Skip to main content

Full text of "Leechdoms, wortcunning, and starcraft of early England: Being a collection ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 




£ CiS Coc 

1 Oxford University 


Manor Road, Oxford 0X1 3UQ 

Telephone: {01865)271050 

Full term MooiUy to Friday 9.30 am w 7 pm 

Salunlay 10.00 im to 1 pm 
V^cxkm Moiid«yU>Fiiday9.30.mK.Spm 
Saturday CLOS^ 
TWj Iwo* shouUbenmnud on arbtfbnihe laltstJaU below: 

Mames which an loit. defaeid. or damaged must be paid for. 1 






Z- V I-- 

i WWI^ 





,11 zeiiBi Google 












On the 26th of Jauuary L857, the Master of the Rolls 
Bubmitted to the Treasury a proposal for the publication 
of materials for the History of this Country from the 
Invasion of the Romans to the Reign of Henry VIII. 

The Master of i^e Rolls suggested that these materials 
should be selected for publication under competent editors 
without reference to periodical or chronological arrange- 
ment, without mutilation or abridgment, preference being 
given, in the first instance, to such materials as were most 
scarce and valuable. 

He proposed that each chronicle or historical document 
to be edited should be treated in the same way as if the 
editor were engaged on an Editio Princeps ; and for this 
purpose the most correct text should be formed from an 
accurate a>llation of the best MSS. 

To render the work more generally useful, the Master 
of the Rolls suggested that the editor should give an 
account of the MSS. employed by him, of their age and 
their peculiarities ; that he should add to the work a brief 
account of the life and times of the author, and any 
remarks necessary to explain the chronology ; but no other 
note or comment was to be allowed, except what might be 
necessary to establish the correctness of the text. 


The works to be published in octayO} eeparatdy, as 
they were finished ; the whole responsibility of the task 
resting upon the editors, who were to be chosen by the 
Master of the Rolls with the sanction of the Treasury. 

The Lords of Her Majesty's Treasury, after a careful 
consideration of the subject, expressed their opinion in a 
Treasury Minute, dated February 9, 1857* that the plan 
recommended by the Master of the Rolls "was well 
calculated for the accomplishment of this important 
national object, in au effectual and satisfactory manner, 
within a reasonable time, and provided proper attention be 
paid to economy, in making the detailed arrangements, 
without unnecessary expense." 

They expressed their approbation of the proposal that 
each chronicle and historical document should be edited 
in such a manner as to represent with all possible correct- 
ness the text of each writer, derived from a collation of the 
best MSS., and that no notes should be added, except 
such as were illustrative of the various readings. They 
suggested, however, that the preface to each work should 
contain, in addition to the particulars proposed by the 
Master of the Rolls, a biographical account of the author, 
BO far as authentic materials existed for that purpose, and 
an estimate of his historical credibility and value. 

Rotlt House, 

December 1857. 















VOL 1. 




Frefacb - - - - - - - ■ - ix 


MBDicniA DK Qdabbupedibvs - - . - . 326 
Lbechdohs from Fly LEATsa op MSS. - - - 876 
Cqabhs (m part) - - 384 







It vill be difficult for the kindliest temper to give p 
a fiieadly welcome to the medical philosophy of Saxon 
days. As man has an ever recurring proneueas to 
make himaelf the standard of truth, to condemn, sneer 
at, and despise all that he does not choose or is unable 
to comprehend, bo in a greater degree every generation 
of men admires its own wisdom, skill, science, art, and 
progress ; it calls its own, whatever it has learnt firom 
men of former days, and counts the few improve- 
ments which have had their birth in its own time^ as 
triumphs and (^tinctions which elevate it above all 
the -paat. 

If we consider the history of the ages gone by, these Oor debt to 
high pretensions wUI soon abate somewhat of their '**" *^^ 
confidence. The progress of those contrivances towards 
oor comfort, which we sum up in the term civilization, 
has been very creeping and laborioos. Our great 
capitals are smaller than Borne, the fortunes of our 
men of millions are trifles to the wealth . of a Crassus 
or a Lncollus, our houses are less carefully warmed 
in winter than the Roman villas, our poetry has no 
Homeros, our sculpture no Praxiteles, our architecture 
no Farthraion, oor philosophy has never seen a century 
such as that between Ferikles and Alezandros, those 
himdred years of Attic wit and wisdom have given 
UB an education in dead languages, and in the lore 
and manneiB of two thousand years since, and are 
driving otu: native words from off our tongues and 
making them strange to our eara 


The SaxoDB Tbe same victory over future ages which puts into 

^^^tin ^^ hands of our chOdren a Yirgilius, a Demosthenes 
i«MTiiDg. an Horatius, produced a similar effect upon our fore- 
father. When their driving, conquering, advancing 
spirit brought them into the island of the Britons 
and gave them the Keltic careless tribes for a prey, 
they also found it worth their while to inquire what 
was this system of Latin science, which raised fertile 
crops of wheat for the food of every mouth, built 
houses which gave warmth amid the tempest, and 
fetched &om foreign distant lands aids and helps 
whether to health or to disease ; and they, like our- 
selves, became students of Latin and Greek. Something 
of course they had learned of southern arts before, 
but when they arrived in and became owners of ter- 
ritories improved by the southron, they could only 
enjoy their new acquisitions fully by understaDding 
the method of ordering them. 
Lidjgeuoiu The Gothic nations had a knowledge of their own 

^Jtonic ^^ ^^^ kinds and powers of worts, tSat is they had 
mxt. the more useful practical part of botany ; this is 

plainly proved by the great number of native names 
of plants which are found in the works now printed, 
in glossaries, and in tbe Gothic languages generally. 
Their medicine must have consisted partly in the 
application of the qualities of these worts to healing 
purposes, for otherwise the study was of no real utility. 
The osea of hemp and liquorice were first learnt by 
the Hellenes, £rom the Sl^hians.' The Saxons evi- 
dently were also willing to rely much upon amulets 
and incantations, for while these resources are accepted 
by the later Greek physicians, they occur much more 
frequently as the northern nations obtained a wider 
footing in the Boman empire. 

*II«rodol.lib. iv. cap. 74. TbuoIhistoB, Ujst. PUat lUi, (x-cap. IS. 



From the oradla modem EngliBbmea are taught to Charms. 
fight an angry battle Etgainet Buperstition, and they 
tieat a t"J^''""<-'* or a charm with Bome HiaHnip and 
nLudh contempt. Bat let us reflect that these play- 
tfainga tended to quiet and reaesure the patient, to 
oalm his temper, and soothe his nerves ; objects which, 
if we are not mismibrmed, the best practitioners of 
oar own day willingly obtun by such means as ace 
left tbem. Whether a wise physioian will deprive a 
bomble patient of his roll of m^c words, or take 
from hia neck the &iry stone, I do not know : but 
this is certain, that the Christian Church of that early 
day, and the medical acuence of the empire by no 
means refused, the employment of these arte of healing, 
these balms of superstitious origin. The reader may 
enjoy his laugh at such devices, bat let him remember 
tWt dread of death and wakeful anxiety must be 
hushed by some means, for they are very unfriendly 
to recovery from disease. 

Some part of the prevailing superstition must have Partlj origi- 
oome from the Magi, for we find them ordering that Jh^Majti, 
the modem feveifiie, the Fy^'ethrwm pa/rthenium, must 
be pulled from the ground with the left bond, that 
the fevered patients name must be spoken forth, and 
that the herbcrist must not look behind him.' 

Flinius says also,' that the Magi and the Pytha- 
goreans hod many foolish tales about the eryngium, 
known in England as sea holly.' That they ordered 
the pseudo anohosa to be gathered with the left hand, 
the name of him, who was to profit by it to be 
uttered, and that it should be tied on a man for 
the tertian fever.* They used the By^aofwrif, or 
pceony,' for evocation of spirits." They got cures for 

> Fliu. xxiL 34 = SO. 
'If it is the psoooy. 
• Plin. MIT. 108 = i: 


head ache, bleared eyes, dim sight, pearl, excrescences in 
the eyes, tooth ache, rheumatism, quartan fevers, gout, 
spasms, lumbago, sterility, ghosts and nighijnares, 
pbrenzy, fiimily discord, indi£ferem» to wives, epilepsy, 
snakes, shiverings, darts, barkiug of dogs, fesciua^ 
tion, gripes, gravel, childbirth, magic arts, mad dogs, 
dysentery, poison, tyranny, effeminacy, and a potent 
love charm, a Lasses come follow me, from the hyena : 
but he must be caught when the moon is in Qcanini' 
The Magi had a special admiration for the mole, 
if any one swallowed its heart palpitating and fresh, 
he would become at once an expert in divination.' 
The heart of a hen, placed upon a womans left breast 
while she is asleep, will make her tell all her secrets." 
This the Roman cidU a portentous lie. Perhaps he 
had tried it. They were the authors of the search 
for red or white stones in the brood nestlings of 
swallows, mentioned fay our Saxona* A crazy fellow 
(lymphatus) would recover his senses if sprinkled with 
the blood of a mole : and those troubled with nocturnal 
spirits and by Fauns would be relieved if smeared 
with a dragon's tongue, eyes, gall, and intestines 
boiled down in wine and oil' Bulla dung was good 
for dropsical men, cows dung for women." 

The Magi also taught to drink the si^hes of a piga 
pizzle in sweet wine, and so to make water into a 
dogs kennel, adding the words " lest he, like a hound, 
"should make urine in his own bed."' If a man 
in the morning made water a little on hia own foot 
it would be a preservative against mala medicamenta, 
doses meant to do him harm. For quartan fevers 
they catch with the left hand the beetle that has 

I Plin. nriii. 27 = 8. ' Id, m. 2t = iO. 

■ Id. XIX. 7 = 3, • H. xiviii. 68. 

>Id. ixii. as. 'Id. xiviii. 60 = 15. See below. 


reflected anteniue, and make an amulet of liiin.' For 
sleep the gall of a sacrificed goat smeared on tlie 
eyes or put under the pillow was good* 

Bemokritos was a devoted adherent of the teaching Demoktito*. 
of the Magi, "magorum stodioaissimitB." " He wrote 
of an herb, the root of which wrought into pills and 
swallowed in wine would make guilty men confess 
everything, tormented at night by strange visions of 
the spirit world. Another, &iaiy ^pamoy, food of Gods, 
which kept the kings of Persia in health and vigour 
of mind.* The QmyytX.);, or gospel plant, was drunk 
by tlie Magi before divination. The ysKtoroipvxXit, or 
laughter plant, produced fantome and laughter, that 
only ceased by driiikiug pine nuts, pepper, and honey 
in date wine. They had also an herb for begetting 
handsome and good children. A disciple of Demokri- 
tos, ApollodoroB, had a wort to make old love, even 
what had turned to hate, revive again. All theae had 
magic names. Flinius view of the general credit in 
wliich the doctrine of the Magi stood, is that it was 
of all sciences on the &ce of the globe most fraudulent, 
(which, be it observed, is a great deid to say,) and 
th.^vt it owed its acceptance to its embracing within 
itself the tiirce sciences moat influenti^, among men ; 
medidne, and that, as it shewed the profounder and 
more venerable ; religion, in the darkness of which, says 
he, the human race is still involved, (to call it supcr- 
Rtition would be to modernize here), and the mathe- 
matics, that is, astronomy. 

Pythagoras held that the whole air is full of spiritual Pyihagnms. 
beings, who send men dreams, and the symptoms of 
disease and health ; nor to men only, but to sheep and 
other cattle ; that to these spirits are naturally mnde 
lustrations, and averting ceremonies, and invocations, 


and the like.' He taught that holding anethum, that 
ia dill, in the hand, is good against epilepsy.' Pytha- 
goras was the founder of the healing art among the 
Hellenic peoples. 

Pythagoras tanght that water would &eeze with the 
herbs coracesia and calycia, also the flower of the aqui- 
folia or hoUy.' Chryappus, that an animal, nobody 
knew anything about, the phryganium, was a good 
amulet for quartan fevers.* Cato, that a man would 
go cotttfortahly to sleep after eating hare ; and says 
Flinius, there must he something in the general^ per- 
suasion that after hare a man is good looking for 
nine days.' 

Serapion of Alexandria flourished (B.C. 278) forty 
years after the death of Alexander the Great, and was 
one of the chie& of the Empiric school, who relied upon 
observation and experiment in preference to specula- 
tion and thoughtful reasoning; yet he in epilepsy pre- 
scribed the warty excrescences on the forelegs of animals, 
camels bnun and gall, rennet of seal, dung of crocodile, 
heart of hare, blood of turtle, stones of boar, ram, or 

Soranos, an early writer of the methodic school, while 
he refused incantations as cures for diseases, testifies 
in so doing to their prevalence: — "Alii cantilenas 
" adhibendas probaverunt, ut etiam Philistionis frater 
" idem memorat libro xiiL de adiutoriis, scribens quen- 
" dam fistulatorem loca dolentia decantasse, qu^ cum 
" aaltum sumerent palpitando, discusso dolore mites- 
" Cerent. Alii denique hoe adiutorii genus Pytbagoram 

vAmm'' nbI trh Tohar Irf/iirtiltai 
lir6pArBit Toil rt ovtlpoui Kol t4 
mj^fifi vitrou Tt jcol iyitlai' md ob 

Mtl 1 

t iXXM Kriirtt 

TWiTavi 71ho4iu i 

Ka\ &itorpoina^fLo6s tiaa/rtK^iVTf trac 
ml K\Tfi6imt Kal ri IfUH. 

Diogma, Laert. V. Py&ag. 3 



" memorant invenisBe : sed Sorani iudicio videntur hi 
" mentiB vanitate iactari, qui modulia et cantilena 
" passionis robur excludi posse crediderunt." * 

Plinius records that the rule is to sow basil with piiaiiu. 
curses and ugly words;' that pills of elaterium, the 
drastic juice of a wild cucumber, hung about the waiat 
in rams wool, help parturition, if the patient knows 
nothing about the resource ;' he knew a man of pne- 
torian rank, a chief man in Spain, who was cured of 
intolerable disorders of Uie uvula by carrying hung to 
bis neck by a thread a root of purslane ;* that Sappho 
fell in love with Fhaon because he found a msfiCuUne 
root of ei-yngiimi ;' that an amulet of the seed of 
tribulus cures varicose veins ;' that tradition avers 
men afflicted with tertian fever are relieved of it 
if they tie on themselves a root of autumnal nettle, 
provided that when the root is dug the sick mans 
and his parents names are duly pronouuced aloud f 
that if a man carry a poplar wand in his hand he 
will not get his 1^ chafed ;' the herb selago, which 
was like savine, was gathered without use of iron, 
with the right hand, in pickpocket fashion, " veiut a 
" fumnte," poked through the left armhole of the tunic, 
in a white robe, with naked clean washed feet, after 
an oblation of wine and bread." Since ordinary " clinic" 
medicine avails not in quartan fevers, he will tell us 
how to cure it by amulets ; by the dust in which a 
hawk has been rolling himself tied up in a bit of 
cloth with a red thread ; by the longest tooth of a 
black dog ; by a solitary wasp caught in the left hand 

> CMuB Aoreliuiiu, 



> Id. xxii. 


T. («p.l 

p. 555, ed, of 1703. 

• Id. uii 

12 = 10. 



' Id.uiL 

16 = U. 


• Id. iiiT 


' Plin 

11.3 = 1. 

' Id.XliT 

62 = 11. 


and tied on ; by the head of viper cut off, or its liv- 
ing heart cut out, in a piece of cloth ; by the snout 
and tips of the ears of a mouse in a roae-coloured patch, 
the aniinal itself to be let loose ; by the right eye of 
a living lizard poked out, in a bit of goats skin ; by 
the ball rolling scarabxus (s. utercorariiia) ;' a holly 
planted in (the courtyard of) a house keeps off witch- 
craits ;' they say that an amulet of the chEunseelsea 
{Dafne Inureola, D.'mezereum) will cure penri " albugo " 
in the eyes, provided that the plant be gathered before 
annriae, and the purpose be outspoken ;* an herb picked 
from the bead of a statue and tied up in a red 
thread will cure head ache ;* an herb ty which dogs 
stale, if drawn untouched by iron, cures dislocations.'^ 
Enough, perhaps, has been said to mark the character 
of Flinius collections. 

With PUnius was contemporary Joseph, or Josephus. 
The tales about the mandrake current much later, 
and fonnd in the Saxon Herbarium," are traceable to 
what be says ' of the Baaras, an herb that i-uns away 
from the man that wants to gather it, and won't stop 
till one throws on it oipav yvraixo; q to tftftyiviiv eilfta, 
for nastinesB is often an element of mysteries, and even 
then it kills the dog that draws it out. It is not cer- 
tain that the mandrakes berries are meant in Genesis 
XXX. 14. 

Fhilagrios (364 A.D.) thought it superfluous and un- 
becoming to add to a prescription a direction to spit 
once into the drug pot, once on the earth, with some 
barbarous names, since without the names it Vould 
be equally efficacious." 

' Plin. xii.30-11. ■ Bell. Iud.Vir.yi.S=p. 117. 

' Id. xiiY. 71 = 13. ■ '«ii. 

• Id. xiiv. 82-15. ' Aetiiu, 607. c in the Mcdice 
' Id. xxiv. I06»19. ! ArtiiFriDcipei, nnpablUhcd in ihe 

* Id. xxir. Ill =10. '■ nriglnal langui^. 


Xtsnokrates, who, says Galenos, fiourislied two gene- Xenokiateii. 
rations, or sixty years before himself, writes with an 
air of confidence on the good effects to be obtained by 
eating of the human brain, flesh, or liver; by swallow- 
ing in drink the burnt or uubumt bones of the head, 
shin, or fingers of a man, or the blood. He had also 
a good list of nasty prescriptions, for which tbe veil 
of a dead language is required.' 

Galenos is cited l^ Alexander of Tralles,* as doing Gakaou. 
a reluctant homage to incantationa His words, 
l>crhaps, do not go further than the conclusions of an 
unprejudiced physician of our own day might do, were 
he willing to brave the quick rising imputation of 
superstition. " Some think that incantations are like 
" old wives tales : as I too did for a long while. But 
" at last I was convinced that there is virtue in them 
" by plain proo& before my eyes. For I had trial 
" of their beneficial operation in the case of those 
" scorpion stung, nor less in the case of bones stuck 
" fiist in the throat, immediately, by an incantation, 
" thrown up. And many of them oie excellent, seve- 
" rally, and they reach their mark." 

PamphiloB makes Qalenos angry with his gipsy PamphUos. 
trickeries; "his old wives tales, his Egyptian quackeries, 
" his babbling incantations used by tbe folk employed 
" to collect tlie plants, his pcrliipbs, and bis humbugs, 
" not merely useless, not merely unprofessional, but 
" all false ; no good even to little boyp, not to say 

' n<Hrt> f itpzTSi Tf xal uipou koI I yiypa^t ttiial atpi tou kectA Tik iItb 

vorq^Tfj^au TVHUiibf ^rXyjJi vol $St~ I pinrau Karmvofiirou^ 

\upi, Kol Toirtmr Mi» firror 1) mi- Galen. lU nm/il. mrjri. et fuc, 

irpot, f.ii tia^iofiiiniy tt roa mtrarb i lib. xr. iiil, sii., p, 248, <d. 

iFtiiui »■! TJjf ^iiuyy« /up-'oii tfi rt ] Kiihn. 
\woix4r^r typa^tn i i 

■3«plT„i i 

ix.cap. 4, p..'>3?, ed. 153C 


" students of mediciiie." Famphilos had written in 
alphabetical order about herbs.' 

Alexander of Tralles (AD. 550) frequently presciibea 
periapts, that is, amulets, and wise words : thus for 
colic, be guarantees by his own experience and the 
approval of almost all the best doctors, dung of a 
wolf, with bits of bone in it, if possible, shut up in 
a pipe, and worn during the paroxysm, on the right 
arm, or thigh, or hip, taking care it touches neither 
the earth nor a bath. A lark eaten is good. The 
Tbracians pick out its heart, while alive, and make a 
periapt, wearing it on the left thigh. A part of the 
caecum of a pig prepared with myrrh, and put up in 
a wolfs or dogs skin, is a good thing to wear. A 
ring with Hercules strangling a lion on the Median 
stone, IB good to wear.' A bit of a childs navel, shut 
up in something of silver or gold with salt, is a periapt 
which will make the patient at ease entirely. Have 
the setting of an iron ring octagonal, and engrave 
upon it, " Flee, Flee, Ho, Ho, Bile, the Lark was 
searching ; " on the head of the ring have an N ' en- 
graved : this is potent, and he thinks it would be 
strange not to communicate so powerful an antidote, 
but begs it may be reserved from casual folk, and told 

t)|» "pl '■ii' ficfiamv rpayiun-tlai: 
iXk' iK9Ufoi f/AV clf T( /tOBovs ypoAv 
Tina i^erpin^B nal nms ycnrrfdu 
AlyuWTias XfrpcASdi i^w rfffir irepidls, 
tit iraiptiiHm ris Pvriitai tttXi- 
yovoi, jrol fl^ KixpV^*^ rpbs rtpiawTH 
Kol SUai lupfyartiat du npii'pToui 
liirov, oinT f{a T^t litTpuiqi Tix"l'i 
ikXi Kol ^fvIfTi- lirdirai. ^fitii tt 
olrr« re&Tedy outiv cif^r rctr roiirmn ^i 
KtjptiSta fArrofUffup^fftii ipovfi^ift oAfft 
•jif Tor» niKfiHt i-aiirl KOfuSg XPW"'- 

TBuj nMmis, n4iTi yt St) ™t /urUrai 

lto% SoKM Tpii 'IinrwcpdrovE foiim ir 
ipXPTfif i^pur/ii, tlpTJaBai i Slot 
BpaX"'. i 1* "X") M«p4, X'^pw ToB 


Toll xpii''"" 


Galen, de/aeall. limpl., lib. vi. 
p. 79a, ed. Kuhn. 
' A Gnoitic deviee. See Uoot- 
&ueon, pUtes 159, 161, 163. 

' The N cm the ring U Goottic ; 
oee Moni&ocoti, t. cl., clxiz.. 


only to such as can keep secrets^ and are trusty 
(piXaperouj).' For the gout he recommends a certain 
cloth, xipi)s "ipiiyoti TO upmTov ix twv jcafajtiiviaiv paxai 
itoXiiviiv, also the sinews of a vultures leg and toes tied 
OD, minding that the right goes to the right, the left 
to the left i also the astragali of a hare, leaving the 
poor creature alive ; also the skin of a seal for soles ; 
also a line of HomeroB, rtTpfj^tt 6' a.yopii, imo S« a-rovor- 
xi^o 7<zi>, on gold lea^ when the moon is in Libra; 
also a natural magnet found when the moon is in Leo. 
Write on gold leaf, in the wane of the monn, "mei, 
'■ threu, mor, for, teux, za, zon, the, lou, chri, ge, ze, ou, 
" as the sun is consolidated in these names, and is 
" renewed every day, so consolidate this plaster as it 
" was before, now, now, quick, qiiick, for, behold, 
" I pronounce the great name, in which are consoU- 
" dated things in repose, iaz, azuf, zuon, threuz, bain, 
" chook, consolidate this plaster as it was at first, now, 
" now, quick, quick."' Then bits were to be chopped 
oS a chamteleou, and the creature living was to be 
wrapped up in a clean linen rag, and buried towards 
the sunrise, while the chopped bits were to be worn 
in tubes ; all to be done when the moon was in the 
wane. Then again for gout, some henbane, when the 
moon is in Aquarius or t'lsces, before sunset, must be 
dug up with the thumb and third finger of the left 
hand, and must be said, I declare, I declare, holy wort, 
to thee; I invite thee to-morrow to the house of 
Fileas, to stop the rheum of the feet of M. or N., and 
say, I invoke thee, the great name, Jehovah, Sabaoth, 
the God who steadied the earth and stayed the sea, 
the filler of flowing rivers, who dried up Lot's wife, 
and made her a piUar of salt, take the breath of thy 
mother earth and her power, and dry the rheum of 
the feet or hands of N. or M. The next day, before 
saniise, take a bone of some dead animal, and dig the 

1 Thii U also probably Gnostic ; | ratioiM] haa been elicited. 


root up with tliJB bone, and say, I invoke thee by 
the holy names lao, Sabaoth, Adonai, Eloi, and put 
on the root one handful of salt, sajnug, "As this salt 
" will not increase, so way not the disorder of N. 
" or M." And hang the end of the root as a periapt 
on the anfferer, etc.* For agues, " the little animal 
" that sits and weaves with the view to catch flies, 
" tied up in a rag, round the left arm, is good.'"-' 
TrallianuB mostly wrote very good sense. The Gnostics 
professed a medley of all the religions they could 
hear oC 

Alexander Trallianus also recommeuds for epilepsy, 
from Asklepiades 6 fapixaxiuTf,s, a metal cross, ^Xov 
ia-jaupaf/Litov, tied as a periapt to the arm. He obtains 
from Zalachtbea and Osthanes, interpreters of the Ma^, 
a recommendation to try jasper and coral, with root 
of nux vomica in a linen cloth. Dcmokrates, an 
Athenian, who consulted the Delfic oracle, was told to 
get some worms out of a goats brain. The occipital 
bone of an asses head in a skin is also a good periapt. 
Get a big rivet from a wrecked ship, make a broach 
of it, and insert a bone cut from the heart of a living 
Antiqnitr and The arts of mogic, real arts, with effects viable to 
m"^ the eye, sdences, if the modfem latitude of language 

be allowable, had at a very early period aarived at . 
high perfectiot^ in Egypt, when Jannes and Jambres 
withstood Moses and Aaron, turning their rods into 
s:;rpent8, and water into blood (1600 B.C.) ; in Syria, 
when the witch or ventriloquist of Eiidor promised 
her_ clients conferences with the dead (1100 B.C.) ; in 
Hellas, when Vlytises visited the spirit world, and 
Kirke turned men into swine (1100 B,C.); and in 
Persia, beyond chronological limits. 

' Id. ]>p. 196, tSS. That curiuus < : Id. p. 334, (lifuyy. 
Unmtic chum leemcd U> dcunvu ' Aiex. Tiall., lib. i. pp. 82, S3, 
qaoiation at length. , 84, ed. 15S6. 


The practical wisdom of such men as Hippokrates, Thu influence 
and the Epikurean scepticism of the age of Horatiua ^g^^^ "' 
FlaccuB, had reduced the influence of ma^idans among 
cultivated minds to some reasonable limits. The re- 
vival of their power has been attributed to the de- 
pressing effect of imperial tyranny ; but a larger share 
is probably due to the inroad of barbaric minds which 
the calm light of knowledge liad not reached. 

Saxons, Angles, and all the Gothic races were wholly Tbe invading 

11 1 1- 1 1 -11 „ BirbariaiiB not 

unable to accept, to use, to learn, the medical skill of ciiucaicd up to 

HeUas and of its pupil Italy. The point to which sur- *^"*^ •'''"■ 

gery had been brought was high ; and if we don't say 

the same of physic, perhaps, we are not very good 

judges, having discovered very few specifics of our own. 

Our measure of their proficiency will be much safer 

in suigery than in pharmacy. 

It seems pretty well agreed by competent and careful Rx&mples of 

critics that the book on Wounds of the Head is by "^""'*'' '^^ 

the great Hippokrates, who flourished at Kos during 

the Peloponneeian war (fl. 436, died 377^1- He used 

a ay-ixpn r^unvov, a small trepan, which implies also 

some greater, a rplmv, or aa/w, which had a ^rifi'sSo; or 

circular motion, and which is judged by medical men 

to be the trypkine, and a irplaay ^upaxros, or jaggeil 

saw;, which is held to be the trepan,^ and he gives 

anxious directions to the operator, to withdraw the 

instrument frequently and cool both it and the bone 

witli cold water, and to exercise all vigilance not to 

wound the lining membrane. The employment of 

splints, yBtp9tixa(' on broken limbs, is not of much mark 

here, as we flnd our Saxons could adopt the i-esot;rce. 

In the opinion of Dr. Greenhill, the "O/jxo? in the 

works of Hippokrates may be his ; according to the 

last editor of liis works, it is his, or of the Koan 

■ Hippokr. p. 907, 013, fol. ed. 1615. Sprengel Versuch 
praginitiBcben GetcUcliU dcr Anneikunde, toI. 1. p. 433, 
' Hippokr. ut wp. p. '^5. 


school ; it is a remarkable document, &s laying down 
the outlines of professional etiquette, of the broad Hue 
of distinction betveen the physician and sui^;eoQ, and 
for its plain statement that cutting for the stone was 
then practised.' The process is spoken of as familiar, 
tuid its dangers are shortly expressed by Aretteos 
(A,D. 81), who observes that men sometimes die the 
very day of the operation, which, however, is in- 
dispensable.' The same author mentions the relief 
afforded to those afflicted with the stone by the 
use of the catheter." Philagrios described in bis lost 
works Ms own treatment of a case, where the calculus 
bad escaped from the bladder and stuck fast in the 
ureter, ao that the man, with suppression of urine 
and with pain, bad almost gone. The stone had 
made its way almost to the orifice of the canaJ, but 
with a fine, pair of forceps could not be extracted, 
nor yet by gently moving it with a probe. He would 
not cut the urethra from below, because that would 
certainly end in an artificial and inconvenient urinary 
orifice, but he cut down upon it from above.* Celsus, 
in the case of a large stone, recommends, as of course, 
that it should be crushed by the instrument invented 
by Ammonios, the kiinojitj, or surgeon, who gave his 
chief attention to this subject, and of course before 
his own time (A,D. 15.)' Ammonios is supposed to 
have practised at Alexandria. 

iKX''p^l<"' It ipyimiiri irtpiiri rfrt)- 
fiDt rSirla. (I writB ipyirtiiri not 

' Are*. Chronic, lib. H. cap. 4, 
■ Id. AcbL lib. ii. cap. 9. 

* Philagrios b Aetioe. coL 551, 
in Med. Art. Principes. The 
original ii oupabliBhed. 

* Id boc modo fit. VncuB iniici- 
tor calculo, sic,ut facile enm con- 

cuEflum qnoque Ceneat, iie ii n-tra 
reTolTatnr ; torn femmentum td- 
hibetur crasBitadiuii modictc, prima 
parte tenui, Bed retusa, quod ad- 
rootum calculo, et ex. alters parte 
ictuin, etim findit ; magna cnra 
bebita, ne ant ad iptan veNCBiB 
feTTamentmn perreniat, ant calcnli 
Iractura ne qnid incidat. Celmu, 
lib. vii. cap. S6. 3. 


Asklepiadee (B.C. 100), in extreme cases of difficult Laryngotomj. 
respinttion, from -whatever obatruction of the trachea, 
cut through the air tube of the throat.' AntyUus' 
wrote down the proper directions for even a timid 

We find described in the Museo Borhonico * some Surgical in- 
surgical instruments of bronze discovered in Hercul&- I^vJ^t*" "^ 
num and Pompeii. There is the speculum magnum ■ 
matricis, or ho^rrpiov, witli two branches and a travelling 
yoke for them driven by a screw, for ocular ezamina^ 
tion of the organic state of the matrix ; it served 
rather as a dilatator than as a speculum, and has 
been superseded by a better instrument, the invention 
of Becamier. The careful use of it is described by 
FauluB .^gineta,' There is also the speculum ani, or 
SltnTTfa, composed of two branches bent at right angles 
and opening by pressure on the handles ; this instru- 
ment was known as xarozr^^, to the author of the 
book on heemorrhoids among the works of Hippokrates.'^ 
Further has been found a forceps of a curious con- 
struction, suited for removing pieces of bone from the 
surface of the brain in cases of fractured skull. It 
has been specially considered by Prof Benedetto 
ViUpes, [1847], who thinks it may also have been 
intended to take up an artery. The Greeks, he ob- 
serves, as appears by an inscription dug up near Athens, 
were able to tie an artery in order to stop htemorrhage, 
and words implying bcp much are found in a ti'eatise 
of Archigenes, (A.D. 100,) existing in MS. in the 
Laurentian library at fiorence : i'xo^poxiioy auv ^ 

■ A veteriboB probatam ipprobat 

biciendam, qnatn larTugotoiniuii 
TOcanL CKliui Anreliuiu. Aeut 
UL »». p. 193. 

* In FsDUna .S^gincta, lib. vi. 

• VoL xjv. pi, 36, aire Vulpes, 
pUte iv. 

' Ub. Ti. cap. 73. 


SiajifSaariav ra ftpovra Tatv ayyiiav in) rigv roft^v ; t/ie 
vessels carrying (blood) towards Vie ijicufUm mvM be 
tied or affwed up. Near the end of the sixteenth 
century a French surgeon was the first to recover the 
ligature of tlie artery, and the instrument he used 
was very similar (somiglia moltiiisimo) to the forceps 
in the Museum at Naples.' 

A curious pair of forceps has also been found, 
without a parallel among modem surgical mBtnunenta ; 
the blades have a half turn, and the grip is toothed 
and spooa shaped, when closed. By construction it is 
suited for introduction into some internal cavity, and 
for holding firm and fast some excrescence there. 
Profesaor Vulpes finds it well calculated for dealing 
with the excrescences which grow upon the Schaeiderian 
membrane covering the nasal bonea, or such ibS come 
on the perifery of the anus or the orifice of the female 
urethra; especially such as having a large base can- 
not be tied.' 

There is further an instrument for tapping the 
dropsical, described by Celsus^ and Paulus ^gineta.* 
It was somewhat altered in the middle of the seven- 
teenth centuiy by Petit 

An instrument suited to carry oflf the dropsical 
humours by a little at a time on successive days, as 
Celaus' and Paulus .i^gineta" recommend, has also been 
dug up. Bust and hai'd earth, which cannot safely be 
removed, have blocked up the canal of the relic and 
render conclusions less certain.' 

The probe, "apecillum," /*i^>i, is reported by Cicero 
to have been invented by the Arkadian Apollo, who 

' Vulpe», Illnalraaiioiie di tntti gli ' ' IJl. tI cap. i( 

Strumciti chinir^ci scivaU in ' ' Lib. vii. cap. I 

l!rcolaDoeinrompei,Napoli, 1847. i " I^b. vii. cap. 3 

- Ibid. I ' Vulpes, ot au| 



also was the first to bind up a wound.' Seven varie- 
ties are figured in the work of Professor Vulpes in one 
plate, with ends obtuse, spoon shaped, flat and oval, 
flat and square, flat and divided. The obtuse knob 
was «upij* ; the spoon was xvainrxts ; those which had 
a flat extremity were mrec^Vl^' '• ^ch as had a knob 
at ea«h end went SiittJ^vit. 

The catheter of the (oictents is figured by the same The catheter, 
writer.* It was fumialied with a bit of wood to be 
drawn out by a thread,^ to prevent the obstructive 
eflects of capillary attraction and to fetch the urine 
after it when withdrawn. It is of bronze, and elastic 
catheters seem to be of modem invention. 

They have, or had in 1847, eighty-nine specimcnK f^^ier imtru- 
of pincers in the Naples Museum, fifteen are like whjit 
are now called anatomical pincers, one only has the 
form of the tenaculum, seventeen are depilatory pincers, 
■ One pair of nippers is rectilinear, terminating in points 
like a pair of compasses. Their names were \a^ih:, 

Hooks, hamuli, ayxtrrset, to the number of fourteen, 
had been laid up in the cases in 1847 ; also a trident 
fnr cauterizing,* and a spatula ; a silver lancet was 
accompanied in the excavating by a small spoon, suited, 
as medical men agree, for examining a small quantity 
of the flowing blood. There are also cupping vessels 
of a somewhat spherical shape, fi:om which air was 
exhausted by burning a little tow. A fiem for bleeding 
horses, of the same shape as that now used, and n 
bent lever of steel, fiox^'"f», vectiarius, for raising the 
bones of the cranium in case of depression by fracture. 
Professor Yulpes has given us figures of eight steel 
or iron knives for various surgical purposes, and of 

' CiMTO de Nat. I)cor., lib. iii. | * Galea. Mcdicus, dfi. x 
!. * Taului ..l^net.. lib. 


xxvi PREFACfe 

a, small plate Buitable in tho form of ita handle for 
the application of cautery by fire.' 

There exists a tract of twelve pages by Dr. Simpson 
of Edinburgh, " On some ancient Qreek medical vases 
" for containing Lykion" [1856]. He knows "of four 
" ancient vases or drug bottles intended to contain 
" this valued eye medicine," " the Auxiof lySixSc of Dios- 
" 'koridea." They are severally lettered Auxiov wapa 
Moucbi'oo, 'Kpo-xKilov Auxov [for Auxioy], latro'i'Of Avxiav (two). 
The drug is the rusot or ruswut of India, an inspissated 
extract prepared from the wood or roote of several 
species of berberia, as the berberis lycium, aristata, etc.* 
It is " most useful in all cases of inflammation of the 
" external tunics of the eye." The vases in which 
it was found are of very small dimensions, and in 
three of them the inteniaJ content is much smaller 
than the external promise ; this arose, of course, from 
the high price of the drug. 

Beside these elaborate contrivances and this skilful 
audacity of the Mediterranean peoples, northern medi- 
cine shows not to advantage. 3eda, one of our safest 
and earliest authorities, gives an account of a leecli, 
Qynifrid, or Cyneferth, who, A.I>. 679, opened a tumor 
for .^heldryth, queen and abbess, without saving her 

The name and office of leeches was familiar to 
the people : the Leechbook, or Liber Medicinalis, is in- 
tended for the use of a medicus, not of a layman ; and 
the frequent expression, "as leeches know how," shows 
that they received a professional education. 

These leeches then, unable to use the catheter, the 
searching knife, the lithotritic hammer, and ignorant 
of the a&r sought Indian drugs, were in their early 
practice almost wholly thrown heak upon the lancet. 



wherewith to let blood, and the " parabilia," the 
iii*opiffTa, the aceeaaibles, chiefly worts from the field 
and garden. Not only the Engle and Seaxe, the war- 
rior inhabitants of our own isl^id, but alao all the racea 
of GoUiic invadenn, were too rude to leam much of Ga- 
lenos, or of Alexander of Trallee, though they would fain 
do so. The writings of MarcelluSj called Empiricus, the 
Herbarium of Apuleius, the Btuff current under the 
name of SeztuB Placitus, the copious volumes of Con- 
stantdnofi Africanus, the writings of St Hildegard of 
Bingen, the collections out of Dioskoridee, the smaller 
Saxon pieces, are all of one character, substituting for 
the case of instruments and Indian drugs, indigenous 
herbs, the worts of &therland, smearings, and wizard 
chants. Over the whole face of Europe, while the 
old Hellenic school survived in Arabia, the next to hand 
resource became the established remedy, and the search- 
ing indsion of the practised anatomist was replaced 
by a droning song. 

The triumphant barbarians had no Ptean, no .^Iscula- 
pius, no Chiron, far leas an Hippokrates. That they 
must have employed herbs before their pouring down 
over the south seems indisputable, and leeches are 
not only Teutonic in the form of their name, but 
are mentioned aa driving a profession in the rudest 
Limr&nar skaltu knuna, Twig ronea ehalt thou ken, 

ef J>lj vilt Iffiknir vera if thou a leech wilt be 

ok kunna aar at raa ; and kea a acre to eee ; 

a berki akal fmr rista on bark ehaU one them write 

ok S, baSrai viSar and on branch of wood, 

]>eim er I6ta austr limar.' whose limbs to east do lout 
The Bunic cra^mony here described may be, if a 
conjecture be allowed to us, analogous to &6 allocu- 
tion to the wort, the declaration of healing purpose, 


the announcement of the i><itients name, 
in our Saxon volumes. 

pat kann ck annal', 
or Inirfu ^ta njoir, 
feir er vilja Ixknar Hva.' 

That ken I 3econ<l, 
there needs ub snua o 
■who mil an leeeh'jB li 

What is now "morbific virns," was with them 
" venom ;" epidemics were produced by " flying venom ;" 
there was also " red venom," which suggests scarlet fever, 
" waAchet venom," " white venom," " livid venom," and 
BO on; all no doubt appropriate names.' 

The state of feeling about soroery among these 
northern hordes is best gathered from a peruaal of the 
elder Edda, which is a world of witchery ; the Gods 
themselves were truly described as charm smiths.' We 
may perchance wonder at the slavery in which people 
were held by the Church, during the earlier ages of 
oui- modern period ; at the saying of medicine masses, 
at the blessing the worts out of the field, at tlie 
placing them upon thu altar ; hut ihe Church had de- 
livered men from a worse servitude than this, from 
the tyranny and terror of the poisoner and the wizard. 
The conscious helplessness of man, when the hand of 
God is upon him, must gladly humble itself in the 
dust, and lick the dirt in craving mercy. Let the 
scornful reader, in good health, not toss his head on 
high at the so called superstition of the simpiie Saxon, 
but consider rather how audacious an infidel that man, 
in those ages, would have seemed, who had refused 
to pray in the received manner for the restoration of 
his henlth. 

I am scarce willing to take the tone of apology for 
the magical syllables we find in these leechcrafts. 
It vrill be well to take a practical view, and to say 
that, especially in the centuries between 500 and 

■ Harunal, 148, ibid. 

= I«CIlUDg«, fill. 1G3. 

' Oalldra smiVir. Ynglinga S. v 


1000 A.D., 60 strong was the geaeral acceptance of 
magic inflaence, so general was the fashion set in that 
direction, that every candidate for the confidence of 
the public must fall in with it. Marcellus, otherwise 
a worthless author, is useful, as showing both how the 
skilful use of surgical instruments had been lost, and 
how much more raokly tliis weed of faith in spiritual 
influences had spread its growth. The date of this 
writer is set at about 380 A.D. 

He recommends, to avoid inflamed eyes, " when E; 
" you see a star fall or cross the heavens, coimt 
" quickly, for you will be free from inflammation for 
" as many years as you count numbers.'" For the 
same disorder, write on a clean sheet of paper oufiaix, 
and hang this round the patients neck, with a thread 
from the loom.' In a state of purity and chastity, 
write on a clean sheet of paper (fivpipapay, and hang 
it round the mans neck; it will stop the approach 
of inflammation.* The following will stop inflammation 
coming on, written on a clean sheet of paper; fov^o;, 
fncreipai ^ijiAio; a;, xam^opa. xai ■xavm ijixxoTei ; it must 
be hung to the neck by a thread ; and if both the patient 
and operator ore in a state of chastity, it will stop 
inveterate inflammation.* Again, write on a thin plate 
of gold with a needle of copper o/j»« oupwEij ; do this 
on a Monday ; observe chastity ; it will long and much 
avaiL^ As soon as a man gets pain in his eyes tie in 
unwrought flax as many knots as there are letters in 
his name, pronouncing them as you go, and tie it 
round his neck." If a man have a white i^ot, as cata- 
ract, in his eye, catch a fox alive ; cut hia tongue out ; 
let him go ; dry his tongue and tie it up in a red rag 
and hang it round the mans neck.^ If any thing to 
cause annoyance get into a man's eye, with five fingers 

' Col. 889 h. ! • Col. 270 b. 

' Col. 270 ». ■ Col. 370 c. 

' Ibid. ' Col. 3TS b. 


of the B&me aide ss the eye, ruD the eye over and 
fiunble at it, saying three times tetuDC resonco, bregtm 
gresflo, and spit tbric&* For the same, shut the vexed 
eye and say thrice, in mon deromarcos axatiaon, and 
spit thrice ; this remedy ia " mirificum."' For the aame, 
shut the other eye, touch gently the vexed eye with the 
ring finger and thumb, and say thrice, " I buss the 
'" Goigons mouth." This charm repeated thritie nine 
times will draw out a bone stuck in a mans throat." 
For hordeolum, which is a sore place in the eyelid, of 
the shape of a barleycorn, take nine grains of barley 
and with each poke the sore, with every one saying the 
magic words xupia xupitc xeta-irapM voupw^^i, then throw 
away the nine, and do the same with seven ; throw 
away the seven, and do the same with five, and so 
with three and one. For the same, take nine grains of 
barley and poke the sore, and at every poke say, 
$ivyi, ^euys xpiiti iri haxti, flee, flee, barley thee ckasdh. 
For the same, touch the sore with the medicinal or ring 
finger, and say thrice, vigaria gasaria.* To shorten the 
matter, blood may be stanched by the words sicycuma, 
cuGuma, ucuma, cuma, una, ma, a. Also by " Stupid 
" on a mountain went, stupid stupid was ;"' by 
socnon socnon ;* roxiroxafL vuxiitu;'' hy ■^a ^e ■irn "^i ^ 
^u i}w.* For toothache say, Argidam margidam stur- 
gidam ; " also, spit in a &ogs mouth, and request him 
to make off with the toothache.'" For a troublesome 
uvula catch a spider, say suitable words, and make a 
phylactery of it." For a quinsy lay hold of the throat 
with the thumb and the ring and middle fingers, 
cocking up the other two, and tell it to be gone."' 
" If a shrewmouse &11 into a rut, there by a natural 

■ CoL 278 d. ' Col. aso f. 

' Ibid. ■ Id. So Leeohbo. 

■ Col. STSe. • Col. 296 e. 
' Col. 279 e. '• Ibid. 

• Col. 289 e. " Col. 303 b. 

• CoL 290 b. " Col. 304 d. 


" fate be perishee ; ho wrap him up in clay or linen 
" cloth or red rag, and with him go three times round 
" kernels behind the ears ; wondrously quickly wilt 
" ihou heal them."' The following is a capital remedy 
for sore throats; tie about the neck in a red rag 
bound with a tiiread, the following words; uid be 
pure in writing them : 

EISdv Tpiftopfor ^puiriov To»vaSev, 
x«l Tafirapwj(ov [BjoTrrfn]!'] Tou(r«v«8o», 
o-io-o'y f*.g, ffifws vepripai* MfrotTt.' 
Another charm for a kernel, Albnla glandula, pretty 
white kernel, etc. Another, "nine sister kemela, eight 
" sister kernels, seven sister kemela, and so on."' For 
a bone in the throat say or write for an amulet : 
Mij [toi yofyf'ijjv xf^oA^v BfivoTo TeXiufiou 
«£ aiSof TtifL^tun intctyij Utpirtfoyitx.* 
For disease in tbe kidneys, as an amulet xapa^fawi.' 
" In cubili canis urinam faciat, qui urinam non potest 
" continere, dicatque dum facit, ne in cubili suo urinam 
" ut canis faciat"" To cure bites, put your hand on 
the bitten mans belly and say thrice nine times, 
StoIpuB tumbled out of heaven, etc.^ For belly-ache, 
■wear a gold ring with a dolphin engraved, and the 

&tlf xeXiuii ^^ KuiTv koXov xivoti? 
One, who does not want to have belly-ache, must take 
care he always puts bis left shoe on first, and must 
wear on gold leaf 

L * M R I A 
three times written, eto,^ For buboes in the groin, 
make seven knots, naming seven old widows and seven 

■ Col. 305 g. 

"CoL 358 b. 

' Col. 307 e. Tpit«p3, ed. 

viwera in Hebrew. 

' Col. 308 f. 

• Col. 362 e. 

• Col. 309 b. Odyss. A. G33, A 

' Col. 373 h. 

miitun: r>f iolelligible and aniotel- 

" Col. 378 h. 

ligiblenoiiseiueo(HMinatCol.339 h. 

• Col, 379 b. 


ynld beaata, etc.* For cLafing in riding or walking, 
tie to the thigh on paper the word xucroi? For gout, 
hefore getting out of bed in the morning, spit on your 
hand, ruh all your sinews, and say, Flee, gout, flee, 

It will not he out of place to compare here the 
statements of Albertus Magnus on the first of the herbs 
on which he writes in hia treatise " De Virtutibus 
" Eerbarum." It is the hdiotropion. If one gather it 
in August and wrap it up in a bay leaf with a wolfs 
tooth, no one can speak an angry word to the wearer. 
Put under the pillow, it will bring in a viaion before 
the eyes of a mui, who has been robbed, the thief 
and all hia belongings. If it be set up in a place of 
worship, none of the women present who have broken 
their marriage contract will be able to quit the place 
till it be removed. " This last is tried and most true." 

Charms, which act on the mind of the peraon 
cliarmed, always have some effect ; in incantations, 
commonly a miscbieTOus one. Heame, the traveller in 
North America, relates somewhere that being solicited 
by an Indian to give him a charm against some 
enemy, and convinced of the Iiormless folly of such 
sorceries, he complied, and drew on a sheet of paper 
some circles, signs, and words. The Indian who re- 
ceived this took care that the doomed man should 
know it ; he immediately sickened and before long 
died. Heame resolved to make no more magic papers. 

Sometimes faith produces a visible and useful effect. 
A woman who had bad eyes obtained an amulet to 
cure them. Hopeful of its efficacy, she refrained from 
shedding teara, and her eyes recovered. Bat some 
Kealons enemy of sorceries attacked her upon the 
wickedness of getting well in this way ; and prevailed 


OD ber to give him the amulet to examiDe. When 
unfolded, the paper showed nothing but these words : 
" Der Teufel cratze dir die augen aus, imd scheisee 
" dir in die locber," vuiy the devil scratch thine eyes 

out, and in the liolea. As soon as the woman 

saw how she had been amended she lost faith, took 
to tears again, and her eyes became as bad as ever.' 

The Catholic Church of the day, unequal to root Maac miied 
out these superstitious and rarely beneficial ideas, tried ^i[y_ "*' 
to fling B. garb of raligion round them to invoke holy 
names to drive out devils by exorcisms. 

The Saxon leech therefore, had he been as cool M*gic inecpa- 
headed as Hippokrates, as piggish an Epikurean as ^^n^di- 
our friend Horatius, must have bowed before the cine, 
fashion of the day and bemoaned his patients notions. 
Possibly the makers of magic gibberish were as in- 
credulous as men now are in its efficacy : but what 
mattered that? The leechbook must adapt itself to 
its day. 

In considering the special forms of popular belief, it Nightnutc. 
is well that the Nightmare, in which men still believe, 
should come first. Uare in that combination is some- 
thing like Genius, Spirit ; it occors in Woodmare, 
which was the Saxon name for Echo.' From tlie 
accounts we have of the importance attached to its 
effects, it may be suspected that something beyond 
the symptoms of an uneasy position in sleep, or an 
undigested supper, must have been included in the 
term. Yet, while we habitually divest our minds of 
terror by referring this parozj^sm to imprudence in 
eating, it is in itself, while it lasts, an ugly mental 
struggle, and much more like an emissaiy from the 
Bulfdroua pit, than on angel visiting from heaven. 
Scott r^tee some instances of the unwelcome atten- 
dance of onembodied spectres or Mares ; " The door of 

' Wier, Opera, p. 403. t mm tSthr, mucalinc ; lal. Han, 

* QL Cl«op. fol. 33 a. The Ger- I feminine. 



" the room flies wide open ; an old hag enters with a 
" &owning and incensed countenance, comes straigbt 
" up to me with every demonstration of apite nnii 
" indignation, she mahes upon me ; says something, 
*' and then strikes me a severe blow with her eb&S. 
" I fall from my chair in a swoon. To the recurrence 
" of this apparition I am daily subjected." ' Again 
" My visions commenced two or three years since, 
" when I found myself embarrassed by the presence 
" of a laige cat, which cfuue and disappeared I could 
" not exactly tell how. In the course of a few months 
" it was succeeded by a spectre of a more imposing 
" sort. This was the apparition of a gentleman usher, 
" arrayed in a court dress, with bag and sword, tam- 
" bonred waistcoat and chapeau bras ; he ascended the 
" stairs before me, as if to announce me in the drawing- 
" room, and at times appeared to mingle with the com- 
" pany. After a few months the phantom of the gen- 
" tieman usher was seen no more, but was succeeded 
" by one horrible to the sight, the imt^ of death 
" itself, the apparition of a skeleton. AJone or in 
" company the presence of this last phantom never 
" quits me. The patient sank under the malady."' "A 
" man, mentioned by Dr. Kush, imagined that he had a 
" Cafire in his stomach, who had got into it at the Cape 
" of Qood Hope."' I have somewhere read of a genUe- 
man, who must always sleep sitting in a chair, for as 
soon as he took a reclining position, he was attacked 
by a spectre skeleton which throttled him ; even in 
the chair, he would sometimes in hie sleep drop 
down, and was immediately attacked by his firi^t- 
fill sleepmare; he was therefore always attended 
by a man, whose duty it was to wake him when- 

' Scott's Demonology, p. 24. I ' Abercrorabie on the Inlellectaal 

' Ibid. p. 29. The natmtiTes are Powere, p. 319. 

abridged Iicre. | 


ever he began to lose bin upright pOBition. In 
the Hellenic world the Nightmare, as among our 
own forefathers, waa considered as a god or a demigod, 
deus or semideus,* for the physician Soranus denies 
this popular belief, denies that it deserves a place 
among the waflij, possiones, or as men phrase it now, 
that it is worthy the attention of a pathologer, but 
declares it a mere perturbation of sleep.' This calling 
a nocturnal horror by mean names does not dispose of 
its alarms. Themieon of Laodikeia, (B.0, 63,) ccdled it 
riwyaAiaiy, Throttler, Choker, " siquidem pnefocat segro- 
" fcantes."* Others commonly called it the *EipiaXTi]f, 
which means, I suppose, as Actuarius and the dic- 
tionaries say, the Jumper on ; and doctors tolls ns that 
the disorder deserves attention at the very outset ; for 
its perpetuation is followed by insanity or epilepsy. 
Oribasios calls it a strong disease, and anticipates the 
same ill effects, where it comes on every night, dwell- 
ing on those cases, where it has its oiigin in the 
brain. Some of the most horrible of these visitations 
arise from the sympathies of night with mental agony 
in tlie day, but our authorities take no notice of these. 
To this night demon many passages in the works now 
published refer ; not under the exact term Nightmare, 
but as " monstrous night visitors," * and perhaps under 
the general term, " temptations of the fiend." ' The 

' CsliuB ADKliimtui, Chron. lib. t. 
cap. iii. p. !8e. cd. 1709. 
' Somni torbalio, ibid. 

TV' ol liir ir)> hiSfbs uro/idaSai \f- 
■yoveir, fl d«i toS ^atraaiauatai T»ii» 

Tirii, Btiiiaai B) Sii Tw !«iiTDU riy 
firiirTDAuwf rnya^itraTcpoirui^iuutr, 
lawf 1*1 T»8 n'f'i^ir. iiMararai Si 
*tfd roir KpsuwoAavrrai jnl avrtx^ 
irnToCrrai. tdu t) ir Birry yin 
litmt wapoKoXiivOti luircirriiria m 

rapK&hii oiiimicfTiirit wapi riAi jhrniuj, 
irn')'>uiv foinuria usi KaTifAij^'it, iis 
tTrmaitro! Tivbr, fieri tou iSvyariTr 

'Ermi a ^<i>n-iuriof>-riu Hal inoliiir 
jTo^Xim ToC iTariairras, Kol 1^/wJi- 
trlQ}r air mi/ hp^ivBai, piirytu/ 34 
Tuv taKri>MV avraxiirTair. — Panliu 
^ginela, lib. iii. cap. 15. 

* Herbarium, I. 1 ; Medieina de 
Quadr, Tiii. li Leeclibook, lib. iii. 

■ Leecbbook.lib.iii. cap.lxii.,lxir. 


following story is from the Heimskringla : " Vanlandi 
" hight a son of SvegS, -who took to the kingship 
" after him, and mani^d the wealth of the Upealers ; 
" he was a mickle man of war, and he fared &r and 
" wide about lands. He stayed the winter in Finn- 
" land with Snio the Old, and took to wife Iiia 
" daughter Drifa. In spring he went away, and Drifa 
" was left behind ; and be gave Ms word to come 
" again in three winteiB time ; but he came not in ten 
" winters. Then Dri& sent after a cunning woman, 
" Huld, and sent Visbur, son of herself and Vanlandi, 
" to Svithia, the Upsal country. Drifa chaffered with 
" Huld, the cunning woman, that she should bewitch 
" Vanlandi into Finnland, or in the other case, if that 
" went not well, should do him to death. When the 
" witchery was wrought, then was Vanlandi at Upsal ; 
" then he made him ready to fare to Finnland ; but 
" his friends and his redemen bade him not, and 
" said there was the hand of a Finn witch in his 
" ready getting. Then there come upon him a heavy 
" sleepiness, and be laid himself down to slumber. 
" When he had slept a littJe, he called and said tliat 
" a mare trod him. His men came to him, and would 
" help him; bub when they took up bis head, then 
" she trod his legs, so that they near broke. When 
" they took up his feet, then ahe danced upon hb 
" bead ; so that he died." ' 

A still more frightful account of sncb a demon, and 
going beyond these traditions of a Nightmare, yet 
not excluded from the notion of hontile visite from a 
Dwarf, is found in the deeds of Orendel and his mother, 
" Then came from the moor, under a mist screen, 
" Orendel, ganging. Gods ire he borej minded the 
" murderer, of man's kin, some one to seize, in the high 
" saal : he went under the welkin, till he the wine 

■ YDgltnga BagL XPi. 


" chamber, the gold-decked hall, garnished could see, 
" with flagODS f&ir. Nor was that the first time, that 
" he Hrothgara, homtt liad sought : yet never he in 
" old days, early or late, had harder heroes, hall 
'' thanes, found. Thus came then to that chamber, 
" that champion on, that being doomed, at the door 
" he dashed, all iron fast : and when his fingers plied 
" it, they flung it wide, it open flew, the room lie 
" reached ; and rudely then, on the fair ' spread floor, 
" the fiend set foot. Ireful he walked, wrath from 
" Ilia eyes, like lightning glared, a gleam of bale. 
" Then -viewed he there, of valiant men, not a few 
" asleep ; assembled there, a manly band ; then laughed 
" his mood; to deal fae minded, ere day should come, 
" hatefiil awful one, to each one of them, a deadly 
" doom ; then dawned upon him, of feasts a hope ; but 
" fate gave not, that more than one, of men that nigbt, 
" devour he should. Tlie valiant youth, Beowulf be- 
" held, how the demon beast, would' fix Iris gTiwp, 
" with grip of hand. Not that the loath one, thought 
*' of delay, bat seized he soon, a sleeping man, for 
" tnrrt the first, and tore him up ; be broke bis bones, 
" his blood he drank, in snips he swallowed him; 
" soon he had, of the lifeless form, all made a feast, 
" e'en feet and hands; tlien forth he stepped; he Inid 
" hand on, the hero chief, at rest in bed ; raught out 
" at him," . . . and so on. 

To the Trolls of the Edda and to Grendel the light Uwarres in the 
of the BUD would be &tal ; they must seize on their ^' 
victims during the night. Tliis is not so clear of 
Dwarves, nor, of course, could it be true of Mares, 
and in the pieces now published we find the dwarves 
worrying the sick during the day. 

' Wkeoc, •outlXw, variegated, u GT I ' Forpoicd to. 


Tlie light liearted Horatius, who believed nothing 
but what he could eat and drink, touch and smell, 
speaks with fashionable philosophy of the 

" Immundo somnia visu." ' 
The wider observation of tlie medical authors taught 
them that this inconvenience grew in some jiatiente 
into a disease, and the manner of treating all subjects 
belonging to the unknown, which prevailed among 
people whose imaginations wei'e as lively as our own, 
and whose book learning was less, represented, whether 
truly or not, I say nothing, the same thing, as of the 
devil. The earliest plain statement is &om St. Augus- 
tinuB (3S7-i30 A.D.) : " Et quoniam creberrima fama 
" est, multique se expertos, vel ab eis qui expert! 
" essent, de quorum fide dubitandum non esset, 
" audisse confirmant, Silvanos et Faunos, quos vulgo 
" incubos vocant, improbos sispe extitisse mulieribiis, 
" et earum appetissc ac peregisse concubitum ; et 
" quosdam diemones, quoa Duaioa Galli nuncupant, 
" hanc asstdue immunditiam et tentare et efficere; 
" plures talesque a^severant, ut hoc negate impudentiss 
" videatur; non hinc aliqoid audeo definire, utrum 
" aliqui spiritus .... possint etiam hanc pati 
" lihidinem, ut . . . senticntibus feminis mis- 
" ceantur."* 

Women, sensitive to a sense of what Is wrong, and 
anxious to do right, were the quicker to complain of 
and to give a demons form to these unhallowed visitors. 
They were not always trusted ; " Dsemones incnboa 
" et succubos hominibns infestos, ex 1). Augnstino et 
'• aliis patribus cognoscimua [ratker, cognoviniue] ; 
" verumtamen non facile in similibi^ omnibua fides 

■ Also Pope Givgoriut in Bcda, I - An^tut. de CiTit Dei, it. 23. 


" adhibenda, prtecipue femineo sexui, mirabilium for- 
" maram in inu^nAtione suscepturo."' 

Against these impare demons the Chnrch appointed ^^e ciiurch 
Kxoidsts, and that, perhaps, was not the beat method SmSdc?'' 
of getting rid of the torment ; it is anywise not that 
whidi was prescribed by the Hellenic I«t/jo/, and now 
hy our own medical men; for to exorcise a demon 
affirms his presence, testifies to his dangerous powers, 
and does not prevent his return with seven others, 
perhaps, worae than himself. If the Exorcist was a 
jwtaentable person, and not of the severest iciness of 
demeanour, his visits did more hann than good.^ In 
the Church the Ezomst ranked after the subdeacon 
and tiie acolyta 

The carefal Exorcist is bid take note, whether from 
a love of iashion and attraction women have not 
brought upon themselves this affliction as a punish- 
ment from heaven ; in that case they must be admo- 
nished to curtail their expenses in dress. " Yideat 
" etJam prudens Exordsta utnun btec afUctio non 
" infligatnr a Beo aliquando feminis ob nimiam curio- 
" sitatem in veatibua, omatu crinium et simiUbus, 
" quibus non contentse naturali sua pulcritudine, variis 
" fiicis et mediis student allicere viros in sui amorem. 
" Quo fit, Deo permittente, ut fiant ludibrio dsemoni- 
" bus, qnte nimium in sua gloriantur pulcritudine. 
" Tales adducendse ad compunctionem peccatorum suo- 
" rum, et emendationem vitee qua in posterum ab 
" huiusmodi laqueis abstineant, et se componant ad 
" modestiam, humilitatem, et verecundiam decentem."' 

This having to do with a devil is mentioned in the Meation b; a 
plainest terms in the Leechbook, lib. 11. cap. lxi„ Con- ^^'"' "'*"""'■ 
tents, ))am monuum )>e beofol mib hiemeS. Grimm 
says, " if " this be incubus, it is the oldest mention 

■ EjaatUm, MannaliH Exorcismorum, 1619, p, 220. 
' Ejiwtteii, p. 33, " volaptooaa incUamenU.' ' 
•Id. p. 331. 



extant* That it represents to mnowii^eiv is quite 
certain, and as certain that a devil is one of tlie 

So far, these ideas, having something of reality in 
them, were widespread and frequent. The Exordst, 
called upon sometimes to drive out other devils 
beside Chemosh, was a recognised officer in the Church, 
and was assigned his due position and dignity. It is 
much less common to find a woman pregnant hy such 
devilry, and of a pregnant she devil I have never 
i-ead. Hence in the passage, Leechbook, I. Ixiii, where 
the only known significations of peban are — 1. pro- 
creare, gigriere, pa/rere; 2. imtrire, and the second 
is inappropriate, wo may understand the former 
as applied to the iather. The presence of the ar- 
ticle jfone with mannan, in cane a devil procreate 
the man, is somewhat irksome, but no cautious critic 
will ima^ne a new and unsupported signification on 
that account. Qefebeb, Tiati, Beda, p. 565, 29, implies 
an active verb jepeban, gignere. We have then in the 
Leechbook not only the assertion that a devil luemeS, 
that is, tliat a she devil ceopIaS, or that a he devil 
pijraS, with mankind, hut even that of this vile con- 
junction progeny may come. This is beyond the 
ordinary run of opinion. Wier in his curious and un- 
reserved work De Pneatigiis, gives an account' of a 
monk and a she demon, also' of a priest that had a 
succuba, and lie found the ftutli so deeply rooted of 
the substantial reality of these ^vwwriat, haamebjnnj, 
that he, with much earnestness, and with details about 
the Ofi-ny, fitted for a forensic trial, urges matter of 
Eoct investigations, which, he hopes with some awk- 
ward 16, will disabuse people of the notion that such 
demon visits were realities. He mentions^ a birtii 

' Slytbol. p. 671. I ' Pago 584. 

' Page 583. I • Page 630. 



from commerce with a devil, bat this belief evidently 
has not dietnibed him, and cannot have much obtained. 
In tbe consultation of devils to so bring it about, 
that a devil mi^t be &ther of Merlin, it was objected 
that any real commerce with woman was impossible, 
and that the end could only be obtained in case a 
devil should be found who could take the form of 
a man ; and that was done. " Li uns dist : ' De ee 
" ' n'ei pooir ne de semence en feme avoir ; Meis se le 
" ' povoir en avoie, sachiez de voir (de veiv) je le 
" ' feroie. Cune &mme en men povoir ei ki fera 
" ' qnanqne je vourrei,' Li autre dient, ' Nons avuna 
" ' cilec un de noe compeigntms Qni fourme d'omnic 
" ' puet avoir Et femme de lui concevoir, Meis il 
" ' convient que il se feigne Et que couvertement la 
" ' preigna' Ainsi dient qu'engenrerunt un homme en 
" femme et nourrirnnt." ' 

One of the torments with wliich witchcraft worried The Knot, 
men, was the Knot, by which a man was withheld so 
that he could not work his will with a woman. It 
was called in the Latin of the times Nodus and 
Ohligamentum, and appears in the glossaries, translated 
by the Saxons, into lyb, drug, ^pnaxt*, as the evil 
effect mi|^t be produced by such means.' The glossary 
printed by Somner* has " Spadatus vel enudiizatus, 
" behfoob," but read from the Junian copy, which 
Somner used, etmndiizatas, and by behfnob imderstand 
be-lib-eTn-ob ; so that the s^ise is viade a ev/nv^i, 
may be rendered bedrugged; showing that in early 
English times it was believed a man'a chastity might 
be maintained by the administration of drugs in spite 
of his own wishes. To the same effect, from a gl. 
unpublished,* " Obligamentnm lyb, lybsn," that is to 

t Bomau de Saint Orul ; cd. 1 
Fmrnl, p. 43 a, 
* 8m tlie OkMMTf in Fopbqiu. | 


xlii PBEFACE. 

say, pharmaoy will put a man under a knot, and 
render him incapable of hsemeb)>m;. Cures for this 
poisoning are mentioned in tlie Leecbbook,' and in 
the Modicina de QuadrupedihuB. 

An accidental cause producing the name effect is 
mentioned in Med. de Quad. is. 13. To make a 
" ligatura" is pronounced "detestable" by Theodoms, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, in 668. The knot is still 
known in France, and Nouer I'aiguillette is a resort 
of ill wilL An example of such a knot is found in 
the Njalsaga; in the first instance it is spoken of as 
arising from some words, which on an imagination 
prepared to dwell on them, and a diffident mi^ving 
temper, might produce much effect Desire, though 
the strongest of passions, finds no home in a heart 
already possessed with fear, hatred, jealousy, or any 
other great emotion. But in the quotation &om the 
poet of that tragic story, the bewitched impotence of 
the husband is attributed, as in the Sason glossaries, 
to poison. 

The adventures of Hrut led him from Iceland to 
Norway, where he formed a connexion with Ounnhilld, 
mother of King Haralld Grayfell, gi-andson of Haralld 
the Fair haired. By and bye Hrut tired of this queenly 
bliss, and began to wish to return to Iceland. At the 
parting, Hrut said : " Many good gifts have I taken 
" of thee." GimnhUld put her hands round his neck 
and kissed him and ssid : " If I have as much power 
" upon thee as 1 ettle, then lay I that upon thee, that 
" thou may never come at bliss with the woman 
" whom thou ettlest there in Iceland ; but thou shalt 
" well frame thy will with other women. And now 
" neither of us lioldeth to the connexion between us. 
" Thou trustedst me not to tell me." At this ban, 
thus laid upon him, Hrut laughed, aud sailed for Ice- 


PBEFACE. xliii 

Issd, where be married an Icelandic maiden whotn 
name vaa Unna. But before long Unna could endure 
this banned marriage no longer ; sbe rode with a neigb- 
boor to the Thing or parliament, and tbeie she met ber 
iatber. " What sayest thou to me," says be, " from 
" Hrut thy fellow I" Sbe tried sereral times to 
express herself in veiled langu^e, which was, it proved, 
too obscure to convey ber meaning to her &tber. 
But, at length, compelled to speak out, she was sepa- 
rated &om Hrut' 

Unna believed Hrut bad poison in his veins; but 
the spell of Guunhilld might poiaou his imagination, 
as the tale itself seems to represent. 

Traces of this philosophy, for it ia more physiology Knots in T^iin 
tiian superstition, are to be found elsewhere. Fliuius '"IH^^ 
says that sonthemwood is moat efficacious against all 
" veneficia, quibns coitus inbibeatur," ^ Also that the 
seed of the tamarisk mixed in a drink or meat with 
the urina of a castrated ox wUl put an end to venus.' 
Galenos* says that the "priests eat me and agnus 
" castus," it seems, as a refrigerative ; for he says, 
" and BO the seed of rocket with honey and fenugreek 
" given to a man &3ting incapacitates him (ouk ia 
" igicuffioi)." " Maleficionim vero genera mnlta sunt, 
" inoantationibus, nodis, imaginibusque illata. Kam 
" alia bominum mentes perturbant coguntque succum- 
" here vehementibus animi motibus, ut intenso amore 
" ingenito, aut odio eSerato, aut terrore aliiaque animl 
" vexationibus. Alia venereos actus impediunt ; et cet."* 
We find protections "contra maleficiam ligaturte ut 
" vocant." Priests are warned not to make alterations 
in the mode of conducting the marriage service by 

' Sigan af Niali porgtirssjni, I ' I>e Parabilibux Med. lib, iil.^ 
ed. 1772. p. 10. vol. liv. p. 543, ed. Kiihn. 

- Lib. xii. t>2>SI. ' CfCBBlpiDUH, DecQiouum InvMti- 

■ Lib. xxir. 42. I g«tio, Ibl. 194. 



any reason of tbese knots ; " De ob timorem innoda- 
" tiouiB Tel ligaminis alicuius, matrimonia solemnizent 
" modo aliqno ab ordinario loci non approbato," for 
their doing so 'would only rivet the chains of thia 
terror upon the minds of the people, " ne ipsi, qai 
" aliufl ab huiusmodi vano timore, verbo et exemplo 
" retiahere debent, ipsis roali et damnabilis timons 
" exemplum prsebere videnntur." And the same author 
uses the plain phrases " ne impediantur ab ojjere con- 
" iugali ; ad impediendam filionim generationem." ' 

The processes in use for these miscliievous purposes 
were of course secret, both as valuable pcssessions and 
as dangerous evidence againat tlie doctor ; and either 
as actual poisons or as ridiculous trash. But a few 
specimens are on record. " Si quern coire noles fierique 
" cupies Ja usu venerio tardiorem, de lucema quie 
" sponte extinguetur, fungos adhuc viventes in potione 
" eius extingue, bibendamque inscio trade, confestim 
" enervabitut." Again, " Si quern voles per noctem 
" cum fcemina coire non posse, pistillum coronatuni sub 
" lecto illius pone."' 

The wizard, witch, sorcerer, druggist, doctor, or 
mediiune man was equally ready at securing affection. 
He played the part of a sort of ochreous Cupid. 
Inat«id of smilea and bright eyes, his dealings were 
with some nasty stuff put into beer, or spread slyly 
upon bread. I have read somewhere of some agency 
known to Theo&astos, not less potent than Spanisli 
flies," but if the Saxon poisoners need tliem, they held 
their tongues about it. In the warning against ^vitclv- 
craft, however, it is expressly charged that some 
" work for their wooers drinks or some mis- 

' Efnitten, Mannslu Exorcii- 
monini, 1S19, p. 3S0. 

' Marcellui de Mfdicamnitla, 
396 e. 

iwtKflriirSai. — Alheniioi, i. p. I 



" chievous stuff, that they may have them for Trives," ' 

In the Shriil book of Ecgbert, archbishop of Torfc, one 

of their methods is censured, and it is ao filtby, that 

I most leave it in the obscurity of the original old 

English, pip jeo Be menjS pejiej* ysEh on hipe mew 

•j Jwne ^ieg& • ^ heo )iatn pajpneb man J»e leofjie j-i; • 

fffifte heo • in • pintep,' It is necessaiy to quote 

another record of their nasty ways, in a language 

more generally known. " Qiuedam auditce sunt iuc- 

" tantes se sua excrementa propinaBse, pnecipue 

" menBtma, qtiibus cogant se amari."' St. Hild^ard 

speaks of betritched lore as familiar ; " Sed d oliquis 

" vir a muliere seu aliqua miilier a viro, ulla magica 

" arte illnBa iiieritj seu aliquo prestigio illins rei 

*' tacta fuerit, seu ullis fantasiJcis et dyabolicie incan- 

" tationibus coniurata fiierit, ita quod vir in amore -tionam. Ed. 

" mtiliertB aut quod mulier in amore viri sic incuitata 

" insanit, turn hethoniam qiuerat."* The herb will be 

a cure, " si uoUom incitamentum amoris aat come- 

" dendo aut bibendo guatavit" It is also a good 

remedy for love caused by magic words. 

A numa death was sometimes compassed by the arts Deadly deal- 
of the sorcerer, who undoubtedly was a true veneficua, "'^'' 
making np veneua, when occasion required, but who 
was supposed to work by incfmtation and fascnnation." 

The prevalence of superstition is well seen in a 
Doom of king Knut ; " And we forbid earnestly every 
" heathenship; hesthenship is that a mam reverence 
" idols ; " that is, that a man reverence heathen god& 

' De Augnrii*, p. 305, MS. Bibl. 
Publ. Cuiiab. 

' Coaftuionale Ecgberti, g 29. 
Such thing! more genenllj' in his 
Poeaitendale, lib. iv., secL IS. 
A corroborative tllaalon, p. 390, 
tect. 10. See Edgars CanonB, art. 

' CRuIpinut, Dsrannoin Inventi- 

gatio,fol. 154 b. Ctewlpiniis died 
ia 1603. 

• St. Hild. cxxTlii. Betbonia it 
perhaps roeemaiy. 

■ .^^Inuu Dooms, No. 6, vith 
Prices note, 

* Idols, (ttoAo, in the old En- 
i;liA ; vhicb as a Qreeic vord re- 
quired explanatinn. 



" and the sun or moOD, fire or flood, waterwylls or 
" stones, or trees of the wood of any sort; or love 
" witchcraft, or perform bad underhand work in any 
" wise ; either by way of sacrifice or divining, or pei^ 
" form any ruab of such delusions." * Masking on new 
years night in skins of beasts, is said to be part of 
devil worship. 

Saxon women are often warned of the wickedness 
of getting rid of an unborn chUd by abortive agencies,' 
and eepeciaUy by a drink. 

St. Hildegard furnishes us with a tcdisman against 
magic arts ; " dry the toil of a steinbock with ekin 
" and flesh, and carry it in your hand ; you will 
" never be affected by magic (rauber) without your 
" own consent."* 

We are acquainted with the Nightmare,* which, as 
appears fi^m the Qerman Mahr, may be a masculine 
word as well as feminine, and with the Woodmare,* 
answering to the Hellenic, Ilcho, who was a nymph. 
To translate various Qreek words, the Saxon voca- 
bularies mention mount elves, wood elves, sea elves, 
downs elves, land tAvea,' water elves.' The Leechbook^ 
has a recipe for the " water elf disease, when the nails 
" of the hands are livid, and the eyes lacrymose and 

' Cnuts Dooma, t. p. leT. Ct 
Northumbrian I^m, p. 419, art. 18. 
The word iTjihc iQ these pawages, 
tmezplained bj the tormented edi- 
tor*, U eommaoly written iTiihc, 
in the worda jpihcponE, (Lye), a 
dsrivBtiTe of ipihcejiE, (Narratiiui' 
cnto, p. 79). The changed place 
of the B is in accordance with 
phenomena well known in philo- 
lo87t (Example* in Spoon and 
Sparrow, TS9 a.) Thiu in the 
Tolnme now pnbliihed, pope, pain, 
oor Tillage Watt, Ei always written 
P]wc i p. 943, an. IS I p. S46, art. 

IT ; p. 3G4, art 1» I p. 36S, ait fi ) 
p. 370, art 10, 11. 

* De Angnriia g and often In the 
Laws, as Pnnitent Ecgberti, lib.iv. 
«eet 31 i EdganCanons, p. 40e, x. 

■ St Hildegard, de Animalibos, 

* Incnba, UMBpe, ^ C, foL S5 a. 
Thus ftninine, for pnqieTl j InenlniB 
and Snccvba were the latin t«nna. 

' Gl. Cleop., foL 33 a. 

* JlanoDiu mvtat, QL Clecq>,, 
ltd. 108 d. 

' Id. Ibl. 68 b. 

■ ub. m. iziiL 


PREFA.CE. xlvii 

" downcaat ; " the disease is to be cored by herbs and 
an incantation. It has another for elf disease, with 
sevei^ prescriptions, for elf hiccup,* the couvulsiTe 
\ayftas of the Greek medical authors. It has a salve 
for all the Elvish kin, and for nightcomers,' another 
for nightcomers ; * ^[tun, for elves and uncouth, that 
is atrangej company ; * for a elf shot horse. 

To the Latin of the Medicina de Quadrupedibus, Dwtrres. 
the translator haa added' a receipt agiunst a Dwarf. 
These boingB, when offended, were terrible. They 
seem to derive their name &om ^peoji, ^pep, perverse, 
and in gl C." teter is translated buepc. According to 
Grimm, the invisibility of the dwarves lies usually in 
some definite part of their clothing, in a hat or mantle, 
by the aoddental removal or loss of which they 
suddenly become visible. The Dwarf tales mention 
nebelkappen, caps of darkness, grey frocks, and red 
cape, scarlet mantles. Earlier oentoriea employ Uie 
exprasiona hell cap, hell clothes, mist caps, and tarn 
capa' But, as appeara, the dwarves of this book 
now printed, are more like the fearful creations of the 

Many tales were bruited about of the power of StoniMrfti»ed. 
witches and wizards over storms, weapons, spirits, 
lore, and death. I have been assured that at this 
day tiie coimtry folk, some of them at least, tremble 
at the sight of one of these gifted persons, or persons 
of ■ sadi repute, lest by some chance the sorcereiB 
eye lighting on them should kindle in hiin a dislike. 
" A stnmge thing lately happened, as has been ascer- 
" tained in Swabia: a little girl, eight years old, was 
" led by her father, who was a bailiff, to visit the 

> lib. m ixzii. 

•ix. IT, 

' lib. m. 1x1 

• Gl. C, fol. fio s. 

• lib. m. 53. 

' Oriiiuii, D. Mythol., p. *31 , ed. 



d 2 


xlviii PREFACE. 

" fields, and when he complained of the extreme drouth, 
" she said she would soon get up some rain if there 
" were need of it. Her &.ther, in wonder, asked 
" whether she knew how to do it ; she deckred she 
" could get rain, or even hail if she chose. When 
" asked where she had learnt this, she said from lier 
" mother, aad that instnictors in these matters were 
" at hand when required. To learn therefore by trial 
" whether the child told the truth, he bid her call for 
" rain upon his farm. For that purpose the daughter 
" Bald she should wont a litUe water; when then he 
" had brought her to a small stream just by, the child, 
" in pursuance of her mothers instructions, stirred the 
" water with her finger m the devils name ; hereupon 
" the air was agitated and the rain descended as she 
" had predicted. Her father told her to fetch some 
" hail upon another field, and when she had done it 
" the maji denounced his wife to the authorities. She 
" was burnt alive, and the child was reconciled to 
" the church and made a nun."' 

So in the Saga of Saint Olaf, " The Finns made in 
" the night violent weather with th^ cunning sorcery 
" and a storm at sea.'" And in the story of king 
Hakon Hakonarson : — " £ing Hak:on lay in the 
" Southern Isles, tlie Hebridee, St. Michaels moss felt 
" on a Saturday, and on the Monday night, thai is, 
" tlie night before MoTiday, came a mickle storm with 
" wild fury, and drove a cock boat and a long ship 
" upon the coast of Scotland. On Monday the storm 
" was so fierce that some cut away their masts and 
" some ships drove. The kings ship drove also into the 
" sound, and there were seven anchors out, and at 
" last the eighth, which was bi^est, but she drove 
" notwithstanding. A little later the anchor held fest 

' Ctetalpimu Dsmonum loTrati- I ' iTeinukringla, vol. li. p 8. 
gatio, IbL 195 b., A.D. 1S93. | 


" So Diickle was this atorm that men said it was the 
" work of eachantment, and one made upon it these 
" ftkaldic verses: — 

" ' There met the much eearchiug 

" ' msinhuner of war 

" ' the sorcerers arts 

" ' of Scotland^ warlocks. 

" ' Bearing the raging sea 

" ' drove with iw fair bmIs 

" ' many a proud ship 

" ' of the beah giver 

" ' broken on land. 

" ' Blew with its loud bhute 

" ' on the brine skimmers, 

" ' full fraught with warriore, 

" ' fiercely the sea storm, 

" ' stirred by the wizards. 

" ' Up on to Scotland 

" ' scattered and tossed 

" ' broad barking billows 

" ' threw brave men of battle 

" ' with shields and war gear 

" ' shivered and torn.' " ' 
The following story is told of the marriage of Erik, 
son of Haralld the Fair-haired. " When he came back 
" to Finmark his men found in a hut a woman, who 
" equal in winsomeness they had never seen : She 
" named herself before them Gunnbilld, and said that 
" her lather dwelt in Halogaland," HelgeUmd, a kUl 
distrwt in Norway, " ho bight Otzov T6ti. ' I have 
" been here for the purpose,' said she, 'of getting 
" knovledge from two Finns, who are the wisest in 
" the Mark ; now they are gone forth to hunting ; 
" and both of them want to have me ; and they are 
" so cunning that they can follow a spoor like hounds, 
" both in thaw and frost ; they are also so clever at 

' Hdmskringla, vol. v. p. 331. [ rajeing in Brtnib Popular Anti- 
Tben ii Minwthing <m thii Btotm- I quities, vol. iii. p. 4. 



" going on snow shoes, that none can escape them, 
" neither men nor deer; whatsoever they shoot at, 
" they hit So they have destroyed every man ■who 
" came into the neighbourhood: and if they' become 
" wroth, the earth turns upside down at the sight of 
" them, and if anything quick oomes within view of 
" them, it &lls down dead. Now therefore none must 
" come in their way; I must hide you here in the 
" hut, you must try if we can kill them.' They 
" agreed to that. Then she hid them ; she took a 
" linen sack, and th^ thought there were ashes in it ; 
" she took that in her hand and sowed with them 
" about the hut, within and without. A little afler 
" came the Finns home ; they speered what waa come 
" there; she said that nothing was come tJiere. To 
" the Finns that seemed wonderful, for they had 
" traced a spoor all the way to the hut, and beyond 
" found they none. Then they prepared their fire 
" and got some meat, and when they wei'e satisfied, 
" then GunnhiUd made ready her bed. There bad by 
" this time passed three nights, that Qunnhilld had 
" slept, and each of them had kept awake over against 
" the other, for they mistrusted one another. Then 
" said she to the Finns ; ' Come now hither and lie 
" by the side of me each of you.' They heard this 
" gladly and so did : she put her hands round the 
" neck of each of them ; they went to sleep imme- 
" diately, but she waked them ; and instantly they 
" went to sleep again, and so fast, that she could 
" hardly wake them, and then they slept again, and 
" now she could not wake them at all ; she set them up, 
" yet still they slept. Then she took two mickle seal 
" skins and turned them over their heads and bound 
" them down stark and strong over their hands. Then 
" she gave a nod to the kings men ; they leapt forth, 
" they bore weapons against the Finns, and despatched 
" them and dragged them out of the hut. The night 


" after there were audi thonderB of Thor riding, tha^ 
" they could not fare thence. But in the morning 
" they went aboard ship, and had Qunnhilld with 
" them and brought her to Erik. Erik and she went 
" south to Halagoland : he then called to him Otzor 
" T<5ti } Erik said, that he wished to take his daugh- 
" ter ; Otzor aaid yea to that ; then Erik took Gunn- 
" hilld and had her with him south in the land."' 

Again : In the time of Wing Olaf Tryggvaaon, " BaulS AnotlMT a 
" the strong was the name of a powerful and wealthy "°^ 
" yeoman, who lived in a firth in Helgeland, which 
" hight S^Jiti, where is an island hight Qo^y. Bau^S 
' had with him many housecarle, and kept well to do 
' men in his train, since he was the greatest headman 
" in the firths, and many Finns followed him in case 
' he had need of them. Rau6 was a mickle man for 
' sacrifices and a cunning man in witchcraft. .... 
' King Olaf kept his couise northwards alimg shore, 
' and made Christians of all folk wheresoever he came ; 
' when then he came north to S&lfti, he ettled to go 
' into the firi^h and to find Itau%, but storm and bad 
' weather were within the firth, so the king lay 
' without for a fidl week, and it held on always bad 
' weather within the firth, but outside there was a 
' breeze blowing to sail north along limd ; so the king 
' sailed north to Avmd, and all the folk there under- 
' went christening. Afterwards he bent his course 
' southwards again. And when he came from the 
' north to S^fti there was a tempest and a driving 
' sea out of the firth. The king lay there for some 
' nights and the weather was the same. Then the 
' king spoke witli bishop SigurS, and speered, if he 
' knew of any plan to suggest. The bifjiop said that 
■ he must try if God will give him power to over- 
' come the nught of tlie fiends there. By and bye 

' Haiwllds iiaga i-nn Uax^n, cup. xixv. 



" the bishop robed himself in all his mass vestments, 
" and went to the stem of tlie kings ship ; he then 
" had set up there a rood cross, and liAed tapets and 
" burnt incense, and read there the gospel and ' many 
" other prayera,' and sprinkled holy water about all 
" the ship } then be bade them take away the tilt &r 
" avmvng, and to row into tlie &tb; then he made 
" them call to the other shipB, that all should row in 
" after them. Then when tbe i-owers were ready in 
" the Traoa, then went ahe into the firth and found 
" there no wind upon them, where the ships were, 
" and the sea in their track was as smooth as a lawD, 
" so that there was a calm, yet on ^ther ^de tlie 
" sea was running so high that the fells were nowhere 
" seen. Each ship then rowed after otLer there in 
" the calm, and so they went all day, and the night 
" after, and a little b^ore day they came to GoSey. 
" And when they came to RauiSs dwelling, there 
" floated in by land his mickle ship the Drake, or 
" Dragon" (and so on).' 

Beda. liod full faith in the pretenEdons of these 
witches to raise storms. He relates how Germanns 
and Lupus, bishops of Auxerre and Troyes, when sent 
fay a church synod to Britain, were encountered by 
an " inimiea vis dtemonum," a hostile lot of daonons, 
who raise storms and turn day into night, driving tlie 
bishops vessel from its course, and flinging the billows 
over it Lupus calls up Gennanus, who felt somewhat 
disordered by this tossing, and with the name of the 
Trinity and some drops of water the tempest is stilled. " 

Theodoras, archbishop of Canterbury, mentions this 
power of the witches : " Si quia emissor tempestatis 
" fuerit, id est maleficus, vii. annos pxniteat, iii in 
" pane et aqua,"' 

■ Saga Olaft KonangB Irjggn- I ■ Bcda Hut Ecel, L xvii. 
nu, §§ 310,311. I * Penltcntiale Theodori, p. 293. 



It is related ia the Herbarium, in an article on the 
Castor oil plant (clxxvi,), where the name of the plant 
is taken probably from Dioskoridea, and the receipt 
is due to the prorerbial " stupiditas Saxonum," that 
that wort amootheth every tempest. The same is 
delivered of the aglaofbtis (art. clxxi,). 

Herbs generally afforded the Saxons their materials Suon ci 
for healing all bodily infirmities: but they drew some- 
times from animals. Our own medicines oi-e very 
largely taken from what we call the vegetable king- 
dom; but their composition is concealed from iJio 
patient by the mysterieB of preBcripUons and of foreign 
names. A sick man thinks himsdf eRectually tended, 
if he chance to make out that his doses contain 
Taraxacum, Belladonna, Aconite, Hyoecyamus, or 
Ameca, or if he be refreshed with Ammonia; but he 
smiles contemptuously at the herb woman who ad- 
ministers dent de lion, nightshade, wol&bane, henbane, 
elecampane, or who bums horn in the sick chamber. 
Perhaps herbs are more really effectual than we shall 
easOy believe. The locksman at Teddington told me 
that he had broken the bone of his little finger, and 
for two months it was grinding and gruncl^ng, so 
that he felt sometimes quite wrong in himself. One 

day he saw Dr. go by ; and told liim ; he 

said, you see there that comfrey, take a piece of tlie 
root of it, and cbam it, and put it to your finger, and 
wr^ it up. The man did so, and in four days his 
finger was welL This story struck me the more since 
comfrey is the con/irma of the middle ages, and the 
aufifuTov of the Greeks, both which names seem to 
attiibate to the plant the same consolidating virtue. 
Besides the instances in the medical treatises which 
survive, and which are the less characteristic as they 
are borrowed, we find the healing power of worts 
spoken of as a thing of course. Thus, " Nis no wurt 
" woxen on woode ne on felde )>er euure mage pe lif 



" uphelden."' No wort is waaen in wood or vn fidd 
which for ever may mama life uphold. In the Liber 
ScintiUarum, unpublished, the word^ Sicut uenenata 
animalia fortiores herbsti uel pigmenta expellunt, are 
tranBlated, Spa fpa jetetrpube nycenu fcpen^an pypta 
oi5i5e pjpt jemanju uc anybaB;" as the stronger -worta 
or wort miaAwrea drive aivay poiaonoua OAiimala, 
where it was Dot necessary to consider pigmenta a& 
made of herbs. Absurd remedies are not infrequent; 
besides those in tiiis volume, we find shrifts for 
burning com " on the place where a dead man was, 
" for the healing of the living ;" for a woman " if she 
" swallows of her husbands blood by way of a leech- 
" dom ;" " if she set her daughter over a house or in 
" an oven, for the purpose of curing her of fever."' 
Some, for a babys recovery, would creep through a 
hole in the ground, and stop it up behind them with 
thorns ; some to secure health would fiist " in honour 
" of the moon ;" * some would treat a sick child by 
witchcraft, or pull it through some earth at the cross- 
Saxon boiiny. ^6 botany of the Angles and Saxons here printed 
is not free from errors. How oould it be expected ? 
One fourth, they say, of the plants mentioned by 
Dioskorides, has not yet, in 1 863, been truly identified. 
Even our own botanists are often scientifically at issue 
with one another, and are certainly historically wrong 
in setting upon the bilberry family of plants tlie name 
vaccinium, which, as was clearly shown, more than a 
hundred years ago, by John Martyn, professor of botany 

' Proverb* of Alfred, p. 231, ed. I binhop of Canlertmrj, p. 293. 

Kemble. ' " Foramen terne." 

'Fol. 17 b. I * PtBDitentiale Ecgberti, in old 

• Shrift book of Ecgbert, §§ 31, [ Englith ; lib. it. sect. SO. Teofi 

33, 33. FeDJtentiale of Theodoras, i heojia cilti t>uph '5a cojifian ■ i ipa 

p. 298, ult beofle betEeca* hi jylj* t heops 

^FeiiileDtJaIcofTb(XHlonis,Arcb- I beapo. Ue AuguriJa. HS. 


in the Unirermty of Cambridge, and as muBt be con- 
ceded by all of dafisical taste, is the "Taxii4os. PliuiuB 
makefl majiy mistakes ; one is fbimd on page 310 ; he 
is also the author of the error that cypms la privet, 
instead of Lignstrum. No one in the middle ages 
thoQght of questioning the accuracy of this author. 
The translator of a Latin work oontaining names of 
plants into English, had a hard task before Mm, He 
did not, of course, always know what plant was meant 
by the Latin luuna In the Herbarium, art. zxix. 
occurs Ostriago ; the translator made it, for want of 
some better equivalent^ water elder, which it is not. 
What Latin dictionary, now that the world is much 
improved, will give any information on the subject, 
I have not ascertained; the beet I know givee none. 
Yet I cannot doubt the tree is the 'Orrputc, Ourputj 
of Theo&aatoB, the Ostrya of modem botany. It is 
figured in Beichenbach, Flora Qermanica, vol xii, plate 
635. In art. xxv,, ;^Mfut(JXaia, the Dafne mezereon, 
is mistaken for y^sciutiKimv, a stalkleas thistle, and trans- 
lated wolfs comb, which is a thistle, but stalked. The 
error in xcvii may perhaps be a mere sUp, from in- 
attention. In art c., hedera nigra is very far from 
earth ivy. Tribtilus (cxlii.) is not goree; Strychnus 
(cxiiv.) is not foxglove ; ^an^imy^oi (cxlviii.) is not elder, 
Samirueua; Capparis (clxzii) is not woodbind; Inni- 
perus is not gorse. (Leechbook, I. xxz. S.) Among 
these mistranslations that which produced most im- 
pression on myself was the confusion of the Idymele, 
which all its Teutonic affinities make oilt to be the 
hop plant, with the poisonous Bryony. All doubt 
whether our lexicographical concliision is correct has 
been removed by the author of the Saxon book 
himself, for he says of his own motion, not quoting 
the Latin text, but adding to it of his own judg- 
ment, "this wort is so excellent that it is mingled 
" in ordinary drinks," that is, in beer. The bryonia 



The Sixon 

is a well kuown^ hedge creeper, and every cottage 
mother cautioDs her childreu against the poisoaooB 
berries. Our writer, therefore, who has coofonnded the 
two, IB not to be regarded as infallible. His error may 
be Been shared by Lovell in his Herball as late aa 1659. 
It is perhaps due to Flinitis, who, at the commence* 
ment of his 23rd book, has spoken without cdeamess. 
Dioskorides, when he speaks of the white and black 
bryony ' as liaving a irnit clustered as in the gr^pe, 
certainly could not well mean the hop, which does not 
make one think of grapes at all. 

The aw^l halo of in&Jlibility being once removed 
from tlie translators portrait, we are ready to question 
some other assertions of his ; thus, Atterlothe (ilv.), 
to which the most capital qualities are attributed, 
cannot be the cocks foot grass ; nor can Smearwort 
(zx.), which to those acquainted with the early 
Teutonic languages tella a greasy buttery tale, be any 
Aristolochia, but must be Butterwort, PinguicttUt. 

It is, however, too exacting to require of a Saxon 
nine hundred years ^o a &ithfdl Tersion of foreign 
names of plants. It cannot be given now in the latter 
half of the nineteenth centuiy. The latest authorities 
do not agree. 

In Gonadering the composition of the Leechbook, the 
inquiry, how far the Saxons were able to draw from 
the weUs of Hellenic literature will come before us 
in an urgent form. The author of that work takes a 
page at a time out of Alexander of Tralles, Paullus 
of .^gina, and Fhilagrioa. It wiU be much more con- 
venient to state the particular facts when we have 
the Saxon text in its integrity before us. In the 
meantime It is desirable to furnish some materials for 
the illustration of the subject In some sense children 
who learn the meanings of such words as " system," 

' rJb. It. c«p. 18S, IM. 



" scheme," can be said to team Greek, though the words 
do not come in the proper alphabet And in some 
sense our ordinary schohtrs may be said never to have 
seen a Qreek book, since our Hellenic autbors are 
scfu-cely ever printed in the true alphabet, but in an 
imitation of an Alexandrine or Byzantine cursive cha- 
racter, which neither Plato nor AriHtophanes could 
have read to save his neck. These considerations forbid 
our lashing out in liasty declarations that unless proof 
can be produced tliat the Saxons read Greek in the 
Greek character, th^ cannot well be said to have 
read it all. Let as consent to suppose a Greek word 
written in the common English way, and duly under- 
stood by its English equivalent, to be a step towards 
a knowledge of the Qreek language, and we shall find 
that, as proved by the extant ^ossaries, which cite 
Greek words by hundreds, the Saxona had taken very 
many steps, degrees, in knowledge of that sort. Some- 
times a Qreek word is marked as such by the letter G. 
Not rarely we find Hebrew words also interpreted. 

The Colloquium, now well known, was intended as The Collo' 
an academic exercise, to instruct the student, perhaps ''°'!"" ?^"' 
to test him, in some of the less ea^ words occuring 
in Latin conversation. That this was its purpose is 
proved by the words of JE]Mc Bata, who adds to a 
copy of the earlier Colloquium a piece of his own, 
" more difficult," as he says himself By the kind- 
ness of the Bev. Mr. Eld, librarian of St. Jotms 
Coll^;e, Oxford, who permitted me the use of his 
rooms, I have been able to devote some days to the 
Oxford copy.' The Colloquium itself, notwithstanding 
Uie *^hrases of one of its editora, contuns no Saxon 
glosses; it was therefore intended to be set to a class 
of pupils to be turned into English; and the Cot- 

' " Adbnc ego Bata diBiciliorem I hbnry of Climti Church, Cuter- 

" MBtntiam addo." la capital*, barj, la cntalogned m " Locntio 

fill. 96. " Lkiink glosata Anglice ad iiutni- 

' A eopf of oDc of these in the I " endoB pueroi," Waoley, PK&ce. 




Another edu- 
cational book 
by JEltric 

touian copy, which is glossed, fonDS a tutors key, and 
ia an early, for aught I know, the earliest example 
of those wooden legs for halting teachers. The "more 
" diffictdt " piece l^ the scholar of the almost famoas 
^l&ic has a few scattered glosHes, mostly occurring at 
the names of trees and herbs. This also was a scholastic 

At the end of the manuscript, added after ite com- 
pletion, is found a third exercise glossed, and it bears 
somewhat upcm the question of educaUon and profi- 
ciency in languagefl among the Saxons. We ^ould 
remember that what we call claaaics, and authora of 
the golden age, and Attic dramatists, are not the 
whole nor the most practical part of foreign literature. 
The writers who treated of matters ecdeeiafltical and 
scientific were in early days much more valuable than 
what we have chceen. For the improvement of our 
acquaintance with what our fore&thers were doiug, I 
shall print the third {dece, with its glosses, as far as 
I was able, in the bright days of summer, to read its 
blurred and worn recOTd ; and it will be seen that 
Greek words were taught to the students. *' Ah I " 
the self-satisfied may cry, " taught in a way ! " But 
our academic teaching has perhaps some weak poiuts 

■ ne pona fu ■ sEfjie - pexbpeba - jpam 

ne dempseriB> unquun • dipricaf' lace- 
pej'an ■ ealboji- flibenbef pieman- ^ ne 
fOre ■ corcula ■ * labencif ludi • De 

baeji- ne helle ealboji fi gepinii- 

lecere ce pecliB* fanbfipila. neque coparchur ■ ' sit machia^ 
])e f fi haiij ealbop ■ ne ne f i ■ faellepjte fe ne 

nbi quo l!c lerarcbia^ neque fit- cloaca- cibi neqoe 

Oclerice, Bi 

eala ]ju clerc 


O olencfi 

flbou - fleog pa 

n - pigeaa ■» 

blijjie fpaxe 

* Bead oomsIdhi npi 

• ParbApt fetialia, heraldic. 




p • feoh jefcpeon • ne ■ qrepFjH foBef j^mynsie ■ 
Qc • cnceca ■ ' nee alogia ■ > uerum commoDeu: • 

beojibt fqiea{$ mob^ nub fe fop)>aii )>e ne IlibS' 
abflda (icnmonia mentef * t«ctim* qnia uon mordft 

jTi mob tin- Km pinoenc lunoK ne ccofe 

fiac menf ' tn«- CnuT agonithera ' ambaillla ■ ne elegaT 
bleoh bucan heofonlic- fopSan )w jeponafi fe mann* 

cromam/ FrsBcer maximum ■ quia folec uir ■ 

pefim* sob ni[icclum]* Z«IT^2^ jecpinue Iscebom 
efle- deuB mulcum- feccare- gemellam- ouodinm- ^ 

onbjucb j^punion - ceo teq-i |»n feaih ■ fciS ■ ■p ne 

{illegible here) abflT comeu boba ■ '<> ne 

nt^me. >' j^pnca- melaf ^ jief gelomlice gepnnu 

cangBC, Grifpa-'* ch^cefia" cogacup crebro vifta 

gelombc- gefecebner fcafoua- {le j^pice- foSlice* 

freqaenf- Qncbeca*'^ Grammacoa-'* cibi ablifcaS> nero> 
binmyr- mieb Islanej' feop •} bpunbapi placuD;;<is 

Glaqcrana • " ofr« crmem • '* longe bloxaqne bracea ■ 
JlSSaa eabmoblic mnjS- ne ^^epican- ocej^pon- cempan- 
behmg»encIieiea^prorapia* non abfinc- unacenuf- mibcie* 

* AmbuQla, «nf<r, Ol. IridoT. 


•Illegible in HS. 

* Jvwivrlar ; lach erron al this 
TDxj have bam produced bj writing 
to dictation. 

** Boba, vehaRtni riAiir, gl. 

" Kcbpme. 

" Tpofii In Greek, tft '" O'd 
Eogliih, are from one Bource. 

" planms wti reipladmet ; Me 
Ljein^lican. SolA;inioiiai,SS7, 
heora ftulen wteolelj IVuIc gold 
fii)e [celdes ; (Aei> aciUn are re- 
KptauUnl Hit g^d varitgaltd thicliU, 
irhece Sir F. H. takes it not bo. 
Bratea read broctea. In the col- 
lection of glowes, MS. Cleop. A. ill., 
fol. 109 b., from some lives of the 
SsintB, " Bntea fila Te sylbna 
" tpati," geHdtn thread. 

" yXaiKaiia, a discaat o/tlic eye». 

" Kead oj^a cnnunts ; a meal in 
the Jltsh from fumitlaiienl. 

'* dehinc. 

" ijuXiTUtii. Cf. tV veXiTtiiw 
i7inic\jfu'jMi» Kol iiinouaor i*1 tb 
X'-f- I'lftton. 



yafib fe gepmue pah peBgel • leApflbiut • eac rpilce ■ 
xfSi per ce ..... Bmphicapp& ' lacou • ^ nee non 
jmpbab-' )>eaple lu[fi]aS- genffiSa- bpunbapi ptep -j 
badonola biamont** effipiam-' fcragulam per- 

jebpSFebne bpanc ] beoppupSe peaj - hipebef 

tnu-bacamqne ^ propomam-^ fcragaU precexca* aulica' 
bejimen ■ bpuctS pip- healp mene ac bi)> fceamLce 
cura ■ ucitur mnlier anabola* fed abacicar 

bpocen- heo jepijiS bpo8 eac fpi'*'^ 1>P'P unha- 

Ip(a cSnuenic apozima'*> nee non placenca inna- 
lom- eala )>n clepc pefe fa lapeop jeleapeb f an" tie 
Iidif • cleponoma '* muneos • eodruT " dilTercur unfique 
p 9n to gal- ))onne fu healbef hopf on cobbe* 
baud fif laiormf '* cum teneaf Jppof" fifoo 

jjola fi naman jemynbliefce '■ f 8n [beo] gylbenmuCa 
careaT nomine limphacict at JxT- cnfolbomur'^ 

fficd Sa bible fegn gehealbe maS bihle fppece ye ;epuna 
adJjf appocnfanof'^ feruef of aponihior'* tibi coubccb 
Su kininj p^pe •} mppitepe beo Su miSSengeapb 

basilenf*" abscemiaf aacigraphoBqae ^i esco- cofmogra- 
tobelent -j beo pa emplatenc Jim ■ ne p ])a nacob ppam 
phaf " eacoqne cacafcopaf** cm . ne flf gimnuf « ab 

> iii^trinis, rcrrrrtlBis Ifi^uuUAoii 
(HetjchioO' B«>td hpeasel. Am- 
phitaba, » Ktrague parte uiHota 
tt^ttU. Isidor. OrigiDes. 

' Bead Inpebjia. X^kw. 

' A litter. Baoadola, Itctiu quo 
m itiiitrefertiir. 01. Indor. Baio- 
udIs (al. Baanula) «m Ucttu qui m 
itinere haialatur. Id. Origines. 
BKb la hen, and elaewbere some- 
dmea, the same as bcbb ; jofi is iter. 

* Bead deanuuit, deipirat^ love. 
[p] ta doabthl. 

• ^^inria ; on sauB^a Me the 

■ The word is donbtftal. 

■ oiAiici. 

' irajBoAq ii a woman* linen gar- 
matt cooerijig Ike head, not ntd^ce, 

" Read ne t ±n bo ne. 

" xStpci ; the leiue aingned 
teems taken from the raaca Theseide 
Codri, miaapprehended, 

" nzoriiu. 

■' rrrDui. It aj^wan that this 
meBDB laticulot. 

" Bead -learejr. 

" From liir<{i[f>v^t BOEWering to 
Secretaiy. See Do Cange. 
■■ hpapur/wis. 

" brrlypapoi. 

" KoroiTKOirifi. 




nnalepeblicum -} beo )>u ^eoppebbc ■ ealbop ^elomliec 
mlicicif Hrque biotcicuf auccor- celebref 

cibembplatenc Jieoppie lap- ■} beo )»u lapeop- -j hape fa 
orofcopur' acrizimum^ ef cu bibafcaluf^ hab«afque 

[lahne fapien on bebbe -j fpam ^epice j-e betqiblej-e - ac p 
amphiballinm 3 m choro-& abfic • epebur*! fed He 

hen^efc genihtrumienbe ^epite yo eapblnfienbe • ]Jola pu 

concerior- T habtmbe cibi abfic amaGuf capeaf 

peran pefie ■] embrpecenbe fcine pexbpeb on 

fope cemcuf atque penprafcicuf^ niteac abbachuf* ma- 
Iianb -J ]-cine sobcunbfpec mutSe papna ya bepan baspe 

Dui atque mceac i!lieologur "* on • utdeaf rerre bac- 

je|-£eli2lice |>e p^cce- ne p |in cofcencenb jepeb 
caalam" fauBH ce cloacte hadUf prodignT obliqunf 

Bue^ebe facenpit popbnh fa pa bipneplican ■ helle 

molocalmnr '* aubdolaf mcef ludibnum borach- 

lylij pa pje ■ puniaa peopp peapenlcopa 

rum- 14 feccarB cropheum •>* fceuc procnl amphicheacnim '^ 
fe eac fpilce eahpunba - xoHex k^nnaS ancxAimnyfie "j 
cibi nee non egilopia-'^ nam generanc fcnipuliim 

* iifoaiiiint. 

* iMpiiv/mr, Rend hlof. Acro- 
simuB pftnia, leniter firmtataltu, g\. 

* i/i^luiWot, by letter change : 
■0 Da Csnge ; aee Spoon and 
SpoTTD*, art 391. CamaBiu, atiifi- 
noZfiu, gl. Igidor. 

* ^0ot. The painful tale ang- 
gtsted ia panlleled by a pusage in 
the R^ularia Concordia, as printed 
■t tbe end of Eadmer, p. 191. 
The Saxoni, itvill be otwerred, 
did not e 

gnage of crime, fbr amaaioa ii in- 
oorrectlj token. Ephebion, locia 
omMlmpraiiimiii piurorua itaber- 
bitm, gl. laid. 

* rtpi^pcurruiit. 

' Sdaf, dftkwf, abacut, 

" Baccaolnm, a bin-. Du Cange. 
" Bead ne aia 7 

" fiipoBpoF, 

^' dfi^itiaTpar. 


jeppiSaS j-eo fcine healf mene beophte- ' jolbe- 

uexancef pnpillas niceac anologium ' fcanbico obrufQf-* 

mu)>e- Lepenber pojibuh |>u rpihpeolne ji^e onph 

ore ■ docencif- beclina birocum bnuiinm * accapico ■ 

ftelbefcol htifA )>u picen ptec pice |>u healp s^mec- 

cliocedrom • ^ hsec liabe cuUenm' TciaT diametra*? 

n^e pa fjuectcopa popejvcce fa healp i^pr* )>oiiiie 

nerci- ergaitala- ApponaT emifbichium - > cum 

p« ppicefc cpa fepf bpinc oj: pinfiDce jepaaa pplncan 
fcnlpes bifcica^ liba «noforo i" faefce loxare 

mi2e)>aii lupa )>u ft [fqi] |:eiia hup -j haca fa hocunje ■ ge- 
locium bilige cu [x]eDodochuiii " obique ' zeloc^pia'^ scrm- 
ppiSe heonene ecec pec olSSe ;emec |>ia hup j-i 
gacur hiDg acecabulo Teu congia canm boma '* fie • 

orceapb '* hi|)efa«[j-] . jyiic opceapbajr 3flbafeiilic[e} epplum 
pomeriiun curti fane pomaria congrna malif 

peine puppnpaii on cipce " pi mix peoyi gepeccan 
fulgeac ol^nun ec[c]l«riif flc olecnm longe- fcacnanc 

opepC8p"7ihan fe ptypian pinbap bpmc mopeC f pleo 

predia quala cibi agicenc flabra poca dtamoron " uc fligiac 

nebbpe feop popbj'ge ]>u eall ptetJin (lanon on- 

gorgon'* eminuf- fpeme cu olon'* placon*" quacinur il- 

' An error. 

' ata^-eyiutii, a UcUm, Lectmm, 

aiutlogiiM, mtptr quo legitur, gL 

* obnuu, I6pvi»f. 
' Bpafiftay. Chariot radng ii then 


* nX^BiSfa 7 or wbM ii Ou exac 

* CdUcqb, tmika tx iparto i 
nudum cmmena/acta, qua laubatur 
a popuio pict el ftiAoMne, etc, etc, 
gi laidor. 

" {(Mloxtwr ; hnp MS. 

" ft|AiJTtnr(o. 

lA fiptiv, a JrmA of nalberrji 



lihtS ytei )>e gebeojifcipe leo^e fa • heolj: fcylb pf ]>u 
liilcT& odon' te linpoIU^ uigeaf cemefon^ fl non 

ne mihc j-cylblffi]-- no ne jepite pube peoh f fceme* 
porer infonf nee abUcque lucar-^ quo flagrec> 

Ipichof rpemilTe J»e beo fu jemynbij mebjilban. 
lar> < neccar cibi eeco memor cai ^allonis.^ 

Wliile iliis sheet was in proof, most happily arrived 
a comnnmication from Ur. Henry Bradehaw, of Kings 
College, Cambridge, forwarding a copy of the same 
piece, tending much to the better understanding of the 
wordd and sentences, from a MS. in the Univeimty 
Library, formerly belon^g to St Aogostines, Canter- 
bury, where it was difitinguished as " Collectionea 
" com A." 

Clerice - dypticas ^ Uteri ne dempeeriB umqaun ; 
Corcnla^ labentis litgias ludi fore."'' ne te 
Letetar fedus" Bandapila?'^ neque toparcha" 
Machia'4 git tibi quo ierarchia'^ neque cloaca.'* 
Non enteca'7 nee alogiai'B uerum abelda*^ tecmn 
Conunaneat^ mentes acrimonia.'' ^' non qaia mordet 
Agonitheta*' tuus- fiat ambaeilla^ tui mens. 
Ne uraneum*^ preter cromam^'^ legat- is quia muitis 

* nr/iwiaui; gebeopfecipe, MS. 
' ri faany. 

* S«e pKiinplariiim FvTalonim, 
H*relok, S90. 

* LocKT. mctigal quod ex lucis 
amlTahitiir,g\,mDaC»iige. Lacar, 
Btetigal tngatio qua fiebat in bicli, 
gL Indor. 

* l4r tor Lardorinm ti nnpre- 
cedented : it vill ho^Terer bold for 

' Gallo, ii then kirtd urvani, not 
wlmt it il called ia the ^owarieB- 
" Be qolB preib;ter fooaiiam ha- 
" btat . . . •lioqaintdant m prios 
*■ mraiitM gtlloDii wntcntU alli- 
■■ gttoa." StitiiiA apod Dn Caoge. 

■ Glraud i. tabeUia. 

* 01. princeps Indi. 
"> GLeBSe. 

" Gl. obMenns torpis. 

" GI. baccanliu. 

" GL princ«pi nnias loci • I. dia- 
bolus hfrebi. 

" Gl. pngna. 

" Gl. Mcer principatna. 

■• QL ftwaa tartari. 

" GL peeimia. 

" Gl. conniainm. 

•• Gl. Indda. 

«■ Si>,M8. 

" GL oigoT aniini ■ corpons iu- 
duttria- neiftrocitai. 

" i. preiiator. 

° GI. nanter. 

" Gl. celestem. 


Esse deuB eolet; anodiam ' sectare goroellun •, 
Sistere BiDchophanta ^ uerere .' Boba * tamen adeis. 
Griffia* te t&ngat- corcheeia-' togaque^ crebro; 
Orammaton^ siDtheca* frcquens? eistat tibi loDge; 
Absietat nero glaucoma:'^ criminis ofia-,'** 
BraMa" blatta'* debinc encletica '* prosapiaque •," 
Mititie xpi per te nullatenus abBint-, 
Amphitappa '^ laon" extat? badanola*^ necnon-, 
Efflpiam '* diamant •" stragnlnm •"> pariterqac propomam •, 
Agagulam22 celebs aginat:'' pccudes nee ablundam;^* 
Effipta*^ & stragnla pretezta eat aulica^ cura-, 
TJtitar anabola*^ mulier- sed abutitnr^ ipsa-, 
Conuenit inualidiB apozima-^^ necne placenta ■,*" 
Cleronome" codrus'^ maneaa** unaqne diasertus ■,*■• 
Cum 6800** teneaa Jppos.'* uxorliie'' baud** sis-, 
Nomine limphatici^ coreaa . cnsostotnus^" at sis; 
A[K>ertBaruB ^' ades- aforisinos^ oa tibi Bcrnet-, 
Basileiu*^ coostes-^ abstemiuB-** aQtigrapbusqae -i^ 
Coemigrapbus ■ *' solumqao tui catascopus^ esto-, 

' Gl. nwdicinain. 

' G1. ealampautor. 

' QL oebtmeni robottiu. 

' Gl. littennim. 

* f. compoiitio. 

* Gl. ealigo ocalorum. 
w GLniMM. 

" GL auri luuiiu. 

" OL pnipon. 

" GL inc!iiuit)Qa. 

** Ql. hnmUii . nobilii. 

" GL tapete nndiqiie iiiUonim. 

" GL lilconmi popnlonimne. 

" GLh 

" GL 

■• OL nilde amut 

" GL nestem plctam. 

*> GL elaram potionem. 

** Gl. lenocinotoTem nel lenoneni. 

" GLftigat 

" GL pJeam. 

* QL gcaai i 


" GL pnhtina. 

•inuOe- I. 
• GL aqua c 

a nariis eocta cc 

* GL pnJtiB. 
" QL clerice. 

" GL poeta aobilU. 

" GL lit. 

" QL peritDi eloqucDa. 

• Gl. M 

" GLbr 

'• GL ut Bii. 

" i. canceUarini feriptor, 
" QL mondi deMriplor. 
* OL exploTBtor. 



Gimaas ■ ab inlicitia • ne sisqae bioticus * actor -, 
Acrizimnm ' celebrea^ oroecopus-' eaque didoBcuB-,* 
Inque thoro amphiballum ^ habeaa.' effebus^ et absit-i 
CanterinB^ sed habnnde tibi- aed amasiuB'o absit-, 
CerrituB" caaeas fore:' perifrasticna '* atqne*, 
AbbachiiB " manui niteatqae theolc^B '* orl -, 
Baccanlam '* faaste '^ uideas '' te ferre cloace -i'^ 
Prodigosf '* obliquuB-W monotalmuB.-'*! subdolna** baud" bib-, 
Ludibritnn nites baratnim • ** sectare ^ tropheam -.^ 
Amphileatra^ procul tibi stent- ^ilopia^ oec Hon* 
Nam Bcrapnlum** generality pBiche-^' neiantque" pnpillafl. 
Scandito analogium- crisis^ nitet ore docentiB; 
Dccliua birotnm** brauium'* capito.'' ac cUothedrwm;** 
Cnllenin*' babe* diametral Bcias- ergaatuls" nesci-, 
Apponas emiatichiam ^ cum distica^' BCnlpoa-,*' 
Enoforo*' liba- lotium^ laxare sneace-, 
Diligo tu zenodocbtum • ^ zelotipiamqne odi -, *^ 

' 01. nada* ■ B[elticet] bIb. 

» L imittre. 

" L Undem nictorie. 

• GL panem leoiter fennenu- 

" GL loca ipectaouU nbi pogMBt 


* GL Iionniin inipector. 

» GL angorem. anxictatom. 

- B[dU«t] egitopia. 

' OL blirnm ondiqae aiUo.wo. 

« GL anime. 


« GL alUdaQL 

■ OL eqaoi E^dlicet] ut 

■* GL aurum. 

•' i. curniin dnamm rotamin. 


» OLcorouiD. 

X GL labDla pictoria. 
" 01. dininas bctido. 

" GL QB> pio« oblinitnm. 


>» i. ftretnim. 

» GL loca exiUi [/«■ bad ,laeu 

'• GL fclicior [feUciter]. 


" propri[»m]. 

" GL dfmldium oemim. 

" GL tome. 

" J. dnoa aenoB. 

" GL wribes. 

' LdlslOTtlUI. 

" GL naae uinario. 

« GL luHiu. 

" GL nrinam. 

" GL damoB in qoa panpereB «4- 


lignntar (quo, MS.) 

« Lin&nwni. 

« >. odia. 



Htnc acetabiila' doma tuum can congiti* etriiigat-, 
Pomerium* curti^ pomaria^ congrua maliB-,' 
Fulgeat ecclesiis oatrum>B longe sit oletum-/ 
Predia qnala^ tibi ststuont ^ agitent^ flabra >*> flagra-," 
Eminna** ut gorgon'* fngiat. pota'^ diametron -, 
Speme ptaton'' olou:"* eimpoBia*^ qustenus odon>'^ 
Te laatret temeBOn '^ uigeaa si non potes insons.' 
Lar*" tibi quo nectar flagret.^"' lucarque** nec absit-i 
Gallonis** memor eato tai • ambro** timeto cierij** 
Mulio^ strabo*^ tutu neque Bit.-" Deque agasou^ inermis-, 
Abbaso^ quo fuerit- (sit hinido^ frequens" comitata. 

The piece which I print next is called the Lorica; 
of its existeoce in the Cambridge manuscript, I was 
first informed by Mr. Bradshaw, who has more than 
once freely discussed the subject, with the aids to the 
interpretation of it, for my information. It is with 
Mr. Bradshaws consent, and by help of books lent me 
by him, that I now print and annotate. The Harleian 
copy came in my way while engaged upon the Leech- 
doms. The Latin part has been printed in Germany 
by Mono ; also by Daniel, with two conjectural and 
wholly mistaken interpretations ; with glosses from an 

> 01. nai quo Uttat aeetun. 

>• 01. totnm. 

' 01. menmra. 

■' Gl. eonujuia. 

' GL locna dbchiu. 

" MS. M, gl. uia. 

* 01. mridiaria ; to die Muue ef- 

" GL mediu. Kmu (MmU, MS.) 

fect in ma^in. 

■ 01. penu*. 

• Gl- pomiB. 

" GL redoleat. 

• GL purpura. 

" GL pecunia flidtur [e] luci»- 

» Gl. mereennarii. 

' GLcorbes. 

• GLmoueant. 

= GLuooarL 

'• 01. urate. 

" GL cnrtoa mulorum. 

" GL luKQB uuelouB. 

" 01. longe. 

" Gl. pronisor equonim. 

■ GLdomuiinfiim.. 

» GL bibe. 

■ 01. saaguisuga. 

■• GL lutmn. 

" GLasddna. 



Irish MS. by Mr, Whitley Stokes, who has had tho 
assistance of Dr. Wright in making out, to a good ex- 
tent, the Syriac or Hebrew words disguised in it The 
mere presence of two glossed copies now first printed 
will dear up some difficulties, and one or two words 
I may perhaps myself have rightly guessed. The Irish 
HS. of the Latin text declares the composition to be 
written in hendekasyllahic verse; but lest a purer 
classical taste should suppose that by this term the 
" heudecasyllabi," or Fhahekians of Catullus have 
been emulated, the opening lines arranged with due 
regularity may be taken as a specimen of the rest. 
It will be seen that they are scanned by the accents. 

Soffrogare, qaiBBO, michi posBito 
Magoi maris uelut in periculo, 
TTt non secum trahat me mortalitas 
HuiuB onni neqne mnnili uanitas. 

The Irish MS., " in the opinion of Dr. Todd pro- 
" duced in the latter part of the fourteenth century," 
tells OS also, that " Oillas hauc loricam fecit," and 
" Laidcend mac Bfiith Bannaig uenit sb eo in insolam 
" Hibemiam : transtulit et portauit super attare sancti 
" Patricii episcopi sanos nos &cere, amen." The Latin 
text of the Cambridge MS. is of the eighth century ; 
it was not intended to be gloBsed; the glosses were 
introduced afterwards in a small hand ; * the earher 
ones marked with an asterisk belong to the end of 
the tenth century, the others to the eleventh Its 
readings agree closely with those printed by Mone ; 
errors and alL By one or two mistakes in the glosses 
of MS. C. it seems probable that they wa» a tran- 
script, and as the newer are sometimes written above 
the wrong words, the same may be concluded of them 

< Hr. Bndghaw UunkB the glosKs cotemporary. 


MS. Bibi, PabL Culab. LI. I. 10. fbl. *3. 

e/ /„a4- I'll. P&nc luncam lodmg caatauic cep m omne bje 

jemikra fio Jipjiier fio auner Jnepo annerre xemilcfa 


ic bibbe me sefeccam [»|- micler fpa fjv 
cBimcas- Suppp^^B quaejjo mihi popro m^if* m^ni uelac 

on fiiecennejre jKecte n6 mib bim jecio me pSl* 
in pepiculo- Uc non recum cpab&c me inopcalicaf 
fyfer zeapef ne mibbanje^bef ibelner ^ fsec iloe 
buiuf bqui • Meque mtmbi uonic^ ■ ee boc ibem 

ic bibbe fpoBX yaia bjbj^an )Nun biopncunban comppepobej- 

peco a' rablimibuf caelelbip milinae 

ms^um JijUbj' me foplsecon co flitenne fionbum ac je- 
uipcutnbnr i*^ i>>6 linqnant lacepanbnm boftibu)" Seb be- 
fcylben ro|jbGe piepnam Tcpansum Sfec hio me fopejanjan on 
fenbuic lam apmif fopcibup eC^ ilb me ppecebanc m 
fepan ftef biojenbcan i>epober pij )>peBtas piftwrnef jefylnej-* 
ocie ctelejTij' exepcicur mibrme. Chepuphin 

5 sober lufon onbffipnuej' Ibpenjeo jober ' 

ec j^paphm < cum milibuf mibahel et jabpihel ^ 
jebcum IC pyfce )>p7m[%cter &i bfi^enban beben^Iaf 
fimibbuj-. Opco chpouoj-* uiuescef Aiicbanjclof 

eolbopbomar ] bojuSmibca en^laj- f me py tSiccaa • " 
ppmcipacur ec pocefcacef Anjeloj-- Uc me benfo 
;^efcylbenbe pepobe fionba ic mceje gefyllan fyppan 
bepenbencej- A^mme , Inimicof ualeam ppo]T:epnepe • cum 
ponan o8epe cempan* heabfebepaj- ^ J>a feopep Titian 
bembe cecepop Ajonichecap. pacpiapcbaf- quaccuop 

' tjimirw, H. ' Thlg inteipretation ii i 

■n correct. 

> msiiiTToanm, H. 

, jj, jj * IlieronymuB Snterprols an 

' " Scientia mxltiplicatii." St ' ec m. 5., C. 

Ilicninfmiu; but see Spoon and 'Bfitavs. 

Spuniw,tut. 1010. ' 3icc only in older band. 



fiopep fcipej- fCK^Q " 

quBceji ppophetar ■ Apoflolo)- ' nauif xpi ppopecaf •* ec 
ic bi&be cempan* -p me fuph hio 

maptypej- cmnef peto Achlecof' fcei. Vz* me pep illof 

ymbfylle -j eal yjel jpotn me jepice" 
raluf^ l^piac Acque omne malum a me pepeac xpj mecimi 

pepe" tpnme* fasrcnie* ] ]ia fpeapcan pepob 

paccum pipmum pepiac cimop cpemop" tecpaj- cupbaf 

abpeje j^ mib fj un|)uphfciocenbltcpe jefeylbDeffe 
reppeac- Deup Inpenecpabili ' ruteU 

te^bpanan sefcylb me mib mibce mine)- " lichomau • 

QUbique me bejenbe pocencia- CCei jibpae^ 

leopep* ealne jej^iia* Sjne* plsejrcelbas • jefcylbenbum 
pepnap^ omnef libeps cuca'" pelca " ppotejence 
anpa jehpylc • f fa fpeapcan biojdu on mmpe fibon 
fin^a. Uc non cecpi'^ b^moaef In lacepa mea 
cueccen* fpa fpa jepamaS tcfcuj hnoll* heafubponnaii * 
libpenc uc folenc lacula'^syjpam'* cepbaleml^ 

mib loccum* ■] Sa ejan* onbplican" cunjan* coeSf 
cum lapir '" ec conar '^ pachnni '8 lijaniun "* ■ Sennaf ■> 

' xiL, H. ioscTtB, wTODgly, 

• Et mBTlirea omnes peto iitlil(>ta», 
Atque adiuro et uirgines umnts, 
Uiduu fidelei et profteeorea, 

Uti . . . . IrbhMS. 

* mpna, H. adds. 

* Coliu tremor, Irieh MS. 
' -bilii, Iriih HS., vone. 

' *Q], ^" ; " bMniniB," Iriah gl. 

• " ArtoB," Iriib MS.; " latera," 
gl. Bp. Diefenbach. 

oa, H. 

" " iacols is a qoadrisjllablc." 

'* Syspam, Ibe ikaU or top 0/ t&t 

forehead, Irisli gl. Qi^iiapr, cojia, 
gl. aeop.*, fol. 45 b. Gisjia, fe 
jrlffifc co|) piliirjTan |>one 'cox. Id., 
Tol. 46 c. Head STTSIuni ? f(,r 
in^ neck. Scojia glosgea Trichilo, 
tlmt U, Tfixtf^y 

" 1]^ IB a coqjectnre of Dr. 
Wright, a* by error for Siaris. 

" Ferfaapt from wij giving the 
initial a gnttnral Bonnd ; " ocnloe," 

" The forehead, Iriah gi. \}^ k) 
" patho." 01- " patha," 01, vultut, 
fixciea (Dr. Wright). The first 
hand ja C wrote onphEe. 

'* If read liiunam, wJU be 
Semitic) and bo another MS. 

" From Jlj? 



-j 8a iMBjISyiiel* fpipan* bpeoft* fibftn.* lenbana* 
Atque michin^ ' ct&bam ^ cpftijum * mabianum * caliaf ^ 

C«eoh* mibipnan*' "i Cpa " tonba" minum foflice 
bachmft' ezn^iam Acque bmaf Ibumnj'-^ CQeo ep;o 

heofulan • 
cum c&pillir B uepcici galea falncif eSUt • Capici |:poiici "> 
ejan -} bpejene pam j>py|:ealbftn nebbe • peolupe • onryne 
oculif ec cepebpo tpifopmi- Hofcpo labio^i faciei 

Sunnpenjan * ciane * beapbe ofepbpuum * eapum hetqo- 

tunpopi CCenco b^bae BUpepcil[i]if Aupibu{- ^e- 

Iptnnum * pnepum* ntBrjpijTlan • nopi fion e^hpisjum* 

nif baccir Incepnajjo . uapibur pupillif pocif 

bp^Bpan Ofep bpuum* cotSpeomum * opoSe* cescum -j 

palpebpij* Cauconibuf '* S'l^ST " *°'l* '* maxiUif «c 

joman hpteccunsan* >^ hpffioean 

fajacibui* beutibuf linjue opi uuae j^^^'^P' 

Spotbollan* tunseCpmn * (piopan heafabponnan * 

Supjilioni et fubbnjute cepuice capicali i* 

■ The IriBh gL girea michiDu as 

Bomelhiiig Dolmown belongiog to 
the teeth. Muxr^poi, perhapB. 

' Second hand rpiopsD. Perhaps 
Arabic kadhalnn, Syriac kedala, 
ntek, cenAi, Dr. Wright Chsla- 
dnm,DamutadtMS. Deqaicaladnm, 
anoAer MS. Ferbaps, D'pVn hitis 

■ Another MS. Mnft-on. Ills then. 

* " latos," Irish gl. D*St) ? 

> entraiU, Irish gl. 

■nucsepna, H.; 5e«ciiicio,gl. C; 
Sihrmsn vel raicseim, gl. Cleop., 
fol. 31 a. ; also Exlgla, s^rcinco. Id., 
fid. 34 c. ; sIbo gnanco, fol. S4 a. 
Is it not AxQugia, fat ? MicgepD 
meauB houie of urine. For the Teat, 
c£ "Extk lefenco 1," gl- Cleop., 

fol. 116 b, and iatn, p. lixii. 
The glosaariea make conAuioiu be- 
tween the kidneys, the tat about 
them, and the IntGHtinef. 
' liight or Kaitl, Irith gl. BoSfuif, 

' o:y, 

' reapnlif, H. 

" hneopilan, C 

11 labrne, C. i labie. H. 

1° Tatonibos, W. S.: Tantones, 
palpebra:, gl. Isidor. 

" isoif, H.; read pnp™. 

" Bead anbtln; see Dn Caage. 

'* Correcti tonjw iff the tiroal, 
uvtda. Somner and others JbUow- 
ing him are quite irrong. 

" to the/orelootA, Irish gL 




fpipan" 3piiT:i»n» jercylbnej]^ Jjonim 

ceucpo* capcil^ini collo clemenf Abef^ cucamine- Deinbe^ 
pef Su bTpne Tio j«faealb[»p:^ ymb Iioma mine 

ello' Inpica cncirpma ep;s membpa e|i^ mea 

innoSiif fee )*u ^aye* fpom me iSa an^efepenhcan flejeaf 
uifcepa Uc pecpubap* a me Inoif ibilef Subimi * 

medlar 9a pefcniaS J>a hacienban jefcylb . jxpoo^pe 

claaof quof F'SC''^ obibilef ■ Ceje epjo beuf fopri 
eaxla mib sefcylbpum -J eapma 8a elna 

lupica humepof cum fcapulif ec bjiachia ■ Ceje ulnar 

mib peSmum* f«re' bonbbpyba Fin;^jiar mib 

cam cub]]-< ec mauibnr pu^nar palmaf bijicof cam 
ftaa nRglum bone bp^;* -j 3a pib mib Jiam lioSmn 

unjuibu]- Ceje rpmam^ ec coltaf cum Ajicubup 
biec bpycj -j fma mib Sam banum Sa hfb 

cepga bopfunque ec nepuof cum ojjibnj- B^eje cncem 

Innbteosum • liuppbaan " epfenbu • mib )>Bm 
ranjumem cum peDibuf cacacpm^^ nacep cnm 

Set^jelfficum homme* fpeopubpan* ^enicalia' mib Jiaia 

femopibuf Ueje cambaf '" r^P^F femopalia " cum 
cniepum'* pA hpiopfban -j f& cmopa belan * 

jenuclir poplicef ec jenua. Ce^e calor cum 

pconcum* belum * pconcan* pec lUa* mib |>am 

cibiij- ec calcibuf cpupa pebej- planci^ium com 
jTtBpum celjam emnpeaxenbe mib ciinum 

bafibuj-" C*5e pamor concpefcencer becief cum mencajpif '< 

■ea9C)>0,H.i chantnim, gL It. TS. 
Cteop. seb. al re tfiorboU*, aB the 
throali probably x^i"^'- 

' pomitie, W.S. 

' «Bto mihi, H. 

* pecanhaj-i H. 

* Baber, C. oo enmre of the old 

* cubif, C.H. all fbr cnbidB. 

Irlih gL; cica- 
^iiiu blcitemina mea, gl. C, which 

" gambai, W.S. 

" the upper thig/it, Iriih gl. 

" CDiepnm 1« on an erasure of an 
older glou, irhieh may have been 

" jSJcrnrw. 

'* the toe*. 



nsjlaf rpijB fife fieajimjepinb * bpioft 

Unxucr binof quinquief Ceje peccnf ' lajulwn peccuf- 
buu bjiioft m^an Jione uafelaii )« pambe 

culum mamillar Scomachum ec nmbilicum. Ceje uencpem 
■J Jia jecynblica lima ;j hjiif 3 Jinpe heo[ican 

tumbof jenirolia ec album* ec cojibif 

|>a liflicaa )ia Jipjfealbau Iippe -j pjiie bupran^ 

tiicalia Z^Tfi cpifibum ]eco|i ec ilia mapfcm 
lunbleosan" piasbelSeapm" < neccan • peaban • 

peniculoj- F'cbpem cum obtijia.* Ceje toleam* 

f-eolu pepS" mib lan^eniie Ecbpan fnucl* tSeapmaf* ^eallan 

copacem cum pnbuoue uenar fibpaf fei 

mib fj heopchoman ' }>a fceape mib |>am 

cum bucliamine. Ceje eapnem^ Injuinam ^ cum 

meap;;um milce* jebe5bum" irepnum*!* 

meballir Splenem cupcuopf cum IntejTmir . teje 
Ha blfebpan jelynb -j ealle'"i )>Bpa sepoja Sa anapimeban 

ueficam abipem ec pancer" compajmum Innnmepoj- 
eubebypbnef hffip '] pa oiSpe lima p'^N'^'^^'* ^'^I"* 

opbrnep. x^ejfi pilop ACque tnembpa peliqua quojium 
pen ir ic bepepbe 

popre ppaecepii nomina ■ Ceje cocom me cam qumque 
on^ycum fmicpe j'popbcum bupum fee ppom 

peiirihur ec cum becim pabpe paccip popibup uci '* a 
jKim ilum otS ptep heapbep Iieaneppe nfltnesum limo 

ploQEip upque ab uepcicem Nullo membjio ■> popip 

ic jeuncpumije afciipan 

incup espocem. Ne de meo pojxic uicam cpubepe . 

■ prccnr, C. bmitt. 
» Th»t It, Almm. 
* bnpfiui, pvru. It mitten on ui 
older gloM enx3 ; read maneiii 

'Eitalci, fl>a!b*l T beajio (read 
bKc) t>eD)>Di, gl. It. 74, tie gnat 

' (i«peri((ni«inn. 

• Toiuil See Do Cuige t, 
Tnsillie, A Gallic -word. 

' ojinem, C. H. omit. 

* lanKinaDi, C, for In^ina. 

' eorenuin, U. Exca lercil, gl. 
C. See above on Ezngia. 

" The final c in rallc is cmaikl, 
but legible. 

" oc, C. 

" meo, R addi. 


PREFACE. Ixxiii 

pStner refop alb • ' lep fan foMice 

peftij- Febjiif loDjop bolofi coppope Donee lam bonce deo 
reneam ec peccaca mea bonij- facnj-' beleam. Uc be ci^ine 
&]Uipenbe lo miEje jefliojan co Cam hean jepliojan 

lenf ^ij*' capeam ec eb aica euolafie 

>c rote^e ] jobe milcfienbum co iSam pobeplican bliCe 
ualeam ec mifepco beo ab lechepin laecuf 

ic " po • pejen " jiicef celaenra fy fpa 

uehap* pe^ni peppi^epia. AMEN: 

Katber than print at every word a variation, .it is 
better to give tiie glosses of the Harleiau MS. conti- 
nuously. (HdtL 585, fol 152.) 

jefnlcmise seo ppmiB seo aanis tStcpe annijje ^cmilbsa me 
Beo )>piimis jefukmi^e ic bibbe me jeseccum fees micel[es] 
epa spa m jjiiecennijje ^ce nales mib heo ceo mec eeo 
beatllicnes Seosee jeapes ne Syses mibban ieBfibts- ibelnes 
ikex lice ic bibbe jrpom ]>tem h^hfcum ftej beofonlican 
comppeopobeB mfejenum • Sf liej* mec ppliecen co llicenne 
|«onbum- ac jercilfaen aoftlice pepnum fcponjum fee heo 
mec i^tpeson^ea in peSan Seer heoFOnlican |«opabef pi3)>peacep 
pifbomef 3e|:ylDej -j fpbey tapi onbepnej* mib ctemppum-' epa 
apa job -J jobes Tqienju jelicmu ic pifce {tpymfelb f& l^ienban 
heahenjlar albopbtnni^ ^ bujutS mehce lenjlar ^ce mec {iicce ■ 
Sepcjlbenbe ■ peopob« peonb ic nueje jef yllan s^jjjftm (e|xep 
pan oSpe ctempan heab jrabepar peopep pSanB pieejut oiibfid.ls3. 
aporco% xpey scipef Tceopan fpopepaj alle ic bibbe xobef 
ctempan- fee mec [mph heo [tape ecseo hielo ^bfylle "j 
e^p^lc ^el fpom me jepice cpifc mib me pejie jrcerce 
cpnme jefffifciiije eje f^ihco ta. rpeapcan • peopub abpeje job 
nn^uphrceoceoblicpe jercjlbnerre sesbponsn mec jefcilb Smpe 
mnhce mmep hchoman lepepa alle alsy jepinbnm plteji^Ibe 
jefcyibenbum anpa jebpj'lc fee nale)- Ca n'eapcan beoblu in 
mmpe pbaa lelijen ' jpa fpa jepuniaS pcycaf planaf Jione 

' Read tdl, vithH. bus, -wbkh hoTeyer H. bu ia the 

* Debop, C. ' A blunder between Tibex ItBl 

' Thi* gloaset miUtibm not mill- ">A Vibnire ? 



hnoll Sa hea|:obpannMi ■ mib (isem loccum oob et^an onbpleo- 
con runjan ceS tSa iiar)>fpllu fpip&n hp;^c;| pbau lenbeDQ 
ijfoh micjeimu ODb 8a cpa honba mmam ro)ilice mib sefcylbpnm 
hneccan helm haJo beoSopefco' heafbe heafolan ea^um onb 
ezoQ ^ Jisepe Spypealban sebbe peolupe onfeone Sanpou^an 
cinne be^be opepbpaum eapum heajoi^nmuin fmeiium 
becpin fsevt nffifbjpiflan feonm eahpmjum bpffipum bpnum 
CoSpeoman opofie cxnuin cmbanum onb jeoman coSum tun* 
jan iDuCe hptBCCunjan fapacan jipocboUan ^ uubepcunsetiptiin 
n>ipAD ^y heapiblocaii t^ngene' j^ifclan rpipsu appefc KCbeo 
Sa xej-cjlbnejje epcep Jwn bso 8u me bypne j-eo jehealbpercefSe 
ymb mine mnoJSaf ^b min[|e] leomu fm £n aTcnfe fpom mec 
6a unjej-epenlican - bpeja nffijl^j- tSa fsefcniafi laSpenbnejje 
jescylb fofilice job fcponjpe byjrnau mifa jejTjJlbpum eaxle 
onb eapmar jemunbbypb elne mifa fan elnbojan ] honbam 
ry^ce fohae finjp^ mib yxm mcjlum jefcylb jroue hpinjc 
"J iSa pibb mib Sam liCum bfec bpinjc ^ Ka pioupe mib Sem 
banum jefCylb Ca hyb blob mib [nem lebpum Sa hfpban Sa 
eapfenba mib Saem Jwohfconcum jefcjlb homne * j-cotlipan 8a 
feohjepealb mib pttm JieohbpeopFau fa bpeoppan ;] Sa cneo 
|em^bb^pb celjan epenpexenbe cyne mib ysna caum nKjlaj" 
tpi^a fife jefcylb 4Sa healan mib Jicem fceontim t jrconcum *] 
fpopum fceoncan- fet ]iapa ila mib fiem fcepimi t jonjum 
jej-cjlb bpeofc Seapmpinb bpeottban ticcaf o86o rponau m^an 
^ fooe ueabolan jefc^lb 8a pombe fa Ijubenn fa acEennenb- 
lican Ijromu -j bpif ^ fltepe heopcan fa hplican ■) fa I^- 
lican heopcan jefc^lb fa fpiofealban Itppe pyj-ele rpeoi::an j 
bnpfe lunblajan puebelpeajim mib ffflpe neccan jercjlb peaban 
jxlepepK mib Siepe lunjene ebpe fm»lfeapmaf ^eallan mib f^ 
hj'opcboman jefcj'lb plsj-c I lichoman 8a pcape mib fcem 
mepjum fone milce mib fmm jebiejbnm eofenum -j poppum 
jejxsylb bliebpaii jeljTib onfa ftUe fapa jepoja fa unapimban 
ffinbebJpbnejTe jefcjlb hiep ;j fa ofpe leomu fapa n«B pen 
If ic bifefibe t fopleopc noman Z^fcy]b alne mec mib fif 
onbjeocum j mib cen bnpum fmicpe ^epophcmn fee fpom 
fiem hsilum o88Eef heafbep heanneffe ntenjum lime minam 
ntan innsn ic jenntpomiie fj'lffif of mmum m(e;;e lip 

' Thm MS-i read beo «n 1 pef [ ' To ceoejio. 
tn. I ' Bead homme. 

* To eqiebjio. I 



afCO|»n poler ece abl fSfi lichoinaii sipSoii fo)>lice ^obe 
jyllenbam ic gealbije 3 mine jfnne mib jobum ic abiljie 
^ce Of lictoiniui nc^eonjenbe Seofum neolum ic Soli^e t ic 
mse^e jejwlian. '] ro ftsia he&n j^eftijan t jepepan ic mee^e ;] 
jemilpsenbum jobe Co ftara jieabopbcum bli8e ic py %eye%eu 
pice)- coelneije soSlice. 

These pieces will prove that the Saxons, in their Learning of 
way, tried to leam languages. Our 
fashion ia of recent invention : persons now living 
received the first elements of Latin from Corderius; 
and the whole colour of training is necessarily different 
for those, who are to use a language colloquially, and 
those who must imitate Ovidius, Yirgilins, Horatius, 
in the several branches in which they excelled. He- 
brew and Syriac are still exceptional studies. 

Of the manuscript from which the text of the Her- MS. V. 
barium and Medicina de Quadrupedibus haa been 
taken, BibL Cotton, YitelliuB C. iii.,' the reader has a 
specimen in the fac-simile. Opinions, gathered from 
those most experienced, agree tiiat it dates as a copy 
from about 1050 A.D. For myself, I only venture to 
believe that it was written out not earlier than A.D. 
1000, nor later than the Conquest, 1066 A.D. It has 
been chosen as the ground work of this edition, be- 
cause it is illustrated by drawings in colours of the 
plants, an advantage which none of the other old 
Englisli, ot so called Anglo-Saxon, copies possessed. 
While uninjured it must have been a regally magni- 
ficent book, executed at im enormous expense. It 
sufiered from the fire at Ashbumham Hoose, 1731, 
and, like the rest of the MSS., was tslcen out of the 
ashes a shrivelled blackened lump of leaves. Kecently 
it haa been rebound. The binder first soaked the 
ruins in water, to make them limp ; he then flattened 
them, and for this purpose was obliged often to cut 
through the edges, and to stretch them by pins, 

1 Waii%, p. 317 «. 



widening all the flaws ; stout pieces of cardboard were 
then prepared as a frame to carry the leaves, wliidi 
were flzed into these paper fmmes by ligaments of 
goldbeaters skin. Thus once more the burnt leaves 
became a volome. The binder had probably some 
superintendence in his task, for aa long as the Latin 
text of Apuleius afforded its guidance the folios were 
rightly numbered, but beyond that they have been 
frequently misplaced. It is possible tliat on the pub- 
lication of this work, the binder may be directed to 
rearrange the folios, in which case the references to 
the drawings printed in the text will no longer cor- 
respond with the numbers in the MS. Besides the 
serious mischief from the fire, i^e pages had also 
suffered from the paintings placed upon them. The 
green pigment used, probably sulphate of cupper, has 
eaten sway the vellum upon which it was laid, so 
that not only the drawings so &r have perished, but 
also the writing at the back has gona Thus this 
manuscript, taken by itself, had become in many 
places illegible ; yet, when a parallel text was laid by 
the side of it, the broken lines and half surviving 
words were again significant, and it was possible to 
print nearly all the letters of the book from the 
richest and most beautiiul copy. 
^ In editing an ancient work, the rule is now i-ecog- 
nized, which due consideration has suggested ; to print 
from the best MS. and supply its defects, if any, from 
the next best. The three best HSS. conspire in 
making the extravagant slip in Herbarium, art Ixxi., 
and the fourth is not taken into account. But in the 
orthography of old English words, a certain method 
has prevailed, and the mode of .£l&ic^ it may be, has 
been followed in modem grammars and by modem 
editors, no objection to snch a course, as of a choice, 
being now taken ; yet this customary spelling has 
also been called " pure Saxon," and otiier methods 


pheface. Ixxvii 

have been damaed ns dialects, to both of which judg- 
ments I take leave to lodge an appeal, whicli shall be 
pleaded to on some future occasion. It so happens, 
however, that the spelling of MS. V. is nearer to the 
customoiy manner than that of MS. B., so that no 
discusBion need ariae out of the choice of a base for 
printiog. The fainter strokes of the reed in this 
wasted MS. ore scarcely visible : the accents oflen are 
vanighing ; and only the visit of a aimbeam revealed to 
me, that what has beea printed on page 216,' as 
rreenihcum, waa really written fctenihrum. The letters 
a and u are scarcely distinguishable in the handwriting 
of this MS. 

MS. V. in its pristine beauty had two large paint- Onumeatai 
ings each filling a page. The first contains a tall JJ^*^' "' 
figure standing on a lion, habited in loose tunic or 
amice, chasuble and stole ; * to ^ appearance an eccle- 
^astic of rank, holding in the right hand a crozier, the 
smalt cross bar of which is, ihongh not easily, dis- 
cerned ; it rests ou the ground, and the lion has seized 
it in his jaws. In the left' tliis toll personage holds a 
heavy book. The draperies according to Saxon custom 
seem caught by a gust of wind. Over him waves a 
baldachin or canopied curttuns. On his left approaches 
reverentially a tonsured priest presenting a volume 
On his right a soldier, with a full sized shield, looks 
up for orders. The purport of this painting is scarcely 
conveyed by the design itself: it seems, however, to 
represent the church dignitary for whom the work was 
copied ; the stole marking a churchman : though some 
hesitation is produced by the presence of a soldier 
with a Roman air. This painting was meant for this 
book, since the border matches that which backs the 

' Dm both shonldcn ; and pendent. 




The secon^ large paiatiag is explained by the in- 
scription ab the foot, aa exhibiting .^Iscnlapius, the 
Centaur ChiroDj and Flabo. jEsculapius is a tall beard- 
less figure, the Centaur is a Hippocentaur with bald 
head, and Plato has right shotilder bare. AU three 
grasp a large Tolnme in plain binding, with a broad 
tie round the middle, as if the two, the Centaur uid 
Plato, were each at once receiving it &om .^aculapius. 
The foreground is infested with snakes ; the badc- 
gronnd is fiill of animals, of which the boar, wolf, 
hare, roebuck, bear, and dog are still distiDguishable, 
On the other side of the leaf a broad ornamental 
fillet surrounds the title of the book, " Herbarium, eta" 
' The owners of MS. V. I have been uuable to trace 
to any good purpose. No information is derivable from 
Sir Robert Cottons private catalogue in manuscript, 
which I have inspected. On the middle of fol. 7^ a, 
between lines is written "Bicherd HoUond this boke," 
for "his boke," in a hand of the fifteenth century. 
There was a Richard Holland, brother of John, re- 
stored Earl of Huntingdon 1417, created Duke of 
Exeter 1442, died 1447, which Biciiard was Admiral 
of England, uid died 1404. Whether he were owner 
of the MS. I shall not pretend to decide : bat I know 
of no other so likely. On the fece of an early folio is 
written " elizabeth colmore," in a text hand, perhaps 
of the age of Sir Robert Cotton. Among the books in 
the old library of (the Cathedral) Christ Church, Can- 
terbury, mentioned by Wanley in his preface, occurs 
" HerbariuB Anglice, depictus," and as this answers to 
the description of MS. V,, Wanley has concluded it 
is perhaps the same copy. The Hollands derived their 
importance frY)m a marriage with the Fair Maid of 
Kent, descended from Edmund Plantagenet of Wood- 
stock (bom 1301, Aug. 5, beheaded 19 Marchl^JO), 
son of Edward I., by his second wife Margaret of 
France ; whence the Earldom of Kent came into the 



Holland &mily, and they would be within reach of a 
few books firom Canberbuiy. Those who like dove- 
tuliog may be content to splice together the probable 
date of tbe MS. (1040—1050), Canterboiy, and the 
archiepiaoop&te of Eadsige (1038 — 1050) ; but such 
calcalatioQS hare in them much uncertainty. 

The drawings may oaoe have been likenesses of the The dnvings 
plants; in some cases we see thart the pencdls employed <^'^pi™*»' 
were capable of the work ; thus betonica, arum dra- 
cunculus, an orchis or satyrion, gaHum aparine, ery- 
thnea centam^um, achillea millefoUum, lihnm, atropa 
tnandragoras, licinus communis, suggest to the eyes the 
plant intended by the artist, and with the exception 
of galium aparine, that aJso mentioned in the authors 
text. Bat it often happened, that when a pattern to 
be fiuthfully repeated was placed in the hands of the 
limner, he regarded it with too artistio an eye and 
coiuidaed how he could improve it. The fac-simile gives 
QB Uie drawing which in MS. Y. stands for saxifraga gra- 
nulata. This plant throws out, adhering to its roots, 
many small bulbs of tiie form and colour of onions, 
but not bigger than the heads of large pins ; remove 
all colour &om the picture, and you will see that the 
outline represented these characteristics of the plant ; an 
oval piece of turf suggested that the part under earths 
sor&ce was delineated, and then the roots and granules 
were seen below it. The artist knowing nothing about 
this, amended, as clever fellows are always doing, his 
original ; heightened the colour of the mider side of the 
Int of Bturfiuie, and seeing no leaves, rounded and made 
green the granules, so as to do the duty of leaves. In 
many other cases Some such improvements were intro- 
duced; thus the fiowera of chamomile have had their 
white rays and yellow discs coloured alike blue. In other 
cane the botanical system current in the earlier cen^ 
turiee of the Christian era was the cause of our discon- 
tent ; for in those days, the plan of relying principally 
f 2 



upon the parts of fructification for the identification of 
a plant had not come into vogue, and tlie illustrators 
were content to give us some specimen, however de- 
ficient in the distinctive marks. Hence proliably, Os- 
triago, 'OffT^ua, a tree native to the countries on the 
Mediterranean, is explained by Lifiwort, which is the 
Water Elder, opposite leaves being found in both. 
Erifin, an herb now unknown, is also translated Iii6- 
wort, and the drawing is like the former. When the 
plnnt itself presented a very complex task to the 
ptunter, he contented himself with indicatiog the 
character, as in yarrow, rosemary, and carot. In maDy 
cases the stems are made rigid and erect, instead of 
pliant and trailing, as in dnqfoil and potentilla. In 
many cases no one can at sight recognize the plant 
intended, even buttercup, horsetail, manh mallow, which 
may once have been a tree maUow, the botanical hibis- 
cus, could not be known by the drawing. Nor could 
cress, strawberry, hop, celandine, clover, hemp, and so on. 
yienna US. of At Vienna exists an illustrated manuscript of Dios- 
DioikorldM. korides, from which, in Jocquins time, woodcuts were 
made, and from these one set of more than four 
bundred plates was sent to Sibthorp, and is now in 
tlie library of the Botanic Garden, Oxford. This set, 
by the courtesy of Dr. Daubeny, I have examined. 
Another set of only one hundred and forty-two plates 
was sent to Linneeus, and is now in possession of the 
Linnsean Society ; by the kindness of Professor Bell, I 
have hod an opportunity of inspecUng this copy. 
Though less extended than that at Oxford, it is more 
valuable, as far as it goes, by containing notes in ink 
by Jacquin, and others in pencil by Sir J. E. Smith; 
Jacquiji describes the colours, which are, of course, 
wanting in prints, and Sir J. E. Smith endeavours to 
determine the plaate. The botanical world was for a 
long while in great agitation about the names in 
IMoshorides, and these drawings were expected to be 




of great asaifilauce : controversies t&ged, ftnd folios 
were published, till at lenf^tli the stru^les of the 
learned " terminated only by despair of suocesB." ^ 
It was by no means in hope that I shonld add to 
bottmic&l knowledge that I paid a visit to Oxford 
specially to see these plates, but &om a desire to 
elicit, if I could, from a comparison of the Saxon 
drawings in the Herbaiium, from art cxxxiv. to the 
end, with those from the Vienna manuscript, some 
solution of the difficulties of the sabject. If the 
Siixon artist bad altered a little here and a little 
there, some light would be thrown on the matter. 
The Vienna Greek copy might be even the original, 
or if not so, very near to the original of the English. 
But though in many cases the Vienna copy gives 
faithful drawings of the plants, as in aedum, arboreum, 
which is spoiled in the English figure (art, cxlvii.), 
yet there was no such similarity between the drawings 
as to lead to any useful result. Dr. Daubeny gave 
me a small book of his own publishing, running to 
fleventeen pages, in which he has assigned modern 
scientific equivalents to the old Hellenic appellations 
of Dioskorides. On the fece of it this book treats 
rather of the figures than of the written text; yet, of 
couise, the words of the author were always kept in 
view. The Professor, then, " characterizes the drawings 
" of the plants in the Vienna MS." often as " fictitious," 
often as having " aUght resemblance," as " doubtfiil," 
" bad," " very rude," " indifferent," and all tiiis in a 
treatise where the conclusions were drawn in a good 
measure from the drawings. Anxious to leam more 
about Brittanike, the Vienna MS. gave me a drawing, 
showing the flowering stems of Lyfhrwm eaiicarUt, 
with leaves which must belong to a monocotyledonous 
plant. Little, therefore, was to be gained from the 

' Sir J. £L Sinilh, Id B«c<ea Cjdoptedia, art Dioskoridci. 



Viernia Tepres^Ltations. The lat«8fc authorities are 
not agreed upon many questions relating to that old 
anthor. These drawings of the Vienna MS. were, it 
is said, derived from another, which was sometimes 
called the Neapolitan MS.* Frofeseor Jacquin, writing 
on the copy of Amaracus thos made, utters the same 
language as that employed above, and says, " pictor 
" ^ti suae et genio nimium indulsit." He complains 
also of inaccurate drawing of umbelli&rous plants, 
" umbellarum configuratio Talde rndis in omnibus um- 
" belliferis." * 

The Saxon drawings of the snakes axe lanctfol : 
" there never were such snakes," I have been assured 
by one of the best naturalists in England. 
. An illustrated copy of the Latin Apuleius,' which as 
of ihe twelfth century, has sometimes been here men- 
tioned as MS. T., haa been collated for assistance in 
determining plants. It has a few EInglish glosses, and 
some of its figui-es like MS. V. Under Ocimum* ate 
added the following words : " Herba Ocymum te r<^o 
" per Bummam diiiinitatem qui te iossit nasd ut cures 
" ea omnia et succurraa auxdlio maximo qiue de te fida 
" remedia posco qUEe sunt infra scripta." 

I have marked MS. G. as a German MS., an illus- 
trated Latin Apuleius, HorL 4<986 ; it has some German 
glosses ; thus Hierobotane is glossed faueme otS' tau- 
bencpopf; Batrachium (art. ix.) is Wilde Eppicb, 
Apium silvaticum, wolf wurc, (for wurz). Many figures 
are wholly false, as Marrubium,'' and some axe mon- 
strous, aa Tithymalos." It has the Medioina de Qua- 

■ The nine, I tappoM^ u th« Bi- 
naocini MS. Weorich de Anctomni 
Ontconim TeraioniTma, p. 317, 
^G« HI Mcoont of an illoitntcd 
MS. of Dioakoridm sent by Roma- 
DOB n. to the Arab " king of Spain,* 
sbont 960, AJ>. 

* To the I 

: efiect, Plin. i 


PBEFACE. iTpf^ii 

MS. A. is a neat Italian MS. of the Latin Apuleiua, Ano^er, 
executed in the fifteenth century, MSS. Additional, "^■*- 
17063. It often coireapondB with MS. V. 

MS. Harl 1585 is another illustrated copy of the Aaother. 
Latin text. At foL 206, the wotk of Apuleiua, if Apu- 
leius, is attributed to another name,' "Explicit liber 
" Flatonis de herhis masculinis : feliciter." The " Liber 
" medicine ex animalibus pecoribus bestilsque et 
" avibos" ifi attributed as usual to Sextus Placitus." 
Part of Dioscorides follows, " Incdpit liber DioBcoiidis. 
" In hoc enim libro continentor herbse fcemineffi, etc"' 
And by and bye, " Indpit epistola Apollinis do em- 
" plastro pod^;rico satis admirabile cuidam missa 
" pod^rico." * The MS. is of the early years of the 
thirteenth century, largely illustrated and curious. 

The foregoing are &U vellum manascripta Trinity A MS. at 
Collie, Cambridge, has a paper MS. of Apuleins,' in *" ^' 
Latin, with coloured drawings of the fourteenth cen- 
tury. This is followed by " Liber medidne diascoridis 
" ex hebreorum scedia ° numero IxxL per singula no- 
" mina." Sferitis occurs.' There is a picture of Galenus, 
et eius discipuli, and of Ypocras, et eius discipuli. 
There are several amusing drawings of devils, in the 
form nearly of bats, passing out of the possessed. 

The illustrated Latin manuscripts here mentioned Hot tpplied. 
were of interest, chiefly as bearing on the dgnification 
of the Saxon drawings. From them most botaniste 
wonld turn away in scorn, declaring them unscientific; 
those only who take pleasure in investigating the 
history as well as the modem phase of their &vourite 
science, will give them any attention. In the constant* 
difRcnltiea presented by these figures, I have ever gone 
for advice to a gentleman well known for his acquire- 

■ There wm, mccording to Wen- 

< CoL 357. 

rich, a FUto McdieoB. 

• 0. 8, 48. 

= CoLa09. 

• rcit; MS. 


' See Herbar., czzzTiiL 



ments and thorough kcowlodge of this subject. Dr. 
John Harley, of Kings College, London, and have 
always rec^ved &om him the most friendly and zealous 

US. B. Of the Saxon text, MS. E, a Bodleian manuscript,* 

is a veiy handsomely written folio, twelve inches toll, 
ei^t broad, in doable columns, the letters clear and 
sharply marked, with, vacant spaces intended for draw- 
ings of the plants and snakes, but never filled in. 
The Herbariom and Medicina de Quadnipedibus ran 
from folio 68 to 130. Two folios have been cut out, 
as noticed here in the various readings on pages 298, 
366. Competent judges make MS. B. of the same age 
nearly as MS. Y. That they are frx)m one origin is 
dear by their community of error, as in the omission 
of the heading Artemisia t^antes, and what occurs 
at art. Izxi. A few titles and numbers in K are by 
a later hand, which has sometimes scratched through 
the earlier rubricated numbers; this hand may be re- 
ferred to the twelfth centuiy. Both Y. and B. leave 
blanks for English names where the author was at 
a loss. 

US. H. MS. H.* was never intended for display, but for 

use ; it ]\aa no drawings, nor was meant to have 
any; it omits the phrases prepared for the insertion 
of English names, is not so correctly copied, and may 
be dated a little later than MSS. Y. and B. 

WS. a • MS. O. is a mean manuscript written upon shreds 

M.HajUt^.fifl'3. ^^l vellum. The original work has been broken up 
into alphabetical order. The language shows signs of 
change; examples of it may be found on page 102, 
foot, page 132, foot. The collation of this MS. was 
not carried through, it was not desirable. For the 
history of our language it may some day be required 



that the whole should be printed for comparison with 
OUT earlier text. Since our text was printed this 
MS. haa recovered eight leaves, which had found their 
way into the Cottonian collection, and into the fire 
of 1731 ; it has been rebound, and of course folioed 

The interpretation of the English names of plants PrinciplM 
rests on the same basis generally as the render- Stemming 
ing of any other obsolete words. But lest my duty wb«t pi*"** 
should be misapprehended, it is necessary to call the ^^"^ 
Tieaders attention to the true state of the question. 
Hitiierto men have been content with what is found 
in dictionaries, and the dictionaries do nothing but ' 
quote for autiiorities such a book as this Herbarium, 
or some glossaries. The interpretation, therefore, is 
sometimes probably false from the errors of such books, 
and sometimes contradictory, as glossaries disagreed. 
On discovering that the poisonous bryony, with its 
clusters of berries, is confused with the " humble," 
with its hop catkins and wholesome juices, it was 
impossible any longer blindly to follow the author 
before us. To ascertain, therefore, the signification of 
any obscure English word, it was by no means proper 
to accept the Greek or Latin equivalent fixed on in the 
Herbarium, or elsewhere, and to find out what plant 
was intended by such a word. Thus, if the Herbarium 
sets down hvErpypt as Ostrit^, and Ostriago proves, 
probably, to be 'OTrpua, a tree not known here, while 
at the same time Li&pypc is Dwarf Elder, by much 
concurrent testimony, the conclusion must be that our 
author was probably wrong in his identification. In 
glossaries, and, I doubt, to some extent here, the 
authors aim was to convey as nearly as possible the 
sense of the foreign word to English eius; liis traua- 
lation was, thei-efore, o^n only an approximation. 
Li&pyjic for Ostriago, and for Erifiu, may be excused 
on this ground. For Populttti alba, Abele seems, at least, 



not Latin, not " Albella," whether connected with the 
Polish bialy, white, or no ; the Populus tremvla was 
the M^x> ^ aapen, and in some glossaries is very 
reasonably called the Cpicbeam, guidihea/m, as always 
alive : the Popviua nigra is commonly now called the 
Italia/n poplar, and though admitted by our men of 
science for indigenous is perhaps an importation. In 
. the face of those native names it seems eztraordinary 
to £nd the glossaries interpreting Fopulus by byjic, 
birch, at the same time as Betulus, Hreh. Whatever 
he the solution, I cannot accept from a glossator the 
teaching that Fopultts is birch. Perhaps by an emen- 
dation we may recover another native name. In GL R,, 
p. 45, we have Sf^inus, hpic hsBj^L Only one kind of 
Corylus is known in England ; I propose .^girus, 
A'ytipoc, for the white hazel. Sometimes the glossator 
did not at all know his plant under a foreign name, 
which must be excused by all who are not mere novices. 
Sometimes the inattention of editors misrepresents the 
old writer. In GL R, p. 47, is written, 

Cedrus, cebep beam. 

Cedria, hilTsep, [that is hif fiep, tJie eap of it\ 

The editors never made this out; yet " Hisssepe Cedria" 
should not have found its way into any dictionary. 

No interpretation of a significant name can be 
.satisfactory unless the meaning well befits the plant. 
Smearwort, as mentioned above, must be a greasy 
plant, such as is Butterwort. Quickbeam has no sense 
whatever when applied to the Rowan tree, though 
the name be well rooted in our language ; and it per- 
haps belonged originally to the Aspen, as some glossaries 
give it Gl. R, p. 47, has — 

Oesis, epic cpeop, Tremulus, 

which the editors have not printed. The Eglantine is 
the Sweetbriar with its aculei, sAarp point9, straight oi- 



not, bnt some people, and among them, Milton, have 
made it the Withywind, Gonvdvuhie. 

TiiTOUgh the sweetbriar and the vine. 

Or the twisted eglantine.' 
When the Herbarium and the glossaries proved not 
always trustworthy, it was neceraary not to rely on 
them too confidently. The drawings are of no gi-eat 
use. Tradition and the consent of Englishmen are 
moat valuable, but require to be accepted with vigi- 
lance : and to ascertain them it has been my task to 
examine all accessible glossaries ; which are very 
nomeroas. Those which I have foimd of most im- 
portance are an unpublished gL of two thousand en- 
tries, older than any in the British Museum, and of 
the tenth century ; one from Durham of the eleventh 
century, unpublished, a copy of which was kindly 
Bent me by the E«v. Mr. Qreenwell, Minor Canon, 
and MS. Laud, 567. These two last, like the Brussels 
gl, have drawn from the Herbarium, and where 
they agree with it are not to be accounted as inde- 
pendent confirmations. To the Kev. W. D. Macray 
my best thanks are tendered for the loan of a valuable 
MS. ^ossary on vftUum, referred to as gl. M., and 
for placing in my hands such of the treasures of the 
Bodleian as his intimate acquaintfmce with it suggested 
to his memory. It may be some indication of the 
value of the gL impublished, referred to as gV C, to 
mention that it authoritatively clears up the mis- 
translated passt^ (MS. THberius B. ], anno 1052, 
near end,) of the Chronicle. Gobpine }» jeficlohe 
hpa^ jwej" Jw he upcom - -j eptr jepyppce, which 
means, Qod/ioi/n then aickcTied goon after 'he c<wie it^ 
river, a/nd again recovered, for this gl. has the entry, 

■ MS. Bui. 5B5, fU. 89, bu a j tine," in k band a 
gloM to n>*ii fiirras, dog roM briar thaa Uilhu. 
(tai Dr. Danbeny), " irilde eglu- ' 



foL 19 c, " Conualatt;, jeuaejipte." ' As I Imve already 
written on the parallelism between the vocabulary 
and flexion in the old English with the Latin and 
Greek, I may be allowed to add with satisfaction 
that in this glossary verbs of the first person singular 
present tenninate in o. 

Ccaisulo Husno. 
Inniro^i onhbn|o. 
Mepeo xpoeco. 

From tiiis glossary it may be concluded that the 
Herbarium was not the first attempt to fix the sense 
of the Latin names of trees and plants, since in this 
work and in the later glosaaries acme errors of tiie 
older one, such as *' cucumis popBej," " ajibucus sespe," 
" edepa uudupinde," have been omitted. 

The Herbarium consists of two parts, a translation 
from the work intituled Herbarium Apuleii, with a 
few extra paragraphs ; and a continuation, chiefly from 
Dioskorides. Ackerman and Sprengel, who have written 
on the histoiy of medicine, and Sillig, who in his edition 
of Pliuius ' has printed a short fragment of Apuleius, 
are of opinion that Apuleius never wrote the book. 
Saumaise' thought he did. Sprengel is angry at the 
book as unphiloaophical, but it is better, it is prac- 
tical It« translation into English shows its popularity, 
and amid the scardty of old English manuscripts, four 
copies still exist of this work, and three glossaries 
show themselves indebted to it. Nothing is less per- 
manent than science. The English translation is now 
published, doubtless as giving us better knowledge 
what the AjigulSeaxe or so called Anglo-Saxons 

' The preient occurs, nnla: bco 
Scpwjipanmihte, Liru of ^)«lt»7'S, 
MS., atiftht mlykl recover. The 

P"t Sepyi'pce wwwm to 
ccm, Beda, p. 539, line 7. 

' Hin. ed. Sillig., lol v. p. xtU. 

' I'rol. libri dc byleiatr., p. IS. 


PREFACE. Ixxxix: 

thooglit in medicine, and for a record of the older 
part of our iangua^ That the portion of the Saxon 
Herbarium, which is ori^nally from Dioakoridea, had 
a I^tin text for its original, seems certain. TIte name 
Spreritis, Herbar. cxxxviiL, is not in Dioskorides. But 
in a Latin MS. of Trin, ColL, Cambridge,* of late date, 
containing extracts from Dioskorides, it is found with 
the followijig description: " Habet folia minuta lanu- 
" ginosa ex una radice ; multos ramos emittit per 
" terram fosoe, florem crocenm, bofitahno' aimilem, 
" odorem murteum (so) si digitia conteratur." Tliese 
ate the very words of our Saxon text. Zamalentitioii 
is also to be found in the Trin. MS. It is therefore to 
be concluded that the translator did not draw direct 
from the Botanist of Anazarba. It is, however, to his 
credit that he drew from him at all. He was not 
quite imphilosophical after aU. 

The Trinity MS., immediately after the last entry 
firom Apuleius, indicates ainnetbing of its own origin 
in these words : " Incipit liber medicinae diafcoridis 
" ex hebreomm foedif" If the Saxon additions to 
Dioskorides and this manuscript came from a com- 
mon source, we should be here taught that the Qreek 
had filtered through a Hebrew text. But it is quite 
impossible that the names of the plants could retain 
their original form after being expressed by Hebrew 

No one knows anything about Sextus Placitus nor Seiijw 
why he should be called Flatonicus or Papyriensis. *** 
Perhaps he is a nominis umbra, a phantom name, a 
nediffival bit of fim. Idpartus king of Egypt, a co- 
temporary of Augustus, must be a creature of imagi- 
natdon, a stalking horse for a bookmaker. The old 
English piece of the eleventh century on the Marvels 


of (he East, printed in Narratinnciilte, has a parallel in 
a Latin piece on the same subject by " King Premo."' 
And if the small wit invented Idpartus, why not also 
Sextos Placitus 7 The Latin of this Quadrupedal Me- 
didne, aa printed, does not oontain as much as our 
tezt ; ' and it may be found, besides its other editions, 
among the leaves of the " Artis Medicse Principes." 
The Bodleian copy, MS. B., has bound up with it two 
letters of Euax, king of tiie Arabs, to Tiberius Cmaax, 
on the virtues of stones. AVhether Eujot ever existed 
shall be for men more at leisure to inquire.' 
i The text has been printed in the form, as regards 
'' the shape of the characters, which they take in tiie 
original H8S. Besides the objection to printing in 
the character of our own day, which arises in the 
heart of every man who dislikes to dress up antiquity 
in modem clothes, there is one which is not senti- 
mental at all; by a change so levelling we lose all 
the chronological characteristics of a manuscript arising 
from the form of the letters. The age of an English 
manuscript may be determined to half a century, for 
the most part, by the shape of p, f, j, g, p, r, a, f , ( f, 
y, f. Print all these alike, and you, as &r as in yon 
lies, shut out from your readers the information con- 
tained in those forms. The letter j> is a mark of an 
early English manoBcript, of one belonging probably 
to the ninth or tenth century. It may be seen in 
the &c-aimiles of tiie Lauderdale Orosius, of the Codex 
Exoniensis, of the O.C.C. copy of the Chronicle. It 
occurs frequently in the Leechbook, but not in the 
copy of a lost chapter, which we shall restore to its 
proper place ; not because the text, bnt because the 

■ Graff DiutiBko, vol. iL p. 195. | " qaam aJiqui melem vocint Qui- 

' MS. HarL 1685, attribntw the " dam vero Taxonem," CoL 205. 

part about the badger to a different And Placitns after this. 

hand. " Incipit EpiitolA de bcfliola | ' Sw Dr. Oreenliilb account. 


copy made of it, is later than that of the rest of the 

It appears by the inscription on Alfreds jewel to 
have . been known tinder the form ^, whete I re- 
cognize an Hypsilon T ; it is, however, found in a 
manuscript of Al&eds time, as yet nnpnblished, in 
the ccmunon form j=. It does not occur at aU in the 
MS, of CEodmoa, which ie written throughout with y 
undotted' In saying this I do not include in the 
Csedmon, if Cwdmoa (for Pseudo-Ctedmon is a strong 
assertion), that piece on the Harrowing of Hell, which 
is bound up in the same volume, but written in a 
much dofier hand, with about forty eight, instead of 
thirty nine letters in a line; this has f dotted. The 
letter ji does not occur in the Herbarium in any of 
the MSS. 

Experts in MSS. have finer and more delicate tr&ite 
by which they distinguish the age of copies ; they are 
so minute that a traced fao-simile will scarcely re- 
produce them. Except these, and the ornamental 
letters' and the contractions, which are forbidden to 
this set of publications, the present text puts before 
the reader the MS. as written. When the shape of 
letters affords so discriminating and so constantly 
present a test of the age of manuscripts, it is a sub- 
ject of great regret to me, that editors have so freely 
applied the sponge of modernism, wiping away all 
such peculiarities. In some cases we can separate at 
once, an interpolation from the original by .watching 
this featur& For' example, in Ceedmon, if Osedmon, 
MS. p. 14, line S3=p. 17, line IS, ed. 1832, the firat 
hand wrote peojiBan, but a corrector over that puts 
y, and the dot shews him much later than the first 

■ There ii a dotted j in page 14S I * Sometunes a G, with a tail, 
lis., line 14, in the irord mojj^r, 1 occdtb. 


scribe. A more considembln matter occurs at HS. 
p. 37, line 12 = p. 48, line 25, eA 1832, where the 
original liand wrote 

f hie heapm fcef^e 

and the characteiB of the interlined interpolation hif 
dlBcover their late origin, for the old scribe regnhtrly 
wrote J- not C The sense and metre axe improved by 
the omission. When I say that the original MS. has 
)', the cases are to be excepted in which a capital S 
is used. The capital letters at the beginning of sen- 
tences are most un&irly omitted in the printed edition,' 
and sometimes where capitals are printed the MS. has 
none. In Ctedmon, if Cffidmon, MS. p. 42, line 8 = 
p. 54, line 21, ed. 1832, perhaps the reading of the 
later hand bypjbefc is an improvement on the older 

Towards a reliable i&terpretatioQ, the first step is an 
adequate grammar. A few remarks shall therefore be 
offered on this subject. 

The vocaUsation of the oldest English MSS. differs 
from that which may be called the received standard, 
from the printed homilies of .£Uric, for instance, and 
from the grammars which are all based on .^IfricR 
Latin grammar. It is wholly a mistake to hold up 
the received method for the pore West Saxon dialect ; 
as may be seen by appealing to the authorities. We 
have a manuscript which bears upon the face of it 
satisfactory evidence of having been sent out of 
Alfreds court by his own directions. It spells lajiiop- 
tiSm, fc/le, po the article, leBneije eaee, uncSlIpieB&lice 
as well as nncselp/pSlice, bion be, boenbnm facientiinis, 
;ielpe, j-ien aint, fopjiefaS, anpecsA, peop6en Jiant, 
cibbej^ ehidedat, jiemenne, hptem cuivia, ^5yncen, 

> F. SI, line S. ed. 183S, Spice ii ipelt vith a capital in the UR, w 
le leiiae requirei. 


videa/niur, fnjje, a Mcesogotliic spelling not uncom- 
mon in English MSS. for fcinje, fuse piEs, hio, je- 
liefen credani, ^kem, biejlan, Bjsncet: putant, fComaS, 
jeciepjieb, lepptefS, lelbejiSe, liojinobe, picj-ieaS, heifcan, 
po]ibi{ie6 tolffrai, hiejibaj' pastores, jecniopon, cju|'6 
Chriatita, and ao on without end. Tlie evidence, which 
this is not a convenient place for discussing, is sufii- 
luent that in this vocalisation, whether of terminations 
or other syllables, we have the dialect of King Alfreds 
court. One editor of Orosius has famished us, at the 
expense of Mr. Tollemache, with fac-eimiles of three 
pages of the Lauderdale MS. Of the antiquity and 
Boperior value of this MS. there can be no doubt. We 
there see le river, as well as ea, heetc calls, lepielme 
aouTce, pjipejT, per, pop^") FP^m for fjiam, hiepa 
and hio)\a, hopi'c for hopf. Just as was to be expected 
from current notions, the editor who had access to 
this good MS. did not use it ; it has, says he, " a 
" northeriy aspect." This expression were true, had it 
been used of a manuscript of the eleventh century; 
but the Lauderdale MS. is older, and agrees in spelling 
with others of nearly tlie same aga If the book called 
Ciiedmon, be his, which I neither assert nor deny, the 
copy we have is much later than his times; but it 
exhibits proofe of having been transcribed from an 
earlier book in which the same method of vocalising 
prevailed. The penman altered, as was customary, the 
spelling as he went ; but at page 55 of the MS, line 
3,' he came to a slip of the earlier pen, which he was 
unable to understand : it had been meant for 

Jronne ic popS j-ctol. 

meaning wAen / ahall away. On page 18 MS., line 
SO,* the penman forgot for a moment to alter the 
ancient orthography, and he put jieman )«ej- jpunbej-; 

■ F. CT, line 20, cd. Thorpe. | ■ F. 23, line 31, ed. Thorpe, 



the reading syman is by correction. On the same 
page, line 25,' the first writing was tj- )?*ej- asnja 
j^be, and the printed text is that of the corrector. 
On page 37, line 15,' per is from the older copy. 
On page 39, line 6,' mob is the old spelling, and by 
some accident it has been read aa mob and an accent 
has been given to it. Enough of this for the present. 
Of the C.O.C.C. MS. of the Chronicle the age has been 
thrown perhaps too far back; it contains, as appears, 
some of these epellinga ; ciejipe, fipbe, lelbsran, hiej^n,* 
hiepa, ponjne, and tJie like; these are here given on 
the presumption that the printed text is faithful The 
Codex Exonienaia is of the tenth century," and it re- 
tains traces of the ancient method : as bpim pejta 
b)xeahcm, noise of ooea/ti gitsta," peje, biepeS.^ 

The thought dawns upon us, that when our early 
manuscripts are put &irly before us, the Heliand itself 
may belong to this island. 

It is only partly true that the accentual mark of 
MSS. denotes a long vowel Of this I shall mention 
what I believe to be a decisive proof; but must first 
say that Mr, Thorpe wholly deceived himself when he 
supposed the accentuation of his edition of Caedmon, 
if Osedmon, to be like his original He says, " In the 
" accentuation, which confirms in almost every case the 
" theory of Professor Rask, I have followed the autho~ 
" rity of maniiscripta, and except in a very few instances 
" that of the manuscript of Ceedmon itself" I add 
my testimony to that of others, that the accentuation 
has been much altered. In the original MS. at page 14, 
line ll=page 17, line 8, ed, Thorpe, the word j) is ac- 
cented; the words are written thaa: f him com. It ia 

' P. 33, line a, ed. Thorpe. | ' And this is Wtoley'* opiniu), 

' P. 4B, line 32, ed. Ttioipe. I p. 280 a. 

■ P. 51, line 33, ed. Thorpe. < P. 384, 9, not gue»t>. 

' See p. 190, ed. 1861. | ' FoL 93b, line 1, fiamtnnscript. 


evident that it was the emphatic aeoae and not any 
long vowel which loought the accent down on that 
word. The syllable on-, with the privative seuae is 
frequently accented, as marking a change of meaning. 
pSjttmm (except in Ctedmon, if Csedmon, WS.)' often 
obtains the accent, but the vowel is certainly not an 
omega. In the old MSS. the affix bom is accented, in- 
dicating here a long vowel,' as in the Qerman equivalent 
-thorn, but our language has a tendency to throw 
back accents, and pIfbSm must have before long become 
Wisdom. Some have thought that two concurrent 
syllables in English cannot take accents at once; but 
our utterance of Rich man. Poor man, as compared 
with Chapman, Helmsman, is irreconcileable with 
that theoiy. The page of Csedmon cited above," gives 
UB btc him, onjSn h&n, SfaSp, hlf Itc, with concurrent 
accents, in the original MS. These, observe, were not 
all vowels long of themselves. The Leecbbook accents 
the inflexive syllable -um,- as hat^, otrpGrn, jobtim, 
jiyprfim, pronoancing, it may be [assumed, this vowel 
long. This pronunciation must have disappeared before 
the MSS. could confuse such forms as f>am ilcon with 
Jiam ileum, minum, minon, which they very frequently 

Saxons accented Latin words as a guide to the 
reader ; thus in MS H., fol. 94, mdincati6mbuf, 
jpSidunef cempeitStef , ommpotentij- nfij-j-ci : these are 
not all long vowels, though they be all long ayllablea 
On fol. 96 b, hilSpif is an erroneous pronunciation. 

In some instances an accent appears over a con- 
sonant, and though it may always be asserted that it 
haa been intended for the vowel, it will in the text 
here be found as written. 

' Ttepinted accents in this cue I 'We flod cjneboom, gL C, 
an TolimteeMd b; the editor. I fbl. 53 1, 

I ■ P. 17 ed. Thorpe. 

g 2 


a Final syllables with short vowels are written -with 
e, 1, o, or il' Hence a verb ending in -obon became, 
on dropping the N, -ohe in its termination; and 
peeftmaf, dropping the s, might become psBftme. 

The general analogies of the oldeet English with the 
Latin and Qreek wonld lead ns to expect the neuters 
plural to end in a short vowel as a ; so that pojiba 
should represent verba ; and this is so. But the 
English also loses the vowel, and the plural becomes 
popb. This is the case with most of our neutera. 
And not so only. Other terminations lose the vowels 
we expect to find. The adverbs ending in -on, and 
like -0iv, meaning from, are often found to, and did, 
doubtless, originally, end in -one, as heonon, heonone, 

The omission of a final short vowel affects^ the 
orthography of nominatives : thus Eemble says, on 
serende, " In later times the final e was sometimes 
" omitted, but should not have been so." peopc, wark, 
2>ain, (a masculine, and ^ot to be confounded with 
peojic, work, neuter,) is written in the nominative peopce 
twice in the MSl of Ceedmon.' The forms syfeene, 
goddeaa, {lyuenu,* leads us to suppose that the language 
had a feminine -ne for names of the offices of women, 
as Dime, old-germ. Dioma, fwmula, puelia. The St 
Johns Oxon MS. gl. for monacha o'S^e monialis has 
mynecenu, which, and not mynecen, is the true form of 
the nominative.' So that piln was perhaps once pdne, 
pilene, and ^ejneu, }?inen, has lost a vowel See fpjuec 
for fppEece, Cod. Exon., p. 421, line 3/ ed. 

A final vowel is omitted in many instances to the 
grammarians dismay. The accusative of pypc is very 

' See the uote Cod. Exon,, p. G6, i * See rI«o 'Lye. 
ed., p. 31, line 3, cd. ' GeneriB xxxviil, S8. 

' Bice a« Kcmble wrote it, not ' See A Volume of Vocabuliries, 

Bic, occuTH ID tliesG voiumes ; p. 71. 
Ijlice also ends in a vowel. | 


often in these medical books yy^v not pypte. The 
editor, on [lonne pujiSa^ pm ea^an ypa Icoht:, Cfedm.? 
US. p. 27, line 10, observea that it " grammatically 
" should be June eajan pp* leobce." 6e ]»)■ populb 
^efceop, ibid., p. 32, line 4, is no more grauunatical 
than pyjic for pyjiCe ; so line 9, also ; so p. 106, 13 ; 
p. 107, 12, ojreji Jiaf pban jefceaft, ibid. Feollon 
pepjenb ; id. p. 92, 26, fell the defend&-8. Fujlaj- 
bI66ij pteaS, the fowls ait bloody, id. p. 98, line 20. 
I would however alter ^ bebobu pitta's nlTn puUian, 
id. p. 106, line 10, by writing on account of the 
rhythm mtne. Ymb bine piE^on* pijenb tinfophcc, id. 
p. 151, line 13. ptep }>a ba)>u paepon bat on hpe)>pe, 
Cod. Exon., p. 478, line 15, ed. 

In manuscripts, which are late Saxon, the nomino^ Article, 
tive musculine and feminine singular of the articlo are 
pe, peo ; thus in the Cambridge copy of part of tlie 
homily De Auguriis,* these forms are used constantly 
and throngbout. Editors of late manuscripts have often 
brought back these changed words to their earlier 
shape ; but that produces an anachronism. 

The nominative of the AN declension could end in Dedendon ii 
AN, BO that the ordinary final vowel seems formed by""** 
dropping the N. The oblique cases sometimes drop 
the N ; if biT eapopan nu heapb hep cumen ; kis de- 
scendaid, a hardy one, is now come here, Beowulf, 
747, where Kemhle would put eapopa. Again, pi)>]>an 
beajtej- benb colej'eB lip jrpumau ; after deaths bond 
lifes aiithor shall unHnd (^ahall have uvhound), Cod. 
Ex., p. 64, line 24, ed., where the editor has removed 
the N. Again, in a riddle. Cod. Exon., p. 499, line 1, 
obbffiC bim )K>ne ^eapruol pnjpan bpo])op min ajnabe, 
till for himself my younger brother acquired the stool 
of cleverness, where the note says read sin^a. Again, 

■ As the MS. De Augnriis hat j veil to mj. It in id prejianition fbr 
been ttften mentioned, it may be | pablitwtion. 


fojijion ic je|>encaii ne tobb^ jeonb Jjaj- populb fop 
hpaD mob yepan mm ne jefpeopce; therefore I cannot 
think throughout this world, for why my miiids 
mood turns not all dark, when, etc., Cod. Ex., p. 289, 
nit., There the editor reads minne and makes pepan 
accusatiTa Smith, in hia Beda, p. 638, 38, prints 
jeleapan as a nominative in brackets, and he says 
that such readings as are in brackets have been 
amended oa the authority of some MS.' Again, ac 
ne ma pilnobe "Seaikpan japCe pnman ; pauper epiritu. 
Beda, p, 679, line 22=p. 153, 35, Latin. The exam- 
ples in Spelmana Psalter are very numerous. So 
bpibban (read 'Sjiibban) bfel is a nominative, Iieechbook, 
I. XV. 3. In the Pseudo Csedmon, Harrowing of Hell, 
MS. p. 228, line 2,* (jo eapr hteleiSa helm- '^ heopen 
b€man> enjla opb ppuman. The last letter has been 
erased, and Thorpe has turned beman into bema. The 
two MSS. in Cfedm. ? MS. p. 191, ult, have, one funua 
1 mona, tlie other funne -j monan : the genitive plural 
is quite inappropriate, and on the hypothesis here sug- 
gested, the readings agree well enough, as nominatives 

As the nominatives of the forms piCeja, eopiSe, eaje, 
may be supposed to have once tenninated in -an, 
but to have lost the final N, so the oblique cases, 
which customarily have s, occasionally lose it. Thus 
Caedmon (if Csedmon), MS. p. 151, line 1, ponn psel- 
ceapeja* pulpaj- funjon, the wan slainchoosera the wolvea 
sang thew loathly evening lay, with the definite 
termination and sense, pte]* haCan onuhcan ma^an 
unjemetpiejxa, Leechbook, lib. II. contents xvi. In 
Csedmont p. 237, line 25, ed., leoma for leoman. In 
Cod. Ezon., MS. p. 10 b, line 23, tip ppuma is a geni- 

• P. 306, line 4, ed. Thorpe. 


tive singular. Name, Matth. i. 21, in the published 
Hatton text, is accusative. 

The iuflexioDB laid down in grammars are, or ought 
to be, the tisaal forms as observed in the language. 
In all leas known languages, in Greek to wit, the 
conomon grammars are often much in error. In the 
oldest written English, abusively called Anglo-Saxon, 
these inflexions are less certain, since the writings 
have had few students; and it cannot be expected 
that we should iske law from the granunara. Yet it 
wonld not be reasonable to iavour a reading merely 
on the ground of its being exceptional : we dare only 
go BO fiu*, as to accept more readily those less usual, 
less sanctioned, forms, which lall in with the tendency 
of the time, and that was to drop terminations, as is 
seen in the English of the twelfth and thirteenth 
centntieB, the " Semi Saxon " and the " Early English " 
of the artificial phraseology. The infinitive J>anc pitan, 
X^ff eiSJMii, savoir gr^, is found in the Exeter book, 
written without the s, p&ac piCa.^ These two passages 
have more force of testimony than two ooncnrring 
manuscripts ; and it follows, that in the tenth century,* 
infinitives had begun to drop N. The Hatton Gospels ' 
read ]>a gastlice Jrearfim,* )>a sibeume,' )>anne ytemeste 
fer]>yng,' and so on ; and it is too much for any 
moderate partisan to assume to limit closely in time 
the commencement of such a falling ofi" of " the 
" marching soldiers." 

The s of the nominative and accusative plural in 
-a]* is sometimes, at least in the MSS., wanting ; as 
in Caedmon, if Ctedmon, MS. p. 42, line 17, Sbame 

■F. 67, line 34, ed., p. 74,lme31. 
For tlie idiom compare p. 89, line 9, 
p. »0, lioelS.p. 9I,liiie29. 

3 Fnttiiig the Uodiiftnie g1o«SM 


[■cnlbefC poapCme • ]>a inc paspon pojibum mmuin fiejte 
fojibobene ; to Adam, thou gavest fruUs, which, to you. 
tvx> vm-e by my words firmly forbidden. Nenrly so, 
id., p. 119, line 11, MS. eopSan yasyttna; id., p. 74, 
line 23, heopon pujla. PseudoCsedmon, Harrowing of 
Hell, MS, p. 223, 7, pnlfepe htefbe :* pitej* clomma - 
]:eonbu oSjrtejtebr' to his glory he had davrtpa of 
puiiiahmsnt on hia enemies fastened. Leechbook, 
lib. L, cap. v., leje on \b, peolope, lay upon the lips. 
Pylle ^ fseprpone on cu meolce ; boil ilu sap diipa (of 
oah rind) in cows milk, Leechbook, Ub. II., cap. Ixv., 
2. " Pliadas sibun srejipi," gl. C, for seofon sceoppas. 
Cod. Ex., p. 476, line 9 ; 429, 30 ; Lorica, p. Izxi line 
7, line 15. 

Some feminines made the genitives in s; perhaps 
* irregularly, and from a desire in the writer to find 
some mode of marking the genitive distinctly ; thus 
ea, a river, makes eaj* ; ' emnihcep is of the equiiiox 
in the treatise de Temporibos; bicep occurs in the 

Ofconcuimit The early manuscripts, representing sounds, more 
than modem feshionable spelling does, often omitted 
some one of many concurring consonants. Thus they 
wrote pypcpuma, where derivation required pyptcpuma, 
80 frpenSu' for fcpenjCu, piU>e<^ for pil6 beop, nem)^ 
for nenmj*.* 

This suppression of consonants often, to a modem 
eye, confounded grammatical inflexions; hie habbalS 
me to beappan jeoopene, Cfedm. ? MS. p, 15, line 15, 
Hiey have chosen me to be ekief; instead of jecopenne, 
which is the true syntax. Beppeoh iSe peapme ; wrap 
'' up warm, Leechbook, lib. L cap. ilvii. 1, 2. 

' FBc-gimilG of page 14 of Iad- I * No. 730. 

denlBlc MS. Alio Chron., p. 190. > Cod. Exon., p. 65a,liDe8. 

C.CC.MS.,p.l<i.. Cott Tiber. B.1, • Msttli. i. 31, edd.ManbaU uid 

vhich MS. I he-re ezuniiKd. { CmmbTidgc Univ., 185B. 


So as to be ■warm, the predicate explainable by caan 
tlrai, coDstantly occuiTing in the Hellenic and other 
kngooges ; " Wipe the table dry," where an adverb is 
quite oat of placa 8e J)e ajaa j-ceal on Jiam jifi jate 
hj!je j-unbe ; wJto vn/ust have on the journey a mind 
sound, Cod Ezon., p. 430, line 10, ed., for junboe. The 
editor rightly supposes h^e to be masculine ; it makes 
genitive h^jef ; (Paris Psalter, Ixviii. 6,) has the mas- 
culine adjective holbne in Beowulf, 531 ; minne in 
Cuedm.? MS. p. 19, line 21; and hatne, Paris Psalter, 
Ixxviii. 38. The passages in the same Faria Psalter, 
Isi 8, 11, may be explained in more ways than one. 
This disguise of a masculine termination is very com- 
mon in participles ; since the syllables -enbne contain 
a combination, which no one but an elocution master 
will fling fi-om his lips with comfort. Hence explain 
bpuj-enbe hyje. Cod. Exon., p. 165, 25, ed. Thus tenne 
laman on bebbe hcjenbe, Katth. ix. 2, where the Lin- 
disfame MS. has bccenbe m be]ie, and the Hatton 
cuts off the final vowel : thus again, he jej'eah mnne 
man prcenbe, Matth. ix. ^. Beheol6 .... bypnenbe 
beSm, the people beheld a huming hea/m, Csedm.? 
MS. p. 148, line 4. I shall not multiply citations, for 
Eemble has already remarked, Beowulf, 92, Appendix, 
" mnborwesende is the ace. sing. . . . Participles not 
" unfrequenlJiy have this anomaly and omit the n." ' 
Any comlanation of sound, however, which rendered 
the n of the accusative indistinct on the teeth gave 
occasion to a neglect of the unsounded letter by the 
penman. Deofol is masculine in the Gospels ; there- 
fore undffine beofol, Luke iv. 33, is for unchenne. On 
" mine jehypa^ anpealbne ^e^o^r:, " Beowulf, 508, 
Kemble says we most read nfinne.' So jpene for 

' Sec the nnetlled for ftltoratlon. 1 Hatton GoapeU, (u 
Cod. Ex., p. 449, line 30, ei. Matth. v. 43. 

* Su, Hne nestan, )4ii« feond, 1 



Sjienne, the reading of MS. H. in Herbarium, art cxi. ;' 
Sne, the reading of MS. T., Herbarium, xxvi* A vacil- 
lation in the spelling of that form of the infinitive 
which follows CO, as ro monianne, ro moniane, Tnonendi, 
ia observed in a MS. of the ninth century. On the 
same principle are constructed the usual forms eopepe 
not eopejijie, upe not upjie, o8pe not otSejipe. 

A reasonable explanation of a reading is always 
better than an alteration. 

The feminine nominative singular of adjectives ended, 
in remote times, in a short vowel, in full analogy with 
the Latin : this vowel is found occasionally with all 
forma, and is not confined to such words as {■meel. 
l^eji tp jmame • pjieolecu nuej, Osedmon? MS. p. 101, 
lines 19, 20 J here is a i4rgin, a ladyUke may; htm 
bjuhchcu mSj - on phee mobjum > m^ne^um Suhre, 
id. p. 89, line 16; to them a ladylike may in heatity 
to many proud ones she seemed : lujni lanjfumu, id. 
p. 91, line 4, longaome love : cpen mec hpilum hpit; 
loccebu hon6 onlej^. Cod. Exon,, p. 489, line 7, ed, 
Ic com punbephcu pihc, id. p. 399, line 17, ed. ; 
p. 400, line 16 ; p. 406, line 15 ; p. 407, line 7. piht 
com lepceji peje pprotlicu, id. p. 416, line 23, ed.; an 
Jraepa nimnena J>e ptei" fp^jie fsegpu. Dial. Greg. MS., 
one of the ■mms who waa very fair ; nieniju rmejme)-, 
ibid. In the Leechbook will be found jobe,' f^teaxnhco, 
hpice, Jjyplicu, lycelu, sem;u, oj^pu, cneopehce. Nu- 
merous examples occur in Rawlinsons Boethius, and 
he had no theories nor pledged opinions to defend.* 

The definite form of the adjective is sometimes used, 
in poetiy at least, where the definite sense requires it, 
withoat following either " the definite article, any 

' v. L. 15. 
* mxge Mm fobe broD, lib. IL 

but pOBtibly otherwise 

< See BoeL, p. 44. 17, with the 


" other demonstrative pronoan, or possessive pronoun 
" or genitive case." Thus, him tec heopcan jTob 
ieccepne ojib ; at his heart stood fast the venomed 
point ; Deatii of ByrhtnoB, So piilbo|ipEBjtan pic ; the 
glorious abode, Csedm. (if CiBdm.) MS. p. 1, line 21 ; 
rpejl TOphran pelb, Oie blazing aeais, ib. p. 5, line 13, 
MS ; " beophre jefcapc, the bright creation, ibid, p. 6, 
line 13, MS.;' btej eepepCa:' jej-eah, the jvret day saw, 
id. line 14. It ia not necessary to continae Uiese 

An adjective placed immediately in juxta position A^jeedvei 
with a substantive or another adjective could dispense ^J^^^on 
with its case inflexion. The examples are very 
numerous, but most of them have been disposed of 
by the hyphen system, making them half compounds ; 
in that treatment there is some truth, for a termina- 
tion doing duty for two consecutive words, makes 
them draw very close to each other, and we have 
something of the same kind in such words aa fuKay- 
;^oXla, We shall therefore have to rely on instances, 
which do not admit of this explanation. Examine 
therefore ppam ])ij- pi jplejan. Death of ByrhtnoiS ; poB 
jeleapan, Csedm. MS., p. 106, 16;' Co J>e an jei/pa*. 
Cod. Exon., transcript, foL 120 b, line 16; Ic ;ej:pee;n 
fep hiele)>um bpinjenbe an ropbcne butau tun;an nla, 
ibid., p. 113 a, line 1, where hpmjenbe is for hpmjei^ne ; 
On yij ^Ican ^eape, Chron., annis 1042, 1056. Mib 
Y\ pepobe, Csedm.? MS. p. 19, line 11. "Hopno Jnj- 
" jepe," Gl. C, twice ; eal 6a eappeVu, Cod. Exon., 
p. 74, 5, ed. In some of these caaes the emendator 
may perhaps override the written record, as in j^o 
boG be $ip ylcom X^, Homily on St. Mark, MS., 

< F. 6, line 27, Bd. Thorpe, wbere 
ipegel ii printed. 

* P. 8, Ibe 28, ed. Thorpe ; where 
^jttxfc ii printed. Old MSS. 
often write liinple a. 8o the cdd 

hand in p. IB, line S, Ua had 


> P. 140, line 10, ed. Thorpe^ who 
haa pot Ilia iiccenta. 


wliere anotlier manuscript gives be ]n]-uin ;y]ciiia; but 
tlio extunples of all sorts together may be counted by 

Bat for myself, the representation of an adjectire 
standing immediately before its substantive, as being 
more truly an approximation to a compound word, 
than an epithet, is tolerable only in some examples, 
as in j-mtel {)eapmaf, BTnaU guts, psepneb cynnef, and 
these cases are distinguisbable in spoken language by 
their having only one fall accent on the group of 
syllables. Other instances, aa hpeap sejpu,' rww eggs, 
50b apenbe j-py^Se mj'cel pen, Ood sent a heavy Tain, 
do not commend themselves on this principle to my 
judgment Even such phrases aa cj^inj alpihca,^ are 
better sense, if treated as eall for ealjia, than if con- 
sidered as compounds. 

I have before' observed that the case ending -um, 
becomes by loss of the final consonant -e. Rask * had 
remarked this of adjectives, but the translator ^ struck 
out hirf words. The change however is seen in sub- 
stantives, and in short, it is a mere decay of termina- 
rinral verb* jn former treatises " I have observed that by the 

loss of N, verbs plural in -on, come to end in -e. 
By this simple explanation, harmonizing with other 
changes in our early language, we fiilly understand 
what has been called "a verb with a singular termi- 
" nation joined to a plural nominative,"' "a singular 
" for plural." 
Sabuintfyet Adjectives become substantives, and are sometimes 
twefc masculine, sometime feminine, sometimes neuter.* 

' L««ehlN>dt, lib. L xxzix. 3. I • St UBrhirete, p. 80, No. 13 1 
'CocLBiMi.,p.43,ll,rf. ■ N«rr«iniicoto,p.73. 

' Note to CsdmoD, p. 99. Oro- 
• St. Marharete, pp. 79. 80. ^j^^ ^ ^Jiorpe, note to p. 4G8. 

' Gnnunar, p. 57, ed. 1817. I • Neater only, aeconling to 

'Page 46. I Thorpes QnnimBT, ui. ISG. 


Ab iSoTos, aome water, ia used partitively. ao in Panitive 
Swson EDglieh the genitive denotes some of. An ^"' """ 
example occuis in Med. de Quad., viii. 6. In that pas- 
sage, obeerre also, ppetpe agrees either with aptdbpe, 
which is feminine,' or with junbe, whereas it is the 
apple that is sweet, and appel is maaculina 

The Leechboofc takes a luge licence of careless con- Apposition, 
stmction. In a list of the ingrcdienta of a receipt it 
commooly uses nominatives, though a verb requiring 
accusatives had preceded. It often constructs as if we 
should say, Dato legroto banc medicinam, ieiunus ; 
either because it is equivalent to Bibat tegrotns banc 
medicinam ieiunus, or from simple carelessness, or on 
the principle remarked above, that a termination was 
of supererogation. 

Ijelacnia^ for jelacna'S, p. 322, line 7, and apanban 
for apanbab, p. 374^, line 19, are errors of the manu- 
script, not of the types. 

There are some other points to be noticed, but for 
tiie present my tether allows not to speak of them. 

I must gratefully acknowledge the privilege of access 
to the library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 
and the especial kindness of two gentlemen, who gave 
me the means of complying with the rules, at the 
sacrifice of their own convenience. 

' Cod. DipL, Ho. 624. But in Iceludlc Apaldr is given m masculine. 




Page xlii. The office books of the Bonmn church lomeliiiies acknow- 
ledge the efficacy of these knott. Thiu from a " Sacerdotale ad consue- 
" tndinem RomaiiBi eccleiiEe, etc," printed at Venioe, 1S6T, De Signia 
qniboa cognotcitnr qois eeic malefleiatua ^bewitched) ; one ia thug slatcdi 
" Qnibiudam ligata est vena generationis." 

Page xItl note 1. f epht oecurt in this aense in the glosa. Ariolomm 
|>a > pomrerihccpenui'G • salbojisaltTift. gL Cleop., foL 8 c. Lje in carry- 
ing to his dictioDary pompphc, atimtut pavor, folloired a Use e^mo- 
logical idea. At foL 100 A. the same irords are thus given, Va -f pomj^whe 
■•enia'ti. The page cited ghonld be 162. 

Page hriii. aote 4. "Bead peda. For n"Bee> Me Cod. Ezon. p. U, IS; 
^ 316, 14." 
Page 14, line 19. noiu, oTerBtroke not to be read. 

Page 30, line 12. FE^op. 

I*age 60, line 9. apTpijenne. 

Page 66, line BS. sopsonion. 

Page 78, line 24. jiyll, rjle- 

Page SO, line 4. beyoben, the H8. is creased ; line 9. ace ; line 11. 
Sonne ; line IG. t«i:. 

Page 94, line 23. se rap- 

Page 96, niL ne scjleon, (so dotted). 

Page 100, line a. FcopmaS. 

Page 112, line 16. CRxa. 

Page 138, line 19. pontinm. 

Page 148, line 10. hyc 

Page 174, line 18. hatf,t or |t»r. 

Page 184, line 19. Efr£; line 23. |>orma|iim. 

Page 188, line 6. XiXj. 

Page S04, line 15. pypce. 

Page 216, hne 20. Ikieaihcam. 

Page 268, line 10. pypce. MS. V. 

Page 272, line S. seh'Sisat. 

Page 287, Une 15. Strike imt " ad mennram." 

Page 310, line 21. )>ani. 

Page 314, art clxzz. The text lequiNa emeodation. Bead rhnnan 
eoiin ; that if, ^i''"*" Solis. 

Page 318, note IS. Strike ont "twice." 

Page 3Se, line IS. V. omits o^. 

Page 330, line 9. eoplSaa. 

Page 350, Une 31. Eeleb. 

Page 359, Hne 16. phlegma (aa note). 

Page 378, strike oot the top line. 



A paiitHwi mthfigvAva thus explained. 









mcipmra camttu ubm medicinalis.' 

KoiCEN hejibe'-beConica f if bifcopp^t; 

1. pi6 imhjpum nihtjenjum' -j pi8 ejerlicom* je- 

ryhJniiQ 1 n-epmrn. 

2. Dyp mannej- heap o6 cobpocen f y. 

3. pi8 eajena fajie. 

4. pi8 e&pena. ]*ape. 

6. pi6 ea;«ia bjinnyrre.* 

6. pi8 cypenbe eajan. 

7. PiiS rpjBbone blobpjne of nopim. 

8. Pi6 to> ece. 

9. pi8 pban j^pe. 

10. pi6 leob^i* bpfflbena pt^e. 

11. J>i6 pambe pape. 

12, piC |«et; nuumef iiuM* eo fwjT fj. 

IS. Pi6 j} men' blot) upp pealle^ ^pli hif mnC 

14. pi6 ]} nuui uelle beon bpoocen." 

15. pi6 ^"' man pille pppinj onjej-ittan. 

16. PiB f man py innan abpocen." 

17. Pi6 jS" man on myoelpe pabe o]>J«e on mjclum 

jansmii peopjw jeCeopeb." 

' The puily illegiWe, 

' moD, H., which nukea th« t«* 

fliB rnhrio not rtanding. The order 

in which the herb* come h not in 


H. M in V. 

• bpM, V. i fcpnncra. H. B. 




" tohp-. a B. 

* esrl-. B. 

" hw EiF. H. . 


".„«*. H.s-i«*,B. 




L Name of wort beionica, that is, bisliopwort, , B. offieinalu. 

1. For nuuiHtroitB uDctumal viaitora and frigbtful 
sights and dreams. 

2. If a mans head be broken. 

3. For Bore of eyes. 

4. For Bore of ears. 

5. For dimness of eyes. 

6. For bleared eyes. 

7. For strong blood-running from the nose. 

8. For tooth ache. 

9. For sore of aide. 

10. For sore of the broad of the loins. 

11. For sore of belly. 

12. In case a mans inwards be too costive. 

13. In case blood gush up through a mana mouth. 

14. In case a man have a mind not to be drunken. 

15. In case a pustule * is going to settle on a man. 

16. In case a man be inwardly ruptured. 

17. In case a man become tired with much riding 
or miking. 


18. pi6 f ' man fj unhal o]f^ hine planje. 

19. "prS f maimej mete ea)>elioe jemjlce.* 

20. pi6 )( man ne meeje hip mece jehealban. 

21. pi6 msioj^' pape o)>)>e ;ip he a)iunben* jf. 

22. piK aecop Jnjene.' 

23. PiK nffibpaQ' pine. 

24. 6pe piQ met^uti plice. 
2B. pi6 pob«i' hunbep plire. 

26. Pi8 f* mannep }^ocn pap p^ o)>|>e hip ppypan 
hpf Ic bteL 

27. PiB lei^ena' p(^e -j pp hip }»eoh iioen." 

28. Pi6 ))one hacan. peopop." 

29. pi6 poc able. 

13ejiba apmjlopa ]> yp pejbpieb.'' ii. 

1. pi6 heapob ece. 

2. piji pambe pape. 

8. JUP mnoj-ep pape. 

4. Gfc pi6 ))on )ie man on 

pambe poppearen" pj 

5. Pi|> J;on Jw mon tmph 

bip apjanj blobe i 


G. piiS f '• man pojipunl^a'j'* pj- 

7. pi6 ]! man p^lle mannep pambe ))ptenan.'" 

8. piS ntebpan phte. 

9. Qfz pi8 nffibpan plite. 

■ 10. pit> inpypmap. 

'♦5ir.H. > 

lmabtBM,R.: lWii-,B. 



• innoj*. Y. 



' bjube, H. i bp»6f, B. 


• pexcn. H. B. 



' pebe, H. B. 




1 8. In case a man be out of health or feel nanaea. 

19. That a mans meat may easily digest. 

20. In case a man camiot retain his meat. 

21. For Boro of inwards, or if they be awoUen. 

22. For taking of poison. 

23. For bite of snake. 

24. Again, for bite of snake. 

25. For bite of mad dog. 

26. In case s mans throat be sore or any part of 
lus neck. 

27. For Bore of loins, aud if a mans thighs ache. 

28. For the hot fever." 

29. For foot disease. 

IL The herb ap\iiyXiBVffa*, that is, vaybread. 

1. For head ache. 

2. For sore of wamb or belly. 

3. For sore of invordij. 

4. Again, in case a man be ill grown in wamb. 

5. In case a man have a nmning of blood from 
his anas. 

6. In case a man is badly wounded. 

7. In case one wishes to make a mans wamb dwindle. 

8. For rend of adder. 

9. Again, for rend of adder, 
10. For inward worms. 

' At diitingaitlMd from the oold ferci or agoc 



Ih pi)) ^' maonej* lichoma* tf ^eajibob. 

12. JhC f* men j-J )«]• |:eoji)>an beejer fep]i. 

13. }h)> fOK able ■] pi6 pna jvpe. 

14. Pi8 Jiam* fejrojie ^e ff {rjubbui tueje ejlej*. 

15. piC J«m pefope Jw J>J" (Bpcpan iweje to cjinl>.' 

16. pi6 punba hatimjffi." 

17. Pi8 ^' mannej' per on j-Jfie rjbpien. 

18. pi6 ^* men peapjebjuebe peaxe* on t>am nofum 
o68e on (lam hleope.*"' 

19. Be GBjfapylcnm niicu]nim bisebpam )>e oa mannef 
nebbe prcaS. 

20. pi6 muSej* pnnbe. 

21. pi6 pebe bunbej- flice. 

22. Pi6 lelcej" bsejej- mannej- tybbejmjffe mnepeajibef . 

I3epba qninquepolium f ij- pfleape. ni. 

1. piB f " mannej* If^fn seen ojijie on sejdojen fj-, 

2. pi8 pambe j-ape. 

3. pi)) mujiej" ece -j tunjan "j ]>po'can. 

4. pij» heaFbej" j-ape. 

5. Pij* ^" men blob ut oj: noj*am Jpne" to fpjjt 

6. pi)) f " mannej* mibpij: ace." 

7. pij* mefepan j-lite, 

8. pi)) ^ man popbwimeb j-^. 

9. Ij^f ))a pylle cancqi" ablenban.*'' 

' ♦ W, H- 








• =im.», H. 










11. In case a mana body be hardened. 

12. In case a man hath a quartan fever. 

13. For foot disease and for sore of smews. 

14. For tertian fever. 

15. For the fever that cometh on the second day. 

16. For heating <^ wounds. 

17. In case a mans feet on a jonmey are tender. 

18. In case a. spreading wart wax upon a mans 
nose or cheek. 

19. Of all strange bladdeni which ait on a mana 

20. For wound of month. 

21. For rend of mad dog. 

22. For chronic internal tenderness. 

HL The herb qninqnefolium, that is, fivelea£ Poumaia 

1. In case a mans limbs ache or have been beaten. 

2. For sore of wamb. 

3. For ache of mouth and of tongue and of throat. 

4. For sore of head. 

5. In case blood run too strong out of a mans nose. 

6. In case a mans midriff acheth. 

7. For bite of adder. 

8. In case a man be badly burnt. 

9. If thou wilt blind a cancer.' 

' That la, prevent ropponilioii. 




1. J^epba aepmenaca f if tefc|)potu. IT. 

2. pi6 panba •{ beabfpiun^af "j c^jinlu. 

3. 6pc pi6 cyjinln. 

4. Pi6 )» )>« habbo^ teCfeanbene tabpan fpa )ib6 ^ 
blob ne msB^' hif ;ec;^'^^^('*°* pyne babban -j hyjta* 
]>y2iie jehealban ne majon, 

5. piS bfpe fhf. 

6. Pi6 }>a* nntjiuDuiyjye )>e rtanaf peiaet>* on blnb- 

7. Pifi heapob ]"ap. 

8. piS ntebjiau plrce. 

9. pi6 aceopcoppan bite. 

10. piK pebe bunbep j-bce. 

11. piB nipe punlwla.* 

' 12. piiS nsebpan' j-bce. 

1. Kepba fymphomacam* f if benne" belle, v. 

2. pi)) eapena fap. 

3. Pi6 cneopa jefpell"* o)))ie pceancena" oSSe j^a 
hpsep" [T>a on licbamaD" jeppell j-y. 

4. pij" topa pape. 

5. piK ]Hepa'* ;epealba j^p ojijie jefpeU. 

6. Pi)''" Jisec pifep bpeofr j-ape" ayn." 

7. pij" F*"^ pap." 

8. pij) lunsen able. 

■nutsc, B. 

' -cynbe-, H. B, 

■ hcopA >iS«»( H. B. 

* ta. B. omiti. 
» ptx««, H. B. 

• -bbn-, B. 
' piuib»,H. 

■ -ca, H. ; V. ilmoU bded. 
"hnmie, H.B. 
" -Tpc'i 0-> and bo often, but not i 

al*.y.. j 

" r<ane-, H.B. 
" Jtpa, H. B. 

"rve. B. 


IT. 1. The Iierb vermenaca, that is, a^thro&t. Verbata 


2. For wounds and carbundefl and glandntar swellings. 
8. -Again, for keraels or glandular aweUinga. 

4. For those that have obBtmcted veins so that 
the blood cannot have its natural conne, and for thoM 
who maty not retun their food. 

5. For sore of liver. 

6. For the infirmity in which stones grow in tiie 

7. For head sore. 

8. For bite of snake. 

9. For bite of attorcop, drawn as a fiymg moth. 

10. For bite of mad dog. 

11. Fot new wounds. 

12. For bite of adder. 

r. 1. Tbe herb symphoniaca, that is, henbane. HymcgoMn* 

2. For sore of eora 

3. For swelling of knees, or of shanks, or whereso- 
ever on the body a swelling may be. 

4. For sore of teeth. 

6. For sore or swelling of the privities. 

6. In case a womans breasts are sore. 

7. For sore of feet. 

8. For long disease. 

' a got efam i u a&m b docribed in the test, but that ii not oar hoibane. 


1. JSejiba mpepina f if nsebjie' pjjit. VL 
3. pi)> neebpan flire, 

2. IDep bi6' uenejua f jj beo yfpc til 
S. pit> )wie becm ne tHe fleon. 

S. pi))* }itec DOAQ jemisan ne mie;& 

1. JSejiba pef leooif f if leonfoc. VIU. 
2. piji* Jwec man sf cif.* 

]3ejiba foelepaca f if clajrOunj." ix. 

2. Pi6 pTmbela" -j beab rpjiinjaf. 

3. Jhy fpjiaf t peajitan. 

1. Idepba bacjtacion f if clapp^C x. 
S. pij> monotS* feoce,' 
3. pij) }« fpeapcan 6olh. 

1. J9epba f^temefia )«9t if mujcp^e. xl'" 
2. pits imio)>ef fape. 
S. Pi6 pWft j-ap." 

]3epba aptemifia tajancef f fy o^f cyiinef 
mncsp^c, xu. 

1. pi6 blffibpan" fepa 

2. PiJ> J>eona" fi^e. 

' H. writes liqiba kU slang, and 
I would ben emend ■ceordbigl]'. 
' eo cir, H. 


* reocne, H., tcA. 191 i. 

" (Fran H.) T, omjta all this 
wort by miitak^ and makca the 
Diuubering ftnlt;. H. writes 
■pBoiepa Imc, but widi m in ihe 

" -bbp-, B. 


TL 1. The berb Tiperina, thai la, adderwort 
2. For bite of adder. 

ViL 1. The herb Teaeria, that ia, beevort. A 

2. That bees may not fly oS. 

S. In case a man is unable to pass water from 
the bladder. 

Tm. I. The herb pea leonia, tiiat ia, lions foot. ^ 
% That a man may not be choice in diet. 

a. 1. The herb Scelerata, that is, doffing. 

2. For Tonnde and dead ulcers. 

3. For swellingB and warts. 

X. 1. The herb /Scn-pa^^ioy, that is, clovewort. 

2. For Innatica. 

3. For the black scars. 

Zi. 1. The herb artemisia, that ia, mugwort 

2. For sore of Inwarda. 

3. For sore of feeb 

xn. The herb artemisia tagaates; that i^ mugwort ArttmiMa 
of another Mnd. 
I. For sore of bladder. 
S. For sore of thighs. 

■ Periu^ betta godcnta ; botanical n 

s an often Uatorieal identifl- 


4. Ejf bpa mill poe able fpjjw s^ri'^'^*^ VS' 

5. Cy): hpa ry mib fe):»|iiim* jetijiehr. 

D^ba apcemifia lepcepllof f fy Jipibbftii cjnnef 
mucjpjpt. xni. 

% pi)> }>sef majan fape. 
3. Pi^ loapa fina bipnoje. 

Depba lapatiiun f fy bocce.* xjiii. 
2. Pi6 cfpnlu Jie <m pealbe' peaxej>.' 

]3epba bpacoocea f ^f bpacencfe. xv. 

2. Pi)) ealpa niebpena' flice. 

3. pi)) banbpyoe. 

Cepba j«cjpion f yf pepnej*' leac XVL 

2. pi6 «apfo6Loe poubela. 

3. pi)7 eagena fapij. 

Jdepba jeonaiia f yf pelbpypt. xvil 
2. PiK mebpan flitre. 

Idepba opbioulapi]-* ^ yj- j-liCe. xnil. 

2. Pi6 )> maimef fex' pealle. 

3. pi)> innoCer'* jt^unja. 

4. Pij) milcan Tape. 

* 5crp«"icct>, H. B. ' -bbp-, H. B. 

* fcpU] B., k contnctioii u | ' h|iBFiier, H. ; lipefner> B. 
ipcAm. ' FMx, H. B. 

' booM, B.i et xxxiT. '* moots, B^ nuking a eompowid 

• trptitet, H. B. I ■■>>«««rtiTe. 


3. For sore -and swelling of smews. 

4. If one be mncli tronLled with foot diaease. 

5. If one be vexed with fevers. 

Xin. 1. The herb artemisia Xtxr^uAXe;, th&t is, mug- jhobmui 
wort of a third kind. '^'^ 

S. For sore of the stomach. 
3. For quivering of unews. 

xiT. The hwb XmraBsy, that 18, dock. Amwi 


2. For chiimels which wax in the groin. 

XV. 1. The herb Saotxomia, that is, dragons. AnmJroi 

S. For rend of all snakea 

3. For bonebreadi. 

XVI. 1. The herb ffanpiot, that is, ravens leek. Orchii. 

2. For difficult Voimda. 

3. For sore of eyes. 

XTii. 1. The herb gentiana, that ia, field wort ^J^S^ 
2. For bite of adder. 

XVIU. 1. The herb orbicularis, that ia, sHte. 

2. In case a mans hair &I1 off. 

3. For disturbances in the inwards. 

4. For sore of milt or spleen. 



]^pba ppoj*eppinAea' f ft imp^iiejiebbe, XTIIl 
S. pi)> f man blob fgnpe. 
8. pi]" fifean f^ie. 

4. J>ij» bpefc*' j-ape. 

5. J>il» eajena Tape. 

6. pi)> et^enajvpe. 

7. JhJ) ntBihte. 

Idepba apittoloohia* f fy pmepo p^pt. xx. 
2. piQ actpq- fl:pene6e.* 

5. pij) ]>a Ibijmjtan' F^P'^r- 
4. pij> iiffir)>iip]a' rape. 

6. }HJ> j^' hpa nub o^le jepfebt; f^. 

6. ]>i)> nsettpan' lUce. 

7. D^f o^lb hp^lc* ahpesneb tf. 

8. piji f ptephbpebe" on noBum" pexe. 

l^epba naj-tcpCium f yj- cffipfe. XKi. 

1. pi|»'* fee nuutnes fex^Fealle. 

2. pi}) heafob aape- ^ ^s pi6 fcnpp ^** jicjiui. 

3. pi^ hoq- fapnJrfe.'* 

4. pij> fpjlar. 

5. P))> pelican. 

J3epba hiepibalbuf '" f Jf jpeafce pypr. xxn. 

2. pif bf. r«p^ 

3. Jjip nebcopn on pipnannep nebbe pexot'' 



* hpfh! Mlh, E. B. batter. 


■• )«; m pcpk, H. 


" HO)*, H. B. 

• J^d^ B.) HtJ". h. 


' 1) Sq; H. In the text of B. two 

M -, priS, H. 

dnwingi of enn are pnrided fiv. 

" -neije, B. 

■Dd diii mikoi the nnuben of the 

■• scpibulbu, H. 

pmgr^iha in the ctmtoiti differ 
from thow in B.'i test 




xzx 1. The herb proaerpinaca, thai it, nntroddeti to death. PofygaiKm 


S. In case a man spew blood. . 

3. For Bore of 8id& 

4. Fop sore of breasts. 

5. For Bore of eyee. 

6. For Bore of eaxB. 

7. For diarrhcea. 

XX 1. The herb ifi<m}>ax.l», that Is, fimearwort.' 

2. For strength of poison. 

3. For the atiffest fevers. 

4. For eore of nostrils. 

6. In case one be tronbled with the cold, 

6. For bite of adder. 

7. If any child be in Borrow. 

8. In case a warty emption grow on the nose. 

XXI. The herb nastortaoin, that is, cress. if. officinale. 

1. In case a tu f i-tii ^ hair fiJl ijff. 

5. For head sore, that is, for scurf and itch. 
S. For soreness of the body, 

4. For swellings. 

5. For warta 

xxn. 1. The herb Up4^t^{, that is, great wort. 

2. For sore of joints. 

3. If pimples wax on a womans &ce. 



Dejiba apoUmaiuj-. f if jlof pJpC ixin, 
2. piK lianba p^e. 

Depba camemelon* ^ ij- niase))e. xxim. 
1. piS eajena' j*a|ie. 

ISejiba cbamebpij- f if heojic cUeirpe. XXT. 
S. Djf hpa tobpjfeb j^. 
S. piK'nsebjian* (lite. 
4. pij> potable. 

13e|iba chameeeleee ^ if pulpef catnb. XXTT. 

1. PiJ) lifep feocnyffe. 

2. pij> Aee|ief bjiena* 

3. pij> pfetejt feocnjfie. 

I>e^ba ohamepitli^f f if henep.* xxTll. 

1. pi)> panbela. 

2. Pi)> innt^f fAjie. 

Depba chamebapne f if jiEepnef" fo?. ZXVin. 

1. ]?i8 uino)> Co ftfc^ijenne. 

Ii)e|tba ofcpiajo ^ if hfipyjic. xxTiui. 

2. pift ealle )>in;c )>e on men ro sajie innan' at 
nefce' beoB. 

Dejiba Iqueaiiiuce ^ if hsepen hj'bele.' xxx. 

1. pi]> matSef st^e. 

2. 6fC pi6 mo)>ef s^e. 


• hpep«r. B.! hiwiiMr. H. 


• -»tp-, a B. 


• bybell. T.; hoybcbe, B.; but 

• nia, B, tal Imn. in th. 



XXIII. 1. The herb apollinaris, that is, glovewort. Connanaria 
2. For sore of handa. 

xxiT. The herb x'f^^'^M^'i that ie, maythe. AmhemiM 

1. For sore of eyes. " "" 

XXT. The herb ^ap-aiip-js, that is, hart clover,' 

2. If one be bruised badly. 

3. For bite of &nake. 

4. For foot disease. 

xxvL The herb ;(afM»tAaia,* that is, wolfe comb. Dipnam nil- 
1. For liver sickness. 

3. For drink of poison. ' 

3. For water sickness, divpay. 

xxvii. The herb x««f***«""''fj-that is, Iiemp(?). Ajaga flama- 
1. For wounds. 
2 For scnre of inwards. 

XXVIII. The herb yaiuula^vii, that ia, ravens foot." 
1. For the inwards, to stir them. 

XXIX. 1. The herb ostriago, that is, lithewort. SawJ/netu 
2 For all things which are formed in a man as a 
sore inwardly. 

XXX The herb Brittanica, that is, bright-coloured hydele. Ok*?miw 

1. For sore of mouth. 

2. Again, for sore of mouth. 

' Tbe IlellcDic ii Germander, { * The Iletteoic is Rtttut racemo- 

TaKriam C; UwEDgUiIi ia Mt- I tuj the Englidt Ranmcului fca- 

dita^ maenlata, rith qfficinaliii. I riii. 

*Tbe Saxon nndentood Ihia at | 


3. pi|) tojMi iape. 

4u piji faejme umo6 to afcyjiisenne.' 

5. pi8 fiban i"aj»e, 

]3epba laccuca filuaCica ^ if pubu lectjuf^ XXXI. 

2. J^i)! e&jena. bynmeyfe.* 

3. SfC pij) eajena* bynmjffa* 

]3epba ajpimoma ^ ij- jajidipe. xxxn. 

1. pi6 eajena yaye, 

2. JhC innofier j-apc. 
pi^ cancoji ^ pi6 pDiibeI& 



pij) luebpan^ j-hte. 

pij) peaprao. 

piS milran pape. 

Gyp ))u hpilce" piQjc on ))am lichomaa' ceoppan 

Pi)» pleje ipepnep. 

J>epba apcula pejia p ip pubu pope. xxxm. 

1, piB pceancena* pape. 

2. pi)> lippe eape. 

Jdepba lapacium • f ip puba bocce. xxxnn. 
1. Gyp hpjlc fcijjiiep on hchoman' becume. 

J^epba oencanpia maiop • f ip cupmelle pec mitpe. ISIV. 

1. pi6 Iipep able, 

2. piS pimba ^ cancop. 

' -piannc, H. ■ In V. pille, with 1 craBcd aat 

* pipe, V. H, h preflxod, pradaced hple : hpilce 
' evpajt, V. Short vowels not B. H. 

much thonght nf. ' -hanun, B. 

* -ncjTe, B. " pean-, B. 

* -bbp-, H. B. ■ -huou, B. 


3. For sore of teethu 

4. For costive bowela, to atir them. 

5. For sore of side. 

XXXL 1. The herb lactuca silvatica, that is, wood lettuce, t. tcanOa. 

\. For dimness of eyes. 

2. A^aiu, for dimnesa of eyes. 

xxsit The herb agrimoDia, that is, garcliTa A. enpaitna. 

1. For Bore of eyes. 

2. For Bore of inwards. 

3. For cancer and for wounds. • 

4. For bite of snake, 
fi. For warts. 

6. For sore of milt. 

7- If thou wilt carve away anything on the 

8. For Mow of iron. 

Txxin. The herb haatula regie, that is, woodrnflr. -Asfoddia 

1. For sore of shanks. 

2. For sore of liver. 

ZZZir. The herh \airaiof, that is, wood dock ^|^ '*«- 
1. If there come any stiffness on the body. 

XXXV. The herb centaurea maior, that is, churmel the Cltlora p*r/o- 
greater. '""* 

1. For liver disease. 

2. For wounds and cancer. 


t)ejiba cenraupia mino[i ^ ij" cupmelle peo lier|-e,' 

S. piS ntebjian* j-liCe. 

3. piS eajena* fape. 

4. 6fr pi5 jjon* ylcon,* 

5. pij» j-ina tojiinje.' 

6. J>i)> artjtef onb^|ijm;e, 

7. yiy Jiffic p^maf Jmb napolan bejujet'.* 

J3e)>ba peppnacift' f if bere. xxxtil 

1. Pi6 ealle jmnba -j pi)) nsebpan"* fliwip 

2. ■ 11 . ■] pit> fefopaf. 

3. pi5 f " cancon on pantw pexe," 

4. p)J> inuc^f sftpe. 

5. piiS pebe hunber fliCe, 

6. pi)> nipe punba." 

Depba ppaja f ly rtpeabep^e." XXXVIII. 

2. pi6 milran pape. 

3. pi> nyppyt." 

3. PiJ) iniio)wp pajie. 

Etepba hibipcup f ip meppc mealpe." xxxix. 

2. pj6 pot able. 

3. pij) selce je^abepnnsa |»e on l>am bchoman" accn- 
nebe" beoJ>. 

■ li^, Vt ft compendium scrip- 1 • pf-, V. B., • compendioni way 
rm ; 1mit«. H. B. of vritfog, or (horthond. 

• -bbp-. H. B. j '• -t*l>-, II- B. 

• «KeM,H. " tST.H. 

• t«m, H. . " I««e. B> 

• twpiwi, H.1 beiHEM, B. Ooe " -lupe, IL B. 
leechrraft is here omitted in V. B. " -ham-, B, 



XXXVI. Tlie berb centaurea minor, that ie, chvamel ^rgi^rasa ca 
the less. ""^ 

2. For bite of snake. 

3. For sore of eyea. 

4. Again, for the same. 

5. For spasm of sinews. 
G. For tasting of poison. 

7. In case-vorms about tbe navel annoy. 

xxiviL Tbe herb personacio, that is, beet; beia. 

1. For all wounds, and for rendings by snakes. 

2. And for fevers. 

3. In case a cancer wax upon a wound. 

4. For sore of inwards. 

5. For tear by mad dog. 

6. For new wounds. 

XXXVIII. 1. The herb fraga[ria], that ia, strawberry 


2. For sore of milt, 

3. For oppression on the chest, and sore of inwards. 

XXXIX. 1. The herb hibiscus, that is, marsh mallow. AliAeaofici- 

2. For foot disease. 

3. For any gatherings which are produced on the 



J^pba ippipuj" ■ ^ If SBqiuj'eia. 

1. pij> utyihr. 

2. pijf f man blob fpyjie' pfieoe. 

]3epba it)al|« ■ eppanca f ly hoclea):. SLi. 

2. pi8 bJsebpan^ sape. 

3. pie sma iape. 
i. piS siban j'ape. 
5. PiS mpe punba. 

JDepba bujloppi f ip hunbep tunje. XLli. 
2. Eyp hpylcum men py ))8ep Jjpibban fcffijep jepop' 
oiMSe Jisep peoppan. 
5. pi8 nyppyc* 

]3epba bulbipciUatica f ip jleebene. xuil. 

1. pits psBtep peocnyppe.' 

2. pij> li6a pape. 

3. pij> Jja able Jie Jpecap papanicbiap nenmeft. 

4i. pip f* man ne nieeje ptecejifeocep nuumep ))apfc 

Ji^pbs cocilebon ^ yp umbilicup uenepip. xuv. 
2. piB ppi'lap- 

I^pba jalli cpup f ip arcoplatSe.' ILV. 
2. Pi6 bunbep flite. 

£>epba ppappon f ip hape bune. XLVI. 

1, pi6 jepopu *j pi6 f be bepelice bpiece. 

2. pi6 majan pape. 

' -Mrre, H. 

fpipe ^ hpwjf, H., ipils and. 

' tfK pr. H. 

1 -bbji-, H, B. 

■ S«-. B. 

' i*n'. H. 

' Lye, in hig Dictionary, prinls 

^ So B.i oyiiprc, U.; omitted in 

iJacto|ila«e, which is not Jttitified 


by the MS. B. 



XL. The herb Ixmugis, tlut is, equi seta. Hm-sttail 

i. For diarrhoea.' 

2. In case a man break up blood much. 

XIX 1. The herb malva erratica, that is, hock lea£ Mahaat- 

2. For sore of bladder. "" "' 

3. For sore of ainewa. 

4. For aore of side. 

5. For new wounds. 

Tif.T i 1. The herb ^ouy^«<^o■oy, that is, hounds tongue. Cymghuiat 


% If any man have a tertian or quartan fever. 
5. For oppression on the cheat. 

XLIII. The herb |3oA^of (rxtAXi)Tixof,' "that is, gladden." /ri* pwHda- 

1. For water sickness. 

2. For sore of joints. 

3. For the disease which the Greeks name wagmn^ieti' 

4. In case a man be not able to cool a dropsical 
mans thirst. 

XLIV. 1. The herb xorvAiqBiov, that is, umbilicus Veneris,^/wfoii. 
2. Against swellings. 

Xiv. 1. The herb galli crua, that is, attorlothe. Panuxmemt 


2. For rend by hoimd. 

XLVL The herb -wBaiTwv, that is, horehound. MaTmbittm 


1. For poees, and in cose the patient break heavily. 

2. For sore of maw. 

I Id this aK,, and in art ur 
the text hu a difierent pbrue. 



3. piiS penjpypma]- ' aburan* najiolan. 

■i. pi)> lijia j-ajie -j pi6 jejnnt).' 

5. pi6 artpej- I'ljne.* 

6. yi]f peel)* -j tereji. 

7. Pi8 lunjen able. 

8. Jhb ealle fn&Depj'a )>8Bf lichomsD. 

J^pba 2ipion ^ ip poxep pot. XLTII. 

1. yi'p uncuSe fppinjaf ]>e on lichoman' aceuDcbc' 

2. pi)> heapob bpj^ce • -j tecjuje ban.* 

J^pba jaJli tpicup • f ip ptecep pjpt. xLVUt. 

1. Ij^p fpylap psemnmn bepien.' 

2. J>iJ> "* 8ffir maonep pex " pealle. 

I9ejiba Cfmolup* f ip pinjpene. xux. 
2. pi6 cpi6an" sape. 

I3epba seliocpopbup- f ip pijellijieojifa. L. 

2. pi)' ealle atxpu. 

3. pi6 pleppan. 

]3epba Jjiyap f ip intebejiu." ll 

2. ]h^ ban ece "j pi|) ban bpyce.'* 

3. pi6 a^ic ^p ■ \>e ^am liclioman "* 6ejic|i. 

Pcpba poliEjucup • ^ ip hymele" Lii. 
2. J'i8 innolSep pajie y pi6 ^ pex" pexe. 

pyn-. H. 





" j«a, B. 


" cli(«ii, H., 



H;e«, H. 


'■ -6e,.e, H. 

-luuo-, ]J. 

» bi.«w, H. 


H. { 

" -ham-, B. 

11. omiw three vords. 

'■ humelf. B. 

bfjiian, B. 

" jeBx, B. 


3. For tapeworms about tfae navel. 

4. For soro of jointsi and for puffing up. 

5. For taking of venom. 

6. For Bcab and tetter. 

7. For laag disease. 

8. For all stiffneasea of the body. 

XLTii, The herb fi'^io*, that ia, fores foot ^!!^""" 

1. For strange poatolea which are produced oQ the 

2. For head breach aad pmscmoua l^s. 

XLViii. The herb nxwirpixis, that is, water wort CaSHrkhe 

1. If BwellingB annoy maidens. 

2. In case a mana hair fall off. 

XLix. 1. The herb fMAu,' that is, singreen. 
2. For sore of matrix. 

L. 1. The herb ^>ior/i^iov, that is, solwherf 

2. For all poisons. 

3. For finx. 

LL 1. The herb griae, that is, madder. 

2. For bone ache and for bone breach. 

3. For every sore, which vexetli the body. 

Lii. 1. The herb wakurpixo!,' that is, humble.* 
2. For sore of inwards, and in case hair fall off. 

' Now believed afiiim Mofy. 

= CompBre uL czxxvti. 

■ Now bdivTed kair mo». 

•cribcd in the text u a hiir n 

I "liite twine brittleti" bnl 

drawn, nor yet u a trefoil. 
I ' Hop trefoil. 



J^jiba malocbin ajpia ^ ij* pubupofe.' Lili. 

1. ]>i)> uej-ihc* 

2. yip umolJej' jJepjim. 

X>eiiba mecojua' f ij- hpic popij. Liiii. 

2. pi}> Imnpouja* j'ajie. 

3. ]?i6 flieplefifce.'' 

JOepba oenantep LT. 

1. pits f man jemijan oe meBj.' 

2. Dyp hpa fpyfe hjiffice." 

tJepba napcifuf- f ij- halj*pypr. ltl 
1. pil? {« punba ^ on men beoK acenneb." 

I5epba fplenion • ^ if bpime " pjpt. LVU. 

1. pi6 milcau ftqie. 

I3epba poliom LVTII. 

2. pi& D10D06 feoce. 

Jdepba uictopioU ^ if cneopholen. ltiiii, 
1. pi)> ftone 6popaa ^ )j»f majaD fape. 

J3epba conppma f ij- jaliuc. lx. 
2.' pi)> pipa plepj-an. 

3. Hff hpa lonaii tobopfren " a^. 
4t. P16 ma;an fape. 

■ |«bd.popiH. 


■ uephK, H. 



• p«i., V. 

Bnd rw-l'. or ri™-, or nW. 

■ BcnDDcb, B.; acnl 

mebc, U. 


'• bjlDDt. H. 





Ull. The herb /t-afJixit »ypW that is, woodruff. Asfodeliani- 

1. For diairhcea. 

2. For flux of inwards. 

uv. 1. The herb meeonia, /iixaiv, that is, white poppy, p. wwwi/enm. 

2. For sore of temples. 

3. For sleeplestiuess. 

LV, The herb oUi»i>t ; now dropwort 

1. Id case a man is not able to pass urine. 

2. If one break strongly. 

LTL The herb vafxto-trof,* that is, halswort* 
]. For the wounds which come out in a man. 

LVn. The herb spleuiuni, aspleniuni, that ia, brownwort' 

1. For sore of milt. 

Lviii. 1, The herb iroXtov. Tnicriut 

2. For a lunatic 

LIX. The herb Tictoriola, that is, kneeholm. Buacuiaem- 

1. For the palsy and sore of Uie maw. '"'*"' 

Lx. 1. The herb confirma, comfrey, that is, galluc, Sfw^hghm 

2. For womens flux. '^^^'*- 
S. If one be inwardly bursten. 

4. For sore of maw. 

Wild iiibIIow, pudea nleatrii. I < Freaumed propcrlj canpanMla 
Ai art. xxXiii., md test liere. j traehtlnm. 

Notcertainljidentifiediperhaps ' Usnallj ncrofitlaria aqualica. 
'ciLt. I Sec text, tnuiBlatloii, and gl. 


)^|iba afcejiion. LXI. 

3. pij» pylle' feocnypj-e," 

JSepba lepopi)' pej" f if baiion liyne.' LUL ■ 
1. pi6 inno5ef fieftnyjTe. 

I^jiba bicramnuf. LXiii. 

3. pits* ^ssc pip lieebbe on liype inti(^* beab bopei 

3. Jh^ punha. 

4. JJi)) nsebpan ' plire. 

5. pi)> arcoji [^ijene. 

7. 6fc pi6 nipe punba. 

]3e]iba polajo maioii ^ ip lieliopcoiipiOD. LXUIL 

1. Gfz pifi Dsebjian* alire. 

Ji>e]iba polajo nimop ^ ip teliocpopian. Liv. 
Pi6 jien5pj|imap " aburan '" napolnii. 

JOepba peonia. LZTL 

2. pi)j moDo6 " peocnyppe," 

3. Pi]> hjpe'* ban ece. 

JScpba pejiifceiiion''* f yp bcjibeno. LXVIL 

2. pip hiinbep beopc'* 

3. pi^ ealle occpu. 

JSepba bpyonia • f ip byinele.'" Utviil. 
I. pifi milran eajie. 

' i^lle, H. I ° iiyo-, H. 

' -ii»n*t B- ' " -COD, B, 

' Read hisei bis, n. " iiiaoS,B., but right in text 

' t pr, H, " -nqre, h. 

* iDDO^e 1 B. omita. " ype, V. 

■ -bi^i, H. " pi, V. B., bj ihortluiid. 

' -**|i-, H. ■' ceb-, H. B. 

* -tbp-, H. B. I '■ hnmde, B, 


I.XL The Iierb Aorfsiof." 
3. For the fallicg aickneaa. 

jJUh The herb leporis pes, that is, hai'es hie. Tri/aiiMm ar- 

1. For oostiTeneSH of inwards. 

LXiiL 1. The herb SSttraftrof. Dipiamtnn 

2. In case a woman have in her womb a dead 
borne fcetiis. 

3. For wounds. 

4. For bite of snake. 

5. For taking poison. 

7. Again, for new wounds. 

LXIT. The herb solago malor, that is, ^Xisj xt^iof. Hrlioimp! 

1. Again, for bite of snake. 

LXT. The herb sulago minor, tiiat is, ^^iOT^aVigv. 
For tape worms about the naveL 

LXVI. The herb iraimia. 

2. For lunacy. 

3. For hipbone ache. 

LXVIL 1. The herb TtgitrTiftm, that is, verbena. ' 

2. Against bark of hound. 

3. Against all poisons. 

ixvin. The herb ^fu»y/«,' that is, humble. 
1. For sore of milt. 




13epba nymf eCe. LXIX. 

1. pi8 urj-ilit:. 

2. Gjrc |>i6 urpiht. 

3. 6fC pits mno^j- • j-ajie. 

liejiba, cjiipon ■ f if dsefpe. Lxx, 

1. pt}> jomena ptjia. 

Kejiba ifatif. L i x t' 

2. pi6 iifebbpan flice. 

13epba foopbea. LXZil. 

1. ep pi8 mebjiaa* flitre, 

2. pi6 pna j-ape. 

3. piB feyo . 

]3epba uepbafcuf f if jrelb' pypc. LXXIII. 

1. Be jKiin ^e mepGupiui* ]»]• pypw uilixe j-ealhe, 

2. piB ealle ypel« ^eacfma-Y.* 

3. Pi6 jror able 

]3epba hepaclea. Lxxmi. 
piB* J>ieC man pylle opeplanjne pej jrepaji ^ liim i 
pceaSan' oi^paeban. 

JSepba ceelibonia ^ ip cylejnnie." lxxv. 

1. pij> eajena' bynjnyppe"' -j pajmyfj*."' 

2. Gfc pits b^mjenbum easum, 

3. pi)> cypnlu. 

4. Pi)) heapib" ece. 

5. pii> Jwft" man jebsepneb yf. 

> V. omits here article lxsi.; i 
H. diffen: it tat, xciti. Dejiba ' 
iiacif. PiS n«bbpaD j-l'ce. iciui. 
Titpba iracif. ep; pifl nsMpan 
rim. The text had been fsQlt}- io 

' -bbii-, B. 

• ros'Ban. B. 

* r*«H onbpertw, H, 

' -t>eoie, B.; -inige, EL 

■' -p^.II. B. 


LXK. The herb mft^xia. ^ 

1. For dysenteiy. 

2. For dysentery. 

3. For BOre of iuwarda. 

T.TT, The herb nij^mv,' that is, clover. 7 

1. FcB- sore of &aces. ^ 

Lxxt 1. The herb iffttrif, tvoad. ^ 

2. For bite of adder. 

lxxe: The herb o-xogBtov. ' 

1 . Again, for bite of snaka 

2. For Bore of Binews. 

3. For fever. 

ixtin. The herb verbascum, that is, feltwort. [ 

1. Of how MercuriuH gave this wort to Vliies. 

2. Against all evil gaincomera, 

3. For foot disease. 

LXXIV. The herb ^^axAi/a, k&raclea. 
In case a man wish to travel an overlong way and 
dread no robber. 

hXXV. The herb ;(iXifoyj«, that is, celandine. ( 

1. For dimness and sormeBB of eyes. 

2. Again, for dim eyes. 

3. For chomelfl, gh/ndiUaT hard notUmga. 

4. For head ache. 

5. In case a man is burnt. 

I ' Carduwi parv^ftonu. 



• Dejiba j-olaca • ^ ij- foloj-ece. I.xxvr. 

1. pij> 3erj>el 

2. pij> eapena' fajie. 

3. yip tois ece. 

i. PiJ> bloN iijrne oj: noj-um. 

l^pba feuecio • f ij- jiiuu^h; fpjiije. LXKVII.- 

2. Pi6 punha |ieah hj ealbe j-j^n. 

3. Pi]> ij-epner fleje. 

4. pij» poc able. 

5. Jhp len^Da* rape, 

I5ej)ba filis f if feapD. Lxxvrri. ' • 

1. pi[> punba. 

2. pi))' )«!: jeonj man heiUjhe * sy. 

J3epba jpamen 1? ij- cpioe. LXXVdil. 
Pi)> miliAn fape. 

l^epba jlahiolum ^ ij- jlnjbeae. LXxx, 

1. Pil» biffihpan jape -j [pi6 f he]" jemijan ne mscxp- 

2. PiJ) luilran j^pe. 

3. pij> innoftej" pape -j jJiBpal' bpeofoi. 

J^ejiba poj* mapmum ^ ij* boKen. T.XXXI. 

2. Pi)) to6 ece. 

3, 4. piJ) ablijeabe -j pi5 jic6an.' 

5. yip lifep peocnjpye ^ ))wr iDDt^p. 

6. yip nipe pUDba 

I^epba papCinaca piluuaCica f if pel6 mopu. LXXXIL 

2, piji JifflC pt]iaeQ eapfofthce oennan." 

3. yip pipa ai^opmunje." 

' MScDft, V. ' bat V. doei doI afiM tlitt fonn af 

' laDbcDBi, H. B, I expnadMi. 

.*5,r,H. ■|*i«».H.B. 

' [ ] Omitted lo V. B.; pr, II.; , j. 


LXXVI. The ]ierb solnta, tliafc is, solsecle. Afaiggold, gl., 

1. For swelling. 

2. For Bore of eora. 

3. For tooth ache. 

4. For blood-mnmng from the nose. 

LXXTii. 1, The herb senocio, that is, groundiiel. s. ml;iar!s. 

2. For woundfl, though they be oIA 

3. For blow of iron. 

4. For foot disease, gout. 

5. For sore of loins, lumibago. 

LXXViiL The herb filix, that, is fern, AipiiHum, 


1 . For woands. etc. 

2. la case a young man be ruptured. 

Lxxix. The herb grameD, that is, quitch. Triticum 

1. For sore of milt. "P"'- 

LXZX. The herb gladiolus, that is, gladden. Iritpscm/a- 

1. For sore of bladder, and in case a man cnnnot mie. 

2. For sore of milt 

3. For sore of inwards and of the breasts. 

LXXZL 1 . The herb ros marinds, that is, bothen. n. officinaUa. 

2. For tooth ache. 

3, 4. For the sickly, and for itch. 

5. For liver sickness, and of the inwarda 
0. For new wounds. 

LXXXii. 1. The herb pastinaca ailvatica, that is, 

2. In case women with difficulty bring forth. 

3. For womens cleanaings. 

> FaMlinaca laliva (wClIi, it SNini) daueni earola. 



l^jiba pepbicalif •* ^ if bolhpune. lxxxul 
% pi)> ):oc able ^ pits canco|i. 

I9e|tba mejiCQpialip f if cebelc LXXxniL 

1. piB )iBBf innoBef heapbnjfj-e* 

2. piji eajena fajie -j jefpelle. 

3. rry-f pEeCep on eapaa fpy)>e jepjen ' y^. 

Depba jiabiola* f if efop feapn. LXXXV. 
2. pi6 heafob ece. 

Ji^ejiba fpapajia ajpefrif f ip putrn cepnille." LXXSVI. 

1. pij) blffibpan" fape oJ»J>e jefpelle. 

2. Pi]» CoC ece. 

3. pij) sebbpena pape, 

i. pijf Jiflat' Jpel man Jmph iQp{>aocan^ o]>epne 

Kepba fabina- f if fapnje." LxxxviL 

1. pij> tosunsa'" J«epa " fina -j pijj pota jeppell. 

2. pi)) beapob ece. 

3. pij> beab pppinjaf. 

. I3epba canip caput • f if liunbep beapob. LXKXVlll. 
pij) eajena pape -j jefpel,'* 

JOepba cpupn • $ if bpemel.'^ Lxxxrx. 

1. pip eajiena fape. 

2. pij) pipep pleppan. 

3. PiJ) heopr ece. 

' pforiMii,V.B.,andtforlir, V. 

' -set), IL 
* -lum, H. 

' -ne, H-i rauine, 1 

" tapa, B. 
- -rpflle, 11. 
" bjiOhrl, H. 


IxxxnL 1. The herb perdicaliS) that is, dolhruDe. ParUtaria 
2. For foot disease and for cancer. 

LXXSIV. The herb mercurialisj that ia, eheadle. M.perehnu. 

1. For hardness of tbe inwards. 

2. For Bore and swelling of eyes. 

3. If water is gone deep down into the ears. 

Lxxiv. The herb radiolus, that ia, everfern, 
2. For head ache. 


LXXXVL The herb ivitdgeeyo! agrestJB, that is, wood chervil. A. aeuti/olim 

1. For sore or swelling of bladder. 

2. For tooth ache. 

3. For sore of kidneys. 

4. In case an evil man through spite enchant 

Lxxxvir. The herb sabina, that is, savine. /bihjwtus 

1. For spasms of the sinews, and for swelling of feet. 

2. For head acha 

3. Forcarbnnclea 

LXXXTiii. The herb canis caput, that is, hounds head.' ^<iit>rAi'n<iin 
1. For sore of eyes and swelling. 

Lxxxix. The herb eruscus, that is, bramble. Mubus 


1. For sore of ears. 

2. For a womans flux. 

3. For heart ache. 

' Snapdragon . 


4. pij) nipe punba. 

5. pi)) li^a yape. 

0. Pij* nsebpan ' fliCe. 

l^pba iQilleFoIium )» ij- jeappe.* xc. 

1. pij) ii^pnej" (leje -j f acbillej- ]>a,y pypte punine. 

2. pi]> to6 eee. 

3. pil> punba^ 

4. pi^ serpen. 

5. PiJ) p ' man capfo&lice * semi^an mteje. 

6. EJf punb on men " ficolob ' sy. 

7. IiJf men' f heapob bepfce" o68e uncuS ypi'le 

8. ep pip \am ylcan, 

9. Eyp hpylciim men rebpan" aheapbobe j-jn olipe 
111)" metre jemyltan njlle. 

10. pit» Jisepa )>eapma ece *] l;!ec mnottej". 

11. piiS'" ^r men ^ojo&a ejbje. 

12. pi J) heapob ece. 

13. pi]> pam mebbepcynne J>e mivn fpaianjiiif 

14. Gpt pi6 nsebpan'* plite. 
16. pijj pebe hunbej' plite. 
16. pij) nscbbpan j-lite. 

J3epba putav f 

i; pube." xcr. 

1. pi5 pffit 

'* blob Of norum clope. 

2. pi6 coJiunbennei7e. 

3. p.6 ^r 

masen j-ape. 




" * S>F. H. 

■' liiErtS,R 

* Ml>, V. 


' man, H. 

" (From B. H.) The wUde Ru 


is wholly omitted in V. 

' mmi, n. 


• eob-, B. 


4. For new wouods. 

5. For sore of joints. 

6. For bite of adder. 

XC The hei-b millefolium, that is, yoii-ow. f^jtii^n 

1. For blow of iron, aod to tell that Achilles found 
this wort. 

2. For tooth aclia 

3. Foif wounds. 

4. For swelling, 

5. In case a man with difficulty can mie. 

0. If a wound on a man be chilled. 

7. if a mans head burst, or a strange swelling 
fix npon it. 

8. Again, for the same. 

9. If any mans veins be hardened, or his meat 
will not digest. 

10. For ache of the guts, and of the inwards. 

11. In case spasmodic hiccup ail a man. 
IS. For head ache. 

13. Against the poisonous creatures called fakayyia, 

14. Again, for bite of adder. 

15. For bite of mad hound. 

16. For bite of adder. 

XCI. The herb nita, that is rue. nuta grave 

1. In case blood flow from the nose. 

2. For a pui&ng up. 

3. For sore of the maw. 



4. PiB ea;ena fape -j jefpelle. 

5. Pi8 OFepsitmlneffe.' 

6. Pi8 eftjena bymnefj-e. 

7. piB heafob ece. 

J)e]iba mentafopuf." SOU. 

1. pijj eapena f^pe. 

2. pij> hpeoflan. 

IDepba ebiiluj- ^ if peal pypC XCUL 

1. JTiJ)^ jjfet fcauap on bla^bpan* pexen. 

2. piji Mabpan' plice. 

3. Piji paecep peocnyjre.' 

jbepba pollejion ^ if bpeopje* fepoplc. XCIV. 

2. pi6 Jia3p iimo|>e]" Bape. 

3. Pit> Jiaep majan j-ape. 

■t. pij) jicjian JiEepa " pceapa.'" 

5. Gjx pi6 JiEEj" mnoSej" fape. 

6. PiJ> |»im F^fope J>e }>y ]>pibban bseje " ejlejj. 

7. Ifip beab bopen cilb py on pifej" inuoSe. 

8. Eip hpa " on pcipe plseccan ^lije. 

9. pi^ blsebpan. '^ rape ^ f jTonaf )>sepou '• pexen. 

10. Ey-p hpa'* onbutan" hip beopCan o66e 'on hij- 
bpebpCan fap jwlije. 

11. Ijyf hpilcum men bptunma bepie," 

12. pij) Ksef majan i^unbennyppe -j Jjaej ttinoJ«p. 

' -col-, H. 

" 5erc-> H. 

" f If mince 


" bes. H. 

'ebulu + .r 

dlenpyjB:, H. 


* * S"!^. H. 

" -bbp-, B. 



• -6bp-, R 

"Spa. a 

" -COD, B. 

■ bp»rle, H. 

" -piW. B. 


i. For sore and swelliog of eyea. 
5. For imconsciouaDeea 
G. For dimness of eyea, 
7. For head adie. 

sen. The herb mentastrum Wtat is, liorsemint]. Meniha 


1. For sore of ears. 
3. For leprosy. 

xciiL The herb ebulus/ that is, wall wort. SamAucu* 

1. In case stones wax in the bladder. 

2. For bite of snake. 

3. For water sickness, dropsy. 

XCIV. 1. The herb pulegium, that h, dwarf dwostla^ Mcuthu 


2. For sore of the inwards. 

3. For sore of the maw. 

4. For itching of the shapes, oIWm. 

5. Again, for sore of the inwardti. 

6. For the fever which aileth on the third day. 

7. If a dead borne cliild be in a womans matrix. 

8. If one on shipboard suffer »ea sickness. 

9. For sore of bladder, and in case stonea wax 

10. If one suffer sore about his heai't, or in his 

11. If spasm vex any man. 

12. For swelling of the maw, and of the inwards. 

' Anthoritj, Buch as it is, reads ebulum, but tbt cbolua of tlic botanuls 
i> agre«able to the analogies. 
* PenajiojaJ. 



13. yip milcan j-a>pe. 

14. pij> lendeu' ece -j )>i6 }>eo&a^ j-ajie. 

I9epba nepitamon JJ ij- nepce.' xcv. 

2. pi(» neebjian * j-bce. 

]3e|iba peucebann ^ ip cammoc. xcvi. 

3. 6p pi6 ntebpaa* j-lite. 

4. pij> jejjtcleafte * fsef mobej". 

J?e])ba Iiiimula caaipana f yj* j^Mpe* pyjit. xcvii. 

1. pjp bliobjian' yajie. 

2. pi]» roJ>a rape •] pa3unse.* 

3. Pi)) penspjpjnaf " ymb '* J^one napolan. 

ISepba cynojlojT'a f ij- jubbe. SCVIIL 

2. pip nsebpan" yhte. 

3. pijj J:am pefope )w )iy }:eop)>aii bajje '* on man 

4. pi)> ^ '^ man pell ^obyjian ne nueje. 

Repba faxifitajiam f ij- j-unbcopn," xcviiiL 
2. pij» ^".jTanaj* od bliebpan^' )>exeiL 

JSepba hebepa nijpa f ij" eopBipj, c. 

1. SpC pi5 ^ '* jranaj" on bl^ebpim pexen. 

2. pij) bra-pob ew. 

'l.n*«D.H.i Ji^,B. 

" -t*i.-, B. H. 

= Konl, B. 

"t«5,H.,fol. iao,b. 

■ nejxi-, IL 

» becymS, B. IL, foL 120, b., but 

• -«)|.-, B. 

uV.iDfol. ISC, L 

' -Ij-fte, B. II. 

" ♦ S'J, IL 

" SoH.i V. B. omit tlie rubric, 

' -bbji-, B. 

but iiueit in the tut 

■ PW-, H. 


• pyn-, 11. 


■• j-mbocan, U. 

" f, B. omit). 


13. For Bore of milt. 

14 For ache of loms and buttock, aud sore of thiglis. 

ZCV. 1. The herb ncpitamoQ, that itj, nepeta.' 

2. For bite of adder. 

xcvi. 1, 2. The herb nuxiSxtos, that is, cammock. P- officimk. 

3. Again, for bite of snake. 

4. For witlessness of the mind. 

XCVii. The herb inula campana,* that is, spear wort. 
1. For sore of bladder, 

5. For sore and wa^ng of teeth. 
3. For tapeworms about the navcL 

xcviii. The herb xuvv/fMairov,' that is, rib, ribwort. Planiago 
S. For bite of snake. 

3. For the fever which cometh on a man the fourth 

i. In case a man is not able to hear well. 

XciX. Tba herb saxiiraga, that is, sundcom. S.granulaia 

S. In case stones wai: iu the bladder. 

1. Again, iu case stones wax ia the bladder. 

2. For head ache. 



3. pi]j niilraa fajie, 

4. PiJ> p£Bpa ' pyjima I'lite J)e man fpalonjionc]* 

5. epr pij» tiajia punba lacannje. 

6. yip pier* nasffiypla Jpele fnacen. 

7. pi]i pasc' man ne imeje pel jehypan. 

8. pij> ^* heafob ne ace fO]i ]"iuuian Lieran.'' 

ISepba j-ejipiUuf • ^ ip opjana.'^ cr. 

1, pi]j heafbep' pape. 

2, GfC pi6 heapob ece. 

3, Eyp hpa popbepneb* sy. 

I3epba abpinthiup* ^ ip pejunob. Cil. 

2. pij) IseUi -j pi5 oppe pap. 

3. pip penjpypmaa." 

li>epba salpa. CIII. 

1. Pip jicpan pJBpa jepceapa.'" 

2. 6pc pi6 jicpau pajp j'etlep. 

lOepba colianbpa j> ip" ciiii. 

1. piS penspyjimap.'" 

2. pip jj pip lipajbhco cennan " mffije. 

Ji3epba popclaca. cv, 
Pip ppyplicne pleppan piep psebep. 

]3ejkba cepepolia f ip ceppille.'* CVI. 
pip piep majan pape. 



' l-Bi ST. H. 


' * S'r, H. 

•• -reaps, B. 

' f K H. 

" Blank &Uo in B. H. 

> hicsn, B. 


• o|.sanc, B. H, 

'■ CBOnan, H. B. 

' h«,JQb, H. 

« cejindle, B.) c^mUe, H. 



5. For sore of milt. 

4. For bite of the creeping tilings that are called 

6. Again, for liealing of those wounds. 

6. In case the nostrils smel] iU. 

7. In case a man is not able to hear weE 

8. That the head may not acho for heat of the sun. 

CL The herb serpyllus, that is, marjoram. C 

1. For Hore of head. "" 
3. Again, for head acha 

3. If one be badly burnt 

Cll. The herb d^Miov, that is, wormwood. ^ 

2. For weals and oth» sores. 

3. For tapeworms. 

cin. The herb salvia. 

1. For itching of the viriha. 

2. For itching of the seat. 

CIV. The herb xofiwi^**. C 

1. For tape worms. 

2, That a woman may bring forth easily. 

cv. The herb portulaco. s 

1. For a strong flux of the seed, gmwrrhcea. 

en. The herb cerefolium, that is, chervil j 

1. For sore of the maw. 


SSepba j-ifimbniuf. CVU. 

JSepba olifatjia. CVlii. 
6ft pi6 bbet>pan' fape -j Jwr micjao. 

JSejiba libum • ^ ij* lilie.' cix 

2. Pip nBebjian fbre. 

3. pi)> jej-pelL 

J^jiba tyryinalluj" calantef ^ Jf laccejiiba. CX. 
S. pi)> ])iBpa iimopa ]*aj)c.^ 

3. pi)> peajicau. 

4. pi)> Iijieoplaa. 

tSejiba cajibuuj- j'lluaticuj' p ip pubu {nfcel. CXL 

2. pi)) psej* inajao fape. 

3. pij> ^ pu nane fyele jencyma]" * Jw ne onttjucbe, 

ISejiba lupmum moncanum. 

2. yip ^ pj'iimas ymli pone nafolan bepjeo.^ 

3. pip f^ album ^ rJlpe bepije. 

13e}iba laccypiba ^ ip jip copn. cxiii. 
pip pBBf mno8ef heapbnJTTc' 

]^|iba lacraca lepopina ^ if lactuca. CXiiiL 
2. Pi8 pepopsenbe." 

' >iV f man, which the wDtence 
teqnirea, are omitted in V. B. H. 
for ths wke of brevity in the index. 

• -t*)!-, R 

' JJiBe, II. 

* S«ui-, II. B. 

* l>c|<i5aD, B.; bqucni H. 

" -senbne, H. 


CVU. The herb trurufrfifiov. Mtniha lilmia. 

i. For sore of bladder, and in case a itmn cannot mie. 

cviiL The herb olusatrum. Smj/nium 

1. AgfUQ fbr sore of the bladder and of the mie. * "™' 

Cix. The herb lilium, that is, lily. 
S. For bite of snake. 
3. For BwelUng. 

ex. 1. The herb nflufwiAAof yat^axriniu that is, lacterida.' ^Jj^*" 

2. For sore of the inwards. 

3. For TParts. 

4. For leprosy. 

CXI. The herb carduus silvaticun, that i», wood thistle. Cnicu* 

„ _ , ,, luRceolalai. 

2. For sore of the maw. 

3. That thoii may dread no evil gaincomers. 

cxiL The herb lupinus montanus. ^ f^,^ 

2. In case w(»in8 about the navel annoy. 

3. In case that same should vex children. 

cxiii. The herb lacterida, tliat is, gitli com.* Vaftie lavrtola. 

1. For hardness of the inwards. 

cxiT. 1. The herb lactnca leporino, that is, ka/rea Prenanthtt 
lettuce. '•^"'■ 

2. For the fevered. 



]3eiiba cucumepif j-iluacica f ij" hpephpetce. cxv. 

2. ]?ij» Jaejia' j-ina j-ajie i potaWe. 

3. Jiff cilb mifbojien ey. 

I3epba cannaue' filfatica. cxvi. 

2. pijf 'pgsfia' bpeofca pajie. 

3. Pip cile bEepnettef. 

£>ej)ba jiuta montana • f ij- pube. cxvn. 

2. pi)) eajena feymnyfre. 

3. 6]rc piB bpeofiai j'ajie. 

4. pij» lipeji rajie. 

5. pij) f man jemijan ne mieje. 

6. Piji najbpan* flice. 

J^pba eptapilon ft ip peopnleape,* CXViil. 
2. pij* po'c i^le. 

I3epba ocimuj" • f if mifcel. cxix. 

1. pijp heapob ece. 

2. 6pt pi6 eajena papc • *] jeppelle." 

3. pi]* »bpena papc' 

]9epba apium f ij" mepce. CSX. 
2. pi)) eajena pape -j jefpelle. 

19epb& hebepa cpypocanCep f ip ipj. CXXI. 
2. pij" pietep peocnyppe, 

J5epbft menta • f ip minte. cxin. 

1. pi]> Cetep ^ pi6 pypjljenhe* lie. 

2. pij* ypele holh 'j pi]j punba.^ 

' i>«p»L, B. ■ -rpei. n, 

' cannne, n. ' Omitted id E. B. 

' |>B|ia, B. ■ pepel-, H, 

• -h^p-, II. B. ' B. omits this line. 




CXT. The herb cucumia silvatieoB, that is, 'wherwhet, 

2. For Boie of ihe eiuews, and foot disease. 

3. If a child be aa abortioiL 

CXTL The herb cannabia Bilvfttica. 

2. For aore of the breasts. ; 

3. For a burning, that is blietermg, by cold. 

cxviL The herb ruta montana, that is, rue. 

2. For dimness of eyes. 

3. Again for sore of breasts. 

4. For liver sore. 

5. In case a man be not able to mie. 

6. For bite of snake; 

fcxvHL The herb fcrra^uAXo^, that is, seven lea£ 
2. For foot disease. 

cxix The herb wxino*, that is, miHt«l, basil. 

1. For bead acha 

2. For sore and swelling of eyes. 

3. For sore of kidneys. 

CXX. The herb apium, that is, marclie. 
2. For sore and swelling of eyes. 

cxxi. The herb hedera j^pwroxetpitos, that is, ivy. 
2. For water sickness, dropsy. 

cxxiL The herb mentlia, that is, mint 

1. Agtunst tetter, and a pimply body. 

2. For evil outs, and for wounds. 

Apium petro- 


A, graitecieni f 


]9e[iba anetum f ij- bile. CXXIII. 

1. pi]> jiojjan -j pi6 faji ]»iepa sej-ceapa.' 

2. EJf Jionne pipnen hpsec fpiloej-' bepije.* 

3. Pi6 heafob ece. 

J^ejtba o]ii2&num ^ if oji^ane. cxxiiii. 

1. pi)» )H«ie bjiopan -j lifep able *j nyjipytre.* 

2. pi]* jebpteoeo." 

J3epba j-empejiuiuur" f Jj* pnpille. cxxv. 
pi)> ealle jesabepunja J«6j- ypelan' pseran. 

Bejiba peniculuj- p yf" finul. cxxvi. 

1. pil> jebpseceo* *j pi6 nyppyt.'" 

2. pij> blrebpan" j-ape. 

Depba epipion p ij- 1J}> pjpt. cxxvii. 
2. pijj lunsen able. 

]3epba pinptuj- albup. cxxviri. 
pi)f pipe]" fleppan. 

13epba pecporelmum f ij- peceppilie." cxxix. 

2. Pij> naebpan'* plite. 

3. pi}* Jjsepa" pna j-ape. 

J3epba bpapj-ica ^ i]' mebbep pjpt." cxxx. 

1. pi]i ealle jeppell. 

2. pijf fiban rape. 

3. pi)> yoc able. 

' hpJUicer, H. 
' B. omitB the line. 

' j*pnnimr, v. B. 

' Jef, H., ngMMt the language. 


<' _t*p-, B. 
" Hp*, H. 

"So v.; It ir caQl.B.H.; 
Joje, rightJj-. 



(;xxtn. The herb ivifiar, that is, dill. Am^ihum 

1. For itch, and for Bore of the privities. 

2. If further any such thing trouble a womaji. 

3. For head ache. 

CXXIV. The herb opiiyayov, that ia, marjoram. O.vuiyare. 

1. For the vrlst drop, and liver diseaauB, and 
oppression of the chest 

2. For cough. 

cxxv. The herb sempervivum, that is sinfiill' ^- '""'"'""- 

For all gatherings of the evil humour. 

cxxvi. The herb foeniculum, that is, fennel. ArciI,™/. 

1. For cough, and for oppression of the chest. 

2. For sore of bladder. 

CxxviL I. The herb iji^.'*," that is, lithewort. ^^* 
2. For lung disease. 

CXXVIII. The herb <nij»fiutai' albmn. f7) 
For flux of woman. 

CXXIX. The herb TtrgwriXivov, that is, parsley. Apiumpttr. 

2. For bite of snake. 

3. For sore of the t 

CXXX The herb brassica, that is, cole. 

1. For all swellings. 

2. For sore of side. 

3. For foot disease. 


JTiJi eall' luefebeji cjn. 

J^jiba, maDbjiajojia. cxxxiL 

2. pi)) heapot) ecti, 

3. pi)r )>sepa' ea]ieiLa fape. 

4. piC for able. 

5. pij> jepitleafce.* 

6. 6fC pi{» j-ina ]'ape.' 

7. I»Jf hpa hpylce hepje ypelnyire' on hip hope' 

JSeiiba Ijchaimr rwphamce • J* yy" I»oe pypc' 
PiJ* eal Nsebbep cjn. 

Uepba acAnoQ. cxxxuii. 

2. pi]> ^ man blob -j poppn*" j^iuai^ hpiece. 

3. PiJ» ]>8Bpa" li6a pape. 

]3epba abpocanuj* f if ]Ti}>epne puba." cxxxv. . 

^ Py)> n^PP^" 'j ^saiL ece -j piC piet; mau eapFo]>lice 
jemijan mte;;e." 

3. pi)> piban yape. 

4. pij) octpu 'j pi6 nsebpena" Aire. 

5. Gp: pi6 nebpena plice. 

6. pi{> eajena pape. 


• -lyfce, H. 

*C05ii]ise, H. 

■ -nen*, H.I bejiSIUTiB, B. 

' hpo^, II. 

'jt. y.onda. 

" popmr, B. 

" So H.t V. B. omit the Engliih 

" H. omits the last cluuc ; fif 

" nabbjiao, H.I o/atnaJu. 


CXXXI. The herb ^atriXiirxi), that is, adderwort. 

1. For all adder kind. 

cixxii. 1. The herb fiMnSpayopa; ; Tnamdrake. Ainpan 

2. For bead ache. 

3. For Bore of the ears. 

4. For foot disease. 

5. Far loss of wita. 

6. Again, for sore of sinews. 

7. If one see some heavy mischief in his home, 

cxxxnL The herb Xu^ff ffTef«»ixi, that is, leech- ^3^'^ 

wort? rmmarn 

For all adder kind. 

C3XXIV. 1. The herb HpxTte*.' 

2. In oase a man break up blood and matter mist, 

3. For sore of the joint* 

cxxxT. 1. The herb a^paravov, that is, southern wood.' ArtemitU 

2. For oppression of the cheat and leg ache, and in 
case a man mie with difficolty. 

3. For sore of side. 

4. For venoms and for bite of snakes. 

5. Again, for bite of snake& 

6. For sore of eyes. 

' Nov read at arctium lappa ; but I p^mob, •onthem wormuiood, u i 
DOtMxlravD. thnLib. Med., aod M^. H. givus 

' The true eqaiTalentva^piteiiDe | more modern phrase. 



I>e)iba fion f ij- labep.' cxxivr. 

2. yip ytat jrana)* on bbebpan pexen.^ 

3. yip utj-ihr -j iBnottej- fr^jiunjaj.* 

l;>ejiba eliotjiopuf • f ty pjil bpeojipa* cixxvii, 

2. yip ealpa. ngebbeji' c^na j-htftf, 

3. yip f pyjunftf Jmb )>one napolan bcpijcn." 

4. pi]) peaptan.' 

J^ejiba rppejiicip* cxxxviii. 

2. yip pone colan fepoiu 

3. yip psehe" hunbej- flice. 

4. yip miltau fape. 

' I^pba aizoj* inmo]i. cxxxix. 

2. pip Oman '° -j eajena fajie *] pv aMe. 

3. pij> heafob ece. 

4. pi); Jwejia" p^ma yhve pe mait fpalanjtoaej- 

6. pi)* uCj-ihc -j piji inuofiej' plepj'an ■ -j yip p^gunaj* 
]w on JJam innoCe bejiia]). 

6. 6jx pi5 5ebpyloe unrpumnyfp Jisejia'* eajena.'* 

l^jiba elleboitai* albuj- ^ if ruupinj p^pc, CXL. 

1. Be pfyie pyp.ce msesemim." 

2, yip ucfiht 

8, y\p ftbla -j pi6 ealle ypelo. 

' H. omits tbi« «ort. 

1 'prte.B. 



' -«ns<. B. 

" S»p^ B. 

' V. omila two words. 

1 " h«a«, B. 

• iwebbpeiim H, 

'■ Hp^ B. 


"In the index of B. a IbUo U 

' V. omitt thU Icechdoni. 


• H. •»iiit« two wMtt. 


cxxxvi. 1. The herb clor, that is, laver. S.iaguiitifi 

2. In case stooes wax in the bladder. 

3. For diarrhoea and disturbance of the inwards. 

cxxxvii. I. The herb iXioTprfrio*, that is, solwlierf. Scorpiariu 

2. For bites of all adder kinds. 

3. In case that worms abont the navel annoy. 

4. For warts. 

cxxxvni. 1. The herb spreritis. ^^^f 

2. Againat the cold fever, ague. 

3. Agtunst bite of wood honnd, mad dog. 
4 For sore of milt. 

cxxxix. 1. The herb «ii{;«)ov ftixpo't. f^^"'"" 

2. For erTsipelafi, and sore of eyes, and foot disease. 

3. For head ache. 

4. For the bite of the insects which h%bt faX<xyyis, 

5. For diarrbceo, and for flux of the bowels, and for 
worms which g^ve trouble in the bowels. 

6. For every ailment of the eyes. 

CXL. The herb hdloborus albus, that is, tunsing wort. 

1. Of the virtues of tiiis wort 

2. For diarrhoea. 

3. For diseases and for all evils. 



]:>e|iba buoptalmon.* CXLI. 

1. pij> jehpyloe Jyele rpjiinjar. 

2. Pi^ ffipypblan ^j* licboman. 

Cepba rjiibuluf f ij* jopfc. cxLii 

2. Pi]) m^cele' hseran {waj* licbaman.' 

3. pijf Jiaej" mutSej- -j ]>se|)a jomena fulnypfe -j f<*P" 

*■ P'l' 1* r^MiS'r on blffibpaD pexeN.' 

5. pi]> lu^jiaD" j-lice. 

6. pi)? atCpej" bpinc. 

7. pi8 plean. 

J3epba tx)iiizi' cxLiii. 

1. yiy nfebpan plite ■j »pli;ennJrj-e *] pi6 gnsettap -^ 
micjeap "j pi6 plean -j puuba. 

2, 3. Pi)> pifep opi);aii eo peopmienne • ■] pi6 ^ pip 
ceonan ne mseje. 

4. pi]; ])& oolan );epo{iap. 

5. Jhf heapob ece, 

}:?epba l^icnor manicop f ip poxep elope.* CXLllll. 

1. pi]j Oman,' 

2. pijj pypeljentie lie. 

3. yijf heapobep " pape -j ]>Bep ma^on hfetaa ^ pi6 

4. pi)> eapena pape." 

Kerba jljc^piba. CXLV. 

1. pi)> Jione fepijean pepop. 

2. pi)> bpeopra pape ■ -j ]>repe lippe *j ]«epe bUebpan. 

3. pi]" leahcpap ]«ep maj«p. 

' U. omiu thii wort < -bbji-, B. 

' mjcelpe, H. ; V.'s text has mj'- ' H. omiM this Trwt 
celne. " Kloja, H. 

' y. omitt t«o last wordn. " homiui, V. 

'H. omits this leechcraft. '*-)b-,H;,andomit»8evcD wordf. 

' -bt'iian pcxft*. II. ' " H. omils four Torlt. 


CXLL The herb j8au^«A/(of, oa eye. AnihemU 

1. For all evil ulcerB. ' """ 

2. For damage of the body. 

CZUL 1. The herb Tpi&aXot, trihidue, that is goree. {;'" 

' ° Eurvpaut. 

2. For mickle heat of the body, 

3. For fonhiesB and rottenness of the mouth and 

4. In case stones grow in the bladdei-. 

5. For bitfl of adder. 

6. For drink of venom. 

7. Against fleaa 

cXLiii. The herb xoVu^b, conysal 

1. For bite and driving oS of snake, and against 
gnats, and midges, and fleas, and wounds. 

2, 3. Ad mulieris matricem purgandam ; et si mulier 
parere nequit 

4. For the cold fevers, agues. 

5. For head ache. 

cxLiv. The herb <j-T/)u;^vof ftawx^j,' that ia, fox glove. DiyUuiis pur. 

1. For eryupelas. '"" ' 

2. For a pimply body. 

3. For sore of head, and heat of the maw, and for 

4. For sore of ears. 

cxLT. The herb yXuxiIp^i^a, Uguorioe. 

1. For the dry fever. 

2. For sore of the breasts, and of the liver, and of 
the bladder. 

3. For blotches of the month. 



Rejiba ftjiutnir. 

1. pi^ ^e man jemijan ue mteje. 

2. pij» lipeji feocnyyre 1 nyjipjtce • ■j pi]> j;-py61icne 
hjiacan ^ ' iNno)»ej- rojocennjj-f e, 

3. yip ]> fcanaf on bUebjian pezen. 

4. piji hp€0)Jan. 

5. ]7ij> yfele sejabejiiinje. 

Dejiba aizon. CXLVU. 
1. pi{> cobopfcen lie ^ popjiotahnypj-e -j pi6 catena 
j^pe -j hietan -j popbsepn^nyyfe. 

3. pij" naefepan j-bce. 

4. pij> utpiht -J piC py-pmaj" on mnofw-j pijj ]t>J5- 
licne o;?le. 

]3epba j-ampicbon f if ellen.* CXLVHI. 

1. pijj pfficep j-eocn^'n'^ TnnnitwlidJlT* t'^'^r "•X'^ 
•J mDo]>a afcypunje,' 

2, pij> rppmjaj- -j pits eobopfcen Ito. 

3. PiJ> fooppionef jnncj.* 

4, pi)> mjcele ' liscan -j jenwl ))eepa eajena. 

Bepba frecaj-." CXLVIIIL 
2. pi]" I«epa bpeofta ]*ape. 

liSepba chyafpi]-, CL. 
2, piji ealle -^fele jejabepnnga Jiaej" mno|rep -j pi6 
pifa monofibcftn.' 

]3epba pohop f ij- omtiimopbia. CLI. 
2. pi)» nffibpan j-Iice. 

' 1, v. omiU. I ' -elpe, H., iniWng the prepo- 

' V. is here barnt away. ailion govern two cwn M onec. 

' H. omila apven wrtrie. ' H. omita five word. 



CXLVI. The herb mfn'Mof. GypmjUa 

_ . ilrulliium. 

1. In CBfie a man cannot mie. 

2. For liver sickness, and oppression of the chest, and 
strong breaking, and effusion on the inwards. 

3. In case stones gro^p in the bladder, 

4. For leprosy. 

5. For evil gatherings. 

CXLVii. The herb «i/i;«oi' ; orpme. Std»m TrU- 

1. For huTStcn body, and rottenness, and sore of eyes,*" *"*"' 
and heat, and bum. 

2. For head ache.' 

3, For bite of snake. 

4, For diarrhcea, and worms in the bowels, and ex- 
treme cold. 

CXLVlit The herb iraiftnixos, tiat is, elder. S. nigra. 

1. For water uckness and non-retinence of the mie, 
and stirring of the inwards. 

2. For ulcers and bursten body. 

3. For sting of scorpion. 

4. For mickle heat and swelling of the eyes. 

CXLTX. The herb m-^is. Lacanduta 

2. For Rore of the breasts. '*"**"■ 

CL. 1. The herb Shaim. 7%j«ii«ca»- 

2. For all evil gatherings of the inwards, imd for'^ "' 
womens monthly courses. 

CLL The herb ifiXwi* that is, omnimorbin. 
2. For bite of snake. 



3. pi|> pfBtep j-eocnyj^e. 

4, pijt milran )>pe ^ piB juebpau to afLj«iuie *j 
pi6 mpe ptmba. 

I^epba hypejucon f yy copion. CLii. 

1. "pip mijlfaii -j monoSIican afcypinje. 

2. pi]> jiefoji )»e )>y peop^wm bseje ejle}>, 

3. \Hp ]>Eepa fceancena jeppel -j ece. 

!Dejiba ocanca leuca. CLiii. 

2. pi)i jS man blobe h]i»ce -j ])sep majan fape. 

3. pi]> Jraej" mijSan afcypunje. 

4. pij> JiBepa coiSft j-ape -j yjrele Itda, 

5. pi]> hpamman -j ntebpan plite. 

]3epba acanron ^ if beopypt. CLinL 

2. pi)> inno]>er art^punje -j Jjsej- ' mijISan. 

3. yi^ lunjen aMe -j jehpylee ypeliL* 

I9epba quiminou f ly cymeo. CLV. 

1. pi)» jwer majaJi pape. 

2. Pij> nyppjr' -j ns^paa j-lite. 

3. PiJ>* inno6a coRunbennJiye -j hsoran.' 
i. pip blobpyne of nffifliyplon." 

ISepba camilleoa aJba f ij* puljrej* csepL' clyi. 

2. pi)> ^ pypmaj* on )>am inaoSe ;^nib (loiie naplau 

3. pij» psecep )"eocii;JjTe ^ )wef mi<^^ eapfoBlie- 

' >«r, H. addi. ' httca, H., dropping ■. 

> n. omiM the Utter ciMse. ° -lu> H. 

' -i«t, H., and oniiti the latter ' csrel, H. 
clanee. ' on f«>>» narolwi t>qiisen, H. 

' haps, H. adds. * ^^- omili word*. 


3. For water dckness, d/ropay. 
1. For sore of milt, and to put snakes to fljgbt, and 
for new woimda. 

CIJL The herb iitifixo*, that is xipw. U. coris. 

1. For stirring of mie, and monthly courses. 

2. For the fever which aileth on tiie fourth day. 

3. For Bwelliug and ache of the shanks. 

CLin. 1. The herb ax»*iei Xwx^. Card«ia lei 

2. In case a man hreok blood, and for sore of the 

3. For stirring of ihe mie. 

4. For sore of the teeth, and evil weals. 

5. For cramp, and bite of snake. 

CLIv. 1. The herb axavfljoi-, that is, beewort.' 
i. For stirring of the inwards und of the mie. 
3. For lung disease, and several evUs. 

CLV. The herb xv/tivw, that is, cmnmiu. c. cjaumum 

1. For sore of the maw. 

2. For oppression on the chest, and bite of snake. 

3. For swelling up and heat of the inwards. 
4 For blood-mnoiDg from nostrils. 

CLTL The herb j^ofMikiaiii AiuxoV,' that is, wolfe teazel. i>ip'acia 


2. In case worms in the bowels about the navel 

3. For water sickness, and difficulty of urine. 

■ Figwed u Stdlaria hohitta. | ;«t paWdied in flte originil Hel- 
Bnt axiniiov U Cnicua erioforui, lenio. 
•a proved bj Oribirias, 407. d. in < Carlina aeautu. 
** Medica Artit Principet ;" never I 


60 nEnsAitiTH. 

Depba j-eohinboi'.' CLVii. 
[6e unbpabe Jaftel he liauae Jfij-lece bauob.] - 

1, pi)* pilne fcenc J^iepa oxna *] eallej- Jisej* bcbo- 

2. Pi)> jrul rcincenbne mi;6an. 

]3epba ijiif yllypica. CLViii. 

2. pi)i micelne bpacan -j mnoCa arcyp'inje. 

3. pi)> nrebpan plite. 

4. pij> pifa monofilicoii ro aj-Jpijenne. 

5. pi]" oypnla -j ealle Jjrela ' cumlu. 

6. pij> heapbej- pape. 

]3epba ellebopaj* albns. CLVUil 
PiJ» lifcp peocnJi^ *} ealle atcpn, 

Gepba helpmion. CLX. 
pi)> yam fefope ]>e )r^ peop}Hia bte^e on man be- 

IJepba aciop. CLXi. 
2. pi]> mebpena plicap -j lenbena* pape. 

Gejiba centimopbia. CLXii. 
pi]> jJ hopp on hp*e;e on J>wn bojum apyph py -j 
hjc open sj-. 

J3epba pcopbiop. CLXIII. 
2, 3. pi^ |>fep mi^Kan ar^^punje 'j piS nsebpena 
plicap -J eaUe arcpu -j majan pt^e. 

4. piji Jja jepynnincje Jwep popmpep Jm J>a bpeofc. 

5. Pt)> po^ **•'«• 

6. pi)» nipe puaba. 

■ II. omiU eight worto. I * yrcl^t by band of xii century. 

'la* later xii. ceotnrj' hand. | ' lenbcnena, V. 



CLViL The herb ffxoAuftoj. Cuiou 

[The unbroad tliistle: it hath a thistly head.] P"'"^- 

1. For foul stench of the armpits, and of all the 

3. For fool stinking inie. 

CLViii. 1. The herb iris illyrica. 

2. For much breaking and diatuvbanco of bowels. 

3. For bite of snake. 

4. For womens montlily courses, to stir them. 

5. For chnmelfi and all evil lumps. 

6. For sore of head. 

cux. The herb helleboms albus. Veratnm 

For liver sickness and all poisons. 

CLS. The herb £i\finotr; larkspur. D.eontiJidc 

For the fever wliich cometh on a man the fourth 

CLXi. The herb ix'"^- ^- "'*™"- 

2. For bites of snakes, and sore of loins. 

CLXII. The herb centimorbia. J^imaehla 

If a horse be hurt on its back or shoulders, and the "'"'" '^"' 
uxmjid be open. 

CLXItL 1. The herb <rxo^dio*. Teufri^m 

% For sUrring of the urine, and 3. for bites of 
snakes, and for all poisons, and for soro of the maw. 

4. For the running of matter about the breast 

5. For foot disease. 

6. For new wounds. 


IDepba ami f if miluium. CLXiui. 
1. pi)» (toj* inuoKej* ajtjjmnje -j eajipoBlicnyj'i-e J»(Bf 
luijSan -j pilbeojia flitai". 

1. Jhp pomma]- ))tef IichomaD. 

2. yiy jeblfficnyfpe "j fetipuj^j-e )>»]• lichomaa. 

13e]iba uiola ■ f yf ban pyjic CLXV. 
i. pi)) )aBf opiSan j-ape ■] pi8 pane luetan.' 

3. pij> mifenlice ' leahtpaj* )«ej" beec)>eapmer. 

4. J>iJ> cancop Jffiepa' coiSa.* 

5. yip pa moDoClican to alb^pijenne. 

6. yip milcan Tape. 

Cepba uioIa puppupea.' CLXTI. 

1. pi6 nipe punbela •j eac pi6 ealbe. 

2. piB pssf taajaD heapbiiypj-e." 

J3epba zama lencinon. CLXVII. 
2. pi^ ealle punbela. 
S. Pi]* panba cancop. 

]3epba ancnpk. CLXvnL 
2. pi)> fopbsBpnebnjjfe.' 

I3epba pfiUiof, CLXViin. 

2. pi]) cypnlu -j ealle yjrela' jesabepmisa. 

3. PiJ> heapobef " pape. 

Depba cynopbatuf, CLXX. 
2. Jhp miltan |*ape. 

' H. omit* the tatter ctanM- ' -neiT«t B. 

• iiU)«iit>-, B. ' ' -nejre, B. 

' taju, B. ' ijele. B. 

' tm >aiii eo)>ui, H. * -i*-, B. 


CLXrv, The herb S;*/". that is, milvium. • 
1. For Rtimng of the bowels, and difficulty of uric 
and rents by wild beasts. 

1. For blemisheB of the body. 

2. For paleness and discoloration of the body. 

CLxv, The herb viola, that is, bonewort, prniey. 

2. For sore and heat of the matrix. 

3. For various disorders of the anus. 

4. For canker of the teeth, 

6, For the catamenia, to move (hem. 
6. For sore of milt. 

CLXVi. The herb viola purpurea 

1. For new wounds, and eke for old. 

2. For hardness of the maw. 

CLXViL 1. The herb zunalentition. 

3. For all wounds. 

3. For cancer of wounds. 

CLXVUL The herb «y;couo-K. 
2. For a bad bum. 

CLXix. The herb 4«xxw». 

2. For chomels, and all evil gatherings. 

3. For sore of head. 

CLXz. The herb xui^f jSttrsc. 
2. For sore of milt 



Gejiba a;lao):03ip CLXXL 
.2, Jhf Jjone pepoji ]»e )>y )>iiit>baii bseje -j |»y feo]\yan 
on man becJmeS.' 

3. 1(1): hpa fapeolmyj'fe ' on jiepyrre ]>ohse. 

4. pij> hjiamrnan -j pi)> bipunje. 

I^jiba cappajiif p ij- pubu benb,* CLXXII. 

1. pi]> milran j'ajie. 

tSejiba ejiynjiu)-.* CLXXIII. 

2. pi]) J«ej" mijCnn afcyjiunje -j piB Jm monofibcan -j 
JjBD]" inno^ej" ajrypunje. 

3. }>i6 mfenijfealbe UabcjiRf Jiej* innoj'ei".'' 

4. ]?i)> Jreejia" bjieofca jej-peU. 

5. pij> )-coppiOQej- Tcyns -j eoljia nsebbepcynna j-licap 
■j pi6 pebe hunbej* flire, 

6. pi)> oiuau *] pits joc able. 

t>«]iba pbilaDCjiopop CLXXiiii. 

2. pi}> nsebpena' phraj- "j pi6 J>ffipa* p;^)inia ])e man 
fpalanjionep hare]>. 

3. pi}> eajiena pape. 

]:^;pba achUlea. CLXXT. 

2. Pi)r nipe punba. 

3. IJip pip op tSam jecynbebcan " limon )>one plepi'an 
ysey psecau Solije. 

4. Pi6 utpilic. 

I3«pba picinuf. CLXXVl. 
pi]) hajol -j pi6 bpeohnjppe Co apenbenne,'* 

' becymti, B. I * ^ajm, B. 

'-nerre, B. '-bbji-, B. 

!1f''„I!Lfl ,„ I 'W'.B. 


cixxi. The herb.jyx.^™-.'!. ™;^ 

2. For the fever whidi comefch on a man the third 
day, and the fourth. 

3. If one Baffer rough weatiier in roving, 

4. For cT&mpB and quivering. 

For BOre of milt. °™^'- 

CLXim. The herb lipvyytof- Eryngim 

' • ' camptitrt and 

2. For stirring of the mie, and for the catamenia, '■"''™""- 
and stirring of the bowels. 

3. For manifold disorders of the inwards. 

4. For swelling of the breasta 

5. For sUng of scorpion, and bites of all sorts of 
snakes, and for bite of mod dog. 

6. For erysipelas, and for foot disease. 

CLXXIV. The herb «iXa»9panro;. Galium 

% For bites of adders and of the insects which are 

3. For Bore of ears. 

CLXXV. The herb 'A;^iJi\</«, yarrow. A. mabfiiiiai. 

8. For new wounds. 

3. Si de naturalibos fiuxum bumoris mulier patitur. 

4. For diarrhoea. 

CLXXVi. The herb ricinus. 
Fot hail and rough weather, to avert them. 



J^jiba polloten f fy poppnm mspum. CLXXVn. 

2. pif hnnber' j-lice. 

3. Pi)> ponba. 

t>ejibB njitica f if netele. CLXXTIII. 

1. pi)> fOpciUebe pnnba. 

2. piB jefpell 

3. Ijyj:' lenij twel jwej- liohomoD* jej-lejon* yf. 

4. pi)> lJJ>a j^pe. 

5. pip pile poQbe ' ^ p op|ioinibe. 

6. Pi]> pifej- plepj-an." 

7. pi)> jtec 8u cile ne jKtbje. 

ISejiba ppiapifci f ly mcapjiuica.' CLXXViin. 
piB beopul j-eocnJiTa -j pi8 luebfiaii ' ^ piB pilbeop • 
•j piS atrqin • ^ pi6 jebp^lce behata • "j pi6 anban ■ -j 
pi6 ojan • ■] f J>u jipe hsbbe • y pi6 ^ jm jepeb; beo 
•] jecpeme. 

l^ejtba litorpejumon.'* CLxxx 

2. }>i6 ^ jTana]* on blsebbpaa pexeo. 

J^pba jraiup a^ia. CLZXXi. 
S. pi)> ))Oue ^pelaji psecau )«ep bchoman.'** 

3. pi]j j-cpup "J p'S pceab." 

4. ]7i6 Cofia fi^e ^ VcX peometia. 

X^epba jopjonoon. CLXXXII. 
2. pi]? jehpylce yfele potpp^u. 


• riepiM, V. 

* H. omiu tTO leechcnfts. 

• -ham-, B. 

* -sen, B. 

'pnnb.,B.; p.|.pimbe, H, Md 

■ -**p-, B. 

• V. omite dug wort 

its able of contentB endi here, per- 

» horn, T.i banuii. B. 

" T«*, B. 



cijxvn. 1. The herb jSaXXari' that is, porrum nigram. ^Bium nigrum. 

2. For bite of hound. 

3. For womids. 

C!LXXTiiL The herb vrtioa, that is, nettle. V. urtns. 

1. For chilled wounds. 

2. For swelling. 

3. If any part of the body have been struck, 

4. For sore of joiuta. 

6. For fool and rotten wonnda 

6. For a womans flox. 

7. That yon may not suffer by cold. 

CLXXis. The herb piiapiscus, that is, vinca pervinca. V-maior. 
For devil sickness, and snakes, and wild beasts, and 
poiaons, and ODy tows and spite and awe, and to have 
grace, and to be happy and comfortable. 

CLTXX. The herb Xii^tpfhof. Z-officmalt. 

2. In case stones wax in the bladder. 

CLXXXI. The herb o-Tafi; kyol». Dt^nium 

slufii agria, 
% For the evil humonr of the body. 

3. Against scnif and scab. 

4. For sore of teeth and gums. 

CLXixn. The herb yopyrffiof. 
2. For any evil foot track. 


]3ejiba milonj". CLXXXin. 

1. pi)7 eajenft byianyj-fe. 

2. yip j"ina rojunje. 

JHeikbA bulbuf . CLXXXiur. 

2. J>i)> jej^iel -J pi8 potaMe • -j pi6 jehpylce jebepeb- 

3. piB peeeep feocnejye. 

3. pijf buniia j-litap • -j pi8 J»»C man fpsete *j pilS 
)>ie]- majan j-ape. 

4. pi)> punbela -j fcuppe "j nebcopne. 

5. PiJ> Jjffipa' iniio)>a irc^unbennyfj-e ' *] to bopjxen- 

Idepba colocjnthip ajpia ^ if cucupbita. CLXXXV. 
2, piiS innoJM]' Tcypunse.* 

' l>aiia, B. 

• litliibenneiTe, B. 

* apn, R. i the rest of the word 
not Tiflible. Some n&r^nal Mrawlg 

hare been erased, Rnd the puniice 
haa reached this word. Of the 
acribbler there renudiu abed, tte^ 
and faloe nuuinti a ttm vacer be 
breonnobc cencc cinrqnancr millerr. 


CLXXXiii. The herb milotia. MtUhta, 


1. For dimness of eyes. 

2. For tugging of Binews. 

CLXXXIV. The herb ^«^8o',-. Dioicmt. 

2. For swelliBg, and foot disease, and all annoy- 

3. For w&tcr sickness, bites of hounds, and in case 
a man sweat, and for sore of the maw. 

4. For woundsj and scurf, and granules on the &ce. 

5. For puffing and bursting of tlie inwards. 

CLXXXV. The herb xo?.oxuyiij ky^ia., that is, CUCUrbita. Cacvmii nL 
2. For stirring of the iawaids. 



L Beos pyBT }>e man* beronicam nemneC faeo hip 
cenueb on nuebum •] on clsenum* bunlanbiim ■ -j on 
je]:pi)>ebum • ytopum . i-eo beah je1ips)>e]i je Jraep maa- 
nej- faple je hip lichoman^ hio* hyne peylbej* pi8 
unhjpum nihrjenjum ^ pi8 ejerlicum' j^F^'^'^'^^ ^ 
fpepnnm •' ^ peo p;^jit by)* ppj)* haliju* -j jnip Jm 
hi' fcealc niman on ajnfcep monSe bnran"* ipejine • 
•J )K>ime J>u hi jennmene" hiebbe • ahpjpe" ]« mol- 
t>an '• Of • p hype n&npiht " on ne dype " *j ]>oDne '" 
bpij hi " on pceabe '* fpyj*© J>eap2e '" -j mib pypc- 
cpuman nub ealle jepjjic to bnpce ■ bpuc hjpe )>oime ••• 
*] hype bypij ]>on»e 8« bejnippe. 

Ijij: mairnep heapob Cohpocen py*' jemm Ja" ^Ican 
pypte beconican pceappa hy Jjonne" -j jnib fpy)>e 
pmale to bufce jenim Jwnne** tjwja tpymeppa pffije" 
Jffje " hit )>onne " on hatum beope ^nne •* hxiaS 
f heapob fpySe hfa^ eepcep ]>am bpince.*" 

>0. fol. 34 b. = 9b.oin!laB line. 'oMuiun, B. ■ EcTpy])et>u, B. 
slio. The Latin " op«eiB " hu been miETemd or mliondenlood ; taf^ O. 
I -ham^ O. • nio, O, ' -lice, 0. ' rpehnu, 0. • hulisn, V. 
■ hiP, 0. "iHiton.B, " Ecunman, 0. "ahjiyriiB. " molba, O, 
" pihe, 0. omiti. " dfnisc> O. " >anne, 0. " his, O' " I«abe, B. 
"t«ael]Ce.O. « Valine, O., emitting three wordi. " fiSi O. "Iwof 
p., O. *■ J>anne, O. " imaar, O. ** S'P*Se, O. " bpfaer, B.; Ixj^ 
O. " taime, 0. " tanne, 0. " tan btmcc, O. 


The only Saaon MS. which contains the Jigure, M8. V., 
has lost a portion of it by decay, but there has been 
a auffhient r^yreaetUation of the plamt 

BeTOKT. I. Bttmka w 

einaiit. B 

I> This wort, wUcli is named betony, is produced 
in meadows, and on clean downlandfl, and in Bhady 
places ; it ia good whether for the muia Botd or for his 
body: it shields him against monsbvus Dootomal 
vifliton and agunst fiightftil visions and dreams ; and 
the wort is very wholesome, and thus thou shalt 
gather it, in the month of August without (u«« of) 
iron : and when thou have gathered it, shake the 
mold, till'' nought of it cleave thereon, and then dry it 
in the shade very thoroughly, and with its roots ^to- 
gether rednoe it to dust ; then use it, and taste of it 
when thou needestL 

S. If a mans head be broken, take the same wort 
betony, scrape it then and rub it very small to dust, 
then take by two drachms weight, and swallow it" in 
hot beer, then the head healetb very qoickly after the 

■ The %are8 in MSS. T. and A. are intended for the 

^ fme, in Uie Benee of o)> )itec, ie very common ; but perhapa 
it had been intended to give of' op (ffiec. 

< bufT is neuter. 



piB eajcna ffip' j^mm ]>8epe' ylcao' pypte pypc- 
tjinmoD j-eoC* od peerejie Co jipibbau btele • •j of ]>ani 
psecejie be]>a ]» eaja •' ^ jemm Jwepse* fjlpan' 
pyjiCe leap *j bjijc' hj' y leje oyeji )**" eajan on 
Jfone anbplatan, 

piS eapena pap jcnim |nepe" ylcan pypCe" leaf 
Jroane" heo 5penofc" beo ■ pjl" on psecejie'* -j ppmj f 
poB 'j p]>)>an hyt jeitanben" beo 60 hic ep; peapm'" 
■j^" Jmph puUe bjijpe** on f eape. 

ytS ejena" bymnejTe jenim pBepe** ylcou pypce 
beronican anpe t]i£messe peeje y pjl on 'pajrejie -j fylc 
hjimcau" iae]Tendum** J^onne" ^epaoaiS fare Jone*" twel 
jjjej" blobep ^Se*' peo 6jmnjs* op c^mi. 

pi's rjpenbe eajan" jenim ^a ylcan pypte beconi- 
can -j pjle Jnjcceaji** heo" jejobaS ^ onlihr Jisejia" 
eajena** pceappnyfle.** 

Piji ppyjlicne** blobpyne" op nosum" ^^nim )a" 
ylcan pjpce beconican ^ cnuca** hy" "j jeinenj^' 
|>fepCo" pumne biel** pealcep " ^ jenim Jionne" j-pa 
mycel ppa fn mseje mib tpam** pinjpura jeniman" 
pypo hic finepealt -j bo on J* ntBj-Jjyplu.** 

PiJ) coiSece jenim J;a ylcan pjpce*" ber<»iican *j 
pyl on ealban pme oj'jie** on ecebe ro ):pibban biele" 
hic heel}) punbuplice** (xepa" ColSa pfip'*'^ jeppell 

pij) pban ]-ape** jenim Jifepe*" ylcan" pypce** 
Jipcopa" cpymesaa pceje* j-eoS on ealbum ^pme • *j jnib 

' for, O. ' IviWi B. ' hcor ;<yii; pKnniman, O. ' 7, B. O. add ; 
n. omits Bcven vords. * »£&□, B. O. * ^)c, B. O. ' r^i O. omils. 
' bj.Jt, B-i byr, 0. ' hiE, O. " Via, O. " t«|ie, B. O. " pyre, O, 
" Hinne, 0. " SP<i°-i B, " pel, O. '• (lac-, O. " l«t ftonben, O, 
" pjmmn, O. '■ ^ mib, O. " bmpe, 0. " nsenm, B. O, 

" tape, B. " -ccn, O. " -nnben, O. " |>anne, O. " )>oi]De, O. 
" (*o for He, O. " -neFi B. =" easenc, 0. " tacsau, B.j I>i5««ii. O, 
" huo BesobaS, B. " (iai'8i B.; O. omiu. " «]senui, O. " -oqjr, 
B. O. "rrilcne,B, « rone, 0. "nora.'O. '*^to^J'^^}. 

" CDoca, B. " hig, B. O. " scdUEns. B.; meos, O. " l>ip, B. O. 



3. For sore of eyes, take the roots of thfl same wort, Bwoiir. 
' seethe them in water to the third port, (eva^raiin^ 

iioo thirds of the waier), and with the water hathe 
the eyes, and take leaves of the same wort and bruise 
them and lay them orer the eyes upon the face. 

4. For sore of ears, take leaves of the same wort 
when it greenest be : boil in water and wring the 
wash, and when it be stood, make it again warm and 
by means of wool drip it on the ear. 

5. For dimness of ^es, take of this same root 
betony, by weight of one drachm, and give (the pa- 
tient) to drink fasting, then it * (the remedy) diminishes 
the part of the blood from which the dimness cometh. 

6. For blear eyes, take the same wort betony, and 
give (the paHent) to swallow, it will do good, and 
will clear the sharpness of the eyes. 

7. For extreme flow of blood from the nostrils, take 
the same wort betony, and knock (pownd) it and mix 
thereto some portion of salt, and taJce then as much 
as thou mayest take up in two EngcrG, work < it to 
roundness, and put it in the nostrils. 

8. For tooth ache, take the same wort betony, and 
boil it (down) in old wine or in vinegar to the third 
part, it will wonderfully heal the soreness of the teeth 
and tlie swelling. 

9. For sore of side, take of the same wort by weight 
of three drachms, seethe in old wine, and rub down 

■ Since pfjic is feminine, hic may bo couTeuiently referred 
U> the aclioa. 

O. " feteef, O. " ^aaat, O. " e|« flngn. O. " S., O. omits. 
-, B.i -tyrte, O. "pyre, 0. -oWfer, O. "bale. 

" -bop-, B. O.; Aiex, O. *• Hpa, B. O, " for, O. " for*, 
" l>Jirs, O. " j-, 0. omits. * fjre, O. " >reo, O. 

o,D. O. 


74 HEBBiRi™ 

\tB\ivo^ xxvii. pipoj) cofin' jebpinc hif jKnuLe on nihe 
Difb; jipeo full pnlle. 

'pij> Ifeabeu bpEebena jape ^^^^^ ^jia* ;^lcaD 
betomcan Jrjieopa tpymeffa pseje xvii. p)po]i oops 
jmb to pomne pyll on eajbum" pine fyle him j^ia 
peapm on nihc nifci; )^eo pill polle 

PiC pambe ]-ape' jenim Jjsepe' ylcan pypce tpeja* 
tpymessa' pseje pyl'" on peetepe ajle hyt )>oime bim • 
peajim bpmcan* iSonne" bi6 Jwf" innoiSer'* pap pec- 
cenbe" -j li{Sijenl>e f hit pona n»ni; h^ ne tafi. 

Elf mannep innoS co pw]^" YJ anbypje" Jjap 
^Ican J>ypee on peapmum pstepe on niht nipns • 
Jjonne'^ bi6 pe man hal on }ipeopa nihte p^pfte.^^ 

pij> fon 6e men blob upppealle"* Jmph hip muB 
jenim ffepe*" ylcan pypte |;pfcopa*' tpjmeppa** pffije" ^ 
cole jate** meolc })peo full"* fuUe- Bonne** bi6 he Tpyj^e 

Eip man nelle beon bpuncen" mme t>ODne sepejr** 
onbjpje beConican Bsepe*" pj'pte. 

Dip men pjlle Tppio; on jepictaa**' jenime Jionne*' 
anef Cpymej-ej" jepseje • " cnucise** pi8 ealb** pmeopu" 
lecje on Bone** ptebe J»e pe pppmj on jepctan polbe - 
Jionne*' byp hit pona** hal 

Ifip mon py innan j^'^P'^^^'^ ^^VP^ h>°i f^" hchoma 
0. coDdenscg. j-gj, j.j- jenime ))onne betooicon Joepe*" pypte peopep 

' ^vp, B. ' eopD, v., bnt u added hj » c^>lioai reader ; a gemtiTe 
plural Til vtnted, and bo, ccpoi, B. Bee Ibree linta lower, ni. jnl, 
B. So below. O. oinitB the Une. ■ O. omit* the paragraph. 

'(>ape, B. '-ban, B. ■ Tor, O. ' [lajie, B. ' cpesp"! B. 

' t)i-, drachma. Apu). '° pill, B.-. |>. o. ]<■ ^ bnncaD hic )>«ann, O. 

" Wn*, O. " |«r, O. ■' -tat, O. " reneentt, 0. " ftft, 0, 

" on-, B.; bnca, O^ for bnnca: bnca Iw pyre jitUOx on peTma proera 
on nih nithris, O., carelewly. " t>ine, O. " -Ifca, 0. " J>or, O. 

" )«pe, B. ; a few lettera in V. haTe been eaten aw»y ; g. YtoT p jre, O, 
" (reo, D. " iTTmefa, 0. " Wse. B. " eole saee, B. = pJ, 

B., and so often. " |™nf, 0. " -can, O. " arrifc, 0. " Hpei B. 


AFVLEn. 75 

cmd add thereto twenty-eeven pepper>coniB, dnnk of B*™'™- 
it then at night fasting, three cups fiiU. 

10. For sore of loins, take of the same betony, by 
wei^t of three drachms, rub together {with U) 
seventeen pepper-corns, boil in old wine, give to him 
(Me -patient) wann at night fasting, three cups fiill. 

11. For sore of wamb Q)dly), take of the same wort 
by three drachms weight, boil in water, then give it 
him warm to drink, then will the sore of the inwards 
be settling (p^tmg) and growing lithe {geMle), so 
that soon it will be no loath {a/anoya/nce). 

12. If a mana inwarda be too fast (coattw), let him 
taste this siune wort in warm water fosting; then 
the man will be hole (whole) in three nights space. 

13. In case that to a man blood well up through 
his mouth, take of the same wort by three drachms 
weight and cool* goats milk, tiiree cups full; then 
will he be veoy soon hole (vihoU). 

i4>. If a man will not to be drunk, let him take 
erst,'> and taste of betony the wort, 

15. If ou a man a spring (a ^puatvle) will settle, 
let him take then by weight of one drachm; let him 
knock (pouTU^ it with old lard ; <= let him lay it on 
the stead (p2ace) on which the spring {^pvstule) would 
settle; then will it*' soon be well. 

16. If a man be inwardly broken, or to him lus 
body be sore, let him take then of betony the wort 

*■ The Latin of 1528 has recentit, ttleo cyathot. 
^ Before he sets to drinking. 

' This was sold in the apothecaries ehope at the time. 
■< Die may refer to the masculine n>pin2t see St. Marharel«, 
>. 89, or be a kind of impersonal coDstmction. 

" fUKfA, B.; Aneni, O, 
" >e, O. " )>»)«, B. 




tpymeffan jepteje p^U' on pine fP^)"^' ^pincc 
l^onae* on mhv' nifnj • j^oune* leohn^ him j*e 

Cip mon on mycelpe p&6e o]>^e on miclum jonjum 
peojitSe* jereojiab' nime })onne betonican )«epe' J>j|ite 
Ane tpymessan pulle j-eoS on jej'peCCum yine^ bpince 
l:onne' on nihn nitaj'" J>peo full jculle Jionne biJS Le 
j-onft nnpepij. 

Elf man j-J innan unLal oj'fe" Iijne platije'* 
0. coDdeiiKs. Jonne jenim" ttu beromcan )«epe'* pjpte tpa tpy- 
uie]*]'an jepoeje • " -j Lnnijep anpe ^nbj-an jejxeje 
pylle jHjnne" on beojie ypy^ feaple bpince" 8peo jul 
fulle on" nihc nijtnj • Jwnne'" pumalS*' him j-ona j-e 

Elf ]>u** Conne** pylle f iSm mere ea^lice jemjlre" 
jenim ^onne beconicon Jjiepe pypte**])peo tpymeppnn 
jepaeje *j hunijep ane Jnbj-an j-eoB Jjonne" jia pjpre*' 
06 f heo heapbije'" bpinc hj*" ]?onne** on pfficepe" 
cpa full f nlle. 

ipip ton" Jie man ne mss^e hi]" mece jehahban -j lie 
0.cond«DMs. Tpipe*" Conne** he hyne jeftijefene** h»bbe jenim f>onne 
beromcan Jitepe pypce • iiii. cpjme^an jepffije •*' -j 
Bpjlleb hum; •" pypc J>onne** lyrle poplinjaf feopejt 
J>sep** op • ete Jionne* senne -j «nne on hacum pierepe*' 
•J on pine to fomne jetticje ftonne** Jjsep psetan** ^peo 
full fulle. 

P16 mnojiei" fajie«** oiSCe" jip he ajiunben** s;^ - 
jenim beconican ])a p^pc*' ^mb on pine fp^6e fmale 

I jtdle, O, ' Hine, O. ' nih, 0. * -hftDU, B. O. * pni'^e. 
B. ' -ce-, B. ' t>*{K, B. ■ pine, B. * |>5iid«, B. 

'■ mhlfcis, V. " olSSer, O, ■• -tie, O. " Koft afmc, O, " Mpe. B. 
" Kfp»g«i O. " )™ne, O, " bnnco, O. " a, 0« for on. " tunr, 

O. " -meS, O. " mnoii, B.; dsc inofi, O. See St. Marhirele W 
meibm 1 martyr, p. $9. " J>u, V. omits. •* ISonne, O. omits. 

" -mul-, O. » liaiie, B. ; 5. b. l-B pJre, O. " Mne, O. " rjfc, O. 
» hivjib-, B, » his, B. O. " t>u, O. " pae-, 0. " Cwfrtr, O. 



by freiglit four drachniB ; boil it in wine much ; 
let bim tben drink at night fnsting ; then th& body 
grows light for him. 

17. If a man become tired in mickle riding or in 
mickle goings (waUdnge), let him take then of betony 
the wort one fnll drachm ; seethe it in sweetened 
wine ; let him then drink at night fasting, three cups' 
full; then will he be soon unweu-y. 

18. If a man be inwardly unhole (out ofheaUh), or 
have nausea, then take thou of betony the wort two 
drachms by weight, and of honey by weight of one 
ounce ; boil then in beer very thoroughly ; let him 
drink three cups full at night fasting; then the 
inwards soon get clear for }iim. 

19. If then thou will that thy meat easily melt 
(digest), take tben of betony the wort three drachma 
by weight, and of honey one ounce ; seethe then the 
wort tUI it harden ; drink them then in wat«r two 
cups iiill 

20. In case that one may not have (retain) his 
meat, and he spew it np, when he have swallowed 
it, take of betony the wort four drachms by weight, 
and boiled honey, work (form) then four little pills 
thereof; let him eat then one, and swallow one in hot 
water and wine t<^ther ; then of the wet (U^id) 
three caps full 

21. For Bore of inwards, or if he (the sick -man) be 
swollen, take betony the wort ; rub it in wine very 

■ Cjathos, Gd. 1528. 

» r^pt, B. •' ^m, O. » seKiS-, B. " sep^e, B. 

" Hfi, O. " Hp, B. O. - Jiafi, 0. " -m, O. 

•• pAoD, B.J p«ee, O " (br, O. « o««er, O. 
" PPIK^' ■(» V, B. 



leje jKume' aburan' )«i pambe • y jiyje hf-' J»oime* 
eac hjiaiSe* cyme)>" J>tBC co bore. 

rbp' )Mmne hpjlc man atcop jejiycje jemme' 
tSonne Jnejie* Jlcan pjjite Jijieo tjiymej-j-an ;c^;e • " 
*j peopeji fnl" p"^* pinej" pylle ro fomne ^ bpincse" 
^nne" afpipeB he ^ attop, 

Elf bpjlcne'* man nsefejie'* to ylice" jemme" 
JfflBjie'* pypte*'" ini. tpymepau jepsBje pjU on pine 
■j jnib pp^Jie pmale bo ^nne*' jehpsej^p*' je on (Sa 
punbe** leje -j eac bpino ppyj'e {)eap]e ■ Conne** meaht"* 
6n sejhpylcepe nsehpan'* plite j^a jeheelan.** 

GfC piB nt^pan plite jenim Jtepe*' ^Ican pypte 
ane" tpymepan jepseje** secnib*" on peab*' pin jebo 
jwnne (Seat Jxep pinep pjn"* ^eo jml pille pmjpe** 
Sonne** mib Jwim pyptum** 6a punbe" "j mib" J)y pine 
jfonne" byft hio** pona hal. 

Pi6 pebe* hunbej* pUce jeDim betomcan 8a pypre 
jecnuca** by ppj)ie smale -j Uje on )>a punbe.*' 

Eip ))e 8in JipoCu Tap pj o66e** )«nep fpypan** 
o. omitBwordi. hpylc bsel jenim J>a ilcan pypCe ^ jecnuca** TpyBe** 
pmale pypc Co clyf»n •*' leje on )>one*^ fpypan iSonne 
clsenpaS heo hit • BsjbptBp*" je innan je utan." 

piB lEenbena" pape • -j jip men" hip Seoh acen • 
jenim Jjiepe" ylcan pypCe rfpegpa** tpymepa" jepteje 
piU on beope • pile him bpmcan."' 

dp be 6onne pj pebpij "j he pj mycelpe hfeCan^ 
Bpopienbe"* fyle Conne ])a pypCe on peajimom pterepe 

' t«D, O. » -eon, B. • hij, B. * t«n, O. • ]»»«e, B. 

• comet>, O. ' G. aoi m., O. • nun, O. ' >«pe, B, O.j ^. pfn, O. 
" se, O, oiniU. " jul, O. omits ; error. " bncan, O. " ►■ii, O. 

" h., O omitB. " -bbpe, B. " nice, B.; lliceB, 0. " senim, O. 

" tare, O. " pyre, O. " t«E, 0. " mtm, O., tiAer. = -b«, O., 
Bbo oondenMI. " Ha, O. * mihe, 0. " -t>bpr-, B,, and to oom- 
monlf , bnt not alirayi t i>*b-> 0. ** -hal-, 0. " >>]ie, B. O.; ^.pyrc, 
O. »ine,B.( aniw, 0. "-page.O. " sesaib, B. O. "pfeb. 



small; let him lay it tiien about the wamb (J>eUy), 
and let him swallow it ; thea also luthe (eoon) it 
cometfa to boot {a/menda). 

22. If then any man swallow poison, let bim then 
take of the same wort three drachma by weight, and 
four caps full of wine ; let him boil them together and 
drink ; then he will spew up the poison. 

S3. If an adder woimd any man, let him take of 
the wort four drachms by weight ; boil them in wine, 
and rab them very small; do then either (both), lay 
them on the womid, and also drink very largely; 
then mayest thou so heal the bite of any adder. 

24. Again for bite of adder, take of this same wort 
one drachm by wdgbt ; rub it into red wine ; contrive 
then that there be of the wine three cups full ; smear 
then the wonod with the worts and with the vine; 
then will it (the wov/ad) he soon hole (whole). 

25. For tike bite of a wood (mad) hound, take 
betony the wort; knock (pound) it very small, and 
lay it on the wound. 

26. If for thee thy throat be sore, or any part of 
thy swere (neck), take the same wort and knock 
(^tound) it very small ; work it to a poultice ; lay it 
on the swere ; then it wiU cleanse it, both within and 

27- For sore of loins, and if a mans thighs ache, 
take of the same wort by weight of two drachms ; 
boil in beer ; give to him to drink. 

28. If he (the putienf) then be feverish, and if he 
be throing (in throee) by mickle heat^ give him then 

K.; nbe, 0. " jyiibTiis. B.i t, 0., ud omiti hoa. ** ttaept, B. t 

rum, O. ">bB,0. "Iwpyree.O, "]miiba,0, "nubH.O. 
" Na< O. ■* heo, B. ** pobe, O., and condenus. " -cDoea, B. 

" pofaa, O. ■ otMSer, O. " fyfpm, B. i June rpyii, O., omitdng hp. b. 
•Seciioc«,B. "fptl't.O. "chSe, O. "(.aDe,©. ••shpap.B. 
■■ piS inne EC pib Dtan, O. " l«beiia, V. " manna, O. "hlfcr 

pyrt, O. ** cptK». T. O. "wymeraii, O. " -ca, O. " h^un, 

B. " -senbe, B. 


Da Iffi]* on beope •' Sonne jobialS ]iepa lenScna* yS[i • 
•] )>80jia* fieona* fpJCe lijitefie." 

Pi^ potable jenim )n ylcan pypte Be(^ on pffitepe 
oJ> 6ibC Jxbj- jKBtejief sj" tSjiibban bsel on bipoben" 
cnuca ' fionne ^ pyjite -j leje on 'pa pec • .-j fmipe ]«ep ' 
milt ■ -j bpinc ^ poj" JfOnne pnbejT 6u Jtep' iec bow -j 
BfiJreope"* htelo. 

pBBjbpEebe." II. 

Jhf Totamef heajrob leoe'* o86e" pap fy jenime'* 
pe5bpBe!^an" pypCpalan *] bmbc'" him on fp^pan-*' 
bonne'* jepitefi" f j-ap** op Jiam" heapbe,*' 

liij: men hif pamb ft^i*" j-y jenime pejbpseban 
j-eap ** iSfepe pypce ;eho f hio** blacu py -j Jiyjeliy"" 
Conne" mib micelpe"* platunje"* jepreeji }S pip on pej 
jip hjrc J.'ODne* By pseC jno*' pamb jf** ajmnbeno** 
j-ceappa bonne" Ja pypte*** -j leje** on };a pambc 
Conne'^ popbpineB heo rona. 

pi6 Jiffif innoSep Bape jenuu pejbpteban peap* bo 
on pnmej" cynnep calb •** -j Jncje hyr ppyfie • )^onne 
baca]) he inne peapb 'j" deenj-aK )»one magan y |.a 
pmsel Jijpmap ppyjje punbpum pell. 

6ft** pi6 J>on Jie man on pambe" poppeaxen" yj' 

• beope, B. ' |>»ps USnfi-, B, ' >aji«, B. * ktio*, B. 

* iimSe, B. * be, B. ' cnoca, B. This maimer of vridug tltroagbonl. 
" !«]), B. * t«ii, B. '* nlmpe, B. ■■ The ipMes in B. left for 

the diwwingB have the name* filled in. Here peib^obe, b; » IMer hutd. 
" hfifob ace, B. O. " ffSStr, O. " nSnw, O. " -bpAb-, O. 

'• binbe, B. ; -bin, O. " Tjiimii, O. " >anne, O. " -pfetS, B. 
" Tor, O. " nituincr, 0. ** heftfcben, O. " jnnilw Tor, O. 

" |«Bp in B. it glo8Md inr. " heo, B. " hfs, B. " )>uiiie, O. 

" t^jie, B. » Read placu ; plee-, B, " Nnne, O. " reo, B, O. 
" fis, O. " -b«i. B. " tmae, 0. » rfn, O. " les». B. 


AFTirai. 81 

the wort in worm water ; by no means in beer ; then " BBro«r. 
it goodeth (bcTiefita) the sore of the loins and of the "*"" *' 
thighs very rathely (quickly). 

29. For foot addle (gout), take the same wort, 
seetlie it in water, till of the water down to a third 
port be sodden away;* pound then the wort and lay 
it on the feet, and amear (them) therewith, and 
drink the wash; then wilt thou find therein boot 
(amende), and perfect healing. 

WATBnEADb II. p,„,,„^ 

1. If a nuuia head ache or be Bore, let him take the '>""<^- ^^■ 
roota of waybiead, and bind them on his swerc 

(neck) ; then the sore will depart from the head. 

2. If to a man his wamb (beUy) be sore, let him 
take the juice of waybread the wort, and contrive 
that it be lukewarm," and swallow it; then with 
much loatiiing (nausea) the sore will depart away. If 
then it be that the wamb be swollen, then scrape the 
wort, and lay it on the wamb ; then it soon will 
dwindle away. 

3. For Bore of the inwards, take juice of waj'- 
bread ; put it on cold of some kind (aort), and 
s^Pallow it largely ; then it mends the inwards, nnd 
clean the maw (alomach), and the small gaia very 
wondrous well. 

4. ■'Again, in case that a man be overgrown in 

■ The Latin so : (Tiibban bsel in govenied by on. 

^Properly Wa;broad; ite leavea are broad, and it frc< 
qtienta waysides. The figure in MS. V. is meant for this 

'blaca is an error ia MS. for placu, lukewarm, faio, h^, 
refer to the wort, not the juice, for feap is neater. 

■■Lftt. Ad dysentericoe : foppeaxen cannot mean that. 

" hute, O. - r6«P, B. » ealo, U. " V. so? " ■)>, 0. 


seoB })onne' fa pe^bjuebaii* rPJ'l'* * "J *** )>onne* yff^ 
Gonne bpine}> feo yaxah pooa. 

QfX piS ))on ))e* man )ni)ih li;^f Spjo^' Uobe 
uejjine" jenim pejbiMeban' feap fflti him bjuncan' 
Jionne' biB hue fona oSj-Cilleb. 

Elf man jepunbub" yf ;emm pejbiueban" jrob 
jnib" CO bnyte -j fceafe" on Jw jninbe heo bi6 fona" 
hal • jip j-e hchoma hpteji mib hepjiicjie hpet;©'* fj 
jebypsob jecnuca 6a pylpan py7»Ce ^ lege Jieepon"' 
Sonne cola6 fe hchoma" ^ hal^ 

Eij: Cu )>onne pjlle nuumej- pambe Jipienan ))onne 
mm 6a )>a pjpce pyll 5n ecefee • bo )'oane ^ poj* -j 
))a yyjKe fpa apyllebe on |^n bjunce ^nne on niht: 
nihj^j • )*Jmle an pil W jrjllep. 


Jh^JS nsebjmn j-hce'* jemm pejbpsBban Ba pyjit pub 
on jffne "j eCe hj." 


JUp fcojipionej* fliCe ;enuu pesbjueban p^ptpalan- 
bmb*° opiyae man )>onue yp to jelypenne" f hfe 
came hun Co jobjie ai^e." 

Dif men" mnan** pyjimap** ejlen"* jenim" psej- 
bpeban** peap cnnca ^ ppm;"* -j pyle him eupan *] 
mm 6a pylFan** pyjiCe jecnaca leje on t>one" naplan** 
-J pj«6 jjsejico" rpy6e fSBfta 

' HmciO. 'sebrabe, 0., roait; from haste. ')>., O. coniti. 'I^ O. 
'urgnnge, 0. ''bI6be btfjase, B. '-te,0. •-<•, O. 

'.hiD, 0. "-*«*, B.O, "pebreflbcO., andsobeloT. "sn***!^- 
I' rcib, B. " r6ii«, B. w luico, B. '■ Hp, B. " -Imna, B. 

" Serf-. B. " hiE,B. O. " biob on, B. " -lip-, B. " ipe, B. 
"manne, O. "ine, O. "jronuer, 0. "egbeD, B.; -an, O. 

" onnc* fa jijjit, 0. " bpdban, B. " PI>(os, B. " fblfc, O, 

*■ Hsne, 0. " iMBfeleQ, O. " tmji, B. 0. 


wamb, seethe then the waybread largely, and let him ^V^^"** 
eat then (of it) largdy; then soon will the wamb 

5. ■ Again, in case that a man outrun (have a dia- 
eharge) through his anus with blood; take the juice 
of waybread, give it him to diink; then it (the 
hamorrbage) will soon be stilled. 

6. If a man be wounded, take seed of waybread, 
mb (it) to dust, and shed (it) on the wound; it will 
soon be hole (whole). If the body be busied (trovitled) 
anywhere with heavy heat (mjlamvmation), pound the 
Bune wort and lay ^t) thweon ; then the body will 
cool and heal 

7- ''If thou then wilt reduce the size of a mans 
wamb (beUy), then take thou the wort ; boil in 
vinegar; put then the juice and the wort so boiled 
into wine; let him drink (thie) then at night fasting, 
always one cap for a discharge. 

Pa/mting of a enake. 

8. Against adders bite, take waybread the wort, 
rub it into wine, and let (the patient) eat it. 

PtdntiTig of a scorpion. 

9. For scorpions wount^ take roots of waybread, 
bind on the man ; then it is to be believed that it 
may come to be of good service to him. 

10. If worms within ail a man, take the juice of 
waybread, pound and wring (the wort), and give it 
him to Bup; and take the same wort, pound it, lay 
Qt) on the navel, and wreathe it thereto veiy &Bt. 

■I«t. Ad eoa qni pamlentnm exoreant cum sangnine. 
The Eogluhman aeeme to have confused exscrearo, with 
ezeremmtain, excernere. 

^ Ad ventrem Btringendam, Lat. The Saxon-English 
means moAe to dwindle. 

P 2 



Eij: hpylcej" mannej*' Iichomn' yf^ aheajihob* mm 
Jwniie pejbpiBban J>a pjpcc • ^ jecnuca pi6 j-mepn^ 
buCan" ]-ealre ^ pypc fpa eo dame' leje ]foime on J«Bp* 
liic beapbije" bnej-ca^ byt yona -j ba'ca)>. 

Dip bpjlcum men py J^sep peo]i6an bffijep pepep je- 
Cenje'" jenitn JSonne ^sepe pypw peap" cnib" on ptetqie 
py!e hiro bpmcaa rpam tibum ©p bym" Juep p^^P^F 
pene •'* Jwime yp pen f byt bim cume Co mycelpe 

Pi8 pot»i}le< -j pi6 pma sape'* jenim ])onne pffij- 
bpfflban leaf jmb'" pi8 pealt" peCe bonne on )» pet" 
•j on Jia pyna )>onne J8 f jepij^bce" Inoebom. 

Pi6 (jam pepope J»e By ]^ibban baje on man be- 
cynie6 jenim pesbpffiban*" j^iy" cj8ap cnib** on pteCepe 
ojjjje on pine s;^le him bpincan «p }>on pe pepop him 
tS cnme on mbc nibfeis.** 

Pi)> 8^ pepope Jie 8^ epcjian bsaje to eJmeB • je- 
cnuca ])ap ylcan pypce ffy^e pmale pyle bim on ealoS 
bpmcan** f SV '^^ jeljpenne*' f hit byje. 

JhS punba batum'^ jenim )>onne pejbpeeban'' )>a pypt 
cnuca on pmsppe bntan** pealte leje on ya punbe-** 
)K>niie bi8 he pona haL'" 

Eip mannep pet on pyl>e tybpien- jenim ^aane 
pejbpseben" 6a pjpt jnib** on ecebe be)ie 6a pet Jtcp- 
mib.** ^ pmype*** Sonne JipineJ" by" pona. 

'numne, 0. '-hama, B. 0. 

•Imy, 0. 

•-*eb, O. 

' ftueiia, B. 0. • bOeon, B. ' clime, B. 



'* -CMDge, B. " ^ope jrypcin J^p, B. 



cp«B eibn wp he, B. " pepep pene, B. 

» fore, 0. 


" -ce, 0. " pfe, B. » SepiplMe, B. 



» Snlb, B. " n.h(hs=ieionii8. Apnl, 


" -Itp-, 

B.; 0. Jtew. " hreanse - ni, B. 

" -l>jt«>-, B. 




11. If any muis body be hardened, take then way- 
bread the wort, and knock (pound) it with lard 
without salt, and so work (it) to clam^ (a damjny 
Bubstance) ; lay (it) then on where it is hard ; it sooa 

* will make it nesh {aofi), and amend (it). 

12. If to any man there be a qoartan fever inci- 
dent, take then the worte juice, rub in water, give to 
him to drink two hoars before be expects the fever; 
then is hope tliat it may come to much benefit. 

13. For foot addle (govi), and for sore of sinews, 
take then leaves of way bread, crush with salt; set 
(it) then on the feet, and on the sinews ; then that 
is a sure leechdom. 

14. For the fever which cometh on a man on the 
third day (tertian), take three sprouts of waybreiu:!, 
crush them in water or in wine; give it liim (Uie 
jKitient) to drink ere the fever come to him, at night, 

15. For the fever that comes the second day, ^ 
knock (poy/nd) this same wort very small; give it 
him in ale to drink. It is to be believed that it 
may benefit. 

16. For heats of wounds, take waybread the wort, 
pound it on hu-d witJiout salt, lay it on the wound ; 
then will be (the jxttient) he soon hole. 

17. If a mans feet in a journey swell," take then 
waybread the wort, pound in vinegar, bathe the feet 
thraewith, and smear them; then they soon dwindle 
(the 9ioeUi7ig ahatea). 

•Malagma, Lat. 1528. 
^ Ad teeundarum dotorem. Lat. 1528. 
' tttmuerint, Lat. 1528. Lye prefers tenetccre (teneretcere), 
but it is better not to bold to opinions agunat evidence. 

bucon, B. " piiiibe, B. »• Ml, B. " -bjiilt>-, B. " Si»i*>, B. 

'^^ap,B. " ltaei>», B. •* his, B. 


Hif lip^lcum peajijbp^be* peaxe on )>am aopim 
oBBe on jiam hleope' senim Sonne pejbjiseban j-eap 
ppinj' on bnepce pulle leje Jifepon.* Jrec liojan m^on 
nihc ^nne liala]*'' hyc hpa6e' lejrtep Sam- 
Be tejhp^loum uaca])uni bbebpiim 6e on maoner 
nebbe pict^ mm pegbpteiian' pseb * bpjj co bofte" 
•j jnib'" mens" pi6 pmeopu" bo Ijrel pe^l^ep to 
pepc'* mib pine finjpe" f aeb mib* {Kinne fine])^ hyc 
■j halaiS." 

pif amjiep pnnbe jenini pejbpfeban leap • -j hype 
peap" jub TOponme bapa Sonne yyipe lanje on ])Uiam 
muSe "J ee tSone p^tpalatL 

Irip pebe himb man topliCe jenim J^ap ^Ican 
pypce " -j je^nib •'" -j leje on • Sotme bi6 hre pona 

PiJ) selcep bsejep mannep trybbepnyppe" innepeapbep 
mme })onne pejbpfsban bo on pm ^ r^p"" f pop -j 
ec*' ])a pejbpseban Sonne beah bir piS sejhp^Icpe in- 
nancunbpe unbselo. 

Fipleape." in. 

Eip men " bip leoSu acen oSSe onjeplojea sj jenim 
pipleape** 6a pjpt- cnuca on fineoppe** spy|>e Fmale 
leje Seepon*' buran" pealce Sonne balaS hyt pona. 

PiJ) pambe pape ;eiiim ppleapan Beap** Jxepe* pyj'W 
jepjiinj tpejen cuculepas*" pulle* syle bim pupan* Jtonne 
clsonpaj) hir on pe; f p^P ^^ 

Jhf muSep ece • ^ piS cunjan* ^ piB J>pocan jenim 
piplespan p^jitpalan pyll on ptetepe- syle bun pupan 

■ pMphbnibe, B. * tUcoiie, B. ■ ppins, B. ' (tfi, B. * luUit>, B. 
• paSe, B. ' -bjiAft-, B. " r*b, B. • hfifce, B. '■ snib, B. 

1 1 nuengc, B. '" pnepa, B. " per, B. O. "-iia,B.} (tanre,'0. 

" hilsli, B. "■ jrap, B. " pyi>t, B„ omilting the case terminatioii. 

'•-SMb,R "-nejTcB. •'/llp.B. "ete, O. «flf. 

letne, MS. B., b; a later band. "man, O. " iiFlet^aD, B. Tbe 

reading of V. raema caielew grammar, "rmejipe, B. ^imium,B. 
" bncon, B. " j^ap, B, " Jiajw, a " -fef, O. 



18. If to any an ulcer' wax on the nose or on the WAYBBBiu. 
cheek, take then waybreads jnice ; wring (it) on nesh "* 
{soft) wool ; lay (it) thereon ; let it lie nine nights ; 

then after that soon it heals. 

19. For Kay uuoouth blisters which sit on a mans 
neb (/oce), ttdte seed of waybread, dry (it) to dust, 
and pound it ; mix with hogs grease, put a little of 
salt to ^t), wash (it) with wine, smear the neb with 
it; then it smootheth and healeth. 

20. For wound of mouth, tt^e leaves of waybread 
and its juice; pound together, have (it) then very 
long in thy mouth, and eat the root, 

21. If a wood hound (mat! dog) rend a man, take 
this same wort, and rub it fine and lay it on ; then 
will it (the 8po£) soon be hole (whole). 

22. For every days tenderness of a man inwardly, 
let him take then waybread, put it in wine, and sip 
the juice and eat the waybread ; then it is good for 
any inward unheal (vnfirTniiy). 

FrvELKAF, or CmguefoUP ill. PoimtUia 

rc,,lanK. Bol. 

1. If &»- a man hia joints ache, or have been struck 
take fivflleaf the wort, pound it on grease very small, 
lay it thereon without salt; then it soon healeth. 

2. For sore of wamb (6eKy), take juice of fiveleaf 
the wort, wring out two spoons fiill, give it him to 
flip ; then it ((Ac remedy) cleanseth away all tbiifc sore. 

3. For mouths ache, and for tongues ache, and for 
throats acke, take the roots of fiveleaf, boU in water. 

• Vlciu, Latin, 1528. 

<■ The drawing in MS. Y. ie meant for a cinquefoil: but 
fivc-lobed leaves atand on long upright footstalks, rising from 
a root. It Is much tie same in MS. A. The fig. ia probably 
traditiona]. It would not be according to carl; notions to 
include tbe potentillaa whose leaves are not quinato.' 


Sonne cla3npa8 hit tSone muS urnan -j biiS pe ece 

pi)> heafbej* j-ape-* jeaim f ijrleapan ■ Ba pyji^ • 
bepjut ))pipa mih )>aju Isefcan pngpe -j mib ^m 
Cuman^ ahepe ,]K)iine app of Cffipe* eopSan ^ je^nib 
fpyfe pmale -j binb on ^ beapob ^nne bi)> pe ece 

Elf men blob uc'^of noj-um Jpne to fpiBe j'Jle 
bim bpiucan pfleapan on pine* ^ fm^pe' ^ heapub* 
mib Jiam Sonne oCptantie]" pe blobjyte foua. 

Eip nuumep inibpipe '* See jeQime ppleajraa " 
peap" mencj" Co pine -j bjunce" Sonne J>peo p"! 
pulle'* J>py" mojijenaa -j on nihr nifcij." 

Pi|j nEebpan " plire ;emin pip leapan Jja pjpce '" 
jnib on pine • -j bpince*" fpiSe Sonne cymeS liim p co 

Eip man pojibeejineb sy jenime ppleapan ).a pypt 
lM;jie on hiin Sonne cpefaS cjuepcije men f him f to 
jobe" cume. 

Elf yu piUe cancep ablenbaa** ;enim Sonne pp- 
luaj-an 6a pypte aeoS on pine "j on ealbep beapjep** 
p^j-le butaa** pealre mencj*^ eall cosomne • pyjio to 
clySan ^ leje Sonne on )>a punbe ]K)nne balaS beo 

Du pcealc Sonne eac jepypcean** J>a pypt" on ajup- 
cup monSe. 


' -iSeobe, B, ' caiie, V. ■ fiy, B. ' liunuu, B. ' J-^ie, B. 

■ -^enbe, B, ' He, B. ' jmejia, B. ' li»ji>b, B. '* Inl^)ur, 
in contents " rip, B. O. " ffiap, B. " mBiiEc, B, " -can, 

O. " fnlle hlk, O. "t>iiis, B. " nihlbs, V., a Wbc Epclling. 
" ntebbpaa, B., and bo EenetBlly. " p jjic, B, ~ -can, O. " bow. 


give it him (the patieiU) to sip ; ' then it will cleanse FivELBAr. 
the moath within, and the ache will be diminishii^. 'At.iu. 

4. For heads sore, take fiveleaf the wort, scratch it 
thrice with the least finger and with the thumb ; 
heave it then up from the earth, and rub it very 
small, and bind it on the head ; then the ache wUI 
be diminishing. 

5. If for a man blood run out of his noetrils too 
much, give to him to drink fivelet^ in wine, and 
smew the head with it; then the blood gout will 
soon staunch. 

6. If a nums midriff ache, let him take jnice of 
fivelea^ mix it with wine, and let him drink then 
three cups fall for three mornings, and at night, 

7. For bite of adder, take fiveleaf the wort, cnisli 
it in wine, and let him drink it freely; then that 
will come to him for a boot {remedy). 

8. If a man be badly burnt, let Mm take fiveleaf 
tim wort; let him bear it on him; t^en aver crafty 
men that that may come to him to good. 

9. If thoa will blind a cimcer, or preveTit Ua dia- 
diargvag, take then fiveleaf the wort, seethe it in 
wine, and in an old barrow pigs grease without salt; 
mix all together, work to a plaister, and then lay it 
on the wound ; then it soon will heaL 

10. Thou shalt also further work up the wort in 
tiie month August. 

A poMibmg of a make JUla a vacant apace. MS. V. 

■ Gargariset. Lat. 

"-blwib-, B. ■» lMrclier,0. ■■bucoo, 

' -jican, B, " jTpe, B., by a slip, omits. 


jepjipote.' rv. 

Deoj* p^pc ^ mag uejimeiiacain ^ oSjium niunan 
tej-cjijioce nemneS bi6 cennei) ' jeLjuep on riiie)>um 
lanbuin ^j od y&tum. 

yip pimba 1 piB beairpjimsa]" ^ pitS cjpnlu jenim 
))aspe' ylcan pypCe p^ptpalau ■ -j jepjuS ablican* Bone 
rpjpan Jioime j:pema6' hic healice. 

€pe piK cupula jeuun Sa p^ljran p^pce uepmena- 
cam • jecnuca hy* -j leje Ciepto' lieo hselB punbop- 

PiJ» Ba Jw habbaS SBCfranbene* (ttbpaji fpa f JwK; blob 
ne ram^ hyf j^ecynbelican p^ne habbao -j heojia )>isne 
jehealbon ne nmjon • mm )«Bpe* Jlcan pypre peap" 
^ pyle bpincan -j pyCiSan jemm pin" -j liunij -j ftsceji 
mencj" co pmne "j hyC j-ona hiel6" )>a imtrpiim- 

pi6 lijrjie sap jenim on mibbe fumepep bee; )>a 
yloan p^pte 'j je^nib ro bnpce nun y<mae pf cuculepap 
pulle ftep bapeep • -j }pf pcenceap'* jobep pmep mencj '" 
CO ponine pyle bpmcaa h^t ppemi^ midum'' eac fpa 
pame'* manejum oCpum untjiaranjppum.'* 

JTij) J>a unt|mmnyppe l^e pcanap peaxalS on bitebpan 
jeniDi J«Bpe** ;^lcaa pjpte pyptpalan • -j '^ cnuca by ^ 
pyll )>onne on hatan pine syle bpiucan byt b:elS ^a 
untpumnjppe punbopltcum jemece- -j oa f fin ac** eiu; 
fpa hpasc ppa J«ene ** mijBaii jelec ■ hjt hprebbce ** 
jepymK" ■] pop5 jeliebej).'' 

pi6 heapob pap jenim )>a Jlcan pjpte ^ ;ebinb Co 
])am heapbe*^ ^ beo' jepanaC ^ pap fisep heapbep:- 

' btopnrt, B., in mai^ii. ' auBnnrb, B. ' tape, B. ' ontnicoii, B, 
' -ae, B. ' his, B. ' |>tp, B. ' The latin is itidunUaa, 

MS. V. is much danBged here. * Va-fit, B. " {^f, B. '< pin, B. 
" in«ii5c, B. '• hi&lti, B, " -nerpe, B. " J^J pciinetr, B. 


AsHTHKOAT, that )8, Vervain, iv. Amturoat. 

' ' Art. It. 

1. Thia wort, wliicli one nameth verbenaca, and by 
another name aehthroat, is produced evei'jwhere in 
smooth lands and on wet on6B. 

2. For wounds, and for dead springa {utcera), and 
for kernels (strumous sfwellings'), take roots of the same 
wort, and wreathe about the awere {nedc) ; then it 
will benefit highly. 

3. Again for kernels {stmtmous aioeUmga), take the 
same wort verbeuaca; knock (jxyund) it, and lay it 
thereto ; it will heal wonderfully. 

4. For those that have stopped veins, so that the 
blood may not have ita kindly (naiuraC) run (course), 
and are not able to retain their food, take juice of the 
same wort, and give to drink, and afterward take 
wine and honey and water, mix them together, and it 
(the remedy) will soon heal the infirmity. 

5. For sore of liver, take on Midsummers day the 
same wort, and mb it to dust; take then five spoons 
foil of the dust, and three draughts of good wine ; 
mix: them together; give (this to the sit^ man) to 
drink ; it will benefit much ; also in like manner for 
many other infirmities. 

6. For the infirmity by which stones wax in the 
bladder, take roots of the same wort, and ^raund 
them ; boil them then in hot wine ; give to drink ; it 
will heal the infirmities in a wonderful manner, and 
not that only ; also whatsoever lets (kmdera) the urine, 
it soon makes away with, and leads forth. 

7. For a head sore, take the same wort, and bind 
to the bead, and it will make to wane the sore of the 

" ^,B. amJU. " CHOCS hij, B. ** ac, V. omit*, 
" KepJmlS, B. " -1*6-, B. » hejbt V. 



}>i8 mebjion j-lire j^ hyyle inao spa ];a]' pygic 
uejimenacam mib ' hype leapim ^ pypcpumum on him 
hfeftS jnS eallum mebpum be bi6 rjitiin. 


pi)» actopcoppan bice jenim ]»8epe ' ylcan pypte 
leaj: j*eoiS on pine jeioiucotie • jij: hyt; nut> jefpelle ou 
fopbopen bj8 jeleje )>eepcS • j-eo punti j-ceal j^na beon 
;eopenab * -j j-yfitSaQ heo jeopeanb * beo ^nne jc- 
cnnca ]» pjpt mib hunije • "j leje JxepCo' oj)tS8BC hjc 
hal j^" ^ bi6 ppiBe hpseiilice.* 

pi]> pebe hunbep ]-1iCe jernm ]« ylcan pypCe" uep- 
inenacam ^ hpeetene copn fpa jehale*-^ leje co Jisepe' 
punbe "* oyp t^ copn ]>aph Cone psecan" jehnehfobe syu • 
•J j^a t(^nbene' '*nim )>onne tSa copn -j jepapp TO 
pimum heufujule*" jip he hy ** )>onue ecan nelle (Sonne 
mm fill oJ>pe copn *j menoj '* co |i8epe " p^pce ^m 
jemeCe )ie })u eep bybejT • -j lese to Siepe '* ponbe fpa " 
o)>6tBC Jni onjice f feo ppecnyr " opSnumen af ^ nc ** 

J7i)> nipe punbela" jemm !» ylcan pypce -j cuuca 
mib bucepau y leje co )>aepe** ponbe. 

piB DEehpan j-lite jenim l-a " ylcan pjpce tpiju" 'j** 
)-edS on pme -j cnuca pJJ'J'an jJf j-e slyce bJmb bi6 ■] 
mib pam jerpelle • unjeheapbub •" {wnne leje tSu Jwi 
pypBe" J»8epco** rona hyr jee&l openian* -j j-yKSau 
hyc jeopenub*" beo* Jjonne mm 6u Ca flcan pypce 
unjepobene -j cnuca mib hum;e leje Co Jwepe*" punbe 

'blnub, B. *t«]i«, B. '>8jiso, B. * ^lob, B., twice. •)«)<• ^ 
• j-J, B. ' job-, B. ' i>»pe . . Imjr, B., but -cam, not -ae. * >>]•«, 
B. " punbe- rpa, B, " pi£cau, B. " -^imb-, B. " hen, B- 

" his, B. " (DBiu:, B. " J«pe, B. " *aji«, B. " n» ♦> B, 


Draioing of a snake, MS. V., fol. 19 6. ■* 

8. For bite of adder, whataoever man h&th on him, 
this wort verbenaca, ■with ita leaves and roots, he will 
he firm agiunst all snakes. 

Two d/ra/wings of aUorcopa, like two homed locuata. 
MS. v., foL 19 c 

9. For poiaouous spiders hite, take leaves of the 
* same wort ; seethe them in wine, pounded ; if the 

venom be retwned in the body, with swellings, lay 
then thereto ; the woond shall soon he opened, and 
when it be opened, then poond the wort with honey, 
and lay it thereto, till that it he bole (whole); that 
will be very quickly. 

10. For wood (mad) honnds bite, take the same 
wort verbenaca, and wheaten corns hole, and lay to 
the wonnd, till that the corns are neshed (mo^ aofl) 
throogh the wet, and so are swollen up. Take then 
the coma, and cast them to some cock or hen fowl ; 
if he then will not eat them, then take thou other 
corns, and mix them with the wort in the manner in 
which thou ere didst, and lay to the wound until 
thon understand that the mischief be taken away and 
drawn out. 

11. For new wounds, take the same wort, and 
pound it witii butter, and lay it to the woimd. 

Drawing of a anake. MS. V., fd. 19 d. 

1 2. For bite of adder, take twigs of the stune wort, 
and seethe them in wine, and aflerwu^s pound tbem ; 
if the scratch is blind, and with the swelling not come 
to a head, then lay thou the wort thereto; soon it 
shall open, and after it be opened, then take thon the 
same wort nnsodden, and pound it with honey, and 

"Tjmeaer.'B. »&e,B. « MS. B«rl. 585 b«gto« hwe, "ttape.B. 
>* t-nji«,H., a different oonBtractloii; ■«« 8t Hwherete. "ejasSiH., 

Vith a glOM boiBtf. " 1, H. onits. • -bob, B. " Im pjpKe, H. 

omiti. »Nps6,B. "-nob.B. " Siqie, B. 


oiSf heo ' hal j-jf • f I]" • X?f^ hptabhce • jyf man 
h J " JiJrr"°^ ' jemeee Jropto ' alej8.* 

I^eziue belle.' 

Deof pyjic ))e man symphoniacam-'* [. f. jnfqnia- 
mum]" nemneS y" o6pum namau" belone *] eae jTime 
men'* hennebelle** hacaS pihp; on bejanum'" lanbnm ■ 
■j on fanbijum" lanbom ^ on pyprcunum. ]H>nne fy 
o6ep l^rre ^Ican pypte fpeapt on bipe-" *] fnSjiaD 
leapim ^ eac tecpi^um. ]>onne y]- fee sappe bpitpe'" 
•] heo heeyB Jiaj- meejnu. 

Pi6 eapena*" pap jenim )>yj"fe ^Ican pypte feaf" 
■J pjpm bit bpype'* on f eape hyr punboplicum je- 
mece Ijeepa*" eapena jlip aflijC • -j eac** ppa pame J>eali 
J>tep" pypmap on beon h^r by** Scpellefi. 

Pi6 cneopa jej-pell o6Be j^jeancena*' oB6e fpa hpsep** 
rpa on hcboman** jej'pell*' sj'" mm )>a yloan pypCe 
j-impbomaoan" *] cnuca by" leje** Jwepto" f xefpell 
beo Spnimefi." 

pij" toiSa pape" jenim J«pe** ylcan pjpce pjptpalan 
j-eoB on ptpansam*" pine pipe hiC ppa pea^un -j bealbe 
on bip mufie*" pona bic jehseliS )»apa toBa pfip.** 

J>i5 J^pa** jepealfaa jepap • oiMSe jeppell** jemm 
)«epe" Jlcan** pjpce pjptpalan -j jeppiB Co Bam*" 
)>eo*^ je p pSp je f jeppell J)apa jepalfaa" bio*" 

'hJo,H. 'Mlrf.B. •ir.V.B.ooiH. •pirt>-,B. •hiR.B, 

• jnr^ B. ' Hih B. • ley«, H. ' O, add* belone. » rW-t 
H. " Orerlined in V. '•^ on, H. " nuia, O. " nuto. H. 
" hmne, B. H. " b%aiiu, B. " i<a!>-, B, " ton yr *"P* t'^*" 
pypce fpoisa on lupe, H. ; ttnae if oNr InlTe $lcan pbcan pyre, 0. ( hipe, 
B. " Mjie tipiccpe, H.j hpiccpe, B. It has lieen Mid that a Jong 
vowel before two oonsonants ia Impontble. ■■ earane, 0. " r^p, B. 
" t^(p«, B. " frapa, B. -tic,E. " J«p, B. ■ hiK, B. 
" gefpelle o^N j'caDoena, H. ; rcino-, B. •Iipap,B. ■-l»aa^-,B, 

• S«n^l,H. "rJ.B- "-«ii,H. "1bs,B. "be^elwmiS 


lay it to the wound, till that it be hole (whole) ; that Ahrteboat. 
it will be very qmckly, if a man layeth it thereto in 
this miinner. 

Henbane, t. H^onyaimu 

1. This wort, which is named mfjLfmtutx^, or Hf 
tt6»iMs, aod by another name belene, and also some 
men call it henbell (now henbcmd), is produced in 
cultivated places, and in sandy lands, sdA in gardens. 
Then there is another (awt) * of thia same wort, swart 
in hue, and with stifTer leaves, and poisonous aJsa 
The former is white,'> and it has these virtues. 

2. For Bore of ears, take juice of this same wort, 
and waim it ; drop it into the ear ; it in a wonderful 
manner puts to flight the sore of the eare; and also, 
likewise, though there be worms in it, it kills them. 

3. For swelling of knees and of shanks, or where- 
soever on the body a swelling be, take the same wort 
irofifmitw^, and pound it; lay (it) th^itito ; it will take 
away the swelling. 

i. For sore of teeth, take roots of the same wort ; 
seethe (them) in strong wine; let (the suSerer) sip it 
so warm, and hold it in his mouth ; soon it will heal 
the sore of teeth. 

6. For sore or swelling of the inguinal parts, take 
roots of the same wort, and wreathe to the thigh ; it 
will take away the sore or the swelling of the 
ingoioal parte. 

' Supply ejan ? 

*" This IB Hyotcyamut aihut, but our henbane is B. niger. 

H., in vmgin. " co on, H. | Hp, B. ■* <^uiynui(, H. " j^ H. 
■• Hp», B. " tOtnge, O. " moUe, O. « fnp, hcalb, nd ifa^ at 
palu, pine, mnVe, H. " ^tifm, B, " Sen>*C H. ** h^1e, B. 

" rylr>°i B. H. "..'Own, H., and a Hop at palan. . " Ho, B., with 
a tUp. " -Fc*H B. * hco, BL " ofopvoMlS, B. 


Eip pipej- bpeofr j^pe pea* jenim bonne ])fejie' ylcan 
p^ce yeaf pypc ^ bjienoe' ^ Pyle hype bpincan -^ 
pmype* 6a bpeojT {)spmib' ]>onne by6 h^pe j-ona |>e" 

Pi6 fOta pap ;enim )ia ^Ican pypte mib hype pypr- 
pumau' ^ CDQca^ to fomne* leje ofep &a pet"* -j 
Jwpto" jebmb hyc h»ljt" ponbuplice" *j f jej^ell 

pi)i InnjeD able sraiim jxepe j'ylfan py'pte feap a^le 
bpincan mib heahcpe pnahpnnse he bi6 jebieleb. 

Ntebpe py'i'C." vi. 
Deop p^pt })e man uipepinam -j oSpom luuiian ncsb- 
beppy'pt nemneti bi5 ceoneb" on psecepe ^ on fficepum 
lieo bi<S hnefceum" lef^um •] bitceppe'* on b^jiDjce. 

Pi6 niebbpan flire jenim Kaf p^lpan uipepinam cnacn 
hy menjc*' mib pine s^le bpincan heo hselb ponbophce 
J one pljce ^ f actop tobpipB • -j fap pjpte Cu pcealr 
niman on Kcun monfie )>e man appehf nemneC. 

Beopjpt. VII. 

iE>eop pypc pe man on lebeu*' nenepiam ^ on npe 
je}ieobe beopypc nemneS heo bi6 eenneb" on bejannm** 
Tcopum "j on p^tbebbum •] on nuebnm>** •] ))ap pjpte 
yM pcealt: niman on ]>am mooSe ))e man anpijtum 

pi|i Biec beon" tec ne |Jeon" ;enim }«if ^Ican pjpte 

'rm, H.i ryii.B.; n.O. 'l«pe,B. »bpMC«, H.i bpjnee, 

B. ( bnocan, 0, ' pnepe, H.i paxpt, B. •►^, B. O. 

■ Iw, H. (aniu i l>c<o>y, Ingtrnmeiital heie. ' -cep-, B., more exocdj. 

■ cnoca, B. H. * A note in H. explkini cum poInAi. " fit:, U. 
" hip, B. " hylpU, H. " -bop-, B. " ormoimet!, H. " nebbrc 
pnR, B., Ittec chanden. "c»nneb,B. "-cam,B. "bit*mB. 



6. If a wifes (wtwwow) breaats » be sore, take then Hbmbaki;. 
juice of the same wort, work it to a drink, and give "' ^' 
it to ber to drink, and smear the breasts therewith ; 

then it will soon be the better with her. 

7. For sore of feet, take the same wort, with its 
roots, and pound together ; lay over the feet, and 
bind thereto ; it will heal wonderfully, and will take 
away the swelling. 

8. For lungs addle (disease), take juice of the same , 
wort, give (it) to drink ; with high wondering he will 

be healed. 

Adder wort, vi.' p^hwbub. 

1. This wort, which ia named viperina, and by 
nnotber name adder wort, is produced in water, and 
in arables ; it is of nesb (soft) leaves, and bitterish to 

DroAmng of a anake. MS. V., fol. 20 b. 

2. For bite of adder, take the same viperina, pomid 
it, mix with wine, give to drink ; it healetb wondrously 
the rent, and driveth away the poison; and this wort 
thou shalt take in the month which is called ApriL 

Bee wort. vii. ^,^, „/„. 

1. This wort, which in Latin is called veneria, and ""*' "*■ 
in our language bee wort, is produced in cultivated 
places, and in wort beds, and in meads ; and thiK 

wort thou shalt take in the month which is cnlled 

2. That bees may not fly off,*' take this same wort 

' ApnL 1528, has pectinum, not pectoram nor roaminaruni, 
" Orria root ia uaed for thia purpose now. 



)>e pe uenepiam netnboa -j jehoh t^' eo Seejie hyjre' 
)>oiiiie beoS hj' pnnjf nbe •' -j luejrjie ne ypioa^ fie him 
jehoafi • Jieof pJpB b^ j-elhon funben ne hf man 5a- 
cnapan ne miBj bucoa Somie heo jjiepS ^ blep&* 

Ijip hpa ne mee^e jemijan* -j b« micj6a £et fcanben 
]-J mme j'J'fj'e Jlcan pj'jvte pjrjitpalan -j feope on pse- 
Cepe to ])pi6ban basle • ]*^lle bpincan • )fonne binnan' 
Ypfm ba;um be meej )>one mij^ian popS afenban' hy'c 
hseMJ punboplice |>a anC|mnmJrj*e. 

Leon poc' TllL 

Geof pyj)''^ )*« man pebem leomj- ■] oSpmn nSnmn 
leonpoC nemneC heo bi5 cenneb* on pelbon • ^ on 
bicon • -j on hpeobbebbon.'" 

Ejj: hpa" on )«epe" untpumnyppe py" f he py'* 
cip'' )>onne meahc" Ku hine unbmban jenim J'yppe 
pypte Jie" pe leon pot; nembon pp Syyelap" butan'* 
pjptcpmnan peo8 on psetepe on panpeejeiAam monan*" 
■J &peah bine ))Bepmib" ^ lieb lie op J«im hupe" on popan 
nihce ^ pCep" hyne mib Jjfflpe"* p^pte J>e man apipco- 
lochiam NenmeC ^ ))omie he ntja*' ne beseo he hyne 
nn on bsec ■ Jjup 8u hme raeaht** op ])fepe nntpum- 
nyppe'' iinbinban.** 

Elupjnmje." IX. 

Seop pypt: )>e man pceleparam -j oSpum naman 

clnpjiunje** nemne6 heo bi6 cenneb" on puhwim -j on 

psetepejum** fcopnm fpa hpjlc man fpa )iap pypte ptep- 

Cenbe JjijS blihhenbe he feet bp poplffltefii** 





wmrt, B. 

■•l.eob-,B, " 

■cir.a ' 

•imht,B. " 

' -igenbe, B. ' SpepS 1 WepIS, B. 

' arseab-, B. ' ItoDeffac, B, 

' hp*, B, " J«jie, B. » ff , a » rt, B. 

■Jt, O,, juam. " -lef, 0. " bwoa, B. 


Thich we called venena, and hang it in tlie hive ; Bei 
then will they be content to stay, and will never ■*' 
depart; but it will like them well; thi» wort is 
seldom found, nor may a man know it, except when 
it groweth and bloweth. 

3. If one may not pass water, and the water be at 
a Btandfltill, let him take roots of this same wort, and 
let him seethe (them) in water to a third part; ^ve 
to drink ; then within three days he may send forth 
the urine; it healeth wondrously the infirmity. 

Lion foot, tol auim 

1. This wort, which is called pes leonis, and by Boi. 
another name lion foot, is produced in fields, and in 
dikes, and in reed bedsi 

2. If any one be in such infirmity that he be 
choice (in eating), then mayest thou unbind him. 
Take of this wort, which we named lion foot, five 
plants without roots, seethe in water while the moon 
is on the wane, and wash him therewith, and lead 
him out of the house in the early part of the night, 
and purify him with the wort which is called aris- 
tolochia, and when be goes out, let him not look 
behind him ; thou mayest unbind him from the in- 

Olofthing, or Clopng. J%. 

, , , tcelrratia. 

1, This wort, which is called scelerata, and by boi. 
another name <doflhing or cloflng, is produced in 
damp and watery places ; whatsoever man fasting 
eats this wort, leaves his life laughing. 

» iii6dsii, B. " (»p, B. " klire. B. " ftjp, B. •• t«|ie, 

" (ic si, B. » milie, B, " -nefre, B. " -biDb-^ B. " cl< 

twig, 6.; cliif>imca,0, ■ clojhiniw, B. " c«nneb, R "-p"S-. 


]00 nESBAfilVM 

Pi5 punbcla -j pi5 beabrppmjaf' s^^^ii'i Wl' ylca^n 
py^jite -j jeenuca* bj' mib fmepupe* buean' j-ealre 
ieje to )«epe* punbe Sonne yt heo -j peopm^ jyf 
iSfep' hpset hoppej-* on bi8 ■ ae ne ;e)>aj:a f heo lenjc 
JBep" »c licje Jionne hyt feapj; 8^ J»y l«ef heo ))one 
lialan'" lichoman popnime jyj: |>oiine mi6 op)>anoe 
jjij^-e]- Binjep funbian" pille 5ecnuca 6a pypte -j pjiiC 
hy- CO )»inpe'* hakn" hanba j-ona heo yc" Jrane" 

PiS rP? W "J J"*^ peaptan " jenim ]» '* f Jlpan 
pypte -j jecnuca hy mib ppinenuin "* jope leje co j^am 
1-pJltun -J Co [lam peapcum bmoan*' feajum" cibuin 
heo hjUfiS f yfel -j f pojipn** uc ac^hft. 

Eluf pypt.** X, 

Deoj- pypc J>e man baCpocion -j** oJ)puni naman 
clnfp^pc neurneS hiB cenneb** on pmbijand*" lanbum*' 
■j on pelbtun heo hi8 peapum leapDtn -j )>yunnni. 

Pits monoS j-eoce** ^enim Jiaj" py'pce*" -j j^PJ"^ 
mib anum peabum Jjpsebe*' onbucan" JiBep monnep" 
fpypan on panpejenbum ** monan on J>am monjie** Be 
man appehj' nemnetS ^ ON octobpe j.opepeapbum*' fona 
he bi6 jehseleb. 

PiJ> fa** ppeapCan bolh jenim Jiap ylcan p;yT»Ce 
rayb hjpe pypCpalan -j jeenuca hy" menjc** eceb 
Jifepto*^ leje Co** Bam bolchnm" pona hjc popnimB** 
hy" tl jebeB J)am oj^pum lice jehce. 

■ b«iib, B. 


, and diia mode of spelling preraili through- 

oat MS. B. 




' J*!., B. ■ 

iorier, 0. 

• UiiEc Hp, B. '• Iwtae, 0. 


the definite cc 


" janbian, B.j 

fonhun, 0. 


'" hilBn hdnba. 

, B.( hrelp.O. 

" hyr, 0. 


" -mc, O. 

'' piixai., 0. 

"hir, R. 

"Tfia-, B. 

"-non, D. 


B.i ffapen cibe, 0. « pojimr, B. 11. " 

clofpnrt, B. " 




2. For wounds and for running boi-cs, take tliis Cloftiiiko, 
same wort, and pound it with greaso without salt ; "' '*' 
lay (it) to the wound, then eat it, and it purifies if 

there be anything of foulness; but, allow it not to 
lie then longer than there be occasion, lest it consume 
the sound body. If then thou will to try this thing 
by experiment, pound the wort, and wi'eatbe it to 
thy sound hand ; soon it eateth (into) the body. 

3. Against swellings and agaiuBt warts, take the 
same wort and pound it with swine dung ; lay (it) to 
the swellings and to the warts ; within a few hours 
it will drive away the evil, and driiw out the pus. 

Clove wort. x. SanuaoifM 

1. This wort, which is called batrachion, and by 
another name clove wort, is produced on sandy huids, 
and on fields ; it ia of few leaves, and (those) thin. 

2. For a lunatic, take this wort, and wreathe it 
Avith a red thread about the mans swere (neck) when 
the moon is on the wane, in the month which is 
called April, in the early part of October, soon he 
will be healed. 

3. For the swart scars, take this same wort, with 
its roots, and pound it ; mix vinegar thereto ; lay to 
tlie scars ; soon it takes them away, and it makes 
them like the rest of the body. 

clnffjTt bBEcS hto hyrbtrayr, 0. " c»nnef), II. B. " rsiit>-, B.; 

O, BiWrt, fol. 3G=7._ " koyam, M. =• fcocne, H.; mcn.O. adds, 
" >■ pyre, O. " t-rKbii, O. •' -bliron, B.} abncan, O. 

•s num-, B. O. "jnescnbii, H.i svpenientte monii, O. " -ta, O. 

- " -I**, O.J ^aii, O. adda. ■* tan, O., and coodensea. *' I115, B- 

'■ uucDSc, H. B.1 mens, O. " >np, B. 0. " on, O. " bolhum, II. ; 
bolBfl, B. O. ° krS, 0. » his, B. 0. 


Beop p^pC )>e man ajtcemeftftm ^ o&pum naman 
mucjpyji'c' NemneB bi6 ceimeb* on jt^nijam fbopum 
■] on fanbijnm • Jronne hpa* j-iSfteC on^nan pille 
lioDne jenime be him on hanb* Jia]; ipf\Ke aptemipam 
•j bsebbe mib bun Sonne ne on;^ be na mj-cel ro 
jeppjnce' Jxej" j-iBep ^ eac' beo afbjB" feeopjlfeoc- 
Djpra' "J **° f^^ hope ]>e be bj'" inne bseffi beo 
fojibjr yjrele lacmmja -j eac beo apenbeJS" ypelpa 
Tnn.tinit eajftn." 

Pi]) innoKep fSp ;enim (jap ylcaa pyjiCe" -j je- 
cnuca bj" eo bnrce *] jemenjc" bf '" pi6 nipe" bcop 
Bjle bpmean'* pona beo" jebCcjaft Jxep imio)>e]> 


PiJ> po^ I^P jemm |>ap ylcan pjpte *j jecnuca 
by mib pmepupe le;e Co Jmm poCum beo ^ pSp tSiepa^' 
poca opjeiuin&. 

XII. ISepba aptemepa c^uijanrbep ]> ip mujcpypt:.** 

Pi6 bltebpan jiip *] pi^ ^ niaa ne meeje jenfijan 

;eniiu JOTP*** PJP^ peap** J« man. eao" mTjpyjic 

neiuD^ peo fj fpa ))eaii ojiper cjimef -j jqtjll'* hj" 

on hacan* ptetrepe oWie on pine -j pjle bpinoan." 

' mas-, B- * CKnneti, H. B. • hpa, B. ' hinb, B. 
•-fpInce,B. 'eic,n. "rlij^.H. "-nyire,!!.; -iif|rT«.B. 

I* hi;;, B. " &)<«iit>eti H.; bo B., withont accenE. " esan, H, " H 
pirte t* V cjiebfui (blotted) armDeria* 1 olSmm Duasn mugf^pc 
aenmcV, O. ■* his,B. O. " senuanSCt B, H.; s«<o«^> O. '* his, B. 
" nipe, B. " bpincan, B. " h«, O. ■ 0. omita two paragraphs, 

bat inwrta aslblloTB; £if maa od pci^e goD pille .' fianne semme h« hun 
on haobe fat prce arcemtfiam • 1 habbe mib bun • )Ane ne be|> lie ptn • 
on ■geU. Anb eac heo aAt^h.'' beoM fracnefTe. Anb on tan bare Tf be 
hinne hnffi.' beo fbrbyc ■ jtelv laennnga ■ t eac beo apenbe)- ytdn manna 
easan. piS bltebTBn htt ■ "^ jnfi tan man s«iiq;aii ne xon^e ■ seiili» ^ 
ylcan jryit ■ 1 ^ecnnca hi mib Anerape ■ ^ gepylle hi on hacan pai^re oMSer 
on pme.' t lyle bnncan. " t«pa, B. ; oj, interiin«d befta* Itepa, H. 
" I>om H., -whicb reads lasancer. The original text of B. had nm 
on, as did that of V., bnt in B. the more recent penman has drawn a 



MdOWOHT.* II. (Midgewort.) Artmaia 

1. This wort, whiclj ia called artemisia, and by 
another name mugwort, is produced in etony places 
nnd in sandy ones. Then if any propose a journey, 
then let him take to Mm In hand this wort artemisia, 
and let him have it with him, then he will not feel 
much toil in his journey. And it alao pute to flight 
devil sickness {demoniac posaeseion) ; and in the 
house in which he, the man of the hmae, hath it 
within, it forhiddeth evil leedicrafts, and also it 
tumeth away the evil eyes of evil men, 

2. For sore of inwards, take the same wort, and 
pound it to dust, and mix it with new beer; give it 
to drink, soon it relieves the sore of the inwarda 

3. For sore of feet, take the same wort, and pound 
it with lard, lay it to the feet ; it removes the soreness 
of the feet. 

MfGWOBT> XIL Arltmisia 

, , , 1 , dracanciditii 

1, For sore of bladder, and in case that a man boi. 
cannot pass water, take juice of this wort, which is 
also called mugwort ; it is, however, of another sort, 
and boil it in hot water, or in wine, and give it to 

■ The painting, MS. Y., foL 21 c, is clearly meant for A. 
rulg. (so alBo H.) The figure In MS. Add. 17063, fol. 1 1 a, 
is of the same cast, but the draughtsmen havo act thought 
fidelity their duty so much as ornamentation. 

^ The heading having been omitted in MS. V., there ie no 
paindng. ' The spedes is foreign. 

line of diMlnclioD sod written mngpon cigtoicr. 
"re»p,B. "(icH, "rJliH. *=lu5, B. 




yA )>eona' pSp jenim ]>a]* jflcau pyjice -j jecnuca 
1» J * im6 j-mepupe -j jeprefc ' h J pel* mib ecebe ' 
jebmb f JJ>)»aji to 8(un j-ajie iSy )>jiibbfui baje hun bi6 

Pi8 j-ina fape -j pi6 jefpd jemm )» ylcan pyjice' 
aptemepam cnuca hy^ mib ele pel jep^lbe* leje Jwiico"* 
hyr bfel6 punboplice. 

Djp hpa Hu?) potable" fpJJ'e "j hepelice jefpenceb'* 
j-y . J»onne jenim 15u J'Jrj'e yl«in pjjite p^ptpalaji 
p^le etan on hunije *] ejrt" pona. he bi6 jebieleb *] 
adieapob fpa )>»t 6u ne penJ^ ji heo nueje Ipa mycel 
mte^en babban. 

Eyp hpa'* sy mib pepepam jebpeht jenrnie" 
{>onne Byppe ylcan pyjvte*" peap mib ele -j fmype" hyc 
pona heo {JODe'^ pepep ppam abe}>. 

XIII. Mucj pypt. 

Deop pjpt J)|iibbe" \>e pe aptemepiajn leptepilop • -j 
oCpurn namon mucjp^pt nembon*^ beo bi6 cenneb" 
abuton bicnm ■j on ealbuoi beopjum jyp Cu hype 
blolBman'^ bpyteft be baepC fpiec ppylce ellen. 

Pi8 Jxep majan pSpe jenim J>ap pjpte ^ cnuca by 
•J jepyll hf pel mib £mijbalep ele j^am jemete tie J>u 
dyj'aii pypce bo ^onne on anne" clsenae claSS -j leje 
]>ffipto binuan'* pp bajilm he biS bal • ^ jip ^^yyfc 
pj'pte pjpttpuma bj6 ahanjen opep hpylcep" hnpej-* 
bupu |Njnne ne mse; senij man (lam hupe bepian." p. 

Jh6 Jiapa pina bipunje jemm** Jjyppe ylcan pypce 

> Seona, B. * bi;, B ■ scpcTt U- B.; pcf, O. • pd, O. 

omits. * 1, O. adda. ' fel, B, ' pjre, O. ' his, B. 

• gcpyUebe, 0. " («pe6, B.; Iw, O. " -tb-, B. " -fp^nc-, B. 

" ^ rfC, ODce vu written in K, bat hu been ensed. O. omits 
the paragrapli. '* hpi, B. " senliXi O. " pyre, O, 

" rmepa, B, " turn, H.; >aii, 0, " iTiibtw pypc, B., but the «eoM 
iR still baity. " naDDeiS, H. B. " onnch, IL B. <■ blorlSniaii, H. 
also ; blopmao, B,, wbioh is etymologically correct. *■ mddc, H. B. 

" -non, B. » iryle*". H. " Luper. B. " bejiiseui, H, ■ scoim, H. 



2. B'or soro of thighs, take this same wort, and UuawoHT. 
pound it with lord, and waah it well witli vinegai- ; ***■ 
bind it next to the aore; on the third day it will be 

well with them. 

3. For sore of sinews and for swelling, take the 
same wort artemisia ; pound it with oil well boiled ; 
lay it thereto; it heals wonderfully, 

4. If one be much and heavily troubled with gout, 
then take thou roots of this same wort, give them to 
eat in honey> and soon after he will be healed and 
cleauaed, so that thou wilt not think that it (the 
wort) has so great efficacy. 

5. If one be afflicted with fevers, let him take then 
juice of this same wort with oil, and smear it (on 
him) ; it soon will do away the fever. 

MuaWORT." XIII. Arltmitia 

1. This wort, the third which we called artemisia 
(now) Xi«To'foX^of, and by another name mugwoi-t, is 
produced about ditches, and on old harrows. If thou 
breakest its blossoms, it has a flavour as elder. 

2. For sore of the maw (stomacK), take this wort, 
and pound it, and boil it well with oil of almond, in 
the manner as thou wouldst work a plaister; put it 
then on a clean cloth, and lay it thereto ; within £ve 
days he will be hole. And if a root of this wort be 
hung over the door of any house, then may not any 
man dam^e the house. ^ 

3. For quaking ° of the Bineira, take juice of this 

■ This spociea is not English, hence has no English 
name. In MS. V., fol. 22 a, the drawing is nearly liko 
that of Anthemis, art. xxiv., and the phmts are closely 

^ In the text, p. for p^c is out of place, for no drawing was 
wanted here. 

■^ The text, IdSS, of Apuleius has tumorem ; our author 
must have read tremoreui. 


feap' jemenojeb' mifc ele fm^pe' hj* Sonne Jveejumb' 
hy jeypicaB I'sejie" bipmje* "j hyr ealne Cone leahcop 

piCoblice Jiftj* )>p€0 pypCa )»e pe aptemefiaj- nembon 
Jj" fteb p biana hf pnban* pcolbe' -j heopa msejenu"' 
•j Iwcebom chiponi oentaupo f Jllan se sepejt op jiyppim 
pypmm IsecnuQje" jej-ecce ^ lie Jiap pjjita op naman 
tStepe'* bianan ^ ip aptemepap jenemneSa 

HV. Doocse." 

Deop pj-pC ))e man lapatnum -j oSpum naman boccse" 
nemneS bi6 cenneb" on panbijum ftopum -j on ealbum 

piB cypnlu fe on jepealbe pezeS" jenim Jiap pjjite 
lapanum -j cnnca h;y"' nub ealbum pjple bucon pealte 
rpa ^ Seep pmepupep'* sj tpam bselum mape ])onne 
JiBBpe*" pJpCe fpyl'e pel jemenjeb" bo hyC {tonne 
pynCpsenbel^ -j bepealb on caulep** leape -j bepec** on 
Latum ahpum"' -j }>oime hre hat*' py leje opep }>a 
cypnlu* 1 jeppiS SaepCo^ J)Jp ip aelept** pitS cypnlu. 

Dpacentfe." XV. 

i>eoY pyjit ))e man bpaconrea ^ o6pum naman 
bpacencpe nemneB yp peeb ^ heo op bpaoan blobe 
acenneb" beon pceolbe-" heo bi6 cenneb" on upepeap- 
bum muntom Jnep** bseppap** beo6 ppy)>orr on halijum 
fcopum. -J on ]iam lanbe ]>e man apnlia nemneK • heo** 

■ T^tp, B. ■ genUBnso, H.) smwnGeb, B. * ri>Kp>t B. * hi;;, B. 
<> )>a|i, B, • )>a|ie, B. ' senimrV, H. ' jfnbao, B. * rceolbr, H. 
" mBEnQ, B. " Ucn-, B. " Hqia, B. " bocke, B., hj lua 

hand. " bocce, B. " wenneb, H. " myx^nnmn, H. 

" peaxef, B, " hij, B. " fiaepop*, H, ■ ^ape, B, 

" K>^iiEDr;ct^i B, H. "So B.; ru"cr°i> f**'? T.( pnerpmn M, H. 

" caylef, H. " bejioc, H. " ahj-um, E. ; axrmn, B. " hfc, B. 


AFvusn. 107 

same wort, mixed with oil, smear them then there- Mugwobt. 
with ; they will cease the quaking, and it will take ^ ""* 
away all the mischief 

4. Verily of these three worts, which we named 
artemisias, it in Baid that Diana Bhould find (found) 
them, and delivered their powers and leechdom to 
Chiron, the centaur, who first from these worts set 
forth a leechdom, and he named these worts from the 
mune of Diana, "Aprtfwf, that is Artemisias. 

Dock.* %tV. liumer obhui- 

feiiva. Bot. 

1. This went, which is called lapatium, and by 
another name dock, is produced in sandy places, and 
on old mixens. 

2. For kernels or swelled glandB, which wax on the 
groin, take this wort lapatium, and pound it with old 
grease without salt, so that of the grease there be by 
two parl» more than of the wort ; make it very well 
mixed into a ball, and fold it in the leaf of a cab- 
bage, and make it smoke on hoi ashes, and when it 
be hot, lay it over the kernels, and wreathe Q}vnd) it 
thereto. This is beet for kernels. 

Deagoks.^ XV. ■'*™" *"- 

1. Of this wort, which is named tfOMmn, and 
by another name dragons, it is said that it should be 
{waa) produced of dragons blood. It is produced on 
the tops of mountains, where bowers be, mostly in 
holy places, and on the land which is called Apulia, 

' A dock is drawn in its early etage before the etalk ii 
MS. V. Fiddle dock is drawn in MSS. G. T. 
" See Glosaary. 

" rcolbe, B. 



on icanijuiii ]anbe pyx6' lieo yj* linejxo on rethpine 
■j pepebpe on bjpincj*' -j on fpeace fpjloe Jjiene 
cy jrel ■* -j j-e p^jirpuma neoCepeapb * fp;^Ice bpacaa 


JhS eajila najbpena j-ltCe jemm )>yj'fe pypce bjiaconrea 
pyprtjiuman cnuca mib pme -j pypm hjr sjle bjunccan' 
call ^ atrop hyc copepeB. 

piSban bpyce jemm ^yppe ylcau pypre pyprqiuman' 
■j* cnuca mib pmeppe )>am jelice )je 6u clyjian pypc« 
Bonne acyhB hyc' op Jiam hchoman'* |>a cobpocenuu' 
t^n • tSap p^p^e ))u pcealc Nimaa on }>ajn monSe )>e 
uiaji lulium nemneB. 

I3jicapief leac" XTL 

fieop ptP^ ^ ™(^ paC^piOQ 'j oSpum naman 
hpjepiep'* leac" nemneC boo biB cenneb'* on bean'* 
bunum -j on beapbatn fropum -j fpa pome'* on mEebum" 
■j on bejanum laabaji'^ *] on panbijum." 

piB eappoBlice punbela ;enim I'yppe pjpre** pypc- 
cpuman" ]:e pe patypios nembon •] eac pume men 
pjiiapipa bacaB** -j cnuca copomne bjr [wi pnnba" 
itclienp^ 'J 8a bolh jelycB. 

pi]) eajena pSp f ip Jionne ^ bpa eopnije** py jenim** 
|>yppe i^lcan pypre" jeap'' ^ pmjpe** 8a eajon* 
Jjfppmib* bnCan" ylbincje byr op3eninuB f pap. 

' fiifc, R. ' by|ii5mcKe, H-i bijiiSuiB*. B. ' cyfcen, H, * nvBe-, B. 
' keafob, B. ' bjiican, H. ■ pypEjiaiiisii, V. ' i, II. omito. 

* hyr, H. omits. " -bamaii, B. " reftier lee, IL, by a later peomaii. 

'- jiBpier, B. " leic, H. " cnDoeb, H. B. " h6an, B. " jsnie, 
B. " in«bii, B. " Iwiboni, H. B. " j«nb-, B. * fyjicao, B. 
"'fyi'^J"""""' ^- ° h«ail, B. " O. add* afeTai*t>, purya. 

='EOiMm (termi nation blurred) ta^e, B. '•nun, H. "pTPC, H. 


APVJiEIl. 109 

It waxeth ia a stony land, it ia nesh (soft) to the Dbaqonb. 
toucb, and sweetish to the taste, and in flavour as a <''-'«' 
green chestnut, and the nethei-ward root is as a 
dragons head. 

Figures of a snake and dog in hostility. M8. V., 
fol. 22 «i 

2. For wonnd of all snakes, take roota of this wort 
diacontiom, with wine, and warm it ; give it to drink ; 
it will remove all the poison. 

3. For broken bone, take roota of this same wort, 
and pound them with lard, as if thou wouldst work 

' a poiUtice ; then it draweth from the body the broken 
bones. This wort thou shalt take up on the month 
which is called July. 

Ravens leek." xvi. Orchu. But. 

1. This wort, which ia called carupiov, and by 
another name ravens leek, is produced on high downs 
■uid in hard places, and also in meadows, and in cul- 
tivated lands, and in sandy ones. 

2. For difficult wounds, take roots of this woH 
which we named satyrion, and (which) also some men 
call priapiscus, and knock (p'^v/nd) together ; it 
cleanseth the wounds, and cures the scars. 

3. For sore of eyes, that is, when that one be 
tearfid, take juice of this same wort, imd smear the 
eyes therewitii ; without delay it removes the sore. 

■ An orchis ia figured, MS. T., fol, 23 a, not a Habenaria 
(Satyriam of Lianeos). The orchidaceous character is much 
less marked in Ma A., fol. 13 a. MS. G. draws an orchis. 



Fell> pjjit:.' XVn. 

Deoj* pypC ]>e man jennanam "j o&pum nam&D feib- 
pypc Denme)) heo biiS oeimeb* on bnnum ^ heo 
pjiam^* to eaJlum bjienceom* heo biB tuiej-c« on 
eethjime ■^ bittepe on bjpjinjoe" 

Pi8 naebjian j'lice jenim J'yfT* J lean pypce jen- 
nanam pypccpuman ^ jebpije hine" cnaca Sonne to 
bnjte anpe tpemej-e' jepihce* efle bpmcan on pine 
J»pJ- fcence»f' hiC ppemaB" nudum." 

Blitre. xvin. 

Seop p^pc Se man opbiculapij* ^ o}>piun namau 
slite nemneS heo bit$ cenneb" on bejanum feopum'^ 
•j on bunlanbum. 

PiJ> ^ Sset'* mannep jmx" peolls jenim Jjaj* ;ylcan 
pjpte ^ bo on J»a nwptyplu.'* 

Pi6 mQo]>ef jTypunja" jenim l^a]" ylcan pypce pjjic 
to palfe'* leje to Sjep innoiSej' yape • eac heo piB 
heoprece" pell ppemi^,** 

piB miltan" rape jemm ]>yr]'e ylcan pypCe j-eap 
anne** j-cenc** ^ pip fciccan pille** ecebej- yyle bpmcan ■" 
.ix** feajap J>u punbjiapfi*' Bsepe** jeppemmincje jenim 
eac* tSBBpe** ylcan pypte p^ptpuman" -j fihoh" abutan** 
I'aep mannep ppyjian** ppa" f he hanjie" popne" jean 
Ba" miltan hpa^hce*" he biiS jehteleb • -j fpa" hpjic 

' Not jetffffa. ' onneb, H. B, ' n>^iuiV> B. ' bjij-neain, 
B. * lueeji on bipsinge, B.) bypiSu>Sc*i H. * luE, B., Aer. 

' ejiymcM, H. ' S^p^Se. H. • h»5 r<"""»r. B. " rpamftl!, H, 
■■ miM-, B. ■' CBimeb, H. B.| 0., fill. 15 b, bmkg tbe lenbnee at 

nenmet!. " rc6)niin, B. '* ««e >e, B, " jmb, B. " nor-, 

B. " (typonse, H. " Betide, H. B.; Tealne, O. " heorae tct, O. 

" -mrtS, O. ; jjiamaV, H. " milee, O. " mnnt, B. " rcnnc. H.; 

-with accent, B. " fiilla, O. " bpiDcan, B.; bpmcin, H. ** ix in 

H. hai been altered to (Ix. " -aft, 0. " tape, B. " eie, H. 

" ivpt, B. " fjjuxjaaaaB, H.; puTcmae, O., which abo ( 



Field WOBT. XTIL Enithraa 

1. Tbia wort, which is called genttan, and by 
another name field wort, is produced on downs, and 
it is beneficial for all drinks (amiidoUa) • it is uesh 
(sofi) to Qie touch, and bitter to the taste. 

Drawtig of a anake. MS. V., fol. 23 h. 

% For bite of snake, take a root of this same wort 
gentian, and dry it ; knock it then to dust by weight 
of one drachm; give to drink in wine three cups; it ' 
benefits much. 

Sowbread.* XVIU. C^cbmm 


1. Thia wtnt, which is called orbicularis, and by Bot. 
another name slite, is produced in cultivated places, 
and on downlands. 

2. In case that a mans hair &U off, take this same 
wort, and put it into the nostrils. 

3. For stirring of the inwards, take this same wort, 
work it to a salve ; lay it to the sore of the inwards. 
It also is well benefidal for heartache, 

4. For sore of mUt (spleen), take j uice of this same 
wort one cop, and five spoonsftd of vinegar ; give 
(this) to drink for nine days; thou wilt wonder at 
the benefit. Take also a root of the same wort, and 
hang it about the mans awere (neck), so that it may 
hfmg in front against the milt (^>l6&ti) ; soon he will 

• In the figures, MS. T., fol. 23 c, MS. A., fol. 14 a, we 
see that Cyd. hed. had once been tiie model : bnt the taber 
has become a disk and the flowers strawberries. In MS. T. 
Cyclamen is well dratra, and is glossed Aswote. MS. G. is 
nearer the herb than MS. T. 

" ahob, B. " bn»si, B. " jpeopan, H.; (^rmu, O. "Jib, O., for 

■pBb^B.; hnBl-,0. •• man fpa, O. 



man ^yyye Pjp'e feap Jn jeS ■ punboplicjie hpBBbnJj-fc ' 
he onjic ytey innoSef liSnnje J>af pjjite man nwcj 
niman on Felene fsL* 

Unpoptpseijbe." six. 

Deof pypc 8e man ppofejipinacam* -j o6pum naman 
unpojirpebbe nefnneG heo biK cenneb* jehptejt on*'' 
bejSnnm jropnm -j on beoji^um • Baj- pjpte' 6ii 
fcealc on pimejia nimen." 

piB p" man blob"* fpipe" jemm J>yn'«'* Pin*^ feap" 
pjiofejipinace -j bucan pniee'* jepjl on j-piie jobam 
■j [tpanjum pine bpince ponne FSBJ^^nbe'* nijon 
Sajaf" binnan'' ):am fsaoe }>u onjjtfe on Bam^* piin- 
boplic"* Sinje.*' 

pij> j-yban fape" jenim ^ffje flcaa pyjite f«q) mib 
ele ^ fmjjie** jelombce*' hiC jemmiS ^ fap. 

piB tittia jiip pipa" j'e beo6 melee -j rotSunbene*' 
jemm 8a ylcan pjpte ^ cnuca hy-** "j mib" bucepnn. 
jeliSja" leje Conne liffipto* heo tobpifC punboplice 5a 
roBonbennJ'j'i^** -j ^ j-ap. 

piS eajena yape lep funnan up^nje o^ie hpene mji 
lieo fullice jepjan" onjinne 5a to ftBepe" ylcan pypty 
pjiofeppinacam y beppir by abutan** mib anum jjl- 
benan** hpmje** ^ cpe6 ^ ]>u hy" to eajena leecebomc 
niman" pylle • ^ jeptep fipim bajum 5S eft J^BeptS** 
Bep funnan** tipjanje** ^ jenim hy*' y boh on butan** 
Jiasf mannej* fpj^ian heo fpema^" pel 

' -bee jinb-, B. ' o mice cimft, O. ' on, O. omits. ; for- 

trobbe, O., rabiic. ' proaerpiiiBiii, 0. > CKnDeb, II. B. 

^^ on, H. ' jfJpcB. •mman, H. B.; -me, O. ••(! R B. 

" Wiib, B. " jpV- B. " ilcan, B. sdda. " fe«p, B. 

" imice, B. " fafdixbe, H. " basef, O. " bmooa, B. 

'■ on «ani, II. omila. '• -lice, O. " Mns^i H- *' r*>™. O. 

" rmepa, B. " -16m-, B, " I'lpa, O. " -t>&nb-, B. " hi;. B. 


be healed. And wlistsoever man swallows the juice Sowsbrad. 
of this wort, with wondrous quickness he will perceive ' " ' 
relief of the inwards. This wort & man may collect 
at any period. 

Untrodden to pieces, Kiwtgrasa. xix. FofygMnn 

avictlare. Bot. 

1. This wort, which is called proserpinaca,'' and by 
another nume unfortrodden, is produced everywhere 
in cultivated places, and on barrows. This wort thou 
afaalt gather in summer. 

2. In case that n man spew blood, take juice of 
this wort proserpinaca, and boil it without smoke in 
very good and strong wine; let (the sick) drink it 
then fasting for nine days, within the period of 
which thou wilt perceive a wondrous thing (effect). 

3. For sore of side, take juice of this same wort, 
with oil, uid smear (the sideu) frequently; it will 
remove the sore. 

4. For sore of titties of women, which be in milk 
and swollen, take the same wort, and knock (jaound) 
it, and lithe it with butter*" {add butter as a lenitive) ; 
lay it then thereto ; it will drive away wonderfully 
the Bwollenness and the soreness. 

5. For sore of eyes, before sunrise, or shortly before 
it begin fully to set, go to the same wort proser- 
pinaca, and scratch it round about with a golden 
ring, and eay that thou wilt take it for leechdom of 
eyes, and after three days go again thereto before 
rising of sun, and take it, and hang it about the 
mans swere (necik); it will profit well 

*Lat. Polygonum =SanguiDaria=Fn)ser pi Daca. 
*> Latin, " cum butyro subncta." 

" ky mib, H. " -Sega, B. " t«ji, B. " -nen*, B. " -p's-. B- 
" ««ji*, B. " ODlQCOD, B. " un gilbene, O. " hpinse, B. O. 

"hiB.B. "-men.O. " («p, B. O. "roiie.O. *■ jancse, H ., 
vhhout np. " his, B- ■ -=™i. B. " n>*i°B^. D. 



pi6 eajiena j^ji jemm ^fye Jlcan pypte j-et^' 
jeplsahc' ^pype' on f eape punboplice Lie ^ j-aji 
tSfejieS • -j eac* pe fylpe epenlice ^ jlseplice' onpin- 
hen" Iiabb^ f hit j:pema6' y eac* picobhce acene 
l^ajjia" eapena pap jehielS. 

pi6 utphce jenijn JjJire Jlcan pypte leapa feap'" -j 
pjllM on jwffcejie sjle bpmcan Jiam jemete )« Be )nnc« 
lie biC hal jepopben. 

Smepo pjptt." XX. 

"Deoj" yfpK ]>e man apipcolochiam -j oBpum naman 
j-mepopjpc'* nemneC heo bi5 cenneb"' on bunlanbum 
•J on pepCum'" j^opum:" 

Pi6 atrpej- pCpenBe'* jenim J)ap py^ice apifcoloduam 
■j cnuca'" pjle bpincan*" on pine heo ofepfpiB ealle 
IfcpenlSe'' Jisep atcpep. 

**pi]> Jia" fn))«rtan** jzepepLp jenim 8af pjlpin pyjitre 
*j jebpije hy** fmoca Jjonne" Jwepmib*' heo apli^ na 
Uep'* Jjone pepep eac** ppylce beopul peocnyppa," 

pi6 nsepB^pla p^e jenim J'Jjje ylcan p;^pCe pyptv 
puman • -j bo on J»a njepBypln" hjueblice hjt hi" 
Speopmefi" -j to h»le jeliB&eB. pitoblice ne ma^on 
Iteceap** naht mycel beelan butan** j^ppe pjpte. 

Pi6 ()8Bt** hpa" mib c;^le jepsehc*' py jenim* jjap 
ylcan p^te" -j de *) fpinen*' fmepo** bo cosomne 

>r^p, B. ' sqilelUH H. B. *bnipe,0. < e£c, H. 'slc*r->B. 
' ^nben, O. ' V. oniita three vwd*. ' e£e, H. ' tsp*, B. 

•• r&p, B. " pyl, H. " lineo^epajic, B., io later hand. " O. omiti 
the paragraph, giving the eqniTaleot names in the next " tiaeneyjn, 

O. " cmmeb, H. B. '• fcfte, O. " rcfijj-, B, "frpmtte, 

H.; irpmstie, B.; nrense, O. '■ onuea hi ■ 1, O. " brrncan, O. 

" fcpanSKe, H.j (fcpMisl'e, B.i nnns?, O., with )> added. » O. omits 
two pangraphi. " (ne, H. *' -eft-, B. " sebpis his, B ■ 

"-)iii«i5ahin>UMnli^l>0D, H. "hipiB. " juOmr, B. ; timlif, H. 


Aftlsil UK 

6. For sore of eara, tako juice of this same wort ; Dhtbobdes 
make lokewann, ■ drip it on the ear; wonderfiilly it to"eceb. 
remoTSB the sore; and also we oorselTes have tried 

it hJilj and cleverly. And also, farther, externally it 
healeth an ulcer of the ear. 

7. For diarrhoea," take juice of the leaves of thia 
same wort, and boil it in water ; give It to drink in 
the manner which may seem good to thee; he will 
be recovered. 

SXEAB WOBT. II. Aritlolochia 

ekiMtitii, Bot. 

\. Thia wort, which is named &ft<m>Mxi», and by 
another name smear wort, is produced on downlands, 
and on BoUd places. 

2. Against strength of poison, take this wort aris^ 
tolochia, and pound it; give to drink in wine; it 
overcometh all the strength of the poison. 

3. For the stiffest feveis, take the same wort and 
Arj it ; smoke (the sick) then therewith ; it puts to 
flight not only the fever, but also devil Bickneas 
{dtimtymaoal possesnon). 

4. For sore of nostTils,i> take root of this same wort, 
and introduce it into the nostrils; quickly it porges 
them, and leadeth to health. Verily, leeches may not 
heal mnch without this wort. 

6. In case that one he afflicted with chill, 
take thia same wort, and oil and swine grease; pnt 

^ Ad dyeentericoe. 

>■ Latin, Ad flstahui, and fistolis inserta. 

■•-BiB«,H.B. "iKcar.R »-*oii,B. "jTiS + sif-O. "hpii.B. 
"ScpAc, B. "niniE, O. *• pira, 0. " rpyaen H.i rp'oeiifB. 

•■itaefe, 0. 

H 2 


j^oane ' hief B hit iSa fcpienjfie* hjne to jepjpm- 


PiB nsebjiaa plite jenim ^^e ^Ican pypee pjpt- 
tpuman Cyn peneja' jepseje ■] bealpne pefteji pmej* 
jepej-c' coj-onone aj]e bprncao jelombce {xmne tof€- 
jie6' hit ]«et avcoju 

Ejf hpylc cf\b ahpsenet)^ j-J ftoane jemm |>u ]«f 
^Ican" pJiiCe *j ftnoca hit mib fwuae jebejT fiu hit 
6e jlfebpe. * 

Pi5 f> peajihbpeebe hp&m on nofa'" pexe" jenim )>a 
^Ican pjpte -j cyppepj-um" *] bpacentj'an y hBin^ • 
cunca topomne" leje )«ejito'* Boone hiB hit fona" 

Eseppe.'" XXI, 
pi6" f mannep pex" pealle jenim )>8epe" pjpte j^ap 
|)e man naftnipcium ^ ofipum naman cfepp*^''' nemneS 
bo on ))a nopa f pex" pceal pexen," 

Beop pypc ne biB pSpen ac beo"* op hype pylfpe 
cenneb** biB** on pyllon ^ on bpoccn'* eac" bit appi- 
ten Jp f heo on pnmum lanbon** pi6 pajap peaxen** 

piB heapob j^p ji Jp piB pcupp** ^ piB ji(^ian jenim 
JjJrr* Jlcan pjpte" pfeb** *) jope finepu** cnaca 

' Hat, 0, ' IVpeDgC*, B.; nnns«, 0„ irilh ^ added. 

• -ponii', 0. < Here in B. a blank is I«ft, snd karl^ U -written, w 
R heading or gnide to rnbricator. See ConteDts. * panes*, II. B. 

• Eep«, U. B, ' -pa«, B. • ahpibiicb, B. * «■ rtljan, II. 
" noran, B.; noftt, H., irith n added. " pens, B. " "eypero," 
Latin. ■■ tofiMDni, O. ■' )i^i, B. O. " fbna hal, O. 
"karre, B., in latn writing. ■' Gif, O., fbl. 15. "pax, B. 
'• JuITe, 0- " e'lT'i B, " jwm, B. O. " pexan, H.; peaxan, B. O. 
"0. Ihui! freof jiJtc pexa)) on pjlle 1 on jwcerc ' 1 eac on lanbu> 
1 by pasaT- 1 by tttmrr. *■ cunneb, B. ** biS, II. ooiit*. 
" bpocoo, II. B. " ac, II. " laube, H. " pexen, B. ■ j««pj-, H.1 
O. eondcniwa. " pn, O. « sne, for r**V H. " nnep>T B.j -re, O. 


them, tt^ther ; then bath it the strength t« wtu-iu Smbik hoi 
lum. ■*"■" 

Two snakes intertwined. M8. V., fol. 24 e. 

6. For bite of adder, take roots of this same wort, 
by weight of ten pennies and half a seztariua, 
( j pint) at wine ; wash them together ; give to drink 
frequently; then will it remove the poison. 

7. If any child be yexed,>^ then take thoa the same 
wort, and smoke it with this; then wilt thou render 
it the gladder. 

8. In case that to any one on uloerb grow oa his 
nose, take the same wort, and cypress, a^d dragons, 
and honey, pound together, lay thereto {applj/ the 
preparatioTi); then will it be soon amended. 

CeESS, Watercress," XXl. Tfa>li,rfium 

1. In case that a mans hiur fall off,^ take juice of 
the wort which one nametb nasturtium, and by 
another name cress; put it on the nose; the haii- 
shall wax (grow). 

2. This woi't is not sown, but it is produced of 
itself in wylls (springs), and in bi-ooks;^ also it is 
written, that in some lands it will grow a^inst 

3. For sore of head, that is for scurf and for itch, 
take seed of this same wort and goose grease ; 

■ Latin, conU'iiit&lus. 

*> Latin, cnrcinomato. 

■^ The drawings are rudely like the plant, "The drawing 
in MS. V, IB most like Euphorbia lathyrie, caper Bpui^e," H. 

^ Latin, Ad caput depilandum. 

* Ltttin, circa parictes imoB. The interpreter has wilfully 
altered the Beuse. 


tofomne hit \>fk, hpiwiejTe' ^f' y^V^f^T "F *"" 
liea]:be aCyhS. 

PiiS licej-* j-ajinjyfe* ^enim )»]■ Jlcan pjpte' naf- 
cnpcium -j polleian' yeotS on ptetejie syle bjunoan 
]>oiine jebetfc' 5u J^J lichoman' j-ajinyfj-e* y f ypel ■ 

pi6 rpylaj" jemm Jw-r Jlcan pjpte -j cnuca by' nub 
ele* leje opeji J>a fPJ^r "^"^ 'Sonne"' J'sepe" ^Ican 
pj'pce^' leaf 1 leje JMepto." 

Jh6 peaptaa ;enim J>aj" ylcan pjpte *) jylt" onaca 
toj-omne,*' leje Ji»pto'' hj IJeoB j-ona popuumene, 

IJlieaCe p^t. XXU, 

Deof pyptt ]>e man hiepibolbam ^ o6piim naman 
^enXw pjpc nemneji heo bi^ cenneb" abutan'* heojan" 
•j on jmliun fbopom. 

pi6 b5a i*pe jemm j'Jn'e Jlcan pypte )?e pe biepi- 
bulbum nembun*" j-yx yntran*' -j jseceney pnepupef 
Sam be jelicon-'* -j op cyppej-ro*" J>am cpeopcynne 
anef pxn^p jepihce elep *j Cpejea*^ Jntfa cnuca ro 
fonme pel jemSnjoeb** bit jemmG f yofi je Jjaej" innoiiey 
je Jnepa" bCa. 

Eip nebcopn on pipnannef nebbe pexen" ;eium 
Jiyffe rylpan** pjpte py'ptpuman*' -j jemenjc*" piiS ele 
(jpea" py66an Ixepmib" hit ajreopmaB op ealle !» 

' hptc, B. ' Hej^npTert ^ * I^^i B. *"Ad cmSlalem," 

indigation. The traiuUtor took it tar "ravneM." *polk^aii, 0. 

*>4niesebecnni, H.) )«ii, 0. '-lumui,B. H.) -mtt,0. ■-aeOe, 

B. • cofepeU, H. '• tiane, O. " J«pe, B. 0. ** pjie, O. 

" >^i, B. O. " " Ad atnauu "—ciat lomatta. Apoleliu. ThtX ii, a 

Buxtare t^ bean meal and tiet kntadid togcthtr. BvA^k=ymaL "co- 
gabtre, O. '" >ape6, B,; J>ar, O. " oanneb, H. B. ■ -coo, B- 

" hegon, H, B. "J-bon, B. " enfim, H. " S'lu^s". H- " Ofci 
cgprini, I«ti o3 ofpHvtti cypT^fTa, H, " epespa, B. " senHenScet)) 
H.; -geti, B. " tiLjia, B, " peucu, B. " ryljian, H. " pjpcep-, 
B. H. »snii»»S«tB.( ^,B. "Jip^B, «t«p, B, 



pound together ; it draws from off the head the Cbess. 
wfaitenesa of the Bcorf. . ■*"■ "'■ 

i. For soreness of body,' take this same wort 
nasttirtium, and penny royal; seethe them in water; 
^ve to drink ; then amendeat thou the soreness of the 
body, and ihe evil departs. 

5. Against swellings, take this same wort, and 
pound it with oil ; lay over the swellings ; then take 
leaves of the same wort, and lay them thereto. 

6. Against warts,'' tak:e this same wort and yeast ; 
pound together, lay thereto ; they be soon taken away. 

GbEAT WOBT. XXn. Cokhteum 


1. Thia wort, which man nameth itpipoKp^s, and by Boi, 
another name great wort, is produced about hedges 
and in fool places. 

2. For sore of joints, take of this same wort, which 
we named hierobulbus, six ounces, and of goats 
grease by the same (measure), and of oil " of cypress, 
the tree genus, by weight of one pound, and two 
ounces; pound together; when well mixed, it will 
take away the disease, either of the Inwards or of the 

3. If granulations {pvm^lea) grow on a womans 
fiice, take roots of this same wort, and mingle with 
oil;'' then wash afterwards therewith; it will purge 
away all the face kernels (pi/mples). 

* Latin, Ad craditatem, indigestion, 

*> Latin, Ad funinculos, boils, 

' LatiD, Cyprinnin oleum, ad libram ot anciOB duae ; oil of 
privet, one pound two ounces. The interpreter bad tiis 

<> Latin, Cum linimento lupinacio, thnt is, brewis, used as a 
wash for the face. 


120 HERBABrra 

Elop pj-pt-i xxiii. 

Deoj- pyjit ^ man apoUmajiem ^ o6pum namaii 
jlofpypc nemne]> Jp j-Seb ^ apollo hy »peft:' pnban' 
j-ceolbe* "j hj* ej-eolapio Jjam Isece j-Jllan Iwnon he 
hype Jjsene* naman' on ofetce. 

pife hnnba* r^pe senim Jiap Jlcan pypte apoUinafiem 
cnuca hy' mib ealhum'* fmeppe bu'can" j-ealtre bo 
)>8epto" anne" pcsenc" ealbej-" pinep ^ ^ sj'* jehaec 
butan^^ fmice*'* -j ]«ef Bmeppef-"' pj' Snep punSep 
jepihce** CDUca Co pomne J>am jcmeCe J^e 6u cly^an 
pypce "j leje Co ))iepe*' lianba.** 

Majejje." ixiv. 

pi6 eajena pape jemme man** Sep punnan" upjauje 
8ap pypce )>e man camemcloD "j oiSpnm naman majej~e 
DemneS -j Jfonne*" hy man nime*' opeJ>e f he hj** 
pille piS plean -j pi6 eajena pape niman*^ nyine py66an 
f pSp "j fmypije*" iSa eajan ftsejimib." 

PeojiC cloippe.'* XXV. 

Deop pj-pc )ie man chamebpip ^ oSpum naman heopc- 
cUeppe nenmeG heo bi6 cennet)** on banmn** -j on 
peefcum lanbnm. 

■clof^re,E, in later wri^Dg. '-oft, B.; Meft, O. • floben, O, 

' rcolbe, B. ■ hf , B. * >oi>e, B. ' ttUi ■ >■ he hyre Yinaa 

namiin, O. 'Ad md/itra ckironia, Latin j hfinbi, B. ; hanbi, O. 

' hi5, B. O. '• ealbe, 0. " -con, B. 0, " >ap, B. O. " ■nnr, 
H. B. "fencO. " Blbef, O. "rf.B. "-con,B. 

" pnlce, B. ." rm«reper> O. *• s*ptnce, 0. " l^e, B, O. 

" Cbironio mthtari mpmea, Latin. *• mei%, B., by htw butd. 

" SeuuD, O., withoQt man, toX. 38 — 10. ** fona, O. * >an, O. 

" tumcn, O. " luE, B. " nunc, O., infinitiTc. ■ Anypje, U.; 

nnejiisu, B. I rmjre, O. " Hlii B. " heo^c clourc, B., by later pen, 
° CEonni.-b, H. B. " bune, O. 


OWTBWOBT, Lily of the VaUey. XXIII. Co«raflara. 

1. Of this -ffort, which is named ApolUnaris, and 
by another name glovewort, it is said that Apollo 
should first find it, and give it to .^Iscolapius, the 
leech, whence he set on it the nama 

2. For sore of hands,* take this same wort Apolli- 
nftris, pound it with old lord without salt, add thereto 
a cup of old wine, and let that be heated without 
smoke,* and of the lard let there be by weight of one 
pound; knock (jaound) together in the manner in 
which thoQ ' mightest work a plaister, and lay to the 

MArrHK. sxiv. ^„rt*«« 

1. For sore of eyes, let a man take ere the uf^ing 
of the sun, the wort which is called ;^afMif^i)Xov and 
by aoobhec name maythe, and when a man taketh 
it, let him say that he will t^e it against white 
specks, and against sore of eyes ; let bim next take 
the ooze, and smear the eyes therewith. 

Hart CJX)VER. XXV. Mcdicago. BoI. 

1. This wort, which is named xfitai&pus, Oermcmder/i 
and by another name hart clover, is produced on 
downs and on solid <> lands. 

■Ad Tohiera qrronis. By Celsus (v. xxviii, 5.) vicus 
chironium U defined as " quod et magnum est, et habit oros 
" doras, calloBiu^ tmnentes." Bat the iaterpreter knew some 
Oreel^ uid in that language x<lf K.Aand. 

^ Latin, Yinom vetna aine fiimo. The interpreter did not 
know that the Somana evaponited aome watery partjcles of 
the muet before fermentation. The worda " bo heated," aro 
his iaterpolatioD. 

° Teucrittm chamadryt, Bot. 

■' Latin, Sabuloei?, sand;/. 


EyF bpa cobp^feb pf jenim' ptkf pypte" J>e pe 
camebjiij' nembon (aiuca hj* oq Cpype&mn* jaete syle 
bjuncan on pine eac" fpjlce to yliCe heo jehteleB. 

piiS neebpan j-lite jenim Jwf ylcan pypte CDuca hy* 
fpyj>e fmEel on bujtie' j-yle ti|imcan on ealbum' pine 
]reaple hyt f attop tobpepB.' 

Pi8 potable jemm ])af ^Ican pypte fyle bpincon 
on peapmum'" pine J^am jemete pe pe hiep" bepopan 
cptebon punboplice hjt f pap jeb^jatS ■j Jia hiele 
jejeappf^' jjap p;^te" \ni pcealc niman" on )jam 
monCe ]je man au^l^r uemne6. 

pulpep camb.'* xsvi. 

Jhfi lipep ]"eocn Jppe jenim pfffa pjpte peap )» man 
chameffilesQ "j o6pum naman" pulpep camb nemne8 
syle bpincao on pine- *] pepepjinbom mib peapmum" 
psetepe punbuphce" hyc ppemaB.'* 

Jh6 attpep bpinc jenim ]«ip ylcan pjpte cnuca liy '* 
CO bulte pjle bpincan on pine eal" f atcop topaaptSi 

pi8 pjetep peocnyppe jenim J>ap ylcan pjpte ^ 
lipsepiep pot*' ■j heopc"* cl^ppan ^ henep** ealpa iSippa 
pypta** jehce ■ mycel be jepibte cnoca hj** to 
fmnlon" bufce pyle Jiycjean" on pine jeonjum men fif 
oucelepap jrulle - -j jin^um ^ untpuaium** ^ ppum 
Jipy*" cuculejiap • btlum** cilbum finne**' punbuplice** 
he f pserep )mpb micjCan poplseteC.** 

' QjiDe, O. * pyp^i O., which condciiBe*. * his, B, * c^ieop-, 0- 
' etc, H. * his, B. ^ ^o fy- tia. b., 0. ■ -ban, B. i mlbta, O. 

' tobjier, T. 1 cobjuBrS, H. B.; kI * «. eo brepf, O. " pjpmt, O. 

" hep, B. '* pyre, O. '* nunc, 0, " pulnef comb, B., hot later. 
" namB, O. " pjnoe, O. " -boji-, B. " ppamalS, H. '■ hij, B. 
■ k1, O. " p»rner j^, B, *> horr, O. •" hnnep, H. B. ** esUe 
JiilTe pyrxe, 0, "his, B. ** ftnalan, B.; -le, O. ''J>iCKsn, 

H. B. "nnciiujiu, B. " tPTSi B.; nq, O. '*facle,0. 



2. If one be braised,* take this wort, which we Habt clotb 
named chamtedrya, pound it in a treen {toooden) fat ^^"'■ 
(yeaad); give to drink in wine; it alao h^eth for an 

incised wooud. 

Figure of a make. MS. V., fol. 25 d. 

3. For bite of adder, take this same wort, pound it 
very small to dust ; give to drink in old wine ; 
thoroughly will it drive off the poison. 

4. For foot addle (gouf), take this same wort; give 
to drink in warm wine, in the manner in which we 
here before said; wonderfolly it aJleviates the sore, 
and prepares the cure. This wort thou shalt take in 
the month whioh is named August 

Wolfs oohb. xxn. niptacm 

tilvtatrit, Boi 

1. For liver sickness, take juice of this wort, which 
man nameth j^aituUxetntfi and by another name wolfs 
comb; ^ve it to drink in wine, and to the feverish 
with warm water; wonderfully it benefits. 

2. For drink of poison, take this same wort ; knock 
it to dust; give it to drink in wine; all the poison 

3. For water sickneBs, take this same wort> and 
ravens foot and heart clover and ground pine, of all 
these worts equally much by weight; pound them to 
small dust; ^ve them to swallow in wine; to young 
men five qxtonsfidl, and to younger, and to the infirm, 
and to wives (women), three spoons (lull); to little 
chihlren one; wvuderfnlly it letteth off the water 
through urine. 

■ Latin, ConvnlwM, and Etiam mptoa aaaat. 
^ The Engliah text has miBtaken x"!""^"* ^"^ xofjutKnia, 
and translated the former, as in art. CLU., and mcorTcctly. 

■> ■cuie, B. H.; anne, 0.; inc, V. ■■ Five wordi omitted la H.; 



Rather groood Denep.* XXVII. 

]7i6 punbela jeniin ]>ar pjpte [>€ man chamepicliyf 
■j oCpuia nainan henep' aemneS cnuca -j' leje ro 
Siepe* pun!>e-' jyp )»onne feo punb" fpj'^ beop ay 
jenira f poj* ■j ppmj on &a punl>a.' 

pi[> innoQej* sape jemm }»i* ylcan pypw ' f yle 
t>piDcaQ heo f ffip jemm6.' 

Dpepiej-'" foC. XXTIII. 

Pi8 inno6 to afcjpijenne jemm 6af pypw tSe jpecaj- 
cliamubajiTie ^ enjle bpiepief " foc nenmaS" cnnca co 
fnuelon'* bujTe rj-le bpincan'* on peapmum" psecepc 
bre 8one '■■ innoC ajxypeB. 

Ly8p;ypt. XXIX. 

Deoj" pjp; J>e" man ofrpia^o *) oSpnm naman ly6- 
pypr nenmeft" bi6 cenneb" abutui** bjpjenne" -j 
on beopsnm" ^ on pa^m J:8epa'* huj^ J>e piB fauna 

piji ealle" ftinjc Be on men" co papc*" "acennefae* 

O. coDdense*. beoB jenim ]»]• pypte J»e pe Ofcpiajo nembon "j cnuca 

by" leje CO Bam pape* ealle ya Jjincj fpa pe tep 

cfffiJxjn Jje on fep mannef liclioman*' to kBe Seen- 

nefae" beofi" heo Bujib** bteleB." 

> bnnEp, H.; uepee, B., by I&ter huid and in index. In tbe pua- 
gr^h next pTM^ns bencp, bamrp, In all the HSS., anevered to f hamii ■ 
plt7>. ' hancp, H. B. ; t on ^lu hinep h*ce1S, 0. ' an fbr -), O., 

fbllcnring the (onnd. ' t^pe, B. * piifoa, O. * tan ^t put>a, O. 

' jninbc, H, ' pyre, O. ' scnmtS, V. " bpBfiiM, H.j rdbcr 

foe, B., by later hand. " perner, B. " nennaS, O. " Itaualan, 

H.i ]inaIan,B.; -le, 0. "bnnca.O. "penne.O, "J>afl,0. 

" t, O. See St Ibrb., Hdden tc H., p. SS. >■ a breaks the sentence, 
fol. 1 6, at " nenmefi." " cotnnefe, H. B. " -ton, B. " b yii- 

Eenum, IL " bjjisiDu, B. " tajia, B. " O. adda t«. 

" mmi, II.; mannc, 0. " Tore, 0. ^ jy i, H. B. add. " -neb, 

:, H. B. =■ his, B. * tkin foni, 0. " lichamui, B. 



HeHP. XXTII. Aiuga eiamir- 

pilgl. Boi. 

1. For wounds, take this wort which is colled 
Xo^f'fT-uf, and by another name hemp ; knock (pouncj), 
and lay it to the wound ; if then the wound be very 
deep, take the ooze, and wring it on the wound. 

2. For sore of inwards, take the same wort, give 
(it) to drink ; it will take away the sore. 

Ravens foot* xxvdl 
1. For to stir the inwards, take the wort which 
Greeks name ;^ci^i!a$vi), and the Engles ravens foot; 
knock {yxm/iid) to small dost ; give to drink in warm 
water; it will stir the inwards. 

LiTHEWOBT. XXIX. jf„^,„. 

1. This wort, which is named hoatriago, and by ' " "*' ^' 
another name lithe wort, is produced about burial 
places and on barrows, and on walls of bouses, which 
stand against downs. 

2. For all things which are generated on a man by 
way of disease, take this wort, which we called hos- 
fa-iago, and knock (^ound) it; then lay it to the 
sore. All the things, as we ere (before) said, which 
are generated on mans body to loathe, it thoroughly 
will heal. 

■ Rarens foot is Sanuneulut Jicaria. Bol. Chamedafne » 
HtueuM racemo$ut. A. rananculus, but aot ficarla, is drawn 
in US. v.; a Ruscub in US. G. 

"-neb, O.; a 

haoK, H. " ^ar, O, 



Ihp 6a )>af p^te* luinaD' ffUs Su j-cealc dsene beon 
•j eac* £p ftmuau* upjanje }>a h^'j-cealr iiiiaau*'on 
8am monfie' Ke^ man inliuf nemnefi. 

JSsepen' hybele."* XXX. 
Pi6 muCef" sape'* jeoim paj pjpte J>e" jjiecaf 
bjiiixsmce *j enjle" hapen" hjbele nemueC couca 
hy'* fpa 5]jeii«" -j ppm; f pof syle bjimcan** ^ heal6e 
fpa on hi]" muCe- ^ )jeah man hpylcne bael Jwpop" 
fpelje jelice hit jrpemaB.*" 

6ft pi6 mu]>ef fape" jemm )>a** ^Ican pjpte" 
bp^tcamcam • jj-p Bu hj** jpene n»bbe jenim hj 
bp^je^ cnnca mi6 pine on hunijef }>ic&^f]-e mm Konne** 
jHim j-Jlpan jemete ])e pe fep" cpeebon heo hsej* J*.** 
Bylpan jepjiemmineje." 

Pi6 co^a rape -j jyp hj pajesen** ^^nim jjaj- ylcan 
pjpce*' heo Of fumpe punbupliqie" mihte" helpeS • 
hype pOf -J hype buft; yj* ro jehealbeime'* on pintpe** 
■ fop Sam ye heo seJcon timan ne at^peS •" h^e pop 
}>u fcealc on pammep *' hopne** jehealban bpije" eac f 
buft -j*" jehealb ■ pitobhce eac h^t pceajiphce fpemiA 
to Bam sj^lfan" bpyce mib pine onbjpseb, 

piB fwftne innoB to ftypijenne** jenim )»irpe Jlcan 
pjpte Heap** fyle bpmoan be J«epe** mihte )«** hpa 
mseje jiuph hit self** butan*' fpecneppe** hit fpeop- 
maB punbuphoe*' Cone" mnofi, 

' pyre, 0. * nime, 0. ' «*o, H. ' Aume, O. » his, B- ' -*»«n, O. 
' moo'Si, O. ' 11, O. * hi^cn eometed to bmptaai, H. " hobdrn, O^ 
foL36»7. " mnolier, H. "fi», O.; njs H. "mm ^apyivK O. 
" BnS'e, H. " luBpeQ corrected to luepcneii, H. " his >■, O. 

■' sp^ne, B. '■ nqtui, H. B. 0. " i>aji, B. O. ** Fpunst!, H. 

■» fere, 0. " K V. B. i Hr. H. " pyrt, O. " his, B. 0. 

"bpiBS*, H. B. "^u, O, " <ji, B. ">e, O. ■-nnjnes*, ILi 
^nge, B.; -nnse, O. • jnsisaii, B.[ pagion, O. " t*fpjn:, O. 

" punboplicjie, H. B. " lurf)> Amie p. m., 0. " ge, B. oinita. 

** pmcpa, H. " NC^i B, 0. In B, the tK^ i» after par. " in 


3. If thou will to take this wort, thou shalt be Lithbwoht. 
clean, and alao, ere rising of auq, thou shalt take it ^" 

in (be month which is named July. 


Anglica. Bol. 

1. For aore of mouth, take this wort which the 
Greeks name ^firravtx^, and the Engles dark hued 
hydele; knock (pound) it so green, and wring the 
ooze; ^ve to sip, and let (the suflferer) hold it so 
in his mouth, and though a man swallow some dole 
(part) Ui««o( it will alike benefit. 

2. Again, for sore of mouth,^ take the same wort 
brittannica; if thou have it not green, take it dry, 
pound it with wine to the thickness of honey; take 
it then in the same manner as we before said ; it wilt 
have the same good effect 

3. For aore of teeth, and if they wag, take the 
same wort; it out of some wonderlike virtue will 
help ; its ooze and its dost is to be preserved in 
winter, since it does not appear at every time; its 
ooze thou shalt hold in a rams horn ; diy also t)ie 
dust, and keep it. Yerily, also, it sharply benefits 
towards the same use, swallowed with wine. 

4. For fast (costive) inwards, to stir them, take the 
juioe of this same wort ; give it to drink by the 
might, which each one may (according to a mana 
ttrength), through itself without danger, it purges 
wonderfully the inwaids. 

■ Latin, Ad ooeitadinem, for yawning. 

UMe abietino, tM.; here arittimot |>unncj, V.; hpiraef, B. " h6iine, 
B. " bpisse, B. " H. oraito ai. -mmda. " rjlfe, O. •* ftjp- 

S«in'. H. "t^p.K; 0. alien. "Hpe, B. 0. "KO. 

" filj, B. " bwon, B. « rjuK-, B, " punboplicc, H. B. 0. 


128 H8BBARI7U 

Pi5 pban pipe f jpecaj- p^ialij^f nemnaiB' jenim 
Jiaj" ylcan pjpte* fpa jjiene' mife pjjictjiiimum* 
cnnca b^' a^le bjimcui on jnne tpejen Y^ences-y" 
oNSe' ftjij'* hjc !]■ jeljfeii" f heo jnuibujUice" fpe- 

pubu lecepic." XXXI. 

Seof pJpC )« man laAacam pipaticam -j (^pom 
naman" pubu lectpic'* cemoeS bi6 cenneb'^ on be^aniini 
fcopum -j on j-onbijum. 

JhS ea^ena bjinnej-j-e fy peb ]5 ye eapn )>onne he 
upfleon" pille co fy f be Jjy beojitup xe^eon mteje" 
^'" be p^lle mib ]ram j*eape bip eajau'° bpeppau ^j 
pscan ^ be |mpb ^> onfehS" J?a nuejraa beopbr- 

Gpc pj6 eajena bjnmyffe senim py^fe ylcan pjpce 
[-eap Jre pe Lictaicam filpaticam nembon mib ealbon 
pine -j mib hvtnije jemencjeb" ^ Jjyj" fy buCan" fmice 
jepomnub" f bi8 aelujT;'* f man fJrpe pyj^^c feap 
fpa pe fep cpeebon ^ pin -j bouij jemeni^e" to- 
_ _ _ somne ^ on anpe jlsej-enpe'" ampullan jelojie" l^uce** 
kva;. ]K>niie him ]>eapf fy • op Bam pn bealicne Itecebom 


■ DemneS, H. B. * ryre, O^ and alien. ■ spfne, B. ■ -nun, B.; 
pimniDiBii .' O. ' his, B, O. * rcvDO]-, B.; Tcenccf, O. ' ob*ir, O, 
' )^>iSi B. 1 ot>f^y, H., with ■ later attempt to alter i but the penman mrant 
what be wroH. > sdifeb, B. " pnobojiliec, H. B. " numise, H. 
■' Id H. a later gloaa gives Scanolo, Soaitolo, vndtrataad ScarKIa, gar- 
dot endive, or broad Itqft, (Florio) ; pnbe Icfcnc, B., bj lattr hand. 
■* namon, B. " leccjiix, B. '* cnnneb, H. B. " bp pille rleoB, 

K.; jleoo, B. " mas, V., the laat leKer {») gone. " fri, B., bat 

V. H. omit " easo<^ ^- " aT^hti- H. " ^rnmnsct), B.; snn>nc- 
Seb, II. "bncon, B' ** sqronRob, H. B. " wieft, II.; -lofc, B. 

V. ii here 
much eaten 


APTLEn. 1S9 

5. For aore of side, which the Greeks name xupa- -Q^am- 
Aua-i{ {palsy), take this same wort ao green, with (its) coloubbd 
roota; poand it; give it to drink in wine, two Art^!^ 
draoghtfi or three ; it is helieved that it will wonder- 
fully bene6t. 

Wood or wild lfttuce.' rxxi. i«hwi 

aranolM. BoL 

1. This wort, which is named lactaca silvaUco, and 
by another name wood lettuce, is produced in culti- 
vated pltuses, and on sandy ones. 

2. For dimness of eyee, it is said that the earn 
{&igle), when he will upfly, in order that be may see 
the more brightly, will touch his eyes with the juice, 
and wet them, and he through that obtains the 
greatest brightness. 

3. Again, for dinmess of eyes, take juice of this 
same wort, which we nuned lactuca silvatica, mixed 
with old wine and with honey, and let this be 
collected without smoke. It is best that a man . 
mingle together juice of this wort, which we before 
named, and wine and honey, and lay them up in a 
glass ampalla {vessel) ; use when need be ; from this 
you will observe a wondrous cure. 

■ The drawing is nearly gone, but traces of a lettuce 
remain. MS. Add. 17068, fol. 19 b, has a tall bunch of 

*• Scnumse, B. ; pin -j hnn^ jniiviisce, H. " anpe sl»r<°o*. H- ! 

ptler ink hmd made slarmiie; V. ii illegible. "s'lope.H.; V. : 

illegible i Ecl6sisi, B. " \tpo<x, H, 


Eajidipe.' xxxn. 

piiS eajena fape jenim )«ij" pyjite pe man apjuno- 
niam' 'j otSpum nanum ^jiclife nemneS cnuca hy* 
yysk ^ene* Jmjih hy felpe ■" syp Cu hy J>onne' jjiene 
mebbe' jemm hj* bpije* "j bype'" on peapmum" 
jWBtejie n» ]>u ea]>ebco]^ hy* bjijcan" mseje • frnj-jia" 
Jjonne" Jwejimil)'" ojrfclioe heo 'Sa Cale -j'" ^ jliji op J)ain 
eajan" abpipC 

piiS innoSej' fajie ^^lum ^fxve ylcaa pypre" pyptjia- 
man'" Jje pe appmoniam nemixm*' pyle bpincan*' hyr 
ppemaS** punboplice.** 

PiB cancop** ^ pi6 puniiela jenim Jiaj* ylcan pypre** 
j-pa 5pene cnuca hf leje to Jwm ptpe"" jecpemlice" 
heo Jwne leaJitop jehselan** di^bj ■ jyp ■Bonne" peo 
pypc bpisje" fy bype hy on peapmum p«tepe • hyc 
yr Selyp^" ¥ '^^ ^^ '^'"° ylcan ppemije.** 

"PiB niebpan j"liCe jemm J'yffe Jlcan py]tte cpejea 
■ Cpymesa jephte -j** tpejen" fcenceap** pinep syle 
bpmcan punbujUice'* hjr ^ actop topejieB." 

PiB peaptan jemm ]»aj" ylcan pypte cnuca on ecebp 
leje Jweprfi" heo jenimB*" )ja peaptan. 

piB milcan*' fajie jenim J>aj" ;flcan pypce" Byle 
(acjean** on pine heo f pi^ popnimB** Jwpe** milcaiL 

Elf Bn hpilce J»injc** op Bam hchoroan*' ceoppan pj-lle 

' goqfbbt B., bf later bnod. ' Tbe oorrector alta%d Id B. to 

eqiunomun ; irftiiAni ia not agrimimy. ■ hi^, B. * EpSne, B. 

' J7l|:e, H. B. O. ' (*•>«, O. ' nabbe, O. * hiB, B., twice, 

' ^"SK'i H. B. " bpype, H. " ptfinim, O. " bpyran, H.; 

bpmcan, B. " sm^e, U.i (Inepa, B. " Hue, B. " Hp> B. O. 

" 1, O. omits. " ea^oii, B. " pyp**, 0. omits. '• j^pccpumao, H. 
■* iiemb«, 0. " bncan, O. ° ipama't!, H. " ;iDnbelice, 0., Kmatdilg. 
" cancre, O. " pire, O. ■ fore, 0. " -cpem-, B. " Icahccr 
Sehalan, O. ■ }va, 0. ■ bnseD, O. " -IJf-, B.; sebfc, O. 

" mielan fpamise, H. " 0. omit* the paragraph. " Vonr irordt 


QabCLITE.* XXXII. AgrimiMia 


1. For 8OTe of eyes, take this wort, wliioh ia named "'■ 
agrimony, and by anotlier name gardive; pound it so 
green by itself; if then thou have it not green, take 

it dry and dip it in warm water, so as thoo mayest 
eaailiest tise it ; sniear th^i therewith ; hastily it 
driTBth away the &ult and the sore firom the eyes. 

2. For sore of inwards, take roots of this same 
wort, which we named agrimony ; give to drink ; it 
benefite wonderiully. 

3. Against cancer, and against wounds, take this 
same so green ; poond it ; lay it to the sore con- 
veniently J it caa cure the disorder. If then the 
wort he dry, dip it in warm water ; it is believed 
that it may profit to the same purpose. 

Figwe of snake. MS. V., fol. 27 A. 

4. Against bite of snake, take this same wort, by 
weight of two drachms, and two draughts of wine ; 
give iAw to drink (to the bitten) ; wonderfully it re- 
moves the poison. 

5. For warts, take this same wort, pound it with 
vin^ar ; lay it thereto ; it takes away the warts. 

6. For sore of spleen, take this same wort, give to 
swallow in wine; it removes the sore of the spleeiL 

7. If thon will to cut any things &om ofiF the 

* In the drawing, MS. V., fol. 27 c, no flowers remain, the 
leaves are ovate serrated. Enough, however, may be seen, 
especially the long spike, to satisfy the doubter. MS. Add. 
17063, fol. 20 a, has made the flowers droop. 

omitted in V. " »TWBP», B. •* rcaa<»r> B- " ponboplice, H. 

■ eof«iiftS, H, B. ■ >ttp, B. * he benimb, O. " milee, O. 

■ «nf pm, 0. " jncsaii, H. B. ; biCKsn, 0, " benim*. O. " >ape, 
B. 0. " Hnc, H. " Junwui, B. 

I 2 



■j Be Jjonne' ]>mce f 6u ne msBje* jenim Jtaf ylcan 
pjpte* jecnucai>e* leje J«ej»co' heo° hyt jeopenaS "j 

piB r'^^ ifejmej" o66e fcenjer* (feoy ylce pJjTC" 
jecnucnb'" *] cojeUeb" heo punbuplice" jehsde)*," 

pntiu pope.'* XXSUI, 
Pi8 fceancena'* j^pe oBCe pota jenim py^fe" pj-pte" 
j-eap ^^^ man ajtnila pe^a ^ oSpum nam&n pnbu- 
pope" nemneS mib amijbalep ele fmype*" Jraep" f 
pSp** p;^ hyt bi6 punboplice'* jehieleb** ^ ;Jp bj-c 
jeppell'* 8j CQUca hf *] pel jeliCejobe leje Jweiito,*" 

JhC lijrpe pape" jenim J'Jppe** pylpon*' p^pCe** pypc- 
puman" j-jle bpmcan oq sefpetton** pietepe** Iiic f 
pap** punboplice" opjemmfi."' 

Pubu" bocee.** xxxiv. 
Irjj: hpylo foBnep** on liGhomaQ*" becume ;enim jiap 
pjpte Jw man lapatitim • 'j otSpum naman pubu bocce 
nemneS -j ealb ppynen pmepu*' ^ 8one cpuman** op 
openbacenum*' hiape cauca copomne |)aro jemete iSe 6n 
cly6an pypce teje** Co Cam pape hyr jehtel6 pun- 

' titSe, 0. ' inilie«, commonlT. ' pm, O, • -cab«, B. 0. 

* Vtx, 0. * he, V. * sdualS, O. ■ (kansej-, H.; jrCi^, B. 

•jTree.O. '* -4Mb, 0. " -leb, H.O. " jnmbc^Jice.H.; -bnv., O. 
>■ ;«luel«, H. O. " jraberooft, B., hj later hand. " jvaiw-, B. 

" InlTm, 0. " pJpEBn, B, "H,0. " pnbepofe, 0. " Qnept, 
B. ; liaen, O. " )«p, B, O. " fiir, 0. " punbelice, O., wmadilf. 
" Sehaleb, O. " sefpelleb, 0. " >ap, B. 0. " fore, O. " lolTiT, O. 
** ilcAD, B. * parte, O. " pypccpDman, H. B.; jnrcmme, O. 

" -ecu, B. [ -eiin, O. " p«c-, O. " for, O. " pnnbelice, O. 

"Here 0. inserts u tbllows: pyf> f man on pambe (brpeu H.' ^enliii 
hHV pyrcnman ^ grecaT malochm agrfa- 1 rouane aftola legii ncm- 
meK t en^ifc • pubero& hscaS i cnaca nub p!iie Gle bnncan • Ibua )^ 
on^rc |>ifTe puree fVenfnlDelTe. pit! mnoKr fleplkn • %*jaia JiifTe parte 


iPVXEii. 133 

body, and it then seem to thee, that tliou mayest not, 
take this same wort pounded ; lay it thereto ; it 
openeth and heaJeth. 

8. For blow of iron or of pole, this same wort, 
pounded and applied, wonderfully healetb. 


1. For sore of shanks, or of feet, take juice of this 
same wort, which is called has tula r^a, and by 
another name woodroffe, with oil of almond; swear 
where the Bore is; it will be wonderfully healed, 
and if it be a swelling, pound it and lay it made 
well lithe thereto. 

2. For disease of liver, take roots of this same wort ; 
give to drink in sweetened water ; it will wonderfully 
remove the disorder. 

Wood dock, Sori'd.^ xxjtiv. ^ 


1. If any stiSness come upon the body, take this 
wort, which is called lapatium,' and by another 
name wood dock, and old swine lard, and the crumb 
of an oven-baked loaf; pound together in the manner 
in which one makes a poultice, lay it to the Bore, it 
healetb wonderfnlly. 

> The drawingB all intend an asphodel ; they cannot bo 
meant for an asperula. See art. Liu. 

<> The drawings all intend sorrel : in MS. T. is a gloss 
" Snrdocke." 

Tub • semeDCg ro rti>uii breoclie bnncu tut { hie 5cjint> l^uc inuol'. 
" puft«, B., by Uter hand. ■ Oxslapatiam, XiaAa, " fn'SarY, U.; 

rciSpn", v., bat the p hat a dot below iL * on man, B. " rmcjia, B, 
" eplunan, B. " bacenan, U. " le, H., coitecled to leje. 



eo]»6 ;ealla vel cu|imelle. sxxv. 

•JhC lijreji able jenim Jiaf pypte )» xpecap centaupia 
matoji 1 aai;le' cujunelle •' feo majie nenmaC* *} eac* 
Bume men eojiS jeallan haca^° 8eo6 on pme syle 
bjuncao- jninttonlice heo jej-tjianjaC- -j pi6 milcan' fape 
bo Jn]* sylpe. 

Jh8 punba 'j piC cancop jemm |iap ilcan* pypte 
cnuca hy leje to J>am pape Ne sejiapaB heo ^ Ctet ffip 
pipCnp pexe.' 

DeoB fjlpe pjpt ceuraupia yp spJJ^ ]"ceapp numul" 
nipe punba "j pibe to jehEeletme" j'pa ^ J^a punba 
bpasbhce t558ebepe ^afi- -j eac" j-pa pome" hio jebej> f 
flflepc tojrebepe jeclipalS jjp ^^^ ™*° "^ t*™ ptetepe 
jej'J^ ye heo on bifl 

Lupmelle pepeppije. sxxYI. 
Deep p^pt ye man ceutaupiam minopem -j oCpvim 
naman cupmelle sec ItefpEe" cemneS ■] eac" pime men 
pebpipusam hataB*'* heo bi6 cennefe" on pefcum Ian- 
bum ^ on jtpanjum ■ eac'* Jp p«eb f chypon'" cen- 
taiipuj* pnban pceolbe" Jiap pjpta ]>e pe tep cenraupiam 
maiopem*' ^ nG cenraupiam mmopem nembuD** Sanan** 
hf* eoc" Jione naman healbaS oentaupiap. 

pi6 neebpau phte jenim fyppe ylcan pypte bufc 
o86e hj" pjlpe jecnucube" syle bpincan on ealbum** 
pine hjt jrpemaS*" ppyHice. 

piiS eajena pape ;^enim J'yppe ylcan pypte peap 
pmjpa*" 5a eajan*' Jisep" mib hit jehselB )» jiynnypj-e** 
J)8epe»* jepih6e ■ jemBencj eac" hunij ]>8ept6 ■" hjs 

■ O. condeDses, fol. SB- 10 b. = ensli:, B. O. ' cuiimeftUe, B. 

' iieniie'6, O., ■ proDunciation, not ao error. * eoc, H. * hacciS, H.; 

MetX, B, ' O. iDserU feo lifer, ' illwi, V. • prase, B. 

'■ nnmel, B. " -h*l-, B. " die, H. '» yenar, B. " hcnr, U. B. 
» cic, H. '• h£cs«, B. ; hie«S, H. >' ccaneb, H. B. » rfe. B. 


Eabth gall, or Curmel sxxv. Ciloraptr/o- 

1. For liver disease, take the wort which the Graeks 
name centaurea maior, and the Engle churmell the 
greater, and wAicA also some men caU earth gall ; 
seethe it in wine, give to drink; wonderfully it 
strengtheneth ; and for sore of spleen do the same. 

2. For woonds and for cancer, take this same wort, 
pound it, lay it to the sore ; it alloweth not that the 
sore further wax. 

3. This same wort centaurea is very efficadous to 
heal new and wide wounds, so that the wounds soon 
come tc^«ther ; and so also dmilarly it has effect so 
that flesh shall cleave together if it be soaked in the 
water in which the wort is. 

Fever fuoe, or the leaser (hmnel. xixvi. EigOraa 

1. This wort, which is named centaurea minor, and Bot. 
by another name the lesser churmel, and which also 
some men call feverfiige, is produced on solid lands 
and on strong ones. Also it is said that Chiron the 
centaur should find (fownd) these worts which we 
before named centaurea maior, and now centaurea 
minor ; whence they also obtain the name centaureie. 

Figure of a make. MS. V., fol 28 d. 

2. For bite of snake, take dust of this same wort, 
or itself pounded ; administer this to the patient in old 
wine; it will produce much benefit. 

3. For sore of eyes, take this same worts juice ; 
smear the eyes therewith ; it heals the thinness of the 
sight {the vieakneea of the vision). Mingle also honey 

■ fcolb*, B. " H. omits four TrordB. " Drabon, 

■ hmoo, B.; t'snuo, H. " his, B- ° **■=. H. 

" secnocotw, B. " cetdbftn, H. " rpamsISi H. 

*' e»S0D, B. " Hp, B. " bymncfre. 'Jo* the Ldtiii 

" J*pe, B.) )>•)>», H. » eic, H. " t-t,p, B, 



fpemotS ' fya, uome-* pitoblice bimjeDbum ea3um to 
Vt ^ r*** beophimjf ajyf^i' ey, 

Jjjf hpa })oime on jjaj" pjiecnJjTc* bepealle jenini 
fyrr* ylc*™* Pyp'^^ jobne ^pan 8e<^ on pine o86e 
on ealoS j^a ^ Jisej* pinej" 85^ an ambaji" pill laec 
franban jipy* bajaj- • mm Jionne fejhpylce bse^e ^nne 
8ea]>p ay healpne j'elfceji menje' mib liumje* bjiince 
Sonne FsefCenbe. 

Pi6 j-ma rojunje"" jemm )iar ylcan" pypte peo6 on 
pottepe to ]>pibban bsale p^Ie bpincan fpa m;^cel fpa he 
]>onne maje" -j jieapp py he bi8 jehselet). 

Pi6 atepep onbjpjinjce jeoim fap ilcan" pypte 
cnuca on ecebe s^le bpincan pona hit ^ anroji ro- 
bpepfi'" eac'* J'sepe" pjlfan pjpte pypcjiuman" jemm 
Cyn peneja" jepihte ho on pine syle bjiincan ))jiy 

Pi6 ^ pyjimaj* Jmb napolan" bepjen*" bo eal fpa pe 
hep befopan cptebou. 

pi5 j-yna tojunje f yp bonne J5 6u jemme" Jiap 
ylcan pypte feo6 on psetepe to Cpibban bmle lieo tia 
pypmap lie apeopiS." 

Bete, xxxvii. 
I'eraonaca, pift ealie panba -j pi6 mebbpan flitap" jenim j'yppe** 

(,211^^ pj]"^« y^^P J^ man pepponaciam y ofipum naman 

' n'siM^I, H. • nunc, B, • aKJF'. ^' ' Wt n^^'^yTT't H.; 

n'Bcnenv, B, * ylcan, H, • embe|i,H. B, ' nuense, H. B. 

' hunise, B. * Ad uirigmBm, I«t., jawidiee. " ylcSi H. 

" axK^t, H, B. " lUcan, V. " cobp«r*. H. B. "eic,lL 

" ["iiiii, B, '* pyjitepnnum, H. B. " pKDcsa, H. B. " j-canctr, B. 
" uajelan, B. " bcpsean, B. " seol, V. B., •{isiiut Oie eon- 

xtraction. " ucapyppS, H. B. Perh^u V. msj have rt jected 

a Ictler to mike the iittenmce euy : it ma; tlien Btaml in tbe text. 
= lliwfl, li, ** lican, B. adds. 


APVLEU. 137 

thereto; it ben^te similarly dim eyes, bo that tlie Fevbb i 
brightness (of vision) is restored (to them). ' ^' 

4. If one then fall into this mischief, take a good 
handful of this same wort, seethe it in vine or in ale, 
so that of the wine there be an amhur or jug fiill; 
have it stand three days; take then every day when 
there may be occasion, a half flextai-ins, mix with 
honey ; then let him drink this fasting. 

■5. For spasm of sinews,' take this same wort, seethe 
in water to a third part ; admioister (to the patient) 
to drink as much as he then is able, and as may be 
needful ; be will be healed. 

6. For tasting of poison, take this same wort, pound 
it with vinegar, give to drink; it will soon drive off 
the poison. Take also roots of the same wort by 
weight of ten pennies, throw it into wine ; give to 
drink three draughts. 

7. In case that worms vex about the navel, do as 
wo before said. 

8. For tugging {spaem.) of sinews, it is Tieeds then 
that thou take this same wort, seethe it in water to 
a third part ; it will cast out the worms, ii 

Beet." xxxvii. -Be*", j 

1. Against all wounds, and against bites of snake, 
toko juice of this wort, which is called personaco, and 

' ■ The LaUu Las Ad auriginem, Jbr jaundice. The trans- 
lator was ignorant of that word, 

*> Tiax receipt does noL match the Latin text. The traus- 
Intor passed from "Ad aurigiaem" to "Ad lumbricos et 

« The drawings, MS. V., fol. 29 b, and MS. A., fol. 22 a, 
fumish the plant with a small globular tuber, and the leaves 
are beet leaves. In MS. Bodley, 130, also, Fersonata is 
glossed in the mai^in Bece, and the drawing ^ith the fructi- 
fication is Qutbful. 


MS. V. 
here much 


boere* nemne& ayle bjuncan on-ealbon* pine ealle 
niebjian flitaj- hjc pimbujilice* sehteleS.* 

JhB yepepaf jenim J>yiT6 ^Ican pyjite leap bejypb 
to Jtbid pepejtjenban" rona" hyr punboplice &one pepe)) 

Jhfi* caucop on pimbe pexe' jenim Jjaj* pypte pjll'" 
on pffiCepe be)>e ffa'^ punbe iSsepmib By&fian jenim )>a 
pj'pte ^ papan -j pnepu'* cnuca mib ec^ bo Jranne on 
claS ]e;e co Ceepe" punbe. 

Pi8 innoKep sape jenim Jijpre Jloan p^te peapep 
anne pcenc'* y hmujep cpejen pyle bpmcan" pepe- 

pi6 pebe^' bunbep plite ;«um ^ffye ilcan'^ Pyp^e 
pyprpuman'" cnuca nub jpeatan pealce leje co i^m 

pi6 nipe punba )>e jKine ptecaN jep;y7icea)>'* jenim 
"ateii"ut." J"^® ylcan pjpce pJpCcjiuman*' -j hae^iopnef I«iap 
ffi3)»pef epen mycel cnuca rosomne leje to 6am 

Scpeopbepian" pipe. XXXVIIL 

Deop yfjK 6e man ppaja -j oCpum naman fcjieap- 
bepjean" nemneB bi5 cenneb** on bibjlum** fcopum -j 
on cUenum -j eac*" on bunum. 

pi6 milran pape jenim J>ypre ^Ican pjpce peap ]>« 
pe ppajan nembon •] bum; syle bpmcan bjc ppemaft** 

Dyppe ylcan pjpte peap pi8 hunij jemenjceb** mib 

' bece, H.t bfee, B. '-4u,B. '-bop-,B. < s«b*K, U. 

' -bom, H. ' pn>> H- onlti. ' B]jise9. B. * B«ad piS f, 

Bgiinst V. H. B. 'peaie, B.; pe«M«, H. " pjl, H. ">«^,B. 

" rmqia, B. " ISBpe, B. " r^nc, B, " -cm, 0. " pobt, O. 

" ylca, H. " pypecpmutn, H. " pypeaS, B. " -me, O. 

1 «8n jranbt, 0. " 8ep«p b«ps«, H.; fbcabene, B., b; the Uter 

liand. ■ l>e)>S»n, B. " cwnnib, H. B. " bislnjti, H. B. 

" eic, H. " nttmalS, H. " panbiqiliec, H. B. ' ScmMBSceb, 
H.i -mBDEeb, B, 


by another name beet; give to drink in old wine; it 
wonderfuUj heals all bites of snake. 

2. Against fevrae, take a leaf of this same wort; 
gird it to the fevered patient ; uoon it will wonder- 
fully put to £ight the fever. 

3. In case that a cancer wax upon a wound, take 
this wort, boil it in water ; bathe the wound there- 
with; afterwards take the wort and soap and grease, 
pound them with vinegar, place them on a cloth, lay 
them to the wound. 

4. For sore of inwards, take a draught of the juice 
of this same wort, and of honey two draughts; give 
(this to the sick) to drink &sting. 

5. For bite of mad dog, take a root of this same 
wort, pound with coarse aalt,* lay that to the wound. 

6. For new wounds which work up the wet or 
humour, take root of this same wort and hawthorns 
leaves, of either an equal quantity; pound them to- 
gether ; lay to the wounds. 


1. This wort, whidi is named &aga (fragaria), and 
by another name strawberry, is produced in secret^ 
places and in clean ones, and also on downs. 

2. For sore of milt (fipleen),^ take juice of this 
same wort, which we named fragaria, and honey ; give 
to drink ; it benefits wonderfully. 

3. Juice of this same wort, mingled with honey. 

* Latin, cum Bale marino. 

^ Named in V,, Scpeopbepian pife. Strawberry plant. 

<^ Latin, opacia, ikady, 

^ Latin, penis ; splenie was perhaps read. 



pipepe liiB fpemi^* mj-olum* jebjtuncen pi6 nyppjt* 
•j pi6 muoSef j-ajie. 

Mepfc mealupe. xxxix. 

Deoy pyjic Jw man hibij-cam -j oBjium Namaii mejij-c 
me^pe* nenmeS biS ceonel)* on puhcatn fcopum -j on 

PiS pocable jenim ]«]■' pyjite ^ pe hibijH»im nem- 
tx>n' cnnoa mib ealbum p^fle teje to Sam pape ]>y 
pp^bban baje heo hjr jehselS •* )>Jrfe pypce onfnnbel- 
nyp]-e man^a ealbpaf ^^pe&aK. 

Pi)> tejhp^lce jejabepuuja )re on )>ani liclioman' 
aceuneb'" beo8 jeuim )>ap ylcan p^pte aeo6 mib pylle 
cseppan" ^ mib linj^be -j nub melpe" leje ro Jwvm 
pape hit topepefi ealle p& jnCnyppa." 

Hm-edail. xi_ Equisetvm. 

pi6 J mon'* on pambe poppexen pj jenim J>ypre 

pypi:e peap )Te jpecap ippipum •j itali tequipeiom nem- 

na^** on jeppeTcum pme p^le bpincan cpejen pcen- 

ceap*" pel Jp jelypeb ^ hyr f ypel jelitele. 

' n-™'*, H. 

' micfr-. 

, B. 

- D ji-per. U. B. 

■ modDpe. B. 

• canDrt, IL B. 


' ncmbtiD, H. 


• -hwnon, B. 

>• aosnacb, B. 

" wprw. »■ 


" -°<rTe. B. 

"man, B. 

"-mS, B. 

■•iwm«r, B. 

■ The drawing, MS. V., fol. 29 d, ib no repreBentation of 
marsh mallow, nor of anj English kind of the Malva nor 
Allhaa of the botaniste. In MS. A. is a figure neither like 
mnreh mallow nor liko the Englieh drawing. But MS. T. 
draws tho wort kuotvn to tho medixral botanists, especially 


aJoDg with pepper, benefits much when drunk, for Strawbehht. 
oppressioii of the chest and sore of inwards. ■*'^ xiivm. 

MABSH mallow.* XXXIX. MAtaqmci- 

1. Thia wort, which is called hibiscus, and by another 
name marsh mallow, is produced in moist places, and 
in fields. 

2. For goat, take this wort, which we named hibis- 
cus, pound it with old lard, lay it to the eore ; by the 
third day it will heal it. Many authorities affirm the 
approved worth of this wort. 

3. For the several gatherings which are produced on 
the body, take this same wort, seethe it with cress'* 
from a spring, and with linseed, and with meal, lay it 
to the Bore; it removes all the stifihesses. 

1. In case that a man be overwaxen^ in wamb 
(belly), take juice of this wort, which the Greeks 
name Imtwpi;, and the Italiuis equisetum, in sweetened 
wine; give to drink two draughts. It is confidently 
believed that it will heal that ill. 

to Fuchaiaa, aa Malva eilvestrb pnmila, our dmtrf mallow, 
Malva rohtndifolia of Hooker, M. putilla of Sir J. E. Smith. 
*> Latin, cum foeno grsco, which is trigtmella, 
" The drawing in MS. V., fol. 30s, ib incorrect ; it has 8 
straight stem and rieing branches as in EguUetum Jiuviatile, 
Sot,, but is famished with secondary yerticillate bmnchlets 
aa in E. tUvatieum, and has no catkin. Tho drawing in 
HS.A., fol. 23 b, ia evidently the some tradition : butMSS. 
G. T. clearly intend Hippuris, with simple etem. 

" See the table of contents ; poppexen, however, cannot 
mean diarrhoic. See liii. 1, 



li^p hpa blob fpijw hiudoe jaume byj^e ylcau 
p^pCe I'eap {•eotte on irjuuipim pine batan Isuoe 
fepince )>oime pejTenbe pona hjt f blob jeppiiS.' 

tdodeaf. XLL 

Deop pyjic J>e man maiuss epjiatncte' ^ oCpam 
nunan bocleap nemneC b^S cenneb' as^ptep* on 
be^anom fropmn. 

pi8 bbebpan f ajie jenim J^Jn^ Pjp'^^ l*^ P* maluam 
epjiaticam nemboQ mib byjie pypC|imuan* anep pimbef 
jepihre j-eoB on psecejie )»eaj»le to healfan' btele y (Step 
psecepep yf pefcep pul o66e mape 1 ^ py binnan' 
)>piin bajum jepylleb Tpa pe sep cpsebon ro bealpin 
bsele fyle bpincan peefeenbum byc byne jebieleft.* 

PiS pma sape jeuiin f>ap ilcan pypte cnuca mib 
ealbun p^le hjc )»8epa' r>n* F^P ptmdopbce 5ebffile&.'" 

Pi6 pban pip" jenim ])aj- ^Ican pypCe peoS on ele 
•J f^SCan Jm by" jepoben" beebbe vojebejie jebSn" 
jenim'" Jwnue f>a leap cnuca on Snnm moptepe bo 
)>onne on anne'* cl^ leje ])tepto*' ppa f 6q byc ]>pua 
bajom ne unbinbe J>u f pfip jeberfc. 

pifi nipe punba jenun |»JjTre J^lcan pjpee pjpctjiu- 
man bsepn Co bnfte bo on )« punba." 

' restriiiget, MS. 17063. ' rjipuice, U. 'cbddc^, B 

'»Bhpa)i,B. 1 aslipip, H. ' vypcciiunuui, U. ■ Id H. tli 

corrector made to |>«Bpe hcaljan, very -wrongly. ' -non, fi 

' Beh«iHS, B. • hiE la|ia, B. » gthmK, H. B. " /ajie, B 

" his, B. " sn^""> B- " 5«Wd, B. '* V. u here fflocl 

in hides. " anne, H. B. ■■ Hp, B. " pnube, B, Plnnl ■ 


2. If one hreak up lilood mach, let him take jnice Hobbbtail. 
of this same wort ; let him seethe it in strong wine ^"' "'■ 
without smoke; let him drink it iben. fiiating; soon it 
stanches tibe blood. 

HO0IXBiF.» ILL ifalva tihei- 

1. This wort, which one uameUi m^va erratica, 
and by another name hock leaf, is prodnoed every- 
where in cultivated places. 

2. For sore of bladder, take this wort which we 
named malva erratica, with its root, by weight of one 
poond ; seethe in water thoroughly to the half part, 
and let there be of the water a sextarius (1^ pvit£) full 
or more, and let that be boiled within three days, as 
we before said, to a half part ; give it (to the patient) 
to drink lasting; it will heal him. 

3. For sore of sinews, take this same wort, pound 
it with old lard; it wonderfully healeth the sore of 
the sinews. ^ 

4. For sore of side, take this same wort, seethe it, 
and after ihou haat sodden them put up together; 
then take the leaves and pound them In a mortar ; 
then put them on a cloth ; lay thereto, that ie to the 
sore, so that &ou for three days unbind it not; thou 
shalt amend the sore. 

5. For new wounds, take a root of tbis same wort, 
bum it to dust; put it on the wounds. 

* The technical name is from the synonym in Apnlelus. 
The drawings in MS. Y. A. are more like Pyrola. MS. T. 
gives also leaves growing on long footatafts from the root, 
bat cordate. MS. G:. only has stems and correct leaves. 


J^aobe]* tQDje. XLII. 

Deof f^t ^ Jfiecar l>ujloffain ^ pomane liDjna 
biibnla nemnaS' ^ eac enjle' z\^TPyV^ 1 oSpum 
namao* liunbef van^e hati^* h«o bi6 cenneb^ on 
bejanum feopaiQ •] oa fanbijam lanbum.' 

Eij: bp^Icum men' j-y ytey ^bban bsejej- fepeji 
oNSe* JiBBf f:eo]ttSaa senim Jjonne' pypctpuman '" ^vfye 
pypce Sonne" heo basbbe y\\f bojaj- " Bfe]- jtebcf j-eoS 
JKine" pypCCpnmim on peetepe syle bpmcan fu byne 

8eo ea«" iSe hrepfi J«ei* j-sebep jreopep bojaj- jrpenuJS" 
]«un jelice" Jw pe hep bepopan cpeebon. 

Donne'* fy opep pypc fyj-pe jehc j-eo bwpfi" snmc 
baBle" IfBppan leap" Sonne** boccoe*** Jwape** pjpw"* 
pypccpoma*" on pseCepe jeSyjeb*' piSpseS iceom ^ 

pit njppjt** jenim jap Jlcan pypce** ^ hunij 
^ hlap*" J>e py mib fmepupe" jebacen** }«im jclice ye 
Jm cI^Cmi pypce panbopbce bjc ^ pfip topht. 

Iilffibene.** XLiii. 

]7i8 ptpCep peocnyppe** jenim J>ap pjpte )« man 
bulbiscilhcici -J o&pum naman jifebene** nemneS -j 

> niotV. B. > «&c on misliT«, H. ' iwiiw, 0. 


»ow«M*,H.B. • 0. Mniu » line. 'Gifmui, 0. 

•otnter, H^ 

by ft <q>fi<T<> , ci*»T, 0. • >«ii«, a " -mt-, 0. 

" Hn«, 0. 

" -sef, 0. "J*iK, 0. » -nolfc, H.; -nefc, 0. 


"lT«ma«,H. " sdlce, B. "1*1,0. 

>' hueff, O. 

» bMm. B.i tHde, a « Ktf, B. - t«S, 0. 

» bocce, H. B. 

" «ftpe, B. i Htb, 0. ** jyra, 0. " -man, 0. 


*"nyppec,H.B. »t«»rylcapyit.O. »*hl.r,H. • 

•nwppe, H. B. 

"bacceD, 0. "Glabene, O. "-n^r*, H. 

» gl*t>w, O. 


Hounds tongxtb. stn, cvi<i9&*n<« 

qfflcitialt. Bot. 

1. This worb, which the Oreeks name ^ovykaiavw, 
and the Somane lingua bubula, and also the EDgle 
call glovewort, and by another name hounds tongue, 
is produced in cultivated places, and in sandy lands. 

2. If any man hare a tertian fever, or a qnartan, 
take the root of this wort, when it has three shoots 
to seed; seethe the root in water; give (it) him to 
drink ; th-ju shal] care him. 

3. The wort also which has four aeed stalks, bene- 
fits like that which we have before mentioned, 

4. Besides, there lb another wort like this, which 
hath in some degree a less leaf than the dock. A 
root of that wort swallowed in water, is an antidote 
against iro^ and smJces. 

5. Against oppression of the chest,* take this same 
wort and honey, and a loaf which has been baked 
with lard, in the manner in which thou wouldst 
make a poultice ; wonderfully doth it disperse the 

Gladden,*' /fflisek. XLiir. Semamtri- 

1. For water sickness (dropsy), take tbi^ wort, 
which is named ^X/Si; vKikX^^ixif, ajid by another 

■ Latm, Ad enppurationea in corpcre. The old interpreter 
read snapirationee. 

" The traditional figure may be Scilla nutans, Bot., ct 
some otber, but the leaves are drawn too broad for the squills. 
In MS. Add. 17063, a flowerpot bas been made out of the 
bulb. Bit.0tt o-KiXXiiTiK^ IB in bo many words the bulb of 
the squill, and should not have been couAieed with gladden, 
glftdioluB. But this wort does duty for otbem. 



jefepyje' hy* j-ySBan' eal onbutan semm jxJime inue- 
peajibe* j-eofi on psetejie" Bonne" hyc peapm fj je- 
menjo' eac* jJiBjito* hunij -j Eeeb"' jfh pjif j-oencetq*" 
jcolle fpyBe hjia^" fceal j-eo" seocnJr** beou vs aeSjen 
)nq\h nuj^San. 

piB lijia fftpo 2^>um Jiay ylcan p^Ce" fpa pe fep 
cpffiban" innepeaj^e" pyll" on ele jTaJpa" ^ pfip Bsep** 
mib Bona hft ppematt." 

piB jja"" able )»e xpecap papomchiaf nenmiUS jenun 
J'Jrr* ylcan pypte pyptxpuman cnnca mib eoebe "j 
mib hlape leje to )>am pape** punboplice hyt hy" 

pi6 ^ man ne nue^e pseCeppeocep maimef Jnipfc 
jecelan jenim |>yppe pylpan** yfpw leap lege oi^p 
Jia ruujaQ pona heo )>oiiLe*' Jnipfi; popb;yt. 

Umbilicum. xum. 

Deop py'pB Be jpecap cocUehon •] pomane umbilicaui 
neaepif nenm^ b^B cenneb" on hpopum -j on 

"PiB ppylap jenim (lap pypw ^ Tpinen finepn pipum 
fpa Beah nnjefylt sejjipep jelice nucel be pihce" 

' his, B. O. ' ti^SVan, O. ' -p«be, O. 

* pace, O. ' V. omlu fi*e vord*. ' suQ'i'Sc, B. H. 

• efa, H. • J«p, B. O. "• ecobe, 0. " fWiccar, B.; 
-wP, 0, " piilSt, H. B. O. " >«, 0: " M6ciier, H, 
"hipyrt, O, "cpwbon, H. " pabe, 0. " pyljH.; pd, 0. 
» smjjw, H. •• hip, B. O, " n™n»«. H. » K, B. If 
■o, able is for Bblam. " fore, 0. " luE, B. ; O. omlu. 
" jlcin, H. i 0. omitB. •■ |>uie, O, " cmneb, H. B. » Ad 
ttniniBi diBcatiendai. Herba cotjledoD piuta cum oniugfa orilla 
[nulla alii] feminiB sloe sale leqnis ponderibaa calida imponabtr 
■IramM diicatfi But the ed. of IS38 reads ibminibiu, k> that the aeoae 
would be ICM dirturbed. "jpihce, H. 


APVLHI. 147 

name gladden, and next dry* it all about; then take Oljiddek. 
the in-ward part, seethe it in water, -when it be warm ; b ■*"■ *''''■ 
mix also thereto honey and vinegar ; administer three 
cups full; very quickly shall the sickness be drawn 
out by urine. 

2. For disease of joints,'' take this same wort as we 
before said, the inner part ; boil it in oil ; smear the 
Bare therewith ; soon it benefits. 

3. For the disorder the Greeks name woi^wnyiat, 
angnaUe, take root of this same wort, pound with 
■vinegar and with a loaf, lay it to the sore ; wonder- 
fully it healeth the same. 

4. In case that the thirst of a dropsical man may 
not be assuaged, take a leaf of this same wort, lay 
it under the tongue, soou it abateth the thirst. 

WaU permy wort, {Our) Ladya navelA XLiv. Co^edon 

1. This wort, which the Greeks name xoruKfiicBV, and Boi. 
the Romans umbilicus reneris, is produced on roofs 
and on barrows. 

2. Against BWellings,^ take this wort and swine lard, 
yet without salt, of either conatitueTii alike much by 

» The interpreter translatea torretur etymologically. 

^ Latin, madidum ; iliis is tepidum. 

< Latin, Ad pemionee, that is kibet, heettorei, from the old 
Rense of Perna=nT^^vE*, a heel, 

•< The fi|;ur« in Y. repreaenta " Cotyledon umbilieiis, stem 
and flowers alone ; the leaves rarely coexist with them." (H.) 
Ilie drawing in MS. Bodley, 130, is monstrous { in MS. A. 
valaelesE; ia US. G. it gives vr convolvulus arvennt i iaMS. 
T. the cymbal-shaped leaves of Cot. umi. are given, the stem 
has been roaghened, and gL peny gres. So " Vmbilicus Vene- 
ris, peoiwort," MS. Sloan^ 5. So Florio, Cotgrave, etc. etc. 

* In the word ptfum, the interpreter decidedly followed his 
Latin copy, which read " cnm aesnngia ovilla feminia sine 
sale equis ponderibus calida imponatur," as does MS. A. But 
the ed. of 1528 reads feminibas, on ike thighi. 

K 2 



cnuca coromne leje Co Jjain fpylum hyt hy' topepeft- 
^f pyjtte ^n fcealr niman on pintejicibe. 

AtcoiilaCe." XLV. 

Deof pyjic }>e m&n jalli cpa( -j oBpnm nainan arcop- 
laKe ii«mne6 bi6 cenneb' on fsefcum fropura -j pi6 

J>i[> Lunber j-lite jenim J'afpj'pte cnuca mib hpyi-lc* 
^ mib heop&bacennm' hlape leje co iSam Uice fona liyu. 
b)6 jebseleb- eac" J>yy Bjlfe pP*™^' P*^ heapb ;erpell 
■j hie eal ropepeS. 

JSapehune." XLVT. 

pi6 jepopu" "J pi6 j5 man hepelice hjuece jenim iSap 
p j^Ce 6e , specap ppappion ■j pomane mapubium nemnaS 
■j eac anjle'" hapehune hata^" peo6 on pffiirepe syle 
bpincan ^am pe hepelice hpeeoen heo hine'* jehseleS 

pi6 majan sape jenim f^ppe ylcan pjpee peap pjle 
bpmcaji hyc |:«p majan pfip ppam abe6> •] jip him 
pepep bepije- pyle him )»ap ylcan pjpce pel bpincan on 
psecepe heo hyne ahpsepS." 

pitj pen; pypniap aburan'* napolan" jenim ]>ap 
;y'lcan pj^ite mapnbium -j pepmob -j eiebvpan etJpa 
J»yppa pjpta jehce pela be ;epifate peoS on jeppecton 
pfeCepe ^ mib pine cpie" o86e ]>pipa leje to Jfam 
napolan" hit cpelS jja pypmap. 

' biS, B-i T. iibere gone to piec«. 'acNriofie, B.,l)y the xii. century 
hand. • c»nne*), H. B. ' pyjle H. B. • -nan, H. • eic, H. 

' inpamilS, H. * hothnne, B., hj the later huid. * Ad ttudin graTem. 
'* tic OD an^brc, 11. " hline hicalS, H. " la ^hi graciter tugnant. 

The hme itt singular U negligence, O. has mauled this paragraph. 
"a|iepS, II. B. "-con, B. " aearelan, H, ; narrlau, B. 

" ri'iR'H. H.; rnj'O, B. " nafftan, B. 


weight, pouod together, lay to the swellings, it removes Cottlbdoh 
them. This wort thou shait take (up) at winter-tide. Xt^X'' 


1, This wort, which is named galli crua, and hy * ^^ 
another name attorlothe, is produced in solid places, 

and gainst ways. 

2. For bite of dog, take this wort, pound it with 
grease, and with a hearth baked loa^ lay to the wound, 
soon it will be hetded ; also this same is of benefit 
for a hard swelling, and removes it aU, 


vulgart. BoL 

1. For colds in the head, and in case a man hreaks 
heavily (makes great tfforta to clear hia throat of 
phlegm), take this wort, which the Greeks name srpao-iov, 
and the Romans mArrubium, and also the English call it 
horehound, seethe it in water, give to drink to them 
that break heavily ; it will heal them wonderfully. 

2. For sore of maw (atomaok), take juice of this 
same wort^ give (the sufferer) to drink ; it doth away 
the sore of the maw ; and if fever ver him, give Mm 
this same wort in water to drink freely, it will raise 
him up. 

3. For tape worms about the navel, take this same 
wort marrubinm, and wormwood, and lupins, of all 
these worta alike much by weight, seethe in sweetened 
water and with wine, twice or thrice, lay to the navel ; 
it killeth the worms. 

* A tniBtake has occurred in MS. V. intbe placing of the 
figure, which seema intended for Ceteracb. Horehound is 
truly drawn as Praasion in MS, BoHley, 130: glossed hore- 
hounde in hand of xii. century. In MS. A^ fob 25 b, the 
flgure has the flowcra terminal, which ought to be axillary. 
The drawings in MSS. T. G. are monstrous. 



Pi8 hpa, fajte* ■] pi6 je^nS jemm ))rj' ylcan yyji'ce 
beejin to abfan* bo to )«m fajie pona hit ;ehs;16. 

J>i6 attjiej" iSijne xenim p^yye flcaa pypce poj- pyle 
on ealbum pine* bjuncan fona f aXKoji "coftepHS. 

Pi8 j-ceb* ■j pi6 tetep jeniin Jwij" ^Icaa pjpto feo6 
on peetepfl Cpeh" )K>ne licboman" ffsep' mib ^p' f 
f&H J" J* heo Ofjenun^ Jjone rcpup* -j Jione tetep. 

pi6 lunjen able jenim yaj yloon pypte peoO on 
hunije j-yle Jnjjean* he bi5 puubopUoe jehEeleb. 

piS ealle rcifinefpa )>8ef hchoman"' jenim ]>aj- ylcan 
P^pte* cnuca mib p^fle leje to ])ani pape heo hcelS 

Foxeapot. XLVii. 

JJiB uncufte pppmjap J>e on hchoman"* acennebe" beoS 
^enim Jiyppe pypte pypttpuman Jie man xipon ^ 
o^5pum naman foxefjrot nemueB Jipeopa yntpena ;e- 
pihte -j pnebman pix yntpena jepihte- ecebep tpejen'* 
pceneeap" -j foxey fmeopupep'* Speopa yntpena" je- 
pihte cuuca topomne on pine ■ bee" })onne anne" 
claiS Jisep'* op leje to ■35am pape )m punbpafc jjsepe 

PrS heapob bpyce" jenun Jjap ylcan pypte npepe)»be*' 
jebpyje by ■] taiuca'' jenim )>onne be jepihte open 
mycel pinep menj*' tSpomne leje to Jiam pape hyt 
^onne Jia popbjioeenan \jSu fit atyh-iS • eac" jip hptet 
on Jjam hchoman*" bepjenbe byiS hyt pel pi? f 

I M amdSomata, I*Jin. ' bnlfce, H.i »r«i, B. ' V. mnitt 

three wonb. • foeb, IL B, • |>pe^, B, '-banuu.B.; -ma, O. 

' )iajt< B., twice. * r=ui>f, H, B. O. Both fbrma are still carrent 

• >iKKcaDi n.; IncSBti, B. '" -haman, B., twice. " aw«iiiiri>e, H. B. 
" Cjwsean. V. " pj«iicar, B. " jroeiTT, B. " Jncri, H., 



4. For Bore of joints aud for iafiatioD, take this same HoBEHoonD 
wort, bum it to ashes, fl^ply it .to the sore, soon it ^''' 

5. For swallowing of poison, take ooze of this same 
wort, give (to tlie sufferer) to drink in old wine, soon 
the poison passes off. 

6. Against scab and against tetter, take this same 
wort, seetlie it in water, wash the body therowitJi, 
where the sore may be ; it removes the scurf and the 

7. For limgs disease, take this same wort, seathe it 
in honey, give it to swallow; he will be wonderfully 

8. For all stifFhesses of the body, take the same wort, 
pound it with lard, lay it to the sore ; it heaJeth 


the body, take a root of this wort, which is named 
£/^iov, and by another name foxes foot, by weight of 
three ounces, and of smede or Jine flour, by weight 
of six ounces, two draughts of vinegar, and of foxes 
grease by weight of three ounces, pound together in 
wine, cover then a cloth therewith, lay to the sore, 
thou wilt wonder at the cure. 

2. For head breach (o broken head), take the upper 
part of this same wort, dry it and pound it; take 
then by weight as much of wine, mingle together, lay 
to the aore, it then draweth out the broken bones; 
also if somewhat on the body be annoying, it is well 

confinning the arf^iiiiieiit tn St. Marh., p. S7. §30. '■bo, H. 

" MDoe, B, "J-ftp, B. '■>ape IScnonEe, B.; lllcnnsse, H. 

" bpece, H. " pespbe, H. B. " jebpisebe i cimca bj, H, i 

Sebpiss" 1"E> B. " maii^, H. B. " rfc, H. " -tiunra, B. 



ppemaiS •' olSBe 513: hpa* mib hij- pel; op fcepiS* sStxpi; 
baDfnacau' oiS^ neebfajian ^Seoj" pylpe pyjic if n>y|>e 
fceapp* UTimiil piiS JJtKC actop, 

pserep pypc XLViir. 

Irj'p fpylap pEenmiun bepijen' semm Baj" pypte pe 
man caLhTrpicum ' -j oiSpum naman jfsetep p^pc aemneS 
cnuca hj* fyni^pije leje ro )»am j-ape heo hyc 1ubI6. 

Elf mannei" pex* peoJle jenim J>ap ylcan pypte 
canca on ele rmypa'" bonne jJ pex" ]?iejmiib** hyc 
pona biB F«fc. 

Bynjpene. xux. 

Deop p^pc pe man temolam -j oSpum naman pin- 
jpene nenmefi Jieep pe omepuf j-jejS Jp pJpTa" 
beophcufc'* -j f mepcupiup hy pinban pceolbe •'* Syppe 
pypCe pSs •, Jf ppj6e ppempul -j Hype pypcrpuma yp 
pynepealt; 'j ppeajic eac on 6tepe '" mycele jre leacef. 

JhC cpi)»ia pape jenim J>ap pyptre cnuca -j leje 
fajpCo" heo jelifiejalS f pSp. 

SijelpeSppa. u 

'*Deop pypc (w jpecaf hehotpophuf -j pomane uep- 
ramnum nemnaB ■ -j eac anjle •'• fijel bpeoppa hata6 •*" 
biilS cenneb" jehptEp** oa bejanum ftopum -j on clienum 
■j eSc on msebum. 

Beop pjpt bsepS mib hjpe eume punbophce jobcnnb- 
neppe** ■p ip j^onne f hype blopnan hy'*JBpt:ep Itejie** 
sunuan pyne** penbaft" spa f J>a bloptman Jionne peo 

' niamaS, H. ' hjifi, B. ' irnpH, B.; kitpIS, B. ' ban, B. 
* cnpc, B., tart. ' bepttn, H.; bepisan, B, ' giillicpmilD, V. 

"h!, U. 'i-rtx, B. "ftnfpa, B. " jeait, B, " |>tp, B. 

>' pyjitc, H. n -colt, H. " roolbe, 11. B. '• Sajie, B. " >■)., B. 

" V. in here but little legible. " edo on amjlipj, U, ** baceV, H. 

" cKoneb, II. B. " sebraji, B, " -i>7bi«. H. " big, B. 
-' haiic, B. » bjiyne, B. " penbaS, B. 


serriceflrble against that ; or if any one with his foot Koxus rwi. 
steppeih on a polaonoua deadly snake, or on an adder, 
this same wort is very efficacious against the poison. 

WaTBE WOBT, XLVm. CaOHricht 

vcma. But. 

1. If Bwellings amtoy maids, take this wort, which is 
called xaXAiTpi;(of, and by another name water wort, 
pomid it apast, lay it to the sore ; it healeth it 

2. If s mans hair &11 off, take this same wort, 
poand it in oil, smear then the hair therewith, it soon 
beoometh fast. 

SiNQBEEN, or Soitaeleek* XLIX. Strnptrvimmi 

1. This wort, which is called /wXu, and by another "^ 
name ungreen, of which Homeros saith it is of worts 
the brightest, and that Mercuriiu should find (/ouikT) 
it, ooze of this wort is very beneficial, and its root 

is round and swart, also of the size as of a leek.^ 

2. For sore of matrix, take this wort, pound it and 
lay it thereto ; it alleviates the sore. 

SOLWHEEF. L. ^^i.ifc, 

1. This wort, which the Greeks named ^Kiorponov, ''»"«''»"■ Boi. 
ijfj^pvwos, and the Romans vertamnus, and also the 
English call it solwherf, is produced everywhere in 
cultivated places, and on clean ones, and in meadows. 
This wort hath with it some wonderful divine 
qualities, that is, that its blossoms turn themselves ac- 
cording to the course of the sun, so that the blossoms 

■ The drawing in MS. V.jfol. 32 c, representB in a way tliia 
wort, but the flowering stem and flower are given as verj 
slender, and solitary, bo that one thinks of *' Pinguicula 
vulgaris." (H.) In MS. Bodley, 130, under moly, a wort 
resembling houseleek ie drawn. MS. A., fol. 26b, is like 
MS. v.; the flowers look like arbute berries. 

*■ The root of eingreen is not a bulb : a garlic, allium 
moly, was in tho mind of Apulcius. 


pmne jeryhtt hy' rJ^f^ bedjf^ - ^ efC ))oime heo 
upjaBseS hj' rt'F*' seopeniaJS.' *j eobjueb^ *] heo 
jrjiems^ •* Co Jnffum Uooebomnm jra pe hep piti »ftaii 
spj)iten habhaS. 

Pi8 ealle attjiu jenim )>&]■ j-^Ipan pypce canca to 
fpifte" finalon" birfce oWe hjpe pof' syle bpincan on 
jobum pine punbophce heo f ftWroji CofepeSL 

Pi^ plepj-aa^ ;enmi S^fpe ylcan pypte leap cnuca. 
•J leje CO 6am j^pe hyc Js" jetypel) f heo fce^phce 

Meebepe. LI. 

Deof p^pC )>e man jp^ar ^ oSpnm najnaa mes- 
bepe nemnetS b^6 ceiiiLeb'° pypmuj^" in lucama heo 
hpBfft hpicer mapman" bleoh ■j heobiB jejrpsecepub " 
mib peopep peabum fCtelum." 

pits Imn eoe • -J pi6 ban bpj'ce ;^iim J>a|" Jlcan ffjiXe 
cnuca hy'* leje Co Jam bone ]>y' ]>jubban baeje bun bi8 
Bel fpylce J«ep'" clJJ>a cojelseb paspe." 

6ac'* t'yiT^ PfP^® pypiJcpuma ppema'S'* pi6 ielc fSp 
fe J»am Iichoman bepeS** f yj" (Sonne ^ man Jnine 
pyptcpuman cnucije" ^ Co 6am j^e jelecje ■ eal f 
j-ap he jehfel^. 

RJmele.** UL 
£)eop P^pC ^ man poliCpicum 'j oCpnm naman 
bymele nemneC by}) cenneb" on ealbnm huj* Ibebum -j 
eac" on fubCnm fcopam. 

' his, B.. twite. ' V. ia here illegible. ' -nati, B.; -mK, H. 

'niaiM«,H. *rpi«an,n. "jTniliii.B. 'j*r.B- 

" Ad Inxnm, looamea, ' hji, V. '• OHineb, H. B. 

" -mclb, H. B. " maimuin, H. hu altored by the wine hMid to 

mtpbpBD, being > later utterance thui the penman found in the lexL 
• sejp»cpob, B. " jveXi, B. " his, B. " >ap, B. " t«^£b 

jnepe, B. " Gic, B. " -cpmuan nM^""'''^' B' " ''T'l^ B. 



when the bhq ia setting close tiiemselTes, and again Solwbru. 
Then he upgoeth they open and spread themselves; ■*'^ 
and it is beneficial for the leeohdoms which we here 
have after written. 

2. For all poisons, take this same wort, pound it to 
very small dost, or its ooze, administer {this) to drink 
in good wine; it wonderfolly removes the poison. 

3. For flus, take leaves of this same wort, pound 
ULd lay them to the sore; it is believed that it 
healeth sharply (ejgicaciouBly). 

MADDEB.* LI. R«6iati^. 

1. This wort, which is named grias, is produced ""''"■ 
first in Lucania; it hafl the complexioa of white 
marble, and it is ornamented with four red stalks. 

2. For 1^ ache*) and for leg breach, take this same 
wort, pound it, lay it to the leg ; on the third day 
comfort will be for him, as if a poultice were laid 

S. Also a root of this wort is beneficial for each 
sore which troubles the body, that is, when a man 
pounds the root and lays it to the sore, it healeth all 
the sore. 

HOPTBEFOILO Lli. r.,>«^ 

1. This wort, which is named roXvrpixoy, and by^""*™' 
another name hymele, is produced in old house-steads 
Ctofta) and also in damp places. 

* For mudder, MSS. V. G. T. A. draw a great rhizome, 
as of AconiB or Irie, with lanceolate leaves growing out 
at intervalB ; yet varied by the fantaey of the artists. MS. 
Bodley, 130, is different. 

'' Latin, Ad sciftticos eanaadoB. 

•= By aid of the figure in MS. G., fol. 17 b, which has trefoil 
leAves, the interpretation of MS, V., h^ele, is rendered con- 
Biatent with onr English tradition of names. 



pilS mnofiej' j-ajie* jemm J'yrr^ pyp^® 1**F l*^ P® 
polirjticum nemlion' hype cpiju' beofi fpylce ijnncn 
byjifc • cnucB Sonne ]>a lea^ ^ mjon pipe[i cojtn *] coli- 
anbjtan ]-Geber nijon cojin* eall to j-omne. syle bpincan 
on jobum' pine -j pyy \f Conue he janje Co bnSe • 
eac' J>eof Jlce pjpt jebeji ^ fBj))e|i je pepa je pifa' 
j:eax* pexej>." 

PubufapOfe."" Lilt 

Jh5 ^ man on pombe" poppexen" sy jemm J-yj-fe 
p^pte pypttpumaa 6e jpecaj* malochin ajpa *j poniane 
aicola (lejia nemm^ • 'j eac senile'* pubupope hacaS 
cnnca mib pine pyle bpmcan fooa ]'U onjirlt j'^rr^F 

Pi8 inno5ep plep^an jennn Jiyrre pyp'^^ Y^ \^ P® 
afmla pejia nembun" jemencjeb'* niib ftnjnim eeehe 
j'yie bpincan hyt jeppiS Jione innoC 

Popij." LIV. 

PiB eajena fSjie f ;f J" f pe cpeiSaiS Copnije" jeniin 
)»Jf]-e pypte pos ^ 5^eeaf moecopiaj" ^ jioroane 
papauep album nemnaK ^ enjle'" bpii; popi; hatafi** 
o66e Jtone firelan mib J^am ptefcme leje ro )»m ea^an. 

pi8 Jmnponja*' j^pe o66e Jwep heapbep senim Jjypfe 
I'yipan p^pCe pOB cnuca mib ccobe leje opep (wne 
anbphcan** hjr jeliJ^ejaB ).ter aap. 

■ ripe, B. ' Dcmbiui, H. * cj'isa, U. < eobancotian, V.; 

II. omitt two TOrdi, ' s6bu, B. ' eic, H. ' pifa, B. 

' 1*1, H. ' pe«iel!i, B., but the coojonctiTe i« required. " jrabe- 

roae, B., by later htnd. " punbe, H. B. " pcaxcn, B. 

"e*c on nnsliroi H.; engle, B. "n>i«i-i H.; -nen*. B. 

■* -bon, B. " Kemmsceb, H. " hf le popi, B., hj later hand. 

" cojinese. H. " nemncS i on Mo^brc, H. " hautS, B. 

-' t-an, B. ^ rlsMD, H. D. 


AFTLKn. 157 

2. For sore of inwards, take leaves of this wort. Hop tbefoh 
wliicli we named "TrokuTfiixov, its twigs are aa swine *"■ '"■ 
bristles ; pound then the leaves and nine pepper corns 
and nine grains of coriander seed all together ; give to 
drink in good wine, and let this be when he goes to 
the bath. Also this wort is efficacious to make either 
mens or womens hair grow. 

WOODROFPE. Lin. AtpioJehif 

- T 1 -.111 Jamons. Hr 

1. In case a man be overgrown in the wamb,* take 

roots of this wort, which the Greeks name I'.ttXix'i 
iiyfict, and the Romans hastula r^a, and also the 
Engle call woodroffe, pound with wine, give to drink ; 
soon thou shalt understand the advantage of this. 

2. For flux of inwards, take seed of this wort, which 
we named haatula regia, mixed with strong vinegar, 
administer {thi^ to be drunk ; it bindeth the inwarda 

PoPPY> LTV. PapavtT im. 

1. For sore of eyes, that is what we denominate "'"^ 
blearedness, take the ooze of this wort, which the 
Greeks name ^L^xmoa, and the Romans papaver album, 
and the Engle call white poppy, or the stalk, with 
the fruit, lay it to the eyes. 

2. For sore of temples or of the head, take ooze of 
this same wort, pound<= with vinegar, lay upon the 
forehead; it alleviates the sore. 

■ See art. xxziii. In the table of contents truly translated 
after the Latin ; but p>ppezea can be only loronglt/ groton, 
not troubled with diarrhoea. Similarly n. 4, xl. 1., lxix. 1. 

^ Poppy would not be recognized either in MS. Y., fol. 33 c, 
or in the dissimilar figure, MS. A., fol. 28 b. In MS. T., gl. 
" cheabol album," but not like either a garlic or a poppy. 

' The. notion of pounding an infusion with vinegar is due to 
our old interpreter. 


piB j-lepleafte ' jenjm J>Jrr* ylwm pjp** J'Of 
fmj-jie* Jrone man mib fona Jra him J>one flep' 

Dyp hpa* jemijan" ne masje jenim J'^rpe PJpW' 
pj'jircjiumaa^ ]>e* man oeuancej* -j oSjium namau 
nemneiS t^ buSce jecnucufae'" j"Jle bjiincan on |J&ie 
rpejean" penceaj-'* pulle hjr ppemaB" healice. 

Ij;^f hpa rpjjw hjiBece" jenime j^yrfe ylcau pjpte'* 
p^jicrjiumim {ncje ^m jemeCe )>e pe nu bSji befopaa" 
cptelran" hjc jekfiijafi Jjone'* hpacan.'? 

IMr pjne.** LVL 

pits )>a punba ^ on ptaa men*' be<^ aoenneb** 
jenim ^yXfe py7>Ce pjpctpuman'* fte man napciiyum** 
■j o'Spum naman'' halj-pypc nemne^ mib ele -j mib 
meliipe jecnucubne** Jiam jelice ^e )m to" cli))an 
pypce leje to )«epe** punbe hyt hrol^! pmibopboe." 

Bpuae pypV> LV^ 

pi* miltan ppe ^emm Ji^pe pjpte p^ttpuman J>e 
jpecaj* ]*plemon *] pomaue teucpion*** nemna^ ^ eac 
enjle" bpune pj^it bata^ cnuca to fpi'JSe ImaJan tnUte 

■ lUp-, B. * ftnepa, B. ■ Ump, B. • oitpnfe, H. B. 

' nun, O. • s«, B. 0. omit ' pyie, 0. • fjizome, O. *H,0. 
O. ilun Uie lext m Uttle. "seoDooobc, B.| enoeft to b., H. 

"cpcEeo, H. B. "jaan^Tf B. O. "-m«K, 0.; rpanuC, H. 

" juBce, B. '• pyre, 0. " -ren, O. " -bon, B. 0. " time, 0. 
I* hpacan, B. ■See czxvu. HeALSfYET, H. " on H mans, O., 

fol. 15 — 57. " iCBBtineti, H. B. "-me f, O. ** napcir", V. B. 

» luuiia, O. ** sccancnb, H. " co, B. omlu. " Hpc, B- 0. 

" -bep-, 0, • uMio, 0. " tic on vnsbre, H. 


8. For BteepleBsneaa, take ooze of this same wort, ^^^ 
smear the man with it ; and eoon thou sendest the 
sleep on hint- 

Dropwort.'' LV. ffl«a«tA* 


1. If one may not paas water, take roots of lioBfoiia. 
wort, which is named oiyavh), and by another name, ' P'"'9' >• 

pounded to dust, administer in wine, two cups 
fiill ; it is of high benefit. 

2. If one break much, let him take roots of this 
same wort, let him swallow them in the manner 
which we now here before quoth ; it allays the 


HAtSWOBT.b LVL ProftoS^ Cam- 

Knula trache- 
take roots of this wort, which one nameth vipxunras, 
and by another name halswort, pounded with oil and 
with meal, as if thou wert working it to a poultice ; 
lay to the wound ; it healeth wonderfully, 

BEOWNWOET. tVIL Ctteraek offi- 

1. For disease of spleen, take roots of this same 
wort, which the Greeks name otrvA^vioy, and the 
Bomans teacrimn, and also the Engle call brownwwt ; 

• Drawn in MS. Y., fol. 33 d, as a naked stalk, with oppo- 
site branches furnished with toite of leaves, and bo in the 
Latin MS. A., fol. 29 a, and in MS. a. ; in MS. Bodley, 130, 
as a trailing plant with compound leaveB on pedanclea and 
spiked flowers ; in MS. T., ae bryony, and gl. " Vitia nigra." 
None of these have any resemblance to the dropworts. 

'' Falsely interpret«d, perhaps ; see the glossary. In MS. 
Bodley, 130, at this place, narcisHUB is glossed "Ougen 
laonge. L hundestnnga." 



3yle bpincan on li)>um pine healic' )nnjc pa ])8afi* mib 
onjitlb eoc' yj* web f heo \>uy pinben* jwepe • f ip 
^nne ^ hyc jelamp hpilon ^ man ]>eajinia]' mit> }«epe' 
milcan appau Jjaf py]ite jefoeapp ]» j-ona jecljjrabe' 
]-eo milce Co J'yj'p py^^c ^ li^ hpseblice )« milcan 
Fopnam j:op iSy Leo eac ' ppam pimiun numnnm * 
fplenion secijeb yr f JT on npe jeBeobe mih% 
nemneb pop [lam* Jwe]" Jjc man jf^ *'" ^a j^n" )ie 
hype pypTxpuman '* eta^S ^ hy beon butan" milcen'* 

8ume eac peojeaS" f heo frelan mib tpijnm" 
hyaopan ^elicne" h«ebbe "j leap"* beanum jehce fanon*" 
by^^ j'ome men ^m pylpum naman nemnaS byfopan • 
]« pyjite man mme^S • ]Kmne heo bleji" ypi^Suft" heo 
y]* jehepeb** ou |wm munclaubam Jfe man cibcia ^ 
pipibiA uemne'^. 

Deoj* pyp'c ]>e man polion ^ o^pum naman 
nemne'8 bilS cenneb** on unrmejmm*' fcopum. 

piB mono^" peoce jenim Jiyffe pypte j-eap J»e pe 
pohon nembuD jemenjo** piB eceb rmypa"" {'cep** m'b 
)>a 'Se ^ ypel )ioIijen topopan ]>am )>e hyr hym to pyile 
^ Jwh" ]>u hype leap -j hype piytejraman b6 on" 
Sime** ehenne cla* ^ 5«ppi^ onboCMi** Jwp mannef 

' -lice, 0. 

' t-ap. B. 

• MC H. ' -be, 0. * J«)»f, B. 

•-rob*. H. 

'die. H. 

• mtannm, H. omltB. • tma, B. 

■•m;«. B. 


n, B. "-epMui, a, dropping ». 

" buron, B. 

" milun, B. 

'■ semew, H. "eic rmsmS, H.; 

l^cBaS, B. 

" tpigan. 

H. <• selicoe, B. "l^B. 

» t^DOD. B. 

" hw. B. 

"WepS, B. »-«olt, B. "-poh,B. 

»c»oneb, B. 


iimo«, v., but mono*, V. in index, and H. B. " senwDC. B.; 

ScnuenSc H. 

-nnype, H.; ftnepa, B. » >.|>. B. 

" K^sh. If, 

"on, ir. 

^'aun.., II. D. "thoTM. H,; on- 

Luwu, B. 


IPTLEn. 161 

ponni] it to small dust ; give it to driok in lithe {aofC^ 

wine, therewith thou wilt observe a remarkable thing. ""*■ '"" 

Also it is said, that the wort waa thus found, that is, 

it whiiome happened that a man scraped intestines 

with the spleen upon this wort, then soon the spleen 

clave to this wort, and it quickly consumed the 

spleen, for which reason it is also designated as 

spleniam by some men, which {spleen) in our langua^ 

is caUed the milt. H^ice it is said of the swine, 

which eat its roots, that they are found to be without 


2. Some also say that it has a stalk with twigs 
like hyssop, and leaves like beans; hence some men 
name it by the same name hyssop. The wort must 
be collected when it is in full blossom. It 'ia of a 
fiuned sort in the mountain lands which are named 
Cilicia and Pisidia. 

» LVIU. Ttucriiam 

1. This wort which is called wixiw, and by another 
name , is produced in unsmooth places. 

2. For a lunatic, take juice of this wort which we 
named poHon, mix with vin^ar, smear therewith them 
that suffer that evil, before it wijl to him {be/ore the 
acceas), and sbouldest thou put the leaves of it and 
the roots of it on a clean doth, and bind about 

* Jb MS. Bodley, 130, the drawing represents Flantago 
laDceoIata. See flirther on, art. cl. The drawing in MS. Y., 
fol. 34 b, might do for teucrium (H.), it ia pretty much like. 
MSS. A. G. have the some figure ae HS. Y. HS. T. gives 
composite discs terminal. 


Lneopholen. LIX. 

PiiS )M)iie b|topaQ -j pi's )>one majim* jenim rpejen 
jHwnoeaj*' faille po)-ep ^yj^e pypCe pe man uiccopiole •) 
o^pniD namaQ cneopholen nemnelS pyle bjimcaa |3&fCeii- 
bnm* PI'S ham; jema^eb*' jxuu hyt ISone b))opui 

Ixalluc. LX. 

Bet^ pypic Jie man conppmau ^ o'Spum namui 
jalluo nenmriS biB oeoneb' on mopum -j on pelbam -j 

PI'S pija f'^PP"^ jemm Jwip pjpte conppmam cnuca 
eo fpy)>e* pmalon' bu&e eyle bpincan on pine pona pe 
pleppa fBCfeonbe))."' 

Jjjp hpa innan tobopfcen" pj jenune" Jjyppe ylcan 
pyjire p^eepuman 5ebjiEebe" on hatan'* axan" yvsse 
]>onne on hamje psepcenbe he biiS jehsaleb •] eac hyc 
Jwne nutjan ealne apeopma^ 

PiS majan pajie jemiu Jiap ylcan pypCe -j jemenj" 
piiS bum; -j pi's eeeb Jju ouprfe mycele" pitempiil- 

H. ' imf mflsu T>P<> H. ■ rcancir, B. * psftcnbc, H. 

i>, H. B. • (WDDeb, B. ' eio, H.; Gao, B. ' nn>'»> H- 
* TDulan, B. ■* ^riob-, B. " cobpoceu, U. " Eeiuni. H. B. 

" sebpi6be, B. " hacan, H. omits, and fpoils his text bj UnntUn. 
" szcni, B. " senuBDEC, H, B. " mieole, B. " FPym-, H. 


Avntn. 16S 

the mans awere (neek), who eaSers tlie evil, it will Aii-lviii. 
give an eKperimental proof of that Bame thing (ife 

Knee hollt,» or Bvtchera broom, ux. s«Ktu 

For the wrist drop, and for the maw or b^ly, take 
two cups fidl of the ooze of this wort, which is named 
victoriola, and by another name knee holly ; admuuBter 
it {to the patient) to drink bating mixed with honey; 
Boon it diminishes the wrist drop. 

TaIiLTJC,*' or Comfrey. lx. 

1. ThJB wort, which is called oonfirma (eomfrey), and 
by another name yallnc, is prodnoed on moors and 
on fields, and also- on meadows. 

S. For wives (womene) flux, take this wort con- 
firma, pound it to very small dust, administer it in 
wine to drink; soon the flux stanoheth. 

3. If one be buisten witiiin, let him take rooU of 
this wort^ let him roast them in hot ashes, then 
swallow them in hon^ &sting, he will be healed; 
and it also pm^^es the whole stonuu^ 

4. For sore of maw {etomtich), take this some wort, 
and mingle with honey and vrith vin^ar; thou shalt 
perceive moch advaiita{[& 

■ MS. V^ fol. 34 c, draws leaves, some serrated, some cre- 
nate, blue with a roond red spot in the middle, root bulbed. 
HS. Add. 17063, fol. 30 a, similarly, but leaves green, entire, 
red apot has a yellow circle round it. MS. G. has tbe spots ; 
iheiy are the nectaries, and characteristic. 

» The drawing in MS. V, foL 34 d, has comirey leaves and 
no more. MB. A., fol. 30 b, has leaves not quite bo distinct, 
and the root has become bulbous. In MS. Bodley, 130, one of 
the mint tribe is drawn. 

L S 


iDeoB pyjir )>e man afeejuon 'j oSjium namaiL 
nemnelS byS cenneb* becpeoh jttmiuQ ^ on unlineJnuQ' 

Deoj- pyjit* j-cineS on nihte j-pilce fceojipa' on 
heofone' ^ fe ^' hy" nytente* jej-ih.'S he j-ae^"* ^ 
he fcmlac jfifeo ^ fpa ajrtejteb" he bi'S teeleb ):]uan 
hypbtim'^ -J fpasa fpylcom mannam rpylce" )ieepe pyjite" 
mihca" cuimun." 

PiB pylle j'eocnyj^e jenim ]>yjye pyjite bepjean" J»e 
pe afrejiion nembon j^le eean on pam jenbnm " 
monan'' "j sy ^ Conne*" Jisepe" jTuman** jiyne beo on 
Jiam caone )>e man thjijo nenmeS f biiS on Jiam 
mon'Se ]/e man aujultuj* haue^S^ -j hisbbe ^y jylpm 
pyjite on hij* rT^pan" ahanjene*" he biB sdacnub." 

JDapan hyje.*' LXii. 

^^m'&naw ^'^ nmot>ei- jrrefcnyjTe** jenim Caf pJnte |w man 
TVifihuM lepoinj* jvef -j o^pom naman hajian hije nemneS 
GewTii^ S^pyi^ ^y cniica )»onne to bnke sjle bpiacao on jnne 
baRum. jif he unpefepij By jyp he }>onne on pepepe sy jyle 

bjuncaa"" him on paerepe Bona j-eo pejva^ to 

Beof p;^t ]>e man biocamnom ^ oiSpmn naman 
nemnelS bJJ> oenneb" on iSam i^Ianbe** }» 

■ O. girei AuitnefortlicEiiglieh. *c*nDeb, B.B. '-Anyl!--, B. 

*pjj>M, B. ' (tent, 0. • henena, O. ' i >t, O. " hig, B, 

• -cDbe, O. '* r«S6, O. " he »bp«e«, H. '• h^pbu, B. 

" lyflcu, O., error. " t&pa pyj"^ ^-i '° 1^^ plural. " ne, O. 

inwrta. " -non, B. " bepSBn, B. " pansmbnln, H. 

" m6iuui, B, ** M^e, 0. " k»pe, fi. " Amr, O., otnittiiig 

article. "UeeU, B. " jr^pau, B.; rpeopntt B- "aliiiis-,B.i 

slxanse.' O. •• -nob, B. O. » byne, T., bnt higt bdoiri Itkc, tt 


1. TIus TOii, which is named arripiiiv, and "by another 
name , Ib produced between Btones and in 
unsmooth places. 

2. This wort shineth at night ae a star in heaven, 
and he who seeth it, not witting what it ia, he sup- 
poBes that he aeeth an apparition, and so afeard 
{as he ia), he is ridicnled by herdflmen and by such 
men as know the virtnea of the wort. 

3. For the ialling aickness, take berries of this 
wort, which we name asterion, administer it to be 
eaten when the moon is on the wane, and let that be 
when the course of Uie sun is in the ooneteUation 
named Tirgo; that ia, in the month which is called 
August ; and let him have the same wort hung on his 
swere (iieok) ; he wUl be cured 


arvenst. Soi 
For costiveness of inwards, take thia wort, which is 
named leporia pes, and by another name hareafoot; 
dry it, then pound it to dust, administer it in wine 
to drink, if he (the paHeiU) be unfeverish ; if however, 
he be in a fever, give it him to drink in water ; soon 
the costiveness will pasa away. 

DiTTAJTT.'' LXIU. Dhtaminu 

aiba. B»t. 
1. This wort, which is named dittany, and by 
aaoUier name , is produced in the island 

* The drawing in MS. Y. is bej^ond interpretadon ; so 
MSS. A. G. In MS. B. 130, the drawing reminds as of 
SteUaria media, Bot., Ckiehtted. 

^ The figure in MS. Y., fol. 35 c, haa eaten itself away. 

The later hud in B. glolMB aneoee. " -ii«n«. B. 
.<niitB. " flipcV, B. " caukeb, H. B. "is-i^ 



man cjiSce' haceS* ^ on )>ain munte ^ man iba 

Dyp hp^lc pip hffibbe on hype mnolSfl beab bojiea 
cuMuji jemm J^^lje p^Ce p6f * )>fl pe biAraiunum nem- 
8un* jip heo bncan yepepe py syle iipmoan on pine* 
jip hype )>oime pepep bepije ayle bpmcan on peapmum 
peCepe pona hic f tnbbnp uc apei^{>* butan ppeo- 

epc PI'S punbft pom hy pyn op ipepne pom h^ p;^ 
op ptence' oSite pptun nrabpan jenun pffje ilcaQ 
j^te ]>op bo on !«* pnnba ■] pyle tipmcan sooa he 
b?S hal 

Bfc poShce fvS nffllA|wui phee jenun }»^e ylean 
p^re pea.p p^Ie bpinean on pne pona hyt f ac&op 

Ifyp hpa' atcop Jncje jenime Jiypp® Jlenn pyp^ P^p 
bpmce on pne pitobhce ppa mjcel Jp ]»Jppe pjpce 
jTjienjB" ppa na ^ Sn jJ heo nub hype anbpeapb- 
nj^ppe^' njebbpan opflyh^ jya. hpeep fpa hj" hype 
jehei^" beoS ac popjion op hype prence" JKinne he 
nab pinbe aJiap«i bi* fpa hpsap'* ppa hy^' beo^ -j by" 
^one ppsBO jeprmcft'S hj poefUon" Ipelran.'^ 

eac" Jp sseb be yfff& pyipan" pyjiCe ^ man oil 
hunru]w pan" o'SSiSe ps^ean" mib plane oWSe oiSpnm 
ptepne jepsecep f hj** pyllon pap pypte ecan** fpa hy" 
hpajwpc to cuman niffi3en ^ heo pona*" pa plane ue 
abeS 'j 'Sa ponbe jfihadep" 

piiS mpe punbft janun pap ylcan pfpee ^ tepelpep- 
■Smc* pypiM *] hmbe hGelepan*" cnuca mib bucepan* 

' Speee. V. • hbxS, B. • pfij-, »1» B. * -ton, B. 

* aroDbei^ B. H. ' ipBciiyrr«i B, H. ' /fcancse, H-i feensft B. 

■ (>)«, corrected to on t«i H. This coirectioii is freqnent tnd oetdlcM; 
gee St KtriL, p. 96, g 57. ■ hpl, H. " n>ai«, T.; ftpansts; H. 

" -nen*. B. '» his. B., omitting hype, '• Sebsikbet H. 

" ft^Qoe, H, " hpip, B. " hiSi B, twice, " pmlMi, B. 


APVLEO. 167 

vhioh is called Crete, and on the mountain which is 
called Ida. 

2. If any wife (womcen) have in her inwards a 
dead-bome ofiTspriDg, take wash of this wort, which 
W'* named dittany ; if she be without fever, give (ii 
hsr) to drink in wine ; if fever then trouble her, give 
(it her) to drink in warm water; Boon it outsendeth 
the ofispring without mischiel 

3. Again, for wounds, whether they be from iron, 
whether they be from pole, or from snake, take wafih 
of this ilk wort, apply to the wounds, and give to 
drink ; soon he will be hole. 

4. Agiun, verily, for bite of anake, ti^e juice of 
this same wort ; administer it to drink in wine ; soon 
it wUl remove the poison. 

5. If any one swallow poison, let him take ooze of 
this same wort ; let him drink it in wine. So mickle, 
in fact, is the strength of this wort, so that not only 
it by its presence stayeth snakes wheresoever they 
be handy to it, but by reason of its smell, when it 
is carried by the wind, wheresoever it is, and they 
smell the stench, tltat is odour, they shall die, or they 
die, it i$ said. 

6. Also, it is said of this same wort, if a man in 
hunting with arrow or other weapon weaken a roe- 
buck or a roe, that they will eat this wort as quickly 
as they may come to it; and it soon puts out the 
arrow and healeth the wound. 

7. For new wonnds, take this same wort and stich- 
wort and water (^mony, pound with butter, lay to 

" fpylr*. H., n ieemi to have been erased ) rT7^^> B. 


»dc«i,B. "hjIiUpB. »p«Kan,B. "hi^B. 

» cicMi, H., 

an BTOT. «• luK. B. " ■6d>, H. " -luH- 

, B. Tb the 

Mnta purpose, Imdams, Origb. zriii. 9 = p. IBS B. 


» hdelaii, B. - butepin, H. 


le;e to )>ffipe> ytoAe Jm panbpafe on eallnm )>inpim 

PI'S mebbjian flite y ytS fcoppionej' fcincj' jemm 
]»]* pypte )>e man ]-ola;o maiop ^ hebofCc^pion nem< 
ne? bpyje* hy' Jwnne ■] (3iuca Co n'J'l'*' pnalon' bnrre 
ajle bpincan on pine ^ jenun )» pyjite jecnucube* leje 
CO ]wepe" pnnbe. 


pijj ^sbT jisenjc" pyjimap" bepjen" ymb na^o^ 
jemm )%f pypte )>e man jolSgo minop "j o}>puni 
naman leboCjiopion" nemnelS jebpijebe cnoca to tiiifTre 
fyle bjuncsn on peapmum pteCejie beo ya pypmaf 

Peonia. lsvl 

Deop p;^C '%e man peonian nemne^ ptey putb^i 
ppam peonio paxa ealbpe •] hm ]>OQe naman of hitn 
liEBpS* he bi% cenneb" pypmefe in jpeca^'^Jia eac j^ 
m^pa" ealbop homepn)* on'^ hyf bocnm ameapcobe 
heo his puibMi" fpyjwib ppam hypbnm*' -j heo heefS 
copn ^mjie mycdnypj-e" pe tnab ;panaci> *] heo on** 

■ Vflpc, B. > sc]1>A»uicse, H.; -fpemminse, B. ■ jcincg, B. 

• bpissci B. ' his, B. • l^ntan, H. ' pntUin, B. H, 

B. * )«|ie, B. "A tatke and icoipion tre dnwn. 

" pyryP'OMi H^ with a gloM hnairici, " -pm, B. 
"cBimeb, B. H. "qieftca, U.; crcca, B. 

Bjift. ■' 6d, H. " FtiubeD, B. " l^pbn, B. 

-nerrc, H. " BD, U. 


efficacy of Hub wort. 

For bite of anake and for sting of scorpion, take 
tbe -wort which is named solago maior and ^kuxrx^irios, 
then dxy it and pound it to very small dust; ad- 
nunister it in wine to drink, and take the wort 
ponnded, lay it to the wound. 

J^avniing of a fight betuieen a scorpion a/nd a anake. 
M3. v., foL 36 a. 

In case that round worms annoy about the navel, 
take this wort, which is called splago minor, and by 
another name ^Xiorfoinov, dried, pound it to dust; give 
it in warm water to be drunk; it slayeth the worms. 

Peomt.<= lxvi. - ^ 

1. This wor^ which is named peony, was found by 
n»icn, the chieftain, and it has the name from him. 
It is produced principally in Oreecia. Also, as the 
illustrious author Homeros, in his books remarked, it 
18 found chiefly by herdsmen ; and it has gruns of 
the magnitude (of those) of the malum granatmn, 

* Tbe flgnre in HS. Y.) fol. 36 b, was once nearly a dnpU- 
cate of the next. 

•• The drawing in MS. V., foL 36 a, when compared with 
the figure in the Flora Grneca, has pointB of resemblaace. 

'' The punting in MS. T., fol. 36 b, is eaten away, but it was 
not much like pnony. 


Qihre forneS j-pa leohc ftee • *} eac hj^e copn beo% 
jelice coccele • ■) heo' byS jT>a pe Sp optebon opcujT* 
pjiam hyjtbam on nihce jemet ■] jejabepob.' 

JTiS mono^ jceouyffe* jyf maa Jjaj" pypCe peoniam 
J>am mouo'S feocan lijcjenbon* ojrep ale;^' fona he 
hyiie pylpie halne' upalief:^ ^ jip he hy^ nub him 
hafa^ nseppe yeo abl him ejrc ne" jenealsKse'S. 

Pi)> hype ban ece jemm J>yue ylcan pypte fumne 
btel pyptcpuman ^ mib Imenan*" daiSe jeppiiS ro yam 
j-ape ■ hyr jehieK. 

Deof pypc }>e man pepiftepeon -j oSpum naman 
bepbenam" nemneB • heo yj- culjrpon fpiJie hipcu^S" 
Jianan'* hj" cac" jnim J)eobpcipe columbinam hate^. 

Ziyj: hpa juj- pypCe" mib him hafaS ]>e pe pepifce- 
peon nembon ne msej he ppam hunbum '* beon 

pi^S ealle aetpn*' jenim Jiyrpe sjlfan" pjfce bufc 
j-ylle bpincan ealle atcpn** heo tobpij* eSc mon rsejS" 
^ bpj*a'* ro heopa cpffifitum h^e bpucen.*? 

' he, B. ' -toft, n. ' -pab, H. ' -nfn*> B- H. 

=■ lecB-, B.1 -bMi, n. ' aleiS, H. ' hilne, B. • his, B. 

° ne, V. omltB. " -nu, B.; V. has here loM muij letlen. 

>■ btpbcDe, H. "nel Deraeuim, 0.,fol. 37 = 8. The dnw- 

iag nuj be meant for Tervala, not for aquilegis. " hip~, B. 

" ttnan, B. '* hi5, B. " etc, K " pyre, 0. " hnnbei; O, 

" tpocm, H. " were, 0. " 0. omits. " txxn, O. - tt^ B, 
" bpSi-Tt B.i frifif, O., fol. ao. «■ bplieen, B.j bpnca, H., with Ion 
of n, on Thick aee St Harh., p. 80, g 13 ; -eon, O. 



<3T porneffranate ; and it slmieth at night aa a light 
&t or lamp, and also its grains are like cockle;' 
and it ia, aa we before Boid, most often met with and 
gatlksred by herdsmrai at night 

2. For Innacy, if a man layeth this wort peony 
over the Imiatic, as he lies, soon he apheaveth himself 
hole ; and if he hath this wort with him, the diaease 
never again approaches him. 

3. For hip bone ache or. sciatica, take some portion 
of a root of this ilk wort, and with a linen cloth bind 
it to the sore; it healeth. 

VKaVAINb LXVIL (0«/-«rf* 


1. This wort, which ia named wipimp$i», and by 
another name vwbena, is very near akin in colour to 
culvers or doves. Whence alao some people call it 

2. If any one have with him this wort, which we 
named periatereon, bo may not be barked ai, by dogs. 

3. Against all poisons, take dnst of thia same wort, 
administer it to drink ; it dfiveth away aU poisons ; 
also it ia said that sorcerers use it for their crafts. 

* Latin, " cocci eimile," a cochineal gram or intecf ; our 
SaxoQ gives a wrong interpretation. 

^ Verbena officinalis is intended by the drawing in MS. V., 
and by tfpiiniftit in Dioekoridee. Columbina, eulverwort, 
ia a bad tnuulation ; iMfimfiir means dovecot. 

•^ This clanse ib not in the Latm of 1528. The author of 
onr text evidently, by the expresBion about the colour, meant 
the oolnmbiney aquilegia vutgarU. 



Dymelft' Lxvui. 
Bryaia dMea. piB mihnii yftpe jemm )»]• pjpCe 8e maa bpyonia -j 
o])pimi tuuimn hj'iiiele nemneB j^le )>Jc5eaii' jemanj 
mece )>onue j*ceal f j^p li)>elice ynjih ^ne micjjraii* 
FopS jaD<* tSeor pypc if to )>am hepipnblic' ji hy man 
piK jepune bpenceap' jemeDcseaS.' 

]7i5 ^ man on pambe poppexen fy jenim )>J^lje. 
pj^ce Bieb )% man n^m|%ce ^ oCpttm naman 
nenmeC cnnca mi6 pine pyle bpincan. 

6p" P syljre' be Cam pypetpiunan'" syle byne t>am 
peocan Jncjean • x." bajaC 

ept 5yp Jm )»r pypte pylpt Jnejean'* on p:panjon" 
pine heo ]>£ep innoKep impyne jeppitS: 

Elseppe." Lxx. 

Pi6 ))cepa jomena pSpe jjp hpa Jifiye P?p^e PJP^* 

rpnman )>e man qufion *] olSpum naman drappe 

netnneK mib bim bafe^ ^ on hif fpjpan bJpB lueppe 

him hip joman ne bepiaS. 

' b^xmui jnlbemep, B^ by Ifttcr huid. ■ >ies>n, B. ' imcsuk,B.; 

nues>i>> ^ coir«eti<ni from nusan, H. * jojilS stn, B. oodtb 

'hepsmbllc, E.j m> B., without acoent *b|inie«r> B. 

> -nmn;-, B. ■ for, 0. oddB. ■ Sun ;lcan, H,; ima fy]lt, O. 

" mm ]>«n pjtcraait, O. " ttcgui ■ cjn, B. 0. '• hcsu, B. 

" -STun, B. ; ftange, 0. " cl»jie, H., to. 

■ In the painting, MS. V, fol. 36 d, I trace no likeness 
whatever to the hop " root," as the holders call it, whether 


Htmelk.' lxviil 

1. For sore of spleen, take thiB worf^ which is 
named ^pumfo, and by another' name hymele ; give it 
(to the aick) to swallor among (kis) meat ; then shall 
the disease gently go forth through the urine. This 
wort is to that degree laadable that men mix it vith 
their usual drinks.'' 

The vxUer lU/y." LXir. 

1. In case a man be orerwaxen in Tamb,<' take seed 
of tlus wort, which is named mufaia, and by another 
name , pound it with wine, and give it to 

2. Again for the same, of the root, give it to the 
sick to eat for ten days. 

3. Again, if thou givest this wort in strong viae to 
be swallowed; it restrtuns ill running (diarrhcea) of 
the inwards. 

CLOVEfi. LXX. TVifitnm 

prataite. Bet, 

For sore of the jaws* or back of the mouth, if one 
hath with him a root of this wort, which is named 
xipvioi, and by another name clover, and bearetU it 
on his neck, his fauces will nevw give him troahle. 

male or female, nor lo the bryony ; it ie more like Mentha 
piperita (H.) In MS. Bodley, 130, bryony is dr&wn tolerably 
well, with red berries ; it is ^so rightly glossed " wildenep." 

<■ In this clanse hymele is humulvt, the hop plant. It was 
not Biiid of bryony in the Latin text. 

' In MS. v., fol. 37 a, drooping leaves, like coufervn lifted 
frcnn the water, on erect stalks remain. 

^ Latin, Ad dyeentericoB. The interpreter misunderstood 
tbe word. See un. 1. 

* Latin, Ad foucinm dolorem, and below, fauces. 



Dhf p^te Specaf ij^nf -j jiou^e alntaia nfimni^' 
•] eao anjle' hateC* ab feppentif mopfum.* 

Pi6 mebbjian fliCe ^emm ^fjfe yfV^ ^^ ^ ZP^^^T 
ifati]-' nenmaB cnnoa on ptecejie le;e co ytepe' pimi>e 
heo Ffiem^' *] ^ ffip oirjenunS. 

^ oSpnm ntiTTiHTi nemneC feoQ on pine ffie 

bpincan • cnuca ^nne J« pjp'ce »j leje* Co |wqie' 

piS pma fape jemm )«]■ f^lF^Q P7P^ csiaca hy • 
■J jepjlb mib Baia ele Be aj Of It^p tjieope je- 
ppunjan" hjr f ffip op animC 

JJiC Jjam pefope )?e biejhpfliiJice ojijw By Jjpibban 
bseje" on man becJmB jenini Jiaj- ylcau pjpce ■] 
jeppiB hj" onbu'can" Jotj* manuep lic^oman'* heo 
ofanunB June bfejbpamlican ^ )>y )>pibban beej^ " 

Felt'" pypt, ijxni. 

Deos pypt )>e man uepbaj-cnm *} oBpnm naman pehr 
pjjic" uemueB biB cenneb" on panbipim rvopnin ^ 
on myzenum ]»]■'* Pi'P^ :?r T®** ^ mepcupmf poeolbe** 

■ nanoet!, B, ■ eie on auslirOi H. * luotV, B. * td MipMtiB 
morsnm, H. alao', it ihonld b« f»b, voad, whioh In B. hia iMm fi»«ed in. 
In B., the later hand which pot in the numbering afler xxrm., iedng a 
space left fbr the drawing of a snake, hai made it a new wort * tTP^Tr 
V. ' t^e, B. ' rpaina«, H. ' leje froB, H. • Ji^i*, B. 

" sepiitins™, B. " bvg, H. i V. B. omit, » his, B, " Uko, B. 

''lie-, H.i -bamon, B. '* bnge, V.; bBSer, witk the next wofd 

erased, H. " jidb, B., here ud in wntsnu, Imt not in mt. ■* r^ 
pjpfc, V. " owuu*, H. B. " freor, H. " toolbe, B. 



Wood. LXXI. 

1. This wort the Greeks name 'urins, and the Romans 
alato, and also the Engle ad aerpemiis morsum.* 
Drawvng of a anake. M8. V., fU. 87 h. 

% For bite of snake, take leaves of this wort, which 
the Oneka name isatia ; pound it in water, lay it to 
the woond; it beneflte and removes the sore. 

LXin. 1 , . 


1. For bite of snake, take this wort, which is named ^^ 
irxifHiw, and by another name <> , seethe it in 
wine, give it (the sidk) to drink. Ponnd then the 
wort and lay it to the wound. 

2. For Bore of sinews, take thia same wort, pound 
it, and boil it with the oil which is wrung out of 
laurel tree ; it removes the sore. 

3. For a quotidifm fever or a tertian, take the same 
wort, and tie it about the mans body ; it removes the 
quotidian and the tertian fever. 

Pelt woet, or Jf wBetn. Lxxnt vcrhatcwm 

I. This wort, which ia named verhaacum, and by Bot. 
another name feltwort, is produced in sandy places 
and on mixens. It is said tiiat Mercurius should give 

* Out interpreter was' dozing when he transferred the 
heading of the next paragrf^ ad serpentii morntm to this 
place, and called it l^liah. The plant ia woad, pab. The 
drawings are worthleBB. 

^ The Latin has Scordion, id est, sorbns : the tridfiu* of 
Dioskoridce was herbaceous, -ria, not a service tree. The 
drawing in MS. Y., fol. 37 c, may, with large allowance, be 
T. Bcorodonia, it cannot be T. Scordion. 


inlize )>ain ealtwjunea j-yllan )>a he com to cipcean *J 
he na j-yjijian senije hype ypelan peopc onbjiefc.' 

Ey-f hpa nub hjm pyjye pjpce ane tealspe bjp6 
ne hi6 he bpejeb mib Kiujiim ojAii ue him pilbeop 
ne i>epe]>* ne semj ypel jeancyme," 

pi)t foC able senun )iaj- ylcan pfpxre nepbapmm 
jecnQcabe* leje Co ))am fape binnait* je&pum tibum 
heo jehffil)? ^ j^p Co Cam j'cet^phoe f he eac° jan 
byp'pe -j nuB;e> eac" upe ealbpaj* cpsebon -j jwbun' f 
6eoB jepecebny'r heahoofC ppemebe." 

Se J>e j>Jlle ofep lansne pej f£pan haebbe nub hnn 
on ))am peje )>aj* pypce ]>e man hepacleaa -j o6pam 
naman nemne]> ]K>nne ne oi^>p8abe)r he h^m 

ffimjne Iceajmn* ac heo h^ a|:ly;e)>."' 

Cjlejienie. LXXV. 
PiJ) ea;ena iy^mnjjre" ^ fapnjjye" -j ofeptojenn^pe 
jenim yjjje yjfXe feap ])e man" cebboniam" •] c^ani 
naman )>am jelice cjlejwme'* nemneB cnucub" of J>am 
p^rcpmnaa mib ealbam pme -j himije *] pipope j*^ f 
pel tofomne jepunuh" ^j fm^e" J'onne ^ eaj^an 

■ pe6pe ■ onbjueb, H, ' twpat, B, • s£h>-i B. * sepuinbe. 

IL) -nobe, B. '-non.B. • eSc, H., twice. 'r«Stxn>,B., 
verified. • -motw, B. ; ipa™"'«i H- ' *>UEpe (») !«•*». R. 

with glo« k«£ " »rl'S8> B. " -nefye. H. B. '* -nen*. H. 

" H. oiDita nwn. " t on, H. " cylet«tii5«, B. " seennb, H.; 

Secnocib, B. "-nob, B. "(taejia, B.; pnejie, H. '*V. hu 
here infibred mncfa. 


came to Circe, and he after that dreaded none of her 
eril works. 

i. If one beareth with him one twig of this wort, 
he will not he terrified with any awe, nor will a 
wild heflst hnrt him, or any evil coming near. 

3. For goat, take Uiis same wort verhascum pounded, 
lay it to the sore ; within a few hours it will heal 
the flore so effectively that (the gouty maTC) can even 
dare and be able to walk. Also our authorities de- 
clared and sud iJiat this application was in the highest 
degree beneficial. 


He who will travel an ovOT long way, let him have 
with him on the jonmey, the wort which one nametli 
^paKktia, and hy another name , then he 

dreadeth not any robber, hut the wort puts them (all) 
to flight. 

Celahdihe.'* utxv. owawtwi 

1. For dimness of eyes and sorenesA and obstruction,'' 
take juice of this wort, which is n^ned ;^tXiSaWB, and 
by another name like that celandine, beaten out of 
the roots, let that be well pounded with old wine 
and honey and pepper together, then smear the eyes 

■ The figures &re fimtaatic. In MS. Bo^ey, 130, ib r gloss 
calcetreppe ; but MS. V. does not represent eentaurea 
calcitrappa. In MS. G-. is a gloBS " hanuichamp," that is, 
elavaria eoralloidei, but neither Gr. nor V. draw a fungus, 
nor yet Heraclea aphondylium. 

'MS. V. aims at drawing chelidonium maiut. (H.) 
< 0{Spr<qennJx> oyertuggenness, is a drawing over, obdtte- 
tio i the Latin haa, Ad caliginem ocnlorum, et qui ulcera in 
oculis et BCabritudinem habent, et ad olbugincm ocnlonim. 
See (lie, in glossary. 



6ao pe onprnbon' j) pime men op Scape meolce 
VJYT^ J'lcan pjpce heojia eajan* fmjpebon* ^ him 
Jiy* sel psef. 

Gjfl; pi8 bymjenbum eaj&n' jemm ^jjye ylcan 
pj-jiee pS]- o]'J>e" iSa blojTman' seppunjene ^ jemenj- 
ceb.^ mi6 hiuuse jemeajc' J>oiuie lij^ebce peallesbe 
azan Jncpto '* -j j-eoS )«eji Co " fomne on tepeniun 
peece • fijj- ij- j-^nbepbc" Ifflcebom pi6 eajena'* b^- 

6ac If sepi]" ^ fume men'* fpa pe »p'* opebon'^ 
JsB]" poj-ej- p^nbejUioe bjiuoafi. 

Pits cypnlu jenim Jwr ylcan pypCe cnoca mib pjj^ 
leje Co Jiam cjjinlun'" fpa f hi" aejiepc'* j-yn jmb 
peecepe ^ehepobe. 

Jh]i heapot) eoe jemm p9,y rj^lFan pyjite c&uca nub 
eoebe pn^pe"* )>one anbplatan^ ^ Ji heapob. 

Pi6 f man popbEBpneb" j-y jemm })ap ^Ican p;y'pc»! 
cQQCa nub jffiCena"* fineppe" ^ lege Jropto." 

Solfequia. Lxxvi. 

JhB jefpel genim ]»]• pjpte jie man polace -j" 
oSpum naman folopece nemn^ jecnucube -j mib ele 
jemenjcebe" leje ]>sBpto** hjt ppema^: 

J>i]> eapena pape jenim ftjppe Jlcan pjpce pos 
jemenjo** mib ]>am ele op c^po ^ jep^pm hjr ^** fpa 
piffic bp^pe on f eape. 

pi6 toB ece sjle etan Bypre pJlpMi"* pjpce opoppap. 

■ -boQ H. B. ' -^oa, B. * nnqiabon, B. ' ^ H. 

•-Su,B. '□CSBb.,H. 'bloAn-.B. ■-ni»nK«b, B.; cebe,H. 

■ -umnsc, B. " t^P. B., twle«. " yijhc, H. " t»iS»n, B. 

"nuen, H. "i^, B. "jmbta,U. "^<w,B. "lus, B. 

"-o(t,B. "pDejia,B. "-j^c-, B. " sebiflinefc, B. 

** s>ceiiDiii, B., and H., vith « later gtoia, socene. " ftnepnpe, B. H. 
" hip, B, " 1 on, H. " senuuisebe, B. " J^ , B. ■ e*- 

mniiEeb, B.; semMiScbo, H. '•}, H, omits. ■'fulfill,!!. 



2. Also, we have found tltat some men have Bmeiu^d CziAHnum. 
their eyes with the milk of this same wort, and it ^' 
waa therehy better with them. 

3. Again, for eyes getting dim, take ooze of this 
same wort, or the bloBsoms wrong oat, and mixed 
with honey; mingle then gently" hot aahes thereto, 
and seethe together in a brazen vessel ; this ia a 
special leechdom for dimness of eyes. 

4. Also, it is certain that some men, as we before 
Bald, use this ooze separately. 

5. Against kernels (ka/rd glandviar ato^Um^a),'^ 
take this same wotji, pound with lard ; lay to the 
kernels, so that they be first bathed with water. 

6. For head ache, take this same wort, pound it 
with vinegar; smear the forehead and head. 

7. In case a man be badly burned, take this same 
wort, poond it with goats greaae, and lay thereto. 


1. For a aweUing, take this wort which is named J|^^ "sm 
solatnun, and by another name solsequa, pounded and MUeqna in t]ie 
mingled with oil, lay it thereto ; it will do good. i, -■ -" 

2. For sore of earB, take ooze of this same wort, 
mingle with oil of privet,^ and warm it, and so when 
lukewarm, drip it in the ear. 

3. For tooth ache, give to eat the flower heads of 
this same wort. 

* The interpreter read leniter for leuiter, leviter. 

^ Latin, Ad parotidaa ; xofarliaf, rwellmgs of the glandt 
behind the eart. Small hard awellingH are Btill called keraeh. 

' US. V. has drawn Solatium dulcatMtra (H.), instead of 

^ Latin, Oleo cyprino. The oil of privet obtained from the 

flowers by infnsion was " not often used " in 1693. (Salmons 

Druggist's Shop Opened, p. 1129 a). Cyprus was the medU 

sval name for privet. (G. J. Vobb, de Vitiis Sennonis, p. 122). 

H 2 



Ma V. ii here Pi8 blob pyne of nofuin jenim ^yrfe ylcan pyjite 
" pop -j bype anne' linetme* claC ^j fojifeBe Jia jHej^JjUu 
)«ep* mii) . fona 6iec blob t^fcsBnt.* 

Ijjianbe fpylije. LXXTII, 

Beoj- pyjit 6e man j-enecio -j oSjium naniBii jpunbe 
fpjhje' nemneS 'bfp cenneb' on hpoFum 'j onbutan' 

Pi8 ponba Jwah hy f^n rpj'Jw ealbe jemm ]>af 
p^pte ]^ pe j-enecio nembun^ cnuca mib ealbom Jiffle 
leje CO J>ani' pnnlrtim*'' hyc hsele))" Booa. 

Jjff hpa " mib ij-epne " jeplejen sy jemm paj- 
<^lcaQ p;^pce on Eejine mepjen o86e to mibban bteje 
cnuoa hy" fpa pe dp cpsebon mib ealbum pyfle leje 
ro Jxepe" punbe aona heo )>a punbe jeopenatS *j apeop- 

PiB fffc able ;emm Jtaj* ilcan pypte cnuca mib pJrle 
le;e CO Jiam j»Cuin hjc jelij)e5^ f pSp ." eac liic 
FpemaiS" mjcelum" pi6 ^tepa** j-ina fape. 

Pi)> lenb«ia" pape jenim )jap ylcan pJpCe cnaca 
mib ]-ealre I'am*' jemeCe 6e ^ cl^|«n pypce le;e Co 
Cam lenbennm •" )>am jelice b^c ppems^" eac pi6 
Jfflepa" F"^ sape. 

Eepn." LIXVUL 

Pi6 punba" jenim J>Jiye pypce pypecpnman Jie 

man pilicem ^ o&pnm naman peajin netime)> jecnacubne 

lege to Jwepe" punbe -j «Jjelpep)nnc5'" pJTite cpejpa* 

cjiymepf a fffpte^e Bf\e bpincan on pine. 

' KDne, B, 

l«p, B. 

' wK~, B. * rpJce, H. ■ CBimrfc, H. B. 

-eon,B. ' 

•.bOD,B. • H<!|>ro )>*, H. "punbimi.H. " h»lS,R. 


■'ir*rne.H. "tiE-B. " Sape. B. "ir-.H. 

>» pip, H. 

■' niy™B^> B' " miclu, H.i micclam, B. " Vtpa, B. 

Iwib-, B. 

= Jwn, H. ■• I»nb-, B. " nM™»>«. H. 


» fcum, B., later hand. « A plntal. " >*pr, B. 




4. For blood-ruaning from the noae, take ooze of BouBQnDN. 
this aame wort, mid dip a linen cloth in it, and stop ■***• **"*• 
the nostrils with it ; soon the blood staacbeth. 

GrOUHMBX.* LSXVII, Senecio ml- 


1. This wort, which is named seneuio, and by an- 
other name groundsel, in produced on roofs and about 

2. For wounds, though they be very old, take this 
wort, which we named senecio; pound it with old 
lard, lay it to the wounds; it healeth them soon. 

3. If any one be struck with iron, take this same 
wort at early morning, or at midday ; pound it, as we 
before said, with old lard ; lay it to the wound ; soon 
it openeth and purges the wound. 

4. For gout, take this aame wort, pound it with 
lard, lay it to the feet ; it alleviates the disorder ; al»o 
it benefits much for soi'c of the sinews. 

5. For sore of loins, take this same wort, pound it 
with salt, in the manner in which thou wouldest work 
a poultice ; lay it to the loins, like that ; it also is of 
advantage against sore of the feet. 

Fern, lxxviii. j 

1. For wounds, take a root of this wort, which is *' 
named filis, and by another name fern, pounded, lay 
it to the wound ; and stichwort, by weight of two 
drachms, administer to drink in wine. 

■The drawing in MS. V., fol. 38 d, intends groundsel, 
without being like. 

^ There ia a later gloss in MS. V. on the drawing, 
" Fenger," which is French for /ern. The drawing, fol. 39 a, 
is apparently unfinished ; at) it stands it ia like /ucut 



PI'S (tec s^'^^Z mtLa healybe' b^ jenim ^aj ;^lcaD 
ffjXe )eep* heo on bSceoan tpeopef pypttituman 
jepexea' j^ oniica nub ■ jtfyie -j jebec* anne* cJaB 
)>8e)unib .' ^ jepjiiB to 6am' sape pj>a ^ he )» hpyle' 
uppeajib 37 jepenb •' )>^ ]:i]:tan bteje he bi6 jehideb. 

Lpioe. LXXIX. 

JhB milcan sape jenym l>y)Te pjptre leap t>e man 
jpamen ^ otSpum naiuan q>ice oemneS ^ jepeoiS h^"* 
fmype" ^oime airne'* cl^ ))»pmib" leje ro Jwpe" 
milcan • )ra onjytelfc pjiempilnj'sse" J»fep6p," 

PiiS blffibpan pape -j pi6 ^ man j^emijan ne cueje 
jenun" ^yrr* Pyj"^* pyp-ttpumaji utepeapbe 8e man 
jlabiolum •] o^iun naman jUebene nenme^ bpije 
hyne'* J>oime *] cnuoa -j jemenjc" (Stepto*' Cpejeaii" 
fcenceap** pinep -j J'py** psecepep syle bpincaiL 

pi<5 milcan pape jenim ^y ilcaii** pyp^ 2^*^''''^ 
]K>iuie heo jeonj" py bpise" hy" -j cnaca to pp^ 
pmalaD bn&x syle ]>icjeau*^ od h^um pine • hj^ if 
jel^peb f hit ponbojilice pa nultan ;ehsele)>. 

pi]> imio])ep pape ^ JwBpft** bpeoBta jaum" (■yrpe 
pylpan pjpte bepjean" jeonuctibe** -j on jsecenpe" 

■ -1rh«, B. ')«]>, B. * becwnansepetXED, H.; srft»xta,B, 

• seb^c, B. ■ Kime, B. • top, B. ' fSBm, H. • bpOt, B. 

' sep»Db, H. B. " luB, B. " ftncpa, B. '■ Banc, H. B. 

'• |>ap, B. " JiNie, B. " -nerr«, B. " t-ajt, B. " Jc- 

nimc, H., let hia take. " In II., bjne, wli]<!li na correct, Nfeiring lo 

pyjicpamui, I1M been altered to by. " semnnc, B.; scmKQSc, H. 

" («ji, B. " rpesen, H. B. " rcenc»r, H.; IbmiMf, B. " {7115, B, 
*• lUtut, T. ■ seono, H. " bpisje. B. " hiR, B. " |>vesai>, H. B, 
■ )«p», B. H. " seniine. U- " bepf^i B. " -eobe, B. 


2. In case a young man be ruptured, take thie same Twm. 
wort, where it ia grown on the root of a beech tree ; ■***■ '"^"l"'' 
pound it with lard, and cover a cloth therewith, and 
tie to the sore bo that it, the doth, the white be 
tamed upward; on the fifth day he will be healed. 

Quick ob qditoh qeass* Quickens, Couch. Lxxix. Trttieunt 

r^au. Bet. 
For Bore of spleen, take leaves of this wort, which 
is named gramen, and by another name quitch,^ and 
seethe them, then smear a cloth therewith, lay it to 
the spleen ; thou shalt understand the advantage 

QlADDBN." LXXX. Jri* piaida- 

conu. Bot. 

1. For Bore of bladder, and in case that a man may 
not pass water, take tiie outer part of the root of this 
wort, which is named gladiolus, and by another name 
gladden; dry it then, and pound it and mix thereto 
two draughts of wine and three of water ; give this 
(to the patient) to drink. 

2. For sore of spleen, take the same wort gladiolus,' 
when it is young," dry it, and pound it to very small 
dust ; give it {to the mifferer) to swaJlow in lithe {toft) 
wine. It is believed that it wonderfully healeth the 

3. For sore of inwards and of the breasts, take 
berries* of this same wort, pounded, and rendered 

* Qaick graM iti most fantastically disguised in the drawing, 
M8.V., fol. 39 b. 

* Still 80 called by country folk, better known to gentlemen 
and ladies as couch-grasf. 

' Gladden in drawn in MS. Y., fol. 39 c. 
*> Maturissimam, Lat. 1528. 

* Lat. baccam, as a hip ia a berry : tlie seed is contained in 
a triloculai' uapsnlc. 


meolce oJMSe jjt felpe on pme jeplehre ayle bjuncau 

BoUen. Lxxxi. 

Deof ffjfc pe man jiopmajma -j oiSjimn namui 
bo)>en^ neimie)> by^ ceniieb* on faubijum lanbtun* *j 
on fjjtc betAuin,* 

piC co]> ece jemm Jiyrfe pyjite pypcpalan" Jie pe 
jiOfmaium nemfaun' pyle eCan butoD ylbmcje' he 
jenunfi* jwejia* toiSa iii[i -j heaJibe f pop on hif mi]]>e 
fona hje seheel)> Jw tefi, 

piB aMijenbe'" jenim Jiaj* pypce popmajiiuum cnuca 
nub ele pnype" Cone" ablijeuban" puuboplice ]m bine 

pi6 2"^)'^'^ senim J>af Jlcan pypte jecnnca bj" -j 
jemensc" hype pof piB ealb pin -j pi6 peapm psrep 
fjle bpincan" ]»py^* ^Z^)'- 

pi6 lipep j-eocnyjje" y psey mnoSef jenim }»yi7e 
sylpan*" pjpte jTinme" ;pipan pceajvpU on psecep 
■j jemen(^** jjiepto" napbJr j^ hanb pilla'* -j pabui 
yumne fcelan j-eotS Co somne on ptecepe pyle bptncan 
he biS hal 

pits nipe punba jemm Jiap ylcan pjpte fe pe pof- 
mapmum uembun*' cnuca nub py'sJe le;e co ]>un 

■ bosm, O. * CBDDeb, B, H. ■ Mobu, B.; Imikbe, O. 

* tMbbe, O., trhich, ai nmal, pues ofF redandant wordi. * pipt- 

cpQinan, B. ' -bon, B. ' Thii word is glomed or unended 

in H. b; rpoIopiUEe, foaUaieing. ' buumS, O. * ktp», B. 

" Ad iBDgnentei Id the lAtin, and gknaei in H. bebpcfee, babidJen. 
" ftncpa, B, " ton, H.j pant, O. " -ba, O, " -Ijr, B. 

" hiE, B, " snuHiGO, H. B. " bjun, H. " Jipi5, B, 

" -ntijt, B> " il««i3. B. " Glowed in H. i., that if, one ; liceL 


lukewarm in goats milk, or yet better, in wise* 
minister this ; the sore will ceaae. 


1. This wort, which is named rosemary, and by 
another name bothen, is produced on sandy lands and 
on wort beds. 

2. For tooth ache, take a root of this wort, which 
we named rosemary, ^ye it (the sufferer) to eat, with- 
out delay it removes the sore of the teeth ; and let 
him hold the ooze in Us mouth; soon it healeth 
the teeth. 

3. For the sickly,'' take this wort rosemary, pound 
it with oil, smear the sickly one ; wonderAilly thou 
healest him. 

4. Against itch, t^e this same wort, pound it, 
uid mingle its ooze with old wine and with warm 
water; administer this for three days. 

5. For liver sickness, and that of the inwards, take 
of this same wort 006*= handful, scrape it into water, 
and mingle thereto of nard two hands fiill and a stalk 
of me, seethe together in water, give it to the patient 
to drink; be will be whole. 

6. For new wounds, take this same wort, wbich we 
named rosemary, pound it with lard ; lay it to the 

■ Lat. asimnOr which the translator made out as uiuo. 

'* Lat Ad langaeates. 

•= This lenee has been discasBed in Spoon and Sparrow, 



Felb mopu.' Lxxiii. 

peo]*^ p^pt )» man pafeinace' pluatics ^j oCjiam 
naman }relb mojiti nemne)) bitS cenneb* ou i^mbijam 
rropum ^ on beojiljum. 

piB f pfmen eajijraiSlioe^ oenneN •" ;emm ]>af FJI'''^^ 
]Te pe pajnnnacam filuacicam nendnm' pec^ on pnitepc 
j'yle )>onne ^ pe man hyne ))cej)' mib befiije' be bi6 

PI'S pipa aFeojmumjee" jemm ^p ylcsa pyjice pap- 
cinacom peoB on psfcepe ■]" Jjonne beo jepoben beo 
menjc" by" pel "j pyle bjiincan by" beoS apeojmiabe. 

Dolbnune. Lxxxni. 

Deop pypt ))e man pepbicabp -j oSpum naman bolh 
pune nemne6 bJJ> ceneb" pi8 pejap -j piB peallap -j on 

piB pot able -j piB cancop" jenim Jwip pypce Jw pe 
pepbicahp'" nembun'^ pet^ on ptetepe bejifl'" ^nne Jia 
peC -j ]» cnepu •'* cuuca pj86an J>a pypce mib p;yple 
b6 on (enne claB' -j leje to )>am** potum *] to Jfam*" 
cneopum Jm bj" pel jebsDlpt. 

Eebelc."' LX5X1V. 

Pi6 );«p innoBep heapbnyppe** jenim )iar pypte (»e 
man mepcupiabp 'j oSpum naman cebelc" nemneS on 

' Oto, H. ' psAnnucc, tl. 

-Kai5-, H. * cnutoi, H. B. '-fcoo, B.; 
niban, H. *>*;■, B. >be(b«, H. '■ Bing^pB^fimtM, Lai. 

II 1, H. omits. "HUBOEC H, B. '■)7lehy,H, <• cbiiii(4),H.B. 

" In H., the correetot mi glossator 1ib£ irdtteo on his eraiure, cnropii, 
kiuet. " Id H., perdicalis ii gloawd htJmenret. " -boo, B.; 

nBbiiD. H. " btVx, B. " cneops, B. ; eDM|iii, H. ** bmm, H., bia. 
« bi;;, B. "TnV. appears, in faded iok, over-irTitteii bf tiie lUer 

lii. centary hand, Smfo^epnir. " -nerre, B. ; nesrnuiriTr, H. 

" cihelc, B., alio in heading. 


Field more, &t Paranep. Lxxxii. ■ pmujmobe. 

1. Tbia wort which is named pastinaca BUvaiica, 
fuid by another name field more, is produced on sandy 
places and on hills. 

2. In case that women kindle (bear ohilAren) with 
difficulty, take this vort^ which we named paaiinaca 
silvatica, seethe in water ; give it then that the man 
may bathe himself" (woman — heredf) therewith; he 
(she) will be healed 

3. For wives purifying, take this same wort pastinaca, 
seethe it in water, and when it be sodden, mingle it 
well, and administer it ; they will be pui^ed. 

DOLHBUNE, PdUtory.b LXIXm. ParittarU, 

1. This wort, which is nuned perdicalis, and by BoI. 
another name dolbrune, is produced against ways and 
ngainst walla, and on barrows. 

2. For gout and for cancer,^ take this wort, which 
we named perdicalis, seethe it in water, then bathe 
the feet and the knees ; pound afterwards the wort 
with lard, put into a doth, and lay it to the feet 
and to the kneee ; thou healeat them well. 

CHEADLRd LXXXIV. Mere»rialis 

perennia. Bol. 

1. For hardness of the inwards, take this wort, which 
is named mercnrialis, and by another name cheadle. 

■ Woman was in old times a masculine word, as it followed 
the gender of tbo second part of tlie compound. The plnrai 
bad preceded in the Latin also. 

•• Parietaria, MS. Bodley, 130, aud other accounts support 
Somner. M8.V., fol. 40b, and MS. A., fol. 38 a, may have 
intended this herb. So MS. T., Pliniua, ixL 104. 

c" Gonagram, Lat., gout in the knee. 

^ PerefHiu seems ascertained by the drawings in MS. V., 
foL 40 c MS. A., fol. 88 b, MS. T. 



pfBCejie jejDitKne fyle ^m tJolejenbuui fona heo iSa 
neajiinyrre' xK* a£yh6 -j ISone majan apeojun^ J»am 
jelice ^ peb jijiemaS. 

Pi6 ea^ena ]iiji ^ jej^el ;emm Kyfpe Bylpin pypre 
leap jecnucube' on ealbum pine lege co ]>aiii* fape. 

Elf pteceji on eajiaa fpi'Ke jepijen sy ^enun j'yj're 
ylcan pyp'cc fsi^F plieo bpype on ^ eape fona hyr 

epop peapn." LXIXV. 

Deof pypc pe man pabiolum •] oSpum naman epp 
peapn' nemneiS* yp jelic peapne -j heo bjrS cenneb* on 
Iranijum ibopnm"* ^ on eal6mn hap fCebum -j iieo 
litepS on se^hpylcmn leape cpa enbebJTiiinyfra" ptejeppa 
ppicena "j Jja pcina^ p pa jolb. 

Pi^ heapob eee jaiiin }>af pyjire ]>e pe pabiolum 
nembim" fpiSe cleene apeoptnube" peoB on ecebe 
{leaple fmype'* Jwnne f heapub'* Jisep" hyr jeh'Sejaft f 

pubu cepmlle." LXXXVI. 

PI'S blsabpan pape oS6e jefpelle jeuun pyfje pypte 
pyptrpiunan pe man Ipapaji ajpefnp -j o^pum naman 
pubu ceppiUu" neumeS peoS on pterepe Co peop'San 
bsele bpince "Sonne psBptenbe peopan** ba^f • -j he 

' -nerrej B. ' lit, B. ' -she, H.[ secnocobe, B. ' Sran, H. 

*i:Iih1!, H. B. 'De ndiolo, id est, pollipodio, O.; taetyiteaiD and 

cDerfeam, B.; later li&ddB. 'eaop-, B. H.; eafbrfirn, 0. 

■ nMnneV, H. * CMineb, B. " luOit, H. " -nejTs, B.; 

wibebjpbDyjTw, H. " -boo, B.; nniiibnn, U, " -mobe, B.; 

afomcbe, O. " biqia, B. " -fob, B. " )ra.ji, B. 

" In B., one of the intenneddlen hai eraaed )«ti, thinking perhaps, it was 
not a good antwer to ece. The Taunt apace left for a painting ii 


APVLrar. 189 

rubbed in water;' give to the safferer; soon it Chrim*. 
draweth out the hardness and purges the maw (or "■ '**" 
fttomacky In the same way the seed is beneficiaL 

2. For sore of eyes and swelling, take leaves of this 
same wort, pounded in old wine ; lay ihat to the 

3. If water be sunk far into the ears, take juice of 
this same wort lukewarm, drip it in the ear; soon it 
fleeth away. 


1. This wort, which ia named radiolus, and by 
another name everfem, is like fern ; and it is pro- 
duced in stony places, and in old house steads ; and 
it has on each leaf two rows of fair spots, and they 
shine like gold. 

2. Against head ache, take this woH, which we 
named radiolus, purged very clean, seethe it in vinegar 
tiioiongbly, smear then the bead therewith'' ; it alle- 
viates the sore. 

[Red] Wood chervil, txxxvi. Atp<i^<a 

1. For sore of bladder, or for swelling, take a root 
of this wort, which is named aspar^us agrestis, and 
by another name wood chervil, seethe it in water to a 
fourth part ; let him drink it then fasting for seven 

* Lat, ex paseo, win* made of rauutt, Frontignac. 
*■ I read ^Eepmib, against V. B. H. 

filled in B., by the letten of the alphabet, and atqne '.' ttt uneii ane 
maria gtleia plena dominna tecum benedieta tn in mnneriboi atque 
benedictni fraetns uentria tul amen, in manni tnaa commando tpiritnnt 
nenm redemlati me domine dciu. " pnbe ceanulla, B. " cypjille, H. ; 
CMpnilla, B. ■ -JOB, B. 



maDejum bajum be}>er' bpuce >] na on calbnm 
pecepe^ cume ne he cealbne yteKSJi ne )>ic3e ponboplice 
he hfele onjyt. 

Pi6 co^ eee jemm )>yrfe Byljran pyjite seap J>e pe 
fpAjiaji aembuu* fjle supan* ^ healbe hyc fpa on 
hjj" mu'Se. 

yiS tebbpena pajie jenim Jiyfye ylcan pypte pyjit- 
palan jecnucabe* on pine fyle bjuncan hyC }:j\ema^.° 

If^p bpylc ^el btebe man ]>uph teniae £Gf)>ancan 
ojrejine bejale]> jenim ^fyfyc syljzan pyjite p^ptrjiuman 
jebpijebe* syJe Jitcjean' vab pjlle* psecepe -j be- 
rppenjc* hyne mib {lam psSCepe he bi6 uabunben. 

8auine. LXXXVII. 
Pi8 )ia c^ebcan able')>e man aapijinem"' nemneS ]> 
Jj" on upe 5eJ>eobe" }>sepa" pyna jeCoh ^ foca jefpei* 
jenim liaf^ P^P^ ^ man ]*abinain ^ dSpum naman 
pel ^ajD. jehce ]-auiiiaia hat^'* s^le bpincan'* nub 
honije heo cofene})^^ ^ j^p f sylfe heo beip nub pine 

pi{) heapob" ece jenim ^f ^Ican fy^ite j-abinam 
eopnlice'* jecnucube" mib ecebe ^ mib ele jemenig- 
ebe" fmypa" )K>ime f heajnib** -j )» Jumponja" healice 
hjr fpem^** 

]h)> beat^'ppuijaf jenim ^j* p^t;e fabinam mib 
hmuje jecnoci^" finjpe" (wnne f j-*'P* 

* TIm eoneotoT InKita dc, H. * -on, B. 

* yjitioMlS, H. * Faintl; dfatmgiiMable fttsn 

SebpiSibe. in V. ' Hipswi, a H. 'pyll,H. •-IhHSasc.B. 

" Mippisioem, H. " VeObe, H. " )>spa, B. ■■ Uce«, B. 

■' bjiincan, H. "^>««, B. ■* SMnooob, B. " hiafob,^ 

" MjiVIice, H. " Eccnooobe, B. * sol»iic^ H.; semBOgeb, B. 

" p»yp*. H.i Onqik, B. " heajob, H, B. 

"TpynaX,S. " seawoobe, B. ** nnepc, H.) nnepa, S 


APTua. 191 

days ; and for maay days let him use tlie bath, and [""Tl Wood 
let him come bot into cold water ; and let him not An. ixxxvi. 
take any cold liquid ; wondeHnlly he obtains a cure. 

2. For tooth ache, take juice of this same wort, 
which we named asparagus; give this to sup to the 
tntfferer, and let him hold it so in his month. 

3. For sore of kidneys, take roots of this same wort, 
pounded in wine, give to drink ; it is of benefit 

4. If any ill-doing man enchants another through 
any spite, take roots of this same wort dried; ad- 
minister (this) with spring water, and sprinkle him with 
the water; he will be released (/rom, ths lAarm). 

SAvnra.* LiiiTiL J 

1. For the morboB regius,'* which is named aurigo, 
anrugo, which is in onr language spasm of the sinews 
and swelling of the feet; take this wort, which is 
called sabine, and by another name pretty mnch like 
that, savine, administer it with honey; it removes 
the sore. The same effect it hath when pounded with 

2. Against head ache, take this same wort sabiua, 
diligently pounded with vinegar, and mixed with oil ; 
smear then the head therewith, and the temples ; 
highly it is hen^daL 

3. For carbuncles, take this wort sabina, pounded 
witli honey; then smear the sore. 

■ Savine is not a native of England ; it is drawn Bomewhat 
like in MS. T. 
i> Ad morbum regium, hoc est, anriginem, Lat See Glow. 



JDunbej* heajob. LXXXVlli. 
piB eajena fSji ^ jefpel jenim JiyjTe pjpte pyjic- 
palan ])e man canif capuc •j on npe 2^)'^''^ bnDbei* 
heapob' hatiUS* ]-eo6 on ptecepe <] r^}r))an nub }>am 
jttBCepe Jia eajan' xebe)>a hjueblice hjt f ffiji je- 

Bpemel. LXXXIX. 

piB eapena j^ji jenim !»)• pyjite J>e man ejvajti' y 
o)>pam naman bpemel" nenmeS fpa meajipe j^cnt'*^ 
mm f>oime f pSj" jepleht bpjpe on ^ eape hjc f 
jepanaC -j jepij-lice jehsele})/ 

}h6 pipef jdepsan jenim Jvypfe ^Ican pypte cjioppaf 
ppa meappe ^ ))eepa' eyn )>p)pa feopeone' feoS on 
piBtepe to fipbban bffile eyle bpincan peejxenbe |ipj 
bajap j^ja f iSu )ieah eejhpylce bBBj" )>one bpenc 

PiB heopc eoe jenim ^yjY^ ylcan pypte leap je- 
cnuci^^' )>np)i by pyife ie^o opep ]>one pynfcpan tiv 
f fSp topsepiS. 

Pi8 nipe punba jenim pf^fe p^Ipao pjpte blofc- 
man" Ie;e Co Sam pnnbum buran eelcpe'* ylbmcje 
■j jpeoenjTTe" by- Jwi pnnba jehaaliJi." 

pi)> b)ja Bape ;enim )ffyfe ^Ican pjpce sumne bsel 
j-eoft on pine Co Jipibban beele *j op Jam pine eyn" |K)nne 
jia If^a. jebefiebe ealle ))tepa'^ )i6a unrpumnj^se" byc 

■ htejnb, B. * haccS, H, B. ■ et^fm, B. < -«G>V. 6. 

* The printed iMia, Ernwu, Id eet mbna, or Noniiiu et Tirtata hcrfac 
EniBci, rabive. ' bpnbel, H. ' Jim^^, H. B. ■ |>^ia, B. 

* iTFone, E.; jropme, B. '* b«5, also H. B. " difiC. B. 
" secnoeobe, B, " blonaan, B. '* wicepe, B. " -eeaafrrr, B. 
" -nil-, B. " IJb, B. " tepa, H. R " -nen*. B. " je- 
It^esiX, U. B. 



.For sore of eyes and awelUng, take roots of this 
wort, which is called cania caput, and in our language 
hounds head ; seethe them in water, and then bathe 
the eyes with the water; soon it (namely, the ajppli- 
eatimi) relieves the sore. 

Bramble." lxxxix. b 

1. For sore of ears, take this wort, which is named 
ei-UBCUS, and by another name bramble, so tender, 
pound it; then take the wash made lukewarm, drip 
it in the ear ; it diminishes the sore, and surely 

2. For flux of wife (woman), take heads of tiiis 
same wort, so tender, and of them let there be thrice 
seven; seethe in water to a third part; administer 
{this) to be drunk fasting for three days, so however, 
that thou every day renew the drink. 

3. For heart ache,i> take leaves of this same wort, 
pounded by themselves; lay them over the left teat; 
the sore passes off. 

4. For new wounds, take blossoms of this same 
wort, lay them to the wounds ; without any delay and 
mischief,*: they will heal the wounds. 

5. For sore of joints,'^ tt^e some part of this same 
wort, seethe in wine to the third part, and with the 
wine let then the joints be bathed ; (the application) 
relieves all the infirmity of the joints. 

'The drawingH in MS. V. and MS. Add. 17063 intend 

** Ad cardi&coB. Lat. In classical Latin hardly bo much 
spoken of the heart as of the stomach. 

•^Aut floa ant mora (Lat. MS. Addit. 17063), UoiMmor 
herriet. The Interpreter bluiidereii. 

■* Ad condylomata. Lat. 




piB luebbjian fliCe jenim JiyiTC ilcan pjjite leap J>e 
pe ejioTn nemban' fpa nipe jecnueube' leje Co 6am 

lieappe* xc. 

Da]- pyjiw* J»e man millej:oli«[m] "j on upe 2e]>eobe 
jeappe nemnej) Jp yaeb f achiUep pe ealbopman hj* 
pnban pcolbe •' *j he mib j'yppe sylpan pypte je- 
hselbe' |»a Jie mib ipepne* jeplejene ^ jeponbube' 
psejuut."* €bc" faeo op BQmum manDom pop ))^" ;e- 
oemueb" yp .. achylleop mib jwepe'* pypte yp Bieb ^ 
he eac" aumne'" man jelieelan pceolbe" f^ani" ptep 
thelephon Daouu 

]7i6 toS ece jenim J>yppe pypte pyptpaJan tie pe 
mJlefolium uembun*" f^le eran pferreDbum. 

Pi)> puuba J>e mib ipepne pyn jepophce jenim )»ap 
^Ican pjpce mib pyple jeonucube ■** leje to paxa 
jmnbum heo )ia punba apeopma)) ^ jetueleV 

Jhp jeppell jenim )>ap ylcau pypte myllepolium mib 
bntepan jecnueube** leje to Jjam*^ jeppelle. 

PiS ]ifec hp^lo man eappoSlice jemijan** miBje 
jenim j'yxpe Jlcan p^te poa mib ecebe pyle bpincan 
punbTipbce" heo hsele)?.'" 

dp punb on men aeolob sj jenim ))0Dne 8a*' aylpaa 
pypte millepohmn -j jnib fpyjw pmale ^ mcnjc" pi6 
bucep&n leje Sonne on 8a punba*' heo qnca)> pona ^ 

Inp men f heapob beppce oiS^ uncu8 pp^le onje- 

b^ Iftter hand. ' pypc, B. 

rcolbe, V. B. ' sehrflbe, R. 

'■pMpin, H.; jxIpoiiiB. " eto,U. 

" Hipe, B. " ric, II. " iume, I 

" -bon, B. " secnocobe, B. 

" ^tan, H. " -mis-, B. " -bop. 

* nueaes, H. B- " pnnbe, B, *■ hto scpcapmafi, H., omitdng thne 

worda ; pi»pm-, B. 

' s«onocobe, B. 

' S»™pe, B., 





" ropti.s, B. 

' sen^Dcb, H. 

H. " rcolbe, 



" -h*l-, E. 


Secnocobe, B. 

.-, B. " h*l- 


" Ht, h. 


6. For rend by a anoke, take leaves of this same Buhblb. 
wort, which we named eruBCOs, so fneh, pounded, lay *"■ •""'■ 
them to the aore. 

Tabeow* xc. . ..„ .„ 


1. Of this wort, which is named millefolium, and-''^''" ^^^ 
in our language yarrow, it is said that Achilles, the 
chieftain, should find {found) it; and he with this 

same wort healed them who with iron were stricken 
and wounded. Also for that reason, it is named of 
some men, Achillea. With this wort it is said that 
he also should heal (healed) a man whose name was 

2. For tooth ache, take a root of this wort, which we 
named millefoil, give it (/o the patient) to eat fasting. 

S. For wounds which are made with iron, take this 
same wort, pounded with grease ; lay it to the wounds ; 
it purgeth and healeth the wounds. 

4. For a swelling, take this same wort millefoil, 
pounded into butter ; lay it to the swelling. 

5. In case that any man with difficulty can pass 
water, take ooze of this same wort with vinegar, give 
it him to drink ; wondrously it healeth." 

6. If a wound on a man he chilled, take then the 
same wort millefoil, and rub it veiy small, and mingle 
it with butter, lay it then on the wound; it soon 
quickeneth and warmeth it. 

7. If a mans head burst, or a strange swelling 

■ The drawing in MS. T., fol. 42 a, intends yarrow. 
^ Hyginna, fab. ci., and the poets. 

' The rest of yarrows leechdoma are not in the printwi 
Latin, 1528, nor in MS. A., nor G. T. 




firte mine jjyfj-e ylcau pypw pyptpalaa bmbe on )>One 
rpyjuin' JSonne cjineiS* lijm f co jobpe pjieme. 

6]:C piC )>am ^Ican jenim Jmj' ylcan pypte pypc co 
feufte bo on 6a punbe )>onne by^ heo j-ona hatijenbe.' 

Ij^j; bp^lcum men ^jian ab«apbobe syn* oSKe'^ 
hif mete jemyltan" nelle nym' I'yrf** ylt»tt pypte" 
yeap menjc* iSomie pin ^'* psetep 'j hunij ^ ^ peap 
eall tosomne" j'yle byt htm Sonne'* peapm bpmcan 
fionne" by)» bim sona bet. 

Gfu pi8 JJEBjia'* 6eapma ece" ^ pi6 eallep'* )«ep 
O. condenses. innoSe]"'' mm J>ap ylcan pypte'* ^pyj ^y Jwnne ^ 
jejmb to bupte spyjie pmale bo iSonne'" psey bupcef pp 
cuculejiap*' jnille -j fipeo full jobep pinej* eyle hym 
Sonne bpincan'' f ■ Sonne beab hyt bim piS fpa 
bp;^lcuni eappo&um ppa bim on innan biS. 

Jjjf Sonne seftep Sam men py pojojja jetenje** 
oiMSe" bpylc innan junb** bpyne • jenun Sonne*" Jjyppfc 
pjpte pypcpalaji ^ jecnuca fpy'J'e p«l bo Sonne** on 
fpyjie job beop" pyle byt him Jionne** plaou pupan ■ 
Sonne*" pene ic ^ tyC bim pel fpemie*" je piS pojo- 
San je piS sejbpylcum mcunbum" eappoSnyppum.** 

PiS heapob" ece jenim Jiap ^Ican pjpte PJp* 
clyjjan** Jisepof** leje Sonne'* on f faeapob Sonne" 
jenimS** hyt pona ^ s£p onpej.** 

piji J>an" ntebbep cynne Se man ppalanjiup bateS*' 
;emm ^yfye yloan pypte tpijo -j Jja leap peoS on pme • 

■ rpeopin, II. ' ojm«, B. ' hie-, B. < rJn, B, 

• oW, B. ■ -cen, O., tol. 11 -=84. ' mme, O. " >. pyre, O. 
' DUtnes, H. B.; mens co, 0. '• ^, B. eunito. " co giben, O. 
" t«iie, O. (Jbr Hum*-) " Jwne, O. '• Hp*. B. O. 
" cca, O. " nlle, O. " A modem band in H. propa«e« to add Itar. 
" jijre, O. " Hne, O. " -eel-, B. " bncan, O., md so often. 
" SeCMiSe, H.; seEwncje, B. " otlwr, 0. " cnnb, B. O. " Nne, O. 
a Vtae, O. " btep, B. ** After i>on, H. kdd( rp^i ImS, U. 

* Hnne, O. ■* -mise, B.i -mis, O. " ineuoba, O.; in mai^. 



appear on it, let him take roots of this same wort, 
and bind them on his neck ; that will come to be of 
good service to him. 

8. Again for the same, take this same wort, work 
it to a duet ; apply it to the wound, then it will soon 
be heating. 

9. If any mans veins be hardened, or his meat will 
not digest, take juice of this same wort, then mingle 
wine and water and honey and the juice all together, 
then give it him warm to drink ; then it will soon 
be well with him. 

10. Again, for ache of the bowels and of all the 
inwards, take this same wort, diy it then, and rub it 
to duat, very small; then put up five spoons full of 
the dust, and three cups of good wine ; then give him 
that to drink. Then it is good for him for what- 
soever annoyances he hath within. 

11. If then, after that, there befall the man hic- 
cuping, or any ratten-bum » within (him), take then 
roots of this wort, pound Uiem very well; put them 
into good beer; give it him then lukewarm to sup. 
Then I ween that it may be of good benefit to him 
either for hiccup or for any internal difficulty. 

12. For head ache, take this same wort, work a 
plaster thereof, then lay it on the head ; then it soon 
removes the sore away. 

13. Against the serpent kind, which are called 
^aiAoTyia, tartmtulas, take twigs of this same wort 

•■ Batten ieput, matter, in Devonahire : understand purulent 

onciibB. " -nerrnm, H. ■ hixpth, B. " eo d; «>a, H. 

•»hlj>,B. O. "htne, O. "t«B, 0. " biiiim«, O. "mjwB,0. 
• Smu, H.i 0. omits the pangnph. " hfc-, B. 



jnib ISonne' fpijie i'male -j leje on 6a* puube j^f 
heo toeomne hleapan pol6e -^ );oiine tefc«p jpsm jenim 
8a pjjito -J hunij menjc' Co somne j-mjpe* J>b jmnfec 
6bji* mib ^onne baci£ heo fona. 

Pi6 nsebbpan Jlite jjp hpylc man hjne be5ypt)el» 
mi6 J»yire pjpte' -j hy' on peje mife him bepej> lie 
bi6 jefoyttieb jrpam* eejhpjlcum" oeabbep cynne.'* 

Pi6 pebe " himbej* j-lite jeum 6af ylcau pyjice 
{ni6 -j hpseren cojin le;;e on ]>a puube 6oime halaS 
heo {"ona. 

6(:t pi5 utebpon" llite jyj: j-eo jmnb" fopjmnben'* 
8jr jenim ^fyye sylpan" pjpte reljpan" j-eofi on 
pieCepe jnib Jionne'^ TPy)'^ pmale jej'obene leje }K>nue 
on Sa ponbe'* Sonne'* ^ bolh open )*y jenim }>a ylcan 
p;^ce uDfobene** jnib fp^jm fmale menjo*' pi6 hunij 
lacna** ))onne ])a punbe** ^pmib tSonne^* bjB heo 
Bona hal. 

Rube. xci. 

Elf blob op nosiuu plope jemm iSar pypCe J;e maii 
putam ^ ^am jelice oKpum naman puban nemne)) • bo 
jelomlice on )« njej'Cjplu*' pimboplice heo f blob op 
6am najf^i^plun" jeppiJS. 

Jh6 tofiunbennjsse" jenim Jwp ^Ican pypCe ptunm 
sy'le hj* bselmelum ppa jpene ecan*" o66e on bpinoe** 

' |ion, H. omiu. ' Sk, V. B. onut. * mMnes> H. B. 

• ftnepa, B. ' Hp, B. ' pyre, O. ' hig, B. ' jn* for 

nii, B. • -cen, O. » DKbbre cDiuie, O. " podef, O.; See 

8t John, I. 21,M«nh. O. condenses. " niebbn, O. "ft 

pnnbe, O. "-bon,0. " ilcan, B. "relsBn.B.i hflku p^ 

telsrao, 0. " ^tnc, 0. " pnnbt, O. ■* )>ti>, 0. 

"-bone, B.; j>jn seefobone, 0. " iiibd<^, H.; mane, B-t 

meng, O. " Ucn*. B. " panbt, O. " Hp, B. O. »• B. H, 



Aud the leaves, seethe them in ynne; then rub them 
very small, and lay them on the wound, if it be 
willing to unite ; and after that, take the wort and 
honey, mingle together, smeax the wound therewith ; 
then it bood heateth.^ 

14. For bite of snake, if any man grrdeth himaelf 
with this wort, and beareth it on the way with him, 
he is shielded from every serpent kind. 

13. For tearing of mod dog, take this same wort, 
rub it and wheat grains; lay them on the wound; 
then it soon liealeth. 

16. For a rent by a snake, if the wound ia swollen, 
take twigs of this same wort, seethe in water, rub 
them then very small ; when sodden, lay them on the 
wound. When the incision is open take the same 
wort unsodden, rub very small, mingle with honey, 
then dress the wound therewith ; then it will he soon 

RuE-b XCI. Butaff 

1. If blood flow from the nose, take this wort, 
which is named ruta, and by another name like Uiat, 
me ; apply it frequently to the nostrils ; it wonderfully 
stanches the blood from the" nostrUs. 

2. For bloatedness, take this same wort rue, give it 
so green, in pieces, to be eaten or swallowed in 

* All the M^ S. hacatf ; but haiaH would be better. 

>> The flgDre in MS. Add. 17063, fol. 4i b, intends rue. 
MS. v., fol. 43 a, cannot, but rather VJex Europaui (H.), 

omit KTeo vords by mat. " bnrle, 0. " -nqr*. B, ■ hij, B. 
"Mcun.'O. ■ bpincMi, H. 0- " tncsan, B. 



Pi6 Jisei" majan' jape ^enim J)yj'fe ylcan pypce aaeb 
■j rpefel ^ ecet) syle tucjean* ffej^enbum;- 

Pi6 ea;;eiia eape -j jefpel jenim par ylcan pyptc' 
jiucan pel jecnucube* leje tro 6am' pape eac ye 
pypttpuma jecnucab" -j Sasp' mib jefmypeb* ^ pSp 
hyt pel jebec. 

piiS pa able Be man bcap^um hateB' f yp on up« 
5e|>eo!)e"' opepsytulnyp " cpeben jenim Jwp ylcan 
pjpte purao mib ecebe jepepebe bejeot; ponne (Ssene'* 
anbplaCan Step mib." 

PiJ* eajena bymnyppe'* ^enim Cjppe sylpan py'pte'* 
leaf sj-le etan p^^J^^^'''*™ "j ^y^^ ^f '* bpincan on 

PiS heapob ece jenim Bap ylcan pyptre pyle bpmcan" 
on pine cnnca'* ept ]>&y sylpan pjpte -j ppinj ^ pos 
on eceb" pmype** Conne f heafob ptejimib •" eac 
jieop pypt fpemf^** piC beafcfppinjap. 

Horeemint" xcii. 

pits eapena** eSpe jenim py'ppe pypte pos Jw** man 
mentalbpum 'j oCpum naman *" hate]) mib 

pCpanjon*' pine jemenojeb** bo on f eape J'cah 8a!)i*° 
been pypmap on aeennebe** hi" pujih" &ip pceolon** 
beon Scpealbe. 

' nusse, O. = t>icsaii, H. B. * ("JP^^. V. omilH. 

cnocobc, B. * t>»ni, H. • jjecnocob, B. ' >«p, B, 

' sqTneprt, H. B. ' hfc-, B. " -Mobc, B. " -n*r. B,; oi^. 

pecolaeri H. " Nine, B. " >ap, B. " 'frm H. 

" n'F* pypwn, B. I' hi5, B. " -c«, O. " onact, H. d 

V. it hera fretted BTay. '• ecebe ^,K. *• fineiia, B. " frap, B. 

* fpy""^- ^- " J'tufminEe, B., bj later hud. " espin, O. 

fbl. la. '^ ^txa pnrre por>, 0. " O. sapplies brocmince, and alten 
the text " Ibange, O. "Eenuenseeb, II.i ^eb, B. *)>>Pi 


3. For sore of the maw, take seed of this same 
wort and sulphtir and rinegar ; administer (fo the 
pati&nf) to eat, fasting. 

4. For Bore of eyes and swelling, take this same 
wort rue, well pounded, lay it to the sore, also the 
root pounded, and smear therewith ; it well amendeth 
the sore." 

-5. For the disease which is called' lethai^, and in 
our language is denominated foi^etfiilness or uitr- 
consdouaiieaB, take this same wort rue, washed, that 
ia, maeerated in vinegar, souse then the forehead 

6. For dimness of eyes, take leaves of this same 
wort, give them (to the suffers) to eat fasting, and 
give (i^em hvm) to drink in wiue. 

7. For head ache, take this same wort, give it to 
be drunk in wine ; again, pound the same wort, and 
wriDg (put) the ooze into vin^ar ; then smear the 
head therewith. This wort also is henefidal for car- 

Horsemint.^ xcii. Matiha »il- 

vettrit. BoL 
For sore of ears, take ooze of this wort, which is 
called mentastrum, and hy another name horsemint, 
mixed with strong wine, apply it to the ear; though 
worms be therein existing, they through this (applica- 
tion) shall be killed. 

* The idiom of the Saxon is not u 

" The painting, MS. V., fol. 43 b, is intended probably for 
horsenunt. In MS. Bodley, 130, glosaed " borseminte," but 
drawn wrong. 



Pit hjieoflou jemm Jj^fj-e ylcaa pype« Itay ayle 
etan jepiflics' he bi6 jehsaieb.' 

Piel yyffe* vel ellen pjpr. xcill. 

Pi8 ^ ftanaj" on blsebjian pexen* jeuim Jiaj" pypte 
]e man ebulum 'i o6pum naman ellen y^pce' nemne^ 
'J eac Bume' men peal pjpr haCaft' jecnnca hj* 
[-onne j-pa meappe mib hype leapum pyle bpmcaa on 
pine beo' fit anyhej)'" 6a untjiumnyppe." 

piB nfebbpan flite jenim )>ap ylcaji pjpce Jw pe 
ebulum nembim'* -j Sep J>am 6e J>u Iij" popceoppe 
healb hjf" on Jnupe hanba" -j cpe8 j^ipa" nijon pijian" 
omnef malaj- befnar canto • f yp Jionne on upe" j«- 
)>eo&e bepinj -j opepcum ealle ypele pilbbeop • popeeopp'" 
by'* Sonne mib fpyj'e pceappon pexe*" on ^jpy" bfeJap* 
•J Jja hpile J>e J)u 6ip b6-*' [jenc** be pam men )« jm 
Bffipmib" fiencft;*' to jelacnienne*" -j J^nne Jni ]faiion 
penbe*' ne bepeoh Jiu J>e na ■ mm Sonne ]>& pyptw *j 
cnuca hy*^ lege to pam flite pona he bi8 haJ. 

Pi]) psete]! yeocnyrfe jenim ^fyye ylcan pypte pypc- 
palan jecnuoube^ PPii^S ^"one Jraepop** ppa Jfet Jtu 
hiebbe Jwepop'" peopep pcenceap*' "j pinej" bealpne 

' Sep-, B. omits. - -hal-, 0. ' pilpnrr, B., bj l»l*r band. 

' rewuj-, n. ' pyi'=. H. ■ smnnn, H. ' hfc-, B.; barelS, H. 

■his, B. 'hco, B. "anjb-, B. ." -nen*, B. "-boo, B. 

" his, B., Wice. " Mnba, B. " tiiSpa, B. " piSoo, B. 

" fipe, B. " ro|iceoiije, H. " hig, B. " aeaie, H. " >i>ys, B. 
" t>6, B. «Iso. " tBDc, n. =' Hp, B, » fcrncfr, H. ■ £«!»»»- 
Sennr, B. H. " pent*, H. [ jirfobe, B. " hf, B, ■ jitenatObr, B. 
•• Hl», B,, twice. ■" rcKncBf. B. 

■ The old interpreter has omitted this. Vt scias in cuius 
BtcUte tutela natoH bib. Herbam mentastrum tolles mundns 
et in lint«olo mundo habeto, ct qusndo in pane cocio gr»- 


2. For leproaj, take leaves of tbis same wort^ iiosbeuikt, 
adnunister to be eaten ; auiely {the patiant) shall be ^^- '"^''■■ 


Wall wort, or Eldes wokt^ iciir. &™fri<™« 

tMta. Bol. 

1. In case that stones wax in the bladder, take 
this wort, which is named ebulum, and by another 
name elder wort^ or dwarf elder, and (which) also 
some men call wall woH; pound it then bo tender, 
with its leaves, administer it to drink in wine ; it 
forces out the infirmity. 

S. For rent by snake, take this same wort, which 
we named ebulam, and ere thou carve it off, hold it 
in thine hand, and say thrice nine times, Omnes 
malas bestias canto,^ that is, in our language, Enchant 
and overcome all evil wild deer ; then carve it off 
with a very sharp knife, into three parts ; and the 
while that thon be doing this, think of the man whom 
thou thinkest therewith to leech, and when thou wend 
thence, look not about thee ] then take the wort and 
pound it, lay it to the cut ; soon it will be whole. 

3. For water sickness, that is, dropsy, take roots of 
this same wort pounded ; wring then thereof, so that 
thou have of the ooze four draughts, and (add) a 

nam frumenti iDtegrum inveneris, simul cum herba punito, 
et precerie septem stellu, hoa eet Solem, Lanam, Martem, 
Hercurium, Icvem, Venerem, Satnmnm, et anb paluino 
pone, atqae roga ut tibi per quieten) OBteodBiit, in gqIub 
stetlffl tutela sis. 

" The drawing iu MS. V., fol. 43 c, is apparently meant for 
dwarf elder, as bo MS. Add. 17063. In MS. Bodley, 130, is 
also a rough likeness, with the glosses " walwort, daoewort, 
" wylde elder." Classical Latinity authorizes only ebalnm, 
but ebalua is fiivoured by the analogies. 

" Canto, Lat. 1526, but the English text has the verba in 
the imperativo. 


fefcep )*yle t>pincan isnne' on biej fa^ fjiemt^* 
m^clum* jtatn peetejifeocao. 

Gac* hyv bj'iinaD* healpoti" ;eape ealne ]>one peecan 
uc acyh)*. 

Dpeojije bpeoj-le. xcrv. 

Deo]- py'pc ^ maa poUejium ■] ofipnm naman 
hpeopje bpofle semne)) hnpS mib hype maoeja, Iteee- 
bomap J)eah hy' p^^ maima nS cunne •* )>oiine Jj )>eos 
pjjir Cpejea* oynna f ly p^p'" 1 pij: • 8e P^'* haj:a}> 
lip)t;e blolbman" <] ^ pip hajra)} peabe o\>^ bpune 
sejhpEB]>ep yf njtlic" ■j pimboplic -j hi" on him hah- 
ba]> punboplice mibre mib ]«m nuefcan bleo '* liy 
blopat>" fionne neahce o))pe pjpta )-c|iiiicb)> ■] peop- 

pij> Cief mndpef j-ape jenim Jjaj- ylcan ["Jpte pol- 
lejiiim ^ cymen cnnca Wj-omne mib pjeCepe *j le5e to 
bam napolan" yona he biB jehjeleb," 

Gft pi6 JjsBj* majan j>pe jenim Jjaj* pylfan pjpce 
pollejium cnaca hj" -j mib pastejie jeptepc" syle 
bpiDcan on ecebe hfv )>one pl8eU:^a jnep majan pel 

Pi"5 jicjjau )«epa*' jepceapa** jenim )«f y-lcan pyptc 
Beo6 on peallenbon ptecepe ler" Jwnne cohan j-pa c*f 
hyt** man bpmcan mte^e -j h;^ )fonne bpmce hyr je- 
lij'eja)' })one pc]>an. 

Gpc pj6 JfEB]* innoiSer j-ape Jieoj" i^lfe ffpx jrpenu^'* 
pel jeecan" ^ to J>am napolan" jeppi)>en fpa f heo*" 
Fpam ))am napolao peallan ne mteje*' pona heo ^ pSp 

pi6 Jiam** pepope |w ]»y 8pybban bseje on man 

' mie, n. B. = Fp)>in>^' H. * mieclu, B. • e*c, H. ' -non, B. 
• h««lpai.H. ' his, B- ' -nai, 0. ' CfwRP^ B. O. '• ptsp, H.. 

twice. ■■ blosnun, H. B. '* ncclic, H. >• hiK, B. " blto, B. 

" bl6p»1S, B. " -re!-, B. " -bM-., B. " his. B. " jepe*. 



half sextarius of wine ; admicister one a day to drink ; Wall wrt. 
it benefiteth mucli the watersick oj- dropaicai. 

4. Also, within half a year it drawetb oat all the 
dropsical humoar. 

Mentha puli- 
DwABF DWOSLE, Pennyroyal, xciv. gi™. Sot. 

1. This wort, which ia named pulegium, and by 
another name dwarf dwosle, hath with it many leech- 
doms ; though many of men ken them not. Further 
is this wort of two kinds, wer and wife, or male and 
female. The wer, or male, hath white blossoms, and 
the wife, or female, hath red or brown ; either is 
beneficial and wonderlike, and they have on them 
wondrous virtue. They blow with the greatest beauty 
when nearly other worts shrink and languish. 

2. For sore of the inwards, take this same wort 
pul^tuu, and cummin, pound together along .with 
water, and lay to the navel ; soon he, the patient, will 
be healed. 

8. Again, for sore of the maw, or atomach, take this 
same wort pulegium, pound and wash it with water, 
give to drink in vinegar ; it well relieves the nausea 
of the maw, or stomach. 

i. Against itch of the shape, or sexual parts, take 
this same wort, seethe it in boiling water, then let 
{this) cool, BO far as till a man may drink it, and let 
him then drink it; it relieves the itch. 

6. Again, for sore of the iuwardfi, this same wort 
profits well, eaten and tied down to the navel, so 
that it may not fall firom the navel ; soon it removes 
the sore. 

6. For a tertian, or the fever which cometb on a 

H. B.! jwf, O. » -es««, B, " |«ji8, B. » -rcapa, B. " l»c, a 
» hi, B. " n^i""'^' H- " B**"^ H. " -Tt\-, B. " he, B. 



became)) jenim J>yn'^ Jlcan pJjiM tpiju' bepealb on 
pulle freji' h^e )ffejimi6' eopopan* {lam timan ^ ye 
Fepoji hym to py'Ue • -j jyp hpa hjj* beapob nub J'Jrr^ 
pyjire onbuCan^ bepinbe)" beo f j-Sp ysej beapobep' 

Dyp beabbopen o^lb af on pip€p innoKe jenim ^fyye 
ylcan pJiice J^iy- cyjiap -J Jia pyn rape ppa by* ppj^wpr 
frincen cnuca' on ealbou"* pine s^le bpincan. 

GJp bpa on j-cipe pleetrcan Jiobje" jenime" ]»)• 
ylcan pypte polleian ^ peepmob'* cnucie'* Cosomne mib 
ele ■j mib ecebe finypije" byne I^Eepmib jelomlice. 

Jhfi bbebpan aape -j pi6 f pcanap Jiffipoo" pexen" 
jemm Jiap ylcan pypCe polleian pel jeonucabe'* ^ 
cpejen fcenceaj"'* pinep jemencj** coaomne pyle bpin- 
can pona peo blEebbeji ro pelpaxi jebpyppeS*' -j bmnan 
peapum bajum beo )* unrpuranyppe** ;ehielej> •] ]>a 
pcanap J»e jwep** on peaxejj ut** aoybeS. 

Qjp bpa onbutan** bip heopCan • oJ'J'e on hip bpeos- 
ron pap J>obe •** )>onne ete he fap ylcan pjpce pollemm 
•j bpmce by" jrseptenbe. 

Gyp bpylcnm men hpamma bejuje jenim l«ip ylcan 
jiypte ']'" tpejen pcenceap*' ecebep bjiince pteftenbe ;•*" 

pi6 jwep majan tojiunbennyppe" -j Jjtepa** inno}ia 
jenim J>ap ylcan pypee poUejium jecnacube** -j on 
pteCepe oiS^ on pine jepyllebc c^]>e )>upb by** pylpe 
syle Jacjean" pona byji peo uncpumnyp popleeCen.** 

' epigs, H. ' fcjp, B. • |wp, B. ' -jioa, B. 

' cmtnictm, B. ■ hnrt>e«, H. ' -cE'^i B. ' bis. B. 

• GDca, H. '* -bfto, B. " Mcc, H. " gium, H. " papmo, V.i 

jirpinob, H. " cnnca, H.; coocisc, B. " ItnepB, B. " ttp, B, 

" pe»x«t^ H. " ^teooMbe, B. " Mtnoas, H,; feaootq-, B. 

'fmiBDCs, H.; senuMic, B, " ^AptofijtiS, H.; sel^rftS, O- 

" -nerre. B. " t-^ B. ** 6e, B. " -wm, B. " Mise, 



man OD the third day, take twigs of this BBine wort ; 
fold them up in wool ; incense «« wit/t a oe^iaer, tlis 
patient, before the time when the fever will be upon 
him ; and if one windeth hie head about with this 
wort, it alleviates the sore of the head. 

7. If a dead-borne child be in a wifes or womans 
inwards, take three aprouts of thia same wort, and 
let them be new, so do they strongest scent, pound 
in old wine; give to drink. 

8. If any thole or endure nausea on ahipboard, 
let him take the same wort pulegium, and wormwood, 
let him pound them together with oil 'and with 
vinegar; let him smear himself therewith frequently. 

9. For sore of bladder, and in case that stones 
therein wax, take the same wort pulegium, well 
pounded, and two draughts of wine ; mingle together ; 
give to drink ; soon the bladder shall turn to a better 
(state), and within a few days the wort shall heal the 
infirmity, and shall force out the stones which therein 
are wasing. 

10. If any one about his heart or in his breast, 
thole, thai is, suffer sore, then let him eat this same 
wort pulegium, and drink' it fasting. 

11. If cramp annoy any man, tt^e the same wort 
and two cups of vinegar; let him drink &sting. 

12. For swelling of the maw and of the inwards, 
take this same wort pulegium, pounded, and boiled in 
water or in wine, or give it to be swallowed by itself; 
soon shall the infirmity be removed. 

■ Only glutiat. Lat., 1528. 

H. B. " his, B. " ^, V. omits. " bccdou, H.j rcMiur. B 

" T^pseiibe, H, " ^iobeotTTn, B. " ¥*P^ B. " sccuowte, B 

" his, B. ** Mc5«D, B.; t^n^caii, H, ■■ uncpamoeiK rorilnun 

H.; -utT piiiMBen, B. 



pi]> milraa j-ape jemm )»)• ylcan pypCe polleinm 
]*eo6 OD ecebe fyle bpmcan Tpa peapm. 

JhJ) l6i^>ena' ece -j pi6 )>Eejia' ^veoQii. j-ape jenim 
]»)• ylcan pypce polleium -j pipop tes^ipej" jelice micel 
be jepihte coaca rosorone ^ ))oiuie ^ on btejw sj- 
finyjie' }>eeptnib* J«bji* hyt fpyjwfc bepije. 

Nepce. xcv. 

Daj' ' pyjtte " man nepiramou ■j oJ>pum' o&man 

nepre nemne^ ^ eac jjiecaf hy^ menCe ojunon Lata]'. 


J>iji mebpan plice jenim ]«}■ pypre* be pe nepi- 

ramon nembun'" cunca mib pine ppin; ^one f poj- 

^" Byle'* b]iiDcaD on pine" -j jenim eac )>a leap" 

Mrr* sylpui Pyp'^^ jecnucube" leje txi l)8epe'* punbe. 

Cammoc. XCVl. 
^fig., v.. Da,], p^te" inan peucebanum ■j ofipiim naman cam- 
hojd to be moc'* nemne]>. 
S^r Ne)*|,e. 

Deof pjfpt: Jie pe peucebanum nembun" maej nsebpan 
mib hype fptece*" ajriian." 

Pib nsebpau flite jemm Jiap ylcan pypCe i)euceb«nuin 
^ betonicam ^ heopCef fineopup** o^be" f meaph -j 
eeeb bS cosonme leje )>oime to JisBpe** punbe he bi6 

pib ]» able )>e jpecap ):])enej*ip nemna£ f ly oa upe 

' Innb-, B. * i>*T'^ V.; taps, B. ' fmepB, B. ' >^, B., twice. 
V. is here defective. ■ Seof, H. ■ jiypce ; Altered Imt« to 

pjjit fre, B. 'on uiHun, H. ' hij. B, • pjre, 0. 

'* nenfcnn, V.j nembnn, H.; -bon, B. " ^, B. omits. " fait, O. 

" Dub t>ui pme, O. " l^f, B.; O. alters b little. '■ secnobe, V.; 

SKDocobe, B. '* irajit, fi. O. " A meddling hud hai 

Inserted > into j77ice,in B. " cammnc, H. " -bon. B.; nnmbaa, H. 


13. For aore of milt, or spleen, take this same wort 
pul^um, seethe ia Tinegar, give it so wann to 

14. For adie of loins and sore of the thighs,' take 
thia same wort pul^um, and pepper, of eitiier alike 
mnch by weight ; pound together, and when thou be 
in the bath, smear therewith, where it most troableth. 

Nepte.'> Gaiffmmt. xcv. iV«p« 

This wort is named nepata, and by another name 
nepte, and also the Qreeks call it x«\aft.(v^ iftiv^. 
BroAimig of a anake. MS. V., foL 44 d. 
For bite <^ snake, take this wort, wiiich we named 
nepeta; pound it with wine, wring (mit) then the 
ooze, and give it to drink in wine ; and take also the 
leaves of this same wort ponnded, lay them to the ■ 

Cammock. xcvl , „ 

, qglemale. Bat. 

1. This wort is named «tuxiSavo;, and by another 
name cammock. 

Dravmig of a enake, fol. 45 a. 

2. This wort, which we named peucedanus, has the 
power to put to flight snakes by its smelL 

3. For bite of snake, take this same wort pence- 
danus, and betony, and grease or the matrow of a 
hart, and vin^ar ; put them together, then lay them 
to the wound ; the patient wiU be healed. 

4. For the disease which the Qreeks name ^nn|<ri;,<^ 

*' Ad Bctam (to) vel coxaram dolorem. Lat, 152S. So 
that dUffk iim§t include hip. 

«• Drawn fairly well in MS. V., fol. 44 d. 
<" Am Celsns, lib. iii. c. 18. 

" •rlisin, B. 
" SelBcnnb, H. 



jejjeobe jepiclej^' Jjsej" mobe]" ^ hfp iSonne ^ heapoti 
fipeallen b^)> jemm f^tone faj' ylcan p^te peuce- 
banum cnuca on ecebe bejeoc ponae f heapob ]>tej«m6* 
h^ fpemaj'* healice. 

8pepe pypt. icvil. 

S. V. o. J?i)S bltebjian j-ajie jemtn ^r pypte )» man* humula 

ng ffm » oampana -j oj^pum naman ipepe pyp^ Qemne)) ■] 

'■ mejicef steb -j eojitS niajdan* *) pnulej*' pyjicpalan cnuca 

cosomue eyie yonae pliec bpincan foeajtplice hyc 

pi6 Coja j»pe -j papmje' jenim |)ftf ylcan pyj)Ce 
s^le etau FEejTeifi)am beo ]>a t;e)> jetpymeS. 

Jh6 ^ ymb )<8eiie napolan'" syn pen; pypmar jemin 
^I* ylcao pypte hinnulap cnuca on |&e l«;e ro )>am 

Bibbe. xcnn. 
Q^sj^**"" fiftf pypce J»e man" c^ojloffam ^ o^um Hainan 
pibbe nemne]> ^ by" eac" fume men linpiam cani]- 

pilS mebpan phce Jieof pjpc )»€ pe cjnojlon-am nem- 
bun" pel fpema'S" jecnucub" ^ on pme jejiijeb. 

pi€ ]>am" pepope ■& )>y" )»op^aD bseje on man 
becymej)"* jenim ^j" ylcan pypte cynojlojTam Sa J)e 

' -l«qT, B. ' J>«B, H. • tap, B. ' jpaoulS, H, * E. omitt 
>t dmh, inaerti ylcan. ' UBreUii, B. ' piwler. B. ■ jcpwuV. H. 
* }«5iiiiSe, B. B. omiu fbnr vordi. "wiflin.H.i Mrdan, B. 

■< H. omiu )-e man. Both V. and B. irrite K *U^ i* not wanted. 
" his, B. " eia, H. " -boa, B. ■• fptm, H., with tnalS 

written over. " secDocab, B. " >aQ, H. " Hb< B. 

■* bec7ia«, B. H. The fblioa of H. tunt been 111 pot together, we paa* 
here from IT b. to 50 a, fbnr words being mUaiog. 



that is, in our language, witlesanesa of the mind, Gakhock. 
whioh is when the head ia on fire ; then take this *^ "*""■ 
same wort peucedanus, pound it in Tin^ar, then 
sonse the head with it; it henefita hif^^.' 

SpEABWOET. ICVIL /„«Jairf„™«. 

1. For sore of bladder, take this wort, which is ^°'' 
named inula campana, and by another name spear- 
wort, and seed of marche, and roots of earth navel or 
aspamgiiB, and of fennel, pound together, then give 

it to drink lukewarm; it benefits sharply. 

2. For sore and looseness of teeth, ti^e this same 
wort, give it (to tiie sufferer) to eat &Hting; it 
steadieth the teeth. 

3. In case that about the navel there be round 
worms, take this same wort elecampane, pound it in 
wine, lay it to the inwards. 

RlBWOaT. XCVIU. PLatago fan- 

1. This wort, which is named *viiy\»9cttr^ and by 
anothOT name rib, and tdso some men call it linguam 
canis. {Sentemx incomplete.) Snake." 

Drawmg of a andke. 

2. For bite of snake, this wort, which we named 
cynogloasnm, is of good advantt^, poonded and 
swallowed in wine. 

3. For a qaa/rta/n ague, or the fever which oometh 
on a nian on the fourth day, take this same wort 

' The Latin, ed. 1526, uses througfaout the feminine form 
vnwAoMf ; the Englieh interpreter had a dMerent texL 

*■ OfnogloBBK, Lat., ed. 1528. Bat Ribwort is Arnoglosenin. 
In MS. Bodley, 130, glosaed " Hnndestonga," and fwthfiiUy 
drawn. What remains of the ontline in MS. T., and the 
neat figure in MS. A., foL 45 a, might have been &om nature, 
for Am<^lownm. 

c Irdended u a direotioa to the onumeutator. 




]:eojwp leap heebbe cnuca hf syle bpincan on pottrejie 
heo ftlyfe]) ]>one man, 

pi)> Ssejia* eayiena unnyrlicii;yyfe 'j pS ]> man pel 
jehJimn* ne nueje jenim Jmij- j-lcan pypte cjnojlojyam 
jecnucube* ^ on ele jeplaehte' bpype on ^' eajie 
pimbojilice hyr luele]>. 

8anlxx>pn, xcix. 

,, £>eos y^pt tSe man )'ai:i}:pasam ^j o})[)um naman 
jTinbcopn nemneB bJJ> cenneb' on buuum -j on fien- 
ihrum* pcopmn. 

Pi6 ^5 pana]- on blfebpan pezen jenim ]?ap pJpCe 
^ pe faxippajani nembim.' cnuca on pine pyle bpincui 
pam Jwlijenban'" *] 6ani jepejijenban on peapmam 
pttnrepe fpa aabpeapb" beo yp Jitep (?e ij- aieb op &m J« 
liij- apanbebon" f beo Jjj- ^Ican beeje ]«, fcani^- pop- 
bpyc5 *j by" ut" acybS -j pone man co byj- hade 

eop6 Jps." c. 
fiB J> rranas on bljebbpan'" pexen jenmi J>Jrpe 
pypre )>e man bebepon nijpan -j o)>pam naman e<^6 
ip; nemne)) peopon bepian o56e enblufon" on pterepe 
jejnibene pyle bpincau punbcqibce beo** fcan^' on 
JiiBpe" bitebpan jejabepaS -j hj to bpidS** -j J>apli 
misfan uc atyhS. 

pi6 heapob sap** jemm Jiap ylcan pypce hebepam-j 

'his, B. '«ap»,B. 'sehJiMn,B. ' s«aw>«>&e. B. 

' -pleh-, B. • ot, B. ' oienneb, B. ' Itemsom, H. B- 

• -bon, B. " -»>u, H. B. " tnpBbe, H., on an tmmre ; ufcjx^tb, 

a were Lntinigm, nffended the laler owner of tike US. " -bob-, B. 

" hw, B. " uc, B. " -li«)-. B. " «niSIoi, B., fcy later haDd. 



cyDogtoasom, that one (naTndy) which may have four Bibwubt. 
leaves, pound it, give it to diink in water ; it releases 
the man. 

4. For uselessDesB of the ears, and in case that a 
man may not hear well, take this same wort c^o- 
glossum, pounded, and in oil made lukewarm, drip it 
oa the ear; wonderfully it healeth. 

StJMDCOBN. XCII. Sa^ifraga 


1. Thie wort, which is named sazi&age, and by 
another name suudcom, is produced on downs and in 
stony places. 

2. In case that stones wax in the bladder, take 
this wort, which we named .saxifrage, pound it in 
wine ; give it to the sufierer to drink, and to the 
feverish in warm water, so present, t}tat is, in the 
Laiin sense, effective, it is, that of it, it is said, by 
those who have tried it, no/tndy the eapervmevi, that 
it, nam^ the wort, breaketh to pieces the calculi the 
same day, and tuggeth them out, and leadeth the 
man to his health. 

ii^TH r/Y," C. Ghehoma 


1. In case that stones wax in the bladder, take Bot. 
seven or eleven berries rubbed amall in water of this 
wort, which is named hedera nigra, and by another 
name earth ivy, give them to drink; wonderfully it, 
wvmdy the laort, gathereth the calculi in the bladder, 
and breaketh them to pieces, and tuggeth them out 
by means of the urine. 

2. For head sore, take this same wort hedera, and 

» The figure in MS. V. is Hedera Aelix. 

1* -bpan, H. " bdIdjsd, H. ; entibFene, B. ** heo ^t, B 
" bpinctl, V. and H, befbr« eMTeetion; l6 bjiinsV, B. 


posan po8 on pine jepe{*efa' fmype' )>onne )ia tSunjKinga 
•j tone aiibplacan f j^p jeliBijB.]>.' 

Pi6 milcan sape jenim )>y]'i'e ylcan* pyjiCa cjioppaj* 
SBjiepi:* J^iy*" set o)))iuin faela pip* ret Jam J^jiybOan 
j'sele Beofone • set {)iun jpeop^ian cyjijie ni^on ■' nc ))am 
ppCau cyppe* enMupoQ •' ter ]>am fixcaa cyppe Jjpeo- 
tyne •" -j set Jiam feopofam cyppe piptyne-" ■j set Jwm 
ehteo])an" cyppe peopncyNe • •] sec fam nijo^an cyppe 
nijouryne • see ]>am teo]»D paele fin" -j cpencij •'* yjle 
bpincan bEejbpainlice on fioe ;yp he jwone on pepope 
py pyle bpincau on peapmnm peecepe myoelon be by)> 
jebec -j jefcpanjob. 

pi8 JxEpa" pypma plire ye man spalanjionej* nemne'S 
jenim J>yj'pe pylpan pypte peap Jijep pypcpalan }?e pe 
hetiepam nernbun" s^le bpmcan. 

6pC pits ])£epa" punba lacnnnje jenim yaj ylcan 
pfpte BeoB on pine leje Co J>am pimbTun;." 

Jh]) ^ nsepjjjplu Jpele ftincen" jenim {lyppe fl;^]paQ 
pypCe Beap • pel ahlyTpeb** jeoc on jja Meppyplu, 

Pifi Jiffipa" eapena imnyrlicny(re -j pi6 J> man ne 
nueje pell*" jeh^pan" jemm ^y^e ylcan pypce peap 
fj^Jw dsene mib pne bpype on )ia eapan** he bi^ 

yip ^ beapob ne ace pop punnan hnCan jenim Jiyppe 
Bylpan pypte leap fyy^e boej-ce cnuoa on eoebe fmype*" 
ftonne ]>one anbplatao |>spnub'' eao bye ppema))* on- 
jean* ale paf ** Jw }>am heapobe" bepef. 

I -pSr-, B, ' ftnnia, B. ' -e^V, B. ' ylin, V. • npofb, B 

■ hpiSi B. * Bisone, H. * eipe, B. * KDblfifOn, H.; enbLfon, B 

" -ccjne, B. " prtene, B. " c>htot>Hi, B. " ia, B 

" cpeoBi, B. " Hv*- B. " -twn, B. " >^ia, B. " ponbon, V 

<* -DMB, B. " -n^cb, B. " Oqu, B. ** )>d, H. ** ^fjian, B 



ooze of rose extracted in wine, then smear the temples Earth r 
and the forehead; it relieves the sore. " 

3. For sore of milt, or spleen, take heads' of this 
same wort, &t firEt, three ; the second time, five ; the 
third time, seven ; th« fourth time, nine ; the fifth 
torn, or tiToe, eleven ; the sixth time, thirteen ; 
the seventh time, fifteen ; the eighth time, seventeen ; 
the ninth time, nineteen ; the tenth time, one and 
twenty; give to drink daily in wine, then, if he, 
the patient, be in a fever, give it hitn to drink in 
warm water; much he is amended and strengthened. 
DroAvinga like homed lotnteta ; lege, eight ; 
wvnga, two. 

i. For bite of the worms, or creeping tki/nga, which 
are named faxiyyia, tarantulas,^ take juice of the 
root of this same wort, which we named hedera ; give 
to drink. 

5. Ag»n, for healing of the wounds, take this same 
wort, seethe it in wine, lay it to the wounds. 

6. In case that the nostrils smell ill, take juice of 
this same wort, pour it well refined into the nostrils. 

7. For unprofitableness of the ears, and in case that 
a man may not well hear^ take juice of this same 
wort, very clean, with wine, drip it on the ears ; he, 
the sufferer, will be cured. 

8. That the head may not ache for heat of sun, 
take leaves of this same wort, very nesh, or tender, 
pound them in vinegar, then smear the forehead 
therewith. It also is of benefit against every sore 
that vexeth the head. 

* Grana, Latin text. 

*> Some pretend ^atJrfjm are not taraotiilae. 

-nob, B. " flnypa, B. " ^Kft, B 
" j^ H. ■' hckFbe, B. 



Op jane. ci. 

pt% }>Eer heapobep' sape {emm Jvypi^ VTP^ eaeap ])e 
man j^ppillnm -j o)>pum naman opjane nemne]* •j ele 
"j jebffipneb* j-ealc Co fyy}^' fmalan bufce jebpyc 
jemenjc* ealle co somne fm;^e' ]i heapob jieepmib* 
hyt: by|) haL 

Gpc yiH heap3b ece genim {laj* ylcan pypCe feppillum 
jefobene cnuca on ecebe finype' jjffipnub* )»a Siinponja 
^ )>one anbplatan. 

Oip hpa popbtepneb By jenim ])ap ylcan pypte pep- 
piUum 'j fepc))pote Kmne' ppib -j anpe yntlkn" je- 
pihce jeppyppep oj: seolppe -j popan" ]^eopa yncpena" 
jepihce jepuna jwnne call eosoinne on anum mojicepe 
60 '■ ]K»nne 6iepto" pex -j healpep puobep jepihce 
bepan fmepupea" -j heoptenep" peoiS ealle" cosomne 
peopma hyc -j leje Co Jiam bsepnerce." 

Pepmob. cii. 
fieos pjrpc Jie man abpinchium -j o))pum namau 
pepmob nemnefi" byp cenneb*" on bejanum fcopum ^ 
on banum*' -^ on l^nilicum** pcopum. 

P]& ^ man leela -j o6pe a£p op licbamau jebo" 
jemm pap pJpCe abpnchium peo8 on peecepe bo poone 
on anne** daB leje co Jam sape jyp ]K>ime ae lichoma" 
meapu" py peoB on hunije'' leje Co Jiam pape.** 

• hMfteri H. B. » -nee, B. * tip^ut, H. 

-nuHis.B. *rmJp»,B, ' Upmih, K-j ^ap, B. ' rmjpft, B. 

* Hpi B. ' •OTIC, H. " jscrciu, H., with Durti of enrare. 

■■ liarui, B. "7n})reDii,H.i yubbiB., aceSt-Mirhareteip. 87, Mt. SO. 
" bfi, B. " Hp, B. " -ppef, B. '■ hfjicniq-, H. " fS, H.; 

e»l, B. " Wanting In the I«tin texta. " penmob nannct), O., md 

hcTB itop* Ae Mntence. " cwineb, H. B. " btati, B. " ftBai- 

lismn, altered bj tnmif to Itaunsom, H.; -Disam, B. " 5*66. H. B.; 

Setxa r 0., vhich omits a line. " wine, H. B. " -hama, B. 

" -pnp, B. " -niE, B. " ftijie, O. 


Oegany,' WUd Tnarjoram, CI. OHgoHum 

1. For sore of the head, take juice of this wort 
which is named aerpyllum, and bjr another name 
iptiy»Kr, and oil, and hnmt salt, hmise it to very 
small dust, mix all together, amear the head therewith ; 
it shall be whole. 

2. Agftin^ for the head ache, take this same wort 
aerpyllum, sodden, pound it in vinegar, smear there- 
with the temples and the forehead. 

3. If one be badly burnt, take this same wort 
serpyllnm, and ashtliroat, or vervain, one bundle, and 
by weight of one ounce of the filings of silver, or 
litha/rge, and rosea by weight of three oimces, then 
pound all together in a mortar, than add thereto 
wax and of grease of bear and of hart, by weight 
of half a pound, seethe all together ; purify it, and 
lay it to the bum. 

WOBHWOOD.^ CII. Arttmimt at 

linthinm. i 

1. This wort, which is named abdnthium, and by 
another name ware-moth, or worrmoood, is produced 
in cultivated places, and on downs, and in stony 

2. In order that a man may remove from the body 
weals and other sores, take this wort absinthiutu, 
seethe it in water, then put it on a cloth, lay it 
to the sore ; if then the body be tender, seethe it in 
honey ; lay it to the sore. 

■ The figure in MS. V., fol. 46 c, has root, stems and buds 
with swelling calyces, but no leaves. It ia quite unlike the 
herb. MS. A., fol. 46 b, has the same as V. 

^ The distiDGtive features of wormwood may be recognized 
in MS. T. and MS. A., fol. 46 b : not so weU in MS. V., 
foL 45 d. 



PiB f p*»5 pjpmar ;^inbe' paae najrolan* bepijen* 
jenim ]»)■ Jlcan pjpte* abpnthiam ^ hte]\e himan' 
■j elechtpum' eelpa jelice mjcel fleo6 on jcfpettum 
pffirejie' oj)]** on pine leje tupa c*6e' Jvpipa co J:am 
napolan hyt: ope])> ]>a p^jimap, 

Salme. cm. 

Pi6 pojjan |«epa" jepceapena" jenim Jjaj* pypte fie 
man fsluian nemneS seofi on psecepe -j mib )mn 
pierepe finype" J>a jepceapn." 

epc pi6 jiclmn Jiajf aeclep ^enim J>ap ^Ican pjpte 
palpian'* feo5 on pserepe'* -j mib ]iam psecepe bej>» ^ 
petl h^e jelifiijatS Sone jic)>an healicft 

Celenbpe. crv. 
PiC ^ pen; pypmap ymb'* Cone nafolan pexen 
jenim ]>af pypn )ie man colianbpam •j ofipum naman 
}«un jelice cellenbpe nemneS peofi on ele to ]>pybban 
bsele bo to ]«im pape -j eac" ro Sam heapobe." 

Pi6 ^ pip hpttblice eennan'" nueje** jenim fyrr^" 
ylcan colianbpan pieb enblupon^ copn oS5e )>peocryne" 
onyce mib anum Cpsebe" on anum cbenan** Imenan** 
cla])e nime iSonn^ an*' man J»e ay** mEejShabep*' man- 
cnapa oype nuejbeu "j healbe set yam pynjTpan ]>eo 
neah J>am jepealbe "j pona fpa call seo** jeeacnnn;" 

' yb, H., ai in KsrretiTiiicnlte, p. 7a, alund to ymb; einb«, O. ' u- 

frlaii, B.; hifIbDi by ^"t '■''■'^ ^ ' txpien, H.i-an, O. ' ryrc, t>. 
> hunau, B.; ban hnus, O. ' dehcpui, H. B. (X ' pnotit, O. 

' oVSn, 0, * obSSfC, O. " |«pk, B. " K«F*I«. B-i 

^erciapa, H. ; cf. St. Marbarete, p. 87, art SO. " pnjia, B. 

" -jvapo, B. " ralman, B. " T, omila four words. '• jb, H. 

" eic, H. " hMibe, B. '• cwnnaii, B. H. ■ at 

m«B. H. ; m»s, V. " J«r. H- " mbliiwi, B. - -trtoe. B. 

" tpAbc B.J 1Sp«Ve, H. "cUotn, B. " Imoian, H. omilc, 

-iin,B. "in,B. "rJ.B- "-hfc-.B. "jAi.B. 


JLFTUm. S19 

8. In case that round ■worms are tronblesome about Wowiwood. 
the navel, take this same wort absinthium, and hore- 
hound, and electre, that ia, lupins, alike much of all, 
seethe in aweatened water or in wine, lay ii twice 
or thrice to the navel ; it killeth the worms. 

Salvia, Sc^e» an. ■ ^"'^^ ^"^ 

1. For itching of the shapes, or the verenda, take 
this wort, which is named salvia, or aage, seethe it in 
water, and with the water smear the shapes. 

2. Again, for itching of the settle, or seat, take 
this same wort salvia, seethe it in water, bathe the 
settle ; it will relieve the itching in a high degree,'' 

COBIAJTOEB." CIV. Coriandnm 

mtimim. Bol. 

1. In case that round*' worms wax or grow about 
the navel, take this wort, which is named coriander, 
and by another name like that, cellender, seethe in 
oil to the third part ; apply it to the sore, and also 
to the head. 

2. In order that a wife, that is, a woma/n, may 
quickly bring forth, take seed of this same coriander, 
eleven grains or thirteen, knit them with a thread on 
a clean linen cloth ; let then a person t^e them who 
is a person of maidenhood, a boy or a maiden, and 
hold Uiia at the left thigh, near the natura, and so 
soon as all the parturition be done, remove away 

• Salvia, Bot is figured in MS. V., fol. 47 a. Newly the 
Btme figure is in MS. A., MS. G. 

*■ Wanting in Latin text. 

<" The Sgnre is wholly decayed in MS. T. No diatinguish- 
ing muk of coriander can be seen in MS. Add. 17063, 
fol. 47 a. 

' Round worms are akin to tape worms. 



jefeSn beo bS' soiia Jwae becebom ape;* Jjy bej* Jwer 
mnoSe]- bsel Jwp* seftep filije. 

Pi6 ]^61icQe jrlepaan^ JjfBj" fashep yjieini^' pel J»e08 
pyjir pe man pojicUca -j oS|ium naman 
nemne|>" (ej^p ;e Jjuph hy' fjlpe jejujeb* je eac' 
nii6 oyjixan bpenceoN," 

EeappUe." CVL 
JhC Jise]" majan j-ape jemm ^^jye yyj^'^ J* man" 
cepeFoliam *] o]>pum naman ])am jebce cepfille nem- 
nej)" 6py" qioppaj- ppa jpene -j bpcopje bpoj-lan 
cnuca on anum cpypenan'" mopcepe ^ anne^* cncalepe 
polne amepebep hrnujej- -j jpene popij pjll Cosomne 
yfle Sicjeao ■" liyr ^ne majan hp«e6hoe jefepanja^. 

Bpocmmce. cvii. 
JhlS )«epe'* blsebbpaii j-ape *] pi6 ^ man jemijan'* 
ne mteje ^enmi fiyf^e pyjite pos ^ man ppmbpium 
■] o|>pum naman bpocminre nemneir pyle )iam )>oIijen- 
ban on peapmum piecepe Bicjean* jyj: he pepopjenbc*' 
ry Syp ^® J^nne ne jy j-yle him on pme bpmcan 6u 
hine jelacnurt** punboplice. 

> after bo, man inaeited, II. ■ ipes, H. ■ Jaji, B. 

' flffjia, H. * j^isnuS, II. ' dciiiqI'G, H, ' his, B' 

* -Hs-- B. ' cac, H., omilting s^, " -cod, B.; bpAacroo, H. 

" cerfUle, B. by l»ter haDd. " tain, H, " ~ntX, B. " J>pi5, B. 

" riijpeama, H, '* niiii«, B, " iv^m, H. B. '• J«|ii, B. 

" Re, B, omitt. ■ ISicsan, H. B. " rcrpi^rnbe, B. » -atj^ B. ; 
Sdienoft, H. 


the leechdom, lest port of tlie inwards follow tiiere- Cobiahdgr. 
after. '^"- *''■ 

Purslane.* cv. Fortuiaca 

taliva. BoL 
For violent gonorrhoea, this wort is <^ good 
advantage, which is named porcilaca, or pwrslane, 
and bj another name , either swallowed by 

itself or also with other drinks. 

Chervil.*' cvl 

For sore of the maw or stomcuJi, take three heads 
of this wort, which is named cerefolium, and bj 
another name like that, chervil, bo green, and dwarf 
dw(»le, or pewayroyal, pound thvm in a treen ot' 
wooden mortar, and a spoon foil of spoilt honey, and 
a green poppy, boil them, together; give them to be 
swallowed, it then quickly strengtheneth the maw. 

Bbookkikt.<^ cvil a 

For sore of the bladder, and in case that a man 
may not mie, tAot ie, paaa water, take ooze of thiR 
wort, which is named aivvuPfwv, and by another name 
brookmint, give it to the sufferer to swallow in warm 
water, if he be feverish ; if however, he be not, give 
it him to drink in wine ; thou wonderously doet cure 

* This article is iriiollj wanting in the Latin teztH. The 
figure in MS. V. has perished. 

^ See art. lxxxvt. The drawings belonging to the two 
articles are totally unlike. The figure in MS. A., fol. 47 b, 
has traces of long seed pods ; MS. Y., fbl. 47 c, has lozenge 
leaves only. 

' The figure in MS. Y^ fol. 47 d, was probably intended for 
thifl plant. 




ne miejfl j^i^^^ ^T VfP^^ }^ man olifaVpum ■* ^ 
o^uin namau nenme)? cnoca on jepyUeban* 

pne j-yle bjimcaD beo (tone' nujOan mihtelLOe s«bet. 



Bar pfpr 


like -j 





J7i6 us^jian flire ;eium y«j- p^te ^ pe Iilium 
nembon' -j bulbum }>a* p^pce 'Sa man eac* o))[tnm 
uamaa halfp^pr haee^'° cnuca t^isonme syle bpincan • 
mm ]>onne bulbum ]>a p^pce jecnucobe" leje tjo ^am 
j-liCe he bj^ jebsel^." 

piC jefpel" jenim lilian leaf jeonacube'* leje Co 
])am jefpelle jrceapphce h;^ hsBle)> ^ ^ S^rP^' 3^* 

Laecepiba. ex. 
BeoB p^c ))e man nc^mallof calacictf ^ <^am 
naman lacCepiban nenm^ biC oenneb" on pacnm" 
fcopum 'J on oppum. 

' |>Bpe, B.; Hi^O., fbl. 16. ' min, H. 'HtpyRtnuci 

ohaftrik, 0. ' -ebu, H. O. ' J-rae, O. ■ V. ii iUe^le, tat 

the spsce reqnires bo 11IBD7 letterg ; )i%j pyjice )t nun epmioD, B. (uplvor); 
Scoa py^iE ('Se iiuerfcif) man otl>u aunan lilinm nemnelt, H. ' -ticm, B. 
■ Iw, B. • cio, a " nmaxte, B. " SMVnbc, H, wUeh 

may be a contraction ; SMoocobe, B. " birilS, B. " Ad InxBia, 

Lat , andentaod fuiatum ; not ao oar interpreter. " gwaoeobt, B. 

'* -csalS, B. " cuneb, H. B. " fncom, H.i r«eu, B. 

■ The printed Oleutrom, Lat. 152B, ii an error, PUniaa, 
XX. 46. I see no reaemblance in the fignree MS. T., £bL 48 a, 
MS. A., fol. 48 a. In MS. T., it is weU meant. 


^ain, for sore of the bladder, and ia caae that a 
man is not able to mie, or pose water, take this wort, 
which is named olusatrum, and by another name 
horse paralei/, pound it in boiled vine, administer to 
drink J then it mightily amends the urine. 

I*ILT> cix. 

1. This wort is named \iSpm, and by another name 


Dnwnng of a snake. 

2. For bite of adder, take this wort, which we 
named lily, and the wort bulbu8,<= which is also 
called by another name hals wort, pound together, g^ 
give to drink ; then take the wort bulbus, lay it to 
the bite, it will be healed. 

3. A^nst Bwelliog, take poa^ded leaves of lily, 
lay them to the sweUing; it he^eth sharply, effectually, 
and relieves the swelling. 

1. This wort, which is named rt^MAAo; y»K«iK- Uttigru. 
rtT^i,(J)^ and by another name lacterida, is produced ^^J"^^-) 
in wet places and on shoree.^ 

^ The lily in MS. V., fol. 48 a, is good ; flowers blue ; they 
are blue aUo in the Vienna HS. of Dloakorides. 

< Herbte lili! bulbum couterito et in potn dabie ; aut ipeum 
butbum tritiim morsui apponos. Iiat. 

^ Of the sorts Koskoridca and Plinius, ixvi. 40, teqq., do 
not mention Calatites. The printed Latin text has only 
'nthjmalua. For the identification see Dorsten, fol. 286, 
Cooper in Titbymalns, Flora Britannica. MS. V., fol. 48 b, 
nearly coincides with MS. Bodley, 130, in the figure, quite 
unlike Spurge. The latter MS. has a gloss Hntelwwt ; the 
figure is nowise like Arum maculatom. 

■ Tithymalum nostri herbam lactariam vocant 

Nascitur in asperis maritimie. Plin., xxvi. 40. 



Pi6 ^pa' innc^ fape ;eium Yfyje pjpce |^ib 
nrymalh cnuca on pme npa f ^sej* pinej* ayn cpejen 
pcenceaj"' bo ]>otme op Jwepe* pypte J«Bp porep Jjiepro* 
cpejen cuculepap pulle bpmce ISonne psefcenbe he by)> 

PiB peapCan jenim (iyppe ylcan pypte meolc' -j 
cluf^unjan' pos bo t:o )>sQpe' peaptan ]>y ^bban' 
bffi^e hyr ]>a peapcan ^ebsele^. 

]?i6 hpeoplau jenim S^ppe aylpan Vf\*^ cpoppas 
mih t:Jppan ^epobene sm^pe' Jwep'" mib. 

Pubu J>ifcel. CXL 

"Deop pypc 6e maa capbuum syloacicam -j o)ipam 
naman pnbu Sifcel nenm^ biS ceenneb on nuebum ^ 
pi6 pejap. 

pi6 }«ep majan sape ;emm J>ap ylean'* pypte ^e pe 
capbaum pilnaticum nembun'* 6one cpop upepeapbne 
ppa meapune** ^ ppa jpenne" B;^Ie Jncjean" on je- 
fpetton" ecebe hjc sdifiijatS" pa. pajinyp-e." 

Pi{> ^ 6u nane ypele jeancymap Se ne onbpsbe 
jenim pay ylcan pypte capbnum pilpaticum on eepne 
mepjen ))onne peo sunne sepefi; upjanje*" -j ^ sj*' 
ponne pe mona ay" in cappicopnu •] healb hj** mib pv 
spa** lanje p])a 6u hy** mib J»e bypfc nan piht ypelep 
J>e ot^ean cymeft," 

' (>sp«, H. ' pMac*T> B- ' t*J"' B. ' Hp, B. ' meolAc, H. 

* -Nncan, B. ' tape. B. • ^piiibiB, H, ■ nn^jia, B, 
•■ tap, B. " This puagraph is illegible In V. ■< Vlcan, H.. bat B. 

omiU. " -bon, B, " nicapiijnw, H.,snd omila^. "spmr, H. 

"Jrcsan, H, B. " -ecu, B. " -*S8«, B. '• -nerfe. B. 

■ Up, H. 'I rJ. B., twice. ° hij, B. = apft, H. « bij, B. 
" nt, insened in H. beftire cymell. 


2. For 8ore of the iuwardfi, take a ahrub of this Lactkhidi. 
wort tithjmallus, poimd it in wine, so that of the Art. ex. 
wine there be two draughts, add ttien thereto two 
spooDfl fiill of the ooze of the woi't, let him then drink 
this fasting; he will be healed. 

S. Against warts, take milk of this same wort and 
ooze of doffing, apply to the wart; the third day itseearLn, 
healeth the warts. 

4. Against leprosy, take heads of this same wort, 
sodden with tar, smear therewith. 

Wood thistle.* cxi. 

, which is called cardaas 
by another name wood or wild thistle, is gotten in «"*. P- 5^. 
meadows and along ways. 

2. For sore of the maw or stomach, take so tender 
and so green, the upward part of the head"* of this 
same wort which we named carduus silvaticus, ad- 
minister it in sweetened vinegar; it relieves the 

3. In order that thou may dread no ill gaincomers, 
take this same wort carduus silvaticus, in early 
morning, when first the sun npgoeth ; and let that 
be when tie moon is in Capricorn, and retain it. As 
long as thou bearesfc it with thee, naught of evil 
cometh against thee. 

" Formerly Carduut I. The figure in MS. V., fol. 48 c, 
is Bnfficiently like. So MS. Bodl^, 130, where ia a gloBS 
" wylde thiftell." MS. G. drawa the upper face of a single 
head and glosses " Difcil." 

*> Quod habet in capite sununo, medoUam viridem. Latin 



Deoj* pjpc |>e man lupinum montanum 'j o])pam 
naman nemn«)) b^)) cenlle^' pi6 hejaj* *] on 

j-anbijuni scopum. 

Pi6 ^ pf{imaj- ^mb Cone nafolon bepijen' jetiim 
)»j" pjpte lupiniun montanum jecnucabe* f jle bjimcan 
on ecebe anne* fcenc* pulne but^n" ^Ibinjce' heo Ba 
pjpmaj- uc apj^ppett, 

Ij^ )>onne cilban^ ^ sflfe i>epije' ^nim ttaj' ^Ican 
p^jtte lupinum -j pepmob cnaca t»}Bomne \e%e tro 6am 

p'. DyB copn."* CXIIL 

pecs p^pc ]>e man laccypibem -j o}>pum naman pS- 
copn nemnefi byfi eenneb" on bejanum jropum ^ on 

piiS )?8Sf innoj^ef heafibnypfe 5enmi J>Jj'fe pypte fieh 
f pynhon 6a copn" pel afreojmmbe " pjle bpincan on 
peapmum'* pteeepe ron» byt Jione" mni^ ajtrjpej'. 

p'. Laccuca. CXIV. 

Deos pjpc )»« man laccacam lepopinam ^ o}^um 
nunan" ]MUn jebce lacruoam nemnejr bi6 oenneb" on 
bejannm ftopum -j on panbipun- be S^jye pypVe yy 
ssb f pe bapa Sonne he on sumupa" fop fjnChqie 
btecan" jereopub*" bj]> mib )»yfle pjpte hyne aylfne 
jelacn^ •" fop J>y** heo yp lactuca lepojunam je- 

pi6 pepopjenbe*' jemm Jiar** pypte lactucam lepopi- 

■ csmifb, R. B. ' bqi^n, B. ■ ijMDOCObe, B. * wnat, B. 

* roBDc, B. ' bncoD, B, ' -inse, B. ■ olbm, B. 

• btpif, H. " RuV coin, B., by later hand. See interprMatloa. 
" CBnneb, H. B. " c6pn, H. "-nKiiie,B. " petpnifim, H. 
" )>oi», B. " ntnuii, H. " caancb, H. B. " -meiw, B. 
" h*E«n, B. " -pob, B.; -pBb, H. •' -uolS, H. " yvjttxm, H.j 
ropSis. B. " refpisenbe. B.: FT^Ecnbae, H. " Ht- H. 


^^"- Bot. 

1. This wort, which is named lupinus montsjiuB, and 
by another name , is produced against hedges 
and in sandy places. 

2. In case tiiat tape worms annoy about the navel> 
take this wort lupinus montanus, pounded, ^ve to 
drink in vin^ar, one full draught ; it will cast out 
the worms. 

3. If then the same thing annoy a child, take this 
same wort lupinus, and wormwood, pound tk^a to- 
gether ; lay them to the navel 

GiTH COEK. CXm. Thebariaof 


1. This wort, whicb is named lacterida, and by which MB. v., 
another name gith com, is produced in cultivated (^,^-,,^^1,^, 
places and in sandy ones. See Flora Am- 

2. For hardness of the inwards, take seed of this 
wort, that ia, the grains, well purified, administer to 
drink in warm water ; soon it stiireth the inwards. 

LsrrUCKb CXIV. PrauMha 

muTalu. Bot. 

1. This wort, which is named lactuca leporina, and 
by another name like tiiat, lettuce, is produced in 
cultivated places and in Bandy onee. Of this wort it 
is said that Hbe hare, when in summer for vehement 
heat he is tired, doctors himself with this wort, 
whence it is named lactuca leporina, hares lettuee. 

2. For the feverish, take this wort tactnca leporina, 

* Not lupiDO, but Artbrolobium (H.) is drawn in US. A., 
foL 48 b. MS. V. has an eqnally falne figure, and colours 
the pods blue, but thej are lupine pods. 

*> See the glosMtrf, in Hares iMtnce. 

P 2 


dalrriMm, is 


nam lege him nytenbum ' uube;i hij" p^le ' he by(j 

p'. JJpejihpette. cxv. 
Deoj" yffiV Jje man cucumejiem piluacicum ■j o)>pmn 
probai^meud uaman hpejihpetre nemne)> b'yj; ceimeb' neah j^ -j on 

fol. 49e. Pi6 JJBBjia* jina* sape -j piJS potable jenim* pyptpaltai 

ySfV^ p^Tite )« pe cuGUmepem j-ilprocum nembun" 
peoft on ele Co )>)iibbaii btele fmype* Jreep nub.' 

Gip cilb mipbojien yy jenim 6Ji'pe ylcan pyjice 
pjprtpuman Co Jipibban'" iwele jepobenne" |>peah ■Sonne 
^ eilb JisBpmib" -J jy-p hpa fyj-pe pypce p»pcm psertenbe 
[>i;e6" hyc bim becymiS Co pjieanyj-pe'* pop 6j'*jehpS 
hine pojihsebhe ^ he hi" na pcefcenbe ece. 

p'. Kenep" j. Canaere. CXVI. 

Seoa pyjic ye man cannane" plpaCica -^ o]>pQm 
namau henep^** nemne)> by)* cenneb"" on pij^ejipflsbnm 
scopum pi6 pejap- •j hejaa." 

Pi6 Jjaejia** bpeopCa j-ajie jemm Jiap pypte canna- 
tem" ploaticam jeonucube** mib pyple leje Co )mm 
bpeofcan'* heo Copepejj f ;«fp^^ * "i iff J'SBp** hpylc 
Sejabepim; bi)) heo )« apeopuia)>. 

Pi6 eile beepnetcep jenim J>Jppe ylcan pypce psBpcm"^ 
nub necelan psebe jecnucubne* *j mib ec^ jepepeb" 
leje Co ]>am sape.^ 

' ^um, H. ' pele, H. * e»iu)«b, H. B. ' >*pi, B. 

>r4Da,H. ' able.' Senim, R '-filiii, H.j -bon, B, * tiafp»,R. 
•|.ftp,B.i(-*pnub, H. '• Jipibbide, B. " -bene, H. B. "h^, B. 
'» VisfiS, H. B. " Tptteatrr^, B. '* roptSis, B. " his, B. 

" hBn^, B., bj later band. " cannaue, B,; in H. glotHed wUde henep. 
" luanep, B. " cwnneb, H. B. " V. omits the two hut worcl). 

" tqu, B. " catmauan, B. (that ii cannBbim.) ** -eabe, H.; 

SMnocobe, B. = -en, B. " Nip, B. " p»fcm, H. " -eobe, H, 
and v., beibre correctioD ; SMnocoixKi ^^ " -P^r-i B. " fipt, H, 


lay it for him, without his knowing it, under his Lztidce. 
pillow; he will be healed. '*'*• '"''■ 

■Wheewhet. cxv. Cucvmber. cwu»if, 

1. This wort, which is named cncomis silvaticus, 
imd by another name wherwhet, is produced nigh the 
sea, and in hot places. 

2. For sore of the sinews ajid for gout, take roots 
of this wort, which we named cucumis silvaticus, 
seethe in oU to a third part ; smear therewith. 

3. If a child be misbom, a pwrtua ahortivua, take 
roots of this same wort, sodden to a third part, thea 
wash the child » therewith ; and if any one eateth fruit 
of this wort, fiistiug, it cometh to mischief to him, 
tlierefore let every one withhold himself so that he 
eat it not fasting. 

Hemp, or Cannabis.*' cxvi. Csiuimf 

1. This wort, which is named cannabis silvatica, and 
by another name hemp, is produced in rough places 
and against ways and hedges. 

2. For sore of the breasts, take this wort cannabis 
silvatica, pounded. with grease, lay it to the breasts; 
it removes the swelling; and if any gathering be 
there, it purges it away. 

3. For a chill of burning,*' Vtai is, a blistering <»■ 
inflamAng by cold, take fruit of this same wort, 
pounded with seed of a nettle, and soaked with 
vinegar; lay it to the sore. 

■ A mistaken interpretation ; " ct inde se BubUvet," Lat., 
that is, of course, the puerpera. 

b MS. V. draws Eupatorium tannabinum (H.), known as 
hemp agrimony : that may therefore be the herb meant, bat 
MS. T. draws hemp (fol. 40 a). 

« Frigore exuttis. Lat. 



Bube. OXVIL 

Be OH f^ffo ^e man putam montanam *] o^fjium 
naman' |>am jelice jiuban nenmej' bJt» cenneb' on 
bunum ^ on unbejanom Iropuni. 

pits eajena bynmyrre' *J pi6 Jpele bolh ;emin J'^ffe 
py'jite leaf ]?e pe putam monCanam nembon* on ealbum 
pine jefobene bo ^nne on an jltej-en peet fm^pe" 
f^jijwn |«ep mib:' 

Pi]> 6EBpa' bpeojta sape jenim J»ar Jlcan pjpce 
pucam fiinaticam cnuca on tpypenan' ptete • Dim 
)>onne spa mycel ppa Su mib Gpim pinjpon* je^pan 
nueje bo on'* an peK -j jjtep^' eo anne" foenc" pinef 
•J Cpejen pfecepep sjle bpincan jepej^e hyne ]Kinne 
pime hpile sona he bf6 hteL" 

JTiiS bpep eape jenim ^jfy^ ylcan pjpce anne'* 
jpiptm "j o)>epne healpne seSCep peeCepej* -j ealppa 
mycel hunijep pyll " rosomne pjle bpincan JjpJ " 
bajap • ma ^p.him Jreapf sy • y\i bine mihc jebsalan. 

pits f man jemijan'^ ne mseje jenun {'yppe ylcan 
pypce puCe ]-iluaCice ni;on Ifcelan'" -j pserepep Spy 
pcenceap"" cnuca copomne" -j ecebeB heal|iie fefrep 
pyll eal ropomne s^le bpincan einjallioe mjon bajap 
he by6 jehseleb." 

Pi6 fsepe" naebpan** j-lice 6e man pcoppiup bafee)> 
jemm J'J'jTe ylcan pypte aseb pute piloocice cnuca on 
pine Byle bpmcan byr jelitSija])** ]i sap. 

' uamOD, fi. * CMineb, H. B. ' -nc|T«, B. * nenbiui, V.; 

naaboa, B. ' Tmypa, B. ' ^»]i, B. ' >ft)ia, B. ■ -nmii, H. 
■ snnspDD, H. '• 60, H. " J>«ji, B. " moot, H. B. " ferae, B. 

"hal, B. "mast, B. '• pjl, H. "h"S, B. 

'• se, B. omiu. ■■ Itelin, H. » Tcaoo^-, B. " The ptDnun 
in V. omitted leveii wordi, and in luppljing then pat the luoal MKt 

data before jyle. » ^ehiileb, B. *■ t>*)ie, B. " ombpin, H. 
" -ejaS, B. 


Bde.» uxvii. s 

i. TIlia wort, which is named ruta montana, and 
by aoother imme like that, rue, ia produced on downs 
and in uncultivated places. 

2. For dimness of the eyes and for an evil cut, take 
]eav«s of this wort, which M-e named ruta montana, 
sodden in old wine, then put the extract into a glass 
veasel ; afterwards anoint with the fluid. 

3. For sore of the breasts, take the same wort ruta 
ailvatiea, pound it in a wooden vat; then take as 
much as thou may grip with three fingers, put it into 
a vessel, and thereto one draught of wine and two of 
water, administer to drink; let him rest himself then 
for some wliile ; soon he will be whole. 

4. For liver sore, take one grip of this same wort 
and one sextarius and a half of water, and just as 
much of honey, boil together, ^ve to drink for three 
days, more if to him need be; thou mayest heal him. 

5. In case that a man may not mie, or •paaa waier, 
take nine stiels or atalka of this same wort ruta 
silvatica, and of water three draughts, pound together, 
and add a half sextarius of vinegar, boil all together, 
administer to drink constantly for nine days ; he will 
be healed. 

6. For wound by the venomous creature which is 
called a scorpion, take seed of this same wort ruta 
silvatica, pound it in wine, give it to drink ; it re- 
lieves the sore. 

■ I see no likenesM between the hcrl> nnd the drawingi. 
See art. xci. 


Seofen' leafa CXVIII. 

Seos ffjK }>e man eprt^lon -j ot^om namim j^pti- 
polium nemneS ^ eac' fume men aeofeDleafe' baca& 
by]> ceime^^ on" bejaDum j^opum -j on panbijum 

Pi6 yoz able ;eniin l^f pypCe j-epCifolium jecnu- 
cube" -J pi6 cpoh jemen jcjebe ' fmjpe* ^hmne ]« pec 
mib ]?am pose )>y ftpjbban bteje hjt f a&p jenimef. 

CDifceL CXIX. 

JhG beafob ece jenim pBf pypte )>e man octmimi -j 
oSJtum naman* mifcel ueinne^ cnuca mib poson"* pose 
oWe" p^pcpipep" oB6e" mib ecebe leje to ]»ain anb- 

epc" piB ea;ena aape'* -j jefpel cnuca iSap p^'P'^ 
pypte" on sebum" pine pnjjie" J>a eajan" |»Bp mib*" 
Jni by" jehteUb. 

Pi6 lebpena pajie** bo JJ Bylpe syle bpincan on pinbe 
Sees seples )>e man malum ^panatum nemne)>. 

0. eoadeiuea 
»i altera. 

COepce." CXX. 
Jh8 easena** Bape*" -j pi6 jefpel nun Bap pypte ))e 
man appium "j oCpam naman mepce nemneb pel je- 
cnucube" mib hlape leje Co |»m eajon. 

■ )«pm, H B. ' tic, H. • reopM, H. • atnn^, H. B. 
* 611, H. ■ EKDocotw, n. ' -niHis-, B. ■ Oafpx, B. 
•iiuni,0. ■•roft.O. " o«««r, 0., bta. "-rrMpef.O. 
■•»iiI.-,0. "eaft.O. "for, 0, "pJpw, H.; pytr.O. 
" s<*">. B. 0. " ftnypB, B. " ftnera )>a easeoa, 0. * hep- 
mib, H. i t>»i., B. " his, B. « r*pe. H. =• apiu mf pc, B., 
in later hand. " -ne, 0., fol. 13. "rfpe.H. -5*. 


Sevenleaf* CXVII 

1. This wort, wbicli is named hrrafuAXsv, and by 
another name aeptifolium, and which also some men 
call sevenleaf, ia produced in cultivated places, and on 
sandj lands. 

2. For goat, take thifT wort eeptifolinm, pounded and 
mingled with ea£&on, smear then the feet with the 
ooze ; by the third day it tt^eth away the sore. 

MiSTLE, now Baaii:^ cxrs. ctiiupcdiwH 

enlgare. Bot. 

1. For head ache, take this wort, which is named 
autifi^v, and by anotiier name mistle, pound it with 
ooze of rose or of myrtle, or with Tinegar ; lay it to 
the forehead. 

2. Again for sore and swelling of eyes, pound this 
same wort in good wine, smear the eyes tiierewith ; 
thou shalt heal them. 

3. For sore of kidneys, do the same ; give to drink 
with rind of the apple which is called midum grana- 
tum or pom^^nate. 

MaKCHE.° CXX. AniMmpUr^ 

For sore and for swelling of oyes, take this wort, ymtwIeM f 
which is called apium, and by another name marche, 
well pounded with bread ; lay this to the eyes. 

^ The drawings pnt the herb in an unnatural atiff attitude. 

■> The drawings seem to intend that wort. MS. Bodley, 
1.10, has " miatil Speci (?) bimnc (dicuni) basilice." The plant 
drawn is clearly not mistletoe ; more like " veronica becca- 
buDga." (H.) 

«In MS. Bodley, 130. the gloss ia " Stanmarch, Stan- 
mcrche." The drawings in MS. V^ fol. 50 d, MSS. G. T. A., 
are little like. 


234 HfatSABIVH 

'tflj. CXXI. 

fieoe pyp? )» man hei)epam cp^focanwr y oSpnm 
nfuoan ijrij nemne)* if jecpebea cpypocsatce]* poiiiSjF' 
j» heo byjiiS eopn* jolbe jelice. 

Pi6 pseteji feocnyj-j-e jemm ]»yrre pyjiCe cpentij 
cojina' jnib on anae' repcejt yiney ^ og: )>am piDe 
syle bpmc&D J^py* foenceaf' peopon bajas j-eo un- 
t:pumnyj'* Snph ))ODe mijKan by& aiblub/ 

OJinte. cxxii. 

'JhS cereji -j p^pjljentie^ lie'" ^^uim fijfj-e pyjite" 
feap pfl man mencam -j p&m jelice o)>puin naman 
mtnran nemneB bo jwnne Jjsepco'* ppefel" ^ eoeb cnuca 
eaJ" toBOmne'" fraype^" mib mpe fepefie" pona Ji pSp 

Ejp Jpele bolh o6iSe puuba on heapbe'" pjn jemm 
J>ap ylcan pjpte mencam jecuucube*" laje co Jiam 
punbum" heo hy** jehfelep. 

Dile. cxxiiL 

Pi6 jicSan -j pi6 pSp Jieepa** jepceapa** jenim paj" 

pypCe ^"^ moo anetnm -j o))pum naman byle nemnej> 

bsejm to bupce mm Jwnne ^ bupc ^ hunij menjc** 

tosomne hepa tepejT ^ pap mib pretepe*' [ipeah py}>)win'* 

■ fOIilii!;, B. ' H. omitfl from copn t 

' (-pis, B. • r«»ne«r. B. ' -nq-, B. 
a Uttlt, fol, 1 1 = 54 }). • pipliS-. B. 

■' Ji^i, B. " l>«p«l, O. " e«I, H. ra 

" nnepa, B. j -e, O. " mib aaiw FJ^epe, I 

" oa heafrbon, 0. " Becnocabe, B., so ; -caba, O. " puba, O. 

" his, B- " 1*P"> ^- " -P^ *^> Bl™«*d pintel, a Fraich word, 

pMu; V. has the termiiiatloQ Illegible) without S't O. "pyn 

«a, O- " ni»nsc, H. B. " pacere, O. " rj*l«ni H-i hreap 

f^San, O. 

' -Ub. B. 

•0. altera 


" rfn, 0. 

ti. " 


aoe, 0. 

'• -esatS, B. 


IVT » CXXI. Htdtra pottiea, 

1. This ■wort, which is named hedera. xp"'^""?"!' ff- ndix.' Soi. 
and by aoother name ivy, is called chrysocarpos, be- 
cause it beareth grains like to gold-ii 

2. For water sickness or dropsy^ take twenty grains 
of this wort, rub them in a sextarius of wine, and of 
the wine adminiiiter to drink three dr&ughts for seven 
days. The infirmity will be annulled by means of the 

MiNT.« cxsir. 

1. Against tetter and a pimply body, take juice of 
this wort, which is named mentha, and by another 
name like that, mint, add thereto sulphur and vinegar, 
pound all together, smear with a new feather ; soon it 
relieves the sore. 

2. If ill cute or wounds be on the head, take this 
same wort menta, pounded, lay to the wounds ; it 
healeth them. 

DlIX.^ CXXril. AmAimsra- 

otdau. Bot. 

1, For itch, and for sore of the shapes, or the 

verenda, take this wort, with is named Srrfiav, and by 

another name dill, bum to dust, then take the dust 

and honey, mingle together; first bathe the sore with 

* From the drawings, which are unlike one another, no 
conclusion ariEes. 

'* Grana. Lat. The ivy which adorned the staff and 
temples of Bacchue had golden berries ; Plin. (xvi. 62.) 
Dioskoridee (ii. 210.) Theokritos (Epigr. iii. I rir KfKiina 
npAfsof Kiairiy tip' Ifuftif Kfaxl ii<iP(nn<^tM(.) 

' The drawings may do for some of the mmts, ae M. ar- 
tenrit, before the appearance of the flowers. 

^ The drawings intend such a plant. That in MS. V. 
" will do veiy well for Dill." (H.) 



mib peajimum pyjitjiypennm* pope leje |)Oime* Jia lac- 
nunje' Jjtejito.* 

Gy'i: )>ontie* pipnen hytet tyfloey bejiije bo hjpe 
man' fpam hyjie by})))}niiaie ]>ODe fylfan Issoebom 
J>sepe' pjp^* I'e pe nu* heji beFopaii" cpsebon. 

Pi6 heafob ece jenim J>yrre Jlean Jiypte bloitman" 
j-e^ mib ele fmype" 8a'" Jiunponja" -j" jepjiitt" f 

Opjane, cxxrv. 
"£>eof pyjic )>e man ojttjaanm -j oQjium namau ))am 
jelioe ojijanAii neinne]> if hatepe jecynbe" ^ spyftlicpe 
*j heo jebpteceo ut aCyhS ^ heo selc ypel blob ^ )>sene'* 
bpopan jepjlbej? -j heo pjj> nyppec" -j li)Kp j-eocom 
pel ppemaB.*' 

Pi6 jebpseeeo jenitn ]iaj" Jlcan pypte*' opjanaa j-^le 
eran ^•u panbpafc hjpe Fpempulnyf fe.** 

SiDpille.** cxxv. 
Pi6 ealle jejabepttnja** f>Ee]' ypelan psetan op )>am 
bcboman** senim J>af pjpce )>e man fempepuiaum -j 
oKpum naman fiDftUIe nemnej? ^ p^P^e -j blap •j coli- 
anbpan cnuca eal ropomne ("am jeboe J>e 'Su clyjwn 
pypce leje ro (lam pape. 

FinoL cxxvi. 

Jh6 jebpfficeo ^ pyS njppjc jenim J'Jppe pypw 

pypccpuman )>e nuui penioulum •] oSpom naman 

' -tmp-, 0. * N>u>< O. ' licnnnse, H.; -oils*, B. < ^ji, B. O. 
' >uiu, O. ' moD, H. • Inric, B.; far*, O. ■ Mi, B. 

• bdbrc, O. " blofmin, B. " tajpa, B. " 0. inierto Unt, 

" tSunponsan, H, " O. inuru Hr miti. " sepyriS, 0. 

" O., fol. 16 b, condenBo. " -cunb-, O. " kooe, B.j fuic, O. 

" ~^t, 0. " FpunaS, H. Moit or this pangnpb ib nten iway ia V. 
" jwrperc, O. " n'"'-i ll-i -""rPi B.} 1 hure iMcccnftre, O. adds. 


APVtElI. 287 

with Tftter, subaequently wash with warm myrtle 
tree waah, then lay the sanatiTe preporatioD thereto. 

2. If, next, any iJung of the sort aimoy a woman, 
let the same leechdom of the wort be applied to her 
hy her midwife, as we here before said. 

3. For head ache, take blossomB of this same wort, 
seethe with oil, smear the temples, and wreathe the 

ObQAMT," Marjoraiii.. cxxiV. C 

1. This wort, which is named iptSytivov, and hy 
another name like that, *^^^S^^Ji is of a hot and 
vehement nature, and it draweth out cough, and it 
overmaateretb all evil blood and wrist drop, and it is 
very beneficial against oppression of the chest, and 
for the liver sick. 

2. For cough, take this same wort origanum, give 
to eat ; thou wilt wonder at its beneficial efiect, 

SiNFDLL,'' HouBeleek. cxxv. 
For all gatherings of the ill humour &om the 
body, take this wort, which ia named semper vivum, 
and by another name sinfull, and lard, and bread, and 
coriander, pound all together in the manner in which 
thou wouldst work a poultice; lay it to the sore, 

Fjmnel." cxxvi. 
1. For cough and for oppression of tie breaat, take"*"- 
roots of this wort, which is named foeniculum, and by 

■ The drawingB make the herb nmbeliate. 

** See glowary aod art. zliz, 

<= Anethumftenieulum is intended by the drawings. 

" Sempervlu, AnAiUe \ Uagttne. Somt bartw, O. 



cmul nemne)) cauoa on pine bjunoe' jneitmbe mjon 

PiB bleebpan j^pe jenim jj^pfe ylcan pjjice )>e pe 
[■■enicnlum nemdtm anne* jjtipan fpa jpene* ^ mepeef 
pypccjiuman jpenne -j eop6 napolan pJTitjmman jpene* 
bo on anne' nipne' qioccan ^ pEBCepej" anne' j*ejTep 
ij:n\ne pjl rofomne Co peopCan fcBele • bpince J)oime 
p»pcenbe peopon ba^ap oJ>))e ma' -j he b8e)7ep' bpuce 
na ppa J>eali colep ■ ne he cobie pteCan t>iC5e bucan" 
J'tbincje JiaBpe^" blfebbjian pap byB jehCijob." 

Lift pypc OXXVIL 
Deop pypc ]re man epipion -j o)>pum nam&n liB pjpc 
nemne]) byf cenneb'^pypmepc in pallia ^ ip on ppanc- 
)anbe on y&m munCe J»e man popaccip hasep • heo hiepB 
mepcep jelicnjppe ^ beo hapatS bloptman peabne ppjlce 
cseppe" "j heo bapa]? peopon pypctpuman -j fpa peia 
fcelena ^ heo hj'* pylpe CobpaebeC on nnbejaniun pto- 
pnm •j n» OD pEEicum"* heo by)? lelooti cmuji blopraLbe'" 
^ heo bapafi pteb ppjlce beana. 

yip lonjen able jenim Jtap pypte epipon jecnn- 
cube" pa.m jehce pe p\i cl^Jran pjpce • leje TO Jwm 
pape heo hiC jebselej^ ■'* mm |>oune ^ pos Jjippe pylfan 
pjpre pyle bpincan pa punbpafr peef nuejenep" Jfyppe 

* B. omits five vords. * 

' mi, B. ■ beSn, I 


ATThmi. SS9 

another name fennel, pound in wine ; let him drink 
fasting for nine days. 

2. For 8ore of bladder, take a handful 80 green of 
this aame wort, wliich we named fcenioulum, and a 
green root of marche, and a green root of earth navel, 
or aapa/ragvs, put ihem, into a new crock, or ea/rthen 
pot, and a sextarius full of water, boU ^%«m together 
to the fourth pw^ Let him drink then, iaating, for 
seven days or more, and let him use the bath ; not 
however, the cold haiJi, aor let him taste cold liquid ; 
without delay the sore of the bladder will be miti- 


1. This wort, which is named eriphia,* and by 
another name lithewort, is produced principally in 
Qmi, that is, in the Itmd of the Franks, on the 
mountain which is called Soracte.^ It hsth the like- 
ness of marche, and it hath a red blossom as creee,'' 
and it hath seven roots, and as many stalks; and it 
spreadeth itself in uncultivated places, and not on wet 
ones, and it is blossoming at every time, and it hath 
seed like beans, 

2. For lung disease, take this wort erifia, poanded in 
the manner in which thou mightest work a poultice, 
lay it to the sore, it will heal it ; take then the wash 
of this same wort, administer it to drink ; tiiou wilt 
wonder at the virtue of this wort. 

» Plin., xxiv. 103. 

" Soracle is near Borne. Syra, ed. 1528, Lat. 

<" Underttuid, blossom like cresa, but red. 



p", 13alf pyjic. CXIVIII. 

pi6 jnper jJepr*"* jeniin y&j pjpt:e )« man j-inpCum 
albnm 'j o)>pum namau halp yyjk' netnnet> jftbjiije 
hj'* -j cnaoa roapife j-malan bufte sjle bjimcou on 
pme fona heo ))a plepsan jepjii^. 

p', PeCeji rilie. cxsix. 

Da)* p^pte' nian Cjuannein ^ o)>jium naman petjio- 
j-elinum nemne)> ^ eac* hy' sume men ]jam jelice 
peCepplie hate)>. 

pits nsebbpait ]"lite jemm of ftjpfe pj|>te petpofelini 
fpj]ie fmsel tap: anep j^jillinjef jepihre pjle bpincan 
on pine mm 6onne ^e, pjpte jecmucube' leje to |«epe^ 

Pi)> ftsejia' fina sajie jemm ]»i' ylcan pypte petjio- 
j*e]iDam jepunube' leje tro ])am pajie heo 2eli)nji^"' 
]> jiip }>»pa" fiiUL 

p'. Capel." cxxx. 

Pi6 ealle jefpell jenim f^rfe Pyp^^ cjioppaf ]>c 
man bpa^-pcam jnloacicam ^ o6pum naman caul" 
iiemne)> cnnca mi!> ealbon pyple j^meni^'* Konne fpjlce 
6u clySan pjpoe bo on" aone" Jncne" linenne'* da5 
leje "CO pam f ape. 

Pi6 pban pape jenim }>ap ^Ican p^pte bjiapficam 

' btify^fz, H. omiti; see glossorj. * hiSi B. ' pypc t(«, H., 

qxdliDg tb« Hnte. Bod trienneni, fn'mnfaf. ' etc, E. ' lii;, B, 

• SMnoeobe, B. ' J«pe, B, • frmpa, B. • -nobe, B. ■■-eB"*, B, 
" Mp«, H.; Hi>>, B. " pilbe cipnl, B., b; l«ter haod, ■* npel, 

H. B. " semancs, H.; -nusas, B. " ^, H. " vnnc. B. 

" )>ynne, (Aid. H. " Imene, B., bj lonDd. 


HALSW0RT.» CXXVlIt. Art. cxTTiii. 

For a womans flax, take this wort, whicli ii 
named ffuftfuTov, Symphytum albam, which is common 
comfrey, and by another name haUwort ; dry and 
pound it to very small dust, administer it to drink 
in wine ; soon it stops the flux. 

PARSLEY.b CXXIX. Aylym petrct^ 

1. Thifl wort is named triennis," and by another 
name xiTpovlxnn, and also some men cnll it by a 
^utme like that, parsley. 

Drawing of a snake. 

2. For hite of adder, take some veiy Rmall dust of 
tliia wort parsley, by weight of a shilling, give it to 
drink in wine ; then take and lay to the wound the 
wort pounded. 

3. For sore of the sinews, take this same wort 
parsley, pounded, lay it to the sore ; it will relieve 
the sore of the sinews, 

CoLR'' nxx. B^^^„ 

1. For all swellings, take heads of this wort, which 
is named brassica silvatica, and by another name cole, 
pound it with old fat, then mingle, as thou wouldst 
work a poultice, put it on a thick linen cloth ; lay it 
to tlie sore. 

2. For sore of side, take tbie same wort bntRsica 

* Symphytum officinale ie not what the figure meann, 
MS. y., foL 53 b, which rHows fi-axians excelsior (H.) Wm 
it Dietamnus alba f but that occurs art. LXitt. 

^ Parsley is drawn in MS. A., fol. 58 a ; but caricatured in 
M.S.V., fol. 52 a. 

" Sir Wm. Hooker, British Flora, p. 1 36, marks Petrogelinttm 
tativum an biennial ; and P. tegetttm as annual or biennial. 

^ BraflBira napus is drawn. 



pluacicam leje Co ]>ain fape fpa jemencseb' j-pa pe 
hep bepopan' cjxebon. 

Pi8 forable jenim pay Bjlpan pjjite* bjiappicam on 
J>a yloan piptn ]>e pe aaji cpsebon* -j ppa j-e beoebom 
yfcpa by)) j-pa he j-ceapp" numulpa* ^ balpenbpa' 

Ntebbep pypt. CXXXI. 

The BgoK iD Seof p^pc }>fl man bapilipca 'j^ oSpum uaman nseb- 

M8.v:,roU53«,(jgpB p^pp nemnej'"' hyp cenneb" on Bam fCopum 

caria, B Tana- prep'* peo Hsebpe by)> ^ man )jam JJcan naman" 

'^^t^mi'i'oriSe^ '^^™'^*^ baplipcup • pitToblice njf beopa cjrn £n Sc hi'* 

iiiiiBi(HO.witbpiiibon jipeopa cynna fin yj" olocpypeip ^ ip on tipe 

iiriD«d°ftb^t jeBeobe jecpeben f heo eali jolbe peine ■'" Bonne" ip 

the root. oBcp c;^n frJlatup ^ ip on*' upe jejwobe" bpopfah 

860 J8 fpylce heo jylbenum'" beapbe py • ^i i^bbe** 

eyn Jp panjiuneuf f ip blobpeab eac*' ppilce beo jyfcen 

on heapbe'* py • ealle** Bap cyn** ))eop pypt bapibpca 

hffipB jjonne jyj: hpa** pap pypte roib him** hapaS }>OQne 

ne" msej him nan Bj-pj-a** najbbep cynna bepian peo 

popme na.'bbpe olocpyppup ip jenemneb** epipeop peo 

ppa bptec ppa" heo jepihB heo tobliepB ^ aDeele]) ■*' 

Sonne peo ojiep jnllacup ip poBhce jecpeben cpypo- 

cepaliip afeepitep • )>eop ppa" hpeet ppa" heo jepJhB 

hyc poppcpincB "j jepite)* •" ponne ip peo Bpibbe** je- 

nemneb hematirep -j cpypocefalup ppa hpsec*' ppa"* 

Beop jepyhB opjje hpepeS"* hyt ropIepB ppa fet Jsep*" 

nan pihr behpej**" bucon*' Jia ban • Jwnne** htejA |>eop 

I sp& s^in'cix^'^i ^^- 1 -inttDS-, B. ' licj6piiii, H, ' pjpce, H. 

' cpMwQ, B. ' BceipppfiB, H. ■ -mel-, B. ' -bjii, H. 

' BD for 1, O. * DBbbre, O. " -ni'S, 0., and then thtrimtKiM 

breaki off. Also it candctmi vhat fblloTs. " cKnnrb, H. B. 

" |>sii, B. " Dunto, U. " hiE, B. " nd >s golb rcuic)>, O. 

" ^m, O. " fin, II. " Ee, O. omita. " -nub, O. " ttinbr, (>. 
" blobpeab eac, H. « hpafttmn, 0. " rj eall. iU "lla, O. 

" cj^De, O., and conikiises. ** bpt, H. B. " on him, O. " na, U. 
» «rftB, O. " KenembtS.- 0., for if S- " h*' hw. O. {fer eal). 



silvatica, lay it to the Bore so mixed, a.s we here 
before said, 

3. For gout, take this same wort braasica, in the 
eame manner as we before aaid, and the older the 
leechdom ih, the more efficacious and healing it is. 

Adder wobt. cxxxr. 
I. Tliis wort, wliich ia named ^BtaikWxri, and by 
another name adderwort, is produced in tlie places 
where the adder is, which is named by the same name 
jSatriXfirxaf. Verily of them, there is not one sort, hut 
they are of three kinds ; one is i^i^puiro;, that is, said 
in our language, that it shineth all with gold ; then 
there is another sort stellatus, that is in our tongue, 
spotted ; it is as if it had a golden head. The third sort 
is sanguineus, that is, blood red ; it also may be golden 
on the head. All these kinds tliis wort basilisca hath. 
If then, one hath this wort with him, none of these 
kinds of snakes may do him harm. The first snake 
iki'Xfiiaoi, is named ;^uffeo( ; it bloweth upon and setteth 
on fire, whatsoever it seeth. Next the other, stellatus, 
is truly denominated ;^puo'oxi'f «Xo; kirttfhm ^ as to this 
one,* whatsoever it seeth, shrinketh up and perishes. 
Nest, the third is named al^BTin;; and ;^u(rDK«fiaXa; ; 
whatsoever this one seeth or toucheth, it flowetli. 
away, so that nought there remains but the bones. 
Tiiis wort basilisca then hath the all powers of them. 

■ A nominative thua put absolute ia not uncommon at the 
bf^gioniDg of a sentence. 

" onwleS, B ; on»lS, 0. " rp*, H. " f\ % 0. (for eil). 

" fiMT-, O. " t>eo t^bban, O. " hp*r, B. " eal |>ar 

fto, O. " -pa«, B. i 0. omiW. » t«ji, B. •• ne b., O, 

" bucoD, H. ** |>atiiiB, O. 

Q 2 


244 nEBBAItiru 

jjjjie bsj'iUj'Cft ealle heo]ia fcpensfiA-' jjf hpylc man 
Jittj- pyjire* mib liim' hapaS pitS call ntebbep cj-n* iie bi}> 

peos p^pr ^p jiuban jehc ^ heo hsepfi meole jieabe 
fpjlce celibonie ■ -j lieo bfep^ polcen" peabe* blop:- 
man •' ■j pe )«■ hj" niman" pylle he hyne pyljme 
cltenpie" -j by'* beppire" xmh jolbe -j mib peolppe -j 
mib heopcef bojim?'* -j mib yipen'* bane'" ^ mib bapep" 
njxe'* ^ mib peapjiep" bopne ^ mib bunije jeppetc*** 
ptppcmap |)a'p*' onbutan" jelecje, 

COanbpajopa. cxxxri. 

The man- ''fleop pypt Jw man'* nuLDbjiajopam nemnep yp 

(ni^mST '* in^cel "j mtepe on** jepibjje -j heo yp ppempul •■• 6a |»« 

See Flora peealc ^yppuin jeinete niman yonne J»u ro bjjie cjmfc 

2Sa. ]>onne on^ilfc*' f\x b^** be J«im )>e beo on nihre** 

pemeB eal ppa** leobt pset" J)onne 6u hjpe" heafob 

ippepe jepeo** J;onne" beppit |>u by** pel bpa)>e raih 

ipepne** ^J Isep beo l»e ascpleo liyjie mfejen Jp ppa 

Diycel ^ ppa meepe ^ beo unola;mie man )K>Dne*' be to 

bjpe cyme))" pel bpajte" pojipleon*" pyle popfty*' \m 

liy" beppit* ppa pe (ip cpsebon" mib ipepne" -j ppa 

Jiu*" peealc onbutan*^ by** belpan ppa iSu bype nub 

J)ani ipepne" nS ffithpine'"" fie ]>u ^eojmlicc peealc mib 

ylpenbanenon" fciepe 6a'* eop6an belpan • -j ponne** 

J)u hjpe banba** -j bype pet jepeo" )>onne jeppib" 

' n;pMisiSa, H, * pyir, 0. • Wm, H. • ojn, H. » pole, H^ 
which it right, ipdA is nurtr, ' ttabm, O. ' blojnitn, B. 

■>et>«,0. 'his,B. "nymin, H.) ofmc, O. "-Bpse.B.! 

cImhiw, H.; clme fie, 0. " his, B- " bfpnJ*. O., mvaAe. 

" h6j>ii«, B. " hilpcD, 0. " bioe, 11. " beajtST' ^• 

" cnile, n. B.! epnxr, 0. " J^PTi H, " ^tpmtxr, rttttd, IL 

*' )«p, B. " -COD, B. " O. fol. 1 1 " 54 eoudeiuta. " tata, II. 

" on, H. •• nwiopil. H. " onstcfc, H, ■ his, B. » aihe, O. 
•• 111, O. " leohlWt, O. « hnw, 0. " K*r^ B. * >«i, O. 

» his. B. •■ tr«". 0. " (.rt, O. - cym«, H. " hjUtte. H. 

" -jKoB, B,; IMacc, 0. " rOfi«is, B. « his. B. « beryrft, O. 


If any man hath tliw wort with him, he is Becuio Audlb wobt. 
against aU kinds of snakes. ■^"- ""'■ 

2. This wort is like rue, and it hath red uilk like 
celandine, nnd it hatJi purple blossoms ; and let him 
vho will take it cleanse himself, and let him inscribe 
it with gold, and with silver, and with harts hoin, 
and with ivory, and with bears tusk, and with bulls 
hoi-n, and let him lay there about ihiits sweetened 
with honey. 

MaNDBAKE.^ CXXXII. Atropa man- 

dragcra. Bat, 

1. This wort, which is named navlfiayipas, is mickle 
and illustrious of aspect, and it is bene&cial. Thou 
shalt in this manner take it, when thou comest 
to it, tlien thou understandest it by this, that it 
shineth at night altt^ther hke a lamp. When first 
thou seest its head, then inscribe thou it instantly 
with iron, lest it fly irom thee; its virtue is bo 
mickle and so famous, that it will immediately flee 
from an unclean man, when he coroeth to it ; hence, 
as we before said, do thou inscribe it with iroDi and 
so shalt thou delve about it, as that thou touch it not 
with the iron, but thou ahalt earnestly with an ivory 
staff delve the earth. And when thou seest its hands 
and its feet, then tie thou it up. Then take the 

■ Tkie it in the Latin text tlie last article. In the drawings 
the root is a man iu libn^io ; M^. V. adds a dog : from the 
mans tthouldei'ii grow some leaves. Iu MS. G. is more cieai'ly 
repreucuted, the poUiug of the dog tit the i-oot, to wliich it 
is attached by a chain. 

*' epMon, B.; cpaba, O. " iCtae, U. " >an Im, O. " -con, B.t 

-«, O. " his, B. " jfeDe, O. " rcjiine, B. " -bma-, H.{ 

-ImiHDaii, B. O. " «e, O. " fruw, a " hwibe, a » jfeof 


246 UERBAKlVil 

|>u hy •' mm ponne* Jisene ojwpne cube •' *j jeppitt* 
CO anc'j- liunbey ppyjian* j-pa ^ fe* lianb hunjpij' 
ry P"PP him' fy)>|wm' mece Copojian j"pa f" he hjne 
alijijccan" ne mreje bucon'* he mib lum J>a pjjice" 
upab)iebc ■'* be }>yr|"e pjjkte'* yj- seb" ^ heo JT» 
mycele miLce htebbe ^ ppa bpjic" J^moj'* j^a hj"" 
uparybS ^ byt*" pna fcyle )»am fylfan jemece beon 
bej-pyceii ■ jropj^y*' pona fpa J«i jepeo ^ heo opabpoben 
py • 1 )>u hype jepealb heebbe jenim by" pona on 
litiDb** fpa anb pealc^ bi*' ^ jeppinj f pop op bype 
leapon** on ane'^ jlaepene ampullan •** ^ Jionne** Be 
Beob becume j5 \>a bpylcon men Jitepmib*' helpan" 
pcyle** {»onne'' help J)u him 6yppum** jemeCe. 

pr5 heapob ece ^ pi6 j? man plapan" ne** mjeje 
jemm f pop- pmyjie" J^one anbplatan ■*• -j peo pjpt 
ppa pome" Jiam pylpan" jemete J>one*' heapob ece je- 
li^ijaf ■*' ^ eac *• ))U pmibpapt hu bpiebhce pe** pbep 

Pi8 Jjsepa*" eajiena pape jenim ])yppe ylcan pypte 
p6p jemenc^eb" mib ele J)e p^ op napbo jeot on 6a 
capan ]ni punbjiapc hu hjuebbce he bJJ) jehteleb. 

Pifi pot able ]jeah Se heo hepejufc" pj jemm op 
Jiffijie" fpyppan hanba** fyppe pypre*" ^ op Jwepe*' pjn- 
jTpan Of"* lejjieppe" banba ppeojm peneja" jepihce" 
pypc to bupte" pjle bpincan on pine peopon bajap" 
he hyji jebseleb'* na" f 6n J3 Jiset jeppel jepet - Sc 

' hiS, D. ' ("one, B.; huie, O. " teofx, H. ' Sepit*. O. 

^ rj-Jjian, B.| i^rapaD, H. ' '8b ■J' Jm:, 0. ' -Sfii O. ' him 

)>0D, H. ' r^^Gau, O. " !>■ ii, 0. " ajiBcan, H. B.; aracon, O. 
'= Ijute, 0. " pJTt, O. ' ' up, IL " pyrr, 0. " for yr jryr**, O. 
" h]>jlcr, O. " hoc, B.; Hues, H. '• hij, B. " he, 11., blu 

hvnlax. 0. alten the text. " ropl^i B ^ hiSt B. " oo han- 

.''B, O, " aajiedche, H.f anpelce, O, " hjs, B. " hnre leafcn, O. 
-' anoe, 11., felse ejntai. ■ -lie, O, » t>an, 0. *• ►i|i, B, O. 

" hetpro, 0. « fMole. II.i n™l». B-i rylle? O. " ►ane. O, 

" ^JTu, B. " -peo, 0. " nO, 11. " imi'P*. B. " ^Me 


APVLEH. 247 

otber end and tie it to a dogs ueok, bo that the hound Makcrakb. 
be hungry ; nest cast meat before him, ao that he may cdxh. 
not reach it, except he jerk up the wort with him. 
Of tliis wort it is stud, that it hath bo miclde might, 
that what thing soever tu^eth it up, that it shall 
soon in the same manner be deceived. Therefore, bs 
soon as thou see that it be jerked up, and have pos- 
session of it, take it immediately in hand, and twist 
it, and wring the ooze out of its leaves into a glass 
ampulla, or pitcheT, and when need come upon thee, 
that thou shouldst therewith help aity man, then help 
thou him in this manner, 

2. For head ache, and in case that a man may not 
sleep, take the ooze, smear the forehead ; and the wort 
also in the same manner relieveth the head ache ; and 
also thou wondreet how quickly the sleep cometh. 

3. For sore of the ears, take wash of this same wort 
mingled with oil, which is extracted from nard, pour 
it on the ears ; thou wondrest how quickly the patient 
is healed. 

4. For gout, though it be very heavy, take of 
the light hand of this wort,* and also of the left, of 
either hand by three pennies weight, reduce to dust ; 
^ve to drink in wine for seven days, tlie patient 
will be healed not only so that tli« remedy allayeth 

■ The root of the mandi-ake is drawu in the sIiajKi of a iiiau. 

anpl-, O. " rftm«, B. ** ri'lruii U. omib, " ttat, 0. 

" -^tV, B. " eac, H. *' huu for je, B. " tajia, B.; O. omils 

and eondeues. " sttaKaegtb, Jl.; -uucns-, B. " s^fc, B- 

" J'»pf, H. B. " binba, H. •• pyir, O, " Hyt, B. "tot, H. 
" *Gt>pe, H. B.1 m$n, O. " P»d*S"j H. B. » -ta, O: 

- buft, 0. " b»Baf. O. ^ -hal-, 0. " na|.', 0. 



eac' jttepa* pina rojunje to htele jelBebeJ* • "j J»a fap 
butu* punbujilice* ^ehmlep. 

Pi6 jepitleafce f if pi8 beoful reocnJrr^ jenim of 
fam liclioman' J'yrV^ ylcau pyjite° inanb|iajoj)e )>)ieopa 
peaeja' jepilire pjle &pmcaii* on peajimum" piBCejie" 
I'pa he ea^elicojx meeje poon be by]? jehasleb. 

Gp; pi6 pina tojunje jenim" op Bam lichoman'* 
Jiyppe pypte anpe yi^pan" jepihre cnuca'* to ppylJc 
pmalan" bupte jemencj'" mib eie fmype'^ ]K)mie )7a ]« 
6ap fopefppecenan untpumnyppe habb^ 

Gyp lipa hpylce hepije ypelnyppe on hip bope'* 
^epeo'" jenime )>ap pypte manbpajopam on mibbui 
^ani hupe fpa mycel i'pa be ]H)imc luebbc ealle ypclu 
be ucanybe^.*" 

Lsece pypt.*' cxxxjii. 

Deop p;^pc 6e man hcbauip ptepauice -j o^jium 
naman liBcepypt neuine]) bapafi lanje leap -j je^-upe -j 
btepene** -j bype frela byS mib jefupum** bojuin ^ 
beo bapatS on upepeaptnim )?am Trelan jeolupe blopt- 
man" J^yppe pypte paeb on pine jepealb ppcmaiS*'' pel • 
oujean eal niebbep cyu ■ -j pi8 pcoppionep stmcj to 
Cam ppyjie J^rop 6e pvune men*' pecjeaB •" ^ jyp by** 
uian ofvn }>a pcojipionep jelejS p beo bun ^mibtij- 
neppe -j untpuranyppe** onjebj^ucje. 

■ fie. U. ' N)>a, B. ; tm, O. ' bau, U. B.; > far frtit. 

mbuia, U. ' -boj>-, B.t -b«r-, 0. > lie, U.; -baman, B.; -ma, U. 

■ pJTT, 0. ' ptmrpi, B. • bpfncu, H. • r)''nx^ O. '* -n, O. 
" senim, H. " lie-, H.[ -lumua, B. " yoran, V. " cn6ca, H. 

"pnalaiiiH. "BeniKngc, ILj onaccented, B. " (hi^ia, B. 

" h|iare, H. " 5pr*«. B. * heo uc abeS, B. " lecbcjnirc, B., 

bj later band. ^ bApeur, B. " S^Wpii B. " blojnun, B. 

"xpaiuaB, il. ** min, IL " recjfS, H. B. "hij, B, 

" nncpun-, H. 


of the Binews, and wonderfully li«aleth both the dis- 

5. For witleatmess, that is, for devil sickness, ov 
demoniacal yosnesalon, tnke from the hody of this 
same wort mandrake, by weight of three pennies, 
adnuDiBter to drink in warm water, as he. may find 
most convenient ; soon he will be healed. 

6. Again, for sposmodit; action of the sineWH, take 
from the body of this wort, by weight of one ounce 
pound to very small dust, mingle with oil, then smear 
them that have this aforesaid infirmity. 

7. If any see some heavy mischief in bis home, let 
him take this wort mandragoras, into the middle of 
the house, as much of it aa he then may have by Kim, 
he compelleth all evils out of the house. 

Leechwobt. cxxxui. QaeetioimUy. 

1. This wort, which is named >>ixyti aTtfamcij,^ and 
by another name leechwort, hath long leaves and 
tdfly and purple, and its stalk is with tufty branches, 
and it hath on the tipper part of the stalk yellow 
blossoms. The seed of this wort administered in 
wine, is of much benefit against any sort of snake, 
and against sting of scorpion, to that degree, as 
some men say, that if it be laid upon the scorpions, 
it bringeth upon tiiem unmightiness or impotence and 

■ crio/KUN^TiKif, Dioskorule^ Ui. 114. uSof inn^f^fny, uot 
leaves. The Dioakorideuu plaut in AgroHemma coronarium 
(Sprengel), but not that is figured. In the di-awiDg, MS. V. 
fol. 5-i b, some eyes diucover Campions, Lychnis dioica, some 
Agroiltmma githago. 


Beof pypt iSe man acciOD -j o^pnm namim' 
iiemne^ Imjraft* jelice leaf cyjijriettan* ac* Ly'' beo8 
iiiajian -j Iieapbpau •" ■j heo hapa^' pi6 fone* pyp'^- 
rjiuman 5jieaCn(i srelan y cpejea' p'^*''^'* lanje" 1 
heo hapa^'* on upepeajibon" )>ain j-Celan fseb iSij^ele 
jelic" ac'* hyr byS frnGeljie y peab'" on bleo. 

piS Ji man blob -j poppm" ;eniau; lijuece •'* ;emm 
J'yfj'e pypte feopep pen^a" jepiht*" Beebef*' -j cyjinlu 
op pincpypenum" hnutum cnuca copomue pam jehce 
Jie ]m anne** ceppel pypce syle )>iejean" Jwun uncjiuman 
hfc bjne jehBele^." 

Pi6 Jftepa** lifSa sape jenim J>af Jlcan pypte jecnu- 
cube*' -j CO clyj^an jepophte leje to Cam pape** heo 
hj« jeh6i;a6 •** eac* )«un pylpan jemete heo ealbe 
punba" jebteleji.** 

8u]>epne pubt** CXXXT. 
DeoB pjpc J)e man abpotanum -j oSpum naman** 
rn^5epne puba nemne]) yp tpejea" c^^nua ••■ Jwnne*' ip 
f o*e]i oyn jpeacon** bojum ^ fpyjw fraffilon" leapon 
ppjlce heo mfi pexebe" jepepen*' sy -j heo hapaiS 
bloffeman*' -j pteb ppyj^e jehptebe •** ^ heo if jobep** 
fpsBcep ^ mfceley i biteppe" on bypjjnje. 

> tumfu, H. 'hafef, 0. 'cjreecu) i, fi.; Isufe leij: gelic 

cypiTCCUi ■ io, U. < % O. * his/B. * heajibjiHi, H.; 

Iierbna, O. ' hsfb, O. ' hute, 0. * cpcspa, B.j C]iess», H. 

'• pebma, B. " lagne, O. " hafeb, O. '• -b6n, H. 

"Relic, H.} jelice, O. "ic, 11.; 1, 0, "hji«6,B. 

" fopmr, H, B. ; pyTinec, O., altered by a later hand. '* hpifee, B.; 
hncce.' 0. "pwn-.B. " Kepihce, H. B. O. " r*bir, O. 

" pn-, V. i -CT«>p-, O. " atat, B. " hcRan, B. ; >icse)u>. H., 

altered to hcseui i 'Sin^, 0' " bi^ sehnleb , II. " )>8iia, B. 

■' gecnocobc, B. " rSpe, H, » -«5a«> B, " cm, H. 

*' pQuda, H. « -IB, B. " fiilSer pube, B., in later handi 

I'QbD, 0, " namaa, H.; B. otuitfl the Sngluh nsine ; on eoglifTe, O. 



ACTIUM- CXXXIV. ^^^^ ^„^,^. 

A aeoi'inon holds a snake. MS. V., fol. 54 c. 

1. Tliia wort, which ia named octium, and by anoihej* 
name , hath leaves like a gourd, but they are 
larger and harder ; and it hath at the root a great 
stalk and of two fathoms length, and it hath on the 
upper part of the stalk seed like a thistle, but it is 
smaller, and red in colour, 

2. In case a man hreak up blood and ratten or pua 
together, take four penny weight of the seed of this 
wort and kernels out of pine tree nuts, pound to- 
gether as thou wouldst work a dumpling, give it to 
the infirm to swallow ; it healetb him. 

3. For sore of the joints, take this same wort 
jiounded and wrought to a poultice, lay it to the 
sore, it relieves it. Also, in the same maimer it healeth 
old wounds. 


1. This wort, which is named abrotanum, and by 
auother name southernwood, is of two kinds ; the one 
kiud then is with great boughs and with veiy small 
leaves, as if it were seen rather as furnished with hair, 
and it hath blossoms and seed very minute, and it is 
of good odoui' and strong, and bitterish to the taste. 

• DioskoridCB, iv. 107, >««*, or >«■«> Ui(t». The 
drawing, MS. V,, fol. 54 c, represeDte " Rrotcus anteprimuij, 
I aiiould thini." (H.) The Dioskoridean plant io Arctium 
lappa (Sprengel). 

"'Southernwood is drawn, MS. V., fol. 53 d. From DioB- 
korides, ill. 29, 

" c(«?B|ia. B. O-i cjWSipa, H. » cyn'oa, n. " f«n, O. 

" -su, 0. •• IbMla, O. !• j-csebe, H. " gef-, O. omit*. 

« O. omits W-i -miD, H.; Worman, B. " Behp«*, B.i -hpebe, 0, 

" BoWr. H.; sfibtf. B. « bicqi, B. O. 



PyB nyjipyc' -j piB ban eoe ^j pift f man ea|ij:o8- 
lice jenujan mfeje I'yiT* PJ'I"^* T*^ P*' Fli«n»(iS* 
jecnucub' *] on pEetepe* jeBijeb.* 

Pi6 jnlsan j-ajie ^emm 6aj" ylcan pypte' -j beCoDicain 
CQuca ia)fOiiine pjle bjiincao. 

'PiK attjin ^ pi^ mebjiena j-lite jenim Baj* ^Ican 
py'pte abpotanum fyle bpincan on puie heo helpeft pel 
cNuca hy' eac' inib ele -j fiHype'* Sone lichoman" 
}>£e;imit> •'* eac" Iieo piB pone colan fepoji" pel p|ieinaS • 
eac'*^ piEb Jiyrpe pypce fcpanjlice aplijeft" jinbfcpet)" 
o)^ onseJeb. 

pi8 jsepa'* nsebpena" plrce j>e man j'palaujione)' -j 
fcoppionep nemnefi Jreop sylpe** pyjit pel r|iema8." 

piK eajeoa fajie jenim )>ap ylcan py|>^(! abjioCanum 
je[-obene** nub ^pe** pypte Jie** man uielacibomaan -j 
o^um naman coboniam haXxjf -j tSonne inib bl^e ;e- 
cnitcube** J>am jelice" Jw Jm clyjfan** p;ynce leje Co** 
J^am** pape hyr by^ jeliBijob." 
iotkor., pcof Pyp^ T A** P® heji" bepopan cpffiboa tpejea** 
K Id the cynna ofiep yp pip o'Seji pep •■• -j h^** babba^S" on 
eallon" Jnnjcon*' jelice mihce** onjean J>a JSincj** 5e 
pe bep** befopan pa^bon. 

> -)<ec, B. O. ' j^iiaaX, U.; fttmtS, 0. ' Secnoeob, B-i 

-cob, O. * pw*nD, 0- * S'Ms»*>, B. • )>. p., O. 

' U, omito two pangraphi. ■ his, B. ' tie, II. " fkniji*, B. 

" -baman, B. " >ap, B. " tie, H. " rfrrp, H. '• fpHU'S • 

ric, H. " sjliSe^, H. ■' pob, B., that is, ^toabt snib, V. 

" |«|ia, B. " pilf UMbbgitn, EL " tyijt, B. OBiilB. 

" fpimaV, H. " !>. j>. scrobrni, O, " t«|ie, B. O. " j^re 

Ji«, O. " BrciKxsobe, B. ; -cobc, O. =» S<1"»°. 0, "yr 

elytSwn, 0. " |«r te, 0. » Mm, H. * -<W*, B. " Iwji, U. 



2. For oppressioQ of the breast, and for leg ache, Socthsbs- 
and in case a man may -with difficulty pass water, A.n!*exxxT. 
seed of this wort, pounded and swallowed in wftter, ia 

of good benefit. 

3. For Bore of side, take this same wort and betony, 
pound together ; give to driuk. 

4. Against poisons and ftgainst bite of snakes, take 
tills same wort abrotanum, admiuister it in wine to 
drink, it helpeth well ; pound it also with oil, and 
smear the body therewith. Also it is of good effect 
ngaioat the cold fever. Also tlie seed of tliis wort, 
spread about or set on fire, strongly disposes anal-e$ 
to flight. 

Drawing of a scorpion holding a ivorm, with two 
vtinga and eight lege. 

5. For bite of the poisonous creatures called 
faXsyyia, and scorpions, this same wort is of good 

6. For .sore of eyes, take this same wort abrotannin, 
sodden with the wort which i» called p.^\x xulwna, 
and by another name cydonia," and then pounded 
with a loaf, as if thou shouldst work a poultice ; lay 
this to the sore, it will he relieved. 

7. Tliis wort, as we here before said, is of two 
kinds, the one is wife, w female, the other wer, or 
•male ; and they have in all things alike might against 
the things of which here before we quoth. 

• Not a wort, but quincet. 

" cpes|i». B-i cpfpTM, H. »• hifpif. o(«r hifjitiv, O. ■' hig, B, 

"> habbriS, O. " e«Uu, B^; bIcu, 0. " >iD^tw, B. omits ; ^mga, O. 
» mihrs. 0. - ^tn^st, 0. •• or, H.; se, O. 



Labeji.' OKXXVI. 

fieof p^jit ye man 3ion^ ^ oHipum nomaii' labeji' 
nemne)) by% ceiineb' on peetum aCopum." 

pA ^ jtanai"' on blfebjwin pexen jenim Saj* yiftte 
sjle etan otStSe jefobene* olSISe lijiwpe heo' )« itanfif'* 
Jmph" tnij^n ut" atj-hiS. 

eac" Beoj" fyljre'* pjjtt pel pjiemaft" piB utfihr'" -j 
pi8 jiffif mno))ef afcypunje. 

8131I bpeojifa." cixxvii. 

The flgura, Beo)- pypt Jie man eliotpopuf -j o&pum naman'^ 

^^ji^*^'""' jnjilhjieojipa nenmeB by}) cenneb'' on pEBCcum lan&um" 
tiiink, Hetiotro- -j on bejanum" "j beo hafaC leaj: neab ppylce mifrel 

danuged, and ^ byB Jipeojia cynna bleos. 

^D/oH. " P'^ ealjia" iisebbep cjnna" ilitay -j pi8 j'coppionef 

^enim J'Jj'fe pJ'jiCe pypttpuman ebotpopo]- fjle bpm- 
can'' on pine -j jecnueube'" lege to Ji(epe*' punbe heo 
fpemaS** mycelon. 

pj5 t>8ST; pypmar ;^rab Jione napolan on Jtam" in- 
no&e hepijen'" jemm Cap ylcan pypte- -j yj-opan -j 
njrjium ^ oepj*an^' cnuca roromne ealle j'j'le bpmcan 
on** ptecejie heo" acpellejt 6a pjjimar. 

' lajier, B., bj later hind. ' Iod, V.; jvn, B., irith i Bhored in. 

>d(*' name, O., fol. Ub. = 56. 'labep, V,; lajwp, B. *cwii- 

neb, H. B. * ]>«ren ftope, O. * fbanar, U.; -nef, O^ which 

condenae*. " -btnr, II. ; -bonr, O. ' hu, 0. ■* -neT, O.; 

hmir.H- "l-up*. v.! far, 0. " tir, a "eicU. 

" f, H. omita. " n«>n>a«, H, '• (k, B. "See utMe i. 

hp«op|>a, V. The fOima half of the word ii gone. *■ nainlii, H. 

" cnuneb, II. B, * Unbum, II. " b^s^u, B. ^ -peal. B. 

" ealle, H, " cy nna, H. " b|iiuciui, n. =• se^aocobc, B, 

" J>ape, B. " jiianWB, H. " >wn, II. " bepun, B. 

" cepjtn, B> " on, H. " hfe), B. 



Laveb. CXXXVl. 

1. This wort, which is named viov* and by another 
name Uver, is produced in wet places. 

2. In case stones wax in the bladder, take this 
wort, give it to eat, either eodden or raw ; it draweUi 
out the calculi through the urine. 

3. Also this same wort is of good benefit againnt 
diarrhcea and stirring of the inwards. 

SOLHWEHF.'' CXXXVII, ScOTplurtiS Or heliotropio-n. HOiotrmUa 


1. This wort, which ia named ^xUrpi^ni, and by 
another name solhwerf, is produced on fat Iand» and 
on cultivated ones, and it hath leaves nigh such as 
miatel," oi- basil; they be rough and broad, and it 
hath round seed, and that is of three kinds of colour. 

2. For bites of all kinds of Her[>ents, and of a 
scorpion, take roots of this wort heliotrope, administer 
it to drink in wine, and lay it, pounded, to the 
wound; it benefite much. 

3. In case that worms vex about the navel in the 
inwards, take this same wort, and hyssop, and nitre, 
and cress, pound aU together ; administer to drink in 
water, it killeth the worms. 

' Slum ifl now Water parsnep ; laver, pnrphyra laciniata, 
and Viva latii$ima. This does not match Plin., xxvi. 32. 
" Laver quoquc nasceas in i'ivi»t condita et cocta torramibus 
medetur." The table of contents to Fliniiis has " Laver eive 
sion," and eo the medweval botanistB. But none of theae is 
drawn in MS. V., fol. 55 b. The article ih founded on Dios- 
korideH, ii, 154, which Sprcngel decides to descrilie S, an- 

*• See art. i.. This article is from DJoskorides, iv. 193. 



PiS peajitiiD jenim )>nf ^Ican pyjite -j fealu cnuca 
Cofomne leje Co )»am peajitan' he liy' fojuiinie)^ ))anon 
heo eac' uejijmcapifi jenemnet) ij". 

Beo]* p^)it &e maD fpjiepirif •] oSjittm Haman 
nernne]) hspp^S jelipseNe leap -j jefiiif e * -j Iieo of 
anum pyjircpuman manej.i bojaj" aj-enhej) •* -j J»a beoB 
neali ■5»|ie' co])1San alette -j lieo hafaS jeoliipe bloyc- 
man •' ^ XJF J^** hy* becpeonan J>inum' finsjuiin"' 
jebji^e^ {lonne hafaC heo npicc j-pylee mjpjie." 

piB J>one" colan jrepoji jenim J^aj" pjpte fppejunf 
j'eoB on ele • ^ to (Sam timau" Be ye pefop to Bam 
men jeneahecean pylle fmype" liyne jtepmib." 

pyB pebe hunbef shte jenim pay ylcan pypte cnucn 
to bnjre mm iSonne anne" cuculegie fulne" yyle 
bpincan on peapmum ptecepe he byB bal. 

Pyj) milcan j-ape jenim jjyfpe fylfan pyjite anne'* 
jobne jpipan ^ anne'* pefcep fulne meolce ptll to- 
j'omne pjle bpmcan healp on mepjen healp on ippen'" 
J>a ]ipyle }e him |.'eapj: py j-eo milre b^B jelacnnt).*" 

Decs pypt Jw man ayzop miuop -j objium naman*' 

nemne)> bvB cenneb" on pajum *j on 

fcBemjum"* fcopum -j on buniim ^ on ealbwm** byp- 

' popcorn, H. B. 





' SeWr'. B. 

apmbrf!. B. 

' Hl>*. B. 

' WorraM, 


iiS. B. 


• nospfim. H. 

" mypp«, B 




1* coa»D, V. 



tinor, B 

" rtlne. H. 

■ utmt. B^ twice. 




, att 


*■ -nob. B. 

•O. oiniU" other 1 

lame." " c 


. H. 


fean-. O 


' -bum, H, ; -bm, 

, 0. 



4. Against wiurts, take this same wort and salt, Solbwebf. 
pound together, lay to the warts, it removes them ; ' **'"' • 
whence the vx>rt is also named Terrucaxia, vmH wort, 
from, the Latin verruca, a wart. 

Scarlet plmpei-nd ? cxxxvill. AnagaUh 

1. This wort, which is named spreritis,' and by an- 
other name , hath diminutive leaves, and tufty, 
and it sendeth forth from one root many boughs, and 
they are laid near the earth, and it hath yellow 
blossoms ; and if thou breakest it between thy fingers, 
it hath then a smell as myrrh. 

2. Agunst the cold fever, take this wort spreritis, 
seethe it in oil, and at the times at which the fever 
will approach to the man, smeai' him therewith. 

3. For bite of mad dog, take this same wort, pound 
it to dust, then take a spoon fidl, give it to drink in 
warm water ; he will be whole. 

4. For sore of milt, or spleen, take a good handful 
of this same wort, and a sextarius iiill of milk, boil 
tf^ther, give to drink half in the morning, half in 
the evening, as long as need be ; the spleen will be 

'' CXXXIX. Semprrviwm 

udiforau. Bol. 
1. This wort, which is named aii^wav ftixfav, and hy 
another name prick Tnadame, is produced on wall^i, 
and in stony places, and on downs, and on old 

' spyeritiH, MS. T., fol. 49 b. Iwfitif is a meiliseval synonym 
of the ArdyaJAf^ ig ^iriK^, the BCarlet pimperoel, in the lUArgionl 
notes to Dioakorides, ii. 209. The drawing, MS. V., fol. 53 d, 
18 not a good likeness, but has points of I'esemblance. Tho 
words of the text however are not from Dioakorides, and thf 
colour is wrong. The Oxford copy {p. 349) of tlie Viennri 
drawings has aipiufriif, and like Centaurea nigra, 

^ From Dioskorides, iv, 90. The technical tiame from 
Sprongel. Seilttm ruppstre, or rejlrrum, Kiihii. 



jenam' *] heo op anum pyptrnaman' maneja jehptebe' 
bojfie* aj-enbeS" "j 6s beoS jrulle oj: jehpsBbfim* leapim- 
re eaten -j lanjfini -j pceajipum -j jaewrum' -j pelpopjum ■ "j 
J>yj-pe pypte pyjittjiuina* ys unnJcKc' 

Pi8 Oman ■j pi5 eajena fajie ^ pi^S potable jenim 
■Sap pypCe ■ bucan'* p^trpuman ■ cauca mit> linebman- 
J»am ;dice • pe 5u clilSan" pypce ■ leje ro |>ippmn'* 
unepnmnjppun" hrc hy" selifiijaS." 

J>yB heapob eoe jemm Jtyj-pe ^Ican pjjite pos -j 
. popan pop mfflnjc" t8pomne pmype" f heapob Jnepmib'* 
f J^p'" byC seli'Sijub." 

PyS Jwpa*' pypma phre }w man ppalaujionep hare(>** 
jemm Jiap ylcan pypCe aizop on" pine jecnucube** pyle 
bpmcan" hjc ppemaiS*' nytbca 

Pi6 ttCpihc ^ pi6 umoBep pleppau -j py^ pjjunap" 
ye on" Sam*" mno)>e bepiaiS** Jwop pjlpe pjpc pel 

6fC** pyC jehpylce** uucpumnyppe Jiepa** eajena 
jemm J>ypre ylcan** pypce pop ftuyps*" (Sonne •* J« 
eajan* {mpnub" nyclve hyc ppema^*** 

Tunpinj p;^pr.*' cxl. 

Seop yyjfc ]fe man ellebopum album "j oiSpum naman 

wmpinej*" pypc uemneC ■j eac** pume men pebebepje 

' -seanu. I 

1.; -Sen, 0. ' ^11^,'H. ■ %Apmtbt, 




; 0. omita a line. 

•Eehp*bu, B. 


'jrype pjreni 

nw, 0. • -nee-, 

O. » bliisn, B. 

" di^em. 0. 


" -nefCe. 0. 

hiE, B. I 0. omiU. 

" -esaC B. 0. 

" meg, 0. 


"Hip, B. 0. 


rap, 0. omiu. 

- -s«*- H- i 

-eS(*, B. 0. 

», B. 



>* jecnocobe, B, 

» bpSncan, H. 

«n«nia«. H. 


» punbt 1 on )>«i, 0. » «»m, H. 

" bepisati,. B. 

- jpamatS, H, 

" e-jt, a 

= Sephylce, 


i Serpjlce, H. 

"►-pe, H.: 

taps, B. 0. 

" ihxa, 0. Mnin. 


" «0D, B. oiDiU. " etsena, 0. - |«p, B. O. 



mail DIOSEOBIDE8, ETC. 269 

barroTB, and from one root it sendeth forth many Simphbtivt™, 
minute boughs, and they be full of leaves, minute and emu- 

long" and eharp and fat, and well oozy, or sucouleni, 
and the root of this wort is without use. 

2. For erysipelatoos inflammatiooa, and for aore of 
eyes, and for foot addle, or gout, take this vort, 
except the root, pound with smede, or fine flour, in 
the nuumer in which thou mighteet work up a poultice, 
lay it to these infirmities ; it will alleviate them. 

3. For head ache, take ooze of this same wort and 
ooze of rose ; mingle together, smear the head there- 
with, the sore will be relieved. 

4i. For bite of the worms or ereepvng things, which 
are caJled ^aXayyia, or tarantulas, take this same 
wort aizoon, pounded in wine, administer to be drunk ; 
it will benefit advantageously. 

5. For diarrhoea and flux of the inwards, and for 
worms whidi vex in the inwards, this wort is of good 

6. Again, for any infirmity of the eyes, take ooze 
of this same wort, then smear the eyes therewith ; 
excellently it beaefits. 

TuiraiNG ffOET.l' CXIi. VtnOnM 

1. This wort, which is named belleborus albus, and 
by another name tunsing wort, and also some men 

■ ttft^fSv, round. 

>> White hellebore = VtreUrum album, Sol., is not a native 
of England. The draving is lost. See the gloeaary in 
Tun^lpnp^c. Only a gronudwork of thia article ia in 
Dioskorides, iv. ISO. The Vienna MS. draws Ver. alb. 

" dMiioage, amdagpan, B., by IMw hand. 


260 IIEEB-^Rim 

haraS by^S cenneb' on bunum* -j heo hapaiS leaf' 
leace jelice -* J'yjT^ pyp'^^ pyprcjmman man yceal 
niman onbutan^ mibne j'mnuji* -j eac fpa jH>nie' ]>a 
pj]ir ealle pop^y* li«o if ro Ifficebomum pel jecpeme^ 
^ ij" ro lupjeane on ^yjTfe pypTC ^ heo bapaS je- 
hpsebne*" pyjittjiuman -j na j-pa pihcne ^ he be punom 
hiele jebyjeb" ne fy • he by6 bpea)> -j nbpe ^nne he 
jettpijeb hyB ^ })onne he robjiocen by]> he pyc|> eal 
ppylce he pmic" oj: him aptenbe" -j he by5 hponhce 
birceppe" on bypjmcse Jionne" beo6 )>a mapan pypt- 
tpuman lanje *] heapbe -j ppyjw bittepe" ou byppncje'" 
•J hy*' hahbajr co 6sm ppy^lice mihre *j ppecenpuUe'" 
f hy*° pop opc hpsebhce )M>ne man popj^ilmia)* •*' 
Sonne pceal man fypne pyprupuuum ppa pe sep cp»bon 
jebjujean" -j pa. lanjnyppe** toceoppan on pysena je- 
licnyrpe •** mycel l»cebom ip r6 jehpylcum Jrmpim }» 
man Sonne J'yjT^T** pjpctpuman jemme tyn peneja" 
jepihce ppa ^Seah ne nuej man leppe pop hip pTpensfie*" 
hjne pjllaD Jncjean" on punbpum* ae*" mi6 pumum** 
oSpum mete jemencjebne" be Jtsepe** fpylcnyppe** J^e 
peo untpiimnyp** J»onne bJ6 • f ip 5Jp peo unrpuamej- 
apa-fciS beo pyle {ncjean'^ on beope ot%e on blacan 

Qyf he jwnoe on utpilire py" p;^le Jncxean** on 
p^pena pope olSSe mib ))8epe'' pyp^e 'Se man opiza 
hare)' mib pmebeman** J^a etdle ppa [leah poeolon*' beon 
lepojx** on htSon** beope jepobene "j xelilSijobe.** 

' CBnneb, E. B. 'buiiu,B. ■!£•;, H. 'sdiee.B. *-con,B. 
* rnmoji, B, ' rame, B. * piptis, B. ' ^rtfoat:, B. 

" BeijiAbne, B. " jebiKseb, B. " nuic. H. " arcndF, 

ftwn. H. i v. is illegible ; B. repeats three vords. " birep, B, 

"hWi V. " biEcpe, B, " from" byppDSce" to the same iron!. 

H. omits ftU. " his, B, " nuecen-, E. B. " hig, B. 

'■ -iiialS, H. " 5ebpiB«il, B. " -nefTe, B., twice. =' l-JTer, B. 

-'• pKntsa, B. B. " (tpKEgtSe, B, " ticsait, B, " rnabpan, B. 
=• >c, H. *• pan, II., vithont MRe ending. " -m^nR-, B,: 

-<Tseb, H, "J«pe,B. "-nejTc, B. " -nrrre, B.. as oaminatiTe. 
" bpincanuD, H.; Hcs"n, B. "bpipe.B. " ry", B. "fricsnn.B. 



call wood hervy, madbeni/, is produced on downs, and 
it haa leaves like a leek.^ A man stall take a root of 
this wort about midsiunmer, and also in like wise the 
whole wort, since it is very convenient for leechdoms. 
That is to be admired in this wort that it hath a 
small root, and not so straight but that it in some 
part is bent ; it is brittle and tender when it is dried, 
and when it is broken, it reeketli just as if it sent forth 
from it a smoke,^ and it is in some degree bitterish 
to the taste. The larger roots, however, are long and 
hard, and veiy bitter to the taste, and they have a 
virtue to that d^ree powerful and mischievous, that 
they often suddenly choke a man. A man then shall 
dry this root as we before said, and carve up the 
length of it into the likeness of peas. There is mi it 
much leechdom for various occasions, so that a man 
take of this root by weight of ten pennies ; however, 
one must not ever, by reason of its strength, administer 
it apart, but mingled with some other meat, according 
to the quality, of which the infirmity is ; that is, if 
the disorder be so stubborn, administer it in beer or 
in black brewis. 

2. If he then be troubled with diarrhoea, administer 
it in ooze of peas, or with the wort, rather grain, 
which is called oryza, rice, with emede, that is, Jine 
flour ; all these, however, shall be first sodden and 
tioftened in lithe beer. 

■ Leek is an alteration ; Dioskorides aays the leavea are like 
Uioijo of pluutain or wild beet. 

b Acre gUBtn fervensqiie, in frangendo pulverem emittit. 
Plin., xx\. 21. 

" -esobe, B. 



Deof yyja foClice eaUe ealbe -j hepje "j unlacmj- 
enblice ablu' Copejie)) |^ f Le by]] selacnnb* ]>eab lie 
feji hif luele' on roleecenejye* pG6)ie. 

'Beoj- p^jit )>e man buopCalmon -j O'Spum namaD 
nemne]) hajra^ Imefcue [TelaD" -j leap jelice 
pnule ■ -j heo hafaB jeolupe blortman' eal ypylce eaje 
Jranon" heo eac* jwne caman on):enj •"* heo by]> 
cenneb" p^itmelb pi6 meomatn 6a ceap:pe p^ye pyjice" 
leaf jecnuciriie" *) co clyj?an jepophte" tolyj-a^S" je- 
hpjlee ypele j-ppinjaj-" ^ heapfenyj-pa." 

VfY 8epjp'*'*ii pf^T lichoman" Jw" c^me)> 5p rSjo- 
tennjpye Jjeej* eaUan*" 3eium )>Jrr^ PJP^. P*^ 17^^ 
bpiDcan heo" ajyF** ^ jecynbelice" hip •" ^ he byS 
jehjplffihc j-pylce he op fpi'Se hacon'* b»pe* jeobe." 

Eoppr. CXLIL 

Deof pypt ^ man tjubuluj" -j oJSpiim oaman jopft 
nemne}< ip cpejea" cynna ■ ojwp byj> cenueb* on p;^c- 
unum o'Sep fie on pelba. 

Pi8 m;^celne bseran J^sep hchaman jenim )>ap pypte 
rpibulnm jecnncutw" leje J^Kpco.*" 

' Utln, B. • -no6, B.; scUarab, H. ' bMt, B. • -Getm-, B. 
> O. <HiiiU and compreuei, M. 9. ' Iktlia, H. ' blorniui, B. 

■ ^Don, B.; >ao, O. * cic, H. " onjcngc, B. " cnimeb, B. 

•• pjra, O. " -obt, O.; -cube, H. ; seetioeobc, B. " sq^iphc, H. 
"-1*6,8, "rppmeiT. B. "-nfjrs, B, "lie, H.; -haiiuii,B.; 
-baraaf, O,, on which see St. Marharete t« meibea ant martfr. p. 86, 
line 84. >* le, H. B. O. " eallan, H. alioi sealUn, O.; cf. p. STO, 
line 4. NanaliniicDlM, p. 80, xu. " he, 0. " -ciiiib-,0. 

"Mp.H.ihif, O. "hfciL,B.jh»M,0. »U^f,0. "eofce.B.O. 
" VfVSptL, H. B. ' ■ cmuieb, H. B. » sconocobe, B. •• Hp, B, 



3. This wort, in fiict, removea ail old and grievous Ttrmrao 
and incurable disorders, so that the patievU shall be ^^^ 
healed, though he formerly were despairing of his 

1. This wort, which is named ^ou^iaXnot, and by 
another name , hath a nesh or tender stalk, 
and leaves like fennel, and it hatii yellow blossoms, 
altogether like an eye, whence also it received its 
name. It is produced first in Mseonia, the town, aay 
rather province. Leaves of this wort, pounded and 
wrought into a plaster, dissolve all evil ulcers and 

2, For mischief of the body, which cometh of 
eSusion of the gall, take ooze of this wort, administer 
it to drink, it restores the natural hue, and the 
patient will be complexioned as if he came out of a 
very hot liath. 

OoitSE.b CXLII. VUxEitTo- 

1. This wort, which is nampd tribulns, and by 
another name gorse, is of two kinds ; the one is pro- 
duced in gardens, the other out in the field. 

2. For a mickle heat of the body, take this wort 
tribulus, pounded ; lay it thereto. 

" The text ie from DiaekorideH : one of the Bpectea of 
Authemia is described ; the leaves like fennel, MS- V,, 
fol, 57 a, hardly belong to our ox eye. Anthemii valentina is 
meant, according to Sprengel, and othere. 

*> One of the Tribuluses, not V. e., ie drawn, MS. V., fol. 57 b. 
The article is from DioEkoridee, Iv. 15, t^/jSsXo;, Tho Vienna 
copy figures Trib. lerrestrig. 


potubnyire ■ ;enim )>ar p^pw rjiibulum jefobene * 
canca mib homje beo hmlep SoDe maS ■] |ia ;omao. 

pi)) ^ ]n:tuia)' OQ blsbpan pezen jenim I'yfj'e ylcan 
pypce fi^ rpa* jpene jecnucub* j"yle bjimcan • pel 
hyr fpema?.' 

Py^ noibbfiaii flite ;enim J>yi7e ylcaD pJTiW 8«rf> j-j^ 
jnene* jecnocub' fij: peneja jepihte-"* fjle bpmcan 

cube" leje to Jwpe" puobe heo aljje)> h;yDe op )«tpe 

pippe p^I|»n pjjite pseb eac" ppyloe on pine je- 
bpuncen ip'* balpenbe oajean atcpej- bjiync. 

pi]> plean" ;emm ])ap j'lcaa pypte mib bjpe pebe 
jepobene rppenjo into J>am huj-e" heo cpeK Jm Flean," 

Seop pyjiv ))e man conize*" "j oCpum naman 
nemne)' yp trpejea*' cynna Jeah pe oiep py mt^ie ojwp 
lieppe"* J>onne liajraS** feo Iteppe fmsale** leap •] je- 
]i|Mcbe . -j ppyl»e secpemne j-pfBC ^ peo o^Sep bapalS 
niapan** leap ^ pietre -j befijne j-pwc *j Jiyppa pypra 
pyptxpuman fynbon'" unnytlice-'' ac** J'yppe pypte 
pcela" raib pom'" leaputn jinbpcjieb"' -j onwleb- nau- 
bpan** aplije)) • ^ eac" heo jecnucub** -j to cly)nui 

' iV, B^ conlinnlng the sentence befbn: a trylog mistake. ' t*px, B. 
' -W*-, B.i -nerre- ^- ' -bon*, B. ' jfi. B. ' secnocob, B. 

' rpamt^, H. * ST^nt. B. ' jecDocob, B. ; T. ia here impvftct. 

■" B«P«»S»> H. " eic, H. " !«, B. " Keeooe«)be. B. " S^ie, B. 
" eac, H. " Ir. It. ■' tHk, B. » hi^. B. '• rl^Q, B. 

" ODine, B. =' cpespt, B. " 1»rT^ B. " hmflS, H. 

=• Anale, H. B. ")ua|>aD, B. " ry" r™"' ^- ""^ ^- "-njrc-, B. 
='ic. H. "ftelwi, H. »J.iin,H. " s«>b, B.; s^ll^ V.; 

gnib 1, U. " ^ntelcb n»^pi^, II. ■ tic, li. " Kccnocot', B. 



3. For foulness and putridity of the mouth and of 
the taucea, take this wort tiibuluB, sodden, pomtd it 
with honey ; then it healeth tha mouth and the 

i. In case that stones -wax in the bladder, take seed 
of this same wort, pounded eo green, administer it in 
Uqnid ; it ia of good effect 

5. For bite of snake, take seed of this ilk wort, 
pounded so green, by weight of five pennies, give ii 
to be dnmk ; also farther, take this wort with its 
seed, pounded, lay it to the wound, it will relieve the 
wownded ■man &om the mischief. 

6. Moreover, seed of this same wort dmnken in 
wine, is holesome against a drink of venom. 

7. Against fleaa, take this same wort, with its 
seed, sodden, sprinkle it into the house; it killeth 
the fleas. 

• cxuu, 

1. This wort, whidi is named xe»u5*j M>d l>y 
another name ^eo&aTie, is of. two kinds, though the 
one be greater, the other less ; the less than hath 
small and diminutive leaves, and a very agreeable 
odour; and the other hath larger leaves, and &t or 
fleshy, and an oppressive smell, and the roots of these 
worts are useless ; but the stem of this wort with the 
leaves, strewed about,^ and set on fire, pnts to flight 
snakes; and also it, when pounded and wrought into 

* This passage is from Dioskoridex, Ui. 1^36. The drawing 
in MS.T., fol. 57 c, ia like a Stellaria or a Galinm (H.) 

^ In art. oxxxv., for jinbrtpeb Dioskortdea had m^oAtv- 
ofurty, made into litter, aud here ifwanfttniiuni ; the reading 
jnibfcpefa ia a mere error : see jinti for ^eonb, in art. CL., see 
alao cu. 4, 



jepopht Juejia' nsbjiena j-lite jeluele|> >j heo jmectaf 
*j micjea)'* ^ jrlean' Scpelle]r- •] heo eac fpylce ealle 
punba jelacoa'S -j heo eappoSbciLyfye * )Mef mi^Jvu) 
afeype)> • 'j heo }>a cynehcan aUe jeheele)> • ■] heo on 
ecebe jej'ealb pylle j>eoGum* helpe)>. 

peoj" pjpt oonize on pscejie sefoben -j purtenbum 
pij:e* Tint>eji jeleb' heo 6one cpijwm* apeojuDa)>. 

Gyp pip cennan* ne mssj^e nime tfyppe ylcan pyjirg 
pop ini!> pulle b€ on t>a jecynbeUcan • pooa heo )>a 
eeDDincje"' jeppemeji, 

Pyji Ba, colan pepopap jeniiQ jjap Jlcan pyjite peoB 
on ele mm J>oQne ^ne ele fmjpe" ])one lichaman 
fta pepojiap becS pjiam anybbe. 

pij) heapoii ece YyfX& py'pWi jenim 6a Ireppan pypc 
to clyj«n le5e to Bam pape heo hit jeliSijaJi." 

Foxep jlopa." cxltv. 

Pi6 Oman jenim ]»yppe pjpte leap J>e man tpjcnop 
manicop "j oKpum naman poxep clopa'* nemne]> pypc 
to cl^{Hia lege to )»m pape hyt jeli5i;a]>.'* 

Pijj pypeljenbe'" ho" f jpecap eppiuam nemnaS 
jenim ]«ip ylcan pjpte iSe pe tpycnop manicop nem- 
bun" ^ pmebeman" pypc to clyjMin leje to Jjam pape 
hjt by{>. jehieleb.'* 

' hijiB, B. ' micgBn B. • Fleaa, B. ' -nerF. B. 

' reoCnni, H. ' pije, H. ' seleb, V. omits ; Reifib, B. 

■epiWot H. *eBDiiu, H. B. " cndhics*. H-i cboduisc, B. 

>' OnjTu, B. " -«S*%> B. " From tbe tranipoution of iha Iblioa 
in v., thu Biticl« Is St fbl. SO. " elq^ had a tail added to the c 

in H., making g ( sloph B, '• -ejaS, B. •• ptplis-, B. 

I' Ko, H, " -bon. B. " jmebDian, H. B. " sebtfeb, B. 


VBOU luoBKcatmjEs, etc. 267 

ft plaster, healeth bite of Bnakea, ajid it killetli gnats, Att. czliii 
and midges, and fleas, and it alao coreth moreover, all 
wonndB, and it Btineth strangury, and it bealeth tbe 
kings evil,^ ntorbne regvus, or jatmdioe, and when 
exhibited in vin^ai', it healath the epileptio. 

2. This wort conyza, sodden in water, and mulieri 
sedenti suppoeita matricem purgat. 
_ 3. Si parere mulier nequit, saccum huioa berbfe cum 
lana ad natoram eius applices, cito partuu perflciet. 

4. For the cold fevers, take this same wort, seethe 
it in oU, then take the oil, smear the body; the 
fevers will be forced away. 

6. For head ache, take the lesser of these worts, 
work it to a poultice, apply it to the sore ; it re- 
lieveth it, 

FoxQLOVi. cxuv. Faiedy. 

1. For inflammatory sores, take leaves of this wort, 
which is named rrp6x*o( liavix^g, and by another name 
foxglove,') work to a poultice, lay to the sore; it will 
give relief 

2. For a pimply body, which the Greeks name ipmii, 
take this same wort which we named stiyctinos 
manikoe, and fine flour, work to a poultice, lay it to 
the sore ; it will be healed. 

* EingB evil, ttcrtpty. Dioekor. 

Strychnofl manikos is Solanum insaaum fairly drawn, 
HS. v., fol. 60 a, not an English plant, and certainly not 
fozgtave. The leecbdome here recorded seem derived &om 
what Dioakoridee says of the ■rrpux'^ nv^''^ '• namely, t^ 
S£KMt KoraTTMirrinfra dfit,S^ii a/if ifuirixiijna Kai tfxijTaf ; tad 
BO OU of KC^aXaXyiet and 7t«^x*< xavrti/ttytt and ^oAiyia. 
(ir. 71.) 


Pi6 heajrbe]* fape -j j>i6 Jtuj- toa^ati hferan' -j pi8 
cyjinlu jenim \&\ ylcan pypw mib ele jecDucube* 
Imype' J>a j^p hy* coj-lapail' 

Pi)» (Stepa' eajtena pajie jenim jjij-fe' fylfan pypce 
peap mit) poj-ati^ peape bpype on, ^ eape. 

Pi8 Jwne bpijean' pepop jemm )>ap pypce tie man 
jl^cypibam ■] c^pum naman Demne)> pyl on 

peapmum psecepe pyle bpincan Iijc ppemaf" njt;hce. 

6ac" ppylce J>eop pylpe pyptr CiBpa" bpeopca pap ^ 
Jiiepe" lifpe -j Jwepe'* bleebpan -j Jfjepa" tebpena mib 
jepobenan" pine ;eh8ele)> • eac heo" Jj^pftenfeon J>one 
Jjuppe jehJujatS." 

Pi^S leahtpap fiiep muj>ep j'ypj'e ylcan pypCe pj'j>r- 
cpuma" ^eeCen oB^ ■ jebponcen" pel ppema'B ■*' -j )n* 
leahcpap jehBelet"" eac** heo punba jehselej* ^pmib** 
jepepebe • -J pe pypccpuma ppa pome" f pylpe je- 
;;eappa% Se na ppa ■ ])eah ppa pceapphce. 

pi5 f man jemijan ne mseje jenim ^yppe pypte 
pypttpuman Se man ptpuCium *] o])[tum naman 
lef pyle iSicjean** he )>one mij^an apCypeS. 

' luicu), B. ' s«caocobe, B. ' pnyTUit ". ' bic, B, 

• rlnp««, B. • Hip*, B. '(•>«. H. s IH«glbIe in T. ■ p5|»n, B. 

* bpQcui, H.; bpQiD, B. "nwraw^.H. " eic, H. "Hp*,B. 
" Npe. B., twice. " )rtp», B. " -non, B. " h jo, H,, as nnnnial 
■pelling. " -es»«, B. " -rpunun, H. " sebptmeen, B, 
» Ypttatf, H. " EelM61e«, R " Pfc, II. " t«p, B. " jwar, B. 
" t^cstn, II. B. 



3. For sore of head, and for heat of the maw, Fom"*" 
or vtomaeh, and for kernels, take this same wort, 
pounded vlth oil, sm^ the aores; they shall be dis- 

4. For sore of the ears, take thia same worts juice 
with juice of rose, drip into the eu. 

• lAqUOriee^ CXLV. GlfhrrUza 

1. For the dry fever, take this wort, which is named 
yXuxu^^i^n, and by another name liqviyn^, boil in 
warm water, give to drink, it will be of benefit and 

2. In like manner, also, thia same wort healetli sores 
of the breast, »nd of the liver, and of the bladder, 
and of the kidneys, if sodden with wine. It also re- 
lieves the thirat for the thirsty. 

3. For blotches of the mouth, a root of this same 
wort, eaten or drunk, is of good benefit, and healeth 
the blotches. It also healeth wounds washed therowltli; 
and the root also, in like manner, atchieveth the same, 
yet, however, not so sharply or e^caclottaly. 

Laihei'wort or Crowsoap.^ cxlti. ^^mmTs 

1. In a case a man may not mie, that in, fov rt- Sapamria 
terUion of urine, take a root of this wort, which is "#"""'"■ 
named <rrpov$ity, and by another name , ad- 

minister this; it stirreth the urine. 

■ The substance of the articles is found in Dioskoriden. 
The drawing, MS. V., fol. 60 b, is wholly destroyed. 

*■ The originator of the article is Dioskorides (ii. 193). 
The drawing, MS. V., fol. 60 c, has only the pointed ends of d 
few leaves left. The Flora Grieca and the drawing in the 
Vienna codex make ^irfuCSar, Saponaria officinalix. 



piiS lipep BeocDJije' -j piiS nyppye ^ pi* fpvShcae 
hpacan* jenjm ^ypfe pyjite Co bajve jecnucnbpe uine* 
onenlejie pilne fyle hjuncan on b}?an beope* hyt 
fjiama'S ■* ^ eac" hyr |>one mno^ pi^ Jreej* eaUaii' 
rojotennyrj-e jejlabaS ^ p Jpel fojiiS ;ebebe)>. 

pij> f {'Cauaj* on blsebjuen" pexen jemm ^j j-^lfan 
pyjire ibituCium -j Inbafcican pyjircpomaa *} &epe" 
yfjiTe^" $e man cappajup haceS cnuca Copomne fyle 
ttpincan on li^Son beope" hfc tolyre)?" ■& bUebpan -j 
4b stanaj* pop's jetebef" -j eac" ^pe" milcan ffip 
hyC tolypeji. 

JhiS hpeoplan" jenim ^j" ylcan p^pce ^ melup -j 
eceb cQUca topebpe" le^e Co Jiain hpeoylan" he hvS 

Gjx Seop pylpe pypt mih bepeniim melupe on pine 
jej-oben ealle ypele heapbnjppi*' -j jejabepun^ heo 

Seof pypc ^ If aizon "j olSpum naman 
jecpeben yeo ip fpylce heo pymle cpicu** sy -j heo 
ba];a^ elne lan^e fcelan on pncpep" jpeaCnypj-e ** ^ 
heo Ja pel pop^" ^ heo hapiA putxe leaf on** pn- 
jepej'*' Isenje ••* heo bi'S cenneb" on bunnm *j heo e£c 
by)) hpilon on pealle*" jeyeceb {Seoe pypC nub meolape 
jecnucnb" jehtele^" mfflnijFealbe" imcpnnmyjya** Bbj- 

' nen*, B. ' hpican, B. • scenocobpe mine, B. * bfoiie, Bl 
^niem&S, B. 'ctCtH. 's««Uui, H. * 6n Uabpan, H. 

• ►•pe, B. " pyjwp, H. " bfope, B. " c6, B. 

'• sel*t>e«. B. ■' tie, H. » ►tji*, B. » hptorlwi, B. 

" -btpe, H. B. " lipforlan, B. " -nob, B, " -n^T*, B. i 

-ayrjf, H. " FoL 69, T., of the raoent binding ; nngnnu, O. np- 
pliM; wa irLzux. "cnMiB.; cpica, sltered to epiee, H. "Horod 
gnmnikticl," " pngjiej-, H. B. " -nqT*i B.j V. omits five irotd*. 
" pon, O^ ind ondt* thiM Uaw. ■* Ui^ w, B. " pnQtca, H. B. 



2. For liver aickneas, and for oppressioB of the ^^jbmkwokt 
breast, and for n violent breaking, take a spoon fiill An. cxlvi. 
of this wort, beaten to duat. Administer it in lithe or 

soft beer ; it will be beneficial. And it also comforts 
the inwards against effu^ou of the bile, and conveys 
away the mischief. 

3. In case atones was in the bladder, take this 
same wort strnthiom, and a root of lov^e, and of the 
wort which is called oapparis or capers, pound to- ' 
gether, administer to drink in lithe mUd beer, it will 
relieve the bladder, and leadeth forth the atones ; and 

it also relaseth the sore* of the spleen. 

4. Against leprosy, take this same wort, and meal, 
and vinegar, pound tc^ther ; apply to the leper, he 
will be cured. 

5. Again, this same wort, with barley meal sodden 
in wine, removes all evil hardnesses or induraUons 
and gatherings. 

Orpine, or Uwlonq.*> CXLVII. StdimTA- 

^ " phiiM ii the 

]. This wort, which is denominated «<Jt;»ov, and by '"l^tEnglWt 
another name , is as though it were always " 

quick, and it hath an ell long stcdk of the greatness 
of a finger, and it hath &t leaves of the length of a 
finger. It is produced on downs, and it also is some- 
times planted on a walL Thb wort, pounded with 
meal, healeth manifold infirmities of the body, that 

^ Skirrhus, in Dioek. 

" See art. zux. The article is from Dioakorides, iv, 89. 
The flgare in MS. T. is an altered likene«B. The Tieona HS. 
baa a correct figure of Sempervivum arboreum, Fl. Gr. 478. 

"leosc B. "cwmeb.H.B.; V.buloct Bomein>rdi. 
■' secBOoob, B. » -hJ-. O. ■ -Ibn, H. 

-aelTc, O. . 



lichoman' p ly beprtenbe lie" -j jojipotufenyfj-e' Jxef 
licef "j eajena j-ajmyj-j-e* ^ hietan -j popbsejinetmjrlTe* 
ealle ])a]- ^m;* heo ;ehiele)>. 

Pi'5 Iteafob ece jenim ^ycfe ylcan* pjjite pof aizon 
im6 jiofau' pope jemenjeb" he^ectc f beapot) Jisep' 
mib hyc jelibi^aj'"' f T^p" 

Pi^ Jisejie'* naabpan j-bte )>e man j-pEJ&njioneni 
nemne]) jeQim ^a,f yleaii pypCe aizon pyle b|iincai) 
on hacon" pine,'* 

ep bo ^S ryJfe pi5 ucj-ibt ^ piiS pjrpmai* on innolie 
■j piis ppiftlicne'* c«le hye fpema^. 

AmuBcus, < 

eilen. CKLVIIL 

"ptS pisreji j-eocnyfi'e '" jenim Jjap pjptfi Jie man 

j-arajTichon ^ oSpam naman elleo ImreJ)" yy\e hpincao 

, ^epyl1«be'* heo jehmece)} )Sa aDpnnu ])am ptecep- 

pt^ocum • eac" fp^lce beo*° pn*™*)'" pi^ l>a unmihtic- 

nyi'pe** )ffiep miji^ -j pi5 Iffepa** inno^ Sptypunja." 

PiS pppinjap "j pib cobopjTen he" jenim ]?yYyf 
ylcan pypw leaj: pampuchon jebpijebe ^ jeonueube" -j 
mib hamje jemencjebe*' leje to Jiam pape hjz: pccal 
l>eppcan 'j haban. 

pi6 pooppionep fcincj** jenim J>ap ylcan pypCe -j 
pealc -j eceh cnuca copomne -j co plapcpe jepypc ie^e 
CO Sam fuiDje be bi^ ^ehieleb. 

' -haraan, B. 0. ' lie. H. • oejyt, B. ' -n»ri*. B.> 

twice ' Hose, II. * jlcan, O. ooia, and |«C ' ponm, 0. 

• -DWDfi-, B. • t«p, B. 0. •• -esa-B, B. " (lir, <). 

"&]■«, B. "McoD, B. " y. omits the Ihree lait irords. 

" licDP, H. " -Dt>rre, B. " hBcaV, B. " scrrj'**' "■ 

'• eac, IL * he, B. =■ Hiamafi, H. " ->i*TT*- !*■ 

" ISapa, B. " -nDSe, H. t II- bai here a folio miising, and the leaf 
had been cut out before Juniun made bin traaBcript. MSS. Bodl. 
Jnoiss, 5B, p. ISO. " lie, H. " secnnhe, IT., no bpfoTc. 

'" fitmteXKjirbi!, H. *" Itencs, 11. 



is, a bnrsting body," and putrefaction of the body, ()iiriKE,oi 
and soreness of the eyes, and heat, and bad bums. ^^ ^^j^j 
All these things it healetli. 

2. For head ache, take ooze of this same wort 
Mzoon, mingled with ooze of rose, drench the head 
tlierewith ; it reheveth the sore. 

3. For wound from the poisonous insects called 
f«Xayyia, O)' tarantulas, give as drink, in hot wine, 
tins saine wort aizoon. 

4. Again, do the same for diarrhoea, and for worms 
io the inwards, and for a violent chill. It is bene- 


1. For water sickness, that is, dropsy, take tliis 
wort, which is named tran-im^ov, and by anotlier 
name elder, administer to drink boiled, it checkcth 
the beginnings of tite disease for the dropsical. Also, 
in like manner, it is beneficial for inability to pass 
urine, and for stirring" of the bowels. 

2. For carbuncles,^ and for bursten body, or break- 
ings out, take leaves of tliis same wort samsuchum, 
dried and pounded, and mingled with honey, lay it 
to the sore ; it shall burst and heal. 

3. For sting of scoi-pion, take this same wort, and 
salt, and vinegar, pound togethei', and work to a 
plaster, lay to the sting; tlie man will be healed. 

• By the test of Dioskorides, rfif IfvtitfXara, ifw^at, nudi;, 
i^BaXitSf tp\tyitty£i, inifucoMita, it appcnrs thnt "bursting 
body " means brcnking out into eruptious. 

^ DioakoridcH, iii. 47. The draning is mostly gone ; the 
frurlification wae drnwn spiked, MS. V., fol. 69 li. 

'' Griping, from Diosk. rtfa^viUn/v. 

■* Diosk, only, aipei vitifnria, tceaU. 



' piB micele haetan ^ piS je]T>el Viejia eajena jeniin 
Baf fylpaji pyptre mib melupe jenue&cjebe -j to cli6an 
jepophte . leje to ]>am eajon by bi6 jeliSijah. 

peo]* pypt 6e man ftecai* ■] o^pum naman^ 
□emne)) iiseyB j-ttb mycel ^ ^ yj" fnuel -j jebpasbe -j 
heo rylf ;^r bo^ne jelic* buton* f heo b^a& pimoa 
beele niapan leap -j fci&ejiaa" 

■ Gemm J>af pypte jej-obene ffle bpmcan heo Jtopa 
b)ieojTa i^j\ jehsele]». 

Gac byt ip jepunelic^ f hy man to taane^um jo- 
bum bpenceon* jeraencje. 

Deof pyjit' Be man thyarpij*" *j ojijinm naman" 
iiemne}> bapa)) fmele" leaf on pinjpej- 
lencje'* -j cobielebe -j nyj>ep pi^S Jw eopjian ahylbenbe 
^ heo hapafi '* Bynne ftelan ■j lanjne -j heo bafoK on 
Ufepeapbum bmpene blojtman -j f ffeb byp cenneb" 
jinb ealne Jrone jiselan ■ eal Beoj" pyjit ij- frjianjpe * 
jecynbe *j bitcejijie ■'" iSypj-e pyjite poj- pel jeppunjen -j 
an" fcenc'* fol jebpuncen ealle Jia bitepnycpe "Se op 
)>am ^eallan cyme)> beo 'Supb ISa 3em»uelicaii ueobe •] 
■ISuph rpipSan ut anjbej'." 

' Only a few leltere remiin in V, ' H. omiU die ucelttt wordi. 

> selic, H. 

<bunui, ]I. '-pan, H. "In 


put D for G. 

' -lie, H. • U. omits bp. 

• pyi'". V. 

"tiipif, 0. 

" H. omits the lueles* wordi. 


-l-nse, H. 

'* V. omits Bttta wmits. 

» nenneb, H. 

" biteiie, H. 

" in, H., bat bj the « morosas." 

" i««nc, H. 

" fol. 70 Id V 




4. For mickle heat and swelling of the eyea, take Elder. 
the self same wort, mingled with meol, and wrought "tlmi. 

to a catapksm; lay to tlie eyes, they be relieved. 

French lavender * CXLIX. Zavaaduh 

m. ■ 1 ■ 1 ■ 1 / sfachax. Bot. 

1. This wort, which la named o-ti;^*;, armyii, and 

by another name , hath mickle seed, and 

the seed is small and diminutive, and tlte wort itself 
is like bothen or thyme, except that it hath in some 
degree larger and etiffer leaves. 

2. Take this wort, sodden, administer it in liquid ; 
it healeth sore of the breast. 

3. Also it is customarily mingled for many good 

Shepherds jmrse.'^ CL. Thymut 


1. Thb wort, which is named flAaffwi, and by another (Sprtngtt). 
name wild thyme, hath small leaves of a ^og^^ tursa vaaiia^s.^ 
length, and parted, and inclining downwards towards 
the earth, and it hath a thin and long stalk, and it 
liath in the upper part of it purple "^ blossoms, and 
the seed is produced throughout all the staUc All 
this wort is strongish and bitterish by nature. The 
ooze of this wort well wrung out, and a cup full 
drunk, by the common necessary evacuations and by 
spewing forces out all the bitterness which cometh of 
the gall. 

* From DioBkorides, iii. 31. The figure in MS. Y. is much 
the same as that of Cummin, art. CLV. The Vienna MS. has 
a figure judged by Prof. Daubeny " pretty good." 

'' lAiyrvTcu it xa) imiinif, Dioskor, 

'From Dioskoridea, ii, 186. The lirawing in MS. V. is 
"LepidJum or Ilieris," (H.). The Vicnua MS. draws iSAe^- 
herds purse, not Wild thyme. 

^ 'Tm'XdKO* is rather pink, whitish. 

s 2 



fieoj' rylpe p^l>t ealle }ia yfelftti jejafieiiunje Jiep 
innol^ef heo |!0)itiime]> -j eac' f)»ylce lieo pipa mono&- 
liean' afcyjicS. 

Otnninio]ibia. CLi. 

Beo]* p^jic {>e man polioj* ^ o})|iuin naman omni- 
mojibia neniiie]> 'j eac fume men-'' bara)> 

by|> cenneb* on trnnum "j beo oj: onum pypttjiuntan 
maneja reljpan 6j'enbel» •* ^ heo on uj^pejibum hafa)) 
j-ieb I'pylce cjioppap *] beo if bepejon ppcece •" y bpon 
pepebpe on bypjmcje. 

Pi6 neebpan pbte jenim Jijpr* pyp'^^ P^r P^bop on 
pteCepe jepoben pyle bpincan byC 2ehfele)> "Sone pbce, 

' JhB paerep peocnjfle bo f PJ'^F" ^S'^ t^^^ mnofi 

piB milran j-ape jenim Jjap ;fIcaQ pjjite poliop pe(^ 
on ecebe pjle 6pincaii nycbce heo Jione milr peocan 
jehielej) * 6eop pylpe p;^pt; on bupe jeptjieb o)»)« on- 
leleb ntebjian aphjeji -j eac* ppylce beo mpc punba 

Hfpericvm Deop pjpt Jw man hypepicon i oj^jiura niunan 

iiTthe'^CTiDa *^P'oo nemnejt pop jebcnyppe* cymeaep beo baf'a)> 
MS., and not leap'^puban jelice" ■] op aniim frelan uianeja teljpAn 
crisptm. peaxaji'* -j )>a peabc ^ heo li(ipa)> tiloptman" ppyloe 

banpjjic ^ beo bapaiS bepian pjnepealte •] Iipon lanje 

' tie, H. ■ moDoS, not lic«n, H., aod the Anna o tnatd. 

■ H. omitt the nseleM wordi. * heo briS canneb, H. ' ftpcD- 

b^, H. * h«F<5on rpKoee, H. * H. omitt thii line. * cic, H. 

• -lie-, n. B. » li-ar, B. " gelice, H. B. " peairti, B.; 

I>«Te%, H. " blonnan, B. 

■ From DioEkori<Iei<, iii. 124. "Polios" is also Omnimor- 
tiia in Isidorun Orig. xvii.=xTiii. 9, See back, rnf. Lvm. 
Tlie two figures ia MS. V. ai-e ualiko. 



2. Tliis same wort removes all the evil gatherings of 8ulpiif.kds 
the inwaiils, aod it also likewise provokes rei rm j^j^^i 
y-juxiKiiy KaTafLriYia. 

Omnimobbia.* CLI. 

1. This wort, which is named ts'^iovj and by another 
naioe ouuuiaorbia, and which oJso HOine men call 

, is produced on do\vii3, and it upsendeth 
many twiga out of one root, and on the upward part 
it hath seeds as bunches,'' and it is heavy of savour 
and somewhat sweetish of taste. 

2. For bite of snake, take ooze of this wort polium, 
sodden in water, give it to drink ; it hcalcth the bite. 

3. For water sickness or dropsy, do the same, it 
relaxes the inwards. 

4. For sore of milt, take this same wort polium, 
seethe it in vinegar, administer it to drink, usefiilly 
it healeth the milt sick. This same wort spread 
forth in a house, or burned, turns to flight snakes, and 
it also taketh away new wounds. 

° CLII. Bypcrkum 

1. This wort, which is named iiwepixov, and by 
another name x^putv, for its likeness to cummin, hatli 
leaves like rue, and of one stalk many shoots wax, 
and they, red, and it liath hlossdms as bone wort, 
and it hath spherical berries, and somewhat long of 

^ Ktr^KtXjov h' Sjifiv Kifvu^tAif u< takikv ■tflx", Dioek., a small 
corymbose head like hoar hair. The ucxt clause is ill trans- 
lat«d hy our text ; Dioisk. has " hcKvy of emcl), with Gonie- 
thiiig of agreeable in tbc odour." 

' The drawing, MS. V., fol. 70 b, has outline of//, crispum, 
but the red of H. coris. From Dioskoridc?, Hi. 161. The 
clause about cummin differs; HyperUium corit, Bot. is the 
plant (Sprcugel). 



on bejief mycelnyfj-e on ]»aiD f\ ssefe ^ f j-peapt -j on 
j-ptece iffloe Cyppe*' i heo bi6 cennefe* on bejanum 
fropum* fieoy pipe jecnucub' *j Je^puncen )>one 
mij^ran afcypep ^ heo )>a monofilicaa punbojilice bey 
jyf by man tSiun jecyi^bcaii lime unbepjeleje)!.* 

Pi6 pone pejrop ]ie JiJ- feopSan hte^e on man be- 
cjmej** jenira J>ap ylcan pypte jecnucube" j-yle bpuican 
on' pint'. 

*pi6 tStejia" pceancena'" jeppel -j ece jeuim j^Jpfe 
ylcan pyjite pieb pyle bjimcan on pine • bmnan" peopep- 
tijan'* bajon • he bift- jeliiplet). 


Cnieia aeama, Deop pypC )>e man acanta leuce ^ c^pum naman " 
faiiMri^o^in nemQeJ* by6 cenneb" on fcaenijam" jTropnm 

in the Vienna -j on bunum 'j heo hapap leap ypylce'^ pnlpef camb 
8- ^ ^^ ac hi" beo)> meappjian" ^ hpitpan -j eac jejtufpan" 

■j heo hapaS cpejea*" elne lancne*' fcelaa on pnjpep 
Speacny'ffe** o86e pumon biele" mapan. 

pi8 f ** man blobe hptece** -j pi6 ]»sef majan pape 
jenim 8ap ylcan** pjpce acancaleuce cnuca ro bupte 
pyle bpincan on*^ ptetepe** anne" cuculepe*' pulne hyr 
pperaaB" pel. 

piS Jitep*" mi^Ban aptypunje ^enim y&p ylcan pypte 
ppa popije jecnucube** pyle bpincan heo 6one mijSan 
pO]i6** jeliebe}'.'* 

' cyi'SC, H., crent. ' cnnneb, U.B. 's^ciOCo^iB. ' -leK*. B.j 
-lri«, H.i rather fo^(A, than h^lh. 'becymS, B. 'Srcnocobc, B. 
' un, ]I. ' H. often puts the slope in this nty. ' t«t^ B. '* p:uic-, 
B. " binnoD, B. "-tison, B. " H. O. omft the oedeM words. 
" ciennch, H. B. " fren-, 11. ■■ fi^lcvf, 0. " his, B. " So B.; 
mealuppnn, v.; mea|iu|>fisi), H.; ineBrufrso, O. '■ eic Hn»l>> H.; 

Se^GipBUt B. " cr'Sri. U-. viihbiit accent, B. " Unsiie, II. B. O. 
" -nerre, B. » oj-frer Aun bale, O. " *, H. omiU. •* faptfce, B. 
"rlp'O.B-i lw)r|>..O.i ylcan in V. is doited for WMore. "on, U. 

* pacere, O. " *nne, B. " cucelrrne, O. *' n»>o*S> H. 

" ^Kf, H. omita. *• sccnoeobe, B. " iis for rop«, B. " alnbeV, B. 



the mickleness or size of beer or barley, on whioh is Art.ciii. 
the seed, and that swart and in smack as tar> And 
it is produced in cultivated places. This wort pounded 
and drunken atirreth the mie or urine, and it moTcs 
wondrously the xaraj^qNK, if it be laid under the 

2. For the fever which cometh on man the fourth 
day, that is, a quartan, take this same wort, pounded, 
give it to the pali&iit to drink in wine. 

3. For swelling and aching of the 8hank8,<= take seed 
of this ilk wort, give it to drink in wine ; within 
forty days the "man will be healed. 

*= CLtll. CarduM leu. 

1. This wort, which is named axatia. Xsux^, and by f^"^^ 
another name , ia produced in stony places K»ther 
and on downs, and it hath leaves ua wolfs comb, but lanvgin^va. 
they be tenderer*' and whiter and also tuftier, and 

it hath a stalk two gUs long of the greatness^ of a 
finger or some deal bigger. 

2. In case that a man break blood, and for sore of 

the maw, take this same wort acantha leuke, pound it ■ 

to dust, give the man to drink in water, one spoon 
full ; it serveth well 

3. For stirring of the mie or urine, take this same 
wort, so oozy, poundedj give to drink ; it forth leadeth 
the mie. 

• Smelling of reeiii, iu DioBkoridew, ^n^'W^ oS"'- 

*> Compare the original, Bifavtiti ii !irx>c^ai; ivi ^f»fa( y.. ^l 
irvifiia riyi/uKir. Seialica ; the beverage is administered for 
the forty days. 

e Fiom Dioekorides, iii. 14. The .hawing in MS. V. is not 
a cDi'duiist, and it is "not- much like " (II.) cratagus oxy- 
acantha, which would have been interpreted whitethorn. 

■■ There had been something illegible, it should b« 

* Tbickneea, tdixtf, Dioak. 


piC ypele Itela jenim |»ar Jlcan pjjiee pyjie to 
cly)>an leje Co ))ain fajie lieo hyc apyjune)> •' Yyyyc 
sylfan pJjiCe fy&e" Jsejia' coja raji* jeliQijaiS' jyp 
h^ne man ppia peajmiae on ]fam maj>e jebcalbe)?." 

Pi6 h]iammaii jenim' J*ixr^ ylcan" py|iC6 yseb ;t- 
cnucub" ]*yle bpmcan on pteCo|ie'" hyr Iielpe]» fe sylfa 
bjienc" eac j-pylee onjean naebbpena plite pel pjie- 

6ac'* fpjlce jyp mon" faj* pypw on numnep fpypan 
aliehfc" heo nsebbpan aflj-je];." 

iSibthorp and 
(lie fig. in the 
Vienna MS. 

[Beopypt.] " CLIV. 

£)eo]' pypt ]>e man acanton -j o]))mm naman heo- 
pypt'* nemneS byji"' eenneb*' on pynpumon" fCopnm** 
•J on pffiCiim -j eac** fpylce on rnenijum. 

piiS [sBp** inno)'er afcypunjc -j Jwep uiij]nin jenim 
)?ypfe ylcan pyjite** pynrcpuraan** jebpijebne" -j* to 
bupte jecnucubne** fyle bpincan on penpnium ptetcpe. 

pip lunjen afcle ^ pitt jehpylce Jpelu** Jie on ))am*' 
innoCe 6ej»e|> ^op pjlpe pjpc pel ppcmaB" jej^ijeb 
Jiam jehce \a pe hep bepopan cpwbon.** 

Cymen. CLV. 

py5 ]>Bep majan pape ;enim )>yrpe pj'pcc pn?b J>e'* 
aan" quimminon ^ oppum naman" cjmen u«ttine)> 

'Smtm, H. 

• Hp», B. ' Tiji, B. 

•>ine ri^,0., lol. 39 = 5. 

'«, H. B., roKovti 
' -eS»«, B. • -b»«, H. „ . 

• gecnocob, B.j -«ab, O. " psnn, O. " biwnc, H.j bpjne, B. 

" rpama^, H. " This & omitted in V. Ie from H. " rnan, B. 

■* ipcofian Bhe«, H. " aBys«, O. " b«ii>y|it, text of V., index 

of V. O. " beopnre, O. " bjb, etc., O. omi 

11. B. " -runiO, R " lanbe, H. 

nmibu " JiilTr fyiT, O. " -men, 0. 
-be, II. 1 gecDOcobt, ~ 

g, O. omit* 
" -me«, O. 
»mia, H, 

DiS, H. 

m cfK'SoD, O. 

«■ eic, H. '■ Jwr. O. 

" -be, H. O. » -), ■bo 
yfcle, 0. " J^m, U. 

" '^1 0., quarn. 



4. For evil weals ,» take this same wort, woik to a Art, dUi, 
poultice, Uy to the sore, it purgetb it; the decoction 

of this same wort relieveth the sore of the teeth if a 
man boldeth it, so wann, on the mouth.^ 

5. For cr&mps, take seed of thio same wort, pounded, 
give to drink in water, it helpeth. The same drink 
also, likewise serveth well against bite of snakes. 

6. lu like manner also, if this wort is hung upon a 
mans neck, it settetb snakes to flight. 

BeEWORT ? " CUV. XniAot 

1. This wort, which is named axd>iiov, and by an- woolly leaved 
otlier name beewort, is produced in winsome places,'' *.'^'^" ""^ 
and in wet ones, and also further, in stony ones. Un^liiU 

2. For stirring of the inwards.^ and of the mie oj-*''"™'™'' 
urine, take a root of this same wort, dried and 
beaten to dust; give it to be drunk in warm water. 

3. For lung diiiease, ' and for the several ills which 
vex in the inwards, this same wort is very beneficial, 
taken in the manner which we before mentioned. 

CUHUIN." CLV, C<tmi»um 

cgntiKitm. Bet. 

1. For sore of the maw, take seed of this wort, 
which is named xuftivav, and by another name 

' Olij/uiTa, Diosk., iwellingi, 
i> A>iu\b^/i<n)f ; rinced in tlio mouth. 

' SlelUriii Lolostoa (II.) ia druwn ; MS. V., fol. 61 iv. 
From Dioskoridc^ iii. 19. INirn to art. vji. 

•1 nafabtlmif, parit, D. 

• KoiAui hnStrt, D., lAe roots itay the howeU, arc attrtHt/ettt. 
' ^iiriKoi(, D.,_/br consumptive peopU. 
(The paiutiiig, MS. V., fol. 61b, is "very like," (H.) 
Originally from DioakoiidcH, iii. 68. 



on ele jepobene ■] mib fyfefton jemencjeb •* -j j-pa* 
rojsebepe jepjlleb pypc Jwnne' ico clJJ>aii leje to 
6am* innojw. 

Pyj> Djjipyr' jenim faf Jlcan^ pyp^^ quimmon -j 
pretep' -j eceb* menj* tS j-omne ff\e bpincan'* liyt 
fpemafi" njrlice* •] eac on pine'* jejnjeii'* heo nreb- 
bjian '* flite pel jehseleti. 

Pi)) ftsepa'" mno]>a to^unbennyj-pe '* -j hsetan •" jemin 
O. condcDHB. \i&Y ylcan pjpre nub pinbepian" jecDUCube"' mib bea- 
nenon meolupe** pypc to c1^]hiii heo jehselej* 6r to- 

6fic rpylce blobjiyne** of n»i-))yplon^ heo jeppiB 
mib ecebe jemeenjcebum.** 

Carlina ^Seoj- pypc )>e man canieileoa alba -j oppum naman 

A^ma^ummi-V^'^y'r '^T^'' nemne)> hapafi lea; pijwpptebe -j ^yjinjhre 

/era. 'j heo hafa)> on mibban pimne pnepealcne cpop ^ 

^ypnyhtne" ^** ]"e bi|» bpim** on bloinnsa*' behsepb 

■]** he hajraS hjnt sseb ^ bpime pyptpuman" *j rpj*^ 


pi)) p pypmap on" )>ani inno)>e ymb Jione nofolan 
bepjen jenim ^iffe ylcan pypCe pyptrpuman peap o^e 
bufc fyle bpincan on pine oi^ on psTepe ]>e ^i piepe 
opjane o66e bpeopje bpofle on jepylleb hyt: pnme fa 
pypmar pop(5 jelsebe]).** 

' -Njn SfmBnsbe, H.; senwDS^b, B. 'tpit, M-; ^ O. 

■ |>on*i H. ' Iwin, H. * nf jipcr, B, * ylcan, H. 

' p*cep, H, "-tw, O. 'niKns, H. B. ■• bpincan, H. 

" fpamsilt, H, " fine, 11, " geti^Fb, B. " nnbpui, H. 

"|»apa, B. O. '■ rohunbrnnen*. B. "biEciin, H.i 

hifctan, B. " nnbtpimn, H.j pinbepsan, R; -ne, O. "sfcno- 

cobe, B. i and addi otSSe. " in«lu]>r, B. " -ncfre, B. 

" not, 0. " -leo, O. " .mnns, B.; -seb. O.j very little <rf tbtM 
fonr linei U legible in V. " D omitled by mbricator in B. 

»*rer»l, B. "-b«, II. " i, H. twice omiu. " bpun, H. 

" blorman, B. " -CCji-, H. " Eer^iencne, B. " on, H. 

>> 5eliUie«, B, 


fbom dioskosides, etc. 283 

sodden in oil, and mingled with flour ; and when so Cumhin. 
boiled tf^tber, then work them to a plaster, and lay * 

it to the inwards. 

2. For oppression of the chest, take this same vort 
cummin, and water and vinegar, mingle them together, 
give to drink, it will prove beneficial ; and also 
swallowed in wine, it healeth well bite of snake. 

S. For swelling and heat of the inwards,^ take this 
same wort and wine berries, pounded with bean meal, 
work it to a poultice; it will heal the swelling. 

4:. It also, further, reetraineth a nmning of blood 
from the nostrils, along with vinegar mingled. 

Wolfs teazle.*- clvi. Dipiacut 


1. This wort, which is named ^xft.eii\taiv Xiuxo;, and 
by another name wolfs teazle, hath leaves reversed 
fmd thorny, and it hatli in ita midst a round and 
thorny knob, and that is brown beaded in the 
blossoms, and hath white seed and a white and very 
fragrant root. 

2. In case worms vex a in the inwards about 
the navel, take juice or dust of the root of this same 
wort, give to drink in wine or in water, on which 
previously were marjoram or pennyroyal " boiled ; it 
clean leadetli forth the worms. 

' Dtoskorkles hail hlinur, a decorous csprossion for ifxti", 
the Latin for this, tcsticulorum, has been Irauslated as if 

^ See art, XXV. Tlie figures aiffer. Dioskorides, iii. 10. 
Kuhn and olhera now fix on Acartta gummifera. MS. V. 
draws Cnient prateniis (H.) The word "i-cverscd" ia not 
found in DioskoridcB, Ijut all the thtstlo tribe protect theii- 
leaves hy tliorns pointing backwards as well as forwards. 

' Only ifiyitiv in Dioskon 



pyffe syljran pyjite pyjirjiumau pif peneja* jephte 
on pine jejujeb* fa pseteji I'eocun 5ebpije|> Caj- j-yljmn 
pt:|ienj]Hs^ heo hapa)» jepylleb -j jebjiuiiceii pi6 Jiej- 
mijliaii eajifolShcnyjja.* 

Deof py]itt l^e man fcolimbof -j o))j)um nanrnn'^ 
nemnc)> on pine jepylleb -j jebpunoen heo 
y<me pilau jrenc* bsejia' oxna ^ eallef ^j* lichanian* 

6ac j7jlce Beoj" fylfe pypt; Bone pal)Xinceaban 
inijt>an fopSjelsebe}) • ^ eac lialpenbne' mtfCe mannum 

i)eo]' pypt }>e man ijiij' illfjticam *{ otipum naman 
nemnej>'* if jecpebcn ipij* illypica op Cwpe" 
mifenlicnyri'e"' hj|ie blojrmena'* fojipy" J>e if scCiiIit 
'^ hco Jwne lieofonlicau bojaa mib hype bleojc'* c):en- 
liBce j-e'" If on leben'' ipip jecpebA • y Leo on illy- 
pico f™! lanbe fpiCojT " ■] ftpeajofc'" pexe)> -j heo 
hafa& leaf ^eebenan jehce );a jpecaf xipan hari^ ^ 
heo bapaS Cpnmne pyptpuman ^ 'pyl'^ jefrencne •* 
•j t>oDe man fveal mib Imenan cla))e befealbau" -j on 
[•ceabe** ahon ol^e be jebpijeb beon meeje f**P'^*' 
bya jecjnbe ij* y?^^ bar" -j fleepbiepe. 

G^p hpa mycelne bpacaa" Irobje -j he jione bim 
ea)>ebce p|iam'* bpinjan ne*' nueje foji ftycnyppe -j 

' [MDCSt, H. B. ' SeWBtb, B. 

• fiT«iW«., H. 

•-nJTrc, 11.1 -oerr. B- 'IJ- »»"''* 1>= 

ntelets Tords. 

' irtnc, B.i (tiSdc, )I. ' t>aj.a, B. ' -hom-. 

U. • hal- 

p»ntw, B. "11. omita the nseleMwonto and nemncK 

" f«pr, B. 

" -IKJ-, H.i -atm, K- " blornitna, B. 

" roi'>«. B- 

» bliosc, B. '• seo, 11. " laben. U. B. 

'• fpfiSor. »■ 

"jwb*, B. 

»P>pH. B- "bfa,U. «hiUuan, II. 


" ne, U. omits. 



3. A root of this same wort, by weight of five Wolm 
pennies, taken in wine, drieth the water sick, that in. Art. civi, 
abatea dropsy; it hath the same strength boiled, and 
drunken, a^nst difiicultiea of the mie or uHne. 

Artiehokefi CLVii. ShJipmMi 

1. Tliis wort, which ia named o-xo'xu/m.-, and by 
another name , boiled in wine, rcmoveth the 
foul stench of the armpits, and of all the body. 

2. In like wise also, this same wort leadetli forth 
the foul stinking mic or urine, and also prepares 
healing meat for men. 

Flower de luce.^ CLVIII. IrUJlormlUa. 

1. Tliis wort, which is named Iptf Ix^u^ixq, and bymVa, 
another name , is called iris Illyrica, from 
the variegated show of its blossoms, since it is thought 
that with its colour it mateheth the heavenly bow, 
which in Latin is called iris, and it waseth most and 
strongest in tlie land Illyricum, and it bath leaves 
like gladden, which the Greeks liight -^ifm, and it hath 

a firm root, and very fragrant; and one shall enfold 
this with a linen cloth, and hang it up ia the shade, 
till ti)at it bo dried, since its kind, or nature, is 
very hot and sleep bearing. 

2. If one suffer mickle lireak, OuU is, a great collec- 
tion of phlegm in the throat, and he may not easily 

■ Originally from Dioskoridea, iii, 16. Artichoke is drawn 
in the Vienna MS. Knikos pratensii was Sprengels ioter- 

*> Tlie (Irawinft is destroyed, MS. V., fol. 62 a. The original 
is Uioskor., i. I. Isidoms, Orig. xviii. 9, abridges in nearly 
the same words. 



ro hnefce' jenime op pffje pyyite pyjitjimnan* Bsep 
iiufcef i"ni»le seenacuhej"' Cyn peneja* ^eyihve fylle 
bpincan ftejtenbe on liJ>oii beojie peoj>ep jVKnoe^^ 
Jjjiy* hu^Bj tip fieec he jf jehieleb.' 

Sam jelice ^ bufc* Jiyrre fylpan' pypte on lij'on"' 
beope jel^iseb" Cone ]-lep'* onjelsebe)) •" -j eac" Jwjm'^ 
iniio]fa afcymmje jeliJujaiS." 

Gac" j-pylce f buyc j'yfj'e ^Ican pypte nsabbjiena 
j-liCaj- jelacaaj)-'* ^ pylye jeinet ^ pe hep'* bepopan 
cptebon JMBf buj^ej" fiyj-j-e ylcan pypte ipip lUyjiice pip 
an mib ecebe jemencjeb ** "j jebpuncen hyc ppematS*' 
^am" )?e hip jeoynbehce yteb him pyip pyllep pjiam 
jepitejr jK)ne leahtop jpecap jonophoeam nemne)> • jyp 
hit )ionne poShce ))am ylcan jemece mib pine je- 
msenjeb" by)> hie })ffipa'* pipa moNo^Ucan afCjpeC 
Jieah hy"" fflp lanjfe*" pojJsetene*' ptepon. 

pi6 cyjinlu -j pi6 eaJle ypele" cuiniilu jenim Sjppe** 
ylcan pypte pypttjiuraan** ppa anpealhne pel jebpi- 
jebne ■" -j j-iftCan jepobenne" cnuca hyne Sonne ppa 
hnepcne pypc to cly)>an leje to 8am pape hyc co- 

Gac** fpa pome** hyr ppemaB" pib Step heapobep* 
pape mib eo^e ^ mib popan pope jemencjeb," 

Pi8 lipep peoonyppe jenim J)ap pypte pe man elle- 
bojium album "j ofipum naman^ nemne]; 

jebpijebe ^ to bujte jecnucube" pjle bpincan*' on 

> c, erased in H., >ruhiiig to make xohnen^, loughiuM, ' -ntan, H. 
'-cnuC^, n.; sccnocobtf, B, * p«De^ H. B. 'Tc«Dcar< B, i 

MOftm rraencear. H. • |>j"is, B, ' seb^leb, B. ' jma K, H. 

' jlcsn, H. '* liiSao, B. " bcope Ret'Iseb, B. " n«p, H. 

"-Wb-, B. "eiic. H. "(«pB,B. '*-rsa«, B. " eic. H. 
"• -1bc_, B. " hi^ji, B. " senjMDBet'i H. B. " n<i>iiis$, H. 

" t«Di, H. " semetwEub, V. H. " t«yi», R = his. B. 

" l»iiK«. B- " ropl-tWt H. " y)-*lu, B, » ««r. n., eipecting 
•* -mio, H. " srtjiiErte, H. " -ieoe, H. B. 



bring it away from him for its thickness, and as too Flowbk i 
neah, let him take of the dust of a root of thie .^'''^,";.. 

' Art. clnil 

wort, pounded small, by weight of ten pennies, give 
to drink to the sufferer, fiiating, in lithe beer, four 
draughta for three days, till that he he healed. 

3. Like to that, the dust of this same wort taken 
in lithe beer leadeth on sleep, and also alleviatea 
stirring of the inwards. 

4. In the same way also, tlie dust of this same wort 
cures the bites of serpents. The same quantity that 
we before said, of the dust of this same wort iris 
lUyrica, mingled with vinegar, and drunken, is of 
benefit to liim, cui spoute semen naturale profluit, 
quern morbum Gneci yovoppoiitv nomioant. Sin autein 
eodem modo cum vino ad mensuram datur, femi- 
narum xaTctft^tuc provocat, etsi multo ante teinpoi'e 
interrupta sunt. 

5. For kernels and for all evil lumps, take a root 
of this same wort, so entire, well dried, and then 
sodden, pound it then so nesh, work it to a plaster, 
lay it to the sore ; it removes it. 

6. It also, moreover, is of benefit for acre of the 
head (if) mixed with vinegar and ooze of rose. 

While kelkbore.o- CLix. 

For liver sickness, take this wort, which is named 
hellehorua albus, and by another name , 

dried and knocked to dust, give to drink in warm 

• The drawing in MS. V. has some reaemblance, but i 

■ Etc, H. " r«ine, B. " ipiuna'G, II. " hcafber, B. 

" semancseb, H.i -imiie-, B. « H. amUa the laeleu wordj. 



)>eB)nnum pjGCcjie (jtoj" hnfCei- ]"Jr cuculepaf (mile hrc 
5elacn(^' jm, hj-iie fiec j-ylyc ij- pjiaiDijenbltc •* Iccebom 
on pine jejjijeb* onjean eallc atxpu. 

pits Jwim F^pps* I'fi yf yeo'pJ&a.n bieje on' man 
becymej"" jenim Ji^ff^ Pyp^^ )'<^*P ^'^ man' belfimon -j 
o]>j>iim numiin' nemnej* j>el jejafeepoh 

'j ^ inib pipO]>e jeciincub •* -j jeraentr^eb '" "j &epa" 
pipe|ico|ina j-y of eji trel f yy )onne fy f opman " fueje 
an " 1 J>|Ute) J • -j (>y oKjinm bieje peofont JTie • -j fty 
)>pihbaD bseje Jjpeotj-ne •'* jj-f Jiu him" ])ip fyllejx 
tofopan litepe'" jenealiGCiDC3e ])top pepopef punboplicpe 
lipjtjbnyrj'e" he biS alypeb. 

£)eop pypt: ]'<i lU'^'Q asciof "j o]>pum naman'^ 

nemnej' IiafaiS j-asb jelic niebbjian lieafbe -j Iieo'* 
liapaS lanje leap -j pijje ■;( Iieo maneja ptcUm of 
hjpe apenbejj'* lieo hapt^ J>yiine leap -j 5a hponlicc 
}>y|inihre ^ heo haf^ berpeox pnm leapon" bpune 
bloprman** -j betpeonan" 6am blopcmum** heo hap^ 
ppa pe Hip cpEobon ]a3b jelic nsebpan heapbe ^ hype 
pyjitcpuma yp jehpEube -j ppeapt. 

Pyjj njBbpeaa plitap" ^enim SjTpe jlcan pypte pypt- 
puman" pe pe leciop nembon pyle bpincan on" pine 
iijc FpemaC* je £e)i iSitm phre je sepcep • 8e pylpft 
bpcnc** eac** ppjloe )»epa" leiibena" pSp jebfiijaC •** 

< SeUcnol!, II 

' n>85™W'c 

, B., to. 

•S^iRt*. B. 

I^pe, 11.. by 

'6n, n. 

• -cym«. B. 

V. omiw two 


• H. omitB the UHkM phnse. 


'•-mOT5-, B.;-; 

moDo -, H, 

■ "H". B. 

' rwiitnn. IL 

"in, B. " )>|ieorcf:ne, B. 

»>, H. omit^ 

■ t«pe. It. 

" -I1.-IT*-. B. 

" II. omitl 

the ludecs words. 

• he, V. H. 

» .r-nbrf', B- 

«i Icnron. B. 

« hlnrnuiD, n. 



water, of the dust six spooDB full ; it cores the liver. Whitb 
That Bome is a beneficial leechdom Bwallowed in wine, Art. cliz. 
against all poisons. 

Field Icerkapv/r.^ CLX DdjaiKm 

' emuolida. Bol. 
For the fever which cometh on a man the fourth 
day, take joice of this wort, which ia named iiX^hiov, 
and by anoUier name larkspur, well gathered and that 
pounded with pepper, and mixed, and of the pepper- 
corns let there be an over tale, or odd numher, that is, 
on the first day, one and thirty ; and on the second 
day, seventeen ; and on the third day, thirteen. If 
thou giveat him this before the access of the fever, 
with wondrous quickness he will be released. 

•• CLXI. Echiun, 

This wort, which is named ix""'* ^^^ ^7 another '^'' ""' 
name , hath seed like an adders head, and it 

hath long leaves and stiS, and it upeendeth many 
stalks out it ; it hath thin leaves, and them some- 
what thorny, and it hath betwixt the leaves brown 
blossoms, and between the blossoms it hath, as we ere 
said, se^d like an adders head, and its root is minute 
and swart. 

2, For bites of snakes, take a root of this wort, 
which we named echium, give it to drink in wine, it 
is beneficial either before the bite or after. The same 
drink, also similarly relieves a sore of the loins, and 

■ By the drawing, MS. V., fol. 62 c, Larlepnr ia intended. 
^ Originally from Dioskoridee, iv. 27. A fanciful Dgure in 
MS. v., fol. 63 a. 

■words. " rliCBf, H, " -eiminui, H. 

» f pamB'S, H. " bpinc, B. " bp»nc ■ Roc 

" iKitbrna, B. " -tgaV, B.; 5et>iS°^i H. 



^ eac' lipije on bjieorCon meola jejeapp^-* SoShce 
an mihc Jr fffT^ pJl"^* • "j ^T pj^jitn^uman • "j )wef 

Deof pypt ye man centunopbia -j oSpum 

nenmej>' byj» cenneb* on be;^^^"^ jxopum 
•j on jTsenijum *j ^' on bununi" -j on pynfumnm' 
j-copum ■ "j heo* op anjie t^p maneja bojaf &fen- 
be)j •• ■] heo If jehpffibon'" leapin" ^ pnepealcon ^ 
coj-hrenon" ■] heo bajraJS jiaj* mihte to lacnunje • pf 
topf " on hjucje gS^ on Jjam bojnm apjpb ff't 
hyc open bJ jenim Jw,]" pypCe ealle jebpisebe ^ Co 
fpyfie'* fimelon" isupe jecnucube" jej-ceab" to Bam 
pape heo hit jehfele]) • Jiu punbjiajT: tSeepe'* jefjiem- 


Deof pfpc fie man pcopitiaf" -j ofipum naman** 
nemne)) hapa)* j*psec fpylce leac" y heo eac 
Fopjty" j-copbioj" jecpeben fy • ^op pypt hf^ cenneb** 
on mopiiin *j heo hapa)' leap" pnepealte ■ *] iSa" bit- 
Cepe*" on bypjincje •*' •] heo hapa)> peopep ecjehne 
j^au "J pealupe blofcman.** 

' e&c, H. ' -papaS, H. ' H. omiti four words. < cwnnpb, 

II. B. 'fin in V. B. H. ■ fefiniun, H. ' -samon, H. 

• hSo, n. * BjMobeV, B. '* ~lipi66-, B. " IcefMi, H. 

■■ -iioii, H. " bopr. altered to b(r[rji, AuMp, H. " rP>H»it &• 

" jnmloii, B. "secnooobe, B, " sercati, B. <*^apc,B4 

)«)U>, H. " jcopbior, B. II,, and index of V. » B. omits U>e 

niwItsH words. " Ie£c, E., and omils three vords. " fopCis, B. 

" cKime*, II. B. " leaj, H. » twoK, 11. ndda. " bic«ii[ip, H. ; 
bicepe, B. " ^pnje, B. " blonnan, B. 



also when dry promotes milk in the hreasts. In fiwjt, Art. clxL 
there ia one amd the eame efficacy in the wort, and 
the root, and the seed. 

This wort, which is named centimorbia, and by 
another name , is produced in oultivated 

places, and in stony ones, and on downs, and in 
winsome places ; and from one turf it upsendeth many 
boughs, and it is of minute and round and serrated 
leaves, and it hath this might towards leechening. If 
a horse he injured on back or on the shoulders, and 
the sore be open, take this wort, all dried and pounded 
to very small dust; shed it on the sore, it will heal 
it; thou ebalt wonder at the benefit 

Water germander)* OLXin. Teuhnm 

shontioa. Bnl. 

1. This wort, which is named o-xopBiov, and by another 
name , hath a smack ■> as a leek, and it also 

hence is called skordion. This wort is produced in 
moors, and it hath round leaves, and them of a bitter 
taste, and it hath a four edged stalk and fallow 

• LoTcU, Lyte, Nemnich agree that Centimorbia ie Nnm- 
mularia, that is, Lyrimackia nummtilaria, Bot., but this 
plant does not agree with the description in the text, for it 
grows on very wet soil. The figure in MS. V^ fol. 63 b, has 
an upright stem. 

" The first sonrce is Dioskorides, iii. 12,'). The figure in 
MS. v., fbl. 63 c, ia " a very neat representation of Epime- 
dium Alpimtm" (H.), Barren wort. 

* Oafeg, Diosk., smell, " The whole herb is very bitter, 
with a strong disagreeable Kcent, somewhat approaching to 

T 2 



JhrS )wer mijISan aftypimje jeuim J>af pyjice fcopbioj* 
rpa sjiene jecnucube •' -j on pine jejiij^ oftSe bpijje 
on pine Jepylle^e yyle bjtincan heo |>OQe mijSan 

Sac' f rJlp* jrpemaiS* pi6 nsebpeoa^ plitap • -j pi6 
ealle atxpu -j pi& I'tej''' majau pape fpa pe tep cpfebon 
piB ]>tef mijftan ypm'Se. 

PI'S ^ jefijnnincje ysey poppnej*' ym' ^ bpeofc 
jenim ^j* ;^lcan pypra tyn peneja' jepihte mit> hnnije 
jemencseb'" fyle. Jncjean" anne" cuculepe pilne J* 
biieofc beoB aFeopmnbe." 

Pi8 poc able jenim jiap ylcan py'pte on eretw je- 
cnucube'* o^fie on ptecepe pyle bjiinean hje ppema^'* 

pilS mpe punba jenim ^aj Jlcan pjpte pjlfe je- 
cnucube" leje to ■5am punbam heo hy" 5el)eobeJ» • 
^ eac" heo mib humje jemenc^eb" ealbe punba 
apeopma]? -j ;^ehasle]? •*' -j eac hjpe bujT pexenbe*' 
plmrc pel jehniece|i,** 

Be«d Jf tfivM, Deop pj'pt J>e man ami** -j oSpum naman milainm 
Laudfns?. neranejt -j eac pume men harafi"* hapaC je- 

cpeme pseb to Isecebome ^ on pine jepealb** byC pel 
ppemaft** pi?*' fsep innoSep aptjpunje ■ "j piB eappoB- 
licnyppe** 6fep mi^San • ■j pi6 pilbeopa plitap ^ eac" 
liyt 6a mono^lican FOpSjecijeJ* • ^ pi6 pommap Ixep** 

' 5«cnocabe, B. ' Aft-, H. 

* Dvbpan, H. B. ' har> H. omlta. 

H. B. * (MBDeSB, n. B. 

■■ ticcnn, H. ; hcsim, B. » vnne, B. 

" Sfcnocobe, B, "rpftinaiS, H. "secnocobe, B. "1"5. B. 

'• eac. H. '• -tattac-. H. i -mmis-, B. " -hM-, B. 

" jwax-, B. » -hn*c-, B.; -hnec-, H. = atnt, O. " H. O. 

oDiil the idle wordR. " IKflBlb. O. " n'*»i*Vi B. " pS, 



2. For stirring of the mie, take this wort skordiou, WiiER 
BO green, pounded, and taken in wine, or boiled in ''J^"^"' 
wine, dry, give it to diink; it stirreth the mie or 


3. The same also is of benefit for bites of snakes, 
and against all poisons, and for the sore of the maw, 
as wa ere said, for disorder of the mie. 

4. For the runoing of ratten about the breasts, take 
this ilk wort, by weight of ten pennies, mingled with 
honey, administer one spoon full ; the breaste will be 

5. For foot disease, take this same wort, pounded 
iu vinegar or in water, give it to drink; it helpeth 

6. For new wounds, take this same wort by itself, 
pounded, lay it to the wounds, it will unite them ; and 
mingled with honey, it also purgeth and healeth old 
wounds. And the dust of it also well restraineth 
waxing flesh.' 

>> CLXIV. . . 

^miNi eepticmu. 

I. This wort, which is named ififii, and by another 
name milium, and which also some men call , 

hath seed convenient for leecbdom, which is given in 
wine ; it is of good benefit for a stirring of the inwards, 
and for difficulty of the mie or etra/ngwry, and for 
rendings of wild deer or heasta, and it also calleth 
'forth the xxraf^i^nix. And for blemishes of tho body, 

■ Uiifa If IntftrafKuiiaTa iTTcXXct. Dioskor. Lye gave a 
wrong Benae to ^ehniecaa. 

>> From Dioskorides, iii. 70. An umbelliferouB plaat is 
drawn, MS. V., fol, 58 a. 

■-nerre, B.; MrfornjflV, O, 


lichaman' jeaim yyfye fylfau' p^pte* fseb mib huiuje 
jecnuculi* hyt apJupeS' )ia ponunas. 

Pi6 seblsecnyj^e* •] ^hipnepj-e Jisef lichamaD' bo 
f pylfe •' 1* yj" ^ 8u ]»one" lichaman mib )>aDi ylcan 
jermype'" o66e " J7le bpmcati bytr ]» sehipnej-fe" 

:Mn pypt. CLXY. 
DiotkoridcB U Deor p?nt !•« man uiolam h ottnum naman ban- 

coMidered ^ . ' ^ ' tc \ x ^L a I™ 

ducribe cot pyjic DemneD yj- epeopa cynna ponne yj- an bpun 
Viola, but the ba]-up . ^ oj^p hpit-" ^pibfee ip jeolup ■'* Conne ij- j^o 
Mattliiola jeolupe fpa I'eah fpijioft" Iseceon'* jecpeme. 
'ck^^hua P'^ )^r ^P'***"^ r*l'^ 1 P^*^ t™^ hfetan" jenim Jiaj- 

dw^(,our ylcau pyjite jecnucube'* -j unbepjelebe" heo hyne ;e- 
fl™' er*° ' ' l'tte|> • eao fpylce heo 8a monotShcan fojifijecijej*. 

Pi)> mij-enlice'" leahBpaj- B»p bBBcJreapnuip*' ^ pa- 
jabaj" hacaB" ^ ij- ppa Jieah J7160JT Jwej* blofeej- • 
utpjne jeDim jjyrre Jlcan pjpte leaj: jecnucabe** ^ 
ro Gly)>aD jeraencjebe** hy** |)a untpunmylTe'* ealle 

pyppe*' pylpan pypte leap** mib hamje jecaucube** 
•J jemencjebe*" Jwne oanoop Jxepa*' co6a jehseleft** op 
iSam pop ope 6a te]> fealleB." 

py]7 iSa monotSlicaD to apt^pijenne** jemm }^Qe 
yloan pypte yajbep cjn peneja" japihta ob pine je- 
cnueub*' -J jebpuncen o6iSe mib lianije jecnucub" -j 

' -mon, B. ' ylcw, H. ; B. O. omit. ' ptrnu), Bl 

' -«o&, O. ! secnocob, B. ' anr)>e1S, O. • -nerrr, B. 

' -bom-, H. ' H. repeats li ij-lj*. • (hjS, V. " ^»», B. j 

-rn, O. I" o««er, 0. " -nftTa, 0. " hpfc, B, " scoUi, B. i 

Selupe, H. '' Tpijiott, B. omita. " Imon, B, " hiican, B. 

" gecnocobe, B. " -Icbe, H., by contractioni ~^l£be,B. ™ nu)xlicei B. 
° -mer, B. " haM«, H. " secnocobe, B. " -nuanc-, H. 

" his, B. " ~ne)7e, B. . " P, omitted in B. ■* \aj, E. omht, 

ipoiling (he wnse, ■ secDocobe, B. " -matiic-, H. ; -msng-, B. 

>■ ->apa, B. " sehtfletf, B. " rMlU«, H. ; scretUeC, B, 

" -Eynco, 11. " pxae^a, II. B. " gccnocob, B., twice. 



take seed of this same wort, pounded with honey -, it 
removes the blemiflhes. 

2. For paleoees and discoloration of the body,'^ do 
the same, that is, that thou smear the body with the 
same, or ^ve it to be drunk; it taketh off the dis- 

Bone wort, Yellow pan»yy> clxv. v 

1. This wort, which is named viola, and by another 
name bone wort, is of three kinda ; one is a hrown 
purple, and another white, a third is yellow ; the 
■yellow then is the roost suitable to leeches. 

2. For sore and heat of the n%rpa, take this ilk 
wort, pounded and underlaid, it lighteneth the heat ; 
it also calleth forth the xarafi^viM. 

3. For various maladies of the back gut, or a/nu8, 
which we call ^aynSaj,'' rents, that is, however, chiefly 
an outrunning of the blood, take leaves of this same 
wort, pounded and mingled to form a poultice; it 
healeth all the inflnnities. 

4. I^eavea of this same wort, bruised and mingled 
with honey, heal the canker of the teeth,^ from which 
often the teeth fall out, 

5. For the xarafi^vist, to stir them, take of seed of 
this same wort, by weight of ten pennies, pounded in 
wine, and drunken, or bruised with honey, and laid 

■ Dioskorides was rather different ; Tfitti it ko! xf*" 

" Tite source is Dioekoridee, iii. 138. AivxiUy ; and the me- 
dieval synonyma are Viola alba, Viola matronoUs. Stock 
seems drawo, MS. V,, fol. 58 b. 

' 'Payd^i tii; iv ian-niXi^ ; Flinius has " Eimas aedis." 
CeUus also, vi., xviii. 7, de Ani morbis. Bays, " Ac primum in 
CO sspe, et quidem pluribue locis, cutis scinditur ; fay^ia 
Grffici vocant." 

'' "Xiptoi, Dioskor. 



to ^m jecynbelican lime jelefc' hyr |ia moDoSlican 
afcypej)' ^ ^ rabbe|i op ]>am cpifian seUebejj. 

pi6 milT%ii ]-ape jeaim ])yffe ylcan pyjire pyptrpu- 
man on ecebe jecnucubne' le^e to 'S«pe* milraa hiC 

pi-JS nipe |nu^>els ^ eae* pi6 ealbe jeaim jjyjre pypte 
leaf )>e maa uiola puppujiea -j oiSpum naman 
nemnejf ^ jiyj-le' se^J^peT jelice mycel leje Co ^Sain 
ptmbum fceajiplice hyc hy* jebfeleS* -j eac jej-pel -j. 
calle ypele jejabepunja hyr col^felS. 

pijj ■Stej- majan heapbD^fle" jenim YJfye ylcan pyptc 
blojTanan'" on hunije jemencjehe" -j mib fpi6e jobon" 
pine jepepebe ^my majau heapbnyf •" by6 jehllSisab." 

£>eop pypr ])e man zamalentition -j o]>piun naman 
nemne)T bytt cenneb" on foenijum jropum 
■j on bunum. 

PiS ealle'^ punbela jeniin y&f pypre zamalenCition 
pel nub pyple jeenucube" butan" pealce leje Co Cam 
punbum efJJe beo by" jehsele)*. 

€j:C pi6 cancop punba jemm \>&y ylcan pypce zama 
lencicion jebpijebe** 'j Co fpyjw pmalon bupce jecnu- 
cube'^ leje to 6am punbum ealne ]>one biCe ^fep caocpep 
beo apeopmi^. 

■ se, H. <»mtai ^Hb, B. * -jiati, B. ■ SMnocobne, B.; -be, B 
< t«pc, B. * jpamsIS, H. • die, H. ' jile, B., an etror. ■ hi;, E 
'nerre, B. " blorman, B. '■ ^iubd£-, B.i scmeacseb, B 

" SohiDi H. '* -nq-, B. " -«Sob, B.; -150b, H. " CKtmeb, H. B 
B.; Seenobe, H., by coDtractioD. " eon, B 
Sccnobe, H., by coatnc 



to the naturalia; it stirreth the xnraft^yta, and leadeth Bomewokt. 

6. For Bore of the milt, take a root of this ilk wort, 
pounded in vinegar, lay to the milt; it benefits. 

The violet.^ clxvl f 


1. For new woonda, and diao for old, take leaves of 
this wort, which man nameth viola, purpurea, and by 
another name vioUt, and iat, of either of them alike 
much, lay to the wounds, shai-ply it healeth them ; 
and alao swellings and all evil gatherings it dissipates. 

3 For hardness of the maw, take blossoms of this 
same wort, mingled with honey, and soaked in very 
good wine ; the harduess of the maw will be relieved. 

1. This wort, which man nameth zamalentition,^ and 
by another name , is produced in stony places 
and on downs. 

2. For all wounds, take this wort zamalentitiou, - 
well beaten up with fat, without salt, lay to the 
wounds; it healeth them alL 

3. Again, for cancer wounds, take this ilk wort, 
zamalentition, dried, and pounded to very small dust, 
lay to the wounds ; it purgeth away all the bite of 
the cancer. 

■ Some approach is made to the purple violet, US. V., 
fol. 58 c. 

b Zamalenttcion. MS. T., foL 57 b. The figure in MS. V. 
ghows a root, three stalks with opposite seeaile leaves and 
terminala. ZamalentitioD, a xiv. century Latin MS., Triii. 
CoU. Cambridge, O. 2. 48. 



,_. „. CLXVIII. 

The Vienna 

MS. has a r. . « i x 

"good" Gg.ot veoB pypc ^' man anoufa "j oojium naman 

fn'-\"'M^v ^^'^^"P'- ^j* cenneb' on bejanum [Topum -j on 

hai »'beti«r. rmejiuin ^ fta)- pypCe 6n fceaic niman on 5am* niOD]>e 

6e inan' majiCiaj* haCe]> •• ftyppe pypte synbon' trpa 

cynpenu * an " i j- 6e appjucani bapbaram neuuiaC '* 

v. is here o))ep ys to Isecebomum f pyj»e jecopen ■ ^ Beof byiS 

fretted Bwaj. cenneb" pypraeft on Cam lanbe iSe man peppa" 

hatej>" -j heo yf* )-ceappoo leapn *j Jiypnihrum" 

bucan fcelan." 

Pi5 popbjBpnebnJffe" jenim J>yppe pypte pyptrpu- 
man" aucupa" on ele jepobene** "j pi6 pex" je- 
mencjetine** ^am jemece |;e ]>u plaprep o[i]?e** cly)>an 
pjpce leje ro Jjam bsepnjrte** punbopbce hjc je- 

Colianbpe.*^ CLXIX. 

^X'*^ Beoj" pypc"' yp ppUiop jecppben pop Bam )» beo 

hapaS pteb ipylce plean ]waoa by man eac** on leben** 
pulicajiem nemneB -j by eac pume men** . , . . -j 
heo hapaC" jehptebe leap -j puje" "j heo bapaB" p^elan 
^ iSone on bojum jejtupne -j heo yy bjujoe** jecynbe 
■j tybjie" ■j beo by6 cenneb"" on bejanum fcopum. 

' >■, 0. * O. omiU 1 o. n^ and breaks off tlie eentenee at neiDDeK -, 

U. onilte four wards. ' ctenneb, II. B. 'on IS, II. otaits. 

'H. 0. omit man. ■ hdceS, B. 'synbo, V.; finbe|>, O. 

■ cyone, O. ' in, B. '* memneS, B. " cnnneb, H. B. 

" -re, C, and omita maa. " baceti, B. " yT, O. omits, 

"-hce, O. " bucon irelon, B. " -rbn-, O.i -nen*i I*- 

"-pep-, H.; purerume, O. "hacce, 0. adds. *■ -fteoei for 

-tM^nne, V. B, H. ; -bone, 0. "peai,B, "-nuans-, Iti -Seb, 
" oWS, B. " -netce, H. B. O. » seh*le«, B. "A Iblio is 

here nisaing in B. It i« alag not foniid in the transcript made bj 
JunioB. The heading colianbpe ii an error ; it might be lieaban, 
_fleaha«t. In 0. the heading ii, Psillior : puticapta. *' jijir -p man 
cpebcn, O. " eac, H. " Inben, H. ■> H. omita idle «onla, and 


Anchaiia line- 
loria. Bol. 


» CLXVni. 

1. Thia wort, whioli ia named »yx'">'"'t ^^^ ^7 
anotber name , is produced in cultivated 
places, and on amooth ones; and thou ahalt take tbia 
wort in the mouth which is called March. There are 
two kinds of this wort, one is that which the Afiicana 
call barhatuB, bearded; the other is much approved 
for leechdoms, and this is produced first in the land 
which ouQ calleth Persia ; and it is of sharp and 
thorny leaves, without a stele or stalk. 

2. ^For a bad bum, take a root of this wort 
anchusa, sodden in oil, and mingled with wax, in the 
manner in which thou wouldst work a plaster or a 
poultice, lay to the bumj wonderfully it bealeth. 

CoaiAMDER." CLXIX. ,. . . 

The fig. ID MS. 

1. This wort is called ilnJxAiov, since it hath seed as p}^,^^"i. 
fleas (^u>Jiti being fiea), whence in Latin also it is Uma nor CoH- 
named pnlicaria {from pidiaem, fiea), and some men but'more like™' 
also call it JUa loort; and it hath minute leaves, and P-istmaca 
rough, and it hath a stalk, and that tufty with boughs, "'"'"'""■ 
and it is by nature dry and tender, and it is pro- 
duced in cultivated places. 

■ Sprengel sa^s, ''A'yxwira= Anchusa Italica, A. iitffi=A. 
tinctoria, and A. r/ilrii^Litho-Bpermum fhicticosum. The 
drawing in MS, V., fol. 67 a, " may have been intended to 
represent the root and terrestrial leaves of A. tinctoria." (II.) 

'* This leechdom stands first in Dioskorides on Anchusa 
(ir. 23), but the previous paragraph is not found in him. 

<= This article is abridged from Dioskorides (iv. 70), Plan- 
toga piyllhtm is drawn in the Vienna MS. 

O. tMigw. " li»F«. H' " V. seemt to have puhe. " hmfX, R. 
" bjiise. H. " V. cBn Marce be read here. •• c«nn«b, H. 



PiB cyjinlu' -j pi6 ealle yfele sejabejiunja" jemm 
fyiT* Pyp^ rsBbef jecnucubef* an ele fsec ful -j 
cpejen boUan fulle pjerejief menjc* coj-omne' j-yle 
bprncan •' mm ]>oime o): Sam {■yljsji jtebe pypc 
blajTeji' leje to Sam j-ape liyt byf jeluelet). 

pi6 heapib pajie bo j! fy^pc nii6 jioj'aiL po]*e" ^ mib 
psecejie jepej-eb." 


J6»o M«p<r- Deof pjjit Jie man (^oj* batup -j o^jium naman 

A^ ofHfita ii nemnejj 'Sonne hy man op Cam Tcelan 

meni b; Dioa- jeuime]> heo bi6 )>am joman"* ]xiB "j pi^pprebe pop 

beny). mece jejiiseb ac heo fpa J)eah (Sa bpeojx afeopma^ -j 

[•pa hpylce Jnnoj fpa pynbon apope oiSCe bitepe 6eah 

hy )>am majan t>epien hi fpa )>eah 'Sfepe milt;an pel 

ppema^ ■" Jiyppe ylcan pjpte blojrma" jebpuncen ppa 

I^one man. jelacna^ ^ he Jniph ■Sone" mi^j^an pop* 

jelfebeb biK • "j he eao blobjiynaj- lipeopma)?. 

6p pi^S milran pape jenim" yyfae ^Ican pypte pypr- 
rpuman op 'Seepe jimbe pel apeopma)>ne" leje ro Stepe 
milran hyr bi5 hype nythc -j ppemjenbhc ■" "J fe !« 
)>ypne l^cebom )K>la]) he fceal uppeap6 licjean ]>y leep 
he finjeJjyliM; ^ pTpen5)>e" I'Jpfse lacnuoje onjire.'* 

Deof p;^pt iSe man" ajlaoponp -j o$]mm naman*" 
nemnep pcmeiS on*' nihte ppa bitepe*' -j 
heo msBj piB maneja unrpumnyfj-a.** 

' cnruln, O. '-punse, H. ' r*b •S'ciiiicube, E. ' nuuk^.H. 

' u) gaboe, 0. * bpfocan, H. ' plalbqt, B. An initial p wat 
foreign to an Eogle. ' poh, O. ' pel sq^^eb ^ mengeb, O. 

" semoD, H. " fpvnaV. H. " Uoltman, H. " Snpli Cone • innot 
^, H. addi. "^cnim, H. "-mob-, H. " TpunScnUic, H. 

" fCptendfe, H. "onsece, H. "min, H. "U. ocnhi foor 

words, addi heo ; 0. Bnpplies the blank Tith toxtt glooa, fbL 94=9 1 bat 
the drawing in T., tbl. 6G a, ii not fozgloTC. ■■ 6n, H. *■ tdyre, H. 
"-netTe, 0. 



2. For kemeb, and for all evil gatheriDgs, take an CoKiiin>«E. 
oil vat full of the seed of this wort, pounded, and 

two bowlfl full of water, mingle tt^ther, give to 
drink. Take of this same Beed, work a plaster, lay to 
the sore; it will be healed. 

3. For head sores, do the same, with juice of rose, 
and soaked in water. 

Evergreen rose. CLXX. Rotatrmptr- 

1. This wort, which is named xuvo; ^onas, and by 
another name evergreen rose* when a man taketh it 
from the stalk, is stiff to the palate, and unpleasant for 
meat when swallowed, but it notwithstanding purgeth 
the breast, and whatsoever things be harsh or bitter ; 
though it vex the maw, yet for the milt it is of good 
benefit. A blossom of this ilk wort drunken, so 
leecheth the man, that it thi-ough the urine is led 
forth ; and it also purifieth blood runnings. 

3. Again, for sore of milt, take root of this ilk wort, 
well purified from the rind, lay to the milt, it is 
profitable and beneficial to it; and he who endureth 
this leechdom, shall lie upward, lest he impatiently 
nnderstand the strength of this leeching. 

I. This wort, which is named ayXaafayrii, and by 
another name pceony, shinetli at night as a blaze, and 
it is powerful against many infirmities. 

■ See DiosfcorideB, lib. i. cap. 123, sod observe the vari&tiona 
0itfu«{ {irrt, t^i^ii it it ottnott a tree. 

*> It appears b^ the medisval mai^nal notes on Djoskortdea, 
that the 'AyKat^wrli is the same plant aa tbe Paeonia, and the 
same pbraee about " ebining at night " is found in our text, 
at art. lzvi, Flinius speaks of Aglaophotis as one of the 
portentous tales of Demokritos, xxiv. 102. The figure in MS. 
v., fol. 66 a, is not pieony, and seems monstrous. 



PiB J»one pefop 8e |>y bjiiitbfeii' y ■8J' feopBan bieje ■ 
on man becyme)» jenim ('jxr* Jlt^n ' pjpce j-siip 
ajlao}:orii' mib jiofenan ele jemencjet)' finj^e )>one 
reocan imcpeolioe ^ hJTie alypelt.* 

Gyp hpa' hjieohnyfj-e on pepjcee' |>obje jeninie' 
Caj- jlcan pjpce pop pycelj-' omelebe" j-eo hpeohnjj-'* 
hyS fojibobea. 

Piy hpammaa -j pi6 bijmnje" jenime J>af sylpan 
pypce hfflbbe" mib him pf hf Jronne" hpa mib him 
hepeS eaUe ypelu'* h^« onbptE^ifdS.** 

Pububenb." CLXXII. 

piU milTan pape jenim )>^e pjpl::e p^ttjraman J>e 
man cappapif 'j o)7pum naman pabnbenb" hac^ cnuca 
to bapce • -j jflpjpc co clyjian leje to JStepe milcan he 
hj abpy;^ ■ ac'* j-pa J?eah JeppiB Jrone" man J>J Isej- 
he Jmph f jHip 'Sa lacnunje*" op him aj*ceace ■ ^ septep 
Jipim tibom jelteb hfne to bse}>e y hjne" pel jeb^a 
he by|> alj^-eb. 

" CLXinL 
©eop pypt ye man** epinjmf -j o]>pam naman 
nemne]* hapaS hnepce leap** Jionne heo eepept acenneb*' 
hyl> • ^ 6a beo6 pejiebe on*" ppsece •" -j hi man |«jej» 
ppa oCpe pjpta" p^tSiSan hy heo6 pceappe ^ ■Sypniht** 
■j heo hapaS etelan hpitne*" oBCe jpenne on fep 
heahnyppe upepeapbpe" beoB acennebe" pceappe ^^ 

> H. omits three vmit. ■ fie&a, H. • -mmae-, B. 

< alerelt, H. ■ bfi, H. ■ on vjptfjftte, H., oa cnanre. 

' ■^eaaik, H. • rewir, O. • 611-, H. " -ayWe, O. 

"biTunse, K "hibbe, H. "Hmne, O. "ealUtpl*. O. 

" Half a line in V, Jb gone. " rubabeb, H. " -beb, H. <• e<c H. 
'* Wne, H. " Ifc-, H. - " hifie, H. " •rBsrere^here, B, hy 

Jater hand. "m£ii, H., omitting three UMkM vordB. "leiri H. 
» af Bnneb, H. B. " 611, H. *" rpwcoe, B. ■ I7i>c*> H. 



2. For the fever whicli cometh on a man on the An. dxxi. 
third and on the fonrth day, take juioe of this same 

wort aglaophotia, mingled frith rose oil, Binear the 
sick ; induhltably thou shalt release him. 

3. If any one suffer stormy weather, in rowing, let 
him take this same wort, set ablate for incense ; the 
rough weather will be countermanded. 

4. For cramps, and for quiverings, let the patient 
take this same wort, let him have it with him; then 
if any one beareth it with him, all evil ones will dread 

WOODraND," falsely. OLXXIL Convi^Bulas. 

1. For sore of milt, take a root of this wort, which 
which is hight capparis, and by anotlier name wood- 
bind, pound to dust, and work to a poultice, lay to 
the milt, it drieth it ; but notwithstanding, wrap up 
the man, lest ha through the sore, shake the leechdom 
off him, and after three hours lead him to the bath, 
and bathe him well ; he will be released. 

Sea hoUy> clxxiil Enp,gi^, 

1. This wort, which one naineth ^piyyinv, and \^y '"'""""^'""■ 
another name sea holly, hath nesh leaves when it is 
first grown, and they be sweet of savour, and one 
partaketh of them as of other worts. It is at a later 
period of ita growth, sharp and thorny, and it hath 
a stalk white or green, on the very top of which are 

■ The name woodbind must have been set upon the page by 
one who bad in view a drawing of the Capparit apinoia, Sot. 
The fig. in MS. V. compared with that in Flora Gneea, 486, 
appears correct. 

^ The original was Dioakorides, iii, 24. 

* bypmihce, H. " hjiicDc, B, " life-, B, 


)>Jjinyhte pilar • ^j heo hajoiS lancne' pj^tpnman -j 
Jrone utepeapbne ppeapme • "j j^ bi6 jobef j'psecef -' 
^r PJT^ ^yf cenneb* on felboii* -j Sn piSepjuebon' 

JhS prey mijlian aicyjiunje jenim Jwij* ■y\eaa pypte 
J^e pe epinjiuf nembun' jeonuoufae' j7le bpiDcan on 
pine nS j5 an* jS heo |K>ne ]ni;))an ajtypej*- fie eac" 
fpyloe 8a monoj^lican >! ■S»r iimotSef aftypimse" 'j 
CoCanbenyfle heo rolyj-e])* -j eac pi6 lipeji j-eocnjffe" ^ 
pi{S nsebbjiena plicaf heo pel ppemaC." 

6ao'* fpylce pfS mstm^ealbe leahrjiaf }aejia** inno^ 
heo pel Fpem^" jejnjeb nub Jirejie*" p^tre paebe )>e 
man obpatpum nemne^. 

pi6 Jwpa*' bpeofra'* jeppel jenim iSap ylcan pjjite 
to clyjjan jepophee leje to Cam bpeofcan" ealle )«i 
ypelan jejabepunjsa** on buran" ^a bpeofc heo to- 

Pi5 fcoppionep rcinjc*' -j pi^SS ealpa nsBbbepcJnna" 
plicap ^ eac** pi6 pebe hunbep phte jenim Jiaf ^Ican •' 
pypte pypc to plaptpe leje to Beepe" punbe ppa f peo 
punb ppa )>eah eepefe mib ipepne jeopenab" pj' *] 
p^56an Jwepto jeleh** fpa f ye peoca Jwne ifcene*" ne 
onjice. Gac*" ppylce J>eop yflye pypt piB oman pel 
ppema]>*' on J>ap ylciui pipan jemetejub** •] eac** heo 
potable jelifti^aiS'* jyp hy** man set pp^jw ro 

■ lausne, B. * jptcectr, B. * oooeb, B. H. * jnlbnm, H. 

* -bam, B. • -faon, B. ' gecnocobe, D. ' in, H. ■ tic, H. 

"irrjp-, H. " reic-, H.j -nerre.B. "ppimsB.H. " Eic, n. 

" J«p», B, " rpuittS, H. I* Ntpe, B, " tipa, B. '■ -eoo, B. 

" -iton, B. * -nnse, H, ; -nnsa, B. " -eon, B. *■ ttense, H. 

" iiKbbpe, H. " eic, B, " H. omits two word* " %pe, B. 

" Miob, B. »* J«p is«Ieb, B- • fKnc. II. " efc, H. 

" niamafi, H, " -gf*. B. •■ eac, H., omits. " -*s«*. B. 

» hi. B. " -legS, B. 



produced sharp and tJiorny hairs, and it hath a long Sba hollt. 
root, and the outward part swart^ and it is of a good ^"^ "''*'"■ 
smack. This wort is produced on fields, and in 
atubhom places. 

2. For stirring of the mie or wnne, take this same 
wort, which we named erynginni, pounded, give it to 
drink in wine; not only doth it stir the mie, but 
also similarly the xarctp^vKx, and it relieves the stirring 
and swelling" of the inwards ; and it also is of good 
effect against liver BickneBa and against bites of adders. 

3. It also, moreover, taken with seed of the wort 
which one nameth oluaatrum,'' is of much benefit 
against manifold disorders of the inwards. 

4. For swelling of the breasts, take this ilk wort, 
wrought into a poultice ; lay it to the breasts ; it 
removes all the evil gatherings about the breasts. 

6. °For sting of scorpion, and for bites of all sorts 
of serpents, and also f^inst bite of mad hound, take 
tliis same wort, work it to a plaster, lay it to the 
wound, so that the wound, however, be first opene<l 
with iron, and (the application be) afterward so 
thereto laid, that the sick man may not perceive the 
smell. Thw same wort also is of good advantage 
ajTainst erysipelatous swellings, tempered in this same 
wise ; and it also mollifies gout, if one layeth it to 
at the beginning. 

* 'EpmuftaT^ircif, inflations. 

" Sro^'XiMy, one of the carots ; olusatrum is imtaf-Mn:, 
alexanders, imymium olutatntm. 

<^ This paragraph lias but little from Diosl<oridc!<. 


CLXxrr. [date. MS. O.] 

Bar pyjtte man fhylantjiopoj" ' nemne}) ^ fY o^* 
upe je)jeot>e' meolupjenbe^ pojifiy* heo pyle hjueblice 
CO iSam" men jecljpan ^ heo hajraJS j^eh jelic manner 
napolan' \>a. man eac^ ojfjium naman claee nemn^' 
•j heo op hjpe maneja bojaj"^" aj"enbe)>" -j J>a lanje 
■j peopepecje -j yj* fci^ on leajrou -j heo hajaS 
5j\eame" rtelan ^ hpice blojTman'* 'j heo ha}»S 
heajib" fsei* ^ finepealr ■^ on mibban" hoi spa pe sep 
cpffibon J>am" jemete {« byi! mannep napla." 

Pi6 nrebpena" j-htay" -j pi6 jjejia" pyjmia ^" 
man** fpalanjionef bateji** ^enim" J'yjTe P?P^« po^ 
jecnucnb** on pine j^le bjuncan** hyt pjiemt^.*' 

|>i6 eapena* fape jemm l>;^l'j'e* ylcan pjpre jwp 
bpype on f eape hfe jehsele)) ^ i^p. 

Deoj- pypc )?e man achillea*" •] oSpum naman^' 
nemne^ by)» cenneb" on bejanum jTopmn 
■j neah pseeepe** *] beo hap^ jeolupe blojtman** *j 

Jh^ nipe punba jenim J'j'lT^ PyP*-*^ epoppap jecna- 
cube" leje to Bam punbum heo j pSp jenimS •] heo 
8a puuba jeSeobeJj" *} Jjone blobpyne jeppiiS." 

I ph., H. B. ' 6n, H. • Nobe, V. ' man-, H. * fOp<iB, B. 
' t>^, n. ' -oiin, H. ' eic, H. ' DCiimi««, H.; ^ cDKle 

hBE>4 claec,' O. '* manes* bosij-, H. " B)wiibeS, B. 

"^jieicne, H. " hpimi^ btoftmiD, H.; hpice UopnaD, B, "jiesb 
for heapb, H, " nubbin, H. " J>am, H. " narolt, H. B, 

'• -tmae, O. " r^Uf. H. » «Biia, H. ; l«pa, B. O, 

" t, O.) gtaa. " min, H. " hiceU, B. " sentm, H. 

"Secnocob, B. 0. "-co, O.; bjuncui, E. "jptnuV, B. 

" cBTBDe, 0. " trn^i onutl^ io H.; the tliree laU letter* eaten mm; 
in V. * Bcylleia, 0. " E. omits the idle words. " emaaeb. 



dote, dite, cHverafi CLXXiv. 

1. Thia wort is named fifJvSpanos, and is in our "P"""^- 
language menloving, because it will readily cleave to 

a man, and it bath a seed like a m^ans navel. One 
also nameth it by another name dote, and it firom 
itself sendeth forth many bonghs, and those long and 
four edged, and it is stiff in leaves, and it bath 
a great stalk, and in the middle is hollow, as we 
before said, in the manner in which a mans navel is. 

2. For rends of adders, and of the worms which one 
calletb ^akayyiai, or tarantulaa, take wash of this 
wort, pounded in wine, give it to drink ; it will be 
of benefit. 

3. For sore of ears, take ooze of this ilk wort, drip 
on the ear; it bealetb the sore. 

Sneezewort ami yeUow iml/oil> clxxv. AehsUa magna, 

A, lanaetti- 

1. This wort, whioli is named x^ifJiiioi, and hy folia, A. abro- 
another name yeUow m,UfoU, is produced in cultivated J^^^'^' 
places, and nigh water, and it hath yellow and 

white blossoms. 

2. For new wounds, take heads of this wort, 
pomided, lay to the wounds ; it taketh off the aate, 
and it unites the wounds, and stancbetb the blood- 

> Dioskor., lib. iii. cap. 104. Tbe drawing, US. V., fol. 64 a, 
" IB a neat representation of Aapemla odorata " (H.) ; bnt aa 
that ie not a barr plant, we take its next of kin. Philan- 
thropoe ie L^pa in IsidoniB, and the medisval Bjncmfai& in 

>• DioBkor., lib, iv. cap. ^. The drawing ia very faulty, 
MS. v., fol. 64 b. 

B. B. " BCepe, H. " -mka, H. ; blormtn, B, " seonocobe, B . 



Gij: pif op ■Sam' jecjnbelicsn' liinon' )»one plepj'Aii 
ysef ptecan* Jjohjen* jenim" )>aj- ;ylcan pjpte' jef**' 
bene jeleje unbeji |)am pifon* j-itteRbum" eabte'* 
]»ne" psBCan" op hype tej^me heo jeppiB," 

€ac'* ^Seof pylp^ P^P*- "n psecepe jebpuncen'* piB 
utphr pel Fliema'8." 

"Beop pypc ys ScIiiUea? jecpeben popjnm Jre ij" j-reb • 
f achillej' " ye eaIbo|iman h Jpe ^^elomlice bpucan 
fceolbe punba to jelacnijenne.'* 

Pi6 liajol ■j hpeohnyppe co apenbenne** ^ff Bu )>ap 
pypce (Se man jiicmum -j oSptim namau" 
nemiicS on ]iinpe leliCe*' hapaj^ oBCe" hjjie fieb on 
|iin Luj- ahelifc" oBSe on ppa hpilcepe p:ope fpa Jni 
hy liajrafu oiSiSe liype pteb lieo apenbefi** hajolep hpeoh- 
nyfTe*" -j ^yf fu liy" o66e hipe pseb on pcyp alielifc 
to ]>am punboplio** heo ij- f heo teloe hpeohnjppe" 
3e]-mylte)»' faj" pypte J»u j-cealt niman*' J^uj* cpejjenbe • 
Hepba )iiRinain ppecop uti abfip meip incanra- 
tionibus" & aueptap jpaubinef ••' foljopa • et omnej- 
tempertatep ■ pep nomen omnipotentif bei qui Ce 
luj-pic napci • p ij" Sonne on upe jejieobe - pjpt 
picinum ic bibbe f J>u setj-y minum panjum ^ f ivi 
apenbe" hajolaj* ■j h^psercea]"** -j ealle** hpeohnJj"p» ** 
Jiuph naman " felmihtije]- jobep j-e ]>e hec beon 

' on 


= -licon, B. 

; gecul 

nb-, 0. 

■ limoo, H.i 



KKne wordi" 



P»ciii, H. ; ] 

l»e»n, El -Etn, 





, 0. 


p., 0. 




.. H-i -ben, 


'" MlU, 


" tane. 0. 

" pUDUI, 


„, _, " sepyrB, 0. " Cae, H. " -bpuneen, B.j - , ^.. 

"n>a. H., an unSniBhed writing; -meV, O. "V. is hew in a bad 

state ttota corrosion. '* II. omits six vords. <* Ucmsenbr. II.; 

seo NsirBtioncuIn, p. 78, notfs. " spnnb-, B. " IL onita 

the attempt at an English nune. " hnce, O. ** <4{>er, O. 

" ahesrt, B. » aprntbetS, B. Abont fifty letters are here fretted 



3. Do natnralibns 6uxam humoris mulieribus pa- Yellow 
tientibtis, eandem herbam sumtam atqne coctam a^I^'' 
sedeotibus subiiclto ; omnem humorem per vaporem 

suum cohibebit. 

4. Also, tbiti same wort drunken in water, is of good 
use against diarrbcea. 

5. This wort is called Achillea, ^ce it ie said that 
Acbilles, the alderman, or chieftain, frequently should 
use it for curing of wounds. 

The Gixiton oil plantfi uuoyl mcmiu nwi- 

•unu. BiA. 
For hwl aad rough weather, to turn them away, 
if thou havest in thy possession thia wort, whieli 
is named ricinus, and which is not a native of 
England, or if tbon bangest some seed of it in tbine 
Itouso, or have it or its seed in any place whatsoever, 
it tumetb away the tempestuousness of hail, and if 
thou hangest its seed on a ship, to that degree won- 
derful it is, that it smootbeth every tempest. This 
wort thou shalt take thus speaking, Herba ricinus, 
precoT nti adsis meis incantation ibus, et avertas 
grandines, fiilgora et omnes tempestates, per nomen 
omnipotentis dei qui te iussit aasa : that is, in 
our language. Wort ricinus, I pray that thou be at 
mine songs, and that thou turn away bails and 
lightning bolts, and all tempests, tlirough the name of 

* The drawing, MS> V., fol. 64 c, as much as rcmaias, 
clearly intended for tlie plant. 

away In V. » h)i£oIuie)T«, B. " hig, B. •* -Jwe, H. 

■ -ntjTe, B. ■ nimin, II, " iiieiiitacioDibBr, II.j alao span- 

biacf. The Hrat is of valne to detennine the meatiiag of thoe marki. 
"aprnbe, H.B. "-Tcar.B.j -jwro-. H.; -^nxxat, 0. " helle, 0., 
tot ealle. " -neria, B. " >ar nama, O. 



acenneb •' -j )m fcealc deene beon ))oiine pa taj 

•Deo]- pjpc 6e man polloren -j o)»puni namaa poji- 
pom m^am nemne)» -j eac fume men* 
ha'caS fj )>y]tmIitotL (telan* -j j-peajiton" -j pujum ^ 
bjiabpaa leapon ]>0Tme leao' -j j-peapcpan* -j J>a pyoboa 
ftpanjej- jTEecep* "j hype miht Jj- pceapp. 

JJiS hunbej- ylite" jenim JfyjTe pypte leap" inib 
pealre jecnucube" leje to ]>am punbum" hic haele)> 

epc pi6 punba jeniiii |>Jrr8e" Jlcan pjpce leaf" mib 
bumje jecDUCabe'' leje to yam puubnm" telce punbe 
hyt" jehtelejf. 


Pi6 popcillebe punba" ;etum Jfyj^e pjpte j-eap* J>e 
man upticam ^ otSpum naman" neCele nemne]* mib 
ele bpojTitim** jemencxeb" -j jTinme bsel pealtef 
iStepto"* jebon leje to [wepe** punbe binnan*' (ipim 
ba^m heo bi)> bal 

piiS jeppel bo f fylp® f fv Jwnne ]ia ^Ican jemete 
lege to l«un jeppelle hyt biB jebseleb. 

Gyp Bonne remi; b£el Jwej* Iichaman jeplejen jf 
jemm )»ap ^Ican pjpte npnoam jecnucube" le^e to** 
Jaepe" punbe heo*" by5 jehseleb. 

' sonnet), H. B. ' nymfc, B. • 0. tbridgea, tbi. S3-6S. 

* H. omits the v(»^ that prore idle. '.rcrioo, B.) ffedla, R. 

• nxttpru, B. ' leio, H. ' -Cjiui, H. • rpfcccef, B, 
■• aUee, H. " 1£*f> H. " -cobe, O. i secnocobe, B. " pQDbum, H. 
"l>in*, B. '*le*T. H. '*-cobe, 0.; secnocobe, B. "^ui 
pubs, O. '• he, H., TTTongly. " pnnbi, H. ■ retp, omitted 
by V. " namin, H.; namoD, B. " bjiornum, H. " -mmnc-, 
H.| ^ubiis-, B. "J>«p, B, " )>Bpe, B. » bmoon, B. 
" S««»oc<>'>^> B. " eo, V. omiU. " t«pe, B. ■ he, II., of 
th« patient 



Almighty God, who hight thee to be produced; and Tbxjbotoh 
thou Bhslt be clean when thou pluckest this herb. Art cixxvi. 

Black iiorehound. CLXXVU. BaVota »igra. 


1. This wort, which is named /SaXXojnj, and by 
another name porrum nigrum, black Uek,* and which 
also is hight , is of thorny stalk, and swart 
and rough, and broader leaves than a leek has, and 
swarthier, and they are of a strong scent, and its 
might is Bharp. 

2. Against rent by hound, take leaves of this wort, 
pounded with salt, lay to the wounds; it, that iti, the 
proceaa, healeth wonderfully, 

3. Again, for wounds, take leaves of this same 
wort, pounded with honey ; lay to the wounds ; it will 
heal each wound. 

Nettle,'* clxxviii. vnica. 

1. For chilled wounds, take juice of this wort, which 
is named urtica, and by another name nettle, mingled 
with lees of oil, and some portion of salt thereto 
added ; lay to the wound ; within three days he will 
be hale. 

2. For a swelling, do the same ; that is, in the same 
manner lay to the swelling; it will he healed. 

3. If, further, any part of the body be stricken, 
take the same wort urtica, pounded, lay it to the 
wound; it will he healed. 

■ In trauBlating Dioekorides (iii. 117), Fliuius, the author 
of thia error, resd Tfavot, leek, for n^cjo-itv, hwehound. Polo- 
tea, c]iuj>an leac, Gl. Brux. The drawing, MS. V., fol. 64 d, 
iH moro a leek than a horehound. 

*■ Banctl on DioBkoriiles (iv. 94). Tho drawtog indicates 
the plant, MS. V., fol. 68 a. 



PiB lifa fajic jyp hy' of hpylcam belimpe o66e oj: 

About ten cjle ©J'tSe op eeui jum ]>incje jej"Rj\^be ' beotS - jemm 

illSbl^nV. PJrre ylcan PyP^e reap 1 elej- eFenmycel tojaAepe 

jepjlleti bo ^nne ]>sepco [wp' hit ppiiSorC bejiije 

bionan* f]\im bajon 6u byDe 2^^<b1j^* 

pits fule punba* y foppotube jenim J«j- Jlcan' 
pypte uptjcam jeonueube * -j )>8ept:o " jnimne btel 
j-ealcej- jeppiS to ^pe'" punbe binnan" Jipjmfeason" 
heo" bi> haa. 

Pi6 pipej- fleyyaa senim J>ai" Jlcan pjjite on moptepe 
pi jepunube" 06 ^ hco pel Ii|»i'* j-y' jeyc )>oime 
jHBptS'" j'umne bsd hunijer mm rj'l>)'aii ptete" puUe 
■j J>a pel jecsepebe j-mype'* Sonne J>a jepealb mib 
]iam Iseceboine ^ j-JJijian hyne J>am pipe jej-yle f Leo 
hyne'" hyjie unbep jelecje JiJ fjlpan bte^e hjt Jrone 
plcppon beluceC. 

P16 ^ fu ejle lie Jwlije jenim p&y ylcan pyjitre 
iipncam on ele jefobene j-mjpe**' bonne poejimib" J>a 
iianba** ^ ealne j^one lichaman*' ne onjitfc Bu ]>one 
cile on eallum |;iniim licbaman.'* 

Deoy pypc ]?e man ppiapifci ^ oiSptini naman uica 
jwpuica nemnetS Co manejum** Jiinjon** pel pjicmaC-" 
■J» yj- Jwnne** eejieft*" on^ean beopol j-eocnyj-j-a** -j pi6 
nwibpan" -j pi8 pilbeop'* ^ piB atcpu -j piB jchpylce** 
behatu . -j pi5 anban ■j pi8 ojan ■"* -j f tSu jipe hiebbo • 
'J 51F 8u ^y" pypte mib pe liapapt -JSu bift jepBeb; • 

' his. B. = -RBtw, U. ' Hpto Hi", B. • binnon, B, 

•sehwlerc, B. • punbi, H. ' ili'DO, H. '>s«nocab«, B. 

•tap, B. I'lmpe, B. " -non.B. •'basam.B. 

■<he, H., oftbeman; hir.B^ thecaio. "-aot*,]t. " hj>e, H.; 

Ii|n5. B. " tup, B. " fnctt, H. B, " -pi, B. 

" hynf, H. omita. " pnyjia, B. " J>ap, B. " hinba, B. 

"-hoin-, n. " H. omitB the four last words. "lauiesan, H. 

»>iDse, 0. "n'Wna*, II. "J-ane, O. "tfpefc 6a, H. 



4. For sore of joints, if they be made sore from 
anything befallen, or firom chill, or from any cause, 
take juice of this same wort, and an equal quantity of 
oil, boiled together ; apply then thereto where it most 
annoys ; within three days thou healeat him. 

5. For foul and rotted wounds, take this same wort 
urtica, ponnded, and therewith some portion of salt ; 
bind to the wound; within three days it will he 

6. Ad mulieris fluxos, herbam hanc in mortario 
tusam, ita at omnino lenta £at, sumito, deinde ali- 
quantulum adiice mellis, laita denique madida atque 
decerpta unge naturaJia medicomento ; poetea autem 
mulieri tradito ut idem sibi subiiciat ; eodem die 
fluxum comprimet. 

7. In order that thou may not suffer by cold, take 
this same wort urtica, sodden in oil ; then smear 
therewith the hands and all the body ; thou shalt 
not perceive then the cold on all thy body. 

Perivnnkle^ CLXXix. ^ 

This wort, which is named priapistnis, and by 
another name vinca pervinca, is of good advantage for 
many purposes, that is to aay, first against devil sick- 
nesses, or demoniacal possessions, and against snakes, 
and against wild beasts, and against poisons, and for 
various wishes, and for envy, and for terror, and that 
thou may have grace, and if thoa hast this wort with 

• DrawD, MS. V., fol. 68 c, like enough. (" No." H.) 



•J rJmle jecpeme •• fiaf" pyjite )ni fceale mman yaf 

Te pjiecoji uica pejiuica mulcij- anbtaCibus habenba 
\K aemap ab me hilapij- plopenf cum mi]- uijiruCibus 
uc ea mihi pjieftej- uc catup ec j:elix pm j-enipep a 
uenenif et ab ipaounbia inlepii' ■ ptec fy ):oiuie' on 
upe jejjeohe ic * bibbe J>e aica pepuica manepiin 
nJrhcnyfTum* ro hsBbenne* f 8u jlseb ro me cume' 
mib ]finum meeseDmn" blopenbe f 'Su me jejea]ipie*" 
f ic'" fy jeseyto *j rJmle" jefseli^ -j unjebepeb'" 
ppam acepam ^ ppam Jppmjo'* ftonne'* 6u J>aj- pypc 
niman" pjls 6u j-cealc beon cUene pi8 sejbpytce 
UDcleennyfj-e • -j &i by" pcealt" nimao ponne ae mona 
bi6 01500" nihea" eaib -j enbljfon** ubca -j Cpeot- 
cyne" nyhta 'j ttpittnj nibta "j ftonne** he by8 anpe 
mbce ealb. 

f)eof yfl>^ ^ mfm ktofpepmoD •] oCpom naman 
[fiinb copn**] nemnefi bjB cenneb** in itaba • -j peo 
pypmejTe in cpeCa • *] beo hapa6^ m&jian leap Sonne 
pube -J 6a jiihre *j on 6sepe'' hehnyf)-e*' beo hapaJS** 
pranaj" hpice ^ pinepealce j-pjlce mepejpocu* on 
pj^fna" mycelnypre*" "j &a beoiS on fCanej* heapbDyppe*" 

■ ~nUD, O. * cpnme !», H. ' tSonoe, H, ' ic, H. 

> uycUcii-, H. 'luebenne, H. 'clime, H. 'iuksdu, B. 

•BeBeappije, H.B.; -pie, O. "luc, O. " co f., O, "-pob, O. 
itfpim yfifiiikse, H. "|>iDe, O. " nime, O.; Dunm, H. 

" his, S- " rc^c, H, " neosa, O. " T. omita fonr Tords 

■ »nInpMl, H.; -enl-, O. " tpeoceene, B. " Jmn, H. " fiuib- 

copn, in V. is in a later hand ; B. had not so read, for it omits the 
phrase for an Eoglish synonym. Licof^nmon. 1. Aincom. Gl. I«Dd,S67. 
" canneb, H. B. * " H. omits fh>m haiaU to haft's. °'tape, B. 

" hyhneire, B. " Eiroean, H. ■ pyrena, H. B. ■ -'•^17', B. 

« There is a strong concurrence of evidence that ounbcojin 
IB saxifrage, as in art. xciz. The present article is &om 



thee, thou sbalt be prosperous, and ever acceptable, ^biwiwile. 

This wort thon sbalt pluck thus, saying, " I pray 

thee, Tinea perrinca, thee that art to be had for thy 

many useful qualities, that thou come to me glad, 

blossoming with thy mainfulnesses ; that thou outfit 

me 80, that I be shielded, and ever prosperous, and 

undamaged by poisons and by wratii ; " when thou 

shalt pluck this wort, thou shalt be clean &om eveiy 

uncleanness, and thou shalt pick it when the moon 

is nine nights old, and eleven nights, and thirteen 

nights, and thirty nights, and when it is one night 


Gromel.^ CLXXX LtiiuHipenH 


1. This wort, which is named ^i6o(r%epfi.or, and by 
another name sundcom {read rather givmeC), is kindled 
in Italy, and the foremost in Creta, and it hath greater 
leaves than rue,'> and them straight, and in the height 
of it it hath stones, white and round as pearls, of the 
mickleness of peas, and they are of the hardness of 

Dioekoridee, iiL 158. Saxifrage ia, however, allied to Seduiu, 
the English name of which ta Stonecrop, which answere 
cloaely in its Bignification to XiSAritpfut or ttone-teed. Among 
his Bynonyms for LithoBpermon, DoiBten (1540, A.D.) has 
Saxifragia alba, but he draws Gromel. Florio (1611, A.D.) 
has " Litoapenno, Greimile or Grumcll. Some take it for 
stonecrop." Bnt the botaDists are plainly right in calling 
the plant known tut Gromell, Lithospormon. The figure in 
MS. V. ia L. officinale. 

^ Dioskorides says olive. Rue is not an Engliah plant, nor 
arc the leaves appropriately compared here. Gromel leaves 
are lanceolate, as in the olive. 



-j eac* fpylce hy" tojsebejie jedifijen' "j by beo8 
innan hole ■j Sonne f ya^ jrojion* mnan. 

pi6 f pranaj- on bitebpan' pexen -j pitS ^ man 
jemijan ne intejc jeuim op Syj-um" franum pf 
jieneja' jepihce j"yle bpincan on pine 8a jranaf 
Cobjiyt^ "J Cone mi^Jfan fop6 jelsebej).' 

Deoj" pypt J>e man jrauij" a^ia -j oCpum naman" 
nemneS hapaC leap rp^lcc pinjenpb "j jiiLre 
ftelan ■j beo bapaS fEcb on jpenutn cobbum on Siejie'" 
tnycele pe pjyan ^ f byS )>peohypne-" -j hjt by|> 
apop'* -j ppeapu* byft ppa Jreah innan hpic*" f bireppe" 
on bypjincje.'" 

pi6 fone ypelan psecan J«Bp Iichamon jenim J'ypr^ 
pypte fffibep pipcyne'" copn jecnucube" on li&m" 
beope* pyle bpincan hjc Jjone lichaman'" Cuph ppipSan 
apcopmoQ • *) teptep fiani*" j)e be {Sone bpenc" jehpun- 
can** hapa£ he pceal jan •] hyne** fc^pian sep Cam J»e 
be hyne apfiipe *j )>onne lie hme** ppipan onjmne)> he 
pceal jelomlice liiSne paeran beopep Jncjean** 61 tep 
peo scpenjft" liBepe" pjpte [ja joman biepne -j pop- 

pi6 pcpup" *} piB pccb" jenira )>yrpe pylpan pypte 
pfflb*" ^ popan enuca** topomne leje Co 6am pcuppe he 
bj& jehieleb. 

< tic, H. * his, B. ' secltjiau, B. i clijien, H. ' t«)>oa, B. 
■ blnbpttn, H. * % jrnnn, H. ' panrsa, H. B. ■ alsbrS, B. 

' H. omiu the wacch foe an English equiTslent. ■* impt, B. 

" hjpne, B. " irop, H. " hpic, B. '* bic«p, B. 

'• -inje, B. " pjcene, B, " SMQOCObe, B. " hSon, H. 

" -hom-, H. " jioo, B. " bpync, B, " M»n, B. •• hjae, 

B. omiu. " T. has Mme hole* Id die leaf, bat must bare omltkd 
five worda. " hcpn, B. " (b|>»DSti, H. " >ape, B. 



stone; and moreover also they cleave together, and Qbomel. 
they are within hollow, and then the seed is therein *^ *"' 


2. In case that stonea wax in the bladder, and in 
■ case that a man may not mie, take of these stones by 
weight of five pennies, give to diink in wine ; it 
breaketh to pieces the stones, and forth leadeth 
the mie. 

Stdvea acre.^ clxxxl BclfiMum 

ilajU agria, 

1. This wort, which one nameth <rT«fl( ir/^ia, and Bot. 
by another name lousebane, hath a leaf as a vine, and 

a straight stalk, and it liath seed in green pods of 
the size of peas, and it is three cornered, and it is 
austere and swart; it is, however, within white, and 
bitterish to the taste. 

2. For the evil hnmours of the body, take fifteen 
grains of the seed of this wort, pounded in lithe beer ; 
administer it to be drunk ; it purgeth the body 
through spewing ; and after that the aick hath drunken 
the drink, he shall go, that is, iwoM; about, and bestir 
him before that he speweth, and when he beginiieth 
to spew, he shall frequently swallow some litlio liquor 
of beer, lest the strength of the wort bum the throat, 
and choke him. 

3. Against scruf or scurf, and against scab, take 
seed of this same wort and roses, pound them to- 
gether; lay to the scurf; it will be healed. 

* This article is from Dioskorides, iv. 156. The panting, 
MS. v., fol. 69 b, is Brt/onia cretiea. Xto^^ ileypla ^vouid 
be viild vine. MS. T. has a drawing degenerate from the true 

» rcopr. H, B- " rowN b. " h. o 

next paragraph, coafinDding two IcechetsftB. 



Pi6 to]>a fajie -j CoCjieomena jemm J^Jije Jlcan 
p^jite fseb feofi on ecette healbe poaae on hif' mn6 
op 6ftm ecebe lanje hpile Ssejia' to6a pHji -j fieejui' 
iTf^peomena* •] ealle Jwej" mnbej' popjiocubnyj'j'a* beoB 

Sees pjjit 6e man jopjonion •] ofipmn naman" 
nemne|r b^ cenneb' on bi^on ptopum* 
■j on psecon • be Byxpe pyjite ip pseh ^ hype pypt- 
rpiuna p^ jeaalicub ])ffipe^ neebpao h«a)^e tSe naan 
jopjon nemneC -j iSa celjpan^* habbalS Jifflp 8e eac" 
ip paeb ee^p je eajan ;e nopa" je ntebbpena hip." 

6arc'* pe p^pecpuma" jebpylcae man him jeanlicati 
hpilon on'* jotoep hipe" hpilon on" peolfpep "j }>oiuie 
6n pay p^pte mib hype p^rcpumiui mmaa p^Ue 6oime 
papna Jm ^ h J na panne" ne'" bepcine CJ l«p hjpe 
hip"" "j hype mihc ff apenb'* )mph (Stepe** punnaa 
beophrnyppe •** popceopp** hj** [lonQe mib*" anom 
pojan -j ppjjie heapbon" ipepne ■ ^ pe ye hy** 
ceoppan** pylle Sonne pj he ppam apenb*** jropfty" 
hir njp alj-peb f man** hype pjpcpuman finpe^ ne" 
jepeoD metre. 8e )>e \>Sf pypCe^ mib him hapafi 
ffljhpyhw ypele poc fpattu** him onjean" oameobe he 
popbuje]} • je fop 6on pe ypela man hyne popcjpjiefi 
oSiSe him ODbu;et>. 

■Mr, H. >J.«pi. H.i ttp., B., twice. •pMoen..' H. 

' -nfjTt, H. 1 -nerr«, B. > -nobe, B. • H. leaves ■ 

Mt the eqni- 

Talent Beeking word*. ' onneb, H. B. ' Juslu jtapn, '. 


"Hp^, B. "tflspin, H. "eScH. "noran, B. 

"hfp, B. 

i< eic, H. » -pep-, H. " OF, v., twice. " hipe, B. 


" ne, H. B., but V. omit*. » Mp. B. " qnnb, H. B. 


» -nen*, B. " 1 r. H. »dd.i Fop, B. omili. » his, B. 


" -ban, B.J lie^b6n, H. " bs, B. " oeoprio, H. 


Sepanh, H,; aponb, B. " FOpl«s, B. "mSn, H. 

"anpcaCOhne" one word; which alters the cmutnurtion. 

"pjiiw. a 

" n>i«u, H. " onseaabe, an ewOT, H. 



i. For sore of teeth and of gums, take seed of thia States AomK. 
same wort, seethe it in -viDegar; let him hold then An. clxxw. 
in his montJi some of the vinegar for a long while ; 
sore of the teeth and of the gums, and all the rotten- 
ness of the month shall be leecbened. 

Se<l koUy.^ CLXXXri. Eryngium 

1. This wort, which is named yofyivioM, and by 
another name aoa hoUy, is bom in secret places, and 
in wet onea Of this wort, it is said that its root is 
compared to the head of the monster whii^ men name 

the Gorgon, and the twigs * have, as is also said, • That is, the 
both eyes and nose, and colour of serpents. 

2. Also the root will make any man resemble itself, 
whilom of hue of gold, whilom of silver. And when 
thou wilt take up this wort with its roots, then 
beware thou that no sun shine upon it, lest its hue 
and its might be spoiled through the brightness of 
the sun. Ciuve it off then with a crooked and very 
hard iron, and he who will carve it, then let him be 
averted, for it is not permitted that man may. see 

his root unharmed. He who hath this wort with him, , 

avoideth every evil footswathe or track coming on 
ag^nst him ; yea, for it the evil man tumeth himself 
about, or giveth way to him. 

■ In the mediferal marginal notes to Dioakoridea, yefyirur 
is a name, aad a not unanitable one, for the Sea holly, 
Erynffium marUimttm. Though the drawings in MS. T. and 
the Vienna MS. ore qoite different, each has a head of Medusa 
forming, or ending, the root. 


Deoj" f$pc J>e man milotij- ' -j oSpum naman* 
nemneS bj6 cenneb' on bejanum jTopum 
1 on pfficum • }af pypte )>u pcealr niman* on pani- 
jenbuui" monan" on ^am monjie Jie man aujufCuj* 
hateiS jeniin J>onne ]>onc' pjpttjiuman* I'yTF® PyP^*^ 
^ jeppiS* Co anum heFel'" pjiaibe" -j alioh Co 6inum 
j"pypan" ))J jeape ne onjicft; J>a bjmnjfpe )nnpa 
ea5ena'* o68e jip lieo )« behmpeS" heo hpteb- 
Iice 5eppice5 •] ]>u byfu hal • j>ep Iteceejitefc'* Jp 

Pi6 Bina cojunje jenim J>Jpr6 ylcan pjpte pos 
fmype" )«epmil>" by"' beoS jeh^jude-" eac*' yp be 
^yppe pypte" pieb f heo on jeape tpijea** blope." 

Deop pyp*: ("e man bulbuf -j o)?pum naman** 
nemne]> jfp tpejea" cjnna" )»onne yp feop 
peab** -j piiS ptey raajan* pape ppemjenbUc*'" ponne yp 
oScp byreppe on bjjijincje" feo yp peillobep jecpc- 
ben"' eac** j^am majan njrbcpe se5)>ep hapa^ fT"*"?** 
majjen ■] h^ co mete jejwjebe mycelou 6one hcbamnn*' 

' In margin, m«lilolis, H. 
O., fol. 14 — 56 b, condcnees. 
' -be, O. • mona, 0. ' >ane, O. ' -me, O. 

' serial', 0. '■ hcprlb, H. B. '■' bnebe, O. " rp^P^. H, 

"on hnu ease, O. "be, 0. omita. "hal fmr ««f 1., II. 

"-bob, B.i afbnbon, 0, "nnyiia, B.j linnre, 0. "I>nj>, B. 

'* hi5, B. » -Kobe, B. " eic, H, » pyre, O. " epipa, H, ; 

cupu, B. *' boge, O. '^ H. otaita -what corned (o nothing ; O. 

omib two lines, "cpcjpa, II. B. " cjana, II. " jieab, H. 

"misan, H. ■ rp™^"*'**, H. " -inje, B., " jecpeMi, O., 

foLSa — 10. "eac, H. >' ftpiens, H. ; omitting nue, writing sen. 

u lichoman, II. 





1. This wort, which is named milotia, abd by another 
name , is produced in cultivated and in wet 
places. This wort thon abatt take up in the waning 
of the moon, in the month which hight August ; take 
then the root of this wort, and hind it to a yam 
thread, and hang it to thy neck ; that year thon shalt 
not feel dimness of thine eyes, or if it beiall thee, it 
suddenly shall depart, and thou shalt be hale. This 
leechcraft is a proved one. 

2. For tugging of the sinews, take ooze of this ilk 
wort, smear therewith; the sptiam shall be alleviated. 
It is also said of this wort, that twice in the year 
it blossometb. 

1. This wort, which is named fiox^ot, and by another H^einihia 
name , is of two kinds; the one is red, "^"^X^^rMh^ 

beneficial for sore of the maw ; the other is bitterish wist Mascari 
to the taste ; it is called o-xiXX»Sijj ; it is also more <'™«™"- 
profitable for the maw ; either of theTn hath strong 
main or virtue, and when partaken of for meat, they 
much strengthen the body. 

■ The gloas in H., " mellUoli/' corandreg," and the officinal 
character of the herb, favour this identification. The figure, 
MS. v., foL 65 a, does not make one think of it. Dioskorideii, 
iii. 48, has no snch tales. 

^ This article came originally from Dloakorides, ii. 200, 
on the ^«Xj9i< Hiit^f. The figure in MS. V. is fantastic. 



PiJ> jfiyyel -j pi6 poc able -j pi6 jelipjlce jebepeb- 
njffa* ;emm Jjbj- pjpce fylpe jecnucube* o^iSe mib 
hunije jemencjetie* leje* co 6am j-ape }>e man Jwmie 

piB preTCp peocn^rpe" genim Jiap Jlcan" pypte ppa 
pe fep cpsebon jecnucobe' leje Co Jiam iimo& • eac^ 
hy" miii hamje jecnuoufee" hunba pliT»p jelacmatS •" 
. -J hy eac" ppylce mib pipope jemencjebe " ■j Cojelebe'^ 
hj- |nep lichaman ppat ;eppi6aj> ■'* -j eac" fpa pome hy 
Jtep majan j^p" jeliBija^S.'* 

piB pnnbela ]» )raph hj pjlpe" acennebe" beoB 
jemm Jiyppa pypca*' pyptpuman*" jecnucube"* mib ele 
■J nub** hpsetenan** melupe ■j mib** papan 6am jemete 
^ )>u clJ^San" pypce leje to Cam ptmbnm ■ eac*' hyt** 
fipeopmaj)'* ■iSono*" leahcop pe jpecap holtopjTupas 
haca^'" f yp pcupp Jiaep heapbep • "j eac" ]>one** J>e 
by** achopap nemnaiS f yp pceb** pe pop ope f beapob 
pexe** bepeapa^ ■ effic** ppylce mib ecebe oSiSe** mib 
hmuje*" secnuoube-*" hf op Jam anbplican*' nebcopn 

Gac" ppa pome** on ecebe jejiijebe hjf** Jxepa** 
mnotSa Cofiunbennjppe" ■] tobopptenyfla*' jehsaleC, 

be** Jiyppe pypCe** yf fseb j? heo op bpacan*" blobe 
acenneb*' beon pceolbe" on" upepeapbum^ muntum" 
on Jiiccon beappum." 

' se^cccfenerra, B.; SeS*^>i>i'S^ H.; segnberebn^inB, O. * -cobe, 
O.', s^cnocotiei B- * -mBiis«be, H. B^; jeineggeb, O., k method 

of eipreiring the Bound freqnenll]' seen in old Engliah. ' le, H., by. 

' re6c-, H. 1 -neije, B. ' ylcaa, H, omits. ' secnocobe, B.; je- 

enube, H.-, bj contnotlon. * tie, H. ■ hi;, B. " secnocobe, B. 
■■ -onatS, B. " fAe, H. " -dubiis-, B. Ki of thli, ttro letten 

are omitted in V. " -Kbe, B. " s^ppiSri!, B, " die, H. 

"ripe, v.; rap, H. "-<S«*, B. '*>nr}. he Jhlfe, 0. 

" •cnnnehe, H. B. " Juffe pipce, B. " ~in«, O, 

" ^rcnocobe, B. ; cnuc, O., imperative. " H. omiU from mib to mib. 

"-Bu,B,i ftoctme, O. " cly>am, 0. " eic, H. " heo, O. 

"ij-.U. -t«ne, 0. " hicalS, B.; h«a«, 0. "fic,n. 

■hin, 0. "hiK, B. "nJwb. B. "l*"*, B. 



2. For Bwelling, and for goat, and for any injury, Art cbo«lT. 
take this wort, pounded by itself or mingled with 

honey ; lay it to the sore, for which a man needeth 

3. For water BiokneaB or dropsy, take this ilk wort 
pounded as we before said ; lay it to the inwards. 
Also pounded with honey, it cures the tendinga of 
hounds; and also f\irther mingled with pepper, and 
laid on, restraineth sweating of the body ; and it also 
similarly alleviates sore of the maw. 

1. For wounds which come of themselves, take 
roots of these worts, pounded with oil, and with 
wheaten meal, and with soap, in the manner in which 
thou wouldst work a poultice ; lay to the wounds. It 
also pui^eth the defect which the Greeks hight »(Tupa,» 
that is, Bcorf of the head, and also that which they 
name ix^P^ii ^^^^ ^ ^*^^' f^hich often robbeth the 
head of the hair. Also, it likewise pomided with 
vinegar, or with honey, puigeth away &ce flecks from 
the cojmtenance. 

6. Also, in like wise swallowed in vinegar, they heal 
inflation and fractore.^ 

€. Of this wort, it is said that it was produced 
oat of dragons blood, on the top of mountuns, in 
thick fbrests. 

■ Kzii tlrvftt Kcit ixSftti San^iafx/aat ahr Jvrfi yhfif, Dioek. 
So that the syllables hojco are unaccountable. 

** "Vyfjfuera, Dioskor. 

" eic, H. ! etc, B. " oMSer, O. ■ hnnis, B. 

biG, B.; -«obe, O. " uipicui, 0., as in other placet, neglecting 

eoDMnants irhioh required an effort to otter. " ein, H. •> rune. 

B.O. "hiRB. " Jtajia. B. O.; HbJm, H. » eoSonnfrre. V. 

" -nerre, B. *Bi, O. " pjf^e, H.; pyre, O. •* (y( bpacin, H, 

" acMueb, H. B. " fcolbe, B, " on, H. " npearfeen, O. ; 

fifODiw^iboii, B. "mlJncliiiiiH.jmiice, O. *■ beafiepGni, H. 

X 2 



Deo8 pyjit ]»e' man colcxsyn)H]- ajpia ^ yj* cucujibica 
ajpcj-tif jie" man eac' ppijillam neiDDe|> heo eal j-pa 
oSeji cypfBStxe* pi8 y& eojiBan" hjpe celjjian' co- 
bp8et)ej>^ ■] heo* hajra'S leaj: cucumejie jeliee -j 
coj-lrcene -j heo hsjra)) psercm finepealrne ^ bytepne j-e 
^f TO nymenne' ro )iani cimaii ^oune he ^fteji hif 
jpennyj^e" fealpatS." 

pi6 umoSef ai^punje jenim Jiyf e^ " paepmef 
hnej-cn^j-j^" innepeajibe bucan'* f^am c^jmlun tpejea" 
peneja" jepihce on liiSan" beojie jecnucube'" j-yle 
bpincan hfz aftjpej)'" J;one mnolS. 


'K B.H. 

< CM, H. 

< -jTcw, n. 



1, V. 


' -bj.(*e«, B. 



t niQiEne, 


'• -nerre. B. 

" realapft*, H. B. 

" tyrnr. 


" -nerre. 


"Ducon. B. 

"-Inm epesipi. 

II. i cp-spt, 


" p«nesni 

, B. 

" lilSon, H. 

" SKOOCObe, B. 

" -p.«, B. 



Coloeynth." CLXXXV. Cncumu 


1. This worfc, which is named xoxoxuvdt; iyi>!it, that 
is, cucurbita agrestis, wUd gourd, which is also ncLmed 
fngilla,i> juBt as another gourd spreadeth abroad its 
stems upon the earth, and it hath leaves like the 
cucumber, and deeply cut (lobed a/ad serrated), and it 
hath a spherical frnit and bitter, which is to be 
gathered at the time when it is turning its greenness 
to fallow. 

2. For stirring of the inwards, take the inward 
neshneas of this fruit, without the kernels, by weight 
of two pennies; give it, pounded in Htho beer to be 
drunk; it atin'eth the inwards. 

■ Our text is originally from Dioskoi'T iv. 178. Not figured 
io MS. V. 
" Frigilla, gl. Laud, 567, fol. 60 c, also. 



SaEAd' B^T .aiEyPta cymnj* ibpaptuj-'' jxBf 
haren •* ocrauiaDO Jiam capejie hij- pjieonbe'' hselo' 
bobafee' J>yf jTim* popbum yay cpeCenbe • COonejum" 
bij-CTium" ic eom jepif jnnjia nuejena" -j piyrpo -j 
hpsejiepe'* ic" .pene f ))ii nsBfpe to Suj" myclej-'* 
mtB^ep tecebomum become fpylcum-"' ypa ic jeppejn'^ 
6a pe fpam Bepcolapio pepbon • Ic" JS J>a pop Cinpe 
cji^ • ^ ]w peopCne pip:e Jiypcp to jepicsjme f yp 
be pylbbeopa'^ Jece cpffiptum • fpa p pel seseeb yp.*" 

Medioma de taceone. l 

Sum pJJieppeCe nJiMii ip p pe n6Hma"S taxonem f 
;yp bpoc*" on enjlipc" jepoh f beop ^ him ^nne op 
cpicum ])a tej) op Sbo" )ja J»e he msepte bsebbe -j Jmf 
cpeS- on namaji Jnep selmihtijan** jobep ic ]>« opplea" -j 
ye jjme te}) op abeate • -j Jjonne by py66an on bnenum'* 
hjUBjle bepmb • -j on ^olbe op^e on peolppe" bepjpc f 
hio^ ne mcejen^ ];mum bee Eothpuian*'' bapa mib )>e 
Sonne ne pceJiJjeC**' J>e • ne tunjol •" ne ha;ol • ne 
ptpanj ptopm • ne ^pel man • ne polbepenbej* Spiht • 

' hep SAGAD, H, ' cjDinc, B. ' tt egypca ^f ibpaimr; to O. 
opens. lapartoB, Lat HS. UbH. 496G. < hicra, H. ' ipronfai, B. ; 

frmtbe, O. ' luele, B. ' bobobe, H. ' >iru, B. ■ monsu, B.; 
monqpuD, H. '° bipiu, B. " nuBsna, B. " hp>ti]ic, B. 

" Ic, H. " myceler, H. " rpylce io, H., t>n ennire. '■ 5*- 

jTietis, B.i sen>«S". H, " If, H. " pjlbeopa, B, " TJus 

■entence ii Incomplete, a verb is nanling, m renbe, fpitt. ** bp6c, H. 
" englifc, H. " ibo H. " nunin Blmihciser, E. " ofaj-lca, B. 
■ -nlini ol»tIe, then omittiDg four words, H. " reo^pe, H- 


OF sEXTus PLAcrras 


1. They say that a king of the Egyptians, Id- 
partuB he was highten, boded or sent a m^essage of 
health to the Csesar Octavianos, his friend, thus 
queathing or aayvng : " By many examples I am aware 
of thy virtues and prudence, and yet I ween that 
tliou never earnest to know leechdoma of thus mickle 
main, oT such as I leam a/re those which we obtained 
from .^^sculapius. I then make it known for thine 
instruction, and for that I wist thee worthy of this, 
to wit, that is, of leechcrafls of wild deer or toUd 
beasts;" as far as it is well said. 

Drmuvag of a brock i. 

2. There is a four-footed neat, which we name 
taxonem,* that is brock in English; catch that deer, 
and do off the teeth from him while yet quick or 
alive, those which he hath bi^est, and thus say : 
In the name of *■ ... I thee slay, and beat thy teeth 
off thee; and then subsequently wind them up in a 
linen rail or garment, and work them in gold or in 
silver, that they may not touch thy body ; have them 
with thee, then shall scathe thee neither heavenly 
body, nor hail, nor strong storm, nor evil man, nor 

■ In medieval Latin ;=ltalian, Tasso ; a gray, a broeke, i 
badger (Florio) ; French, Taiseon ; Spanish, Tejon. 
^ There is no need to imitate the irreverence of the text. 

" hi, B. 

" CQiis>'i H. 



ne ]»e tenijef yfelej- onhpine* bepe]> • oWSe ^ (w* 
hpsBT ypeJej" biB hjiajie hyu bjB roflicen • jya yaij 
abbiaj" sJpbelp pgay picejan • Nim Jwnne Jwne j^Jj^pan* 
for pone jnipl^ian* ftijjum'' popbum -j Jjuj" cpe)> • on 
naman Jter lipjenhan jobej" • ic' J)e nime to Isece- 
6ome • Jionne on fpa hpylcum jeflite o1S?6 jejreohce 
fpa 6n bifc' fijefEeiT • "j H ? Z^^^V^ ' PF H 
6one' jror mih ]>e haj:ap: • mib hij* jeljnbe jTnype" 
)'a hopr t"* I* rjn" on feoppe'* oype on eenijpe able 
hio bim fpam ah^lbe)i" -j bpe]* cib him ofep b^6- 
y J>eah hyc mjcel abl j-y hpa))e heo on pej jepice^, 

CDen;'* byj blob pJJ) l^rlum peaice boppim -j 
mulum -j Eelcum pjfeppetum neaCe^* ]« on pole pinnen'" 
opye on senijum Jple" bo puph bopn on muC septep 
)«er beopep mihce ■] epne Jmb J»peo niht hji" beo5 hale. 
J3ip bpsesen jepeoiS on )>piiu pepcpum" elep on nipon*" 
cpoccan oB ^ ]>p^bba btel py bepeallen pEeCelpa- ^ healb 
hyc 51F hpa py on heapob ppsece apcep ba3j>e pmype" 
mib on ]>pini nyhcum'* he bj6 jelueleb'" -j ppa eac" 
]>a pet • ■J ]>eah man yf on hpjlcpe unjepenbenblicpe" 
able -j unhalpenbhcpe •" peo pipe hme hteleiS -j lacnaS- 
Nim hip lippe co bsel ^ bebealp" tet J>am ymbhpypp- 
rum ]nnpa laub^emeepa • -j ]nnpa bupMca^Ia 'j ]>a 
heoptan*" eec ])inum bupbjeatum behele •*" ]K>nne jni 
•j jane beoiS alj'pbe hale to pejianne*" -j ham co 

' ^isc)", B. - anpyueDe, H. i onpyne, B. .' )>e, Y. B. omit. 

' rpitijitin, M. ' pips jiin, H. • typi, B. 'Sc, H, 'The 

conitnietioa required )>n ^t twice, bnt not »o in MSS,; i7>t<l«> luerted in 
mu^n, H.; n>B>B. '8oi>,T. "pnyjia, B. "rfB,B. "p7Upe,B. 
'* ib-, n. " CO»nsc, H. B. " nJiaee, B. " piDien, H. 

" yrele, B. " bis, B. " reltpen B. »• nipu, B. " pnypt. B, 
" ofTOUB nihtepn^ H., the latter word Iiaving been tampered with. 
» Sebileb, B. » emo, H. "-bebl-, H. » -p«mb-, O. 

" -belf, H. B. =■ heopcc, B. » bebela, B, " rapenne, B. 



aught of pestilential, Dor shall the touch of any evil Bkock. 
damage thee, or if somewhat of evil be to thee, 
rathely it shall be torn asunder, as was the girdle of 
Obadiah' the prophet. Then take the right for« foot 
with these words, and thus say: In the name of the 
. . . . I take thee for a leechdom ; then in what- 
soever conflict or fight thou sbalt be, then thou shall 
be victorious, and thou shalt do well in it, if thou 
hast the foot with thee. With his suet smear the 
horses which are in a fever, or in any ailment; it 
shall retire from them, and the hour of life shall be 
proloDged to them,'> and though it be a mickle ailment, 
quickly it shall depart away. 

3. Mingle hi-i blood with a little salt for horses 
and mules, and any four-footed neat which are 
strolling witli pestilence, or with any evil ; put it 
by means of a horn on the deers (beaats) mouth, and 
so for about three nights ; they will be hale. Seethe 
hia brain in three sextarii of oil in a new crock, till 
that the third part be boiled away; bottle off, and 
preserve it. If any one be troubled with head- 
racking pain i^ter the bath, smear him therewith for 
three nights ; he will be healed. And so also the feet. 
And though a man be in any chronic ° and incurable 
disease, this manner will heal and cure him. Take 
his liver, divide it, and delve it down at the turnings 
round of thy land boundaries, and of thy borough 
wall foundations,^^ and hide the heart at thy borough 

■ Jeremiah ? chap. xiii. Not iu tho Latin. 

b " Dnmtaxat si nita eaperet," Latin. If they are not 
downright dead. The not very clear Saxon t«xt doee not say 
that, at least. 

' " Comitiali morbo," Latin. 

* " Circa fiinduH," Latin. 



cjpjiejme' eull pol hfp apej aft^eb • -j ^ sep jebon 
pfBj" nahe rce)>t»e8«* -j bj)> Ijtel ppecne' ppam FJT^'* 
Cuf> ^ eao' f bif h^b if bp^oe' huubuin ^ eallum' 
FipepFeeum n^teuum pitt polej* jepinne on Vo bonne 
hapa Jjffljie' hjbe" felljTioceo"* on pmnra fceon ■" ne 
jejrelefc" fm jepn on ^inum forum 5u baljufca 
capepe • ic" pjlle f Bu jeljpe • f ]>ip pilb beop" pell 
FpemaB'" pj: Jiu Jjinum cUenj-uaj bajum ]?(ep'* J^u 
ptepefr'^ jeonb eapCan ymbhpjppc'* bjf pltepc"* je- 
poben ecepo -j Jnjefc bjt bjf job fe •) ^inan 

Gif hpam hpser Jpdep jebon biB f he*' ne mieje 
hyj- pynltipta bpucan ■ feoSe Jwnne hip pceallan** on 
Jpnenbam p^lle psetepe • -j on bunije "j fiicje )>onne 
pei^enbe JjpJ^** bajaf fona he bi6 jebeceb.** 

Arte 5, 6, 7, e, pig blobep pleppan • Jwnne eallum mannuin sy peo- 
lntheMSS..biitFOiiCyne nihra ealb mona septep prnnui petl janje lep 
ore not in the monau unn^ne*^ of me to bam rneope be man haceb 

Latin, and do , "'' _ ' i*.i. , 

not belong to mopbeam ■] Of Bam mm seppel mio J)mpe pjnprpan 
the toAeet. tanba • mib tpam pnjpum f ip mib Jmman*" ■j 
mib*' bpinj pnjpe hpitne** asppel |>e Jionne j^T*" ne 
peabije abepe hyne Jxmne app-** "j upp apip" he bi5 
bpice to" 6am upepan bsele posy liduunan ■•* Gpe bo 
hjne abune -j on lot** be biiS bebepe to Bam neoftpan*' 
bsale jraep lichoman" tep 6on'' pn )?yfne leppcl nime. 

' eyptWDc, H. ' remU^, H. B. • ni^Mne, H. B. • repe, H, 

' eac, H. • An cnvnrev bpjce omittefl, H. ' Mlb&m, H. 

■ |>a]>e, B. ' hjbe, T. omits. " -fEioce, B, " fcfin, B. 
" ■gefeltc, H. " ic, H. " piM>e6ii, H. " rjiamaS, H. " bsp, B. 
" |«pelt, H.i peprc, B. " hpjpit, H. " j-lmf, R " H. adds 
nUi pepnbnm, B. " hO, B. " r<»llaii, B. = t>itis, B. 
" No ftirther goes the litin " de tMCone." ■ 6p-, H. " Miinui, B.j 
mib hif finmin, H. " mib hir, H, " hpfcne, B. ■ gic, B. 

■ 6pp, il. " iw> H.i up spif, B. " to, H., interlined. 



gates; then thoa and thine shall be released > in Baaas.. 
health to go abont Mid home to return ; all pestilence . "" '' 
shall be dri-ven away, and what was ere done shall 
naught scathe, and there shall be little mischief A-om 
fire, Enown also it is that his hide is useful to 
hounds, and to all four-footed neat, to put upon them 
as a preservative against the peril of pestilence. Have 
fell piecee of the hide on thy shoes ; thou shall never 
feel distress in thy feet, thou holiest Ceesar I I will 
that thou shouldst believe that this wild deer benefits 
well> if thou on thy cleansing days, where thou 
travellest through earths circumference, eatest his flesh 
sodden, and partakest of it ; it shall be good to thee 
and to thy bosts.^ 

4. If to Miy one anything of evil has been done,' so ' By a knot 
that be may not enjoy his lusts, then seethe a coillon 

of the brock in running spring water and in honey, 
and let him partake of it, fasting for three days ; soon 
he will be mended. 

5. <= For flux of blood ; when to all men the moon is 
seventeen nights old, after the setting of the sun, ere 
the uprising of the moon, come to the tree which is 
bight morbeam, or mulbeiTy tree, and from it take 
an apple, that is, a berry, with thy left hand with 
two fingers, that is, with the thumb and the ring 
finger, a white apple or berry, which as yet is not 
ruddy ; then lift him up, and np arise ; this is useful 
for the upper part of the body. Again put it down, and 
loot down over it ; it is behoveful for the nether part 

■ Per qaam tu ire et redire solee. Our text interprets 
i> Taries from the LaUn. 
c Not in the Latin, MS. Harl. 4986, nor ed. 1538. 

B |>Bm bchomaa, H. " lOc, H. B. ■* nno^pan, IL; DJUcjian, 11. 
" -hraua B. " ep tx)nn«, H. 



Cpe6 )«nne paf popb • apj* - apj- - apf • fpajiape pofe 
ppofpaj-am • emojijiajiam pancofani • opum remef' 
fcanej" • jKinne ]m )>af popb jecpetwn h»bbe • jemm 
^ne feppel 'j liine ^nne bepinb on peolo peabum* 
jobpebbe • -j j-eoft ]>ODne ep niit> j-ceate ojjpep jof*- 
pebbep ^ behealb 5* Jjep Isecebom ne fapine ne ptecejiep 
ne eop'San )>onne ne^fieap):* j-y -j j-e upepa bsel )ftef 
licboman* on fenipim pape* o4^ on eajifejmm^ 
jej-pince ppilS on )>one anhplitan" jj^: hyr py on )>am 
QeoCpan' bsele ppiS on y& pambe. 

piS pipej- plepfan jenim )ione camb ]>e heo ana hype 
Iieapob ntib cembe^ ^ oeenij' man sep mib cembe'^ ne 
Eepcep cembe ■" Unbep 6am tpeope mopbeame cembe"' 
Jwp" bjpe peax" f )>8ep" on )>am cambe" jejiolije 
jepomnije -j aho'" on upjTambenbe Cpi; jjaej" mop- 
beamep -j epc Jmb hpile clpene hi" cojepomnise ^ 
jehealbe" f hype biiS Ifecebom ]KBpe'* Be hjpe heapob 
JiBBp** cembej»." 

6fC jij: heo pylle ^ 8a)tr hype blobpyne cj'me to 
cembe** efC hjpe heapb unbep mopbeame ^ ^ peox 
})e on J>am cambe cleopje" pomnije-'* -j bo on anne** 
celjpan 6e j"y i^une" jecyppeb ^ jepanmije*' ept f 
hjpe by]> hecebom. 

Gyp 6u pjlle f pip By jecUenpob J>e nteppe mihcc 
dene** bcon*" pypc hjpe pealpe of" ]>ani peaxe "j bit 
set hpejo abpij" -j bo on hype lie** |ionne byj) heo 

H.i vrntftaner, B. ' 

■■ -ban, H. 

■ nMe, H., 

• He-, H.; - 

turnan, B. 

'-F0IS-. B. 

• -plMM, H. 

' nyJ^pBD, B. 

'est*, H. 

' numis, H., 



e, H. B, " c»mbe, B., twii 


■' t^}', B. 

'■ ]*x, B. 


B. " oimlw. 

n. B. 


B.i iho. H. 

"hi, V. ■' 


■,B. -We.B. 



OMU, H., btU 

• wort. 

" combe, H. B. 

- clyps<. 


» roiu, H.. 



of the body. Ere thoa take this apple or berry, say 

these words : a-ff, ai|>, e^r, a; ^apfiaxn etlpai <ri tpo; 
■kSlvw) a'ifi.o^^ay'ixv ■wetnli alftaroi tuv Tf a.ijMVTetyi;fi 
When thou hast said these words, take the apple or 
fruit, and then wind it up in a fine purple clotl), 
and then bag it again in a piece of Eome ot^er fine 
linen, and have a care that this leechdom touch 
neither water nor earth. When there is need, and 
the upper part of the body labours in any sore, or 
any difficulties, hind it upon the forehead; if it is 
on the nether part, hind it on the wamb. 

6. Ad mulieris fluxum. Take the comb with which 
she alone combed her head, and with which no other 
man has combed nor shall comb. Under the tree 
morheam, there let her comb her hair; let her gather 
what is lost in the comb, and hang it on an 
upstanding twig of the morbeam, and again after a 
while, when clean, let her gather it from the twig 
and preserve it. That shall be a leechdom for her, for 
the one who there combeth her head. 

7. At si hoc optaverit, ut menstrua fluant, let her 
comb her head again under the mulberry tree, and let 
her collect the hair that cleaveth upon the oomb, and 
let her place it on a twig which is turned downwards, 
and let her collect it again ; that is her leechdom. 

8. If thou will that a womiui be cleansed, who never 
might be clean, work her a salve from the hair, and 
dry it somewhat, and put it on her body; then shall 
she be cleansed. 

* The words Tp^ Tatrcat atfuiffayiay are clearly right. 
mj duty to attempt to rend the rest. 

oaittlDg half ihe word. " mne, B. " abuoe, B. 
canjculy. •* civile, H. B. " beon, H. " fir, H. 



IL Medicina de cerno. [MS. O.] 

yi^ tuebjiau ' ]-lite < heoptej' hojtn hapA nueiea 
felcne pcetau to i^;eime ■' pp i^sm hif man bjiuce)* 
on easfealpe,* 

Pit> heapob j-ajia heoptef hopnej- azan' pp pen^a* 
jepBBje ' bjxmo ' mm anne * pefcep pinej- -j rpejen 
pEBtepef nun jwef ffighpjloo beBje j-cenc" pilne -j bjiinoe 
)>e]' bpeno eac'" pambe fap jeha)rejia6. 

pij> col* P*S"'*5* heopter hojin jebsepneh ^ jecnuoob 
))a te6 jetpyme)) jip hij* mao piflice bpucefi." 

Pi8 pipej* plepj-an heopcef hopn co bufW jebeacen 
■j" bjUDce on pine j-ona him" by)» pel 

Pi6 p^maf ro cpellenne" heopftei- hopn jebsqinebne 
bpinoe on batqm'" petepe ^& pypmaj* he Scpellefi •] 
tir apeoppeJ>." 

NtDbpan eao " to aopellsnne" mm )«]* hopnef 
acxan" •) fcpeb )>tBp hi f^n hi*" ifleci^ yaia on pe;. 

]?i6 pipa eappoiSnyfflim"' Jiap imcyrte spewf hats^ 
hypcem {lepmzam ■ heoprep bopnep )>t^ iinnleftan 
feufcep** bpuoe Jipy" i^ajap on pinef bpinoa jif he" 
fepop'S 17 tsp^Pe Jranne on peapiaum psatepe • f bi6 
;ob IfficeopisfC, 

pi)) miltan ]-ape heoptej* hopn sebtepnabne )ncje on 
jejTwetum bpince ••• he ^ milwn abpij^ • ^ ^ p^ on 
pej ap Jppe]*.*' 

■ Il»^piIl, H. " -BS-, B,( toji-j H. • mfj-, H. • li6piwr 

fxui, H. • pMie5», H. B. * S*!^e, B. • faplne, H. 

* BDOe, B. • ro«iic, B. '• ^Ma bpuie tie, H, " bplieett, B. 

" H. omiti T, bnt V, B. accept it. " hype, B.; ipii ri nifutuvw^. 
" acp-, H. " hSxu, B. " uc apjppriS, B. '* e*c K 

" -lenne, H. '* aMU, H. B. " tap his fJn '"S. B. 

" eappb-, T-i ^ejxu, B. " bilbvr, B. " hjiis, B. " hta, 

more propcriy. " bpinoe, B. ■ 5<7ypi>«V, B. 


OF sEXTUs pLicmre, 

Painiing of a hcuri. IL 

1. Agunst bite of snake;* a baits bom batb main 
w "power to dry up every wet ; bence it is used for 
an eye salva 

2. AgaiuBt Bore of bead, drink by weigbt of five 
peDni«fl *> of asbes of barts horn ; take one Beztarius 
of wine, and two of water ; take of tbis every day a 
cup full, and drink this drink. It also restraineth " 
8ore of wamb. 

3. Against wagging of teetb, harts horn burnt and 
pounded ateadietb the teetb, if one wisely usetb it. 

4. Ad mulieris fluxum. Harts bom beaten to a 
dust, let ber drink it in wine ; soon she shall be well. 

5. For worms, to kill them, drink bumt barta bom 
in hot water ; it kiUetb and castetb out the worma 

6. Also to quell snakes, take ashes of the bom, and 
spread ikem, where the anakes are; they soon flee 

7. For the difficulties of women ; tbis disorder <* the 
Greeks bight utrrf/iix^ wf^, use the smallest dust of 
harts horn for three days in a drink of wine ; if she 
be feverish, then let her drink it in warm water. 
That is a good leecbcrafb. 

8. For aore of milt, take bumt barts horn in a 
sweetened drink; it shall dry up the milt^ and put 
&x away the sore. 

* This title is in the MS. G., Latin : " Ad omnee homines ;' 

^ " Dragmam nnam," Lat. 
' " Sedat," Lat. 

^ " Ncquissimi Gcfeci," Lat., MS. G. But neqaiBsimam 
tiitinm was the reading of ed. 1238. 



pi? ceteji lieopcej" liojm' jebeejuieline menj' pi6 
eceb pnype* mib* J>am bjueblice.him cyiiiej> hoc. 

SfC piiS terep op anbpliran c5 bonne ' heopref hopn 
jebsapnebne menj' pi6 ele j-mype' y 'ponne f be- 
bpujub* sy epc Jiu hit jenipa ■ bo )>i]- on j'unnan 
npjanje" hpieblice hit h8ele)>, 

GfC pi's Jjam ylcan heopcej- '* hopn jebepnebne 
nijon" peneja" jepteje bo fsepco-" -j jerpypf^r'* ''F 
feolfpe j-yx peninxa " jepseje • jemenj" -j jejiiib" 
j-pijie pel ^ jcpypc ^0 cly]>an • ^ jTnype'* mib Lye 
hsEJe)?"' pel f j-fip. 

pifi cupula parella - f fy heoprej- heajoj-pmb" jip 
)iu hapapc mib )>e • nS apifa^ )ie cyjiolu 'j J'ft l>e tep" 
apifon" mib h^ sechpine • hj" on pej jepic^ 

Pip jemanan r5 apeccanne Nim** heoptep pceallnn" 
bpy5 pypc to bupte b5 hyp i«el on pinep bpmc •" ^ 
apeccej>*^ pip jemanau^ lupt, 

*• piB ^ ylce • mm heoptep • pcytel ^ cnuca to bufce • 
bo on pmep • bpinc hjr heelee^ ■ }>ser ylce. 

piiS niebpan bite heoptep jecjnbbmu** bpij to 
bupte ■ -J jebo" popan bnpt Jwepto" J>peopa pemnja" 

nm,s,S. ; mm^cH. 




' mteng, H. 1 mmnse, B. '^ 





■' .jso.. n. 





B. "-ni«.s, 

Hi, B,«. 




" lutlril, B. » 

UnSoqAi!,, II. 


»>I.»on,H. "hiRB. "nini,H. 


" biwnc H. 

" Bpecrf. H. 


B. 'TUt 

leech^om ii 

mnlgnifttie manner. *■ -leomo. H, " sebo, H. 






9. AguQsi totter, mingle with vin^pir harta horn 
burnt; smear with that; quickly cometh bote or 
amendment to him. 

10. Again, to get a tetter off the &ce, mingle with 
oil burnt harts horn; smear, and when that is dried, 
renew thoa it again. Do this at the upgoing t^ the 
Bun; quickly it healeth. 

11. Agun, for the same, apply thereto burnt harts 
horn 1:^ weight of nine pennies, and by weight of six 
pennies o£ the filing of silver, that i«, of Utharge ; > 
mix and mb tc^;ether very well, and work to a 
poultice, and smear therewith ; it healeth the sore 

12. Against chumela or keraele, or avooUen glands, 
if thou haat with thee the patella,'' that is, a harts 
cheek, the ohumds will not arise, and those that 
before arose, at the toach of it, will depart away. 

13. TJt ooitoB appetitus exdtetur; siune cervi testi- 
ouloo, siccatos ad pulverem redige, partemque in vini ■ 
pocalnm indito; ita appetitnm ad congressum cum 
muliere excitabis. 

14. For that ilk; take a harts sham, and pound 
it to dust ; put tJiA dvM into a drink of wine ; it will 
heal that ilk. 

PavMivig of a anaJce. 

15. Against bite of adder, dry to dost a harts 
membra genitalia, afld add thereto dnst of rose by 

' Litharge ia a gloss in MS. H. ; " Spnma argenti," Lat. 

^ Patella is inee cap: the Latin adds, hoc est, genninum, 
that is, grinder tooth. Of the Bignificatlon of he^^Ofpiab, 
though Lye and Sonmer give no proofs no one can have 
a donbt, who looks at the glossary printed by Somner, p. 70 b, 
line 12, and reads p. 71 a, line 88, with the necessary cor- 
rection of rpmb for j-pinb ; fpinb is in the transcript by 
Janins, which is the original of the printed text ; cf. also 
Wachter, jenas • heajaapen. gL nnpabliahed, also the Lorica. 
Articles 18, 14, are not in the Latin of MS. &. 



jepsBje on' bfuuce -j Jnc^e on basje j-oe^pbce* ye 
bpenc' hffile)) luebpau biOe. 

pi6 jnxbe •] p)|ijebint>e beojir^j- h£e|i* beo6 jf^ 
3obe mib Co fmeocanne pipuannum. 

Pi6 pifej* jeeaonnnje ban biiS fuubeu on beojicef 
heoi»Can bpilum' on bjufe f ylce' hfc ;e;eajipf^' 
31F 6u ^ bfin on ■ pipnannej' eajuu abehfi:^ j^>pi6ej% 
p»a]ipUce hjuej^e' beo jeeacna^. 

Pi& iQao)ia pjuece -j ^j: ;ebmb men bj')' heoiiCq- 
meapb jemylceb j*yl« bim on peapmum pseCepe hjiteity- 
bce hyc bsele|>. 

pi6 nsebjiena" apbjenje" beojitej- meapb" jebiejuieb 
06 f byc fmeoce o)>^ )ni bit nub f^e bebbe hir 
Bfh^ey ^ nEobpan. 

piS lafium Iselum" ^ pommum'* beoptej- pmeopo** 
jemylceb"*] nub ofi:ojipylluni"jecnuoub'*'j janenjeb" 
■j to fei^pe jebon -j onjej-eteb** ponbojUice byt bsle}>. 

UL Medicina de vlpe. [MS. O.] 

^dofd^^! pi*^ pip* eapfo'Snyi'jTim*' Jw on beopa** mpepbbcam** 
nSSL?Sti?ii5°'" ftopum e&jvpepa ])popiaS jroxep leojiu** -j bip jTneopu** 
^^b^^ mib ealbon" ele *j mib t^ppan pypc him to peaJfe bo 
SU. msIh!'*' on" pip* Jtope bpaj>e hit ))a eappejia jeb£ele]>. 

piB heapob pape tiam jebce ye bjt h^ bupan** 
jecpeben** ^p pmype*** f beapob h;^ heel^ ponbopboe. 

■61), H. '1 jv-, E. ■b)Miia,H.t bji^«, B. *li^. B. 

■hpiia, B.i philom, H., OMf be raipeetedof ■ late iat». ' kjiae,R,, 
nwaiMHDBuF '-paViH. 'ilLolilt, H., '] ii not given. * hpaXe, 

H. B. " DBbjiin, H. ■■ -see, H. B. " mctpE, H. " MK, L. 
■'ponaiun, H. "fmepo, B.i nnepu, H. "semyl, H., !ulf a 

woi^ " ftop-, V. " secnocob, B. '* rtnnnS'i B. * («se- 

rtwe, H.; with fern. UnniiUktioiif " -nejTfi, B, '•hJi», B. 

■ -peajib-, H. ** iMffo, B. I bKn, H. * nnqw. H.) nncpB, R 

" -ban, H. " te, B. ■* bcq^m, H. B. ■ epeC, H., f<M«l. 

" Itaiypai B. 



Tcilght of ihiee pennies in a drink, and let th^ sick 
take {^ it oa iha day; the drink sharply healeth the 
adders hite. 

16- For strangnry and harmfiil binding,* harts hairs 
are very good for women, to smoke them therewith. 

17< For a womaos conception, a bone is found in 
a harts heart, sometimes in its belly ; that same effects 
it ; if thou hangest that bone on a womans arm, and 
tiest it sharply, rathely she oonceiTeth. 

18. For pain of inwards, and if a man have binding 
or constipation,^ give him a harts marrow melted in 
warm water J quickly it healeth. 

19. For putting of snakes to dight, a harts marrow 
bomt till it smokes, or do thou hare it with thee; 
it putteth the snakes to flight. 

SO. For loathly weals and flecks," harte grease melted 
and pounded with oyster shells, and mixed up, and 
reduced to a salve, and applied ; wonderfully it healeth. 

ni. P<mUi7ig of a fook 

1. For troubles of women, who suffer troubles in 
their inward^ places, work for them into a salve a 
foxes limbs and his grease, with old oil and with tar ; <> 
apply to the womens places ; qnickly it healeth the 

2. For head sore, smear the bead with the like to 
what is here above said; it healeth wondrously. 

■ " Ad Btrangoiriam et aborsnm. Ex pilis ceramiB sofiami- 
gabis, et mnlier Banabitiir," Lat. MS. G-. In the old English 
text I do not see that sense. 

t> "Ad mteatmoniin dolorem si ttinnin&ta fnerint," Lai. ; 
which has not the sense of onr text : bnt if thi bowelt be 

< " Ad pemioneB," IJat., chiUbtaim, 

* " loferioribnB," Lat. MS. Gr. 

• " Bitumine^" I^at " Loca " ia a frequent eufemiBm. 

T 2 



pi6 eajiena ]^pe epc 3ebce )x»i' ^e hep btipao' 
jecpeben if ;enim )>a ylcan fealfe hlutcpe bp^pe era 
j} eajie punbojibce hVc hsBle)*. 

Pi8 milran pape poxe]" Innjen' on* hartpe sej-can 
;e]-oben •' *] tep jecnucub" -j co bpence' setxm >• 
milran^ hyC pimboplice jehfBle]) • ppa be)> hyp lipep ^ 
J' Ice, 

Pi$ peapcan jenmi poxej- pceallan^ sesmb fpt^ ofc 
^pmib*" ya peaptan hp^ie hyr hy" tobpe<x}> ^ on 
pes afcej). 

pi6 neajippe fpoperunje • pozep Inujen jepoben -j 
on jeppemim pine jebon • -j jepealb ponbopUoe hie 

pi8 pape cypnlu" jox&f pceallan'" 2^°"" * "i S*"** 
mib jelome hpa|>e hi beoiS hale 

P16 jomeua'^ pape foxep ptna jenim •] on humje 
jepiee "j jnib mib |>a joman ppi)>e ope • pona liim b^)> 
pel Jftep bpooep. 

JhB hea[:oti ece jenini poxep jeeynb Jropoh" f 
heapob atran bjiajie )»ep heapobep" pSp hfy apej" 

To pip pinjum poxej' ceejlep pe ycenuepca biel on 
eapm Shanjen jm jel^poib p }>ip py co pip {nnsam on 
byrmsep" jebon. 

Pi% lip able jeoun cpiceuue'' pox •] peoK ^ )ia ban 
ane beon leepeb aprije*" piepin" jelomhce ■j** in o)»ep 
bffiS bo he ppa ppi)>e ope • puubojilioe hir luele^ 'j 
ftjshpylce"* jeape • f^pne** pnlcum he hun p«al* 

' ^oa, H. omiti. ' bajon, B. * Incccn, B. ' fin, H. 

* serobonci B. * SMUOCob, B. ' 'BpNnee, H. ■ -<<■> H. 

• rciilltu^ B. " t«]>, B. >■ his, B. " r«p«ln witt pe ^ am 
written, H.i ttwonld liafD« ooqjtetDK. "rctUlan, B. "saB-,B. 
» ymb-, H. B. ■• hegrber. H. B. i' onpeSi H., an (ddn- Aia. 
" abyrmqi, H., cruii of prepoiition ; bijinep, B. " epe»t, H, 
■ 1 tige, H. " tap, B. " 1, H. omits. " -h^jyi, H.,)Htlf a word. 

»• >JT< v., bwt J«nie, B. H. 



3. For sore of eaxs ; agaic, like what is' here above 
said, take the same aalre when clear ; drip it into the 
ear; voudroosly it healeth. 

4. For sore of milt, a foxes lung sodden in hot 
ash, and pounded before thai, and reduced to a drink, 
healeth vonderfully the milt; so doth his liver that 

5. For warte,' take a foxes coillon ; rub the warts 
very often therewith ; quickly it breaketh them up, 
and removeth them away. 

6. For oppressive hard drawn breathing,'' a foxes 
lung Boddeu, and put into sweetened wine, and ad- 
ministered, wonderfully healeth. 

7. For sore chnmels.'^ take a foxes coillon, and rub 
often therewith; soon they will be hole. 

8. For sore of finuces, take a foxes siuews,*' and wot 
them in honey, and rub the fauces with them oft ; 
soon the sufferer will be well of that plague. 

9. For head ache, take a foxes naturam ; surround 
the head on the outside ; quickly the sore of the head 
will be banished fiu: away. 

10. Ad congressns cum muliere ; the extremest end 
of a foxes tail hung upon the arm ; thou believest 
that this is done for a mockery upon the sacra 

IT. For disease of joints, take a living fox, and 
seethe him till the bones alone be left; let the man 
go down therein frequently, and into another bath; 
let him do so very oft ; wonderfully it healeth ; and 

■ " Ad parrotidas," Lat^ glandular twellingt abonl the 
» " Ad Baspirlmn," Lat. 

c " Ad ingtunnm dolorem." The same mist^o in ii. 12. 
■J " Eenes," Lat. 
■ " Irritamentnm ad coitum," Lat. MS. G-. 



jejeappuin • ■] ele bo JwBjito' tonne he hme j^oBe -j 
hir fJrpim' ^em^ce vo ])eapfe bpaoe. 

Pi6 eapena pape jenim poxep' jeaUau me&c* piK ele 
bpjpe on }ki e&pan^ hyt pel jelisele)r. 

pi8 eajena bynmyrpe jenun i»"r*' S«allan je- 
inencjeb' mib bopau buuije •] on eajaii" jebon" hyc 

pi6 eapena pape jemm j»sef" jelynbe jemylwb 
bpype on )fa eapaa'' him Gym's" 2*^ ''^• 

pi8 poc ppsQce jip fe umepa bffil )>8Q|- pceo]*'* by)> 
pxenli;^b- -j ;yp hiC p^ potabi pmype" nub ele )>a per 
hj'" habba^ Jwep J>e leobtpan sanj." 

IT. Medicina de lepore. [MS. O.] 
Pi6 opepplsepe hapan bpaejen on pme jepealb Co 

bpence" punhoplice byc bet«J>. 

piji eajena pape hapan lunjen onjepeCeb -j jjfepto" 

jeppijien Ji pSp bJJ» jebffileb. 

piS potppjlum *] pcel>|>um*' hapan Itinjen upan" on 

•j neoJ'Mi'' ro3eppi)>en puuboplioe |)a jonjap beo^ 

Dam pipnm )>e him b^pa beopfiop loaie hapan 
beopcan abpije "j** pypc Co bul^e <] (ipibb&n hte\ 
pecelpep buptep syle bpincan peofon bajap on pcipmn 

pam }>onne Jw* hje ope oCpealle}) xxx«?s*" baja je 
on pme je on pypcnnje. 

' >ip, B.) ^ptu, H. ' iSjpim, H. B., more cotreetl;^. 

'T^ct, H. *mMisi3, B.| mnns, H. > Vhc ca|w, H., ihigiilar 

QDiuber, * joxej, K ' ^bmobs-, B. B. • tt^ffo, B. 

•bo, B., impeatiTe, "hmllS, B. " F^xeTi H. "-pfa,H. 

"oymeS, H. " r^'T. ^- " flnqii, B. "hiSi B. "j*c,B., 

for gmiE' " bpance, H. " >Bp, B. " scK^finm, H. B. 

" ojroD, B. " niSon, B. " -U*, H, " hy for i, H. " ^t 

Mite, H. »C15, H.B. out. 



vrery year be shaU prepare himBelf Mm Bopport, and 
let bun add oil thereto, when he seetbeth bim ; and let 
him uBe in this manner according to bia need. 

12. For sore of ears, take a foxes gaJl; mingle with 
oil; drip into the ears; it healetb weU. 

13. For dimness of eyes, take a foxes gall mingled 
vith honey of dumble dore,^ and applied to the eyes, 
it healetb. 

14. For Bore of ears, take fores loin fiif* melted; 
drop it into the ears; good health will come to tbem. 

15. For acute pain of foot, if the inner part of the 
shoe be -vixen hide ; and if it be foot addle or gout, 
smear the feet with oil; they will have so much the 
lighter walk. 

Famting of a ka/re. iv. 

1. For oversleeping," a bares brain in wine ^ven 
for a drink; wonderfully it amendetb. 

2. For sore of eyes, a hares lung set on and botmd 
fast thereto; the sore will be healed. 

3. For foot swellings and scathes, a bares lung 
bound on above and beneath ; wonderfolly the steps 
are healed. 

4. i^For the women, whose burthen or fcettis pe- 
rishes, hy aho^iion, diy a hares heart, and work it to 
dust, and a third part of frankincense dust ; admi- 
nister it to be drunk for seven days in clear wine. 

6. To them whom this oft befalleth, admvnieter 
for thirty days, either in wine, or in a jo^paration of 

■ " Com melle attico," Lat. ; read as " attoci " by the 

* " Adepe," Lat, 

* " Ad submegUoe," Lat. Thie word is rightly interpreted 
in vm. 12. Did our author read somnicnloaos ? 

^ The Latin has difierr<icea. 



Donne Jiam pipum )>e fep;ep beop}>jie on )*nmum 
fTopum rpmcen f ylce t>6' co biience* jaeps^itrum on 
peajunum psrejie ^ona hfu by]) jehieleb. 

Pi6 e&jena b^mnj^re* hajian jeallan pi8 hunij 
jemen<5e6* -j mib jefm^jieb Jia eajan jebeojicijeaj).' 

Dam mannum )>e fpinclonje' ))ju>pia'%' hajtan 
lunjen ^ j-eo hfep fomob jemencjeb' -j jreopep 
pene^* S^P*^^ myjijian ^ 'Speojia beopej*'" -j an«f 
hnnijef Jiij* j'ceal beon apylleb on jobvm ecebe • ^ 
f J]>J>an nub jejTetton" pine jepefeb • i sepcep Jntm 
hpince" j-ooa hyr h»Ie(>." 

Pi6 blsBb]ian'* ya)ie hajian j-ina jebjiyjebe >j mib 
j-ealre jebpsebbe" "j jehj-pftre pceaj;'" on hif bpinc" 
punbojihce liyc htelej)." 

pits atcopcoppui biCe hapan jniia jej^e ^ liim j-yle 
Jjicjan" eac bye ij- telrsepe jyp hi mon bpeape ppy'S*!" 
«U3** pi6 plncran hi beoS jotw je(H>bene. 

pip feallenbiim peaxe bapan pambe peot oppv hyaob 
on pannap on ;obum ele fniype*' f fetx ^ f beafob 
JTODQe ninie]r f feax** Co -j peo j-ealf jenjbefi f hjc 

To )>an f pip cenne^ pspneb cilb h^ian bpip** 
jebpjjeb*' -J jepceapen*" o68e jejniben on bpinc bpin- 
cen bum •" jip f pip ana hjt bjunce}> Sonne oen^ 
lieo anbpt^iuem ne b^)> f ro nahre na)wp ne pep ne 

> f |iw: M, H. ' bptoce, H. ■ -ncrre, B. • mbbde-^ B. 

* -cwS, B. * nnns-, B. ' ypdfaX, B. ■ -nuniscb, S. B. 

• pMWE*, H. B. " bcfopef, H. B, 5/" ieaiur ; V. ihavi crHam 
of the F- " -«Qi H. " For bpiDcait, plural, " wiabmitiir." 
'• hvlS, B.J brtf s«luriet>, H. " bp-, H. » -Rebe selqwbi*, H. 
" rbcapT*, B. ■' bfiiae, H. '* hmK, H. " fiuesan, H. 
>■ ^ H. *■ fbiejit, B. " jii, H. " emamt, H. B. 
" hpij-, H. •* -bpiss-. B. " sefi^Vi. B. » baco, H. 
** camlt, U-i ODDcV, B. 



6. Next for the women, who, after child-birth are 
ill at ease in some places; reduce that ilk to a drink, 
for them fitsting, in warm water; soon f^ oaae will 
be healed. 

7. For dimness of eyes, a hares gall mingled with 
honey, and smeared with, brightraieth the eyes. 

' 8. For the men that sofier giddiness, a hares long 
and the liver mingled together, and myrrh by weight 
of four pennies,' and three of beer,' and one of honey ; 
this shall be boiled in good vin^ar, and subsequently 
infused with sweetened wine, and after that let them 
drink ; soon it bealeth. 

9. For sore of bladder, shive into the ma/na drink a 
hares sinews,** dried, and roasted with salt, and fiied; 
wouderfnliy it healetb. 

10. For bite of spider, prepare a bares sinews," and 
give them M« man to eat; it is also good if one 
uwallow tbem raw. Also they be good against nausea, 
if sodden. 

1 1. For falling hair, seethe or dress on a pan in good 
oil a haa-ee wamb; smear the hair and the head; then 
the hur holdeth on, and the salve compels that it 
sbaU grow. 

IS. In order Uiat a woman may kindle a male child, 
a bares belly dried, and cut into shives or dices, or 
rubbed into a drink; let them both, man amd wifa, 
drink it : if the wife alone drinketh it, then will she 
kindle an ii^paywnty ; that is as naught, neither man 
nor woman. 

• Beer, " CBstorei," 
» " Renes," Lat 
" " Renea," Latin. 



Gp: to ]»ua jlcfua b&jiui fceallau' pipe septeji h^jie 
cleBupinje pyle on pine bjiincan ):onne cen%* heo 
psepnet) cilt>. 

ptp to jeeScnijenne ■• hajian cjpljbb* peopeji pe- 
neja' jepteje pyle on pne bpincan ]nm pipe op pipe • 
"J ^sm pepe op pejie • *f )ionne bon h^pa' jemanan • 
■J lepcep }h>ii hf popluebben •' ]x>nne hpajw jeeacnsA^ 
heo ■^ pop mete" heo poeal pume hpj-le ppamma 
bpuoan ■ ^ pop bi^ pm^en^pe punbophce heo 

PiB pcoppionep bite -j nmbpao j-Ute hapaJi cyplyb 
jepealb on pinep b]unce ^ pel jehsele)). 

J>i^ f oilbom butaa'" pape t^ pexen hapan bjuejen 
jepoben jnib jelome mib )ia to6 peoman hi beotS 
chene ^ unpape. 

pits pambe ppsBCe^' jemtn hapan helan" bep on 
)>inum heb cla]re pimbophce hit hfele6. 

PiK eajena pape hapan Upep ;epobeii fy job on 
pine to bpmcenne" "j mib )min bpo]>e 6a eajan to" 

Dam mannum"' pe ppam {nepe teo}>an tibe** ne 
jepeo® Jjsep Jlcan bpmcep" pmj-c" heopa eajan'" on 
pon -j mib jiam bpojw pecen ■ -j )>a lippe pffiten *j 
jniben -j mib pmypsen." 

piB blob pjne jebeepneb hapan hpep '^ sejniben *j 
on jeptpefeeb hpa)>e hyt jeptille)!. 

> A»llBii, B 


, B. H. 


H. ' dr, B. 

• p»neE8, H. 

B. 'hype, B. 

'habban, B. 

■-eicn-, H. 

•met:, B. 

" bucou. B. 


E. '<h>UD, H.i IiBl>ii,B. 

" gebponcen. 

B., EA*-»*i 

t bpince, tt, 

, drini it. 

" brfScMim., H. 



•' bpincer. H. 


« ..son, B. 


nnyppen, V 

'., TTith s (rret 

Pi pnq.j«i, H. ;■ 

flntpiBM., B. 


OF 8KCTUB PLAcnxrs. 347 

13. Again, for that ilk, otter her deaasing, give in 
vine to drink a hares ooUlonB to the woman ; then will 
she conceive a ntale child 

14. To make a woman pregnant, give to drink in 
wine a hares mnnet hj weight of four pennies," to the 
woman &om a femaJe hare, to the man irom a male 
hare, and then let them do their concubitus, and ailer 
that let them forhear; then qiiickly she will be 
pregnant; and for meat she shall for some while use 
mnahrooma, and, instead of a bath, smearings; won- 
derfully she will be pregnant 

Pavnivng of a scorpion. 

15. For bite of scorpion and rent by snake, let ^ 
man drink a haree ruonet administered in wine; that 
healeth well. 

16. In order that for children their teeth may wax 
without sore, a hares brain sodden; mb frequently 
therewith the guma; they will be clean and unsore. 

] 7. For pain of wamb, take heela ^ of hare, bear 
them on thy frock;" wonderfully it healeth. 

18. For sore of eyes, a hares liver sodden is good 
to drink in wine, and to bathe the eyes with the 

19. For the men who from the tenth hour of the 
day see not, let them receive with their eyes the 
smoke of the same drink, and reek them with the 
broth ; and let them wet the liver, and mb and smear 

20. For blood running, hares livetr burnt, and rubbed 
and spread on, quickly stilleth it. 

* " Ad dragmas iiii., Latin. 

>• " Talum," Latin. 

e « Uentrem," LatJn. Whence Lye interpretB hebcla)*, 
ventrale ; it was however, u I learn from a gl. unpublished, 
a thick upper garment of coaroe material, like a ehasnble. 



T. [Hedidna de caprea.] 

Pi6 blob jiyae op nebbe f^Ji^in buccaa p ^j* pabu 
bucca ofMSe jac' fxep lypep' jebpyceb pi8 ecebe* -j on 
iiSB]')rypl bepmnjen pnnbojilice h|i[^>e h^ 6one blobji^ne 

To eajena beophenjffe* pubu boccan jeaUa* je- 
meDcjet)* pi6 felbbeona" hunije • -j onjepnyjieft* feo 
beojibcn^r him to cymK.* 

ptez ylce msej pi6 jomena j^ape jemenj' Jxme 
jeallaii -j huiii; Copomne • hpin ^ joman mi)> hjT 

To eaUum unc;^Jtuin )>e on jomum beo8 acenneb" 
pubu^Ce ;e^lan mib felb beona liunije jemeojeb" 
Jnep" r<*"J eac" jelice apejen m^ppe -j pipop -j cpoh 
j*eo6 eall on pine" oJ> f hje \y pel to realye jepoplit. 
pnype" ))onne )Ja j'apan j'^man mib baja jebpylce" 
06 p hy" halijen." 

}h6 eajena bymneppe pubu jate jeallan ■] lycel piiie)' 
menj"' to pomne j-mype" mib Kpipa ^nne beo8 In" 

]>i8 bpoppajum aubplaran** pububnocan** ^eallan 
o(S6e jate semeocseb" piiS peetepe • -j on jermj-peb 
hpa]>e hit jelacnaiS.*' 

Pi6 nebcopn jje pex^** on yam anbpUtan pmjpe*" 
mib jate jeallan ealle )» nebcopn he op ]>am anbplitan 
aclffinptfi ^ ealne )>one pom be j/^fumJi, 

' sfc. B. • Urjie, B. ' -atjjt, B. • -lUn, H. 

* -^bkhs-, B. H. * -ner, B, ' ^-jmep-, H. ,' ejmeS, B. 

'-maSi ■■>! H.; -inwiso, B. »1ub1cV, H. "acMnneti, H. B. 

" -mnng-, B. " ^KJ^, B. " tta, S. " eo itannc, fer 

on p., H. " Anypa, B. " -lone, B. " hig, B. " baben, 

H.; faifaEni, B, " bm&sc, H. B. " nn^;!*, & ■* iig, 

' B. » hale, B.) iW*, wMe. - -^«-> H. " b«e«>. T. 



V. Painting </ a common he goaL 

\. For blood runoing from the nose, a mountain 
buck, that is, a wood back or goat, a livar of this, 
broken up with vinegar, and thrust into the nostril, 
wonderMly rathely it stilletb the blood numing, 

8. For brightness of eyes, gall of a wild buck min- 
gled with field bees' honey, and smeared on; the 
brightness cometh to them. 

3. That ilk may, or, ia throng, against sore of &uces, 
mingle the gall and honey together; touch the &uoe!) 
therewith; it healeth. 

4. For all inconveniences that be produced in the 
fauces, a wood goats gall mingled with honey of field 
bees,i> tiiere shall be added, weighed to a like weight, 
myrrh, and pepper, and crocus, or aaffron; seethe all 
in wine, tiU it be well wrought into a udve ; then 
smear the sore chops therewith, each day, till that 
they heal 

5. For dimness of eyes, mingle together a wood 
goats gall and a little of wine ; smear therewith 
thrice; then be they healed. 

6. For a spotted face, a wood bucks gall, or a goats, 
ming^ with water, and smeared on ; quickly it 

7. For granulations which wax upon the fiice, smear 
with goats gall; it will cleanse all the specks off the 
face, and diminish all the unsightlyneBS. 

■ " Cum melle attico," Latin. 

^ It, in the neater, refers to the process, not the gall, 
belongs to a verb snppreesed. 

" H«n B. CuU H. 



jhft eapena f&jie ^ TP^Z^ fuiia jate ;eaUa nub 
neopum' ele o6Se eeppelep pe&pe pkec jemencjeb' <] 
OQ ]« eepan jebon h;^ hsele)*.* 

Pi6 to]' eoe pubu save jeallau mencj* pi6 ele 
fmype' mi6 fpj'jw jelome ]>oiiae beo6 hi° hale, 

PI'S hejiB' byljej- j-ape oBBe pnnbe {rypejaCe jeaUan 
menj" piK ham; bo to )fain pijie hit hsslep peL 

To pipe]- piUaD Juej- buccan jeallan men;" pi6 
pec«lj- • ^ pi8 netelan j-eeb ■ jrajpe' Jwne teojij" nub 
tttji fopan to ]tBi' pej% jemanan ■ ]t yif onfehS" |)fep 
pillan on Sam heemebe. 

pj tef cilb By hpeoj-enbe f if pjlle feoe o)>|>e 
fcinlac mete" fjjiejate hpte^en teoh Jinph ^Jlbenne 
hpm;" i>^le ))am cilbe j^jan tep Jiam h^ meolc 
onb^je hjt hjp jehaeleb." 

TL [Medicina de hirco.] 

Pift homnm mm p*e hopn -j leje Co Yjjte ^ he 
b;y'pne on fjpe" bo )>onne op ]« fcylle on nipe fset 
caiuca hjt Jwime fpijw piC jueiqiptmi eoebe • bo on )» 
homan op f hf hale yyn. 

To fbspe jate hopn unbep beafob jeleeb** peocao" 
he on flsepe"* jecjppet'. 

■ D.fv% B. * -men^eb, B. ■ tuilriS, B. 

' ftnypa, B. • his, B. ' hypS, B. 

twice. • nutP^ B. " oo)iti, V, " iiiJnc, B. 

iliese irordi. " jyiie, tlna, MB. O ; Typls, V. 

" iiaccan, B. " flap, B. 



8. For sore of ears, and sounding vn them, a wood 
goata gall mingled witii new oil, or with apples juice,' 
and Inkewann; pat into the ears; it healetii iKem. 

9. For tooth ache, mingle a wood goats gall with 
oil; smear very freqnently with that; then they, the 
teeth, shall be hole. 

10. For sore or wound of the orchis htg,^ mingle a 
mountain goats gall with honey; apply to the sore; 
it bealeth well 

11. °Ad mulieris Totnptatem mtgenda/m; cum tare 
eapreoti fel commiaceto, et cum nrticee semine; hoc 
unge verefcrnm ante quam ad tori concubitum iverint ; 
sic in ista copnlatiooe mulier voluptatem percipiet. 

12. Lest a child be MLing, that is, be sick of «pil^)ey, 
the felling sickness, or dream of an apparition, draw 
a mountain goata brain through a golden ring; give 
it to the child to swallow before it tastes milk; it 
will be healed. 

VL PamUmg of a goat, a ke goat. 

1. For erysipelatous inflammatione, take a goats 
horn, and lay it to the fire, so that it may bmTi at 
the fire ; then remove the incmstationfi to a new 
vessel; then pound it thoroughly along with sharp 
acid ; apply to the erynpelatous eruptions, till they be 

2. To get sleep, a goats h(vn laid under the head 
tumeth waking into sleep. 

■ " Porri," Latin ; read as pomi. 

" " Ad ueretri eznlceratioDea," Latin miannderstood ; eee 
viii. 2. 

•^ This article is not found in the Latin. It is Latinized 
pndoriB causa. 

** " Ad sscmm ignenit" Lat 



PI'S cyjmla fape pneoc )>one man nub ■ffk'ce hiepiun ' 
bpt^ be by)r yny fapep baL 

PiQ blobpfne oy nofom abpy; ;ate blob -j jnib to 
bufCe bo on ^ nsBr(»J|»l' hjt pi6fcanbe)>. 

PI'S eajena bietan ^ fnce • mpe jare cjp oj^p- 
jefeceb nub ]» ea^bjirapaj* bim by]) bjuebboe bot. 

PiB heafob eoe nipe gate ojpe Jitapto jeppijwn bjr 

PiS foc able jate cyj-e mpe onjelejb f jip je- 

pi6 neebjiati j-lite f cei^ * jate hojm on )>p^ " 
|-cence&r •" -j ^ape ylcan jaBe meolc piB pine jemenc- 
jebe' on J>pj' Pj*r *>pinoe • fyllice hyr' f accop 

Pi6 innoiSe]' jdepfan jare bopn jefoeapen" -j yrH 
hunije jemencjeb" -j jejmben" -j eefiCep ]>am je])ijeb 
Jiffljie'* pambe plepj'an be |»p|?pyceS." 

Pifi bpeope" -j piS toplojen lie jenim ]> psetep pe 
innan g*^ Ml** ^ ^^ hpilum" nt jeor^ meoje" 
)>ODe peeran pi8" hunije •j yetlve -j j-ymle on npeone 
bij" he^wb** -j hi]* lie mib fj J>pea" -j jmbe.** 

PI'S innoiSei- het^nyfle" ppa bprec ppa he ece" 
menje*' piS )>oiie pjecan • •) ^m ^loan bpince pi6 )nr 
innoSej* heajtbn jfj-e " f peo jetojene pamb f j al^peb*" 
ppa be mS bjunoeS fpa h^ pip^p dea}^ 

pi's )>one pffiican bo him eao bpmoe** jace blob pel f 
h^ne htele]). 

■ Ujiu, B. ' nor, B. * hmiU, B. • te$T, B. ' IfuK, B. 

' rnMkMr, & ' ^nwDS-. B. ' tptSi B. ' hye, B. omitt. 

>*cqr<*wV, & "ser^ifmi A "-bmuSi B. "s>c)wb«a,'V. 

" Hpe, B. » tpicoctl, B. ■* Baad h|ic«fle. ■' hpOon, B. 

"mMtsc,B. ••mib.B. " h&pib, & ■■>t6^B. *>EBa>e,B. 

"-BCTTT, B. " CM U omitted in T. "nansc, B. **-ti>n«>B. 

" on1^r*t>- B. ■ bjiuieui, B. 


OP SEXTUS PLAcarua. 353 

3. For sore of chumels ,■ smoke the mon with goate 
hairs ; rathely he will be hole of that sora 

4f. For blood runiiiiig from the nose, dry goats blood 
and Tab it down to dost ; apply that to the nostril ; 
it withstandeth. 

5. For heat and pricking of eyes, new goats cheese 
sot upon the eyes with the eyelids ; qaickly will be 
amends for him, the man. 

6. For head a«he, a new goats cheese thereto bound ; 
it healeth. 

7. For foot di3ea8e,*> a new goats cheese laid on re- 
lieveth the sore. 

PairUing of a ena&e. 

8. For bite of snake, shave off shavings of a goats 
horn into three cups, and let the man drink at three 
times milk of the same goat mingled with wine ; 
rarely doth it scatter the venom. 

9. For flux of inwards, a goats horn shaven and 
mingled with honey, and rubbed fine, and after that 
swallowed, suppresses the flux of the wamb. 

10. For leprosy,*^ and for a beaten body, take "the 
water which is inside a goat, and which it at whiles 
outpoareth ; mingle the wet with honey and salt, and 
always at even wash, and rub the mans head and his 
body with thai 

11. For hardness of the inwards,'^ whatsoever he 
eateth let him mingle with the wet, and let him 
drink the same for hardness of the inwards, that the 
tightened wamb may be relieved; occordbig as he 
more diinketh, so it further cleanseth. 

12. Against the evil humour, have him drink goats 
blood ; that will well heal him. 

> " Inguiuam," Latiu, 
' " Ad pedum dolorem," Latin. 
- " Ad peduclosoB," Latin. 
' " Uentrem Btrictum," Lat. 



Oif mno'S )>inS6 mm jare blob mib lii|ie fmeojipe •' 
■^ bejiene jpjt»" jemenj' *j on pambe utau jepjiiB 
punboplioe hjB bffll)?.* 

Jh-S seloej" cyimef nie&bjian bice jace jTneojio' ^ 
h^jie roph 'i peax mylc • -j jemens^ coj-oume jiyjic ypa 
hir man jehal popfpeljan mee^e onpo 1*6 )« him ieajtip 
Xf ^ne bi*!! he jcjueleb. 

pe' man f« ]>e him feo ptetep abl jeeen fmeojio" 
jejijh to poplum j^pelje -j bpmce* mib cealb pteceji *j 
fomob rpeije ^ bpinoe" aptep" Jwm jare blob hjm 
byj> hp«eb bot. 

"bpmce eye buccaa micjan ^ ece mipbej* eap • -j 
jXBlpypta mopMi feloft! yr j-e micja" ^ he j-J opcofc 
mib pebeb. 

pi6 eapemi pape jace micjan bo od ^ eape ^ j^p 
jeliSijaiS jif Jweji'* pyprnp inne bi6 hyt f Gt apyppB. 

PiB cypulu jate ropb menje" pi8 bumje finype'* 
mib j-ona biB fel, 

pi8 ]woh ppteoe jace ropb cneb ppyj'e f hjc j-jr 
fpjlee j^aJf • -j pm^e " mib ]» J»eoh pona by beirfi 

PI'S IiJ>a j-ape mm jate copb menj'^ piB pceappmn 
eoebe -j fmype" rnib* pel hyr htele]) • 'j fiueoce" mib 
hffi)>e "j f ^Ice on pme bpmoe. 

piiS oancpe jate TOpb jemenjeb** pi6 humje -j on 
)» punbe jebou" hpa]>e b^ bsele)>, 

JTi* j-pjlap jare copb jmajpe** mib )» rpJ%" ^'j^ 

' ftneppc, B. 







* Dneiio, B. 


Be, B. The t> 


V. iB a rubric 


" itaepo. 


'B. on 

tiU fhimbjiiiKM 


ftjiince. "■■Jjr.B. , " 

V. omit 

a D. " miss», B. » Hp, 


» tamnse, B. 

■' ftnjpa, 

, B. 

" mypa, 





» ftnoca, B. 

"-numS-, B. 



» Itoypa, B. 



13. If the inwards puff up, take goats blood with 
grease' of the same, and miugle barley groats, and 
bind thia outside on the wamb ; wonderfully it healeth. 

li. For bite of any sorb of serpent, melt goats 
grease, and her turd'' and wax, and micgle together; 
work it up, so that t, man may swallow it hole ; let 
him, who hatii need thereof, lay hold " thereon ; then 
shall he be healed. 

Iff. I«t the man on whom may be wat«r addle or 
dropsy, swallow goats grease aqneesed to pills, and let 
him driuk therewith cold water, and let him at the 
same time swallow, and after that drink goats blood ;^ 
he will soon have amends. 

16, Again, let him drink bucks mie, and eat oards 
car, or epike nard, and more or root of waJI wort ; 
best ia the mie, that he be very oiten fed therewith.* 

17, For sore of ears, apply goats mie to the ear ; it 
relieveth the sore ; if ratten be therein, it casteth that 

18, Against chumehi, mingle a goats turd with 
honey; smear therewith; soon it will be better. 

19, For thigh pains, knead thoroughly a goats turd, 
so that it 1)6 as it were salve, and smear the thighs 
therewith; soon they be hole. 

20, For sore of joints, take goats turd, mingle with 
sharp acid, and smear therewith, it healeth well ; and 
smoke with heath, and drink the same in wine. 

21, For cancer, a goats turd mingled with honey, 
and applied to the wound; qiiickly it healeth. 

22, Against swellings, a goats turd ; smear there- 

* " Cum reeina et polline," Lat. 
*■ " Sandaraca," ioA, 

•^ " Accipiat," Lat, 
^ " Lottmn," Latin, 

* " Melius est lotium el idem (ebulam) pasti faerint," Lat. 

z 2 



hy cohpij:^ • ^ ^ehfele)) •' 'j jet*)? f hy' ejr ne 

Pi6 pna jetoje jaee topb men;' pitS eoebe -j 
pnyjie* mib ^ j-Sji hyC beel)>. 

PiB j-ppujom' jare topfa menj" piS hunije pnype' 
•j oa jeleje eac ^ fpjimjaf )>e bec^ on manner 
inQo6e luienneb* h^ tohpiFe)>. 

Oare jeallan on pine jebjtuQcen pipa halan' bim 
ojaltK^ "j hi'° ;ehtelej>. 

[viL] Medidna [tie] ariete. [MS. O.] 

Pi)j peapjiaj- *j pi5 yy^hf blacu pamiuer pal" on 
psetejie jebypeb -j se|Xep Jam on ele • -j i'yj»]»an'* 
aleb" on Jja i^jian jtope - f j»ji heo on pej" af^pjie}* 
■J ZYf ^y^ '"^ '*'^*' jepeceh Jia rofbcenan panba heo 

pa peappaf "j 8a I'pylaj* )% beo6 on manne]' hanbum 
(^^ on o)7pum Iimnm oiiiSe ymb )K>ne utjanj pnjpe" 
mib ]>am ptecan ]>e bpype op" healf j'obenpe '^ pammei' 
lunjenne'* hpajw heo h;y"' onpej** aj:yppe6. 

PiiS panb)-ppm3um 'j" anplacan pammej- lunjen 
jTnel" CO GOpjjen y Co fam j-ape jeleb** pna hyc 

Pi6 j-cuppum pamme)- j-meopu*' -j men;** 6e^co** 
j-ot*' -j i^alc -j ranb -j hjc puUa on pej ■ -j tepep 
pnype*" h^t byj) epc bBpe, 

' seluUe^i B. ' hij, B. ' nurasc, B. ' nn7P>< B. 

* l^jiiD^)-, B. * nuBasc, B. ' r'^H"' ^ ' ocvnneb, B. 

■ I wonld read hunltm. '• his, B. " pull, B. " p««, B, 

" »l£t>, B. " apes, B., the prepoiition co«le«cing. " Hnyp*, B. 

" 07 h., V. omits. " fObtnui, B. ■■ HJusenr, B. " his, Bl 

*> apes. B. " Read on ? or add a word 7 " patel, B. 

" $r\eb, B. " pmepo, B. " meanse, B. " >«p, B, 
" j^, B. " nnypo, B. 



with the ewellinga ; it driveth them away, and healeth 
them, and bringeth about that they arise not again. 

23. For tu^^g of BinewB, or 8fpa8m, mingle a goats 
tuid with vin^iar, and smear therewith ; it healeth 
the sore. 

241. Against carbandes, mingle a goata turd with 
honey; smear, and lay on. It also driveth away the 
ulcers which be on a mans inwards, 

25. Goats gaU, drunken in wine, removes womens 
afterbirth for them, and healeth them. 

VII. PaiTitvng of a rara. 

1. Against ulcerations of the skin, and against 
swellings, black rams wool dipped in water, and after 
that in oil, and then laid on the sore place,'* removes 
away the sore, and if Hhe eore is reeked, or Jumigaied, 
therewith, it contracts lacerated wounds. 

2. t> Against ulcerations of the skin, and the swellings 
which be on a mans hands, or on other limbs, or 
about the anu8,° smear with the wet which droppeth 
from a half sodden lung of a ram ; quickly it removes 
them away. 

3. For ulcerous wounds on the face,'' a rams lung 
carven up small and laid to the sore, soon healeth it. 

i. For scurfe; rams grease; and mingle « therewith 
soot, and salt and sand, and wipe it away with wool, 
and afterwards smear; it will be afler this smoother. 

■ " Ad loconun dolorem," Lat. ; a euphemism ; and " pro- 
lapea aulnera," properly " prolapeam uiiluam," as in ed. 1539. 

I* " Ad glauGuIos et canculoe," Lat., also " cUhcuIob," which, 
as appears in the same MS., fol. 63, is calculoB. 
■= " Aut in noretro," Lat., see Quadr., v. 10. 
'* " Ad linores et Bugillationes," Lat. 

■ " Admixta sondaroca," Lat. 



[Vin.] Medicina de apro. [MS. O.] 
PiS tele j-ap bajie]- bpfejen jej-oben. -j Co bjience 

jepopht' on pine ealle ]*&)! hyc jebCeja]*. 

JJi6 hEeptrena' j-ape -j ceopj^j- bape)- bpeejen meuj' 

pi6 bunij *j ppiiS on punbo]ilice liyc hselej*. 

Pi6 luebbpao* bite bapej- bpse^ea 'jecoben •] je- 
menojeb" piS bum; pnnboplice hfc jebssle]*. 

GfC piB )-apuiu 'i jepunbebum* potam bapej- lunjcn 
jebeacen j-pi6e pnale *] piB buaij ^menjeb' -j TO 
I'salpe^ jebon bpa]>e heo ^ j^p jeheelefi. 

piS inQoCei' ideppaa mpe" bape|- bfpe pypc Co 
bpence'" on pine -j ])onne bpince" j-ona htm b)6 j-eL 

"Opaj* on pej Co abonne" mm bapej* bfpe • ^ 
jpecpe apulbpejiinbe pyl coionme on pine jemeujeb •'* 
■j bpmoe hpaSe h^'^ fleoB on pej ppam hiiu, 

Gij: eajian pyn innan j-ape ■j ]>£ep'" pjpmi-" j-y onbS 
)« Jlcan peaJpe beo yj- rpyjw 50b co )wm. 

pepe)' pylla co jeppemmanne nime bapej- jeallan *] 
)-m^pe^^ mib ^one Ceop)- >j )>a b«)p]>an'^ ]K>nne bafa& 
he myoebie luj%. 

Pj6 fjlle feocum men bapej- joeallan*' pjpc to 
bpence" on pme 0666 on psetepe • ]-e bpenc *■ byne 

PiB apipfian" -j plsetcan -j hnappunse jeuim bapej- 
jeljnbe -j j^oB on ])pim jejTpum" ptecepef oj" f ye 

' Epopli, V. • hjjiifcw, B, ' BMenso, B. ' nieMiT>«u, B, 

plonL *.*MMis-, B. •-bobfl, B. '-mwns-, B. 

' realce, T. * nife, O. '• bjimee, B. " bt>>Be«. B, 

" O, the nibricator of V. omitted. " ibciniie, B., with a ioMrtcd. 
>< -mtens-, B. '* his, B. " Imp, B. " j>opmr, B. " fhiypa, R 

■■ hyp^San, B. ■ Tcallaa, B. " bpjnce, B. " bpen, V.; 
bjijiic, B. " tpifUi, 0. " n*j"r> ^ 



VIII. Brawvng of a boar. 

1. For every sore, a boars bmia sodden and wrought 
to a drink in wine alleviateth all the sore. 

2. For sore of the coillons and of the yard,' mingle 
a boars brain with honey, and bind it on ; wonderfully 

' it he&leth. 

Drawing of a miake. 

3. For bite of snake, a boars brain sodden and 
mingled with honey, wonderfiilly healeth. 

4. Again, for sore and wounded feet, a boars lung 
beaten very small, and mingled with honey, and 
reduced to a salve ; quickly this ealvi healeth the sore. 

5. For flux of inwards, work to a drink in wine a 
new liver of boar, and then let the man drink ; it will 
soon be well with him. 

6. To do away the seams of woundB,!* take a boara 
liver, and some sweet apple-tree rind;° boil them 
together in wine, when mingled, and let ike man 
drink ; quickly they flee away from him. 

7- If ears are within sore, and matter be there, 
apply the same salve; it is very good for that. 

8. d Ut viri voluptas per£ciatur, aume apti fel, quo 
unge penem et testiculoB ; ita ingentem libidinem 

9. For a man who has the falling sickness, work to 
a drink a boars coillons in wine or in water; the 
drink will heal him. 

10. Against spewing and nausea, and napping, take 
boars suet, and seethe in three sextariuses" of water 

• " Ad ueretri dolorem," Lat. ; misunderstood in vii. 2., 
v. 10. 

•■ « Flegmata," Lat. 

r " Mali punici," Lat. 

<> This article ia not found lu tlio Latin ; it !» hero latinized 
(juo minua enibeacainus. 

" "Emiuis," Lat., that is, hcmlniB. 



^jiibta' bsel j-J bepeallen bo Jraepco* bajiej- fam' 
'j b|)mce he byj» hal ■ "j he sylf punbpaft -j peneC f 
hyc fj o)'ep Itecebom f he bjianc. * 

Pi6 prebe • "j pi6 bUebbjian j-ajie jenmL ecq^pep 
blEebjian mib ^axa micjan abefe upp • ^ abib o}) ^ p 
piBca op a)doj6n* f J ]-eo8 pyBiSan -j pyle eraa fata }ie 
eapj:oJ>o |>popie* punboplice hic jehHeleJi. 

pam }>e unbep hy' mija^ bajiep blffibpe jebjuebeb' 
■j jej-ealb Co ecanae ]» tmhsele" heo jehselji. 

Pi6 homimi^ ba^iej- jceajui"' ■j jpepel jejmben on 
pine -j jelome bpince ]», homan h;?r bete^." 

rs. Medi[ci]na [de] lupo. [0.] 

p)]> beopulpeocnyjje '* -j piC yfelpe jejihiSe pulfej-" 

flojyc pel jecapob •'* -j jejoben ]yle etan Bam J» fwaiip 

jy ■ |>a j-cinlac J>e him isp lecypbon ne jetmjxiUaQ 

hy" hine. 

To j-hepe'* pulfej' heapob \ejfi unbeji jwne pyle pe 
unhala pUepe^.'^ 

Qip ])u jepyxt" pulfe|- ppoji sep" Jwmie ixyne - ne 
5e|ce)>J)e8*' he Jie jip Bu hapajx" inib ]>e pulpef hpyc^ 
hiep** -j CBD5I hsep J>a ycemffiptan on pSpsere buran 
pyjihcu Jiu Cone ]-i6 jeppemefr fie j-e pulp rop5a'S ymbe 
hij*« j-iB. 

' t (.nnban, 0. 


,B. ■jin.B. 

' arlopCT, B. 

• -pije, R 

' biB, B. ' -bpitti-, B. 

* -le«, B. 





" -ncn*. B. 


' ruifrf, 0., 

, and BO OIL 

iiE«a|'a&, B. 


1. " rWpe, B. 


hand in V 

'. hu intcr- 

linMt huDbcf, but 

I'ulfcr '" required, (ind n> 




'■ B^riiiF. B. 

" *I', 

B. » rc«SSeS, B. 


^■= htfp, B. 


but V. omiiii. 



till that ihe third port ib boiled away ; add thereto 
boors foam, and let ihe man drink; he will be hole. 
'And he himself will wonder, and will ween that it bo 
aome other leechdom that he drank. 

11. For straDgury and sore of bladder, take a boars 
bladder with the mie, heave it up, and abide until 
that the wet is flown off; afterwards seethe it, and 
give it to eat to him who suffers the trouble ; wonder- 
fully It healeth. 

12. For them who mie imder them, and camiot 
retain, a boars bladder roasted and given to be eaten, 
healetb the misease. 

13. For erysipelatous inflammations,' let the man 
drink frequently a boars sham and sulphur nibbed down 
into wine; it amendeth the erysipelatous eruptions. 

IX. Painting of a vxAf. 

1. For devil sickness and for an ill sight,'' give to 
eat a wolfe flesh, well dressed <= and sodden, to liim who 
is in need of it ; the apparitions which ere appeared 
to him, shall not disquiet him. 

2. For sleep, lay a wolfs head under the pillow; the 
unhealthy shall sleep. 

3. If thou seest a woIfe spoor ere than thou seest 
bim, he will not scathe thee, if thou hast with thee 
a wolls ridge {}ia(^ hiur, and tail hair, the extremest 
part thereof; on thy journey ; without fright thou 
shalt perform the jotimey, and the wolf shall sorrow 
about his journey. 

■"Ad coxio)4," Lat., havinff tdatica, from Coxa, hip. 
"Cozofl, clandua," (Du Cange). "Coxendica,?* Ed. Sexti, 

•> « UmbrosoB," alEO, " a demouibus nel nmbris quw per 
fantasmata apparent," Lat. 

c « Conditam," Lat., leatoned. 



6a|p{i»c oa pe; co bonne jenim pulfej- )7y)>iie 

pana^ ^ )-a|t ;^ li;^ jelomlice ]>ffi]»nib* ;e|-Da^peb 

pi$ miltppsece cpicej- himbe)- milce abpeb op pypc to 
bjienoe* on pine j-^le bjunctui hye ittelep.* 8ume mmalS 
hpelper iKjlpe" ^ ppii5a}f on. 

Pi8 pijwppeapb hrep onpej to abonne pp ))u nimej-t 
pulpe]- meaph -j I'mypepC^ mib hpatSe 6a jTope )« Jw 
hop beoB op apullub' ne je)>apa8 )-eo fmypun; f hf 
ept: peien. 

6e pipman ye )w^ heebbe beab beapn on mnotie • pp 
he' bpinceC pylpene meolc mib pine -j hunije je- 
inenjeb'" jelice epne jona hyc bseltS. 

Biccean" meolo jip 6u jelomo cilba to(S peonmn'* 
mib pnypeft ■" ■j lethpinejT bucan'* jape by pexaS."' 

Peappaj- •] peaptan on pej Co bonne mm pulle -j pajr 
mib biccean hlonbe ppiiS on pa peaptan ^ on l^a peappaj- 
hpa)>e hi beo'S apeje. 

pam mannum Je majou hpon" jelijjian hunbej-" 
^eljnbe ^ pepmobej- peap mib ealbum ele jemylr bp)-p 
on f eape" hyt ])a beajran 5ebetej). 

piB pebe)-'* hunbej- phte mm JMi pypmaj- ]>c beo8 
unbep pebe hunbe)- tunjan pii^ on pe; ymh lieb uran 
pc cpeop j"yle J»am J>e tojliten jj he bi6 jona hal. 

'"PiS pepope mm bliecej- hunbej- beabej- ]»one ppyjipan 
poten j-ceancan*' hoh" on eapm he toi-ceaceS** pone 

' (Mns, a 'Hp,B. • bptnce, B. ' hditH, B. 

' inilcc, B., for inylji. • tatyptjv, B. ' -lob, B. ' ttac, 0., qui. 

' fa«o, O. " -nuBDS-', B. " Biccan, B. "bpComao, B. 

" -jittft, B. ' ' -ton, B. " pcasat, B. " hp6i), B. 

" huDbcri D. " L-ajie, B. '■ pebe, B. ■ ^. In B, ii omitted. 

" j-ocrcancan, B. " li6h, B. " psacaf, B. 



4. To remove away eye paiD,' take a wolfs right 
eye, and prick it to piaces, and bind it to the auffering 
eye; it maketh Uie aore to wane, if it frequently 
be smeared therewith. 

6. For milt pain, snatch away the milt of a living 
hound, work it to a drink in wine, administer ft to 
he dmnk ; it healeth. Some take a whelps intestines >> 
and bind them on. 

6. For contrariouB hairs, to do away with them, if 
tliou takest a wolfs marrow ° and smearest therewith 
suddenly the places from which the hairs have been 
pulled, the smearing alloweth not that they again 

7. The woman who may have a dead bairn in her 
inwards, if she drinketb wol6 milk mingled with wise 
and honey in like quantities, soon it healetb. 

8. If thou frequently smearest and touchest cliil- 
drens gums with bitches milk, the teeth wax without 

9. To do away callosities and warts, take wool and 
wet it with bitches stale, bind it on the warts and on 
the callosities; quickly they be away. 

10. For the men who hear but little, melt with old 
oil, hounds suet and juice of wormwood ; drop it into 
the ear, it amendeth the deaf. 

11. For tear of mad hound, take the worms which 
be under a mad hounds tongue, snip them away, lead 
them round about a fig tree, give them to him who 
hath been rent ; he will be soon hole. 

ia.<i For a fever, take the right foot shank of a 
black dead hound, hang it on the arm ; it shaketh 
off the fever. 

• " Ad glaucomata," Lat 
b <( lacisum flsenmque catulum," Lat. 

< " LoccBDicuB," Lat. "Lacca, tura, tibia," Du Cangc. 
Lucanicam hardly. 
<■ Arts. 12 to 18 are not in the Latiii. 



papna 6e ^ Su ue mi{e ]>«ep' )'e bunt} jemah ]'ume 
mcB j^cja'S ^ J'sep' OQcyp]ie masnej' lichaina ^ be ne 
meeje )>onne be cyme]> to hij- pijre bype mtb jejiefCau. 

8cmj«ocuin men pype bpene* op bpitep* buube]- 
jjopte on bitepe leje punbofjice hfc beeleS^ 

]5nite -j pypmaj- on pej to bonne 6e on cilbutn beo5- 
btejin hunbep ^j^ -j jnib pmale menjc* pi6 Iiunije ■ 
•j pmype' mib • i-eo pelp* abej) 6a pypmap on pej* 
mm eac f speej- ]'se|i' banS jebpire^ cnuca ppiC on 
bpa8e' byr hielft.* 

pi6 psetep able mm bpijne bnnbej- (>o|T pj)ic Co 
bpenoe'" he liseleS pcecep j«oce. 

bpeopj on" pej to bonne bpicef bunbef )>opr jecua- 
cabne" ro bujte "j semenjeb" pilS meolope" -j to acle 
abacen pyle ecan )>am untjinman men eep |>eepe'' nbe 
liyj- rocjmep j'pa'" on bsBje ppa on nibte ppse^ji" hyc 
j-y bi]- cojaa bi? ^Se^e fcpan; . -j eeprep ^m be 
lyrU^ -j on pej 5epice]>. 

pi's psetep able Imnbej' ppipjian leje -j ypvB on Jam 
innoiSe ])upb Jwne ucjanj seo psecep abl ur'* aflopeS. 

X. Mediciiui de leone. 

£)a J>e pcmlac J>popien ecan leonpUepc ne ]>popiaS 
by'' opep ^ ajmj )-cuilac. 

Jh-5 eapena j-ape mm leon jelynbe** mjlc on j-cjlle 
bpype" on f eape pona him by^ pel. 

' tap, B., twice. ' bpyuo, B. ' hp{i:ert E. 

• Mypt, B, • psalr, B. ' Jiaji, B. 

• bBleS, B. " bpince, B. " bjieojih 6n, B. 

" seninDS«t>, B.i se™™S™. V. " mtlope, B. 

tajie, B. " PIT*, V. " rpa hf>ep, B, '■ (ic, B. 

" sdjnbe, B. " bp^, B. 


OF SEXTOS FLAcrma 365 

13. Bevare tbee that thou mie not where the hound ah. i 
mied ; some men say that there a mans hody chitngeth 

ao that he may not, when he cometh to hia wife, hed 
along with her. 

14. For a man haunted by apparitions, work a, drink 
of a white bounds thost, or dung, in bitter ley ; won- 
derfully it healetb. 

15. To do away with nits and insects which be on 
children, bom a hounds thost and rub it small, mingle 
it with honey and smear therewith; the salve doth 
away with the worma Also, take tlie grass where a 
hound droppeth his dirt, pound it, bind on ; quickly 
it healeth. 

16. For water addle, or dropsy, take dry hounds 
thost, work it to a drink; it healeth the watersick. 

17. To do away a dwarf,* give to the troubled man 
to eat thost of a white hound pounded to dust and 
mingled with meal and baked to a cake, ere the hour 
of tbe dwarfs arrival, whether by day or by night it 
be ; his access is terribly strong, and after that it 
diminishetb and departeth away, 

IS. Against water addle, or dropsy, lay a hounds 
vomit upon and hind it upon the inwards ; the water 
addle floweth away through the outgang, or anal 

X. Dtuwing of a lion. 

1. Let those who suffer apparitions eat lion flesh ; 
they will not after that suffer any apparition. 

2. For sore of ears, take lions suet, melt it in a 
dish, drop it into the ear ; it will aoon be well with it. 

* These are the dwarves of the old mythology of the 
Gothic races. The disease meant is convuUioDS. 



Pi6 selcum j-ape jemjlceb leon' jeljnbc • -j JJSBjinul)' 
jepnypeb' »le j"ap hjc jelifiijaC* 

pi& pna ^ piiS cneopa lea6a fajtum mm leon 
jelynbe • -j heojirej- uieapj * mylt -j jemen^ " cofouine 
pnyjie' mit> f j^ji Ctei" lichomaD* fona hjt byj> 

XI. MedidiTia de tatt/ro. 

PiB neebbpena eapbunje ■j ajrlj-jenn^j^e ■ peappef 
hopu jebsepDebne tro acfan j-tpeb ])fep nsebpan eapbien 
hy f leo6 onpej. 

pomina]' Of anbplaCao Co bonne pm^e mib j* eappej* 
blode ealle jiapommap hyc op jeuimejr. 

Feappej- jeallan prS eajena fXI^'^ 'J S^Q^P^ men; 
pi5 felb beooa hunij bo on ]>a eajan ponboplice hyc 

pambe to ajtypijenne mm peappej* jeallan pomna 
on pulle ppiS iinbep f feci neoSan fona he ]» pambe 
onlyfe}?* bo ^ ylce cilbum opep %ne napolaii he peop- 
pe); uc )?a pypma)". 

Pi8 eapena pape peappep ^eallan menj pi6 hnmje 
■j bpype on ^ eapan pona him by]? peL 

Pi% cypnlu ^e beo)' on mannep anbplatac pmype 
mib peappep jeallan pona he by{> dsene. 

piiS apau bice o86e mannep pmjpe nub peappep 
jeiillan pona heo" biB haL 

yxS selce heapbnylTe peappep pmepu mylc pi$ Cyp}>an 

' I60D, B. ' Jtp, B. ' -pab, B. ' -I 

• mrajih, B. • -mEnc, B. ' nnyjia, B. ' -ha 

> A fblio iD B. in>8 here cut oat before the time when Jnnins m 

tiaaKript. " Ute thoold be mBsonlme, 


OF SEXTiTS PLAcrrua. 367 

S. For any sore, melted lion enet, and smeared there- 
with ; it relieveth every sore.* 

4. For sores of sinews and of knee joints, take lion 
Huet and harts marrow, melt them and mingle to- 
gether ; smear therewith ; the sore of the body will 
soon be well. 

SI. Drawi/ng of a bull 
1. Against the dwelling by one of snakes, and for 
their removal ; scatter a bulla horn burnt to ashes 
where the snakes dwell, they will flee away. 

5. To remove ugly marks from the &ce, smear with 
bulb) blood ; it taketh away all the marks, 

3. Mingle with field bees honey^ a bulls gall, against 
obscurity and darkness of the eyes, put it upon the 
eyes ; wonderfully it healetii, 

i. To stir a wamb, take a bulls gall, collect it on 
wool, bind it under the seat, or rv/mp, below it ; soon 
it relazeth the wamb ; do that ilk to children over the 
navel, it will cast out the worms. 

5. For sore of ears, mingle a bulls gall with honey, 
and drip it on the ears ; soon it will be well with 

6. For chumels ' which are upon a mans &ce, emear 
them with balls gell; soon be will be clean. 

Painting of cm ape. 

7. For bite of ape or of man, smear with bulls 
gall ; soon it will be bole. 

8. For every hardness, melt bulls greaae with tar,** 

■ This sentence is ill worded in the Saxon text, " Adepa 
leonia remissiiH etatim inunctus omnem dolorem sedat," 
Lat., ed. 1539. I do not know that ]tEejimib can mean staHm. 

•" " Melle attico," read as " attacorum." 

= " Lentiginea," Lat 

<■ " Besina," Lat. 



■j leje on • ealle )» j^p -j f hei^ibe hjt jeliXijaS 'j 

yip fojicojonyffe ):ea{i)ie[)'] nie^; on jehsetcnm 
pine bpince f bece{), 

pi* ffilcum j-a]ie bjiince peappej- jop on hatum 
psetejie j-ona hjr li(el}>. 

PI'S bjiyce j^s^jief jop peajim leje on )»ne l^yoe 
rJJ>J>an hun biS yel 

Pi-S pffit8)te|- buyne o^Se pypej- bsepn peappef- 50P -j 
I'ceab )>Ge)i on. 

Gyp [lu jjylle bon beojihtne anbplican mm fej^ipej- 
j-cyrel cnuca -j bjiyc -j jnib fp'Se j-male on eoeb jTaype 
mib ^ne anbplaCan ISonne bytS he beophc 

Pip semonan co bonne mm bpije peapjiej- j-ceallan 
pjpc to faajte o^Be elcop jnib on pin •) bpmoe jelome 
he biS yf jeappa to pipjunjum. 

XII. Medieina de eUphanto. 

PiS ^ehpylce pommaf op hchoman on pe; Co mmenne 
jenim yipen ban mib hunije jecnucub •] to jeleb • 
pnnbojilice hyt )?a pommaj-' ofjemmeU 

€).-r pi6 pommaf oy anbplatan to bonne 2^ pipman 
mib ))nm j-ylfran bujTe • bEejhpamlice hype anbplacan 
j-mype5 heo ]« pommaj- ajreopma)). 

sin. Medieina de ca/ne. 

Pi8 ealle pap jyf Jni on popepetqibon pimepa Jnjej-e 
hpylcne hpelpan ]Kinne ^jt anjepeonbne' ne onjirerr 


OF SBXTCS PLAcmrs. 369 

ftnd lay on ; it vill make lithe and nesh all the sores 
and the hard fieah. 

d. For bad spasm,' let one drink in -wine a bolls 
marrow in heated vine; that amraideth. 

10. For every aore, let (me drink bolls dung in hot 
vater ; soon it healeth. 

11. For a breach, or fradwre^ lay boHs dung warm 
on tiie breach ; afterwards it will be wdl with him (like 

12. For waters burning or fires, bum boUa dung 
and shed thereon. 

13. If tbon will nuke a &ce bright, take bulls sham, 
pound and break up, and rub it -very small in vinegar, 
smear therewith 'the fece ; then will it be bright. 

ii." Ad concobitum perficiendom ; testiculoe tauri 
Btccatos in pulverem red^ : aut etiam alterutrum ; in 
vino comminutos crebris ille hanstibus ebibat, qui hoc 
philtro indiget ; ita promptior ad venerem erit atque 

XII. Pavn^mg of a aomewkat fantasHc elephant. 

1. For any ill spot, to take it from the body, take 
elephant bone, or ivory, poonded with honey and ap- 
plied ; wonderfully it. removes the disfigoring marks. 

2. Again, for blemishes, to remove them from the 
iaoe, if a woman with the same dust daUy, smeareth 
her face, she will pui^ away the spots. 

xui. PmniiTig of a dog. 
1. For all sons, if thou in the early part of summer 
takest for food any whelp, being tiien still blind, thou 
shalt not be sensible of any sore. 

■ " Ad tonnmosos," Lat. 

*> " Ad alopiciae," Lat., baldnes*. 

' This article ia not in the Latio. Caput velaroos. 



pi6 foptojenyffe bjuiioe hnnbef blob h^ luele]> • 

Jh^ S^jpel Jtejia jec^lima hmtbef heapobpanne 
-jecniicab *] Co jelB^b jnmbojilice beo biele^. 

JhC cyuelice able pebe hnnbef tieapb jecnncnb ^ 
mib pine jemenjeb Bo bjience hyt tuele]), 

PI'S oancop punb buD^f beafob to acxan jebiQjmeb 
■j on jejtijiebeb tit J'a cancoji punba jetuele];. 

pi{S fcajifenbtiin' uteslam 2Bbffi{uieb hui^f beafob 
■] feo OCXS JxepSn jebSn ]>a unjejiipiu byt on pej 

pi^S pebe banbef yliee bonbe]' heapob g^beejineb to 
acxan ^ ]^p. on jebon eall j9 anroji ■] }>a pulnyjje bjt 
at ap^jipeS -j ya. pebenban biCaj- jehtele];, 

Gpc pebe buBbej* beapob -j bij- bfeji jepoben ^ 
jej^b CO etaune )>am )>e Cofbteu bi'S pouboplioe h^t 
hyne seheele)>. 

To jebpyictun bpyce biinbe]- bpsjen aleb on polle 
•J f tobpocene to jepjujwn peopepCyne ba^Sf jMHine 
bj]> hjc fsejTe jebatob -j ]«ep by'5 )>eapp to jrffijtepe 

PI'S eajpjiaBce -j pcice cobpec bunbep beapob • jip 
f JTjJ'pe eaje ace • mm ^i JT^f JT* ®*5* * J'F i* pmpcpe 
eaje ace . mm f pjnjirpa ^ ppi'B utan 5n hjc bflBle|t 

Pi8 co)> ppeeoe btinbep cuxaf bsepn to acxan luet 
feenc pnlne pinef bo ji bujT on "j bpmoe y bo rpa 
jelome )» te]> beoS bale. 

' Pits co]> peomena jefpelle' honber cox gebi^eb 


OF sixrns PLAOiTua 871 

2. For griping,* let the sick drink hoondB blood ; it 
healeth wonderfiilly. 

3. For swelliug of the natoraliA, a hounds bead pan, 
or ahuJl, pounded and implied, wondrously healeth. 

4. For the kingly diaease, jaimdice, the head of a 
mad dog pounded and mingled for a drink with wine, 

5. For cancer, the head of a mad dog burnt to 
aehea and spread on, healeth the cancer wounds. 

6. For scurfy nailB,i> a bnmt hoouda head, and the 
ash thereon pot; that a/pfUca^ion removes away the 

7- For a laceration by a mad dog, a hounds head 
bnmt to ashes and thereon applied, casteth out all the 
renom and the foulness, and bealetii the maddening 

8. Again, a mad dogs bead and his liver sodden and 
^ven to be eaten to him who has been torn, wonder- 
fully healeth him. 

9. For any fracture, a hounds brain laid upon wool 
and bound upon the broken place for fourteen days; 
then will it be firmly amended, and there ahall be a 
need for a firmer binding up. 

10. For pain and pricking sensation in the eyes, 
break to pieces a hounds head ; if the right eye acbc^ 
take the right c^e ; if the left eye ache, take the left 
eye, and bind it on externally ; it healeth weU. 

11. For pain of teeth, bum to ashes the tusks or 
C€mvne teeth of a hound, heat a cup full of wine, put 
the dust in, uid let the man drink ; and so do fre- 
quently, the teeth shall be whole, 

12. For swelling of the gums, a hounds task burnt 

> " Ad torminosos," Lat., ed. 1538. 

* Thus " Ad Bcabiem augoiiun ** among receipts MS. Sloane, 
146, foL 48. 




■j pnnle {ejptiiben -j on jebon co^eoinena ffif^ 

J>i8 bunba ]ieSn;^ire ' -j piCepjuebnyjje •' se ^ bajntS 
hnnbef heojitan mit> him ne beofi onjean hme huntx^' 



and rubbed small and applied, extinguishes swellings 
of tootbrooms. 

13. For savageness of bounds and contrariousness ; 
be wbo hatb a hounds heart with him, against him 
shall not hounds be keen. 

End of Medieina de quadrnpedibvs. 



In a difft/ffft^ hamd. 

Dij- \\ 1^0 j^lefte eab]'al]: pi^ ehpsBjice ■ ^ pi^ mipte • 
•j pilS penne • •j pi6 p jjunnm • -j p% sihSnm • -j p6 
Ceopenbtun eapun • "j selcnm ca^om ppile • jenim pefe^i 
pijean • blorCmau • •% bilej- blofCman • ^ %un(qtcl»):juui 
blofTman ■ ■] hamop pypt% blopCmau • 'j Cpejpa cynna 
pepmoti • ^ poUejian ■ ^ neoKepapbe liban • -j heepene 
bile • ^ lupertice • ^ bolhpunan • ^ jepuna -JSa pypCe • 
to fonme - ^ peel to pomne m heoptej- msepije • oiSiSe 
on hip pneopnpe * -j menj ele to bo l^onne teala 
mycet in f^ esjan • -\ pmypa utepapbe 'j pypm to 
pfpe ■ •^ 6eop palf' help piS SBjhpylcum jeppelle to 
|n(^anne • ■j to pmyjiiamie • m ppa bpylcum bme ppa 
bit cm bi6;* 

Sip nifE^ to eabpalfe • jenim jeolupne pttm -j palt 
ptan ■] pipop ■j peh on pseje • -j bpip }>upli da8 ^ bo 
ealpa jebce mioel • ^ bo eal tojtebepe • >j bpip ejrc fmiib 
Imene cla6 • \\\ ip afanban Isececptept. 

Pi6 lunjeo able • Qenim hpite bape bunan • -j ^popo 
^ puban - •] jaUuc • 'j bpype pypt • ■j b;tan pypt • -j 
pube mepce • 'j ^unbe pp^lian • op eeJoepe ^ppe pypte • 
XX • pene^ pibt • -j ;emm tenne pelcep polne ealbaT 
ealc4S* i peoB )» pjptan* oWet pe pefcep ealoiS py 
healp jepoben* ^ bjimc eelce biej pEel\«nbe neap pulne 
calbep- ^ on sepeu peapmep leetlt • bit ip halupenbe 
bote. b a 

' A liter band luu iiutfted c to nub jrAj, BMd belpV. 



1. Tbis is the best eyesalve for eye pun, and for 
mifit, and for pin, and for wonna, and for itchings, and 
for eyes running with teardrops, and for every known 
swelling : take feverfue blossoms, and dills blossoms, and 
thundar clovers" blossoms, and hammer worts** blossoms, 
and wonnwood of two kinds, and pulegium, and the 
netherward part of a lily, and coloured diU,° and lov^e, 
and pelUtoiy, and pound the worts together, and boil 
them together la harts marrow or in his grease, and 
mingle oil besides ; put them a good mickle into the 
eyes, and smear them outwardly, and warm at the 
fire; and this salve helpeth for any swelling, to swal- 
low it and to smear with it, on whatever limb it 
may be. 

2. This is efficacioos for an eyesalve : take yellow 
stone {ochre), and salt stone (rock salt), and pepper, 
and weigh them in a balance, and drive them through 
a cloth, and put of all equally much, and put all 
together, and drive agtan through a linen cloth ; this 
is a tried leechcraft. 

3. Fgc lung disease, take white borebonnd, and hys- 
sop, and me, and galluc,^ and biyBewort, and brown- *E 
wort,« and wood marohe, and groundsel, of each of 
these worts twenty pennyweight, and take a sextarius 
iiill of old ale, and seetite the w<aia till the sester of 
ale is half sodden a/way, and drink every day a cnp 
fall of it cold, and at evening a veiy little of it 
warm, the last thing ; it is a healing remedy. 

■ Aiuga replans. gl. * Parietaria 

" AchiUea tometUoia f 

* TariooB herbs are known by dtie name. 



In a d^ereiU ha/nd of the zn. century 1 
pi's pot able • <j piB pone bjiopan • mm batuluf )», 
pyjiC <^ji nama tnculofa • ^ ly aa upe jejveoba ^ 
jjteata qiauleac • mm Jief leacef Iieafba • ^ bpyj fpiSe 
4j mm Sep of j^jubbaa healaef pemiu^r jephce -j 
pejietjteo • ■) pomaoiToe pmba • -j cymen * 'j peojiCan 
bel laupepbepian • •j ]>epa o'Sepa ;>^ta soloef bealaef 
pemncjef jepihra • "j vj. pipcp copn • unpejen • "j jpinb 
ealle to bufce • ^ bo pin tpa se; fciUe jrulle ]>if if foiS 
liectecp{e}:e fyle )«n men bpiDcan • o)> 6eet he hal fy. 

/» a different hamd. 


Polleio • Aneto • Cent»una • mmore • RuCa - Saluia ■ 
Grana piome • de bia equslirer fume & tribula cum 
mno ant uecen cemifa & da btbere leiimo. 


Feretro • Cinamorao • Sinapif femme ■ Cmnmo aSb - 
Fipero • de bif oquabcer tere & confice cum melle 
despnmato 7 ucenf com opns babueBis. 

AD FLuxuM SangmmS. 
Acope de confirma boc eat confolida • & fiu; isde 
^aflam & da bibere femme patienti fluxum ranguinis • 
js fuiabitnr. 

AD RECIFIENDAH menllruam. 

Warantue' luf cum umo da ei bibere auv de foUif 
fraxiDi ■ Aliter • Accipe fatureiam & bulli cum lacte • 
& da ei bibere. 



4. AgaiDst goat, and againat the wristdrop; -take the 
wort hermodactyloa, by another name titulwa, that is, 
in oar own langoage, the great crow leek ;' take this 
leeks heads and dry tiiem thoroughly, and take thereof 
by weight of two and a half pennies and pyrethrum 
and Boman^ rinds, and cummin, and a fourth part of 
laurel b^-ries (one /(rarth as vnuch), and of the other 
worts, of each by weight of a half penny and edx 
pepper coi-us, imweighed, and grind all to duet, and 
add wine two ^g diells full ; this is a true leechciaft. 
Give it to the man to drink till that he be hole. 

■ AUiM» urtiHum. Leac is maaculine : on tho construction 
with fwc, see St. Marbarote fe Meiden ant Martyr, p. 89. 
" Cinnamon. 



Mim becomoa ^ )iell fpy^ on jnu o)^ on aU) 
eaivS * -j pefo )! heap ob mih Jtun pofe • *] 1^ fi^^Sen 
9 pypQ rpa pe^uQ abatan j9 hei^xib -j j^Q nub daSe • 
•j Itet fpa beon ealla nihc 

Gjx pi6 )rsBt iloe • mm iaiuoa ■ 'i becomca ^ p^mob • 
■J mejic • "j feo^ on pm olSSe on dSqi j*er fpy^ ■ »j 
mm calitocoef -j btejui to afcen • -j nun Jwone ^ pof 
Of ))a pyjiCaT >] ofejijeoC ]>a arcen miba -j mac fpa vo 
lejB ^ psefc ])a beafob Jwepmibe. ^ mm fifStSon ]« 
pyptaT psepma alia pi'Sutan &ums • 'j binb Co )Kmi 
beiqpbe alia niht. 


Nim bojifellenef pota ^ eft jepsesen bajic • ^ bpy 
fp^Se • ^ mac to bufee • ^ bjiip )nipb da^ • ^ mm 
bum; -j feo6 fpylSe • mm fiWen f bnft -j menc; 
Jwepto -J fcjpe rpy& w^sebepa ^ bo on box -j nota 
Jienna neob fij. Gpt piB f ilce • mm peabltalebe 
faapbmia* <] yfopo* 'j ftemp ■] bo on ^nne neopna 
pow • an f1^I"°3 ''F ^ haphuna ^j olSep op yfopo • -j 
Cpibbe op peplc batep • -j ept ))a pypt -j fpa )?a batpa 
pop's ^ k pott beo pull • "j feoS bi; fpySe tojsbpa ^ 
ppinj Ii)%en )7upb da's • -j nota ]7onna \e&jtf fi; • 
peel^nbe calb • -j on nibt on bat ala dStSe bpo^ o<%e 



9. For giddiness. 

Take betony, and boil thoroughly in vine or in old 
ale, and wash the head vith the infiisioD, and then 
lay the wort, so wann, about the head, and wreathe 
with a doth, and so let be all right 

10. Again, for the same: take eavine, and betony, 
and wonnwood, and marche, and seethe in wine or in 
other liquor thoronghly, and take cabbage stalks and 
bum them to ashes, and then take the incision from 
the worte and pour over the ashes with it, and bo 
make it into a ley and wash ibe head therewith; 
and afterwards take the worts wann, all except the 
savine, and bind to the head all night. 

11. For ptun in the chest. 
Take elecampane roots and bark that has grown 
again, and diy thoroughly and make into a dust, and 
drive it through a doth, and take honey and seethe 
it thoroughly; after that take the dust and mingle it 
therewith, and stir thoroughly together, and put 
into a box, and use when need be. Agun, for tiie 
same, take redatalked horehound, and hyssop, and 
stamp, and put into a new pot, a layer of the hore- 
hound, and another of hyssop, and a third of &eflh 
butter, and again the worts and butter, and so on till 
the pot be fiill, and seethe tiiem thoroughly togetiier, 
and afterwards wring through a cloth; and use when 
need be, fiisting cold, and at night in hot al^ or 
broth, or water. 


MS. Cotton. Titas, D. ixvi, foL 16 b. 

]7i6 )pa blejene j^""^ nijon s^a y feo^S hi; peke 
■j mm ^ jeolcan -j bS ^ hptre ape; • "j [Qmejia &a 
^eolcan on anjie pannan ^ ppinj ]! pSf Cc }>uph enne 
da's • -j Dim call Tpa fd& bjiopena pineT fpa {iiepa 
irr;|ia beo >j eall [fpa] pela bjiopena fiiilialjober elef ^ 
call fpa j:ela bunijer bpopena ■ -j op pmolef more eall 
fpa feh. bpopena jenim ]K)ime -j jebS hiC call cofomne 
1 PI"»S ^~ N^b eenne da's ^ fyie |ram menu etan 
him bylS ToDa Tel. 

MS. Harl. 6258, fol. 42. [51]. 

piS eafoti ece pollege f on englif bpyrcje bpofle t 
puUe on ele • ob&er on dane bnrere • 1 tmjfre f heaTob 

De Beta. 

PI'S ealba 1 Anjalum beafoS ece cnuca ^ puif> )«S 
bete batal> 1 gnib on )>a fmnpnnge 1 o&o f beafob ■ 
)>a pimbraft Jfaf lacebomef. €it yip pale f\ce • tmuca 
cylejwne on ecebe • 'i. fffitre mib f beafob • buJan )« 
eajen fona byS bytn fsL Pi6 flapaibe boe • p^roe bteiS. 
Nim ^ mycele feam niSepearb • 1 eallau nnbe ■ cnnca 
to PomQe • 1 mefae brofna • bo ].ar to • 1 be)>peb bine 
pel pearme. Qif fjna fcitncon • Him mucgpyite je- 
beatene • 1 fib de jemengeb • jelogobe fmyre mib. 
CDuc^pyite feap • feo]) on de ■ Tnl&a mib. piS beafob 
ece • jedim bettoofcan I pipor pgnib co ^Jbere • bet 
ane nibt bangie on claiSe • 1 fmira mib Jwt beafob, 
pits fceancena rarnyfla • 1 foe ece ■ bectotfica 1 jeonna 



Against blains, t&ke nine eggs ajid boil them hftrd, 
and take the yolks and throw the Trhite away, and 
grease the yolks in a pan, and wring out the liquor 
through a cloth ; and take as loiuiy drops of wine 
OS there are of the e^s, and bb many drops of nn- 
hallowed oil, and as many drops of honey ; and 
from a root of fennel as many drops : then take and 
put it all together, and wring it out through a cloth, 
and give to the man to eat, it will soon be well with 

For bead ache, boil in oil, or in dean butter, pule- 
gium, that is in English, dwarf dwosle, and smear the 
head with it 

Of Beet. 

For old and constant head ache, pound the wort 
which bight beet, and rub upon the temples and top 
of the head, thou shalt wonder at the leechdom. 
Again, for the same, pound celandine in vinegar and 
stnear the bead therewith, above the ^es: the man 
shall soon be better. For a paralysed body, work a 
bath. Take the netherward part of the mickle fern," and 
elder rind, ponnd them together, and add thereto dregs 
of mede, and wrap* tlie man up warm. If sinews shrink, 
tnke beaten mugwort mixed with oil; when settled, 
smear therewith. Again, seethe juice of mugwort in 
oil, smear therewith. For head ache, take betony and 
pepper, pound together, let them hang one night in a 
cloth, and smear the head therewith. For soreness of 

* Read brppcb. 

B B 2 


382 FLT LEU" 

leaf- 1 final • 1 ribban • ealra efenFela - 1 jemeng 
pfh mylc • 1 py6 pteter • t bej>a vaih. ^ Ad tumorem 
Demomm. Platttaglnis folia • contunde • cum modico 
sale • et bibe ieiunna. Bete nigre succus - et radicis 
minuB dimidio melle admixto • bi naiibus infundatur ■ 
ita lit palatum transeat r' pituitas omnes defluunt et 
nariboB et dentibua dolentibua prodest. Item yaopi 
satureie • sicce • ongaiii fasciculos singulos in sapone 
optime pOT triduum macembis • hoc per eingulos menses • 
non solum capite sanuB • sed ei pectore et stomacho 
eriB. 1 Cui capud cum dolore findi uidetur. Snccum 
edere cum oleo • miacetur et accetnm • et unge nareB • 
et statim sedabitur. 

MS. Cott. Domit. A. 1, fol 55 b. 

)>aj> pypta fceolon to penpealpe • elene • japleac • 

cepuiUe psebic ■ ntep • hjiemnef foc • hunij -j pipup • 

cnucije ealle 6a pjjita -j pjimje jjujih cla6 • ^ pylle 

}K>nne on )iam hum^e. 

MS. C.C.C. 41, p. 21 
Pi8 eabpptece (altered to ptepce). 
^enim Itepfie neoKopeapbe cnupa -j ppmj Supb btepenne 
claC ^ bo fealr tS pjunj }>oiine in ))am eajan. 


shanks and foot ache ; betony and mallow, and fennel 
and ribwort, of all equal quantities, and mingle with 
milk and with water; smear therewith. 

These worts must do for a wensalve ; inula, gar- 
lick, dbervil, radish, turnip, ravens foot, honey, and 
pepper. Pound all the worts, and wring through a 
cloUi, tmd boil them then in the honey. 

For pain in the eye. 

Take the netherward part of a bulrush, pound it, 
and wring it through a hair cloth, and add salt ; 
then squeeze it into the eye. 


MS. C.C.C. 41., p. 226, in the mai^ 

Ne jropjTolen ne pojiholen iianuhc Jwep iSe ic Sje Jje 
na^ Se mihce hepob upne bjuheu. Ic jejwhre fee 
Eabelenao* an6 ic jel^ohre cpijT on pobe ahanjen ("pa 
ic )>ence 6if feoh ro finbanne- nsB|- Co o}> peojip 
janne* -j to picanne vmy Co o'Spyjiceanne ^ co 
Inpianne- nsef to o^SU^Muuie. Qajuuun6 jobej* Sejen 
pn& Jwer feoh* "j p^pe ]«et peoh aob ht^n Jmbc feoh* 
^ healb J^t feoh ■ anb [:epe ham )fse!z peoh ■ ]7fet he 
nieppe nabbe lanbej- Jwec he hit oSltobe ne pol6an f 
Lit oiSpejue ne huj-a Jnet he hit o5 hit' iiealbe syp 
hyt hpa jebo* ne jebi^e hit bun nseppe hinn&n ]>pyiii 
nihtum- cunne ic hip mihca- hip msejen* anb hip 
mihta- anb hip munbcpeptar eall he peopnije ppa 
pyep* pubn j>eopnie • ppa hpeftel J>eo fpa fyfcel • 86 
Be jjip peoh o^Spepjean jrence - oB6e fiip opp oiSehtian 
Sence • amen. 

Ma C.C.C. 41, p. 202, maigin. 
Pi5 ymbe. 

mm eopj>an opeppeopp mib J^inpe f]>I)>pan hanba 
unbep ]>inum fpi]>pan pet ^j cpet po ic onbep pot punbe 
ic hit hpiet eopSe msej pi6 ealpa pihca jehpilce *] pS 
anban -j pi6 saminbe -j pi6 fa mioelan mannep tDnjan 
-j pi6 on poppeojip opep JpeoC ])onue hi Tpipmau -j 
cpeS Titce je pje pip fijaiS to eop^ian nseppa je jnlbe 
cu puba pleojan beo je fpa jeminbije minep jobep fpa 
bi6 manna jehpilc meCep "j e]>eler 


CHARMS. 385 

To find lost cattle. 
Neither stolen Qor hidden be aught of what I own ; 
any more than Herod could onr Lord. I remembered 
Sivint Helena and I remembered Christ on the rood 
hung; 80 I think to find these beeves, not to have 
them go far, and to know whei-e they are, not to 
work them mischief and to love them, not to lead 
them astray. Garmund, servant of Qod, find me those ' 
beeves, and fetch me tiioae beeves, and have those 
beeves, and hold those beeves, and bring home those 
beeves, so that he, the miBdoer, may never have any 
land, to lead them to, nor gronud to bring them to, 
nor houses to keep tliem in. If one do this deed, let 
it avail him never. Within three nights I will try 
his powers, his might, his 'main, and his protecting 
crafts. Be he quite waiy, aa wood is ware of fire, 
A8 thigh of bramble or of thistle, he, who may be 
thinking to mislead these beeves or to mispossess this 
cattle. Amen. 

For catching a awarm, of bees. 
Take some earth, throw it with thy right hand 
under thy right foot and say, " I take nnder foot, 
" I am trying what earth avails for everything in the 
" world and against spite and against malice, and 
" against the mickle tongue of man, and against dis- 
" pleasure." Throw oyer them some gravel where 
they Bwann, and say, — 

" Sit ye, my ladies, sink, 
" Sink ye to earth down ; 
" Never be so wild, 
" As to the wood to fly. 
" Be ye as mindful of my good as every man is of 
" meat and estate." 


MS. Cott VitelL E. xTiii, foL 13 b. 
Juj" 1]" ^man yjipe to botre. 
[Sinj] ymb Jun Jjipe telce eefen him to helpe • agios ■ 
AGIOS • Aoros • (^enim tpejen] . , , lante [biccan 
pe'SeJlec5e^e • "j pjut on sejfiejme Tticcan [be] hpaelcepe 
ec^e : an patep nojtep • 06 eube • ■] let ]K)ue [feiccjan 
)>one' b€[pjuteiin]e on J>a plojie ■ y Jfone oft[e]pne oK 
opep ]«un oCpum rticc[a]n. 

MS. C.C.C. *1, p. 292, margin. 
pi6 ealpa peo[n]ba jpimnefToBL 

beztera domini fecit uirtutem dextera domim cs- 
altauit me non monar fed uiuam et narrabo open 
domiiu dextera glonficata est in nirtute dextera 
manus tua confringit inimicof et per mnlcitudmon 
ma^ftatif tuee contreuisti adversanof meof mi&(ti iram 
tuam et comedit eof fic per nerba amedatio fic enf 
inmundifCnie apintus fletuf oculonun tibi gebeima ignif 
cedite* acapite- a capillis ■ a labiif- a lingua* e coUo ■ 
a peciconbuB* ab nnmerrif- compaginibas membrorom 
eins at non Iiabeant potestatem diabuluf ab homine 
iSto* TX. de oapite- de capiUif- nee uocendi - Nee 
cangendi • nee donmendi • Nee tangendi ■ nee mfor- 
gendi • nee in mendiano - nee in utfu • nee in nsa> 
nee in fiilgendo Nq[c] ef fine. Sed in nomine dommi 
nolb-i lesa chnsti qui cum paCre et fpinta (ancto 
unuf seterauf denf in unitate fpintna iJEincti per 
omnia secula seculomm. 


This Ib to cure thy cattle. 

[Sing] over thy cattle every eTening to be a help 

to them, the Tersanctns. [Take two] four edged 

Btidcs and -write on either stick, on each 

edge, the pater noster to fJie end ; and let &11 the 
inscribed stick on the floor, and the other .... 

MS. aCC. 41, p. 846, margin. 
PI'S tajium eapim. 
Domme stmcce pa'cer omnipotens teteme deuf lana 
occulof hominir iftiuf • s. Dcur fanafm occolof filu 
robi ec mulcorom cecorum manuf andonim peC 
claudomm Camcaf egronim refurrectio morcnorum feU- 
citar mamrum ec ommum fanccoram oro domine ut 
engar & inluminaf occulof famub rm • n. in quar- 
cimque oaliriidine coufcracum medelis celestibuf (anare 
dignenT tribue fiunnlo coo- N. ue armif mfricie 
muniarur diabolo refifcac ec regnum confeqoarur 
secemum • per. 

piS Tapom eB|iain. 

Rex glone chnate raphaelem angelnin esclnde &n- 

dorobel aunbus &miilo dei ■ lUi • tnox recede ab 

annum corqnenCi fed m rapbaeio angelo lamcacoa 

auditai componaf- per. 

PI'S majan feocnefTe. 

Adturer nof d«ur GUucttnC nofuer exclude aogelum 
lamelnm malum qm rTomacbum dolorem tbomachi fiuac 
[ed m donnielo Eancto angelo ruo (anitaxem TerDi Cm 
in truo bncco nomine (ananone[m] ad ad cnbuere • 


MS. Cott. Vitell. E. xvui. 
[Gip hpy])>epu beon on lunjen coBoN t 

ron hylle • ^ hxjin ro axan on mibbon 

fumepep meefle [bje; - bo] |)fepto hali psetep • -j jwc 
on heopa mii5 on mibbau [fumepef iDEe]jTe mep^en- *] 
finj J>af )>py fealmaf fsp Ofep • [Mij-epepe] Qostn ■] 
Exupgac dommuj* -j Qnicumque uulr. 


Qip fceap Gonyl on.' 

[IJeiniiij lytel nipef ealoS • ^ jeot: innon tele {raeja 
fceapa mu6 • *) bo f [hi hpa?]op fpeljon • f Iieom 
cjm5 to bote. 

MS. C.C.C. 41, p. 400 ; maigin. 

Partly allitere- Ic me OD Jiifpe Sjp^ beluce "j on jobej* belbe he- 
beobe • pi|>)> ^ne fapa ftce pi's pane fapa lleje pi6 J:aae 
jpymma spyp^ P'^ Sane micela ejfa )>e bi6 e^hpam laC 
■j pi6 eal ^ la& )>e into lanb pape rjje j^^^l* 'c 
bejaJe fijejJTib le me peje popbfije -j popcTije k me 
be je ne me mep ne jemyjipe ne me ma^ ne jeppence ne 
me neeppe minum peope fophc ne jepap)>e ■ ac ^eliiele 
me selmifatiji anb Tunu fpoH*^ Z'^ eallef pnlbpef 
pypbij bpyhten fpa fpa ic 5eh;^p&e heofoa fcyppenbe 
abpame anb Iface anb Tjnlce men moyfep ^ lacob *j 
bauic ^ lofep • -j euan "j annan -j ehzabet fahapie -j 
eo mnpie mobup xpej- -j eac 8upenfi Jnpa enjla dijiije 

■ Of nncdtun significBtioa. 


If cattle have disease of the lungs. 
. . . . and bum to ashes on midsummerB day : 
add holy water, and poui* it into their mouth on mid- 
sumtDers morrow ; and sing these three psalms over 
them : Fsalm, Psalm Ixviiith, and the At h anaaia n 

If sheep be ailing. 

Take a little new ale, and pour it into the month 

of each of tiie sheep ; and manage to make them 

swallow it quickish ; that will prove of benefit to 

A charm or prayer: 

I fiirtify myself in this rod,* and deliver myself into See Wanley, 
Qods allegiance, against the sore sigh, against the ^- "'' 
sore blow, against the grim horror, against the mickle 
terror, which ia to everyone loathly, and against all the 
loathly mischief which into the land may come: a 
triumphant charm I chant, a triumphant rod I bear, 
word victory and work victory : let this * avfdl me, 
let no night mare mar me, nor my belly swink me, 
nor fear come on me Bver for my life : but may the 
Almighty heal me and his Son and the Paraclete Spirit, 
Lord worthy of all glory, as I have heard, heavens 
creator. Abraham and Isaac and such men, Moses and 
Jacob, and David, and Joseph, and Eve, and Hannah 
and Elizabeth, Sarah and eko Mary, mother of Christ, 
and alao a thousand * of the angels I call to be a guu^ 

' Probably m bolj rood. i ' Ferhapi, thoausdi. 

* Te M ffo i BJP*" '■ feminine. | 


ic me CO ape piS eallum peonbum hi me pepion &nt> 
pfiijnoii anb mine pojie oepion eal me jehealbon men' 
jepeaJbon papcef fcopenbe fi me pulbpef hjhtr hanb 
opep beapob haJijjia jiof pjepoppa |-ceote j-oCpertpa 
eD^la bibbu ealle bhiSu mobe J>iec me faeo hanb ojreji 
hea;:ob mattheuf helm mapcuj' by]ine leohc hpej' pop 
locoj" mm j-pupb j-ceapp anb j^pec; j^Ib lohannef 
pulbpe jephtejob peja j^jiaphin |;op6 ic jepape ppinb 
10 jemete eall enjU blseb eabijef ISpe bibbe ic nu 
jijepe sober miltfe job fiB jxK jobne fmylce ^ lihce 
pmb pepe)nim pinbar jefpan cipcmbe psetep fimble 
;ehale)>e pi^ eallum peonbnm ppeonb ic jemete pi6 
]>set ic on )>€]■ selmihVian on hif ppi6 punian mSce 
belocun pi)j J>a* la]>an fe me lypef eht on enjla bla' 
blEeb jelta])elob anb mna haljie hanb hopia picej- 
blteb ' ])a hpile J»e ic on hpe punian mote. Am^n. 

MS. aCC. 41, p. 216. 
Dij- * man fceal q>e'S(in Sonne hif ceapa hpilcne man 
foptj-oleime. C[p]y'S »ep he* ffinjj ojiep popb epebe- 
Bethlem* hattie feo baph 'Se cpip: on jebopen j>ef« 
feo if jemjepTob ofep ealne mibbanjeapb. fpa 'Seof bseb 
yyjipB pop TnftnTiiiTn mSlpe. per crucem zpi ^ jebebe 
J>e J>oime ))pipa Ea)% ^ cpeS t>pipa + xpi ah onente 
reduoaS • -j m ftjv anb cpe^ • cmz xpi ab occidente 

■ mm, MB. ; i«ad meb. j piecm is often traoRitioDBl between 

- Bead ^am. r and T. 

' Strike ont. * Bead tu. 

* The thape of the b io these ' * ObflCTre die •UHerntioii. 



to me againut all fiends. May they bear me up and 
keep me in peace and protect my life, nphold me 
altogether, ruling my conduct ; may there be to me 
a hope of glory, hand over head,' the hall of the' 
hallows, the regiouB of the glorious and triumphant, of 
the truthful angels. With all blithe mood I pray, that 
for me, hand over head,' Matthew be helmet, Mark 
brynie,' a light lifes bulwark, Luke my sword, sharp 
and aheeredged, John my shield, embellished with gloty- 
Ye Seraphim, guardians ot the ways ! Forth 1 shall 
depart, friends I shall meet, all the glory of angels, 
tbroi^h the lore of the blessed oua Now pray I to 
the victor for Oods mercy, for a good departure,* for 
a good, mild, and light wind upon those shores ; the 
winds I know, the encircling water, ever preserved 
against all enemies. Friends I shall meet, that I 
may dwell on the Almightys, yea, in his peace, 
protected against the loathsome one, who hunts me 
for my life, established in the glory of angels, and in 
the holy hand of the mighty one of heaven, while I 
may live upon earth. Amen. 

A oAarm to recover ectttle. 
A man must edng this when one hath stolen any 
one of his cattle Say before thou speak any other 
word. Bethlehem was hight the borough, wherein 
Christ was bom : it is far &med over all earth, So 
may this deed be in sight of men notorious, per cru- 
cem Christi. Then pray three times to the east, and 
say thrice, may the cross of Christ bring it back from 
the east; and turn to the west, and say, may the 
cross of Christ bring it back fi«m the west; and to 

' That is, aa in a game easily I in Bome other places, to be neater. 
on. See J. M. K. in Gentlemans Haga- 

' Coat of mail. line, 1834, p. MM. 

■ Sifii^ox appeare here, as veil ae | 


reducar • •] in Cap > -^ cpeS J'pipa • crux zpi amendie 
reduuanc' BJib la nopC ^ cpe% cmx zpi abfcondica 
ruoe* ec muenta esc lubeas cfiij^ aheajon jebibon him 
btcba )}a pyjifran hselon ■ Jitet hi fopbelan ae mihron ■ 
j'pa Dffifpe Seof heab pojiholen ne P7p]*e • peji cnicem 


Qip yeoh fj uDbepnumen jip hir ry hopi- Binj J>if 
on hif petepa o'S'Se on hif bpibel • jip fate p o^p 
feoh Adj on )>eec hofjiec anb ontenb • in ■ canbella 
bpj:p 'Spipa f peas • ne nue; hiC nan man pophelan. 
Gip hiC ff o)»ep opf Jmnne fmj Ba hit on- iiu- heolpa 
iSin- -j Tinj sepe|T uppihte hit- ^ Pecop P61. Parpie- 
Pilip • Uapie* Bpipc- Felic- m nomine dei ^ chipic- 
qui quepit inuenit. 

MS. Bibl BodL JuniuB, 85.* 
PiB pip be^n eaoenu.* 
Haiia yirgo peperit ChriBtum, Elisabet sterelis pe> 
perit Johannem baptistam. Adiuro te infans si es 
mnsculua an femina per patrem et filinm et sphitum 
sanctum nt exeas, et recedae • et ultra • ei non noceas 
neqne insipientiam illi facias • amen. Yidens dominus 
flentes BOiores lazari ad monnmentum lacrimaius est 
coram iudeis et clamabat lazare veni foras et prodiit; 
ligatns manibua et pedibus qui fuerat quatriduanns 
mortuns. pp)^ ^r '^^ pexe Se nmfjte ne com to nanen 
pypce . -j bmb unbep hijie j*pi5pan pot ;* 

' liead reducat. ' For childbirUi, 

■ R«ad nt * Write this on -wax whicli hu 

• Fnuu « transcript forwordcd bj never been applied to »n j -work, nd 

n Mend. bbd It under her rigM tooL 


cuAitHS. 393 

the south, and say thrice, may the cross of Christ 
bring it bock &om the sonth ; and to the north, and 
say, the cross of Christ waa hidden and has been 
found. The Jews hanged Christ, they did to him the 
worst of deeds ; they concealed what they were not 
able to conceal So never may this deed become con- 
cealed. Per crticem ChrietL 

For the same. 

If cattle be taken away privily ; if it be a horse, 
sing this over hia foot shackles, or over his bridle. If 
it he another sort of cattle, sing over the hoof track, 
and light three candles and drip the wax three times 
into the hoof track. No man will be able to conceal 
it. If it be other goods,' then sing it on the four 
sides of thee, and first sing it looking up. Peter, 
Paul, Patrick, Philip, Maiy, Bridge^ Felicitas ; in the 
name of Qod, and the church ; he who seeketh, 

Pi6 jejxicc.' 

P)n8 cjufcej- msel ^ fin; Sjupe CoBp on ^Sij* ^ pater 
nostep • longinus miles lancea ponzit dominum et res- 
titit sanguis et recessit dolor; 

' At tamitme s Me Thwalte*, I * For s itilch. Wriie a ctwh of 
IlepL Genes, xxii. 3S. Chtid, anil siog tntr the place thta 

' From B tisDMiipt ftirwirded bjr thrioe. 


pnj on Bine Uecepnjep • in pater noater ; -j pjuc 
ymb f rape • -j cj>eS • Fuge diabolus ChriBtus te se- 
quitur* qiiando uatas est ChristuB* fugit dolor; •] 
SBpcap- pater noBfcer. -j i-i-i- Fuge diabolus; 

Pi6 tofi ece.' 
Sanctus Petrus supra marmoieam ' 

MS. St Johann. Oxon. No. 17. 

Pi6 blobpene of nofu ppihr Co hif forheafob on 
xpC meL 

For bloodmiming fi-otn the nose, 'write c 
forehead in the shape of a cross. 

' For a strange swetUog. Sing I ' For tootli ache. 
upoD thy tittle Eagct a pftter ncKtcr. ' Thu rcat U vanting. Il is 

and drav a line nbout the sore, and taincd in LocnuDga, tol. 183. 


Ma Cott VitelL E. xviii., foL 13 b. 
piC I]* CSe columcille cijicnL 

PpiC ])f ]Tie cipeal mib ^nef CDipef ojibe on ftnum 
meatan ttaue "j lleab £eime rcacan on mibban J'am 
ymbha^an • -j leje Jwne lltan on uppan y&ta fracan - 
P be beo eall uubeji eopSan • butan )>am jepjucenan. 

Tbifl is tbe eirole of Saint Columbkill. 
Write this circle with the point of thy knife upon 
a meal stone or quern, and cut a stake in the middle 
of tbe hedge aurrounding thy fields; and lay the stone 
upon tbe stake, so that it be all under ground except 
the inscribed part 


Agai^ist theft. 

ponne Jie nm[n] hpec fojifcele apjiir |nf fpijenbe ^ bo 
on )>mQe pmfcjiaD IbS nnbeji jnuuiu ho ■ }>oiuie jeacfaxc 
]>u hic rooa. 










hi I 

When a man stealeth anything, write this in s 
and put it into thy left shoe, under thy heeL Then 
thou shalt soon hear of it. 


MS. Cott Vitell E xviil, fol 18 U 

. . . . e meebepe ci6 on Jnnjie hype • ]>oiine ne 
aPponS nan man }me beon ne hi ma[ii] ne msej 
pojifuelan }>a hpile ^e fe ci6 on ^cejie liype bi6. 

Against lose of bees. 

. . . . o plant of madder, on thy hive ; then no 
man will be able to steal them, the irbile the plant is 
on the Uive. 

Ibid. foL 16 a. 

Ut funcef jorbaf non noceant. 

pij- if jjeo blerfun; )>«epx;o. 

Haf precer fuper jarbaf dicif & non dicco eof 
fufpenbif hiejioroliinam cinicate ubi furicef nee babi- 
t:enr nee habenc poceflatem nee grana colligenc • neo * 
mincum eongaubent. 


MS. Cott CaJig. A. vii, fol. 171 a. 

HER TS SEO B5r ftv DV HEA)>T Jnne secejiaf betan 
51]: hi nella)> pel jiexan o)>])e Jxeji hpilc unjebefe J>inj 
onjebSn bi6 on bjiy o6fie on lyblace jenim Jronne on 
mhc BBji lijt: bajije peopeji tjpp "n peopep bealpa 
ytBS lanbeB *] ^emeapca bu by sep fcobon. Nim 
t^onne ele ^ bunij "j beopman >j eelcea peop meolc 
Jje on Jwem lanbe yy -j telcep tpeopc;^iine8 bsol J>e on 
JKem lanbe py' jepexen buran beap6an bdiman -j ffilqie 
namcu]>pe pypt^e 6£el buCan jlappan anon 'j bo )>onne 
hall; pteCep ■Siepon -j bpype {wnne )Tiipa on jrone 
ItaSol J>apa Cappa -j cpejie Sonne 15ap popb • Cpefcire - 
pexe ■ & multiplicamini ■ anb jemeeni^pealba • &peplete • 
anb jefylle • teppe • |)a8 eop6an • In nomine patpis - 
& pibi • et; Ypy sci ■ SiC benebicci. Anb patep noprep 
ppa ofC ppa JubC oCep ^ bepe pji)>an ISa tupp co 
cipcean *] mEesse ppeofc apinje peopep mjeppan opep 
])an tuppon • *) penbe man f jpene ro Svn peopobe -j 
pi(>))an jebpiD^e man J>a cupp jjsep hi rep paepon sp 
punnan fetljajije. Anb hiebbe him jsepopbc op c^c- 
beame peopep quftep mtelo -j appire on selcon enbe • 
COatxheua ■ "j mapcus ■ Lucas "j lohannep ■ le^ f cpipcep 
mfel on ]»one pyr neoj^epeapbne cpefte iSonne • Cpux - 
matrbeus • Cpux • mapcus • Cpux • Incap ■ Cpux • Sep 
lohannep ■ Nim Sonne Jia tupp -j pece Siep upon on - 
■j cpe)>e ■Sonne nijon pi|>on Jjap popb • Cpepoire y 
ppa ope patep Kp •j penbe fe ])omie eape peapb *( 
onltic ni5on piil5on eabmoblice ■ -j cpe^S )>0Qne )>ap 
popb eaft: peapb Ic ptanbe apena ic me bibbe bibbe ic 


A ' charm for 6ewfcA«d lamd. 

Here is the remedy, how thoa mayst amend thine 
acres, if they will not wax well, or if therein any- 
thing improper have been done, by sorcery or- witch- 

Take then at night, ere it dawn, four tur& on the 
four quarters of the land, and mark how they formerly 
Btood. Then take oil and honey and barm and milTr 
of every cattle which is on the land, and part of 
every kind of tree which is grown on (iie land except 
hard beams, and part of every wort known by name Aetr ptvJo 
except the huckhean(?) only, and add to them holy '^'"*""'- 
water, and then drop of U thrice upon the place of 
the turfe, and then say these worda : Crescite, tiioi is 
wax ; et multiplicamini, ikai is and multiply ; et 
replete, that is and £11 ; terram, thai is this earth, etc 
And say the Paternoster as often as the other forvnida, 
and after that bear the turfe to church and let a 
ma&s priest sing four massea over the turfs, and let the 
green surface be turned towards the altar, and then 
let the turfs be brought to the places where they were 
before ere the setting of the sun. And let tJn mam 
have wrought for him four crosses of quickbeam, and 
let him write upon each end, " Matthew, etc," Let 
him lay the cross of Christ upon the lower part of 
the pit, and then say, etc. Then take the tur& and 
set them down therein, and say nine times these 
words : Crescite, as before, and the Paternoster as 
often, and then turn eastward, and lout down nine 
times humbly, and then say these words : 

I stand towards the east 

For grace I entreat 

I pray the Lord glorious 

I pray the Lord good and great 


400 CHAItUS. 

pone m£epaii • bomme • bibbe Sooe nuclan bpihceu bibbe 
&I,iT2t. Ic yoae balijan beofonpicer peapb- eojiCui tc bibbe ^ 
dp heo]X)n ^ Sa ]-o]>an fancca mafiiaa • ^ lieoponef 
meahc ■ -j heah jieceb p ic more ]}i)' jealbop mib jipe 
bjtilicnes coiSum oneyoui Jnipb cjiumue je))anc apeccaa 
y&Y psettmap us to populb nytee jej:ylle Jiaf folbau ini6 
piej^e jeleafan plinpjan fu]* pane; rupp fpa fe piCeja 
cpffiB • ]>8ec pe hffifbe fipe on eopJ>p»ce fe pe telmyj-j-an 
bielbe botolice bpihtnes jKUices • penbe ]% ]>oniie • ni • 
punjanjep aj^ece ]>oiine on aublanj anb ajum {^icp 
lerama)- • anb cpeS ^nne &(^- SOi- SCS- op enbe • pn; 
Jionne • benebicire a^enebon eapmuu ■ 'j loajnipcac • 
•j patep nojrep • iii • ^ bebeob hic cpijTe "j pancca 
mapian • -j )'tep6 haljan pobe to lope • ■] Co peopjnnja 
ftl. irsb, "j J'*''* *P^ I'® ¥ ^'^ *5^ "J fitiloi I"*™ t* bim nn- 
bepteobbe pync • Bonne f call pie jebon ^onne nime 
man Tmcn)> pseb aSc almesmannnm anb pelle bim rpa 
ppylc ppylce man ntsc liim mine anb jejabepie ealle 
bif pulb jereojo cojajbepe bopije jKinne on pam 


CHABHS. 401 

I pray the holy 

Heavens ruler 

Eftrth I pray 

And heaven ahove 

And the Booth 

Saintly Mary 

And heavens might 

And halls on high 

That I may this gibberish 

By grace of the Lord, 

With teeth disclose 

TbroTigh firmness of thought, 

Wake up the wanHrig crops 

For our worldly weaJ, 

Fill up the fields of earth 

With firm belief 

Frank forth these grassy plains 

As said the prophet. 

That he on earth honour should have 

Whoso bis alms 

Hath dutifully dealt out 

Doing his Lords wilL 
Then turn thyself thrice according to the stma course, 
and then stretch out along and there count the litanies,' 
and then say the Tersanctus to the end ; then aing the 
Benedicite with arma extended," and the Magnificat, 
and the Paternoster, thrice, and commend it to Christ 
and to St. Mary and to the Holy Hood, for love, and 
for reverence, and for grace for liim who owneth the 
land, and all them who are subject to him. When 
all that is done, then let one take strange seed of 
almsmen, and give them twice as much as was taken 
from tbem, and gather all his plough apparatus to- 
gether ; tlien let him bore a liole in the plough beam 


• 402 

beame j^Sji - ^ pool ■ anb jebi^obe ]^paii ^j jehaljob 
pealc mm JxHine ^ p*^ T**® on jwf fulea bobij - cpe? 
])Dime • ejtce • epce • epce • eop]fan moboji jeoime ^ 
ye aJpalba ece Spihten Eecepa pexenbjia anb pjubeobpa 
eacnienhjia anb elnienbjia pceapCa beD^e * fci)te ptescma • 
■j )>tepe bjtabau bepe paestma* ^ )raepe hpitan hpeece 
peestnna' ■] ealjia eopjian ytejTma.' j^eiinne him ece 
bjiibcen -j bif bali5» ]» on [hjeoponum jync 
Jraer hjf yjij> p jefpijwb pi's ealpa peonba jehpssne 
■j heo p jebop;;en pK ealpa bealpa jebpylc 
fbi. 173a. )>apa' lyblaca jeonb laiA fapen. Nn ic bibbe 
^Sone palbenb r^ 'Se Baj" populb jepceop Ji ne 
yf nan to jwer cpibol jSp ne to JiBSS qiteptij man 
Jwet apenban ne mte^e popub' jTuf jecpebene • 

' hrore reqnireB cmeadation ; 
tm an interim reading I «ould 
ofifer Hn*' The genitive* are 
partitiTeB. Beiie, fipcBCe, are made 


CHARMS. 403 

and put therein styrax and fennel and hallowed eoap 
and hallo-wed salt, then take the seed as above, and 
put it on the body of the plough, then say, 

Ercel Erce! Ei«e ! 

Mother Earth ' 

May the Almighty grant thee, 

The eternal Lord, 

Acres waxing 

With Bpronta wantraung, 

Fertile, brisk creations. 

The rural crops. 

And the hroad 

Crops of barley 

And the white 

Wheaten orops 

And all the 

Crops of earth 

Grant the owner 

God Almighty 

And his haUows 

In heaven who are, 

That his farm be fortified 

Gainat all fiends, gainst each one. 

And may it be embattled round 

Gainst balefiil blastings every one, 

Which sorceries may 

Throngh a land sow. 

Now I pray the wielder of all, 

Him, who made this world of yore 

That there be none eo cunning wife' 

That there be none so crafty man 

Who shall render weak and null 

Words so deftly neady said. 


401 CHARMa 

))Oime man pa pjlh foptS bjii|:e • anb ^a, fojiman 
pijtli onfceote. Cpe% }ionne bal pej- ]ni polbe ppa 
mobo|t beo )>u jjiopenbe on ;obeB ftej^me fobpe 
jepylleb fipam co nycte. 

Nim )>onne ajlces cynne)- melo an6 abacse man In- 
nepejiboe hajiba b]iabiiEe hlSp *] jecaeb hme mib 
meolce ^ mib hali; p»tepe "j lecje imbep Ja fop- 
man f\i]\)i cpe(>e Jroime pul lecep fobjiep fipa cinne 
beopbr blopenbe Jni jebletj-ob peop]> Jjsbj" halijnn no- 
man }e iSas heojron jepceop -j iSap eopj^au \e pe on 
lipa]> po job j-e faj- jpunbaj- jepophre jeunne up 
5popeiibe jipe f up copna jehpylc cutne to nyrce • 
cpc5 (ronne ■ iii • Cpepcite • In nomine patpip • pir 
benebicri • Amen, -j patep rip • ppipa. 


Then let one drive forward the plough ' and cut tlie 
fiiat furrOT ; then say, 

Hail to thee, mother earth 

Mortals maintaining ; 

Be growing and fertile 

By the goodnesa of God, 

Filled with fodder 

Our folk to feed. 
Then take meal of every kind and let one bake a 
brood loaf, as big aa \vill lie within hin two liands, 
and knead it with milk and with holy water, and lay 
it under the first furrow. Then say. 

Land filled with fodder 

Mankind to feed 

Brightly blooming 

Blessed become thou 

For the holy name 

Of him who heaven created, 

And this earth 

On which we live, 

May the Qod who made these grounds 

Grant to us his growing grace, 

Tliat to us of com each kind 

May come to good. 
Then say thrice, " Crescite, etc" and the Paternoster 

' Snih is leminiue, ,^>elBtaiu Dooma, xti. p. 8S ; lUganLam, I, p. 111. 


PilDled hj OBOun E. Btbb ud Wnuut BFomnrooDE, 

Frluton to Uw Queen's moat BueUeat Hi)grt}'. 
For Her M^ertj'i Stottoaer; OtBoe. 



By- Uie late Beoord and State Paper ComznisaionerB, 
or under the Direction of the Bight Honourable 
the Maater of the Bolls, Thioh may be pur- 
chased of Messrs. Longman and Co., London; 
Iffessrs. J. H. and J. Parker, Oxford and Lon- 
don ; Messrs. Macmillan and Co., Cunbridge and 
London; Messrs. A. and C. Black, Edinburgh; 
and Mr. A. Thorn, DnbUn. 


BoTULOBDH Ohioikauoh IK GuBiA ScAccAHH Abbsstia^tio. Henry 
m. — Edward IIL Edited bg Hekbt Pi.atfokd, Esq. 2 vols, 
folio (1805—1810). Price 25*. boards, or 12*. 6d. each. 


Beniy III. — Richard HI. Edited by John Galet and John 
Batley, Eaqrs. VoU. 2, 3, and 4, folio (1806—1808; 1821—1828), 
boards : toU. 2 and 3, price 2\e. each; vol. 4, price 24*. 


Vol. 4. EdiUd by The Eev. T. H. Hobme. (1812), foUo, boards. 
Price 18*. 

Abbbetiatio Placitobux, Bichard I. — Edward IL Edited by The 

Bight Hon. Gkoboe Robe and W. Illingwobtb, Esq. 1 voL 

folio (1811), boards. J=Wce 18*. 
LiBRi Ceksuaus Tocati Dohebdat-Book, Indices. Edited by Sir 

Hehbt Ellis. Small folio (1816), boards (DomeBday-Boolc, 

vol. 8). Price 21*. 
IiiBBi Cenbcalis Tocati Dohksdat-Book, Additahenta ex Codio. 

Antiquiss. Edited by Sir Hkmbt Ellis. Small folio (1816), 

boards (Domesday-Book, vol. 4). Price 21*. 

[uicnii.ij E E 


Statdtzs or THE BEAiH, l&Tge folio. Vols. 4 (in S parts), 7, 8, 
9. 10, and II, inclading 2 vols, of Indices (1819—1828). Edited 
£y Sir T. E. Tohlins, Johk Baitbbt, Johh Cu,et, uid 
Wh. Elliott, Esqre. iVtce 3I(. €<f. each; except the Alplui> 
betical and Chronological Indices, price 30s. each. 

Valob EcCLEBiASTicrs, temp. Henry Vlll., Anctoritate Begia insti- 

tntuB. Edited by John Calbt, Esq., and the Bev. Josefh 

HCNTEB. Tola. 3 to 6, folio (1810, &c.), boards. Price 25*. each. 

*,* The Antrodootioa ii alto publiahed Id 8to., dolii. Price 2«. 6rf. 


HtWASTEKizKBi AssEBVATi. 19 EdwftFd L — ^Heuy Vm. EdiUd 
by Datid Macphebsoit, John Calet, and W. Illingwobth, 
EsqrR., and the Key. T. H. Hobhe. 2 Tols. folio (1814 — 1819% 
bonds. PricB 42f . 

" F<BIHIBA, CoirvximONEB, LlTTERX," fcc. ; OT, R^mer'a Foedersi, A.D. 
1066—1391. New Edition, Tol. 2, Fart 2, and Yol. 8, Parts 1 
and 2, folio (1821 — 1830). Edited by John Calet and Fbbd. 
HoLBBOOKX, EsqiB. Price 2\t. each Fart. 

DuCATUB LAKCASTm* Calendaeicm iNqmaiTioNnH post Mobtmi, 
&c. Part 3, Calendar to the Pleadings, &c., Henry VIL— Fh. 
and Mary ; and Calendar to the Pleadings, 1 — 13 Elizabeth. 
Part 4, Calendar to Pleadings to end of Elizabeth. (1827 — 1884.) 
Edited by "R. 3. Habpeb, John Calet, and Wk. Mixchin, 
Esqrs. Folio, boards. Fart 3 (or Yol. 2), price 31«. Qd. ; and 
Part 4 (or VoL 3), price 21*. 

Calendabs or the pBOcEEDnraa in Chancebt, in the Beiqn or 
Queen Elizabethj to which are prefixed. Examples of earlier 
Proceedings in that Court from Richard IL to Eliznbeth, &om the 
Originals in the Tower. Edited by John BAn.Er, Esq. Tols. 2 
and 3 (1830—1832), folio, boards, price 21*. each. 

Fabliaubntabt Whits and Wbits or Military StTiwoNS, tc^ther 
-with the Records and Mnniments relating to the Salt and ^errice 
dne and performed to the King's High Conrt of Parliament and 
the Councils of the Realm. Edward L, IL Edited by Sir Tjtlxca 
Palgbate. (1830—1884.) Folio, boards, VoL 2, Division 1, 
Edward n., price 21*. ; Vol. 2, Division 2, price 21*.; VoL 2, 
I>ivision 3, price 42*. 


2 vols, foiio (1833—1844). The first volume, 1204—1224. The 
second volume, 1224 — 1227. Edited by Thomas Dcrrvs HABDTr 
Esfi- Price 81*., cloth j or separately, ToL 1, price 63*.j VoL 2, 
price 18*. 


Pboceeddtgs and Oksikahceb of the PaiTT Council or Eng- 
land, lORichardlT. — 33 Henry VHI. Edited by SJrN. Haheis 
Nicolas. 7 vols, royal 8to. (1834 — 1887), «Iotb, 98«. ; or sepA- 
raXxAj, price 14<. each. 


A.D. 1201—1216. Edited by Thomas Ddftob Hahdt, Esq. 

1 vol. folio (1885), cloth. Ptiet 31*. 6rf. 

*«* The Introdaction is also published ia 8to., cloth. Price 9t, 

BoTULi CvRiM RsQis. Bollfl and BecordB of the Court held before 
the King's Justiciars or Justicea. 6 Richard I. — I John. Edited 
^ Sir Fbahcib Palobavs. 2 toIs. r<^al 8to. (1885), clo^ 
Price 28». * 


— 120S ; alao, fr(»n 1417 to 1418. Edited by Thohas Dditus 
HABDr, Esq. 1 Tol.rojal8TO. (1835), cloth, Price 12t. Gd. 


temptH^ Regis Johannis. Edited by Thomas Cutrrs Haedt 
Esq. I vol. royal 8to. (1835), cloth. Price 18<. 


Henry m., 1216 — 1272. Edited by Char[,Ks Bobertb, Esq. 

2 toIb. royal 8vo. (1835, 1836), cloth, price S2i. ; or separately. 
Vol, 1, price 14*. ; Vol. 2, price i8». 

Fdtss, sits Pedes FxNitJH : bive Finales CoRCORDiiS in Curia 
Domini Heqib. 7 Eichardl.— 16 John (1196— 1214). Edited by 
the Kev. Jobbph Hdntkb. In Connties. 2 vols, royal 8vo. 
(1835 — 1844), cloth, |>rice 11*.; or separately, Vol. 1, price 8*.6</.j 
Vol. 2, price 2>. 6d. 

Anomrr Halbhdabs and Invshtosixs op thx Tbeasdrt oe His 
Majebtt'b Exchequer ; together with Documents illustrating 
the History of that Repository. Edited by Sir Francis Pal- 
GRATB. 3 vols, royal 8vo. (1836), cloth. Price 42*. 

DocDUSNTS AND Recobds illustrating the History of Scotland, and the 

Transactions between the Crowns of Scotland and England i 

preserved in the Treasury of Her Majesty's Exchequer. Edited 

. h/ Sir Francis Palgbate. 1 toL royal 8vo. (1837), cloth, 

Price ISe. 

Botuli Chartabuh in Tl-rei Londhtensi absebtati, a.d. 1199 — 
1216. Edited by Thomas Dufpds Habdt, Esq. 1 toL foUo 
(1837), cloth. Price 30». 

Beqistbum valgariter nnncupatum " The Record of Caernarvon," e 
codice MS. Harleiano, 696, descriptnm. Edited by Sir Hehbt 
Elub. 1 vol. folio (1888), cloth. Price 9lt. 6d. 

ee 2 



1831 to 1837. 1 vol. folio, boards. iVwe 6«. 
AsoiBNT Lawb and Institutes of ENQLiuni ; compriat&g Laws 
enacted under the Anglo-Saxon Kiage, (com ^thelbirht to Cnut, 
with an English Translation of the Saxon ; the Lawa called 
Edward the Confessor's ; the Laws of Witliam the Conqncrar, and 
those ascribed to Henry the First ; also, Monumenta Ecclesiastics 
Anglicana, from the 7th to the 10th century ; and the Ancient 
Latin Version of the Anglo-Saxon Laws ; with a compeudioiiB 
Glossary, &c. Edited by Bemjauih Thobpe, Esq. I vol. folitt 
(1840), cloth. Price Vis. 

— 2 vols, royal Svo. cloth. iVtce SOt. 

Ancient Laws and Institutes of Wales; comprising Laws snpposed 
to be enacted by Howel the Grood ; modified by Bnbseqnent R^u- 
lations under the Native FHnceg, prior to the Cfonqnest by Edward 
the First ; and anomalous Laws, consisting principally of Insti- 
tutions which, by the Statute of Baddlan, were admitted to continue 
in force. With an English Translation of the Welsh Text. To 
which are added, a few Latin Transcripts, containing Digests of 
the Welsh Laws, principally of the Dimetian Code. Widi 
Indices and Grtossary. Edited by Ansubin Owxn, Esq. 1 toL 
foUo (1841), cloth. iVice44(. 

— ■ 2 vols, royal Svq. doth. Price 36«. 

SOTCLi Dx Liberate ac dk Mibis et Pkjebtitis, Regnante Johanne. 
EdiUd by Thouas Dnrpus Habdt, Esq. 1 Tol. royal 8ro. 
(1844), cloth. Price Qe. 

Thb Gbeat Bolls op thb Fife for the Second, Third, and 
Fourth Yeabs of the Beiqn of Eikq Henrt the Second, 
\\&& — 1158. EdiUdby the Bev. Joseph Hunter. 1 toL royal 
Svo. (1844), cloth. Price it. 6d. 

The Gbeat Boll of the Pipe fob the Fibst Yeab of the 
Reion of King Richard the First, 1189 — 1190. EdiUdby 
the Rev. Jobefh Hitmtkb. 1 vol. royal Svo. (1844), cloth. 
Price 6*. 

DocDHENTs Illustbatite OF Enqlisb HtSTOBT iu the 18th and 14th 
centuries, selected from the Records in the Exchequer. Edited 
^ Henbt Cole, Esq. 1 vol. fcp. folio (1844), cloth. TVtce 
45*. 6d. 

MoDDB Tenendi Fabliaventdh. An Ancient Treatise on the Hode 
of holding the Parliament in England. Edited by Thokae 
DuTFCS Habdt, Esq. 1 vol. Sro. (1846), cloth. Price 2t. 6d. 


MoNDUKNTA. HisxoRiCA. Britahniga, or. Materials for the Histoiy of 
Britain from the earliest period. Vol. 1, eztendiiig to the Norman 
ConqneBt. Prepared, and illnatrated with Notes, by the late 
Hbnet Peteik, Esq., F.S.A., Keeper of the Records in the Tower 
of I/ondon, aeeisted hj the Kev. John Sharpe, Sector of Castle 
Eaton, Wilts. Finally completed for publication, and with an 
Introdaction, by Thokab Ddfpds Hardt, Esq., Assistant Keeper 
of Records. (Printed by command of Her Majesty.) Folio 
(1848). Price 42i. 

Beoistruu Maqm Siqillt Reooh Scotordu in Archivia Fublicis 
asserratum. A.D. 130&— 1424. Edited by Thomas Thokhon, 
Esq. Folio (1814). Price I5i. 

The Acts or thb Pabliahents of Scotland. 1 1 vols, folio (1814 — > 
1844). Vol. I. Edited by Thomas Thomson and Cosmo Innes, 
Esqra. FrictA2t. Also, Vols. 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 ; price 10«. 6rf. 

The Acts op the Lords Acditoes of CArsEs and Complaints. 
A.D. 1466—1494. Edited by Thomas Thomson, Esq. Folio 
(1839). Price 10*. 6d. 

The Acts op the Lobds op Codncil in Civil Causes. A.D. 1478 — 
1495. Edited by Thomas Thomson, Esq. Folio (1S39). Price 
\Q3. 6d. 

leeuE Roll op Thomas de Bbantingham, Bishop of Exeter, Lord 
High Treaanrer of England, containing Payments out of His 
Majesty's Revenue, 44 Edward III., 1370. Edited by Fkrdssjck 
Devon, Esq. 1 toI. 4to. (1835), cloth. Price 35«. 

Royal 8to. cloth. Price 25s. 

Issues op the Exchequer, containing aimilar matter to the above; 
Jiunesl.; extracted from the Pell Records. Edited by Fbedebick 
Devon, Esq. 1 vol. 4to. (1836), cloth. Price 30*. 

.^.— Royal 8to. cloth. iVtce 21s. 

Issues op the Exchequer, containing similar matter to tlie above ; 
HeDi7 III. — Henry VI. ; extracted from the Pell Records. Edited 
iyFKEDEKicK Devon, Esq. 1vol. 4to. (1837), cloth. .JVi'ce 40*. 

— Boyal 8vo. cloth. iVtce 30«. 

Notes op Materials pob the Histobt op Public Depabtments. 
By F. S. Thomas, Esq. Demy folio (1846). Price 10s. 

Hakdbook to the Pcblic Beoobds. By F.S. Thomas, Esq. Royal 
8V0.C1858.) IHsel2s, 


State Papebs ddbiho the Beiom op Hbhkt tbb Eighth. U vola. 
4to., clotb, (1830—1852), Tith Indices of Persona and Places. 
JVt'ce 5^. 15*. 6rf. ; or separately, price 10*. 6d. each. 

VoL L — Domestic Correspondence. 

VoU. IL & in. — Correapondence relating to Ireland. 

Vols. iV. & V. — Correspondence relating to Scotland. 

Vols. YL to XL— Correspondence between England And Foreign 
HisTOEiCAi, Notes belatite to the History of Enoi-aiid; from 
the Acceasion of Henr; YIU. to the Death of Queen Anne (1509 
■^1714), Designed »8 a Book of instant Beference for Bscertaiiiiiig 
the Dates of EventB mentioned in History and Mannscripts. The 
Name of every Person and Event mentioned in History within 
the above period is placed in Alphabetical and Chronological Order, 
and the Authority whence taken is given in each case, whether 
from Printed History or from Manuscripts. By F. S. Tbokab, 
Esq., Secretary of the Public Record Office. 8 Tolfl. 8vo. (1856.) 
Price 'iOt. 



[IMPERIAL 8vo. I^rice 15s. each Yolmne.] 

Cax-emdab of STA.1B Papbbs, Doubtio Ssuzs, or TBB Rkisnb or 
Edwakd VI., Mabt, and Elizabeth, preeerred in Her "M/awtfE 
Public Eecord OfiBce. Edited by Bobebt Lemon, Esq., F.S.A. 

Vol. L— 1547-1580. 
Caleitdas of State Papbbs, Dohestic Sbbizb, or thb Rbion or 
James I., preserved in Her Miyesty's Public Record Office. 
Edited by Mabt Asne Etkbett Ctkben. 1857-lSSd. 
Vol. I.— 1608-1610. 
Vol. 11.-1611-1618. 

Vol. Ill 1619-1628. 

Vol. rV^— 1623-1625, with Addenda. 
Calensab of Stats Papkbs, Domestic Sebues, of the Bbiqh or 
Chasles I., prescrred in Her Majesty's Public Record Office. 
EdiUd by John Bbdce, Esq., V.P.S.A. 1858-1863, 
Vol. I.— 1625-1626. 
VoL n.— 1627-1628. 
Vol. m.— 1628-1629. 
VoL IV.— 1629-1631. 
Vol. v.— 1631-1688. 
Vol VI.— 1638-1634. 
Calbmdab or State Papbbs, Domebtio Sebisb, of tbe Bbigm or 
Cbablss II., preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office. 
Ediud by Mabt Aknb Etbbbtt Gbbxh. 1860-1863. 
Vol. I.— 1660-1661. 
Vol. II.— 1661-1662. , 
Vol. in.— 1663-1664. 
Vol. IV.— 1664-1665. 
Calekdab or State Papxbs relating to ScoTi.Ain>, preserved in 
Her Majesty's Public Record Office. Edited by Mabkhah Johh 
Xhobfe, Esq., of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford. 1858. 

Vol. 1., the Scottish Series, of the Reigns of Henrv VDX, 

Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, 150&-1689. 
Vol. II., the Scottish Series, of the Reign of Elizabeth, 
158^1603; an Appendix to the Scottish Series, 1548- 
1592; and tbe State Papers relating to Mary Qiieen of 
Scots during her Detention in England, 1568-1567. 


Galendab op State Papebs relating to I&klamd, preserved in Her 
Majeety'a Public Record Office. Ediudby H.'C.HAiiiLTOw.EBq. 

Vol. I.— 1509-1578. 
Calettqab of State Papebs, Colonial Series, preserved in Her 
MB.jesty'B Public Record Office, and elsSTrhere. £dited by W. 
Noel Sainsbukt, Esq. 1860-1862. 

Vol. I.— America and West Indies, 1574-1660. 
Vol. II.— Eut Indies, China, and Japan, 1513-1616. 
Calendar of Letters and Papers, Foreign and Dohestio, of thb 
Reign op Henbt VIII., preserved in the Public Record Office, 
the British Museum, &c. Edited by 3. S. Breweb, M.A., Pro- 
fesaor of English Literature, King's College, London. 1862. 
Vol. I.— 1509-1514. 
Calendar of State Papers, Foreign Series, of the Reign of 
Edward VL Edited by W. B. Tdrnbull, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, 
Barrister* at-Law, and Correspondant da Comity Imperial dea 
Travauz Hlstoriquee et dea Soci^t^s Savantea de France. 1661. 
Calendab of State Papers, Foreign Sebies, of the Reign of 
Mart. Edited by W. B. Tuenbtjll, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, 
Barrister-at-Law, and Correspondant du Comity Imp^al des 
Travaux Hietoriques et des Soci^t^s Savantes de France. 1861. 
Calendar of State Papeks, Foreign Series, of the Reign of 
Elizabeth. Edited by the Rev. J. Stevensos, M.A., of 
University College, Durham. 1863. 
VoL I.— 1558-1559. 
Calendar of Letters, Despatches, and State Papers relating to 
the Negotiations between England and Spain, preserved in 
the Archives at Sitnancas, and elsewhere. Edited by G. A. 
jn. Vn.— 1485-1509. 

In the Press. 

Calendar of State Papers relating to Ireland, preserved in 
Her Majesty's Public Record Office. Edited by H. C. Hamilton, 
Esq. VoL U— 1574-1585. 

Calendar of Letters and Papebs, FosEiaN and Dokestic, of the 
Beion op Henry VIH., preserved in Her Mfyesty's Public Re- 
cord Office, the British Mnseum, 8cc. Ediud by J. S. Brewer, 
M.A., Professor of English Literature, King's College, London. 
Vol. IL— 1615-1518. 


Calemdab ot Stats Fafbbb, Doxesttc Series, or the Rsign or 
Cbables n., preserved in Her M^esty'e Public Eecord Office. 
Edited bj/ Maby Ajikr Etebett Ggebn. Vol. Y. — 1665-1666. 

Caxehsab of State Papebb, Douestio Sebixs, of the Reioh of 
Elizabeth (continued), preecTTed in Her MiyeBtyV Public Becord 
Office. Edited by Robekt Lekoit, Esq., F.S.A. 1580-1590. 

Calsndab of State Papers, Domestic Series, of the Bbiqn or 
Ghables I., preserved in Her Mtyestj^'e Public Becord Office. 
Edited by Johm Bedoe, Esq., F.S.A. Vol. VIL 

Calendar op State Papers relating to Emglakd, preserved in the 
Archives of Venice, 8m!. Edited by Bawsok Brown, Esq. 

Oaleitdab or State Papers, Fobeigh Sehieb, op the Beigm or 
Elisabeth. Ediud by the Bev. J. Stevenson, M.A., of 
Universi^ College, Durham. Vol. II. 

In Progress. 

Calbndab of Lettebs, Despatches, and State Papers relating 
to the Negotiations between England and Spain, preserved in 
the Archives at Simancas, and elsewhere. Edited by G. A. 
Beboenboth. Vol. IL Henry VIH. 

Calekdab or State Papebs, Colonial Sebiks, preserved in Her 
Majesty's Public Becord Office, and elsewhere. Edited by W. 
Noel Saimsbdbt, Esq. Vol. III. Eaat Indies, China, and Japan. 



[BoTAi. 8vo. IVict lOt. eacb Volume or Part.] 

1. The Chboniclb of ENOLAin), by John Capobats. EdUed by the 

Rev. F. C. HiNGKSTON, M.A., of Exeter College, Oxford. 

2. ChbomicOn Monabtebii db Abinodon. Yola. I. and II. Edited bj/ 

the Sev. J. Stevehboh, M.A., of UniTersity College, Durham, 
and Ticar of Leigbton Buzzard. 
8. LiTBB or Edwabs the Cokfebbob. I. — La Eetoire de Seint Aed- 
ward le Bei. IL — Vita Beati Edvardi Begis et CcmfessoriB. 
QL^Vita ^duuardi Begis qai apud WestmonaBt^rhua requlescit. 
EdiUd Im H. B. Lcabd, M.A., Fellow and AsBistaat Tutor of 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 

4. MoirniceirrA. Fbakcibcaha ; BcUicet, I. — Thomas de E^cleeton de 

Adventu Fratrum Minorum in Angliam. II.— Ada de Marisco 
Epistolffi. III. — Begietmm Fratrum Minomm Londonin. Edited 
h 3. S. Bbewbb, M.A., FrofeBBor of EogliBh Literature, King's 
College, London. 

5. Fascjculi Zizaniobum Maoistbi Job:annib Wtclif ccm Thitico. 

Ascribed to Thohab Xettsb, of Wau>sh, Provincial of the 
Carmelite Order in England, and Confeesor to King Henry the 
Fifth. EdiUd by the Bev. W. W. Shiblet, M.A., Tutor and late 
Fellow of Wadham CoU^e, Oxford. 

6. Tbe BniK or the Cboniclib of Scotlakd t or, A Metrical 

Version of tbe Hiatoir of Hector Boece ; by Willuk Stewabt. 
Vols. I., II., and HI. Edited by W. B. Tobhbull, Esq., of 
Lincoln's Inn, BarriHter-at-Law. 

7. JoHAxma CApaBivs Libeb se Illubtbibttb HsKsiaa. Edited 

by the Bev. F. C. HujOKaTOir, M.A., of Exeter College, Oxford. 
S. HiSTOBU. HoKABTEsn S. Abocstini Cahttjabiensib, by Thovab 
or Elhham, formerly Monk and Trcasnrer of that FoondatioD. 
Edited by C. Habdwick, M.A., Fellow of St. Catharine's Hall, 
and Christian Advocate in the IJniTersity of Cambridge. 



9, EiTLoiUTrH (HiflTOBUBm sivz Tempobis), Chroaicon tb Orbe 

condito neque ad Annum Domini 1366 ; a Monacho qaodam 
MalmeabirienBi exaratnm. Tola. I., II., and m. Edited h/ F. S. 
Hatdok, Esq., B.A. 

10, MEifORUi,B ov Koto Henbt thz Seventh : Bemardi Andren 
Tholosatis Vita Begia Heurici Septimi ; necnon alia quiedam 
ad eundem Begem apectautiEL Edited by Jaicbb Gairdneb, 

11, MsuoBiALS OF Hknht THE FiFTH, I — ^Vita Henrici Qninti, 
Roberto Bedmanno anctore. IL — Veraui fibytbiiiici in laudem 
BegiB Henrici Quinti, m. — Elmhami Liber MetricoH de 
Henrico V, Edited In/ C. A. Cole, Esq. 

12, Mdkihenta. GiLDELALUi LoHDOHiBMBiB ; LibeT Albns, Liber 

Cnatnmamm, et Liber Horn, in arcbivis GildhaUs asaervati. 
Vol. I., Liber Albua. Vol. II, {in Two Parts), Liber Castumarum, 
VoL III., TranBlation of the Anglo-Norman Pasaagea in Liber 
AJbns, Glossaries, Appendices, and Index. Edited by H. T. 
BiLET, Eaq., M.A,, Barrister-at-Lsw. 

13, Chbomica. JoHAmna de Ozenedeb, Edited by Sir H. Ellis, K.H. 

14, A COLLECTiOK or Political Poeub and Sonos relatimo to 
Enqlibh Histobt, fbo m th e Accession of Edwabd III, to 
the Beion of Henby Vni. Vola^ I. and II. Edited by T. 
Weight, Eeq., M,A. 

15, The " Opus Tertiom," " Orra Minub," Btc., of Roger Bacow. 

Edited by 3. S. Breweb, M,A., Professor of English Litera- 
ture, King's College, London, 

16, Bartbolouxi db Coxtom, Mokachi Nobwicbksib, Hibtobia 
Amglicana (AJ), 449—1298). EdiUd Ay H. B, Lcabd, M,A., 
Fellow and Asfiistant Tntor of Trinit7 College, Cunbridge. 

17, Bbut r Ttwtsogtok ; or, The Chronicle of the Princes of Wales, 
Edited by the Bev. J, Williahs ab Ithel, 

18, A Collection op Botal and Historical Lettebs DURiNa the 
Beion of Henbt IV. Vol. I. Edittd by the Rev. F, C. 
Hingeston, M.A., of Exeter College, Oxford. 

19, The Repressor of oteh udch Blajdng or the Cleegt, By 
Beoinald Pecock, Bometime Bishop of Chichester. Vols. I. 
and II. Ediud by C. Babinoton, B,D., Fellow of St. John's 
College, Cambridge, 


20. Anhales Caubsls. Edited by tho Ber. J, WuLiAva ab Ithbi;. 

21. The Wobks of Gnui-Drs Caubrbmsi8. VoIb. I., II,, and III. 
Edited by J. S. Brewer, M,A., Professor of Engliali Literature, 
King's College, Iiondon. 

22. Letters and Papbeb illdstbatite of the Wars of the 
Emgi.ish in France dtjrinq the Eeiqh of Henrt the Sixth, 
King of England. Vol. L Edited by the Rev. J. Stevenson, 
M.A., of University College, Durham, and Vicar of Leigbton 

23. The Anglo-Saxon Chbonicle, accobdino to the several 
Original Authorities. Vol, I., Original Texts. Vol. II., 
Translation. Edited by B, Thorpe, Esq., Member of tlie Rojal 
Academy of Sciences at Mnnich, and of the Society of Nether- 
landish Literature at Leyden. 

24. Letters and Papers illustbatitb of the Reisns of 

Richard III, and Hekbt VII. Vols. I. and II. Edited by 
Jaheb Gaibdner, Esq. 

25. Letters of Bishop Gbosseteste, illnstrative of the Social Con- 
dition of hie Time. Edited by H. B, Ldard, M.A., Fellow and 
Assistant Tutor of Trinity College, Cambridge. 

26. Descriptive Cataloghb of Manuscripts relating to the 
History of Great Beitain and Ibeland. Vol. I. (in Two 
Parts) ! Anterior to the Norman Invasion. 5yT. DoffusHabdt, 
Esq., Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, 


Reign of Henrt III. From the Originals in the Public Record 
Office, Vol. I., 1216-1235. Selected and edited by the Rev. 
W. W. Shirley, Tutor and late Fellow of Wadham College, 

28. The Saint Albans' Chronicles : — The English History of 
Thokas Walsikohah, Monk op Saint Albans, Vol, L, 1272- 
1381, Edited by Henrt Teouas Riley, Esq., M.A., Barrister- 

29. Chronicon Abbatls Eveshahbnsis, Auctoribus DoHonco 
Priore Eysshamia et Thoha de Marleberoe Abbate, a 
Fdndationb ad Annum 1213, una cum Continuatione ad 
Annum 1418, Edited by the Rev. W. D, Macbay, M.A., 
Bodleian Library, Oxford. 


Regum Angli£. Vol. 1, 447-871. Edited by John E. B. 
Mayor, M.A., Fellow and Assistant Tutor of St. John's Col^;e, 


31. Tbar Books of thk Hkiqs of Edwabd the Fiest. Edited and 
tranalated by Alfred John Hokwood, Esq., of die Middle 
Temple, Barrister-at-LaTr, 

32. 'SiXRKTvre.a of the Expulsion op the English frou Noe- 

KANDT, 1449-1450. — RobertnsBlondellideReductiotieNorm&ntiue: 
Le Kecourremeat de Normendie, par Berry, Heranlt du Boy: 
Conrercnces between the AmbassadorB of France and England. 
Edited, from MSS. in the Imperial Library at Porta, by the 
Ber. J. Stetekson, M.A., of TJniveraity College, Durham, 


Vol. I. Edited by W. H. Hart, Esq., F.S.A. ; Membra cor- 
respondant de Is Soci^t^ des Antiquaires de Nonnandie. 

34. Alexandbi Neckam db Natdris Rerdx libki BCo ; with 

Neckau's Foeh, De LACDisca Ditihje Sapientu:. Edited by 
Thouas Wkiqht, Esq., M.A. 

35, Leechdoks, Wortcdnbino, and Stabcraft of the -Anglo- 

Saxons ; being a collection of Documents illustrating the History 
of Science in this Country before the Norman Conquest. VoL L 
Edited by the BeT. T. Oswald Cockayne, M.A., of St John'a 
College, Cambridge. 

In the Press. 

Lb Litbbb db Bbib de Brittahie. Edited by J. Gloter, M,A., 

Vicar of Brading, Isle of Wight. 
Bkocbil des Csoniques et anchiennes Istories de la Grant 

Bretaigne a present nouub Enqleterre, par Jehan de 

Waurik. Edited by Williau Hardt, Esq. 
The Wabs of the Dames in Ireland : written in the Iriah language. 

Edited by the Key. J. H. Todd, D.D., Librarian of the University 

of Dublin. 
A Collection of Sagas and other Historical Doodxentb relating 

to the Settlements and Descents of the Xorthmen on the British 

Isles. EdiUdby George W. Dasent, Esq., D.C.L. Oxon. 
A Collection of Rotal and Historical Letters during the 

Rkion of Henry IV. Vol. II. Edited by the Est. F. C. 

Hingeston, M.A, of Exeter College, Oxford. 
Letters and Papers illustbatite of the Wars of the English 

IM France during the Reign of Henbt the Sixth, Kino 

OF England. Vol. n. Edited by the Bev. J. Stetenboh, M.A., 

of UniTeraity College, Durham. 


PoiTCHBONioojf Kastlphi HioDEin, irith Treriu'B Tranelatioii. 
Edited by C. Babinqtob, B.D., FeUow of St Jolm's Cdlege, 

Official CoRBEapOKDENCK of Thouas Bektnton, Secretart to 
Hensx YI., with other Letters and Docckents. Ediltd 
by the Rev. Cteobqe Wllliahs, B.D., Senior Fellow of Sing's 
College, Cambridge. 


or HEtTRT III. From the Originals in the Public Beoord Offleo. 
Vol. n. Selected and edited ^ theBev. W. W. Sbirlet, B^us 
Frofeasor of Eccloslaatical Hietory, and Canon of Christ Chturch, 


Ltpe and Studies at Oxfobd bstween the BBieira ot 
Hehbt m. AND HsNBX VIL Edited by the Bev. H. Avbtp, 

Tbe Saiht Albahs' Chronicles : — The English Histoet of Thomas 
WAXSKGHiH, Monk of Saint Albans. VoL II. Edited by 
HxNBT Thomas Kilkt, Esq., M,A., Barriater-at-Law. 

Boll of the Pbitt Council of Ireland, 16 Bichard II. Edited 
by the Bev. James G-RATES, Hector of Ennisnag, Ireland. 

Chronicles and Memorials or the Beigh of Bichard the First. 
Vol. I. BiCARDt Bbois Iter Hierobolthitanum. Edited by the 
Bev. William Stubbs, M.A., Vicar of IfRTOBtock, Essex, and 
Lambeth Librarian, 


BuBTON. Edited by Henbt Bichards Lcard, M.A., FeUow and 
Assistant Tator of Trinity College, and Begistrarjr of the Untver- 
sity, Cambridge. 


Anolls. Vol. n., 872-1066. Edited by John E. B. Mato^ 
M.A., Fellow and A^istant Tutor of St, John's College, Cambridge. 

YiTA S. HuooMis Efiscopi Liroolnieksis. Edited by ihe Rot. James 
F. Dmoos, M.A., Bector of Barnburgh, Yorkshire. 

Yeab Books or the Beign of Edward the First. Edited and 
translated by Alfred John Horttood, Esq., of the Middle 
Temple, Barriater-at-Law. 

The Works of GrmALDus Cambbbnsib. VoL IV. Edited* by 
J. S. Brewer, M.A., Frofeesor of English Litontore, King's 
College, London. 



HiSToniA. BT Cabtulabiiim MoKASTEsn S. Petri Glodcsstkix. 
Vol. n. Edited by W. H. EUet, Esq., F.S.A. ; Membra cor- 
regpondftnt de la Soci^t^ dee Antiqiuures de Normandie. 

HiSTOBU. MraoR Mattosi Paris. Edited by Sir F. Maddek, E.H., 
Keeper of the Department of .ManuBcripte, BritiBh MuBemn. 


Esq.) Depntj Keeper of the Public Records. 

In Progress. 

Chronica MoNABTERn de Melba, ab Anko 1150 dsque ad Annuk 
1400. Edited by Edward AnousTna Bond, Esq., AseiBtant 
Keeper in the Department of ManoscriptB, and Egerton Librarian, 
British Musenm. 


being a collection of Documents illnatrating the History of Science 
in tMB CoQutrf before the Norman ConqneBt. YoL XL Edited 
by the Rcr. T. Oswald Cookatke, M.A,, of St. John's College^ 

Ja/n/aa/ry 1864.