 485; two 
courses from PSC210, 230, or312; MAS 150orl60or 161 or 111; MAS 170or270, 
or 372; FRN, GMN, SPA 315, 316; and two other courses in the selected foreign 
language above the intermediate level (57 credits). 

Japanese (JPN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 42. 

Courses in Japanese 

101,102. Elementary Japanese /,//. Introductory courses in Japanese. 4 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Japanese IJI. A continuation of Japanese 
grammar, and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. Prereq- 
uisite: JPN 102 or equivalent. 4 credits. 

Leadership Studies (LSP) 

The program in Leadership Studies is described on page 42. 

103 



Courses in Leadership 

100, 111. Theories and Applications of Leadership Processes. Theories and con- 
cepts of leadership, power and authority. Analysis of their practical applications. 
Specific areas to be covered include group dynamics, communication skills, conflict 
resolution, motivation, decision-making, values clarification, self-assessment, and 
ethics. Prerequisite for LSP 111, permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

330. Ethical Issues and Values in Leadership. A critical examination of the ethical 
and valuational questions that reside at the core of both leadership and leadership 
theories. Prerequisite: LSP 100 or 1 1 1. 3 credits. 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Models and theories of leadership as exempli- 
fied in selected case studies. Analysis of leadership in other cultures and assessment 
of the student's own leadership style are also included. Prerequisite: LSP 100 or 1 1 1, 
PHL 160 or REL 222. 3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Prerequisite: LSP 350. 3-12 credits. 

Management (MGT) 

The Management Department is described on page 45. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in management. 

Major: ACT 161, 162; ECN 110, 120; ENG210;MGT 222,233,330, 340, 361, 371, 
460,483,485;MAS150(orlllorl60orl61);MAS170(or270or372);PHL260 
(51 credits). 

Courses in Management 

100. Business and Its Environment. An overview of business operations for the 
non-business major. Specialized fields within business organizations are analyzed. 
The environment and the role of business in modern society are examined. Not open 
to accounting, economics, management, or international business majors. 3 credits. 

222. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative methods 
used in modern management and economics. Topics include probability concepts, 



104 



forecasting, decision theory, linear programming, queuing theory, network models, 
and Markov analysis. Prerequisites: MAS 150 and 170. 3 credits. (Cross-listed as 
Economics 222.} 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic Environ- 
ment. An introduction to personal computers and their use as a business manage- 
ment tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory exercises the student learns 
commonly used business applications. Topics covered include word processing, 
electronic spreadsheets, database management, business graphics, decision support 
systems, and integrated accounting packages. Prerequisite: ACT 151 or 161, ECN 
1 10 or 120, orpermission. 3 credits. {Cross listed as Accounting 233 and Economics 
233.} 

250. Real Estate Fundamentals and Practice. This course acquaints the student 
with aspects of listing, selling, and leasing property. Includes listing and selling 
techniques; contracts; financing including FHA and VA; qualifying the customer; 
settlement procedures including prorations; and special fields of real estate such as 
development and construction. 3 credits. 

325. American Business History to 1920. An analysis of the role of business in 
America from the colonial period to 1920. Topics include managerial leadership, 
entrepreneurship, the development of the American economy, and the relationships 
between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An examination of the 
transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one industry to another. 
Instruction method includes industrial, corporate and managerial case studies, 
readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. {Cross listed as History 325.) 

326. American Business History Since 1920. An analysis of the role of business in 
America during the twentieth century. Topics include managerial leadership, entre- 
preneurship, the development of the American economy, and the relationships 
between business, government, trade unionism, and society. An examination of the 
transfer of technology, methodology and resources from one industry to another is 
examined. Instruction method includes industrial, corporate and managerial case 
studies, readings, and classroom discussion. 3 credits. { Cross listed as History 326. } 

330. Principles of Management and Organizations. A study of management 
principles, organizational theory, and administrative techniques as applied to the 
effective and efficient operation of both profit and nonprofit organizations. Empha- 
sizes the organization's structure, leadership, interpersonal relationships, and 
managerial functions. 3 credits. 



105 



340. Principles of Marketing. An overview of marketing from the management 
perspective. Topics include marketing strategies; marketing research; consumer 
behavior, selecting target markets; developing, pricing, distributing, and promoting 
products and services and non-profit marketing. Prerequisite: junior standing or 
permission. 3 credits. 

341. Consumer Behavior. Analysis of factors affecting purchase decisions in the 
marketplace; application of behavioral and social science concepts to the study of 
consumer behavior. Emphasis on use of knowledge of consumer behavior for 
marketing decisions. Prerequisite: MGT 330 and MGT 340, or permission. 
3 credits. 

350. Organizational Behavior and Development. A detailed study of theories and 
models of organizational behavior and development, with emphasis on the practical 
application of these models in the workplace to improve individual, group, and 
organizational performance. Prerequisite: junior standing and MGT 330, or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

361. Managerial Finance. A study of financial management covering analysis of 
asset, liability and capital relationships and operations; management of current 
assets and working capital; capital planning and budgeting; capital structure and 
dividend policy; short and intermediate term financing; internal and external long 
term financing; mergers and acquisitions; multinational operations; and corporation 
failures and liquidation. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or ACT 162; ECN 1 10, 120; MGT 
222. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. An analysis of investment and its relation to other economic, 
legal, and social institutions. The course includes discussion of investment 
principles, machinery, policy, management investment types, and the develop- 
ment of portfolios for individuals and institutions. Prerequisite: MGT 361. 
3 credits. 

364. Advertising. The role advertising plays in American life and its effect upon 
consumer behavior. Analysis of media strategies, functions of advertising agencies, 
creation of successful advertisements, and the legal and ethical restraints on 
advertising. Prerequisite: MGT 340. 3 credits. 

371. Business Law I. Elementary principles of law relating to the field of business. 
The course covers contracts, government regulation of business, consumer protec- 



106 






tion, bankruptcy, personal property, real estate, bailments, insurance and estates. 
Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162 highly recommended. 3 credits. 

372. Business Law II. A study of the elementary principles of law relating to 
business. Covers the areas of: agency, employment, commercial paper, security 
devices, insurance, partnerships, corporation, estates, bankruptcy. Prerequisite: 
ACT 152 or 162 highly recommended. 3 credits. 

376. International Business Management. A study of the management techniques 
and procedures in international and multinational organizations. Prerequisite: MGT 
340. 3 credits. 

380. Small Business Management. A study of small business, including organiza- 
tion, staffing, production, marketing, and profit planning. Cases are used extensively 
in presenting the course material. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162, MGT 330, or 
permission. 3 credits. 

384. Marketing Research. This course is an introduction to the methodology of 
marketing research. Specific topics covered include problem formulation, research 
design, sample design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of data, and 
presentation of research findings. Prerequisite: MGT 330 and MGT 340. 
3 credits. 

420. Human Resource Management. This course examines the problems in 
effectively recruiting, selecting, training, developing, compensating, and disciplin- 
ing human resources. It includes discussions on both equal employment oppor- 
tunity and labor-management relations. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or permission. 
3 credits. 

425. Labor Management Relations. Emphasis on the origin, growth, and develop- 
ment of labor organizations and the impact of such organizations on management 
practices. Topics included are: legislation affecting industrial relations; collective 
bargaining process; contract administration; industrial jurisprudence; and. arbitra- 
tion. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or permission. 3 credits. 

460. Management Information Systems. Examines data sources and the role of 
information in the organization for purposes of management planning, operations, 
and control in various types of business environments. Treats information as a key 



107 



organization resource parallel to people, money, materials, and technology. Prereq- 
uisite: ACT 152 or 162, CSC 147 or 170, MGT 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

483. Production and Operations Management. An overview of the production/ 
operations management function as applied to both manufacturing and service 
organizations. It provides a background of the concepts and processes used in the 
production/service operations area. Integrated throughout are considerations of the 
information systems, the people involved, the quantitative techniques employed, 
and the international implications. Prerequisite: MGT 222 and MGT 330, or 
permission. 3 credits. 

485. Business Policy. A capstone course to study administrative processes under 
conditions of uncertainty, integrating prior studies in management, accounting, and 
economics. Uses the case method and a computer simulation. Prerequisite: senior 
standing or permission. 3 credits. 

487. Health Care Management. A capstone course to study the administrative 
processes of America's health care industry including institutional infra- structure, 
governance systems, financial systems, personnel systems, quality controls, nursing 
and clinical services, and marketing. The course integrates prior study in health care, 
management, accounting, and economics. Students will develop problem solving 
skills and an appropriate management style. Prerequisite: senior standing or permis- 
sion. 3 credits. 

Mathematics (MAS) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 47. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in mathematics. 

Major: MAS 111, 112, 202, 222, 251, five additional MAS courses numbered 200 
or higher subject to: no more than one numbered below MAS 300, at least one of 270 
or 372, at least one of 322, 325, 41 1,412, at least one of 335, 363; MAS 498, MAS 
499; CSC 125 (39 credits). 

Minor: MAS 1 6 1 , 1 62, 202, 222, 25 1 , and one MAS course numbered 300 or higher; 
CSC 125 (22 credits). 

The mathematics minor is not available for actuarial science majors. No course 
outside of the core (MAS 111,112, 202, 222, CSC 125) may be used to meet the 



108 



requirements of more than one major or minor within the Department of Mathemati- 
cal Sciences. 

Courses in Mathematics 

100. Basic Concepts of Mathematics. A study of a variety of topics in mathematics. 
Topics may include: patterns and inductive reasoning, calculators, number systems, 
nature of algebra, interest, installment buying, and geometric concepts. 3 credits. 

102. Pre-Calculus, Algebra and Trigonometry. A review of college algebra and 
trigonometry. Algebraic expressions and equations, inequalities, absolute value, 
exponents, logarithms, functional notation, graphs of functions, systems of equa- 
tions, modeling and work problems, angular measurement, trigonometric functions, 
identities, formulas, radian measure, graphs of trigonometric and inverse functions. 
3 credits. 

111,112. Analysis IJI. A rigorous calculus sequence for departmental majors and 
other students desiring a theoretical presentation of elementary calculus. Prerequi- 
site: placement testing or MAS 102. 5 credits per semester. 

150. Finite Mathematics. Introduction to finite mathematics with emphasis on 
economic and business applications. Topics include: sets, lines and systems of 
equations, matrices, linear programming, probability, statistics, Markov processes, 
mathematics of finance. 3 credits. 

161. Calculus I. The first course of a calculus sequence with emphasis on applica- 
tions. Functions and limits, differentiation, integration, introduction to logarithm 
and exponential functions. Prerequisite: placement testing or MAS 102. 3 credits. 

162. Calculus II. Continuation of topics from MAS 161 . Additional applications of 
differentiation and integration, logarithm and exponential functions, inverse trigo- 
nometric and hyperbolic functions, improper integrals, Hopital's rule, infinite series, 
and conic sections. Prerequisite: MAS 161.4 credits. 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics 
include: graphical representation, measure of central tendency, probability, bino- 
mial distribution, normal distribution, hypothesis testing, and estimation. 3 credits. 

202. Foundations of Mathematics. Introduction to logic, set theory and cardinal 
numbers. Prerequisite: MAS 1 12 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 



109 



211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis 1,11 and Calculus I and II. Prerequisite: 
MAS 1 12 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, and systems of equations. Prerequisite: 
MAS 1 12 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

251. Discrete Mathematics. Introduction to mathematical ideas used in computing 
and the information sciences: logic, boolean algebra, sets and sequences, matrices, 
combinatorics, induction, relations, and finite graphs. Prerequisite: MAS 1 1 1 or 
MAS 161. 3 credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order differential equations, partial 
differential equations. Prerequisite: MAS 211. 3 credits. 

270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of MAS 170. Prerequisite: MAS 
1 1 1 , 1 6 1 or permission of instructor. 3 credits. (Credit may not be received for both 
MAS 170 and 270.) 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, fields. Prerequisite: MAS 

222. 3 credits. 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic development of Absolute, Euclidean and non-Euclidean 
geometries. Prerequisite: MAS 112 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

335. Operations Research I. Linear programming, dynamic programming, integer 
programming, queueing theory, project scheduling, stochastic simulation, and 
decision analysis. Prerequisite: MAS 222,371. 3 credits. 

336. Operations Research II. Continuation of topics from MAS 335, and selected 
topics from goal programming, network analysis, game theory, stochastic processes, 
inventory theory, forecasting, and reliability. Prerequisite: MAS 335. 3 credits. 

342. Teaching Mathematics. A course for those preparing to teach mathematics at 
the secondary level. Topics include: issues and trends in mathematics education, 
history of mathematical pedagogy, enrichment and professional development re- 
sources, teaching techniques, and use of technology. Prerequisite: Core. 3 credits. 

363. Numerical Computation. A survey with topics from: finite arithmetic, root- 
finding algorithms, numerical integration and differentiation, interpolation, systems 
of equations, splines, numerical solution of differential equations, Monte Carlo 



110 



methods, optimization, least squares. Prerequisite: MAS 1 12 or MAS 162 and CSC 
125. 3 credits. 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, discrete and continuous and 
distributions. Prerequisite: MAS 112. 3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. A theoretical introduction to estimation, tests of 
hypotheses, regression, and analysis of variance. Prerequisite: MAS 371. 3 credits. 

411. Real Analysis. Topology of the real numbers. Continuity, convergence. 
Measure theory, Lebesque Integration. Prerequisite: Core. 3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. Analytic functions. Cauchy theorem, con- 
formal mapping. Prerequisite: Core. 3 credits. 

471. Applied Statistics. An application oriented presentation of analysis of variance, 
regressions, and time series analysis. Prerequisite: MAS 372. 3 credits. 

498. Problem Solving! Recreational Math. A survey of interesting, challenging, and 
entertaining problems with emphasis on problem solving techniques. Prerequisite: 
Core. 1 credit. 

499. Famous Problems. A survey of famous problems from mathematics; solved 
and unsolved, ancient and modern. Prerequisite: Core. 1 credit. 

Medical Technology 

Degree: Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology 

Major: BIO 111,112, 306, 322, eight additional credits in biology; CHM 111,112, 
113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216; PHY 103, 104; MAS 170 (51 credits). The senioryear 
is spent off-campus at an accredited hospital school of medical technology. It is the 
student's responsibility to apply and become accepted into a hospital program. 
Thirty (30) semester hours of credit are awarded for the successful completion of this 
year. 

In addition to the degree described above, Lebanon Valley College also offers a 
"2+2" cooperative program in medical technology with Thomas Jefferson Univer- 
sity and a "2+3" program with Hahnemann University, both in Philadelphia. The 
programs are described on pages 28 and 29. 



Ill 



Military Science (MIL) 

The Military Science program is described on page 51. 

Requirements: MIL 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 402; HIS 327, 328. 

Courses in Military Science 

101,102. Introduction to Military Science. Emphasis on developing self-confi- 
dence and bearing. Instruction and weekly practical training in such basic skills as 
map reading, rappelling, weapons, communications, first aid, tactical movements, 
customs and courtesies, public speaking, and leadership. Meets one hour per week 
each semester. Also two to three Saturdays of adventure training and one formal 
social event each semester. 1 credit each semester. 

201^02. Application of Military Science. Advanced instruction in topics intro- 
duced in the first year. Participation in operations and basic tactics to demonstrate 
leadership problems and to develop leadership skills. Meets two hours per week each 
semester. Also two to three Saturdays of adventure training and one formal social 
event each semester. 1 credit each semester. 

301,302. Advanced Application of Military Science. Emphasis on leadership. 
Situations require direct interaction with other cadets and test the student's ability to 
meet goals and to get others to do the same. Students master basic tactical skills of 
the small unit leader. Meets two hours per week and selected weekends each 
semester. Prerequisite: Open only to Advanced Course cadets. 1 credit each 
semester. 

401,402. Command and Staff. Emphasis is placed on developing planning and 
decision-making capabilities in the areas of military operations, logistics, and 
administration. Meets two hours per week and selected weekends each semester. 
Prerequisite: Open only to Advanced Course cadets. 1 credit each semester. 

Music (MSC) 

The Music Department is described on page 52. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Arts in Music; Bachelor of Science in Music Education; and 
Bachelor of Music: Empnasis in Sound Recording Technology. 

Majors: Core courses in all music degree programs are: MSC 099, 1 15, 1 16, 1 17, 

112 






118, 215, 217, 246, 328, 341 and 342. MSC 530 for B.S. and B.M. candidates, and 
MSC 540 for B.A. candidates. In addition, music majors will be in either MSC 601 , 
602, 603 or 604 each semester, exceptions noted previously. 

Music (B.A.): Core courses plus: Piano concentration: MSC 216,306,316,406 and 
600; Voice concentration: MSC 216,233,326 and 327; Organ concentration: MSC 
216,316,351, and 352; Instrumental concentration: MSC 2 16, 345, 403 ,405 and 4 16; 
Sacred Music concentration: MSC 216,347,51 or 334, and 422; Theory/Composi- 
tion concentration: MSC 216,315,329,416 and 500: Senior Composition Project. 

Music Education (B.S.): Core courses plus: MSC 123, 124, 127,216,228,231,232, 
316,333, 334,335,336, 337, 338, 345or 347,416,441, EDU110,PSY120,and 220. 
Music education majors are permitted to register for only one half-hour lesson in 
their principal performance medium during the student teaching semester if they are 
preparing a recital. 

Sound Recording Technology (B.M.): Core courses plus: RCT 277, 278, 377, 386, 
388, 400, 487, PHY 103, 104 (fulfills Area 6 requirement), 110, 212, 350, MAS 102 
(or higher), CSC 125 or MGT 233 (fulfills Area 3 computer requirement). 

Minor: MSC 099 (two semesters), 100, 1 15, 1 16, 1 17, 341 or 342 plus one music 
literature elective: MSC 120, 200, 341 or 342. Minors also take MSC 530 for four 
semesters (not included in tuition), and must participate in a music ensemble for four 
semesters. 

Student Recitals 

Student recitals are of inestimable value to all music students in acquainting them 
with a wide range of the best music literature, and in developing musical taste and 
discrimination. Performing in a recital provides the experience of appearing before 
an audience and helps to develop self reliance and confident stage demeanor. 
Students at all levels of performance ability appear on regularly scheduled student 
recitals depending on their degree program, performance readiness, and in consul- 
tation with the private teacher. 

Courses in Music 

099. Recital Attendance. Designed for music majors and minors and graded on a 
Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis. Music core course. credits. 

100. Introduction to Music. For the non-music major, a survey of Western music 

113 



designed to increase the individual's musical perception. May not be taken if the 
student has completed MSC 341 and/or 342. Fulfills Area 7 general education 
requirement for non-music majors. 3 credits. 

110. Class Piano for Beginners. 1 credit. 

///. Class Guitar for Beginners. Student provides their own instrument. 1 credit. 

115. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music and their notation. Harmoniza- 
tion of melodies and basses with fundamental triads. Analysis. Music core course. 
2 credits. 

116. Harmony II. A study of diatonic tonal harmony, including all triads and seventh 
chords, nonharmonic material and elementary modulation. Music core course. 2 
credits. 

117. Ear Training and Sight Singing I. The singing and aural recognition of inter- 
vals, scales, triads and simple harmonic progressions. Music core course. 2 credits. 

118. Ear Training and Sight Singing II. A continuation of MSC 117, emphasizing 
clef reading, modality, modulation and more complicated rhythmic devices and 
harmonic patterns. Music core course. 2 credits. 

120. American Music History. A historical survey of American music emphasizing 
stylistic developments and illustrative musical examples from colonial times to the 
present. Includes American musical theater, jazz, folk and popular styles. 3 credits. 

123. Brass I. A study of the trumpet and trombone. Emphasis on pedagogical 
techniques. 1 credit. 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the brass family (horn, baritone, tuba). 
Emphasis on pedagogical techniques. Mixed brass ensemble experience. 1 credit. 

127. Percussion I. A study of the snare drum. 1/2 credit. 

200. Topics in Music. Designed primarily for the non-music major, the course will 
focus on genre and period studies. 3 credits. 

215. Harmony III. A study of chromatic tonal harmony, including secondary 



114 



dominants, augmented sixth chords, tertian extensions, altered chords and advanced 
modulation. Music core course. 2 credits. 

216. Harmony IV. A study of twentieth-century compositional techniques, includ- 
ing modal and whole-tone materials, quartal harmony, polychords, atonality , serialism 
and various rhythmic and metric procedures. 2 credits. 

21 7. Ear Training and Sight Singing III. A continuation of MSC 118, emphasizing 
chromatic materials and more complex modulations, chord types, rhythms and 
meters. Music core course. 2 credits. 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elementary educa- 
tion majors in developing music skills for the classroom, including the playing of 
instruments, singing, notation, listening, movement, and creative applications. 3 
credits. {Cross-listed as Elementary Education 220.} 

228. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the percussion instruments (timpani, 
bass drum and others). 1/2 credit. 

231. Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet. 1 credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the woodwind family (flute, oboe, 
saxophone, bassoon). 1 credit. 

233. Diction. An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's English, German, 
French, Italian, and Latin, utilizing the International Phonetic Alphabet. Required 
of voice concentration majors, the course is open to other students with permission 
of the instructor. 2 credits. 

246. Principles of Conducting. Principles of conducting and baton technique. Stu- 
dents conduct ensembles derived from class personnel. Music core course. 2 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in Music Education. Supervised field experiences in appro- 
priate settings. Required pass/fail. Prerequisites: EDU 110 and permission. 1-3 
credit(s). 

306. Piano Literature. A survey of the development of the piano and its literature 
with emphasis on piano methods books and related materials. 2 credits. 

315. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three- and four- 
part work in all the species. 2 credits. 

115 



316. Keyboard Harmony. Score reading and the realization of figured bass at the 
keyboard, transposition, and improvisation. The successful completion of a piano 
jury is required for admission to the course. 2 credits. 

326. Vocal Literature. A survey of solo vocal literature with emphasis on teaching 
repertoire. Extensive listening is required. Students may have opportunities to 
perform the works studied. 2 credits. 

327. Vocal Pedagogy. This course prepares the advanced voice student to teach 
private lessons at the secondary school level. Students are expected to develop vocal 
exercise procedures, become familiar with suitable teaching repertoire and apply 
teaching procedures in a laboratory situation. Selected writings in vocal pedagogy 
and voice therapy will be studied. 2 credits. 

328. Form and Analysis I. A study through analysis and listening of simple and 
compound forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and sonata forms. Emphasis 
is placed primarily upon structural content. The course provides experience and skill 
in both aural and visual analysis. Music core course. 2 credits. 

329. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis and listening of fugal forms, 
suite, complex sonata forms and techniques for analysis of certain contemporary 
styles of music. 2 credits. 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. A comprehensive study 
of general music teaching at the elementary school level, the philosophy of music 
education, varied approaches for developing conceptual learning and music skills, 
creative applications, and analysis of materials. 3 credits. 

334. Choral Literature and Methods. A study of literature, materials, and ap- 
proaches appropriate for choral and general music classes in grades 6-12. 3 credits. 

335. Instrumental Literature and Methods. A study of literature, materials, phi- 
losophy, and methods applicable to the teaching of instrumental ensembles (includ- 
ing marching band) from elementary through high school levels. 3 credits. 

336. Music Education Field Practicum. Students are placed in schools one hour per 
week where they are involved in a teaching/learning environment. 1 credit. 

337. String I. A study of violin, viola, cello, string bass. 1 credit. 

338. String II. A continuation of MSC 337. 1 credit. 

116 



341. History and Literature of Music I. A survey course in the history of Western 
music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustrative musical examples, 
from early music through the seventeenth century. Fulfills Area 7 general education 
requirement for non-music majors. Music core course. 3 credits. 

342. History and Literature of Music II. A survey course in the history of Western 
music, with emphasis on stylistic developments and illustrative musical examples, 
from the eighteenth century to the present. Fulfills Area 7 general education 
requirement for non-music majors. Music core course. 3 credits. 

345. Advanced Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical work with instru- 
mental groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual experience. 2 
credits. 

347. Advanced Choral Conducting. Emphasis is on advanced technique with and 
without baton, score preparation, interpretation and pedagogy relating to choral 
organizations. 2 credits. 

351. Organ Literature. A historical survey of representative organ literature from 
earliest times to the present day. 2 credits. 

352. Organ Pedagogy. Designed with a practical focus, this course surveys various 
methods of organ teaching. Laboratory teaching and selection of appropriate 
technical materials for all levels are included. 2 credits. 

401. Instrument Repair. A laboratory course in diagnosing and making minor repair 
of band and orchestral instruments. 2 credits. 

403. Instrumental Pedagogy. A survey of teaching materials that relate to the 
student's performance area. Students may be expected to apply teaching procedures 
in a laboratory situation. 2 credits. 

405. Instrumental Literature. A survey of literature (solo and chamber) that relate 
to the student's performance area. 2 credits. 

406. Piano Pedagogy. A practical course that explores fundamental principles 
necessary to be an effective piano teacher. Subjects include practice techniques, 
memorization and the selection of appropriate technical materials for both beginners 
and advanced students. Laboratory teaching may be required of the student. 2 credits. 



117 



416. Orchestration. A study of instrumentation and the devices and techniques for 
scoring transcriptions, arrangements and solos for orchestra and band, with special 
emphasis on practical scoring for mixed ensembles as they occur in public schools. 
Laboratory analysis and performance. Scoring of original works. 2 credits. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. A course that acquaints students 
with the total church music program. Topics include the development of a choir 
program, methods and techniques of rehearsal, budget preparation, and committee 
and pastoral relationships. 3 credits. 

441. Student Teaching. Music education majors spend a semester in the music 
department of a school district under the supervision of cooperating teachers. 
Prerequisites: 

(1) a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.00 during the first six semesters 

(2) successful completion of piano and voice juries; (3) completion of music core 
courses and MSC 123,124,127,216,228,231,232,316,333,334,335,336, including 
field experiences, 345 or 347 and EDU 110; (4) approval of the music faculty. 
Students are responsible for transportation; the college cannot insure that student 
teaching placement can be in a local geographic area. 6/6 for a total of 12 credits. 

500. Independent Study. See requirements on page XX. 1-3 credit(s). 

510. Class Piano Instruction. Designed for music majors with minimal piano skills. 
Prepares the student to meet the department piano proficiency requirements. 1 credit. 

520. Class Voice Instruction. Designed for but not restricted to music majors with 
minimal vocal skills. Prepares the student to meet the department voice proficiency 
requirements. 1 credit. 

530. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestral and Band Instruments). 1 
credit. 

540. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestral and Band Instruments). A 
charge is made for the second half-hour of instruction except where required by 
degree. 2 credits. 

600. Accompanying. Under the guidance of a piano instructor the piano concentra- 
tion student prepares accompaniments for recital performance. One credit per 
semester is given for one solo recital or two half recitals. A maximum of two credits, 
usually distributed over the last three years, may be earned. 1-2 credit(s). 



118 



Music Ensembles 

601. Marching Band. The principal band experience during the fall semester open 
to all students by audition. Performs for home football games. Practical lab 
experience for music education majors. Each semester satisfies 1 credit of Physical 
Activity (Area 9) of the general education requirements. Satisfies large ensemble 
requirement. 1 credit. 

602. Symphonic Band. The principal band experience during the spring semester, 
open to all students by audition. The Symphonic Band performs original literature 
as well as arrangements of standard repertoire. Satisfies large ensemble requirement. 
1 credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. A wide variety of symphonic literature is studied and 
performed. In the second semester the orchestra accompanies soloists in a concerto- 
aria concert and on occasion combines with choral organizations for the performance 
of a major work. Open to all students by audition. Satisfies large ensemble 
requirement. 1 credit. 

604. Concert Choir. Open to all students by audition, the Concert Choir performs all 
types of choral literature. In addition to local concerts, the choir tours annually. 
Satisfies large ensemble requirement. 1 credit. 

605. Chamber Choir. Open to all students by audition, the Chamber Choir performs 
chamber vocal literature from madrigals to vocal jazz. 1/2 credit. 

610. Woodwind Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Clarinet Choir. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 2. Flute Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 3. Woodwind Quintet. 1/2 credit. 

615. Brass Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Brass Quintet. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 2. Tuba Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 3. Low Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 4. Valley Slides. 1/2 credit. 

61 6. Percussion Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
620. String Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

119 



625. Jazz Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Jazz Band. 1/2 credit. 

Sec. 2. Small Jazz Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

630. Chamber Ensembles. 1/2 credit. 

635. Handbell Choir. 

Sec. 1. Beginning. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 2. Advanced. 1/2 credit. 



Courses in Sound Recording Technology 

277. Recording Technology I. An introduction to the fundamentals of sound re- 
cording technology. Topics include sound and listening, the basic audio chain, 
microphones, analog tape machines, basic mixers, and equipment interface. Mastery 
of the fundamentals will facilitate students to engineer simple and multi-microphone 
two-track stereo recordings. Prerequisite for non-majors: permission of the instruc- 
tor. 3 credits. 



278. Recording Technology II. This course begins with multi-track consoles and 
tape machines, and continues study of multi-track techniques and mixdown, micro- 
phone placement, reverberation, equalization, compressors and expanders, noise 
reduction, and the decibel. Emphasis is on critical listening and practical applica- 
tions. Students learn to engineer multi-microphone, multi-track recordings and 
mixdown sessions. Prerequisite: RCT 277. 3 credits. 

377. Recording Technology III. This course examines advanced techniques of 
recording and mixing, special effects and digital effects processors, and analog tape 
machine theory and alignment. Also studied are digital technologies, and time code 
usage. Mastery of these topics will facilitate students to engineer multi -microphone 
multi -track production. Prerequisite: RCT 278. 3 credits. 

386. Recital Recording Practicum. Students record a chamber music performance, 
applying researched techniques, and produce a recording comparable to commercial 
release standards. Prerequisite: RCT 377. 1 credit. 

388. Audio Topics Practicum. Students study topics of individual interest, ranging 
from research to production, technique, and maintenance. Prerequisite: RCT 377; 
non-majors require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

120 



487. Advanced Audio Topics Practicum. Students study senior level topics of 
individual interest including advanced research, applications, and production. 
Prerequisite: RCT 377; non-majors require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. See requirements on page XX. 1-3 credit(s). 

Philosophy (PHL) 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 63. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in philosophy. 

Major: PHL 120, 160, 300; at least one course from PHL 301-336; 12 additional 
credits in philosophy (24 credits). 

Minor: PHL 160, 300; at least one course from PHL 301-336; 9 additional credits in 
philosophy (18 credits). 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. Examination of major philosophical issues and the 
ways major philosophers have dealt with them. 3 credits. 

120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective thinking. 
Attention is given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the logic 
of factual inquiry. Main emphasis is upon deductive logic. Students are introduced 
to the elements of symbolic logic as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 3 credits. 

160. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of values applied to human 
conduct, with an examination of the responses of major ethical theories to those 
problems. 3 credits. 

215. Social Philosophy. An examination of some of the important philosophical 
issues, including the ethical and valuational, to be found in the social institutions of 
politics, law, government, and religion. 3 credits. 

220. Political Philosophy. A survey of the different Western philosophies and 
theories of government, ancient and modern, but especially since the sixteenth 
century. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as Political Science 220.} 

230. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues raised for philosophy by 

121 



contemporary religious and theological thought. The course includes critical exami- 
nations of such problems as faith and reason; the meaning of revelation, symbolism, 
and language; the arguments for the existence of God; faith and history; religion and 
culture. 3 credits. 

240. American Philosophy. A survey of philosophical thought in the United States 
from the colonial period to the present, with emphasis on the work of Peirce, James, 
and Dewey. 3 credits. 

260. Ethical Issues in Organizations. An examination of ethics and values within 
the context of modern corporate organizations. The course considers issues pertinent 
to corporate responsibility, whistle-blowing, the profit motive, consumerism, brib- 
ery, conflict of interest, and cost/benefit analysis. Some attention is given to classical 
ethical theories; a considerable portion of the course is devoted to case analysis. 
Prerequisite: MGT 330 or PHL 1 10 or by permission (management majors musthave 
junior standing). 3 credits. 

300. History of Philosophy. The development of philosophical thought from the 
pre-Socratics through the nineteenth century, with emphasis on philosophy as a 
discipline of systematic inquiry. 3 credits. 

301-335. Major Authors. Intensive studies of individual great philosophers or 
principal schools. Prerequisite: PHL 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. An examination of representative American, 
British, and Continental philosophers from 1900 to the present. Prerequisite: PHL 
300 or permission. 3 credits. 

Physical Education (PED) 

The Physical Education Department is described on page 57. 

The college does not offer a major or minor in physical education. 

Courses in Physical Education 

102. Aerobic Exercises. A combination of exercise and dance steps in rhythmic 
movements. The course promotes the value of a total fitness program, including diet 
and weight control and heart rate monitoring. 1 credit. 



122 



113. Bowling. Instruction in the techniques, etiquette, history and method of 
scoring. About eight weeks will be spent in league play. 1 credit. 

122. Fitness. Examination of varied programs for fitness, with emphasis on diet and 
weight control, cardiovascular efficiency, strength improvement, and flexibility 
training. 1 credit. 

125. Golf. Instruction in the techniques, tactics, rules and etiquette of golf. 1 credit. 

135. Racquetball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and different forms of 
competition used in racquetball. 1 credit. 

146. Tennis. Instruction in the techniques, rules and tactics, with extensive practice 
in singles and doubles. 1 credit. 

160. Swimming. Beginning, intermediate and advanced instruction. 1 credit. 

162. Water Exercise. Includes water-walking, water running and other aerobic 
water exercises for swimmers and non-swimmers. Utilizes water as resistance to 
improve strength and cardiovascular endurance. 

170. Skiing. Beginning, intermediate and advanced instruction at Blue Marsh Ski 
Area. 1 credit. 

180. Team Sports. Softball, volleyball and basketball, four to five weeks of each, 
emphasizing team concepts. 1 credit. 

One semester of Music 601, Symphonic and Marching Band (1 credit), fall semester 
only, may be used to satisfy 1 credit of Physical Activity (Area 9) of the General 
Education requirements. The two credit requirement of Area 9 may be satisfied by 
electing Music 601 , Symphonic and Marching Band (1 credit), fall semester only, in 
two different years. 

Physics (PHY) 

The Physics Department is described on page 57. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in physics. 

Major: PHY 1 1 1, 1 12, 21 1, 31 1, 312, 321, 322, plus 6 additional semester hours (at 



123 



least 2 in experimental physics); MAS 161 , 162, 261 and 266 or MAS 1 1 1, 1 12, 21 1 
and 266. (43-46 credits) 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course that acquaints the student with some of the 
important concepts of physics, both classical and modern, and with the scientific 
method, its nature and its limitations. The role of physics in the history of thought 
and its relationships to other disciplines and to society and government are consid- 
ered. The weekly two-hour laboratory period provides experience in the acquisition, 
representation, and analysis of experimental data, and demonstration of the physical 
phenomena with which the course deals. 4 credits. 

103,104. General College Physics 1,11. An introduction to the fundamental con- 
cepts and laws of the various branches of physics, including mechanics, heat, sound, 
electricity, magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear structure, with laboratory 
work in each area. 4 credits per semester. 

110. The Physics of Music. The study of wave motion, analysis and synthesis of 
waves, resonance, physical characteristics of music sounds, musical instruments, the 
reproduction and amplification of sound, and the acoustical properties of rooms. A 
working knowledge of algebra is required. 3 credits. 

111,112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introductory course in classical physics, 
designed for students who desire a rigorous mathematical approach to college 
physics. Calculus is used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and 
heat, and the second semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with laboratory 
work in each area. Prerequisite or corequisite: MAS 111 or 161. 4 credits per 
semester. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. An introduction to modern physics, including 
the foundation of atomic physics, quantum theory of radiation, the atomic nucleus, 
radioactivity, and nuclear reactions, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite: 
PHY 104 or 1 12, or permission. 4 credits. 

272. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of electrons and electronic devices, 
including diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, switching 
circuits, and integrated circuits, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite: 
PHY 104 or 1 12, or permission. 4 credits. 

311 $ 12. Analytical Mechanics I, II. A rigorous study of classical mechanics, 

124 



including the motion of a single particle, the motion of a system of particles, and the 
motion of a rigid body. Damped and forced harmonic motion, the central force 
problem, the Euler description of rigid body motion, and the Lagrange generaliza- 
tion of Newtonian mechanics are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 111 
and MAS 266. 3 credits per semester. 

321,322. Electricity and Magnetism 1J1. Theory of the basic phenomena of 
electromagnetism together with the application of fundamental principles of the 
solving of problems. The electric and magnetic properties of matter, direct current 
circuits, alternating current circuits, the Maxwell field equations, and the propaga- 
tion of electromagnetic waves are among the topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 1 12 
and MAS 266. 3 credits per semester. 

327 ,328. Experimental Physics 1JI. Experimental work selected from the area of 
mechanics, AC and DC electrical measurements, optics, atomic physics, or nuclear 
physics, with emphasis on experimental design, measuring techniques, and analysis 
of data. Prerequisite: PHY 211. 1 credit per semester. 

350. Audio Electronics. A study of electronics as used in audio engineering. The 
course examines RC and LC circuits, filters, impedance, audio frequency amplifier 
circuits, and basic digital theory. Laboratory work is included. Prerequisite: PHY 
212. 3 credits. 

421,422. Modern Physics 1,11. A study of selected topics in modern physics, 
utilizing the methods of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is solved for 
such systems as potential barriers, potential wells, the linear oscillator, and the 
hydrogen atom. Perturbation techniques and the operator formalism of quantum 
mechanics are introduced where appropriate. Prerequisites: PHY 21 1 and MAS 266, 
or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. The Teaching of Physics inSecondary Schools. A course designed to acquaint 
the student with some of the special methods, programs, and problems in the teaching 
of physics in secondary schools. Required for secondary certification in physics. 1 
credit. 

Political Science (PSC) 
The Economics and Political Science Department is described on page 59. 
Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in political science. 



125 



Major: PSC 111,112,210, 220, 230 and eight additional elective courses in political 
science (one of these elective courses may be from another social science with the 
approval of the student's major adviser) (39 credits). 

Minor: PSC 111,112, 210, 220, 230, and one additional elective course in political 
science (18 credits). 

Courses in Political Science 

111. American National Government I. The nature of American democracy, con- 
stitutional foundations of American government, the federal system, civil rights and 
liberties, political behavior, political parties, and campaigns and elections. 3 credits. 

112. American National Government II. The structures and functions of American 
government (Presidency, Congress, courts, and bureaucracy), and the foreign and 
domestic policy making process. 3 credits. 

210. Comparative Government. A comparative study of important political sys- 
tems of the world, including an introduction to the basic methodologies. PSC 1 1 1 and 
112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behavioral re- 
search emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in experiments and 
correlational studies. Pre-requisite orcorequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. {Cross- 
listed as Psychology 216.} 

220. Political Philosophy. A survey of the different Western philosophies and 
theories of government, ancient and modern, but especially since the sixteenth 
century. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as Philosophy 220.} 

230. International Politics. The origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of the 
international political pattern, with emphasis on current developments and changing 
concepts in world politics. 3 credits. 

240. Public Administration. An examination of the structures through which 
governments try to carry out their policies. The course covers both the practical 
matters of accountability and efficiency, and the analytical concerns of organiza- 
tional theory and bureaucratic culture. 3 credits. 

250. Public Policy Analysis. This course gives students an understanding of the 



126 



public policy process and of policy analysis at the national level of government. The 
course includes theories of policy-making as well as an examination of such 
substantive policy areas as foreign, defense, subsidy, and redistributive policies. 
Prerequisites: PSC 1 1 1 and 1 12, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

310. Scope and Methods of Political Science. A course in the conduct and inter- 
pretation of research in political science. Topics include formulation of a research 
problem, research design, techniques of scaling and measurement, data collection 
and analysis, and writing the research report. Prerequisite: permission of the 
instructor; MAS 170, is strongly recommended. 3 credits. 

312. American Foreign Policy. A survey of the external relations of the American 
government, emphasizing twentieth century developments. Subjects include diplo- 
macy, military affairs, geographic and regional problems, trade and aid, technology 
and underdevelopment, alliances, nuclear problems, and opposing ideologies. PSC 
111 and 112 strongly recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

315. American Constitutional Law I. The development of American constitutional 
law from 1776 to 1947. Topics include judicial review, national supremacy, private 
property, contracts, commerce powers, equal rights, and civil liberties. 3 credits. 

316. American Constitutional Law II. The development of American constitutional 
law from 1947 to the present. Emphasis is given to civil liberties, equal rights, and 
rights of the accused, with some treatment of presidential powers, the commerce 
clause, and the contract clause. 3 credits. 

320. Electoral Politics. The dynamics of the electoral process, with emphasis on 
presidential and congressional elections and including the role of parties, public 
opinion, and interest groups. 3 credits. 

330. State and Local Government. This course covers the governmental institutions 
and characteristics of state and local political systems and the major inter-govern- 
mental problems in state and local relations with the federal government. 3 credits. 

340. The Third World. A survey of the developing nations of Latin America, Asia, 
Africa, and the Middle East. The political economy of development, in both its 
domestic and international dimensions is emphasized. Prerequisites: PSC 210 and 
230, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

350. Select Problems. A course to give students a chance to explore in depth a topic 
of special interest. 3 credits. 

127 



360. Modern Communism. A survey of the communist world, stressing the 
development of Marxist thought and its evolving application in the Soviet Union, 
China, and other communist states. Prerequisite: PSC 210 and 230, or permission of 
the instructor. 3 credits. 

415. Foundations of American Law. An historical survey of the Western legal 
tradition from classical times through the eighteenth century. The course examines 
conceptions of English common law and its relationship to the evolution of 
American law. Strongly recommended for pre-law students. Prerequisite: permis- 
sion of the instructor. 3 credits. 

420. Seminar in World Politics. A consideration of significant theories of interna- 
tional relations and their applicability to such selected contemporary issues as 
superpower relations, conflict resolution, arms control, and economic interdepen- 
dence. Prerequisites: PSC 230, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

Pre-Law Program 

Although there is no pre-law major or department, a pre-law student is advised to take 
certain courses which will help prepare him or her for law school and a legal career. 
Each student should confer with the pre-law adviser in selecting a specific pattern of 
courses appropriate to that student's objectives. Generally recommended courses are 
as follows: ACT 161, MGT 371, 372, PSC 111, 112, 314, 316, and 415. 

Pre-Medical, P re-Dentistry, Pre-Veterinary 

See Health Professions on page 28. 

Psychobiology (PBI) 

The major in psychobiology is offered jointly by the Departments of Biology, 
described on page 34 and Psychology, described on page 60. 

This inter-disciplinary major emphasizes the physiological substrates and conse- 
quences of behavior. Consisting of a combination of psychology and biology course 
work, the program prepares students for graduate study in medicine, veterinary 
medicine, graduate programs in psychology, animal behavior, physiological psy- 
chology, psychopharmacology, behavior genetics, and neuroscience, as well as 
research positions in industry, universities, hospitals, and government laboratories. 



128 



Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in psychobiology. 

Major: BIO 1 1 1, 1 12, 201, 322 (16 credits); PSY 200, 335, 358 plus two courses 
from the following: PSY 120,216,355,431 (16 credits); PSY 491 orBI0492,BIO 
499, BIO 599 or PSY 500(8 credits); CHM 11 1,112, 113, 114 (8 credits); MAS 161 
and CSC 125 or 170 (6 credits); plus 8 additional credits in the sciences in 
consultation with adviser. Recommended CHM 2,13, 214, 215, 216, PHY 103, 104 
or 111, 112. 62 total credits. 

Courses in Psychobiology 

358. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological mechanisms underlying 
behavior processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, sensation and 
perception, learning and memory, sleep, ingestive behaviors and motivation and 
emotion. The laboratory portion of the course includes sheep brain dissection, rodent 
stereotaxic neurosurgery, and behavioral observation. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 1 20,200 
or permission; completion of a biology course is recommended. 3 credits. {Cross- 
listed as Psychology 358.} 

499. Psychobiology Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on selected topics 
in psychobiology. This course may be repeated. 1 credit. 

Psychology (PSY) 

The Psychology Department is described on page 60. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in psychology. 

Major: PSY 100, 120,200,216,443; one course from: 335, 355, 356,358; one course 
from 321, 332, 343, 346, 443; and three additional courses from a single specialty 
area (31 credits). For a concentration in clinical/counseling psychology the addi- 
tional courses should be from 332, 335, 339, 343, 431, 432. For a concentration in 
experimental/physiological psychology the additional courses should be from 335, 
346, 355, 356, 358, 359. For a concentration in organizational/industrial psychology 
the additional courses should be from 332, 335, 337, 339, 346, 359. For a concen- 
tration in developmental psychology the additional courses should be from 32 1 , 322, 
326, 343, 346, 359. 

Minor: PSY 100, 120, 200, 2 1 6 and three elective courses in psychology (22 credits). 
For an emphasis in clinical/counseling psychology the electives should be from 332, 
343,431,432. 

129 



For an emphasis in experimental/physiological psychology two of the electives 
should be from 335, 346, 355, 357, 359, 350, 443. Foran emphasis in organizational/ 
industrial psychology two of the electives should be from 332, 335, 337, 339, 346. 
For an emphasis in developmental psychology two of the electives should be from 
321,322,326,343. 

Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. An introduction to psychology as a 
social science. The emphasis is on the interactions of the individual and society that 
influence development, learning, motivation, sexuality, and identity, as well as 
social and emotional adjustment. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Experimental Psychology. This course focuses on psychology 
as a science. It emphasizes laboratory research, and covers topics relevant to 
scientific research, and science in general (eg. research design, experimental 
methods, data analysis and interpretation, and scientific ethics). Various topics of 
experimental psychology (eg. sensory and perceptual processes, learning and 
memory, psychological testing, and social behaviors) are discussed. 4 credits. 

200. Advanced General Psychology. A survey course examining the relationship 
between research and theory in the field of psychology . The course is intended to give 
the student an overview of all areas of specialization within psychology. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behavioral re- 
search emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in experimental 
research and correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PS Y 100, 120 or 200. 
3 credits. {Cross-listed as Political Science 216.} 

220. Educational Psychology. Studies of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and 
social processes in the school; required for certification in elementary and music 
education. Prerequisite: PSY 100,120 or 200. 3 credits. 

321. Psychology of Child Development. A study of the patterns of cognitive, social 
and emotional developmental changes occurring during childhood. Special attention 
is given to research studies, developmental mechanisms and theories of develop- 
ment. Prerequisite: PSY 100,120 or 200. 3 credits. 

322. Psychology of Adolescent Development. A study of the psychological char- 
acteristics and changes occurring during adolescence. Topics include psychological 
development, social influences, cognitive and intellectual development, emotional 

130 



development, identity and self-concept, sexual development, values, and transition 
to adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120 or 200. 3 credits. 

326. Psychology of Adult Development. A study of research literature and theories 
concerned with psychological change in the adult, from late adolescence to death. 
The course includes the works of such theorists as Maslow and Erikson. Prerequisite: 
PSY 100,120 or 200. 3 credits. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. Introduction to the principles of 
psychological measurement, methods of test design and construction, and applica- 
tions and interpretations of existing psychological tests. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120 
or 200. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. A survey of experimental designs utilized in 
psychological investigations. Designs include factorial experiments, field studies, 
correlative designs and multivariate techniques. The primary readings are selected 
from current research in clinical, educational, organizational, and laboratory 
settings. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 120, 200, 216 or permission. 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. A study of psychological principles as applied to 
problems of organizational behavior, with emphasis on personnel selection, human 
engineering, group dynamics, systems design, training, leadership, and performance 
evaluation. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120 or 200. 3 credits. 

339. Career Counseling. The course surveys assessment of skills and competencies, 
occupational research, decision-making, and job search strategies. Students are 
encouraged to apply the theories of career counseling to their own vocational 
decisions and goals. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120, 200 or permission. 3 credits. 

343. Personality. A study of the major theories of personality, emphasizing psycho- 
analysis, humanistic psychology, behaviorism, social learning, and trait theory. 
Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120 or 200; junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. A study of the inter-and intra-personal relationships 
between individuals and groups, with emphasis on theories and research studies. The 
topics covered may include attitude development and change, conformity, persua- 
sion, person perception, attribution, attraction, and group processes. Prerequisites: 
PSY 100, 120 or 200; junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

355. Learning and Memory. This course surveys psychological research on learn- 
ing and memory. Topics include classical and instrumental conditioning, verbal 

131 



learning, problem solving, basic memory processes, and models of learning and 
memory. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120, 200 or permission. 3 credits. 

356. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. This course focuses on the structures and 
functions of sensory systems. It includes the study of the visual system as a model 
to delineate information processing strategies in the eye, the optic nerve, and the 
brain. The course will delineate sensory from perceptual processes. The perception 
of visual, olfactory, auditory, gustatory and vestibular and cutaneous information 
will be discussed from experimental, physiological, and philosophical perspectives. 
Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120, 200 or permission. 3 credits. 

358. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological mechanisms underlying 
behavioral processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, sensation 
and perception, learning and memory, sleep, and motivation and emotion. The 
laboratory portion of the course includes sheep brain dissection and behavioral 
observation. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 120, 200 or permission; completion of a biology 
course is recommended. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as Psychobiology 358.} 

359. Research Practicum. A course to provide students the opportunity to develop 
a research idea and carry it through to completion including the review of the 
literature, proposal, pilot study, data analysis, write-up, and presentation. The aim of 
the course is to give students practical experience in research so that they have a 
better appreciation of the nature of the research process that they read about in their 
courses. 3 credits. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. A study of mental, emotional and 
behavioral problems, including alcohol and drug abuse, brain disorders, criminal and 
psychopathic behavior, neuroses, psychophysiological reactions, psychoses, sexual 
deviations, subnormal intelligence, and suicide. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 120or200; 
junior or senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. A study of the ways psychologists assist 
persons and groups. Particular attention is given to assessment, individual and group 
therapy, marriage and family counseling, and community psychology. Prerequi- 
sites: PSY 100, 120 or 200; PSY 431 or nursing training with psychiatric affiliation, 
or permission. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. Studies the history of psychology including philosophical 
concepts, early schools of psychology, important trends, and famous psychologists. 
Prerequisites: PSY 200; junior or senior standing; or permission. 3 credits. 



132 



Recording Technology 

See Sound Recording Technology on page 120. 

Religion (REL) 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 63. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in religion. 

Major: REL 110, 111, 112, 160, 331, 499; one from 202, 211, 212; three elective 
courses in religion including GRK 321, 431 (30 credits). 

Minor: REL 1 10, 1 1 1 or 1 12, 120 or 140, 160, two elective courses in religion (18 
credits). 

Courses in Religion 

110. Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the many dimensions of religion 
as a central human experience through an examination of such topics as: varieties 
of religious experience and expression, religious knowledge, the self and meaning, 
religion in its sociocultural context, religion and the natural order, and such universal 
issues as death, the End, evil, suffering, and the moral order. 3 credits. 

111. Introduction to Biblical Religion. An examination of some of the basic themes 
of biblical religion in relation to their historical context and their contemporary 
implications. 3 credits. 

112. Introduction to Christianity. A study of the rise and development of the major 
forms of Christianity (Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant) in Europe and 
America, including doctrine and theological expression, ethics, worship, church 
structure, and relationship to culture. 3 credits. 

120. Religion in America. A study of the origin and development of religious 
expression in America, with particular attention to Protestantism, Roman Catholi- 
cism, and Judaism. 3 credits. 

140. World Religions. An examination of the rise and development of religion with 
a study of the ideas and cultic and ethical practices of the great world faiths. Special 
attention given to Asian religions. 3 credits. 



133 



160. Christian Ethics. A systematic analysis of the implications of the Christian 
faith, both for personal moral decision and for social policy in such areas as marriage 
and family, government and political life, work and the economic order. 3 credits. 

202. The Prophets. Studies the lives and writings of the Old Testament prophets and 
an analysis of their contributions to Hebrew- Christian religious thought. 3 credits. 

206. Near East Archaeology and the Bible. An examination of archaeology in 
biblical lands, its methods, objectives, and contributions to history, culture, and 
religion. 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive study of the life and message of 
Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. 3 credits. 

272. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, writings, and theological thought 
of Paul and their relationship to the practices, problems, and beliefs of the early 
Church. 3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected American 
denominations and sects and of the theological implications of secular folklore. 
Emphasis will be placed on field work as well as on analysis. 3 credits. 

241. Principles of Christian Education. A study of the overall structure and 
meaning of Christian education, including education as ministry, history of religious 
education, theoretical approaches, the impact of other disciplines (sociology, 
psychology, education), developmental theories, the role of Bible and theology, and 
contemporary concerns and expressions of Christian education. 3 credits. 

242. Methods of Christian Education. A study of elements involved in the imple- 
mentation of a program of Christian education in the local parish, including planning, 
evaluation, leader development, teaching and learning, resources, skills, and work 
in the age levels. 3 credits. 

243. Selected Problems in Christian Education. Studies themes and issues in 
Christian education, such as theology and education, conversion and nurture, 
indoctrination and reflection, developmental models and theological teachings, 
content- or student-centered approach, and the role of the professional. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structures and functions of religious organizations 
and phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious expression in America. 
3 credits. {Cross-listed as Sociology 322.} 

134 



331. Christian Tradition and Reform. A study of the major and continuing strains 
in the history of Christianity and the principal reform movements. Required of 
majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students. 3 credits. 

332. The Sacred in Modern Writing. Identification, analysis, and interpretation of 
issues of special theological import raised by thinkers representing non-theological 
disciplines. Prerequisite: REL 110 or permission. 3 credits. 

342. Contemporary Religious Issues. An advanced study of selected authors or 
problems arising in contemporary religion. 3 credits. 

403. Classical Christian Thinkers. An intensive study of the thought of such 
classical religious thinkers as Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, and others. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar: Selected Religious Problems. A study of selected problems arising 
from recent theological efforts. Research methodology is stressed. Required of 
majors and strongly recommended for all pre-theological students; others by 
permission. Prerequisite REL 1 1 1 and 1 12. 3 credits. 

Secondary Education (Teacher Certification) (SED) 

The Education Department is described on page 38. 

There is no major in education for those interested in secondary teaching. Students 
complete the requirements in their chosen major and the designated professional 
education courses. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in the chosen major. (Majors: 
biology, chemistry, English, French, German, Spanish, mathematics, physics, and 
social studies.) 

Secondary Teacher Certification: Candidates must complete 21 credits in profes- 
sional education courses and the approved program in the chosen major. EDU 110 
should be taken in the sophomore year and SED 430 in the junior year. SED 280 
should be taken at least twice prior to SED 440. SED 420 and 440 comprise the 
student teaching semester of the senior or postgraduate year. 

The minor in education is described on page 83. 



135 



Courses in Secondary Education 

280. Field Practicum in the Secondary School. Supervised field experiences in 
appropriate school settings. Designed to offer practical experiences for prospective 
secondary teachers or students planning an educational ministry. Prerequisites: 
permission. 1-3 credits. 

420. Human Growth and Development. A survey of human characteristics, re- 
search in developmental psychology and their implications for teaching and learn- 
ing. Prerequisite: EDU 1 10. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. A study of the basic principles and procedures for 
secondary classroom management and instruction. Prerequisite: EDU 1 10. 3 credits. 

431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. A study of curricular patterns and 
teaching methodologies for the social studies. Students will prepare instructional 
objectives, select and organize subject matter, investigate a variety of learning 
activities and strategies for developing inquiry, decision-making, and values. 1-2 
credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Students spend an entire semester in an area school under 
the supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. 
Requirements are: 

(1) a grade point average of at least 2.00 in the major field 

(2) completion of all courses required of the major for student teaching 

(3) completion of professional education courses required for student 
teaching 

(4) approval of the major adviser and of the director of secondary student 
teaching. 

Prerequisites: EDU 11 0,430. EDU 420 is normally taken concurrently. 3-12 credits. 

Social Work (SWK) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 65. 

Degree: Bachelor of Social Work. 

Major: SOC 11 0,3 11; SWK 262, 272, 33 1,341 or 342, 499; 9 credits of SWK 400; 
4 additional courses in sociology or social work (42 credits). 

Minor: SOC 1 1 0; SWK 262, 272, 33 1 , 34 1 ; 6 credits of SWK 400; one course from 

136 



SOC210, 230, 261, 278, 324, 331, 333, 351, 362, 372; SWK272, 345,499. Students 
majoring in sociology shall elect SWK 499 and one course in sociology in addition 
to their major requirements (24 credits). 

Courses in Social Work 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare policies and institutions 
including the evolution of the welfare system in our society and its approach to social 
problems. Focuses upon controversies relevant to public welfare. Prerequisite: SOC 
110. 3 credits. 

272. Human Behavior in the Social Environment. An examination of the interre- 
lation of biological, psychological and sociocultural systems and their effects on 
human development and behavior. A life span perspective is used to develop an 
understanding of the total person as he/she functions in relation to his/her environ- 
ment at each stage in the developmental process. The impact of diversity in ethnic 
background, race, class, sexual orientation and culture in a pluralistic society will 
also be addressed. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10. 3 credits. 

331. Social Work Theory. A consideration of the theories that underlie social work 
intervention, introducing the social systems perspective with emphasis on the social 
work profession's knowledge base, values and skills. Prerequisite: SWK 262. 3 
credits. 

341. Social Work Practice I. An examination of the knowledge, attitudes and skills 
required for social work practice with emphasis on social casework and group work 
dynamics. Prerequisite: SWK 331. 3 credits 

342. SocialWork Practice II. An examination of the knowledge, attitudes, and skills 
required for social work practice with emphasis on modem organizations, adminis- 
tration, and communities issues. Prerequisite: SWK 331. 3 credits. 

345. Family Therapy. An introduction to family and small group intervention 
focusing upon the family as a system, group structure and dynamics, and theories and 
techniques of intervention. Prerequisite: SOC 230 and SWK 341 or permission. 3 
credits. 

499. Seminar. Detailed study of a selected social work area. Topics may vary. This 
course is conducted as a seminar requiring extensive student participation. Prereq- 
uisite: SWK 341 or 342. 3 credits. 



137 



Sociology (SOC) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 65. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in sociology. 

Major: SOC 1 10, 31 1, 421, 499, 15 additional credits in sociology (27 credits). 

Minor: SOC 1 10, 31 1,421; one course from SOC 210, 278, 324, or 331; one course 
from SOC 21 1, 230, 261, 322, 333, 340, 351, 362, 372, 382; one elective course in 
sociology. (18 credits). 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A study of the basic sociological perspective 
including the nature of society, the influence of culture, the development of the self, 
and group dynamics. Specific topics include deviance and social control, the family 
and other institutions, racism, sexism and poverty. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Anthropology. Introduction to both physical and cultural 
anthropology including human evolution, human variation, and cross-cultural 
analysis, and comparison. 3 credits. 

210. Social Problems. Contemporary social problems as seen through different 
analytical perspectives. Problems covered include war and peace, pollution and 
environmental exploitation, crime and delinquency, and emotional and physical 
illness. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10 or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An analysis of the city as a unique form of social organization. 
From a multi-disciplinary perspective, the course presents the nature of urbanization 
and the impact of urbanism on contemporary society. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or GED 
140 or HON 202. 3 credits. 

230. Sociology of Marriage and the Family. An overview of marriage and the 
family focusing upon love, mate selection, alternative life styles, marital communi- 
cation, conflict resolution, parenting, divorce and widowhood. Utilizes an historical 
and cross-cultural perspective in addition to sociological analysis. Prerequisite: SOC 
1 10, or GED 140, HON 202. 3 credits. 

261. The Aged and Aging. An investigation of the process of aging and contempo- 



138 



rary issues related to the elderly. Topics covered include Alzheimer's disease, 
retirement, stereotypes of the elderly and contributions of the elderly to society. 
Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. An examination of the causes and effects of juvenile 
delinquency, the juvenile justice system and treatment programs for the juvenile 
offender. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

311. Research Methods. A study of the basic concepts and skills involved in 
critically evaluating and carrying out social scientific research. Topics include 
values and ethics of research on human behavior, research design, interviewing and 
questionnaire construction. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, junior standing or permission. 
3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structure and functions of religious organizations 
and phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious expression in America. 
Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, orGED 140, orHON202. 3 credits. {Cross-listed asReligion 
322.} 

324. Medical Sociology. An examination of the societal bases of health, illness and 
health care. The course will include an examination of the three components of 
medicine: the patient, the medical professional and the health care organization. 
Specific topics will include: the role of the patient; doctor-patient relationships; the 
socialization of medical professionals; the hospital as a complex organization, cross- 
cultural comparisons of health care and current topics of concern such as the AIDS 
epidemic, new technologies, and social response to the terminally ill patient. 3 
credits. 

331. Criminology. An examination of the causes of crime. Special attention is given 
to violent crime, homicide, and rape. In addition, such property crimes as arson, 
robbery, burglary and shoplifting are covered. The question of whether or not such 
victimless crimes such as pornography, prostitution and drug use should be consid- 
ered crimes is explored. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

333. Criminal Justice. A sociological, historical, and philosophical examination of 
punishment and the criminal justice system. Rights of the accused, victimology, 
prisons, and the death penalty are studied. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or 
HON 202. 3 credits. 

340. Group Structure and Dynamics. An overview of the theory and research on 



139 



small group organization and process including issues related to leadership, effective 
communication in groups, conformity and influence. Application of basic principles 
to practical situations. Exercises designed to improve group leadership and partici- 
pation skills. Prerequisite: SOC 110, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

351. Death and Dying. Exploration of the basic legal, medical, ethical and social 
issues related to contemporary understanding of death and dying. Examines the 
stages of dying, the grief process, euthanasia, suicide, the hospice movement and life 
after death. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

362. Social Inequality. An examination of the patterns of structured inequality in 
American society, including the class system and racial and ethnic groups. Prereq- 
uisite: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

371. Child Abuse. The study and analysis of child abuse in its various expressions 
with additional focus on physical and sexual abuse. Emphasis will be on models and 
theories of causation, dynamics, treatment and research. 3 credits. 

372. Substance Abuse. An examination of the problems associated with substance 
abuse including a study of the prevalent myths concerning substance abuse, an 
exploration of the causes of substance abuse and an exploration of how it affects the 
individual, the family and society as a whole. In addition, the course will examine 
current methods of intervention and treatment. Prerequisites: SOC 1 10, or GED 140, 
or HON 202. 3 credits. 

382. Sociology of the Mass Media. Seminar on how society shapes the mass media 
and the effects of the mass media on individuals and society. Topics include 
propaganda, television violence and aggression, and advertising. Special attention 
is given to values and images portrayed by the mass media. Prerequisite: 6 credits in 
sociology or permission. 3 credits. 

421. Social Theory. An intensive examination of the major sociological theorists 
and movements. Prerequisite: 12 credits in sociology. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in contemporary 
sociology. Topics may vary. This course is conducted as a seminar requiring 
extensive student participation. Prerequisite: SOC 421. 3 credits. 



140 






Sound Recording Technology 

See Sound Recording Technology on page 120. 

Spanish (SPA) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 42. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in Spanish. 

Major: 24 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level; FLG 250 (27 credits). For 
teaching certification, FLG 440 is required. 

Minor: 18 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced 
conversation and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in Spanish 
101,102. Elementary Spanish 1,11. Introductory courses in Spanish. 3 credits. 

201202. Intermediate Conversational Spanish IJI. A review of Spanish grammar, 
and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: SPA 
102 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Practice in the careful reading of literary 
texts and in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 
credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living Spanish authors. 
Attention both to individual style and the relationship of the writer to current 
problems. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture and language, with emphasis 
on the culture as found in modern Spain and its reflection in America. Prerequisite: 
SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken and 
written Spanish on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on the 
use of language in practical situations. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 
credits. 



141 



320. Business Spanish. An introduction to the language of business and business 
practices. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of the out- 
standing works of the period. Prerequisite: SPA 3 1 1 or 3 1 6 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study of the major works of the 
period. Prerequisite: SPA 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Spanish Literature and the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Readings 
from the Enlightenment in Spain, and an examination of the major works of 
romanticism and realism. Prerequisite: SPA 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the literary move- 
ments of the century, starting with the Generation '98 and modernism. Prerequisite: 
SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. Spanish-American Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the im- 
portant writers of the century, with emphasis on recent developments in the literature 
of Spanish- America. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

Teacher Certification 
See Elementary Education on page 83 or Secondary Education on page 135. 



142 



GRADUATE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

MBA Program 

The Lebanon Valley College MBA Program is an interdisciplinary program de- 
signed to prepare graduates for managerial responsibilities at various levels of 
business organizations. The program provides a strong theoretical foundation as 
well as operational expertise in the areas of finance, management, marketing, 
human resource management and production and service management. 

The MBA Program at Lebanon Valley College is a unique program that combines 
liberal arts/general education coursework with career preparation in the field of 
business administration. The interdisciplinary nature of the curriculum includes 
standard MBA level courses along with exposure to courses in Corporate and 
Executive Communications, Executive Leadership and Organizational Ethics. 

Every MBA candidate must complete 27 credits of core courses and 9 credits of 
electives. All courses in the undergraduate common body of knowledge also must 
be completed successfully. Courses in the Lebanon Valley College MBA Program 
are taught on the Annville campus and on the campus of Franklin & Marshall College 
in Lancaster. 

MBA Faculty 

Sharon F. Clark, graduate associate professor of business law and labor relations. 
J.D., University of Richmond. Dr. Clark has several years experience in private law 
practice and several years as a supervisory tax attorney with the Internal Revenue 
Service. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, graduate adjunct assistant professor of marketing. M.BA., 
Columbia University. Mr. Eshleman is a manager for New Product Development for 
Hershey Foods. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, graduate professor of quantitative studies. Ph.D., Washington 
State University. Dr. Hearsey's specialty is actuarial science. 

Edward H. Krebs, graduate assistant professor of managerial economics and 
entrepreneurship. Ph.D. Michigan State University. Dr. Krebs previously served as 
an economic assistant to the Secretary of Agriculture and as a private consultant. His 
interests are in environmental and resource economics. 



143 



David I. Lasky, graduate professor of organizational behavior. PhD., Temple 
University. Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are the 
focus of his teaching interests. His current research is in the area of organizational 
change in the public sector and patients rights. 

Robert W. Leonard, graduate assistant professor of management. M.BA., Ohio 
State University. Mr. Leonard's teaching specialties include finance, production and 
service management, organizational behavior and development, and labor and 
industrial relations. 

Leon E. Markowicz, graduate professor of communications and leadership studies. 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. He serves local business as a communications 
consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of the Pennsylvania Writing Project and is 
active in the Lancaster-Lebanon Writing Council. 

Daniel B. McKinley, graduate assistant professor of leadership. M.A., University of 
Maryland. MA.L.S., Wesleyan University. Mr. McKinley maintains an interest in 
small group development and offers leadership laboratories for communication 
skills development. 

Gail Sanderson, graduate assistantprofessorof managerial accounting. M£ A., Boston 
University, CPA. Ms. Sanderson has professional experience in accounting (public 
and private sectors); income tax; computer systems analysis and design. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, graduate associate professor of organizational ethics. 
MA., University of Texas. His teaching specialties are philosophical ethics and 
business and organizational ethics. 

MBA Admissions 

All candidates must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or 
university. 

All candidates must submit a current resume and a completed application form with 
the required application fee. They must take a GMAT examination and have the 
official test results sent to the Continuing Education Office. They must ask two 
supervisors at their place of employment to complete and forward confidentially to 
the Continuing Education Office evaluation and recommendation forms. Official 
transcripts of all undergraduate work and any graduate courses to be considered for 
transfer must be sent by the respective colleges or universities to the Continuing 
Education Office. 

144 



All candidates are required to visit the campus for a personal interview prior to 
admission. 

Graduate admissions are on a rolling basis; action will be taken quickly after all 
paperwork has been processed. Candidates must confirm their acceptance in writing 
within 30 days of the date of the admission letter. 

MBA Academic Policies 

Academic Advising and Registration 

MBA students should meet with the MBA academic adviser as soon as possible after 
being accepted into the graduate program. The adviser will develop graduation 
plans with the student. All course registrations require the MB A adviser's signature. 

Veteran Registration 

The college meets all of the criteria of Veterans Education under the provisions of 
Title 38, United States Code, Section 1775. The MBA program has been approved 
for payment assistance. Veterans pay the cost of tuition, fees, books and supplies 
directly to the college. They are reimbursed by the Veterans Administration on a 
monthly basis. Applicants having any questions concerning their veteran's benefits 
should contact the college's veterans representative in the Registrar's Office. 

Graduation Requirements 

A candidate for the MBA must complete a minimum of 36 credits, of which 30 must 
be earned at Lebanon Valley College. There are nine required core courses (27 
credits) and any three electives of the student's choice (9 credits) for a total of 36 
credits. A candidate must achieve at least a 3.00 cumulative average with a 
minimum of two C's within the 36 graduate credits to be certified for graduation. 

Transfer Credit 

A maximum of six credits may be transferred from another accredited graduate 
program with the approval of the director of continuing education. No transfer credit 
shall be accepted if the grade earned at another institution was less than B. Students 
wishing to transfer credits may be asked to submit course outlines, textbook used, 
and any reading materials so proper credit may be given. 



145 



Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for the MBA degree may not take courses concurrently at any 
other educational institution without prior consent of the MBA academic adviser and 
the registrar. 

Grading 

Student achievement is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), 
C (minimum passing grade, but unsatisfactory work), F (course requirements not 
met). No MBA courses may be taken pass/fail. A cumulative grade point average 
of 3.00 (4.00 = A) is required for graduation. A maximum of two C grades (C+ or 
C) is allowed within the 36 graduate credits. Graduate courses are graded plus or 
minus with the exclusion of A+ and C-. 

In addition to the above grades;' the symbols I and W also are used. I indicates that 
student work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the student for 
substantial reason with the prior consent of the instructor and the registrar), but 
otherwise satisfactory. The work must be completed within the first eight weeks 
of the following semester including summer semesters or the I automatically 
becomes an F. W indicates withdrawal from a course. 

Review Procedure 

Every student's academic progress shall be reviewed at the end of each academic 
period by the MBA academic adviser. Any student whose average falls below 3.00 
or who earns a C or F in three or more credit hours may be placed on academic 
probation. A student on academic probation may be required to retake courses or 
correct other academic deficiencies and must achieve a 3.00 cumulative average 
within two semesters of being placed on probation. A student may repeat a maximum 
of two graduate courses with any given course being repeated only once. Students 
who fail to correct deficiencies may be dropped from the program. A student may 
appeal any decision of the director of continuing education to the MBA Operations 
Committee. 

Course Withdrawal and Tuition Refund 

Any student who withdraws from courses for which he or she is registered must 
notify the director of continuing education and the registrar in writing. The effective 
date of withdrawal is the date on which the student notifies these offices. Failure to 
give notice of withdrawal will result in a grade of F. 

146 



Tuition charges shall be refunded for withdrawals according to the following 
schedule: 

Time Period Refund 
Fall & Spring Semesters- 

During the first week of classes 1 00% 

During the second week of classes 80% 

During the third week of classes 50% 

After the third week of classes 0% 

Summer School- 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 50% 

After the second week of classes 0% 

Part-time and continuing education students should also consult the refund schedule 
published by the Continuing Education Office. 

A student who is absent from college because of sickness or any other reason and 
who retains his place in class pays in full during his or her absence. 

Time Restriction 

The maximum time for completion of the MBA program is seven years from the date 
of the admission letter. Students who have not earned the graduate degree during 
this period shall have their academic standing reviewed and may be asked to meet 
additional requirements in order to graduate. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. Academic 
dishonesty shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, failure in the course is mandatory and the 
faculty member is required to inform the director of continuing education in writing. 
A letter of warning shall be sent to the student by the director of continuing education 
explaining the consequences and the right of appeal. 

For the second offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the MBA program 
and college are mandatory and without appeal. 



147 



Address Changes 

Any change of address must be reported to the Continuing Education Office as soon 
as possible. A forwarding address should also be given to the Postal Service. 

Privacy of Student Records 

In accordance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1 974 (P.L. 39- 
380) Lebanon Valley College releases no student education records without written 
consent and request of the student or as prescribed by the law. Each student has 
access to his or her education records with exclusions only as specified by the law. 

Financial Aid 

Students may participate in the Stafford Loan Program, a low, simple-interest loan 
that is available from most lending institutions. The interest on the loan is subsidized 
by the federal government while the student is attending college and payments do 
not become due until six months after graduation or enrollment as less than a half- 
time student. 

Graduate students should contact the Financial Aid Office at 717-867-6181 to 
discuss alternative financial aid programs. 

Employee Tuition Reimbursement 

Students are encouraged to inquire about tuition remission programs at their places 
of employment. Most employers of current students provide education subsidies of 
50- 1 00% of tuition. Students must pay 1 00% of tuition costs plus comprehensive fee 
at the time of registration. 

Withdrawal from Program and College and Readmission 

To withdraw from Lebanon Valley College, an MBA student must complete an 
official withdrawal form obtained from the MBA academic adviser. To apply for 
readmission, an MBA student must have the written approval of the director of 
continuing education. 



148 



GRADUATE DEGREE REQUIREMENTS AND 
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 



Degree: MBA 

Requirements: 
Undergraduate Core (Common 
body of knowledge): ACT 151 
or 161, ACT 152 or 162; ECN 
110, 120; MAS 111 or 150 or 
160 or 161, 170 or 270; MGT 
222, 233 or CSC 170, 330, 340, 
361,460. 

Graduate Core: MGT 800, 
MGT 805, PSY 810, MGT 815, 
MGT 820, ENG 825, PHL 830, 
LSP 835, MGT 895 (27 credits) 
and three of the following MGT 
850, MGT 855, MGT 860, ECN 
865, MGT 870, ACT 875, MGT 
880, ECN 885 (9 credits). Total 
of 36 credits. 




The MBA Program combines liberal arts coursework 
with career preparation. 



MBA Courses 

MGT 800. Quantitative Analysis. A survey of management science. Topics include 
linear programming, transportation and assignment problems, decision and network 
analysis, stochastic processes, queuing, and simulation. Includes an introduction to 
appropriate computer software. 3 credits. 

MGT 805. Financial Policy. A quantitative approach to managerial problems of 
long term financing, asset management, dividend policy, and ethics in the firm and 
marketplace. Emphasis placed on the application of experience to class discussion 
based on the use of the Wall Street Journal. Required presentation of a current topic. 
3 credits. 



149 



PSY810. Organizational Behavior. Systematic presentation of theory and research 
in areas of organizational behavior; including motivation, group dynamics, leader- 
ship, decision-making, organization-change, career planning, and communication. 
3 credits. 

MGT 815. Marketing Management. Seminar focusing on issues arising from the 
interplay between marketing and society. Examples include ethics of selling, 
advertising, marketing research and the social responsibility of marketers. Prereq- 
uisite: ENG 825 strongly recommended. 3 credits. 

MGT 820. Production and Service Management. Systems approaches to man- 
agement of production and service organizations. Topics include design and control 
of operations, operations strategy, product and process planning, quality manage- 
ment, human resources, scheduling and control, and materials management. Empha- 
sis is on the priority/capacity organizational concepts, the strategy underlying 
operations and related MS/OR tools and techniques. Prerequisite: MGT 800. 3 
credits. 

ENG 825. Executive Communications. Organizational communication skills, 
emphasizing writing, speaking and listening techniques. Interpersonal communica- 
tion. Exploring and increasing communication options on individual, group and 
organizational levels. 3 credits. 

PHL 830. Corporate and Organizational Ethics. The ethical assumptions and 
implications of corporate and organizational policies and practices. Intensive 
readings in the literature of both theoretical and applied ethics. Case study analyses. 
Topics include: corporate and organizational social and political responsibility, 
ethics and business, ethics and organizational life, and governmental relations. 
Prerequisite: ENG 825 and LSP 835 or PSY 810. 3 credits. 

LSP 835. Executive Leadership. Theories and concepts of leadership. Examination 
of the forces in the leader-follower interaction. Analysis of the skills, behaviors, 
attitudes, and values of effective and ethical leaders and followers. Application of 
concepts, information, and experience to case studies. 3 credits. 

MGT 850. Human Resource Management. A survey of personnel management 
activities in organizations including exploration of recent developments in the field 
of human resource management. Topics include human resource planning, recruit- 
ment, selection, training, equal employment opportunity, performance appraisal, 



150 



discipline, career planning, compensation, safety and health. Instruction method 
includes case study, readings and classroom lecture. Prerequisite: ENG 825, PSY 
810 recommended. 3 credits. 

MGT855. Legal Environment of Business. Legal concepts and principles impor- 
tant to business decision making including employment law, labor-management 
relations and relevant legislation, tax consequences of business transactions, 
government regulation, contract law and application of the Uniform Commercial 
Code to business transactions. Case study, readings and classroom lecture. Prereq- 
uisite: ENG 825, PHL 830 recommended. 3 credits. 

MGT860. International Business Management. Theories, concepts, practices and 
techniques of conducting business in foreign countries. The strategic issues, the 
operational practices, and the governmental relations of multinational companies 
are analyzed through use of case study, lecture and speakers. Topics include: 
economic, political and cultural integration; trade restrictions and barriers; overseas 
investment and financing; entry into foreign markets and marketing strategies. 3 
credits. 

ECN 865. Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, small business, 
and acquisitions. Special attention to entrepreneurial behavior, sources of funding, 
and actual case studies in the development of new enterprises. 3 credits. 

MGT870. Labor Management Relations. Labor Management Relations is directed 
primarily to the understanding of the issues and alternatives arising out of the work 
place. The course provides both an overview of what has been identified as industrial 
relations as well as familiarity with the tools used by its practitioners. Also it will 
review closely some of the more interesting and developing areas of the subject 
matter. Students will study negotiation, administration, wage/fringe issues and 
contents of labor agreements. Prerequisite: ENG 825. 3 credits. 

ACT 875. Managerial Accounting. This course provides students previously 
exposed to basic financial and managerial accounting principles with an opportunity 
to study the structure and use accounting systems designed to aid management in 
controlling costs and profits. The course stresses financial statement analysis, 
sources and uses of funds analysis, tax implications on managerial decisions, 
responsibility accounting and the impact of inflation. 3 credits. 

MGT 880. Investments and Portfolio Management. This course acquaints the 
student with the tools essential for sound money management. Investment manage- 
ment begins by considering the goals of the investor with respect to risk exposure, 

151 



tax environment, liquidity needs and appreciation versus income potentials. Strat- 
egies will be developed to satisfy these objectives. Mathematical models of portfolio 
selection to help reduce risk through diversification will be developed. Special 
attention will be paid to the theories of determinants of asset prices, including the 
capital-asset pricing model. Prerequisite: MGT 805. 3 credits. 

ECN885. Managerial Economics. This course focuses on economic planning and 
decision-making in the firm. The study of actual problems is provided by means of 
case analysis and independent study. 3 credits. 

MGT 895. Business Policy. The strategic management of large business entities, 
including the formulation and evaluation of missions, strategies, objectives and 
policies. Historical and current situations are discussed. Cases are widely used and 
outside research is required. Prerequisite: 24 hours of graduate credit. 3 credits. 



152 



DIRECTORY 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Officers 

Thomas C. Reinhart Chairperson 

Elaine G. Hackman Vice-Chairperson 

JohnR. Eby Vice-Chairperson 

Edward H. Arnold Vice-Chairperson 

Harry B. Yost Secretary 

Deborah R. Fullam Treasurer 

Harlan R. Wengert Assistant Treasurer 

Allan W. Mund Chairperson Emeritus 

F. Allen Rutherford Jr Chairperson Emeritus 

Elizabeth K. Weisburger Chairperson Emerita 

Trustees 

Edward H. Arnold, B.S.,L.H.D.; President, Arnold Industries; Lebanon, PA (1993). 

Katherine J. Bishop, BA. , M.BA.; Vice President , Lebanon Chemical Corporation; 
General Manager, Lebanon Agricorp, Lebanon, PA (1994). 

John C. Bowerman, Student, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA (1992). 

Donald M. Cooper, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Hamilton 
Bank, Core States Financial Corporation; Reading, PA (1994). 

James J. Davison; Retired Business Executive; Freehold, NJ (1992). 

Wesley T. Dellinger, B.S.; Vice President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; Palmyra, PA 
(1994). 

John R. Eby, B.S.; President, Eby & Associates, Business Consultants; Lancaster, 
PA (1992). 

Rufus A. Fulton, BA.; President, Fulton Financial Corp.; Lancaster, PA (1992). 

153 



Darwin G. Glick, B.S.; Partner, Glick, Stanilla and Siegel; Lebanon, PA (1993). 

Martin L.Gluntz; 5.5., M.S., Ph.D.; Vice President, Manufacturing and Distribution 
Services, Hershey International Ltd., Hershey Foods Corporation, Hershey, PA 
(1993). 

Arthur L. Goldberg, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Goldberg, Katzman andShipman; 
Harrisburg, PA (1992). 

Elaine G. Hackman, BA.; Retired Business Executive; Akron, PA (1994). 

Carolyn R. Hanes, BA.,MA., Ph.D.; Professor of Sociology and Social Work and 
Chairperson, Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA (1992). 

Lois G. Johnson, B.S., M.Ed.; Chairperson, Department of English, Delaware 
Technical and Community College; Glen Mills, PA (1992). 

Gerald D. Kaufman, A.B., B.D., D.D., Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church; 
Carlisle, PA (1994). 

John D. Norton III, A.B., M.A., Ph.D.; Professor of Political Science and Chairper- 
son, Political Science and Economics Department, Lebanon Valley College; An- 
nville, PA (1993). 

Kenneth H. Plummer; Retired President, E.D. PlummerSons, Inc.; Chamber sburg, 
PA (1993). 

Thomas C. Reinhart, B.S.; President, T.C.R. Packaging, Inc. ,Albee-Campbell, Inc., 
and People Seekers; Wyomissing, PA (1993). 

John J. Shumaker, B A., J. D., Member, Pennsylvania State Senate; Harrisburg, PA 
(1994). 

Morton Spector; Vice President and Treasurer, D & H Distributing Co. ; Harrisburg, 
PA (1992). 

E. Peter Strickler, B.S.; President, Strickler Insurance Agency, Inc.; Lebanon, PA 
(1992). 

John A. Synodinos, B.S. , M.S.Ed.; President, Lebanon Valley College; Annville, PA. 



154 



Kathryn Seiverling Taylor, B.A.; Homemaker; Hershey, PA (1994). 

John A. Walter, B.S., J.D.; Judge, Lebanon County Court of Common Pleas; 
Lebanon, PA (1992). 

Harlan R. Wengert, B.S.,M.BA., D.ScL; Chairman, Wengert's Dairy; Lebanon, PA 
(1993). 

E.D. Williams Jr., L.H.D.; Private Investor; Lebanon, PA (1993). 

J. Dennis Williams, BA.,M.Div., D.Min.; Pastor, District Superintendent, Anthra- 
cite District, United Methodist Church; Orwigsburg, PA (1994). 

Samuel A. Willman, B.S., M.Com.; Vice President, Marketing, York Container 
Company; York, PA (1993). 

Allan F. Wolfe, BA., MA., Ph.D., Professor of Biology, Lebanon Valley College; 
Annville, PA (1994). 

Charles W. Wolfe, BA., M.Div.; Emeritus Vice President for University Relations, 
Bucknell University; Denver, PA (1992). 

Harry B. Yost, Esq., LL.B., LL.M.; Attorney, Appel & Yost; Lancaster, PA (1994). 

Emeriti 

William D.Boswell,Esq.,f7z.Z?., LL.B.; Attorney, BoswellSynderTintner & Piccola; 
Harris burg, PA. 

William D. Bryson, LL.D.; Retired Executive, Walter W. Moyer Company; Lancaster, 
PA. 

Curvin N. Dellinger, B.S.; President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc.; Lebanon, PA. 

De witt M. Essick, A.B.,M.S. ; Retired Manager of Education and Training , Armstrong 
World Industries; Lancaster, PA. 

Eugene C. Fish, Esq., B.S., LL.B.J.D.; President, Peerless Industries, Inc.; Chair- 
man of the Board, Eastern Foundry Company; Attorney, Romeika, Fish and 
Scheckter; Senior Partner, Tax Associates; Jenkintown, PA. 



155 



Thomas W. Guinivan, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church; 
Mechanicsburg, PA. 

Paul E. Horn, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church; Harris- 
burg, PA. 

Allan W. Mund, LL.D.; Retired Chairman, Ellicott Machine Corporation; Towson, 
MD. 

Harold S. Peiffer, A.B., B.D., S.TM., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist 
Church; Lancaster, PA. 

Jessie A. Pratt, B.S.; Retired Administrative Assistant, Legal Division, City of 
Philadelphia; Philadelphia, PA. 

Ezra H. Ranck, A.B.,B.D.,D.D.; Retired Pastor, UnitedMethodist Church; Lancaster, 
PA. 

Melvin S. Rife; Retired Executive, St. Regis Paper Company; York, PA. 

F. Allen Rutherford Jr. , B.S. , LL.D.; Retired Principal, Arthur Young and Company; 
Richmond, VA. 

Daniel L. Shearer, A .B., B.D., S.TM.,D.D.; Executive Assistant to the Bishop of the 
Harrisburg Area, UnitedMethodist Church; Harrisburg, PA. 

Elizabeth K. Weisburger, B.S.,Ph.D.,D.Sci.; Retired Chief of Carcinogen Metabo- 
lism and Toxicology Branch, National Cancer Institute; Bethesda, MD. 

Honorary 

Jefferson C. Barnhart, Esq., A.B., LL.B; Attorney, McNees, Wallace and Nurick; 
Harrisburg, PA. 

Felton E. May, BA.,M.Div.,D.D.; Resident Bishop of the Harrisburg Area, United 
Methodist Church; Harrisburg, PA. 

SusanM.Monison,B.A. ,M.Div.,DMin.,D.D.; Resident Bishop of the Philadelphia 
Area, UnitedMethodist Church, Valley Forge, PA. 

Horace E. Smith, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Smith andMcCleary: York, PA. 

156 



Anne B. Sweigart, B.S.; Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Denver 
andEphrata Telephone Company; Ephrata, PA. 

Woodrow W. Waltemyer, Business Executive; York, PA. 



ADMINISTRATION 

President 

John A. Synodinos, 1988-; B.S., Loyola College, 1959; M.S.Ed., Temple University, 
1977. 

Howard L. Applegate, 1983-; Secretary of the College, 1989-. B.A., Drew Univer- 
sity, 1957; M.A., Syracuse University, 1960; Ph.D., 1966. 

Diane E. Wenger, 1989-; Administrative Assistant to the President, 1990- . 

General College Officers 

Richard F. Charles, 1988-; Vice President , Advancement, 1988-. A.B., Franklin & 
Marshall College, 1953. 

Deborah R. Fullam, 1982- ; Controller, 1990- . B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1981; 
M.BA., Philadelphia College of Textiles & Science, 1988. 

Robert E. Hamilton, 1986-; Vice President, Administration, 1990-. A.B., Messiah 
College, 1962; M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1966; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania 
State University, 1972. 

William J. McGill Jr., 1986- ; Vice President and Dean of the college, 1986- . A.B., 
Trinity College, 1957; M.A., Harvard University, 1958; Ph.D., 1961. 

Robert A. Riley, 1976-1978, 1988-; Executive Director of Computing andTelecom- 
munications, 1988- . B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1976. 

Gregory G. Stanson, 1966-; Vice President, Enrollment and Student Services, 
1991-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.Ed., University of Toledo, 1966. 



157 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

Academic and Student Affairs 

William J. McGill, Vice President and Dean of the college. 

Karen D. Best, 1990- ; Registrar, 1990- . BA., Dickinson College, 1989. 

Arthur L. Ford, 1965-; Associate Academic Dean, 1990-. A.B., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1959; M.A., Bowling Green State University, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 

Elaine D. Feather, 1989- ; Director of Continuing Education, 1989- . B.S., State 
University of New York College at Cortland, 1965; M.S., State University of New 
York College at Brockport, 1973. 

Elizabeth A. Calvario, 1988-; Continuing Education Academic Adviser, 1988-; 
Acting Coordinator, M.BA. Program, 1991 '-. B.S., University of Southern Colo- 
rado, 1984; M.BA., Shippensburg University, 1986. 

Barbara Jones Denison, 1987- ; Director of Academic Support Services, Continuing 
Education, 1989- . B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1979; MA. University of York, 
1981; Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1985. 

Joel Louise Ervin, 1991-; Associate Director of Continuing Education (F&M Cam- 
pus), 1991-. A.B., Westminster College, 1952; M.S.Ed, Temple University, 1979. 

Dale J. Erskine, 1983-; Director, Youth Scholars Institute, 1985-. BA., University 
of Maine at Portland, 1974; M.A., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1976; 
Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, 1982- ; Director of Special Music Programs, 1989- ; BA., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1979; MM., Westminster Choir College, 1982. 

Leon E. Markowicz, 1971-; Director of Academic Support Programs, 1990- . A.B., 
Duquesne University, 1964; MA., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

Daniel B. McKinley, 1988- ; Director of Leadership and Student Development 
Programs, 1990- . B.S., United States Coast Guard Academy, 1968; M.A.L.S., 
Wesleyan University, 1973; MA. , University of Maryland, 1982. 



158 



P. Robert Paustian, 7997-; Librarian, 1991 '-. £A, University of Missouri, 1971; 
M.A., University of Kansas, 1975; MA., University of Missouri, 1979. 

Alice S. Diehl, 1966-; Technical Processes Librarian, 1966- . A.B., Smith College, 
1956; B.S., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1957; M.L.S., University of Pitts- 
burgh, 1966. 

Donna L. Miller, 1986-; Readers' Services Librarian, 198,6-. B.S., Millersville 
University, 1984; M.L.S., Drexel University, 1986. 

John J. Uhl, 1 980- ; Director of Media Services, 1 980 -.B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1979. 

Andrews. Greene, 1990- ; Assistant Director, MediaServices,1990-.B.S.,Kutztown 
University, 1990. 

Religious Affairs 

Timothy M. Dewald, 7989-; Acting Chaplain, 1991-; B.A., Dickinson College, 
1970; M.Div., Andover Newton Theological School, 1975. 

Thomas H. Smith, 1988-; Adjunct Catholic Chaplain, 1988-. B.A., Saint Charles 
Seminary, 1953. 

Enrollment and Student Services 

Gregory G. Stanson, Vice President, Enrollment and Student Services. 

William J. Brown Jr., 1980-; Director of Admissions, 1991- . B A., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1979; M.BA., Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science, 1988. 

Mark A. Brezitski, 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1989-. B.A., Shippensburg 
University, 1985. 

Timothy M. Ebersole, 1986- ; Admission Counselor, 1990- . B.S., Shippensburg 
University, 1983. 

Ronald K. Good, 1983-; Associate Director of Admission, 1991-. B.S. in Ed.. 
Millersville University, 1959; M.Ed., 1966. 



159 



James P. Monos, Jr., 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1986-. B.S., Shippensburg Uni- 
versity, 1972; M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 1978. 

Lynell R. Shore, 1990- ; Assistant Director for Financial Aid, 1990- . B.S., Albright 
College, 1990. 

David C.Evans, 1981 -; Director of Career Planning and Placement, 1989-; BA., 
Slippery Rock University, 1969; M.Ed., Rutgers University, 1970. 

Russell J. Owens, 1988-; Director ofE.H. Arnold Sports Center, 1988-. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1960. 

Rosemary Yuhas, 7975-; Dean, Student Services, 1991- . B.S., Lock Haven 
University, 1966; M.Ed., West Chester University, 1970. 

Kate Beiler, 1990- ; Counseling Psychologist, 1990- . B A., Miller sville University, 
1979; MA., Rosemead School of Psychology, 1989. 

David A. Calvario, 7957-; Director of Student Life, 1990- . B.S., Shippensburg 
University, 1982; M.S., 1986. 

Jennifer M. Dawson, 7997-; Director of Student Activities. B.S., Kansas State 
University, 1989; M.S., Shippensburg University, 1991. 

Laura L. Etzweiler, 1990- ; Residence Hall Director, 1990- . B.S., Delaware Valley 
College, 1989. 

Donald Friday, 7990-; Residence Hall Director, 1990- . B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1990. 

John T. Hower, 1988-; Counseling Psychologist, 1988-. B.A., Wheaton College, 
1970; MA., Rosemead School of Psychology, 1974; Ph.D.,1977. 

Juliana Z. Wolfe, 1975-1978; 1979- ; Director of Health Center and Head Nurse, 
1979-. R.N., Diploma, St. Joseph's Hospital, 1963. 

Robert F. Early, 7977-; College Physician, 1971-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1949; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1952. 

Veronica Fabian, 1984- ; Staff Nurse, 1984- . R.N., Diploma, Spencer Hospital, 
1961. 

160 



Russell L. Gingrich, 7977-; College Physician, 1971-. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1947; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1951. 

Robert M. Kline, 1970- ; College Physician, 1970- . B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1950; M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1955; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 
1971. 

Advancement 
Richard F. Charles, Vice President for Advancement. 

Ellen H. Arnold, 1988-; Director of Annual Giving, 1988- . B.A., Bucknell Univer- 
sity, 1964. 

C. PaulBrubaker Jr., 1989-; Director of PlannedGiving. B.S.,FranklinandMarshall 
College, 1952; M.B.A., Wharton Graduate School, University of Pennsylvania, 
1955. 

Matthew A. Hugg, 1987- ; Director of Corporate and Foundation Relations, 1990- 
B.S., Juniata College, 1983. 

Monica E. Kline, 1 988-; Director of Alumni Programs, 1990- . B A., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1988. 

Judy Pehrson, 7959-; Director of College Relations, 1989-. B.A., University of 
Michigan, 1968; M.A., 1972. 

John B. Deamer Jr., 1986- ; Associate Director of College Relations and Director of 
Sports Information, 1990- . B.A., LaSalle University, 1985. 

Jane Marie Paluda, 1 990- ; Director of Publications, 1990- . B A., Moravian College, 
1980. 

Financial Affairs 
Deborah R. Fullam, Controller and Treasurer. 

Michael J. Gallager, 7990-; Assistant Controller, 1990-. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1983. 



161 



Dana K. Lesher, 1990-; Assistant, Business Services, 1990-. BA., Millersville 
University, 1977. 

Computer Services 

Robert A. Riley, Executive Director of Computing and Telecommunications. 

Robert J. Dillane, 1985- ; Director of Administrative Computing, 1986- . B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1977. 

Ronald D. McClellan, 1991 -; Network Systems Manager, 1991- ;B A., Pennsylvania 
State University, 1983. 

Curt S. Tomlinson, 1990-; Director of Advancement Computing 1990-. B.S., 
Millersville University, 1982. 

Michael C. Zeigler, 1990-; Director of User Services and Computer Workshops, 
1990- . B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1979. 

Administrative Affairs 

Robert E. Hamilton, Vice President, Administration. 

Robert E. Harnish, 7967-; Manager of the College Store, 1967- . BA., Randolph 
Macon College, 1966. 

George F. Lovell Jr., 1988-; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, 1988. 

Harold L. Fessler, 1984-; Director of Maintenance, 1984-. 

Margaret A. Lahr, 1988-; Director of Housekeeping, 1988-. 

Kevin R. Yeiser, 1982-; Director of Grounds, 1982- . 

Walter L. Smith, 1961-1969; 197 1-; Director of Telephone Services, 1990- . B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1961; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 1967. 

Louis A. Sorrentino, 7977-; Director of Athletics, 1981- . B.A., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1954; M.A., Bucknell University, 1961. 



162 



Kathleen Tierney , 1983- ; Assistant Director of Athletics, Director of Summer Sports 
Camps, 1988- . B.S., State University of New York atBrockport, 1979. 

Allen R. Yingst, 7959-; Director of Security, 1990-. 

Athletics 

Louis A. Sorrentino, Director of Athletics, 191 '1-; AssistantMen' s Basketball Coach, 
1986- ; Golf Coach, 1989- . 

Timothy M. Ebersole, 1986-; Baseball Coach, 1990-. 

Patrick J. Flannery, 1989-; Men's Basketball Coach; Assistant Baseball Coach, 
1989-; B.A., Bucknell University, 1980, M.S., 1983. 

Lawrence M. Larthey, 1988- ; Wrestling Coach, 1988- . B.S., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1972. 

James P. Monos Jr., 1986-; Football Coach, 1986-. 

Kathleen M. Nelson, 1990- ; Women' s Basketball Coach, Women's Softball Coach, 
1990- . B.S., Edinboro University, 1979; MA., Central Michigan University, 1987. 

Russell J. Owens, 1988-; Men's and Women's Swimming Coach, 1989-. 

Wayne Perry, 1987-; Women's Volleyball Coach, 1988-. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1978. 

O. Kent Reed, 1971-; Men's Track and Field Coach, Men's and Women's Cross- 
country Coach, 1971-. B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., Eastern Kentucky 
University, 1970. 

Harry A. Shirk Jr., 1987-; Soccer Coach, 1987-. 

James E. Stark, 1986-; Athletic Trainer, 1986- . B.S., Lock Haven University, 1983; 
M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1986. 

Kathleen M. Tierney, 1983- ; Assistant Director of Athletics, 1988- ; Field Hockey 
Coach, 1983-. 



163 



FACULTY 

Active 

Howard L. Applegate, 1983-; Associate Professor of History and American 
Studies. B A., Drew University, 1957 ;M. A., Syracuse University, 1960; Ph.D., 1966. 

Sharon Darmofall Arnold, 1986-; Associate Professor of Sociology. BA., Univer- 
sity of Akron, 1964; MA., 1967. 

Susan Atkinson, 1987- ; Associate Professor of Education. B.S., Shippensburg 
University, 1972; M.Ed., (Elementary Education) 1973; M.Ed., (Special Education) 
1979; D.Ed., Temple University, 1987. 

Philip A. Billings, 1970- ; Professor of English. BA., Heidelberg College, 1965; 
M.A., Michigan State University, 1967; Ph.D., 1974. (Chairperson of Department 
of English, spring 1992). 

Marie Bongiovanni, Visiting Assistant Professor of English. BA., Temple Univer- 
sity, 1977; M.BA., Drexel University, 1982. 

Donald C. Boone, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. B.A., Michigan 
State University, 1964; M.BA., 1966. 

James H. Broussard, 1983- ; Professor of History, Chairperson of the Department of 
History and American Studies. A.B., Harvard University, 1963; MA., Duke Univer- 
sity, 1977; Ph.D., 1968. 

Donald Eugene Brown, 1983- ; Professor of Political Science. B.S. , Western Illinois 
University, 1969; M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1973; Ph.D., 
1982. 

Donald E. Byrne Jr. , 1971 -; Professor of Religion; Director of the American Studies 
Program. B A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963; MA. .Marquette University, 1966; Ph.D., 
Duke University, 1972. 

Voorhis C. Cantrell, 1968- ; Professor of Religion and Greek. BA., Oklahoma City 
University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist University, 1956; Ph.D., Boston Uni- 
versity, 1967. (On leave, spring 1992.) 



164 



Sharon F. Gark, 1986-; Associate Professor of Management; Chairperson of the 
Department of Management. BA., University of Richmond, 1969; J. D., 1971. 

Richard D. Cornelius, 1985-; Professor of Chemistry; Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Chemistry. BA., Carleton College, 1969; Ph.D., University of Iowa, 1974. 

Salvatore Cullari, 1986- ; Associate Professor of Psychology. BA., Kean College, 
1974; MA., Western Michigan University, 1976; Ph.D., 1981. 

George D. Currman, 1961-; Professor of Music, B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1953; M.M., University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State Univer- 
sity, 1971. 

Donald B. Dahlberg, 1980- ; Associate Professor of Chemistry. B.S., University of 
Washington, 1967; M.S., Cornell University, 1969; Ph.D., 1971. 

Michael A. Day, 1987-; Associate Professor of Physics. B.S., University of Idaho, 
1969; MA., 1975, Ph.D., 1977, University of Nebraska (Philosophy). M.S., 1978, 
Ph.D., 1983, University of Nebraska (Physics). 

Phylis Dryden, 1 987-; Assistant Professor of English. B A. .Atlantic Union College, 
1976; MA., State University of New York at Albany, 1985; Ph.D., 1988. 

Scott H. Eggert, 1 983-; Associate Professor of Music. B.FA., University of Wiscon- 
sin (Milwaukee), 1971; MA., University of Chicago, 1974; DMA., University of 
Kansas, 1982. 

Susan L. Egner, 1988-; Instructor in Spanish. BA., Lebanon Valley College, 1982; 
M.A., Middlebury College, 1987. 

Dale J. Erskine, 1983-; Associate Professor of Biology. Director of the Youth 
Scholars Institute. B.A., University of Maine at Portland, 1974; MA., State 
University of New York at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 

Arthur L. Ford, 1965- ; Professor of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; 
M.A., Bowling Green State University, 1960; Ph.D., 1964. 

Michael D. Fry, 1983-; Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., Im- 
maculate Heart College, 1975; Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1980. 



165 



Michael A. Grella, 1980-; Professor of Education; Chairperson of the Department 
of Education. BA., St. Mary's Seminary and University, 1958; MA., West Virginia 
University, 1970; Ed.D., 1974. 

Gary Grieve-Carlson, 1990-; Assistant Professor of English. BA., Bates College, 
1977; MA., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1980; Ph.D., Boston 
University, 1988. 

Klement M. Hambourg, 1982- ^Associate Professor of Music. AT. CM., Royal 
Conservatory of Music, 1946; L.R.AM., Royal Academy of Music, 1962;A.R.CM., 
Royal College of Music, 1962; L.T.C.L., Trinity College of Music (London), 1965; 
Fellow, 1966; DMA., University of Oregon, 1977. 

Carolyn R. Hanes, 1977- ; Professor of Sociology and Social Work. Chairperson of 
the Department of Sociology and Social Work. BA., Central Michigan University, 
1969; MA., University of New Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, 7977-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. BA., Western 
Washington State College, 1964; MA., Washington State University, 1966; Ph.D., 
1968. (On leave, Spring 1992.) 

Robert H. Hearson, 1986-; Assistant Professor of Music. B. Music, University of 
Iowa, 1964; MA., 1965; Ed.D., University of Illinois, 1983. 

John H. Heffner, 1972- ; Professor of Philosophy; Chairperson of the Department of 
Religion and Philosophy. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; B.A., 1987; AM., 
Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 1976. 

Paul A. Heise, 7997-; Assistant Professor of Economics. B.S.F.S., Georgetown 
University, 1958; MA., 1963; M.PA., Harvard University, 1972; Ph.D., New 
School for Social Research, 1991. 

Jeanne C. Hey, 1989- ; Assistant Professor of Economics. BA.,Bucknell University, 
1954; M.B A., Lehigh University, 1982; Ph.D., 1990. 

Anne R. Higginbottom, 1990- ; Assistant Professor of English. BA., Syracuse 
University, 1970; M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1983. 

Barry L. Hurst, 1982-; Associate Professor of Physics; Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Physics. B.S., Juniata College, 1972; Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1982. 



166 



Diane M. Iglesias, 1976-; Professor of Spanish; Chairperson of the Department of 
Foreign Languages. B A., Queens College, 1971 ;M. A., 1974; Ph.D., City University 
of New York, 1979. 

Richard A. Iskowitz, 1969- ; Associate Professor of Art; Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Art. B.FA., Kent State University, 1965; M.FA., 1967. 

Richard A. Joyce, 1966-; Associate Professor of History. A.B., Yale University, 
1952; MA., San Francisco State College, 1963. 

John P. Kearney, 7977-; Professor of English; Chairperson of the Department of 
English. B.A., St. Benedict's College, 1962; MA., University of Michigan, 1963; 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1968. (On leave, spring 1992.) 

Edward H. Krebs, 1976-80; 1989- ; Assistant Professor of Economics. B.S., The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1965; M.S., University of Massachusetts, 1967; 
Ph.D. Michigan State University, 1970. (On leave, 1991-1993.) 

David I. Lasky, 1974- ; Professor of Psychology; Chairperson of the Department of 
Psychology. A.B., Temple University, 1956; MA., 1958; Ph.D., 1961. 

Robert W. Leonard, 1988- ; Assistant Professor of 'Management. B A., Ohio Univer- 
sity, 1977; MA., St. Francis School of Industrial Relations, 1978, M.B.A., The Ohio 
State University, 1986. 

Thomas Jyh-ChengLiu, 7990- ; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B .S., 
Tatung Institute of Technology, 1979; M.S. in Chemical Engineering, University of 
Illinois at Chicago, 1983; M.S. in Mathematics, 1985; Ph.D., 1988. 

Leon E. Markowicz, 7977-/ Professor of Leadership Studies. A.B., Duquesne Uni- 
versity, 1964; MA., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

Joerg W.P. Mayer, 7970-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Dipl. Math., Uni- 
versity ofGiessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. 

Mark L. Mecham, 1990- ; Associate Professor of Music; Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Music. BM., University of Utah, 1976; M.M., 1978; DMA., University of 
Illinois, 1985. 

Owen A. Moe Jr., 7973-; Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. Olafs College, 1966; 
Ph.D., Purdue University, 1971. 

167 



Philip G. Morgan, 1969- ; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.E., Pittsburg State 
University (Kansas), 1962; M.S., 1965. (On leave, fall 1991.) 

John D. Norton, 7977-; Professor of Political Science; Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Political Science and Economics. B.A., University of Illinois, 1965; MA., 
Florida State University, 1967; PhD., American University, 1973. 

Jan Pedersen, 1989- ; Assistant Professor of Psychology. BA., State University of 
New York at Stony Brook, 1978; Ph.D., 1985. 

Sidney Pollack, 1976-; Professor of Biology. BA., New York University, 1963; 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1970. 

Barney T. Raf field III, 1990- ; Associate Professor of Management. B.B A., Southern 
Methodist University, 1968; M.BA., 1971; Ph.D., Union Graduate School, 1982. 

Sharon Hall Raffield, 1990- ; Associate Professor of Sociology and Social Work. 
A.B., Wheaton College, 1963; M.S.W., Washington University, 1967. 

O. KentReed, 197 1-; Associate Professor of Physical Education; Chairperson of the 
Department of Physical Education. B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; MA., Eastern 
Kentucky University, 1970. 

C. Robert Rose, 7987-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed., Southern Illinois 
University, 1964; M.M., 1966; DM., Indiana University, 1978. 

Gail Sanderson, 1983 -.Assistant Professor of Accounting. B A., Hobart and William 
Smith Colleges, 1970; M.BA., Boston University, 1977. (On leave, fall 1991.) 

James W. Scott, 1976-; Professor of German. B.A., Juniata College, 1965; Ph.D., 
Princeton University, 1971. 

Stephen R. Sexsmith, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Chemistry. A.B., Kenyon Col- 
lege, 1980; Ph.D., State University of New York, 1988. 

Steven M. Specht, 7989-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.S., State University 
of New York at Oswego, 1982; MA., State University of New York at Binghamton, 
1987; Ph.D., 1988. 

Joelle L. Stopkie, 1989-; Assistant Professor of French. Licence, Sorbonne, 1960; 
MA., New York University, 1963; Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College, 1979. 

168 



Dale E. Summers, 1990- ; Assistant Professor of Education; Director of Elementary 
and Secondary School Relations. B.S., Ball State University, 1971 ; M.A., 1973; 
Ed.D., 1978. 

Dennis W. Sweigart, 1972-; Associate Professor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1963; M.M., University of Michigan, 1965; D.M.A., University of Iowa, 
1977. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, 1967-; Associate Professor of Philosophy. A.B., Trinity 
University, 1957; M. A., University of Texas, 1963. 

Horace W. Tousley, 1981 -; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences; Chair- 
person of the Department of Mathematical Sciences. A.B., Ripon College, 1951 ; 
M.S.I.E. (OR), University of Alabama, 1970. 

Mark A. Townsend, 1983- ; Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.S., 
Bethany Nazarene College, 1965; M.A., Oklahoma University, 1969; Ed.D., Okla- 
homa State University, 1983. 

Perry J. Troutman, I960-; Professor of Religion. BA., Houghton College, 1949; 
M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1952; Ph.D., Boston University, 1964. 

Susan E. Verhoek, 1974- ; Professor of Biology. B.A., Ohio Wesley an University, 
1964; MA., Indiana University, 1966; Ph.D., Cornell University, 1975. (On leave, 
fall 1991.) 

Stephen E. Williams, 1973- ; Professor of Biology. BA., Central College, 1964; 
M.S., University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., Washington University, 1971. (On 
leave, fall 1991.) 

Barbara S. Wirth, 7957-; Assistant Professor of Accounting, 1988. B.A.. Lehigh 
University, 1979;M.BA., 1985. 

Paul L. Wolf, 1966-; Professor of Biology; Chairperson of the Department of 
Biology. B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1960; M.S., University of Delaware, 1963; 
Ph.D., 1968. 

AllanF. Wolfe, 1 968-; Professor of Biology. B A. Gettysburg College, 1963; MA., 
Drake University, 1965; Ph.D., University of Vermont, 1968. 



169 



Emeriti 

Madelyn J. Albrecht, 1973-1990; Associate Professor Emerita of Education. B.A., 
Northern Baptist College, 1952; MA., Michigan State University, 1958; Ph.D., 
1972. 

Richard C. Bell, 1966-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple University, 1955. 

James O. Bemesderfer, 1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege, 1936; M.Div., United Theological Seminary, 1939; S.TM. , Lutheran Theologi- 
cal Seminary, Philadelphia, 1945; S.T.D., Temple University, 1951. 

EloiseP. Brown, 1961-1987; Readers' Services Librarian Emerita. B.S.L.S. Simmons 
College, 1946. 

D. Clark Carmean, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admissions. A. B., Ohio Wesley an 
University, 1926; M. A., Columbia University, 1932. 

Charles T. Cooper, 1965-1979; Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish. B.S., 
United States Naval Academy, 1942; M.A., Middlebury College, 1965. 

Hilda M. Damus, 1963-1976; Professor Emerita of German. MA., University of 
Berlin and Jena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 

Robert S. Davidon, 1970-1984; Professor Emeritus of Psychology, 1985. A.B., 
University of Illinois, 1940; MA., University of Pennsylvania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 

Carl Y. Ehrhart, 1947-1983; Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Dean of the 
college Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1940; M.Div., United Theological 
Seminary, 1943; Ph.D., Yale University, 1954. 

William H. Fairlamb, 1947-1990; Professor Emeritus of Music. Mus.B., cum laude, 
Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. 

Alex J. Fehr, 1951-1982; Professor Emeritus of Political Science. A.B., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1950; M.A., Columbia University, 1957; Ph.D., Syracuse Univer- 
sity, 1968. 

Elizabeth M. Geffen, 1958-1983; Professor Emerita of History. B.S., University of 
Pennsylvania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. 

170 



Pierce A. Getz, 1959-1990; Professor Emeritus of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1951;M.S.M., UnionTheological Seminary School of Sacred Music, 1953; 
AMD., Eastman School of Music, 1967. 

June E. Herr, 1959-1980; Associate Professor Emerita of Elementary Education. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University, 
1954. 

Thomas A. Lanese, 1954-1978; Associate Professor Emeritus of Strings, Conduct- 
ing, and Theory. BM us., Baldwin-Wallace College, 1938; Fellow, Julliard Gradu- 
ate School; M.Mus., Manhattan School of Music, 1952. 

Jean O. Love, 1954-1985; Professor Emerita of Psychology. A. B., Erskine College, 
1941; MA., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1953. 

Anna D. Faber McVay, 1954-1976; Professor Emerita of English. A.B., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 1950; Ph.D., 1954. 

Howard A. Neidig, 1948-1985; Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1943; M.S., University of Delaware, 1946; Ph.D., 1948. 

Agnes B. O'Donnell, 1961-1987; Professor Emerita of English. A.B., Immaculata 
College, 1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 
1967; Ph.D., 1976. 

J. Robert O'Donnell, 1961 -1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S.,The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1950; M.S., University of Delaware, 1953. 

Gerald J. Petrofes, 1963-1988; Associate Professor Emeritus of Physical Education. 
B.S., Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. 

Sara Elizabeth Piel, 1960-1975; Professor Emerita of Languages. A.B., Chatham 
College, 1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; Ph.D., 1938. 

Jacob L. Rhodes, 1957-1985; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1943; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1958. 

Robert C. Riley, 1951-1986; Professor Emeritus, Economics and Business Admin- 
istration; Vice President and Controller, Emeritus; B.S., Shippensburg State Col- 
lege, 1941; M.S., Columbia University, 1947; Ph.D., New York University, 1962; 
C.PM., 1976. 

171 



Malin Ph. Saylor, 1961-1980; Professor Emerita of French, 1985. Fil Kand., 
Universities ofUpsala and Stockholm, 1938. 

Ralph S. Shay, 1948-1951 ; 1953-1984; Professor Emeritus of History and Assistant 
Dean of the college Emeritus. A. B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; AM., University 
of Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. 

Robert W. Smith, 1951-1983; Professor Emeritus of Music, B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 

George Struble, 1931-1970; Professor Emeritus of English. B.S. in Ed., University 
of Kansas, 1922; M.S. in Ed., 1925; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1931. 

James M. Thurmond, 1954-1979; Professor Emeritus of Music Education and 
Brass. Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931 ; A. B ., American University, 1951; 
M.A., Catholic University, 1952; Mus.D., Washington College of Music, 1944. 

C.F. Joseph Tom, 1954-1989; Professor Emeritus of Economics. BA., Hastings 
College, 1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. 

L. Elbert Wethington, 1963-1983; Professor Emeritus of Religion. BA., Wake 
Forest, 1944; B.D., Duke University, 1947; Ph.D., 1949. 

Glenn H. Woods, 1965-1990; Associate Professor Emeritus of English. A.B., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University, 1962. 

Adjunct 

Michael J. Asken, 1986- ; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. BA., The 
Johns Hopkins University, 1972 ;M. A., WestVirginia University, 1974;Ph.D.,1976. 

Robert W. Biddle Jr., 1989-;Adjunct Instructor in Hotel Management. B.S., The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1977; M.S., 1988. 

Carole Bitts, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor in English. B.S., Millersville University. 

Madeline E. Blackway, 1991-; Adjunct Instructor inEducation. B.S., Pennsylvania 
State University, 1956; M.S.L.S. andM.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1980, 1982; 
Ed.D., Temple University, 1987. 



172 



Teresa M. Bowers, 1978-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.M., Susquehanna Univer- 
sity, 1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

Michael A. Casey, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor in Military Science. BA., University 
of Notre Dame; Captain, United States Army. 

Erwin P. Chandler, 1978- ; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Music. B.S., Ithaca 
College, 1966; MM., Indiana University, 1971. 

Kim W. Dalton, 1990-; Adjunct Instructor of Psychology. AA., Emmanuel College, 
1977 ; B .S ., The P ennsylvaniaState University at Harrisburg, 1983;M.S.,Millersville 
University, 1985. 

Timothy M. Dewald, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor in Mathematical Sciences. B.A., 
Dickinson College, 1970; M.Div., Andover Newton Theological School, 1975. 

Blake D. Dutton, 1990-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion and Philosophy. 
BA., University of North Texas, 1985; B.M., 1985. 

John R. Eby, 1989- ; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1957. 

James A. Erdman II, 1983-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. 

Timothy M. Erdman, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Temple University, 
1970. 

Dennis N. Eshlemen, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management. M.B.A., 
Columbia University, 1977. 

William R. Fisher, 7997-; Adjunct Instructor in Education. B.S., Millersville 
University, 1954; M.Ed., Temple University, 1964. 

Wayne W. Floyd Jr., 7997-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion. B.Mu.Ed., 
Mississippi State University, 1972; M.Div., Emory University, 1976; Ph.D., 1985. 

V. Carl Gacono, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Real Estate. B.S., Susquehanna 
University, 1953. 

Robert D. Gingrich, 1985- ; Adjunct Instructor in Social Work. M.S., Moravian 
College, 1968. 

173 



Richard J. Goedkoop, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of English. Ph.D., The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1980. 

James S.Hume, 7 983-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of 'Mathematical Sciences. M.S., 
Virginia State College, 1970. 

Koyumi Ito, 1990-; Adjunct Instructor in Japanese. AA., Kyoto Women's Junior 
College, 1982. 

Alfred T. Jelinek, 1989-; Adjunct Instructor in Military Science. MB. A., Columbus 
College, 1984; Captain, United States Army. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, 1954-1958; 1963; 1 970- ; Adjunct Associate Professor of Music. 
Mus.B., Oberlin Conservatory of Music, 1951; M.F A., Ohio University, 1953. 

Joseph D. Mixon, 7997-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.A., Moravian College, 
1981; MM., Combs College of Music, 1990. 

Robert A. Nowak, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor inMusic. B.S., Mansfield State College, 
1973; MM., University of Miami, 1975. 

Thomas L. Oetjen, 7997-; Adjunct Professor of Military Science. MA.,Middlebury 
College; Major, United States Army. 

Lawrence Oncley, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., University of Puget 
Sound, 1963; B. Mus., 1964; MMus., Indiana University, 1968; Ph.D., 1975. 

Joseph E. Peters, 1974- ; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1973. 

Holly L. Preston, 7987-; Adjunct Instructor in Sociology. B.S.W., Shippensburg 
University, 1977; M.S.W., Marywood College, 1981. 

Marie E. Riegle, 7985-; Adjunct Instructor in Art. M.F A., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1979. 

Christine J. Rhoads, 7989-; Adjunct Instructor in Management. B.S., Kutztown 
University, 1982; M.Ed., Temple University, 1985; Ed.D., Lehigh University, 1990. 

Jeffrey S. Riehl, 1990- ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1983; MM., Westminster Choir College, 1987. 

174 



Carolyn B. Scott, 1987-; Adjunct Instructor in French. B A., Juniata College, 1965. 

William F. Stine III, 1989-; Adjunct Instructor in Sound Recording Technology. 
B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1969; M.A., West Chester University, 1975. 

Thomas M. Strohman, 1977-1983; 1987-; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Leba- 
non Valley College, 1975. 

Linda L. Summers, 1991 -; Adjunct Instructor of Education. B.S., Ball State Univer- 
sity, 1972; M.A., 1977. 

Ford S. Thompson, 1 985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M. A., George 
Washington University, 1967. 

Anna F. Tilberg, 1982- ; Adjunct Instructor in Biology. B.A., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1969. 

Richard J. Tushup, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor in Psychology. A.B., St. Vincent 
Seminary; MA., 1971; Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1977. 

R. Gordon Wise, 1973-; Adjunct Professor of Art. Ed.D., University of Missouri, 
1970. 

Adjuncts in Medical Technology 

Harrisburg Hospital: Medical Director of Laboratories, Him Kwee, M.D.; 
Program Director, Janice M. Fogelman, M.Ed., M.T. (ASCP) 

Jersey Shore Medical Center: Medical Director, Martin Krummerman, M.D.; 
Educational Coordinator, Florence M. Cook, M.T. (ASCP) 

Lancaster General Hospital: Director, Gerald Fans, M.D.; 
Program Director, Nadine Gladfelter, M.S., M.T. (ASCP) 

Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg: Director, Julian Potok, D.O.; 
Education Director, Lynn L. Russell, M.T. (ASCP), CLS, M.A. 

Reading Hospital and Medical Center: Director, I. Donald Stuard, M.D.; 
Program Director, Sharon Strauss, CLS (NCA) M.T. (ASCP) 

Sacred Heart Hospital: Director, Francis V. Kostelnik, M.D.; 
Program Director, Sandra A. Neiman, M.T. (ASCP), CLS. 

175 



COLLEGE SUPPORT STAFF 

Kathleen R. Anspach Print Shop and Mail Services 

Charles R. Beamesderfer Garber Science Center 

Marilyn E. Boeshore Alumni Office 

Leslie L. Bojanic Continuing Education Office (F&M Campus) 

Donna L. Brickley Mathematical Sciences Department/ 

Administration and Controller Offices 

Vicky Cantrell Financial Aid Office 

Lewis H. Cooke Jr Athletic Equipment Manager 

Jennifer M. Deamer Business Office 

Susan Donmoyer Religion and Philosophy Department, Chaplain's Office 

Naomi R. Emerich Advancement Office 

Beverly J. Gamble Student Affairs Office 

Jo Lynn Gerber Advancement Office 

Susan M. Greenawalt Continuing Education Office 

Nancy J. Hartman Business Office 

Pamela S. Hillegas Athletic Office 

Alice L. Kohr Student Activities Office 

G. Roz Kujovsky Library 

Pamela V. Lambert Arnold Sport Center 

Patricia A. Laudermilch Registrar's Office 

Diana L. Levengood Advancement Office 

Bonnie L. Lingle Music Office 

Karen R. McLucas Admission Office 

Gwendolyn W. Pierce Administration and Controller Offices 

Cynthia A. Plasterer Admission Office 

Christine M. Reeves Vice President for Advancement Office 

Charlotte J. Rittle Management Office 

Sally A. Rivera Biology, Psychology, and Sociology Departments 

Marian C. Rogers Secretary of the College Office 

Ann Saftstrom Education Department 

Patricia A. Schools Career Planning and Placement Office 

Jacqueline F. Showers Telephone Services 

Barbara A. Smith Vice President and Dean of the College Office 

Denise N. Smith Humanities Departments 

Ingeborg M. Snoke Advancement Office 

EllaK. Stott Library 

Pamela J. Stoudt Library 

Mary Beth Strehl College Relations Office 

Linda L. Summers Registrar's Office 

Bernice K. Teahl Art, Chemistry and Physics Departments 

Bonnie C. Tenney Buildings and Grounds Office 

176 



THE CHRISTIAN R. AND MARY R LINDBACK 
DISTINGUISHED TEACHING AWARDS 

The Lindback Awards for distinguished teaching are supported by grants from the 
Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Foundation. The Lindback Award recipients, 
who must be full-time members of the Lebanon Valley College faculty, are selected 
by the president of the college after appropriate consultation with alumni, students, 
faculty and staff. 

Previous Awardees 

1985 Leon E. Markowicz, Ph.D., Professor of English 

1986 Carolyn R. Hanes, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology and Social Work and 
Leadership Studies 

1987 Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Religion 

1987 Mark A. Townsend, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences 

1988 William H. Fairlamb, Mus.B., Professor of Music 

1989 Paul L. Wolf, Ph.D., Professor of Biology 

1990 Owen A. Moe Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry 

1991 Scott H. Eggert, D.M. A., Associate Professor of Music 



177 



THE NEVELYN J. KNISLEY 
AWARD FOR INSPIRATIONAL TEACHING 

In 1988, Lebanon Valley College created an award for part-time and adjunct 
members of the college faculty similar to the philosophy of the Lindbach Award. The 
first awardee was Nevelyn J. Knisley. After the presentation of the first award, the 
president of the college named this series of awards for Mrs. Knisley in recognition 
for her twenty-four years of inspired teaching in music. 

Previous Awardees 

1988 Nevelyn J. Knisley, M.F.A., Adjunct Associate Professor of Music 

1989 Carolyn B. Scott, B.A., Adjunct Instructor in French 

1990 Michael J. Asken, Ph.D., Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology 

1991 Joanne Cole Rosen, B.A., Adjunct Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

SEARS-ROEBUCK FOUNDATION 

TEACHING EXCELLENCE AND CAMPUS 

LEADERSHIP AWARD 

In 1989, the Sears-Roebuck Foundation created an award to recognize teaching 
excellence and campus service. The recipient, who must be a full-time member of 
the Lebanon Valley College faculty, is selected by a special committee. 

Previous Awardees 

1990 Diane M. Iglesias, Ph.D., Professor of Spanish 

1991 James W. Scott, Ph.D., Professor of German 



178 



ACCREDITATION 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of 
the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the Pennsylvania Department of 
Education, the National Association of Schools of Music and the American Chemi- 
cal Society. 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents of the State University 
of New York and of the American Association of University Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following: American Association of 
Colleges; National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities; Pennsyl- 
vania Foundation for Independent Colleges; College Entrance Examination Board; 
College Scholarship Service; Council of Independent Colleges; National Collegiate 
Athletic Association; Middle Atlantic States Collegiate Athletic Conference; Penn- 
Mar Athletic Conference; Central Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association; Eastern 
College Athletic Conference. 



179 



Lebanon 

Valley 

College 




ACADEMIC AND 
ADMINISTRATIVE QUADRANGLE 

1. Humanities Center and Administrative Offices: 
Academic Departments: English Department, 
History and American Studies Department, Political 
Science and Economics Department. Administrative 
Offices: Business Office, Controller and Treasurer, 
Continuing Education Office, Media Services, Presi- 
dent, Registrar, Secretary of the College, Security and 
Safety, Telephone Services, Vice President and Dean 
of the College and Vice President for Administration 

2. Blair Music Center: Music Department, Education 
Department, Lutz Recital Hall, and Sound Recording 
Technology Studios 

3. Miller Chapel: Religion and Philosophy Department 
Chaplain, and Student Activities Offices 

4. Lynch Memorial Hall: Intercollegiate Athletics and 
Physical Education, Emmett C. Roop Management 
Department Wing, William H. Lodge Mathematical 
Sciences Center, Computer Services Department 

5. Art Studios 

6. Garber Sciences Center: Biology Department, Chem- 

istry Department, Physics Department, Psychology 
Department 

7. Gossard Library 

8. Carnegie Building: Admissions and FinanicalAid 
Office, Student Affairs Office, and Career Planning 
and Placement Center 

9. Laughlin Hall: Advancement Offices: Alumni Pro- 
grams Office, Annual Giving Office, College Rela- 
tions Office, Development Office, Planned Giving 
Office, Publications Office, Sports Information Office 

10. Wagner House: Sociology and Social Work De- 
partment, Leadership Studies Program and Academic 
Support Center 

11. 112 College Avenue 

12. Foreign Language House (104 College Avenue): 
Foreign Language Department 

13. Fencil Building: Lebanon Valley Child Care and 
Learning Center 



RESIDENTIAL QUADRANGLE 

14. Allan W. Mund College Center: Conference 
Services Office, Dining Halls, LittleTheatre, Snack 
Shop, Student Activities Offices, Student Life 
Programs Office, WLVC 

15. Mary Capp Green Residence Hall 

16. Vickroy Residence Hall 

17. Keister Residence Hall 

18. Hammond Residence Hall 

19. Funkhouser Residence Hall 

20. Silver Residence Hall 

21. North College Residence Hall 

22. Shroyer Health Center 

23. Centre Residence Hall 

ARNOLD SPORTS AND RECREATION 
COMPLEX 

25. Arnold Sports and Recreation Complex 

26. Edward H. Arnold Sports Center: Indoor Track, 
Pool, Recreational Facilities 

27. Henry and Gladys Arnold Football Stadium 
and All-weather Track 

28. Soccer Field 

29. Baseball Field 

30. Field Hockey Field 

31. Tennis Courts 

32. Softball Field 

OTHER FACILITIES 

33. Kreiderheim: President's Residence 

34. West Campus Entrance 

35. South Campus Entrance 

36. Bollinger Plaza 

37. Heating Plant 

38. Annville United Methodist Church 

39. Maintenance Shops/Sterage: (Proposed Arts 
Center) 

40. Maintenance Offices 

PARKING LOTS (41-48) 



180 



INDEX 

Academic dishonesty policy 

undergraduate 18 

graduate 147 

Academic procedures 

undergraduate 7 

graduate 145 

Accounting program 

courses 67 

department 45 

faculty 45 

major 67 

Accreditation 179 

Actuarial science program 

courses 69 

department 47 

faculty 49 

major 69 

Admissions 

undergraduate full-time 4 

undergraduate part-time 5 

continuing education 5 

graduate 144 

Administration 157 

Advanced placement 14 

Allied health science 

cooperative program 28 

American studies program 

courses 70 

department 44 

faculty 44 

major 70 

Art program 

courses 71 

department 33 

faculty 33 

minor 71 

Associate degrees 7 

Attendance policy 13 

Auditing policy 12 

Baccalaureate degrees 7 

Biochemistry program 

courses 72 

major 72 



requirements 72 

Biology program 

courses 73 

department 34 

faculty 34 

major 73 

Botany courses 73 

Calendar 2 

Certificate programs 5 

Challenge examinations 15 

Chemistry program 

courses 76 

department 36 

faculty 36 

major 76 

CLEP 15 

College support staff 176 

Communication program 

courses 86 

department 40 

faculty 41 

major 86 

minor 86 

Computer science program 

courses 79 

department 48 

faculty 49 

major 79 

minor 79 

Concurrent courses 12 

Cooperative programs 28 

Courses, undergraduate 

concurrent 12 

external 13 

repetition of 12 

descriptions 67 

Courses, graduate 149 

Credit for life experience 16 

Criminal justice courses 80 

Degrees 

undergraduate 7 

graduate 149 

Dean's list 18 

Departmental honors 18 



181 



Diploma programs 5 

Economics program 

courses 80 

department 59 

faculty 59 

major 80 

minor 81 

Education program 

courses 83 

department 38 

faculty 40 

major 83 

minor 83 

Elementary education program 

courses 83 

department 38 

faculty 40 

major 83 

minor 84 

Engineering cooperative 

program 29, 85 

English program 

courses 86 

department 40 

faculty 41 

major 86 

minor 86 

Environmental studies 

cooperative program 28, 89 

External summer courses 13 

Faculty 164 

Finances, student 4 

Fine arts courses 89 

Foreign languages program 

courses 90 

department 42 

faculty 43 

major 90 

Foreign study opportunities 21 

Forestry cooperative 

program 29, 90 

French program 

courses 91 



department 42 

faculty 43 

major 91 

minor 91 

General education program 

courses 23, 92 

requirements 23 

General studies program 

major 92 

requirements 92 

Geography courses 93 

German program 

courses 94 

department 42 

faculty 43 

major 94 

minor 94 

Grade point average 16 

Grading system 16 

Graduation honors 18 

Graduation requirements 

undergraduate 8 

graduate 145 

Greek courses 95 

Health care management program 

courses 96, 108 

major 96 

requirements 96 

Health professions 

cooperative programs 28 

History program 

courses 97 

department 44 

faculty 44 

major 97 

minor 97 

Honors 

departmental 18 

graduation 18 

Honors program 

courses 26 

Hotel management program 

courses 101 



182 



department 45 

faculty 45 

major 101 

minor 101 

Independent study 31 

International business program 

major 103 

Internship policy 30 

Japanese courses 103 

Knisley teaching awards 178 

Leadership studies scholar program 

courses 23, 103 

requirements 23 

Limit of hours 10 

Lindback teaching awards 177 

Literature courses 87 

Management program 

courses 104 

department 45 

faculty 45 

major 104 

Map of campus 180 

Mathematical science program 

courses 108 

department 47 

faculty 49 

major 108 

minor 108 

MBA program 

academic policies 145 

admission 144 

concurrent courses 146 

courses 149 

faculty 143 

financial aid 148 

grading system 146 

privacy of student records 148 

refund policy 146 

requirements 145 

review procedure 146 

time restriction policy 147 

transfer policy 145 

withdrawal policy 146 

Medical technology 



cooperative program 29, 111 

Military science program 

courses 1 12 

department 51 

faculty 52 

requirements 1 12 

Mission statement 3 

Music program 

courses 112 

department 52 

faculty 54 

major 1 12 

minor 113 

Music education courses 113 

Non- traditional credit policy 15 

Nuclear medicine technology 

cooperative program 28 

Off-campus programs 

study abroad 21 

Washington semester 22 

Officers, general college 157 

Pass/fail policy 12 

Payment plans 5 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 18 

Philosophy program 

courses 121 

department 63 

faculty 63 

major 121 

minor 121 

Physical education program 

courses 122 

department 57 

faculty 57 

Physics program 

courses 124 

department 57 

faculty 58 

major 123 

Placement examinations 

undergraduate 14 

Political sciences program 

courses 126 

department 59 



183 



faculty 59 

major 126 

minor 126 

Pre-law program 128 

Privacy of student records 8 

Probation, undergraduate 19 

Psychobiology program 

courses 129 

major 128 

Psychology program 

courses 130 

department 60 

faculty 61 

major 130 

minor 130 

Readmission policy 14 

Refund policy 

undergraduate 4 

graduate 146 

Registration, change of policy 1 1 

Religion program 

courses 133 

department 63 

faculty 63 

major 133 

minor 133 

Repetition of courses 

undergraduate 12 

Sears-Roebuck teaching award 178 

Second bachelor's degree 14 

Secondary education program 

courses 135 

department 38 

faculty 40 

major 135 

Servicemember's opportunity 

colleges (SOC) 21 

Sociology program 

courses 138 



department 65 

faculty 65 

major 138 

minor 138 

Social work program 

courses 137 

department 65 

faculty 65 

major 136 

minor 136 

Sound recording technology program 

courses 120 

department 52 

faculty 54 

major 113 

Spanish program 

courses 141 

department 42 

faculty 43 

major 141 

minor 141 

Special topics courses 33 

Study abroad 21 

Suspension policy 

undergraduate 19 

Teacher certification for 

non-matriculated students 21 

Teacher certification for 

matriculated students 83 

Transfer policy 

undergraduate 10 

graduate 145 

Trustees, Board of 153 

Tutorial study courses 33 

Veteran's services 20 

Washington semester 22 

Withdrawal procedure . 

undergraduate 14 

graduate 146 

Zoology courses 75 



184 



Lebanon Valley College Non-profit 

Annville, PA 17003-0501 . Organization 

. , , ~ _, , POSTAGE PAID 

Address Correction Requested Permit No 9 

Annville, PA 17003