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Full text of "Operations of the Indiana legion and minute men, 1863-4. Documents presented to the General assembly, with the governor's message, January 6, 1865"

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OF THE 



INDIANA LEGION AND MINUTE MEN, 



1863--4. 




OF THE 



INDIANA LEGION AND MINUTE MEN, 



1863-4. 



Documents Presented to the General Assembly, with the Governor s 

Message, 



e, ises. 



INDIANAPOLIS: 

W. R. HOLLOWAY, STATE PRINTER. 
1865. 



E50U 




CONTENTS. 



PAGE* 

1. Report of Major General Mansfield Indiana Legion 1 

2. Governor Morton s Address to the " Legion" and "Minute Men" of Indiana 8 

3. Report of Major General Lew. Wallace Morgan Raid 10 

4. Report of Lieut. W. H. Smith, Reg. Quartermaster, Gen. Wallace s Div... 13 

5. Report of General John Love Morgan Raid 15 

6. Report of Colonel John A. Mann Indiana Legion 20 

7. Report of Colonel Daniel F. Bates Indiana Legion 25 

8. Report of Captain G. W. Lyon, Crawford Artillery 26 

9. Report of Adjutant E. C. Caldwell Indiana Legion 28 

10. Report of Colonel Lewis Jordan Indiana Legion ., 31 

11. Parole of Militia and Minute Men at Corydon Morgan Raid 34 

12. Report of Captain Robert Denny Morgan Raid 38 

13. Report of Lieutenant A. W. Gordan Morgan Raid 40 

14. Report of Andrew J. Burrell Morgan Raid 40 

15. Report of Captain William Forquor Morgan Raid 41 

16. Report of Lieut. Colonel James F. McCurdy Morgan Raid 43 

17. Report of Colonel John T. Willey- Border Service, 1863-4 45 

18. Report of Captain G. W. Colclasure Hines and Morgan Raid 47 

19. Report of Colonel Sam. B. Sering Border Service Morgan Raid.. 48 

20. Report of Brig. General A. C. Downey Morgan Raid Legion 52 

21. Report of Colonel H. T. Williams Morgan Raid Legion 55 

22. Report of Colonel Harris Keeney Morgan Raid Legion 58 

23. Report of Colonel John A. Platter Morgan Raid 60 

24. Report of Colonel Lawrence S. Shuler Morgan Raid > 62 

25. Report of Colonel Wm. C. Wilson Morgan Raid 64 

26. Report of Colonel Kline G. Shryock Morgan Raid C6 

27. Report of Colonel B. M. Gregory Morgan Raid 69 

28. Report of Colonel Isaac P. Gray Morgan Raid.,. , .... 70 

986340 



1V CONTENTS. 

29. Keport of Colonel John R. Mahan Morgan Raid 72 

30. Keport of Major Johnson McCullough, Brig. Quartermaster Morgan Kaid 74 

31. Keport of Lieut. Colonel E. H. C. Cavins, Chief Maj. Gen. Hughes Staff 7T 

32. Keport of Brig. Gen. Henry Jordan Orange and Crawford Conspiracy... 80 

33. Testimony and Confessions in Crawford and Orange Conspiracy 82 

34. Keport of Colonel Charles Fournier Raid and Defense of Border 85 

35. Keport of Brig. General Henry Jordan Defense of Border 90 

3G. Report of Brevet Major General A. P. Hovey Expedition to Kentucky... 92 

37. Report of Colonel W. W. Frybarger, Chief of Artillery Legion 94 

38. Report of Colonel J. H. Koontz Indiana Legion 96 

39. Report of Major David E. Shaw Indiana Legion 96 

40. Keport of Colonel Kennedy Brown Indiana Legion 97 

41. Report of Major William Manning Indiana Legion 97 

42. Report of Major Wilson Morrow Indiana Legion 93 

43. Report of Colonel Thomas Webb Indiana Legion 99 

44. Report of Colonel Harvey D. Scott Indiana Legion 100 

45. Report of Captain Thomas M. Adams Indiana Legion 100 

40. Report of Brig. General Henry Jordan Protection of the Border... ...101 



OPERATIONS 



OF THE 



INDIANA LEGION AND MINUTE MEN, 

1863, 1864. 



REPORT OF MAJOR GEN. JOHN L. MANSFIELD. 

HEADQUARTERS INDIANA LEGION, 
Indianapolis, Dec. 27, 1864. 



His Excellency, 0. P. MORTON, 

Governor of Indiana: 

SIR : In compliance with your order for a biennial report of the 
acts and condition of the Indiana Legion, two separate reports should 
have been furnished ; one by Major Gen. Hughes, commanding the 
Second Division of the Indiana Legion, and one by myself as Com 
mander of the First Division. It was thought, however, that one 
report would better answer the purpose, and Gen. Hughes having to 
be absent from the State, requested me to act for both. 

The reports made to these Headquarters by the officers command 
ing the Legion, as far as they have been received, have been annexed 
to this report. They contain full and detailed accounts of various 
events and actions in which our State troops have participated. To 
avoid repetition, I will refer to these reports, instead of giving sepa 
rate and additional recitals of those events. 

It is highly gratifying to me to be able to say to your Excellency 
I. L. R. 1. 



MORGAN RAID. 







tl;at~t5p:][ncGfiiia ^flitia; though defective in many respects, has fully 
answered* the purpose for which it was intended. An organized 
militia is a link between the citizen and the professional soldier, and 
its functions are two-fold. The one consists in aiding the civil authori 
ties in the execution of the law, and the other in performing such 
military service as cannot conveniently be done by the regular army. 
All nations are liable, in times of war, to be disturbed by hostile 
invasions, and bv ; i >ts of lawless citizens. An army of professional 
soldiers, to f.;;.a against such occurrences, would be an immense 
expenditure, and an institution dangerous to the liberty of the people. 
It is, therefore, proper that a nation capable of self-government 
should be trusted with the means of defense, and that the citizen 
soldier should be employed for the suppression of riots, and for the 
repelling of invasions. Both of these ends have been accomplished 
by our State Militia within the preceding two years. 

During that period of time Kentucky, where it borders on the 
Ohio river, was infested with guerrillas and robbers, who have repeat 
edly collected in such numbers as to seriously threaten our border 
with invasion. In the early part of the preceding year they had 
become so numerous in Union and Henderson counties, Kentucky, 
that it required a constant and regular system of patrols and senti 
nels to protect the counties of Posey and Vanderburg against inva 
sion. In Harrison county, Ilines, and his band of guerrillas, were 
more successful; they effected a landing, and entered our State, but 
they were immediately expelled by our militia. 

Soon after, and in the same locality, the rebel General Morgan, 
invaded our territory with about five thousand men and five pieces of 
artillery, and made his exit on our eastern boundary into Ohio. It 
was, however, in consequence of an accidental and erroneous report, 
that Morgan was not prevented by our militia from entering the 
State; and for his escape, after having entered the State, he was 
indebted to an accidental mismanagement in the railroad transporta 
tion of our troops. He made his appearance in Brandenburg, Ken 
tucky, on the 7th of July, 1863, and took possession of the steamers 
McComb and Alice Dean. The steamer Lady Pike brought intelli 
gence of this to Leavenworth, and immediately after conveyed thirty 
men and one cannon of the Crawford Artillery, Capt. G. W. Lyon 
commanding, to Maukport. The cannon was then drawn by the men 
a considerable distance to a point opposite to Bradenburg, where 
Col. Timberlake was in command of some Harrison County Home 
Guards. On the next day, at 7 A. M., they fired their piece with 



MORGAN RAID. 3 

true aim at the steamer McComb, crowded with Morgan s men. 
The first shot scattered the invaders in wild confusion, and both of 
the transports might then have been easily destroyed by our cannon. 
But unfortunately, our men had been informed that Morgan had less 
than two hundred men, and no artillery. They desired, therefore, to 
save the boats, which had been cleared of rebels, and ceased firing 
at them. Soon after, Morgan s artillery exposed our mistake, and 
our gun was silenced and the crossing accomplished. 

The news of this event reached your Excellency late in the eve 
ning of the same day. You went to work at once, and with your 
usual energy and dispatch you aroused the citizens of Indiana to 
instant action. Within two days you received offers for defending 
the State from three score thousand men, and before the third day 
expired you had from twenty to twenty-five thousand men, armed 
and organized, in pursuit of Morgan. 

On the 8th, late at night, you ordered me to proceed to New Albany, 
and to call out the militia along the line of my travel. Arriving at 
New Albany on the next day, I found Gen. Hughes in command of 
that post. He had already organized a considerable force, which he 
had skillfully disposed for the protection of New Albany. We there 
received news of the bold resistance to the invader, made by a small 
band of Militia in Harrison county, who had to be overpowered by 
the enemy s artillery before he could occupy the town of Corydon. 

On the 10th, at 2 A, M., the news arrived of Morgan s approach 
to Salem, whereupon I sent you the following dispatch, dated New 
Albany, 10th of July, which you had immediately forwarded to Madi 
son: 

" Rebels at Salem! They may aim for Vienna, Madison, and Trim 
ble county, Kentucky. Let boats have steam up and be guarded." 

Your Excellency, however, had anticipated my plan of preventing 
Morgan from recrossing the Ohio ; you had already sent, on the same 
day, the following dispatch to General Burnside, at Cincinnati : 

" It is not unlikely that Morgan will go out above Louisville. I 
am informed that there is a lot of spare artillery at Louisville. Would 
it not be well to mount it on boats, and patrol the river between Louis 
ville and Lawrenceburg ? He should not be allowed to escape. I 
will have 15,000 militia here to-day." 

Morgan took the route you had conjectured. He approached within 
a few miles of Madison, but had to seek for a passage elsewhere; and 
wherever his scouts approached the river, they found it guarded by 
gunboats, which escorted him on his line of march. 



4 MORGAN RAID. 

When Morgan arrived at Vernon, and demanded the surrender of 
that town, he way handsomely bluffed off by Colonel Williams, who 
held that place with two companies of the Legion, from Ohio county, 
and some troops from Jennings county. Soon after General Love 
arrived, took command, and with a force of about one thousand men, 
bid defiance to Morgan and his whole command. Morgan decamped. 
By this time General Wallace arrived at Vernon with a heavy force 
of troops. 

On the 13th of July, Morgan had made his way to Versailles, in 
Ripley county, whilst the forces which you had sent under different 
commanders in pursuit of him, had accumulated to an overwhelming 
force, but chiefly of infantry. And here it is to be regretted that an 
accidental delay in transporting these troops to points where they 
might head the enemy, and compel him to give battle, should have 
enabled Morgan to have escaped into the State of Ohio. But even 
as it is, it will often be a source of gratification to contemplate the 
patriotism and the martial spirit which was exhibited on that occasion 
by the .citizens of Indiana. The conduct of the officers and men was 
so praiseworthy that I will abstain from naming any one individually, 
knowing that the great mass of all who were engaged deserve the 
same commendation. 

For a detailed account of these reports I refer you to the able 
reports of Major General Love, Brigadier General Downey, Colonel 
Mann, Colonel Williams, Colonel Keeney, Colonel Platter, Colonel 
Shuler, Colonel Fournier, Colonel Sering, Lieut. Colonel McCurdy, 
Captain J. W. Lyon, and others, annexed to this report. 

The present year, also, has not been free from danger to our border. 
During the month of March the rebel General Forrest had occupied 
Paducah, from which point he moved across the Tennessee and 
Cumberland rivers, making it necessary to have our southern frontier 
guarded by pickets and patrols. The same danger existed during the 
month of July, when the rebel Generals Johnson and Seipert occu 
pied Union and Henderson counties, Kentucky. 

And again in August, guerrillas collected to the number of from 
one to two thousand men in the same locality of Kentucky, with the 
avowed intention of destroying some of the river towns of Indiana. 
It was on this occasion that seven hundred and fifty men of the Indi 
ana Legion, with five pieces of artillery, and accompanied by four 
hundred United States Volunteers, entered the State of Kentucky, 
under the command of Major Generals Hovey and Hughes. They 
advanced to Morganfield, surprised and scattered the rebels, took 



MORGAN RAID- 5 

some prisoners, and returned in safety to their homes. For particu 
lars, I refer you to the lucid and concise report of General Hovey to 
Adjutant General Thomas, U. S. A. 

The latest disturbance from guerrillas took place some two weeks 
ago, in the vicinity of Madison. A gang of outlaws, supposed to 
belong to Jesse s men, had at different times and places fired on four 
of the boats running between Louisville and Cincinnati. They were 
about fifteen in number, but they never remained long enough in any 
one place to be easily found and caught by our troops. To save the 
State the expense of sending troops alter these fellows, I consented 
to supply one of the packet boats with some muskets and ammuni 
tion. I have also taken the responsibility to direct Colonel Bering to 
similarly supply any other of the mail and packet boats who may 
desire it, on receiving a proper voucher and bond for the return of 
the arms. No firing on boats has occurred since that time, but there 
is no doubt that constant vigilance will be necessary on our part 

The other function of our military, the preservation of peace within 
the State, has also been performed with success and propriety. And 
I will here express my humble approbation of the course pursued by 
General Willcox and by Colonel Baker the one Military Commander 
of, and the other Assistant Provost Marshal General for, Indiana. 
They acted under the conviction that, even in time of war and vio 
lence, the authority of the State should have full sway whenever its 
power suffices to preserve order and peace. Both of these gentle 
men made it their rule to consult and co-operate with your Excel 
lency ; and in cases where the execution of the law required the 
employment of the military forces under their command, they would 
tender me, as an officer of the State, the general management of their 
troops. 

Of the disturbances which took place in the year 1863, and in 
which I was called upon to act, the first one occurred at Enterprise, 
in Switzerland county, in consequence of some guns which had been 
stolen from a company of the Legion commanded by Captain Hall. 
This was during the month of May. In June a riot and bloodshed 
took place at Williamsport, Warren county, between furloughed sol 
diers and citizens of that county. During that same month resistance 
was made to the enrolling officer in Union Township of Bartholomew 
county. In Rush county an enrolling officer and his aid were mur 
dered in cold blood ; in Putnam county a simultaneous attack was 
made on the enrolling officers of that county ; and a similar act wag 
perpetrated in the county of Monroe. 



MORGAN RAID. 

During the month of July large bodies of men assembled in Greene 
and Sullivan counties, threatening resistance to the draft. An enrol 
ling officer was killed in the latter county. There was also danger of 
a serious riot at Edinburg, Johnson county, in consequence of some 
rou^h treatment given to a fellow who had ornamented himself with 
butternuts. 

In the present year a riot occurred in Parke county during the 
month of April. A set of outlaws, twenty-five in number, came from 
Fountain county to Parke for the purpose of driving off the Union 
raen. They attacked in the night time the house of an old citizen, 
Mr. Lay, and wounded him severely with pistol shots. The old man, 
however, succeeded, with the aid of his corn-knife, in defending his 
house. On their retreat one of the outlaws shot himself accidentally, 
and died the next day. They were immediately pursued by Colonel 
Budd, of the Indiana Legion, and Captain Buchanan, of the Wave- 
land Zouaves, who followed them into Fountain county, arrested 
them, and delivered them to the civil authorities of Parke county. 

A serious difficulty, and a conspiracy to resist the draft and import 
guerrillas to vote at the State election, took place during last Sep 
t-ember in the counties of Crawford and Orange. It was, neverthe 
less, speedily suppressed through the judicious and vigorous conduct 
of Brigadier General Henry Jordan, of the Indiana Legion. For the 
details of this transaction I refer you to the excellent report of Gen 
eral Jordan, to the statement of confessions made by the prisoners, 
and to the report of Lieutenant Colonel Cavins, of General Hughes 
staff. 

The latest occurrence which called for services of the Legion hap 
pened some two weeks ago in Greene county. General Pitcher, 
Assistant Provost Marshal General, had sent some troops to Greene 
county for the purpose of arresting deserters and outlaws, who were 
concealed in that county. These troops proved inadequate to their 
task for the want of horses, and a report being received that some two 
or three hundred disaffected citizens had congregated on the line of 
Sullivan county to protect the deserters, it was, therefore, thought 
proper to call out two mounted companies of the Legion from Monroe 
county. These two companies served for a short time only, but they 
behaved, officers and men, with great propriety, and the*y have ren 
dered valuable services. 

In regard to the present condition of the Legion, I will state that 
we have an extensive supply of arms for infantry, but that we are 
deficient in arms and equipments for cavalry. It would also be 



MORGAN RAID. 

desirable to exchange some of our heavy ordnance for lighter pieces 
of artillery. 

The numerical strength of the Legion has been reduced by the late 
calls for volunteers, and by the effects of the draft. And here I beg 
leave to remark that an alteration in the present militia law might 
greatly facilitate the filling up of the ranks of the Legion. The 
Indiana Legion is an organization of volunteers ; yet, under our law, 
volunteering is, in a measure, discouraged by imposing all the labor 
and expenses on the volunteer, whilst no sacrifice or expenditure is 
demanded from those who withhold their service from the State. 

In fact, the experience derived from the practical operation of that 
law, makes it desirable that our Legislature should perfect the law by 
proper amendments. It is, however, the more creditable to the citi 
zens of Indiana that, notwithstanding these impediments, they should 
have sustained, and are still sustaining, a well disciplined and effective 
militia. It is an evidence of the intelligence and patriotism of our 
people, and it proves ^that the great majority are willing to make any 
sacrifice to defend our border, and to sustain the laws of the State, 

A considerable part of our Legion have undergone, within the last 
two years, severe hardships, and many of them have suffered in a 
pecuniary point of view by having been called away suddenly from 
their daily occupations. They obeyed the summons with alacrity and 
cheerfulness, and I take pleasure in assuring your Excellency that in 
time of need you may safely rely on the efficiency of the Indiana 
Legion. 

I have the honor to be, 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN L. MANSFIELD, 
Major General Indiana Legion, 



MORGAN RAID. 



ADDRESS OF GOVERNOR MORTON. 



To the Officers and Soldiers of the " Legion " and "Minute Men " of 
Indiana : 

Having received information that a rebel force, estimated at six 
thousand strong, with six pieces of artillery, had crossed the Ohio 
river into Harrison county, I issued a call on Thursday last, to the 
patriotic citizens of the State to leave their various occupations and 
turn out for its defense, and, if possible, capture the insolent inva 
ders. The evidence was abundant that the original purpose of the 
rebels was to seize, plunder and burn the capital, but as their course 
would be uncertain, it was necessary to make preparations to encoun 
ter them in every direction. Within forty-eight hours from the time 
the call was issued, not less than sixty-five thousand men had ten 
dered their services and were on their way to places of rendezvous, 
while many thousands more were preparing, but were notified to 
remain at home. Within three days, thirty thousand men, fully 
armed and organized, had taken the field at various points to meet 
the enemy. 

This wonderful uprising will exert a marked effect throughout the 
country, exhibiting, as it does, in the strongest and most favorable 
light, the military spirit and patriotism of our people. 

At the first landing on our soil, the rebel advance was met and 
fought by the neighboring u Legion," and, although our forces were 
few in number, and were driven back, they gave the rebels a clear 
foretaste of what they might expect when they penetrated the inte 
rior of the State. Within ten hours after they entered our borders, 
their invasion was converted into a rapid and desperate flight. In 
whatever direction they turned they were confronted by large bodies 
of armed men. Wherever they approached the river, with the view 



MORGAN RAID. 

to crossing, they found large bodies of troops prepared to dispute 
their passage. In half a dozen cases they were offered battle, which 
they invariably declined. They dodged and ran, by night and by day, 
and finally succeeded in making their escape over our eastern border 
into Ohio. 

They are reported to have murdered several of our citizens in cold 
blood, to have plundered many of their horses, money and goods, 
and to have burned and otherwise destroyed much valuable property. 
The injury done the railroads was slight, and has been almost entirely 
repaired. They had but little time to do damage beyond the murder 
and plunder of surprised and defenceless citizens along the line of 
their flight. 

For the alacrity with which you responded to my call and left 
your harvest fields, your work- shops and offices, and took up, arms to 
protect your State and punish the invaders, allow me, on behalf of 
the State, to tender my hearty thanks. Your example will not be 
lost upon the nation, and you have taught the rebels a lesson which 
will not be forgotten. 

In the light of these events, it is impossible not to perceive the 
importance of a thorough organization of the Legion. The presence 
of an organized force ready to take the field at a moment s notice is 
a standing security against invasion and depredation, and I am very 
anxious that so far as it is possible, the temporary organization of 
the " Minute Men " may be converted into permanent ones under the 
law ; and that exertions will everywhere be made to recruit the ranks 
of the Legion and perfect its drill and efficiency. 

Given at the Executive Department, Indianapolis, Indiana, this 
15th day of July, 1863. 

OLIVER P. MORTON, 
Governor and Com mander-in- Chief, 



I 
10 MORGAN RAID. 



REPORT OP MAJOR GENERAL LEW. WALLACE. 



CRAWFORDSVILLE, IND., August 16, 1863. 
Adj. Gen. Laz. Noble: 

According to request, I send you the following report. I reported 
myself to Gov. Morton on the morning of the llth of July, and, at 
his request, took command of a detachment of the Legion, for ope 
rations against John Morgan, who was then in the neighborhood of 
Vernon, in this State. 

It appears Gen. Carrington had reported to Gen. Willcox that, as 
early as 8 o clock, A. M., a body of troops, twenty-two or twenty- 
five hundred strong, was ready to march. I waited for them at the 
depot of the Madison and Indianapolis Railroad, intending to put 
them on the cars, and proceed immediately to Vernon. 

About 10, A. M., Colonel Shuler reported his regiment. Upon 
inquiry, I found he had no ammunition. Shortly after, Col. Gregory 
reported his command. It, also, was without ammunition; in addi 
tion, it was without rations. The united strength of the two was 
about thirteen hundred effective, and they were all that reported 
to me. 

I was compelled to wait for ammunition until about four o clock 
Receiving a limited supply, a start was then made for Yernon. At 
Columbus I was officially informed, from headquarters at Indian 
apolis, that a demand had been made on Gen. Love, at Vernon, for 
surrender that he had refused, but waited reinforcements. 

Dispatches from Old Vernon also informed me that Love was sur 
rounded by Morgan s whole force, about 6000 strong, with six guns. 

About the same time I was notified that the 15th Indiana Battery 



MORGAN RAID. 



11 



had left Indianapolis to report to me. Assurance of the enemy s 
presence in force, at Vernon, made it my duty to await the Battery 
at Columbus. Meantime, every preparation was made for a fight. 
There was reason to believe that Morgan, if he was seriously demon 
strating against Vernon, would attempt to prevent me from rein 
forcing Love. It became necessary, therefore, to anticipate, as far 
as possible, every contingency, and provide against them beforehand. 
If attacked at all, it would be while my command was in the cars. 
All my preparations and orders were ^omptly executed, except by 
the Captain of the Battery. He was ordered to keep his horses har 
nessed, but he failed to do so, and, as a consequence, the little col 
umn had to wait for him and his battery at North Vernon until after 
day-light before it could move. About six o clock the column started 
for Old Vernon, where we arrived only to be informed that Morgan 
had decamped. 

This movement satisfied me of what I felt assured before, viz., that 
Morgan would not fight, if he could help it ; also, that as against his 
mounted men infantry could accomplish nothing more than the de 
fense of towns and railroad bridges. At Vernon Gen. Love turned 
the command over to me. That officer and his subordinates are really 
entitled to just credit. Besides firmly rejecting the demand for sur 
render, he made the best possible disposition of his little force to 
defend the town, and, like his men, was willing and ready to fight. 
[ subjoin an informal report which I had made of the two commands 
united at Vernon. 

To pursue Morgan on foot was folly. From Vernon I was at first 
disposed to march immediately to Madison, but concluded to wait 
until it was definitely ascertained where the enemy was going. It 
soon appeared that he was heading east. I then suggested throwing 
a force down the Lawrenceburgh railroad, and telegraphed for per 
mission to move my command to Osgood. 

I telegraphed to Lawrenceburgh, asking citizens to collect wagons 
and meet me at a designated point in my advance. There can be no 
doubt that if this plan could have been carried out, I could have over 
taken Morgan somewhere about the State line. He was at that time 
not more than twenty-five miles ahead of us, and moving slowly. 

With the wagons I could have made a forced march of sixty miles. 

Unfortunately, the confusion in Dearborn county, consequent upon 

the enemy s presence, was so great as to make it next to impossible 

to procure a sufficiency of the required transportation. 

On the 14th I marched to Sunman s station, on the Indianapolis 



12 



MORGAN RAID. 



and Lawrenceburgh Railroad, a few miles beyond Milan, joining 
Gen. Hughes. His command, added to mine*, made a force of about 
fifty-five hundred strong, amply sufficient to have flogged the enemy 
in an open field fight. While at Vernon I issued an order for the 
.collection, by impressment, of all the horses within three miles of 
the place. 

So industriously did Col. Shuler, to whom the business was entrusted, 
work, that by three o clock he had one hundred and sixty horses. 
These were mounted by det^from his regiment and Col. Gregory s. 
The command of the detachment was given Col. Shuler, and he at 
once started in pursuit, with orders to follow Morgan vigorously, 
never leaving his trail while in Indiana. 

The Colonel, I am glad to say, outstripped Gen. Hobson s cavalry, 
and overtook the enemy at Harrison, where he reports having had 
quite a skirmish. It is very much to be regretted that the Legion 
consists so entirely of infantry. Two or three regiments of cavalry 
would have stopped Morgan before he passed into Ohio. I respect 
fully suggest attention to the organization of that arm of the ser 
vice. In conclusion, I have no doubt the men under my command 
would have acquitted themselves handsomely in fight, if opportunity 
had offered. Their conduct under arms was in every way creditable. 
Very respectfully, 

Your friend and servant, 

LEW. WALLACE, 
Maj. Gen. Volunteers, 



MORGAN RAID. 



REPORT OF LIEUT. W. H. SMITH, R. Q. M. & A. A. C. S. 

MAJOR GENERAL WALLACE S DIVISION. 



PROPERTY IMPRESSED. 

INDIANAPOLIS, July 28, 1863. 

GENERAL : 

I have the honor to submit the following statement of property 
impressed by order of Major General Lew. Wallace for the use of 
the United States forces under his command during the late Morgan 
expedition, and for which receipts were given by W. H. Smith, First 
Lieutenant and Regimental Quartei master of the 103d Regiment 
Indiana Militia, and A. A. C. S. General Wallace s Division : 

+ 
Taken at gunman, Indiana. 

Date. Name. Article Nett Weight. 

July 15... Jane Stewart ...Two head of cattle... .1000 pounds. 

...H. Ripka One 600 i; 

...J. Stagner Two 400 " 

...Michael Abplanalp...Two 400 " 

...C.Anderson- Three .... ..... 819 " * 

" ...A. Lawrence Two 640 " 

...Sam. J. Alden Two 1000 

" 16... James Yannus One " 450 " 

...F. Whitehead Two 650 " 

...H. Neiman. Two bushels of salt. 



14 MORGAN KAID. 

I 

Taken at Columbus, Indiana, July 11, 1863. 

Jacob Fortner, 1 grey horse, 16 hands high. 

W. P. Jones, 1 iron " " 15 

Henry Wykoff, 1 grey " 15 

Sam l Hege, 2 bay horses, 16 each. 

" 1 saddle, 2 bridles an$ 1 halter. 

B. B. Jones, 1 black horse, 17 hands high. 
1 bay "16 " 

" 1 " i4 15 hands and 3 inches high. 

u 1 " mare, 15 hands high. 

" 1 grey horse, 14 " 

" 5 bridles. 

Also, no name given , 1 bay mare, saddle and bridle ; no receipt 
given, no owner being found. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. H. SMITH, 
1st. Lieut., R. Q. M. 103d Regt., 
and A. A, C. S. Gen. Wallace s Di-o. 

To GEN L LAZ. NOBLE, 

Adjutant General Indiana . 



MEMORANDUM OF PROPERTY RECEIPTED FOR BY W. H. SMITH, 1ST LIEU 
TENANT AND A. A. Q. M., GEN. WALLACE S DIVISION, INDIANA MILITIA. 
MORGAN RAID. 

At Columbus, Ind. 

July 11 E. Nichols, 1 roan mare, 1 bridle and 1 saddle. 
July 11 John Young, 2 bay horses. 3 saddles and 2 bridles. 
July 11 S. McDermot, 3 saddles and 4 bridles. 

W. H. SMITH, 
1st Lieut. R. Q. M. 103d Reg t, 
and A. A. Q. M. Gen. Wallace s Div. 
Militia, Morgan Raid. 



MORGAN RAID. 



15 



REPORT OF GENERAL JOHN LOVE. 



INDIANAPOLIS, July 20, 1863, 

His EXCELLENCY, 0. P. MORTON, 

Governor of Indiana ; 

g IR : By appointment as your Aid-de-Camp to visit New Albany, 
on the receipt of news here that Morgan was in the vicinity of Cory- 
don, and to advise you of the condition of affairs there, I left this city, 
on tho 9th inst., at 4 o clock P. M.; reached Jeffersonville at 10, and 
New Albany at 11 P. M., where I found General James Hughes in 
command. General Hughes had made the best disposition possible 
of the forces under him. 

About two o clock A. M. of the 10th, we learned that Morgan did 
not intend an attack on New Albany, but was marching towards 
Salem. General Hughes being relieved from the command about 
this time, with his Staff, we took the early Jeffersonville train for 
Seymour, arriving at 10 A. M. General Hughes joined the troops 
ho had organized and stationed at Mitchell. 

I remained at Seymour to organize Minute Men, and make the 
necessary disposition to meet Morgan, should he advance on Sey* 
mour, as then appeared quite probable. There were at Seymour two 
regiments of United States volunteers. To enable me to command 
all the forces, General Willcox appointed me Acting Brigadier Gen 
eral. The town of Seymour was filled with men from the neighbor 
hood. These men were speedily organized, sworn into the State 
service for the emergency, and armed and equipped, to tho number 
of three hundred. Mounted men, armed with their own rifles and 



16 MORGAN RAID. 

shot-guns, were patrolling the country, and giving me information of 
the enemy s whereabouts. 

For several hours after certain information that Morgan had taken 
Salem, it was impossible to learn what course he would next take. 
If his object was to damage the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, then 
Mitchell would be the next place ; if to march on Indianapolis, as 
many supposed, then his route would be towards Seymour from Salem. 
At 2 o clock on the morning of the llth, an engineer on the Jefferson- 
ville Railroad arrived at Seymour, and reported that Morgan with 
his entire force was passing through Vienna at 6 o clock the evening 
before. 

Independent scouts, who left the vicinity of Salem at 6 o clock the 
evening before, reported Morgan s whole force marching towards 
Vienna. This information, confirmed by two different and reliable 
sources, satisfied me, and I so reported to your excellency, and to 
General Wilcox. It was the more satisfactory to get such reliable 
information at this time, as all sorts of reports were in circulation ; 
amongst others, that Morgan had actually taken Orleans, and was 
marching on Mitchell. About 3 o clock P. M. on the llth I 
received an order from General Willcox to proceed with my command 
to Vernon. 

Taking all the transportation at Seymour, we started for Vernon 
at 3|- o clock, with the Michigan Sharp-shooters, under Colonel De 
Land, and a battalion under Lieutenant Colonel Frank Hays, com 
posed of a portion of the 63d Indiana, and detachments of exchanged 
men. 

I turned over the post of Seymour to Captain M. W. Shields, of 
Jackson, who had been active in arousing the neighborhood to arms, 
and who placed himself at the head of the mounted men, and ren 
dered invaluable service. We reached North Vernon at about 4| 
o clock P. M., where the wildest excitement prevailed. Rumors 
were current that Morgan had three times demanded the surrender 
of Vernon, and was then within one mile of the town. At North 
Vernon, I found Colonel Burkhanr, with part of his Regiment, from 
Dearborn county, and ordered him to Vernon by the line of the rail 
road. In ten minutes, our column was on the old road to Vernon, a 
distance of two miles. By rapid marching, much of the time in 
double-quick, although the day was intensely hot, we reached Ver 
non at about 5 o clock, our men in. the best of spirits. When the 
head of the column reached Vernon, I received a message from Col. 
Williams, of Ohio county, then in command, to hasten in person to 



MORGAN RAID. 17 

the front. Here I found Col. Williams with an Aid of Morgan s, 
who was within our lines with a flag of truce, to demand, for the 
second time, the surrender of the town. I directed the Aid to say 
to Gen. Morgan that I had a sufficient force for my purpose, that the 
country was swarming with armed men, that it would be impossible 
for him to escape, and that if he would surrender to me, I would 
treat him as a prisoner of war. 

Having but 1,000 men, and assured that Morgan s whole force 
was around the town, I sent to Morgan to ask two hours to remove 
the women and children before he commenced the attack. He 
replied, he would give but fifteen minutes. It was now nearly dark ; 
the women and children were hurried out of the town, and disposi 
tion made to defend to the last. Arriving so late in the day, and a 
stranger to the country, and unacquainted with the roads, to and 
from the town, it was impossible to make such arrangements as I 
would otherwise have done. From reports brought me, and the 
firing in the rear towards North Vernon, I supposed Morgan intended 
to march round the town, take North Vernon, and so cut us off. The 
firing turned out to be a skirmish between some of our men and a 
detachment of Morgan s men, sent to damage the 0. & M. R. R. track 
to the west of North Vernon. Morgan s detachment reached the 
0. & M. R. R., but did no damage beyond such as was repaired in 
two hours. Having only about forty mounted men, it was impossi 
ble to get information of the movements of the enemy, our mounted 
men being employed as videttes to the picket stations, to prevent 
surprise. At 1 o clock at night, the Recorder of Jennings County, 
Thos. Riley, Esq., who was taken prisoner in the morning, made his 
way into town, and gave me information that Morgan had marched 
towards Dupont. I sent all the mounted men I could raise about 
twenty under Capt. Boyd, to follow him. Our scouts followed to 
within two miles of Dupont, returning about 8 o clock in the morn 
ing, with twenty prisoners, their horses, arms, and equipments. The 
prisoners were sent to this city. The women and children were sent 
for in time to reach their homes at daylight. I am pleased to be able 
to report, that beyond the natural alarm occasioned by so unexpected 
and apparently great danger, no serious disaster occurred to the 
women and children, the night being warm and cloudy. On the 
morning of the 12th, I joined my forces with Maj. Gen. Wallace, 
who arrived at Vernon at 9 o clock. 

Rumors were conflicting all day of the 12th. He was supposed 
to be attempting to escape by Madison. On the 13th we heard he 
M. R, 2 



MORGAN RAID, 



was at Versailles, when, on the evening of that day, we proceeded 
by rail to Osgood. 

On the 14th, Gen. Wallace marched by land towards Sunman, on 
the I. & C. R. R., joining Gen. Hughes at Milan. Our entire force, 
under Gen. Wallace, reached Sunman at 6 o clock P. M. of the 14th, 
after a fatiguing march of eighteen miles. Morgan now being far in 
the State of Ohio, our troops were brought to this city, and, on the 
17th, discharged. It is due to Col. Williams and his gallant regi 
ment from Ohio County, to say, that with only two hundred men of 
his regiment, and the armed citizens of Jennings County, he refused 
to surrender Vernon to Morgan s force of forty-five hundred, with 
five pieces of artillery. On my arrival at Vernon, I found Col. 
Williams had made the best disposition of the three small field pieces 
under his command, and that he was determined to hold out till 
reinforced. 

The failure to take Vernon was the first check Morgan had met 
with since entering our State, and, it is believed, embarrassed him, 
by turning him back on his route ten miles from the course he had 
probably marked out. His plan was, no doubt, to take North Ver 
non, and thus damage the roads centering there. It is proper that I 
should mention that James H. Vawter, Esq., of Vernon, and Col. James 
H. Cravens, of Ripley, were most active and energetic, ani rendered 
untiring service. No people could have behaved better than did the 
citizens of Vernon, and particularly would I speak of the women 
and children. When they found it was necessary for them to leave, 
temporarily, their homes, not an exciting sound or act escaped them, 
and all moved out calmly. It should be to us all a source of con 
gratulation at the alacrity and earnestness with which our citizens, to 
a man, sprang to arms, and vied with each other who should be fore 
most and render the most service. What Morgan s plans may have 
been, time has not yet developed, but if the most natural that of 
cutting our communications he signally failed in our State. So 
rapidly was he pursued, that he failed to break communication on 
any road for more than twenty-four hours, and many of them not 
more than six hours. We pursued him to the Ohio line, and I think 
turned him over to the care of Ohio in such an exhausted condition 
that I should not be surprised at the report of the rout and capture 
of his command being confirmed. My impromptu staff, consisting of 
Maj. C. T. Woolfolk, Surg. Thomas B. Harvey, Capts. J. L. Buell, 
H. A. N. Sain, C. Durham, and Charles Pool, were very efficient^ 
and rendered valuable assistance. My brigade, as finally organized 



MORGAN RAID. 19 

under Gen. Wallace, consisted of the Boone County regiment, under 
Col. Gregory ; the Hendricks County regiment, under the immediate 
command of Col. Bennet, of the 69th regiment Indiana Volunteers, 
who, though on sick leave, and then suffering, volunteered his ser 
vices ; the splendid battery of Yon Sehlen ; and, as before stated, 
the Michigan Sharpshooters ; and a battalion of the 63d regiment 
Indiana, and a detachment of exchanged men. It is with pleasure I 
bear testimony to the zeal and earnestness of every officer and sol 
dier of the brigade, and the uncomplaining endurance of the hard 
ships of this brief but exciting expedition. To Gen. 0. B. Willcox 
the State is under obligations for his hearty co-operation with the 
State authorities, and his energy and skill in the disposition of the 
forces. 

I have the honor to be, Governor, 

Very Respectfully, 

JOHN LOVE, 

Act g Brig. Gen, 



REPORT OF COLONEL JOHN A. MANN, 

COMMANDING IST REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS IST REG T IST BRIGADE, INDIANA LEGION, \ 
Mount Vernon, Ind., Dec. 10th, 1860. / 

To Major General John L. Mansfield, Indiana Legion : 

GENERAL: In compliance with your request, dated November 
27th ult., I have the honor to make the following report of the ope 
rations of the First Regiment, Indiana Legion, since my report to 
Major General John Love, dated December llth, 18G2 : 

During the early part of the year 1863, we had very frequent 
alarms, in consequence of threatened raids by guerrilla parties, in the 
counties of Henderson and Union opposite us in Kentucky. It was 
necessary, during the whole of the winter and spring, to keep up a 
constant vigilance. My cavalry company, Captain John D. Hinch, 
performed very frequent and valuable services. The infantry compa 
nies were frequently called out to do guard duty, both in Mount Vernon 
and along the river for eighteen miles below and fifteen miles above 
the town of Mount Vernon. Captain William Baker s company 
known as the " Pocket Guards " were very faithful in the dis 
charge of their duty ; the members of this company, living oppo 
site to Uniontown, in Union County, Ky., being the most exposed 
point on the border guarding, from time to time, the whole 
river coast, from the mouth of the Wabash to Slim Island, a dis 
tance of fourteen miles, always giving me timely notice of any 
movements on the opposite side of the river. During the month 
of March, 1863, considerabl excitement was created by a report 
that 500 guerrillas were crossing at Uniontown and marching on 
Mount Vernon. Being absent on that day, at Evansville. I heard of 
the threatened movement late at night, and immediately proceeded to 



MORGAN RAID. 21 

Mount Vernon. Arriving at 2 o clock A. M., I found everything had 
been done that was necessary for the defense of the town. The report, 
however, of the contemplated attack proved to be erroneous. A short 
time after this, Morgan crossed the Ohio river into Indiana. On the 
9th of July, late at night, I received orders from Governor Morton ta 
call out my regiment, and be in readiness for immediate service. 1 
sent messengers at once to notify the different companies, and, 
although some were fourteen miles away, every company was in town, 
with almost every man belonging to each, by 12 M. on the following 
day. 

At 3 o clock P. M., on the 10th, I received orders to hold myself 
in readiness to move at a moment s notice, stating that transports 
would be there for us that evening. At 9 o clock, the boat arrived 
took on board seven companies of infantry, but did not get away 
until the following morning, on account of fog in the river, Lieut. 
Col. Wm. H. Larkin being in command of the infantry on steamer, 
while myself and Major E. W. Murray accompanied the cavalry, 
under Captain John D. Hinch, by land. We reached Evansville at 
daylight (after a fatiguing night-march) on the 1 1th. 

The companies that went to Evansville were the " Mount Vernon 
Rifles," Captain Edward Brown ; the " Union Guards," Captain Phil 
ip Peter ; the " Independent Guards," Captain Nelson J. Nettlcton ; 
the "Prairie Guards," Captain Nath. B. Ashworth; the "Farmers- 
ville Guards," Captain Thos. Thompson; the "Pocket Guards," 
Captain Wm. C. Baker ; the " Hickory Ridge Guards," Captain N. 
C. Perry, and the " Posey Rangers," my cavalry company, under 
command of Captain John D. Hinch in all about 500 men. 

After the arrival of the boat with the infantry, we were assigned 
to quarters at " Camp Meade," which assumed the appearance of a 
regular military encampment. 

We remained there until the day following, when, hearing that 
Morgan was moving east towards Cincinnati, and fearing a guerrilla 
raid from Union county, Ky., I requested to be allowed to return 
home with my regiment to protect our own county ; General Farquhar 
thereupon, ordered me to take my cavalry and return to Mount Ver 
non, there to organize the local militia for defense. On leaving 
home for Evansville, I left Captain S. Milner, of the " Mount Ver 
non Artillery," with his battery, and Captain fyghtmyer, with the 
" Springfield Guards," under the command of the former, at Mount 
Vernon for its defense and I was highly gratified on my return to 
find that Captain Milner had, with his usual energy, organized the 



22 MORGAN RAID. 

local militia into companies, and had between four and five hundred 
men under arms so that, in the space of forty-eight hours, fully a 
thousand men were under arms, from the county of Posey, ready for 
any emergency. The other seven companies of infantry, in com 
mand of Lieutenant Colonel Wm. H. Larkin, remained at Evansville 
until Monday, the 13th, when General Farquhar becoming satisfied 
that all danger from Morgan had passed ordered them to return 
home, where, upon their arrival, the troops were drawn up in a line, 
the artillery firing a salute, to receive their brethren in arms. The 
reception was as hearty as though they had been absent on a year s 
campaign. Finding there was no longer a necessity for keeping the 
men under arms, I drew them up in line and dismissed them to their 
homes. The officers and men of the 1st Regiment deserve great 
praise for their promptitude and energy on this occasion. During 
the remainder of the year 1863, very little service was performed by 
my regiment, everything being quiet along the border during this 
period. 

Our services during the year 1864 were manifold, and part of the 
time arduous, the border being threatened more or less throughout 
the year. In March,, Forrest made his inroad into Western Ken 
tucky, and attacked Paducah. On leaving there, he moved to the 
Cumberland river, and crossed at Edgeville. 

As soon as the movement became known, I ordered my regiment 
to be in readiness for any emergency, fearing that he might attempt 
a move north and strike the Ohio, either at Uniontown or Henderson, 
and possibly cross the river into Indiana. The companies again ral 
lied promptly, and cheerfully performed the duty of standing guard 
and picket keeping a look-out for several days, until we heard of 
the rebels moving south, and the danger had passed. Things 
remained quiet, however, but a short time. About the 1st of June, 

the guerrillas began to come into Union and Henderson counties 

again threatening the quiet of the border. An attempt was made, 
during my absence to the East, to carry off a number of horses from 
Mount Vernon and vicinity ; and they were successful in stealing a 
fine horse from one of our citizens. Arriving at home during the 
excitement, I again adopted measures for our security. I ordered 
the Legion under arms established a permanent guard along the 
river to the mouth of the Wabash which duty was cheerfully per 
formed by the " Pocket Guards " and our companies in town. Our 
citizens, also, very promptly established a volunteer watch, which was 
kept up during the entire summer. About the 1st of July, the rebel 



MORGAN RAID. 23 

Colonels A. R. Johnson and Seipert, Majors Chenowith and Taylor, 
made their appearance in Union and Henderson counties, Kentucky, 
with considerable forces, establishing and enforcing a rigid conscrip 
tion, until their numbers were swelled to near a thousand men, 
mostly, however, very poorly armed. I reported the situation to 
General Carrington ; but he was unable to render us much assistance. 
He did, however, send us thirty men of the 46th Indiana, under 
command of Lieutenant Forgy, to aid us in guarding the river, 
which was now, at several points, fordable. 

About the first of August, Major General James Hughes arrived 
at Evansville, to superintend the defence of this part of the State. 
I immediately reported to him the State of affairs opposite to us, in 
Kentucky. General Alvin P. Hovey, being at home, received, about 
the first of August, a communication from General Hughes suggest 
ing an expedition into Kentucky against the rebel forces of Adam 
Johnson, requesting him (General Hovey) to take command of the 
expedition provided the services of the Legion could be procured 
for such an expedition. At a consultation with Lieutenant Colonel 
Larkin and myself, it was agreed that the effort should be made. I 
ordered all the companies of my regiment, including the cavalry and 
artillery, to report in town next day, at 9 o clock, armed and 
equipped, which they did, with commendable promptness. The 
proposition for an expedition into Kentuckey was made to them, and 
received with eiithusiasm four hundred of them at once volunteering 
to accompany the General to Kentucky. This was the 14th day of 
August. The forces sent by General Hughes from Vanderburgh 
and Warrick, began to arrive on the morning of the 15th, and, by 9 
o clock, A. M., the 16th, we had, in addition to my own men, 150 
cavalry and artillery from Vanderburgh, and Captain Stone s com 
pany of cavalry from Warriek, (50,) with about 250 men of the 46th 
Indiana Infantry Volunteers, and 200 of the 32d Indiana Infantry 
Volunteers, all on board transports, except our cavalry and artillery, 
whkh marched by land, on this side, to Uniontown, Kentucky all 
the forces reaching there about 12 o clock, M. General Hovey 
immediately pushed forward toward Morganfield, taking the rebels 
completely by surprise ; they, however, scattered in every direction, 
and but few were captured. A little after dark, all the forces had 
reached Morga.nfield. Next morning, General Hovey, with the 
cavalry, the Mount Vernon artillery, (2 pieces,) the 32d Indiana 
Infantry Volunteers, and a part of the Legion infantry, started out 
on an expedition to Gyger s Lake, the rebels being reported encamped 



24 MORGAN RAID. 

there ; but, after a hard chase, our forces failed to come up with the 
fleet-footed rebels. After his return in the evening, General Hovey 
learned that General Payne had arrived at Uniontown from Paducah, 
with 2,000 men. Shortly afterwards General Payne himself reached 
General Hovey s headquarters. After consultation, it was determined 
that our forces should move out towards Smith s Mills and Henderson, 
next morning. During the night it rained in torrents, in consequence 
of which our forces did not get under way until about 8 o clock. 
Major General James Hughes, having, during the night, reached 
Morganfield, now accompanied the expedition on its march to Hen 
derson. We reached Smith s Mills about 2 o clock, P. M., and 
encamped for the night; having captured at this place some five or 
six rebels, among the rest, the Adjutant of Colonel Seipert, who was 
wounded severely by some of our cavalrymen, under the impression 
that he was attempting to escape. On searching these officers, I 
found on one of them blank paroles for the Indiana Legion, showing 
an evident design on their part to make a raid into Indiana. Next 
morning, we again continued our march to Henderson, where we 
arrived at 11 o clock. General Hovey having ordered the transports 
to be there on our arrival, we immediately shipped our infantry and 
artillery on board the steamers for Mount Vernon, and ferried the 
cavalry across the Ohio, to take up the line of march for home. 
During our march, some fifty negroes came to our lines. By order 
of General Hovey, I had them taken to Evansville, and mustered 
forty of them afterwards into the service of the United States. I 
desire to say here that the officers and men of the 1st Regiment, as 
well as those from the counties of Vanderburgh and Warrick, who- 
accompanied the expedition, deserve the highest praise for their 
conduct, having borne themselves as well as veteran troops. I assure 
you, General, I felt proud of the Legion, of all arms infantry, 
cavalry and artillery ; the latter especially received the praise of all 
the regular officers, the Mount Vernon battery, especially being con 
sidered as efficient as most batteries in the regular volunteer service. 
Since the raid into Kentucky, we have had, to a great extent, quiet 
along the border. Before closing my dispatch, I wish to say, Gen 
eral, that the services of the Indiana Legion have been, by some, 
gre^lv undervalued. There is no doubt in my mind but that this 
organization has spared the Government the necessity of keeping, 
for at least a great portion of the time during the first, three years, at 
the lowest estimate, one regiment of troops in the counties of Posey, 
Vanderburgb and Warrick, thereby saving the annual expense of, 



MORGAN RAID. 25 

perhaps, half a million dollars, besides enabling our military authori 
ties to keep all regular forces at the front. In the hope that our 
next Legislature will so amend our militia law as to make it more 
efficient. 

I remain, General, your most humble and ob t. serv t., 

JOHN A. MANN, 
Colonel Commanding 1st Eeg t. Ind. Legion. 



REPORT OF COLONEL DANIEL F. BATES, 

COMMANDING 3o REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS SD REG T, IST BRIG., IND. LEG., > 
Newburgh, Warrick county, Ind., Nov. 25, 1864. J 

General Mansfield, Indianapolis, Indiana : 

SIR : In obedience to instructions received from you, Nov. 19th 
inst., I herewith transmit the following report of the 3d Regiment 
Indiana Legion : 

On the 8th day of July, 1863, 1 received orders from Governor 0. 
P. Morton to go into camp with my command at or near Newburgh 
to repel an invasion of John Morgan. In obedience to that order, I 
ordered out my regiment and stationed the companies as follows : 
Eight companies of infantry and one of artillery at Scuffletown Bar 
on the Ohio river ; one company of cavalry at Newburgh, to use 
as scouts ; two companies of infantry I mounted and sent out as 
scouts into the counties of Dubois, Orange and the upper part of 
Perry, as it was reported to me that Morgan was moving west. 

We remained in camp eight days, at which time I was ordered to 
relieve the companies of daily duty, but hold them in readiness for 
immediate service, if necessity required it. I let the men go to their 



26 MORGAN RAID. 

homes, but required two companies to stand guard on the river at the 
bar, as the water was so low it could be forded without any danger. 
This was kept up some two weeks, until we thought the danger was 
over, when it was abandoned. 

Nothing occurred to require the regiment to be called together 
until the 10th day of une last, when Adam R. Johnson was expect 
ing to make raids into Indiana. General Hughes directed me to go 
into camp with two companies of infantry, and furnish him with my 
cavalry company ; which done, I picketed the river the whole breadth 
of the county, and patrolled the bank each night while in camp ; and 
on the 15th of June, 1864, I was ordered to break up camp, and let 
my men return to their homes, which I did. 

Nothing has occurred since to cause us to come together. 

DANIEL F. BATES, 
Col. 3d Re g t Ind. Legion. 



REPORT OF CAPTAIN G. W. LYON, 

CRAWFORD Co. ARTILLERY, INDIANA LEGION. 



LEAVENWORTII, Ind., July 25, 1863. 

E. C. CALDWELL, Adjutant th Regiment Indiana Legion, Leaven- 
worth, Indiana : 

SIR : I have the honor to submit the following report of the part 
taken by the Crawford County Artillery in the recent engagement 
with Morgan s forces at Brandenburg. About 6 P. M. of the 7th 
inst. the steamer Lady Pike having been prevented from passing 
up, in consequence of the guerrillas at Brandenburg came down 
and gave the information that the rebels, under Morgan, were at 
Brandenburg, and had possession of the steamers McCombs and 
Alice Dean. Our cannon a six-pounder was immediately placed 



MORGAN RAID. 27 

aboard the Lady Pike, and in less than half an hour, with about 
thirty Home Guards, we were under way for the scene of action. 

The boat fearing to proceed further up, landed us about two miles 
below Mauckport, on the Indiana shore, to which point we took our 
cannon by hand. Upon our arrival there we placed ourselves in 
command of Col. Timberlake, who was at Mauckport with about 100 
Harrison County Home Guards, awaiting us. He marched us without 
halting, in the direction of Brandenburg, crossing Buck Creek at the 
mouth, in an old boat towed up from Mauckport for that purpose- 
There being no road, the taking of our cannon by hand through 
meadows, corn-fields, and wheat-fields, rendered our march by no 
means pleasant. We arrived opposite Brandenburg about 7 o clock 
next morning, after a tiresome march, and placed our gun in position 
on the river bank, in front of an old house, immediately opposite the 
landing, where the- two captured steamers were lying. About 8 
o clock the fog, which had been quite dense, partially disappeared, 
giving us a glimpse of the boats. We immediately opened fire. 
The first shot, which passed through the McCombs, took them com 
pletely by surprise, causing a general stampede. About 200 were 
aboard of the steamer and in the act of starting across, when our 
first fire notified them of our presence. They stood not upon the order 
of tneir going, not even waiting to run out the stage plank , which 
had been taken in, but jumped their horses over the guards of the 
boat and took up the road on double quick, amid the firing and shouts 
of our little squad. Quite a number were seen to fall from their 
horses, three of whom we have since learned were killed, and two of 
Morgan s staff and quite a number of privates are reported wounded 
some of them severely. We having been reliably informed that 
the enemy numbered less than 200 men, and were without artillery, 
refrained from firing upon the boats, after their abandonment by the 
rebels, with the hope of saving them. There being no enemy then 
visible, we ceased firing, and the Colonel commanding ordered the 
McCombs to come over and take our forces across the river, but for 
tunately for us she failed to comply. 

The rebels by this time had placed their guns in position and com 
menced shelling us from the Brandenburg Heights with two 12 and 
two 6-pounders, with telling effect. 

We being in an open field, with no covering whatever, save the old 
log house, which was soon made untenable by the well directed shots 
of the enemy, were forced to fall back, and finally, the enemy having 
crossed the river, compelled to abandon our gun, having taken it by 



28 



MORGAN RAID. 



hand a distance of one-half mile. Not expecting to leave the boat 
when we started out, nothing but the gun and carriage and limber 
box were taken with us ; consequently the limber and a portion of 
the fixtures were saved. A portion of the ammunition taken with 
us, which was concealed when the gun was taken, has since been 
recovered by the citizens of Maukport, as I am informed ; how much 
I am unable to state, as no report has been made to me. 

The men stood by the gun until it was ordered off the field, doing 
their duty nobly. 

Two men, Lieutenant Kerns and private Nance, of Harrison 
County, were killed while bravely assisting to remove the gun. Quite 
a number remained on the river bank amid the shot and shell of the 
enemy, bravely contesting their right to cross, until their boat had 
reached our shore, some of whom were captured, not having time to 
make their escape. 

Everything was done that could have been done, under the circum 
stances, to save our cannon. No blame can be attached to any one, 
so far as my command extended. 

I have the honor to be, 

Very Respectfully, 

G. W. LYON, 
Captain Crawford County Artillery. 



REPOBT OF ADJUTANT E. C. CALDWELL, 

5Tii REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS STH REG T. IND. LEGION, \ 
Leavenworth, July 25th, 1863. / 

Laz. Noble, Adjutant General Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind. : 

SIR : In pursuance of your request, I have the honor to submit 
the following report of the part taken by the Crawford county forces 



MORGAN RAID. 



29 



in the recent pursuit of the invaders of our own State, under Morgan. 
On the morning of the 8th inst, Captain G. W. Lyon, with one piece 
of ordnance, in connection with a small squad of infantry from this 
(Harrison) county, disputed the crossing of Morgan s men at Bran 
denburg, the particulars of which are herewith furnished in a report 
made to me by Captain George W. Lyon ; from which report you 
will see that our gun, gun-carriage and limber-box were lost; the 
limber and ither fixtures were saved. The following is a description 
of the gun : " Caliber, 3-inch rifle ; heavily stamped, No. 422. : 
The news of the repulse of our forces at Brandenburg, and the loss 
of our cannon, and the subsequent crossing of Morgan s entire com 
mand, brought together at this point over 500 men ; and we having 
learned that the rebels were marching on Corydon, started early on 
the morning of the 9th in that direction. Two hundred of our men, 
who were mounted under Captain Lamb, went in the direction of 
Mauckport, near where the rebels crossed over ; the remaining 
force, in command of Captain N. N. Morgan and myself, took 
the road to Corydon. "When within about 3 miles of Corydon, we 
were informed that the enemy had taken Corydon, and were 
moving in the direction of Leavenworth, by the road we were 
on. We at once selected the most available position, felled timber 
across the road, and placed ourselves in ambush, and prepared 
to receive them. We were, in a short time, joined by Captain 
Lamb s command, who, having learned that Morgan had gone to 
Corydon, and was marching in the direction of Leavenworth, aban 
doned his route, and came through to reinforce our command. We 
remained here for the night, resting on our arms. At daylight, we 
took up our line of march in the direction we started out, arriving at 
Corydon about 9, A. M. The enemy had gone in the direction of 
Salem. We awaited at Corydon the arrival of General Hobson s 
forces, who arrived about 11, A. M., to whom we at once reported 
for duty. He ordered our cavalry in his advance, and our infantry 
in the direction of New Albany. We (the infantry) immediately 
started in the direction ordered. When within about one mile of 
Edwardaville, we were halted by Major Sabin s pickets; and, having 
reported ourselves, were, by the Major, ordered to remain for the 
night, (it being then 1 o clock at night,) outside of his lines. An 
alarm was sounded in about one-half hour from the time of our halt 
ing ; and, in pursuance of orders, we resumed our march in the direc 
tion of New Albany, where we arrived about daylight. We reported 
to Major Fry, who ordered us to report to Colonel McCurdy, at 



30 MORGAN RAID. 

Camp Noble, near New Albany, where we remained awaiting furthe 
orders until the 15th inst., when we were ordered to return to Leaven- 
worth the information having been received that a detached squad 
of the guerrillas were in that vicinity, committing their usual depre 
dations. We were promptly furnished with transportation, by the 
river, and two pieces of artillery. We arrived at Leavenworth with 
out accident; the men, however, were very much fatigued. The 
report of the guerrillas being in the vicinity was withoi* foundation. 

A most worthy citizen of our county, (Lieutenant Calvin Martin,) 
has since died, in consequence of disease contracted during the 
march. 

Reports of the exact number, and names of the persons engaged, 
and the length of time served, and, also, as to subsistence, etc., fur 
nished, will be forwarded as early as practicable. 

Great praise is due, and should be given, to the citizens of this 
and all other counties through which we passed, for the kind treat 
ment shown us, and their extraordinary efforts to render us com 
fortable. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your ob t. serv t, 

ED. C. CALDWELL, 
Adjutant 5/A Reg t. Indiana Legion. 

P. S. Our cavalry, under Captain Lamb, {above referred to,) 
followed in pursuit as far as Harrison, Ohio, where they were 
discharged by Colonel Dunham. This fact I omitted in my report 
above. E. C. C. 



REPORT OP COLONEL LEWIS JORDAN, 

COMMANDING GTH REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS GTH REG T 2D BRIG. IND. LEG,, 1 
Corydon, Ind., Aug. 11, 1863. / 

To L. Noble, Adjutant General of the State of Indiana : 

The undersigned, Colonel of said regiment, would make the follow 
ing report of the doings of said regiment during the late Morgan 
Raid through Indiana : 

Notice was given me by Lieutenant Colonel Irvin on Tuesday 
evening late, the 7th July last, that at about 5 o clock P. M. of 
that day, two steamboats McCombs and Alice Dean had been 
pressed by a rebel force at Brandenburg, Ky. I took immediate 
steps to have my regiment under arms, and ordered Major Pfrimmer 
to report to Lieutenant Colonel Irvin at Mauckport. I also sent 
Captain Farquar, of the Cavalry, with a squad of his men, that he 
might dispatch me all necessary information of the operations of the 
rebels. During the night a six pounder field piece, under the com 
mand of Major Woodbury, Captain Lamb, and a squad of men from 
Leayenworth, arrived opposite Brandenburgh, Ky., which opened fire 
on the rebels about 8 o clock on the morning of the 8th of July, the 
fog having just disappeared from the river. The rebels soon suc 
ceeded in placing four field pieces in position, and sent shot and shell 
at our forces, driving them from their gun, killing two of our men, 
one of them a Lieutenant. Two companies of this regiment, the 
Mauckport Rifles and Heth Rifles, being near at hand, some of 
the men aided in firing the gun. The rebels commenced crossing in 
a boat, which was compelled to land a half mile or more above, as 
Colonel Timberlake, with a party of twelve or fifteen men, rallied to 
to the gun, and succeeded in firing several times while the boat was 
crossing, but without causing any injury to the boat; they being com- 



32 MORGAN RAID. 

pelled to abandon the gun. The enemy crossed over in such force, 
with the aid of their field pieces on the opposite side of the river, 
that our forces were compelled to fall back. Skirmishing was kept 
up on the different roads, under the direction of Major Pfrimmer 
(Colonel Irvin having oome back to Corydon), a report of whose 
operations is herewith returned, until he fell back to the forces under 
my immediate command, six miles out on the Mauckport road (the 
two companies Heth Rifles and Mauckport Rifles having been cut 
off from our forces), where about two hundred men were under me, 
on the evening of the 8th July. I then gradually fell back on the 
morning of the 9th of July, to within a mile of Corydon, where I 
caused temporary breastworks and obstructions to be hastily made, 
extending my command one half mile east and west, commanding all 
the roads coming from the river, at which time I had under my com 
mand, of the Legion and citizens, a force of 400 to 450. 

I kept out a sufficient picket force in front, who skirmished with 
the enemy continually on the morning of the 9th, and gradually 
fell back before the main force of the enemy, to my line of defences, 
on my main force ; the rebels appearing in force all along my line 
about 1 o clock P. M., on the 9th of July, first firing on my left, 
which was held by Captain George W. Lahue, of the Spencer Guards, 
who repulsed the enemy three times, losing one man, and wounding 
a large number of rebels ; after which the rebels, being largely rein 
forced, Captain Lahue gradually fell back in good order ; when the 
enemy opened along my whole line. Our forces replied to their fire, 
holding our position thirty minutes, when the enemy opened with 
three pieces of artillery, with shell and shot, and they appearing in 
such overwhelming numbers, seeing my forces could no longer suc 
cessfully contend against such odds, I gave the order to fall back 
through Corydon, which was done in good order, until it was ascer 
tained that the rebel forces had almost surrounded the town, which 
caused considerable confusion. The enemy commenced shelling the 
town; I was compelled to surrender it with such of my forces as had 
not escaped. Three hundred and forty-five men were paroled by 
General Morgan, among them about one hundred and forty members 
of the Legion, the others being citizens, many of whom had not 
been in arms, they making prisoners of all. Morgan remained in 
town until night, his forces robbing the stores, and levying 2100 on 
the mills one hour being given to raise the money, or he would 
burn the mills. The money was paid. 



MORGAN RAID. 33 

Many of the prisoners he took were robbed of their hats, boots, 
and clothing; also of such amounts of money as they had on their 
persons. The rebels acknowledged a loss of thirty-seven. Too 
much praise cannot be given to the citizens generally for their aid in 
the fight. I am under obligations to Major Stout, of New Albany, 
Capt. George L. Key, Capt. 1. D. Irwin, and Col. John Timberlake, 
who volunteered to assist, and were efficient aids in the conflict. 
Major Pfrimmer and Adjt. Heth acted with promptness, and were 
efficient in carrying out my orders. Lieut. Col. Irwin reported to 
me on the morning of the 9th, and left without leave before the fight 
commenced, and has made no satisfactory report of his doings to me 
since. Some action should be had in his case. In the engagement oppo 
site Brandenburg and near Corydon, four of our men were killed, 
and two wounded, viz : Lieut. Current, of the Mauckport Rifles, and 
Harry Stapleton, of the Legion, were killed; also, Nathan McKinzie 
and George Nance, citizens. John Glenn, of the Ellsworth Rifles, 
"was severely wounded, and Jacob Ferrace, a citizen, (one of the 
County Commissioners) was severely wounded, and has since died. 
Isaac Lang, belonging to the Scott Rifles, under Captain A. B. Cams, 
died from over-heat in the battle. Morgan s forces killed Peter 
Glenn, and burned his houses and barns, he having been induced to 
come where Morgan s forces were, near his residence, by a flag of 
truce, and having no arms. William Heth, a citizen, was shot down 
near the town. Others were shot at, and two boys were crippled, in 
the north part of our county. On Wednesday morning, the 8th day 
of July, after having received reliable official information of the fact 
that th enemy in force had crossed the river, I dispatched a messen 
ger to Maj. Thos. W. Fry, Commander of the Post at New Albany, 
Indiana, informing him of the artillery firing there, the casualties, and 
the first crossing of the rebel forces, and requesting that assistance 
and artillery be sent us. The dispatch reached him on the 8th, at 12 
o clock, twenty-five hours before the rebels appeared in force before 
my lines here. I dispatched three or four times afterward, the same 
day, requesting assistance and artillery, also, on the following morn 
ing. Assistance and artillery was promised, but for some cause it 
was nerer sent from New Albany. An infantry force of drilled men 
of 2,000, and two pieces of artillery which I think could have been 
sent would have defeated the rebels and prevented the capture of 
the town. Of this I have no doubt. What guns were in the armory 
not drawn by organized companies, were given to the citizens. We 
have 500 guns in good order, with proper accoutrements, in the com- 

M. R. 3 



MORGAN RAID. 



panies, and left in our armory. The otters drawn by this county 
have been captured and destroyed by the rebels ; however, a few may 
be reported hereafter. If so, I will make a proper report thereof. 
Some 500 horses were captured from citizens of this county, and but 
few have been recovered. Eleven wounded rebels were left in our 
charge, two of whom died. The remainder were reported to Major 
Fry at New Albany, two of whom were Lieutenants. Sixteen of a 
party who crossed at Twelve Mile Island, above Louisville, intending 
to join Morgan s forces, were captured by men belonging to my com 
mand, one of whom was a Captain, and reported to Major Fry at 
New Albany. Nineteen very good horses were captured by the 
Legion, and being claimed by the I>eputy Provost Marshal and others, 
under United States authority, were delivered into their custody. 
Respectfully reported. 

LEWIS JORDAN, SB., Colonel 



PAROLE OF IND. MILITIA AND MINUTE MEN, AT CORYDON, 



HEADQUARTERS MORGAN S DIVISION, \ 
Cory don, Ind., July 9. 1863. / 

We, the undersigned, being part and parcel of the United States 
forces, having been taken prisoners at Corydon, Indiana, this 9th 
day of July, 1863, by the Confederate States cavalry under command 
of Brigadier General John H. Morgan, on condition of our being 
released on parole, do solemnly swear that we will not bear arms 
against the Confederate States during the present war, nor will we 
perform any military duty, or aid or abet their enemies in any way 
whatsoever ; nor will we disclose anything we have seen or heard in 
the Confederate States army to its prejudice. So help us, God. 

Sworn before me, this 9th day of July, 1863. 

BY COMMAND OF BRIG. GEN. JOHN H. MORGAN. 

JOHN H. GREEN. A. A. G. 

LEWIS JORDAN, Colonel Commanding. 



MORGAN RAID. 



35 



W. G. Heith, 
A. W. Uhodis, 
L. W. Evans, 
Fred. Stoher, 
R. M. Smith, 
W. A. McKee, 
G. W. Rothenk, 
J. J. Rowe, 
Phil. Shreck, 
A. Burges, 
J. T. Heith, 
W. J. Landen, 
D. J. Venner, 
John Gerdon, 
W. M. Crisp, 
J. F. Zimmerman, 
R. A, Briggs, 
P. T. Gresham, 
H. S. Wolfe, 
P. Embs, 
Frank Embs, 
M. Kapp, 
M. P. Jacobs, 
M. Jones, 
Jackson Read, 
Daniel Jacobs, 
William Jacobs, 
John V. Adams, 

L. Jacobs, 

James Wiseman, 

John A. Brown. 

S. Chaviss, 

J. Albin, 

Ambrose Shreck, 

J. Moltan, 

L. F. Love, 

Thomas Gresham, 

R. II. Hith, 

L. Brown, 

Phil. Conrad, 

James Fleshman, 



B. Jordan, 

J. A. Deatink, 
J, H. Weaver, 
M. B. Clark, 

C. H. Jordan, 
G. W. McBride, 
H. C. Brown, 

F. G. Bell, 

B. P. Senseng, 
E. Rowe, 

G. W. Long, 

J. P. Louden, * 

J. Bowman, 

S. Keneday, 

Henry Imbleman. 

L. Lindsey, 

Henry Damenfelser, 

Jacob Bruce, 

J. Sonner, 

J. R. R. Sonner, 

B. Miller, 

Joseph Stanecypher, 

William Grass, 

A. Neeley, 

J. Jamison, 

John Ransom, 

James Holsclan, 

N. W. Stevens, 

L. McCown, 

D. Huffstutter, 

A. Ellis, 

W. Charley, 

John Simpson, 

W. N. Trace well, 

D. Sappenfield, 

E. Wright, 

John J. Huffman, 
Y. T. Funk, 
Robert Mozier, 
D. A. Kechner, 
J. J. Wilson, 



J. Long, 
L. Brandenburg, 
Thomas Riley, 
A. W. Rusk, 
James Howe, 

E. C. Lemon, 
James Stallings, 
M. Evans, 

J. Y. B. McRea, 

J. E. Albin, 

John T. Ruckenbach, 

Robert Cottier, 

J. W. Evans, 

M. Bayer, 

John C. Brown, 

A. M. Thurston, 

L. R. Sturens, 

F. M. Shoemaker, 
Alix Wright, 

A. Miller, 
A. Blunk, 
J. Sutton, 
J. Markel, 
W. Gibbs, 
W. E. Marshall, 
L. Hum, 
L. B. Doll, 
J. M. Jackson, 
J. M. Riley, 
John Wagoner. 
A. Wentz, 
R. J. Conrad, 
G. J. Hubbard, 
J. K. Wolfe, 
John Hartman, 
A. James, 
A. K. Saw, 
J. Pithnan, 
J. H. Davis, 
L. Thomas, 
J. Pithnan, 



36 



MORGAN RAID. 



William Evans, 
W. H. Grace, 
L. Cotuer, 
H. Huffman, 
Cad. Wolfe, 
Silas Melcom, 
J. M. Smith, 
C. Elwanger, 
0. W. Miller, 
A. J. Walk, 

E. Lindsey, 
L. G. Saffer, 
Thomas Lowe, 
John W. Dick, 
J. Wright, 

F. M. Crandall, 
John A. Arnold, 
Eli Kingeny, 
Henry Walter, 

A. Brown, 
W. J. Miles, 

W. M. Holtsclaro, 

W. H. Kintner, 

John S. Arnold, 

James Emely, 

W. H. Blankenbeker, 

E. W. Hutter, 

R. Sharp, 

Thomas Cottinggin, 

Thomas Lyskomiski, 

J. Truer, 

J. Emily, 

H. M. Hogan, 

B. Downs, 

C. M. Miller, 
W. Ruth, 
M. Hise, 

W. H. Tueley, 
M. G. Beard, 
J, Jones, 

D. B. Bell, 



S. W. Wents, 
Samuel Luckett, 
George Brown, 
John Hedge, 
G. W. Miller, 
A. Ruthrock, 
W. A. Semay, 
J. A. Albin, 
J. S. Yenner, 

F. McRac, 

J. A. Westfall, 

G. W. Flock, 

M. D. L. Stallings, 

J. Case, 

W. D. Jones, 

D. W. Thompson, 
W. C. Rush, 

M. Lemuel, 
David Rice, 
W. J. Boling, 
James W. Totten, 
C. C. Bym, 
David Leffner, 
Thomas R. Bordnell, 
William Detrick, 
H. T. Grable, 
John De Moss, 
Levi Shield, 
H. Young, 
John H. Shields, 
M. Cooper, 
John Hoover. 
P. C. Faulker, 

E. Welther, 
Peter Cohert, 
Phil. Brubeck, 
J. H. Brown, 
Henry Bowly, 
Frank Goss, 
J. Lewis, 

J. D. Lemay, 



John Wright, 
W. H. Riley, 
John J. Runtz, 
George Flock, 
W. H. Smith, 
Samuel Simpson, 
J. Markwell, 
W. D. Gibbs, 
George Lemel, 

D. A. Miller, 
M. Gehllarx, 
Andrew Pitman, 
John H. Peyton, 
Victor Gravis, 
J. A. Bines, 

C. Grant, 
William Remhart, 
David Hooban, 
Beverly Herold, 
J. S. Hannah, 
John Hildebrand, 
John T. Dentich, 
P. Sinclair, 

B. T. Ferguson, 
John A. Bloon, 
A. W. Hancock, 

E. Hancock, 
William McFarland, 
N. Deweese, 
James Yahm, 
David Summers, 
A. Kennedy, 

W. H. Vemur, 
John Zenowin, 
Nimrod Hurst, 

F. W. Mathews, 

C. H. Paper, 
C. Duggins, 
J. T. Tindall, 
W. H Albin, 
W. R. Shuck, 



MORGAN RAID. 



37 



C. Kintner, 
F. L. Bayler, 
John Hawn, 
M. Lincoln, 
George Rudy, 
P. McClaren, 

F. M. Bline, 
J. Kingsley, 
L. Leach, 
John Jones, 

G. Wilcox, 

L. D. Ulyman, 
Peter Walter, 
Daniel McCoy, 
Daniel Strangs, 
M. Kirkham, 
William Hartham, 
M. Rising, 
E. G. Busoe, 
H. G. Famsley, 
Samuel McCloud, 
Henry Waen, 
J. Conrad, 
W. Shield, 
H. Smith, 
N. G. Melton, 
J. B. Davis, 
Jacob Walter, 
Daniel Fleshman, 
William Harmon, 
J. L. Daveese, 
L. Rosenberger, 
James McCoy, 
B. Blankenburker, 
Peter F. Ruper, 
J. Alburs, 



J. Hemoas, 
T. C. Slaughter, 
John H. Anderson, 
George Choffet, 
E. Cromwell, 
J. H. Hudson, 
G. S. Ott, 
Jacob Fry, 
A. J. Peyton, 
W. Solomon, 
J. T. McEvans, 
A. M. Tuel, 
Clark Funk, 
John Gabb, 
S. J. Foster, 
H. P. Hum, 
A. Roberts, 
Benjamin Boston, 
M. Sears, 
W. II. Hurst, 
E. Turner, 
James Sham, 
L. Glugour, 
James Armstrong, 
William Howard, 
Thomas Mosier, 
H. Seacott, 
Theo. J. Martin, 
J. R. Hendson, 
John Hendricks, 
James A. Moore. 
John Kannafel, 
D. Armstrong, 
A. J. Zimmerman, 
T. Burns, 



J. W. Mogvis, 
Charles H. Reader, 
L. Mayfield, 
W. D. Funk, 
S. Stout, 
J. Kirkman, 
Fred. Bloom, 
George Shuck, 
John Styne, 
Charles M. Scott, 
J. W. Conrad, 
Henry Lowe, 
William Coleman, 
S. Sappefield, 
A. Stevens, 
M. Sappenfield, 
J, A. Walk, 
A. Armstrong, 
George Charley, 
M. Kannappel, 
Jacob Kunner, 
William Blunk, 
James Hudson, 
James McMillan, 
F. Hall, 
John S. Sears, 
William Danner, 
A. Ollvis, 
S. Barrow, 
William Benson, 
Daniel King, 
W. M. Lome, 
John Landaum, 
James Ellis, 
Benjamin Armstrong. 



REPORT OF CAPTAIN ROBERT DEMY, 

COMMANDING Two COMPANIES WASHINGTON COUNTY MINUTE Mm 



Major General James ffuyhe*, Commanding Indiana Legion: 

GENERAL : In compliance with your verbal order of the 9th day 
of July, 1863, I proceeded to enroll all the minute men that offered 
their services to repel the raid of the rebel General John Morgan, 
and by 5 P. M. had the satisfaction to report to you, by telegraph, 
from Salem, 110 men. In answer, I received your order, by tele 
graph, to have my company ready to go on train to Mitchell next 
day, to be armed. I found that, for raw troops, there were too many 
men to be handled in one company, and on the morning of the 10th, 
I formed my men into two companies, under command of Captain 
George R. Carr and Peter Kopp, and fully completed the organiza 
tion by 9 A. M., and was in readiness for transportation. 

I formed the companies into a battalion, and at 10 A. M^ shipped 
for Mitchell, having an aggregate of 150 men, rank and file, which 
I reported you by telegraph. This number was soon increased, until 
the companies were filled up .above the maximum number. At 2 
A. M. of the llth, I was violently attacked with bloody flux, but con 
tinued on duty until toward noon, when I became so much prostrated 
as to be unable to give any further attention to duty. 

Previous to this, in compliance with your order, I detailed ten 
picked men from my companies, under command of Sergeant A. 
Hitchcock, to guard a train as near Salem as practicable. 

This was the last duty I performed under your immediate orders, 
and, finding myself sinking very fast from the continued attack of 
ilux, I came home for treatment, on the train carrying the detailed 
guard. 

On the evening of the 12th, having satisfactory assurance that the 
danger was over in the vicinity of the train, I took the responsibility 



MORGAN RAID. 39 

vto order the guard to report to me at Campbellsburg, on the 13th, at 
8 A. M., which they did ; and, as I had begun to recover partially, I 
took command of the squad, with some additional volunteers who 
offered their services to join your command, all of which I took to 
Mitchell, where I reported to Colonel Kise, Post Commander, who 
ordered us forward by the 0. & M. R. R., to join your command. 
We got transportation to Seymour, on the night of the 13fch, where 
I reported to the officer in command of the Post, who ordered us 
forward, on the morning of the 14th, to Osgood. 

On reaching Osgood, Colonel Mulky ordered me to halt my squad 
and guard a supply train lying at that place. I remained at Osgood 
until the evening o?f the 15th, when I obtained transportion for four 
cars of supplies belonging to your command, and twenty-eight men, 
and brought them to Tripton or North "Vernon, where I remained 
over night. Here I reported to Adjutant General Noble, by tele 
graph, on the morning of the 16th, and, learning that the minute 
men were being disbanded, and several of the men with me being 
farmers, whose crops were wasting, I brought the men under my 
command to Campbellsburg, and took their arms and accoutrements, 
(eleven sets not all complete) and sent them home. I also took the 
arms of some men who were sent back on the march, on account of 
sickness, with their arms, and those of some men who had been 
armed by 2d Lieutenant H. A. Smith, of Captain Carr s Company 
H, 10th Regiment, without having been enrolled or sworn in. I 
have, up to the present time, (Saturday, July 18th) collected in all 
seventeen stands, and have information of two other stands that I 
will endeavor to obtain. These I will take to Indianapolis the com 
ing week and turn over to the Adjutant General, unless I am other 
wise ordered. Hoping that this report of my services, though they 
may not have -been entirely regular, may receive your approval, 
I have the honor to remain, General, 

Your most obedient servant, 

ROBERT DENNY, 

Senior Captain, Commanding Companies H and C : . Minute Men. 

CAMPBELLSBURG, Ind,, July 18, 1863. 



REPORT OF LIEUT. AAR03T W. GORDON,, 

COMMANDING COMPANY OF WASHINGTON COUNTY LEGION. 

NEW PHILADELPHIA, | 

Washington Co., Ind., Dec. 9, 1864. / 

On the 9th day of July, 1863, an order was received by Captain 
John Davis (then commanding company), from Gen. Hughes, to 
report at Salem, with his company, on the following day, there to 
receive guns for the company and go on the Morgan raid. When 
the company arrived at Salem, the town was occupied by Morgan, 
and all the company were taken prisoners. 

The company has spent 40 days in drilling. 

When it was reported that Morgan was in the State, the company 
was ordered out by Col. Dunham, of the 50th Indiana. The order 
was verbal. Marched to Hardinsburg, which took two days. 

None of the company were killed, wounded, or captured, during, 
the last mentioned service. 

AARON W. GORDON, 
First Lieut. Commanding Company.. 



REPORT OF ANDREW J. BURRELL,. 

COMMANDING VALONIA MOUNTED MINUTE MEN. 



YALONIA, IND., December 2, 1864. 
William T. Jones, A. A* 6r., Cory don, Indiana: 

SIR : I am in receipt of your order of the 28th ult., and hasten a 
reply. 

Rifles" were organized Ln the summer 1861, CQmmanded,by 



MORGAN RAID. 



Captaain S. T. Wells, who is now in the United States service. The 
officers, and most of the privates of said organization, went into the 
volunteer service in October of said year, since which time the com 
pany has never drilled, or met as a company. As I am the only 
officer of said company that has returned from the army, I respect 
fully submit the above. 

It might be proper to state that I organized (only temporarily) a 
company of mounted men, in obedience to a call by Governor Morton, 
of July, 1863, for the purpose of pursuing John Morgan, styled 
u The Valonia Minute Men." We were out some six or seven days, 
under General Love s orders at Seymour a part of the time.. 
Nothing transpired worthy of note. 

Respectfully, ANDREW J. BURRELL. 



REPORT OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM FORQUOR, 

COMMANDING " MOUNTED HOOSIERS," GTH REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION- 



HEADQUARTERS MOUNTED HOOSIERS, GTH REG. IND, LEG., 1 
Cbrydon, August 15, 1863. / 

Colonel Lewis Jordan, Commanding : 

SIR : In obedience to a request from headquarters, I hereby 
append a precise report of men, and arms captured in the recent 
engagement with John H. Morgan during his raid in Indiana, from 
the time of his crossing at Brandenburg, until the surrender of Cory- 
don, July 9, 1863. 

Being at Mauckport when the information was received that a 
large rebel force were attempting a crossing at Brandenburg, I imme 
diately repaired to Cory don, and notified my company to report at 
Corydon forthwith. 

I summoned what men were nearest at hand, and immediately pro- 
seeded to the scene of action being on duty about one hour and a 



MORGAN RAID. 

half, my men all detailed as couriers. I was ordered to Mauckport, 
to rally all the men at that place ; but failing, I was ordered, with 
one or two, to reconnoiter. Soon finding myself, however, in close 
proximity with the enemy, began a speedy retreat. Being under a 
cross fire of the enemy, my horse became unmanageable" and ran 
slightly against a tree, which entirely disabled me; whereupon 
First Lieutenant De Moss assumed command of th company. They 
were on duty all night, skirmishing with the enemy, and made 
several very narrow escapes. 

On the .morning of the 9th, the Orderly was ordered to hold such 
of the company as were not on duty to be ready for any emergency. 
Information being received that the enemy were advancing, he was 
ordered out to meet and skirmish with them. Coming up with Major 
Pfrimmer, at Glenn s residence, the cavalry were formed for a charge. 
Soon the enemy came in sight, and, with drawn sabres, a charge was 
ordered, which resulted in the loss to the enemy of one man killed, 
and two prisoners. 

The enemy being reinforced, we were oblied to fall back slowly 

and reluctantly, disputing every step, until we reached headquarters 

formed there on the right of the line, exposed to the enemy s shells. 
Our arms being of insufficient range, we were compelled to retire 
but in good order. 

Pursued by a superior force, we retreated to the Pilot Knob, and 
there maintained our position until the surrender of the town, with 
the loss of eleven captured, as follows, viz : 

Serg. Henry Grable, John Swarts, Lorenzo Shuek, 

William II. Hottell, Greorge Rudy, Peter McLaren, 

John De Moss, John Overton, Francis M. Bline. 

Henry Read, James Mayer, 

LOSS OF ARMS. 

Twenty-three sets, including the loss of fourteen horses, valued as 
follows, viz: 

Sergeant Painter, 1 mare, 150 GO 

John De Moss, 1 mare, 125 00 

F. M. Bline, 1 mare, 135 00 

J. J. Overton,! mare, 150 00 

W. II. Hudle, 1 mare, 135 00 

H. Matson, 1 mare, .... ..,... 120 00 



MORGAN RAID. 43 

A. A. Wright, 1 mare, 85 00 

James Mayers, 1 mare, 125 00 

Francis Frovel, 1 mare, 110 00 

George D. Beau, 1 mare, 115 00 

George Charles, 1 mare, 120 00 

John V. Stevens, 1 mare, 150 00 

W. II. Read, 1 mare, , 150 00 

Henry Read, 1 mare, 150 00 

Captain William Forquor, 1 mare, 150 00 

Total value of horsey lost while in service. $1,970 00 

We would once more suggest, in addition to the requisition that 
has already been made, the propriety of furnishing us with arms 
worthy of this branch of the service, as those that we get are hard 
a great many of which are of no use, the locks being out of order. 

I would further state that I have not yet recovered from the shock 
I received whilst on my retreat, near Brandenburg. 

I should have reported sooner but for the wound received. I have 
been part of the time unable. 

WILLIAM FORQUOR, 
Capt. Mounted Hoosiers, 6th Reg. Ind. Leg. 



REPORT OF LT. COL. JAMES F. M C CURDY, 

SEVENTH REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



NEW ALBANY, July 22, 1863. 
Adjt. Gen. Laz. Noble: 

GENERAL : In compliance with instruction from you, I have the 
honor to report the part taken by the men under my command during 
the "Morgan raid" in this section of the State. On Wednesday, 
the 8th day of July, 1863, information reached us that Morgan was 



MORGAN RAID. 

crossing (with a considerable force of mounted men) the Ohio river, 
at Mauckport. On the receipt of this intelligence, an immediate call 
was made for men the Legion, being completely disorganized, could 
not be made effective. At this time Col. E. A. Maginness was in com 
mand. Very little progress was made towards organization during 
the day. On Wednesday evening Col. Maginness turned over the 
command to me. On Thursday morning I received an order from 
Gen. Boyle, Louisville, Ky., to make an immediate enrollment of the 
militia. 

I understood this order to mean a forcible enrollment, it seeming 
the only mode of procedure by which any important result could be 
accomplished. 

Thursday, at 2 P. M., more men were enrolled and formed into 
companies than could be furnished with arms. 

I started with the armed men to Edwardsville, to co-operate with 
some Regular Volunteer Infantry, and one section of a Battery, that 
had preceded us to that point. 

The enemy was supposed, at that time, to be advancing on the 
Cory don road to New Albany, having already compelled the surren 
der of Corydon. Our forces at Edwardsville being too small to 
assume offensive movements, we chose a strong natural position, 
hoping to hold Morgan s forces in check until reinforcements reached 
us thus giving the Federal forces in his rear, an opportunity to close 
up on his rear. We threw out pickets, and sent out mounted scouts, 
holding ourselves in readiness for any alarm. Early on the morning 
of the 10th, the scouts brought in information that the enemy had 
left Corydon, and were moving in the direction of Palmyra, My 
command was immediately ordered back to New Albany, on a 
forced march. We passed through New Albany without halting, 
and took position on the Greenville road. We remained in 
this position until Saturday morning, our numbers increasing, by 
those who obtained arms after we first left the city a supply having 
arrived sufficient to arm companies that could not be furnished at first. 

Saturday morning, about 10 o clock, we were ordered to move up 
on the road leading to Jeffersonville, leaving a strong picket on the 
Greenville road. We were stationed on the Jeffersonville road about 
two hours when we were ordered to change to the Charlestown road, 
as that appeared to be the most exposed point. Pickets and mounted 
scouts were thrown out from this point broadcast through the sur 
rounding country. We remained camped at this point until Tuesday 
evening, when the command was ordered to the city and dismissed. 



MORGAN RAID. 45 

We were in camp six days and five nights. The number of men 
under my command was about eight hundred (800) not including some 
three hundred (300) men from Crawford county Home Guards that 
reported to me for duty, and joined my camp on Saturday. 

I may add that Capts. Knapp s and Snider s batteries were pre 
vented from going with me on the first day they having no ammu 
nition for their guns. 

Snider s battery was with me after the first day. Capt. Knapp 
with his battery was ordered to Jeffersonville to join Col. VVilley s 
Regiment. One company of Infantry, from this city, under Capt. 
Johnson, also joined Col. Willey s command. 

I desire to make mention of the hearty assistance of both line and 
field officers. Major Naghel, acting Lieut. Col., and Capt. Brown, act 
ing Major, were active and vigilant, and by their very attentive co 
operation, greatly assisted me in all the duties of the march and camp. 
During the time we were out, we made several arrests of suspicious 
persons, handing them over to the Post Commander. 

In conclusion, I would add, that orders came to me from quite a 
number of military men, and it was at times difficult to tell who had 
command of the troops. I endeavored to do all that could be done, 
never myself raising any question about who had the proper author 
ity, generally acting on the last order received. 

Respectfully, 

JAMES F. MCCURDY, 

Lieut. Col. Comd g ItJi Reg. 



REPORT OF COL. JOHN F. WILLEY, 

COMMANDING STH REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS STH REG. IND. LEG., "I 
Jeffersonville, Dec. 12th, 1864. ] 

Maj. Wm. T. Jones, A. A. G. Gen. Jordan s Staff: 

SIR : In accordance with your orders &c., I have the honor to 
report for 1868 : 



46 MORGAN RAID. 

We had five battalions and were called into service by order of the 
Governor, June 20th, to meet the raid under Capt. Hines. June 
21st relieved from duty. 

June 22d, a false alarm; was sent to guard White River bridge. 
June 24th, dismissed the command. 

July Cth, 1868; called into service by Laz. Noble, Adj t. Gen. ren 
dezvoused at JefFersonville. July 7th, dismissed the command. 

July 8th; met at Jeftersonville to repel Morgan raid; were in line 
of battle, but no enemy came. July 15th, relieved from duty and 
command dismissed. 

June 9th, 1864; called into service by order of the Governor to 
meet a raid in Kentucky by Morgan ; dismissed June 15th. 

Aug. 10th: called company A and H to picket the Ohio river in 
the vicinity of the Grassy Flats to stop guerrillas from crossing 
under rebel Jesse. Pickets fired on by guerrillas returned the fire 
but no one hurt; dismissed Aug. 20th, 1864. 

We have had two battallion drills in April, 1864, one regimental 
battalion drill in May and one in October. The Regiment is well 
drilled for militia and are ready and willing to turn out whenever 
called on. 

I hope General, you will use your influence to have a good militia 
law passed this winter and to have the money due the Legion appro 
priated. We have not been paid for any services as yet, but hope 
we will be soon. 

I certify upon honor that the above is a true report of the opera 
tions of the 8th Regiment Indiana Legion for 1863 and 1864. 

JOHN F. WILLEY, 
Col. OvmcCg 8th Reg. 2nd. Legion. 



REPORT OF G. W. COLCLAStJRE, 

CAPTAIM COMMANDING "VALLEEN GUARDS," INDIANA LEGION 

\ ~ 

. 

HEADQUARTERS, VALLEEN, INDIANA, 

December 15, 1864. 
. 
Brigadier General Jordan : 

SIR: I received your note, requesting me to give the proceedings 
of the Valleen Guards since January 1st, 1863. I can say to. you. 
the company was not made up that time. 

After the rebel Captain Hines made the raid through here, which 
was about the 20th of June, 1863, we held the first meeting for the 
purpose of getting up the company, and had it almost made up when 
Morgan came through, but we were not regularly organized at that 
time ; as we had neither elected our officers, nor had we been sworn 
into the Legion, but we were out on both the Hines and Morgan 
raid. 

On the Hines raid we gathered together, and volunteered our ser 
vices without any orders, and were out about three days. 

In the time of the Morgan raid we received orders from Major 
Woodberry, commander at Leavenworth at that time, or at least the 
orders were said to have come from him; they were sent verbally, at 
any rate. 

We started out and met Morgan at Corydon, and remained out 
after him five days and a half. We returned home^ and whilst I am 
giving che history, I will say here that previous to the Morgan raid 
there was a false alarm raised, which started us out, and we were out 
that time one and a half days. 

We elected our officers, and were sworn in about the 17th of July, 
1863. I believe v, e have had no calls since that time except one, and 
that was at the time of the uprising in Greenfield Township, at which 
time I received orders, (written,) from Colonel Johnson. The com 
pany was under arms, and doing duty ten days. 



48 MORGAN RAID. 

I had no men killed or wounded in any of the raids. I had a quite 
-a number of men captured by Morgan ; they were paroled immedi 
ately, but can not give the number. 

Since the company was organized, we have spent twenty-five days 
drilling. 

O. W. COLCLASURE, 
Captain Commanding Valleen Guards. 



REPORT OF COLONEL SAM. B. SERING, 

COMMANDING 9lH REGIMENT, (JEFFERSON COUNTY) INDIANA L.EGION> 



To Maj. Gen. J. L. Mansfield : 

SIR: In compliance with your order of 21st inst., I beg to submit 
the following Report of the acts of my regiment since 1st day of 
January 1863. At that time the organized Legion of this- county 
consisted of four companies of Infantry, two companies of cavalry, and 
one company of artillery, all-armed and mostly uniformed. Previous 
to this date, four companies of Infantry were called upon to guard pris 
oners of war, at Indianapolis, where they were mustered into the 
service of the United States for a period of three months. On their 
return home, these companies were disbanded ; other companies were 
organized previous to this date, but failing to be provided with arms 
they were disbanded. 

In addition to the regular organized Legion of the county, the cit 
izens of Madison organized eight companies of Infantry, (minute men) 
and tendered their services to repel invasion of the State. During 
the winter and spring of 1863, there was no occasion to call upon 
the Legion and minute men to perform duty along this portion of 
the border until about 8th July, when information was communicated 
to us by Gov. Morton, that John Morgan, with a large force, had 
crossed the Ohio river at Brandenburg, and was marching into the 
interior of the State. I also received orders from Gov. Morton, 
directing that the Legion of this county be called immediately into 



EAir>. 4& 

Active service, and to hold transports ready to convey them to New 
Albany. All the companies of my command reported promptly for 
duty, and transports were held in readiness to convey them to New 
Albany. 

On the 5th July orders were received from headquarters to hold 
my command at Madison that Morgan was moving in this direc 
tion, and calling upon us to use every effort to check his progress 
and to prevent him crossing the river at this point. The citizens and 
minute men responded promptly to the call of the Governor, and every 
preparation made to defend this point and prevent the enemy from 
crossing into Kentucky. 

On Friday the 6th July, Gov. Morton informed me by telegraph, that 
Morgan had crossed the Jeffersonville Railroad at Vienna, and was 
moving in the direction of Madison, through Lexington, Scott county, 
at the same time he informed us that reinforcements would be sent to 
this point as rapidly as possible. The same evening, the Legion from 
Johnson and Bartholomew counties arrived, numbering some 400 
men. Early next morning we were further re-inforced by a regi 
ment of the Legion from Switzerland county, numbering 500 men, 
also, one section of artillery from the same county thus furnishing 
us a force of about 2,000 men, Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery. 

A company of Cavalry had been dispatched on Friday evening, 
in the direction of Vienna with instructions to proceed until they met 
Morgan s force and to ascertain the direction of his march. Early 
Saturday morning a messenger from our cavalry, informed us that 
Morgan s force rested at Lexington, Scott county, some 18 miles west 
from this place. The troops were immediately called into line, and 
after making the necessary details for duty along the river and in 
the city, We at once proceeded on the road leading to Lexington and 
South Hanover. After proceeding some 5 miles on this road we took 
a strong position on the hills covering the turnpike road to Lexing 
ton, and also the road to South Hanover, with about 1800 Infantry 
and 4 pieces Artillery. 

This position was greatly strengthened by obstructions thrown 
across the roads, and by falling trees in the immediate vicinity, which 
afforded a good shelter in case of an action. These precautionary 
and valuable preparations were made by the citizens under the imme 
diate direction of Hon. D. C. Branham. 

Getting our small force into the best possible position we waited 
for the appearance of the enemy, who we presumed would attempt 
to pass through our lines on the turnpike road leading to the river. 

M, R. 4 



50 SfOKGAtf RAID. 



Until late in the afternoon, we were much annoyed by uncertain 
and contradictory reports from our scouts in front. Morgan s forces 
were reported on every road leading in this direction, and until late 
in the afternoon we were not advised that his main column was mov 
ing to the north of us, and thus threatening to enter the city from 
the north side. Ascertaining that his whole force had gone in this 
direction, at 12 o clock Saturday night, we got our force into column 
and marched in the direction of North Madison, distant 6 miles. 

The night being exceedingly dark, we did not reach that point 
until daylight Sunday morning. Soon after arriving at this point, 
our scouts came in and reported Mogan s forces again on the roads 
leading to North Madison. Our troops were immediately thrown 
into line of battle, and every preparation made to give them a warm 
reception. Later in the day it was ascertained that the enemy was 
moving in the direction of Versailles, Ripley county, but fearing that 
he might suddenly change his direction, our troops were kept in line, 
resting on their arms, until Monday morning, when learning that the 
enemy was moving east, we went into camp at North Madison where 
we remained until the 16th July, when the troops were dismissed 
from service by order of Gov. Morton. 

From this period until the close of 1863, the Legion of this county 
were not again called into active service, but occasional demonstra 
tions by small parties of guerrillas in Kentucky, opposite this point, 
required an occasional guard along the river, ^and almost constant 
watchfulness on the part of the officers of the Legion. 

During the fall of 1863 one company of cavalry was organized in 
this county and was added to my command, thus giving us on the 1st 
of January, 1864, a force of 3 companies of cavalry, 4 companies of 
infantry, and 1 company of artillery of Legion. From this period 
until the 9th of June, 1864, the Legion of this county were not 
called into active service. On that day I received an order from 
Gov. Morton, to immediately assemble my command and hold them 
subject to further orders. The companies of my command promptly 
responded to the call, and on the 12th day of June, I was directed 
to secure transportation by the river and be in readiness to embark 
my command for Jeffersonville. Boats were secured and we remained 
here under these orders until June 15th, 1864, when by order of the 
Governor, the command was dismissed and sent to their homes. Dur 
ing this service it was found necessary to guard closely the border along 
the front of our county, in consequence of the presence of a Confeder 
ate force in Trimble and Henry counties, Kentucky, under the com- 



MORGAN RAID. 51 

mand of " Col." Jesse. Upon this, as well as upon all other occasions, 
the Legion of this county were prompt to respond to the call of the 
Governor, although at a season of the year when the crops of the coun 
try required the constant attention of the farmers, and their absence 
from home at this time was a matter of serious loss to them. Since 
that time until the present writing we have been in a constant state 
of suspense in consequence of the presence of parties of guerrillas 
in the counties opposite this place, and their frequent approaches to 
the river. 

Neither the citizens of Madison, nor the city authorities have evinced 
that interest which the circumstances around them would demand, but 
seem almost lost to any sense of danger, and our city is suffered to 
remain exposed and liable to attacks of the enemy, and would be 
easily captured whenever they are disposed to make the effort. Re 
cently a small band of guerrillas have visited Carrolton, twelve jniles 
above, Garrit s Landing, fifteen miles below, Spring Creek, eight 
miles below, and even Milton, just opposite this city, and from all 
these points have fired upon passing boats. The steamer Boston, 
Capt. David, plying between this place and Cincinnati, has been fired 
upon by this band several times during the past week. At the solici 
tation of Capt. David, I provided him with thirty-seven muskets and 
ammunition, and on his upward trip he was again fired upon ; he 
returned the fire and drove the guerrillas in confusion. On Friday 
last, learning that this boat would probably be attacked by a larger 
force, at the request of Capt. David, I sent on board one of our can 
non, with cannister, shells, &c., under the command of Lieut. Craw 
ford, of Western Artillery Company, with instructions to fire upon 
the guerrillas wherever seen. The boat has returned without meet 
ing with the guerrillas ; she will, however, retain the gun a few days 
longer. 

The organized Legion of this county consists, at this time, of four 
companies of infantry, three companies of cavalry, and one company 
of artillery. All of these companies are small, and in consequence 
of the recent draft, and the enlistment of the men in the regular 
service, it requires constant exertion on the part of the officers to % 
keep up an organization. These companies have all uniformed them 
selves (and some of them more than once), have drilled regularly, 
with few exceptions, and have done much duty, for which they have 
received a very small compensation. 

Before closing this report, allow me to express the hope that the 
convening Legislature will adopt some means for the better defense 



52 MORGAN RAID. 

of the border counties and the State, and a more complete and effi 
cient organization of the militia of the State. 

Under the present inefficient law, the organization of the Legion 
is small, and, I am informed, mostly confined to the border counties, 
where their services are frequently required, and they are called 
upon to perform military duty, and to guard the State against inva 
sion, while the citizens of the interior of the State are seldom called 
upon to do military duty. It would, perhaps, be difficult to provide 
a law that would fully remedy this objection, but means might be 
provided to better compensate those doing service on the border than 
the present law provides. 

I make the above remarks, knowing that I express the views of 
the officers and men of my command, as often expressed by them, 
but would not be understood as offering complaints for the past 
only desiring a better condition of affairs in the future. 
I have the honor to be, 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

SAM. B. SEEING, 
Col Comd g 9th Ind. Legion. 



REPORT OF BRIG. GEN. A. C. DOWNEY, 

COMMANDING 4TH BRIGADE INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS 4TH BRIGADE, INDIANA LEGION, ) 
Rising Sun, August 20, 1864. / 

Laz. Noble, Adjutant General: 

I make the following report of the services rendered by the forces 
under my command during the Morgan invasion : 

On the afternoon of the 9th of July, 1863, I received orders from 
his Excellency, the Governor, to have all the Legion under my com 
mand sent to Seymour, by the Ohio and Mississippi railroad. 



MORGAN RAID. 53 

I immediately communicated the order to Col. G. H. Burkham, of 
Dearborn, by telegraph ; and Col. Williams, of Ohio county, being 
absent from the city, I dispatched messengers to the Captains of the 
companies in his regiment, directing them to report to him at Aurora. 
Soon after, Col. Williams returned, and I informed him of what I 
had done, and directed him to report, with his forces, at Seymour. 
Early on the morning of the 10th, the forces of Col. Williams and 
those of Col. Burkham were on the railroad ready to embark, but 
transportation was not supplied until about 12 o clock, when they 
started for their destination. On the morning of the 10th I was 
directed by you to have the companies go on to Mitchell, which order 
I gave to Col. Williams at Aurora, and Col. Burkham at Lawrence- 
burgh, by telegraph, before they started from those points. When 
it is known that most of the forces in this county, and many of those 
in Dearborn, are farmers, and that they were then engaged in har 
vesting their crops, and that all of them were destitute of everything 
essential to the comfort or convenience of men in actual service, the 
promptness and cheerfulness with which they responded to the call 
are worthy of the highest praise. After my forces had been thus 
sent to Mitchell, I was, on the afternoon of the 10th, ordered by his 
Excellency, the Governor, to report, with the Legion from Dearborn, 
Ohio and Switzerland counties, at Madison immediately, as it Was 
supposed that Morgan would try to get out that way. As I did 
not notify the Governor of any compliance with the former orders, 
this one was probably given under the supposition that my forces 
had not yet been sent away. I communicated this order to Col. 
Keeney, of Switzerland, and attempted to communicate it to Col 
onels Williams and Burkham, but it was not received by them, they 
being then in the neighborhood of Seymour or Yernon. I did not 
report in person at Madison for a reason then communicated to the 
Governor. The accompanying report of Col. Williams will show 
the part which his regiment took, and also in part the services ren 
dered by Col. Burkham s regiment, from which I have as yet received 
no report. On the 12th, on receiving information that the enemy 
w. is moving in the direction of Cincinnati, scouts and parts of armed 
men, to obstruct his progress, were sent out by me, who furnished 
accurate information of his position and movements. This I com 
municated to General Manson, then at Carrolton, Kentucky, by tele 
graph, and the General in person, on his arrival here, at about 2 
o clock, A. M., of the 13th. At this hour Morgan was resting his 
forces at, or near, Milan, in Ripley county. Believing that General 



54 



MORGAN RAID. 



Manson and the gunboats were able to prevent him from crossing the 
river, should he attempt it, that there was force sufficient on his left to 
prevent him from going farther into the interior, and that there was a 
sufficient force in bis rear to prevent Jiim from retracing his steps, I was 
in hopes that a force had been sent from Cincinnati strong enough to 
resist his progress in that direction, and thus compel him to come to 
a stand. But this, for sufficient reason, no doubt, was not done. 
The policy of the rebel commander seemed to be to avoid an engage 
ment. Had this not been the case he would hardly have passed 
round our forces at Vernon and refused to fight them. The very 
daring and seeming recklessness of the invasion of our State, so 
different from most military enterprises rendered ordinary calcula 
tions or conclusions of no avail. Most persons supposed that he 
would get out of the State not far above the point where he came in. 
Our forces were, in consequence, concentrated at points too far south, 
and not being mounted, were soon left by him far in the rear. His 
progress was more like a retreat, however, than like a hostile and 
victorious march. There was, probably, no time while he was in this 
part of the State that he could have remained in one place for forty- 
eight hours without having been overwhelmed by armed forces. If 
we are to have a repetition of raids into our State, it is very impor 
tant that we have more mounted forces and a better supply of field 
artillery in this part of the State. 

I wish to bear testimony to the readiness of the citizens in this 
part of the State, without reference to party, to render the services 
asked of them in expelling the enemy from the State. If I shall 
receive a report from Col. Burkham I will forward it to you. 
Very respectfully yours, 

A. C. DOWNEY, 

General 4th Brigade. 



REPORT OF COLONEL H. T. WILLIAMS, 

HTH REGIMENT, 4in BRIGADE, INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS HTH REG., 4TH BRIG., IND. LEGION, ) 
Rising Sun, Ind., July 19, 1863. / 

To Brig. Gen. A. C. Downey, commanding 4th Brigade: 

I have the honor to submit the following as a report of the part 
taken, and duty performed, by my command in the recent laborious 
and exciting chase after Morgan and his raiders : 

It will be remembered that you ordered me, on Friday, July 10th, 
to proceed with my command to Mitchell. Arriving at Seymour, 
Gen. Love, then in command of that post, ordered me to proceed no 
further. On Sunday, the llth of July, was ordered by Gen. Love 
to proceed to Madison by rail, on the same train with Col. Burkham, 
and was informed by Gen. Love s Adjutant that in case of any diffi 
culty occurring, the command of both his and my regiments would 
devolve upon me as ranking officer. At North Vernon we were 
informed that the enemy were within four miles of old Vernon, and 
marching on that place in force. We requested the telegraph opera 
tor to inform Gen. Love of the state of things at this point, and in a 
few minutes a telegram was received from him ordering us not to 
proceed further. After forming my command in line, we marched 
immediately south of North Vernon to a grove. I then returned to 
the depot and asked Col. Burkham what disposition he thought we 
had better make of our forces. He remarked that we had better 
defend the railroad property at North Vernon, to which I replied 
that I thought the town of old Vernon and the bridges of that place 
of equal importance to those of North Vernon, and far more exposed, 
and that it was certainly our duty to save the place and bridges if 
possible. I then told Col. Burkham that he must detach from his 
^command two pieces of artillery and one company of infantry, to be 



56 MORGAN RAIfr. 

attached to my command, and that he might remain at North Ver 
non, and I would proceed to old Vernon. The detached forces, con 
sisting of Capt. Giegoldt s and Capt. Pholing s companies, and the 
two pieces of artillery from Capt. Miller s battery, both from Aurora^ 
moved promptly forward and joined my command. Leaving them in 
command of Capt. J. C. Wells, (senior officer,) I proceeded forward, 
accompanied by Major Lostutter, of the llth, and Capt. Wright, of 
Aurora, to examine the situation and select a position. After satis 
fying myself as to the best position for defense, I dispatched an 
officer back to hurry the troops forward with all possible speed. As 
fast as they arrived I busied myself in placing them in position ; but 
before they had all reached the place designated for them to occupy, 
a flag of truce was announced, demanding the surrender of the town, 
to which I replied that "I was abundantly able to hold the place, 
and if Gen. Morgan got it, he must take it by hard fighting." I 
immediately sent Lieut. Williams, one of my officers, back to North 
Vernon, ordering Col. Burkham forward to my support. Before the 
return of the courier, a second flag of truce was announced, asking 
a reconsideration of my former decision. The bearer of the flag, as 
I conceived, having violated the privilege of a flag of truce in 
approaching nearer our lines than is warranted by military usage, I 
refused to receive any communication from him, and left him in 
charge of two of my officers. Just at this time my courier returned, 
informing me that he did not see Col. Burkham, but that Gen. Love 
was advancing, and had anticipated my orders, sending me word to 
hold the place by all means ; and furthermore, that he would be there 
in twenty minutes. I sent back word to the head of Gen. Love s 
column, asking him to come immediately to my headquarters so as to 
dispose of the bearer of the flag of truce. Within the twenty min 
utes Gen. Love came forward, and after informing him of the cir 
cumstances connected with the flag of truce which prompted me to 
decline any communication with the bearer, I accompanied him to 
Capt. Taylor, of Morgan s staff, the bearer of the flag. After a short 
interview between the parties, Gen. Love ordered me to have him 
escorted beyond our lines. I designated Lieut. Williams for the 
service, who promptly performed the duty assigned him. 

Gen. Love and myself, having inspected the several points where 
my men were posted, I was ordered to proceed under a flag of truce 
to the enemy s lines to ask a delay of hostilities for two hours in 
which to remove the women and children from the town. After a 
detention of an hour and a half, I was informed that thirty minutes- 



MORGAN KAD>. 57 

would be given for the purpose mentioned, and fifteen minutes addi 
tional in which to reach our lines, as his guns were in position and 
that we had sufficient knowledge that the place was already fully 
invested. From the demonstrations made by the enemy, all were 
confident that he would attack us at the expiration of the time speci 
fied, and we awaited in silence and readiness for the conflict to begin,, 
but were sadly disappointed in our expectations our enemy evidently 
having concluded to march for a more congenial locality. We 
remained at Vernon until Sunday evening, when, in pursuance of 
orders, we marched to North Vernon. Here we remained until after 
12 o clock on Monday, when we received orders to embark on the 
cars for Osgood. The next morning, Tuesday, 14th, our whole force 
started on foot to Sunman, a station on the Indianapolis and Cincin 
nati railroad, distance about twenty-eight miles. Our men, through 
the hot sun and over dusty roads, pressed vigorously on with but 
little complaint. Here we remained until Thursday, 16th, when we 
received orders to return home. 

In conclusion, I have no special commendation to bestow on any 
one at Vernon. All seemed imbued with the importance of present 
ing a bold and steady front to the enemy. Too much praise cannot 
be bestowed on the men of my command, as well as those attached 
to it from Col. Burkham s command, for the promptness with which 
they obeyed every order. I feel under special obligations to Capt. 
H. F. Wright, of Aurora, late of the 3d Indiana cavalry, for the val 
uable assistance rendered me in the selection of a position for defense,. 
and the prompt occupation of those points by the forces under my 
command. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

H. T. WILLIAMS, 
Col. Comd g llth Eeg^ *dh Brig. y Ind< Legion*. 



REPORT OF COL. HARRIS KEENEY, 

lOin REGIMENT, INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS IOTH INDIANA LEGION, 1 
Vevay, Dec. 14th, 1864. / 

General J. L. Mansfield: 

DEAR SIR : In accordance with your order I would respectfully 
make the following report of the doings, &c., of the 10th Regiment 
Indiana Legion since it has been under my command : 

On the 10th day of July, 1863, I received a telegram from Adju 
tant General Noble, at 4J o clock, P. M., ordering me to report, with 
my regiment, to the commander of the post at Madison. I immedi 
ately sent couriers to the commanders of the companies to report 
without delay at their headquarters except company "D," Captain 
Bassett, who was as near Madison as Vevay ; I ordered him to report 
at once at Madison, which he did with his entire company at 8 
o clock A. M., July llth. I sent company "A" artillery, two 
guns, Lieut. Holden commanding to Madison the same evening, 
July 10th. Early in the morning of July llth the balance of the 
regiment had reported to me, and were ready to start for Madison 
except company " I," Capt. Hicks, who had about twenty-five miles 
to travel and failed to arrive in time to accompany us on the steam 
boat Bostonia, which had been sent to convey us to Madison. We 
embarked about five hundred strong not including the artillery and 
company "D" arrived at North Madison at 2 o clock P. M., and 
went into camp at Camp Noble, where, altogether, we numbered 
about seven hundred men. On leaving Vevay I left Major H. B. 
Sheets to take charge of any forces which might arrive after our 
departure ; also of the companies of Minute Men which were form 
ing for duty. Company " I," arriving after our departure, went on 
duty, at Vevay, in connection with the companies formed for the 



MORGAN RAID. 



59 



emergency. I may say here, that through the efficiency of Major 
Sheets and Captain Hicks, together with Lieutenants Walker and 
Gordon of company " I," a great deal of trouble was prevented here 
on account of some rebel sympathizers. On Sunday morning, July 
12th, Col. Sering (9th regiment) ordered me to take my regiment, 
together with a battalion from Johnson county, Col. Lambertson, and 
march from Camp Noble to Wirt six miles it having been reported 
that some of Morgan s men had been at that place early that morn- 
ino 1 . In obedience to said order we moved. Not finding the enemy 
at Wirt, we turned to the right and crossed the Madison and Indian 
apolis railroad at Wirt Station, and struck the Michigan road about 
seven miles north of Madison, where, according to arrangements, I 
expected to have met the 9th regiment, but that regiment had stopped 
and formed a line of battle across the Michigan road just east of 
North Madison. 

Being without any further orders, and not knowing the disposition 
of the other forces, I called a halt, and dispatched a courier to the 
headquarters of Col. Sering for orders what to do. In answer, he 
ordered me back to camp without having seen anything of the enemy. 

Had we as I wanted to do taken our forces and moved out in 
the morning on the Michigan road, we would have certainly been able 
at least to have cut off the rear of Morgan s forces at or about Bry- 
antsburg. Had we encountered the rebels, I have confidence that 
the men under my command would have acted their part well. We 
remained at Camp Noble for two or three days and received orders 
to march for home, the danger being over in that vicinity, which 
order was promptly obeyed, as was the order for marching to the 
threatened danger, all feeling well satisfied, but greatly disappointed 
in not meeting the enemy. 

In the recent threatened raid under Morgan, there was but little 
done by the Legion here. By order of the Governor I notified the 
Captains to hold themselves in readiness to march on short notice. 
Not considering it necessary to call all to guard duty, I ordered two 
companies Captains Pavey s and Siebenthal s to do that duty? 
which order was promptly obeyed. They were on duty four days, 
when the danger of invasion having passed, they were discharged. 
I would say here, for the most of the officers and men of the regi 
ment, that they merit praise for the promptness in which they have 
answered the calls in assisting to repel invasion, and for regimental 
and battalion drill. 

In regard to the present organization of the Legion, it is not as 



MORGAN RAID. 



strong in numbers as it was when I took command of this regiment, 
m consequence of great numbers of the men and officers volunteer 
ing into the United States service. One company ("B") alone hav 
ing furnished some sixty-five recruits to the United States service, 
and numbers having moved, while some have passed the age of mili 
tary duty, so that instead of having nine hundred and fifty men, as 
at first, we now only have about four hundred and fifty. I hope that 
you will lay the matter before our next Legislature and have the laws 
so amended that all who are of the proper age will be compelled to 
attach themselves to some regular military organization, so that the 
burden of guard duty will not fall on a few men to guard others 
property, while they are permitted to rest secure and are not required 
to expose their precious lives to the cold and to the enemy. 
Respectfully, yours. 

HARRIS KEENEY, 

Col. 10th Ind. Legion. 






REPORT OF COL. JOHN A. PLATTER, 

COMMANDING 12TH REGIMENT, INDIANA LEGION. 



AURORA, IND., December 15th, 1864. 
GENERAL MANSFIELD, Commanding Indiana Legion: 

GENERAL : In compliance with your request I submit the follow 
ing report of services rendered by the 12th Regiment of Indiana 
Legion. Owing to the absence of former officers my report has been 
unavoidably delayed. I hope, however, it will be in time. 

The 12th Regiment, under command of Colonel J. H. Burkham, 
was called out July 9th, 1863, during the Morgan raid, under orders 
to repair to Mitchell, Indiana ; but upon arriving at Seymour the 
regiment was ordered on picket duty by General Love, commanding 
at that place, in which capacity it rendered service until the llth, 
when it was ordered to Madison, Ind. But on arriving at North 



MORGAN RAID. 61 

Vernon the enemy were reported menacing the town of Old Vernon. 
Colonel Burkham here received orders from Gov. Morton to hold 
North Vernon at all hazards until reinforcements arrived. The regi 
ment was soon formed in line of battle, and so remained until rein 
forcements came up. Reinforcements having arrived the regiment, 
in connection with other troops, moved in the direction of Old Ver 
non, arriving there just in time to save the place from the ravage of 
the vandals under John Morgan. 

It was soon ascertained that the enemy was moving in the direc 
tion of Aurora or Lawrenceburg, and the regiment was now ordered 
to take the train, and if possible gain his advance at Lawrenceburg, or 
some place on the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad ; but in con 
sequence of unavoidable delay on the road, the enemy had crossed at 
Van Wedden s station an hour previous to the arrival of the regiment 
at that place. It was now considered useless for an infantry regiment 
to further pursue a mounted enemy, and in view of the heavy servi 
ces performed by the regiment, and their fatigued condition, Colonel 
Burkham was ordered to report to Colonel Gavin, at Lawrenceburg, 
where the regiment performed picket duty until the 15th, when it was 
discharged from further service. Captain Miller and Company, of 
Aurora, with four pieces of artillery, accompanied the regiment, and 
performed duty with credit to themselves. 

Lieut. Col. John F. Cheek, late of 7th Regiment, and Captain EL 
F. Wrignt, late of 3d Cavalry, volunteered their services and accom 
panied the regiment, rendering valuable service. The regiment is in 
rather an inefficient condition poorly equipped. The companies 
need to be re-organized. It is my intention to make this an efficient 
regiment, if our incoming Legislature will give us an efficient mili 
tary law. I have reason to hope they will see the great necessity of 
such a law as will enable us to thoroughly organize the Legion. 

Trusting that this may be the case, 

I am General, very truly, 

Your obedient servant, 

JOHN A. PLATTER, 
Colonel \Wi Regiment, Indiana Legion* 



REPORT OF COLONEL LAWRENCE S. SHULER, 

COMMANDING 103D BEGIMENT INDIANA MILITIA. 



INDIANAPOLIS, July 20th, 1863. 
Laz. Noble, Adjutant General State of Indiana : 

I have the honor to report to you the following as the proceedings 
of my command while chasing John Morgan through the States of 
Indiana ?md Ohio. 

The command proceeded from Indianapolis, by order of General 
Carrington, on the evening of Saturday, July the 10th, and arrived 
at Vernon, Indiana, at 3 o clock on the morning of the llth instant. 
At that place I was ordered, by Major General Lew Wallace, to mount 
as many of my men as possible, and follow Morgan vigorously as long 
as he was within the State lines. 

In pursuance of said order I mounted one hundred and forty-six 
men, and at 4 o clock in the afternoon of said day started in pursuit. 
At 5 o clock, P M., of July the llth, we overtook Brig. Gen. Hob- 
son s command, who had been following him ior some days. I imme 
diately sent forward and ascertained that it was General Hobson s 
wish that I should take the advance of his column. I ordered my 
men forward, and took the advance at about 11 o clock, on July the 
12th. I pressed forward as rapidly as possible, and succeeded in 
reaching Morgan s rear guard about 5 o clock in the afternoon. After 
picking up several stragglers we came up with the main body of the 
enemy s rear at Harrison, which is situated on the line of Indiana 
and Ohio. There we found the bridge over the Whitewater burned. 
After firing several shots at the enemy across the river, we forded it 
and took possession of Harrison. At that place, our men being 
greatly fatigued, we rested for a few hours. At 5 o clock, on the 
morning of the 13th, we again resumed the chase. He having been 
so hotly pursued on the day previous, marched rapidly all night and 



MORGAN RAID. 6& 

was twenty-five miles in the advance. I followed him as far as Bata- 
via, Ohio, and finding the citizens willing to protect their own State, 
commenced my return from that point. 

But few points were visited along the line where we did not find 
the most extravagant demonstrations of joy at the arrival of qur own 
troops and the departure of Morgan s band of horse thieves and rob 
bers. At Batavia, and other points along the line, we were met by 
many true patriots, who cheered the soldiers on, and were unbounded 
in their hospitality. Mr. Swing, on behalf of the citizens of Bata 
via, thanked the soldiers of Indiana, in the most feeling terms, for 
their gallant efforts in driving the enemy from their own State, and 
offering themselves for the defence of another. In behalf of the 
State of Indiana, my fellow-citizens, P. S. Kennedy, of Danville, 
Sol. Blair, of Plainfield, and Lieut. T. R. Lawhead, responded, thank 
ing the citizens for their hospitality and warm feelings in behalf of 
the Government. I am sorry to state that there were few points 
along the line of our march where we did not find men who had been 
rendering assistance to John Morgan^ and who were then willing to 
do every thing hi their power to help him on his expedition of rob^ 
bery and plunder. Their sympathies were all for Vallandigham, and 
there was no one among them who could not render valuable infor 
mation in regard to the " Order of K. G. C. s." 

I would most respectfully suggest the propriety of sending scouts 
throughout the southern part of our State, whose duty it should be 
to arrest parties who are declaring themselves friends of Vallandig 
ham, and of the Southern Confederacy. Had it not been for the aid 
and encouragement which these sympathisers gave, Morgan could 
never have made a successful raid through our own State. 

From Batavia, Ohio, my command returned, expressing themselves 
well pleased with their efforts to defend their homes and firesides. 

I wish especially to notice the conduct of Lieut. Col. Lyons, Major 
Banta, Adjutant Coons, and other officers of my regiment, who, du 
ring the whole chase, manifested cool courage and exalted patriotism. 
I have the honor to be, 

Your most obedient servant, 

L. S. SHULER, 
Colonel commanding 103d Regiment Indiana Militia. 



REPORT OF COLONEL WILLIAM C. WILSON, 

108TH REGIMENT, INDIANA VOLUNTEER MILITIA. 



HEADQUARTERS 108TH REGIMENT, INDIANA MILITIA, 1 
INDIANAPOLIS, July 18th, 1863. / 

Gen. Laz. Noble, Adjutant General of the State of Indiana: 

SIR : I have the honor to submit the following report of the part 
taken by the 108th Regiment, Indiana Militia, under my command, 
in the pursuit of the forces of John Morgan. On the afternoon of 
the 12th day of July, 1863, I was assigned to the command of said 
regiment, composed as follows : 

Company A Captain Taylor, 

" B - Captain Benbridge, 

" C Captain Ramsey, 

" D Captain Longwill> 

E Captain Walker, 

" F Captain Givens, 

" G Captain Disbrow^ 

u H Captain Weast, 

I Captain Welshbelligh, 

" K Captain Busby. 

The regiment was first formed into line and fully supplied with 
everything but ammunition, on the evening of the 12th. At 12 
o clock of the 13th July, I received an order from General Carrington 
to move the regiment from bivouac at the State House to Camp Car 
rington. While in the execution of this order I received, about 2 
o clock, an order to supply the regiment with forty rounds of ammu 
nition, and to report them at the Indiana Central Railroad, in order 
to march at 3 o clock. These orders were promptly executed, and 
my regiment prepared to go aboard the cars at 3 o clock, P. M., of 
said day, at the point indicated. For some reason we were here com- 



MORGAN RAID. 65 

pelled to stand by our arms until about 6, or 6J, o clock, before 
transportation was ready. After the regiment was placed aboard 
the cars, it was perhaps from one to two hours before the train moved 
out. Good speed was made until we reached Richmond, Indiana, 
where another delay of from one to one-and-one-half hours occurred 
in the movement of the train. I reached Hamilton, Ohio, just after 
day-break on the morning of the 14th and immediately formed my 
regiment on an open space of ground near the Depot, and ordered 
the men to stand to their arms for further orders. While thus await 
ing orders, I learned that General Carrington had not arrived on the 
train, and called on Colonel Gray, the ranking Colonel present, and 
consulted with him in the premises. In the mean time, I learned 
from the citizens that the forces of Morgan had passed through the 
lower edge af the city of Hamilton at about 2 o clock of the morning 
of the 14th, and that parties of citizen scouts were out to report his 
movements. It was also reported to me that a large body of cavalry 
seemed to be approaching from the direction in which Morgan s 
forces were reported to be, and I thereupon threw out Company "A" 
under Captain Taylor, as a picket to guard that approach, but soon 
learned that the alarm was false. Between 10 and 11 o clock of the 
14th, Brigadier General Hascall arrived. At two o clock, by order 
of General Hascall, my regiment, with the balance of the brigade, 
was again ordered to take the cars for Cincinnati, Ohio, which point 
we reached in good order at 8 o clock, the same evening, and camped 
in "Fifth-Street Market." I remained at that point in camp until 
Thursday evening at 5 o clock, when I received orders from General 
Hascall to report my regiment at the Indianapolis and Cincinnati 
Depot at 7 o clock, A. M., of Friday morning, July 17th, for trans 
portation to Indianapolis. The regiment was at the Depot on time, 
but did not get aboard the cars and move out until 11 o clock, A. M. 
reaching Indianapolis at daybreak on the morning of the 18th of July, 
on which day, under the General Order of the Govenor, they were 
mustered out of service. 

I cannot close this report without expressing my regret at the 
delay occasioned in the movement of the trains at Indianapolis, and 
the delay at Richmond at the time of our advance. Had the move 
ment not been delayed at those two points, as above stated, we, 
undoubtedly, would have reached Hamilton, Ohio, in time to have 
formed a line of battle, and have successfully intercepted the advance 
of Morgan, and driven him to the river and held him in check until 
the forces pursuing reached him in the rear. At Cincinnati my 

M. R.-5 * 



66 MORGAN RAID. 

regiment was very anxious to move forward in the direction of Chil- 
licothe, Ohio, or Parkersburgh, Va., for the purpose of again attempt 
ing to intercept the advance of Morgan, but doubtless the large mass 
of Ohio troops, then raised, precluded that movement on our part. 
I desire to state that the injury done by Morgan s forces to the 
citizens in eastern Indiana and south western Ohio, in my judgement, 
was very insignificant, in comparison with the forces of the raiders, 
and I account for this, by reason of the hot pursuit by our forces 
rendering any delay for that purpose extremely dangerous to the 
enemy. I further report, that prior to my departure from Indianapo 
lis, I submitted to each company the question of their willingness to 
go beyond the State of Indiana, and have the pleasure to report that 
the determination was unanimous, with the exception of some four 
or five men in the regiment, who were unfit for duty and prudence 
dictated that they should remain. I beg leave to return to all the 
officers and men of the Command, my thanks for their promptness in 
the discharge of every duty, and for the zeal they manifested to 
engage the enemy. 

I am, sir, 

Your truly, 

Obedient servant, 

W. C. WILSON, 
Col. 10&A Eegt. Ind. Vol. Militia. 



REPORT OF COL. KLINE G. SHRYOCK, 

COMMANDING 105TH REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



INDIANAPOLIS, IND., July 18th, 1863. 
Governor Morton: 

The organization of the 105th Regiment Indiana Legion, to the 
command of which I was appointed, having returned to the capital 
and being disbanded as a regiment, I submit to you the following 
report of its operations while in the field : 



RAttX 67 

On the clay I received my appointment Sunday, July 12th, 
1863 I left with my command under written orders from Gen. Will- 
cox to proceed directly by rail to Lawrenceburg, in this State ; there 
to take boats and patrol the Ohio river, guard fords, &c. I proceeded 
as far as Greensburgh, where a dispatch from Gen. Willcox was in wait 
ing for me, ordering me to halt there and wait further orders. After 
waiting there for some time I received orders to move forward, which 
I did. 

On arriving at Morris Station I received a dispatch from General 
Willcox to strongly picket all the approaches to that place, and to be 
on the lookout against a surprise on the part of the enemy. In 
obedience to that order I detailed two companies and strongly pick 
eted every approach to the Station, and had the remainder of my 
regiment lay on their arms during the night. On the morning of the 
13th I received orders to move forward to Sunman s Station, where 
Col. Gavin^s command had been on duty the night previous. On 
arriving at Sunman s Station I found the citizens in a state of great 
excitement on account of rumors that the enemy was within a mile 
of the place. Col. Gavin had left the station before I reached there. 
I learned at Sunman s Station that Morgan s forces were crossing 
the railroad near Vanwedden s Station, some two or three miles ahead 
of where I was. When this information was received I ordered two 
companies forward to reconnoitre the road on each side, and ordered 
the train to move forward shortly. At Sunman s I learned that the 
rebels had torn up the track near Vanwedden s and set fire to the 
water station of that place. Finding it impossible to proceed 
farther by rail, I concluded to disembark my regiment and march to 
Lawrenceburgh. I got my command ready, and after marching near 
a mile on a cross road to reach the main road to Lawrenceburgh, I 
met Col. Shuler, in command of the advance of General Hobson s 
cavalry force, then in pursuit of Morgan. I learned, from what 
I regarded as a reliable source, that Morgan s forces were not over 
four or five miles from us on the road leading to Harrison, on White 
Water, and moving in the direction of the latter place. On finding 
Morgan so closely pursued by a strong cavalry force, and hoping 
that our advance, under Col. Shuler, might be able to overhaul the 
enemy and engage them, I determined to pursue him within support 
ing distance with my regiment. I followed immediately in the rear 
of Gen. Hobson s pursuing forces under Col. Shuler, until within 
about six miles of Harrison, where a portion of Gen. Hobson s forces 
passed me, which I passed again between that and Harrison, while 



MORGAN RAID. 

they were grazing their horses in a meadow. The horsemen passed 
me again when within ahout a mile of Harrison. I received three 
messages from Col. Shuler to hurry forward my men, as he expected 
to engage the enemy. The news seemed to stimulate my men, and 
they moved forward with great alacrity. I reached the top of the 
hill near Harrison before our cavalry had crossed the river, having 
marched some twenty or twenty-five miles from 12 o clock M. until 
sundown. Having reached the State line, I went into camp for the 
night. On the next morning I took up the line of march for Law- 
renceburgh; arrived there about 2 o clock P. M. ; reported to Col. 
Gavin, commandant of the post at that place ; went into camp at 
that place, subject to the orders of Col. Gavin for the time. While 
at Lawrenceburgh, in endeavoring to execute the orders of Col. 
Gavin, the accident occurred to my regiment, the facts in connection 
with which I have fully reported to you under date of 15th instant. 

Under orders from Indianapolis to Col. Burkham, I embarked my 
regiment for this place about 2 o clock P. M. of the 17th inst. ; 
arrived at Indianapolis between two and three o clock A. M. of the 
18th. My men marched to the Soldiers Home, partook of a good 
breakfast provided for chem at the instance of your Excellency } 
marched from there to the State House, where, after completing the 
rolls, they were disbanded as a regiment. 

It is due to the men of my command to say that they endured the 
hardships of our brief campaign with great cheerfulness, and would 
have volunteered, to a man, to have gone beyond the State, if there 
had been a necessity for it. 

Your most obedient servant, 

KLINE G. SHRYOCK, 

Col 105/A Retft Ind. Legion. 



REPORT OF COL. B. M. GREGORY, 

COMMANDING 102D REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



ZIONSVILLE, IND., July 18, 1863. 
General Laz. Noble: 

SIR: In obedience to orders from Gen. Lew Wallace I proceeded 
with my command from Indianapolis, on the afternoon of the llth 
inst., to aid in the pursuit of the rebel forces under General John 
Morgan, and reached North Vernon at 3 o clock A. M. of the 12th 
by railroad; from thence we marched on foot to Vernon, in which 
vicinity the rebels had encamped the day previous, and there learned 
that Morgan s forces had, during the night, left in the direction of 
Dupont. 

At Vernon, pursuant to Gen. Wallace s order, I impressed a num 
ber of horses on which Company K, of my regiment, commanded by 
Capt. Davis, was mounted and placed under the command f Col. 
Shuler. For a report of the part afterwards taken in the pursuit by 
this company, you are referred to Col. Shuler s official report. 

I was ordered to Dupont, which place I reached about 8 o clock 
P. M. of the 12th, and had hardly got encamped when I received 
orders to board the train and return to North Vernon, where I 
arrived about 1 o clock A. M. of the 13th, and remained until 4 
o clock P. M., when I moved to Osgood, on the Ohio and Mississippi 
railroad, near which place, the night previous, the rebels had 
destroyed two railroad bridges and a number of cars. There I 
encamped for the night. On the morning of the 14th we took up a 
line of march in a northeasterly direction, and ai rived at Sunman s 
Station, on the I. and C. railroad, distance from Osgood twenty-two 
miles, where I learned that the whole rebel force had escaped into 
Ohio. 

I remained at Sunman s, awaiting orders and transportation, until 



70 



MORGAN RAII>. 



the 16th inst., when I received orders and returned to Indianapolis ; 
and on the 17th the men of my command were furnished transporta 
tion to their homes. 

It affords me pleasure to report that during the few days cam 
paign, the officers and men behaved themselves as becomes men and 
soldiers. 

I am, suv vei T respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

B. M. GREGORY, 
Col. Commanding 102d Reg t 2nd. Militia* 



REPORT OF COL. ISAAC P. GRAY, 

106TH REGIMENT MINUTE MEN. 



UNION CITY, INDIANA, > 
July 21st, 1863. J 

Laz. Noble, Adft General State of Indiana ; 

SIR : I have the honor to report the part taken by my command 
in the brigade that went to Ohio under the command of Brig. Gen, 
Hascall, to intercept the rebel forces under John Morgan. 

On Monday, July 13th. at 2 o clock P. M., I received orders from 
General Carrington to march my command to the Indiana Central 
Depot, Indianapolis, for transportation.. By 3 o clock I was on the 
ground ready for loading. 

I was, at the same time, requested by Gov. Morton to say to my 
command that while he (Gov. Morton) was desirous of rendering all 
the assistance he could to Ohio, yet he wanted it distinctly under 
stood that he wished no one to go unless freely and willingly 
of his own accord, prompted by his sense of patriotism alone ; he 
would, for no consideration, impress or eoerce any citizen of Indiana 
belonging to the Militia to- go on duty out of the State against his 
will. I made the wishes of the Governor known to the regiment,. 



MORGAN RAID. 71 

when they immediately decided, unanimously, and with the utmost 
enthusiasm, to go regretting only that they had not had an oppor 
tunity to chastise the rebel thieves while they were devastating our 
own State, but expressing a willing determination to follow them 
and avenge the wrongs that the citizens of Indiana had suffered at 
their hands. 

From some cause we were kept waiting the departure of the train 
until after 10 o clock P. M., at which time General Hascall assumed 
command. Who is responsible for this detention it is not for me to 
say ; but whoever is guilty of causing this detention should be made 
to shoulder the responsibility, for I have no hesitation in saying that 
by this delay the whole object of the expedition was lost. 

We arrived at Hamilton, Ohio, at 8 o clock Tuesday morning, 
July 14th, and encamped on the commons south of the depot, await 
ing further orders. At 5 o clock P. M., I received orders from Gen. 
Hascall to march to the depot and take cars for Cincinnati. My 
regiment being the last ordered to load, I found there was not enough 
cars to load my command, without crowding very closely. While 
thus engaged in getting my command aboard, the train started with 
out giving any notice whatever, causing one of the men to slip, by 
which one of his feet was caught between the bumpers and badly 
mashed ; and also leaving four companies, viz : Captains Riley, 
Goolman, Moorehouse and Gorrel, behind. Observing that Lieut. 
Col. Haines and Maj. Browne were aboard, I remained with the four 
companies for the purpose of getting them immediate transportation 
to Cincinnati to join the regiment. I had succeeded in getting 
loaded, and hitched on to the down passenger train from Richmond, 
when I received a dispatch from Gen. Hascall to send the four com 
panies left at Hamilton back to Indianapolis. I put Capt. Riley, of 
company "B," in command, with orders to report at Indianapolis, 
and proceeded myself to Cincinnati to take command of the six 
companies there. I found the regiment encamped in the "Eighth 
street Park." 

Wednesday evening, the 15th, I received orders to be with my 
command at the Cincinnati and Indianapolis depot by 7 o clock next 
morning to load for Indianapolis. We were promptly on the ground 
by 6 o clock A. M., but were kept waiting about three hours before 
transportation was ready. Left Cincinnati Thursday morning, 
July 16th, and arrived at Indianapolis next morning at 6 o clock, 
being twenty-one hours on the road. The health of the regiment 



72 



MORGAN RAID. 



was exceedingly good, having left but one sick, which was at Cincin 
nati, who was kindly cared for by the citizens. 

I cannot speak too highly of the conduct of both officers and 
men. All seemed prompted by the most exalted patriotism. I 
found Lieut. Col. Haines, Major Browne and Adjutant Braffett to be 
most efficient and gentlemanly officers ; but to speak of any specially 
would be to make invidious distinction. When I looked over the 
rank and file of the regiment I had the honor to command, and saw 
the wealth and talent there embraced, I thought, can there be any, 
with such evidence as this before them, who will doubt the success of 
the Union cause ? It was one of those outbursts of intense love of 
nationality that lies deep in the hearts of the American people. 
I have the honor to be, 

Your most obedient servant, 

ISAAC P. GRAY, 
Col. Comd g IQQth Reg t Ind. Militia. 



REPORT OF COL. JOHN R. MAHAN, 

109TH REGIMENT MINUTE MEN. 



INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, 1 
July 18th, 1863. / 

Adjutant General State of Indiana: 

SIR: I have the honor to submit to you the following report of 
the part taken by the 109th Regiment of Minute Men that I had the 
pleasure of commanding during Morgan s late raid through Indiana 
and Ohio : 

In pursuance of an order emanating from Governor Morton, Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Indiana Militia, at 5 o clock P. M. on the 
evening of the 13th we marched from the State House yard to the 
depot and boarded the train for Ohio. 

In the formation of the brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. Car- 
rington my regiment was entitled to the right. At 6 o clock P. M. 



MORGAN RAID. 73 

I notified the Superintendent of the road that my regiment was 
ready to move out, and on account of an unusual delay we were 
detained until 10 o clock, at which time, in pursuance of Governor 
Morton s order, I assumed command of the brigade, and ordered the 
Superintendent of the road to move the whole brigade out without 
delay. He pledged me to move us out in ten minutes. At 10J 
o ? clock I was relieved of the command by Brig. Gen. Hascall. At 
12 o clock at night the brigade moved out, and arrived at Hamilton, 
Ohio, at 10 o clock on the morning of the 14th, at which place I 
received a dispatch from Governor Morton, stating that my entire 
command would be mounted^ at Hamilton, with orders to move as 
rapidly as possible, which dispatch I handed to Gen. Hascall in per 
son. At 2J o clock P. M. I left Hamilton, under Gen. Hascall s 
order, and arrived at Cincinnati at 5 o clock P. M. 

On arriving at Cincinnati I received an order from Gen. Hascall 
in person, to remain on board the hog cars until he could have an 
interview with Maj. Gen. Burnside, which order I obeyed, with no 
small degree of suffering to my men from tne intense heat and con 
finement and strong scented cars. At 8 o clock P. M. I moved off 
the train and marched to the Sixth street Market House and camped 
for the night. At 9 o clock I repaired to the quarters of General 
Burnside, and received an order from him for warm supper and 
breakfast for my entire regiment. At 1 o clock P. M., the 15th, the 
heat being very intense in the position we were occupying, I again 
visited General Burnside s head-quarters and received an order to 
remove a cavalry force that was occupying Eighth street Park and 
occupy the same with my regiment, which order I obeyed immedi 
ately, and found the quarters to be very palatable to my men, for 
which they gave three hearty cheers for General Burnside. We 
remained in that position until after supper. There being a prospect 
for rain. I received permission from General Burnside to occupy the 
Court House and two large halls for the night. 

At 5 o clock on the morning of the 16th we marched back to 
Eighth street Park for breakfast, and at 7 o clock A. M. we marched 
to the I. and C. railroad and shipped for Indianapolis, by order of 
Brig. Gen. Hascall, at which place we arrived on the morning of the 
17th, after a tedious ride of twenty-two hours. At 6 o clock we 
took breakfast at the Soldiers Home, and at 9 o clock A. M. we 
were mustered out of the service. 

In conclusion let me state that I cannot speak in too high 
terms of the officers and men of my command it being composed 



74 MORGAN RAID. 

of Indiana and Illinois troops. The officers and men from Indiana 
did their duty in every respect, and I was particularly pleased with 
the gentlemanly appearance and soldier like conduct of that part of 
my command from Illinois, The discipline of all the companies was 
so perfect that we had no straggling from the regiment, and what is 
very remarkable we had not one single case of intoxication while the 
regiment was in the service. 
I am, General, 

Very respectfully, 

Your obedient service, 

J. R. MAHAN, 
Col. Comd g 109^ Reg t Indiana Militia. 



REPORT OF MAJ. JOHNSON McCULLOUGH, 

QUARTERMASTER 2o BRIGADE, INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS 2o BRIGADE INDIANA LEGION. 1 
Bloomington, Ind., Aug. 1, 1863. j 

Brig. Gen. James Hughes: 

SIR: On Thursday, July 9, 1863, I was ordered to Mitchell, to 
take charge of the Quartermaster and Commissary departments. 

On arriving at Mitchell, I found everything in confusion; so much 
so that it was impossible for me to make a minute and accurate re 
port, owing to the hurry and confusion incident to so rapid a pursuit 
after Morgan as ours was compelled to be ; but, instead, permit me 
to make the following statement : 

At Mitchell we distributed arms and ammunition sufficient to arm 
the force present; all of which arms have been since returned at 
Indianapolis, except, probably, four (4) guns. From Mitchell we 
moved east, begging such articles of necessity as the men were com 
pelled to have such as cooking utensils, forage for horses, &c., all 
of which we duly gave receipts for. How many receipts we gave, I 



MORGAN RAID. 75 

am unable to state, nor how much they amount to, not having any 
hooks to keep accounts in. At Sunman s station we were ordered to 
Indianapolis, at which place we gave up our arms and cooking uten 
sils, and were duly discharged on Friday, July 17, 1863. 
Yours, 

JOHNSON McCULLOUGH, 
and Q, M< 2d Brigade, Indiana 



INDIANA LEGION 



REPORT OP LIEUT. COL. E. H. 0. GAVINS, 
OF MAJ, GEN. JAMES HUGHES STAFF. 



HEADQUARTERS SND Div. IND. LEGION, 1 
Bloomington, Ind., Dec. 5th, 1864. j" 

Major General John L. Mansfield : 

GENERAL : On my return from Indianapolis I find yours of the- 
21st ult., to Major General Hughes, in which you say the Governor 
expects a report of the military services of the Indiana Legion, &c, 
I have not the information upon which to make a report, but will 
furnish you with an informal account of such matters as have come 
to my knowledge since my connection with the Legion. 

I received notice of my appointment as Inspector on Maj. Gen. 
Hughes staff on the 10th day of August, 1864, and hence know 
nothing of the services before that time. At that time the people of 
Southern Indiana were laboring under great excitement^ expecting 
internal strife and civil war. The fact of an existing secret con 
spiracy against the Government was developed in many different 
ways, not at that time conclusive, but satisfactory. In the counties 
of Washington, Crawford, Harrison, Martin, Daviess, Sullivan, 
Green, Knox, Dubois, and others, organized bodies of men were 
officered in military style, and having regular drills, some with,, and 
some without arms. These men were not armed under any law of 
the State or Government, and their object, so far as they gave 



7$ INDIANA LEGIDN. 

expression to it, was in opposition to the Government. They were 
threatening to resist the draft, and protect deserters, but the more 
cautious would say that they were going to have a fair election. 
This boast of having a fair election was usually in localities where 
their partisans then had large majorities, and where it was impossible 
for their opponents to control the elections. In addition to these 
evidences of disloyalty, during the latter part of July and early in 
August, in many counties where these illegal companies were organ* 
ized, members of the companies talked in such a manner as to cause 
the people to believe that about the 15th or 16th of August a terri 
ble calamity would befall them in the promiscuous slaughter of Union 
men and burning of their property. 

On the 12th day of August^ Maj. Gen. Hughes and staff went t 
Evansville for the purpose of organizing the Legion along the border. 
At that time large numbers of guerrillas, under Colonels Johnson 
and Seipert, were congregating in Union and Henderson counties, 
Ky., and parties of them had been seen on the river bank above and 
below Evansville, Ind., and they had actually captured several U. S 
transports on the Ohio river* The Ohio river, at that time, was 
fordable at many places,, and the means of defense were greatly 
inadequate to the threatened danger. The country on this side was 
swarming with " refugees J> as they called themselves a most dan 
gerous element at that time, and could readily have been converted 
into an armed array for purposes of plunder or invasion. 

A portion of the Legion in Warrick, Vanderburgh and Posey 
counties were immediately called into service, and disposed along the 
river bank so as to guard the fords of the river. Information, 
deemed reliable, was received that a plot was organized, between 
citizens of Indiana and refugees from Kentucky, to burn the railroad 
bridge across White river, between Evansville and Vincennes, on the 
night of the 15th day of August; and a company of the Evansville 
regiment, under Capt. Bisch (now Col. Bisch) was sent to that point 
to guard it. The bridge was guarded two nights, when it was 
believed that the danger in that direction was over. Information 
was received that Colonels Johnson and Seipert intended crossing 
the Ohio river for the purpose of destroying Mount Vernon, Evans 
ville, and other towns along the Indiana border. Maj. Gen. Hughes, 
upon consultation with Maj. Gen. Hovey, U. S. Vols.. determined 
that the safest and most expeditious way to defeat the object of the 
invaders was to organize a force and cross over into Kentucky and 
attack the various rebel camps in detail; and for that purpose the 



INDIANA LEGION. 70 

Indiana Legion in Warrick, Vanderburgh and Posey were called on 
for volunteers. They responded with great enthusiasm, and on the 
morning of the 17th of August, after leaving a sufficient guard along 
the river, seven hundred and fifty cavalry and infantry of the Legion, 
and five pieces of artillery of the Legion, properly manned, with 
four hundred U. S. Vols., all under command of Maj. Gen. Hovey, 
U. S. Vols., started on their expedition. Maj. Gen. Hughes and 
staff expected to cross the river with the command, but were detained 
in procuring and sending forward horses for the command. They 
crossed the river on the morning of the 18th, and joined the com 
mand at Morganfield at 12 o clock on that day, and continued with 
the command during the expedition. (I send you herewith Maj. 
Gen. Hovey s report of the expedition.) 

This expedition, in promptly breaking up the guerrilla camps near 
the border, and dispersing the rebels who were threatening our St^te, 
served to quiet the general feeling throughout the Division. Gen, 
Hughes and staff immediately began organizing the Legion through 
out the Division, giving special attention to those portions where any 
considerable portion of the people seemed disposed to resist the 
legally constituted authorities of the Government. 

On the 13th day of September information was received that a 
band of guerrillas disbanded at Branderiburgh, Ky., for the purpose 
of coming into Indiana to influence the election. Prompt measures 
were taken by Brig. Gen. Jordan against those who appeared in this 
State, and some were arrested arid turned over to the United States 
authorities. 

On the 2d day of October information was received that a fortfe 
of from two hundred to three hundred men was assembled in Craw 
ford and Orange counties for the purpose of resisting the draft and 
plundering the citizens. Immediate steps were taken by the Legion 
for their suppression, which was promptly accomplished by Brig. 
Gen. Jordan. (I herewith send you a copy of Brig. Gen. Jordan s 
report, arid confessions of rioters.) 

On the 20th day of October, 1864, the Sullivan Guards, com 
manded by Lieut, Stewart Barnes, were disarmed and disbanded on 
account of their disloyalty and their refusal to assemble for inspec 
tion, after having been properly ordered to assemble for that pur 
pose. Their arms were turned over by Lieut. Col. McCullough, of 
Gen. Hughes staff, to the Quartermaster General of the State. 

There has not been as much disturbance in the limits of the Divi 
sion as was feared there would be. The greatest security for peace 



80 INDIANA LEGION. 

is to be prepared for war, and this truth has been fully proved in 
Indiana during this summer. If the Legion had remained unorgan 
ized, inactive and seemingly unable to resist any force, invasion and 
civil war would certainly have overwhelmed us. But the very fact 
that it gave visible demonstrations of organization, vitality and 
strength was the security that has given us peace within the State. 
I am, respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

E. H. C. GAVINS, 

Lieut. Col and A. A. G. 

P. S. I will send a report of the strength of the command in a 
few days. 



REPORT OF BRIG. GEN. HENRY JORDAN, 

COMMANDING 2o BRIG., 2D Div. IND. LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS 2o BRIG., 2o Div., IND. LKGION, ] 
Corydon, October 7, 1864. / 

COLONEL: I forward herewith specimens of the confessions of 
the prisoners taken during the recent troubles in Crawford and 
Orange counties. I will forward the entire document as soon as a 
copy can be prepared. Your particular attention is called to the 
confession of Martin Belcher, who states that efforts will be made 
to stuff the ballot boxes and to vote refugees, deserters, and stran 
gers generally, in the approaching election. As I am too unwell at 
present to prepare my official report, I embrace this opportunity to 
state a few facts, which it is important should be generally known. 
I regard the late troubles in Crawford and Orange counties as a mis 
erable failure of an extensive conspiracy. I base this opinion upon 
the following facts : 1st. Information of a reliable character re 
ceived more than four weeks ago, that the guerrillas in Kentucky 
were disbanding and coming, one at a time, to the Indiana side. 
2d. Positive evidence that a large number of guerrillas have actually 
been among us for several weeks. 3d. Information from an officer 



INDIANA LEGION. 

of the Sons of Liberty, who did not wish to involve his family and 
property in civil war, that it had been determined by that organiza 
tion to resist the draft, and that five hundred guerrillas from Ken 
tucky many of whom were already amongst us were to co-ope 
rate. 4th. Confessions of the prisoners, who state that the uprising 
was to be general, and that they expected to receive heavy reinforce 
ments from other counties. 

From the testimony taken by my staff officers during and since 
the difficulties, I am led to the belief that not more than three 
hundred persons were engaged in actual hostilities. The rioters 
were divided into small bands, the largest that I could hear of 
numbering seventy-five (75) men. The ringleaders were guerrillas 
from Kentucky, whose object was plunder. They seemed to care 
but little about the draft, and only used it to obtain assistance in 
their nefarious scheme. When the movement failed they escaped, 
carrying off, as the prisoners say, the entire proceeds of the robber 
ies, and leaving their dupes to suffer for their crimes. Some escaped 
to Kentucky, and others to the disloyal portions of the State. I 
think that at least fifty persons were robbed by these men. Most of 
the stolen horses were recovered. The number of prisoners taken 
by my forces was about forty. Some of these, against whom I could 
find no testimony, I released. I delivered seven conscripts, who had 
been engaged in the affair, to Col. Merriwathcr, Provost Marshal of 
this district. I sent ninety-one citizens, who had participated in it, 
to Major Gen. Hovey, as directed by you. 

The evidence against most of them is very strong, many of them 
having confessed that they participated in the robberies and resist 
ance to the draft. I arrested several persons for the awful crime of 
persuading their ignorant neighbors into resistance to law, while 
they themselves took no active part in the trouble they had created. 

I proposed to deliver a portion of the prisoners to the civil authori 
ties for trial, but the leading citizens of Leavenworth, without regard 
to party, fearing that an effort might be made to relieve them, peti 
tioned me, in writing, to send them to some military post for con- 
finement. The people living near the scene of this disturbance, 
being apprehensive of further violent proceedings, I stationed Captain 
Aydelotte s company (L, 6th Reg t.) at Hartford, with orders to 
remain there until quiet was restored. I will communicate, in a for 
mal report, the operations of the forces under my command during 
this disturbance. 

I am satisfied that the prompt action of the militia force had the 
M. R. 6 



82 INDIANA LEGION. 

effect to deter many persons from participating in this disturbance, 
and that if a large force had not promptly confronted the robbers, 
the affair would have assumed a more alarming aspect. The credit of 
assembling our forces is mainly due to my subordinate officers, who, 
in many cases, had mustered their commands and gone in pursuit 
before my orders reached them. There were no casualties; one or 
two of my men had their clothes pierced by balls fired at them. 

Permit me to suggest, in conclusion, that the facts set forth in this 
communication be given to the public, so that the importance of the 
affair may be neither underrated nor exaggerated. 
Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

HENRY JORDAN, 
Brigadier General Commanding. 
COL. E. H. C. CAVIN, 

A. A. G., Gen. Ilughes s Staff. 



TESTIMONY AND CONFESSIONS IN THE CRAWFORD 
AND ORANGE COUNTY CONSPIRACIES. 

(REPORTED BY DIRECTION OF BRIG. GEN. HENRY JORDAN.) 

The prisoners were brought into a room, one at a time, and ques 
tioned by Gen. Jordan and Col. Woodbury. They were not sworn, 
and all their confessions were voluntary. Each prisoner was assured 
that he would not be compelled to disclose anything against his own 
will. The examination was public. Such citizens as wished to enter 
the room were admitted, and allowed to listen to the questions and 
answers. 

JUNIUS LOMAX lives in Greenfield township, Orange county; states 
that he is a drafted man ; that he went to Williamsburg, in Orange 
county, where he heard that the drafted men were going to resist the 
draft. Geo. Coffman, of Floyd county, made a speech, and advised 
the drafted men to resist. At another meeting, held south of Wil- 
liamsburg, Saturday evening, October 1, John Allstott, of Craw 
ford county, advised us to resist. The guns taken from the Home 
Guards were taken through spite. I took a gun from Valentine 



INDIANA LEGION. 83 

Cook, of the Valeene Home Guards. I was along when Patterson 
Apple was arrested and robbed of his pistol. A good many of the 
drafted men were present at these meetings. A number of stran 
gers were also present. I understood that some of them were from 
Kentucky. A man named Lynch, from Harrison county, was pre 
sent. John "W. Stone has been through there, advising the men to 
resist the draft. Jacob Cook took the lead in disarming Valentine 
Cook. Heimener Seibolt took the lead in taking the pistol from 
Patterson Apple. 

WILLIAM SANDERS resides in Sterling township, Crawford county. 
I saw that something was going to be done. My son James was 
along with the crowd, aud I wanted to get him away from them. I 
overtook some of them near Belcher s. Before we got to E. H. 
G olden s there were at least thirty men present. There were seven 
men present that I can swear to, namely : Union McMickle, Bob 
Allen, John Allstott, Jas. Sanders, Thos. Highfield, John McKabe, 
and Benton Newkirk. They told me that they were going to press 
Goldens money and horses. Don t know what they got, as I took 
no hand in the robbery. I saw Goldens wife, but did not tell her 
that I had nothing to do with it. I did not see Goldens. They 
pressed a horse and a pistol in another place. Allstott told me that 
if I ever told it my life was at stake. Just as I was in the act of 
starting home I heard them say that they knew of several rich hauls. 
I was at the Post Office in Brownstown on Thursday. There was a 
good deal of talk about seizing the guns of the Home Guards. I 
heard Ben. Brown and Benton Newkirk hurrah for Jeff. Davis. The 
crowd was of unusual size fifty men or more. The robbers used 
nicknames, and it being dark I only knew those I saw inside at Gol 
dens house. 

LORENZO D. KNIGHT, resident of Patoka township, Crawford 
county. I am a member of the Knights of the Golden Circle. The 
signs Gen. Jordan gave me are right. When Morgan was last in 
Kentucky they told me that if he came over here he would help us 
and we would help him. We were to seize horses in the neighbor 
hood to mount ourselves. They cursed Lincoln bitterly. Dr. Bowles 
was a General in the order. I heard Horace Heffren s name fre 
quently. We were to get help from Harrison county in resisting the 
draft. They tvere to put Woods, Cummings and Goldens out of the 
way. There was talk of robbing Bill Ray. who was understood to 



84 INDIANA LEGION. 

have a large sum of money about him. I was with McMickle, All- 
stott and company, when they went to rob Cummins on Friday morn 
ing. I understood that a majority of the people of my county were 
"Knights." I have heard Jesse McWilliams denounce the Presi 
dent, &c. Kinsey Livingston and Perry Knight asked me to join 
the K. G. C. I saw at their meetings Jas. Sanders, John Mason, 
Elisha Mason, Tim. Mason, John Knight, Wm. Sanders, Larkin 
Lankford, Henry Strand, Duval L. Brown, Jesse Cuzzant, Tim. Bel 
cher, Joel Newkirk and Jonathan Newkirk. The most of these men 
were at Kendal s store, in Orange county, on Saturday, October 1st. 
I voted to resist the draft at a meeting at Zion s Hollow, near 
Brownstown. This meeting was held on Thursday evening, Sept. 
29th. I think a majority voted not to resist the draft. Those who 
voted not to resist the draft said they had failed to get the assistance 
from other counties that they expected. Frank Enlow said he would 
not report if drafted. I was with them at Goldens when he was 
robbed. We did not get as much money as we expected. I think 
our leaders got all the money. Elias Corby, of Orange, was also at 
Goldens . 

JOSEPH E. ALLEN, resides in Sterling township, Crawford county. 
I heard Union McMickle say he intended to use Jas. Sloan up, and 
kill Woods, Cummings and Joseph Miller at the risk of his life. The 
man that went under the name of Bob Allen was not Bob Allen. 
The rioters said they were opposed to the milk and water policy of 
Jim Lemonds (County Clerk) and Mart. Tucker (Sheriff,) and would 
have a policy of their own. I voted to resist the draft. We under 
stood that there was three hundred of our men in camp in Harrison 
county. There were men from Kentucky with us. Don t know 
anything about the firing that was done at Col. Johnson s regiment. 
So far as I know, all the rioters belong to the K. G. C. 

MARTIN BELCHER lives in East township, Orange county. I am a 
brother of Jerry Belcher. I told Captain Tucker that I had no arms 
of my own, but a borrowed revolver. I delivered it up. I have 
been at one of those meetings. It was at the school house in Zion s 
Hollow. Enos Nells was there ; also Union McMickle and Josiah 
Stronde. Heard some talk about resisting the draft. It was the 
general understanding that the ballot-boxes were to be stuffed ; also, 
that all the strangers among us had the right to vote. 



REPORT OF COLONEL CHARLES FOURNIER, 

COMMANDING STII REGIMENT INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS STH REG T INDIANA LEGION, \ 
Cannelton, Ind., Dec. 6th, 1864. / 

Gen. H. Jordan, Commanding 2d Brig., 2d Div., Ind. Legion : 

GENERAL : According to orders received, I would respectfully 
submit the following report of the operations of the 5th Regiment of 
the Indiana Legion during 1863 and 1864, compiled from the reports 
of company commanders : 

On February 3d, 1863, I ordered out company Hickory Rangers 
(fifty- four men) to do guard duty along the lower part of the county, 
the rebels having full possession of the town of Lewisport, Ky., six 
miles below Troy. The company was kept on duty three days, sta 
tioned at Cannelton, Tell City, and Troy. 

On February 25th, a request was sent from Hawesville to send 
some companies over to repel a rebel attack. Maj. Lees, to whom 
an order was given from here, called out companies Newcomb 
Guards, (twenty-two men,) Dutch Yagers, (thirty-eight men,) Emmet 
Guards, (twenty-six men,) together with Capt. Payne s company, 
Cannelton Artillery, (sixteen men,) and stationed his forces opposite 
Hawesville, ready to cross if necessary. No attack was made by 
the rebels and the companies were discharged. 

On the 3d day of March a company of rebel mounted infantry 
rode into Hawesville about dusk. Proper measures were made for a 
night attack, but a reconnoisance being made by myself and a few offi 
cers into Hawesville about midnight, it was found that the rebels, after 
enjoying a supper with their sympathizers, had withdrawn to parts 
unknown. 

On June 8th a company of rebels came into Cloverport, Ky., for 
the purpose of obtaining horses. As they avowed their purpose to 



86 INDIANA LEGION. 

come over and obtain a sufficient number of horses from Tobin s Bot 
tom, I ordered Capt. Tobin, with his company, (eighty-seven men,) to 
the point opposite Cloverport. The rebels did not wish to fight for 
the possession of the horses, but took such as they could gather up 
in Cloverport and made tracks for a more congenial clime. 

On the 17th of June the rebel Capt. Hines crossed into Indiana, 
eighteen miles above here, with a force of sixty-five men. Immedi 
ately upon receiving the news, I gathered what mounted men I could 
and started forthwith in pursuit. It was said that it was the purpose 
of the rebels to destroy the U. S. ram Monarch, then lying high and 
dry on Flint Island Bar. We reached the ram at 10 o clock at night, 
and there learned that the rebels had gone towards Corydon. Capt. 
Essary, commanding the 2d battery of this regiment, had ordered 
out all the companies under his command in pursuit of Hines, who 
turned to recross the river above Leavenworth at the upper Blue River 
Island. When on the Island, the Legion of Crawford and Harrison 
counties, together with Capt. Essary s command, opened fire on the 
rebels, who, after a vain attempt to swim the river, threw their arms 
into the water and surrendered. Capt. Essary captured five men, 
with their horses and equipments. The other command captured two 
stragglers, one of them mounted. 

All the prisoners were sent under guard to Louisville, by steamer 
J. T. McCombs. The horses and equipments were delivered to Capt. 
Merriweather, Provost Marshal of the District, except one horse, 
which belonged to Union Star, Kentucky. The companies were dis 
charged from duty on the 20th. The number of men out on this 
raid were one hundred and eighty-five mounted infantry of the 
2d battalion, and seventy-four of the 1st battalion, together with fifty- 
seven men of the cavalry company Hickory Rangers. 

Such a lesson was taught the rebels that it kept them in check for 
awhile, until the 8th of July, when by the returning steamer the 
startling news was brought that the rebel General John Morgan had 
taken the steamers Alice Dean and McCombs and was embarking his 
men at Brandenburgh, Kentucky about sixty miles from here. 
Forthwith every man was called out for duty, and in less than four 
hours we had taken an advantageous position three miles above Can- 
nelton, where steamers, at low water, are obliged to pass close to the 
Indiana shore, in order to dispute Morgan s passage down the river, 
should he attempt to pass. All companies along the border of this 
county, together with the Militia on the river, were on duty until it 
was ascertained that Morgan had crossed his forces and burned the 



INDIANA LEGION. 78 

Alice Dean. All such as could be mounted were then sent to 
Leavenworth, where we heard that Morgan was attempting to 
recross. Upwards of two hundred mounted men of the 2d Battalion 
had already gone in pursuit the day before, who arrived too late at 
Corydon and Leavenworth to participate in the heavy skirmish so 
gallantly sustained by the boys of the Harrison County Legion. 

A portion of the men were sent on the Paoli road, as it was said 
that Morgan was marching on the Ohio and Mississippi railroad. As 
we had no telegraph communication the wildest rumors were always 
afloat. On the llth I received, through Col. Crooks, commanding 
4th regiment, an order from Governor Morton to establish a line of 
pickets so as to form a connection between New Albany and Evans- 
ville. A line was formed forthwith, connecting Crawford and Spen 
cer counties, and Col. Crook notified thereof, who expressed his 
satisfaction after examining the lines. The men belonging to the 
Legion were kept on duty until the 17th day of July, when learning 
that Morgan had gone out of the State they were discharged. 

My command brought in four deserters of Morgan s on the 12th 
and two on the 13th, all of whom were sent to Louisville and turned 
over to Gen. Boyle. 

Maj. James Lees and Capt. Essary rendered most efficient services 
during this raid, as did also Lieut. Hathorn, of company Hickory 
Rangers, w r ho acted as Adjutant, and proved himself a most efficient 
officer. 

On September 15th, Capt. Eldred Pate, Provost Marshal of Han 
cock county, Ky., called on me for help to disperse or capture a 
company of rebels then in that county. With a few men of com 
pany Dutch Yagers, I went across and remained until the evening of 
the 16th, when the news came from Capt. Westerfield that the rebels 
had gone to Calhoun. 

Nothing important occurred until January 12th, 1864, when we 
were again called upon by the authorities at Hawesville. I did not 
comply with their wish to send men there, as the citizens of Hawes 
ville seemed not to consider the rebels as enemies ; on the contrary, 
some of the prominent citizens seemed on good terms with them. 

On the 15th and 16th of April the companies were called out for 
inspection, by order of his Excellency, Gov. Morton. A detailed 
report was sent to Gen. Noble on the 18th of April. 

In May, of this year, the rebels again began to be thick on the 
border, and strong patrol guards had to be called out repeatedly 
during this and the following month. The rebels fired from Hawes- 



INDIANA LEGION. 



ville, Lewisport, Owensboro, and other points, at U. S. transports 
and other steamers. 

On the 21st of May they crossed into Spencer county, at Taylors- 
ville, but were immediately repulsed by the Legion there. Small 
squads of Bines and Forrest s men were then constantly hovering 
around on the Kentucky shore, coming into the small Kentucky bor 
der towns whenever they had an opportunity of doing so unmolested. 
On the 15th of June, Capt. Essary s command was ordered out to 
repel an expected attack of the rebels then in force at Concordia, 
Ky. He ordered out, and took with him into camp, company Oil 
Rifles, (109 men ;) company Oil Greys, Capt. Charlet, (102 men ;) 
company Union Guards, Capt. Horten, (54 men;) Clark Township 
Infantry, Capt. Haines, (98 men ;) and company Voltigeurs, Capt. 
Ader, (48 men.) The men were posted from Rono to the mouth of 
Oil Creek. A few shots were exchanged across the river on the 
16th, but as there were no means of crossing the river with horses 
our men were compelled to stand it without being able to give them 
a fight, which they were more than willing to do. Our boys claim to 
have wounded some of the secesh. Only one of the rebel bullets 
struck the saddle of one of our men on picket duty. 

Capt. Hines, of old notoriety, commanded the rebels. He with 
drew his forces from Concordia on the 19th, and I discharged the 
men on the 20th and 21st, except company Tell City Artillery and 
company Cannelton Artillery, who were kept under arms that 
day the rebels having fired into the U. S. transport Science No. 2 
at Hawesville. A strong night guard of the companies of Cannel 
ton and Tell City was called out and kept on duty until June 23d. 
About this time the U. S. gunboat Springfield (No. 22) was placed on 
duty between Cannelton and New Albany by the Naval Commander 
of the District. An occasional shell, thrown unexpectedly into the 
squad of guerrillas galloping along the river bank, between here and 
Salt river, kept the rebels in salutary dread of Uncle Sam s spitfires, 
and things went on quietly until July 24th, when a strong squad 
pressed by the need of money and clothing, attempted to come into 
Hawesville again, after robbing a country store half a mile from the 
town, but Capt. Morgan, of the Springfield, gave them a salute from 
his brass bull-dogs that made them and their rebel sympathizers, on 
both sides of the ,river, wish that powder had not been invented. As 
long as the gunboat remained here we had very little trouble except 
to call out a night guard now and then. 

Gen. Carrington s order of August 13th was rigidly enforced. 



INDIANA LEGION. 89 

Several prisoners, taken under this order, were forwarded to Louis 
ville to be sent to Gen. Carrington s headquarters. 

During August and September squads of companies Tobin Guards, 
Hoosier Wild Cats, Tell City Rifles, and Tell City, Troy and Cannel- 
ton Artillery, were kept on guard duty. 

On the 3d of October I received an order from your headquarters 
to put a strong force along the border of tbe County. 

All Companies were called out and placed in regular camps along 
the river from Rono to Troy, a distance of 40 miles. Rebels were in 
force along the Kentucky shore, then, with the purpose of crossing, 
as they expected help on this side from sympathisers and such mal 
contents who had conceived the foolish idea of resisting the draft. 
The men were kept on duty until October 13th, when I received 
orders to discharge the Companies. Since then guards have been 
only kept over the pieces of Artillery in possession of Company, Tell 
City Artillery. 

So called Confederate forces, well mounted, but poorly armed, are at 
present very numerous on the Kentucky shore ; unless a strong caval 
ry force is stationed on that side of the river no permanent good can 
be effected. Three or four hundred men could be raised in this 
County as volunteers for such service ; perhaps the Governor, on 
application, would give permission to raise a Cavalry force for that 
purpose. 

The above report compiled from the report of Company officers, 
gives a general outline of the operations of the regiment I have the 
honor to command. All officers and men with few exceptions per 
formed their duty well. 

A more uniform system in the management of the Legion is neces- 
sary,and I hope the next Legislature will pass such amendments to 
the present Militia Law, as will make the organization more efficient 
than it is at present. 

To the vigilance and personal exertion of the Company and Field 
officers of the Regiment, the citizens of this county are indebted for 
the freedom from rebel raids, and destruction of property thereby. 

Respectfully submitting the above to your kind consideration. 
I remain General, 

Your obedient servant 

CH. FOURNIER, 
Col. 5th Reg., L L. 



REPORT OF BRIG. GEN L HENRY JORDAN. 



HEADQUARTERS 2o BRIG., 2o Div., IND. LEGION, \ 
Corydon, January 2, 1865. J 

Maj. Gen. Mansfield, Commanding 2nd. Legion : 

GENERAL : Col. Fournier, of the 5th Reg t Indiana Legion, in a 
letter dated Cannelton, Dec. 28, 1864, says : 

" I would further make respectfully the following report, to be 
added, if necessary, to the report made to you some time ago con 
cerning the operations of this regiment. 

" Since the commencement of December, rebel forces have come 
into the town of Hawesville in strong numbers, and made, in fact, 
the town their headquarters. 

" Maj. Walker Taylor, in command of the forces, demanded that 
they should be left undisturbed in possession of the town of Hawes 
ville, promising not to interrupt any of the citizens on this side. 

" I met the rebel Major on the ferry boat for a conversation on the 
point named above, but no terms were agreed to there, and all com 
munication stopped. 

" On the 28d of December, a ruffian who calls himself Capt. Bill 
Davidson, with his robber band, took possession of the packet Morn 
ing Star, at Lewisport, ten miles below here, where they murdered, 
in cold blood, four Union soldiers, drowned the steward of the boat, 
and robbed the boat and all the passengers of whatever money or 
valuables they had. 

" From Lewisport they made the boat take them to Hawesville, 
without landing either at Troy, Tell City, or Cannelton. As soon as 
I learned the facts, the companies on the river were called out for 
duty, and four pieces of artillery brought into position from Tell 
City. No sufficient force could be collected during the night to go 
across the river, which would have been of little use, the guerrillas 
having gone into camp three miles below Hawesville. In the morn- 



INDIANA LEGION. 91 

ing they returned to Hawesville, and were received by my men with 
a few effective shells, which were thrown after them through the 
town. This has been, until now, an effective remedy against their 
depredations. We have neither seen nor heard of any since. 

u The shells did but little damage to any of the Hawesville houses, 
passing through a few, just enough to show the Hawesville people 
that I was in earnest when I told them last Friday that I should 
shell the guerrillas out as soon as they would show themselves. In 
order to carry out this policy effectually, and to afford the border of 
this county a necessary protection, I have called out a force of fifty 
men to be stationed here as long as occasion shall require. I have 
also stopped all communication with the other side of the river, and 

control all the movements of the ferries. 

* # * >!< * * * x * * 

" Yesterday the Tell City Rifles brought in three men who wanted 
to take the oath, confessing they had been guerrillas. They were 
sent to Louisville. ,., 

(Signed) "CHAS. FOURNIER." 

The guerrillas attacked a steamboat at Brandenburg last Sunday 
morning, (Jan. 1st), but were repulsed by the guard on the boat. I 
think the guerrillas in Kentucky are quite as strong as ever, reports 
of their having joined Hood to the contrary notwithstanding. 

If what Col. Fournier has done does not meet your approbation 
you will please write to him, giving him full instructions. 

Very Respectfully, 

HENRY JORDAN, 

Brig. Gen. 2nd. Legion. 



REPORT OF BREVET MAJ. GEN. ALVIN P. HOVEY. 



HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF INDIANA, ) 
Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 8, 1864. / 

Brig. Gen. L. Thomas, Adjutant General U. S. A. : 

GENERAL : I have the honor to make the following report of my 
expedition in Kentucky, from the 16th to the 22d day of August, 
A. D. 1864: 

Being at Mt. Vernon, Indiana, awaiting commands under a verbal 
order from the Secretary of War, and having received reliable infor 
mation that Colonels Johnson and Seipert,of the Confederate Army, 
were collecting a large force in Union and Henderson Counties, 
numbering from one to two thousand, for the purpose of crossing the 
Ohio river and destroying the towns on the Indiana border, I wrote 
to Major Gen. Hughes, of the Indiana Legion, then at Evansville, 
Indiana, directing the defense of the border, stating that if sufficient 
force could be raised, I would cross the river and attack the camps 
reported at and near Morgansfield, Ky., hoping to surprise and cap 
ture a large number of the force there engaged in conscription and 
plunder. By the aid of Major Gen. Hughes, and by my own exer 
tions, I had, on the morning of the 17th day of August, A. D. 1864, 
at Mount Vernon, Ind., the 46th Reg t Ind. Infantry Vol s, Col. 
Bringhurst commanding 200 men ; the non- veterans of the 32d 
Reg t Ind. Infantry Vol s, Col. Erdelmeyer commanding 200 men ; 
several parts of companies of infantry, and three companies of cav 
alry, of the Indiana Legion, from the counties of Vanderburg, War- 
rick and Posey making a force of 750 infantry and cavalry. To 
this was added five pieces of artillery belonging to the Indiana 
Legion. 

The artillery not having horses, it became necessary to press them 
for the guns, which was done by myself in Posey County, and by 
Gen. Hughes in Vanderburg County, Ind. I also detained five 
steamers the Dunleith, Cottage, Gen. Halleck, Jennie Hopkins, and 



INDIANA LEGION. 93 

Jeanette Rogers for the purpose of transporting the infantry, and 
to ferry the cavalry and artillery across the river. On the morning 
of the 17th I started from Mount Vernon, Indiana, with the infantry 
and artillery on transports, sending the cavalry along the Indiana 
shore until they arrived opposite Uniontown, Ky., there to cross on 
transports sent for that purpose. We arrived at Uniontown, Ky., at 
2 o clock P. M. Up to this time the movement, its object and des 
tination, were a complete secret. Immediately moved out upon the 
Morgansfield road, skirmishing slightly with the enemy s pickets ; 
struck a camp at White Oak Springs, two miles south of Morgans- 
field, Ky., about 5 P. M., capturing a few prisoners and scattering 
Johnson s force in all directions. On the 18th I marched rapidly, 
and at an early hour, to Geiger s Lake, nine miles west of Morgans- 
field, where a large camp was reported, sending cavalry in the direc 
tion of Shawneetown, who were to form a junction and act with the 
infantry. On our arrival found the camp had been deserted the night 
before, on hearing of our advance. The cavalry skirmished slightly, 
taking a few prisoners, but meeting no considerable force of the 
enemy. At 6 P. M., Gen. Hughes reached Morgansfield, with the 
information that General Paine had landed at Uniontown with two 

thousand, and Gen. Prentiss at Sbawneetown with United States 

troops, upon which information I started on the 19th, for Henderson, 
Ky., by way of Smith s Mills, at which point the advance met a 
small body of the enemy whom they charged, taking a few prisoners, 
including one commissioned officer Capt. Bates, Assistant Adjutant 
General to Col. Seipert who was severely wounded. The Indiana 
Legion being unprepared for a campaign, I subsisted partially upon 
the country. 

The total number of prisoners taken was three commissioned offi 
cers and thirty enlisted men. We also captured several horses and 
mules. I desire to return my sincere thanks to Major General James 
Hughes, of the Indiana Legion, for his assistance, both in collecting 
the force and conducting the expedition ; also, to Col. John A. Mann, 
of the Indiana Legion, Col. Bringhurst, of the 46th Reg t Ind. 
Infantry Vols., Col. Erdelmeyer and Lieut. Col. Mank, of the 82d 
Ind. Infantry Vols., and the officers and men under their command, 
for their cheerful co-operation and prompt execution of orders. 
I am, General, with great respect, 

Your Obedient Servant, 

ALVIN P. HOVEY, 
Brev. Maj. Gen. Commanding. 



REPORT OF COL. W. W. FRYBARGER, 

CHIEF OF ARTILLERY. 



HEADQUARTERS CHIEF OF ARTILLERY,! 
Indianapolis, August 1st, 1863. f 

To His Excellency, 0. P. MORTON, Governor of Indiana: 

DEAR SIR : I have the honor to submit the following report as to 
the condition of the organized companies of artillery, and also, the 
condition of guns found at various points along the South border of 
the State, on the Ohio River from Lawrenceburg to Mt. Vernon, and 
for your convenience have condensed the same. I first visited Law 
renceburg and proceeded from that point to Mt. Vernon, and care 
fully inspected all the artillery on the river. I found but few 
guns that were not deficient in equipment, the companies organized 
are deficient in drill, most of them wholly ignorant of this arm of the 
service, and are not instructed as to the use of ordnance necessary 
to be used with their guns. The officers and men of the organiza 
tions take a lively interest in learning their duties, and are anxious 
to make themselves useful, and earnestly ask that they be supplied 
with the necessary equipments. It will be impossible under the pres 
ent condition of the artillery to do anything towards making that 
arm of the service avilable until they have been properly equipped. 

The companies already organized have become somewhat discour 
aged and demoralized in consequence of the facts stated, and until 
equipments and small arms have been furnished them, nothing can be 
done to encourage them. 

I desire to call your especial attention to the importance of fur 
nishing companies with some description of uniform. If an arrange 
ment could be made to furnish the companies with uniforms and have 
it taken out of their pay, it would satisfy the men and encourage them 
in the enterprise of organizing and drilling for the defense of the 
border, to which no arm of the service could contribute more than 



INDIANA LEGION. 95 

the artillery. Instances have already occurred, in -which our soldiers 
in citizen s dress, have fired into and killed each other. I would also 
reccommend that a change be made along the whole length of the 
border, in regard to the distribution of the guns ; under the present 
arrangement they are too much mixed. Inexperienced men should 
have but one description of gun, because that will be as much as they 
will be able to understand under their organization and facilities for 
drilling. I found in many points the ammunition which had been 
shipped for the guns already referred to, was mixed a great deal, and 
in a condition not serviceable. To sum up all the defects, I regret 
to say that there is not a complete equipped gun on the border; it 
will take one officer constantly engaged to keep it on a proper foot 
ing. I would respectfully recommend that all the guns, eight in 
number, (usually called the Dahlgren) be concentrated on the Ohio 
River where there are hospitals, say at New Albany, Madison and 
Evansvile, from the fact of their being too heavy for light, or field 
artillery. I will also call your especial attention to the fact that I 
have condemned eight bronze pieces, which are not safe to be used 
in consequence of having been in the service for a long time; the 
defects are especially mentioned in my condensed report. 

I have ordered the officers in charge of the condemned guns not 
to use them for any purpose whatever since my order they have 
been used, and two sad accidents occurred from premature discharges. 
All the guns I have condemned, should be sent to Mr. Greenwood, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and disposed of. He proposes to furnish new guns 
at 65 cts. per Ib. and allowing for the old, 22 cts. per Ib. As long 
as these guns are along the border, they will be used, and when they 
are in use, will be liable to premature discharges, which always 
result in disaster and injury to the service. 

I have the honor to be, 

Yours most respectfully, 

W. W. FRYBARGER, 
Col. 1st Artillery, Ind. Vols. 



REPORT OF COL. J. H. KOONTZ, 

COMMANDING DELAWARE REGIMENT, INDIANA LEGION. 



YORKTOWN, INDIANA, Nov. 25th, 1864. 
Maj. Gen. J. L. Mansfield, Indianapolis, Indiana : 

DEAR SIR : My command has as yet seen no service, either in 
enforcing the laws or repelling raids. 

Respectfully, 

Your ob t servant, 

J. H. KOONTZ, 
Col. Delaivare Regiment Indiana Legion. 



REPORT OF MAJ. DAVID E. SHAW. 

COMMANDING RANDOLPH BATTALION, INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS RANDOLPH COUNTY BATTALION, \ 
Farmland, Indiana, Nov. 30th, 1864. / 

Maj. Gen. J. L. Mansfield: 

DEAR SIR: In compliance with your request I have to report that 
the only service performed by my command within the last year, has 
been the battalion drills, as the Militia Law, section 37, demands. 
On each occasion there wag a very general turn out and the battalion 



INDIANA LEGION. 97 

was exercised in all the various duties of camp and drill, very much 
to the satisfaction of all concerned. 

Very respectfully, 

Your ob t servant, 

DAVID E. SHAW, 
Maj. Commanding Battalion* 



REPORT OF COL. KENNEDY BROWN, 

COMMANDING 9ra REG T INDIANA LEGION. 



VERNON, Ind., Nov. 30, 1864, 
Maj. Gen. Mansfield? 

SIR : Yours at hand. The 9th Indiana Legion was after Morgan 
nine days ; on duty in Madison four days ; making sum total of thir* 
teen days service rendered. 

Yours truly, 

K. BROWN, 
Col. Qth Indiana Legion. 



REPORT OF MAJOR WILLIAM MANNING, 

COMMANDING WAYNE BATTALION, INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS WAYNE Co. BATTALION, 

IND 
Abingtoi 

Maj. Gen. J* L. Mansfield : 



YNE Co. BATTALION,"| 
INDIANA LEGION, V 
dngton, Dec. 3, 1864. j 



DEAR SIR : To -day I had the honor of receiving yours of the 
21st ult., requesting a detailed account of the part taken by my 
M, R. 7 



INDIANA LEGION. 



command in any of the raids, or on other occasions, &c. I beg leave 
to say that at the time of the raid of Morgan, in July of 1863, there 
were organized in this county three companies of Militia, under the 
act organizing the Indiana Legion, all of which companies responded 
to the call of the Governor at that time. Of the part taken by each 
company on that occasion I have no official knowledge. Since that 
time there have been two other companies organized; and, on the 
29th of August, 1868, the five companies \vere formed into a battal 
ion, and I was elected and commissioned to the command of the same. 
Since then we have not been on duty. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WILLIAM MANNING, 
Maj. Wayne Co. Battalion, Indiana Legion. 



REPORT OF MAJOR WILSON MORROW, 

COMMANDING FRANKLIN BATTALION, INDIANA LEGION. 



BROOKVILLE, December 5, 1864. 
Maj. Gen. Mansfield, Commanding Indiana Legion : 

GENERAL : I am in receipt of yours of the 22d ult., requesting 
a detailed report of the military services rendered by the Indiana 
Legion under my command, since the last session of the Legislature. 

No part of my command has been called into actual service since 
the organization of the battalion, either by the military or civil 
authorities of the State. There h^re been frequent company and bat 
talion drills. On the 16th of April last, in pursuance to orders, the 
battalion met at Brookville for drill, and while thus engaged, an 
attempt was made by some soldiers at home on furlough, to demolish 
a printing office in said town, which had abused them and their cause. 
In obedience to my orders a portion of my command interposed, 



INDIANA LEGION. 99 

restored order, and protected the property from destruction, to accom 
plish which we had to guard the property all night. Over one hun 
dred of my command, including myself, volunteered, last May, in the 
one hundred days service. 

Perhaps none of the above items come within the service of which 
you required a detailed report, but I submit them for your considera 
tion. 

Very Respectfully, 

Your Ob t Serv t, 

WILSON MORROW, Major F. C. B. 



REPORT OF COL THOMAS WEBB, 

COMMANDING MARION COUNTY REGIMENT, INDIANA LEGION. 



INDIANAPOLIS, Indiana, Dec. 9, 1864. 
Maj. Gen. Mansfield : 

SIR : I have the honor to make the following report of my com 
mand, in compliance with request from headquarters. Since the 
regiment came into my command, it has never been in any engage 
ments or done more than drill. The regiment was organized in 
August, 1863, shortly after the Morgan raid. Six out of the nine 
companies composing the regiment took part in the campaign against 
Morgan. 

I have requested the officers commanding those companies to make 
a full and accurate report to me, which I will forward as soon as 
received, if necessary ; or will not those companies be reported in 
the regiments to which they then belonged ? 

I am, Sir, 

Your Ob t Serv t, 

THOS. WEBB, 
Col. Commanding Marion Co. Regiment. 



REPORT OF COL. HARVEY D. SCOTT, 

COMMANDING VIGO REGIMENT, INDIANA LEGION. 



TERRE HAUTE, Dec. 20, 1864. 
Ma}. Gen. John L. Mansfield : 

DEAR SIR : In accordance with your letter of the 22d November^ 
1864, I submit the following statement : 

The Yigo regiment was organized the 4th day of September, 1863,. 
since which time the regiment has had three battalion drills. The 
companies composing the regiment have had two drills each month. 
The commanders of companies have had one officers drill of three 
days. The regiment has not performed any active service, but has 
been prepared and ready for any service required since its organiza 
tion* 

Respectfully, 

Your Ob t Serv t, 

H. D. SCOTT, 
Col. Vic/o Regiment, Indiana Legion* 



REPORT OF CAPT. THOS. M. ADAMS, 

COMMANDING CENTER GUARDS, INDIANA LEGION. 



NASHVILLE, Ind., December 9th, 1864. 
To Maj. Wm. T. Jones, A. A. Gen l, 2d Brig. 2d Div. Ind. Legion.- 

In compliance with a communication from your Headquarters,, 
dated the 28th ult., I have the honor to submit the following report 
of the operations of the "Center Guards. :." 



INDIANA LESION. 

The command was- organized and mustered . in > <?a tfre 4ti- -idy. >cf 
June 1864, and has never been called out for duty. 

It has, however, nee been called out for inspection, by the Major 
General Commanding 2d Division, and was by Lieut. Col. Gavins,, 
inspected on the 8th day of September, 1864. 

The company has spent eight days drilling sinxie its organization. 
I have the honor to be, Major, 

Your obedient servant, 

THOMAS M. ADAMS, 
Capt. Comd g Center Guards. 



REPORT OF BRIG. GEK HENRY JORDAN, 

COMMANDING 2o DIVISION INDIANA LEGION. 



HEADQUARTERS, IST & 2D BRIGADES INDIANA LEGION, \ 
CORYDON, November 25th, 1864. j 

To W. H. H. Terrell, Adft Gen. Indiana, Indianapolis, Ind.: 

General: Your attention is respectfully called to the condition of 
affairs in the counties of this State lying west of New Albany on the- 
Ohio River. 

The counties of Kentucky, opposite the District referred to, are> 
and for months have been, as completely in the possession of the 
rebel forces as any part of the revolted States. Parties of guerril 
las, generally small, but sometimes numbering several hundred each,, 
not only rob and plunder indiscriminately in Kentucky, but some 
times extend their operations to the north side of the Ohio River. 
They have repeatedly fired upon steamboats, passing up and down 
the river, seriously hindering the navigation of the stream. They 
have on several occasions fired across the river at our citizens, thus 
preventing them from pursuing their usual avocations upon their own 
premises. They effectually prevent our loyal citizens from visiting 
Kentucky, either upon business or pleasure. They have several 



102 INDIANA LEGION. 



crossed the river and robbed, and otherwise injured our citi 
zens. They have constantly threatened, and do now threaten, to 
invade this State. Heavily reinforced, during the past two months, 
by citizens of Kentucky escaping from the operations of the Fed 
eral draft, and by volunteers, they now constitute a very formidable 
force, and their presence upon the border of the State is significant 
of aggressive movements. Bad as this condition of affairs is, our peo 
ple are apprehensive of still greater calamities. The near approach 
of winter admonishes us that by the freezing of the river which is 
not improbable, as that has often occurred before we will lose our 
greatest protection from the operations of these desperadoes, and 
that it is now important to resort to more effective measures for self 
defence. 

Already some of our people living near the river, are making pre 
parations to remove their property into the interior of the State, and 
the officers of the Legion are asking that a sufficient force be put 
upon active duty in each county, to save the artillery from capture 
by surprise. 

I have already advised you, that in my judgment, all our artillery 
in the river counties, might easily be captured and carried off by 
guerrillas before the members of the Legion could be assembled and 
brought to its support ; and I have to repeat now, that unless some 
kind .of support is afforded it, it should be removed to the interior 
counties of the State. 

Having had some experience with the companies of the Legion on 
active duty along the river on the Indiana side, I am entirely con 
vinced that that policy will not give the protection which is desired. 
As, in a country like Southern Indiana, it requires from twelve to 
twenty-four hours to assemble the Legion of a single county, a mere 
picket of observation would be of but little consequence, for if the 
river should be frozen over, or the means of crossing the river good, 
the enemy would arrive at headquarters with the picket, and accom 
plish his purpose and escape before a force could b6 collected to 
resist. Our artillery might be carried off in this way, and indeed all 
the members of the Legion might be surprised and disarmed while 
off duty and at their respective" homes. I repeat that a picket of 
observation would do but little good, and a defensive picket along that 
portion of our border, which is threatened, is not to be thought of. 

From the mouth of Salt River (Ky.,) where the trouble begins, to 
the mouth of the Wabash where it ends that is so far as Indiana is 
concerned the distance, by the river is something over three hun- 



INDIANA LEGION. 103 

dred miles, and an entire army corps would not give us a line of that 
length capable of resisting the enemy if he should concentrate his 
forces and attack a section of the line. Nor will the stationing of 
troops in the towns on the Kentucky side, secure us from the opera 
tions of the enemy. Nothing but cavalry, put on the south side of 
the river, will answer the purpose. What we want is one or two 
regiments of cavalry, put upon the Kentucky side and kept there, 
with orders to scout the whole country along our border, and to run 
the guerrillas out and keep them out. If the United States Gov 
ernment can t furnish the troops, the State can. I am satisfied that 
two regiments of cavalry might be raised under the Legion Laws, in 
the border counties of this State, with the understanding that they 
should be called into the United States service, say for six months, 
and kept on the other side of the river. Such a plan would have 
these advantages : 

1st. Having their homes in Southern Indiana, the men would 
have a peculiar interest in doing their work well. 

2d. The fears of retaliation would prevent them from wanton 
depredations on property, etc., an influence that would not operate 
upon troops whose property is beyond the reach of such measures. 

3d. Being a part of the Legion organization, and our own neigh 
bors, there would be a sympathy between them and us, which would 
secure a more hearty co-operation in the event of extensive move 
ments by the enemy. 

4th. When discharged from the government service, it would give 
to our Home Gua^d organization one or two regiments of disciplined 
men, to be used with an untried militia, in future troubles, should 
any occur. Other advantages might be cited, but are deemed unnec 
essary. There is in Southern Indiana, at this time, a large number 
of discharged officers and soldiers, many of them from the cavalry 
and mounted infantry service, that would readily engage in this ser 
vice, and furnish the best of materials for officers and non-commis 
sioned officers, thus giving us an efficient organization from the begin 
ning. 

Your attention is earnestly called to this proposition, in the confi 
dent belief that measures will at once be taken to secure this part of 
the State from a fate that it has never deserved. 

Permit me, in conclusion, to call your attention to the fact, referred 
to in the communication of Col. Fournier, of the 5th Reg t Indiana 
Legion, dated Dec. 28, 1864, and forwarded from these headquarters, 
that while this state of facts exists, to the knowledge and terror of 





104 INDIANA LEGION. 

all our loyal people in the border counties, the disloyal papers and 
citizens in our midst are constantly attempting to throw our military 
authorities off their guard by asserting that the guerrillas have left 
Kentucky. The warm sympathy and perfect concert of action known 
to exist between the guerrillas of Kentucky and disloyal Indianians, 
fully explain this conduct and disarm it of its dangerous influences. 
Very Respectfully, 

Your Ob t Serv t, 

HENRY JORDAN, 

Brig. Gen. Oowfdg* 



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