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jLebanon Valley 

Summer School Bulletin 

Summer Session 

Twelve Weeks 

June 7th--August 27th 

Annville, Pennsylvania 



June 7 - - Registration 

June 8 —Classes convene 

June 21 — - Commencement of Demonstration School at Hershey 

July 16 -. End of first six weeks. Examinations 

July 19 Ree"istration of students enterine for last six weeks 

July 30 - Closing of Demonstration School at Hershey 

Ausrust 26 -— Final Examinations 

Auffust 27 - Commencement Exercises 

Classes will meet Saturday. June 11th. Otherwise there 
will be no Saturday classes. 


Published Monthly by the CoUeee 
Vol. XXXII May. 1943 No. 2 

Entered as second-class matter at Annville. Pa., under Act of 
Auerust 24. 1912 

Annville, Pa. 



Clyde A. Lynch, A.M., B.D., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D. 


Hiram H. Shenk, A.M.. LL.D. 

Professor of History and Social Science 

Samuel H. Derickson, B.S., M.S., Sc.D. 
Professor of Biological Science 

Samuel Grimm, A.M., Sc.D. 
Registrar and Professor of Physics 

Mary C. Green 
Professor of French 

Andrew Bender, Ph.D. 

Professor of Chemistry 

Paul A. Wallace, Ph.D. 
Professor of English 

G. A. Richie, A.M., B.D., D.D. 

Professor of Bible and Greek 

Milton L. Stokes, M.A., LL.B., Ph.D. 

Director of Summer School and Professor of Economics 

a Stella J. Stevenson, Ph.D. 

Professor of French Literature 

V. Earl Light, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of Biological Science 

Lena L. Lietzau, Ph.D. 
Professor of German 

George G. Struble, Ph.D. 
Associate Professor of English 

L. G. Bailey, Ph.D. 
Professor of Psychology 

Mary E. Gjllespie, M.A. 
Director of the Conservatory 

Alvin H. M. Stonecipher, Ph.D. 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A. 
Director of Musical Organizations 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A. 
Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Esther Henderson, B.S., M.A. 
Director of Physical Education for Womey 


Amos H. Black, Ph.D. 

Professor of Mathematics 

Paul O. Shettel, M.A., B.D., S.T.D. 

Professor of Philosopliy and Reliqion 

Edward M. Balsbaugh, B.S., D.Ped. 
Director of Demonstration School 

Clyde S. Stine, Ph.D. 
Professo'T- of Education 

Frederic K. Miller, M.A. 
Professor of History 

Jermain D. Porter, Ph.D. 

Associate Professor of Chemistry and Physics 



E. M. Balsbaugh 

B.Pd. Sliippensburg Normal School 

B.S. and D.Ped. Lebanon Valley College 

Supervisor of Practice Teaching 

Walter B. Henninger 

A.B. Albright College — Ed.M. Harvard University 

Principal Hershey High School 

R. K. Eby 

A.B. Elizabethtown College — A.M. Columbia University 

Natural Sciences 

-. . Annie R. Royer 

B.S. Elizabethtown College — A.M. New York University 
Commercial Branches 

Mary F. Hershey 

A.B. Indiana State Uyiiversity 

Social Sciences 

C. R. Atherton 

A.M. and D.Ped. Columbia University 


Henry J. Hollinger 

A.B. Juniata College — A.M. Columbia University 


Janet M. Ausmus 

B.Pd. Sliippensburg State Teachers College 

A.B. Elizabethtown College — A.B. Penn State College 

Foreign Languages 



The Twenty-third Summer Session of Lebanon Vallev Collee'e will 
be conducted on the collesre campus in Annville from June 7th to Ausrust 
27th. A demonstration school in the field of Secondary Education will be 
conducted in Hershey where the Board of Education has generously 
tendered the College the use of its modern school plant for this purpose. 
The demonstration school will commence June 21st and close July 30th. 

This summer, like many colleges and uniyersities through- 
out the country, Lebanon Vallev College is offering a twelve 
weeks' program to meet the needs of students in the regular college ses- 
sions and others for an accelerated program of study in order that they 
may meet the requirements for a college degree before possible induc- 
tion in the armed services of the nation; and in order to speed up the 
educational program of those students preparing to teach or preparing 
to enter medical schools, engineering schools and other graduate 

The twelve weeks' summer course will begin June 7th and close 
August 27th. Students wishing a six weeks' coui'se may enter June 7th 
or July 19th. 


Registration by mail in advance of the opening date of the session 
is urged. 

Due to preliminary arrangements required for the accommodation of 
persons desiring work in practice teaching, registration for this work 
must be filed with the director, together with a deposit of twenty dollars 
($20.00), not later than May 1st. Enrollments in practice teaching are 
limited in number and applications will be accepted in the order of their 
filing. Accommodations for applicants in practice teaching after May 
1 may be arranged but cannot be guaranteed. 

Although seldom exercised, the College reserves the right to add 
or withdraw any course or courses. 


Credits will be issued to all students showing the courses attended, 
grades, and number of semester hours credit. Courses taken during the 
Summer Session are credited towards the college degrees. One hundred 
and twenty-six semester hours of academic credits are required for the 
bachelor degrees. For complete information conceraing the require- 
ments for degrees the candidate should refer to the college catalogue or 
address the Registrar. 


A registration fee of $1.00 is charged each student. 

The tuition fee is $8.50 per semester hour credit. $51.00 for six credit 
hours. $102.00 for twelve credit hours, 

A laboratory fee is charged for Science and Demonstration school 

The charge for room and board is $9.00 per week. 

The fees are payable at the time of registration as a condition of 
admission to classes. 


Students wishing room and board should notify the Director of the 
Summer School, so that suitable arrangements can be made in advance 
of registration. 



Lebanon Valley College offers two courses of study leading: to the 
Baccalaureate degree: 

(1) A course leading- to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (A. B.) 

(2) A course leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science (B. S.) 

The total number of credits required of candidates for these degrees, 
is in each case, 126 semester hours of academic credits and 4 in physical 

Candidates for degrees must also obtain a minimum of 130 quality 
points, computed as follows: for a grade of A, 3 points for each credit 
hour; for a grade of B, 2 points for each credit hour; for a grade of C, 1 
point for each credit hour. No quality credit will be given for a grade 
of D. 

As part of this total requirement, every candidate must present at 
least 24 semester hours in one department (to be known as his Major), 
and at least 18 semester hours in another department (to be known as 
his Minor). Both Major and Minor must be selected not later than the 
beginning of the Junior year, the Minor to be suitably related to the 
Major, and chosen with the advice and approval of the Head of the 
Major department. Majors in education must have two Minors. 

The A. B. degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements 
for a Major in the following departments: Bible and Religion, English, 
French, German, Greek, History, Latin, Mathematics (Arts option). Po- 
litical Science and Sociology, Philosophy, and Psychology. The B. S. 
degree will be awarded to those fulfilling the requirements for a Major 
in the following departments: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics (Science 
option), Physics, Business Administration and Economics, Education, and 
Music Education. 


Certain courses embodying the fundamentals of a liberal education 
are required of all students. These courses, which vary slightly accord- 
ing to the degree sought, are as follows: 

Bible 14 and 82 6 hours 

English 16 and 26 12 hours 

Foreign Language^ 

History^ 6 hours 

Hygiene and Orientation 2 hours 


Philosophy 32 — — 2 hours 

Physical Education -.. .___ ___. 4 hours 

Psychology 14 4 hours 


Social Studies — — 6 hours 

1 For the A.B. degree 12 hours of Foreig-n Language are required. 

For the B.S. degree 6 hours are required above tlie beginners' course. Courses 
may be selected from French, German, Greeli. Latin, or Spanish. 

2 This may be made up from the following courses: History 13, 123, 213, 23-A, 
23-B, 46, 412, 422, 43-B. 

3 Math. 13, 23, and 48 are required for the degree of B.S. in Science. Pre-Medical 
students may substitute an elective for Matli. 48. Students majoring in Business Ad- 
ministration and Economics are required to take Math. 13 and 23 or 113 and 123. 


Economics 16 or 
Philosophy 23-A and 23-B or 
Political Science 16 or 
Sociology 13 and 23 

Through Summer Sessions, extension and evening classes. Lebanon 
Valley College is enabling many teachers and others to attend College 
courses and secure academic degrees who, for one reason or another, 
could not otherwise do so. By a careful selection of courses and consul- 
tation with the heads of departments in the college a student can meet 
the requirements of the college for a baccalaureate degree while contin- 
uing in his or her occupation. 


In addition to the General Requirements listed above some of the de- 
partments require students majoring therein to take certain additional 
courses in subjects closely related to the Major. 

Students outlining a course for a degree should commu licate at once 
with the Head of the Department in which they intend to Major. 

Candidates for the Baccalaureate degree who desire to be admitted 
to advanced standing by virtue of work done in other institu ions, should 
lose no time in having their credits evaluated by the Registrar, in order 
that they may be informed as to what requirements they must meet for 


As a pre-requisite to the granting of all degrees the Candida' e must 
have completed a minimum of 30 semester hours work in regularly con- 
ducted classes on the college campus. Teachers in service may meet this 
requirement by attending the Summer School and Friday and Saturday 
classes held during the year at the college. Credits earned in ex'ension 
classes and at the Hershey Demonstration School are not residence cred- 


Lebanon Valley College Summer Session offers recreation in the fol- 
lowing: Archery, Badminton, Hand Ball, Organized Hikes, Tennis and 
Volley Ball. Swimming facilities are available within a short distance 
of the college, and at Hershey and Mt. Gretna. For those interested in 
Golf, Hershey has the finest public golf course and club house in the East. 

Various social affairs, such as picnics, teas, and trips to historical 
places, museums and industrial plants will be arranged under the aus- 
pices of the summer school. 


Annville, the home of Lebanon Valley College, is ideally situated on 
the Benjamin Franklin Highway, twenty miles east of Harrisburg. Mt. 
Gretna, nationally famous summer resort, lies but seven miles south. Her- 
shey, Pennsylvania's recreational center, is located seven miles west and 
is easily reached by bus, train or auto. Indiantown Gap is situated only 
about ten miles northwest of Annville. 




S14. Introduction to English Bible. An appreciative and historical 
survey of the literature of the Old and New Testaments. This is a re- 
quired course for all students proceeding to a degree. Two or for.r 
semester hours credit. 

S42. The Christian Church. A studv of the erowth of Christianity 
bevond the primitive church, with special emphasis on the orisrin and 
erowth of denominations. Two semester hours credit. 

S62. Principles of Religious Education. A fundamental course in- 
vestigating some of the theories, principles, and problems of Relieious 
Educati n. Two semester hours credit. 


S18. General Biology. A course in the general principles of Bio- 
logy including the consideration of both plants and animals, their rela- 
tion to their environment and to each other, the principle of metabolism, 
growth, differentiation, adaptation, reproduction, evolution and human 

The summer period offers a distinct advantage for biological work 
in that much moi-e of the work may be done in the natural habitat of the 
organisms under consideration. 

The work will require about six hours work per day and will be 
divided between the field, the laboratory or the class room as best meets 
the requirements of the material being studied. The laboratory fee is 
$16.00. Eight semester hours credit. 


S18. General Inorganic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and reci- 
tations and four hours of laboratory work daily. A systematic study of 
the fundamental principles and of the sources, properties and use of the 
important elements and compounds. The lectures are illustrated by 
displays, demonstrations, experiments and moving pictures. In the lab- 
oratory the student acquires first-hand acquaintance with numerous rep- 
resentative substances and methods. The laboratory fee is $16.00. Eight 
semester hours credit. 

S48. Organic Chemistry. Two hours lectures and recitations and 
four hours of laboratory work daily The course includes a study of the 
sources, classification and type reactions of organic materials. It includes 
foodstuffs and their relation to nutrition, dyes, pharmaceuticals, explos- 
ives, coal tar intermediates and manufacturing processes. 

The laboratory work consists of about sixty experiments covering the 
preparation and study of a wide range of representative compounds. 
Eight semester hours credit. Prerequisite Chemistry 18. Laboi'atory fee 
is $24.00. 

S98. Analytical Chemistry. A course in Analytical Chemistry will be 
offered if there is a sufficient demand for it. The course offers eight 
semester hours credit. 



816. Principles of Economics. A course dealinsr with the funda- 
mental principles underlying the operation of the economic system. A 
study of production, value, distribution and consumption. Three or six 
semester hours credit. 

S36. Principles of Accountins:. A course in accountina- urinciples and 
their apnlication in business to sole traders. Dartnershius. and corpora- 
tions ; books or original entry; operating' accounts and balance sheets: 
the preparation of financial statements: columnar books: controlline 
accounts: elements of corporation accountine: branch house accountine: 
business papers. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S93. Public Finance and Administration. Economic functions of the 
state: federal and state expenditures: economic and social aspects of 
public spending: bude'etarv control: nature of taxation and distribution 
of the tax burden: the shiftine- and incidence of taxes: the general prop- 
erty tax: estate and inheritance taxation: sales taxes: personal and 
corporate income taxes: the excess profits tax: social security taxes: 
other taxes and administrative revenues: problems of the t?x svstem' 
public debts and their redemption. Three semester hours credit 

S113. Economic Geography. The course deals with: the field and 
function of Economic Geography, distribution of population, the earth, 
land forms, influence of soils, temperature, winds and ocean currents, 
climates of the world. Much of the course will deal with the more 
important commodities of the world's trade — their production, export, 
and import in the various countries of the world. Stress w'll be laid on 
the chief sources of raw materials and their industi-ial uses and the 
marketing and transportation problems connected therewith. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 

S 123. Industrial Organization and Management. A studv of the 
fundamentals of business organization and administration; the field of 
business administration; plant location; the administration of person- 
nel: market problems: production: risk-bearine: wae'e svstems: wel- 
fare activities. Three semester hours credit. 

S153, Investments. The course deals with the development and 
place of investment in the field of business and its relation to other eco- 
nomic, lesral and social institutions. The principles of inveFtments are 
presented alone: with a description of investment machinery. An an- 
alysis is made of the various classes of investment. Three semester 
hours credit. 


While the present emereencv probably precludes additional re- 
quirements for teacher certification in the secondary field, in anticipa- 
tion of the time when a fifth vear of work may be reauired of secondary 
teachers, Lebanon Valley Colles'e has so arranared sequences of courses 
that its students may, upon e-raduation, continue s-raduate courses in the 
Schools of Education of the University of Pennsylvania and Temple 
University without loss of time or credits in securine- the master's de- 
eree. Lebanon Valley Colles'e will continue to offer work leadine' to the 
granting of the provisional certificate and for teachers who do not de- 
sire a master's dee'ree. such work as is at present reauired for the col- 
lege permanent certificate. 


532. Principles and Techniques of Secondary School Teachine. A 

study of Drinciples. oractices. and methods with their significance to 
secondary school teaching'. Two semester hours credit. 

533. Secondary Education. The evolution of the secondary school in 
the United States; .secondary education in other countries, current nrob- 
lems and trends in secondary education. Three semester hours cred'.t. 

S43. History of Education in the United S^tates. The 

development of education in the United States in relation to social and 
economic changes from colonial times to the present, includina- detailed 
study of developments in Pennsylvania. Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Philosophy of Education. This course aims to provide a basis 
for constructive thinking in the field of education. Various theories in 
education will be considered. Two semester hours credit. 

S82. Educational Measurements, Preparation for testiner by the 
classrn^-i teacher is offered throus'h studying- principles of validity and 
reliab'li^y. appraisinfr and constructing' tests, and considering- the use of 
results. Laboratory fee of one dollar. Two semester hours credit. 

S123, Introduction to Education. An introduction to the field of 
education throug-h the study of the American educational system, the 
place of the school in society, the training and function of the teacher. 
Three semester hours credit. 

SI 36. Observation and Student Teaching. P. 14 

S203. Visual and Sensory Techniques. Psychological bases for sen- 
sory aids: use of apparatus; sources of eauipment and supplies. Labora- 
tory fee of three dollars. Three semester hours credit. May be taken for 
two hours credit. 


S16. English Composition. Required of all students proceeding 
to a College degree. Six semester hours credit. 

S26. A Survey of English Literature. This course is required of 
all students proceeding to a degree. It is offered in two parts. Students 
may take either or both, depending on their requirements. Three or six 
semester hours credit. 

S33 Public Speaking. Required of all prospective teachers. Three 
semester hours credit. 

S152. History of the English Language. Historical study of the 
English sounds, inflections, and vocabulary, standards of correctness: 
correct usage. Recommended especially for prospective teachers of 
Enelish composition. Two or three semester hours credit. 

S512. Poetry of the Romantic Revolt. A study of early Nineteenth 
Century poetry, with special attention to five poets: Wordsworth, Coler- 
idge, Byron, Shelley, Keats. Two or three semester hours credit. 

S522. American Literature. From the Beginning to the Present 
Day. Three or six semester hours credit. 

Methods of Teaching English (Education 332) 




S06. Elementary French. This course is intended for those who 
begin French in College. Its aim is to enable the student to write simple 
French sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy French, and to read 
French of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours will be 
granted for this course, if followed by French 16, but it cannot be 
counted toward a major. 

SI 6. First Year College French. This course presupposes two years 
of high school French. It includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composi'ion, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. Six semester hours credit. 


S06. Elementary German. This course is intended to give students 
a reading knowledge of German of average difficulty, and to enable them 
to understand the spoken language and to express simple ideas idiomat- 
ically. College credit will be given for the course but it cannot be count- 
ed toward a major. Six semester hours credit. 

SI 6. Modern German Literature. Reading of nineteenth and 
twentieth centurv litergture combined with a studv of eeoeraohv his- 
tcrv. and art. Grammar and composition. Six semester hours credit. 

S96. Military German. Intended to be of service to students who 
mav be called into militarv service Selected readines on all nhases of 
military service to develop the snec al vocabularv of the field, and con- 
versational exercises Two vears cf hieh school German or one vear of 
college German are prerequisite to the course. Three or six semester 
hours credit. 


S23-A- Europe from 1815-1914. A survey of 19th century Europe. 
Three hours credit. Offered 1st term. 

S23-B-Eiirope from 1914 to the oresent. A studv of the World War 
and nost-var nroblem^. Considerable attention will be eiven to the 
reasons for the ni'esent war. Three hours credit. Offered 2nd term. 

S43. History cf Pennsylvania. Three semester hours credit. 

S46. Political and Social History of the United States. A aeneral 
survev rf Ame^'icn historv with particular attention to Social and Cul- 
tural trends. Three or .=ix se'niester hours credit. 

S63. Economic History of the United States. A studv of the eco- 
nomic bacl-o-rcund of American Historv including- the e'rowth of Ameri- 
can ao-ricult'i.ral and industrial interests, from their colonial beeinnine's 
to their present d^v development. Three hours credit. Offered 1st term. 

S163. Economic History of Eurone. The economic development of 
Europe from the time of the Indiistrial Revolution to the present. Three 
hours credit. Offered 2nd term. 

S213, The Renaissance and the Reformation. A studv of the politi- 
cal, economic, cultural, r"'l relip;icus chanees that occurred from the 
Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries. Three hours credit. Offered 1st 

S22S. The French Reyolution and Napoleon. A survev of conditions 
in the Old Peo-ime; the events of the Revolut-'o"^ itself: and the effects 
of the Revolution upon Europe. Napoleon and the results of his work. 
Three hours credit. Offered 2nd term. 


I— I 




I— ( 



S13. Advanced Algebra. Covering ratio and proportion, variation, 
progressions, binominal theorem, theorem of undetermined coefficients, 
logarithms, permutations and combinations, theory of equations, partial 
fractions, etc. Three semester hours credit. 

S23. Plane Trigonometry. Definitions of tri£-onometric functions, 
right and oblique triangles, computation of distances and heights, devel- 
opment of trigonometric formulae. Three semester hours credit. 

S36. Analytic Geometry. The equations of the straight line, circle, 
ellipse, parabola, and hyperbola are studied, numerous examples solved, 
and as much of the higher plane curves and of the geometry of space is 
covered as time will permit. Six semester hours credit. 

S46. Differential and Integral Calculus. Differentiation of alge- 
braic and transcendental functions, maxima and minima, development in- 
to series, etc. Integrations, rectification of curves, quadrature of sur- 
faces, cubature of solids, etc. Six or eight semester hours credit. 

S103. Introduction to Statistics. This course will deal with the col- 
lection, presentation and analysis of numerical data. In particular, it will 
deal with frequency distribution analysis, the theory of probability and 
method of least squares, and simple and multiple correlation. Three se- 
mester hours credit. 

S123. Mathematics of Finance. The course seeks to present the 
mathematical principles and operations used in financial work. A detail- 
ed study of compound interest, compound discount, and annuities is un- 
dertaken. Applications of these principles is then made to practical prob- 
lems of amortization, sinking funds, depreciation, valuation of bonds, and 
building and loan associations. Three semester hours credit. 

Note: If there should be a sufficient demand anv other standard 
course in Mathematics mav be offered. 


S02. Introduction to Philosophy. This course is intended to intro- 
duce beginners to the basic problems and theories of philosophy and 
quicken them to some appreciation of the role played by philosophy in 
the whole movement of civilization, while at the same time giving them 
at least an inkling of the work of the greatest thinkers and arousing 
in them a desire to go to the sources. Two semester hours credit. 

S12. Inductive and Deductive Logic. This course is intended to 
furnish the student with a knowledge of the laws of correct thinking, 
the purpose and place of the. syllogism in the processes of thinking, and 
the detection of fallacies in thinking. Two semester hours credit. 

23-A. Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. In this course the aim 
will be (1) to trace the development of philosophy, pointing out what 
of permanent value each system as it arose contributed toward a final 
solution of the nature of being, and (2) to show the interaction between 
philosophic thought and the practical life of the period during which 
it flourished. Three semester hours credit. 

23-B. Modem Philosophy. Continuation of 23-A. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

S32. Ethics. The aim of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the academic ethical problems, and to effect an awakening and a 
strengthening of the moral sense. This is al required course for all stud- 
ents proceeding to a degree. Two semester hours credit. 



Personal and Community Hygiene. A study of personal habits for 
every day living and of community problems as they relate to the indi- 
vidual. Special emphasis is given to training for leadership in com- 
munity health problems and improvement. The course consists of lec- 
tures, discussions, practical survey of personal and community situa- 
tions, field trips and discussions relative to the maintenance of personal 
and public health. A practical unit in first aid will be included if 
there is a need for it. Three semester hours credit. 

S18. General Physics. The course virill be a thorough investigation 
of the fundamental principles of Physical Science. Lectures and labora- 
tory vi^ork. Eight semester hours credit. 


S16. American Government and Politics. A course designed to 
give the students a w^orking knovi^ledge of the fundamental lavs^s of Fed- 
eral and State Governm.ent. Three or six semester hours credit. 

S43. Political Theory. A survey of the different philosophies and 
theories of Government, Ancient and Modern, w^ith special reference to 
political philosophy since the 16th Century. Three semester hours 


S14, General Psychology. This course aims to acquaint the student 
with the psychological standpoint and with the fundamental psychologi- 
cal principles. It includes a study of such topics as native tendencies, ac- 
quired tendencies, emotions, imagination, memory, and reasoning. Lec- 
tures, discussions and laboratory work. Four semester hours credit. 

S23. Educational Psychology. Designed to meet the needs of stud- 
ents of education who are seeking from psychology the facts and prin- 
ciples that have a bearing on their problems. Special emphasis is plac- 
ed on the learning process. Prerequisite: Psychology 14. Three semester 
hours credit. 

S42. Psychology of Adolescence. A study of the physical and men- 
tal changes which characterize adolescence. The ouestions of rate and 
variation in learning, motive, personality, disturbances and control of 
behavior will be handled. This course has been approved by the State 
Department of Education for professional credit. Three semester hours 

53. Applied Psy^.hology. A survey of the anplications of Psvchol- 
cey to the various fields of human relations. It includes such tonics as: 
increase in effi'^iency. effect of suegestions. improvement of nersonal- 
itv- advertisinp-. and the psycholoev of the public platform. Three semes- 
ter hours credit. 

S63. Mental Hygiene. A study of wholesome effective personality 
adjustments, including causes and treatment of the more common soc- 
ial and emotional maladjustments among college students. Prerequisite: 
Psychology 14. Three semester hours credit. 

S72. Psychology of Childhood. The psychological development of 
the child from the beginning of life to adolescence. Emphasis upon learn- 
ing, language, comprehension, and emotion as these develop genetically 
in the individual. Prereqiiisite: Psychology 14. Two semester hours 




S13. Principles of Sociology. The course is intended to acquaint 
the student with the various theories of society together with the place 
of sociology in the general field of learning. Three semester hours 

S23. Modern Social Problems. This is a study in pathology. The 
organization and functions of public and private welfare and social se- 
curity agencies, preventive and remedial. Three semester hours credit. 


S06. Elementary Spanish. This course is intended for those who 
begin Spanish in college. Its aim is to enable students to write simple 
Spanish sentences, to carry on a conversation in easy Spanish, and to 
read Spanish of ordinary difficulty. College credit of six semester hours 
will be granted for this course if followed by Spanish 16. 

816. First Year College Spanish. This is a continuation and exten- 
sion of course 06 and includes further drill in the principles of gram- 
mar, practice in conversation, composition, and dictation, and more ex- 
tensive reading. For entrance to Spanish 16, the preparatoiT course 
06 or its equivalent (two years of high-school Spanish) will be required. 
Six semester hours credit. 

26. Spanish Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Novels and nlays 
will be studied and discussed in class or reported upon. Composition and 
conversation. Six semester hours credit. 


Nvnnerous inquiries have been received concerning courses for 
teachers desirous of re-entering the profession during the present 
ergency and from teachers who wish to secure certification in additional 
fields. Most of the courses offered in the Summer Session will serve 
as refresher courses in addition to offering credit for certification. 

If there is a sufficient demand, additional courses will be offered. 
If the course in which you are interested is not listed in this Bulletin 
write to the Director of the Summer school. 



The Demonstration School 

Lebanon Valley Colleg:e is pleased to announce the continuation of 
the training: school in erades 7 to 12. conducted as uart of the 1943 sum- 
mer session. Throug-h the g-enerous co-operation of the Board of Educa- 
tion of Hershey, Pennsylvania, these training courses will be conducted 
in the splendid public-school building's of that town. Because of the high 
standard of the Hershey schools and their equipment, and by reason of 
the advantages offered by the community for project work beyond the 
school room, an opportunity for training of the highest order is afforded 
students preparing to enter the teaching profession. Hershey children will 
he) in attendance. The college has engaged the services of master teach- 
ers of the highest qualifications and proved experience. Practice teach- 
ers and observers will be under their guidance and the supervision of Dr. 
E. M. Balsbaugh of the Department of Education, Lebanon Valley Col- 

The purposes of the school are three-fold: First, to provide a su- 
perior type of secondary school during the summer session for observa- 
tion and student-teaching; second, to demonstrate modern methods of 
teaching:; third, to provide sufficient observation, participation, and stud- 
ent-teaching to meet the certification requirements of Pennsylvania for 
teachers on the Junior-Senior High School level. 

Students may be in residence in Annville while attending the dem- 
onstration school at Hershey. The distance between Hershey and Ann- 
ville is seven miles. The dormitories and dining room of the college 
will be open to all students who register for work at Hershey. 

Because the number of students that can be acccommodated is lim- 
ited, registrations for demonstration school work must be filed with the 
registrar of Lebanon Valley College at an early date. All applications 
for student-teachine should be sent to Dr. E. M. Balsbaugh. Ann- 
ville, Pa., who will make reservations for classes according to the ap- 
plicant's ma.ior and minor teaching: subjects. 

Fees for demonstration school wcrk are $8.50 ner semester hoiir. An 
additional laboratory fee of $17.00, payable at the time of reg'istration, 
is required of persons taking student-teaching. An advance payment of 
$20.00 is required bv May 1st. 1943, so as to warrant the reservation of 
classes for the several students. This will not be returned if the appli- 
cant fails to register. 


S136. Observation and Student-Teaching. This course is given in 
the Public Junior-Senior High School at Hershey, Pennsylvania, and con- 
sists of observation, participation, and actual teaching in the Demonstra- 
tion School. Individual and group conferences are held with the Director 
of Student-Teaching and the critic teachers. Prerequisites: Introduction 
to the Study of Education and Educational psychology. Six semester 
hours credit. 




Mary E. Gillespie, M.A Director 

Ruth Engle Bender, A.B Piano 

R. Porter Campbell, Mus.B Pianoforte, Organ 

Harold Malsh _ _ Viohn 

Alexander Crawford Voic^ 

Edward P. Rutledge, M.A Band and Orchestra Instruments 

D. Clark Carmean, M.A Band and Orchestra Instruments 

Merl Freeland, A.B Piano 

Frederick Schweppe Voice 

Virginia Darnell, M.A Music Education 

Joseph Battista Piano 

The aim of Lebanon Valley College Conservatory is to teach music 
historically and aesthetically as an element of liberal culture; to offer 
courses that will give a thorough and practical understanding of theory 
and composition; and to train artists and teachers. 

The Conservatory of the college is one of a limited number of insti- 
tutions offering courses in Public-School Music for teachers and super- 
visors approved for certification by the Pennsylvania State Council of 

In response to a demand for summer courses that will enable students 
in music to earn credits to meet deficiencies, shorten attendance requir- 
ed in the regular winter terms and acquire extra training in addition to 
that otherwise obtainable in the longer terms, the Conservatory has 
joined with the academic departments of the college in offering work 
during the summer term. 

During- the summer of 1943 class-room instruction will be offered by 
Miss Gillespie, Professor Rutledge and Professor Carmean in the follow- 
ing courses: 

S563. History of Music and Appreciation: Emphasis is placed on the 
growth of musical movements and forms, and on the lives, works, and 
influence of the great composers. Opportunity is given for hearing rep- 
resentative music of the different periods of music history and of the 
recognized composers. Three semester hours credit. 

Harmony S342 (Keyboard). Harmonization at the keyboard of fa- 
miliar folk songs and of melodies, familiar and unfamiliar, of the rote 
song type, utilizing the various harmonies at the disposal of the class; 
and in the reading at sight of music of moderate difficulty, with em- 
phasis upon the playing of accompaniments and upon transposition. Two 
semester hours credit. 

Harmony S363 (Composition and Orchestration). Original composi- 
tion is continued in various vocal and instrumental forms. This course 
offers opportunity and guidance in arranging music for various com- 
binations of instruments and voice, including band, orchestra, and chorus. 
The best productions of the class will be given public performance. 
Three semester hours credit. 

Materials and Method's of Public School Music. Three semester 
hours credit. 

Sight Singing. Two semester hours credit. 



S103. Physical Science. Cultivation of the scientific approach to 
sound and tone, with emphasis on their application to music and musical 
instruments. Three semester hours credit. 

Instrumental Music: Class instruction is offered for beginners, on 

String I — (Violin) — 1 hour credit. 

Woodwind I — -(Clarinet) — 1 hour credit. 

Brass I — (Trumpet, Cornet, Alto, French Horn, Trombone, Bari- 
tone, or Tuba) — 1 hour credit. 

Each course includes tuning, scale playing, general technique for solo 
and ensemble playing, care and repair of the instrument, and a review 
of written methods and materials. 

Percussion (Drums) — 1 hour credit. 

Percussion (Advanced) — 1 hour credit. 

Student Teaching. Students requiring practice teaching in Instru- 
mental Music may make arrangements to do their practice teaching in 
the Demonstration School at Hershey. 

Professors Bender, Crawford, Malsh, and Campbell will be available 
during the summer term for private instruction in their respective 
fields. Persons interested in private instruction should address them in- 
dividually and complete arrangements in advance of the opening date. 

Professor Rutledge will be available for private instruction in wood- 
winds and brass and Pi-ofessor Carmean will be available for private 
instruction in viola, cello and string bass. 


For many years Lebanon Valley College, through extension and 
evening courses, has enabled teachers, state employees, and others in 
active employment to attend college courses and secure academic de- 
grees. Through these courses teachers may meet the certification re- 
quirements of the State Department in the secondary field. 

Extension courses are offered in the Central School Building, Forster 
Street, Harrisburg, on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday eve- 
nings from 7:00 to 9:00 p. m. 

Evening classes are held at the College in Annville, usually on Fri- 
day evenings from 6:30 to 8:15 p. m., and from 8:15 to 10:00 p. m. 
Classes may be held on other evenings, if desired, and on Saturday 

Extension and evening classes begin during the week of September 
20th. 1943. 

Extension and evening class bulletins containing a list and descrip- 
tion of the courses to be offered will be available August 1st. 

Students interested in extension and evening class work should write 
to Director of Extension and Evening Classes for a bulletin and infor- 
mation. The Director will appreciate suggestions as to what courses 
may be desired.