(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Lehrbuch der englischen Sprache"

:sÄÜ: ;?iü 




il«i 




:i\U^J^'i^>V;l^).^ 



ge: 



Adler 

no 

■ The 
embod 
a Gere 
for the 
not for 
its tre; 
everv ( 
clagsifi 
tionaiT 
The 
Germai 
froni 6v 
marke. 




l.ai 
the 
and 
Spe 
ro t 

Ahn's 
Bryan* 

Uy ] 

Eiciiiio 
Heydei 
CElilscL 

a \h 
"m •■ 

Master 
iiiar 
Prot 



Ipreßenteö to 

^be Xibrar? 

ottbc 

Tflnivereltp of Toronto 



N/a^gV 



S e ^ f ü u ä) 



b er 



(^nöHfdjett ^pta^t. 



Sott 



^ermann 2). Söragc, a. m., 

ße^rcr ber beutfd)cn ©prac^e an ben öffentlichen <Bä)uUn in 9?en) §)orf. 







©cttag bon 2). 5l^^Icton & ßumiiait^, 

549 & 551 ^roabwa^, 
1872. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1871, by 

D. APPLETON & CO., 
In the Office of thc Librarian of Congress, at Vrashington. 




Si^ tMH D 1 1 ♦ 



etvagt, tric ti crfd^cinen bürfte, tie ^tut^ öon 2et)rbü($ertt 
fremter (Sprachen noc^ um ein neueß ju öcrmef)ren, fo 
!ann eö mir to(^ ni(^t einfatlett, mid) tcciuegen etit^ 
((gültigen 3U njotlen, oter um tie 3fJad}[tc^t terer ju 
Btttett; Me fi(^ Bewogen fintcn möd^ten, mein S3u6 Beim 
Unterricht in ber englifc^en ©prad^e otcr jum 8eI6ft|lutium ju 
geBrauc^en. 3jl baö 23u(^ jwecfrientic^, fcann ji?irb e^ |i(^ fc^on 
felBft 33a()n Bremen; ift e5 taö aBcr ni(^t, fo werben alle Gntfd}ulti^ 
gungen wnb 33itten um ^'Zai^fid^t ii)m bod) feine ScBenöfäBigtcit öer- 
leiten fönnen» 

2ßir leBen in einer ^dt, m ber internationale 25erM)r mit jebem 
Za^t größere Dimcnjtonen annimmt. !Eie barau5 naturgemäß :^^er^ 
»orge^enbe Sf^ot^ttjentigfeit, |i(^ frcmbe <Bpxaä^tn anzueignen, tritt an 
einen ^t'tm unb namentlich an baö :^eranwa(^fenbe ©efd}Ie(^t immer 
geBieterifc^er ^eran. CEö ift ^eutjutage nid^t me^r genug einige 
^^rafen aui einer fremden ©pra^e auöwenbig gelernt gu :^aBen,unb 
sur 5^ot:^ mit gelegentlid^er Jpülfe eineö SörterBuc^eö ein in frembcr 
®prad)e gef^rieBeneö Su(^ öerfte^en gu lönnen; nein, cöifl ^eut^u^ 
tage für ben 2lrBeiter, ben (Eommi^, ben ipanbwerfer fowoH wie für 
ben ®ele|rten öon ber größten 2öi(^tigfeit, um ni*t in fagen burcB^ 
an^ unerläßlich, fici^ öoüflanbig in ben SSefi^ wenigflenö einer 
fremben ©pra^e gu fe^en. Ü^ie 9}Zet^obe, nac^ ber biefeö 3iel in 
ber fürjeflen B^it erreid^t wirb, tjl bie Bejlc unb ric^tigjle. 
!3:ie üflatur ifl, wie üBeratI, fo auc^ ^ier, bie Bej^e p^rerin. ^U 



iv 35 ü r w r t ♦ 

lein, jremi I)eut5Utage fafl fein 2e^r6u(^ einer fremten (Sprad^e cr^ 
fd}eint, ta5 nic^t tem ©runtfa^e ^ulfigte: „^Jlan lerne eine fremtc 
(^prai^e, mie man feine ^/Jutterfprac^e gelernt f^at," fo ift tamit noÄ 
lange ni^t gefaxt, taf, fo richtig aud) tiefer ©runtfa^ an unb für 
ftt^ ift, terfelbe nun au(^ gehörig öerflanben unb kfolgt »irb. 

5lud) ic^ ktenne miÄ ju tiefem ©runtfa^e unt fortere, taj] er 
beim Sprai^untcrri^te in atlcn feinen (Einzelheiten ftreng turd^ge^ 
filtert njcrte» 

3ft tiefer ©runtfa^ akr richtig, fo folgt barauö, ta§ e5 grünt;; 
fvtlfc^ ift, trenn man glcid) kirn Einfang te3 (Sprad)unterrid)t5 gram^ 
matifalifd^en Unterrid^t mit tem 3prac^unterrid)t öerHnten miü. 
'^tnn ti to^, irie allgemein ^iigeftanten teerten mu§, tie 2iufgal*e 
ber ©rammati! ift, tcn (Bd^üler tij^tig fprei^en unt fd^reiben ju Uy 
ren, fo folgt tod) tarau5 tt>o()I ijon felbfl, baf ter (Schüler ü(^ er:? 
() aup t ter 2aut)prad;e, »ie ter ©d^riftfprad^e H3 gu einem gen^ijfen 
©rate mad)tig fein mug, e^e il)m ter Unterrid^t in ter GJrammatif 
t^on ^n^tn fein lann. 

2öie Hxit^xt muffen nacB tiefem ©runtfa^e temnad) alle Zdv^ 
Bü^er fremter Sprad^en erfc^einen, tie me^r aU tie .^alfte i^re§ 
Sflaumec mit grammotifalifc^en Siegeln anfüllen, tie tann in tinitU 
nen mek oter minter gelungenen 33eifpielen erläutert n?erben. (So 
unjivcifell^aften Sßertl), öom grammati!alif(^en (itantpunft Betrad^tet, 
einzelne tiefer S3üc^er au6> kfigen mögen, fo ift il^r 2Dertl\ n?a5 tie 
(Sprache felbft Betrifft, tod) nur i?on fck untergeordneter 9latur. 

^aä> meiner SlnficBt follte aller Unterricht fremter «Sprad^en nur 
müntlid^cr Unterrid)t fein; mit antem ©orten, ein (Sprad}leBrer 
follte nur ijerwentet werten, um Unterricht in ter SautfpraAe ju ge? 
Ben. 2^ie ©rünbe für biefe meine Slnfic^t ftnb folgenbe : Söcnn toiv 
tie groge ^Inja^l ter Unterric^t^gegenflante enrägen, in tenen unferc 
hinter in ten heutigen ©c^ulen unterrichtet merten, fo liegt tie ©e? 
fa'^r nal)e, ba^ fte 'oon 2ltlem ein Jiu n i g lernen, 'oon feinem ®e^ 



5) r w r t . " v 

gcnftante akv eine g r ü n t H c§ e ^enntnif txljaittn, furj, baf fie 
SSielttjiffer njerben, ober mie ber Sateiner fidj auöbrücft, multa temctt, 
abtv ni(^t multum. Xie forgfältigfte ©parfamfeit mit bcr 3sit ift 
ba^cr eine ber n^id^tigftcn ^[(id^ten beö 2el)rcr5» 

ta c5 nun aber Ieid)t nadcjeiuiefcn »erben !ann, n^ie bcr (^(^ülcr 
jic^ o^ne Jpülfe eineö 2e6rer5 ijcrmittclft geeigneter Ueberfe^ungen in 
ben 33efi^ einer fremben ^3 d) r i f t f p r a (^ e fe^en lann, fo Meibt alfö 
nur bie Sautfpra^e ü6rig, in bereu (Erlernung ein Se^rer notl)n?enbig 
tft» Xaö aber hjill id) ^ier Betont toiiJen, bag ^ur Erlernung bcr 
Sautfpra(^e ein Se^rer unentBe^rli^ ift, unb baj alle noc^ [o 
[Innreii^en 33erfu(^e, burd) B^ic^cn eine frembe ßautfprac^e ju le^^ 
reu, ^ank beutlii^ ^u machen, bie bem (Sd}ü(cr ganjli^ uuBelannt 
pnb, nic^t nur l^ö(^ft aBfurb fmb, fonbern au(^ i?on üHen i^olgen 
Begleitet fein muffen» So gibt cBcn nur jmeicriei : eine rid}tige unb 
eine falfc^e ^(uöfprac^c; ba5 ^oä>]tt aBer, toai burd) jene 3)erfu^e, 
eine frembe Sautfpra^e bur(^ (2(^rift3ei(^en gu lehren, erreicht toerben 
fann, ift, baf be3 (2cBü(er5 %nv\pxaä>t eine anna^ernb richtige 
wirb» Slnna^ernt) ricBtig ijt aBer nid)t richtig, fonbern, man ma^ 
fic^ bre'^en, n?ie man toill, falf($, SicBer öerji^te ber (Ec^üler gang 
unb gar auf taö Erlernen ber ßautfprac^e, flehen i^m feine anberen 
ipülfömittcl gu ©cBote aU 33ü(^er, un\} fu^e fid) eine grünbli^e 
^enntni^ ber ©(^riftfprai^e anzueignen; er tuirb pnbcn, ba^, ^at er 
|i^ biefe nur xt&it griinblii^ angeeignet, eö nur fe^r furjer 3eit Bebarf 
vim, foBalD ev in ben 3Scrfe^r ber bie ^prac^e fpred^enben (EingcBornen 
tritt, au^ ber Cautfpradje .^err gu njerben» I^er 2e§rcr Bcf(^ran!e 
ba'^er feinen Unterri($t fo öiel aU mijglid) auf bie 2autfprad)e» £ie 
SfJ^et^obe, bie er ^ierBei einjufc^Iagen ^at, ift in bem oBenangefü^rten 
©runbfa^e : „^an lerne eine frembe ©prac^e, tt>ic man feine 
iOlutterfprac^e gelernt ()at/' entl)altcn. 

©ein erfleö Slugenmer! mu^ alfo barauf gerichtet fein, feinen 
©c^ütern UnterricBt im §cren gu geBen; benn burc^ .^ören 



vi 53orwort» 

lernen l^ir 8 p r e d) c n, fangen tie (Schüler crft einmal an ta3 
3tt ilmcn ©efproc^ene ^u ijcrfte'^en, fo lann ter Unterricht im (Spre? 
drax beginnen, ctcr tnelme^^r ba0 Sprechen !ommt iann öon feI6ft. 

Sc mu5 ai]o aU Qani falfi^ k^eidmet iijerten, menn itx 2eker, 
mic tac nur ju cft gefd>iel}t, gleid) in ter erften (Btunrc unl im %n^ 
fange teö Unterri^teS ten (Hd)ü(er ^um ©pre^en um lauten 3?or' 
lefen an{)ält, intern er i^m ®a|e i^orfpric^t oter ijorliect, unb i?on i&m 
verlangt, er foUe fie nad^fpred^en» Gin fotd^'e« 3?erfa^ren mag 
man moI)I ein ^ b ridjten, a6er gemi^ nid)t ein Unter richten 
nennen» 

Xac Dkngefagte fd^cint tie Senu^ung tincv 2cM'ud)e5 Beim 
(Bprad^unterrid^t gdnjlid) iibcrflüfftg gu maö>m. Xoc^ taö fc^nnt 
nur ]o, Xtx müntUd^e Unterri^t fann nur Hnn üon praftifc^em 
®ertt) fein, trenn ler 2et)rer |i^ an ^a5 gcfc^rie^ene S3ort l)ä(t; mit 
antern Söortcn, e5 !ann nid^t i:ie( nü^en, n?enn ter Se^rer feinen 
«Schülern 3a^e ijorfprid)t unt überfe^t, mie fie i^m ter 3(ugen6Iic! 
eingibt, n?eil Co ja unmöglich ift tiefe ©a^e, tie to^ öftere n>ieter^oIt 
luerten muffen, fo im (yetäd^tniß gu Behalten, tag er fte in terfelben 
Söortfolge tuietergeben fann, Daö lantt Sorlefen auö 
tem Se^rfcu(^c mu^ ta^er an tie (Stelle tcö 
(2pred)enö treten, .^ier ^at ter Se^rer ten 33u($ftaben üor 
fic&; er fann, fo oft n?ie er ivili, oter tüie e« i5m nötMg fd)eint, ten 
(Safe, tie ßrjdHung- ijon öorn anfangen, o^ne in ®efa^r gu fom^ 
mcn bei ter Söieter^olung ein SÖort aucjuIajiTen oter anterß ju fe^en, 
mt er e3 ta5 erfte -D^al getban. Tie (Erfaf^rung lebrt mid\ taji 
bei fleißigen, aufmerffamcn (Bd)ülem ein trei^ bic i^iermaligcc iBor:; 
lefen genügte, um fie ta3 bctreffente (BtM grüntli^ t^crftcbcn ju 
mad^en- 2^ac ,,2ebrbu6" bat aber nod> ten ferneren 5flu^en, tag 
ter (2d}ii[cr, ipcnn er i^ermittelfl te5 tem (Stücfe yorauv^gcbenten 
ffi^orteroer^eid^niffciJ, oter ter tem Sefeftüd angehängten Sujjuctcn, 
tie bctreffente Seftion ju ^aufe jlutirt ^at, unt girar \o, tajj er fie 



33 r w r t , vii 

5jerftel)t, mnn er fie fic^t, taburd) tveit kfjTer t^orbcreitct \\t 
unb weit trenigcr 3eit gebraust fie öerflc^en ju lernen, n^enn er fie 
laut öorlefen ^ ö r t , aU mnn er jene 2lr6eit unterlagen ^ätte» 

SJZcin 35erfvi()ren für ben Einfang ift einfai^ fotgenbeö : 3^) lefe 
ben (Sdjülern tie ktreffence 2e!tion (5a^ für Bai^ laut i?or unb ü6er^ 
fe^c im 3Beitcr9cl)en jeben <Ba^, ttjobei i(^ i^nen fell^fberftanblid) bic 
not^igen (£a^er!lärungen geBe. "Lann ijerlange iö^ öon iljnen, ba§ 
fie bie htreffcnbe Seftion ju ipaufe burc^neBmen, fo ba§, trenn bic 
Unter ric^töflunbe lommt, fie biefelBe »erfteljen, ttjenn fte fic im 33u(^c 
ijor fi(^ fe^en. Söenn (ie fo öorkreitet in bic (S^ulc fommen, bann 
laffc i(^ fic i^re 53ü(^er jumadjen. 3(^ M^ i^«fi^ bann bie 2e!ticn 
©a^ für (2a^ laut öor unb lajfc fte biefelk <Ba^ für 8a^ überfe^en, 
woki fie anfangs meiner ipülfc kbürfen, 8inb fic red)t aufmerffam, 
fo ift ein ^mi^ Ms breimaliges 55orlefen genug. 33cim brittcn ober 
ijierten SJ^alc beö 33orlefen3 laffe id? fie nidt me^r ü6erfe^en, fonbern 
gebe i^nen am ßnbe jebeö (Ba^eö 3cit, tnid} naä> ber 33ebeutung biefc5 
ober jenea Söorteö ^u fragen, toelc^es fte nic^t öcrftanben 1:)akn, tioüx^ 
auf i(^ ben ©a^ noi^mal lefe. ©obann, n?enn bieö gefi^e^en, lefe 
ii^ i^nen baö ©tüd sunt (Sd?lu§ no(^ einmal unb ^wav rafcfcer unb 
o^nc Unterbrechung »or unb i^ ^aBc gefunben, baf auf biefe Söeifc 
alle ©^üler, mit wenig 5luSna^men, in baö Serftänbntß beö (BtMi 
einbringen. 05 lann mir bei bem bef^ränften 3laum eines SormorteS 
ni^t einfallen njeiter auf biefen ©egenftanb einjugeljen. (Es bleibt 
immer ber S^biöibnalität bcs 2e^rerS uberlaffen, wie er unterri(^ten 
toill, aber ic^ glaube fagen gu bürfen, ba§ i^ bem Se^rer, ber nic^t 
felber noc^ (Sd)üler ber (Sprache fein mn% bic er unterrichten n?i(l, 
ein gutes, pra!tifd)es 5}Zaterial geliefert 1:)dbt, baS er beffer »ermer? 
t^cn lann, als basjenige, toelcfces er in ben meiften anbem Suchern 
finbet. 

!l:as 33u(^ i|^ in snjeiunbbrcigig Seitionen eingetl)eilt, njel^c bic 
§au|}tfc^n?ierig!eiten ber englifi^en (Sprache in logif^er Speisenfolge 



viii SS r tv r t ♦ 

Bemänteln. 3^^ ^o.h mi(^ ferner Bemüf)t tem 33u(^e einen jlreng 
^rcgreiTwen S§ara!ter ju Qthtn ur(ii I)offe, iag e5 mir gelungen* 
Xie Sefeftüde, @ef^i(^ten, 2tne!5oten, ©efprat^e, :c., fmb eknfalliJ 
mit großer (Sorgfalt au^gema^It morben unb Hcten, fowo^I ii)rem 
3n6att aU i^rer i^orm na($, ijiet Se^rreic^eö unb 3tttere]Jante5» 

Xit in ten „UeBungö^3(ufgaBen" ijorlommenten IRet entarten, tie 
mit 3U ten.<pauptf(^wierig!eiten ter englif^en (Hprai^e gehören, finb 
faft c^ne 5lu^jnal)me ten ter £ettion angelangten Sefeftiicfen ent^^ 
nommcn» 

'Lk i5upnoten finb mit kfonberem %Ui^t aue^gearteitet unb n?irb 
eö bem SSerfajJer öon öerftünbigen 2c§rem f(^n?erli^ jum SSortrurf 
gemac&t werben lonnen, ta^ er bie Sebeutung einc^ unb beffelkn 
SBorteö bfterö ti?iebergegekn, ta boc^ bie ^orbcrung, ber ©c^iiler 
muffe bie 33ebeutung eineä einmal ijorlommenben ©orte«, t»enn e3 
3um sweiten SJ^ale öorlommt, im ©ebai^tnip Uralten lönnen, ^jaba^ 
gogifc^ ganj ^erfe^rt fein tuürbc, 

(Ein „8c^lü|fer' au bem Sudje, ber in nad^fter 3cit erf^einen mirb, 
bürfte namentlich benen ertviinf^t fein, bie baö Se^r^ud) gum (Btibp 
ftubium tenu|en n?oüen. 

^er SScrfaffcr. 

S^e»-§)orf» im ^oöonkr 1871, 



3n^aaö=5ßcrsci(t)nif? 



!2eftion I .—2)aö Hauptwort in tcr (Sin^al;!; ter 
kftimmte unb unbeftimmte %xtiki 

2 e f e jl ü (f 1. — Sarah and lier Kittens 

)C e f e fl ü (f 2, — Sarah and her Kittens (8(^Iup) . 

Scftton II.— (35efd)led;t te^ $auptn?ortcö. 33er 
fonltd^eö gümort 

ß e f e f! ü cE 1. — James and his Dog Dash , 

ß e f e |1 ü cf 2»— James and his Bog Dash (©^lup) 

Sef tio n III .— @efc()led)t teö |)auptnjorte^» gür 
wbrter (gortfe^ung) 

ßefef^ücf 1.— The Old Slate 
Sefeflücf 2.— The Old Slate (od)Iu^) 

S e f 1 1 n IV . — 2)ie ^ülf^jeittüörtcr to liave uub to 
be (©egentDärttge 3ciO .... 

Sefejlüc! 1.— The Central Park . 
ßefcfiücf 2.— Night and Day 

?eftton V. — Da^ Hauptwort in fccr SJ^e^r^al^I 
Unrcöelmäftge Tlt^v^a^ .... 

£ e f e fl ü tf 1.— The Little Chimney-Sweep 

S e f e [i ü tf 2. — The Little Chimney-Sweep (Sc^Iup) 

S e f 1 1 n YI . — Unbeflimmte gürwbrter. 3^eben$artcn 

ii e f e fi ü d 1. — Little Dick and the Giant . 

£ e f e ü ü tf 2.— Little Dick and the Giant (8d^tu§) 

Scftton VII.— !Da^ (Stgenfc^aftömort (STtjectb) 
mtxihVLt fx'MM 

ß e f c jl ü cf 1. — Jack Frost and the South-wind . 

ß e f e fl ü (f 2.— Jack Frost and the South wind (©(^tu§) 

Sefttott VIII.— mben^arten . 

ßefcflücf 1.— The Wishes' Shop . 

ß c f c fl ü cf 2.— The Wishes' Shop (f^ortfe^ung) . 

Scfeflü« 3.— The Wishes' Shop (8c^lup) 



Seite 
44 
47 
40 
52 



^ e f t i n IX .~Daö regelmäßige Bettwort ©egen 
jrart 33ergangen^cit. Sfleteneartcn . 

S e f c fl ü cf 1. — The Cadi's Decisions 

S e f e ft ü cf 3. — The Cadi's Decisions (^^ortfc^ung) . 

2 c f e ft ü cf 3. — The Cadi's Decisions (3d)lu^) 

§ e f t i D n X . — §auptn)erL ® efd)(ed)t» 5(bleitung 
tc0 a'eibUd)en @efcl)lecl)t$ i^om männlichen . 

ß e I e ft ü tf 1.— The Story of Can and Coiüd . 

£ e f c ft ü d 2.— The Story of Can and Could (Sdyruil) 

^eftion XI. — gürwörtcr. üDemonftratii^e, Dlelo^ 
tii^e. S^eten^arten 

S e f c ft ü cf 1.— The Crows and the Wind-mlll 
£ e f e tl ü cf 2.— The Ant and the Cricket . 

S-eftion XII. — grage== unb ^crneinungefa^e 
Xa^ |)ülföjeitoort to do. Steben^arten 

£ e f c ft ü cf 1.— The Hard Task .... 
£ e fe ]i)xd 2.— The Physiclan and the Student , 

gefticn XIII. — ^bjcftiöifc^e gümörter. dlc^ 
bcnt^arten 80 

Scfeftütf 1.— The Grateful Indian . . . .83 

Scfeflücf 2.— Knowledge is Power. ... 85 

Seftion XIY.—Xaö regelmäßige 3eiüt)crL S5ergan^ 
gene ^üL ©ebrauc^ teo 3mperfeftvv Diefcenöarten sr 

S e f e ft ü cf 1.— Death and Burial of Little Neil . . 00 

S e f e )1 ü cf 2. —Death and Burial of Little Xell (ocilup) 03 

S e f t i n X Y. — 5(ri>crlnen — tcr 3ci^— beC> Crre^v 
3^cbenearten o: 

Sefeftücf 1.— The Touthful Witness . . .101 

- Sefeilücf 2.— The Young Shepherd . . .104 

Sefellücf 3.— The Young Shepherd (Sc^tuF) • • 107 

?- c f 1 1 c n X y I .— 3aMn>örter— CEarbinal— iDrbinal. 
iReten^arten .... . . . iio 

ßefcilücf 1.— How Time is Measured . . .112 

S c f c ft ü cf 2.— The Sayings of Poor Richard . .114 

Sefeflücf 3.— The Story of the Fairy's Ten Little 

Workmen ....... 116 



3n^aIt0^SSeqei(^niß. xi 

^cUicn XVII. — 2:;a^ recjelmapiöc 3citwort. eeitc 
3ufünftige ^dt S^lebenöarten . . . .120 

ß € f e [l ü d 1.— The Use of the Beautifiü . . .124 

ß e f e f! ü (f 2.— The Use of the Beautiful (^djln^) . . 127 

Orabet unb ter Söeife. 3lebenöarten . 

fi c f e fl ü (f 1. — The Venturesome Boy 

S c f e jlü cf 2. — The Venturesome Boy ((Sd>(u§) . 

? e f 1 1 n XIX.— Xa^ (?tgenfd)aft^tüort (5(bjcftb). 
Steigerung ((Somparation), S^leben^arten . 

£ e f e ll ü tf 1 .—The Valley of Tears . 

ß e f e fl ü cf 2.— The Valley of Tears (Sd)Iu^) 

?e!tton XX.— gragenbe gümörter unb ^bycr= 
bien» S^leben^arten 

S e f c fl ü d 1. — A Wonderful Instrument . 

£- c fe jl ü (f 2.— A Silent Partner 

S c f c |l ü df 3. — How to tJse the Almanac . 

?eftton XXI.— Xer^^offefp (Ia)u^5. ^Icben^artcn 

Sefeflücf 1.— Out ofthe Way .... 
£ e f e jl ü cf 2 .—Out of the Way (i^ortfe^ung) 
ß e f c |1 ü cf 3.— Out of the Way (3d)Iup) . 

^eftion XXII. — Daö ^TböerK ^Ubung bei3 
5lböcrb0 öom ^bjeftb» (Steigerung beö §(böerbö. 
S^eben^arten 

ß e f c il ü (f 1.— The Lost Camel 
ß e f e fl ü (f 2. — Who is a Gentleman 

Seftton XXIII. — 5)räpofitionem donjunftio^ 
nen» 3^eben^arten 

ßefejlüd 1. — Prince Henry 

ß e f c |1 ü tf 2.— Duke of Alba's Breakfast . 

^Bcftton XXIV. — korrelative gürwcrter. ^c= 
benöarten 

ßefcflücf 1.— The Little Man in Black . 

e e f e jl ü c! 2.— The Little Man in Black (Schlug) . 



^tftion X X Y .— Unreöelmäpige Qüirooxitx. (Son^ eeue 
junftionem ületenearten 200 

S e f e P ü tf 1.— A Child's Dream of a Star . 
S e f e jl ü cf 2.— The Forgiven Debt . 

^eftton XXYI.— Unregelmäßige 3eitn)örter. 
5)räpofttionen, 9leben$arten 

£efeflücE 1. — An Indian Stratagem 
ß c f e P ü d 2.— After Marriage 

?c!tton XXYII. — Unreöclmäjjißc 3eittt)i3rtcr 
(Eonjunftionen, 3^etenöarten 

Sefeflüc! 1. — A Storm at Sea 

2 e f e jl ü tf 2.— A Storm at Sea (Sd)Iup) 

!^eftton XXYI II. —Unregelmäßige 3etttt?i3rter 
$räpo(ttionen. (Eonjunftionen, Steten^arten 

S e f e f! ü cE 1. — The United States of America 
2 e [ e [i ü cE 2, — New York in tlie Dutdi Times 

Seftion XXIX.— Sftefleme 3eitn?i3rter. S3er== 
gleid)enbe 2B5rter unt» (5ä^e. 9letenöarten . . 249 

ß c f e [i ü cE 1 . — A Good Investment .... 253 
£ e f c fl ü tf 2. — A Good Investment (Sd}Iup) . . 255 

^tition XXX .— Xaö 9)afrt^um, 3^ebenearten . 258 

ßefeilücf 1.— The Pine-Tree Shilling . . .263 

Se fe flu cf 2.— The Pine-Tree Shilling (©^lup) . . 265 

!^e!tton XXXI.— Die $ülföjeittt?i3rter teö ^o^ 
fcuö. Sfleben^ arten 268 

ß e f e fl ü (f 1.— National Monument to Washington . 273 
ßefeflücf 2.— Liberty and Union . . . .275 

!^e!tton XXXII.— Xie prcgrerftöc gorm» dit^ 
ten^arten 278 

ß e f e fl ü cf 1.— Supposed Speech of Regulas to the Car- 

thagenians ....... 283 

ßefcftüd 2.— The English Language . . .286 



206 
210 



214 
219 
223 



227 
233 

235 



238 
243 
246 



£efitioii I. 

^a^ ^anpttt>Qtt in bct (^in^dbl; bet hcftimxntc 
nnb nnbcüimmtc 5lttifcL 



29ßödcr5S3cr3eic^niß (Yocabulary). 



boy, ^ttak» 
girl, 5)tatc^en. 
rose, 5lofe» 
flower, Slume, 
bee, 33iene» 
insect, S^f^^t» 
table, 5:i[d)* 
round, nmb, 
knife, 5}tej[er» 
Sharp, fd)arf» 
friend, ^reunb» 
true, treu» 
ink, Xinte» 
black, fd^irarj» 
chair, (Stui}(» 
high, :^od\ 
stool, ©demeL 
low, nietrig* 
door, Zi}uv. 
shut, gu. 

man, ä'Zatttt, 3)^enf^. 
stout, teleibt, 
woman, grau, SSei6» 
slender, fc^lanl. 
brother, 33ruter» 
sister, ©dtvefter» 



good, artig» 
house, ^au5» 
cid, alt» 
eagle, Ulkx^ 
bird, 3>ogct» 
pan, Pfanne* 
hot, kif» 
pen, gcter» 
Sharp, fpt^» 
water, SBaffcr» 
cold, falt» 
bed, 55ett» 
soft, njeid» 
garden, ©arten» 
large, grop» 
handsome, ]ä>'ön* 
dwarf, 3i^erg» 
ugly, ^ä^a^» 
dog, ipunb» 
watchful, tracbfam« 
beggar, Settier» 
poor, arm» 
king, Äcnig» 
rieh, rei^» 
street, (Strafe. 
Wide, keit» 



Se^rbud^ t»cr encjlif^en '8prac[)c, 



UcBungSs^lufgaBc 1. 

Charles is a boj. Louisa is a girl. The rose is a 
flower. The bee is an insect. The table is round. 
The knife is sharp. A friend is true. The ink is 
black. The chair is high. The stool is low." The 
door is shut. The man is stout. The woman is slen- 
der. The brother and sister are good. The house is 
old. An eagle is a bird. The pan is bot. The pen is 
sharp. The water is cold. The bed is soft. The 
garden is large. The woman is handsome. The 
dwarf is nglj. The dog is watchful. The beggar is 
poor. The king is rieh. The street is wide. 



2BädcrsS5cr3cif()n{f;. 



®aki, fork. 
Hanf, bright. 
Sopf, pot. 
mm, milk, 
füp, sweet. 
(gtecfnatcl, pin. 
fpi^i, sharp. 
Gipfel, apple. 
faucr, sour. 
%zUv, feather. 
mid), soft. 
^ird)c, church. 
<B6>.uk, school. 
geräumig, roomy. 
S}tü^c, cap. 
l}ixl'id\ pretty. 
kkil, dress. 
gerriffcn, torn. 
fragen, collar. 
fc^miiMg, dhty. 
^opf, head. 
runr, round. 
^tml, Shirt. 
tt)ei§, white. 
5Ierme[, sleeTe. 



lurg, short. 
3:rinfgla^, tumbler. 
leer, empty. 
^rug, pitcher. 
iJDÜ, füll, 
^ncpf, button. 
i^erlorcn, lost. 
3tuge, eye. 
Hau,_blue. 
(2d}iff, ship. 
ga^rgeug, vessel. 
5kl, eel. 
(Scblangc, snake. 
dXcptii, reptile. 
(2d)ncircr, tailor. 
^antircrfcr, mechanic. 
genfter, window. 
cjfen, open. 
Sinimer, room. 
fdjmal, narrow. 
9^agcl, nail. 
roftig, rusty. 
(2d>nee, snow. 
^immel, sky. 
rotl), red. 



ÜDa^ Hauptwort. 3 

2)ic (3aM ift Hanf, Xcv ^cpf ift f^tüar^, Xic Si^ild) 
ift fü^, i:tc ^tecfnabel ift fp{|. I)er 5lpfel ift fauer, (?tne 
gefcer ift irei^, !I)ie ilird)c ift neu, Xie (2d)ulejft geräu^ 
mig» Xic 2)Jü^c ift I)übfd), 2)a^ ^leio ift jern|)en» Xxx 
fragen ift fc^mu^ig» 5^er ^opf ifl runb, 2Daö §emt) ift 
ireig, 3)er kerntet ift fur^* 3)aö Xrinfgla^ ift leer. Xtx 
^rug ift »o(L !l)cr ^nopf ift verloren, Xa^ 5(uge ift blau, 
2)aö (Schiff ift ein gabr^eug, ;^er 5(al ift ein gifd), ßine 
(£d)(ange ift ein DIeptiL 3)er ^d)neiter ift ein |)ant)tt)er!er. 
Xa^ genfter ift f^nu XiVi 3intmcr ift fc^maL Xer 9lagel 
ift roftig, Xer <£d)nce ift weip, Xcx ^immü ift blau. Xk 
3^ofe ift ml). 



Scfefiüjf 1 (Reading Lesson). 
SARAH AND HER KITTEXS (Sara^ unb il}re Äät^^cn). 

1. Sarall has^ a cat wliicli^ has four^ little^ kittens. 
One^ is white,^ and tlie other three'' are gray^ and white. 

2. Sarah has put^ some^*^ milk in a dish^^ and now^- 
she sits'^ and looks at them^^ while^^ they lap it up.^^ 

3. I have^' a little kitten, too.^" Its color^"* is a dark^*' 
gray, except-^ the tip^^ of ^ its nose^^ and one paw,^ 
which are white. 

4. When you take it up"^ kindly,^' it begins^ to -pwr'^ 
and lick^ your'^ hand with^^ its rough'^ tongne.^^ 

5. If you hold it still^^ for a while,^ and gently^" 
pass your hand^^ over"^ its back/^ it will fold its paws/^ 
and itself up,^^ and go to sleep.^^ 



^« fte fie aufledcn, ^' id) fabe, ^^ ^^^^ 19 ,-^11^^ g-arbe, ^o t^unfel, ^i au^ge* 
nommen, '^ ®pi|e, 23 jj^^^ 24 g^j^j-^^ 25 ^j^p^f^ 20 j^j^j^j^ ^y ^^ aufnimmilf 
2^ freunblic^, 28 ^-^j^gj g^ ^„^ 29 ,y fpinncn, ^'^ lecfcn, ^i teine, ^"^ mit, ^^ j^j^^, 
** Bunge, ^s jjjf^„ ^y ^^ j^iij ^(^j,^^ se (.|j^j> Zeitlang, ^7 ^^^^f^^ 38 j^jt ^^^ ^^^^ 
fä^rjl, 39 über, ^o Stücfcn, ^^ jiefit eö feine g)foten ein, ^ rottt |td) auf, ^^ be- 
ginnt ju fc^Iafen. 



4: Sc^rbud^ ter englif^en (Sprad)c. 

ßcfcfiüi! 2 (üortfe^ung.) 

1. It is a sprightly^ little kitten v^hen it is awake,^ 
and will play^ with pieces^ of paper,^ or' any thing" it 
finds^ on^ the floor/^ 

2. One day^^ it got^- into^^ my^* work-basket/^ rolled^^ 
the ball of yarn^' and spooP"* of tbread^-* out^ on the 
floor,^^ and then-^ pnlled^ the needles"* and stitches^^ 
out of my work.^^ 

3. If you tie"' a string^^ to a ball of yam, and then 
roll it around"^ on the floor,^^ the kitten Tvill chase af ter 
it/^ as though^- it were^ a mouse. 

4. It is not old^^ enough^ to catch^ mice, but it "wiU 
prick np its ears,^' and look^ very fierce,^^ when it 
hears^'' a sound^^ üke^^ nibbhng^^ or scratching.^* 

5. If a dog comes'^ into the room, it "will crook up^ 
its back/'' and raise up^^ its haii-/^ as thongh it wero 
very angry/^ and getting ready^^ to fight.°^ 

^ munter, ^ tcaäj, ^ iinb ftielt, "* Slücfc, ^ QJapier, ^ cber, ' trgenb cttraö. 
ß (»a^ e^) finbct, ^anf, ^'^%u^bcitn, ^'einea Xaae^, ^^gej^gt^e^,^ i3:[i^^ ^^mtin, 
1^ Strktt^förb^en, "^ rcUte, " Änäuel &arn, ^^^ Spule, ^^ 3»irn, ^o f^inauö, 
21 'Lklt, 2i bann, ^3 ^og, ^4 gjabeln, 25 et^e, 26 git^eit, 27 ^inbe)!, 28 g^ben, 
23 uni^er, ^° i^up^oben, ^^ jagt barnacf», ^2 qJ;^ ^^^ sj ^^ »ctre, ^ alt, ^^ genug, 
2^ fangen, 2'' aber eö fpi^t feine Clyren, ^s fi^^i (^^^^ 39 j^|(b, ^0 f)ört, ^^ ®e^ 
räuf^, ^tt)ie, ^^ j^jjgen, ^■^ Äraren, ^Mommt, ^^ ma*t eö einen frumnten, 
*^ Sucfel, '^ä fträubt, -^^ ^aare, 



Cefitioii II. 



a9ßörtcrsJBcr3ci^niß. 

smells, riecht* this, tieö, 

sweet, lieHic^» mine, ter nteinigc, 

whose, treffen. I bought, tcb ^ah getauft* 

table, X\\6^. yesterday, geftem 



(15efd}lcci)t M ^awptwoxU^, 



clock, U(^v. 

strikes, fcMiigt, 

twelve, girolf* 

too fast, gu früt). 

"u-ound up, auf(3C^ogen. 

I shall seil, ic^ iverte leerlaufen. 

its, i^re» 

bands, 3^iQtx* 

broken, ^crtroi^en» 

very, fe()r* 

bad, \6>kii>:t 

scratclies, fvairt. 

give me, gctcn 3ie mir. 

soup, Suppe. 

I want to eat, ic6 irill cff:n. 

does — shine, fc^eint» 

moon, 3}ionb. 

not yet, no^y nxä>,U 

out, krau^^» 

brigbt, t)til. 

sails, fegelt, 

"wbere, tro* 

Corner, (Ecfe* 

stove, Dfen» 



stable, (Btali* 

color, SarBc» 

did you buy ? t>aft tu gekauft ? 

made me a present of, ^at 

mir gc|'($en!t, 
tliere is, ta ijl» 
door, Xbixv. 
■what does sbe want? trai? irill 

fie? 
piece of bread, (Btixd SroK 
to her, i^v. 
huiigry, ()ungrig, 
husband, SJ^ann» 
dead, tott. 
must, mu§. 
beg, betteln, 
alms, 2(Imcfcn» 
red, rct6. 
dark, tunfei. 
eye, %u^t. 
mÜTor, (ipiegef. 
soul, (Heele. 
I)ut, ftede. 
bearth, .^eerb. 



The rose is a flower. It smells sweet. T7hose table 
is this ? It is mine. I bought it yesterday. The 
clock strikes twelve. It is too fast. It is not wound 
up. I shall seil it. Its hands are broken. This pen 
is yerj bad ; it Scratches. Give me the soup, I want 
to eat it. It is too bot ; I do not like it so bot. Does 
the moon shine ? No, it (she) is not out yet. The 
sun shines brigbt. It (he) is very large. 'The ship 
sails. It (she) is new. Where is mj hammer? It is 
in the comer by the stove. Give it to me. The horse 
Is in the stable. He is very large. His color is black. 
Did you buy bim ? I did not buy bim. My uncle 
inade me a present of bim. There is a woman at 



Se^rbud) ber en3ltfd)ett (Spraye* 



the door. What cloes slie want ? She wants a piece 
of bread. Give it to her. She is hungry. Her hus- 
band is dead. She must beg alms. The ink is read. 
It is too dark. The eye is the mirror of the soul. The 
pan is hot. It is too small. Put it on the hearth. 

2öörtcr=SScr3eidjni§. 



gc()ört mir, is mine. 

noä>, still. 

fe^r, very. 

jung, young. 

D()r, ear. 

l)eif?, hot. 

ranzig, streng. 

ic^ and fte nid^t effcn, I don't 

want to eat it. 
eö ift, there is. 
^o6>, hole. 
Krempe, rim. 

jt>aö loftct? what is theprice of? 
UÜXQ, cheap. 
er foftet, it costs. 
nur, only. 
Strangig, twenty. 
i(^ will ihn md]t faufcn, I don't 

want to bay it 
mir 3U treuer, too dear for me. 



gieB mir, give me. 

(Btoä, stick. 

fRoä, coat. 

id) trill auellopfen, I want to 

beat. 
ftauMg, dusty. 
(Strafe, street. 
kcit, broad. 
md), also. 
S3irnc, i)ear. 
I)ü6[d>, i)retty. 
©cbirm, umbrella. 
m l)a\t tu gefauft ? where did 

you buy ? 
\v\\l\t tu il)n ^ahn ? do you 

want it ? 
i(^ tan!e, thank jou. 
magft tu leiDcn ? do you like ? 
tiefe .^ofe, these pantaloons. 
üwa^ l)ell, rather light. 



Xcv $uub geprt mir ; er ift no^ fel^r jung ; feine D^ren 
ftnb fpi|^. 3)te ®uppe ift gut; fte ift fel;r [;eig» Xk Butter 
ift ran.^ig; fie ift ni^t gut ; icl) mil fte mct)t effen* 3ft baö 
betn |)ut? (Sr ift mir ^u flein» Gö ift ein icd) in feiner 
tompe» $Kaö foftet ber Dfen? (Er ift fcl;r biüig; er 
foftet nur ^tijaujig Zi)aUr. 34) mil \i)n nicbt faufen ; er ift 
mir ^u t!)euei\ ©ib mir ben (Stocf; id) und meinen Dtocf 
auöflopfen ; er ift fef)r ftaubtg. Xk (Strafe ift febr breit ; 
fte ift and) lang. Söaö foftet' biefcr 5Ipfel ? ßr foftet brei 
ßent^. Unb biefe ^irne ? eie foftet fünf ßent^» 2öo Ijaft 



tu biefeit l)übfd)cn (5c()trm gefauft ? Set) habt il;n im 33rcat^ 
it?al) gcfaiift; er ift mir ^u grc^, 3öiüft tu i()n l)abcn? 
5^cin, tc^ tanfe; er ift mir aud) ^u övof\ 3}?aßft tu tiefe 
^ofc leiten ? Sie ift ettt^a^^ ^cU* 



ficfcftitj! 1 

JAMES AND HIS DOG DASH (3a!cl) unb feüt ^^unb Slinf). 

1. Mr. Morton was^ a farmer,- and he kept^ a large 
dog by the name of ^ Dash, to watch^ Ms liouse at 
night.^ 

2. Dash was also" very^ useful^ in the day-timo ;^^ 
for^^ he churned''^ the cream,^^ and went^^ with^^ James 
to drive^*^ the cows^" to the pastnre.^^ 

3. There^^ was a large pond"^ (of water) in the pas- 
ture where-^ James and Dash used" to go-^ and play^^ 
together.^' 

4. James would take"*^ a stick^ and throw"^ it into^^ 
the water as far as'^'^ he could/^ and then^- telP Dash 
to go and fetch^* it. 

5. Dash could plunge'^ into the water, seize^^ the 
stick in his mouth^' and swim^ with it^^ to the shore.^^ 

6. Sometimes^^ James would throw a stone^- into the 
water, and then bid'^ Dash go and fetch it. 

^ war, 2 «anbmann, ^ ^iclt, ^ 5?amcn^5, ° {»cwac^cn, ^ kt 9?ad^t, "^ au($, 
8fef)r, ^nüWc^, ^'^büZa.^t, " benn, '^ butterte, ^^ fRa^m, ^^ ^m, ^'^ mit, 
16 treiben, »' Äü^e. ^^ söetbe, '^ ha, 20 %tiäf, ■' wo, ^' v\ltQkn, 23 Mn^ugefeen, 
" ju fpielen, 25 pfammen, " nainn and) wohl, " Stocf, ^s j^arf, J^ in'^, ^o fo 
»eit aU, 31 fonnte, ^^ bann, ^^ Inep, ** ;|pie^^ sö fpntng, ^0 ergrirr» " mit bem 
SJtaute, 2^ fc^wamm, ^9 ^amit, -^o au'^ Ufer, ^^ mitunter, ^'' Stein, ^^ ^e^. 



ßcfcftüif 2. 

JAMES AND ms DOG DASII. (Scrtfe^unij.) 

1. Dash would again rush^ into the water and look 
around for^ the stone ; but would soon return^ without^ 
Unding^ it. 



8 ^e{)rbuc^ ter englifd)en (Sprache» 

2. But James did not deceive^ Dasli in this way"^ 
more tlian^ two or three times f for, when^^ he threw a 
stone into the water and told Dash to go and fetch it, 
the dog seemed^^ to saj :^^ " No ; you have^^ deceived 
me before ;^^ and now^^ I do not know^*^ when to believe 
yon." '' 

3. If boys wisb^^ to Lave their dogs obey tliem,^^ tliey 
must be carefaP^ not to deceive them.^^ 

4. It is wrong^ to practice deceit^ even^^ in sport f^ 
for it sometimes leads'^^ to yery sad results.^ 

5. A bad^^ boy once,^^ in sport, told^'^ a little girP^ to 
pick up^^ a piece of iron^^ in a blacksmith's^* shop.^ 

6. The girl did not know^*^ that the iron was hot,^^ 
and it burned^ her hand^^ so badly/*^ that she lost^^ the 
use^2 of it.^ 

' jüirjte Jüicbcrum, ^ fa^ fld^ um Mä), ^ aUx er fe^rtc iaib um, ^ oI>nc, ^ in 
ftnben, ^ l^interging nid)t, "^ auf folc^e SBeife, ^ me^r aU, ^ jwei^ V\i brcimal, 
" alö, " fc^ien, ^^ ^a^tn, '^ tu ^ajl, ^'^pöor, '^je|t, ^^ »et§ ic^ md)t, '"'njamt 
ic^ bir c(laubett foll, ^* trenn Änakn »oßen, ^* bap i^re . . ♦ i^nen 9e|)ord)en 
fotten, 2° fo muffen fie fic^ in STc^t nehmen, ^i fte, " unrecht, ^3 «Betrug ju üben 
(b.^. ju Betrügen), ^4 \^[^^, 25 ©pa^, se ^ig^j ^^^^ |i(^^ sTj-f^^r traurige folgen, 
28 ^öfe, 29 einmal, so f^gte, ^i spjäbc^en, ^^ fie foffe ♦ . , auftieten, ^3 ein ©tüd 
eifen, »^©robf^mieb, ^s sßerf|lätte, »^ irupte nic^t, s^^eig, »Herkannte, ^Hl)x 
bie ^anb, ^0 fo fc^limm, ^^ einbüßte, ^' ©ebraud), ^^ berfelben. 



£eritiou III. 

(gortfe^ungO 



SSörtcr^SScrjci^nifj. 

sick, Irattf, difficult, fd}n?cr, 

coat, 9lo{f, yonder, tort» 

new, neu» saw, fat), 

loves, lieBt» told us to come in, faßte wit 

teacher, Se^reritt, foUten krcinfommen, 

kind, freuntUd). is staying, milt. 



@efc^lcc[)t teö .^aupta^ortctv 9 

Card, Sllrcparte, I shall throw away, id) ircrte 

it is no fault of yours, c3 \\t mccjmcrfcrt. 

^hvt «Schult nid}t. Katy, ^ütl^d^cn. 

was lost, ijcrioren gincj. bonnet, ^:ut. 

cellar, ÄcUer» Joe, Scfepln 

kitchen, ^ücüe» Jim (James) %\M\ 

woods, ©eH^I^. orcliard, Cbftgarten» 

playmates, (Spielfameraten, lioliday, Feiertag, 

pond, 3:eid\ pencil, Sleiftift, ©rijfel. 

I warned, iö> ivarnte. Fred, ^ri^, 

careful, öorfidjtiij, do you see, fiel^ft tu. 

bad, fc|Ied;t. cliiirch, Äir(ie» 

Scratches, !rat4. Our Father, who, &c., Unfer 

Später, tcr tu Inft, jc. 

nc6ung§^5(ufgaBc 1 

I have a father and a mother. My brother and my 
sister are sick. My coat is new. This book is not 
mine, but those books are mine. My teacher loves me. 
We love our teacher ; she is very kind. Our lesson is 
not difficult. This house is ours, and that yonder is 
yours. He saw us in the garden and told us to come 
in. A friend of mine is staying at our house. Will 
you give me your card ? I teil you, it is no fault of 
yours that his dog was lost. He is in the cellar, she 
is in the kitchen. Where are the children ? They are 
in the woods ; their playmates are with them. Charles 
and Louisa and a' cousin of theirs are in a boat on the 
pond. I warned them to be careful. That pen of 
yours is verj bad ; it Scratches.. I shall throw it away. 
Katv, where is that bonnet of yours ? I gave mine to 
Clara, and she gave me hers. Joe and Jim are in the 
orchard. They have a hohday. Whose pencil is this ? 
Is it yours, Fred, or is it your brother' s ? It is not 
mine, it is his. Do you see that church yonder ? I 
see it. Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be 
thy name, thy kingdom come, thy will be done on 
earth as it is done in heaven ; give us this day our 
daüy bread, and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive 



10 !2e:()rl)ud^ ter engUf^en 8pra(!)e. 

tliose wlio trespass against us ; lead us not into temp- 
tation, but deliver us from evil, for thine is the king- 
dom and the power and the glory forever and ever. 

]^u6fcfc, pretty. toaö^t, is awake. 

gan^^'qmte. warum, why. 

genfter, window. tc^ glaube, I beUeve. 

<Bö>ixUt, pupil. hungrig, hungry. 

ijott mir, of mine. turfttg, thirsty. 

jrol)nt, Uves. tragt ler Saum ? does the tree 

größer, larger. bear? 

wo ^aft tu gcfauft ? where did yru^t, fruit. 

you buy? mandjmal, sometimes. 

®cfd}en!, present. immer, always. 

^t\tn, broom. fc^Iögc nid)t, do not strike. 
i&jiait ta5 ^inb nod) ? is the kift, bites. 

child still sleeping ? ?3^^er^alter, pen-holder. 

llcBungSs^IufgaBc 2. 

2)teö ift ein !)übr^e^ §au6 ; eö ift cjan^ neu ; feine genfter 
finb fe^r groß. 3ft eö t?a^ 3^nge ? 9letn, e^ ge()ort mei^ 
nem Brüter. 5)iefer ^nabe ift ein (S^üler »on min Gin 
greunb öon mir n)oI)nt in ^m gorf» 3ft taö ein 33etter 
von 3{)nen ? 9lein, er ift mein 91effe. 2)iefe (Stabt ift fel)r 
grof ; fte ift größer M 53erlin» SSo l^aft tu biefe U^r ge^ 
fauft ? 8ie ift ein ©efc^enf ijon einem guten greunbe i?on 
min 2)er 53efen ift neu ; er ift febr gut» (Schläft ba^3 ^inb 
no^ ? 5^ein, eö tt^ac^t f^on. SBarum weint eö ? 3c^ 
g(aube, e$ ift hungrig unb burftig» Xrägt ber ^aum grüd()^ 
te? 9}^an^mal tragt er grücbte, aber nic^t immer« (Silage 
cen §unb nic^t ; er bei§t. öieb biefen ^rief beiner WlntUx ; 
er fommt öon beiner Xante. 2öcm o^tifoxt biefer geberl)alter? 
Qx ge^brt meinem trüber» 



ßcKflüd 1. 

THE OLD SLATE (Die alte (od^tefertafet). 

1. "I haYe a great mincr to break^ tliis stupid^ old 
slate," Said Charles one morning, as he sat/ with tears^ 
in his eyes,^ almost crjing^ Qi££.his first lesson in sub- 
traction.^ 

" Why,^ what has the poor slate done ?" ^^ asked^^ 
the pleasant yoice^^ of his sister Helen behind^^ him. 

2. "Nothing. That is just^^ what I complain of.^^ 
It won't make^*^ the figures^' in this lesson for me ; and 
here it is^^ almost ^'-^ school-time !" ^ 

" What a wicked^^ slate, Charles !" 

3. " So it is.^^ I mean^ to throw^^ it ont-of Üxe win- (5*^^^ 
dow,-^ and break H^in pieces-*^ on the stones." ^ x^*jJ^ J) d. • 

" Will that get your lesson for you,-^ Charley ?" 
" No : but if there were"-^ no slates in the world,^^ I 
^vould have no such lessons to leam." 

4. " Oh ho I indeed ! ^^ But that does not foUo^^ by 

any means.^- Did slates make arithmetic ?^ Would :^M,^jd-^ 
people^^ never^ have to count^*^ and calculate,^' if there 
were^ no slates? You forget^^ j)ens,*^ lead-pencils,^^ 
and paper ; you forget all about oral arithmetic,'^ 
Charley !" 

" Well, I don't like^^ to cipher,^^ that's all ; but I do 
like to count." ^^ 

5. " And so,'^^ you hasty ^"^ boy, you get angry ^^ Tvith 
the poor, harmless*^ slate, that is so convenient^ when 
you make mistakes^^ and wish to rub them out.^^ This 
is the way -with^^ a great many^ thoughtless,^ quick- 
tempered^ people. They try^' to fijQd fault^ -^dth 
somebody^^ or something,^ and get into a passion,*^^ r ^ . 
and perhaps do mischief f^ when,^ if they would re- ^"XjoJL 
flect,*^ they would find that they themselves ought to 

bear'^ all the blame.^ Now, Charley, let me see what 
I can do for you." 

^ gro^e Cujl, ^ jerbrec^en, ^ bumni/ ^ fag, ^ Z^xäntn, ^ in ben Sfugett, ' fa]! 
n^einenW Mm Sulnra|iren, ^ ci! '° getfian, "fragte, ^=^ He frcunbUc^e <Stim^ 



12 ?el^rBu$ ber enönfd)en (Sprad^e, 

mc, '^ (unter, ^^ bad ifiX^ja gerabc, '^ inorükr id) (>öö bin, ''^ fie Witt nic^t 
niad)cn, '^^ ä^i^Icn, '^ ti x\t jet-t, ^^ bcina'^e, ^^ ßejt jur (2d;ute, ^i n^aö für eine 
böfc, 2i taö ift fie aucb, 23 i^^ ^^^^ 24 j^^erfen, ^5 genfter, 26 (^tücfe, 27 ©tcine, 
2* trirjl bu bamit bcine 2dtion frici^n ? ^s »renn ee gäbe, '^ SBelt, ^i tüixUxä^ ! 
32 bai^ folgt burd)auö md)t, ^3 tiie § ie t (n t enfimt> ^ ßeute, ^5 niemaiv, ^^ \ä^kn, 
3' bered)nen, "^ tijenn eö gäbe, 29 »ergint, ^" Gebern, ^^ SIetfebern, ^2 Äopfrec^^» 
nen, ^^ ic^ mag nid)t, '^ rei^nen, ^^ ic^ mag gern jä{)len, ^^ bes^alb, ^'' »oreitig, 
^^ wirtl bu bi)fe, ^^ unfc^ulbig, ^^ bequem, ^' %t\)kx, ^2 unb fie au^ttnf^«;» ^^ fo ' 
machen eiJ, ^fe^r»icle, " gebanfenlo^> ^^ ()i^föpfig, ^' fie bemühen ficb, ^^etteaiS 
auöjufe^cn, ^' an ßeutcn, '^'^ 2)ingen, ^^ unb geratf)en in §i^e, ^2 unb tjielleid)t 
ftiften ^e fogar Unglücf an, ^^ n)cf)ingegen, ^ ivenn fie nad)benfen würben, 
" ]it fclbfi tragen füÜten, *"^ aKcn 2:abeL 

Scfcftüif 2. 

THE OLD SLATE. (Sc^tup.) 

1. So Helen sat do^Ti in her mother's great easy- 
cliair ;^ slie tried^ to look grave^ and dignified/ like an 
old ladj, though^ she was but eighteen. Charley came 
rather unwillinglj,^ laid the slate on lier lap/ and be- 
gan to play^ with the trimmings^ on her apron.^^ 

" Whj, what is this?" said she; " soldiers," and cats, 
and dogs, and houses with "Windows of all shapes^- and 
sizes ?" '' 

2. Charley looked foolish.^* *' Oh, the lesson is on 
the other side," ^^ said he, tuming the slate over.^*^ 

" Ah, siUy boy !" said Helen ; " here you have been 
sitting^' half an honr drawing pictures,^^ instead of try- 
ing^'-* to learn yonr lesson. And now, which do you 
think onght to be broken,^*^ you or your slate ?" And 
she held the slate up high,-^ as if ^ she meant"^ to 
beat-^ his head with it.^ 

3. Charley looked up,^*^ with his hands at his ears,^^ 
but laughing'^ all the while,^^ for he knew^ she was 
only playing^^ ^^ith him. Presently,^- howeyer,^ she 
put on a serious face,^ and said, " Now, my Httle 
man,^ you must go to work^ in good eamest,^' to make 
up^forlosttime."^^ 

4 *' Oh, Helen, it wants only twenty minutes of 
nine f I shall be late^^ to school. Can't you, just this 
once,^ make the iigures for me ?" 



@cfd)(ecl)t t)e^ ^auptmxtt^. 13 

"No," s?ad Helen. 

" Oll, do ! just tliis once." 

5. " No, Cliarlej ; tliere would be no kindness in 
that.^^ You would never learn arithmetic in tliat 
way." Ii I do it once, you will find it liarder ^^ to be 
refused ^'^ to-morrow. I will do a much kinder tliing.^' 
I will just sliow jou a L'ttle, and you may do all the 
work yourself." 

6. So sbe passed ^^ her arm gently ^^ around ^^ liim ; 
and tliougli Charley pouted ^^ at first,^^ and could liard- 
ly^^ see tlirougli bis tears, sbe questioned ^^ bim about 
tbe rule/^ and tben began to sbow him the proper 
way ^' to get ^' bis lesson. 

Wben all was finisbed,^^ Charley was surprised "^ to 
find that he should still ^^ be in season ^^ for school. 

7. " Now, to-morrow, Charley," said Helen, " do not 
waste^^ a moment, but '^" begin your lesson at once,^^ 
and you will find it a great saving,^^ not only of time,^*^ 
but of temper.'^*' I hope you will not get into a pas- 
sion^^ again with this good old slate of mine.*^'*^ It went 
to school with me when I was a little girl, and I 
should be sorry ''^ if you had broken it for not doing '^ 
your work." 

8. Away ""^ ran Charles to school, thinking to him- 
self,'^ "Well, I suppose''^ I was wrong,'^ and Helen is 
right.'*^ I ought not have been making '' ' pictures. I 
ought to have been getting '^ my lesson." 

iriberilrebcnb, ^ <Bä)cd^, ^ fpieleit, ^ ^iiai^, ^^ (S*ür,e, " Sclbaten, '^ @e^ 
flauen, ^^ ®rö§en, ^^al6ern, ^^ (^^^^^ le i^bem er bie Za\d umfc^rte, ^^ f)a^ 
bu gefeffen, ^^ 33nber 5iei*neub, ^^ flatt ^u »erfud)cn, ^^ foKte gebrodelt werben, 
-^ in bie |)öbe, -'^ aU oB, "^ ^^cßte, ^-i fd^fagen, '^'^ bamit, ^'' Micfte auf, 
2^ D^ren, ^s ia*enb, ^9 in einem fort, ^o njutltc, si fte f^cr^te nur, ^2 piöt-Iirfv 
33 jebccB, ^ nabm fie eine ernft^afte Wlkm an, "^ i?erl, ^^ muft bu an bie 2ir^ 
beit ge^enr ^" ernftlid), ^s einspringen, ^^ bie »erlcrene 3eit, '^^ ea finb nur 
jtoanjig 5Kinuten biö neun, ^^ i^ werbe ^u fpät fcmmcn, ^ nur bie5 eine -3)^al, 
43 tai würbe nid)t freunblii^ fein 'oon mir, '^ auf biefe SE^eifc, ^^ fo wirb cd bir 
f($werer werben, "^^ abfc^tägigen Sefd}eib ^u crf)altcn, ^' etwad öicl ©effereö, 
4** fd)Iang fie, "^^ fanft, ^"^ um, ^i maulte, =- anfange, ^^f^mn, ^^ fragte fie, ^^ i^^-t^) 
ber (Regel, ^Hte rid)tige SBeife, "p löfen, ^^ kenbigt, ^serftaunt, ^^noä>, ^' jeitig 
genug, ^* »ergeubc, ^^ fonbcrn, «'* fcgteic^, ^^ Srfparnip, ^^ an Beit, " STerger, 
2 



14 



Sel;rl)ud) fcev en3lifd)en (^pradjc. 



68 bu tinrfi ni*t tricber fo in ^arnifi^ Qtxat^tn nhx, ^^ i?on mir, "''^ eö [ottte mir 
Icib thitn, '1 bafür, bap fie nicl)t öct[)aii, '^ fort, '^ ki fic^ fclbjl benfenb, '^ id) 
vcrmuttjc, '''= id) ^atte unrccl}t, ^^ t)at vccl)t, " ic^ I}ätte nid)t mad)en follcn, ''^ id) 
I;ättc mad}en follen. 



B^ •-«► 



£e&tioii IV. 



:r^ic ^ülf^3eitli?i>rtct to have nnb to he 
(®cgcnlx?attlgc ^cit). 



UQ'iixkxi^tvitl^ni\ 



I have, id) ^ak, 

you liave, ®ic (tu) I^akn. 

pencil, 331eiftift» 

lie has, er l)at» 

slate, 3;afeL 

bonnet, ^iit» 

she lias, fie I)at* 

also, aud), 

Teil, Sd^icicr. 

^Yllat, ira^% 

cliild, ^inh 

it Las, eö ~f»at» 

doli, ^Up|3C. 

we have, \mv Ijahn* 

they have, fie i}abm. 

watch, Ul}r, 

no pity, fein SHitieib, 

ivhere, WC* 

umbrella, 31c^enfd)irm» 

here, Utx. 

rvhj, warum* 

time, 3^^t, 

miich sugar, i?iel ßwder. 

I am, id) Mn» 



tired, mute, 

are you? fiub Sie (tu) ? 

we are, iinr fiut, 

young, jung, 

but, aber, 

you are, il;v (3ie) feit, 

old, alt, 

needle, 9^almateL 

on, anu 

floor, guj^bten. 

handsome, l)ü('fd), 

she is, fie ift, 

proud, ftol3. 

sick, franl. 

now, je^t. 

Gross, VH-rtrieglid), 

unhappy, unglüdlii^, 

Slippers, ^antcpn, 

they are, fie finb, 

bedroom, ©d)Iaf^immcr, 

give me, iicBen <3ie mir, 

key, (SdlüffeL 

door, Zi^ixv* 



(13efd)lcc^t teö §auphiH>vte^. 15 

I have a book, jou liave a pencil, ancl lie Las a slate. 
This giii has a bonnet ; slie has also a veil. What has 
tlie child ? It (he ctcr sbe) has a doli. 'SVe have a 
father and a motlier. They liave brotbers and sisters. 
Has be tbe watcb ? No, be bas not (got) it. We bave 
no pity. Wbere bave you (got) your umbrella? I 
bave it bere. Wby bave you no time ? I bave mncb 
sugar. I am tired. Are you tired ? No, I am not 
tired. We are young, but you are old. Wbere is my 
needle ? It is on tbe floor. Tbis girl is bandsome ; 
sbe is very proud. Her brotber is my friend ; be is 
sick now. Wby are you eross ? I am not cross ; I am 
unbappy. Tbe dog and cat are not great friends. 
Wbere are your sbppers ? Tbey are in my bedroom. 
Give me tbe key. It is in tbe door. 



SSBricr-S3cr3cidjui|]. 



fein, no. 

^lac^bar, neigbbor. 

^fert, borse. 

inele, many. 

^ül}e, cows. 

Sonnenfd^irm, parasol. 

^(cir, di-ess. 

Stilicv, cellar. 

.^0(3, wood. - 

Äol)Ien, coal. 

nod) nidjt, not yet. 



reit, ripe. 
%käc, Spots. 
(Epatcn, sjDade. 
^ol'jftali, Tvood-sbed. 
fleißig, diligent. 
ntand)mal, sometimes. 
faul, lazy. 
ßlücflid\ bappy. 
©rc'^muttcr, grandmotber. 
fertig, done. 
aufmerffam, attentive. 
unaufmerffam, inattentive. 



HcBmtgg^^CnfgaBc 2. 

2öa^ ^aft tu? 3d) l)aU ein 9)^effcr itnb eine ©aBeL 
$aft bu au(^ einen XeKcr ? 3d) l)abt feinen Xeller» 2öir 
l)aben eine ^a^e unb einen $unb, unb nnfcr !Rad)bar \)at ein 
9)ferb unb »tele M^c. 23aö W beine (Bdjmfkx ? (Sie ^at 
einen neuen (Scnnenfd)irm* §at fte and) ein neue^ ^idt^ ? 



16 ?el;r()ud) ter engiifdjcu Sprache. 

(Sie hat incle neue Älcibcr» ®a^3 l)abt ü)x in eurem Heller ? 
2ötr t)abcn ^ol^, iin'o .^c(^(en in unferem Heller. Xiefe 
5^epfel ftnb febr grCrj ; fte ftno aber no^ nid)t reif; fte \)ahm 
glecfe, 3Bo ift tetn Spaten ? (fr ift in tem $o(^fta([. ^i\t 
tu fleifnci ? 3cl) hin md)t immer flei^üi] ; mand)mal bin id) 
fauL $}ir ftnb fe!)r ßfücfüd). 22ie a(t ift teine ©rogmutter ? 
(2ie ift fe[)r alt (2int) meine (Stiefel fertig ? (Sie ftnb noc^ 
nid)t fertig. 3^r feiü nid)t aufm.erffam ; if)r feib unaufmcrf^ 
fam, 

Öeicftüjf 1. 

THE CENTRAL PARK. 

1. In tlie citj^ of New York thero is^ a verj largo 
park, caUed ' The Central Farh 

2. Tliis park has been laid out ^ rath great care,^ so 
as to make it*^ a pleasant place for people to visit.*' 

3. The rocks^ in many places^ have been cut away/^ 
and the ground ^^ has been planted ^^ with shrubs^" and 
trees. 

4 It has Yery flne roads^^ and gravel-walks,^^ lead- 
ing ^*^ in different ^' directions,^^ so that ^^ people ^^ can 
ride-^ or walk ^^ to any part"^^ of ifc^^ they wish."^^ 

5. The park is quite^^ uneven,^' being made up oP^ 
many little hills'^ and Valleys."^ 

6. Some^^ of the little Valleys have been filled ^' with 
water, making ^'^ a number^ of lakes or ponds.^^ 

7. In the winter, when^^ these^' ponds are frozen over, 
the boys and girls, and even^^ men'^^ and women,'^ have 
fine sport,^^ skating^^ and sliding.^^ 

8. "\Mien the weather^^ is pleasant,^^ and the skating 
is good, you may see ^"^ thousands of persons,^' of al- 
most^^ all ages, '^ all skating at the same tinie.^*^ 

9. In the summer-time you may see a number of 
large, white swans,^^ sailing arouncP^ in the water. 

10. They were sent^^ to this country^^ as a present,^^ 
by the city^*^ of Hamburg, in Europe. 

11. It is a grand'^' sight^^^ to see-^^ them*^*^ curve*^^ their 
long, slender^"^ necks/^ and float around on the water. 



2)a0 ^aw^twon in tcr il)?c()rVv'il}(. 17 

12. They spread ouf'^ tlieir large wings^^^ like*^^' tlio 
sails*^^ of a vesseP and the wind blows'^'-' them awaj.''^ 

13. They are so tarne; ^ tliat they will como and eat'- 
corn or crnmbs of bread"^ from'^ your hand. 

14. Do you know'^ what we call'*^ a young swan ? 
Tes ; a young swan is called'' a cygnet. Like gos- 
lings,'^ they have very fine, soft'^ down,^ tiü'^ they get 
to be^- five or^^ six months^^ old. 

^ (Stabt, 2 cö glBt, 3 genannt, ' ifl antielcgt ircrben, ^ (^prj^falt, ^ um ißn 
ju machen ^u, ' angenehmer (ir^olungocrt für'ö ^cU, ^ ^^elfen, '« %^lät:t, ^o finb 
auö bemSßege gefc^afft worben, ^^ Sobcn, '=^ i|l bcpflanjt njorben, '^ ,§träud)cr, 
^■^ Strafen, '^ Äieöwegc, ^"^ fü^renb, ^^ »crfi^itbene, '^ 3ftid)tungen, ^^ ba^, 
20 man, ^i fabren, ^'^ ge^en (^u gup), ^s j^^y^j^ j^genb einem 2:t)eile, 24 t)c|Tclben, 
25 (roof)in) man mü, '-^ g^nj, ^t ynekn (l;ügeüg), 2. [^^\.^^^ ^ ^ j^^^^j^f ^^^^ 
29 ^üget, 30 x^äler, si einige, 22 angefüüt, =^3 ^Ibcnb, 24 ^fn^aH, ' s^ Seen, 
3*5 lüenn, ^^ biefe, ^^ zugefroren, ^^ fcgar, ^0 Tlänmx, ^^ i^raucn, '^' 35crgnügen, 
^ (Hc^littfd)u^ Uufenb, ** f^urrenb, ^5 SBctter, ^^ angenehm, ^' fann man fc^en, 
^^ 5Kenfd)en, ^^ beinahe, ^^ Stlteröftufen, ^^ in ^kidjcx ßtit, '^<Bd)m\K, ^^um^» 
l^erfegelnb, ^ fie tDurben gefc^tcEt, " 2-anb, ^^ @cfd)enf, " <Stabt, ^^ prächtig, 
^9 STnHicf, 60 fetien, " fie, «- Stegen, ^^ fc^ianf, <^_^ ^älfe, ^5 fc^tüimmen, 
66 fpreiten au^, ^^ f^tügcl, «^ j^^^^ 09 (gpgcl, "''^ ©*itT, "^^ trelBt, '2 entlang, 
" jat)m, ''•* eilen, "''^ ©robfrumen, '^ ^y^^ 77 j^^^pj j;y^ ts rennen, " föirb ge== 
nannt (^cipt), ^0 ®ö|TeI, ^^ wetc^, ^2 2)aunin, ^^ ^5, ^-^ iijcrbcn, ^^ Hi, ^^ gjjo.. 
nate. 

Scjcftütf 2. 

- NIGHT AXD DAY (Sag unb 9?ad)t). 

1. As ' the light of the snn makes the day, whcn the 
sun sets^ it is evening, which is soon"^ followed^ by 
the darkness ^ of night. 

2. But when it is night here, is it night in all parts ''' 
of the World ? ^ No ; it is then day in some ^ places ; 
and when ive see the sun setting, others, in a distant ^ 
part of the world, see it rising.^*" Our evening is their 
morning, and our midnight ^^ is their noonday.^^ 

3. Would you know ^^ the cause ^^ of these changes r'^ 
The earth is a large globe ^^ or ball ; ^" and it turns ^^ 
on its axis,^^ from west to east, once ^'^ in every twenty- 
four hours, at one time"^ carrying" us toward^^ the 
sun, and at another time "* carrpng us away from ^^ it. 

4 When we are carried ^^ toward the sun, it is the 



18 ?eij)rlntd) ter eng(ifd}cn (Zprac^c. 

early ^' part of the day to us ; and wlien we are carried 
away from it, the sun seems ^ to go down "-' — doTvii — 
until ^ it sets in the west, and at length "^ night comes 
upon US. The sun seems to us to go round the earth ; 
but it does not. 

5. While ^- we are on the side of the earth toward ^ 
the sun, there are other people who are on the oppo- 
site ^* side of the earth where it is night ; and when 
we see the sun rising in oiir east, others see it setting 
in theh' west. 

^ iric, 2 untergeht, ^ I'alb, ^ öefolßtf ^ ©unfclfteit, ^ in atten 2;^cilcn, 
' 3BcU, * einige, ^ entfernt, ^^ aufgel)en, ^^ SKitternad/t, '- S)?ittag, ^^ niöc^tet 
il)r iDiffcn, ^"^ Urfad^c, ^^ ißcranberunaen, ^" ©loOu^, ^' .Kugel, ^^ bre^t fid», 
" lim i(ire STxc, -» einmal, 21 taa eine 5KaI, 22 jraöcnb, '^s nac^— jn, "■^ ia^ 
ßnbere 9)?al, ^5 tveg 5:cn, ^6 jt,(;j^j| j^^j. getragen it>erben, 27 i^^y^^ ss [c^eijit, 
2» unter, 20 («1^,^ sj cnblic^, ^^ KJä^renb, ss jugefe^rt, ^ cntgegengefe^t. 



Ccaiioii Y. 



^ärtcr-^ericij^tiig. 

lazy, faul. many, ijicie. 

dihgcnt, ficijjig. church, ^irc^c. 

where, iro. minister, ^rctigcr. 
do — come from,!ommen — fi'Cr. i^reaches, |>rctio|t. 

from, aui\ congregation, ©cm einte. 

Germany, XeutjUIanb. hymn, Sict. 

child, Mnl. where, iroI)tn. 

cheerful, frcpc^. j)eople, Seilte . 

man, ^Dtenfcl\ 5[Rann. audience, ta^^^ 5lutitorinm. 

mortal, fterMict). applaud, applaittiren. 

lady, Tarne. actor, (Bd)au|pieler. 

gentleman, .^err. how, ti^ie. 

are going, ße^en. knife, SHeffer. 



2)aö ^auptjvcit in tcr 3}tcf)v^af)(» 19 

fork, &abd, faded, öcrn?clft» 
do you want ? li^olicn (Sie here, l)ier» 

l}ahn ? which, trcld^c5» 

I want, id) hauche» caught, fiiti}» 

. five, fünf» rat, Statte, 

dentist, 3k^^^tt^^3t» mouse, S)?axii?, 

IDulls, jici^t au^% negro, Sieger» 

tootb, 3^'^^}"» black, fdnvar3, 

small, Hein* on board, an 8orb, 

foot, %u^. we like, wix c\im gern, 

leaf, 53Iatt, beef, 3^inrf(ci)dn 

on, auf» potato, Kartoffel, 
tree, 33aum» 

He5ung§5§(ufgak 1. 

This book is old. These books are new. The boy 
is lazy. The boys are diligent. The man and woman 
are in the garden. Where do these men and women 
come from ? They come from Germany. A child is 
cheerful. All children are cheerful. Man is mortal. 
All men are mortal. Ladies and gentlemen are going 
to the concert. New York has many chnrches. The 
minister preaches and the congregation sing hymns. 
"Where are these people going ? They are going to the 
theatre. The andience applaiid the actors. How 
many knives and forks do yoii want? I want five 
knives. The dentist pulls a tooth. He pnlls many 
teeth. The lady has a very small foot ; her feet are 
very small. The leaves on this tree are all faded. 
Here is a leaf which is not faded. The cat caught a 
mouse. Cats catch rats and mice. The negroes are 
black. Are all people on board ? "We like bcef and 
potatoes. 

SÖörter-S^cqcit^ni^. 

£ie6, thief. fcret, three. 

fteblen, to steal. 3n?ct, two. 

ijiele, many. id) l}ah mir tett Su§ i?errcnft, I 

have sprained my foot. 



20 ^d)xhud) tcv cnc^Ufd)eu «Spradjc, 

wir ihm tie 3^^)*^^ i'*^^^)/ ^J ^«irtoffel, potato. 

teetli ache. ©emüfe, vegetables. 

l)oi)i, liollow. fie l}attc, slie liad. 

©iccre, scissors. * jet^t aber, bat now. 

eö ftnr, there are. nur nod^, only. 

gtveiunr^ii^anjiß, twenty-two. (]cn.Hifd)en, waslied. 

eä gil't, tliere is, tliere are. .Öcrr, gentleman. 

©tatt, city, town. (Smpfangöjimmcr, loaiior. 

Xqx\, Tülage. Statte, rat. 

Sani?, conntry. Wanö, mousc. 

tie groj^te, tlie lsj:gcst. Äcticr, ceilar. 

T)tv 'Lkh \ikl)lt g)ic 5){eBe ftcl)lcn. 3d) I;ak ein 2)?cP 
fcv ; tu !)aft incle 3)^e|iei\ Söie i)iclc Käufer f)at bein Spater ? 
932c{n Später l)at nur ein §au$» (Sr I)at brei 53rüter unb 
jtDCi (Bd)\i^t\tmu Xiefe^3 Äinb {)at fel;r grcjje 5ü§e unb 
|)anbe. Sd) l)abt mir bcn gujj i^errcnft. 2}tir tl)un bie 
3ä()ne wcl); id) I;ak einen l)ü(;(en 3^^n* @ib mir bie 
(Sa^eere ; fte ift ntd)t fd)arf ; fte ift flumpf. 5Bie üiele Wm^ 
ner vmX) grauen finb in bicfcm 3tmmer? Gö ftnb ^n^eiunb^ 
jn^an^ic^ 9)^anner {;ier, aber feine grau* ß^o gibt ^täbte 
unb X'brfer in allen Zaubern» ^m |)crf ift bie größte <BtaH 
in ben Vereintesten «Staaten. 33a0 foften bie ^artcffelu? 
Kartoffeln unb ©emiife ftnb fe(;r tl)cuer. ®te öiele Äinber 
^at biefe grau ? (5te l)attt bret Kinber ; je^t aber I)at [ic 
nur ncd) ein Kinb, §aft bu beine $anbe c\ma]d)cn ? 3d) 
!)abe meine .^cinbe itub güge geu)afd)cn. & ftnb |^n?ei ^S)er^ 
reu im Smpfang^üuimen ®ir I)aben inele blatten unb 
Tlau\t in unferm Heller. 

ßcicftüt! 1. 

THE LITTLE CHIMNEY-SWEEP.' 

1. Some years ago,^ tlie goocl people of Dublin 
made ^ an effort ^ to have all the little swee^DS of the 
city go^ to a free^ scliool, so tliat' they migbt bo 
taugbi ^ to read.^ 



Unkftimmtc giuniü>rtcr. 21 

2. Ono of tlie sweeps wlio ^^ went ^^ to this scliool, 
was askecl '- by ^^ his teaclier/^ if ^'' lio knew ^'' his let- 
ters.^^ 

3.*"Tes, sir,"^^ said'^ the boy ; "I know tliem"^ 
all." 

4. " Do jou know how to -^ read and spell ?" ^^ asked ^ 
the teaciier. 

5. " Yes, sir," answered ^^ the lad ;^^ "I learned ^^ to 
read and spell some time ago." ^ 

6. "Yfliat-^ book did you learn^ to read from ?" ^'^ 
tlie teaciier asked again.^^ 

7. " Oh, I never ^^ had any^^^ book!" said the little 
sweep. 

8. " Will you teil me,^^ then," said the teacher, 
"how you learned^ to read and spell?" 

9. " Another ^^ sweep who was a Httle "' older than ^ 
I am, taught^^ me," answered the boy. 

^ (cif^orrtficinfcgerjungc, ^ tcr metircrcu Safrcn, ^ ntad}ten, ^ 5lntlrengunc|f 
^ gelten, '^ frei, "' fo ba^, ^ fte unterrid)tet werben jnöd)ten, ^ lefcn, ^^ tt»el(^er, 
" ginö» ^- würbe ctcfragt, ^^ 5^cn, ^^ Seigrer, ^^ cl\ ^'^ er wüpte, ^' 33ud}|Men, 
^8 ia, mein öcrr ! ^^^ faßte, ^^ fte, ^i faunil bu, ^^ I^ud)ilaHrcn, ^s fragte, -*aii> 
wertete, ^5 ?8urfd)c, -'^lernte, ^' scr Ivingerer 3cit, ^^ waö für ein, "^|atl bu 
gelernt, -^ aii^v ^^ wieber, "- nicmvilö, ^-^ irgcnb ein, ^ wißil bu mir fageu/ 
*° bu gelernt Ij^ii, ^'^ ein anbcrcr, S' ein wenig, '^^ alv, "^ unterrichtet* 

THE LITTLE CHDINEY-S\YEEP. (odjlutl-) 

1. "How^ could he do it?"^ asked ^ the teacher, 
"without^abook?" 

2. "He did it byshowingme^ the letters ^ on the 
signs^ over the shop-doors,^ which^ weread^*^ as we 
went^^ through^^^ the city," said the sweep. 

3. The only ^^ teacher this little boy had, was a sweep, 
like himself ; ^^ and his books were the signs over the 
doors of the shops and sfcores.^^ 

4. If ^^ this poor httle sweep, who had never ^' been 
to school, had learned ^^ to read ^^ with such helps '^^ as 
these, how much more -^ ought ^^ children to learn who 



22 



^t^xhu^ tcr cttßltfd)en «Sprache, 



have plentj ^ of good books, and teachers to instruct "^ 
them. 

^ mte, 2 fonntc (r hii, ^ fragte, ^ cf)nc, ^ tnbcm er mir jetgtc, « Sudiflakn, 
^ ©c^ilber, 8 jfjürcn ber SSerfftättem ^»c(cl)e, 'Mafen, ^'gingen, ^^ ^urd^ 
^3 etnüg, ^^^ ixne er fclbft, '^ Säben, ^"^ wenn, '^ niemal«?, '* gelernt, ^^ Icfcn, 
2° C>ülfc, 21 jjijt jpic sjicj nu^r, 22 feilten, 23 Uel)crflup an, 24 unteriveifcn. 



£cfit{oii VI. 



SIJärtcrsScr3cidjin§. 



boru, geboren, 

equal, gleid). 

aboufc you, 6ci tir. 

asked, ftcüte» 

question, Steige, 

to auswer, kantit^orten, 

I have spent, id) l)ak ^UyC^ 

bracht* 
Company, (53efcKfd)aft» 
110 fault of mine, nid)t meine 

neighborliood, ?Rac^6arfdaft» 
to be let, ju ijermiet^en» 
hereabouts, :^ier ^erunt» 
thirsty, turftij}» 
I am very sorry, f5 timt mir 

\d)x leiD» 
ice, Sic, 
ouglit to have brought, t)attc 

bringen fodcn» 
on register, auf ter 2iftc, 
abseilt, abtrefcn^, 
various, ^crfd)iei:cn, 
cause, Urfad}e. 



in the country, auftemSantc. 

sick, ixant, 

pleasure, Vergnügen, 

out fishing, öifdjen gegangen» 

caught, fingen» 

there is no way of getting 

along, e5 ift nid;t fertig ju 

jv erben» 
feliow, Surfd?c» 
to quarrel, ftrciten» 
to fight, fid) fdjiagen» 
embarrassed, in 35ertegent;eit. 
I would not bother myself, 

ic^ amrte mir feine grauen 

.^a.are ivad^fen lajfen» 
importance, 33eteutung» 
chickens, .^püt)ner» 
killed, umge6rad)t» 
fortunate, glüdüc^» 
happy, glüd(id>» 
unfortunate, fd>abe, 
any sooner, früher» 
to be introduced, i?orge(leKt 

jverten. 



Unbcftimmtc güni>oi'tcn 23 

acquaintance, 33cfannt[d>aft. another glass, ttcc^ ein (3kC\ 

by no means, turcbauiJ nid)t» the other day, neulieb. 

to know how to, fi3nncn. troubles, Semül^ungen. 

to translate, überfelpcn. to no purpose, t^ergcbenc. 

sentence, Sa^. iu vain, umfonft. 

to sliut, 3umad)cn. to trouble one's seif, ftd) 3 er;; 

to oj)en, aufmad)cu. gc mvid^cn um. 

di-aft, 3»i3i^ii^^» to alter, äntevn. 

UcBung§'f(ufgaBc 1. 

All men are bom free and equal. Have joii any 
money about you ? I have some, biit not mucli. He 
asked many qnestions wliicli I coiild not answer. I 
liave spent many an hour in bis Company. That is no 
fault of mine. Do you know of any liouse in tliis 
neighborhood whicli is to be let ? I know some liouses 
that are to be let, but none liereabouts. I wisli you 
would give me a little water, I am yery thirsty. I am 
Tery sorry that I have no ice in the house ; the ice- 
man ought to have brought me some this moming. 
How many boys are in jout class ? I have forty on 
register, but to-day some are absent from yarious 
causes. Some are in the country, and a few are sick. 
I had a great deal of pleasure yesterday ; we were out 
fishing and caught a great many fine, large fish. Do 
you want any ? Thank you, I bought some this morn- 
ing. There is no way of getting along with this fel- 
low. He is always quarreling and fighting. I do not 
understand why you are embarrassed. In any case, I 
would not bother myself about things of so little im- 
portance. Where are all the chickens I bought for 
you ? The cat has killed them all. All the people in 
this town are Germans. My brother has been yery 
fortunate in his business, but he is not happy. It is 
very unfortunate that you did not come any sooner. 
There was a gentleman here who wished to be intro- 
duced to you. I should have been very happy to have 
made his acquaintance. People who are poor are by 
no means always unliappy. Do you know how to 



24: 



Se^rbud) tcr cnglifc^en ©prad^c. 



translate tliis sentence ? Please to shut the cloor ; I 
liave opened the Windows, and if the door is not shut 
there will be a draft. Give nie another glass of water ; 
I am very thirstj. "Where were you the other day 
when I was at your house ? Bear ye one another's 
burdens. Children shonld love each other. All my 
tronbles have been to no purpose. It is in vain to 
trouble yourself about things which you cannot alter. 



Bortet: 

^cnfd\ man. 

ntüiycu, must. 

fterbeu, to die. 

voüfomntcn, perfect, 

nod) (Suppe, any more soup. 

nod) ctaniiJ, some morc. 

ßtftic], poisonous. 

id) au6 nid^t, I neither. 

%itcx, feather. 

Flügel, viiug. 

fliegen, to fly. 

l^ier3i(5, forty. 

[d}Icc^^t, bad. 



er tciUQt ttwa-c, is good for 

any thing. 
tv>ä^(e, choose. 
f(^reiben, to write. 
Ha§, pale. 
\va^ fe()lt 3^'ttcn ? what ails 

you? 
^lutne, flower. 
cnthl^xtn, to spare, 
geftern, yesterday. 
Sßten, Yienna. 
^auptftatt, capital. 
^reu^cn, Pnissia. 
Ccfterreid), Austria. 



Mt ?:)^cnfc[)Gn muffen ftcrtcn ; fein Tlcn\ä) ift i^oKfommen. 
S;}at 3cmanr) mein 53ud) ßefeljen ? 3liemanb l)at ttin ^ucb 
f^efe^en. SSiüft bu nod) «Suppe? ©ib mir nod) etroai> 
js-leifd). 93tand)e ^flan^^en ftnb giftig. Jpaft tu mi ©elt^ "c^ 
3d) l)abe feinö; baft tu ettt?aö ? 3d) aud) nid)i; tt^er bat 
@e(t) ? d)}iin 'Brüter l;at n>eld)eö. 3cter S^oc^el bat gcbcrn 
unt glüöel ; alle ^>ööel fliegen* (S^5 ftnb i^ier^iö 2)ienfd)en 
in tiefem 3immei\ 3eter l)at ein ^ud) unt eine getcr. 
(^nh mir eine antere getcr; tiefe gctcr ift fd)(edU; id^ ^abc 
IWii getern, aber feine x>on beiten taucht etirac. $ter ftnb 
^wd antere ; tt^able eine i?on beiten. '^ih mir an6) etn?ae> 
2Dinte. Tlit fo{d)er Xinit fann id) nid)t fc^rciben; fte ift 



Unkftimmte gümörtcn 25 

ml in hia\u ^andjcn Xac\ Im id) in feinem .^aitfe gctrcfcn. 
2öaö fc(;lt 3f;ncn ? gcl;lt ^3i)ncn üm^ ? 5^c{n, mir fc^(t 
and) nxd)t^. 2ßi(Ift bu mir cinii^e "oon ten S3(umen ocbcn ? 
3d) fann feine cntbc()ren, Dieö ift berfelbe 3)?ann, ten wir 
geftern fal)en. 53eriin unb SBien ftnb grojje (^täbte. 3eneö 
tft bie ^auptftabt i)on 5^H*euf^en, biefe^^ ift bie |)auptftabt yon 
Defterreid)» 

LITTLE DICK AND THE GIAXT (ODer flclne [Sietrid)] ^ri^ unb 
brr 9^icfe). 

1. " Now I will teil jou a story ' — and a true " stoiy 
it is, too — aboufc Little Dick and the Giant," saidUncle 
John ; " and you must not ask me any questions about 
it,^ until I get througli." ^ 

2. Little Dick was a liappy ^ fellow.*' He would sing 
and wliistle^ nearly^ all day,^ He was as merry^'^ as 
a lark,^^ and scarcely ^^ anything conld make liim sad. 

3. One day ^^ little Dick tliouglit ^^ he would have a 
ramble ^^ in the forest/*^ at some distance ^' from his 
home. So off he went ^" in high spirits/"^ singing ^^ and 
whistling^^ tüP- the woods'^ rang^^ with his music.^^ 

4. At length^^ he reached^' a clear^ brook^^ that 
ran ^'^ through the woods ; and being "^ yery thirsty, he 
stooped down^^ to drink. But, just^^ at that moment, 
he was suddenly seized^^ — ^he scarcely^' knew how^' — 
and found himself in the hands of a fierce^' "^g^-J- 
looking"' giant,'^^ a hundred times^^ bigger"^^ than him- 
self. 

5. For some time ^ the giant held ^ him in his big 
hands and looked at him"^^ with great dehght/^ He 
then put ^'^ him into a large bag/' and carried ^^ him 
away/'-* 

6. Poor Dick, who was in great fear/*^ did all he 
could ^^ do to escape '^ from his cruel ^^ captor.^^ He 
screamed/^ and he tried^*^ totear°^ the bag ; but the 
giant only laughed ^^ at him, and went on, holding him 
fast. 



26 ?cf)rlnt(^ ter enßlift^en C^prad)e. 

7. At lasfc/^ the giant came to liis own house, un- 
like^ any'^^ tliat Dick had ever^- seen before ; for it 
was a gloomy^'^ place *^* — afc least^^ it seemed so*^'^ to 
Dick — witli a liigh Tvall ^" all around it,^- and no trees, 
nor flowers.^'-* Wben he went in, he shut '^ the door, 
and took'^ Dick out of the bag. 

8. The poor captive'^ thought'^ the giant "would 
now kill'^ him ; for, when he looked'^ aronnd, he saw 
a large fire, and before it were two victims '^ larger 
than himself, roasting" for the giant' s dinner.'^ Ko 
wonder that Dick trembled'^ with fear!^^ 

^ ©cr(^id}tc, -mU, " barütcr, ^ lud iä) fertig hin, ^ gtücftid), ^ S5urfc6c, 
' er fang unb \']in> * faft^ ^ tzn ganzen Zao,, ^'^ luftig, ^i Sercbc, ^^ faum, 
^^ eineö Xagcv, ^^ bad)te, ^^ er trcHte unikrftrcifcn, ^^ Salb, ^'' in einiger 
Gntfernung, ^' fort ging'vv ^^ öoK 2-ebencIuft, -^ fingenb, ^i pfeifenb, ^2 (»^^^^ 
23 ber Salb, ^-^ »ieber^aUte, ^^ öon feinem ©efangc, ^'^ enblidv ^' fam er \iu 
25 flar, -^ fdaö>, "° ba^inj^cfi, ^^ ba er irar, ^^ („jjfte ^ ^ ^^^j nieber, ^ gerabe, 
^ irurbe er^^Iöt^i^ ergrijfen, ^^ faum, ^e j^uptc, tisie (ilw gefcbaf»), ^' grimmig, 
"^ä^M, ^^^itHf ^0 Imnbertmal, '^^grögcr, 4- eine Seile, '^s^telt, ^* ktrad)tcte 
t^n, ^5 Gnt^ücfcn, ^* ftccftc er, ^' (Bad, ^^ trug, ^^ bai^cn, '^ 5ln gft, ^^ tKit 
cUeö tr»a$ er fcnnte, ^^ entwifc^^en, ^^ graufam, ^^■^ S^erfclger, '"'" f*rie, ^*' »er- 
fuci[)te, '"' ^errei^en, ^^ lachte, ^^ enblid), ^^ ga^', anber« tric, ^^ irgenb eine^, 
•^2 je, 63 finftcr, *^ Crt, ^^ trenigfteni^, ^^ fam CiJ fo iox, ^' ^Tlamx, **=* ringw^^ 
umber, ^^ 23lumcn, '° mad)te er ju, '^ Bclte, '^ ©efangene, "'^ bad)tc, '•* um^ 
abringen, " uml)erHicf te, '° i5c^lacbtcpfer, ' ' hatcnb, '^ SRittageffen, '^ jtttertc, 
^ö scr 5(ngii. 

LITTLE DICK AXD THE GIAXT. (^d^lug.) 

1. The giant, howeyer,^ did not mean- to kill Dick; 
but he put him into a prison^ which he had prepared* 
for him. It was quite^ a dark^ room," with cross- 
bars ^ all around it. The giant gave him a piece ^ of 
dry ^^ bread and a cup ^^ of water, and then left ^- him. 

2. The poor captiye^^ was yery wretched,^^ for he 
had neyer before been depriyed ^^ of his hberty.^'^ He 
beat ^" his head against the iron ^^ bars,^'-^ and dashed -^ 
backward "^ and forward"^ in his prison-house, but he 
could not escape.^ 

3. The next day the giant came and looked at ^* 
Dick; and finding-^ that he had eatennone-® of the 



Uul^cftimmte 5üinri3rtcn 27 

bread, lie took liim by tlie liead-' and crammcd^^ some 
of the bread dovm ~^ his throat.-'^ Poor Dick, wlio was 
nearlj^^ choked to deatli'^- bj this rude'^'^ treatment,"^ 
was in too great a fright ^ to tliink of eating or drink- 

4. He was left alone ^' in bis gloomy ^' prison an- 
otber^ day ; and a sad day it was. The poor creature'^ 
tbonght of bis own pleasant *-' bome, bis companions/^ 
tbe sunbgbt, tbe trees, tbe flowers, and tbe manynice'^ 
tbings "-^ be used ^^ to eat ; and tben be screamed ^^ and 
tried ^^ to get out^' between tbe iron bars;^^ but be 
only beat "^^ and tore ^ bimself, and all in vain.^^ 

5. Tbe giant came again, and wisbed Dick to sing/^ 
tbe same ^^ as be did wben be was in bis own bome, 
and was bappy. '^ Sincf / sing! 62??{/ /" said be, ''Why 
dont you sing /*" But Dick was too sad to sing. Wbo 
could sing in a prison ! 

6. At lengtb tbe giant gi'ew ^ very angry,^^ and took 
Dick out of bis prison to make bim sing. He sbook "^ 
bim, and bis big band almost"" forced^^ tbe breatb^^ 
ont of Dick's body.^'^ Dick gave" a lond scream,*^^ 
plunged^^ and struggled,*^^ and tben sank dead*^^ in tbe 
giant's band ! 

7. " Wbat a story tbat is !" said Henry. " "Wbo be- 
lieves tbere are any giants, or tbat tbey treat ^ bttle 
boys so !" 

'• Did I say *^" tbat Dick was a little boy, and tbat tbe 
giant was a big man ? No, no. But I will teil you 
wbo tbey were. Poor Dick was a Utile hird ; and tbat 
giant was a crueV^ ^^o?/." Wilso^\ 

1 icbod), 2 tea{>fid)ti9te nid)t, =^ ©efängniH, ■* ^lergcrii^tct, ^ ganv ^ buufcl, 
"' 3immcr, » ©itter, ' ^ ©tütf, ^^ trocfcn, " Scc^cr, ^^ ijerlie^, ^^ ©efangcnc, 
'•* unglücfUc^, ^= er ipar nie »orbem hrauH irorbcn, ^^ %xt\^z\X, ^' fd^Iug, 
^^^ eifern, ^^ Stangen, ^o fy^r, ^i rücfträrt^, ^2 s^^xmm, ^3 entfomtnen, ^4 u^t 
Va fe^en nad), ^^ unb 'ZCi er fanb, ^s n{d}t<5, '^' na^m er i^n t^eim Äppf, ^^ fic^fte, 
'^» hinunter, so ^^i^^ si |:^,-i^ 32 erfttcfte, 23 ^p^, 34 5gc&anblung, ^ Slngft, 
36 man lief iBn allein, ^^ ^nfter, ^s noc^ einen, "^ ©efc^öpf, ^° fremtbli*, ^^ Äa^ 
nteraben, ^ f*ön, ^^ (gad^en, ^^ pflegte, -^^ [d)rie, •^^ »erfud}te, ^^ ju entwifden, 
^^ eiferne (Stangen, ^^ jerfd}Iug, '"^ »crwunbete, ^^ umfonft, ^^ trcffte ba§ S^ic! 
fange, ^^ ^^^j^, j-p, 64 tT^^rbc, =5 jptnig, ^^ fc6üttc(te, ^' kinak, '"^ v^cpte, 



28 



?el)r6uc^ bev cnöltfd)cn 'Sprad)c» 



59 mjm, eo ßcitv " fließ au^, ^2 (g^^rew «^ j-^^pg ijorükr, ^4 ja^^pcltc, «^ f;el 
tobt nieber, ^^ k^anbcln, ^' |ak ic^ gefaßt? "^^ graufam. 



£efitioii VII. 



mtttibtiL—^täbiiat 
greaty iall, large, big, Utile, sliort, small. 



2öörtcriS5er3ctc§uiß, 



red, rot^. 
white, trei§, 
I like, id) Uek, 
nauglity, unartig» 
neighbor, 5iacbbar, 
honest, Hetcr (e(}rUd))» 
deaf, i^yx)>. 
to hear, gieren* 
to speak, fprcd)eit» 
mute, ftumm* 
body, ScKv 
mortal, fter6Ii(^» 
spii'it, ®cift» 
immortal, uttftcr^Ud^ 
knife, 9)ce[fer» 
Sharp, fd)arf, 
but, [otttent* 
blunt, ftumpf. 
to cnt, fd)neitcn* 
hot, kij)» 
cold, fall, 

what a, nja5 für ein» 
church, ^ird}e» 
soinetimes, mitunter» 
to make, kge^en» 
mistakes, ^e^ler* 



stupid, tumnt» 

leather, Setcr, 

tough, ga^c, 

brittle, fprote. 

transparent, turd}ftd)tig» 

Short, furj» 

earnest, ernft. 

we shall stay, ii?ir jverben 

Mciben. 
but, nur» 
coat, S*^od» 

pair of pantaloons, ^pcfcn» 
vest, Sßcftc» 
obedient, ge^orfam. 
handsome, l)übfc^» 
virtuous, tugcntliaft» 
orange, 5(pfclftne» 
pleasant, angcneljm, 
taste, ®c|'d)ma(l» 
great, ßrojj» 
tyrant, Sprann» 
difficulty, 8 dnr ierigfcit» 
Cathedral, 9)tünftcr» 
tall, grojj (r. I). I^od^). 
on the contrary, im ©egen^ 

t^eit» 



Short, Hein {tnx^)* suffer little, &c., U]\it tie 
I receivecl, ic^ l}ak erl^altcn» Äinricin ^u mir fcmmcn. 

large, (ircjj (tcteutcnt)l give me, c^ckn Sic mir» 

big, örcjj (tief)» a little, ein jrenig* 

tlc6u!tg§55lufsai)c 1. 

The rose is red ; some roses are Tvhite. I like red 
and white roses. John is a good boj, and Loiiisa is a 
naiightj girl. Our neighbor is an honest man. Kot 
all men are honest. A person that cannot hear is deaf. 
A deaf man cannot sj^eak ; he is mute. Our bodies 
are mortal, but our spirits are immortal. The knife is 
not sharj) but blunt. I cannot cut with a blunt knife. 
These knives are all bhmt. Summer is hot, but winter 
is cold. What a beautiful church ! it is very beautiful. 
Wise men sometimes make mistakes. Not all men are 
wise. This boy is very stupid. Leather is tough, 
glass is brittle and transparent. Life is short and 
earnest. We shall stay but a short time. I have a 
new coat and a new pair of pantaloons. My vest is 
old. Children must be obedient. We love obedient 
children. My mother is sick. "We have a sick child. 
That is a handsome girl. Isn't she handsome ? She 
is as Tirtuous as she is handsome. Oranges have a 
Tery pleasant taste. The weather is very pleasanfc. 
Nero was a great tyrant. Washington was as good as 
he was great. He speaks with great difficulty. The 
Strasburg Cathedral is very tall. Frederick the Great 
was not taU, but, on the contrary, very short. I re- 
ceived a large sum of money. Falstaff was a very big 
man. Suffer little childi-en to come unto me. Give 
me a little bread and butter. 

SöricrsSer^cii^mß. 

pBfd^, pretty. lefen, to read. 

nid^t fo — aU, not so — as, intereffant, interesting. 

arm, poor. Uimn6, instructive. 

traurig, sad. Iran!, sick. 



30 2-e(;r5ud) tev en^lii'd)en ^pvad)e, 

(Hof^n, son. Bei, in. 

txanüid\ sicMy. SBetter, weather. 

2:od^tcr, daugliter. Äirfd^e, cberry. 

immer, always. öngene(;m, loleasant. 

aU er fcbeint, as he seeins. (Dcfdnnacf, taste. 

Db\t, fruit. treu, true. 

gefunr, -wliolesonic. meite, shun. 

reif, ripe. Umgang, Company. 

frifd>, fresli. Befe, wicked. 

gelb, yellow. (eid^tfinnig, careless. 

Hau, blue. tefe QJefeüfd^aft, evil Company, 

grün, green. i:errer6en, to spoil, corrupt. 

hunt, party-colored. (Ritten, morals. 
ivarum tragft tu ? wliy do you 
Tvear ? 

ItcBuitglsWufgak 2. 

!Dtefe gebet i|l pt, aber jene ift fcblec^t 3cl) fann md)t 
mit einer fclUed)ten ?3eter fd)rci6em 5^iefer grcf^e ©arten ift 
nid}t fo bübfd) a(ö jener fleine. 3ener arme blinte Mann ift 
fein- traurig. Unfer fleineö ^am ift iieu, aber tdn grcgeo 
§au^3 ift ah. 3d) lefe ein fet)r intere||ante^o ^u^). Xeine 
^üd)er ftnb nid,U fo le^rreid) al^3 meine. Unfer 9]acbl^ar KU 
einen franfen <3cl;n unb eine franflid)e ^ccbter. ' Xiefeö 
5lint) ift ncd) immer fränflid). (iin reid)er Tlann ift oft 
nid)t fo glüdlid) a(ö er fd)eint, unt) ein armer 2i)knn ift cfl 
nid)t fo ung(ücf[id) al$ er fd)eint. 3ft Dbft gefunb ? ©ute^, 
reifet Dbft^ift gefunb, akr unreife^^ Dh\t ift ungefunb. ^pa^ 
ben ^ie gute Öutter ? 3i)hine Butter ift nidn gut; fi'e ift 
nid)t frifdu 3ener ^oc{d ^at ireif'e, rotl)e, gelOe, Haue unb 
grüne Gebern, (xx ift ]d)v Intnt. SSarum trägft bu l^eute 
tit\c<^ fd)one Haue ^(eib im biefem fd)(ed)ten S5?etter ? S^iefe 
rotl;en kird)en ftnb ':cn angenehmen @efd)mad. 9]eue 
greunbe ftnb nidit immer tre\ie greunbe. Tltitt ben Um^ 
gang bofer uni^ ieidufiimiger 2}knf^en; benn H^fe ©efell^ 
fd)a"ften t^crbcrbcn gute bitten. 



•Dai3 (vigcnfcljaftoaun-L 31 

Scjcftüc^ 1. 

JACK FROST AND THE SOUTH Vv^IXD (5an3 %xo\l unb bcr 
Sübirtnb.) 

1. Jack Frost was a famons ^ king, y/ho liad comc - 
a great v/ay^ froin tlio North. A long time lie liad 
ruie ^ over the eartli and over the strearas ;^ and everj 
tliing ^ on wliicli ' Llg laid ^ his cold Lands, lie bound ^ 
in icj chains.^^ 

2. Jack Frost was a stern ^^ okl tyrant.^- His locks^" 
were w^hitened with " snow,^'' so that lie seemed ^"^ to 
be very aged ; ^' and bis beard ^^ was hnng witb '^^ 
icicles?^ His voice -^ was as barsh '^ as the December- 
blast-^ that came howling^* over the mountains ; -^ he 
never smiled ; ^^ and it was said ^' of him that he never 
had any mercy on^^ the poor. They might starve-'' or 
freeze,^^ bnt little did Jack Frost care for ^^ their siif- 
ferings."^^ 

3. At length ^ there arose np ^^ against him a great 
bnt yery mikl and gentle-^ king irom the South, 
called^^the South Wind. Unhke^^ Jack Frost, this 
king had a smiling^ facc,'^^ a laughing ^^ eye, and a 
voice^^ soft^- and gentle.^" He had flowing"^^ auburn^^ 
locks, and his smooth ^^ beardless ^' face was like that 
of a boy in the very -^ spring-timo ^^ of life. 

4. When these two kings met,^'^ *' It is my time now 
to rule," ^^ gently whispered ^^ the South Wind. " Pity '^ 
you are not more of a man," ^^ blustered^^ Jack Frost, 
as he looked^ at the beardless face of his rivak^' 

5. " Ah, Y/ell, to do as much good ^^ as I can, is to 
do something," °^ answered the South Wind. And in 
spite^^ of a chilling*^^ look^- of scom^ from Jack 
Frost, he went about *^^ his work. 

^ Berüömt, 2 ^«er gefcmmcn ioax, ^ einen weiten SSet], ^ 3f?eaieruna. = (ctrü== 
mc, ^am, '' wer auf, Mcate, 9fd)tugcr, '« eiilae Äetlen, '' nnt"ter, '^^Z'^xann, 
" Socfen, 14 gebleicht i^cn, '^ (^crnee, ^'^ fd-.ten, '^ alt, 1« Sart, ^^ bing öoa »on, 
2'' (Sia^apfen, 21 Stimme, ^' xaiit), -^ (Btuxm, -^ ber I)eulcnb ba^er fant, -'^Sdtx^ 
gc, ^" lächelte, 27 man fagtc, 2s Erbarmen mit, 29 fie mod)ten barben, so erj^^ic^ 
ren, ^i fün^ntertc jtd) um, ^2 Reiben, ^^iMiä), ^cr^o5 ftc^, ss^j^j^lt^ ce ^^v^^j^i^f^ 



32 ^e^rbud) fcev cnölifdjcn (Eprad)c, 

3^ gan^, anbcrö tüic, ^^ lä^elnb, S9 ^rntlit-, ^^ Reiter, ^^ ©tintmc, ^^ jj^^ic^, 
^3 fanft, '^■* ftattcrnb, ^^ öolben, ^« glatt, ^' iHirtloör *^ fo recf)t mitten in, 
^^ SIütf)e>cit, ^° fic^ kgcgncten, ^' rcgiereitf ^^ fiü)iertc, ^^ nji^ ©c^abe ! ^"^me^r 
2J?ann, " fd)nDt, ^"^ Micfte, ^'^ 9tebcnbul)ter, ^* fo öiel ®uteö t^un, ^^ l^eipt 
etwaö tf)un, ^o trc^, ^^ falt, ^2 sßiicf, es ^^^^^ 64 ^^g^j^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ 



JACK FROST AND THE SOUTH WIXD. (^d)Iu^.) 

1. First he nncliainecl ^ tlie streams, and thej ran 
off in a boimcP rejoicing ^ in their freeclom. The mil- 
ier hastened ^ to his miU, and the fisher went for ^ his 
rod.<^ 

2. Next^ he breathed^ npon the snow-banks° and 
they melted away ; ^^ he loosened ^^ the earth, and said 
to the grasses/^ " Take courage." ^^ He swept ^^ through 
the forests/^ and he brushed^*^ over the orchards/' 
starting^^ the sap ^^ in the trees, and calling to^-' leaf, 
bnd/^ and blossom,22 ''Make readj!" ^^ 

3. Wherever^^ he went, the birds followed"^ him 
with their songs,^ and he bade ^ them have a thought 
for-^ their nests. 

Then what a waking up ^^ was there ^^ in the farm- 
yard ! "^ The cows were heard to ^^ low,^^ the lambs to 
bleat/^ and the hens to cluck ; ^ the farmer began to 
bustle about,"*^ and the housewife was all astir.^' 

4. How kind, how cheerful is the South "Wind ! 
Tliough '^ he has a large realm "^ to rule over, and so 
mueh to do that he sometimes cannot help ^^ paffing '^^ 
and blowing/- he does not think it beneath him ^^ to 
step aside ^^ from his great out-door ^^ work, and do 
littlß tliings to comfort ^ and to bless.^' 

5. So iie breaks gently into the Chamber of sickness/^ 
and whispers to the poor sufferer/^ " Be of good 
cheer,^'^ I bring you the promise^^ of better things." 
Busy,^^ busy, is the South Wind. " Every thing in its 
season," ^ he says. 

6. Already Jack Frost seemed. to melt °^ a little, 
especially ^^ Y/hen he looked around and saw what new 



lite every thing liacl. " Talents difier," ''^ wheezed^" he, 
" but it is hard to give up tlie rule." 

7. " Eemember," ^ said the South Wind, kindly, 
" that of ourselves "^ we are nothing. "We only do the 
bidding ^^ of one Mightier than we, and we can serve'-^ 
him as much ^^ in yielding,^^ as in doing — as mnch in 
being set aside,^^ as in being set up.'' ^^ " Yv^ell," 
sighed'^^ Jack Frost, "perhaps it isso."*^^ Tears ran 
down ^^ his cheeks,*^^ and he shrunk away.''^ Wilson. 

1 entfefTcItc, 2 {j^ Sprüngen, ^ \xi\), ^ eilte, ^ ^^cltc krBet, ^ STngelrutk, 
' fobann, '^ I^auc^tc er an, ^ (§d)neeMnfc, '*> jerfd}mcljen, '^ mad)te frei, ^"^©rä^ 
fer, >^ fcib quteö 5)hitfie^, ^-^ Kötf^ '^ Sßdlber, ^'^ Häufte, ^^ Cbilgärten, 
is klebenb, '»^ Saft, 20 junifcnb, 21 ^no^pe, "^ sgiütlte, 23 ntad}t euc^ fertig, 
2-^ WoI)in immer, ^^ fdgten, -'^ Sicbcr, ^^ {jiep, 28 ^^cnfen an, ^9 (£rwad)en, '^^ ga^ 
cö, 3^ Saucrnf)of, "^ ^^rte man, ^^ brüllen, ^-i i6Iö(fen, ^^ gadern. ^^ fic^ gefd^äf^ 
tig ju rühren, ^^ gan^ Sekn, -•= ülM'd;^cn, ^^ SRci*, '^^ nidn nmliin fann, ^^ Ruften, 
^- häufen, '^^ fo f)dlt er ea ^r^d) ni^t unter feiner Sßürbe, ^ bei ©eite ju treten, 
'*^ auper bem ^aufe, ^^ trcjlen, ^' feancn, ^^ .^ranfenftuBe, ^^ Seibenber, ^^ fei 
gute* ^Hut^eö, ^^ SJerbeipung, ^^ rubrig, '"^ aüeö ^u feiner Seit, ^ fd}mel'^enr 
" befonbere^, ^^ bie ©abcn finb ter1'd^icben, " puftcte, ^* bcbenfe, '•'^ öon unö 
felber, *'0 \-o\x folgen bem ©cbcip, «i bienen, '^^ ebcnfo fcbr, ^^ im Unterlafien, 
^'* bartn bap n)ir jurüdgcfcM n^erben, ^'"aU barin ba^ irir empcrge^^oben werben, 
^'^ fcufjtc, " ^z\\\ mag [0 fein, ^= flcffen I)erab, »^^ Sßangen, 'o fdjmols iufammen» 



Cefitioii YIII. 

To lilce, to he fond of, to he rigid, urong, to he sorry, 

I am very fond of, id) Hn ein a ride on horseback, Splitt. 

großer SfcunC l^on. ride in a carriage, Sai)rt im 
to hke, lieben, c^ern I)atcn* SSagcn,^ 

how doyouhke? iric oefädt bear, aucftcl;cn» 

bir ? do you hke dancing ? tanjefl 
di-ess, ÄiK ht gern? 

not at all, gar ntd^t. would you like ? mö(^tcft ht ? 



34 ?cl)rbud) tcr cnßl{fd)en (Sprad)e» 

luscious, faftig» to ask me to, ^on mir ju i?cr^ 

pear, Sirne. langen, tajj td\ 

and so forth, nnb fo ii^eiter, prepared, i^orhrcitet. 

when they should say, m fte ttg are all fond of a sail, irir 

fagen [eilten. «tvid^en ade gern eine Söafiav 

to be rigM, wrong, red^t, un^ jahvL 

red^t Ka6en» I am Tery sorry for tliis 

luidoubted, nn5ircifell)aft. child, hefeö ^vint tanert mxd\ 

to dispose of, l^erfügen ixki\ areyou sorry? tbut e^tir Icir ? 

property, (vigenthim» you negiected, tu I;aft i:cr;; 

to take advantage, in ^IwH faumt. 

mad^cn. duty, ^^fliiit» 

misfortune;, Unglüc!. indeed, jvirHic^. 



I am very fond of music and good books. "Wliat 
do you like ? I like a good dinner and a bottle of Tvine. 
How do you like the color of this dress ? I don't like 
it at all. I like notliing better than a ride on horse- 
back. How do you like a ride in a carriage ? I am 
not fond of riding in a carriage. I cannot bear it. 
Do you like dancing ? Would you like to eat some of 
these luscious pears ? Tliank j'ou, I never liked pears. 
"Wliat do you like best ? I love a good cliild, but I UJcc 
a faitMurdog. Some people say that tliey hve a dog, 
a cat, a ßower, and so fortli ; wlien tliey should say, 
'•'we likej' &c. Am I riglit in saying so ? You are quito 
riglit. Now, Yrhich of these two boys is right, and 
which is wrong? You have an undonbted right to 
disj)Ose of your own property, but you are -wrong to 
take advantage of another person's misfortune. Do 
you like to speak English ? I like it well enough, but 
I must first learn to understand it better when spoken. 
You would be vrrong to ask of me to speak before I 
am better prepared to imderstand it. We are all fond 
of a sail. I am very sorry for this child. She has 
lost her mother. Are you sorry that you neglected 
your duty ? Yes, sir, I am very sorry, indeed. 



tvid Gleiten, riding on liorsc- "tav 9lcifctt, traveling. 

back. auf ßifcnlmßnen, by raiboad. 

rutcrn, rowing. (Jeereifc, sea-voyage. 

Qav nid)t, not at all. ^^elfen, to help. 

lickr, better. iiü^öt^tf^ possible. 

ßrau, gray. itnge(;orfam, disobedient. 

tragen, to wcar. 2:augentd^ty,good-for-notliing 

nie, never. nennen, to call, 

^ark, color. ]o, tlius. 

taö 3:an3en, dancing. ölauOen, to believo. 
ba5 <Bä>mmmm, swimming. 

(2inb (Sie ein Srcunb 'oom Otiten ? 3cl) reite fei;r ßcrn, 
vubern aber mac; id) nod) lieber* 2)^i3öen öie meinen neuen 
^nt leiben ? 3c^ mag il)u gar md)t leiten, SBaö magft bu 
lieber leiben, einen fc^njar^en ober grauen 3^cd? 3d) trage 
nur graue 5l5de, benn i^ mag tk fd)war^e garbe ntd)t, 
Wldn trüber ift ein großer greunb i^cnt Xan^icn unb 
(^ä^wimmtn. 3d) bin fein S^'cuno i^cm S^lcifen auf (xifen^ 
bal)nen ; id) mag eine (Seereife 'oki lieber* (55 tl)ut mir leib, 
bag id) bir nid)t Reifen fann ; id) l)ätte bir gerne geholfen, 
aber eö ift mir nid)t möglid)» Xl;ut eo bir kk, baß bu unge:^ 
I;orfam gen?efen bift ? (S5 t^ut mir fcf)r Icir* ^:}aU id) ni^t 
red)t, njenn id) fage, baj} bu ein Xaugenid)t5 bift ? :ru l)aft 
unrcd)t, mtd) fo ju nennen. 2Ber bat recM, bu ober i^ ? 
3d) glaube, bu,l^aft xtä)t 

ScfcftiiEf 1. 

THE WISHES' SHOP (Der SSunfdikbcn). 

1. I had OYerworked my brain/ and ^^-as taten se- 
yerely ill.^ In yain ^ had my physician recommended ^ 
me to leave ^ business ^ for a wliile/ and seek ^ re- 
creation ^ and liealth ^^ in tlie country.^^ I wanted ^^ 
liealtb, but was iinwilling^^ to make ^^ tbe necessary^^ 
sacrifice ^^ for it. 

2. One da^;^, wliile weary ^^ and feverisli^^ from the 



36 Se^rbud) ter cnölif^en (Spraye* 

toil ^^ of examining ~^ a long list oi accounts,^^ I feil 
into a troubled ^^ sleep. It seemed to me that I soon 
awoke,^^ and left my office^^ to seek relief^^ in tlie 
open air."^ I wandered,-' I scarcely ^^ knew whitlier,^^ 
nntil my attention "'^ was arrested,^^ in what seemed to 
be called^-' " Providence Street/' ^^ by the foUowing^^ 
notice^^ over the door of a modest^^ dwelling""^ op- 
posite : "^ " "Wlioever wislies for any particnlar "^ ob- 
ject/^ let bim call here." '' 

3. Hurrying "^^ across ^^ tlie street, and entering '^^ 
the door, I soon found myself in a large room, afc the 
end of which/^ on an elevated '^° platform,'*" was a 
table ; and seated ^^ behind it ^^ was a little old gentle- 
man in black,^^ who, I was told ^^ on inquiry,^- was Mr. 
Destiny ^^ himself. 

4. The room was filled ^^ vdth persons who had come 
to make ^^ their wants ^^ known ^^ to him ; and as each 
applicant ^ * for favors ^^ came forward, the old gentle- 
man repeated ^^ to him the terms ^^ on which he did 
bnsiness. "My principle '^^ is, gentlemen," said he, 
" that whoever wishes any thing,^^ mnsfc give np some- 
thing^^ of equaP^ worth ^^ that he possesses." ^'^ 
Everybody nodded " assent ^^ to the principle ; but 
few seemed to realize ^^ its füll meaning.'^ 

5. The first person who came forward was a lame 
man, who supported '^^ himself with difficnlty "^ on a 
crutch '" and a cane. He wished to get rid '^ of his 
lameness,''^ and said he would give a great deal "'^ if he 
could walk'^ as well as most people. "Verywell," 
said Destiny, " will you give iip your eyesight ? " '^ 
" Certainly ^'^ not," said the lame man ; " I will pari; 
wdth ^^ none of the senses ^^ to be rid of an infii'mity.^' 
TJiey belong^^ to my sonl ; '^ tJiis is only my body." ^^ 

G. Neither his eyesight nor his little propert;^^^ 
would he part with; and so Destiny advised 2' him 
patiently ^^ to bear ^^ with the ills ''^ he was accustomed 
to,^^ rather °^ than take up '-"^ with new ones. 

" Yet I should hke to tüalJc,'^ said the lame man. 

7. " Ay," ^^ Said Destiny, " but you don't seem will- 



Lebensarten. 37 

ing ^^ to alter ^° your condition in any way,^' except °^ 
tliat of getting rid of something very disagreeable.^^ 
If you wish to get a good thing, you must give up a 
good thing tliat you already possess. That's tlie prin- 
ciple of all trade/*^'^ is ifc not '? Sorry/^^ sir, I can be 
of no use to you." ^°^ 

8. " Thank you, sii\ Well, I Tvon't detain ^^^^ you. 
Good morning." And tlie lame man took up Lis crutcli 
and his cane, and hobbled ^^'^ out of the room. He 
went away, tliinking lie miglit liave liad a greater af- 
fliction ^^^ than lameness. 

9. Next came a woman, eagerly^^° pusliing^^'' tlirougli 
tlie crowd/*^^ and with deep sobs ^^^ begging for the 
life of her son, a youth ^^^ of sixteen, who ^Yas dying 
of fever. 

" It is a great thing you come for," saidMr. Destiny. 
" You must give a great thing for it. Will you give 
your own life ?" 

10. *' Ay, twenty times !" said the mother, passion- 
ately.^^^ " You have not twenty lives to give. You 
have one. Will you give that .?" 

"Yes, I will give my life," answered the mother, 
suddenly ^^^ sobered ^^^ from her passion "^ by the deejD 
and calm ^^^ manner in which the question was asked. 

11. " Very well ; be it so.^^^ Go home, and your 
wish will be bought ^^' at that price." "^ 

I saw the mother rise,^^'^ and go away with a face^^^ 
of such calm ^^^ joy, that it seemed hke the face of an 
angel,^- returriing ^'^' to heaven, after having faithfully 
accomphshed ^^* his mission ^^'^ on earth. 



^ meine ^tx'oin toaxtn huxä} \n ml STrkitcn ü^crrci^t, ^ [.^ irurbe 
fc^roer franf, ^ »ergebend, * empfehlen, ^ aufzugeben, ** ®efd)aft, ^ eine 3eit^ 
lang, ^ fuc^en, ^ (Sr^olung, ^'^ @efunb_^cit, ^^ auf bem Sanbe, ^2 (»cburfte, 
^3 nt^t ©iEeno, ^^ bringen, ^' notf)n?enbig, ^^ Dsfer, ^' mübe, ^* abgefpannt, 
'^ STnilrengung, ^^ burcbwfeben, -^' 9?ed»nunggUrie, '^'^ unruhig, ^s aufmad>te, 
2^ ®efc^aftölofaI, "(Erholung, ^^^im gveten, ^'' id) n?anbertc, ^^ hum, 
^^ mobin, ^ 2(ufmerffamfeit, ^^ gefeiielt mürbe» ^- ^u beiden, ^ ©orfe^ungä»' 
Strafe, ^4 folgenb, ^^ S3efanntntad)ung, ^^ befc^eiben, ^' 2Dobnbauv, ^* gcgen^ 
über, 39 befonberen, '*° ©egenjlanb, ^^ ber_ möge I)ier »orfprec^en, *^ eifcnb, 
^^ über— hinüber, ^ eintretenb in, ^' an bellen Snbc, ^^ er^ö^te, ^^ ^Jlattform, 
3 



38 ^t^xhwä) ter cugli)'d)cn (^prac^e, 

4s fi^cnb, ^5 bal}inter, '° i'i)ixiarv '"^ t^ie man mir fagtc, ^^ auf meine ?Ra^frage, 
^2 (5d}icffal, ^^ angefüllt/ " in ^enntni§ ^n fe^en, ^^ Sßünfd^e, ^' SuüpUfant, 
^^ ©unftbe^eugungen, '"^ tuiebcr^oUe, ^^ 23ebingungen, '^^ ©runbfa^, ^^ einjav/ 
^Mrgcnb etoa^, "gleicb, <^^SSertf), *^*^Befttit/ ''' nicfte, ^^ Buftimmung, ^^^u faffen, 
'0 Tragweite, '^ ftu^U, '•■ Mnljt, '^ ^rücfe, '^loö^uwerren, ''^ i!a^iml;eit, '<^fc^)r 
ölet, " gelten, '^ ©efic^t, '^ gejrip, '^'^ ii^ tüid mic^ trennen öon, '^ «Sinne, 
^- ökBrecbcn, ^^ gefiören, ^ Seele, ^^ Körper, ^'^ SJermögen, ^' riettv ^'^ gebul^ 
big, ^^^u tragen, ^°ba5 Uebel, ^^ an hai er gewöhnt tüar, ^2 lieBer, ^' ftd) auf^ 
julaben, ^* ja raof)!, ^^ wtKena, ^^ änbern, ^"' SJeife, ^' aufgenommen, ^^ Un^^ 
angene^mev, ^^^ '^^nbel, ^^^ t^ut mir leib, ^'^'^ id) fann S^^nen nidit bleuen, 
^^^ aufhalten, ^"^ Imm^jelte, ^»^ Ärem, '^»'^ begierig, ^o" fidi brängenb, ^o« 2«engc, 
^ö9 ed^Iud)',en, ^''o Süngltng, ^^^ leibenf^aftli*, ^^^ ^tö^ad), "^ ernüd)tert, 
"^ ^eibenf*aft, ^^^ ruMg, ^'^ fo fei'd, ^^' erlauft, i^« 9)rei^?, "^ Tic^ erfjeben, 
^-^ 2{ntli^, ^-1 üt^crirbifd)c, ^-^ ßngel, ^-^ ^g^ jurüc!fe^rt, '=^i nad)bem er treu 
erfüllt ^at, ^^^ g^üffion. 

gefcfiücf 2. 

THE WISHES' SHOP, (ofortfe^ung.) 

1. Tlie third applicanfc was a poor cjenÜeman : a man 
of talent, refinement ^ ancl education.^ " Sir," said 
he, " I haYe seven sons and one daugliter, and have 
nothing wlierewitli to educate tliem." ^ 

2. " just tlie opposite ^ to the rieh man who latelj ^ 
cahed on me,^ and who had no children," said Mr. 
Destiny. " What a pity ^ you and he could not have 
made a bargain ! ^ Well, sir, how can I serve yon?" 

" I -wish for money," said he. 

3. He was asked '-^ to give up his health ; ^^ but he 
replied that he had not veiy mnch of that,^^ and none 
to spare. ^^ " Bis principles,^^ then ?" He was very 
indignaut ^^ at such a proposal.^^ " Would he part 
T\ith ^^ his talents, and be a fool ?'' i' Said he, " Of 
what good should I be to ^^ my family, then?" 

4. " You have eight children, you say ; joeople are 
very hajopy with two, or four, or even one. Suj^pose ^^ 
you give up one child. Can you part with the eldest?" 

" Impossible ! ^^ He is just eleven, and so clever ! ~^ 
He is füll of talent ~^ and apphcation.^" With a book 
in his hand, he does not know whether one speaks to 
him or not." 

5. " Then," said Destiny, " perhaps ^^ you could 
more easily ~^ part with the second." ^^^ 



" No, not the second — tlie seconcl and third ^^ are 
twins,^"* and to separate ^'-^ tliem would be ^^ to destroy"^^ 
botli. Tbey are twin-cberries "' on one stalk.^'^ I can't 
part witb two.'' 

6. " And y/bat do tou saj to partmg -sdtb tbo 

ßurth r "^' 

" A little fellow ^^ of eigbt ! "^ tbe most beautiful 
cbild — Uke bis motber — and as gentle "' as an angel ! ^^ 
He meets me"^ everj day wben I come bome, and 
flmgs "^^ bimself into my arms. I could not be sucb a 
beartless ^' hrute /" ^'^ 

7. '• I don't want to press you," ^'^ said Destiny. 
" But you bave a girb Let her go. Women ^^ are 
often quite ^^ useless/'^ and a bea\'y ^' Ti'eigbt '^ wben 
you bave to pusb tbem on in bfe." ^^ 

8.^*'Useles3! My bttle Mary useless ! Tbougb^'^ 
sbe is but ^^ six, you sbould see ber belp ber motber. 
Sbe knows wbere every tbing is to be found,"^ and "will 
run^^ for it,^* and back,^^ almost^'^ before ^* you know 
you want it. And wben anybody is ill/^ bow still sbe 
keeps,^^ and bow good ^^ sbe is. You sbould see bow 
tbe baby '' loves ber !" «^ 

9. " A baby, too ? ob, let tbe baby go," said Destiny. 
" ^Tiat ! tbe baby ? No doubt ^'^ it cries, and keeps 

one awake ; ^^ but my wife*^^ loves it better *^^' tban all 
tbe otbers.'^*" Its sligbtest*^^ iHness*^^ puts ber in 
misery.'^ Wbat would become of ber,'^ if it sbould 
cbe!""'^ 

10. " But tbere remain ''^ tv»'o more.'^ Surely,'^ you 
can part witb them ?'' 

" No, no ; tbe dear cbildren ! One can but just ''^ 
speak, and tbe first word was my name. And tbe 
otber — be is tbe only one ' ' tbat is sickly ; ^' be is al- 
ways bolding ''-' by bis motber's finger, or is canied ^^ 
in my arms. Besides,^^ perbaps be will grow^^ 
stronger ; ^" and tben, bow bappy we sball be !"' 

11. " Eeally," ^^ said Mr. Destiny, " you seem to be 
a very bappy family, even if ^^ you are poor ; and your 
cbildren are great comforts ^^ to you ; but of tbe manij 



40 !2e[)rbuc!) ter cngurd}eu Sprache. 

tliings you so Hglilj prize/" you seein imwiliing to 
part witli any of them l'or ricLes !" ^^ 

12. " But I sJioidd like to be rieh,'' ^^ said the poor 
man. " Other people are rieh. My neighbor, Mr. 
Smith, Las fivelve children ; yet lie is very rieh." 

" Would you change ^^ with him altogether ?" ^^ 
" By no means." '^ 
'' Why not ?" 

13. " For many very good reasons.^^ For example,^^ 
his children are very inferior ^-^ to mine. I shonld 
never be prond ^^ of them ; and I could never love 
them as I love my own. I should hke to be ^' in his 
situation,^^^ but would not be wilhng to be Mm^elf.' ^^ 

14. "Well," said Destiny, "I see you are like'-^^ 
other people. You wish to keep ^^^ what you have, and 
to add^^- somethiüg more. But that's not the bar- 
gain.^^^ You may have something else,'^^^ but not some- 
thing more." 

" Then I must bear ^^^ my misfortunes ^^'' as I ean. 
I see there's no help.^^^ But I begin to think I am not 
so badly oE'^' as I thought I was. Farewell,^o9 gj^ " 



^ feine -5??anicrcn, ^ssü^ung, "ura ibmn eine ^utt (Erjicfmng ju gekn, ^baö 
©eßcnt^cK, ^ für^ltd), « ki mir i)üri>rad}, Minefd)abe! ^ ©cfcbäft, ^ er nnirbe 
gefragt, ob er WoUe, ^^ ©jfunbljcit, ^^ bayon, ^^entbcl^ren, ^^ ©^uj^t^^^e, u^^^^ 
ruftet, 1^ SJcrfAIag, ^'Ttc^ trennen öon, ^^5larr, ^^ipae »ürbc id)nü^en, ^^ gefegt, 
*o unmöglüv -^ gefi^eut, '■'' talentöoH, 23 fieipig, 2-1 öießeic^t, 25 leichter, 
2» r.reite, -' britte, 2= Biüiiringc, ^^ trennen, so ^[^^^^ si jerftören, " itirfdu^n, 
"3 (Stengel, ^ inerte, ^ 33urf*e, so ßci)t, -' fanft, ^-^ gngel, ^9 fontmt mir cnt^ 
gegen, ^^ pieöt' ^^ ^crUo^, ^^ Barbar, "3 ,« ete bringen, « 2j5ei.^er, ^'"^ ^ani, 
•^"^ nufeloc, '*" \d)\vcx, •*' 2a\i, ^^ irenn man fte im ßebcn i^crirärtö bringen mup, 
-0 übfd)on, '"^ nur, ^2 ^y ft^bcn i|l, ^^ j^^j^yt^ 54 tarnadv '^= jurücf, ^"^ fajr, ^' e^e 
noc^, ^^ franf, ^^ fte fid) s erhalt, «» artig, " baö i!inb in ber ©lege, <^- fte 
liebt, 63 freilief), c^ njad), «^^ grau, ^^ mcfr, " alfe übrigen, ^s gcringtlc, ^^ Un- 
iDo^Ifein, '•'^ ma^t fie gan', etenb, •' iraö »ürbe öuö if)r werben ? '" wenn c3 
ftürbe, '3 Heiben übrig, "^ no* jwei, '^ getvip, ''^ fann gcrabe eben, '•'' baa ein- 
zige, '* fränflicb, '^^ batt fid^ feil, ^"'' getragen, ^' überbice^, ^^ t:>erben, ^^ ftärfer, 
^roirfli*, ^^»enn aud}, **^Xrc)l, ^'^Die ^ie fo f)od} fcba^en, ^* Oteic^tbum, "id) 
möchte aberboc^ gar ^u gerne reic^ fein, ^'^ taufd^en, ^^ gan^ unb gar, ^^ bei Seibe 
nicbt, 93 ©rünbc, ^^ ^um Seifpiel, ^^ »eit tpeniacr begabt aU, s« flolj, 9" ic^ 
möd)te fein, ^= Sage, »^ er fclbft, ^oo j^,je, ^o' bebalten, ^^^ btn^ufügcn, ^^^ g^^^ 
rebc, lo-i anberee, lo^ tragen, ^^s nnglücf, ^^' ^iiimc^, ^^^ eö iit nid}t fo fd)lec^t 
beftcttt mit mir, ic3 je^cn Sic Ji?cbt. 



3^etcn^3artem 41 

Öcfefiüc! 3. 

THE WISHES' SHOP, (^ortfe^ung.) 

1. Just at this moment a laclj of wealth,^ alighting ~ 
from her carriage, enterecl ^ the cToor. Her footman ^ 
oificioTislj ^ put aside ^ tlie crowd,' and slie came for- 
ward, richly dressed,^ beautiful and graceful,^ witli the 
conscious^'^ ease^^ of one wlio attracted'^ all eyes and 
disappointed ^^ none. What could tliat favored ^^ 
being ^^ Tvisli for more ? Was it possible tliat slie could 
covet ^^ any thing farther ? ^' 

2. Mr. Destiny appeared to have some such ideas as 
these/^ for he inquired/'^ " Is there any thing, madam, 
for which you can form '^^ a wish ?" 

" I wish to be happy," said the lady. 

" Alas !" "^ said Destiny, "if you are not happy, too 
ca7i be ?" 

" I do not come to argue ^^ the matter," ^"' said the 
lady; " I only state^^ my wish." 

3. " True, madam, I beg your pardon," ^^ answered 
Mr. Destiny. " You seem to have every external ~'^ 
means ^' of happiness ; but if you are not happy, T^'hat 
would you part with to be so ?" "^ 

" With evcry thinrj,'' said the lady, really shedding 
tears,^^ and wiping ^^ her eyes with a handkerchief "^ 
trimmed^^ with lace^^ at a guinea a yard.^^ 

4. " Then," said Destiny, " I Avill describe ^^ a con- 
dition^^ — that of an esteemed^ ' acquaintance^^ of mine"'-' 
— and you may have a condition like hers and be 
happy. It is that of a little piain ^"^ woman, who is 
devotedly ^^ loved ^^ by her husband.^-* She has a duti- 
ful ^^ son, although he is rather ^^ dull ; ^^ but she does 
not perceive ^ ' it. She reads a good book on Simdays ; 
she has some j^leasure in'^ putting on^^ her silk 
gown,-^*^ and a great deaP^ in friendly gossip ;°^ she is 
busy ^^ all day, and sleeps all night ; she murmurs ^^ an 
cid song,^^ and is truly happy." 

5. " It is all Tery well," said the lady, inteiTupting ^^ 



42 ?c!)rlHtd) ter cnj^Iifcku ^prad)c, 

him ; " but it is not possible that I could be liappy 
uncler those circumstances." ^'' 

" Only she is^^ bappj," saicl Destiny ; " and the bar- 
gain is that you shall be bappy, if you ^-ill consent ^^ 
to take*^^ a condition like liers." 

6. " Better be miserable " than be so ignorantly 
bappy," ^^ Said the lady, suddenly ^' rising.*^^ " I prc- 
£q^cj my present^*^ condition to surh a change." " 

" Just as you please," ^^ said Destiny. And with a 
gracefuP^ and gracious'^ bend of the liead"^^ she 
rustled '' through the shop, and entering '^ her elegant 
carriage, drove off.'^ 

7. Tbere were niany morc applicants who came ivith 
tlieir Tvishes ; but fevr of them were willing to pai-t with 
wLat they had, for what they so niuch coveted; and 
most of those who came to terms,'-^ seemed to me to 
make very poor bargains/^ 

8. One good-looking ' * young fellow's wish was to 
marry"^^ an heiress.'^ Mr. Destiny was rather hard 
npon him.^*^ '• It is all fnir ^^ that you should marry an 
heiress," said he ; " and if your wife has only money, 
what will you give ?" 

9. " Will you give np her beauty ?" ^^ " Yes." 
"Sense ?"2^ "Yes." "Goodiemper 9"^^ "Yes." "Your 
own way ?" ^^ " Oh ! I'll manage ^^ to get that." ^\ "No, 
it is in the bargain that you shall not have it ; will you 
give it up ?" " Yv^ell, yes ; I'll give up all for money." 
"You certainly deserve^^ a yery rieh bride, since^^ you 
lose "^ every thing eise," ^^ said Destiny. " Have your 
wish,-'^ then." 

10. And now, as the interest ^-^ in others began to 
slacken ^* I thought I might as well ^^ express '''^ my 
own wishes ; and approaching '-'' Mr. Destiny, I told 
him that I wished for health.'-*^ A long dialogue '•''' fol- 
lowed.ioo I was told ^^^ that I must give up half ^f of 
my successful ^^^ business, regain ^^* half of my time, 
and give ^^'^ that for health. 

11. "Sir, I must think about it." ^«»^ 



" Don't tliink^o? ^oo long," said lio, " for fear^^^ the 
opportunity ^''-^ sliould jDass." ^^^ 

""Well, I dare say ^^^ you are riglit;^^^ and to- 
morrow I will let yoii know." ^^'' 

12. I reaclied ^^^ my office, somewliat confused ^^^ by 
wliat^^^ I had seen and lieard. I soon returned^^*" 
home, and next morning, when I awoke in bed, I was 
in tlie cliills ^^^ of a nervons fever.^^^ Ideas ^-''^ raced^^^ 
tliroiigli my brain ^''^ with a rapidity ^^^ wliicli defied ^^^ 
my effort3i25 to catch ^^^ tliem. I talked,^^? jj^^^ j 
knew not wliat I said. Sometimes^'-^ I cried; somc- 
times I lauglied ; and I remember ^~^ bnt iittlo tili com- 
plete exliaustion ^'^^ seemed to sink ^"^ me into a pro- 
found^^^ sleep, from wLicli I awoke, and lieard some 
one say, " He will live." ^''• 

13. And live I did.'^* I was friglitened ^^^ at wliat^^^ 
bad happened.^"* Ib was only the fear of losing ^^^ life 
itself tliat prevailed ; ^^^ and I diel at length take meas- 
ures ^^^ to exchango ^^^ a portion of my wealtli ^^- for 
bealth. I gave up one half of my bnsiness ; I bought 
a horse, and took abundance of exercise.^^^ I soon 
got^^^ better, and was again a liappy man;^^^ but, 
what is remarkable,^^'' altliougli I went several times^^*^ 
in searcli^^^ of " Providence Street," and " Mr. Destiny's 
Wishes' Shop," I never could find eitlier.^-^ In truth, 
the whole ^^° now seems to me almost like a dream. 



trat l^meinin, ^Sßebtentcr, ^bicnilcifrig, ^fif*o'& 
hd Seite, '' bie SJ^rn^c, * retc^ gef(eiDet, ^ anmutblg, '"^ felbübciruKt, ^^ 2üdy 
tigfett, ^^ bie auf ftd) 5icbt, ^^ jäufcbt, ^-^ tcijor^ugt, '^ gu^j-^^^ ^^s 0ege(,j(;jj^ 
^' etroaö luetter, ^^ fc|ien berartige ©ebanfen ju fiahtn, ^^ fracitc, -•^Ijegen, ^^ad) 
©ütt! "^ubi^tutirenüberr ^^^ad)t, ^■^idjiijmfmh, " Htte um GiUfc^ulbigun;], 
2ö äuilerlit^, '^'' Sebingungen, ^5 ^^ ^^ ^y^ tiH^rben, ^^ Xbränen öcrgicpeiiD, 
3'Mrocfrtenb, ^^ Safi^entud), ^^ kfefct, ^a ^pt^en, ^4 y^rd (3 m^), sö tef*rei^ 
bcn, 3ö «agc, 3- geachtet, ^s sggf^j^j^j^, ^aijrnnnr, ^o einfach, -^^ mit Umgebung, 
^- geliebt wirb, ^^ 2)tann, ^^ ge^orfam, "^ eigentlich etira^, ^'' befcbranft, ^' ht^ 
mcrft, ^* greube baran, ^^ on'jU^ieBen, ^o itteib (weitet), ^M'ebr i?iel (Gefallen an, 
^2 freunbfc^aftlid}ee ©eplauber, ^^ gefc^^i^ftig, ^4 ,-mjtjj^t^ '==^kb, ^«^ unterbrcc^enb, 
^' Umftänbc, '"^ fte i|l aber bcd», '"^ wenn Sie ficb ba;u i?erfteben Wellen, '^^an^u^' 
nehmen, " beffer unglücfUc^ fein, '^- al5 @lücf bei fo grcpcr Unwiilen^eit, 
•^2 plij^lic^, ^ fi£^ er^ebenb, ^^ ic^ ^ie^e öor, ^^ gegenwärtig, " äüecbfel, ^^ ganj 
töic cd Sfnen beliebt, ^^ grajiöö, ^^ gnabig, "'^ ^cpföerbeugung, '^ rauf^te, 



■'2 Beflcigcnb, J^ fu^r fle ha'ocn, " fcie auf bte Sßebtngutt^^en eingingen, ''^ fcf^icnm 
mir einen fe^r erbärmlicftcn Äauf ',u mad)en, " »on f)übfcf^cm Sleufcrn, "'" f)ei== 
ratzen, '^ reicf)e Srbin, -*' fteüte if)m {)arte 33ebingungen, ^' nicf*l meftr alö Müig, 
^■^ 3c^ön{)eit, ^^ißerftanb, *^ fanfteö 9?atureII, ^^ eigener SBille, '^ ic^ n>i(I eö fc^oit 
fertig bringen, ^' bcn burcb^ufcl;en, "* Sie »erbienen fid)erlicf), ^^ ha, ^ ein* 
Mpen, 2^ allcö anberc, ^- 3I;r 33unfd) fei erfüllt, ^^ 3ntereffe, ^^ nacb;ulaffen/ 
^ iil) fijnnte eben [o gut, ^ auöbrücfen, ^'' mid) nä^ernb, ^' ©cfunbbeit, '•'^ 3tt)ie^ 
gefprac^, ^^ folgte, '"• eö n)urbe mir gefagt, ^^'^ bie Hälfte, ^^'^ einträglicb, 
^0^ nehmen, ^^ tuibmen, ^'^ id) mup bav überlegen, ^*^' befinnen Sie ftd) nid)t, 
-OS auiJ t^urc^t, ^^^ Gelegenheit, "° m5d^te »orübergefyen, ^" id) n?age ju bel)aup^ 
ten, "'^ Sie I)aben 9ted}t, ^'^»tlf iit e^ Sie »iffen laffen, "^ erreichte, "'etwaö 
»erttjirrt, "^^ burd} ba^v road, ^^' fcfirte ^urücf, ^^^ fAüttelnber S^rcft, ^" 9?cr' 
»enfieber, '^o ©ebanfen, '"^M^Otcn fld^, i-- ©eMm, ^^Sc^neüigfeit, ^-"^trom, 
^2= S3cmü(>ungcn, '-^^ üe ^u jügeln, '■^'' fpra*, ^^ balb, ^^9 efinnere, ^^o (fy, 
fdtöpfung, ^^^ ^u terfenfen, ^^"^ tief, '^ er tt?irb am Seben bleiben, ^^ unb ic^ 
blieb am^ Seben, '"^ crf*rocfcn, '^'^ über, h<v5 tt>afv '^'^ fid) ^^ugctragen liattc, 
"^ ju verlieren, '39 t^^g Q^erbanb bcbielt, ^^^ id) traf enblid) ivirttic^ Slnftalten, 
"^ cin^utaufd)en, '-^'^ 9icidnl)um, '-^^ madnc mir i?ie( fijrperlid^ ScR>egung, ^^^ eö 
ging mir balb, '-^^ 5Wenfd), '^«^ merfwürbig, '^' mebrm.alc, "* fcrfc^te nad;, 
'•^3 fo fonnte id; bod} fciucö von beiden finben," '^° baß ©anje. 



Ccfiüou IX. 

©rt!^ regelmäßige ^citivotU—^ci^ctxtvatt, 
SSetgaiigen&eit* ^^et^eni^atten* 

TAe?'e is^ tJiere are. To take a molk. To liave a mincL 



too, audv to loolr, aue>fc()en» 

when, aU. clirty, [d^mu^^ig* 

also, an<i!* to wait for, rvavkn auf» 

to praise, Wert» enoiigh, genug» 

diligencG. ^Iet§» to flog, ^rüijcln. 

^Ye clo so, n?ir ihm c^» an hour ago, ijcr einer Stunte. 

no longer, nicl^t ntel}v» when, Jrenn» 

lie wishes you to come, er Infant brotber, Srütcrd}en» 

trünfct^t, ta| Sie (tu) fommen» to ciy, fd>reien» 

to scold, [dielten. is to go, gel>en fctl» 

servant, 9)tagt (Xicncr)» to stop, anijaltcn» 
many a time, öftere« 



will you stop your noise ? to have a mincl, Suft ijahn, 

anüft tu (ibr) fttüc fein ? to accompan}^, kgleitcn» 

all lie asked me, a(Ic3 tuona^ really, wirflid^ 

er.mid) gefragt I}attc» to entcr, eintreten in, 

to dex^art, fertgel^en. to trayel, reifen, 

to repeat, juieterl^clcn, to sali for, abfcgcln t\ad\ 

qnestion, ^rage. to escape, entlaufen. 

sentence, (2a^. master, ^err. 

twice, jnjeimaL widow, SCnttire. 

instiiictive, Ie()rreid^. to die, ftcrben» 

to take awalk, fpajiercn j-ci^cn. consumption, (2d)ti?inrfu(^t. 

round, um. 

HeBung§55(ufgaBc 1. 

I love mj father and motlier ; tliej love me and my 
sister. My sister loves tliem, too. You love me and 
I love you. I loved this boy wLen lie was diligent ; 
liis teaciiers loved liim also. We praised liim for his 
diligence, but we do so no longer. Tliou knowest my 
do\\Tisitting and mine ui)rising, tliou understandest my 
tliouglit afar off. He wishes you to come to his house. 
I have scolded your servant many a time, she always 
looks so dirty. Will you wait for me ? I Laye waited 
long enougli, I can wait no longer. Jolin flogged his 
dog an hour ago. He always flogs him when he has 
not obeyed. Sly Infant brother always cries when he 
is to go to bed ; he cried a whole hour yesterday. I 
stopped him in the street. Will you stop your noise ? 
When I had answered all he had asked me I departed. 
Will you repeat my question ? I repeated these sen- 
tences twice. There is no rose without thorns. There 
are many instructive books. I want to take a walk 
round the park. Have you a mind to accompany me ? 
I aecompanied you yesterday and to-day. I have 
really no mind to take a w^alk. Are there many cher- 
ries and plums in your garden? There are many 
cherries, but no plums. When I had just departed, 
my nephew entered my house. I have traveled many 
years in Europe and America. He has sailed for 



46 ?el)rl)u^ tcr englif^en (Sprache* 

Mexico. The slave has escaped bis master. The poor 
widow has died ; she died oi consumption. 

irctmen, to hve, reside. aityru^cn, to rest. 

frübcr, formerly. untcutlicb, indistinctly. 

rcrfelbe, the same. lauter, louder. 

5ufammcn, together. teut(id>er, more distinctlj. 

liMJ fc()(t rir? what ails you? trenn id^ i^erfte^en füll, if I am 

fud^en, to look for. to understand. 

^rad>tii(, splendid. t^crgeftcrn, day before yester- 

tcn gau'^en ^^Zor^cn, all tho day. 

morning. a(ö id) fam, ^vhilc comiug. 

gu .^aufe, a1 home. crjdl}lte, told. 

jvarten auf, to Tvaifc for. tag er ge(}cn Jrürtc, that ho 

jrann, when. would go. 

juicet, last. ^euigleit, news. 
i^or ja^ei 3vi^^rcn, two years ago. ^örfe, exchange. 
^4(^ent», eveniug. 

3i) lick teilten 53rutcr ; er ift mein 5rcunb. (Sr trcbntc 
früher mit mir in temfelben §anfc ; mx ginjen cft__fpa^ieren 
jufammen. ®a0 feMt tir ? 3c^ l)Cibc mein ^Jh\]cv i^erlc^ 
ren; iriilft ht mir cö fud)en klfen? ©eftcrn l)abt id^ einen 
Coronen, präcl)ti(]en G(ep[)anten gefef)en. 2Bo l)a]t ht il;n qc^ 
fef)en? S'öo bift ht ikmi ?J^orgen ßen^efen? 3cl) n?ar ten 
cian^5en D}iori]en ^,u pviufe uno irartete auf ticfn ^ann ftnt) 
(Eie ^ulcnt in (Siircpa ^eirefen ? 3c^ n\tr ^cr ^^tt^et 3abren 
bort» ©ie iano^t ive()nen «Sie (have you lived) in tiefem 
^aufe ? 3i) a^cl)ne (have lived) ^ier (fcf)cn feit) fünf 3^^- 
ren. 3i> ^vibe ten ßan^5en 5(bent gefd)rieben (I have been 
writing); je^t mu§ id) ein mnu^ auCn-ukn. Tu fprid)ft 
fef)r unteutlid) ; fprid) lauter unt teutltd)er, irenn xö> ti* i>er^ 
fielen fclL 3d) fprad) t^orAeftevn teinen 33ruter, alö id) i^cn 
ter Arbeit fam. dx er^^ablte mir, tag er nad) (Safifcrnien 
geben u^ürte. .^aft tu fdbcn unfer neuco -JMano c^efeben ? 
3(^ 'i)abt eö nod) nid)t gefeben. ^o })a]t tu tiefe ?ieuigfeit 
gef)i3rt ? 3d) I)5rte fie üov einer 3tuntc auf ter 53orfe. 



Xai3 rcijelniäpißc BcüiDort 47 

ßcjcfutt! 1. 

THE CADFS DECISIOX. an auabiaIs tale. 
1)tx 0iic^terfpru(^ teö Äabt. Ginc öraMfc^c ©cfd}{d)te. 

1. Bon-Akas, at one time the Sheik ^ or chief ruier - 
of Algeria, ha\dng heard" that the cacli of ono of Lis 
twelve tribes"^ administered ^ justice*^ in an admii-ablc' 
manner, and pronounced decisions^ in a style ^ 
worthy ^^ of king Solomon Limself, determined ^^ to 
judge ^^ from bis own Observation ^" of the trutli ^^ of 
the report.^^ 

2. Accordingly,^*^ dressed^' like a private individual,^^ 
without ^^ arms ~^ or attendants,^^ he set out for ^^ the 
cadi's town, mounted ^'^ on a docile ^^ Arabian steed.-^ 
Having arrived there,~^ he was just entering ~^ the 
gate,^'' when a cripple,"^ seizing ^^ the border ^^ of his 
garment,'^" asked him for alms^" in the name of the 
prophet. Bon-Akas gave him money, but the crij^ple 
maintained his hold.^^ 

3. " What dost thou want ?" ^^ asked the sheik. '' I 
have already given thee alms." 

" Yes," replied the beggar, '"but the law^'^ says not 
only, * Thou shalt give alms to thy brother,' but also, 
' Thou shalt do for thy brother whatsoever "' thou 
canst.' " 

" Well ! and what can I do for thee ?" 

4. "Thou canst save^^ me — poor crawling^^ crea- 
ture^^ that I am! — fi^om^^ being trodden under the 
feet^^ of men, horses, mules,^^ and cameis, which 
would certainly happen "^^ to me in passing through ^^ 
the crowded^*^ square,^^ in wliich a fair^^ is now being 
held.^^ 

" And how can I save thee ?" 

5. " By letting ^° me ride behind you, and putting 
me down ^^ safely ^^ in the market-place, where I have 
business." ^^ 

" Be it so," ^^ replied Bon-Akas. And stooping 
do's\T3,^^ he helped the cripple to get up ^'^ behind him ; 



48 ^ci)xbnd) tcr cnßlifcljcu 3prad)e, 

a business ^~ whicli was not accompiished ^^ witKont 
much difficulij.^^ 

6. The strangelj-assorted riders ^'^ attracted " many 
eyes as they j^assed ^'^ througli tlie crowded streets ; 
and at length ^^' they reached the market-place. 

" Is this where you "^ish to stop ?" ^^ asked Bon- 
Akas. 
'^Yes." 

" Then get down." " 
" Get down yourself." 
''^Tiatfor."^^« 

7. " To leave ^^ me the horse." 

" To leave you my horse ! Tv^hat mean you by 
that ?" '' 

" I mean that he belongs to me. Know you not that 
we are now in the town of the just ^^ cadi, and that, if 
we bring the case '*^ before ' ^ him, he will certainly de- 
cide in my favor ?" '^ 

8. " ^Itiy should he do so/'^ when the animal '' be- 
longs to me ?" 

" Don't you think that, when he sees us two ; you, 
with your streng, straight'*'^ limbs,'^ which Allah has 
given you for the purpose ' * oi Walking, and I with 
my weak''^ legs''-' and distracted^^ feet, he will decree^^ 
that the horse shall belong to him who has most need 
of him?^'s^ 

9. "Should he do so, he would not be ihejust cadi," 
Said Bon-Akas. 

" Oh, as to that," ^" replied the cripple, laughing, 
" although^^ he is just, he is not infailiUe.'' ^^ 

The sheik was greatly surprised.^*^ "But," he 
thought to himself,^' " this will be a capital opportun- 
ity^^ of judgiug^^ the judge." Then he said aloud,^*^' 
" I am content,^^ we will go before the cadi." 

10. On arriving ^^ at the tribunal,^^ where the judge, 
according to the Eastern custom,^^ was pubhcly '-'^ ad- 
ministering justice,^'' they found that two trials ^' were 



already in waiting,'-^^ and would, of course,^'-^ be heard 



100 

before theirs. 



11. The first was between a tcdcbj or learned man,^^^ 
and a peasant.^*^^ The pomt in dispute ^-" was the 
taleJ)S wife, whom the peasant claimed ^^^ as his own. 

12. The woman remained ^^'^ obstinately ^^^ silent/^^ 
and would not declare ^'^^ for either ; ^^^ a featui-e ^^^ in 
the case^^^ which rendcred^^- its decision exceedinglj^^^ 
difficult. The judge heard both sides attentivelj,^^* 
reflected^^^ for a moment, and then said, "Leave^^*^ 
the woman here, and return ^^' to-morrow." 

' ^Oif^a^, 2 öl'crfle ©ebieter, ^ o.\^ er crfu!»r, ^ Stämme, ^ ycrtr>attcte, ^ baö 
9tic^tcramt,' '' betrunt-ern^iDürbicT, ^ 9iid)ter|>rü*e fäütc, 'auf eine 3lrt, ^oj^Ay^^ 
tili, ^^ bcfd}Io?, '2 ju iirtf)eilen über, ^^ ay3 eigener Seobadjmng, ^'^ äöa^r^eit, 
'5 @erüd)t, "^ bcmnid), ^^ gefleibet, ^^ 9)riöatpcrfcn, ^^ c^ne, ^'^ Sßaffen, 
21 !I)ienerfd}aft, ^^ machte er fid) auf ben Söeg nad), 23 je^enb, '^^ fanft, ^^ 9?ct}, 
2° bort anc^efommcn, 2- trat er gerabe ein burd>, ^s %i^^x, ^9 Ärüt>pel, so ^j^ 
faffenb, 21 oaum, 22 0en?anb, ^ Sllmofen, ^ hielt immer ncc^ fcft, ^5 jt,^^ 
irtünfdieil bu? ^'^ ®efetv ^^ »aö nur immer, ^s ^gj^^^^^j^^ =^9 friecbenb, *^ ©e=* 
fi}öpf, ^1 baaor bap, ^^ öaf^ id) nid)t fommc unter bie S'ü^e, ^^ ?Kau(efcI, ■" 0e= 
[c^cfjen, ^5 wenn id) ginge über, ^^ gebrängt, ^' 5}krftpla5, ^^ ^.^^^^jj^^^^ff^ 49 ^5^ 
gebaltenwirb, ^'^inbembuläpt, °^ mic^ nieberfe^e|l, ^^ ö)o^(be"^aItcn, ^^ @efd)äfte, 
^ fo fei'^, " ft(^ nicberbeugenb, =^ auf^uileigen, =' ©ad)e, =^ auögefü^rt n^urbe, 
*3 Sc^roieriiifeit, ^^ Da5 fonberbare O^eiterpaar, ^' ^og auf fid), "^ »orbcifam, 
<^3 enblic^, ®* an^u^alten, "^^ üeige ab, ^^'^jvarum? «^ ^u überlaffcn, ^^ wav meinil 
bii bamit ? ^^ geredn, 'o gall, '' Per, '- ^u meinen ©unften, " ^^^ t(,un, 
'^ I^ier, '5 gerabe, •'^ ©lieber, " in ber Slbfidjt, •'* ]&!\üCi6>, "'^ Seine, ^^ jjcr^ 
früppelt, 81 entfdjcibcn, *^ eö am meii^en ni)tbig I»at, ^^ iray baö bctrifTt, ^^ ob^ 
fi^cn, ^ unfef)(bar, «^^ f)öd)il erilaunt, *^ er badire bei fid> ^^ eine pradnige ©e^ 
Icgen^eit, *' ju prüfen, ^^ laut, »^ aufrieben, s- angelangt, ^^ 0{id,terftuM/'^nad) 
crientalifd^er SDeifc, ^^ öffentlich, ^ g^tedU fpradv ^' gjro^effe, '^ bcrcit^J 
Porlagen, ^^ natürlicb, '^öorfommen würben, ^01 ©e'iebrter, i*>"-?g3yer, 103 ^ er 
flreittge 5)unft, ^^ beanfprucbte, ^^'-^ blieb, ^«-^ cigenfinnig, ^^' ftill, ^^s fj^^ 
nid>t erflären, ^^^ für Ginen i>cn Seiben, "*' Urnftanb, ^'^ ?valf, ^'^ jnadne, 
^'3 aupcrorbentlid;, ^^ aufmerffam, ^^^ ba^te nad), ^^^ laffet, ^^* fommt lieber. 



Scfc^üd 2. 

THE CADI'S DECISIONS. (^ortfet^ung.) 

1. The learned man and the laborer ^ each bowed/ 
and retii'ed ; ^ and the next cause ^ was called.^ This 
was a difference ^ bet-sveen '' a butcher ^ and an oil- 
seller.^ The latter ^° appeared^^ covered^^ with eil, 
and the former ^^ was sprinkled ^- '^dth blood. 



50 Se!)r6ud) ttr cußiifd}cu Sprad)e, 

2. The butclier spoke first, ancl said : " I went to 
buy ^^ some oil from this man, ancl, in order to '^^ pay 
him for it,^' I drew ^^ a handful of money from my 
purse. The sight ^^ of the money tempted ^^ him. He 
seized me by the wrist.^^ I cried out, but he woiild 
not let me go ; and here we are, having come before 
your worship,^' I holding my money in my hand, and 
he still grasping ^^ my wrist. Now, I assert ^^ that this 
man is a Har,^^ when he says that I stole his money ; 
for the money is tnily ^^ mine own." ^^ 

3. Then spoke the oü-merchant : 

" This mau came to purchase ^^ oil from me. When 
his bottle was filled,^^ he said, ' Have you change ^° for 
a piece of gold ? ' "^ I searched ^^ my pocket, and drew 
out "^ a handful of money, which I laid ^^ on a bench "^ 
in my shop.^° He seized it, and was Walking off ^' with 
my money and my oil, when I caught "^ him by the 
wrist, and cried out, 'Kobber I ' " ^9 

4. " In spite of my cries, however,'^^ he would not 
sun-ender ^'^ the money ; so ^^ I brought him here, that 
your worship might decide the case. Now, I assert 
that this man is a har, when he says that I want to 
steal his money ; for it is truly mine own." 

5. The cacti caused^^ each man to repeat^^ his 
story,^^ but neither '^'^ varied^^ one jot'^^ from his orig- 
inale-^ statement.^^ He reflected for a moment, and 
then said, " Leaye the money with me, and return to- 
mon'ow." 

6. The butcher placed ^^ the coins,^^ which he had 
never let go,^-^ on the edge ^ of the cadi's mantle. After 
which,^^ he and his Opponent ^'^ bowed to the tribunal, 
and departed. 

It was now the turn ^' of Bou-Akas and the cripple. 

7. " My lord cadi," said the former, " I came hither^^ 
from a distant ^^ country, with the Intention ^^ of pur- 
chasing merchandise.*^^ At the city gate I met ^^ this 
cripple, who first ^^ asked for alms, and then prayed ^^ 
me to allow ^^ him to ride behind me through the 
streets, lest ^^ he should be trodden down in the crowd. 



8. " I coüsentecl, - ' bnt, wlien we reacliGcl tlie market- 
place, he refusecl '^^ to get clown, asserting ^-^ tliat my 
horse belonged to liim, and that your worship would 
STirely adjudge '^ it to Lim wlio wanted '^ it mosfc. 
That, my lord cadi, is precisely '' the state of tliis 
case." '^ 

9. " My lord," said the cripple, " as I was commg 
on business to the market, and riding this horse, which 
belongs to me, I saw this man seated '^ by the road- 
side,'^ apparently '*^ half dead from fatigue.'' I kindly 
offered '^ to take him up behind me, and let him ride 
as far as the market-place,'^ and he eagerly ^^ thanked 
me. 

10. " But what was my astonishment,^'^ when, on 
onr arrival/^ he refused to get down, and said that my 
horse was his. I immediately "" reqnired ^^ him to ap- 
poar before your worship, in order tliafc ^^ you might 
decide between us. That is the true state ^^ of the 
case." 

11. Haying made each repeat ''^' his statement, and 
having reflected for a moment, the cadi said, " Leave 
the liorse here, and return to-morrow." 

It was done,^^ and Bou-Akas and the cripple with- 
drew ^■^ in different directions.^^ 

1 5trkUer, ■ ijerl^eu^tcn fu-f) Seite, ^ traten al^ "^ daU, ^ iriirbe aufacntfcn, 
6 (Streit, Mmi'c^en, »'^kifi^cr, ^ Dcl^änblcr, ^^^ ßeftcrer, ^i trat »or, ^'M^e^ 
fd)micrt, ^^ Grfterer, ^^ bt]mn, ^^ ic^ Um um -^u faufen, ^'^ um— ;u, ^' bafür, 
^8 ^oc( id^, ^3 5tnMicf, 20 i^ü()rte iön in S>erfud)uno!f ^^ ^panbgctenf, -^ ßl^rtüürben, 
23 feft^al'tenb, 24 (,e(y.^upte tij,, 2^\>üt3uer, ^'i j^jafir^aftig, 27 i^i^ij^ q- jgej^t^um, 28 ..j 
faufen, 23nefüat, so^ieinge'lb, ^i ©clbftücf, 22 htr*iud)tc, sa^og^^^r^cr, s-iiecutc, 
3^ 23anf, "=*= Öaben, 3i j^ar im Segriff bälgen ^u gcbeu, ^s crgrirr. -^ Ü^äukr, 
4ö iebodv *^ krauögekn, ^- ^tiromn, ^ lief', *^ n^ieberbclen, ^' @ei*id)tc, 
« feiner öcn Seiben, '*" m^ alv ^^ ein Sitel^cn, ^^ anfänglich, ^° 3lucMage, 
" legte, '- Mm]in, ^^ »elc&e er leinen Slugenblicf loögelaffen ^atte, =^ Saum, 
^5 1)ierauf, '^'^ ©egncr, '=' bie JHei^e war je|t an, =^ I)ier^cr, ^^ fern, ^'^ ^^tjicbt, 
61 ©aaren, ^^ begegnete i*, ^^ mx\\, '^hat, ^^ erlauben, •'^ bamit m*t, ^ ' roU- 
tigte ein, «^^ j^eigerte er ficb, «Mnbem er behauptete, 'o ^uerfennen, '^beburfe, 
"'^ ganj genau, '^ SaÄtage, '-Ti^enb, ''am aBege, '^ anfcbeinenb, " »or (Ermat- 
tung, '* bot ibm freunbü* an, "^ biö ^um 2)larftpla^, ''^ innig, ^i (vrftaunen, 
82 bei unferer 9tnfunft, §3 fcfort, ^ »erlangte, bap, ^^ bamlt, ^^ ber n?a{)re mx^ 
^alt, ^^nac^bem er einen Sebcn batte juieber^cten taffcn, ^^e^ gefd)a^, ^^ entfern^ 
ten fic^; ^° na^ i>erfd}iebenen 9^ii-{)tungen. 



52 M)xinid) tcv enaU[cl)en (Eprad)c. 

Scfcftücf 3. 

THE CADI'S DECISIOXS. (3d}IuO.) 

1. On the moiTow/ a number of persons besides^ 
those immecliately ^ interestecl ^ iu the trials ^ assem- 
ble J '^ to hear the judge's decisions. The tcdeh and the 
peasant were called first. 

2. "Take away''' thy wife," said the cadi to the 
former, "and keep ^ her." Then, tumiag^ toward ^^ 
an officer/^ he added/^ pointing^'^ to the peasant, 
"Give this man fifty blows." ^^ He was instantly 
obeyed,^^ and the taleb led ^^ away his wife. 

3. Then came forward the oü-merchant and the 
butcher. " Here," said the cadi to the butcher, " is 
thy money; it is truly thine, and not his." Then, 
pointing to the oil-merchant, ho said to his officer, 
" Give this man fifty blows." 

4. It was done,^' and the butcher went away in tri- 
umph with his money. The third cause was then 
called, and Bou-Akas and the cripple came forward. 

" Wonldst thou recognize '^'^ thy horse among twenty 
others ? " said the judge to Bou-Akas. 

5. '• Yes, my lord." 
"And thou?" 

" Gertainly, my lord," replied the cripple. 
" Folio w me," said the cadi to Bou-Akas. 

6. They entered ^^ a large stable,-^ and Bou-Akas 
pointed out ~^ his horse among ^'^ the twenty which were 
standing side by side."^ 

" 'Tis well," said the judge. " Ketum now to the. 
tribunal, and send me thine adversary ^^ hither." ^^ 

7. The disguised ^''^ sheik obeyed, delivered-' his 
message,'"^ and the cripple hastened ^'^ to the stable, as 
quickly ^^ as his distorted limbs ^^ could carry ^' him. 
He had quick eyes,^=^ and a good memory,^^ so that he 
was able,^^ without the slightest hesitation,"^ to place ""^ 
his hand on the right animal. 

8. "'Tis well," said the cadi; "retum to the tri- 
bunal." 



Xa^ ÖCßcmrärtiße ßcttwort. 53 

His Tvorship resumed "^ liis place, and wlien the crip- 
ple arrived, judgment was pronoTinced/^ " Tlie liorse 
is thine," said the cadi to Bou-Akas. " Go to tbe sta- 
ble, and take ^° liim." Then, turning to the officer, he 
Said, " Give this cripple fifty blows." It was done, 
and Bou-Akas went to take his horse. 

9. When the cadi, after concluding^^ the business of 
the daj,^' was retiring ^^ to his house, he found Bou- 
Akas waiting for^^ him. "Art thoii then discon- 
tented^^ with my award?"""^ asked the judge. 

10. "No, quite the contrary," ^^ repUed the sheik. 
" But I want to ask by what means ^^ thou hast ren- 
dered justice ; ^^ for I doubt ^^ not that the other two 
causes Y/ere decided ^^ as correctly ^^ as mine. I am 
not a merchant ; I am Bou-Akas, Sheik of Algeria, 
and I wanted to judge for myseK of thy reported ^^ 
wisdom." 

11. The cadi bowed^^ to the ground,^'^ and kissed 
his master's hand. 

" I am anxious," ^^^ said Bou-Akas, " to know the 
reasons ^' which determined ^^ your three decisions." 

"Nothing, my lord, can be more simple. Tour 
Highness saw that I detained,^^ for a night, the three 
things in disj^ute ?" '^^ 

" I did." 

12. " Well, early in the morning I caused the woman 
to be called,*^^ and I said to her suddenly,^"^ " Put ^^ 
fresh ink ^- in my inkstand. " ^^ Like a person who 
had done the same thing a hundred times before,*^^ she 
took the bottle, removed " the cotton,*^^ washed them 
both, put in the cotton again, and poured ^^ in fresh 
ink, doing it all '^ with the utmost neatness ' ^ and dex- 
terity.'- 

13. " So I said to myself, ' A peasant's wife would 
know nothing about '" inkstands ; she must belonsr to 
the faleb: " 

" Good," said Bou-Akas, nodding his head/^ " And 
the money ?" 



54 Se^rbuc^ tev cnglifdjcn (c)>vad:)c. 

" Did your Highness remark that tlie mercliant had 
liis clothes and hands covered Yrith '' oil?" 
" Certainly I did." 

14. " Well, I took the money and placed "^ it in a 
vessel filled with water.' ' This morning I looked at 
it, '^ and not a particle of oil '-^ was to be seen ^^ on tlie 
surface ''^ of tlie water. So I said to myself, ' If tliis 
money belonged to the oil-mercliant, it would be 
greasy,^' from the touch ^" of bis bands ; as it is not 
so, the hutcliers story must be true.' " 

15. Bou-Akas nodded^^ in token^^ of ai)proval.^° 
" Good," said he. " i^nd my horse ?" 

" Ah ! that was a different bnsiness ;^' and imiil this 
morning I was greatly pnzzled." '^^ 

" The cripple, I suppose, did not recosmize tho ani- 
mal?"' 

" On the contrary, he pointed him out immediately." 

'' How, then, did you discover ^^ that he was not the 
owner ?" '-^^ 

16. " My object ^^ in bringing you °-^ separately ^^ to 
the stable was, not to see if you would know the horse, 
but if the horse would know you. Now, when you 
approached him,^^ the creature ^^ turned '^"^ toward you, 
laid back his ears,'^' and neighed'^ with dehght '/^ but 
when the cripple touched^*^^ him, he kicked.^*^^ Then 
I knew you were truly his master." 

17. Bou-Akas thought'^'^ for a moment, and then 
said, " Allah has given theo great wisdom. Thou 
oughtest ^^'" to be in my place, and I in thine. But I 
fear I could not fill ^'^^ thy place as cadi !" 

^ am nä(^|len COicrgen, " auger, ^ unmittelbar, * Sct^ciligtc, ^ ©eric^tö^SJcr;: 
(>anblunt(en,''^»crfammdtcnri(^, 'fü^«^tnroe{t, * te^alte, ^ jid) u^cnbenb, ^^ gefeit 
einen, "^©eri^tci^icncr, '"^fctne er f^ir^u, 'Mubcm er geigte auf, ^■'^^iebc, ^'"i^aw 
(^c^ürd)te i^m augenblicf lid> '^ füf^rtc, '^ e3 gcf^a^, ^- wtebererfennen, ^^ traten ein, 
20 Statt, 21 f^n'c, ^crau^, ^^^ unter, '^^ bie neben einanber ftanben, ^ ©egner, 
25 1)ier^er, 20 scrflcibct, •" richtete au5, ^s Sotfc^aft, 29 eute, 20 fp fii>nctt, 
31 ©lieber, -• tragen, ^^ fdnnfc^ 5Iuge, ^ ®ebäd)tniH, "'= fo bag er im Staube 
trtar, ^^ ebne ba5 nünbejle äögern, ^' legen, ^s ^abm n?icber ein, ^^ tourbe baö 
Urt^cit gcfättt, ^ ^ole, ^^ nac^ SSeenbigung, ^ Sageßgefc^äfte, ^ im SÖcgriff 
n^ar ficb ^urücf zubegeben, " ' ' 



^aitpta^crt. ©cfd)(ed}L 



55 



im G3cßeutr}ci(, ^^ wcburc^ (cß bir m'6ci,Vi(f) war), ^^ 9?ed)t ju fprcd^en, -^ ic^ 
jTOciflc, ^' entfd)icbcQ, ^- ricf>ttii, ^^ hrübmt, ^•^ öerncu^te ftii, ^^ Scben, ^'^ hi.-' 
cticrig, ^^ ©rünbc, ^^ kftimmtcn, ^^ ^urücf be^nclt, '^'^ bie brci flrcitigen ©cöcn^ 
jiänbc, ^^ Uc^ id) bic grau rufen, '^- pUH^lidv »'^^ ßie§e, '^'^ 2)inte, **'^ Dimenöc^ 
fd)irr, ^^ pöor, "^^ entfernte, ''^ Saumrcclle, ^^ gcp, '" unb t{)at bicß 5llicvv 
■" mit äu^ertlcr ©auBcrfcit, '^ 0eiranbt)cit, '^^ üon, '^ mit bcm |)aupte nidenb, 
'''^ »üU öon, ""^ tCiat ti Inncin, '''' tu ein mit SBaiTcr angefüllte^ 0cfa|l, '* fal) id) 
nad}, ''9 Deltkildjem '^^ wat ju fe()cn, ^' Dkrflad)c, *- fcttia, ^^ sßcrüliruno, 
^ nidte, ^^ jum 3eid}en, ^^ Snftimmunf^, *>' eine (^an'^ anbcre ^aä)t, ^' febr in 
SJcrletjenljeit, ^^ entbedte|l bu, ^o Gioicntfjümcr, ^' 3n)erf, ^- inbem id> cuä) bradte, 
^2 einzeln, '■'^ aU bu bid) iöm nä^crtc|l, ^^ 2^ncr, '^'^ manbtc, ^' legte bie Cbrcu 
jiurüd, ^^ iDicßevte, ^^ öcr ^^rcubcn, '^° anrülnlc, ^^' fdjluß ev a\xi, '^'•^ faun 
nad), 103 jjii j-^mq-j^ lo-i auffüllen» 



Cefitioii X. 

lieben (Sci^icdyt^ vmn inänniiäyciu 



fBoxitXi^cx]tiä}m\i, 



liusband, ^antt (Seemann). 

brotlier-in-law, Sd^mvtßcr. 

wife, %van (^befrau), 

sister-in-law, (Bd^mäcjcrin. 

cock, ipabit. 

to crow, !räl)en, 

hen, .^enne, 

to cackle, gadern» 

horse, mdttn(tde5 ^^ferb(.^enoift). 

mare, »eibUd}e>3 fjcvl (^tutc). 

s table, Stall, 

occupation, (Scfdaft, 

actor, (Bd^viufpiclcr» 

actress, @d)aufpiclerln» 

diel you read? l;akn Sic j^c^ 

lefen ? 
pilot, Sootfe. 
to save, retten, 
at tbe peril of her life, mit 

®efa()r il)reö Seben>?. 
truly, in ber Zt)<[L 



beroine, .^clbin. 

may be, fvinn fein. 

lion, Söwe. 

man-servant, Xtcner. 

maid-servant, 'lOkßb, 

Cook, ^o6.\ ^od'in. 

canary, Äattavien^ooßel. 

male, 9}ianndcn. 

female, 5^1>cibc{Hnt, 

male department, «Jlnciben:? 

Haffe. 
female department, ^[Rarden- 

flaffe. 
are p>resided over, njevben ö^- 

leitet ijott. 
about, iingcfaf^r, 
teacher, l^e^rer (männlid) unt) 

n?eiblid)_. 
public, effcntlid. 
the rest, tic übriijen. 



56 Se^rbud) bcr englt)'d)eu !3prad)e» 

HcButig§5§(ttfgttBc 1. 

Mj sister's liusband is mj brother-in-law, and mj 
brotlier's wife is my sister-in-law. I have two brothers- 
iü-law and three sisters-in-law. My -wife's mother is 
my motlier-in-law and lier liusband is my fatlier-in-law. 
The crown-prince of Prussia is Queen Victoria's son- 
iii-law. Queen Yictoria's daughter is King William I. 
daughter-in-law. King William I. is Emperor of Ger- 
many ; liis wife, Augusta, is tlie empress. The cock 
crows, the hen cackles. Our dog is old ; we like him. 
There are two horses and one mare in our stable. Is 
not this a beautiful horse ? he is seven years old. 
What is this man's occupation? He is an actor, and 
Ins wife is an actress. Did you read of the pilot's 
daughter who saved many people at the peril of her 
life ? She was truly a heroine. A boy may be a hero 
and a girl a heroine. There is a lion and a lioness in 
the Central Park. My aunt has one man-servant and 
two maid-servants. Our cook is sick ; she has a very 
bad cold. I have two canaries, a male and a female. 
The male bird is a year old and the female bird two. 
The male and female department of each school are 
presided over by a principal. The principal of the 
male department is a gentleman, and the principal of 
the female department is a lady. There are about 
three thonsand teachers in the public schools of New 
York. More than two thousand of them are lady- 
teachers, the rest are male teachers. 

%xavi, woman, wife. ^önigtn^ queen. 

5imcri!anerin, American. ?}^agt>, maid-servant. 
I)aft tit gefannt ? did you know ? rcinliii, cleanly. 

Sd^tDager, brother-in-law. Swo^i^r, youth. 

(bcbrcäijcrin, sister-in-law. aucii<^^^eid>nct, excellent. 

(^rc^cltern, grand-pareuts. 5}tu[ifiel>rcr, music-te acher. 

am Scbcn, alive. (Soinponift, composer. 
(Scütriegerfo^n, son-in-lav/. 



^auptitJüit (55c)'d)(cd)t 57 

^ianor^ßirtuofm, performer on ^crr, gentleman. 

the piano. Xa\m, lady. 

ncil}m, took. 33efannte, acquaintances. 

Unterriitt, instriiction. ßanreicutc, countrymen. 

9)tnf{f(c{)rerin, lady-teaclier of i^on xin^, of ours. 

music. £antvmannin,counti7-woman. 

ein n(^6orner £eutf(^cr, a native i>Dn mir, of mine. 

of Germany. 

Xk grau metneö 53ruberö ift eine ^Imerifanertn* ^aft cu 
meinen (^dnt^ager c^efannt? 3d) f)a6e teinen Sd)tt?aöer unb 
betne 3d)ivägenn'gefannt, 3}kine G5ro^citern, ©rcf^öater 
unb G3ro|mutter, fiiit) Mtt nod) am ?eben. Xcv ^>rin:^ 5^on 
SBaleö ift ber (2c^megerfct)n beö Äi3nigö öonXäncmarf; 
feine grau ift ba^er bte (S^mießertcd)ter ber Äcnigin i?on 
(vn.qlanb, llnfere 2)^ac^b ift fei)r reinlid) nnb fleijjicj. 3d) 
l)atte in metner Sugenb auC^ße^eid)nete M)vcv. WUin 3i)iuftf^ 
Iel;rer irar tin großer dcmponift; feine S^ccMer ii^ar eine 
l^roge $iano^33irtuofm* 3}kine Sdni^efler na[)m Unterrid)t 
bei einer ^htfiflef)rerin» llnfere DIadVbartn ift eine greunbin 
beiner lOhitter; i!)r 2i)Mnn ift tin öetcrner XeutfdHT. Xk 
Ferren unb 3^amen, bie I)eute 5(benb fommen, ftnb alle alte 
53cfannte unb ?anbC4eute '^on mv^. Xk grau, 'ck geftern 
mit i;^rem T^tanne bei mir ii^ar, ift mit ^anbomännin i^on 
mir. 

THE STORY OF C.VN AND COULD (tic ©cfd;id}te ijon ,,Äami" 
unb ,, könnte")' 

1. Once upon a time ^ Coiäd v^ent out to take a 
walk ^ on a winter's morning. He was ver j mncli out 
of spirits,^ and he was made more so^ by the neces- 
sity ^ under which he found himself,*^ of frequently • 
repeating ^ his own name. " Oh, if I could," and *' Oh, 
if Iwere rieh and great, for then I coidd do so and so." 

2. About ^ the tenth time ^^ that he said this, Can 



58 ^c!)rl)ud) ter cnglifc^eii (Sprad;e. 

oiDened tlie cloor of her liumble ^^ dwelling,^^ and set 
out ^^ on an errand.^^ She went down ^^ a back streefc/^' 
and tlirough a poor^^ neighborliood.^^ She was not 
at all ^^ a grand ^'^ personage,-^ nor -^ was she so well 
dressed,'^ or so well lodged,^^ or so Yv^ell edncated ^^ as 
Could. In fact,^*^ she w^as altogether ^' more humble,^^ 
both in her own esteem ^^ and in that of others. She 
y/enton^^ neither^^ sauntering^^ nor"" loohing about 
her,^^ for she w^as in a hurrj.^^ 

3. All on a sudden,"*^ however,^^ this busy^^ little 
Can stopped/^ and picked up'^^ a piece of orange- 
peel.^^ " A dangerons "^^ trick,"^^ she observed/^ " to 
throw orange-peel about/^ particularlj ^'" in frostj 
w^eather,^^ and in such crowded ^^ streets;"' and she 
bustled on ^^ tili she overtook ^^ a group ^^ of little 
children who were scattering ^^ it very freely.^" They 
had been buying ^^ oranges at a fruit-stand,^-' and were 
eating them as they went along. 

4. " Well, it's little enough^^ that Jean do," thought 
Can, " but certainly I can^' speak to these children 
and try ^"^ to persuade ^^ them to leave off ^^ strewing " 
orange-peel." 

5. Can stopped. ** That's a pretty baby ^^ that you 
have in your arms," she said to onc of them ; " how 
old is he ?" 

6. *' He is fourteen months old," answered the little 
nurse,^^ " and he begms to walk. I teach him. He's 
my brother." 

7. " Poor little fellow," ^^ said Can ; " I hope you are 
Jcind to ^^ him. You know, if you were to let him 
fall,^*^ he might never be able to walk any more." ^' 

" I never let him droj^," ^^ rephed the child ; " I al- 
ways take care ^^ of the baby." 

8. "And so do I,"'*^ "And so do I," repeated'^ 
other shrill'^ voices ; '" and two more'^ babies were 
thrusfc up '''^ for Can's inspection.'''^ 

9. But if you were to slip down yourselves,'^ on this 
hard pavement,'^ you would be hurt ; ''"^ and the baby 
would be hurt in your arms. Look ! ^° how can you 



.^auptroort» öcfc^(cd)L 59 

be so careless^^ as to tlirow all tliis peel about ? Don'i; 
you See Low slippery ^^ it is ?" 

10. " We always tiing ^" it down," said one. "And I 
never slipped down but once ^^ on a piece," remarked 
another. 

" Bnt was not tliat once too often ?" 
" Yes. I grazed ^^ my arm very badly,^^ and broke'^' 
a Clip ^"^^ tbat I was carrying." ^'-^ 

11. " Well, now, suppose '-'^ you pick up all the peel 
you can find ; and to the one '^^ who finds most, when 
I come back, I will give a penny." Tliey said tliey 
would do this, and setting about it '^^ yery cheerfully,''^ 
promised^* tliat they would never commit ^^ this fault ^^ 
again. 

12. Can then went on; and it is a remarkable ^ ' cir- 
cumstance that, just at that Tery moment,^*^ as Could 
was Walking in quite ^-^ a different part of the city, he 
also came to a piece of orange-peel whicli was lying in 
his path.i*^o 

13. " What a shame !" ^^^ he said, as he passed on. 
" What a disgrace ^^^ it is to the city, that this prac- 
tice ^^"^ of sowing seed,^*^^ which Springs up ^^^ into 
broken bones/^*^ cannot be punished!^^' There is 
never ^^^ a winter that one or more accidents ^^'^ does 
not arise '^^^ from it ! If / could only put a stop to it,^^^ 
how glad ^^^ I should be ! If I had the power "^ — " 

14. " By your leave,^^^ sir," said a tall, streng man, 
with a heavy basket^^^ of coaP^*^ on his Shoulders. 

15. Could, ctepping aside,^^' permitted the coal- 
carrier to pass him.^^^ "Yes," he continued,^^'-^ " if I 
had the power, I would punish everybody who throws 
orange-peel on the side-walk."^^^ The noise ^~^ of a 
heavy fall, and the rushing down ^~^ as of a great 
shower of stones,^-^ made Could turn hastily around.^"^^ 
The coal-canier had fallen on the pavement, and the 
coal lay in heaps^'^ around his head. SeveraP^*^ 
people ^^' ran to him, and some v/ere trying to raise ^'^ 
him. Could v/ent near ^'"^ enough to see that the man 
was stunned ^'^^ and he also observed that a piece 



60 ^c^rbud) bcr encjlifc^en ©pradje. 

of orange-peel was adliering ^^^ to the sole of liis 

16. " How sadl" ^"^ saicl Coulcl, as lie j)assed along. 
" Now here is the bitter result ^^^ of this abuse.^^^ If 
7 liad beeil in autliorit j/"*^ I could liave prevented^^' 
tliis. Poor fellow ! he is badly hurt/"^ and has a 
broken hmb ;^^^ he is lamed/^^ perhaps for life. What 
the poet ^^^ says may be tnie enough : 

' Of all the ills ^^ tliat human kind ^^^ endiire,'^* 
Small is the part which laws ^"^^ can cause ^^^ or eure.' ^^' 

" And yet I think I could frame ^^^ a law that wonld 
prevent ^'^'^ such accidents, or, at least/'^^ that would 
punish the peoplö Y/ho cause them." 

^ cinflmaia, - trat einen (cpajtcroanj an, ^ er trar &ci fe^r fcf»Ied>ter Saune, 
^ iDurbe ti ncd) incl;r, ^ 5iot^n)cnbigfcit, ^ in ber er fid) kfanb, ' l^aufig, ** ju 
iT3ieberf)olen, ** et\r>a, ^^^ "^d^ je^nte 5}Jal, ^^ Befd)eiben, ^'^Söc^nung, ^^ ö^ng au^3, 
'■* ®eit»erk, ^^ I)inab, i*^ ©eitengaffe, ^" ärmlic^, ^^ 9Zac^barf(^aft, ^^ ganj unb 
gar, ^^ iDic^ttg, ^i g,>erfünnd)fcit, 2- auc^ ntd)t, ^s gyf gefleibct, 24 j^p^ njcbnte 
\[t fo pt, ^sgebilbct, '-^"in ber 3:^at, ^v in jeber Se^ie^img, ^s bcmüt^tger, ^9 tu 
i[)rer eigenen ^d)ät^ung, "° tf)rcö äBeg^v ^^ ii^cber, 22 [(^lenbernb, 23 j^ocb, 24 yjjt 
fid) I^liif enb, ^^ in (£ilc, 26 auf einmal, ^' jebcd), ^s gef^aftig, 20 i,neb flilltle^cn, 
^" ^ol) auf, ^' Crangenfd}alc, ^-2 gcfäl)rli*, "^'^ Streidv ^ I)cmerfte fic, ^^ unit^er^ 
jutrerfen, ^^ ^umal, ^' ^^roftii^etter, ■** beleH, ^^ tri^^pelte jrciter, '^ einholte, 
°i (5d)aar, ^^ umt^erftreuten, ^^ fvci, '"^ fic Intttcn gefauft, ^^ f^rud)tbubc. ^"^ ji^enig 
genug, °^ aBer ic^ fann bcd), ^^ i?crfud)cn, ^^ üBerreben, "^^ unterlaffen, " ftreuen, 
t^^^ pbf^eö fleincö Äinb, »^^ Söärtcrin, '^^ Äerl, ^^ gut gegen, *^'^ tpenn bu itin 
faden licBe)!, " fo fi3nnte er vneUeid)t nie n^ieber ge'^en, •*« id) laffe fallen, ^^ \ä) 
gebe immer gut ^&}l, "'^ td) aud», "'^ mcberl)Dlten, '^ f)elf, '^^ (gtimmen, ''^ nod) 
jwet me^r, '^ emporgeflogen, " Sefic^tigung, '''wenn i^r felbf^_ nicberfielet, 
'» 9)flafter, ''^ fo würbet iör euc^ föel) t^un, ^" febt I)er ! ^^ Icic^tfinnig, ^- fd)Iüpf^ 
rig, ''^ werfen, ^^ einmal aufgenommen, ^^ id) ^abe gefd)unben, ^^ fd^limm, 
^^ jerbrad), ^ 2;affe, ''^ ic^ trug, ^'^ wie wäre e^, wenn, ^^^ bemjenigen, ^^ an'ö 
SBerf ge^enb, ^^ munter, ^^ s^crfprad)cn, ^^ begeben, ^^ ^^eblcr, ^'' mcrfwürbig, 
ö^ in bem nämlid}en 5lugenMid, -^ ging, ^^^ 9Jfab, ^^^ welche (£d\uibe ! 
w^o^mad), io3@ewo^n^eit, i^-i ©amen ^u fäcn, ^^^ aufgebt, ^o«j^nocben, >"' bc- 
[traft werben, ^"Scö gibt nie, ^oUtngUicfiJfdlle, '^0 entftcbcn, ^-^ wenn i* bem nur 
einen 9tiegel öorfd)ieben fönnte, ^^^^frob, ^^^ sjj^adn, "■* mitSbrer Grlaubnin, 
''^torb, ^^^Äoblen, ^^U^ei (Seite tretenb, "s \[^^ j>cn iic()lenträger ijcrbcigcbcn, 
"3 fu^rer fort, ^-^ Jrottoir, ^^i ©eräufd), ^2- |)cruntertoltern, ^'" (rteinfd^auer, 
^24 lie^ bamg umbreben, ^^5 Raufen, ^^'^ mebrere, ^^' 2eute, ^-^ oufjubcben, 
^29 nabe,' i^o "t^ctäubt, ' ^^i t^ing, 132 ©c^u^fo^le, '23 beflagenöwertb, ^'^ i5Tud)t, 
'35 Unfug, ^^"^ wenn idi ^u befcbten gebabt bätte, ^'^'' id) $ätte ijerf)inbern tonnen, 
138 fc^limm »erlebt, ^^s ©Ucb, '^ gelät)mt, ^'^^ 3Did)ter, '^ Hebel, '-^^ fcaö 2)?en^ 
fd)engefAle^t, ^^ erbulbet, ^'^^ ©efet^e, ^^^ jjerurfad)en, "^ l^eilen, ^^ einrid)ten, 
'•^^ i)erl)inbern, ^^ wenigfien^. 



§aupta^ovt @ci'd)(ccl)t 61 

Öcfcftutf 2. 

THE STORY OF CAX AND COULD. (Sdjlup.) 

1. Coulcl soon got ^ into an omnibus, and as lie was 
riding along ~ lie was thinking of ^ how mucli good lie 
conld do, ir he only Lad tlie means/ '^ Now there," 
Said ho to himself, " is a * Home for Consumptive 
Pafcients.' ^ "Whafc a fine building/ and pleasant 
grounds ! '^ How I would hke to be ^ the fonnder ^ of 
such, a noble Institution, if I only had the means. But 
it is mj lot ^^ to sigh ^^ over the troubles ^^ of man- 
kind,^^ Tvithout being able ^^ to relieve ^^ them ; for, 
alas ! with only small ^^ means, I can do no more than 
provide ^' for my oiun wants.^*^ I cannot gratify ^'^ my 
benevolent ^^ wishes ; but how willingly ^^ I would, if 1 
could." 

2. The omnibus stopped,^^ and a pale-faced ^^ man, 
in clean working-clothes,^^ inquired^^ if there was a 
seat inside.-*^ 

" No, there is not one," said the conductor, as he 
looked in. Most of the passengers were women. 

"Would any gentleman," he asked, " Hke to go out- 
side?"^^^ 

3. " Like !" thought Could^ with a laugh.^^ a ^^^^ 
would like to ride outside in such a wind as this ! 
Thank Heaven,^^ I never take cold,^^ but I don't want 
a blast ^^ Kk^ this to air ^ ' the Kning ^^ of my waistcoat,"^ 
and chill^^ the very Shillings ^'^ in my pocket !" 

4. " Becausa," "' continued the conductor, " if any 
gentleman would hke to go outside, here is a person 
who has been ill,^^ and would be very glad of ^^ a place 
within." No answer came from within. 

5. " I must ride outside, then," said the man, " for 
I have not much time for waiting." ^° So he got up 
with the driver,^^ and as the omnibus rumbled on,^^ a 
hollow^^ cough,^^ now and then,^^ was heard^° from 
the sick man, which told ^' very plainly ^^ that he ^^ 
was not likely ^'^ to trouble '^^ any one long. 

6. After telling you^^ so much about Couldy bis 

4 



62 Se^rbud) ter euglif^eu <Bpxad)C* 

kind^^ wishes, and grand^" projects, and regrets^^ that 
he could not do some great good,^^ I am almost 
ashamed ^"^ to mention ^^ Ccm to you again. However,^^ 
I think I will yenture/^ though, poor little thing, her 
hopes and wishes are yery humble, and she scarcelj ^^ 
knows what a 2^'^^Qject means.*^^ 

7. So you must know that, having finished ^^ most 
of her business, she entered ^^ a shop ^' to purchase ^'^ 
something for her dinner ; ^^ and while she waited to be 
served ^^ a child entered, carrying ^^ a basket much too 
heavy for her strength,^^ and having a shawl folded '^ 
ii2:)on her arm. 

8. " What havo you in your basket ?" asked Can. 
" Potatoes for dinner," said the child. 

" It is yery heavy for you," remarked Can, observ- 
ing "" ^ how she bent ^^ under the weight ''^ of it. 

9. " Mother is ill, and there is nobody to go '^^ to the 
shop but me," ''^ replied the child, setting down '•'^ the 
basket, and blowing '' * her numbed ^^ fingers. 

" No wonder you are cold," said Can ; *' why ""^ 
don't you ]3iit your shawl on,'^^ instead of ^^ cari'^dng 
it so?'' 

10. '' Ifc's so big," said the child in a piteous voice.^^ 
" Mother pufc a pin ^^ in it, and told me to hold it up ; 
but I can't, the basket's so heavy ; and I trod on it,^" 
and feil down." 

11. " It's enough to give the child her death of 
cold,"^^ said the mistress^^ of the shop, *'to go crawl- 
ing ^^ home in this bitter wind, with nothing on but 
thatthinfrock."^^ 

12. " Come," said Can, *'I think I can tie^^ ^ chüd's 
shawl so as not to throw her down." ^^ So she made^*^ 
the little girl hold out her arms, and drawing '^^ the 
garment ^^ closely ^^ around her, knotted it securely ^^ 
at her back.^^ "'Now, then," she said, having inquired 
where she Hved,^^ " I am going your way, so I can 
help you to carry your basket." 

13. Can and the child went out together, while Could, 
having reached ®^ his comfortable home, sat down be- 



§aupttt?crt ©cfd)(ccl)t. 63 

fore tho firc, and made ^^ a great many reflections ; and 
lie thouglit over^^ a great many projects for doing 
good on a grand scale.^*^^ He made reflections on 
baths/^^ and wasli-liouses, and model lodging-lionses 
for the poor. He made Castles in the air ; ^^'^ and wlien, 
in Imagination/^^ lie liad made a gTeat many people 
liappy, lie feit that a benevolent disposition ^^^ is a 
great blessing/^^ and feil asleep ^^^ by the firc. 

14. Can was too busy to make projects ; slie only 
made two things : when slie had helped to caiTy the 
child's basket, she Idndly made her sick mother's bed, 
and then she went home to make a pudding. 

JEAi>r Ingelow. 



^ flieg, "^ wie er fo ba'^in fu^r, ^ fann er barükr naäj, ^ bie 5)?tttel, ^ Slfi^I 
für (ScbtviubfüAtige, ^ ®ebäube, '' SInlageit, ^lüic gern möchte ic^ fein, ^ @rün=- 
ber, ^'' i^coö, ^^feufjen, ^^ Seiben, ^^ SHenfdi^cit, *■* c{)ne ^u fönnen, '^ abhelfen, 
^•^ gering, '^ forgcn, '^ eigene Scbürfniffe, ^^ kfricbigcn, ^^ a^otiigemcint, 
-' gerne, - Melt an, '^^ Ua$ auöfef)enb, -■* STrBcitCseug, '^^ fragte, -° "brinncn, 
2' braupen auf, ^i Sachen, ^^ bem ^»immel fei 2;anf, "° ic^ erfcilte mid) nie, 
s^ (Sturm, "- auszulüften, "^ Unterfutter, ^ Sßefte, -'=' erfrieren in machen, 
2^ fogar bie <£d)iUinge, ^' »eil, ^^ franf, ^^ fro^ über, •^'^ ',u «warten, ^^ Äutf(i)cr, 
42 ba^nroüte, ^^ i)cf)(, « 5)uilen, ^' öüu Seit ^u 3eit, ^^ Ijörte man, ^7 p crfcn^ 
nen ga^, ^^ fe^r beutlic^, ^^ ba^ er laftig fallen irürbc, ^° n)al)rfd)einli*, ^' nai^== 
bem id) eud) erjaMt (übe, ^- freunblicf», -^ gro^^artig, ^ Allagen, =^ ein grc§eö, 
gutes Söerf, ^'^ fd)cime ic^ mid) kina'^^e, '"'' txtoaljntn, ^^ jcbcdv °^ wagen, 
^0 faum, "Bebeutet, *^^na(^bem fie I^eforgt Ijatte, "trat jTe ein in, ^-^ Saben, 
^'^ fvtufen, ^^ 5]^ittaget)ctt, " InS man |1e bebicnen föürbe, ^^ »elc^eS trug, 
«3 Äraft, ''<' gefaltet, '^ feBcnb, ''^ gebeugt ging, '^ ©erci^t, '■* bcr ge^cn 
fünntc, '^ als icb, ""^ nicberfe|enb, •' puilenb, "^^ erftarrt, '^ n^arum ^ie^jl 
bu nic^t an ? *o flatt ^u, ^^ in fld'gli^em lonc, ^^ otecfnabel, " id) (^ak 
barauf getreten, ^^ cS ifi genug, baS ilinb töbtlid) x,u er!ä(ten, ** (Eigentümerin, 
^^friec^enb, sigjöcfcfrcn, ^Hirtben, ^^ ba^ fie nidit nieberfällt, ^^lieOfie, ^^ jieknb, 
82 Zuä^, 93 ^i^t, 94 flötete |je eö fe|l, ^5 «Rücfen, ^^ ji^clinte, S' alS er erreidjt 
l^atte, "s anfiettte, »^ überbaute, ^^'^ in großartigem gifapilaBe, 'oi ^abcr, 
»02 Suftfd^lcffer, i^^ GtnMlbung, ^^^ ©efimiüng, ^^^ ^egen, ^^j fc^ücf ein. 



64: 



^ti)vln^ ber engUfi^en (Spraye* 



Ce&fioii XI. 



Never mind, no matter, to horroiu, to lencl, to cliance. 



Sßijrtcr5^cr3cit^tti{]. 



clo yoii vrant ? iriüft tit ? 

Sharp, fdHirf. 

blunt, ftumpf* 

to live, mohtcn» 

stoekiug, Strumpf» 

to knit, ftrtcfcn» 

worn-out, abgetragen, 

interesting, tnter ciJant, 

always, immer. 

iustructive, Iel)rrei(^, 

gentleman, ^err* 

to trust, tränen. 

writer, Sd^rifffteüer» 

to live, leben. 

by birth, ijon ®e6urt. 

to intend, kvibficbtigen. 

twoyears ago, i^or ^wei S^i^r^i^» 

subject, ©egenftanD. 

does concern you, gel}t Sic 

not in tbe least, gan^ Xivi^ gar 

nid}tc. 
lazy, fau(. 
sluggard, ^anlpelj. 
the very person, gerate tie 

^erfort, 
to perceive, kmerlen. 
5'onder, jener. 



rook, Äräbe, 

mineral wealth, ÜiJlineralreid^^ 

inexliaustible, unerfd)üpflt(^. 

to rely on, fid} öerlaffen auf, 

once, ebetem. 

to own, befi^en, 

•well, Jüü()L 

to remember, fid) cntfinnen. 

to beg a person's pardon, 

Semanten um Sjetjeibung Ht;? 

ten. 
never mind, fc^atet nid)tö. 
it is no matter, eß ift einerlei. 
I sball not suffer liim to, ic^ 

ivertc nid^t tulten, ta^ er. 
disresj)ectfully, cbrenrül^rig. 
to give tronble, 9)tül)e ma&:tn* 
as to, ii^aö betrifft, 
to depend upon, fid) ijerlajfen 

auf. 
to beg leave, \xm (Erlaulmtjj 

Htten. 
to introduce, ctnmbren. 
I clianced to meet, i^ traf JU:; 

fallig. 
to lend, leiben, 
to borrow, borgen. 



güint)i3rter, (^5 

ltcöung§^5(ufga6c 1. 

Tliis man is mj brotlier ; tliis girl is my sister ; and 
this house is my latlier's (tliat of my fatlier). Do you 
want tliis knife or tliat ? This one is sliarp, but that 
one is blunfc. Where clo tliese people live ? Tliey live 
in Houston Street, ^'liere are tliose stockings tliat I 
liave knitted for you ? They are wom out. Books 
that are interesting are not always instructive. Whose 
dog is this ? It is that of the gentleman whose httle 
daughter goes to our school. A man -^'hom I cannot 
trust is not my friend. Shakespeare, than whom no 
greater writer ever lived, was an Enghshman by bnth. 
I intend to seil the farm (that) I bought two years ago. 
The subject we are speaking of does not in the least 
concern you. Socrates was one of the wisest men that 
ever lived. A man who is always lazy is called a 
sluggard. You are the very person I was thinkiug of. 
The birds whose nest you pereeive in yonder high 
tree are rooks. California, whose mineral wealth is 
inexhaustible, is a State of the United States. Do you 
think he is a man I ean rely on ? I once owned a dog 
whose name was Hector. I well remember the subject 
we were talking about last week. I beg your pardon 
for having broken your umbrella. Never mind ; it was 
an old one. It is no matter what you think about this 
man ; he is a friend of mine, and I shall not suffer him to 
be spoken of disrespectfully. I am afi-aid Joseph wdll 
give you much trouble ; but as to Henry, he wdll be all 
right, you may depend upon. I would beg leave to in- 
troduce this young man to you. I chanced to meet 
him at the theatre. Can you lend me fifty dollars ? 
I am sorry to say no! for I want to borrow some 
money myself. I boiTowed thirty dollars from a fiiend. 
He lent me his umbrella. 



6ß ?cf)rbud) fccr cnglifc^en (SprtJi^e» 

geOen Sic mir, give me. ijerlaumten, to slander. 

IPuIt, desk. Sfiücfen, back. 

liegen, to lie. treten, to tum. 

fenucn, to know. fennen, to be able. 

tort auf ter ^Banf, on yonder Sefd>dftigung, employment. 

bench. inib]ö>, pretty. 

ter fi^t, wlio is sitting. £^ Erringe, ear-rings. 

jufrieteit, contented. ©efc^enf, present. 

kaueben, to need. vorige SSoc^e, last week. 

l^ci^cn, are called. gum ^efucb, on a visit. 

folgen, consequencGS. erMiefen, to see. 

33ctragen, beliavior. Xreieinigfeitsfircbe, Trinity 
umgeben, to associate. ChTii'cli. 

freuntlid\ Mendly. Semerfung, remark. 

gegen, toward. Segug nehmen auf, to refer to. 

©cBen Sie mir jene 53ücl)cr, tie auf meinem $u(te liegen» 
kennen Sie jenen ^Jlann, ter tort auf ter 33anf unter jenem 
grp§en ^aume ft^t? C£c^ j^ibt tüenig ?-eute, tie ^ufrieten finb 
mit tem, iraö fie Ijabtn. C£^5 gibt incle ?eute, tie mebr @elt) 
Ijaben, a(ö fie l^rauc^en ; tiefe ^ei^en 3^eid)e, Xie^ ftnt tie 
folgen teineö fd)le4ten betragenen 2Der einmal ftie^It ift 
ein Xitb. 3^ ö^()e nid)t gern um mit fcld)en, tie freuntlid[) 
fint fo lange fie bei tir ftno ; aber tid) i^erläumten, fobalt tu 
ten cRücfen getrebt l)aft» Xiejcnigen tie arbeiten !i3nnen, 
irerten ba(t feefd^äftigung fincen» 23o baft tu tiefe l^übfc^en 
D^rringe gcfauft? 3d)'l)abeftc nidU gefauft; fie ftnt mx 
@efd)cnf ter Xvime, tie vorige 2I?cd}e bei unö ^5um ^efud) 
war, Xie ^ird^e, wcidK tu am (^nte jener Straße erblicfft, 
^etßt tie Trcieinigfcit6fird)e. Xie ^emerfung, auf tie id) 
^ejug ncl)me, trufrc t^cn teinem Brüter gcmadjt» 

Öcfcftürf 1. 

THE CROWS AND THE WIND-MH^L. A Fable. 

(Die ^rä^en unb bie SßinbmüMe). 

1. It seems there was once a wind-mill — liistory^ 
does not teil us exactly ~ vrliere, andl suppose ^ it is not 



gümvörter. 67 

much matter ^ wliere it was — wliich Tvent round and 
round,^ day af ter daj.^ It did no härm ' to anybody. 
It never knocked anybody down,^ unless ^ he got^^ 
under it, within ^^ reach ^^ of its great arms. What 
if it did Tise the air ! ^^ It did not hurt ^^ the air any, 
for the air was just as good for breathing ^^ after it 
had turned ^*^ the mill, as ifc was before.^^ 

2. But there was a flock ^^ of crows in the neighbor- 
hood/^ that took quite a disHke "^^ to the innocent ~^ 
mill. They said there must be some mi schief about 
itr^ They did not at all hke its actions.-^ The swing- 
ing ^^ of those long arms, for a whole day at a time,^' 
reaUy looked suspicious."" And, besides^' that, it was 
rumored,^^ in the crow-viUage,^'^ that a good-natured"'^ 
crow once went to look at ^^ the wind-mill, and that the 
great thing hit him a knock ^^ with one of its arms, 
and killed him on the spot/^ 

3. Some haK a dozen ^^ of the flock cf crows that 
feit so much alarmed,^^ were talking together at one 
time, when the conversation ^'^ tumed " ' as was gener- 
ally the case,^^ upon the giant^^ mill. After talking a 
while,^^ it was thought best^^ to call'^^ a Council "^^ of 
aU the crows in the country, to see if ^^ some means 
could not be hit upon,"^^ by which ^'^ the dangerous ^^ 
thing could be got rid of."*^ 

4. The meeting ^^ was caUed,^^ and the Council met ^^ 
in a com-field. Such a cawing^'" and chatte ring ^^ was 
never before heard in that neighborhood. They ap- 
pointed ^^ a chairman ^^ — perhaps we ought to say ^"^ a 
chair-cro2ü ^ ' — and other officers,^^ and proceeded^^ to 
business. 

5. As is usual ^^ in public meetings,^^ of this nature,^^ 
there were many difi'erent^^ opinions^^ as to*^^ the 
question, '* What is best to be done ^^ with the wind- 
mill?" Most of the crows thought*^" the wind-mill a 
dangerous thing — a very dangerous thing indeed — but 
then, as to the best mode ^^ of getting rid of it, that 
was not so easy a matter to decide.^^ 

6. There were some crows at the meeting who were 



68 Sel;rbiicl) ter cnöUfc^en (SpradK. 

for going '^ at once ''^ righi '^ over to the "wincl-mill — all 
the crows in a bodj ''" — and destroying '^ the tliing on 
the spot.'"^ In justice '" to the crow-family in gener al,^^ 
however,'^ it ought to be stated,'^ that those who 
talked about this warlike^^ measure^^ were rather 
yoiing.^^ Their feathers were not yet iully grown,^^ 
and they had not seen so much of the world as their 
fathers had. 

7. After there had been much loud talking ^^ all over 
and around ^^ the great elm-tree ^^ where the Council 
was held, one old crow said he had a few questions to 
ask.^'*^ He had a plan to recommend,^^ too — perhaps — 
and perhaps not. It would clepend upon ^^ the answers 
to his questions, whether ^^ he gave any advice ^^ or 
not. 

8. He would beg leave^^ to inquire,^" he said, through 
the chairman, if the wind-mill had ever been known to 
go away^^ from the place ^^ where it was then standing, 
and to chase ^^ crows around the fields, for the pur- 
pose ^' of killing them. 

9. It was decided ^^ that such conduct ^^ on the 
part ^*^^ of the giant had never been heard of. ^^^ 
Even ^^^ the oldest inhabitant,^*^'^ who had heard, from 
his grandfather, the story about the unhappy fate^^^ of 
the crow that perished ^^^ by a blow^"^ fi'om the giant's 
arms, did not remember^^'' to have heard that the ^dnd- 
mill had ever made such warlike visits.^*^^ 

10. "How then," the Speaker wished to know, "was 
that crow killed in old times ? " The answer was, " By 
Yenturing ^^^ too near the mill." 

11. " And is that the only way that any of us are 
likely to get killed by the wind-mill?" "Yes," the 
scare-cToiü '^^^ said, " that is the way, I believe." 

And the crows generally ^^^ nodded ^^^ their heads,^^" 
as much as to say,^^^ " Certainly, of course." ^^^ 

12. " Well, then," said the old crow who asked the 
c[uestions, " let us keep aivay ^^^ from the mill. That 
is all I have to say." 

At this ^^^ the whole Council set up a noisy laugh of 



gümörten G9 

approbation.^^^ The meeting broke up.^^^ The gen- 
eral opinion was that the advice of the last Speaker 
was, on the whole,^^'*^ the safest ^-^ and best that conld 
be given. 

13. There are some thiogs,^- very^ harmless ^'^'^ iu 
themselves,^-^ and very useful too in their proper 
places/^^ that will be very apt ^'^^ to injure ^^' us if we 
go too near them.^^^ In such cases/^^ remember ^"^^ 
the advice of the wise crow, and Iseej) away from the 
mill. 

1 !Dic ©efiiüi^ic, - {tcnait, ° x&) benfe, •* ed liegt ßuc^ ni^t ijiet baran, ^ fid) um 
unb um brcl)te, '^ Zci^ für %aa, "' ^eib, * fd)Iuc5 nieber, ^ irenn . , . . utc^r, 
^o geriet^, ^' innerhalb, >2 sßereic^, ^^ SSaö lag baran n?enn fie auöj bie Suft 
Um^U, ^'^ t^at nidjt mi^, ^^ jum 5(t:^mcu, ^^ nad)bem fie gebrcbt fcatte, ^' a\i 
»or^er, ^^ «Sc^aar, ^^ 9i!a^barfc^aft, ^o ^jq fii^^^ crbentlic^m äDibertritlen faj^^ 
ten, "^1 unft^ulbig, -^ c3 träre irgenb emaS md}t gar, rid-tig baki, ^s 33ejTjcgun^ 
gen, ^4 ScbiDingcn, ^^ fn Sinem fort, 20 iAcrbd*tig, ■' üt^erbic^, ^^ e3 aing ein 
G5erüd)t, "^ i?räf)enborf, ^o gutmütbig, ^^ fid) an^ufe^en, ^^ i^r einen (Bcblag öer=' 
fet-te, ^2 auf bcr Stelle, ^ etwa ein t)aI6eö '3^ut;enb,' ^^ beunrulngt, ^»^ Itntertuil^ 
tung, 3' fic^ breite, ^s jvie baö geirö^nlid) ber t^^iö war, ^o g^icfc, '-^^ nadjbem fie eine 
Söcile gefd}n?a^t hatten, ^^ Mcitman eö für5 Seile, ^ jufammewtirufen, "^sg^atb, 
** ob, ^^ nit^t irgenb ein Wdtki auöfinbig gcmad^t werben fönnte, '^'^ wcbuvd^, 
4^ gefä^rlic^, ^^ man loi werben fönnte, ^^ 33cr[ammlung, "° berufen, ^^ fam 
jufammen, =2 Puarfen, " od)nattern, ^-^ ernannten, ^^ S?crrit-cnber, ^^ wir 
foIttenWD^l eigentlid) fagen, ^^ Ärä^en^5?ränbentin, ^^ 3?eamte, ^^ nahmen v^rr, 
'^o wie ed gewöf)nlic^ ifl, " fei öffentlichen äJerfammlungen, ^^ 9Irt, "^^ s^erfd^ie^ 
bene, ^^ 2)Jeinungen, "^^ mit 33e5ug auf, ^'^ K>aii tbut man am SBejlen, ^' bieltcn 
für, ß^ wa^ bie bejle SBcife betraf, ^^ baö war nid>t fo leidn ju beftimmen, ' 'O bie 
bafür waren « ♦ . . ju ge^en, '' fofort, '^ grabe, ''^ in corpore, '^ ju ^erilören, 
" auf ber ioteffe, "^ ^ur Öied^tferttgung, '^' im 5(ttgemeinen, '^jcbod*, "^^mu^ bemerft 
werben, *° friegerifdv ^^ 'Stapfcgel, ^^ ^c^ etwaö febr jung, ^^ nod) nid)t gan^ 
au^gewadifen, ^ na(^bcm ioiel lauteö ®efd)Wä§ ftattgefunben ^atte, " rinaentm, 
83 Ulmbaum, «' ni fleUen, ^^ ju empfeblen, «^ ^^ f -iu^e q^ auf, «0 ob, ^^ 9tatb, 
^2 fie möcbte fo frei fein, ^^ ?u fragen, ^^ oB man wüpte, ta^ bie ©inbmüf'Ie je weg^ 
gegangen wäre, ^^ Stelle, ^° unb gejagt bätte, ®^ in ber 5(bftd)t, ^^main entfdneb, 
sa^SSerfaferen, ^«o öcn Seiten, ^o^ man nie gehört Mtte, ^'^^ m\i, '^^ (i^mwc^- 
ncr, ^0-^ 3d)ic!fal, ^»^ umgefommen, ^^6 ©cblag, '°^ erinnerte nid)t, ^o* feinbfelige 
9?ad)f!eIIungen, ^°^ baburcb, bap jlc fi* wagte, ^'° einfcbüd>ternbe ÄrdBe (33ogcI= 
fd^eu6c), "^ fammt unb fonbcrc, i'- nicften, ^^^ ^aH ten köpfen, "^ alö wollten 
ftefaacn, '^^ natürlid^, ^^Mapt unö fern bleiben, "'Herauf, "^ g^^j, j^j^j^enb 
[eine^utlimmung, "Mö|le ftd) auf, i^otjjt ©amen genommen, ^^^ ftc^erfte, ^--^m^ 
dteiJ, ^^3 barmlo^, '-^ an fidv i" am geeigneten 9)la|e, ^^s geeignet, ^^^ fc^aben, 
i-s üjenn wir ilim ju na:^e fommen, ^^9 gäüen, ^^ benle an« 



70 '^e^rbucf) ter englif^en ^pra^e, 

Scfefiütf 2. 

THE ANT AND THE CRICKET. A Fable in Prose. 

2)ie ^Tmeife unb tie ®rit(e. — Sine t^aBel in 5Jrofa, 

1. On the approach ^ of winter a Company ^ of ants 
were busily ^ emplo jed ^ in collecting ^ a supply ^ of 
food,' which tliey kept,^ for a time/ at the doors of 
fcheir country dwelling,^'' and then stored away^^ in 
Chambers ^^ iDelow ground.^^ 

2. A cricket, who had chanced to outb've ^^ the Sum- 
mer, and was now, wet ^^ and shivering with cold/*^ 
ready to starve with hunger/' approached ^^ the ants 
with great humility/^ and begged '^^ that they would 
reheve her wants ^^ with one mouthful ^^ of food, and 
give her shelter ^^ from the storm.-^ 

3. *• But how is it," ^^ said one of the ants, *'that 
you have not taken pains^*^ to provide^' yourseK a 
house, and to lay in ^^ a supply of food for the hinter, 
as we have done? " 

4. *' Alas,^^ friends," said she, " I needed^^ no house 
to live in in summer ; and I passed away ^^ the time 
merrily ^^ and pleasantly,^^ in drinking, singing, and 
dancing, and never once '^^ thought of winter." 

5. *' If that be tho case," ^^ replied the ant, laughing, 
" all I have to say, is, that they who drink, sing, and 
dance all summer, must starve ''^^ in winter. We ants 
never borrow,'" and we never lend." ^^ 

6. Moral. — Do not, hke the silly^^ cricket, waste^^ all 
your time in play and idle amusement, but störe your 
mind with knowledge,^^ which, like the hoard"*^ of the 
industrious ants, will be of use ^^ to you in the winter 
of adversity.^^ 

7. " Go to the ant, thou sluggard ; consider her 
ways, and be wise ; which, having no guide, overseer, 
or ruler, provideth her meat in the summer, and 
gathereth her food in the harvest." ^^ 



gürmmörtcr. 71 

THE ANT AXD THE CRICKET. A Fable in Verse. 

1. A silly young cricket, accustomed ^^ to sing 
Through the warm sunDj months of gay ^' summer 

and spring, 
Began to complain, ^^ wlien he found that, at liome, 
His cupboard ^'-^ was empty/*^ and winter was come : 
Not a crumb ^^ to be found ^^ 
On the snow-covered ^^ ground ; 
Not a flower could he see, 
Not a leaf on a tree : 
" Oh ! what will become," ^^ says the cricket, " of 
me?"^= 

2. At last, by staryation ^*^ and famine " made bold, 
All drii^ping with wet,^^ and all trembling with^^ cold, 
Away he set off '''^ to a miserly ^^ ant, 

To see if, to keep him alive,*^^ he would grant *^^ 

Hirn shelter fi'om rain. 

And a mouthful '^^ of grain,*^^ 

He wished only to borrow; 

He 'd repay ^"^ it to-morrow ; 
If not, he must die of starvation and sorrow." 

3. Says the ant to the cricket, " I 'm your servant ^^ 

and friend, 

But we ants never borrow ; we ants never lend. 

But teil me, dear cricket, did you lay nothing by*^** 

When the weather was warm ?" Quoth'*^ the cricket, 
"Notl! 

My heart was so light '^ 
That I sang day and night, 
For all nature looked gay." 
" You sang, sir, you say ? 

Go then," says the ant, " and dance winter away." 

4. Thus ending,'^2 ^^ hastily lifted the wicket,'^^ 

And out of the door turned '^ the poor httle cricket. 
Folks call this sl fable : I '11 Warrant '^ it frue : 
Some crickets have /o2^r legs, and some hayebut fwo. 



72 ge^rbud) bcr englif^en (Sprad)e. 

^ S3eim ^eraima'^en, ^ ©c^ar, ^ eifrig, ^ Befc^aftigt, ^ v^t fantmein, ^ 23or^ 
rat^, "^ Sebcnemittel, ^ aufbewahrten, ^ eine 3ett lang, ^*^ :2aiibt)aue^, ^^ aufs 
fpeid)ertcn, ^^ Äammem, ^^ unter ter (Erbe, " welche jufällig überlebt f)atte, 
^^ naj5, ^"^ öor Aalte i^itternb, ' ' naf)e baran ;^u öer|)ungcrn, ^^ näherte ftc^, ^^fe^r 
fcemüt^ig, ^'^ bat, 21 man möAte i^re ^totl) linbern, ^^ 5)?unböca, 23 (gc()u^, 
2-* üor bem böfcn SBetter, ^^ irie gel}t eö ju ? -•* bag bu bir feine Wlü^t gegeben 
l^af^, 21 bir ein .^auio ein^urid)ten, ^ einzulegen, ^^a(i)l so Jraucbte, ^^ brachte 
, . . "fiin, "' luftig, ^^ »ergnügt, ^4 j^ic^t einmal, ^5 ^oinn tai bcr i^aü ifl, 
2*^ barben, ^ bergen nie (i^on SInbcrn), ^^ leilien (5(nbercn) nie, ^^ tböric^t, 
^0 öerfii)iDenbe, ^^ fammle für bcinen ©etft Äenntniffc, ^^ 25crrat^, ^s »on Ü^u^cn, 
« Unglücf, -^^ © p r ü d) e (5 a U G, 6-8, ^*^ gewohnt, •^' Reiter, ^ flagen, ^^ Äü*cn= 
fdjranf, ^^ leer, *^ ilrumc, ^^ ^u finben, ^^ fc^neebebcät, ^ werben, " au§ mir, 
5" Farben, " -^ungerönot^V ^'' triefcnb üon ber 5?äffe, ^^ ;(itternb sjor, ^^ ntacbte 
ft^ auf ben 2Beg, ^^ geizig, ^^ fid) am Seben m erhalten, ^^ gewci^ren, ^^ 2Runb^ 
ijcll, ^^ iTorn, '^'^ wicberbe^alilcn, " ^ct^, ^ Wiener, ^^ l)af^ tu ni(^tö ;^urücf= 
gelegt? '^ fj^rad), "'^ lcid}t, '^ fo fdjlic^eub, " ijffncte baö 2:^ürd)cn, ''* warf 
fiinau^, " wette. 



Ccfitioii XII 

tvvtt to do. — ^cbcn^attcn^ 

To höh lihe, to take care, to he ciboutj to he going, to he 
'pleasecL 



painter, ?}ialcr» to see, fckn. 

to paint, malen» to know bow to, lonncK, 

picture, SilC* to speak, [preisen. 

two, strci. yet, noA. 

last, i^orig. to begin, anfattgcn. 

week, '^ü6.)Z, to understand, i^cv|Men» 

when, iüann. wlien spoken, a^eun Cc gc^ 

them, fte. fprod^en trirl). 

wby, tranim. be does not want me to 

saw, fals speak, er tvill niitt, tajj i6 

kiteben, ^üd^e. fprede. 

a little wbile ago, ^or ^ur^cm, betöre, ek. 



gragc^ iinb ^^erneinung^fäjc. 



73 



to biiY, faufcn. 
clotlies, Gleiter. 
ready macle, fertig, 
to Order, ani 33cftcÜunv^. 
how do you like ? anc gcfäUt 

suit, ^(njug. 

not at all, gar ittd^t. 

not either, aud) nid}t. 

what a taste ! \vi\<i} ein Ö)c- 

fc^madl 
I do declare ! id} Httc tid} 
to teil, fac(cn, 
soap, (Seife. 
bad, fd^fcd^t. 
toothache, 3t-i^)^J^c^)» 
never, niemals. 



to liope, l)0[|cn. 

to look like rain, auvfekit na& 
iRei^en. 

to look like, äfmlic^ fcf^eu. 

to take care of, in ^c^t neh- 
men. 

to sjooil, ijcrtcrkrt. 

to be about, beabfid^tigcn. 

to grow weary, müre irerten. 

task, 3{ufi]ak. 

to impose upon, auferlegen. 

to carry, bringen. 

complaint, Älagc. 

to take leave, fid) ijerabfdneten. 

nottlie less, nidtörcftoa^enigcr. 

to go on, fortfal)rcn. 



Uchin9055(ufgak 1. 

Tlie painter paints. What does the painter paint ? 
He paints a picture. He painted two pictures iov me 
last week. When did he j^aint them ? Last week. 
Where is Charles ? T\Tiy does not he (don't he) 
come ? I saw him in the kitchen a little while ago. 
Where did yon see him ? Do you know how to speak 
English ? I do not know how to speak it yet, but I 
begin to understand it when spoken to me by my 
teacher. He does not want me to speak before I 
understand it better when spoken. Where do you buy 
your clothes ? Do you buy them ready made or to 
Order ? How do jou like this suit ? I do not like it 
at all. Do you ? No, I don't, either. What a taste ! 
I do declare ! Fred, go, wash your hands ! Didn't I 
teil you to wash your hands ? I did wash them, but 
the soap is bad. Do you know what toothache is ? 
I do not, I never did, and I hope I never will. Does 
it look hke rain to-day, or do you think the weather 
will be pleasant ? Does not he look very much like 
his mother ? I think he looks more like his father 



74 



^e^rbud) ber englifd)en (5pva^e* 



than his motlier. "Why don't you take care of your 
liealth ? If you don't take better care of it, you will 
lose it. I lost my watch be cause I did not take care 
of it. Take care, or you will spoil your dress. What 
are you about to do with your boy ? I am going to 
send him to school in Germany. Some people easily 
grow weary of a bard task imposed upon them. Why 
don't you carry your complaints before a magistrate ? 
I did. Well, wliat did tbe judge say ? He told me 
that tliere was no prospect of any good Coming out of 
it. So I took my leave. But it is not the less true 
that I am rigbt and that I have sufficient ground of 
complaint. Will you be pleased to see who is at the 
door ? Go on with your reading ; I understand every 
Word you say. 



2Bödcv^S5cr3cir§m§. 



tüte öielc, how many. 

(2pra(^e, language. 

nicbt Jreniger aU, no less than. 

franjcfifd^ French. 

tani]ö>, Danish. 

mnn eö gefpro(^ett mxt, when 

spoken. 
trinfen Sie gern? do you Hke? 
Kaffee, coffee. 
2;t)ee, tea. 
gefällt ^ijntn tcj[er? do you 

hke better? 
Mft hl geirefen ? were you? 
^eute -Öiorgen, this morning. 
jum 33aten, bathing. 
i(^ fann ttidt, I do not know 

how to. 
fd^mimmen, to swim. 
jule^t, last. 
i$ran!reid, France. 



'tai Qmam Xatum, the exact 

date. 
Slnfunft, ariiyal. 
tie jüngfte ^^adrid^t, the latest 

news. 
^riegöfdjauplal, theatre of 

war. 
gefd) lagen, defeated. 
tapfer, bravely. 
gefämpft, fought. 
(£ieg, victory. 
errungen, gained. 
fragt nidt tnel tamad, does not 

care much about it. 
gerrtjfen, tom. 
Meibt, stays. 
erinnerft tu ? do you remem- 

ber? 
5lu5fpra(^e, pronunciation. 



grage^ unb 33erneinunöoi'a0c» 75 

Uchmg0^5(ut9ttBc 2. 

paft tu meinen dritter gefel;en ? 9^etn, id) Mk i()n nid)t 
gefc^en» 2Bic viele ^pracl)en fpred)en Sie ? 3c^ fpred)e 
nid)t irenii^er a(0 vier Sprad)en, Xeutfd), Cntglifd), ^xan\h 
ftfd) unt) Xäitifd)» (Bpred)en (iie aud) ^panifd) ? 3d) 
fpved)e nic^t ^panifd), aber id) t>erfte{)e ee, ii^enn t^i ge^ 
fprod)en mirb. Xrinfen Sie gern ^ajtee unb Xf)ee ? 3d) 
trinfe gern Kaffee, aber ben X^ee liebe id) md)t. 2Beld)e 
Sprache gefallt 3l)nen bejTer,bie X)eutfd)e ober bie Crnglif^e? 
^ift bu l)eute 2}?orgen auf bem Wlaxüt getrefen ? 3d) hin 
nid)t ba geit?efen, Snllft bu mit mir ^ium ^aben ge!)en ? 
3d) fann nid)t fd)wimmen» ®ann feio ibr ^ulel^t in granf-- 
reid) gen?cfen ? 3^ Jt^eif^ nid)t ba^3 genaue Xatitm unferer 
5lnfunft bort» ^&aft bu bie jüngften 9lad)rid)ten t>cm £rieg0^ 
fd)aupla^ gelefen? ^ahcn bie Xeutfc^cn ik 5ran^ofen gc^ 
fd)lagen? 2)ie gran^5ofen_l)aben tapfer gefämpft, aber fte 
l;abcn nid)t einen ein^^igen ^cieg errungen* aperen Sie gern 
3)Zuftf ? 3c^ l)öre fte fel;r gern, aber meine Sd)irefler fragt 
nid)t ml barnad)» Söiffen Sie, ba^ Sie 3^ren diod ^er^^ 
rillen l)aben? 3^ '^^^^ ^^^^t, n?o bie ??kgb bleibt. (Srin^ 
ncrft bu, ira^3 i^ bir fagte über bie %u^^\)(^xdd)t ber englifd)en 
Sprad)c ? 3c^ erinnere nid)t Mi<^* 

Öcfcfiiic! 1. 

THE HARD TASK CBie fc^wcre 2ruf3al)e). 

Henry. Fatlier, my teacher wishes me to ciraw ^ tlie 
branch"^ of a rose-bush, witli one rose on it;^ but I 
can not do it. 

Fatlier. My son, I do not think * your te acher woiüd 
ask you ^ to do any tbing ^ you can not do. 

Henry. "Well, I have tried ^ and tried to draw^ it ; but 
it^ does not look at all like the pattern. ^ I wish you 
would draw it for me. 

FatJier. Do you think ^ it would be right ^^ for me 
to draw your picture/^ when your teacher expects ^^ 
you to do it ? ^^ 



76 ^c^rbud) tcr enöUfdjen (Sprad)c. 

Henry. No, sir ; but I can never ^^ clraw that ^■' rose 
like ^° tlie pattern. I know ^' I can not. 

Father. Try again/^ and tlien ^^ it may not be ^^ as 
clifficult -^ as you now ^^ think it is. Give it one niore 
trial,^^ and then let ^^ me see it. 

Henry. Father, I have done ~Mt ! I have done it ! 
It now looks ^^ almost ^' as well as tlie j)attem. 

Father. Yes, Henry ; you have done ^'^ it very well. 
And now, do you not feel mucli better ^'^ than you 
would liave felt'^*^ if I had drawn ^^ it for you ? 

Henry. Yes, fatlier ; and now I tliink I shall know 
Low to "^ draw another ^^ picture much better than I 
have done this. 

Father. Yes ; every task ^^ you perform "^ by your 
own ^^^ skill ^^ and labor,^^ enables ^^ you to perform ^^ 
still" greater ones. And remember,^^ my son, that 
any thing which does not cost you üme^^ thomjlit,^'" or 
lahor, is of littie ^^ worth.-^'^ 



^ tx)ünfc()t, ba§ icf) ,^cid)nc, ^ ^j^cig, ^ j>arauf; ^ icf) benfc nidit/ ^ stürbe öcn bir 
»erlanacn, ^ irscnb ctn^aCv '^ »erfudjt, ^eö fie^t bcr 2Sorfd)rift burc^auö nid)t ä^u== 
lic^. '9 mclnft bu, ^"^ rcd)t, " Si(b, ^^ emartet, ^^ j,^^ j>„ ^^ t(^u,i^ 14 „je, 
15 biefe, ^^ wie, ^^ i^ Jücip, ^^ »erfui^ nod) einmal, ^^ bann, ^o {j-f e^ ijtcüctd)t 
md}t, -1 fd)Wieng, 22 j(.^{, 23 j^^jj^ i^t,(^ ci^en SJerfuc^, 24 lag, 25 fertig, 20 jjcjjj 
aue, " ()cinal)e, ^s gemalt, ^9 tft bir nid)t \m\\. teffer ju 2Jiutk, ^^ al5 bir ^u 
SDJut^e ßewefen fein n^ürbe, "^ gejeidjnet, 22 jcf, ti^fjjjg — fönnen, ^^ noc^ ein, 
2* 5(ufgabe, ^'^ ^u fertig bringft, ^eftggn, ^t ©cfcf^iijiic^fcit, ^^ %x^^xzx[<i,Vino,t 
39 fe^t bic^ in ben ©tanb, ^o ju 5jerrid}ten, ^^ noc^, 42j„erfe bir, ^s^eit, «gjöc^^ 
benfcn, 



ecfcftüt! 2. 

THE PHYSICIAN AND THE STUDENT. 

2)cr %x\i unb bcr (»tubent. 

1. I was awakened ^ by a band taking mine, and, 
opening my eyes, the doctor stood before me. 

2. After haying felt^ my pulse, he nodded^' his head, 
sat down ^ at the foot of the bed, and looked at me, 
rubbing ^ his nose with his snuff-box.'^ I have since ^ 



learned ^ that tliis is always, ^vith. liim, a sign of satis- 
faction.^ 

3. " Well ! well ! wliat a hurry jou were in ^'^ to 
leave^^ ns !" said tlie doctor, in his lialf-joking/^ haK- 
scolding^"^ waj. " "Wlij,^^ it was necessary to hold you 
back with both arms, at least !" 

4. " Then you liad given np ^^ all liopo in my case/^ 
doctor?" asked I, rather alarmed.^'' 

5. "Not at all," replied tlie old physician ; "we 
can't give np that whicli we have not ; and I make it 
a rule ^^ never to Jiopc — bnt to tnist}^ We are bnt -"^ 
Instruments ~^ in the hands of Providence,-^ and each 
of US should say, with Father Ambrose, ' I tend'" him ; 
God eures him.' " 

6. " May He be blessed,'^ as well as you," cried I, 
"and may my health^^ come back with the New 
Year!" 

7. The doctor shnigged ^'^ his Shoulders. " Begin 
by asking yourself for its retum," ^'' resumed-^ he, 
bluntly.-'^ " God has given it to you, and it is your 
good sense,^^ not chance,^^ that must keep it for you. 
One would think, to hear people talk, that sickness 
comes upon us like the rain or the sunshine, without 
cur having^^ a word to say in the matter.^" Before we 
complain ^^ because we are ill, we should feel assured ^' 
that we have done our best to be welV 

8. I was about '^^ to smile, but the doctor looked an- 
gry.^' "Ah! you think I am joking," resumed he, 
raising his yoice;"^ "but teil me, then, which of us 
gives his health the same attention that he gives to his 
Business ? Do you take the same care of ^^ your 
strength as of your money ? Do you avoid ^^ excess ^^ 
and imj^rudence^""' in the one case, with the same care^" 
that you do extravagance " and foolish speculations in 
the other ? 

9. " Let me ask you farther.^^^ Do you keep as reg- 
ulär accounts of your mode of living as of your in- 
come? Do you consider,^^ every evening, what has 
been wholesome ^' or unwholesome for you? You may 



78 Se^rbud) fcer cnglifd^eu (Eprad}e, 

smile ; but liave you not brought tliis illness upon 
yourself by a tliousand indiscretions ? " '^^ 

10. I began to protest against this, and asked him 
to point out tliese indiscretions. The old doctor spread 
out^^ liis fingers, and began to reckon^*^ upon them, one 
by one. 

11. " First,'' cried lie, *' want of exercise.^^ Tou live 
liere like a mouse in a clieese, witliout air, motion,^^ or 
cliange.^^ Consequently,^^ tlie blood circulates badly ; 
tlie muscles,^^ being inactive, do not receive their 
share"^^ of nutrition ; ^' tlie stomach ^^ flags ; ^^ and the 
brain grows weary. 

12. " Second : Irregulär food. Caprice ^^ is your 
Cook — ^your stomach a slave, who niust accept what 
you give it, but who presently" takes a sullen^- 
revenge, like all slaves. 

13. ''Third: Sitting up late. Instead of using the 
night for sleep, you spend it in reading : your bedstead 
is a book-case,^^ your pillow ^^ a desk ! At the time 
when the wearied brain asks ^'^ for rest, you impose ^^ 
the severest ^' labors upon it ; and you are surprised 
to find it the worse ^^ for them the next day. 

14. ''Foi'.rtli: Luxurious habits. Shutup^^ in your 
attic,'*^ you insensibly ''^ Surround'^ yourself with a 
thousand enervating '^ indulgences. '^ You must have 
hst '"' for your door, a blind for your window, a carpet 
for your feet, an easy-chair '*^ stuffed with tvooI for 
your back, your fire lit' ' at the first sign of cold, and a 
shade '^ to your lamp, and thanks to all these precau- 
tions, '^ the least draught of air^^ makes you take cold f^ 
common chairs give you no rest, and you must wear 
spectacles ^' to aid your near-sightedness ^^ or to Sup- 
port ^^ the light of day. You have thought you were 
acquiring ^^ comforts, and you have only contracted ^° 
infirmities.^^ 

^^ :B\ft]i :—'' 

15. "Ah! enough, enough, doctor!'; cried I. 
" Pray, do not carry ^^ your examination farther. Do 
not attach ^^ a sense of remorse '^^ to each of my ^Dlea- 



sures." Tbe old cloctor riibbed bis nose v/ith liis 
snuff-box. He was eyiclentlj '-'^ pleased that I feit the 
rebuke.^^ 

16. "You See,'' said he more gently, and rising at 
tbe same time, " jou Tvould escape '^'^ from the triith. 
You shrink from ^^ inquiring ^^ — a proof that yoii are 
guiltj. But, mj friend, do not go on °'' lajing the 
blame °' on Chance or Time." 

17. Thereuj^on he again feit my pulse, and took bis 
leave,^^ declaring that bis duties were at an end, and 
that the rest depended lipon mjseK. T\Tien the doctor 
had gone, I set about '^^ reflecting ujDon what he had 
said. 

18. Although bis words were, perhaps, too sweep- 
^g^ioo ^i^Qj t;^qyq 2iot the less tme in the main.^^^ How 
often we accnse chance of an illness, the origin of 
which^^' we should seek in ourselves ! And are not we 
equally^^^ neglectful'^^ of what is far more importänt — 
the proper means ^^^ of preserving the health of the 
soul ? It is, indeed, true that oiir diseases, ^Yhether 
of mind or of body, are generally the fruit of our fol- 
hes or vices,^'''*' and every one of us, Tvithin the narrov/ 
hmits^*^' of human capabilifcy,^'-'^ himself makes bis own 
disposition,^*^-' character, and permanent ^^'^ condition. 

SOU^-ESTEE. 

^23urbe ertrecft, ^na^^bem er gefüMt :^attc, ^ tiefte, ^ fetzte fic^ meber, ^ rei^ 
hnb, ^ ^^nujjftabacf^bofe, '' feitbem, ^ erfahren, ^ 3ufriebenkit, '^ ^^ n)elcf>er 
(Eile waren ote, ^' »crlaffen, ^- ijalb fcfcer^enb, ^^ ^^[\^ ernrt'(fcbeltenb), ^^ ci! 
'^ fo I>attcn Sie alfo aufgegeben, ^^ \^ci\l, ^^ fall erfc^rccfem ^* t* mad}e d mir 
jur DtegeU ^^ »ertrauen, -'^ nur, -^ ©erf^euge, -- 5}crfcbung, 23 ^^^^^^^ 21 g^^ 
jjriefen, -^ ©efunbf)cit, •^^5uc!te, 2- Sßieberfefjr, ^^fu^x fort,'^^ barfd), so^grilanb, 
31 3ufaa, 32_üf)ne ba§ n?tr Ratten, ^ Sac^e, « irir un5 kflagen, ^ö öernc^ert, 
3» im Segrirr, ^^ zornig, hU, S' mit gehobener Stimme, sa gekn fte ebenfo mi 
5r*tauf, *^meiben, "^^ Slu^fc^föeifung (Uebermap), -^-Unvcrü^tigfeit, ^^ Sorgfalt, 
*^iDerfc^roenbung, ^^ßjeiter, '^''bcnfcnoicna^über, ■'• acfunb, 'i'Un5?crn6ttafeitcn, 
^9 fprei^e au3, '° rennen, ^' Snangcl an 33en?eguna, ''• Scn^cguna, '^ 2(btt?cd^iV 
lung, ^-^ folglich, - S^uofeln, '' Slntbcit, ^" ^cm (irna^rung^^projcp, == 3J?aaen, 
59_arkitet träge, ^ Saune, «' }:löflidv ^2 fünfter, «^ 23üd>erf*ranf, ^-^ Äopf:- 
!i!|em ^' »erlangt narf», «Megen Sie i^m auf, " bic bärteften, ^^ um fo »iel 
fc^Ummer, '^^ eingepfercht, 'o Sa*|Me, '^ un»crmerft, "' umringen, '^ ent* 
ner»enb, '^ ©ewcönkiten, " 2:u*egge, " Scbni"hifil (ScrgenihiM), " ange^ 
jünbet, '* Schirm, '^ SJorfic^nemapregeln, ^oSuftjug, ^^madjt, ba^Sieftc^erfal^ 



80 



^el;rbu^ ter englifd)cn ^prad^e, 



ten, ^■'^ Griffe, ^" Äurjft($»tigfcit, ^i crträglid^n niad>en, ^'^ ^k 'f)äntn \i<ii crföorben, 
^^ ^^uße^cgen, ^'' Scf)n}äd)en, ^- führen/ ^^ fügen Sie nid)t i)ini,u, ^^ ©ewiiTcnö:* 
16iffc, ^' offenbar, ^^ S^cra-^urf, ^^ 3ie möchten enttinf^en, ^^ Sie fc^recfen ^urücf 
vcr, 95 lintcr[ud>unoi, °* fahren Sie nid^t fort, ^' bic Sc^ulb auf^alaben, ^* nahm 
$UM'd\ieb, ^M'dncfteld) mic^ an, ^^o »eitgreifenb, ^oi ^^ujjt^tj,^^ ^^^HxQn^tx^ 
anlaiTung, ^^^ glcid)ertr'eife, ^^^ Jtad)Iäffig, i'''5 cie geeigneten 2)ZittcI, ^^^' ^afttx, 
1°' ©rcnjen, ^^' iya'l;ig!eit, ^^o ©emüt^öftimmung, ^^o fcleiöeiib. 



£efi{ioii XIII. 



MbicHit>ii^e ^nirippttcr*— Sfite^cui^atten* 

To favor, to go for, to send for, to ohject to. 

Tills, tJiese. Tliat, tliose, This one, that one. Everij, 
every one, every body, every thing. Eacli, each 07ie. 
Some, some one, some body, some thing. Äny, any one, 
any body, any thing. No one, nobody, none^ nothing, 
AU, Much, many. Little, few. 



S0rters§>cr3eif§mf). 



Timbrella, 0legenfi^irm, 

to buy, !aufen. 

razor, ^kftrmeffcr, 

take, hnn^e» 

inake it your rule, mad>c e5 

tir 5wr äUijcu 
one thiug, (Iin5. 
at a time, §ur ^txt, 
eyerytbing, 3^^^^* 
in its time, ju feiner Z^xU 
every word you say, jctco 

ffijort, ta^ (2ie fctgen. 
prone, geneigt» 
evil, 33efec. 
stupid, tumm» 
mortal, ftevHid). 



is stiidying, fhitirt» 

certain, gean^, 

inalienable, uni?erau^erlid)* 

right, ^i6>U 

cane, 3pa3ierftccf. 

do you want ? tvoüen (Sie ? 

bow to api^reciate, §ufd)dt;CU, 

blessing, Segmmg» 

bealtb, Ö)cfuni:kit» 

lost, ijcricren» 

easier, lcid>ter. 

parlor, ßmpfang^^immer. 

will you favor us witb ? tc^h 

len Sic wnc gum 33e[ten ge> 

kn ? 
lively, lebhaft» 



^^dim\d)t güra^i3rter* 81 

at my aunt's, hi meiner Xante» question, ^ragc. 

brothers and sisters, ©C|'d)iri- really, Jt)ir!Iid\ 

fter. to go for, ()olcn, 

received, crt)iclt. meat, ^leifds 

interest in, 3ntcrej)'e an. to send for, Idolen laffen, 

cloth, Znd)* I do not wish yoii to, id) 
a yard, tie Öde, n?ünf($e m6>t, ta§ (Bk. 

lei't, liikttj. I dislike, id) mag ni^t, 

difficult, f^trierij]. to_smoke, raud^en» 

to learn to speak, fpred}en ju if "you have no objection, 

lernen* ^ hjenn ©ie nid)t3 bagegen ^a^^ 

foreign, fremb» 16en. 

wlien sx3oken, mnn fic ge^ I do not object at all, id) KiBe 

fprodjen trirO» hircbauc nid)t5 hiirirer» 

Tliis timbrella is not so good as that ono. "WTiere 
did you buy tliat razor ? Take these boots and tliose 
slioes to tbe slioemaker. Make it your rule : One 
thing at a time, and every tliing in its tinie. I under- 
stand every word you say. All men are prone to do 
evil. Some men are wise, some are stui^id, bnt all are 
mortal. We are fifty people in this room. Each one 
of ns is stndying bis lesson. Every body Las certain 
inalienable rights. Not every one knows eveiy thing. 
Have you any friends in this town ? I have some. 
Did any one of you see my cane ? Nobody has seen 
your cane. Do you want some bread and butter ? I 
do not -want any bread, I want some milk. Nene 
know better how to appreciate the blessings of health 
than those who have lost it. Can any one of you teil 
me which way I must go to Hamilton Ferry ? Nothing 
is easier than this. There was somebody in the parlor. 
Did you see anybody ? Will you favor us with some 
music ? Let us have something hvely. I don't under- 
stand anything you say. I was at my aunt's with my 
brothers and sisters ; each one of us received a pres- 
ent. No one takes more interest in this young man 
than I do. How much does this cloth cost a yard ? 



82 



Scf)iintcl) ter enc^l{fcf)en (2prad)e* 



There is not mucli leffc. It is much more clifficiilfc to 
learn to speak a foreign language than to leam to un- 
derstand ifc wlien spoken. Hoav many lessons can you 
give me ? How miich time will it take me to learn 
Englisli ? Tliat is a difficult qnestion to answer. 
Some leam it with but little difficulty, but some find 
it very difficult. There are but few people who are 
really happy. Will you go for some meat ? I went 
for a doctor yesterday ; there was some one sick in our 
liouse. I shall send for some beer, if you wish any. 
I do not wish you to send for any ; I disHke beer. I 
shall smoke a cigar,if you have no objection. I do not 
object at all. I have no objection whatever. 



^amm, comb. 

53ür|'te, brush. 

c;el)5rett mir, are mine. 

ipal^tud), necktie. 

l)ixb]ä>, pretty. 

.^ofentrdger, suspenders. 

c;efatten mir, suit me. 

^lac^ri^t, news. 

gießen, to pom-. 

|^(afd)e, bottle. 

Ärug, pitcher, jug*. 

tiefe beiden, these two. 

ter altere, the eider. 

ebenfo, just as. 

^fli*t, duty. 

9^ä(ä)fter, neighbor. 

Beii'tel)en, to help. 

ij't i?er!e()rt gegangen, has gone 

wrong. 
va]t tu gema(^t, did you clo ? 
befe()ten, to teil, 
eine ^antöotl, a handful of. 
ftd) erfreuen, to enjoy. 
®efuntl)eit, health. 
iTjüpte, Imev/. 



tbiit, wonld do. 

mancbmal, sometimes. 

Gt)re, honor. 

ivünfcben Sie ? do you want? 

nocb mebr, some more. 

tarf id) 3ic Httm um ? may I 

ask you for ? 
e^ bat mir 3emanb gefagt, some- 

body told me. 
ta^ tu woUtcft, thatyouwant- 

ed to. 
^aUt, package. 
erratl)ert, to guess. 
\va^ ji?iüfl tu anfaulten ? what 

are you going to do ? 
ba3 gel)t tiä nid)ti? an, that's 

none of your business. 
fogenannt, so-called, would- 

be. 
SBett/ World, 
lange, for a long time. 
Kummer, sorrow. 
?5eint, enemy. 
.^Dimmel, heaven. 



5ltiefnüi)'d)e 5ürroi3rter» 83 

Xiefer 53all ift md)t fo gut unc jener. 3:iere Äämme imb 
jene dürften gehören mir. Xieö |)aletud) ift md)t {)übfcft, 
aber jene |)ofenträger gefallen mir, 23ü i)a]t tu tiefe 9lad)^ 
rid)t gel)5rt ? ©ie^^e ten 23cin in tiefe giafdjen unt taö 
^ier in jene ^rüge. 2öeid)er 'ocn tiefen beiten Knaben ift 
ter altere ? S^iefer ift eknfo ait,^ aiö jener, ^ö ift eineö 
jeten 9L'?enfd)en ^.''fli^t, feinem 9tad)ften bei^uftef;en. Q,in 
3erer ift ftd) felbft ter 9läd)fte. WM ift yerfefjrt gegangen. 
§aft tu alle5 fo gemacht, n^ic id) eo tir kfü[;Ien {mbe ? '3d) 
I)abe einem jeten öcn tiefen Wintern ,^mei 5(epfel unb dnt 
^anti^oll 9(üi]e gegekn. (xin 3cter i)cn uno erfreut fid^ 
guter @efuntl)eit. Söenn mandjer dJlann m^U, ti^er mandKr 
^^Jann mx\ Ü)ät mand)er Tlann mand)em ?3?ann mand)mal 
mel^r (r{)r'. SÖünfc^en <2ie noc^ mebr 2}ti(cb in 3!)rcm i^af^ 
fee ? 3}arf id) (^ie bitten nm ten ßucfer ? |)at 3em.ant 
meinen fteinen |)unt gefekn ? ^6 l)at mir 3emant gefagt, 
tag tu tein ^auo i?effaufen ivolltcft. 3ft tem fo ? 3Ba5 
l^aft tu in tem 9^afet ? (Ettinio febr 3d)öne^\ n^a^S 9liemanb 
i^cn eud) erraten fann. ©aö nndft tu mit all tiefen 3}2e]iern 
anfangen? Da^5 gef)t tid) md}to an. (v^ gibt incle foge^ 
nannte greunte in ter 2öe(t, aber nur jrenig treue. 2i>el§t 
tu ettt)a^5 'oon §einrid) ? 3d) (mbe fange nichtig i>on ihm ge:= 
{)ört. (Sr I)at nur n^enig ©elr mit ii^enig greunte, aber iid 
Kummer unt i^iele geinte. 5We 2)knfd;cn fint 5lintcr eineö 
^aterö im ^pimmel. 

ßeieftüif 1. 

THE GRATEFUL INDIAX (1)er banf^are SitHauer). 

1. Many years ago, wlien there wero but few white 
men in this countr j, an Indian went, in tbe dusk ^ of 
tlie evening, to a public-liouse ~ in a small ^dllage^ 
called Wilton. He asked tlie woman to give him some 
drink and a supper. At the same time, he said he 
could not pay for them, as he had had no success ^ in 
hunting.^ He promised, however, to pay her soon. 

2. The Y/oman told him that she had nothing- for 



84 ?e{)rl)ud; ber engUfdjen (2prad)e. 

liim ; callecl him a lazy, good-ior-nothing ''' fellow,' and 
Said she did not work so hard, to throw away ^ lier 
eamings^ upon such creatures^^ as lie was. 

3. A gentleman wlio was sitting bj, observed ^^ that 
tlie Indian was siiffering ^^ from hunger and fatigue.^^ 
As the Indian tnmed ^^ to leave the house, tlie gentle- 
man told the woman to supply^^ him with what he 
needed/*^ and said that he would pay her himself. 
She did so. 

4. TMien the Indian had finished-' his supper, he 
tumed to the gentleman, thanked him, and told him 
that he should remember ^^ his kindness/^ and when- 
ever he was able, would repay ^'^ him. 

5. Some years after, the gentleman set out ^^ to Tisit 
a city at some distance from Wilton. In order to reach 
it,^~ he was obHged to ~^ pass through a wildemess. 
In the woods,^^ he was taken captive ^^ by an Indian 
party,^^ and carried ^^ to Canada. 

6. "WTien they ariived there, some of the Indians 
advised ^^ that he should be put to death,-^ and others, 
that he should be kept as a prisoner. In the mean- 
time,^^ he was bound, and kept safely^^ until they 
should decide ^^ what to do with him. 

7. One day, when most of the Indians were out 
hunting, one of them came to him and unbound "" him. 
He then gave him a musket and some powder,"^ and a 
bag ^^ wdth food ^^ in it, to strap ^' on his back. Hav- 
ing done this, the Indian told Inm to follow him. 

8. They traveled^^ for many days toward the south. 
The Indian preserved ^^ all the time perfect süence. 
In the day-time they shot such game ^^ as came in 
their way for food, and at night they kindled ^^ a fii'e 
by which they slept. 

9. After a joumey ^^ of many days, they came one 
morning to the top ^^ of a hill,^^ from which they could 
See a number of houses, forming^^ quite a village. 
The Indian asked the man if he knew that place. He 
rcplied, very eagerly,^*^ that it was Wilton. 

10. His guide^' thon reminded^^ him, that many 



5(t)ieftbifc|e günDortcr» 85 

years before he Lad relieved ^^ tlie wants ^^ of a weary 
and hungrj Indian at a public-house in that j)lace, and 
added,^^ " I that Indian ; now I pay you ; go home." 

11. Having said this, the Indian left him, and the 
man joyfuUy ^^ returned to his home. 

1 Dämmerung, 2 SBirt^ö^auö, ^ 2)Drf, * ®Iücf, SöufberSagb, "^ nic^tß^ 
nuljig. ' ©cfeüc, ^ ju »erfci^wenben an, ' 2}erbientl, ^^ ®e[c^öpfe, " kmerfte, 
^^ litt, '3 grmattunßr '^ fid) ivanbte, ^^ 5U »erfe^en, ^^ nöt^ig ^atte, ^^ be^ 
enbigt, '^ erinnern, '^ ©üte, ^*^ wiebcröergelten, ^i maä)tt \id) auf bcn Sßcg, 
22 ba^in^ugclangen, ^s j^uBte er, ^4 sSalb, ^^ tDurbe er jum ©efanj^enen (^emadit, 
2^ aSanbe, ^i c^cfcfjtcppt, ^^ riet^en, ^^ bap er ^ingeridUet »erben follte, ^ in^föi^ 
fd)en, 31 in fieserem ©clDa^rfam gehalten, ^2 entfc^etben, ^3 y^fi^ ^^[^^ %i\(dn, 
^ <S(^ie§puber, ^^ XafAe, ^ö «eöcnömittel, ^^fd^natten, gereiften, ^^biobadjutt, 
4" 33ilb, 4t jünbetc an, ^^ ^^[^c, « (^[^^^i, u 33^^^, 45 ^^^ Hibctcn, ^^ frcubig 
erregt, ^^ $5ü$rer, *^ erinnerte, ■*' a&gc^olfen, ^ 5Züt^, '"^ fügte l^in^u, ^2 fro^. 

ÖcfcfiUsf 2, 

KNOWLEDGE IS POWER (©iffen ii1 Wtadjt). 

1. "What an excellent thing is^ Imowledge," ^ said 
a sharp-looking, bustling ^ Httle man, to one who was 
much older than himseli. " Knowledge is an excellent 
thing," repeated ^ he. " My boys know more at six 
and seven years old ^ than I did at twelve.^ They can 
read all sorts '^ of books, and talk on ^ aU sorts of sub- 
jects.^ The world ^° is a great deal ^^ wiser than it 
used ^^ to be. Everybody knows something of every- 
thing now. Do you not think, sir, that knowledge is 
an excellent thing ? " 

2. " Why, sir," replied the old man, looking gravely,^^ 
" that depends ^^ entirely ^^ upon the use ^^ to which it 
is applied.^' ^ It may be a blessing ^^ or a curse.^^ 
Knowledge is only an increase of power,^^ and power 
may be a bad as well as a good thing." " That is 
what I cannot understand," said the bustling httle 
man. " How can power be a bad thing ? " 

3. *' I will teil you," meekly ^^ repHed the old man ; 
and thus he went on :^^ " When the power ^^ of a horse 
is under restraint,^^ the animal ^^ is useful ^^ in bearing 

5 



86 Sel)rbud) fccr cnglifc^en (^pradjc. 

burdens,^' drawing loads,^^ and carrying his master ; ^^ 
biit Tvüen tliat power is unrestrained/^^^ the horse 
breaks ^^ liis bridle,^^ daslies to pieces ^^ tlie carriage ^^ 
that he draws, or tlirows^'^ liis rider." "I see," said 
tlie little man. 

4. '• "When the Trater of a iarge pond "'^ is properlj"'' 
conducted ^^ by trenches,^^ it renders ^^ the fields 
around ^^ fertile ; ^^ but when ifc bnrsts through ^^ its 
banks/^ it sweeps everything before it,^^ and destrojs'^^ 
the joroduce ■^' of the fields." " I see ! " said the httle 
man ; "I see! " 

5. " TvTien the ship is steered aright/" the sail "^^ that 
she hoists ^^ enables ^^ her sooner to get into port ; ^^ 
but if steered wi'ong,^^ the more ^^ sail she carries,^^ 
the further^*^ will she go out of her course." "I see!" 
said the httle man ; *' I see clearlj ! " ^' 

6. " Well, then/' continued the old man, " if you 
see these things so clearlj, I hope ""^ yon can see, too,^^ 
that knowledge, to be^*^ a good thing, must be rightly 
apphed. God's grace^^ in the heart will render^- the 
knowledge of the head^^ a blessing,^^ but without 
this, it may prove to us ^^ no better ^'^ than a curse." 
'• I see ! I see ! " said the little man ; " I see ! " 



1 Say für eine :^errtid)e (Sadjt c3 ii"i itnt, ^ \,^^ SStiie« (Äeimtnine), 
3 flinf, ^ tinebevt)cltc, ^ ii^enn fte fe*3 Vii neben Sa^rc alt fmb/ '^ mit ^trblf, 
' Strten, ^ fpre^en über, ^ ©ecjenftänbe, ^° äöeü, ^^ tebeutenb, ^* Pilegtc, 
^3 mit erntlem SUc!, ^^ fcmmt an, ^^ o^awi, ^^ ©ebraud}, ^' angewenbet 
Jüirb, ^= Segen, ^^ %i\id}, 20 ^iue ^???a^tern?eiterunu, ^i fanftmüt(ng, 
"- fu^r fölgenbermagen fcrt, ' " ^<^raft, ^^ (unter Zügelung) b. t. G^i^gelt, 
25 S^ier, ^^ nüt^id), ^' (im fragen öcn, :c.) b. i. baburd), ba0 eö l^aftcn 
trägt, 2ä Q^^j^jj^ ^^(.^t, 29 j-^ij^(;i^ ^crrn trägt, ^o ungezügelt, ^^ ^errcipt, =- 3ü* 
gel, 33 ^(i^iäc^t in Stücfe, 24 sßagen, ^^ tuirft ab, ^^ 2;cidv st c,el)örig, ^* gc*= 
leitet Jüirb, ^9 «Jlbwgv^fanäle, ^° ma*t, ^^ ringö umT}cr, '*^ fr«d>tkr, ^^ burc^^ 
brid)t, ^ Ufer, ^^ r^i^t ed SiacS mit fi* fi^rt, ^»^ ?erflört, ^'((Srtrag) ©egen, 
^8 richtig gefleuert tt)irb, ^^ Segel, ^ aufbißt, ^^ fe|t in ben 8tanb, " ^afen, 
"3 tvenn e^^ öerfef)rt aejleuert wirb, ^^ jemebr, ^^ träat, '^ bejlo tneiter, " beut- 
li*, 6ä i,cffe, ^9 ebeitfatr^, *^o um ^u fein, " ©nabe,'62 niad)t, ^^ ^^^JJf, 64 jy^t 
Segen, ^' niag fid; für un$ crföcifen, ^^ ni^t kffer. 



ücfitioii XIY. 



87 



&cbvand) bc^ ^mpetfcH^^—Mcbcw^avtcn. 

To lay, lie ; to favor icitli, to he in need of, to vent on, io 
call to mind, to he drowned, to take a seat, to sit dotviu 



this moming, kutc ^J^orgen. insured, ijerftd^ert. 



j^ickirig, ^[(ücfcnr. 

wben, trann. 

did you buy ? I^aft tu gefauft ? 

I bought, ic^ Ijah gefauft. 

last year, i^orige^ ^al)r. 

I saw, id) f:in 

advertised, ange3eigt. 

j)apers, 3f^tuug. 

in, 3U ^:aufi\ 

slie Tvent out, fie iji au'-gegan^ 

gen. 
an lioui- ago, i^cr einer ^tunte. 
he left for, er ging nc[d\ 
he was standing, er \tani:. 
hj the ^-indow, am Öcnfrcr. 
passed, ijcrül^crging. 
letters, Briefe. 
day before yesterday, i;or^ 

geftern. 
barked, teilte. 
told, fagte. 

to be qniet, i^r foütct ruMg f:in. 
read, gelefeu. 
interesting, tnter ejfvtnt. 
never, niemale. 
ever, je. 

in the open ah', im freien. 
rained, geregnet. 
a week ago to-day, kute V'ov 

einer ©cd)e. 



carriages, 553agen. 

riders on horse-back, 3Reiter. 

chickens, .vübner. 

do you like ? magfl tu ? 

lused, x6> pflegte. 

not . . . any longer, nidt me^^r. 

tried, t^erfudt. 

difficult, fdnrer. 

nonsense ! llnfinn ! 

not at all, gan3 unD gar nid;t. 

play, finden. 

butcher, ^(eifder. 

brought, gcl'rad;t. 

to lay, legen. 

to lie, liegen. 

to be in the habit of, tie (3c^ 

ircl^nl^cit l^akn 3U. 
coffin, 3 arg. 

to favor with, decken mit. 
to be in need of, nctbig KiBen. 
to vent, auijlaffen, freien ßauf 

lauen, 
anger, ^orn. 

to call to mind, [td) erinnern, 
incident, $3orfaiI. 
to cling to, fid anflammern an. 
capsized, umgcfd^Iagen. 
to be di'owned, ertrinfen» 
to listen to, ^ulcrcn. 



83 Sc()rBuc^ ter cngli|'d)eu ^))rac^e. 

Ilc6un9§5§(ufga5e 1. 

Charles, Tvhere wero you this moming? I was 
in tlie garden picking flowers. Wlien did tou huy 
this house ? I bought it last year. I saw it adver- 
tised in the laapers. Is your mother in ? No sir, she 
went out an hour ago. He left for Europa last week. 
He was Standing by the ydndow when I passed. I 
haye written three "letters ; day before yesterday I 
wrote only one. Our dog barked very loud last night. 
I told you this minute to be quiet. I have read many 
interesting books, but I never read one so interesHng 
as this. Did you ever sleep in the open air ? I of ten 
slept in the open air when I was a soldier. It has 
rained for more than two days. It rained a week ago 
to-day. He has insured his hfe in New York. I in- 
sured my Hfe yesterday. I was in the Central Park 
this morning. 'There were many carriages and riders 
on horseback. We bought two chickens in Fulton 
Market. Do you like fish ? I used to like them, but 
I do not like them any longer. I have tried to learn 
this lesson, but it is too difficult. Konsense! You 
did not try at all. I saw you play with your brother. 
The butcher has brought the meat. When did ho 
bring it ? He brought it an hour ago. 

SiCiirnSartcu. — Where did you lay my book ? It lies 
(is lying) on the table near the stove. A person that 
is in the habit of telhng lies (stories) is called a liar. 
The two children lay side by side in their coffin. WiU 
you favor me with your Company ? I was favored by 
her with one of her sweetest songs. 'What are you in 
need of ? We are in need of money. It is wrcng thus 
to vent your auger on an innocent creature. He sat 
down by his mother's side, and gave free vent to his 
tears. I call to mind an incident of my life which I 
shall never forget. In sailing down the Elbe river I 
saw two people who clung to the keel of their boat, 
which was capsized. A boat was dispatched imme- 
diately to save them ; but before it could reach them. 



the two unfortunate persons let go their hold, and 
were di'owned. If you want me to teil you a story 
you must listen to me attentively. Please to take a 
seat. Be seated. Sit doT\Ti in tlus cliair. 

^flüdcn, to pict. mnn if)r ti?o((t, if yoii Tvant. 

nid^t wenicjcr, no less. ijergangcnc ^Ividt, last night. 

^firfi(^, peach. xmanc|enclMn, disagreeable. 

vor einer Stimtc, au hour ago. 2:raum, dream. 

I)cute %hnl, this eveuing. c^3 träumte mir, I dreamed. 

fönntc, could. £a6, roof. 

frülv early. faden, to fall. 

Bitten, to aslr. .^aU, neck. 

mitteilen, to inform. kact^, broke. 

fein n?ürre, would be. ^Vrtemonnaie, pocket-book. 

^rettger, minister. gefunren, fonnd. 

jjretigen, to preach. ironad), for which. 

glauben, to believe. hevjcn, to he. 

iber tcn 2:crt, on the text. ec ia{\, itlay. 

ter ijerlorene <3cl,nt, the -pio- (Sdmblvtre, drawer. 

digal son. unter, among. 

erfa(}renr to learn. .^emr, shirt. 

SSie ütcle 55trnen ()aft tu ßcpflücft ? 3c^ l)Ciht einen gan^ 
Jen großen 5lorb i?o(I gepflücft. ©eftern t)abe id) md)t n^eni:^ 
ger alö ^,et)n £crbe i?oU i?on 5)firftd)en gepflücft. 2öaö I)at 
teine <8d^n?efter Hr ^or einer (Btunte gefagt ? (Sie i)at mir 
gefagt, ba^ fte l)eute ^benb nicl)t ^u tir fcmmen fonnte. ^aft 
tu meinen 53ruter gefel)en? Sd) l)abe i^n I)eute 2)^Drgen 
frü^ gefef)en ; er hat mi($ bir mit^ut^eilen, ta^ er ^,um 3}Ht^ 
tag^eften JiU ^aufe fein würbe, |)aft bu betne ^eftion gc^ 
lernt ? 3d) ^abe fte nod^ nic^t gelernt. SSeld)er 9)rebiger 
hat \)mtt Wloxa^tn geprebtgt ? 3d^ glaube, ^err 91. ; er pre^ 
bigte über ben Xert öom verlorenen 3cl)n. 2öaö l^aft bu 
gefagt, aU bu biefe 5^a$ridU erfu()rft ? (Sagten *3te ettt>a§ ? 
3(^ Ycigte, il)r mü§tet fleißiger fein, trenn ij)r etmaö lernen 
wollet, 3d) l)abe in ^vergangener '^adjt einen fel)r xtnan^ 



90 Sc^vbud) tcr cnßUf^en (Epradjc* 

f;enel)meu Xxaum gel;abt. (5ö träumte mir, ta9 id) ücm 
2^ad)e meineö ^g)aufe0 fiel unt» teu .pa(0 brad)» 3d) Ijabe 
teilt ^Portemonnaie öcfunten, womd) tu fo lange ßcfudjt baft» 
2Ö0 ^at e^3 gelegen V (^^3 lag in tcincr (Edjublate unter tci- 
neu ^5)emten* 

ScfcfiÜEf 1. 

DEATII A:>:d BURIAL OF LITTLE NELL (lob unb Segraljni^ bcv 
Keinen ^icKi;). 

1. By little and little ^ tlic old man liad drawn back^ 
toward tlie inner cliamber/ -wliile tliese "^'ords -were 
spoken. He iDointed ^ tliere, as lie replied, with trem- 
bling^ lips, 

" Yon plot among you ° to wean " my hearfc from 
her. You Tvill never do tliat — never, wLile ^ I liave 
life. I liave no relation ^ or friend but her ^^ — I never 
had — I never will havc. She is all in all to me. It is 
too late to part^^ us noT7." 

2. Waving them off'^ with his hand, and calling 
sof tly to her ^^ as he went, he stole ^^ into the room. 
They who were left behind,^^ drew close together,^*^ and 
after a few whispered ^^ words — not iinbroken ^^ by 
emotion,^^ or easily uttered^^ — followed him. They 
moved"^^ so gently^-^ that their footsteps made no 
noise ; ^^ but there were sobs ^^ from among the group ^^ 
and Sounds -^ of grief ~^ and mourning.-^ 

3. For she was dead. There, upon her little bed, 
she lay at rest. The solemn ^^ stillness ^^ was no mar- 
vel ^^ now. Yes, she was dead. No sleep so beautiful 
and calm,^^ so free from trace of pain,^^ so fair to look 
upon.^^ She seemed a creature "^ fresh ^*^ from the 
hand of God, and waiting for ^' the breath ^^ of life ; 
not one who had hved and sufiered ^^ death. 

4. Her couch^^ was dressed^^ with here and there 
some -s^dnter-berries '^ and green leaves, gathered ^^ in 
a spot^^ she had been used to favor.^^ " When I die, 
put near me "^^ something that has loved the light, and 



always Lad tlie sky^' above it." ^^ These were lier 
•words. 

5. Sbe was dead. Dear, gentle, ■paiient,^^ noble "° 
Neil Tvas dead. Her Httle bM — a poor, slight thing ^^ 
tlie pressure ^"^ of a finger would liave ciTished ''" — was 
siirring^^ nimblj ^^ in its cage ;'^'' and the strong heart 
of its child-mistress^' was miite^^ and motionless^^ 
forever ! '^^ 

6. Where were tlie traces of her early cares,^^ her 
snjfferings/^ and fatigues ? ^^ All gone. Sorrow ^^ was 
dead, indeed, in her ; but peace ^^ and perfect happiness 
were born ; imaged '^^ in her tranquil '^' beauty "-^ and 
profound*^^ repose.'"* 

7. And stiU '^ her former seif '^ laythere, nnaltered" 
in this change.'^ Yes ; the old fire-side '^ had smiled" 
on that sweet face which had passed/' like a dream, 
through haunts '^ of miserj ''^ and care. At the door 
of the poor schoolmaster, on the summer-evening, be- 
fore the fumace-fii'e,^*^ npon the cold, wet^^ night, at 
the still bedside of the djing boy, there had been the 
same mild, lovely look. 

8. The old man held one languid ^^ arm in his, and 
kept the small hand tight ^-^ folded ^^ to his breast for 
warmth.^^ It was the hand she had stretched out ^^ to 
him with her last smile,^' the hand that had led ^^ him 
on through all their wanderings.^'^ Ever and anon ^*^ 
he pressed it to his hps ; then hugged ^^ it to his breast 
again ; murmuring ^^ that it was warmer now ; and as 
he Said it, he looked in agony ^^ to those who stood 
around, as if imploring them ^^ to help her. 

9. She was dead, and past "^ all help or need ''^ of it. 
The ancient ^' rooms she had seemed to fill ^-ith hfe,'"' 
even " while her own was ebbing fast ^^^ — the garden 
she had tended ^°^— the eyes she had gladdened ^^~ — 
the noiseless ^^'^ haunts of many a thoughtless hour ^^^ — 
the paths ^^^ she had trodden,"^^'' as it were,^^* but yes- 
terday^^^ — could know her no more.^^^ 

10. '• It is not," Said the schoolmaster, as he bent 
down ^^^ to kiss her on the cheek,^^^ and gave his tears 



92 M)vhnd) ter englifdjcn (Epradjc* 

free vent/^^ " it is not in fJds world tliat heaven's jus- 
tice ^^^ ends.^^^ Tliink ^^^ wliat earth is, compared ^^^ 
^ath the world to wliicJb her yoiing spirit ^^' Las winged 
its early fliglit,^^^ and say, if one deliberate ^^^ wish, 
expressed ^~^ in solemn terms ^"^ above tbis bed, conld 
call her back to life, which of us would utter ^^^ it." 

11. Thej were all about her at the time she died, 
knowing that the end was di'awing nigh.^^^ She died 
soon after daybreak.^^^ They had read and talked to 
her in the earliest portion ^~^ of the night, but as the 
hours crept on ^^'^ she sank to sleep. They could 
tell,^^^ by what ^^^ she faintly ^^^ nttered in her di'eams, 
that they were ^^^ of her joumeyings ^"^ with the old 
man ; they were of no painful ^"^ scenes, but of those 
who had helped them, and used^'^" them kuidly ; for 
she often said, v»'ith great fervor,^^^ " God bless you !" 
Waking,^^^ she never wandered in her mind ^''^ but 
once,^^' and that was at the sound ^"'^ of beautiful music 
which she said was in the aii\ God knows. It may 
have been. 

12. Opening her eyes, at last, from a very quiet 
sleep, she begged that they would kiss her once again.^^^ 
That done,^^^ she tumed^^^ to the old man, with a 
lovely smile upon her face ^ ^~ — such, they said, as they 
had never before seen, and neyer could forget — and 
clung^^^ with both her arms about his neck.^^^ They 
did not know that she was dead, at first. 

13. For the rest,'^^ she had never murmured ^^^' or 
complained ; ^^'' but, with a quiet mind, and manner 
cjuite unaltered — save ^^^ that she every day became 
more eamesfc and more gi'ateful to them — she had 
faded away ^''^ like the light uj)on the sammer' s even- 



^ alfmältg,, ^ fiatte fid6 5,urücfgc;p(^cn, ^ nac^ bcm tnncrn ©cmadjCr 
* utgtc, ^ tebenb, ^ iU fc^micbct ^lam unter cyd>, " (cmiröf»ncn) Icd^ 
TeipcH/ ^ fc lanae, * 3?crrpanbte, '" aU fie, " trennen, '- fte atnvcbrcnb, '^ ihr 
fanft rufenb, '■* ftaH er ficö (fd^li* er), '^ bie ;urnc!blictcn, "^ traten einanber 
nätier, ^^ gcffüftert, ^» ununterbrp*en, '^ innerer ^cn>caun(i, ^^ ^er^oraebradht, 
" bewegten fici}, " Icifc, -s ©crdufd), 2-1 ecl)Iud}^cn, ' 25 m^jcr bcm ^^äutlcin, 



3fle3clmapigc0 3cttttJort. Vergangene 3eit, 93 

2« Zürn, " Trauer, 23 Se^flagen, 29 feierli^, s" (BüUc, si ©unbcr, 32 ^u^ig, 
33 jjon ©puren teö Sc^mer^ee, 34 j-ß UebUc^ an^itfc^aucn, 3ö srijjj-g„^ 35 ^^^^^ 
(^er^orocgangen), 3i n?artcnb auf, 3s r)t,em, 39 erlitten, *^ Säger, ^i gcfdjmütft, 
'•' 23eeren, ^3 gcpTlücft, ** StcÜe, ^^ bie i^r kfonberd lieb c;enjefen tüar, ^s jeget 
neben mid}, •*" Fimmel, *■* über ficb, '^^ gebulbig, ^0 j^el, si ficineö Söefcn (»et* 
^ee), '■* 3)rucf, ^3 jcrbrücft, ^4 bewegte ftc^, '">' be^enb, ^^ ^apg, " finblicf)c 
Herrin, " ftumm, ^^ bewegungslos, «» auf immer, «^ frü^e Sorgen, ^2 Reiben, 
«3 2)^übfale, «■» baS Ceib, «' i^riebe, ^^ eingeprägt, "(ru^ig) frieblicb, ^^ec^ijn* 
^eit, «Miefe, ^0 Otu^e, ''» bo^, " i^r früheres ©elb|l, "unseränbert, '^ 2ö'ed)^ 
fei, '» I)cimat^lic^e ©tätte, '« ^atte angelächelt, '''' fid) bewegt ^atte, '^ (Bd^lupf^ 
winfel, " eienb, ^^ Äaminfeuer, ^^ (nap) regncrifc^, ^^lebloS, ^3feff, ^''■o^^falM, 
^' um fie ^u erwärmen, ^^ auSgeilrecft, " Säckeln, ^s gefübrt, ^^ ißanberungen, 
30 immer aufs 9ieuc, 9' brücfte liebfofcnb, ^^ flüilernb, 93ängftlid^, s^alSoberfic 
önflel)cn mödite, ^^ überf)obcn, ^^ 9?ot^, 9' alt, »^ ^u beleben, ^^ fogar, 'o» fd^nett 
ba^in fc^wanb, 'oi gepflegt, 102 erfreut, ^o^ fj|((^ io4 sj^uieflunbc, '«^ gx^^t>(., 
106 betreten, 'o^ gleic^fam, ^^^ geilern nocb, ^^3 fanntcn fie nic^t me^r, "<> wie er 
fic^ nieberbcugte, ^'^ SBange, ^^2 ^^[^^^ Jbränen freien Sauf liep, ^'3 ©ered^tig* 
feit, ^-"^ i^ren STbfc^Iup finbet, "s bebenfet, '^^ serglic^en, ^'^ ©eif!, "« feinen 
frühen ^^lug genommen f)at, ^'^ wohlüberlegt, ^-^ auSgcbrücft, ^^^ mit feierlid)cn 
S©orten, '- ouSfprcAen, ^23 bcrannaljte, '24 XaacSanbrudv ^25 ^^ «Beginne, 
^26 balnnfd)lic^cn, '^^ fcbliepcn, ''-s ^uS bem, Yoai, 129 (^1,-^^ iso i,(jp j^^^fe Ijanbel^ 
ten, ^31 2ß(tnberungenf ^32 [cl}mer^licb, ^33 be^anbelt, ^34 3nj^|(^f£j{^ ^^'^ im tttadizn^, 
ben Buflanbe, ^36 p{>antafirte fte nie, ^3t ausgenommen einmal, '3« bei bem 
.Klange, >39 noc^ einmal, ^^ als bieS gefd}e^en, '4' wanbte fte fid^, ^^2 5tntli$, 
''^ Hämmerte fidj, ^^4 ^^jig, 145 jjj^ Uebrigen, ^^^ gemurrt, ^^^ gcflagt, "^ ^^^^ 
genommen, ^^^ ba^ingef^wunben. 

ßefeftütf 2. 

DEATH AND BÜRIAL OF LITTLE NELL. (Sc^Iup.) 

1. The child who liad been her little friend, came 
there, almost as soon as it was day, with an offering ^ 
of dried ^ flowers, which he begged them to lay upon 
her breast.^ He told ^ them of his dream ^ again, and 
that it was ^ of her being restored to them, ' just as 
she used to be.^ He begged hard ^ to see her — say- 
ing that he would be very quiet/^ and that they need ^^ 
not fear his being alarmed ; ^* for he had sat ^^ alone 
by his yonnger brother all day long ^^ when he was 
dead, and he had feit glad ^^ to be so near him. They 
let him have ^^ his wish ; and, indeed, he kept ^* his 
Word, and was, in his childish ^^ way,^^ a lesson ^^ to 
them all. 

2. Up to that time ^^ the old man had not spoken 



94 ?cl;rBuc^ ter cnglifd^cn 3prac^e, 

once,^^ except ^'^ to her, nor stirred ^^ from the bedside. 
But, wlien he saw her Httle favorite,^^ he was moved ^^ 
as they had not seen him yet ; and he made ^^ as 
though^^ he would have^'-* the lad ^"^ come nearer.^^ 
Then, pointing ^^ to the bed, he burst ^^ hito tears for 
the first time ; and they who stood by, knowmg that 
the sight ^^ of this child had done him good, left them 
alone together. 

3. Sootlüng "'' him vrith his artless ^^ talk ^' of her, 
the child persuaded "^ him to täte some rest,^^ to 
walk abroad,^^ to do as he desired him.^^ And, when 
the day camo on ^Yhich they must remove^^ her, in 
her earthly shape,'^" from earthly eyes forever,^^ he 
led^^ the old man away, that he might not know^^ 
when she was taken from him. They were to^^ 
gather ^^^ fresh leaves and berries for her bed. 

4. And now the bell '^^ — the bell she had so of ten 
heard by night and day, and hstened to ^^ with solemn 
pleasure,^^ almost as a living Yoiee,^^ rung ^^ its re- 
morseless^^ toll"^ for her, so young, so beantiful, so 
good. Decrepit ^^ age,^' and vigorous ^^ Ufe, and bloom- 
ing ^^ youth,^" and helpless infancy ^^ poured forth'^^' — 
on crutches,^^ in the pride ^^ of strength and health, in 
the füll blnsh ^^ of promise,^*^ in the mere dawn '^^ of 
life — to gather ^^ round her tomb.^^ Old men were 
there, whose eyes were dim "^ and senses '^ failing '^ — 
grandmothers who might have died '" ten years ago, 
and still '^ been old — the deaf^ the blind, the lame, the 
palsied,'^ the Hving dead ^^ in many shapes'* and 
forms, to see the closing ^^ of that early "^ grave. 

5. Along ^^ the crowded ^^ path they bore ^^ her now, 
pure ^^ as the new-fallen ^^ snow that covered "^ it, 
whose day on earth häd been as fleeting.^^ Under 
the porch,^^ where she had sat when Heaven in its 
mercy ^^ brought her to that peaceful ^^ spot, she 
passed again, and the old church received ^^ her in its 
quiet shade. 

6. They carried her to one quiet nook,^^ where she 
had many and many a time sat musing,^' and laid theii* 



burden °^ softly on tlie pavement.^^ The light streamed 
on it '■^^ through the colored '•'*^ window — a window where 
the bouglis '-'' of trees vrere ever rustJing ^^ in the Sum- 
mer, and where the birds sang sweetly all daj long. 
With every breath of air '-''^ that stirred^"'^ among those 
branches in the sunshine, some trembhng/^^ chang- 
ing ^°^ light would fall upon her grave. 

7. Earth to earth — ashes ^^^ to ashes — dust ^^^ to 
dust. Many a young hand dropped in its little 
wreath ^^^ — many a stifled sob ^*^^ was heard. Some — 
and they wero not few — knelt down.^^^ All were sin- 
cere ^^^ and truthful ^^-^ in their sorrow.^^^ 

8. The Service done/^^ the mourners^^^ stood apart/^" 
and the villagers ^^^ closed round ^^^ to look into the 
grave before the pavement-stone should be replaced.^^^ 
One called to mind^^' how he had seen her sitting on 
that very spot, and how her book had fallen on her 
lap,"^ and she was gazing "^ vdth a pensive face '^^ 
upon the sky. 

9. Another told how he had wondered much ^^^ that 
one so dehcate ^^^ as she should be so bold ; ^^^ how 
she had never feared to enter the church alone at 
night, but had loved to Hnger ^~^ there when all was 
quiet, and even ^^^ to chmb ^'"^ the tower-stair ^~* with 
no more Kght than that of the moon's rays ^-^ steal- 
ing ^'^^ through the loopholes^'^*^ in the thick, old walls. 

10. A whisper \<-ent about^'^^ among the oldest there, 
that she had seen and talked "^ith angels ; ^^' and 
when they called to mind how she had looked,^^^ and 
spoken, and her early death, some thought it might 
be so indeed.^^^ Thus coming to the grave in little 
knots,^^^ and glancing ^^^ down, and giving place ^^' 
to others, and falling off ^^^ in whispering groups of 
three or four, the church was cleared,^^^ in time,^^*^ of 
all but ^^^ the sexton ^^^ and the mourning friends. 

11. They saw the vault ^^^ covered, and the stone 
fixed down. Then, when the dusk^^^ of evening had 
come on, and not a sound disturbed ^^^ the sacred ^^''^ 
stillness of the place — when the bright moon poured 



96 ^t^xbnd) fcer cnglifc^en «Sprad^e. 

in ^^" her light on tomb and monnment, on pillar/^^ 

wall, and arch/^^ and, most of all (it seemed to them), 

upon her quiet grave — in that calm ^^^ time, when all 

outward things ^""^ and inward thoughts ^'^ teem ^^^ with 

assarances ^^^ of immortalitj,^^^ and worldly hopes and 

fears are humbled in the dust ^^*^ before them — with 

tranquil ^"'' and submissive ^^^ hearts, they turned away, 

and left the child with God. 

Dickens. 

^ ßiekögak, " nctrotfnet, ^ 33rujl, ^ eT3,ät)Ite, ^ Xxaum, ^ bag er baörn 
lanbelte, "' tag iiz i()ncii miebcrgcgebcn fei, ® aerabe fc, wie Tic früher »ar, 
9 bringenb, ^° ftill, " l^rauc^ten, ^' bap er fid) erfcl)recfen würbe, ^^ gefeffen, 
1* ben ganzen 3:a9, ^^ Mm fid) gefreut, ^»^ fie gaben md), ^' biclt, ^^ finbli^, 
^^ SÖcite, "-^^ Setire, ^' (nß babin, ^"-^ einmal, ^ auegenommen, ^^ ncd) jic^ ent^ 
fernt, '^' SieHing, ^^ bewegt,' ^' tf)at, ^»aie ob, ^9 ^^ j,^j,gj^ j^pj^te, ba^, ^e bei 
fleine Burfc^e, ^i näber, ^'^ weifenb, ^^ brac^ er auö, ^ 3(nbU(f, ^5 berubigenb, 
^ ungetümlelt, 2" ©efpräd), ^- überrebetc, ^^ fid) etwaö C^ufje j^u gi?nnen, ^'^ fort=* 
juge^en, ^ waö er »on il)m ^aben woütc, ^'^ wegfd)affen, ^^ irbif^c ^üKe, '^^ für 
immer, ^ führte, '^^ bamit er nidn erfahre, ^^ fie foßten, *^ fammeln, ^' bie 
©locfe, ^^ ber fic gelaufc^t I)attc, ^^ mit innigem SJergnügen, "^ «Stimme eine^ 
Scbenben, ^^ lic§ erfd)aEen, '"^ imiU^ (o^ne ©cwiffenebiffc), ^^ ©elaute, ^^ t*tn^ 
fäUig, " ©reifenalter, ^- fraft^oü, '"^ blül^cnb, '^<' 3ugenb, " ^inbbcit, ^^ flröm^ 
ten ^erbei, '^^ ^rücfen, " in ber Süüe (3toh)f ^' Sßlütbe, ^^ SJerfieipung, 
^^ 5)?orgen, ^* fic^ ^u fd>aaren, ^^ ®rab, '"^ trüb, '^ Sinne, '^ am (B*winben, 
" Ratten f!erben fönnen, '^ boc^, " gid>tbrüd)ig, '^ Sebenbigtobte, " ©eftalten, 
■'S ba^ od)liepen, '^ frül> ^^längö, *'H'id)t_gebrängt, ^Mrugen, *^ rein, ^ frifd}* 
gefaüen, 'Hebedte, ^^ ebenfo rafd) babingefdwunben war, ^'ißor^atte, ^*33arm^ 
ler^iigfeit, ^^ frieblicb, »^ na^m auf, ^^ äöinfel, ^^ in Sinnen »ertieft, ^^ Sürbcr 
w g liefen, ^= ergcp fidi barauf, ^« bunt, 5" 3tx>eige, «^ j^etd rauf*tcn, »^ Suft^ 
jug, if'«> fii^ regte, ^^^ ^itternb, ^o- f*wan!enb, i*« 3tf*e, ^«^ Staub, 105 ^ranj, 
^»•^ unterbrüdteö Sc^lud)'5en, ^^' fnieten nieber, "^^ aufrichtig, ^^^ wa^r, 
"0 Srauer, ^^^ alö bie Seierli*feit vorüber war, "^ Oeibtragenbe, ''^ j^ateit 
ld\dit, ^'^ Dorfbewohner, ^^^ fd)Ioffen fic^ jufammcn, ""^ wicber an feinen 3)la^ 
gelegt, ^^^ erinnerte ftd\ '^^ Sc^oof', "^ angefd^aut ^atte, ^-^ mit ftnncnben 5lu* 
gen, ^^i t,jie er fic^ fcbr gewunbert ph, ^'^^ wU '-'' mutbig, '"^^ weilen, i" fo^ 
gar, ^''' ^u erflimmen, ^^^'- 3:burmtrev.pe, '-^ «UJonbftrablcn, '-^ bie fid) fiablen, 
^=^0 «Riten, ^^^ Gin ©cflüfier aina ringö umber, ^''' Gngel, '- aue^gcfel)en, '^ eö 
!onne fic^ wobi fo »erhalten, '^^ ©ruppcn, ^^^ blicEenb, ^"^' ^m macbenb, ^^^Jd) 
entfemenb, '39 j^urbe leer, '^ aümälig, "' bid auf, '^- .^lüiler, '^^ ®e* 
wölbe, ^^^ Dämmerung, ^^^ unterbrad^, ^*« feierli*, '"^^ ergo^, '•** 9)feiler, 
^43 Spifebogen, ^='> ru^ig, ^^^ Stupenbinae, ^^^ innem ®ebanfcn, ^^^ erfüllt llnb 
(flutben), '^''* ©ewip^elt, ^" UnftcrbUd)fcit, ^'^ in ben Staub gebemüt^igt finb, 
^^' rubig, ^^^ ergeben. 



5ltöerMen, 



97 



£eßtioii XV. 

^cbcn^attcn : in ümey to rememher to, io afford, to 
earUf to deserve, to he sorry, never mind, no matte7% to 
horroic, to lend^ to take pains, to siicceed iiu 



SßnrtcrsS^crjcit^ni)). 



ßometimes, mitunter, 

less, mcnij^er. 

difficult, fcbirieri^. 

tobe silent, [d)ivcij^cii, 

business, ©efd^aft (^Meit). 

pleasure, Sjergitügeit. 

frank, offen, aufrid^ttg. 

we sbould, mir fotlten, 

to despair, öer^aßen, 

people, Seute, [n?ed)fcL 

reverse of fortune, (3lüd^i^ 

to be pitied, gu klauern. 

seldom, feiten. 

liappens, paffirt» 

tliat I am clieated, tajj id) 

ktrogen luerte, 
ever, je. 
such a noise, fold) einen 2ar^ 

nten. 
to triTst, trauen. 
to betray, oerratkn. 
ever and again, triehr^olt. 
to take pains, ftd) ^O^übe geben. 
to find fault witb, etmaß aui5^ 

jufe^cn ftnben an, [werten. 
to be disappointed, getaufd^t 
jou. will come and see us, tu 

mirft unö kit kfu(ien. 
we sliall be happy, wir werten 

unö freuen. 
to receive, empfangen. 
once, einft. 



jump a fence, iikr eine Giu:? 

frietigung fpringen. 
at your house, ki 3bncn. 
to-morrow morning, morgen 
last, ink^t* [frük 

to neglect, i^erfäumen. 
to improve, fid) aueklten. 
to get, kfommen. 
a cliance, eine G)e(egenl;eit. 
please, Htte, 
I want, id) will, 
at once, fofort. 
to obey, gel)or(^en, 
under the most pecnliar cir- 

cumstances, unter ten eigen:? 

tlmmlid^ften Umftdnten. 
to be lost, 3U verlieren. 
in time, ju red^ter ^üt 
to Start, aufbrei^en. 
train, 3ug. 
it is I, icb Mn''ö. 
to open, aufmalten, 
far, weit, 

Vienna, ^kn* [mir. 

Eemember me to, grüpe tum 
near and dear, lieb unt wertt), 
neitber, leine »on beitcn. 
so do I, td) aud). 
neither do I, id) and) nid)t, 
I like to go, x6>. gebe gern» 
to afford, ausfübren. 
to earn, ijertienen. 



98 



?e][)rl)ud) bcr englif^en (5prac^( 



tlian they deserve, aU ibncn 

gufommt» 
etilogy, ackere» 
bestowed, ßcfpcntct, 
merited, i^erticnt, 
supply, '^iij^ebot* 
liardly, faiim» 
demand, 5la(ffraf|C. 
honesty is tbe best policy, 

et)rüd) m^xt am Idn^ften, 
rogues, Spi^Outcn. 
to fall out, fid} ent^ircicn. 
will get their ovm, fommcn 311 

tem 3f)nj]en, 
to rise, aufftekrt» 
wealthy, Ji^cl}i()vi6cnh 
in need, in tcr 5^ot{). 
pitcher, ^rug» 
I could not help it, ici} fonnte 

nidn rafür. 
never mind, [d^at't nid}te>» 
anyhov/, tcd) nur» 
long ago, fdon lange, 
to lend, Icil}en (3cmantem). 



to boiToWj Ici(;en (öon Seman- 
tem). 

teil liim to buy, fage i^m, ta^ 
er faufe. 

desk, ^utt. 

no matter, einerlei. 

you cannot, Sic türfen nidjt» 

seat, Si^. 

occupied, E^efe^t. 

I don't care, c^ ift mir o^Uxä>^ 
ijiel. 

to talie pains, fid) ^lüh gekn. 

io finish, kentigcn, fertig mn:: 
d)en, 

task, 5lufgate. 

I did not succeed, cC^ gelang 
mir nid^t. 

he succeeds in all, ec gelingt 
i^m 3lllei3 (iva^?). 

to undertake, nnternel^mcn. 

to persuade, überretcn. 

to abandon, ijerlaffen. 

wicked, töfc, gottloi?. 

companion, fecfabrtc. 



llcbung§55IuigaBc 1. 

It is sometimes less difficult to speak tban to be si- 
lent. Cliildren sometimes Tvish for what is not good 
for tbem. First business, then pleasure. My fi'iends 
always told me tliat I was too frank. We sliould never 
despair. People wlio always despair after every little 
reverse of their fortnne are to be pitied. It seldom 
happens to me that I am cheated. Did you ever hear 
such a noise ? I never trusted a man who has be- 
trayed bis friend. I told you ever and again that if 
you do not take more pains, you will never leam Eng- 
lish. We often find fault with our friends. It often 
happens that you will be disappointed. I hope you 
will soon come and see us. We shall always be liappy 
to receive you. There was once a time v>^hen I could 



^Imxhkn. 99 

jump a fence six feet liigli. I shall be at vour house 
early to-morrow morning. Wlien did you^see Jolin ? 
I saw liim last in Berlin. Xow is the*^ time to learn. 
If you neglect now to improve, yon will never get a 
cliance again. Please, teil Frank that I vrant to see 
Lim at once. I already told him ; but yon know lie 
never obeys. "When I was in Europe last, it was under 
tlie most pecuKar circumstances. 

öicbcnsartcn. — There is no time to bo lost; if yon 
want to be in time for tlie train, yon mnst start now. 
"Wlio is there ? It is I. Please, open tlie door. I 
have no time now to see yon. How far is it fi'om Ber- 
lin to Yienna ? It is farther tlian from Berlin to Eome. 
Eemember me to all tliat are near and dear to me. 
Here is an orange and a banana ; which do yon want ? 
I want neitber. I do not want eitber. My brotber 
wants to learn Spanisb, and so do I. He does not nn- 
derstand Spanisb, neitlier do I. I like to go to tbe 
opera, but I cannot always afford it. Hovr mncli money 
does a painter eam ? They sometimes earn more tlian 
tbey deserve to eam. Tbe enlogy bastowed npon tbis 
boy was well meiited. Tbere is a great supply of coal 
in tbe market, but tbere is bardly any demand. Hon- 
esty is tbe best policy. T\lien rognes fall out, bonest 
men T\-ill get tbeir own. Early to bed and early to rise, 
makes a man bealtby, wealtby and wise. A Mend in 
need is a friend indeed. I bave broken your pitcber ; 
I am Tery sorry, but I could not belp it. Never mind, 
it was an old one, anybow. I wanted to buy anotber 
long ago. I want to borrow some money. Can you 
lend me ten doUars ? I cannot. Teil bim to buy a 
desk for me, no matter bow mncb it may cost. You 
cannot take tbis seat ; it is already occupied. I don't 
care ; I sball take anotber, tben. TVTiere tbere is a 
will, tbere is a way. If you want to learn Engbsb, 
yon mnst take pains. I took great pains to finisb my 
task in time, but I did not succeed. He succeeds in 
all be undertakes. Did you succeed in persuading bim 
to abandon bis wicked companious. 



100 



^c^rbud) fcer enölifd)en ©pradjc. 



S9ßörtcr^25cr3ciiftiüfe. 



?fltagarafaK, Niagara Falls, 
©pa^iergan^, walk. 
Begleiten, to accompany. 
2lugcnMi(J, moment. 
kgiefen, to water. 
lange ^er, a long time ago. 
5)atcrftatt, native town. 
ftd) tu'ränt^crn, to change. 
fe()r, very mucli. 
fct)neller, faster. 
gu andern 2^iUn, at otlier 

times. 
na§, wet. 
gefnnb, healthy. 
(^rd§(idi, awful, terrible. 
Unglücf, calamity. 
ijorig, last, 
pajfirt ift, has happened. 



Reffet, boiler. 
cxplotiren, to explode. 
ntd^t tvcnigcr, no less. 
itmc Sebcn fommen, to perish. 
antrtcn ijcrmuntct, were 

wounded. 
Unglüdöfaü, accident. 
ffc^ ereignen, to occur. 
beendigen, to fiuisli. 
fertig, done. 

li^enn and), even tliough. 
33erfpred)en, promise. 
l)o(en, to fetcli. 
£)rt, i^lace. 
liegt, is situated. 
ter le^tcrc, tlie latter. 
getrennt, separated. 



^abm (Bit je ten ^^liagara gall ßefel^en ? 3cl) I;aBc i!;u 
oft gefel)en, aber mein SSruoer nie, ' SBillft tu mid) je^t auf 
einem ®pa vergang begleiten ? 3(^ ^abe jegt tiefen 5iugen^ 
blicf feine ^üt ; id) mug erft meine Blumen begießen» (So 
ift lange l)tx, tag id^ meine S?aterftabt gefeljen );)dbt ; alö i^ 
fte ?sUle^t fal), l)atte fie ft^ febr i^erantert. Öi^weilen arbeite 
id) Vid f^netler, alö ju antern 3^iten* Xk naffeften ^cm^ 
mer ftnt nid)t immer tie gefüntcften» $^ft tu fd)on i^on tem 
gräglic^en Unglücf gehört, taö vorigen Sonntag paffirt ift ? 
iDer Reffet einei3 IDampfbooteö erplotirte, unt nid)t «weniger 
aiö ^rei^untert 9}tenf4en famen tabei um$ ?eben cter n?ur^ 
ten yenüuntet, 8old)e Unglüd^fäUe ereignen ftd) l^ier nid)t 
feiten, 2öann inerten ©ie 3l)re 5(rbeit beentigt baben ? 3db 
werte ebcr tamit fertig fein, alö 8ie teufen. 'Söenn id) and) 
man^mal dtwa^ ^^t-geffe, fo i^rgeffe id) tod) nie ein ö^^A^be^ 
neö 35erfpred)en. $ier b^ft tu einen 2:baler unt ta ift ein 
^orb ; nun gebe bin unt |ole mir fünf 9)funt i^on tem beften 



5(b»erbtetu 101 

53ccfftcaf Beim <Sd)lad)tcr. 2Bic weit \\i cC^ H5 ^ubcm Trt, 
ter tort »or imö Hegt. 5^ie (5tatt 53rooflpu liegt gan^ naj)e 
ki 9]em gjorf ; ftc ift 'oon ter leiteten nur t)ur^ ten (Saft 
Selber getrennt, 

ßeiepüif 1- 

THE YOUTHFUL WITNESS (!Der jugenbli^e Seugc). 

1. A little girl, nine years of age/ was offerecl ^ as 
a witness in a court of justice,^ against a prisoner who 
was on trial ^ for a crime ^ committed ^ in her father's 
house. 

2. *'Now, Emily," said tlie counsel "^ for the pris- 
oner, " I desire ^ to know if you understand tlie na- 
ture^ of an oath." ^^ " I don't know what you mean," 
was the simple reply.^^ " There," ^^ said tbe counsel, 
addressing ^^ the jndge,^^ " is anything farther neces- 
sary ^^ to show ^^ that this witness should be rejected ?^'' 
She does not understand the nature of an oath." 

3. "Letussee," said the judge. " Come here, my 
daughter." Encouraged ^^ by the kind tone and man- 
ner ^^ of the jndge, the child stepped^*^ ioward him,^'^ 
and looked ^^ contidingly ^^ up in his face with a calm,^^ 
clear ^^ eye, and in a manner so artless ^^ and frank, 
that it went straight ^' to the heart. 

4. "Didyouever take an oath?"^^ inqnired^^ the 
judge. The little girl stepped back ^^ with a look of 
horror,^^ and the red blood came up in a blush all oyer 
her face ^^ and neck,^^ as she answered, " No, sir." 
She thought ^^ he intended to ^^ inquire if she had ever 
blasphemed ! ^® 

5. "I do not mean that," said the judge, who saw 
her mistake ; ^' "I mean, were joii ever a witness be- 
fore ?" " No, sir ; I never was in court before ;" was 
the answer. 

6. He handed ^' her the Bible open.^^ " Do you 
know that book, my daughter ?" She looked ^'^ at it, 
and answered, " Yes, sir ; it is the Bible." *' Can you 



102 2el;rl5ud) ter engltfdjen Sprad)e, 

teil me wliat tlie Bible is ?" inquired the juclge. " It 
is the Word of the great God," she answered. 

7. "Well," Said the judge, " place '^^ yonr hand 
upon this Bible, and hsten to what ^^ I say ;" and he 
repeated,^^ slowly ^^ and solemnlj,^^ the foUowing 
oath : ^'^ " Do jou swear ^ ' that, in the evidence ^^ which 
you shall give ^^ in this case,^^ you will teil the truth, 
the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, and that 
you ask God to help you?" " I do," she rephed. 

8. " Now," Said the judge, " you have sworn as a 
witness ; will you teil me what will befall you ^^ if you 
do not teil the trath ?" " I shaU be shut up^^ i^ tj^^ 
State prison," ^^ answered the cliild. " Anything 
eise ?" ^^ asked the judge. " I shall never go to 
heaven,"^^ she rephed. 

9. " How do you know this ?" asked the judge again. 
The cliild took the Bible, turned ^"^ rapidly ^'^ to the 
chapter^^ containing^^ the commandments,^^ andpoint- 
ing to the one ^^ which reads,*^^ " Thou shalt not bear 
false witness against thy neighbor," ^^ said, *' I leamed 
that before ^^ I could read." 

10. " Has any one talked with you about your 
being^^ a witness in court ^^ here against this man ?" 
inquired the judge. " Yes, sir ;" she replied, " mj 
mother heard they wanted me to be ^' a witness, and 
last night "^^ she callecl^^ me to her room and asked me "''^ 
to teil '^ her the Ten Commandments ; and then we 
kneeled down '' together ; and she prayed '^ that I 
might understand how wicked ^^ it was to bear false 
witness against my neighbor, and that God would help 
me, a httle child, to teil the truth. And when I came 
here with father, she kissed me, and told me to remem- 
ber '^ the ninth commandment, and that God would 
hear every word that I said." 

11. " Do you believe this ?" asked the judge, while a 
tear glisten.ed "'^ in his eye, and his lip quivered ' ' with 
emotion. '^ " Yes, sir ;" said the child, with a voice and 
manner that showed her füll belief '^ in its truth. 
" God bless ^^ you, my child," said the judge, " you 



ÜltiHvlncu. 103 

liave a good mother. Tlie witness is competent," be 
coutinuecl, turning^^ to tlie prisoner's counsel. " Were 
I on trial ^'^ for my life,^^ and innocent ^" of the cliarge ''^ 
against me, I "would pray God for such a witness as 
tbis. Let her bc examined." ^''^ 

12. Sbe told her story witb tbo simplicity ^" of a 
cbild, as sbe Avas ; but tbere was tbat in ber manner 
and Yoice wbicb carried conviction of ber trntbfubiess 
to every beart.^^ Tbe counsel for tbe prisoner asbed 
ber a multitude ^^ of ingenious ^^ questions ; but in 
notbing did sbe yary ^^ from ber first statement.^^ 

13. Tbe trutb, as spoken by tbat bttle cbild, was 
subHme.^^ Falsebood °^ and perjury,^^ on tbe part ^'^ of 
tbe prisoner, bad preceded ^' ber testimony,'^^ and vil- 
lainy^^ bad made np ^^'^ for bim a sbam defense.^^^ But 
by ber testimony falsebood was scattered ^'^^ like cbaff.^^" 
Tbe bttle cliild, for wbom a motber bad prayed for 
strengtb to be given ber ^^^ to speak tbe trutb as it 
was before God, broke tbe cunning^^^ devices ^'^'^ of 
matured-^' villainy to pieces, Hke a potter s ^^^ vessel.^^^ 
Tbe strengtb tbat ber motber prayed for was given 
ber ; and tbe sublime and terrible ^^" simplicity ^-^ witb 
wbicb sbe spoke, terrible to tbe prisoner and bis as- 
sociates,^^'^ was liko ^^^ a revelation ^^^ from God bim- 
self. 

S n Hammoxd. 



^ alt, ^ würbe ijor9cfü|rt, ^ ®evtc!^tv|»cf, ^ vor ®eric6t, ^ ißerBrccf^en, ^ lc== 
gangen, ' Slntvalt, ^ irünfcf^e, ^ 23ebcutimg, 'o Gib (nnter llmtlänbcn aiui) 
,,%iud)"), " Stntn^cri, '- ba I^aBcn wir'c, ^^^'^anrebcnb, ^^ 9Uc(ner, '^hbarfcvj 
ncd) cin'>^ S?citcren, ^^ geigen, ^' abgercicfcn ii^crbcn fcütc, ^^ crmutMgt, ^^ ©c^ 
ne!)men, -^ fd>riu, '^^ auf ibn ju, ^- blidte, -^ s^crtraiiencijctf, ^-i rubig, ^5 cmv., 
2^ unge^,»ungcn, -Hircft, ^^^ail bu je einen Gib geleiftet? (fann aber auä) kipen: 
:^ail bu je geftu(^t), ^9 fragte, so jj^t einen Sd^ritt jurücf, ^^ mit einem 5(uC'bruc! 
sjcn 5tOfd)eu, ^- eine tiefe 9?ct^e ergcp \\dj über i^x Slntli^, ^s ^^l-?, ^ meinte, 
3^ tt>olIte, 2s geläflert, ^' Srrtfjum, ^s reichte, ^^ aufgcfdilagen, ^^ :6etrad^tete, 
41 lege, ^ '^örc auf ba^, t»ae, ^^ Jpieberf)clte, ^ langfam, ^^ feierli*, ^'^ bie 
fcigenbe Gibe^formel, ^' fd>n>ör|l bu, '*=' Seugnip, ^^ ablegen trirfi, ^° Otec^t^falf 
" mai beiner wartet, ^- eingefd^Icffen trerben, '^ ©taate^gcfängnip, ^ fonft ncc^ 
ctwa^, " ^mmd, ^6 fy^tc, °^ fc^netl, °^ Äa^itel, ^^ entMttenb, «o (^^Uu, 
^^ »eifenb auf ba^ienige, *^'^ lautet, ^^ t<u fotffl nidn falfd) Seugnip reben wibcr 
bcincn ))Ud}\ttn, ^t^z, "barübcr, ha^ bu fein foUtcil, ^©erid}t, 6" man wollte, 



104 M)xbud) ter englifd^cu (cprad)e* 

iä) feilte fein, *^^ gcficrn Sfhnb, ^^ rief, '° forfcertc mic^ auf, '^ auf^ufaacn, 
'■^ fnicten nicber, " betete, '■* gottlob, ''^fagte mir, id) folle tenfett an, '** gtämtc, 
'" gitterte, '" •sex Seircgung, '^ ©lau&e, ^o fegne, ^^ u^ »enbenb, ^'^ wäre tc^ 
angeflagt, ^-^auf Xcb unb Öekn, ^unfc^ulbtg/^^ 5fnflage, ^^ man cjaminire fic, 
^' Sinfalt, ^ treld}eö jebeö §crj öcn i^rer Sßa^rdaftigfcit überzeugte, ^^ 5Kcngc, 
öo öertt)icfelt, ^^ tt>id} fie ah, ^'^ 5tuöfage, ^^ erl)aben, " ^üge, ^^ 2Kcinc*ib, 
35 ijon Seiten, ^' irarcn öcrauögegangen, °^ Seugniß, ^^ <Scburfcrci, ^^ ju 
Stonbe gcbrad'>t, '"^^ elenbe Scbein^^SJertbcibigung, ^°- ^erilob, '°3 ^^rcu, 
^o-* bap ibr ilraft gcacbcn werben möchte, '^^ liilia. '*^^ Stnfcbläge, '<^^ abgefeimt, 
^0^ löpfer, '«^ä ©efätv ^^f* fc^recflic^, ^^^ Ginfalt, »^^ epiepgefettcn, "^ j^ie, 
"* Dtfeubarung. 

Öcfcftüsf 2, 

THE YOüXG SHEPHEPtD (Xcr junge ©c^äfer). 

1. Slia-Abbas, king of Persia, l3eing on bis travels/ 
witbdrew ^ from bis retinae,'^ in order to visit tbe coun- 
tiy, and tbere, TS'itbout being known,^ to bebold ^ man- 
Idnd ^ in all tbeir native '* freedom. He took witb bim 
only one of bis officers,^ as an attendant.^ 

2. " I am wearj," ^^ said be, " of Hving among ^^ 
sjcopbants/^ wbo take all occasions ^'^ to overreacb,^^ 
wbile tbey flatter ^^ me. I am determined ^^ to visit 
bnsbandmen ^' and sbepberds, -wbo know notbing of 
me." 

3. He traveled Tvitb bis confidant^^ tbrougb severaP^ 
villages '"^^ wbere tbe peasants ^^ were dancing, and was 
overjoyed ^^ to see tbat bis subjects,'-^ tbougb at sucb 
a distance from court, bad tbeir diversions,^^ and tbose 
so ^^ innocent and inexpensiver''^ 

4. After refresbing bimself^' in a cottage,^^ be 
crossed ^^ a meadow,^*^ enameled ^^ witb flowers, -vvbicb 
decked ^^ tbe borders ^^ of a limpid ^^ stream.^^ Here 
be spied ^^ a young sbepberd, playing on bis pipe ^* 
beneatb ^^ a sbady elm,^^ wbile bis flocks ^'^ were graz- 
ing ^^ around bim. 

5. Tbe king accosts ^^ bim, surveys bim closely/^ 
finds bis aspect^^ agreeable, and bis air,*^ tbongb 
easy ^*^ and natural, yet graceful ^' and majestic^^ Tlie 
simple babit ^^ in wbicb tbe sbepberd was clad,^^ did 
not in tbe least diminisb °^ tbe a^n-eeableness of bis 



^t)i)crbicn. 105 

person.^' The king supposed liim ^^ at first to be a 
3'outh ^^ of illustrious birth,^^ who liad disguised ^"^ 
himself ; but bc learned ^^ from the shepberd that bis 
parents dwelt ^^ in an adjacent ^^ village, and tbat bis 
name was AHbeg. 

6. Tbe more ^^ questions ^^ tbe king put ^- to bim, 
tbe more ^^ be admired ^' tbe strengtb ^^ and soHdity ^'^ 
of bis genius.*^' His ejes were lively/^ and beaming^^ 
witb inteUigence ; bis Yoice was sweet and melodions ; 
bis featnres '^ were not rnde,'^ neitber ''^ were tbey 
soft and effeminate/^ Tbe sbepberd, tbougb sixteen 
years of age, did not seem conscious "^ of tbose per- 
fections "^ wbicb were conspicuous ''^ to otbers. He 
imagined '' *' tbat bis tbougbts, bis conversation, and 
bis person were not unbke '^ tbose of bis neigbbors. 

7. Tbe king frequentlj smiled ""^ at tbe innocent 
freedom ^^ of tbe youtb, wbo gave bim mucb inform a- 
tion abont tbe state ^^ of tbe people. He gave tbe 
officer wbo accompanied ^^ bim a private ^" signal ^^ 
not to discover ^^ tbat be was tbe king, for fear ^^ tbat 
Abbeg, if be once knew witb wbom be conyersed, 
would lose in au instaut ^' bis wonted '^ freedom, and 
all bis native graces.^^ 

8. " I am now conyinced," ^^ said tbe prince to bis 
attendant, " tbat nature is as beautiful in tbe lowest 
State ^^ as in tbe bigbest. No monarcb's son was ever 
born witb nobler faculties ^' tban tbis young sbepberd. 
I sbould tbiuk ^" myself infinitely ^^ bappy, bad I a 
son equally^^ bandsome, intelligent and iugenuous/^*^ 
I will bave bim educated^' at my own court." 

9. Tbe king, accordingly, took Alibeg away witb 
bim ; and tbe youtbful sbepberd was mucb surprised^^ 
to find tbat a prince sbould be so pleased ^^ witb bis 
conversation. Taken to court, be was instructed ^^^ by 
proper tutors ^*^i in all tbe graces ^«- wbicb add^^^ to 
manly beauty, and in all tbe arts ^^^ and sciences wbicb 
adorn ^^^ tbe mind.^^^ 

10. Tbe grandeur^^^ of tbe court, and a sudden 
cbange of fortune ^^^ in some measure ^^^ influenced ^^° 



106 M)xbnä} ter eiiölifrfjeu <2prad)e, 

the temper ^^^ of Alibeg. His crook/^^ his pipe, and 
sliepherd's dress were now forsaken ; ^^" and instead of 
thein ^^^ he appeared in a purple robe,^^^ embroidered ^^° 
with gold, and a turban enriched ^^^ with jewels. Ali- 
beg was handsomer than any other man at court. He 
was qualified ^^^ to transact^^^ tke most important af- 
fairs ; ^'^^ and his master, placing the utmost ^^^ confi- 
dence ^^^ in his integrity,^-^ soon conferred ^~* on him 
the post of jewel-keeper ^~^ and treasurer ^^^ of his 
hoiisehold. 

11. During the whole reign^-' of the gTeat Sha- 
Abbas, AHbeg's reputation '^^^ daily increased.^^^ But 
as he advanced in years, he frequently recaUed to 
mind ^^^ his former state oi hfe,^"^ and always ^dth re- 
gj,g^i33 '' Oli^ happy days !'' woukl he whisper^"^ to 
himself ; " oh, innocent days ! days wherein I tasted ^^^ 
trne joys without danger ; days since which I never 
saw one so j^leasant ; shall I not see yon any more ? 
He who has deprived ^'-^'^ me of you, by making mo 
thus great, has utterly nndone ^^° me." 

12. Alibeg, after a long absence,^^'' revisited^"^ his 
native village.^"^ Here he gazed ^^^ with fondness ^^^ 
on those places where he had formerly danced, sung, 
and tuned ^^^ his pipe wdth his fellow-swains.^^^ He 
made presents to all his friends and relations ; ^^^ but 
advised ^^^ them, as they valiied ^^^ their peace of 
mind,^^' never to resign ^^^ their ruraP-^ ]3leasures, 
never to expose ^''^ themselves to the anxieties ^""^ and 
misfortunes of a court. Alibeg feit the weight ^^' of 
those misfortunes soon after the death of his good 
master Sha-Abbas. 

^ aU er fii^ auf Oicifcit ücfaiib, ^ jog fid) jurücf, ^ ©efclac, ^ oXjnt erfannt Mi 
ivcrben, ^ ^iU fc^en, *' SKcnfc^^icitf ^ angeboren, ^ Crricicr (Beamter), ^ 58crjei=' 
ter, ^° mübe, ^' unter, ^- Scbmarol^er, ^^bie alle ®cle^cn^ctt wa^rncbnten, ^^ju 
ül)eriJDrt^eiten, ^^ [d}mci6cln, ^'^ entfitlciTen, '' 3(cferlMuer, ^* S}ertrauter, 
^3 mehrere, '^^ T)'öxfcx, ^i jBaucvn, ^i äuHcrft erfreut, " Untertf^anen, ^-J ajcr^ 
Auügungcn, ^5 ^j^^ ^j^ j.^^ |^^,jj^ sj l^[il^^ r, i^acfsbem er ftc^ erfrtfcf^t I^attc, 
2^ glitte, 29 [^^itt er über, so ©icfc, si unifränjt i^on, "^ fd^müdten, ^^ Ufer, 
2-* flar, 25 S3ad), ^s crblicfte, ^^ i5lütc, "^ unter, ^^ einem fc^attigen lUmbaum, 
'-0 beerbe, ^^ weibeten, ^^ vcbct an, ^^ fagt ir^n fefl in'^J Sluge, '" ^leuj^er:?, 



5(t)l^crI)tc^. 107 

'»^ 2>?icnen, ^^ f,efär(ig, ''^ cinmutlü.^, ^^ÖcHctcnb, ^a^elvanb, ^'^ geffcibct, ^Mf)at 
nid)t bcn ntinbe|len 5lbhucb, " feiner angenefimcn 9)erfönüd)fctt, '-^ ^^i^ [^^ f^^.^ 
^^ 3ün(^Ung, ^^ i^on eblcr 5(bfunft, ^H^crflciDct, ^' crfuf^r, ^^rao^nten, ^Henac^^ 
laxU *° ie me^r, " 5^mc^en, '^^ rüttele/ »^^ befto me()r, **-^6crDunberte er, *^niraft, 
•'ß güüe, ^■^ ®ei|l, «neblaft, '^^ilraljlcnb scr, •"> ®eftAtd.^üi^e, '' gemein, •^^ud) 
nii)t, "'^ miU\(b, "'^ fd)ien fid) nid^t bcwupt ^u fein, "'"^ ^orjiige, •'^ in bie 5lugen 
ftUenb, " er meinte, '^ undl)nlidv '^ Iäd}clte, ^^ Unge^ittungenf)eit, ^' l^age, 
^^2 begleitete, ^^ geheim, ^ 3eid)en, *^ ju cntbecfen (yerratl)cn), ^" ouo S"urd}t, 
8' auf ber Stelle, ^'^ geino^mt, ^^ natürlid)e 5(nmut^, ^^ iiberjeugt, ^i im niebrig^ 
llen (Stanbe, ^- Sigenfc^aften, ^^ fd^ät^en, ^-^ unenblidi, ^^ gleut, ^'^ otiftreil, 
^' if^ »erbe if}tt erjie^en laffen, ^^ er|launt, ^^ einen fDld)en (Gefallen finbcn foütett 
an, ^°*^ unterrid}tet, '^^ öon paffenben Sef)rern, ^^'' feiner Stnftanb, ^"3 erpl)en 
((ün'.ufügen iu), ^^i^ünfre, '05jiercn, ^0'^®eiil, 'OTgjr^d^t, io8^,(ij^(irf,cr G3(ücfi3^ 
lued^fei, ^^^ biö j^u einem gemifj'en ©rabe, *'° njirfte auf, ^^^ 0cmüt(v ''^ ©taiv 
"3 abgelegt, ^'-^ flatt beren, ^'^ 9)urpurgcn3anb, "»^ gcflidt, "" vterjiert, '^^ ge=' 
fd)t(ft, "9 ^_u leiten, '^o srngelcgenf}eitcn, ^-^ gröf^te, '^^^ iöertrauen, '^a (v[,riic{)^ 
feit (Unbefd)oltenbeit), '-^ übertrug, ^" Suroelenbenja^rer, ^^ü (2'd>a{imeifter, 
J^f 9{egierung, '-^ 9tuf, ^29 f^je^^ iso ^^i^f i^^^ @ebäd;tniF, ^^i gcbenötage, 
^22 Sebauern, ^^^ flü|lerte er, ^^ "fd)mecftc, ^^ ber mid) eurer beraubt bat, 'Sä^^^j 
mtc^ gämtid) öernid)tet, ^^^ Stbircfenticit, '^s f^cfudite lieber, ^^^ Dorf feiner ©e^ 
turt, '-^0 fcHcfte, ^^^ mit inniger greube, ^^^ gefpicit, '-^^ Äamcraben, ^-'^ iöer^ 
juanbte, ^^^ rietli, ^^'^ irenn fie tt>ertl>fd}äiiten, ^^'' ibren (Scelenfricben, '^^ auf^u^ 
geben, ^^^ länbli^, ^^^ j-id; auvjufelpen, ^^^ bem unrut)igcn 2:retben, ^'"^ ®eSüid}t. 



THE YOUNa SHEPHERD. (3d)tup.) 

1. Sha-Seplii succeedecr liis fatlier. Some envioris,^ 
artful ^ courtiers ^ found means ^ to prejudice ^ tbe 
3^oung prince against him. " He has," said tliey, " be- 
trayed^ tlie trust reposed in him ^ by tbe late '^ king. 
He bas boarded up ^^ immense treasures,^^ and em- 
bezzled ''' valuable '' effects." ^' 

2. Sba-Sepbi was young and a monarcb ; wbicb was 
more tban sufficient^^ to make bim crediilous^^ and 
inconsiderate.^* He bad, besides/^ tbe vanity ^^ to 
tbink bimself quaüfied to reform bis fatber's acts/^ 
and to judge^^ of tbings better tban tbe latter- bad 
done. To bave some plea ^^ for removing ^^ Alibeg 
from bis post, be commanded bim to prodnce ^^ tbe 
cimeter,^*^ set ''^^ witb diamonds of an immense yalue, 
wbicb bis royal gi'andsire ^^ used to wear ^^ in battle.^^ 
Sba-Abbas bad formerly ^^ ordered them to be taken 



108 Se^rbuc^ ter enß(ifcl)cn 8prad)e. 

off;^^ and Alibeg brought witnesses to prove ^^ tliat 
thej were so removed long before his promotion. 

3. When Alibeg's enemies fonnd this scheme "* too 
weak to effect ^^ liis ruin, tliey prevailed^^ on Sha- 
Sephi to give liim strict Orders ^' to prodnce an exact^^ 
inventory^^ of all the rieh fumiture ^"^ intrusted^^ to 
bis care.^^ Alibeg; opened the doors, and showed everj 
thing conimitted ^^ to his charge.^^ No one article Tvas 
missing;^^ each was in its proper ^^ place, and pre- 
served ^* with great care.^^ 

4. The king, surprised to see such order ^^ every- 
Tvhere observed,^^ began to entertain ^^ a favorable ^^ 
opinion of Alibeg, tili he espied ^^ at the end of a long 
gallery an iron ^^ door, with three strong locks.^^ 
" There it is," whispered^*' the envions courtiers in his 
ears,^' " that Alibeg has concealed ^^ all the valuable 
effects whieh he has purloined." ''^ The king now 
angrily ^^ exclaimed, " I will see what is in that room. 
What have you concealed there ? Show it me." Ali- 
beg feil prostrate at his feet,^^ beseeching ^'-^ him not to 
take from him all that he now held valuable upon 
earth. 

5. Sha-Sephi now took it ^^ for granted ^^ that Ali- 
beg's ill-gotten ^^ treasure lay concealed within.^*^ He 
commanded the door to be opened. Ahbeg, who had 
the keys ^' in his pocket,^^ unlocked^^ the door. Noth- 
ing, however, was found there but his crook, his pipe, 
and the shejDherd's dress which he wore '^ in his 
youth.'^ 

6. " Behold,'^ great sir," said he, " the remains '^ of 
my former '^ felicity;'^ which neither fortune ""^ nor 
your majesty have taken fi'om me. Behold my treas- 
ure, which I reserve ^' to make me rieh when you shall 
think proper '^ to make me poor. Take back every 
thing besides ; but leave '^ me these dear pledges ^^ of 
my rural station.^^ These are my substantiar- riches-^ 
whieh will never fail^^ me. 

7. " These, O king ! are the precious,^^ yet innocent 
possessions ^^ of those who can live contented ^ ' with 



^(tiH^rtneiK 109 

the necessaries ^^ of life, without tormenting tliem- 
selves®-^ about superfluous enjoyments.^^ Tl>ese are 
riches wliich are possessecP^ with liberty and safeiy ;^^ 
riches whicli never give me one moment's disquiet.^"^ 
Oll, ye dear implemeuts '-^^ of a plain '-^'^ but liappy life! 
I value ^^ none but you ; with you I will live, and with 
you die. I here resign,-^' great sir, the many favors^^ 
which your royal bounty ^^ has bestowed ^'^^ upon me." 
8. The hing, con\inced of Alibeg's innocence, in- 
stantly ^^^ banished ^^'^ his accusers ^^'-^ from court. Ali- 
beg became^^^ his prime minister, and was intnisted^*^^ 
with the most important secrets.^^*^ He visited, hov/- 
ever, every day his crooh, his pipe, and riiral hal3its,^" 
that he might remember them, should iiclde fortune ^^^ 
deprive^^^ him of a monarch's favor. He died in a 
good old age,^^*^ without wishing to have his enemies 
punished,^^^ or to increase^^^ his j)ossessions ; andleft'^^ 
his relations no more than what would maintain^^^ them 
in the Station of shepherds, which he always thought 
the safest and most happy. Fenelox. 

^ folgte, 2 iteibif($, ^ »erfifitagcn, ^ 5)öf[ingc, ° ^ittd imb Sßegc, ^ ein^u^^ 
nebmen, ' »errat^en, ** bad in it)m gefegte 25ertrauen (Dad iBertraucn, ctcfeft in 
i(v,t), 3 öerftorben, ^^ jufantmengcfdjarrt, ^^ ungekure 2i^ä|e, '^ unterfd)la3Crtr 
'2 taixt\)'ooü, ^^ @üter, '^ wcld)e5 mefir ala genügte, '° leichtgläubig, '' unüber*^ 
legt, 1» au^erbem, ^^ Gitelfeit, 20 |)anblungen, '^^ urt'^eilen, ^- ße^terer, ^3 ?Bpr^ 
»anb, 2-1 ju entfernen, ^' l)erbei5ufd)aTTcn, 20 itrummfdbel, ^7 eingefaßt, ^^ ^^^^^ 
f)err, ^^ ju tragen pflegte, "^ ^cdjiadjt, ^i c^ebem, ^2 ^iefe tvegnel^men kffen, 
^ um ^u beweifen, ^ 9^lan, "^ licrbetjufüljren, ^'^ öermocbten fte c^3 über, ^' ge^ 
meffcne Sefelile, ^^ genau, ^^ Snscntar, ^^ 5)auögcrätb, ^^ anvertraut, ^^ Db^ut, 
^ übergeben, ^ Db^ut, ^^ fehlte, '^^ beilimmt, •*' aufbewal^rt, ^* Sorgfalt, 
^ä Drbnung, '^'^ beobachtet, ^^ ^egen, ^^ günftig, ^^ ^^5 er geiT?aI)rte, " eifern, 
" ©c^löffer, 5ö flütlerttn, ^' i^m in'^ £^x, '"^ ^txiltdi balt, '"^ veruntreut, 
^•^ jornig, " ftet i^m ju ^ügen, ^^ anfle^enb, ^" Mclt c5, »^-^ auögemacbt, ^'übcl^ 
erworben, ^'^ brinnen, ^' i3ci)lürfef, *^' lafc^e, ^^ fcblrg auf, '^ trua, '^ Sugenb, 
'2 Sie^e, baa finb, '^ Ue^erbleibfel, ''^ ebemaltg, '^ ®lücf", ''' Srfjtcffal, " toel* 
(^en ic^ aufbewahrt ^aBe, " »enn bu e^ für gut Ijältii, '^ laiTe mir, ^^ 9)fänber, 
^^ meinet länblic^en Stanbeö, ^"^ wirflid), '^'^ 9ieid)t()ümer, ^^ im 3tid?e laffen, 
*^ föftlic^, ^^ SÖeft^t^ümer, »^ ',ufrieben, ^^ notbwenbigile Scbürfniffc, *^ ebne 
fli^ ^u Jjlagen, ^^ um überflüffige ©enüffe, ^^ bie m'^an bcftM, ^'^ <Sicberl)eit, 
^3 Unruhe, '^^ ©erät^fAaften, ^^ einfa*, ^'^ fcbä^e, ^^ entfage id}, 3= ©unübc^eugun^ 
gen, ^^ ®üte, ^«^ überfc^üttet, ^^^ augenblicflid), ^02 sjcrbannte, ^o^ ^(nflägcr, 
■''^ würbe, ^^ö Getraut, ^^^ ©ebeimniffe, ^o" ®ewanb, ^"^^ baö wanfelmüt^ige 
®lücf, i°3 berauben, ^^° in bobcm Sllter, '^^ bag feine Qcinbe bejlraft werbe« 
möchten, ^^'^ ju mehren, "^ ^interliep, ^^* ernähren. 
6 



110 



:cl)xHd) ter englifc^en ^prad^c. 



£c&tioii XVI. 

2df)hvvttct—iSavbinai, ^tbinaL 

Mebctl^attcn — Whato'doch is it? TFJiat day of tlte 
month ? It is one odoch. It is half past one, a quar- 
ter past one. It is (luants) ten minutes to one. 



2Biirtcrs©cr3d^mij. 



hovr many are ? iine öiel ift ? 

if You take, jrenu man uinimt. 

remain, bleiben übrii}» 

sum, (Summe. 

snbtracted, fubtraHrt. 

leaves, bleibt. 

for remainder, alö Sflcft. 

add, attire. 

to divide, tii^itiren. 

Tou will get, tu er^altfl. 

number, ßabL 

is divided, tii^itirt ii?irh 

is called, bei{;t. 

dividend, XiyitentUc» 

resiilt, S^cfultut. 

obtained, tociv fid) ergibt. 

is to be miütiplied, multipli? 

cirt irerten fcU. 
to multip'i}-, muItii^Iiciren. 
multiplier, 5}^uItipIicator. 
ans wer, SIntwort. 
part, 3: beil. 
year, ^<il}v. 



we are in, trcrin mir finb. 

to write, fcbreiben. 

January, 3*inuar. 

montli, ^3)Zonat* 

last, kn. 

wliat day of tlie month is it ? 

wai fcbreiben n^ir ? 
wliat o'clock ? ttjie 'cid lU)r ? 
a quarter i)ast five, ein incrtcl 

naci} fünf. 
too fast, ju früt>. 
too slow, 3u fpat. 
only, erft. 
ten minutes of, ^eljn i!}tinuten 

i^cr. 
I sliall Start, ic^ totxH abreifen* 
precisely, pvMi* 
half past eight, tjaib neun. 
I rise, id} ftet)c auf. 
I go to bed, i^ gebe ju 3?ett. 
last night, geftern 2tbenD. 
a quarter to, ein 35icrtel i?or. 
late, fpat. 



Two and three are five. One, six and seven are 
fourteen. How many are ten and twelve ? Twenty- 
two. If you take four fi'om nine, how many remain? 



3al)(w5rtcr. 111 

Five. The sum of thirtj-six and ten is fortj-six. Fif ty 
subtracted from one himdred and two leaves fifty-two 
for remainder. Add four doUars to seventy-ÜTe, and 
you have seventy-nine. Divide forty-five by five, and 
you will get nine. The number which is di^ided is 
called the dividend, and the number by which we di- 
vido, the divisor. The result obtained is called the 
quotient. Twice two are four ; once ten are ten. Ten 
times ten are one hundred, and ten times one hundred 
are one thousand. The number which is to be mnlti- 
plied is called the multipHcand, VN'hile the number by 
which we multiply is called the multipher. The result 
obtained is called the product. The pTOduct of twenty- 
five times thirty is seven hundred and fif ty. Twice 
two and a half are five. What is the sum of four, one 
third and five seven-twelfths ? Four is one twenty- 
fifth part of one hundred. The year we are in is 
eighteen hundred and seventy-one, and we write it 
A. D. 1871. January is the first month, February the 
second, March the third, April the fourth, and Decem- 
ber the twelfth or last month. What day of the month 
is it to-day ? It is the twenty-fourth of May. Can 
you teil me what o'clock it is ? It is a quarter past 
five. Our clock is always too fast. My watch is too 
slow. It is only ten minutes of five. I shall start pre- 
cisely at haK past eight o'clock in the morning. I rise 
at six and go to bed at eleven. Last night I went to 
bed at a quarter to twelve. What time is it ? It is 
too late to go ta church ; it is a quarter to eleven. 

2[öiirtcrsS3cr5cif§ttif?. 

kreitö, already. erjl, ouly. 

fpateftenc, at the latest. ^erfekt/wroDg. 

ge^t ab, will start. ^u ]xixh, too fast. 

^räcife, precisely. ei I why ! 

tj nimmt un^, it will take us. mevftrürtig, queer. 

mcnigften^, at the least. ta§ [le fein foUte, that it should 

fid) aufhalten, to stay, be. 



112 ?c{)rlntcj) tcr cnglifd^en <8prac[)e. 

\on\t, formerty, ein Xu^ent, a dozen. 

gu fpat, too slow. absieben, to subtract. 

tie ipalfte, one lialf. Heiben, to remain. 

ßnte, duck. tiöirirt hird^, di^dded by. 

t^ecI>j'teno, at most. mad]t, are. 

HcBung§2^ufgaüc 2. 

2Bic incl U[)r ift eo ? Gö ift krettö 5tt)o(f. SSaim muffen 
mx ge^en ? 3Sir mitten fpäteftenö itm I)al6 jwet Uhr i^ou 
I;ier fortgcl^en; taö ^oot ßef)t pvacife um I)alb trei Ul)r ab; 
unt) e^ nimmt un^ iDentgften^:3 fcret S3iertel (Stuntcn tabin^,!:^ 
fommen. 3i) fann mtd) nid)t langer aufl)alten alö bii3 s^e^n 
2)?inuten »er neun» (^ö ift erft ein 33iertet nad) ad)t. 3ft eö 
fd)on fo fpät? dMn, 2>i)xt l\t)v o^cht i^erfel)rt ; jte ift ii^eniß^ 
fteno eine l)a(be «Stunde ju früf). (ii ! tai3 ift tcd) merfiüür^ 
tic;, baf' fte ^u früf) fein foüte ; [onft i]ing fte immer ju fpat, 
^iii\t tu m.ir bie Hälfte i)on teinen (^nten i^erfaufen ? 3d) 
fann bir ^wet ober tret »erfaufen, aber nid)t bie "Hälfte ; benn 
id) l)abt f)öd)ftcni3 ein X^u^enb, 23ie öiel ift ^^ttjölf mal ^lüölf ? 
%ntmrt: l)uni:ertunböierunbiner^ic^. SSenn bu nun i?ierunb^ 
jtijan^,!^ 'i^on bunbertunbineruntiner^ii^ ^tr5te{)ft, mt inelc 
hkibcn nod)? 5^ntn)ort : (junbertunb^njan^ig. (^inunbad)t^ 
jig bi^^ibirt burd) neun madjt neun* 

ßcfeftüjf 1. 

HO W TIME IS MEASÜRED (©te man bie 3cit mißt). 

1. Clocks ^ and watches ^ ave used " to measure 
tlm3. 

2. Ifc would be ^ a hard ^ task '^ to measure time 
v/ithout ' tlie aid ^ of clocks or watches. 

3. On^ the fac6^'^ of tb« clock tbere are ^^ twelve 
numbers/^ whicli ^^ are placed ^' at ^^ equal ^'^ dis- 
tances ^' from each other.^^ 

4. Between ^-^ each "~^ of tliese numbers tbere are five 
sinall^^ dots," making ^^ in all ~^ sixty dots for the 
sixty minutes in an hour.^^ 

5. The long band ^*' moves ^' fi'om one figure ^^ to 
another,^^ in five minutes ; and it ^"^ moves fi'om XII to 
XII, all around^^ the face of the clock, in one hour. 



3af)h:)5rtci\ 113 

G. The short Land "^ moves only from one number 
to another in the samc time ; and, therefore, it takes ^^ 
tbe short band twelve hours to move all round the face 
of the clock. 

7. It is twenty minutes of twelve o'clock ^ ' when tho 
long hand points "^ to ""^ eight and the short hand is 
near^^ twelve. 

8. The long hand is called the mimite hand,"^ and 
the short hand is called the liour hand."^ 

9. When the hour hand points to I, and the minute 
hand points to XII, the clock strikes ^^ one ; and it is 
then'^^ one o'clock. 

10. When the hour hand points to H, and the minute 
hand points to XII, the clock strikes two ; and it is 
then tico odock. 

11. When the hour and minute hands both^- point 
to XII, the clock strikes iiuelue times,^'^ and it is then 
twelve o'clock. 

12. Sixty seconds '^^ make one minute ; sixty minutes 
make one hour ; twenty-four hours make one day ; 
seven days make one week; four weeks make one 
month ; twelve months make one year. Ten years are 
called a decade,"*^ and one hundred years make a 
century.^*^ 

13. We should always ^'' make a proper ^^ use ^^ of 
our time ; since ^^ time is of all things '"^ w^e may pos- 
sess ^^ the most precious.^^ " Time is money*^" is a 
poor^^ proverb;^^ for, money that is lost^^ may be 
recovered,^' but time once ^^ lost, never ^^ retums.*^^ 

^ U'^iren (grc^c, aI3: 3Banbut)rcn, 2;afclii^rcn, u.), Mt^rcn (Xaf(*cnut)ren), 
3 man Braud)t, ■* c3 roürbe fein, ^ [djirieritv ^ Slufgabc, ■> o|nc, » ^?)ülfe, ^ auf/ 
'" Bifferblatt, ^^ gibt ce, i- 3al)lcn, ^Mrei*c, ^^ angebracht finb, ^Mn, '^ gleich, 
'^ 3it>ifcbenraumc, '^ einanbcr, '^ ;;tt>ifd)cn, '^^ jcber, ^i fi^jj,^ 22 gjmifjg^ 
s^mac^enb, 24 ^^ gfüem, ^ä etunbc, ^ö^cr gri^ge Beiger, 27ben?egt \\6^, ^«Siffcr, 
2^ pr anbern, ^'^ er, ^i f^^^^ um— "^erum, ^^ ber flcine 3ciger, ^^ gebraud)t, 
^ »or ^njölf m^r, 25 jeigt, s« auf, ^7 „^^g ^^i ss sjjjinuten^ctger, ^a (5tunben',ci^ 
gcr, ^"^ fcbtäat, ^^ bann, ^^ ^eibe, « „tat, « eefunbcn, 4' 3al)r^c^nt, ^e ^^^^^ 
^unbert, -^^ ftet«, '*^ gut, 43 ®e brauch, ^'^'^a, ^^ S^inge, ^^ beftPen, ^^ fpi-^^^j., 
^ elenb, ^^ eprid)iT?ort, ^^ »crloren, " n?icbergcti?onnen, ^^ einmal, '-^ niemals, 
^^ h^xl lieber. 



ßefcftütf 2. 

THE SAYIXGS OF POÖR RICHARD (Sprüche fceö armen 0ild)arb). 

1. Would it not be thought ^ a bad government thafc 
sliould tax ^ its people one tenth part of their time, to 
be employed ^ in its Service ? ^ But Idleness ^ taxes 
many of us much more ; and Sloth,^ by bringing on ' 
disease,^ absolutely ^ shortens ^^ life. 

2. " Sloth, like rust," ^^ says the proverb/- *' con- 
sumes ^^ faster ^^ than labor ^^ wears,^*^ while the nsed -'^ 
key is always briglit." ^^ And again,^'' the proverb 
asks, " Dost thou love life ? Then do not squa:pder ^° 
time, for that is the stuff life is made of." ^^ How much 
more than is necessary ^^ do we spend ^^ in sleep ! for- 
getting that '•' the sleeping fox^^ catches^^ no ponltry," ^^ 
and that '' there will be sleeping enough in the graye." ^^ 

3. If time be ^^ " of all things the most precious," ^^ 
Tvasting time ^^ mnst be, as has been well said, " the 
greatest prodigality ;" ^^ since, as we are again told,^^ 
" Lost ^^ time is never found again ; and what we call 
time enough, always proves ^^ little enough." Let us, 
then, be up and doing,^^ and be doing to the purpose ;^^ 
so, by diligence, shall we do more with less perplex- 
ifcy,=^' 

4. Sloth makes all things difficult, but industry 
makes all things easy. It is an old saying,^^ that " he 
that riseth ^^ late must trot ^^ all day, and shall scarce^^ 
overtake ^^ his business at night;" ^^ and again, '^Lazi- 
ness ^^ travels ^^ so slowly, that poverty ^"^ soon over- 
takes him." Drive ^'' thy business ; let not thy busi- 
ness drive thee. 

5. So what is the use ^^^ of tvishing and hoping for ^^ 
better times ? "We may make the times better, if we 
better ourselves.^^ As has been said,^^ *' The indus- 
trious man will not stand still to zcish ; and he that 
lives upon^^ hope alone wdll always be fasting.^^ There 
are no gains ^^ without pains." ^^ Then let the poor 
man say, "Help, hands,^*^ for I have no hands." ^' But 
let me teil him, " He that hath a trade,^^ hath an es- 



3a^hrln1ei\ 115 

täte ; ^^ and lie that liatli a calling,^'^ hatli au office " 
of pront and lionor." 

G. But, then, the trade must be icorJced cd ^"^ and tlie 
calling ivellfolloiued,^^ or neither the estate nor the Of- 
fice will enable ^^ us to pay our taxes. If we are in- 
dustrious, we sliall never starve.^^ It Las been well 
Said, "At the working-man's^^ liouse liunger looks in,^' 
bufc dares not enter, "^^ for Indus try pays dehfs,^^ wLile 
Dsspair''^ increasetlv^ them." 

7. What ! Though you have fonnd no treasnre, and 
thougli no rieh relation has left '^ you a legacy,'" is 
not Diligence the mother of good luck." '^ Ay.'^" God 
gives all things to industry. Then, " plough '° deep, 
while sluggards ' ' sleep, and you shall have corn to 
seil '^ and to keep/' '^ Work ^^ while it is called^^ to- 
day, for you know not how much you raay be hindered 
to-morrow ; and farther,^^ '^ never put off^^ tili to- 
morrow, what you can do to-day." 

8. If you were a serrant, would you not be äshamed''^ 
that a good niaster should catch ^^ you idle ? But are 
you not your oiun master ? You should be ashamed, 
then, to catch your seif idle, where ihere is so much to 
be done ^^ for yourself, your family, and your country.^' 

9. Handle ^^ your tools ^^ without mittens ; ^^ re- 
member ^^ that " the cat in gloves^^ catches^^ no mice." 
It is true, there is much to be done, and, perhaps, you 
have none to help you ; but work steadily,'^^ and you 
will See great efiects ; ^^ for " a constant di'opping ^° 
wears away^' stones ;" and " by diligence ^^ and pa- 
tience the mouse ate in two^^ the cable." ^°*^ 

Fraxelix. 

' würbe man "t^a»^ ntc^t galten für, 2 Befleucrn, ^ um Jcf(*d'fttc[t ?u irerbcn, 
* l^ienil, 5 i»jr CiJiümggang, « ^aul^cit, ^ baburcfi, ia^ fie herbeiführt, « ^ranf- 
^eit, Mebenfairi, '0 jj^^jyj,^^ ^ «Roil, ^^ ^pric^wcrt, iHerjebrt, ^Hd)neaer, 
1- Slrbcit, i*» ermübet, »^ gebraucht, ^^ n^^i^ 19 öjieberum, ^o öerfc^wenbe nidn, 
21 tuorauö "^^i «eben qemac^t iil, " notbföenbia, ^^ Bringen wir \vl, ^-t ^uc^^, 
2^ fängt, 23 ^^^^ (@eflüget). ^' ®rab, 2? itl, ^9 baö ^oflbarile, so 3eit »ergeu- 
ben, 2' SJcrfi^roenbung, ^- wie man unö ferner j^igt, ^ »erloren, ^^ ertceiil ftc^, 
^ auf bann ! unb an'^a Sßerf ! ^e ^iet {-am ein Biet 5U erreichen), " (5d&toteng== 
!cü, 33 ©prtc^roort, s» auflieft, ^o traben, ^^ faum, « einholt, « e^e e^ 5?a(^t 



116 ?c!)vbud) tev cnglifd)en (Spracl}c. 

toirb, -^ Irägl^eit, ^^ ßcf^t, ^^ Slrmut^, ^^ treibe, ^^ ^-^^ f^[ifi ^^ j^, 43 ^^yj-, 
^0 ircnn irir unö ficipig rül)rett, =^ trie f,cfaat werben i|l, ^"^ öcn, =- barben, 
^^ ©eroinn, ^^ Sfnftrenoiunoi» ^'^ I)ilf' öaiib, ^' beim id^ f)abe fein l?anb, ^* 0e^ 
fc^äft, ^3 @ut, «0 33eruf, ^^^ Stmt, '^- betrieben, ^^man mu§ be^ 2tmteö »arten, 
^ in bcn Staiü» fe'^en, ^'^ Darben, ^^ 9frbeitömann, ^' blicft binein, ^* aber n>agt 
ntit bincin;utreten, ^"^ Scftulben, '•'^ Ser^agtkit, '^ mebrt, '"^ sermacbt lut, 
'3 erbe, '■'beö ®tücfec, 'M'^ JT>obI, '«^ pflüge, ■' ^yaulpc^e, " »erfaufcn, 
" ^u bebalten, ^° arbeite, ^' fo lange co bciet, ^^ weiter, '^ fcf»iebe nie auf, 
'^ würbeft bu bic^ nic^t fcfoämen, ^^ ertappen, '■' wi tbun, ^' Satcrlanb, ^* greife 
an, S9©erh5eug, 9» ^anbfc^ube, »^ bebenfe, »- 5>anbfcbat(e, »M'ängt, **mit SIuö^- 
bauer, »^ Sclgcn, ^»^ 2:rövfeln, ^' I;iJl}U au-?, ^^ 51ei^, 0» frag emiwei, iQ*^ baa 
Slntcrtau. 

ßcfcflüc! 3. 

THE STORY OF THE FAIRY'S TEN LITTLE WORK]yrE^. 

(Xie ©cfi;icl>te pon tm le^nt flcincn Slrbeüern bcr ^-ec). 

1. Tliis story, kind friends, is not one for whose 
exact ^ trutli I can vouch ; ^ but something verj nearly 
like it^ is said^ to have happened^ to our Grand- 
motlier Charlotte, whom Martin remembers^ as a 
TToman of great strength of cliaracter,' and remark- 
able indiLstry. 

2. The Grandmother Charlotte had been yonng once 
on a time,^ although ^ it ^as diffieult to believe ife 
when one looked at her silvery locks,^'^ and hooked ^^ 
nose almost meeting^^ her pointing^^ chin ; but those 
of her own age ^^ said that, in her yonth,^^ no young 
giii had a more charming^"^ countenance ^' or agreater 
iove '' of fnn ^'^ and gayety.^^ 

3. Unfortunately,-^ Charlotte Tvas left alone ^^ with 
her father, at the head ^^ of a large farm, more bur- 
dened'^ with debts ^^ than profits,-'- so that labor suc- 
ceeded ^" labor ; and the poor girl, who was not fitted'^ 
for so great a care,^^ often feil into despair,^*^ and while 
Yainly seeking ^^ some means ^~ to accomplish ^^ every- 
thing, ended by ^^ doing nothing. 

4. One day,*^ as she was sitting on the door-step,^^ 
her hands under her apron,^'^ and her head bent for- 
ward ^' with a weary air^^^ she began to say to herseif 
in a low voicej"^ 



3a^ai?5rtci\ 117 

5. " Heaven pardon me ! but my cares ^^ arc too 
great for so young a giii to bear ! Even thotigli I 
were"*^ as prompt as the sun, as untiririg ^^ as tlie 
waves ^^ of the sea, and as potent "^^ as fire, I could 
not accomplish ^^ all the work of the house. Oh ! why 
is the good Fairy Bountifiil '"^ no longer in the world ! 
If she coiild but hear and aid ^' me, perhaps vre might 
eseape ; "^^ I from the cares, and my father from his 
anxiety." ^^ 

6. " Be satisfied, then, for here I am !" intumipted^'' 
a voice. And Charlotte saw before her the Fairy 
Bountiful looking at her attentively,^^ as she leaned ''^ 
lipon her little crutch^^ of holly-wood.^^ 

7. At first the young girl feit afraid,'"^ for the fairy 
was very okl, wrinkled,^*^ and ngly, and she wore ^' a 
costüme seldom seen in that country. 

8. Nevertheless,^^ Charlotte recoUected herseif ^^ 
quickty, and asked the fairy, in a trembhng but re- 
spectful Toice, in what manner she could be of Service 
toher.C'^ 

9. " It is I^^ v/ho come to serve you, my child," re- 
plied the old ^vornan. " I have heard your complaint,^^ 
and bring you that which shaU relieve *^" you from aU 
your sorrows." ^^ 

10. " Ah ! are you in eamest,^^ good mother ?" 
eagerly ^^ cried Charlotte, having quite forgotten her 
embarrassment.*^' " Do you come to give me a piece 
of your wand,^^ Tvith Trhich I may render ^^ all my labor 
easy ?"' 

11. "Better than that," replied the fairy ; " I bring 
you ten little workmen, who will obey ^^ all your com- 
mands." '^ 

" Where are they ?" cried the young girl. 

" You shall See them directly," '- was the answer. 
The old woman opened her cloak,'" and ten dwarfs ''^ 
of different sizes " passed out.'*^ 

12. The first tv/o were very short,' ' but strong and 
robust. " These," said the fairy, " are the most vigor- 
ous ; ''^ they will aid you in all your work, and supply '^ 



118 ^eI)rBud) ber cttglif^en (Sprad^e, 

in strength wliat they lack ^^ in dexteritj.^^ The two 
you See foUowing them are taller, ^-^ and more skillful ; 
they know how to ^" draw out the flax from the dis- 
taff,^^ and apjily themselves to ^^ aU the work of the 
house. 

13. " Their two brothers, next to them, are remark- 
able for their great height ; '^ and while they are both 
useful in a variety of ways,^*" one is particularly^^ skill- 
ful in using ^^ the needle, for which reason ^^ I have 
crowned ^' him with a little steel thimble.^^ 

14. *' The next two, one of whom, you perceive,^^ has 
a ring for a girdle, aro less active,^^ but still valuable ^^ 
for the aid they render ^^ the others. As for °^ the last 
two, their small size,^^ and want of ^^ strength, render 
them of little use ; ^^^ but they are entitled ^^^ to es- 
teem,^^' nevertheless, on account of ^^^ the good* will 
and sympathy they manifest. ^°^ You find it difficult 
to believe, I venture ^^^ to say, that the whole ten ^'^^ 
can be of much importance ; but you shall see them 
at their work, and then you can judge." 

15. At these words the old woman made a sign, and 
the ten dwarfs glided ^^' quickly away to the Perform- 
ance ^^^ of their various ^°'' duties. Charlotte saw them 
accomplish successfully,^^^ and \\ith equal faciHty,^^^ 
the roughest ^^^ and coarsest,^^^ as well as the most 
delicate ^^^ kinds of work. They hesitated^^^ at noth- 
ing ; they sufficed "^ for everything. Charlotte ut- 
tered ^^' a cry of astonishment and delight,^^^ and 
stretching her arms toward the fairy, exclaimed : 

16. " Oh, good Mother Bountiful, lend me these ten 
brave workmen, and I shall have nothing more to 
desire." 

" I will do better than that," replied the fairy, " I 
will give them to you ; only, as ^^^ you would find it 
troublesome ^'-^^ to take them everywhere with you, I 
shall Order each one to hide ^^^ himself in one of your 
ten fingers." 

17. "You know now what a treasure^^^ you pos- 
sess," Said the fairy, when this was accomphshed ; 



3a()ln)örtcr. 119 

" all will depend ^~^ now on the use you make of your 
knowledge.^'^ If yau do not knovv^ how to gOYern ^^^ 
your little servants, if you allow them to become en- 
feebled ^'^^ througli idleness, you will receive no bene- 
fit^~' fromtliem; but direct ^^^ tliem always arigbt,^'^ 
and for fear tbat tliej should sleep, never leave your 
fingers in repose/^'^ and tlie work you so much dread,^^^ 
you will find done as if by encliantment." ^^^ 

18. Whether^^^ the fairy's yisifc were reality/^* or 
wbetlier, as I am inclined ^'^^ to believe, sleep over- 
powered ^"*^ tlie young girl, as she sat on tlie doorstep, 
and it was all a dream, this mucli ^" ' is certain : our 
grandmother profited by her counsels,^"^ and man- 
aged ^^^ the liousehold so well that she not only en- 
abled^"^ her father to pay off^^^ the debts of the 
farm, but aided him in gaining^^^ a small compe- 
tence,^^^ which was left to her at his death, after she 
had been for some years happily married.^^^ 

19. She was thus enabled to bring up '^~^ her eight 
children in comfortable circumstances ; and there is a 
tradition among us, that she has transmitted ^^^' the 
skiUful workmen of the Fairy Bountiful ^ to all the 
women of the family ; and that, witli a little care ^^^ 
and dihgence, they are early set in motion, so that we 
all derive ^^^ great profit from them. Thus, we have a 
saying in our family, that in the movement ^^^ of the 
ten fingers of the housewife lies all the prosperity,^"^ 
all the comfort, and all the joy of the household. 



1 öoH (senctu), 2 ^crlumKn, ^ etwa« ^m^^ 51e^nlic^e5, ^ fotl, ^ j^afftrt 
fein, « beren SJlartitt fid) eutfinnt, "' S^arafterftärfe, « dnil, ^ obf^on, ^^ <BxU 
BerlDcfen, 11 Qth^tn, ^^ berü(irenb, '^ mh '^ SlUcrSgenofren, ^= Sugenb, 
1« retjenb, 1^ &t\id>U ^^ UeMe mel)r, '^ Sc^cr^, 20 g-rot^fmn, ^i umjlücf hd)er^ 
ireife, 22 ji^eb allein nad), 23 5ßcrtt)aln:ng (opi|e), ^4 &elailet, ^o @c^ulben, 
25 ©ewinn, ■'' folgte auf, ^s gewähren (geeignet), ^s einer fo großen ^a]l, 
30 SJer^agttieit, ^i «jä^renb fte »ergebend fud^te mä^, ^2 «Kittel unb SBege, 
^ aud^uriäten, ^ war baö Gnbe »cm Siebe, bap, k. (enbete bamit, ba§, 
3' Xxmt »or ber XMr, ^^ <5*ür^e, ^' öcrne ütergebeugt, ^^ mitmübem SBIid, 
39 mit leifer Stimme', '*'' 'Soraen, "^^ unb »äre ici) aud), ^^ ratlloö, ^^ ©ogen, 
^ mächtig, ^= auöric^ten, ^^ ©nabenreic^, ^' klfen, ^^ entgegen, ^^ Unruhe, 
50 «ntcrJrac^, ^i ßufmcrffam, ^^ ^[^ |te ft* letinte, '^ trücfc, ^4 ssalbbiflel, 



120 ^d}xbnd) ter cnglifc^en (2prad)e, 

^5 'ban^Q, '"'^ xim\Vx'X, " t:nci,t ^^ iti^t^bcf^otucntgcT, ^^ fanimelte fid> *^'^' fte tfr 
bienett fiinnte, "^Uc^"" tnn'ö, ^^^j^ge^ t» ^ey-j-^^ej^^ e-j g^^^^^ «0 (j^i^'t^ '^« höicriß, 
"©d;)üd)tcrnkit, *^^3auberftab, "^^ ntad}cn, "=0 gc^orrfjen, " SefeJ)le, "'^ gleic^; 
'35P?anteU '*^ 3tv)crc\c, ''^öoni>erfd)iebenerö3rö^e, '** famen'^um23Drfd)em, "flein, 
■^^bie fraftigftcm ''^ crfe^en, ^'^ ixkx^ i{)nen abgebt an, "^ ©efc^idüc^feit, ^^grö^'cr 
(länget), ^^ fte ütrfie^en e^, ^ S^ccEeiv ^^ öcrrlct;ten, ^'^ Sänge (|)ö^e), ^' auf 
serfcl^icbene SS-eife, ^^ kfonberö, "^ im ©ebraud), ^ auä K>e{c^er lUfadjef ^^ öc== 
frönt, ^^ Singer I)ut, ^ Wie bu kmerfft, ^ rrenigcr t^ätig, ^^ fcftä^en^wertb, 
9» reiften, ^' m^ betrifft, ^^ ©eftalt, ^^ gj^angcl an, i«<J 9tu^en, '^^' fte ttabcn 
SInfprud) auf, '°^ 3Id)tung, ^^ wegen, '^-"^bai^ fie an ben Sag legen, ^^ wage 
id), -f-»*^ aUe 5el)n, '^^ f*lü55ften, ^*** ißerrtd)tung, '^9 »erfc^ieben, ^i<> mit Grfolg, 
^^' mit gleid}er 2eid)tigfeit, 'i- bie raul;eften, ''=^ gröbfien, '-^ feinflen, ^^^ waren fie 
unfd^lüffia, "»^genügten, "^ftiegaue, ^^sSrcube, ^^^ba, ^^^ unbequem, ^^^ »er^ 
hrgen, ^-- waö für einen ^ö^/a^^, ^^ wirb barauf anbmmen, ^^ Äenntnip, 
^^^ regieren, '^' entnervt, ^^i g?„f,cn, ^^^ läu, 129 je^f^t, 130 gfju^^, ^ fürd)teft, 
^3s> 3anberei, ^23 p^,, m ^ji^g »irflid)c 3;()atfac^e, '^s (>enetat ttn, ^^^ überwäU 
tigte, 1^^ foyiel, ^^s 9^at^fd)lägc, ^-^ fü[)rte, »''o in ben ©tanb fe^te, ^^^ ab^ 
jujablen, '-^"^ 5U erübrigen (gewinnen), ^^^ 23ermögen, ^^^ »er^elrat^et, '"^^ jii 
cr^ief)en, "« üermad^t l;at, i^^Scrgfalt, i'^» jieljen au^, ^^^ Bewegung, '^»Sßoljl^ 
fianb. 



Ecfitioii XVII. 

!l>a§ tegclrndfligc S^itmort. Su^ünftigc Seit. 

^{c^cn^artcu : To heg to he rememhered to somehody, 
to send compliments, to hefond ofyto he ajudge of, iv/iat 
IS tlie use oj? to wdnd. 



^lxizx^%tx\i\^i\\\\]. 



where, n?o, game, (BptcL 

to dine, au ?*}tütai5 effen, to beai% I)i3reiT, 

to-morrow, morc^en* to say, fagen. 

at home, 3U §aufe. aunt, Sante. 

to oblige, öerlnnten. is going, ge^t. 

if, menn. next, üinftig» 
to take dinner, ^D^ittagcJiTm fall, ^erbft. 

eiimetjmen, by the first, am crjicnv 

with, bei. month, ^onat. 

to finisb, kenblgen, to comj)lete, öoKcnbm, 



3fleßc(mä^tßeö 3^itn)cvt, Bufünfttj^c 3cit 



121 



fortieth, tncr3ij5fi. 

generation, (Generation, 

to die out, aueftcrbcn. 

before, el)e. 

trace, Spur, 

war, ^rieg. 

to efface, ^crmifd^cn. 

pleasure, 2}ergnücjen, 

of accompanying, ju ho^itikn, 

home, nac^ ^t^aufe. 

to be able, im (Staute fein, 

way, i\}eg. 

alone, aüein. 

from scbool, aui? tcr Sd)u(e, 

not yet, noct nid^t, 

presently, gteic^, 

montb, ^3}?onat, 

passed, i^ergaugen, 

swallow, Sc&malbe, 

to retum, ^urüdfckeu, 

soutb, Süteu, 

to biiild, ^auen, 

roof, Tci6>, 

to teil, fagen. 

in, 5U .^aufe. 

between, gn?ifd]eu. 

always, immer. 

dreadful, [ctredli^, 

affair, Sad^e, 

as long as, fo lauge aU. 

to depend on, anfommcu auf, 

wbether, ob, 

to fall, feMfd^Iagcu, 

to succeed, gelingen, 

npthing, mä>U. 

to neglect, ^ernad^Iaffigeu. 

to take care, in ^c^t nehmen, 

money, (l)elJ, 

is about, ift im Segriff. 

to set, uutergct^eu. 



to rise, ani^cijcn, 

am I to do ? füll id) tl)uu? 

a few, ein paar, 

that done, tccnn ta5 gef(^c"§en, 

nap, ein Scblafd^cn. 

mutual, gcgenfeitig, 

do you msh to be remem- 

bered to bim? 23ot(eu Sic 

ihn grü[;culaffen? 
best compliments, tieften 

©ruf^, 
Joe, 3ofepb. 

ssnds me word, tbciit mir mit, 
as soon as, fol^ato ali, 
to moYe, Rieben, 
fnrfcher, weiter, 
give my love, grüjj cn Sie I;er$^ 

lid^ft, 
I am fond of, id} Mu ein ^reuub 

talk, Spred^cu, ©efdjtca^, 

to be a judge of, fic§ i?er(lel)en 

auu 
painting, 5}talerei, 
wbat is the use of, iüa5 nülpt 

ci^ 3U, 
fellow, 23urfd^e, 
advice, ^Ratb. 
to mind, fid> flimmern um, 
to step, treten, 
I beg your pardon, Htte um 

(Entfd^ultigung, 
on purpose, mit SCnüeu, 
never mind, fd^atet nid^tw^, 
sbould mind bis own busi- 

ness, fotite fid) um feine eigene 

Sad^en fümmern. 
none of your business, geljt 

t:ic& gar nid>t>:? an, 
HO matter, einerlei. 



122 §cf;vbuct) ter cnölifd)cn (Spmcljc. 

HcBung§5§(ufgaBc 1. 

Where sliall we cline to-morrow ? I shall dine at 
hörne, and you will take dinner with me. When I 
shall have finished this game, I shall hear what you 
shall have to say. My aunt is going to South Amer- 
ica next fall. How old are you ? By the first of next 
month I shall have completed my fortieth year. This 
generation will have died out before the traces of this 
war will have been effaced. We are all going to die. 
Shall I have the pleasure of accompanying you home ? 
No, thank you ; I shall be able to find my way alone. 
Have the children come home from school? They 
have not yet ; but they will come home presently. 
Before tliis month is passed the swallows will have re- 
turned from the south. They will build their nests 
under the roof of our house. I shall be much obliged 
to you, if you will teil me when Mr. N. will be at 
home. He will be in between five and six. War will 
always be a dreadful affair ; but as long as there will 
be men on the earth, we shall have wars. It will de- 
pend on yourseK whether you fall or succeed. I shall 
have nothing to do with a man who neglects to take 
care of his money. 

The sun is about to set ; it will rise earher to-mor- 
row than it did to-day. What am I to do now ? I 
think I shall write a few letters, and that done, I mU 
take a nap. 

9kbeit0artcn. — I shall write a letter to our mutual 
friend, Mr. Bidwell. Do you wish to be remembered 
to him ? Yes, sir, send him my best compliments, and 
ask him when he will come to the city ? Joe sends me 
Word that he is about to seil his farm. As soon as it 
shall have been sold, he will move further west ; he 
begs to be kindly remembered to all of you. Please 
to give my love to all your brothers and sisters, and 
remember me kindly to your mother. I am not fond 
of much talk. Most Germans are not only fond of 
music, but they are also good judges of music. I am 



^flcgelmäptgc^ B^itraorh Bufünftiße 3cit, 123 

no judge of painting. What is tlie use of giving tliis 
fellow any ad^dce ? He never minds what you say. 
You have stej^ped on my dress. I heg jom: pardon ; 
I did not do it on purpose. Never mind, it is^ an old 
one. Everybody should mind liis own business. "Wliat 
have you done witli your money? That is none of 
your business. I shall finish this work, no matter liow 
long time it will take me. 

35ergmigcrt, pleasure. Co Jrirb md)tv nii^en, it will be 

ki im^, at our housc. of no use. 

Guropa, Europe. BatD, soon. 

näd^fte Socl)e, next Tfeek. 3^^^ unfcrcr Sflcifc, our journey's 

fagen, to say. end. 

t)i3rcn, to hear. 33erfammtuttg, meeting. 

l^crltcren, to lose. ftattfinten, to take place. 

[(^»immen, swimming. eineit ©cfaticn thxnx, to do a 

terü^mt, celebrated. favor. 

©ängertn, singer. aui:>rid)tett, to teil. 

ijer.qeuten, to squander. fo frei fein, to take the liberty. 

te^ölb, for it. [count. fommen ju S^ntanb, to go and 

3ur S^e^e fietlen, to call to ac- see somebod3\ 

^ir werben morgen baö SSergnücjen l^aBen itnferc ^ante 
Id unö ;^u fef)en. SBanu geben feie nad) Suropa ? 3c[) 
ge^e näd)fte 3Bod)e mit bem if)amburf^er Kämpfer» 2öaö 
mit) fcein 33ater fagen, n>enn er {)ort, tag bu beine Uj^r i^er^ 
loren 1)^)1? Sßivft tu morgen Qtit ])aUn, mit mir ;^nm 
(2d)mmmen in gelten ? 3d) werbe feine ßcit l;aben» 2öir 
werben nod) oft baö 33ergnügen l^aben btefe berül^mte ^'dn^ 
gerin ju boren, 3)ein trüber ])at all fein ©elb »ergeubet ; 
wirft bn ibn beöb^lb ^ur Diebe ftellen ? 3d) werbe eö nic^t ; 
benn eö wirb nid^t^ nü^en. ^alb werben wir am 3^d un^ 
ferer Steife fein, 2öo wirb bte S5erfamm(ung fiattftnben, 
;^n ber bn b^ute ^benb gebft ? 3cl) ge^e nid)t bin, benn idb 
füble nid^t wob^ Söenn bn mir einen (Gefallen t^un willft, 



124 M)xHd) ber enöHfc^m 6prad)e» 

fo bitte beincn S5ater I)eute ^benb p mir ju fommen ; fage 
t{)m, baß id) iiad) fcd)0 Ul)r ju |)aufe fein n?erbe, 3c^ n?erte 
eö auöri^teit» 3d) foU 3t)nen fagen, tajj cö t(;m ni^t mog^ 
lid) fein mxt^ l)eutc 5l6ent) ju fommen ; aber er wirb fo frei 
fein morgen 5(bent) ju 3^nen 5U fommen, wenn (Sie ^u §aufe 

Scfcpüc! 1- 

THE USE OF THE BEAUTIFUL (:Dcr ^u^m beö Sd}öncn). 

1. Deacon ^ Tilden had the sqiiarest,^ neatest ^ wliite 
house that ever shoY/ed its keen'^ angles^ from tlie 
dusky clumps ° of old lilac ' bushes. In front of ifc 
stood, on each side of the door-way, two tbrifty ^ 
clierry-trees which bore ^ a busliel ^^ each every 
season.^^ Excepting^^ the aforementioned^" hlac-trees, 
there was not a Üower or shrub ^^ round ^^ the place. 
Hose-bushes, the Deacon thonght, rotted ^° the house, 
and the honey suckle ^^ which his wife tried to train ^^ 
over the porch,^^ was tom down ^^ when the painters ^^ 
came ; and on the whole,^^ the Deacon said, what was 
the use of ^^ putting it up ^^ so long as it did not bear 
anything.^^ 

2. By the side of the house was a thrifty, well-kept"^' 
garden, with plenty ^'' of currant-bushes,^^ gooseberry- 
bushes,^^ and quince-trees ; ^^ and the beets "^ and car- 
rots ^' and onions "^ were the pride of the deacon's 
heart; but, as he often proudly said, " every thing was 
for use,'' there was nothing fancy ^^ about it. His wife 
put in'^ timorously^'' one season^* for a flower-border ^^ 
— Mrs. Jenkins had given her a petunia, and Mrs. 
Simpkins had brought her a package of flower-seeds 
from New York — and so a bed was laid out. But the 
thrifty ^^ Deacon soon found that the weeding '^^ of it 
took time that Mrs. Tilden might give to her dairy/^ 
or to making shirts and knitting stockings, and so it 
really troubled his conscience.'*^ The next spring he 
turned it ^^ into his corn-field, and when his wife mildly 
intim ated'^ her disappointment,^^saidplacidly,^'' "After 



Sflegeimä^tÖCö 3^itiv'^rt. 125 

all,''' 'twas a thing of no iise and took time." And 
Mrs. Tilden, being a meek ^^ woman, and one of the 
kind of saints ^-^ wlio always suppose themselves -"^ 
miserable sinners,^^ especially ^^ confessed^^ her sin of 
being inwardly yexed^* about tlie incident^^ in her 
prayer ^'^ tliat night, and prayed that her eyes might 
be tumed off '' from beholding Tanity,^^ and that she 
might be quickened ^'-^ in the way of minding ^^ her 
work. 

3. The fi'ont-parlor of the Deacon's hoiise Tvas the 
most frigid asylum of neatness ^^ that ever discoiir- 
aged^^ the eyes and heart of a yisitor. The four 
blank *^^ walls were guiltless of ^^ any engraving ^'^ or 
painting,^^ or of any adornment ^* bnt *^^ an ordinary 
wall paper ^^ and a framed '*^ copy of the Declaration 
of Independence ; ' ^ on each of the three sides stood 
four chairs; iinder the looking-glass was a shining 
mahogany table, with a large Bible and almanac on it, 
a pair of cold glistening ''^ brass andirons '" illustrated'^ 
the fire-place.'^ The mantel-shelf '"^ above '^ had a 
pair of bright brass candlesticks,'^ with a pair of snnf- 
fers ^^ between — and that was all. The Deacon liked 
it. It was piain and simple, no nonsense aboiit it, 
everything for use and nothing for show ^"^ — it suited ^^ 
him. His wife sometimes sighed ^^ and looked round, 
when she was seT\ang, as if she wanted "^ something, 
and then sung the good old psalm — 

" From vanity tum off my eyes ; 
Let no corrupt ^'^ design *^ 
Or covetous^'' desires arise ^' 
Witliin this heart of mine," 

4. The corrupt design to which this estimable matron 
had been tempted,^^ had been the purchase ^^ of a 
pair of Parian^*^ flower-vases, whose beauty had 
Struck °^ to her heart when she went with her butter 
and eggs to the neighboring city ; but recoUecting her- 
seif ^^ in time, she had resolutely ^^ shut her eyes to 
the allurements,^^ and spent the money iise/uUy in buy- 
ing loaf-sugar.^^ 



126 Se{)vbu(^ tcv cngti|'d)en ^pxadjc. 

5. For it is to be remarked ^'' that tlie Deacon was 
fond of good eating, and prided himseK on^^ the 
bounties of bis wife's table.^^ Few women knew better 
bow to set^^ one, and tbe snowj bread, golden butter, 
clear x^reserres ^^^ and jellies/^^ were tbemes ^^^ of ad- 
miration at all tbe tea-tables in tbe land. The Deacon 
didn't mind ^*^^ a few cents in a pound more for a nicer 
bam,^*^^ and would now and tben bring in a treat ^^^ of 
ojsters from tbe city wben tbey Avere dearest. These 
were comforts, be said ; one must stretch a point ^^^ for 
tbe comforts of life. 

6. Tbe Deacon must not be mistaken ^'^' for a tyran- 
nical man or a bad busband. "^V^en be quietly put bis 
wife's flower-patcb ^^^ into bis com-field, be tbougbt 
be bad done her a service by curing her of an absurd 
notion ^^^ for tbings that took time and made trouble, 
and were of no use; and she, dear soul, never bad 
breatbed a dissent ^^^ to any course of bis loud enougb 
to let bim knovv^ she bad one. He laugbed in bis 
sleeve^^^ often wben be saw her so tranquilly ^^^ knit- 
ting or shirt-making at tbose times she bad been 
wont^^^ to give to her poor Httle contraband ^^^ pleas- 
ures. As for tbe flower-yases, tbey were repented of,^^^ 
and Mrs. Tilden put a bandful of spring-anemones 
into a cracked ^^^ pitcher ^^^ and set it on her kitchen- 
table, tili tbe Deacon tossed ^^^ tbem out of tbe win- 
dow — " be could not bear to see weeds ^^^ growing 
round." ^~<^ 

1 !2)iafcn (^ird^enyorjle'^cr), = fau^crnc ^ nieblic^flc, ^ fi^arf, ^ (Ftfcn, 
6 tunfle ®ruvpen, "^ etjringen, ^ fräftig (blüktib), ^ tnigcn, ^o S3ufcl>el (S^^er. 
et. mm), ^' Srübjak (3al;reajeit), ^- auögcncmmcn, ^^ i^prcnra^ntc, 
^^eu•alIcf^, 'nit^g^um, isiiepcnsertritterm i" Selangerjeliehr ((Eapnfclium), 
18 5U ^ief^en, ^^ 23cTbacf) ter 3:^üre, ^o j^urbe ai^geriffenr ^i 2tnftrcid)er, 22 übcr^ 
Umt ^^ w^ö nütte ii, ^^ an:(upflan^en, ^^ [0 lanae eö nid^te trug, ^e fcrgfaltig 
gcpfleat, ^^ 2)^enge, ^s 3obanniebcerI)üfd)e, -^ etad>elbeerBf*e, -« Quitten, 
31 rott)e Scetc, S2 ^(eiBe Sßuneln, '-^ ^mthzlxi, 3^^^I?ama^tifd^c^, siegte ein gitteö 
SBorteinfür, sc fd^üc^tcrn, 3" ^rü^jaBr (Sal^rcö^eit), 3»sBiumenraBattc, ^^ /cipig, 
^0 ®äten, -^1 2)teicrci, ■^■- ©ctriffcn, ^^ irarf er ii, ^* ^u »crfte^cn gaB, "^^ Sm^ 
täufcBung, ^« getaffcn, 4" am Gnbc, ^^ fanftmüt^ig, ^^ ■•§)ciUgc, ^0 bie ft* immer 
Ijalten für, ^^ arme, elenbe eünbcr, ^^ Befcnber^, "Sfcfanme, ^"^^^ fte innerli(^ 
Beunruijigt fei, " S^rrfaü, «^ ©etet, ^'^ abgewanbt «werben möditen, '"^ Gitelfcit, 



5lcgc(mäfnge^ 2dt\voxL 127 

5» ba^ fie mit Gifcr erfütft Jrerbeit möcfite, *^^ in V'affcn, ^^ bcr cifigfie Bufluc^töort 
einer ©aubcrfeit, «- ^ufammcnfcbnürte (entmutljigtcn), ^^ f^{,(^ 64 ■^ax^^i c^ne 
(fcfiulblo^), »^^ OtaMtlidv •'^ Dclgemälbc, " 3ierratf), «« aufgenommen, «» ge^ 
iröfjnlii^e 2;apete, 'o eingerahmt, ''Ulnabf)ängigfeitö=ßrf(ärung, " gtän',enb, 
'3 meffingcne i^eucr^ange, '■* gierte, ^^ ^eerb, '^ Äamingefima, "barüber, 
" i^cuc^tcr, " \?icl}t|'c^cere, ^^ <£d)cin, ^' k()agte, ^'^ fcurlte, ^^ »ermipte, ^ »cr=^ 
berblic^, ^^ gji^;i, es ^cge:^rlid), *=^ entRe()cn, ^^ tcrfuitt, ^^ Srwcrb, s" »cn 
}jarifcf)cm ?Warmcr, ^^ gcfeffelt fiattcn, ^- fid) faffcnb, ^^ nuitf)ig, ^ i^ocfungcn, 
^' ^utjudfcr, ^»^ eö mu§ envdfjnt werben, ^' fe?tc feinen ©tot? auf, ^*bie reid) 
l^efet^te Jafel, ^^ t^^cfen, ^^o eingcmadne grüdit'e, ^^i ©eiceö, ^^"^ ®egent1anbe, 
^"3 fragte nt*ta nad>, ^°^ (Sd}in!en, 'o^ Jractamcnt (l^ccferbiffen), ^^"^ em Uebri^ 
<\c3 t^un, ^0' man mug nid)t irrthümttc^ l^ialtcn, '«s $8iumeni1ücf, ^»^ SJorlicbe, 
^'0 ^attc nie eine abweic^enbe 9)?einung geäupcrt, '" Iad)te fid) in'ö Säujld^en, 
"■•^ rut)ig, "3 gewobnt gewefen »ar, '^^ tcrpi^nt (eingefc^muggelt), ^^^ barüber 
ftatte fie SBupe gct^an, ^^« halbier brocken, ^^^ äßafferfrucj, "^ ^jj^^jy^j-jj^jj^ip^ 
i'3 Unfraut, ^^o um^erwac^fen. 



ficfcftiiif 2. 

THE USE OF THE BEAUTIFUL. (S^Iuv). 

1. The poor little woman had a kind of clironic ^ 
heart-sickness, like tlie pining ^ of a teething ^ chiki ; 
but slie never knew exactly what it was slie waiited> 
If ske ever was sick, no man coukl be kinder than tke 
Deacon. He kas been known ^ to karness ^ in all 
käste, and rusli ^ to tke neigkboring town at four 
o'clock in tke moming, tkat ke migkt bring ker some 
delicacj ^ ske kad a f ancy for ^ — for ^^ tkat ke could 
See tke use of ; bnt ke could not sympatkize in ker 
craving desire ^^ to see Powers' Greek Slave/^ wkick 
was exkibiting ^^ in a neigkboring town. " "Wkat did 
Ckristian people want of ^^ stun (stone) images ?" ^^ ke 
wanted to know.^° He tkougkt tke Scriptures ^^ put 
tkat tking down.^^ " Eyes kave tkey, but tkey see not ; 
ears kave tkey, but tkey kear not ; neitker speak tkey 
tkrougk tkeir tkroat.^^ Tkey tkat make tkem are like 
unto tkem ; so is every one tkat trustetk in ^*^ tkem." 
Tkere was tke Deacon's opinion of tke arts ; and Mrs. 
Deacon only sigked and wisked ske could see it — tkat 
was all. 

2. But it came to pass ^^ tkat tke Deacon's eldest 
son went to live in New York, and from tkat timo 



128 Se^rBuc^ ber cnölifd)en (^pra$e, 

stränge clianges "~ began to appear in the family, tlaat 
tlie Deacon dicln't like ; but as Jethro was a smart,^-^ 
driving ^^ lad,^^ and making monej at a great pace,^*^ 
he at first said nothing. But on his mother's birth- 
daj, down he came and brought a box~' for his mother, 
which, being unpacked,-^ contained ^^ a Parian Sta- 
tuette "*^ of JPaul and Virginia, simple little group as 
ever told its story in clay.^^ 

3. Everybody was soon standing round it in open- 
mouthed ^^ admiration, and poor Mrs. Tilden wiped "^ 
her eyes more than once as she looked on it. It 
seemed a ^dsion^^ of beau ty in the desolate neatness^^ 
of the best room. 

"Very pretty, I s'pose," said the Deacon, doubt- 
fully ^^ — for like most fathers of spirited ^^ twenty-three- 
olders,^^ he began to feel a little in awe ^^ of his son — 
" but, dear me,^^ what a sight^^ of money to give for a 
thing that, after all,^^ is of no use !" 

" I think," said Jethro, looking at his mother's suf- 
fused ^^ eyes, '4t is one of the most ^csefid things that 
has been brought into the house this many a day." '^^ 

4. " I don't see how you're going to make that 
out,"^^ said the Deacon, looking apprehensively ^° at 
the young v/isdom that had risen '^^ in his household. 

" What will you wager ^^ me, father, that I will 
proYe out of your own mouth that this Statuette is as 
useful as your cart^^ and oxen." 

" I know you have a great way ^^ of Coming round 
folks,^^ and twitching them up ^^ before they fairly " 
know where they are; but I'll stand ^^ you on this 
question, anyway." ^^ And the Deacon put his yellow 
silk bandanna ^^ over his bald ^^ head, and took up his 
Position in the window-seat. 

5. " Well now, father, what is the use of your cart 
and oxen ?" 

" Why,^^ I could not work ^^ the farm without them, 
and you'd all have nothing to eat, drink, or wear." 

" Well, and what is the use of your eating, drinkin g, 
and wearing ?" 



S^cöelmäftgeö 3^iti^öt-t 129 

" Use ? wliy, we coulcl not keep alive ^° ^itliout it." 

"And what is the use of our keeping alive ?" 

" The nse of our keeping alive ?" 

" Yes, to be sure ; ^^ wLy do we try and strive ^^ and 
twist *^^ and turn ^^ to keep alive, and what's tlie use of 
living?" 

" Living ! wliy, we want to live ; we enjoy living.^^ 
All creatures do. Dogs and cats and every kind of 
beast. Life is sweet." 

" The use of living, then, is that we enjoy it ?" 

"Yes." 

6. " Well, we all enjoy this Statuette, so that there 
is the same value ^^ to that that there is in living ; and 
if your oxen and carts, and food and clothes, and all 
that you call necessary things^* have no value except 
to keep in life, and life has no value except enjoy- 
ment,*^^ then this Statuette is a short cut ^'^ to the great 
thing for which your farm and everything eise is de- 
signed.'''^ You do not enjoy your cart for what it is, but 
because of its use to get ibocl and clothes ; and food and 
clothes we value "^ for the enjoyment '" they give. But 
a Statuette or a picture, or any beautiful thing, gives 
enjoyment at once. We enjoy it the moment we see it 
for itself,'^ and not for any use we mean to make of it. 
So that strikes ^^ the great end of hfe '^ quicker than 
any thing eise, don't it ? Hey, father, haven't I got 
mycase?"" 

7. " I believe the pi^s' ' are getting'^ to the garden," 
Said the Deacon, rushing out ''■' of the front-door. 

But to his wife he said, before going to bed, " Isn't 
it amazing ^^ the way Jethro can talk ? ^^ I couldn't do 
it myself, but I had it in me, though,^^ if I"d had his 
advantages.^^ Jethro is a chip of the old block." ^^ 

Mus. Stowe. 



1 c^romfÄ, 2 Da^infied^cn, ^ ^a^nciib, ^ baa i^r fcMte, = man linigte öon i|m, 
6 ban er angefpannt Um, "' geeilt roax, * £)eUcateffe, ^ wonacf) ftc ein I)efonbereö 
SSerlangcn ^egtc, ^'^ benn, '^^ mit i^rem Brennenben 25erlangen, ^^ grtec^ifc^e 
(Sflaöin (bie -'^O^armorilatue bcö amcrifanifi^en SilbMuera ?Pcwera), ^Hie ju 
fet)cn »ar (auvgcjteUt tvar), ^-^ tv.;? njoUten rf}riiliic^e Seu^e mit,- ^= SSilbey, 



130 ?el)rbud^ tcr cnöUrci)en (Spracljc* 

'•^ bai möi^tc er lt»c^t lt»i|Ten, ^' bie f)ci(ige (Si^rift, '* fiätte baö »erl'Otctt, 
'3 ^a(^f 2^ ber fein S5ertrauen fe^t auf, -^ eö ereignete \id}, '^- merfrcürbige 35er' 
änbcrungcn, ^^ Cit]d)m, ^^\txtb\am, ^^Sßurfc^e, 2" mie ^cu (mit fc^neüen ©d)rit^ 
len), -^ "Xläftc^cn» ^^ aU eö auögepacft n)urbe, '^^ ent()ielt, -^ »Figuren, ^i 2;t,Dn, 
2- mit offenem S)?unbe, ^^ juifd)te fid) bie 5tugcn, ^ ein Sraumgelnibe, ^^ in 
ber troftiofen iSauberfeit, ^'^ mit jiveifel^after SJtiene, 2' gewecf t, "'Üinberton 
breiunbu^an'iig fuhren, ^^ Ülefpeft, ^^ t,u lie^e Seit, '»^ Raufen, '^-am (inbe bcd), 
^2 in 3;i)ränen fd^anmmenb, ^^ feit langer Seit, ^^ lt)ie bu baö ben?eiien will)!, 
^^ bebenflic^, "^^ aufgewad)fen, '^^ wetten, "^^ Strbeit^tüagen, ^^ befonbere 2)ianicr, 
"' bie Seute ^erum^ufriegen, " unb fte ju faffen, ^•'^ red)t, -^ ic^ Xdiü bir fRebe 
itnb STntroort'fle^en, ^^ »ie'a auc^ fornmen mag, ^*^ ^al^tud), " fa{)l, ^^ ei! 
59 bearbeiten, *^*^ n^ir fönnten nic^t am iithni Bleiben, " freilid), '^^ plagen, 
'^■^ placfen, " mü^cn luir un5 ab, ^^ n)ir traben Sreube am ßeben, ^'^ SßertJ), 
"notbn3enbige23ebürfniffe, t^^ i^reube, *^9füv^erer Seg, "'Heftimmt itl, 'Hd)ät'cn 
lüir, '2 ©cnuf?, '^ feiner fetbft lüiüen, "'^ erreicht, " i?ebenßjtt)e(f, ''^ I}abe ic^ 
mein opiet nid)t gewonnen ? " <Sd)roeine, ''^ fommen, "'^ ^inau^flür^enb, ^° er»* 
ftaunlid), ^' wie Set^ro fprec^cn fann, ^^ id) ^ätte e(3 bo(^ in mir gehabt, ^^tocnn 
ii) fo begünftigt gewcfen wäre, ^^ ein ©tütf öom alten Stamm (ber S(pfel fällt 
nid}t weit ijcm Stamm). 



Ceritiou xvrii. 

®a^ ^^Dct&* ^!5t)crBien bc^ &vabc§ nnb bct 

!Sc^ ©ta^e^ t i;er?/, ?nwc/^, pretty, almost, even, ioo, 
enough, most, very rauch, very much indeed, cjreaÜy, 
Mglily, 
^er ^eifc : onhj, hid, 'pretiy well, icell, fast, liard, 
^ledctt^atten : to seitle, to ask, to asJc for, fo go for, to 
sendfor, to start ober departfor, to afford. 

SBörtcrsä^crjcitfjnig. 

almost, 16etna^e, rescue, ipülfe. 

to get ready, fid> fertig mad)en. to looli like, alntlid) fc'l)en, 

pretty well, gicmlid) gut. so much, fo fein*. 

highly, I)üd)ü6, fel^r. to mistake for, (fälfd^lic^) 

to be regretted, ya khiucrn. (^aIten für. 

to perish, umfommeit. to afford, tic W\\it\ kkn ju. 

betöre, cl)c. eiioiigli, genug. 



;a0 5(ti>erK 



131 



confidence, 3wtrviiicn. 
neither liave I, id) and) nid)t. 
gi-eatly obliged, ]*e!)r »erbun^ 

ten. 
tolerably, Ieit)Ud% 
if I am to, tvcnn id) folf. 
fast, jUneü» 
altogether, tnrd^aui?. 
puzzled, in 3?er(ev5cn{)cit. 
highly probable, ^öd^ft wa^r^ 

fd^einlid\ 
separated, getrennt, 
greatlv, fei)r. 
to excite, aufreihen, 
frankly, offen, 
to ail, fcblen. 
to relieve, Reifen. 
but ten, nur gef^n. 
to suspect, argirof)nen. 
careless, leid^tfmnig. 
butclier, ^ö>iaö>tcv. 
tenderloin-steak, S3eef|1ea! an5 

ter Seid^e. 
displeased, unjufrieten. 
foreign, frcmt, auelantifd}. 



to pursue, cinfd^tagen. 

to mend, fid) beffern. 

are apt to commifc, tegef>en 

jumcilcn. 
blunder, iI3er[ei)en, ^eMer, 
to settle, löfen. 
difficulty, ^incten. 
to settle a bill, eine 3Redmung 

tegaMen, 
to settle (iu a place), fid} 

anfiel ein, 
it is settled, ci ijl aucgemai^t. 
to Start für, aheifennac^. 
to ask somebody for some- 

thing, S^ntanc Htten um 
to lend, leiben» [etmaö, 

to ask somebody, 3^1^*^!^'^ 

fragen, bitten. 
to ask for somebody, na(^ 

3cmant fragen. 
to send for, bolen laffen. 
to go for, bcicn. 
if you have no objection, 

ii^enn Sie nic^t^ tagegen Ija:: 

ben. 



Ue6un9§5$(ufga6c 1. 

It is almost time to get ready for cliurch. How did 
George do bis work ? He did it pretty well. It is 
highly to be regretted that he should perish before we 
could come to bis rescue. You look so much like your 
brother that I had almost mistaken you for him. I 
should like to go to California, if I could well afford 
it ; but I find that I have not money enough. Have 
you any confidence in this man's honesty ? Not very 
much. Neither have I. John sends you his comph- 
ments, and he is greatly obhged to you for the basket 
of apples you sent him last week. How do you do ? 
I am tolerably well, now. If I am to understand what 



132 ?cl;rbud) ter cnßlifd)cn ^prad}e. 

jou saj, you must not speak so fast. Tou sj)eak too 
fast altogether. I am yery much puzzled, indeed, what 
to think of this matter. It is liighly probable that it 
will rain before night. It is hard to be separated from 
your best friends. If I only knew what ifc was that so 
greatly excited her ! If you would but frankly teil me 
v/hat ails you, I might easily find some means of re- 
lieving you. There are but ten eggs in this basket ; 
where are the rest? I almost suspect you to haye 
broken them. Yes, it is even so ; you are very care- 
less, indeed. Will you go to the butcher's for me ? 
Teil him I want two pounds of tenderloin-steak ; but 
he must give me better meat than he did day before 
5'esterday ; teil him that I vv^as greatly displeased with 
the meat. If you want to learn a foreign language, 
much, indeed, will depend upon the method you pur- 
sue. It is never too late to mend. Even the wisest 
are apt to commit blunders. "Will you help me to 
settle this difficulty ? When do you intend to settle 
your bill with me? I shall settle them next week. 
Where do these people intend to settle ? They are 
going to settle m the State of Wisconsin. It is now 
settled that we shall start for Bremen in July next. 
I want to ask you for the book I lent you last week. 
What was the question you asked me ? What does the 
man want? He asks for Mr. Howard. Please, ask 
your father if you can go with me. What did your 
mother send for? She sent for some onions and pota- 
toes. John, go for the doctor ; your brother is sick. 
If you have no objection, I should hke to borrow your 
horse and buggy. I have no objection at all. Wliere 
do you want to go ? I intend to start for the Central 
Park to-morrow moming. I wisli I could afford to 
kcep a horse and carriage ; but I cannot now afford it. 

SBörtcrsScrjci^nig. 

^ertmnten, obliged. ftcr^en, to die. 

5Inerlneten, offer. heften, expenses. 

in hraitern, to be regi-etted. Unternehmen, undertaking. 



XM %b'mh. 133 

beflreiten, to defray. haucf^en, to need. 
mnn ti niö>t i^erlangt mxt, if ifc i?crCienen, to earn. 

were not asking. tie ^äi]tt, one half, 

jci^en, to sliow. Chancen, chances. 

machen, to do. ane gefiel 3^nen? how were 

ic^ freue mi6>, I am glad. you pleased with ? 

beentigen, to finish. tie geftrige 5{uffübrung, yester- 

5Rübe, trouble. day's Performance. 

0lid^tigfeit, correctness. I)cd)ft makf(^einli6, higlily 

Slnjlctt, view. probable, 

übeqcugen, to convince. Lebensmittel, victuals. 
i^ truntere micb, I am sur- tie riei?jat)rigeSrme,thisyear'a 

prised. crops. 

tc^ für^te, I am afraid. aller 5DabrfcbetnIidJ!eit na6>, in 

faul, lazy. all probability. 

böfe auf, angry with. in tie .^öl)e ge()en, to go 

jurücferftatten, to pay back« up. 

3(B bin 3^nen fe!^r öcrknten für baö ^TnerBtctcn, tt^th 
c^eö ^te mir gemacht I;abcn. (^ö ift \c\)x in betauern, taf 
er fo jung geftorben ift» §aft bu ©elb genug, um bie heften 
biefe^ Unternehmen^ ^u beftreiten "^ 3(^ \)abc md)x alö ge=: 
nug. Söenn e^ nxd^t ^u ötel »erlangt wäre, fo tt?ürte id) «Sie 
bitten, mir ^u ^etgen, wie iä) bieö mad)en folL ilOie ge^t eö 
3^nen l^eute, mein greunb ? 3d) banfe, e^3 gebt mir ^temlid^ 
gut; eö geb^ mir üiel be|]er al^ geftern. 3cl) freue mid) fe^r, 
bag ic^ meine 5(rbeit beinal)e beenbigt l)abe. (^^ f)at mir 
,^iemli^ öiel Tlixl)t gefoftet, x\)n "s^on ber S^icbtigfeit meiner 
Slnftd^t ^u überzeugen. 3c^ wunbere mi^ fe^r, bag bu no^ 
nic^t me^r öon ber englifd)en <Bpxad}t yerftel)ft; bu hift boc^ 
lange genug in bic (5^ule gegangen ; ic^ für^te beinahe, bu 
bift fe^r faul gewefem 3d^ bin rec^t fe^r hb\t auf i^n, ba§ 
er ba^ ©elr?, baö i^ i^m ge(ie()en, noä) immer ntrf)t ^urücf^ 
crftattet i)<it 53rauc^t man in 9^ettJ gjcrf i^iel ©elr ? 3a, 
man braucht fefjr »iel, aber man »erbient aud) fe^r i)iel unb 
fclmell. Senn id) nur bie Hälfte feiner d^ancen hattt, id) 
wäre f^on längft mi weiter al^ er. Söie gefiel 3^nen bie 
geftrige 5(uffü^rung be^ SBaüenftein ? <^c^x gut, wirfli^ 
7 



134 M)xbx\^ ber cngUfcf)en (Sprache* 

\d)x öuL (vg ift l)od)ft ira^rfc^ctnlid), tag tie Lebensmittel 
t{)eurer inerten ; fte warm öortgeu Söinter fd'ion fel)r tl)euer, 
nnb He tteSjd^nge Grnte ift fo fd)(e(i)t, bag bie 5)reife aller 
23af)rfd)einUd^feit nac^ in bie §of)e gelten ererben» 

ßefcftücf 1» 

THE VENTURESOME BOY (Xcr Üeine SDagetjarß). 

1. There Tvas ^ a little boy, by tlie name of ^ Thomas 
Etirick, "wlio lived ^ in tlie northern ^ part ^ of Ireland. 
He was a smart ^ active ' lad, and his parents were 
yery proud ^ and fond of liim,^ 

2. Thomas' father was a x)Oor fisherman, and lived 
in a small cabin,^^ near ^^ the sea-shore.^^ He had to 
get np ^^ eaiiy ^^ every morning, to catch ^^ fish, and 
his ^äfe went out to Service '^ in their landlord's ^* 
family. 

3. Thomas was left^^ to take care of himself^^ so 
mnch^^ that, when he was twelve years old, he was more 
bold^'° and fearless^' than most boys of his age.^^ 

4. He eamed ^^ all he could '-^ to hel]3 the family by 
doing errands ^^ for the neighbors."'^ He had a Tvarm 
heart,""' and was so mnch attached^^ to Peter, theh- 
landlord's son, that he seemed^^ willing^^ to do any- 
thing '^^ he could to please "^ him. 

5. He had heard ^^ Peter say, he wished ^* he had a 
young eagle,^^" and Thomas said he would try "'^ to 
get^' one for him. He knew^^ where there was --^ a 
nest of young eagles, about^*^ half way up^^ a rocky 
chff^^ that stood^^ by the sea-shore ; but the rocks 
were so steep ^^ he could not reach ^^ them from the 
water-side.^^ 

6. But Thomas was a persevering'" boy, and finally^^ 
hitupon^^ a plan by which he hoped ^^ to reach the 
nest and get one of the young eagles. So ^^ he got "''^ 
a long rope,^^ and started ofl?^ with some other boys, 
and went to the top ^^ of the cliff from the land-side. 

7. ^^hen he reached the top, Thomas tied ^° the rope 



'La^ %WvK 135 

arouDcl liis waist,^~ and his companions ^^ let Lim 
down ^^ over the rocks. "When they liad lowered *^^ 
him a few yards, liis courage ^^ began to fall ; "^^ for, 
nearly ^^ two liundred feet below '^^ him, he could seo 
the waves *^' foaming ^"^ and dashing ^ ' against the rocks, 
and he knew, if he fell,^^ he would be dashed in pieces.^'-' 
8. But he did not give up the attempt.'^ He toW*^ 
his companions to let him down slowly,"^- lest '^ he 
should strike'^ against the jagged'^ rocks. When 
abont half way down the cliff, he saw the nest witli 
three young eagles in it,'^^ and he made signs ' ' to his 
young friends to stop '^ letting out the rope. '^ 

^ eö war einmal, ^ 5?amcn5, -^ leMc, ^ nörblid}, ^ Zi)d\, " ftug, ' gctrtanbt, 
8 jlolj, ^ unb Ratten i^n fe^r lieh ^'^ glitte, '^ an, '^ ©tranb, ^^ er niupte auf-- 
fte()en, ^-^ früf), '^ fangen, ^^ auf Sagelc^n, ^' ®utcl)err, ^^ Hieb fic^ \üb\t 
überlaffen, ^M'e^f/ ^^ »erwegen, '■'' furd)tloö, ^^ ^U<:x, ^^^ücrbicntc, "^foöieler 
nur fonnte, "^'^ inbem er ®en)erC^e ging, ^^ 9f?ad)barn, '•'■' ^erj, ^t* fü^,(tc j-j({) j-^ 
I)i>ige'^Dgen, ^^ [c^jen, ^o [>ercit, ^i ^üc^, iraiS, ^^ erfreuen, ^3 gehört, ^4 f^ 
njünfd)c, ^^ 5tbkr, ^'^ öerfudien, ^^ kfommcn, ^^ i^juptc, ^^ [i(^ Bcfanb, ^^ ungc^ 
fä^r; "»^ ^alb f;inauf, ^^ gel^fU^pc, « \id} (xhob, ^^\k[\, ^^crreidjcn, ^«^SSaO'cr^ 
feite, ^'' fcekrrlid), ^' cnbli*, ^^ verfiel auf, •■° {)offte, ^^ baljcr. " friegtc 
fid), ^3 ©trief. ^-^ niadne fid» auf bcn 2Bcg, "" ©ipfcl, ^« fd^tang, "Seit\ ^«ila^ 
meraben, ^^ ließen xbrx l)inab, ^^ l^inuntergelaffen, '^^ Wlnti), '^- fln!cn, '^^ beinalie, 
^ unter, *5 Sßellen, '^M'^äumenb, " fdilagenb, ^- trenn er fiele, »^^ fo föürbe'er 
jerfd)mettcrt werben, '^ SJerfud), '^riefju, '^nangfam, '^ bamit nic6t, '^fd)lüge, 
" jacfig, '"^ barin, '^ 3cic^en, '^ ba5 Sau nic^t weiter gc'^cn ju laffen. 



Sefeftüj! 2* 

THE VEXTURESOME BOY. (Sc^lup.) 

1. He swung himself^ into a little niche^ in the 
rock, close by ^ the nest. The young birds made a 
great outcry ; ^ and he was afraid ^ the old eagles 
would hear them, and fly ^ to their relief.'^ He caught^. 
one of the young eagles, and then jerked ^ the rope 
for ^^ the boys to pull him up ; ^^ but no notice was 
taken of it.^^ 

2. He pulled again and again, and called aloud ^^ to 
his companions to draw ^^ him up ; but he received ^^ 
no reply.^^ He then gave^^ the rope a hard,^^ sudden^^ 



13Ö ?el;rbuc^ ter englifc^en Sprac()C* 

jerk/^^ wliicli drew it from ^^ their hands, and it feil on 
the rocks helovi- Lim. He was Struck with horror ^^ afc 
the awful ^^ doom ^^ tliat seemed to await ^^ him, and 
he began to be faint and dizzj.^^ 

3. He could not climb out of the place ^* where he 
stood, -v^-ithout falling ; ^^ and no one could hear his cry 
for help.''-* He had but a narrow ^^ foothold/^ and he 
feared ^' that when the old eagles returned ^^ to their 
nest they would sweep him off"^ Tvith their strong 
wings,^^ and hurl "*^ him upon the rugged "^ rocks be- 
low. 

4. He knew his companions would run ^^ for help ; ^^ 
but as -^^ it was nearly ^^ two miles to ^- the nearest 
house, it would take them some time to go and return, 
before any help could reach him. Every minute seemed 
an hour ; for he knew that he could not remain ^" there 
long unless '^ some one ^^ should soon -^ come to his 
assistance."^' 

5. He knew he had done wrong ^^ in Coming there 
without the consent ^^ of his parents ; and thought ^*^ 
that the awful death ^^ that seemed to await him was 
but a just ^^ judgment ^^ for his misconduct."^ He 
thought, if he could only be saved,^^ he Avould never 
do wrong again. 

6. He hid '^'^ his face ^* against the rocks, and 
prayed ^^ that God would forgive '^'^ him, and deliver ^^ 
him from his perilous *^^ position.*^^ Suddenly ^^ he feit 
something seize ^' him by the Shoulder. ^^ He thought 
it was the eagle's talons.^^ But how great was his sur- 
prise ^' and joy ^^ when he found it to be his own 
father's hand ! 

7. The boys had given the alarm,^^ and Mr. Ettrick 
and a few of his neighbors ran to the chff to rescue '^ 
the Tentui'esome boy. With a strong rope, Mr. Ettrick 
was let down in the same manner '^ as Thomas had 
been, tili he reached the eagle's nest. 

8. He tied the rope around his son's waist, and the 
men on the top of the rock drew him up. Then they 
let down the rope, and Mr. Ettrick was drawn up in 



2Daö (Sigenfdjaft^njorL 137 

the same way,"^^ bringing two of the young eagles with 
liim. 

9. He gave orte of the young eagles to Peter, and 
told him to keep it '^ as a memorial '^ of the dangers '^ 
and hardships '"^ to which Thomas had exposed '' him- 
self, in Order to "^^ obtain '^ it for him. 

10. The other he gave to Thomas and told him to 
keep it as a memorial of that kind ^^ Providence,^^ who 
had so mercifully ^-^ preserved ^^ his life, and by whom 
he had been rescued ^^ from his perilous position. 

' -^ülfe, 8 ergriff» ® lo<if ^^ bvimit, " I;crauTlie{)en möchten, '^ cd Jt)urbe nid)t 
Uadjm, '3 rief laut, '■* jie^cn, ^^ erhielt, '^ 5(ntn)ort, ^^ gab, ^^ ]taxU ^^plö^^ 
lic^, 20 ?fjn£f^ 21 entzog, " ^^ ^yj^^ ^^jj^ Sc^recf ergriffen, "^ ßrauenfiaft, 
2^ :öooö, 2^ irarten, ^^ unb bie (Sinne fingen an i^m ;^u fcf}n.nnben, ^^ Stelle, 
'^ Dl)ne ju faden, " ^üifcruf, ^'' engen, ^^ Stnbalt^punft für bie gü§e, 
32 fürd)tete, »^ prücffefirten, ^ fierunterfd)taaen, ^5 ^lüget, »« fd}Ieubem, 
"'' fpi^, 38 eilen, ^9 ^ülfe, -»o j.^^^ 41 teina{)e, ^^ {,i^ ^ac^, "^ bleiben, ^^ mm 
nic^t, ^^Semanb, ^^ balb, ^^ ^ülfe, ^s Unrecht, « (vrlaubnip, ^^ backte, ^> Sob, 
^2 gerecht, =3 Strafe, ^-i Ungebcrfam, ^s gerettet, ^^ ,, erbarg, ^'®eri*t, ^^ betete, 
*^ »ergeben, ^»erretten, «' gefaf^röode, ^2 gage, ^^ptöMi*, «^anfaffen, ^'=^(i}uU 
ter, "56 ^ange, " (£r|launen, "^'^ i^reube, ^^' 2iixm gemacht, ''^ befreien, ■' auf 
biefelbeSßeife, ^2auf biefelbe SBeife, ''^ er fcüc ibn bc"^altcn, '^ 2(ubenfen, '^©c^ 
fahren, '^ 5jngj|, 77 auögefe^t, "'^ um— ju, '^ erlangen, ^^ gütig, ^' S3orfe^ung, 
^2 gnabig, ^^ ^cnja^rt, "^ gerettet ioorben war. 



Ccfitiou XIX. 

(Komparation)* 

S^cben^artCtt : to Tairry, to he in a hurry, to pay atten- 
tion, to hear, to icear, to take pains, to succeed, to get 
rid of, to grow. 



SöisrtcrsS^crjcij^ni^. 

rieh, retd\ poor, aritt. 

as he is, ti?ie er, lost, verloren, 

also, (^\xi). parents, (Eltern, 



138 



^cl^rlmcl; ter enöUfc^cn (^pradje* 



always, immer, 

liappy, g(üc!Iict\ 

cloth, Zu6>, 

cheap, Mdig* 

liandsome, lm6fd\ 

cousin, (icufinc. 

yet, noä>. 

old, alt. 

new -wine, juncjcr S^cin* 

day, Zü^. 

sliort, !ur^. 

tall, grojj (hod) auföcfc^oiJm). 

shoi-t, fleiii» 

lead, mi 

heavy, fctwcr, 

ii'on, (Eifcn. 

metal, Tutali. 

the more contentedj je jufric^ 

tener» 
the liappier, tc|lo glüdliifcr. 
di^esses, ftcitct fid). 
after tlie latest fasliion, na6 

ter neueften -iJiote» 
late, fpat, 

nine o'clock, neun U()r* 
weatlier, 2Öetter» 
bad, fdled)t. 
to-day, kute» 
worse, fd^Iec^ter, 
yesterday, geftcrn. 
boot, Stiefel. 
I eyer wore, tie i^i) je getragen 

in town, in ter Statt, 



tlie less, je jreniger. 

there are, eö gibt. 

industrious, fleißig. 

people, Seute. 

attentive, aufmerifam, 

most, am meiften, 

never, nie. 

satisfied, ^ufrieten, 

to possess, tefi^en. 

to want, jrotlen, jriinfden. 

to bo in a huny, in l^ile fein. 

to finisb, l'eentigen. 

to stay, Heiben. 

to pay attention, aiifmerffam 

fein, 
to get along, fertig irerten. 
to bear, tragen (^aft). 
to wear, tragen (Gleiter), 
under-garments, Unterzeug, 
we are told, e^ ift nnc gebeten, 
to bear uj^, ten ilcpf oben t;aU 

ten. 
adverse cii-cumstances, S}i^ 

tera^artigfeiten. 
to take pains, fid> ^ixvt geben, 
in sjDite of, trctp. 
remonstrances, ©egeni^orftct^ 

(ungen. 
to calumniate, ijerlanmtcn. 
employer, 5irbcitgeber. 
to get rid of, Ici iverten. 
liabit, ©eivD^nbeit. 
to grow weai-y, müce trerten. 
to listen, Ruberen. 



llcBung§5tefoa6c 1. 

My uncle is ricli ; he is a yery rieh man ; his brother 
is not so rieh as he is, but his sister is richer. These 
children are poor ; they have lost their parents. A 
rieh man is not always a happy man. Is this cloth as 



Xa^ etgenfc^aftawort, 139 

clieap as that ? It is clieaper tlian tliafc, but it is not 
so goocl as this is. Maiy is a haudsome girl ; but her 
cousin is handsomer yet. Old wine is milder tlian new 
wine. The dajs in winter are sliorter tlian in summer. 
Whicli is tho tallest of these boys ? James is tho tau- 
est, and Fred is tlie shortest. Lead is lieavier tlian 
iron ; but gold is tlie lieaviest metal. The more con- 
tented a man, the happier will he be. She dresses 
after the latest fashion. Do not come later than nine 
o'clock. The weather is very bad to-day, but it was 
worse yesterday. These are the worst Ijoots I ever 
wore. Is the butter good ? It is better than yours. 
We have the best milk in town. The less money he 
has, the hapjrler he is. There are no more industrious 
people than the Germans. The most attentive boys 
and girls will leam most. Man is never satisfied ; the 
more he possesses, the more he wants. I am in a 
great hurry to finish this work. What's your liuiTy, 
Emily ? 1 think I cannot stay any longer ; my f ather 
told me to hurry up. If you want to leam, you must 
pay attention. How do you get along with your 
studies ? I cannot get along with boys that pay no 
attention to what I teil them. We bear a bürden, but 
we wear clothes. I always wear light under-garments 
even in summer. We are told to bear one another's 
burdens ; we sometimes find it difficult to bear up un- 
der the weight of adverse circumstances. If you take 
pains, you will succeed to leam English in less time 
than you imagine. No gains without pains. In spite 
of my remonstrances he continued to calumniate his 
employer. Would you like to get rid of this feUow ? 
To be sure, but I do not know how. Lend him a dol- 
lar, and he will no more trouble you. It is a difficult 
thing to get rid of bad habits. I am growing weary 
of constantly hstening to his lamentations. How is 
your brother ? He is growing worse and worse ; I am 
afraid he is going to die. 



140 



22ßürtcr^9Seqci^ni§. 



Suttrt(Tt; Le^sis. 


Seutc, people. 


^axi, Charles. 


iivLQ, smart, cleyer. 


%vi^, Fred 


aufjUiekn, to postpone. 


jmti^j'te, latest. 


fc^mierig, difficult. 


(irci^^^i^, event. 


tjvilten \ixv, consider. 


geand'tiv^, weiglitj, far-reach- 


feprad^ftutium, study of lan- 


ing. 


guages. 


^olßcn, consequences. 


langireilig, tedious. 


etel, precious. 


tie eö gibt, in existence. 


(Silber, silver. 


na6ft, neai-est. 


Tupfer, copper. 


%a^xt, ferry. 


mttaU, metal. 


lampfcn, to fight. 


in tcr ganzen 2ScIt, iu all tlie 


l^orl^erft, foreniost. 


World. 


iRei^en, ranks. 


fruchtbar, fertile. 


(Soltd, soldier. 


3U|amment}valtGn, to keep to- 


wnangenebm, disagi-eeable. 


gether. 


^cmmer^i^e, heat of siimmer. 


leiSt, easy, light. 


9iüt^, distress. 


firmer, heavy. 


tugentbaft, vii-tuous. 


gefabrlid^, dangerous. 


©elcgenbeit, oi^portunity. 


irägkit, indolence. 


©liid, fortune. 


Unma§iß!eit, iutemx>erance. 


terniinftig, reasonable. 


ßbvlic^ ivdh't am fänciftcn, hon- 


SparfamfcU, economy. 


esty is tlie best policy. 


öerHnten, to urdte. 



^ntm(\ ift fleigig, fein 53ntber ^arl i]\ fleiptgcr, aber grt^ 
ifi am ffelfngfteiu Xie jüngften(5reigni]|e in Gurcpajrerceu 
öon tcn geimchtigftcn ?^elgen fein, Xie trac^ftcn v^ct)üler 
ge^cn getrctinlid) am fpäteften an tie 5lrktL (Silber ift etlcr 
a(ö Tupfer, aber taö @oIü ift tao etelfle ???etalL Xie eng? 
lifd)en Offerte geboren ^u ten fd)bnftcn, nü^lid\ften, fdvrtellften 
nnt ftarfften in ter ganzen ®elt. Xie 3>creinigten Staaten 
i^cn ?^orramcrifa ftiit ta^? rcid^fte, frud)tbarfte Öanb in ter 
2Belt. (V0 ift I)ier piel Ictd)tcr dklt :^u i^ertienen a(^3 cö t,n^ 
fammen^ubalten. SBa^^ ift leidster, dn 9>funb getern cter 
ein 5>funt)'©olt>? Xaö ^inc ift fo fd)wer mc tae 5Merc. 



Xie (^efahrlidjftcn geinte unfreö !2eBcn$ fint Iräcj(>e{t mw 
Unmafuc^feit. (£hrlid) n.Hiln-t am Kingftcn- Xie reicbüeu 
teilte ftnr nidu immer tie flügften. 3e lano^tx tu ticjV^Uv 
Ikü auffdncbft, tefto fc^anerioia* anrt fte tir ircrreiu Xie 
mdft^n Thnid)tn (galten taö^^prad)ftutium für tie [d^irerfte 
unt (angmeiligfte 5(rbeit, tie C5 c\ibt. kennen Sie mir ten 
itcid)ften 23eg nad) ter gulton gä(;re geigen? Xer ©eneral 
fämpfte in ten öcrterften 9ieif)en feiner Scitaten, 9]id}ty 
ift mir unanc^ene()mer a(0 tie ^rofe (Bommcxijm. SBenn tie 
dlot\) am greinen, ift ©ottcö |)ülf am nadM'ten! Xer tugent^ 
I;aftefte ?3knfc^ ift and) ter greifte, Xu bah in tiefem ^ante 
tie größte Gkle^^enbeit tetn ©lücf ^^u mad)en, wenn tu mit 
Örö^^em gleip eine vernünftige (Sparfamfeit i^erbinteft. 

Scfeftüt!. 

THE VALLEY OF TEAES. An Allegory. 

Sae Zhal ter S^ränen.— Sine Slttegorie, 

1: I once liad a dream — and jet it was not all a 
dream — in wliich ifc seemed to me tliat I set out ^ upon 
a long joumevthrough a dark yallej, wliich was called 
the Valley of Tears. 

2. The Valley had tliis name because tliose -wlio were 
trayeling through it met with ^ many sorrowful ^ trials^ 
on their way, and most of them left it in very gi-eat 
pain and anguish.^ It was fiill of all manner of people 
— of all ages,® and colors, and conditions ; ' yet all 
were traveling in the same direction ; or rather,^ al- 
though they were taking ^ many diffcerent Httle paths, 
these all led ^*^ to the same common end. 

3. I noticed, also, that these people, though differ- 
ing so mnch in complexion,^^ ages, and tempers,^- were 
all alike in one respect : ^^ each had a bürden on his 
back,^^ which he was compelled ^^ to carry, through the 
toü ^° and heat of the day, until he shoufd arrive at his 
journey's end. 

4. It would haye been very hard for the poor pil- 



142 ^e!)rbud) tcr enö(ifd)cn <Sprad)c. 

grims to bear up ^' uncler the toils of such a journev, 
had not the lord of the yalley, out of compassion for^*^ 
them, provided,^^ among other things, the following 
means '^^ for their relief.'^^ In thek füll xiew,^"^ over 
the entrance of the yalley, he had written, in great let- 
ters of gold — " Bear ye one anotliers burdens.'''^-^ 

5. Not/ I saw, in my yision,^^ that many of the pil- 
grims hurried on^^ without stopping^^ to read this 
inscription : some read it, but paid very httle atten- 
tion ^' to it ; while a third sort thought it very good 
advice ^^ for other people, but seldom apphed it to 
theinselvesP 

6. I saw, indeed, that very many of those who were 
staggering along ^^ wearily ^^ under their loads, were 
of opinion that they had burdens enough of their o^vn, 
without taking -a-pon themselves those of other people ; 
and so each triecl to get along ^^ as well as he could, 
without so much as casting ^^ a thought on a poor 
overloaded neighbor who was toiling ^^ by his side. 

7. And here I made a singular "^ discovery/^ which 
showed to me the great folly^' of these selfish=^^ people ; 
for I observed^^ that things had been so ordered^^ by 
the lord of the yalley, that if any one stretched out his 
hand to lighten ^^ a neighbor's bürden, he found that 
the kind act ^^ neyer f ailed ^^ to hghten his o^tl ! 

8. As I stood looking upon the passing throng,^^ I 
noticed a sorrowful ^^ widow, bound.down ^'^ with the 
bürden of grief ^' for the loss of an affectionate ^^ hus- 
band ; but I saw that her children stepped forward ^^ 
to aid ^° and comfort ^^ her ; and their kindness, after 
a while, so much lightened the bürden, that she not 
only went ou her way with cLeerfulness,^^ but more 
than repaid ^^ their help by the future assistance which 
she gaye to them. 

9. I next ^^ saw a poor old man tottering ^^ under a 
bürden so heayy, that it seemed eyery moment as if he 
must sink under it. I peeped ^^ into his pack, and saw 
it was made up ^' of many sad ^^ articles ; there were 
poyerty, sickness, debt ; ^^ and what made by far '^'^ the 



Xa^ Gigcnfc^aftt^irorL 143 

heaviest part, tlie unkindness ^^ of unclutiful '^^ cbil- 
dren. 

10. I was wondering ^^ liow he got along at all,*^* tili 
my eye feil upon liis wife, a kind, meek/^ Christian 
woman, who was doing her utmost *^^ to assist him. I 
noticed that she quietly went behind him, and gently '^' 
putting her hand to the bürden, carried much "^^ the 
larger portion of it. The benefit ^^ seemed to be all the 
greater,'*^ that she tried to conceal '^ from him the aid 
which she had rendered.'^ 

11. And she not only sustained '^ liim by her 
strength,'^ but cheered '' him by her counsels.'^ In 
Short, she so suj)ported his fainting'' spirit that he 
was enabled '^ to " ran with patience the race ''^ that 
was set before him." 

12. An infirm ^° bhnd woman was creeping forward 
with a very heavy bürden in which were packed sick- 
ness and want,^^ with many more of those materials 
which make np the sum of hnman^^ misery.^^ She 
was so weak that she would not have got along at all, 
had it not been for the kind assistance of another 
woman almost as poor, and ahnost as heavily burdened 
as herseif. 

13. This friend had, indeed, little or nothing to give ; 
bnt her voice of kinclness and encoiu^agement was a 
balm ^^ to the soul of the weary one. Then I saw how 
much good an affectionate look and kind word can do. 
And I Said to myself, " T^Tien we know that some 
human being^^ cares for us,^^ how much it lightens the 
burdens of life !" 



* antrat, ^ ^ fcejle'^cn 'Ratten (Begegnete), ^ fd^n?er (traurig), ^ 9)rüfungen, 
5 Slngft, ° Stlteröjhjfen, '' ßebenölagen, ^cber rid)ttger, ^ etnfc^Iugen, ^°füf*rten, 
" ^autfarl»e, ^^ 3;emperament, ^^ j^infKf t, ^^ Üiücfen, ^^ gezwungen, ^^ ßail 
(mt)fal), i'benÄopf oben ju Balten, ^^aud 2nuleib mit, ^^ »crgefefien, 2osKit. 
tel, 21 ßrleicBterung, 22 ^^^ t^j^ Slugen SIITer, ^3 (gtner trage bea 2(nbern 2a)l, 
24 ©eficBt, 25 jueiter eilten, 2« o^ne an^u^alten, 2^ (^ahtn feBr »enig Slc^t, ^^ ^atf), 
23 be^og c^ feiten auf fi*, '° bafiinwanf ten, ^' müBfant, ^^foxt^uiommzn, ^o1)nt 
nur ju mürbigen (werfen), ^ \iä^ aBJ^Iagte, ^^ eigentBümlic^, ^® (£ntbe(Jung, 
'^ X^or^eit, ^^ feI6rtfiid)tig, ^^ beoBac!)tete, ^'^ fo angeorbnet, ^^ erleichtern, 
*2 3:^at, ^3 »erfeßlte, ^^ baö »orüBerge^enbe ©cbrcinge, "^^ Icibtragcnb, ^^ niebcr^» 



144 Scl)rbud) ter englifc^en ®prad)c* 

geBeuc^t, ^^ Plummer, ^- Uc^cijoII, ^^ »ortraten, ^° 'helfen, ^' tre|lcn, ^'■^ ^eiter=' 
feit, "n>ieber»crv3alt, ^barauf, ^" wanfenb, ^"^ icf) t^at einen »erfto^lenen 33li(f, 
" kftanb auc^, '""^ traurig, ^^ 3d)ulben, "^ bei 2Beitcm, ^^ i^icblcfigfeit, ^^ )jflic^t^ 
»ergeffen, *^^ xd) wunberte mld), ^-^ übert)aupt, "^^ fanftmüthig, **'^ i()r 9)^ögli*rte^, 
^^ leife, *^^ bei incitem, "^^ äöobübat, "'^ um fo »iel größer, "'^ ^u verbergen, '^ ge^ 
leiftet l)atte, '^ f)iclt aufred)t, '•' Äraft, '^ I)eitcrte auf, "''' 3f{atbfd)(äge, "''' ermat^ 
tet, '* in bcn Staub gefegt, '^ Sauf, ^^ fdjn^ac^, *'' SJJangel, ^2 ntcnf(^li(^, 
83 eienb, " 58alfam, ^^ Söefer, ^^ \xä) um un5 fümmert. 



THE VALLEY OF TEARS. (3d}lug.) 

1. Bufc to retum^ to tbis kind neighbor. She liad a 
little book in her band, tlie leaves of which " were much 
worn ^ by use ; and when she saw the blind woman 
ready to faint/ she wonld read to her a few words out 
of this book such as the following : " Blessed are the 
poor in spirit,^ for theirs is the kingdom of heaven." ^ 
" Blessed are they that mourn/ for they shall be com- 
forted." " I will never leaye thee, nor forsake ^ thee." 

2. These words quickened ^ the pace ^^ and sustained 
the spirits " of the blind pilgrim ; and the kind neigh- 
bor, by thus directing ^^ the attention of the poor suf- 
ferer ^^ to the blessings ^^ of a bette}' world, did more 
to enable her to bear the infirmities ^^ of this, than if 
she had bestowed ^° upon her any amount ^' of worldly 
wealth.^^ 

3. I saw a pious ^^ minister ^*^ toihng sadly along 
under the weight of a distressed ^^ parish,^'^ whose 
worldly wants*^^ sorely troubled ^^ him, when a chari- 
table ^ man came forward, and took all the sick and 
hungry on liis otvn Shoulders, as his part of the load. 
The two, then, were able to bear the weight of a whole 
parish ; though singly,'*^ either of them '' must have 
sunk under the attempt.-^ It was always pleasant to 
see the poor pilgrims sharing ^^ one another's burdens ; 
but it troul^led nie greatly to observe, that of all the 
laws ^^^ of the valley, there was not one more frequently 
broken than the laiv of kindness. 

4. I noticed, also, that those pilgrims who were the 



2)a$ Gigenfc^aft^ttjori» 145 

most impatient under tlieir burdens, only made them 
the heavier ; ^^ biit what surprised ^^ me most was to 
leam,^^ that tlie hea^dest of the load wLich each bore 
was a certain iniif^r ^laclxet, Yv'liicli most of the travelers 
took pains ^^ to conceal, and which thej never com- 
plained ^'' of. 

5. In spite of ^° all their caution/' howeyer, I con- 
trived ^^ to get a peep ^^ at this secret ^^ packet. I found 
that in all it had the same label/^ and that the word 
Sin ^^ was written on it, and in ink so black that they 
could not wash it out. But what seemed to me very 
stränge was, that most of them tried not to get rid 
of ^^ the load, but the lahd 1 and that those whose secret 
packet was the largest, most stoutly^^ denied "^^ that 
they had any such article ! 

6. There were some, however, who labored hard ^° to 
get rid of the contents ^' of this inward ^^ packet ; and 
they always found that, as it shrunk^'^ in size, the 
lighter was the other part of their bürden also. More- 
over,^^ I observed that, with such, the traces ^^ on the 
label grew fainter ^^ and fainter, although the odious ^^ 
word was never wholly effaced.^^ 

7. Then methought I heard a voice, as if it had 
been the voice of an angel, saying : " Ye unhappy pil- 
grims, why are ye troubled about the bürden which ye 
are doomed ^^ to bear through this Valley of tears ? 
Know ye not, that if ye remove ^'^ the secret load of 
sin which so oppress. s ^' you, the whole bürden wiU 
finally ^^ drop off '? '^'^ 

8. " Learn, then, and do the whole -^-ill of the lord of 
the Valley. Let faith ^^ and hope cheer " you. The 
pilgrimage, though it seem long to weary travelers, will 
soon be ended ; and beyond,^^ there is a land of ever- 
lasting rest,^" where ye shall hunger no more, neither 
thirst any more ; where ye shall be led beside living 
fountains of waters, and all tears shall be wiped away 
from your eyes," 



146 ^ci^xhid) rcr englifcljen (Sprad)e. 

" Bear je one another's burdens ; 
Bear, ye strong, with weakness, 
Youth. witli age, and age with youth ; 
Bear ye, all, in meekness.^ 

Bear ye one another's burdens ; 
• Joyful liearts %yith sadness — 
Anxious ones "«ith cbeerful hope, 
Mourning ones vrith gladness." *'^ 

Haitnah More. 



* aBer um ^urücf^ufcmmcn, - beffen Slattcr, ^ a{*gcnui;t, ^ na^e baran Mn^ 
Hufinfen, ^ feltg fmb bie axmti ©eijieö fmb, ^ ^^immelreic^, '^ßcib tragen, ^5?er= 
fäumen, ^ befvrleuntgten (belebten), ^° Sd)ritt, ^^ rtd^teten auf bie ßebenögcijler, 
^2 baburii, bai fie auf biefe Sßeife ricbtctc, ^^ ßcibenbe, ^^ vgegnungen, 
i5@ebrecba*feücn, ^'-^ gefc^cnft, ^' Summe, i'fReid^t^um, ^^frcmm, -° ^rebiger, 
21 arm, 22 g)farrgemeinbe, "^^ ^eitlic^e SSebürfniffe, ^ febr siel Kummer machten, 
s^milbt^ätiger, s^einjei^, ^^ ^et^er scn Seiben, ^^fStx^ui), ^n^ieilenb, ^oQefe^e, 
31 um fo 'Cid fd^wcrer, ^i j^unberte, ^s ^u erfahren, ^4 j,c5 sji^'ü^e gabett, ^ be^ 
fragten, ''^ trc^, -' iöcrücfet, s« i^^ ^ra*te eö fertig, s^ Slicf, ^o gektm, ^^ Sluf-- 
fd)rift (Gticiuette), ^^ eünbc, ^s ica^tDcrben, ^ am :^artnä(figflen, ' ^^ leugneten, 
•^^ fid) tiele aHübc gaben, '^'Sn^alt, -^^ ijcrbrrgen, ^^ ^ufammenfcbrumtfte, ^^'übcr* 
bieö, ^1 ©cbriftjüge, ^^ }T_"»urben fd^ivacbcr, S"bä§Iid^, ^auvaclöf*t, ^''^öerurtbeilt, 
56 entfernt, ^t brücf t, ^s am Gnbc, ^^ abfalTcn, «« ©laube, ^«^ ermut^igen, «^ jcn^ 
feiiö, 63 e^igc 0jy^(.^ 64 ^auftmutb, ^s greubigfcit. 



£catioii XX. 

Sfitcben^attcu : to loait for, to ivait lipon, what is the 
matter ? to take a ivalk, to take care, afraid of, to pari 
tcitJi. 



do you mean ? meinen (2ic ? question, %vaQt. [fcbenft ? 

silk, feilen. did you give, ^at*en 3ie ge^ 

they are my mother's, [te ge? best, am beften. 

Bren meiner SJJutter. the eider, ter ältere. 

Tvhom did you ask ? an n?en did — kick, ^nt — gefd^Iagen. 

richteten Sie ? lesson, 2e!tion. 



graßcntc 3ümi3rtcr unb ^(Oüciincn. 



147 



are we to study, fcücn trir ler- 
nen ? 

wliat day of thc montli is 
it ? ten n?iei^ielten I>i(^cn mir ? 

pea, Grtfe, 

brother-in-law, Sd^maßcr. 

did lie enter, tarn er I)ercin ? 

by tliat, tamit. 

has done, hat angerichtet. 

mischief, Unfuci. 

patterns, 9J^ufter. 

to select, au^tt?at)(en. 

wiiom did lie refer to ? Iren 
meinte er? 

•wliat are you tliinking of? 
ircran tenfcn <Bk ? 

is knocking, Üopft. 

dressmaker, ,^(eirermad^crin» 

folly, Sbor^eit. 

to act, ^anteln» 

to observe, kmerten. 

velvet cloak, ©ammetmantel. 

bonnet, Äut» 

to wear, tragen* 



people, Scute. 

to take breakfast, frübftücfen. 

Low do you do ? jric befinden 

eie fict) ? 
and how do you ? uni: Sie ? 
top, greife!. 

to wait for, irarten au\, 
to take a walk, einen (Bpa^ier^ 

gang ntad^en» 
wliat is the matter? n?a0 
serious, crnftlic^» [gieBt'ö ? 
accident, UnfaÜ. 
to cross, überfc^rciten» 
to happen, fi^ ereignen, 
what is the matter witb you ? 

tuaö fei)(t tir ? 
pale, Ha§» 

to take care of, in 5lctt nehmen, 
to recover, trierererlangen» 
to wait upon, anfn?arten. 
to be afraid of, knge fein ^cr. 
to part witb, ^(bfctnej nehmen 

t^cn. 
to take place, jlattftnren» 



ttcüunggs^tufgaüc 1. 

Wbo has Seen my umbrella? Which one do you 
mean? I mean my silk umbrella. T\Tiose apples 
are these? They are my mother's. "WTiom did you 
ask this question ? To whom did you give your car- 
riage? Which of these two birds sings best, and 
which is the older of the two ? What did you say ? 
I Said nothing. "Wliom did the horse kick? He 
kicked a little girl. "What lesson are we to study? 
What day of the month is it to-day ? It is the twelfth. 
What peas are these? In w^hat street does your 
brother-in-law live? He lives in Eivington Street. 
By what door did he enter ? He entered by the front- 
door. What do you mean by that ? What boy has 



148 ^c^xMd) tcr engltf^en 8prac()e, 

done this mischief? Here are three different pair 
tems ; which of these do jou select ? Whom did he 
refer to ? What are you thinking of ? See who is 
knocking. Whoisthere? A lady. Wbatladj? A 
dressmaker. Wliat a folly to act thus ! What kind 
of cloth do you want ? Do you observe that lady? 
What lady ? That lady with the yelvet cloak. What 
style of bonnet is that she wears ? Where (oter 
whence) do these people come from? They come 
from Europe. Where (oter whither) did he go ? He 
went to the theatre. When shall we take breakfast ? 
At eight. How do you do ? I am well, thank you ; 
and how do you? *^Why do you cry? I have lost 
my top. 

'Whom are you waiting for ? I am waiting for my 
cousin who promised to take a walk with me. I 
am very fond of taking a walk in the Central Park. 
What is the matter? Why do these people run in 
the street ? A httle boy met with a serious accident. 
In crossing the street he was overrun by one of the 
horse-cars. Accidents Uke this often happen. What 
is the matter with you, this moming? You look 
pale. You must take care of your health ; for it is 
more easily lost than recovered. With what can I 
wait upon you ? I am afraid of breaking this news 
to him. What are you afraid of? I am afraid of 
nothing. When did you part with your friend? 
When will the exhibition take place ? It has taken 
place. 

fu($cn, to look for. führen, to take. 

ge^crcn, to belong. n?unrert)ü6)'d>, magnificent. 

befommen, to get. ^toff, stuff, material. 

ernjarten, to expect. Sammct, velvet. 

aufirartcn, to wait upon. 5'^al}maiÜine, sewing-machine. 

freunl(id>, kind. Briefpapier, letter - paper, 

bctürfcn, to need. note-paper. 

gießen, to pour. (B^reibpapier, writing-pa- 

9J^il(^(ju^, milk-pitcher. per. 



gragenbe güwbrter unb ^t^erbien. 149 

linirt, ruled. er l^efömmt mir nic^t, it does 
k3iel)cn, to get. not agree with me. 

Gigarrc, cigar. SSvt^n^ug, train. 

tiuft, directly. abi]cf}cn, to start. 

9laud>tabacf, smoking-tobacco. präcife, precisely. 

UcBmi9§s§lufgaBc 2. 

2Ber f)at meinen $unb gefe^en ? 2öa^ Ifjajl bu ba in bei^ 
ncm_£crbe? 2öen fucl)ft bu? 3c^ fuc^e meinen 53rucei\ 
SBetien 53u^ ift bieö ? ßö gehört min 2Bem l)aft bu bein 
g)ferb öerfauft? 3$^ ^abe eö meinem 9iad)bar »erfauft, 
23ie üiel l)aft bu bafür befommen? 3tt>^if)unbert XoUarö. 
Sßel^en »cn beinen S^^it^^ben emarteft bu I)eute 5lbenb? 
3c^ emarte 2Öil()elm (Sggerö auö 5I(tona- 3Öoi)en foUen mir 
fprec^en ? Söomit fann td) 3i;nen aufwarten ? (Sie ftnb fel;r 
freunblic^, ic^ bebarf nid)tc. Söorin foll id) bie D}^i(d) ^u^ 
gen? ©iege fte in biefen 9i)Ii((^3uf\ ®eld)eö i>cn biefen 
2??äbd)en fann englifd) fpred)en ? keinem i^cn allen fann 
englif^^ fpre^en. SSc^in n^oiim (5ie mtd) füf)ren? 3cl) 
m\l 8ie na^ bem 9)arf füf)ren. 2öa5 für ein aninberl)üb=^ 
fc^eö Eleib biefe Xame trägt! 5(uö tt>a^3 für (Stoff ift bie[e 
Söefte gemalt ? Sie ift auö Sammet gemad)t. S}a^ für 
ein 3nftrument ift biefeö ? Xa^ ift eine 9lä!)mafd)ine, -Dlit 
nja^ für einer gerer fc^reiben (Sie ? 3ci) fd)reibe immer mit 
einer Oojbfeber« 2Ba^ für Rapier tt?ünfd)en (Sie ^,u I)aben? 
3^ ttJÜnfc^e ^Briefpapier unb <S*reibpapier, Iinirte^3 unb un^ 
linirte^. 23o^er be^ieljen Sic 3b^e (Eigarren? 3c^ ht^k^t 
fte bireft au^3 ber ^a^annal), ®arum raud)en Sie nid)t 
3^au(^tabacf ? Gr befömmt mir nicbt. 2öer tt?ei§ ujann ber 
^a^n^ug abge{)t ? (Sr gef)t präcife'um brei Vil)x l^eute 5^ac^^ 
mittag ab. 

ßefefiüif 1. 

A WONDERFUL IXSTRÜMEXT. Gin mcrfjüurbigeö SBerfjcug. 

1. A gentleman, just returned from the citj, was 
surrounded ^ by his children, who were eager ^ to hear 
the news ; ^ and still more eager to see the Contents^ 
of a small portmanteau,^ wliicli were, one by one. 



150 Se^rbud) ter engUfc^en ^pra^c, 

carefuUj unfolded" and displayed to yiew." After 
distributing ^ among them a few presents, the father 
took his seat again, and tlie foUowing conversation 
took place.^ 

2. Father. I liave brouglit from the city, for mj 
own use, something far more curious and yaluable ^^ 
than any of tlie little gifts ^^ whicli you have received. 
It is too good to present to any of you, but I will give 
you a brief ^^ description of it, and then, perliaps, al- 
low you to examine ^^ it. 

3. This small instrument displays^^ the most per- 
fect ingenuity of construction,^^ and the most exqui- 
site ^® beauty of workmanship.^'^ From ^^ its extreme 
delicacy ^^ it is so easily injured ^^ tliat a sort of 
light curtain,^^ adorned^^ with a beautiful fringe,-^ is 
always provided, and so placed as to fall ^^ in a mo- 
ment, on the approach ^^ of the slightest ^^ danger, Its 
extemal ^^ appearance is always more or less beauti- 
ful, although in this respect there is a great yariety 
in the different sorts. 

4. But the internal ^^ construction is the same in 
all, and is, in the highest degree,^^ curious and won- 
derfuL By a slight movement, easily effected^^ by 
the person to whom it belongs, you can ascertain,^^ 
with great aceuracy, ^^ the size, ^" color, shape,^* 
weight, and yalue of any article whatever. A person 
who has one of these instruments, is sayed the trou- 
ble^^ of asking a thousand questions, and of making 
troublesome ^^ experiments, and at the same time, by 
its use, he obtains much more information than he 
could in any other way, 

5. Edward. If they are such yery useful things, I 
wonder that eyerybody that can afford it, does not 
haye one. 

6. Father. They are not so uncommon as you may 
suppose. I know several persons who haye one or 
two of them. 

7. Ediüard. How large is it, father ? Could I hold 
it in my hand ? 



graöenbe gürjtjorter unb ^Tböerbien. 151 

8. Father.^ Tou might ; Ijiit I slioulcl bc verj soitj 
to tmst^^ mine witli you. 

9. Edicard. You ^vill be obligecl to take great care 
of it, tlien. 

10. Fatlier. Indeed, I miist. I intcnd every night 
to inclose ^^ it in tlie small screen^^ of whicli I told you, 
and it must, besides, sometimes be waslied in a certain 
colorless fluid,^*^ kept for tbis pui-pose.^^ But notwitli- 
standing tlie tenderaess •^' of this instrument, it may 
be darted ^"^ to a gi'eat distance, Tvitliout tlie least in- 
jury or any danger of losing it. 

11. Henry, How Ligli can you dart it, fatlier? 

12. Fatlier. I am almost afi*aid to teil you, lest^^ you 
should tliink I am jesting.^^ 

13. Edward, Higlier tban tliis liouse, I su2:)pose ! 

14. Father. Much bigber. 

15. Henry. Tben how do you get it again ? 

16. Father. It is easily cast down^'^ by a gentle 
movement that does it no injury. 

17. Edward. But ^-bo can do tbis ? 

18. Father. The j)erson -^'bose business it is to take 
care of it. 

19. Henry. "Vrell, I cannot understand you at all; 
but do teil US, father, what it is chieÜy ^' used for. 

20. Father. Its uses are so various, that I know not 
which to mention.^^ It is of great Service in decipher- 
ing^^ old manuscripts, and, indeed, bas its use in 
modern prints.^*^ It t\l11 assist us greatly in acquiring^^ 
all kinds of knowledge,^^ and without it some of ihe 
most subhme ^^ parts of creation ^^ would be matter ''^ 
of mere conjecture.^*^ 

21. Edward. Well, teil us sometbing more about it. 

22. Father, It is of a very penetrating ^' quahty, 
and can often discover secrets ^^ which could be de- 
tected ^^ by no other means. It must be confessed,^*^ 
however, that it is equally Kable ^^ to reveal ^'^ them. 

23. Henry. What ! can it speak, tben ? 

24 Father. It is sometimes said to do so ; especially 
if it meets with one of its own species.*^^ 



152 ?el^rl)uc[) ber enölifc^cn (2prad)c» 

25. Edicard. Of what color is it ? 

26. FatJwr. Tliey vary in tliis respect. 

27. Ediuard. Of what color is yours ? 

28. Father, I believe it is of a darkisli ^^ color, but, 
to confess the truth, I never saw it in my life. 

29. Both, Never saw it in your life ? 

30. Father. No, nor do I wisli to see it ; but I Jiave 
Seen a representative ^^ of it, wliicli is so exact that 
my curiosity ^^ is perfectly satisfied." 

31. Edward, But wliy don't you look at the tliing it- 
self? 

32. Father. I sliould be in danger of losing it, if I 
did. 

33. Henry. Then you could buy another. 

34. Father. Nay, I believe that I could not prevail 
on ^^ anybody to part *^^ with such a thing. 

35. Ediuard. Then how did you get this one ? 

38. Father. I am so fortunate to have more than 
one ; but how I got them I really cannot recollect.'^ 

37. Edivard. Not recollect? Why, you said you 
brought them from the city to-night ! 

38. Father. So I did. I should be sorry if I left 
them behind me. 

39. Henry. Teil, father, do teil us the name of this 
wonderful instrument. 

40. Father. It is called — an Eye. 



^umringt, ^tAegicric^, ^ 5?emc(fcitcn, ^Sn'^alt, ^ $Retfctuf*c, ^ auaciitanbcri^c* 

" ®efc^en^^2 f,,^^^ 13 unterfuc^en, '* i^eigt, ^^ bie finnreidjfte Sonflruction, ^^ bie 
auöerlefenfte, ^' in bcr 5tu^füi)run3 (5trbcit), ^^ Wegen, '^ 3art^eit, ^o jjcrlc^t, 
21 SJor^ang, 22 ijerjtert, 23 g-ran^en, 24 <^^^ ^^ f^i^t, 20 1^;^-^ ^eranna^en, ^e ge* 
nns^jl, 2^ äugere, ^s {■^^^^^ 29 {^xa\>, ^^ bewcrfflettigt, ^^ fann man ermitteln, 
32 ®enauicifeit, ^^ ®rö§e, ^^ i^orm, ^s |j| ^^j sjjjütie ükrboben, ^"^ müf)fam, 
37 anvertrauen, ^s einf^Ueien, ^9 ©(^irm, 25or^ang, "^ glüiTtö^cit, ^^ 3we(f, 
^2 3art^eit, ^^ fann eö aefd)Icubert werben, ^ bamit ni*t, "»^ id) f^er^e, •** nie 
bcrgcfcf^iaaen, ''^ ^auptfäc^Itc^, ^^ crwäljnen, ^^ im (Snt'^iffern, ^^ 2:rucffa*cn, 
^' im erwerben, " tenntniffe, ^^ ^errli*, " ©(^ö^jfung, " OJegenilanb, 
^« gjiutbmapung, " burc^brinaenb, ^^ ©e^eimniffe, ^^ crfc^Ioffen, '^^ jugegebcn, 
«1 geneigt, «^2 offenbaren, ^s 5{rt, ^ fc^wärjU(^, «^ ©ilb, «^ g^cugierbe, " bc^ 
fricbigt, «^ sjermögen über, ^^ ftrf) ju trennen, ''^ cnt|innen. 



grageute gürwörter unt» ^Iti^erMen* 153 

Öciepüd 2. 

A SILENT PARTNER. (Sin fliüer dompasnon.) 

1. An Italian marqiiis having invited the gentry^ of 
bis neighborhood to a grand entertainment,^ all tlie 
delicacies" of the season ^ were accordingly provided.^ 
Some of the Company had already arrived, in order to 
pay their early respects ° to his excellency, when the 
major-domo,'' in a hurry, entered the room. 

2. *' My lord," said he, " here is a most wonderful 
fisherman below,^ who has brought one of the finest 
fish, I believe, in Italy ; but then he demands ^ such a 
price for it ! " 

3. " Eegard ^^ not his price," cried the marquis, 
" pay it down directly." 

4. " So I would, please your Highness, but he re- 
fuses to take money." 

5. " Why, what would the fellow have? " 

6. " A hundred strokes ^^ of the strappado ^^ on his 
bare ^^ Shoulders, my lord ; he says he will not bate^^ a 
Single blow." 

7. Here they all run down to have a view ^^ of this 
rarity ^^ of a fisherman. 

8. " A fine fish ! " cried the marquis. 

9. " What is your demand, my friend ? — ^you shall be 
paid on the instant." ^* 

10. " Not a penny, my lord ; I will not take money. 
If you w^ould have my fish, you must order ^^ me a 
hundred lashes^'^ of the strappado upon my naked 
back ; if not, I shall go and apply^*^ elsewhere." 

11. " Kather than lose our fish," said his Highness, 
" let the fellow have his humor.^^ Here," cried he to 
one of his grooms ; ^^ " discharge ^^ this honest man's 
demand ; but be gentle ^^ with thy stripes." 

12. The fisherman then stripped,^^ and the groom 
prepared to put his lord 's Orders in execution.^^ 

13. " Now, my friend," cried the fisherman, "keep 



154 Sel;rbud) ber cnglifc^en (Eprac^e* 

goöd account/ ' I beseeclr^ jou, for I am not covetous'^ 
of a Single stroke bejoncl my due." ^^ 

14 Tliey all stood suspended witli amazement "^ 
Yv^liile tliis Operation was carrjing on.^- At length, on 
the instant "' that tlie executioner had given tlie fif tieth 
lasli, "Hold," cried tlie fisherman, "I liave alreadj 
received my füll share^^ of the j)rice/' 

15. " Your share !" questioned ^^ the marquis, " wliat 
can you mean by tbat? " 

16. " Why, my lord, you must kuovv' I have a part- 
ner in tliis business. My Lonor is engaged ^^ to let 
Lim have lialf of wliatever I should get ; and I fancy"*" 
your Highness -will acknowledge ^^ by and by, that it 
would be a thousand pities ^^ to defraud ^^ him of a 
Single stroke." 

17. " And pray, my friend, rvho is this same partner 
of yours ? '\ 

18. " It is the porter, my lord, who guards '^ the 
outer gate ^'^ of your Highness's palace. He refused 
to admit me ^^ but on ^^ the condition of promising 
him the half of what I should get for my fish." 

19. " O, ho ! " exclaimed the marquis, breaking out 
into a laugh, " by the blessing '^^ of heaven, he shall 
have his demand doubled to him in füll tale." "^^ 

20. Here the porter "w^as sent for, and stripped to 
the skin, when two grooms laid on him, until they ren- 
dered^' him fit ^^ to be sainted ^^ for a second Bartholo- 
mew. The marquis then ordered his major-domo to 
pay the fisherman twenty pounds, and desired him to 
call yearly for the like sum, in recompense ^^ of the 
friendly office ^^ he had rendered him.^^ 



hjartung ju mad^en, "^ ^auömet|ler (Serfüaltcr), ^ britntcn, ^ forbcrt, ^^ jy^^^ 
mere bic^, ^' (Streiche, ^^ (^traDtiabo, '^ Ho^f '•* nad>Iaffen, '^ ft* an^iufekn, 
'•^ ^Rarität, ^'' auf bcr ©tette, ^^ geben laffen, '^ (Streike, ^^ mic^ Binwenben, 
2' Saune, 22 Sßebiente, ^3 entrichte, ^4 gelinbe, -' m fi»^ nacft auö, ^e gtuöfüb^ 
vung, 2^ giec^nung, ^^ Httc, ^^ I)cgterig na*, 20 ^^]^^ ^^i^ j^,if ^nfonimt, 2' flumm 
iJor'^SDerirunberung, ^2 sgcrtauf na^m, ^3 Ofui^enl^Iicf, ^ Slnt^eil, ^^ fragte, 
26 i^crpfänbet, ^^ \^ 5?ermut^e, 23 j^ugcl^cn, ^^ jammerfifiabe, ^0 Betrügen um, 



gracjente gümün-ter nur 5(c^erlncn» 155 

*' kiuac^t, •^- Xficr, -^^mir Butritt ^u geben, ^^vai(?c;enDmmen auf, ^^ (cegnungcn, 
•^^ 3a^I, ^^ niadbtcn, ^^ taugltd), ^^ unter bie ^ciliöcn aufgenommen ju ircrben, 
^•^ (£v[a)>, ^^ Xien|l, " tcn er i^m gelciilet t)am. 



ßcfcftütf 3, 

IIOW TO ÜSE THE AL^^IAXAC. 

(Bie man ben Äalenber gekaudicn fott.) 

1. About one liunclrecl years sinco there lived in 
England a celebrated almanac-maker, named Part- 
ridge. One day, wliile traveling on horseback,^ he 
stopped for bis dinner at a countiy inn,^ and after- 
wards called for bis borse, tbat be migbt reacb tbe 
next town, wbere be intended to sleep. 

2. " If you will take my advice,^ sir," said tbe bos- 
tler/ as be was abont to mount ^ ]]is borse, " you will 
stay wbere you are for tbe nigbt, as you will surely be 
overtaken^ by a pelting ' rain." 

3. "Nonsense, nonsense," exclaimed tbe almanac- 
maker ; " tbere is a sixpence for j'ou, my bonest fellow, 
and good affcernoon to you." 

4. He proceeded on^ bis journey,^ and, sure enougb,^^ 
be was well drencbed ^^ in a beavy sbower. Partridge 
was Struck ^^ by tbe man's prediction,^^ and being al- 
ways intent ^^ on tbe interest of bis almanac, be rode 
back on tbe instant, and was received by tbe bostler 
witb a broad grin.^^ 

5. " Well, sir, you see I was rigbt after all." ^^ 

6. " Yes, my lad/' you bave been so, and bere is a 
crown for you ; but I give it to you on condition tbat 
you teil me bow you knew of tbis rain." 

7. '*To be sure, sir," replied tbe man; "wby, tbe 
trutb is, we bave an almanac at our bouse, called 
' Partridge's Almanac,' and tbe fellow is sucb a noto- 
rious ^^ liar, tbat, wbenever be promises us a fine day, 
we always know tbat it will be just tbe contrary.^'-^ 
Now, your bonor, tbis day, tbe 2ist of June, is put 
down in our almanac as ' settled ^^ fine weatber, no 



156 Se^rbuc^ ter engüf^en ^prac^e. 

rain.' I looked at tliat before I brouglit your lionor's 
liorse out, and so was enabled ~^ to ]}ut you on your 
guard." '■' 



' j^rbmenb, •* fe^te fort, * 9ieifc, ^° richtig genug, ^^ bi<5 auf bie ^aut fcurdraciBtf 
'2 überrafc^t, ^^ ÜJorBerfagung, ^* barauf au^, ^^ mit gutmüt^igem ©reinen, 
^^ am (Enbe bcd), i' Surfte, ^^ Berüchtigt, '» ba^ ©egentbeil, 20 t^eiläntig, 
21 in ben ®tanb gefegt, 22 (gie ju t^arnen, auf S^rcr §ut ju [ein. 



Ccfitiou XXI. 

'^cbcn^dttcn x tohe deUgJded luitJi, to he about to, to 
mind, to he Struck, to he engaged, to turn out, to enter 
into, to caU lipon, to get rid of. 



23ß3rtcr^S>cr3ci(^ni§, 



have arrived, finb angcfommen» world, ©elt 

book-store, S3u6l)ant(ung. broad, ircit. 

ouglit, [oüten. field of battle, 36(a(^tfelb, 
to b9 respected, rcfpcMrt n?er^ hero, ^el^. 

teit. strife, Äampf. 

bonnet, §ut. miner, ^Ber^mann. 

to read, lefett» life, i*e6cn, 

Window, ^enftcr, liardship, iÜ^ü^fal, 

bed-room, (Sd^lar'simmer» sailor, 5Katrofe. 

small, üeiit. rim, ^ant. 

handle, ®rift» narrow, fd^ma(. 

ivory, ßlfenbein. crown, ^opf, 

dunce, Xummfopf. bigh, boc^. 

at home, ju Jpaufe. you will get, (Sie kfommen. 



Der $offcjytu^C£afuo. 



157 



at my hatter's, hi meinem 

Jputmacber. 
to take supper, gu %hn^ 

ejyett. 
amiable, lic^eniiijurMg» 
officer, Dfftjier» 



courage. 



mutb. 



to arrest, I^alten auf. 

üight, %{uä>t 

I want to buy, {(^ tuünfc^e gu 

faufen, 
cabinet-maker, Zi\6>itx* 
tool, ^^erf^eug. 
to die, fterben. 
miser, ©eigbalc. 
death, Sot. 
last, öorig. 

magnificent, pra^tig. 
was taken prisoner, i)?urte 

gefangen genommen, 
military power, ^riege^mad^t. 
unrivaled, o^ne ©leid^en. 
sumamed, mit tem ^nnamcn, 
to lay, legen, 
foundation, Orunb. 
present, gegcnirartig. 
Capital, ^auptftatt. 
navy, §jotte. 
pride, (c^tolg. 



to be about to, im 33cgriff fein. 
I wouder, id) mödte n?i[fen. 
what this feUow is about, 

ira5 riefer Surfd^e i^or hat. 
to mind, fid) fümmern um — , 

folgen, teufen an. 
to play a trick, einen Streid) 

fpielen, 
a sound tlirasliing, eine tnö>^ 

tige Jradjt ^rügel. 
it strikes me, es !ommt mir 

ijor. 
W9 were Struck with, irir n?a^ 

reu erftaunt ü(*cr. 
to be engaged to be man-ied, 

ijerlobt fein. 
to tum out, hinaufwerfen, 
to enter into conversation, 

eine Unterf)altung anfangen, 
disengaged, unbefd^dftigt. 
to call on oter upon, bt\viö>m, 

i^orfpred^en bei. 
to ring the bell, f{^ eilen. 
to manage, fertig bringen, re^ 

gieren, 
troublesome, läftig. 
to be delighted witb, entgücft 

fein i?on. 
to congratulate, gratuliren» 



UeBungSs^tufga^e 1. 

My fatber's friends have arrived. D. Appleton & 
Co.'s bookstore is in Broadway. John's book is old. 
An old man's words ought to be respected. "WTiere is 
Mary's bonnet? Have you read Charles Dickens's 
works ? Tlie windows of our bedroom are very small. 
The handle of this knife is of ivory. Thomas's brother 
is ^ a dunce. These boys' father is not at home. In 
this world's broad field of battle, be a hero in the 



158 ^el)i6ud) ber cnölif^en (Spraye. 

strife. A miner's life is füll of liardship. So is a 
sailor's and a soldier's. The rim of this hat is too 
narrow, and the crown too high. You will get a better 
and cheaper hat at my hatter's. "Will you take supper 
■with me at my friend's the captain's. He is one of the 
most amiable of men. The officer's courage arrested 
his soldier's flight. I want to buy some cabinet-maker's 
tools. He died a miser's death. Last Monday's pro- 
cession was magnificent. The emperor of the French 
was taken prisoner after the battle of Sedan. Ger- 
many's mifitary power is iinrivaled. Frederic the 
Second, sumamed the Great, laid the foundation to 
Prussia's present greatness. Paris is the capital of 
France. England's navy is England's pride. We 
were abont to leavo for Albany when it began to rain. 
I wonder vvhat this fellow is about. Everybody shonld 
mind his own business. You must mind what I say. 
George, if you j)lay this trick again, mind me, I shall 
take a stick and give you a sound thrashing. It 
strikes me that I have seen you before. We were 
much Struck with the beauty of the scenery. Do you 
know that Fred is engaged to be married ? If you are 
not quiet, I shall turn you out of the room. "When we 
shall have finished this lesson, we may commence to 
enter into conversation. I am disengaged after six, 
and shall be yery happy if you will call upon me after 
that hour. When I callecl on him this moming, he 
had left. I rang the bell three times before the cloor 
was opened. Did you ring the bell ? I did. Eing 
harder. I managed to get rid of this troublesome 
Tisitor. Do you think you can manage a boat in a 
storm ? I am delighted with these flowers. Allow me 
to congratulate you on your happy arrival to this 
country. 

gcrriffen, torn. (^anj, quite. 

©Äürjc, apron. fc^mu^ig, du'ty, soiled. 



Xix fo\\t\\vy^(ia\ih^, 159 

r):^]\cn 3dnilt ift ti ? Tiliose ^[v]t, pliysician. 

fault is it ? JOcl^nung, residence. 

fennft in ? do you linow ? ^^rmce, aiTQy. 

Gltent, parents. :^nnlc|]ert, to put. 

Saren, störe. ilronprin^, crown-prince. 

Sht^e, rest. S}cr!, work. 

3^ot, deatli. fid} üorkrciteit auf, to prepare 
^atcr, strife. for. 

<2d}iDaaer, brotlier-in-Iaw. 3I>interfcIr3Ug, "winter cam- 
^latt, leaf. paign. 



3o^anne0' 9lcc! ifJ^^crniTen,^!!^ Si^arienö (5c^ür^e ift gan*, 
fdjmu^ic;. 5Bei|cn ^(^u(b ift tC\ ta§ irir ju fpät gefornmcn 
jtnb?' Xa^$ ift teineö ^ruterö (2^ulb» ^emift ^tit biefev 
hinter (ritcrn ? 3ci) fenne nur i^ren S3atcn 3n tiefem 
^aceu^annft tu ^erren^ unb .^nabenfleibcr faufen, 5(tam^3 
erfter ^c^laf n?ar feine ie^te ^uIk Xc^5 9}?enfd)en Seben ift 
fuv^, unb ber Xob mad)t ein (Snbc a(Ie^ .pabcrö. ?3ieinei3 
8d)irac^erö ®efd)aft ift in ber untern ^tabt_» Xk Blätter 
biefe^3 ^ud)c^ ftnb alle fd)mu^ig* Xieö 9i)^ei|er gebort bem 
(Boi)nt meineö D^a^bvir^^. Xie SM)ne unfere^5 5(r'^tco ftnb 
febr fleißig* Xk 33o()nung beo ^^rafibenten ber bereinigten 
(Staaten i)d^t ta^5 SBei^e ^5au^3. 3}eutfcb(anbö 5(rmeen "fi""^ 
bie beften in ber ^cit. 3:^eobcr$ 3>ater ift ein ilaufmann; 
er ift ber trüber meinc^5 53atero* 3I>o baft bu bie 53üder 
beiner trüber I)tngelegt ? Äaifer 3;Cn(I)eimt> ältefter (Bohn ift 
ber Äronprin^ i)cn 5>reugen ; feine grau ift bie XodUer ber 
Königin 's^on (Englanb» ^abm (Eie (Sf)afefpeareö unb 2DaI^ 
ter Scotts 5Berfe gelefen ? ^ic eolbaten bereiteten ftd) i^cr 
auf einen SBinterfelb^ug in granfrcid)» 



Scfcftii^ 1* 

OUT OF THE WAY. (OTua bem Bc^t.) 

1. " Old Mr. Woi-thy," ^ as lie was calledr tad 
worked^ at his trade of watclimaker/ until he was 



160 ?ef;rbucl) ter cugüfdjcu 2prad)c. 

able ^ to retire ^ from business on " a \erj snug ^ little 
fortune.^ So ^^ he bouglit a pretty little liouse in the 
OTitskirts ^^ of the town, \^itli a garden füll of flowers, 
and a fountain ^~ in the middle ^^ of the garden, and 
then he enjoyed^^ himself Tery much. 

2. His wife enjoyed herseif, too ; but neyer so much 
as when the neighbors, as they passed by, peeped ^^ 
over the fence,^*^ and said, " What a pretty place ! 
"WTiat lucky^' people the watchmaker and his wife are! 
How they mnst enjoy themselves !" 

3. On '^such occasions ^^ Master Frank, their only ^^ 
son, -svould be sure to hear ^^ what the neighbors said ; 
and when they Tvere gone ^^ he T\'ould exclaim,-^-^ " Isn't 
it grand,'-' mother, that everybody should think that ?" 
*'It is, my son," his mother would reply;^^ but old 
Mr. Worthy would shake ^^ his head, and say to his 
wife, "You are fiUing^^ that boy's head with non- 
sense. ^' 

4. Kow, Frank's mother thought^^ her son remark- 
ably ^^ smart ; ^^ and when she thought his education^^ 
was complete, she requested ^^ Mr. Worthy to dismiss^^^ 
all Frank's teachers, give him a handsome^^ sum of 
money, and let him go off^^ to see theworld^^ and 
make liis fortune.^' 

5. The old gentleman shook his head at first, and 
called it all sheer ^^ foUy.^^ Moreover,^" he declared,^^ 
that Master Frank was ^"' a mere^^ child yet, and 
would get ^^ into a hundred foolish scrapes ^^ in less ^^ 
than a week;^' but mamma expressed ^^ her opinion 
so positively,^^ and rej)eated "^ it so of ten, that at last 
papa began to entertain ^^ it too, and gave his con- 
sent ^^ to the plan. 

6. When Frank was about ^^ to leaxe home, with his 
pockets füll of money, his mother took him privately^^ 
aside," to give him some parting advice.^*^ " Your 
education," said she, " is now finished.^* You can play 
on the piano, and dance, and sing, and talk before 
anybody, and make yourself noticed"^^ whereyer you 
go* Now mind ^'-^ that you clo make yourself noticed,^^ 



Xtx 5)offeffivvGafu$. 161 

or tvJio is to find out your merits ? °^ Don't be sliy ^- 
and downcast ^^ when you come among strangers.^* 
All you liave to tliink about,^^ with 7joiir advantages,^^ 
is to put youi'seK forward," and make yourseK agree- 
able." '' 

7. But Frank's father, knowing notliing of the les- 
son ^"^ "wbich the Tain ''^ motber bad just given bim, 
also took bim aside, and spoke to bim as foUows : '^ 
" Now, my dear boy, before you go, let me give you 
one Word of parting advice. We bave all made too 
mucb of you,'^ and praised ''■^ wbatever you bave done ; 
and you bave been a sort of idol '^ and wonder ^^ among 
US. But now tbat you are going'^ among strangers, you 
will find yourself Mr. Nobody ; ' *" and you must be con- 
tented '^ to he Mr. Nobody at first. 

8. " Keep yourself in tbe background ''^ tili people 
bave found out your merits for tbemselves, and 7iever 
get in anyhodys icay,^^ Just keep out of tbe way.^^ 
It's tbe secret of life^^ for a young man. Wby,^^ 
Frank, bow impatient ^^ you are! Now, mark^^ my 
words. All you bave to attend to,^''' witb Tjov.r ad- 
vantages, is to keep out of the icay.'' 

9. Frank had listened ^' to bis fatber's advice very 
impatiently. As be passed out,^^ bis motber called to 
bim,s3 a i^emember ^^ wbat I've said." " Trust me," ^^ 
was Frank's reply.^^ Tbe driver ^^ was ealling, so be 
walked off to tbe stage-coacb.^^ He was just in time ; ^^ 
but a sudden ^^ tbougbt Struck bim,^^ . tbat it would be 
well for tbe driver and passen gers °^ to know ^^ bow 
well educated be bad been. 

10. So, wbile be stood leisurely '^^^ pulbng on ^^^ bis 
kid gloves,^^^ be began to talk about tbe country ; and 
as tbere were two roads '^^^ leading to tbe next village, 
be tbougbt it well to advise tbe chiver wbicb to take. 
" Jump in,^*^^ Jump in," called out tbe driver. " Cer- 
tainly not tili ^^'^ I've made you imderstand ^" wbat I 
mean," said Master Frank, quite pompously.^^^ 

11. But tben, crack w^ent tbe wbip,^^'* tbe borses 
made a start ^^^ forward, and tbe fi'ont-wbeel ^^^ passed 



162 Se^rht^ bcr cn3lifd)en 8pvad)c» 

over tlie tip ^^^ of Master Frank's boot. It miglit have 
been ^orse ; but Frank called out, verj angrilj,^^^ 
about " disgraceful carelessness," ^^^ on ■\^'hich the 
driver cracked liis wliip again, and sliouted/^^ " Gentle- 
men tliat won't keep out of the way ^^^ must expect to 
have their toes ^^'^ trodden on." Everybody laughed 
at this, and Frank was obliged ^^^ to spring hastilj in- 
side/^^ or he would have been left behind. 

^ Siebermann, ^ genannt irurbc, ^ 0carl)eitct, ^ Uf)rma(f)erf)anbtucrf, ^ Vhi er 
im ©tanbe war, "^ fi^ prücfjUjie^en, "' mit, >= l}VLbicb, ^ 53ermögen, ^^ ^aljir, 
11 Umgebungen, ^^ «Springbrunnen, ^^ ^Tüm, ^■^ geno^ er bad 2d\n, ^^ lugten, 
1^ Ginfriebiguni^, ^' glücflicb, ^^ bei fcicben ©cleoen^citen, ^^ ein5i3er, ^o l^jt^ 
geiri^ immer, ^i ^-^rt, ^- rief er allemal au5, "^ {^errlicb, ^^ anttx>crtete bann 
ftet^, " fc^üttelte, '^'' bu füllft — an, ^7 Unftnn, ^s ^ieU — für, ^3 g^nj befcnber^, 
33gcfi^cut, »1 ©r^ie^ung, ^^ i,at, 33 .y ej^^^^f,-.!^^ s^nibfi); ^sf^rtge^en, se^Bclt, 
37 ©lücf, 33 fixier, 39 2:^ür^eit, ^o übcrbicÄ, 4' crflärtc, -^ fei, ^^ nur, « gc^ 
ratzen, ^' iöcrlegen^eiten, ^" weniger, ^' SBoc^e, ^^ brücfte au^, ^^ beflimmt, 
^0 lxncbert>ültc, ^^ ju ^egen, ^^ Bufiimmung, ^-^ im Segriff, '^^ in^ge:^eim, '"'^ bei 
(Seite, ^^'ötat^ ;ium 5Ibfd)icb, " beenbigt, ^^ bemerfbar, ^^ forge bafür, ^^ ba§ 
bu bid) aud} n^irfüd) bemerfbar mad)tl, " SScr^üge, ^- fdmc^tcrn, '^^ »erlegen, 
*^*0*re'nbc, ^^ 5llle(3 n^oran bu ju benfen ^a|l, ^'^ SJor'^üge, '^' ift Hä) »crjubrän= 
gen, "^^ angenefim, ^^ Seftion, 'Beitel, '^ n?ie folgt, '- au^3 bir, '^ gelobt, '^eine 
2(rt 5tbgott, " 33unberfinb, '^»o Duim S3c3rirT^te^^fl juöc^>en, '" §err 9?iemanb, 
" aufrieben, " fei jurücf^altenb, ^"^ brdnge bid) 9^iemanb auf, ^^ fei ijielme^r ju^ 
rüdE(}altenb, ^'^öe^eimnip bea Sebcnev ^^ci! ^ungebulbig, ^^gebenfean, ^'^5llle3 
worauf bu '5U ad}ten ^ajl, ^' anaebört, ^^ aU er f*inauöaing, " rief— ibm ju, 
93 benfe baran, «^ feine Sorge! ^^^sintwort, ^^j^utfcber, ^^ ^oftfutfd^e, ^^ er fam 
gervtbe ^u rcditer 3cit' ^^plbi'lid>, 9' fam ibm bcr ©ebanfe in benSinn, ^^9)a)ja^ 
giere, ^'•^ ;u crfal)ren, ^^'^ gemäcblicb, 1°' amiebenb, '*'- ©laceebanbfcbube, ^o^SBcgc, 
''-'i eingeftiegen ! '°^ ebe, ^^^ itt 3bnen flar aemadu ^abc, 1^' wid)tigtl)ucrifd>, i°- bie 
9)citfd)e fnallte, ^^^ 3^^,^ 110 ä>crberrab,^ ^i' Spi^c, "- f*rie fc|>r ungcbalten, 
^'3 abfc^eulic^c ^Zac^läffigfcit, ^^^laut rief, ^'^ bic nic^t au5 bem äDcjjc geben, 
ii^3cl;cn, ^i" gejipungen, ^'^ hinein, 

ßcjcftüjf 2. 

OUT OF THE WAY. (i^ortfe^ung.) 

1. After his arrival ^ at the great hotel of the city, 
he found that there was to be ~ a public ^ dinner there 
that evening, which everybody might attend^ who 
chose^ to pay for it.*^ So he dressed himself* in his 
neatest suit,^ and whcn the time arrived,^ strode ^"^ 
IDompously into the large dining-hall,^^ where was a 
long table, set out ^^ vrith plates,^^ and fast filling ^* 



Xer $ciTeiTit^^(Iafuö, 163 

with people, not one of wliom ^^ lie knew.^*^ He feit a 
little confused^' at first, biit recalling^^ bis motlier's 
advice, he repeated" to liimself her parting words, 
and took courage.-''^ 

2. He had certainlj forgotten ^^ the text,^^ " "When 
thou art bidden, go and sit do^Ti in the lowest room ;" ^^ 
for, passing by ~^ the loicer ^^ end of the table, where 
were several "^^ unoccupied^^ places, he walked boldly^^ 
forward to the iipper ^'^ end, where groiips ^'^ of peoplo 
were already seated,^^ talking"^ and laughing together. 
Observing ^^ an iinoccupied seat ^^ next ^^ to a well- 
dressed young lady, " ^Tiy, this is the very thing," ^^ 
thonght he to himself. There was a card ^ ' it is true,^^ 
in the plate opposite^^ the yacant^*^ seat; but " what 
of that?"^^ thought he, "first come, first served,'^^ I 
suppose." '^^ 

3. So, sitting doT^-n, and thinking of his mother's 
advice to "put himself forward," he bowed^^ and 
smiled ^^ to the young lady ; but the next instant ^^ he 
was tapped '^^ on the Shoulder ^^ by the waiter,^^ who, 
pointing^*^ to the card in the plate, said in a low voice," 
" This place is engaged,^^ sir !" 

4. " Oh, if that is all," said Frank, speaking quite 
loud, " here's another to match ;" ^^ on which ''^ he 
drew^'' one of his ovno. cards from his pocket, and 
threw ^^ it into the plate. ^^The plac^i is e/igaged, sir /" 
repeated the waiter, in a louder voice ; ^' but Frank 
showed ^^ no disposition ^^ to abandon ''^ his seat ; and 
as he had aheady attracted ^^ the attention ^^ of the 
whole table, '^^ there was a gener al cry ^^ of " Tum him 
out !" '' 

5. " Turn me out!" ^^'^ shouted Frank, jumping up ;^^ 
but at that moment a voice ^^ behind ^^ him called out, 
a hand laying hold of him by the Shoulders '^ at the 
same time, " Young man, I'll trouble you '^ to get out 
of my chair ; and gut of my way; and to KEEP 
OUT OF MY WAY !" '^^ 

6. Frank found himself '^ half way down the room 
before he knew what was happening ; '^ for, after the 



164 Se!)rbu^ tcr englifc!)en «Sprache. 

gentleman had let go of liim, '^ the waiter seized '"^ liim 
and bustled ' ' him along. '^ There was no longer any 
room '•' for him at the lower end of the table ; but he 
at length found a seat at a side-table ^^ in a comer,^^ 
at which sat^^ two men in foreign dress^^ not one 
•word of whose language ^^ he could nnderstand. 

7. His first unlucky adventure ^^ had sobered '*^ him 
a httle ; but presentlj,^' with his mother's advice run- 
ning in his head,^^ he resolved^^ to make another at- 
tempt^^ to " put himself forward," ^^ and " make him- 
self agreeable," if possible. So, at the next burst of 
merriment'^^ from the foreign gentlemen, he affected to 
enter ^^ into the joke/^^ threw^^ himself back in his 
chair, and laughed as loudly as tliey did. 

8. The men stared'^*^ for a second,^' then frowned f^ 
one of them shouted ^^ angrily ^^ at him, and the other 
called loudly to the waiter. A moment after, Frank 
found himself being conveyed ^^^ by the waiter to the 
doorway^*^^ into the hall,^^'^ with the remark sounding^*^^ 
in his ears, " What a f oolish ^^'^ young gentleman you 
must be ! Why can't you keep out of people's way 1" 

9. The waiter advised '^^^ Frank to go to bed, where 
he might be out of the way; "but," said Frank, "I 
understand ^*^' there's to be dancing ^^^ here to-night, 
and I can dance, and — " 

10. "Poohl pooh!"!^^ Said the waiter ; "what'sthe 
use of dancing,^^^ if you arein everybody's way;^^^ and 
I know you will be." So Frank went to bed, where he 
lay ^^^ a long time awake ^^^ wondering what could be 
the cause ^^^ of the failure "^ of his attempts^^*^ to make 
himself agreeable. 

11. The next night he went to a pubhc concert, where 
he made himself so conspicuous,^^' first applauding,^^^ 
then hissing,^^^ and even speaking ^~'^ his opinions to 
the people around him, that a set ^-^^ of young College 
students ^'^ combined together ^~^ to get rid of him ; ^'^^ 
and so, before the entertainment ^'^ was half through,^*^ 
Mr. Frank, after a little hard usage,^'^ found himself 
in the street. 



Xtv fo\]c]]v:^^^a\ib^» 165 

12. He Lad several letters of introcliiction ^-^ to peo- 
ple in tlie city ; one to an olcl partner ^-^ of liis father, 
wlio had settled ^'^"^ tliere some years before ; anotlier 
to some peoplo of more consequeuce.^'^^ Of conrse/"^ 
Mr. Frank went to call upon ^^^ tlie latter ^"^ first, as 
tliere seemed a nice chance ^■^■' of making liis fortnne 
among sucli great folks.^^*^ 

13. And, really, the great folks would have becn 
civil ^^' enougli, if lie had not spoiled ^"^ everything by 
what he called " making himseK agreeable." He was 
too affectedly^"^ polite, too talkative,^^*^ too instruc- 
tive^^^ by half.^^' He assnred the yonng ladies that 
he approved very highly ^^" of their singing ; trilled ^^^ 
out a little song of his own/^^ unasked/^^ at his first 
yisit; fondled^^' the pet lap-dog^^^ on his knee ; con- 
gratulated ^^^ papa on looking wonderfully yell for his 
age ; asked mamma if she had tried ^'^ the last nevr 
spectacles ; ^^^ and, in short,^^"^ gave ^'^'^ his opinions, 
ad^dce, and Information so freely,^^" that as soon as 
he was gone all exclaimed, " Wh-O-t a disagreeable,^^^ 
impertinent fellow ! " 

Stnfunft, - ftattfinben fotttc, ^ rffetült':^, * an bcm Sefcer t^eilnel-nicn 
fönme, '" 2ujl ^vittc, ^ bafür ^u k^a^Ien, "' er warf ii'is ba&cr, ^ in feinen 
^ü&fc^eflen Sln-^uj, ^ ^^crbeifam, '« fpa^terte er, " (Speifei'aat, ^- gebecft, 
^3 Xeller, '^ ftc^ f^nett füüte, ^' öon benen ni*t Sinen, ^^ !annte, ^'öexwirrt, 
J8 fi^ erinnernb an,' ^^ jpiei?er^olte, -'^ fapte 5}tut^, ^i tjcrgej-fen, 22 ©^riftroort, 
^3 tpenn bu gelaben \vix\t, ^^ t^rübergebenb an, '^^ untere, ^e mehrere, ^^ un^ 
tefe|t, 28 fe^f, 29 c{,cre^ 20 Gruppen, ^^ kreitu ^lat^ gcncmmcn Ratten, 
32 flroa^enb, ^3 toa^rne^mcnb, ^ Si?, ^5 ^ecen, ^e ^^,3 {fi j^ ^^ati rec^t, 
3" 5tDre§farte, ^s freilid), ^a gegenüber, *° leer, -^^ Jra5 mac^t ba5 ? •*- »er erfi 
fommt, ma^It erjl, ^^ meine (df, « sjcrkugte er fi^, -^^ Iäd}elte, ^^ im näc^ilen 
Slugenblic!, ''^ rourbe i^m öctlcpft, ^s (5ct)ulter, •*» Äelfner, =0 ^eigenb, =^ leife, 
52 befe^t, ^ bie ft;^ bamit raeffen fann, ^ worauf, " ;cg, ^^ warf, " Son, 
5^ jeigte, ^a 5(jeigung, ^"^ öcrlaffcn, " auf ftc^ gelegen Mtte, " Stufmerf-- 
famfeit, ^^ 3:if:^gefellfi{)aft, ^^ allgemeine^ ©efdjrci, ^^ ^inau3 mit if»m ! 
6*^ Mnau3 mit mir, '' auffpringcnb, ^^ Stimme, ^^ f*inter, ™eine Öanb ifm ki 
ber' Schulter pacfenb, '^ i* mu§ ote beläftigen, '- unb mir auö bem SBege \n 
bleiben, " fanb fic^, '^ wie i6m gefcbab, '''^ ibn lo^gelaffen ^atte, '^ ergrirr, 
''" f^ob, '8 jTjeitcr, '^ ^lai^, ^° fiebcntifcb, ^^ ßde, ^'^ ]a^tn, ^^ in an^län'^u 
fd)er 2;rac^t, ^^ Sprache, '" 5fbcnteuer, ^^ batte nüd)tcrn gemacbt, ^^ plö|lic6, 
^^ ba ibm ber 0^atb feiner 2)?utter burd) ben Äopf fubr, ^^ entfcl)tcB er ftcb, ^^ ncd) 
einen 2}erfu(^, ^^ ftcb öor',ubränaen, ^'- bei bem näd)|len SluiJbrucf) ijcn ^eiterfeit, 
^3 ilettte er fic^ ata ginge er ein auf, ^ 3':^cr^', ^^ warf, ^' ilarrtcn an, " Scfunbe, 



16Ö M)xlni<5) ter engli|'d)en (Sprache. 

s= runzelten bie Stirn, ^^ fc^rte an, '^ mm^t ^^^ n.efü^rt, '^2 syrc^ bie 
cffene Zkm, ^^^ ißojjjjcjc, i'>-» flinacnb, ^'^' närrlfc^, ^^'i j^^j^^ iot [^ ^,5^5^ 
''••» e5 n^irb ein Sau ftattjänDen, ^^^ 23a^! ta^! "'^ wp^u i)! ba$ 3:an',en, 
111 wenn bu 3ebermann im ©cge H|l, ^1- lag, '^^ j^^j^^ 1.4 jj^iacbc, "^ ^li^" 
lingcn, 11^ 33erfud}e, "'' auffaUig, ^^^ ^cifatt flatfcfcen, "^ 3ir*en, ^-'^ aui^ 
frred^enb, ^^^ ocöaar, ^" otubcnten, ^23 |-jj^ vereinigte, ^'^^ i^n loö^un^erben, 
^" Suübarfeit, ^"''' ^al6 ?u Gnbe, ^2' Se^anblung, ^^^ mehrere GmpfebluKg^* 
hiefe, ^-^ ©cfc^äftSt^cilbaber, ^^'^ ftc^ niebergelaffen (vttte, '^^ i?cn größerem 
5(niekn, ^'-^^ natürli*, '^^s 5efu*te, ^^ ße^^tere, '^^ pbf*e ©elegenfccit, ^^e :^cute, 
^3' ^öflid^, ^^' sjcrbcrben, ^'^ affeftirt, ^^° gefAtoä^ig, ^^^ ^u meifternb, ^^ gan^ 
unb'gar, ' ^-»^ ba^ er fefir Iokuc-n?crt^ fänbe, ^^ träUerte, "^eine »on feinen eignen 
!(eincn Siebern, ^*'^ unaufgcforbert, ^^' ftrcic^ette, ^^'^ ßieHing5^Sd)eo§fjunb, 
i^^'gratulirte, ^'^ vcrfud)t, ^'^ ^xiUc, ^^^ fy^j, i^a j^^j fo fretgeMsmit, 
^^* iinauöi'teblii^>. 

Öcfcftüs! 3* 

OUT OF THE WAY. (Sd)tup.) 

1. Things Trent on ^ in this vraj ^ for some time," for 
he called^ verj often, as he had too high an opinion 
of himseif to take the hints ^ that were thi-own out "^ 
that his Visits '* were not agreeable. At last, however,^ 
he coiild find " nobody at home," when he called, as 
the joung ladies managed '■^ to get ont of Jus way, as he 
wonid not keep out of iheirs. 

2. The unfortunate young man was compeUed'^^ to 
take^^ the hint at last, and in his despondency ^^ he 
found a good friend in the waiter ^' at the hotel. " I 
thought," murmured ^^ Frank, in broken, almost sob- 
bing accents,^^ " I thought — the young ladies — would 
have been dehghted — with ^'^ — my song ; you see — I've 
been — so well thought ^' — and I can sing — ." 

3. " Pooh ! pooh ! nonsense ! " interrupted ^^ the 
waiter. " "Wliat's the use ^^ of singing, if you've not 
been asked? "'^ Much better go to bed." Poor Frank, 
deeply niortified,-^ now gave himseif up to tears,'-^'^ and 
ordered^' his dinner up stairs,"^ for he feit as though 
he could not be seen ^^ by any body. The folly "'^ of 
his past conduct,^' and of his mother's advice, ap- 
peared to him,^^ all at once,^^ in a new light.^*^ 

4. Before the waiter had been gone ^^ five minutes, 
he retumed^' ^ith a letter^^ in his hand. Frank 



Der 5)of|'c||b^Gai'it$. 167 

trembled "^ as he took it. It was an invitation to diu- 
ner from his fatlier's olcl partner. Frank threw ^^ tlio 
note ^^ on the floor ^' — declared "^ he would go no- 
where "^^ — would see nobodj any more ! ^^ 

5. The "officious fellow " ^^ — as he would have 
called '^^ the waiter at another time ^^ — took up the note, 
and read^^ it. " Why ! " said he, *'it's from jour 
father's old partner ! he wishes you had called ; ^^ but 
as you havent called, he asks ^^ you to dinner. Now 
you're wanted,^^ Mr. Frank, and must go." 

6. "But I shall only get ^^ jj^^o difficiäiy'''^ again," 
cried he, despondingly.^^ "Nonsense. You've only 
to keep out of everybody's way, and all will be right," 
insisted the waiter, as he left the room. 

7. " Only to keep out of everybody's v/ay, and all 
will be right," ^^ repeated Frank to himself, as he looked 
at ^^ his crestfallen ^^ face in the glass.^^ " It's not the 
rule^^ mother gaye me for getting on^*^ in Hfe ! " 

8. Frank went, trembling for the consequences,^'^ but 
resolved to take his /a^/zer '5 advice tJiis time. In truth, 
he feit that he had no courage now to '' put himself 
forward." It was the funniest thing ^^ in the world ^^ 
to hear him, as he went along,^^ repeating to himself,^^ 
'^ÄU you have to do, ivith your advantarjes, is to mähe 
youTself — no, no ! not to make myself agreeable — is to 
— keep out of the luay ! That's it !^" ^^ 

9. When Frank arrived at the house, he rang the 
bell ^^ so gently ^^ that he had to ring ^^ twice ^'^ before 
he was heard. When he was ushered into the drawing- 
room,^'' the old partner came forward to meet him,*^^ 
took him kindly by the hands, and, after one searching 
look ^^ into his downcast ^° face, said : 

10. " My dear Mr. Frank, you must put on a bolder 
face,"^^ and ring a louder peal,'^ next time '^ you come 
to the house of your father's old friend ! " Frank an- 
swered this warm greeting ^'^ by a sickly "'^ smile ; '"^ 
and while he was being introduced "* •" to the rest of the 
family, kept bowing on,'^ thinking of nothing but how 
he was to keep out of everybody's way. 



168 Sef)rbud) ter englifdjen ^prad)c. 

11. He could scarcely answer their kind greetings '^ 
with anjtbing more tlian "Yes" and " No," "Perliaps 
so " " Do you tliink so ? " and other such little 
phrases.^^ 

12. " How shy ^^ lie is, poor fellow ! " thought the 
ladies ; and then they talked to liim all the more.'^ 
They asked him a thousand questions.^-'^ They chat- 
ted ^^ of books, and music, and drawing,^^ and presse d 
him hard ^^ to discover ^' what he knew, what he could 
do, and what he Hked best ; ^^ and when it came out ^^ 
from his short answers that he had read certain books 
— and in more than one language ; and could sing — 
just a Httle ; ^^ and dance — ^just a little ; and do several 
other things — ^just a little, too, they were dehghted 
with him. "Ah! when you know^^ us better," said 
they, " and are not so shy of us as strangers,''^ we shall 
find out that you are as clever again ^" as you pretend 
to be,^^ Mr. Frank ! " 

13. "111 teil yoa what," added °^ the old partner, 
Coming up°^ at this moment, "ifs a perfect treat'-'' to 
me, Mr. Frank, to have a young man Hke you in my 
house ! You're your father all over again '^^ — and I 
can't praise you more.°^ He was the most modest,^^*^ 
unobtrusive ^^^ man in all our towTi ; and yet he knew^°^ 
more of his business than all of us put together.^^^ 

14. " However, my dear boy — forlreallymust call you 
so — it was that very thing ^'^^ that made your father' s 
fortune : I mean, that he was just as unpretending ^^-^ 
as he was clever. Everybody trusts ^^^ an unjweteiiding 
man. And youll make your fortune, too, in the same 
manner,^^' before long.^^^ Now, boys ! " added he, 
turning ^°^ to his sons, " you hear what I say, and take 
the hint ! " ^^'^ 

15. It is sur[3rising ^^^ how rapidly ^^^ Master Frank 
got along ^^^ after tbis, and hovr many attentions "'^ 
were thrust upon him,^^^ all because, as everybody said, 
he was " such an agreeable young man, and as modest 
as he was well educated." *He had been really hum- 
bled,^^*^ and he was greatly changed ^^^ in character ; 



2)cr ^Joffeiib^Gafuö, 1Ö9 

but the more ^^^ he tried to " keep out of tlie Tray," tlie 
more ^^'•' he was brought forward I ^^"^ "What a World of 
contradictions ^^^ this is ! 

16. It was a jovial day ^- for good old Mr. and i\Irs. 
Worthy, when, two years after ^^^ Master Frank had 
set out^^^ on his travels,^-^ ho returned home a partner 
in the old partner's busmess, with one of his smihng ^^^ 
daughters for his bride.^^^ 

(D>Ies. Gatty.) 

^ (Sd öini] fort, 2 auf fcicfc Seife, ^ p^^e Bcitlang, '^ fprc4 öor, ^ m„ ^^^g 
33infe ju »erftc^cn, ^ bie man fallen Uc§, '' Sefud^e, ^ jebcd>, ^ cö fo cinridite* 
ten, ^"gcnöt^töt, ^' ju »crftel)cn, ^* 9?iecergefd)(agenl>eit, '^iteUner, ^-^ murmelte, 
'^ fall erilicfter otimme, ^^ würben ent^ucft gewefen fein »on, ^" unterrichtet, 
'8 unterbrach, '^ wa^ nüf-t, 20 aufgeforbert, ^iticf gefränft, '-^-licB feinen 3:^rdnen 
freien 2auf, 23 tcftellte, '^^ auf fein 3immer, " al^J cb er fi»^ nid^t fönnte fel)en 
laffen, ^^ J^cr^cit, "^^ betragen, 2' erfd)ien ifrni, '^^ gan^ auf einmal, so {^j^^t, 
21 fort war, ^' fam er ;urüct, "^^ ©rief, ^ gitterte, ^ warf, ^^ S3illet, ^t gug^ 
Boben, s* crflärte, ^^ nirgenbbin, ^ 5ticmanb mebr, ^^ aufbringlide SBurfc^e, 
^- genannt, ^^ ju jeber aubern 3eit, ^* laö, '^^ scrgefprcdjen, ^'^ '^bittet, ^Me^t 
will man Sie Ijabcn, ^^ öerail)en, ^^ Unanne^mlicbfeiten, ^^ nieberi3efd)lagen, 
" unb aüeö wirb gut geben, '"^ ant-'Iicftc, '"^ niebergeft^tagen, '"^ Spiegel, 
5^ O^egcl, ^° fort^ufomnten, *^ Solgen, '"^ X)rDlligile, " Seit, '^'^ wie er fo baljin^ 
ging, ^^ für \iä:) wieber^olenb, ^- t:ai ift'c, ^^ ,;,^^ ^j ^[^ Sd^eüe, " leife, 
^^ f:^cllen mu^te, '^^ zweimal, " al3 man i^n in'ö Scl)n^immcr geigte, ^^ fam 
ibm entgegen, '^^ nac^ einem forict»enben S3licf, '° niebergefdilagcn, '^ eine ^er?* 
l^afterc i^iene annebmen, '^ lauter fc^ellen, '^ baö nadijle 5^a'l, tai, '^ biefcn 
ier^lid)en öruj^, ''^ matt, '^ Sädieln, " wäbrenb er yorgefiellt würbe, "'^ Per- 
kugte er fi^ in Sincm fort, '^ (Sntgcgenfommen, ''*' berartige fur^e ^Rebenc^^ 
orten, ^^ btöbc, ^- nur um fo me^r, *^ t^ragcn, ^ fd^wafetcn »ertrauli*, *' 3eid)* 
nen, ^* beflürmten ibn, "^ au^sufinben, *^^ wa^j er am licbjlcn battc, ^^ ber^^ 
«erging, '•^ nur ein biöc^cn, ^^ fcnnen, *^ tJtcmbe, ^^ nocf) einmal fo gefcbeut, 
^ ald ^i?cfür Sie ft^ ausgeben, ^^ fe^te— bin^u, ^^ ber ba^u fam, ^' ein 
wa^rea ©aubium, ^^ auf unb nieber, ^^ i* fönnte nid)t3 mcbr ^u 3brem Sobe 
fagen, ^^ bcfdieibenile, 'o' anfpru^lofcfle, ^«^^ serilanb er, ^^ wir 2tUe ;,ufam^ 
menaenommen, '^ baö war e3 arabe waö, ^°^ anf^jm^alo^-, ^^^ bat 3ntrauen, 
^°' Seife, ^08 jiunen ^ur^em, ^«^ fi* wenbcnb, ^'o belierygt ben Sinf, '" er^ 
ftaunli*, "2 jrafd>, "3 fp^tf^j^^ ii-* 5lufmcrffamfeiten, ^^MBm aufacbrangt, 
^'^ gebemüt^iat, "" batte ftd) febr gcänbcrt, "s je mcbr, ^^^ be|lo mcfir, ^^o njurbe 
er Tvcrsjorgejcacn, '^i jöitcrf^ru^cn, ^'^^ c^j^y^^^^^ig^ '23 „^tj^j^gj^^, ^"^-^ ano^t^ 
treten ^atte, ^25 ft^^-^^^^ 125 (j^tö, 127 ^^aut. 



170 



Set)vhici) ter cngUfd^en 8prad)e 



£eation XXII. 

icttity. Steigerung ^e^ Mbt>ctb^* 

^cbcn^üttcn : to oioe, to own, to Ig mistaken, to turn 
up. 



2B0dcr233cr3cij^nig« 



wrifcing, Sd)rift. 

letter, 33rief» 

well written, gut 9efd)rieBen. 

a year, ta^^ 3^^^* 

liandsome, t)üBf(^, 

salary, @el)alt, 

musician, ^JZuffler, 

were paid, ti?uvten l^eja'^lt« 

play, (SpieL 

exceedingly, I)ccl^(l» 

annoying, ärgerli^, 

to be disturbed, geftbrt ju 

jrerten, 
tolerably, gtemlicJ)» 
health, ©efunt^eit» 
tolerable, ertrdglid)* 
deserve, »erHenert» 
commendatioii, 2o"&» 
behavior, SSetragen. 
highly, l)ö6ft» 
praisewortby, lo^cn^wert^, 
fast, fd^neU* 
liardly, faunt. 
to follow, folgen. 
ever, je* 

to rise, aufgeben. 
never, nie, 
to trust, trauen, 
slow, langfam. 



dance, Xummlopf. 

once für all, ein für atlemal. 

I could not help it, i(^ fonnte 

nid)t tafür, 
it is not wortb the while, c3 

ift ni*t ter SJtüt)c trert§, 
silly, albern, 
busioess, 5lrkit. 
war, ^rieg. 
peace. ^rieten, 
countryman, Santymaua» 
fluent, flie^enb, 
we are drawing nearer, tvir 

fommen nal)er, 
worse, fc&Iec^ter, 
than I anticipated, alö ic^ er;; 

wartete, 
yoTi will oblige me, (Sie irer^ 

t)en ttti^ i^erMnten, 
to mail, auf tie ^cft Bringen, 
disappointed, enttauf^t, 
at learning, aU er erfuhr, 
had left, abgereift luar. 
giving notice, taöon in Äennt? 

nij ju fetten, 
to spare, ,^u entbeken, 
does not like, bat feine 2uft, 
tired of, mute auf. 



Xa5 5(bi)erb. 171 

IHebenSarten. 

to owe, fd)urrt3 fein. to be mistakcn, fid> irren, 

to own, tefi^en» he was thouglit to be, man 
up-to^m, in ter okrn 8tai:t. Mclt if)n für. [mcn. 

to owB, eingcfiel)en. to tum up, ^um 3Sorf*ein tom^ 

to suspect, argiPübncu. to turn up the nose,' tie ^a\t 
clieat, Betrüger. rümpfen. 

UeBung§?§(ufgaBc 1. 

This writing is very goocl. Do jou not think tliis 
letter is well written ? Tbree tbousand dollars a jear 
is a liandsome salarj. The musicians were handsomelj 
paid for their plaj. It is exceedinglj annojäug to be 
disturbed in your w^ork. How do jou do? I am 
tolerably well, thank jou. Mj health is tolerablj 
good. These bojs deserve high commendation. Their 
behavior is bighly praiseworthy. Do not walk so fast ; 
I can hardly follow. Did you ever see the sun rise ? 
I never trusted him. He is always very slow. Do you 
understand me ? I would if you did not speak so fast. 
Why don't you speak more slowly? Do you want any 
more bread? I haye enough. Even a dunce would 
understand this. I teil you once for all that I could 
not help it. Now, don't cry. It is not worth the 
while, it is too silly. I seldom (oter rarely) get up be- 
fore six o'clock. First business, and then pleaWe. 
Washington was first in war, first in peace, and first in 
the hearts of his countrymen. He speaks a fluent 
English ; he speaks English fluently, but not very cor- 
rectly. "We are drawing nearer death every day. This 
work is badly done ; it is done even worse than I anti- 
cipated. You will oblige me very much, if you will 
mail this letter for me. He was greatly disappointed 
at learning that his friend had left without giving him 
notice. There are but few children that do not feel 
happy. I have but httle time to spare. He has no 
money ; neither have 1 (et er nor I either — oter I 



172 



^el)rl)uc^ ter englifdjcn 3prad)e» 



neither). Henry does not like to study Frencli, neither 
(oter nor) does bis cousin. You are tired of this man, 
and so am I. You can go to tlie theatre, and so can 
your brother 

Sietcn0artcn : How mucli do you owe your tailor? I 
do not owe liim anything. He owns tbree houses in 
this street, and two more up-town. Do you now own 
tliat you were wrong in suspecting this man to be a 
cheat ? I own, I was mistaken. He was thought to be 
lost, when all at once he tumed up in America. You 
must not turn up your nose at everything. If you want 
to go bathing, I v/ill join iu. Do not by any means 
trust every man. 



SBüttersS^crjci^mg. 



^anbfdjrift, handwriting. 
id) ^abe unrecbt, I am wroug. 
tiefe beiden, these two. 
einander, each other. 
ciu^eror^entUct), exceediügly. 
frol), happy ; glad. 
entlud), at last, 
gar vdd'i, never. 
glücflid>ern?eife, fortunatel^^ 
fefe, jUled^t, bad. 
gemacht, done. 
aufrid^tig, frank, 
^efenntnif , confession. 
abgelegt, made. 
(2dn:(^, guilt. 
cingefte^en, to confess. 
abbrennen, to burn down. 
^^euerleute, firemen. 
prompt, x^romptty. 
bei Ter .<pant^, on the spot. 
fdmpfen, to battle. 
anirte ij erlebt, was hurt. 
tcutlicb, distinct. 



Slnttrort, answer. 

grüntlid), thorough. 

reinigen, to clean. 

Sleinignng, cleaning. 

9}ZitteI, remedy. 

Ungejicfer, vermin. 

Unglücfjfall, accident. 

fid) ereignen, to happeu, 

i}aufig, frequent. 

H^füd), pohte. 

tva5 er mir fd)ulcig \\t, what ho 

owes me. 
grob, insultrag, insolent, 
trcn, faithful. 
me()r jrertb, worth more. 
J)e(fen, to assist. 
tüd^ig, able. 
5(tii?efat, lawyer. 
engagiren, to engage. 
eine ^üä>t fül)ren, to piead a 

case. 
überzeugt, convinced ; per- 

suaded. 



T)a^ 5lt)öcrb. 173 

j?oü!ommcn, x^erfect. 'i}ü^ö>, pretty. 

unfcbulrig an, irmocent of. gefleilet, dressed. 

53 erbrechen, crime. 

3ft t)ie$ nic^t eine cjute §anbfc^rift? Xk $anbrd)rift ift 
fel)r gut; ber ^rief ift fef)r c^ut gef^rteben* 3^ n^eig \ti)x 
gut, tap ic^ unrecht l)ahc. 3)iefe beiden ^cute ftnb fel)r glücf^ 
iid) ; ffe leben febr g(ücf(icb miteinander* 3ci) hin auper^ 
orbentlic^ frob, tag tu entlid) gefommen bift ; bef[er fpat alö 
gar nid)t. ©lücfli^erweife ift eö nc^ ni^t ju fpät. 2öie 
bepnbeft bu bid) t)eute ? 3d) banfe, iä:} befinbe mic^ ^iemlid) 
tt)o^L Äarl ift ein böfer 3unge; feine 5(rbeiten ftnb immer 
f^lec^t gemalt» 3)er ?J2crber ^at enblid) ein aufrichtige^ 
^efenntniß abgelegt* dx ^at aufrid)tig feine Scbulb einge:^ 
ftanben» Oeftern brannten ^tüei Käufer al\ Xk geuerleute 
n?aren prompt M ber |)anb; jte fämpften fü^n mit ben 
glammen unb glüdlid)era>eife nmrbe 9]iemanb i^crlc^t* @ib 
mir eine beutlic^e 5lntmort. ^Intworte laut unb beutlicb. 2öir 
^aben unfer §auö grünblid^ gereinigt* ^ine grünblid)e 9tei^ 
jiigung ift baö befte 9}Zittel gegen Unoje^,iefer* Unglücföfälle 
ouf ©ifenbabnen ereignen ftd) \)kx ]f)äuftger alö in Xeutfd):^ 
lanb* 3^ bat aufö ^öfli^/te mir ^u bejablen, n?aö er mir 
f^ulbig ift ; er bat mir aber febr grob geantn?ortet* (Sin treuer 
greunb ift m.ebr tt?ert^ alö ©olb unb (Silber* (Sr bat mir 
treu geholfen hd meiner ^Irbeit* Qx bcitte einen tüd)tigen 
5lbi^ofaten engagirt* 3)er 5lböofat fübrte feine (Sac^e tü^^ 
ttg ; iä^ bin überzeugt, er if^ üollfommen unfd)ulbig an biefem 
SSerbred)en. !Da^'iftein f)übf^eö 3)^äbd)en* (^^ ift fe^r 
l^übfd) gefleibet* 

ßefcfiüö 1. 

THE LOST CA^IEL. (Da^ »crlorme ÄamccL) 

1. A dervisli ^ was joumeying ^ alone in the desert,^ 
wlien two merchants^ suddenlj^ met ^ him. "You 
have lost a camel," said he to the merchants. "In- 
deed we have," ^ thej replied. " Was he not blind in 



174 S!,d)xhnd) tcr cnglifcl)cn *v::prad)c. 

liis riglit ^ eje,^ and lame in his left^^ leg? " ^^ said tlie 
dervish. 

2. " He was," replied tlie merchants. " Had lie lost 
a front tooth ? " ^^ said the dervish. " He Lad," re- 
joined^'^ the merchants. "And was he not loaded^^ 
with honey^^on one side, and corn on the other?" 
" Most certainly ^° he was," thej replied ; " and as jou 
have Seen him so lately,^^ and describe ^^ him so well, 
we suppose ^^ you can condnct ^° ns to him." 

3. " My friends," said the dervish, " I have never 
Seen your camel, nor ever heard of him but^^ from 
yourselves." "A pretty story,^^ truly!"^^ said the 
merchants ; " but where are the jewels^^ which formed^^ 
a part ^^ of his bürden ? " ^^ *' I have neither seen your 
camel, nor your jewels," repeated ^^ the dervish. 

4. On this ^^ they seized ^^ him, and took ^^ him to 
the cadi,"^ where, on the strictest search,^^ nothing 
could be found against him ; nor could any evidence ^^ 
be produced ^^ to prove him guilty,^*' either of false- 
hood ^^ or of thef t.'^^ They were then about ^^ to pro- 
ceed^° against him as a sorcerer,^^ when the dervish, 
with great calmness,^^ thus addi-essed ^^ the court : ^^ 

5. "I have been much amused with^^ your sur- 
prise,^^ and own ^^ that there has been some ground ^^ 
for you to think that I have been deceiving ^^ you ; but 
I have lived long, and alone ; and have found ample 
room ^^ for Observation,^^ even in a desert. 

6. " I knew that I had crossed ^^ the track ^^ of a 
camel that had strayed ^* from its owner,^^ because I 
saw no mark ^"^ of any human footsteps " on the same 
route : ^^ I knew that the animal was blind of one eye, 
because it had cropped ^^ the herbage ^^ only on one 
side of its path ; ^^ and I perceived *^^ that it v/as lame 
in one leg, from the faint ^^ impression ^^ one foot had 
made upon the sand. 

7. "I also concluded ^^ that the animal had lost one 
tooth,^*^ because,^' wherever ^^ it had grazed,*^^ a small 
tuft of herbage "'^ was left uninjured,' ' in the centre '^ 
of its bite." As to that ' ^ which formed tho bürden of 



Xaö 5(b»crb. 175 

the beast, tho busy "^ ants '•'^ informecl "^ ' mc tliat it was 
corn on tlie one side ; ancl the clustering ''^ Üies, that it 
was honey on the otlier." 

' 2)crn)ifcf), 2 nj^r auf ber Steife, ^SSüjlc, ^ ilaiiflcittc, ^plct-Ii^V "ent.jcgcn* 
famen, ''baö baben wir in ber 3:t)at, ^ rec^t, ^ 2(uijc, 'Minf, " 33ein, '^sßpj^ej-^ 
jabn, ^3 eririberten, ^-^ belabcn, '^ ^onicj, ^^ gan^ richtig, ^^ »or Äur^cnt, '« k== 
fcf)rei6fl, ^^ Wir »ermut^en, '"' binfü^ren, ^' auv?3cnommcn, '^^ eine bübfdjc 
©efc^ic^te, "^ trirflid^, ^i 3utrelen, " bilbctcn, ^^ 3:^ei(, ^t sgy^ije, 23 j^^c^ 
beredte, ^^ bicrauf, "^ erc^rirren, ^^ bracbtcn, "- Sabi (Stic^tcr), ^3 j^^^^ ^^^ 
(lenauefien Unterfucbung, ^^ Sctt}ci?,_2^ {icliefcrt werben, ^^ ilin ^u überführen, 
^" 2ü{5e, 3s -Diebilabl, ^^ im Segriir, ^° 5U öerfabren, ^' Sauberer, *^ 0e=? 
müt^örube, ^^ anrebete, "" (53erid)t>J{)of, ^^ icb babe micb fe^r ergötzt an, ^^ 2}€r=' 
Jüunberung, '*^ gebe ju, ^^ ©runb,' '^^ ba^ id^' eucf) ^intergangen i^ahc, ^0 :^in^ 
reic^enb (Gelegenheit, ^' Seobad)tuniV ^' geratben n)ar, ^^ ©pur, °* fic^ serirrt 
l^atte, °'^ etgent()ümcr, ^'^ opur, ^~ Supilatfen, ^^ Sß?eg, ^' abgefret'fen, ^° baa 
©rae, «1 g^rab, «^ bemcrfte, " leicfu, « (EinbrucE, ^ö j-f^^t^p, cü 3^^{,„, e- j^^eil, 
'''* wo immer, ^^ gegraft, '° Süfc^el ®ra^, "'^ unsjerfebrt, "'- 3?iittelpunft, 
'3 23ip, ''•^ ipaa ba>3'^betrifff, '^ emfig, '^'^ 5lmcifen, ' " be(cl;rten, '^ ^aufeuweife 
ft^enb. 

Seicfai(f 2. 

WHO IS A GENTLEMAN? (-Ser itl ein öentleman?) 

1. And do you tliink you are a gentleman ? ^Tiy ? 
Is it ^ becanse you carry ~ a little dandy ^ cane/ smoke 
cigars, and wear^ your hat on one side of your head? 
Is that the way to be ^ a gentleman ? Eead • the fol- 
lowing story, and decide ^ what it is that makes the 
gentleman. 

2. One aftemoon,^ last spring/^ there had been a 
sndden^^ gust of wind,^- and a shght ^^ shower of rain.^^ 
But the clouds ^^ soon passed away.^^ The sun shone 
out^' brightly/^ and the rain-drops ^^ sparkled"^ like 
diamonds ^^ upon the trees of Boston Common.^^ 

3. The Boston boys love the Common ; and well 
they may ; '^ for where could they find a more glo- 
rious'-^^ play-ground ? ^^ During ^^ the shower, the boys 
had -^ ' taken shelter ~^ under the trees ; as soon as it 
was passed ^^ they resumed ^^ their amusements.^*^ 

4. On one of the crossings,^^ or walks, appeared^^ 
a small, plainly-dressed ^^ old woman, with a cane in 
one handj and a large green nmbrella ^^ in the other. 



176 i^el^rbud) ber enöltfd)en ©prat^e, 

She was bent "^ with age ^^ and infirmity,^^ and walked 
slowlj.^^ 

5. The green umbrella was open, and tumed up ^^ in 
the niost comical ^^ manner.^^ The A\'ind had suddenly 
reversed ^^ it, without the consent ^^ or knowledge ^^ of 
the old ladj, and she now held it in one hand like a 
huge '^^ flower with a long stalk.^° 

6. *' Hurrah! hurrah!" cried^' one of the boys, 
pointing '^^ to the nmbrella. " Mammoth cabbages ^^ 
for sale! °^ Mammoth cabbages ! " 

7. The whole rabble ^^ of boys joined ^^ in the cry,^^ 
and ran hooting ^^ after^^ the poor old woman. She 
looked at them with grave wonder,^*^ and endeavored ^^ 
to hasten ^^ her tottering ^^ footsteps.^^ 

8. They still pursued ^^ her, and at length began ^^ 
pelting*^^ with pebbles^^ the up-standing ^^ umbrella, 
some crying " Mammoth cabbages," and others " New- 
fashioned ^^ sun-shades." ^' 

9. She turned *^^ again, and said, with tears ^^ in her 
eyes, " What have I done, my httle lads,^*^ that '^ you 
should thus trouble me ? " '^ 

10. " It is a shame," "^ said a neatly-dressed,''^ fine- 
looking'^^ boy, who rushed '^ through the crowd'^ to 
the rescue ''^ of the poor old woman. 

11. " Madam," said he, " your umbrella was turned'^ 
by the wind. Will you allow"^^ me to close^^ it for 
you?" 

12. " I thank you," she replied. *' Tlien that is ^^ 
w^hat^^ those boys are hooting at!^^ Well, it does 
look funny,"83 added she,^^ as she looked ^^ at the 
cause ^^ of their merriment.^"^ The kind-hearted ^f boy 
endeavored^^ to turn down°^ the umbrella, but it was 
no easy^^ task;^^ the whalebones ^^ seemed^^ obsti- 
nately ^'^ bent on ^^ standing upright.^' 

13. The boys now changed^^ the object^^ of their 
attack,ioo and the pebbles rattled ^°' like hail ^°^ upon 
the manly ^^^ fellow who was struggling ^^^ to reheve '''' 
the poor woman from ^^"^ her awkward^^' predica- 
ment.^o^ 



Xaö %i'Oixl\ 177 

14. "Tou are a mean^^^ fcllow,^^'' to spoiP^^ oiir 
fun," ^^^ saicl tliey ; " but jou can't come it :^^^ cabbage 
leaves ^^^ will grow upward." 

15. He, however/^^ at length succeecled/^° and, clos- 
iog the troublesome ^^' umbrella, handed ^^^ it to the 
old woman with a polite ^^^ bow.^^'° 

16. " Thank you, thank you — a thousand thanks, 
sir," Said slie, " and I should like to know ^^^ your 
name, that I may repay ^^^ you wlienever I can find an 
opportun] ty." ^^^ 

17. " By no means," ^^^ replied he. " I am happy^^^ 
to liave rendered ^^ you tliis trifling ^^^ Service," ^^^ and 
he walked away. 

18. " Well," Said she, " whoever you are, your father 
and mother have reason ^^^ to be proud of you, for you 
are a gentleman — a perfect ^-^^ gentleman." 

19. And so he was a gentleman ; and I wish I could 
teil you his name, that you may see if my prophecy ^^^ 
does not prove ^^^ true. 

20. " Manners ^^^ make the man," you may often 
have written in very legible ^"^ characters ^^^ in your 
copy-books.^^^ They^^* certainly do go very far to- 
ward ^^' making the gentleman. But a true ^^^ gentle- 
man must have a good heart also. 

^ (3|leö, b.{.)öieiretc^t, Mräctf!, ^ (Stn^tx, ^ (spazier flocf, Mrd'atw 
^ it"i man barum, '' lie^, ^ entfc^eibc, "^ cineu ?Rac^mitta(j(3, ^° im öorigen t^rüt'ja'^r, 
^^ plö^Uc^, 12 sßii^^l-jijg^ 13 leicht, ^-^ fRegenfc^auer, ^^ 23oIfen, i*^'jogcn 
öorüber, " prallte, ^^ f^elf; '^ ^Regentropfen, ^o gjän^^ten, ^^ 2)iamantcn, 
'■^^ ®emeinbet»iefe, ^3 ^j^^ j-^j ^^^^^ ^y^ UrfadEje ba^u, ^^ prä(i)tt3, ^5 3piei^ 
pla^, 26 tuä^renb, •'' Ratten «oc^u^ 9efud)t, ^^ öorüber, ^9 nahmen \\t »icber 
auf, 2*^ (Spiele, ^i Ue^ergänge, ^2 erfd)ien, ^3 einfach gefleibet, ^ 9tegen|'dnrm, 
35 gebeugt, ^s 5j(t£f^ 3- ^c^j^jac^e, 2* langfam, _^^ umgefc^Iagcn, ^^ fo^ 
mif*, 41 Sßcife, '^^ umgefefirt, ^^ Srlau^nip, '^ ©iiien, ^^ rteng, ^^ (Stengel, 
•*' fc^rie, ^^ ^eigenb, ^^ 3ftiefen!ot)I, ^"^ ^u »erfaufen, ^i «Rubel, '"^ ftimmte 
ein, ^3 j)^^ ©efc^ret, " mit netfenbem ©efc^rei, " hinter — ^er, ^^ mit grcper 
SJemunberung, 5' ijerfu(^te, ^^ kfc^teunigcn, ^^ n^anfenb, ^^ S(f»ritte, " t?er* 
folgte, *^'^ jingen an, ''^ ju bomBarbiren, ^■^'Steine, ^^ umgeftülpt, ^^neumobifcb, 
" SDnnenfd)irme, ^^ n?anbte ftcf), ^^ Jbräncn, •'^ S3urfcben, " ba§ ibr mic^ fo 
Belajligt? '^Scbanbc, '^nctt gefleibet, '-^i^übiä}, "^ fic^ I)inbur#rängte, " Scf)aar, 
" Söefreiung, "'^ umgefhilpt, "'^ erlauben, ^^ juJiumac^en, ^' baö iil e^ alfc, 
^^ »orüber 'ienc Sungcn einen folc^en Sfanbat mad^en, ^^ fpa^ig, " fe^te fie 
^inju, ^= tt?a^rna^m, ^^ Urfai^e, ^' ^?)citevfeit, ^^ pf-^g^j^gp^ &9 ^fj^y^te jic^, 



178 



^cl)rbud) ter cnö(tfd)en ^pxadjc. 



" Slufi^abc, 93 r^j|-^,^fij^^ 94 ^^^icn, ^' eigene 
9^ aufredet ?iu flehen, ^^ n?c*feltcn, ^^ ©cgenftanb 



so nicberjufj^tagcn, ^' leicht, 
finnig , ^'' darauf ö er fe \]ci\, 
"0 ^(ngrifr, ^^^ praiTeltcn 
freien 

gelan.i i(}m, ^'' ii^iDerfvenfttg , , 

inöcf^te auc^ toiffen, ^■^- vergelten, ^^^ ©elegenbeit, 
freue mt*, ^^o erzeigt, ^■'' unl^ebcutenb, ^-^ 2)tenR, ^"^^ Urfac^e, ^'° gan?, 
131 STu^^fage, ^32 ejj^jei,-^^ ^ss gj^anicrem ^^ leferlid), '^s (gc^^iftjügc, ^^^ <Sd:)xdh^ 
^"37 fie tj^^ci^ gjj^iß j-£^j j^^i^u j,ei, isrf jT^^^j^ 



n, -0« auö, '" fonberl^ar, ''•'' i^agc, '^'^ fcl)lec|t, ^i'' ^erl, ^i' serber&en, 
5pa§, 1''^ bu faniiil Co nid)t fertig bringen, ^-^ SBIätter, ^^^jeboclv ^'^ e^ 
la ihm, ^'^ ii^iDerfvenftig, ^'^ rciAte, ^^^ f)5rli^/ ^-° iBerbeugung, '^^ id) 



12-* feine Urfacfte, 



biidjcr. 



Cefetiou XXIII. 



^ralJofitioncn— 0??, wpo?z, ^, from, to, luith, af, in, 
into, tvitJiout, for. 

^ onimxf twncix — To, in order to, tJiat, wlien, if, hui, for. 

^tbtn^^titw — To malce a motion, fo second, fo 'pmj 
ones resjjcds, to liappen^ in return for, to he engaged, to 
rememher to, to rcmind. 



SBijrtcr2Scr3cif§nif|, 



Thy will be done, tein Söili'e 

lieaven, .^immeL 

to depend w^oii, finfontmen 

auf. 
vrord of liouor, Sbrcntijort. 
to lock, fct;li eilen. 
I want you to, \6> iinll, tcijj tu. 
to consider, betenfen. 
to agree with, übcrcinftimmcn 

mit. 
to get excited, in ipi|e (jerat^cn. 
Single, einjlg. 
in order to, itm 5U. 



dentist, 3^^f)^^i^5^» 
afterwards, naiver. 
bufc yesterday, erft gcftern, 
news, 9Zad^rid;t. 
all but, nidt^ ircni^cr als3. 
orcliard, rt-fhicirtcn. , 
to sliake, fd^ütteln. 
left, Ü6ng. 

tlie last but one, ticnäc^ftlct^tc 
to reseut, jvictcrijcr^cltcn. 
inciyility, UnK^f(id!cit. 
Üicbcneartcn. 
to motion, tor)\t(ai]cn. 
to adjoiirn, ftd> vcrtviijen. 



5)iäpo|'ttioueiK GüiijunftioneiL 



179 



motiou, Sorfd}Iag» 

to second, unterftü^cn, 

in favor of, für (^u ©unjlen). 

to signify, lunfijebcu. 

contrary, tai]Cijcu. 

to carry (a motion), annci)- 

men* 
to pay one's respects, feine 

5lufn?virtuni3 JUvidjcn» 
to bid, ki^^eu. 
to liold one's tonguo, fein 

mmi Mtcxu 
withont avail, i^ercjcHid)» 
to mind, ßcßord^cn. 



I liai:>pened to stand, ic^ ftant) 

gerate, 
it Lappens, c5 ^^affirt. 
in return for, gum 2)anf für. 
barrel, gaO* 
choice, kfonterS fd;ön. 
engaged, ijcrlol^t. 
to be married to, fid) ju i?er^ 

Ijeirathen mit. 
to engage, tingcn. 
to dig, graben, 
well, i^runnen. 
to remind of, erinnern an. 



llcbunf|§'?(ufgaBc 1. 

Dinner is on the table ; you forgot to put tbe butter 
OD tlie table. " Thy will be done on eartfi as it is done 
in lieaven." If we wisli to live to a good old age, mucli 
will depend lipon liow we take care of our time. I teil 
you upon my wordof lionor that I did not leave the room 
witbout locking the door. Y»Tien tbe clock strikes ten 
I want you to go to bed. If jon consider all tlie cir- 
cumstances, you Tvill agree with me that it was yery 
foolish in her to get excited, when Charles broke the 
pitcher. Of vrhom do you speak ? We are speaking 
of George who went to America, and from whom v/e have 
not yet received a singie letter. Can you teil me where 
these people come from ? They come from Hamburg. 
How far is it from New York to St. Louis ? We do 
not live in order to eat, but we eat in order to live. 
There is no rose without thorns. Y/hen will you be 
at home ? I v/as at my uncle's this morning. Come, 
let US go to the dentist's first, we can go to the cap- 
tain's afterwards. With whom are you going to church 
to-morrow ? I shall go with my father and mother. I 
was with Henry all day. Will you give this knife to 
your sister ? I gave a poor old woman some bread and 



180 M)xbn^ ter enöUfd)en (Sprache. 

meat. I gave some bread and meat to a poor old 
woman. Will you go with me to the theatre ? I guess 
not, for I was at tlie theatre but yesterday. The news 
you have brought me is all but pleasant to me. Who 
is in my kitchen ? Let us go into the orchard and 
shake some apples from the trees. The dog jumped 
into the water to fetch a piece of wood that was thrown 
in. How many bottles of Champagne are there left in 
our cellar ? This is the last but one. Will you go for 
me to the apothecary's, for I am so busy that I cannot 
go myself . It is very praiseworthy in you that you did 
not resent his inciviUty. When your work is done you 
may go to bed. 

i}lcbctt§ttrtcn ; I motion to adjourn. A motion is made 
to adjourn. Is the motion seconded ? I second the 
motion. It is motioned and seconded to adjourn. All 
who are in favor of this motion wiU signify by saying, 
" Aye." Contrary, "No." The motion is carried. 
When I was in Washington, I paid my respects to the 
President. Bid these girls hold their tongues. I bid 
them be silent more than once, but without avail ; they 
won't mind me. I happened to stand in the doorway 
when the procession passed by. It often happens that 
I forget the names of my best and most intimate 
friends. In return for your kind Services I send you a 
barrel of choice apples. Do you know that Emily is 
engaged ? She is engaged to be married to the only 
son of a rieh banker. I have to go out to engage 
some workmen to dig a well for me. Do you remember 
all he Said ? I remember very little. Will you remem- 
ber me to your sister ? I told you to remind me of the 
meeting to-night. 

Söärtcr^95cr3ci(5tti§. 

cyptobiren, to explode. fRcx^, rice. 

an Sort, on board, ftolj auf, proud of. 

(£t)inefe, Chinese. nac| ipaufe,, home. 

Uhn ^on, to live on. 33etter öon mir, cousin of mine. 



53rapofitionen. (ionjuuftioncn. 181 

an!cmmcn, to arrive. ftd) fernen nad\ to loDg- for. 

SInftrengung, application. tenfeu an, to think of. 

fertig irerren mit, to fiuisli. unfid^cr, unceii:ain. 

märten auf, to wait for. &cfe auf, angry with. 

augenMicflid\ at present. fange tu^r, afraicl of. 

kfd^äftigt, busy. erfahren, to ascertain. 

rufen, to calL Stu^flug, trip, excursion. 
Hcibcn, to stav. 

!Dte Duafcr l)abtn immer ben ^ut auf bcm ^cpfc. Xtx 
Kämpfer SBcftfielr) crplotirtc mit met)r al$ jn>cif)untert 2)ten== 
f^en an ^orr. Xie CSbincfen leben meift i)on dlci^. ^on 
ttjem l^aft tu biefe U^r gefauft? 3d) l)abe ffe i^cn ^all, 
33(arf & de. gefauft* &x iftjebr ftol^ auf feine hinten 
2ötr !ommen fo eben auv^ ter od)u(e unb tDolIen nad) §aufe 
öe()en» 53ift tu ein greunb ^^on tiefem 9J?anne? 33on njem 
M't tu Hefen ^rief erhalten ? (Sr ift i?on einem 35etter i^on 
mir» Xäglid) fcmmen Her (vintiMuterer an au^3 allen Xbei^ 
len ijon Europa. 2DiÜft tu mit mir ^eben ? 3cl) irill mit 
tir ge^en ^u teinem Brüter, aber ni(!)t tn'^ X^eater. £^(;ne 
2(nftrengung fbnnen mx dM)t^ lernen» Sd) bin ebne ^pülfe 
fertig geworten mit meiner ^(rbeit. SSo ift ^einri^ ? 3ft 
er im ©arten ? 9letn, er ift Ui feinem greunte^ 3uIiuCv 
gür n?en ftnt tiefe 3tiefel ? Sie ftnt für meine ^c^mefter. 
Sßoüen Sie auf mid) n^arten ? SSenn id) 3^^^ f)ätte, fo wollte 
td) auf Sie warten ; id) bin aber augenblicflid) fe(;r befd)af^ 
tigt. 2Bo warft tu, alö ii^ tid) rief? :i;u mugt ()eute ^u 
^aufe Bleiben, tenn ta^3 SBetter ift ;^u f^Ie^t* SSir fef)nen 
unö na^ beneren ^tiUn. (5^3 ift weife xtä^t oft an ten Xot 
ju teufen ;_tenn niditö ift unftdnrcr al$ taö ?eben, unb 
nid)ta gewiiier al^ ter Xot, ^ift tu Böfe auf mii^ ? 3d) 
bin fef)r bbfe auf ticb. 2Darum bift tu bange öor il)m? 3d) 
Un nic^t bange öor if)m, aber er ift bange ^or mir. 3cb bin 
^n 3^nen gef^icft, um ^u erfabren, ob Sie mit un^3 einen 
5(u^fiug nac^ %ihan^ mad)en wollen. 



182 Sel;rbuc^ ter cnglifi^en 8prad)c. 

Sejeftiitf 1. 

PRINCE HENRY. 

1. Henry, Prince of "Wales, was the eldest son of 
Henry lY, King of England. In liis youth he "was 
very wild and riotous,^ and, mingling ^ ^Yith. low com- 
panions, was led ^ by them into base ^ and disgracefuP 
acts. 

2. One of his unworthy associates ^ was, upon a cer- 
tain occasion ^ broiight before the ctiief justice,^ and 
being found guilty, was about to be sent to prison. 
The prince came into court,^ and insisted ^° that the 
man should be released ;^^ the judge (whose name was 
Gascoigne), said that he was swom*^ to do justice, and 
that he would not break tho laws, cven in favor of the 
prince. 

3. üpon this Henry became violent,^^ and at- 
tempted ^^ himself to set the prisoner free. But the 
Chief justice commanded him to stop, and to cease 
from ^^ such riot.^*^ This so enraged ^' the prince that 
he stepped up to the judge, and gave him a blow ^^ 
upon the face. 

4. The judge then addressed the prince, " Sil', I 
pray you to remember that this seat of judgment ^^ is 
not mine, but your father's ; to him you owe ^''^ obedi- 
ence. If his laws be thus despised -^ by you now, who 
will obey you when you are sovereign,^^ or administer ^^ 
the laws which you shaU make ? For this attempt,^^ 
in your father's name, I commit ~^ you to prison, there 
to be kept tili his pleasure ^° be known." 

5. Prince Henry was abashed ~' by the rebuke ; ~^ he 
stood mute,^^ and looking upon the judge, presently ^^ 
laid down his sword, aud having^ bowed humbly, de- 
parted ^^ to prison. When the Bng heard of what had 
passed, he rejoiced^^ that he had a son who could thus 
submit"'^ to his laws, and that he had a judge who could 
so fearlessly administer ^^ them. 

6. When his father died, the prince came to the 



5)räportttcucn» (Eonjunftionen* 183 

throne, uncler the name of Heniy V, and they wlio 
knew of his former riotous life, were yery anxious"^ to 
see how he would act as king. 

7. Shortlj affcer he was crowned, nianj of his people 
came to pay theh' respects ^*^ to him. Among the rest 
came some of his wild companions, confident^^ that 
now they shonld be his chief favorites.^^ 

8. The king soon showed that he was wiser than he 
had been. Ho rebuked them gi-avely ^^ for their mis- 
conduct/'^ and forbade them to come within^^ ten miles 
of his person, tili they had proved by their behavior ^^ 
that they had learned better manners ; biit lest ^^ they 
should be led to exil courses'^ by want/^ he appointed 
to them**^ a sufficient allowance^^ to keep them in what 
was necessary for their hving. 

9. After these came before him Sir John Gascoigne, 
fearful ^^ what reception '^^ he might have. But the 
king quickly reassured^^ him, thanking him for his 
former firmness, and bidding ^^ him retain "^ the 
office^^ he discharged^^ so worthily. "Should it 
happen," ^^ said he, " that hereafter a son of mine 
shonld behave as I did, may I have a chief justice 
as bold^'^ and faithful as you to reprove''' and cor- 
rect him." 

* auafi^wcifenb, ^ sjerfe(}rcnb, ^ j^^^^^ i^-rleitet, * gemein, ^ Cittcl>renb, 
^ ®efäf)rten, ' ©ele9cnt)eit, * D6crrid)ter, ^ ©ertc^tiS^of, '" tcilanb barauf, 
^^ freigelaffen, ^* beeibtgt, ^^ ^eftig, '^ öerfud)te, '* abjutMen öon, ^^ unge=* 
fe^Ud)c^ ©e&a6rem ^^ fet?tc in 2ßut(), '« Sd)lag, ^^ Dtiduerftu^l, 20 f^^ulben, 
21 i)erad)tet, 22 i^errfc^cr, 2." aucfü^rcn, ^4 ^^xiud) {^niAlacC), ^= überant=- 
»orte id), ^j 23^^^, ^t I^ef^ämt, ^^ 3ure^tiDcimng, ^^ ftumm, so ^^lö^n*, 
21 ging fort, ^' freute er ftd?, 23 unternjerfen, ^ I)anb:^akn, ^^ begierig (ge== 
fpannt), ^^ i^m i^re 5tufn>artunvi ^,u mad^en, ^^ fe|l ücrtrauenb, ^s ©ünftlinae, 
3« er fc^alt fie atteö emftcd, ^o fc^Iecöter ßeben^roanbel, ^' innerhalb, ^ sBe- 
ncbmen, ^^ bümit md)t, •" U\i Sßegc, ^^ ani Slrmut^, ^^ ^[^^ f^ j^j^^j^ ^j^^ 
^^ eine ^inreid)enbe Unterflü^ung, ^* tcforgt, ^^ (Smpfang, '^^ krubtgte, ^^ te* 
feMenb, ^^ behalten, ^^ ^(jj^f^ 04 sjernjaltete, " foKie c$ fid) jutragen, " uner^ 
fi)ro^en, =' tabeln. 



184 Se^rbud) ter englif^en «Spraye* 

ßciepürf 2. 

DUKE OF ALBA'S BREAKFAST. (^erjcg Stl&a'e ^rü^ilücf.) 

1. In the year 1547, wlien the Emperor Charles V 
was passing througli Thuringia, the widowed ^ Count- 
ess Katharina, of Schwarzburg, a princess of the house 
of Henneberg, obtained ^ from him a letter of safe- 
guard.^ This was, in other words, a promise of pro- 
tection to her subjects ^ from the depredations^ of the 
Spanish armj in their march through her territory.^ 
In retum for this,' and in consideration^ of a fair paj- 
ment,'-' she engaged ^^ to have bread, beer, and other 
proYisions sent from Eudolstadt for the use of the em- 
peror's troops. 

2. She took precaution,^^ however, to have^^ abridge, 
which was close upon the town, hastily j)ulled down ^^ 
and put up again^^ at a greater distance, in order that^^ 
the close proximity^^ of the town might not lead her 
rapacious ^'^ guests into temptation.-^* Permission was 
also given to the inhabitants of the Tillages through 
which the soldiers passed to take shelter,^^ with their 
valuables,^^ in the castle of Eudolstadt. 

3. In the meantime, the Spanish general, the Duke 
of Alba, approached ^^ the town, accompanied by Hein- 
rich Ton Braunschweig and his son, and sent a mes- 
senger^^ in advance^^ to invite himself to breakfast with 
the Countess of Schwarzburg. So modest^^ a request,^^ 
made at the heacl ^^ of an army, could not well be re- 
fused. 

4. " ^liat the house contains ^^ is at your Service," 
was the answer. At the same time the emperor's safe- 
guard was mentioned,-* and the Spanish general was 
reminded '^ of the necessity of a scrupulous '^ observ- 
ance ^^ of it. A friendly reception and a well-covered 
table awaited the duke at the Castle. He was obhged^^ 
to confess^^ that the Thuringian lady kept a good 
kitchen, and well maintained"^^ the laws of hospitali ty.^^ 
But scarcely were they seated,^^ when a Courier called 



yraporiticncn. Gcnjuufticncn. 185 

tliG countcss from tlic room, and informcd ^''^ her tliat 
in some TÜlages on the road the Spanish soldiers Lad 
used violence,'"' and Lad driven away tliG cattle "^ of 
tlie peasants.-^"^ Katharina was the mother of her 
people ; what befell the poorest of her subjects, she 
looked upon in the same Kght as thongh it had hap- 
pened to hersclf. 

5. Greatlj displeased,"^ therefore, Tvith this breach 
of promise/^ but preserving ^^ her presence of mind,^^ 
she comnianded her whole household to arm ^^ them- 
selves in all haste and silence, and firmlj to holt ^^ the 
Castle gates. She then retumed to the hall where the 
princes were at the table, and complained'*' to them in 
the most moYing terms ^' of the outrage ^^ which had 
been reported to her, and of the manner in which the 
emperor's promise of protection had been violated.^^ 
Her guests laughed, and ansv/ered that it was the nsage 
of war,^^ and that in the march of an armj such little 
incidents^^ were not to be guarded against.'^^ 

6. " We will See about that," ^^ the countess replied. 
" My poor subjects," she continued, " must have their 
own^^ again, or," raising her Yoice^^ in a determined^*^ 
manner, " piinces' blood must flow for oxen's blocd !" 

7. With this conclusive ^' declaration she left the 
apartment, which was in a few moments filled with 
armed men, who, swords in band, but with all respect, 
placed themselyes behind the seats of the princes and 
served ^^ the breakfast. At the entrance of this war- 
like band,^^ the Duke of Alba changed color;<^^ in 
silence and amazement'''^ he and his companions looked 
at each other. Cut off*^^ from the armv, surrounded 
by a multitude ^^ superior ^^ in number and strength, 
what remained^^ to him but^*^ to summonup patience,*^' 
and to satisfy the offended*^^ lady upon any terms/^ 

8. Heinrich von Braimschweig, his companion, first 
regained '"^ his composure,'^ and broke out into a loud 
fit of laughter. He scized upon" the prudent ex- 
pedient'^ of turning'^ the whole proceeding" into 
merriment,'^ and began an encomium ''^ upon the 



186 Sel^rbuc^ ter enöUfc^en (Spracf)e, 

motherlj care of the countessfor lier people, and the 
resolute courage she had shown. He begged her to 
calrn' ' her anxiety,''^ taking it upon hiraself to persuade 
the Duke of Alba to all that vras just, and, in fact,'^ 
prevailed upon him ^^ to dispatch ^^ an order at once 
to the army, that the plundered cattle should be re- 
stored ^' forthwith ^'^ to their owners. As soon as the 
countess heard of the restoration,^^ she thanked her 
guests gi'aciouslj,^^ and thej took their leave of her 
Tvith much politeness. 

9. Doubtless it was this adventure which obtained 
for the Countess Katharina of Schwarzburg the sur- 
name '^^ of the Yalorous.^' She is still celebrated ^^ for 
her steadfast^^ actiyity in promoting'^ the Eeformation 
in her country, in abolishing '-'^ monastieism,'^' and in 
improving tlie education of her people. To many 
Protestant preachers, wlio had to undergo '^" persecu- 
tion'^^ on account of their religion, she estended ^^ 
shelter and Support. 

SCHILLEK. 



^ scrnjittföct» 2 erhielt, ^ (S^n^^mf, ^ Untert^ancn, ^ gciucn bie 3}crfcecrun* 
(^en, ^ ®ebiet, " ^um Xanf tafür, ' in SInbctrad't, ^ einer bübfrf^en ®clMuinme, 
^ö ma*te fie ftc^' ankifcf^tg, ^^ ]it traf bie iöcrftcfctemapregcl, '^ abbred^en 
ju laffen, '^ »iebcr auffd^Iagen ju laffen, ^^ bamit, ^^ bie grc^e ??a^e, ^^ raub^ 
füitige, '" SJcrmcbung, '= 3u''luc^t \u nehmen, ^^ SBertbfacben, -° naberte fic^, 
2J Scte, ^- scrauö, ^3 ^efc^eiben, ^ 23itte, ^5 3ptf e, ^' »crmag '(entbalt), 
2" würbe crtüä^nt, ■■^' erinnert an, ^3 getriiTenbaft, -'' ^^c^adnunc^, "^ er irar ge^* 
nötbigt, "i gcileben, '-^ ^ielt, " ©aüfreunbfcfjaft, ^^ faum f>attcn fie jlc^ gefett, 
^ tt>eiltc mit, "' @e»aUtt)ätig!eiten serübt batten, 3- 2}icb, 2923^11^^^^ '^" febr 
ung_e^alten ül^er, ^^ SScrtbrüdjigfeit, "" bcirabrenb, ^^ ©eiüe^^gegenwart, ^ bc^ 
iraffncn, ^^ ^u verriegeln, ^^ beflaate ficb, ^' in ben einbrinalicbften 2(ucbrü(fcn, 
4s 3d}anbtf)at, « »erlebt, '» ^rieg^braucb, ^i iß^rfättc, " fiif^ nicbt »crmcibcn 
liefen, ^^ ba5 irollen voix bc(fi feben, " Gigentbum, " ibre Stimme crbebenb, 
^^ entfc{)lcffcn/ " bünbig, ^' auftrugen, ^' biefer friegerifdben Scbaar, ^° Jüecbfcltc 
bie yarbc, " ßrftaunen, " abgefd^nitten, " 2?icnge, " überlegen on, ^^ blieb 
übrig, ^^ al^, ^' fic^ in ®cbulb%u faffen, ®- bcleibigt, *' auf alle unb ;cbe S3e== 
bingungen, '^ gewann iricber, '' ^aiTung, •* griff ^u, '^Sluc-weg, '^ in'a 2äd>er^ 
lidte ^u Rieben, " SJorfall, " Sobrcbe, '" ju "bcfc^n?idstigen, '= ängfllic^e Sorge, 
'^ in ber Xbat, ^ uermcdue cß über ibn, bap, *' ert^eilen, " wiebcrgegebcn, 
^ auf ber Stelle, ^ äurüdcrftattung, '^ bulbvcU, ^^ Söcinamc, " ber llncr^ 
fc^rccfenen, ^' berübmt, ^^ auöbauernb, ^^ ^crberung, ^^ 5lbfcfiaffung, ^- Älo^ 
flcrtrefenß, ^^ ju leiben, ^^ SJerfolgunj, ^^ bct fie. 



(Eoxnlatiu güvnjorter» 



187 



Cefitiou XXIV. 

&vttclatit>c Süttt>yttcr* 

He tüJio, sJie who, tliat icMch. icho tchaf, tJiose icJio, tJiose 
wMchj all that (which), all ivJio (thatj. 

^cbcix^attcn : To pry info, to pore over, to acjree, to 
abound in, to faJce pleasure in, to comply tcitJi, to incur, 
to intrude npon, to taJce hy surprise, to find fault icith, 
to catch hold, to shiver with cold, to answer. 



SBBdcrsSScrjci^ni^, 



taste, ©ef(^mad. 

wholesome, i^cfun^» 

reward, 33cIol}nung» 

furthest, am n?ettcften» 

uppermost, cberfte» 

ßhelf, Süd)crl^ort, 

to associate, um^c^cn. 

disposition,®emütt)c>ftimmung» 

to keep away, fic^ fern valten» 

style of living, Sebettcweifc» 

means, S)citteL 

to believe in, glaut^en an. 

to put on, anjieben. 

to differ, fid) untcrfc^eitcn. 

donkej, GfcL 

box, (Sc^adbteL 

9lcbcn§rirten. 
to pry into, feine ^a\t in ctira5 

ftecfen. 
to concem one's seif, fid) füm^ 

ntem nm. 
busybody, ^vlatfd>fdti?crter. 
to pore over, grübeln über» 
as far as this is concerned, 

tuaö bie5 htrifft» 
to agree, nkreinftimmen. 



legen, 



to suggest, cm'i .«perj 

ratzen (anregen)» 
to aboiind in, Uef^erfln^ l^ahn 

an. 
pai'amount to, grefer» 
to ascertain, in ßrfaf)rung trin^^ 

gen» 
to comply with, nac^fommen, 
as to, jvaö ktriftt» 
suspicion, 5(rgirol)n»' 
to incur, fic^ 3n^ieben. 
displeasure, Ungnate, 

frietenbeit» 
to intrnde upon one's 

Semanren ftoren» 
to take by surprise, 

rafc^en. 
to find fault with, au>;3ufe|cn 

finren ein* 
composition, 3(uffa^» 
to call in, öorfprecben» 
to pass by, i?or6eifcmmen» 
to be given to, ) ergekn 
to be addicted to, ) fein» 
to be stung to the quick, 

tn'ö 50^ ar! getroffen n?er5en. 



Un3U:^ 
time, 
über^ 



188 Sel^rbud) bcr enß(ifd)en Spradjc 

to shiver with, k6en i?or. to answer a purposc, einem 

to catch a fever, fic^ ein j^itkv ^wtdi entfprechen. 

3U3tet)cn. to draw to a close, ju ßnte 

gel}en» 

UcBungg^tefgaBc 1. 

He wlio is contented is rieh. Who is contented is 
rieh. That which is pleasant to our taste is not always 
wholesome. What is pleasant to our taste is not al- 
ways wholesome. She who has done her work best 
will receive a reward. Which book do you want? 
"Will you give me the one which is furthest to the right 
on the uppermost sheK ? I do not like to associato 
with those who are of a sour disposition. Where did 
you buy these handkerchiefs ? Tliose w^hich I bought 
are much finer. All (that) I can teil you is, keep away 
from those whose style of living is above their means. 
All who believe in Christ as the Son of God are called 
Christians. What did John read to you ? Did you 
understand all he said ? "W^ich coat do you want to 
put on to-day ? I shall put on the one I had on yester- 
day. Everything I heard of this man is true. Did 
you teil me everything you know ? In what does a 
horse differ from a donkey ? The bos into which I 
put your hat is here. 

Slcbcnöartcu. — ^A person who always pries into and 
concerns himself with the affairs of others is called a 
busybody. I have been poring over this lesson all 
morning without being able to leam it. As far as this 
is concerned I fully agree with you. I would suggest 
to you the necessity of studying English dihgently, for 
although this country abounds in Germans, yet the 
importance of the English language will always be par- 
amount to the German. Will you ascertain for me how 
much money it will take me to go to Nebraska ? I 
shall take pleasure in complying with your wishes. As 
to what I told you about my suspicions of this man, 
let it remain a secret. I am afi'aid I have incurred 



Gcrrclati^jc gürtvin-ten 189 

your displeasurc. I Lope I am not intrucling upon 
jour time. It seems that this news has taken you by 
surprise. I l'ully agi-eo with yoii, tliat it is easier to 
find fault witli a composition, than do it better your- 
self. Please, call in wlien you pass by again. Some 
people are given to lying, and others are addicted to 
drink. Did you notice, liow he was stung to the quick 
(core) by tliis Insinuation ? Yvill you catch hold of 
this end of the vope, while I throw it over the house ? 
I am shivering with cold, and that is a sure sign that I 
caught a fever. If this gun don't answer your purpose, 
I can get you another. I think it will answer. Our 
journey is fast drawing to a close. 

SÖBricrj5>cr3eiffjnt|]. 

tiMo er mit, what ho pleascs. fjramcn, to grieyc. 

ter ti)xm will, who wants to do. äri]crn, to vex. 

\i\\i er foü, what he ought to i:cr ^elm 3^'i(H-eu, tcn ycars 

do. ago. 

^lütb, distress. errvitkn, to gness. 

ijerlaffen, to forsake. er5al'[en, to reiate, teil. 

3ufrietenkit, contentment. 5(n{5e[ei]enf>cit, matter, 

^jrcifeln, to doubt. ficmad^t, done. 

ftit ^cerlciffcn, to rely on. über mid\ about me. 

getrennt, sejparated. Oeleirigen, to Insult, 

rie Siet'ften, the dearest. törten, to kill. 

wc.i anltxi, what eise. nid^t möj^en, are uot able to. 

cniMrten, to expect. (2cc(e, souL 

betrügen, to deceiye, chcat. i^ielme^r, rather. 

vcrkrfagen, foretell. Sei(\ body. 

eintreffen, to come to pass. ycrrcrbcn, to destroy. 

iinterncbmen, to undei-take. ^oüi, hell. 
I)at er Srfolg (^dwtt, he has 

met with success. 

9lid)t ber ift ein freier Mcn]d), ter tl^nn fann, wa^ er mU, 
font^ern terjcnt je ift frei, ter immer ti)m\ tinll, m^ er folL 
!I)erjemge, t^er 'feinen greuno in ter 9btf) inrlaijen fann, ifi 



190 ^ef)rlmc^ ber cng(if(^cu ®prad)e, 

fein wa^xtx grcunb» 2Bir erl^alten nid)t immer, Ji^aö wir am 
meiften aninfc^en. Xa^, wa^ taö Seben glücf li^ mad)t,_ift 
btc 3ufncten!)cit, 3cl) 5in>eifle, ob irf) mid) auf ten iHrlaiien 
fann, ber mir tk]c ?]ad)rid)t gebradu ()at. 3Bir fmt) turd) 
ten Dcean i^on benjenigen getrennt, bie uno bie ^-iebften jinb» 
21>ae fannft tu anter^ ern^arten i?on bcm, ber Hd) fd)Dn fo 
oft betrogen bat ? 5(lle^^, it»aö er mir i>orl)eröefagt bat, ift ein=j 
getrortcn» 3n Willem, n?a^3 er unternommen l;at,'t)at er (Erfolg 
ge(vibt. 3S?aö mid) am meiften grämt unb ärgert, ift, bag id) 
nid^t fiton i>cr ^e^n 3al)rcn nad) 5Imerifa gegangen bin» 
^-a^^ ift ba^^, ira^ id) ^icr in ber ^$^anb ^abe '^ S^aö fann id) 
nidu errathen. S}e^ bao $er^ i^otl ift, be§ läuft ber 9}^unb 
über. 3c^ ^ihiI bir alleö cr^ä^len, ti^a^3 id) ^^on biefer 5(nge;; 
genannt nunf\ diejenigen, bie i^re ^efticnen gemad)t l;aben, 
fönncn nad) ^paufe ge^en. 2)u (mft mid) burd) ba^^, n^a^ bu 
über mid) gefagt I)viYt, fe^r beleitigt. gürd)tet eud) nidjt t^or 
benen, tk ben'^eib ti3bten, unb bie (Seele nid)t mögen tobten. 
gürd)tet eud) aber ine!mel;r i^or bem, ber Seib unc "^^celc i:cr^ 
berben mag in bie .po((e. 

Öcfcftiicf 1. 

THE LITTLE MAN IX BLACK. (Daa mämä^tn in ec^tüarj.} 

1. Soon after my grandfather, Mr. Lemuel Cockloft, 
had quietlj settled timself ^ at tlie hall, and just aboiit 
tlie tinie that tlie gossips"' of tlie neigliborhood, tired of 
prying into ^ liis affairs, were anxious for ^ some new 
tea-table topic/ the busj Community ^ of our little yil- 
lage was tlirown into ^ a grand turmoil ^ of curiosity 
and conjecture^ — a Situation very common to little gos- 
siping yillages ^° — by tlie sudden and unaccountable ^^ 
appearance of a mysterious individual. 

2. The object of this solicitude ^^ was a little black- 
looking man of a foreign ^^ aspect,^^ who took posses- 
sion of an old building, which, having long had the 
reputation^^ of being haunted,^*^ was in a state of 
ruinous desolation,^* and an object of fear to all true 
believers of ghosts.^^ He usually wore a high sugar- 



(Sorrelatiöe 2ünt)ürtei\ 191 

loaf ^^ hat witli a narrow brim,^^ and a litilo black 
cloak, Avhicli, short as ho was, scarcely reached below 
his knees. 

3. He sought ^^ no intimacj ^^ or acquaintance with 
any one ; aj^peared to take no interest in the pleasures 
or the Httle broils ^^ of the village ; nor ever talked ex- 
cept sometimes to himseK in an outlandish tongue.^^ 
He commonly carried a large book, covered with 
sheep-skin," linder his arm ; appeared alwajs to be 
lost in meditation ; -'^ and was often met by the peas- 
antry,^' sometimes watching ^^ the davming ~^ of day ; 
sometimes, at noon,"*^ seatecl under a tree poring"^ over 
his volume,"^ and sometimes, at evening, gazing ^^ with 
a look of sober ^^ tranquilHty^^ at the sun as it grad- 
ually ^^ sunk below the horizon. 

4. The good people of the vicinity ^^ beheld ^^ some- 
thing prodigiously ^^ singnlar'^^ in all this ; — a pro- 
found ^^ mystery seemed to hang ^^ about the stranger, 
which, with all their sagacity,^^ they could not pene- 
trate ;^^ and, in the excess ^^ of worldly charity,^^ they 
pronounced ^'^ it a sure sign " that he was no better 
than he should be," — a phraso '^^ innocent enough in 
itself,^^ but which, as applied in common,^'^ signifies ^^ 
nearly everything that is bad. 

5. The young people thought him a gloomy^^ misan- 
thrope, becanse he never joined in^^ their sports ; ^^ the 
old men thought still more hardly of him, becanse he 
followed no trade, ^^ nor ever seemed ambitious ^'^ of 
earning a farthing ; and as to the old gossips, baffled ^* 
by the inflexible ^^ taciturnity ^^ of the stranger, they 
unanimonsly decreed ^^ that a man who could not or 
would not talk was no better than a dumb beast. The 
Httle man in black, careless of ^^ their opinions, seemed 
resolved to maintain ^^ the Uberty of keeping his own 
secret ; and the consequence was that, in a little while, 
the whole village was in an uproar ; — ^for, in httle com- 
munities of this description, the members ^^ have al- 
ways the privilege of being thoroughly ^^ versed,^^ and 
even of meddling, in all the affairs of each other. 



192 ^e^rbuc^ ber cnßlifd)en <B^xad)c 

6. A conüdential ^^ Conference was helcl ono Sunday 
morning after sermon/' at the cloor of the villago 
cliurch, and the character of the unknown fuUy investi- 
gated.^^ The school-master gave as his opinion that 
he was the wandering Jew ; ^^ the sexton '^ was certain 
that he must be a Freemason,'^ from his silence ; a 
thh'd maintained, with great obstinacy,'^ that he was a 
high German doctor, and that the book which he car- 
ried about with him contained'^ the secrets of the 
black-art ; '^ but the most prevaihng''^ opinion seemed 
to be that he was a witch,'*" — a race of beings at that 
time abounding ' ^ in those parts ; ''^ and a sagacious '^ 
old matron from Connecticut j^roposed to ascertain ^"^ 
the fact by sousing ^^ him into a kettle of hot water. 

7. Suspicion,^^ when once afloat,^^ goes with wind 
and tide,^^ and soon becomes certainty. Many a 
stormy night was the little man in black seen, by tho 
flashes of lightning,^^ frisking ^^ and curveting ^' in the 
air npon a broom-stick ; and it Avas always observed 
that at those times the storm did more mischief ^^ than 
at any other. The old lady in particular,^'-^ Yvho sug- 
gested ^^ the hnmane ordeal '-^^ of the boiling kettle, lost 
on one of these occasions a fine brindled-'^ cow, which 
accident was entirely ascribed^^ to the yengeance'^^ of 
the Httle man in black. 

8. If ever a mischievous ^^ hireling ^^ rode his mas- 
ter's favorite horse to a disfcanfc frolic/-'^ and the animal 
was observed to be lame and jaded'-*^ in the morning, 
the little man in black was sure to be at the bottom '•'''' 
of the affair ; nor could a high wind howl through the 
yillage at night but ^*^^ the old women shru^ged up 
their Shoulders, and observed, " the little man in black 
was in his tantruiiis,'' ^^^ In short, he became the 
bugbear ^"^ of every house, and was as effectnal ^'^^ in 
frightening Httle children into obedience and hys- 
terics ^^^ as the redoubtable ^'^^ Raw-head-and-bloody- 
bones himself ; nor could a house wife of the village 
sleep in peace except under the guardianship ^'"^ of a 
horse-shoe nailed to the door. 



Gorrdatii^c günücrtcr, 193 

9. Tho object of tliese clireful ^'^' siispicions remaincd 
for some timo totally Ignorant of tbe wonderful quan- 
clarj ^^^ he liacl occasioned ; ^-'^ bnt he was soon 
doomed^^'^ to feel its effects. An indindual wlio is 
once so unfortunate as to incnr ^^^ tlie odium ^^^ of tlie 
TÜlagc, is in a great measure outlawed^^^ and pro- 
scribed, and becomes a mark ^^^ for injury and Insult, 
particularly if ho has not the power or tho disposition 
to recriminate.^^"' 

10. The little venomous^^*^ passions which in the 
great world aro dissipated ^^" and weakencd by being 
A\^dely diffuscd,^^^ act '^^ in the narrow Hmits ^"-'^ of a 
country-town with collected vigor/-^ and becomc ran- 
Gorous ^^^ in proportion as ^^" they are confined ^'^ in 
their sphere of action.^^^ The little man in black ex- 
perienced the truth of this. Every mischievons ur- 
chin ^-^ returning from school had füll liberty to break 
his Windows, and this was considered as a most 
daring ^'' exploit ; ^-^ for in such awe ^^^ did they stand 
of him, that the most adventurous '^■'^ schoolboy was 
never seen to approach his threshold,^^^ and at night 
would prefer ^^' going round by the cross-roads, where 
a traveler had been murdered by the Indians, rather 
than pass by the door of his forlom ^^^ habitation.^^^ 

11. The only living creature that seemed to have 
any care or affection ^^^ for this deserted ^^'^ being, 
was an old tumspit,^"' the companion of his lowly 
mansion ^^^ and his solitary ^^^ wandering, the sharer ^-^ 
of his scanty^^^ meals, and — sorry I am to say it — the 
sharer of his persecutions. The turnspit, hke his 
master, was peaceable and inoffensive ; ^^^ never known 
to bark at a horse, to growl^^^ at a traveler, or to 
quarrel with the dogs of the neighborhood. He fol- 
lowed close at his master's heels ^^^ when he went out, 
and when he retumed stretched himself in the sun- 
beams at the door, demeaning ^ '^ himself in aU things 
like a civil ^^^ and weli-disposed ^^' turnspit. 

12. But notwithstanding his exemplary deport- 
ment,^^^ he feU likewise under the ill report ^^^ of the 



194: ?ct)rbucl) tcr eußlifc^en (^prac^c. 

village, as being the familiär ^^^ of tlie little man in 
black, and tlie evil spirit that presided ^^^ at bis incan- 
tations.^^^ Tbe old boveP^^ was considered as the 
scene of tbeir unhallowed ^^^ rites/^^ and its barmless 
tenants ^^^ regarded \vith a detestation ^^' which their 
inoffensive conduct never merited. Tbongb pelted^^^ 
and jeered^^^ at by tbe brats^^^ of tbe village, and 
frequently abused ^^^ by tbeir parents, tbe bttle man in 
black never turned to rebuke ^^'^ tbem ; and bis faitbful 
dog, "VYben wantonly^*^^ assanlted/*^^ looked up wist- 
fully^'^^ in bis master's face, and tbere learned a lesson 
of patience and forbearanceJ'^^ 

13. Tbe movements of tbis inscrntable^" being bad 
long been the snbject of speculation at Cockloft-Hall, 
for its inmates ^"^^ were füll as mucb given to wondering 
as tbeir descendants.^^^ The patience ^^ätb wbicb be 
bore bis persecutions particularly surprised them, for 
patience is a virtue but little known in the Cockloft 
family. My grandmother, wbo, it appears, was rather 
superstitious,^*^ saw in tbis bumility ^'^ notbing biit tbe 
gloomy sullenness ^'^ of a wizard,^'^ wbo restrained ^''^ 
bimseÜ for tbe present, in bopes of midnigbt ven- 
geance ; tbe parson ^'^ of tbe "vallage, wbo was a man 
of some reading,^ '^ prononnced it tbe stubborn ^"^ in- 
sensibility ^^^ of a Stoic pbilosopber ; my grandfatber, 
wbo, wortby soul,^'^ seldom wandered abroad ^^^ in 
searcb ^^^ of conclusions,^^^ took a data^^^ from bis own 
excellent beart, and regarded it as the biimble forgive- 
ness of a Christian. But bowever different were their 
opinions as to tbe cbaracter of tbe stranger, they 
agreed^^^ in one particular,^^^ namely, in never intnid- 
ing ^^^ Tipon bis solitude ; and my grandmother, wbo 
was at that time nursing ^^^ my motber, never left tbe 
room without wisely puttin g the large family Bible in 
the cradle ; ^^^ a sure talisman, in her opinion, against 
witchcraft ^^^ and necromancyJ" 



190 



' fid) im ?RuK^ ßcfet't ^attc, ^ ^latfc^f^jueflcrn, ^ i^rc ^^afen ^u jiccfcn in, ^bc 
gicrtß nad), ^ %^tma, ^ Sim^o^uerf^aft, ' geriet^en in, ^ Slufresung (Durc^cin^ 



(Eei-relatbe günvorten 195 

ßnbcr), 9 3Kut^mapung, ''^ flatfdjfüc^t^, " unBcgreifli^, 'niuru^iw ^^fremb(auö^ 
läubifc^), '■* 5leut3erc, '^ Oluff "^ bau e^ barin fpuftc, ^^ cinco gär^l^cn 3}cr=' 
faü5, ^=^ für alle tra'^ren Sln^änger be5 ©cifterijlaukn^, '^ ^ucferbutförmig, 
-•^Ärcmpe, ^Mud)te, 22 ^^reunbfduft, -^ 3treitigfcUcn, -Mn einer fremben 3prad;e, 
^Hn oc^afe^eber gebunben, -'^ 33ctrac^tun9, '^' süaucrn/ ^^ becbad*tcnb, "Stnbruc^, 
2° 2)Utta9, ^^ grübelnb, ^'- Jöüc^erbanc», ^•'^anfd}aucnb, ^ ernil (nü*tern), ^^ 0iu§c, 
3s aümalicj, 2' 9iad)barfc^aft, ^^ erblitften, ^^ wunbcrCvr, ^" 2}ccrfa>ürbige^, '*' lief, 
^ fc^weben, ^^ Scbarffmn, ^ cr^rünben, ^'^ Ileberma^, ^^ ©ütc, ^' crflärten fie, 
^ Otebenöartr ^^ an ficf», ^o j^^i^. ^i^ gcirö^nlid) angcföcnbet mirb, ^^ bebeutet, 
^2 finftcr, '"^ m1:!m Zijcil, ^* iBergnügungen, ^^ ©ererbe, ^'^ eftrgei^ig, "»erftcrt, 
^s unbeugfam, ^^ Sd}n?eigfamfeit, ^'^ befd)lDiTcn, '^^ unbefümmcrt um, ^^ ,y j,£^ 
l^aupten,^ »^^ ©Heber, ^^ grünbltd}, ^^ »crtraut, •^'^ »ertraut (gebcim), *'" gJrebigt, 
*^ unterfu^t, ^' bcr endige Sube, '''^ Mfkx, ''^ i^reimaurer, '^ ^alßilarrigfeit, 
'2 enthielte, ''■* «Sd^war'^funil, ''^ »orl^errfc^enb, " ^crenmciftcr, ' ' reic^li(^ uer^ 
treten, '^ ©egenben, '^ fd)arf finnig, ^'^in ermitteln, ^' baburd>, ba§ fie i^n ftedten, 
^- 3trgtt>c:^n, ^^ einmal erregt, ^-^ Slutb, '^ SU^^ftrabtcn, '"^ tanjcnb, *' rei^ 
tcnb, ^8 Unheil, ^^ befonbcrC>, ^^^ in 5lnregung traute, ^^ Feuerprobe, 3- geflecft," 
5-^ jugefc^riebcn, ^^ jRad^c, »^ mut^roiüig, ^^ 5}?iet{)^'fncd^t, 9' luftige^ ©elage, 
^ä abgejagt, " n?ar gen.ng fÄuIb au ber ©cfcbidne, ^^^ ha^ md)t, ^°i bijfc 
5?aune, ^'^- od}re(!acfpcnit, ^^^ wirffam, ^^^ frampft^afted SBeinen, ^o^ ^^xtä" 
Vii), ^05 ec^u^, ^07 fduuber^aft, ^^^ 2}er»irrung, ^^^ i^eranlagt, ^^o ^^^^ 
«rt^eilt, ^^^ ju^u^ielien, ^^' Slbncigung, ^^^ öcgclfrei (auperf^alb be3 ©efe^eö 
f!e^enb), '^* Bielfd^cibe, "^ ©egenanflage ju erbeben, ^'*^ giftig, "' »crrauc^en 
(fut jerilreuen), ^^* baburd*, ta-^ fic fi^ ireit um{)cr perbreiten, "^ treten auf, 
^^•^ ©reujen, ^-' mit ecncentrirtcr Ärafr, ^-- bbcartig, '-^ je na*bem, ''^^ be== 
fc^ränft, 1-5 SSirfungefrei^^, '-^ ^nirpv^ i^' fübn, ^-^ iG?agftücf, '^a c^yr^j^t, 
^^° »ag^alfig, ^^i ^djn^eUc, ^"^»orüeben, ^^^ir.be, ^^ 33cbaufung, ^^^ Bimeigung, 
^3^ perlaffen, ^^' ^pieprocnbcr (eine 2irt §unbe, bie man ,um 2Bcnben bcd i^pie== 
f5e3 perti>enbete, an bem Slcifd» geröftct tuurbe), ^^^ äBcbnung, ^^^ einfam, 
^•^^SJZitgencffe, ^^^fpärlidv i'*^ I>armIo3, ^^^f^urren, ^*i Werfen, ^^^ fic^ auffübrenb, 
^^ö ^öTlicf), 1^^ tl)ct:^(gennnt, '^^ 3tufTü^rung, ^-^^ bijfcr 5Ruf, '^"ißertraute, ^^'bcn 
iBorfin'w^r^f' ^^* 28efc^iDi?rungen, ^^^elenbc t)ütte, ^^-^unbeilig, gottloö, ^"©e^ 
bräud}e, ^^'^ Setro^ner, ^^' SIbfdbcu, ^^^ mit Steinen benDcffcn, ^^^perfpcttet, 
^^° jRangen, ^°' perungtimpft, ^^'^ SJcrtüürfe madjen, ^'^ mutbn?ittig, ^" an=' 
gcgrirren, '^'^ fcrfcbenb, ^^^ 9^ad^^tdn, ^^' unburdbbringlic^, '^-^ JBe»c!<ner^ ^^^ ^ady 
fommen, ^ '" abergiäubifcb, ^'^ 2)emut^, ^'' ©erf^Ioffen^eit, '"'^ tauberer, ^'^]i6) 
prücf^iett, ^'5 9)farrer, ^ '^ wo'^tbelefen, ^" eigenftnnig, ^'^©efüpoftgfeit, ^"'gute 
©cele, ^^''weit wanbcrte, ^-' um ^u fucBen na*, '--<£^lu§felgerungen, ^^^^yclge^ 
rung, '^ flimmte übercin, '" in einem befcnbercn ?Dunftc, "^^^ ba§ fte ibn nie 
jlijrtcn in, ^^' bie Srui'^ gaö, ^'^ Stiege, ^^3 ^auberfünile, '^'^ 5?efromantie. 

öcfcilütf 3. 

THE LITTLE MAX IX BLACK. (3d:Iui;.) 

1. One stormy winter night, when a bleak northeast 
wind moaned ^ aboiit tlie cottages, and liowled around 
the village steeple," my grandfather was retuiTiing from 
club, preceded by ^ a servant with a lantern. Just as 



196 Scl^rBuc^ tcr cnglifc!)en 8prad}e* 

he arrived opposite ^ ihe desolate abode ^ of the little 
man in black, he was arrested '^ bj the piteous * howl- 
ing of a dog, which, heard in the pauses of a storm, 
■was exquisitely^ mournful ;'^ and he fancied^^ now and 
then that he caught^^ the low and broken groans^^ of 
some one in distress.-^" 

2. He stopped for some minutes, hesitating^^ be- 
tween the benevolence ^^ of his heart and a Sensation 
of genuine delicacj/*^ which, in spite of his eccentri- 
citj/' he fully possessed, and which forbade him to 
pry into ^^ the concerns ^'^ of his neighbors. Perhaps, 
too, this hesitation-^ might have been strengthened by 
a little taint ^^ of superstition ; - for surely, if the un- 
kno^n had been addicted ^^ to witchcraft,-^ this was a 
most XDropitious ^^ night for his vagaries.^*^ At length 
the old gentleman's philanthropy " predominated ; ^^ 
he api^roached the hovel, and pushing open the door — 
for poverty has no occasion ^^ for locks and keys — be- 
held, by tlie light of the lantern, a scene ^^ that smotc 
his generous heart to the core;^^ 

3. On a miserable bed, with palhd"" and emaciated^'^ 
yisage^^ and hollow ej^es, in a room destitute^^ of every 
convenience,"'^ without fire to warm or friend to coun- 
sel ^^ him, lay this helpless mortal,^^ who had been so 
long the terror ^^ and wonder of the yillage. His dog 
was crouching^^ on the scanty coyerlet,^^ and shiyering 
with^^ cold. My grandfather stepped softly and 
hesitatingly to the bedside and accosted ^^ the forlorn 
sufferer in his usnal accents'^^ of kindness. The little 
man in black seemed recalled ^^ by the tones of com- 
passion^*^ from the lethargy'^' into which he had 
fallen ; for, though his heart was almost frozcn, there 
was yet one chord ^^ that answered to the call of the 
gooci old man who bent over him ; the tones of sym- 
pathy, so novel^^ to his ear, called back his wander- 
ing ^" senses, and acted ''^ like a restorative ^' to his 
soHtary^^ feelings. 

4. He raised his eyes, but they were vacant ^^ and 
haggard.^^ He put forth his band, but it was cold. 



Gcrvclatbc güwörtcr, 197 

He essayed ^^ to speak, biit tho soimd (licd away"'" in 
liis throat. He pointed to his moutli with an expres- 
sion of dreadful ^^ meaning,^'-^ and, sad to relate ! ^'^ my 
grandt'ather understood tliat tbe harmless stranger, 
d.-serted °^ by society,*^^ was perisbing with ^^ linngcr ! 
With the quick impulsc''^^ of humanity he dispatched^^ 
the servant to tho hall for refreshment. A littlo warm 
nourishment renovated ^'^ him for a short time, but not 
long. It was evident ^' his j)ilgrimage Avas drawing to 
a close,'^^ and he was about entering that peaceful asy- 
lum where " the wicked cease from troubliug." 

5. His tale ^'-^ of misery was quickly told. Infirmi- 
ties ''^ had stolen upon him,'^ heightened '~ by the 
rigors ''^ of the season : he had taken to his bed with- 
out strength to rise and ask for assistance ; — " And if 
I had," said he, in a tone of bitter despondency/^ '' to 
whom should I have applied ? ''^ I have no friend that 
I know of in the world ; the yillagers avoid '^ me as 
something loathsome '' ' and dangerous ; and here, in 
the midst of Christians, should I have perished, with- 
out a fellow-being ''^ to soothe '^ the last moments of 
existence, and close my dying eyes, had not the howl- 
ings of my faithful dog excited ^^ your attention." 

6. He seemed deeply sensible ^^ of the kindness of 
my grandfather ; and at one time, as he looked up into 
his old benefactor's face, a sohtary tear was observed 
to steal adown ^^ the parched ^^ fuiTows ^^ of his cheek. 
Poor outcast ! ^^ — it was the last tear he shed ; but I 
Warrant ^^ it was not the first by millions ! My grand- 
father watched by him all night. Toward moming he 
gradually declined,^^ and as the rising sun gleamed 
through the window, he begged to be raised in his bed 
that he might look at it for the last time. He contem- 
plated ^^ it for a moment with a kind of religious en- 
thusiasm, and his hps moved as if engaged ^'-^ in 
prayer.^*^ 

7. The stränge conjectures ^^ conceming ^~ him 
rushed^^ on my grandfather's mind : "He is an idol- 
ator ! ^^ thought he, " and is worshiping ^^ the sun ! " 



198 2e{)rButf) ter englifc^en (Sprache. 

He listened a moment, and bluslied ^*^ at his own un- 
charitable ^' suspicion : he was only engaged in the 
pious devotions '-'^ of a Christian. Bus simple orison '-'^ 
being finished, the httle man in black withdrew ^^'^ his 
ejes from the east, and taking mj grandfather's hand 
in one of his, and making a motion with the other to- 
ward the sun, — " I love to contemplate it," said he, 
" 'tis an emblem ^^^ of the Tiniversal benevolence of a 
true Christian ; and it is the most glorious work of 
Hirn who is philanthropy itself ! '' 

8. My gi'andfather blushed still deeper at his un- 
generous surmises : ^'^^ he had pitied the stranger at 
first, but now he revered ^*^" him. He turned once more 
to regard ^^^ him, but his conntenance ^^'^ had under- 
gone^"^ a change : the holy enthusiasm that had hghted 
up^^'' each feature,^^^^ had given place to an expression 
of mysterious ^^^ import : ^^^ a gleam ^^^ of grandeur ^^^ 
seemed to steal across^^^ his Gothic yisage, and he ap- 
peared füll of some mighty secret which he hesitated to 
impart.^^^ He raised the tattered^^' night-cap that had 
sunk almost over his eyes, and waving ^^^ his withered^^* 
hand with a slow and feeble expression of dignity^^^ — 
"In me," said he, with laconic ^^^ solemnity,^^*^ — "in 
me you behold the last descendant ^-^ of the re- 
nowned^^^ Lixkum Fideliüs! " 

9. My grandfather gazed at him with reverence ; ^^" 
for though he had never heard of the illustrious^-^ per- 
sonage thus pompously^-^ announced, yet there was a 
certain black-letter ^^"^ dignity in the name that par- 
ticularly Struck his fancy,^-' and commanded'^'^ his 
respect. "You have been kind to me," continued the 
little man in black, after a momentary ^-^ pause, " and 
richly will I requite ^^° your kindness by making you 
heir ^^^ to my treasures ! ^^' In yonder large deal box'^-^ 
are the volumes^-^ of my illustrious ancestor,^^^ of which 
I alone am the fortunate possessor. Inherit them,^"'' 
ponder ^^' over thcm, and be wise ! " 

10. He grew faint^"^ with the exertion^^^ he had 
made, and sunk back almost breathless onhis pillow.^^'^ 



Gorrelatbc gürjtjorter, 199 

His liand, which, inspired ^^^ with tlie importanco of 
liis subject/^- he Lad raised to my grandfatlier's arm, 
slipped from liis hold/'^ and feil over tlie side of tlio 
bed, and liis faithful dog licked ifc, as if anxious to 
sootlie the last moments of his djing master, and tes- 
tifyi^^ his gratitude to the hand that had so often 
cherished ^^^ him. The untaught^^*^ caresses ^^^ of the 
faithful animal were not lost lipon his dying master : 
he raised his langiiid ^^^ ejes, turned them on the dog, 
then on my grandfather, and having given this silent 
recommendation — closed them forever. 

11. The remains ^^^ of the httle man in black, not- 
withstanding the objections of many pious people, 
were decently ^^^ interred ^^^ in the churchyard of the 
TÜlage ; and his spirit, harmless as the body it once 
animated,^^^ has never been known to molest a living 
being. My grandfather complied,^^^ as far as possible, 
with his last request : he conveyed ^^^ the Tolumes of 
Linkum FideHns to his library ; ^^^ he pondered over 
them frequently ; but whether he grew wiser, the tradi- 
tion doth not mention. This much is certain, that his 
kindness to the poor descendant of Fidelius was am- 
p^yi56 rewarded by the approbation^^* of his own heart, 
and the devoted ^^^ attachment ^^^ of the old tumspit, 
who transferred^*^*^ his affection from his deceased mas- 
ter to his benefactor, and became his constant attend- 
ant.^*^^ And thus was the Cockloft library first enriched 
by the invaluable ^'^ folios of the sage ^°^ Linkum Fide- 
lius. 

Waskington Ikttn-g. 

1 jlö^nte, 2 ^irc^tfiurm, ^ aorauö, ^ gegenüber, ^ gSe^jaufung, ^ aufgc^ 
:^alten, ^ fläglicb, ^ Qu^crft, ^ traurig, '« er meinte, ^^ s?ernal)m, '^ ecuf5cr, 
13 ^Q% 14 fd)roanfenb, ^^ SBcMwcUcn, ^^ eAte3 S^rtgefü^I, ^^ ercentrti*e5 
©cfen, 18 fi^ ju mifcf^en in, ^^ ^x^a,zkci,m\)im% ^o Zaubern, ^i 9(nrlug, 
22 5tbergtauben, 23 jj^f, abgegeben ptte, 24 3auberfünfle, 25 günilig, 26 tri(be^ 
2;reiben, ^' menfcbenfreuntlicbcr oinn, 2s gewann bie Cber^anb, 29 ©ebraucb, 
30 Slnblicf , 31 ber fein eblea ^er^ bia inö Snnerjle erfcbütterte, 32 tiei^f,, ss ^^^^ 
gemagert, ^ ©efic^t, 35 entblögt ijon, 36 «Bcquemlic^feit, 37 trö|len, 3s eterb^ 
\\iji, 39 (S^recfen, ^^ lauerte ',u|ammen, ^^ SSettbecfe, ^ bebenb sor, ^3 ^ebcte 
an, 4^ 2on, ^^ ju fic^ ju fcmmen, ^^ 2??itrcib, ^^ ©eiile^ftumpTleit, ^^ e^ite, 



200 



^el)rl)ud) ter enälif^cu ^prad)e. 



4' frcmb (neu), ^^ i^erflrcut, ^^ irirftcn, ^^ SBeleBunggmittcI, -^ ©efüH bcr 3?cr^ 
h!Ten()eit, ^fticr, ^^eingefallen, ^'^öcrfuc^te, "erjlarb, ^M%tdfUc^, ^^ 33ebeutuni3, 
'^o er^af)Ien, " öcrlaffen, ^- i^cn bcr meni'd>lic^en @efcllf*aft, " umfam scr, 
" sintrieb, ^^ |-(f,i(jte er ab, ^^ bclct'te i{)n »icbcr, ^' augen)'d»cinli^, *** ncikrtc 
fiii) bem Snbe, '^^ ®efc^id}te, '" ilranf Reiten, '^ Mttcn fic^ kitbm cinöefd^li^ 
^en, '2 er^c^t, " Strenge, '^ 23cr^ißeiftung, " an wen batte id} mic^ ivcnben 
foöen, "'^ meiben, '' Gfelf^afteö, '« 2Jiitgeid;cpf, " linbcrn/ ^'^ erregt, &' burd)^ 
brungen öcn, ^^ nicberfd)lctc^en, " trelf, ^^ Oiun^ct, ^^ S^erftc^cner, 
^^ id) bin gut bvifür (id) wette), " nabmen feine ilräfte allmäüg ah, 
^s betrad^tete, ^^ befd)äftigt, 5'' ©ebct, ^^ a%tbma§ungen, ^^ jctreff^ feiner, 
3^ brängten ficb, ^4 ®;j'g,enbiener, ^= betet an, ^"^ errettete, s' lieblca, ^« Stnbac^tö* 
Übungen, 9' ©ebet, ^^^ töenbete ah, '^^ ©innbilb, ^'^'^ S>ermutf»ungcn, ^^^ j,.^^ 
c^rte, i°i anblicfcn, ^o^ SrntUf., ^^^ i^^tte crfabren, ^^^ terflärt ^atte, 'o- ®cfid)tc^ 
i^ug, '<^3 ge^ein^nip^otl, 1"^ S'ebeutung, ^^^ vicbimmer; ©lan?, ^'"^ Grbabenbcit, 
J'3 festen fid) un^ermerft \u legen, "-^ mituit^eilen, ^^^ verlumpt, "^ fc^wenfenb, 
117 jT^eif^ 118 iSürbc, 119 lafonifd) (für?), ^^o ^eierlic^feit, ^-^ Sprößling, '22 ^e^ 
rübmt, 1-3 g^rfurd)t, ^-^ berühmt, ^-'^ ^od)trabenb, ^^^ »ergilbt (b- i. gefcbrieben 
in altenglifd)er cber gotbifc^er S^rift), ^'''^ wunbcrbar sorfam, ^^^ abni^lbigtc, 
1" fur^, momentan, ^'^^ vergelten, ^^i (y]-be, ^^^ ^cbvi^e, ^^3 j^^fien ton Si^bren^ 
bol^, ^^ SSänbe, ^^^ SScrfa^r, ^^ö ^imm fte alb bei« Srbe, ^^'' beute nad), 
13* "fd)n)ad), ofjnmäcbtia, '^a 5tnj!ren<^ung, ^^ Äc^^ffinen, ^^^ erfüllt, "^ ®egen-= 
flanb, 1« Iie§ it)ren ^alt fabren, ^-^ bezeugen, i'*^ gepflegt, ^-^^ nic^t angelernt, 
1^" 2iebfofungen, '-^^ matt, ^-^^ Ueberrefte, ^■''^ anftänbig, ^^^ beerbigt, i^- befeeltc, 
i°3 lam uac^, ^^-^ brad)te, ^^^ Siblictl)ef, ^^'^ reid)lic^, ^^'^ Sittigung, ^^^ ^inge^ 
knb, 1^9 äuncigung, i'^'^ übertrug, ^'^'^ Segleiter, ^^^ unfd)ä^bar, i^^^je^sröeij-en. 



Ccfitioii XXY, 



lltttcgclmäfiige ^cittvöttct^ &vniiinUioncni 



Snflnitiö 


Smperfcct 


9)artici5) 


to arise (rise) 


arose 


arisen. 


io Ute 


Ut, 


bitten. 


to break 


broJce 


b rohen. 


to bring 


brought 


brougJä. 


to huild 


Imilt 


bidlt. 


to bimi 


j burnt 
\ burned 


burnt. 


hurnecL 


to bmj 


bought 


bought. 


to catch 


caugld 


cauglit. 


to clioose 


cliose 


chosen. 


to come 


came 


come. 


to cost 


cost 


cost. 



lluvcßclmäjjiöc 3cittt)örtcr. Gcnjunfticucn. 201 

Snfimti» Smpcrfcct ^-^articip 

to cid eilt ciif. 

to do did done. 

to drinh dranh dninJc. 



to dicell 



) dwelt dwelt. 

\ dwelled dicelled. 



to eat afe eaten, 

to faU feil fallen, 

to fight foucjltt fougltt. 

to find found found. 

to forget forgot forgotten, 

to for salze forsooh for sahen, 

to get got got. 

to give gave given. 

to go went gone. 

^mxixWXttioxXCW — wldh^ tili, until, since, hecaiise. 

31 C^CU*S arten ♦ — tohe sorry for, to luatcli for, to groio 
to he, to lie, to lay icithoid (mit tcm ^^articip), to commit 
to memory, to sit down, to he seated, to take a seat, to 
amount to, ougJit. 



gßlirtersS^cqcic^nig. 


to arise, aufftc()Crt, 


in time, ^u rc(^tcr 3eit. 


kittens, Ää^d^cn» 


pine-apple, 3lnanac» 


tnmbler, 3:viulgla3. 


to cut, fd)neiten* 


grocer, Gramer» 


it agrees with you, tu fannfl 


conflagration, ^eucr^Brunfl, 


öertragett. 


block of houses, .^äufergeijtert. 


tipsy, tetninfett. 


dry-goods, ?i}^anufa!tunüaarett. 


to dwell, n?ot)nen. 


to catch cold, fid) eine (XxtäU 


report, ^naü. 


tung 3U5te(^en» 


peas, ßr6fcn» 


to choose, teliekn, iräl^Ien, 


to stiffer from, leiten an. 


cliosen, au^ertuäl)It. 


headaclie, ^opfme^. 


to come to see, Befud^en. 


lately, öor ^urjem. 


member, ?0?itgUeh 


since, ta. 


meeting, 3)crfamm(uncj. 


smart, Huvj. 



202 



?cl)rbuc^ tcr enßltfcf)en Sprache. 



flock, 3d^avir. 

sparrow, Sperling. 

go get, l}cle. 

careful, l^orfid^ttj], 

pre^äous, früher. 

engagement, (Engagement. 

to be sorry, Uil tbun, 

to render assistance, .^ülfe 

leiften. 
to watcli for, lauern auf, n^ar^ 

ten auf. 
opportuuity, (Gelegenheit, 
to grow ol4 alt Jverten. 
to grow out of, tigerten au5. 
Company, @cfe(Ifc(\*ift. 
to bid good bye, SeBeiroI;! 

to linger, ^ögern. 



she lingered, fte lag längs 

franf. 
consumption, 3d)n?intfu6t. 
a lingering disease, eine ]6>kp^ 

pente ilranf(}eit. 
to detect, entcecfen. 
mistake, ^et^Ier. 
to commit to memoiy, auv- 

iventig lernen, 
disconnected, jufammenbangc;: 

Io>j, atgeriffen. 
to be seated, fi($ fc^^en. 
to take a seat, ^(a^ uel^men. 
to Sit down, fid) nietcrfc'^en. 
business transactions, öc^ 

fd^äfte. 
countless, japoö. 
blessing, (B^^nnnc^, 



"Wlien do you arise in tlie morning ? I generally 
rise at six ; yesterday I rose at seven. Has (is) your 
fatlier risen ? He is not yet risen. Your dog bit all 
my kittens. Don't break the tumbler ; you only broke 
one yesterday. Bring me a few oranges. What bas 
tbe grocer brouglit ? He brougbt me some tea and 
cofiee an bour ago. Can you teil me wlio built tbe 
Strasburg Catbedral ? Tlie builder's name is Erwin. 
Tliere was a great conflagration in Forty-sixth Street. 
A wbole block of houses burnt down. I want to buy 
ten yards of silk and fifty yards of muslin. Last year 
I bouglit all my dry goods of Stewart's, but I now buy 
them of Lord & Taylor's. Wbere did you catch 
your cold ? I caugbt it at a picnic in Jones' Wood. 
Take anytbing you cboose. Many are called but few 
are cbosen. I bouglit some stockings and cliose tbe 
finest for you. Wben will you come to see me ? All 
tlie members have come, and we can open the meeting. 
I camo just in time to see the parade. How mueli do 



Unrcöednäfnijc 3citn)i3rtci\ CSonjunftioucn. 203 

tliese pine-apples cost apiece ? Tlioy cosfc ten cents 
apiece ; yesterday tliey cost fifteen. He lias cut a hole 
in liis new coat. Shall I cut somo bread ? No, tliank 
you; I cut some abeady. Wbat are you doing? I 
do wliat 1 did yesterday. My work is done. I have 
done my 'v^'ork. You must not drink more than agrees 
with you. A person wlio lias drunk too much is tipsy. 
"Who dwells in tliis liouse ? I dwelt three years in tliis 
liouse. I liave been dwelling (dwelt) three years in 
tliis house. While I was eating my dinner, I lieard 
the report of a pistol. I ate some fine peas an hour 
and a half ago. You will have to wait tili I have eaten 
my supper. I never suffered from headache imtil 
lately. Since you seem to be so smart, teil me who 
fought the battlo of Leipsic. I shot at a flock of spar- 
rows and three of them feil to the ground. Where did 
you find my keys ? I found them on the stairs. You 
must not forget what I told you about reading books 
in a foreign language. Never fear ! I never forgot 
what was told me. I have forgotten most of my 
French. Go get me a bottle of wine. He gave me 
some good advice. You should be more careful with 
what has been given you. ^Tiere has your cousin 
gone ? He has gone to Europe ; he went to Europe 
last week. All my hopes are gone. I cannot go with 
you to the concert because of a previous engagement. 
I shall not go to Europe because I have no money. 

iRcb entarten. — I am very sorry that I am unable to 
render you any assistance. Charles, are you sorry for 
what you have done ? The cat is watching for the rat 
to come out of his hole. You must watch for another 
opportunity. He is grown very old. She has grown 
to be very handsome. "What do you think will grow 
out of thas ? I am growing tired of his Company. I 
must bid you good-bye, for if I hnger any longer I 
shall be too late for the train. She lingered long be- 
fore she died. Consumption is a lingering disease. 
Be busy at 3'our work. Teil me once again (once more) 



204 



Se^rbud) tcr englifc^en (Zprad)c» 



wliich way I miisfc go. A person wlio lies is a liar. 
Where diel you lay my segars ? I laid tliem on your 
desk, The sj^ade lias lain in tbe rain all night. It 
lay tliere this morning. You must not do that again 
without asking nie. I examined his bill ■«dtliout being 
able to detect a single mistake. You must never com- 
mit to memory disconnected words. Will you comniit 
tliis piece to memory (learn tliis pieco by lieart) ? 
Please be seated, and we will talk this matter over. 
That's right, I T^'ill take a seat near the fire. Won't 
you sit doTvn, too ? Thank you, I have been sitting 
all day. What does all this talk amount to ? You 
ought to have been more careful in your business- 
transactions with this man. We ought to be yery 
thankful for countless blessings. 



2Sörter^3Scr3cicOni)]» 



im fiekn, at seven. 

ntid) in^ö Sein, my leg. 

Prüfte, crust. 

S^rinf^ta^^, tumbler. 

tarauiJ, out of it. 

mlik, was about. 

ßier, eggs. 

a^kenncit, to bum down. 

einen ©efaticn thmi, to tlo a 

favor. 
5Iu^gak, edition. 
ffi}crter6u(^, dictionary. 
Sttt^ug, suit of clothes. 
Srübial)r, spring, 
fid) crfälten, to catch cold. 
leidet, easily. 

fid) loiJreif en, to cut loose. 
33ant, ribbon. 
fort, gone. 



aBfc^neibcrt, to cut off. 

kticnen (Sic f{d>, help yourself. 

tvuin, in it. 

.^cltcnmutb, heroic courage. 

unl cB aud>, and though. 

ircid^en, to give way. 

fortfahren, to continue. 

Hc, until. 

Sieg, -victory. 

erringen, to gain. 

meinen, to think. 

tüd>tig, hard. 

i^crlaffen, forsaken. 

fterkn, to die. 

(vfent, misery. 

(Sdmier yon mir, pupil of mine. 

(Erlauhti^, permission. 

)jf(ücfen, to pick. 



Unreßelmäpißc 3cüit)brter» CSonjunftionciu 205 

Ucüunggs^lufgalJc 2. 

34) ftanb l^cute 2)?oröcn fc^r fpat auf; bic (Sonne n)ar 
fcbon aufcje^angcn. 3nt Söinter ftel)c id) um fteben U()r auf 
unt) im Sommer um fed}<^. 3^ inerte 3^t-en |)unb erfc^ie^^ 
ßen ; er l)at mic^ in'^ 53ein gebiiTen» 5((te ?eute fönnen tie 
Prüfte i^om 53rob ntcftt mcl^r beigen» SSer I)at mein Irinf^ 
(\(aö ^erbroc^en? I;aft bu cö jerbroc^en, gri^? 3d) md)t ; 
äöilbelm ^erbrad) ci?, a(5 er barau^^ trinfen n^oHte» 2Baö 
braute bie grau bir T^cutc 9}Zorgen ? <3ic brad)te mir einen 
^orb (^ier* Söenn 8ie I)cute 3(benb fommen, fo bringen 
(5ie 3bi"en greunb Slu^uft mit. Da^ neue ^auö, bay nnr 
geftern fa^en, brannte bic i^orige d'laä)t ah ; e5 mar an^ hvan^ 
nem (Sanbftein (\^ihmt unb foftete fel)r öiel (55elb. 2öenn bu 
mir einen ©efallen tbun Jt?il(ft, fo faufc mir eine neue 5(uü^ 
(\abt öon ®ebfter'^5 33örterbu(^. 5öo I;aft bu beinen neuen 
5(njug gefauft? 3d) I;abe ibn ba gefauft, wo bu ben beini^ 
gen vorige S}od)e faufteft. 3m grü'^ja^r fann man ftd) kid)t 
erfältem grüf)er erfaltetc id) micb oft, bo^ je^t erfalte id) 
mid) nur feiten* G3e^ unb greif mir ba^3 9)ferb; eö l^at ftd) 
loögeri)ien. SScl^e^^ 'i^on biefen Räubern tt?ürbeft bu n?a^^ 
Icn ? 3d) Mbt fd)on gen?ä()(t. £omm mit mir, mx rooUen 
in'5 Xbeater geben. %ii*> mein trüber fam, Jt?ar id) fcb on 
fort. ' Söotlen Sie mir ein Stücf ^rob abfcbneiben V 3d) 
l)aht ^rob unb gleifd) gefc^nitten. ^ebienen Sie (Bid). 
©er l)at mein @laö SSein getrunfen? §aft bu ei5 get^ait, 
©eorg ? 91ein, id) nid)t. ^er ^at eö benn getrau ? 3d^ 
iveip eö ni^t. 2öie ^iele gamiUen it)oI;nen in biefem |)aufe ? 
grüner mot)nte nur eine gamilie barin ; je^t iro^nen brei barin. 
SBillft bu mit mir effen ? 3c^ banfe, id) \abt fc^on gegejfen ; 
id) ag ijor einer falben Stunbe. !I;ie beutfdben Solbaten 
fochten mit |)e(benmnt(), unb ob aud) Xaufehbe fielen, fo 
mdstn fte bod^ feinen guf^breit, fonbern fuhren fort ju fäm^ 
|)fen, U^ fte ben Sieg errungen batten. ?J?and)e Seute mci^ 
nen, njenn jte bierl)erfommen, fte fi3nnten ba^ ©elb auf ber 
Strafe ftnben. ' Sie Ijaben aber 5llle balb gefunben, bag man 
bier tixd)ii^ arbeiten muf , n?enn man ©elb I;aben tt?iK. S>er^ 
gif nid)t ira^3 id) bir gefagt ])abc. 3d) ^ciU bic 9]ummer ber 
Strafe öergejjen, wo er t^ol)nt. ^on allen feinen greunben 

10 



206 ^ü)xhüd) ttv englif^en (2prad)c. 

i^erlaffen, ftarb er im (Elenb» ®o l^aft tu tte^3 fc^öne neue 
^ud) i)er ? Sei) ()ak eö i^cu einem früt)ern (3d)ü(er i>on 
mir» ©ib mir ein ®Ia0 Skalier; id) bin fet)r turfti^; id) 
])aht l)eute 2)^or^ien nod) nid)t^ getrunfen. 3d) o^ab tir Gr^ 
laubnig in ten (garten ju gelten, id) IjaU tir aber feine (Sr^ 
kubniß ö^gcben, ^irfd)en ju pflüden» 

Scfcpüt! 1. 

A CHILD'S DREA3I OF A STAR. 

(Der 2:raum cineS ilinbca ijcn einem Stern.) 

1. There was once a child, and lie strolled aboiit ^ 
a good deal,^ and thought of a number of tliings.^ Ho 
had a sister, wlio was a cliild too, and his Consta nt ^ 
companion. These two used ^ to wonder ^ all day 
long ; they wondered at tlie deptli of the bright water ; 
they wondered at the goodness and the j^ower" of God, 
who made the lovely world. 

2. They nsed to say to one another, sometimes : 
" Siipposing ^ all the clnldren upon earth were to die,^ 
wonld the flowers, and the water, and the sky/*^ be 
sorry ? " ^^ They believed they woidd be sorry. For, 
Said they, the buds ^^ are the cliildren of the flowers, 
and the little p)layful streams,^^ that gamboP^ down 
the hiU-sides, are the cliildren of the water ; and tho 
smallest bright specks^^ playing at hide-and-seek ^"^ in 
the sky all night, must snrely be the cliildren of the 
stars ; and they wonld all be grieved ^' to see their 
playmates,^^ the children of men, no more. 

3. There was one clear, shining star, that nsed to 
come out in the sky before the rest, near the church- 
spii'e,^^ above the grames. It was larger and more 
beautifiil, they thought, than all the others, and every 
night they watched for it, standing hand in hand at a 
mndow. "^Tioever saw it first, cried out, "I see the 
star ! " And often they cried out both together, know- 
ing so well when it would arise,^^ and where. So they 



Unreöclmagige B^i^^^^'^i'^ci'» Clüuiunftiünen. 207 

grew to be~^ such friencls wifcli it that, before Ijing 
down in their beds, they always looked out once again, 
to bid -^ it good night ; and when they were turning 
round to sleep, they used to say, "God bless~^ the 
Star ! " 

4 But while-^ she was still very young, — oh, Yery, 
very young, — the sister drooped,"^ and came to be so 
weak that she could no longer stand in the ^indow at 
night ; and then the child looked sadly ^^ out by him- 
self, and, when he saw the star, turned round and said 
to the patient, pale face on the bed, " I see the star ! " 
and then a smile "' v/ould come upon the face, and a 
little weak Yoice ^^ used to say, " God bless niy brother 
and the star ! " 

5. And so the time came — all too soon ^^ — when the 
child looked out alone, and when there was no face on 
the bed ; and when there was a httle grave among the 
graves, not there before ; and when the star made long 
rays ^^ down towards him, as he saw it through his 
tears. 

6. Now, these rays were so brighfc, and they seemed 
to make such a shining way from earth to heaven, that 
when the child went to his solitary ^^ bed, he dreamed 
about the star ; and he dreamed that, lying where he 
was, he saw a train ^^ of people taken uj) that spark- 
ling ^^ road by angels. Ajid the star, opening, showed 
him a great world of light, where many more such an- 
gels waited to receive them. 

7. All these angels, who were waiting, tunied their 
beaming ^^ eyes upon the people who were carried up 
into the star ; and some came out from the long rows^^ 
in which they stood, and feil upon the people's 
necks, and kissed them tenderly,^*^ and went away 
with them downi avenues^' of light, and were so 
happy in their Company, that, lying in his bed, he 
wept for joy. 

8. But there were many angels who did not go with 
them, and among them one he knew. The patient face 
that once had lain upon the bed was glorified ^^ and 



208 Sel^rbuc^ ter englifc^en (Sprache. 

radiant ; ^^ but liis lieart found out his sisfcer among 
all the host/ö 

9. His sister's angel lingered ^^ near tlie entrance ^^ 
of tlie star, and said to the leader ^^' among those who 
liad brouglit the people thither,^^ "Is my brother 
come? " 

10. And he Said, " No." 

11. She was turning hopefuily away, when the child 
stretched out his arms, and cried, " O sister, I am 
here ! Take me." And then she turned her beaming^^ 
eyes uj)on him, and it was night ; and the star was 
shining into the room, making long rays down towards 
him as he saw it through his tears. 

12. From that hour forth/^ the child looked out 
upon the star as on the home ^' he was to go to, when 
his time should come ; and he thought that he did not 
belong to the earth alone, but to the star too, because^^ 
of his sister's angel gone before. 

13. There was a babe bom to be a brother to the 
child ; and while he was so little that he never yet had 
spoken a word, he stretched his tiny ^^ form out on his 
bed, and died. 

14. Again the child dreamed of the opened star, and 
of the Company of angels, and the train of people. and 
the rows of angels, with their beaming eyes all tumed 
ujDon those people' s faces. 

15. Said his sister's angel to the leader, "Is my 
brother come ? " 

16. And he said, "Not that one, but another." 

17. As the child beheld ^^ his brother's angel in her 
arms, he cried, " O sister, I am here ! Take me ! " 
And she turned and smiled upon him, and the star was 
shining. 

18. He grew to be a young man, and was busy ^^ at 
his books, when an old servant came to him, and said, 
" Thy mother is no more. I bring her blessing ^- on 
her darling ^^ son." 

19. Again at night he saw the star, and all that 



Unrcöelmäfigc 3^ittt)örter» donjunftioncn- 209 

former Company. Said his sister's angel to the leader, 
*' Is my brotlier come ? " 

20. And he said, "Tliy mother ! " 

21. A mighty cry of joy '^^ went fortli "' througli all 
the star, because the mother was reunited ^"^ to her two 
children. And he stretched out his arms, and cried, 
" O mother, sister, and brother, I am here ! Take me !" 
And they answered him, "Not yet." And the star 
was shining. 

22. He grew to be a man, whose hair was tnrning 
gray, and he was sitting in his chair by the fire-side, 
heavy with grief,^^ and with his face bedewed "^ with 
tears, when the star opened once again. 

23. Said his sister's angel to the leader, " Is my 
brother come ?" 

24. And he said, " Nay, but his maiden^^ daughter." 

25. And the man who had been the child saw his 
daughter, nearly^^ lost to him, a celestial" creature 
among those three, and he said, " My daughter's head 
is on my sister's bosom,*^^ and her arm is round my 
mother's neck, and at her feet there is the baby of 
old time, and I can bear the parting ^^ from her, God 
be praised !" And the star was shining. 

26. Thus the child came to be an old man, and his 
once smooth ^^ face was wrinkled,^^ and his steps were 
slow and feeble, and his back was bent.^*^ And one 
night, as he lay upon his bed, his children standing 
round, he cried, as he had cried so long ago, " I see 
the star !" 

27. They whispered " one another, " He is dying." 

28. And he said, " I am. My age is falling from me 
like a garment,^^ and I move towards the star as a 
child. And oh, my Father, now I thank theo that it 
has so often opened to receive those dear ones who 
await me !" 

^ 29. And the star was shining ; and it shines upon 
his grave. 

^ jlrcifte um'^ier, ^ fe^r öiel, ^ an rfne S)?enge !©tngc, •* kfianbig, ^ Ifffc^tcn, 
^ fi^ SU »unbcrn, ' 3)la^t, ^ öcfe|t ben %aU, ^ müpm fterben, ^^ |)immcl, 



210 ^e|>rl)uc^ fcer cnglifc^en (Spraye» 

" leib tf>un, '2 ^noapen, ^' munter (^^^ieIcnb), '^ |inunterppfen, ^^ 9)ün!t(^cn, 
'^ bie S)erftec!en fpicien, ^'' ktrübt, '^ Spielfameraben, '^ Jtinrm, ^o aufgeben, 
21 tüurbcn, 22 ^u Meten, ^^fcpc "-' tra^renb, -^ fiec^te I)in, 2« traurig, ^'^aä^iln, 
^s (Stimme, 23 yicl m früt?, so etralilen, 3i einfam, 22 3ug, 33 funfdnb, 
^ ftra^lenb, ^5 gjeil^en, ^-i järtUd), ^t jj^g^g (3tj^^j.j^^ 3s„£rf(ärt, s^ftra^^ 
lenb, ^0 ed)aar, ^^ ftanb ^ögernb, ^' (Eingang, -^^ güljrer, ^4 baf)in, ^^ flrailenb, 
^•^ an, 4- ^cimat^, ^ weil, ^^ jart, ^o erblitfte, ^i fleißig, 52 gegen, ^^ Liebling, 
" i^rcubeuruf, " erfdicd, ^^ ix»icberpereinigt, " Äumm.er, ^^- tene|t (betf)aut), 
^5 jungfrauliA, «« por Äur^em, ^^ ^immlif(J, «2 «Suj-cn, ts Trennung, " gj^u, 
^^ run-elig, ''^ gefrümmt, ß' [lü|lerten, "^^ ©ewanb» 

ficfcftüif 2. 

THE FORGIYEN DEBT. (Xic erlaiJene ed)ulb.) 

1. About the beginning of tlie present^ centuiy,^ a 
Boston merchant, who liad been extensivelj engaged 
in commerce," cliecl at a good cid age, without leaving 
any will.^ He liad been for manj years largelj in- 
terested^ in the fisliing business, and liis name was 
familiär^ to all the hardy '^ fishermen of Cape Cod. 
His eldest son administered upon^ the estate.'-* 

2. Among his papers a package of considerable 
size^^ was found after his death, carefuUy tied up,^^ 
and labelled ^^ as foUows : " Notes, due bills/^ and ac- 
counts ^^ against sundry ^^ persons down along shore.^° 
Some of these may be got^* by a suit^^ or severe 
dunning.^^ But the people are poor ; most of them have 
had fisherman's luck. My children will do as they 
think best.'^^ Perhaps they will think with me that it 
is best to bum this package entire." ^^ 

3. "About a month," said my informant,^-^ "after 
cur father died, the sons met together, and after some 
general ^^ remarks, our eldest brother, the administra- 
tor, produced~^ this package, of whose existence we 
were already apprised,^^ read the superscription,^^ and 
asked what course should be taken ^' in regard ^'^ to it. 
Another brother, a few years younger than the eldest, 
a man of strong, impulsive ~^ temperament, unable at 
the moment to express his feeling by words, while he 
bmshed ^^ the tears from his eyes with one hand, by a 
spasmodic ^^ jerk ^^ of the other towards the firc-place, 



Unregelmäijißc 3citircrtcr. CScujimfticncn» 211 

indicated ^' his desirc to have tlie papers put into tlie 
flames. 

4. " It was suggested "^ by another of our number 
that it might be well first to make a list of the debt- 
ors' ^^ names, and of the dates and accoiints, tliat we 
might be enabled/*^ as the intended "^ discharge ^^ was 
for all, to inform such as might offer pajment, that 
their debts wero forgiven. On the following day we 
again assembled ; the list had been prepared, and all 
the notes, due bills, and accounts, whose amount,"^ iu- 
cluding ^^ interest/^ exceeded^^ thirty-two thousand 
dollars, were committed ^^ to the flames. 

5. " It was in the month of June, about four months 
after our father's death, that, as I was sitting in my 
eldest brother's counting-room,^^ waiting for an oppor- 
tunity^^ to speak to him, there came in a hard- 
favored,'^'^ little old man, who looked as if time and 
rough ^*' weather had been to the windward ^^ of him 
for seventy years. He asked if my brother was not 
the executor.^^ He replied that he was administrator, 
as our father died intestate.^*^ * Well,' saidthe stranger, 
* I have come up from the Cape to pay a debt I owed^^ 
the old gentleman.' My brother," continued my In- 
formant, " requested him to be seated,^^ being at the 
moment engaged.^^ 

6. " The old man sat down, and putting on his 
glasses,^^ drew out a very ancient ^^ leather wallet.^^ 
When he had done this and sat, with quite a parcel ^* 
of notes, waiting his turn,^^ slowly twirling^^ his 
thumbs,*^^ with his old, gray, meditative " eyes upon 
the floor, he sighed ; ^^ and I well knew the money, as 
the phrase runs,*^^ came hard, and I secretly wished 
the old man's name might be found upon the forgiven 
list. My brother was soon at leisure,*"^ and asked him 
his name and other common questions. The original 
debt was four hundred and forty dollars ; it had stood 
a long time, and with the interest amounted to*^^ a sum 
between seven and eight hundred dollars. 

7. " My brother went to his table, and after examin- 



212 Scl)rbuc§ tcr cnalifc^en ^pxadjt, 

iüg the forgiven list attentivelj,^^ a sndden*^'' smile 
lighted up ^^ bis countenance/^ and told me the tnitli 
at a glance ''^ — the old man's name was there. My 
brother quietly took a chair hj his side, and a conver- 
sation ensued ^^ between them which I shall never for- 
get. * Your note is outlawed,' ''^ said my brother ; * it 
was dated ^^ twelve years ago, payable in two years ; 
there is no witness/^ and no interest has ever been 
paid; you are not bound^^ to pay this note; v/e can- 
not recover ''^ the amount.* 

8. " ' Sir,' said the old man, * I wish to pay it. It is 
the only heavy debt I have in the world. I shoiild Uke 
to pay it ;' and he laid the bank-notes before my brother 
and requested him to count them over. ' I cannot 
take this money,' said my brother. 

9. " The old man became alarmed.'' * * I have cast '^ 
simple interest for twelve years and a little over,' said 
the old man. ' I will pay you Compound interest,'^ if 
you say so. That debt ought to have been paid ^^ 
long ago ; but your father, sir, was very indulgent ; ^^ 
he knew that I had been unfortunate, and told me not 
to worry ^^ about it.' 

10. " My l^rother then set the matter plainly before 
him, and taking the bills, retumed them to the old 
man, telling him that, although our father left no for- 
mal will, he had recommended his children to destroy^^ 
certain notes, due bills, and other evidences of debt,^^ 
and release ^'^ those who might be legally ^^ bound to 
pay them. For a moment the worthy old man seemed 
to be stupefied.^^ After he had collected himself,^^ 
and wiped a few tears from his eyes, he stated,^^ that 
from tho time of our father's dcath he had raked^^ and 
scraped,^^ and pinched '-'^ and spared, to get the money 
together for the payment of this debt. 

11. " 'About ten days ago,' said he, ' I had made up 
the sum within ^^ twenty doUars. My \Aife knew how 
much the payment of this debt lay upon my spirits,^"* 
and advised me to seil a cow, and make up the differ- 
ence, and get the heavy bürden'-'^ off my spirits. I did 



Unregelmäßige 3citnJÖrtcn Gcnjunftioncn, 213 

so — and now what will my wife say ? I must get liome 
to the CajDe, and teil her tliis good news. She'll prob- 
ably say over ^'^ tlie very words she said wlien slie put 
her hands on my Shoulder as we parted : " I have 
never seen the righteous man forsaken, nor his seed 
begging bread." ' '-'' After a hearty shake of the hand,^^ 
and a l3lessing upon our father's memory/^ he went 
upon his way rejoicing. 

12. " After a short silence, seizmg his pencil, and 
making a computation/^^ — ' There,' exclaimed ^^'^ my 
brother, ' your part of the amount would be so much : 
contrive ^^^ a plan to convey ^^^ to me your share of the 
pleasure derived^^^ from this operation/*^^ and the 
money is at your Service.' " 

L. M. Saegext. 

^ gegennjärtif?, ^ ^aBrBunbert, ^ ^.cr auagcbclmtc ^anbeR'k-^icBungcn gcf'ah 
platte, * (c^tcr SßtUc, Sei^ciment, Mmerefürt, ^ jrcMbefannt, " fraftig, abgc^ür^ 
tet, ^ öcrmaltcte, ^ ^interlaffenf^aft, inimfangr '^ äufammengcbunben, ^'^nüt'ber 
Stuffc^rift serre^en, ^^fäUxQt ÜteÄnungen, ^-^ Sonto, ^^ »erfi^icbcne, ^^ Äü|le, 
^' mögen eingetrieben »erben, ^^ ^mt^, ^^ bringenbeö Wlahnm, ^o j^ür'ö SSefle 
l^altenr ^i ga^j, " ©enjafir^mann, "" attgcmein, =^^ brachte jum SJorfd^ein/ 
2^ in Äenntni^ gefegt, ^6 5)(uffc^rift, " j^jclc^er SSeg eingcfAlagen irerben foEte, 
2« mit ©ejug, " aufbraufenb, 20 al^toifäjtt, ^i untuiUfürli*, ^2 ^anbbemc^ 
gung, ^^ gab ju erfennen, ^ öorge[d)Iagen, ^5 (gc^ulbner, ^s {j^ \.^^ (Staub 
gefegt, ^i kabfic^tigt, ^s eriaffung, sa «Betrag, '^'^ mit (EinfcbluB, ^^ 3in^ 
fem ^■- itbcrilieg, '^^ übergeben, *^ fiomptoir, "*' (Gelegenheit, ^^ »cm 3dnc!fal 
Ji?enig begüntligt, •*' raul> *^ auf ber 23ettcrfcite, ^^ 3:e|lamcntcvcartrec!er, 
'^'^ c^ne iellament, ^i ^[^ [^ fd)ulbig war, ^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^ 53 i^cfAaftigt, 
" 23riae, " altmobif^, ^^^ ®clbbeutcl, ^" mit einem anfci)nlid^en 5)aden„ ^- bi^ 
bie 9?ei^e an i^n fam, ^^ umbrebenb (reibenb), ^'^ 5)aumen, ^^ nad)benflidv 
''^ feufue, 63 ipie man ^u fagcn pflegt, ^^ 3?iupc, «^ belicf fid) auf, '^•^ aufmcrf^ 
fam, " jjlc^lid), «* flog wie ein S^lifMlrabl über, «^ Stntli^, 'o auf einen 33Iitf, 
'M'ofgte, "»erjäbrt, 'Hatirt, '-^Bcuge, '^ gc^roungen, ''^eintreiben, '•''Hun^ 
ru^igt, ■'S bajugcrec^net (oa^ugeworfen), " 3inö auf 3in^, ^'^ bätte abgetragen 
werben follen, ^^ nac^[td)tig, "'■ ic^ foKe mir feine graue ^^aarc be^wegen tt?ad>fen 
laffcn, *^ ju ^,erftören, ^^ oc^utbberoeife, ^^ frei5umad>cn, ^^ nadi bcm ©cfe^, 
^' »erileinert, '^ fic^ gefammelt (;atte, ^^^ er^äblte er, ^'^ ^ufammengef^arrt, ^' ge^ 
fra^t, ^^ ge^wacft, ^^ {,{,5 ^j^^^ w jj^^ brücfte (auf meinem"® eitle laftete), 
^^ £-ail, ^^ wicber^olen, ^^ id) ^abe nie ben ©erednen üerlaffen, nccb feinen 8a== 
men na(^ S3rcb geben fcben, ^^ na^ einem ^erjlid*en ^änbebrucf, ^^ 2(nbenfen, 
^0° ltcberfd}Iag, ^°^riefau5, ^°' finne au^, ^°3 jy „f^j^t^^gen, ^^Urn?ac^fen, 
105 Ißerfa^ren» 



2M 



^e^rM^ tcr en3lifd)en (Sprache» 



£efifion XXVI. 



tttegclmä^ige 


^cittvvvtct. 


^td|3i>f!tioneiu 


Snfimtw 9)räfen«. 


Smperfcft. 


gjarticlp ber Scrsanyen^cit. 


to liear 


heard 


heard. 


to hide . 


Ud 


hidden. 


to Jwld 


held 


hdd. 


to hurt 


hurt 


hurt. 


to keejj 


kept 


kept 


to kneel 


j knelt 
\ kneeled 


knelt. 
kneeled. 


to knoio 


knew 


known. 


to lead 


led 


led. 


to leave 


left 


left. 


to hnd 


lent 


lent. 


to lose 


lost 


lost. 


to make 


made 


made. 


to meaii 


meant 


meant. 


to mcet 


met 


met. 


to pay 


paid 


paid. 


toput 


put 


put. 


to read 


read 


read. 


to ride 


rode 


ridden. 


to run 


ran 


run. 



^tapviitiontn — About, hy^ during, after, against, 
araong {amongst), toivards, hetiveen, heticixfy through, 
hefore, hehindy heloiü, heneath, within. 



^ebcn^üttcn — Whose tum is it ? to pari loith, to he on 
the rackf it strikes me, to let ahne, to take aim, to find 
fault lüifh, fond of, to play at cards, to pretend to, to 
hear malice against^ in time, to make haste^ to he in a 
hurry. 



Unreßelmäßiöc Scitwörter* ^väporttioneiu 215 



duriDg, tra()renb. 

kitten, ^ä^d^en. 

to hide, ftd) verfteden. 

hold 3'our tongue, bciWi 

maui l 
stable, (Stall. 
farming, 2l(icr6cm. 
to owe, fd)ultig fein. 
within, innerl)ali\ 
adventure, 5lbcntcucr. 
to spare, entbehren, 
equally, tkn\o. 
to Order, beftcUen. 
towards, gejjen. 
he surely meant no härm by 

it, er l)atte eö gemip nid;t ]o 

W\t gemeint tamit. 
considerate, riicffid^t^öoU. 
in future, itt 3ufwnft» 
Öicbens orten. 
whose turn is it? an Wtm ift 

tie 0lei^e ? 
to part with, 2lBf(^Heb nehmen 

öon. 
to shake hands with a per- 

son, fic^ tie ^dnre f^üt^ 

teilt. 
to be on the rack for, fe§r ße^ 

fpamtt fein auf. 
theatre of war, ^ricg5fc^au:= 



it strikes mc, eö Sriü mir 

fd)einen. 
to let alone, in gricten U\]iüx. 
are not you Struck with? [in? 

Sie nid^t frappirt i^on ? 
to take aim, fein 3tcl nei)mcn ; 

sielen, 
mark, 3icl» 
to find fault with, auc3ufclpen 

fmren an-, mafcln. 
to play at cards, klarten 

fpielcn. 
to prefer to, ^^cr^iekn. 
a precious fellow, ein fd)öner 

l^urfd^e. 
stories, ißintkutelcien. 
to pretend to, fid> anmajjen. 
masteiy, 5}teifterfd^aft. 
to make up one's miud, cnU 

fd^Ieffcn fein, 
distant, fern, 
to abuse, fd)mal)en, verun^ 

glimpfcn. 
to deal with, :6anhln gegen, 
to bear malice, feintUd) gefinnt 

fein. 
to bear a grudge to a per- 

son, 3fntantem grollen. 
to make haste, eilen, 
to be in a hurry, (Eile Ki6en. 



UeBunggstofgoie 1. 

During the month of May the Steamship Company 
lost two of their best ships. During her last moments 
I held her head in my arms. I have lost all my 
friends ; it is a sad thing to lose a mother. The kit- 



216 ^ef)rbud) tcr engli)'d)en (Spra^e^ 

ten liid in tlie comer beliind the stoYo. What have 
joiT hidden in your pocket? I liave nothing liidden. 
Hold your tongue ! I cannot liear what he says. I 
was hui't by a stone which a boy threw through the 
window. With what did he hurt you? He hurt me 
with a knife. They keep a störe below Twentieth 
Street. Where have you kept your horses ? I kept 
them among some others in my stable all winter. She 
knelt down before a crucifix and prayed. What do 
you know about farming? I do not know more about 
it than you do. He very well knew that I had j^aid 
him what I owed him. If I had kno^n that you were 
going to spend all your money within such a short 
time, I should certainly not have lent you a single dol- 
lar. A person that spends his money so fast and fool- 
ishly, is called a spendthrift. I have been much 
amused by what I read about the adventures of a 
traveler who traveled through the forests of Brazil. I 
should like to borrow this book from you, if you can 
spare it. I cannot lend you this one before next week, 
but I will lend you another equally interesting. When 
will you make the bedstead for me that I ordered 
about tvv'o months ago ? It will be done towards the 
end of next week. You must not be offended, for he 
surely meant no härm by it. He promised to pay be- 
tween to-day and day after to-morrow. I shall go out 
riding in the Park. I rode out in a carriage. Quick ! 
run after that boy, and teil him to come back. I have 
no ill feelings against him, but I want him to be more 
considerate towards his friends in futurc. 

Sicbcttsartcn : "WTiose tum is it to read? I believe it 
is mine. It will be your tum next. I shall teil you 
when your turn comes. When people part with their 
friends, they shake hands -^dth them. Come, let us 
shake hands and be friends ! I am on the rack for the 
next news from the theatre of war. It strikes me that 
you would have done better, if you had let this fellow 
alone. Are not you Struck with the peculiar beauty of 



Unrcäelmägigc 3eitn?ürten Gonjunfticnctu 217 

this landscape? Make sure always to take your aim 
high. If you want to hit the mark, you must take 
better aim. I diel not find fanlt with your work at all, 
I only found fault with the time it took you to finish 
it. It is easier to find fault with a person's work than 
to do it better yourself. The Germans are very fond 
of playing at cards. I prefer a game of billiards to 
a game at cards. You are a precious fellow, in- 
deed ! to teil me such stories. I do not yet pretend to 
a mastery^ of the English language, but I hayc made 
up my mind to master it at no very distant time ; and 
you know, where there is a will, there is a way. It is 
a shame, indeed, thus to abuse a man who has always 
dealt honestly with him. I shall not bear any mahce 
against him, for what he has done, but I cannot help 
bearing him a little grudge for it. If you v/ish to be 
in time for the boat, you must make haste. I am in a 
great hurrj^ to finish this letter. 

Söisrtcr-S^cr^cic^iug. 

©eräufcb, noise. (Etcrbcktte, death-bed. 

man foUc nicbt,you ought not. bitten um, to ask for. 

auffcbieben, to pufc oflf to. (Becjcn, blessing. 

25erftec!en, hide and go seek. iciererfcmmcn, to return. 

^O^lantel, cloak. 9fi^iJ3, certain. 

©arn, yarn. fortj^cbcn, to leave. 

abrcicfehi, to unwind. trcgMcibcn, to stay away. 

fid) irel) ttmn, to hui^t one's seif, ge^cn ixaä>, to leave for. 

fcbiimm, bad. 'Oüv, previous to. 

gcfcbifint, quickly. SIbrcife, departure. 

mit nicbten, by no means. in^5 ticbtcfte ?5cucr, into the 
ftd) bcruHßen, keep quiet. thickest of the fight. 

Ctf hat nidito ?,u fagcn, it's of no irreführen, to leave for. 

consequence. reifen nüö>, to leave for. 

^eteutuni-^, consequence. frieden, to get. 

(i)e(>eimni"§, secret. fud^en, to try. 

ipaus^alten, to keep hoase. ^cn^eit ftumpft ter SBirt^fcbaft 
auöge^cid^nct, excellent. (£|)i^e ab, borrowing blunts 

i^aus^alterin. housekceper. the edge of husbandry. 



218 ?c^rbud) bcr cnglifdjcn ®pvac[)e, 

23or(]cn ma^t Sergen, to bor- gitfammentreffen mit, to meefc. 

row makes sorrow. |aft tu tttcai an i()n ^u befteüen ? 

fid) keilen, make haste. have you any message to 

},VL rechter ^nt, in time. send to him ? 

3u ijeriieren, to be lost. 3fle(^nunc5, bill. 

^iilt, desk. ^ufte^pid^, carpet. 

kftctien, to order. befommcn, to get 

Geteilten, to mean. Gleiten, riding on horseback. 

auf tcutf6, in G-erman. gu5teppid\ carpet. 

ka^ffd^tigen, to mean. id) gek liekr gu ^ujj, I prefer 

nctlng Ihi^cu, to need. going on foot. 
übermorgen, day after to- 

morrow. 

SBa5 Wrfttu? 3cf) l^ore d\x Oeniufd). $aft hi nic^t 
etaHv3 c\chovt ? 9letn, id) f)abe md)t5 gc!)brt. Xu ? 9]ein, 
id) md) nidjt. 3d) ^abe meinen ^ater oft fagen (^cren, man 
foKe ntclu auf morgen au|Td){eben, wa^ man f)cute tbun fann. 
|)aft tu He £a^e nac^ ter 9[)ku^3 laufen fe^en? Xte 3)?au0 
I;at ftd) unter'^ ^ett i^erftedt Xk hinter fpielen 3}erfteden. 
ilBae ^aft ht i^erfterft unter tcinem ?J?antel ? 3d) l^abe ntdn^3 
barunter i^erftedt* SBiüft tu tteö ©am für mic^ galten, tag 
id) eö alnindle. (xv l)at fein ^erfpred)en nic^t ge[)a(ten. 3^ 
♦ f)abe mir jrebgctf)an. 3ft eö fd)limm ? 8cl( id) gef^wtnt) 
nad) tem 5^eftcr laufen ? 3}^tt nid)ten ; kruf)igen (^ie jtd); 
ci3 {)at nic^t^ ^u fagen; e6 ift i)cn feiner 53cteutung. £annft 
tu ein @el)eimmg tür ti^ behalten? 3a; id) aud), SBie 
lange !)aben 8ic $auö gehalten? 3d) \)abt ^t^n 3abrc 
$auö gebalten. ^Idnt grau ift eine au^^ge;ietd)nete $au^^ 
l)alterin. (?r fniete an tem (Sterbebette feiner 9J^utter unb hat 
um il)ren (Segen. 2Beigt tu, irann tein 35ater jrieterfommt ? 
3d) mii e^ nid)t gen^ig ; er fagte mir, alö er fortging, er 
n?ürte nid)t lange n?egbleiben. 3c| fenne Hefen Tlann fcbon 
über fünf5el)n 3al)re. 2öufne er, tag tu nad) 5(merifa geben 
ttjürteft ? (?r n?ugte eö nur ein ?>aar Xage i>or meiner 5lb- 
reife. 3)er (General fül)rte feine Xruppen xn'ö tid)tefte geuer. 
3)u l^aft mid) irregefüljrt. Xit „ (Bikfia " ging freute nac^ 
Hamburg. SBir vierten mit tem näd^ften Stampfer nad) ^re^^ 



Unreöelmäßiöe 3citn}örtei\ donjunftioncn, 219 

mcn reifen» ^amft bu mir ^t^n Zl)akx leiten ? 3c{) faun 
tir n)ol;( fo öiel Ieil;en, aber id) friege ja bod) mein ©elb uid)t 
irieber i^on tir ; barum muj}t tu anber^iro fud)en ©elf ^u 
borgen. ,, 2)aö 33crgen/' fagt Sbafefpeare in feinem „ ^am^ 
let," „ ftumpft ber 3Öirtbfd)aft (Bpi^t ah;" nnb bie Xentfd^n 
fagen, „ borgen mad)t Sergen." beeile bid) ! n?enn bu'^u 
red)ter 3eit fommcn miift, bann mugt bu laufen ; eö ift feine 
3eit ju i^erlieren. ®aö i)aft bu i^rloren ? 3d) ^abe meinen 
(£d)lü||e( i^erloren. §aft bu \i)n »erftecft ? 3d) ^abe xl)n ge^ 
funben unb in bein ^)u(t gelegt. $at ber Xifd)(er bie (Biixijk 
gemad)t, bie id) beftellt Ijabz V Sr l;at fte nod) nid)t gemad)t. 
3Öaö bebeutet baö SBort comfortable auf 5)eutf^ ? 3d) 
beabrid)tige biefen Söinter fo i^iel ßngUfd) ^u fernen, ba|j id) 
feinen ?e'^rer me^r n5t!)ig l)abc, Uebermcrgen ii^erbc id) mit 
beinern fetter jufammentrerten ; baft bu etwaö an ii)n in bc^ 
[teilen ? SBcnn bu mir einen ©efallen tl)un anüft, i:amx be^ 
iat)k biefe 9ted)nung für mid). ^^ie inel l;aben Sie für bie^ 
fen gu^teppic^ be^at)(t ? 3d) IjaU ifjn fe()r billig befommen ; 
id) b)abt einen ^Dollar unb breifng dtnhi bie g)arb be^a^It. 
©tecfe bieö @elb in bie Xafc^e» ^li^ id) ^eute ?^^orgen auö== 
fu{)r, i[)atte id) i^crgeffen @e(t) ?iU mir ^u ftecfen. (Einb (Sie 
ein grcunb *^om ^citm'^. 3cl) ge(K lieber ju guf* 



ßcfcftüc! 1» 

AN D^DIAN STKATAGEM. (eine iubianifc^e Ärieg^lifl.) 

1. DuriDg the war ^ of the American revolution, a 
regiment of foofc soldiers was stationecl upon the con- 
fines ^ of a boundleßs ^ savanna, in the southern ^ part 
of the Union. Its particular office^ was to guard*^ 
every avenue of approach '^ to the main army.*^ The 
sentinels,^ whose posts penetrated^° into the woods, 
were supplied ^^ from the ranks ; ^^ bnt they were per- 
petually^^ surprised ^^ npon their posts by the Indians, 
andbomeoff^^ their stations/^ without communicating 
any alarm/' or being heard of afterwards. ^^ 

2. One rQoming, the sentinels having been stationed 
as usual over night, the guard ^^ went at snnrise to re- 



220 ^e^rbud) ber engUf^en (B^xaä^c. 

lieve ^^ a post wliicli extencled ^^ a considerable ^^ dis- 
tance into the wood. The sentinel was gone. The sur- 
prise'' was great ; but the circumstance had occurred^^ 
before. They leffc another man, and departed,^^ wish- 
ing hhn better luck. " You need not be afraid," ^^ 
Said the man, "v^dth warmth ; *'I shall not dcsert/' ^^ 

3. The sentinels were replaced ~^ every four hours, 
and at the appointed ~^ time the gnard again marched 
to reheve the post. To their inexpressible ^"^ astonish- 
ment the man was gone. They searched ^^ round the 
spot, but no traces "^ of him could be found. It was 
now more necessarj than eyer that the Station should 
not remain^^ unoccupied ; "^ they left another man, 
and retumed to the guard-house. 

4. The superstition ^^ of the soldiers was awakened,^'^ 
andterror^' ran through the regiment. The colonel, 
being appiised^^ of the occurrence,"'^ signified"^*^ his 
intention to accompany^^ the guard when they reheyed 
the sentinel they had left. At the appointed time they 
all marched together ; and again, to their unutterable^- 
y>-onder, they found the post yacant,^^ and the man 
gone. 

0. Under these circumstances the colonel hesitated^^ 
whether he should Station a whole Company on the 
spot, or whether he should again submit " the post to 
a Single sentinel. The cause ^^ of these repeated^' dis- 
appearances ^^ of men, whose courage and honesty 
were neyer suspected,^^ must be discoyered ; and ifc 
seemed not hkely ^^ that tbis discoyery could be ob- 
tained by persisting ^^ in the old method. 

C. Three braye men were now lost to the regiment, 
and to assign ^^ the post to a fourth seemed nothing 
less than giying him up to destruction.^'^ The poor 
feüow whose turn it was^^ to take the Station, though 
a man in other respects''^ of incomparable ^"^ resolution, 
trembled from head to foot. 

7. "I must do my duty," said he to the officer; "I 
know that ; but I should like to lose my life with more 
credit."^' "I will leayc no man," said the colonel, 



Unrcgelmäj^ige 3eitn?örter. donjunftionen, 221 

*' against his will." A man immediately stei^ped from 
tlie ranks, and desired to take the post. Every moutli 
commended ^^ his resolution. 

" I will not be taken alive," ^^ said he, " and yoii 
shall hear of me at the least alarm. At all events,^*^ I 
will fire my piece ^^ if I hear the least noise. If a crow 
chatters °^ or a leaf falls, you shall hear my musket. 
You may be alarmed when nothing is the matter ; ^'^ 
but you must take the chance*^^ as the condition of the 
discovery." 

9. The colonel applauded his courage, and told him 
he would do right to fire upon the least noise that he 
could not satisfactorily ^^ explain.*^*^ His comrades 
shook ^'^ hands with him, and left him with a melan- 
choly foreboding.*^^ The Company marched back, and 
waited the event ^^ in the guard-house. 

10. An hour had now elapsed,'^ and every ear was 
lipon the rack'^ for the discharge^^ of the musket, 
when, upon a sudden, the report'^ was heard. The 
guard immediately marched, accompanied, as beforo, 
by the colonel and some of the most experienced offi- 
cers of the regiment. 

11. As they approached the post, they saw the man 
advancing toward them, dragging ^^ another man on 
the ground by the hair of his head. "When they came 
up to him, it ap2:>eared to be an Indian whom he had 
shot. An explanation '^ was immediately required. 

12. "I told yoa, colonel," said the man, "that I 
should fire if I heard the least noise.'^ That resolu- 
tion I took has saved ' ' my life. I had not been long 
at my post when I heard a rustling " at some short 
distance ; I looked, and saw a wild hog," such as arc 
common ^^ in the woods, crawhng ^^ along the ground, 
and seemingly^' looking for nuts under the trees, among 
the leaves. 

13. " As these animals are so yery common, I 
ceased ^"^ to consider it seriously,^* but kept my eyes 
fixed upon it, and marked its progress ^^ among the 
trees ; still there was no need ^^ to give tho alarm. It 



222 '^e^rbu^ tev en3Ufd)en S|3rad}e. 

Struck me," however, as somewliat singular to see tliis 
animal making,^^ by a circuitous passage/^ for^^ a 
tliick grove ^^ immecliately behind my post. I there- 
fore kept my eye more constantly fixed upon'^^ it, and, 
as it was now witliin '•'■- a few yards of tlie coppice/-'" I 
liesitated whetlier I shoiild fire. 

14. " My comrades, tliouglit I, will laugb. at me for 
alarming tliem by shooting a pig. I liad almost re- 
solved to let it alone/-'^ when, just as it approached the 
tbicket,'^^ I tliouglit I observed it give an unusual '-"^ 
spring. I no longer liesitated : I took my aim,^* dis- 
cliarged ^^ my piece, and the animal was immediately 
stretched before me, ■\\dtli a groan ^^ wkich I tliought 
to be tliat of a liuman creature. 

15. '' I went up to it, and judge^*^^ my astonisliment 
when I found tliat I had killed an Indian. He liad 
enveloped ^^^ liimself witli the skin ^^''^ of one of these 
wild hogs so artfully^^" and completely, his hands and 
his feet were so entirely concealed ^"^ in it, and his 
gait^*^^ and appearance were so exactly correspond- 
ent^*^*^ to that of the animals, that imperfectly as^^' they 
were always seen through the trees and bushes, the 
disguise ^^^ could not be detected ^^^ at a distance, and 
scarcely discoyered upon the nearest inspection. He 
was armed with a dagger^^^ and tomahawk." 

16. The cause of the disappearance of the other sen- 
tinels was now apparent.^^^ The Indians, sheltered^^^ 
in this disguise, secreted ^^^ themselves in the cojDpice, 
watched ^^^ the moment when they could throw it off, 
burst upon ^^^ the sentinels w^thout previous ^^'^ alarm, 
and, too quick to give them an opportunity to dis- 
charge their pieces, either stabbed ^^* or scalped ^^^ 
them. They then bore their bodies away, and con- 
cealed them at some distance in the leaves. 

^ Ärieg, - ©ränjcn, ^ unaW^bax, ^ fübli*, ^ bcfcnbcre SIufi^aK^ ^ ju 
Betrafen, ^ Sugang, ^' ^aupt*5Irmee, ^ (cc^ilbroac^en, ^^ öprgef*ot^cn n^arcn, 
1^ erfe^t, ^^ Slnie, ^^ i^cilänbig, '"* ükrrum^clt, '^ jrcggcfavcrt, '^ ^oiim, 
^"^ cfjne Särm ^u f*(agcn, '^ cber bap man fväter ^on ifnen l^crtCr '^ 23a*e, 
20 abjulöfcn, 21 i^orgefctokn war, ^i kträittlic^, -^ Ucbcrrafdjung, 24 ^^^g ^^^^j 



Unrcgetmafnge 3ctttt?i3rtcr, Gonjunfticncn. 223 

i^ugetragcn, " {\in(jen fort, ^^ i^r Uau^t nic^t Kinge ^u fein, ■'' bcfcrtircn, 
2' ipieberbefc^t, -^ fci\Kfc^t, ^o unbcf^rciblic^, ^i t«urcbmc^ten, "^ Spuren, ^3 [^[^l^ 
'btn, ^ unbefct^t' '^' 3ibcrg(aul^c, ^'' wax errcijt, ^7 i^djudcn, ^^ in Äcnntnig 
riefest, 39 ivjcrfatt, ^o ^«e^etoite, ^' bccjleitcn, •*"- unauöfprcc^lic^, ^^ unt^efe^t, 
^^ »arb unfd)IüiTi^, ^^ übervjcben, ^'llriac^e, ^^ jDieDerfjclt, "*' SBerfcf^njtnfccn, 
^^ in 35erbac^t gebogen, ^° n>a^rrd)einlicf», '"^ baburcf), ia^ man bcl>arrte bei, 
52 anjuroeifen, ^^ SJerberkn, ^^ an bem bie -JReilje )x>ar, " in' jebcr an^ 
bern .CJinüdn, ^^ uns crg leid) lid> =^ (rfjre, ^^ lebte, '"^ lebcnbig, '^'^ auf jebcn 
%ati, «1 xjlinte, **"- freist, ^3 jt^^^j^ j^i^j^t^ lo3 ^|-|^ 64 ^ufaK, »^^ {»{nreicbenb, 
•^'^ crflärcn, " f^^iittelten, ßs^j^rj^^m^^j^ ^^ Greigni§, "^ serflo|Tcn, ''Mcbeö 
Cf)r n>ar gcfpi^t, '^ SIbfcucrn, '^ Änall, '■* fd}(circnb, "^ Grfläruno, " ba3 
geringtle (Beräuf*, " rettete, ''^ JRafdteln, " Schwein, ''^ getrcbnü*, ^' frie* 
d)enb, ^^ »jie cd fdi ien, ^^ ^crte id» auf, ^ e5 für gefafirli^ 5U 'betracbten, ^^ ©ei* 
tergct^en, '^'^ 5?ctb, ^' cd fiel mir auf, **' [einen Sßeg cinfcblagen, ^^ auf 
einem Umn^e^^e, ^*' bicbted ©ebüfdv ^^ barauf gericbtet, '9- bid auf, ^^ ®ebüfd), 
s-* cd in trieben ju laffen, ^^ 2)icficbt, ^"^ [cnberbar, ^^ 'hielte, ^^'euertc, ^^ Oöt" 
flcbn, i«» ftellt euc^ »er, ^»^ eingenjtdfclt, ^«^ ^aut, 'o^ füntlli*, 104 »erborgen, 
1°^ &am, '°^ entfprcd^enb, 'o^ fo un^oUfommen aud), '03 >l3ermummung, ^'^' cnt* 
becft, i'0 2)oIcb, "J offenbar, "^ gc,-£^ü^t, ^^^ jj^ilccftcn, ''Mauerten auf, 
^'^lürsten fid) auf, "« por^crgeftcnb, "'^ erbolc^tcn, "^ j-jaipirtcn. 

fiefcftiicf 2. 

AFTER MAßRIAGE. {^aä) ber iJoA^cit.) 
Lady Teazle and Sir Peter. 

Sir Peter. Lady Teazle, Lady Teazle, 111 not bear ^ 
it! 

Lady Teazle. Sir Peter, Sir Peter, you may bear it 
or not, as you please ; but I ought to Lave my own 
way in every thing; and wliat's more, I will, too. 
What ! tliough I was educated - in the country, I know 
very well that women of fashion in London are ac- 
countable ^ to nobody after tliey are married.^ 

Sir P. Yery well, ma'am, very well — so a husband ^ 
is to liave ° no influence, no anthority ? 

Lady T. Anthority ! No, to be sure : — if you wanted 
authority over me, you should liave adopted ' me, and 
not married me ; I am sure you were old enough. 

Sir P. Old enough ! — ah — there it is. Well, well, 
Lady Teazle, though my life may be made unhappy^ 
by your temper,^ 111 not be ruined by your extrav- 
agance.^'^ 



224: Sel^rhtd) ter englifdjen (2prac^e. 

Lady T. My extrayagance ! I'm sure I'm not more 
extravagant tlian a woman ouglit to be. 

Sir F. No, no, madam, you shall throw away no 
more sums on such unmeaning^^ luxury. Indeed! to 
spend as mucli to furnish ^^ your dressing-room ^^ T\dtli 
flowers in winter as would suffice ^^ to turn '^ the Pan- 
theon into a green-house ! ^^ 

Lady T. Why, Sir Peter ! am I to blame/^ because 
flowers are dear in cold weather ? You should find 
fault with^^ the climate and not with me. For my 
part/^ I'm sure, I "vsdsh it were spring all the year 
round, and that roses gi-ew under our feet ! 

Sir P. Zounds ! ^^ madam — ^if you had been bom to 
this,^^ I shouldn't wonder at your talking thus ; but 
you forget what your Situation was when I married 
you. 

Lady T. No, no, I don't ; 'twas a very disagreeable'^ 
one, or I should never have married you. 

Sir P. Yes, yes, madam, you were then in some- 
what a humbler style^'^ — the daughter of a piain county 
squire.^^ Eecollect,^^ Lady Teazle, when I saw you 
first sitting at your tambour,^^ in a pretty figured ^' 
linen gown,^^ with a bunch of keys^'^ at your side, your 
hair combed smooth over a roll, and your apartment 
hung round ^*^ with fruits in worsted^^ of your own 
working. 

Lady T. Oh yes ! I remember it very well, and a 
Gurions Hfe I led, — my daily occupation to inspect the 
dairy,^' superintend^^ the poultry,^^ make extracts froDi 
the family receipt- book, and comb my aunt Deborah's 
lap-dog.^^ 

Sir P. Yes, yes, ma'am ; 'twas so, indeed. 

Lady T. And then, you know, my evening amuse- 
ments ; — to draw ^^ pattems ^'' for ruffles,^^ which I had 
not materials to make up ; to play Pope Joan ^^ with 
the curate ;^^ to read a novel^^ to my aunt; or to be 
stuck down ^^ to an old spinet ^^ to strum my father to 
sleep after a fox-chase.'*^ 

Sir P. I am glad you have so good a memory.^^ 



llnrecjelmapiöc 3cita'ortcr» Gcnjunftioncn. 225 

Tes, madam, these were the recreations ^*^ I took you 
from ; but now you must have your coach — vis-ä-vis — 
and tliree powdered^' footmen^^ before your cliair ; 
and, in tlie summer, a pair of white cats to draw you 
to Kensington Garden s. No recollection, I suppose, 
wlien you were content ^^ to ride double,^*^ behind the 
butler,^^ on a docked ^' coach-horse. 

Lady T. No — I never did that ; I deny^^ the butler 
and the coach-horse. 

^S'iV P. This, madam, was your Situation ; and what 
have I done for you ? I have made you a woman of 
fashion, of fortune,^^ of rank ; in short, I have made 
you my wife. 

Lachj T. Well, then; and there is but one thing 
more you can make me, to add to the obligation,^^ and 
that is — 

Sir P. My widow, I suppose ? 

Lady T. Hern ! hem ! 

Sir P. I thank you, madam ; but don't flatter your- 
self ; ^'^ for though your ill conduct ^' may distui'b my 
peace of mind, it shall never break my heart, I promise 
you : however,^^ I am equally obhged to you for the 
hint.^3 

Lady T. Then why will you endeavor ^^ to make 
yourself so disagreeable to me, and thwart me^^ in 
every little elegant expense ? ^^ 

Sir P. Indeed, madam ! had you any of these Httle 
elegant expenses when you mamed me ? 

Lady T. Why, Sir Peter ! would you have me be out 
of the fashion ? 

Sir P. The fashion, indeed ! "^Tiat had you to do 
■s\ith the fashion before you married me ? 

Lady T. For my part, I should think you would hke 
to have your wife thought a woman of taste.^^ 

Sir P. Ay ; there again — taste. Zounds ! madam, 
you had no taste when you married me ! 

Lady T. That's very true, indeed, Sir Peter ; and 
after having married you, I should never pretend to ^^ 
taste again, I allow.^^ But now, Sir Peter, since we 



226 ^t\)xbvid) ter cng(ii'd)en Sprache, 

haYe finislied our daily jangle/^^ I presume " I may 
go to my engagement at Lady Sneerwell's. 

Sir F. Ay, there's another precious circumstance ^'^ 
— a cliarming set ^^ of acquaintance you liave made 
there. 

Ladf/ T. Nay, Sir Peter, they are all people of rank 
and fortune, and remarkably tenacious of ''^ reputa- 
tion.''^ 

Sir P. Yes, they are tenacious of reputation with a 
Ycngeance ;'^ for they don't choose anybody shonld 
have '" a character but themselves ! Such a crew ! "^ 
Ah ! many a wretch '^ has rid on a hurdle '^ who has 
done less mischief "' than these utterers '^ of forged 
tales,^^ coiners of scandal/-^ and clippers of rej^uta- 
tion.«i 

Lady T. "What ! would you restrain ^'' the freedom 
of Speech ?^^ 

Sir F. Ah ! they have made you just as bad as any 
one of the society. 

Lady T. 'S^j, I belle ve I do bear a part ^vith a 
a tolerable grace.^^ 

Sir F. Grace, indeed ! 

Lady T. But I tow ^^ I bear no malice ^° against the 
people I abuse." "Wlien I say an ill-natured thing,^^ 
it's out of^ pure good humor ; ^^ and I take it for 
granted ^^ they deal exactly in the same manner Avith 
me. But, Sir Peter, you know you promised to come 
to Lady Sneerwell's too. 

Sir F. Well, well ; I'll call in just to look after my 
own character. 

Lady T. Then, indeed, you must make haste °^ after 
me, or you'll be too late. " So, good-bye to you. ^Exit 
La/ly Teagle.] 

Sir F. So — I have gained much by my intended ex- 
postulation ; ^^ yet, with what a charming air ^^ she 
contradicts every thing I say, and how pleasing she 
shows her contempt ^^ for my authority ! Well, though 
I can't make her love me, there is gi-eat satisfaction in 
quaiTeling with her ; and I think she never appears 



lliivcvjclmäfnßc 3cit^^^'^''i"^i^^- CSonjunfticncn. 227 

to such advantage °^ as when slie is doing everytliing 
in her power to jolague me. [Exit] 

Sheridax. 



^ bulben, - auf^e:iOi\cn, ^ »eraulwcrtliJ}, ^ öer^cirat^ct, ^ Gficmann, "^ foC 
h\Un, ■' aboptirt, » obfd)on mir bai? ^cbcnijcrlcibct werben fann, Mulngcö Jcm^ 
Vcrament, ^'^ißcrfi^wcubuns], " r.tibtofasicub» i- ^u scrfct^eiu ^^ SIuflciDeümmcr, 
'^ Ijmreic^cn tvürDc, ^^ «crtranbcln, ^" (i)eroäd)vf)aiti?, ^^ tabcin, '- hütulbigen, 
'Miud mii betrifft^ -^ 2)Dnnerroetter ! ^i j^enn 3f)r babci ßebrcn imb aufge^^ 
u>ad)fen iväret, ^^ mumiene^m, " iii einer etreaö l)efd)eibcnercn Sebenvweife, 
2-* !3anbebelmann, ^i erinnert (Eu*, ^e ;2titfrafimen, -' öcHümt, -' ^auöfleib, 
29 od}IüfreU>unb, ^o ni^^^ tc^ämiit, «^ 3ticferet, 22 3}iild)fammer, 23 J^ic ^lufiidjt in 
führen über, ^i^eflüi^ci, ^^^c^oop^ünbdjen, -»^ ',eid*nen, 3->5)jutlcr, ^^ §cmbfrau>' 
icih 39 ^a^il 3o^anna (ein Äartenfpiel), ^<^ 9)farrer, ^' 9ipman, "- feftftcbannt, 
■*=^ öuitarre, "■* gud}öiaiib, ^''' ©ebäc^tnip, "^^ ©rbclunaen, '^' c(cpubert, '»^ X iencr, -^^ ju^ 
[rieben, ^0 felknber, ^i'äBirtbfc^after (il^erroalter), ^-mit@tumHT*n.\^m/ "=*Icuörc, 
^^ ÜJermöt^en, "um meine 23erbinblid)feit ^n »ergröpern, ^^fcbmeid^ett (Su* nid*t, 
'' euer iibtea Senefimen, =s übrigen^, ^^ 2Binf, ^° bemüf)cn, *>' mir in bie Gueere 
fommen, ^^ STu^gabe für Suxuogcgenilänbe, ^^t^on gutem ®cfd)macf, "irürbe ic^ 
mir niemals anmvtpen, ^'"bcii gebe id^ ^u, ^^ Streit, ^' ]o »ermutige id\ «^-baS ifl 
npd) ein prächtiger Umilanb ! ''^'^eine fd)one (2inM"d)^ft' '° ""b Balten aupcrcrbcntlic^ 
auf, ^1 guter 9?amen/ '^ fürn.iaftr, "'s fie iDoKcn, bap ??iemanb baben fcU, '-»Sipp^ 
fi)aft, '^ elenbcr Sump, '»^ Qlrmefünberfarrcn, ' ' Unf^eif, '^ S5erbreiter, '^ ücn 
lü;^enbaften ©efd)ic^ten, ^^ ©fanbalmac^er, ^^ S5erläumbcr, ^' befd}rcinfen, ^^ g^c 
be"frei|eit, ^'^mit jiemlic^er ©rajie, "^ i^ serftd^ere, ^^Md) trage niditö nad^, 
^^ öevunglimpfe, ^^ etwaö 1öi)feö, ^^ Saune, ^° aucgemad}t, ^^ müpt 3br eilen, 
°2 ©egenöorfteüungen, ^^ mit mläi einer reijenben Stimme, ^^ 55erad}tung, ^^fie 
jcijt j1^ nie fo fcl)r ju il;rem S3crtljeil. 



ücfitiou XXYII. 



Snfiniti». 


Smperfect. 


9)articip, 


to say 


Said 


Said, 


to see 


saio 


seen. 


to seil 


sold 


sold. 


to send 


sent 


sent. 


to sJmJce 


sliooh 


sJiaheii 


to slwvj 


slioiced 


sJioicn 



228 



^ef)rbiid) ter euölifdjcu (Eprad)c. 



Snfiriitiö. 


Smperfcct. 


SJarticip, 


to shine 


shone 


shone. 


to shoot 


shot 


shot. 


to sliut 


shut 


shut. 


to sing 
to sink 


sang 
sank 


sung. 
sunk. 


to Sit 


sat 


sat. 


to sleep 
to speak 
to spend 


slept 

spoke 

spent 


slept. 

spoken, 

spent. 


to spring 
to stand 


sprang 

sfood 


Sprung, 
stood. 


to steal 


stole 


Stolen. 



^puittttftioncu i^inbctvövtet)—As, lest, tuhen, 
though, either — or, neither — nor, yet. 

9*^e^Ctt Statten — To take pains, to die aivay, tcorth ivMle, 
to encounter, to meet idth, conscience^ conscientious, con- 
sdentiousness, consciousness, conscious, imminent, emi- 
nent, in spite of, angry, anxious, to cherish, that luiU do, 
luhat day of the month ? 



S[Bi)rtcr5S5cr3cii§mg. 



wonclerful, tncrfiTjürtig, 

the like of tliis, tcrgleicl^en» 

see to it, fie^ tid) ijor. 

to spoil, öertcrkn. 

real estate, ®runtetgcntlmm. 

bed-room fumiture, (2d;Iaf^ 

ftubenmi36eL 
to show x^roof, SetreiiS füt)ren. 
crime, 35erkcd^en» 
to shake, fdnittcln, gittern, 
iist, %au\t. 



disappointed, getäufd)t, 

rabbit, ^afe. 

partridge, Sflcb^utitt. 

either — or, entirctcr — otcr. 

to enter, eintreten. 

to spend, gubriniien, 

to spring a leak, einen £cd 

kfommen. 
departure, 5(6fal)rt» 
lest, tamit nid^t. 
detected, entCcdt. 



llnrcgclmafMgc Bcümcrter, Gonjunftioncii 229 



Üiebcusarlcn. 



to take pains, [ic^ SJtü^e Qtkn. 
in spite of, trcP. 
tremendous, un^ebeucr. 
pronunciation, 2tuc'fprai^c» 
foreigner, Stuel ant er, 
to overcome, übenrinten. 
to meet with, crleiren, 
serious, ernftlii^. 
accident, Unfall, 
to be capsized, umfd}Iagert* 
squall, 5Cnnrfte§. 
one of the hands, einer von 

ter 5)cannf*aft. 
to be di'owned, ertrtnfen. 
worth while, ter S)cübe mvtb. 
to apply for, \iö> bemühen um. 
appointment, ßrnennuuvj. 
Ai*ctic expedition, ^olarerpc^ 

tition. 
to encounter, aufflogen. 
obstacle, ^interni^. 
attempt, 53er|udv 
conscience, (i)eirtffen. 



conscientious, getriffcnbaft. 
conscientiousness, @cn?ij[en^ 

f^afti^fcit. 
angry at, bcfc auf» 
conscious, bemufjt. 
of having promised you, ta§ 

icb 3^nen i^erfprccbcn babc. 
consciousness, ^cmuptfcin» 
duty, ^flicbt. 
gratifjdng, jroHtf^ucnK 
eminent, grc§. 
naturalist, 5^aturforfc^cr. 
iniminent, trcbent. 
to forfeit, ijerf(ter3cn. 
anxious, begierig. 
to clierish, liegen, 
towards, gegen, 
that -will do, taö tft genug, 
will this paper do ? ift tic5 

Rapier recbt ? 
what day of the nionth ? ter 

n^ieöielte ? 



lIcBung^s^tufgaBc 1. 

I do not understand what you say ; please say ifc 
again. I said that you should always speak the truth. 
I have Seen many wonderful things, but I never saw 
the like of this. See to it that you do not spoil my 
umbrella. When I sold my house in Fourteenth 
Street, real estate was not as high yet as it is now. 
What have you sold to-day ? I have sold more than 
yesterday ; for yesterday I sold but one set of bed-room 
fumiture, for three sets that I sold this moming. 
Whom did you send to the doctor ? I sent my boy. 
Though he could not show proof of his innocence, yet 
everybody believed him to be innocent of this crime. 
He shook his fist at me, when he found himseK disap- 
11 



230 ^cl)rbud) ter enöUfc^en (^pradje. 

pointed. Please, send for a doctor, as I am shaking 
with a fever. The eartli fairly shook witli the roar of 
cannon. The sun is shining. We were out shooting 
last week. We shot five rabbits and about a dozen 
partridges. Please shut the door. I haye shut it. 
Either sing a song or play a piece on the piano. She 
sang to HS one of Mendelssohn' s songs. When I have 
sung this song, I want you to sing one, too. Won't 
you sit by me ? Thank'^you, I have been sitting all 
day. I sat by his side when his brother entered the 
room. Good night, sleep well. I slept but four honrs 
last night. Arise ; you have slept more than eight 
hours. Where did you spend last night ? I spent it 
at a concert in Stein way Hall. I have spent many an 
hour in his Company. The ship sprang a leak tho 
third day after its departure. He stood beside me. 
Will you stand here until I have finished my business. 
He told US to stand still, lest we should be detected. 
Thou shalt not steal. This money is stolen. 

Üleb entarten : This work is badly done ; in future you 
must take more pains. I took great pains to leam 
English, and in spite of the tremendous difficulties of 
its pronunciation for a foreigner, I may_ now say that 
I have overcomo most of them. In saihng down the 
river in an open boat, they met with a serious acci- 
dent ; their boat was capsized in a squall, and one of 
the hands on board was drowned. Do you think it 
worth my while to apply for this position ? I do not 
think it worth your while, as all the appointments were 
made yesterday. What day of the month is the Arc- 
tic expedition under Captain Hall to start ? Tliey have 
started already, and you may be sure they will en- 
counter great obstacles in their attempt at reaching 
the Arctic Ocean. A man of conscience wiU always 
act conscientiously. The money that was given him 
he spent with the utmost conscientiousness. I am very 
angry at you for disappointing me thus. I am sorry 
that I have disappointed you, but I am not conscious 



Unreöclmä^ißc 3fitivln-tei\ Clonjuufticncu. 231 

of having promised you that I would come. The con- 
sciousness of having done your whole duty is a giati- 
fying feeling. Alexander von Humboldt was a very 
eminent naturalist. You are in imminent danger of 
forfeiting his aftection. I am very anxious to see yoiu* 
Cousin. Are you angry with me yet ? No, not at all ; 
I cherish none but the friendliest feelings towards you. 
Please to pour out a cup of coffee for mc. That will 
do. Will this paper do ? I guess it will. What day 
of the month is it to-day ? It is the twenty-fif th. 



SBiirtcrs^eqcic^nii). 

tafiir, for it. ^oftamt, post-office. 

fein Sehn mad^en, to get a auf tcr ^-^l, hunting. 

hving. freuntUd>, bright. 

üor aüctt X;inv]en, above all. fein 2üftd}en regte ftd), not a 

nod) einmal, once more. breath of air was sthring. 

tamit i^ fann, that I may. ycm blatte, at fii'st sight. 

rcc^t ntadH'n, to do right. fd)eitern, to be wrecked. 

anf ten crftcn ^üd, at the fii'st %oXin, fathom. 

glance. id} ftebe lieber, I prefer staud- 

ckn im ^cgrif'f, just about. iug. 

ipammelflcifd^, mutton. Xub ; Ginbred^er, bm-glar. 

tefteücn, to order. ißanfnoten, bauk-bills. 

rütteln, fd)ütteIrt,to shake. fic^ kfc6atißcn, to get hurt. 



Sßav5 [ciiß H ^u meinem neuen Söagen ? 3^ fage, er ift 
fel)r ()übfd) ; t>u ^aft aber ^u inel tafür be^a^lt. (Sage mir, 
roa^i id) t^un mu'p\ um l)ier mein ichcn ^u madbcn» Xci^^ 
tinl( id) bir fagen* Xu mn^t )^ov allen Xingen englifd) ler^ 
nen. "Sage ik^ xiod) einmal, aber fprid) ctx\^a^^ lauter, tamit 
t^ cö i^erftel)en fann. 5öollen (Bit fel)en, cB id) tte^ red)t 
C5emad)t ()abe ? 3^ fel)e auf bcn erften 33lirf, baj5 e^ t^erfel^rt 
tft. 511^ j^d) beinen 53ruter jum legten S)?al faf), irar er ekn 
im SBegritt nad) tem SSeften ;^u ge|cn. SSic tbeuer i^crfau^ 
fen Bit tiefen Xtfd) ? I)iefer ^ifd) ift i^erfauft ; akr id^ 



232 2e][)rBu^ tcr enc5Ufd)ctt (Spraye» 

^erfaufe 3^uen einen anbern cbtn fo guten für §30* §aft 
tu teine bcicen 5)ferte i^erfauft ? 3c^ ^cibe weter taö (Sine 
ncd) taö '2(ntere i^erfauft SBaö foU id) 3^nen fd)icfen ? 
Sd)icfen Sie mir ^trei 9)funb Butter unfc ein 9>funb guten 
^afe. ^at ber gieif^er fd)on ba^ $amme(f(eifd) öefd)icft, 
ta^5 i^ tiefen ?J?orgen ki il)m l^efteKte ? (£r l^at ev ncd) 
ni^t öefd}icft* dinuk nic^t an tem Zi\ä); id) fann nidu 
f^reibem ^aft tu alle 5(epfel 'oon tiefem ^aume aBgcfd^üt^ 
te(t ? SöoIIen (Sie mir geigen, tt)o taö 5^cftamt ift ? ^^uü 
tu meinen ^rief teinem S5ater gezeigt ? 3d) I)aBe ibn ihm 
noc^ nii^t gezeigt, aber fobalt er nac^ $aufe gefcmmen ift, 
mii id) il)m tenfelben geigen. 2Bir njaren geftern auf ter 
3agt. Xie Sonne jc^ien fo freunt Ud) unt) fein ^üftc^en 
regte ftd), Sir fd)o]]en fünf ^afen unt ettt?a tin Xu^ent 
ditbi)iii)\KV. Soaft tu tie Xf;ür jugemad)t? t^enn nic^t, fo 
mad)e fte gleic^ ^u, Sie ift ju* Tonnen Sie fingen? @e^ 
imp* 2)ann fingen Sie mir, ic^ Inttc, tiefet Sieb »or. 3c^ 
muß Sie bitten mid) ju jntfct)ulrigen, id) fann ni^t 5?om 
blatte ftn_gen* Xaö S^ifT fd)eiterte an ter Äüfte i?on glo^ 
rita unt fanf unter in je{)n gaben SSajfer. Se^en Sie ftc^ 
gefäl(igft._ 3^ banfe, id) ]tcl)t lieber; id) l^abc ben gan^^en 
Zac^ gefeiien. 2Bo ^aft bu {)nitt ben ganzen Xag ^ugebrad)t ? 
3d) bvad)tt ibnauf bem^anbe ju mit einigen metner greunbe, 
SBie ineic Sprad)en fbnnen Sic fpreAen? 3^ fpred)e 
beutfc^, fran^öfifd) unb englifd^ ; früf)er fprad) jd) and) bä^ 
nifd) ; id) i)aht btefe Sprad)e aber faft i^erc|e)|en. ^^orige 
?lad)t fprang ein Xieb hd mir ^um genfter f)inein unb ]ta\)l 
mir meine golrene lU)r unb fünfzig Itjaler in ^anfnoten» 
Stcbe nid)t ^u nal;e Hi ber Wla]d)int, bamit bu bic^ nid)t ht^ 
f^abigft, 

2c)c\iM 1. 

A STORM AT SEA. (Gin eccrmrm.) 

1. This day I was gratified ^ witli wliafc I Lad often 
desired to -^itness^ — the condition of the sea in a tem- 
pest.^ I Lad contemplated ^ tlie ocean in all its otlier 
pLases,^ and tliey are almost innumerable. At one 
time it is seen reposing ^ in perfect stillness under tlie 



Unregelmäpiöc S^iti^^^rter, Goniunftioncn. 233 

blue sky aud bricht sun.. At anotlier, sliglitlj ruffled ;^ 
and then its motion causes^ his rajs^ to tremble ^^ and 
dance in broken fragments of silvery or golden light, — 
and tlie siglit ^^ is dazzled ^^ bv following ^" tlie track ^^ 
from whenco bis beams ^^ are reflected, — wliile all 
besides ^^ seems to frown ^' in the darkness of its 
ripple.^^ 

2. Again it may be seen somewliafc more agitated ^^ 
and of a darker hue,^*^ under a clouded sky ^^ and a 
stronger and increasing wind. Then you see an occa- 
sionaP^ -wave, rising a little above tlie rest, and cvovra- 
ing^^ its summit "^ mth tliat crest of -white,^^ breaking 
from its top^^ and tumbling over ~' like liquid ^^ alabas- 
ter. I had seen the ocean, too, by moonlight, and as 
much of it as may be seen in the darkness, when the 
moon and stars are veiled.-^ But nntil to-day I had 
never seen it in correspondence with the Tempest. 

3. After a breeze^*^ of some sixty hours from the 
north and north-west, the wind died away^^ about four 
o'clock yesterday af temoon. The calm ^^ continued tili 
about nine in the evening. The mercury ^^ in the bar- 
ometer feil, in the meantime, at an extraordinary rate;^^ 
and the captain predicted^^ that we should encounter^*^ 
a " gale" ^'' from the south-east. The " galo " came 
on, at aboufc eleven o'clock ; not violent ^^ at first, but 
increasing every moment. I awoke with a confused 
recollection of a good deal of rolling and thumping ^^ 
through the night, which was occasioned ^*^ by the 
dashing^^ of the waves against the ship. 

4. Hurrying on my clothes,^' I found such of the 
passengers as could stand, at the doors of the hurri- 
cane-house,^^ "holding on," and looking out in the 
utmost consternation.^^ Ifc was still quite dark. Four 
of the sails were abeady in ribbons ; ^^ the winds whist- 
hng through the cordage;^*^ the rain dashing furious- 
ly ^^ and in torrents ; ^^ the noise and spray ^^ scarcely 
less than I found them under the gi-eat sheet^*^ at 
Niagara. And in the midst of all this, the captain, 
with his speaking trumpet, the officers, and the sailors, 



234 2c!)rlmd) ter cnölifd)en <Sprad^e» 

screaming"^^ to each other in efforts^^ to be lieard — tliis, 
all tbis, in tlie darkness wliich precedes^^ the dawning'^ 
of day, and with the f ury of tlie liurricane, combined ^^ 
to form as mucli of the terrihhj sublime^'^ as I ever wish 
to witness concentrated in one scene.^^ 

5. The passengers, though silent, were filled mth 
apprehension.^^ What the extent'^ of danger, and hov/ 
all this would terminate,^^ -s^-ere questions which rose in 
my own mind,*^^ although I was unconscious ^^ of fear 
or trepidation.^^ But to such questions there are no 
answers ; for this knowledge " resides ^^ only with him 
who " guides^*^ the storm, and directs" the whirlwind." 
We had encountered, however, as yet, only the com- 
mencement ^^ of a gale, whose terrors^^ had been 
heightened '^ by its suddenness,' ^ by the darkness, and 
by the confusioD. It continued to blow furiously for 
twenty-four hours ; so that during the whole day I 
enjoyed'^ a yiew,"'^ wliich, apart from''^ its dangers, 
would be yrorth a voyage across the Atlantic. 

6. The ship was driven madly '^ through the raging'*' 
waters, and when it was impossible to walk the decks 
without imminent ' ' risk of being lif ted up and carried 
away by the winds, the poor sailors were kej^t alof 1:,'^ 
tossing ''^ and swinging about the yards ^^ and in the 
tops,^^ clinging ^^ by their bodies, feet, and arms, with 
mysterious ^^ tenacity,^^ to the spars, while their hands 
were employed in taking in^^ and securing ^'^ sail. 

' erfreut, 2 jn fc^,en, 3 (^turm, ^ ktradnct, ^ ©eilaltungcn (5)^afen), ^ ru- 
l^enb, ' leicht gcfraufcU, ^ ma*t; lapt, ^ ^traWcn, '° gittern, " ba<3 5lugc, 
^' wirb öcbicnbet, ^^ ^^^^.^ ^^ |(,j^j^ i4 3pur, ^^ ^traMen, ^^ »ä^renb 9lIIeiJ 
auBerbalb, ^^ ju grollen f*eint, ^* in bcm bunflen ©efräufel, '^ kn^egt, 
2° Öarl^c, 2' ki umtüölftem Fimmel, ^' öelcgcntUd), ^3 fäumenb, ^^ SpiPe, 
2^ mit einem tvei^en Ä'amme, ^e ©ipfet, s: übcrilür^cnb, ^s fiüffig, " tebetft, 
20 S3rife, ^i jcgte ficfi, ^2 brrjij^t^ftiße, ^ Guecffilt^er, ^4 „^it au§ercrbentli*er 
iSc^nelle, ^ prophezeite, ^^ bap »ir l^efteben würben, ^' ©türm, ^ befii;i, 
2^ «Stampfen, ^ perurfa*t, ^^ ©klagen, ^^ mi* f*nctt in bie Äleiberwerfcnb, 
*3 Drfanbau^, ^ gröpter Sfngtlserwifrung, ^^ ^eten, ^^ lafelage, ^' gpp wie 
rafenb :^erab, *^ in'Strömen, ^-^^ Staubregen, ^o SBafferfall, ^^ fcbreienb, '" 2ln^ 
jlrengung, -''^ öcraucgcM, ^^ 2;age5anbrud>, ^^ f^^^^ '^ufammcn, *^ i?pn bcm 
(5cf)recflic^*Sr&aknen, " 5tnMicf, '"^ mit 5{ngtl erfüUt, ^^ ©röFC *^<> cnbcn, 
«' ÜJeiil, «2 i^j^ (unbewutn), «^ 3ittern, <^ SBiiTen, ^^ bcfiubct lut' ^'^ Ic"^^' 



UuregclmaHige 3citn?ürtcn donjunfticnen» 235 

«' regiert, «« STnfanct, «^ ©djrccfen, •<> erl)ö§t trorben waren, ^^ g)löi-Uc{^fcit, 
'ägcno^, " 5lnblicf, ■''»aKjcfcljenöcn, ''MDUb, 'Mobenb, '' brcl)cnb, '^ cbcit 
in ben 5)?a)1en, "^^ ^in unb I)cr (Kfdyieubcrt, ^o fRacn, ^^ 5??ailfpiC^e, *2 pj^^ jt^j-^, 
l^altcnb, S3 rät^fel&aft, «4 3ji^JQfj;it; e^ g^cffcn, ^"^ Scftmaa^en. 

ßefcflütf 2. 

A STORM AT SEA. (Sd}tutl.) 

1. On deck, tlie officers and men made tlicmselves 
safe^ by ropes;'-^ but liow tlie gallant^ fellows aloft 
kept from being blown out of tlie rigging/ was equallj 
a matter^ of wonder^ and admiration.^ However, 
abont seven o'clock they liad taken in wliat canvass ^ 
liad not blown away, except tlie sails by means of 
wliich ^ tlie vessel ^^ is kept steady.^^ At nine o'clock 
tlie liurricane liad acquired ^^ its füll force. There was 
no more work to be done. Tlie sliip lay to/^ and tliose 
wlio had her in cliarge ^^ only remained on deck to be 
prepared for wliatever of disaster^^ miglit occur.^^ 
Tlie breakfast-hour came and passed, unheeded ^' by 
most of tlie passengers. 

2. By tliis tinie tbe sea was roUing up its hurricane 
waves ; and tliat I miglit not lose tlie grandeur ^^ of 
such a yiew, I fortified ^^ niyself against the rain and 
spray, and in spite of -^ the fierceness ^^ of the gale, 
planted myself in a position ^^ favorable for a survey "^ 
of all round me, and in safety,^^ so long as the shij)'s 
strong ribs might hold together. I had often seen 
paintings of a storm at sea, but here was the original. 
These iinitations ^^ are oftentimes graphic ^*^ and faith- 
ful, as far as they go ; but they are necessarily ^^ de- 
ficient ^^ in accompaniments ^^ which paintings cannot 
supply,^^ and are therefore feeble and ineffective.^^ 

3. You have, upon canvas,^^ the ship and the sea, 
but, as they come from the hands of the artist, so they 
remain. The universal motion'^'^ of both is thus ar- 
rested ^^ and made stationary.^^ There is no subject 
in which the pencil of the painter acknowledges^^ more 
its indebtedness ^' to the imagination ^^ than in its at- 
tempts ^^ to delineate ^^ the sea storm. 



236 M)xbnd) ter eitßlifc^en (ipradjc, 

4. It was not tlie least remarkable, and hj far the 
most comfortable circumstance^^ in this combination^^ 
of all that is grand and terrible, tliat, furions as were 
the Tvinds, towering ^^ and tlireatening ^^ as were the 
billows/^ our glorious bark preserved^^ her equiUb- 
rium ^' against the fury of the one, and the buoyancy^^ 
in despite of the altemate precipice and avalanche of 
the other.''^ True it is, she was made to wliistle 

, through her cordage,^*^ to creak ^^ and moan ^^ through 
all her timbers,^^ even to her masts. True it is, she 
was made to plunge ^^ and rear,^^ to tremble and reel 
and stagger.^*^ Still, she continued to scale^' the 
watery mountain,^^ and rido on its very summit, nntil, 
as it roUed onward from beneath^^ her, she descended'^*^ 
gently on her pathway/'- ready to triumph again and 
again over each succeeding waye. 

5. At such a moment it was a matter ^~ of profound 
deliberation "^^ which most to admirc, the majesty of 
God in the winds and waves, or his goodness and wis- 
dom in enabling ^'^ his ereatures to contend ^^ with and 
overcome ^'^ the elements even in the fierceness of their 
anger.*^*^ To cast one's eye abroad ^' on the scene that 
surrounded me at this moment, and to think man 
shoiild have said to himself, " I will bnild myself an 
ark ^'^ in the midst of yoii, and ye shall not preyent ^^ 
my passage ; nay, ye indomitable ''^ wares shall bear 
me up, and ye winds shall waft '^ me onward !" And 
yet there we were in the fulness ""^ of this fearful ex- 
periment ! 

6. I had never believed it possible for a vessel to en- 
counter such a hurricane without being dashed or torn 
to pieces, at least in all her masts and rigging ; for I 
am persuaded '^ that had the same tempest passed as 
furiously over your town, during the same length of 
time, it would have left scarcely a house standing. 
The yielding '^ character of the element in which the 
vessel is launched '^ is the great secret of safety on 
such occasions. Hence, wheu gales occur upon the 
Wide ocean, there is httle danger ; but when they drive 



Unrcöclmäpij^c B^itirörtcr, CEcnjunftioncn. 237 

you upon breakers/'^ on a lec sliore,' ' wliere the keel 
comes in contact '"^ with " the too solid earth," then it 
is impossible to escape shipwreck. 

7. I never experieuced a Sensation "^ of fear on the 
ocean ; but this tempest has increased my confidence 
tenfold, not only in the sea but in the ship. It no 
longer snrprises nie that few vessels are lost at sea, for 
they and their element are made for each other. And 
the practica! conclusion ^*^ from this experienco of a 
gale is encouraging for all my future navigation. I 
shall have confidence in my ship now, as I have eTer 
had in the sea. Eyer since my eyes first rested on the 
ocean, I have cherished^^ an instinctive ^~ affection for 
it, as if it were something capable ^^ of sympathy and 
benevolence. T\Tien cahn, it is to me a slumbering in- 
fant. How tranqnilly ^^ it sleeps ! 

^ Banbcn ftd) fc|l, ^ Xauc, ^ wacfer, * S^afclage, ^ cknfo fcl^r ein£<Sa($e, 
^ SJcrwunberung, ^ S3c»unberumi, * oegel, ^ öermittelil beren, ^" Schiff, "fe|l 
im dour^ gefialten mxb, ^'- erlangt, ^^ legte hti, ^^ Slufftc^t, ^= Unglücf, ^^ fid) 
ereignen möd;te, ^' unbeachtet, '- ©rcgartigfeit, ^^ n^affnete ic^ micb, -'^ trrP/ 
21 Si5ut{), 2- ^^Dftirte mid) in eine ^^ofition, -^ Ueücrblicf, -^ gcfc^üM, '^^ ^Ud}b\U 
bungen, -^ fpred>enb ä^nlic^ (trefrcnb), ^^ nctbroenbigertveife, ^* ntangcüvaft, 
23 im Buöe^ör, s*^ liefern, ^^ ü|)ne Sötrfung, '- Seinwanb, ^ bic gan^elBeae^ 
gung, -^ fcilgebannt, ^^ firirt, ^^ ancrfennt, ^' iBertflit^tung, ^5 5>i>antafte, 
39 vcrfud)en, ^^ ab5ubilben, ^^ bcr tröftUcbile Umilanb, *■ ^ufammentreffen, "^^ ftd) 
tprmcnb, ■^ bro^enb, ^^ SBogen, "^^ kn?al»rte, ^' ©let*gett?id)t, ^' (Seetüdnig== 
feit, ^' trofe ber 2(bgrünbe unb bem lairinenartigen ^Jicbcrftürjcn ber anbcrn, 
'^^ %auQ, ^1 frad}en, ^'^ |löbncn, ^=^ Oüpten, ^ fcpfüber binabftür^en, ^^ jtc^ bäu^ 
men, '"^ taumeln, " ju erflimmen, ^'^ SBafferberg, '"^ unter, ^^ glitt fanft ^inab, 
" 9)fab, ^2 ^^^1 fragti^, «2 tarin, bap er in ben otanD fe^t, "fämpfen, *^He^ 
ftegen, ^^ Söutl», " 'feine Slugen fd>n}eifcn ^u laffen über, s* STrÄe, "^ |>inbcm, 
'0 unbc'^tt}ingIidV, "^ tragen, "''^ mitten in, '^ überzeugt, '^ na*gcbenb, " babin^ 
fegelt, ''^ 23ranbuna, '' an ber itieefcite, '^ 3?erübrung, " ©efü^I, ^^ (cc^Uuffcl^ 
gerung, -^ gehegt, '^2 inftinftartig, ^^ j^i-^^ a j^^tg» ' 



238 



!2el)rbud} tcr engUfc^cn ^prac^e. 



£cfitio!i XXVIII. 






9)räfen6. 
to stich 
to sting 
to strike 
to strive 
to swcar 
to stueep 
to sivim 
to take 
to teacJi 
to tear 
to teil 
to thinh 
to tliroio 
to tread 
to icear 
to weep 
to tvin 
to icind 

to work 

to icring 
to lorite 



Sm^erfeft. 
stuck 
stung 
Struck 
sfrove 
sicore 
sicejjt 
sicam 
took 
tanglit 
tore 
toJd 
thongJit 
tJireio 
trocl 
icore 
icept 
tcon 
wouncl 
■ lürouglit 
icorked 
icrung 
ivrote 



3)erf. 5)art. 

stuck, 

stung. 

Struck, stricken. 

striven, 

sworn, 

swept. 

sioum. 

taken. 

taugTit. 

torn, 

told. 

tJiought. 

tlirown. 

trodden. 

icorn, 

U'ejyt. 

icon 

icound 

lürouglit. 

lüorked, 

icrung. 

icritten. 



^rdpotltioncn — Äbove, across, olong, amid, around, 
beloiv, heneatJi, heside, heyond, hut, down, except, out of, 
over, i^ast, save, since, under, underneath, up. 

© oniunf t tonen— r/ioz^A, cdtJiough, lefore, as soon «s, 
?i0 ive VC r, luJiereas. 



Unrcgelmäpiöe ßcitn^crtcr» 93räpofftionen» 239 



3le^Ctt!§attcn — In hehalf of, both — a7id, to prefer io, to 
fall to the share, to award^ to reward^ as to, to concur 
lo'ith somehody in something, to dispose of, on my pari, 
very (al0 Stbjefti»), to attribute, to contributey to tender, 
to adjourn. 



to strive, ftd) kmu§Ctt,!äm|)fcn, 
to wade, hjaten* 
swamp, Sumpf» 
to stick fast, ftedcn Hcibcn. 
to sting, ftcd^en» 
to obtain, erlatt^ctt. 
livelihood, £ebcnöuntcrl)a(t» 
to excel, ükrtreffen, 
temptation, 3Serfu(^ung» 
to wring, turingcn. 
feat, 3:t)at, ^unftftiicf, 
boldness, ^ü^n^eit» 
drawer, ®d)ublate» 
to tear, 3errei§en» 
inentering, kirn .^creinfteigetu 
to come and see, k|U(^cn, 
beneatli me, unter meiner 

Sßiirte, 
to chop, l^aätn* 
prospect, ';Muö|id)t. 
ill-humor, üble Saune, 
to tread, treten, 
toe, 3cl)e, 
to guess, rat()cn. 
coffin, (Sarg, 
darling, SieHing, 
at first sight, auf ten erften 

yarn, ®arn, 

as a gener al thing, für ge- 

tuö^nlic^, 
wrought iron, Sc^mieteeifen, 
cast iron, (Su^eifen, 



lRcfccn§ttrtcn. 

in behalf of, gu Q3unjl:cn. 

both — and, fo»o(y( — alö aud). 

to plead, plaitiren, 

to iDrefer, Vorlieben, 

to concur witL, ü6creinftim^ 

mtn mit, 
it lias fallen to my share, c5 

ift mir ric ^(ufgal'c ju 2:ßci( 

geirorrcn, 
to award, crtl)eilcn, geben, 
fitting, pajlfcnt, 
reward, ^elct)nung, 
perseverance, ^ucrauer, 
as to, in .^infidt auf, 
to dispose of, verfügen über, 
libraiy, Sibliot^ef, 
the very lieight of folly, tie 

Cuinteffenj ijon D^arrbeit, 
tlie Tery day, am ndmlii^en 

exceedingly, auj^erortentlic^, 

to attribute, gufd)reiben, 

coui-tesy, ^cfJici>feit, 

to contribute, beifteuern, 

erection, 53au, 

on my part, öon meiner Seite, 

to tender resignation, feine 

S^efignatiott einreichen, 
heartfelt, ^erjlid, 
favors, ©unftbejeugungen, 
bestowed, erliefen. 
to adjoum, ft(^ vertagen. 



240 ^ii)xbvLd) tcr engUfd)en (3pra^e, 

Ucbungg^^IufgttBc 1. 

I was striving to wade througli tlie swamp ; but be- 
fore I was half way through it I stuck fast. Will you 
stick a pin in my coUar ? I have stuck one in already. 
Bees and musquitoes and some other insects sting ; I 
was stung by musquitoes last night. When the clock 
strikes nine I want you to go to bed. The clock has 
Struck. I am striving hard to obtain a livelihood. All 
m}' scholars have striven to excel each other. I often 
strove against this temptation. I could swear to it 
that this is the very man who Struck the woman, al- 
though I have seen him but once. He has swom to 
teil the truth. As soon as you have swept the room I 
want you to wring out the wasli ; the room has not 
been swept since last week. Byron swum across the 
Hellespont, a feat which was accomplished before him 
by Leander, who finally, however, paid his boldness 
with his life. How much money did you take out of 
the drawer ? I took no money from the drawer. I 
have taken medicine. Most people will teach as they 
have been taught, although they may have been taught 
quite wrong. Don't tear your dress. You only tore 
one yesterday. My new coat is torn ; I tore it in en- 
tering the stage. I told you to come and see me at 
any time past two o' clock. Please to teil us another 
story. Do you chop your wood yourself ? Yes, sir ; 
I certainly do not think it beneath me to chop my own 
wood ? What do you think of the prospects of peace ? 
He thought he would obtain employment as soon as 
he came here ; but in this he was gi'eatly disappointed. 
Throw off your ill-humor. Jack has thrown away his 
new ball ; he threw it out of the Tvindow across the 
street. Do not tread upon my toes. This path has 
been trodden so often thatit is quite hard. How much 
did you pay for your new set of clothes which you wore 
yesterday ? Well, guess. You did not jjay more than 
fifty dollars, did you ? You are nearly right ; it cost 
fifty dollars less two. How long have you worn this 



Unregelmäßige 3eitworten 5)räpofitionen. 241 

coat ? I have wom it one wiuter ; I never wear a coat 
longer than a year. What are you weeping for ? I am 
weeping over mj misfortune. She stoocl beside the 
open coffin and wept over the loss of her darling child. 
How much have you won ? I did neither win nor lose 
anything. She won my heart at first sight. Please, 
wind up this yam for me. When you have wound up 
the yarn you must write a letter. How many hours do 
you work a day ? As a general thing I work eight 
hours evcry day, but to-day I have worked ten hours. 
Do you know what wrought iron is ? Wrought iron is 
much more expansive than cast iron. 

9icJ3cn§crtcn. — I wish to say a word in behalf of a 
very unfortunate man who lost both his sons and prop- 
erty during the late war. The advocate pleaded for 
more than an hour in behaK of the prisoner, I prefer 
riding on horseback to riding in a carriage. I fuUy 
concur with you in preferring a sea-voyage to traveling 
by railroad. It has fallen to my share to award this 
handsome medal to you as a fitting reward for your 
diligence and perseverance. There can be no doubt 
as to the duty of children to obey their parents. These 
opinions were concurred in by the majority of those 
present. I have disposed of all my property but my 
Hbrary. This seems to me the yery height of folly. I 
started the very day my brother died. It is sometimes 
exceedingly difficult to attribute a natural phenomenon 
to its proper causes. This want of courtesy must be 
attributed to his ignorance. I have come to learn if 
you will contiibute something towards the erection of 
a new school-house which we intend to build in our 
district. If I do not contribute more than a hundi'ed 
dollars, you must not attribute it to any want of in- 
terest on my part. I hereby tender my resignation as 
Secretary of your Board. In tendering you my heart- 
felt thanks for the many favors bestowed upon me, I 
have the honor to be yours, &c. (and so forth). I 
make a motion to adjourn. A motion of adjoumment 



242 



!^e()rbud) Hx englif^en (Sprad^e* 



has been made and seconded. All in fayor of this 
motion will signif j bj saying ave ! contrarj, no ! The 
motion is carried. 



Sßiirtcr5S5cr3ci(5mf|. 



(Stecfnatel, pin. 
fragen, coUar. 
hxau^tn, to want. 
fiel' fcid) ^or, take care. 
empftntUd), sensitive, 
aul ow! 

fid) cinHlrcu, to imagine. 
foetett, just now. 
^li^, liglitning. 
neigen, beside. 
SSotcit, ground. 
ftd) kmül)en, to talic 

to try liard. 
3orn, temper. 
kftcgcn, to conqner. 
S3ürger, Citizen. 
Xxnu \&)Vomn, to swear 

oath of allegiance. 
3flegierung, government. 
23aterlant, country. 



pams 



the 



tiö am, but. 

Xictter, poet. 

noc^ einer, anotber. 

fic| in ^(|t nehmen ^or, to be 

on one's guard against ; 

to beware of. 
trauen, to tmst. 
Umftänte, condition. 
Iel)ren, to teach. 
unterrichten, to instnict. 
3eug, ciotbes. 
kftrafen, to punisb. 
am meiteften, fartbest. 
ipiit)neraugen, corns. 
fterben, to die. 
Scbante, disgrace. 
Söette, bet. 
2öafd^e, wasb. 
öuemringen, to Tvring. 
2öäfd}en>ringer,clotbes-wringer. 



3Bt[lft tu mir eine ^aM in meinen 5lra(^en ftcdfen ? 3cf) 
][)aBe fd)on eine l^incingeftecft, aber idj braucl)e nod) eine mehr, 
^ief)' tid) aber i^cr unt) fttd) mid) nur nid)t ; ic^ bin fcbr em^ 
:pnnb(id)» 5lu! tu baft mid^ f^on gefto^en! 3c^ ^<ii^t tid) 
nid)t (^efto^en ; tu bilteft tir taö bloö ein. ^a^ fc^lug tic 
U^r foeben? Xk Ubr ^at foeben neun gefc^lagen. X)tv 
^{[^ f^lug neben unferm §aufe in ten ^oten. Du mu§t 
tid) bemü"f)en teinen Born ^u beftegen. 3c^ f^abe mir oft 
Tlü^t gegeben, aber immer umfonft. S>enn tu bter Bürger 
«werten voili^, tann mujjt tu tcr 9tegierung tcineö neuen 3>a^ 
terlantee 2:reue fd)n?oren. ^^at ta$ 2)ienftmätc^en tic 3im==* 



Unreöelmäfngc 3^itn)5rtei\ ^räpofittonen» 243 

mer fc^on gefeiert ? <8ie W <i^^^ o,dcl)xt li^ auf ba$ Qm^ 
pfang^^immer. 2)cr enßlifd)e 3)id)ter 33pron fc^iramm über 
ten «öcUefpont ^)inüben 9le^men (Sie nod) eine (Eigarre auö 
tcr Äifte» 3c^ tank, id) l)aht \djcn eine genommen, ^tl)^ 
men Sie ft^ in %d)t 'oox tiefem 2}knfd)en ; trauen (Sie i^m 
unter feinen Umftänbem 2öer l)at tid) f^tüimmcn ({.ütlixt ? 
9liemanb f)at mid) barin unterrid)tet ; id) l;al5e taö öon^mir 
felber ßelernt» Xn l)a\t fc^on tt)ieber beinen 'Stod ;\errii|en ; 
tc^ faßte bir bod) I)eute ?:)torgen, bu fotiteft bid) in %dii nd)^ 
men, tun Beug nid)t ;^u ^^erreif^en ; id;) bcnfe id) mug bid) 
je^t beftrafen, S3a6 ^abcn Sie ö^bad)t, a(i3 Sie l^örten, ic^ 
l)ätte meine ?^arm i?erfauft? 3d) bad)te, Sie I)ätten fel)r 
fing baran öet()an» ^aijct un3 ]d)tn, mx x^on unö am ii>ei;= 
teften n^erfcn fann. 3d) ^abc am n?eitcftcn öcjrorfcn» %i^ 
id) f)eute 2)?ori]en in bem Dmnibuö war, trat mir 3emanb 
auf meine ^&u|neraugcn. 3d) i)aU bicfen Ucberrcd je^t 
lancje genug getragen; id) n^erbe i\)n nid)t länger tragen. 
9]ie i)abt id) mcbr gctüeint, a(^ ba meine S)tuttcr %ixl>. C^y 
ift feine Sd)anbe fiir einen Wlann, '^n ttjcinen. ®er i>on cud) 
beiben \)at bie SBette gewonnen? |)einrid) \)ai fte gewonnen ; 
er gewinnt nnmen 23ic lange I)aft bu l)eute gearbeitet ? 3d) 
l)ahc fec^^^tunbcn gearbeitet; für gewb^n(id) arbeite id^ adjt 
Stunben. paft bu bie Safere au^gewrungen ? 3c^ j[)abe fte 
auf bem 2Bäfd)ewringcr au^^gewrungen. Sobalb ai^ id) wie- 
ber gefunb bin, werbe id) bir einen langen ^rief fd)rciben. 

ßeiefiiic! 1. 

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 

{'Lk ißcrcimsten «Staaten »on 5lmeri!a.) 

The United States of America constitute ^ an essen- 
tial ^ portion ^ of a great political System, embracing ^ 
all the civilized nations of the earth. At a period when 
the force of moral opinion is rapidly increasing,^ they 
haYe the precedence ^ in the practice and in the de- 
fence"^ of the equal rights of man. The sovereignty of 
the people^ is here a conceded ^ axiom,^° and the laws, 
established upon that basis, are cherished^^ with faith- 



244 ^el)rBuc^ ter cnglifd)en (5prad)e. 

ful patriotism. While the nations of Eiirope aspire ^^ 
after change, our Constitution engages ^^ the lond ^^ 
admii'ation of tlie people, by which it lias been es- 
tablished. Prosperity^^ follows the execution of even^*^ 
justice ; invention is quickened by the freedom of com- 
petition '^^ and labor rewarded with sure and unexam- 
pled retums. Domestic ^^ peace is maintained ^^ T\dth- 
oiit the aid of a military establishment ; public senti- 
ment ^^ permits the existence of but few standing 
troops, and those only along the seaboard and on the 
frontiers.^^ A gallant^^ navy~^ protects our commerce, 
which spreads its banners on every sea, and extends ^^ 
its enterprise to every cHme. Öur diplomatic rela- 
tions ^"^ connect us on terms of equality and honest 
friendship with the cliief ^^ powers of the world ; while 
we avoid entangling'^^ participation in^^ their intrigues, 
their passions,"^ and their wars. Our national re- 
sources^'^ are develoj)ed ^^ by an eamest culture of the 
arts of peace. Every man may enjoy the fruits of his 
industry ; every mind is free to publish "" its convic- 
tions.^^ Our govemment, by its Organization, is ne- 
cessarily identified with the interests of the people, and 
relies'^^ exclusively on their attachment"^ for its durabil- 
ity and support. Even the enemies of the state, if 
there are any among us, have liberty to express their 
opinions undisturbed ; and are safely tolerated,"*^ where 
reason ^^ is left free to combat ^'^ their errors.^^ Nor is 
the Constitution a dead letter, unalterably ^^ fixed ; it 
has the capacity for improvement ; adopting whatever 
changes time and the public will may require, and safe 
from^^ decay,*- as long as that will retains^^ its energj^. ^^ 
New States are forming in the wilderness ; canals, in- 
tersecting ^^ our plains and crossing our highlands, 
open numerous Channels to internal ^^ commerce ; 
manufactures prosper ^^ along our watercourses ; ^^ the 
use of steam on our rivers and railroads annihilates ^^ 
distance by the acceleration ^^ of speed. Our wealth 
and population, already giving us a place in the fii'st 
rank of nations, are so rapidly cumulative,^^ that the 



Unrcgelmafnöc 3cittt)'i3rtcv» ^^räpofiticneu. 2-15 

former is increasecl foiirfold, and tlio latter is doiibled 
in every period of twentj-two or twenty-threo years. 
There is no national debt ; the Community is opulent ;^- 
tlie govemment economical, and the public treasury ^" 
füll. Eeligion, neitber persecuted ^^ nor paid by tbo 
State, is sustained ^^ by tho regard ^'^ for public morals 
and tlie convictions of an enlightened faith.^' Intel- 
ligence is diffused ^^ witli unparalleled ^^ universality ;'^^ 
a free press teems ^^ 'v^üth tlie choicest ^^ productions of 
all nations and ages. There are moro daily Journals 
in the United States than in the world beside. A 
public document of general interest is, within a month, 
reproduced ^^ in afc least a million of copies, and is 
brought within the reach of every f reeman in the coun- 
try. An immense concourse^^ of emigrants of the most 
yarious lineage,^^ is perpetually ''^ crowding^' to our 
shores ; and the principles of HJberty, uniting all inter- 
ests by the Operation of equal laws, blend ^^ the dis- 
cordant*^^ elements into harmonious union. Other gov- 
emments are conyulsed by tho innoyations '^ and re- 
forms of neighboring states ; our Constitution, fixed 
in the affections of the people, from whose choice ^^ it 
has Sprung, neutralizes the influence of foreign prin- 
ciples, and fearlessly opens an asylum to the virtuous,'^ 
the unfortunate, and the oppressed '^ of every nation. 

And yet it is but little more than tvro centuries,''^ 
since the oldest of our States received its first per- 
manent'^ colony. Before that time the wliole territory 
was an unproductive ''^ waste. Throughout its wide 
extent '^ the arts had not erected a monument. Its 
only inhabitants were a f ew scattered'^ tribes' ^ of f eeble 
barbarians, destitute ^^ of commerce and of political 
connection. The axe and the ploughshare were un- 
known. The soil,^^ which had been gathering fertil- 
ity ^- fi'om the repose ^" of centuries, was lavishing ^^ 
its strength in magnificent but useless Vegetation. In 
the view of civilization, the immense domain was but 
a solitude.^^ .... 

Bakcroft. 



246 2cl;rl)uc[) ber cuölifd^cn 3prad}c. 

^ H(ben,_ ^ njcfcntUc^» ^ Scflanbt^eil, ^ umfaffenb, ^ rafcC) in bcr 3u' 
nal^mc kgrirrcn \]1, ^ SJorfpruno, ' SBat)runc^, ^ SJolf^foitöeränitot, ^ ancr- 
fannt, '"(^runbfat^ J' gepflegt, ^Mrac^ten, ^^ ^cft^t, iMnnig, ^^ SBo^Iilanb, 
^•^ unpart()eiifd), " 2J?itberoerbung, ^** nad) innen, '^ aufred)ter^atten, ^'^ ^ti- 
nung, ^i ©ränjc, 22 ^^pfer, 23 ^lottc, 24 ausbreitete, 25 «ßeMc^ungen, 
2*5 ^aupt, 27 sjcrmciben, 2» ima ju »erwicfcin in, 29 ßeibenfc^aften, ^"^ ^ülf5=* 
quellen, ^i cmcitcrn fid}, ^- laut werben lu. laffen, ^3 Ueber^eugungen, ^4 ^^^^^ 
Iä§t fid}, 3^ Buneigung, ^'^ gcbulbet, ^'^ iBernunft, ^^ befämpfen, ^^ Srrt^ü^ 
mcr, '«'unabänberlid}, ^i j-i,:[,cr ijp^^, ^^ ^cx^aü, ^^ :^e^ält, -" Sebenöfraft, 
'^^ burc^fd}neibenb, ^'^ einl}cimifc|, ^^ Mitten, *^ Sßafferfiragen, ^^ :^ebt auf» 
^° S^ergröperung, ^' ftnb fo rafc^ im Bune^men, ^2 j^i^, 53 (5d)a|, ^ »erfolgt, 
^5 geilü^t, ^"^ CRücffic^t, ^^ eines erlcud)teten ©laubenS, ^^ verbreitet, ^' unyer== 
gleidjlid), ^o g(ii_^emeinl}cit, ^^ firömt über, ^2 außerlefen, ^^ »eri:)ielfältigt, ^ Bu* 
flup, ^^ ^crfunft, ^*^ fceftänbig, " ergicfu fid), ^^ s^erbinben, ^^ iDiberflreitenb, 
'0 9ccuerungen, ^^ SSa^I, " tugeub^aft, " unterbrücft, '•* Sa^r^unberte, '^ bau^ 
crnb, '"^ unfrud)tbar, " ®ebiet, '^ jer|lreut, '^ Stämme, ^" c^ne, '^^ 23obcn, 
^2 öruc^tbarfcit, ^^ jf^yt^e, ^ »erfc^wenbete, ^^ jöüiie» 



ßcfcftüif 2. 

NEW YORK IN THE DUTCH TIMES. 

(!^cu^§)or! jur Bcit bcr ^^ottänber.) 

1. In tliose liappy dajs, a well-regulated family al- 
ways rose Avitli the dawn, dined at eleven, and went to 
bed at sun-down. Dinner was invariablj^ a private 
meal,^ and the fat old burgliers sbowed incontestable^ 
Symptoms of disapprobation^ and uneasiness^ at being 
surprised by a visit from a neiglibor on such occa- 
sions.*^ But though cur worthy ancestors '^ were thus 
singularly^ averse '-' to giving dinners, yet they kept up 
the social bands^^ of intimacy by occasionaP^ banquet- 
ings, called tea-parties. 

2. These fashionable parties were generally con- 
fined ^^ to the higher classes or noblesse ; that is to 
say, such as kept their own cows, and drove their own 
wagons. The Company commonly assembled ^^ at 
three o'clock, and went away about six, unless it was 
in winter time, when the fashionable hours were a little 
earlier, that the ladies might get home before dark. 
The tea-table was crowned ^* with a huge ^^ earthen ^'^ 
dish, well stored ^^ with slices of fat pork, fried brown, 
cut up into morsels/^ and swimming in gravy.^^ 



Unre^clmäpigc 3ciü^i3vtcn 5>räpofiticnciu 2-i7 

3. The Company Ijcing seated around tho genial ~^ 
board, and each fürnislied witli a fork, evinced ^^ their 
dexteritj'^ in launcliing ^'-^ at the fattest pieces in this 
mighty disli — in much tlie same manner as sailors liar- 
poon j^oi-poises^* at sea, or our Indians spear^^ salmon'^ 
in the lakes. Sometimes tlie table yras graced -^ with 
immense apple-pies,^'^ or saucers füll of preserved^^ 
peaclies and pears ; but it was alwajs sure to boast ^^ 
an enormous disli of balls,^^ of sweetened dough,^' fried 
in liog's fat, and douglinuts, oljkoeks — a delicious kind 
of cake, at present scarce known in this citj, excepting 
in gennine^^ Dutch families. 

4. The tea was served out ^^ of a majestic delf tea- 
pot, ornamented ^"^ with paintings of fat httle Dutch 
shepherds and shepherdesses tending^*^ pigs — with 
boats sailing in the air, and houses built in the clouds, 
and sundry^' other ingenious"^ Dutch fantasies.^'-^ The 
beaux^*^ distinguished themselves by their adroitness ^^ 
in replenishing^^ this pot from a huge copper tea- 
kettle, which would have made the pigmy^^ macaro- 
nies ^^ of these degenerate "^^ days sweat merely to look 
at it. To sweeten the beverage,^*^ a lump of sugar was 
laid beside each cup — and the Company alternately ^^ 
nibbled and sipped ^^ with great decorum," until an 
improvement was made by a shrewd ^*^ economic old 
lady, which was to suspend a large lump directly over 
the tea-table by a string from the ceiling,^^ so that it 
could be swung from mouth to mouth — an ingenious 
expedient "^ which is still kept up by some families in 
Albany ; but which prevails ^\dthout exception in Com- 
munipaw, Bergen, Fiatbush, and all our imcontamin- 
ated ^^ Dutch ^dllages. 

5. At these primitive ^^ tea-parties the utmost pro- 
priety^^ and dignity ^'^ of deportment ^" prevailed. No 
flhting ^- or coquetting — no gambling of old ladies, nor 
hoyden chattering and romping ^^ of young ones — no 
self-satisfied ^^ struttings "^^ of wealthy gentlemen, with 
their brains in their pockets — nor amusing conceits ^^ 
and monkey divertissements ^^ of smart young gentle- 



248 Se^rbuc^ fcer engUfd)en ^pxaä)t. 

men witli no brains at all. On tlie contrarj, the yonng 
ladies seated themselves demurely^^ in tlieir rush- 
bottomed chairs, and knit tlieir own woolen stockings ; 
nor ever opened tlieir lips, excepting to say Ja, 3Iyn- 
heer, or Ja, Jiifvrouiu, to any question that was asked 
tliem ; behaving in all things like decent, well-educated 
damsels.^^ 

6. As to tlie gentlemen, eacli of tliem tranquilly^^ 
smoked his pipe, and seemed lost in contemplation " 
of tlie blue and wliite tiles ^^ witli "wliich the fire-places 
were decorated ; wberein sundry passages of Scriptnre 
were piously portrayed — Tobit and bis dog figured to 
great advantage ; Haman swung conspicuonsly ^^ on 
bis gibbet, '*^ and Jonab appeared most manf ully bounc- 
ing out * ^ of tbe whale, '^ like Haiiequin throngh a barrel 
of fire. 

7. Tbe parties broke np witbout noise and -witliout 
confusion. Tbey were carried bome by tneir own car- 
riages, that is to say, by the vebicles''^ Nature bad 
provided them, excepting such of the wealthy as could 
afford to keep a wagon. The gentlemen gallantly at- 
tended their fair ones to their respective abodes,'^ and 
took leave of them with a bearty smack "''^ at the door ; 
which as it was an established "^^ piece of etiquette, 
done in perfect simplicity and honesty of heart, occa- 
sioned '' no scandal at that time, nor shouid it at the 
X^resent : if our great-grandfatbers approved of '^ the 
ciistom, it would argue '^^ a great want of reverence in 
their descendants^^ to say a word against it. 

Washington Irting. 

ß ©clf9cnt)eitcn, ^ iöcrfa^ren/ ^ fcnbcrbar, ^abgeneigt, ^nieVl'eßiacn 23anbc, 
" (^elcgcntlid), '^ fcefd}ränftett fidv '^ »crfammcltc fiit. '* (\z\\^xt, ^= unacbcitcr, 
IG irben, ^^ klabcn, ^^ (Stü(!d)en, ^^ (Sauce, ^o trauli*, =' iKXOKi, 22 ®cf*icf^ 
Iid)fcit, 23 int ©abetn x^o.^, ^-i (S(^weincfifd)e, 25 auffpicgen, ^o Si:;^^)^, 27 j^cjicrt, 
2« «[pfctfitc^cn, 29 cingemad^t, so rüt)tncn, ^i itlöpc, ^2 Jeij, ^3 c^,f^ 34 fcr^irt, 
2^ verjicrt, ^^ ptcnb, ^"^ t>crfd)iebcnc, ^s ftnnreid)c, ^^ 9>bantaric(iefcilbc, ^^ dcur^ 
inad)fr (!^ieb^aber), '^^ ®cUMnbtf)citf ^^ ^inx bcr fie »icbcr füllten, "^^ m\\\h\, 
4^ ®cc{cn, ^^ entartet, "»^ ©etränf, ^^ ab»ed)felnb, ''' fd)lürfte, *^ ß^rbarfeit, 
^^ fd)lau, ^^ Bimmcrbetfe, ^'^ 5(uöfunftvmittd, ^^ un*>^erborben, " ültcrtbümltif , 
" ed)i(ftid^!cit, ^-^ Sinirbe, " 5(nilanb, ^^ölanivcn, ^^Särmcn, «« fclhlöcfälliö, 



ditfkxm äüttüoxUr. 



249 



ci ©roitöuercü ^^ St^tigtfuieret, ^3 Unterhaltungen, 64graöitcitifd), "^migfem, 
6fi QmüthM, «^ Setrad^tung, ^« S^Iiefen, «^^ beutU*, "^o ©algen, '^ krauefprin- 
genb, '"^ aöaünfd), "^ ^ulirrccrf, '■» ©o^nungcn, '^ (cd)ma^, "s alt^cr9el)rait, 
" richtete an, '» öut^icBcn, " jeu^cn öon, ^ 3?ac^fümmcn. 



Ccfitiau XXIX 



2ßürtcr=S>cr3cij5ni^. 



to trouble one's seif about, fiÄ 

graue ^aaxt tvaö^im laffett 

um; |i(^ ^crge mad^ett. 
to enjoy one's seif, fid) ergo^Crt 

att. 
doli, ^uppc» 
to be in tlie babit of, |)f(e^ 

gen 5u. 
to avail one's seif, knu^en, 
opportnnity, ©etegcnl^eit, 
to offer, ftd^ tarbieten* 
captivity, (i)efangettf(^aft. 
apt, geneigt, 

to behave, fiA kite^men. 
triistworthy, jut^ er I äffig. 
to dress, aufleiten. 
be knew ber to be, er n?ü^te, 

fie fei. 
qnarrelsome, fheitfüd^tig. 
to apply one's seif, %ki^ an^ 

irenten. 
to succeed, gelingen. 
forced, gc^njungen. 
to discontinue, atbre^en ; an]^ 

geben, 
for want of, au3 SJZangel an. 



to sbave, fi6 rafiren. 

as often as, nid^t tveniger aii. 

not near so, lange nid^t fo. 

preceding, i^erberge^enl. 

by far, bei tr eitern. 

as far as is concerned, fo ireit 

e5 betrifft, 
by no means, turd^auö nid^t. 

tRcbcnsortcn. 
nothing but, nid^tiJ aU, 
none but, 9^iemant aU* 
to keep silent, ftiüfc^tr eigen. 
to enter (a room), bineintre^ 

kn in. 
to enter (a conversation), 

eine Unterbaltung anfnüpfen. 
to be greatly indebted to 

somebody, Semantem ^u 

großem Xan! i^erpfüd^tet fein. 
to be desirous of, irünfd^en ju. 
to prove, beireifen. 
to siiffer from, leiten an* 
indeed? f o ? tpirflicb? 
to invest, anlegen (aU Qotk), 
I believe so, i^ glaube e^, 
foolish, t^'öridjt. 



250 'iJe^rbud) tcr euöltfi^en ^prac^e. 

to succeed, Srfolg l)aten* to pass away, öerfliejcn, 

basliful, Höre. Ned, GruarK 

to deem, balten für. to manage something, etltjaö 

unless, eö fei tcnn. gu Söegc bringen. 

to improve, kffern ©eBraud) to lay claim to, ) ^^nfpru^ ma^^ 

mad^en öon. to claim, ) d:;tn auf. 

lieretofore, Ui^tv* to cash, kar auc3a^Ien» 

UcButtgSs^lufgaBc 1. 

Do not trouble jourself about the monej that I lent 
you. I always trouble myself about many things. Did 
you amuse yourself at tlie opera last niglit? She 
greatly enjoyed herseif with her new doli. Americans 
are in the habit of saying : Help yourself ; and indeed, 
if we don't help ourselves, nobody will help us. Ho 
availed himself of the first opportunity that offered, 
to escape from his captivity. We are apt to consider 
ourselves better and wiser than our forefathers. How 
did the soldiers behave in their first fight ? They did 
not behave themselves as nobly as their Commander 
expected. I myself lost as much by this Operation as 
you. Did you see it yourself ? I did not see it my- 
self, but I have it from a person who is as ti-ustworthy 
as he is intelHgent. Will you dress this little girl ? 
No, madam ; let her dj-ess herseif. These two boys are 
very fond of each other's Company. Gentlemen, you 
may judge yourselves what such a service is worth. 
He assured me himself that he knew her to be as quar- 
relsome a woman as her sister is. As soon as I arrived 
in America I availed myself of the fii^st opportunity to 
learn English. The more you apply yourself, the 
sooner you will succeed in mastering this language. 
He found himself forced to discontinue his studies for 
want of time. Do you shave yourself ? I always shave 
myself. I shave myself as often as three times a wcek. 
Tills is as fine and as strong a horse as you would '«'ish 
to have yourself. Don't you think yourself that this 
is too oasv a tasl: ? It is not near so difficult as the 



S^leflerbe 3eittt)orter. 251 

preceding. It is by far more important for us in tiiis 
country to know English than German. As far as pro- 
nunciatiou is concemed, English is by no means so 
easy as German. 

9lci)cn§artcji : I have notliing but trouble with you. 
I sbaU be very liappy to see you at my bouse to-night ; 
we shaU have some good music, and none but good 
friends have been invited. It is sometimes more diffi- 
cult to keep silent than to speak. He entered the 
room without knocking. WiU you enter into a conver- 
sation with mc ? We are greatly indebted to you for 
the advice you gave us, and we are greatly desirous of 
proving our gratitude by presenting to you this gold 
watch-chain. Did you ever suffer from toothache ? I 
never suffered from toothache. Indeed? That is 
more than I can say. Did he invest all his money in 
this enterprise ? I believe so. I think it very foolish 
to invest all your money in one enterprise. I think so 
too. If you want to succeed in America, you must not 
be bashful. He always succeeds in everything he un- 
dertakes. I deem it my duty to warn you that, unless 
you improve your opportunities better than you have 
done heretofore, you will never succeed. Winter has 
passed away without bringing us any news from our 
fi'iend Ned. Do you think he will manage to come 
and See us to-night ? I hope so, indeed. I do not lay 
claim to a thorough knowledge of the Enghsh lan- 
guage, but I claim to know more about it than you do. 
I presented to him a note for one thousand five hun- 
dred dollars, and he cashed it at once. Indeed ! I 
ohould not have thought it possible. 

i]i1:iät, spread. ta5 ^fZctMijcn, coaxing. 

\id) fe^en, to take a seat. aufwarten mit, to help to. 

b(öte, bashful. 9^int^6ratcrt, roast-beef. 

ftd] kbienen, to help one's seif. 53IumenfcM, cauliflower. 



252 Sel^rbuc^ ber enälifd)en (5prad)e* 

fatt fein, to have enougli. betragen, conduct. 

fid) fd)amen, to be ashamed of öcrf^eqen, to forfeit. 

one^s seif. fic^ anjieljen, to dress one's 
fi(^ auTTÜ^ren, to beliave one's seif. 

seif. Hö ßnte, by tlie end. 

ffc^ amüfiren, to amuse one's anmenten, to aj^ply one's seif. 

seif. ^lufmerffamfeit, attention. 

G)ckauÄ madKXi öon, to avail jmrcnten, to direct. 

one's seif of. kfritteln, to find fault with. 

(Sütc,kindness. fic^ mad>en jum 5?arren, to 
ftd) ktrai^tett aU, to consider make a fool of one's 

one's seif. seif. 

!Der Xtf(^ tft öcbcdft ^ittt, fe^cn (Sic ftc^. (Bntn (Sie 
ntd^t blöbe ; Bedienen ^Bk ftd^, taö 9lüt^tgen ift bei unö feine 
iOiobe. 2)arf i^ 3^nen mit einem (5tücfd)en 3^inböbraten 
aufttjarten ? nel)men ®ie ftc^ ttwa^ 33lumenfo^L «Sinb «Sic 
fd)on fatt ? Sie muffen nocfr ün ©tücfd^en 5?on biefem ^u^ 
^en effen ; meine grau ])at xi)n fclbft gemacht. 3ft er nic^t 
fo c^ut, aU Ijättt xl)n ber befte ^acfer ^thadtn ? (Er ift i^iel 
l^effer. (Bdfämt bid), ^arl, beine «Sc^wefter ^u f^lagen; 
wenn bu bic| nic^t bei) er aup!)rft, mu^ id) bic^ beftrafen» 
S;>abtn Sie ftd) ^cftmx pt amüftrt auf bem picnic ? 3c^ 
l^abe mid) nidbt fo gut amüftrt, alö ic^ ern?artete- 3^ tuerbe 
öon 3!)rer @üte md)t ef)er ©ebraud) mad)en, aU In^ e3 
not^n?enbig fein juirb* 3d) njerbe mic^ immer aU 3f)ren 
greunb betrad)ten, fo lange Sie ni^t felbft burd) 3f5r ^etro^ 
gen meine greunbfd)aft i^erfc^er^en. SSillft bu bid^ je^t fo 
f^nell aB mö^lid) anhieben? 3d) ti^erbe mic^ fo fdmell id) 
nur fann an5tel)en. SBenn Sie bi_efe 5(rbcit In^ (Jnbe ber 
3Bod)e fertig l)aUn wollen, fo mitten Sie großen glei§ an^ 
n^enbem ^abtn Sie bicfe 5Irbeit felbft gemad)t, ober hat 
3!)nen 3emanb babei gcl)olfen ? 3d) l^abe fte felbft gemad^t. 
Sobalb id) md)t mcbr'fo ml ^u tbun Ijabcn u^erbe iine jct3t, 
a^erbc id^ wieber meine 5ütfmerffamfeit bem (EnglifdKU ^u^ 
wenbcn» ©^ ift leid)ter eine 5(rbeit ju befritteln, al^ fte felbft 
beffcr ^u mad)en. WUd)t bid) bod) nid)t jum 9^arren, ;Du 
bift felbft ein 9larr. 



5lcflc.rbc 3cittt^i-Hler. 253 

Scfcftüjf 1. 

A GOOD INVESTMENT. (Girtc gute itavitalanlasjc.) 

1. " Can jou lend me two tliousand clollars to es- 
tablisli^ mjself in a small retail business? ""^ inquired a 
joung man, not jet out of Lis teens/ of a middle-aged^ 
gentleman, wlio was poring over ^ his ledger ^ in the 
counting-room' of one of the largest establishments in 
Boston. The person addressed ^ turned toTrards the 
Speaker, and regarding'' him for a moment with a look 
of surprise,^'^ inquired, ^^ '• What securitj^^ can jou 
give me, Mr. Strosser?" 

2. "Nothing but my note,''^" repHed the young mau, 
promptly.^^ 

3. " "Wliich, I fear, would be below par ^^ in the 
market," replied the merchant, smihng. 

4. *'' Perhaps, sir," Said the young man; *'but, Mr. 
Barton, remember that the boy is not the man ; the 
time may eome when Hiram Strosser's note will be as 
readily^'' accepted ^* as that of any other man." 

4. " True, very true," replied "^ Mr. Barton, mildly; 
" but you know business-men seldom lend money with- 
out adequate ^^ security ; otherwise ^'^ they might soon 
be reduced to penury." ^^ 

6. At this remark the young man's countenance ^^ 
became very pale,- and, having kex3t silent ~'^ for sev- 
eral moments, he inquired, in a Yoice whose tones in- 
dicated'^ his deep disappointment,^^ " Then you cannofc 
accommodate''^ me — can you ?" 

7. " Call upon me to-morrow, and I will give you a 
reply," said Mr. Barton ; and the young man retired.^' 

8.*^ Mr. Barton resumed '^ his labors at the desk,-^ 
but his mind^^ was so much upon ^^ the boy and his 
Singular' errand,^^ that he could not pursue^^ his task^^ 
with any correctness ; and, after having made several 
sad^*^ blunders,^' he closed the ledger, and took his 
hat, and went out upon the street. Arri^dng opposite^^ 

12 



254 M)xbn6) ter cnglif^cu (8prad}e, 

tlie störe of a wealthy mercliaiit upoa Milk Street, lie 
entered the door. 

9. *' Good morning, Mr. Hawley," said he, approach- 
ing^^ the proprietor^*^ of the establishment, who was 
seated at his desk, counting over the profits of the 
week. 

10. "Good morning," rephed the merchant, bland- 
ly.^^ '• Happy to see you. Have a seat ? Any news? 
How's trade ? " ^^ 

11. Yvlthout noticing'^^ these interrogations,'^ Mr. 
Bar ton said, " Young Strosser is desirous "^^ of estab- 
lishing himself in a small retail business in Washing- 
ton Street, and called this morning to secure '^^ of me 
a loan^* of two thousand dollars for that purpose." 

12. " Indeed ! " exclaimed Mr. Hawley, evidently^^ 
surprised at this announcement ; " bufc you do not 
think of lending that sum — do you ? " 

13. " I do not know," rephed Mr. Barton. " Mr. 
Strosser is a young man of business talent and strict 
integTity,^^ and will be hkely to succeed^^ in whatever^^ 
he undertakes." 

11. '• Perhaps so," replied Mr. Hawley, doubtfully ; 
" but I am heartily tired of helping to estabhsh these 
young aspirants for commercial honors." 

15. " Have you ever suffered ^^ from such a course ?" ^^ 
inquired Mr. Barton, at the same time easting^^ a 
roguish glance^^ at Mr. Hawley. 

16. ^'No," replied the latter, *' for I never feit in- 
clined^*^ to make an investment of that kind." 

17. " Then here is a fine opportunity to do so. It 
may prove better than stock ''' in the bank. As for 
myself , I have concluded that, if you will advance ""^ 
him one thousand dollars, I will contribute an equal 
sum." 

18. "Not a Single farthing^^ would I advance for 
such a purpose ; and if you make an investment of 
that kind, I shall consider you very foolish." 

19. Mr. Barton was silent for several minutes, and 
then arose to depart.^^ *^ If you do not feel disposed ^^ 



9lcfkrii^e 2t^i\oovtn\ 255 

to sliare " with me in tliis enterprise, I sliall advance 
the Tvhole sum mjself." Sa}*irig -which, lie left tlie 
störe. 

^ ein'juri^tctt (etaHircn), - ^Dctaitgcfi^äft, ^ ^>u5 feinen Seiner 3aftren (b. ^, 
QUc ben Sauren öon breijefjn lii neun^e^n), ^ in mittleren Sauren, ^ bcr fleißig 
fa^ über, ^ ^auptbud>, ' Scmptcir, ^ angercbet, ^ Knrad}tenb, 'o ^j^jt ^^^ 
ftaunten SÖticfen, ^^ fvaijte, '=^ Sicfcer'^cit ; Sauticn, ^^ 3c{)ulDfrf^ein ; 2Be(ffcI, 
^^rafc^, '^ unter pari, ^"^ bereitwillig, ''' acceptirt, ^^ entfcrec^enb, genüf^enb, 
'3 fonil, -'' möAten fte lulb an ben Söettelfiab geratli-cn, "' ©efidjt, 22 Ha^, 23 ^j^ 
er gefd^ wiegen, -^ öerriet^en, -^ bittere 3;äuf(^uns], ^^ Reifen, 2' entfernte fi(i, 
*ä na^m »ieber auf, " 5Jult, ^o ^^-^^e ©ebanfen, ^i j-^ ^^ bcfd^äftigt mit, 
"■ cigeut^ümlid', '•'^ Qlnliegen, ^ öcrfolgen, ^5 giufgabe, ^s ^^^^ 37 (^dbnit-er, 
^^ gegenüber, '^ ftit nabernb, ^° Sigentbümer, ^^ freunbUcb, "^^ j^^ie j^eben bie 
©efdjäfte, -»Mu ad^ten auf, '^ t^^ragen, ^^ »ünfcbt, ^'^ iid) mi iid^xn, -^''^nUi^e, 
^ offenbar, ^^ Unbef*cltenbeit, '^ wirb wabrfd^einlicb Srfclg ^^aben, ^^ in 9lllem 
»a^, " baten v^ie je 5^ad)tbeil gehabt, "^ SJerfa^ren, ^ werfenb, " einen 
filauen Seitenblicf, '"^ bewogen, ^* @runbfapital, -^ »orftrecfen, **> ^JeUcr, 
^^ ge|>cn, "^^ geneigt, ^'^ ibeilnel^men an. 

A GOOD INVESTMENT. (3d^lu«.) 

1. Ten years liave passed a^vay^ since the occur- 
rence^ of the conversation recorded ^ in the preceding ^ 
dialogue, and Mr. Barton, j^ale and agitated,^ is stand- 
ing at the same desk at "which he stood when first in- 
troduced^ to the reader's attention. As page ' after 
page of his ponderous ^ ledger was examined, his des- 
pair^ became deeper and keeper, tili at last hc ex- 
claimed, " I am ruined — utterly^^ ruined ! " 

2. " How so ? " inquired Hiram Strosser, who en- 
tered the coiinting-room in season ^^ to hear Mr. Bar- 
ton' s remark.* 

3. " The last European steamer bronght news of the 
failure ^^ of the house of Perlet, Jackson & Co., Lon- 
don, who are indebted ^^ to me in the sum of nearly 
two hundred thousand dollars. News of the failure has 
become general,^^ and my creditors, panic-stricken,^^ 
are pressing^*^ for payment of their demands.^' The 
banks refuse me credit, and I have not the means to 
meet my liabilities.^^ If I could pass'^ this crisis, per- 



256 Se^ribuc^ fcer englifc^en (Sprache, 

liaj)s I could rallj ^° again ; but it is impossible : mj 
creditors are importunate,-^ and I cannot much longer 
keep above the tide," ~^ replied Mr. Barton. 

4. "What is tlie extent^^ of your liabilities ? " in- 
quired Strosser. 

"Seventy-five tliousand dollars," replied Mr. Bar- 
ton. 

" Would that sum bo sufficient to relieve-^ you ? " 
"It would."^ 

5. " Then, sir, you sliall liave it," said Strosser, as 
he stepped np to the desk, and drew a check ^^ for 
twenty tbonsand dollars. " Take this, and when you 
need more, do not hesitate^^ to call upon me. Bemem- 
ber that it was from you I received money to establish 
myself in business." 

6. " But that debt was canceled"'' several years ago," 
replied Mr. Bar ton, as a ray^^ of hope shot^'' across bis 
troubled mind.^^ 

7. "True," replied Strosser, "but the debt of grati- 
tude ^^ that I owe "^ has never been canceled ; and nov/ 
that the scale is turned,"^ I deem^^ it my duty to come 
uj) to the rescue." ^^ 

8. At this Singular tum^° in the tide of fortune, Mr. 
Bar ton fairly"^' wept for joy. 

Every claim ^^ against him was paid as soon as pre- 
sented, and in less than a month he had j)asscd the 
crisis, and stood perfectly safe and secure ; his credit 
improved,^^ and his business increased,^^ while several 
others sank under the blow,^^ and could not rally, 
among whom was Mr. Hawley, alluded to^^ at the 
commencement of this article. 

9. "How did you manage^^ to keep above the tide?" 
inquired Mr. Hawley of Mr. Barton, one moming, sev- 
eral months after the events ^^ last recorded, as he met 
the latter upon the street, on his way to his place of 
business. 

10. " Very easily, indeed ! I can assui'e you," replied 
Mr. Barton. 

" Well, do teil me how," continued Mr. Hawley ; " I 



Dlcflerbe B^^^^'i^i'^^t-. 257 

lay claim to^^ a goocl degree^''' of shrewdness,'* but the 
strongest exercise'^ of my wits*'-^ did not save me ; and 
yet you, whose liabilities were twice as lieavy as my 
own, have stood the shock,^^ and have come off ^^ even 
bettered ^' by tlie storm." 

11. " The truth is,"replied Mr. Barton, "Icashed^"^ 
my paper as soon as it was sent in." 

"I suppose so," Said Mr. Hawley, regarding^^ Mr. 
Barton with a look of surprise ; " but how did you ob- 
tain the funds ? ^^ As for me, I could not obtain a 
dollar's credit : the banks refused to take my paper, 
and even my friends deserted me." 

12. *' A little investment that I made somo ten years 
ago," replied Mr. Barton, smiling,^*^ "has recently^' 
proved exceedingly'^^ profitable." 

" Investment ! " echoed^^ Mr. Hawley, " what invest- 
ment?" 

13. " Why, do you not remember how I established 
young Strosser in business some ten years ago ? " 

" O, yes, yes," replied Mr. Hawley, as a ray of sus- 
picion ^^ lighted up*^^ his countenance ; "but what of 
that?"<^^ 

14. *^ He is now one of the largest dry goods deal- 
ers^-^ in the city ; and when this calamity*^^ came on, he 
came forward, and very generously advanced me sev- 
enty-five thousand doUars. You know I told you, on 
the morning I called to offer you an equal share to the 
stock, that it might prove better than an investment in 
the bank." 

15. During this announcement,''^ Mr. Hawley's eyes 
were bent^^ upon the ground, and, drawing a deep 
sigh," he moved on, dejected ^^ and sad, while Mr. 
Barton retumed to his place of business, with his mind 
cheered ^^ and animated '^ by thoughts of his singular 
investment. 

Freeman Hui^t. 

^ finb »ergangen, 2 jiattftnben, ^ ^eric^tct, ** »or^erge^cnb, ^ erregt, ^ »cr^ 
ceflcüt, ^ Seite, ^ getPic^tig, ^ SiJerjtteitlung» ^'^ Qani unb gar, " jeitig genug, 



258 Sel)rl)uc^ tcv enöli)'d}cn (Sprad)c. 

'- Sanfcrott, ^^ He mir fc^ulbcu, '-^ aUßcmein I^cfannt, '^ 'ccm <Sd}retfett gc== 
Iäl)mt, ^^ trängen auf, ^' 3cri:crungen, '' meinen SJerHnbüc^feiten ^u genügen, 
" ühtx]id)m, -^ tx^okn (aufrav^pcln), ^i hängen, -- mid) cten Ijalten, ^s Uni- 
fang, ^4 Reifen, ^5 einen äßec^fcl ;cg, 2^ jögen Sie nic^t, ^' geftrid^en, ^s Stralil, 
*9 fu^r, 2^* burc^ feine befümmerte Seele, ^i 2)anfbarfeit, ^2 fcie td) fc^ulbig bin, 
33 njo fi(^ baö 23latt genjcnbct ^at, ^4 {^^^(te i^j ^^ j^y^^ 35 ,jjy ^jj(|g ^^ fontmen, 
3ö fcei biefer eignen 2i3enbung, "'' ttiirfli*, 3s Sc^ulbforberung, ^^ befferte fid, 
^° erweiterte fid, "*' Sd^lag, ^- erira'bnt, ^^ hadten Sie eö fertig, ^ SJorfäHe, ^^ id) 
mac^e 5(nfprud) auf, ^'^ ®rab, ^' 5)finigfcit, ''^ 3(ufHeten, "^^ meinet SBi^e^, ^° ^a^ 
kn ben Stop aufgehalten, ^^ ba^ocngefcmmcn, -- klier gefteüt, ^3 jß;^[tc 1,^^^ 
flue, ^^ betradtenb, " ®clbmittel, ^^^ lädelnb, ^' für^Iid, ^'* auperorbentlid}, 
^^ iricbcrbclte, ^"^ STrgtrr^n, «' über fein ©efidt fuhr, *^- tiwi Mt baö f)iermit 5U 
t^un? ^3 ?i7Janufafturiraarenbänbler, ^* Unglücf, ^^ 9}JittkiIung,'*^'^gefen!t, "einen 
tiefen Scufjer ^olenb, ^^ nieocrgefdjtagen, '^^ erweitert,' '° sjoU jjon. 



Ccfifioii XXX. 

^a§ ^ainmxnx (Passr-e Yoice). ^?c^cn^attcl^ 



eneiny, %dn'ü* treaty, 5Bertrag, 

orchard, CbftgvUten. to demand, fi^rtcviu 

Struck, ßctrcffen» illegal, unc^cfcplid). 

liglitning-, 33ii^, to excite, erregen, 

thunder-storm, (DcJtJittcr. report, ©erüd^t. 
Franco- German, fran3bfifd}^ to stipulate, fcftftellen. 

hnitfd\ to evacuate, räumen, 

goods, haaren. to restore, jt?iererkr|Mcn. 

at cost, 3um ^cften^rei»?. to assault, anijrcifcn. 
passenger-traiu, ^^ajjiaöicrsuij. ruffian, ] a>.,,rr,^r. 

met with, ftie§ ^u. rough, ) ^^^^^]^^^'^ 

ßerious, ernftlidv to float, fd^irimmen, treiben. 

imusnal, ungeivcf^nlidv what is to be done, ira5 ift ju 
attendance, ^efud\ tbun. 

dignitary, 21>ürrentra(jer» negotiation, UntcrKantlnni}. 

sta}^, 5lufcntt)alt» pending, in ter 3dMvc6c. 

crop, Grnte. amicable, freuntjUaftlid). 



Xa^ fa\\i))mu 259 

overbearing, ^0(^fal)vcnb. to avoid, l^crmcibcn. 

to tolerate, ertragen. to feecl on, idmx ücn» 

to embark in, fid) einlaffen auf. camivorous, f(ei|'d}freffenb. 

evil doings, Ucklt()atcn. lierbs, Kräuter. 

to connive at, turd) tic 5i«öcr to fall in love witb, fid) ijcr:= 

feljcn; ein 5(uge gutrüden, Uelzen in. 

9icbcn§artcit. at first sigbt, auf ten crftcn 

originally, urfprüngUd), 33lid. 

propitious, günftig. to be pleased with, fid) freuen 

to control, kt)errfd;cn, Ü6er. 

you are to, tu ntuf t, foKjl. zeal, (Eifer. 

decision, ßntfd)eitung. perseverance, 5tuöbauer. 

deliveiy, 5l6Iieferung. to mind one's own business, 

bj no means, auf feinen ^alL fid) um feine eigene 5(ngelegen- 

on the contrary, im ©egen^ ieiten lümmern. 

t^cil. to meddlewitb, fid) mifc^enin. 

by all means, auf aKe %a\ic* to iook like, auefet)en ane. 

ItcBunggsWufgaBe 1. 

Parents love tlieir cbildren ; cbildren are loved by 
tbeir parents. The teacber praises tbe diligent scbolar. 
The diligent scbolar is praised by bis teacber. Our 
enemies bäte ns. We are bated by our enemies. Mr. 
N. instructs me in Englisb. I am instructed in Eng- 
lisb by Mr. N. I planted an apple-tree in my orcbard. 
Tliis apple-tree was planted by me last spring. Our 
bouse was Struck bybgbtning during tbe last tbunder- 
storm. He persuaded me to go witb bim out West. 
I was persuaded to go witb bim out West. In tbe late 
Eranco-German war tbe Frencb were beaten in nearly 
every battle. I bave often been asked : wbicb of tbe 
two languages is tbe easier, tbe German or tbe Eng- 
lisb ? Tbe goods bave all been sold at cost. A pas- 
senger-train on tbe Nasbville railroad met witb a 
serious accident, by wbicb fifteen persons were killed, 
and tbirty wounded. Tbere bas been an unusual at- 
tendance of cardinals and otber bigb dignitaries of tbe 
Cburcb at court during tbe king's stay in Eome. It 
is feared tbat tbe crops will be very poor tbis year. 



260 Sc^rlmd) tcr englif^cn (Eprad)e. 

A commission will bo appointed to examine into tlie 
working of the commercial treaties. Satisfaction has 
been demanded by France for the illegal arrest of a 
Frencli Citizen in Cairo. Great interest Lad been ex- 
cited by tlie report that ]Mr. Clay "was to speak last 
night. By the treaty of peace made at Frankfort, it 
was stipulated that the forts aronnd Paris should be 
evacuated as soon as the Germans were satisfied that 
Order had been restored. A man was assaulted early 
this morning by a party of rnffians ; he was severely 
beaten about the head and face. All the roughs es- 
caped but one, who was locked np for examination. 
The body of an unknown man was found floating in 
the river. What is to be done nnder these circum- 
stances ? Ifc is to be hoped that the negotiations now 
pending between the United States and England will 
be brought to an amicable conclusion. Such an over- 
bearing conduct is not to be tolerated. The new direc- 
tor of the N. Musical Society is spoken of very highly. 
I do not like to be flattered. He wishes to be remem- 
bered to you. I have been advised to embark in this 
entei-prise. Do you think he may be trusted ? It has 
been proved beyond doubt that the e^dl doings of these 
fellows were connived at by the police. It is greatly 
to be regretted that we were deprived of your Com- 
pany at our exhibition, which took place last night. 

^Jicbcnsartcn : Do you wish for more money ? What 
do you wish for ? I wish for nothing at all. The 
earth consists of land and water. The United States 
originally consisted of thirteen States. There is no 
time more propitious for such an undertaking than the 
present. There are but few men who are always 
capable of Controlling their temper. There is no rose 
without thoms. Where there is a will, there is a way. 
You are to take care of your money. George has no 
time to play with you ; he is to writehis lesson. When 
are we to know your decision ? How much did you 
pay for this cloth? I paid eight dollars a yard for it. 
Have these goods been paid for ? They will be paid 



Xa^^ faWi'oim. 



281 



on cleliveiy. Wlien you coine to New York, you mnsfc 
by no means neglect visiting our Central Park. Woulcl 
you advise your countrymen to settle in tlie Southern 
States ? On the contrary, I woulcl advise them by all 
means to avoid settling in tlie Soutb. Animals that 
feed on meat are called carnivorous animals, while 
those feeding on herbs and vegetables are called herbi- 
vorous animals. Some young men will fall in love with 
a girl at first sight. Wben 1 first feil in love I was but 
seventeen years old. I am yery mucli pleased with 
your zeal and perseverance. Everybody should mind 
bis own business. You had better mind your own 
business than always meddle with what you do not 
understand. It looked like rain this morniug ; but the 
weather has cleared up. 



SBörtcr^Scr3cijfjrii'j). 



in ter eifern Ztalt, up-town. 

3citung, newspaper. 

trucfcn, to print. 

ktrüoicn, to cheat. 

empfehlen, to recommend. 

(üctcn, to offer. 

mir anrc gebeten, I am offered. 

vcrrienen, to deserve. 

auciad^cn, to laugh at. 

äntern, to alter. 

in ÄcnntniJ Ki-cit, to inform. 

dlatb, ad vice. 

er ift ]6>on in Eingriff genommen 

jrorten, it is building al- 

ready. 
ührfe^en, to translate. 
3fieten^art, phrase. 
einführen hi, to introduce to. 
kfürc^ten, to apprehend. 
Hnnen ^urjem, within a short 

time. 
I)eim|u^en, to visit. 



Unrubc, anxiety. 

befreien, to relieve. 

:^inter geben, to deceive. 

lieb unb wertf\ near and dcar. 

Sdncffal, fate. 

ertragen, to endm-c. 

behaupten, to assert. 

mctificiren, to modify. 

rie Sinfe, the left. 

Dlegierung, government. 

ein Ucbereintcmmcn treffen, to 

arrive at an understand- 

ing. 
'I'tad^tbefugniji'e, powers. 
getrip, definite. 
fortranem foüen, are to be con- 

tinued. 
tcai immer, whatever. 
5?eriammlung, assembly. 
jn gefteben, to confess. 
tie böcbfte ^^^-ecntion, the chief 

executive. 



262 Sef)rbud) ber englifc^ett (Sprache. 

unbei(6rtngenb, disastrous. Slue^nicbe, ebullitions. 

tumultueij, riotous. leidet erregbar, excitable. 

ä^er^anrlungen, proceedings. 5^eu^3eelant, New-Zealand. 

t^ammcr, Chamber. l^er Äur^em, recently. 

(je^alten tverlen für, to bc taken 2>ertnntung, connection. 

as. ^^cfttampfcr, mail steamship. 

lIcBung5::^utgaBc 2. 

•Dicin £nhi Kiut ein neueO |)au6 in tcr eifern (Bta\:t. 
Xaö neue ^öviitc, tae Tu ßefe(;en baft, mxt) i^cn meinem Dnfel 
c^cKiut 3rf) Icfe jeten 'DJcr^en beim grübftücf tic englifcbe 
3eituni]* Xie engltfcbe B^itun^^ trivb jeten Si'^crgen i^on mir 
ßelefen. 3n ten"^ ereinigten Staaten jrerten mebr ß^^tun^ 
ßen ßetrucft, a(o in iri3enb cintm ^ante ter SDelt. (Jr fragte 
mid), ob eo n^abr fei, tag id) mein ®efd)vift i^erfauft i^'ättt. 
3d) tt)urte t^on ihm gefragt, rb e^3 ira^r fei, tag id) mein ©e^ 
fd)äft i^erfauft Kitte. Xiefe ?eute l^aben unö betregen, ^ßir 
ftnt i^on ibncn betrogen ircrten; nnr irerten aber nie tric^ 
ter i'on ibnen betregen trerten. Xiefer junge D}?enfd) ift 
mir i^cn feinem £nfel empfef)(en ircrtem 2Bic i^iel ift 3^^ 
nen für 2l)x .pauo geboten a^orten? (3:5 finb mir 10,000 
Xotlarö geboten n^orten; id) trürte aber i^ertienen auege(ad>t 
?^u werten, jrenn i(^ e5 für einen fold)en ^reio i^erfaufte. 
20ao ift iinter tiefen Umftanten ^u t^un ; an ter ^ad)t Ia§t 
fid) nid)t inel antern* SBenn id) früher i^on teinem ^cxlja^ 
bcn in l^enntniß gefei3t n^orten iräre, }o batte icb tir mandien 
guten dlatl) geben fonnen. 5Dann airt ter neue ^iatuft 
tn Dlenvjjorf gebaut n^erten? ßr ift fd)on in Eingriff ge^ 
nommen trorten. S3ie ift ta§ 2Dort " comfortable" ^u 
übcrfe^en? Go gibt mand)e ®orter_unb Dietenearten, tie 
fd)a^er ju überfe^en fint, unt einige laiien fic^ gar nid)t über^ 
tragen. S;iahm Sie ^uft bd meinem greunre ^. eingeführt 
ju trerten? 3d^ n^ürte mid^ fe^r freuen, mit ibm befannt 
^u n^erten. (^e ift febr ^u befürd)ten, taf^ irir binnen .^ur^em 
i^on ter Gbctera beimgefudu ircrten. S?a0 ift 'oon einem 
i9cenfd>en ^u erirarten, ter nie fein SBort ^att? 3d) trürte 
fd)on längft ^on meiner Unrube befreit ivorten fein, n^enn tu 
früher gcfommen n^äreft. ^intergangen ui trerten ton te^ 
nen, tie un5 lieb unt mxtl) finb, ift ein Sd)idfa(, ta^a fchirer 



Daö 5)aiTä^um. 263 

ju ertravjctt ijl» (E^ tt?irb I^eljmtptct tay Mons. dlmt'^$ fxc^ 
pofttion i?on bcr ^tcgicrung motificirt a^orren ift. (Se ift 
itt)i|'c^_cn tcr stufen uut' ber Dtcgicrung ein Uebercinfcmmcu 
c^ctroffcn jrortcn, md) midiem tic 2}Zad)tbe_fiii]m]|e tei3 .t)rn» 
X^ier^ noc^ eine g,tm\]t ^dt fortdauern fülle» ^a^ auö) 
immer gefaxt meroen mai3 i?on bem 9ied)te ter 33erfamm[ung, 
if)n pm l^afitenten ^u mad)en, fo muf' tcrf) ^ugeftanten 
lüerben, baf ein ©ed)fel in ber f)öd)ften (^recutii^geiralt je$t 
un!)eilbringenb für granfrcid) fein mxtc. _Zit tumultuofcn 
S3er^anb(uni]en in bcr Kammer jeboc^ müifcn für nidUi3 an^ 
bereö gef)alten werben, alö für ^armtofe 5(uö6rüd)e bcr (eic^t 
erregbaren gran^ofen. 9^cu^3eelanb ift 'oov Äur^em burd) 
tint Sinie i^on ^^oftbampfern in bircftc Scrlnubung mit tic^ 
fem ^anbe gebrad}t worbcn» 



öcfcftüd 1. 

THE PIXE-TEEE SHILLINGS. (:^lc i^i^ten-Sc^iainöe.) 

1. Captain Jolin HuU was tlie mint-master^ of Mas- 
sachusetts, and coined ^ all tlie money that was made 
there. This was a new line ^ of business ; for, in the 
earlier days of the colony, the current coinage ^ con- 
sisted of gold and silver money of England, Portugal, 
and Spain. These coins^ being scarce,*^ the people 
were often forced to barter ^ their commodities instead 
of selling them. 

2. For instance,^ if a man wanted to buy a coat, he 
perhaps exchanged ^ a bear-skin for it. If he wished 
for a barrel of molasses, he might purchase ^^ it with a 
pile ^^ of pine-boards.^^ Musket-bullets ^^ were used 
instead of farthings.^^ The Indians had a sort of 
money,_ called wampum, which was made of clam- 
shells ;^^ and this stränge sort^*^ of specie^' was likewise 
taken in payment of debts by the Enghsh settlers. 
Bank-bills^^ had never been heard of.^^ There was 
not money enough of auy kind, in many parts of the 
country, to pay the salaries of the ministers ; so that 



204 ?e!)vbud) tcv englifcl)ett (^prac^e. 

they sometimes had to take quintals ^^ of fish, bush- 
eis ^^ of com, or cords ^^ of wood, instead of silver or 
gold. 

3. As the people grew more numerous, and their 
trade, one witli another, increased, the want~^ of cur- 
rent monej was still more sensibly felt.^^ To supplj 
the demand,^^ the General Court passed a law for es- 
tablishing a coinage of shilhngs, sixpences and three- 
pences. Captain John Hüll was appointed ^^ to manu- 
facture^' this monej, and was to have^^ about one Shil- 
ling out of everj twenty to pay him for the trouble of 
making them. 

4. Hereupon all the old silver in the colony was 
handed over to Captain John Hüll. The battered ^^ 
silver cans and tankards,"^ I suppose, and silver 
buckles,^^ and broken spoons, and silver buttons of 
worn-out "^ coats, and silver hilts ^^ of swords that had 
figured ^* at court, — all such curious old articles were 
doubtless "^ thrown into the melting-pot '^^ together. 
But by far the greater part of the silver consisted of 
buUion"* from the mines of South America, which the 
English buccaneers ^^ — who were littla better ^^ than 
pirates "^^ — had taken from the Spaniards, and brought 
to Massachusetts. 

5. All this old and new silver being melted do^^Ti 
and coined, the result was an immense ^^ amount^^ of 
splendid Shillings, sixpences and threepences. Each 
had the date, 1652, on the one side, and the figure of 
a pine-tree on the other. Henco ^" they were called 
pine-tree shilhngs. And for every twenty Shillings 
that he coined, you will remember, Captain*^ John Hüll 
was entitled ^^ to put one Shilling into his own pocket. 

Q. The magistrates ^^ soon began to suspect^^^ the 
mint-master would have the best of the bargain.-*' 
They offered him a large sum of money, if he would 
but give up that twentieth shilhng which he was con- 
tinually^^ dropping^^ into his own pocket. But Captain 
Hüll declared himself perfectly satisfied with the Shil- 
ling. 



2)a3 $a|ip^um. 265 

7. And well he miglit be ; ^^ for so cliligently clid he 
labor that, in a few years, his pockets, his inoney-])ags, 
and his strong-box ^^ were overflowing with pine-tree 
Shillings. This was probablj the case when he came 
into possession^^ of grandfather's chair ; and as he had 
worked so hard at the mint, it was certainlj proper ^^ 
that he should liave a comfortable chair to rest him- 
self in. 

' a^ünjmeiilcr, - prägte, ^ ^xU ^ Sourantgelb, ^ SJJütt'^cn, ^ feiten, ' tait^ 
fc^en, ^ i^unt Seiipiel, ^ ^ab in Xaufdv ^^ faufen, '^ ^?)aufcn, '^ Si'f)renbrettcr, 
^3 Äugeln, ^■^ |)eller, '^ 5??uH-t)elfdjaIen, ^'^ merfroürbigc 3rrt, ^^ ^artgelb, 
^^ 33anfnoten, ^^ tuarcn ctroa^ Uncr()örte^, 20 (Zentner (li2 ^'V'unb), ^i <Bd)i^^ 
fei, 2i gaben, ^^ ?Jiangel, '^^ würbe nod) füt)lbarcr, " um ber 5iac^frage ju 
genügen, ^s ernannt, '-^^ macöen, ^s m^j, j-^^fte f)akn, 29 yp^^.j «Beulen, 
2*^ £)ccfe(früge, ^^ Sd^nattem 2- abgetragen, ^^&xi^t, '^bie eine Obde gefpielt 
Tjatten, ^5 jnjeifcI^oI)ne, ^ö Scj^mel^tiegel, ^7 ungemünjtcö ®clD unb «Silber, 
2^ 5lbenteurer, ^9 \,[^ x[id)t ml bcffer waren al5, '^'^ Seeräuber, ^' ungeheuer, 
'»•^Summen, ■^^i^^^,^^^ ^4 ^^(.^(.^^tj^^f^ ''^ 23c^örben, ^Strgwblincn, '*" ben größten 
S.^ortbcil baöcn babcn würbe, •** bcflänbig, "^^ faL^cn liep, ^^ unb baö ft^nute er 
aud) \vc\)l fein, ^^ ©elbtru^c, ^^ 5ße|-jt^, 53 |j^ ^^.^ Drbnung. 



Scfcfiürf 2. 

THE PINE-TREE SHILLINGS. (S^Iug.) 

1. When the mint-master had grown yery rieh, a 
young man, Samuel Sewell by name, came a-courting ^ 
to his only daughter. His daughter — whose name I 
do not know, but we will call her Betsey — was a fine, 
hearty' damsel," by no means^ so slender ^ as some 
young ladies of our own days. On the contrary,^ hav- 
ing always fed heartily ' on pumpkin pies,^ doughnuts,^ 
Indian puddings, and other Puritan dainties,^*^ she was 
as round and plump^^ as a pudding herseif. 

2, "With tliis round, rosy Miss Betsey did Samuel 
Sewell faU in love.^^ As he was a young man of good 
character, industrious in his business, and a member ^^ 
of the church, the mint-master very readily^^ gave his 
consent.^^ " Yes, you may take her," said he, in his 
rough ^^ way ; " and you'll find her a heavy burden 
enough! " 



266 Se^rbuc^ ter englif^eu (Sprad)e, 

3. On the wedding day,^^ we may suppose that hon- 
est John HuU dressed himself in a plum-colored^^ coafc, 
all the Buttons of which were made of pine-tree Shil- 
lings, The buttons of his waistcoat^^ were sixpences ; 
and the knees of his small-clothes ^^ were buttoned ^^ 
with silver threepences. Thus attired,^^ he sat Tvith 
great dignity^^ in grandfather's chair ; and, being a 
portly^^ old gentleman, he completely filled it from 
elbow ^^ to elbow. On the opposite side of the room, 
between her bridemaids,^'^ sat Miss Betsey. She was 
blushing ^' with all her might,^^ and looked like a full- 
blown^^ peony^^ or a great red apple. 

4. There, too, was the bridegroom, dressed in a fine 
purple coat and gold lace ^^ waistcoat, with as much 
other finery ^' as the Puritan laws and customs would 
allow him to put on. His hair was cropped ^^ close "^ 
to his head, because Governor Endicott had forbidden 
any man to wear it below the ears. But he was a 
very personable ^^ young man ; and so thought the 
bridemaids and Miss Betsey herseif. 

5. The mint-master also was pleased with his new 
son-in-law,^*^ especially^' as he had courted Miss Betsey 
out of pure love, and had said nothing at all about her 
portion.^^ So, when the marriage ceremony was over, 
Captain Hüll whispered ^^ a word to two to his man- 
servants, who immediately went out, and soonreturned, 
lugging in^° a large pair of scales.^^ They were such 
a pair as wholesale merchants use for weighing*^ bulky 
commodities ;^^ and quite a bulky commodity was now 
to be weighedin them. 

6. " Daughter Betsey," said the mint-master, " get 
into one side of these scales." 

IMiss Betsey — or Mrs. Sewell, as we must now call 
her — did as she was bid,^^ like a dutiful ^^ child, with- 
out any question of the why and wherefore. But what 
her father could mean, unless to make her husband 
pay for her by the pound (in which case she would 
have been a dear bargain), she had not the least 
idea. 



Xae ^^affi^^um. 267 

7. "And now," saicl honest John HuU to the ser- 
vants, " biing that box hither." -^^ The box to which 
the mint-master pomted, was a huge,'' Square, ^^ iron- 
boimd/^ oaken ehest f^ it was big enough, my children, 
for all four of you to play at hide-and-seek in.^^ The 
servants tugged ^^ with might and main,^'^ but could 
not hft ^^ this enormous receptacle/'^ and were finally 
obliged to drag ^"^ it across the floor. 

8. Captain Hüll then took a key from his girdle, un- 
locked the ehest, and lifted its ponderous ^' lid.^^ Be- 
hold,^^ it was füll to the brim ^^ of bright pine-tree 
Shillings, fresh from the mint; and Samuel Sewell 
began to think that his father-in-law*^^ had got posses- 
sion*^^ of all the money in the Massachusetts treasury.^^ 
But it was only the mint-master 's honest share'''^ of the 
coinage. 

9. Then the servants, at Captain Hull's command,'^^ 
heaped ^'^ double handfuls of Shillings into one side of 
the scales, while Betsey remained in the other. Jin- 
gle, jingle,^' went the shülings, as handful after handful 
was thrown in, tili, plump and ponderous as she was, 
they fairly weighed ^^ the young lady from the floor. 

10. "There, son Sewell!" cried the honest mint- 
master, resuming ^^ his seat in grandfather's chair, 
" take these Shillings for my daughter's portion. Use'^ 
her kindly, and thank Heaven for her. It is not every 
^Yiie that's worth her weight in silver ! " 

Hawthoexe. 



* ju freien um, ^ fräftig, ^ juttgeö 2J?äbd)en, * burc^au<3 ni*t, ^ ^ager, ^ im 
©egemfieil, ' fca fie fletö gut gefüttert iDorben war, ® ilürbie-fuc^en (ein 2ith^ 
ling^geric^t in ben S^cu-Gnglanb Staaten), ^ ein f (einer .^u*ejt ani ?KeM, Gier 
unb Qnätx, in SJiilc^ getunftunb in 3d)mal^ gefönt, ^°SecfcrMt|en, '' fett, ^^»er^ 
liebte fi*, '3(i)jie^^ 14 kreitföillig, '^ 3uftimmiing, ^^ berl», ^'' ^od)\tHitaa,, 
15 pftaumfarbig, ^^ 23 eile, ^^ ^oim, ^Mugcrnöi^ft, -^ ange^caen, ^asr^ürbc, 
2-* ccrpulent, ^5 ßebnc, ^e «Braut jung fern,, " errötbete, -'^ mit aller S^la^t (b. i. 
bi-3 über bie C^ren), 29 [^ jjoffer SBlütbe, so gjäonie, ^i epi|en, ^2 ^nb fo 
s:>iet fonftigen ©cbmucE, ^^ gefcf)nitteu, ^ für?, ^^ ilattlicb, ^^ Sd^Wiegerfofjn, 
3^ befonbcrc, ^^ S!)?itgift, 39 j-^gte ina Cbr, « ^ereinfc^Ie^^penb, ^^ 2Bage, 
^ ^um Sagen s^on, ^ Söaaren öon großem Umfang, ^ tt>ic man i^r l^iep, ^'^ ge=» 
l^orfam, ^* bier^cr, 4' fclcffal, '^^ »ierecüg, ^^ cifcnbefdjlagen, ^° eid}ene 



268 



Se^rbuc^ ter englifc^en (c^xadjt. 



Äitlc, 5^ ißcrjlecfen, ^^ ^c{^cn, ^^ aua 2etbc§!räften, " lieben, " 23cf>ätter, 
^•^ [cbleiften, ^' gewidbtioi, ^'*2)ccfcl, ^^ fie^ ba ! ^'^ biö an bcn Sftanb, ^^ 8c^ttJie=' 
fieröater, ^^ in ben ^eft^ oefcmmcn fei, ^^ iSd}a^amt, ^"^ S(ntf)eil, ^^ ®ef)eip, 
"^ Rauften, " fling, flinß, '^^ ürbentlid) iBOßcn, »^^ wicber einnc^mcnb, '° fce^ 
l^anblc. 



Cefitioii XXXI. 

^ic ^nlf^cittüvxtct ^c^ ^o!)m^* (Auxiliaeies 
OF Mode.) 9?c^eii!§ arten* 

(7a?z, may, wcust, need, ougJif, dare, could^ micjfdy sliould, 
luould. 



2S?Ärtcr5©cr3cic§ni§. 



mncli ado about notliing, 
i^icl Carmen um 5lid;ti:% 

to settle, abmadH^n. 

easy ciix'umstances, gute Scr^ 
Kilmiffe» 

to touch, anrül^rcn. 

to accommodate, tiencn. 

preyented, i^crlnntcrt, 

previous, frükr» 

di'udgery, ^Ma(\e. 

to lock, al^iÜUej^cn. 

to bolt, ijcrricijcln. 

damaged, kfdHiriat. 

is Said to be, foU fein. 

to deny, Icuc^ncn. 

to act, Kinrcln. 

otberwise, fciift. 

to comply witb, ßcnügcn. 

request, 33ittc. 

forcibly, frdftig. 

if you were to, Jtjcnn tu \^\i^ 
teft. 



to lorcfer, ijor^iicf^ett. 
well-off, gutgcftcüt. 
to forego, ijcr^id^tcn auf. 
iinX^aired, gefd^ivdd^t. 
Stocks, 5Ifttcu. 

9iebcn§artctt. 
to apply for, fid> kiverl^cn unt. 
application, ®cfuc^. 
two weeks ago, i?or ja^ci 53c^ 

d^cn. 
to agree Tvith, ükreinftimmcn 

mit. 
to allovr oiu'SclTes to be car- 

ried away, xmi Hnrcifcn 

laffcn. 
to govern, kkrrfd>en. 
to disagi-ee, »erfd)ictencr 9)tci^ 

uuncj fein, 
provoked, gercijt. 
agreed, jucjcgebcn. 
justified, (^ered>tfcrtigt. 
abusive, fd^maf)cnfc ; hlciti^cnb. 



Dk .5)itlföjeitti^örtcr tcö TloH^^. 269 

to bc Ccalled to account, jitr to make allowaucc for, 3led)^ 

Slcd^cnfchaft 96509011 jverren, nunc? traiicit, 

cord, 33iutfaten» fallibiiity/^cbibarfeih 

parcel, ^aäct. frailty, (äcbira($l)eit, 

will tbis do ? pa^t He5 ? get along ! fort 1 

that will answer, ta5 ift xcä>t. to be asbamed, \iö> fd^dmcit» 

to keep in view, im 2(uge to attend, hfud^ciu 

I)alteit. to be aware, irijjen. 

to cmbark in, fic^ einlaffen auf. time-table, Stunrcnplan. 

enterprise, Unternehmen. to be anxious, tcßierig fein» 

to afford, öermcgcn ; ijcrtra^ in bonor, ju dkm, 

9cn. were in attendance, marcn 
to advance, ijorjheden. jugegen, 

HcBungS'^hifgaBc 1. 

Can yoii speak Englisli ? I cannot speak, but I can 
understand it wben spoken. If tbis be tlie case, yoii 
•will soon be able to speak. I cannot understand wby 
you make so much ado about notbing. Would you 
be so kind as to lend me ten doUars ? I would if I 
could. If you wanted bim to settle tbis business for 
you, you sbould bave told bim. This may be true or 
not. May I ask you, wben you can come, and finish 
tbe work on my bouse. He migbt baye been in easy 
circumstances, if be bad been more careful witb bis 
money. You must not toucb any flowers in tbis gar- 
den. We must all die. Tbe sbip bad to cbange ber 
course for fear sbe migbt strike a rock. You need not 
trouble yourself about me, I sball soon be all rigbfc 
again. I dare say you are rigbt. I sbould be greatly 
obliged to you, if you would do me tbis favor. 'l 
sbould be bappy to accommodate you, if I were not 
prevented by a previous engagement. You ougbt to 
get up earber. Wbat ougbt I to do in such a case ? 
We ougbt to be kind towards everybody. Tbe study 
of a foreign language ougbt to be a pleasure instead 
of being a drudgery. I know very well wbat I ougbt 
to bave answered bim. You ouoht to baye locked and 



270 !2el)rbud^ ter englifdjcn ^prad)e, 

bolted tlie door. How will tliis liave to be expressed 
in Eüglisli ? What is to be done with tliese damaged 
goods ? They are to be sold at auetion. I am to leave 
for Europe bj the next steamer. What are you going 
to do with these boys ? I am going to punish them. 
This man is said to be very rieh ; he is said to be worth 
one and a half miUion. He dare not deny that. It 
might be doubted whether he could have acted other- 
wise under the circumstances. If he could have com- 
plied with your request, he would certainly have done 
so. You might have been more careful with your 
words. This could not have been expressed more 
forcibly, alfchough it might have been expressed more 
elegantly. If you were to choose between living in 
Europe or in America, which of the two would you 
prefer ? I should certainly prefer living in Europe, if 
I were well-off. I am sorry to say that I shall have to 
forego the pleasure of your Company this evening. I 
should have advised him to go to the country, had I 
known that his health was impaired. Would you ad- 
vise me to take stocks in this Company? I would 
not. 

9lebcn§arteu. — When did you apply for this position ? 
I made application two weeks ago. I fully agree with 
you that it is far easier to allow ourselves to be car- 
ried away by our passions than to govern them. As 
it seems impossible for us to agree on this point, let 
US agree to disagree. He was provoked ; agreed ; but 
it by no means foUows that he was justified in using 
such abusive language ; he is old enough to be called 
to account for his actions. Please to give me a j)iece 
of cord for tying up this parcel. Will this do ? Yes, 
sir, that will answer. If I had kept in view the neces- 
sary consequences, I should never have embarked in 
such an enterprise. It is at once christianlike and 
wise to forgive an enemy. How great a sum can you 
afford to advance me ? I cannot afford to loan 3'ou 
more than two thousand doUars. No one can afford 
to lose the good opiuion of respectable people. In 



2)ie ^ülf^^citroörtcr tc^ Tlohi^, 271 

judging tlie acts of otlier pcoplo wo shoiild always 
make allowance for human fallibilit j and frailty. Get 
along with you ! I am ashamed of you. Where do 
you attend clinrch ? I attended a meeting last night 
at Cooper Institute. Are you aware that the raiboad 
Company have changed their time-table ? I am yery 
anxious to know what has become of your brother. A 
banquet was given last night in honor of Prof. Morse, 
the inventor of the telegraph. More than one hundred 
peoplo were in attendance. 

um ^u, in Order to. 3U .^crjen ttc^^mcn, to take to 

taö Stbfcbreibcrt, copying. heart. 

aufboren, to discontinue. fic6 fcf^ämcn, to be ashamed. 

ntüntlid), oral. örlaubni^, permissioii. 

[(^reiten, to proceed. Htten um, to ask for. 

anlnctm, to offer. ftd) hjiekn auf, to refer to. 

nteincn, to thiuk. i?ermutt}en, to presume. 

übcrrcten, to persuade. i)}tittag, noon. 

im 33cj5riff, about. \vk man mir ]ac^t, as I am 

^unft, art. told. 

erlernen, to acquire. i^eranftalten, to arrangc. 

tatet, about it. großartig, grand. 

tefteMen, to rob. (2d>iufpicl, si)ectacle. 

i:i?r allen ^^ingen, above all. ter %vt, of the kind. 

dornten (iie Gitölif^ ? 3^ f^mn e^3 i^crftcC^n, trenn ci3 
c^ervn'od)en nnrc, id) fann aber nur trentg fpred)en* SSann 
irercen mr (Sn^üfd) fprec^en fönnen ? Um Gngtifd) fprcdien 
;^u fonnen, müijen Sic erft c^3 i^erftc^en lernen, ti>enn e'ö gc^ 
fprcd)en mvo. kennen <2te tiefen (cai^ überfclien ? ^Tarf 
id) je^t mit meinem 5(bfd)reiben auf!;cren ? (Bie fönnen je^t 
aufi)cren mit ®d)reiben ; mx a^ollen ^um münb(id)en Unter== 
ric^t fc^reiten. ^arf id) 3^ncn einen ®tul;( anbieten ? 3d) 
tanfe 3^nen, id) mag je^t nid)t fi^en; id) bin nid)t mute* 



272 2-e^rbud) ter englif^cu eprad)e. 

9;?cinen (Ete, ta^^ mx il;n übcrreben Töimkn, mit un^ aue^ib 
(^e()cn? SSir n?aren gerate im ^cgrifr nad) tcm Gentral 
5)arf ^u geben, alö eö anfing ju regnen» 2Benn icf) mit tir 
;\ufrieten fem feil, fo muf^t cu fleißiger werten. Xie Tln]ü 
x\t eine Ännft, tie ein 3ecer erlernen foUte, ter Xalent ta^u 
^at fXannft tu mir fagen, m^ id) tabei t^un foll ? 3c^ 
Inn i^crige 91ac^t befto!)len alerten ; tie Xiebe l)abm mir all 
mein ®elc geftol)len. S3aö ift tabetju tbun, tajj id) cö ane== 
tcrfriege ? S3or allen fingen müjien (Bie ftd) tie (Eacbe 
nid)t ^u fel)r ^u ^er^en nel)mcn. ©ollen <Bk mit mir ^u 
meinem greunte 53. gel)en ? er foll febr franf fein. 2Der foK 
tiefen ^rief fc^reiben? <Zk foüten fid) fd)amen, fo etn?a$ ^u 
fagen. 3d) babe il)n um Grlaubniß gebeten, mic^ auf i^n 
be^iei)en ^u'türfen. SBann n>erten n^ir S5?ill)elm M un^ er? 
warten fbnnen ? 3c^ ijermutl)e wir werten i!)n morgen gegen 
S)^ittag erwarten fönnen. dx foU fef)r reid) geworten fein, 
wie man mir fagt. 3Sir waren geftern auegegangen, um tie 
grof^e $ro^ei]ion ^n fe^en, tie tie Xeutfd)en turanftaltet bat? 
ten ; wir mußten über eine (Stunte warten, ebe fte l^eranfam. 
(S6 foU taö grof^artigfte (^c^aufpiel ter 5(rt gcwefcn fein, 
ta^3 9]cu?2)orf je gefel)en ^at. 

Öcfcftütf 1* 

NATIONAL MONUMENT TO WASHINGTON. (1848.) 

1. FelloTV-citizens ^ of tlio United States : "We are 
assembled to take the first step towards tlie fulfilment 
of a long-deferred ^ Obligation. In tliis eiglit-and-for- 
tieth year since his deatb, we bave come togetber to 
lay tbe corner-stone of a national monument to Wasb- 
ington. 

2. Otber monuments to tbis iUustrious^ person, bave, 
long ago, been erected.^ By not a few of tbe gi*eat 
States of our Union, by not a few of tbe great cities of 
our States, tbe cbiseled ^ statue, or tbe lof ty'^ column ' 
bas been set up in bis bonor.^ Tbe bigbest art of tbe 
Old World — of France, of Italy, and of England, suc- 
cessively^ — bas been put in requisition ^^ for tbe pur- 



T>k ^ülf^seitmörter teö Tlo'm^. 273 

pose. Houdon for Virginia, Canova for North Caro- 
lina, Sir Francis Chantrey for Massachusetts, have 
severally^^ signalized ^~ their genius by portraying and 
perpetuating ^^ the form and features ^^ of the Father 
of his Country. 

3. One tribute to his memory is left^^ to be ren- 
dered.^*^ One monnment remains to be reared^' — a 
monumenfc which shall bespeak ^^ the gi-atitude, not of 
states, or of cities, or of govemments ; not of separate^^ 
communities,^^ or of official bodies,-^ but of the people, 
the whole people of the nation, — a National Monu- 
ment erected by the Citizens of the United States of 
America. 

4. Of such a monument we have come to lay the 
corner-stone, here and now. On this day, on this 
spot, in this presence, and at this precise ^^ epoch"^ in 
the history of our country and of the world, we are 
about'^ to commence this crowning work of commemo- 
ration.^^ 

5. Yes, to-day, feliow-citizens, at this yery moment 
when the extension^'^ of our boundaries,^'' and the mul- 
tiplication-'^ of our territories'^^ are producing,^*^ dii'ectly 
and indirectly, among the different members "^ of our 
political System, so many marked^^ and moumed^^ 
centrifugal tendencies,^^ — let us seize "^ the occasion "^ 
to renew'"' to each other our yows ^^ of allegiance ^^ and 
dcYotion ^*^ to the American Union ; and let us re- 
cognize,^^ in our common title "^^ to the name and the 
fame^^ of Washington, and in our common veneration^^ 
for his example and his adyice, the all-sufficient ^'^ cen- 
tripetal power, which shall hold the thick clusterinf? ^"^ 
Stars of our confederacy ^' in one glorious ^^ constella- 
tion*^ forever ! ^^ 

6. Let the column which we are about to constinict 
be at once^^ a pledge^^ and an emblem^^ of perpetuaP^ 
Union! Let the foundations^^ be laid, let the super- 
structure ^'^ be built up and cemented,^' let each stone 
be raised^^ and riveted ^^ in a spirit of national brother- 
hood ! ^^ And may the earliest ray^^ of the rising sun 



274 ^d)xhiä) Hv cuglifc^eu (5prac!)c. 

— tili tliat sim shall set to rise no more — draw forth ^^ 
from it claily, as from tlie fabled ^^ statiie of antiquity,^* 
a strain ^^ of national harmony, wliicli shall strike ^^ a 
responsive^' cliorcl ^^ in every lieart tlirongliout the re- 
pubüc ! ^'-^ 

7. Proceed,'^ tlien, fellow-citizens, v/itli the work for 
which you have assembled. Lay the corner-stone of 
a monnment which shall adequately''^ bespeak the gra- 
titude of the whole American people to the illustrious 
Father of his Counfcry ! Build it to the skies : '^ you 
cannot outreach ^^ the loftiness ''^ of his principles ! 
Found "^ it upon the massive and eternal rock : you 
cannot make it more enduring "^ than his f ame ! Con- 
struct it of the peerless'^* Parian marble : '^ you cannot 
make it purer than his life ! Exhaust '^ upon it the 
rules and principles of ancient^^ and of modern art : 
you cannot make it more proportionate ^^ than his 
char acter ! 

8. But let not your homage ^^ to his memory end 
here. Think not to transfer ^^ to a tablet or a column 
the tribute which is due from yourselves.^^ Just honor 
to Washington can only be rendered by observing^^ his 
precepts, and imitating ^° his example. He has built 
his own monument. We, and those who come after 
US, are its appointed ^^ and privileged '^ guardians.^^ 
The wide-spread ^^ Eepubhc is the true monument to 
¥/ashington. Maintain^^ its independence. Uphold ^^ 
its Constitution. Preserve ^^ its union. Defend its 
liberty. Let it stand before the world in all its orig- 
inaP^ strength and beauty, securing^^ peace, order, 
equality, and freedom to all within its boundaries, and 
shedding ^^ hght, and hope, and joy upon the path- 
way" of huiüan liberty throughout the world; — and 
Washington needs no other monument. Other struc- 
tures^^ may fitly^"' testify our veneration for him ; this, 
this alone can adequately illustrate^^'^ his Services to 
mankind.^^^ 

9. Nor docs he need even this.^^^ The Eepubhc may 
X)erish;^^' th o wido arch^^'' of our ranged Union may 



'Lk §ülft>jeitaüh1cv Uv 3}?ctu^o» 275 

fall ; star by star its glories^^^ maj expire ; ^°^ stone by 
stone its columns and capital ^^' may moulder ^"^^ and 
cnimble ;^^^ all otlier names which adorn^^^ its annals^^^ 
may be forgotten ; but as long as human liearts sliall 
anywliere pant/^-^ or human tongues shall anywhere 
plead,^^^ for a true, rational, constitutional liberty, 
those hearts shall enshrine ^^^ the memory, and those 
tongues prolong^^^ the fame, of George Wasliington! 

WlXTHUOP. 

^ 2Jlitbürt|er, ^ aufijef(f)oben, ^ {,.f,^, crt)aben, ^ errichtet, ^ genteipelt, 
" ^^6), ' oaulc, ^ i^m ^u Sbrcn, ^ nad^einanbcr, ^^ i|l aufijetotcn werben, 
" ieber für fid), ^^ l^efunbct, ^^ »crctrigcn, ^-^ 3ügC; ^= übrig, ^^ ge^oüt ju 
»erben, ^^ errietet, '^ beicuv3en, ^^ einzeln, ^o (Tommunen, ^i öifcntUcle 
«Beworben, 22 genau, " 3eitpunft, ^-^ im Segrirr, ^^ Sfnbenfen, ^''' Gm^eüe^» 
rung, 21 ®ren{en, 23 ißeröielfaUigung, ^o @eMet, ^o hervorbringen, -' ölie* 
ber, 32 beutlic^ ^eröortretenb, ^ bet■lagcn5n?ert(^ ^ Xenbenjen, ^ticbtungen, 
^ ergreifen, ^e ©degenbeit, ^' erneuern, 3" @c(übbe, ^^ 2;reue, '^^ Eingebung, 
^^ anerfenncn, *^ 2[nred)t, ^^ «]^uf,nt, ^-* iBerc^rung, ^^ allgenugfam, ^^ bidjt^ 
gebrängt, ^^ Scnföberation, ^"^ r)crrlic^, '^ (cternbUb, ^^ auf eiüig, ^^ ju gtet== 
ci}er 3eit, '"^ 3)fanb, ^-^ oinntnlb, '•'^ enng, " b'unbamcnt, ^"^ ber Sau, ^" feil 
tterbunben, ^* emporgehoben, ^'^ \z]i gemacbt, ^^ -Srüberlid^feit, ''' otrabl, 
•52 hervorrufen, entloden, ^^ mi>t^cnba|t, " Slüertbum, ^^ Sieb, ^^ anfd^Iagen, 
•^^ wieber^ailenb, ^^ Saite, "^^ burc^ bie oan^e Dicpublif, '^ fabret fort, '^ ^in- 
reic^enb, " Fimmel, ©olfen, " überragten, ^-^ ßrljabenfieit, " leget ben @runb, 
''^ bauernber, " unvergleic^Ucb, •* 9'''^i'i''*cr 5)?armor, '^ scrf*n^enbet barauf, 
^0 alt, ^'^ von grÖBevem SbenmaH, ^^ S5crebrung, ^^ übertragen, "^ ben i^r 
fd)ulbig feib, *^ bviburd), ba§ ibr beoba*tet, '^^ nad)al)mt, '"' au^ertefen, ** be== 
»orjugt, ^^ 33efd)ü^er, °^ weit ausgebreitet, ^^ erhaltet, 9- ermattet aufred)t, 
53 bemabrct, ^^ urfprünglid}, ^^ rtd}crtMenb, ^^ verbreitenb, -' 5>f^b, »^ 33au^ 
ten, »3 auf paffenbe SBcife, 100 |„i^ £.i(j,t |-tei(cn, '"i ^ncnfdAbeit, ^o^ yj^jj felbjl 
beffen bebarf er md)t, ^"^ untergeben, ^"^-^ -Sogen, ^^^ ©lanj, ^^6 erlöfdien, 
^0' Sapital, ^°8 öermobcrn, ^Ö9 ^erbröcfeln, ^^"^ jieren, ^'' ©efd)id)t5büd)er, 
"2 feußen, ^'^ [preisen für, '" bctuaf/ren, '^' ijcrenjigcn. 



LIBERTY AND ÜXION. (i^rei^eit unb SJcrciiiigung.) 

1. Mr. President : I have thus stated ^ the reasons 
of my dissent ^ to the doctrines ^ which have been ad- 
vanced ^ and maintained.^ I am eonscious'^ of having 
detained ' you and the Senate much too long. I was 
drawn into the debate,^ with no jDrevious ^ dehbera- 
tion/^ such as is suited^^ to the discussion of so graye^^ 



276 Se^rBu^ ber en3ltfd)en (Spraye» 

and important a subject.^^ But it is a subject of which 
mj heart is fall, and I liave not been wiüing to sup- 
press ^^ the utterance ^^ of its spontaneous ^^ senti- 
ments.^^. 

2. I cannot, even now, persuade myself to relin- 
quisli^^ it, without expressing, once more, my deep 
conviction,^^ tbat, since it respects ^^ nothing less than 
the Union of the States, it is of most vital ^^ and essen- 
tial ^^ importance to the public happiness. I profess,^^ 
sir, in my career ^^ hitherto,^^ to have kept steadily in 
view^*^ the prosperity and honor of the whole country, 
and the preservation ^' of our Federal Union. It is to 
that Union we owe our safety at home and our con- 
sideration and dignity abroad. It is to that Union 
that we are chiefly ^^ indebted for whatever-^ makes us 
most proud of our country. That Union we reached 
only by the discij)line ^^ of our virtues in the severe ^^ 
school of adversity.^^ 

3. It had its origin^" in the necessities ^^ of dis- 
ordered^^ finance, prostrate ^^ commerce, and ruined 
credit. Under its benign ^' influences, these great in- 
terests immediately awoke, as from the dead, and 
sprang forth^^ vdth newness of life.^^ Every year of 
its duration ^^ has teemed ^^ with fresh proofs ^'^ of ats 
utiHty "^^ and its blessings ; ^^ and, although our terri- 
tory has stretched out wider and wider, and our popu- 
lation spread farther and farther, they have not out- 
run ^^ its protection or its benefits. It has been to us 
all a copious^^ fountain of national, social, personal 
happiness. 

4. I have not allowed myself, sir, to look beyond the 
Union, to see what might lie hidden in the dark re- 
cess * ' behind. I have not coolly weighed ^^ the 
chances^^ of preserving liberty, when the bonds^^ that 
unite US together shall be broken asunder.^^ I have not 
accustomed ^' myself to hang over the precipice ^^ of 
disunion,^^ to see whether, with my short sight,^^ I can 
fathom ^"^ the depth of the abyss " belöw ; nor could I 
regard ^^ him as a safe counseUor"'^ in the affairs of this 



Xk |)ü(föjeümürter teö Tlo'on^. 277 

govemment, wliose tliouglits sliould be mainly ^^ bent 
on *^^ considering, not Low the Union might be best 
preserved, but how tolerable might be the condition of 
the people when it shall be broken up and destrojed. 

5. While the Union lasts,^~ we have high, exciting,^^ 
gi-atif jing ^^ prospects spread out before us, for us and 
our children. Beyond that I seek not to penetrate ^^ 
the veil.*^" God grant *^ ' that, in my day at least, that 
curtain*^^ may not rise ! God grant that on my vision*^^ 
never may be opened what lies behind ! When my 
eyes shall be turned to behold, ''^ for the last time, the 
sun in heaven, may I not see him sJiining on the 
broken and dishonored'' fragments'' of a once glorious 
Union ; on States dissevered,'^ discordant, '^ belliger- 
ent ; '^ on a land rent with'*^ civil feuds,' ' or drenched,^^ 
it may be, in fratemal blood ! 

6. Let their last feeble and hngering^'-' glance,^*^ 

rather, behold the gorgeous ^^ ensign*^^ of the Eepubhc, 

now known and honored throughout the earth, still fnll 

high advanced, its arms and frophies Streaming ^^ in 

their original lustre,^^ not a stripe erased ^^ or pol- 

luted,^° nor a single star obscured^' — bearing for its 

motto, no such miserable interrogatory^^ as, " What is 

all this worth ? " nor those other words of delusion ^^ 

and folly,^*^ " Liberty first, and Union afterwards," — 

but everywhere, spread all over in characters'^^ of living 

light, blazing ^^ on its ample^^ folds,^^ as they fold over 

the sea and over the land, and in every wind under the 

whole heavens, that other sentiment,^^ dear to every 

true American heart, — Liberty axd Union, noio and 

forever^ ONE AND insepakable ! 

Da2sIEL Webster. 

» bargelcgt, ^ D^^oruton (a^weti^enbc Wlünmg), ^ Se^ren, * öorsekac^t, 
5 »crt^eibigU « \ä) Vm mir fcerougt, "^ aufgehalten ^u ^atcn, ^ ^Debatte, ^ i^or^ 
Bergebenb, '' Uebertegun^, " wie fic^ acbörte für, ^' ixnii, ^^ ®egen|lanb, 
»'» unterbrüden, ^'= 2leu§erun9, ^"^ untpiüfürli*, ^'' ©efütile, ^* ^^'^i'J'f ^" 
»er',tc^tem '' UeSer^jeusung, ^^ ktrirrt, ^^ unumc^ anglich not^wenbig, - it»e^ 
fentUife, ^^iAMzmt, ^^ßaufbabn, '-'^ H^Ber, 20 ^^länb ig im Sluge Behalten 
m fabelt, 27 gr^altimg, ^s bauptfäd)Ii(b, 29 ^ü^ mti »a^^ ^o ß^^t, 9Iu«^ 
übunSf 2' fd^tper, ^^^UwilM, ^ Urfprun^, ^ [c^wierige Sage, ^^ jerrüttet, 
13 



278 ?ef)rbud) ter englif^en (cprad}e» 

3^ barnieberUegenb, ^' fcgcnSrcicf), '^ tj-^^tci; :^cröcr, 29 j^jt neuem 2:hn, 
^0 ®aucr, *' ift »ott gewcfen »cn, ^- SÖciDeife, ^^ ?iüfcltd)feit, ^ «cgmingen, 
^5 entronnen, ^^ rei*, ^' ^intergrunb, ^^ abgemc^cn, '*^ ®elegcn{)eüen, ^'^ SÖanbe» 
51 auöcinanber, in Stücfen, ^^^ baran gen^cfjnt, ^^ 5(bgrunb, ^* 3n?ietrac^t, 
" itur^üdjtigfeit, ^^ erc^rünben; ^' 5lbgriinb, ^^ ktracf)ten, " OlatJjgcber, 
60 ^auptfad}Ucf», «' flc^ bcfd)afti9en mit, " baucvt, ^^ anregcnb, " erfreuUd}, 
65 in bur^Drinijen, ^6 gdjieier, 6' ©Ott gebe, ^^ ^jpr^ang, " meinem SÖlicfe, 
'° amufc^iuen, "' entehrt, " (SAerkn, '^ jcrtrcnnt, '•^ in Bföiefpalt, '^ fam^jf^ 
bereit, '•'^ jcrriffen »on, " i^efjbe, '* gebabet, kflctit, '^ ^cgernb, ^° S3Ucf, 
^' })räd)tig, ^2 Banner, " fl^tternb, ^'^ &lan\, " au^Aewifc^t, »« beflecft, 
«' i?crbunfclt, ^8 grage, ^^ Sßat}n, ^^ X^or^eit, s' ^öuc^jlabcn, ^^ Uuc^tcr^, ^^ weit, 
^ S-altcn, 55 ®erinnunß. 



£efüiou XXXII. 

!^te iprogreffttJe S'onn (Pkogressive Forms). 3f{c= 



rapidly, fc^ttell, to level, tem iooreu ßleic^ma:; 

counsel, 2tnmalt» 6>m* 

to plead, |>(aitiren» to rage, trüt^eit. 

dexterity, @en?antt6eit» underneath, unter. 

apiDarent, augen[d:einlt($. propertj, (5)runt'ftiicf. 

non-concern, ©leii^^ültigfeit. to dissolve, auflcfctt. 

jDursuer, ^nn'fclger. partnersliip, ©efdMr't^iJcrHn^ 

trap, Salle, .^;interklt» tung. 

tenements, Samilientaferttca. to settlc accounts, 5IlTcdmung 

riot, 2(ufru^r. halten. 

to cause, ^crurfvtd^en. to remit, übcrivad^crt. 

remains, Uebcrrcfte. to deliberate, ü(*crkgctt. 

indication, Slnjcic&en» to extricate, kraucjiel^cn. 

review, ipeerfd^au. to occur, eintreten. 

to look forward to, aucfc^en ravages, ^^enrüftungen» 

nad>. copy, ßrcmplar. 

to come off, ftattfintcn. to argue, kcirünten. 

continuous, fortirdbrcnt. obvious, cjfenbar. 



Die progrcfjtijc gorm» 270 

to carry (a point), burd>fckn» to mind one's own business, 

to refute, ivitcricgcn» fid) um feine eichene %nc^tk^ 

recent, neulich. (^cnüeitcn Üimmcrn. 

dry-goods, 'i)}ianufa!tunt>aarcn. to catch cold, fid) erfältcn, 

regrets, Setaucrn» to chance to meet, jufäüig 

to lieed, had^teit. kgegnen» 

OfJcbcnSartcn. to change, ircAfcIn* 

a judge of, ein Kenner i?cn. to commit to memory, aui^ 

to judge, rid^tcn, Ijaltm für. ivtntig, (crnen. 

cxpert, gefdncft. all's well tliat ends well, Gnte 

sentenced, i^erurtbcKt. gut, 5I(Icc gut» 

in störe, in 33ercitfcbaft. I cannot help, id} fann ntd^t 

sole lieir, Uniijerfvalerbe. bafür. 

UcBunggs5(nfga6c 1. 

The United States are growing very rapidly. Hot/ 
do 3'ou seil this clotli a yard ? Five dollars a yard ; 
\ve are selling a great deal of this cloth. While the 
counsel for the prisoner was pleading bis client's case 
with great dexterity, the latter was looking about him- 
self with apparenfc non-concem. In trying to escape 
from the hands of bis piirsuers he feil into a trap. 
The neighborhood of Twenty-sixth Street and Seventh 
Avenue is one of the worst in the city, being surrounded 
by tenements, many of them containing such characters 
as those who began the riot on Wednesday, the 12th 
of July, and caused the death of those, to honor whose 
remains the regiment w^as assembling. There was no 
indication of a conflict, and a passage having been 
cleared, the reserve which had been dispatched there, 
returned. The review to which all Paris has been 
looking forward for the past three weeks and more, 
came off at Longchamps on June the 29th. All the 
moming there was a continuous stream of troops pour- 
ing out to the Bois de Boulogne. At the Porte Dau- 
phine leading into the Bois de Boulogne the workmen 
are still busy leveling what remains of the gate, and 
making the road look as much as possible the same as 



280 ^tl)xHä) ter englt)'d)en (Z^xadjc. 

it did abont ten months ago. One of the mosfc remark- 
able fires is said to be raging, iindemeath property of 
considerable value, almost in the center of the town of 
Sheffield, England. It must have been raging for a 
long period, possibly for some jears. Ilaving dissolved 
the partnership heretofore existing between us, we are 
now settling our accounts, and request all our friends 
to remit the amounts they are owing us on or before 
the first of September next. Wliüe we were deliberat- 
ing as to the best mode of extricating ourselves from 
this dilemma, a circumstance occurred which at once 
settled all our difficulties. Yvliat have you been doing 
all this morning ? I have been looking for you every- 
where this last hour. "What is the dog barking at ? 
He is barking at a cat. Eeports of the ra vages of the 
recent storm are Coming in fast. I was just thinking 
of you, when you entered the room. Wliile you were 
sleeping I finished two letters. I was going to request 
you to send me a few copies of your book. He had 
not been arguing his point more than ten minutes, 
when it was obvious that he would carry it ; and he 
did carry it despite all the efibrts that were making by 
the otlier party to refute him. The house that was 
building in Broadway, was blowTi down in the recent 
storm. Dry-goods are selling at much lower prices 
than they did during the war. This business being 
accomplished I bid them good-bye. I cannot take 
leave of you without expressing my sincere regrets at 
the course you have been taking in this matter. Hav- 
ing duly notified you of the difficulties which you woidd 
necessarily encounter in such an undertaking, you can 
not blame any one but yourself for not heeding my 
timely warning. 

9k*)cn§artcu : Are you a judge of wine? I am no 
judge of wine. Judge not, that you be not jadged. 
How old do you take me ? I should judge you to be 
about forty. I shall judge you by your own words. 
I have a Httle sister who is quite an expei-t in all sorts 
of needle-work. The criminal who was sentenced yes- 



Xk progrcffbe gorm» 



281 



terday to bc liung was the greatest expert in Ij'ing yoa 
evei' saw. I liave some good news in störe for von ; 
your uncle who died in California last week Las mado 
you sole heir of all his wealth. Is tliat any of your 
business ? I think everybody ouglit to mind liis own 
business. 'Tis nono of your business. If you go out 
without an overcoat at this late hour, you will be [sure 
to catcli cold. I caught cold last night in consequence 
of the Windows of my bedroom being open. AMiere 
did you chance to meet him ? I chanced to meet him 
in New York. Can you change a ten-dollar bill ? I 
do not think I can change a ten-dollar bill. You -^-ill 
find it profitable to commit these words to memory. 
I Avas greatly disappointed in not finding you at home 
when I called on you yesterday. All 's well that ends 
well. Will you favor nie with a call? I shall do my 
best to suit you. I could not lielp laughing at this 
idea. 



Sßörtcr5!SBcr3Cif§uig. 



(lutircn, to study. 
na&i ^paufe, home. 
au'^ge^eid^net, splendid. 
3u^, train. 
abgefahren, started. 
33a^n^of, railroad depot. 
anfommen, to reach. 
fid} 6eratf)en, to deliberate. 
jpa5 mir t^urt foütcn, what to 

do. 
man fagtc un^, we were told. 
ah^thcn, to leave. 
ftarf waren, numbered. 
3nftitut, institution. 
S^GaifenÜnt», orphan. 
zweifelhaft, questionable. 
dinj, repute. 
temerfen, to discover. 



Bürger, Citizen. 

etwa, about. 

langfam, slowly. 

feinec SGeg^^, along. 

3?ewegung, motion. 

te^inrert, impeded. 

mit einer ^ette kfcftigt an, 

chained to. 
nähere ^ad^forfd^nng, inquiry. 
hackte t)erauc, elicited. 
!Eeferteur, i-unaway. 
Siioip, clog. 
auf rie befc^riekne 2i}eife, in the 

manner described. 
l^erumtragen, to cany about. 
ertrinfen, to be drowned. 
Xccf, pier. 
gä()re, ferry. 



282 ^c()rlnic() tcr cni](i|'cf)cu 3prad}c» 

gri^, njaö mad)ft fcu ba ? 3ci) ftubirc meine Seftion, Xa<3 
(vrfte, )i?a0 ic| tl)uc, ii^euu id) auö tcr (^c^ule nad) .5)aufe 
fommc xft, tag id) meine ^efticn ftutire. 3d) rand)e l()ier eine 
ane^e^ei^nete ^ai?anna(> ^Sollen ^ie eine? 3d) banfe, 
id) rau^e nic^t, 3c^ vand)e jefcen 5Cbenb na^^ tem ^^bent^ 
ejfen eine 5^feife* 'Lex 3uß it^ar fceben abgefa!)ren, ale nnr 
auf tem ^al;n(;ofe anfamen ; mv njaren tabei unö ju beiw 
tl;en, aniv mv unter tiefen Umftanten tbun foUten, a(ö man 
uni3 faßte, ta§ ter näd)fte Quo, eine (Stunte fpäter abße(;en 
nmrte» 9}^eine (2d)n)ä0erin i'ft geftern i?on ^ambnri^ ange^ 
fommen. 2öir I)aben fie fd)on tie g,an\t Söoc^e erwartet, 
SSaö f)aben^ie foeben gefaßt? ic^ l)abt (Bie ni^t i^erftanten. 
3d) fagte, tag tie 3^eutfd)en in ten bereinigten Staaten me^r 
a^3 fünf 9}]ilIionen ftarf iraren. Xa^ " Susquelianna 
Valley Home," ein 3nftitut für Sßaifenfinter in feingimm^ 
tcn, 9L g)v ift in einen ^n)eife({)aften S^luf gebradu ircrten. 
5(nt i^origcn Xienftag bemcrftc Ölijal; daftie, ein 53ürgcr ':cn 
^ingbamton, 9h g]., einc:i etwa neun 3abre alten Änaben in 
Caf ^trajje, nne er (angfam feineo ®cgei3 ging, intem feine 
53emegungen turd) ein fd)n3ereo 3tücf t)c(^ belnntert iraren, 
iretd^eö niit einer Rütt an feinem C^alfe befeftigt waw dVd^ 
I)cre 9kd)fcrfd)ung bradUe au5 tem c^naben berau^^, tag er 
ein Xeferteur i>pn'tem "Home" fei, wo er ten Siici^ auf tie 
befdvriebene SSeife iner SSod)en lang I)erumgetragen Ijatic. 
Gin ytnabc ertranf geftern, ti^ä{)rent er auf tem Xecf an ter 
gahre fpielte» 



öcfcftüt! 1. 

SUPPOSED SPEECH OF REGULUS TO THE CARTHAGIXIAXS 

(^ingirte 3Rcbe bcö S^JeguIuö an bic Gart^'agcnicni'cr.) 

1. The beams^ of the rising sim Lad gilded tlie lofty- 
dömes of Cartliage, and given, witli its rieb ^ and mel- 
low * liglit, a tinge^ of beauty even to the frowning '^ 
ramparts' of the oiiter harbor. Sheltered^ by the 



Xit pvogrcffiyc gorm. 283 

verdant'^ shores a hundred triremes ^^ were riding^^ 
proudly at tlieir ancliors, their brazen^^ beaks^^ glitter- 
ing in the sun, tlieir streamers^^ dancing^^ in tlie mom- 
ing breeze, while many a sbattered ^^ plank and timber 
gave evidence ^' of desperate conflicfc witli tlie fleets of 
Rome. 

2. No murmur^^ of business or of revelrj^^ arose from 
the city. The artisan ^^ had forsaken ^^ his shop, tho 
judge his tribunal, the priest the sanctuary,^^ and even 
the stem'^^ stoic'"^^ had come forth from his retirement^^ 
to mingle with the crowd that, anxious and agitated,-*^ 
were rnshing '^' toward the Senate house, startled ^^ by 
the report that Eegulus had returned to Carthage. 

3. Onward, still onward, trampling each other under- 
foot, they rushed, furious with anger ^'-^ and eager for 
revenge.^*^ Fathers were there, whose sons were groan- 
ing^^ in fetters ; ^" maidens, whose lovers, weak and 
wounded, were dying in the dungeons "" of Rome, and 
gray-haired men and matrons, whom the Roman sword 
had left childless. 

4. Bnt when the stern features ^^ of Regulas were 
seen, and his colossal form towering^^ above the am- 
bassadors who had returned with him from Rome ; 
when the news passed from lip to hp that the dreaded^^ 
warrior, so far from advising^* the Roman Senate to 
consent ^^ to an exchange ^^ of prisoners, had urged^^ 
them to pursue, with exterminating ^^ vengeance, Car- 
thage and Carthaginians, — the multitude^^ swayed^^ to 
and fro like a forest beneath a tempest/^ and the rage^^ 
and hate of that tumultuous^^ throng vented itself ^' in 
groans/^ and curses;^^ and yells of vengeance.^^ But 
calm,^^ cold, and immoTable as the marble walls around 
him, stood the Roman ; and he stretched out his hand 
over that frenzied " crowd, with gesture ^^ as proudly 
commanding ^* as though he still stood at the head of 
the gleaming^^ cohorts^*^ of Rome. 

5. The tumult ceased; the curse, half muttered,^^ 
died upon the lip ; and so intense ^^ was the silence, 
that the clanking ^^ of the brazen manacles ^° upon the 



284 ?ef)rbuc^ ber cuölifc^en ^prai^e. 

wrist'^'^'^ of tlie captive feil ^* sharp and füll upon every 
ear ^^ in that vast ^^ assemblj, as he thus addressed 
tliem : — 

6. " Ye doubtless thought — for ye judge of Roman 
virttie by your own — that I would break my plighted 
oath,*^^ rather than, returning, brook ^'^ your yengeance. 
I might give reasons for this, in Punic comprehension/''' 
most foolish act of mine. I might speak of those eter- 
nal principles which make death for one's country a 
pleasure, not a pain. But, by great Jupiter ! methinks 
I should debase''^ myself to talk of such high things to 
you ; to you, expert '^^ in womanly inventions ; to you, 
well-skilled to drive a treacherous ^^ trade with simple 
Africans for ivory '^ and gold! If thebright'^ blood 
that fills my veins,'^ transmitted free'^ from god-like 
ancestry, ' ^ were Kke that shmy '^ ooze '*^ which stag- 
nates'^ in your arteries,'^ I had remained at home, and 
broke my plighted oath to save my life. 

7. "I am a Eoman citizen; therefore have I re- 
turned, that ye might work your -^^dll '-^ upon this mass 
of flesh and bones, that I esteem no higher than the 
rags that cover them. Here, in your capital, do I 
^gjyso yQ^^ Have I not conquered^^ your armies, 
fii'ed ^^ your towns, and dragged ^^ your gener als at my 
chariot ^^ wheels, since fii'st my youthful arms could 
wield ^^ a spear ? And do you think to see me crouch^*^ 
and cower ^^ before a tamed ^^ and shattered ^^ Senate ? 
The tearing of flesh and rending ^^ of sinews ^^ is but 
pastime^^ compared with the mentaP^ agony^^ that 
heaves my frame.^^ 

8. *' The moon has scarce yet waned °^ since the 
proudest of Rome's proud matrons, the mother upon 
whose breast I slept, and whose fair brow °^ so oft had 
beut over me before the noise of battle had stu-red ^^ 
my blood, or the fierce toil of ■war-'^ ncrved my sineTrs, 
did ydth fondest memory^^^ of bygone ^°^ hours entreat 
me to remain. I have seen her who, when my country 
called me to the field, did buckle on ^^^ my hamess ^^'^ 
with trembling hands, whilo tlie tears feil tliick and fast 



1:k |.n-C3re|)be gorm. 285 

down tlie liard corselet scales,^^* — I have seen her tear 
her gray locks, and beat her aged breast, as on her 
knees she begged me not to return to Carthage ; and 
all the assembled Senate of Eome, grave ^^^ and rev- 
erend ^^^ men, proffered ^'^' the same reqiiest. The 
puny ^^^ torments which ye have in store^^'' to welcome 
me withal,^^*^ shall be, to what I have endured, even as 
the miu'mur of a summer's brook to the fierce roar of 
angry surges^^^ in a rocky beach.^^^ 

9. " Last night, as I lay fettered ^^^ in my dungeon, 
I heard a stränge, ominous ^^^ sound ; it seenied likc 
the distant march of some vast army, their harness 
clanging ^^^ as they marched, when suddenly there 
stood by me, Xanthippus, the Spartan general, by 
whose aid you conquered me, and, with a voice low as 
when the solemn^^*^ wind moans ^^' through the leafless 
forest, he thus addressed me : ' Eoman, I come to bid 
thee curse, wdth thy dying breath, this fated^^^ city; 
know that in an evil moment, the Carthaginian gen- 
erals, furious with rage that I had conquered thee, 
their conqueror, did basely"^ murder me. And then 
they thought to stain ^^'^ my brightest honor. But, for 
this foul deed,^^^ the wrath ^- of Jove shall rest 
upon them here and hereafter.' And then he 
vanished.^^^ 

10. "And now, go bring your sharpest torments. 
The woes^^'^ I see impending^^^ over this guilty realm'^'^ 
shall be enough to sweeten death, though every nerve 
and artery were a shooting pang.^-' I die! but my 
death shall prove a proud triumph ; and, for every drop 
of blood ye from my veins do draw, your own shall 
flow in rivers. "Woe ^'^^ to thee, Carthage ! woe to the 
proud city of the waters ! I see thy nobles v»-aiKng ^-^ 
at the feet of Roman Senators ! thy Citizens in terror ! 
thy ships in flames ! I hear the victorious shouts of 
Home ! I see her eagles glittering on thy ramparts. 
Proud city, thou art doomecl ! ^^^ The curse ^^^ of God 
is on thee — a clinging,^^-^ wasting^^" curse. It shall not 
leave thy gates tili hungry flames shall lick the fretted 



286 ?ct)rbucl) tcr cni5lifrf)cn (3prac^c. 

gold ^"^ from off tlij proud palaces, and every brook 
runs crimson^"^ to the sea." 

E. Kellog. 

bro^enb, ' 33ruil»e^rc, ^ gcfc^ü^t, ^ grün, '" Xreiruberer (cht 33oct mit Xrci«' 
rubcrrU;en auf jeber ©citc), ^^ lagen jlclj i?or 5lnfer, ^^ ineiTmgen, ^^ (ccbnäbcl, 
^■^SßimpeU 'M"^Ätternb, '^ jcrfpdttert, ^' Seugni^, i'' ©craufc^, '« Scjlgc^ 
laöc, 20 .^anbmerfcr, 21 terlaffcm " ^eiligtkm, ^s ^jj^j-}^ 24 (gtcifcr 
(ein 9JI}ilcfc?6 bcr ficifAen ®d)ulc), ^ä ßurücföejcacnbelt, ''^ aufc^ercgt, 
2^ ftromtc, 2^ auf(^cfd)cuc^t, '^^ wni^cnb !oor 3i:*rn, ^^ tegtcrig md) SRacbc, 
31 fcbmacl}tetcn, ^' ocfKln, ^^ itcrfcr, ^4 ©cfid)tv;üi3e, 25 üf^crraöcnW ^^ ß^^ 
fürdnet, ^' i^cit tmfcrnt ^u ratzen, 2^ j-jj^e 3uftimmun(5 ju gehn, ^^ 5Iuö= 
ircd)feluna, "^^ in fie ßcbrungcn, ^^ scvtilgenb, ^ 3)Zenfd>cnmenge, ^^ rorgtc, 
^ 3turnf, ■*■' SButlv ^'^ lärmenb, -^^ ina(5)te ft^ Suft, ^^ grcllcnbe^ ®cbcul, 
^9 t!lü*e, ^'^ 9^ad)eöe()eul, '"^ nibig, ^^ vafcnb, '^ SBctrcaimg, ^-^ geHctcrifd), 
^5 gtän^enb, " Gof)orten (^eerfd)aaren), ^' gemurmelt, ^^"tief, ^^ baa ilürrcn, 
^0 ^anbfd)ctten, ^^ ^^anbgelcnfc, ^2 n^^ y^jj beutlic^ baö C(ir cineö Scbcn traf, 
«3 ungeheuer, ^* metnen_ocleirteten «Schwur, ^^ ertragen, ^^ nad) ^-'^unifcbcn (Sar=* 
tB:5gentenrif*en) SBcgrinen, ^' erniebrigcn, '^^ gefc^icft, *^ »crratkrifd), 'o Gl=' 
fenbein, 'i tiar, '^''Stbcrn, " frei i^ererbt, '^ aiorfaken, "'M'd^Icin^tg, '^ träge 
fUe^enbe i^^üfugfcit, •' fault, '^ 5Ibcrn, '^ baf? it?r euren ^lni\) flirten mcgt, 
^" trc^e, *>i teücgt, ^^ einacärd}ert, " gcf^Icift, ^^ .H'amvn'rcagcn, " f*n.nngcn, 
s^ friec^en, ^^ frummcn, '^^^ unterwürfig, ^^ I;altlcfe, so ^erreipcn, »' ecbnen, 
®2 (Spielerei, ^^ geiilia, ^^ Sd^merj, ^^ ber in meiner 23ruil uniMt, ^^ af'gencm^ 
men, " Stirn, ^hüt;, s= mein Slut ^>atte jvaUen gemadn, ^ bie Jrilbe 
Äriegöar:6ett, ^^^ mit ^ärtU6cr Grinneruna an, ^°' ijcrgangen, ^^'^ umgürtete, 
'^'3 ©affcnrüituna, '^^ 9.>an^crf*utpen, ^05 crniT, ^"^^ ebrn?ürbig, '«t iMten, 
^•^^ ijeräc^tlid^, ^o^ sgj^eitfduft, "« aud^, glcid^eitig, "' Sranbung, ^''- )^qU^ 
Hä>t, "3 (^efcffclt, "-5 kbeutungv^cÜ, "Mlirrcub, "«feierlich, ^''fcunt, 
^'n^rflud^t,^''^ nieberträittiger 2.i>eife, '"o teflecfen, ^-^ Sd>anbtbat, ^2- 3ern, 
^" ijerfd}n)anb, i--* Unheil, '25 fc(>n^chnb, '-^ fRei*, ^-■' reii^enber e*mcr;., 
^-8 Sße^e bir ! '-^ ircbftagenb, '3o ^^[^ ed>icffal i|l teficgclt, '^i c^-j^^, 
132 iieibenb, ^^s vj^yj^id^tcnb, ^^- ©clbserjierungeu von cr^>akner 5Irkit, 



135 



tlutrotf). 



THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. 

Give me of every language, first my vigorous^ Eng- 

lish 
Stored^ with imported wealth, ricli in its natural 

mines — 
Grand in its rhythmical ^ cadence/ simple for lioiiseliold 

employment — 
Worthy tlie poet's soug, fit for tlie speecli of a man. 



Die vn-oöteffbc gorm» 287 

Not from one metal alone tlio perfectest miiTor^ is 

shapen,'^ 
Not from ono color is built tlie rainbow's aerial ' 

bridge, 
Instruments blending together ^ yield ^ tlie divinest^^ of 

music, 
Out of a myriad flowers sweetest of lioney is dra-^Ti. 

So unto tliy close ^^ strength is welded ^^ and beaton 

together 
Irou dug ^^ from tlie North, ductile ^^ gold from the 

South ; 
So unto thy broad stream the ice-torrents ^^ bom in 

the mountains 
Eush/''' and the rivers pour brimming ^ith sun '~' from 

the plains. 

Thou hast the sharp clean edge ^^ and the downright " 

blow '^'^ of the Saxon, 
Thou the majestical march and the stately pomp of the 

Latin, 
Thou the euphonious'^^ swell,^^ the rhythmical roll ^" of 

the Greek ; 
Thine is the elegant suavity "^ caught from sonorous ^^ 

Italian, 
Thine the chivalric'*^ obeisance,^' the courteous'^ grace-^ 

of the Norman — 
Thine the Teutonic German's inbom^^ guttural 

strength. 

Eaftered"^ by firm-Iaid consonants, windowed""^ by 

opening yowels, 
Thou securely art built, fi'ee to the sun and the 

air ; 
Over thy feudal "^ battlements ^^ traiP^ the T\ild ten- 

drils ^'^ of f ancy, 
Where in the early morn warbled^' our earliest 

birds ; 



288 ?e()rburf) ter cnöli)'d)en (Zprad)e» 

Science looks out from thy watch-tower, love whispers 

in at thy lattice/^ 
"WTiile o'er thy bastions wit flashes "^ its glittering ^^ 

sword. 

Not by corniption rotted nor slowly by ages^^ de- 

graded/^ 
Have the sharp consonants gone crumbling ^^ away 

from our words ; 
Yirgin^^ and clean is their edge Hke granite blocks 

chiseled ^^ by Egypt ; 
Just as when Shakespeare and Milton laid them in 

glorious versa. 

Fitted for every use like a great majestical river, 
Blending thy various streams, stately thou flowest 

along, 
Bearing the white-winged ship of Poesy oyer thy 

bosom, 
Laden with spices'^*^ that come out of the tropical 

isles/^ 
Fancy's pleasuring yacht ^^ with its bright and flutter- 

ing pennons,^'"* 
Logic's ^^ Mgates of war and the toil-wom ^^ barges ^^ 

of trade. 

How art thou freely obedient unto the poet or Speaker 
When, in a happy hour, thought into sj^eech he trans- 

lates ; 
Caught on the word's shai'p angles flash the bright 

hues ^^ of his fancy — 
Grandly the thought rides the words, as a good horse- 

man his steed.^^ 

Now, clear, pure, hard, bright, and one by one, Hke to 

hail-stones, 
Short words fall from his lips fast as the first of a 

shower — 



Xk prc^refja^e gcrm* 289 

Now in a twofold colunm,^^ Spondee,^^ lamb,^' and 

Trocliee,^^ 
Unbroke, firm-set,^^ advance, retreat, trampling along — 
Now with a sprightlier springiness ^'^ bounding in ^^ 

triplicate '^' sjllables, 
Dance the elastic Dactylics ^^ in musical cadences on, 
Now tlieir voluminous"'* coiP^ intertangling ^*^ like liuge 

anacondas, 
EoU overwlielmingly " onward the sesquipedalian ^^ 

words. 



riexile -^ and free in tliy gait '^ and simple in all tliy 

constrnction, 
Yielding to every tum tliou bearest tliy rider along ; 
Now like oiir hackney ' ^ or draught-horse '- serviug oiir 

commonest nses, 
Now bearing grandly the Poet Pegasus-like to the 

sky. 

Thou art not prisoned in fixed rules, thou art no slave 

to a gi'ammar, 
Thou art an eagle uncaged,'^ scoming '^^ the perch '^ 

and the chain ; 
Hadst thou been fettered and formalized,''^ thou hadst 

been tamer and weaker. 
How could the poor slave walk v,it]i thy grand free- 

dom of gait ? 
Let, then, grammarians rail,'' and let foreigners sigh 

for thy sign-posts,'^ 
Wandering lost in thy maze,'^ the wilds ^'^ of magnifi- 

cent gi'owth. 

Call thee incongruous,^^ wild, of mle and of reason 

defiant ; ^^ 
I in thy wildness a gi'and freedom of character find. 
So with iiTegular outline-'^ tower up ^^ thy sky-piercing 

mountains, 



290 '^e^rlmd) tcr engUfd)en 8prac^e. 

Kearing ^^ o'er yawning ^^ cliasms ^' loftj precipitous ^^ 

steeps.^^ 
SpreacÜDg o'er leclges^^ unclimbable, meadows and 

slopes '^^ of green smoothness/-'^ 
Bearing the flowers in their clefts, losing tlieir peaks 

in the clouds. 



Therefore it is that I praise thee, and never can cease 

from rejoicing, 
Thinking tliafc good sfcout Englisli is mine and my an- 

cestors' '-'-' tongue ; 
Givc mo its varying music, tlio flow of its free modu- 

lation — 
I will not covet'^^ the füll roll of the glorious Greek, — 
Lnscious ^^ and feeble ItaUan, Latin so formal and 

statelj, 
French with its nasal lisp '-"^ nor German inverted ^^ 

and harsli — 
Not while cur organ °° can speak with its manv and 

wonderful voices — 
Play OB the soft flute of love, blow the loiid trnmpet 

of war, 
Sing with the high sesquialtro,^^ or drawing its füll 

diapason ^^^ 
Shake all the air with the grand storm of its pedals 

and stops. 

William W. Story. 



^ Uä\tuh "^ i^erfc^en, xz\i) an, ^ r^t^mtfd), •* Icnfall, ^' Spiegel, ^ öefcrmt, 
' luftig, ^ ^ufammeuflingenb, ^ bringen ^cn^cr, '^ gcttlidMl, ^' gebruugen, 
^2 gefc^miebet, ^" ausgegraben, '■• bc{)nbar, '^ bie eifigcn ®iepbä(^e, ^^ ftri?= 
men, ^' »oll ijon (Sonne, b. i. fcnnen^eU, '* Sd^neibe, '"^ aufri*tig, natiirü*, 
20 S[öud)t, 21 jT^o^ltUngenb, =2 ^^^^^ (fräftiaen £}cbllaut), 23 ed>rag, 
2^ SSeic^t)cit, -' öoatönenb, 2-; rittcrlid), 2: (irgebcntjeit, -^ ^^\&), "^ Slnmut^, 
20 angeboren, "' baS ©erüjl, gebaut, ^2 mit Senilem verfeben, ^ mittelalterlich, 
^ 23ru|lmcbren, "^ laufen, ^^ SAlingj) flanken, ^' trillerten, ^^ ©itterfen|ler, 
Äanimerfenftcr, ^^ büßen läpt, ^^ glän^cnb, ^^ Sa^rbunbertc, ^^ entartet, 
^3 seriüiiternb, ^^ jungfräulich, ^'' gemeipelt, ^^ ©etriir^e, ^' Snfcln, "^-Cuftfcbirr, 
*^ SBimpel, °o Cogif, ^1 »on anilrengenber Sfrbeit ^art mitgencmmen, ^2 2a\i^ 
ft^iffe, 53 Farben, " 9iop, " -^eereefäule, ^« SponbäuS ( ), ^' Sambua 



1)k proßreiybe gorm» 291 

(w_), 53 2;rocf)äue (— — ), ^ fcftgefügt, «^ Glaflicität, «' fpringenb, " brei- 
fac^, «3 T)aftt)len (— ^ ^), '^■^ unget)euer, ^= Sftinge, ''Mucinant^crfd^Iingcnb, 
«^ übernjältigenb, *^* ellenlang (eigentUd) 1^ %u^), *'^ Hegfam, 'O ©ang, 
'^ 9)iiet^gaul, " Caflgaut, "'^ ungcfcffelt, '•* »erac^tenb, ^^ ®i^, '^ jugeflu^t, 
" fpotten, '^ Sjjeilenjeigcr, ^^ l^abtirint^, ^ Umalb, "^ inconfequcnt, 
^2 tro^enb, ^^ Umriffenf " ragen empor, '^= bauenb, ^'»^ gät)nenb, *■" Sc^lünbc, 
88 jci^, 89 5(t^änger ^^ ^elßrücfcn, ^^ 5t6Iiange, ^^ 5,^^ n)ci*em ®rün, 
^^ S^orfa'^renr ^^ begierig fein nad), ^^ [üp, faftig, ^"^ mit ncifclnbem 2i?pe(n, 
5^ perbretit, s- Drge'l, Organ, ^^ Seö^nialtrc, eine «Stimme an bcr S^rgcl, bie 
brei S^ci^cn S^fcifcn tiat, '^^o i^.iapafon, eine anbere Stimme. 



MODERN LANG VAG ES. 



SIMON Nfi'S MANUAL OF 

FRENCII VERBS. Comprising the 
formation of Persons, Tcnses, and 
Sloods of the Regulär and Irregulär 
Verbs ; a Practical Method to Irace 
the Intinitive of a Verb out of any 
of its Inflectlons ; Models of Senten- 
ces in tbeir different Forms ; and a 
Series of the most useful Idiomati- 
cal Phrases. By T. Simonxe. 12mo. 
108 pages. Price, 75 cents. 

The title of Ihis volume. given in 
füll above, Shows its scope and 
cbaracter. Tlie conjugaliou of the 
verbs, regulär as well as irregulär, 
iB tlie great, dithculty that the 
French Student has toencounter ; 
and. to aid hira in surmounting it, 
M. Simonne has applied bis long 
esperience as a teacher of the lan- 
guage. 



S P I E R S x\ND SüRENNE'S 

French- and -English and English- 
and-French Pronouncing Diction- 
ary. Edited by G. P. Quackenbos, 
A. M. One large vol., Svo, of 1,316 
pp., neat type, and fine paper. 
Half Mor., $6. 

Thepublishers daimfor ihis icorJc, 

1. That it is a revision and com- 
bination of (Spiers's) the best defin- 
Ing and (Surenne's) the most accu- 
rate pronouncing dictionary ex- 
tant. 

2. That in this work the nnmer- 
ous errors in Spiers"s dictionary 
have been carefully and faithfuily 
corrected. 

3. That eome three thousr nd new 
definitions have been added. 

4. That numerons definitions and 
constructions are elucidated by 
gramniatical remarks and illustra- 
tive clauses and sentences. 

5. That eeveral thousand new 
phrases and idioms are embodied. 

6. Tbat upward of twelve hnn- 
dred synonymous terms are ex- 
plained, by pointing out their dis- 
tinctive shades of meaning, 

7. That the parts of all the irregu- 
lär verbs are ineerted in alphabetlcal 
Order, so that one reference gives 
ihe mood, tense, person, and num- 
ber. 

8. That some four thousand new 
French words, connected with sci- 
ence, art, and literature, have be«n 
added. 



9. That every French word is cc- 
companied by as exact a pronuncia- 
tion as can be represenled by cor- 
respouding English eounde, aud 
vice versa. 

10. That it contains a fall vocabn- 
lary of the names of persons and 
places, mythological aud classical, 
aucieut and modern. 

11. That the arrangement is the 
must convenient for reference that 
can be adopted. 

12. That it is the most complete, 
accurate, and reliable dictionary of 
these languagcs published. 



yOLTAIRE'S HISTORY OF 

CHARLES Xn. Carefnlly revised 
by Gabriel Suken-xe. 16mo. 263 
pages. Price, T5 cönts. 

This is a neat edition of Voltaire's 
valuable and populär History of 
Charles XII., King of Sweden, pub- 
lished under the euper%ision of a 
distinjuished echolar, and woll 
adapted lo the use of schools in this 
country. 



WINKELM AN'S F R E X C H 

SYNTAX ; being a course of Excr- 
cises in all parts of French Syniax, 
methodically arranged after Poite- 
vin'a " Syntaxe Franchise ; " to 
which are added Ten Appendices, 
designed for the use of Academies. 
Colleges, and Private Leamers. By 
Frederick J. Winkelmak, A. M., 
PH. D., Professor of Latin, French, 
and German, in the Packer Collegi- 
ate Institute. 12mo. 366 pages. 
$1.25. 

Tills work is intended for studenta 
who already have a partial acqnaint- 
ance with the French langaage, 
but wish to acquire a more thorou^h 
knowledere of its Syntax than can ne 
obtained throagh the text-books in 
general use. It is arranged in the 
same manner as the practical part 
ofPoitevin's "Syntaxe Fran9fise." 
The examples of Sj-ntax are mainly 
translations of passages frora the 
best French authors. The Appen- 
dices — of which there are ten— illus- 
trate various difficiüt points in 
French gramaiar. 



MODERN LANGUAGES. 



THE MASTERY SERIES FOR 

Leaming Langnages on Xcw Princi- 
ples. By Thomas Peekdergast, 
Author of "The Mastery of Lan- 
guages, or the Art of Speaking 
Foreign Tongues Idiomatically," 
This method offers a Solution of the 
Problem, How to obtain facility in 
speaking foreign languages gram- 
matically, without using the Gram- 
mar in the first stage. It adopts and 
eystematizes that process by which 
many couriers and explorers bave 
become expert practical linguists. 

HAXD-BOOK TO THE MASTERY 
SERIES, being an Introductory 
Treatise. Price, 50 cents. 

rnE MASTERY SERIES, GERMAN. 
Price, 50 cents. 



German. 
ADLER'S GERMAX- AXD- 

Englisb, and Englisb-and-German 
Pronouncing Dictioaary. By G. J. 
Adler, A. M., Professor of the Ger- 
man Language and Literature in the 
üniversity of New York. One ele- 
gant large Svo vol. 1,400 pages. 
Price, C'6- 

The aim of the dislingnished au- 
thor of this work has been to em- 
body aU the valiiable results of the j 
most reccnt investigations in a Grer- 
man Lcxicon, Mhich might become 
not only a roliable guide for the 
practical acquisition of the lan- 
guage, but one which would not for- 
eake the Student in the higher walks 
of bis pursuits. to which its treas- 
urcs would invite him. 

In the preparation of the German 
aud English Part, the basls adopted 
has been the work of Flügel, com- 
piled in reality by Heimann. Feiling, 
and Oxenfonf. This was the most 
complete and .iudiciously-prepared 
nianual of the kind in England. 

The present work contains the ac- 
centuatioii of cvcry German word, 
Beveral hundred synonjines, to- 
gether with a Classification and 
alphabetical list of the irresrular 
verbs. and a dicliouary of German 
abbrcTiations. 



The foreign words, likewise, which 
have not been completely German- 
ized, and which often differ in pro- 
nuiiciation and intlection from tuch 
as are purely native, have been des- 
ignated by particular marks. 

The vocabulary of foreign words, 
which now act so important a part, 
not only in scientific works, but in 
the best classics, reviews, Journals, 
newspapers, and even in conversa- 
tion, has been copiously supj)]ied 
from the most complete and correct 
sources. It is believed that in the 
terminology of chemistry, miner. 
alogj, the practical arts, commerce, 
navigation. rhetoric, grammar, my- 
thology, philosophy, etc., scarcely 
a word wül be found to be wanting. 

The Second (or German-English) 
Part of this volume has been chiefly 
reprinted from the work of Flügel. 
The attention which has been paid 
in Gerraany to the preparation of 
English dictionaries for the German 
Student has been such as to render 
these works very complete. The 
Student, therefore, will scarcely find 
any thing deficient in this Second 
Part. 



AN ABRIDGMEXT OF 

ABOYE. 12mo. 844 pages. 
S2.50. 



THE 
Price, 



With a View of offering to the Stu- 
dent of German such a portion of 
bis larger work as would embody 
the most general and important 
lexicographical Clements of the lan- 
guage in the smaUest possible com- 
pass, the author has gone over the 
entire ground of the larger work— 
revisin^, condensin^. or adding, ag 
the case might require. All pro- 
vincialisms, "synonymes, and strict- 
ly scientific terms, bave been ex- 
cluded from these patres, and ever}' 
thing that micrht prove unneccssary 
or embarrassinij to begiuners, or to 
travellers. and others~for whom a 
smaller volume is bettcr adapted. 



From C. C. Feltox. Prof.of Greek, 
Harvard Univ. 

'• The careful manncr in which 
Prof. Adler has investigated the lan- 
guage as employed by the great body 
of recent German writers, and the 
accuracy with which the best usage 
is explaincd in bis definitions. make 
the work pecnliarly valiiablc for 
English and American studente." 



MODERN LANGUAGES. 



ADLER'S HAND -BOOK OF 

GERMAN LITERATURE. Con- 
taining Schiller's Maid of Orleans, 
Goethe' 3 Iphigenia in Tauris, 
Ticck's Poss in Boots, Tlic Xenia, 
by Goethe and Schiller. With 
Critical lutroductions and Explana- 
tory Notes : to which is added an 
Appendix of Specimenä of German 
Prose, from the middle of the Six- 
teenth to the middle of the Nine- 
teenth Century. By G. J. i\j)LER. 
12ino. 55ü pages. Price, $1.50. 

For classes that have made some 
proSciency in the German language, 
and desire an acquaintance with 
»pecimens of its dramatic literature, 
no more charming selection than 
tliis can be fonnd. Sufficient aid is 
given, in the form of introductions 
and iiotes, to enable the Student to 
undcrstand thoroughly what he 
reads. The proL'ress of the lan- 
guage is graphically ilhistrated by 
Kpecimcns of the literature at differ- 
ent eras, collated in an Appendix. 



A D L E Pw ' S PEOGRESSI VE 

GERMAN READER. By G. J. 
Adler, Professor of the German 
Language and Literature in the L"ni- 
versity of the City of New York. 
12mo. .308 pages. Price, $1.50, 

The plan of this German Reader 
Is as follows : 

1. The pieces are both prose and 

poctrj-, pclected from the best au- 
thors. and present sufficient variety 
to keep alive the interest of the 
Scholar. 

2. It is progressive in its natura, 
the pieces being at first very short 
and easy, and increasing in diffi- 
culty and length as the leamer ad- 
vances. 

3. At the bottom of the page con- 
etant references to the Grammar are 
made, the difhcult passages are ex- 
plaincd and rendered. To encour- 
age the first attempt of the learner 
as much as po>-sible, the twenty-one 
pieces of tlie first section are ana- 
lyzed, and all the necessary words 
given at the bottom of the page. 
The notes, which at first are very 
abundant, diminish as the learner 
adrances. 



4. It contains ßve eectione. The 
filmst contains easy pieces, chiefly in 
prose, with all the words necessary 
for translating tliem ; the second, 
Short pieces in prose and poetry 
alternately, with copious notes and 
renderings ; the third, short populai 
talcs of Grimm and others ; the 
foitrth, select ballads and other 
poems from Bürger, Goethe, Schil- 
ler, Uiiland. Schwab. Chamisso. etc. ; 
the Jifih, prose extracts from the first 
classics. 

5. At the end is added a vocabu- 
la«y of all the words occurring iu the 
book. 

The pieces have been sclected 
and the notes prepared with great 
taste and judgment, so much so as 
to rendcr the book a general favorito 
with German teachers. 



A NEW, PPwACTICAL, AXD 

Easy Method of Learning the Ger- 
man Language. By F. Ahk, Doctoi 
of Philosophy, and Professor of the 
College of Neuss. 12mo. Price, 
$1. 



EICHHORN"S PRACTICAL 

GERMAN GRAMMAR. By 

Charles Eicnnor.x, 12mo. 287 
pages. Price, $1.50. 

Those who have nsed Eichhom's 
Grammar commend it in thehiijhest 
terms for the escellence of its ar- 
rangement. the simplicity of its rnles, 
and the tuet with which abstruse 
points of grammar are illustrated by 
means of written exercises. It is 
the workof a practical teacher, who 
has leamed by experience what the 
difiiculties of the pupil are and how 
to removti them. 



i R E M E R ' S POLYGLOTT 

! READER DT GERMAN. Being a 
i Translation of the English Selec- 
j tion. Translated by Dr. Solger. 

I ♦ 

WOR^AX'S GERMAN 

GRAMMAR. 1 vol., 12mo. 500 
! pages. Price, $2.00. 
j The Elementary work by the same 

I author has met with greät success, 
] having bcen introduced into a large 
I number of schools and Colleges. 



MODERN LANGUAGES. 



OLLENDORFF'S NEW METH- 

OD of Leaming to Read, Write, and 
Speak the German Language. By 
George J. Adleb, A. M. 12mo. 
510 pagcs. Price, $1.25. 

KEY TO EXEPwCISES. Sepa- 
rate volume. Price, $1. 

Few books have maintained their 
popuiarity in the Bchools for so long 
ji period as the OllendorflF eeries. 
The verdict pronounced in their 
favor, on their first appearance in 
Europe, has been signally confixmed 
in America. The publishers have 
received the strongest testimoniala 
in relation to their merits from the 
press, from State and county school 
officers, from principals of acade- 
mies, and teachers of public and pri- 
vate echools in all sections of the 
United States. 



Grammars for TeacMng English 

to Germans. 

OLLENDORFF'S NEWMETH- 

OD for Germans to Leam to Eead, 
Write, and Speak the English Lan- 
gnage. Arranged and Adapted to 
Schools and Private Academies. 
By P. Gands. 12mo. 599 pages. 
Price, $1.50. 

KEY TO THE EXEROISES. 

Separate volume. Price, $1. 



BRYAN'S GRAmiAR FOR 

Germans to learn English. Edited 
by Professor Schüiedeb. 12mo. 
189 pages. Price, $1.25. 

The publishers have got out these 
volumes in view of the great num- 
ber of Germans residing in and con- 
Btantly emigrating to the United 
States, withwhom the speedyacqui- 
pition of Eoglish is a highly desir- 
able objcct. To aid them in thie, 
the Services of competent and ex- 
perienced teachers have been pro- 
cured, and the admirable Grammars 
named above are the results of their 
labors. 

The Ollendorff Grammar embraces 
a füll and compietc Synopsis of Eng- 
lish Grammar, applied at cvery step 
to practica! exercises. It is con- 
etructed according to the "New 
Method " which has so ,7enerally 
approvcd itself to public favor. Ä 
niontli's study of this volume will 
Bupply the leamerwith such current 



idioms that he can comprehend 
ordinary conversation, and in tum 
makc h'imself understood. 

Bryan's Course is briefer, and 
betteV adapted for primary classes 
and those whose time of study is 
limited. It presents the cardinal 
priuciples of the language, well ar- 
ranged and clearly illustrated. The 
anomaliea of English syntax are 
handled in a masterly manner, and 
the general treatment of the sub- 
ject such as to remove from it all 
difflculties by the way. 



ELEMENT ART GERMAN 
EEADER. By Rev. L. W. Hetden- 
KEicH, Professor of Languages at 
Bethlehem, Pa. Price, $1.00. 

This is an excellent volume for 
beginners, combining the advan- 
tages of Grammar and Reader. It 
has received strong and cordial 
commendations from the best Ger- 
man scholars in the country : among 
whom are Prof. Schmidt, of Colum- 
bia College, N. Y. ; William M. 
Reynolds, late Pres, of Capitol 
Univ., Columbus, Ohio ; Edward H. 
Eeichel, Principal of Nazarcth Hall; 
W. D. Whitney, Prof. of Sanscrit 
and German in Yale College, etc., 
etc. 



Italian. 
MEADOWS'S ITALIAN-AND- 

ENGLISHDICTIONARY. InTwo 
Parts. I. Italiau-and-English ; II. 
English-and-Italian. Comprehend- 
ing, in the First Part, all the Old 
Words, Contractions, and Licences 
used by the ancient Italian Poets 
and Prose Writers; in the Second 
Part, all the various Meanings of 
English Verbs. With a new and 
concise Grammar, to render easy 
the acquirement of the Italian Lan- 
guage; eshibiting the Pronuncia- 
tion by Corrcsponding Sounds, the 
Parts of Speech, Gender of Italian 
Nouns, New Conjagation of Regu- 
lär and Irregulär Verbs, Acceut on 
Italian and EngUsh Words, List of 
usual Christian and Proper Names, 
Names of Countrics and Nation Sw 
By F. C. Meadows, M. A. 1 vol., 
16mo. $2. 



MODERN LAXGUAGES. 



U 



ELEMEXTARY GRAMMAPw 

OF THE ITALL\N L^V^s'GÜAGE. 

Progressively Arranged for the use 
of Schools and Colleges. By G. B. 
FoNTANA. 12mo. 236 pp. $1.50. 

Tlic object of this work is to pre- 
pcnt tlie language as gpoken to-day, 
in itö eimpTest garb, both theorcti- 
cally and praclically. The Gram- 
mar is divided iuto"two parts, em- 
brdcini: Sixty Lessons and öisty 
Exercises. The lirst part is exclu- 
pively given to niles indispensable 
to a general idea of tbe language ; 
the second is framed for those who 
are desirous of having an insight in- 
to its theory, and consists of Syn- 
onyms, maxims, Idioms, and figura- 
tive expressions. The Exercises 
of both parts are very regularly pro- 
gressive,— and those of the second 
part are of course the mosc difficult. 
bome of them coutain extracts from 
celcbrated poems translated iuto 
piain prose. so that the pupil may 
compare hisi Italian trauslation with 
the original, ^hich has been iu- 
perted lor that purpose at the cnd 
of the bock. Others are biographi- 
cal Sketches of the most prominent 
among the Italian writers : by 
which nieans, the pupil. whilst ac- 
quiring the lauguage, may become 
famihar with the life and works of 
some of the classic Italian authors, 
?uch as ilanzoni. Alfieri, Tasso, 
Petvarch, and the father of Italian 
langnage and literature, Dante Ali- 
ghieri. 



FORESTPS ITALIAN 

EEADER : A Collection of Pieces j 
in Italian Prose. designed as a Eead- 
ing-Book for Students of the Italian 
Langnage. By E. Felix Forest:, | 
LL. D, 12mo. 293 pagea. Price, 
$1.50. 

In makin? selectione for this vol- 
«me, Prof. Foresti has had recourse 
to the modern writersof Italyrather 
than to the old school of novelists, 
historians, and poets; his object 
heing to present a picture of the 
Italian languaire as it is written and 
spoken at the present day. The 
literary taste of the Compiler and 
his jud^ment as an instructor have 
been brought to bear with the 
happiest results in this valuable 
Reader. 

From the Savannah BepubUean. 

" The selertions are from populär 
authors, such as Botta. Manzoni, 
üachiavelli, Yillani, and others. i 



They are so made as not to consti- 
tate mere exercises, but contain 
distlnct relations so coniplete as to 
gratify the reader and eugage his 
attention while they iustnict. This 
is a marked iniprovement on that 
old System which cxacted mach 
iabor without enlisting the svm- 
pathies of the Student. The idiöms 
that occur in the selections are ex- 
plained by a glossary appended to 
each. The Italian Eeader can with 
confidence be recommended to stu- 
dents in the language as a safe and 
eure guide. Alter mastering it, the 
Italian poets and other classicista 
may be approached with confi- 
dence." 



MILLHOUSE'S NEW ENG- 
lieh -and -Italian and Itallan-and- 
English Dictionary. With the Pro- 
nunciation of the Italian. With 
many additions, by Fekdjkand 
BRACCiPonTi. 2 vols., 8vo. Half 
bouud, $ß.OO. 

This Italian Dictionary ig consid- 
ered the best which häs yet been 
published. It was prepared bv the 
iate John Millhouse, and is ac- 
knowled-red, bv those who have 
made themselves familiär with the 
Italian, to excel all that have yet ap- 
peared. 



ROEMER'S POLYGLOTT 
Eeader, in the Italian Langnage; 
being a Translation of the English 
Book undcr that title. 1 vol., 12mo. 

%1M. 



OllendorfTs Italian Grammars. 
PRIMARY LESSOXS IN 

Leaming to Eead, Write, and Spcak 
the Italian Langnage. Introductory 
to the Larger Grammar. By G. W. 
GEEE^^E. ISmo. 238pages. Price, 
T5ct*. 



OLLENDORFFS NT:TrMETH- 

OD of Leaming to Eead, Write. and 
Speak the Italian Language. With 
Additions and Corrections. By E. 
Felix Foresti. LL. D. 12mo. 533 
pages. Price, $1. so. 



18 



MODERN LANGUAGES. 



KEY. Separate volume. Price, 
$1. 

In Ollendorlf's grammars is for 
the first time presented a syBtem hy 
which the etudoot can acquire a 
conversational kno\vledi,'e of Italian. 
This will recommeiul them to prac- 
tical etudentä ; while, at the eame 
time. there is no laclc of rules and 
principles for those who would pur- 
pue a Bystematic grammatical course 
with the view of tranäJating and 
■writing the language. ! 

Prof. Greene's Introduction should | 
be ulken up by youthful classes, for 
■whom it iä specially desigued, the 
more difficult parts of the course 1 
being lelf for the larger volume. j 

The advancedwork has been care- I 
fully revised by Prof. Foresti, who I 
has made such emendations and ad- \ 
ditions as thewants of the country 
required. In many sections the 
Services of an Italian teacher cannot 
be obtained ; the Ollendorfi" Course 
and Key will there supply the want 
of a master in the most satisfactory 
manner. 

From the United States Gazette. 

*'The System of learning and 
teacliing the living languatres by 
Ollendortf is so superior to all other 
modes. that in England and on the 
Continent of Europe, scarrely any 
other is in use. in well-directed 
academies and other institutions of 
learning. To those who feel dis- 
posed to cultivate an acquaintance 
with Italian literature, this work 
wiU prove invaluable. abridging, by 
an immense deal, the period com- 
monly employed in studying the 
language." 



method of the distinguished Ger- 
man Doctor has been applied in the 

£resent instance to the SpanisU 
anguage, upon the basis of the ex- 
cellent "Grammars of Lespada and 
Martinez, and it is lioped that ita 
simplicity and utiüty will procure 
for it the favor that its German, 
French, and Italian prototypes have 
already found in the Schools and 
Colleges of Europe. 



Spanish. 
AHN'S SPANISH GP AMMAR ; 

being a New, Practical, and Easy 
Method of Learning the Spanish 
Language ; after the System of A. 
P. Ahn, Doctor of Philosophy. and 
Professor at the College of Neuss. 
First American edition. revised and 
enlarged. 12mo. 149 pagcs, $1. 

KEY. 25 Cents. 

Prof. Ahn' 8 method Is one of 
poculiar excellence, and has met 
with great success. It has been 
happily described in his own words : 
'' Learn a foreign languat^e a? you 
leamed your mother tongue" — in 
the same simple manner. and with 
the Siimc natural gnidations. This 



(DE BELEM) THE SPANISH 

PHRASE-BOOK; or, Key to 
Spanish Conversation. Containing 
the Chief Idioms of the Spanish Lan- 
guage, with the Conjugations of the 
Auxiliaryand the Regulär Verbs, on 
the plan of the lata Abbe BossuL 
By E. M. DE Belem. 1 vol., ISmc. 
iT Cents. 



DE VERE'S GPAMMAR OF 

THE SPANISH LANGUAGE. 
With a History of the Language and 
Practical Exerciscs. By M. Schele 
DE Vere. 12mo. 273 pages. Price, 
$1.60. 

In this volume arc embodied the 
rcsults of many years' expcrience on 
the part of the author, as Professor 
of Spanish in the University of Vir- 
ginia. It aims to impart ä critical 
knowledae of the language by a 
systematic course of erammar, il- 
lustrated with appropriate excr- 
cises. The author has availed him- 
self of the labors of recent gram- 
marians and critics: and by con- 
densing his rules and principles, and 
rejecting a burdensome superthiity 
of detail, he has brought the whole 
within a comparativel^- emall com- 
pass. By pursuing 'this simple 
course, the language may be easily 
and quickly mastered. not only for 
conversational purposcs, but for 
rcadine: it fluently and writing it 
with elegance. 
From the PhüadelpMa Daily Xeic 

"No Student of the Castillan dia- 
lect should be without this Gram- 
mar. It is at once concise and 
comprehensive— 7?n/J<?/7n in parvo— 
containing nothing that is redun- 
dant, yet omilting nothiug that is 
essential to the leamer. The con- 
jugations are so admirably arranired 
as no loni:er to present that stum- 
bling-block which has frightencd so 
manv from the studv of oue of tho 
riebest and most iDaji.-stic of lan- 
guage s." 



MODERN LANG VAGES. 



13 



BÜTLER'S SPANISH TEACH- 

er and Colloquial Phrase-Book : An 
Eapy and Agrceable Mcthod of Ac- 
quiring a Speaking Knowledge of 
the Spanish Language. By Pro- 
fessor Butler. ISiuo. 293 pages. 
Price, 60 cts. 

The object of thc author ia to 
make the Spauish languaire a living, 
speaking tongue to the learner; and 
tlie method he adopts is that of 
natiire. He begins wiih the eimplest 
elements, and progrcssively advan- 
ces, appljing all former acquisitions 
as he proceed?, initil the learner has 
mastered one of the most perfect 
languages of modern times. 

Fromthe N. Y. Journal of Commerce. 
"This is a good hook, and well 
fitted for the piirposes for which it 
is designed. The Spanish language 
is one of great simplicity, and more 
easily acquired than any other mod- 
ern tongue. For a beginner, we 
rccommend this little book, which 
is small, and desigued to be carried 
in the pocket." 



MEADOWS'S SPANISH- AND- 

ENGLISH DICTIOXARY. In Two 
Parts. I. Spanish-and-English ; II. 
English- and -Spanish. The First 
Part comprehends all the Spanish 
Words, with their appropriate Ac- 
cents, and every Noun with its 
Gender. The Second Part, with the 
addition of many new Words, con- 
tains all the various Meanings of 
English Verbs, in Alphabetical Or- 
der, an expressed by their corre- 
fpondent Spanish, in a eimple and 
definite sense. At the end of both 
Parts is affixed a list of usual Chris- 
tian and Proper Names, Names of 
Countries, Nations, etc. By F. C. 
Meadows, M. A. 1 vol., 16mo. 
$2. 



MERCANTILE DICTION- 

ARY: A Complete Vocabulary of 
the Technicalities of Commercial 
Correspondence, Names of Articles 
of Trade, and Marine Terms in Eng- 



lish, Spanish, aud French. Wilh 
Gcographical Names, B u s i n e f s 
Letters, and Tables of Abbrevia- 
tions in Common Use in the three 
languages. By J. de Yietblle. 1 
vol., 12mo. S-2. 



Ollendorffs Grammar for Teaching 
French to Spaniards. 

GR AMATICA F R A N C E S A : 

Un Metodo para Aprender a Leer, 
Escribir y Hablar el Frances, segun 
el Verdadero Sistema de Ollen dorfF. 
Ordenado cn Lccciones Progresi- 
vas, consistiendo de Ejercicios 
Orales y Escritos ; enriquccido de 
la Pronunciacion Figurada corao 
se estila en la Conversacion ; y de 
un Apendicc, abrazando las Reglas 
de la Sintaxis, la Formacion de los 
Verbos Reguläres, y la Conjugacion 
de los Irreguläres. Por Teodoro 
SnioxNE. 12mo. 341 pages. Price, 
$2. 

KEY TO EXERCISES. Sepa- 
rate volame. Price, $1. 

M. Simonne has Cionc agood werk 
in bringing the French ' language 
witbin the reach of Spaniards by 
this application of the Ollendorff 
System. A few wceks' study of his 
'• Gramätica Francesa" will impart 
a knowledge of the more com- 
mon conversational idioms. and a 
thorough mastery of it will insure 
as perfect an acquaintance wiih 
French as can be desired. With 
the aid of the Key the study can be 
pursued without a master;" for the 
illustrative exercises at once show 
whether the irrammatical rules and 
principles successively laid down 
are properly understood. 



R O E M E R ' S POLYGLOTT 

READER (IN SPANISH). Trans- 
lated by Simon Camacho. 1 vol., 
12mo. Half bound, $1.50. 

KEY TO SAME (IN ENGLISH). 

1 vol., 12mo. $1.50. 



14 



MODERN LANGUAGES. 



MOKALES'S PROGRESSIVE 

ß P A N I S H EE ADEE. With an 
Analytical Study of the Spanisli 
Language. By Agustin Jose Mo- 
KALZS, A. M., H. M., Professor of 
the Spanish Language and Litcra- 
ture in the New York Free Acad- 
emy. 12mo. 336 pages. Price, $1.50. 

The prose extracts in this volume 
are preceded by an historical ac- 
count of the origin and progress of 
the Spanish Laiiguage, anda Con- 
densed, scholarlike treatise on its 
prammar; the poetical eelections 
are introdnced with an es^^ay on 
Spanish versification. Prepared in 
either case hy the preliminary matter 
thus fumished, bearing directly on 
bis work, the pupil enters intelli- 
gcntly on bis la^^k of translatiug. 
The estracts are brief, spirited, and 
entertaining ; drawn mainly from 
writers of the present day, they are 
a faithful representation of the lan- 
giiage as it is now written and 
ppoken. The arrangement is pro- 
irrcssive, epecimens^of a raore ditfi- 
^lllt character being preseuted as 
the Student becomes able to cope 
with them. 



NEW SPANISH READER. 

Consisting of Extracts from the 
Works of the most approved Au- 
thors in Prose and Verse, arranged 
in Progressive Order. With Notes 
explanatory of the Idioms and most 
difficultconstruclions, and a copious 
Vocabulary. By M. Velazquez de 
LA Cadena. 12mo. 351 pages. 
Price, $1.50. 

This book, being particnlarly in- 
tended für tlie useof beginners, has 
been prepared witli three objects in 
Tiew : first, to furnisli leamer? 
vith plea*ing and easy lessons, pro- 
gressivcly developing the beauties 
and difficulties of the Spanish lan- 
^uage ; secondly, to cnrich their 
roinds with valuable Ivnowledge ; 
and thirdly, to form their character, 
by instilling correct principles iiito 
( their hearts. In nrder, thereforc, to 
• obtain the desired elfects, the ex- 
tracts have been carefuUy selected 
from those classic Spanish wrilers. 
both ancient and modern, whose 
style is eenerally admitted to be a 
pattern of elegance, combined with 
idiomatic purity and sound moral- 
ity. 



OLLENDORFF'S ^^ A N I S H 

GEAMMAE; A New Method of 
Leamingto Eead, Write, and Speak 
the Spanish Language. With Prac- 
tica! Eules for Spanish Pronuncia- 
tion, and Models of Social and Com- 
mercial Correspondence. By M. 
Velazquez and T. Sijiok>-e, 12mo. 
560 pages. Price, $1..5.3. 

KEY TO THE SA:5kIE. Sepa- 
rate volume. Price, $L 

The admirable eystem introdnced 
by Ollendorff is applied iu this vol- 
ume to the Spanish language. Hav- 
ing received, from the two distin- 
guished editors to whom its super- 
vieion was intrusted. corrections, 
emendations, and additions, which 
epecially »dapt it to the youth of 
thiß country, it is believed to em- 
brace every possible advantage for 
iraparting a thorou^h and practical 
knowledge of Spanish. A course 
of systematic grammar underlies the 
whöle ; but its development is so 
gradual and inductive as not to 
weary the learner. Numerous ex- 
amples of regulär and irregulär 
verbs are presented ; and nothing 
that can expedite the pupil'ö prog- 
ress, in the way of explauation aud 
Illustration, is omitted. 

From the BcpuUic. 
"It contains the best rules we 
have cver yet ßcen for leaming a 
living language. It leads the Stu- 
dent on, by "almost imperceptible 
eteps, from "the simplest principles 
to the most recondite and complex 
combinations of grammatical con- 
etructions ; and the parts are so 
arranged as to render every thing 
subservient to that which should be 
the Chief point of view, the great 
object of ambition. viz.. use. speech, 
conversation. Every part of speech, 
every simple and Compound sen- 
lence, is so analvzed, so illustrated 
by explanatory dialuLOics. that it 13 
impossihle to open the book at any 
pasre without acquirin.: some valu- 
able Information capable of advan- 
cing the Student in bis progress aa 
a linguist." 
From the y. Y. Courier and Enqinrer. 
"The editors of tbis work are 
widcly known as accompli.-hed 
Bcholars anddistiniruished teachers, 
and the book derives still higher 
authority from their connection 
with it. We commend it with crreat 
confidence to all who desire to be- 
come acquainted with the Castilian 
tonguc." 



STANDARD ITALIAN WOfi^^ 



Olle 



S 



KB1 



at tl'*' 
who 



lish 



loci 



se 



< ■- 



University of Torontc 
Library 



DO NOT 

REMOVE 

THE 

CARD 

FROM 

THIS 

POCKET 




Acme Library Card Pocket 

Under Pat. "Ref. Index FUe" 

Made by LIBRARY BUREAU