Hetmnon "Uallep College BULLETIN Vol. 9 (newser.es) FEBRUARY, 1922 No. 11 Reautiful "I MOONLIGHT ON THE LAKE: Mt,Gretna,Pa. ^ _. SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER 1922 PUBLISHED BY LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ANNVILLE, PA. Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under the Act nf August 24, 1912 Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation http://www.archive.org/details/lebanonvalleycol19229leba letanon 9a(ltj> College MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 1922 HALL OF PHILOSOPHY BULLETIN Published by Lebanon Valley College Annville, Pa. CALENDAR JUNE JULY AUGUST 8 |M|T| WfT|F |S S |M|T:W,T| F S S MT,WT;F|S 1 2| 3 . .1. . 1 . .1. . 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 7 8 9110 2 3 4 5 6| 7 8 61 7 8 9 10 11 12 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 9 10 11 12 13|14 15 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 18 19 20 21 22 23|24 16 17 18 1!) 2021 29 20|21 22 23124 25 26 25 2H 27 28 29 30j. . 23 2 4 25 2fi 27i28 ■>u 27128 2 9 30|31 . .1. .1. . . .1. . 30 31 1. . ..|.. . .|. . Summer School Calendar June 23, 24 and 26 — Registration of Students June 26 — Summer Term Begins August 4 — Summer Term Ends ADDRESS ALL SUMMER SCHOOL CORRESPONDENCE TO SAMUEL O. GRIMM, Registrar MOUNT GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL ANNVILLE, PENNSYLVANIA THE FACULTY GEORGE DANIEL GOSSARD, B.D., D.D. President SAMUEL HOFFMAN DERICKSON, M.S. Biological Sciences SAMUEL O. GRIMM, B.Pd., A.M. Education and Mathematics CHRISTIAN R. GINGRICH, A.B., LL.B. Social Sciences *T. BAYARD BEATTY, A.M. English R. R. BUTTERWICK, A.M., D.D. Bible and Philosophy MARY C. GREEN French WALTER E. SEVERANCE, A.M. Latin and Education ANDREW BENDER, Ph.D. Chemistry RUTH ELIZABETH ENGLE, A.B. Music W. ALBERT BRUNNER, A.M. History E. E. STAUFFER, A.M. English Committee in Charge of Summer Session R. R. BUTTERWICK, Director C. R. GINGRICH, Secretary S. O. GRIMM, Registrar and Treasurer S. H. DERICKSON K On leave of absence abroad summer of 1922. General Information THE Mount Gretna Summer School is an extension of the work of Lebanon Valley College, authorized and approved by the trustees of the college and directed by the faculty. The sessions are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania, in the buildings of the Pennsylvania Chau- tauqua Association. The environment, the social life of the resort, the opportunities for healthful recreation, as well as for quiet and effective study make this an ideal location for the Summer School. The courses are planned primarily for the following groups of men and women: I. Those who wish to complete their college entrance re- quirements. II. Those who desire to shorten the period of college resi- dence or to make up deficiences. III. Teachers of Elementary schools, high schools, and normal schools who seek advanced instruction with or with- out the idea of acquiring a degree. IV. Other persons who desire collegiate instruction or courses for general culture. ADMISSION AND ATTENDANCE There are no formal examinations for admission to the sum- mer school. Students, both men and women, will be admitted to such courses as the respective instructors find them qualified to pursue with advantage. In order that the work may proceed with dispatch upon the opening of the term, it is urged that arrangements for registra- tion be made by mail. Applications for admission and regis- tration will be received by the Registrar up to and including Friday, June 23; address, Annville, Pa. On Saturday, June 24, Monday, June 26 and Tuesday, June 27, registration will be continued in the C. L. S. C. Build- ing, Chautauqua Grounds, Mount Gretna. The registration hours will be from 1 P. M. to 4. P. M. Classes will be open to 6 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE all on June 26 and 27, but after June 27 they will be restricted to duly registered students. Regular exercises will begin promptly on June 26. Notice of any proposed addition or cancellation of courses must be re- ported at once in person at the Office of the Registrar. Stu- dents will be allowed, after securing the consent of the Direc- tor, to make changes in their courses up to and including Tuesday, June 27, but after June 27 they will be permitted to make no changes whatever. Full credit will be given only for those courses for which students have registered and paid not later than June 27. Students registering June 28 to July 5th, inclusive, may receive half credit for the work done in any course; but students entering after July 5th will receive no academic credit. A student attending any course is re- quired to do the full work assigned to the class; auditors are not admitted. Absence from class exercises may be excused only in case of illness. PROGRAM Exercises will be held every day in every subject, but no stated exercises will be held on Saturdays. Each course will consist of thirty lectures or other exercises, or their equiva- lent in laboratory or field work. Students are allowed to take one or more courses as they desire, although they are advised not to exceed six credits. All courses are assigned a certain number of tuition points and most courses have a credit value. A point is the credit gained for a duly matriculated student upon the completion of an hour weekly for one academic half year, or the equiva- lent thereof, unless otherwise specified, and is designated a semester hour credit. One hour of lecture or recitation, or two hours of laboratory or field work daily during the summer session will cover the requirements for two semester hours towards the bachelor's degree. BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS The sessions are held at Mount Gretna, Pennsylvania, in the buildings of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association, situated on the grounds of the Association. These buildings, especially designed for educational work, contain commo- dious and well equipped class rooms and are located in the MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 7 heart of the resort. Adjoining the grounds of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Association are grounds of the Campmeeting Association of the United Brethren in Christ. This resort of nearly five hundred cottages, scattered among the trees and shrubbery, accommodates a summer population of several thousand people. To the west of the grounds of the Chau- tauqua Association is the beautiful Lake Conewago which offers splendid facilities for bathing and boating. This lake is fed by pure mountain streams flowing from innumerable CAMPUS VIEW springs of the finest water to be found. The grounds also ad- join those of the military reservation of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, where encampments, attended by thousands of soldiers are held annually. Mount Gretna is situated on the Lebanon Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, eleven miles from Conewago where it forms a junction with the main line. At Lebanon this railroad joins the Philadelphia and Reading, so that Mount Gretna is within commuting distance of Lebanon, Lancaster and Harris- burg. It is, moreover, easily accessible from these points by automobile, being located midway between the Lincoln High- way and the William Penn Highway. Mount Gretna is a paradise for the Naturalist or Biologist. The opportunities for study of inland forms of life are un- limited. An abundant variety of plant and animal associa- 8 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE tions and varied ecological conditions are accessible. The topography consists of mountains with a wide range of forest trees and shrubs, deep ravines, with cold mountain streams, carrying the pure spring water through densely vegetated swamps out into richly cultivated meadowlands. Old fields, once under cultivation and now reserved for military purposes, supply unusual types of uncultivated forms of life. The lake and ponds are rich in aquatic forms, some of which are very rare. The flora is rich in fungae, mosses, ferns and flowering plants. Over thirty species of ferns are found in the vicinity. Over one hundred species of flowering plants have been iden- tified by classes in a single day's tramp. An herbarium of several hundred species may be collected in a season. Birds and insects are abundant both in species and numbers and in the summer season offer excellent opportunities for the study of breeding habits and life histories. All necessary equipment from the biological laboratories of the college will be transferred to a laboratory which has been provided in the Hall of Philosophy at Mount Gretna. ENTERTAINMENTS AND LECTURES During the Summer Term a number of entertainments will be offered by the students of the school. Weekly lectures will be given to the entire student body by different mem- bers of the faculty. THE BIBLE CONFERENCE During the closing week of the Summer School the United Brethren Bible Conference, directed by many of the most noted Bible teachers of the day will be in session on the grounds of the Campmeeting Association, to continue for a period of ten days. THE FIRST ANNUAL SESSION Although announcement of the Summer Session preceded the opening of the school by only several weeks, the attend- ance exceeded expectations and emphasized the need of the work offered. The session was not only successful from the standpoint of the number of students but from the character of the students, their loyalty and cooperation, and the ex- cellent quality of the work accomplished. The school is particularly indebted to the Pennsylvania Chautauqua As- MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 9 sociation through whose earnest and devoted cooperation its work was made possible. The complete educational equip- ment of the Association is generously placed at the disposal of the school. THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Numerous demands from public school teachers striving to meet the higher educational standards required of them by recent legislation, and the appeal from the State Department of Public Instruction for the school to shape its curriculum to meet these requirements, have resulted in the organization of a separate department of the school which, following directly these suggestions, will be devoted entirely to the in- terests of teachers. ENROLLMENT Enrollments for the Summer Session of 1922 indicate a large increase in the number of students over the Session of 1921. Accommodations will be arranged by the school for those who request that this be done and register at a date early enough to make this possible. A number of desirable rooms have been offered for students by the cottagers. Since the student body must be limited in accordance with accommodations and educational facilities, it will be to the advantage of the student to register as soon as possible in order to be assured of enrollment at the opening of the school. RECREATION The private beach of the Pennsylvania Chautauqua Asso- ciation adjoins the grounds of the Summer School and is open to the students. This is an ideal resort for bathing, boating and canoeing and is visited each afternoon by a con- siderable portion of the student body. The refined nature of the amusements of the resort commend them to the student seeking healthful recreation after the strain of a hard day's study. A summer camp for men and boys, under the super- vision of the school, enables the student to enjoy the outing of a mountain camp while engaging in the regular work of the school. Tents will be provided by the school for those who apply within a reasonable time before the opening date. *a?Arf M% LOrtli ■■- 12 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE FEES A matriculation fee of five dollars ($5.00) will be charged each student upon registration. Tuition will be charged at the rate of six dollars ($6.00) per semester hour credit. For courses in which no college credit is allowed tuition will be charged at the same rate ; that is, for a course offered one hour per day the tuition for the course will be twelve dollars ($12.00). Rates for special courses will be supplied upon application. Checks should be drawn for the exact amount of the bill and made payable to the order of the REGISTRAR, — MOUNT GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL. ROOM AND BOARD While a large number of rooms are available in private cottages, Mount Gretna is well supplied with Hotels and Inns at which both rooms and board may be had at reasonable rates. The Summer School is glad to recommend the follow- ing: Hotel Conewago, Chautauqua Inn, Kauffman House, and Gretna Hall. HOTEL CONEWAGO MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 13 Department of Education s-12 — History of Education — One hour per day. This course is an analysis of the history of education from the days of primitive man to the present day, with special emphasis upon the work of Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Herbart and Froebel, as the forerunners of modern educational theories and practices. Two semester hours credit. s-22 — Class Room Organization and Administration — One hour per day. Various phases of the work of the teacher in charge of a class of pupils are considered. Emphasis is placed upon the problems of prepara- tion, control of pupils' environment, methods of testing pupils' achieve- ment and recording results. Two semester hours credit. s-32 — Principles of Secondary Education — One hour per day. This course begins with an intensive study of the history of public education in the United States to determine the institutional origin of the American High School. The subsequent work will concern itself with the educational principles that energize our present Secondary School work. Two semester hours credit. s-62 — High School Administration — One hour per day. This course is intended for High School principals of limited experience who want to study and discuss their problems. Teachers who are desirous of fitting themselves to become principals will be admitted. Two semester hours credit. s-72 — Child Psychology — One hour per day. A course on the nature and development of intellect and character during childhood and adoles- cence. Two semester hours credit. s-82 — Educational Psychology — One hour per day. This course makes a direct and scientific application of psychological theory to the educational problems of the day, including social and vocational aspects of education. Two semester hours credit. s-92 — Introduction to Teaching — One hour per day. A study of the principles underlying the process of learning, together with methods of directing and assisting others in the learning process. This course is de- signed to assist teachers who are beginning the work of elementary in- struction and who have not had the advantage of scientific training. The approved methods, of general application in this field, will be studied and discussed. High School graduates who are beginning the work of teaching and teachers who feel the need of methods in their grade work will find this course adapted to their needs. Two semester hours credit, s-102 — Physiology and School Hygiene — One hour per day. This course offers a general survey of the principles of sanitary science and dis- ease prevention, the spread and control of infectious diseases, problems . 14 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE of rural hygiene, personal hygiene and the social and economic aspects of health problems. The work of the State and Local Boards of Health will be studied. Two semester hours credit. s-112 — Methods of Teaching Biology in the Secondary Schools — One hour per day. This course includes lectures dealing with the problems of High School Biology and Zoology courses, course content, types of courses and methods of collecting and preserving materials for class work and demonstrations. Field work. Two semester hours credit. s-122 — Lessons in Problems of Democracy — One hour per day. This course consists of an analysis of the various economic, political and social problems incident to the democratic form of government. It is the aim of the course to assist the teacher, as a leader in the social life of the community, to render a greater public service. The course begins with a study of the foundations of government after which much time is given to readings and discussions. Two semester hours credit. s-132 — Methods of Teaching English — One hour per day. This course consists of lectures and discussions in the interpretation and pre- sentation of literature. The subject of technique in the study of litera- ture and the direction of library and general reading will receive special consideration. Teachers in the grammar grades and High School will find this course of particular value. Two semester hours credit. s-142 — Methods of Teaching History — One hour per day. In the first part of the course the principles underlying the study of History and Civics will be discussed; the place of History in the field of civic education; the use of illustrative materials in ''making the past real" and generally approved methods of presentation of the subject will receive due consider- ation. The teacher's experience will be drawn upon extensively and the subject of measurements in the teaching of History will be emphasized. Semester hours credit. s-152 — Methods of Teaching Mathematics in the Secondary Schools — One hour per day. This course presents the best modern prac- tice in the teaching of Algebra and Geometry. It includes a discussion of the present problems relating to the position of Algebra and Geometry in the curriculum, the general organization of the subject matter and the sequence of topics. The work of the National Committee on Mathemati- cal Requirements in the reorganization of mathematical instruction will be included. Semester hours credit. s-162 — The Teaching of the Physical Sciences in the Secondary Schools — One hour daily. The object of t, t course is to develop the pos- sibilities of the teacher for helping the pupil to discover for himself the sim- ple laws and related facts of the physical world by using the ordinary ex- periences and phenomena of every day life. Two semester hours credit. s-172 — Educational Sociology — One hour per day. See page 19. MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 15 BIOLOGY Professor Dericksox s-6 — Nature Study— One hour per day. Two classes may be conducted in nature study, one for boys and girls from the public schools and another" for adults. The aim of the course will be to familiarize the student with the forms of life with which they are surrounded and to acquaint them with their habits and associations. Assistance will be rendered those who de- sire to pursue special studies in any particular group of plants or animals. No college credit. s-81 — Bird Study — One hour per day. About seventy species of birds- may be studied in the immediate vicinity of Mount Gretna. The class will spend an hour or more each morning in the identification of species both by appearance and by note. Special work in the study of feeding and nest- ing habits and distribution will be outlined for those desiring the same. Prepared skins will be at hand to assist in the closer study of the different species. A pair of opera or field glasses will be found very serviceable in the course. A limited number may be rented for the season from the laboratory. One semester hour credit. s-92 — Botany — One hour per day. This course will consist largely of field work supplemented by laboratory work. Structure of the plants and their relation to their environment will be studied and the plants identified with the aid of a key. Teachers of Botany will have an opportunity of becoming familiar with the summer flora and of collecting and preserving much valuable material for use in their classes. A copy of Gray's Manual, Seventh Edition, will be needed for this course. Those desiring to prepare an herbarium should provide themselves with plant presses and driers. Herbarium materials, note books, museum bottles and reagents for fixing and preserving materials for sectioning, dissection or demonstration can be purchased at the laboratory at cost. Two semester hours credit. CHEMISTRY Professor Bender s-92 — Household Chemistry — One hour daily. A study of foods,, baking, water, beverages, fermentation, disinfectants and common medi- cinals and principles that demand attention from the modern intelligent home maker. Two semester hours credit. s-52 — Organic Chemistry— Two hours daily. A double course. The student's inability to do laboratory work will be in part compensated for by a carefully graded series of lecture demonstrations covering the entire field of organic chemistry. Sen'^s of questions will be distributed for out- side study and charts and representative specimens will be freely used. An elementar _,e in general chemistry is a prerequisite for the course. Four se. .^cer hours credit. s- 162— The Teaching of the Physical Sciences in the Secondary Schools— See page 14. 16 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE ECONOMICS Professor Gingrich s-12 — Economic Theory — One hour per day. A course in Economic theory covering the work of one semester. Two semester hours credit. Offered in alternate years beginning in 1921. s-22 — Economic Problems — One hour per day. A study of practical economic problems continuing the work of Economics s-12, which is a prerequisite. Offered in alternate years beginning in 1922. Two semester hours credit. s-52 — Practical Banking — One hour per day. The course covers a short study of the various types of banking institutions, the forms in com- mon use in banking practice and a careful analysis of the Uniform Negoti- able Instruments Law. One year of Economics is a prerequisite. Two semester hours credit. EDUCATION Professors Grimm and Severance See courses listed under Department of Education. ENGLISH Professor Stauffer s-13 — Dramatic Interpretation — -One hour per day. This is a course in the vocal interpretation of several of Shakespeare's plays; the study of the one act play and the presentation of a public program of modern one act plays or a modern drama. One semester hour credit. (Not offered 1922). s-15 — Modern Drama — One hour per day. This is a course stressing the theories of play-construction and dramatic criticism. The types of dramatic literature, the aims, the technique, the problems, as represented by Ibsen, Hauptman, Maeterlinck, Hervieu, Rostand, DAnnunzio, Tche- khov, Phillips, Pinero, Galsworthy, Shaw, Synge and Yeates, will be studied. (Not offered 1922). s-26-a — History of English Literature — One hour per day. This course covers the development of English Literature from the Anglo Saxon Period to the Restoration. This course is intended for those who have had the general survey afforded by the High School and the Normal School. Lectures, assigned readings and discussions. Two semester hours credit. s-26-b — History of English Literature — One hour per day. This course covers the period of English Literature from the Restoration to the present. This course is intended for those who have had the general survey afforded by the High School and the Normal School. Lectures, assigned readings and discussions. Two semester hours credit. s-52-a — American Literature — One hour per day. This is a course in the history of American Literature with special emphasis on Emerson, Hawthorne and Whitman. Lectures, discussions and assigned readings. Two semester hours credit. MT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 17 s-62 — Shakespeare — One hour per day. This is a course in the life and art of Shakespeare. Lectures, discussions and required reading. Two semester hours credit. s-132 — Methods of Teaching English — See page 14. FRENCH Professor Green s-a — Children's Course in Conversational French — One hour per day. The aim of this course is to enable children to understand to some extent the language when spoken, to form simple sentences, to memorize nursery rhymes and to play French games. No college credit. s-12-a — First Year French — One hour per day. This course includes a drill in French pronunciation and grammar with exercises in dictation and composition. Text: Thieme and Efhnger's French Grammar. Course offered in 1921. Two semester hours credit. s-12-b — First Year French — One hour per day. A continuation of French s-12-a and the reading of the following: La Belle France and La Poudre aux yeux. Course offered in 1922. Two semester hours credit. s-22-a — Second Year French — One hour per day. Advanced Compo- sition, dictation and the reading and interpretation of the following classics: Madame Therese and Lectures Historiques. Course offered in 1921. Two semester hours credit. s-22-b — Second Year French — One hour per day. Continuation of French s-22-a and the reading of the following classics: Standard French Authors and La Mare au (liable. Course offered in 1922. Two semester hours credit. HISTORY Professor Brunner s-42 — A Survey of American History to 1789 — One hour per day. This course offers a survey of the European background of American History and the establishment in America of European Institutions, with special emphasis upon the English settlements. Lectures, discussions and readings. Schuyler and Fox's Syllabus of American History will be used. Two semester hours credit. s-52 — Modern European Problems — One hour per day. This course is planned to show the relation of the United States to European problems. The chief topics discussed are the Congress of Vienna, the reshaping of the map of Europe, the Industrial Revolution, the growth of Italian and German unity, the rise of Russia, the late war, and current and inter- national problems resulting therefrom. Lectures, readings, reports and discussions. Two semester hours credit. s-62 — Methods of Teaching History in the Secondary Schools — See page 14. 18 LEBANON VALLEY COLLEGE LATIN Professor Severance s-12 — -Cicero — One hour per day. The "De Senectute" will be read with thorough drill in syntax. Two semester hours credit. s-22 — Virgil — One hour per day. Selections from the works not usually read in secondary schools, chiefly from the last six books of the Aeneid. Two semester hours credit. MATHEMATICS Professor Grimm s-1 — Elementary and Intermediate Algebra — One hour per day. The course is arranged to meet college entrance requirements. No college credit. s-22 — Plane Trigonometry — One hour per day. This course covers trigonometric functions as ratios. Proofs of the principal formulae and transformation of trigonometric expressions by means of these formulae. Solution of trigonometric equations, theory and use of logarithms and the solution of right and oblique triangles. Two semester hours credit. s-32 — Methods of Teaching Mathematics — See page 14. MUSIC Professor Engle s-1 — History and Appreciation of Music — One hour per day. This course is intended to give a survey of the History and Aesthetics of Music, the History of the Art of Music as an element of liberal culture, the pur- pose being to furnish the basis for an intelligent appreciation of musical composition from the standpoint of the listener. This course is illustrated with music. No previous knowledge of music is essential for admission to the class. s-2 — Piano Technique and Interpretation — One hour per day. A course for teachers and advanced students of the piano. Instruction in class, where each student will have the opportunity of performing the technical work and repertoire compositions assigned. Limited class; hours to be arranged with the instructor. s-3 — Chorus — This course is intended for all who are interested in choral music. Rehearsals will be held daily. At the close of the Summer School a public program will be rendered by the class. In addition to the public program the chorus will assist in the Sunday services of the Chau- tauqua Association. PHILOSOPHY Professor Butter wick s-22 — Introduction to Philosophy — One hour per day. A study of representative philosophical writings. Two semester hours credit. AIT. GRETNA SUMMER SCHOOL 19 s-52 — Ethics — One hour per day. This course will be primarily con- structive and critical, and historical only in so far as its constructive purpose demands. Two semester hours credit. POLITICAL SCIENCE Professor Gingrich s-12 — American Government and Politics — One hour per day. A course designed to give the student a working knowledge of the funda- mental laws of Federal and State Government. The course is devoted largely to the study of leading cases. Two semester hours credit. s-122 — Lessons in Problems of Democracy — See page 14. SOCIOLOGY Professor Gingrich s-172 — Educational Sociology — One hour per day. The course is intended to give the student an understanding of the various theories of society together with the place of Sociology in the general field of learn- ing. Modern social problems are considered at length. The course is designed as far as practical, to emphasize the subject matter of especial interest to teachers. Two semester hours credit.