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Full text of "The Leeds directory for the year 1798 : containing an alphabetical list of the corporation, clergy, merchants, professors of the law and physic, manufacturers, traders, &c. : also particulars of the mail and other coaches, waggons, and the navigation barges, by which goods and merchandize are conveyed from this town to various parts of the kingdom : particulars of the coming in and going out of the posts, &c. &c"

THE 

LEEDS DIRECTORY 
ttye Utfttr 1798 



CONTAINING AN 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 

OF THE 

Corporation, Clergy, Merchants, Professors of the 
Law and Physic, Manufacturers, Traders, 6r. 

ALSO PARTICULARS OF THE 

MAIL AND OTHER COACHES, WAGGONS, 

And the Navigation Barges^ 

By which Goods and Merchandize are conveyed 
from this Town to various Parts of the Kingdom. 

Particulars of the coming in and going out of 
the Posts, 6*Y. &>c. 




The best apology which can per- 
haps be made for the mistakes or 
omissions to be found in this Directory, 
is a candid acknowledgment on the part 
of the Compiler ; that though much 
care has been vised in collecting and 
arranging the names, yet he is conscious 
that his knowledge of the town is not so 
correct but that some mistakes may have 
occurred. 

And he begs leave to observe, 
that as the Directory is intended to be 
an annual publication, and this edition 
only calculated to serve the present year, 
a new one will be published in the be- 
ginning of 1799 ; to render which correct 
and complete no pains or expence shall 
be spared. 



PREFACE TO THE REPRINT. 



THIS very scarce first locally printed Directory 
of Leeds has been republished at the request 
of numerous collectors of local books who have 
been unable to obtain copies of the original. 

A few copies of the Directory were published 
separately but there being no great demand for 
them, they were afterwards bound up with a small 
History of Leeds and a History of Kirkstall Abbey, 
three pamphlets in one volume, with the Title "A 
History of the Town and Parish of Leeds, com- 
piled from various authors, to which are added a 
History of Kirkstall Abbey and a Leeds Directory 
containing a list of the Merchants. Tradesmen, 
c, in the Town of Leeds. Leeds : Printed : 
And sold by all Booksellers. " 



IV. PREFACE. 

The History of Kirkstall Abbey is reprinted' 
and appended to this edition. The demand for 
the directory being so small the intention of an 
annual publication was relinquished, but the re- 
maining copies were reissued early in 1798 with 
the substitution of Henry Hall as Mayor, as in 
this reprint instead of John Beckett, Mayor for 
1786-7, and Robert Pullan for Atherton Rawstorne 
resigned and the date on the Title page altered 
by stamping the figure 8 over the last figure (7) 
in the date thus 1798. 



The Directory consists of a list of Members 
of the Corporation including Mayor and Recorder, 
12 Aldermen, 24 Common Council, Town Clerk 
and Deputy, 30 Clergy of all Denominations. 
Under the head of Physic, 32 Physicians, 
Apothecaries, Surgeons, and Chemists and Drug- 
gists, 23 Attornies at Law, 3 firms of Bankers, 10 
Constables, and 1427 Merchants, Traders, &c. 
residing in about 107 defined localities. Some 
of the names in the above lists reappear in the 
list of Merchants, Traders, &c. This list 
includes 319 names directly connected with 
the woollen trade, (the staple trade of the 
Town) viz. 148 Merchants, 55 Woolstaplers, 35 
Cloth-dressers, 24 Dyers, 22 Clothmakers,, 



PREFACE. V, 

9 Drysalters, 7 Cassimere makers and Printers, 5 
Glossers, 3 Drawers, 3 Oilmen, 3 Sheergrinders, 
2 Fullers, i Cardmaker, i Hotpresser, i Scribbler 
and i Sizing-boiler, Total 319. 

9 Stuff Merchants and Makers &c., 8 Flax 
dressers, Spinners, Linen and Canvas Manufac- 
turers, 7 Cotton Twist &c. Manufacturers. 



DRESS. 37 Drapers, Mercers, Hosiers, &c. 
30 Tailors, 9 Milliners, 6 Staymakers, 5 Breeches 
makers, 30 Shoemakers, 25 Hairdressers. 

FOOD, &c. ii Bakers, 56 Butchers, 6 
Confectioners, 27 Dealers, 32 Grocers, 17 Corn- 
factors, 13 Tea-dealers, 25 Spirit merchants, 103 
Innkeepers, 4 Brewers, 8 Maltsters and 6 Tobacco- 
nists, Total 308. 

GENERAL TRADES. n Bricklayers, 8 
Stonemasons, 29 Joiners, 13 Cabinet makers, 5 
Upholsterers, 1 5 , Painters, 1 4 Plumbers and Glaziers 
9, Smiths, 1 1 Whitesmiths, 9 Sadlers, 1 1 Clock and 
Watch makers, 6 Tin Plate Workers, 4 Braziers, 
i Brass Founder, i Iron Founder, 6 Machine 
Makers, i Millwright and 4 Ironmongers. 



VI. PREFACE. 

It is scarcely credible that at the close of 
the last century the Iron Trade of Leeds, (which 
is now of such magnitude as to constitute it a 
staple trade) should be represented by one founder, 
nine blacksmiths and six machine makers, within 
the limits included in this Directory. There was 
at the time a small foundry at Himslet Carr, the 
next nearest being Kirkstall Forge. 

Among the localities mentioned are 30 Lanes, 
1 1 Streets, 7 Banks, 6 Gates, 6 Yards, 5 Rows, 
5 Hills, 5 Halls, 4 Squares, 4 Places, 3 Courts, 
and 3 Folds. 

Thirty-three names in the list are represented 
as members of a Corps of Cavalry, and belonging 
to a Corps of Infantry Volunteers raised by Lieu- 
tenant Lloyd in 1794. 



POSTAL ARRANGEMENTS. Letters 
were delivered in the Town once a day. 

There were three Mails daily for the despatch 
of letters to other places, the North, South and 
West Mails except that there was no Mail to 
London on Fridays or from London on Tuesdays 

Mails were despatched to various parts of 



PREFACE. Vll. 



Europe twice a week, to the West Indies twice a 
month, and to America, only on the Monday 
preceeding the first Wednesday in every calender 
month. 



COACHES. Five Coaches left the Old 
King's Arms daily for; i London, 2 Manchester, 
3 Sheffield, 4 Hull (via York,) 5 Newcastle. Two 
left the Golden Lion daily, i for London (via 
Doncaster) and i for Manchester (via Halifax.) 
Three set out from the Rose and Crown, i for 
Liverpool, daily, i for Hull daily, and a Heavy 
Coach to York alternately, from the Rose and 
Crown and the Golden Lion, (Sunday's excepted). 



There were five Waggon Warehouses, viz: 

1 Jackson, Willan & Co.'s, White Horse ; 

2 Pickersgill & Anderton's, Vicar Lane ; 3 
Waggon Warehouse, Call Lane ; 4 Welsh's Ware- 
house, Land's Lane ; 5 Sampson's Warehouse, 
Land's Lane ; and Aire and Calder Navigation 
and Leeds and Liverpool Canal Co. employed 
about 20 Vessels each in carrying merchandise 
between Leeds and Hull and between Leeds and 
Liverpool, and intermediate places. What a con- 
trast to the present modes of communication by 
Telephone, Telegraph and Railway, 



Vlll. PREFACE. 

Prior to the publication of the first locally 
printed Directory of Leeds, lists of Leeds' 
Residents and Trades had been given in Bailey's 
" Northern Directory? Newcastle (1771), and The 
" Universal British Directory' 1 '' (1790). 

In 1807 was published "A New and 
Complete Directory for the Town of Leeds" 
containing a list of the Corporation and an 
alphabetical list of the Gentry, Proffessional 
Gentlemen, Merchants, Traders &c., &c., &c. 
Also an account of the Posts, Coaches and Wag- 
gons, with the times of their arrival and departure. 
And the different contracts of Vessels trading to 
and from Leeds, together with references to the 
Commercial Buildings, Markets, Fairs, &c., &c. 
Leeds Printed by George Wilson, near the Old 
Church, 1807." 

It is a 121110. book of 80 pages and contains 
about 1770 names. 

A much more complete work entitled " The 
Leeds Directory for 1809" was printed by 
Edward Baines " for the Compiler " [whose name 
is not given,] and for M. Robinson & Co., Book- 
sellers, Commercial Street. In addition to the 
general list of 2070 names, a list of 450 



PREFACE. IX. 

Merchants and Manufacturers who attend the 
Leeds Market from the country is given with 
their places of residence and the Inns they 
frequented. 

There is also a fuller account of public 
buildings and places of business &c., and an 
abstract of the Improvements Act, of 1809. 

This is the first of a series of Directories 
printed by Edward Baines. 

2 Directory General and Commercial of 
the Town and Borough of Leeds, for 1817 to 
which is prefixed a brief but comprehensive 
History of the Borough. 

3 History, Directory and Gazetteer of the 
County of York. Vol. i, West Riding, 1822. 
Vol. 2, North & East Ridings, 1823. 

4 General and Commercial Directory of 
the Borough of Leeds, Compiled under the 
direction of William Parson 1826. 

5 The same General Title as the one of 
1826 with no Compilers name, Baines and 
Newsome, 1834. 



X. PREFACE. 

6 Another Compiled under the direction 
of Thomas Haigh 1839. 

White's series of Directories commenced 
with History, Gazetteer and Directroy of the 
West Riding of Yorkshire with the City of York 
and Port of Hull. (Vol. i) 1837, (Vol. 2) 1838 
followed by Directory and Topography of the 
Borough of Leeds and the whole of the Clothing 
District of the West Riding of Yorkshire, 1842, 
1843, 1847 &c., &c. 

In 1845 appeared William's Directory of the 
Borough of Leeds, printed by Edward Baines & 
Sons, for J. Williams, Senr. This completes the 
series of Directories of Leeds and neighbourhood 
published during the first half of the present 
century. 



THE 



LEEDS DIRECTORY 



CORPORATION OF LEEDS 

~TOHN BECKETT, Esq, Mayor, Meanwood- 

fj Hall. 

Samuel Buck, Esq. Recorder, New Grange 

ALDERMEN. 

John Blades, Esq. Woodhouse-lane 
William Smithson, Esq. Meadow-lane 
William Cookson, Esq. South Parade 
John Calverley, Esq. Park-lane 
Edward Markland, Esq. South Parade 
William Hey, Esq. Albion Street 
Richd. Ramsden Bramley, Esq. Grove House 
Wade Brown, Esq, Meadow-lane 
Alex. Turner, Esq. Sheepscar Road 
Whittle York, Esq. East Parade 
Henry Hall, Esq. Kirkgate 
A 2 



4 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 

-443Cf&- 

COMMON COUNCIL 

George Beaumont, East Parade 
John Brook, Hunslet-lane 
Robert Bramley, Sheepscar Road 
Charles Clapham, Seacroft 
John Cookson, East Parade 
David Dunderdale, Park Place 
William Greenwood, Banker, Briggate 
Benj. Gott, Burley Bar 
Thomas Jacques, Meadow-lane 
Thomas Ikin, Park Place 
John Leathley, Hunslet-lane 
John Lee, Park Row 
John Micklethwaite, Simpson's Fold 
Richard Paley, Old Church Yard 
Christ Rooth, St. Peter's Square 
Robert Pullan, East Parade 
Francis Ridsdale, Park Row 
Matthew Rhodes, Sheepscar Road 
Christ Smith, Kirkgate 
John Smyth, East Parade 
Thomas Tennant, Albion Street 
Timothy Wilkes, Meadow-lane 
Harry Wormald, Upper-head Row 
Thomas Wright, New Street 

Lucas Nicholson, Town Clerk, Commerce Court 

Briggate 
John Skelton, Deputy Town Clerk, Briggate 



CLERGY OF LEEDS 

Atkinson, Rev. Miles, A.B. minister of St. Paul's 

Park Square 
Beaufils, Rev. Mr. teacher of languages, Meadow 

lane 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Bushby, Rev. Jos. St. James's Street 

Bowden, Rev. Jos. dissenting minister, Sheepscar 

Road* 

Crips, Rev. Mr. minister of Trinity church 
Desoulebier, Rev. Mr. teacher of languages, St 

James's Street 
Griffith, Rev. Edw. minister of St. James's church 

Park Square 

Haddon, Rev. Peter, A. M. vicar, Vicarage house 
Hepworth, Rev. Mr. St. James's Street 
Haslam, Rev. Peter, Methodist Meeting House 
Langdon, Rev. T. dissenting minister, Wood- 
house-lane 
Le Fevre, Rev. Mr. teacher of languages, Little 

Woodhouse 

Mather, Rev. Alex. Methodist Meeting House 
Myles, Rev. William, Methodist Meeting House 
Parsons, Rev. Edward, dissenting minister, Sunny 

Bank 

Price, Rev. John, High Court-lane 
Sheepshanks. Rev. Mr. A. M. minister of St. John 

New Street 

Scott, Rev. Mr. D. D. Woodhouse Place 
Suter, Rev. Mr. Methodist Meeting House 
Swaine, Rev. Joseph B. D. Briggate 
Thursby, Rev. Francis, St. George's Street 
Thorn, Rev. William, Methodist Meeting House 
Underhill, Rev. Albert, priest to the Romish cha- 
pel, Lady-lane 

Vincent. Rev. Charles, Burmantop's Hall 
Whiteley, Rev. Joseph A. M. Master of the Free 

Grammar School, Sheepscar Road 
Wilson, Rev. George, dissenting minister, Hun- 

slet-lane 

Wilson, Rev. Edw. curate of St. Peter's, St Peter's 
Square 

AS 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Wood, Rev. William, dissenting minister, Park 

Row 
Wrightson, Rev. Mr. -- 



PHYSIC 

Barwick, John, surgeon, East Parade 

Billam, John, M. B. Kirkgate 

Bradley, B. surgeon and man-midwife, Kirkgate 

Crosland, John, chemist and druggist, Briggate, 

No. 3 

Chorley, , surgeon, Call-lane 

Davison, Robert, M. D. East Parade 
Dodsworth, William, surgeon and man-midwife, 

Boar-lane 
Eggleston and Cryer, chemists and druggists, top 

of the Shambles 

Faber, William, apothecary, Sheepscar Road 
Floyd, John, sugeon and man midwife, Boar-lane 
Hey, William, surgeon, Albion Street 
Hird, Benj. M. D. Albion Street 
Joy, David, apothecary and druggist, Market 

Place 

Kenyon, James, Little Woodhouse 
Logan, Morris, surgeon, Albion Street 
Moxon, , apothecary and man-midwife, 

Lady-lane 

Musgrave, Benj, surgeon and apothecary, Bridge 
Newsom, John, chymist and druggist, Briggate 
Parkinson, , surgeon and apothecary, back 

of the Shambles 

Priestly, Robert, M. D. St. James's Street 
Reinhardt, Widow, chemist and druggist, back of 

the Shambles 
Raysori, George, chemist and druggist, Briggate 



DIRECTORY, & 



Spencer, Robert, and Sons, chemists and druggists 

Cow Market, Vicar-lane 
Shirtliff and Teal, surgeons and apothecaries, 

Kirkgate 

Soper, John, surgeon and apothecary, Bridge 
Stocks, John, chemist and druggist, Market Place 
Simpson, - , surgeon and man-midwife, Boar 

lane 
Trant, W.T. and Son, chemists and druggists, Brig- 

gate 
Tatham, James, surgeon and man-midwife, Brig- 

gate 
Wilson, - , surgeon and man-midwife, Simp- 

son's Fold 

Walker, Joshua, M. D. Park Place 
Wright, Thomas, surgeon and apothecary, Burley 

Bar 



ATTORNIES AT LAW. 

Autey, William, Briggate 

Bolland and Atkinson, Upper-head Row 

Blackburn, J. Simpson's Fold 

Coultman, Philip, High Street, St. Peter's 

Cooper, Thomas, Mill-hill 

Coupland, Charles, Call-lane 

French, Mr. Boar-lane 

Fenton, William, Boar-lane 

Hunt, Thomas, Vicar-lane 

Hirst, Robert, St. Peter's Square 

Horrock's, , Water-lane 

Mann, William, jun. Briggate 
Mann and Lee, Briggate 
Nicholson and Upton, Briggate 
Pearson, Richard, Meadow-lane 
Richardson and Dawson, Boar-lane 



8 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Skelton, William, Wade-lane 
Skelton, John, Briggate 
Smyth, John, Boar-lane 
Speight, Michael, Hunslet-lane 
Spring, Medford, Call-lane 
Wainwright, Thomas, Kirkgate 
Wood, Joseph, Kirkgate 



BANKERS. 

Beckett, Calverley, and Co. Briggate 

Fenton, Scott, Binns, Nicholson, and Smith, Brig- 
gate 

Wickham, Field, Cleaver, and Greenwood, Brig- 
gate 



MERCHANTS. TRADERS, &c 



Addison, Widow, hair-dresser, Kirkgate 
Akroyd, Thomas, watch-maker, Timble Bridge 
Akroyd, Mrs. St. Peter's Square 
Allen, William, grocer, Briggate, No. 16 

Ambler, , innkeeper, Buck, Kirkgate 

Anson, , drysalter, Kirkgate 

Anderson, William, plane-maker. Market-place 
Appleyard, John, dyer and inkeeper, Golden Cock 

Mill-hill 

Appleyard, Mrs. innkeeper, Punch Bowl, Boar- 
lane 

Appleyard, Tobias, common-brewer, Calls, v* 
Appleyard, Samuel, inkeeper, Star, Bank 

* Volunteer, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Appleyard, Thomas, Calls, v. 
Arton, William, butcher, Fleet-market 
Armitage, J. inkeeper, Wool-Packs, Kirkgate, v. 
Armistead, John, mustard manufacturer, Water- 
lane 

Arthington, Jas. common-brewer, Meadow-lane 
Armistead, Jas. brushmaker, Lady-lane 
Armytage, Edward, South Parade, c* 
Arton, John, grocer, St Peter's Square 
Armitage, John, merchant, Sheepscar. v. 
Armstrong. Francis, Holbeck-lane, v. 
Ash. John, pattern-ring maker, Lower-head Row 
Ashberry, Miss, milliner, Vicar-lane 
Asquith, Samuel, inn-keeper, Rodney, Call-lane 
Atkinson, Miles, woolstapler, Park Square 

Atkinson, , chandler, Briggate 

Atkinson, Edw. Park Square, c. 
Atkinson, William, flax dresser, Lower-head Row 
Atkinson, William, cooper and fishmonger, Fleet- 
market, v. 

Atkinson, Miss, milliner, Briggate 
Atkinson, Nathaniel, shoemaker, Woodhouse 

Atkinson, , Red Hall Yard 

Atkinson, Thomas, sexton and undertaker, St 

Peter's Church Yard 
Austerberry, Edward, innkeeper, Wheat Sheaf, 

Back Shambles 
Ayrton, Mrs. Park Square 

B 

Barr, Robert, joiner, Union Street 
Battersby and Charlesworth, woolstaplers, Swine- 
gate 

Baynes, Mrs. tea-dealer, St Peter's Square 
Baiston and Hargill, joiners, St Peter's Square 

Bateson, , stuff merchant, Briggate 

* Cavalry. 



10 LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 



Bass, Benj. linen-draper, Market-place 

Barret Scar, John, butcher, Old Shambles 

Barber, Elizabeth, milliner, Briggate 

Bateson, John, whitesmith, Briggate 

Baistow, , merchant, Meadow-lane 

Bath, Peter, hair-dresser, and hatter, under the 
Moot-hall, v. 

Baron, George, mercer and merchant, Upper- 
head Row. 

Barnes, Thomas, gardener and seedsman, Briggate 

Barstaw, William, glover, Long Bank-lane 

Battersby, Jane, innkeeper, Buck, Mabgate 

Bateson, Joseph, cloth-maker, Woodhouse Carr 

Batterstey, , joiner, Union Street. 

Bewley, : , innkeeper, Golden Cock, Kirk- 
gate. 

Beatson, , plane-maker. Upper-head Row 

Beaumont, George, Major in the Volunteers, Park 
Square. 

Beaumont, George and Walter, merchants, Park 
Square. 

Bellhouse, Samuel, joiner, March-lane, v. 

Beverley, John, drawer, Meadow-lane, v. 

Bellhouse, James, March-lane, v. 

Bentley, Jas. smith and farrier, Swinegate, v. 

Beckett, Christ. Meanwood Hall, Lieutenant in 
the Volunteers. 

Bell, Hugh, sadler, Briggate, v. 

Beverley, John, brazier, Back Shambles, v. 

Beecroft, George, innkeeper, Royal Oak, Kirkgate 

Bell, William. Grocer, Kirkgate. 

Bean, Jas. corn-factor, Bramley's Yard, Lower- 
head Row 

Benson, David, butcher, Old Shambles 

Beezon, Jas. grocer, Briggate 

Beverley, Mark, brazier, Briggate No, z 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Benson, William, and Gervas, merchants, Brig- 
gate, No. 3 

Birmingham, , victualler, Hunslet-lane 

Beckwith, Jas. dealer, Upper-head Row 

Beckwith, , Park-lane 

Berwick, William, whitesmith, Square. 

Benyon, , Park Place, No. 18 

Becroft, John, stone-mason, St. Peter's Square 

Bell, Jas. woolstapler, Boar-lane 

Bellhouse, John, joiner, March-lane 

Berwick, John, tobacconist, Lady-lane 

Beverley, , broker, Call-lane 

Bickerdyke, Samuel, pipemaker, Kirkgate, v. 

Bingley, William, Chapel Town, v. 

Bischoff, John, Sheepscar Road, Lieutenant in the 
Volunteers 

Bishoff; George, jun. Sheepscar Road, v. 

Bingham, John, taylor, Kirkgate. 

Binns, John, bookseller, Briggate 

Binn and Brown, printers, Briggate 

Birchall, Samuel, woolstapler, Hunslet-lane 

Bischoff, George and Thomas, merchants, Wood- 
house-lane 

Bischoff and Sons, merchants, Sheepscar Road 

Binks, Jas. butter-factor, Woodhouse 

Bischoff, Nich. No. 17, Park Place 

Bischoff, Thomas, South Parade 

Blackburn, William, dealer, Hunslet-lane, c. 

Blesard, Son, and Marsden, merchants, Meadow- 
lane 

Blayds, Miss, Woodhouse-lane 
Blakes, James, stuff-maker, Leylands 
Blakey, Thomas, taylor, Lady-lane, v. 
Blaghbrough and Holroyd, cotton-manufacturers, 
Mabgate 

Blanchard, , gardener and seedsman, Tim- 

ble Bridge 



12 LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 



Bothamley, Robert, shoemaker, Kirkgate, v. 

Bowling, Thomas, tinplate-worker, Bridge End 

Boynton, Charles, dry salter, Briggate 

Bowling, William, clock-maker, St. James's Street 

Bolland, Charles, dresser, Sheepscar Road 

Bowes, N. inkeeper, Black Lion, Mill-hill 

Bolland, Thomas, South Parade 

Bowling, James, St Peter's Square 

Booth, Nathaniel, innkeeper,Boot and Shoe, Bank 

Bolland, John, cloth dresser, Bank 

Bolton, George, Serjeant in the Volunteers,Market 

Place 

Boothman, -- , bricklayer, Albion Street 
Bolland, Thomas, Park Square 
Booth, -- , Meadow-lane, v. 
Broughton, Richard and William, cloth dressers, 

Meadow-lane 
Briggs, William, and Son, merchants, Meadow- 

lane 

Bramleys, merchants, Lower-head Row 
Brook, James, oilman, Upper-head Row, v. 
Bramley, Christ Woodhouse-lane 
Brown, John, Briclayer, Sheepscar 
Brown, Samuel, plumber and glazier, Sheepscar 

Road 
Bradley, John, innkeeper, White Swan, High 

Causeway 
Brumfitt and Son, carpet manufacturers, Lady- 

lane. 

Braithwaite, Joseph, shoemaker, Woodhouse 
Broadbent, Joseph, cloth-maker, Woodhouse 
Brown, Francis, Park Place, No. 5 
Brown, Miss, East Parade 
Brown, - , shear-maker and woolstapler, Mill- 

hill 

Braithwaite, -- , merchant, Meadow-lane 
Brayshaw, David, dealer, Timble Bridge 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 13 



Brotherton, --- , inkeeper, Bird in Hand, 

Timble Bridge 
Briggs, Joshua, innkeeper, Shoulder of Mutton, 

March-lane 

Brazier, William H. auctioneer, Kirkgate, v. 
Brennand, John, near St. Peter's Church, v. 
Bramley, John, -- , v. 
Brunton, Thomas, Grocer, Lower-head, Row 
Brier, John, hair-dresser, Lower-head Row 
Broadbent, J. innkeeper, Anchor, Kirkgate 
Briggs, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Briggs, John, plumber and glazier, Call-lane, Ser- 

jeant, in the Volunteers 
Bramley, - , grocer, Briggate, No. 5 
Brown, T. stuff calenderer, Mill-hill, v 
Brpadhead, John, tea dealer, Briggate, No. 9 
Briggs, Joseph, glazier, Briggate, v. 
Brook, John, upholder, Briggate, 
Brook and Wales, linen drapers, Briggate, No. 5 1 
Bradford, John, pinmaker, Rose and Crown Yard, 

Market Place 

Brown, Thomas, Grocer, Bridge, v. 
Brown and Dickinson, merchants, Meadow-lane 
Brown, John, baker, Hunslet-lane 
Brown, William, Charles, and Co. merchants, 

Hunslet-lane, 

Brown, James and Co. merchants, Hunslet-lane 
Brook, Joseph, bricklayer, Hunslet-lane 
Braithwaite, - , binding manufacturer, Mea- 

dow-lane 
Broadhead, Joshua, merchant, High Street, St. 

Peter's Square 

Broadhead, James, brushmaker, Union Street 
Brown, James, brickmaker, near Bank, No. 2 
Broadbent, Joseph, Navigation Warehouse 
Brook, John and Edward, merchants, Hunslet-lane 
B 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Brown, John, , c. 

Brown, Charles, William, and Fountain, mer- 
chants, Grey Walk 
Brown, Charles, Hunslet-lane, c. 
Brown, George, St. Peter's Square 
Brook, Samuel, fuller, Nether Mills 
Bulmer, Samuel, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 
Bulman, Robert, upholder, Briggate, v. 
Buckle, Thomas, merchant, Long Bauk-lane 
Butterworths, J. and W. engravers and copper- 
plate printers, Kirkgate 
Butterfield, John, innkeeper, Horse and Trumpet, 

Market Place 
Burton, Richard, corn factor, Meeting House-lane 

Burrow, , miller, Scott Hall, Woodhouse 

Carr 

Bussey, James, mason and stone merchant, Wood- 
house 
Bush, Mrs. East Parade 

Burton, , taylor, Mill-hill 

Butterworth, , cassimere printer, Swine- 
gate 

Butterfield, Mrs. St. Peter's Square 
Butler, John, malster, Kirkgate 
Butler, George, blanket maker, Kirkgate 

Burnand, , Coach-maker, Call-lane 

Burton, , sail and cart cover maker, Bridge 

Bywater, John, malster, Meadow-lane 
Bywater, William, malster, Meadow-lane 
Baineb and Fenwick, printers, Cross Parish 
Barstow, Jeremiah, Boar-lane, c. 
Barnet, Samuel, shoemaker, Bank 
Baldwin, Edward, baker, Lower-head Row 
Bean, J. school master, Calls 

Beckwith, , innkeeper, Lamb, Call-lane 

Beatson. Abraham, woolstapler and commissioned 
stuff merchant, Briggate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 1$ 



Beaumont, Walter, East Parade, c. 
Bickerdike, Simon, pipemaker, Calls, v. 
Blaughbrough, Samuel, Sheepscar Road 
Booth, J. shoemaker, Bridge 
Bocock, , dealer in spiritous liquors, Kirk- 
gate 

C 

Calverts, gun makers, Briggate 

Carr, Benj. innkeeper, Unicorn, Lower-head Row 

Canne, John, taylor, Kirkgate 

Camplin and Jackson, painters, Kirkgate 

Carrett, William, sheriff's officer, and innkeeper, 
White Hart, Market Place, Serjeant in 
the Volunteers 

Calvert and Co. liquor merchants, Briggate 

Cadman and Harrison, liquor merchants, Hunslet- 
lane 

Cadman, Glover & Darnton, tobacconists, Lower- 
head Row 

Carr, Wm. and John, dyers, Swine-gate 

Carr, Samuel, innkeeper, Wheat Sheaf, Upper- 
head Row, v. 

Carr, , grocer, Fleet Market 

Carr, , grocer, Lady-lane 

Carr, Thomas, and Co. dyers, Swinegate 

Carr, William, dyer, Swinegate, c. 

Carr, Thomas, St James's Street, v. 

Carr, A. and E. merchants, St James's Street 

Carr, , Park Row 

Carr, Robert, Swinegate 

Carr, Henry, Mill-hill, v. 

Carr, George, Swinegate, v. 

Carr, Ralph, dyer, Bowman-lane r. 

Garret, Anne, innkeeper, Red Lion, Bridge End 

Carbut, Francis, Park Row 
B 2 



l6 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Cass, John, hair-dresser, Upper-head Row 

Cadman, Thomas, Sheepscar Road 

Cawood, Martin, brass-founder, near St Peter's 
Square 

Cawood, John, ditto, v. 

Carlisle, Jos. woolstapler, Call-lane 

Calverley, John, Park-lane 

Cawtherie, Jos. baker, Lands-lane 

Cave. John, Hunslet, v. 

Charlesworth, J. B. Brtggate, v. 

Charnock, Charles, jun. Meadow-lane, v. 

Chapman, Benj. merchant Grove Place, v. 

Chadwick, Jer. dyer, Bowman -lane, Serjeant in the 
Volunteers 

Child, George, Sunny Bank, Lieutenant in the 
Volunteers 

Charlesworths, mercers, Briggate, No. i 

Charters, M, hosier, Briggate, No. 1 1 

Cheetham, Jos. watchmaker, Briggate 

Chadwick, Wm dyer, Bowman-lane 

Charnock, Charles, and Son, merchants, Meadow- 
lane 

Charnock, John, woolstapler, Hunslet 

Chapman, Wattson, and Co. merchants, Albion- 
street 

Chadwicks, coating glossers, Woodhouse-lane 

Chadwick, John, hot-presser, Low Fold 

Chadwick, J. innkeeper, Black Horse, Mabgate 

Chadwick, John, farmer, Buslingthorpe 

Chapman, , cloth maker, Sheepscar 

Chapman, John, cloth maker. Buslingthorpe 

Chadwick, Joseph, cloth maker, Nether-Green 

Cheetham, Stephen, innkeeper, Cropper's Arms, 
Woodhouse 

Child, and Cordingley, merchants, Park-lane 

Chapel, J. bailiff, Briggate 

Clapham, Geo. hair-dresser, Kirkgate, v. 



LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 1 7 



Clapham, Robt. butcher, Old Shambles 

Clarkson, Wm. tallow chandler and bacon factor, 
Old Shambles 

Clarke, Joseph, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 

Clarke, Ann, milliner, Briggate 

Clarkson, Benj. tallow chandler, back of the Sham- 
bles, v. 

Clarke, Abraham, and Son, corn factors, Meadow 
lane 

Clarke, Richard, wharfinger, Meadow-lane 

Close, Henry, and Co. woolstaplers, Meadow-lane 

Clarke, , currier, Vicar Lane 

Clapham, John, and Son, merchants, Hunslet- 
lane 

Clayton and Hodgson, merchants, Woodhouse- 
lane 

Clapham, Samuel Smith, merchant and commis- 
sion man, Leylands 

Clarkson, Jos. cloth maker, Woodhouse 

Close, William, Park Place, No. 14, c. 

Clapham and Hall, merchants, Warehouse Hill 

Close, Mrs. Park Row 

Close, William, dyer, Dronelaith 

Clayton, , woolstapler, Mill-hill 

Clapham, Thomas, Call-lane, v. 

Clarke, , cassimere printer, Boar-lane 

Clapham, Samuel, merchant, Hunslet-lane 

Clarkson, Wm. mustard manufacturer, Ebenezer 
Street 

Clark and Son, coating glossers, bottom of Union 
Street 

Clapham, William, clerk to the Post Office, Boar- 
lane 

Clarke, William, , Water-lane, v. 

Coultate, John, shoemaker, Bridge End 

Cowell, William, flax-dresser, Briggate 
B 3 



l8 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 

-MMM- 

Cowell, Richard, grocer, Briggate 
Cooper, William, dealer, Old Shambles 
Cooper, Charles, butcher, Old Shambles 
Cooper, Henry, broker, Lower-head Row 
Copeland, Thomas, grocer, Lower-head Row 

Coalman, , merchant, New Street 

Coates, Samuel, merchant, Woodhouse-lane 
Cooper, James, cheesemonger, Bridge 
Coupland, & Wilkinson, liquor merchants, Ware- 
house Hill 

Coupland, Charles, Little Woodhouse, c. 
Cookson, John, East Parade 

Cockell, , Park Row 

Cookson and Fawcet, carpet manufactory, Kirk- 
gate 

Cowlam, , painter, Albion Street 

Coulston, Mrs. St Peter's Square 
Cooper, John, dresser, St Peter's Square 
Cocker, Thomas, joiner, Union Street, v. 
Coldcall, Thomas, butcher, Briggate 
Cook; John, joiner and cabinetmaker, March- 
lane, v. 

Cookson, Markland, and Fawcet, cotton and worst- 
ed twist factory, Bank 
Coggil, Charles, cony skin dresser, Bank 

Cook, Thomas, , Knostrop, v. 

Cookson, William, South Parade 

Colby, Benj. innkeeper, White Hart, Call-lane 

Coulman, , woolstapler, Park-lane 

Copeley, Burrow, cloth maker, Hunslet, v. 
Copperthwaite, , merchant, Park-lane, Ser- 
jeant in the Volunteers 
Coultman, William, St James's Street, v. 

Coultman, , Park Place 

Cowling, William, merchant, near St Peter's 
Church, v. 



THE 



LEEDS DIRECTORY 



CORPORATION OF LEEDS 

"TOHN BECKETT, Esq, Mayor, Meanwood- 

O Hall. 

Samuel Buck, Esq. Recorder, New Grange 

ALDERMEN. 

John Blades, Esq. Woodhouse-lane 

William Smithson, Esq. Meadow-lane 

William Cookson, Esq. South Parade 

John Calverley, Esq. Park-lane 

Edward Markland, Esq. South Parade 

William Hey, Esq. Albion Street 

Richd. Ramsden Bramley, Esq. Grove House 

Wade Brown, Esq, Meadow-lane 

Alex. Turner, Esq. Sheepscar Road 

Whittle York, Esq. East Parade 

Henry Hall, Esq. Kirkgate 

A2 



4 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 

-&3V&P&- 

COMMON COUNCIL 

George Beaumont, East Parade 
John Brook, Hunslet-lane 
Robert Bramley, Sheepscar Road 
Charles Clapham, Seacroft 
John Cookson, East Parade 
David Dunderdale, Park Place 
William Greenwood, Banker, Briggate 
Benj. Gott, Burley Bar 
Thomas Jacques, Meadow-lane 
Thomas Ikin, Park Place 
John Leathley, Hunslet-lane 
John Lee, Park Row 
John Micklethwaite, Simpson's Fold 
Richard Paley, Old Church Yard 
Christ Rooth, St. Peter's Square 
Robert Pullan, East Parade 
Francis Ridsdale, Park Row 
Matthew Rhodes, Sheepscar Road 
Christ. Smith, Kirkgate 
John Smyth, East Parade 
Thomas Tennant, Albion Street 
Timothy Wilkes, Meadow-lane 
Harry Wormald, Upper-head Row 
Thomas Wright, New Street 

Lucas Nicholson, Town Clerk, Commerce Court 

Briggate 
John Skelton, Deputy Town Clerk, Briggate 



CLERGY OF LEEDS 

Atkinson, Rev. Miles, A.B. minister of St. Paul's 

Park Square 
Beaufils, Rev. Mr. teacher of languages, Meadow 

lane 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Bushby, Rev. Jos. St. James's Street 

Bowden, Rev. Jos. dissenting minister, Sheepscar 

Road 

Crips, Rev. Mr. minister of Trinity church 
Desoulebier, Rev. Mr. teacher of languages, St 

James's Street 
Griffith, Rev. Edw. minister of St. James's church 

Park Square 

Haddon, Rev. Peter, A. M. vicar, Vicarage house 
Hepworth, Rev. Mr. St. James's Street 
Haslam, Rev. Peter, Methodist Meeting House 
Langdon, Rev. T. dissenting minister, Wood- 

house-lane 
Le Fevre, Rev. Mr. teacher of languages, Little 

Woodhouse 

Mather, Rev. Alex. Methodist Meeting House 
Myles, Rev. William, Methodist Meeting House 
Parsons, Rev. Edward, dissenting minister, Sunny 

Bank 

Price, Rev. John, High Court-lane 
Sheepshanks. Rev. Mr. A. M. minister of St. John 

New Street 

Scott, Rev. Mr. D. D. Woodhouse Place 
Suter, Rev. Mr. Methodist Meeting House 
Swaine, Rev. Joseph B. D. Briggate 
Thursby, Rev. Francis, St. George's Street 
Thorn, Rev. William, Methodist Meeting House 
Underbill, Rev. Albert, priest to the Romish cha- 

pel, Lady-lane 

Vincent. Rev. Charles, Burmantop's Hall 
Whiteley, Rev. Joseph A. M. Master of the Free 

Grammar School, Sheepscar Road 
Wilson, Rev. George, dissenting minister, Hun- 

slet-lane 
Wilson, Rev. Edw. curate of St. Peter's, St Peter's 

Square 

A 3 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Wood, Rev. William, dissenting minister, Park 

Row 
Wrightson, Rev. Mr. -- 



PHYSIC 

Barwick, John, surgeon, East Parade 

Billam, John, M. B. Kirkgate 

Bradley, B. surgeon and man-midwife, Kirkgate 

Crosland, John, chemist and druggist, Briggate, 

No. 3 

Chorley, , surgeon, Call-lane 

Davison, Robert, M. D. East Parade 
Dodsworth, William, surgeon and man-midwife, 

Boar-lane 
Eggleston and Cryer, chemists and druggists, top 

of the Shambles 

Faber, William, apothecary, Sheepscar Road 
Floyd, John, sugeon and man midwife, Boar-lane 
Hey, William, surgeon, Albion Street 
Hird, Benj. M. D. Albion Street 
Joy, David, apothecary and druggist, Market 

Place 

Kenyon, James, Little Woodhouse 
Logan, Morris, surgeon, Albion Street 
Moxon, , apothecary and man-midwife, 

Lady-lane 

Musgrave, Benj, surgeon and apothecary, Bridge 
Newsom, John, chymist and druggist, Briggate 
Parkinson, , surgeon and apothecary, back 

of the Shambles 

Priestly, Robert, M. D. St. James's Street 
Reinhardt, Widow, chemist and druggist, back of 

the Shambles 
Rayson, George, chemist and druggist, Briggate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Spencer, Robert, and Sons, chemists and druggists 

Cow Market, Vicar-lane 
Shirtliff and Teal, surgeons and apothecaries, 

Kirkgate 

Soper, John, surgeon and apothecary, Bridge 
Stocks, John, chemist and druggist, Market Place 
Simpson, - , surgeon and man-midwife, Boar 

lane 
Trant, W.T. and Son, chemists and druggists, Brig- 

gate 
Tatham, James, surgeon and man-midwife, Brig- 

gate 
Wilson, - , surgeon and man-midwife, Simp- 

son's Fold 

Walker, Joshua, M. D. Park Place 
Wright, Thomas, surgeon and apothecary, Burley 

Bar 



ATTORNIES AT LAW. 

Autey, William, Briggate 

Bolland and Atkinson, Upper-head Row 

Blackburn, J. Simpson's Fold 

Coultman, Philip, High Street, St. Peter's 

Cooper, Thomas, Mill-hill 

Coupland, Charles, Call-lane 

French, Mr. Boar-lane 

Fenton, William, Boar-lane 

Hunt, Thomas, Vicar-lane 

Hirst, Robert, St. Peter's Square 

Horrock's, , Water-lane 

Mann, William, jun. Briggate 
Mann and Lee, Briggate 
Nicholson and Upton, Briggate 
Pearson, Richard, Meadow-lane 
Richardson and Dawson, Boar-lane 



8 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Skelton, William, Wade-lane 
Skelton, John, Briggate 
Smyth, John, Boar-lane 
Speight, Michael, Hunslet-lane 
Spring, Medford, Call-lane 
Wainwright, Thomas, Kirkgate 
Wood, Joseph, Kirkgate 



BANKERS. 

Beckett, Calverley, and Co. Briggate 

Fenton, Scott, Binns, Nicholson, and Smith, Brig- 
gate 

Wickham, Field, Cleaver, and Greenwood, Brig- 
gate 



MERCHANTS. TRADERS, &c 
A 

Addison, Widow, hair-dresser, Kirkgate 
Akroyd, Thomas, watch-maker, Timble Bridge 
Akroyd, Mrs. St. Peter's Square 
Allen, William, grocer, Briggate, No. 16 

Ambler, , innkeeper, Buck, Kirkgate 

Anson, , drysalter, Kirkgate 

Anderson, William, plane-maker. Market-place 
Appleyard, John, dyer and inkeeper, Golden Cock 

Mill-hill 

Appleyard, Mrs. innkeeper, Punch Bowl, Boar- 
lane 

Appleyard, Tobias, common-brewer, Calls, v* 
Appleyard, Samuel, inkeeper, Star, Bank 

* Volunteer, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Appleyard, Thomas, Calls, v. 
Arton, William, butcher, Fleet-market 
Armitage, J. inkeeper, Wool-Packs, Kirkgate, v. 
Armistead, John, mustard manufacturer, Water- 
lane 

Arthington, Jas. common-brewer, Meadow-lane 
Armistead, Jas. brushmaker, Lady-lane 
Armytage, Edward, South Parade, c* 
Arton, John, grocer, St Peter's Square 
Armitage, John, merchant, Sheepscar. v. 
Armstrong. Francis, Holbeck-lane, v. 
Ash. John, pattern-ring maker, Lower-head Row 
Ashberry, Miss, milliner, Vicar-lane 
Asquith, Samuel, inn-keeper, Rodney, Call-lane 
Atkinson, Miles, woolstapler, Park Square 

Atkinson, , chandler, Briggate 

Atkinson, Edw. Park Square, c. 
Atkinson, William, flax dresser, Lower-head Row 
Atkinson, William, cooper and fishmonger, Fleet- 
market, v. 

Atkinson, Miss, milliner, Briggate 
Atkinson, .Nathaniel, shoemaker, Woodhouse 

Atkinson, , Red Hall Yard 

Atkinson, Thomas, sexton and undertaker, St 

Peter's Church Yard 
Austerberry, Edward, innkeeper, Wheat Sheaf, 

Back Shambles 
Ayrton, Mrs. Park Square 

B 

Barr, Robert, joiner, Union Street 
Battersby and Charlesworth, woolstaplers, Swine- 
gate 

Baynes, Mrs. tea-dealer, St Peter's Square 
Baiston and Hargill, joiners, St Peter's Square 

Bateson, , stuff merchant, Briggate 

* Cavalry, 



to LEEDS DIRECTORY &c. 



Bass, Benj. linen-draper, Market-place 
Barret Scar, John, butcher, Old Shambles 
Barber, Elizabeth, milliner, Briggate 
Bateson, John, whitesmith, Briggate 

Baistow, , merchant, Meadow-lane 

Bath, Peter, hair-dresser, and hatter, under the 

Moot-hall, v. 

Baron, George, mercer and merchant, Upper- 
head Row. 

Barnes, Thomas, gardener and seedsman, Briggate 
Barstaw, William, glover, Long Bank-lane 
Battersby, Jane, innkeeper, Buck, Mabgate 
Bateson, Joseph, cloth-maker, Woodhouse Garr 

Batterstey, , joiner, Union Street 

Bewley, , innkeeper, Golden Cock, Kirk- 
gate. 

Beatson, , plane-maker. Upper-head Row 

Beaumont, George, Major in the Volunteers, Park 

Square. 
Beaumont, George and Walter, merchants, Park 

Square. 

Bellhouse, Samuel, joiner, March-lane, v. 
Beverley, John, drawer, Meadow-lane, v. 
Bellhouse, James, March-lane, v. 
Bentley, Jas. smith and farrier, Swinegate, v. 
Beckett, Christ. Meanwood Hall, Lieutenant in 

the Volunteers. 

Bell, Hugh, sadler, Briggate, v. 
Beverley, John, brazier, Back Shambles, v. 
Beecroft, George, innkeeper, Royal Oak, Kirkgate 
Bell, William. Grocer, Kirkgate. 
Bean, Jas. corn-factor, Bramley's Yard, Lower- 
head Row 

Benson, David, butcher, Old Shambles 
Beezon, Jas. grocer, Briggate 
Beverley. Mark, brazier, Briggate No. 2 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &c. it 



Benson, William, and Gervas, merchants, Brig- 

gate, No. 3 

Birmingham, - , victualler, Hunslet-lane 
Beckwith, Jas. dealer, Upper-head Row 
Beckwith, - , Park-lane 
Berwick, William, whitesmith, Square. 
Benyon, - , Park Place, No. 18 
Becroft, John, stone-mason, St. Peter's Square 
Bell, Jas. woolstapler, Boar-lane 
Bellhouse, John, joiner, March-lane 
Berwick, John, tobacconist, Lady-lane 
Beverley, - ; - , broker, Call-lane 
Bickerdyke, Samuel, pipemaker, Kirkgate, v. 
Bingley, William, Chapel Town, v. 
Bischoff, John, Sheepscar Road, Lieutenant in the 

Volunteers 

Bishoff, George, jun. Sheepscar Road, v. 
Bingham, John, taylor, Kirkgate. 
Binns, John, bookseller, Briggate 
Binn and Brown, printers, Briggate 
Birchall, Samuel, woolstapler, Hunslet-lane 
Bischoff, George and Thomas, merchants, Wood- 

house-lane 

Bischoff and Sons, merchants, Sheepscar Road 
Binks, Jas. butter-factor, Woodhouse 
Bischoff, Nich. No. 17, Park Place 
Bischoff, Thomas, South Parade 
Blackburn, William, dealer, Hunslet-lane, c. 
Blesard, Son, and Marsden, merchants, Meadow- 

lane 

Blayds, Miss, Woodhouse-lane 
Blakes, James, stuff-maker, Leylands 
Blakey, Thomas, taylor, Lady-lane, v. 
Blaghbrough and Holroyd, cotton-manufacturers, 

Mabgate 

Blanchard, -- , gardener and seedsman, Tim- 
ble Bridge 



12 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Bothamley, Robert, shoemaker, Kirkgate, v. 

Bowling, Thomas, tinplate-worker, Bridge End 

Boynton, Charles, dry salter, Briggate 

Bowling, William, clock-maker, St. James's Street 

Bolland, Charles, dresser, Sheepscar Road 

Bowes, N. inkeeper, Black Lion, Mill-hill 

Bolland, Thomas, South Parade 

Bowling, James, St Peter's Square 

Booth, Nathaniel, innkeeper, Boot and Shoe, Bank 

Bolland, John, cloth dresser, Bank 

Bolton, George, Serjeant in the Volunteers,Market 

Place 

Boothman, -- , bricklayer, Albion Street 
Bolland, Thomas, Park Square 
Booth, -- , Meadow-lane, v. 
Broughton, Richard and William, cloth dressers, 

Meadow-lane 
Briggs, William, and Son, merchants, Meadow- 

lane 

Bramleys, merchants, Lower-head Row 
Brook, James, oilman, Upper-head Row, v. 
Bramley, Christ Woodhouse-lane 
Brown, John, Briclayer, Sheepscar 
Brown, Samuel, plumber and glazier, Sheepscar 

Road 
Bradley, John, innkeeper, White Swan, High 

Causeway 
Brumfitt and Son, carpet manufacturers, Lady- 

lane. 

Braithwaite, Joseph, shoemaker, Woodhouse 
Broadbent, Joseph, cloth-maker, Woodhouse 
Brown, Francis, Park Place, No. 5 
Brown, Miss, East Parade 
Brown, - , shear-maker and woolstapler, Mill- 

hill 

Braithwaite, - , merchant, Meadow-lane 
Brayshaw, David, dealer, Timble Bridge 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 13 



Brotherton, --- , inkeeper, Bird in Hand, 

Timble Bridge 
Briggs, Joshua, innkeeper, Shoulder of Mutton, 

March-lane 

Brazier, William H. auctioneer, Kirkgate, v. 
Brennand, John, near St. Peter's Church, v. 
Bramley, John, -- , v. 
Brunton, Thomas, Grocer, Lower-head, Row 
Brier, John, hair-dresser, Lower-head Row 
Broadbent, J. innkeeper, Anchor, Kirkgate 
Briggs, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Briggs, John, plumber and glazier, Call-lane, Ser- 

jeant, in the Volunteers 
Bramley, - , grocer, Briggate, No. 5 
Brown, T. stuff calenderer, Mill-hill, v 
Broadhead, John, tea dealer, Briggate, No. 9 
Briggs, Joseph, glazier, Briggate, v. 
Brook, John, upholder, Briggate, 
Brook and Wales, linen drapers, Briggate, No. 51 
Bradford, John, pinmaker, Rose and Crown Yard, 

Market Place 

Brown, Thomas, Grocer, Bridge, v. 
Brown and Dickinson, merchants, Meadow-lane 
Brown, John, baker, Hunslet-lane 
Brown, William, Charles, and Co. merchants, 

Hunslet-lane, 

Brown, James and Co. merchants, Hunslet-lane 
Brook, Joseph, bricklayer, Hunslet-lane 
Braithwaite, - , binding manufacturer, Mea- 

dow-lane 
Broadhead, Joshua, merchant, High Street, St. 

Peter's Square 

Broadhead, James, brushmaker, Union Street 
Brown, James, brickmaker, near Bank, No. 2 
Broadbent, Joseph, Navigation Warehouse 
Brook, John and Edward, merchants, Hunslet-lane 
B 



14 LEEDS DIRECTORY, 



Bro*rn, John, -- , c. 

Brown, Charles, William, and Fountain, mer- 

chants, Grey Walk 
Brown, Charles, Hunslet-lane, c. 
Brown, George, St. Peter's Square 
Brook, Samuel, fuller, Nether Mills 
Buhner, Samuel, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 
Bulman, Robert, upholder, Briggate, v. 
Buckle, Thomas, merchant, Long Bauk-lane 
Butterworths, J. and W. engravers and copper- 

plate printers, Kirkgate 
Butterfield, John, innkeeper, Horse and Trumpet, 

Market Place 

Burton, Richard, corn factor, Meeting House-lane 
Burrow, -- , miller, Scott Hall, Woodhouse 

Carr 
Bussey, James, mason and stone merchant, Wood- 

house 

Bush, Mrs. East Parade 
Burton, --- , taylor, Mill-hill 
Butterworth, - , cassimere printer, Swine- 

gate 

Butterfield, Mrs. St. Peter's Square 
Butler, John, malster, Kirkgate 
Butler, George, blanket maker, Kirkgate 
Burnand, - , Coach-maker, Call-lane 
Burton, - , sail and cart cover maker, Bridge 
Bywater, John, malster, Meadow-lane 
Bywater, William, malster, Meadow-lane 
Bainei, and Fenwick, printers, Cross Parish 
Barstow, Jeremiah, Boar-lane, c. 
Barnet, Samuel, shoemaker, Bank 
Baldwin, Edward, baker, Lower-head Row 
Bean, J. school master, Calls 
Beckwith, - --- , innkeeper, Lamb, Call-lane 
Beatson. Abraham, woolstapler and commissioned 

stuff merchant, Briggate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 1 5 



TrTW-^^r 

Beaumont, Walter, East Parade, c. 
Bickerdike, Simon, pipemaker, Calls, v. 
Blaughbrough, Samuel, Sheepscar Road 
Booth, J. shoemaker, Bridge 
Bocock, , dealer in spiritous liquors, Kirk- 
gate 

C 

Calverts, gun makers, Briggate 

Carr, Benj. innkeeper, Unicorn, Lower-head Row 

Canne, John, taylor, Kirkgate 

Camplin and Jackson, painters, Kirkgate 

Carrett, William, sheriff's officer, and innkeeper, 
White Hart, Market Place, Serjeant in 
the Volunteers 

Calvert and Co. liquor merchants, Briggate 

Cadman and Harrison, liquor merchants, Hunslet- 
lane 

Cadman, Glover & Darnton, tobacconists, Lower- 
head Row 

Carr, Wm. and John, dyers, Swine-gate 

Carr, Samuel, innkeeper, Wheat Sheaf, Upper- 
head Row, v. 

Carr, , grocer, Fleet Market 

Carr, , grocer, Lady-lane 

Carr, Thomas, and Co. dyers, Swinegate 

Carr, William, dyer, Swinegate, c. 

Carr, Thomas, St James's Street, v. 

Carr, A. and E. merchants, St James's Street 

Carr, , Park Row 

Carr, Robert, Swinegate 

Carr, Henry, Mill-hill, v. 

Carr, George, Swinegate, v. 

Carr, Ralph, dyer, Bowman-lane v. 

Garret, Anne, innkeeper, Red Lion, Bridge End 

Carbut, Francis, Park Row 
B 2 



l6 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Cass, John, hair-dresser, Upper-head Row 

Cadman, Thomas, Sheepscar Road 

Cawood, Martin, brass-founder, near St Peter's 

Square 

Cawood, John, ditto, v. 
Carlisle, Jos. woolstapler, Call-lane 
Calverley, John, Park-lane 
Cawtherie, Jos. baker, Lands-lane 
Cave. John, Hunslet, v. 
Charlesworth, J. B. Briggate, v. 
Charnock, Charles, jun. Meadow-lane, v. 
Chapman, Benj. merchant Grove Place, v. 
Chadwick, Jer. dyer, Bowman -lane, Serjeant in the 

Volunteers 
Child, George, Sunny Bank, Lieutenant in the 

Volunteers 

Charlesworths, mercers, Briggate, No. i 
Charters, M, hosier, Briggate, No. n 
Cheetham, Jos. watchmaker, Briggate 
Chadwick, Wm dyer, Bowman-lane 
Charnock, Charles, and Son, merchants, Meadow- 

lane 

Charnock, John, woolstapler, Hunslet 
Chapman, Wattson, and Co. merchants, Albion- 

street 

Chadwicks, coating glossers, Woodhouse-lane 
Chadwick, John, hot-presser, Low Fold 
Chadwick, J. innkeeper, Black Horse, Mabgate 
Chadwick, John, farmer, Buslingthorpe 
Chapman, - , cloth maker, Sheepscar 
Chapman, John, cloth maker. Buslingthorpe 
Chadwick, Joseph, cloth maker, Nether-Green 
Cheetham, Stephen, innkeeper, Cropper's Arms, 

Woodhouse 

Child, and Cordingley, merchants, Park-lane 
Chapel, J. bailiff, Briggate 
Clapham, Geo. hair-dresser, Kirkgate, v. 



LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 17 



Clapham, Robt. butcher, Old Shambles 
Clarkson, Wm. tallow chandler and bacon factor, 

Old Shambles 

Clarke, Joseph, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 
Clarke, Ann, milliner, Briggate 
Clarkson, Benj. tallow chandler, back of the Sham- 

bles, v. 
Clarke, Abraham, and Son, corn factors, Meadow 

lane 

Clarke, Richard, wharfinger, Meadow-lane 
Close, Henry, and Co. woolstaplers, Meadow-lane 
Clarke, -- , currier, Vicar Lane 
Clapham, John, and Son, merchants, Hunslet- 

lane 
Clayton and Hodgson, merchants, Woodhouse- 

lane 
Clapham, Samuel Smith, merchant and commis- 

sion man, Leylands 

Clarkson, Jos. cloth maker, Woodhouse 
Close, William, Park Place, No. 14, c. 
Clapham and Hall, merchants, Warehouse Hill 
Close, Mrs. Park Row 
Close, William, dyer, Dronelaith 
Clayton, -- , woolstapler, Mill-hill 
Clapham, Thomas, Call-lane, v. 
Clarke, -- , cassimere printer, Boar-lane 
Clapham, Samuel, merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Clarkson, Wm. mustard manufacturer, Ebenezer 

Street 
Clark and Son, coating glossers, bottom of Union 

Street 
Clapham, William, clerk to the Post Office, Boar- 

lane 

Clarke, William, - , Water-lane, v. 
Coultate, John, shoemaker, Bridge End 
Cowell, William, flax-dresser, Briggate 
B 3 



l8 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Cowell, Richard, grocer, Briggate 
Cooper, William, dealer, Old Shambles 
Cooper, Charles, butcher, Old Shambles 
Cooper, Henry, broker, Lower-head Row 
Copeland, Thomas, grocer, Lower-head Row 

Coulman, , merchant, New Street 

Coates, Samuel, merchant, Woodhouse-lane 
Cooper, James, cheesemonger, Bridge 
Coupland, & Wilkinson, liquor merchants, Ware- 
house Hill 

Coupland, Charles, Little Woodhouse, c. 
Cookson, John, East Parade 

Cockell, , Park Row 

Cookson and Fawcet, carpet manufactory, Kirk- 
gate 

Cowlam, , painter, Albion Street 

Coulston, Mrs. St Peter's Square 
Cooper, John, dresser, St Peter's Square 
Cocker, Thomas, joiner, Union Street, v. 
Coldcall, Thomas, butcher, Briggate 
Cook, John, joiner and cabinetmaker, March- 
lane, v. 

Cookson, Markland, and Fawcet, cotton and worst- 
ed twist factory, Bank 
Coggil, Charles, cony skin dresser, Bank 

Cook, Thomas, , Knostrop^ v. 

Cookson, William, South Parade 

Colby, Benj. innkeeper, White Hart, Call-lane 

Coulman, , woolstapler, Park-lane 

Copeley, Burrow, cloth maker, Hunslet, v. 
Copperthwaite, , merchant, Park-lane; Ser- 
jeant in the Volunteers 
Coultman, William, St James's Street, v. 

Coultman, , Park Place 

Cowling, William, merchant, near St Peter's 
Church, v. 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 19 



Cottam, George, Lands-lane, v. 

Cookson, William, Vicar-lane, v. 

Cookson, Thomas, Knostrop, Captain in the Vo- 
lunteers 

Copperthwaite, James, Park Square, v. 

Crosland, John, druggist and tea-dealer, No. 3 
Briggate 

Crosland, John, innkeeper, Golden Fleece, Old 
Shambles 

Cropland, , taylor, Kirkgate 

Crowshay, William, musician, Kirkgate 

Crowshay, William, jun. musician, Kirkgate 

Crowshay, Thomas, musician, Kirkgate 

Crosland, Richard, hotel and tavern, Briggate, v. 

Cryer, J. inkeeper, Prince of Wales, St James's 
Street 

Croft, Abraham, joiner, Union Street 

Crompton, John, stone mason, Woodhouse 

Creed, Mrs. Park Place, No. 9 

Crosleys, S. and W. merchants, St Peter's Square 

Cryer, Ai, innkeeper, Old Dove, Bank 

Craven and Worswick, cabinet makers and uphol- 
sterers, Ebenezer Street 

Craven, William, constable, Ebenezer Street 

Crabtree, William, dresser, Bovman-lane, v. 

Cromek, Benj. taylor, Wood Street 

Croysdil, , dyer, Bank 

Cunningham, Thomas, boot and shoe maker, Brig- 
gate 

Cundall, Richard, sadler, Briggate, v. 

Cusson, John, Long Bauk-lane, v. 



20 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Dawion, D. bread baker, Boar-lane 

Dawson, , Call-lane 

Dade, T. Knostrop, raff merchant, c. 

Dawson, Mrs. Boarding school, Park Row 

Dawson, Mrs. Swinegate 

Dawson, John, Lady-lane, T. 

Darnton, John, Sheepscar Road 

Darwan, John, poulterer, Woodhouse-lane 

Dawson, Joshua, painter, Woodhouse-lane 

Dayson, William, Hunslet, v. 

Dawson, Mary, grocer, Kirkgate 

Dawson, Miles, hair-dresser and peruke-maker, 

Vicar-lane 

Dennison, Matt, taylor, Woodhouse 
Dennison, Richard, innkeeper, Golden Fleece, 

Kirkgate 

Deacon, Widow, innkeeper, Old George, Briggate 
Deveril, Samuel, shear grinder, Woodhouse-lane 
Denby, John, St Peter's Square, v. 

Denton, , liquor merchant, Wood Street, v. 

Dickins, John, machine maker, Square 

Dixon, James, , v. 

Dixon, John, Alerton Gledhow 

Dibbs, Miss boarding school, South Parade 

Dickinson, Benj. cloth maker, Woodhouse 

Dickinson, Joseph, merchant, Meadow-lane 

Dickinson, A. confectioner, Briggate 

Dickinson, A. and Son, woolstaplers, Briggate 

Dickinson, John, cloth maker, Woodhouse 

Dixon, George, taylor, Briggate 

Dixon, Joseph, tea, china, glass, and Staffordshire 

ware man, Briggate 

Dixon, William, butcher, Old Shambles 
Dixon, Joseph, currier, Vicar-lane 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 21 



Dodsworth, Thomas, ham and tongue factor, Brig- 

gate 

Donaldson, - , grocer, Market Place 
Dodgson, Robert, basket maker, Briggate 
Dobson, J. merchant, Sheepscar Road 
Dockeray, James, corn-factor, Woodhouse 
Dodsworth, - , baker, Boar-lane 
Dove, -- , hair-dresser, Kirkgate 
Drake, William, merchant, Boar-lane, v. 
Dribble, Joseph, machine maker, Holbeck-lane 
Driver, R. innkeeper, Parrot 
Drake, - , dresser, Green's Yard, back of the 

Shambles 

Drictchlar, John, wood clock maker, Kirkgate 
Dunderdale, David, cloth maker, Woodhouse Carr 
Dunderdale and Carbut, merchants, Park Row 
Dunderdale, Joseph, Buts Court 
Dunderdale, Henry, Lieutenant in the Volunteers, 

Park Place, No. 6 

Dunderdale and Sons, merchants, Park Row 
Dunderdale, David, woolstapler, Boar-lane 
Duckworth, William, innkeeper, White Horse, 

Boar-lane 
Dunderdale, --- , v. 



E 



Eastburn, Joshua, school master, Union Street 
Eddison, George, corn factor, Water Hall 
Edwards and Duplex, dry salters, Boar-lane 
Eggleston and Cryer, druggists, chymists, and tea- 
dealers, top of the Shambles 
Eggleston, George, top of the Shambles, v. 
Ellis, Joseph, stay-maker, Lower-head Row, No. 4 
Ellershaw, Christ, tobacconist and tea-dealer, Brig- 
gate, No. 23 



22 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Ellis, Widow, innkeeper, Cross Keys, Hunslet- 

lane 

Ellis, James, corn factor, Meadow-lane 
Elam and Glover, merchants, Woodhouse-lane 
Elam, Gervas, merchant, Mill-hill 
Elam, Samuel, Woodhouse-lane 
Elmer, Thomas, school master, Land's lane 
Ellerby, Richard, butcher, Old Shambles, v. 
Emsley, Joseph, smith and farrier, Cloth Hall 

Street 

Empson, Robert, Long Bauk-lane 
Emmet, Joseph, joiner, Mabgate 
Emerson, William, auctioneer, Queen Street 

Bank 

England, , butcher, Old Shambles 

England, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Eyre, Wm. merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Eyre, Jns. merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Eyre, Widow, linen-draper, Call-lane 



Farrars, merchants, Hunslet-lane 
Falshaw, Robert, butcher, Fleet Market 
Farmerie, William, innkeeper, Shoulder of Mut- 
ton, Old Shambles 

Falshaw, John, butcher, Fleet Market 
Farrar and Sons, dyers, Quarry Hill 
Faulkener, Jos. cloth maker, Nether Green 
Farrar, Daniel, carpenter, Woodhouse 
Fawcet, Wm. carver and gilder, Boar-lane, v. 
Fawdington, William, bookseller, under the Moot 
Hall, v. 

Farrar, , v. 

Fell, George, v. 

Fenton, S. and S. merchants, Mill-hill 

Fenton, G. hair-dresser, Market Place 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 23 



Field, Richard, smith and farrier, Lower-head 

Row, No. 3 
Figari, Joseph, innkeeper, Nag's Head, Vicar- 

lane 

Fish, John, chief constable, Kirkgate 
Firth, Caleb, cloth maker, Hunslet-lane 
Fisher, Wm. merchant, Meadow-lane 
Fisher, Nixon and Fisher, merchants, Meadow- 

lane 

Fischer and Rayner, merchants, Woodhouse-lane 
Field, Miss, milliner, Lady-lane 
Finney, Miss, milliner, Upper-head Row 
Fisher, Thomas, Meadow-lane 
Fletcher, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Fletcher, William, hair-dresser, back of the Sham- 

bles 

Fletcher, Wm. watchmaker, Bridge End 
Fletcher, Jos. boat builder, and dealer in stones, 

Water-lane 

Flint, John, plumber and glazier, Kirkgate, v. 
Fletcher, I. -- , v. 
Foster, Christ, taylor, Sheepscar Road 
Freeman, Thomas, dealer and chapman, Lower- 

head Row 

Franswar, J. taylor, Kirkage 
Fridge, James, watchmaker, Kirkgate, v. 
Fretwell, Wm. grocer, Upper-head Row, v. 
Frazier, Daniel, linen draper, Briggate, No. 22 
Furbank, - , staymaker, Upper-head Row 



24 LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 



Garforth, Joseph, innkeeper, King's Head, Kirk- 
gate 
Gaunt, Wm. wool stapler, Bridge End 

Gatclif, , Woodhouse-lane 

Garnett, , woolstapler, St James's Street 

Gamble, John, innkeeper, Malt Shovel, Swinegate 

Gascoigne, , confectioner, Boar -lane 

Gawthorpe, Samuel, Park Square 

Gamble, John, shoemaker and silk dyer, , 

Giles, James, innkeeper, Robin Hood, Vicar-lane 

Gill, John, currier, Kirkgate 

Gill, George, butcher, Old Shambles 

Gill, Thomas, printer, Serjeant in the Volunteers, 

Briggate 

Gibson, Joseph, sadler, Bridge 
Gill, Wm. woolstapler, Simpson's Fold, v. 
Gilpin, John, merchant, Meadow-lane 
Gill, Thomas, taylor, Meadow-lane 
Gibson, Mrs. St Peter's Square 

Gibbons, , cloth dresser, Meadow-lane 

Gill, William, dyer, Bank 

Gilyard, Wm. dyer, Mill Garth 

Gledill, John, dry-salter, Simpson's Fold 

Gledill, P. innkeeper, White Swan, Old Church 

Yard 

Glover, David and Daniel, merchants, Meadow- 
lane 
Gledill, Thomas, woolstapler, Timble Bridge 

Glover, , merchant, Long Bauk-lane 

Glover, Samuel, Little Woodhouse 

Glover, Thomas, white smith, Ebenezer Street 

Goodyear, , butcher, Old Shambles 

Goodall, Samuel, butcher, Fleet Market, v, 
Good, Samuel, painter, Briggate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 2$ 



Goodman, Benj. woolstapler, Hunslet-lane 

Goodman. John and G. merchants, Hunslet-lane 

Goodall, George, shear-grinder, Woodhouse-lane 

Gordon, Mrs. boarding school, Sheepscar Road 

Gott, Wm. Burley Bar 

Godfrey, Miss, tea-dealer, Boar-lane 

Goodall, Thomas, card-maker, Briggate 

Gott, Benj. Burley Bar 

Gott, Wm. merchant and commission man, 

Ebenezer Street 
Golding, Boins, and Company, cotton, twist, and 

woollen scribbling factory, Bank 
Greenwood and Mason, grocers, Lower-head Row, 

No. 27 

Grimshaw, Jon. mercer, hatter, and hosier, Lower- 
head Row 

Greaves, Wm. currier and leather-cutter, Kirk- 
gate 

Gravely, T. M. bookseller, Kirkgate, v. 
Grimwell, Francis, dealer, Market Place 
Greenwood, Edward, bookseller, Briggate No. 30 
Grimshaw, Sam. flax-dresser, Bridge End 
Grainger, Thomas, cloth dresser, Meadow-lane 
Graham, Rich, cloth dresser, Meadow-lane 
Granger, Gilpin, and Co. merchants, Woodhouse- 
lane 

Gray, Robert, glass merchant, St James's Street 
Greenwood, Tim. roper, Sheepscar Road 
Green, Eben. liquor-merchant, Call-lane 
Greaves, R. merchant, St Peter's Square 

Grant, , cloth dresser, Meadow-lane 

Green, John, Park Row 
Grace, Mrs. Park Place 
Grainger, John, Woodhouse-lane 

Green, , hair-dresser, Calls 

Grig, 



26 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Grig, Edward, v. 

Green, John, Serjeant in the Volunteers 

Gray, -- , glazier, St James's Street 

H 

Hale, Thomas, hair-dresser and peruke-maker, 

Lower-head Row 
Hargreaves, Wm. innkeeper, Marquis of Granby, 

Lower-head Row 

Harrison, Wm. bacon factor, Vicar-lane 
Hanna, John, dealer, Kirkgate 
Hall, Thomas, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 
Hallewell, Joseph, innkeeper, Marquis Cornwallis, 

Fleet Market, v. 

Hawksworth, -- , currier, Kirkgate 
Hardisty, Wm. dealer, Kirkgate 
Harden, Wm. mercer and woollen draper, Mar- 

ket Place 
Hall, Thomas, innkeeper, Brown Cow, Market- 

Place 

Harrison, Tho, linen-draper. Briggate, No. 32 
Hatter sley, Robert, butcher, Kirkgate 
Halliday, Sam. butcher, Old Shambles 
Hall and Co. patent hat makers, Bridge 
Hardwick, John, woollen-draper, Briggate, No. 44 
Hard wick, Thomas and Benj. woollen-drapers, 

Briggate, No. 48 

Hardcastle, T. tea-dealer, back of the Shambles 
Hardcastle, Mrs. dealer, High Causeway 
Hall, Sam. cassimere printer, Simpson's-fold, v. 
Harrison, Robert, sen. merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Harrison, Robert, jun. liquor merchant, Hunslet- 

lane 

Hargreaves, Wm. joiner, Hunslet-lane 
Hardisty, Wm. cloth dresser, Hunslet-lane 

Hainsworth, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Hainsworth, Thomas, Hunslet-lane 
Harrison. Benj. corn factor, Meadow-lane 
Harrison, Wm. innkeeper, Nag's Head, Upper- 

head Row, 

Haworth, -- , merchant, Woodhouse-lane 
Hadwin, Miss, milliner, Sheepscar Road 
Hannam, Thomas, bookseller, Methodist library, 

Lady-lane 
Hardwick, Enock, cloth dresser, Low Fold, Sheep- 

scar, Road 

Harland, Thomas, taylor, Woodhouse 
Hay, Mark, shoemaker, Burley Bar 
Harrison, John, hair-dresser, Boar-lane 
Harrison, - , St. Peter's Square 
Hargreaves, Wm. and Richard, joiners besides the 

Mixed Cloth Hall 

Hague, George, stuff merchant, Bank 
Hague, -- , merchant, Park-lane 
Hartley, Green and Go's Pottery, near Leeds 
Harrison, J. woolstapler, Water-lane, c. 
Halton, - , woolstapler, Lower-head Row 
Hartley, David, woolstapler, besides White Cloth 

Hall 

Hall, T. innkeeper, Star and Garter, Call-lane v. 
Harrison, Robert, woolstapler, Call-lane 
Hays, John, pipe-maker, Bank 
Hays, John, muslin seller, Market-place 
Hartley, - , shoemaker, Calls 
Harrison, T. Briggate, No. u, v. 
Harland, Thomas, Meadow-lane, v. 
Hardwick, -- , v. 
Hardisty, Robert, v. 
Hall, H. Kirkgate, Lieutenant in the Volun- 

teers 
Hetherington, John, shoemaker, Lower-head 

Row 

C2 



2& LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Heptonstall, , cheese and bacon factor, 

Vicar-lane 

Heath, Ambrose, paper warehouse, Vicar-lane 
Heaps, Christ, plumber and glazier, Kirkgate 
Heaps, Ab. confectioner, Kirkgate 
Heaton, Joseph, taylor, Simpson's Fold 
Hepworth, John, innkeeper, Old George, Meadow- 
lane 

Hebblethwaite, John, merchant, Woodhouse-lane 
Hebden, Lieut Long Bauk-lane 
Hebblethwaite, Thomas, cloth maker,Woodhouse 
Hebblethwaite, Robert, cloth maker, Woodhouse 
Hett, Wm. woolstapler, Albion Street 
Hebdon, Wm. merchant, Castleton House, v. 
Heaton, John, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 
Heath, J. innkeeper, St James's Street, v. 
Hey, Wm. Albion Street, v. 
Heaps and Maltby, plumbers and glaziers, Kirk- 
gate 

Hillingworth, John, muslin dealer, Vicar-lane 
Hirst, Sam. watchmaker, silversmith, hardware 

and toy man, Market Place 
Hick, Wm. shoemaker, Briggate 
Hick, John, tinplate worker, Bridge End 
Hick Joseph, tobacconist, Briggate No. 18, v 
Hindle, Joseph, innkeeper, Rose and Crown, Mar- 
ket Place 

Hinchclif, , tobacconist, back of the Shambles 

Hick, J. innkeeper, Old King's Arms, Briggate 
Hindle, J. jun. innkeeper, Black Swan, Vicar- 
lane, v. 

Hill, Thomas, wharfinger, Simpson's Fold 
Hill, Thomas, Meadow-lane, v. 
Hill, Thomas, and Sons, merchants, Meadow-lane 
Hinchcliff, John, coach maker, Albion Street, v. 

Hirst, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 



Hirst, James, corn factor, Warehouse Hill, c. 

Hill, John, merchant, Meadow-lane, Lieutenant in 
the Volunteers 

Hirst, John, Waterhouse Hill, Serjeant in the Vo- 
lunteers 

Hirst, R. attorney at law, Boar-lane, v. 

Hill, Beverley, Meadow-lane, v. 

Higgins, Henry, cloth glosser, Ebenezer Street, v. 

Holroyd, John, innkeeper, White Cross, Brig- 
gate v. 

Howgrave, John, innkeeper, Elephant and Castle, 
Hunslet-lane, v. 

Hoyle, Wm. taylor, York Street, v. 

Holmes, Charles, innkeeper, Kirkgate, v. 

Holroyd, Samuel, joiner, Meadow-lane, v. 

Hopton, Christ. March-lane, v. 

Hodgson, Wm. Academy, Park Row, 

Hodgson and Co. merchants, Sunny Bank 

Headly, , pawnbroker, Kirkgate 

Hodgson, Rowland, merchant, Little Woodhouse 

Holmes, John, dealer, Bank 

Hodgson, Wm. innkeeper, Royal Sovereign, 
High Causeway 

Hodgson, John, taylor, Sheepscar Road 

Holroyds, John and Joseph, dyers, Sheepscar 
Bridge 

Holmes, Henry, breeches-maker, under the Moot 
Hall 

Holmes, Henry, bookseller, under the Moot Hall 

Hobson, Joseph, innkeeper,Punch Bowl, Meadow- 
lane 

Holroyds, joiners, Meadow-lane 

Hopton, Joseph, merchant, March-lane 

Holmfield, Jos. maltster, Meadow-lane 

Holmes, , rope maker, Bridge End 

Holmes, 

C 3 



30 LEEDS DIRECTORY & C. 

-**-- 

Holmes, Benj. liquor merchants, Simpson's Fold 
Holmes, John, ironmonger, Bridge 
How. Ed. innkeeper, Leopard, Back of Shambles 
Howson, Wm. innkeeper, Swan, Market Place 
Holdgate, Richard, hatter and hair-dresser, Mar- 
ket Place 

Holroyd and Co. porter-dealers, Bnggate 
Holmes, Joseph, grocer, Briggate, No. 13 
Hobson, Ab. linen draper, Briggate, No. 6 
Hodgson, Wm. butcher, Old Shambles 
Holmes, Charles, innkeeper, Smiths' Arms, Kirk- 
gate 

Holt, Samuel, butcher, Old Shambles 
Holdforth, Joseph, upholsterer, Kirkgate 
Hodgson, Thos. Factor, Kirkgate 
Holmes and Macdonald, brokers, Kirkgate 
Hughs, John, farrier, Lower-head, Row 
Hunter, George, butcher, Old Shambles 
Hutcheson, James, carrier, Woodhouse 
Hutcheson, Widow, innkeeper, Willow Tree, 

Timble Bridge 

Hudson, David, innkeeper, Traveller's Inn, March- 
lane 

Hubbard, , merchant, St Peter's Square 

Hunter, , merchant, Sheepscar Road 

I 

Jaques and Co. old brewery, Meadow-lane 

Jackson, , butcher, Old Shambles 

Jackson, Charles, butcher, Old Shambles 

Jaqus, James, draper, Briggate, No. 10 

Jackson, Thomas, patten-maker, Briggate 

Jackson, Wm. Briggate, v. 

Ibbetson, H. Park Row 

Idle, Wm. hair-dresser, Mill-hill 

Jennings, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 3! 



Jennings, , joiner, Vicar-lane, 

Jepson, David, dealer, Quaker Meeting-house 

Jefferson, J. St Peter's Square 

Ikins, Cockell, and Carr, merchants, Park-lane 

Ikin, Thomas, Park Place, No. 13 

Ikin, Jonathan, St. James's Street, 

Inchbald, , Boy and Barrel, Old Shambles 

Inkersley, , hatter, Briggate, 

Ingle, Jos. shoe-maker, Back of the Shambles 

Ingledew, Win. corn factor, Meeting House-lane 

Inman, , dealer, Wood Street 

Joel, Thos. dealer, Kirkgate 

Joy, David, druggist and tea-dealer, Market Place 

Jowits, John. Joseph, and Co. woolstaplers, Huns- 
let-lane 

Jowit, Benj. merchant, Little Woodhouse 

Johnson, Sir Richard, Woodhouse Place 

Johnson, and Son, merchants, Mill Hill 

Johns, John, joiner, Bowman-lane, v. 

Jowett, Thomas, Bank, Trumpeter in the Cavalry 

Johnson, - , corn factor, Calls, v. 

Irelands, George and Edward, hat manufacturers, 
Back of the Shambles 

Ireland, G. Back of Shambles, v. 

Judson, Henry, butcher, Fleet Market 

Jubb, John, mill-wright and machine-maker, Mea- 
dow-lane 

Ivison, Edward, St Peter's Square 

Iveson, J. horse-dealer, Call-lane, v. 

Iveson, L. Ivy Hall, Black Bank 

K 

Kays, Jas. Wm. and Jos. sacking manufacturers, 
Water-lane and Lower-head Row 

Kay, Benj. mercer and woollen -draper, Market 
Place 



32 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Kay, Samuel, hair-dresser, Bridge 

Kent, John, butcher, Old Shambles 

Kemp, Mrs. painter. Briggate 

Kendrew, Jos. stay-maker, Lady-lane 

Kendall, John, cabinet-maker and upholder, Mill- 
Hill 

Kendall, Mrs. St Peter's Square 

Kendall, John, raff-merchant, Bowman-lane 

Kendall Richard, pocket-book maker, St. James's 
Street, r. 

Kenyon, Jas. Esq. Little Woodhouse 

Kellit, , bricklayer, Union Street 

Kettlewell, , St. James's Street 

Keck, Anthony, Basil, Esq. Park Square 

Kendall, John, innkeeper, Star, Kirkgate 

Kendall, Wm. pocket-book maker, St. James's 
Street, v. 

Kitchingman, Jos. shoe-maker, Lower-head Row 

Killerby, Jos. shoe-maker, Kirkgate 

King, John, tea-dealer, and glass and china man, 
Market Place 

Kirby, John, malster, Bowman-lane 

Kirshaw, John, cloth-dresser, Meadow-lane, v. 

Kirshaw, Mrs. Park Place, No. 15 

Kirk, Wm. grocer, Upper-head Row 

Kilby, Shaw, and Naylor, merchants, St Peter's 
Square 

King, Wm. mustard-maker, Union Street 

Kighley, George, merchant, Briggate 

Kirshaw, Amos, dyer, Nether Mills 

Kitchingman, James, Agent to Sun Fire Office 
Boar-lane, v. 

Kitchingman, J. v. 

Kirshaw, Jos. painter, Briggate, v. 

Kirshaw, James, painter, Briggate, v. 

Knowles, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 33 



Knowles, , merchant, c. 

Knowles, A. china and glass man, Briggate 



Land, Phil, liquor merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Lambert, Cha. butcher, Kirkgate 

Lawson, , merchant, Woodhouse-lane, v. 

Laycock. Jos. cloth-dresser, Sheepscar Road 
Lapage, S. Long Bauk Lane 
Lapage, S. jun. Long Bauk Lane 
Lawrence, Wm. joiner and cabinet maker, Boar- 
lane, v. 

Lawton, D. musician, St Peter's Square 
Laycock and Pattison, cloth-dressers, Butts Court 
Labron, James, ironmonger, Briggate 
Laycock, John, dealer, besides White Cloth Hall 
Lakeland, Wm. thread-maker, Nether Mills 
Lamb, John. York-lane, Serjeant in the Cavalry 
Leary, Matt, hair-dresser, Briggate 
Lee, John, jun. taylor, Briggate, v. 
Leathly, Wm. grocer, Briggate 
Lee, John, sen. taylor, Briggate 
Lee. James, painter, Briggate 
Lee, Jos. hosier and breeches-maker, Market-place 
Leigh, John, white-smith, White Swan Yard 
Lee, Wm. cloth-dresser, Meadow-lane 
Leach, Jos. tea-dealer, Market Place 
Lee, Jos. saddler, Upper-head Row 
Lee, Rich, and Son, Woodhouse-lane 
Lee, El. innkeeper, Pack Horse, Woodhouse 
Lee, John, white smith, Lands-lane 
Lee, Wm. sheriff's officer, Mill Hill, v. 
Lee, John, merchant, Park Row 

Leathly 



34 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Leathly, J. Hunslet-lane 

Liddle and Rogers, cassimere printers, Kirkgate 

Livesey, Thomas, merchant, Little Woodhouse 

Livesley, -- , baker, Square 

Livesley, John, woolstapler, Square, v. 

Livesey, J. cloth-dresser, Sheepscar 

Linsley, J. master of the workhouse, Sheepscar 

Road 

Lion, Jos. woolstapler, Sheepscar Road 
Linley, M. shoe-maker, Woodhouse 
Linley, Wm. wool-stapler, Mill Hill 
Linforth, -- , taylor, Vicar-lane 
Linforth, ---- , innkeeper, Mower, Call-lane 
Livesey, Christ, engraver and copperplate prin- 

ter, Briggate 

Linley, James, tinplate-worker, Briggate 
Linley, John, painter, Bridge End 
Lister, Benj. woolstapler, Meadow-lane 
Lister, Richard, musician, Meadow-lane 
Linsley, Joseph, cloth-maker, Mabgate 
Linley, James, innkeeper, Brown Cow, Meadow- 

lane 

Livesey, Thomas, Spring Fields, Woodhouse 
Littlewood, --- , cloth -dresser, Briggate, v. 
Lloyd, Thomas, Lieut-Colonel Commandant of 

the Volunteers, Horsforth 
Longbottom, J. innkeeper, Malt Mill, Lower-head 

Row 

Lowry, Thomas, shoe-maker, Meadow-lane 
Lonsdale, James, haberdasher, Market Place 
Lockwood, Wm. shoe-maker, Kirkgate 
Loftus, John, gardener, Briggate 
Lockwood, Tempest, shoe-maker, Briggate 
Lockwood, John, innkeeper, Old Ball, Meadow- 

lane 

Lockwood, 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 35 

-**sW~ 

I Lock wood, Matt, confectioner, Upper-head Row 

Long, ,dealer, Upper-head Row 

Lobley, Thomas, stay-maker, Bank 
Lobley, , horse-sheet and coverlid manu- 
facturer, Bank 

Lucas, John, taylor, Lower-head Row 
Lucas, James, grocer, Lower-head Row 
|:Lumley, Wm. dyer, School Close 
jLupton, Arthur, merchant, Sheepscar Road 
ILupton, Jon. oil and mustard manufacturer, 

Sheepscar 

'Lupton, Mellin, and Sharpe, merchants, Sheepscar 
j Road 

Lucas, John, stone merchant, Woodhouse Carr 

Lucas, , St Peter's Square 

Lupton, Mrs. St. Peter's Square 
Lumby, paper stainer, St. Peter's Square 
Lucas, James, pawnbroker, March-lane 
Lucas, James, bricklayer, Union Street 
Lumb, S, Woodhouse-lane, v. 

M 

Mallerie, Thomas, butcher, Market Place 
Masterman, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Maquire, Francis, innkeeper, Fleece, Briggate, v. 
Marshal], J. hosier, Briggate 
Mac Gowan, T. and W. linen-drapers and tea- 
dealers, Back of the Shambles 

Mann, , shoe-maker, Back of the Shambles 

Mac Gowan, Wm. tea-dealer, Hunslet-lane 
Marchland, John, dealer, Hunslet-lane 
Mathers, B. merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Marsden, Wm. merchant, Meadow-lane 
Maud, James, taylor, Upper-head Row, v. 
Marriot, T. washing machine-maker, Lady-lane 

Marson 



36 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Marson, James, joiner Burley Bar 

Markland, Ed. liquor-merchant, South Parade 

Mathewman, Richard, Park Row 

Marshall, John, Mill Hill, v. 

Matthew, Williamson, innkeeper, Bishop Blaze, 

March-lane 

Maude and Bade, rag-merchants, Kirkgate 
Marshall and Benyons, canvas and linen yarn fac- 

tory, Water-lane 

Machell, Wm. merchant, St. James's Street, v. 
Maud, Wm. Jun, Kirkgate, c. 
Mathewman, Thomas, merchant, Park Row, v. 
Massey, Wm. Lands-lane, v. 
Mason, Thomas, Lower-head Row, v. 
Markland, -- , South Parade, v. 
Mellon, - , Sheepscar Road, Serjeant in the 

Volunteers 

Medley, Jos. oil-man, Chapeltown, v. 
Miers, Samuel, painter, Vicar-lane 
Michel, Mary, dealer, Kirkgate 
Milnes, John, dealer, Kirkgate 
Milnes, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Micklethwait, Richard, grocer, Bridge 
Mills, Jos. stuff merchant, Simpson's-fold 
Micklethwaite, John, merchant, Sheepscar Road, c 
Milner, John, smith, Square 
Milner, P. superintendant to the coal-staith, St. 

George's Street 

Miller, -- , wood turner, Bank 
Milner, Wm. white-smith and spindle turner, 

Nether Mills 

Micklethwaite, T. merchant, Sheepscar Road, c. 
Midgley, - , glazier, Grey Walk, v. 
Milner, -- , Hunslet, v. 
Morris, Wm, New Street, v. 
Motley, James, wool-stapler, Kirkgate 

Morris 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 37 



Morris, Wm. New Street, v. 
Motley, James, woolstapler, Kirkgate, v. 
Morris, Job. shoe-maker, Kirkgate 
Mountain, Richard, cabinet-maker, Kirkgate 
Mountain, Peter, cabinet-maker, Kirkgate, v. 
Moxon, Jos. sen. Golden Fleece, Meadow-lane 
Moxon, Jos. cloth-dresser, Meadow-lane, v. 
Moxon, John, carver and gilder, Sheepscar Road 
Moss, Isaac, agent to the Leeds and Liverpool 

Canal, Warings Row 
Morrison, Wm. sadler and truss-maker, Sheepscar 

Road 

Moorhouse, Thos. cloth-dresser, Low-fold, Sheeps- 
car Road 

Moore and Pickersgill, tow-spinners, Nether Mills 
Moore, Joseph, Lands-lane 
Moorhouse, T. dresser, Park-lane 
Moyser, Sam. horse-dealer, Simpson's-fold 
Musgrave, John, innkeeper, Duke of York, Vicar- 
lane 

Musgrave, T. corn-factor, Kirkgate 
Murgatroyd, Sam. merchant, Red Hall Yard 
Musgrave, Eli. merchant, Sheepscar Road, c. 
Musgrave, Mrs. Musgrave's-fold, Bank 
Murgatroyd, John, Briggate, v. 

Myers, , confectioner, Boar-lane 

Myers, John, grocer, Bridge End 

N 

Nash, Henry, smith and farrier, Union Street, v. 
Naylor, Joseph, oil merchant, Simpson's-fold 
Naylor, Wm. merchant, Meadow-lane 
Naylor, Jas. hair-dresser, Hunslet-lane 

Naylor, , stay-maker, March-lane 

Newsom Absalom, bookseller, Market Place 
D 



38 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Newsome, John, chymist, druggist, and tea-dealer, 

Briggate 

Newsome, L. St. James's Street 
Newsome, Joseph, Providence Row 
Nelson, Clement, butcher, Old Shambles 
Nelson, Holmes, and Co. woolstaplers, Call-lane 
Nelson, Joseph, drawing-master, Call-lane, v. 
Needham, James, hair-dresser, Upper-head Row 
Nelson, Benson, merchant, Bowman-lane, Ser- 
jeant in the Volunteers 

Nelson, J. taylor, Bell and Bull Yard, Briggate 
Nelson, James, taylor, Union Street 
Nevins, and Gatcliffs, merchants, Hunslet-lane 
Nichols, James, hair-dresser, Lower-head Row 
Nichols, John, hair-dresser, Fleet Market 
Nichols, Wm. butcher, Old Shambles 
Nichols's, bookbinders, Market Place j -i 
Nichols, I. Woodhouse-lane, v. 
Nixon, John, merchant, Simpson's-fold 
Nicholson, Lucas, Woodhouse Bar 
Nichols Mrs. mantua-maker, 
Nicholson, James, Little Woodhouse, c t 
Nicholson, John, Knostrop, c. 
Nichols, John, baker, Kirkgate, v. 
Norfolk, Joseph, butcher, Old Shambles 
Noble, Thomas, cloth-dresser, Hunslet-lane 
North, Eliz. grocer, Woodhouse 
Nelson, Miss. St. Peter's Square 
Nichols, Wm. New Street 

O 

Oastler, Robert, merchant, Upper-head Row 
Oastler, R. R. and J. Kirkgate 
Oates and Kighley, merchants, Briggate 
Oates, Fred, merchant, Little Woodhouse 
Oates, Josiah, Boar-lane 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 39 



Gates, Sam, Sons, and Co. merchants, Boar-lane 

Gates and Anson, dry-salters, Kirkgate 

Gates, George, Park Place 

Gates, Joseph, Low Hall 

Gates, Edward, Park-lane, c. 

G'Conner, Alex, cloth-dresser, Hunslet 

Oddy, John, woolstapler, Simpson's-fold 

Ogle, -- , grocer, Back of Shambles 

Ogden, Jos, Holbeck, v. 

Oldfield, -- , maltster, Meadow-lane 

Orton, Griffin, woolstapler, Sheepscar Bridge 

Osburn, Wm. liquor-merchant, Swan Yard, Mar- 

ket Place 

Osmond, -- , teacher of languages, Boar-lane 
Osburn and Cottam, merchants, Land's-lane 
Othick, Edward, jun. Briggate, v. 
Overend, Wm. grocer, Lower-head Row 
Oxley, John, innkeeper, Ship, Back of Shambles 



Parker, Thomas, innkeeper, Scarbro' Castle, 

Vicar-lane 
Parkinson, Abraham, and Co. liquor-merchants, 

Briggate 

Patchett, Jonathan, hat-manufacturer, Bridge 
Parker, Joseph, merchant, North Hall 
Parker and Hebden, merchants, Park Row 
Parker, Joseph, Park Square 
Parish, John, plumber and glazier, Lady-lane 

Parker, , Park Row, No. 10 

Parker, John, merchant and commission-man, 

Park-lane, v. 

Paley, Richard, soap-boiler, Old Church-yard 
Parker, Wm. 

Da 



40 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Paley, G. St. Peter's Church Yard, c. 

Payton, J. corn-factor, &c. Back-lane 

Parker, John, jun. Hunslet, v. 

Pattison, Thomas, Back of Shambles 

Peacock, John, grocer, and dealer in pots, Lower- 
head Row 

Penny, Joseph, baker, Kirkgate 

Pemberton, John, pocket-book-maker, Briggate 

Pemberton, Geo. taylor, Briggate 

Pearson, Mr. Park Row, No. 2 

Peacock, , woolstapler, Call-lane 

Pease, E. woolstapler, Call-lane 

Pearson, , rope-maker, Kirkgate 

Peel, , joiner, Vicar-lane 

Phillips, John, breeches maker, Market Place, v. 

Phillips, Gates, and Co. merchants, Park-lane 

Pickersgill and Anderson's Waggon Warehouse, 
Vicar-lane 

Pickering, Wm. merchant, Meadow-lane 

Pickering, Gamble, and Buckton, merchants, 
Meadow-lane 

Pickerings, R. and H. paper-stainers, St. Peter's 
Square 

Pickles, Waddington, stuff-manufacturer, Bank 

Pickering, Robert, , v. 

Pickering, Rob. paper-stainer, Pontefract-lane, v. 

Plowman and Hargreaves, paper-stainers, Land's- 
lane 

Plint, Thomas, mercer, Briggate 

Plowes, J. Park Row, No. 20 

Powell, Henry, bricklayer, Kirkgate 

Powell, Edward, butcher, Old Shambles 

Porter, Eliz. glover, Briggate 

Poe, Isaac, cloth-dresser, Meadow-lane 

Pollard, Joseph, merchant, Meadow-lane 

Pontey, Alex, gardener, Upper-head Row 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 4! 



Powell, Wm. merchant, Upper-head Row 
Poskett, J. plumber and glazier, Mill Hill 
Potgeisser, Wm. Park House, v. 
Porter, E. music and musical instrument seller, 

Lower-head Row 

Predam, S. tobacconist, Lower-head Row, No. i v. 
Prince, George, roper, Kirkgate 
Pretious, Wm. tinplate-worker, Kirkgate, v. 
Pryor, Nat. silver smith and watch-maker, Brig- 

gate 

Prince, Edward, merchant, Meadow-lane 
Prince, Duke, cheesemonger, Upper-head Row 
Prince, Wm. dealer in hats, Upper-head Row, v. 
Priestley, Luke, Woodhouse Bar 
Prest and Brown, merchants, Sheepscar Road 
Priestley, James, dealer, Land's-lane 
Prest, - , Low-fold, Sheepscar Road, v. 
Priestley, Sam, woolstapler, Woodhouse 
Priestley, Sam, merchant, Butt's Court 
Priestley, Gatcliff, and Pullan, merchants, Park- 

lane 

Proctor, Miics, dealer, Bank 
Priestley, George, woolstapler, Call-lane 
Proctor, - , white-smith, St. George's Street 
Prest, Wm. - , v. 
Pullan, Benj. oil-man, Woodhouse Bar 
Pullan, - , Park Square 
Purdy, - , oval and round turner, Call-lane 
Pullan, Richard, South Parade, Captain in rhe 

Volunteers 



42 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



R 

Rawlin, Benj. taylor, Lower-head Row 
Ratcliffe, Benj. sadler, Lower-head Row 
Rathmeli and Hargreaves, paper-stainers, Kirk- 
gate 

Rayson, George, chymist and druggist, Briggate 
Radfords, watch-makers, goldsmiths, and jewellers 

Market Place 

Ratcliffe, Wm. butcher, Old Shambles 
Rathmeli and Co. painters, Briggate 
Randal aad Co. grocers, Briggate 
Raw, J. gardener, Bridge End 
Randal, Widow, tinner, Briggate 
Randerson, John, sadler, Back of Shambles 
Rainsbreck, Eliz. innkeeper, Cock and Bottle, 

Upper-head Row 

Rawson and Thackray, merchants, Park Row 
Raistrick, Ab. publican, Sheepscar Road 
Ratcliffes James and Charles, whitesmiths, Sheeps- 
car Road 

Rathmel, Henry, smith, Woodhouse 
Rain, John, corn-factor, Mill Hill 
Rathmeli, Wm. paper-stainer, St. Peter's Square 
Ray, John, Woodhouse-lane 
Rayner, John, merchant, Shillito's Farm 
Randal, J. Briggate, v. 

Reynolds John, cooper and porter-dealer, Briggate 
Reynolds, Henry, plumber and glazier, Briggate 

Reynolds, , ironmonger, Briggate 

Reader, Mark, bricklayer, Green Court 
Reinhardt, Widow, chymist, Back of Shambles 
Render, John, woolstapler, Bridge End 
Redman, , school-mistress, Low-fold, Sheeps- 
car Road 
Reed and Walker, drysalters, Boar-lant 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 43 



Reeves, Ed. linen-draper, Back of Shambles, c. 

Reed, Thomas, , c. 

Rhodes, , innkeeper Lion and Lamb 

Rhodes, Robert, mason, Kirkgate 

Rhodes, , post-master, Boar-lane v. 

Rhodes, VVm. dealer, Hunslet-lane 

Rhodes, Jer. and Abr. merchants, Woodhouse- 
lane 

Rhodes, Matthew, Long Bauk-lane 

Rhodes, Peter and James, leather-dressers, Nether 
Mills 

Rhodes, J\ woolstapler, near the White Cloth 
Hall 

Rhodes, Peter, Bank, c. 

Rhodes, James, Captain of the Leeds Cavalry 

Rhodes, Jer. , v. 

Render, Sam, butcher, Fleet Market 

Rushworth, John, butcher, Old Shambles 

Rinder, John, butcher, Old Shambles 

Rinder, Henry, butcher, Fleet Market 

Richardson, Rich, shoe-maker, Briggate 

Richardson, Mrs. innkeeper, Bell and Bull, Brig- 
gate 

Ripley, John, linen-draper, Briggate 

Ripley, John, dealer, Back of the Shambles 

Rider, Mat cloth-maker, Mabgate 

Rider, David, Mabgate 

Richardson, Mrs. stone-merchant, Woodhouse 

Ridsdall, Francis, No. 16, Park Place 

Ridsdale, Mrs. Park Row 

Richardson, Mrs. Park Row 

Rider and Robson, woolstaplers, Albion Street 

Richardson, John, smith, Lady-lane 

Ridsdale and Hamilton, St. Paul's Church Yard 

Richardson, J. currier, Call-lane 

Rider, Robert, 



44 LEEDS DIRECTOR V, &c 

Richardson, James, 
Richardson, John, 



Ridsdale, Fr. Park Place, Lieut- Adjutant in the 

Leeds Volunteers 
Robinson, Mary, bookseller, Old Library, Kirk- 

gate 

Robinson John and Son, hosiers, Briggate 
Rothery, Joseph, woolstapler, Bowman-lane 
Robinson, -- , sadler, Upper-head Row 
Robinson, Wm. merchant, Jacob's Well, Long 

Bauk-lane 

Robinson, John, cloth-maker, Woodhouse 
Roper and Cookson, merchants, St. Peter's Square 
Ropers, Miss. St. Peter's Square 
Routh, Chris. St. Peter's Square 
Rogers, John, St. James's Street 
Rogers and Liddle, cassimere printers, Mill Garth 
Robinson and Co. Cotton-Twist-Factory 
Rogers and Nelson, whitesmiths, Briggate 
Robinson, Thomas, -- , v. 
Robinson, --- , --- , v. 
Rowan, James, woolstapler, St. James's Street 
Rogers, James, innkeeper, Vicar-lane, Serjeant in 

the Volunteers 

Robinson, Sam. brazier, Briggate 
Robinson, John, painter, Ley-lands 
Russom, Edward, Serjeant in the Cavalry 
Rushworth, J. ---- , 
Runder, Sam. butcher, Fleet Market 
Rymmgton, Isaac, c. 
Rymington, David, Park Square, Cornet in the 

Cavalry 



LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 45 



Sawyer, Matthew, butcher, Old Shambles 
Saltmer, George, cheesemonger, Briggate 

Sawyer, , watchmaker, Back of Shambles 

Saville, John, shoe-maker, Bridge 
Sawyer, George, common brewer, Sheepscar 
Sawyer & Kettlewell, merchants, Woodhouse-lane 
Sayner, Wm. and Sons, dyers, Grosvenor Square 
Sanderson, Tenant, and Co. merchants, Albion 

Street 

Scott, Christopher, butcher, Old Shambles 
Scott, Thomas, liquor-merchant, Simpson's-fold 
Sculthorpe, John, bricklayer, Bowman-lane 
Scales, Thomas, innkeeper, Haunch of Venison, 

Upper-head Row 
Scott, Dr. Woodhouse Hall 
Scaley, S. Park Row 

Scaley, Richard, liquor-merchant, Mill Hill 
Scarf, Sam. stuff-maker, Bank 
Scurr, Robert, Sheepscar Road 

Scott, , corn-factor, Upper-head Row 

Senton, Thomas, joiner, Vicar-lane 
Sedgwick, Thomas, butcher, Old Shambles 
Servant, Wm. baker, Boar-lane 
Simms, and Bickerdyke, pipe-makers, Calls 

Sewell, John, , v. 

Settle, James, machine-maker, Land's-lane, v. 
Shirt lif, and Teal, surgeons, Kirkgate 
Sherbrook, Thomas, linen-draper, Briggate 
Shaw, George and Jos. ironmongers, Market- 
place 
Shaw, James, Grocer and umbrella-maker, Market 

Place 

Shearer, George, breeches-maker, Bridge End 
Shann, Thomas, cloth-dresser, Meadow-lane 



46 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Shepherd, Wm. roper, Meadow-lane 
Shepherd and Rhodes, merchants, Hunslet-lane 
Shepherd, - , merchant, New Street 
Sheepshanks, Rev. Wm. Rector of St. John's 

Church New Street 
Sheepshanks, Joseph, Sheepscar Road 
Sharpe, Joseph, dyer, Woodhouse Carr 
Shaw, Joseph, Butt's Court 
Shaw, - , innkeeper, Sun, Swmegate 
Shute, Henry, cabinet-maker, St Peter's Square 
Shores, Richard, school-master, March-lane 
Shillito, - , Call-lane 
Sharpe, F, W. merchant, Sheepscar Road, v. 
Shirtliff, Matthew, Kirkgate, c. 
Shepherd, John, - , c. 
Simpson, Sam, painter, Lower-head Row 
Simpson, - , woolstapler, Briggate 
Simms and Sykes, liquor-merchants, Bridge 
Simms, - , Boar-lane 
Siggston, Miss, boarding-school, Mill Hill 
Simpson, - , dealer, Call-lane 
Singleton, John, upholder, Mill Hill 
Sisson, Wood, and Co. merchants, Park-lane 
Simpson, -- , -- , v. 
Sheltons, - , maltsters, Navigation Ware- 

house 

Skelton, J. hair-dresser, Briggate 
Skelton, John, attorney, Serjeant in the Volun- 

teers 

Slee, John, staymaker, Lower-head Row 
Smith, Robert, iron-founder, Vicar-lane 
Smith, Joseph, grocer, Briggate 
Smith, John, butcher, Fleet Market 
Smith, John and Son, merchants, Kirkgate 
Smith, James, butcher, Old Shambles 
Smallpage and Randall, woollen-drapers, Briggate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 47 



Smith, - , Park Square 

Smith, Wm. merchant, Simpson's-fold 

Smithson, Rayner, and Richie, merchants, Mea- 

dow-lane 

Smithson, Wm. -- , Meadow-lane 
Smith, Christ, cooper, Upper-head Row 
Smallpage, Benj. drawer, Land's-lane 
Smithies, L. Sheepscar Hall 
Smith, John, cloth-maker, Woodhouse 
Smithies, Hinchcliff, and Powell, merchants, 

Albion Street 

Smith, - , Park Place, No. 8 
Smithies and Temple, merchants, Park Row 
Smith, -- , painter, Old Church Yard 
Smith, D. St. James's Street 
Smithson, John, hair-dresser, Holbeck-lane 
Smithson, Gilbert, -- , 
Smith, Thomas, hair-dresser, Call-lane 
Smith, Christ, merchant, Kirkgate, v. 
Smithson, Henry, --- , 
Smith, Thomas, -- 
Smithies, Joseph, Butt's Court, v. 
Smith, John, butcher, Fleet Market, v. 
Smith, J. P. --- 

Snowden, Robert, grocer, Market Place 
Spencer, Robert, and Sons, chymists, druggists, 

brandy-merchants, and tea-dealers, Cow 

Market, v. 

Spur, Samuel, dealer, Kirkgate 
Spence, Wm. cabinet-maker, Simpson's-fold 
Soper, John, apothecary, Bridge, v. 
Speight, Mich, attorney at law, Hunslet-lane 
Spence, John, baker, Upper-head Row 
Spence and Coulman, merchants, Park-lane 
Spencer, Wm. linen-draper, Timble Bridge 
Spring, Wm. Albion Street, v. 



48 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



Spencer, -- , druggist, Vicar-lane, v. 
Spencer, Henry, --- _, Serjeant in the Volun- 

teers, Vicar-lane 
Spring, Ed. Albion Street, v. 
Spence, Geo. cabinet-maker, Simpson's-fold, v. 
Squire, John, Bank, v. 
Steers, Sarah, linen-draper, Vicar-lane 
Stallman, Thomas, tinner, Kirkgate 
Stirk, Joshua, woolstapler, Kirkgate, v. 
Stead, Rich, woolstapler, Briggate 
Stanley, John, tobacconist and Grocer, Briggate 
Stocks, John, druggist and chymist, Market Place 
Stocks, Thomas, cabinet-maker, Briggate 
Stead, John, woolstapler, Simpson's-fold 
Stocks, John, rag-merchant, Simpson's-fold 
Stones, John, innkeeper, Eagle and Child, Huns- 

let-lane 

Storrs, Jervas, Quaker-lane 
Stephens, - , shoe-maker, Meadow-lane 
Stead, Wm. shoe-maker, Upper-head Row 
Stead, J. sadler, Upper-head Row 
Storey, Thomas, merchant, Woodhouse Bar 
Sturdy, Wm. merchant, Upper-head Row 
Stephenson, -- , confectioner, Upper-head 

Row 

Stanfield, and Son, merchants. Mill Hill 
Strickland, Jos. innkeeper, Griffin, Mill Hill 
Stonehouse, --- , clock-maker, Timble Bridge 
Standeven, J. innkeeper, Star, Richmond Hill, v 
Sturk. Wm. and Jos. woolstaplers, Call-lane 
Stanfield, David, Mill Hill 
Sutcliff and Robinson's Cotton Factory, Bank 
Sutcliff, Thomas, sizing-boiler, Bank 
Swale, Benj, tinplate-worker, Kirkgate 
Swallow and Wood, glossers, Mill Garth 
Swift, - , schoolmaster, Union Street 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 49 



Sykes, S. liquor-merchant, Briggate 
Sykes, Wm. clock-maker, Meadow-lane, v. 



Taylor, A. tea-dealer, Park Row 

Taylor, Ben. innkeeper, Three Legs, Lower-head 

Row v. 

Talbot, John, grocer and tobacconist, Kirkgate 
Tathams, G. M. and T. mercers, Briggate 

Taylor, , liquor-merchant, Green Court 

Tatham, James, surgeon, Briggate 

Taylor, George, clothes-man, Hunslet-lane 

Tatham, J. schoolmaster, Quaker Meeting House 

Taylor, Wm. confectioner, Upper-head Row 

Towers, Matt, drawer, Sheepscar Road 

Taylor, Jas. Woodhouse 

Tatham, J. dealer, Boar-lane 

Taylor, John, bricklayer, Union Street 

Taylor, T. carver and gilder, White Cloth Hall, v 

Taylor, James, coating glosser, Ebenezer Street, v 

Teal, John, broker, Lower-head Row 

Teal, Wm. butcher, Old Shambles 

Teal, Josh, butcher, Old Shambles 

Teal, Wm. linen-draper, Briggate 

Teal, Matt, mercer, Back of the Shambles, v. 

Teal, Thos. hosier, under Moot Hall, v. 

Tenant, Thcs. Albion Street, v. 

Tenant, Jas. Albion Street, v. 

Teal, Wm. brazier, Back of the Shambles 

Tenants, Thos. Jas. and Co. merchants, Albion 

Street 

Tetley, , liquor-merchant, Mill Hill 

Tenant and Patterson, blanket merchants, Albion 

Street 

Trant, Thos. Briggate, v. 
E 



50 LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 



Temple, Mark, Park Row, v. 
Thackra, Geo. plumber and glazier, Vicar-lane 
Thwaites, Wm. shoe-maker, Kirkgate 
Thornton, Jos. cabinet-maker, Kirkgate 
Thornton, J. turner and screw-cutter, Kirkgate 
Thornton, Thomas, innkeeper, Buck, Kirkgate 
Theaker, J. cabinet-maker, Kirkgate 
Thompson, Richard, Veterinarian doctor, Hunslet- 

lane 

Thorpe, John, joiner, Hunslet-lane 
Thorsby, John, merchant, Hunslet-lane 
Thackra, Wm. dyer, School-close 
Thoresby and Wilkes, merchants, Meadow-lane 
Theaker, Jos. woolstapler, Sheepscar 
Thackra, R. undertaker and clerk of St. John's 

church, Sheepscar Road 
Thompson, - , Park Row 
Thorpe, J. innkeeper, Swan with Two Necks, 

Swinegate 

Thrackra, Wm. dresser, Woodhouse-lane 
Thompson and Lee, merchants, Park-lane 
Thorpe, J. hatter, Briggate 
Tipping, Wm. merchant, St. Peter's Square, v. 
Tilsley, Wm. breeches-maker and hair-dresser, 

Ebenezer Street 

Tidswell, Cousin and Co. merchants, Land's-lane 
Tinsdall, Wm. liquor-merchant, Call-lane 
Tipping, - , Jun. c. 

Tinsdall, -- , shoemaker, Back of the Shambles 
Tipling, Matt, innkeeper, Kirkgate 
Topham, Hannah, broker, Kirkgate 
Townsend, Geo. cabinet-maker, and factor, Kirk- 

gate 

Topham, Mrs. innkeeper, Talbot, Market Place 
Topham, Rich, cloth-dresser, Meadow-lane 
Tolson, Peter, and Sons, merchants, Meadow-lane 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 51 



Turlay, Wilson, Prince, and Co. liquor-mer- 

chants, Park-lane 

Todd, Miss, milliner, Woodhouse Bank 
Tottie, Sam. cloth-maker, Woodhouse 
Townley, J. innkeeper, Rose and Crown, Kirkgate 
Topham, G. Hillhouse Bank, v. 
Topham, Chris, merchant, Hillhouse Bank 
Trant, T. W. and Son, druggists, Briggate 
Tunaley, John, innkeeper, Old Crown, Kirkgate 
Turver, Wm. cooper, Bridge End 
Tuton and Warren, merchants, Land's-lane 
Tuke, hair-dresser, Boar-lane 
Turner, Alex, merchant, Sheepscar Road 

U 

Umpleby, John, joiner and cabinet-maker, Ebe- 

nezer Street 
Upton, G. innkeeper, Bull and Dog, Upper-head 

Row 
Upton, T. E. Woodhouse-lane, Lieutenant in the 

Volunteers 
Urquhart, John, muslin warehouse, Briggate 



Varey, John, poulterer, Lidgate 
Varley, Wm. innkeeper, Malt Shovel, Lower- 
head Row 

Varey, Thos. grocer, Market Place 
Vickers, John, patten maker, Briggate 

W 

Watkinson, Wm. joiner, Marsh-lane, v. 
Walsha, John, stone mason, Woodhouse-lane, z 
Waggitt, John, plaisterer, St. George's Street, i. 

E2 



52 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Ward, Mich, merchant, St. Peter's Square, v. 

Walmsley, Ben. butcher, Fleet Market, v. 

Walker and Nicholson, drysalters, Timble Bridge 

Wasterd, Rich, joiner, St. George's Street, v. 

Wallis, M. taylor, St. Peter's Square, v. 

Wales and Brook, linen drapers, Briggate, No. 5 1 

Walker and Reed, drysalters, Boar-lane 

Waither, Thos. dyer, School Close 

Walker, - , merchant, Woodhouse-lane 

Walton, John, whitesmith, Lady-lane 

Walker, Thos. Park Place, No. n 

Walker, - , cloth-dresser, Mill Hill 

Waring, Mrs. Meadow-lane 

Wadsworth, Thos. dealer, Bank 

Watson, Jacob, cassimere manufacturer, Bank 

Walker, Wm. near Old Church, Serjeant in the 

Volunteers 

Wales, Edward, Briggate, v. 
Watson, Thomas, innkeeper, Vicar-lane, Serjeant 

in the Volunteers 
Ward, John, innkeeper, Briggate 
Wamhouse, -- , merchant, Park-lane 
Walker, John, drysalter, Timble Bridge, c. 
Walker, - , liquor-merchant, Briggate 
Wells, Ab. merchant, Briggate 
Westerman, Wm. Meadow-lane, v. 
Westerman and Dawson, woolstaplers, Call-lane 
Westmorland and Wrigglesworth, joiners, Kirk- 

gate 
Weane, Robert, and Son, raff merchants, Wood- 

house Bar 
West wood, I. cloth-dresser, Low-fold, Sheepscar 

Road 

White, Major, cloth-dresser, Simpson's -fold 
Whitfield and Pearson, wool-staplers, Fleet Mar- 

ket 
Whitehead, Wm. maltster, Kirkgate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, & C. 53 



Whalley, Mrs. tobacconist, Market Place 
Wheelhouse, Mrs. Phoenix Fire Office, Sheepscar 

Road 
Whitehead, Mrs. innkeeper, Malt Shovel, Burley 

Bar 

Whiteleys, Messrs, dyers, Mabgate 
Wainwright, J. Sheepscar Road, v 
Wainwright, Mrs. school-mistress, Boar-lane 
Whittle, John, patten maker, Bridge End 
Wilkes, John, Meadow-lane, Lieutenant in the 

Volunteers 

Wilson, B. innkeeper, Boar-lane, v. 
Wilkinson, J. plumber and glazier, Marsh 

lane, v. 

Wilson, Geo, liquor merchant, Park-lane, v. 
Wilson, Wm. whitesmith, Meadow-lane, v. 

Wilson, R. innkeeper, Saracen's Head, Boar- 
lane, v, 

Wilson, Wm. Park Square 

Wilson, L. merchant, Calls 

Wilkinson, Holdford, and Co.'s Cotton Factory 
Bank 

Wilkinson, , Ossinthorpe Old Hall 

Wilkinson, Thos. pocket-book maker, Kirkgate, v. 

Wilkes, Grafton, Meadow-lane, v. 

Wilkes, Wm. Meadow-lane, v. 

Winter, Messrs, woolstaplers, Call-lane 

Winters, B. and S. merchants, Park-lane 

Windows, Mark, flax-dresser, Holbeck-lane 

Wilkinson, Thomas, liquor-merchanv, Calls 

Williamson, , corn-factor, Call-lane 

Wilson, Jos. hosier, Briggate 

Wilkinson, , cooper, Briggate 

Wilson, John, taylor, Briggate 

Wilson, Wm. linen and woollen-draper, Market 
Place 



54 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Wilson, Rich, taylor, Back of the Shambles 
Wilkinson, John, ironmonger, near the Cross 
Wilson, Nicholas, painter, Green's Court 

Wilson, , surgeon, Simpson's-fold 

Wilkinson, John, woolstapler, Simpson's-fold 
Wilkinson, Geo. Sen. Seven Stars, Simpson's-fold 
Wilkinson, Geo. woolstapler, Simpson's-fold 
Williams, James, merchant, Simpson's-fold 
Wilkes, J. W. Fountain Inn, Bridge End, v. 
Wilson, Wm. butcher, Old Shambles 
Wilson, Rich, butcher, Old Shambles 
Wilson, Matt, butcher, Old Shambles 
Wilson, John, gardener, Briggate 
Willey, John, shoe-maker, Hunslet-lane 
Wilkes, Edward, Hunslet-lane, c. 
Wilson, Wm. shoe-maker, Hunslet-lane 
Wilkes and Shepherd, merchants, Hunslet-lane 
Wilson and Son, buckram manufacturers, Camp 

Hall 

Wild, Wm. dyer, School-close 
Wilkinson and Co. merchants, Meadow-lane 
Willey, B. and J. glaziers, Upper-head Row 
Wilson, Geo. merchant, Jacob's Well, Long-baulk 

Lane 

Wilkinson, Matt, dyer, Quarry Hill 
Wilson, Jos. cloth-maker, Woodhouse 
Wilson, Ben. Park-lane 
Wilson, John, taylor, Boar-lane, v. 

Wilkinson, , Captain in the Volunteers 

Wormald, H. Upper-head Row, Lieutenant in the 

Volunteers 
Wormald, Fountain, and Gott, manufacturers and 

merchants 

Wood, R. innkeeper, Dusty Miller, Swinegate 
Wood, John, merchant, Sheepscar Road 
Wood, Jos, St. Peter's Square 
Wood, J. Fox and Grapes, Kirkgate 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 5$ 



Wood, Wm. Bowman-lane 

Wood, James, shoe-maker, Briggate 

Woodhead, Ben. plumber and glazier, Simpson's- 

fold 

Wood, Rich, turner, Vicar-land, v. 
Wood, Mary, silk dyer, Vicar-lane 
Wood, Jos. attorney at law, Kirkgate 
Wood, Wm. silk dyer, Hunslet-lane 
Wood, - , shoe-maker, Woodhouse Bar 
Wood, J. innkeeper, General Conway, Square, v. 
Woodhead aud Co. joiners, Lady-lane 
Wood, James, turner, Lady-lane 
Wood, Jos. Marquis of Granby, Lady-lane 
Wood, Jos. innkeeper, Blue Bell, Mabgate 
Wood, Wm. joiner, Woodhouse 
Wood, Wm. Jun. joiner, Woodhouse 
Wood, Wm. stone merchant, Woodhouse 
Wormald, Mrs. Burley Bar 
Wormald, Thomas, Burley Bar, v. 
Wood and Cuncliff, spindle-makers, Bank 
Wood, Charles, St. George's Street 
Woodheao, ; ien. joiner, Old Church Yard, v. 
Woodhead, win, woolstapler, Square, v. 
Wray, Luke, dyer, Swinegate, v. 
Wright, Jos. merchant, Mill Hill 
Wright, - , cassimere printer, Boar-lane 
Wright, - , dresser, St. Peter's Square 

Wroe, Thomas, Albion Street 

Wray, Thos. innkeeper, Back of the Shambles, v. 

Wright, - , wheelright, opposite St. James's 
Church 

Wright, Wm. taylor, Call-lane 

Wright, Sam. innkeeper, Horse and Jockey, Brig- 
gate 

Wright, Thomas, printer, New Street End 

Wriggles worth, Jos. grocer, Lower-head-Row 

Wright, Thomas, bookseller, Briggate 



56 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



Wrigglesworth, butcher, Old Shambles 

Wright, John, St. Peter's Square, Lieutenant in 

the Volunteers 
Wright, Jos. innkeeper, Red Lion, Woodhouse- 

lane 

Wright, Thomas, surgeon, Burley Bar 
Wright, Wm. taylor, Top of Market Place, v. 
Wrigglesworth, Thos. St. Peter's Sqnare 
Wriggles worth, Mrs. Far Bank 



York and Sheepshanks, merchants, Sheepscar Road 
Young, John, cloth-dresser, Simpson's-fold 
Yates, Geo. bricklayer, White Horse Yard, Boar- 
lane, v. 



A List of Constables for the Year 1798. 

JOHN FISH, Chief Constable, Kirkgate 
Richard Field, Upper Division, Lowerhead Row 
Christ Ellershaw, Middle Division, Briggate 
Joseph Dixon, Mill-Hill Division, Mill-Hill 
Thomas Wilson, Kirkgate Division, Kirkgate 
Benjamin Dickinson, North-West Division, 

Woodhouse 

John Sayer, North-East Division, Town-End 
Thomas Judson, East Division, Bank 
John Whitaker, South Divison, Meadow-lane 
William Taylor, Beadle, Kirkgate-End 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 57 



THE GENERAL ARRIVAL AND DE- 
PARTURE OF THE POSTS. 

THE North Mail goes out at six o'clock every 
evening, which takes all letters for the East 
and North-Ridings of Yorkshire, the counties of 
Westmoreland, Cumberland, Durham, and Nor- 
thumberland, with all Scotland, the Isle of Mann, ' 
and the North of Ireland ; also all the interme- 
diate towns from Tadcastler to Ware, with all 
Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, (except 
Diss and Harlston, which go by London)and Burrj 
St Edmunds in Suffolk. The same arrives about 
four o'clock every morning, with letters for Lon- 
don and all other parts of the kingdom. 

The Office shuts at half past nine o'clock in the 
evening. 

The London Mail arrives about half past two 
o'clock in ti.-j morning, and the Mail from the 
West about seven o'clock in the evening. 

No letters sent to London on Fridays, nor re- 
ceived from thence on Tuesdays. 

The Packet nights, for all parts of Europe, (ex- 
cept Lisbon, which goes out on Sundays only) Sun- 
days and Wednesdays ; for America the Monday 
proceeding the first Wednesday in every calendar 
month; and for the West-Indies the Mondays 
preceding the first and third Wednesdays in every 
calendar month. 

The Office opens, for the delivery of letters, at 
eight o'clock in winter, and seven in summer: every 
morning ; and the letter carrier begins to deliver 
the letters in the town about the same time, 

COACHES 



58 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C. 



COACHES. 

The South Mail from London arrives at the 
Old King's Arms every morning at three o'clock ; 
and sets off for London every evening at ten 
o'clock. 

A Heavy Coach sets off every day (Sundays ex- 
cepted) from the same place, for Manchester, by 
Huddersfield, at six o'clock in the morning, and 
another returns from Manchester to Leeds at three 
o'clock in the afternoon. 

Another Heavy Coach sets off from the same 
place for Sheffield every day at two o'clock ; and 
one arrives at Leeds from Sheffield at one o'clock 
in the afternoon. 

A Coach sets off every day from the same place 
for York, Hull, &c. at two o'clock in the after- 
noon ; and returns the next morning to Leeds at 
eleven o'clock in the forenoon. 

Another Coach sets off every day from the same 
place, for Newcastle, by Harrogate, &c. at three 
o'clock in the afternoon; and one returns from 
Newcastle, by the same road, every morning at 
three o'clock, 

A Light Coach sets off every morning from Mr. 
Wade's, the Golden Lion, at five o'clock, for Lon- 
don, by Doncaster, &c. and one returns from Lon- 
don every day, to the same place, at six or seven 
o'clock in the evening. 

Another Coach sets off from the same place every 
morning, at six o'clock, for Manchester, by Hali- 
fax, &c. and one arrives from Manchester, at the 
Golden Lion, every evening, at six o'clock, Sun- 
days excepted. 

The 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 59 



The Mail from Liverpool to Hull sets off every 
morning from the Rose and Crown, for Liverpool, 
at four o'clock, by Halifax, Manchester, &c. 

And a Mail from Liverpool arrives at the Rose 
and Crown, every evening at six o'clock ; and pro- 
ceeds to York the same evening, where it arrives 
at half past ten o'clock, and returns to Leeds the 
next morning at four o'clock, on its way to Liver- 
pool, 

A Heavy Coach sets off every day, alternately, 
from the Rose and Crown and the Golden Lion, 
(Sundays excepted)for York; and returns the same 
evening about seven o'clock. 



WAGGONS. 

JACKSON, WILLAN, and CO's Warehouse, 
White Horse, Boar- Lane. 

A Waggon sets out for London every day, to 
the Bull and Mouth Inn, Bull and Mouth- 
Street ; from which place a Waggon likewise sets 
out, on return to Leeds, every day. 

A Waggon sets out from the same Warehouse 
every day (Sundays excepted) for York, returning 

to Leeds again the day following. Proprietor, 

John Hartley, Tadcaster. 

A Waggon sets out for Liverpool, from the same 

Warehouse, every Wednesday. Proprietor, 

John Hargreaves. 

PICKERSGILL and ANDERTON's Warehouse 
Vicar-Lane. 

A Waggon sets out every Friday, for Carlisle, 
by way of Kendal. 



6o LEEDS DIRECTORY & C. 



A Waggon sets out every Monday, Thursday, 
and Saturday, for Newcastle, where they arrive on 
the Thursday, Saturday, and Tuesday following, 
forwarding goods to any part of Scotland, &c. 

A Waggon sets out every Friday, for Bewdley, 
hrough Sheffield, Walsall, Wolverhampton, &c. 
gets in on Saturdry. 

A Waggon sets out every Wednesday and Sa- 
turday, for Birmingham, tiirough Sheffield, Der- 
by and Litchfield ; arrives at Birmingham on 
Tuesday and Friday. 

WAGGON WAREHOUSE, Call-lane. 

John Booth's Waggon sets out for Huddersfield, 
every day, (Sundays excepted) returning to Leeds 
at eight o'clock next morning. 

R. Sweeting's Waggon lets out for Stockton, 
Stokesly, Gisbro' Yarm, Thirsk, &c. every Tues- 
day noon, arriving at Stockton the Friday follow- 
ing. 

Thomas Hadfield's Waggon sets out every Sa- 
turday, through Godmanchester, Cambridge, and 
Bury, to Norwich ; he likewise forwards goods, 
three days a week, to Grantham, Stamford, &c. 

Thomas Barton's Waggon sets out every Tues- 
day, to Selby, and all places adjacent. 

WELSH'S Warehouse, Land's-lane. 

A Waggon sets out every Monday and Satur- 
day, to Edinburgh and Glasgow, through Barnard- 
castle, Bowes, Brough, Appleby, Penrith, and Car- 
lisle. 

A Waggon sets out every Monday and Satur- 
day, through Boroughbridge, Northallerton, Dar- 
lington, and Durham, to Newcastle upon Tyne ; 

and 



LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 6l 



and arrives their every Wednesday and Friday 
Morning. 

A Waggon sets out, to Manchester, every Mon- 
day, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday ; and to 
York, every Tuesday and Friday Noon. 



R. SAMPSON'S Warehouse, Land's-lane. 

A Waggon sets out for Sheffield, Chesterfield, 
Mansfield, and Nottingham, every Monday, Tues- 
day, and Saturday. 

A Waggon sets out, from the same place, for 
Ripley, Ripon, Paitley-Bridge, &c. every Tuesday 
and Friday. 

A Waggon sets out, as above for Masham, 
Coverdale, &c. every Friday. 

A Waggon sets out, for Knaresbrough, &c, 
every Tuesday and Thursday. 

A Waggon sets out, for Rochdale. &c. every 
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. 

A Waggon sets out for Halifax, &c. every 
Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. 

A Waggon sets out for Skipton, Lancaster, &c. 
every Friday. 



VFSSELS 



62 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 



VESSELS. 
In the River Trade to and from Leeds. 



HHHE Undertakers of the Aire and Calder Nav- 
I gation, at their warehouses below the bridge, 
load sloops for Hull with merchandize, &c. every 
Thursday and Saturday evening, or oftener, as 
business may demand, having about 20 sloops em- 
ployed between this place and Hull, some of which 

are always laid on to receive goods at Hull. 

Messrs. Martin and Rooth, Agents, Hull. 

Richard Clark's contract, himself agent at Leeds, 
and Samuel South, agent Hull, 8 vessels. 

Besides which they have upwards of thirty boats 
employed (between Leeds, Wakefield, and Selby) 
in taking and bringing groceries, merchandize, &c. 
from two contracts of ships that trade between 
there and London, viz. 

Halifax, Samuel Staniland, Captain. 

Grocer, Stephen Staniland, ditto. 

Calder, John Aaron, ditto. 

Leeds Packet, Robert Purvis, ditto. 

Hebble, John Ellis, ditto. 

Ocean, Jonathan Staniland, ditto. 

James, Mark Dolphin, ditto. 

Staines, Joseph Dean, ditto. 
Mr. John Brown, agent, Stanton's Wharf, London. 
Mr. John Fisher, agent, Selby. 

Rochdale, Samuel Megget, Captain. 

Commerce, Thomas Winter, ditto. 

Salter, Henry Popplewell, ditto. 

Grasshopper, George Cambridge, ditto. 

Lady 



LEEDS DIRECTORY &C. 63 



Lady Milner, Thomas Megget, ditto. 
Manchester, Samuel Bramley, ditto. 
Deborah, Stephen Staniland, ditto. 

Mr. John Perkins, agent, Gun and Shot Wharf, 
London. 

Mr. John Fisher, agent, Selby. 

George Mills' contract, himself agent, Hull, 5 
vessels. 

Fletchers and Co.'s contract,himselfagent,Leeds , 
and Thomas Martinson, agent, Hull, 6 vessels. 

Gainsbro 1 Contract. 

Sally, Thomas Lucas, Good Intent, Thomas 

Cammomile. HarvestHome, Joseph Sharpe. 

Swann, John Pennington. SwallowJohnShilleto. 

One of which is always laid on at Gainsbro',and 
another at Leeds. 

Agents, John Hall, Gainsbro'. 
Thomas Hill, Leeds. 

G. Capes has a number of vessels employed be- 
tween Gainsbro' and Leeds, principally in the wool 
and coal trade, himself agent at Gainsbro'. 

A number of vessels employed between Malton, 
Leeds, and Wakefield, in corn, coals, and wool, 
&c. Owners, Messrs. Fentons, agent at Malton ; 
Messrs. Fentons, clerk. 

York Packet. William Gawthorn, master, em- 
ployed between Leeds and York. Michell Ellis 

at the Old Crane, agent. 

Contract vessels. Employed between Lincoln 
and Leeds. Eastland and Hall, owners and agents, 
Lincoln. 

Contract, ditto ditto. Thomas Greaves, owner 
and agent, Lincoln. 



64 LEEDS DIRECTORY, &C 

-frfcs**- 

Mr Neive, of Louth, agent and owner of vessels 
trading from Louth to Leeds. 

Mr Nell, of Grimsby, agent and owner of vessels 
trading from Grimsby to Leeds. 

Upon the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. 

The Union Company have employed upon the 
canal about 20 vessels, some of which are always 
laid on to convey goods to all parts of the west of 
Yorkshire, Lancashire, Westmoreland, &c. &c. 
Thomas Hill, agent, Leeds ; Webster Fishwick, 
Burnley ; and John Mawson, Skigton. 

Nichols, Scott, and Co. convey goods between 
Leeds and Bradford, and have Vessels always laid 
on. Mr. Scott, agent, Leeds, ; James Nichols, 
agent, Bradford. 



HISTORY OF 
KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 



CHAP. I. 

Historical Sketch of the Monastic Institutions 
formerly ez .sting in England. 

THE first institution of Monasteries in this 
country appears to have been about the 
middle of the sixth century ; at which period a 
considerable number were founded, particularly 
in the Northern districts; but were almost entirely 
destroyed by the Norway invaders, about the year 
867; and were not renewed again till the year 959, 
in the reign of Edgar, surnamed the Peaceful ; 
when some foreign Monks again renewed the 
monastic profession at Durham, York, and Whitby. 
Edgar, with the assistance of St. Dunstan, Arr'i- 
bishop of Canterbury, formed a code of regu-a- 
tions for English Monks. He is said to have 
founded or rebuilt, during his reign, forty-seven 
Monasteries, and caused restitution to be made of 
all the lands formerly belonging to and taken from 
Religious Houses. 

A A 



HISTORY OF 



At the conquest, in 1066, the Monks were 
greatly oppressed and pillaged ; the King seizing 
upon their treasures, deposing their Abbots, forcing 
upon them a new code of regulations, and making 
many arbitrary distinctions, which proved very 
detrimental to the institution. 

These innovations were however stopped by the 
interposition of Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury, who 
composed for them a new ritual, afterwards called 
Missale in usum Samm. 

During this reign, in 1075, the third and last 
regulation of Monks was made by Archbishop 
Lanfranc ; and four or five Priories are said to 
have been built by the King. 

William Rufus succeeding his father, in the 
year 1087, appropriated to himself the revenues 
of vacant Abbeys and Bishopricks ; and though 
the Priories of Armithwaite, in Cumberland, of 
St. Nicholas, in Exeter, and the Hospital of St. 
Leonard, in York, were built and endowed at the 
charge of this Monarch, yet, during his reign, the 
greatest extortions were practiced upon the Monks, 
in various parts of the kingdom. 

Henry the First, who began his reign noo, is 
said to have been a favourer of all Religious Orders. 
Nine or ten Monasteries were founded during his 
reign, and five new Orders brought into England; 
viz: in the first year of it came the Knights 
Hospitalers ; and, about five years after, the Au- 
gustine Canons: towards the year 1128, the Cis- 
tercians, the Canons of the Holy Sepulchre, and 
the Monks of Grandmont. During the thirty-five 
years of this King's reign there were founded 
above one hundred and fifty Religious Houses. 

During the turbulent reign of King Stephen,from 
the year 1135 to that of 1155, there were upwards 

of 



KIRKSTALL ABBE Y. 



of one hundred and thirty Religious Houses built, 
a considerable number of which were royal foun- 
dations. 

In the beginning of this reign the Knights Tem- 
plars were introduced into England ; as were the 
Prasmonstratensians, in the year 1 146 ; and shortly 
after the Gilbertine Order was instituted, in Lin- 
colnshire. 

1155. Henry the Second affected to be a great 
friend to Monastic institutions ; himself founding 
the first Carthusian Monastery in England, besides 
eight others of different Orders. The whole num- 
ber built, or renewed, during his reign, amounted 
to one hundred and sixty-four : and though the 
jealousy of the other Orders had produced (at a 
General Chapter, in 1151) a Canon against insti- 
tuting any more Cistercian Abbeys, yet nineteen 
of the abovementioned were of that Order, and 
there were then in Christendom upwards of five 
hundred ; which afterwards increased so much, 
that, in the year 1250, they amounted to eighteen 
hundred. 

1189. Richard the First is said to have disliked 
the Monastics, and had a moral hatred to the 
Black Monks, Cistercians, and Templars; yet, 
during his reign, there were fifty-seven new foun- 
dations. 

1199. King John, though no friend to Eccle- 
siastics, founded a stately Abbey of Cistercians, at 
Beaulieu, in Hampshire ; and four other Religious 
Houses. During his reign there were founded 
Monasteries, Hospitals, &c. to the number of 
eighty-one. 

1216. In the reign of King Henry the Third, 

the riches, and consequently the power of the 

Ecclesiastics, increased to so alarming a degree, 

A 2 that 



HISTORY OP 



that an Act of Parliament was passed, to restrain 
the superstitious prodigality of the people. At the 
commencement of this reign, the Friars,Preachers, 
and Friar Minors came into England ; and, before 
the end of it, eight sorts of Friars were among us. 

During this long reign there were instituted, of 
Priories, Monasteries, and Hospitals, two hundred 
and ten; several of which were founded by theKing. 

1275. During the reign of Edward the First, 
the former Statute, against the appropriation of 
estates to the Monks, was further strengthened by 
additional Acts ; and the reverence of the people 
for the Monastics was greatly abated, partly from 
the insinuations of the Friars. During this reign, 
Religious Houses, Hospitals, &c. were founded, to 
the number of one hundred and five ; besides a 
large number of Chantries founded for the Secular 
Clergy. Edward, during his war with France, 
siezed all the * Alien Priories, and removed the 
Monks twenty miles from the sea, for fear of their 
connection with his enemies. 

1309. In the nineteen years reign of King 
Edward the Second, Hospitals and Religious 
Houses, to the number of forty-four, were founded. 

In this reign, anno 1312, the Knights Templars 
were seized, their Order dissolved, and their goods 
confiscated : Which property was first taken by 
the King, but afterwards given to the Hospitalers. 

1328. During the fifty one years reign of 
Edward the Third, one of the present Colleges of 
Oxford was founded, besides other Colleges and 
Religious Houses, to the number of seventy-five. 
1378. Richard the Second restored to the 
Monks the estates which had been confiscated by 
his grandfather ; but, during his reign, only twen- 

ty-two 
* Belonging to foreign Monasteries. 



klRKSTALL ABBEY. 



ty-two Religious Houses were built, and none of 
these royal foundation. 

The doctrines of Wickliffe began greatly to pre- 
vail about this time, and the Mendicant Friars, 
in consequence, to loose their reputation. 

1400. King Henry the Fourth, in the fourth 
year of his reign, held a Parliament at Coventry ; 
wherein it was proposed to enact a law to enable 
the King to raise money to carry on a foreign 
war, and defend the realm against the Welch and 
the Scotch, and that the Clergy should be deprived 
of their temporal possessions. But Archbishop 
Arundel representing to the King and Commons 
the impolicy of the measure, and how ready the 
Clergy were, upon all occasions, to assist the Go- 
vernment, with their prayers and purses, and how 
great a number of their tenants assisted in time of 
war, the project was laid aside. It was, however, 
again renewed by the Commons, in 1410, but 
without effect. This Monarch built six Colleges 
and six Hospitals, which were all the Religious 
Houses built in his reign. 

1412. In the second year of the succeeding 
reign of King Henry the Fifth, another attempt 
was made against the revenues of the Church, with 
no better success. But, in a Parliament held the 
same year, at Leicester, all the Alien Priories 
were given to the King ; except such as were Con- 
ventual, or had the liberty of choosing their own 
Prior. - In this reign only two Colleges and 
two Abbeys were founded. 

1422. During the unhappy reign of King 
Henry the Sixth, there were founded thirty-three 
Religious Houses, several of which were founded 
by the King himself. 

1460. In 

AS 



8 HISTORYOF 



1460. In the reign of Edward the Fourth 
there were founded fifteen Religious Houses. 

1485. King Henry the Seventh founded some 
few Houses of Observant Friars, and began the 
Hospital of the Savoy, in London : his mother 
founded Christ's and St. John's Colleges, in Cam- 
bridge. Besides these were founded, in his reign, 
three Hospitals and one College. 

1509. Soon after the accession of King Henry 
the Eighth, the Colleges of Brazen Nose and Cor- 
pus Christi, were founded at Oxford ; and Mag- 
dalene College, in Cambridge ; as also, before the 
dissolution, five Hospitals. The richest Monas- 
teries were founded before the Conquest ; at which 
period there were about one hundred, most of 
which were afterwards refounded. 

Within an hundred and fifty years after the 
Conquest, or before the time of Henry the Third, 
there were founded and refounded four hundred 
and seventy-six Abbeys and Priories ; besides 
eighty-one Alien Priories. 

After that time there were many Chantries, 
Houses of Friars, Hospitals, and Colleges founded ; 
but very few Houses of Monks, Nuns, or Canons. 
" I think (says Tanner, who is closely followed 
" in this account) but one Benedictine House, viz. 
" that of Holand, in Lancashire, after the death 
"of Henry the Third: And $fter the death of 
" King Edward the Third, (which was about one 
" hundred and sixty years before the dissolution) 
" no Monastery, for Monks, or Nuns, or Canons, 
" except Sion, and five Chartreuse Houses." So 
that the nation in general seemed to have lost its 
taste for these kind of institutions long before the 
time of their subversion. 

CHAP, 



K I RKST A LL ABBEY. 



CHAP. II. 

The Legend of Seleth. 

IT was early in the beginning of the eleventh cen- 
tury, in the reign of Henry the First, when 
Philip swayed the sceptre of France, Edgar wore 
the crown of Scotland, and Paschal the Second 
sat on the see of Rome. 

Far removed from the factions of ambition, and 
the dangers of war, Seleth. a poor shepherd, wan- 
dered from his native country of the South, not 
doubting but his steps were directed by a super- 
natural power. For in the visions of his nightly 
slumbers, the holy Virgin appeared unto him, 
saying, " Arise, Seleth, and go into the Province 
" of York, and seek deligently, in the Valley of 
" Aird ,le, for a place called KIRKSTALL; for there 
" shall thou prepare a future habitation for Bre- 
" thren serving my Son. 5; And Seleth trembled 
in his sleep, and was fearfully troubled : But the 
vision continued, " Fear not, Seleth ! I am Mary, 
" the Mother of Jesus, of Nazareth, the Saviour 

" of the world." Upon which he arose, and 

betook himself to travel, in search of Kirkstall, 
living upon charity, and the spontaneous produc- 
tions of the earth ; when, after having escaped 
great dangers and fatigues, he arrived at the en- 
trance of a shady valley, which some herdsman in- 
formed him was the place he was in search of: 
Here he fixed his solitary abode, paying his devo- 
tions to the holy Jesus, and to the blessed Virgin. 

Long was his humble cell revered by the neigh- 
bouring villagers, and visited by the curious, or 

the 



10 

the pious. In times of distress, the intercessions 
of Seleth were resorted to ; and the Hermitage of 
Kirkstall was famed throughout the country. 

The reports of his piety and self-denial reaching 
the ears of some young devotees, Seleth was per- 
suaded by them to accept the office of Superior : 
And their united body was formed into a small 
community, building themselves cellb beside the 
River Aire, and regulating themselves by the rules 
of the Brethren of Lerath, enjoying all things in 
common, and procuring a livelihood by the labour 
of their hands. 



CHAP. III. 

Foundation of the Abbey. 

ABOUT this time Henry de Lacy, Earl of 
Lincoln, suffering under a violent disease, 
and perhaps thinking thereby to make restitution 
for all his sins, engaged himself, by a solemn vow, 
to erect a stately Monastery to the Holy Virgin, 
if he should recover, and again enjoy the blessings 
of health. 

To which end, immediately upon his recovery, 
he sent for the Abbot of Fountain's Abbey, in- 
formed him of his vow, and solemnly, by charter, 
assigned over his town of Bernoldswick, for the 
purpose of erecting and endowing a Monastery. 

This town was held by him of Hugh Bigot, Earl 
of Norfolk, at the yearly rent of five marks, and 
an annual present of a hawk ; which rent he had 

omitted 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. it 



omitted to pay for several years ; but of this the 
Monks were ignorant ; neither did they know that 
his title was any way disputable ; they therefore, 
accepted his gift, and built some small offices for 
their residence, changing the name of the place to 
that of Mount St Mary. At that time Henry 
Murdock formerly a Monk of Fountains, was 
Archbishop of York : he likewise confirmed, by 
the Papal authority, the quiet possession of the 
spot assigned them. And in the year 1 147, Alex- 
ander, Prior of Fountains, brother to Richard, 
Abbot of that place, was elected Abbot-r And on 
the i4th of June, in the same year, accompanied 
by twelve Monks and ten Lay Brothers, set out 
for the new Monastery of Mount St Mary. 

They had not been long in possession of their 
new settlement before a violent dispute arose 
between them and the neighbouring inhabitants. 
The Church of Bernoldswick, which was very 
ancient, had served four villages ; this being occu- 
pied by the Monks, by whom also many of the 
inhabitants had been displaced from their dwel- 
lings, they assembled in the Church, together with 
their Presbyter and Clerk, and greatly disturbed 
and abused the Monks, whom they considered as 
invaders of their property. The Abbot, highly 
incensed, and, as he pretended, to prevent the like 
disturbance again, caused the Church to be pulled 
down to the ground. A complaint against this 
arbitrary proceeding was laid before the Bishop 
and Metropolitan ; but the Monks moving the suit 
to Rome, had interest to procure a determination 
in their favour ; for which the following reasons 
were assigned: That it was conducive to ripening 
the fruits of piety ; and that it was lawful and 
pious to destroy a Church, in order to establish a 

Monastery ; 



HISTORYOF 



Monastery ; the lesser good thereby yielding to 
the greater. 

This suit was scarcely over when the Monks of 
Mount St Mary were afflicted with more heavy 
and grievous misfortunes. The northern coun- 
tries being at that time at war with King Stephen, 
they were frequently plundered by straggling par- 
ties of the armies ; and their fruit and grain were 
likewise destroyed by great rains and the bad- 
ness of the soil. Urged by these evils, and ex- 
hausted by the struggle of six years, the Abbot be- 
gan to think of removing the seat of his Monastery 
to some more safe and fruitful spot. Whilst he 
had this in contemplation, it happened that, tra- 
velling on some business of his house, he passed 
through the rich and peaceful valley of Aire, where 
he met with the humble settlement of Seleth. 

The Abbot learning the particulars of their ori- 
gin and situation, and pleased with the beauty of 
the Vale, the river flowing through it, and the 
conveniency of the wood for building, deemed it a 
proper place for the seating of his Abbey. He 
therefore began gently to admonish the brethren of 
the insufficiency of their present state for the safety 
of their souls ; urging the smallness of their num- 
ber ; that they, being all Laymen, and without a 
Priest, were like sheep without a shepherd ; and 
advising them to adopt some more perfect form of 
religious government : Whereupon several of 
them agreed to become Monks in his Convent ; 
and others, receiving a small sum of money for 
their habitations, departed. 

The Abbot, in the mean time, repaired to Henry 
de Lacy, their Patron, and laid before him the 
present state of there house, their poverty and dis- 
tress ; he acquainted him with the desirable spot 

they 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 1$ 



they had discovered at Kirkstall, and the benefits 
which would accrue to them by their removal thi- 
ther : In which he so well succeeded, that Henry 
de Lacey not only gave him consent to their re- 
moval, but also, by his interest, obtained of William 
de Poitou, the owner of Kirkstall, his grant of that 
place, and its appurtenances, for the translation of 
the Monastery on condition that the Monks 
should pay to him, and his heirs, the annual rent 
of five marks. 

Here the Abbot built a Church, in honour of 
the Blessed Virgin, with some humble offices, ac- 
cording to the custom of the Order, and called the 
Monastery, KIRKSTALL. On the i4th of May, 
1152, in the reign of King Stephen, and Roger 
being Archbishop of York, he brought over his 
Monks from their former House, now converted 
into a Grange. The valley of Aire, though plea- 
sant, abounded only in wood, water, and stone ; 
the soil, at that time, being in a barren, rude, 
uncultivated state. The River parted the lands of 
Wm Poitou from those of William de Ramaville 
the Monks dwelling on the Northern side of the Ri- 
ver, South of which they had no property. But at 
length they extended their territories, from the 
River to the declivity of the hill ; and by their in- 
dustry in clearing and tilling the grounds, rendered 
them fruitful. 

The number of their Monks likewise greatly 
increased ; and their estates, by the prudent ma- 
nagement and attention of the Abbot, were much 
improved and enlarged. 

In all things they were assisted by their Founder, 
Henry de Lacy, who furnished them with provi- 
sions, or advanced them money, as the exigency 
of their affairs required. 

He 



14 II 1STOR Y OF 



He, with his own hands, laid the foundation of 
the Church, which was finished entirely at his 
expence. 

The growing prosperity of this House was, how- 
ever, a little interrupted by Hugh Bigot, Earl of 
Norfolk, who instituted a suit in the King's Courts, 
for his estates of Bernoldswick : trom which, by a 
legal process, the Monks were ejected. 

But the Abbot going to the Earl, threw himself 
at his feet, declared himself ignorant of his claim, 
and implored his mercy ; and by his prayers and 
entreaties obtained a restitution of it, on condition 
of paying the accustomed rent of five marks, or a 
palfry to that value, and also a hawk. 

This rent was afterwards remitted, at the inter- 
cession of King Henry the Second, who persuaded 
the Earl, for the remission of his sins, to bestow it 
on the Abbey ; reserving to himself the above rent 
during life, which, at his death, was to cease. 
The charter was witnessed and confirmed by the 
King. 

This Abbot presided thirty-five years ; during 
which time, the Church and both the Dormitories, 
for Monks and Lay Brothers, the Refectories, 
Cloisters, and Chapter-House, with other offices, 
were built, with stone and wood : He likewise 
made all the offices for their Granges, and disposed 
of all matters, both within and without, most pru- 
dently : preserving the ample woods for future 
exigencies, by cutting elsewhere the wood then used 
for building. 



CHAP. 



KIRK STALL ABBEY. 15 



CHAP. IV. 

Succession of Abbots. 

A LEXANDER was succeeded by Hageth, 
XJL Prior of Fountains ; during whose incum- 
bency, this House was visited with various misfor- 
tunes and troubles. 

Henry the Second, by the advice of his Coun- 
sellors, dispossed them of their Grange of Mickle- 
thwaite, with all the fees of Collingham and Bard- 
sey. The Abbot endeavoured to recover it, both 
by humble solicitations, and by presenting the 
King with the text of the Gospel, and a golden 
chalice; but these not prevailing the Monks blamed 
him for the loss of all. Besides this, a mortality 
raged among the cattle of the Monastery,insomuch 
that they were reduced to great poverty. 

After a long and vain struggle against the evil 
fortune of the House, Hageth at last resigned,leav- 
ing the Monastery in a most deplorable state of 
poverty and debt. And was succeeded by Lam- 
bert j who, during the three years of his reign, 
experienced much trouble and vexation : For Sir 
Richard Bland claiming their Grange, at Clivac- 
tier, and the Abbot finding it his right, resigned it 
to their Patron, Robert de Lacy ; who gave them 
the Village of Akerington, in exchange. 

The Abbot, being possessed of it, removed the 
inhabitants, and converted it into a Grange, for 
the use of the Monastery : But the dispossed inha- 
bitants burnt the Grange, with all its furniture , 
and slew three Lay Brothers, who managed it. 

The 
B 



l6 HISTORY OF 



The Abbot, after he had buried the dead,, re- 
paired again to Robert de Lacy, and with tears 
recommended his case to him ; which that Noble- 
man warmly espousing, would have banished the 
offenders and their families : but they appeasing 
the Abbot, by the most humiliating submission, 
he, with the consent of the Patron, pardoned them, 
on their making satisfaction to God and the Bre- 
thren for this sin ; renouncing all right to the 
Grange, and paying,in money,for the damage they 
had done. The Abbot then rebuilt the Grange, 
and soon after died. 

The next Abbot was Turgesius, a man remarka- 
ble for the gloominess of his devotion, for his ab- 
stinence, and voluntary mortifications of his body; 
for he was always cloathed in sackcloth, never 
wearing more than one cloak and a tunick, even 
in winter, and no socks. He never tasted wine, 
unless no other drink was to be had : Besides which, 
he always wept at his devotions, and often in his 
discourse. He abode here nine years, and retired 
to Fountains ; in which place he soon after died. 

He was succeeded by Heilas, who had been a 
Monk of Rock Abbey. He was an industrious 
man, and well versed in temporal affairs; for 
which knowledge he had sufficient occasion, the 
House being greatly involved in debt. Besides 
which, their Patron, H.deLacy, had taken so great 
an antipathy to him, that he would not suffer him 
to come into his presence. But, by his prudent 
conduct, he not only gained the good opinion of 
De Lacy, but got so far into his favour, that he 
went with him to King John, to petition him to 
restore the Grange of Micklethwaite, which King 
Henry his father had taken from them : But they 
could not obtain it, unless they would take it with 

Collingham 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 17 



Collingham and Bardsey, as a fee farm, at the 
annual rent of 90 1. to which they were obliged to 
consent. 

About this time the Soccage of Adle, and town 
of Alerton; v:z. half a Knight's fee, and some other 
places, were added to this Abbey. But King John 
took away their Grange of Hoton ; and the land 
iit Thorpe he gave to one Laurence, Clerk of 
Witton. 

From Heylas to John Ripley, the twenty-sixth 
and last Abbot, a term of above three hundred 
years, no circumstance of importance is recorded, 
either relative to the characters of the Abbots, or 
the fortunes of the House. It however appears to 
have enjoyed uninterrupted prosperity, and increas- 
ing fame, during the greater part of that time ; for 
the dates of its richest endowments are since the 
year 1200. And at the dissolution, in 1528, it 
was valued at 512!. 135. 4d. per annum, 
according to Speed's History. 



A Catalogue of the Abbots of Kirks tall. 

1. ALEXANDER, elected 1147 died. 

2. Ralph Hageth, do. 1182 resigned. 

3. Lambert - - do. 1191 died. 

4. Turgesius - - do. resigned. 

5. Heylas' from Rock Abbey 1209 

6. Ralph de Newcastle - died. 

7. Walter - - 1221 

8. Mauricius - died. 

9. Adam 1249 

10. Hugh Michelay - - 1259 

11. Simon 1262 

B 2 12. William 




l8 HISTORY 

-4M 

12. William de Leedes 

13. Gilbert de Cotles - 

14. Henry Carr - 

15. Hugh de Grymston- 

16. Joseph de Bridesal 

17. Walter 1313 

1 8. William ... - 1341 

19. Rodger de Leedes - - 1349 

20. John de Bardesey - 1399 

21. William Grayson - - displaced. 

22. Thomas Wymbersley - 1468 died. 

23. Robert Kclingbec - - 1499 

24. William Stockdale - 1501 

25. William Marshall - - 1509 

26. John Ripley, the last Abbot 1528 



CHAP. V. 

Various Mattery. 

FTIHE Monks of Kirkstall Abbey were of the 
I Cistercian Order, which was a set sprung 
from the Benedictines; the distinction of its name 
and Order having their origin in the town of Cis- 
teaux, in Burgundy : Were instituted in the year 
1098, by one Robert, formerly Abbot of Molesme, 
in that province ; he and twenty of his Religious 
withdrawing, on account of the wicked lives of the 
greater part of the Monks of his Abbey : when 
they were joined by one Stephen Hardinge, who 
gave them some additional rules to those they had 
before been governed by, and brought them into 

some 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY, 19 



some repute. These rules were called Chartatis 
Chartcz, and confirmed in the year 1107, by Pope 
Urban the Second. Stephen is therefore, by some, 
reckoned their principal Founder. 

They were also called Bernardines, from St 
Bernard, Abbot of Clerival, in the diocese of Lan- 
gros, about the year n 16 ; and who himself found- 
ed one hundred and sixty Monasteries of this Or- 
der. Sometimes they were called White Monks, 
from the colour of their habit ; which was a white 
cassock, with a narrow scapulary, or scarf; and 
over that a black gown, when they went abroad, 
but a white one when they went to Church. Their 
Monasteries, which became very numerous, were 
generally built in solitary and uncultivated places, 
and all dedicated to the Holy Virgin. This Order 
came into England in the year 1128. The first 
House of the Order was at Waverly, in Surry; 
and, before the dissolution, had eighty -five Houses 
here. 

There were, in the government of every Abbey, 
besides six principal officers, a number of inferiors. 

first Magister Operis^ or Master of the Fabric; 
who probably had the care of the buildings of and 
belonging to the Monastery ; and whose business 
it was to survey and keep them in repair. 

Eleemosynarius, or the Almoner ; who superin- 
tended the alms of the House, which were every 
day distributed to the poor at the gate of the Mo- 
nastery ; divided the alms upon the Founder's da> , 
and at other anniversaries ; and, in some places, 
had the care of the maintenance and education of 
the Choristers. 

Pitantiarius, who had the distribution of the 
allowances, upon particular occasions, over and 
above the common provisions. 

B 3 Sacrista, 



20 HISTORY OF 



Sacrista, or Sexton ; to whose care were com- 
mitted the vessels, books, and vestments, belonging 
to the Church ; and who looked after and account- 
ed for the oblations at the great Altar, and other 
Altars or Images in the Church ; and such legacies 
as were given, either to the fabric, or for utensils : 
He likewise provided bread and wine for the Sacra- 
ment, and took care of burying the dead. 

Camerarius, or the Chamberlain, had the ma- 
nagement of the Dormitory, provided the bedding 
for the Monks, with razors, and towels, for shav- 
ing them ; likewise part, if not all their cloathing. 

Cellerarius ; whose office it was to provide all 
sorts of provisions and liquors consumed in the 
Convent ; as also firing and kitchen utensils. 

Thesaurarius ; who received all the common 
rents and revenues of the Monastery, and paid all 
the common expences. 

Precentor ; who had the chief direction of the 
Choir service ; and not only presided over the 
singing men and Choristers, but provided them 
with books, paid their salaries, and repaired the 
organs. He had also the custody of the Seal, kept 
the Liber Diurnalis, or Chapter-book ; and pro- 
vided parchment and ink for the writers, and co- 
lours for the limners, employed in writing and 
illuminating books for the Library. 

Hostilarius, or Hospitilarius ; whose business it 
was to manage the entertainment of strangers, and 
to provide them with necessaries. 

Infirmarius ; who had the care of the Infirmary, 
and the Sick Monks carried there ; for whom he 
was to provide physic, and other necessaries ; and 
to wash, and prepare for burial, the bodies of the 
dead. He was likewise to shave all the Monks in 
the Convent. 

Refection arius ; 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 21 



Refectionarius ; who looked after the Refectory, 
and provided table-cloths, napkins, glasses, dishes, 
plates, spoons, and other requisites. He had the 
custody of the cups, ewers, and all the silver uten- 
sils belonging to the House, except the Church 
plate. 

There was likewise Coquinarius^ or the Cook ; 
Gardinai t'us, or the Gardener : and Portorius, or 
the Porter. 

Every great Abbey had a room, called the Scrip- 
torium ; where several Scribes were employed in 
transcribing books for the Library. They some- 
times indeed wrote the Ledger-books of the House, 
the Missals, and other books used in divine ser- 
vice ; but where chiefly employed on other works, 
such as the Fathers, Classics, or History. The 
Monks, in general, were so zealous for this work, 
that they frequently procured gifts of lands and 
Churches, to be solely appropriated to the carrying 
of it on. 

Besides this, they had also particular persons 
appointed to take notice of, and record the prin- 
cipal events which happened in the kingdom ; 
which, at the end of the year, were digested and 
formed into annals. 



CHAP, 



22 * HISTORYOF 



CHAR VI. 
Present State of the Abbey. 

A LATE author has given us the following 
sketch of the present appearance of the ruins 
of this Abbey. 

" If, in the progress of our observations on the 
ruined edifices of religion, we have occasionally 
commented upon the dreary site of some Abbeys, 
clear it is, from the specimen before us, that even 
the same Order of Monks (Cistercian) did not 
agree in their ideas of local mortification or hap- 
piness ; the Founder of this Abbey having seem- 
ingly steered aloof from penance, by courting nei- 
ther the sterile damps, nor exposed situation ; as 
nothing can exceed the sylvan scenes and wildly 
rural beauties of the place. Nor was Seleth, the 
original Superior, wrong, in this sense, even upon 
the legendery ground of a divine impulse, when 
he made this alluring spot his abode. Ill, me- 
thinks, did it comport with the gloomy, weeping 
Turgesius, the fourth Abbot, that clerical Hera- 
clitus of his time ; whose view was that of making 
every pleasure to be grief, piety pain, knowledge 
ignorance, and strength infirmity. 

" Neither is the ruin less pleasing and pic- 
turesque, on whatever side you approach it. The 
soothing and harmonious variety of its parts, with 
the venerable aspect of the whole, captivate the 
mind to that degree, as to cancell, in a manner, 
all concern for its present state. For, like the 
Censor, Cato, in his old age, it supports that dig- 
nity in decay which seems to boast a triumph 
over time. " Again, 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 23 



" Again, the blended vegetation every where 
dispersed, on the crown of the Dormitory and 
other places, like the airy Garden of Babylon, of 
which Historians speak, seems to familiarize the 
wonder of those days : While the cells below, made 
more subterraneous from accumulated ruin with- 
out, join in giving the whole all the peculiarity and 
air of ancient fiction, or Fairy enchantment." 

This stately pile of ruins extends over a consi- 
derable space : Their length, from North to South, 
measuring 340 feet ; and from East to West, 445 
feet ; and a quadrangle, of 115 by 143 feet, is 
inclosed within the walls. At a small distance, 
North-West of this mass, stands what was once the 
chief gate of the Monastery ; it is now converted 
into a farm-house. 

The Church is in the form of a cross. Over 
the intersection of the cross aisles with the body, 
which is within fifty feet of the East end, stands a 
handsome square tower, very lately in good repair ; 
said, by Di Burton, to have been built in the time 
of Henry the Eighth, From some marks in this 
tower, it appears the Church has had two different 
roofs. The body is divided into a nave, and two 
side aisles, by a double row of massive columns, 
composed alternately of an assemblage of eight and 
twelve smaller ones ; having a kind of Saxon ca- 
pital, and square pedestal \ the side of each pedes- 
tal measuring two yards. These columns support 
pointed arches ; over which is a range of windows, 
whose arches are semicircular. 

The roof, between the Tower and the East end, 
where the high Alter stood, was adorned with fret 
work and intersecting arches \ the greater part 
of which has lately fallen in, covering the altar in 
its ruins. There is not the least trace of a single 

monument 



24 HISTORYOF 



monument within the Church ; neither is it loaded 
with that profusion of trifling ornaments, so com- 
mon in what are stiled Gothic buildings, but is 
justly admirable for its elegant simplicity. It is 
observable that it does not point due East and 
West. 

At the East end of the Church is the broken re- 
mains of the high Altar, and of stone pots for holy 
water ; which indicate that there were at this place 
six smaller Altars, dedicated to there respective 
saints. 

The Eastern window appears to have been spa- 
cious, and is said to have been of fine painted glass. 

South of the Church, and on the East front of 
the ruins, are several vaulted chambers, supported 
by strong columns, which have a most gloomy 
appearance \ the southernmost of them is near 
falling. 

On the South side, near the Palace, is the burial- 
place for the Monks, now converted into an or- 
chard, and overgrown with deep weeds. 

In the arched chamber leading to this Cemetry, 
are the remains of several large stone coffins : And 
it is said that some persons not long ago, pulling 
down part of the wall in this passage, discovered a 
parcel of mouldering bones. 

The arch over the West door of the Church is 
circular, and decorated with zig-zag ornaments : 
Indeed most of the arches about this Monastery, 
the Church excepted, are circular. Many of the 
mouldering walls are overshadowed with trees, and 
mantled with ivy, a circumstance which adds great- 
ly to the solemnity of the scene. 

There is a story of a subterraneous passage at 
the South-East corner of the ruins, which was pro- 
bably neither more nor less than one of the larger 
drains. On 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 25 



On the ceiling of a room in the Gatehouse is 
inscribed, - 

Mille et Quin^entos postquam complement orbis. 
Tresq: 6 ter demos per sua signi Deus. 
Prima saint feri post cunabula Chnsti, 
Cut datur omnium honor, gloria, laus, 6 amor. 

The situation of this Abbey is about sixty yards 
North of the River Aire \ between which and the 
ruins there are vestiges of two fish-ponds. It is 
about a quarter of a mile North-West of the vil- 
lage of Kirkstall-Bridge ; and about three miles 
distant from the town of Leeds. 

The following persons were buried here, though 
their monumental inscriptions are not extant : 
Robert de Lacy, in the year 1193. 
Henry de Paulino, son of William de Allerton. 
Thomas, son of Ralph de Beeston. And 
Walter, son of Adam Sampson de Pudsey. 

Besides the Lacys, this Abbey had several power- 
ful Protectors. Pope Adrian the Fourth, an Eng- 
lishman, in the year 1156, confirmed to them 
their Church, and all their other possessions ; as 
did also King Henry the Second. Henry the 
Third took them into his immediate protection : 
And King Edward the First, in 1276, likewise 
granted his protection to the Abbot and Monks, 
then greatly in debt ; and committed the care of 
them to Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln and Ba- 
ron of Pontefract, their Patron, as heir to their 
Founder. 

A variety of benefactions, consisting of lands, 
tenements, rents, tythes, &c. were bequeathed to 
this Monastery, by persons of different places, 

adjacent 



26 HISTORYOF 



adjacent and at a distance ; particularly at Adle, 
Allerton, Allerton-Gledow, Beeston, Burley, Hea- 
dingley, Horsforth, Middleton, &c. &c. The 
whole amounting to a very considerable annual 
income. Besides which, they possessed such large 
herds of cattle, that, at the Visitation of their Mo- 
nastery, in the year 1301 , they were found to have 
this stock upon their land, viz. 216 draught 
oxen, 1 60 cows, 152 yearlings and bullocks, 90 
calves, and 4000 sheep and lambs. But, notwith- 
standing these, and their large revenues, the Monks 
of this House, through some mismanagement, be- 
came indebted in the sum of 5248!. 155. 7d. 
and were forced to Beg the protection of several 
Princes against their creditors, till by limiting 
their expences, they should be able to pay their 
debts; which in 1301, were reduced to i6ol. 
which was paid off long before the dissolution. 

At the dissolution, the site of the Abbey was 
given by the King to one John Pakeman, a Gen- 
tleman of the King's household. 

The Duke of Montague is its present proprietor, 
and allows a person lol. per annum for taking 
care of it. 

The Arms of the Abbey were Azure, three 
swords, their points in base, hilts and pommels or. 

The seal of Kirkstall Abbey was An image of 
the Virgin Mary, with the Infant Jesus in her 
arms'; and this inscription, T. quid pate una 
Valet. 

Mr Thoresby gives an account of many cu- 
riously painted bricks found among the ruins of 
this Abbey, of various sizes ; some of the shape of 
those now in use, but larger : the largest of which 
were about eleven inches in length, and five in 

breadth, 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 



breadth, yet only two inches thick. These being 
taken from the foundation of the Abbey walls, 
seem to prove, that bricks were used in those parts 
about six hundred years ago. And in the year 
1713, as the Gardener was digging in the orchard, 
beside the Abbey, he found a stone coffin, with a 
skeleton two yards in length, the bones entire.- 
But, what was most surprising, was the cover ; 
Not one entire stone, as usually, but composed of 
very curious tiles, of various colours and forms, 
circular as well as square and triangular ; larger 
than those of the Roman tessalated pavements, yet 
less than those used in after ages : Some of these 
have fleurs de lys t of different colours from the 
tiles themselves. By the fine appearance, it was 
presently concluded to be a person of honour ; 
but, from the circumstances of its being interred 
not within the Church, the supposition is impro- 
bable ; and it is most likely, that it was some 
Master workman, who invented, or greatly im- 
proved the art of making or adorning tiles. -- 
There seemed to have been an inscription, that 
might probably have determined the matter, if 
the labourers had not lost or misplaced the letters, 
of which only three were to be found, viz. H. R. T. 
painted upon as many small tiles. 

The Abbot of KirkstalPs drinking glass was pre- 
served by the relations of Ripley, the last Abbot, 
and presented to Mr. Thoresby ; it is described as 
follows : in dpth about one foot, and nine inches 
round the edge, beautifully waved with white 
enamel. 

The Abbot of Kirkstall's salt seller was likewise 

preserved, and belonged to Mr Thoresby's collec- 

tion of curiosities ; it had eight triangular salts 

C placed 



2& HISTORY OF 



placed in the stock, which was of coarse marble or 
stone, with a hollow for one of silver at the top. 

Likewise the Abbot of Kirkstall's stirrup, made 
of cast iron, the sole seven inches broad. 

A curious altar piece belong to Kirkstall Abbey, 
on which was painted the history of Joseph of Ari- 
mathea's entombing our Saviour, whose emaciated 
corps was very well represented in a winding sheet. 
Eight alabaster statues gilded, and enclosed in a 
space of nine inches broad and thirteen long, were 
attached to this legend, and the pix, an iron box 
for preserving the edicts. 

CHAP. VII. 

Conclusion. 

rriHE broken and imperfect accounts which 
I have been handed down respecting this, and 
the generality of ancient Religious Houses, render 
it impossible to give a complete history. This 
circumstance, so truly to be lamented, arises, in 
a great degree, from the barbarous and general 
destruction which was made of books and writings 
by the persons employed to deface those places, at 
the dissolution of all the Monasteries, by King 
Henry the Eigth ; when, according to the account 
of John Bale, all, or most of the books and writings 
of the Monks, were sold, by cart-loads, for waste- 
paper, or left to the mercy of the illiterate mob. 

The allegations brought against the Monks, to 
defend the measure of the abolition of their House 
and Order, were their luxurious and debauched 
manner of living, pretended miracles, impostures, 
&c. But when we consider, that these accounts 
were, given by the persons sent for the purpose of 

impeaching 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 



impeaching their conduct, and reflect upon the 
character of this Monarch, and the exigencies of 
the State at that time, we must be inclined to 
think, that the accounts of the visitors were pur- 
posely exaggerated ; and that the King was more 
influenced by avarice, to desire their possessions, 
than by a wish for the good of the country, to put 
an end to their pretended abuses. 

Monasteries were then the repositories, as well 
as seminaries of learning ; many valuable books, 
and national records, as well as private evidences, 
having been preserved in their Libraries, the only 
places wherein they could have been safely lodged 
in those turbulent times : Many of them, which 
had escaped the ravages of the Danes, were destroy- 
ed, with more than Gothic barbarity, at their dis- 
solution. 

Every Abbey had at least one person, whose 
office it was to instruct youth. And to the Monks, 
the Historians of this country, are we chiefly be- 
holden for the knowledge we have of former na- 
tional events. The arts of painting, architecture, 
and printing, were also successfully cultivated with- 
in their walls. Religious Houses were likewise 
the Hospitals for the sick and poor, many of both 
being easily relieved by them. They also afforded 
lodging and entertainment to travellers, at a time 
when there were no inns. 

The Nobility and Gentry, who were heirs to 
their Founders, in them could provide for a certain 
number of ancient and faithful servants ; by pro- 
curing them corodies, or stated allowances of meat 
and drink, and cloaths. It was also an asylum, or 
retreat for aged, indigent persons, of good families. 

The places near the sites of these Abbeys were 

considerably benefited by the concourse of people 

C 2 resorting 



30 HISTORY OF 



resorting to them, by fairs procured for them and 
by their exemption from the Forest Laws ; add to 
which, the Monastic estates were generally let at 
very easy rents, the fines given at renewals in- 
cluded. To conclude, their stately buildings, 
and magnificent Churches, were striking orna- 
ments to the country. The furious zeal with 
which these were demolished, their fine carvings 
destroyed, and their beautiful painted windows 
broken, would almost tempt one to imagine, that 
the persons who directed these depredations were 
actuated with an enmity to the fine arts, instead 
of a hatred to superstition. 



VERSES, 

ON THE RUINS OF KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 

BY A LADY. 

COULD hallow'd walls or ruined Tow'rs inspire, 
Or moss grown cells call forth Parnassian fire, 
Thy praise, O KIRKSTALL ! should be sweetly sung, 
Thy ancient grandeur dwell upon my tongue ! 
The wand'ring Muse should seek the time afar, 
When superstition, in her iron car, 
O'er this sad realm her bloody banners wav'd, 
And servile hearts in fetters strong enslav'd : 
'Twas then thy roofs re-echoed to the sound 
Of midnight dirges, solemn and profound ; 

Or 



KIRKSTALL ABBE Y. 



Or wrapt in silence and mysterious gloom, 
Save where the taper trembled o'er the tomb, 
Or round some consecrated image shed 
The pallid lustre on th' unconscious dead. 
Here cloister'd learning slumber'd in the cell, 
While Monkish legends reason's pow'r expel. 
Here fabling Bards, by error deem'd divine, 
Set forth the wonders of some sacred shrine. 
Now mute each tongue, and deaf each list'ning ear, 
Nothing but dumb and lifeless stones lay here. 
Thy haughty tow'rs, which rais'd aloft in air, 
Tempests have wreck'd, and hurricanes shall tear ; 
Till, low in dust, no vestige to be seen, 
Thy walls lie level with the tufted green : 
Yet shall the spot to every Muse be dear, 
And pensive Genius oft shall wander here. 






LINES. 

Addressed to a company of young Persons, whilst 
viewing the ruins of Kirks tall Abbey. 

SEE how the sharp, corroding tooth of Time 
Hath rent these massy walls ! The stones 

dissolve ! 

And, like the feeble sinews of old age, 
Relax, and shrink, and tumble to the ground ! 

Ah me ! shall ruthless Time's devouring pow'r 
Thus bow the firmest works of busy man ? 
Tis even so ! Yea, lastly, he himself, 

The 



32 HISTORY OF 



The great projector of these haughty piles, 
With all his riches, honours, and renown, 
Hides his poor head in dust and is no more ! 

Come, then, my Friends, upon a surer base 
Let's built such pleasures as will ne'er decay ; 
Such as in endless youthful beauty shine 
When lifes gay dream (like to a tale that's told) 
Is past, and in oblivion's shade forgot. 
Safe on that ROCK, which rears its noble head 
Beyond mutation's stroke, and ev'ry foe, 
Let's build our heav'nly house! A house wherein 
No moth, nor rust, nor thief, nor time, nor death, 
Can e'er approach, its treasures to annoy. 

Now in your bloom, and health, and smiling 

years, 

The golden season grasp ! Now lay up store 
In fairest mansions of celestial peace ! 
So, when this earthly, transient scene is o'er, 
Bright Cherub Angels, natives of that land, 
Shall lead you, raptur'd, to your radiant home, 
Where all the myraids of the ransom'd throng 
Shall hail you welcome to the mount of bliss ! 
There GOD'S unsully'd Light, and Life, and Love, 
In one incessant glorious blaze shall crown 
Our souls with joy and everlasting rest, 
Beyond what Man or Angel's tongue can name, 
Or largest stretch of human heart desire ! 

C. CAYLEY. 



WRITTEN 



KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 33 



WRITTEN NEAR KIRKSTALL ABBEY. 

IN ancient days of superstitious dread, 
When lordly abbots kept the world in fear ; 
When monkish craft his secret banquet spread, 
Yet seem'd in outward penance most austere. 

Yon cloister'd pile, by wealthy bigots fed, 
With fretted roof was wont its porch to rear, 
Where smothering ivy now is seen to braid 
Each beetling fragment with its umbrage drear : 

Disastrous change ! yet, to the mental view, 
More pleas'd such pomp in ruins J survey, 
Then when in sainted guise the priestly crew 
To drowsy vespers drag'd their loitering way ; 

More pleas'd with pious worth's unblazon'd deeds, 

Than conclaves of grey cowls,or treasuries of beads. 



FINIS. 



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UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



DA Leeds Directory for the 

690 year 1798 

L39A3 

1798