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Annville, Pennsylvania 




June 11 Registration 

June 12 Classes Convene 

August 31 • • Closing Data 

Students may register for the twelve weeks' Summer Session 
or for the first six weeks or the last six weeks only. 



MARCH, 1951 



D. Clark Carmean, Editor; Dr. George G. Struble, Chairman, Publications 


Published during the months of January, February, March, April, May, Aug., Oct., 
November, by Lebanon Valley College. Annville, Pa. Entered as second class mat- 
ter at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., under the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912 




Acting President 

Professor of History 


Professor of Physics and Mathematics 

G. A. RICHIE, A.M., B D., D.D. 

Hrofessor of Religion and Greek 


Professor of French and Spanish Language and Literature 


Professor of Biological Science 


Professor of English 


Director, Conservatory of Music 


Director of Musical Organizations 


Music Educafion and Director of Summer School 


Professor of Sociology and Pohtical Science 


Assistant Professor of Economics and Business 


Instructor in Economics 


Instructor in Spanish and German 

RALPH S.,4HAY, A.B., M.A. 

Assistant Professor of History 


Professor of Psyclrology 


Professor of Psychology 


Assistant Professor of French and Soanish Language and Literature 


Instructor in History 


Assistant Professor of Chemistry 


Instructor in Education 


Instructor in French and Spanish 


Assistant Professor in Mathematics and Physics 


Assistant Professor of Biology 


Assistant Professor of Psychology in charge of testing 


Assistant Professor of Chemistry 


Assistant Professor of History 

■■•■■" ... JOHN P. SCHOLZ, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
• . Assistant Professor of English • • 

W. MAYNARD SPARKS, A.B., B.D., Ed.M., D.D. , . . 

Assistant Professor of Religion , • 



Lebanon Valley College will offer in 1951 a twelve weeks' summer session, 
designed to meet the needs of those who desire an accelerated college course, 
cultural improvement, or teacher certification. 

Courses which carry eight hours credit (such as Science or combinations of 
mathematics courses) will begin on June 11 and continue for eight weeks, ending 
on August 3. An additonal course may be taken during the second six weeks 


Registration by mail in advance of the opening date of the session is urged. 


Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, grades, 
and number of semester hours credit. Courses taken during the Summer Session 
are credited toward the college degrees. One hundred and twenty-six semester 
hours of academic credits are required for the bachelor degrees. For complete 
information concerning the requirements for degrees the candidate should refer 
to the college catalogue or write to the Registrar. 


Lebanon Valley College has established an accelerated program once more, 
for the benefit of young men who wish to finish as much college work as pos- 
sible before being called to military service. A high school graduate may start 
as a Freshman on June 11, 1951, and, by continuing throughout the twelve weeks 
and the first regular semester beginning in September, he may finish the mini- 
mum requirements for his Freshman year by January, 1952. 


July 25, 1951, is an important date for veterans who intend to apply for edu- 
cational or training benefits under tht Serviceman's Readjustment Act (Public Law 
346, 78th Congress). Veterans must apply for and commence their courses by 
July 25, 1951, or within four years after the date of discharge, whichever is the 

Therefore, any veteran who wishes to apply for educational benefits under 
Public Law 346 at Lebanon Valley College must commence his training during 
the summer session, the second period of which commences on July 23, 1951, in 
order to comply with this VA regulation. 

All veterans planning on entering Lebanon Valley College, who have not 
had previous training, should make arrangements in advance of entrance date 
to secure a Certificate of Eligibility and Entitlement from their local Veterans 
Administration Office. Any veteran who has received prior on-the-job, or insti- 
tutional training, and is planning on entering Lebanon Valley College should 
contact the Veterans Administration Office to secure a Supplemental Certificate 
of Eligibility. 


A registration fee of $1.00 is charged each student. 

The tuition fee is $15.00 per semester hour credit. 

In certain courses, incidental fees are charged. See specific course offerings 
for amounts of laboratory and other fees. 

A student teaching fee of $40.00 will be charged for Education SI 36 and Mu- 
sic S776. 

, The charge for private lessons in instrumental or vocal music will be at the 
rate of $35.00 per semester, or at the rate of $2.50 per half hour lesson. 

A library and activity fee of $2.00 will be charged and will be usod for 
the library and for the promotion of student activities. 

The College will operate the dining room if there is sufficient demand. The 
charge for board, in that case will be $10.00 per week. Providing patronaga 
warrants the opening of dormitories, the charge for rooms will be $4.00 per week. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration as a condition cf admission 
lo classes. 



Lebanon Valley College offers four courses of study leading to the Bacca- 
laureate degree: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) 

(3) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Chemistry .. 

(4) A course in Music Education leading to a degree of Bachelor of Science 
of 1 quality point per credit hour. 

The total number of credits required of candidates for these degrees, is in 
each case, 126 semester hours of academic credits and 4 in physical education. 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of 130 quality points, 
computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 points for each credit hour; for a grade of 
B, 2 points for each credit hour; for a grade of C, 1 point for each credit hour. 
No quality credit will be given for a grade of D. A grade of F shall entail a loss 
of 1 quality credit point per credit hour. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present at least 24 
semester hours in one department (to be known as his Major), and at least 18 
semester hours in another department (to be known as his Minor). Both Major 
and Minor must be selected not later than the beginning of the Junior year, the 
Minor to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen with the advice and 
approval of the Head of the Major department. Majors in education must have 
two Minors. 

The A.B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a 
Major in the following departments: English, French, German, Greek, History, 
Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). Political Science, Religion, Sociology, Spanish, 
Philosophy, and Psychology. The B.S. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling 
the requirements for a Major in the following departments: Biology, Chemistry, 
Economics and Business, Education, Mathematics (Science option). Music Edu- 
cation, and Physics. 

Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education are re- 
quired of all students. These courses which vary slightly according to the de- 
gree sought, are as follows: 

For the A.B. and B.S. degrees, except for the B.S. with major in Music Edu- 

Semester Hours 

English 10a— 10b (Composition) 6 

Foreign Language (above beginner's level) 6 

General Education 20 (Humanities) 8 

General Education 30 (Social Studies) 8 

History 24a— 24b (United States) 6 

Hygiene (Lectures for Freshmen) (No credit) 

Mathematics (required for B.S. deqree only) 9 to 15 

Orientation (Lectures for Freshmen) (No credit) 

Physical Education ^ 

Phychology 20 3 

Religion 10a— 10b or 11 ^ 

Religion 32, or Philosophy 31 2 or 3 

•Science (Bioloqy 12, Chemistry 10, or Physics 20, 21) 8 

*A generol education course in science is in preparation. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above some of the departments- 
require students majoring therein to take certain additional courses in subjects 
closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at once with 
the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted to 
advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should lose no 
time in having their credits evaluated by the Dean of the College, in order that 
they may b© informed as to what requirements they must meet for graduation. 




As a pre-requisite to the granting of ail degrees the candidate must have 
completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regularly conducted classes 
on the college campus. Teachers in service may meet this requirement by attend- 
ing the Summer School and Evening classes held during the year at the college. 
Credits earned in extension classes are not residence credits. 


Lebanon Valley College Summer Session offers recreation in the following: 
Archery, Badminton, Hand Ball, Organized Hikes, Tennis and Volley Ball. Swim- 
ming facilities are available within a short distance of the college, and at Hershey 
and Mt. Gretna. For those interested in Golf, Hershey has the finest public golf 
course and club house in the East. 

Various social affairs, such as picnics, teas, and trips to historical places, 
museums and industrial plants will be arranged under the auspices of the 
summer school. 


Annville, the home of Lebanon Valley College, is ideally situated on the 
Benjamin Franklin Highway, twenty miles east of Harrisburg. Mt. Gretna, 
nationally famous summer resort, lies but seven miles south. Hershey, Pennsyl- 
vania's recreational center, is located seven miles west and is easily reached by 
bus, train or auto. Indiantown Gap is situated only about ten miles northwest 
of Annville. 


For many years Lebanon Valley College, through extension and evening 
courses, has enabled teachers, state employees, and others in active employment 
to attend college courses and secure academic degrees. Through these courses 
teachers may meet the certification requiremen's of the State Department in the 
secondary field. 

Extension courses are offered in the Central School Building, Forster Street, 
Harrisburg, evenings from 7:00 to 9:00 P. M. 

A limited number of classes v/ill be held at the College in Annville, 
evemnqs from 6:30 to 8:15 P. M., and from 8:15 to 10:00 P. M. 

Extension and evening classes begin the week of September 17, 1951. 

Students interested in extension and even ng class work should write to 
Director of Extension and Evening Classes for information. The Director, D. Clark 
Carmean, will appreciate suggestions as to what courses may be desired. 


Numerous inquiries have been received concerning courses for teachers 
desirous of re-entering the profession and from teachers who wish to secure 
certification in additional fields. Most of the courses offered in the Summer Session 
will serve as refresher courses in addition to offering credit for certification. 

If there is a sufficient demand, additional courses will be offered. If the 
course in which you are interested is not listed in this Bulletin, write to the 
Director of the Summer School. 




S18 General Biology. A course in the general principles of Biology including 
the consideration of both plants and animals, their relation to their environment 
and to each ether, the principle of metabolism, growth, differentiation, adaptation 
reproduction, evolution and human welfare. 

The summer period offers a distinct advantage for biological work in that 
much more of the work may be done in the natural habitat of the organisms 
under consideration. 

The work will require a one and a half hour lecture period each day, also 
30 two-hour laboratory periods throughout the eight weeks' summer session. 
The laboratory fee is $16.00. Eight semester hours credit. 

S20 Geology. A general course in historical and structural geology giving 
atiention to the processes and dynamic agencies by which the crust of the earth 
has been formed and evolved into its present condition, with special attention 
to the fossil remains of plants and animals therein contained. The course in- 
cludes lectures and discussions and laboratory and field studies of material. 
Eight semester hours credit. Laboratory fee — $10.00. 

S22. Genetics This course deals with the mechanism and laws of heredity 
and variation, and their practical application. Four semester hours credit. Pre- 
requisite — a general course in Biology. 

S23 Entomology. This course is designed to acquaint the student with the 
various orders of insects, their characteristics and life histories, and includes a 
study of forms of economic importance. Field trips and a carefully prepared col- 
lection of insects are supplementary to the class work. Pre-requisites — a general 
course in Biology. Four semester hours credit. 

S28 Botany. Field studies of the summer flora. Designed especially for 
Pre-veterinary and Pre-medical students and those preparing to teach Biology in 
secondary schools and others interested in the study of plant life. 

Emphasis will be given plants known to cause or cure diseases in man oi 
other animals. References will be assigned on local plants from which drugs ore 
derived, their preparation and use. 

Each student will need Gray's Manual, 7th edition. A plant press (optional! 
if a herbarium is desired, and clothina suitable for traveling thru trackless fields 
and mountains. Laboratory fee is $14.00 Eight semester hours credit. 


SIO General Inorganic Chemistry. A systematic study of the fundamental 
principles of Chemistry and a study of the sources, properties and uses of the 
important elements and compounds. Eight semester hours credit. Laboratory fee 
$16.00. Eight weeks. 

520 Qualitative Analysis. Inorganic. Four semester hours credit. Laboratory 
fee, $10.00. 

521 Quantitative Analysis. Four semester hours credit. Laboratory fee, 

522 Organic Chemistry. A study of the sources, classification and type reac- 
tions of organic materials. Eight semester hours credit. Laboratory fee, $24.00. 
Eight weeks. 

S41 Organic Preparations. An advanced course in the synthesis of organic 
compounds. Pre-requisites: College Organic Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry. 
Two to four semester hours credit. Laboratory fee $10.00.. 


510 Economic Geography. First six weeks. 

The course deals with the field and function of Economic Geography; distri- 
bution of population; the earth; land forms; influence of soils; temperature; winds 
and ocean currents; climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the 
more important commodities of t^-e world's trade — their production, export and 
import in the various countries of the World. Stress will be laid on the chief 
sources of raw materials and their industrial uses and the marketing and trans- 
portation problems connected therewith. Three semester hours credit. 

511 Introduction to Business. Either six weeks. 

This course presents an understanding of our present business set-up. It 
makes an analysis of our business system as a whole and of its various divi- 
sions, and presents business in its relations to the broader aspects of our national 
life. It provides a background for the more specialized business courses that fol- 
low. The course is valuable to all students, whether or not they are majoring in 
business. Three semester hours credit. 

S20 Principles of Economics. Twelve weeks. 

An introductory course in Economics designed to explain the fundamental 
principles of underlying economic theory. It treats on the subject matter of Eco- 
nomicsiProductive enterprise; income and consumption; value theories; money 
and prices; functional and institutional distribution of wealth and income; foreign 
exchange; international economic relations. Pre-requisite or co-requisite for cours- 
es of a higher number within the Department of Economics. Three semester hours 

535 Marketing. First six weeks. 

Methods and policies of the marketing of agricultural products and the mer- 
chandising of manufactured commodities; meaning and importance of marketing 
distribution; marketing functions; trade channels; development of marketing 
methods; co-operative marketing; price policies; trade information; market analy- 
sis; merchandising costs and prices; an analysis of the merits and defects of the 
existing distributive organization. Three semester hours credit. 

536 Money and Banking. Second six weeks. 

This course deals with the nature and functions of money; monetary stand- 
ards and systems; monetary development in the United States; the National 
banking system; the structure and functions of the Federal Reserve System; com- 
mercial banking; credit and its uses; credit control. Three semester hours credil. 

538 International Economics. Second six weeks. 

This course includes the study of international trade; foreign exchange; pro- 
tectionism; and the economic interdependence of nations. Current international 
economic problems will be studied. Three semester hours credit. 

539 Office Management and Control. 

Scientific management in the office; standardization and standards; funda- 
mentals of office organization; physical facilities; equipment; records and re- 
ports; correspondence; filing; personnel relations of office work; managerial con- 
trol of office output. Three semester hours credit. 

S41 Advertising Principles. First six weeks. 

Planning of advertising campaigns; making apropriations; selecting media; 
appropriate packages; dealer aids; window displays; trade name, mark, and 
slogan. The study of psychological principles applicable to preparing advertising 
copy; the layout. Three semester hours credit. 

S46 Transportation. Second six weeks. 

The various types of transportation systems and services; costs; regulation 
by State and Federal government; rates and rate technique; valuation and rate 
of return; combinations; labor in the transport industries; public aids to the 
Iransport industries; and government ownership. Three semester hours credit. 



547 Principles of Insurance. First six weeks. 

The fundamental principles of insurance and their functions in modern eco- 
nomic life. It includes the various kinds of life, fire, and casualty insurance poli- 
cies, and the problems of the insurer and the insured. Three semester hours 

548 Labor Problems. Second six weeks. 

The nature of the labor problem; the rise of industry and labor; ihe nev/ 
•echnology and the wage earner; unemployment; the problem of child and wom- 
an labor; hours of labor; industrial accidents; unemployment insurance; old age 
pensions; economic program of organized labor; industrial conflict; agencies of 
industrial peace; modern industrial policies; international control of labor rela- 
tions. Three semester hours credit. 


In anticipation of the time when a fifth year of work may be required of 
secondary teachers, Lebanon Valley College has so arranged sequences of courses 
that its students may, upon graduation, continue graduate courses in the Schools 
of Education of the University of Pennsylvania and Temple University without 
loss of time or credits in securing the masters degree. Lebanon Valley College 
will continue to offer work leading to the granting of the provisional certificate 
and for teachers who do not desire a master's degree, such work as is at present 
required for the college permanent certificate. 

S32 Educational Foundations. This course attempts to acquaint the student 
with historical and philosophical trends and issues. Covering the period from 
primitive times down to the present, it presents the aims, content, and organization 
of the educational systems as practiced by various countries, and presents the 
great leaders of educational thought. Three semester hours credit. 

S30 Educational Measurements. Preparation for testing by ihe classroom 
teacher is offered through studying principles of validity and reliability, appraising 
and constructing tests, and considering the use of results. Laboratory fee of $1.00. 
Three semester hours credit. 

S47 Principles and Techniques of Secondary School Teachina. A study 
of principles, practices, and methods with their significance to secondary school 
teaching. Three semester hours credit. 

S20 Introduction to Education. An introduction to the field of educaiicn 
through the study of the American educational system, the place of the school 
in society, the training and function of the teacher. Three semester hours credit. 

S45 Visual and Sensory Techniques. Psychological bases for sensory aids: 
use of apparatus; sources of equipment and supplies. Laboratory fee of $4.00. 
Three semester hours credit. 

S40 Student Teaching. This course is designed to meet the minimum stu- 
dent teaching requirements for Pennsylvania certification in public school teach- 
ing. In addition to the regular summer school tuition, a laboratory fee of S40.0C 
is charged. This course will be given in Hershey, Pa. 

Mr. Raymond Koch, Supt. of Deny Township School is the Director in charge 
of the Hershey program and is directly responsible to Lebanon Valley College. 
Mr. Lange, the High School principal, and a selected corps of instructors from 
the same system act as Master Teachers. Six semester hours credit. 

S49 Workshop in English. Second six v/eeks. 

Methods and techniques in teaching English. Laboratory work in the use of 
special devices. Three semester hours credit. 

SlOa — 10b English Composition. First and Second periods. 
This course must be taken by all entering students except those who are 
found to be already proficient in written English, and who would therefore profit 
more by taking an advanced course in literature (English 20a — 20b) or compo- 
sition (EngUsh 23). Three or six semester hours credit. 

S20a Introduction to Literature. Second six weeks. 

The purpose of this course is to familiarize student with selected master- 
pieces of world literature, their backgrounds and techniques, in such a way as 
to give him a greater appreciation of the spirit of man in its highest forms of liter- 
ary expression. Three semester hours credit. 

S21a American Literature: From the Beginning to the Civil War. 

Second six weeks. 
An attempt, through the study of native authors, to see in perspective the 
evolving American mind; to observe how Puritanism, the Cavalier spirit, and the 
Romantic Movement have contributed to making us what we are; and to under- 
stand the spiritual resources of which we are the heirs. Three semester hours 

S22 Public Speaking. First six weeks. 

This course is required of all prospective teachers. Three semester hours 

S24 Contemporary American Literature. First six weeks. 

An analysis of American thought as it is expressed in the literature produced 
in America since World War I. Three semester hours credit. 

S49 Workshop in English. Second six weeks. 

Methods and techniques in teaching English. Laboratory work in the use of 
special devices. Three semester hours credit. 


SI Elementary French. This course is intended for those v/ho begin 
French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple French sen- 
tences, to carry on a conversation in easy French, and to read French of ordinary 
difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course, if 
followed by French 10. but it cannot be counted toward a major. 

SIO First Year College French. This course pre-supposes two years of high 
school French. It includes further drill in the principles of grammar, practice in 
conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive reading. Six semester 
hours credit. 


SIO Modern German Literature. Reading of nineteenth and twentieth 
century literature combined with a study of geography, history, and art. Grammar 
and composition. Six semester hours credit. 


SI Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who begin 
Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple Spanish sentences, 
to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to read Spanish of ordinary 
difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be granted for this course 
if followed by Spanish 10. 

SIO First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and extension of 
course 16 and includes further drill in the principles of grammar, practice in 
conversation, composition, and dictation, and more extensive reading. For entrance 
to Spanish 10, the preparatory course 1, or its equivalent (two years of high 
school Spanish) will be required. Six semester hours credit. 


SIO The History of Western Civilization. 

It is the purpose of this course to introduce the student to the principal de- 
velopments of mankind from early historical times to the present. Emphasis will 
be placed upon the history of Western civilization in its political, social, and 
cultural achievements. Some attention is also given to proper forms of note taking, 
the preparation of reports, and the elements cf research. Three semester houis 

521 The Renaissance and Reformation. First six weeks. 

A study of the political, economic, cultural, and religious changes that oc- 
curred from the thirteenth to he sixteenth centuries. Special attention is given to 
the artistic developments of the Renaissance. Three semester hours credit. 

522 Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Europe. Second six weeks. 

This course includes a study of the Wars of Religion, the Age of Louis XIV, 
the Old Regime in France, the French Revolution, Napoleon, and the Congress of 
Vienna. Three semester hours credit. 

S24a — b Political and Social History of the United States and Pennsylvania. 

A general survey of American history from Colonial times to the present. A 
study of the importance of Pennsylvania's contribution to the development of the 
nation will be stressed. This course is designed to fulfill the state requirements 
for Uniter States and Pennsylvania history. Six semester hours credit. 

531 Europe from 1815 to 1914. First six weeks. 

Nineteenth Century Europe from the Congress oi Vienna to the outbreak of 
World War I. Three semester hours credit. 

532 Europe from 1914 to the Present. Second six weeks. 

A study of the World War I and World War 11. Em.phasis will be placed up- 
on current history. Three semester hours credit. 

SI Introductory Algebra. 

Designed as a refresher and remedial mathematics course. No college credit. 

S13 College Algebra. 

Minimum contents: Factoring, fractions, exponents and radicals, logarithms, 
linear and simultaneous linear equations, quadratic equations, systems of quad- 
ratic equations, variation, binomial theorem, theory of equations through Horner's 
method. Three semester hours credit. 

S19 Mathematics of Finance. 

The course seeks to present the mathematical principles and operations used 
in financial work. A detailed study of compound interest, compound discount, and 
anuities is undertaken. Application of these principles is then made to practical 
problems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuations of bonds, and 
building and loan associations. Three semester hours credit. 

533 Differential Calculus. 

Differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions maxima and mini- 
ma, rates, some anti-derivatives. Four semester hours credit. 
Pre-requisite: Mathematics 20. 

534 Integral Calculus. 

Formal integration rules and applications, constant oi integration, the definite 
integral with applications to surfaces, volumes, work, and centroid, multiple in- 
tegration, and some partial derivatives. Four semester hours credit. 

S40 Differential Equations. 

A course in the elements of differential equations. 

Pre-requisite: Mathematics 33, 34 and 35. Four semester hours credit. 



S41 Survey of Mathematics. 

This course is designed to give the student an appreciation of the various 
fields of mathematics with regard to their content and methods, rather than a 
manipulative mastery. It would be particularly suitable to mathematics teachers 
in not only affording them a review for subjects already taken in college, but 
also in acquainting them with areas in w^hich no specific study has been made. 
Topics from algebra, geometry, analysis, and applied mathematics will be dis- 
cussed. Four semester hours credit. 

S32 Ethics. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the- 
academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a strengthening 
of the moral sense. This is a required course for all students proceeding to a 
degree. Two semester hours credit. 


S20 General College Physics. The Conventional Course in General College 
Physics will be offered during the summer session. There will be at least nine 
hours of lectures and recitations together with a minimum of eight hours of lab- 
oratory work per week. Credit 8 semester hours. Laboratory fee $20.00 Eight 

SlOa American Government and Politics. An introduction to the study of 
government in the United States. A study of the relationships which exist between 
municipal, state, and national government, a comparison of the governmental 
powers exercised by each of these units, and a consideration of the institutions 
through which these functions are exercised. Some attention is devoted to current 
world affairs Three semester hours credit. First six weeks. 


520 General Psychology. Restricted to sophomores and upper classmen 
except by consent of the departmental adviser. A beginning course in general 
psychology, designed to acquaint the student with the fundamental psychological 
principles and their annlication in daily life. Lectures and discussions. Three 
semester hours credit. First six weeks. 

521 Psychology of Childhood. A study of the psychological development of 
the child from the beginning of life to adolescence. Throughout the course 
emphasis is placed upon practical problems of child care and training. Topics 
considered include the development of proper physical and health habits, child- 
ren's questions, religious and sex instruction, emotional and personality problems, 
problems of family life and relationships, behavior problems and discipline, and 
problems of school life and relationships. Lectures, assigned readings, and panel' 
discussions. Fee, $1.00. Pre-requisite: Psychology 20. Three semester hours credit 
First six weeks. 

522 Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome and effective personality adjust- 
ments, in'-b'ding the causes and treatment of the more common social and emo- 
tional maladjustments Pre-requisite: Psychology 20. Three semester hours credit. 
First or Second six weeks. 

523 Educational Psychology. A psychological study ol the nature of the 
learne'- and the nature of the learning process. It includes such topics as individ- 
ual differences, motivation, emotion, and transfer of training. Pre-requisite: Psychol- 
ogy 20. Three semester hours credit. Second six weeks. 

S30 Applied Psychology. A survey of the applications of psychology to the 
various fields of human relations. Among the areas covered are vocational guid- 
ance, human adjustment, public opinion and propaganda, industry, business, work 
and efficiency, and clinical practice. Lectures, discussions, special reports, and 
field trips. Fee, $2.00. Pre-requisite: Psychology 20. Three semester hours credit. 
Second six weeks. 



531 Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the individual's development 
irom childhood to maturity. Characteristic features of physical, intellectual, social, 
emotional, and moral and religious growth are considered in detail, with practical 
application to problems of educational, vocational, and heterosexual adjustment. 
Lectures, discussions, assigned readings, and case studies. Pre-requisite: Psychol- 
ogy 20. Three semester hours credit. 

SlOa-SlOb Introduction to English Bible. An appreciative and historical sur- 
vey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. This is a required course 
for all students proceeding to a degree. Three or Six semester hours credit. Either 
six weeks or both. 

532 The Teaching of Jesus. This course attempts an intensive study of the 
religious concepts of Jesus as set forth in the Gospels. Required of all proceeding 
to a college degree at Lebanon Valley College. Three or Six semester hours 
credit. Either six weeks or both. 

S20 Introductory Sociology. The nature of man's social heritage, the bearing 
of group life upon the individual's personality, the development of social institu- 
tions and community life, and the forces involved in social change and reorgan- 
ization are the principal topics studied in this course. Three semester hours credit. 
First six weeks. 








EDWARD F. RUTLEDGE, M.A Musical Organizations 

D. CLARK CARMEAN, M.A Music Education 

FRANK STACHOW, M.A Instrumental 

ELIZABETH KAHO, M.A. (Leave of absence) Theory, Piano 








JANE HOLLIDAY _ Music Education and 'cello 




The aim of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory is to teach music historically 
and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; to offer courses that will give 
a thorough and practical understanding of theory and composition; and to train 
artists and teachers. 

The Conservatory of the college is one of a limited number of institutions 
offering courses in Public-School Music for teachers and supervisors approved for 
certification by the Pennsylvania State Council of Education. 

Professors Crawford, Malsh and Campbell will be available during the sum- 
mer term for private instruction in their respective fields. Persons interested in 
private instruction should address them individually and complete arrangements 
in advance of the opening date. 

Professor Rutledge will be available for private instruction in woodwinds 
and brass. 

The charge for private lessons in vocal or instrumental music is at the rate of 
$35.00 per semester, or at the rate of $2.50 per half hour lesson. 


Six semester hours credit. 

Students 'requiring practice teaching in Instrumental Music may make arrange- 
ments to do their practice teaching in the Demonstration School in Annville. Stud- 
ent teaching fee is $40.00. 

SOLFEGGIO 20 Professor Gillesjie 

Two semester hours credit. 

A continuation with exercises and songs of increasing difficulty both tonal 
and rhythmic. Emphasis on reading from any clef. Study and application of 
additional tempo, dynamic and interpretive markings. 

Speed and accuracy are demanded. New material is constantly used, 
resulting in an extensive survey of song material. 

MUSIC LITERATURE 32 Professor Gillespie 

Three semester hours credit. 

Study of instrumental music literature for use of teaching all phases of appre- 
ciation in public schools. 


INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Professor Rutledge 

Class instruction is ottered for beginners, on: 

BRASS 1 — (Trumpet, Cornet, Alto, French Horn, Trombone, Baritone, or 
Tuba) — 1 hour credit. 

ADVANCED BRASS— 1 hour credit. 

PERCUSSION (Drums)— 1 hour credit. 

PERCUSSION (Advanced)— 1 hour credit. 

METHODS 20: Child Voice and Hole Songs with Materials and Methods for 

Grades I, 2, 3. Professor Gillespie 

Three semester hours credit. 

A comprehensive study of the use of child's singing voice in the primary 
grades, including the treatment of monotones, acquaintance with the best collec- 
tions of rote songs, and practice in choosing, memorizing, singing, and presenting 
a large number of these songs; methods of presenting rhythm through singing 
games and simple interpretive movements; beginnings of directed music apprecia- 
tion; foundation studies for later technical developments. Comparative study of 
recognized Public School Music Series. 

METHODS 30: All Materials and Methods for Grades 4 ,5, 6. Professor Gillespie 

Three semester hours credit. 

A study of the child's singing voice in the intermediate grades; special 
attention to the formal or technical work of these grades, with an evaluation of 
important texts and recent approaches. Preparation of lesson plans, making of 
outlines, and observation is required. Music appreciation is continued. 

METHODS 31: Materials and Methods, Junior and Senior High School 

Professor Gillespie 

Three semester hours credit. 

The junior and senior high school problems are treated separately through 
an analysis of the specific problems, year by year or in special groups. Attention 
is given to materials and methods relative to the organization and directing of 
choruses, glee clubs, orchestra, band, elementary theory, music appreciation, and 
class instruction in band and orchestral instruments; study in the testing and care 
of the adolescent voice. 

METHODS 40: Advanced Problems. Professor Rutledge 

Three semester hours credit. 

A study of the general and specific problems which confront the director of 
school orchestras, bands, and instrumental classes. Problems of general interest 
will include (1) organization and management, (2) stimulating and maintaining 
interest, (3) selection of beginners, (4) scheduling rehearsals and class lessons, 
(5) financing and purchasing instruments, uniforms, and other equipment, (6) 
marching bands — formations and drills, (7) evaluating music materials, (8) festivals, 
contests, and public performances. 

HARMONY 31: (Composition and Orchestration). Professor Rutledge 

Three semester hours credit. 

Original composition is continued in various vocal and instrumental forms 
This course otters opportunity and guidance in arranging music for various com- 
binations of instruments and voice, including band, orchestra, and chorus. The 
best productions of the class will be given public performance.