(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Lebanon Valley College Catalog"

UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE CATALOG 

1993-1994 




Lebanon Wley College 

of Pennsylvania 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalley199394leba 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Profile of Lebanon Valley College 2 

Mission of Lebanon Valley College 3 

Undergraduate Information 

Admissions 4 

Continuing Education 5 

Undergraduate Academic Regulations and Procedures 7 

Degrees 7 

Graduation Requirements 8 

Non-traditional Credit 13 

Grading System 15 

Undergraduate Academic Programs 19 

General Education 19 

Honors Program 22 

Leadership Studies 23 

Cooperative Programs 25 

Internships 26 

Independent Study 27 

Tutorial Study 29 

Special Topics Courses 29 

Study Abroad 29 

Special Programs 29 

Undergraduate Departments 30 

Undergraduates Degree Requirements and Course Descriptions 60 

Graduate Academic Programs 126 

Directory 134 

Board of Trustees 134 

Administration 137 

Faculty 144 

Support Staff 155 

Awards 156 

Accreditation 157 

Campus Map 158 

1993 - 1994 Academic Calendar 164 



LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

A Liberal Arts Tradition 

Founded in 1866, Lebanon Valley College is a four-year, private liberal arts college which 
is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. The college has over 900 students and a 
faculty-student ratio of one to fourteen. I 

The college is among 142 liberal arts colleges designated as "highly selective" by the 
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Recently, it was listed as one of the 
top 320 national universities and liberal arts colleges in the country by ^'^.5'. News and World 
Report. Additionally, Lebanon Valley College ranks in the top five small colleges (under 
1,000 students) in the country in the number of graduates going on to earn the Ph.D. in life 
science, math and physical science. ' 

Lebanon Valley has long been known for the strength of its academic programs and the 
achievement of its faculty and alumni. The science program is particularly strong, with new 
and exceptionally well-equipped laboratories. The U.S. Office of Technology Assessment 
lists Lebanon Valley on its select list of the 100 most productive colleges and universities 
nationally in science. 

The college's Chemistry Department ranks 16th among the nation's 877 four-year private 
liberal arts college in the number of its graduates who go on to earn a Ph.D. Recent surveys 
rank the Chemistry faculty 10th in research grants and 9th in the number of chemistry 
publications, many co-authored with students. Biology, psychology and psychobiology have 
also received excellent ratings. i 

Few small colleges have received more Fulbright awards. In the past 14 years, nine Lebanon 
Valley students have received Fulbrights. Mathematics majors alone received five during 
that period. 

I 

Other academic strengths include music, education, management and actuarial science. 
Baccalaureate degrees are offered in 33 disciplines and a Master of Business Administration 
degree is offered through the continuing education program. 

For additional information, contact the Admission Office at 1-800-445-6181 or (717) 867- 
6181. 



THE MISSION OF THE COLLEGE 

The Mission of Lebanon Valley College arises directly from its origins as a church related 
college. We emphasize that fact by maintaining affiliation with the United Methodist Church 
and by affirming the Judeo-Christian tradition as the perspective for our policies. 

The best way to understand the mission of Lebanon Valley College is to focus on what it is 
we hope for our students. We want our students: 

• to develop a genuine concern for cooperative living and community service; 

• to attain a heightened sense of moral and spiritual values through a deepened awareness 
of how people have thought of themselves in relation to nature, to society, and to God; 

• to appreciate the close and unmistakable relationship among rational thought, creative 
imagination, and moral commitment; and 

• to deal candidly and intelligently with the past, the present, and the future and their 
interrelationship. 

This assertion of hope for our students possesses three distinctive characteristics. 

(1) While this is not a list of priorities in rank order, neither is it mere coincidence that 
cooperation with and service to others comes first. 

(2) Moral commitment is not affirmed as one of a laundry list of qualities nor does it appear 
as an afterthought. Rather it is inherent or explicit in all the desired outcomes. 

(3) The broad description of our program which these objectives implies identifies 
qualities which we attempt to achieve through both general education and major study, 
but the stress throughout is on interrelationships, not on knowledge in isolation. We 
want our students to be as knowledgeable, as aesthetically sensitive, as skillful as 
possible, but we want more than that for them. 

The motto of the college, taken from the Gospel of John, is "You shall know the truth and the 
truth shall make you free." But our aim is not merely to free our students from ignorance, 
superstition, prejudice, narrowness of vision. It is also to free them for a life of service to 
others. That purpose we affirm in the concept of leadership which gives focus to the ideals 
of education by reiterating the central value of the liberal arts tradition in a democratic 
society: to prepare people to make a difference, to contribute significantly to their various 
communities. 



UNDERGRADUATE INFORMATION 

Admission For Full Time Students 

High School Preparation 

All admission candidates should have completed 16 credit units and graduated from an 

accredited secondary school, or present an equivalency certificate (G.E.D.). Of the 16 units, 

4 should be in English, 2 in foreign language, 2 in mathematics, 1 in science and 1 in social 

studies. 

Application Procedure 

A candidate for admission to Lebanon Valley College must submit a completed application 
form with the required application fee. Scholastic Aptitude or American College Test results 
and an official transcript of high school grades. Students planning to transfer to Lebanon 
Valley must submit official transcripts of completed college or university work. Lebanon 
Valley College does not require the College Board Achievement Test. 

All candidates are encouraged to visit campus for a personal interview. Applicants for 
admission into music, music education or sound recording technology programs are required 
to audition on campus; audition applications are available from the Admission Office. For 
further information contact: 

Admission Office 

Lebanon Valley College 

101 North College Avenue 

Annville, PA 17003-0501 

Phone: (717) 867-6181 or (800) 445-6181 

Student Finances 

Payment for tuition, room, board, and other charges is due by a published deadline prior to 
the beginning of each semester. Students failing to meet this deadline will be required to make 
special arrangements with the Business Office before their course registrations will be 
processed. Questions about student finances should be addressed to the Business Office. 

Refund Policy 

Students withdrawing from a course, or the school, will receive a refund prorated according 

to the following schedule: 

Time Period Refund 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 80% 

During the third week of classes 50% 

After the third week of classes 0% 



Summer School- 

During the first week of classes 100% 

During the second week of classes 50% 

After the second week of classes 0% 

Part-time and continuing education students should consult the refund schedule published 
by the Continuing Education Office. 

No refund is allowed on room charges. 

Refund Policy During First Semester 

A student who is attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time will receive a refund 
according to the federal policy established by the Higher Education Amendments of 1992. 
The pro-rata refund policy applies to new students whose date of withdraw is within the first 
60% of the semester for which the student has been billed. This refund policy allows for a 
refund of tuition, fees, room and board for the portion of the semester for which the student 
has been charged that remains in this period but for which the student will not be enrolled. 
A copy of the federal pro-rata refund policy is on file in the financial aid office. 

Alternative Payment Plan 

Lebanon Valley College offers a payment plan for those families who, after exploring other 
options, prefer to spread payments over a 10-month period. Two agents have been appointed 
to process deferred payment applications: 

Academic Management Services, Inc. IPP/HES Trust 

50 Vision Boulevard c/o Municipal Services Dept. 

P.O. Box 14608 Dauphin Deposit Bank and Trust Co. 

East Providence, RI 029 14-0608 P.O. Box 2937 

Phone: 1-800-556-6684 Harrisburg, PA 17105 

Phone: 1-800^22-0010 

The college has no financial interest in either of these plans and offers them as a convenience 
to students and parents. 

Continuing Education Ojfice 

The Continuing Education Office offers credit programs on four levels: certificate, associate, 
baccalaureate, and diploma. Certificates are starter programs that approximate the beginning 
of a four-year college experience, ideal spring-boards from which to go on for an associate 
or bachelor's degree. Diploma programs are intended for persons who have already been 
awarded a bachelor's degree in one discipline and desire to study another discipline in some 
depth and breadth. 

A second bachelor's degree may be awarded to adult students who already have received a 
bachelor of arts or sciences from the college or another accredited college or university. In 
such cases, students only must complete the major requirements for the second degree or a 




The continuing education program offers a variety of courses on both the Annville 
campus and on the campus of Franklin & Marshall in Lancaster. 

minimum of thirty credits, whichever is greater. 

Courses in the Continuing Education Office are offered on the Annville campus during 
evenings, weekend and summer sessions. Evening programs are also available at the 
Lancaster Center. The Continuing Education Office publishes course schedules for the fall, 
spring and summer sessions. To obtain copies of course schedules or get detailed information 
on all academic programs for adults call 717-867-6213 in Annville or 717-399-4419 in 
Lancaster or write Continuing Education Office, Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA 
17003-0501. 



A candidate for admission to any of Lebanon Valley College's Continuing Education degree 
programs must submit a completed application form with the required application fee. An 
official high school transcript is required if students have less than 24 semester hours of 
transferable college credits. Students planning to transfer to Lebanon Valley must submit 
official transcripts of any completed college or university courses. Official transcripts 
relating to military or business courses also may prove to be useful. Although students may 
begin taking classes before they have been accepted, they must speak with a counselor before 
registering for the courses. To arrange an admission interview with a counselor call 7 1 7-867- 
62 1 3 in Annville or 7 1 7-399^4 1 9 in Lancaster. Decisions on all adult student applications 
usually are made within one month after the last required transcript is received. 



UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC 
REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES 

Attendance at Lebanon Valley College is a privilege, not a right. To provide the necessary 
atmosphere in which teaching and learning can occur, the college expects that the conduct 
of all campus citizens will conform to accepted standards. The college has the right to require 
the withdrawal of any student whose actions are inimical to the purposes of the institution. 
The following academic regulations are announcements and do not constitute a contract 
between the student and the college. The college reserves the right to change these regulations 
and procedures as it deems necessary for the accomplishment of its purposes, but wherever 
possible, a student will proceed to graduation under the regulations in effect at the time of his/ 
her entrance at the college. 

Degrees 

Baccalaureate Degrees 

Lebanon Valley College confers six baccalaureate degrees. Bachelor of Arts for students 
completing requirements in the following major programs: American studies, economics, 
English, foreign language, French, German, history, music, philosophy, political science, 
psychology, religion, sociology, Spanish and certain individualized majors. 

Bachelor of Science for students completing requirements in the following major programs: 
accounting, actuarial science, health care management, biochemistry, biology, chemistry, 
computer information systems, computer science, cooperative engineering, cooperative 
forestry, economics, elementary education, hotel management, international business, 
management, mathematics, music education, physics, psychobiology, and certain individu- 
alized majors. Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology, 
and Bachelor of Music: Emphasis in Sound Recording Technology for students completing 
requirements for the appropriate major program. 

Associate Degrees 

Through the Continuing Education Office students may earn the Associate of Science degree 

in accounting, general studies or management, or the Associate of Arts degree in general 

studies. 

Privacy of Student Records 

In accordance with the Family Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 the college releases no student 
education records without written consent and request of the student, or as prescribed by law. 

A student has the right to inspect his or her educational records maintained by the college. 
It is the student's responsibility to contact the appropriate office of the college to make the 
necessary arrangements. 



The college makes public such directory information as name, address, telephone, date of 
birth, major field of study, degrees and awards received, previous schools attended, 
participation in activities, and athletic information. 

Credit Hours 

A credit hour is the unit to measure academic progress. Each course has a credit designation 
approximately equal to the number of hours to be spent in class each week. A course requiring 
three hours of class attendance each week will carry three credit hours. Credit for laboratories 
is generally awarded at one-half the regular rate. 

Graduation Requirements 

Candidates for a baccalaureate degree shall complete successfully 1 20 credit hours including 
the requirements for the general education program (see page 19), and the requirements for 
majors and minors as appropriate. Credit hours are accumulated in three separate categories: 
general education requirements, major requirements, and electives. 

In addition, candidates shall complete successfully two units of physical education selected 
from a list of approved activities. Students shall not satisfy the physical education 
requirement by taking the same activity unit twice. Students shall have a maximum of one 
physical education unit waived for successful completion of any of the following: one season 
of a varsity sport, one semester of marching band, or one semester of military science. 
Continuing education students are exempt from the physical education requirement. 

Candidates for an associate's degree must accumulate at least 60 credit hours including the 
course work appropriate to their major program. Fifteen of the last eighteen credit hours 
toward the degree must be in residence. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 2.00 and a major 
grade point average of 2.00 

The general education program is that part of the curriculum that is shared by all students in 
all majors. The required courses reflect 54-56 credit hours. 

The major programs each require at least 24 credit hours of course work. 

Electives are those courses selected by the student that reflect neither major nor general 
education requirements. 

Candidates for degrees must also take in residence 30 credit hours of the 36 taken 
immediately prior to graduation. Course work taken in all of the college's programs qualify 
as work done in residence. 



Advising Program 

Each student has a faculty adviser whose role is to counsel about registration procedures, 
course selections, academic requirement, and regulations. The student is required to obtain 
the adviser's counsel and approval before registration, withdrawal, election of pass/fail 
option, and/or change in credit/audit status. 

Arrangement of Schedules 

Each student arranges a semester program of courses in consultation with, and by approval 
of, his or her faculty adviser. Students already in attendance do this during registration 
periods. New students accomplish this on orientation days. 

Limit of Hours 

To be classified as full time, a student must take at least 12 credit hours in a semester. 
Seventeen credit hours is the maximum permitted without approval from the student's 
adviser and permission of the registrar. Audited courses are counted in determining the 
course load, but physical education and music organizations are not. To be permitted to take 
more than 17 credits the student should have a cumulative grade point average of 3.0 or 
higher, or be enrolled in the Honors Program, or be a senior. Students shall pay the prevailing 
tuition rate for each credit hour beyond 17 (not counting physical education and music 
organizations). 

Class Standing 

Students are classified academically at the beginning of each year. Membership in the 
sophomore, junior or senior classes is granted to students who have earned a minimum of 28 , 
56, or 84 credit hours respectively. 

Transfer Credit 

A student applying for advanced standing after having attended another accredited institution 
shall send an official transcript to the dean of admission. If requested, the student must 
provide copies of the appropriate catalogs for the years of attendance at the other institution 
or institutions. 

Credits are accepted for transfer provided the grades are C- ( 1 .67) or better and the work is 
equivalent or similar to work offered at Lebanon Valley College. Grades thus transferred 
count for credit hours only, not for quality points. 

A candidate for admission holding an associate degree from a regionally accredited college 
can be admitted with full acceptance of course work at the previously attended institution. 
Course work in the major field, however, for which the applicant has received a D shall not 
be counted toward fulfilling the major requirement. 

9 



Because Lebanon Valley College is a liberal arts institution, consideration of full acceptance 
of the associate degree will be granted with the understanding that the candidate has followed 
a basic course of study compatible with the curriculum and academic programs of the college 
and has been enrolled in a transfer program. A total of 60 credits will be accepted for an 
associate degree and 57 credits for a diploma program. A maximum of 90 credit hours will 
be accepted toward a baccalaureate degree. 

In most instances the applicant may be expected to complete the baccalaureate degree within 
two years. However, when the requirements of a particular major field or the nature of the 
previous study demand additional work beyond two years, the applicant will normally be 
notified at the time of admission. 

Discontinuance of Courses 

The college reserves the right to withdraw or discontinue any course. 

Registration and Preregistration 

Students are required to register for courses on designated days of each semester. Students 
who register later than the designated times shall be charged a fee. Students desiring to 
register later than one week after the opening of the semester will be admitted only by special 
permission of the registrar. 

On entering Lebanon Valley College students indicate that they are open or that they have 
a particular intended major. Students may make a formal declaration of major during the 
second semester of their freshmen year, and must make a formal declaration by the time they 
have completed 60 credit hours. 

Change of Registration 

Change of registration, including pass/fail elections, changes of course hours credit, changes 
from credit to audit and vice versa, must be approved by signature of the adviser. In most 
instances, registration for a course shall not be permitted after the course has been in session 
for one full week. With the permission of the adviser, a student may withdraw from a course 
at any time through the last day of semester classes (see grading policy). A fee is charged for 
every change of course made at the student's request after Add/Drop Day. 

Auditing Courses 

Students may register to audit courses with the approval of their academic adviser. Audited 
courses are counted in considering the course load relative to the limit of hours. No grade or 
credit is given for an audited course, but the registrar will record the audit on the transcript 
if the student attends regularly. A change of registration from credit to audit or from audit to 
credit must be accomplished by the end of the eighth week of semester classes. 



10 



Pass/Fail 

After attaining sophomore standing (28 credit hours) a student may elect to take up to two 
courses per semester and one per summer session on pass/fail basis; however, only six such 
courses can be counted toward graduation requirements. No courses elected by students to 
be taken pass/fail may be used to meet the requirements of the general education program, 
the major(s), the minor(s), and secondary education certification. A student may select or 
cancel a pass/fail registration any time during the first eight weeks of a semester. Passing with 
honors will be designated by the grade PH indicating that a grade of B+ or higher was earned. 

Repetition of Courses 

A student may repeat as often as desired, for a higher grade, a previously taken course, subject 
to the following provisions: the course must have been taken in courses staffed by the college 
at the Annville campus and/or the Lancaster center or Pennsylvania School of Art & Design 
in Lancaster. Semester hours credit are given only once. The grade received each time taken 
is computed in the semester grade point average. Each semester grade report will show hours 
credit each time passed, but the total hours toward a degree will be equal only to the semester 
hours credit for the course. For a course previously passed P/F, the grade received in the 
subsequent registration for regular grade is the "higher grade." Each grade received remains 
on the permanent record and a notation is made thereon that the course has been repeated. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for a degree at Lebanon Valley College may not carry courses concur- 
rently at any other institution without prior consent of his or her adviser and the registrar. 

External Summer Courses 

A student registered at Lebanon Valley College may not obtain credit for the courses taken 
during the summer in another college, unless such courses have prior approval of his or her 
adviser and the registrar. 

Attendance Policy 

Each student is responsible for knowing and meeting all requirements for each course, 
including regular class attendance. At the opening of each semester the instructors shall 
clearly inform students of class attendance regulations. Violations of those regulations shall 
make the student liable to receive a grade of F in the course. Upon the recommendation of 
the instructor and the approval of the registrar a grade of W will be assigned during the eight 
weeks of the semester, and an F will be assigned after that date. 

Excused absences do not absolve students from the necessity of fulfilling all course 
requirements. 



11 



In-Absentia 

The college treats students in domestic or foreign study programs and in the Washington 
Semester Program as students-in-absentia. Any student who studies for a semester or 
academic year at another institution but with the intent of returning to the college is 
considered a matriculated student. A student desiring in-absentia status should complete the 
form in the registrar's office and secure the approval of the adviser, the registrar and the 
associate dean for international programs. Students will receive information on registration 
and room sign-up after they notify the registrar of their address abroad or in the United States. 

Leave of Absence 

For reasons of health or in other compelling circumstances students may request a voluntary 
leave from the college for one or two semesters. A student desiring such a leave should 
complete the form available from the registrar and secure the approval of the vice president 
of the college and dean of the faculty. Students on leave are regarded as continuing students 
and retain their status for registration or room sign-up. Students on leave will receive 
information on those procedures and will be asked to verify their return. The college reserves 
the right to require a leave of absence for medical reasons at any time it is deemed reasonably 
necessary to protect the student, other students, members of the college community, or the 
interests of the college itself. Before a student returns from a medical leave of absence, a 
clearance interview with one of the counseling psychologists, the dean of students or the vice 
president of the college and dean of the faculty as well as additional documentation may be 
required. 

Withdrawal from College and Readmission 

To withdraw from college a student must complete an official withdrawal form obtained from 
the registrar. Continuing education students must complete an official withdrawal form 
obtained from the director of continuing education. Readmission of a student requires written 
permission from the vice president of the college and dean of the faculty. 

Advanced Placement 

Advanced placement with credit for appropriate courses shall be granted to entering students 
who make scores of 4 or 5 on College Board Advanced Placement examinations. For scores 
of 3, final determination is made by the appropriate department. Advanced placement 
without credit may be granted on the basis of the Achievement Tests of the College Board 
examinations or such other proficiency tests as may be determined by the registrar and by the 
chairperson of the department. 

Second Bachelor' s Degrees 

A person who has earned a bachelor's degree from Lebanon Valley College or another 
accredited college or university may earn a second bachelor's degree by meeting the 

12 



following requirements: 

1 . A minimum of 30 additional undergraduate credits must be completed successfully at 
Lebanon Valley. 

2. All graduation requirements for the major of the second degree must be met satisfactorily. 

3. Course work completed successfully as part of the first degree program may be used to 
satisfy the graduation requirements of the second major. 

4. No course already taken in the first degree program may be repeated in the second degree 
program. 

5. Teacher Certification credits may not be counted toward a second degree. 

6. Graduates from other accredited colleges or universities shall not be required to meet any 
Lebanon Valley general education requirements. 

7. No courses in the second degree program may be met satisfactorily through such non- 
traditional means as challenge examinations, CLEP, or credit for life experience. 

8. No internships may be used to satisfy the 30 credit rule, unless such internship is required 
in the second degree program. 

9. No courses in the second degree program may be taken Pass/Fail. 

Undergraduate Non Traditional Credit 

Lebanon Valley College recognizes the ability of highly motivated students to master 
specific areas of study on their own initiative and provides programs to allow these students 
the opportunity to gain credit. Any matriculated student may earn a maximum of 30 credits 
toward a bachelor's degree or a maximum of 1 5 credits toward an associate's degree through 
non-traditional means (experiential credit, advanced placement, CLEP, challenge exams). 

Challenge Exams Policy 

Only the courses listed in the college curriculum may be challenged for credit. Full-time 
students should request challenge examinations through their academic advisers. Part-time 
students and those students enrolled through the continuing education program should make 
application of challenge exams through the Continuing Education Office. All requests must 
be approved by the registrar and the chairperson of the department in which the course is 
listed. 

Challenge exams are considered to be comprehensive examinations in the subject area and 
are graded Pass/Fail. The grading criteria for passing a challenge exam shall be determined 
by each department. There is a fee for each challenge examination. This fee is for preparation 
and grading of the examination and is charged without regard to the test results. Challenge 
exams may not be taken by students who have received any grade in a course equivalent to 
or more advanced than the course for which the student is requesting credit by examination. 
Challenge exams may not be used for the purpose of acquiring credit for a course previously 
failed. Practicums, internships, seminars, research courses, independent study, and courses 
with required laboratory components are not subject to credit by examination. 



13 



CLEP (College Level Examination Program) Policy 

Credit shall be granted to those students who score well on CLEP examinations that are 
approved by the college. To receive credit, a student must score above the 50th percentile on 
the objective section and above a C, as determined by the appropriate academic department, 
on the essay section. 

A maximum of 6 credits shall be awarded for each examination; of these credits, only 3 may 
be applied to the general education requirements in the appropriate area. Credit shall be 
granted only to students who have matriculated at Lebanon Valley College. Normally, 
requests for CLEP credit must be approved by the registrar before the student has completed 
30 credits. 

Credit for Life Experience Policy ' — ^ 

Lebanon Valley College provides for the awarding of undergraduate academic credit for 
knowledge acquired through non-academic experience in subjects in the college curriculum. 
The experience should have a direct relation to the material taught in a course in the college 
curriculum and should extend over a sufficient period to provide substantive knowledge in 
the relevant area. Matriculated students who believe they qualify for such credit may petition 
the appropriate department through their academic advisers. Students enrolled in the 
Continuing Education program must petition through the Continuing Education Office. This 
petition must: 

(1) detail the relevant experience in question 

(2) provide appropriate supporting evidence 

(3) note the equivalent college course by department and number 

(4) state the number of credit hours sought. 




The college library houses over 160,000 catalog items and can access 2,000 other 
libraries through interlibrary loan. 



14 



The appropriate department will consult with the academic adviser or the Continuing 
Education Office to determine the best means (interview, examination, portfolio, etc.) for 
evaluating the experience. 

Approval of experiential credit for full-time students must be made in writing over the 
signatures of the academic adviser, the appropriate department chairperson, and the dean of 
the college. Approval of experiential credit for students enrolled through the continuing 
education program must be made in writing over the signatures of the director of continuing 
education, the appropriate department chairperson, and the vice president of the college and 
dean of the faculty. 

Experiential credit cannot exceed six credit hours in one academic year and cannot exceed a 
maximum of twelve credit hours in the degree program. 

Grading Systems and Grade Point Averages 

Student work is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), C (satisfactory 
achievement), D (requirements and standards met a minimum level), F (course requirements 
not met). For each credit hour in a course, students receive the following quality points: 



A 


4.00 


A- 


3.67 


B+ 


3.33 


B 


3.00 


B- 


2.67 


C+ 


2.33 



C 


2.00 


C- 


1.67 


D+ 


1.33 


D 


1.00 


D- 


.67 


F 


.00 



F carries no credit or quality points, but grades of F are used in calculating the grade point 
averages. The cumulative grade point average is calculated by dividing the quality points by 
the credit hours completed. 

Candidates for a degree must obtain a cumulative grade point average of 2.00, and a major 
grade point average of 2.00. Only grades in courses taken at Lebanon Valley College, the 
Lebanon Valley College in Cologne Program, and the Washington Semester Program are used 
to determine grade point averages. 

Continuing education degree candidates admitted before July 1, 1989 must meet graduation 
requirements by earning a cumulative grade point average of 1 .75 . All students and continuing 
education candidates admitted after July 1, 1989 must meet graduation requirements of 
earning a grade point average of 2.00. All students must have a 2.00 grade point average in their 
major, any second major, and any minor. 

A student may not take a course that has a prerequisite course he/she has failed. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I, W, WP, and WF are used. I indicates that the 

15 



work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the student for substantial reason 
with the prior consent of the instructor), but otherwise satisfactory. This work must be 
completed within the first eight weeks of the next semester, or the I will be changed to an F. 
Appeals for an extension of time must be presented to the registrar by the first week of the 
next semester. W indicates withdrawal from a course through the eighth week of semester 
classes. In case of withdrawal from a course thereafter through the last day of semester 
classes, the symbol WP is used if the work has been satisfactory and WF if unsatisfactory. 
The grade of WF is calculated as an F in the grade point averages. For physical education a 
grade of either S (satisfactory) or U (unsatisfactory) is recorded. 

Once a grade has been recorded it may not be changed without the approval of the instructor 
and the registrar. Students who feel the grade may be inaccurate should contact the instructor 
at once, but in no case later than the end of the semester following the course in question. 

Academic and Graduation Honors 

The Deans List 

Students achieving a 3 .40 or higher grade point average while carrying at least 1 2 credit hours 

for grade shall be named to the Dean's List at the end of each semester. 

Continuing education students shall be named to the Continuing Education Dean's List by 
meeting the following terms: 

(1) must be matriculated in certificate, degree or teacher certification programs 

(2) must be enrolled for at least 6 credit hours 

(3) must achieve a minimum semester grade point average of 3.40 

Graduation Honors 

After completing a minimum of 60 credit hours of residence work a student may qualify for 
graduation honors. The honors to be conferred are Summa Cum Laude for grade point 
averages of 3.75 -4.0, Magna Cum Laude for grade point averages of 3.60- 3.74, and Cum 
Laude for grade point averages of 3.40 - 3.59. 

Departmental Honors 

All major programs provide the opportunity for departmental honors work during the junior 
and senior years. For specific information, interested students should contact the appropriate 
department chairperson. Generally, departmental honors consist of a reading and/or research 
project producing a thesis or essay. This project is undertaken on a subject of the student's 
own choosing under the supervision of a faculty adviser. Opportunity also exists to do 
creative work. A maximum of 9 hours credit may be earned in departmental honors. 

Phi Alpha Epsilon 

Students graduating with grade point averages of 3.50 or higher are eligible for induction into 

Phi Alpha Epsilon, provided they have earned a minimum of 60 credit hours of residence 

work. 

16 



Academic Dishonesty 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. Academic dishonesty 
shall not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, no action shall be taken beyond failure from the 
course, at the option of the faculty member. A letter of warning shall be sent to the student 

\ by the vice president of the college and dean of the faculty, explaining the policy regarding 

;' further offenses, and the right of appeal. 

For a second offense, failure in the course is mandatory, and the dean shall so inform the 
faculty member(s) involved. Additionally, the vice president of the college and dean of the 
faculty has the authority to take further action, up to and including expulsion from the college. 

For a third offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the college are mandatory. 

The vice president of the college and dean of the faculty has the authority to make a 
determination of whether actions or reasonable suspicions of actions by a student constitute 
academic dishonesty "offenses" as above. 

Information related to academic dishonesty offenses must be passed by the faculty member 
to the vice president of the college and dean of the faculty. The dean shall retain the 
information for at least as long as the student involved is enrolled at the college. Information 
and evidence concerning academic dishonesty are the property of the college. 

All actions against a student for academic dishonesty offenses can be appealed to the vice 
president of the college and dean of the faculty, who will serve as final arbiter. 

Probation and Suspension 

Students can be placed on academic probation, suspended or dismissed if their academic 
standing fails to come up to the grade point average shown in the following table: 



Semester 




Suspension or 


Hours 


Probation 


Dismissal 


1-18 


1.50 




19-36 


1.60 


1.50 cumulative 


37-54 


1.70 




55-72 


1.80 


1.70 cumulative 


73-90 


1.90 




9 1 or more 


2.00 


1.90 cumulative 



A student placed on academic probation is notified of such status by the vice president of the 
college and dean of the faculty and informed of the college regulations governing probation- 
ers. Students on probation are expected to regulate their work and their time in a most 

17 



determined effort to bring their performances up to the required standard. A student on 
probation who desires to begin a new activity or continue in an activity already begun, shall 
submit an appeal to the vice president of the college and dean of the faculty. After consultation 
with the student's major adviser and parents, the vice president of the college and dean of the 
faculty will render a binding decision. 

A student suspended for academic reasons normally is not eligible for reinstatement for one 
semester. A student seeking reinstatement must petition in writing to the vice president of the 
college and dean of the faculty. 

A student twice suspended shall be considered for readmission only after completing 
appropriate academic work at an accredited college. 

Veterans' Services _^ 

Veterans who are eligible to receive educational benefits must report their enrollment to the 
registrar after they register for each semester or summer session. The registrar will then 
submit certification to the Veterans Administration. 

Veterans who are attending Lebanon Valley College for the first time must complete the 
appropriate forms in the registrar's office before certification will be sent to the Veteran 
Administration. 

Veterans with questions about the college or their status with the college should contact the 
registrar. 

Servicemember' s Opportunity Colleges 

Lebanon Valley College has been designated as an institutional member of Servicemember 's 
Opportunity Colleges (SOC), a group of over 400 colleges providing post secondary 
education to members throughout the world. As an SOC member, Lebanon Valley College 
recognizes the unique nature of the military life-style and has committed itself to easing the 
transfer of relevant course credits, providing flexible residency requirements, and crediting 
learning from appropriate military training and experiences. 

Teacher Certification for Non-Matriculated Students 

Lebanon Valley College offers teacher certification to a variety of special students: students 
with degrees from other colleges, or teachers seeking certification in other fields, or Lebanon 
Valley College alumni seeking certification for the first time. All students must present 
official transcripts of college work or their previous teacher certification to the registrar. The 
Education Department, the registrar and the appropriate academic department shall evaluate 
the record and recommend the appropriate course of action. A fee shall be charged for this 
service. 



18 



UNDERGRADUATE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

General Education Program 

Through the General Education Program the college most directly expresses its commitment 
to the ideal of liberal education that underlies its statement of purpose. The program has four 
components: communications, liberal studies, foreign studies and disciplinary perspectives. 
This program seeks to prepare graduates who are broadly competent, skilled in communica- 
tion, capable of analysis and interpretation, tolerant and able to continue to learn in a rapidly 
changing world. 

The General Education Program aims to help students: 

• strengthen their capacities for critical thinking and rational analysis; 

• practice clear and effective communication; 
learn methods essential for study and research; 

• develop breadth through fundamental studies in basic liberal arts disciplines; 

• improve their ability to make informed aesthetic and moral assessments; 

• understand and appreciate cultures and traditions different from their own; 

• integrate different ways of learning and understanding. 

The program consists of coursework in the following four areas: 

Communications. 15 credit hours. 
English composition (2 courses) 
Writing Requirement (3 courses) 
Electronic Information Proficiency 

This component recognizes the central role communication plays in learning and in life. 
Courses teach the principles of clear and effective communication and provide opportunities 
to practice and refine them throughout the student's college career. 

English Composition. Courses teach the elements of English composition and the related 
skills of speaking, reading, listening, word processing, and bibliographic access through 
database searching. 

Requirement: ENG 1 1 1/112 or HON 201. 

Writing Requirement. In addition to English composition, students must complete three 
courses designated Writing Intensive during the sophomore, junior and senior years. Faculty 
teaching these courses will provide coaching in writing and make evaluation of writing 
quality an important factor in the course grade. 

Requirement: Three courses from an approved list. 



19 



Approved: AMS 253; BIO 102, 103, 307, 312 322; CHM 321, 322; ECN 312, 321, 332, 
401, 411; ELM 361, 499; ENG213,221, 222, 225,226,31 1,315,331, 332,334, 
335, 341, 342, 343, 499; FRN 316, 410, 420, 430, 440, 450; GPY 212; GMN 
3 16, 410, 420, 430, 440, 450; HIS 205, 206, 207, 225, 226, 227, 253, 321, 322, 
325, 326; LSP 350; MOT 325, 326, 330, 420, 425, 480, 485; MSC 120, 334, 
341, 342; PHL300, 301-335, 336, 349; PSY 120, 321, 339, 343,443; REL31 1, 
312,322,342;SOC322,324,331,333,362,382;SPA316,410,420,430,440, 
450, 490. 

Electronic Information Proficiency. There is no specific computer course requirement. 
Courses in the General Education Program will build on the base established in English 
composition to include other computer applications and modes of information access and 
retrieval as appropriate. 

Liberal Studies. 27-29 credit hours. 

3 courses in each group with at least 1 course from each area. 
Group I Group II Group III 

History Natural Science Literature and Fine Art 

Social Science Mathematics Religion and Philosophy 

Courses in this component provide breadth by introducing fundamental concepts, methods, 
and content in disciplines essential to a liberal education. 

Requirement: Three courses from each group with at least one from each area. 

Group I 
Area 1 : History. Courses acquaint students with historical methodology and with some of 
the principal developments in European and American history. 

Approved: AMS 1 1 1; HIS 101, 102, 125, 126. 

Area 2: Social Science. Courses establish and explore patterns of human culture and social 
organization including international aspects of the world by examining the relationships 
among individuals and the structures and processes of societies. They draw on the theories 
and methodological approaches used in the social sciences and prepare students to evaluate, 
integrate, and communicate information and issues related to human behavior. 

Approved: ECN 130; HON 202; PSC 1 12, 130; PSY 100; SOC 1 10, 120 

Group II 
Area 3: Natural Science. Courses present findings, concepts, and theories of science, 
develop an understanding of scientific methods of inquiry, engage students directly in the 
practice of science, and prepare them to understand the relationship between science and 
technology. 



20 



Approved: BIO 101, 102, 103, 111,112; CHM 100, 111/113,1 12/1 14; PHY 100, 103, 104, 
111, 112;PSY 120. 

Area 4: Mathematics. Courses introduce pivotal mathematical ideas, abstract mathematical 
constructs, and mathematical applications. They make students aware of the powers and 
limitations of mathematics and emphasize the role of mathematics in our society. 

Approved: MAS 100, 111,1 12, 150, 161, 162, 170, 270. 

Group III 
Area 5: Literature and Fine Art. Courses acquaint students with significant works of artistic 
expression and with their historical and cultural contexts. They help them analyze and 
appreciate works of art, music, and literature and seek both to extend their aesthetic 
experience and enhance the quality of their critical judgment. 

Approved: ART 1 10, 201, 203; ENG 200, 221, 222, 227, 228; FAR 160; FRN 31 1, 312; 
GMN 31 1, 312; HON 204; MCS 100, 120, 200, 342; SPA 31 1, 312. 

Area 6: Religion and Philosophy. Courses introduce major religious or philosophical 
perspectives, the critical study of value judgments, and the understanding that all judgments 
and value systems are grounded in particular world views. Courses encourage students to 
examine their own moral commitments as they develop an awareness of and tolerance for 
other value systems. 

Approved: HON 203; PHL 1 10, 160, 230, 240; REL 1 10, 120, 160. 

Foreign Studies. 9 credit hours. 
2 courses in a foreign language. 
1 course from a list approved for this component. 

This component responds to a contemporary world in which communication, travel, and 
trade increasingly juxtapose different cultures, values, and ideas. Courses help students 
understand, interpret, and appreciate cultural, social, moral, economic, and political systems 
different from their own. 

Foreign Language. By learning another language students gain a perspective essentially 
apart from their native tongue and culture. These courses help students understand that all 
languages solve similar problems of expressing thought, but that each language provides 
special access to a particular human society. 

Requirement: Two courses at the intermediate level. 

Courses: FRN 201/202; GER 201/202; SPA 201/202. 

Exceptions: students may substitute elementary courses (101/102) if they 

21 



1) wish to begin a new language; 

2) had less than two years of the language in high school; 

3) have had no language study for five years. 

Foreign Studies. Courses introduce important aspects of societies in Asia, Africa, the Middle 
East, and the Americas to foster an understanding of cultural, social, political, religious, or 
economic systems outside the European tradition. Courses may compare European societies 
with other societies or address factors that influence culture as long as these other consider- 
ations do not obscure the primary goal of studying essentially different cultures. 

Requirement: Choose one course from an approved list. 

Approved: ENG 390; HIS 173, 175, 177, 271; PSC 140; REL 115, 116; SPA 390,440. 

Disciplinary Perspectives. 3 credit hours. 

1 course from a list approved for this component. 

Certain problems are addressed best from the perspective of more than one discipline. This 
component offers students an opportunity to bring the insights from different disciplines to 
the analysis of a complex issue. Courses incorporate content and approaches from at least 
two disciplines, ask students to draw on their own disciplinary perspectives, and challenge 
them to view issues from various points of view. Junior or senior standing is required. 

Requirement: one course from an approved list. 

Approved: AMS 311; DSP 390; ECN 390; HIS 325, 326, 321, 322, 390; LSP 350; PHL 
349, 334 or REL 342; REL 322; PSY 390. 

A student may petition the vice president of the college and dean of the faculty to substitute 
another course in the curriculum for an approved course in any component of the program. 

Honors Program 

The honors program is designed for superior students who are keenly motivated to expand 
their intellectual horizons, develop their originality and curiosity, and challenge their 
intellectual abilities. 

The program seeks to sharpen critical and analytical thinking, develop verbal and written 
expression, encourage intellectual independence, and foster sensitive and informed investi- 
gation of human values. 

To achieve these goals, the program offers a demanding, stimulating and integrated 
alternative to a portion of the general requirements of the college. 



20 



Entering students and first semester freshmen are selected for the program on the basis of 
interviews and scholastic records. Any student who has a 2.75 grade point average or better 
after the first semester of the freshman year may enter the honors program and take HON 202 
after consultation with the honors director. 

Requirements: Students graduate with college honors if they have completed HON 201 or 
ENG 111-112, HON 202, 203, 204, one honors seminar and one independent study project, 
and have a 3.0 grade point average or better overall. In addition to the honors program and 
major requirements, honors students must complete the general education program of the 
college. 

201. Honors Communication. Writing and speaking clear, grammatical and articulate 
English. Listening and reading well. Searching information sources and applying those 
sources ethically. Analyzing and drawing conclusions. 3 credits. 

202. The Individual and Society. An investigation into the structures of society, their origins, 
and their impact upon human values. Emphasis on the interaction of the individual and the 
socio— cultural environment. Evaluation of the approaches of the various social sciences. 

3 credits. 

203. Human Existence and Transcendence. A close examination of questions and issues 
pertaining to human existence and the ways in which humankind has attempted, religiously 
and philosophically, to rise above the conditions of human existence. This course seeks to 
describe and examine the commonalities and differences between religion and philosophy as 
each discipline addresses itself to existence and transcendence. 3 credits. 

204. Human Creativity. A study of the major forms of literature, music, and plastic art, 
designed to acquaint students with functions, values and aesthetic and cultural contexts of art, 
as well as to enhance their response to art works. 3 credits. 

Honors Seminar. The honors seminar is an intensive study of topics offered for junior and 
senior honors students. The honors students choose the topic for the seminar, help select the 
instructor and assist in the design of the seminar with the instructor. Each participant in the 
honors program shall complete one honors seminar. 

Honors Independent Study . An independent study project, the capstone of the honors 
program, provides the opportunity to carry out an extensive academic study of the student's 
own design. The project, overseen by a faculty member, must be approved by the honors 
director. When acceptable to an academic department such independent study may serve as 
the basis for departmental honors. Upon completion, the project will be presented publicly. 
3 credits. 

Leadership Studies Program 

The Leadership Studies Program provides a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of 

23 



leadership, in both theory and application. This program consists of a five-course sequence 
spread over the four years of undergraduate study. None of these courses may be taken Pass/ 
Fail. 

The Leadership Studies Program is available to all students in the college who wish to 
broaden their understanding of leadership theories and processes and to increase their self- 
awareness in their roles as leaders and followers. 

The Leadership Studies Program seeks to achieve the following outcomes for all participat- 
ing students: 

1 . An understanding of the theories and models of leadership. 

2. Knowledge of how people in diverse social and cultural contexts have assumed 
leadership roles and performed as leaders. 

3. A critical awareness of how ethics and values help determine whether responsible 
leadership or mere manipulation (the irresponsible use of power and authority) will 
occur. 

4. Increased self-awareness and understanding of how a person's behavior affect 
relationships in leader/follower situations. 

5. Awareness and appreciation of the responsibilities and difficulties inherent in 
leadership. 

6. Enhanced potential to assume a role as leader or responsible follower within a 
group, organization or community. 

Faculty: 

Daniel B. McKinley , director of leadership studies. Assistant professor of leadership studies. 

M.A., University of Maryland. M.A.L.S., Wesleyan University. 

Mr. McKinley maintains an interest in small group development , communication skills, and 

career development. 

Leon E. Markowicz, professor of leadership studies. 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

He teaches courses in the Leadership Studies Program. He serves local business as a 

communications consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of the Pennsylvania Writing Project 

and is active in the Lancaster-Lebanon Writing Council. 

Requirements.' ENG 1 12; LSP 350, LSP 400; two electives chosen from (approved courses), 

Courses in Leadership 

350. Advanced Leadership Studies. Significant issues related to leadership provide the basis 
for multidisciplinary studies.. Prerequisite: ENG 111.3 credits. 

400. Leadership Internship. Students select a worksite and study organizational leadership 
at that site. Prerequisite: LSP 350; 2.5 GPA. 3-6 credits. 

24 



Cooperative Programs 

Allied Health Professions 

Lebanon Valley College has established a cooperative program with Thomas Jefferson 
University in Philadelphia, Pa. for students interested in the allied health professions. The 
College of Allied Health Sciences of Thomas Jefferson University offers baccalaureate 
programs in cytotechnology, cytogenetics, diagnostic imaging (radiography/ultrasound), 
nursing, and occupational therapy, and also offers an entry-level master's program in 
physical therapy. 

Students spend two years at Lebanon Valley College taking required courses in the basic 
sciences and other disciplines. During the second year, application is made to Thomas 
Jefferson University. Admission to Thomas Jefferson University is not automatic, and 
depends upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. If accepted, the 
student spends two years (three years for physical therapy) at Thomas Jefferson University 
taking professional and clinical courses. Upon successful completion of the program, the 
student is awarded a baccalaureate degree (or master's, for physical therapy) by Thomas 
Jefferson University. 

Lebanon Valley College also maintains a cooperative program with Hahnemann University 
in Philadelphia for students interested in medical technology ("2+3"). Students spend two 
years at Lebanon Valley and three years at Hahnemann University. The program at 
Hahnemann University combines both classroom/laboratory study and off-campus salaried 
work experience. Admission procedures are similar to those described above. Upon success- 
ful completion of this program, the student is awarded the baccalaureate degree by 
Hahnemann University. 

Engineering 

In the cooperative "3+2" engineering program a student earns a B.S. degree from Lebanon 
Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of engineering from another institution. 
Lebanon Valley has cooperative agreements with Case Western Reserve University, Cleve- 
land, Ohio; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; and Widener University, Chester, Pa. 
Students who pursue this cooperative engineering program take three years of work at 
Lebanon Valley College and then usually take two additional years of work in engineering. 

Forestry and Environmental Studies 

Students completing a three-year program at Lebanon Valley College studying the liberal 
arts and the sciences basic to forestry and environmental sciences may apply for admission 
to the cooperative forestry and environmental studies program with Duke University, School 
of the Environment, Durham, N.C. Upon completion of the first year of the two— year (plus 
one summer) program at Duke University, the student will receive the Bachelor of Science 
degree from Lebanon Valley College. After completion of the program at Duke, the student 
will receive the professional degree of Master of Forestry (M.F.) or Master of Environmental 
Management (M.E.M.) from Duke University. Students may major in biology, economics, 
political science, or mathematics at Lebanon Valley College. 

25 



For specific program requirements in forestry, see page 81. For those in environmental 
studies, see page 80. 

Medical Technology and Nuclear Medicine Technology 

The student spends three years at Lebanon Valley College taking courses to fulfill the 
requirements of the college and of the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory 
Sciences. Before or during the third year of the program, the student applies to a hospital with 
a CAHEA approved school of medical technology where he/she spends the fourth year in 
training. Admission is not automatic and depends upon the academic record, recommenda- 
tions and an interview. Upon satisfactorily completing the clinical year, the student is 
awarded the degree of Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology by Lebanon Valley 
College. The college is affiliated with the following hospitals: Sacred Heart Hospital (in 
Allentown), Harrisburg Hospital, Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrisburg, Jersey Shore 
Medical Center-Fitkin Hospital, Lancaster General Hospital, and Reading Hospital and 
Medical Center. However, the student is not limited to these affiliations and may seek 
acceptance at other approved hospitals. (Refer to the Allied Health Professions section for 
additional programs in medical technology.) 

The college offers a program for students interested in nuclear medicine technology ("3+ 1 "). 
The college is affiliated with the schools of nuclear medicine technology at the University 
of Virginia Medical Center and J.F. Kennedy Medical Center, Edison, NJ. Admission is not 
automatic and depends upon the academic record, recommendations and an interview. 
Application may also be made to other accredited programs. Upon successful completion of 
the program, the student is awarded the baccalaureate degree by Lebanon Valley College. 

Internships 

An internship is a practical and professional work experience that allows students to 
participate in the operations of business, industry, education, government, or not for profit 
organizations. Internships provide students with the opportunity to integrate their classroom 
learning with on the job experience. Students test the practical application of their liberal arts 
learning in a variety of professional, service, and occupational settings. 

For one semester hour of credit, the intern should invest at least 45 clock hours of time in the 
internship. The internship essentially involves a contract between the student, the faculty 
adviser, and the on-site internship supervisor. In addition to the practical on-site experience, 
internships typically require special readings, reports, journals and faculty conferences; 
Students may enroll for three to twelve credit hours of internship in any one semester. A 
maximum of fifteen credit hours in internships may be used towards the graduation 
requirements. All internships have a course number of 400. 

Additionally, elementary education and secondary education majors are required to complete 
successfully a student teaching field experience. Hotel management majors are also required 
to complete successfully three supervised field experiences for a total of 9 credits. There are 
no internships in art, music, or philosophy. 

26 



Here is a summary of departmental internship policies. 





Eligible 




Hours per 


Other 


Discipline 


Students 


Prerequisite 


Semester 


Requirements 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.75 GPA 


Actuarial Science 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 




American Studies 






3-6 




Biochemistry 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.00 GPA 


Biology 


Jr/Sr Major 




1^ 




Chemistry 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.00 GPA 


Computer Science 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 




Economics 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.75 GPA 


English 


Communications 
Majors only 




1-12 




French 






1-12 




German 






1-12 




History 






3-6 




Intl. Business 


Jr/Sr Major 






2.75 GPA 


Leadership Studies 




ENG 112, 
LSP 350 


3-6 


2.50 GPA 


Management 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 


2.75 GPA 


Mathematics 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-12 




Physics 






1-12 




Political Science 




PSC 111, 112 


1-12 




Psychobiology 


Jr/Sr Major 


PSY 100 or 120 


1-12 




Psychology 


Jr/Sr Major 


PSY 100 or 120 


1-12 




Religion 






1-6 




Social Work 




Permission of 
instructor 


3-12 


2.20 GPA and 
40 hr. vol. 


Sociology 




Permission of 
instructor 


3-6 


1 8 credits in 
Sociology 


Sound Recording 




RCT 388 and 48' 


7 4 





Technology 
Spanish 



1-12 



Independent Study 

Independent study provides an opportunity to undertake a program of supervised reading, 
research, or specialized teaching methods, usually on subjects not incorporated in existing 
formal courses. Independent study shall not be used to approximate an existing course for 
a single student or to cover projects more properly described as internships. 



For one semester hour of credit, the independent study student should invest at least 45 clock 
hours of time in reading, research, or report writing. The independent study essentially 
involves a contract between the student and the faculty adviser. 

27 



Students may enroll for one to nine credit hours of independent study in any one semester. 
A maximum of nine credit hours in independent study may be used toward the graduation 
requirements. All independent studies have a course number of 500. The following is a 
summary of departmental independent study policies. 





Eligible 




Hours per 


Discipline 


Students 


Prerequisite 


Semester 


Accounting 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Actuarial Science 






1-3 


American Studies 






1-9 


Biochemistry 




CHM311,312 


2-3 


Biology 






1-9 


Chemistry 






1-9 


Computer Science 






-^-^ 1-9 


Economics 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Education 






1-3 


Elementary Education 






1-3 


English 






1-3 


French 




FRN316 


1-6 


German 






1-6 


History 






1-3 


International Business 


Jr/Sr Major 




1^ 


Leadership Studies 


Jr/Sr Major 


ENG 112 


3-6 


Management 


Jr/Sr Major 




1-6 


Mathematics 






1-6 


Music 
Philosophy 


Jr/Sr Major 


2.50 GPA and a 
contract instructor 
and student 


1-3 
1-3 


Physics 






1-3 


Political Science 






1-3 


Psychobiology 






1-9 


Psychology 




PSY 100 or 120 


1-6 


Religion 






1-3 


Social Work 


Jr/Sr Major 


2.50 GPA and a 
contract between 
instructor and student 


1-3 


Sociology 


Jr/Sr Major 


2.50 GPA and a 
contract instructor 
and student 


1-3 


Sound Recording 


Senior Major 


2.50 GPA and a 


1-3 


Technology 




contract instructor 
and student 





Spanish 



1-6 



28 



There are no independent study courses in art and hotel management. 

Tutorial Study 

Tutorial study provides students with a special opportunity to take an existing formal course 
in the curricula that is not scheduled that semester or summer session. Students desiring a 
tutorial study must have an appropriate member of the faculty agree to supervise the study 
on a one on one basis. 

For one semester hour of credit, the student should invest at least 45 clock hours of time in 
the tutorial study. The tutorial study essentially involves a contract between the student and 
the faculty adviser. The typical tutorial study involves readings, research, report writing, 
faculty conferences, and examinations. All tutorial study courses have the same course 
number as the existing formal catalog course. 

Special Topics Courses 

From time to time, departments may offer Special Topics courses using the following course 
numbers: 290-298, 390-398, 490-498 and 590. Special Topics courses are formal courses 
that are not listed permanently in the curricula and that are offered infrequently. These 
courses examine comparatively narrow subjects that may be topical or special interest. 
Several different topics may be taught in one semester or academic year. A specific course 
title shall be used in each instance and shall be so noted on the student record. 



Study Abroad 

Students have opportunity for study abroad through the college's membership in the 
International Student Exchange Program, which consists of a network of more than 150 
colleges and universities in 24 countries, and through the Lebanon Valley College in Cologne 
Program. Details are available from the associate dean for international programs. The 
college also assists students in locating and gaining admission to other foreign study 
programs; however participation in programs other than the International Student Exchange 
Program may affect the level of financial aid provided. In all cases, the proposed course of 
study must be approved by the appropriate department. See In- Absentia on page 12. 

Washington Semester Program 

Juniors and seniors in any major field, who have at least a 2.5 grade point average and have 
had basic courses in American national government, are eligible to participate in this program 
with approval of their department chairperson. This program is offered in cooperation with 
The American University in Washington, DC. Information is available from the chairperson 
of the Department of Political Science and Economics. See In-Absentia on page 12. 



29 



UNDERGRADUATE DEPARTMENTS 

Department of Art 

The Art Department, through course work and the minor program, provides an opportunity 
for creative expression and a richer understanding of accomplishments in the visual arts. 

No major is offered in art. For the minor and course descriptions, see page 63. 

Faculty: 

Leslie E. Bowen, adjunct instructor of art. 
M.F.A . , Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art. 
She teaches art history, painting and drawing. 

G. Daniel Massad, adjunct instructor of art and literature. Acting chairperson. 

M.F.A., University of Kansas. 

He has achieved national status as a pastel artist. 

R. Gordon Wise, adjunct professor of art. 

Ed.D., University of Missouri. 

Dr. Wise is a Professor of Art at Millersville University and specializes in art education. 

Department of Biology 

The aims of the program for biology majors are: 

( 1 ) to prov ide a thorough understanding of the principles of biology and background in 
disciplines basic to biology; 

(2) to develop skills in the application of the scientific method and in the retrieval and 
communication of technical information; 

(3) to train students for employment at the baccalaureate level and to provide prepara- 
tion for those interested in graduate, professional and medical programs. 

The department offers a major program in biology, and joint majors in biochemistry and 
psychobiology. For the major and course descriptions in biology, see page 65. For those in 
psychobiology, see page 1 14. 

For Cooperative Programs, see page 25. 

Faculty: 

Dale J. Erskine, associate professor of biology. 

Ph.D., University of Oklahoma. 

He teaches animal physiology, introduction to immunology, human biology, and participates 

in general biology. He believes in introducing his students to a wide range of laboratory 

30 



experiences including modem instrumentation and computer-assisted data collection. His 
research interests are in temperature regulation and thermal tolerance, heat energy budgets, 
and computer analysis and simulation of animal-environment interactions. He is also 
director of the Summer Youth Scholars Institute. 

Sidney Pollack, professor of biology. 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

He teaches courses in genetics, microbiology, human biology, and general biology. He is the 

academic adviser for students preparing for the allied health professions. His research 

interests include Paramecium genetics. 

Susan Verhoek, professor of biology. 
Ph.D., Cornell University. 

She teaches plant form and function at the general biology level, and form, interrelationships 
and systematics of non-vascular and vascular plants at the advanced level. Her research is 
on the pollination biology and systematics of members of the Agave family. A past president 
of the Society for Economic Botany, she has a long- standing interest in the interactions of 
plants and humans, and, as author of a field identification book, a continuing interest in plants 
that flower in the spring. 

Stephen E. Williams, professor of biology. 
Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis. 

He teaches molecular biology, plant physiology and the biochemical portions of general 
biology. He is a plant and cell physiologist who, working together with Lebanon Valley 
College students and scientists at other institutions, has made most of the major contributions 
to the understanding of the physiology of carnivorous plants during the past twenty years, 
including the discovery of the mechanism of Venus flytrap closure. He has over five years 
of experience automating laboratory instruments with microcomputers. 

Paul L. Wolf, professor of biology. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

He teaches courses in general biology, comparative vertebrate anatomy, ecology and 

environmental science. His research interests focus on the ecology of wetlands with 

particular emphasis on saltmarshes of Eastern United States and methane production in 

freshwater marshes. He also holds the position of Adjunct Professor of Marine Biology in the 

Graduate College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware. 

Allan F. Wolfe, professor of biology. 

Ph.D., University of Vermont. 

He teaches comparative histology, developmental biology, invertebrate zoology, electron 

microscopy, general biology, and parasitology, and directs independent study in cell biology 

using electron microscopic and histological techniques. His current research utilizes the brine 

shrimp, Artemia , to study the cell and tissue levels of organization of the digestive, 

reproductive, and neurosensory systems. 



31 



Anna F. Tilberg, lecturer in biology. 

B.A., University of Pennsylvania. 

She is on the staff of the Milton Hershey Medical Center and teaches human biology. 

Department of Chemistry 

Chemistry is the "central science" that provides the fundamental understanding needed for 
protecting our environment, maximizing the yield from limited natural resources, improving 
our health, and creating new materials for tomorrow's products. Indeed, chemistry is 
essential to understanding life itself. 

Career opportunities in chemistry are numerous and diverse. Many students enter industrial 
or governmental laboratories where they find positions in environmental analysis, quality 
control, or research and development. Possibilities outside of the laboratory include teaching, 
sales, marketing, technical writing, business, and law. Many chemistry students continue 
their education in graduate school in chemistry or biochemistry, or in professional schools 
in the areas of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine. 

At Lebanon Valley College the Department of Chemistry is located on the upper two floors 
of the Garber Science Center. Major scientific equipment available to students includes two 
nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometers, a liquid scintillation counter, a fourier transform 
infrared spectrometer, a high performance liquid chromatographic system, a diode-array 
UV-visible spectrophotometer, a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer, and an atomic 
absorption spectrophotometer. Computers available to students in the department include 
Macintosh and IBM-compatible machines. 

The department encourages students to discover the excitement and challenge of laboratory 
research. Research programs are conducted during both the academic year and the summer. 
Students are paid for summer research either from college funds or from grants that 
professors receive to support their projects. 

Two degrees are available to those interested in chemistry, and one for those interested in 
biochemistry. The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry is the more demanding of the two 
degrees in chemistry, and is recognized by the American Chemical Society. This degree has 
a required research component and is recommended for students who wish to become 
practicing chemists or enroll in graduate school. Other students opt for the standard Bachelor 
of Science, majoring in chemistry. 

For the major programs and course descriptions in chemistry, see page 68. 

The major in biochemistry is offered jointly with the Biology Department. For the major 
program and course descriptions in biochemistry, see page 64. 



32 



Professors and students work 

with the latest state-of-the-art 

scientific equipment. 




Faculty: 

Richard D. Cornelius, professor of chemistry. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of Iowa; postdoctoral research, University of Wisconsin. 

Inorganic Chemistry. Professor Cornelius works at the border of inorganic chemistry and 

biochemistry. He has interests both in the fundamental mechanisms of phosphoryl transfer 

reactions and in the development of platinum compounds that hold promise for anti-cancer 

activity. He and his students synthesize new compounds containing phosphates and study the 

rates of reactions of these compounds. He also has earned a national reputation for his work 

with computers in chemical education. 

Donald B. Dahlberg, professor of chemistry. 

Ph.D., Cornell University; postdoctoral work. University of Toronto. 
Physical chemistry and chemometrics. Dr. Dahlberg does research in the application of 
multivariate statistics to chemical problems. He is also an industrial consultant in this area. 
He is presently studying the use of chemometrics and Fourier transform infrared spectros- 
copy in the analysis of edible oils. Food manufacturers must perform dozens of expensive and 
time-consuming analyses to guarantee the quality of their products. Through the use of 
modem chemical instrumentation and sophisticated mathematical techniques, it may be 
possible to replace these tests with just one. 

Owen A. Moe Jr., professor of chemistry. 

Ph.D., Purdue University; postdoctoral study, Cornell University. 

Biochemistry. Professor Moe is interested in applying the array of new techniques in 

biotechnology to practical problems. He is currently working on the use of immobilized 

enzymes for the synthesis of bio-organic compounds. Processes that he is developing are 

33 



designed to use stable, inexpensive polyphosphates for the regeneration of ATP. ATP 
regeneration is a required, but currently an expensive, step in the use of enzyme reactors for 
organic synthesis. 

H. Anthony Neidig. professor and chairperson emeritus. 
Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

Recipient of the Chemical Manufacturers' Association College Chemistry Teacher Award 
in 1970 and the E. Emmet Reid Award for excellence in teaching in a small college in 1978. 
Professor Neidig 's pursuits include the development and publication of laboratory experi- 
ments for introductory chemistry. 

Carl T. Wigal, assistant professor of chemistry. 

Ph.D., Miami University, Ohio. 

Organic Chemistry. Professor Wigal 's research is aimed at developing new strategies for 

synthesizing natural products. Of particular interest to Dr. Wigal are the synthetic and 

mechanistic aspects of addition reactions to 1,4-quinones. He also is actively developing 

microscale experiments for organic chemistry. 

Department of Education 

The Department of Education prepares students for both elementary and secondary teaching. 

The Education Department is committed to preparing elementary education majors who have 
a thorough grounding in the disciplines they will teach within the context of a strong liberal 
arts foundation. The program includes intensive training in the content and methodologies 
of all elementary school subjects. 

The field-centered component in the program provides extensive and carefully sequenced 
opportunities to work with teachers and children in a variety of school settings during all four 
years of preparation for teaching. The Education Department has established strong relation- 
ships with the local public schools and has entered into an educational partnership with The 
Children's School, a local private elementary school. Majors spend an average of two hours 
per week each semester in various public school classrooms, observing teachers and children, 
aiding, tutoring, providing small-group and whole-class instruction, and completing tasks 
on increasingly challenging levels of involvement. Seniors spend the fall semester in full- 
time student teaching with cooperating teachers who have been carefully chosen for that role. 
Additional opportunities are provided for our students to work in nursery schools, child care 
centers. Head Start programs, middle schools, and in classes for exceptional children. 

Students pursuing secondary teacher certification are prepared for teaching by completing an 
intensive program in the departmental major(s) of their choice in conjunction with a carefully 
sequenced professional education component within the Education Department. Both the 
major program and the professional education component are completed within the context 
of a strong foundation in the liberal arts. 



34 



Departmental majors may seek certification in biology, chemistry, English, French, German, 
Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies. 

Opportunities are provided candidates to observe and to teach in junior high and high school 
settings prior to the full-time student teaching semester. Cooperating teachers are selected 
through a process involving college faculty, public school personnel, and the student 
teachers, thus assuring the most beneficial placements possible. 

Dual certification, at both the elementary and secondary levels, or in more than one secondary 
area, is possible; however, such certification requires meticulous attention to scheduling and 
often requires additional semesters. 

Post-baccalaureate certification is also available for those who wish to become elementary 
or secondary school teachers or for those already certified who want to add elementary or 
secondary education to an existing certificate. 

The Education Department is intent on preparing well-rounded and qualified graduates who 
will exercise genuinely professional and personal leadership roles in the schools and 
communities where they will work. 

The major and course descriptions in elementary education are on page 75. The program and 
course descriptions in secondary education are on page 1 19. The descriptions of courses in 
education are on page 74. 

Faculty: 

Susan L. Atkinson, associate professor of education. 

Ed.D., Temple University. 

She teaches method courses in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts, plus 

courses in the foundations of education and physical geography. She supervises student 



Student teaching and tutoring 

programs are an integral 

component of the 

education major. 




35 



teachers. Her research interests are in the area of matching student/teacher learning styles to 
increase academic achievement. Her areas of interest include multidisciplined curricula, 
classroom management and early childhood education. She is the adviser for the college's 
professional teaching organization, which includes secondary, elementary, and music 
education majors. , 

Joseph H. Clapper, assistant professor of education. 
Ed.D., The Pennsylvania State University. 

He teaches courses in educational foundations and elementary education methods courses in 
mathematics, social studies and the language arts. He also teaches courses in secondary 
school curricula, classroom management and teaching methodologies. He coordinates field 
practica in the public schools and assists in supervising student teachers. His research 
interests include curriculum and instruction, educational psychology and supervisory factors 
involved in the supervision of student teachers. _^ 

Michael A. Grella, professor of education. Chairperson. 
Ed.D., West Virginia University. 

He teaches courses in children's literature, reading, early childhood education, and excep- 
tional children. He coordinates reading-related practica in the public schools and supervises 
student teachers. He serves as the department' s chief liaison with public school personnel and 
with the Pennsylvania Department of Education. He maintains a special interest in the 
acquisition of literacy at the primary grade levels and in learning disabilities. 

Dale E. Summers, assistant professor of education. 

Ed.D., Ball State University. 

He teaches courses in educational foundations, world cultural geography, American cultural 

geography, secondary school curricula and methodologies, and adolescent development. He 

serves as supervisor of student teachers and helps to monitor pre-student teaching field 

experiences. He maintains a particular interest in special education for the emotionally 

disturbed at both the elementary and secondary level. 

Department of English 

The major in English introduces students to the humanistic study of language. While English 
majors may choose to concentrate in literature, communications or secondary education, the 
basis for all concentrations is the systematic and analytic study of literature. All majors also 
learn clear, concise, and coherent expression as well as effective collection, organization, and 
presentation of material. Such study prepares the student for more advanced work in many 
fields. Graduates of the Department of English are prepared to work in journalism, teaching, 
editing, public relations, publishing, advertising, government, industry, the ministry, and 
law. 

The English Department offers a major program with concentrations in literature, commu- 
nications, and secondary education, as well as minors in both literature and communications. 
For program and course descriptions, see page 77. 

36 



Resource materials are easily 

accessed through a computerized 

library database. 




Faculty: 

Philip Billings, professor of English. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., Michigan State University. 

He teaches courses in contemporary literature as well as creative writing. His publications 

include poems in various magazines and two books of poems based on people living in the 

region. 

Phylis Dryden, assistant professor of English. 

D.A., State University of New York at Albany. 

She is a specialist in composition theory, linguistics, and American Studies and has 

experience in journalism and industry. She publishes poetry, fiction, and non-fiction and has 

recently studied in an NEH Summer Seminar at Boston College. She also directs the 

department internship program. 



Arthur L. Ford, professor of English. 
Ph.D., Bowling Green State University. 

He has published books on several American authors, including Thoreau and Creeley, and 
articles on composition theory and the computer in composition. Recent Fulbright lecture- 
ships in Syria and China have resulted in several research projects. 

John Kearney, professor of English. 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin. 

He is a nineteenth century British literature scholar currently working on a book on Dickens. 

He also teaches technical writing. 

37 



Gary Grieve-Carlson, assistant professor of English. 

Ph.D., Boston University. 

He has taught at the University of Tennessee and Virginia Technical University and was a 

Fulbright Junior Lecturer in Germany. He has published several articles on his field of 

American literature. 

Anne R. Higginbottom, assistant professor of English. 

M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton. 

In her doctoral dissertation on play in modem women's fiction and in her courses, she is 

interested in new voices in literature. She has also served as adviser to the Black Culture Club. 

Marie Bongiovanni, assistant professor of English. 

M.B.A., Drexel University. 

Experienced in journalism and business, she teaches management communications, editing 

and journalism. She recently completed a summer writing program at Bennington College 

and is presently studying for her masters in literature at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Agnes O'Donnell, professor emerita of English. 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

Glenn Woods, associate professor emeritus of English. 
M.Ed., Temple University. 

Kevin Pry, adjunct assistant professor of English. 

Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University. 

Dramaturge for local theater companies; he teaches Dramatic Literature, Theater Workshop, 

and World Literature. 

Department of Foreign Languages 

The study of a foreign language has three aims: to develop fluency in the basic communica- 
tion skills, to provide an understanding of the cultural heritage of the people who use the 
language, and to understand language as the fundamental medium by which humankind 
thinks and interacts. 

The Department of Foreign Languages prepares the language major for a career in a variety 
of fields: teaching, diplomatic and government service, foreign trade, business and social 
service. For many of these careers the study of a foreign language is often combined with 
majors in other disciplines. 

The department encourages students to avail themselves of the college's opportunities for 
foreign travel and study, including the International Student Exchange Program and the 
program in Cologne, Germany. 

The Department of Foreign Languages offers majors in French, German, and Spanish, and 

38 




Students work with faculty members to set up internships in their particular fields. 




in Foreign Language, as well as minors in the three languages. In addition, coursework, but 
no major or minor, is offered in Greek and Japanese. The department also offers the major 
in International Business jointly with the Management Department. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in French are on page 8 1 . Those in German are on 
page 84. Those in Spanish are on page 124. The major in Foreign Languages and the 
descriptions of general courses in foreign language are on page 81. The course descriptions 
in Greek are on page 85. The course descriptions in Japanese are on page 91. The major in 
International Business is on page 91. 

Faculty: 

Diane M. Iglesias, professor of Spanish. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., City University of New York. 

She teaches courses in Spanish language, and in Spanish and Latin American culture, 
civilization and literature. She has presented research papers in medieval balladry and the 
theater of the Spanish Golden Age at scholarly conferences. Her current research is in the area 
of the modem Latin American novel. She is particularly interested in the concept of "magical 
realism" as it applies to the works of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. 

James W. Scott, professor of German. 
Ph.D., Princeton University. 

He teaches German and courses in the culture, civilization and literature of German-speaking 
countries. His most recent scholarly presentations have ranged from Kafka's short fiction to 
cabaret in the GDR and communicative testing. At present he is preparing a new translation 
of Iwei I, an Arthurian epic by Hartmann von Aue. He chairs a state selection committee for 
the Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange Program and serves the profession as a member 
of the Executive Council of the American Association of Teachers of German. He has just 



39 



returned from a semester as academic director of the semester in Cologne program the college 
sponsors in consortium with Allegheny College and Gettysburg College. 

Joelle L. Stopkie, associate professor of French. 

Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College. 

She teaches courses in language, culture and literature and is the college facilitator for the 

internship program with Elf-Aquitaine. She is currently interested in methodology and 

Francophone studies. 

Andres Zamora, assistant professor of Spanish. 

M.A., University of Southern California, Los Angeles. 

He teaches a wide array of subjects from basic language to literature, art and culture of the 

Hispanic world. He has worked on Medieval literature, the Golden Age Comedia, Cervantes 

and the Modem Latin American Novel. He is currently studying the poetics of the Spanish 

Novel in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 

Leonie Lang-Hambourg, adjunct instructor of German. 

M.A., University of Oregon 

Experienced as an interpreter and translator, she teaches beginning and intermediate German 

and courses in advanced German grammar and style. She also teaches conversation and 

composition, translation and business German. 

Department of History and American Studies 

By examining human behavior in the past, the study of history can help people better 
understand themselves and others. Students of history also learn how to gather and analyze 
information and present their conclusions in clear, concise language. 




Internships at area historic sites 

provide "real world" 

experience. 



40 



An undergraduate degree in history or American studies can lead to a career in teaching at 
the college or high school level, law, government, politics, the ministry, museum or library 
work, journalism crediting, historical societies and archives, private foundations, business, 
or a number of other professions. 

For the major, minor, and courses in history, see page 86. For those in American studies, see 
page 62. 

Faculty: 

Howard L. Applegate, associate professor of history and American studies. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., Syracuse University. 

He teaches American business history and American social and cultural history. His current 

research interest is the American automotive industry. 

James H. Broussard, professor of history. 

Ph.D., Duke University. 

He teaches American history and historiography. His research and publications concentrate 

on the Jefferson-Jackson era, the South, and American politics. He is also executive director 

of the Society for Historians of the Early American Republic. 

Donald E. Byrne Jr., professor of history and religion and director of American Studies 

Program. 

Ph.D., Duke University. 

His teaching centers on the history of Christianity and religion in America. His scholarship 

has focused on American folk religion; other interests include religion and literature, peace 

studies, and mysticism. 

Richard A. Joyce, associate professor of history. 

M.A., San Francisco State College. 

He teaches modem European history. He is particularly interested in social and intellectual 

history. 



Department of Management 

The Department of Management offers programs leading to the bachelor of science degree 
in accounting, hotel management, management, and international business (jointly with 
Foreign Languages Department). The department also offers minors in accounting, hotel 
management, and management. 

The department's programs are designed to provide students with a sound, integrated 
knowledge of accounting and management principles, and related courses from supporting 
disciplines. The Department's programs are enhanced by the liberal arts and leadership 
studies core required of all students, and by the extensive application of computers in relevant 
courses. This interdisciplinary knowledge base is essential for assuming leadership and 

41 



management positions in the changing world of the 1990s and beyond. 

Management students are provided with a common body of knowledge in close conformity 
with the national standards for the study of business administration as recommended by the 
American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. As a result, our graduates are well 
prepared for admittance to M.B.A. programs. 

Opportunities are available for qualified and interested students to undertake an independent 
study project or an internship in consultation with a member of the department faculty. 

The major and course descriptions in accounting are on page 60; those in hotel management 
are on page 89; those in international business are on page 91 ; and those in management are 
on page 92. 

Faculty: 

Donald C. Boone, assistant professor of hotel management. 

M.B.A., Michigan State University. 

He has 18 years of hotel industry experience and has taught several years in Hotel 

Management programs. Mr. Boone serves as Coordinator of the Hotel Management Program 

and teaches Hotel Management, Management and Accounting. Mr. Boone has received the 

designation of CHA. 

Sharon F. Clark, associate professor of management. Chairperson. 

J.D., University of Richmond. 

She has several years experience in private law practice and several years as a supervisory 

tax attorney with the Internal Revenue Service. Dr. Clark teaches corporate income tax and 

a variety of management courses including Human Resource Management, Business Law, 

Labor-Management Relations, Hotel Law, and Contemporary Issues in Management. 

Robert W. Leonard, assistant professor of management. 
M.B.A., The Ohio State University. 

M.A., St. Francis Graduate School of Industrial Relations 

Mr. Leonard teaches Managerial Finance, Principles of Management, Management Infor- 
mation Systems, Productions Operations Management, Organizational Behavior and 
Development, Labor-Management Relations, and Computer Applications. Mr. Leonard is 
also director of Lebanon Valley's Supervisory Management Institute. 

Barney T. Raffield III, associate professor of management. 
Ph.D., Union Graduate School. 

Dr. Raffield teaches courses in Marketing, Business Policy, Advertising, Consumer Behav- 
ior, and International Business Management. He has just completed co-authoring a textbook 
on Marketing Management. 



42 



Gail Sanderson, assistant professor of management. 
M.B.A., Boston University. 

A C.P.A., Ms. Sanderson has professional experience in accounting (public and private 
sectors); income tax; computer systems analysis and design. Ms. Sanderson teaches Finan- 
cial and Managerial Accounting, Cost Accounting, Individual Income Tax, Intermediate 
Accounting, Management Information Systems, and Advanced Accounting. 

Barbara S. Wirth, assistant professor of accounting. 

M.B.A., Lehigh University. 

Ms. Wirth has worked in the public sector as a CPA for six years. Ms. Wirth teaches Auditing, 

Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting, Principles of Accounting, and Managerial 

Accounting. 

Robert W. Biddle Jr., adjunct assistant professor of hotel management. 

Ed.M., Pennsylvania State University. 

Mr. Biddle is Culinary Arts Instructor at Milton Hershey School. 

Jay H. Feaster, adjunct instructor in management. 
J.D., Georgetown University Law Center. 
Mr. Feaster teaches Business Law. 

Charlotte Folmer, adjunct instructor of accounting. 

B.S., Susquehanna University. 

Ms. Folmer teaches Financial Accounting and is a CPA. 

Ordelia W. Jennings, adjunct assistant professor of accounting. 

M.B.A., Rutgers University 

Ms. Jennings has worked in the public sector as a CPA and has several years of industry 

experience with a Fortune 500 corporation. Ms. Jennings teaches Financial and Managerial 

Accounting, Intermediate Accounting, Individual Income Tax, and Corporate Income Tax. 

Michael C. Zeigler, adjunct instructor in management. 

B.S., The Pennsylvania State University. 

Mr. Zeigler is Director of User Services at Lebanon Valley College and teaches Computer 

Applications in Business. 

Department of Mathematical Sciences 

The Lebanon Valley College Department of Mathematical Sciences has long offered a 
rigorous mathematics program within the context of a liberal arts education. Today an 
increasing national need for mathematically prepared individuals has made our program 
even more attractive. Computer scientists, secondary school mathematics and computer 
science teachers, college professors in mathematical sciences, actuaries, operations research 
analysts, and statisticians are in high and continuing demand. In addition, the mental 
discipline and problem solving abilities developed in the study of mathematics have long 

43 



been recognized as excellent preparation for numerous and varied areas of work or study. 

The department offers majors in actuarial science, computer science, applied computer 
science, and in mathematics, and minors in computer science and in mathematics. 

Five students from this department have earned Fulbright Scholarships in recent years for 
graduate study abroad. Departmental graduates have earned Ph.D.s in physics, statistics and 
computer science as well as mathematics. Other graduates have completed law school. Many 
graduates are Fellows of the Society of Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society. 
Regularly, nearly one-sixth of the Lebanon Valley students named to the Who's Who in 
American Colleges and Universities will be students from this department. 

Actuarial Science 

An actuary is a business professional who uses mathematical training to define, analyze and 
solve financial and social problems. Actuaries are employed by insurance companies, 
consulting firms, large corporations, and the federal and state governments. The Society of 
Actuaries and the Casualty Actuarial Society establish and monitor the professional quali- 
fications of actuaries through a series of rigorous examinations. 

The Actuarial Science program at Lebanon Valley College was established in the mid 1960s 
and is coordinated by Professor Hearsey, an Associate of the Society of Actuaries. Lebanon 
Valley College has nearly 100 alumni working in the actuarial profession. The coursework 
is selected to provide a foundation in mathematics, accounting and economics and to prepare 
students for courses 100-150 of the Society of Actuaries syllabus and parts 1^ of the 
Casualty Actuarial Society syllabus. A student may prepare for additional examinations 
through independent study. Lebanon Valley College is the only small undergraduate liberal 
arts college in North American with such an extensive actuarial science major. Lebanon 
Valley has had nearly 100% placement of actuarial science graduates, with graduates 
employed by over 50 organizations. 

Computer Science 

In new facilities and with a wide range of available computer equipment, the department 

offers a flexible program in computer science. Two distinct majors offer opportunities and 

challenges for the theoretically minded, and for those whose interests are directed towards 

applications. 

The program in computer science was recently revised and all courses were modified to 
reflect the latest changes in the field, both in hardware and in software. The result is a compact 
sequence of courses of introductory material and in specialized advanced topics that allow 
immediate adaptation of the state of the art, and to the interests of the students. Particular 
attention is given to graphics and its application to fractals. 

Separate computer laboratories in the department and in the computer center allow the 
students liberal access to a large variety of microcomputers and to a DEC VAX system. An 
expanding network facilitates the use of major operating systems and allows experimentation 

44 



with some of the latest computer communication devices. 

Mathematics 

The increasing role of technology in modem society and the broadening scope of the 
scientific paradigm have generated a growing need for mathematicians in business, industry 
and government. Also, the national goal of improving the mathematical competence of high 
school graduates has created a demand for teachers and professors in mathematics that will 
not subside for many years. A bright and rewarding future awaits anyone who chooses 
mathematics as his or her profession. 

The department continues its reputation of preparing its students for a variety of mathematical 
specialties by maintaining high standards of performance. A full roster of traditional courses, 
seminars, and independent study prepares our students for a career or graduate study. 

A group of core courses sets the foundations of mathematical knowledge and gives the 
student time to discover the direction of his or her interest. Advanced courses prepare the 
student for graduate study, the teaching profession, and a variety of careers in statistics, 
operations research, and research and development in industry and business. 

Close cooperation with other departments allows the student also to have a major or minor 
in another field to enhance the opportunities after graduation. 

The major and courses in actuarial science are on page 61. Those in computer science and 
applied computer science are on page 70. Those in mathematics are on page 95. 

Faculty: 

Michael D. Fry, associate professor of mathematical sciences. 
Ph.D., University of Illinois. 

Dr. Fry is president of the Susquehanna Valley Chapter of the Association for Computing 
Machinery, and is a member of the Executive Board of the Eastern Pennsylvania and 
Delaware Section of the Mathematical Association of America. His interests include 
geometry of fractals, mathematical computing, analysis of algorithms, graphics, and pro- 
gramming from machine language up. He teaches courses at all levels in computer science, 
statistics, upper level geometry and algebra, and other mathematics courses. 

Bryan V. Hearsey, professor of mathematical sciences. Coordinator, Actuarial Science 

Program. 

Ph.D., Washington State University. 

Dr. Hearsey is an Associate of the Society of Actuaries, and serves on two Society of 

Actuaries National Committees. He is a member of the Mathematical Association of 

America's Annual Junior High School Exam Committee. He teaches upper level actuarial 

science courses and a broad range of mathematics courses. 



45 




A student-faculty ratio of 14 to I 

ensures individualized instruction 

and advisement. 



Thomas Jyh-cheng Liu, assistant professor of mathematical sciences. 

Ph.D., University of Illinois. 

Dr. Liu has earned an M.S. each in Computer Science and Engineering. He is a muhidiscipHne 

researcher and teacher. He is interested in computer architecture, artificial intelligence, 

computer applications in natural science and applied mathematics. He teaches a broad range 

of computer science courses and applied mathematics courses. 

Joerg W. P. Mayer, professor of mathematical sciences. 

Ph.D., University of G lessen. 

Dr. Mayer has extensive experience in undergraduate and graduate teaching, and in 

government and industrial consulting. His publications range from mathematical research to 

educational philosophy, including numerous reviews in mathematical and computer 

sciences, and textbooks on algebraic topology and computer assembly language. His 

teaching interests lie in advanced mathematics and basic computer science. 

Horace W. Tousley, associate professor of mathematical sciences. Chairperson. 
M.S.I.E. (OR), University of Alabama. 

Mr. Tousley is a career military logistician and operations research practitioner. He is 
interested in mathematical modeling, quantitative methods, and applications. He teaches 
operations research, selected upper division courses, and a broad range of other courses. 

Mark A. Townsend, associate professor of mathematical sciences. 

Ed.D., Oklahoma State University. 

Dr. Townsend is most interested in numerical analysis, applied mathematics, teacher 

education, and innovative methods for teaching mathematics to college students. He is a past 

recipient of LVC's Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching. He teaches a wide range of 

46 



mathematics courses, from freshman level courses for humanities and business majors to 
upper level courses for math majors. 

Timothy M. Dewald, adjunct lecturer in mathematical sciences. 

M.Div., Andover Newton Theological School. 

Rev. Dewald is interested in the history of mathematics and enjoys teaching students with 

"math anxiety". He teaches algebra and trigonometry, the pre-calculus course, MAS 100, 

Concepts of Mathematics, as well as the beginning and intermediate MS-DOS seminars for 

industry and the community. 

John F. Nau, Jr., adjunct assistant professor of mathematical sciences. 

M.S., Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute. 

Interested in mathematical modeling in teaching systems management. Teaching specialty 

is applied mathematics. 

Military Science Program 

The Military Science Program adds another dimension to a Lebanon Valley College liberal 
arts education by offering courses that develop a student's ability to organize, motivate, and 
lead others. 

Participation in military science courses during the freshman and sophomore years results in 
no military obligation. Courses during these years orient students on the various roles of 
Army officers. Specifically, these courses stress self-development: written and oral commu- 
nication skills, leadership, bearing, and self-confidence. 

Individuals who elect to continue in the program during the junior and senior years shall 
receive a commission as a second lieutenant in the United States Army upon graduation. They 
shall be required to serve three months to four years in the active Army, depending upon the 
type of commission. 

Options are available for those individuals who encounter scheduling conflicts or who desire 
to begin participation after their freshman year. Contact the Professor of Military Science, 
Dickinson College, 717-245-1221, for further information. 

Program participants may take part in various enrichment activities during the academic 
year: rappelling, rifle qualification, cross-country skiing, white-water rafting, leadership 
exercises, land navigation, orientation trips, and formal social functions. Program partici- 
pants may also apply for special training courses during the summer: airborne, air assault, and 
northern warfare schools. 

Financial Assistance: Books and equipment for military science courses and the ROTC 
program are provided free of charge to all cadets. All juniors and seniors in the ROTC 
program (Advanced Course) and scholarship cadets are paid a tax-free subsistence allow- 
ance of $100 per month and receive certain other benefits. 

J. 47 



Scholarships: Army ROTC scholarships based on merit are available. Recipients receive 
80% tuition (Lebanon Valley College will provide a 20% supplement to the 80% tuition for 
qualified applicants), academic fees, a semester allowance for books and supplies, and a $ 1 00 
per month subsistence allowance. Cadets and other Lebanon Valley students may compete 
for three-year (starts in sophomore year) scholarships. Recipients agree to a service 
obligation. For additional information, contact the Professor of Military Science, Dickinson 
College, 717-245-1221. 

Corresponding Studies Program: Students participating in an off-campus study program in 
the United States or abroad may continue participation in either the Army ROTC Basic 
Course or Advanced Course and receive the same course credit and benefits as a student 
enrolled in the on-campus program. Scholarship students also are eligible to participate in 
this program. 

Advanced Leadership Practicum: The practicum consists of a six-week summer training 
program at an Army installation that stresses the application of military skills to rapidly 
changing situations. Participants are evaluated on their ability to make sound decisions, to 
direct group efforts toward the accomplishment of common goals and to meet the mental and 
physical challenges presented to them. Completion of this practicum is required prior to 
commissioning and is normally attended between the junior and senior years. Participants 
receive room, board, travel expenses, medical care, and pay. 

The requirements and course descriptions in military science are on page 98. 

Faculty: 

Deborah L. Geiger, instructor in military science. 

M.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Captain, U.S. Army, Military Police. 

Instructs third year Military Science and Tactics. Her assignments include command and 

staff positions in active duty Military Police units. 

Thomas L. Oetjen, professor of military science. 

M.A., Middlehury College. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army, Field Artilleiy. 

Assignments include command and staff positions in various Field Artillery units and 

German professor at U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y. 

Department of Music 

Students in the Department of Music may major in one of three areas: music, music 
education, or sound recording technology. Each student, regardless of major, is required to 
take a core of courses in music theory and music history. Each student also completes 
additional course work particular to his/her area of interest. 

Music majors will exhibit proficiency at the piano and in voice, each to be determined by jury . 
Precise requirements for these proficiencies and the Recital Attendance requirement are 
found in the Department of Music Student Handbook. To prepare for proficiency juries, 

48 



students can take MSC 5 10 and/or 520. Music majors will be in at least one major performing 
ensemble (identified as either Marching Band, Symphonic Band, Concert Choir, or Sym- 
phony Orchestra) each fall and spring semester. All students may earn up to 12 credits for 
ensemble participation. They will enroll in private study on their principal instrument/voice 
during each fall and spring semester. 

Students registered for private instruction in the department are not permitted to study in that 
instructional area on a private basis with another instructor, on or off campus, at the same 
time. 

The Bachelor of Arts in Music (B.A.) is designed for those students preparing for a career in 
music with a strong liberal arts background. All B.A. candidates will take an hour lesson per 
week in their principal performance medium. The Theory/Composition concentration 
students will take 530 private applied and 530 individual composition each semester to fulfill 
this requirement. B.A. in Music students are expected to give a one-half junior recital, and 
a full senior recital. These are given in consultation with and at the recommendation of their 
private instructor and a pre-performance jury. Concentrations identified in the Department 
of Music Student Handbook include: Piano, Organ, Voice, Instrumental, Sacred Music, and 
Theory /Composition. 

The Bachelor of Science in Music Education (B.S.), approved by the Pennsylvania 
Department of Education and accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music, 
is designed for the preparation of public school music teachers, kindergarten through grade 
twelve, instrumental and vocal. Piano and voice proficiencies for the music education major 
prepare the candidate to meet the standards of the Pennsylvania Department of Education and 
are administered by competency jury. Students participate in student teaching in area 
elementary and secondary schools. In all field experiences, as well as the student teaching 
semester, each student is responsible for transportation arrangements. During the student 
teaching semester, the candidate is not required to register for recital attendance, private 



Individual attention is one of 

the outstanding features of 

the music curriculum. 




49 



lessons, or an ensemble. 

The Bachelor of Music: Emphasis in Sound Recording Technology (B.M.) is designed for 
students who wish to gain theoretical and practical knowledge necessary for careers in the 
fields of audio production, radio, television, and film. 

For the majors in music, music education, music with emphasis in sound recording 
technology, the minor in music, and course descriptions in music, see page 99. 

Faculty: 

George D. Curfman, professor of music education. 

Ed.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

He teaches music education methods courses and coordinates music student teaching. He 

serves as a consultant/clinician for the Pennsylvania Music Educators Association and 

advises the campus Pennsylvania Collegiate Music Education Association. 

Scott H. Eggert, associate professor of music. 

DMA., University of Kansas. 

He teaches music theory, composition, music history, class and applied piano. He is active 

as a composer and has premiered major works on and off campus. 

Klement M. Hambourg, associate professor of music. 

D.M.A., University of Oregon. 

He teaches violin and viola and string methodology; coaches chamber ensembles and 

conducts the College-Community Orchestra. He performs in solo recitals, is a member of the 

Reading Symphony, and has conducted at the Allegheny Summer Festival of Music. 

Robert H. Hearson, associate professor of music. 

Ed.D., University of Illinois. 

A low brass specialist, he teaches courses in instrumental music education and brass 

pedagogy, and supervises music student teaching activities. He is founder/director of the 

LVC Summer Music Camp and host conductor/coordinator of the LVC Honors Band. He 

maintains a special interest in brass ensemble music, and is active as a performer, clinician, 

adjudicator, and guest conductor. 

Barry R. Hill, instructor of music. 

B.S., Music with Recording Arts, University of North Carolina at Asheville. 

He is director of the sound recording technology program. He teaches sound recording 

technology courses and administers other aspects of the program, including supervision of 

interns. 

Mark L. Mecham, associate professor of music. Chairperson. 

D.M.A., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 

His doctorate is in choral music, and he has experience in choral conducting, music education, 

and voice. Conductor of the LVC Concert Choir and Chamber Choir, he also serves as 

50 



adjudicator, clinician, and consultant. 

Philip G. Morgan, associate professor of music. 

M.S., Pittsburg State University (Kansas). 

He teaches applied voice with specialization in vocal technique, vocal pedagogy and vocal 

literature. He performs frequently in solo recitals, oratorios, and chamber recitals in the 

United States and Europe. He serves as vocal coach for HersheyPark's summer shows. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, 

assistant professor of music and director of special music programs. 

M.M. , Westminster Choir College. 

She teaches applied organ and piano, sacred music courses, and theory classes for the 

preparatory department. She performs frequently in solo organ and harpsichord recitals. 

C. Robert Rose, associate professor of music. 

D.M., Indiana University. 

He teaches applied clarinet and courses in music theory, literature, orchestration, and 

woodwind methods. He conducts the Symphonic Band and maintains an active schedule as 

clarinetist in solo and chamber music recitals and as an instrumental conductor. 

Dennis W. Sweigart, professor of music. 

D.M.A., University of Iowa. 

He teaches applied piano and courses in keyboard harmony, form and analysis and piano 

pedagogy. He regularly performs as a soloist and as an accompanist. He serves as the faculty 

adviser to Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the men's music fraternity. 

Teresa R. Bowers, adjunct instructor in music. 

M.M., Ohio State University. 

She teaches applied flute, double reeds, flute pedagogy, and conducts the flute ensemble. She 

is a member of Duo Francais, a flute-harp duo, and frequently appears as a recitalist and 

clinician. 

Erwin P. Chandler, adjunct assistant professor of music. 

M.M., Indiana University. 

He teaches applied horn and is active as a composer/arranger and conductor. 

James A. Erdman II, adjunct instructor in music. 

Retired solo trombonist, "The Presidents Own" United States Marine Band, Washington, 

D.C. He teaches low brass instruments and is founder and director of the LVC Low Brass 

Ensemble. He is active as a performer on the trombone and appears nationally as a soloist and 

clinician. 

Timothy M. Erdman, adjunct instructor in music. 

B.S., Temple University . 

Formerly trumpet soloist, "The President's Own" United States Marine Band, Washington, 

51 



D.C.; he has been principal trumpet with the Harrisburg and Reading Symphonies. Instructor 
of applied trumpet, he is a member of "Basic 'ly Brass," a professional brass quintet. 

Nevelyn J. Knisley, adjunct associate professor of music. 

M.F.A., Ohio University. 

She performs extensively as a piano soloist, accompanist and chamber music performer. She 

serves as faculty adviser to Sigma Alpha Iota, the women's music fraternity. 

James E. Miller, adjunct instructor in music. 

A member of the jazz ensemble "Third Stream," his teaching specialty is string bass and 

electric bass. He has played with several regional symphonies in the area. 

Joseph D. Mixon, adjunct instructor in music. 

MM., Combs College of Music. 

He is a professional guitarist in the tri-state area and teaches private lessons and class guitar. 

Robert A. Nowak, adjunct instructor in music. 

M.M., University of Miami. 

He teaches percussion and directs the Percussion Ensemble. 

Lawrence Oncley, adjunct instructor in music. 

Ph.D., Indiana University. 

He teaches applied cello and performs with the Reading Symphony and the Susquehanna 

String Quartet. 

Victoria Rose, adjunct instructor in music. 

B.M., The Peahody Conservatory of the Johns Hopkins University. 

Teaching class voice and private lessons, she is an active recitalist and oratorio soloist in 

Central Pennsylvania, Philadelphia and Baltimore. 

Thomas M. Strohman, adjunct instructor in music. 

B.S., Lebanon Valley College. 

He directs the college jazz band and the small jazz ensemble, and teaches jazz improvisation 

and saxophone. A founding member of the jazz ensemble, "Third Stream," he has recorded 

for Columbia Artists. He maintains an active career performing and teaching in the Central 

Pennsylvania area. 

Department of Physical Education 

Although the college does not offer a major in physical education, two units of physical 
education are required for graduation. The program encourages attitudes and habits of good 
health, while developing physical capacities and skills that will enrich life. 

Course descriptions in physical education are on page 107. 



52 



Faculty: 

O. Kent Reed, associate professor of physical education. Chairperson. 

M.A. in Ed., Eastern Kentucky University. 

He instructs the fitness and weight training classes and utilizes body fat percentages, pulse 
rate and recovery, strength testing devices and workout charts. He also instructs team 
activities such as softball and volleyball. Responsibilities in the athletic department are track 
and field and cross country. 

Department of Physics 

The program in physics is designed to develop an understanding of the fundamental laws of 
physical science dealing with motion, forces, energy, heat, sound, light, electromagnetism, 
electronics, atomic and nuclear structure, and the properties of matter. Physics gives an 
appreciation of the extent and limitations of a mathematical description of the physical world. 
Students major in physics as a preparation for professional careers in physics, engineering, 
secondary teaching, and careers for which a physical science background is useful. 

The facilities of the Physics Department are located on the fourth floor of the Garber Science 
Center. In addition to the introductory physics laboratory, the department maintains an x-ray 
laboratory, optics laboratory, atomic laboratory, electronics laboratory, and nuclear labora- 
tory. The department also houses a reading room, student shop, and darkroom. 

Students majoring in physics take advantage of close contact with faculty, work as lab 
assistants, pursue independent study or research, and participate in the local chapter of the 
Society of Physics Students. 

For Cooperative Programs, see page 25. For the major and course descriptions in physics, see 
page 109. 

Faculty: 

Michael A. Day, associate professor of physics. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska. 

He has two doctorates: one in physics, one in philosophy, and publishes in both areas. His 

interests are theoretical physics (specializing in anharmonic solids) and philosophy of 

science. 

Barry L. Hurst, associate professor of physics. 

Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

His background in sputtering involves investigating the material ejected from ion bombarded 

surfaces using the technique of secondary ion mass spectrometry. Other interests include 

electronics and experimental design. 

J. Robert O'Donnell, professor emeritus of physics. 

M.S., University of Delaware. 

He is interested in the physics of music, including the acoustical properties of the guitar. 

53 



Jacob L. Rhodes, professor emeritus of physics. 

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

His background is nuclear physics with interests in the relationship of physics and society. 

Department of Political Science and Economics 

The department consists of two independent disciplines, political science and economics, 
which have separate majors and curricula. 

Political scientists study government and politics with a particular interest in the political 
behavior of individuals, groups, and institutions. Many pre-law students major in this 
discipline (see page 1 13 for offerings in the pre-law program). Other majors have gone on 
to graduate school or careers in politics. 

Economists study the behavior of the economic system and economic factors in that system. 
Graduates in one of the two economics majors may go on to graduate school or to jobs in the 
private sector or government. 

Both disciplines emphasize an understanding of the public policy process. They are designed 
to provide a sound knowledge of essential principles and problems within a broad liberal arts 
education. 

For the major and minor requirements and course offerings in political science, see page 1 1 0. 
For those in economics, see page 72. 

Faculty: 

D. Eugene Brown, professor of political science. 

Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton. 

Dr. Brown teaches international studies, with a particular emphasis on Asia. He has written 

two books on American foreign policy and a number of papers, articles, monographs, and 

book chapters on Japanese foreign policy. From 1989-1991 he was Visiting Professor of 

Foreign Policy at the U.S. Army War College. 

Paul A. Heise, assistant professor of economics. 

Ph.D., New School for Social Research. 

Dr. Heise 's chief areas of interest are public policy and the history of economic thought. He 

has served in several positions in the Executive Office of the President. He has published in 

the United States and abroad on labor and multinational corporations and on the philosophy 

of Adam Smith. 

Jeanne C. Hey, assistant professor of economics. 
Ph.D., Lehigh University. 

Dr. Hey's specialty areas are in economic theory, econometrics, environmental economics, 
and health economics. Her professional affiliations include the American Economic Asso- 
ciation, the American Finance Association, and the Association for Evolutionary Economics. 

54 



John D. Norton, professor of political science. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., American University. 

Dr. Norton teaches courses in American government, constitutional law, political theory, and 

American politics. He is the pre-law adviser for the college. His professional and research 

interests are in the areas of American Constitutionalism, history of political thought, and 

political rhetoric. 

Department of Psychology 

The goal of psychology is the scientific description and explanation of behavior. This goal 
is approached in diverse ways: from laboratory experiments on animal behavior at one 
extreme, to clinical interventions having therapeutic behavioral objectives at the other. This 
diversity makes psychology important to fields such as business, education, and medicine, 
and makes it an integral part of any liberal arts education. 

The undergraduate major in psychology at Lebanon Valley College incorporates many 
aspects of psychology. It includes elements of a general education as well as elements more 
specially tailored to each student's career training. Some students completing the major have 
gone on to prestigious graduate schools while others have utilized their undergraduate 
training to take jobs in their specialty areas immediately upon graduation. The departmental 
degree requirements are sensitive to this career diversity. 

The courses required of all psychology majors, include: The Individual and Society (PSY 
100), General Psychology (PSY 1 10), Experimental Psychology (PSY 120), Psychological 
Statistics (PSY 216), and the History of Psychology (PSY 443 ). These courses provide a firm 
foundation for specialization in any of the content areas of psychology. 

The student majoring in psychology is also expected to focus in one of four content areas: 

(1) clinical/counseling/school psychology 

(2) experimental psychology 

(3) developmental psychology 

(4) industrial/organizational psychology 

The three required courses in an area of specialization are intended to link the liberal arts 
background to specific career goals. 

In addition to these general and specialized courses, all psychology majors are encouraged 
to participate in the educational process beyond the classroom through independent studies, 
laboratory research, and internships. The department is committed to providing opportuni- 
ties for work experiences as a component of the psychology major. 

The major, minor and course descriptions in psychology are on page 115. The major and 
course descriptions in psychobiology, jointly offered with the Biology Department, are on 
page 114. 

55 



Faculty: 

Salvatore Cullari, associate professor of psychology . 
Ph.D., Western Michigan University. 

His teaching interests are in cUnical psychology, abnormal, personality, and social psychol- 
ogy. His current research is in schizophrenia, personality assessment and eating disorders. 

David Lasky, professor of psychology. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., Temple University. 

Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are the focus of his teaching 

interests. Current research is in organizational change in the public sector and patients' 

rights. 

Jan Pedersen, assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook. 

Her teaching interests cover a broad range of infant, child, and adolescent development, 

including cognition, socialization, and school-related issues. Her current research interests 

are the development of rule categorization systems, social conflict, and sex role identity 

within specific ecological contexts. 

Steven M. Specht, assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton. 

His teaching interests include statistics and experimental design as well as a variety of areas 

in psychobiology. His current research interests are the ontogeny of physiological controls 

of ingestive behaviors and general psychopharmacological issues related to neuroscience. 

Michael Asken, adjunct associate professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., University of West Virginia. 

His teaching interests are in sport psychology and health psychology. His current research 

interests are in sport psychology and the management of stress in surgery. He is in private 

practice as a health psychologist. 

Janet Kelley, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

Her teaching interests are in abnormal, clinical, social psychology and lifespan adjustment 

problems. She is a clinical psychologist in private practice. 

Joseph Peters, adjunct associate professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

He supervises the internship students. His research interests are in clinical psychology and 

computer applications to patient management. He is a clinical psychologist at a veterans 

administration hospital. 

David Thompson, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University. 

Teaching interests are in educational and school psychology, and adjustment problems of 

56 



students. He is Director of Psychological Services at a private school. 

Ford Thompson, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

M.A., George Washington University. 

His teaching interests are in organizational behavior. He is the state Deputy Secretary for 

Mental Health. 

Richard Tushup, adjunct assistant professor of psychology. 

Ph.D., University of Delaware. 

His teaching interests are in experimental psychology. Some of his areas of interest are human 

sexuality, client cognitions between therapeutic encounters, and religion's impact upon 

personality development and therapeutic process. He is currently employed at The Veterans 

Administration Medical Center. 

Department of Religion And Philosophy 

The study of religion is designed to give students insight into the meaning of the religious 
dimension of human experience. Course work in religion introduces students to the various 
historical and contemporary expressions of the Judeo-Christian heritage as well as to the 
diverse religious traditions of humankind. 

The study of philosophy directly involves the student in the process of sharpening critical and 
analytical abilities. Philosophy courses examine some of the greatest perennial questions of 
values, knowledge, reality and their relation to human nature. 

A major in religion or philosophy may be combined with a major or minor in another subject. 
Many majors go on to advanced study in graduate or professional schools and seminaries. Our 
graduates have pursued a wide variety of careers in education, law, ministry and business. 

The major, minor, and course requirements in philosophy are on page 106. Those in religion 
are on page 118. 

Faculty: 

Donald E. Byrne Jr., professor of religion and history. 

Director of American Studies Program. 

Ph.D., Duke University. 

His scholarship has focused on American folk religion, particularly as expressed in the 

Methodist and Roman Catholic communities. Other interests include religion and literature, 

peace studies, and mysticism. His teaching centers on the history of Christianity and religion 

in America, and he also participates in the College Honors program. 

John H. Heffner, professor of philosophy. 

Ph.D., Boston University. 

His teaching interests include logic, philosophy of religion, metaphysics, and history of 

philosophy. He has published articles in major journals and contributed chapters to books in 

57 



his research specialization, the philosophy of perception. His recent interest in the philosophy 
of religion has focused on biblical literature and nineteenth century philosophical theology. 

Warren K.A. Thompson, associate professor of philosophy. Acting chairperson. 
M.A., University of Texas. Austin. 

His teaching specialties are philosophical ethics, bioethics, and business and organizational 
ethics. He has a particular interest in the ethical implications of the Holocaust, and has 
recently contributed a chapter for an anthology devoted to philosophy and the Holocaust. 

Perry J. Troutman, professor of religion. 

Ph.D., Boston University. 

His areas of teaching specialization include world religions, religion in America, and the 

theory and practice of Christian education. He has particular interests in English cathedrals, 

and he is organizer and Chair of the American Friends of Durham Cathedral. - 

Mark E. Achtermann, adjunct instructor of philosophy. 

M.A., Chicago Theological Seminary. 

He teaches problems of philosophy and is interested in comparative, cross-cultural and cross- 
disciplinary studies. 

Donald C. Hoepfer, adjunct instructor in philosophy. 

M.A., The Pennsylvania State University. 

He specializes in the history of philosophy and is a doctoral candidate at Temple University. 

Christine M. Kamp-Cichello, adjunct instructor of philosophy. 

M.A., Boston College. 

She teaches courses in ethics and problems of philosophy. 

David W. Layman, adjunct instructor of religion. 

M. Div., Lancaster Theological Seminary. 

He teaches courses in world religions and problems of philosophy. He is completing his 

doctorate in religious studies at Temple University. 

Steven J. Snyder, adjunct assistant professor of religion. 

M.Div., Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. 

He teaches courses in Biblical literature, and his interests include various aspects of 

contemporary religion and society. He is completing his doctorate at Boston University. 

Department of Sociology and Social Work 

The major in sociology gives students an understanding of human behavior. By examining 
the social and cultural forces that shape our lives, students gain a richer understanding of 
themselves and contemporary social issues. Sociology explores how and why people behave 
as they do as well as the effects of their behavior on others. In an economy that is moving 
from a manufacturing base to a service orientation, graduates in sociology are prepared to 

58 



work in fields where an understanding of the dynamics of human relationships is important. 

The social work minor helps to prepare students for beginning professional practice in a 
variety of social work settings. The minor emphasizes the generalist approach by offering a 
solid foundation of core courses based on social work theory and practice. The program also 
provides students the opportunity to focus upon areas of personal and professional interest 
by choosing a concentration in such areas as criminal justice, family intervention, and the 
aged and aging/death and dying. 

The minor and course descriptions in social work are on page 1 20. Those in sociology are on 
page 121. 



Faculty: 

Sharon Darmofall Arnold, associate professor of sociology. 

M.A., University of Akron. 

Among her teaching interests are sociology of the family, intercultural communication, small 

groups, and medical sociology. Her research interests are achievement orientation of female 

students and the use of telecommunications in higher education. 

Carolyn R. Hanes, professor of sociology and social work. Chairperson. 

Ph.D., University of New Hampshire. 

Her areas of interest include family and marriage, criminology, criminal justice, mass media, 

and leadership. She is currently doing research on leadership. 

Sharon Hall Raffield, associate professor of sociology and social work. 

M.S.W., Washington University. 

Her areas of interest include social work practice with families, children, and elders as well 

as policies which impact upon them. She is currently doing research in social work theory of 

practice and social work educational curriculum. 

Robert D. Gingrich, adjunct lecturer in social work. 

M.S., Moravian College. 

His teaching specialties include child abuse, juvenile delinquency and sexual abuse. 

Marianne Goodfellow, adjunct lecturer in sociology. 
M.A., The Pennsylvania State University. 

Holly L. Preston, adjunct lecturer in sociology and social work. 
M.S.W., Marywood College. 



59 



UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE 
REQUIREMENTS AND COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 

Accounting (ACT) 

The Management Department is described on page 41. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in accounting. 

Major. ACT 15 1 , 152, 233, 25 1 , 252, 353; 9 credit hours accounting electives; ECN 101 , 102; 
MGT 322, 330, 361, 485; ENG 210; MAS 150 (or 1 1 1 or 161); MAS 170 (or 270 or 372); 
PHL 360 (59 credits). 

Minor. ACT 151, 152, 251, 252, 353, ACT 233 or CSC 125; 6 credit hours of accounting 
electives (26 credits). 

Courses in Accounting 

151. Principles of Accounting I. Fundamental principles and concepts of accounting 
encompassing business transactions, the accounting cycle, and classified financial state- 
ments including discussion of various topics relating to balance sheet and income statement 
items. For accounting majors. Credit not awarded for both ACT 1 5 1 and ACT 161.4 credits. 

152. Principles of Accounting II. A continuation of Principles of Accounting I focusing 
upon accounting concepts, partnerships, and business transactions related to corporate 
liabilities, equity, and investments. Includes basic financial analysis. For accounting majors. 
Prerequisite: ACT 151; or ACT 161 with minimum grade of B and permission. A student 
must attain a grade of "C-" or above in ACT 151 as a prerequisite for this course. 4 credits. 

161. Financial Accounting. Basic concepts of accounting including accounting for business 
transactions, preparation and use of financial statements, and measurement of owners' 
equity. An introductory course for non-accounting majors. Credit not awarded for both ACT 
151 and ACT 161. Prerequisite: sophomore standing or permission. 3 credits. 

162. Managerial Accounting. Cost-volume-profit relationships, cost analysis, business 
segment contribution, profit planning and budgeting as a basis for managerial decision 
making. Prerequisite: ACT 151 or ACT 161; sophomore standing or permission. A student 
must attain a grade of "C-" or above in ACT 161 as a prerequisite for this course. 3 credits. 

233. Computer Applications in Business. An introduction to personal computers and their 
use as a business management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory exercises 
students learn computer applications that influence managerial decision-making processes. 
Topics include word processing, business graphics, electronic spreadsheets and database 
management. Prerequisite: ACT 151 or 161, ECN 101 or 102, or permission. 3 credits. 
{Cross-listed as Economics 233 and Management 233. ) 

60 



251. Intermediate Accounting I. An advanced course in accounting principles stressing the 
environment and the conceptual framework of financial accounting, statement presentation, 
revenue recognition, and valuation problems in accounting for assets. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 
A student must attain a grade of "C-" or above in ACT 152 as a prerequisite for this course. 
3 credits. 

252. Intermediate Accounting II. An analysis of financial statements, effects of errors and 
changes on statements, preparation of funds flow statement, and valuation problems in 
accounting for leases and pensions and stockholders' equity. Prerequisite: ACT 251. 3 
credits. 

351. Advanced Accounting. Study of theory and standards with application to such special 
topics as income presentation, interim reporting, and per-share disclosures. Emphasis on 
business combinations and consolidated financial presentations. Prerequisite: ACT 252. 3 
credits. 

352. Governmental and Non-Profit Accounting. Basic concepts of fund and budgetary 
accounting used for financial activities of governmental units and other not-for-profit 
organizations. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

353. Cost Accounting. The accumulation and recording of the costs associated with the 
manufacturing operation including job-order, process and standard cost systems, and joint 
and by-product costing. Prerequisite: ACT 152. 3 credits. 

451. Individual Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as applied to 
individuals; case problems, preparation of returns. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 161. 3 credits. 

452. Corporate Income Tax. Analysis of the federal income tax laws as applied to 
corporations, partnerships and fiduciaries; case problems, preparation of returns. Prerequi- 
site: ACT 451. 3 credits. 

455. Auditing. A study of the process of evaluation of internal controls and interpretation of 
financial information to permit an auditor to express a professional opinion on financial 
reports. Prerequisite: ACT 252. 3 credits. 

Actuarial Science (ASC) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 43. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in actuarial science. 

Major. Three of ASC 385, 481, 482, 484; CSC 125; MAS 111,112, 202, 222, 371, 372, 471 
and one of MAS 363 or 335; ECN 101, 102; ACT 151, 152 or 161, 162. (52 credits.) The 
Course 100/ Part 1 examination of the actuarial societies must be passed before the end of the 
semester preceding the graduation semester. 

61 



Courses in Actuarial Science 

385. The Theory of Interest. Measurement of interest, the time value of money, annuities, 
amortization and sinking funds, bonds and related securities, depreciation and capitalized 
cost. Prerequisite: MAS 1 12. 3 credits. 

481,482. Actuarial Mathematics I and II. Survival distributions and life tables; life 
insurance; life annuities; net premiums; premium reserves; multiple life functions; multiple 
decrement models; valuation theory for pension plans; the expense factor; and non- 
forfeiture benefits and dividends. Prerequisite: Core. (MAS 111,112,202,222, CSC 125). 
Corequisite: MAS 371,372. 3 credits each. 

484. Casualty Actuarial Mathematics. An introduction to mathematical techniques of 
casualty actuarial work including credibility theory, risk theory, and losses distributions. 
Prerequisite: Core. Corequisite: MAS 372. 3 credits. 

American Studies (AMS) 

The interdisciplinary program in American Studies is coordinated by the History Department 
which is described on page 40. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in American Studies. 

Major. AMS 111,211,253,311,485; ART205 or MSC 120; ENG221,222;GPY211; HIS 
321, 322, 325 or 326; PHL 240 or REL 120 (39 credits). 



Minor. AMS 111, 21 1, 253; 1 course from the following: ART 205, ENG 221, 222, MSC 
1 20; 1 course from the following: HIS 321, PHL 240, REL 1 20; 1 course from the following: 
AMS 311, HIS 322, 325, 326; and 1 elective course to be chosen from among courses required 
for the major in American Studies or approved by the Director of the American Studies 
Program (21 credits.) 




Professors meet with 

students to discuss how to 

apply what they learned in 

the classroom to "real 

world" internships. 



62 



Courses in American Studies 

111. Introduction to American Studies. An interdisciplinary approach to the study of 
America's heritage and the distinguishing features of the American mind and character. 
3 credits. 

211. American Folklore. A study of the historical growth of American folklore; such genres 
as folk art, folk music, and folk speech; contemporary expressions, including regional and 
ethnic variations; and the dynamics of folk performance in socio-cultural context. 3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected American denomi- 
nations and sects and of the theological implications of secular folklore. Emphasis will be 
placed on field work as well as on analysis. 3 credits. | Cross-listed as Religion 230. 1 

253. Applied American Studies. An introduction to non-teaching careers in American 
Studies. Students examine the basics of archival management, museum curatorship. oral 
history and specialized work in government, corporations, historical societies, libraries and 
preservation agencies. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as History 253.} 

311. American Science and Technology. A study of American science and technology and 
their interrelations with economic, cultural, political and intellectual developments. Prereq- 
uisite: Any laboratory science course. 3 credits. 

485. American Studies Seminar. A capstone course organized around a major theme or issue 
in the American experience. Themes and issues vary from year to year as the seminar rotates 
among faculty in several academic departments. Students are able to integrate their 
educational experience and implement further the interdisciplinary methodology in an 
holistic approach to a topic or subject. 3 credits. 

Art (ART) 

The Art Department is described on page 30. 

Minor: ART 1 10, 121, 201, 203, 1 elective course in art (15 credits). 

Courses in Art 

110. Introduction to Art. An exploration of meaning in the visual arts. The subject is 
approached through discussions of perception, the aesthetic experience, and form/content 
analyses of painting, sculpture, and architecture. 3 credits. 

121. Drawing I. An introduction of the fundamentals of drawing. Students will practice 
seeing and rendering the contour line, the gestural line, mass and volume, texture, negative 
space and linear relationships. A variety of drawing media will be explored. 3 credits. 



63 



722. Drawing II. An introduction to advanced drawing skills. Students will practice and 
improve the fundamental drawing skills emphasized in Drawing I. Students learn to shift 
their attention from the isolated object to the whole image, focusing on the creation of three- 
dimensional space in a fully realized composition. The figure and the landscape will serve 
as the subjects. Toward the end of the semester color will be introduced. Prerequisite: ART 
121 or permission. 3 credits. 

201. Art History I. Prehistoric through Medieval Art. A survey of painting, sculpture and 
architecture beginning with prehistoric sites in Europe and the Near East, followed by studies 
of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome and Europe in the Middle Ages. 3 credits. 

203. Art History II. Renaissance to twentieth century. A survey of individual masters and 
their major schools, the course covers the period from the close of the medieval era to the 
modem day and includes stylistic analyses and historical contexts for painting, sculpture, and 
architecture of each period. 3 credits. 

205. American Art History. An examination of the architecture, painting, sculpture, and the 
decorative arts from the colonial period to the present day with emphasis on the twentieth 
century. 3 credits. 

401. Art in the Elementary School. Introduction to creative art activity for children in 
elementary school. Topics covered include philosophical concepts, curriculum, evaluation 
and studio activity involving a variety of art media, techniques, and processes. 3 credits. 

Biochemistry (BCH) 

The program in biochemistry is offered jointly by the Biology Department, described on page 
30 and the Chemistry Department, described on page 32. 

The major in biochemistry is an interdisciplinary program that provides an opportunity for 
interested students to engage in a comprehensive study of the chemical basis of biological 
processes. It is designed to prepare students for advanced study in medical, dental, and other 
professional schools, for graduate programs in a variety of subjects including biochemistry, 
clinical chemistry, pharmacology, molecular biology, genetics, microbiology, and physiol- 
ogy, and for research positions in industrial, academic, and government laboratories. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in biochemistry. 

Ma/o/;BIOlll,112,201;CHMlll,112, 113, 114,213,214,215,216; BCH 401, 421, 422, 
430, 499; MAS 161; PHY 103, 104 or 111, 112 (51 credits); 9 credits from BIO 305, 306, 
307, 322, 323, 404 and CHM 305, 306, 307, 308, 311. 

Courses in Biochemistry 

401. Molecular Biology. Gene structure, function and regulation at the molecular level in 

64 



prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Recombinant DNA techniques (genetic engineering) 
and gene sequencing are covered in detail. Prerequisite: Three semesters of chemistry and 
BIO 201 or permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

421,422. Biochemistry 1,11. The study of the chemistry of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates. 
Topics covered include amino acid chemistry, protein structure, molecular weight determi- 
nation, ligand binding, enzyme kinetics, enzyme and coenzyme mechanisms, membrane 
systems, membrane transport, intermediary metabolism, metabolic control, electron trans- 
port, and oxidative phosphorylation. Prerequisites: CHM214, 216 and 3 12 or permission. 3 
credits per semester. 

430. Biochemistry Laboratory. Investigations of the properties of proteins, nucleic acids, 
carbohydrates, and lipids. Prerequisites: CHM 214, 216. 1 credit. 

499. Biochemistry Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on special topics in bio- 
chemistry. 1 credit. 

Biology (BIO) 

The Biology Department is described on page 30. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in biology. 

Major: BIO 111, 112, 201, 499; one course each in the general areas of physiology, cellular 
and subcellular biology, botany, and morphology, and 4 additional hours of biology (33 
credits).CHM 111, 112, 113, 114,213, 214,215, 216(16credits); PHY 103, 104 or 111, 112; 
MAS 161 or 1 1 1 (61-63 total credits). 

Minor: BIO 101, 102, or BIO 111,112, 201; plus 3 additional courses in biology (24 total 
credits). 

In addition, students planning to teach biology must take BIO 312,490 and 21 credits in 
education courses including EDU 1 10,420,430 and 440. These courses are described on 
pages 74 and 119. 

Courses in Biology 

BIO 1 1 1 and 112 are prerequisite for all upper-level courses in biology unless otherwise 
noted. 

101. Human Biology I. The human organism is utilized as the primary focus to elucidate 
physiological principles for non-science majors. Topics include nutrition, homeostasis, 
major organ systems, immunity, and exercise physiology. Laboratory exercises include 
sensory physiology, respiration, blood pressure, exercise physiology, and ECG. 4 credits. 



65 



102. Human Biology II. Also designed for the non-science major, this course emphasizes 
the mastery of certain biological principles as applied primarily to humans. Topics include 
reproduction, development, classical and molecular genetics, and ecology. Laboratory 
exercises supplement lecture topics and include an examination of mitosis and meiosis, 
Drosophila genetics, gene activity, population genetics, and development. 4 credits. 

103. Environmental Science. Designed for non-science majors, the course serves as an 
introduction to ecological principles and their applications to understanding the causes and 
current status of environmental problems. Options for dealing with these problems are 
evaluated. Possible topics for discussion are overpopulation, food and water resources, ozone 
depletion, global warming, deforestation, acid rain, biodiversity, erosion, loss of wetlands, 
energy sources, pollution, eutrophication and waste disposal. Laboratory exercises are 
designed to illustrate ecological concepts presented in lecture. 4 credits. 

///. General Biology I. A rigorous study of basic biological principles, which is designed 
for science majors. Topics emphasized include cell biology, genetics, taxonomy, histology, 
and evolution. Laboratory exercises include enzyme kinetics, carbohydrate analysis, isola- 
tion and identification of plant pigments, histological techniques, and animal taxonomy. 
4 credits. 

772. General Biology II. This course, also rigorous and designed for science majors, covers 
concepts in physiology, embryology, botany and ecology. Laboratory exercises include 
shark anatomy, invertebrate dissection, animal development, plant development in angio- 
sperms, and stomate response to environmental changes. 4 credits. 

201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of classical and molecular 
genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of genetics utilizing both classical and 
molecular approaches. Laboratory exercises include analysis of nucleic acids, genetic 
crosses, and studies of bacteria, bacteriophages and plasmids. Prerequisites: one year of 
chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

227. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. The comparative anatomy of vertebrates with 
emphasis on the evolutionary relationships among the various lines of vertebrates. Intensive 
laboratory work involves dissections and demonstrations of representative vertebrates. 
4 credits. 

302. Survey of the Plant Kingdom. The development and diversity of plants and the 
relationships between them. Field and laboratory work will familiarize the student with the 
structure of plants and with the identification of flowering plants in the local flora. 
Prerequisite: BIO 1 12 or permission. 4 credits. 

304. Developmental Biology. An organismal and molecular approach to the study of animal 
development using typical invertebrate and vertebrate organisms. The laboratory includes 
the study of slides as well as experiments on fertilization, regeneration and metamorphosis. 
4 credits. 

66 



305. Vertebrate Histology and Microtechnique. A study of the microscopic anatomy of 
vertebrate tissues, with illustrations of basic tissue similarities and specialization in relation 
to function. The laboratory work includes the preparation of slides utilizing routine histologi- 
cal and histochemical techniques. 4 credits. 

306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of represen- 
tative microorganisms. The laboratory emphasizes basic bacteriological techniques and 
procedures. Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with emphasis on vascular plants. 
Prerequisite: three semesters of chemistry or permission. 4 credits. 

312. Fundamentals of Ecology. An examination of the basic concepts of ecology with 
extensive laboratory work and field experiences in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial 
ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIO 1 12 or permission. 4 credits. 

322. Animal Physiology. A study of the principles of vertebrate body function, with emphasis 
on the mechanisms by which cells and organs perform their functions and the interactions of 
the various organs in maintaining total body function. Prerequisites: BIO 101 or 1 12 and one 
semester of chemistry, or permission. 4 credits. 

323. Introduction to Immunology. An introduction to the anatomical, physiological, and 
biochemical factors underlying the immune response. The course begins with a discussion 
of non-specific immunity, cellular immunity, and antibody-mediated immune responses. 
The course then moves into a study of contemporary immunological topics which are 
discussed with respect to major research papers in each area. Topics include auto-immunity, 
histocompatibility, immunogenetics, and acquired immune deficiencies. A research paper is 
required. Prerequisites: BIO 111,112 and CHM 1 1 1,1 13 or equivalent or permission. 

4 credits. 

402. Invertebrate Zoology. A study of most of the invertebrate phyla, concentrating on 
movement, metabolism, information and control, reproduction and association between 
animals. 4 credits. 

404. Electron Microscopy. An introduction to the use of techniques for scanning and 
transmission electron microscopic studies. Through laboratory experience the students will 
learn the proper use, application, and limitations of the appropriate instruments. Prerequisite: 
BIO 305 or permission of instructor. 4 credits. 

409. Quantitative Ecology. An intensive study of ecological processes emphasizing the 
quantitative aspects of ecology at the population and community levels. Prerequisite: 
permission of the instructor. 4 credits. 

490. Student Lab Instruction. A course designed for students seeking certification to teach 
biology in secondary education. Responsibilities include assisting in the preparation of 

67 




Interaction of faculty is an 

important facet for preparing 

students for careers in science. 



materials and equipment for lab; supervision of lab work; and preparation, administration, 
and evaluation of quizzes and lab tests. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 1 credit. 

499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library research on an 
assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the biology faculty and students. This 
course may be repeated. 1 or 2 credits. 

Chemistry (CHM) 

The Chemistry Department is described on page 32. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, Bachelor of Science with a major in chemistry. 

Ma/"or5.(B.S. in Chemistry) CHM 11 1,1 12, 113,114,213,214,215,216,222,305,306,307, 
308, 31 1,312,321,322,41 l;6CreditsfromCHM491 ^98 or590orBCH421,422; 4 credits 
of CHM 500; MAS 161, 162; PHY 111, 112 (63-64 credits). 

(B.S., major in chemistry) CHM 1 1 1, 1 12, 1 13, 1 14, 213, 214, 215, 216, 222, 305, 306, 307, 
308, 311,312, 321, 322; MAS 161, 162; PHY 111, 112; (50-51 credits). 

Minor: CHM 1 1 1, 1 12, 1 13, 1 14; 12 Credits from CHM 213, 214, 222, 305, 306, 31 1, 312, 
41 1 or BCH 421, 422; 3 Credits from CHM 215, 216, 307, 308, 321, 322 or BCH 430. 

Courses in Chemistry 

100. Introduction to Chemistry. An introduction to the principles of chemistry including 
mathematical tools, atomic structure, stoichiometry, elementary concepts of equilibrium, 
bonding, and organic chemistry. Intended for non-science majors. Laboratory experience 
included. 4 credits. 



68 



109. Chemical Skills. A step-by-step approach to solving chemical problems. Topics 
include the application of mathematical tools in introductory chemistry and techniques for 
finding the proper approach to solve problems. The course is designed to be taken 
concurrently with CHM 111.1 credit. 

Ill, 112. Principles of Chemistry 1,11. An introduction to chemistry for the science major. 
First semester topics include atomic and molecular structure, chemical reactions, calcula- 
tions involving chemical concentrations, gas laws, and bonding. Second semester covers 
kinetics, acids and bases, equilibrium, oxidation-reduction chemistry, thermodynamics, 
electrochemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite: one year of high school chemistry or 
permission. 3 credits per semester. 

113, 114. Introductory Laboratory 1,11. Laboratory courses to accompany 111 and 112. 
Experiments cover stoichiometry, gas laws, quantitative analysis, equilibrium, electrochem- 
istry, chemical synthesis, and the use of computers for collecting data. Students are 
introduced to instrumentation including infrared, UV-visible, NMR and atomic absorption 
spectrometers. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 1 1 1 for CHM 1 1 3 and CHM 1 1 2 for CHM 

1 14. 1 credit per semester. 

213, 214. Organic Chemistry I,II. An introduction to the principles of organic chemistry. 
The focus of the course is on the structure of organic molecules and how the structure of 
various functional groups affects their reactivity. The concepts of reactivity, structure and 
mechanism are applied to organic synthesis. Prerequisite: CHM 112.3 credits per semester. 

215, 216. Organic Laboratory 1,11. An introduction to the practice of classical organic 
chemistry and modem instrumental organic chemistry. The techniques of organic synthesis 
are taught along with instrumental methods including infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, 
and mass spectrometry. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 1 14 and CHM 213 for CHM 215 
and CHM 214 for CHM 216. 1 credit per semester. 

222. Introductory Inorganic Chemistry. The application of elementary principles of 
chemistry to provide a basis for understanding the physical and chemical properties of the 
elements. Topics include periodicity, acidity or basicity of metal cations and oxoanions, 
precipitation reactions, oxidation-reduction chemistry and the structures of solids. Prereq- 
uisite: CHM 112. 3 credits. 

305. Analytical Chemistry. Gravimetric, volumetric, and electro-chemical methods of 
chemical analysis covered. Includes statistical methods of data treatment and rigorous 
considerations of complex chemical equilibria. Prerequisites: CHM 1 12 and MAS 161.3 credits. 

306. Instrumental Analysis. Basic types of chemical instrumentation and their applications 
in analytical chemistry are examined. These include: gas and liquid chromatography; 
infrared, UV-VIS, fluorescence, atomic absorption, and plasma emission spectrophotom- 
etry; nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry; and radiochemical methods. 
Prerequisites: CHM 1 12 and MAS 161.3 credits. 

69 



307. Quantitative Analysis Laboratory. Techniques of gravimetric, volumetric, and electro- 
chemical analysis are applied to the analysis of unknowns. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 
305. 1 credit. 

308. Instrumental Analysis Laboratory. Chemical instrumentation is utilized in analytical 
method development and analysis. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 306. 1 credit. 

311. Physical Chemistry I. The study of thermodynamic laws and functions, including phase 
and reaction equilibria. Systems under study include ideal and real gases, ideal and non-ideal 
solutions, and multi-component phase transitions. Prerequisites: CHM 112, MAS 161, and 
PHY 104 or 112. 3 credits. 

312. Physical Chemistry 11. The study of chemical systems from a molecular perspective. 
Basic concepts of quantum chemistry and statistical theory applied to atomic and molecular 
structure. Also included are electrochemistry, kinetics, and transport processes. Prerequisite: 
CHM 311. 3 credits. 

321, 322. Physical Laboratory I,II. Application of chemical instrumentation to a study of the 
principles of physical chemistry. Experimental work involves calorimetry, refractometry, 
conductivity, viscometry, and atomic absorption, FTIR, UV-VIS, and NMR spectroscopy 
applied to the study of phase and reaction equilibria, kinetics, and atomic and molecular 
structure. Prerequisite or corequisite: CHM 3 1 1 for CHM 32 1 and CHM 3 1 2 for CHM 322. 
1 credit per semester. 

411. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. A study of bonding theories, molecular structure, 
spectroscopy, and reaction mechanisms with special emphasis on transition metal com- 
plexes. Prerequisite: CHM 312. 3 credits per semester. 

451. Methods of Teaching Chemistry. A course designed for students seeking certification 
to teach chemistry in secondary education. Topics include evaluation of laboratory experi- 
ments, demonstrations, textbooks, and computer software. Prerequisites: CHM 112, 114. 
3 credits. 

Communications 

See English, page 36. 

Computer Science (CSC) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 43. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science degree with a major in applied computer science; Bachelor of 
Science degree with a major in computer science. 

Major: (Applied Computer Science) CSC 125, 148,247,282,321,323,325,448,481 or 344, 

70 



400 or 500; ENG 210 or 216; MAS 1 1 1 or 161, 251, 270; 15 coordinated hours in an area of 
computer application to be arranged with adviser (5 1-53 credits). 

Major: (Computer Science) CSC 125, 148, 247, 282, 321, 323, 325, 344, 481, 482 or 448, 
400 or 500; ENG 2 1 or 2 1 6; MAS 111,112, 202, 222, 25 1 , 270 (52 credits). 

Minor: (Computer Science) CSC 125, 148, 247, 282, and one CSC course numbered 300 or 
higher; MAS 161,251 (21 credits). 

Nore.- No course outside of the core (MAS 111,1 12,202,222, CSC 125) may be used to meet 
the requirements of more than one major or minor within the Department of Mathematical 
Sciences. 

Courses in Computer Science 

125. Computer Tools: An Introduction to Computer Science. Introduction to fundamental 
concepts of computer science through exploration of apphcation software. Topics include: 
information storage, retrieval, and communication, user interfaces, algorithms, spreadsheet, 
data bases, and expert systems. 3 credits. 

148. Computers and Programming in Pascal. Introduction to programming in Pascal. 
Prerequisite: CSC 125. 3 credits. 

170. Computers and Programming in Basic. Introduction to the basic concepts and 
terminology of computer hardware, software, operating systems and languages. Program- 
ming in Basic. Cannot be used toward a major in computer science or apphed computer 
science. 3 credits. 

247. Advanced Programming with Pascal. Advanced features of Pascal. Structured types, 
multiple modules, libraries, and objects and events. Prerequisite: CSC 148. 3 credits. 

282. Data Structures. Lists, stacks, queues, trees, tables and networks. Prerequisite: CSC 
247, MAS 251. 3 credits. 

321, 323, 325. Survey of Computer Languages: FORTRAN, COBOL, and C. Syntax, 
mechanics of writing programs, and evaluation of the languages. Offered in three segments 
for 1 credit each. Prerequisite: CSC 148. 

344. Computer Architecture with MACRO. The organization of computers. Topics include 
instruction sets, registers, memory, devices and interrupts. Prerequisite: CSC 247. 3 credits. 

448. Database Management. Database structure and implementation. Prerequisite: CSC 

282. 3 credits. 

481,482. Advanced Topics in Computer Science 1,11. Topics to be selected from current 

71 



areas of interest and concern in computer science. Possible topics include graphics, compiler 
construction, operating systems, networks, and artificial intelligence. Prerequisites: CSC 
282, MAS 251. 3 credits per semester. 

Criminal Justice Program 

For students interested in the field of Criminal Justice (including police work, counseling 
juvenile offenders, court assistants, probation work, and other areas), the courses listed below 
constitute the Criminal Justice program. The chairs of the Sociology and Social Work and the 
Political Science and Economics Departments function as advisers for this program. 
Interested students should consult with one of these advisers. 

There is no major or minor in Criminal Justice, but the program can be most easily combined 
with a major in political science or sociology. However, the program is not confined to majors 
in these areas. 

The courses required are as follows: PSC 112,315,316,415; SOC 110,331,333; one of the 
following: SOC 278, SOC 37 1 , SOC 372; six credits of PSC, PS Y, SOC, or SWK 400. (30 
credits.) 

Economics (ECN) 

The Political Science and Economics Department is described on page 54. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts with a major in economics. 

Major: Bachelor of Science: ECN 101, 102, 201, 202, 222, 233, 312, 2 elective courses in 
economics; ACT 161, 162; CSC 148 or 170; ENG 210; MAS 150 or 161 or 1 1 1; MAS 170 
or 270 or 372; MGT 330, 485; PHL 360 (54 credits). 

Major: Bachelor of Arts: ECN 101, 102, 201, 202, 312, and four additional elective courses 
in economics, ACT 161, MAS 1 50 or 1 6 1 or 1 1 1 , MAS 1 70 or 270 or 372 (36 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Science: ECN 101, 102, 201, 202, 312; one from ACT 161, MGT 100, 
or one elective course in economics (18 credits). 

Minor: Bachelor of Arts: ECN 101, 102, 201, 202, 312, and one additional elective 
economics course (18 credits). 

Courses in Economics 

101. Principles of Microeconomics. An introductory study of microeconomic principles, 
with emphasis on price, production, and distribution theories under conditions of varying 
market structures. Factor market analysis as well as implications for welfare economics and 
public policy are considered. 3 credits. 

72 



Most classes are small, allowing 

for interaction between faculty 

members and students. 




102. Principles of Macroeconomics. An introductory study of macroeconomic principles, 
with emphasis on national income determination, the price level, employment, economic 
growth, money and banking, and government monetary and fiscal policies. Prerequisite: 
ECN 101. 3 credits. 

130. Economics of Public Issues. This course for the non-major covers public policy issues 
from the viewpoint of the economist. It looks at how individuals and groups such as 
corporations or governments make decisions about how resources are used. Issues covered 
remain current but may include the environment, income distribution, race gender trade, 
health and economic growth. 3 credits. 

201. Intermediate Microeconomic Analysis. Managerial and economic decision-making of 
business firms, with emphasis on sales, costs, profit, and resource allocation. Pareto 
optimality and the equity-efficiency trade-off are covered. Prerequisites: ECN 1 10 and 1 20. 
3 credits. 

202. Intermediate Macroeconomic Analysis. A study of national income and employment 
theory, with primary emphasis on determination of the levels of employment and prices. The 
problems of unemployment and inflation are analyzed and appropriate monetary and fiscal 
policies considered. Prerequisites: ECN 101 and 102. 3 credits. 

233. Personal Computer Applications in the Business and Economic Environment. An 

introduction to personal computers and their use as an economic analytical and business 
management tool. Topics include economic data analysis, economic graphics, and decision 
support systems. Prerequisites: ECN 101 and 102, or permission. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as 
Accounting 233 and Management 233. } 



73 



312. Money and Banking. Nature and functions of money and credit, including the 
development and role of commercial and central banking, structure and functions of the 
Federal Reserve System, and monetary and banking theory, policy, and practice. Prerequi- 
sites: ECN 101 and 102. 3 credits. 

315. Health Care Finance and Economics. Analysis of the economic problems of health and 
medical care to determine how to provide the best health care to the most people in a cost- 
effective manner. Examination of the principal elements of health care, including the 
physician, the hospital, and the pharmaceutical industry, as well as the influence of 
government and the insurance industry. All economic analysis will be considered within the 
context of medical ethics and societal values. Prerequisite: ECN 101 and 102. 3 credits. 

321. Public Finance. A study of the economic basis of government and other public activity, 
including principles of public goods, public choice, public expenditures, debt, taxation, and 
fiscal policy. Prerequisites: ECN 101 and 102. 3 credits. 

322. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative methods used in 
modem management and economics. Topics include probability concepts, forecasting, 
decision theory, linear programming, queuing theory, network models, and inventory 
models. Prerequisites: C- or better in MAS 150 and 170, and junior standing. 3 credits. 
{ Cross-listed as Management 322. } 

332. International Economics. A study of theories and empirical analysis of international 
economic relations. Topics include analyses of the exchange of goods, factors, and money 
across boarders, restrictive trade policies, and industrial policies. Prerequisites: ECN 101 
and 102. 3 credits. 

401. History of Economic Thought. The evolution of economic thought from mercantilism 
to the principal schools of the present. Attention is given to the evolution of the various 
theories of value, wages, interest, rent, profit, price level, business cycles, and employment, 
and to the influences of earlier economic ideas upon current thinking and policy-making. 
Prerequisites: ECN 101 and 102. 3 credits. 

411. Economic Growth and Development. Theoretical and empirical analysis of problems 
of economic development in both underdeveloped and advanced countries. Prerequisites: 
ECN 101 and 102. 3 credits. 

Education (EDU) 

The Education Department is described on page 34. 

The program in Elementary Education is described on page 75 and that in Secondary 
Education on page 119. 

Minor: EDU 1 10, GPY 20 1 ; one of ELM 270, ELM 34 1 , ELM 36 1 ; one of ELM 250, ELM 

74 



332, GPY 1 1 1 ; one of EDU 346, SED 420, EDU 442; ELM 280 or SED 280, 1-3 credits ( 1 6- 
18 credits). 

Courses in Education 

110. Foundations of Education. A study of the social, historical and philosophical founda- 
tions of American education correlated with a survey of the principles and theories of 
influential educators. Includes required field practicum. 3 credits. 

346. Educational Technology and Instructional Media. A study of the preparation and use 
of instructional technology, media, and equipment. 3 credits. 

442. The Education of the Exceptional Child. An introduction to current research and 
practices concerning the range of exceptionalities in children. The course includes attention 
to policies, legislation, programs, methods and materials. Various resource personnel are 
invited to address pertinent issues. The course includes a minimum of one hour per week field 
experience in local programs designed to meet the needs of exceptional children. Prerequi- 
sites: EDU 1 10, PSY 100 or PSY 120, or permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

Elementary Education (Teacher Certification) (ELM) 

The Education Department is described on page 34. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in elementary education. 

Major: Elementary education majors must take: EDU 1 10; ELM 220, 250, 270, 332, 341, 
342, 344, 36 1 , 362, 440, 499; ART 40 1 ; GPY 1 1 1 ; HIS 1 25 or 1 26; MAS 1 00 or equivalent; 
PSY 100 or 120, 220, 321 (66 credits). 

The minor in education is described on page 74. 

Courses in Elementaij Education 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elementary education majors 
in developing music skills for the classroom, including the playing of instruments, singing, 
using notation, listening, movement, and creative applications. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as 
Music 220. 1 

250. Mathematics in the Elementary School. A study of basic preschool to sixth grade 
mathematical concepts with major emphasis on problem solving, estimating, and computers. 
The course is designed to view mathematics as a multidisciplined subject. Attention is given 
to the development of hands-on teaching activities, simulations, and experiences which can 
be utilized effectively with any classroom population. 3 credits. 

260. Principles and Practices in Early Childhood Education. An introduction to contem- 

75 



porary research, theories, programs, curricula, methods, and materials in early childhood 
education, nursery school through grade 2. Includes required field experience in a local early 
childhood center. 3 credits. 

270. Children's Literature. A study of literature for children from infants through grade 8, 
including extensive classroom examination of books, poetry, storytelling, and audiovisual 
resources in children's literature. 3 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in the Elementary School. Supervised field experiences in appropriate 
school settings. Prerequisite: permission. 1-3 credits. 

332. The Physical Sciences in the Elementary School. A study of basic concepts in general 
science, earth and space science, physical and biological science, and environmental studies. 
The course emphasizes the experiential nature of science in the elementary classroom with 
special attention to the materials and methodologies appropriate to young children. 3 credits. 

341, 342. Teaching of Reading I, II. The fundamentals of teaching children to read from the 
readiness programs of early childhood education to the more comprehensive techniques 
required to teach reading in all subject areas of the curricula in elementary and middle 
schools. Effective reading programs, methods, and materials are examined first hand. 
Includes during each semester one hour per week of reading enrichment for selected 
elementary school students. Prerequisite: ELM 270. 3 credits per semester. 

344. Health and Safety Education. A study of basic health and safety practices and 
procedures as applied to the elementary school, including a program of physical education 
for elementary school children, an American Red Cross-approved program of first aid, and 
an evaluation of sources and use of materials. Prerequisites: EDU 1 10; PSY 220; Elementary 
Education major. 3 credits. 

361. Language Arts in the Elementary School. The content, methods and materials for 
teaching oral and written language beginning with early childhood: listening, speaking, 
creative and practical writing, as well as the related skills of creative dramatics, handwriting, 
grammar and usage. The course is designed to assist teachers in helping children to 
communicate effectively and responsibly in a creative manner. 3 credits. 

362. Social Studies in the Elementary School. An examination of the content, methods and 
role of social studies in the elementary school, beginning with early childhood. The 
curriculum is examined from two vantage points: the daily lives of children as they relate to 
developing values and attitudes and the planned study of people as they live and have lived 
in our world. The development of a teaching unit and the examination of learning resources 
contribute to a sound instructional program. 3 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Each student spends an entire semester in an area school under the 
supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. A cumulative 
grade point average of at least 2.00 during the first six semesters of college is required. 

76 



Prerequisites: EDU 110; PSY 220; ELM 250,270,332,341,342,361,362, and permission. 
3-12 credits. 

499. Senior Seminar. Special topics related to current concerns in education are researched 
and discussed by the participants in the course. Issues related to teaching and to further 
professional growth are explored. 3 credits. 

Engineering 

The co-operative ("3 + 2") Engineering program is described under the listing for the 
Cooperative Programs on page 25. 

English (ENG) 

The English Department is described on page 36. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in English. 

Major: Core requirements: ENG 200; three from 22 1-228; 33 1 ; 34 1 or 342; 499 (2 1 credits). 
Students must choose one of the concentrations below in addition to the core. 

Literature concentration: Three additional survey courses (ENG 221-228); three additional 
major authors (ENG 343-349) or special topics courses (ENG 390-399) or genre (ENG 334, 
335, 338, 339) courses (39 total credits). 

Communications concentration: ENG 213; four additional communications courses (ENG 
210-220, 31 1-315, 332, 336); 3 credits of ENG 400 (39 total credits). 

Secondary Education concentration: Two additional survey courses from ENG 221-228 
(must include both 22 1 ,222); three additional major authors (ENG 343-349) or special topics 
(ENG 390-399) or genre (ENG 334, 335, 338, 339) courses; ENG 218; ENG 332; FLG 250; 
and either ENG 2 1 3 or ENG 336 (48 credits). 

Minor (Literature): ENG 200; ENG 221 or 222; two from ENG 225, 226, 227, 228; two 
additional literature courses (18 credits). 

Minor (Communications): ENG 200, 213, 221 or 222; three additional communications 
courses (18 credits). 

Courses in English 

101,102. English as a Second Language. Emphasis on advanced reading, writing, listening, 
and speaking skills for students for whom English is the second language. The second 
semester is a continuation of the same skills. 3 credits. 



77 



111,112. English Composition I, II. Both semesters help the student find her or his own voice 
within the demands and expectations of public expression. Both courses emphasize the 
development of clear, organized, and rhetorically effective written prose. 1 12 also empha- 
sizes reading and research skills. Prerequisite for 112: 111 or permission of chairperson. 3 
credits. :■ 

200. Introduction to Literary Studies. An introduction to genres and to the basic methodol- 
ogy, tools, terminology, and concepts of the study of literature. 3 credits. 

210. Management Communications. The development of reading, writing, speaking and 
listening skills for business management. Prerequisite: ENG 1 1 1,1 12 or permission. 
3 credits. 

213. Journalism. The development of the basic skills of journalistic writing such as 
interviewing, covering meetings, gathering and reporting news and features according to 
standard formats and styles; the course also discusses legal and ethical aspects of journalism. 
Prerequisite: ENG 1 1 1,1 12 or permission. 3 credits. 

216. Technical Writing. The development of writing skills within the context of specialized, 
usually technical or scientific, subject matters, with emphasis on style and forms. Prerequi- 
site: ENG 1 1 1 and 1 12 or permission. 3 credits. 

218. Oral Communication. Introduction to oral communication, both formal and informal. 
3 credits. 

219. Creative Writing: Fiction. A workshop in writing short fiction. 3 credits. 

220. Creative Writing: Poetry. A workshop in writing poetry. 3 credits. 




Personal attention hy faculty 

ensures that course 

requirements are met. 



78 



221. Survey of American Literature I. A survey of selected major American authors from 
the colonial period to about 1880. 3 credits. 

222. Survey of American Literature IL A survey of selected major American authors from 
about 1880 to the present. 3 credits. 

225. Survey of English Literature L A survey of selected major English authors to about 
1800. 3 credits. 

226. Survey of English Literature IL A survey of selected major English authors from about 
1800 to the present. 3 credits. 

227. World Literature L A survey of selected major writers from the early Hebrews and 
Greeks to the Renaissance. 3 credits. 

228. World Literature IL A survey of selected major writers from the Renaissance to the 
present. 3 credits. 

31L Feature Writing. Instructions and practice in writing feature articles for newspapers, 
trade journals, and magazines; free lance marketing and market analysis. Prerequisite: ENG 
213. 3 credits. 

312. Radio and TV Writing. Theory and technique of writing news and features for broadcast 
media. Editing and rewriting press association dispatches, gathering local news, recording 
interviews, and preparing newscasts and feature programs. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

313. Advertising Copy and Layout. Principles and techniques of copy writing; selection and 
presentation of sales points; creative strategy in production of layouts. Prerequisite: ENG 
213. 3 credits. 

314. Public Relations. Purposes and methods of modem public relations as practiced by 
business and industry, organizations and institutions, trades and professions. Public opinion 
evaluation. Planning of public relations programs. Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

375. Editing. Editing theory and exercises in copyreading, rewriting, and headlining. 
Prerequisite: ENG 213. 3 credits. 

331. History and Traditional Grammar of English. An examination of the evolution of 
English sounds, grammatical forms, and vocabulary, as well as a survey of conventions and 
current usage. 3 credits. 

332. Theory of Composition. A study of ancient and modem ideas on the writing process and 
the teaching of writing. 3 credits. 

334. The Novell. A survey of the development of the novel from the beginning of the genre 

79 



through the Romantic period. 3 credits. 

335. The Novel II. A survey of the development of the novel from Realism to the present. 
3 credits. 

336. Theater Workshop. A workshop in the elements of theater with classroom practice in 
production of scenes and whole plays. 3 credits. 

338. Dramatic Literature I. A survey of dramatic literature from the Greeks to about 1 850, 
with attention to theater modes and techniques. 3 credits. 

339. Dramatic Literature II. A survey of dramatic literature from about 1 850 to the present, 
with attention to theater modes and techniques. 3 credits. 

341. Shakespeare I. A concentrated study of early Shakespearean drama, especially the 
comedies and the histories. 3 credits. 

342. Shakespeare II. A concentrated study of late Shakespearean drama, especially the 
tragedies and the romances. 3 credits. 

343-349. Major Authors. An examination of works of major authors in American, English, 
and World literature. 3 credits. 

390-399. Special Topics. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. The topics of this culmination of a liberal education in English vary. The 
course is taught as a seminar with much of the teaching being done by the students. 3 credits. 

Environmental Studies 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in environmental studies through the 
cooperative program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biology, economics, 
political science or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such students shall take BIO 111, 
1 12, 302; ECN 101, 102; MAS 161 or 1 1 1; MAS 170, regardless of major, and shall meet 
the general requirements of the college. See Cooperative Programs on page 25. 

Fine Arts (FAR) 

Course in Fine Arts 

FAR 160. The Aesthetic Experience. This interdisciplinary course looks at works of art as 
individual creative acts and as products of a specific socio-historical context. It introduces 
students to techniques of form and analysis in music, art and literature and also traces the 
changes and developments in these forms of expression during the 19th and 20th centuries. 
3 credits. 

80 



Foreign Language (FLG) 

(See also French, German, Greek, Japanese and Spanish) 

The Foreign Languages department is described on page 38. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in foreign language. 

Major: FLG 250, 24 credits above the intermediate level in one language, 12 credits above 
the intermediate level in a second language (39 credits). For teaching certification FLG 440 
is also required. 

Courses in Foreign Language 

250. Introduction to Linguistics. An introductory study of language as a communication 
system, designed for majors and non-majors and taught in English. 3 credits. 

260. Approaches to Culture. A survey of contemporary life in French, German and Spanish 
speaking countries. Topics may include customs, values, social structures, geography, and 
current issues. Taught in English. 3 credits. 

440. Methods of Teaching Foreign Language. A comprehensive study of modem teaching 
methods, with emphasis on basic skills for elementary through secondary school level 
instruction. Prerequisite: FRN 316, SPA 316, or GMN 316. 3 credits. 

Forestry 

Students interested in pursuing career preparation in forestry through the cooperative 
program ("3+2") with Duke University may major in biology, economics, political science 
or mathematics at Lebanon Valley. All such students shall take BIO 111, 112,302;ECN 101, 
1 02; MAS 1 6 1 or 11 1 ; MAS 1 70, regardless of major, and shall meet the general requirements 
of the college. See Cooperative Programs on page 25. 

French (FRN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 38. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in French. 

Major: 24 credits in French above the intermediate level, FLG 250 (27 credits). 

Minor: 18 credits in French above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced conversation 
and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 



Courses in French 

101,102. Elementary French I,IL Introductory courses in French. 3 credits per semester. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational French I, II. A review of French grammar, empha- 
sizing practice in conversation, comprehension, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: FRN 102 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to French Literature. Practice in the close reading of literary texts and in 
the basic language skills. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living French authors. Attention 
both to individual style, innovations in form, and the relationship of the writer to current 
problems. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. French Culture. A study of the major features of modem France. Prerequisite: FRN 202 
or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken and written 
French. An advanced grammatical and stylistic level with emphasis on the use of language 
in practical situations. Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business French. An introduction to the language of business and business practices. 
Prerequisite: FRN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. French Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of medieval French 
literature to 1600. Prerequisite: FRN 3 1 1 or 3 16 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. French Literature of the Age of Louis XFV. A study of major French authors of this era, 
the apogee of French civilization, including Comeille, Racine, Moliere. Prerequisite: FRN 
31 1 or FRN 3 16 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. French Literature of the Enlightenment. A study of the main literary and philosophical 
currents of the eighteenth century. Emphasis on the works of Montesquieu, Diderot, Voltaire, 
and Rousseau. Prerequisite: FRN 3 1 1 or FRN 3 1 6 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. The Modern French Novel. A study of the French novel. Limited to the study of novels 
of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: FRN 3 1 1 or FRN 3 1 6 or permission. 
3 credits. 

450. Modern Theatre and Poetry of France. A study of theater and poetry of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: FRN 31 1 or FRN 316 or permission. 3 credits. 



82 



General Studies 

Associate Degree 

The associate degree program in general studies is intended for students who do not wish to 
concentrate in a single area. In this program students select their courses freely from among 
the arts, humanities, sciences, and social sciences. 

Degree: Associate of Arts or Associate of Science with a major in General Studies. Open only 
to students matriculated through the Continuing Education Office. 

Requirements: 27 credits from the general requirements including ENG 111, 112, and one 
course from each of the liberal studies and foreign studies areas; 33 credits of free electives; 
a cumulative grade point average of 2.00. 

Geography (GPY) 

Courses in geography are offered to acquaint students with the physical and cultural aspects 
of the world in which they live and to introduce them to geography as a discipline. The courses 
are recommended for all students who wish to broaden their understanding of the world. 

Courses in Geography 

111. Physical Geography. A survey of the physical aspects of the earth and its impact on life. 
Attention is given to the solar system, the earth's movements, climate, weather, landforms, 
ecology, environmental awareness, and the processes that form and change the earth's 
surface. Students explore through current events, geographic searches, slides, lectures, and 
discussions the impact that physical geography has on their everyday lives. Requirement for 
elementary education certification. Prerequisite: Elementary Education major or permission 
of instructor. 3 credits. 

211. American Cultural Geography. A study of how the natural environment has influenced 
the historic development of American culture, including the geographic distribution of 
population groups, religious denominations and practices, language patterns, architectural 
styles, and the like. 3 credits. 

212. Cultural Geography. A survey of the various geographic regions of the world and their 
cultural features, including their natural resources, economy, social and religious customs, 
food supply, populations, ecology, and topical geography. Students explore the events and 
forces that have divided the globe into two basic sets of countries, those of the technological 
world and those of the developing world. Special attention is given to heightening students' 
international awareness and appreciation for diverse cultures. 3 credits. 

German (GMN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 38. 

83 



Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in German. 

Major: 24 credits in German above the intermediate level; FLG 250. (27 credits). 

Minor: 1 8 credits in German above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced conversation 
and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in German 

101,102. Elementary German 1,11. Introductory courses in German. 3 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational German 1,11. A review of German grammar, with 
practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: GMN 102 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

210. Scientific German. An introduction to scientific writing in German. The vocabulary and 
syntax of scientific writing with emphasis on the accurate translations of texts. Taught in 
English. Prerequisite: GMN 102. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to German Literature. Practice in the careful reading of literary texts and 
in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living German authors. Attention 
both to individual style and the relationship of the writer to current problems. Prerequisite: 
GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

375. German Culture. Study of the major features of contemporary German life. Prerequi- 
site: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken and written 
German on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on the use of the 
language in practical situations. Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business German. An introduction to the language of business and business practices. 
Prerequisite: GMN 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. The German Heritage. A survey of German culture and civilization including history, 
music, art, literature, and philosophy. Prerequisite: GMN 3 1 1 or 3 1 6 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. The Age of Heroes. An exploration of the idea held by writers from the medieval through 
the baroque periods that an exemplary individual is the proper measure and focus of human 
aspiration and achievement. Prerequisite: GMN 31 1 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Goethe and Schiller. A study of these literary figures, with an examination of their 
society and artistic achievements. Prerequisite: GMN 31 1 or 316 or permission.3 credits. 

84 



440. The German Novelle. The novelle as a literary genre and its development through the 
nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: GMN 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

450. German Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of representative works by 
leading authors of the century and current literary movements. Prerequisite: GMN 3 1 1 or 3 1 6 
or permission. 3 credits. 

Greek (GRK) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 38. 

Courses in Greek 

101,102. Elementary Greek I,II. Introductory study in the basics of ancient Greek. 3 credits. 

Health Care Management 

The Management Department is described on page 41. 

The major in health care management is designed for people in health care fields who possess 
an associate degree or diploma and professional certification. These qualifications are 
required for admission to the program. The program combines studies in the liberal arts and 
management, plus business practices common to the health care industry. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in health care management. 

Major: KCI 161, 162, ECN 101, 102, 315,ENG 111,210, LSP 100, MGT 233, 330, 487, 
PHL 360; SOC 324; 9-1 2 credits in sociology, psychology, or other disciplines approved by 
the director of continuing education; and any four of the following courses ( 1 2 credits): MAS 
170, MGT 322, 340, 350, 361, 371, 372, 384, 420, 425 (60-63 total). 

Admission to this degree program is open only to adults who have completed successfully 
an accredited diploma or associate degree program also with certification by a state 
governmental agency or a national professional accrediting organization in the following 
fields: Clinical Medical Assistant, Cytotechnologist, Dental Hygienist, Emergency Medical 
Technician, Medical Laboratory Technician, Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Occupational 
Therapy Assistant, Physical Therapy Assistant, Radiologic Technologist, Registered Nurse, 
Respiratory Therapist. 

Health Professions 

See Allied Health Professions on page 25 or Pre-Medical, Pre-Dentistry, or Pre- Veterinary 
on page 113. 



85 



Histoiy (HIS) ;v ' 

The History Department is described on page 40. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in history. 

Major: History is a two-track major. 

The standard history major requires HIS 101, 102, 125, 126, 251, 253, two upper-level 
courses in American history, two upper-level courses in European history (from HIS 205, 
206, 207), two non-western history courses and two elective upper-level courses in history.' 
For students attending graduate school, HIS 499 is strongly recommended (42 credits). 

For students seeking secondary education certification to teach social studies, a history major 
requires HIS 101, 102, 125, 126, 251, 253, one upper-level course in American history, one 
upper-level course in European history (from HIS 205, 206, 207), one non-western history 
course and one elective upper-level course in history (30 credits). 

Minor: HIS 101, 102, 125, 126, 251, 253; one upper-level course in American history and 
one upper-level course in European history (from HIS 205, 206, 207) (24 credits). 

Courses in History 

101. Western Civilization to the Fourteenth Century. The development of the western world 
from its Near Eastern and Mediterranean origins to the eve of the Renaissance. 3 credits. 

102. Western Civilization since the Fourteenth Century. A study of how life in the late 
twentieth century has been influenced by historical developments in Europe and America, 
including the growth of science, the rise of nation states, social classes and values, and 
changing views of the world. 3 credits. 

725. Survey of United States History I. The story of America from Columbus to the Civil 
War. 3 credits. 

126. Survey of United States History H. The story of America from Reconstruction to the 
present. 3 credits. 

173. History of Africa. African civilization from its origins in the ninth century to the present 
day, with emphasis on the impact of colonialism, regional distinctions, and the emergence 
of independent states. 3 credits. 

775. History of Latin America. Latin American civilization from its origins to the present, 
with emphasis on the impact of colonialism, the emergence of independent states, relation- 
ships with the United States, and the modern regional distinctions. 3 credits. 



86 



777. History of the Middle East. Middle Eastern civilization from the rise of Islam to the 
present, with emphasis on the Arabian peninsula, the Fertile Crescent, Iran, Turkey, and 
Egypt, particularly after 1914. The origins and development of the modem state of Israel are 
also analyzed. 3 credits. 

205. Early Modern Europe. The Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and the 
development of national political states, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries. 3 credits. 

206. Revolution & Nationalism, 1789-1914. A study of the effects of the French Revolution 
and the Industrial Revolution on Europe. Particular attention is paid to the rise of class 
antagonisms and national rivalries. 3 credits. 

207. Europe in the 20th Century. Developments in Europe from 1914 to the present, with 
particular attention to the impact of the world wars. 3 credits. 

225. The American Revolution. An in-depth study of why Americans declared their 
independence and how they won the Revolution and worked to build a republic in a hostile 
world of monarchies. Particular attention is paid to major issues on which historians of the 
period disagree. 3 credits. 

226. Age of Jefferson & Jackson. How the old republican ideal of a virtuous agrarian society 
struggles to confront the new age of economic modernization, social diversity, and sectional 
tension. 3 credits. 

227. Civil War and Reconstruction. A study of how sectional divisions over slavery led to 
a bloody war and a bitter postwar effort to reshape Southern society. 3 credits. 

229. America in the Atomic Age. The impact of World War II, the cold war, social change, 
and international responsibilities upon America since 1941. 3 credits. 

251. History and Historians. The first half of this course covers the lives and ideas of the great 
historians from ancient times to the modem world; the second half of the course covers recent 
interpretations of American history. 3 credits. 

253. Public History. An introduction to non-teaching careers in history. Students examine 
the basics of archival management, museum curatorship, editing, oral history, and special- 
ized work in govemment, corporations, historical societies, libraries, and preservation 
agencies. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as American Studies 253.} 

271. History ofChina and Japan. An analysis of political, economic and cultural institutions 
of China and Japan with special emphasis on the westem impact on these institutions after 
1500. 3 credits. 

301. European Social History. An inquiry into the lives and experiences of ordinary folk. 
Topics include women, laboring classes, and popular culture. 3 credits. 

87 



303. Nazi Germany and World War II. A look in depth at the nature of totaUtarianism, the 
German experience, the growth of the Nazi party, the emergence of Hitler, and the Holocaust. 
3 credits. ; ., . . " 

307. Survey of Russian History. The development of Russia and the Soviet Union from 
Kievan beginnings to the present, with emphasis upon the period since 1600. 3 credits. 

321. American Social and Cultural History to 1860. An analysis of immigration and 
ethnicity, the role of women, the frontier, rural and urban life, the underclass, religion, 
utopianism, education, literature, the arts, science, intellectual life, reform movements and 
other factors influencing society. 3 credits. 

322. American Social and Cultural History Since 1860. An analysis of immigration and 
ethnicitiy, the role of women, the frontier, industrialization, urbanization, the underclass, 
religion, education, literature, the arts, science and technology, intellectual life, reform 
movements and other factors intluencing society. 3 credits. 

325. American Business History to 1920. An analysis of the role of business in America from 
the colonial period to 1920. Topics include managerial leadership, entrepreneurship, the 
development of the American economy, and the relationships between business, govern- 
ment, trade unionism and society. 3 credits. (Cross listed as Management 325.} 

326. American Business History Since 1920. An analysis of the role of business in America 
during the twentieth century. Topics include managerial leadership, entrepreneurship, the 
development of the American economy, and the relationships between business, govern- 
ment, trade unionism, and society. 3 credits. {Cross listed as Management 326. } 

327. American Military History. An analysis of American military institutions from Old 
World tradition to the post-Persian Gulf era with emphasis on the United States Army. 3 
credits. 

499. Seminar. A comprehensive study of an important historical topic. May be taken more 
than once on different topics. Some seminars may emphasize reading and evaluating 
important works of history; others may emphasize the writing of a research paper based on 
original sources. 3 credits. 

Honors (HON) . • 

The Honors program and courses are described on page 23. 

Hotel Management (HTM) 

The Management Department is described on page 41. 

Df-g/Te.' Bachelor of Science with a major in hotel management. 



Ma/o/v HTM 11 1,1 12, 21 1,222, 231, 31 1,322, 331, 41 1,422,431; ACT 161, 162; ECN 101; 
MGT 330, 340, 420, 485; ENG 210; PHL 360 (60 credits). 

Minor: HTM 111, 1 12, 21 1, 222, 231, 311; ACT 161 (21 credits). 

Courses in Hotel Management 

111. Introduction to the Hospitality Industry. History, development and operation of the 
hospitality industry. Emphasis on current organization, problems, opportunities and trends. 
Overview of how the hospitality industry functions in the world economy. Management 
orientation stressed. 3 credits. 

112. Front Office Management. An analysis of the integrated functions of the front office 
and housekeeping departments. Topics include work and information flow within and 
between departments, demand forecasting, pricing strategies, reservations and control, front 
desk responsibilities, guest services, emergency procedures, night auditing, and a general 
introduction to the art of innkeeping. Materials, equipment and techniques involved in the 
housekeeping function will also be analyzed. Prerequisite: HTM 111.3 credits. 

211. Hotel Law. Fundamentals of hotel law including innkeeper laws and dramshop laws. 
The case study method develops an awareness and understanding of the legal problems 
confronting hotel managers. 3 credits. 

221. The Psychology and Sociology of Leisure. An analysis of the fundamental psychologi- 
cal and sociological concepts and theories related to the motivation for travel. Review of 
consumer behavior in the hotel industry. Evaluating customer needs and services. Prerequi- 
site: HTM 1 1 1 or permission. 3 credits. 

222. Food and Beverage Management I. Introduction to the food and beverage functions 
with emphasis on menu planning and purchasing. Includes fundamentals and language, 
systems, equipment, operational responsibilities, management organizational patterns, nu- 
trition, storage, and sanitation. Prerequisite: HTM 111.3 credits. 

231. Supervised Field Experience: Front Office Management. Emphasizes selected 
aspects of front office management. Accompanied by readings, reports, journals, and faculty 
conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work in the hotel industry. 
Prerequisite: HTM 112 and permission. 3 credits. 

311. Advanced Hotel Management. An analysis of the following aspects of hotel organiza- 
tions: health, safety and security; building and grounds; equipment purchase, repair and 
maintenance; facilities design; renovation and maintenance; internal controls; and energy 
management. Prerequisite: HTM 112. 3 credits. 

322. Food and Beverage Management II. Analysis of the food and beverage functions with 
emphasis on production and services. Prerequisite: HTM 112. 3 credits. 

89 



331. Supervised Field Experience: Marketing. Emphasizes selected aspects of marketing 
techniques and research. Accompanied by readings, reports, journals, and faculty confer- 
ences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field work in the hotel industry. Prerequisite: 
HTM 112, MGT 340 and permission. 3 credits. 

411. Hotel Financial Management. To develop an understanding of common techniques 
and methods by which management in the hospitality industry can interpret, analyze, and 
make decisions based on information provided by the accounting system. Prerequisite: ACT 
161,162. 3 credits. 

422. Food and Beverage Management III. Advanced analyses of the food and beverage 
functions with emphasis on cost control and profit planning. Relevant computer software 
applications are reviewed in depth. Prerequisite: HTM 322. 3 credits. 

431. Supervised Field Experience: Accounting and Finance. Emphasizes selected aspects 
of accounting and financial management concepts and techniques. Accompanied by read- 
ings, reports, journals, and faculty conferences. One hundred thirty-five (135) hours of field 
work in the hotel industry. 3 credits. 

Individualized Major 

The option of an individualized major is available to students who desire a field of 
concentration which is not substantially addressed by any one department. The faculty 
represents a diverse set of interests and perspectives that provides a considerable resource for 
those students who would like to develop a major around concerns that do not fall into 
traditional disciplinary areas. As a liberal arts institution, the college and its faculty are 
willing to help a student develop a program of study using interdisciplinary courses. 

A student planning an individualized major should prepare an application which includes 
courses relevant to the topic and secure the written endorsement of at least two faculty 
advisers for the proposed major which shall consist of at least 24 credits above the 100 level. 

The student should submit the application to the vice president of the college and dean of the 
faculty for final approval. The student will work closely with the advisers. Any changes in 
the program must be submitted to the dean for approval. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree (depending upon concentration) 
with an individualized major. 

Requirements: Those courses specified within the approved individualized major plus those 
courses to meet the general requirements of the college. 

Interdisciplinary Courses (DSP) 

DSP 390. Special Topics. This number designates a special topics course in the disciplinary 

90 



perspectives component of the General Education Program. Faculty may make use of this 
opportunity to design a course outside normal departmental offerings. The course selection 
booklet which appears before registration each semester will describe individual courses in 
this category. 3 credits. 

International Business 

The program in International Business is offered jointly by the Foreign Languages 
Department, described on page 38, and the Management Department, described on page 41 . 

The program in international business provides an opportunity to integrate the study of 
business with the knowledge of a foreign language and culture. It is designed to equip 
students with the background and skills necessary to work with foreign corporations within 
the United States and with American corporations abroad. While acquiring a strong liberal 
arts background, students who elect this major will receive training in accounting, 
management, economics and political science. They also will become familiar with a foreign 
culture and will acquire proficiency in French, German or Spanish. International business 
majors are encouraged to apply for internships to gain valuable field experience. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in international business. 

Mayo/v ACT 161, 162; ECN 101, 102, 332; MGT 233, 330, 340, 361, 376, 485; two courses 
from PSC 1 30, 2 1 0, or 3 1 2; MAS 1 50 or 1 6 1 or 1 1 1 ; MAS 1 70 or 270, or 372; FRN, GMN, 
SPA 315,316; and two other courses in the selected foreign language above the intermediate 
level (57 credits). 

Japanese (JPN) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 38. 

Courses in Japanese 

101,102. Elementary Japanese 1,11. Introductory courses in Japanese. 4 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Japanese 1,11. A continuation of Japanese grammar, 
and practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: JPN 102 or 
equivalent. 4 credits. 

Leadership Studies (LSP) 

The Leadership Studies program and courses are described on page 23. 

Management (MGT) 

The Management Department is described on page 41. 

91 



Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in management. 

Major: ACT 161, 162; ECN 101, 102; ENG 210; MGT 233, 322, 330, 340, 361, 371, 460, 
483, 485; MAS 150 (or 111 or 161); MAS 170 (or 270 or 372); PHL 360 (51 credits). 

Mmo/-.ACT151orl61;ECN101;MGT233orCSC125;MGT330,340,371;3credithours 
of management electives (18 credits). 

Courses in Management 

100. Business and Its Environment. An overview of business operations for the non- 
business major. Specialized fields within business organizations are analyzed. The environment 
and the role of business in modern society are examined. Not open to accounting, economics, 
management, or international business majors. 3 credits. 

233. Computer Applications in Business. An introduction to personal computers and their 
use as a business management tool. Through classroom instruction and laboratory exercises 
students learn computer applications that influence managerial decision-making processes. 
Topics include word processing, business graphics, electronic spreadsheets and database 
management. Prerequisite: ACT 1 5 1 or 1 6 1 , ECN 1 1 or 1 02, or permission. 3 credits. { Cross 
listed as Accounting 233 and Economics 233. } 

250. Real Estate Fundamentals and Practice. This course acquaints the student with aspects 
of listing, selling, and leasing property. Includes listing and selling techniques; contracts; 
financing including FHA and VA; qualifying the customer; settlement procedures including 
prorations; and special fields of real estate such as development and construction. 3 credits. 

322. Quantitative Methods. An introduction to some of the quantitative methods used in 
modem management and economics. Topics include probability concepts, forecasting, 
decision theory, linear programming, queuing theory, network models, and Markov analysis. 
Prerequisites; C- or above in MAS 150 and 170, and junior standing. 3 credits. {Cross-listed 
as Economics 322. } 

325. American Business History to 1920. An analysis of the role of business in America from 
the colonial period to 1920. Topics include managerial leadership, entrepreneurship, the 
development of the American economy, and the relationships between business, govern- 
ment, trade unionism and society. 3 credits. {Cross listed as History 325.} 

326. American Business History Since 1920. An analysis of the role of business in America 
during the twentieth century. Topics include managerial leadership, entrepreneurship, the 
development of the American economy, and the relationships between business, govern- 
ment, trade unionism and society. 3 credits. {Cross listed as History 326. } 

330. Principles of Management and Organizations. A study of management principles, 
organizational theory, and administrative techniques as applied to the effective and efficient 

92 



operation of both profit and nonprofit organizations. Emphasizes the organization's 
structure, leadership, interpersonal relationships, and managerial functions. Prerequisite: 
junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

340. Principles of Marketing. An overview of marketing from the management perspective. 
Topics include marketing strategies; marketing research; consumer behavior; selecting 
target markets; developing, pricing, distributing, and promoting products and services and 
non-profit marketing. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

341. Consumer Behavior. Analysis of factors affecting purchase decisions in the market- 
place; application of behavioral and social science concepts to the study of consumer 
behavior. Emphasis on use of knowledge of consumer behavior for marketing decisions. 
Prerequisite: MGT 330 and MGT 340, or permission. 3 credits. 

350. Organizational Behavior and Development. A detailed study of theories and models 
of organizational behavior and development, with emphasis on the practical application of 
these models in the workplace to improve individual, group, and organizational performance. 
Prerequisite: junior standing and MGT 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

361. Managerial Finance. A study of financial management covering analysis of asset, 
liability and capital relationships and operations; management of current assets and working 
capital; capital planning and budgeting; capital structure and dividend policy; short and 
intermediate term financing; internal and external long term financing; mergers and acqui- 
sitions; multinational operations; and corporation failures and liquidation. Prerequisite: ACT 
152 or ACT 162; ECN 101, 102; MGT 322. 3 credits. 

362. Investments. An analysis of investment and its relation to other economic, legal, and 
social institutions. The course includes discussion of investment principles, machinery, 
policy, management investment types, and the development of portfolios for individuals and 
institutions. Prerequisite: MGT 361. 3 credits. 

364. Advertising. The role advertising plays in American life and its effect upon consumer 
behavior. Analysis of media strategies, functions of advertising agencies, creation of 
successful advertisements, and the legal and ethical restraints on advertising. Prerequisite: 
MGT 340. 3 credits. 

371. Business Law I. Elementary principles of law relating to the field of business. The 
course covers contracts, government regulation of business, consumer protection, bank- 
ruptcy, personal property, real estate, bailments, insurance and estates. 3 credits. 

372. Business Law II. A study of the elementary principles of law relating to business. 
Covers the areas of: agency, employment, commercial paper, security devices, partnerships, 
corporation, estates. 3 credits. 

376. International Business Management. Studies management techniques and procedures 

93 



in international and multinational organizations. Prerequisite: MGT 340. 3 credits. 

380. Small Business Management. A study of small business, including organization, 
staffing, production, marketing, and profit planning. Cases are used extensively in presenting 
the course material. Prerequisite: ACT 152 or 162, MGT 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

384. Marketing Research. This course is an introduction to the methodology of marketing 
research. Specific topics covered include problem formulation, research design, sample 
design, data collection, analysis and interpretation of data, and presentation of research 
findings. Prerequisite: MGT 330 and MGT 340. 3 credits. 

420. Human Resource Management. This course examines the problems in effectively 
recruiting, selecting, training, developing, compensating, and disciplining human resources. 
It includes discussions on both equal employment opportunity and labor-management 
relations. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or permission. 3 credits. 

425. Labor Management Relations. Emphasizes origin, growth, and development of labor 
organizations and their impact on management practices. Topics include: legislation affect- 
ing industrial relations; collective bargaining; contract administration; industrial jurisprudence; 
and arbitration. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or permission. 3 credits. 

460. Management Information Systems. Examines data sources and the role of information 
in the organization for purposes of management planning, operations, and control in various 
types of business environments. Treats information as a key organization resource parallel 
to people, money, materials, and technology. Prerequisite: ACT 1 52 or 1 62, MGT 233, MGT 
330, or permission. 3 credits. 

480. Contemporary Issues in Management. A study of contemporary issues that managers 
will be called upon to deal with in the management of business and organizations. Topics will 
include: drug testing in the workplace, the effect of AIDS in business, dual career couples, 
sexual harassment, stress and executive burnout, equal employment opportunity, benefits, 
business ethics, unions and management, non-smoking policies, eldercare, childcare and the 
workplace. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

483. Production and Operations Management. An overview of the production/operations 
management function as applied to both manufacturing and service organizations. It provides 
a background of the concepts and processes used in the production/service operations area. 
Integrated throughout are considerations of the information systems, the people involved, the 
quantitative techniques employed, and the international implications. Prerequisite: MGT 
322 and MGT 330, or permission. 3 credits. 

485. Business Policy. A capstone course to study administrative processes under conditions 
of uncertainty, integrating prior studies in management, accounting, and economics. Uses 
case method and computer simulation. Prerequisites: MGT 330, 340, 361 and senior 
standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

94 



487. Health Care Management. A capstone course to study the administrative processes of 
America's health care industry including institutional infra-structure, governance systems, 
financial systems, personnel systems, quality controls, nursing and clinical services, and 
marketing. The course integrates prior study in health care, management, accounting, and 
economics. Students will develop problem solving skills and an appropriate management 
style. Prerequisite: senior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

Mathematics (MAS) 

The Mathematical Sciences Department is described on page 43. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in mathematics. 

Major: MAS 111,112, 202, 222, 25 1 , five additional MAS courses numbered 200 or higher 
subject to: no more than one numbered below MAS 300, at least one of 270 or 372, at least 
oneof 322,325,411, 412, atleastoneof 335, 363; MAS498,MAS499;CSC125(39credits). 

Muwr: MAS 161, 162, 202, 222, 251, and one MAS course numbered 300 or higher; CSC 
125 (22 credits). 

The mathematics minor is not available for actuarial science majors. No course outside of the 
core (MAS 111,112, 202, 222, CSC 125) may be used to meet the requirements of more than 
one major or minor within the Department of Mathematical Sciences. 

Courses in Mathematics 

100. Concepts of Mathematics. A study of a variety of topics in mathematics. Topics may 
include: patterns and inductive reasoning, calculators, number systems, nature of algebra, 
interest, installment buying, and geometric concepts. 3 credits. 

102. Pre-Calculus, Algebra and Trigonometry. A review of college algebra and trigonom- 
etry. Algebraic expressions and equations, inequalities, absolute value, exponents, logarithms, 
functional notation, graphs of functions, systems of equations, modeling and work problems, 
angular measurement, trigonometric functions, identities, formulas, radian measure, graphs 
of trigonometric and inverse functions. 3 credits. 

111,112. Analysis 1,11. A rigorous calculus sequence for departmental majors and other 
students desiring a theoretical presentation of elementary calculus. Prerequisite: placement 
testing or MAS 102. 5 credits per semester. 

150. Finite Mathematics. Introduction to finite mathematics with emphasis on economic and 
business applications. Topics include: sets, lines and systems of equations, matrices, linear 
programming, probability, statistics, Markov processes, mathematics of finance. 3 credits. 

161. Calculus 1. The first course of a calculus sequence with emphasis on applications. 

95 



Functions and limits, differentiation, integration, introduction to logarithm and exponential 
functions. Prerequisite: placement testing or MAS 102. 3 credits. 

162. Calculus II. Continuation of topics from MAS 161. Additional applications of 
differentiation and integration, logarithm and exponential functions, inverse trigonometric 
and hyperbolic functions, improper integrals, Hopital's rule, infinite series, and conic 
sections. Prerequisite: MAS 161.4 credits. 

170. Elementary Statistics. Elementary descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics include: 
graphical representation, measure of central tendency, probability, binomial distribution, 
normal distribution, hypothesis testing, and estimation. 3 credits. 

202. Foundations of Mathematics. Introduction to logic, set theory and cardinal numbers. 
Prerequisite: MAS 1 12 or MAS 162. 3 credits. __ 

211. Analysis III. Continuation of Analysis I,II and Calculus I and II. Prerequisite: MAS 112 
or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

222. Linear Algebra. Vectors, matrices, and systems of equations. Prerequisite: MAS 112 
or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

257. Discrete Mathematics. Introduction to mathematical ideas used in computing and the 
information sciences: logic, boolean algebra, sets and sequences, matrices, combinatorics, 
induction, relations, and finite graphs. Prerequisite: MAS 1 1 1 or MAS 161.3 credits. 

266. Differential Equations. First and second order differential equations, partial differential 
equations. Prerequisite: MAS 211.3 credits. 

270. Intermediate Statistics. An advanced version of MAS 170. Prerequisite: MAS 1 11,161 
or permission of instructor. 3 credits. (Credit may not be received for both MAS 1 70 and 270.) 

322. Abstract Algebra. Fundamentals of groups, rings, fields. Prerequisite: MAS 222. 3 
credits. 

325. Geometry. Axiomatic development of Absolute, Euclidean and non-Euclidean geom- 
etries. Prerequisite: MAS 1 12 or MAS 162. 3 credits. 

335. Operations Research I. Linear programming, dynamic programming, integer program- 
ming, queueing theory, project scheduling, stochastic simulation, and decision analysis. 
Prerequisite: MAS 222,371. 3 credits. 

336. Operations Research II. Continuation of topics from MAS 335, and selected topics 
from goal programming, network analysis, game theory, stochastic processes, inventory 
theory, forecasting, and reliability. Prerequisite: MAS 335. 3 credits. 



96 



342. Teaching Mathematics. A course for those preparing to teach mathematics at the 
secondary level. Topics include: issues and trends in mathematics education, history of 
mathematical pedagogy, enrichment and professional development resources, teaching 
techniques, and use of technology. Prerequisite: Core. 3 credits. 

363. Numerical Computation. A survey with topics from: finite arithmetic, root-finding 
algorithms, numerical integration and differentiation, interpolation, systems of equations, 
splines, numerical solution of differential equations, Monte Carlo methods, optimization, 
least squares. Prerequisite: MAS 1 12 or MAS 162 and CSC 125. 3 credits. 

371. Mathematical Probability. Random variables, discrete and continuous and distribu- 
tions. Prerequisite: MAS 112. 3 credits. 

372. Mathematical Statistics. A theoretical introduction to estimation, tests of hypotheses, 
regression, and analysis of variance. Prerequisite: MAS 371. 3 credits. 

411. Real Analysis. Topology of the real numbers. Continuity, convergence. Measure theory, 
Lebesque Integration. Prerequisite: Core. 3 credits. 

412. Functions of a Complex Variable. Analytic functions. Cauchy theorem, conformal 
mapping. Prerequisite: Core. 3 credits. 

471. Applied Statistics. An application oriented presentation of analysis of variance, 
regressions, and time series analysis. Prerequisite: MAS 372. 3 credits. 

498. Problem Solving/Recreational Math. A survey of interesting, challenging, and enter- 
taining problems with emphasis on problem solving techniques. Prerequisite: Core. 1 credit. 

499. Famous Problems. A survey of famous problems from mathematics; solved and 
unsolved, ancient and modem. Prerequisite: Core. 1 credit. 

Medical Technology 

Degree: Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology 

Major: BIO 11 1 , 11 2, 306, 322, eight additional credits in biology; CHM 111,112,113,114, 
213, 214, 215, 216; PHY 103, 104; MAS 170 (51 credits). The senior year is spent off- 
campus at an accredited hospital school of medical technology. It is the student ' s responsibility 
to apply and become accepted into a hospital program. Thirty (30) semester hours of credit 
are awarded for the successful completion of this year. 

In addition to the degree described above, Lebanon Valley College also offers a cooperative 
program in medical technology with Thomas Jefferson University and a "2-1-3" program with 
Hahnemann University, both in Philadelphia. The programs are described on pages 25 and 
26. 

97 



Militai-y Science (MIL) 

The Military Science program is described on page 47. ' 

Requirements: MIL 101, 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 402; HIS 327. 

Courses in Military Science 

101,102. Introduction to Military Science. Emphasizes developing self-confidence and 
bearing. Instruction and weekly practical training in the basic skills of map reading, 
rappelling, weapons, communications, first aid, tactical movements, customs, courtesies, 
public speaking, and leadership. Meets one hour per week, two or three Saturdays of 
adventure training and one formal social event each semester. 1 credit each semester. 

201,202. Application of Military Science. Advanced instruction in topics introduced in the 
first year. Participation in operations and basic tactics to demonstrate leadership problems 
and to develop leadership skills. Meets two hours per week each semester. Also two to three 
Saturdays of adventure training and one formal social event each semester. 1 credit each 
semester. 

301,302. Advanced Application of Military Science. Emphasis on leadership. Situations 
require direct interaction with other cadets and test the student's ability to meet goals and to 
get others to do the same. Students master basic tactical skills of the small unit leader. Meets 
two hours per week and selected weekends each semester. Prerequisite: Open only to 
Advanced Course cadets. 1 credit each semester. 

401,402. Command and Staff. Emphasis is placed on developing planning and decision- 
making capabilities in the areas of military operations, logistics, and administration. Meets 
two hours per week and selected weekends each semester. Prerequisite: Open only to 
Advanced Course cadets. 1 credit each semester. 

Music (MSC) 

The Music Department is described on page 48. 

Degrees: Bachelor of Arts in Music; Bachelor of Science in Music Education; and Bachelor 
of Music: Emphasis in Sound Recording Technology. 

Majors: Core courses in all music degree programs are: MSC 099, 1 15, 1 16, 1 17, 1 18, 215, 
217, 246, 328, 341 and 342. MSC 530 for B.S. and B.M. candidates, and MSC 540 for B.A. 
candidates. In addition, music majors will be in either MSC 601, 602, 603 or 604 each 
semester, exceptions noted previously. 

Music (B.A. ): Core courses plus: Piano concentration: MSC 216, 306, 316, 406 and 600; 
Voice concentration: MSC 2 1 6,233,326 and 327; Organ concentration: MSC 2 1 6, 3 1 6, 35 1 , 

98 



and 352; Instrumental concentration: MSC 216, 345, 403, 405 and 416; Sacred Music 
concentration: MSC 216, 347, 351 or 334, and 422; Theory/Composition concentration: 
MSC 216, 315, 329, 416 and 500: Senior Composition Project. 

Music Education (B.S.): Core courses plus: MSC 123, 124, 127, 216, 228, 231, 232, 316, 
333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 345 or 347, 416, 441, EDU 1 10, PSY 120, and 220. Music 
education majors are permitted to register for only one half-hour lesson in their principal 
performance medium during the student teaching semester if they are preparing a recital. 

Sound Recording Technology (B.M.): Core courses plus: SRT 277, 278, 377, 386, 388, 400, 
487, PHY 103, 104, 1 10, 212, 350, MAS 102 (or higher), CSC 125 or MGT 233. 

Minor: MSC 099 (two semesters), 100, 1 15, 1 16, 1 17, 341 or 342 plus one music literature 
elective: MSC 120,200,341 or 342. Minors also take MSC 530 for four semesters and must 
participate in a music ensemble for four semesters. 

Student Recitals 

Student recitals are of inestimable value to all music students in acquainting them with a wide 
range of the best music literature, and in developing musical taste and discrimination. 
Performing in a recital provides the experience of appearing before an audience and helps to 
develop self reliance and confident stage demeanor. Students at all levels of performance 
ability appear on regularly scheduled student recitals depending on their degree program, 
performance readiness, and in consultation with the private teacher. 

Courses in Music 

099. Recital Attendance. Designed for music majors and minors and graded on a Satisfac- 
tory/Unsatisfactory basis. Music core course. credits. 

100. Introduction to Music. For the non-music major, a survey of Western music designed 
to increase the individual's musical perception.. 3 credits. 

110. Class Piano for Beginners. 1 credit. 

111. Class Guitar for Beginners. Student provides their own instrument. 1 credit. 

7/5. Harmony I. A study of the rudiments of music and their notation. Harmonization of 
melodies and basses with fundamental triads. Analysis. Music core course. 2 credits. 

116. Harmony II. A study of diatonic tonal harmony, including all triads and seventh chords, 
nonharmonic material and elementary modulation. Music core course. 2 credits. 

777. Ear Training and Sight Singing I. The singing and aural recognition of intervals, scales, 
triads and simple harmonic progressions. Music core course. 2 credits. 

99 



118. Ear Training and Sight Singing II. A continuation of MSC 1 17, emphasizing clef 
reading, modality, modulation and more complicated rhythmic devices and harmonic 
patterns. Music core course. 2 credits. 

120. American Music History. A historical survey of American music emphasizing stylistic 
developments and illustrative musical examples from colonial times to the present. Includes 
American musical theater, jazz, folk and popular styles. 3 credits. 

123. Brass I. A study of the trumpet and trombone. Emphasis on pedagogical techniques. 
1 credit. 

124. Brass II. A study of the remainder of the brass family (horn, baritone, tuba). Emphasis 
on pedagogical techniques. Mixed brass ensemble experience. 1 credit. 

727. Percussion I. A study of the snare drum. 1/2 credit. 

200. Topics in Music. Designed primarily for the non-music major, the course will focus on 
genre and period studies. 3 credits. 

275. Harmony HI. A study of chromatic tonal harmony, including secondary dominants, 
augmented sixth chords, tertian extensions, altered chords and advanced modulation. Music 
core course. 2 credits. 

216. Harmony IV. A study of twentieth-century compositional techniques, including modal 
and whole-tone materials, quartal harmony, polychords, atonality, serialism and various 
rhythmic and metric procedures. 2 credits. 

277. Ear Training and Sight Singing HI. A continuation of MSC 118, emphasizing 
chromatic materials and more complex modulations, chord types, rhythms and meters. Music 
core course. 2 credits. 

220. Music in the Elementary School. A course designed to aid elementary education majors 
in developing music skills for the classroom, including the playing of instruments, singing, 
notation, listening, movement, and creative applications. 3 credits. { Cross-listed as Elemen- 
tary Education 220. } 

228. Percussion II. A study of the remainder of the percussion instruments (timpani, bass 
drum and others). 1/2 credit. 

237, Woodwind I. A study of the clarinet. 1 credit. 

232. Woodwind II. A study of the remainder of the woodwind family (flute, oboe, saxophone, 
bassoon). 1 credit. 

233. Diction. An introduction to the pronunciation of singer's English, German, French, 

100 



Italian, and Latin, utilizing the International Phonetic Alphabet. Required of voice concen- 
tration majors, the course is open to other students with permission of the instructor. 2 credits. 

246. Principles of Conducting. Principles of conducting and baton technique. Students 
conduct ensembles derived from class personnel. Music core course. 2 credits. 

280. Field Practicum in Music Education. Supervised field experiences in appropriate 
settings. Required pass/fail. Prerequisites: EDU 1 10 and permission. 1-3 credit(s). 

306. Piano Literature. A survey of the development of the piano and its literature with 
emphasis on piano methods books and related materials. 2 credits. 

315. Counterpoint. Introductory work in strict counterpoint through three- and four-part 
work in all the species. 2 credits. 

316. Keyboard Harmony. Score reading and the realization of figured bass at the keyboard, 
transposition, and improvisation. The successful completion of a piano jury is required for 
admission to the course. 2 credits. 

326. Vocal Literature. A survey of solo vocal literature with emphasis on teaching repertoire. 
Extensive listening is required. Students may have opportunities to perform the works 
studied. 2 credits. 

327. Vocal Pedagogy. This course prepares the advanced voice student to teach private 
lessons at the secondary school level. Students are expected to develop vocal exercise 
procedures, become familiar with suitable teaching repertoire and apply teaching procedures 
in a laboratory situation. Selected writings in vocal pedagogy and voice therapy will be 
studied. 2 credits. 

328. Form and Analysis I. A study through analysis and listening of simple and compound 
forms, variations, contrapuntal forms, rondo and sonata forms. Emphasis is placed primarily 
upon structural content. The course provides experience and skill in both aural and visual 
analysis. Music core course. 2 credits. 

329. Form and Analysis II. A study through analysis and listening of fugal forms, suite, 
complex sonata forms and techniques for analysis of certain contemporary styles of music. 
2 credits. 

333. Methods and Materials, General Music: Elementary. A comprehensive study of 
general music teaching at the elementary school level, the philosophy of music education, 
varied approaches for developing conceptual learning and music skills, creative applications, 
and analysis of materials. 3 credits. 

334. Choral Literature and Methods. A study of literature, materials, and approaches 
appropriate for choral and general music classes in grades 6-12. 3 credits. 

101 



335. Instrumental Literature and Methods. A study of literature, materials, philosophy, and 
methods applicable to the teaching of instrumental ensembles (including marching band) 
from elementary through high school levels. 3 credits. 

336. Music Education Field Practicum. Students are placed in schools one hour per week 
where they are involved in a teaching/learning environment. 1 credit. 

337. String I. A study of violin, viola, cello, string bass. 1 credit. 

338. String II. A continuation of MSC 337. 1 credit. 

341. History and Literature of Music I. A survey course in the history of Western music (in 
the context of world musics of various cultures), with emphasis on stylistic developments and 
illustrative musical examples, from early music through the Baroque era. 3 credits. 

342. History and Literature of Music II. A survey course in the history of Western music 
(in the context of world musics of various cultures), with emphasis on stylistic developments 
and illustrative musical examples, from the classical period to the present. Music core course. 
3 credits. 

345. Advanced Instrumental Conducting. Emphasis on practical work with instrumental 
groups. Rehearsal techniques are applied through individual experience. 2 credits. 

347. Advanced Choral Conducting. Emphasis is on advanced technique with and without 
baton, score preparation, interpretation and pedagogy relating to choral organizations. 2 
credits. 

351. Organ Literature. A historical survey of representative organ literature from earliest 
times to the present day. 2 credits. 

352. Organ Pedagogy. Designed with a practical focus, this course surveys various methods 
of organ teaching. Laboratory teaching and selection of appropriate technical materials for 
all levels are included. 2 credits. 

401. Instrument Repair. A laboratory course in diagnosing and making minor repair of band 
and orchestral instruments. 2 credits. 

403. Instrumental Pedagogy. A survey of teaching materials that relate to the student's 
performance area. Students may be expected to apply teaching procedures in a laboratory 
situation. 2 credits. 

405. Instrumental Literature. A survey of literature (solo and chamber) that relate to the 
student's performance area. 2 credits. 

406. Piano Pedagogy. A practical course that explores fundamental principles necessary to 

102 



For more than 125 

years, music has 

been an important 

part of the college' s 

liberal arts tradition. 




be an effective piano teacher. Subjects include practice techniques, memorization and the 
selection of appropriate technical materials for both beginners and advanced students. 
Laboratory teaching may be required of the student. 2 credits. 

416. Orchestration. A study of instrumentation and the devices and techniques for scoring 
transcriptions, arrangements and solos for orchestra and band, with special emphasis on 
practical scoring for mixed ensembles as they occur in public schools. Laboratory analysis 
and performance. Scoring of original works. 2 credits. 

422. Church Music Methods and Administration. A course that acquaints students with the 
total church music program. Topics include the development of a choir program, methods 
and techniques of rehearsal, budget preparation, and committee and pastoral relationships. 
3 credits. 

441. Student Teaching. Music education majors spend a semester in the music department 
of a school district under the supervision of cooperating teachers. Prerequisites: 

(1) a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.00 during the first six semesters 

(2) successful completion of piano and voice juries 

(3) completion of music core courses and MSC 1 23, 1 24, 1 27, 2 1 6, 228, 23 1 , 232, 3 1 6, 333, 
334 ,335, 336, including field experiences, 345 or 347 and EDU 1 10 

(4) approval of the music faculty. Students are responsible for transportation; the college 
cannot insure that student teaching placement can be in a local geographic area. 

6/6 for a total of 12 credits. 



500. Independent Study. See requirements on page 27. 1-3 credit(s). 

510. Class Piano Instruction. Designed for music majors with minimal piano skills. Prepares 
the student to meet the department piano proficiency requirements. 1 credit. 

103 



520. Class Voice Instruction. Designed for but not restricted to music majors with minimal 
vocal skills. Prepares the student to meet the department voice proficiency requirements. 1 
credit. 

530. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestral and Band Instruments). 1 credit. 

540. Individual Instruction (Voice, Piano, Orchestral and Band Instruments). 2 credits. 

600. Accompanying. Under the guidance of a piano instructor the piano concentration 
student prepares accompaniments for recital performance. One credit per semester is given 
for one solo recital or two half recitals. A maximum of two credits, usually distributed over 
the last three years, may be earned. 1-2 credit(s). 

Music Ensembles — 

601. Marching Band. The principal band experience during the fall semester open to all 
students by audition. Performs for home football games. Practical lab experience for music 
education majors. Each semester satisfies 1 credit of Physical Activity (Area 9) of the general 
education requirements. Satisfies large ensemble requirement. 1 credit. 

602. Symphonic Band. The principal band experience during the spring semester, open to 
all students by audition. The Symphonic Band performs original literature as well as 
arrangements of standard repertoire. Satisfies large ensemble requirement. 1 credit. 

603. Symphony Orchestra. A wide variety of symphonic literature is studied and performed. 
In the second semester the orchestra accompanies soloists in a concerto— aria concert and on 
occasion combines with choral organizations for the performance of a major work. Open to 
all students by audition. Satisfies large ensemble requirement. 1 credit. 

604. Concert Choir. Open to all students by audition, the Concert Choir performs all types 
of choral literature. In addition to local concerts, the choir tours annually. Satisfies large 
ensemble requirement. 1 credit. 

605. Chamber Choir. Open to all students by audition, the Chamber Choir performs chamber 
vocal literature from madrigals to vocal jazz. 1/2 credit. 

610. Woodwind Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Clarinet Choir. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 2. Flute Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 3. Woodwind Quintet. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 4. Saxophone Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

615. Brass Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Brass Quintet. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 2. Tuba Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

104 



Sec. 3. Low Brass Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 4. Valley Slides. 1/2 credit. 

616. Percussion Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

620. String Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

625. Jazz Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Jazz Band. 1/2 credit. 

Sec. 2. Small Jazz Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

630. Chamber Ensembles. 

Sec. 1. Guitar Ensemble. 1/2 credit. 

635. Handbell Choir. 

Sec. 1. Beginning. 1/2 credit. 
Sec. 2. Advanced. 1/2 credit. 



Courses in Sound Recording Technology 

277. Recording Technology I. An introduction to the fundamentals of sound recording 
technology. Topics include sound and listening, the basic audio chain, microphones, analog 
tape machines, basic mixers, and equipment interface. Mastery of the fundamentals will 
facilitate students to engineer simple and multi-microphone two-track stereo recordings. 
Prerequisite for non-majors: permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

278. Recording Technology II. This course begins with multi-track consoles and tape 
machines, and continues study of multi-track techniques and mixdown, microphone place- 
ment, reverberation, equalization, compressors and expanders, noise reduction, and the 
decibel. Emphasis is on critical listening and practical applications. Students learn to 
engineer multi-microphone, multi-track recordings and mixdown sessions. Prerequisite: 
SRT 277. 3 credits. 

377. Recording Technology III. This course examines advanced techniques of recording and 
mixing, special effects and digital effects processors, and analog tape machine theory and 
alignment. Also studied are digital technologies, and time code usage. Mastery of these topics 
will facilitate students to engineer multi-microphone multi-track production. Prerequisite: 
SRT 278. 3 credits. 

386. Recital Recording Practicum. Students record a chamber music performance, applying 
researched techniques, and produce a recording comparable to commercial release standards. 
Prerequisite: SRT 377. 1 credit. 

388. Audio Topics Practicum. Students study topics of individual interest, ranging from 

105 



research to production, technique, and maintenance. Prerequisite: SRT 377; non-majors 
require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

400. Internship. See requirements on page 26. 4 credits. 

487. Advanced Audio Topics Practicum. Students study senior level topics of individual 
interest including advanced research, applications, and production. Prerequisite: SRT 377; 
non-majors require permission of instructor. 3 credits. 

500. Independent Study. See requirements on page 27. 1-3 credit(s). 



Philosophy (PHL) -^. 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 57. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in philosophy. 

Major: PHL 120, 160, 300; at least one course from PHL 301-336; 12 additional credits in 
philosophy (24 credits). 

Minor: PHL 160, 300; at least one course from PHL 301-336; 9 additional credits in 
philosophy (18 credits). 

Courses in Philosophy 

110. Problems of Philosophy. Examination of major philosophical issues and the ways major 
philosophers have dealt with them. 3 credits. 

120. Basic Logic. An introduction to the rules of clear and effective thinking. Attention is 
given to the logic of meaning, the logic of valid inference, and the logic of factual inquiry. 
Main emphasis is upon deductive logic. Students are introduced to the elements of symbolic 
logic as well as to traditional modes of analysis. 3 credits. 

160. Ethics. An inquiry into the central problems of values applied to human conduct, with 
an examination of the responses of major ethical theories to those problems. 3 credits. 

215. Social Philosophy. An examination of some of the important philosophical issues, 
including the ethical and valuational, to be found in the social institutions of politics, law, 
government, and religion. 3 credits. 

220. Political Philosophy. A survey of the different Western philosophies and theories of 
government, ancient and modem, but especially since the sixteenth century. 3 credits. 
{ Cross-listed as Political Science 220. } 



106 



230. Philosophy of Religion. A study of the issues raised for philosophy by contemporary 
reUgious and theological thought. The course includes critical examinations of such prob- 
lems as faith and reason; the meaning of revelation, symbolism, and language; the arguments 
for the existence of God; faith and history; religion and culture. 3 credits. 

240. American Philosophy. A survey of philosophical thought in the United States from 
colonial period to present, with emphasis on the work of Peirce, James, and Dewey. 3 credits. 

300. History of Philosophy. The development of philosophical thought from the pre- 
Socratics through the nineteenth century, with emphasis on philosophy as a discipline of 
systematic inquiry. 3 credits. 

301-335. Major Authors. Intensive studies of individual great philosophers or principal 
schools. Prerequisite: PHL 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

336. Twentieth Century Philosophy. Examines representative American, British, and Con- 
tinental philosophers from 1900 to present. Prerequisite: PHL 300 or permission. 3 credits. 

349. The Holocaust: A Case Study in Social Ethics. This course examines the moral 
responsibility of institutions in German society, 1939-1 945 , for acquiescing to and perpetrat- 
ing the state-sanctioned killing of European Jews and others. 3 credits. 

360. Business Ethics. An examination of ethics and values within the context of modem 
corporate organizations. The course considers issues pertinent to corporate responsibility, 
whistle-blowing, the profit motive, consumerism, bribery, conflict of interest, and cost/ 
benefit analysis. Some attention is given to classical ethical theories; a considerable portion 
of the course is devoted to case analysis. Prerequisite: MGT 330 or PHL 1 10 or by permission 
(management majors must have junior standing). 3 credits. 

Physical Education (PED) 

The Physical Education Department is described on page 52. 

The college does not offer a major or minor in physical education. 

Courses in Physical Education 

102. Aerobic Exercises. A combination of exercise and dance steps in rhythmic movements. 
The course promotes the value of a total fitness program, including diet and weight control 
and heart rate monitoring. 

113. Bowling. Instruction in the techniques, etiquette, history and method of scoring. About 
eight weeks will be spent in league play. 

122. Fitness. Examination of varied programs for fitness, with emphasis on diet and weight 

107 



control, cardiovascular efficiency, strength improvement, and flexibility training. 

125. Golf. Instruction in the techniques, tactics, rules and etiquette of golf. 

735. Racquetball. Instruction in the tactics, techniques and different forms of competition 
used in racquetball. 

146. Tennis. Instruction in the techniques, rules and tactics, with extensive practice in singles 
and doubles. 

160. Swimming. Beginning, intermediate and advanced instruction. 

162. Water Exercise. Includes water-walking, water running and other aerobic water 
exercises for swimmers and non-swimmers. Utilizes water as resistance to improve strength 
and cardiovascular endurance. 

170. Skiing. Beginning, intermediate and advanced instruction at Blue Marsh Ski Area. 

180. Team Sports. Softball, volleyball and basketball, four to five weeks of each, emphasiz- 
ing team concepts. 

Students shall complete successfully two units of physical education selected from a list of 
approved activities. Students shall not satisfy the physical education requirement by taking 
the same activity unit twice. Students shall have a maximum of one physical education unit 
waived for successful completion of any of the following: one season of a varsity sport, one 
semester of marching band, or one semester of military science. 

Physics (PHY) 

The Physics Department is described on page 53. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in physics. 

Major: PHY 1 1 1 , 1 1 2, 2 1 1 , 3 1 1 , 3 1 2, 32 1 , 322, plus 6 additional semester hours (at least 2 
in experimental physics); MAS 161, 162, 211 and 266 or MAS 111, 112,211 and 266. (43- 
46 credits) 

Minor: PHY 1 11, 1 12 (or 103, 104), 21 1, plus 6 credits in physics at or above the 200 level. 
(18 credits) 

Courses in Physics 

100. Physics and Its Impact. A course that acquaints the student with some of the important 
concepts of physics, both classical and modem, and with the scientific method, its nature and 
its limitations. The role of physics in the history of thought and its relationships to other 

108 



disciplines and to society and government are considered. The weekly two-hour laboratory 
period provides experience in the acquisition, representation, and analysis of experimental 
data, and demonstration of the physical phenomena with which the course deals. 4 credits. 

103,104. General College Physics I,II. An introduction to the fundamental concepts and 
laws of the various branches of physics, including mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, 
magnetism, optics, and atomic and nuclear structure, with laboratory work in each area. 
4 credits per semester. 

110. The Physics of Music. The study of wave motion, analysis and synthesis of waves, 
resonance, physical characteristics of music sounds, musical instruments, the reproduction 
and amplification of sound, and the acoustical properties of rooms. A working knowledge of 
algebra is required. 3 credits. 

111,112. Principles of Physics I, II. An introductory course in classical physics, designed 
for students who desire a rigorous mathematical approach to college physics. Calculus is 
used throughout. The first semester is devoted to mechanics and heat, and the second 
semester to electricity, magnetism, and optics, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite 
or corequisite: MAS 111 or 161.4 credits per semester. 

211. Atomic and Nuclear Physics. An introduction to modem physics, including the 
foundation of atomic physics, quantum theory of radiation, the atomic nucleus, radioactivity, 
and nuclear reactions, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or 
permission. 4 credits. 

212. Introduction to Electronics. The physics of electrons and electronic devices, including 
diodes, transistors, power supplies, amplifiers, oscillators, switching circuits, and integrated 
circuits, with laboratory work in each area. Prerequisite: PHY 104 or 112, or permission. 
4 credits. 

311,312. Analytical Mechanics I,II. A rigorous study of classical mechanics, including the 
motion of a single particle, the motion of a system of particles, and the motion of a rigid body. 
Damped and forced harmonic motion, the central force problem, the Euler description of 
rigid body motion, and the Lagrange generalization of Newtonian mechanics are among the 
topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 1 1 1 and MAS 266. 3 credits per semester. 

321,322. Electricity and Magnetism I, II. Theory of the basic phenomena of electromagne- 
tism together with the application of fundamental principles of the solving of problems. The 
electric and magnetic properties of matter, direct current circuits, alternating current circuits, 
the Maxwell field equations, and the propagation of electromagnetic waves are among the 
topics treated. Prerequisites: PHY 1 12 and MAS 266. 3 credits per semester. 

327,328. Experimental Physics I, II. Experimental work selected from the area of mechan- 
ics, AC and DC electrical measurements, optics, atomic physics, or nuclear physics, with 
emphasis on experimental design, measuring techniques, and analysis of data. Prerequisite: 

109 



PHY 211. 1 credit per semester. 7 

350. Audio Electronics. A study of electronics as used in audio engineering. The course 
examines RC and LC circuits, filters, impedance, audio frequency amplifier circuits, and 
basic digital theory. Laboratory work is included. Prerequisite: PHY 212. 3 credits. 

421,422. Modern Physics I,II. A study of selected topics in modem physics, utilizing the 
methods of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is solved for such systems as 
potential barriers, potential wells, the linear oscillator, and the hydrogen atom. Perturbation 
techniques and the operator formalism of quantum mechanics are introduced where 
appropriate. Prerequisites: PHY 211 and MAS 266, or permission. 3 credits per semester. 

430. The Teaching of Physics in Secondary Schools. A course designed to acquaint the 
student with some of the special methods, programs, and problems in the teaching of physics 
in secondary schools. Required for secondary certification in physics. 1 credit. 

Political Science (PSC) 

The Economics and Political Science Department is described on page 54. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in political science. 

Major: PSC 1 1 1, 1 12, 130, 2 10, 220, and eight additional elective courses in political science 
(one of these elective courses may be from another social science with the approval of the 
student's major adviser) (39 credits). 

Minor: PSC 111,112,130,210, 220, and one additional elective course in political science 
(18 credits). 

Courses in Political Science 

111. American National Government I. The nature of American democracy, constitutional 
foundations of American government, the federal system, civil rights and liberties, political 
behavior, political parties, and campaigns and elections. 3 credits. 

112. American National Government II. The structures and functions of American govern- 
ment (Presidency, Congress, courts, and bureaucracy), and the foreign and domestic policy 
making process. 3 credits. 

130. International Politics. The origin, forms, dynamics, and prospects of the international 
political pattern, with emphasis on current developments and changing concepts in world 
politics. 3 credits. 

140. Modern Asia. A broadly interdisciplinary survey of the development of modem East 
and Southeast Asia. The region's diverse social, cultural, political, and economic character- 

110 



istics are examined, and particular attention is given to the complex relationship between 
Asia and the West. 3 credits. 

210. Comparative Government. A comparative study of important political systems of the 
world, including an introduction to the basic methodologies. PSC 111 and 112 strongly 
recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behavioral research 
emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in experiments and correlational 
studies. Pre-requisiteorcorequisite: PSY 100 or 120. 3 credits. { Cross-listed as Psychology 
216.} 

220. Political Philosophy. A survey of Western philosophies and theories of government, 
ancient and modem. { Cross-listed as Philosophy 220. } 

240. Public Administration. An examination of the structures through which governments 
try to carry out their policies. The course covers both the practical matters of accountability 
and efficiency, and the analytical concerns of organizational theory and bureaucratic culture. 
3 credits. 

250. Public Policy Analysis. This course gives students an understanding of the public policy 
process and of policy analysis at the national level of government. The course includes 
theories of policy-making as well as an examination of such substantive policy areas as 
foreign, defense, subsidy, and redistributive policies. Prerequisites: PSC 111 and 112, or 
permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

310. Scope and Methods of Political Science. A course in the conduct and interpretation of 
research in political science. Topics include formulation of a research problem, research 
design, techniques of scaling and measurement, data collection and analysis, and writing the 
research report. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor; MAS 170, is strongly recom- 
mended. 3 credits. 

372. American Foreign Policy. A survey of the external relations of the American 
government, emphasizing twentieth century developments. Subjects include diplomacy, 
military affairs, geographic and regional problems, trade and aid, technology and underde- 
velopment, alliances, nuclear problems, and opposing ideologies. PSC 1 1 1 and 1 12 strongly 
recommended as preparation. 3 credits. 

575. American Constitutional Law I. Constitutional law and interpretation and the powers 
of government. Topics include judicial review, national supremacy, private property, 
contracts, commerce powers, equal rights, and civil liberties. PSC 111 and 112 strongly 
recommended. 3 credits. 

316. American Constitutional Law II. Constitutional law and interpretation and the Bill of 
Rights. Emphasis is given to civil liberties, equal rights, and rights of the accused. PSC 1 1 1 

111 




One of the college's strengths 
has been the faculty' s commit- 
ment to their students and 
curriculum. 



and 112 strongly recommended. 3 credits. 

320. Electoral Politics. The dynamics of the electoral process, with emphasis on presidential 
and congressional elections and including the role of parties, public opinion, and interest 
groups. 3 credits. 

330. State and Local Government. This course covers the governmental institutions and 
characteristics of state and local political systems and the major inter-governmental 
problems in state and local relations with the federal government. 3 credits. 

340. The Third World. A survey of the developing nations of Latin America, Asia, Africa, 
and the Middle East. The political economy of development, in both its domestic and 
international dimensions is emphasized. Prerequisites: PSC 130, 210 or permission of the 
instructor. 3 credits. 

350. Select Problems. A course to give students a chance to explore in depth a topic of special 
interest. 3 credits. 

360. Modern Communism. A survey of the communist world, stressing the development of 
Marxist thought and its evolving application in the Soviet Union, China, and other commu- 
nist states. Prerequisite: PSC 130, 210, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

415. Foundations of American Law. An historical survey of American legal development 
from colonial times to the present. The course is a supplement to Constitutional Law. 
Strongly recommended for pre-law students. Prerequisite: PSC 111, 1 12 or permission of 
the instructor. 3 credits. 

420. Seminar in World Politics. A consideration of significant theories of international 
relations and their applicability to such selected contemporary issues as superpower rela- 



112 



tions, conflict resolution, arms control, and economic interdependence. Prerequisites: PSC 
130, or permission of the instructor. 3 credits. 

Pre-Law Program 

Although there is no pre-law major or department, a pre-law student is advised to take certain 
courses which will help prepare him or her for law school and a legal career. Each student 
should confer with the pre-law adviser in selecting a specific pattern of courses appropriate 
to that student's objectives. Generally recommended courses are as follows: ACT 161 , ECN 
101, 102, MGT 371, 372, PSC 111, 112, 315, 316, and 415. 

Pre-Medical, Pre-Dentistry, P re-Veterinary 

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional information in the medical (medicine, 
osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic and dentistry) and veterinary fields. 
Students interested in one of these careers usually follow a science curriculum with a major 
in biochemistry, biology or chemistry. 

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional study, the student 
who is interested in veterinary medicine may participate in a cooperative program between 
the college and local veterinarians, specializing in both small and large animal medicine. 
Students not only receive credit for the work, but also gain valuable experience in the field. 

For those students interested in podiatry, Lebanon Valley College and the Pennsylvania 
College of Pediatric Medicine have established an accelerated curriculum consisting of a 
minimum of 90 undergraduate semester hours and four years of podiatric medical education. 
Following three years of study at Lebanon Valley College a student may be recommended 
for further study at the Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. Lebanon Valley College 
then awards the baccalaureate degree, with a major in biochemistry, biology or chemistry, 
to those students who complete successfully one year of basic science education at the 
Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine. 

A health professions committee coordinates the various plans of study in addition to offering 
advice and assistance to those persons interested in health professions careers. 

Lebanon Valley College graduates have been admitted to some of the nation's finest schools 
including Johns Hopkins University Medical School, The University of Pennsylvania, The 
University of Pittsburgh, Jefferson Medical School, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 
Temple University, The University of Maryland, The Philadelphia College of Osteopathic 
Medicine, The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine and the Pennsylvania College of 
Optometry. 

Psychohiology (PBI) 

The major in psychohiology is offered jointly by the Departments of Biology, described on 

113 



page 30 and Psychology, described on page 55. 

This inter-disciphnary major emphasizes the physiological substrates and consequences of 
behavior. Consisting of a combination of psychology and biology course work, the program 
prepares students for graduate study in medicine, veterinary medicine, graduate programs in 
psychology, animal behavior, physiological psychology, psychopharmacology, behavior 
genetics, and neuroscience, as well as research positions in industry, universities, hospitals, 
and government laboratories. 

Degree: Bachelor of Science with a major in psychobiology. 

Major: BIO 1 1 1, 1 12, 201, 322 (16 credits); PSY 1 10, 335, 358 plus two courses from the 
following: PS Y 120,216,355,356,431 (16 credits); PSY 491 or BIO 491, BIO 499 or PBI 
499, BIO 500 or PS Y 500 (8 credits); CHM 1 1 1 , 1 1 2, 1 1 3, 1 14 (8 credits); MAS 1 6 1 and CSC 
125 or 170 (6 credits); plus 8 additional credits in the sciences in consultation with adviser. 
Recommended CHM 213, 214, 215, 216, PHY 103, 104 or 1 1 1, 112. 62 total credits. 

Courses in Psychobiology 

358. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological mechanisms underlying behavior 
processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, sensation and perception, 
learning and memory, sleep, ingestive behaviors and motivation and emotion. The laboratory 
portion of the course includes sheep brain dissection. Prerequisite: PSY 110, 120 or 
permission; completion of a biology course is recommended. 3 credits. { Cross-listed as 
Psychology 358. } 

499. Psychobiology Seminar. Readings, discussions, and reports on selected topics in 
psychobiology. Prerequisite: permission. This course may be repeated. 1 credit. 

Psychology (PSY) 
The Psychology Department is described on page 55. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in psychology. 

Major: PSY 100, 1 10, 120, 216, 443; one course from: 335, 355, 356, 358; one course from 
321, 332, 343, 346, 443; and three additional courses from a single specialty area (3 1 credits). 
For a concentration in clinical/counseling psychology the additional courses should be from 
332, 335, 339, 343, 43 1 , 432. For a concentration in experimental/physiological psychology 
the additional courses should be from 335, 346, 355, 356, 358, 359. For a concentration in 
organizational/industrial psychology the additional courses should be from 332, 335, 337, 
339, 346, 359. For a concentration in developmental psychology the additional courses 
should be from 321, 322, 326, 343, 346, 359. 



Minor: PSY 100, 110, 120, 216 and three elective courses in psychology (22 credits). For an 

114 



emphasis in clinical/counseling psychology the electives should be from 332, 343, 43 1 , 432. 
For an emphasis in experimental/physiological psychology two of the electives should be 
from 335, 346, 355, 357, 359, 350, 443. For an emphasis in organizational/industrial 
psychology two of the electives should be from 332, 335, 337, 339, 346. For an emphasis in 
developmental psychology two of the electives should be from 321, 322, 326, 343. 

Courses in Psychology 

100. Psychology: The Individual and Society. An introduction to psychology as a social 
science. The emphasis is on the interactions of the individual and society that influence 
development, learning, motivation, sexuality, and identity, as well as social and emotional 
adjustment. 3 credits. 

110. General Psychology. A survey course examining the relationship between research and 
theory in the field of psychology. The course is intended to give the student an overview of 
all areas of specialization within psychology. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Experimental Psychology. This course focuses on psychology as a 
science. It emphasizes laboratory research, and covers topics relevant to scientific research, 
and science in general (eg. research design, experimental methods, data analysis and 
interpretation, and scientific ethics). Various topics of experimental psychology (eg. sensory 
and perceptual processes, learning and memory, psychological testing, and social behaviors) 
are discussed. 4 credits. s 

216. Quantitative Methods in Behavioral Science. Evaluation of behavioral research 
emphasizing the descriptive and inferential statistics used in experimental research and 
correlational studies. Prerequisite or corequisite: PSY 100, 1 10, or 120. 3 credits. {Cross- 
listed as Political Science 216.) 

220. Educational Psychology. Studies of cognitive, behavioral, emotional and social 
processes in the school; required for certification in elementary and music education. 
Prerequisite: PSY 100, 1 10 or 120. 3 credits. 

321. Psychology of Child Development. A study of the patterns of cognitive, social and 
emotional developmental changes occurring during childhood. Special attention is given to 
research studies, developmental mechanisms and theories of development. Prerequisite: 
PSY 100, llOor 120. 3 credits. 

322. Psychology of Adolescent Development. A study of the psychological characteristics 
and changes occurring during adolescence. Topics include psychological development, 
social influences, cognitive and intellectual development, emotional development, identity 
and self-concept, sexual development, values, and transition to adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 
100, 110 or 120. 3 credits. 

326. Psychology of Adult Development. A study of research literature and theories con- 

115 



cemed with psychological change in the adult, from late adolescence to death. The course 
includes the works of such theorists as Maslow and Erikson. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 1 10 or 
120. 3 credits. 

332. Psychological Testing and Assessment. Introduction to the principles of psychological 
measurement, methods of test design and construction, and applications and interpretations 
of existing psychological tests. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 1 10 or 120. 3 credits. 

335. Research Design and Statistics. A survey of experimental designs utilized in psycho- 
logical investigations. Designs include factorial experiments, field studies, correlative 
designs and multivariate techniques. The primary readings are selected from current research 
in clinical, educational, organizational, and laboratory settings. Prerequisites: PSY 120, 216 
or permission. 3 credits. 

337. Organizational Psychology. A study of psychological principles as applied to problems 
of organizational behavior, with emphasis on personnel selection, human engineering, group 
dynamics, systems design, training, leadership, and performance evaluation. Prerequisite: 
PSY 100, 110 or 120. 3 credits. 

339. Career Counseling. The course surveys assessment of skills and competencies, 
occupational research, decision-making, and job search strategies. Students are encouraged 
to apply the theories of career counseling to their own vocational decisions and goals. 
Prerequisite: PSY 100, 110, 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

343. Personality. A study of the major theories of personality, emphasizing psychoanalysis, 
humanistic psychology, behaviorism, social learning, and trait theory. Prerequisite: PSY 
100,1 10 or 120; junior or senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

346. Social Psychology. A study of the inter-and intra-personal relationships between 
individuals and groups, with emphasis on theories and research studies. The topics covered 
may include attitude development and change, conformity, persuasion, person perception, 
attribution, attraction, and group processes. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 1 10 or 120; junior or 
senior standing, or permission. 3 credits. 

355. Learning and Memory. This course surveys psychological research on learning and 
memory. Topics include classical and instrumental conditioning, verbal learning, problem 
solving, basic memory processes, and models of learning and memory. Prerequisite: PSY 
100, 110, 120 or permission. 3 credits. 

356. Sensory and Perceptual Processes. This course focuses on the structures and functions 
of sensory systems. It includes the study of the visual system as a model to delineate 
information processing strategies in the eye, the optic nerve, and the brain. The course will 
delineate sensory from perceptual processes. The perception of visual, olfactory, auditory, 
gustatory and vestibular and cutaneous information will be discussed from experimental, 
physiological, and philosophical perspectives. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 1 10, 120 or permis- 

116 



sion. 3 credits. 

358. Physiological Psychology. A study of the biological mechanisms underlying behavioral 
processes. The course focuses on the physiology of reflexes, sensation and perception, 
learning and memory, sleep, and motivation and emotion. The laboratory portion of the 
course includes sheep brain dissection and behavioral observation. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 
1 10,120 or permission; completion of a biology course is recommended. 3 credits. {Cross- 
listed as Psychobiology 358. } 

359. Research Practicum. A course designed to provide students with the opportunity to 
develop a research idea and carry it through to completion,with literature, review proposal, 
pilot study, data analysis, write-up, and presentation. The aim of the course is to give students 
practical experience in research so that they have a better appreciation of the nature of the 
research process. 3 credits. 

431. Abnormal Behavior and Experience. A study of mental, emotional and behavioral 
problems, including alcohol and drug abuse, brain disorders, criminal and psychopathic 
behavior, neuroses, psychophysiological reactions, psychoses, sexual deviations, subnormal 
intelligence, and suicide. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 1 10 or 120; junior or senior standing or 
permission. 3 credits. 

432. Introduction to Clinical Psychology. A study of the ways psychologists assist persons 
and groups. Particular attention is given to assessment, individual and group therapy, 
marriage and family counseling, and community psychology. Prerequisites: PSY 100, 1 10 
or 120; PSY 431 or some psychiatric experience, or permission. 3 credits. 

443. History and Theory. Studies the history of psychology including philosophical 
concepts, early schools of psychology, important trends, and famous psychologists. Prereq- 
uisites: PSY 1 10; junior or senior standing; or permission. 3 credits. 

Recording Technology 

See Sound Recording Technology on page 105. 

Religion (RED 

The Religion and Philosophy Department is described on page 57. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in religion. 

Major: REL 110, 115, 116, 20 1,311, 312, and four additional courses in religion, of which 
at least one must be in 200-level courses and one in 300-level courses (30 credits). 

Minor: REL 110, 115, 116, one from 201, 252, 311,312; and two additional courses in 
religion (18 credits). 

117 



Courses in Religion 

110. Introduction to Religion. An exploration of the many dimensions of religion as a central 
human experience: self and meaning, religious expression, religious knowledge, religion in 
its cultural context, and religion and the natural order. 3 credits. 

115. World Religions 1. An introduction to the major religions of African and middle-eastern 
origin, with emphasis on Judaism, Christianity and Islam. 3 credits. 

116. World Religions II. An introduction to the major religions of far-eastern origin with 
emphasis on the religious traditions of India, China and Japan. 3 credits. 

120. Religion in America. A study of the origin and development of religious expression in 
America, with particular attention to Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and Judaism. 3 
credits. 

160. Religion and Ethics. A study of religion in its relation to moral values, both personal 
and social, with emphasis on Christian ethics. 3 credits. 

201. Biblical Literature. A study of the Bible, including its literary forms and its historical 
and social context. 3 credits. 

202. The Prophets. Studies the lives and writings of the Old Testament prophets and an 
analysis of their contributions to Judeo-Christian religious thought. 3 credits. 

211. Life and Teachings of Jesus. An intensive study of the life and message of Jesus as set 
forth in the Gospels. 3 credits. 

212. Life and Epistles of Paul. A study of the life, writings, and theological thought of Paul 
and their relationship with the early Church. 3 credits. 

230. American Folk Religion. A study of the folk traditions of selected American denomi- 
nations and sects and of the theological implications of secular folklore. Emphasis will be 
placed on field work as well as on analysis. 3 credits. {Cross-listed as American Studies 
230.} 

251. Judaism. A survey of the development of Judaism and its contemporary teachings and 
practices. 3 credits. 

252. Christianity. A study of the development of the major forms of Christianity including 
doctrine, ethics, worship, church structure and relationship to culture. 3 credits. 

253. Buddhism. A study of the development of Buddhism, including its teaching, practice 
and influence as one of the great missionary religions. 3 credits. 



118 



311. History of Christianity L The story of Christianity from the apostolic age to the 
Renaissance. 3 credits. 

312. History of Christianity II. The story of Christianity from the Protestant reformation to 

the ecumenical era. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structures and functions of religious organizations and 
phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious expression in America. 3 credits. 
{Cross-listed as Sociology 322. } 

332. Religion in Literature. A study of religious and moral issues in contemporary fiction, 
poetry and non-fiction. 3 credits. 

342. Contemporary Religious Issues. An advanced study of selected authors or problems 
arising in contemporary religion. 3 credits. 

352. Theology Seminar. An intensive study of individual great theologians or theological 
traditions. 3 credits. 

I Secondary Education (Teacher Certification) (SED) 

The Education Department is described on page 34. 

There is no major in education for those interested in secondary teaching. Students complete 
the requirements in their chosen major and the designated professional education courses. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in the chosen major. (Majors: biology, 
chemistry, English, French, German, Spanish, mathematics, physics, and social studies.) 

Secondary Teacher Certification: Candidates must complete 21 credits in professional 
education courses and the approved program in the chosen major. EDU 1 10 should be taken 
in the sophomore year and SED 430 in the junior year. SED 280 should be taken at least twice 
prior to SED 440. SED 420 and 440 comprise the student teaching semester of the senior or 
postgraduate year. 

The minor in education is described on page 74. 

[ Courses in Secondary Education 

280. Field Practicum in the Secondary School. Supervised field experiences in appropriate 
school settings. Designed to offer practical experiences for prospective secondary teachers 
or students planning an educational ministry. Prerequisites: permission. 1-3 credits. 



420. Human Growth and Development. A survey of human characteristics, research in 

119 



developmental psychology and their implications for teaching and learning. Prerequisite: 
EDU 110. 3 credits. 

430. Practicum and Methods. A study of the basic principles and procedures for secondary 
classroom management and instruction. Prerequisite: EDU 1 10. 3 credits. 

431. Social Studies in Secondary Education. A study of curricular patterns and teaching 
methodologies for the social studies. Students will prepare instructional objectives, select 
and organize subject matter, investigate a variety of learning activities and strategies for 
developing inquiry, decision-making, and values. 1-2 credits. 

440. Student Teaching. Students spend an entire semester in an area school under the 
supervision of a carefully selected cooperating teacher. Open to seniors only. Requirements 
are: 

(1) a grade point average of at least 2.00 in the major field 

(2) completion of all courses required of the major for student teaching 

(3) completion of professional education courses required for student teaching 

(4) approval of the major adviser and of the director of secondary student teaching. 
Prerequisites: EDU 1 10, SED 430. SED 420 is normally taken concurrently with SED 440. 
3-12 credits. 

Social Work (SWK) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 58. 

Minor: SOC 1 10; SWK 242, 262, 272, 331; 6 credits of SWK 400; one sociology elective 
(24 credits). 

Courses in Social Work 

242. Basic Interpersonal Relations Skill Processes. An introduction to the theory and skills 
of interpersonal relationships that are geared toward helping people resolve personal and 
social problems. The course features skill-building exercises as well as linkage of theory and 
skills. Open to students of any major who have an interest in interpersonal relationships or 
counseling. 3 credits. 

262. Social Welfare. An introduction to social welfare policies and institutions including the 
evolution of the welfare system in our society and its approach to social problems. Focuses 
upon controversies relevant to public welfare. Prerequisite: SOC 110. 3 credits. 

272. Human Behavior in the Social Environment. An examination of the interrelation of 
biological, psychological and sociocultural systems and their effects on human development 
and behavior. A life span perspective is used to develop an understanding of the total person 
as he/she functions in relation to his/her environment at each stage in the developmental 
process. The impact of diversity in ethnic background, race, class, sexual orientation and 

120 



culture in a pluralistic society will also be addressed. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10. 3 credits. 

331. Social Work Theory. A consideration of professional social work's knowledge, values, 
and skills base, with emphasis on generalist social work theory as it is utilized in case 
management. Prerequisite: SWK 242. 3 credits. 



Sociology (SOC) 

The Sociology and Social Work Department is described on page 58. 

Degree: Bachelor of Arts with a major in sociology. 

Major: SOC 1 10, 31 1,421,499; 21 additional credits in sociology excluding internships (33 
credits). 

Minor: SOC 1 10, 3 1 1 , 42 1 ; 3 elective courses in sociology excluding internships ( 1 8 credits). 

Courses in Sociology 

110. Introduction to Sociology. A study of the basic sociological perspective including the 
nature of society, the influence of culture, the development of the self, and group dynamics. 
Specific topics include deviance and social control, the family and other institutions, racism, 
sexism and poverty. 3 credits. 

120. Introduction to Anthropology. Introduction to both physical and cultural anthropology 
including human evolution, human variation, and cross-cultural analysis, and comparison. 
3 credits. 

210. Social Problems. Contemporary social problems as seen through different analytical 
perspectives. Problems covered include war and peace, pollution and environmental exploi- 
tation, crime and delinquency, and emotional and physical illness. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10 or 
120 or HON 202. 3 credits. 

211. Urbanology. An analysis of the city as a unique form of social organization. From a 
multi-disciplinary perspective, the course presents the nature of urbanization and the impact 
of urbanism on contemporary society. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10 or 120 or HON 202. 3 credits. 

230. Sociology of Marriage and the Family. An overview of marriage and the family 
focusing upon love, mate selection, alternative life styles, marital communication, conflict 
resolution, parenting, divorce and widowhood. Utilizes an historical and cross-cultural 
perspective in addition to sociological analysis. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10 or 120 or HON 202. 
3 credits. 

261. The Aged and Aging. An investigation of the process of aging and contemporary issues 

121 



related to the elderly. Topics covered include Alzheimer's disease, retirement, stereotypes 
of the elderly and contributions of the elderly to society. Prerequisite: SOC 1 10 or 120, or 
HON 202. 3 credits. 

278. Juvenile Delinquency. An examination of the causes and effects of juvenile delin- 
quency, the juvenile justice system and treatment programs for the juvenile offender. 
Prerequisite: SOC 1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

280. Sexuality and Society. Study of human sexuality from psychosocial and cultural 
perspectives. The course will include an examination of such topics as developmental 
sexuality, gender roles, sexual communication, sexual orientation, coercive sex, sexually 
transmitted diseases, HIV, and religious and ethical perspectives on sexuality. Prerequisite: 
SOC 1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

311. Research Methods. A study of the basic concepts and skills involved in critically 
evaluating and carrying out social scientific research. Topics include values and ethics of 
research on human behavior, research design, interviewing and questionnaire construction. 
Prerequisite: SOC 1 10, junior standing or permission. 3 credits. 

322. Sociology of Religion. The structure and functions of religious organizations and 
phenomena with emphasis on the varieties of religious expression in America. Prerequisite: 
SOC 1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. { Cross-listed as Religion 322. } 

324. Medical Sociology. An examination of the societal bases of health, illness and health 
care. The course will include an examination of the three components of medicine: the 
patient, the medical professional and the health care organization. Specific topics will 
include: the role of the patient; doctor-patient relationships; the socialization of medical 
professionals; the hospital as a complex organization, cross-cultural comparisons of health 
care and current topics of concern such as the AIDS epidemic, new technologies, and social 
response to the terminally ill patient. 3 credits. 

326. Women's Issues, Women's Voices. An examination of women's contributions to the 
world, their roles in social institutions, and issues arising from their uniqueness and social 
situations. Topics will include images of women and their writings; biology and health; 
issues of sexuality and gender identity; and women's roles in the family, religion, education, 
and in the worlds of work and politics. 3 credits. 

331. Criminology. An examination of the causes of crime. Special attention is given to violent 
crime, homicide, and rape. In addition, crimes such as arson, robbery, burglary and white 
collar crime are covered. The question of whether or not such victimless crimes such as 
pornography, prostitution and drug use should be considered crimes is explored. Prerequi- 
site: SOC 1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

333. Criminaljustice. A sociological, historical, and philosophical examination of punish- 
ment and the criminal justice system. Rights of the accused, victimology, prisons, and the 

122 



death penalty are studied. 3 credits. 

340. Group Structure and Dynamics. An overview of the theory and research on small group 
organization and process including issues related to leadership, effective communication in 
groups, conformity and influence. Application of basic principles to practical situations. 
Exercises designed to improve group leadership and participation skills. Prerequisite: SOC 
1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

351. Death and Dying. Exploration of the basic legal, medical, ethical and social issues 
related to contemporary understanding of death and dying. Examines the stages of dying, the 
grief process, euthanasia, suicide, the hospice movement and life after death. Prerequisite: 
SOC 1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

362. Race, Minorities and Discrimination. An examination of the patterns of structured 
inequality in American society, including the class system and racial and ethnic groups. 3 
credits. 

371. Child Abuse. The study and analysis of child abuse in its various expressions with 
additional focus on physical and sexual abuse. Emphasis will be on models and theories of 
causation, dynamics, treatment and research. 3 credits. 

372. Substance Abuse. An examination of the problems associated with substance abuse 
including a study of the prevalent myths concerning substance abuse, an exploration of the 
causes of substance abuse and an exploration of how it affects the individual, the family and 
society as a whole. In addition, the course will examine current methods of intervention and 
treatment. Prerequisites: SOC 1 10 or 120, or HON 202. 3 credits. 

382. Sociology of the Mass Media. Seminar on how society shapes the mass media and the 
effects of the mass media on individuals and society. Topics include propaganda, television 
violence and aggression, and advertising. Special attention is given to values and images 
portrayed by the mass media. Prerequisite: 6 credits in sociology or permission. 3 credits. 

421. Social Theory. An intensive examination of the major sociological theorists and 
movements. Prerequisite: 12 credits in sociology. 3 credits. 

499. Seminar. A critical analysis of selected themes and issues in contemporary sociology. 
Topics may vary. This course is conducted as a seminar requiring extensive student 
participation. Prerequisite: 12 credits of sociology or permission. 3 credits. 



Sound Recording Technology (SRT) 
See Sound Recording Technology on page 105. 



123 



Spanish (SPA) 

The Foreign Languages Department is described on page 38. 

D^g/'^'e; Bachelor of Arts with a major in Spanish. 

Major: 24 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level; FLG 250 (27 credits). For teaching 
certification, FLG 440 is required. 

Minor: 1 8 credits in Spanish above the intermediate level. Courses in advanced conversation 
and composition as well as in culture are strongly recommended. 

Courses in Spanish 

101,102. Elementary Spanish 1,11. Introductory courses in Spanish. 3 credits. 

201,202. Intermediate Conversational Spanish 1,11. A review of Spanish grammar, and 
practice in conversation, comprehension, reading and writing. Prerequisite: SPA 102 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

311. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Practice in the careful reading of literary texts and 
in the four basic language skills. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

312. Contemporary Literature. Readings in the works of living Spanish authors. Attention 
both to individual style and the relationship of the writer to current problems. Prerequisite: 
SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

315. Hispanic Culture. A study of Hispanic culture and language, with emphasis on the 
culture as found in modem Spain and its reflection in America. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or 
equivalent. 3 credits. 

316. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Intensive practice in spoken and written 
Spanish on an advanced grammatical and stylistic level, with emphasis on the use of language 
in practical situations. Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

320. Business Spanish. An introduction to the language of business and business practices. 
Prerequisite: SPA 202 or equivalent. 3 credits. 

410. Spanish Literature of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A study of the outstanding 
works of the period. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

420. Spanish Literature of the Golden Age. A study of the major works of the period. 
Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

430. Spanish Literature and the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Readings from the 

124 



Enlightenment in Spain, and an examination of the major works of romanticism and realism. 
Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

440. Spanish Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the literary movements of the 
century, starting with the Generation '98 and modernism. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or 
permission. 3 credits. 

450. Spanish-American Literature of the Twentieth Century. A study of the important 
writers of the century, with emphasis on recent developments in the literature of Spanish- 
America. Prerequisite: SPA 311 or 316 or permission. 3 credits. 

Teacher Certification 

See Elementary Education on page 75 or Secondary Education on page 119. 




By combining a strong theoretical background with practical application, faculty 
members strive to prepare students to succeed in their chosen fields. 



125 



GRADUATE ACADEMIC PROGRAMS 

MBA Program 

The Lebanon Valley College MBA Program is an interdisciplinary program designed to 
prepare graduates for managerial responsibilities at various levels of business organizations. 
The program provides a strong theoretical foundation as well as operational expertise in the 
areas of finance, management, marketing, human resource management and production and 
service management. 

The MBA Program at Lebanon Valley College is a unique program that combines liberal arts/ 
general education coursework with career preparation in the field of business administration. 
The interdisciplinary nature of the curriculum includes standard MBA level courses along 
with exposure to courses in Executive Communications, Executive Leadership and Corpo- 
rate and Organizational Ethics. 

Every MBA candidate must complete 27 credits of core courses and 9 credits of electives. 
All courses in the undergraduate common body of knowledge also must be completed 
successfully. Courses in the Lebanon Valley College MBA Program are taught on the 
Annville and Lancaster campuses. 

MBA Faculty 

Sharon F. Clark, graduate associate professor of business law and labor relations. 
J.D., University of Richmond. 

Dr. Clark has several years experience in private law practice and several years as a 
supervisory tax attorney with the Internal Revenue Service. 

Jeanne C. Hey, graduate assistant professor of economics. 

Ph.D., Lehigh University. 

Dr. Hey teaches managerial economics. 

David L Lasky, graduate professor of organizational behavior. 

Ph.D., Temple University. 

Organizational behavior, research design, and career counseling are the focus of his teaching 

interests. His current research is in the area of organizational change in the public sector and 

patients rights. 

Robert W. Leonard, graduate assistant professor of management. 

M.B.A., Ohio State University. 

Mr. Leonard's teaching specialties include finance, production and service management, 

organizational behavior and development, and labor and industrial relations. 

Leon E. Markowicz, graduate professor of communications and leadership studies. 
Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania. 

126 



He serves local business as a communications consultant. Dr. Markowicz is a Fellow of the 
Pennsylvania Writing Project and is active in the Lancaster-Lebanon Writing Council. 

Daniel B. McKinley, graduate assistant professor of leadership. 

M.A., University of Maryland. M.A.L.S., Wesleyan University. 

Mr. McKinley maintains an interest in small group development and offers leadership 

laboratories for communication skills development. 

Barney T. Raffield III, graduate associate professor of management. 

Ph. D., Union Graduate School. 

Dr. Raffield teaches courses in marketing and international business management. 

Gail Sanderson, graduate assistant professor of managerial accounting. 

M.B.A., Boston University, CPA. 

Ms. Sanderson has professional experience in accounting (public and private sectors); 

income tax; computer systems analysis and design. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, graduate associate professor of organizational ethics. 

M.A., University of Texas. 

His teaching specialties are philosophical ethics and business and organizational ethics. 

Barbara S. Wirth, graduate assistant professor of accounting. 

M.B.A., Lehigh University. 

Ms. Wirth teaches accounting and financial applications. 

MBA Admissions 

All candidates must have a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university. 

All candidates must submit a current resume and a completed application form with the 
required application fee. They must take a GMAT examination and have the official test 
results sent to the MBA Office. They must ask two supervisors at their place of employment 
to complete and forward confidentially to the MBA Office evaluation and recommendation 
forms. Official transcripts of all undergraduate work and any graduate courses to be 
considered for transfer must be sent by the respective colleges or universities to the MBA 
Office. 

Graduate admissions are on a rolling basis; action will be taken quickly after all paperwork 
has been processed. 

MBA Academic Policies 

Academic Advising and Registration 

MBA students should meet with the MBA academic adviser as soon as possible after being 

accepted into the graduate program. The adviser will develop graduation plans with the 

127 



student. All course registrations require the MBA adviser's signature. 

Veteran Registration 

The college meets all of the criteria of Veterans Education under the provisions of Title 38, 
United States Code, Section 1775. The MBA program has been approved for payment 
assistance. Veterans pay the cost of tuition, fees, books and supplies direcdy to the college. 
They are reimbursed by the Veterans Administration on a monthly basis. Applicants having 
any questions concerning their veteran's benefits should contact the college's veterans 
representative in the Registrar's Office. 

Graduation Requirements 

A candidate for the MBA must complete a maximum of 36 credits, of which 27 must be 
earned at Lebanon Valley College. There are nine required core courses (27 credits) and any 
three electives of the student's choice (9 credits) for a total of 36 credits. A candidate must 
achieve at least a 3.00 cumulative average with a maximum of two C's within the 36 graduate 
credits to be certified for graduation. 

Transfer Credit 

A maximum of nine credits (a maximum of six core credits) may be transferred from another 
accredited graduate program with the approval of the MBA Program director. No transfer 
credit shall be accepted if the grade earned at another institution was less than B. Students 
wishing to transfer credits may be asked to submit course outlines, textbook used, and any 
reading materials so proper credit may be given. 

Concurrent Courses 

A student enrolled for the MBA degree may not take courses concurrently at any other 
educational institution without prior consent of the MBA academic adviser and the registrar. 

Grading 

Student achievement is graded A (distinguished performance), B (superior work), C 
(minimum passing grade, but unsatisfactory work), F (course requirements not met). No 
MBA courses may be taken pass/fail. A cumulative grade point average of 3.00 (4.00 = A) 
is required for graduation. A maximum of two C grades (C+ or C) is allowed within the 36 
graduate credits. Graduate courses are graded plus or minus with the exclusion of A+ and 
C-. 

In addition to the above grades, the symbols I and W also are used. I indicates that student 
work is incomplete (certain required work postponed by the student for substantial reason 
with the prior consent of the instructor and the registrar), but otherwise satisfactory. The 
work must be completed within the first eight weeks of the following semester including 
summer semesters, or the I automatically becomes an F. W indicates withdrawal from a 

128 



course. After a designated point in the semester, a withdrawing student will receive a WP or 
WF rather than a W, indicating a passing or failing grade at the time of withdrawal. 

Review Procedure 

Every student's academic progress shall be reviewed at the end of each academic period by 
the MBA academic adviser. Any student whose average falls below 3.00 or who earns a C 
or F in three or more credit hours may be placed on academic probation. A student on 
academic probation may be required to retake courses or correct other academic deficiencies 
and must achieve a 3.00 cumulative average within two semesters of being placed on 
probation. A student may repeat a maximum of two graduate courses with any given course 
being repeated only once. Students who fail to correct deficiencies may be dropped from the 
program. A student may appeal any decision of the MBA director to the MBA Steering 
Committee. 

Course Withdrawal and Tuition Refund 

Any student who withdraws from courses for which he or she is registered must notify the 
MBA Program director and the registrar in writing. The effective date of withdrawal is the 
date on which the student notifies these offices. Failure to give notice of withdrawal will 
result in a grade of F. Notifying the instructor does not constitute official withdrawal. 

MBA students should consult the refund schedule published in the semester brochure. 

A student who is absent from college because of sickness or any other reason and who retains 
his place in class pays in full during his or her absence. 

Time Restriction 

The maximum time for completion of the MBA Program is seven years from the date of the 
admission letter. Students who have not earned the graduate degree during this period shall 
have their academic standing reviewed and may be asked to meet additional requirements 
in order to graduate. 

Academic Dishonesty 

Students are expected to uphold the principles of academic honesty. Academic dishonesty 
will not be tolerated. 

For the first academic dishonesty offense, failure in the course is mandatory, and the faculty 
member is required to inform the MBA Program director in writing. A letter of warning shall 
be sent to the student by the MBA Program director explaining the consequences and the right 
of appeal. 

For the second offense, failure in the course and expulsion from the MBA program and 

129 



college are mandatory and without appeal. 

Address Changes 

Any change of address must be reported to the MBA Office as soon as possible. A forwarding 
address should also be given to the Postal Service. 

Privacy of Student Records 

In accordance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (P.L. 39-380) 
Lebanon Valley College releases no student education records without written consent and 
request of the student or as prescribed by the law. Each student has access to his or her 
education records with exclusions only as specified by the law. 

Financial Aid 

Students may participate in the Stafford Loan Program, a low, simple-interest loan that is 
available from most lending institutions. The interest on the loan is subsidized by the federal 
government while the student is attending college, and payments do not become due until 
six months after graduation or enrollment as less than a half-time student. 

Graduate students should contact the Financial Aid Office at 717-867-6181 to discuss 
alternative financial aid programs. 

Employee Tuition Reimbursement 

Students are encouraged to inquire about tuition remission programs at their places of 
employment. Most employers of current students provide education subsidies of 50-100% 
of tuition. Students must pay 100% of tuition costs plus comprehensive fee at the time of 
registration, unless they choose the tuition payment plan option when they register. 

Withdrawal from Program and College and Readmission 

To withdraw from Lebanon Valley College, an MBA student must complete an official 
withdrawal form obtained from the MBA academic adviser. To apply for readmission, an 
MBA student must have the written approval of the MBA Program director. 



130 



GRADUATE DEGREE REQUIREMENTS AND 
COURSE DESCRIPTIONS 

Degree: MBA 

Requirements: 

Undergraduate Core (Common body of knowledge): ACT 1 5 1 or 1 6 1 , ACT 1 52 or 1 62; ECN 

101, 102; MAS 1 1 1 or 150 or 160 or 161, 170 or 270; MGT 233, 322 or CSC 170, 330, 340, 

361,460. 

Graduate Core: MGT 800, MGT 805, PSY 810, MGT 815, MGT 820, ENG 825, PHL 830, 
LSP 835, MGT 895 (27 credits) and three of the following MGT 850, MGT 855, MGT 860, 
ECN 865, MGT 870, ACT 875, MGT 880, ECN 885 (9 credits). Total of 36 credits. 

MBA Courses 

ACT 775. Accounting and Financial Applications. A practical look at the financial and 
managerial areas of accounting. Emphasis will be placed on the four basic financial 
statements, analytical analysis, cost control and budgeting. In addition, case studies and use 
of current publications, such as The Wall Street Journal, will be stressed. Prerequisite: this 
course is only for MBA students and combines the current six credit accounting course 
prerequisite into a single course for the graduate program. 3 credits. 

MGT 800. Quantitative Analysis. A survey of management science. Topics include linear 
programming, transportation and assignment problems, decision and network analysis, 
stochastic processes, queuing, and simulation. Includes an introduction to appropriate 
computer software. 3 credits. 

MGT 805. Financial Policy. A quantitative approach to managerial problems of long term 
financing, asset management, dividend policy, and ethics in the firm and marketplace. 
Emphasis placed on the application of experience to class discussion based on the use of The 
Wall Street Journal. Required presentation of a current topic. 3 credits. 

PSY 810. Organizational Behavior. Systematic presentation of theory and research in areas 
of organizational behavior; including motivation, group dynamics, leadership, decision- 
making, organization change, career planning, and communication. 3 credits. 

MGT 815. Marketing Management. Seminar focusing on issues arising from the interplay 
between marketing and society. Examples include ethics of selling, advertising, marketing 
research and the social responsibility of marketers. Prerequisite: ENG 825 strongly 
recommended. 3 credits. 

MGT 820. Production and Service Management. Systems approaches to management of 
production and service organizations. Topics include design and control of operations, 

131 



operations strategy, product and process planning, quality management, human resources, 
scheduling and control, and materials management. Emphasis is on the priority/capacity 
organizational concepts, the strategy underlying operations and related MS/OR tools and 
techniques. Prerequisite: MGT 800. 3 credits. 

ENG 825. Executive Communications. Organizational communication skills, emphasizing 
writing, speaking and listening techniques. Interpersonal communication. Exploring and 
increasing communication options on individual, group and organizational levels. 3 credits. 

PHL 830. Corporate and Organizational Ethics. The ethical assumptions and implications 
of corporate and organizational policies and practices. Intensive readings in the literature of 
both theoretical and applied ethics. Case study analyses. Topics include: corporate and 
organizational social and political responsibility, ethics and business, ethics and organiza- 
tional life, and governmental relations. Prerequisite: ENG 825 and LSP 835 or PSY 810. 
3 credits. 

LSP 835. Executive Leadership. Theories and concepts of leadership. Examination of the 
forces in the leader-follower interaction. Analysis of the skills, behaviors, attitudes, and 
values of effective and ethical leaders and followers. Application of concepts, information, 
and experience to case studies. 3 credits. 

MGT 850. Human Resource Management. A survey of personnel management activities 
in organizations including exploration of recent developments in the field of human resource 
management. Topics include human resource planning, recruitment, selection, training, 
equal employment opportunity, performance appraisal, discipline, career planning, compen- 
sation, safety and health. Instruction method includes case study, readings and classroom 
lecture. Prerequisite: ENG 825, PSY 810 recommended. 3 credits. 

MGT 855. Legal Environment of Business. Legal concepts and principles important to 
business decision making including employment law, labor-management relations and 
relevant legislation, tax consequences of business transactions, government regulation, 
contract law and application of the Uniform Commercial Code to business transactions. Case 
study, readings and classroom lecture. Prerequisite: ENG 825, PHL 830 recommended. 
3 credits. 

MGT 860. International Business Management. Theories, concepts, practices and tech- 
niques of conducting business in foreign countries. The strategic issues, the operational 
practices, and the governmental relations of multinational companies are analyzed through 
use of case study, lecture and speakers. Topics include: economic, political and cultural 
integration; trade restrictions and barriers; overseas investment and financing; entry into 
foreign markets and marketing strategies. 3 credits. 

ECN 865. Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, small business, and 
acquisitions. Special attention to entrepreneurial behavior, sources of funding, and actual 
case studies in the development of new enterprises. 3 credits. 

132 



The MBA Program is an 

interdisciplinary 

program ojfered at the 

Annville campus and the 

Lancaster Center. 




MGT 870. Labor Management Relations. Labor Management Relations is directed 
primarily to the understanding of the issues and alternatives arising out of the work place. 
The course provides both an overview of what has been identified as industrial relations as 
well as familiarity with the tools used by its practitioners. Also it will review closely some 
of the more interesting and developing areas of the subject matter. Students will study 
negotiation, administration, wage/fringe issues and contents of labor agreements. Prerequi- 
site: ENG 825. 3 credits. 

ACT 875. Managerial Accounting. This course provides students previously exposed to 
basic financial and managerial accounting principles with an opportunity to study the 
structure and use accounting systems designed to aid management in controlling costs and 
profits. The course stresses financial statement analysis, sources and uses of funds analysis, 
tax implications on managerial decisions, responsibility accounting and the impact of 
inflation. 3 credits. 

MGT 880. Investments and Portfolio Management. This course acquaints the student with 
the tools essential for sound money management. Investment management begins by 
considering the goals of the investor with respect to risk exposure, tax environment, liquidity 
needs and appreciation versus income potentials. Strategies will be developed to satisfy these 
objectives. Mathematical models of portfolio selection to help reduce risk through diversi- 
fication will be developed. Special attention will be paid to the theories of determinants of 
asset prices, including the capital-asset pricing model. Prerequisite: MGT 805. 3 credits. 

ECN885. Managerial Economics. This course focuses on economic planning and decision- 
making in the firm. The study of actual problems is provided by means of case analysis and 
independent study. 3 credits. 



MGT 895. Business Policy. The strategic management of large business entities, including 
the formulation and evaluation of missions, strategies, objectives and policies. Historical and 
current situations are discussed. Cases are widely used and outside research is required. 
Prerequisite: 24 hours of graduate credit. 3 credits. 

133 



DIRECTORY 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE 

Officers ': 

Thomas C. Reinhart Chairperson 

Edward H. Arnold Vice-Chairperson 

John R. Eby Vice-Chairperson 

Elaine G. Hackman Vice-Chairperson 

Harry B. Yost Secretary 

Deborah R. Fullam Treasurer 

Harlan R. Wengert Assistant Treasurer 

Allan W. Mund Chairperson Emeritus 

Elizabeth K. Weisburger Chairperson Emerita 



Trustees 

Edward H. Arnold, B.S., H..H.D.; President, Arnold Industries (1996). 

Katherine J. Bishop, B.A., M.B.A.; Corporate Vice President, Lebanon Chemical Corpora- 
tion (1994). 

Jennifer M. Bullock, Student, Lebanon Valley College (1994) 

Donald M. Cooper, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Hamilton Bank, 
Core States Financial Corporation (1994). 

Wesley T. Dellinger, B.S.; Vice President, J.C. Hauer's Sons, Inc. (1994). 

John R. Eby, B.S., M.B.A.; President, Eby & Associates, Business Consultants (1995). 

Ross W. Fasick, B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; President, Polymers and Automotive Products Division, 
E.I. Du Pont de Nemours Company (1995). 

Rufus A. Fulton, B.A.; President, Fulton Financial Corp. (1995). 

EugenQR.GQesey,B.S.; President, CIB, Inc. (1995). 

Dsirv^mG.G\ick,B.S.; Partner, Click, Stanilla and Siegel( 1996). 

134 



Martin L. Gluntz; B.S., M.S., Ph.D.; Vice President, Manufacturing and Distribution 
Services, Hershey International Ltd. (1996). 

Arthur L. Goldberg, Esq., A.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Goldberg, Katzman and Shipman (1995). 

Elaine G. Hackman, B.A.; Retired Business Executive (1994). 

Bryan V. Hearsey, B.A.,M.A.,Ph.D.; Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Lebanon Valley 
College (1996). 

Wendie DiMatteo Holsinger, B.A.; Chief Executive Officer, A.S.K. Foods, Inc. (1996). 

Lois G. Johnson, B.S., M.Ed.; Chairperson, Department of English, Delaware Technical 
and Community College (1995). 

Gerald D. Kaufman, A.B., B.D., D.D., Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church (1994). 

Bryan R. Mund, B.S., M.B.A.; Principal, Surphratt Investments (1996). 

Thomas C. Reinhart, B.S.; President, T.C.R. Packaging, Inc., Albee-Campbell, Inc., and 
People Seekers (1996). 

John J. Shumaker, B.A., J.D., Member, Pennsylvania State Senate (1994). 

Morton Spector; Vice President and Treasurer, D & H Distributing Co. (1995). 

E. Peter Strickler, B.S.; President, Strickler Insurance Agency, Inc. (1995). 

John A. Synodinos, B.S., M.S.Ed.; President, Lebanon Valley College. 

Susan E. Verhoek, B.A.,M.A.,Ph.D.; Professor of Biology, Lebanon Valley College (1995). 

John A. Walter, B.S., J.D.; President Judge, Lebanon County Court of Common Pleas 
(1995). 

Harlan R. Wengert, B.S., M.B.A., D.Sci.; Chairman, Wengert's Dairy (1996). 

E.D. Williams Jr., L.H.D.; Private Investor (1996). 

J. Dennis Williams, B.A., M.Div., D.Min., D.D.; Pastor, United Methodist Church (1994). 

Samuel A. Willman, B.S., M.Com.; President , Delta Packaging, Inc. (1993). 

Allan F. Wolfe, B.A., M.A.. Ph.D., Professor of Biology, Lebanon Valley College (1994). 



135 



Harry B. Yost, Esq., LL.B., LLM.; Attorney, Appel & Yost (1994). 

Emeriti 

William D. Boswell, Esq., Ph.B., LL.B.; Attorney, Boswell Snyder Tintner & Piccola. 

William D. Bryson, LL.D.; Retired Executive , Walter W. Moyer Company. 

Dewitt M. Essick, A.B., M.S.; Retired Executive, Armstrong World Industries. 

Eugene C. Fish, Esq., B.S., LL.B., J. D.; President, Peerless Industries, Inc.; Chairman of the 
Board, Eastern Foundry Company; Attorney, Romeiica, Fish andScheckter; Senior Partner, 
Tax Associates. 

Thomas W. Guinivan, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church. 

Paul E. Horn, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church. 

Allan W. Mund, LL.D.; Retired Chairman, Ellicott Machine Corporation. 

Harold S. Peiffer, A.B., B.D., S.T.M., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church. 

Kenneth H. Plummer; Retired President, E.D. Plummer Sons, Inc. 

Jessie A. Pratt, B.S.; Retired Administrative Assistant, Legal Division, City of Philadelphia. 

Ezra H. Ranck, A.B., B.D., D.D.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church. 

Melvin S. Rife; Retired Executive, St. Regis Paper Company. 

F. Allen Rutherford Jr., B.S., LL.D.; Retired Principal, Arthur Young and Company. 

Daniel L. Shearer, A.B., B.D., S.T.M.; Retired Pastor, United Methodist Church. 

Elizabeth K. Weisburger, B.S.,Ph.D.,D.Sci.; Retired Chief of Carcinogen Metabolism and 
Toxicology Branch, National Cancer Institute. 

Charles W. Wolfe, B.A., M.Div.; Emeritus Vice President of University Relations, Bucknell 
University. 

Honorary 

Felton E. May, B.A., M.Div., D.D.; Resident Bishop of the Harrishurg Area, United 
Methodist Church. 



136 



Susan M. Morrison, B.A., M.Div., D.D.; Resident Bishop of the Philadelphia Area, United 
Methodist Church. 

Anne B. Sweigart, B.S.; Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Denver and 
Ephrata Telephone Company. 

ADMINISTRATION 

President 

John A. Synodinos, 1988-; B.S., Loyola College, 1959; M.S.Ed., Temple University. 1977. 

AndreaFolkBTomberg, 1992-; E.xecutive Assistant to the President, 1993-; B.A., American 
University, 1973; M.B.A., University of Montana, 1978. 

General College Officers 

Richard F. Charles, 1988-; Vice President for Advancement, 1988-. A.B., Franklin Si- 
Marshall College, 1953. 

Deborah R. Fullam, 1982-; Controller, 1990-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College. 1981 ;M.B.A., 
Philadelphia College of Textiles & Science, 1988. 

Robert E. Hamihon, 1986-; Vice President for Administration, 1990-. A.B., Messiah 
College, 1962; M.Ed., Shippensburg University, 1966; D.Ed., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1972. 

Wilham J. McGill Jr., 1986-; Vice President of the College and Dean of the Faculty, 1986-. 
A.B., Trinity College, 1957; M.A., Harvard University, 1958; Ph.D., 1961. 

Robert A. Riley, 1976-1978, 1988-; Executive Director of Computing and Telecommunica- 
tions, 1988-. B.S., Elizabethtown College, 1976. 

Gregory G. Stanson, 1966-; Vice President for Enrollment and Student Services, 1991-. 
B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1963; M.Ed., University of Toledo, 1966. 



137 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

Academic and Student Affairs 

William J. McGill, Vice President of the College and Dean of the Faculty. 

Cheryl L. Batdorf, 7 99i-; Academic Adviser to the MBA Program, 1 993-. B.S.,Shippensburg 
University, 1983: M.B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1992. 

Karen Diener Best, 1990-; Registrar, 1990-. B.A., Dickinson College, 1989. 

Barbara Jones Denison, 1987-; Associate Director of Continuing Education, 1992-. B.A., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1979; M.A., University of Yoric, 1981; Ph.D., Northwestern 
University, 1985. 

Alice S. Diehl, 1966-; Technical Processes Librarian, 1966-. A.B., Smith College, 1956; 
B.S., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1957; M.L.S., University of Pittsburgh, 1966. 

Rosalyn T. Dronsfield, 1993-; Continuing Education Counselor, 1993-. A.A., Harrisburg 
Area Community College, 1988; B.A., Dickinson College, 1991 . 

Dale J. Erskine, 1983- ; Director, Youth Scholars Institute, 1985-. B.A., University of Maine 
at Portland, 1974; M.A., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1976; Ph.D., University 
of Oklahoma. 1981. 

Elaine D. Feather, 1989-; Director of Continuing Education, 1989-. B.S., State University 
of New York College at Cortland, 1965; M.S., State University of New York College at 
Brockport, 1973. 

Andrew S. Greene, 1990-; Director of Media Services, 1992. B.S., Kutztown University, 
1990. 

Leon E. Markowicz, 1971-; Director of Academic Support Programs, 1990-. A.B., 
Duquesne University, 1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

Daniel B. McKinley, 1988-; Director of Leadership and Student Development Programs, 
1990-. B.S., United States Coast Guard Academy, 1968; M.A.L.S., Wesleyan University, 
1973; M.A., University of Maryland, 1982. 

Mark A. Mentzer, 7992-; Director of the MBA Program, 1992-. B.A., Franklin & Marshall 
College, 1979; M.S., University of Delaware, 1981 ; M.S.. The Johns Hopkins University, 
1983; Ph.D.. University of Delaware, 1986. 



138 



Donna L. Miller, 1986-; Readers' Service Librarian, 1986-. B.S., Millersville University, 
1984; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1993; M.L.S., Drexel University, 1986. 

P. Robert Paustian, 1991-; Librarian, 1991-. B.A., University of Missouri, 1971; M.A., 
University of Kansas, 1975; M.A., University of Missouri, 1979. 

Robert Peregrin, 1993-; Adjunct Catholic Chaplain, 1993-. B.A., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1974; M.Div., Mary Immaculate Seminaty, 1981. 

Suzanne Caldwell Riehl, 7952-; Director ofSpecial Music Programs, 1989- . B. A., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1979; M.M., Westminster Choir College, 1982. 

D. Darrell Woomer, 7992-; Chaplain, 1992-. B.A., Juniata College, 1964; M.Div., 
Pittsburgh Theological Seminaiy, 1969; Th.M., 1972; M.A., Duquesne University, 1986. 



Enrollment and Student Services 

Gregory G. Stanson, Vice President for Enrollment and Student Services. 

Judy Agaoglu, 1993-; Counseling Psychologist, 1993-. B.A., University of Kentucky , 1962; 
M.S., Hahnemann University, 1984. 

Susan Borelli-Wentzel, 1990-; Assistant Director of Admission, 1992-. B.A., Albright 
College, 1989. 

Mark A. Brezitski, 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1989-. B.A., Shippensburg University, 
1985. 

William J. Brown, Jr., 1980- ; Dean of Admission and Financial Aid, 1993-. B.A., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1979; M.B.A., Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science, 1988. 

Kathleen Collins, 799i-; Residence Hall Director, 1993-. B.A., Juniata College, 1992. 

Arlene Doyle, 7992-; Staff Nurse, 1992-. R.N., Diploma, St. Joseph's Hospital, 1961. 

Timothy M. Ebersole, 1986-; Admission Counselor, 1990-. B.S., Shippensburg University, 
1983. 

David C. Evans, 1981-; Dit'ector of Career Planning and Placement, 1989-. B.A., Slippery 
Rock University, 1969; M.Ed., Rutgers University, 1970. 

Jennifer Dawson Evans, 1991-; Director of Student Activities, 1991-. B.S., Kansas State 
University, 1989; M.S., Shippensburg University, 1991. 



139 



Patricia A. Flannery, 1991-; Financial Aid Counselor, 1991-. B.A., Bucknell University, 
1986. 

Donald Friday, 1990- ; Residence Hall Director, 1990-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1990; 
M.B.A.,1993. ' ' 

Russell L. Gingrich, 1971 -; College Physician, 1971 -. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1947; 
M.D., Thomas J ejfer son University, 1951. 

Ronald K. Good, 1983-; Associate Director of Admission, 1991-. B.S. in Ed., Millersville 
University, 1959; M.Ed., 1966. 

JohnT. Hower, 1988-; Counseling Psychologist, 1988-. B.A.,Wheaton College, 1970; M. A., 
Rosemead School of Psychology, 1974; Ph.D., 1977. 

Robert M. Kline, 1970-; College Physician, 1970-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1950; 
M.D., Thomas Jefferson University, 1955; B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1971 . 

David W. Newell, 1992- ; Assistant Dean of Student Services, 1992-. B.A., Heidelberg 
College, 1987; M.S., Bowling Green State University, 1989. 

Heather L. Richardson, 1991-; Admission and Financial Aid Counselor, 1992-. B.S., 
University of Delaware, 1989. 

Susan Sarisky, 1993-; Admission Counselor, 1993-. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 1992. 

Lynell R. Shore, 1990-; Director of Financial Aid, 1992-. B.S., Albright College, 1990. 

Juliana Z. Wolfe, 1975-1978; 1979-; Director of Health Center and Head Nurse, 1979-. 
R.N., Diploma, St. Joseph' s Hospital, 1963. 

Rosemary Yuhas, 1973-; Dean of Student Services, 1991 -. B.S., Lock Haven University, 
1966; M.Ed., West Chester University, 1970. 



Advancement 

Richard F. Charles, Vice President for Advancement. 

Ellen H. Arnold, 1988-; Director of Development, 1991 -. B. A.. Bucknell University^ 1964. 

C. Paul Brubaker Jr., 1989- ; Director of Planned Giving. B.S., Franklin and Marshall 
College, 1952; M.B.A., Wharton Graduate School, University of Pennsylvania, 1955. 



140 



John B. Deamer Jr., 1986-; Director of Sports Information and Athletics Development, 
1992-. B.A., LaSalle University, 1985. 

Shanna P. Gemmill, 1992-; Assistant Director of Annual Giving, 1992-. B.S., Bucknell 
University, 1992. 

Carolyn A. Lauver, 7992-; Director of Annual Giving, 1 992-. B. Mus., College Misericordia, 
1963. 

Jane Marie Paluda, 1990- ; Director of Publications, 1990-. B.A., Moravian College, 1980. 

Judy Pehrson, 1989-; Director of College Relations, 1989-. B.A., University of Michigan, 
1968; M.A., 1972; Certificate for Teaching English as a Second Language, Trinity College, 
London, 1993. 

Mary Beth Strehl, 1990-; Director of Media Relations, 1993- . B. A., Messiah College, 1990. 

Diane E. Wenger, 1989-; Director of Alumni Programs, 1992-. B.A., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1992. 

James H. Woland, 1991-; Director of Authors & Artists, 1992-. B.A., Shippensburg 
University, 1967; M.A., 1969. 



Financial Affairs 

Deborah R. Fullam, Controller and Treasurer. 

Michael J. Gallagher, 1990-; Assistant Controller, 1990-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1983; M.B.A., 1993. 

Dana K. Lesher, 1990-; Assistant, Business Services, 1990-. B.A., Millersville University, 
1977. 

Computing and Telecommunications 

Robert A. Riley, Executive Director of Computing and Telecommunications. 

Keeta K. Cole, 1992-; Assistant to the Director of Administrative Computing, 1992-. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1970. 

Robert J. Dillane, 1985-; Director of Administrative Computing, 1986-. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1977. 



141 



T. Russell Embich Jr., 1992-; Network and Systems Manager, 1992-. A.S., Valley Forge 
Military Junior College, 1989; B.S. , Messiah College, 1992. 

Walter L. Smith, 1961-1969; 1971-; Director of Special Services, 1982-. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1961 ; M.S. in Ed., Temple University, 1967. 

Michael C. Zeigler, 1990-; Director of User Services, 1990-. B.S., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1979. 

Administrative Affairs 

Robert E. Hamilton, Vice President for Administration. 

Harold L. Fessler, 1984-; Director of Maintenance, 1984-. 

Robert E. Hamish, 1967-; Manager of the College Store, 1967-. B.A., Randolph Macon 
College, 1966. 

Margaret A. Lahr, 1988-; Director of Housekeeping, 1988-. 

George F. Lovell Jr., 1988-; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds, 1988-. 

James P. Monos, 1986- ; Assistant Director of Athletics for Recruitment and Retention, 
1992-. B.S., Shippenshurg University, 1972; M.Ed., Western Maryland College, 1978. 

Louis A. Sorrentino, 7977-; Director of Athletics, 1981 -. B. A., Lebanon Valley, 1954; M.S., 
Bucknell University, 1961 . 

Kathleen Tiemey, 1983-; Assistant Director of Athletics, Coordinator of Summer Sports 
Camps, 1988-. B.S., State University of New York at Brockport, 1979. 

Kevin R. Yeiser, 1982-; Director of Grounds, 1982-. 

Allen R. Yingst, 7959-; Director of Security and Safety, 1990-. 

Athletics 

Timothy M. Ebersole, 7956-; Baseball Coach, 1990-; Assistant Football Coach, 1986-. 

Patrick J. Flannery, 79S9-; Men's Basketball Coach, 1989-. B.A., Bucknell University, 1980; 
M.S., 1983. 

Peg A. Kauffman, 1993- ; Women s Basketball Coach , 1993- . B.A.,MillersviUe University, 
1987; M.Ed, 1991. 

142 



Lawrence M. Larthey, 1988- ; Wrestling Coach, 1988-. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1972. 

Dale Light, 7997-; Head Tennis Coach, 1991 -. 

James P. Monos Jr., 1986- ; Football Coach, 1986- ; Assistant Director of Athletics for 
Recruitment and Retention, 1992-. 

Wayne Perry, 1987- ; Women' s Volleyball Coach, 1988- . B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1978. 

Mark Pulisic, 7992-; Head Soccer Coach, 1993-. 

O. Kent Reed, 1971 -; Men's Track and Field Coach, Men's and Women's Cross-Country 
Coach, 1971-. B.S., Otterbein College, 1956; M.A., Eastern Kentucky University, 1970. 

Louis A. Sorrentino, Director of Athletics, 1971 -; Golf Coach, 1989-. 

James E. Stark, 1986-; Athletic Trainer, 1 986-. B.S., Lock Haven University, 1983; M.Ed., 
Shippensburg University, 1986. 

Kathleen M. Tiemey, 1983-; Assistant Director of Athletics, Coordinator of Summer Sports 
Camps, 1988- ; Field Hockey Coach, 1983 -. 



143 



FACULTY 



Active 

Howard L. Applegate, 1983-; Associate Professor of History and American Studies. 
Chairperson of the Department of History and American Studies. B.A., Drew University, 
1957: M.A., Syracuse University, 1960: Ph.D., 1966. 

SharonO. Arnold, 1986-: Associate Professor of Sociology. B .A ., University of Akron , 1964: 
M.A., 1967. 

Susan L. Atkinson, 1987-: Associate Professor of Education. B.S., Shippensburg Univer- 
sity, 1972: M.Ed., (Elementary Education) 1973: M.Ed., (Special Education), 1979: D.Ed., 
Temple University, 1987. 

Philip A. Billings, 1970- : Professor of English. Chairperson of the Department of English. 
B.A., Heidelberg College, 1965: M.A., Michigan State University, 1967: Ph.D., 1974. 

Marie B. Bongiovanni, 1990-: Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Temple University, 
1977: M.B.A., Drexel University, 1982. 

Donald C. Boone, 1988- : Assistant Professor of Hotel Management. B.A., Michigan State 
University, 1964: M.B.A., 1966. 

James H. Broussard, 1983-: Professor of History. A.B., Harvard University, 1963: M.A., 
Duke University, 1965: Ph.D., 1968. 

Donald Eugene Brown, 1983-: Professor of Political Science. B.S., Western Illinois 
University, 1969: M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1973: Ph.D., 1982. 

Donald E. Byrne, Jr., 1971 -: Professor of Religion. Director of the American Studies 
Program. B.A., St. Paul Seminary, 1963: M. A., Marquette University, 1966: Ph.D., Duke 
University, 1972. 

Joseph H. Clapper, 1992- : Assistant Professor of Education. B.S., Shippensburg University, 
1978: M.Ed., 1984: Ed.D., The Pennsylvania State University, 1992. 

Sharon F. Clark, 1986- : Associate Professor of Management. Chairperson of the Depart- 
ment of Management. B.A., University of Richmond, 1969: J. D., 1971. 

Richard D. Cornelius, 1985-: Professor of Chemistry. Chairperson of the Department of 
Chemistry. B.A., Carleton College, 1969: Ph.D., University of Iowa, 1974. 



144 



SalvatoreS. Cullari, 1986- ; Associate Professor of Psychology. B.A.,Kean College, 1974; 
MA., Western Michigan University, 1976; Ph.D., 1981. (On leave, 1993-1994) 

George D. Curfman, 1961-; Professor of Music. B .S .,LehanonValley College , 1953 ; M.M., 
University of Michigan, 1957; D.Ed., Pennsylvania State University, 1971 . 

Donald B. Dahlberg, 1980- ; Professor of Chemistry . B.S., University of Washington, 1967; 
M.S., Cornell University, 1969; Ph.D., 1971. 

Michael A. Day, 1987-; Associate Professor of Physics. Chairperson of the Department of 
Physics. B.S., University of Idaho, 1969; M. A. ,1975, Ph.D., 1977, University of Nebraska 
(Philosophy). M.S., 1978, Ph.D., 1983, University of Nebraska (Physics). 

Phylis C. Dryden, 79S7-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Atlantic Union College, 1976; 
M.A., State University of New York at Albany, 1985; Ph.D., 1988. (On leave. Spring 1994) 

Scott H. Eggert, 1983- ; Associate Professor of Music. B.F.A., University of Wisconsin 
(Milwaukee), 1971; M.A., University of Chicago, 1974; D.M.A., University of Kansas, 1982. 

Dale J.Erskine, 795i-; Professor of Biology. Director of the Youth Scholars Institute. B.A., 
University of Maine at Portland, 1974; M. A., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1976; 
Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1981. 

Arthur L. Ford, 1965- ; Professor of English. Associate Dean for International Programs. 
A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1959; M.A., Bowling Green State University, 1960; Ph.D., 
1964. 

Michael D. Fry, 1983-; Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., Immaculate 
Heart College, 1975; Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1980. ■ 

Michael A. Grella, 1980-; Professor of Education. Chairperson of the Department of 
Education. B.A., St. Mary's Seminary and University, 1958; M.A.. West Virginia University, 
1970; Ed.D., 1974. 

Gary Grieve-Carlson, 1990-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Bates College, 1977; 
M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1980; Ph.D., Boston University, 1988. 

Klement M. Hambourg, 1982-; Associate Professor of Music. A. T. CM., Royal Conserva- 
tojy of Music, 1946; L.R.A.M., Royal Academy of Music, 1962; A.R.C.M., Royal College 
of Music, 1962; L.T.C.L., Trinity College of Music (London), 1965; Fellow, 1966; D.M.A., 
University of Oregon, 1977. 

Carolyn R. Hanes, 1977-; Professor of Sociology and Social Work. Chairperson of the 
Departmentof Sociology and Social Work. B.A., Central Michigan University, 1969; M.A., 
University of New Hampshire, 1973; Ph.D., 1976. 

145 



Bryan V. Hearsey, 197 1-; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., Western Washington 
State College, 1964; M.A., Washington State University, 1966; Ph.D., 1968. 

Robert H. Hearson, 1986-; Associate Professor of Music. B. Music, University of Iowa, 
1964; M.A., 1965; Ed.D., University of Illinois, 1983. ■ 

JohnH.Heffner,/ 9 72-; Professor of Philosophy . B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 1968; A.M., 
Boston University, 1971; Ph.D., 1976. (On leave, 1993-1994) 

Paul A. Heise, 1991-; Assistant Professor of Economics. B.S.F.S., Georgetown University, 
1958; M.A.,1963; M.P.A., Harvard University, 1972; Ph.D., New School for Social 
Research, 1991. 

Jeanne C. Hey, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Economics. B. A. ,Bucknell University, 1954; 
M.B.A., Lehigh University, 1982; Ph.D., 1990. 

Anne R. Higginbottom, 1990-; Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Syracuse University, 
1970; M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1983. 

Barry R. Hill, 1993- ; Instructor of Music. Director of the Sound Recording Technology 
Program. B.S. Music, University of North Carolina at Asheville, 1989. 

Barry L. Hurst, 7 9S2-; Associate Professor of Physics. B.S., Juniata College, 1972; Ph.D., 
University of Delaware, 1982. 

Diane M. Iglesias, 1976- ; Professor of Spanish. Chairperson of the Department of Foreign 
Languages. B.A., Queens College, 1971; M. A. ,1974; Ph.D. , City University of NewYork, 
1979. (On leave. Spring 1994) 

Richard A. Joyce, 7966-; Associate Professor of History. A.B. , Yale University, 1952 ; M.A., 
San Francisco State College, 1963. 

John P. Kearney, 1971-; Professor of English. B.A., St. Benedict' s College, 1962; M.A., 
University of Michigan, 1963; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1968. 

David I. Lasky, 1974-; Professor of Psychology. Chairperson of the Department of 
Psychology. A.B., Temple University, 1956; M.A., 1958; Ph.D., 1961. 

Robert W. Leonard, 1988-; Assistant Professor of Management. B.A., Ohio University, 
1977; M.A., St. Francis School of Industrial Relations, 1978; M.B.A., The Ohio State 
University, 1986. 

Thomas Jyu-cheng Liu, 1990-; Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.S., Tatung 
Institute of Technology, 1979; M.S. in Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois at 
Chicago, 1983; M.S. in Mathematics, 1985; Ph.D., 1988. 

146 



Leon E. Markowicz, 1971-; Professor of Leadership Studies. A.B., Duquesne University, 
1964; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1968; Ph.D., 1972. 

Virginia B. Marshall, 1993-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.A., West Virginia 
Wesleyan College, 1969; M.Ed., Slippery Rock State College, 1973; Ph.D., Ohio State 
University, 1983. 

JoergW. P. Mayer, 1970- ; Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Dipl. Math., University of 
G lessen, 1953; Ph.D., 1954. 

Mark L. Mecham, 1990- ; Associate Professor of Music. Chairperson of the Department of 
Music. B.M.,University of Utah. 1976; M.M.,1978; D.M. A., University of Illinois, 1985. 

Owen A. Moe, Jr., 1973-; Professor of Chemistry. B.A., St. Olafs College, 1966; Ph.D., 
Purdue University, 1971 . 

Philip B. Morgan, 1969-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.E., Pittsburg State University 
(Kansas), 1962; M.S., 1965. 

John D. Norton, 1971-; Professor of Political Science. Chairperson of the Department of 
Political Science and Economics. B.A., University of Illinois, 1965; M.A., Florida State 
University, 1967; Ph.D., American University, 1973. 

Jan Pedersen, 1989-; Assistant Professor of Psychology. B.A., State University of New York 
at Stony Brook, 1978; Ph.D., 1985. 

Sidney Pollack, 7976-; Professor of Biology. B.A., New York University, 1963; Ph.D., 
University of Pennsylvania, 1970. (On leave. Spring 1994) 

Barney T. Raffield III, 1990-; Associate Professor of Management. B.B.A., Southern 
Methodist University, 1968; M.B.A., 1971; Ph.D., Union Graduate School, 1982. 

Sharon Hall Raffield, 1990- ; Associate Professor of Sociology and Social Work. Director 
of the Honors Program. A.B., Wheaton College, 1963; M.S.W., Washington University, 
1967. 

O. Kent Reed, 1971 -; Associate Professor of Physical Education. Director of the Depart- 
ment of Physical Education. B.S., Otterhein College, 1956; M.A., Eastern Kentucky 
University, 1970. 

C. RobertRose, 1981-; Associate Professor of Music. B.M.Ed. ,SouthernIllinois University, 
1964; M.M., 1966; D.M., Indiana University, 1978. 

Gail A. Sanderson, 1983-; Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.A., Hohart and William 
Smith Colleges, 1970; M.B.A., Boston University, 1977. 

147 



James W.Scott, 7976-; Professor of German. Director of General Education. B.A., Juniata 
College, 1965; Ph.D., Princeton University, 1971 . ;• * 

Steven M. Specht, 1989- ; Assistant Professor of Psychology . B.S., State University of New 
York at Oswego, 1982; M.A., State University of New York at Binghamton, 1987; Ph.D., 
1988. 

Joelle L. Stopkie, 7959-; Associate Professor of French. Licence, Sorbonne, 1960; M.A., 
New York University, 1963; Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College, 1979. 

Dale E. Summers, 1990-; Assistant Professor of Education. Director of Elementary and 
Secondary School Relations. B.S., Ball State University, 1971 ; M. A. ,1973; Ed.D.,1978. 

DennisW.Sweigart,7 9 72-; Professor of Music. B.S.,LehanonValley College, 1963; M.M., 
University of Michigan, 1965; D.M.A., University of Iowa, 1977. 

Warren K. A. Thompson, 1967-; Associate Professor of Philosophy. Acting Chairperson 
of the Department of Religion and Philosophy, 1993-1994. A.B., Trinity University, 1957; 
M.A., University of Texas, 1963. 

Horace W. Tousley, 1981 -; Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. Chairperson of 
the Department of Mathematical Sciences. A.B., Ripon College, 1951 ; M.S.I.E., (OR) 
University of Alabama, 1970. 

Mark A. Townsend, 1983-; Associate Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.S., Bethany 
Nazarene College, 1965; M.A., Oklahoma University, 1969; Ed.D., Oklahoma State 
University, 1983. (On leave. Fall 1993) 

Perry J. Troutman, I960-; Professor of Religion. B.A., Houghton College, 1949; M.Div., 
United Theological Seminary, 1952; Ph.D., Boston University, 1964. 

Susan E. Verhoek, 1974-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Ohio Wesleyan University, 1964; 
M.A., Indiana University, 1966; Ph.D., Cornell University, 1975. 

Carl T. Wigal, 1993- ; Assistant Professor of Chemistry . A.S., College of Mount Saint Joseph, 
1984; B.S., University of Cincinnati, 1986; Ph.D., Miami University, 1990. 

Stephen E. Williams, 797i-; Professor of Biology. B.A., Central College, 1964; M.S., 
University of Tennessee, 1966; Ph.D., Washington University, 1971 . 

Barbara S. Wirth, 1987-; Assistant Professor of Accounting, 1988. B.A., Lehigh University, 
1979; M.B.A., 1985. 

PaulL. Wolf, 7966-; Professor of Biology. Chairperson of the Department of Biology. B.S., 
Elizabethtown College, 1960; M.S., University of Delaware, 1963; Ph.D., 1968. 

148 



Allan F.Wolfe, 7 965-; Professor of Biology. B.A.,Gettyshwg College, 1963; M. A., Drake 
University, 1965; Ph.D., University of Vermont, 1968. 

Andres Zamora, 7992-; Assistant Professor of Spanish. B.A., Universidad Complutense de 
Madrid, 1984; M.A., Auburn University, 1986; M.A., University of Southern California, 
1989. 

Emeriti 

Madelyn J. Albrecht, 1973-1990; Associate Professor Emerita of Education. B. A., Northern 
Baptist College, 1952; M.A., Michigan State University, 1958; Ph.D., 1972. 

Richard C. Bell, 1966-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1941; M.Ed., Temple University, 1955. 

James O. Bemesderfer, 1959-1976; Chaplain Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 
1936; M.Div., UnitedTheological Seminary, 1939; S .T .M ., LutheranTheological Seminary , 
Philadelphia, 1945; S.T.D.. Temple University. 1951. 

Eloise P. Brown, 1961-1987; Readers' Services Librarian Emerita. B.S.L.S. Simmons 
College, 1946. 

VoorhisC. Cantrell, 1968-1992; Professor Emeritus of ReligionandGreek. B.A., Oklahoma 
City University, 1952; B.D., Southern Methodist University, 1956; Ph.D., Boston Univer- 
sity, 1967. 

D. Clark Carmean, 1933-1972; Director Emeritus of Admissions. A.B., Ohio Wesleyan 
University, 1926; M.A., Columbia University, 1932. 

Charles T. Cooper, 1965-1979; Associate Professor Emeritus of Spanish. B.S., U.S. Naval 
Academy, 1942; M.A., Middleburg College, 1932. 

Hilda M. Damns, 1963-1976; Professor Emerita of German. M.A., University of Berlin and 
Jena, 1932; Ph.D., University of Berlin, 1945. 

Robert S. Davidon, 1970-1984; Professor Emeritus of Psychology, 1985. A.B., University 
of Illinois, 1940; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1946; Ph.D., 1951. 

Carl Y. Ehrhart, 1947-1983; Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Dean of the College 
Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College , 1940 ; M.Div., UnitedTheological Seminary , 1943; 
Ph.D., Yale University ,1954. 

William H. Fairlamb, 1947-1990; Professor Emeritus of Music. Mus. B., cum laude, 
Philadelphia Conservatory, 1949. 



149 



Elizabeth M. Geffen, 1958-1983; Professor Emerita of History. B.S., University of 
Pennsylvania, 1934; M.A., 1936; Ph.D., 1958. 

Pierce A. Getz, 1959-1990; Professor Emeritus of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1951; M.S.M., Union Theological Seminaiy School of Sacred Music, 1953; A.M.D., 
Eastman School of Music, 1967. 

June E. Herr, 1959-1980; Associate Professor Emerita of Elementary Education. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1943; M.Ed., The Pennsylvania State University. 1954. 

Thomas A. Lanese, 1954-1978; Associate Professor Emeritus of Strings, Conducting, and 
Theory. B. Mus., Baldwin-Wallace College, 1938; Fellowship, Julliard Graduate School; 
M.Mus., Manhattan School of Music, 1952. 

Jean O. Love, 1954-1985; Professor Emerita of Psychology. A.B.,Erskine College, 1941 ; 
M.A., Winthrop College, 1949; Ph.D., University of North Carolina, 1953. 

George R. Marquette, 1951-1990; Vice President Emeritus for Student Affairs. A.B., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1948; M.A., Columbia University, 1951 ; Ed.D., Temple Univer- 
sity, 1967. 

Anna D. Faber McVay, 1954-1976; Professor Emerita of English. A.B., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1948; M.A., University of Wisconsin, 1950; Ph.D., 1954. 

Howard A. Neidig, 1948-1985; Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1943; M.S., University of Delaware, 1946; Ph.D., 1948. 

Agnes B.O'Donnell, 1961-1987; Professor Emerita of English. A.B.,Immaculata College, 
1948; M.Ed., Temple University, 1952; M.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1967; Ph.D., 
1976. 

J. Robert O'Donnell, 1961-1987; Associate Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S., The 
Pennsylvania State University, 1950; M.S., University of Delaware, 1953. 

Gerald J. Petrofes, 1963-1988; Associate Professor Emeritus of Physical Education. B.S., 
Kent State University, 1958; M.Ed., 1962. 

Sara E. Piel, 1960-1975; Professor Emerita of Foreign Languages. A.B., Chatham College, 
1928; M.A., University of Pittsburgh, 1929; Ph.D., 1938. 

Jacob L. Rhodes, 1957-1985; Professor Emeritus of Physics. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1943; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1958. 



150 



Robert C. Riley, 1951-1986; Professor Emeritus of Economics and Business Administra- 
tion; Vice President andControUer Emeritus. B .S ., Shippensburg State College , 1 94 1 ; M.S., 
Columbia University, 1947; Ph.D., New York University, 1962; C.P.M., 1976. 

Malin Ph. Saylor, 1961-1980; Professor Emerita of French, 1985. Fil Kand., Universities 
ofUpsala and Stockholm, 1938. 

Ralph S. Shay, 1948-1951; 1953-1984; Professor Emeritus of History and Assistant Dean 
of the College Emeritus. A.B., Lebanon Valley College, 1942; A.M., University of 
Pennsylvania, 1947; Ph.D., 1962. 

Robert W. Smith, 1951-1983; Professor Emeritus of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley College, 
1939; M.A., Columbia University, 1950. 

James M. Thurmond, 1954-1979; Professor Emeritus of Music Education and Brass. 
Diploma, Curtis Institute of Music, 1931 ; A.B., American University, 1951 ; M.A., Catholic 
University, 1952; Mus.D., Washington College of Music, 1944. 

C. F. Joseph Tom, 1954-1989; Professor Emeritus of Economics. B.A., Hastings College, 
1944; M.A., University of Chicago, 1947; Ph.D., 1963. 

L. Elbert Wethington, 1963-1983; Professor Emeritus of Religion. B.A.,Wake Forest, 1944; 
B.D., Divinity School of Duke University, 1947; Ph.D., Duke University. 

Glenn H. Woods, 1965-1990; Associate Professor Emeritus of English. A.B., Lebanon 
Valley College, 1951; M.Ed., Temple University^ 1962. 



Adjunct 

Michael J. Asken, 1986-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. B.A., The Johns 
Hopkins University, 1972; M.A., West Virginia University, 1974; Ph.D., 1976. 

Robert W. Biddle Jr., 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor of Hotel Management. B.S.,The Pennsylva- 
nia State University, 1977; M.S., 1988. 

Leslie E. Bowen, 1993-; Adjunct Instructor of Art. B.S.A., Moore College of Art, 1972; 
M.F.A., Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, 1993. 

Teresa M. Bowers, 1978-; Adjunct Instructor of Music. B.M., Susquehanna University, 
1973; M.S., Ohio State University, 1974. 

Erwin P. Chandler, 1978-; Adjunct Assistant Professor Music. B.S., Ithaca College, 1966; 
M.M., Indiana University, 1971. 



151 



Kim W. Dalton, 1990-; Adjunct Instructor of Psychology. A.A., Emmanuel College, 1977; 
B.S., The Pennsylvania State University, 1983; M.S., Millersville University, 1985. 

Gregory L. Davis, 1991-; Graduate Adjunct Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.A., 
Gettysburg College, 1981 ; M.B.A., York College of Pennsylvania, 1988. 

Timothy M. Dewald, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor of Mathematical Sciences. B.A., Dickinson 
College, 1970; M.Div., Andover Newton Theological School, 1975. 

James A. Erdman II, 1 983-; Adjunct Instructor of Music. 

Timothy M. Erdman, 1988-; Adjunct Instructor of Music. B.S., Temple University, 1970. 

Dennis N. Eshleman, I985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Marketing. M.B.A., Columbia 
University, 1977. 

William R. Fisher, 1991-; Adjunct Instructor of Education. B.S., Millersville University, 
1954; M.Ed., Temple University, 1964. 

V. Carl Gacono, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Real Estate. B.S., Susquehanna 
University, 1953. 

Frederick L. Gahres, 1993-; Adjunct Instructor of Education. B.S.,Stroudsburg University, 
1954; M.Ed., Temple University, 1961. 

Deborah L. Geiger, 1 993-; Adjunct Instructor of Military Science. M.S. , Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute; Captain, United States Army. 

Robert D. Gingrich, 1985-; Adjunct Instructor of Social Work. M.S., Moravian College, 
1968. 

Donald C. Hoepfer, 1992- ; Adjunct Instructor of Philosophy. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 
1989; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University, 1990. 

James S. Hume, 1983-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. M.S., 
Virginia State College, 1970. 

Ordelia W. Jennings, 1992- ; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Accounting. B.A., Washington 
College, 1976; M.B.A., Rutgers University, 1979. 

Cynthia R. Johnston, 1 991 - ; Adjunct Instructor of Chemistry. B.S. , Lebanon Valley College, 
1987. 

G. Daniel Massad, 1985- ; Adjunct Instructor of Art and Literature. B.A., Princeton 
University, 1969; M.A., University of Chicago, 1977; M.F.A., University of Kansas, 1982. 

152 



Joseph D. Mixon, 1991 -; Adjunct Instructor of Music. B. A., Moravian College, 1981 ; M.M., 
Combs College of Music, 1990. 

John F. Nau Jr., 1993-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences. B.S., United 
States Military Academy, 1962; M.S., Renssalaer Polytechnic Institute, 1971 . 

Robert A. Nowak, 1988- ; Adjunct Instructor in Music. B.S., Mansfield State College, 1973; 
M.M., University of Miami, 1975. 

Thomas L. Oetjen, 199 1 -; Adjunct Professor ofMilitaij Science. M.A . , Middlehury College; 
Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army. 

Lawrence Oncley, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor of Music. B.S., University of Puget Sound, 
1963; B.Mus., 1964; M.Mus., Indiana University, 1968; Ph.D., 1975. 

Joseph E. Peters, 1974-; Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology. Ph.D., The Pennsylva- 
nia State University, 1973. 

Holly L. Preston, 1987- ; Adjunct Instructor of Sociology. B.S.W., Shippensburg University, 
1977; M.S.W., Mai-ywood College, 1981. 

John E. Pogue, 1992-; Adjunct Instructor of Philosophy. B.A., Franklin and Marshall 
College, 1982; M.A., Tufts University, 1987. 

Kevin B. Pry, 1991 -; Adjunct Assistant Professor of English. B.A., Lebanon Valley College, 
1976; M.A., The Pennsylvania State University, 1980; Ph.D., 1984. 

Christine J. Rhoads, I989-; Adjunct Instructor of Management. B.S., Kutztown University, 
1982; M.Ed., Temple University, 1985; Ed.D., Lehigh University, 1990. 

Kirk W. Seibert, 1991 -; Adjunct Instructor of Management. B.A., The Pennsylvania State 
University, 1969; M.S., Cornell University, 1973 ;D.S.W., University of Pennsylvania, 1982. 

Steven J. Snyder, 1991-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Religion. A.B., University of 
Missouri, Columbia; B.J., 1978; M.Div., Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, 1985. 

William F. Stine III, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor of Sound Recording Technology. B.S., 
Lebanon Valley College, 1969; M.A., West Chester University, 1975. 

Thomas M. Strohman, 1977-1983; 1987-; Adjunct Instructor of Music. B.S., Lebanon Valley 
College, 1975. 

LindaL. Summers, 1 991 -; Adjunct Instructor of Education. B.S., Ball State University, 1972; 
M.A., 1977. 



153 



Ford S. Thompson, 1985-; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychology. M.A., George 
Washington University, 1967. 

Anna F. Tilberg, 1982- ; Adjunct Instructor of Biology. B.A., University of Pennsylvania, 
1969. 

Hui-Liang (Jeff) Tsai, 1988- ; Adjunct Assistant Professor of Management. M.S. (Statistics), 
Florida State University, 1971; M.S. (Economics), 1974; Ph.D., 1976. 

Richard J. Tushup, 1989- ; Adjunct Instructor of Psychology. A.B., St. Vincent Seminary; 
M.A., 1971; Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1977. 

R. Gordon Wise, 1973-; Adjunct Professor of Art. Ed.D., University of Missouri, 1970. 

Robert J. Zampino, 1992-; Adjunct Instructor of Management. B.S.C., Ohio University, 
1955; M.B.A., Michigan State University, 1963. 



Adjuncts in Medical Technology 

Harrishurg Hospital: Medical Director of Laboratories, Him Kwee, M.D.; Program 
Director, Judith K. Clark, M.Ed., M.T.(ASCP) 

Jersey Shore Medical Center: Medical Director, Martin Krummerman, M.D.; Program 
Director, Perla Simmons, M.P.A., M.T.(ASCP),S.H. 

Lancaster General Hospital: Director, Gerald Fahs, M.D.; Program Director, Nadine 
Gladfelter, M.S., M.T.(ASCP) 

Polyclinic Medical Center of Harrishurg: Director, Frank R. Rudy, M.D.; Program Director, 
Susan Guiswite, M.T.(ASCP),SBB. 

Reading Hospital and Medical Center : Director, I. Donald Stuard, M.D.; Program Director, 
Sharon Strauss, CLS(NCA)M.T.{ASCP) 

Sacred Heart Hospital: Director, Francis V. Kostelnik, M.D.; Program Director, Sandra A. 
Neiman, M.T.(ASCP),CLS. 



154 



COLLEGE SUPPORT STAFF 

Kathleen R. Anspach Print Shop and Mail Services 

Susan R. Aungst Library 

Nancy M. Bieber Business Office 

Marilyn E. Boeshore Alumni Office 

Dorothy A. Brehm Media Center 

Donna L. Brickley Computing and Telecommunications Office 

Judy E. Burger Humanities Departments 

Vicki J. Cantrell Financial Aid Office 

Lewis H. Cooke Jr Athletic Equipment Manager 

Susan Donmoyer Chaplain's Office 

Monika Edwards Continuing Education Office 

Candice Falger Chemistry and Physics Departments 

Beverly J. Gamble Student Affairs Office 

Jo Lynn Gerber Advancement Office 

Susan M. Greenawalt Continuing Education Office 

Virginia Hainley Continuing Education Office 

Nancy J. Hartman Business Office 

Pamela S. Hillegas Athletic Office 

Alice L. Kohr Student Affairs Office 

Charlene R. Kreider Advancement Office 

G. Roz Kujovsky Library 

Pamela V. Lambert Arnold Sport Center 

Patricia A. Laudermilch Registrar's Office 

Diana L. Levengood Advancement Office 

Bonnie L. Lingle Music Department 

Julie Longenecker College Relations Office 

Karen R. McLucas Admission Office 

Gwendolyn W. Pierce Administration and Controller Offices 

Cindy A. Plasterer Admission Office 

Christine M. Reeves Advancement Office 

Charlotte J. Rittle Management Department 

Sally A. Rivera Biology, Psychology and Sociology Departments 

Ann Saftstrom Education Department 

Denise D. Sanders Mathematical Science Department 

Harry Schools Arnold Sport Center 

Patricia A. Schools Career Planning and Placement Office 

Jacqueline F. Showers Telephone Console Attendant 

Barbara A. Smith Vice President of the College and Dean of the Faculty Office 

Denise N. Smith President of the College Office 

Ingeborg M. Snoke Advancement Office 

EllaK. Stott Library 

Pamela J. Stoudt .....Library 

Linda L. Summers Registrar's Office 

Bonnie C. Tenney Buildings and Grounds Office 

Beverly Yingst Arnold Sport Center 

Susan B. Zearing Admission Office 

155 



THE CHRISTIAN R. AND MARY F. LINDBACK 
DISTINGUISHED TEACHING AWARDS 

The Lindback Awards for distinguished teaching are supported by grants from the Christian 
R. and Mary F. Lindback Foundation. The Lindback Award recipients, who must be full- 
time members of the Lebanon Valley College faculty, are selected by the president of the 
college after appropriate consultation with alumni, students, faculty and staff. 

Previous Awavdees 

1985 Leon E. Markowicz, Ph.D., Professor of English 

1986 Carolyn R. Hanes, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology and Social Work and 
Leadership Studies 

1987 Donald E. Byrne, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Religion 

1987 Mark A. Townsend, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences 

1988 William H. Fairlamb. Mus.B., Professor of Music 

1989 Paul L. Wolf, Ph.D., Professor of Biology 

1990 Owen A. Moe Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry 

1991 Scott H. Eggert, D.M. A., Associate Professor of Music 

1992 Gary Grieve-Carlson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English 

1993 Diane M. Iglesias, Ph.D., Professor of Spanish 

THE NE VELYN J. KNISLE Y 
AWARD FOR INSPIRATIONAL TEACHING 

In 1988, Lebanon Valley College created an award for part-time and adjunct members of the 
college faculty similar to the philosophy of the Lindbach Award. The first awardee was 
Nevelyn J. Knisley. After the presentation of the first award, the president of the college 
named this series of awards for Mrs. Knisley in recognition for her twenty-four years of 
inspired teaching in music. 

Previous Awardees 

1988 Nevelyn J. Knisley, M.F.A., Adjunct Associate Professor of Music 

1989 Carolyn B. Scott, B.A., Adjunct Instructor in French 

1990 Michael J. Asken, Ph.D., Adjunct Associate Professor of Psychology 

1991 Joanne Cole Rosen, B.A., Adjunct Assistant Professor of Chemistry 

1992 Kevin B. Pry, Ph.D., Adjunct Assistant Professor of English - '' 

1993 Thomas M. Strohman, B.S., Adjunct Instructor of Music 



156 



ACCREDITATION 

Lebanon Valley College is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle 
States Association of Colleges and Schools. 

Lebanon Valley College is also accredited by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, the 
National Association of Schools of Music and the American Chemical Society. 

Lebanon Valley College is on the approved list of the Regents of the State University of New 
York and of the American Association of University Women. 

Lebanon Valley College is a member of the following: American Association of Colleges; 
National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities; Pennsylvania Foundation 
for Independent Colleges; College Entrance Examination Board; College Scholarship 
Service; Council of Independent Colleges; National Collegiate Athletic Association; Middle 
Atlantic States Collegiate Athletic Conference; Penn-Mar Athletic Conference; Central 
Pennsylvania Field Hockey Association; Eastern College Athletic Conference. 




Students meet informally prior to class. 
157 



CAMPUS MAP 



Lebanon 

Valley 

College 




ACADEMIC AND 
ADMINISTRATIVE QUADRANGLE 
Humanities Center and Administrative Offices: 

Academic Departments: English Department, Foreign Lan- 
guages Department, History & American Studies Department, 
Political Science & Economics Department, Religion & 
Philosophy Department, Sociology & Social Work Depart- 
ment 

Administrative Offices: Business Office, Controller & Trea- 
surer, Continuing Education, Copy Center, Mail Room, 
MBA Office, Media Services, President, Registrar, Secre- 
tary of the College, Security & Safety, Telephone Services, 
Vice President & Dean of the College, Vice President for 
Administration 

Blair Music Center: Music Department, Education Depart- 
ment, Lutz Recital Hall, Sound Recording Technology 
Studios, Art Studios 
Miller Chapel: Chaplain 

Lynch Memorial Hall: Intercollegiate Athletics, Emmett C. 
Roop Management Department Wing, William H. Lodge 
Mathematical Sciences Center, Computer Services 
Maintenance Center 

Garber Sciences Center: Biology Department, Chemistry 
Department, Physics Department, Psychology Department 
Gossard Library 

Carnegie Building: Admission and Financial Aid 
Laughlin Hall: Advancement Offices: Alumni Programs, 
Annual Giving, College Relations, Development, Planned 
Giving 

10. Wagner House: Student Services Offices 

11. Friendship House: Academic Sup|X)rt Center, 
Leadership Studies, International Culture Club 

12. Pencil Building: Lebanon Valley Child Care & Learning 
Center 



2. 



RESIDENTIAL QUADRANGLE 

14. Allan W. Mund College Center: Conference Services, 
Dining Halls, LilUe Theatre, Student Activities Offices, 
Career Planning & Placement, WLVC 

15. Mary Capp Green Residence Hall 

16. Vickroy Residence Hall 

17. Keister Residence Hall 

18. Hammond Residence Hall 

19. Funkhouser Residence Hall 

20. Silver Residence Hall 

21. North College Residence Hall 

22. Shroyer Health Center 

23. Centre Residence Hall 

24. Lynch Gymnasium 

ARNOLD SPORTS & RECREATION COMPLEX 

25. Arnold Sports & Recreation Complex 

26. Edward H. Arnold Sports Center: Indoor Track, Pool, 
Recreational Facihties, Physical Education 

27. Henry & Gladys Arnold Football Stadium & All-weather 
Track 

28. Soccer Field 

29. Baseball Field 

30. Field Hockey Field 

31. Tennis Courts 

32. Softball Field 

OTHER FACILITIES 

33. Kreiderheim: President's Residence 

34. West Campus Entrance 

35. South Campus Entrance 

36. Bollinger Plaza 

37. Heating Plant 

38. Annville United Methodist Church 

39. Art Gallery 

40. Maintenance Offices 



PARKING LOTS (41-48) 



158 



INDEX 



Academic dishonesty policy 

undergraduate 16 

graduate 129 

Academic procedures 

undergraduate 7 

graduate 127 

Accounting program 

courses 60 

department 41 

faculty 42 

major 60 

minor 60 

Accreditation 157 

Actuarial science program 

courses 62 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 61 

Admissions 

undergraduate full-time 4 

undergraduate part-time 5 

continuing education 5 

graduate 127 

Administration 137 

Advanced placement 12 

Allied health science 

cooperative program 25 

American studies program 

courses 63 

department 40 

faculty 41 

major 62 

Art program 

courses 63 

department 30 

faculty 30 

minor 63 

Associate degrees 7 

Attendance policy 1 1 

Auditing policy 10 

Baccalaureate degrees 7 

Biochemistry program 

courses 64 



major 64 

requirements 64 

Biology program 

courses 65 

department 30 

faculty 30 

major 65 

Botany courses 66 

Calendar 164 

Certificate programs 5 

Challenge examinations 13 

Chemistry program 

courses 68 

department 32 

faculty 33 

major 68 

CLEP 14 

College support staff 155 

Communication program 

courses 77 

department 36 

faculty 37 

major 77 

minor 77 

Computer science program 

courses 71 

department 44 

faculty 45 

major 71 

minor 71 

Concurrent courses 1 1 

Cooperative programs 25 

Courses, undergraduate 

concurrent 11 

external 1 1 

repetition of 1 1 

descriptions 60 

Courses, graduate 131 

Credit for life experience 14 

Criminal justice courses 72 

Degrees 

undergraduate 7 

graduate 126 



159 



Dean's list 16 

Departmental honors 16 

Diploma programs 5 

Economics program 

courses 72 

department 54 

faculty 54 

major 72 

minor 72 

Education program 

courses 75 

department 34 

faculty 35 

minor 74 

Elementary education program 

courses 75 

department 34 

faculty 35 

major 75 

minor 75 

Engineering cooperative 

program 25 

English program 

courses 77 

department 36 

faculty 37 

major 77 

minor 77 

Environmental studies 

cooperative program 25,80 

External summer courses 1 1 

Faculty 144 

Finances, student 4 

Fine arts courses 80 

Foreign languages program 

courses 81 

department 38 

faculty 39 

major 81 

Foreign study opportunities 29 

Forestry cooperative 

program 25,81 



French program 

courses 82 

department 38 

faculty 39 

major 81 

minor 81 

General education program 

courses 19 

requirements 19 

General studies program 

major 83 

requirements 83 

Geography courses 83 

German program 

courses 84 

department 38 

faculty 39 

major 84 

minor 84 

Grade point average 15 

Grading system 15 

Graduation honors 16 

Graduation requirements 

undergraduate 8 

graduate 128 

Greek courses 85 

Health care management program 

courses 85 

major 85 

requirements 85 

Health professions 

cooperative programs 25 

History program 

courses 86 

department 40 

faculty 41 

major 86 

minor 86 

Honors 

departmental 22 

graduation 23 

Honors program 

courses 23 



160 



Hotel management program 

courses 89 

department 41 

faculty 42 

major 88 

minor 89 

In-Absentia 12 

Independent study 27 

Individualized major 90 

Interdisciplinary courses 90 

International business program 

major 91 

Internship policy 26 

Japanese courses 91 

Knisley teaching awards 156 

Leadership studies scholar program 

courses 24, 91 

requirements 24 

Leave of absence 12 

Limit of hours 9 

Lindback teaching awards 156 

Literature courses 77 

Management program 

courses 92 

department 41 

faculty 42 

major 92 

minor 92 

Map of campus 158 

Mathematical science program 

courses 95 

department 43 

faculty 45 

major 95 

minor 95 

MBA program 

academic policies 127 

admission 127 

concurrent courses 128 

courses 131 

faculty 126 

financial aid 130 

grading system 128 

privacy of student records 130 

refund policy 129 



requirements 128 

review procedure 129 

time restriction policy 129 

transfer policy 128 

withdrawal policy 130 

Medical technology 

cooperative program 26,97 

Military science program 

courses 98 

department 47 

faculty 48 

requirements 98 

Mission statement 3 

Music program 

courses 100 

department 48 

faculty 50 

major 99 

minor 100 

Music education courses 99 

Non-traditional credit policy 13 

Nuclear medicine technology 

cooperative program 26 

Off-campus programs 

study abroad 29 

Washington semester 29 

Officers, general college 137 

Pass/fail policy 1 1 

Payment plans 5 

Phi Alpha Epsilon , 16 

Philosophy program 

course 106 

department 57 

faculty 57 

major 106 

minor 106 

Physical education program 

courses 107 

department 52 

faculty 53 

Physics program 

courses 109 

department 53 

faculty 53 

major 108 



161 



minor 108 

Placement examinations 

undergraduate 12 

Political sciences program 

courses 110 

department 54 

faculty 54 

major 1 10 

minor 110 

Pre-law program 113 

Pre-medical, pre-dentistry, 

pre- veterinary programs 113 

Privacy of student records 7 

Probation, undergraduate 17 

Profile of the college 2 

Psychobiology program 

courses 114 

major 114 

Psychology program 

courses 115 

department 55 

faculty 56 

major 114 

minor 114 

Readmission policy 12 

Refund policy 

undergraduate 4 

graduate 129 

Registration, change of policy 10 

Religion program 

courses 118 

department 57 

faculty 57 

major 1 17 

minor 118 

Repetition of courses 

undergraduate 1 1 

ROTC 47 

Second bachelor's degree 12 

Secondary education program 

courses 119 

department 34 

faculty 35 

major 1 19 



Servicemember's opportunity 

college (SOC) 18 

Sociology program 

courses 121 

department 58 

faculty 59 

major 121 

minor 121 

Social work program 

courses 120 

department 58 

faculty 59 

minor 120 

Sound recording technology program 

courses 105 

department 48 

faculty 50 

major 99 

Spanish program 

courses 124 

department 38 

faculty 39 

major 124 

minor 124 

Special topics courses 29 

Study abroad 29 

Suspension policy 

undergraduate 17 

Teacher certification for 

non-matriculated students 18 

Teacher certification for 

matriculated students 1 19 

Transfer policy 

undergraduate 9 

graduate 128 

Trustees, Board of 134 

Tutorial study courses 29 

Veteran's services 18 

Washington semester 29 

Withdrawal procedure 

undergraduate 12 

graduate 130 

Zoology courses 67 



162 



NON-DISCRIMINATION POLICY 

Lebanon Valley College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic 
origin, sex, age, religion or handicap. 



Production of this catalog is under the direction of the Registrar's Office. Informa- 
tion included is correct as of the date of publication. Unexpected changes may occur 
during the course of the academic year; therefore, the listing of a course or program 
in this catalog does not constitute a guarantee or contract that the particular course 
or program will be offered during a given year. 

* All information is correct as of August 1, 1993. 

163 



1993 - 1994 ACADEMIC CALENDAR 

First Semester 

August 28 Sat 9 a.m. Residence halls open for new students 

28 Sat 10 a.m. First Year Experience 

28 Sat 2 p.m. Opening Convocation 

29 Sun Noon Residence halls open for upperclassmen 

30 Mon 1 - 4 p.m. Add/drop day 

30 Mon 6:30 p.m. Evening classes begin 

3 1 Tue 8 a.m. Day classes begin 
October 1-3 Fri-Sun Homecoming Weekend 

8 Fri 5 p.m. Fall break begins -_ 

12 Tue 6:30 p.m. Classes resume 

1 3 Wed Noon Mid-term grades due 
15-17 Fri-Sun Parents Weekend 

22 Fri 5 p.m. Change of registration deadline 

November 24 Wed 3 p.m. Thanksgiving vacation begins 

29 Mon 8 a.m. Classes resume 

December 10 Fri 5 p.m. Classes end 

13-17 Mon-Fri Final examinations 

17 Fri 5 p.m. Semester ends 

20 Mon Noon Final grades due 

Second Semester 



January 


16 


Sun 


Noon 




17 


Mon 


9-11 a.m. 




17 


Mon 


1 p.m. 




17 


Mon 


6:30 p.m. 




18 


Tue 


8 a.m. 


February 


22 


Tue 


1 1 a.m. 


March 


2 


Wed 


Noon 




11 


Fri 


5 p.m. 




25 


Fri 


5 p.m. 


April 


4 


Mon 


6:30 p.m. 


May 


5 


Thu 


9:30 p.m. 




7-12 


Sat-Thu 






12 


Thu 


9:30 p.m. 




13 


Fri 


Noon 




14 


Sat 


9 a.m. 




14 


Sat 


1 1 a.m. 




20 


Fri 


Noon 



Residence halls open 

Add/drop day 

Classes begin (labs only) 

Evening classes begin 

Day classes begin 

Founders Day 

Mid-term grades due 

Change of registration deadline 

Spring vacation begins 

Classes resume 

Classes end 

Final examinations 

Semester ends 

Senior grades due 

Baccalaureate service 

125th Commencement 

All final grades due 



164 



Lebanon Valley College Non-Profit 

Annville, PA 17003-0501 organization 

^ , , ^ • ^ , POSTAGE PAID 

Address Correction Requested 



Permit No. 9 
Annville, PA 17003