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Summer School Bulletin 


12 Weeks 
June 2— August 21, 1942 

6 Weeks 
June 22— July 31, 1942 


Annville, Pennsylvania 


12 Weeks— June 2-August 21, 1942 
6 Weeks— June 22-July 31, 1942 


June 2 Registration 

June 3 Classes Convene, 7:30 A. M. 

June 22 .._ _ — Registration for students entering at this time 

Commencement of Demonstration School 

August 3 Registration of students entering at this time 

August 21 Final Examination 

Classes will meet Saturday, June 6th, and Saturday, June 13th 
Otherwise there will be no Saturday Classes. 


Published Monthly by the College 
Vol. XXXI May, 1942 No. 2 

Entered as second-class matter at Annville, Pa., under Act of 
August 24, 1912 

Annville, Pa. 



Clyde A. Lynch, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D. 


Hiram H. Shenk, A.M., LL.D. 
Professor of History 

Samuel H. Derickson, B.S., M.S., Sc.D. 

Professor of Biological Science 

Samuel Grimm, A.M. 
Registrar and Professor of Physics 

Christian R. Gingrich, A.B., LL.B. 

Professor of Political Science and Sociology 

Mary C. Green 
Professor of French 

Andrew Bender, Ph.D. 

Professor of Chemistry 

Paul A. Wallace, Ph.D. 
Professor of English 

G. A. Richie, A.M., B.D., D.D. 
Professor of Bible and Greek 

Milton L. Stokes, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. 
Director of Summer School and Professor of Economics 

Stella J. Stevenson, Ph.D. 
Professor of French Literature 

V. Earl Light, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Biological Science 

Lena L. Lietzau, Ph.D. 

Professor of German 

George G. Struble, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of English 

L. G. Bailey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Psychology 

Mary E. Gillespie, M.A. 
Director of the Conservatory 

Alvin H. M. Stonecipher, Ph.D. 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A. 
Director of Musical Organizations 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A. 
Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Esther Henderson, B.S., M.A. 

Director of Physical Education for Women 


Amos H. Black, Ph.D. 
Professor of Mathematics 

Paul 0. Shettel, M.A., B.D., S.T.D. 

Professor of Philosophy and Religion 

Edward M. Balsbaugh, B.S., D.Ped. 
Director of Demonstration School 

Clyde S. Stine, Ph.D. 
Professor of Education 

Frederic K. Miller, M.A. 
Professor of History 

Jermain D. Porter, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of Chemistry and Physics 



E. M. Balsbaugh 

B.Pd. Shippensburg Normal School 

B.S. and D.Ped. Lebanon Valley College 

Supervisor of Practice Teaching 

Walter B. Henninger 

A.B. Albright College — Ed.M. Harvard University 

Principal Hershey High School 

R. K. Eby 

A.B. Elizabethtown College — A.M. Columbia University 

Natural Sciences 

Annie R. Royer 

B.S. Elizabethtown College — A.M. New York University 

Commercial Branches 

Mary F. Hershey 

A.B. Indiana State University 

Social Sciences 

C. R. Atherton 

A.M. and D.Ped. Columbia University 


Henry J. Hollinger 

A.B. Juniata College — A.M. Columbia University 


Janet M. Ausmus 

B.Pd. Shippensburg State Teachers College 

A.B. Elizabethtown College — A.B. Penn State College 

Foreign Languages 




The Twenty-Second Summer Session of Lebanon Valley College will 
be conducted on the college campus in Annville from June 2nd to Aueust 
21st. A demonstration school in the field of Secondary Education will be 
conducted in Hershey where the Board of Education has generously 
tendered the College the use of its modern school plant for this purpose. 
The demonstration school will commence June 22nd and close July 31st. 

Previous summer sessions of the college have been limited to a per- 
iod of six weeks. This summer, like many colleges and universities 
throughout the country, Lebanon Valley College is offering a twelve 
weeks' program to meet the needs of students in the regular college ses- 
sions and others for an accelerated program of study in order that they 
may meet the requirements for a college degree before possible induc- 
tion in the armed services of the nation; and in order to speed up the 
educational program of those students preparing to enter medical 
schools, engineering schools and other graduate schools. 

The twelve weeks' summer course will begin June 2nd and close 
August 21st. Students wishing a six weeks' course may enter June 2nd 
or June 22nd. Students may enter summer school June 2nd, June 22nd 
or August 3rd. 


Registration by mail in advance of the opening date of the session 
is urged. Applications for admission and registration will be received by 
the director up to and including Monday, June 1st for the twelve weeks 
course and up to June 22nd for the six weeks' course. 

Due to preliminary arrangements required for the accommodation of 
persons desiring work in practice teaching - , registration for this work 
must be filed with the director, together with a deposit of twenty dollars 
($20.00), not later than May 1st. Enrollments in practice teaching are 
limited in number and applications will be accepted in the order of their 
filing. Accommodations for applicants in practice teaching after May 
1 may be arranged but cannot be guaranteed. 

Although seldom exercised, the College reserves the right to add 
or withdraw any course or courses. 


Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, 
grades, and number of semester hours credit. Courses taken during the 
Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees. One hundred 
twenty-six semester hours of academic credits are required for the bach- 
elor degrees. For complete information concerning the requirements for 
degrees the candidate should refer to the college catalogue or address the 


A registration fee of $1.00 is charged each student. 

The tuition fee is $8.00 per semester hour credit, $48.00 for six credit 
hours, $96.00 for twelve credit hours. 

A laboratory fee is charged for Science and Demonstration school 

The charge for room and board is $9.00 per week. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration as a condition of 
admission to classes. 




Students wishing 1 room and board should notify the Director of the 
Summer School, so that suitable arrangements can be made in advance 
of registration. 


Lebanon Valley College offers two courses of study leading to the 
Baccalaureate degree: 

(1) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A. B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B. S.) 
The total number of credits required of candidates for these degrees, 

is in each case, 126 semester hours of academic credits and 4 in physical 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of 130 quality 
points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 points for each credit 
hour; for a grade of B, 2 points for each credit hour; for a grade of C, 1 
point for each credit hour. No quality credit will be given for a grade 
of D. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present at 
least 24 semesterhours in one department (to be known as his Major), 
and at least 18 semester hours in another department (to be known as 
his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected not later than the 
beginning of the Junior year, the Minor to be suitably related to the 
Major, and chosen with the advice and approval of the Head of the 
Major department. Majors in education must have two Minors. 

The A. B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements 
for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion. English, 
French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). Po- 
litical Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psychology. The B. S. 
degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major 
in the following departments: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics (Science 
option), Physics, Business Administration and Economics, Education, and 
Music Education. 


Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education 
are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly accord- 
ing to the degree sought, are as follows: 

Bible 14 and 82 6 hours 

English 16 and 26 12 hours 

Foreign Language 1 

History 2 6 hours 

Hygiene and Orientation .__. 2 hours 

Mathematics 3 

Philosophy 32 .__. .... 2 hours 

Physical Education ___ ____ 4 hours 

Psychology 14 4 hours 

Science 4 

Social Studies . ._ 6 hours 

1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreign Language are required. 

For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above the beginners' course. Courses 
may be selected from French, German, Greek, Latin, or Spanish. 

2 This may be made up from the following courses: History 13. 123, 213, 23-A, 
23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 

3 Math. 13, 23, and 48 are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical 
students may substitute an elective for Math. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- 
ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 



Economics 16 or 
Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or 
Political Science 16 or 
Sociology 13 and 23 

Through Summer Sessions, extension and evening classes, Lebanon 
Valley College is enabling many teachers and others to attend College 
courses and secure academic degrees who, for one reason or another, 
could not otherwise do so. By a careful selection of courses and consul- 
tation with the heads of departments in the college a student can meet 
the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate degree while contin- 
uing in his or her occupation. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above some of the de- 
partments require students majoring therein to take certain additional 
courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should communicate at once 
with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institutions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for 


The Pennsylvania State Council of Education has approved the fol- 
lowing regulations for the College Provisional Certificate. 

This certificate entitles the holder to teach for three years in any 
public high school of the Commonwealth the subjects indicated on its face, 
and to teach in the elementary field where the applicant is a holder of 
a certificate for teaching in this field or has completed an approved cur- 
riculum in preparation for teaching in such field. 

The applicant for this certificate must be a graduate of an approved 
college or university and must have successfully completed at least 
eighteen semester hours of work of college grade in education distributed 
as follows: 

Introduction to Teaching _ _ 3 semester hours 

Educational Psychology (General Psychology is a 

prerequisite ) 3 semester hours 

Practice Teaching in the Appropriate Field— 6 semester hours 
Electives in Education selected from the following 

list — — - - 6 semester hours 

Secondary Education Educational Systems 

Elementary Education History of Education 

School Efficiency Principles of Education 

Special Methods Educational Psychology 

School Hygiene Technique of Teaching 

Educational Administration Adolescent Psychology 

Educational Measurements Philosophy of Education 

Educational Sociology 

4 Biology 18, Chemistry 18 and Physics 18 are required of candidates for the B.S. 
degree with a major in Science. Others may elect one of the three. 

Lebanon valley college 

The practice teaching requirement may be met by taking Education 
136-A and Education 136-B. 

Three years of successful teaching experience in the field in which 
certification is sought, together with a teaching rating of "middle" or 
better, may be accepted as the equivalent of the practice teaching re- 
quirement. „ > ,Ldsl.*f 

The holder of the State Provisional College Certificate is certified to 
teach subjects in which not fewer than eighteen semester hours have 
been completed. 

In order that qualified graduates of Lebanon Valley College may 
readily complete the requirements involved in converting the provisional 
college certificate to teach in the secondary schools of Pennsylvania in- 
to a permanent college certificate, the College has so arranged sequences 
of courses that the student can continue graduate courses in the Schools 
of Education of the University of Pennsylvania and Temple University 
without loss of time or credits in securing the master's degree. Similar 
arrangements are being made with other institutions. Lebanon Valley 
College will continue to offer work leading to the granting of the pro- 
visional certificate. The above plan has the distinct advantage of per- 
mitting the student to remain in this college until graduation and of 
continuing his graduate work without hindrance elsewhere. 


On October 10, 1934, the State Council of Education approved the 
following regulation with regard to the preparation of teachers: "All ap- 
plicants for permanent teaching certificates on and after September 1, 
1935, shall be required to present evidence of having completed an ap- 
proved course in visual and sensory techniques." 

Lebanon Valley College includes among its offerings for the 1942 
summer session a course in Visual Education. This course has been ap- 
proved by the State Department of Education, and is open to under- 
graduates as well as post-graduate students. 


As a pre-requisite to the granting of all degrees the candidate must 
have completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regularly con- 
ducted classes on the college campus. Teachers in service may meet this 
requirement by attending the Summer School and Friday and Saturday 
classes held during the year at the college. Credits earned in extension 
classes and at the Hershey Demonstration School are not residence cred- 


Lebanon Valley College Summer Session offers recreation in the fol- 
lowing: Archery, Badminton, Hand Ball, Organized Hikes, Tennis and 
Volley Ball. Swimming facilities are available within a short distance 
of the college, and at Hershey and Mt. Gretna. For those interested in 
Golf, Hershey has the finest public golf course and club house in the East. 

Various social affairs, such as picnics, teas, and trips to historical 
places, museums and industrial plants will be arranged under the aus- 
pices of the summer school. 




Annville, the home of Lebanon Valley College, is ideally situated on 
the Benjamin Franklin Highway, twenty miles east of Harrisburg. Mt. 
Gretna, nationally famous summer resort, lies but seven miles south. Her- 
shey, Pennsylvania's recreational center, is located seven miles west and 
is easily reached by bus, train or auto. Indiantown Gap is situated only 
about ten miles northwest of Annville. 




S14. Introduction to English Bible. An appreciative and historical 
survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. This is a re- 
quired course for all students proceeding to a degree. Two or four 
semester hours credit. 


S18. General Biology. A course in the general principles of Bio- 
logy including the consideration of both plants and animals, their rela- 
tion to their environment and to each other, the principle of metabolism, 
growth, differentiation, adaptation, reproduction, evolution and human 

The summer period offers a distinct advantage for biological work 
in that much more of the work may be done in the natural habitat of the 
organisms under consideration. 

The work will require about six hours work per day and will be 
divided between the field, the laboratory or the class room as best meets 
the requirements of the material being studied. The laboratory fee is 
$16.00. Eight semester hours credit. 

S446. Methods of Teaching Science. (Education S446.) This 
course is designed to acquaint students of the sciences with methods of 
obtaining, preparing, and preserving all types of scientific materials; the 
making of charts and models; photography; lantern slide making; the 
fundamentals of taxidermy; various types of tests and devices used in 
teaching; sources of equipment; and lists of books and periodicals useful 
to science students and teachers. The laboratory fee is $12.00. Six se- 
mester hours credit. 


S18. General Inorganic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and reci- 
tations and four hours of laboratory work daily. A systematic study of 
the fundamental principles and of the sources, properties and use of the 
important elements and compounds. The lectures are illustrated by 
displays, demonstrations, experiments and moving pictures. In the lab- 
oratory the student acquires first-hand acquaintance with numerous rep- 
resentative substances and methods. The laboratory fee is $16.00. Eight 
semester hours credit. 

S48. Organic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and recitations and 
four hours of laboratory work daily. The course includes a study of the 
sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes 
foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explos- 
ives, coal tar intermediates and manufacturing processes. 

The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the 
preparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. 
Eight semester hours credit. Prerequisite Chemistry 18. Laboratory fee 
is $24.00. 

S98. Analytical Chemistry. A course in Analytical Chemistry will be 
offered if there is a sufficient demand for it. The course offers eight 
semester hours credit. 




S16. Principles of Economics. A course dealing- with the funda- 
mental principles underlying the operation of the economic system. A 
study of production, value, distribution and consumption. Three or six 
semester hours credit. 

S33. Money and Banking. This course deals with: the nature and 
functions of money, monetary standards and systems, monetary develop- 
ment in the United States, the national banking- system, the structure 
and functions of the Federal Reserve System, commercial banking, credit 
and its uses, credit control, monetary policy and the business cycle, cen- 
tral banks, investment banking, savings banks, consumptive credit in- 
stitutions, agricultural credit. Three semester hours credit. 

S43. History of Economic Thought. A course dealing with the 
evolution of economic thought through the principal schools from the 
Physiocrate to the present, giving special attention to the analysis of 
current theories of value, interest, rent and wages. Three semester 
hours credit. 

S83. Consumer Economics. An approach to the study of econ- 
omics from the consumer point of view. It includes: the growing im- 
portance of consumption, consumption in a changing world, the role of 
consumers in economic life, consumers' choice, the determinants of 
choice, standards for consumers, standards of living, aids to consum- 
ers, legislation relating to consumers. The course is open both to those 
who have had courses in economic theory and those who have had no 
previous work in Economics. Three semester hours credit. 

SI 13. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of Economic Geography, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more 
important commodities of the world's trade — their production, export, 
and import in the various countries of the world. Stress will be laid on 
the chief sources of raw materials and their industrial uses and the 
marketing and transportation problems connected therewith. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 

S143. Corporation Finance. Economic services of corporations; 
capitalization; detailed study of stocks and bonds; financing of exten- 
sions and improvements; management of incomes and reserves; dividend 
policy; insolvency; receiverships; reorganizations. Three semester hours 

S163. Labor Problems. The nature of the labor problem; the rise 
of industry and labor; the new technology and the wage earner; unem- 
ployment; the problem of child and woman labor; hours of labor; indus- 
trial accidents: unemployment insurance; old age pensions; the labor 
movement; economic program of organized labor; industrial conflict: 
agencies of industrial peace: modern industrial policies; international 
control of labor relations. Three semester hours credit. 


S22. History of Education in the United States. A study of educa- 
tion in the colonial times, early attempts at organization of systems of 
education, the history of the elementary school; the Latin _ grammar 
school; the Academy; the history and growth of the American High 
School; and the present school system. Two semester hours credit. 

S33. Principles of Secondary Education. A course dealing with 
the high school pupils, their physical and mental traits, individual dif- 



ferences, and the make-up of the high school population; the secondary 
school as an institution, its history, its relation to elementary education 
and to higher education; social principles determining secondary educa- 
tion; the curriculum; the place, function, and value of the several sub- 
jects of the curriculum; organization and management of the high school. 
Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Philosophy of Education. This course aims to supply a basis 
for constructive thinking in the field of education. Various theories in 
education will be considered. Two semester hours credit. 

S82. Educational Measurements. A critical analysis of the prob- 
lems in measuring the results of teaching. A study of the uses and ad- 
ministration of representative tests and scales for junior and senior high 
school subjects. Pre-requisite, Psychology 14. Laboratory fee of one dol- 
lar. Two semester hours credit. 

S123. Introduction to Teaching. An introductory course intended 
to acquaint the prospective teacher with the general principles and prob- 
lems involved in the profession. Three semester hours credit. 

S182. School Hygiene. This course will deal with the place and 
scope of hygiene as it applies to education. Special problems relating to 
the development of the child, health, defects, sanitation, hygiene of in- 
struction, etc., will receive attention. Two semester hours credit. 

S202 or 203. Visual Education. The psychology of visual and sen- 
sory aids to learning and their administration will be studied. Special at- 
tention will be given to the sources and types of visual aids which are 
within the means of the ordinary school system and classroom teacher. 
Lectures, readings, reports, demonstrations and individual projects. The 
State course will be followed. Laboratory fee $2.00. Two or three se- 
mester hours credit. 


S16. English Composition. Required of all students proceeding 
to a College degree. Six semester hours credit. 

S13. English Essay. Brief survey of the English essay; examina- 
tion of representative essays; practice in the writing of the essay. This 
is primarily a composition course and will be accepted as meeting the 
composition requirements of one semester of freshman English. Three 
semester hours credit. 

S26. A Survey of English Literature. This course is required of 
all students proceeding to a degree. It is offered in two parts. Students 
may take either or both, depending on their requirements. Three or six 
semester hours credit. 

S63-A- The Development of the Drama to Shakespeare. A survey 
of the drama from ancient Greece to Elizabethan England; a rapid read- 
ing of plays by Lyly, Marlowe. Greene, Kyd, Dekker, Jonson; a study 
of Shakespeare's historical plays, with special attention to Richard II 
and Henry IV. Three semester hours credit. 

S63-B. Shakespeare. A study of the comedies and tragedies. Three 
semester hours credit. 

S132. Contemporary Drama. A survey of American and European 
drama since 1890. Two or three semester hours credit. 

S512. Poetry of the Romantic Revolt. A study of early Nineteenth 
Century poetry, with special attention to five poets: Wordsworth, Coler- 
idge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. Two or three semester hours credit. 

S522. American Literature. From the Beginning to the Present 
Day. Three or six semester hours credit. 




S06. Elemen+ary French. This course is intended for those who 
begin French in Co: ! ege. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to .arry on a conversation in easy French, and to read 
French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be 
granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot be 
counted toward a major. 

S16. First Year College French. This course presupposes two years 
of high school French. It includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. Six semester hours credit. 

S26. French Literature. A survey of French literary history from 
the Renaissance to the end of the period of absolute classicism. Compo- 
sition and conversation. Six semester hours credit. 


S06. Elementary German. This course is intended to give students 
a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them 
to understand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomat- 
ically. College credit will be given for the course but it cannot be count- 
ed toward a major. Six semester hours credit. 

S16. "Kulturkunde." The making of modern Germany, its geog- 
raphy, its institutions, its social and artistic life, illustrated by maps, 
pictures, and readings from contemporary literature. This course is not 
only a preparation for the study of German literature but is intended 
also for those who wish to use German as a tool for advanced work in 
science and other fields. Six semester hours credit. 

S86. Composition and Conversation. Practice in speaking and 
writing German based on German life and customs. Prerequisite: two 
or more years of German. Six semester hours credit. 


S23-A. Europe From 1815 to 1914. A survey of Nineteenth Cen- 
tury Europe. This course will be followed by History S23-B. Three 
semester hours credit. 

S23-B. Europe From 1914 to the Present. A study of the World 
War and post-war problems. Emphasis will be placed upon current his- 
tory. Three semester hours credit. 

S34-B. Some Problems in European History. This course is de- 
signed as an introduction to the methods of historical research. Europe 
in the 19th Century will be studied. Three semester hours credit. 

S43-B. History of the United States Since the Civil War. A study 
of the economic, political, and diplomatic history of the United States 
from 1865 to the present time. Three semester hours credit. 

S43. History of Pennsylvania. Three semester hours credit. 

S46. Political and Social History of the United States. A general 
survey of American history with particular attention to Social and Cul- 
tural trends. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S213. The Renaissance and Reformation. A study of the polit- 
ical, economic, cultural, and religious changes that occurred from the 



Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries. This course will be followed by 
History 223. Three semester hours credit. 

S223. The French Revolution and Napoleon. A survey of the con- 
ditions in 17th and 18th Century Europe which led to the outbreak of 
Revolution: the events of the Revolution itself; and the effect of the 
Revolution upon the rest of Europe. Napoleon and the results of his 
work. Three semester hours credit. 

S63. Economic History of the United States. A study of the back- 
ground of American History including 1 the. growth of American Agri- 
cultural and Industrial Interests, from Colonial beginnings to this pres- 
ent day development. Three semester hours credit. 

S163. Economic History of Europe. The course deals with the 
economic achievements in Europe from preliterary times to the present; 
economic life in the Mediterranean Basin in Classical times; the founda- 
tions of economic life in the Middle Ages; the Manorial system and 
agrarian society; the towns, trade, and industry in the Middle Ages; 
the expansion of Europe and the age of discovery; the Industrial Rev- 
olution and the beginnings of modern industry and agriculture; Capital- 
ism and commercial policies in the early modern period; revolution in 
power, transportation and communication; economic imperialism and the 
World War; the post-war world. Three semester hours credit. 


S13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, 
logarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial 
fractions, etc. Three semester hours credit. 

S23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of trigonometric functions, 
right and oblique triangles, computation of distances and heights, devel- 
opment of trigonometric formulae. Three semester hours credit. 

S36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola, and hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, 
and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is 
covered as time will permit. Six semester hours credit. 

S46. Differential and Integral Calculus. Differentiation of alge- 
braic and transcendental functions, maxima and minima, development in- 
to series, etc. Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of sur- 
faces, cubature of solids, etc. Six or eight semester hours credit. 

S103. Introduction to Statistics. This course will deal with the col- 
lection, presentation and analysis of numerical data. In particular, it will 
deal with frequency distribution analysis, the theory of probability and 
method of least squares, and simple and multiple correlation. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 

S123. Mathematics of Finance. The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A detail- 
ed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is un- 
dertaken. Applications of these principles is then made to practical prob- 
lems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of bonds, and 
building and loan associations. Three semester hours credit. 


S02. Introduction to Philosophy. This course is intended to intro- 
duce beginners to the basic problems and theories of philosophy and 
quicken them to some appreciation of the role played by philosophy in 



the whole movement of civilization, while at the same time giving them 
at least an inkling of the work of the greatest thinkers and arousing 
in them a desire to go to the sources. Two semester hours credit. 

S12. Inductive and Deductive Logic. This course is intended to 
furnish the student with a knowledge of the laws of correct thinking, 
the purpose and place of the syllogism in the processes of thinking, and 
the detection of fallacies in thinking. Two semester hours credit. 

23-A. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. In this course the aim 
will be (1) to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what 
of permanent value each system as it arose contributed toward a final 
solution of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction between 
philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during which 
it flourished. Three semester hours credit. 

23-B. Modern Philosophy. Continuation of 23-A. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

S32. Ethics. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. This is a required course for all stud- 
ents proceeding to a degree. Two semester hours credit. 

Personal and Community Hygiene. A study of personal habits for 
every day living and of community problems as they relate to the indi- 
vidual. Special emphasis is given to training for leadership in com- 
munity health problems and improvement. The course consists of lec- 
tures, discussions, practical survey of personal and community situa- 
tions, field trips and discussions relative to the maintenance of personal 
and public health. A practical unit in first aid will be included if 
there is a need for it. Three semester hours credit. 


SI 8. General Physics. The course will be a thorough investigation 
of the fundamental principles of Physical Science. Lectures and labora- 
tory work. Eight semester hours credit. 


S16. American Government and Politics. A course designed to 
give the students a working knowledge of the fundamental laws of Fed- 
eral and State Government. Much time is given to the study of leading 
cases. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S26. Business Law. A course dealing with the elementary prin- 
ciples of law generally related to the field of business, including Con- 
tracts, Agency, Sales, Bailments, Insurance and Negotiable instruments. 
Three or six semester hours credit. 

S52. World Politics. A study of the history and development of 
world politics with special emphasis placed upon the foreign relations of 
the United States. Two semester hours credit. 

S82. Political Parties in the United States. A study of the his- 
tory of political parties in the United States, their platforms and in- 
fluence. Modern political trends are analyzed. Two semester hours 

S43. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and 
theories of Government, Ancient and Modern, with special reference to 
political philosophy since the 16th Century. Three semester hours 




S14. General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the student 
with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psychologi- 
cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, ac- 
quired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Lec- 
tures, discussions and laboratory work. Four semester hours credit. 

S23. Educational Psychology. Designed to meet the needs of stud- 
ents of education who are seeking from psychology the facts and prin- 
ciples that have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is plac- 
ed on the learning process. Prerequisite: Psychology 14. Three semester 
hours credit. 

S42. Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the physical and men- 
tal changes which characterize adolescence. The questions of rate and 
variation in learning, motive, personality, disturbances and control of 
behavior will be handled. This course has been approved by the State 
Department of Education for professional credit. Three semester hours 

S63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective personality 
adjustments, including causes and treatment of the more common soc- 
ial and emotional maladjustments among college students. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 14. Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Psychology of Childhood. The psychological development of 
the child from the beginning of life to adolescence. Emphasis upon learn- 
ing, language, comprehension, and emotion as these develop genetically 
in the individual. Prerequisite: Psychology 14. Two semester hours 


S13. Principles of Sociology. The course is intended to acquaint 
the student with the various theories of society together with the place 
of sociology in the general field of learning. Three semester hours 

S23. Modern Social Problems. This is a study in pathology. The 
organization and functions of public and private welfare and social se- 
curity agencies, preventive and remedial. Three semester hours credit. 


S06. Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who 
begin Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple 
Spanish sentences, to carrv on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to 
read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours 
will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. 

S16. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. For entrance to Snanish 16. the preparatory course 
06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. 
Throughout the year. Six semester hours credit. 

S26. Spanish Literature of the 19th Century. Novels and plays 
will be studied and discussed. Composition and conversation. Six se- 
mester hours credit. 



The Demonstration School 

Lebanon Valley College is pleased to announce the continuation of 
the training 1 school in grades 7 to 12, conducted as part of the 1942 sum- 
mer session. Through the generous co-operation of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Hershey, Pennsylvania, these training courses will be conducted 
in the splendid public-school buildings of that town. Because of the high 
standard of the Hershey schools and their equipment, and by reason of 
the advantages offered by the community for project work beyond the 
school room, an opportunity for training of the highest order is afforded 
students preparing to enter the teaching profession. Hershey children will 
be in attendance. The college has engaged the services of master teach- 
ers of the highest qualifications and proved experience. Practice teach- 
ers and observers will be under their guidance and the supervision of Dr. 
E. M. Balsbaugh of the Department of Education, Lebanon Valley Col- 

The purposes of the school are three-fold: First, to provide a su- 
perior type of secondary school during the summer session for observa- 
tion and student-teaching; second, to demonstrate modern methods of 
teaching; third, to provide sufficient observation, participation, and stud- 
ent-teaching to meet the certification requirements of Pennsylvania for 
teachers on the Junior-Senior High School level. 

Students may be in residence in Annville while attending the dem- 
onstration school at Hershey. The distance between Hershey and Ann- 
ville is seven miles. The dormitories and dining room of the college 
will be open to all students who register for work at Hershey. 

Because the number of students that can be acccommodated is lim- 
ited, registrations for demonstration school work must be filed with the 
registrar of Lebanon Valley College at an early date. All applications 
for student-teaching should be sent to Professor E. M. Balsbaugh, Ann- 
ville, Pa., who will make reservations for classes according to the ap- 
plicant's major and minor teaching subjects. 

Fees for demonstration school work are $8.00 per semester hour. An 
additional laboratory fee of $17.00, payable at the time of registration, 
is required of persons taking student-teaching:. An advance payment of 
$20.00 is required by May 1st, 1942, so as to warrant the reservation of 
classes for the several students. This will not be returned if the appli- 
cant fails to register. 


S136. Observation and Student-Teaching. This course is given in 
the Public Junior-Senior High School at Hershey, Pennsylvania, and con- 
sists of observation, participation, and actual teaching in the Demonstra- 
tion School. Individual and group conferences are held with the Director 
of Student-Teaching and the critic teachers. Prerequisites: Introduction 
to the Study of Education and Educational psychology. Six semester 
hours credit. 




Mary E. Gillespie, M.A . Director 

Ruth Engle Bender, A.B Piano 

R. Porter Campbell, Mus.B Pianoforte, Organ 

Harold Malsh Violin 

Alexander Crawford Voice 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Ella R. Mover, B.S., M.A Theory 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Merl Freeland, A.B Piano 

Myron Taylor _, .Voice 

Virginia Darnell, M.A Music Education 

Joseph B attista Piano 

The aim of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory is to teach music 
historically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; to offer 
courses that will give a thorough and practical understanding of theory 
and composition; and to train artists and teachers. 

The Conservatory of the college is one of a limited number of insti- 
tutions offering courses in Public-School Music for teachers and super- 
visors approved for certification by the Pennsylvania State Council of 

In response to a demand for summer courses that will enable students 
in music to earn credits to meet deficiencies, shorten attendance requir- 
ed in the regular winter terms and acquire extra training in addition to 
that otherwise obtainable in the longer terms, the Conservatory has 
joined with the academic departments of the college in offering work 
during the summer term. 

During the summer of 1942 class-room instruction will be offered by 
Miss Gillespie, Professor Rutledge and Professor Carmean in the follow- 
ing courses: 

S563. History of Music and Appreciation: Emphasis is placed on the 
growth of musical movements and forms, and on the lives, works, and 
influence of the great composers. Opportunity is given for hearing rep- 
resentative music of the different periods of music history and of the 
recognized composers. Three semester hours credit. 

Harmony S342 (Keyboard). Harmonization at the keyboard of fa- 
miliar folk songs and of melodies, familiar and unfamiliar, of the rote 
song type, utilizing the various harmonies at the disposal of the class; 
and in the reading at sieht of music of moderate difficulty, with em- 
phasis upon the playing of accompaniments and upon transposition. Two 
semester hours credit. 

Harmony S363 (Composition and Orchestration). Original composi- 
tion is continued in various vocal and instrumental forms. This course 
offers opportunity and guidance in arranging music for various com- 
binations of instruments and voice, including band, orchestra, and chorus. 
The best productions of the class will be given public performance. 
Three semester hours credit. 

Materials and Method's of Public School Music. Three semester 
hours credit. 

Sight Singing. Two semester hours credit. 



S103. Physical Science. Cultivation of the scientific approach to 
sound and tone, with emphasis on their application to music and musical 
instruments. Three semester hours credit. 

Instrumental Music: Class instruction is offered for beginners, on 

String I — (Violin) — 1 hour credit. 

Woodwind I — (Clarinet) — 1 hour credit. 

Brass I — (Trumpet, Cornet, Alto, French Horn, Trombone, Bari- 
tone, or Tuba) — 1 hour credit. 

Each course includes tuning, scale playing, general technique for solo 
and ensemble playing, care and repair of the instrument, and a review 
of written methods and materials. 

Percussion (Drums) — 1 hour credit. 

Percussion (Advanced) — 1 hour credit. 

Student Teaching. Students requiring practice teaching; in Instru- 
mental Music may make arrangements to do their practice teaching in 
the Demonstration School at Hershey. 

Professors Bender, Crawford, Malsh, and Campbell will be available 
during the summer term for private instruction in their respective 
fields. Persons interested in private instruction should address them in- 
dividually and complete arrangements in advance of the opening date. 

Professor Rutledge will be available for private instruction in wood- 
winds and brass and Professor Carmean will be available for private 
instruction in viola, cello and string bass. 


For many years Lebanon Valley College, through extension and 
evening courses, has enabled teachers, state employees, and others in 
active employment to attend college courses and secure academic de- 
grees. Through these courses teachers may meet the certification re- 
quirements of the State Department in the secondary field. 

Extension courses are offered in the Central School Building, Forster 
Street, Harrisburg, on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday eve- 
nings from 7:00 to 9:00 p. m. 

Evening classes are held at the College in Annville, usually on Fri- 
day evenings from 6:30 to 8:15 p. m., and from 8:15 to 10:00 p. m. 
Classes may be held on other evenings, if desired, and on Saturday 

Extension and evening classes begin during the week of September 
21st, 1942. 

Extension and evening class bulletins containing a list and descrip- 
tion of the courses to be offered will be available August 1st. 

Students interested in extension and evening class work should write 
to Director of Extension and Evening Classes for a bulletin and infor- 
mation. The Director will appreciate suggestions as to what courses 
may be desired. 

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