Vol. 9 (newser.es) FEBRUARY, 1922 No. 11
MOONLIGHT ON THE LAKE:
SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER
LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act nf August 24, 1912
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HALL OF PHILOSOPHY
Lebanon Valley College
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Summer School Calendar
June 23, 24 and 26 — Registration of Students
June 26 — Summer Term Begins
August 4 — Summer Term Ends
ADDRESS ALL SUMMER SCHOOL CORRESPONDENCE TO
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar
MOUNT GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL
GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D.
SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S.
SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M.
Education and Mathematics
CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B.
*T. BAYARD BEATTY, A.M.
R. R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., D.D.
Bible and Philosophy
MARY C. GREEN
WALTER E. SEVERANCE, A.M.
Latin and Education
ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D.
RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B.
W. ALBERT BRUNNER, A.M.
E. E. STAUFFER, A.M.
Committee in Charge of Summer Session
R. R. BUTTERWICK, Director
C. R. GINGRICH, Secretary
S. O. GRIMM, Registrar and Treasurer
S. H. DERICKSON
K On leave of absence abroad summer of 1922.
THE Mount Gretna Summer School is an extension of
the work of Lebanon Valley College, authorized and
approved by the trustees of the college and directed
by the faculty. The sessions are held at Mount Gretna,
Pennsylvania, in the buildings of the Pennsylvania Chau-
tauqua Association. The environment, the social life of the
resort, the opportunities for healthful recreation, as well as for
quiet and effective study make this an ideal location for the
Summer School. The courses are planned primarily for the
following groups of men and women:
I. Those who wish to complete their college entrance re-
II. Those who desire to shorten the period of college resi-
dence or to make up deficiences.
III. Teachers of Elementary schools, high schools, and
normal schools who seek advanced instruction with or with-
out the idea of acquiring a degree.
IV. Other persons who desire collegiate instruction or
courses for general culture.
ADMISSION AND ATTENDANCE
There are no formal examinations for admission to the sum-
mer school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted
to such courses as the respective instructors find them qualified
to pursue with advantage.
In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the
opening of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registra-
tion be made by mail. Applications for admission and regis-
tration will be received by the Registrar up to and including
Friday, June 23; address, Annville, Pa.
On Saturday, June 24, Monday, June 26 and Tuesday,
June 27, registration will be continued in the C. L. S. C. Build-
ing, Chautauqua Grounds, Mount Gretna. The registration
hours will be from 1 P. M. to 4. P. M. Classes will be open to
6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
all on June 26 and 27, but after June 27 they will be restricted
to duly registered students.
Regular exercises will begin promptly on June 26. Notice of
any proposed addition or cancellation of courses must be re-
ported at once in person at the Office of the Registrar. Stu-
dents will be allowed, after securing the consent of the Direc-
tor, to make changes in their courses up to and including
Tuesday, June 27, but after June 27 they will be permitted
to make no changes whatever. Full credit will be given only
for those courses for which students have registered and paid
not later than June 27. Students registering June 28 to July
5th, inclusive, may receive half credit for the work done in
any course; but students entering after July 5th will receive
no academic credit. A student attending any course is re-
quired to do the full work assigned to the class; auditors are
not admitted. Absence from class exercises may be excused
only in case of illness.
Exercises will be held every day in every subject, but no
stated exercises will be held on Saturdays. Each course will
consist of thirty lectures or other exercises, or their equiva-
lent in laboratory or field work.
Students are allowed to take one or more courses as they
desire, although they are advised not to exceed six credits.
All courses are assigned a certain number of tuition points
and most courses have a credit value. A point is the credit
gained for a duly matriculated student upon the completion
of an hour weekly for one academic half year, or the equiva-
lent thereof, unless otherwise specified, and is designated a
semester hour credit. One hour of lecture or recitation, or
two hours of laboratory or field work daily during the summer
session will cover the requirements for two semester hours
towards the bachelor's degree.
BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS
The sessions are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania, in
the buildings of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association,
situated on the grounds of the Association. These buildings,
especially designed for educational work, contain commo-
dious and well equipped class rooms and are located in the
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 7
heart of the resort. Adjoining the grounds of the Pennsylvania
Chautauqua Association are grounds of the Campmeeting
Association of the United Brethren in Christ. This resort of
nearly five hundred cottages, scattered among the trees and
shrubbery, accommodates a summer population of several
thousand people. To the west of the grounds of the Chau-
tauqua Association is the beautiful Lake Conewago which
offers splendid facilities for bathing and boating. This lake
is fed by pure mountain streams flowing from innumerable
springs of the finest water to be found. The grounds also ad-
join those of the military reservation of the Commonwealth
of Pennsylvania, where encampments, attended by thousands
of soldiers are held annually.
Mount Gretna is situated on the Lebanon Branch of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, eleven miles from Conewago where it
forms a junction with the main line. At Lebanon this railroad
joins the Philadelphia and Reading, so that Mount Gretna is
within commuting distance of Lebanon, Lancaster and Harris-
burg. It is, moreover, easily accessible from these points by
automobile, being located midway between the Lincoln High-
way and the William Penn Highway.
Mount Gretna is a paradise for the Naturalist or Biologist.
The opportunities for study of inland forms of life are un-
limited. An abundant variety of plant and animal associa-
8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
tions and varied ecological conditions are accessible. The
topography consists of mountains with a wide range of forest
trees and shrubs, deep ravines, with cold mountain streams,
carrying the pure spring water through densely vegetated
swamps out into richly cultivated meadowlands. Old fields,
once under cultivation and now reserved for military purposes,
supply unusual types of uncultivated forms of life. The lake
and ponds are rich in aquatic forms, some of which are very
rare. The flora is rich in fungae, mosses, ferns and flowering
plants. Over thirty species of ferns are found in the vicinity.
Over one hundred species of flowering plants have been iden-
tified by classes in a single day's tramp. An herbarium of
several hundred species may be collected in a season.
Birds and insects are abundant both in species and numbers
and in the summer season offer excellent opportunities for
the study of breeding habits and life histories.
All necessary equipment from the biological laboratories of
the college will be transferred to a laboratory which has been
provided in the Hall of Philosophy at Mount Gretna.
ENTERTAINMENTS AND LECTURES
During the Summer Term a number of entertainments will
be offered by the students of the school. Weekly lectures
will be given to the entire student body by different mem-
bers of the faculty.
THE BIBLE CONFERENCE
During the closing week of the Summer School the United
Brethren Bible Conference, directed by many of the most
noted Bible teachers of the day will be in session on the grounds
of the Campmeeting Association, to continue for a period of
THE FIRST ANNUAL SESSION
Although announcement of the Summer Session preceded
the opening of the school by only several weeks, the attend-
ance exceeded expectations and emphasized the need of the
work offered. The session was not only successful from the
standpoint of the number of students but from the character
of the students, their loyalty and cooperation, and the ex-
cellent quality of the work accomplished. The school is
particularly indebted to the Pennsylvania Chautauqua As-
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 9
sociation through whose earnest and devoted cooperation its
work was made possible. The complete educational equip-
ment of the Association is generously placed at the disposal
of the school.
THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Numerous demands from public school teachers striving to
meet the higher educational standards required of them by
recent legislation, and the appeal from the State Department
of Public Instruction for the school to shape its curriculum
to meet these requirements, have resulted in the organization
of a separate department of the school which, following
directly these suggestions, will be devoted entirely to the in-
terests of teachers.
Enrollments for the Summer Session of 1922 indicate a
large increase in the number of students over the Session of
1921. Accommodations will be arranged by the school for those
who request that this be done and register at a date early
enough to make this possible.
A number of desirable rooms have been offered for students
by the cottagers. Since the student body must be limited in
accordance with accommodations and educational facilities, it
will be to the advantage of the student to register as soon as
possible in order to be assured of enrollment at the opening
of the school.
The private beach of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Asso-
ciation adjoins the grounds of the Summer School and is
open to the students. This is an ideal resort for bathing,
boating and canoeing and is visited each afternoon by a con-
siderable portion of the student body. The refined nature of
the amusements of the resort commend them to the student
seeking healthful recreation after the strain of a hard day's
study. A summer camp for men and boys, under the super-
vision of the school, enables the student to enjoy the outing
of a mountain camp while engaging in the regular work of the
school. Tents will be provided by the school for those who
apply within a reasonable time before the opening date.
12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
A matriculation fee of five dollars ($5.00) will be charged
each student upon registration.
Tuition will be charged at the rate of six dollars ($6.00) per
semester hour credit. For courses in which no college credit is
allowed tuition will be charged at the same rate ; that is, for a
course offered one hour per day the tuition for the course will
be twelve dollars ($12.00). Rates for special courses will be
supplied upon application.
Checks should be drawn for the exact amount of the bill
and made payable to the order of the REGISTRAR, —
MOUNT GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL.
ROOM AND BOARD
While a large number of rooms are available in private
cottages, Mount Gretna is well supplied with Hotels and Inns
at which both rooms and board may be had at reasonable
rates. The Summer School is glad to recommend the follow-
Hotel Conewago, Chautauqua Inn, Kauffman House, and
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 13
Department of Education
s-12 — History of Education — One hour per day. This course is an
analysis of the history of education from the days of primitive man to the
present day, with special emphasis upon the work of Rousseau, Pestalozzi,
Herbart and Froebel, as the forerunners of modern educational theories
and practices. Two semester hours credit.
s-22 — Class Room Organization and Administration — One hour
per day. Various phases of the work of the teacher in charge of a class of
pupils are considered. Emphasis is placed upon the problems of prepara-
tion, control of pupils' environment, methods of testing pupils' achieve-
ment and recording results. Two semester hours credit.
s-32 — Principles of Secondary Education — One hour per day. This
course begins with an intensive study of the history of public education
in the United States to determine the institutional origin of the American
High School. The subsequent work will concern itself with the educational
principles that energize our present Secondary School work. Two semester
s-62 — High School Administration — One hour per day. This course
is intended for High School principals of limited experience who want to
study and discuss their problems. Teachers who are desirous of fitting
themselves to become principals will be admitted. Two semester hours
s-72 — Child Psychology — One hour per day. A course on the nature
and development of intellect and character during childhood and adoles-
cence. Two semester hours credit.
s-82 — Educational Psychology — One hour per day. This course
makes a direct and scientific application of psychological theory to the
educational problems of the day, including social and vocational aspects
of education. Two semester hours credit.
s-92 — Introduction to Teaching — One hour per day. A study of the
principles underlying the process of learning, together with methods of
directing and assisting others in the learning process. This course is de-
signed to assist teachers who are beginning the work of elementary in-
struction and who have not had the advantage of scientific training.
The approved methods, of general application in this field, will be studied
and discussed. High School graduates who are beginning the work of
teaching and teachers who feel the need of methods in their grade work
will find this course adapted to their needs. Two semester hours credit,
s-102 — Physiology and School Hygiene — One hour per day. This
course offers a general survey of the principles of sanitary science and dis-
ease prevention, the spread and control of infectious diseases, problems
14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
of rural hygiene, personal hygiene and the social and economic aspects of
health problems. The work of the State and Local Boards of Health will
be studied. Two semester hours credit.
s-112 — Methods of Teaching Biology in the Secondary Schools —
One hour per day. This course includes lectures dealing with the problems
of High School Biology and Zoology courses, course content, types of
courses and methods of collecting and preserving materials for class work
and demonstrations. Field work. Two semester hours credit.
s-122 — Lessons in Problems of Democracy — One hour per day.
This course consists of an analysis of the various economic, political and
social problems incident to the democratic form of government. It is the
aim of the course to assist the teacher, as a leader in the social life of the
community, to render a greater public service. The course begins with a
study of the foundations of government after which much time is given
to readings and discussions. Two semester hours credit.
s-132 — Methods of Teaching English — One hour per day. This
course consists of lectures and discussions in the interpretation and pre-
sentation of literature. The subject of technique in the study of litera-
ture and the direction of library and general reading will receive special
consideration. Teachers in the grammar grades and High School will find
this course of particular value. Two semester hours credit.
s-142 — Methods of Teaching History — One hour per day. In the
first part of the course the principles underlying the study of History and
Civics will be discussed; the place of History in the field of civic education;
the use of illustrative materials in ''making the past real" and generally
approved methods of presentation of the subject will receive due consider-
ation. The teacher's experience will be drawn upon extensively and the
subject of measurements in the teaching of History will be emphasized.
Semester hours credit.
s-152 — Methods of Teaching Mathematics in the Secondary
Schools — One hour per day. This course presents the best modern prac-
tice in the teaching of Algebra and Geometry. It includes a discussion of
the present problems relating to the position of Algebra and Geometry in
the curriculum, the general organization of the subject matter and the
sequence of topics. The work of the National Committee on Mathemati-
cal Requirements in the reorganization of mathematical instruction will
be included. Semester hours credit.
s-162 — The Teaching of the Physical Sciences in the Secondary
Schools — One hour daily. The object of t, t course is to develop the pos-
sibilities of the teacher for helping the pupil to discover for himself the sim-
ple laws and related facts of the physical world by using the ordinary ex-
periences and phenomena of every day life. Two semester hours credit.
s-172 — Educational Sociology — One hour per day. See page 19.
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 15
s-6 — Nature Study— One hour per day. Two classes may be conducted
in nature study, one for boys and girls from the public schools and another"
for adults. The aim of the course will be to familiarize the student with the
forms of life with which they are surrounded and to acquaint them with
their habits and associations. Assistance will be rendered those who de-
sire to pursue special studies in any particular group of plants or animals.
No college credit.
s-81 — Bird Study — One hour per day. About seventy species of birds-
may be studied in the immediate vicinity of Mount Gretna. The class will
spend an hour or more each morning in the identification of species both
by appearance and by note. Special work in the study of feeding and nest-
ing habits and distribution will be outlined for those desiring the same.
Prepared skins will be at hand to assist in the closer study of the different
species. A pair of opera or field glasses will be found very serviceable in
the course. A limited number may be rented for the season from the
laboratory. One semester hour credit.
s-92 — Botany — One hour per day. This course will consist largely of
field work supplemented by laboratory work. Structure of the plants and
their relation to their environment will be studied and the plants identified
with the aid of a key. Teachers of Botany will have an opportunity of
becoming familiar with the summer flora and of collecting and preserving
much valuable material for use in their classes. A copy of Gray's Manual,
Seventh Edition, will be needed for this course. Those desiring to prepare
an herbarium should provide themselves with plant presses and driers.
Herbarium materials, note books, museum bottles and reagents for fixing
and preserving materials for sectioning, dissection or demonstration can be
purchased at the laboratory at cost. Two semester hours credit.
s-92 — Household Chemistry — One hour daily. A study of foods,,
baking, water, beverages, fermentation, disinfectants and common medi-
cinals and principles that demand attention from the modern intelligent
home maker. Two semester hours credit.
s-52 — Organic Chemistry— Two hours daily. A double course. The
student's inability to do laboratory work will be in part compensated for
by a carefully graded series of lecture demonstrations covering the entire
field of organic chemistry. Sen'^s of questions will be distributed for out-
side study and charts and representative specimens will be freely
used. An elementar _,e in general chemistry is a prerequisite for the
course. Four se. .^cer hours credit.
s- 162— The Teaching of the Physical Sciences in the Secondary
Schools— See page 14.
16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
s-12 — Economic Theory — One hour per day. A course in Economic
theory covering the work of one semester. Two semester hours credit.
Offered in alternate years beginning in 1921.
s-22 — Economic Problems — One hour per day. A study of practical
economic problems continuing the work of Economics s-12, which is a
prerequisite. Offered in alternate years beginning in 1922. Two semester
s-52 — Practical Banking — One hour per day. The course covers a
short study of the various types of banking institutions, the forms in com-
mon use in banking practice and a careful analysis of the Uniform Negoti-
able Instruments Law. One year of Economics is a prerequisite. Two
semester hours credit.
Professors Grimm and Severance
See courses listed under Department of Education.
s-13 — Dramatic Interpretation — -One hour per day. This is a course
in the vocal interpretation of several of Shakespeare's plays; the study of
the one act play and the presentation of a public program of modern one
act plays or a modern drama. One semester hour credit. (Not offered 1922).
s-15 — Modern Drama — One hour per day. This is a course stressing
the theories of play-construction and dramatic criticism. The types of
dramatic literature, the aims, the technique, the problems, as represented
by Ibsen, Hauptman, Maeterlinck, Hervieu, Rostand, DAnnunzio, Tche-
khov, Phillips, Pinero, Galsworthy, Shaw, Synge and Yeates, will be
studied. (Not offered 1922).
s-26-a — History of English Literature — One hour per day. This
course covers the development of English Literature from the Anglo Saxon
Period to the Restoration. This course is intended for those who have had
the general survey afforded by the High School and the Normal School.
Lectures, assigned readings and discussions. Two semester hours credit.
s-26-b — History of English Literature — One hour per day. This
course covers the period of English Literature from the Restoration to
the present. This course is intended for those who have had the general
survey afforded by the High School and the Normal School. Lectures,
assigned readings and discussions. Two semester hours credit.
s-52-a — American Literature — One hour per day. This is a course in
the history of American Literature with special emphasis on Emerson,
Hawthorne and Whitman. Lectures, discussions and assigned readings.
Two semester hours credit.
MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 17
s-62 — Shakespeare — One hour per day. This is a course in the life
and art of Shakespeare. Lectures, discussions and required reading. Two
semester hours credit.
s-132 — Methods of Teaching English — See page 14.
s-a — Children's Course in Conversational French — One hour per
day. The aim of this course is to enable children to understand to some
extent the language when spoken, to form simple sentences, to memorize
nursery rhymes and to play French games. No college credit.
s-12-a — First Year French — One hour per day. This course includes
a drill in French pronunciation and grammar with exercises in dictation
and composition. Text: Thieme and Efhnger's French Grammar. Course
offered in 1921. Two semester hours credit.
s-12-b — First Year French — One hour per day. A continuation of
French s-12-a and the reading of the following: La Belle France and La
Poudre aux yeux. Course offered in 1922. Two semester hours credit.
s-22-a — Second Year French — One hour per day. Advanced Compo-
sition, dictation and the reading and interpretation of the following
classics: Madame Therese and Lectures Historiques. Course offered in
1921. Two semester hours credit.
s-22-b — Second Year French — One hour per day. Continuation of
French s-22-a and the reading of the following classics: Standard French
Authors and La Mare au (liable. Course offered in 1922. Two semester
s-42 — A Survey of American History to 1789 — One hour per day.
This course offers a survey of the European background of American
History and the establishment in America of European Institutions, with
special emphasis upon the English settlements. Lectures, discussions and
readings. Schuyler and Fox's Syllabus of American History will be
used. Two semester hours credit.
s-52 — Modern European Problems — One hour per day. This course
is planned to show the relation of the United States to European problems.
The chief topics discussed are the Congress of Vienna, the reshaping of
the map of Europe, the Industrial Revolution, the growth of Italian and
German unity, the rise of Russia, the late war, and current and inter-
national problems resulting therefrom. Lectures, readings, reports and
discussions. Two semester hours credit.
s-62 — Methods of Teaching History in the Secondary Schools —
See page 14.
18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE
s-12 — -Cicero — One hour per day. The "De Senectute" will be read
with thorough drill in syntax. Two semester hours credit.
s-22 — Virgil — One hour per day. Selections from the works not usually
read in secondary schools, chiefly from the last six books of the Aeneid.
Two semester hours credit.
s-1 — Elementary and Intermediate Algebra — One hour per day.
The course is arranged to meet college entrance requirements. No college
s-22 — Plane Trigonometry — One hour per day. This course covers
trigonometric functions as ratios. Proofs of the principal formulae and
transformation of trigonometric expressions by means of these formulae.
Solution of trigonometric equations, theory and use of logarithms and the
solution of right and oblique triangles. Two semester hours credit.
s-32 — Methods of Teaching Mathematics — See page 14.
s-1 — History and Appreciation of Music — One hour per day. This
course is intended to give a survey of the History and Aesthetics of Music,
the History of the Art of Music as an element of liberal culture, the pur-
pose being to furnish the basis for an intelligent appreciation of musical
composition from the standpoint of the listener. This course is illustrated
with music. No previous knowledge of music is essential for admission to
s-2 — Piano Technique and Interpretation — One hour per day. A
course for teachers and advanced students of the piano. Instruction in
class, where each student will have the opportunity of performing the
technical work and repertoire compositions assigned. Limited class;
hours to be arranged with the instructor.
s-3 — Chorus — This course is intended for all who are interested in
choral music. Rehearsals will be held daily. At the close of the Summer
School a public program will be rendered by the class. In addition to the
public program the chorus will assist in the Sunday services of the Chau-
Professor Butter wick
s-22 — Introduction to Philosophy — One hour per day. A study of
representative philosophical writings. Two semester hours credit.
AIT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 19
s-52 — Ethics — One hour per day. This course will be primarily con-
structive and critical, and historical only in so far as its constructive
purpose demands. Two semester hours credit.
s-12 — American Government and Politics — One hour per day. A
course designed to give the student a working knowledge of the funda-
mental laws of Federal and State Government. The course is devoted
largely to the study of leading cases. Two semester hours credit.
s-122 — Lessons in Problems of Democracy — See page 14.
s-172 — Educational Sociology — One hour per day. The course is
intended to give the student an understanding of the various theories of
society together with the place of Sociology in the general field of learn-
ing. Modern social problems are considered at length. The course is
designed as far as practical, to emphasize the subject matter of especial
interest to teachers. Two semester hours credit.