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Summer School Bulletin 

Summer Session 

June 23 - August 2, 1941 

Annville, Pennsylvania 




June 23 - August 2, 1941 


June 2 -. Last day for Demonstration School Registration 

June 23 Registration 

June 24 Classes Convene, 7:30 A. M. 

July 4 Holiday 

August 2 Final Examination 

Classes will meet Saturday, June 28th, and Saturday, July 12th. 
Otherwise there will be no Saturday Classes. 


Published Monthly by the College 
Vol. XXX May, 1941 No. 2 

Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under Act of 
August 24, 1912 

Annville, Pa. 



Clyde A. Lynch, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D. 


Samuel Grimm, A.M. 
Registrar and Professor of Physics 

Hiram H. Shenk, A.M., LL.D. 
Professor of History 

Christian R. Gingrich, A.B., LL.B. 
Professor of Political Science and Sociology 

Mary C. Green 
Professor of French 

Andrew Bender, Ph.D. 
Professor of Chemistry 

Paul A. Wallace, Ph.D. 
Professor of English 

Milton L. Stokes, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. 
Director of Summer School and Professor of Economics 

Stella J. Stevenson, Ph.D. 
Professor of Froich Literature 

V. Earl Light, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Biological Science 

George G. Struble, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of Eyiglish 

L. G. Bailey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Psychology 

Alvin H. M. Stonecipher, Ph.D. 
Professor of Gervian 

D. Clarke Carmean, M.A. 
Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Amos H. Black, Ph.D. 

Professor of Mathematics 

Paul O. Shettel, M.A., B.D., S.T.D. 

Professor of Philosophy and Religion 

Clyde S. Stine, Ph.D. 
Professor of Education 

Frederic K. Miller, M.A. 
Professor of History 

Edward M. Balsbaugh. B.S. 

Director of Demonstration School 

J. L Baugher, Ph.D. 

Superintendent of Schools, Hershey 

Associate Professor of Education 



The Twenty-First Summer Session of Lebanon Valley College will be 
conducted on the college campus in Annville from June 23 to August 2. 
A demonstration school in the field of Education will be conducted at the 
same time in Hershey, where the Board of Education has generously 
tendered the college the use of its modern school plant for this purpose. 


Registration by mail in advance of the opening date of the session 
is urged. Applications for admission and registration will be received by 
the director up to and including Monday, June 23rd. 

Due to preliminary arrangements required for the accommodation of 
persons desiring work in practice teaching, registration for this woi'k 
must be filed with the dn-ector, together with the laboratory fee of 
seventeen dollars ($17.00), not later than May 1st. Enrollments in prac- 
tice teaching are limited in number and applications will be accepted in 
the order of their filing. Accommodations for applicants in practice 
teaching after May 1 may be arranged but can not be guaranteed. Al- 
though seldom exercised, the College reserves the right to add or with- 
draw any course or courses listed in this bulletin. 


Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, 
grades, and number of semester hours credit. Courses taken during the 
Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees. One hundred 
twenty-six semester hours of academic credits are required for the bach- 
elor degrees. For complete information concerning the requirements for 
degrees the candidate should refer to the college catalogue or address the 


A registration fee of $1.00 is charged each student. 

The tuition fee is $8.00 per semester hour credit, $48.00 for six credit 

A laboratory fee is charged for Science and Demonstration School 

The charge for room and board is $8.00 per week, $48.00 for the 
Summer School. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration as a condition of 
admission to classes. 


Students wishing room and board should notify the Director of the 
Summer School so that suitable arrangements can be made in advance 
of registration. 


Lebanon Valley College offers two courses of study leading to the 
Baccalaureate degi-ee: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B. S.) 



The total number of credits required of candidates for these degrees, 
is in each case, 126 semester hours of academic credits and 4 in physical 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of 130 quality 
points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 points for each credit 
hour; for a grade of B, 2 points for each credit hour; for a grade of C, 1 
point for each credit hour. No quality credit will be given for a grade 
of D. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present at 
least 24 semester hours in one department (to be known as the Major), 
and at least 18 semester hours in another department (to be known as 
his Minor). Majors in Education are required to have two Minors. Both 
Major and Minor must be selected not later than the beginning of the 
Junior year, the Minor to be suitably related to the Major, and chosen 
with the advice and approval of the Head of the Major department. 

The A. B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements 
for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion, English, 
French, (German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). Po- 
litical Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psychology. The B. S. 
degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a 
Major in the following departments: Biology, Chemistry. Mathematics 
(Science option), Physics, Business Administration and Economics, Ed- 
ucation, and Music Education. 


Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education 
are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly accord- 
ing to the degree sought, are as follows: 

Bible 14 and 82 6 hours 

English 16 and 26 12 hours 

Foreign Language^ 

History- 6 hours 

Hygiene . - 2 hours 


Philosophy 32 — - — 2 hours 

Physical Education 4 hours 

Psychology 14 4 hours 


Social Studies 6 hours 

Economics 16 or 

Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or 

Political Science 16 or 

Sociology 13 and 23 

1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Languag-e are required. 

For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' course. Courses 
may be selected from French, German, Greek. Latin, or Spanish. 

2 This may be made up from tlie following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 
23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 

3 Math. 13, 23, and 4S are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical 
students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- 
ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 

4 Biology 18, Chemistry IS and Physics IS are required of candidates for the B.S. 
degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. 



Through Summer Sessions, extension and evening classes, Lebanon 
Valley College is enabling many teachers and others to attend College 
courses and secure academic degrees who, for one reason or another, 
could not otherwise do so. By a careful selection of courses and consul- 
tation with the heads of departments in the college a student can meet 
the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate degree while contin- 
uing in his or her occupation. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above some of the de- 
partments require students majoring therein to take certain additional 
courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at once 
with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requii'ements they must meet for 

Bachelor of Science with Education Major. Teachers College credits 
from recognized institutions are allowed on the following basis: work of 
a professional character will be equated on the basis of semester hours. 
Graduates who have taken the full two years' normal course based upon 
four full years of high school work usually receive approximately 60 
semester hours, though each case is evaluated individually. A total of 126 
hours of academic credit is required. For full information address the 
Department of Education, Lebanon Valley College. 


The Pennsylvania State Council of Education has approved the fol- 
lowing regulations for the College Provisional Certificate. 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years in any 
public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its face, 
and to teach in the elementary field where the applicant is a holder of 
a certificate for teaching in this field or has completed an approved cur- 
ri<;ulum in preparation for teaching in such field. 

The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved 
college or university and must have successfully completed at least 
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education distributed 
as follows: 

Introduction to Teaching 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology (General Psychology is a 

prerequisite) 3 semester hours 

Practice Teaching in the Appropriate Field 6 semester hours 
Electives in Education selected from the following 

list -— - 6 semester hours 



Secondary Education Educational Systems 

Elementary Education History of Education 

School Efficiency Principles of Education 

Special Methods Educational Psychology 

School Hygiene Technique of Teaching 

Educational Administration Adolescent Psychology 

Educational Measurements Philosophy of Education 
Educational Sociology 

The practice teaching requirement may be met by taking Education 
136-A and Education 136-B. 

Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which 
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle" or 
better, may be accepted as the equivalent of the practice teaching re- 

The holder of the State Provisional College Certificate is certified to 
teach subjects in which not fewer than eighteen semester hours have 
been completed. 


On October 10, 1934, the State Council of Education approved the 
following regulation with regard to the preparation of teachers: "All ap- 
plicants for permanent teaching certificates on and after September 1, 
1935, shall be required to present evidence of having completed an ap- 
proved course in visual and sensory techniques." 

Lebanon Valley College includes among its offerings for the 1941 
summer session a course in Visual Education. This course has been ap- 
proved by the State Department of Education, and is open to under- 
graduates as well as post-graduate students. 


As a pi'e-requisite to the granting of all degrees the candidate must 
have completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regularly con- 
ducted classes on the college campus. Teachers in service may meet this 
requirement by attending the Summer School and Friday and Saturday 
classes held during the year at the college. Credits earned in extension 
classes and at the Hershey Demonstration School are not residence cred- 


Lebanon Valley College Summer Session offers recreation in the fol- 
lowing: Archery, Badminton, Hand Ball, Organized Hikes, Tennis and 
Volley Ball. Swimming facilities are available within a short distance 
of the college, and at Hershey and Mt. Gre*na. For those interested in 
Golf, Hershey has the finest public golf course and club house in the East. 



Various social affairs, such as picnics, teas, and trips to historical 
places, museums and industrial plants will be arranged under the aus- 
pices of the summer school. 


Annville, the home of Lebanon Valley College, is Ideally situated on 
the Benjamin Franklin Highway, twenty miles east of Harrisburg. Mt. 
Gretna, nationally famous summer resort, lies but seven miles south. Her- 
shey, Pennsylvania's recreational center, is located seven miles west and 
is easily reached by bus, train or auto. 





S16. General Biology. A course in the general principles of Bio- 
logy including the consideration of both plants and animals, their rela- 
tion to their environment and to each other, the principle of metabolism, 
growth, differentiation, adaptation, reproduction, evolution and human 

The summer period offers a distinct advantage for biological work 
... that much more of the work may be done in the natural habitat of the 
organisms under consideration. 

The work will require about six hours work per day and will be 
divided between the field, the laboratory or the class room as best meets 
the requirements of the material being studied. The laboratory fee is 
$12.00. Six semester hours credit.* 

S446. Methods of Teaching Science. (Education S446.) This 
course is designed to acquaint students of the sciences with methods of 
obtaining, preparing, and pi'eserving all types of scientific materials; the 
making of charts and models; photography; lantern slide making; the 
fundamentals of taxidei'my; various types of tests and devices used in 
teaching; sources of equipment; and lists of books and periodicals useful 
to science students and teachers. The laboratory fee is $12.00. Six se- 
mester hours credit. 


S16. General Inorganic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and recita- 
tions and four hours of laboratory work daily. A systematic s*udy of the 
fundamentals of Chemistry. The rapid increase in knowledge of the ma- 
terial world we live in and particularly the new knowledge of the consti- 
tution and structure of matter demands a popular approach to Chemistry. 
While this procedure is followed in the course, the aim is to lay a firm 
foundation for those who will pursue the subject matter further. The 
laboratory fee is $20.00. Six semester hours credit.* 

S46. Organic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and recitations and 
four hours of laboratory work daily The course includes a study of the 
sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes 
foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explos- 
ives, coal tar intermediates and manufacturing processes. 

The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the 
preparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. Six 
semester hours credit.* Prerequisite Chemistry 18. Laboratory fee is 

*In the case of students requiring eight credits arrangements can be made to 
work for two additional credits after the summer session. 



S13. Principles of Economics. A course dealing' with the funda- 
mental principles underlying the operation of the economic system. A 
study of production, value, distribution and consumption. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

tS33. Money and Banking. This course deals with: the nature and 
functions of money, monetary standards and systems, monetary develop- 
ment in the United States, the National banking system, the structure 
and functions of the Federal Reserve System, commercial banking, credit 
and its uses, credit control, monetary policy and the business cycle, cen- 
tral banks, investment banking, savings banks, consumptive credit in- 
stitutions, agricultural credit. Three semester hours credit. 

tS73. Contemporary Economic Problems. Economic changes since 
1929. Organization and methods of American business, federal regula- 
tion of competition, merchandizing methods and the consumer, banking 
and monetary reforms, inflation, the security markets, federal regula- 
tion of securities and exchang-es, the labor movement in the United 
States, international economic relations, post-war American commer- 
cial policy, public regulation of railroads and electric power, the prob- 
lems of agriculture, social security, national economic planning. Three 
semester hours credit. 

S83. Economics of Consumption. An approach to the study of econ- 
omics from the consumer point of view. It includes: the growing im- 
portance of consumption, consumption in a changing world, the role of 
consumers in economic life, consumers' choice, the determinants of 
choice, standards for consumers, standards of living, aids to consum- 
ers, legislation relating to consumers. The course is open both to those 
who have had courses in Economic theory and those who have had no 
previous work in Economics. Three semester hours credit. 

tS113. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of Economic Geographv, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more 
important commodities of the world's trade — their production, export, 
?nd import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on 
the chief sources of raw materials and their industrial uses and the 
marketing and transportation problems connected therewith. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 


S22. History of Education in the United States. A study of educa- 
tion in the colonial times, early attempts at organization of systems of 
education, the history of the elementary school; the Latin grammar 
school; the Academy; the history and growth of the American High 
School; and the present school system. Two semester hours credit. 

j-The one for which there is the greatest demanrl will be given. 



S33. Principles of Secondary Education. A course dealing with 
the high school pupils, their physical and mental traits, individual dif- 
ferences, and the make-up of the high school population; the secondary 
school as an institution, its history, its relation to elementary education 
and to higher education; social principles determining secondary educa- 
tion; the curriculum; the place, function, and value of the several sub- 
jects of the curriculum; organization and management of the high school. 
Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Philosophy of Education. This course aims to supply a basis 
for constructive thinking in the field of education. Various theories in 
education will be considered. Two semester hours credit. 

S82. Educational Measurements. A critical analysis of the prob- 
lems in measuring the results of teaching. A study of the uses and ad- 
ministration of representative tes's and scales for junior and senior high 
school subjects. Pre-requisite, Psychology 14. Laboratory fee of one dol- 
lar. Two semester hours credit. 

S123. Introduction to Teaching. An introductory course intended 
to acquaint the prospective teacher with the general principles and prob- 
lems involved in the profession. Three semester hours credit. 

S182. School Hygiene. This course will deal with the place and 
scope of hygiene as it applies to education. Special problems relating to 
the development of the child, health, defects, sanitation, hygiene of in- 
struction, etc., will receive attention. Two semester hours credit. 

S202 or 203. Visual Education. The psychology of visual and sen- 
sory aids to learning and their administration will be studied. Special at- 
tention will be given to the sources and types of visual aids which are 
within the means of the ordinary school system and classroom teacher. 
Lectures, readings, reports, demonstrations and individual projects. The 
State course will be followed. Laboratory fee $2.00. Two or three se- 
mester hours credit. 


S13. English Essay. Brief survey of the English essay; examina- 
tion of representative essays; pi-actice in the writing of the essay. This 
is primarily a composition course and will be accepted as meeting the 
composition requirements of one semester of freshman English. Three 
semester hours credit. 

S26. A Survey of English Literature. This course is required of 
all students proceeding to a degree. It is offered in two parts. Students 
may take either or both, depending on their requirements. Three or six 
semester hours credit. 

S43. Eighteenth Century Literature. Lectures on literary tenden- 
cies between 1660 and 1800, with a rapid survey of the principal au- 
thors. Three semester hours credit. 



S132. Contemporary Drama. A survey of American and Euro- 
pean drama since 1890. Two or three semester hours credit. 

S522. American Prose. A survey of American prose from the 
beginnings to the present. Two or three semester hours credit. 


S06. Elementary French. This course is intended for those who 
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy French, and to read 
French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be 
granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot be 
counted toward a major. Three hours class work daily. 

S16. First Year College French. This course presupposes two years 
of high school French. It includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composi'ion, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. Three hours class work daily. Six semester hours 


806. Elementary German. This course is intended to give students 
a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, a^d to enable them 
to understand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomat- 
ically. College credit will be given for the course but it cannot be count- 
ed toward a major. Three hours of class work daily. Six semester hours 

S16. "Kulturkunde." The making of modern Germany, its geog- 
raphy, its institutions, its social and artistic life, illustrated by maps, 
pictures, and readings from contemporary litei'ature. This course is not 
only a preparation for the study of German literature but is intended 
also for those who wish to use German as a tool for advanced work in 
science and other fields. Three hours class work daily. Six semester hours 

Note: Either of the above courses will be offered, depending on the 
number of students enrolled. 


S43. History of Pennsylvani-a. Three semester hours credit. 

S63. Economic History of the United States. A studv of the 
background of American History, including the growth of American 
agi-icultural and industrial interests, from their colonial beginnings to 
their present day develojiment. Three semester hours credit. 

S243. History of Latin America. A survey of the development of 
the various countries of Central and South America, with special em- 
phasis upon their cultural and diplomatic relations with the United 
States. Three semester hours credit. 



S253. Current International Relations. A study of the daily de- 
velopments in international relations along- with their historic back- 
ground. The role of the United States, and the development of Amer- 
ican policies vi^ill be stressed. Three semester hours credit. 


S13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, 
logarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial 
fractions, etc. Three semester hours credit. 

S33. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola, and hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, 
and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is 
covered as time will permit. Three semester hours credit. 

S43. Differential and Integral Calculus. Differentiation of alge- 
braic and transcendental functions, maxima and minima, development in- 
to series, etc. Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of sur- 
faces, cubature of solids, etc. Three semester hours credit. 

S103. Introduction to Statistics. This course will deal with the col- 
lection, presentation and analysis of numerical data. In particular, it will 
deal with frequency distribution analysis, the theory of probability and 
method of least squares, and simple and multiple correlation. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 

S123. Mathematics of Finance. The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A detail- 
ed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is un- 
dertaken. Applications of these principles is then made to practical prob- 
lems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of bonds, and 
building and loan associations. Three semester hours credit. 

Note: If there should be a sufficient demand for any other standard 
course in Mathematics, it may be offered in place of any of the above 



S32. E-thics. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. Two semester hours ci'edit. 


S16. College Physics. A survey of the fundamental laws of Phy- 
sics in the fields of mechanics, electricity and Ight. One hour lecture and 
recitation daily and four hours laboratory. Six semester hours credit.* 


S82. Political Parties in the United States. A study of the h's- 
tory of political parties in the United States, their platforms and in- 
fluence. Modern political trends are analyzed. Two semester hours 

*In the case of students requiring eight credits arrangements can be made t'o 
work for additional credits after the Summer Session, 



S83. American Constitutional Law. A study of the growth and 
development of the Constitution through the medium of judicial decis- 
ions. Recent decisions illustrating its application to new conditions of 
the present age, and proposals for court modifications, are given par- 
ticular consideration. Political Science 16 (American Government) is a 
pre-requisite. Three semester hours credit. 


S13. General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the student 
with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psychologi- 
cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, ac- 
quired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Lec- 
tures, discussions. Three semester hours credit. 

S23. Educational Psychology. Designed to meet the needs of stud- 
ents of education who are seeking from psychology the facts and prin- 
ciples that have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is plac- 
ed on the learning process. Prerequisite: Psychology 13. Three semester 
hours credit. 

S42. Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the physical and men- 
tal changes which characterize adolescence. The questions of rate and 
variation in learning, motive, personality, disturbances and control of 
behavior will be handled. This course has been approved by the State 
Department of Education for professional credit. Two semester hours 

S63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective person- 
ality adjustments, including the causes and treatment of the more com- 
mon and emotional maladjustments among college students. Pre-requi- 
site: General Psychology. Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Child Psychology. A course dealing with characteristics of 
original nature; innate tendencies and instincts; general tendencies, 
habits, and learning of children; cross-sections of child life at various 
ages; the exceptional child. Two semester hours credit. 

Note: Only two or three of the above courses will be offered. 
Which courses will be given will depend on the demand. 


S42. The Family. A study of the family and its relation to so- 
cial institutions; the rights, duties and interactions of its members; 
the evolution of social thought concerning it and its status in the fu- 
ture. Two semester hours credit. 



The Demonstration School 

Lebanon Valley College is pleased to announce the continuation of 
the training school in grades 7 to 12, conducted as part of the 1941 sum- 
mer session. Through the generous co-operation of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Hershey, Pennsylvania, these training courses will be conducted 
in the splendid public-school buildings of that town. Because of the high 
standard of the Hershey schools and their equipment, and by reason of 
the advantages offered by the community for project work beyond the 
school room, an opportunity for training of the highest order is afforded 
students preparing to enter the teaching profession. Hershey children will 
be in attendance. The college has engaged the services of master teach- 
ers of the highest qualifications and proved experience. Practice teach- 
ers and observers will be under their guidance and the supervision of Dr. 
J. L Baugher, Superintendent of Hershey Public Schools. 

The purposes of the school are three-fold: Firsi, to provide a superior 
type of secondary school during the summer session for observation and 
student-teaching; second, to demonstrate modern methods of teaching; 
third, to provide sufficient observation, participation, and studen. -teaching 
to meet the certification requirements of Pennsylvania for teachers on 
the Junior-Senior High School level. 

Students may be in residence in Annville while attending the dem- 
onstration school at Hershey. The distance between Hershey and Annville 
is seven miles. The dormitories and dining room of the college will be 
open to all students who register for work at Hershey. 

Because the number of students that can be accommodated is lim- 
ited, registrations for demonstration school work must be f Jed with the 
registrar of Lebanon Valley College at an early date. All applications 
for student-teaching should be sent to Professor E. M. Balsbaugh, of the 
Department of Education, who will make reservations for classes ac- 
cording to the applicant's major and minor teaching subjects. 

Fees for demonstration school work are $8.00 per semester hour. An 
additional laboratory fee of $17.00, payable at the time of registration, 
is required of persons taking student-teaching. An advance payment of 
$20.00 is required by May 1st, 1941, so as to warrant the reservation of 
classes for the several students. This will not be returned if the appli- 
cant fails to register. 


S136. Observation and Student-Teaching. This course is given in 
the Public Junior-Senior High School at Hershey, Pennsylvania, and con- 
sists of observation, participation, and actual teaching in the Demonstra- 
tion School. Individual and group conferences are held with the Director 
of Student-Teaching and the critic teachers. Prerequisites: Introduction 
to the Study of Education and Educational Psychology. Six semester 
hours credit. 



Conservatory of Music 

Maky E. Gillespie, M.A Director 

Ruth Engle Bender, A.B Pianv 

R. Porter Campbell, Mus.B . Pianoforte, Organ 

Harold Malsh _ . Viohn 

Alexander Crawford _ . _ Voice 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A Band and Orchestra histruments 

Ella R. Mover, B.S., M.A Theory 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Nella Miller, M.A. Piano 

Merl Freeland, A.B Piano 

Myron Taylor . _ _ Voice 

Virginia Darnell, M.A. Music Education 

The aim of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory is to teach music 
historically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; to offer 
courses that will give a thorough and practical undei'standing of theory 
and composition; and to train artists and teachers. 

The Conservatory of the college is one of a limited number of insti- 
tutions offering courses in Public-School Music for teachers and super- 
visors approved for certification by the Pennsylvania State Council of 

In response to a demand for summer courses that will enable s-udents 
in music to earn credits to meet deficiencies, shorten attendance requir- 
ed in the regular winter terms and acquire extra ti'aining in addition to 
that otherwise obtainable in the longer terms, the Conservatory has 
joined with the academic departments of the college in offering work 
during the summer term. 

During the summer of 1941 class-room instruction will be offered by 
Professor Carmean in the following courses: 

Sight Reading: A study of intervals, rhythms, and melodies with 
special emphasis on speed and accuracy. Exercise material and songs 
written in all clefs are used. Credit 2 semester hours. 

History of Music and Appreciation: Emphasis is placed on the 
growth of musical movements and forms, and on the lives, works, and 
influence of the great composers. Opportunity is given for hearing rep- 
resentative music of the different periods of music history and of the 
recognized composers. Three semester hours credit. 

Instrumental Music: Class instruction is offered for beginners, on 

String I — (Violin) — 1 hour credit. 

Woodwind I — (Clarinet) — 1 hour credit. 

Brass I — (Trumpet, Cornet, Alto, French Horn, Trombone, Bari- 
tone, or Tuba) — 1 hour credit. 

Each course includes tuning, scale playing, general technique for solo 
and ensemble playing, care and repair of the instrument, and a review 
of written methods and materials. 

Advanced Instruments — -A further study of the instruments of the 
Band and Orchestra. All the instruments of each family are treated as 
in the above beginning courses. Each family is treated as a unit, or 
course. 1 hour credit. 

Professors Bender, Crawford, Malsh, and Campbell will be available 
during the summer term for private instruction in their respective 
fields. Persons interested in private instruction should address them in- 
dividually and complete arrangements in advance of the opening date. 

Professor Carmean will be available for private instruction in viola, 
cello, and string bass. 



Announcement of Extension Courses 


Lebanon Valley College will offer the following extension courses in 
Harrisburg, at the Central School Building, Forster Street, during the 
college year 1941-1942. Courses begin the week of September loth. The 
tuition fee is $8.00 per semester hour credit. All courses are offered by 
regular full time members of the college faculty and are equivalent to 
those offered on the College campus. All classes meet 7:00-9:00 p. m. on 
the evenings indicated. Classes will be organized at the Central School 
Building on the evenings of September 15th and 16th, 7:00-9:00 p. m. 








General Psychology or 
Child Psychology 
(First Semester) 
Course not offei'ed the 
first semester 

(Second Semester) 

Europe from 1815-1914 

(First Semester) 

Europe from 1914 to 


(Second Semester) 

Principles of Economics 

American Government 
(First Semester) 
Governments of Europe 
(Second Semester) 


(First Semester) 
The Family 

(Second Semester) 

English Composition or 
American Literature 

Survey of English 




Dr. Bailey 

F. K. Miller 

Tuesday Margaret Wood 

Wednesday C. R. Gingrich 

Thursday Dr. Struble 

Dr. Wallace 



Announcement of Evening and Saturday 
Classes of 1941-1942 

The following courses will be offered by the College on the campus at 
Annville during the college year 1941-1942. Residence credit is given 
for all courses taken on the campus. 

The time for the weekly meeting of each class will be arranged when 
the classes are organized. Organization of classes will take place at 7:00 
P. M., Friday, September 19th. 

Most of the courses are given on Friday evenings from 6:30-8:15 and 
from 8:15-10:00 p. m. This enables a student to take two courses if 
two courses are desired. Should a class desire, a course may be given 
on some other evening or Saturday morning. 

In the case of the courses in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Bot- 
any, two hours of class work will be given on Friday evenings at the 
College at a time set by the class. The Laboratory and field work requir- 
ed for the courses will be given at the College on Saturdays, from 8:00 
a. m. to 12:00. Other periods for class and laboratory work may be ar- 
ranged to meet the convenience of the class and instructor. 

Department Course Professor 

Bible Introduction to the English Bible Dr. Richie 

Biology General Biology or Methods of Dr. Light 

Teaching Biology 
Chemistry -General Inorganic Chemistry Dr. Bender 

Organic Chemistry 
Economics -Principles of Economics or Dr. Stokes 

Principles of Accounting or 
Money and Banking 

(First Semester) 
Transportation (Second Semester) 
Education -Visual Education Dr. Stine 

(First Semester) 
History of Education or other re- 
quired course in Education 

(Second Semester) 

English History of the English Language Dr. Struble 

French Elementary French or Mary C. Green 

First Year College French 
German - Elementary German or Dr. Lietzau 

First Year College German 

History History of Pennsylvania Dr. Shenk 

Mathematics Differential Equations or Dr. Black 

College Algebra, Analytic Geomet- 
ry or Statistics 

Music History and Appreciation of Music Mary C. Gillespie 

(First Semester) 
Philosophy - Political Theory (First Semester) Dr. Shettel 

Introduction to Philosophy 

(Second Semester) 

Physics First Year College Professor Grimm 

Spanish Elementary Spanish Dr. Stella J. Stevenson 

First Year College 

Zoology Dr. Derickson 


Derby Township High School, Hbbshey, Pa.