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Full text of "Leighton genealogy : an account of the descendants of Capt. William Leighton, of Kittery, Maine : with collateral notes relating to the Frost, Hill, Bane, Wentworth, Langdon, Bragdon, Parsons, Pepperrell, Fernald, Nason and other families of York County and its vicinity"

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Ceigl)ton ®encaloga. 





With Collateral Notes relating to the Frost, Hill, Bane, 

Wentworth, Langdon, Bragdon, Parsons, Pepperrell, 

Fernald, Nason, and other Families of York 

County and its Vicinity. 



To WHICH ARK Added Brief Memoirs ot 
Major CHARLES FROST, of Kittery, 


Captain JOHN HILL, of Berwick. 

ALBANY, N. Y. : 

Press op Joel Munsell's Sons, 




-^- 1173270 

The author and compiler of this volume has been deeply interested 
in the memorials and records of this family. Having had occasion 
to travel extensively, he has found the descendants of Captain 
William Leighton in many states, and occupying positions of use- 
fulness and responsibility, exhibiting the sturdy traits of a worthy 

It is due to their progenitor, to their families, and to themselves, 
that the early and later records of their origin and growth in this 
country should not be lost. Few, save those who have made a 
similar venture, are aware of the labor which every page has cost, 
corrections and renewed corrections have been made again and 
again and although many who have been applied to, have been 
able to respond and have been prompt and cheerful in supplying in- 
formation, yet it has not always been possible to obtain the data 
sought. Under these circumstances, it will prove no wonder if there 
be complaint of errors, inaccuracies and omissions. The Leighton 
family have no reason to be ashamed of their ancestor, so enter- 
prising, persevering and laborious; nor of his successors so indust- 
rious and patriotic. These records are a small tribute to their 
worth. The entire record is a fair example of the sturdy stock who 
peopled New England in the seventeenth century, bringing with 
them the principles of political and religious liberty, which they 
matured and developed and transmitted to their children. 


The plan on which this genealogy is based, consists in a divi- 
sion into groups or families; the head of each group being nnder 
his designating number which is printed in the middle of the page 
thus, — 20 — . The biography of each head of a family is written 
without abbreviation, his children and descendants following more 
concisely worded, except as hereinafter shown. Each group is 
complete in itself, its genealogy, comprising all between the above 
mentioned designating number, placed in the middle of the page, 
and the next similar number which in turn stands as a heading 
to a new group or family branch. It occasionally happens that an 
individual in a group has a larger progeny than can be carried 
out in the place where his name occurs in order. In such cases, 
only the date of his birth, marriage and death are there given 
and the sign of -\- is placed against the name, showing that such an 
individual is the head of a family, and may be found carried for- 
ward to a succeeding page under his designating number. After 
the Fifth Generation, there is no carrying forward but the record 
of each group in lineal descent is completed before the next one 
is commenced. 

To avoid complication, where the family line is carried on in con- 
tinuous succession from the Fifth Generation downward, genera- 
tion figures are put against the names, each succeeding generation 
is indented to the right, and each family of children numbered 
from 1 upward. The descendants of each of the children in a 
family are carried down as far as the line will go before the next is 
taken up; but all of the same generation can be traced down the 
page, and from page to page, by following the family numbers, 1, 
2, 3, etc., in a vertical line, by noting the generation numbers, and 
by comparing the different indentations of the names. The names, 
male and female, are all numbered consecutively from the beginning 
to the end of the book, and in cases where an individual is carried 
forward, this consecutive number is used for a heading over his 
name in the place where it is again taken up to give his biography 


and descendants. This system renders it easy to trace the line 
from any given point onward to the present generation, or back- 
ward to the original ancestor. This consecutive number is also 
made use of in intermarriages, and other cases where a name is 
mentioned out of genealogical order; the designating number being 
placed in parenthesis after the person, thus showing his identity, 
and his place in order in the book. The italic names in parenthesis 
after the name of the head of a group or family, are those of his 
father, grandfather, etc., showing at a glance the line of descent 
from the original ancestor. In the smaller type the names of the 
descendants in the male line (those bearing the name of Leighton) 
are printed in small capitals while names of descendants in the 
female line, (those bearing names other than Leighton) are printed 
in italics ; this facilitates the finding a name from the index and 
enabling the reader to know at a glance who are Leightons and who 
are not. 


The origin of American families becomes more generally interest- 
ing as the years pass on. So little attention was given in the earlier 
days of the settlement of this country to " family records," that in 
many cases it is a difficult task to trace distinctly the line from an- 
cestor to descendant. Genealogy is a science of luxury. The first 
settlers had enough to occupy them in winning a hard, doubtful sub- 
sistence from the soil ; in contending with a new climate, and in 
discovei-ing untried methods of cultivation and living. No time was 
left for enrolling the branches of the history of their progenitors or 
for drawing and illustrating " family trees." It therefore becomes 
a difficult task to their successors, when they endeavor to set in 
order the relationships, and the names of those who deserve remem- 
brance and regard as the founders of American families. It takes 
some enthusiasm, no little accui-acy, and a full willingness to toil 
hard, to qualify one for what seems to many this thankless task. 
Most inquire, to whom will it be of use ? This question may remain 
unanswered for a few years, in some instances for generations. But 
in the future, when the writers of American history are gathering 
their materials and when there shall be told the story of several 
hundred years of civilization on this continent, the patient toilers in 
the field of genealogy and biography will be honored, and their 
memory of usefulness meet due regard. The Leighton family trace 
their line to one progenitor Captain William Leighton, shipmaster, 
who came to America in 1650. The compiler has found the history of 
this family interesting to himself, as it doubtless will prove to be, to 
those of his descendants who read this record. Others connected 
more nearly or remotely have also desired to know the facts, and by 
collecting them in this form they may prove the foundation of a 
family history that will, as time goes on become of increasing value 
to all concerned. Such records may well serve to stimulate the 
sturdy virtues of a people deriving their origin from ancestors who 
planted civilization and Christianity on these western shores, amid 
dangers and privations. They faced and conquered the perils of 
the ocean, they shared a meagi-e subsistence, they sustained severe 


labors, they suffered persecutions, that had their root in former 
centuries and in the distant mother country, they met the bloody 
opposition of the savage aborigines, they persevered, and the in- 
heritance so hardly gained is enjoyed by their descendants. What 
these descendants possess, not merely of property, but still more of 
those stalwart traits of principle and character that are more valua- 
ble and enduring, than any material wealth, demand recognition, 
gratitude and permanent memorials. 


The name of Leigliton occurs in some of the oldest annals of 
English and Scotch history. The spelling is various as will commonly 
be the case with the patronymic of a family of which the scattered 
vestiges appear at wide intervals in the wilderness of the unlettered 
ages. It is spelled Leichtoun, Lichtoune, Lyghton, Lighton, Lay- 
ton, which are not especially affixed to certain dates but seem to have 
obtained indiscriminately in the same eras. It is to be remarked 
however, the modern orthography is the same which presents itself 
in the old world's register, of the greatest antiquity. It is unmis- 
takably Saxon in the origin but was established both in England 
and Scotland before the fourteenth century. In the Rotali Scotia, 
published from the originals in the tower, we read that A. D. 1374 
John de Leighton Clericus de Scotia obtained a safe conduct to Ox- 
ford. Sir Walter Leigliton, sheriff of Angus, was killed in 1392 in 
a border conflict with a party of highlanders. In the beginning of 
the fifteenth century there is evidence of the family importance in 
ecclesiastical and political affairs. Henry Leighton, parson of Duffus 
and Chantor of Moray, was consecrated Bisliop of Moray in 1414, 
and ten years later was consecrated bishop of Aberdeen. He was 
one of the commissioners sent to London to negotiate the ransom of 
James I. In 1415 William de Leighton with his retainers, was with 
Henry V. at Agincourt, Later in the seventeenth century Dr. Alex- 
ander Leighton suffered imprisonment in the tower for his attacks 
upon Episcopacy. His son Robert, the good archbishop of Glas- 
gow, reflected lustre upon the name. No attempt has been made to 
connect the American family with the English or Scotch original. 
There is a tradition that the family came to America from Devon- 
shire (Tiverton) but its authority is very questionable. The name 
is scarcely known in- that part of England but was for several cen- 
turies in Shropshire and in Yorkshire a name of importance, and the 
emigrants to America probably came from one of those counties or 
from Scotland, though it is quite possible that one of the western 
counties (probably Devonshire) was the place of embarkation. 




Few states we may venture to assert, have so broad a field for in- 
teresting liistorical inquiry as Maine. It may be well to observe that 
the field of research to an intelligent investigator cannot be strictly 
confined to the original or even to the existing geography of his 
portion of the State of Maine, but it may be considered to extend 
over a great portion of the country watered by the Piscataqua and 
its tributaries. The subsequent contest between France and Eng- 
land, and afterwards between the American Colonies and England, 
made the Piscataqua Plantation (afterwards incorporated as Kit- 
teiy) the most prominent point and center of interest. The view 
therefore spread over the immense grant originally made by King 
Charles II. and subsequently confirmed by the Plymouth council to 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges. This large tract of territory embraced by a 
bold, vague and irregular outline, altered as it was from time to 
time by political changes and annexation, and the facts that have 
engaged the attention of the compiler of this volume are as accurate 
as a reference to many of the ancient original records can make them 
to give a brief sketch of the early history of Maine and the subse- 
quent settlement of Kittery. No scojDe less ample could afford a 
more distinct and proper perspective either as the general topics or 
particular events, than the chronicles and records of this long period, 
in which the progenitors of the Leighton family have taken the 
leading part. 

Giovanini da Verrazano a native of Florence, commander of the 
Dauphine, sailed from the Madeiras in January, 1524, under the 
patronage of Francis I. of France, on a western voyage of dis- 
covery. After sighting the entrance to the outer bay of New York, 
and the Vinland of the Northmen (the now famous Martha's Vin- 
yard) he cruised along the shores of New England, among the 
pleasant islands off the coast of Maine and discovered they were in- 
habited by tribes of fierce Indians who were shy of forming his or 
his crew's acquaintance. 


In 1603, Martin Prang, a sailor of former experience in Atlantic 
voyages, was fitted out by some Bristol merchants with two vessels 
for a western ciuise. He ran along the coast of Maine and after 
trying the fishing in Casco Bay, pronounced it better than that off 
New Foundland and like other voyagers before and since his time 
he made ))articular mention of the many beautiful islands along the 
coast. Sieur De Monts a French Huguenot (for whom Mt. Desert 
was subsequently named) had rendered important services to Henry 
IV, during the troubles of "The League;" but although the king 
subsequently changed his faith, he did not lose confidence in his 
servant, who was eager for maritime adventures and discoveries, 
created him by a royal edict lieutenant of Acadia, as the country 
lying between the fortieth and forty-sixth parallels of north latitude 
was then called. Free exercise of his own religion was granted to 
him. A company of merchants of Rouen and Rochelle was formed, 
to whom the king granted letters, patent for the exclusive trade in 
fish and furs. 

De Monts sailed from Havre de Grace on the 7th of March, 1604. 
Among his shi]>'s company were Jean de Baincourt, Baron de Pour- 
traincourt and Samuel de Champlain, an officer of repute in the 
French navy. De Monts reached a harbor on the eastern side of 
Nova Scotia after a two months' voyage, where he found a vessel 
commanded by Cai)t. Rossignol, engaged in fishing and fur trading, 
whose only consolation for the confiscation of his cargo, was the 
transferauce of his name to the harbor. The place is now called 
Liverpool, and Rossignol's name is perpetuated in the largest lake 
in Nova Scotia. Not far distant they spent a month ashore, while 
Champlain exploreil southward for a place that would better suit 
them for a settlement. Champlain doubled Cape Sable and re- 
turned to show the exi)edition tlie way to the Bay of Fundy, which 
he named Baye Francais; the harbor now known as Annapolis, 
Champlain called Port Royal. 

They sailed up Miner's Bay, crossed the Bay of Fundy, en- 
tered Passamaquoddy Bay and on a little island which they 
named St. Croi,x in the river now bearing that name, they deter- 
mined to settle. It was a very unfortunate selection, timber was 
scarce and water had to be brought from the mainland. Before the 
winter was over they were reduced to salt meat and snow water, 
and the scurvy broke out amongst the colony, causing great dis- 
tress and suffering. This island is now known as Neutral Island, 


and is on tlie border line between Maine and New Brunswick. In 
the spring Champlain sailed southward with De Monts, who was de- 
terniined to find a better spot than St. Croix on which to plant his 
colony. They entered the mouths of the Penobscot, Casco, Saco, 
and Kennebec rivers, visited Mt. Desert, sailed up Portland harbor 
which De Monts named Marchim, after the Indian chief, with whom 
he traded. They did not settle there, as the Indians were hostile 
and repulsed any advances made by the strangers. 

Captain George Weymouth accompanied by Rosier sailed from 
England in the Archangel March 5, 1605, on a voyage of discovery, 
under the patr()nage of the earls of Arundel and Southampton. On 
May 17, he anchored his vessel near the island of Monhegan tAvelve 
miles south-east of Pemaquid (an Indian word signifying " that runs 
into the water "), This cape jutting southward forms the most 
eastern extremity of Lincoln county. Rosier writes with great en- 
thusiasm of the deep bays, quiet harbors and the long line of 
beautiful islands, as well as the wooded bluffs of the mainland, the 
language of his chronicles well pictures the voyagers' delight at 
beholding the beauty of this island where they first landed, it was 
completely covered with gooseberries, strawberries and wild peas, 
rills of pure water trickled through cleft rocks and ran into the sea. 
From the sea they took an abundance of cod fish and gained the 
first ideas of the wealth that was subsequently obtained, from these 
fisheries. They visited the region between the St. George and Ken- 
nebec rivers and if they were delighted with the little island where 
they first landed they were no less enchanted with the mainland. 
As usual the Indians received them with hospitality, gave them good 
bargains in peltries, feasted them in the best fashion and offered 
them tobacco; but the savages soon exhibited thei]" distrust of the 
new arrival and the whites were equally soon convinced that the 
savages were treacherous. These feelings soon decided Cai)tain 
Weymouth to keep no faith with them and when five of the natives 
who had trusted him" enough to board his vessel, he detained them 
as prisoners and soon aftei- sailed for England. On his arrival at 
Plymouth he gave three of his hostages to Sir Ferdinand Gorges 
and the other two he sent to Sir John Popham in London, where 
they were the objects of curious wonder and interest. 

On May 31st, 1607, The Gift of God, of which Sir George Pop- 
ham (brother of the then chief justice) was captain, and The Mary 
wid John commanded by Raleigh Gilbert, a younger son of Sir 


Humphrey Gilbert, set sail from Plymouth with one hundred and 
twenty persons on board, many of them well adapted to the found- 
ing of a colony. Right here it may be well to remark that there is 
no evidence to verify the truth of the assertion that " the chief 
justice depleted tlie prisons of England to furnish this colony," as a 
matter of fact his judicial powers could not have extended to such 
a possibility ; James I. a few years later, gave the privilege to per- 
sons who had been prosecuted for grave offenses the alternative of 
a colony or a prison. On board one of these vessels was one of the 
five Indians captured by Caj>tain Weymouth, who was to act as 
guide and interpreter. The chaplain of the expedition was Richard 
Seymour, a gentleman of high culture and supposed to have been 
kinsman of Sir Edward Seymour, Lord Protector in the reign of 
Edward VI., and he was also related to the families of Raleigh 
Gilbert, Gorges and Pophani, all of whom were allied by inter- 

On the 3d of July they anchored to the north of the island of 
Monhegan and on the 5th ot" August discovered one of the crosses 
erected by Captain Weymouth two years before ; upon sending a 
boat to the mainland under command of Captain Gilbert, the natives 
took to their arms and made hostile demonstrations towards the new 
arrivals, but when the chief recognized the pilot and guide, Skit-a- 
war-roes, and saw that bis companions were Englishmen, he com- 
manded his warriors 1o lay aside their bows and arrows and greeted 
the strangers with marks of affection and kindly entertained them. 
The chief who had thus cordially met them was Nah-an-ada, another 
of Captain Weymouth's captives who had been returned to his native 
home a year before. On Sunday, August 9th, they landed on an 
island which they named St. George. Here the service of the church 
of England was read by the chaplain who also preached. On the 
15th, The Gift of God entered the Sagadahoc which was the name 
given to the broad channel at the junction of the Androscoggin and 
Kennebec rivers. It is an Indian name and means " the end of it," 
as though the Indians had explored it from its source. On the 17th 
they left the vessel in the pinnance and long boat and sailed up the 
Sagadahoc. On the next day they landed on the western side of a 
peninsula which they called after the Indian chief " Sabino." On 
the 19th, after the chaplain had preached a sermon, the president's 
commission was read and the first formal act to establish a colony 
in Maine, was completed. A fort was soon built, defended by twelve 


guns to protect the little town of log houses that soon sprang up, 
Thomas Digby the master ship carpenter had some ship timber cut 
and shaped for ship building, which was left to season till late in the 
autumn, when he constructed a small vessel of thirty tons which 
was named Virginia. This was the first English-built vessel in 
America and the first trip was to return to England with nearly 
two-thirds of the colonists before the winter was over, being thus 
early discouraged by the vigor of the climate. 

The Indians did not relish this cool annexation of their favorite 
peninsula and soon became troublesome. They endeavored to 
capture Captain Gilbert, but the attempt was unsuccessful and in ad- 
dition to the annoyance the colonists experienced with the Indians 
another soon followed. Popham, the president of the colony, died 
on Feb. 5, 1608, and Captain Gilbert succeeded to the office. The 
preceding December the ship Mary and John had been sent to 
London to procure additional supplies, and upon her return found 
the colony in rather an impoverished and deplorable condition, 
caused by sickness and fighting with the Indians. The store house 
had been destroyed by fire, and the Indians, by their carelessness had 
exploded a barrel of gun powder, foi* which they blamed the 
whites, and punished them by capturing and holding their fort. 
Captain Gilbert was compelled to return to London having become 
heir of his elder brother, Sir John Gilbert, who had recently died. 
The loss of the prime mover and promoter of the colony, two gov- 
ernors and the desertion of so many of their companions, decided 
the forty-five remaining colonists to return with Gilbert to London. 
The peninsula Sabino which was the habitation of this colony, is 
now known as Hunnewell's Point on the Kennebec river. 

In the spring of 1614, an expedition was fitted out in England, 
and Captain John Smith (of Pocahontas notoriety) placed in 
command. The main objects of this ventui-e were to take whales, 
and mine for gold and copper. From the best sources of in- 
formation there was no successful attainment of these objects, 
and his crew expressed their opinion that it was only a device of 
the master to make a voyage of discovery rather than gain, which 
was certainly the result, for he ranged along the coast from the 
Penobscot to Cape Cod in a boat manned by eight men. During 
this exploration he visited the Piscataqua, and its approaches, 
because after he returned to England he prepared a map of the 
country which he had visited, and gave it the name of New Eng- 


land. This map still exists in England and is the oldest of 
Maine. It does not appeal' that this celebrated adventurer ever 
came to America after 1614. He published a description of New 
England in 1616 in London, and died in that city in 1631. 

This some what accurate description of the new country caused 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges in 1616, to fit out a ship which he gave in 
charge of Richard Vines, who made the passage, and after explor- 
ing different parts of the coast of Maine prepared to establish a 
colony. The place selected, we have reason to suppose, was the 
mouth of the Saco river, on the western shore near the capacious 
sheltered basin now called The Pool, but then known as Winter 
Harhor. Biddeford is now situated on its shores. Here Vines 
prepared his corai^any and secured to them comfortable winter 
quarters. During these two years New England had been brought 
so forcibly to the public notice in England by the respectability of 
the persons who had realized large profits from its fish and fur trade, 
and this traftic had increased so rapidly, the Plymouth company 
found it absolutely necessary for the protection of their colonial in- 
terests to procure a royal proclamation and edict, dated Nov. 6, 
1622, to assist them in stopping' illegal traflic by unauthorized per- 

On the 10th of August, 1622, the council of the Plymouth com- 
pany granted to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason 
(two of their company), all of the lands situated between the Merri- 
mac and Sagadahoc rivers, extending back to the great lakes and the 
river of Canada, and subsequently issued the following j)atents and 
grants. Nov. 6, 1626, to the Plymouth Adventurers on the Ken- 
nebec, and subsequently enlarged in 1628. January 13, 1630, to 
William Bradford and his associates, fifteen miles on each side of 
the Kennebec river, extending up to the Cobbisecontee. (This 
grant was transferred to the Plymouth Adventurers, Feb. 12, 1630.) 
To John Oldham and Richard Vines, four miles by eight miles on 
the west side of the Saco river at its mouth, four miles on the sea, 
eight miles back, now Saco, York Co. March 13, 1630, to John 
Beauchamp and Thomas Leverett, ten leagues square on the west 
side of the Penobscot river, called the Lincoln or Waldo patents. 
1631 to John Dy and others, the province of Lygonia, or the Plough 
Patent, lying between Cape Porpoise and Cape Elizabeth, extend- 
ing forty miles fi'(5m the coast. Nov. 10, 1631, to Thomas Cam- 
mock, Black Point. Dec. 1, 1631, to Robert Trelawney and Moses 


Goodyear a tract between Spurwink river and Casco bay. In 1632, 
to Robert Aldsworth and Giles Eldridge a tract on Pemaquid 
Point. In 1634, to Edward Godfrey and others, twelve thousand 
acres on the river Agamenticus. In 1034, to Fei'diiiando Gorges, 
twelve thousand acres on the west side of the river Agamenticus. 
In the division of the territory now called Maine, three patentees 
held it all. Gorges' share extended from the Piscataqua to the 
Kennebec or Sagadahoc rivers. Another was between the Saga- 
dahoc and Pemaquid, and the third extended from Pemaquid to the 
St. Croix. 

At the time of Captain John Smith's explorations there was a lari>-e 
Indian population on both banks of the Piscataqua river called New- 
ich-e-wan-nacks whose Sachems resided at Quan-pe-gan (now South 
Berwick). Prior to the arrival of the Gorges and Mason expedition 
a pestilence swept off a larger portion of these Indians, affoiding an 
opportunity and making a convenient place for the landing of the 
English settlers. Tlie Piscataqua river extends northerly about 
forty miles to Wakefield and is the boundary between Maine and 
New Hampshire. At its mouth there is a bay or roadstead about 
two miles across, and it was here in this sheltered haven that Gorges 
and Mason's first settlers camped, making a temporary home for 
themselves and devoting their time to fishing until about 1023, when 
they were reinforced by a large number of arrivals from the niother 
country ; and the first house was erected by one Thompson at Little 
Harbor, a small arm of the Piscataqua bay near the south-west line 
of Portsmouth. The next permanent settlement was at Kittery 
whei'e in 1624 a mill was erected. 

Immediately after this, followed the settlements of Kittery Point 
New Castle and Dover. The territory on the east side of the river 
from Kittery Point to Lebanon was called Piscataqua and after- 
wards changed to Kittery. Gorges and Mason continued their 
interest in the Piscataqua plantation under the new patent in 1631 
until 1634, when they made a division of their property. Mason 
taking the western, and Gorges the eastern side of the river,when they 
procured separate patents and cultivated their respective portions. 
There was some irregularity about the first grants which caused 
some litigation ; but the sohrantes were rectified by the new grants. 

Kittery Point is situated directly opposite New Castle and con 
trolled the great highway along the east banks of the Piscataqua. 
Thei-e was constant intercourse between the towns, and as Kittery 


Point was also the abiding place of Walter Neal, the resident agent 
of Gorges and Mason, who with his five associates controlled almost 
all the different branches of trade in the interests of their principals, 
soon made the town one of the most important of the new colony, 
and up to 1636, trading with the Indians for furs, fishing, and ship- 
ping lumber, were the chief sources of employment and revenue. 

About this time Gorges sent his nephew, Captain William Gorges 
to the new colony as its governor. He brought with him the 
authority to establish a court of justice. The members were called 
commissioners and the first session was held March 21, 1636, at the 
house of Captain Richard Bonighton in Saco. Slight memoranda 
of this, the first court of Maine, exists; sufficient however to prove to 
us, that the early settlers, notwithstanding the smallness of their 
numbers, were moved by the same litigious spirit, that often exists 
to-day in more populous communities. In addition to the arrival of 
" Governor " Gorges, a large number of families were sent out from 
England and Scotland, well supplied with stock, provisions and agri- 
cultural implements. Many of these men were farmers, and among 
them was Nicholas Frost and his family, of Devonshire, who subse- 
quently proved a valuable addition to the colony. 

The number of mills steadily increased on the small tributary 
branches of the Piscataqua, and lumber of all kinds in large quan- 
tities was floated down the river in rafts and batteaux to Kittery 
Point and New Castle, where it was shipped to European, West 
Indian and American ports. The fislieries proved lucrative, as the 
outfit was not expensive and seldom failed of good returns. These 
two principal products of the colonists' industry met with I'eady sale 
and exchange in foreign and domestic ports, and the settlers were 
kept supplied with sugar, tropical produce and dry goods, cordage, 
wines, rum and fruits. The settlement on the Piscataqua soon 
formed itself into distinct governments, and soon there were three 
little republics, Portsmouth, Dover and Piscataqua, the former 
two united with Massachusetts, but the latter retained its alle- 
giance to Maine and in 1647 was incorporated as Kittery and 
made a Port of Entry. In 1640, new commissioners were sent from 
England to form a General Court, who arrived at Saco on June 25th 
and were sworn in together with R. Sanky, provost marshal, Thomas 
Elkins, under-marshal, and Roger Garde, register. Nicholas Frost 
was appointed constable for Piscataqua, Michael Witten for Casco, 
and John Wilkinson for Black Point. 


The first incorporated city in the province, was Gorgeana in 1641 
and was situated on the east side of York river, extending seven miles 
into the land and three miles on the seaboard. Thomas Gorges was 
the city's first mayor and the first board of aldermen was composed of 
P]dward Godfrey, Roger Garde, George Puddington, Bartholomew 
Barnctt, Edward Johnson, Arthur Bragdon, Henry Simpson and John 
Rogers. Mr. Gorges retired from the mayoralty in 1043 and was 
succeeded by Roger Garde. The city is now known as York. Edward 
Godfrey Avas the first governor chosen by the people of the western 
part of the state. He resided in York twenty-four years and died 
in 1661. 

In 1652 Kittery was added to the Massachusetts bay colony, and 
it increased more rapidly than any adjoining town, owing to its 
accessible position by land or water and its security from attacks of 
the Indians. It also had superior facilities for obtaining supplies 
from Boston; which materially aided its growth. In 1666, the town 
of Kittery paid nearly one-half of the entire tax assessed to the 
province. Although constant political changes and civil dissensions 
somewhat retarded its growth, its wealth and population rapidly in- 
creased until the disastrous war with King Philip, in 1675. This 
war lasted three years, and was attended with the most unheard of, 
inhuman murders; tortures and all the atrocities the savage mind 
could invent, were of almost daily occurrence. Continued conflagra- 
tioi'is added to the fear of the settlers and caused almost an entire 
suspension of business, commerce, manufactures and agriculture. 

There had been great reluctance on the part of the Indians to 
comply with the terms of the former treaty, and on one pretext and 
another they evaded the principal articles. Their range over the 
country was now uninterrupted and they had nothing to dread but 
a future retribution from the settlers. That so small a number of 
Indians (not over 120), should have been able to have committed 
so great depredations and outrages on such a long line of settlements, 
can be accounted for by supposing the energy and judgment of the 
people to have been overcome by panic. It appears from an esti- 
mate that there was about seven hundred militia* in Maine, the 

* The daily pay of the militia who served in the war, was, for a general six 
shillings ; captain, five shillings ; commissary general, four shillings ; surgeon 
general, four shillings ; ensign, four shillings ; sergeant, two shillings ; corporal, 
two shillings ; private, one shilling six pence. The market price for Indian corn 
was from two shillings six pence to three shillings per bushel. — Chalmer's 


Indians never had fighting men to be compared with this number, 
and yet they entirely destroyed most, and for three years harrassed 
the remainder of the settlements in the province. Madockawando 
and Squando* were the most powerful chiefs of the Penobscot 
Indians, they had a sort of a prime minister, Megunnaway, com- 
monly called Mugg, whose associations with the white settlers had 
worn off the natural ferociousness of the savage character and made 
him an important factor as interpreter and counsellor. He is de- 
scribed as very unscrupulous, and " a notorious rogue," who had led 
several attacks upon the colonists. He was a shrewd leader, and 
after Sir Edmoud Andross, governor of New York, had sent a suffi- 
cient force to awe the Indians in protecting the interests of the Duke 
of York in the province, he made proposals for peace. Commission- 
ers were appointed to treat with them ; Messrs. Shapleigh and Cham- 
pernoon of Kittery, and Fryer of Portsmouth, proceeded to Casco 
where they met the Indians, and mutually signed articles of peace 
on the r2th of April, 1678. By this treaty, the people were to 
occupy their habitations without molestation, paying the Indians 
annually, one peck of corn for each family, except Major Phillips of 
Saco, who having a large estate was required to pay one bushel 
annually. The captives were restored and an end was put to this 
relentless war, in which whole families were sacrificed, human 
nature exposed to detestable cruelties, and property wantonly de- 

In 1675, the entire militia of Maine amounted to about seven 
hundred men. Of this number Kittery's quota was 180, York 80, 
Wells 100, and Saco 80, the balance was divided between Casco, 
Scarborough and Falmouth. When peace was again restored ship 
building was resumed and the settlers returned to their arduous 
labors. Foreign merchants had discovered that vessels could be 
built cheaper at 'Piscataqua than elsewhere, and with their orders 
Kittery retained this, as her leading industry, even being compelled 
to send men to the mouths of adjacent rivers to construct vessels. 
John Bray was the pioneer ship builder, he arrived in Kittery in 
1660. He built a great number of vessels for the Leightons, part of 
them, being used as traders to the West India islands, and the south- 
ern colonial ports. At one time this family with the Pepperrells 

* Squaudo was a rioted chief of the Saco. Madockawando and Megunnaway 
(or Mugg) were chiefs of the Penobscot Indians. The latter was subsequently 
shot at the siege of Black Point. 


had more than one luindred vessels engaged in fishing, part of them 
manned by themselves, and the remainder sailed on shares. All the 
settlers were early trained to the use of tire arms, military exercises 
and drills were regularly held during the first years of this settle- 
ment at the fort on Great Reedy Island and at the block house 
erected and maintained at Kittery Point. This was convenient to 
houses of the settlers who resorted to it for protection fiom sudden 
attacks of the Indians, This block house is sometimes called Pep- 
perrell's Fort after the elder WiliamPepperrell, who took a marked 
interest in all military affairs of the colony. We read that the 
noted warrior, Col, Church, in his eastern expedition, sent his sick 
and wounded to Pepperell's Fort. It was probably supported at the 
expense of the village, and we know it did good service in afford- 
ing shelter to the colonists. 

In 1714 Massachusetts, in order to obviate the improper collecting 
of duties by New Hampshire on the imports destined for Kittery, 
erected a breastwork northerly of the Point and mounted six guns; 
appointed a naval officer and a notary public to assist him and 
made it mandatory upon all captains of vessels and persons trading 
up the river to pay duties to them according to law, on all imported 

One important change that was made after the annexation to the 
Massachusetts bay colony, of York county, was the establishing of 
regular courts, at Wells, York and Kittery Point, These were 
called courts of Common Pleas. The Supreme Court also ex- 
tended its circuit to include the newly acquired territory. The 
judges of the inferior courts were selected from the towns, and in 
addition to these, justices of the peace, were also appointed and held 
sessions similar to those of the present day. Among their duties 
was the adjustment and proper apportionment of the assessed tax 
of the colony. 

As trade increased with the outside world, one article that was 
in constant demand requires more than a passing notice; this was 
West India rum, seemingly almost a necessity. Hardly a vessel 
arrived that a large portion of its cargo was not made up of rum 
and Avine; and on all occasions where affairs of public interest were 
brought before the people and attended by both sexes, such as the 
launching of vessels, etc., there was always an ample supply of 
ffood cheer. Rum for the men, and wine for the women, and a 
barrel of each was the allowance for such an occasion. The bever- 


age was indispensable in all gatherings for mutual aid, such as log 
rolling, corn husking, house raising, and timber rafting. A mili- 
tary company drilled under the exhilarating influence of a generous 
supply of rum furnished by the captain. At ministerial ordinations 
the pastor presiding must have a glass [?] to quicken the fervor of 
his devotion. In a bill of expenses incurred on such an occasion 
held in Kittery, we note the item, — " Eight quarts of rum and two 
quarts of brandy for the clergy and council." And the custom 
and practice of indulging did not stop here ; even at funerals thei'e 
were no exceptions noted when the glass was passed, the tears and 
sighs of sympathizing friends were seen and heard, encouraged by 
the cup. Evidently the popular beverage at such a time was 
"spiced rum." We have before us a bill of funeral expenses, and 
see the items, " five gallons of rum, ten pounds of sugar and half a 
pound of allspice i or spiced rum.'''' It seems almost wonderful with 
such a net work of temptation, spread around this industrious popu- 
lace, that they were not all confirmed drunkards. Nevertheless the 
history of the courts contradict such a conjecture, and the church 
records show them all God fearing, upright men and women, and 
"common drunkards" scarcely known. The following letter will 
illustrate how preparations were made for launching vessels. 

" Kittery Point, Nov. 2, 1696. 

" Capt. Hill, Sago, 

'' Sir: 

" With much trouble I have gotten men, and sent for the sloop, 
and desire you to dispatch them with all speed, for if all things be 
ready, they may be fitted to leave in two days as well as seven years. 
If you and the carpenter think it convenient and the ground has not 
too much descent, I think it may be safer and better to bend the 
sails before you launch her, so as to leave immediately. But shall 
leave it to your management, and desire you to hasten them day and 
night, for sir it will be dangerous tarrying there on account of hostile 
savages in the vicinity, and it will be very expensive to keep the 
men on pay. I send you a ban-el of rum and a cask of wine to 
launch with, so w^ith my services to yourself and lady, hoping you 
are in good health as I am at present who are your humble servant 
at command. 

" William Peppekrell." 


Soon after the restoration of King Charles II. his attention liad 
been drawn toward the New England colonies by continued com- 
plaints about the administration of the courts of justice. He ap- 
pointed four special commissioners, giving them full powers to 
appoint justices and adjust the complaints. Three of the apitointees 
served, Sir Robt. Carr, George Cartwright and Samuel Maverick. 
They arrived at Kittery in the spring of 16G5 and one of their first acts 
was to appoint an additional justice of the peace for each town. Mr. 
Francis Champernoon and R. Cutts were the appointees of Kittery. 
Tliey continued to hold court until 1668, when the commissioners 
from Massachusetts arrived and displaced the king's appointees and 
organized a court in due form under the charter of Massachusetts. 
There had been a great deal of dispute and controversy over the 
legal titles to the land and processes of the courts, and in the forma- 
tion of this new court, the settlers expected and subsequently re- 
ceived a definite decision of their titles. One clause in the edict 
creating the court, provided for the instruments of punishment. 
" Each court must have a pair of stocks, a cage and a ducking 
stool " (the latter instrument was for the punishment of common 
scolds). From the dockets of these courts we notice that most all 
misdemeanors were punished by the lash, " forty or more lashes well 
laid on tlie bare back," in connection with which, fines and imprison- 
ment were frequently meted out to offenders. For the crime of 
adultery, in addition to the foregoing, female offenders were branded 
with the letter A. Although severe haws were passed, and some- 
times severely enforced, the desired effect was not produced. At 
times there was great dissatisfaction and confusion in this summary 
administration of the laws. 

There was no uniform administration of religious instruction or 
education, because most of the emigrants here did not, like those of 
other parts of New England, make this venture for the enjoyment 
of religious liberty but rather for speculation. About 1690, a decided 
step was taken in Kittery towards making the education of children 
compulsory, and laws to this effect were passed. Mr. John New- 
march was employed as teacher, and a school was established in 1692, 
where reading, writing and arithmetic were taught. Little beyond 
these studies was attempted. Fathei-s trained their sons and mothers 
their daughters to work, and to. all the duties of domestic life, 
making them frugal husl^ands and thrifty wives. Religious in- 
struction was also obligatory. Children were required to attend 


meeting on the Sahhath, and there were no exceptions to this law, as 
it was applied and enforced alike upon rich or poor. 

About 1715 there was another change in the judicial administra- 
tion of the colony. William Pepperell, who had acted as justice of 
the peace for several years previous in Kittery, John Wheelwright 
of Wells, Charles Frost of Kittery and Abraham Preble of York, 
were appointed judges of the new court of Common Pleas. John 
Leighton was appointed sheriff of the county and of this court in 
1717, an important office then. This court was next in authority to 
the General Assembly and held regular sessions three times a year, 
and quarterly sessions four times yearly, while the General Assembly 
convened but once a year. This new cliange in the administration 
gave satisfaction to the people, and outside of an occasional Indian 
raid, the colony was progressing finely until the news of a threatened 
war between " England and France " was brought to Boston by a 
government schooner in October, 1743, and ordering the various 
military and naval commanders to make preparations for such an 

It was not until 1744 that a formal declai*ation of war was made. 
Kittery did not experience the full effect of this until a year later 
('45), when the memorable event of the war took place ; this was 
the siege and capture of Louisburg, and as one of Kittery's sons 
took the leading part, it will not be amiss to cull a brief account 
from a description of the battle in Dr. Usher Parsons' " Life of Sir 
William Pepperrell." 

" He was born in Kittery, June 27, 1696, his boyhood was passed 
at the village school, at an early age he assisted his father who was 
justice of the peace, in making up his dockets, etc., and subsequently 
was admitted to the partnership of his father and brother in the 
p-eneral merchandise business on the death of the latter in 1734. 
In November, 1743, he was entrusted with an important mission to 
the neighboring Indian tribes, the Penobscot and Sagamores, which 
was successful and they stipulated that ' they would not molest 
their brethren of the colonies St. John's or New Brunswick.' This 
was a very important point gained, for the colonists were now fully 
awakened to their sense of danger, as it was well known that France 
was making very formidable preparations for war, and what was 
done must be done quickly. Through the autumn of 1744 it was 
the general topic of conversation in Boston and conceded on all 
sides, that the fortified town of Louisburg must be wrested from the 


Frencli to protect merchantmen and guarantee uninterrupted inter- 
course with England and foreign ports. 

"The isLand of Cape Breton appears on the map like a continua- 
tion of Nova Scotia, being nearly of the same width and over thirty 
miles in length, and only separated from it by a narrow strait called 
Canso. The two were called by the French Acadia, and by the Eng- 
lish Nova Scotia, and were separated from New Brunswick by the 
Bay of Fundy which runs north-east until it almost meets Bale Verte, 
which makes in from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and an isthmus of 
ten miles in length connects Nova Scotia with the main land. The 
distance from Cape Sable to the strait of Canso is about two hundred 
and fifty miles, and from Canso to Louisburg is nearly one hundred 

"About half-way between Cape Sable and Canso tlie present city 
of Halifax now stands. The English claimed by right of discovery 
and possession all the Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to Georgia, 
and the French by the same right claimed the Canadas situated along 
the chain of waters from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Great 
Lakes. Tliey were already in possession of Louisiana and the 
Mississippi river, and sought to connect it with the great chain of 
waters through the Ohio river to Pittsburgh and Erie on the Lake 
shore. The Chickasaw Indians had long opposed the French power 
and progress up th.e Mississippi and had repeatedly defeated them, 
and New Orleans being too remote to furnish supplies for this prO' 
ject their only chance was to preserve Cape Breton. There they 
built the walled town of Louisburg and made it as near impregnable 
as possible by twenty-five years of labor and at a cost of about six 
million dollars. It was in peace, a safe roadstead for homeward 
bound French merchantmen and in war a place most favorable for 
privateers to prey upon the English fishing and coasting vessels. 

" Nova Scotia was in possession of the English and was fortified 
by two forts, garrisoned by their soldiers. As soon as war was de- 
clared, the commander at Louisburg by a stragetic movement cap- 
tured these two forts and took the soldiers prisoners to Louisburg. 
This act precipitated matters, and Governor Shirley of Massa- 
chusetts immediately oi'ganized an expedition to retake them and 
lay siege to Louisburg. He raised about 4,300 men entirely within 
the New England colonies, and placed Col. William Fepperrell in 
charge with the rank and title of Lieutenant General commanding. 
The naval forces were under command of Commodore Warren. 


After some vexatious delays the attack on Louisburg was begun on 
May 1st, 1745, and continued without cessation for forty-eight days, 
when its commander surrendered the fortification, town and gar- 
rison. The fall of this important point was the signal of great re- 
joicing throughout the American colonies, as well as in England." 

" At one of the grand dinners given to Pepperrell to celebrate the 
victory and appreciation of his services in America, there was 
among the guests ' parson ' Moody, of York, an uncle of Mrs. 
Pepperrell and formerly chaplain of Sir William's old regiment. 
He was asked ' to crave a blessing,' being the oldest minister pre- 
sent; some of liis friends were anxious lest he should disgust the 
guests by a prolix performance such as he often indulged in, and he 
being very irritable none dared to suggest brevity. They were 
however very agreeably disappointed and highly gratified in hear- 
ing the following petition: 'Good Lord ! We have so many things 
to thank Thee for that time is infinitely too short to do it; we must 
therefore leave it for the work of eternity. Bless our food and 
fellowship on this joyful occasion for the sake of Christ our Lord. 
Amen.' " 

Col. Pepperrell was knighted and was ever after known as Sir 
William Pepperrell and devoted his fortune and energies to the 
sup})ort and defense of England's interests. He died in Kittery in 
1759, and is buried there. According to Williamson the entire 
miliiia of the province of Maine in 1744-5, was 2,855 men divided 
into two regiments, one was commanded by Pepperrell and the other 
by Waldo. Tlie distribution by towns was as follows, and shows 
how enthusiastic and patriotic the inhabitants of Kittery were : 



Waldo's Reg't. 

From Kittery, 

450 men. 

From Scarborrougli, 

160 men. 

" York, 

350 " 

" Falmouth & Portland, 

500 " 

" Wells, 

250 " 

" North Yarmouth, 

150 " 

" Arendel, 

95 " 

" Naraojansett, No. 1, 

130 " 

. " Biddeford & Saco, 

, 120 " 

'• New Marblehead, 

50 " 

" Berwick, 

150 " 

" Pemaquid, 

50 " 

" Phillipstowa, 

150 " 

" Sheepscot, 
" Gorges & Broaberry, 
" Brunswick, 

150 " 
50 " 

1,565 " 

50 " 

1,290 " 
The population of the entire province of Maine at this time was 
about 12,000. It cannot be disguised that the anxiety over the 
unsettled state of affaii-s after the declaration of war, very materially 


retarded the growth of Kittery, as it advanced the price of all arti- 
cles requisite for living and caused some privations until peace was 
fully conchided in 1748, when the sokliers and sailors returned to 
their regular avocations, ship building, fishing and lumbering were 
renewed with vigor and the farmers again made the lands of the 
colony productive. 

The Indians who had been some what annoying, were again dis- 
posed to listen to terms of peace, and a commission was appointed 
to negotiate a treaty on September 28, 1749, and although the 
forms were regularly gone through with and the usual presents 
made to the chiefs and a dinner served them, the spirit of peace did 
not prevail, and in less than two months the treaty was broken by 
a fatal affray between a party of whites and Indians. The whites 
Avere indicted but acquitted on trial by jury, owing to the strong 
feeling of resentment in the hearts of the people who had had many 
sanguinary contests for their existence. Conferences wei'e a^ain 
held with them in 1751, and again in '52— '?, as they were continually 
in an unquiet state, requiring the constant watchful attention of the 
settlers, and notwithstanding all these precautions, 1755 found all 
the colonies from Virginia to the St. Lawrence at war with Indians, 
who were aided and counseled by the French. 

This war was carried on in a desultor}' manner, until a formal 
declaration of war was made by England against France, in May, 
1756, and carried on with great vigor and grand successes in the 
capture of Forts Ticonderoga, Crown Point and Niagara ; the 
greatest victory and crowning achievement, was the captui*e of 
Quebec, on the 17th of September, 1759, which virtually terminated 
the war in this country, although peace was not declared in Europe 
until 1763. The French power with the Indians being thus broken, 
they immediately sought safety by treating for peace with the 
colonists, and from that time ceased to be a source of formidable 

After the close of the war with France which resulted so gloriously 
for England's colonies, as it had driven the French from their large 
possessions in the northern part of America ; attention was called 
to the large addition made to the national debt of England. In 
order to relieve that country from future embarrassments of that 
sort, the English parliament concocted a scheme of raising a revenue 
in America to provide for its government and defense and the first 
act which was adopted with this end in view, was, the revival of the 


Sugar Act as it was commonly called, in 1764, wliicli was distasteful 
and objectionable to the colonists and called forth a great deal 
of comment. James Otis of Boston published a pamphlet on the 
subject, in which he denied, tiie right to tax them, and observed ' if 
our trade may be taxed why not our lands '{ Why not the produce 
of our lands and every thin;^- we possess and make use ol ? this we 
apprehend annihilates our charter to govern and tax ourselves." 

These bold views openly expressed and generally accepted by the 
colonists, created great alarm in the British ministry, and hastened 
a measure that tended to still further widen the breach between 
the two countries. This was the passage of the Stamp Act in Feb- 
ruary, lYGo, to take effect on the 1st of the following November. 
This aroused and exasperated the people who resorted to mob 
violence in resisting the enforcement of this measure. An instance 
in the judicial department of York county illustrates how distasteful 
this coercive measure was : " In January, 1766, the justices of the 
Court of Common Pleas met and resolved to go on with the court 
as heretofoi-e though stamps are not to he used'''' (Dean's Diary.) 

In j\Iarch, 1766, that act was repealed, and the English govern- 
ment seized the occasion of the celebration of the repeal, to enforce 
indemnity from the colonists for property destroyed during the 
attempt to enfoice the act unsuccessfully. During the summer 
while the colonists wei'e resting fi-om the agitation and excitement 
into which they had been thrown by this scheme, a new project was 
conceived by the English government to raise a revenue in America. 
Tliis was to collect custom duties upon glass, painter's colors, tea 
and paper, and to this end a board of commissioners was sent to the 
colonies to have charge and management of the receipt of these 
anticipated duties. The })assage of this act occasioned no violent 
outbi-eak in Xew England. A policy was adopted to enlist the mer- 
chants and manufacturers of England in their cause by attacking 
their pockets in this way, they universally abstained from the pur- 
chase or use of any of the dutiable articles and foreign superfluities 
and encouraging by their influence, means and patronage, home 
manufactures of every kind, and this resolution accomplished the 
object in a great measure. But the English officials persisted in the 
strict execution of the " custom act." This accompanied by many 
other circumstances, by the misuse of the power conferred on the 
officials, led to other riotous demonstrations in most all sea-port 
towns, and the English called on its militaiy and naval forces to 
support their authority. The announcement that troops were to be 


huided in Boston, caused greater indignation than any of the previous 
objectionable measures and when the sohliers were landed there, 
IMarch 5th, ITVO, it was not long before a collision occurred between 
them and the citizens, and five of the latter were killed. This 
outrage aroused the entire populace and the aspect was so threaten- 
ing that the troops were summarily removed by orders from England. 
Nothing of note occurred here or in the sea-port towns of Maine, 
except the rescinding of the duties on all articles except tea. 

This attempt to reconcile the colonies was as short-sighted as it 
was ineffectual. Controversy after controversy was indulged in 
between the home government and the colonists, which resulted in 
the passage of an act that ultimately proved a declaration of war. 
It was known as the Boston Port Bill, and its tenure was the virtual 
closing of the port of Boston. 

This aroused tlie sympathies of the other colonies and aid which 
had already been promised was soon forthcoming. The destruction 
of tea in Boston harbor was immediately followed by meetings in 
all the other towns, Avhere committees were chosen to procure men 
and means to maintain them. The Provincial Congress immediately 
adopted measures for defense of the colonies. In the New England 
towns organizations for the formation of military companies soon 
commenced. In Kittery they were known as minute men and the 
inhabitants immediately assessed themselves to purchase powder 
and also directed the collectors of taxes and the sheriff to see that 
they pay the collections into the town treasury, for the use of the 
Provincial Congress, and voted that " they would cheerfully raise 
their proportion of the money to pay the tninute meny The former 
legal government of the province was at an and and public opinion 
bore the sway which was due to just laws. This powerful machinery 
accomplished all the purposes of the most perfect government; each 
town being a little republic observing with magnetic influence the 
recommendations of Continental Congress. No person was elected 
to any office who was not known to be absolutely loyal to the cause 
of the people. 

In addition to the minute men, a Committee of Safety was selected 
in Kittery, who were directed to procure instantly a quantity of pro- 
visions for the use of the town and also to provide pay for the 
minute men, who should exercise two hours a day for four days each 
week, also " to pay a bounty of 24 shillings to every man who should 
march out of the county when required for duty." During the 


entire Revolutionary war besides the members of the Leighton family 
who took active and coramauding parts on land, as will be seen by 
their commissions, there were others who devoted their energies and 
means to fitting up vessels as privateers and did good service in prey- 
ing upon England's merchant and naval vessels. Their deeds of 
valor and bravery have been already recorded too often to again be 
repeated. The subsequent success of the armies and the independ- 
ence of the colonies was the ultimate result. 

It was a natural sequence after the Revolutionary war that busi- 
ness, no less than the social and religious condition of the inhabit- 
ants of Kittery, seemed almost entirely broken up. The very traits 
of character which the early training of the emigrants to Kittery 
had received, came in good stead, their experience in ship building 
and navigation proved that her hardy sons were always to be 
trusted as leaders in the formation of new settlements. After the 
union under the charter of 1691, the whole state was embraced in 
the county of York, and so continued until 1760, when it was divided 
into the three counties, York, Cumberland and Lincoln. In 1810, 
P^liot detached itself from Kittery and became incorporated. After 
several unsuccessful attempts to detach itself from Massachusetts, 
Maine was finally admitted to the union March 4th, 1820. 

Very soon after the Revolution the trade of Kittery began to de- 
cline, as did that of New Castle, Portsmouth and the other towns on 
the coast of New England. The foreign trade in which it had 
always received a fair share, became concentrated in Boston, New 
York and the larger cities which the more rapid growth of the county 
tributory made permanent ; the fisheries concentrated about Cape 
Ann. The splendid harbor and the great advantages for building 
wooden ships, induced the government to establish at Kittery its 
chief navy-yard of construction, and some of the finest ships in the 
navy have been built there, but the new era of ships of iron has 
made this, probably useless. To-day Kittery and Eliot are simply 
pretty, agricultural and fruit growing towns. The rotting wharfs 
of Kittery, New Castle and Portsmouth remind us of the departed 
commerce, and the little steamer daily running to the Isle of Shoals 
is all that remains of what was once a busy scene of almost daily 
arriving ships from successful voyages. 


Early Church History of Kittery. 

Prior to 1690, the inhabitants of Kittery attended a church situ- 
ated in that ])ortion of the town that afterwards detached itself and 
was called Berwick. The children had been sent there during the 
week days to attend school in the log meeting house, and were 
taught in the rudimentary branches. As the town increased the 
distance between the primitive church and the town proper was 
about five miles, and showed the necessity of having a church nearer. 
Mr. John Newmarch, a graduate of Harvard College (class 1690), 
was employed in 1699, to teach school at Kittery, he also preached 
on the Sabbath; this was the first effort, and the movement resulted 
in the establishment of the South Parish church. The records of 
the church say: " He was employed from year to year to teach and 
preach, and in addition to his salary was granted his parsonage." 

On Nov. 4th, 1714, the leading people of the town, to the num- 
ber of 18 men and 25 women, formally organized the South 
Parish Congregational church, and Rev. John Newmarch " having 
served a satisfactory probation," was regularly and formally in- 
stalled pastor thereof, which position he retained until three years 
prior to his death in 1754; during this interim he was assisted by 
Mr. Benjamin Stevens, who was ordained pastor, soon after Mr. 
Newmarch's death. Mr. Stevens continued to minister to the con- 
gregation of the South Parish until 1791, the year of his death. 

During the latter part of 1713, and tht; early part of 1714, there 
was a division of the South Parish. The tide of improvement 
was extending itself to the northward and many of the im- 
portant interests were moving towards that portion of the town 
that afterwards became Eliot, and another parish was formed 
known as the North Parish. The result of this division of the 
parishes was the building of a log meeting house in 1715, and em- 
ploying on probation Mr. John Rogers, a graduate of Harvard 
College (class 1711), to preach to them from year to year. 
No definite steps were taken to complete the organization until a 
sufficient number of members able to support a church had been 
gathered into the fold. By assiduous labors this was accomplished 
and on October 22d, 1721, a council was convened and the North 
Parish church formally organized. 

Among the first or charter members, we find the names of John 
Leighton, Tobias Leighton, Captain John Leighton, John Leigh- 


ton (2) Grace Leigh ton (wife of Tobias), Mary (Hill) Leighton 
(wife of John), and Sarah (Hill) Leighton (wife of William). At 
this convention Mr. Rogers was chosen pastor and duly ordained. 
His pastorate continued uninterruptedly for about fifty-two years, 
when becoming enfeebled by old age, his congregation provided 
him with an assistant in the person of Mr. Alpheus Spring, who 
acted in that capacity for five years prior to the death of Mr. 
Rogers, June 28, 1773. 

About this time there had been held several conferences in the dif- 
ferent parishes of the county of York, over the oppressive obliga- 
tion which rested upon them. Not only were they required to 
support their own ministers but they were compelled to aid in the 
support of ministers of other denominations. The conferences re- 
sulted in a united petition to the General Court, which granted the 
application and the objectionable portion of the law repealed, also 
exempting the members of the Episcopal church from compulsory 
contributions to the Congregational church. 

Then another cause of serious vexation appeared in the establish- 
ment of a society of Quakers; they held regular meetings accord- 
ing to the established usages of their sect. The first meeting house 
set up by the Friends or Quakers, was built in that portion of Kit- 
tery afterwards incorporated as Eliot in 1730, and from the seed 
there sown they spread to all the different parts of the state. The 
serious alarm, this increase and spread of Quakerism caused the 
churches, is indicated in the fact that the South Parish cliurch kept 
a fast in 1740, and all the ministers of the state attended, endeavor- 
ing to stop the new organization in its rapid progress. In 1742, a 
meeting of Friends was established in Berwick and the same year 
obtained a foot hold in Falmouth, where they made large accessions 
to their numbers. Yvon\ Smith'' s Journal Yeh. 14, 1742, we quote: 
"the people are in a sad tumult about Quaker meetings, ministers 
and taxes; to their annual meetings gi-eat numbers flocked." Long 
before the controversy ended the revival of feeling grew rapidly to 
favor the established churches, and the zealous ministers were able 
to continue their labors in their congregations whose numbers in- 
creased, rather than diminished. Mr. Spring continued to preach on 
probation until 1776, when he was ordained; he died June 14, 1791, 
his pastorate had endeared him to the people, and he was loved and 
venerated by all. 

During the years from 1700 to 1773, in addition to the ministers 
connected with the churches at Kittery, there were four other set- 


tied ministers in the State of Maine. Rev. Samuel Moody ordained 
at York, in 1700; Rev. Jeremiah Wise ordained at Berwick in 1707. 
Rev. Samuel Jefferds ordained at Wells 1725, and Rev. Thomas 
Smith ordained at Falmouth (now Portland) in 1727, Rev. Samuel 
Chandler succeeded to the vacancy caused by Mr. Spring's death; 
after a year's probation, he was ordained Oct. 17, 1792, and continued 
as pastor to his death Oct. 9, 1829. After the division of the South 
Parish the church gradually declined in numbers and at the time of 
Mr. Stevens' death there was only a few members and the compiler 
of this volume has been unable to obtain any complete record of that 
church. The North Parish steadily improved and increased, the 
generous support of the farmers, lumbermen, merchants and fisher- 
men, seems to have been continuous, and indicates that as Eliot im- 
proved and became enriched, its sturdy sons and daughters who had 
to struggle with every adversity to maintain ther foothold in their 
newly made American home, did not neglect to foster and care for 
their church. Laws were enacted to compell those to attend 
whose inclinations tended in other directions. It will be of interest 
to the descendants, and to the general readers to note the following 
extracts from the records of the North Parish church as far as they 
relate to the Leighton family. 

In 1723 John Leighton was chosen deacon and declined. 

In 1726 Tobias Leighton was made a delegate, and again in 1727. 

In 1743 Tobias Leighton and John 'Leighton were appointed del- 

In 1744 Tobias Leighton was chosen delegate. 

In 1754 William Leighton was'chosen deacon. 

In 1776 William and John Leighton were chosen a committee to 
take measures to ordain Rev. Alpheus Spring, and in the same year 
1776, Deacon William was chosen delegate. 

In 1786 Deacon Leighton resigns his office after 32 years service, 
on account of bodily infirmities. Samuel Leighton renewed his 
covenant in 1768, and again in 1775, Mary, wife of Tobias Leighton 
Jr., renews her covenant. Prom the baptismal record we obtain the 
following names and dates, the paper is well preserved and the writ- 
ing distinct and plain. From the family record of their births the 
compiler believes that the date of baptism indicates the beginning 
of their connection with the church. 

1730 Joseph son of Tobias Leighton. 

1730 William son of William Leighton. 

Sons and daughters of Deacon Wil- 
;► liam Leighton. 


1732 Susan daughter of Tobias Leighton. 
1782 Sarah daughter of Tobias Leighton. 

1738 John and Mary twin children of John Leighton and Mary- 

1740 Samuel son of John and Mary Leighton. 

1750 William. 

1751 Catherine and Susan. 
1753 Abigail, 
1755 Mary. 

1760 Jonathan and Eunice. 
1763 Elizabeth. 
1765 John. 
1768 John. 

1770 Mary. 

1771 Samuel Junior. vSons and daughters of Samuel Leighton. 

1772 Abigail. | 

1774 Sarah. J 

1775 Tobias, William, Stephen and James, children of Tobias 
Leighton, Junior. 

1777 Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Leighton. 

1778 Elizabeth daughter of Tobias Leighton. 

1779 Jane daughter of Samuel Leighton. 

1780 Samuel son of Tobias Leighton. 

1782 George son of Major Samuel Leighton. 
1782 John son of William Leighton. 

1784 Hannah daughter of Major Samuel Leighton. 

1785 William, Miriam, Sarah, Margery, children of William 

1790 Jonathan son of William Leighton. 

Tax Bills in 1780 in Eliot (Kitteby). 

Constable Jeremiah Bartlett A A h'^*^ 

York ss. Kittery Jany. 11, 1780 H Vo^ /O 

A Tax or Assessment made on the Polls and estates Rateable in tlie Town of 

Lit ery by virtue ot a Wan ant from Henry Gardner Esq, Treasurer & Receiver 

of the state of Massachusetts Bay of Ten pounds on each poll and four shUHuS 

and six pence on the Pound for estate auuiiufco 

Persons Names Polls 


2 Widow Elizabeth Allen & son Eph- 

riam & Servant 
1 Jacob Allen 

1 Ezekiel Allen 

2 Captain H. Bartlett and son Daniel 
1 John Bartlett Jun. 

1 Jeremiah Bartlett 

Widow Shuah Bartlett & Nathan 

2 Henry Blake & son Henry 

1 Widow Sarah Bartlett & son James 
1 Nathaniel Bartlett. of York 

Dr. Edmund Coffin 
1 Nathaniel Coffin 
1 Nathaniel Coffin 
1 Richard Chick 
1 John Chick 
1 Thomas Chick 
1 Nathaniel Cleark 
1 Nathaniel Cleark Jun. 
1 Ebenezar Cleark 
1 Thomas Cleark for servant 

1 Cotton Cotton 

2 John Davis & son John 

3 Daniel Emery & two Sons 
1 Noah Emery 

Widow Anny Emery 
3 Japhet Emery & two Sons 
3 Caleb Emery & Sons 
1 Zachariah Emery 
1 James Emery 
3 Samuel Emery & two Sons 
1 Simon Emery 

1 Samuel Emery Jun. 

2 Stephen Emery & Son 
1 Jacob Emery 

1 Stephen Emery Jun. 

Widow Patience Ferguson 
1 Ruben Ferguson 

1 Daniel Ferguson 

2 Daniel Ferguson & Timothy 
1 Stephen Ferguson 

1 Timothy Ferguson 
1 William Ferguson 
1 Captain William Ferguson 

Widow Elizabeth Ferguson 
1 Ebenezer Fry 

Widow Sarah Fry 

3 Joseph Fry & two Sons 

Heal Estate 
£ S. d. 

£ S. d. 


90 24 15 

30 7 6 

46 11 6 

2 14 

14 17 






5 6 

30 16 6 10 7 

20 18 5 3 6 

10 49 10 7 4 

4 14 6 

20 6 5 17 

10 4 10 

10 4 10 

10 3 12 

10 10 2 6 3 7 6 

8 11 2 6 

10 63 18 

10 17 

10 4 5 

10 27 6 15 

10 16 2 4 10 

20 24 6 7 4 

30 67 10 18 

10 6 15 3 16 6 

6 2 6 4 10 

30 15 11 6 10 3 6 

30 30 7 6 19 7 

13 10 2 9 6 

10 4 10 4 19 

30 19 11 6 8 11 



20 19 11 6 5 12 6 

10 4 10 

10 4 10 

13 10 4 10 

10 22 10 5 3 6 

10 10 3 6 6 16 

20 29 5 5 3 6 

10 15 15 6 4 10 

10 29 6 5 8 

10 14 17 4 10 

10 17 

7 17 5 3 16 6 

10 22 10 13 10 

4 10 2 14 

30 16 17 6 4 10 

£ ». d. 

134 15 
45 13 6 



3 6 

2 6 

3 6 
3 6 

66 14 
4 14 6 
26 2 6 
14 10 
14 10 

13 12 
23 10 

10 11 6 

11 7 

14 5 
48 15 
80 3 
51 10 

115 10 
20 11 6 
10 3 6 
56 2 
79 14 6 

15 19 6 


2 6 


14 10 
17 11 
37 13 6 
26 4 
54 3 6 
30 5 6 
44 8 6 
28 18 
11 7 
11 14 
7 4 
40 18 6 

1 Silas Fry 

1 William Fry 

1 Tobias Fry 

1 Daniel Fierbish 

1 Joseph Ficsbish & Son 

1 Tobias Furbish 

1 Joseph Furbish Jun. 

1 DaviJ Furbish 

2 John Furbish & sou 

3 Captain Charles Frost & two sous 

Charles & Eliot 
Widow Sarah Frost 
1 Simon Frost 

1 Widow Mercy Frost & son Simon 

2 John Frost Esq. & son 

2 Samuel Ferual & his son & Negro 
Benjamin Gould 
1 Benjamin Gould Jur. 
1 Alexander Gould 
1 David Gould 

1 James Gould Esq & Servant 
1 John Gowen 

1 Lemuel Gowen 

Heir of Captain Ichabod Goodwin 
of Berwick 

2 Joseph Gould & son Robert 
1 Joseph Gould Jun. 

1 John Gould 

1 William Gould 

1 Tobias Gould 

1 Elijah Green 

1 Benjamin Goodwin 

1 Peletiah Greenough 

1 Samuel Hodge 

1 Joshua Hubbard 

1 Benjamin Hill & son Andrew 

1 John Hill 

2 Ehenezer Heirl & servant 
Captain Philip Hubbard of Berwick 
Thomas Hogden of Berwick 
Stephen Hogden of Berwick 

1 Benjamin Hogden 
1 Abner Hill 

Ebenezer Huzza of Berwick 

Jonathan Hambleton " 
1 Isaac Hill & son 
1 Samuel Hammond 
1 Tobias Hanscom 

Captain Mcintire of York 

Joseph Mcintire 
1 Joseph Johnson 

IJaniel Goodwin for Lady Pepper- 
ell's Estate & his own 

Samuel Junkins of York 
1 Reanold Junkins 

1 Noah Johnson 

2 Daniel Johnson & Mark Green 
1 Daniel Johnson 

1 Jabez Jenkins 


~-10 2 6 

3 12 

23 14 6 









42 17 


40 1 



56 7 



10 18 



4 10 

25 15 


14 6 



28 18 




8 6 

49 8 6 


40 18 



81 14 

67 10 

4 19 

72 9 







58 12 


74 5 


15 6 

130 6 


138 5 



196 10 




30 12 




7 6 

22 7 6 


2 14 

12 14 


'2i 12 


8 6 

30 6 





70 4 


29 6 



44 8 6 


5 9 

33 15 



18 11 




65 13 6 


1 16 



18 3 












11 7 




13 2 6 


1 7 


2 6 

12 9 6 


51 19 6 



73 4 6 






9 9 


3 6 

24 12 6 


18 18 

7 13 

46 11 

5 8 
19 16 
15 6 
13 10 

5 8 

19 16 

15 6 




26 7 6 


i '7*6 

24 6 
32 10 



11 16 

24 6 




52 13 6 


8 2 



22 12 


37' 2 6 
3 7 6 




11 7 

37 2 6 

3 7 6 


10 18 


6 6 

72 6 6 

6 1 6 
33 5 

6 16 




60 12 6 



10 18 




26 15 





11 7 

• • • 


John Kingsbury of York 
1 Joseph Kingsbury 

Paul Lord of Berwick 

Mark Lord of Portsmouth 
1 Simon Lord 
1 Daniel Lord 
1 Simon Lord Jur. 
1 Tobias Leigh ton 

John Lord of Berwick 

1 Samuel Leigh ton 

Captain Nathaniel Lord Berwick 
Samuel Linscut of York 
John Morrill 
Robert Morrill 

2 Joel Morrill & servant 
1 Nicholas Morrill 

1 Andrew Mace 
1 Nason 

Widow Patience Neall 

1 John Niall 

2 James Neall & son 
1 Stephen Nason 

1 Samuel Neall 
1 Dauiel Ordione 

Stephen Paull 
1 Moses Paull 

Lady Pepperell 
1 Joseph Pilsbury 
1 Elisha Pudentou 

Widow Miriam Raitt & two sons 

3 John Andrew & Negro 

1 William Raitt 

Samuel Roberts of Somersworth 

2 Nathaniel Rogers & son Nath'l 
1 Daniel Sewall 

Heirs of Nathaniel Sparrhock 

1 Jacob Shorey »& son 
Joseph Shorey of Berwick 

2 James Smith & son 

2 Ichabod Stacy & son John 

Captain Ebeuezer & Joshua Simp- 
son of York 
1 William Stacy 
1 John Stacy 

1 William Stacy Jur. 

2 Captain Elisha Shapleigh & servant 
Mehitable Stacy 

Widow Jane Tucker 

Joseph Thompson of York 
1 Robert Tidery 
1 William Titherly 3 
1 Moses Witham 
1 Zebedee Witham 
1 Nathan Witham 

Ichabod Stacy & Nathan Coffin for 
part of Hights Estate 

Jeremiah Lord of Berwick 
1 Henry Shurberr 

William Emery 

Simon Emery 

30 5 

20 5 


30 12 

12 3 

52 15 

16 4 

16 04 

16 4 

16 4 


'27 "6'6 

4 10 

41 10 


1 13 6 


11 15 6 



11 7 


"s ii"6 

3 12 

22 3 

1 7 

1 7 


64 2 6 


94 7 6 

6 15 

6 15 

2 14 

2 14 



63 1 

47 5 

10 11 6 

57 16 6 


6 15 

6 6 

33 1 


4 14 6 

8 7 6 

18 2 


3 12 


16 12 


15 15 

1 16 

27 11 

6 2 

3 12 

11 14 


40 10 

10 11 6 

61 11 6 


56 5 


94 5 






'40' 6' 6 



16 17 5 

16 17 6 


19 2 6 

4 10 

33 3 6 


11 15 

65 5 


1 7 


12 5 


1 16 

1 16 

13 12 


60 15 

18 9 

109 4 


22 10 

5 8 

37 18 

8 2 

8 2 


33 15 


65 9 





33 15 


20 5 

8 6 6 

48 11 6 

8 2 

8 2 


6 15 


29 9 


48 12 

12 3 

80 15 

29 14 

29 14 


50 12 6 


69 12 6 


1 7 

11 7 




74 5 


108 13 

2 5 

2 5 

30 12 


39 3 

11 5 

11 5 


49 5 6 


69 17 


8 2 

2 5 

20 7 


8 2 

3 7 6 

21 9 6 


1 7 

11 7 


"b' 00 


7 13 

7 13 

2 5 

2 5 




90 11 

12 6 

12 6 

, , 



The foregoing list of Rates made and examined by the subscribers the day 
and year first above written amounts in the sum total to five thousand three 
hundred and ninety-eight Pounds fourteen shillings and six pence, which sura 
you are to collect and pay unto the Honorable Henry Gardner Esq. state Treas- 
urer or his successor in said office according to the directions of the warrant 
you shall receive from him. 
£5398 14«. 6d. 

Samuel Leighton, 
Joseph Cutts, 
Japhet Emery, 
Samuel Weeks, 

Selectmen of Kittery. 

This tax list for the year 1780 numbers 151 Polls. 

Residents of Kittery tax £4551 15 6 

Non-Residents tax amounts . 846 19 6 

£5398 14 6 

This year was about the height of the Revolution. 

Farming was the principal business by those who were not in the army. 



Capt. William Leighton, born about 1625, came to America and 
settled in Kittery, Maine, about 1050. Of his origin and his relation 
to other persons of the same fami-ly name who carae about the same 
time, there are conflicting traditions, the truth of any of which must 
remain matter of surmise or conjecture. One is that he was one 
of three brothers who emigrated from England prior to 1650. The 
eldest (John*) settled at Saco, the second (Thomasf) at Dover, and 
the younger, William, at Kittery. It is certain that he was a ship- 
master, and had possibly made previous voyages to New England 
before he finally settled there. There is a tradition that he was 
taken from a wreck at sea and carried into Kittery. There is a 
tradition that he came from Devonshire, but this is probably a mis- 
take, and grew out of the fact that his wife was of a Devonshire 
family. The name in England belongs to Shropshire, Worcester- 
shire and Yorkshire. It is quite possible that, in coming to Ame- 
rica, he may have sailed from a Devonshire port. There is a 
tradition that seems authenticated that his father had been an offi- 
cer in the Parliamentary army, but we have no authoritative infor- 
mation as to his christian name or his rank or regiment in which he 
served. He settled in that part of the town then called Kittery 
Foresicle, afterwards Crooked Lane, where he received a grant of 
land from the town, June 13th, 1659, containing 19 acres of land 

* Leighton. — John Leighton's name appears at Saco in 1645. lu 1653, he 
received a grant of land from the town, and lived at what is still known as 
Leighton Point. He was living in 1675, when he, with Maj. Pendleton and 
others, petitioned the General Court for a grant of six miles square above the 
patents, which was granted. He was chosen surveyor of the town in 1681. 

\ Thomas Leighton, born in 1604, came to America 1633. Settled at Dover. 
He had various grants of laud there.- He lived at Dover Neck, and died 32d 
January, 1673. In his will he gave property to his " only son and heir" 
Thomas, and to his daughters. Thomas married a daughter of Elder Hateril 
Nutter, and died about 1740, leaving ten children. His descendants are quite 
numerous in Rockingham and Strafford counties, N. H. 


extending 20 poles on the water frontage, and lying on the west 
side of Richard Abbott's land, 104 poles. He seems to have been a 
man of considerable intelligence and fair education, and, for a young 
man, to have taken an important pai't in the infant colony. 

Very soon after, he removed to Watt's Fort, since then called 
Leighton's Fort, in Eliot (then Kittery.) 

In 1656, he married Katherine, daughter of Nicholas Frost,* 

* Frost.— Nicholas Frost was a native of Tiverton, in Devonshire, England. 
Dr. Usher Parsons, of Providence, R. I., one of his descendants, says he was 
born about 1595. Brewster says he was an adherent of Charles I. and left Eng- 
land on account of the civil commotion of the times. He arrived at Piscataqua 
about 1635 or 1G36, aud settled on the head waters of Sturgeon creek on the 
south side of Frost's Hill, in that part of Kittery now called Eliot. He was an 
active and influential man — a farmer — and was chosen "selectman" in 
1642. His will is dated 1650, thirteen years prior to his death, which occurred 
in 1663. It seems that for some cause the will was declared invalid by the 
court, and the property divided equally among the children, except the eldest 
son, Charles, who was allowed a double share. His children were : 

1. Charles= Frost, born 30th July, 1631. 

2. Katherine^ Frost, born 1633, married Capt. William Leighton. 

3. John= Frost, settled in York. 

4. Elizabeth^ Frost, married William Smith. 

5. Nicholas^ Frost, died in Ireland, single, 1673. 

Maj. Charles Frost^ born in England, took the homestead, containing 
five hundred acres of land. It was on the then great highway for the inhab- 
itants of Piscataqua, on the banks of the river, between Portsmouth, Dover 
and Exeter. It adjoined the homestead of his brother-in-law, William Leigh- 
ton. Though trained to agricultural pursuits he became a prominent man both 
in civil and military life. He early showed a fondness for military life ; be- 
came a soldier at sixteen, and rapidly rose through tlie various grades until he 
became Conmiander-in- Chief of the Militia of the Province of Maine in 1670 
He was active in securing the annexation of Maine to the Province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. At the age of 26 he was chosen Representative to the General 
Court at Boston, which he held for five years-1658 to 1662, and again in 1669 
He was actively engaged in all the Indian wars, and was killed by Indians from 
an ambush July 4 1697. He left a large landed property. He married in 1675 
Mary, daughter of .loseph Bolles. She died 1704. leavfng nine children three 
sons and six daughters. Charles^ married (1) Sarah, daughter of Captain Wain- 
wnght ; after her death he married (2) Jane, daughter of Robt. Eliot, and widow 

w-t," ''T> ^^'"''n "• '^'^"' ^^^ '^^""■^^^' ^^'^^-y tbe sister of Andrew and Sir 
Wiham Pepperrell. i^See Pepperell record), Marys married Capt. John HUl 
of Be wick, whose children, Sarah and Mary, married Williams and Johns 

^Zrnl ~7<^^<^--^^'-^-^-^. ^^^o see mil note ana^emoir. 
l^lce s Journal and Mauler's Magnalia. 


of Kittery, born August, 1633, at Tiverton, England. By this union 
he had four children: 

2. 1. Mart^, b. 1657 ; married John Hunkins of Boston. 

3. 2. William-, b. 1659; d. young. 

4.-f-3. John', b. May, 1661; d. November 10, 1724. 
5. 4. Elizabeth', b. 1664; d. young. 

After Capt. William Leighton's death, which occurred in 1666, 
his widow married Maj. Joseph Hammond, of Kittery,* by whom 
she had two children. She died August 15th. 1715, aged 82 years. 


John'' {William^), born 1661 ; died November 10, 1724 ; married 
June 13, 1686, Oner, daughter of Tobias Langdon,f of Portsmouth, 
N. H. She died November 21, 1737, aged 73 years. 

He was a prominent man. He served as ensign in the Indian war 
and in 1704 was commissioned captain by Gov. Shute. He was 

* Hammond. — According to Brewster had been an officer in CromweH's army, 
and at the restoration of the Stuarts had come to America. 

f Langdon. — Tobias Langdon, of Portsmouth, N. H., married 10th June, 
1656, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry and Rebecca (Gibbous) Sherburne. He 
died 27th July, 1664. His widow married 2d Tobias Lear, whose great grand- 
sou was Tobias Lear (Harvard C, 1783), private secretary of Gen. Washington 
from 1783 until his death. 

Tobias and Elizabeth (Sherburne) Langdon had four children: 

1. Tobias^ Langdon married Mary Hubbard. 

2. Elizabeth^ Luugdou married Wm. Fernald. 

3. Oner^ Langdon who married John Leighton. 

4. Margaret^ Langdon who married Morrill. 

Tobias^ Langdon was the grandfather of Hon. Woodbury Langdon, dele- 
gate to the Continental Congress, 1779, 1780; Counsellor, 1781 to 1784; Presi- 
dent of New Hampshire Senate, 1784 ; Judge of the Supreme Court, 1782, 1783 
and 1786 to 1791, and also of Governor John Langdon, who was delegate to the 
General Congress, 1775 and 1776 ; Judge 1776 and 1777 ; Speaker of the New 
Hampshire House, 1776 to 1782 and 1804 and 1805 ; Delegate to Continental 
Congress, 1783 ; Member of New Hampshire Senate, 1784, 1785 ; Delegate to 
the Convention which framed the Constitution of the United States, 1787 ; 
Speaker of New Hampshire House, 1788, but resigned because chosen Governor. 
He was President or Governor of New Hampshire, 1785-1788 and 1805 to 1808 
and 1810-1811 ; United States Senator, 1789 to 1801, and was the first President 
pro Urn. of the Senate. He died 20th September, 1819. 


one of the selectmen of the town in 1697-8-9, again in 1702-1714- 
1722. From 1715 to 1720 he was moderator at all the town meet- 
ings. He received a grant of 40 acres from the town in 1679, of 50 
acres in 1685, to replace some which his father had possessed and 
which was found to fall within the lines of Maj. Charles'^ survey, and 
a grant of 100 acres in 1703. Was representative of his district to 
the General Court at Boston in 1704, and again in 1714. He was 
deeply interested in parish and town affairs ; and was for several 
years sheriff of the county of York (then embracing what was the dis- 
trict, now the State of Maine). He was a large property owner and 
an active business man. He resided at Eliot. In the General Court 
he was one of the committee on claims and settlement, and was also 
one of the commissioners to look after the loans of paper money 
made by order of the Legislature on pledge of lands, which loans had 
become very oppressive to debtors. His house, built in 1690, was 
taken down in 185 1. For many years the town meetings were held at 
his house which was the largest in the town. The first meeting of 
the Court of General Sessions, with William Pepperrellas chief jus- 
tice, was held at this house. As showing how far the disturbed con- 
dition of the times directed all the leading citizens towards military 
pursuits, it may be stated that at a town meeting held at the house 
of John Leighton in 1703, the selectmen for the year were Gapt. 
John Hill, Lieut. Charles Frost, Lieut. John Shapleigh, JEndgn 
John Leighton, John Warren and William Pepperell. "In 1711 
William Fej)perrell, Capt. John Hill, Capt. John Leighton, Maj. 
Charles Frost, Ichabod Plaisted and John Plaisted, were ap])ointed a 
committee to settle the several grants of land within the town. 
In the levying of taxes for that year out of 207 freeholders, the fol- 
lowing were the largest tax-payers : Charles Frost £50, William 
Pepperrell £30, Robert Eliot £30, Capt. John Leighton £26, Capt 
John Hill £25." He was one of the founders of the parish church 
His children were : 

O.-f 1. Elizabeth^', b. May 30, 1691. 

7.+2. Mary^ b. 1693. 

8.-f-3. William^, b. Sept. 17, 1696 ; d. Aug. 20, 1749. 

9.4-4. JoHN^ b. May 27, 1699 ; d. April 13, 1768. 
10.+5. Tobias^*, b. Nov. 17, 1701 ; d. 1748. 

11. 6. Samuei/, b. Nov. 22, 1707 ; killed by the falling of a tree 
Dec. 24, 1735 ; unmarried. 


The following is a copy of bis commission as sheriff :* 

George, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland 
King-, Defender of tlie Faith, &c. To all unto whom these presents 
sha 1 come, Greeting. Know yee That Wee have committed to our 
well-beloved John Leighton, Gent, our County of Yorke, within our 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, to keep during 
Our Pleasure, so that yearly he Render unto us Our Dues and of 
our Debts and all other things to the office of our Sheriff, in our 
County, aforesaid appertaining, he answer to us at our Treasury. 
Wee likewise command the Freeman and all other our Subjects, 
within Our Said County, that to the said John Leighton, as Sheriff 
of our County aforesaid in all things which to the said Office be- 
longeth, they be helping, aiding and assisting. 

In Testimony Whereof Wee have caused the Seal of our province 
of the Massachusetts Bay to be hereunto affixed. Witness Samuel 
Shute, Esq., Our Captain General and Governor in Chief, in and 
Over our said Province, at Boston, the 20th day of June in the Third 
Year of Our Reign. 
A7inoque Domini, 1717. SAMUEL SHUTE. 

By his Excellency's Command, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the Council. 

JOS. MARION, D, Secr'y. 


ELIZABETff {John?, William}), married September 22, 1717, 
Capt. Benjamin Wentworth.f Their children were : 

* The original commission is in the possession of Dr. John S. H. Fogg of 
Boston, Mass. 

f Wentworth. — Capt. Benjamin Wentworth, born, 1691, who married ^^/za- 
heth Leighton, September 23, 1717, died 1736, was a son of Ezekiel and Eliza- 
beth Wentworth. He lived at Dover, N. H. He was one of the committee of 
the proprietors of the town of Rochester. He was one of the selectmen in 1724 
and in 1724-25 representative. He was a large land holder about Salmon Falls. 
John Wentworth, son of Capt. Benjamin and Elizabeth (Leighton) Wentworth, 
was one of the selectmen of Dover and frequently re-elected to the Legislature. 
He was in the Legislature in 1755; again in 1767, and annually thereafter; was 
Speaker in 1771, and continued during the existence of the Provincial Govern- 
ment. He was Chief Justice of the Court of Comon Pleas (Provincial). Under 
the Revolutionary Government he was chosen one of the Judges of the Superior 
Court and served until his death. He was in 1774, one of the Revolution- 
ary Committee of Correspondence with committees of the sister colonies. He 
was chairman of the first Revolutionary Congress, and as such signed the cre- 
dentials of Gen. John Sullivan and Nathaniel Folsom as delegates to the first 
Continental Congress at Philadelphia. He was the father of Hon. John Went- 
worth, a delegate to the Continental Congress 1778, who was grandfather of 
Hon. John Wentworth, of Chicago, Illinois. {See for a full account of, Wenticorth 
Genealogy Vol. 1, pp. 371-384; Vol. 2, 44.) 


12 1. John\ b. May 30, 1719; d. May 17, 1781. 

13 2. El%zabeth\ b. Feb. 15, 1721 ; married Mark Went worth, 

son of William Wentworth, of Sommersworth, N. H. 

14 3. AUgail\ b. February 12, 1723; married Ichabod Rollins,* 

son of Jeremiah Rollins of Sommersworth, N. H. 

15 4. Mary\ b. July 29, 1725; married Ebenezer Wallingford, 

son of Thomas W., of Sommersworth, N. H. 


MARY' {John\ William^), married October 12, 1712, Col. Paul 
Gerrish, of Dover, N. H. 

(Col. Paul Gerrish was chosen a representative to succeed his 
brother-in-law, Capt. Benj. Wentworth, and was annually elected, 
with few exceptions, until 1740. He was town clerk from 1727 
until his death. He died 6th June, 1743. Col, Paul and Mary 
(Leighton) Gerrish had seven children; among whom was Mary, 
who married Dr. Moses Cai'r, of Sommersworth.) 


WILLIAM^ (,/o/m^ TF^7^^■am'), born September 17th, 1696; died 
August 20th, 1749; married November, 1720, Sarah, daughter of 
Major John Hill,f of Berwick. She died September, 1749, within 

* Rollins. — Ichabod Rollius, who married Abigail, daughter of Benjamin 
and Elizabeth (Leightou) Weutworth. was representative of Sommersworth in 
the Legislature of 1775-1776; Judge of Probate, 1776 to 1784; Counsellor in 
1789, and died 31st January, 1800. His wife, born 12th February, 1733, died 
17th October, 1790. (For his descendants, see Wentworth Genealogy.) 

t Hill— Peter Hill' came to Richmond's Island, belonging to Cape Eliza- 
beth, Maine. Avith John Winter, in 1633. He came from Plymouth. He re- 
mainder with Winter, who was agent of Trelawney, until 1644, when he 
leased a tract of land at Winter Harbor, now Biddeford. In 1648, he was a 
member of the Assembly of Lygonia. He died at Winter Harbor, August 29 
1667. He left one child— 

Roger' who lived on the farm. He was quite influential among the early 
settlers. He married, November, 1658, Mary, daughter of John Cross, of 
Wells, Maine, and who was the richest man in the town. Hq died 1696 She 
died 1720. Their children were : 

1. Sarah^ born 1661 ; died 1726 ; married Pendleton Fletcher. 

2. Hannah^ born 1664 ; married 1679, Joseph Stone. 

3. John^, born March 28lh, 1666 ; died June 2d, 1713. 

4. SamueP, born December 14th, 1668 ; died , 1732. 


a month after the death of husband. He was a merchant and car- 
ried on a considerable business in lumber, spars, etc., for ship build- 
ing. For some length of time he was partner with his brother 
John. Afterwards William, John and Tobias, seem to have been 
partners in this business which was carried on separately from the 
merchandise branch, in which John alone was interested. Some of 
the account books of the firm which are still extant, show their 
business was extensive, and- testify to the considerable shipping in- 
terests which were carried on and owned at Kittery, New Castle 
and Portsmouth, from 1720 to 1760. (It may be interesting to know 
that in 1723, a sett of masts were sold at Kittery at prices varying 
from £12. to £60. merchantable lumber, £2, 2s. 6d. clear pine £5. 
and shingles 15s. per thousand.) He was one of the selectmen of 
the town 1728 to 1735, and in 1741-2, was active in securing the 
establishment of a separate school in the upper Parish. William 

5. Joseph^ born April oth, 1670 ; died July 12th, 1743. 

6. Mercy'. 

7. Benjamin^. 

8. Ebenezer^ born 1679 ; died 1748. 
Of the above — 

John, born March 28th, 1666 (called in early records Captain John and 
Major John), received a good education. In 1689, the Indian war, called King 
William's war, broke out. A company was organized under Edward Ser- 
geant, and John Hill was commissioned ensign. In 1692, he was promoted to 
lieutenant, and in 1693 to captain. Cotton Mather calls him (Magualia) 
" the truly commendable Captain Hill." He built the fort at Winter Harbor, 
which he named Fort Mary, in honor of the lady (Mary Frost) whom he 
afterward made his wife. He remained in command of Fort Mary until 1700, 
when he resigned and removed to Berwick, w^here he became a planter and 
owned mills. He married, December 12, 1694, Mary, daughter of Major 
Charles Frost. (See Frost Memoir and Note.) He died June 2, 1713. His wife 
survived him. His children were : 

1. Sarah*, b. Dec. 6, 1695 ; married November, 1720. William^ Leighton. 

2. Mary^ b. Jan, 5, 1701 ; married December 19, 1726, John^ Leighton. 
8. John\ (Judge and member of the Governor's Couucil, 1755 to 1771,) 

born January 8, 1703 ; d. March 2, 1772. He is called Ron. John, Judge John, 
and Major John. He was commissioned ensign in 1727, by Lieut. Gov. Dum- 
mer, in 1729, lieutenant and 1st lieutenant by Burnett, as captain by Belcher, 
again as captain in 1744, by Shirley and in 1754, as major by Shirley. He was 
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas. {See Hill Memoir.) 

4. Abigail^ born December 5, 1706. 

5. Elisha% born February 5, 1709 ; died June 1, 1764. 

6. Eunice^ born November 1, 1712; died 1737; single. 

For further account of Peter Hill's descendants. See Hill Memoir.) 


Pepperrell (Barnot) was also selectman during this period. Their 
children were : 

16-1-1. William*, b. September 17, 1723 ; died at Kittery, January 
11th, 1793. 

17 2. John*, born December, 1725; died 1787. 

18 3. Katherine*, b. May 28th, 1728 ; died 1736. 

19 4. A Son*, died in infancy. 


JOHN^* {John\ William}), born May 27, 1699 ; died April 25, 
1768; married December 19, 1726, Mary, daughter of Maj. John 
Hill, of Berwick (sister of his brother William's wife). She died 
April 13, 1784, aged 84 years. He was lieutenant of a troop of 
horse in the old French war — commissioned 1744. 

Lieut. John Leighton made a voyage in 1722 in the ship ilTary 
a7id Elizabeth from Kittery to the West Indies, of which he kept a 
very interesting diary, our space will not permit us to use it. Re- 
turning he became a planter and merchant, dealing largely in lumber, 

* The following is a copy of his commission as lieutenant : 

{Seal.'] William Shirley, Esq., Captain-General and Governour-in-Chief in 
and over His Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England, etc. 

To John Leighton, Gentleman, greeting : 

By virtue of the power and authority, in and by His Majesty's royal com- 
mission to me granted, to be Captain General, etc., over His Majesty's Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay, aforesaid, I do, by these presents, reposing special 
trust and confidence in your loyalty, courage and good conduct, constitute and 
appoint you the said John Leighton to be a Lieutenant of the troop of horse in 
the First Regiment, in the County of York, under the command of Captain .John 
Shapleigh, in the First Regiment of Militia, wathin the County of York whereof 
William Pepperrell, Esq., is Colonel. You are, therefore, carefully and dili- 
gently to discharge the duty of a Lieutenant, in leading, ordering and exercising 
said troop in arms, both inferior officers and soldiers, and to keep them in good 
order and discipline, hereby commanding them to obey you as their Lieutenant, 
and yourself to observe and follow such orders and instructions as you shall 
from time to time receive from me or the Commander-in-Chief for the time 
benig, or other your superior officers, for His Majesty's service, according to 
military rules and discipline, pursuant to the trust reposed in you. 

Given under my hand and seal, at Boston, the twenty-first day of May, in 
the seventeenth year of the reign of His Majesty King George the Second, 
Anno Domini 1744. W. SHIRLEY. 

By his Excellency's command. 
J. WiLLARD, Secretary. 

The original of the above commission is in the possession of Col. George E. 
Leighton, of St. Louis, Mo. 


spars, etc., for ship-building, with his brother, as well as general, 
domestic and foreign merchandise, which he conducted separately. 
From one of his old account books (1724), the following were the 
prevailing prices at Kittery for various necessary articles of mer- 
chandise. Cloth 145. per yard ; cearsey lis. per yard; buckram, 
8s. ; holland 8s.; calico ed.; barley 10s. per bushel; fish £1 per 
quintal ; cider 14s. per barrel; pork £3 8s. per barrel; rum 5s. 6d. 
to 12s. per gal,; molasses 7s. per gall.; paper 2s. per quire; worsted 
stockings, 135. per pair; thread 25. 6d. per ounce; sugar lOd. per 
pound; salt 5s. per bushel; shoes 8s. per pair; powder 6s. 6d. per 
lb. ; skin and silk for breeches £2 3s. In the same year appears 
various entries of cash paid for labor, showing the prevailing prices. 
For cutting timber 5s. per day; husking corn 3s. per day; mowing 
meadow hay 4s. per day. He was an active member of the parish 
and for some years deacon of the church in Eliot. His children 
were : 

20 1. Abigail*, b. December 2, 1727; d. June 21, 1737. 

21 2. Mary^ b. April 15, 1730; d. June 3, 1737. 

22 3. Elizabeth*, b. October 4, 1732; d. May 29, 1737. 

23 4. Jonathan*, b. May 13. 1735; d. June 18, 1737. 

24 5. Katherine*, b. June 29, 1737; d. July 3, 1737. 

(These five children died of malignant sore thi'oat, at that 
time epidemic in New England.) 

27-1-8. Samuel*, born March 16, 1740; d. February 27, 1802. 


TOBIAS' {John\ William^), born November 17, 1701, at Eliot 
(then Kittery), Me. ; died November, 1748; married November 
15, 1727, Grace, daughter of Captain Peter Staples, who com- 
manded a company during . the siege of Louisburg. She died 
November 17, 1736, in her 27th year. He married 2d, June 
20, 1738, Sarah, daughter of James Chadbourne, of Kittery. She 
died November, 1748, the same year as her husband, leaving two 
children. He was a delegate to the General Court in 1731 and in 
1736 and 1743, and town clerk of Kittery, 1732, a member of the * 
Congregational church, and delegate of the church, 1726, 1727, 
1744. He served under Sir William Pepperell and was with him at 
the surrender of Louisburg. In 1741 he received a grant of land 


of 118 acres from the town. He was a farmer and resided at Eliot, 
but frequently engaged in mercantile ventures with his brother. 
His children were : 

Bv his first wife : 

28 1. Tobias*, b. July 3, 1V28; d. Oct. 24, 1V36. 

29 2. Joseph*, b. Aug. 29, 1730; d. April 25, 1735. 

30 3. Mary^, b. Jan. 6, 1732; d. May 28, 1736. 

31 4. Susannah*, b. June 6, 1735; d. 1736. 

By his second wife : 

32 5. Sarah*, b. June 30, 1739. 

33+6. Tobias, Jr.*, b. Aug. 31, 1742; d. 1818; he served in the 
French war l758-'59. 


WILLIAM* {William\ John\ William^), born September 17, 
1723; married November 19, 1747, Katharine, daughter of Rev. 
John Rogers,* of Eliot. She died March 17, 1750. Married 2d, 
August 6, 1750, Mary, daughter of Capt. Jonathan Bane,f of York, 
Me.; she died January 11, 1795. William Leighton died January 
11, 1793. He resided at Eliot (Kittery). He was an intelligent and 
enterprising merchant, and was the owner of a large number of 
vessels, employed in trade chiefly with the West Indies, but occa- 
sionally to European ports. He was a man of large influence in 
Kittery and the surrounding country, and held many positions of 
trust. He was, like his cousin Hon. John Wentworth, a zealous 
patriot. He was one of the selectmen of the town from 1770 to 
1776, and was prominent in arousing the patriotic spirit of the 
people. He was one of the committee appointed Dec. 21, 1773, to 
whom was referred the letter from Boston, relative to the tea 
shipped by the East India company, and expected to arrive from 

* Rogers.— Rev. John Rogers was minister of the north parisli (Eliot) from 
1715 to 1721, on probation, ordained October 25, 1721 and continued to preach 
until 1768. 

\ Bask.— Capt. Jonathan Bane, of York, T^as the son of Capi. Lewis Bam. 
Lewis Baue was representative of York in the General Court, in 1717. In 1708, 
he, with Maj. Joseph Hammond (wbo had married the widow of Capt. Wm. 
Leighton), under the orders of the General Court were appointed to carry into 
effect the order for the removal of the troops from the stone fort at the falls 
(Saco) to Winter Harbor. Capt. Jonathan Bane served in King Phillip's war, 
and after the close succeeded Capt. Bradbury in command of the block-house 
at Saco. This establishment was kept up until 1759, when the soldiers were 
disbanded and the cannon transferred to Castle William in Boston Harbor. 
{Folaom'a Hist, of Saco.) 


Great Britain and made the report upon wliicli it was ^^ voted: That 
thanks of the Town be returned to tlie inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston for their early Intimation to us of a Quantity of Tea lately 
arrived there, subject to a duty; also for the said inhabitants con- 
duct in not suffering the said Tea to be landed in their Town, and 
the inhabitauts of said town of Boston may be assured that the In- 
habitants of this Town will at all times be ready to assist their 
brethren of Boston, and every other Town in the Province at the 
risque of their Lives and Fortunes in the defense of all our just 
rights and privileges." The said report being made, was accepted 
and " voted: That the Town clerk do forward as soon as may be, a 
fair copy of the above proceeding to the Town Clerk of Boston." 

He was subsequently a delegate to the Congress of the towns of 
York county held at Wells, Nov. 11, 1774, where he protested 
against English taxation, and recommended " the withdrawal of all 
commerce and dealings with those who have assented to the en- 
slaving of a free people." 

lie assisted iu raising and equipping the 112 men, who, at the call 
of Warren, marched from Kittery under command of his cousin 
(Captain Samuel) to join the army at Cambridge in April, 1775. 
He was, as appears from the records in 1752, and again in 1758, one 
of the largest tax-payers. In 1778 which was a year of great dis- 
tress, he was chairman of a committee with Edward Cuttsand John 
Fernald to hire money on behalf of the town. He was sheriff of 
the county and justice of the peace ; was a strong Puritan in his 
religious views and was deacon of the church for twenty-eight years 
(1754-1786), He was a large landholder, and in addition to his 
business as a merchant was an extensive farmer. 

By his first wife he had: 
34 1. Child^, b. October 6, 1748; d. October 17, 1748. 

By his second wife he had nine children : 
35-f 2. William^, b. April 29, 1751; d. December 22, 1811. 
36+ 3. Catherine^ b. August 29, 1752; d. May 25, 1810. 
374-4. Sarah^ b. November 12, 1753. 
38+ 5. Mary^ b. May 17, 1755. 
39+ 6. Abigail^ b. April 8, 1757; d. Sept. 27, 1840. 
40+ 7. Jonathan^ b. January 17, 1760; d. November 2, 1782. 
41+8. Eunice^, b. August 13, 1761; d. 1842. 
42+ 9. Elizabeth^ b. April 16, 1763; d. Janviary 17, 1819. 
43 + 10. John\ b. November 18, 1765; d. May 1, 1825. 



MARY^ {John\ John\ William'), (twin), born May 18, 1738, at 
Eliot (Kittery), Me.; married April 30, 1761, at Eliot, Tobias Shap- 
leigh (son of Nicholas Shapleigh). She died in 1769. He died 
May 30, 1769. Residence Eliot, Me. 

They had one child : 
44 1. Samuel Leighton Shapleigh!'*, born July 9, 1765; died April 
17, 1800. Left an orphan at the age of four years, he was 
under the guardianship of his uncle, Maj. Samuel Leighton, 
educated at Harvard, where he graduated in 1789. He was 
soon after appointed librarian, which position he held until 
his death, April 17, 1800. He was unmarried. By his will 
he gave all his property to Harvard College for the use of the 
library. He was an A. M., in the college faculty. 


JOHN* (JbA< John\ William'), (twin), b. May 18, 1738, at 
Eliot; married Sept. 12, 1771, Dorothy Chandler, at Eliot. There 
is no further record of him. 


SAMLTEL' {John\ John-, William',) born March 16, 1740, at 
Eliot (Kittery), Me., died suddenly February 27, 1802. He mar- 
ried October, 1767, at Eliot, Abigailf, daughter of John* Frost, 

* Shapleigh. — Au ancient name in Devonshh'e and Cornwall. Alexander 
Shapleigh, born in Devonshire, 1585, came to New England about X642, as 
agent of Sir Fernando Gorges, and as a merchant ship-owner, lived at Kittery , 
where he was a considerable land-owner. His descendants were quite promi- 
nent in the history of the colony. For some notes of interest see note in Weni- 
wortli Genealogy, Vol. 1. 

t Frost.— Abigail daughter of John* Frost. He was born May 12, 1709, 
^atNew Castle, N. H., died 1769, married Oct. 31, 1734, Mary, eldest daughter 
of Hon. Timothy Gerrish, of Kittery, Me. He was clerk of the courts, and for 
many years. Justice of the Peace. His children were : 

1. Mary\ born Oct. 3, 1735 ; married Francis Eppcs of Danvers, Mass. 

3. John^ born Sept. 5, 1737; died 1810; married April 11, 1760, MaryNowell 
of York. He served in the Revolutionary war seven years as colonel and com- 
missary; and had command of a regiment at Dorchester, Mass., subsequently he 
was commissioned as brigadier general. He was for many years representa- 
tive to the Massachusetts Legislature, and afterwards Senator and one of the 


Esq. (born October 5, 1744.) They bad nine cbildren. She died 
November 30, 1826. He Avas a prominent man and possessed of 

Executive council, also for a number of years clerk of the courts and Re<^i3ter 
of Probate. " 

3. Sarall^ born Oct. 5, 1740 ; married R Cutts, of Kitte^i^ 

4. Timothy^ born Oct. 4, 1742; married Hannah Nowell of York. 

5. Abigail^ born Oct. 5, 1744 ; married Captain Samuel Leighton. 

6. William^, born May 26, 1747 ; married Elizabeth Randall of Berwick. 

7. Jane PepperreP, born Sept. 10, 1749; married John Nowell of York.' 

8. NathanieP, born 1755 ; married Abigail Ferguson of Kittery. 

9. George PepperrelP, born 1758; married Elizabeth Goslin. 

Note.— The following are copies of various commisions held by Maj. Leigh- 
ton : 

Cambridge, April 24. 1775. 
Whereas, You have this day received orders for enlisting 56 soldiers, in- 
cluding a sergeant, for the Massachusetts service for the protection of the' lib- 
erties of America, you are hereby acquainted that the commission of a captain 
insaid service shall be made out for you as soon as you have completed tlie 
said enlistment ; and you will also be allowed to n<miinate 2 subalterns to serve 
under you, who will receive commissions accordingly, if the committee shall 
approve of them. 

By order of the Committee of Safety, 


In Committee op Safety, Cambridge, April 24, 1775. 
To Captain Samuel Leighton of Kittery in tlie County of York, greeting : 
Sir : — You are hereby empowered immediately to enlist a company, to con- 
sist of 56 able-bodied and effective men, including sergeants, as soldiers in 
the Massachusetts service, for the protection of American liberty, and cause 
them to pass muster as soon as possible. JOS. WARREN, Chairman. 

The Congress of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay. 
To Samuel Leighton, Gentleman, Oreeting : 

We reposing special Trust and confidence in your courage and good conduct 
Do, by these Presents, constitute and appoint you the said Samuel Leighton to 
be Captain of the — Foot Company in the Regiment of Foot, whereot James 
Scammon, Esq. is Col : raised by the Congress aforesaid for the Defense of said 
Colony. You are therefore, carefully and diligently to discharge the Duly of 
Captain in leading, ordering, and exercising the said Company in Arms ; both 
inferior officers and Soldiers, and to keep them in good order and discipline ; 
and they are hereby commanded to obey you as their Captain, and you are 
yourself to observe and follow such Orders and Instructions as you shall from 
Time to Time receive from the General and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces 
raised in the Colony aforesaid for the defense of the same, or any other your 
superior Officers, according to military rules and Discipline in War, in Pursu- 
ance of the Trust reposed in you. 

By order of the Congress, 


Samuel Freeman, Secretary, P. T. 

In Congress.— The delegates of the United Colonies of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Penn- 


large property. In 1780, his taxes were £94, Is. 6d, the highest 
tax paid in the town by any one person. He manifested great in- 

sylvania, the Counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex on Delaware, Mary- 
land Virginia North Carolina and South Carolinia, to Samuel Leighton, 
Esquire We, reposing especial trust and confidence in your patriotism, 
valor, conduct and fidelity, do by these presents constitute and appoint you to 
be Gaptam of a company in the Thirtieth Regiment, commanded by Col 
Scamraon, in tlie array of the United Colonies, raised for the defense of 
American liberty and for repelling every hostile invasion thereof. You are 
therefore, carefully and diligently to discharge the duty of Captain, by doing 
and performing all manner of things thereunto belonging. And we do strictly 
charge and require all officers and soldiers under your command to be obedi- 
ent to your orders as Captain, and you are to observe and folloxv such orders 
and directions, from time to time, as you shall receive from this or a future 
Congress of the United Colonies, or Committee of Congress, for that purpose 
appointed, or Commander-in-Chief for the time being of the army of the 
United Colonies, or any other your superior officers, according to the rules and 
discipline of war, in pursuance of the trust reposed in you. This commission 
to continue in force until revoked by this or a future Congress. 
By order of the Congress, 

Attest July 1st, 1775 : President. 

Chas. Thomson, Secretary. 

Colony of the Massa- The major part of the Council of the Massachusetts 
ehusetts Bay. Bay in New England : 

Samuel Leighton, Gentleman, Greeting : 

You being appointed Captain of the Seventh Com- 
pany, of the Second Regiment of Militia in the County 
of York, whereof John Frost, Esq., is Colonel ; by 
James Otis, virtue of the power vested in us, we do by these pre- 

W. Spooner, sents, reposing special trust and confidence in your 

Caleb Cushing, loyalty, courage and good conduct, commission you 

B. Chadbourn, accordingly. You are, therefore, carefully and dili- 

JoHN Whitcomb, gently to discharge the duty of a Captain, in leading, 

Jedh. Foster, ordering and exercising said company in arms, both 

Eld AD Taylor, inferior officers and soldiers, and to keep them in good 

S. Houlton, order and discipline, and are hereby commanded 

Jabez Fisher, to obey you as their Captain, and you are yourself to 

B. White, observe and follow sucli orders and instructions as you 

John Winthrop, shall from time to time receive from the major part of 

B. Lincoln, the Council or your superior officers. 

Moses Gill, Given under our hands and the seal of the said 

J. Palmer, Colony, at Watertown, the twenty-ninth day of April, 

Mich'l Farley. in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred 

and seventy-six. 
By the Command of the major part of the Council, 

Dept. Secy. 
York, ss.. May 16, 1776. 

Then Cai)tain Samuel Leighton, within named, made solemn oath that he 
will honestly, faithfully and impartially execute all duties of the office within 
mentioned, according to the best of his will and abilities. 

Before us, 




terest in the war of 
the request of Gen. 

the Revolution. He raised a company at 
Jos. Warren, and marched to Watertown, 

State of Massachttsetts 

] SEAL i 

B. Greenleaf, 
Caleb Cushing, 


Rich'd Derby, Jr. 
T. Cushing, 
John Whitcomb, 
Eldad Taylor, 
B. VVhite, 
Benj. Austin. 
Henry Gardner, 
Ebenezer Thayer, 
Dan'l Davis, 
D. Hopkins, 
Moses Gill, 
John Taylor. 

Tlie major part of the Council of the Massucbusetts 

Bay in New England : 
To Samuel Leu/hton, Oentkman, greetinrj : 

You being appointed Captain of a company, 
drafted out of the militia of this State for the 
defense of this Government, and witliin the 
J™its of the same, in the regiment whereof 
Ebenezer Francis is Colonel, by" virtue of the 
power vested in us, we do by these presents (re- 
posmg special trust and confidence in your loyalty, 
courage and good conduct) commission you ac- 
cordmgly. You are, therefore, carefully and dili- 
gently to discharge the duties of a Captain, in 
leading, ordering and exercising said company in 
arms, both inferior officers and soldiers, and to 
keep them in good order and discipline. And they 
are hereby commanded to obey you as their Captain, 
and you are yourself to observe and follow such 
orders and instructions as yon shall from tim*^ to 
time receive from the major part of the Council or 
your superior officers. 

Given under our hands and the seal of the said 
State at Watertown, the twenty-sixth day of Sep- 
tember, in the year of our Lord, 1776. 

By the command of the maior part of the Council, 
Bepy. Secy. 

State of Massachusetts The major part of the Council of Massachusetts 
Bay. Bay in New England : 

To Samuel Leighton, Esquire, greeting : 

You being appointed Second Major of the Sec- 
ond Regiment of Militia in the County of York, 
whereof Ichabod Goodwin is Colonel, by virtue of 
the power vested in us we do by these presents, 
and reposing special trust and confidence in your 
loyalty, courage and good conduct, commission you 
accordingly. You are, therefore, carefully and dili- 
gently to discharge the duty of a Second Major, 
in leading, ordering and exercising said regiment 
in arms, both inferior officers and soldiers, and to 
keep them in good order and discipline ; and they 
are hereby commanded to obey you as their Second 
Major, and you are j'ourself to observe and follow 
such orders and instructions as you shall from time 
to time receive from the major part of the Council 
or your superior officers. 

Given under our hands antl the seal of the said 
State at Watertown. the tenth day of June, in the 
year of our Lord, 1778. 

By order of the major part of the Council, 

JOHN AVERY, Dep. Secy. 

The original commissions are in the possession of Col. George E. Leighton, 
of St. Louis, Mo. 

•j SEAL > 

Levi Powell, 
Artemus Ward, 
Walter Spooner, 
J. Cushing, 
Caleb C. Spring, 
B. White, 
H. Gardner, 
D. Hopkins, 
N. Cushing, 
Jeptha Stone, 
Oliver Prescott, 
I. Pitts, 

Oliver Wendell, 
A. Fuller, 
Sam Niles. 


where the Revolutionary army assembled. He held a captain's 
commission and was at the battle of Bunker Hill, and also Dorches- 
ter Heights, in Col. Francis' regiment. The compiler of this work 
has in his possession a memorandum book in which he kept a daily 
record while he was with his company, from May 29, 1775, to 
Auo-ust 9, 1776, He was commissioned major in 1778. He was a 
farmer and resided at Eliot. 

His children were : 
45-1-1. JoH< b. Oct. 18, 1768, at Eliot, Me.; d. June 14, 1854, at 

Lincoln, Me. Married Sarah Parsons. 
46-1-2. Maey^ b. Jan. 8, 1770; d. May 30, 1853 Married Joseph 
Jordan, the third son of Judge Rishworth Jordan, of Bidde- 
ford. Me. 
47+3. Samuel Je.^ b. May 25, 1771; d. Oct., 1848. Married Fran- 
ces Usher Parson. 
48+4. Abigail^ b. Nov. 7, 1772. Married Timothy Lancton, son 
of Rev. Samuel Lancton, pastor of the church at York, 1754 
to 1794. 
49+5. Sakah Frost^, b. May 25, 1774; d. 1869. Married Joshua 
Bragdon of Wells, Me., son of Captain Joshua Bragdon who 
commanded a company from Wells in Colonel Scammon's 
regiment at Bunker Hill. 
50 6. Elizabeth^, b. Sept. 23, 1777. Married Elias Davis, of 

Portsmouth, N. H. 
51+7. Jane=^, b. June 25, 1779. Married Peltiah Ricker of Parsons- 
field, Me., son of Joseph and Deborah (Wentworth) Ricker. 
She was a daughter of Deacon Samuel Wentworth of Berwick. 
52+8. George^ b. Feb. 27, 1782. Moved to Newport, R. L 
53+9. Hannah^ b. Dec. 7, 1783. Married Maj. Wm. Mclntyre. 


T0BIAS\ Tobias', Jo/m\ William'), born August 31, 1742, at 
Kittery; died 1818, at Harmony, Me.; married at Kittery, 1763, Mary 
Wooster; after her death he married Sarah Martin ; moved to Har- 
mony in June, 1800. He was a farmer and his children were : 
54+ 1. Tobias Jr ^, b. June 7, 1764. 
55+ 2. William^ b. Nov. 27, 1766. 
56+ 3. STEPHEN^ b. April 19, 1769. 
57+ 4. James^ b. Jan. 10, 1772; d. 1827. 
68 5. Sarah*, b. Dec. 8, 1774; d. in infancy. 


59 6. Betsey^ b. Oct. 19, 1777; cl. young. 

60-f- 7. Samuel^, b. July 14, 1780. 

61-j- 8. Susannah^, b. Aug. 20, 1783. 

62-f- 9. Charles^ b. Sept, 2, 1785. 

63 10. Mary\ b. July 13, 1788; d. at Harmony, 1806, unmarried. 

CniLDKEisr OF Deacon William^ Leighton. 


WILLIAM^ {WilUam\ William', John\ William', born April 
29, 1751; died December 22, 1811. Married January 5, 1778, 
Mirriam, daughter of Capt. Dennis Fernald* of Kittery. She was 
a woman of great personal attractions in her youth, and in later 
years noted for her intelligence and strong womanly character as 
wife and mothei*. She was a granddaughter of Capt. Andrew Pep- 
perrell the brother of Sir William Pepperrell. She died March 5, 

He was a large landholder and farmer. To this he added a con- 
siderable business as tanner and currier, at a time when the slow 

* Fernald. — Captain Deunis Fernald, son of Capt. Tobias and Mary (Men- 
dum) Fernald, married Oct. 9, 1750, Sarah, daughter of Captain Charles* and 
Sarah (Pepperrell) Frost. He died Aug. 2, 1785, she died Aug. 24, 1804, leaving : 

1. Dennis, born June 24, 1751 ; died April 5. 1755. 

2. Andrew Pepperrell, born Feb. 26, 1753 ; died May 18, 1821. 

3. Charles, born Feb, 1, 1755 ; died Feb. 4, 1778. 

4. Dennis, born Sept. 29, 1757. 

5. Mirriam, born Dec. 12, 1760 ; married William Leighton. 

6. Sarah, born Dec. 24, 1763 ; married James Johnson. 

7. Mollie, born Jan. 26, 1766; married Oct. 12, 1789, Ralph T. Jordan. 

8. Robert, born March 6, 1768 ; settled in Shapleigh, Me. 

9. Margery, born June 24, 1770; died unmarried. 

Sarah Pepperrell wife of Charles Frost% was a daughter of Captain Andrew 
and Jane (Eliot) Pepperrell, and was born Dec. 14, 1708 ; married Sept. 12. 1723. 
Tlie sister of Sarah was Margery, born March 25, 1712, who married Capt. 
William son of Lieut. -Gov. John Wentworth, the royalist. They were the only 
children of Capt. Andrew Pepperrell, the brother of Sir William. Jane Eliot 
(wife of Captain Andrew Pepperrell) was a daughter of Robert Eliot of New 
Castle, who was an eminent merchant ?.nd member of the Provincial Council of 
New Hampshire for many years prior to 1700 and was sister of Robert Eliot of 
Kittery, graduate of Harvard college, 1701. It is from this Robert Eliot that 
the town of Eliot takes its name, as do many of his descendants in the Leigh- 
ton, Frost and connected families. 


process of tanning required two or three years. He was also engaged 
largely in the transportation of goods from Portsmouth (there was 
no bridge then) to Leighton's Fort, Eliot in gondolas, and thence 
into the back country of Maine and New Hampshire by ox teams 
which he employed in large numbers. His business was extensive 
in all these industries, and he owned lands and mill properties in 
Eliot, Shapleigh, Alfred and other towns. He was prominent in all 
town affairs — progressive and enterprising, and for the period a man 
of large wealth. He resided at Eliot. 

His children were: 

64 1. MIRRIAM", b. December 30, 1778. Married 1798, Cotton 

Chase of York, Me. Resided York, Me. She d. Her 
children were : 

65 1. Josiah\ b. Nov. 3, 1799; d. July 24, 1853. Married Mary 


66 2. WilUam\h. Nov. 7, 1802; d. Sept. 12, 1844. Married 

Harriet Perkins. 

67 3. 3Iirriam\ b. Nov. 27, 1807; d. Sept. 12, 1838. 

68 4. CoUo)i\ b. Aug. 10, 1809; d. Feb. 14, 1874. Married 

Deborah Stewart, of Wells. 

69 5. Charles', b, June 3, 1811; d. Aug. 9, 1814. 

70 6. Edward?, b. Jan. 15, 1814; d. Aug. 14, 1864. Married 

Louisa Bragdon, of York. 

71 7. Charles', b. May 22, 1819. Married Mary Plaisted of 


72 8. Sally J.', b. Dec, 1821; d. Sept., 1823. 

73 2. MARY", b. Nov. 20, 1780; d. Marcli 27, 1873, Married Benj. 

Kennard of Eliot, July 14, 1805. Their children were : 

74 1. William, Leighton\ b. May 25. 1806. Married Mary E. 

Frost, June 6, 1832. She d. Jan. 14, 1879. Their children 

75 1. Edward A?, b. July 16, 1833. 

76 2. Emily F.\ b. Feb. 21, 1835. 

77 3. Sarah A.\ b. May :o, 1838. 

78 4. Clara B.\ b. May 20, 1840. 

79 5. Charles TF.®, b. July 20, 1842. 

80 6. Lizzie M.\ b. Aug. 9, 1845. 

81 7. George E.\ b. April 2, 1849; d. July 24, 1850. 

82 8. George F.\ b. June 20, 1851. 

83 9. Frank E.\ b. Jan. 10, 1857. 

84 2. Elizabeth', b. Nov. 13, 1808. Married Stephen Green. 

85 3. Mirriam L.\ b. Dec. 18, 1811. Married Samuel Staples. 

86 4. ijfar^/are^^ b. June 16, 1815. Married Moses Goodwin. 

87 5. Benjannn\ b. Oct. 15, 1818; unmarried. 


88 6. Sarah\ b. Jan. 19, 1823; d. in infancy 

89 3. SARAHS b. Aug. 13, 1782; d. Dec. 15, 1863. Married Capt. 

William Harrold, who died without children. Married 2d, 
Match 15, 1815, Samuel Bradbury, of York, Me. Their 
children were: 

90 1. Charles Leif/hton\ b, Dec. 20, 1815; d. Feb. 17, 1882. 

Married Jan. 14, 1838, at Dover, N. H., Hannah Bear'bridge.' 
He lived at Charles town, Mass. 

91 2. Samuel Andrew\ b. April 15, 1817. Married Sept. 17, 

1840, Louisa Wild. Married 2d, Mary Walworth, of 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

92 3. Mirricun Sarah\ b. June 20, 1819. Married Nov, 5, 1843, 

John Terry. 

93 4. Cotton- Chase' , b. Aug. 18, 1822. Married May 28, 1848, 

Rebecca Brewer. Married 2d, Anna E, Bancroft, of 
Boston, Mass. 

94 5. Joh7i William\ b. Dec. 12, 1827. Married Nov. 22, 1856, 

Anna E. Wells of Petersburgh, Va. Residence Peters- 
burgh, Va. 

95 4. WILLIAM", b. Sept. 21, 1784 ; d. at St. Ubes, Portugal. 


96 5. MARGERY*, b. May 9, 1788; d. 1888, at Eliot. Married Sejit. 

17, 1810, William Kennard of Eliot, Maine; he d. 1839. 
Farmer. Residence Eliot. Their children were : 

97 1. William Ijeight07i\\). 5\\\j 2^,\%\\. Printer. Residence 

Cambridge, Mass. 

98 2. Be)ijamin\ b. July 6, 1818. Married July 13, 1844, at 

West Springfield, Mass., Lydia A. Kneeland. Printer. 
Residence Cambridge. Children: 

99 1. Marion IsahelU, b. June 15, 1845; d. April 12, 1848. 

.^' t twin daughters d. in infancy. 

102 4. Benjamin C}, b. May 30, 1849. Married at Meriden, 

Conn., Justina C. Baldwin. Clerk. Residence Meriden, 
Conn. His children are: 

103 1. HeUn-Maxf, b. Oct. 18, 1876. 

104 2. Benjamin Leighton^, b. Dec. 22, 1878. 

105 5. Charles Irv in g\ b. Dec. 22, 1852; d. 1857. 
100 6. Eva Josephine^, b. Dec, 1855; d. 1857. 

1U7 7. Elizabeth Afi7ia\ b. May 10, 1858; unmarried. 

108 3. Caroline Rebecca\ m. George M. Bernard of Cincin- 

nati, Ohio. 

109 6. JONATHAN^, b. July 7, 1790; d. Sept., 1790. 

110 7. ABIGAIL", b. Aug. 4, 1791; d. July 24, 1825. Married, 

July 26, 1821, at Eliot, Ralph T. Jordan, Jr., of Biddeford. 
Her children were : 

111 1. AUgaiV, b. Sept., 1823; d. July 24, 1825. 

112 2. AbigaiV, b. July 21, 1825; d. August 4, 1825, 


113 8. ANDREW, b. June 9,, 1V93, at Eliot; d. Aug. 31, 1882. 

Married January, 1814, Sarah C, daughter of William 
Odionie,* of Portsmouth, N. H., (b. Marcli, 1794; d. July 6, 
1868, at Eliot). He was an intelligent farmer, a great reader 
lover of books, and kept up with the times in all public 
affairs. He frequently represented liis district in the State 
Legislature, and was State Senator for a number of years. 
He was the first Free Soil Senator in the Maine Legislature. 
Residence, Eliot, Maine. His children were: 

114 1. William W.', b. Dec. 26, 1815; married, Sept. 2, 1844, 

Susan, daughter of Moses Hall, of Auburn, New Hamp- 
shire. Manufacturer of Edge Tools. Residence, Man- 
chester, New Hampshire He served an apprenticeship 
with Samuel G. Underhill, tool manufacturer, Boston, 
and carried on the business at Auburn, Nevv Plampshire, 
for thirteen years. He held various offices of trust 
and was Representative in the Legislature. Subsequently 
he carried on the same business in Manchester for seven 
years. He was foreman in the Amoskeag Axe Works 
for eight years, and of the Underhill Edge Tool Manu- 
factory, Nashua, New Hampshire, for five years. His 
children are: 

115 1. Isabel K.«, b. Feb. 1, 1846, at Auburn, New Hamp- 


116 2. Charles 0.^ b. May 13, 1851, at Manchester, New 

Hampshire. Resides at Newark, New Jersey. 

117 2. MiRRiAM^ b. May 7. 1819; d. Nov. 9, 1876. Married, 

Nov. 27, 1849, William Hill, of Eliot. Children: 

118 1. mia y>VMce^ b. Sept. 19, 1850. Married, Nov. 29, 1877, 

Homer H. Hobbs, ot Berwick. Children: 

119 1. Grace^, b. Dec. 2, 1878. 

120 2. J/ma;n«, b. May 3, 1884. 

121 2. John Fremonf , b. Oct. 29, 1855. Married, May 19, 

1880, Lizzie G., daughter oif Hon. P. O. Vickery, of 
Augusta, Maine. Resides at Augusta, Maine, and has 
one child : 

122 1. Percey\ b. March 16, 1881. 

123 3. Lizzie Ransom\ b. March 23, 1857. Married Dec. 

18, 1883, W. L. Hobbs, of Dover, New Hampshire. 

124 4. Howard\ b. Dec. 5, 1861; d. Jan. 2, 1863. 
Lucy', b. May 6, 1821; married Timothy Ferguson. Mar- 
ried 2d, Geo. M. Stevens, of Andover, New Hampshire. 
Resides at Petersboro, New Hampshire. 

125 3. 

*OnroRNE- William Odiorne was the grandson of Jotham Odiorne of New 
C^stle^who married Mehitable Cutts, daughter of Robert Cutts of Kiltery. Dec. 


126 4. Charles', b. June 9, 1822. Physician. Resides at Sink- 
ing bprings, Highland County, Oliio. 

12 7 5. AuGUSTusLoRD^ b. Nov. 2, 1825. Civil and Mining En- 
gineer. Resides at Iowa Hill, California. 

128 6. Charlotte Lord\ b. Oct. 25, 1829; d. July 21 1847 

129 7. Mary H.', b. Sept. 24, 1831. Married William Pool, of 

Saco, Maine. Resides at Seattle, Washington Terri- 

130 8. Catherine', b. March 10, 1834. Married Eli Lamprey. 

Resides at Newburyport, Mass. They have one child- 

131 . 1. Catherine Jf.« 

132 9. Sarah H.', b. March 22, 1839; m. 1859, H. Frank 

Donnell, of Wells, Me., and resides in East Boston; their 
children are: 

133 1. Augustus^, b. Dec. 28, 1861. 

134 2. Maria K.\ b, Nov. 11, 1866. 

135 3. Virginian^, b. Sept. 25, 1873. 

136 4. Edgar E?, b. May 12, 1882. 

137 9. Charles", b. March 4, 1795; d. at New Orleans, La., 


138 10. Nathaniel^ b. Sept. 22, 1797; d. at sea, 1845. 

139 11. Elizabeth", b. March 14, 1800. Married Washington 

Remick, of Eliot. 

140 12. ELIOT", b. June 20, 1802, at Kittery now Eliot, Me.; d. 

Jan. 15, 1868, at Cincinnati, Ohio. Married, March 23, 1831. 
at Boston, Elizabeth A., daughter of John Nason* of Eliot 
(b. March 23, 1810; d. April 19, 1883). 

At the age of 17 he went to Portsmouth, N. H., where he 
remained until about 1825, then removing to Boston. In 
1832 he settled in Cambridge. In 1836 he engaged in busi- 
ness in Cin(nnnati, visiting that city annually until 1844, 
when he finally removed with his family to that city. He 
remained in active business as a merchant in that city 
until his death in January, 1868. He was a man of great 
energy, of high personal character, with a scrupulous sense 
of personal and mercantile honor, and was held in great 
respect throughout his entire life. His children were: 

141 1. Charles Henry', b. April 6, 1832, at Cambridge, Mass., 

d. Aug. 9, 1866, at Cincinnati. Married, Sept. 8, 1863, 
Mary Floyd. Children : 

142 1. Alice^ b. May 28, 1864. 

143 2. Charles^ b. July 7, 1866; d. May 18, 1868. 

* Nason.— John Nason born April 19, 1775, died Oct. 30, 1830, married Aug. 
17, 1802, Maiy H. Tetherly (born Jan. 4, 1780). He was a son of James and 
Lydia (Kennard) Nason, born 1745, died Feb. 16, 1811. He was a descendant of 
Richard Nason, who signed the submission to Massachusetts in 1652, and had 
a grant of land in 1654 of 200 acres. 


144 2. George ELIOT^ b. March 1, 1835, at Cambridge, Mass. 
Married at St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 21, 1862, Isabella, 
daughter of Hon. Hudson E. Bridge, of St. Louis (b. Oct. 
21, 1841), residence St. Louis. Removing to Cincinnati in 
October, 1844, was educated there. He studied law and at 
the age of 21 was admitted to the bar in the state and 
United States courts. Removed to St. Louis in 1858, he 
entered upon his profession in that city and was City 
Counsellor. In 18G1 he took an active part in organizing 
the Union troops, serving under Gen. Lyon as lieutenant 
in 3d Mo. Reserves; served afterwards as major in the 
6th and 12th Mo. Cavalry, and colonel of the Vth En- 
rolled Mo. Infantry. He was in 1862 in command 
of the city under Maj. Gen. Halleck and provost marshal 
general of the St. Louis Division in the Missouri district. 
Resuming his profession at the close of the war, he be- 
came chief counsel of the Missouri Pacific railroad and 
other corporations ; was admitted in the Supreme Court 
of the United States, and continued to practice in the 
State and United States Courts, chiefly in railroad and 
corporation cases, until 1874, when he retired from his 
profession to enter upon mercantile pursuits. Col. Leigh- 
ton has, since 1874, been president of the Mercantile Bank, 
a director in the Central Elevator Company, in the St. 
Louis Bridge Company, in the St. Charles Bridge Com- 
pany, president of the Tudor Iron Works, and is now 
(1884) president of the Bridge & Beach Manufacturing 
Company. He is also president of the Missouri Histor- 
ical Society, in which he takes an active interest, and an 
honorary member of several other state societies ; a 
member of the Board of Directors of Washington Uni- 
versity, of the Board of Control of the St. Louis School 
of Fine Arts, and a trustee of Bellefontaine cemetery. 
He is vice-president of the St. Louis Commercial Club, 
aind a director in several railway, banking, trust and 
manufacturing companies. He is also a member of the 
Union League Club, in New York, and of the Bar Asso- 
ciation of St. Louis. He has been prominent in various 
educational and benevolent organizations, and has de- 
livered a number of addresses and published a number 
of reports and papers, chiefly upon municipal or historical 
subjects. He possesses one of the largest private libraries 
in the West, and the department especially relating to the 
discovery and exploration of the Mississippi Valley under 
the French and Spanish dominion, collected by him with 
great care in this country and in Europe, is believed 
to be the most extensive upon that subject in the country. 
He has one child: 


145 1. George Bridge^, b. July 19, 1864, at St. Louis, Mo. 

Studied in St. Louis, New York and Paris, and entered 
Harvard University, 1884 (class of 1888).' 

146 3. Horace M.^ b Dec. 29, 1843, at Cambridge, Mass.; re- 

moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, 1844. Married, May 28, 1868, 
Lillie May Hervey (b. Feb. 20, 1850). Merchant, resi- 
dence Cincinnati. He entered the Union army at the age 
of 18 as lieutenant in the 3d Missouri Infantry, and 
served with the 14th Army Corps (Gen. Sherman) in the 
Vicksburg, Tennessee and Georgia campaigns. His 
children are: 

147 1, Horace Eliot*, b. June 11, 1869. 

148 2. Nathaniel^ b. May 20, 1875. 

- 36 - 

CATHARINE^ {William^ William^ John\ William'), born 
August 29, 1752, at Kittery, Me.; died May 25, 1810. Married 
November 17, 1768, at Kittery, Dependence Shapleigh, of Kittery 
(born 1744; died Dec. 6, 1812). He was an enterprising and active 
merchant at Eliot. Their children were: 

149 1. Johii\ b. March 16, 1769; d. April 1, 1847. 

150 2. Mary'', b. Nov. 9, 1770. Married, Oct. 5, 1788, Maj. 

Joseph Frost * 

151 3. Sarah\ b. Feb. 28, 1773. Married Oct. 16, 1792, Stephen 


152 4. William\ b. March 2, 1775; d. May 22, 1859. 

153 5. Dorcas\ b. Dec. 3, 1776: d. 1777. 

154 6. Nicholas^ b. May 9, 1778; d. May 22, 1844. 

155 7. Dorcai, b. Aug. 2, 1780; d. Dec. 1, 1840. 

156 8. Dependence Ji\\ b. Sept. 23, 1782. 

157 9. Alice'^, h. Feb. k5, 1785; in. Moses Goodwin. 

158 10. Tohiai, b. May 28, 1787; d. Nov. 3, 1819. 

159 11. James^, b. May 20, 1789; d. young. 

160 12. Catherine^ b. Sept. 26, 1790; d. May 25, 1810. 

161 13. James\ b. March 29, 1793; d. Dec. 2, 1875. 


SARAH^ ( William', William', John\ William'), born November 
2, 1753. Married December 16, 1773, at Eliot, Capt. William Raitt. 
Their children were: 

162 1. John^, m. March, 

163 2. William^, resided at Saco. 

164 3. George'^, m. Shorey. 

* Note.— Sou of Jolm Frost (see Frost note). 


165 4. Isabel^, m. William Shapleigh. 

166 5. Sarah^, m. James Jenkins. 

167 6. Mirriam^, m. Mark Remick, 

168 7. Olive^, m. Joseph Emery. 


MARY^ {William\ Willlmn', John\ William}), born May 17, 
1755. Married November 12, 1772, John, son of John H. Bartlett. 
They had two sons: 

169 1. Jbhn^, lived and died at Shapleigh, Me. 

170 2. William^, lived and died at Shapleigh, Me, 


ABIGAIP {William', William\ John\ William^), born April 
8, 1757, at Eliot; died September, 1840. Married October 17, 1776, 
John Fogg, of Eliot, born Sept. 17, 1750; died April 8, 1827. Their 
children were : 

171 1. Abigail^, b. Dec. 22, 1777; d. Marcb 22, 1825. 

172 2. Elizabeth\ b. Feb., 1780. Married Nov. 28, 1799, Nathaniel 


173 3. John\ b. Feb. 8, 1783. Married March 28, 1805, his 

cousin Mary Staples. 

174 4. Mary\ b. Aug. 23, 1785. Married March 17, 1814, Samuel 

Kennard, of Litchfield, N. H. 

169 5. James\ b. July 21, 1788; d. Oct. 25, 1798. 

170 6. William\^ b. Nov. 3, 1790. Married June 16, 1821, Betsey 

D.Hill. ^ 

171 7. Joseph^ b. March 3, 1793; d. Aug. 4, 1874, ) . , 

172 8. Nancy\ b. March 29, 1795; d. May 21, 1857, \ """larried. 

173 9. Mirriani\ b. Oct. 3, 1797; d. April 21, 1883. Married 

Dec. 26, 1825, Nathaniel Kennard. 


JONATHAN^ ( m7^mm^ William', John\ TFeV/mm^), born Janu- 
ary 17, 1760; died November, 2, 1782, at West Point, N. Y., while 
serving in the army of the Revolution. 


EUNICE^ ( William\ William\ John\ William^), born August 

13, 1761; died ,1842. Married November 26, 1778, John 

Stacy, of Kittery. 

* FoGG.-William=, was the father of Dr. John S. H. Fogg of Boston (Bow- 
\^}''. l.^'l^. Harvard, 1850) member of the New England Hist. Gen. Soc. the 
Virgmia Hist. Soc. and corresponding member of the Maine Hist Soc 



ELIZABETff (Waiiam\ William\ John\ William^), l.orn 
April 19, 1763; d. January 17, 1819. Married .Vpril 4, 178'2, Nathan- 
iel Staples; resided at Kittery. Children : 

177 1. Nathaniel^, h. March, 1783. 

178 2. William^, d. young. 

179 3. Mary\_ h. July 30, 1786. Married March 23, 1805, her 

cousin John Fogg. 

180 4. Abigail^ b. May 16, 1788. Married Edward Simpson. 

181 5. Olive\ b. April 25, 1793. Married Waite Fernald* d 


182 6. William^ b. Oct. 25, 1795; graduated at Bowdoin Colleo-e- 

died 1820. ° ' 

183 7. Mirriam\h. May 25, 18()0. Married VVentworth Fernald- 

died , 1834. • ' 

184 8. Samuel F.\ b. July 5, 1803. Married his cousin Mirriani S. 



JOHN^ ( Willia77i\ William^, John', Willimn^), b. November 18, 
1765 at Eliot, died May 4, 1825. Mairied October 21, 1778, 
Joanna Donald, of York (born 1766), and had children : 

186 1. SoPHIA^ b. Nov. 28, 1789; d. Dec. 23, 1823. Married 

Oliver Teevett, of Kittery. 

187 2. Jonathan*, b. Sept. 4, 1790; d. at Eliot, Nov. 16, 1858. 

Married Sarah Knight. Resided at Eliot, Me. His 
children were : 

Olive', b. Dec, 1813, d. , 1814. 

Sophia', b. Nov., 1815. Married John D^-er. 

Elizabeth', b. April 19, 181«. Married Benjamin Crane. 

Daniel K.', b. June 13, 1820; d. 1851. 
5. Adaline', b. Aug. 18, 1822; died 1845. 

John W.', b, 1825. 

Edwin', b. June 19, 1827. 

Sarah A.', b. April, 1829; d. 1842. 

Augustus', b. Feb. 18, 1831. 

Haekiet', b. Feb. 1833. 
William^ b. March 10, 1793; died iMarch 29, 1858. 
Married Marcli 20, 1824, Rebecca D., daughter of Ezekiel 
Walker, of Boston (born Feb. 29, 1795). He resided at 
Eliot. His children were: 

* Fernald. — Sou of Willlani Weutworth and Waite (Salisbury) Feruald. He 
was SOD of John and Sarah (Wentworth) Fernald. Sarah was the daughter of 
Capt. William Weutworth and Margery Pepperell, uiece of Sir Wm. Pepperell. 
See Fernald note. 






















3. W 


199 1. Rebecca', b. June 25, 1826; d. Feb. 8, 1878. Married 

Sept. 15, 1851, Pierpont Hammond, of Eliot (b. May 25, 

200 1. Mnma i.^ b. April 8, 1856. 

201 2. George W.\ b. July 12, 1827, at Eliot. Married Feb. 4, 

1867, Isabel, daughter of Nathaniel Hanscom, of Eliot 
(b. April 9, 1830; d. Oct. 11, 1859). 

202 1. George W.^ b. Jan. 3, 1859 ; d. Oct. 11, 1880. 

203 3. William W.', b. Dec. 12, 1829; d. Oct. 15, 1850. 

204 4. Mary", b. Feb. 27, 1797; d. Aug. 9, 1S49. Married 

1847, Stephen Green, of Eliot, manufacturer. Their 
children are: 

205 1. George'. 

206 2. Mariha\ 

207 6. Hannah", b. May 8, 1799: d. Nov. 21, 1860. Married 

Japhet Emery, of Eliot. Child: 

208 1. John Leighton\ 

209 6. Caroline T.^ b. May 7, 1801. Married 1st, Oliver Tee- 

vett; 2d, William Raitt. 

210 7. Nathaniel D.", b. Nov. 21, 1803; d. Aug. 23, 1834. 

211 8. Oliver T.«, b Aug. 13, 1806; d. Aug. 10, 1874, at Eliot. 

Married 1 at, Mary J. Dixon; 2d, Susan B.Kendall. He 
resided at New Ipswich, N. H. Farmer. Children: 

212 1. Mary J.', b. Jan. 15, 1848. Married Chas. R. Baker. 

213 2. John E.\ b. Aug. 21, 1849. Married Florence Prootor; 

resides Somerville, Mass. Child: 

214 1. Flore \CE BELLE^ 

215 3. Oliver W.', b. Oct. 5, 1851. Married Louisa Needham; 

resides Westminster, Mass. Children : 

216 1. Guy OLIVER^ b. Feb. 27, 1879. 

217 2. Frederick William^ b. 1882. 

CiiiLDREisr OF John'^ Leighton. 

-45- . 

JOHN^ (Samuel', John, Jr.\ John\ William^) ',hoxxi October 16, 
1768, at Kittery. Me ; died June 14, 1854, at Lincoln, Me. Married 
, 1795, Sarah, daughter of William Parsons*, of Alfred, Me. 

* PARSONs.-Wilham Parsons, of Alfred, Me., son of Rev. Joseph and Frances 
(Usher) Parsons, of Biddeford, married Abigail Frost Blount, daughter of Rev 
John Blount and granddaughter of Hon. John Frost and Mary Pepperrel) (sister 
of Sn- William). Mrs. Parsons died July 4, 1818. Their children.were • 

1. Josepn, born Nov. 21, 1769 ; married Charlotte Sargent. 

2. Sarah, born Oct. 6, 1771 ; married John Leighton^ 

3. Abigail Frost, born July 12, 1773 ; married Daniel Lewis 


She was born Oct. 6, 1771, at Alfred; died Dec. 20, 1855, at Lin- 
coln, Me. He first settled in the town of Shapleigh, Me., wliero all 
his children were born. He was representative from that town in 
1809 to the General Assembly at Boston He visited Europe twice 
on business in the early part of the century, and traveled exten- 
sively in England and Scotland on foot. He was a man of strong 
constitution and great physical endurance. He was over six feet in 
height and well proportioned, and weighed 240 pounds when over 
80 years of age. His children were: 

218 1. Samuel**, b. Nov. 27, 1796; d. Dec. 8, 1797, at Shap- 
leigh, Me. 

219 2- AB^GAIL^ b. Feb., 1799; d. Dec. 24, 1855, at Lincoln. She 
m. Capt. Bradstreet Fox. Her children are: 

220 1. JosepK. 

221 2. Sylvester\ 

222 3 Sakah PARSONS^ b. Nov. 24, 1800; d March 25, 1881, at 

223 4. John Jr.«, b. March 4, 1802; d. Nov. 10, 1884, at Lincoln. 
He married Nov., 1837, at Topsham, Me., Thankful W. 
Godfrey. Shed. xMay 26, 1841, at Lincoln, xMe., leaving 
one child: 

224 1. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Nov. 8, 1838, at Havre de Grace, 
Maryland; d. March 30, 1876, at Lincoln, Me. She mar- 
ried 1st, 1861, Capt. Whitehouse, who was lost at sea; 
2d, Fairfield Pratt, who died 1868. She had one child: 

225 1. Grace F. Pratt^. 

226 5. Eliza*, b. Aug. 11, 1804; died May 27, 1852, at Lincoln, 
Me. Married Thos. F. Hall, of Belfast, Me., who died 
November 14, 1852, at Lincoln. Her children were: 

227 1. Sarah Parsons', b. July 29, 1838. Married Samuel C 
Ramsdell, of Lincoln. Her children were: 

228 1. Laura E\ b. March 19, 1857. Married September 
22, 1882, Charles E. Plumley, of Lincoln. Merchant. 
They had one child: 

229 1. Ralph A\ died in infancy. 

4. John, born Sept. 8, 1775, at Alfred. ^ 

5. Frances Usher, born Jan. 14, 1778 ; married Gen. Samuel Leighton . 

6. William, born Jan. 14, 1780; died Oct. 8, 1864. 

7. Thomas, born Jan. 21, 1783. 

8. Samuel, born March 6, 1785. 

9. Dr. Usher, born Aug. 18, 1788 ; died Dec. 19. 1868. He was the author of 
the Life of Sir Wm. Pepperrell, and of many interesting memoirs ^ml ^^^oru=^ 
papers published in the Hist, and Genealogical Register^ He .s ^^^^'^^^^^^ 
of a narrative of the Naval Battle on Lake Erie, m which he was surgeon ou 
the Lawrence, Commodore Perry's flag-ship. 


230 2. Frederick H}, b. Aug. 11, 1861. 

231 3. Mahel\ born April 19, 1863; d Aug. 19, 1864. 

232 4. Charles A.\ b. April 6, 1865. 

233 5. WiUiam\ b. Nov. 25, 1869. 

234 6. Usher Parsons\ b. Miiy 29, 1872. 

235 v. Faucett Ifabel^, b. August 3, 1875. 

236 8 Linwood Leighton^, b Aug. 1, 1878. 

237 2. Mary E\ b. June 27, 1840. Married March 1st, 1860, 

at Bangor, Me, Merritt Jordan, Artist (born July 3, 
1812; died June 4, 1877, at Auburn Me.) Their child- 
ren were: 

238 1. Frank M.\ b. March 24, 1861. 

239 2. Eena 3Iay\ b. July 22, 1864. 

240 3. Georgiana\ b. Sept. 5, 1865 Married May 1, 1884, 

Clarence Averill, of Lee, Me. 

241 .3. Charles F.\ b. April 28, 1842; d. in the array Sept. 3, 


242 4. Emma A.\ b. Sept. 26, 1845. Married Nov. 18, 1865, Ad- 

dison P. Reed, of Lincoln Me. He died March 15, 1876. 
Resided at Howard City, Michigan. Their children are: 

243 1. Charles m 

244 2. Cora C^ 

245 3. Herberf. 

246 4. Anna^. 

247 5. Franks 

247 5. John Zeighton\ b. Nov. 23, 1847. Resides at Silver 

Lake, Col. 

248 6. William Paesons", b. July 18, 1810. Residence, Lin- 

coln, Maine. 


MARY^* {Samuel\John Jr', John\ William'-), born Jan. 8, 1770, 
at Kittery, Me ; died May 30th, 1853, at the residence of her son, 
Joseph Jordan, at Passadurakeag, Me. Married January 22, 1789, 
at the home of her father Maj. Samuel Leighton, in Kittery, 
Joseph Jordan — third son of Judge Rishworth Jordan, of Bidde- 
ford (born February 7, 1759; settled at Hollis, Me., and died there 
March 2, 1820). Farmer. Residence Hollis, York Co., Maine. 
Their children were: 

249 1. Samuel\ b. Jan. 31, 1791; d. Sept. — , 1840. Married 

Abigail Webster, at Saco, Me. 

250 2. Eishworth\ b. June 27, 1796; d. June 27, 1871. Married 

Louisa Haley, of Scarborough, Me. 

251 3. Elizabeth^ b. March 20, 1798, unmarried. 

* Note.— For her descendants see Jordan Memorial 1883. pages 245 to 250. 


252 4. Joseph\ b. Jan. 26, 1802; unmarried. Residence Passa- 

dumkeag, Maine. 

253 5. TristariiFrosf,h. Sept. 30, 1804. Married 1831, Abifrail 

daughter of James Kimball, of Kennebunkport, Me. Re- 
sidence, Metuchen, N. J. 

254 6. Mary A.\ b. Jan. 5, 1807; died Oct. 24, 187G. Married 

1827, W. P. Baker, of Boston, Mass; he d. July 18, 1878. 

255 7. Jane Shannon^, b. Jan. 8, 1816. Married 1835, J. W. 

Hight, of Athens, Me. 


SAMUEL^ {Samuel\ John Jr.\ John\ William}), (called Gen. 
Samuel), born May 25, 1771, at Kittery; died October, 1848, at 
Alfred, Me. Married December, 1799, Frances Usher, daughter of 
William Parsons, of Alfred. She was born 1778, at Alfred, and 
died September 18, 1865, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. 
Frances Emerson, at^Pittsfield, N. H. He settled on the homestead 
farm of his father at Kittery, where all his children were born. He 
was a man of considerable prominence and influence, was represen- 
tative from his district to the General Assembly at Boston in 1809; 
was Justice of the Peace for thirty-five years, and was appointed 
Judge of the Court of Sessions of York county in 1820. He was 
active in military affairs, having been appointed ensign (by Gov. 
John Hancock), August 20, 1792; colonel in 1 800, and brigadier- 
general in June, 1813. His children born in Eliot were: 

256 1. JoH?^^ b. Oct. 7, 1800; d. Oct. 21, 1821. 

257 2. Frances'', b. Dec. 21, 1801. Married Benj Emerson, law- 

yer of Pittsfield, N. H. 

258 3. Samuel JR.^ b. Oct. 18, 1803; d. Feb. 14, 1844. 

259 4. William PARsoNS^ h. Dec. 31, 1804; d. March, 1829, at 

Cincinnati, Ohio. Married 1828, Rachel Van Houten, of 
New York city. They liad one child, b. 1829, who was 
drowned at Alfred, Me., 1835. 

260 5. MARy^ b. Aug. 27, 1806; d. May 12, 1884, at Norfolk, Va. 

Married 1839, at Alfred, Me., John H. Buruey, lawyer 
of Charlotte, N. C. They had no children. 

261 6. ONER^ b. Feb. 19, 1808; d. Dec. 30, 1810. 

262 7. Dr. Usher PARSONs^ b. March 16, 1810. at Eliot; d. Aug. 

26, 1878, at Kenton, Ohio. He m. Jan. 19, 1840, Ellen 
Houser, of Kenton (b. Sept. 7, 1822). He graduated at 
Brown University in 1835, and settled at Kenton m .March, 
1836, as a physician, and achieved a high rank in the pro- 
fession. Their children were: 

263 1 Samuel\ b. Nov. 19, 1840; d. May, 1841. 


264 2. GEORGE^ b. April 1«, 1842. Married Sarah Parsons, of 

Kennebunkport, Me. (b. Nov. 21, 1849). Farmer, re- 
sides at Keutou, Ohio. Children: 

265 1. Ann P.», b. Oct. 3, 1873. 

266 2. George P.^ b. May 23, 1876. 

267 3. Grace H.^ b. Jan. 22, 1878. 

268 3. Ann E.', b. June 14, 1844. Married Jan. 5, 1865, George 

E. Gregg. Resides at Pittsfield, N. H. Child: 

269 1. Frances L.^ 

270 4. Elizabeth', b. June, 1846; d. April, 1848. 

271 5. Martha Ellen', b. April 18, 1848. Married Dec. 7, 

1871, Benj. F. Bronson, of Patch Grove. Wis. (b. Sept. 
23,1841). Merchant. Residence Kenton, Ohio. Child- 

272 1. Leighton Jay^, b. Sept. 1, 1872. 

273 2. Usher Clarence^, b. Dec. \^, 1877. 

274 3. Edward Foster\ b. Dec. 17, 1879; d. March 18, 1881. 

275 4. Benj. Aloof, b. May 8, 1883. 

276 8. Oner", b. July 2, 1812; d. May 31, 1871, at Kenton, Ohio. 

Married Dr. William Jones, of Kenton. 

277 9. Ann Bell*', b. March 1, 1814; d. April 11, 1843. 

278 10. George Frost Blunt", b. July 21, 1816, at PZliot. Married 

Aug. 29, 1849, Emily H., daughter of Col. Joseph Glidden, 
of New Castle, Me. Resides at Norfolk, Va. He was a 
member of the teacher's class in the Boston Academy of 
Music, 1836 to 1840. Entered mercantile pursuits in Alfred, 
Me., 1844, but in 1845 removed to Wilmington, N. C. In 
Jan., 1850, removed to Georgetown, S. C. He was a mem- 
ber of the Town Council of Georgetown. He removed to 
Norfolk in 1866, became president of the Norfolk Horti- 
cultural and Pomological Society in 1867 and still holds 
that position (1884). In 1869 he was made vice-president 
for Virginia of the American Pomological Society, which 
he still holds. No children. 


ABIGAIL^ {Samuel*, John, Jr}, John^, William}), b. November 
19, 1772, at Kittery. Married January 10, 1793, Timothy Lancton, 
son of Rev. Samuel Lancton, of York, Me. Their children were: 

279 1. Samuel Leighton^, resided at Boston. 

280 2. Hannah^, resided at Lebanon, Me. 


SARAH FROST^ {Samuef, John Jr.\ John\ William'), born May 
25, 1774; d. Oct. 22, 1869. Married Feb, 1, 1795, Joshua Bragdon 
(born July 23, 1767). Residence Wells, Me. Their children were: 
282 1. Elizabeth P.\ b. June 6, 1796; d. April, 1861. 


283 2. George\ b. July 8, 1798; d. Feb. 17, 1823. 

284 3. Samuel Leight07i\ b. July 21, 1800. iMarried Sept 182^ 
Mary A. Pope, of Wells, Me. Resides at Wells. Childreii 


285 1. George P.\ b. July 24, 1828; d. Aug. 25, 1828 

2. Samicel W. G.\ b Dec. 20, 1830; d. Dec. 30, 1849. 

3. Joseph\ b. March 23, 1832; d. April 12, 1832! 

288 4. Joseph G.\ b. June 4, 1834. 

289 5. John S.\ b. Feb. 3, 1835; d. April 2, 1860. 

290 6. Joshua\ b. Jan. 10, 1838; d. Oct. 30, 1841. 

291 4. Oliver\ b. Sept. 3, 1802; d. Dec. 2, 1820. 

292 5. Joshua\ b. June 5, 1806; d. Jan. 21, 1875. 

293 6. Joseph^ b. Dec. 1, 1808; d. Jan. 31, 1831. 

294 7. Mary J.\ b. March 1, 1812; d. Aug. 3, 1846. Married, 
Jan. 8, 1838, Capt. James Winn, Jr. 

295 8. Glara P.\ b. May 2, 1817. Married, April 9, 1840, Israel 
Kimball, of Wells. He was appointed by President Lincoln, 
an officer of the revenue department. Residence, Washing- 
ton, D. C. and Portsmouth, N. H. Their children were: 

296 1. Sarah D.\ b. April 14, 1841. 

297 2. George G.\ b. Feb. 28, 1843. Married, July 8, 1876, 
Florence Orton. 

298 3. Glara K\ b. May 27, 1846. Married, Nov. 23, 1869, 
W. W. Chapman of Kittery. 

299 4. Mary L.\ b. Nov. 2, 1848; Married, Sept. 1, 1875, 
Charles M. Butler, of New Albany, Ind. 

300 5, Israel Jr.\ b. Feb. 21, 1855. Married, Feb. 17, 1878, 
Lottie C. Lapham. 

301 6. Helen Knight\ b. Aug. 2, 1860 Married, March 19, 
1885, at Washington, D. C, William Wilson Wishart. 


JANE* {SamueV-, John Jr^, John^, William}), born June 25, 
1779, at Kittery; died October, 1870. Married June, 1799, Pele- 
tiah^ Ricker, son of Joseph and Deborah (Wentworth) Ricker. He 
died December 14, 1842. They lived at Parsonsfield, Me. Their 
children were: 

302 1. Mary\ b. April 20, 1802. Married her cousin John H. 

303 2. ^6?V/a?7i^^ b. July 21, 1804. Married George Hilton. 

304 3. Julia Ann\ b. Feb. 12, 1806. Married Hiram Noble Tripp. 
Residence Alfred Me. 

305 4. Samuel Leighton\ b, Dec. 18, 1808. ]\[arried April 26, 
1846, Elizabeth Wentworth (b. Nov. 10, 1813), daughter 
of Tappan and Dorothy (Wentworth). Farmer. Resi- 
dence Pa]Sonsfield, Me. 

306 5. Betsey H.\ b. March 28, 1822; d. June 9, 1831. 



GEORGE^ (Samuel' John Jr.\ John', William'), born Feb- 
ruary 27, 1782. He left home when about 20 years of age, to 
visit Newport, R. I. There is no trace of him after that time. 


HANNAff (Samicel\ John Jr.\ John\ William'), b. December 
7, 1783; died March 12, 1846, at York, Me. She married Maj. Wm. 
Mclntyre, of York, Me., 1809, who died Dec. 13, 1859. He was a 
farmer, and resided at York. Their children were: 

307 1. Matilda', b. Dec. 12, 1810. Married Nov. 14, 1838, Charles 

Keyes, Avho d. Sept. 25, 1879. 

308 2. Sylvester^ b. June 26, 1812. Married Nov. 7, 1848, Rhoda 


309 3. William B.\ b. June 25, 1814; d. Nov., 1850. 

310 4. So2)hia J.\ b. March 19, 1816; d. Sept. 19, 1857. Married 

Charles Came, who d. Nov. 24, 1861. 

311 5. John B.\ b. May 12, 1818; d. Sept. 20, 1873. 

312 6. Rhoda L.\ b. Aug., ls20; d. Sept. 27, 1862. Married 

Jarius Came, who d. Dec. 23, 1858. 

313 7. Eveline\ b. 1822. Married Jeremiah Paul. 

314 8. Harriet', b. Oct. 16, 1824. Married Amos Mclntyre 
815 9. Oliver B.\ b. Jan. 10, 1827; d. Jan. 30, 1850. 

Descendants of Tobias^ Leighton. 


TOBIAS^ (Tobias', Tohias\ John\ Williatn'), born 1764, at 
Kittery, Yoi'k county. Me. He died at Cape Ann, Mass., about the 
year 1800, leaving a wife and two or three children. This is all we 
know of him. 


WILLIAiVP-( JbJi'as*, Tobias^, John^, William'^), born November 
27, 1766; died June 29, 1844, at Dexter, Me. He married 1st, 
Rebecca Scribner, of Kittery; 2d, Sarah Favor. She was born July 
4, 1777; died December 24, 1852, at the residence of her daughter 
Mrs. B. F. Morrill. He resided for the greater portion of his life at 
Harmony, Me., removing to Dexter only a few years before his 
death. His children were, by his first wife : 

316 1. Daughter®, d. in infancy. 


^M®, d. at the aj 

By his second wife 

317 2. William^, d. at the age of 21. He was a younff man of 
great promise. 

318 3. 

319 1. Calvin Jr.\ b. Sept. 29, 1819; d. 1878, Married 1842, 

Sarah Conant. Residence Dexter, Me. 

320 2. Francis B.\ b. Dec, 18. 1821; d, Feb. 26, 1857. 

321 3. William L.\ b. Jan. 8, 1824, Married 1846, Sarah Foss 

322 4. Milton\ b, March 25, 1829, Married Mary F Foster' 


323 5, Erwin F.\ b. Sept, 13, 1832. Married Nov, 21, 1855, 

Eliza Russell. 

324 6. Sarah E.\ b, Aug. 13, 1834, Married Isaac B. Atwood 


325 7. Malcolm W, b, March 5, 1840, 

326 4. Natstcy®, d, in infancy. ' 

327 5, Eliza®, d. in infancy, 

328 6. Ivory", b. Nov. 4, 1810. While studying for the ministry 

he was accidentally drowned, 1840. 

329 7. Sarah A,^ b. Dec. 12, 1814, Married March 16, 1834, B. 

F, Morrill, of Dexter, Resides at Howard, Minn, Their 
children were: 

330 1. Henry L.\ b, April 4, 1836. 

331 2. William F.\ b. Dec. 1, 1837; d. Oct., 1839. 

332 3. Mary E.\ b, Aug. 2, 1839. 

333 4. Sarah\ b. July 18, 1841; d. Oct. 20, 1878. 

334 5. Charles Leighton^, b, Feb, 13, 1845. Serving in the 

Union army, he d, at Little Rock, Ark,, March, 1865, 

335 6. Benj. F.\ b, April 21, 1848; d, Dec. 17, 1874. 

336 7. David B?, b, Aug. 27, 1849; d. Feb 3, 1876. 

337 8. A. P.\ b. Oct. 18, 1853; d, March 29, 1854. 


STEPHEN' (Tobias*, Tobias', John\ William'), born April 19, 
1769, at Kittery, Me.; died January 28, 1848, at Dexter, Me, Mar- 
ried February 19, 1798, Hannah Sawyer, of Bluehills, Me. She died 
November 3, 1857, at Dexter. Resided at Dexter, Their children 
were : 

338 1. John S.«, b, Sept. 18, 1800; d. June 7, 1840, Married Jan, 

1, 1840, Isabella Sawyer, of Standish, Me. 

339 2, ToBIAS^ b. April 4, 1802. Married March, 1829, Betsey 

Tucker, of Corinna, Me. Died 1879. His children were: 

340 1. Susan F.', b. Aug. 14, 1831; d. Sept., 1857. 



341 2. Henry J.^ b. April 28, 1833; d. May, 1867. Married 

June 1, 1858, Althea Bigelow of Corinna, Me. One child. 

342 1. Susan ¥.\ h. Dec. 4, 1858; d. Oct. 7, 1862. 

343 2. Harey«, b. Nov., 1862. 

344 3. Isabel* (twin with Mary), b. April 20, 1804. Married at 

Athens, Me., January 15, 1826, David Morill, of Reedfield, 
Me (born March 4, 1802; died Sept. 23, 1848, at Dexter, 
Me.) Children were: 

345 1. Marv Ann\ b. Oct. 4, 1826; d. Feb. 16, 1841. 

346 2. Loicisa I\ b. Nov. 16, 1831; died Sept. 7, 1869. 

347 3. Abigail E\ b. April 30, 1834; died May 22, 1858. 

348 4. hlecta\ b. May 16, 1839; d. June 17, 1853. 

349 5. SamueV, b. May 4, 1843. 

850 4. Mary* (twin with Isabel), b. April 20, 1804; d. Nov. 26, 
1854. Married April 21, 1840, Robert Sampson, of 
Dexter, Me. Their children were : 

351 1. Mary J.\ b. Feb. 26, 1841; d. June 3, 1854. 

352 2. Hannah E.\ born April 22, 1842. 

353 3. George\ b. Jan. 1844; died Oct., 1845. 

354 4. George' , b. Jan., 1846; d. May, 1866. 

355 5. Stephen Jr.*, b. Nov. 24. 1806; d. March 24, 1883. Mar- 

ried, April 28, 1839, Nellie Webster Puffer (born February 
10, 1815). Their children were : 

356 1. Ba7iiel P.\ b. Jan. 30, 1840; d. May 10, 1870. Married 

Hannah Moore, Feb. 3, 1865. 

357 2. Ghloe\ b. Oct. 4, 1841. Married, Dec. 1, 1872, at Gar- 

land, Me., J. Wilson Barron, who was murdered at 
Dexter, Feb. 23, 1878. He was treasurer of the Savings 
Bank, at Dexter, and lost his life in defense of the bank. 

358 1. Wilson\ b. May 18, 1876. 

359 6. Hannah*, b. Dec. 15, 1810; d. Nov. 18, 1874. Married, 

Feb., 1833, Joseph B. Elder, of Dexter, Me. Their child- 
dren were: 

360 1. Charles H.\ born Dec. 16, 1834; died Oct. 20, 1875. 

Married Ellura Weymouth, Feb. 7, 1863. 

361 2. William C.\ b. Feb., 1837; m. Nov. 11, 1866, A. M. 

382 3. Joseph Jj, b. April 1843; d. Aug. 20, 1862. 

363 7. Seba French*, b. March 3, 1813, at Dexter, Me.; d. Aug. 

23, 1857, at Bangor, Me. Married Nancy, daughter of 
Stephen Jones, born at Falmouth, Me., January 27, 1824. 
Their children were: 

364 1. Stephen A\ b. Sept. 24, 1843. Enlisted in Second Maine 

Regiment; killed at the battle of Balls Bluff July 21, 

865 2. Hiram K\ b. Dec. 25, 1846; d May 21, 1857. 
366 3. Eliza E.\ b. Dec. 11, 1848. Married Dec. 15, 1882, C. 

H. Fobs, of Dexter, Me. 


367 4. George W?, b. Oct. 26, 1850, at Dexter. Married, Nov. 

11, 1875, Mattie Woodbury of Herman, Me. Residence 
Bangor, Me. Child. 

368 1. Walter E.\ b. Bangor, Oct. 20, 1880. 

369 5. Charles Samyier\ b. Oct. 7, 1855. Resides Bangor, Maine. 


JAMES^ (Tobias', Iobias\ John\ William'), born Jan. 10, 1772, 
at Kittery, Me.; died July 27, 1827, at Harmony, Me. Married 
May, 1802, Betsey, daughter of Jonathan and Abby Quinby, of 
Athens, Me. She was bom March 10, 1782, at Brentwood, N. H., 
and died January 9, 1863, at Winchester, 111, Their children were: 

370 1 Mabt^ b. at Harmony, Me., May 18, 1803; d. March 17, 

1865, at Manchester, III. Married, Aug., 1828, John Dore 
of Athens, Me. Residence, Manchester, III. Their child- 
ren were: 

371 1. Hosea\ born August 16, 1829; d. Oct., 1864. Married, 

1852, Margaret, daughter of John Robinson, of Man- 
chester, III. Children were: 

372 1. Catherine^ b. April, 1852. 

373 2. Horace\ b. Oct. 1, 1855. 

374 3. John\ b. Oct. 1, 1857. 

375 4. Frederick^ b. Nov., 1859; d. 1868. 

376 5. Mary\ b. May 1, 1864. 

377 2. Hamiah\ b. Sept. 22, 1831; d. 1850. 
378- 3. AngeUne\ b. Sept., 1833; d. 1837. 

379 4. Martha\ b. June 15, 1839; d. April, 1852. 

380 2. Jonathan*, b. Oct. 6, 1804, at Harmony, Me.; d. Jan. 6, 

1837, at Manchester, III Married Aug. 1835, Susan Bald- 
win. He was educated at Bloomfield Academy, Me., and 
became an accomplished classical scholar. In 1825, he 
went to Suffolk County, Virginia, as a private tutor In 
1827, he returned to Maine and studied medicine graduat- 
ing at Bowdoin College in 1880. He went to IllinoH in 
1831; was assistant surgeon through the Black Hawk War, 
and at the close was surgeon in United States Array at- 
tached to the garrison at Fort Snelling until 1833, when he 
returned to Manchester and practiced his profession until 
his death in 1837. He was a man of cultivated and re- 
fined taste, and an active student. He left no children 

381 3. James Jr>, b. May 20, 1806. Married, Dec, 1831 

Ann, daughter of James Ha I, of Monson, >Ie. Ja™e« 
Leicrhton Jr., was a graduate in medicine from Bowdoin 
cXe May 1831, and practised several years ^ >Ionson, 
Me %er his brother's ^leath (1837) ^e -moved to Man^ 
Chester, III., with his wife and three children. He was in 


the Legislature in 1844-45. After forty years of continu- 
ous practice he retired from his profession and devoted his 
attention to farming and other interests. His children are: 
382 1. James M.^ b. Sept. 23, 1832, at Monson, Me. Married 
1856, Mary, daughter of John Robinson, of Manchester, 
111. Merchant. Children: 

1. JAMES^ b. Oct., 1857. 

2. Emily^ b. Jan., 1860. 

3. George*, b. March 1, 1862. 
Emily^ b. Dec, 1834; d. 1858. 
Horace', b. Oct., 1835. Married 1864, Martha Husted, 

of Manchester 111. Merchant. Child: 

1. RosA^ b. Oct. 1865; d. 1870. 

Catherine'', b. March 20, 1888, at Manchester, 111. Mar- 
ried 1856, Nathan Pegram, of Lincoln, 111. Their child- 
ren are: 

1. Edward®, b. Jan., 1857. 

2. Mary H.», b. Jan., 1860. Married Albert Sommers of 
Decatur, 111., 1880. One child: 

1 . Charles^. 
Helen', b. Dec. 24, 1841. 

George C, b. Feb. 16, 1847. Married June 2, 1884, at 
Pittsburg, Penn., Lizzie Pope. Resides at Pittsburg. 
HosEA«, b. April 19, 1808; d. July 7, 1827. 
JosEP<b. Jan. 10, 1810; d. June 26, 1858. Married, Jan., 
1838, Mary, daughter of Alvin Coe, of Manchester, III. . 
Resided at Ottumwa, Iowa. Their children were: 
896 1. Alvin C, b. June 2, 1839. Married 1872, Mary Benson, 
of Baltimore, Md. Banker, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

397 2. Ann', b. Oct., 1842; d. Oct., 1846. 

398 3. James', b. Nov. 16, 1844; d. Dec. 15, 1882. 

399 4. Joseph', b. Feb. 1, 1848. Married, July 5, 1877, Stella 

Batchelor, of Cincinnati. Banker, St. Paul, Minn. 
Children : 

400 1. Abby«, l). May 5, 1879, at St. Paul, Minn. 

401 2. JosEPH^ b. June, 1880, at St. Paul, Minn. 

402 5. Mary', b. Oct., 1850. Married 1871, Walter Jordon, of 

Ottumwa. Resides St. Paul, Minn. 

402 6. Abby', b. Aug., 1854. Married Feb., 1775, Albert Jor- 

dan, of Ottumwa, Iowa. Resides there. Their child- 
ren are: 

403 1. Inez\ b. March, 1878. 

404 2. Ahhy\ b. Sept., 1880. 

406 6. Tobias*, b. April 4, 1812, at Harmony, Me. ; removed to 
Illinois, 1836. Married Dec. 8, 1840, Harriet A., daughter 
of Alvin Coe, of Manchester, 111. (b. Feb. 17, 1822). In 
1844 removed to Oskaloosa, Iowa, where they still reside. 
Their children are: 


















4. ] 


5. J 


407 1. Son', b. Oct. 16, 1841; d. Oct. 16, 1841. 

408 2. Henry C.^ b. at Mt. Sterling, 111., Nov. 21, 1842. Served 

in the war of the rebellion in 33d Regiment Iowa Volun- 
teers, of which he was 1st lieutenant when discharged in 
Aug., 1865. Married Dec, 1867, Mary Perdue ; d. Jan. 
30, 1878. He was editor and publisher of the Oskaloosa 
Herald and postmaster of Oskaloosa, Iowa, at the time 
of his death. His children were: 

409 1. Frank P.», b. April 15, 1872; d. Dec. 21, 1875. 

410 2. Hattie K.^ b. March 22, 1874; d. Feb. 15, 1879. 

411 3. Charles', b. Jan. 25, 1846. Served in the war of the 

Rebellion in 47th Iowa Volunteers. Married Sept. 21, 1870, 
Hester A. Wray, of Oskaloosa, Iowa. He is managing 
editor of the Oskaloosa Herald. His children are : 

412 1. Ida W.«, b. Sept. 30, 1872; d. Oct. 19, 1873. 

413 2. Harry», b. June 28, 1873; d. Dec. 2, 1875. 

414 4. William M.', b. Jan. 18, 1850. He is one of the pro- 

prietors of the Oskaloosa Herald. 

415 5. James', b. Oct. 13, 1852; d. iMay 6, 1861. 

416 6. Frank', b. Aug. 1, 1855; d. May 6, 1861. 

417 7. Walter', b. July 19, 1860; d. Oct. 2, 1867. 

418 8. Eugene', b. Oct. 12, 1863; d. July 31, 1866. 

419 7. ELIZABETH^ b. March, 1814; resides Du Quoin, 111. 

420 8. WiLLiAM«, b. Feb. 15, 1816. Married April 6, 1843, Harriet 

E., daughter of James Lawrence, of St. Louis, Mo. She d. 
May 21, 1850, at Winchester, 111. Married 2d, Melissa J., 
daughter of Aaron Hicks, of Manchester, 111. Married 3d, 
Lizzie Bowers, of Kane, 111. Residence Delevan, 111. 
Children by first wife: 

421 1. Calvin A.', b. July 15, 1844. Married Jan. 28, 1880, 

Clarice Knitz. Resides at Emporia, Kansas. Child: 

422 1. Thomas S.^ b. April 8, 1885. 

423 2. Edgar F.', b. April 22, 1847; married March 16, 1871, 

Laura Cooper, of Hillsborough, 111. Resides Miami 
County, Kansas. Children: 

424 1. Hattie L.», b. April 26, 1872. 

425 2. William H.«, b. Feb. 5, 1874. 

426 3. James Q.\ b. Nov. 26, 1875. 

427 4. Edgar W.^ b. Sept. 3, 1818. 

428 5. DoTTiE V.^ b. Feb. 15, 1881. 

429 6. Charles T.», b. April 15, 1883. 

430 3. James', b. Aug. 27, 1849; d. Aug. 2, 1850. 

By his second wife: 

431 4. Sarah A.', b. Aug. 7, 1852; d. Dec. 3, 1852. 

432 5. Judson', b. July 13, 1854; d. Sept. 8, 1854. 

By his third wife: 

433 6. Charles', b. Nov. 22, 1856, at Winchester, 111. 


434 7. Nellie^ b. at Winchester, 111., April 11, 1859; d. Aug. 

12, 1861. 

435 8. MiNA H.', b. Aug. 3, 1860. Married Cliarles E. Varney, 

of Delevan, III, Dec. 4, 1884, at Winchester, III. 

436 9. WILLIAM^ b. Sept. 5, 1867, at Lincohi, III. 

437 10. EMMA^ b. April 10, 1869, at Lincoln, 111. 

438 9. Rebecca", b. June 3, 1818. Married Dec. 26, 1837, Smith 

Walker, of Naples, 111. (b. Feb. 22, 1814, at Saratoga, N. Y. ; 
d. Aug. 4, 1838, at Naples, 111.). Resides at Du Quoin, 111. 
No children. 

439 10. Abby«, b. July 30, 1820; d. Nov. 17, 1874. Married' Dec. 

1839, at Manchester, 111., Joseph W. Clement (b. Newbury- 
port, Massachusetts). Resides at Du Quoin, Illinois. No 

440 11. Newell S.^ b. Dec. 20, 1822, at Harmony, Me. ; d. Dec. 9, 

1869, at Du Quoin. Married Dec. 24, 1852, Mary, daughter 
of Aaron Hicks (b. June 17, 1835, at Whitehall, III; d. 
July 22, 1863, at Winchester, 111.). Resided at Du Quoin. 
His children were: 

441 1. Haevey W.', b. Oct. 3, 1853. Married March 17, 1882 

Mary, daughter of Jas. Vandevoort, of Decatur, 111. 

442 1. William P.», b. Feb. 12, 1883. 

443 2. Abbie^ b. March 23, 1856. 

444 3. Emma', b. May 11, 1859; d. Oct. 29, 1875. 

445 4. Florence^ b. Aug. 30, 1862. 


SAMUEP, (Tobias*, Tobias', John\ William}), son of Tobias* 
born at Kittery, July 14, 1780. Moved with his father's family 
from Kittery in June, 1800, to Harmony, Me. He married at Har- 
mony, Betsey Parsons. Residence Dexter Me. His children were: 

446 1. Sarah", b, 1802; married Gilman. 

447 2. Abigail", born 1804; married Henry Curtis, of Dexter 

448 3. Eliza", b. 1806. 

449 4. Charles", b. 1808. 

450 5. Nathaniel", b. 1810; resides at Holden, Me. 

451 6. Calvin", b. 1813. 

452 7. Eleanor", b. 1815. 

453 8. Edward", b. 1817. 

454 9. Penelope", b. 1819. 

455 10. Samuel", b. 1822. 

- 61 - 
SUSAN^ {Tobias\ ToUai, John\ William'), b. at Kittery, Me. 
1783. Married Stephen Favor, of Limerick, York County,' Me. 
Farmer, residence Limerick, Me. Their children were: 


456 1. Stephen^ 

457 2. Nancy. ^ 

458 3. Irving.^ 


CHARLES^ {Tobias', Tobiai, John\ William'), born September 
2, 1785, at Kittery, Maine; died 1859, at Dexter, Maine. He married 
1815, at Harmony, Abigail Rogers, born 1795; died December, 1853. 
He was a farmer, and resided at Dexter, Maine. His children were: 

459 1. Habvet«, b. June 29, 1820. Married, Sept., 1844, at Ells- 

worth, Maine, Mary Maddox. He d. in the army, 1862, 
during the war of the rebellion. His children were : 

460 1. Franklin', b. 1846; d. June, 1857. 

461 2. Abigail', b. 1848; d. 1850. 

462 3. John\ b. 1850. Resides at Ellsworth, Maine. 

463 4. Walter', b. 1852 ; m. Susan Blenn. Resides at Ellsworth, 

Maine. His children are: 

464 1. Fannie\ b. 1878. 

465 2. Carl^, b. 1881. 

466 2. James^ b. March 24, 1822, at Harmony. Married Dec. 9, 

1852, at Dexter, Maine, Matilda P. Addington. 

467 3. Amos^ b. May 4, 1824; d. Nov. 10, 1855. 

468 4. Charles Jr.", b. at Monson, Maine, Dec. 25, 1826 ; d. 

March, 1882, at Olneyville, Rhode Island; he m. Naomi 
Joy in 1857. His children are: 

469 1. Charles', b. 1860; d. March, 1884. 

470 2. Grace', b. 1802. 

471 5. Olite«, b. May, 1829; d. April 27, 1878. Married Harvey 

Addington, of Dexter, Maine. Her children are: 

472 1. lAzzie', b. July 3, 1855. 

473 2. Oscar', b. Feb., 1861; d. Jan., 1883. 

474 3. Mabel', b, Feb., 1866. 

475 6. Walter^ b. Dec. 18, 1832; d. Dec. 12, 1876, at Bangor. 


MARY* {Tobias\ Tobiai, John\ William'), born 1788, at Kittery, 
Maine; died 1806, at Harmony, Me. Unmarried. 




Commander-in-Chief of the Military Forces of tiik Province 

AND Member of the Provincial Council, 


Charles Frost was born in Tiverton, England, in 1631. He ac- 
companied his father to the Piscataqua river at the age of three or 
four years. 

His father Nicholas Frost, was also a native of Tiverton and 
resided "near Lemon Green over against Bear Garden." He had 
one sister, who " married Charles Brooks, a brazier in Crown Alley, 
London." He was born about the year 1595 and arrived at Pis- 
cataqua about 1635 or 1636, and settled at the head of Sturgeon 
creek now Eliot, on the south side of Frost's Hill, where he died, 
July 20, 1663, and was buried in the rear of his house. He brouglit 
over a wife and two or three children. The wife is not mentioned 
in his will, dated 1650, from which it is to be inferred that she died 
before that time. This will was examined in Court of Probate, and 
from some cause now unknown, was deemed " invalid and of 
none effect." The court ordered that his estate be divided among 
his children equally, excepting that Charles the oldest, should 
have a double share, " for his care and former trouble." This 
amounted to £211. Charles took the homestead, with five hundred 

* These brief memoirs of Maj. Chas. Frost and of Capt. John Hill are abridged 
with some minor corrections from sketches published in the N. E. Hist, and 
Gen. Reg., for 1849 and 1858, prepared by Dr. Usher Parsons of Providence, 

As all the descendants of Capt. William Leighton subsequent to John' are 
directly descended from them, the insertion of these sketches in this volume is 
manifestly appropriate. The compiler regrets that he has not been able to 
consult the early Kittcry and York Co. Records (which it is hoped may some 
day be published) as that would have materially contributed many facts and 
incidents to enhance our interest in those stalwart representatives of the early 
colonial life of that part of New England.— 2: F. J. 


acres of laud. To his second son John, he gave three hundred acres 
of land in York, with a marsh valued at £65, the rest in money. To 
William Leighton, for his wife Catharine, personal property. To 
Elizabeth, when she should arrive of age, personal estate. To 
Nicholas, a house and lot adjoining Leightou's, and personal prop- 
erty ; he being a minor, was placed under the guardianship of his 
brother Charles. 

Catharine {Frost) Leighton had a son and a daughter, named 
John and Elizabeth, The latter died young. The sou married 
Oner,* daughter of Tobias Langdon, and was the ancestor of a 
numerous race. After Leighton's death Catharine married Major 
Joseph Hammond, who was register and judge of probate ; and had 
children by him. She died Aug. 1, 1715. 

John Frost settled in York and afterwards at the Isle of Shoals, 
where he carried on fisheries. He died 1718, at Star Island, leaving 
a widow named Sarah, and a son Samuel, who inherited the York 
estate, two other sons, and one daughter who married William Fox. 

Elizabeth Frost married William Smith, 

Nicholas F'ost followed the sea, was bound an apprentice as a 
sailor to Capt, Thomas Orchard, He commanded a ship that sailed 
between Maryland and Ireland. He died at Limerick, Ireland, 
August, 167.3, unmarried and left his estate to the children of his 
brother Charles and sister Catharine (Leighton). Hammond claimed 
of Leighton's children a share of their uncle's legacy for his own 
children, and after a lawsuit obtained it. 

Mr, Nicholas Frost was a fai-mer. Brewster says he was an ad- 
herent of Charles I. and he left England on account of the civil 
commotions of the times. He was esteemed a trustworthy, judicious 
citizen, as appears from the fact of his appointment to responsible 
offices as constable and selectman. 

Charles Frost, who succeeded to the homestead of his father 
Nicholas, at the head of Sturgeon creek, became one of the most 
eminent men in the province both in civil and military life. In 
narrating the events of his life, it will be necessary to connect them 
with a brief sketch of the political history of Piscataqua, comprising 
the present towns of Kittery, Eliot and South Berwick, They were 
designated by the first settlers by local names, as Kittery Point, 
Spruce creek, now Kittery, Sturgeon creek now Eliot, New-ich-e. 
wan-ack, extending from the mouth of the river at South Berwick 

* See page 39. 


to the mills at Great Works, so called, Qiiampegan, still known as 
• such and Salmon Falls. These names were applied to the villages 
or settlements near them, and were all included under the plantation 
of Piscataqua. In 1647 it Avas incorporated under the name of 
Kittery, after a town in England, where several of the emigrants 
formerly resided. Berwick was separately incorporated in 1723, 
being for some time previously designated as Union Parish. Eliot 
was separated from Kittery in 1810, and South Berwick from Ber- 
wick in 1824. In 1636 the number in all of these towns was two 
hundred, the population of Maine being one thousand four hundred. 

In 1624, Ambrose Gibbons built a mill at Newichewannack (South 
Berwick), which was soon after managed by Humphrey Chadborne. 
Gorges and Mason who had received the patent from the council of 
Plymouth (England), for " all lands situated between the rivers 
Merriraac and Kennebec," by the name of '' the Province of 
Laconia." They appointed Walter Neal their agent, he was suc- 
ceeded by Francis Williams, who served until 1634, when Gorges 
and Mason divided their lands. Mason taking the west side and 
Gorges the east side of the river. Mason soon died and his share 
reverted back to Gorges. William Gorges, a nephew of Sir Ferdi- 
nando Gorges, was appointed governor and served two years. The 
courts at this time were held at Saco. 

Williams continued as agent for Gorges at Piscataqua, invited 
and encouraged emigration, and between 1634 and 1640 a large 
number of persons arrived, among whom were Nicholas Frost and 
family, they probably arrived about 1635 or 1636, as he was appointed 
to an important office in 1640. The settlers were allowed to take up 
as much land as they could fence, by paying two shillings to two 
shillings and a half per acre, for one hundred years. Nicholas 
Frost took four hundred acres. 

In 1639 Sir Ferdinando Gorges obtained a new charter under the 
name of the Province of Maine. Another nephew of his, Thomas 
Gorges, was appointed deputy governor, with six councillors. 
The courts were held at Saco and York. In June, 1640, the gov- 
ernor and council held a court at Saco, where among other officers 
appointed was Nicholas Frost, as constable of Piscataqua. Sir Fer- 
dinando caused Agamenticus (old York) to be erected into a 
borough and soon after into a city called Gorgeana, with a mayor 
and aldermen. Being involved in the civil wars now raging in 
England, and connected with the prostrated party, he was im- 


prisoned during his remaining days and his nephew, Governor 
Thomas Gorges, becoming discontented resigned his office at the 
end of three years, when his commission expired, and returned 
home to England, leaving Maine without a successor. The council 
appointed one of their number, a Mr. Vines, as deputy governor in 

A claim had recently been set up in the eastern part of Maine, 
from Kennebunk river to Kennebec under what was called the 
Plough patent, by one Rigby (of England), who appointed George 
Cleves as his deputy or agent. Cleves made interest with Massa- 
chusetts, and with the commissioners of plantations in England, 
who decided that Rigby's title was undoubtedly good, and this de- 
cision left Sir Ferdinando in possession of only the land between 
Kennebunk and Piscataqua rivers. He however died soon after. 

The whole province of Maine was badly governed, and after a 
time the people became desirious of following the example of New 
Hampshire, whose inhabitants a few years previous (1642) applied 
for and obtained annexation to Massachusetts. This government 
was very willing to receive Maine in like manner, and by a " plausible 
construction of their own charter," claimed it as their properly. The 
claimants under both Rigby and Gorges, through their agents, 
Cleves and Godfrey, though previously opposed to each other 
united now, in resisting the claim of Massachusetts. But the in- 
habitants under Gorges were anxious for annexation, and it was 
soon effected. In 1652, four commissioners were sent from Boston 
to Piscataqua, or Kittery, as it was now called, where a court was 
held during four days, and after much discussion and altercation, 
they received the concession of forty-one persons, among whom 
were Nicholas Frost and his son Charles Frost. 

The other towns west of Kennebunk river immediately followed 
their example, and in process of time, the towns eastward in Rigby's 
patent, submitted in like manner. In 1653, Kittery sent a repre- 
sentative to the General Court of Massachusetts, and in 1658, 
Charles Frost, then 26 years of age, was chosen to that office, which 
he held five years. 

In 1660 Ferdinando Gorges, grandson of the baronet, laid claim 
to the province as heir at law; ^King Charles II. sanctioned the 
claim, and in 1664, ordered it restored to him. Nicholas Carr, 
Cartwright and Maverick were directed by the king to demand pos- 


session and to hold courts. A sharp altercation took place between 
them and the General Court of Massachusetts, and they left for 
Maine without effecting a reconciliation. The king wrote a repri- 
mand to the people of Massachusetts, and required them to restore 
the province to Gorges forthwith. Archdale, an appointed aj^ent 
made the demand on the Massachusetts government; but instead 
of complying, they ordered a county court, consisting of Thomas 
Danforth and others as judges, to be held at York. But on arriv- 
ing at Portsmouth the court were forbid to enter Maine. They 
therefore, returned to Boston, followed by the king's commissioners 
who were so insolent and over bearing to the government as to pre- 
vent all further conference. They were soon after recalled. 

The interrupted state of the courts caused by these contentions, 
left Maine without suitable legislation or Courts of Justice. In 
1668, Massachusetts sent four commissioners to hold in York, where 
they met the justices appointed by the king's commissioners, ready 
to hold court also. After much quarreling the Massachusetts com- 
missioners prevailed and a court and government were organized in 
due form. The following year the province again sent representa- 
tives to the General Court, among whom was Charles Frost of 

The militia of Maine was now organized into six companies, one 
of which was commanded by Charles Frost. 

The Dutch war ensued, which engrossed the attention of the king, 
and thus gave Massachusetts a short respite from his interference. 
But after a time the claim of Gorges' heirs was again renewed, 
and to obivate all further trouble from them, it was deemed 
the wisest policy to buy them out. This was effected through 
the agency of John Usher, for the sum of £1200. This pro- 
ceedure displeased the king, who was at the time trying to nego- 
tiate for it with Gorges' heirs, intending it as a place for one of his 
court favorites. He wrote a reprimanding letter to the govern- 
ment; but the bargain was made and completed, and Gorges' claim 
forever extinguished. 

Although Massachusetts had by purchase become " the assignee 
and proprietor of Maine, yet it was contended that she must govern 
it according to the stipulations in Gorges' charter," and not as a con- 
stituent part of her own colony. Accordingly it was determined 
to restore the form of civil administration established by Gorges, 


subject however, to the general oversight and direction of her 
governor and assistants. They therefore appointed in 1680, a pres- 
ident (Thomas Danforth), and six assistants or councillors, who 
were to act as judges of the courts. Among the six councillors, 
thus appointed was Charles Frost. He was also appointed at the 
same time commander-in-chief of the Maine regiment. 

Edward Randolph, the bitter enemy of the colonies, was appointed 
by the crown as collector and surveyor. He acted as an emissary 
and secret informer against Massachusetts, representing her govern- 
ment and people as enemies to the authorities of England, and pre- 
sented grave accusations to the throne against her best men, which 
threatened to result in the upsetting of her charter. So imminent was 
the danger of this, that in order to avoid it, she would willingly 
have relinquished her title to Maine. At length however, the fatal 
blow was struck. On the 4th of June, 1684, the charter was ad- 
judged to be forfeited, and the liberties of the colonies were seized 
by the crown. Colonel Kirke, a brutal tyrant was appointed governor, 
but Charles H. died the following February, 1685, which annulled 
the appointment before his arrival in the colony, and his successor, 
James II. did not incline to renew it.* 

The General Court was soon after annihilated by the arrival (May, 
1686) of Joseph Dudley as president of New England, with the 
names of fifteen councillors, among whom was John Usher and the 
odious Randolph. In a few months Dudley was succeeded by Sir 
Edmond Andros, a man of despotic temper. He was subsequently 
commissioned (1688) as president of New England, New York and 
New Jersey. His council consisted of thirty-nine members, among 
whom were John Usher and Joseph Dudley. His government was 
arbitrary and despotic. The people chafed under it until they be- 
came desperate. In the spring of 1689 a rumor was spread among 
them that the governor's guards were to be let loose on Boston. 
This produced an explosion, and early in the morning of April 8, the 
populace rose in a mass, seized the governor and thirty of his more 
obnoxious partizans and confined them, some of them twenty weeks. 
Andros surrendered the keys, but not without some reluctance. As 
soon as Andros was deposed, a general convention was held at 
Boston, which appointed a council of safety, consisting of Danforth, 
Bradstreet and thirty-four others. 

• Williamson. 


In about thirty days after this, the joyful news arrived, not how- 
ever, unexpected, that James had abdicated, and that VVilliain and 
Mary had ascended the throne. Tlie council recommended that 
delegates be chosen by towns and accordingly fifty-four towns were 
represented at Boston, May 22d, who voted "to resume the govern- 
ment according to the charter rights " and they appointed Bradstreet 
governor and Danforth lieutenant governor. 

Danforth had presided over Maine as a province assisted by 
Charles I^'ost, Francis Hooke and others, for the term of six vears. 
But Maine like Massachusetts was involved in the overturning of 
arbitrary measures of Dudley and Andros, under whose administra- 
tion courts had been held. The council of safety now reinstated 
Danforth, Frost, Hooke and others, the former governor and 
council of Maine. They also '' commissioned Charles Frost to com- 
mand the western regiment and Edward Tyng the eastern regiment 
of Maine." 

The province was soon after re-annexed as a constituent part of 
Massachusetts, Charles Frost was appointed in 1693, one of the three 
councillors from Maine, which office he held till his death in 1697. 

It may serve to illustrate the customs of early times in respect to 
drinking, to insert an ordinance of the court in 1690. "July 15, 1690. 
In the Court of Sessions of the peace for the province of Maine, 
held at York before Major John Davis deputy president. Major 
Charles Frost, Captain Francis Hooke and John Lincoln, justices. 
Whereas, there is great complaint made of several abuses taken 
notice of in ordinaries, by excessive drinking of rum, flip and other 
strong liquor, the ill consequences of which aie seen in the misbe- 
havior of several persons in the presence of authority ; for the pre- 
venting of the like in future, it is ordered: that if any ordinary, or 
tavern keeper shall sell any rum, flip or other strong drink, to an 
inhabitant of the town, except in case of sickness or necessity, or 
more than one gill to a stranger, he shall forfeit his license." * 

The foregoing brief sketch of a portion of the political history of 
the western part of Maine during Major Frost's life, and of the ser- 
vices he rendered in various responsible offices, exhibits clearly the 
high estimation in which he was held by his fellow citizens and the 
government. His military services remain to be noticed. Trained 
from childhood to agricultural employment, and to the still more 
invigorating toils of the hunter, he acquired the stamina of body 

* Collections of the Maine Historical Society. 


and mind for the arduous and perilous duties of savage warfare. 
The howling of wolves around his father's cabin was his evening's 
musical entertainment, and from the neighboring hill-top his morn- 
ing vision could survey the curling smoke arising from the numer- 
ous Indian villages on the tributary streams of the Piscataqua. 
The savage yell and war-whoop awakened no fearful throbbings in 
his youthful heart, but rather served to enkindle a zeal for daring 
and heroic achievements. He early evinced a fondness for military 
exercises and parade, and being enrolled as a soldier at sixteen, he 
gradually rose, through successive grades, to the commander-in- 
chief of the militia of Maine. 

At the age of fourteen he unintentionally killed a comrade named 
Warwick Heard, which occasioned great sorrow to himself and 
others. He was tried and acquitted by a jury at Wells, July 6, 
164G, the verdict being " we find that Charles Frost did kill War- 
wick Heard by misadventure, and acquit him by proclamation." 

Military discipline was practiced among the settlers, in anticipa- 
tion of a war on the seaboard, rather than against savages from the 
interior. It was the practice of the militia of Maine to train in 
companies six times a year, and to have general musters once in two 
years. The discipline was strict, the civil courts taking cognizance 
of violations of military rules and ordering the punishment, for 
such offenses. The punishments were, " lashes on the bare skin in 
presence of the court" " laid neck and heels together at the head of 
his company " severe fines and "riding the wooden horse." 

Perfect peace had existed during the first forty years of the set- 
tlement, with the exception of a short conflict with the Pequods, in 
the year 1636, in which the people of Maine scarcely participated. 
But the time was approaching when a savage war was suddenly to 
break out in every part of New England. Its approach was pre- 
dicted by the Indian Sagamore, Knowles, who resided at Quampegan 
and was sachem of the tribe who previously occupied the shores of 
the Piscataqua. " In 1670, when Knowles was bed ridden with sick- 
ness and age, he comjDlained of the great neglect with which the 
English treated him. At length he sent a message to some of the 
principal men of Kittery to visit him. ' Being loaded with years' as 
he told them, ' I had expected a visit in my infirmities, especially 
from those who are now tenants on the land of my fathers. Though 
all these plantations are of right my childrens, I am forced, in this 
age of evils, humbly to request a few acres of land to be marked 




out for them and recorded as a public act in the town books so th- 
when I am gone they may not be perishing beggars in the pleasant 
places of their birth. For I know that a war will shortly break 
out between the white mon and Indians over the whole country 
At first the Indians will kill rainy and prevail, but after three years 
they will be great sufferers, and finally be rooted out and destroyed.' 
This was sworn to by Major Richard Waldron, Captain Charles 
Frost and Rev. Joshua Moody who were present and heard it." 

The war of King Phillip began in 1675, five years after the date 
of Frost's commission as captain, and of Roger Plaisted's as his 
lieutenant. The former had immediate charge of the garrisons at 
Sturgeon creek (Eliot) and the latter of Salmon Falls"and Quam- 
pegan. After the first alarm of the war, depredations and murders 
were committed by numerous parties of savages in quick suc- 
cession upon the scattered settlements. In September, 1676, a party 
approached Durham near Dover, killed two and captured two set- 
tlers. A few days after they attacked the house of one Lozier at 
New-ich-e-wan-ack, (South Berwick) which contained fifteen women 
and children, all with the exception of two children were save 1 by 
the intrepidity of a girl of eighteen. Seeing the Indians approach- 
ing, she shut the door and braced herself against it until her asso- 
ciates escaped to the next house which was better secured. The 
Indians chopped the door down wounded and left her for dead, but 
she eventually recovered. The inhabitants panic struck fled to the 
garrisons, where they lived in constant fear. 

On the 16th of October, 1675, the Indians made an assault uj)on 
Salmon Falls. Lieutenant Plaisted sent out a party of seven to re- 
connoitre. They fell into an ambush, three were killed and the rest 
reti'eated. The next day, Plaisted, with his two sons venturing out 
with his team to bring in the dead for burial, was waylaid by 
the savages in ambush. He and one son were killed, and the 
other son mortally wounded. In the midst of the fight he despatched 
messengers to his superior officers, Major Waldron of Dover, and 
Captain Frost, imploring their aid and their prayers, but their aid 
came too late.* The gallantry of Plaisted arrested the progress of 

* The followiug letter is preserved in Hubbard's most valuable History of the 
Indian Wars, Part ii. p. 23, Boston edition, 4to, 1677. 

" Scdmon Falls October 16, 1675. Mr. Bichard Waldern and Lieut. Coffin, these 
are to inform you, that just now the Indians are engaging us with at least one 
hundred men. And have slain four of our nun already, Richard Tozar, James 


the Indians for a time, and Captain Frost had an opportunity to 
bury the dead unmolested. 

The Indians soon returned, destroying other lives and dwellings; 
on their way to Sturgeon creek they burnt a house and killed two 
men. The house of Captain Frost was a little remote from his 
neighbors and unfortified, this was marked out for destruction by 
them. Williamson says " He was a shert distance from it when 
attacked and narrowly escaped ten shots fired at him. There were 
only three boys in the house with him (probably his sons), yet he 
had the forethought and prudence to give audible words of com- 
mand as if a body of men were with him, ' load quick ! fire there ! 
that's well ! brave men ! ' A stratagem that saved themselves and 
the house." The Indians proceeded down the shores of Piscataqua 
and thence eastward through York and in three months sacrificed 
eighty lives, plundered and burned many houses, and destroyed all 
the animals. 

Frost wrote to iMajor Waldron, his commander at Dover, asking 

permission to garrison his house, which he was directed to do by 

the following letter. 

Capt. Frost and serwent neall 

Gentelmen I thought to have meet with you here at maior Sheply 's [Shapleigh] 
but understandiug the guns were herd about Slargeon Creeck it is well you toukc 
your march as you did — my dasier and order is that you garrison you owne 
house with 10 men ind doe your beste now the snow is vpon the groud which 
will be Aduantadge upon ther tracks. Your letter I rescued about garrisoning 
your house. We have a party of men upon yuur side comanded by goodman 
banmore (V) and John wingut [Wingate VJ and Joseph Fild are going out this 
night: and in Case you want men goe to the garrisons aboue and especially 
Samon fauU and lake men for any expedition : and all the Comanders of the 
garrisons are hereby required to Ataud your order herein and this shall be your 
surficant warrant. 

dated tliis 8 nomber 1675 about 3 oclock, 

Your servant Richakd Waldern 
Sergent Maior 
I intend god willing to be at 
nachwanack to morrow morning 
therfor would dasier to her from you 
R: W. 

Barny, Isaack Bottes and Tozers Son, and burnt, Benoni Jlodsdan's house; Sir, if 
ever you have any love for us, and the Country, now show your self with men 
to Jielp us or else we are all in great danger to be slain, unless our God xconderfully 
appear for oibr Deliverence. They that cannot fight let thempray ; Not else, but I 
Best, Yours to serve you 

Signed by Roger Plaisted, 

Oeoi'ge Broughton." 
For more full accounts of these times of terror, the reader is referred to the 
author above cited, to Belknap's "New Hampshire," and Williamson's 
"Maine" — Ed. 


As the winter approached, the Indians found themselves destitute 
of ammunition and in danger of starving from lack of provisions. 
All the neighboring Sagamores from Dover to Casco, sued for 
peace, which being granted by Waldron, quiet prevailed for seven 
months. August 1676, King Phillip's death terminated the war in. 
the west of the province. Some of his adherents fled to the east- 
ward and mixed with their brethren of Penacook (Concord, \. II.) 
Ossipee, Pickwacket (Fryburg), and Saco. Others mixed with the 
Kennebec and Androscoggin tribes, who continued to ravage the 
eastern settlements of Maine. 

Waldron and Frost received orders at this time to kill and de- 
stroy all hostile Indians, and two companies, commanded by Cap- 
tains Hawthorn and Sill, were sent from Boston to Maine with like 
orders. On their way thither they came to Dover, Sept. 6th, 1670, 
where four hundred mixed Indians were assembled at the garrison 
of Major Waldron, with whom they had made peace at the death of 
King Phillip, and whom they considered their friend and father. 
Hawthorne and Sill were for attacking them at once, but Waldron 
objected to it, and contrived to take them by stratagem. He pro- 
posed to the Indians to have a sham-fight, and on the following day, 
summoned Captain Frost with his company from Piscataqua to join 
him. They, in conjunction with the Boston troop formed one party, 
.and the Indians another. Having diverted them a while with 
manoeuvres, they induced the Indians to fire the first volley, then 
surrounded, seized and bound thn whole excepting two or three, 
before they could form a suspicion of what was intended, dis- 
armed them without the loss of a man on either side. They then 
separated those known to be friendly, and dismissed them. The 
strangers from the south and west a^nounting to about three hun- 
dred, were sent to Boston to be dealt with judicially, seven or eight 
of whom were known to be murderers, were hanged; the remainder 
were sold into foreign slavery. Public opinion has ever been di- 
vided as to the propriety of the whole affair. Be that as it may, 
the two leading officers concerned in it, Waldron and Frost, after a 
lapse of many years, paid the forfeit with their lives, at the hands of 
the savages, who always spoke of the stratagem as a base Yankee 

Two days after this surprisal just recounted, the forces under 
Captain Frost proceeded east ward, they found the settlements de- 

* Belknap. 


serted or destroyed, they returned and made a fruitless excursion to 
Ossipee ponds. 

Peace was made but was soon broken and violated by the Indians, 
which left no alternative but the renewal of hostilities. Accordingly 
in February, 16V7, Waldron and Frost with one hundred and fifty 
men sailed from Boston eastward. Public prayers were offered on 
the day of their departure. They arrived at Brunswick without 
mishap, held a parley with the Indians who agreed to bring their 
captives for ransom in the afternoon. But no more was heard from 
them until the following day, when they appeared in a flotilla of 
canoes, menaced a scouting party sent to the place of landing. 
Capt. Frost attacked, killed and wounded several of them. This 
led to another parley, but none of the captives were rescued. The 
expedition sailed to the mouth of the Kennebec and by mutual agree- 
ment another parley was held, " without arms to negotiate for the 
ransom of prisoners." The Indians demanded twelve beaver skins 
and some good liquor for each; but only tliree captives were rescued, 
Another party was proposed, when Waldron, Frost and three others 
landed and by mutual agreement no arms were to be worn on either 
side. During the interview Waldron discovered a lance secreted 
under a board, and on searching further, found other weapons. 
Taking and brandishing one towards them he exclaimed, '■^Perfidious 
wretches ! you intended to get our goods and then kill us, did you?" 
The Indians endeavored to disarm him, a tumult ensued, in which 
all their lives were endangered. Captain Frost laid hold of xMegun- 
naway (known as Mugg) a desperate murderer and scoundrel and 
dragged him aboard his vessel, the Indians dispersed upon the arrival 
of reinforcements from the vessel. Sagamore, Maltahouse and five 
other Indians were killed, five capsized a canoe and were drowned, 
and five more were made prisoners. One thousand pounds of meat 
and other booty was captured. Megunnaway* grown hoary in 
crimes was shot. 

They left a garrison of forty men under Captain Davis, near the 
mouth of the Kennebec, and returned to Boston without losing a 

A few days after their departure, eleven of the forty men they 
left were cut off in ambush, and the remainder were ordered to Casco 
and Saco forts. Seventy men were now ordered eastward from Pis- 
cataqua, under Captain Swaine to afford relief. On the 7th of April 
seven men were killed near York, six in W ells and three at Black 

* Williamson's Hist, of Maine. 


Point; in May another attack was made on York in whieli four wore 
killed and two taken prisoners. In June (1677) two hundivd and 
forty men were sent to Black Point under Major Sweet, sixty of 
whom with their commander fell, in an encounter with the Indians. 
Fishing vessels along the shore between Wells and Casco were next 
attacked by the savages, who succeeded in capturing many of them. 
During all this spring and summer Captain Frost was constantly 
engaged in superintending the garrisons of York county. The 
following order now in the writer's possession, was given in May. 
To Capt Charles Frost 

You are hereby Required in liis Majities name to Irapresse six able Souldicrs 
either of yor Own town or others compleatly ffitted with Amies & Ainunition 
to Attend ye Service of ye Country in yor Garrison or otherwise as you shall 
see meet, & this shall be yor sufficient Wartt from 

Richard Waldern Serget maior 
2: May 1677 

In April he received the following from General Dennison, the 


To Captain Charles Frost — 

You are hereby authorized to take under your command and conduct fifty 
foot soldiers herewith sent you of the county of Essex and Norfolk — command- 
ing them to obey you as their caplain, whom you are to lead and conduct 
against the common Enemy now infesting Yorkshire, whom you are with all 
diligence to pursue and destroy as also to succor and assist the English of 
Wells, York Neechiwannick or elsewhere, as you shall have opportunity. And 
the said soldiers are hereby required to attend your orders und commands f^r 
the prosecution of the enemy as abovesaid, according to the rules and orders 
of military discipline, and you are to attend such orders & instructions as from 
time to time you shall receive from myself or other superior authority and for 
so doing this shall be your warrant. 

Dated April 12 1677. Daniel Dennison Major General. 

Instructions for Capt. Charles Frost 

You must take notice that the parly of soldiers now sent you are designed 
chiefly for the defense of Yorkshire & the dwellings on the upper parts of 
Pascatay. You are therefore, principally so to imj^rove them, by your constant 
marches about the borders of Wells, Yorke, Nochiwannick Cochecho Exeter 
Haueril &c. as you shal have intelligence of the enemies' motion, whom you 
are upon every opportunity without delay to persue & endeavor to take Cap- 
teve, kill & destroy. 

Having notice of any partie of the enemy at any fishing place or other ren- 
dezvous you shall lay hold on such opportunity to assault the enemy. 

If you shall understand the enemy to be too numerous for your smal partie 
you shall advise with Major Walderne and desire his Assistance to furnish you 
with a greater force for a present service, but if you judg the opportunity or 
advantage may be lost by such a delay you shall for a present service reijuiie 
the inhabitants or garrison souldiers of tlie place where you are or so many as 
may be necessary for you & safe for the place immediately to attend you upon 
such present service for destroying the enemy. 

In all your motions & marches, silence & speed will be your advantage & 


You must supply your present wants of victuals & amunition for your soul- 
diers out of the townes & places where you come, especially from Portsmouth 
to whom I have writt for that end, & if a larsrer supply be wanting you shal 
give notice thereof to my selfe or the Governr & Counsel. 

The necessity & distress of those parts & coiilideuce of your Courage & in- 
dustry doe require your utmost activity in the management of this business 
without spending needeless expensive delayes up and be doing & the Lord pros- 
per your endeavors. 

You shall from time to time give intelligence of all occurrences of moment to 
Major Walderne, & my selfe, & as much as may be without prejudice of the 
service advise with Major Walderne & the Gentelmen of Portsmouth upon 
whom you must principally depend for your present supplyes 

[Then follows in another hand:] 

for Charles Frost 

These ar the Instructions Received from ye Majr Generall at the same time 
as his Comiss of Aprill 1677 & delivered to him the 13th according to 


Yours RoBT Pike 

An unexpected relief came to Kennebec during the summer. Sir 
Edmund Andros, governor of New York, sent a force to protect the 
interests of the Duke of York. Finding the Indians pacific, he ob- 
tained the release of fifteen captives and some vessels, and by the 
presence of his troops prevented further ravages during the winter. 
In the following spring (April) a treaty was negotiated by Messrs. 
Champernoon, Fryer and Major Shapleigh (who succeeded Major 
Frost as commander of Portsmouth). By this treaty all captives 
were released without ransom, the inhabitants returned to their 
homes and lived unmolested, but were to pay a peck of corn yearly, 
each family to the Indians. Thus ended King Phillip's war in 
Maine; it had cost the colonists two hundred and sixty lives, a vast 
number of houses burned, animals slaughtered, and property de- 

In 1678 Charles Frost, with two others represented Maine in the 
General Court, from which time he continued in the office and in 
attending to his personal affairs until 1682, he was appointed by the 
governor and council of Massachusetts one of the eight members of 
the provincial council of Maine, to act under the Gorges charter, 
which Massachusetts had assujned. • The council consisted of Bryant 
Pendleton, Charles Frost, Francis Hooke, John Davis, Samuel 
Wheelwright, Edward Tyng and John Wincoln. 

The arrival of Dudley and Andros in 1688, as presidents of New 
England, superceded the provincial form of government which had 
lasted six years. Danforth the provincial governor and his council 
were proscribed, and very little is heard of Frost until Andros was 


overthrown in April, 1689. It was during the latter part of this 
regime that another Indian war broke out which lasted ten yearH, 
it was known as King William's war. No sooner was Andros de- 
posed than Danforth, Frost and others who had been proscribed, 
were reinstated; the times being perilous led to the appointment of 
Charles Frost as commander-in-chief of the military forces of Maine. 

The war of King William began in August, 1688, in North Yar- 
mouth and Kennebec. In April following Dover was taken by 
stratagem and mostly destroyed. Major Waldron's mock training 
bore mortal consequences after thirteen years of brooding and ven - 
geance. He was most inhumanely tortured, twenty-three persons 
were killed, and twenty-nine carried into captivity. Tlie seizure of 
the three hundred Indians twelve or thirteen years before was a 
transaction never to be forgotten, never to be forgiven by the 
savages. Some of those who had been sold into slavery in foreign 
lands had escaped, and returned. They easily inflamed the members 
of Phillip's band who were still harbored by the Penacook and Fry- 
burg Indians, and it spread to the tribes nominally friendly and all 
were bent on revenge. It was unfortunate for Major Frost that he ' 
was obliged to aid Waldron in the capture of the four hundred, as 
it cost him his life ere the present war terminated. Being in com- 
mand of the western regiment, and having the forts and garrisons 
under his special care, he did not go to the eastward; that section of 
Maine was placed under the immediate command of Dudley Tyng. 
Major Swaine with six hundred militia accompanied by Colonel 
Church who had distinguished himself in King Phillip's war at the 
west, was sent to the eastward, but his success in the present expe- 
dition fell short in public expectation. 

Major Frost's presence was greatly needed in the western part of 
Maine. A few days before the date of his commission, August, 
1689, the Indians and French entered Salmon Falls (Berwick) under 
the command of Hartel, a Frenchman, killed thirty-four brave men 
and carried away captive fifty-four persons, mostly women and 
children, plundered the houses and destroyed the mills. In the fol- 
lowing spring they revisited Brunswick and Dover, killing and de- 
stroying what was left, and extending their ravages to Sturgeon 
creek (Eliot) where Frost resided and to many places on the oppo- 
site shore of the Piscataqua. 

When Colonel Church left Boston with two hundred and fifty 
men to join Major Swaine, he took with him a mandatory letter 
from President Danforth to all the military commanders in Maine, 


requiring them to supply him with men and means, Major Frost 
promptly obeyed; and the following iMay, 1690, he sent one hun- 
dred men to serve under Captain Willard at Port Royal near Port- 
land, many of them were drawn into an ambush and slain by the 
savages. It would seem that Major Frost, residing in the town 
nearest Boston acted as a sort of general agent or secretary of war 
for the province of Maine, all orders being transmitted through him. 
The following is his commission as commander of the Maine forces, 
which position he retained until his death. 

The President of the Province of^Mayne in New England. 
To Major Charles Frost. 

Whereas you are appointed Sergt. Major of the military florces in the Pro- 
vince. Tliese are in their Majesties names to authorise and require you to take 
into your care and conduct the said military forces, and diligently to intend 
that service asSergentMajor, by Governing and exercising the miUtary forces of 
said Province as the Law directeth. Commanding the Militia of said Province 
that they observe and obey all such orders and directions as from time to time 
you shall receive from the president or other superior authority. 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto put my hand and seal the 23d day of 
August in the year 1689, Annoque R. R. et llegina Willielmi et Marise Anglica 

Thomas Danfoth President. 

[Instructions accompanying the above.] 

ofMayne. To Major Charles Ffrost 

Instructions as followeth 

Pursuant to the Comission signed, & bearing same date with these prsents 

You are with all care & speed to hasten gathering of your iSoldjers together, 

and in case Capt. Simon Willard be in any wise disinabled that he cant attend 

yt service you are to comissionate such other meet person as you shall Judge 

meet. & appoynt all other officers as you shall have occasion. 

You shall in all places & by all wayes & meaues to j'^our power take, kill, & 
destroy ye enemy without limitation ot place or time as you shall have oppor- 
tunity. & you ar also inipowred to commissionate any other person or persons 
to do the like. 

You shall carefully inspect all the Garisons in yr Province, & reduce them to 
such a number & appoynt such places as shall in yor wisdome most conduce to 
the preservation of the people, & yt ye great charge now expended for ye same 
may be abated. 

Comltting you to ye Co & pe 

of God almighty upon whom you 

have all yor depeudance 

I subscribe 
Ffeb. 17. 1689. Yor Loveing friend 

Tho: Danfokth, Presidt. 
[Along the margin is written] 

I have prevailed with Lt. Andrews to come back esteemeing him a fitt man 
for your Lt. and I would yt you accordingly enterteyn him. 

To Maior Charles 

Ffrost in 
P. Lt. Audros Q. D. C. Kittery 


By constant vigilance on the part of Major Frost, tlio east shore 
of the Piscataqua was preserved from many savage incursions. His 
soldiers were constantly on the alert, scouting about the borders of 
the towns. The eastern towns were deserted Some removed to 
Salem, others to the fort at Wells, bnt a great many were 
butchered or carried into captivity. The number killed to tlie east- 
ward of the Piscataqua amounted to four hundred and fifty and 
about two hundred and fifty were made captives. 

In 1693, the war raged with increased barbarity, spies were 
usually sent by the Indians to reconnoitre before tiie places in- 
tended for distinction were attacked; a constant watch was required, 
as illustrated by the following letter to Lieutenant Hill. 

April : 2 : 1G93. 
Leiut Hill 

Last night a Litle after sun sett Noah Emory was coming from Kittery to 
Sturgion Creke & by the waie sid herd som crackling of stickes : & herd a man 
whissell : upon wiiicb he stopt under a bush : and went au oilier waie : Jolin 
Smith coming after him saw a man nere Sturgion Creke bridge who i-an a waie 
down the creke : Smith being on horse back came to my Garisou — this morn- 
ing I sent out som men who saw the Indian track at the same place where 
Noah Enierey herd him whissell — Kepe out scouts about the borders of 
the towne : I will send out from hence : all or souldiers at the banke are 
draweu of those yt belong to you are sent up : dispose of them to such garisons 
at present as you thinke fitt : I have given two of them liberty to goe home for 
a few days : 

In hast I Remaine yor: Lo: Freind 
[Superscribed] Charles Ffrost major 

Ffor Leiut John Hill 

At Newitchawoneck 

Hast Post Hast 

This Lieutenant Hill was soon stationed at Fort Mary, in Saco as 
commander. In December, 1694, he married Mary Frost, the 
daughter of Major Charles. The following letter was addressed to 
him while there, and was written after the cowardly surrender of 
Fort Pemaquid on the Kennebec, when the combined force of 
French and Indians had devastated the whole province of Maine, 
with the exception of Wells, York and Piscataqua, and it was feared 
by the government at Boston that these towns also would be de- 
stroyed by a merciless foe. 

Wells August 13th: 1C96— 

Sonn Hill ^ , . ^ 

I am now at Wells with twenty horse Intending to Com over to you but 
hereing of severall guns about yor parts I have sent over three meri to know how 
it is with vou I have an order from the governor to assist you in drawnig ot : 
and I bavean order from the Leut gouernor to draw of & bring a waie what can 
be transported by Land : & to hide the rest in the ground with the great guns : 
but or townes are soe weake for want of men that if the enemie be about you 


we fere wee are too weke to com and bring yon of: I was infoj-md as I writ to 
vou that Major Church was com to or assistants but it is not soe but tis said 
he is coming with three hundred men: & major Gidney with five Iiundi-ed men 
to or assistants: or people are much troubled that yor fort should be DemoU- 
ished- Capt. Chubb gave up his fort without firing a gun against the Isnemie 
Let me here from you by the barer here of, my Love to yorselfe and wite : i 
pray god to keepe you from the Rage of the Encmie: I Remaine 
lis said six Indians Your Loving ffather in Law 

were sen here this day Charles t frost. 


To Capt. John Hill, At Saco ffort. 

Hast post Hast 

The fort at Saco was held by Hill, although all the inhabitants of 
the town were driven away or killed, and many of Hill's soldiers 
were waylaid and murdered while venturing out of the fort. 

In June following, a party of Indians placed themselves near the 
town of Exeter, and would have destroyed it but for the firing of a 
gun by some person who wished to frighten some women and 
children who had gone out to gather strawberries. The report 
alarmed and brought the people together with arms. The Indians 
supposing they were discovered, after killing one and capturing 
another made a hasty retreat, and were seen no more until July 4th 
when they waylaid and murdered Major Frost. 

It would require a volume to describe the many ambuscades, en- 
counters, murders, conflagrations and thrilling adventures that 
occurred during the ten years of King William's war, and it would 
exceed our limits to even mention as briefly those in King Phillip's 
war, which lasted only three years. Major Frost was constantly 
and actively engaged in military service until 1693 when he was 
chosen one of the governor's council. He employed his time be- 
tween sessions in guarding the forts and garrisons about Kittei*y 
and transmitting the orders of the government to the various mili- 
tary stations througliout the province. But the hour was approach- 
ing when his own life was to be offered a sacrifice to appease the 
long stifled and festering revenge of the merciless savages for the 
part he performed in the Dover stratagem. 

He was always attentive to his duties as a professing christian, as 
well as those of a soldier and statesman, and was a constant attend- 
ant on public worship when his other duties permitted. On Sunday, 
July 4th, 1697, he expressed an unusually strong desire to go with 
his family (his wife and two sons) to their wonted place of worship 
. at Newichewanack, a distance of five miles; some friends also ac- 
companied them. On their homeward journey when within a mile 


of his dwelling, a volley of musketry fired from a party of In.lia.iH 
who were hid by the wayside, under a large log which they ha<l 
covered with green boughs, brought several of the i)arty to the 
ground, among them Major Charles. The two sons who had passed 
ahead escaped any harm. 

Several versions are given by historians of this closing scene in 
Major Frost's life. One states that the major, his wife, and two 
footmen were killed; and another that three were killed and several 
wounded. A recent discovery of a letter written by Lieutenant 
Storer (a relative) iruraediately after the funeral, which he attended, 
gives a particular account of the whole tragedy which can be relied 
on. It was written to Major Frost's son-in-law, Captain Jolin Hill 
who has heretofore been referred to as the commander of the fort at 
Saco. It was found in an old chest of papers that had lain seventy 
years in a garret in South Berwick. It states that the major, John 
Heard's wife; and Danes Downing were killed, and John Heard 
wounded, and that they the next day killed the messengers who 
were sent to Wells.* 

Such was the death of Major Charles Frost, after a career of dis- 
tinguished activity and usefulness, both civil and military. The 
incidents of his life are gathered from scanty records, authentic 
traditions, and from descriptions of scenes and events in history, in 
which he is casually mentioned as having participated. To correct 

* Brother Hill my Kiud Love to you with my wifes : hoping these few Lines 
will find you in trood health as we are all at present Blessed he God for it. It 
has pleased God to take away Major Frost, the Indens waylaid him Last 
Sabbath day as he was comiuge whom from metting at night ; and killed him 
and John Heard's wife and Denes Downing and John Heard was wounded the 
Good Lord santifie it to us all. It is a Great Loss to the whole Province an 
cspesely to his famyley : and Last Monday the post that Cam to Wells as they 
went to goe whom the Indens killed them about the marked tree : namely 
Nicholas Smith Proper and Hennery Simson. Brother mistress Frost is full 
of sorry and all her Children : Charles and John was with there Father : and 
Escaped wonderfuly : and severall others with them ; Capt. Brekett went with 
som of his Company a Monday by the way of Nechewanack and I went with 
them — and -was there at the Major's Funerall ; and I see your wife full of greef: 
and your Child' is well ; Mrs. Frost and sister & all your Brothers & sisters 
Remembers theire love to you ; and Ernestly desires you to com over if you 
can possible without danger. 

pray doe not venter In the day to Com : Remember our Love to all our 
Brothers and sisters and Cousens ; and the good Lord Keepe us in these perreles 
times and santyfie all his Awfull dispensations to us noe more at present 

praying for you 

your uery Louinge Brother 

Wells the : 10th July 1697 Joseph Storer. 

' The child referred to in this letter was Sarah, afterward the wife of William 
Leigh ton. 


and arrange these materials in chronological order, after a lapse of 
nearly two centuries, was a laborious undertaking; in presenting 
them we do not pretend they are free from errors, both of omission 
and commission. We have done the best to relate facts, in order 
to rescue from oblivion the name of a prominent pioneer of the 
wilderness whose memory deserves the veneration of his numerous 

He married at the age of forty-four, Mary, daughter of Joseph 
Bolles of Wells, who survived him seven years and bore him three 
sons and six daughters, Charles, John, Nicholas, Sarah, Abigail, 
Mehitable, Lydia, Mary and Elizabeth, all settled and were pros- 
perous in life. Charles^, the oldest son, married Sarah Wainwi'ight, 
and had nine children. By his second wife who was Jane E. 
Pepperrell, widow of Capt. Andrew Pepperrell, he had one child. 
He was deacon of a church. Register and Judge of Probate and 
commanded a regiment of militia. He resided on the homestead of 
his father whose remains repose in the rear of his house, which still 
remains in possession of the name. One of his sons, Chai-les\ mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Capt. Andrew Pepperrell, and was the 
grandfather of Miriam Fernald, a lady of great excellence, who 
married William Leighton^, Jan. 5, 1778. (See Fernald note p. 53). 

Hon. John Frost, second son of Major Charles, married Mary, 
sister of Sir William and Capt. Andrew Pepperrell. (See record of 
his family in Notes on Pepperrell.) 

Mary Frost, daughter of Major Charles, married Dec. 12, 1694, 
Capt. John Hill. Their daughter Sarah, born Dec, 1695, married 
William Leighton', and their daughter Mary, born Jan. 5, 1701, 
married John Leightonl (See Hill note, page 42). 

Nicholas Frost, the youngest son of Major Charles, died in early 
life and left a widow, but no children. 

Major Charles Frost left a large estate by will, to his widow and 
children dated 1690. 




The Commander of Fort Mary at Saco during the Indian mar 
1689 to 1699, CALLED King William's war. * 

Peter Hill with his son Roger, arrived at the mouth of the Saco 
river and settled at Biddeford prior to 1648. Pie was a planter and 
chosen member of the assembly of Ligonia in that year- his son 
Roger was admitted a freeman in 1653. New Hampshire having 
sought admission into Massachusetts, the settlers of York county 
soon followed the example of their sister province, having become 
weary of the Gorges government. Peter Hill being among the first 
who made this application for admission in 1652. He died in 1667. 

Roger Hill, the son of Peter, married Mary Cross of Wells. He 
died in 1696, leaving eight children, Sarah, Hannah, John, Samuel 
Joseph, Mercy, Benjamin and Ebenezer; we will briefly notice each 
of these, confining most of our attention to the eldest son John who 
first settled in Saco but afterwards removed to South Berwick. 

Josej)li Hill, born April 5, 1670, and resided in Wells where he 
died, July 12, 1743. He married 1st, Hannah Littlefield, 2d, Sarah, 
daughter of Daniel Sayer of Wells, by this union he had two sous 
Joseph Jr., and Nathaniel. The former dying prior to his father, 
ordered by will that his estate should remain in the Hill family to 
perpetuate the name. Nathaniel received his father's large estate 
including several negroes, with the proviso that should he die with- 
out issue, the real estate was to revert to his cousins John and 
Elisha Hill of Berwick. Joseph Hill provided liberally for the 
education of his sons, and it may here be said that all the descend- 
ants of Hill were well educated for their day. His estate was ad- 
ministered, by his son, brother-in-law Wm. Sayer, and his nephew 
Hon. John Hill, of Berwick. He served as lieutenant under his 
brother Captain John at Saco, and held various oflSces in the town 
and parish, and was collector of customs. 

Samuel Hill, another sou of Roger, born Dec. 14, 1668, was com- 
mander of a packet that carried supplies from Boston to the forts 
eastward, during the Indian wars, and thus acquired the title of 


captain. He was captured by the French and Indians about IVOI, 
and with his wife detained as prisoners in Canada several years. 
He wrote to his brother John from Canada the following letter, bear- 
ing date Oct. 1, 1704 : 

"Loving brother and sister -My kind love with my wife's, lioP^gJh^se 
few lines till find you in good health, as they leave us at this f";?^- blessed be 
God for it This is to give you to understand that we are uot likely to come 
home untii next summer, when there will be a general exchange ot prisoners, 
and the reason of my not coming home this fall is, because our government 
sent no prisoners home, for those which this governor sent by Livingstone, toi 
which there was a great deal of reason to have done, and in the mean time we 
remain sufi"erers, wheras, if the governor at Boston had sent them, i snouici 
have come home with my family, and a great many others, nay, m so mucn 
that if the governor of Massachusetts had but sent one man for me, this gov- 
ernor would have let me had my family home with me. But 1 desire to wait, 
as Job did, for my appointed time is not come. I pray give my respects to 
•Maior Hammond and wife, cousin Pearce, Charles Frost, John Frost and their 
wives, and to Mr. Whittemore. Brother and sister Hill (i. e. Ebenezer and wife 
desire to be remembered to you both, and all friends, desiring your prayers, and 
of all God's people. 

Your loving brother and sister, ^^ 

Samuel and Elizabeth Hill. 

The governor of Canada sent this Captain Samuel to Boston to 

arrange an exchange of prisoners. From Kittery he writes to Capt. 

John Hill at Berwick, May 10, 1"05 : 

"Loving Brother,— These are to acquaint you of my health, and to let you 
know I have got leave of his Excellency at Boston to go to Wells and visit my 
friends there. Here are Brother and Sister Storer and Brother Hill (Joseph) 
come from Wells yesterday, with whom I intend to go thither in their boat, 
and I hope to return next week. The Governor has promised that I shall con- 
tinue here till the messenger returns from Canada. Your loving brother." 

The following year Jan, 13, IVOG, Samuel writes from Portsmouth, 

thus : 

■' Loving Brother, — After my kind love to you and your wife, praying that 
you would be very careful of yourself in going into the woods, for the enemy 
will assuredly be skulking about to take all advantages, and I am afraid they 
are near at hand, for they did design mischief this winter, before I came out of 
Canada, and people's boldness and security denote sudden destruction, therefore 
I pray, let not people's carelessness be your danger." 

Ebenezer Hill, a younger brother being in Canada at the same 
time with his wife and child, writes from Quebec, March, 1704-5, 
to his brother Captain John at Berwick, expressing great discontent 
in Canada, adding: 

" Cousin Pendleton Fletcher," meaning h's sister's son at Saco, " Mary Storer 
brother Joseph's daughter, and Mary Sayer of Wells, with our other friends 
and neighbors here, are all well, and myself, wife and child are well, and send 
kind love to you all, begging your prayers that God would direct, protect and 
keep us and in due time deliver us. 

Your loving brother and sister, Ebenezer and Abiel Hill." 


Benjamin Hill, another son of Roger, died in youth. 

Ehenezer Hill, the fifth son, was as may be seen above, a [)ris()ner 
in Canada and was captured in the following manner. " Several 
Indians in Saco, who professed to be friendly, and were freipiently 
in and around the houses of the inhabitants, called at Mr. IliU's 
house and were provided with food; Mrs. Hill being alone at the 
time was bound and the house plundered of such articles as they 
could carry and the balance destroyed. As they were about to de- 
part, Mr. Hill returned and was also made prisoner. The Indians 
took them both to Canada where they remained three years, Mr. 
Hll after his captivity resided in Saco, and died there in 1748, aged 
69 years. He held many town, and parish offices, and was deacon 
of a church. His children were Ebenezer (born in Portsmouth, and 
afterwards called the Frenchman), Dorothy, Susanna, Benjamin, 
Lydia, Joshua and Jeremiah. The latter was justice of the peace, 
he married a daughter of Captain Daniel Smith, and was father of 
the late Hon. Jeremiah Hill, collector of the port of Saco. 

Sarah Hill, daughter of Roger, married Pendleton Fletcher, a 
man of distinction in Saco. He died a prisoner in Canada, and his 
widow married William Priest. 

Hannah Hill, another daughter of Roger, married Lieutenant 
Joseph Storer, who was an active officer in the second Indian war in 
Wells, and had a garrison near the late Dr. Hemmenway's church. 
He was the ancestor of the Hon. Joseph Clement, and Woodbury 
Storer, and also of Commodore Storer, IT. S. N., and Prof. D. H. 
Storer of Boston. 

Mercy Hill, the youngest daughter of Roger, married David 
Littlefield and their descendants are numerous in Wells and Keuue- 

Leaving the other children of Roger Hill, our attention will be 
directed t^o his oldest son John and to the Indian war, with which 
his life was interwoven, 

John Hill was born in Saco, March 28, 1666, and received a good 
common school education. In 1686, he entered into an equal part- 
nership with Francis Backus, in building a sawmill at a place 
called Backus's Creek. By their mutual agreement, Backus was to 
furnish the timber, ana Hill " was to learn how to kilter the saws 
and keep them in order." 


In 1689, the Indian war broke out, and lasted ten years, it is 
known as King William's war. A military company was called 
into service immediately under command of Edward Seargent, and 
John Hill was commissioned by Thomas Danforth, president of the 
province, its ensign. He was employed in scouting but most of the 
time he served in the forts at Saco, Wells and South Berwick. In 
1690, the settlement at Salmon Falls, and the fort at Falmouth, 
near Portland were destroyed ; many of the inhabitants killed and 
others carried into captivity. The garrison at Saco being small, 
the inhabitants fled to Wells, among them were Joseph, Samuel, 
Hannah and Mary Hill and their father Roger, they remained there 
permanently, John however remained and successfully defended the 
fort at Saco. 

He had the preceding autumn, received orders from Col. Benj. 
Church the renowned Indian fighter, " to scout," and " to command 
the twenty soldiers quartered at Saco garrison." It was also 
ordered that " the 40 soldiers posted at Saco, Scarboro' and Spurwink 
(Cape Elizabeth), be in separate commands, but are to attend to 
the command of Ensign John Hill respectively, as they are con- 
cerned upon their scoutings." 


" Benj. Church." 

The mother of John Hill probably remained at the fort with her 
son at Saco, as we find the following letter written to her from 
Wells, by her husband Roger Hill, and dated May Y, 1690. 

" Dear and loving wife, — These are to let you know that we are all well 
here, blessed be God for it, and all our children remember their duty to you. 
The Indians have killed Goodman Frost and James Littletield, and carried 
away Nathaniel Frost, and bm-nt several houses, here in Wells, and I would 
have our son John Hill to hire a boat if he can, to bring: you and some of our 
things by water, for I fear it is not safe to come by land. Son John be as care- 
ful of your mother as possibly you can, for it is very dangerous times ; the Lord 
only knows whether we shall ever see one another any more. Praying for 
your prosperity. 

Your loving husband, until death, 

Roger Hill. 

Remember my love to son Fletcher and daughter, and all their children, 
and to all my neighbors in general. 

Son Storer and wife remember their duty to you, and love to their brother 
Fletcher and all cousins, and yourself. " 

The following year Hill was stationed at Wells, where he received 

the following note from the governor's secretary, dated at Boston : 

" Ensign Hill at Wells " ' " June 4—1691 

These come to accompany 35 soldiers ordered for enforcing of the garrisons 
at Wells, who are to be put under your conduct until Captain Convers returns. 


within ten days Expecting you will carefully improve them for scoulinK to 
observe the motion of the enemy " ** 

On the 25th of January, 1692, the Indians surprised and nearly 
destroyed the town of York, seventy-five of the inhabitants were 
killed and about the same number carried into captivity. On the 
10th of June following, a large force of French and Indians about two 
hundred, made a furious attack on the garrison at Wells, commanded 
by Captain Convers, who with Ensign John Hill and fifteen regular 
soldiers, aided by the few families collected there for protection, re- 
pulsed the enemy with a heavy loss. The people in the garrison, 
women as well as men, assisted the soldiers in passing cartridges and 
firing muskets at the enemy. This was considered the most brilliant 
achievement of the war. Cotton Mather in his " Magnalia," de- 
scribes Ensign Hill's good conduct in the fight, and of his meeting 
a flag of truce of the enemy to hold a parley, and his subsequent 
escape from an ambush the Indians had prepared for him, in glowinf 

After this victory Hill was promoted to a lieutenant, and was 
stationed at Quampegan and Newichewanach in South Berwick, 
under Major Charles Frost who was stationed at Frost's garrison at 
Kittery, and commanded all the forts on the east side of the Pis- 
cataqua. Spies were usually sent by the Indians to reconnoitre before 
they approached a place they intended to destroy. There is a letter 
from Major Frost to Lieutenant Hill, which gives an idea of the 
vigilance and circumspection necessary to be observed in those try- 
ing times.* 

Hill's station at this time was about five miles from Major Frost's 
garrison and dwelling, where oflicial duties required his frequent 
visits. A daughter of the major named Mary, attracted his atten- 
tion, and soon after (Dec. 12, 1694), became his wife. Another 
daughter of Major Frost married Ichabod Plaisted, then in the legis- 

Towards the close of April, 1693, Hill received the following 

letter from three of the council in Boston: 

" Capt. John Hill " 

Sir His Excellency hath been pleased to commissionate & appoint you to 
take the charge of a company for their Majesty's service, and pursuant there- 
unto hath sent you a Commission of Captain. By virtue of a Commission and 
Instructions given to us by his Excellency, with the advice and consent of the 
Council, we have ordered Capt. Convers to erect a garrison upon baco Kiver, 
where his Excellency intends to be, to give further orders and directions about 
the same ;— these ar e to order you to march, with such of your compapy as are 

* See Frost Memoir, page 95. 


suitable unto Saco, there to attend Capt. Convers's orders or such other orders 
as you shall receive from his Excellency Major Frost, or from us, from time to 
time. There are 80 men to be sent to Saco ; for dispatch, in erecting 3d garri- 
son,— fifty whereof will be drawn off with Capt. Convers, to march East, in an 
expedition for their Majesty's service, and then the remainder, which will be 
30, together with those posted at Wells, are to be your company, yourself to 
keep the post at Saco, and see the garrison finished. Those at Wells to be left 
under the conduct of your heutenant. Jeremy Storer. Signed, 

Barthw Gedney, 
Elisha Hutchinson, 
John Wallet " 

Immediately after John Hill's arrival in Saco, his brother-in-law 
Ichabod Plaisted, wrote him the following, dated June 9, 1693. 
" Last night we had four persons carried away from the garrison by 
the Indians, and one wounded. The place was at Sturgeon creek 
(Eliot) and those carried away were Nicholas Frost's wife* and two 
children and the widow Smith." 

He remained in the command of. Fort Mary until 1700. His com- 
mission, of the same tenor as the former one by Governor Phips, 
was renewed in Sept., 1696, by Lieut. Governor Stoughton. A 
letter addressed to him by his father-in-law Major Frost, soon 
after the cowardly surrender of Fort Pemaquid on the Kennebec, 
by Captain Chubb, will be found in the Memoir of Major Frost, and 
illustrates how serious the loss of this fortification was, as the com- 
bined force of French and Indians devastated the whole province 
with the exception of Saco, Wells, York and Piscataqua, and it ap- 
peared doubtful if these could be defended. 

The fort at Saco was bravely defended and held by Hill, although 
the inhabitants of the town fled and many of Hill's soldiers were 
waylaid and killed. 

Early this year (1696) Roger Hill, father of Captain John, died 
and a division of his movable estate took place soon after, as appears 
by the receipt of his heirs " Wells, December 18th, 1696. Received 
of Capt. John Hill, administrator to father Hill's estate of the move- 
ables to our full satisfaction. Rec"^ by whose names are hereunder 
written. Joseph Storer, Samuel Hill, Joseph Hill, David Littlefield, 
Pendleton Fletcher." 

The real estate was divided among the children in Oct., 1702, by 
mutual agreement; John the oldest son, taking a double portion, 
and the others sharing equally. Previous to this Pendleton Fletcher 
whose name is attached to the receipt, died in captivity in Canada, 

* Wife of Nicholas Frosts, Maj. Charles' youngest son. See Fi'ost Memoir, 
page 98. 


and Ebehezer Hill was absent in Saco. The mother of Captain Hill 
resided with him and in 1720 conveyed all her property in lierwick 
to him. She died soon after. 

Captain Hill while at Saco, acted as agent for William Pejjperrell, 
father of Sir William, in directing the building and launching of his 
vessels; to whom Pepperrell writes Nov. 2, 169G.* IMajor Charles 
Frost, the father-in-law of Capt. Hill, was killed by the Indians July 
4th, 1697; and soon after Major John March, who succeeded to the 
command after Major Frost's murder, writes to Capt Hill: 

" Wells, Aiig't 3d, 1C97 
" Capt. John Hill. 

" Sir, — My kind respects and service to yourself hoping these will find you 
in health, as I am blessed be God for it. Sir, I thought it good to let you umier- 
stand I am now in Wells, and thought it convenient to inform you of my pro- 
ceedings as to ordering out scouts from Wells to Saco to yourself, by reason of 
the inhabitants of Wells standing in much need of gruards in marshes now in 
the hay season, I have ordered scouts to come every two days to you, hut they 
shall come mounted and in the night, and stay wnth you the next day, and to 
return to Wells the next night. Likewise I have sent out two or three English- 
men with Lieut. Leatherby, with about 30 Indians, who have orders Irom my- 
self to go out as far as Casco (Portland) and Black Point, and they are to lay out 
in ambuscade a week or ten days, I am in hopes they will make some discovery 
of the enemy, or come up with them, and sir if they should have occasion for 
any provisions or any assistance by way of advice, pray sir supply and assist in 
the matter, and sir for what provisions they have I will give you a receipt, and 
in so doing you will oblige 

Your friend and servant at command 

John Makch, 

The entire number of the garrison, including the officers of Fort 
Mary, in February, 1699, as shown by the pay roll was sixteen, they 
were, Captain John Hill, Lieut. Joseph Hill, Corporal Ebenezer 
Hill (brothers of the captain), Pendleton Fletcher (nephew of the 
Hills), Thomas Harvey, Samuel Smith, Edmund Leverett, John 
Crocker, Benj. Mayers, Humphrey Deering, Shubael Henning, John 
Sweeting, Henry Taylor, David Jones, Mark Round and Jeflfry 
Mercy. Two-thirds of this number, exclusive of the officers, could 
not write their names. 

The governor's secretary wrote the following letters to Captain 

Hill, which show the absolute confidence and trust reposed in him, 

by the governor and council. 

" Boston, Feb. 8, 1699. 

" Sir,— 1 am commanded by his Excellency to acquaint you that by letters from 
Governor Winthrop of Connecticut and a narrative given to lum by Owonco, 
Sachem of the Mohegans, the Indians have been abused by a malicious and lymg 

* See letter in Historical Sketch, page 23. 


report insinuated to them that the king of England is sending over forces to cut off 
and extirpate them which has instigated them to enter into a combination against 
the English, and to send presents one to another to engage them thereto. And it 
is said some of the new Roxbury Indians are drawn off and gone eastward. It is 
thought necessary that you be advised hereof, that as you have opportunity you 
may endeavor to undeceive the Indians and to give them to understand there is. 
nothing in said report, but that they stand in good terms witli the king's govern- 
ment whilst they continue peaceably and orderly, and may expect protection 
from them. So it will be prudent to us to use all vigilance and circumspection, 
to observe their motions and behavior, and to endeavor the preventing of their 
taking advantage by any surprise which you are directed to take care of at the 
garrison under your conmiand, and to avoid all occasions of giving them any 
provocation. You are not ignorant of their insults and falseness. My lord has 
received letters from Albany dated the first of this month which advise him 
that all things are well there. 

Your friend and humble ser't 

Isaac Addington. 


Subjoined is the following: 

" Capt. Hill, sir, — I made bold to open your letter because there came a report 
that the Mohegan Indians intend to fall on the English forthwith, but since I 
looked into it I hope there is no great danger as yet. The Good Lord fit us 
for his own will. 

Your brother 

Joseph Hill. 
Feb'y 21, at sunset, 1699." 

" Boston March 12, 1699. 
" Captain Hill, sir, — I am commanded by his Excellency and Council to ac- 
quaint you by several credible informations from divers parts they are per- 
suaded to believe that the Indians of Pennicooke, &c., are forming a devilish 
design of raising a new war upon the English and that they are hastening to begin 
to put it in execution, possibly in the moonlight nights now drawing on, and to 
begin that you forthwith put all things in good order within the garrison under 
your command, and be very careful of keeping good watches and lookouts, and 
observant of the behavior and carriage of the Indians, especially of those that 
resort unto you on the account of trade, and that they gain no advantage for 
the perpetrating of any mischief or surprise, withal avoiding the giving them 
any just provocation or beginning a quarrel with them. You are not unac- 
quainted with their stratagems, and it is believed your prudence will direct you 
to do what shall be necessary for the safety of yourself and those under your 
command and the public peace. 

I am with respect yr hum'e ser't 

• I. Addington, Sec'y. 

In August, 1699,* Bellamont, who was the royal governor of New 
York and Massachusetts, addressed the following personal letter to 

* Richard Coote was the second sou of Baron Coote and was made Earl of 
Bellamont in the Irish peerage by William III, he was a member of Parliament 
and commissioned as governor of New York in 1695, he had previously been 
commissioned governor of Massachusetts. He entered upon the discharge of 
his duties as a royal governor in 1698, and he exercised the functions of the 
office fourteen months. During his regime, Robert Kidd the noted pirate, was 
captured and sent to England in chains for trial. 


Captain Hill, which will aid in illustrating the history of the times: 

" His majesty's couacil of this province and I have agreed that it will he for 
his majesty's service, that you do with all possible speed give notice to the Sag- 
amores of the Eastern Indians, that they come hitlier to Port&moulii. N. H., to 
make their submission, and give such assurance of their fidelity and alieuianco 
to his majesty as shall be required of them, and that they be herewith on the 
10th of this present month of August, I desire therefore you will not fail to 
dispatch messengers to the said Sagamores accordingly. 

I am your friend and serv't, 

" I desire you will employ some people Bellamont." 

to collect some balm of Gilead, and I will 
reward their pains that gather it, and be 
thankful to you. " 

Captain Hill's reputation gained the entire confidence of the royal 
governor, who wrote him Oct. 19, 1699, the following confidential 

" Captain Hill, — I hope you will not fail to be extremely secret in the busi- 
ness 1 now commit to you ; if Bradish and Wetherby, the two pirates that 
escaped out of the jail of this town, be not taken and brought back by tiie last 
day of this month, I desire you will then send this inclosed letter of mine to the 
French Jesuit or Friar, that is with the Indians, at a fort called Norocoinecock, 
and that by some very trusty Indian, to whom you must give a double reward, anil 
charge him to deliver my letter to the Friar privately, that nobody may see him 
deliver it, if he can. If you manage this matter prudently, I doubt not but 
Bradish and his companion will be retaken and brought back, and your ciiief 
care must be to keep it secret that I have written to the Friar, wherein you will 

Your friend and servant, 


[Copy of the letter.] 

de Boston, de 19 1' Octobre, 1699. 
Monsieur,— L'on me donne avis aujourdui que deux Pyrates Aiiglais nouii 
nez Bradish et Wetherby qui se sont eschappez hors de la prison de cette ville 
il y a plus de trois mois, se sont retirez an Chateau des Indiens appella Noro- 
comecock ou vous tenez vostre residence a present. Je ne crois pas que vous 
pretendiez garentir in couvrier deux Sielarats de la main de la justice, et sivous 
piquez d'eu f aire de bous Catholiques Romans je suis seur que vous vous y trom- 
perez comme Jesuis persuade que des gens corame ces deux hqui sont capables 
de Piraterie (que jestime le dernier des crimes) se rendroient de maui ou Juits 
ou Mahometains, pourveu quils peussentsesauverla vie. Vous vous terez done 
plus d'honneur et eu mene temps plus de service an bon dieu, entaisent rcuoyer 
ces deux Sielarets in a Boston a fin quils recoivent la chatimeut qui leur cs cUi. 
Je donneray deux cent escus de Bradish, et cent escus de Wetherby a celui 
qui me les rameneront, et de plus j paesay les frais du voyage. J ose dire que 
Monsieur de Calliere Gouveneur de Canada vous feza ses remerciments du ser- 
vice que vousjerez au public en m'accordant la grace on plutost la justice que 
je vous demande pent estre aussi pourray. Je trouver 1 occasion de vous eu 
rendre une pareille, quand je ne manqueray pas de vous marquer que je feray. 

A Monsieur Votre tres humble semteur 

le Pere Missionaire Bellamont. 





fBoston, 19th October, 1699. 

Monsieur, I am informed to-day that two English pirates, named Bradish 
and Wetherby, who escaped from the prison in this town more than three 
months ago, have talsen refuge in the Indian post called Norocomecock, 
where you now reside. I do not believe that you intend to screen two crimi- 
nals from the hand of justice ; and if you please yourself with the hope of mak- 
ing them good Roman Catholics, I am sure that you will be deceived, for I am 
persuaded that such fellows as these, who are capable of piracy (which I con- 
sider the worst of crimes), would turn Jews or Mohammedans on the spot if 
they could save their lives by it. You will then do more credit to yourself, and a 
better service to the good God, by sending back these two criminals to Boston, 
that they may receive the punishment due to them. I will give two hundred 
crowns for Bradish, and a hundred crowns for Wetherby, to any one who will 
bring them back, and will pay the expenses of the journey in addition. I have 
no doubt that M. de Calliere, the Governor of Canada, will thank you for the 
service you will do to the public by granting me the favor, or rather the justice 
which I ask. Perhaps, moreover, I shall find an opportunity to make a like re- 
turn, when I shall not fail to testify that 

I am. Sir, 
To Monsieur Your very humble servant, 

the Missionary Father, Bellamont. 


Just before he tendered his resignation, Mr. Addington sent the 

following letter of interest. 

" Boston Nov. 28th, 1699. 
" Capt. Hill. — I am commanded by his Excellency and Council to signify 
unto you that upon information given them by Capt. Sylvanus Davis lately 
come from Casco Bay (Portland) of a considerable number of Indians gathered 
together in those parts, in expectation of receiving some supply for trade and 
that they had brought witli them stores of peltery tor that purpose ; the Gover- 
nor and Council have thereupon thought fit to order a vessel with suitable 
goods, provisions, to be forthwith dispatched into those parts for the supplying 
of and trading with the said Indians, of which you are to forward the speedy 
notice unto the said Indians by some prudent person belonging unto the garri- 
son under your command, to the intent the said Indians may not draw off in 
disgust, looking at themselves to be neglected by the government. 

I am Sir you obedt. Ser't. 

Isaac Addington, Secretary. 

In November, 1699, Capt. Hill, having served through the war, 
over ten years, resolved to resign his commission and retire to pri- 
vate life. The governor in compliance with his request, granted 
him permission "to visit Boston to adjust his accounts," and in the 
following April, received his resignation. 

, By Ms Ekcellency the Earl Bellamont. 

"Whereas, upon your request to be discharged from his majesty's service, I 
have thought fit to appoint and commissionate George Turfrey Esq. gent, to 
be captain of his majesty's Fort Mary, at present under your command. 

You are therefore hereby ordered, upon receipt hereof (which I send by sd. 
Captain Turfrey) to surrender and deliver up to his the said Tturfrey's charge 


and commanding said Fort Mary, and all the guns, artillery, ammunition, 
stores, provisions and appurtenances theremito belonging, and the soldiers now 
posted in garrison there : as also to deliver unto his custody all such Goods and 
Eflfects remaining unsold in your bands of what was committed to you for trade 
vpith the Indians. Taking the said Turfrey'a receipt for what you shall deliver 
to him. Hereof fail not, For which this shall be your sufKcient warrant. And 
you are upon receipt hereof accordingly discharged from his majesty's service. 
Given under my hand at Boston the eighth day of April 1700, and in the 
12th year of his majesty's reign. 

To Capt. John Hill 
Commander of his Majesty's 
Fort Mary at Saco. 

Capt. Hill became in 1701, one of the selectmen and continued to 
be chosen annually until 1711. After his resignation had been ac- 
cepted in IVOO he removed from Saco to Berwick, and built a house 
a quarter of a mile west of Great Work's falls. His brother-in-law 
Ichabod Plaisted, resided between him and the falls. Captain Hill 
followed the occupation of a planter, and owned the mills. He was 
quite successful and until his death June 2, 1713, was prominent and 
influential in all affairs of th'e Province. He was succeeded by his 
son Hon. John Hill, who, after his father's death built the house 
opposite the old residence, which was lately occupied by his grand- 
son, Captain Benjamin Gerrish. 

The children of Captain John Hill were : 

1. Sarah, b. Dec. 6, 1695. Married November, 1720, William 

2. Mary, born Jan. 5, 1701. Married Dec. 19, 1726, John 


3 John (Hon. or Judge), b. March 2, 1703. Married 1st, Eliza 
Raitt, who d. Jan. 2, 1763. Married 2d, his cotisin, widow of Rev. 
John Blunt and daughter of Hon. John Fisher. 

4. Abigail, b. Dec. 15, 1706. 

5. Elisha, b. Feb. 3, 1709, and died June 1, 1764. 

6. Eunice, b. Nov. 1, 1712, and died unmarried 1737. 

Hon. John Hill or {Judge John or Major John) as he was fre- 
quently called in early records, son of Capt. J^^^' ^^^ ^^^ 
Lsioned as ensign in 1727, by Lieut. Gov. Dummer, -^^ - \^^' - 
lieutenant; as first lieutenant by Burnet in 1 29; - -P^-^^^^ 
Belcher; again as captain in 1744, by Gov. William Shu ley, and m 
1754 as maior by Shirley. He was elected to the bouse and 
ena^e of the Legilture of^M assachusetts, and was a member of the 
governor's council from 1755 to 1771. He was appointed a justice 


of the peace, and associate justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 
and chief justice of the same, he was judge of the Court of Probate 
for a brief period. He was an intimate friend and his wife was a 
niece of Sir William Pepperrell, who reposed every confidence in 
him, and made him the depository of his will for many years prior 
to his decease. 

When appointed judge of the court, Sir William notified him 
from Kittery Point by letter thus : 

" Hon. Su-.— If you will come next Saturday and take dinner with me, I will 
deliver your commission for one of the judges, and do what I can to qualify 
you, not pretending to add anything to your qualification, but to assist in ad- 
ministering the oaths. With the best respects to our reverend and worthy 
friends, Mr. Hill and lady." 

Your sincere friend and servant, 

• ' Wm. Pepperrell. 

He was in constant correspondence with Pepperrell and often re- 
ceived orders from him respecting the training of his regiment. One 
of them, dated Sept. 18, I74rt, soon after Sir William's return from 
Louisburg, read thus : • 

" Sir. — There is some talk of a French fleet being on our coast; if so you de- 
pend there will be an army of French and Indians upon our backs. Pray be 
careful and direct all the captains in Berwick to see that all the men are pro- 
vided arms and ammunition, and let there be a good watch kept in your town 
and be much on your guard. 

Your affectionate friend, 

Wm. Pepperrell, 

A letter to him from Governor Shirley, dated July 12, 1745, says: 

This comes to give you intelligence that the French and Indians have already 
broke out in the western part, and have killed two of our men and scalped 
them. This intelligence you must send to all the exposed places near you, so 
that all persons may be upon their guard to prevent surprise. I am not with- 
out hope that when the eastern Indians find that we have succeeded at Louis- 
burg they will not be forward to break with us. 

Your friend and servant, 

"W. S." 

When Sir William's son-in-law, Sparhawk, was compelled by the 
pressure of the times to go into bankruptcy, he entreated Major 
Hill to act as one of the commissioners to settle the estates, which 
he did the following year. He attended the baronet's funeral as a 
pall bearer. 

Judge Hill was a man of stern integrity, and of extensive in- 
fluence and usefulness. He was deeply interested in religion and a 
leading man in the church and in high public stations. He died 
March 2, 1772. 


Elisha Hill, brother of the judge, left one son and perhaps more. 
This son named Elisha (resided at Great Works near his fatliur ami 
grandfather, Captain John) had twelve children, who followed him 
to the grave, six sons and six daughters. Of these sons we have no 
account with the exception of John the eldest. Their names were 
John, Elisha, Jeremiah, Samuel, Ichabod and James. 

Deacon John Hill, the eldest son above mentioned, was a justice 
of the peace and member of the legislature. He was much re- 
spected for his useful and exemplary life. He died in 1810, leaving 
three or four children. 

Of the daughters Hannah, married Deacon Dominicus Goodwin, 
another married a Mr. Morrill. Abigail, married Col. Eliphalet 
Ladd, of Portsmouth, and afterwards Rev. Dr. Buckminister. 
Sarah, married a Mr. Cutts of Saco and 3fehitable, a Mr. Fernald; 
another married a Mr. Whidden of Portsmouth and after his death 
a Mr. Taylor of Canada. 

The foregoing account of the Hills was gathered chiefly from 
manuscripts found in an old chest in the garret of Capt. Benjamin 
Gerrish in South Berwick, where they had been nailed up seventy 
years. Capt. Gerrish was the great-grandson of Judge John Hill, 
All the commissions held by the Hills, both civil and military, were 
among them, also forty letters from Sir William Pepperrell, some of 
which, were used by Dr. Parsons in writing his life. Some impor- 
tant facts are derived from Folsom's History of Saco. 



William Pepperrell was boni at Tavistock Parish, Plymoutli 
county, England, about 1638. He was of Welsh descent, and emi- 
grated to America at the age of 22. His education was very limited 
and he always spoke with a broad Welsh accent. He settled in ihe 
Isle of Shoals, where he became interested in the tisheries; after 
serving an apprenticeship with the master of a schooner on the 
banks of Newfoundland, he moved to Kittery Point where he 
married Margery, daughter of John Bray, the pioneer shii)builder, 
who presented him with a lot of land upon which he built a large 
house now known as the Pepperrell mansion; his son Sir William, 
afterwards made some additions and now (in 1884), it is still stand- 
ing although the family have long passed away. He died Feb. 15, 
1V34, and his wife died in 1741, all the family are buried in a marble 
tomb at Kittery. By this union Mr. Pepperrell had eight children, 
two sons and six daughters. 

2 + 1. Andrew', b. July 1, 1681; d. 1713. Married 1707. 

3 2. Mary", b. Sept 5, 1685; d. 1766. Married, 1732. 

4 3. Margery', b. 1689. Married Pelatiah Whitemore, lie was 

lost at sea near the Isle of Shoals, they had four children. 
She married 2d, Elihu Gunnison, Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas. 

5 4. Joanna', b. June 22, 1692; d. 1725. Married Dr. George 

Jackson of Kittery, they had six daughters, one of them 
Joanna^ married Charles Frosty of Portland. 

6 5. Miriam^ b. Sept. 3, 1694. Married Andrew Tyler of Boston, 

they had two sons and three daughters. 
7+6. William' (the Baronet), b. June 27, 1696; d 1759. Married 

8 7. Dorothy', b. July 23, 1698. Married Andrew Watkins and 

had two sons. She married 2d, Hon. Joseph Newmarch. 

9 8. Jane', b. 1701. Married Benj. Clark of Kingston, N. H., and 

had two children, married 2d, 1729, William Tyler, married 
3d, Ebenezer Terrill of Medford, Mass. 


ANDREW^ was born July 1, 1681, died 1713, married 1707, 
Jane, the daughter of Robert Eliot of New Castle, N. H., they had 
two daughters. 

10 1. Saeah^, married Charles Frost. 

11 2. Margery', married Caj^t. William Wentworth. After Mr. 

Pepperrell's death his widow married Charles Frost. (See 
Fernald note page 53). 

MARY^ b. Sept. 5, 1685, at Kitterj^, d. 1766. Married Sept. 
4, 1702, Hon. John' Frost, second son of Maj. Charles^ and Mary 
(Bolles) Frost. He d. Feb. 25, 1732, leaving sixteen children, 
eleven of whom reached the age of maturity. He settled in New 
Castle, N. H., where his children were born. At one time he com- 
manded an English ship of war, afterwards became a merchant at 
New Castle and occupied various prominent political positions, 
being a member of the governor's council at the time of his death. 
His widow married 2d, Rev. Benj. Coleman of Boston, and at 
his death she married 3d, Rev. Benj. Prescott, of Danvers, Mass. 
Mr. Frost's children are: 

12 1. Margaret, b. Feb. 1, 1703. 

13 2. Willlam\ b. May 20, 1705. Married Mary G. Prcscot. ' He 

served in the Revolutionary war. 

14 3. John'' (Esquire) b. May 12, 1709. Married Oct. 31, 1736, 

Mary, daughter of Timothy Gerrish of Kittery. (See Frost 
note page 48) 

15 4. Charles^, b. Aug. 27th, 1710; d. Jan. 4, 1757. xMarried 

Joanna, daughter of Dr. George Jackson (she was born June 
14, 1716, and died 1796.) He settled in Falmouth (now 
Portland), and became a man of influence and property 
there. At the time of his death he was a representative to 
the General Court, his children were : 

16 1. AMgail\h. Aug. 26, 1744; d. March, 1825. Married Oct. 

20, 1780, Daniel Eppes. 

17 2. William^ b. Aug. 20, 1748; d. 1791. 

18 3. Jane\ b. Aug. 15, 1750; died. 

19 4. And7^ew PepperreW, b. July 6, 1752; d. 1805. Married 

Eleanor Slemmons. 

20 5. Mary\ b. Aug. 19, 1711, <1. young. 

21 6. Sarah\ b. Feb. 1, 1713; d. Aug. 13, 1772. Married Rev. 

John Blount of New Castle, N. H., they had seven children. 
George*, Edward*, Joseph* and Nathaniel*, who settled in 

WM. pepperrell's descendants. 119 

New York. Abigail^ married William Parsons, wlio was 
tlie mother of Dr. Usher Parsons, the author of the Life of 
Sir William Pepperrell. After his death she married 2d 
her cousin Maj. John Hill of South Berwick. 

22 7. Mary\ b. Feb. 20, 1714; d. young. 

23 8. Audreto PejyperreW, b. April 2, 1716; d. 1796. 

24 9. Joseph\\,. Sept. 29, 1717; d. Sept 14, 1768. iManied Oct. 
20, 1744, MargaretHoltonof Springfield, Mass. Settled in New 
Castle N. H., and had eleven children: 

25 1. Margaret, h. Dec. 8, 1747; d. Sept. 30, 1805. Married 

July, 1771, Hon. John Wentworth of Dover, N. H, At his 
death Jan. 10, 1787, she became the third wife of Col. 
John Waldron of Dover. 

26 2. Joseph Jun.\ b. May 3, 1749; d. 1830. Married Sarah 

Simpson. He and his brother George, signed the pledge 
for and at New Castle supporting the American Declara- 
tion of Independence in 1776. 

27 3. George\ b. Nov. 24, 1750; d. April 18, 1808. Married 

Abigail, daughter of Captain Thomas Bell of New Castle. 
She died July 25, 1810. 

28 4. Mary\ b. Jan. 29, 1752; d. Sept. 15, 1819. Married 

Stephen Chase of Portsmouth, N. H. 

29 5. Miriam\ b. Feb. 11, 1755; d. Jan. 20, 1756. 

30 6. Ja7ie\ b. March 17, 1757; d. Dec. 10, 1837. Married 

John Salter, of Portsmouth, N. H. 

31 7. Dorothy\ b. Feb. 27, 1759; d. May 9, 1839. Married 

James Jewett of Dover, N. H. 

. Samuel\ b. Jan. 27, 1760;- d. Dec. 26, 1827. 

. Abigail', b. Sept. 6, 1762; d. April 14, 1848. 

. William GlarJc\ b. Sept. 16, 1764; d. at sea. 

. Sarah\ b. June 11, 1766; d. 1850. Married Captain Wil- 
liam S. Tibbetts. 
Abigail^ b. May 26, 1719. 

George', b. April 26, 1720; d. June 21, 1796. Married the 
widow of a former partner George Richards, had no issue 
by the union, he married 2d, 1744, Margaret, widow of 
Ebenezer Smith of Durham. He was a man of good edu- 
cation, for many years he followed the sea in the employ 
of his uncle Sir William Pepperrell, afterwards he formed 
a partnership with George Richards in mercantile pursuits, 














he was a Justice of the Peace in 1768; appointed one of the 
Judges of the Court of Common Pleas at the organization 
of Stafford county, K H. Col. John Wentwrniii of Som- 
mersworth, and Col. Otis Baker of Dover as colleagues 
with him on the bench. He was a delegate to the Conti- 
nental Congress, 1776-77, and again in 1799. For many- 
years he was Chief Justice, by his last marriage he had 
four children. 

38 1. George^. 

39 2. John\ 

40 3. MaryK 

41 4, 3Iartha Wentworth^. 

42 12. SccmueP, b. Aug. 19, 1721. 

45 15. Mirriam\ b. Oct. 8, 1725; d. June 3, 1807. Married 1742, 

Eliot Frost, married 2d Alex. Raitt. 

46 16. 3Iary\ b. July 2d, 1726. 

47 17. Dorothy^ b. April 21, 1727. 

WILLIAM^ born June 27, 1696; died 1759. Married 1722, Mary, 
daughter of Grove Hirst. He was a man of marked talents and led 
an eventful life, his fame as a military commander has been faith- 
fully recorded (see Parson's " Life of Sir William Pepperrell"). For 
his valor at the siege of Louisburg he was knighted by the king of 
England and was ever after known as Sir William Pepperrell. (See 
note in Historical Sketch, page 26). By his marriage he had four 
children : ■> 

48 1. Elizabeth^, b. Dec. 29, \723. Married Nathaniel Sparhawk 

of Bristol, R. I., by whom she had five children, two sons 
and three daughters. 

49 2. Andrew^ b. Jan. 4, 1726, graduated at Harvard, 1743; d. 

unmarried, March 1, 1751. 

50 3. William^ b. May 26, 1729, and died the following Feb- 


51 4. Margery*, b. Sept. 4, 1732; d. in infancy. 

Note.— In the genealogical record of the Frost family there being one more 
generation than in the Pepperrell, it shows Nicholas', Maj. Cha^les^ Hon. Johns, 
Joseph\ George'. The Pepperrells will follow William', Andrew% Mary*, 
William'' (Baronet) and their children would necessarily haye " 3 " in their gene- 
ration number but would still be Frosts*. 




Figures on the left indicate the date of birth ; those on the right, tli 
which the name occurs. 

pag(i on 


Abby, 72 
Abbie, 74 
Abigail, 44 
Abigail, 75 
Adaline, 61 
Alice, 57 
Alvln C. 72 
Amos, 75 
Andrew, 56 
Ann, 72 
Ann Bell, 66 
Ann P. 65 
AugastUB, 61 
Augustus Lord 57 
Calvin A. 73 
Carl, 75 
Charles, 53, 75 
Charles, 57 
Charles Jr. 75 
Charles, 73 
Charles, 73 
Charles, 75 
Charles, 57 
Charles (Doctor), 57 
Charles Henry, 57 
Charles H. 
Charles O. 56 
Charles Sumner, 71 
Charles T. K. 73 
Charlotte Lord, 57 
Daniel K. 01 
Daniel P. 70 
Dottie V. 73 
Edgar F 73 
Edgar W. 73 
Edwin, 61 
Eliot, 57 
Eliza, 74 
Elizabeth, .39 
Elizabeth, 73 
Elizabeth, 66 
Emily, 72 
Emily. 72 
Emma, 74 
Emma, 74 
Eugene, 73 
Fannie, 75 
Florence, 74 
Florence Belle, 62 
Frank, 73 
Frank P. 75 
Franklin, 75 
Frederick William, 62 
George, 52, 68 
George, 66 
George, 72 
George Bridge, 59 
George C. 72 



George Eliot, .58 
George F. B. 66 
George P. 66 
George W. 62 
George W. 71 
George W. Jr. 62 
Grace, 75 
Grace H. 66 
Guy Oliver, 62 
Harry, 73 
Harry, 70 
Harvey, 75 
Harvey VV. 74 
Harriet. 61 
Hattie K. 73 
Hattie L. 73 
Helen, 72 
Henry C. 73 
Henry J. 70 
Hiram E. 70 
Horace, 72 
Horace Eliot, 59 
Horace M. 59 
Hosea, 72 
Ida W. 73 
Isabella K. 56 
Ivory, 69 
James, 52, 71 
James, 75 
James, 72 
James, 73 
James, 72 
James, 72 
James (Doctor), 71 
James C. 73 
James M. 71 
John, 39 

John (Lieutenant), 44 
John, 44 
John, 45 
John, 47, 61 
John, 52, 62 
John, 65 
John, 75 
John. Jr. 63 
John B 62 
John S. 69 
John W. 61 
Jonathan, 47-60 
Jonathan, .55, 61 
Jonathan (Doctor), 71 
Joseph, 46 
Joseph, 72 
Joseph, 72 
Josi'ph, 72 
Katharine, 44 
Mary, 46 
Mary, 53, 75 

1797. Nathaniel, 57 
1875. Nathaniel, 59 
1803 Nathaniel D. 63 

1859. Nellie, 74 
1822. Newell S. 74 
1813. Olive, 61 
1806. Oliver T. 62 

1851. Oliver W. 62 
1808. Oner. 65 

1812. Oner, W! 
1865. Rosa. 72 
1707. Samuel, 40 
1780. Samuel, .53, 74 
1790. Samuel, 63 
1840. Samuel, 65 
1808. Samuel, 65 

1740- Samuel (Captain), 48 
1771. Samuel Jr. (Gen.), 52, 62 
1829. Sarah A . 61 
1800. Sarah Parsons, 63 
1885. Thomas S. 73 
181.3. Seba French, 70 
1769 Stephen. .52, 69 

1813. Stephen A. 70 
1806. Stephen Jr. 70 

1831. Susan F. 69 

18.58. Susan F. 70 
1885. Thomas S. 73 
1701. Tobias, 45 
1728. Tobias, 40 
1742. Tobias Jr. 46 
1764. Tobias, 52, 68 
1802. Tobias, 69 
1812. Tobias, 72 

1810 Usher Parsons (Dr.), 65 

1832. Walter, 75 

1852. Walter, 73 

1860. Walter, 73 
1880 Walter E. 70 

1635. William (Captain), 37 

16.59. William, 39 
1696. William, 42 
1723. William, 44 
1751. William. 47, .53 
1766. William. (W 
1784. William. '>5 
1793. William, 61 
1816. William, 73 
1867. William, 74 
1874. William 11. 73 
18.50. William M. 73 
1815. William W. 56 
1829. William W. 62 
1804. William Parsons, 65 
1810. William Parsons, 64 
1883. William P. 74 





Figures on the left indicate tlie date of birth ; those on the right, the page on 
which the name occurs. 


1855. Lizzie, 75 
1861. Mabel, 75 
1866. Oscar, 75 


1876. Wilson, 70 

. John, 60 

. William, 60 

1815. Charles Leighton, 55 
1822. Cotton Chase, 55 
1827. John William, 55 
1819. Mirriam Sarah, 55 
1817. Samuel Andrew, 55 

1817. Clara P. 67 
1796. Elizabeth P. 66 
1798. George, 67 
1808. Joseph. 67 
1806. Joshua, 67 
1812. Mary Jane, 67 
1802. Oliver, 67 
1800. Samuel Leighton, 67 

1883. Benjamin Alcot. 68 
1872. Leighton J. 66 
1877. Usher Clarence, 66 
1879. Edward Foster, 66 



Charles, 54 
Charles, 54 
Cotton, 54 
Edward, 54 
Josiah, 54 
Mirriam, 54 
Sally J. 54 
William, 54 


1819. Calvin, Jr, 69 

. Eliza, 69 

18.32. Erwin F. 69 
1821. Francis R. 69 
1829. Milton, 69 
1840, Malcolm H. 69 

, Nancy, 69 

1824, William Leighton, 69 


1861. Augustus, 57 
1882. Edgar E. 57 

1866. Maria K. 57 
1873. Virginian, 57 


1833. Angeline, 71 
1831. Hannah, 71 
1829. Hosea, 71 

1839. Martha, 71 


1834. Charles H. 70 
1843, Joseph J, 70 

1837, William C, 70 

, John Leighton, 62 


, Irving, 75 

, Nancy, 75 

. Stephen, 75 


1777, Abigail, 60 
1780, Elizabeth, 60 
1788, James, 60 
1783, John, 60 
1793, Joseph, 60 
1785, Mary. 60 
1797. Mirriam, 60 
1795. Nancy, 60 
1790, William, 60 


, Joseph. 63 

, Sylvester, 63 


. George, 62 

, Martha, 62 

, Fanny Leighton, 66 

1842. Charles F. 64 
1845, Emma A, 64 
lair. John Leighton, 64 

1840. Mary E. 64 

1838. Sarah Parsons, 63 


1856. Emma L 62 

18.50. Ella Bruce, 56 
1861. Howard, 56 
1855. John Freemont, 56 

1857. Lizzie Ransoms, 56 

1880. Abby, 72 
1798. Elizabeth, 64 
1878. Inez, 72 
1816. Jane Shannon, 65 
1802. Joseph, 65 j 
1807. Mary A. 65 
1796, Rishworth, 64 
1791. Samuel, 64 
1804. Samuel, 64 
1804, Tristram Frost, 65 


1818. Benjamin, 55 

1818. Benjamin, 54 

1849. Benjamin C. 55 

1878. Benjamin Leighton, 55 

. Caroline Rebecca, 55 

1852. Charles Irving, 55, 
1842. Charles W. 54 
. Clara B. 54 

1833. Edward A. 54 
1858. Elizabeth Anna, 55 
1835. Emily A. 55 
1835. Emily F. 54 
1855. Eva Josephine, 55 
1857. Frank E. 54 
1849. George E. 54 
1851. George F. 54 
1876. Helen May, 55 
1845. Lizzie M. 54 
1845. Mirriam Isabell, 55 
1830. Sarah A. 54 
1806, William Leighton, 54 

1811. William Leighton, 55 


. Hannah, 66 

. Samuel Leighton, 66 


1822. Eveline, 68 

1824. Harriet, 68 

1818. John B. 68 

1810. Matilda, 68 

1827. Oliver B. 68 

1820. Rhoda L. 68 

1816. Sophia J. 68 

1812. Sylvester, 68 
1814. William B. 68 


18.34. Abigail E. 70 

1853. A. P. 69 

1848, Benjamin F. 69 
1845, Charles Leighton, 69 

1849, David B,, 68 
1839, Electa, 70 



1836. Henry L., 69 
1831. Louisa I. 70 
1826. Mary Ann, 70 
1839. Mary E. 69 
1843. Samuel, 70 
1841. Sarah, 69 

1837. William F. 69 

1857. Edward, 73 
1860. Mary H. 72 

. Grace F. 63 


. George, 59 

. Isabel, 60 


. Johu, 59 

. Mirriam, 60 

. Olive, 60 

. Sarah, 60 

. William, 59 

1804. Abigail P. 67 
1822. Betsey H. 67 
1806. Julia Ann, 67 
1802. Alary, 67 
1808. Samuel Leighton, 67 

1844. George, 70 
1846. George, 70 
1842. Hannah E. 70 






Mary J. 70 
Allre, 69 
•'iillii-rinc, 5U 
Dtpi'iidiMce, Jr. SO 
Dortaw, ,'i!) 
Dorcuc, .M) 
.lameit, Tii) 
•)amet<, 59 
John, B9 
Mary, .111 
.Mary, ."i!) 
Mirriam, 59 
Nicholat., ,v,l 
Sainue. Leighton, 48 
Surah, !>!! 
'robian, Kt 
William, 59 



Figures on the left indicate the date of marriage ; those on the rig-ht the jiage 
on which the name occurs, 

. Ferguson, Timothy, 56 1809. Mclntyre. William, 68 

1776. Pogo-, Johu, 60 1834. Morrill, Benjamin F. 69 

1882. Foss, C. H. 70 1826. xMorrill, David, 70 

17—. Pox, Bradstrcet, 63 1809. Pegram. Xattiai], 72 

1717. Gerrish, Paul. 42 18-. Pool, William, 57 

. Goodwin, Moses, 54 18— • Pratt, Fairlicld, (« 

67 1847. Green, Stephen, 62 1773. Raitt, William, 60 

1865. Gregg, George E. 66 ^. Homick Wa.-hlugiou, 57 

18—. Hall, Thomas F. 63 1T9(I. Ricker, Peletiah. 67 

1851. Hammond, Pierpont, 62 1S40. Sampson, Robert, 70 

. Harrold, Capt. William. 1768. Shaplcigh Dependence, 59 

1849. Hill, William, 56 1761. Shapleigh, Tohias, 48 

. Hunkins, John, .39 1778. Stacy, John, 60 

18—. Jones, Wm. (Doctor) 66 1782. Staples, Nathaniel, 61 

1875. Jordan, Albert, 72 18—. Stevens, George M. 56 

1789. Jordan, Joseph. 64 18—. Teevett, Oliver, 61 

1821. Jordan, R. Tristram, 55 1884. Varuey, Charles E. 74 

1871. Jordan, Walter, 72 18.37. Walker, Smith, 74 

1805. Kennard, Benjamin, 54 1717. Weutworth, Bciij. II 

1810. Kennard, William, 55 1861. Whiteliouse. Capt. 63 
18—. Lamprey, Eli, .57 
1793. Lancton, Timothy, 66 






Addington, Ilarvov. 7 
Baker, Charles K. 62 
Barron, John W. 70 
Bartlett, John. 60 
Bradbury, Samuel, 55 
Bragdon, Joshua, 66 
Bragdon, S. Leighton, 
Bronson, Benj. P. 66 
Burney, John H. 65 
Chase, Cotton, 54 
Clement, Joseph W. 74 
Copelaud, Calvin, 69 
Crane, Benjamin, 61 
Curtis, Henry, 74 
Davis, Elias, 52 
Dounell, H. Frank, 57 
Dore, John, 71 
Dyer, John, 61 
Elder, Joseph B. 70 
Emerson, Benj. 65 
Emery, Japhet, 62 
Paver, Stephen, 74 





Addiugton, Isaac, 110 
Aldsworth, Robert, 17 
Andros, Edmund, 20, 85 
Atwood. Isaac B. 69 
Averill, Clarence, 64 
Backus, Francis, 46 
Baincourt, Jean de, 12 
Baker, Wm. P. 65 
Bane Capt. Jonathan, 18, 46 
Barnet, Bartholomew, 18 
Barney, James, 88 
Bartlett, John H., 60 
Beauchamp, John, 16 
Belcher, Governor, 43 
Bell. Capt. Thomas, 119 
Bellamout, Gov. (Earl), 108 
Bernard, Geo M. 55 
Blount, Rev. John, 62, 118 
BoUes, Joseph, 38 
Bonigrhton, Richard, 18 
Bottes, Isaacke, 88 
Bradbury, Capt., 46 
Bradstrect. Thomas. 85 
Bragdon, Arthur, 19 
Bragdon, Capt. Joshua, 52 
Bray, John. 20 
Buckminister, Rev. Dr. 113 
Burnett, Governor, 43 
Broughton, George. 
Butler, Charles M. 67 
Came, Charles, 68 
Came, Jairus, 58 
Cammock, Thomas, 16 
Carr, Dr. Moses, 42 
Carr, Sir Robert, 23, 82 
Cartwright, George, 23 
Chadbourne, James, 45 
Champlain, Samuel de, 12 
Champernoon, Francis, 20, 82 
Chandler, Rev. Samuel, 33 
Chapman, W. W. 66 
Chase, Stephen, 119 
Chubb, Captain, 106 
Church, Col. Beuj. 117 
Coe, Alvin, 72 
Coleman, Rev. Benj. 118 
Converse, Captain, 105 
Crocker, John, 107 
Cross, John, 42 
Cutts, Edward, 47 
Cutts, R. 49, 82 
Danforth, Gov. Thomas, 85 
Davis, Maj. John, 85 
Deering, Humphrey, 107 
De Monts, Sieur, 12 
Dennlson, Daniel, 91 
Digby, Thomas, 15 
Downing, Danes, 97 
Dudley, Joseph, 82 
Uummer, Lieut. Gov. 43 
Dy John, 16 
Eldridge. Giles, 17 
Elkins, Thomas, 18 
Eliot, Robert, 58 

Emery, Joseph, 60 
Eppes, Daniel, 118 
Fernald, Capt. Dennjs, 53 
Feinald, John, 47, 61 
Fernald, Capt. Tobias, 53 
Fernald, Waite, 61 
Fernald, William, .39 
Fisher, Hon. John, 111 
Fletcher, Pendleton, 42 
Fogg, Dr. John S. A. 60 
Fogg. John, 61 
Folsom, Nathaniel, 41 
Frost, Maj. Charles, .38 
Frost, John, .38, 118 
Frost, Joseph, 119 
Frost, Nicholas, 18, .38 
Frost, Ficholas, Jr 38 
Fryer, Nathaniel, 20 
Garde, Roger, 18 
Gerrish, Benj. 113 
Gerrish, Hon. Timothy, 48 
Gibbons, Ambrose. 
Gibson, Richard. 
Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, 14 
Gilbert, Raleigh, 13 
Glidden, Col. Joseph, 66 
Godfrey, Gov. Edward, 17 
Goodwin, Dominicus, 113 
Goodwin. Moses, 17 
Gorges, Sir Ferdinand, 11, 82 
Gorges, Thomas, IS 
Gorges, William, 18 
Green, Stephen, 54 
Gunnison, Elihu. 117 
Hall, Moses, 56 
Halleck, Maj Gen. H. H. 58 
Hammond, iVIaj. Joseph, 39 
Hancock, John, 50 
Hanscom, Nathaniel. 62 
Harrold, Capt. William, 55 
Harvey, Thomas, 107 
Heard, John, 97 
Heard, Warwick, 86 
Hicks, Aaron, 73 
Hight, J. W. 65 
Hill, Ebenezer, 101 
Hill, Ebenezer, Jr. 101 
Hill, Elisha, 101 
Hill, Joseph, Jr. 101 
Hill, Capt. John, 20, 42. 101 
Hill, Hon. John, 43, 101 
Hill, Joseph, 106 
Hill, Nathaniel, 101 
Hill, Peter, 42, 101 
Hill, Samuel, 102 
Hilton, George, 67 
Hirst, Grove, 120 
Hobbs, Homer H. 56 
Hobbs, W. L. 56 
Hodsan, Isaac, 85 
Hooke, Francis, 85 
Jackson, Dr. George, 117 
Jefferds, Rev. Samuel, 33 
Jenkins, James, 60 

Johnson, Edward, 19 
Johnson, James, 63 
Jones. Stephen, 70 
Jordan, Judge Rishworth, 52 
Jordan, Merritt, 64 
Kennard, Wm. L. 54 
Keyes, Charles, 68 
Kimball, George G. 67 
Kimball, Israel, 67 
Kimball, Israel, Jr. 67 
Knowles, Chief, 56 
Ladd, Col. Eliphalet, 113 
Lancton, Rev. Samuel, 66 
Langdon, Tobias, 39 
Langdon, Hon. Woodbury 39 
Lawrence, James, 73 
Lear, Tobias, 39 
Leighton, Dr. Alexander, 10 
Leighton, Henry, 10 
Leighton, Robert, 10 
Leighton, Sir Walter, 10 
Leighton, John de. 10 
Leighton, William de, 10 
Leverett, Edmund, 107 
Levf;rett, Thomas, 16 
Lewis, Daniel, 62 
Littlefield, David, 103 
Madockawando. 20 
Marcey, Jeffrey, 107 
Mason, George, 82 
Mjisod, Capt. John, 16, 82 
Mason, Richard, 57 
Mather, Cotton, 43. 105 
Maverick Samuel, 23, 82 
Mayers, Benj. 107 
Mclutyre, Amos, 68 
Megunnaway, Chief, 20, 90 
Moody, Rev. Samuel, 33 
Moody, Rev. Joshua, 25, 87 
Morton, Perez, 50 
Nah-au-ada, 14 
Nason, James, 57 
Nason, John, 57 
Nason, Richard, 57 
Neal, Walter, 18, 81 
Newmarch, Rev. John, 23, 31, 

Newmarch, Rev. Joseph, 117 
Nowell, John, 49 
Nutter, Elder Hateril, 37 
Odiorne, William, 56 
Oldman, Capt. John, 16 
Orchard, Thomas, 80 
Ots James, 28 
Owonco, Sachem, 107 
Parker, John. 
Parsons, Rev. Joseph, 62 
Parsons, Dr. Usher, 63 
Parsons, William, 62, 119 
Pendleton, Bryan, 82 
Pendleton, Major, 37 
Pepperrell, Andrew. 118 
Pepperrell, William, 21, 117 
Pepperrell, Sir Wililam, 24 



Phillipa, Major, 20 
Phillip, King, 19, 89 
Plaisted, Icliabod, 105 
Plaisted, Lieut. Rogers, 87 
Plumley, C. E 63 
Popham, Sir John, 13 
Prang Martin, 1;? 
Preble, Abraham, 24 
Prefccott, Rev. Benjamin, 118 
Priest, William, 101 
Puddington, (ieorge, 18 
Quimby, Jonathan, 71 
Raitt, Alex. 119 
Ramsdell, Samuel C. 63 
Randolph, Edward, 89 
Reed, Addison P 64 
Reniick, Mark, 60 
Richards, George, 119 
Ricker, John H. 
Ricker, Joseph, 67 
Robinson, John, 71 
Rogers, Rev. John, 31, 46 
Rollins, Ichabod, 42 
Rossignol, Capt. 12 
Rounds. Mark, 107 
Sabino, Chief, 14 
Salter, John, 119 
Sanky, R. 18 
Sargeaut, Edward, 104 
Seymour, Sir Edward, 14 
Seymour, Richard, 14 
Sayer, William, 101 
Shapleigh, Liet. John, 40 
Shapleigh, Nicholas, 48 
Sherburne, Henry, 39 
Shirley, Gov. Wm. 25, 43, 111 

Shute, Gov. Samuel, 41 
Sill, Captain, 86 
Simpson, Edwar.l, 61 
Simpson, Henry, 19 
Skit-a-war-roes, 14 
Smith, DauicI, 103 
Smith, Ebenezer, 119 
Smith, Capt. John, 15 
Smith, Rev. Thomas, 33 
Smith, Samuel, 107 
Smith, William. 
Sommers, Albert, 72 
Sparhawk, Nathaniel, 120 
Spring, Rev. Alpheus, 32 
Squado, Chief. 
Staples, Capt. Peter, 45 
Stevens, Rev. Benj. 31 
Stevens, Geo. M. 56 
Stone, Joseph, 42 
Storer, Com. U. S. N. 103 
Storer, Joseph, 97 
Stoughton, William. 
Sullivan, Gen, John, 41 
Swain, Capt. 97 
Sweeting, John, 107 
Sweet, Major. 
Taylor. Henry, 107 
Taylor, Mr. 113 
Terrell, Ebenezer, 117 
Tibbitts, Capt. W. S. 119 
Toby, Stephen, 59 
Tozer, Richard, 87 
Trelawney, Robert, 16 
Tripp, Hiram N. 67 
Turfey, George, 110 
Tyler, Andrew, 117 

Tyler, William, 117 
Tyne, Edward, 92 
Tyng, Dudley, 93 
Usher, Jnhn. 82 
Vandevoort, Juniex, 71 
Verrazano, (iiovanliii da, U 
Vickery, Hon. P. (). .V) 
Vines, Kichard, 16 
Waldo, Colonel, 26 
Waldron, Col. John. Il'.( 
Waldron, Maj. Kichard, H7 
Walktr, Kzekiel, 61 
Wallingford, Kbcnczer, 42 
Warren, Gen. .lonepli, 49 
Warren, Commodore, 25 
Watkins, Andrew. 117 
Went worth, Capt U. 41 
Wentwortli, I'./.ekiel, 41 
Wentworlli. lion. John, 41 
Wentworth, .Mark, 42 
Weiitworili. Tappan, 67 
Wentwdrih, <'apt. Wm. 118 
Wryinoiith, (aiit. Geo. 18 
Wheelwright, John, 24 
Wheelwright, Samuel, 92 
Whidden, Mr. 113 
Whitmore, Pelaliah, 117 
Whitney, A. M. 7U 
Wilkinson, John, 18 
Williams, Francis, 81 
Willard, Capt. 94 
Wincoln, John, 92 
Winn, Capt. James, Jr. 67 
Winter, John, 42 
Wishart, Wm. W. 67 
Wise, Rev. Jeremiah, 33 



1836. Henry L., 69 
1831. Louisa I. 70 
1826. Mary Ann, 70 
1839. Mary E. 69 
1843. Samuel, 70 
1841. Sarah, 69 

1837. William F. 69 

1857. Edward, 72 
1860. Mary H. 72 

. Grace F. 03 


. George, 59 

. Isabel, 60 

. Johu, 59 

. Mirriam, 00 

. Olive, 60 

. Sarah, 60 

. William, 59 

1804. Abigail P. 67 
1822. Betsey H. 67 
1806. Julia Ann, 67 
1802. Mary, 67 
1808. Samuel Leighton, 67 

1844. George, 70 
1846. George, 70 
1842. Hannah B. 70 




Mary J. 7(i 

Alice, 69 
•'(itlHTinc, .V.( 

DfpindiMce, Jr. 5'J 
I'orcuH, .'i!) 
Dorcas, .'i9 
James, .'iO 
James, 59 
John, m 
Mary, ."iit 
Alary. .I!) 
Mirriam, 59 
Nicholas, .v.) 
Samiiei Leighton, 48 
Sarah, 59 
Tobias, 59 
William, 09 



Figures on tlie 'e'"t indicate the date of marriage ; tliose on the right tlie p&ge 
on which tlie name occurs. 

1853. Addington, Harvey, 75 

. Baker, Charles R. 62 

1872. Barron, John W. 70 
1772. Bartlett, John. 60 
1815. Bradbury, Samuel, 55 
1795. Bragdon, Joshua, 66 

Bragdon, S. Leighton, 67 
1871. Bronson, Benj. F. 66 
18.39. Burney, John H. 65 
1798. Chase, Cotton, 54 
1839. Clement, Joseph W. 74 
1817. Copeland, Calvin, 69 
18 — . Crane, Benjamin, 61 
18 — . Curtis, Henry, 74 
17—. Davis, Ellas, 52 
1859. Donnell, H. Frank, 57 
1828. Dore, John, 71 

. Dyer, John, 61 

18.33. Elder, Joseph B. 70 
18—. Emerson, Benj. 65 
18—. Emery, Japhet, 62 
18—. Favor, Stephen, 74 

. Ferguson, Timothy, 56 

1776. Pogar, John, 60 
1882. Foss, C. H. 70 
17—. Pox, Bradstreet, 03 
1717. Gerrish, Paul. 42 

. Goodwin, Moses, 54 

1817. Green, Stephen, 62 
1865. Gregg, George E. 66 
18—. Hall, Thomas P. 63 
1851. Hammond, Pierpont, 62 

. Harrold, Capt. William. 

1849. Hill, William. 56 

. Hunkins, John, 39 

18—. Jones, Wm. (Doctor) 66 
1875. Jordan, Albert, 72 
1789. Jordan, Joseph, 64 
1821. Jordan, R. Tristram, 55 
1871. Jordan, Walter, 72 
1805. Kennard, Benjamin, .54 
1810. Kennard, William, 55 
18—. Lamprey, Eli, .57 
1793. Lancton, Timothy, 66 

1809. Mclntyre, William, 68 
18.34. Morrill, Benjamin F. 69 
1826. Morrill, David, 70 
1809. Pegram. Nathan, 72 
18-. Pool, William, 57 
18—- Pratt, Pairtield, 63 
1773. Raitt, William, 59 

. Romick Washington, 57 

1799. Ricker, Peletiah, 67 
1840. Sampson, Robert, 70 
1768. Shaplfigh Dependence, 59 
1761. Shapleigh, Tobias, 48 
1778. Stacy, John, 60 
1782. Staples. Nathaniel, 61 
18—. Stevens, George M. 5C 
18—. Teevett, Oliver, 61 
1884. Varney, Charles E. 74 
18.37. Walker, Smith, 74 
1717. Wentworth, Benj. 41 
1861. Whitehouse. Capt. 63 





Addingtou, Isaac, 110 
Aldsworth, Eobert, 17 
Aiidros, Edmund, 20, 85 
Atwood, Isaac B. 69 
Averill, Clarence, 64 
Backus, Francis, 46 
Baincourt, Jean de, 12 
Baker, Wm. P. 65 
Bane Capt. Jonathan, 18, 46 
Barnet, Bartholomew, 18 
Barney, James. 88 
Bartlett, John H., 60 
Beauchamp, John. 16 
Belcher, Governor, 43 
Bell. Capt. Thomas, 119 
Bellamont, Gov. (Earl), 108 
Bernard, Geo M. 55 
Blount. Rev. John, 62, 118 
BoUes, Joseph, .38 
Bonishton, Richard, 18 
Bottes, Isaacke, 88 
Bradbury, Capt., 46 
Bradstreet, Thomas, 85 
Bragdon, Arthur, 19 
Bragdon, Capt. Joshua, 52 
Bray, John. 20 
Buckminister, Rev. Dr. 113 
Burnett, Governor, 43 
Broughton, George. 
Butler, Charles M. 67 
Came, Charles, 68 
Came, Jairus, 58 
Cammock, Thomas, 16 
Carr, Dr. Moses, 42 
Carr, Sir Robert, 23, 82 
Cartwright, George, 23 
Chadbourne, James, 45 
Champlain, Samuel de, 12 
Champernoou, Francis, 20, 82 
Chandler, Rev. Samuel, 33 
Chapman, W. W. 66 
Chase, Stephen, 119 
Chubb, Captain, 106 
Church, Col. Benj. 117 
Coe, Alvin, 72 
Coleman, Rev. Benj. 118 
Converse, Captain, 105 
Crocker, John, 107 
Cross, John, 42 
Cutts, Edward, 47 
Cutts, R. 49, 82 
Danforth, Gov. Thomas, 85 
Davis, Maj. John, 85 
Deering, Humphrey, 107 
De Mouts, Sieur, 12 
Dennlson, Daniel, 91 
Digby, Thomas, 15 
Downing, Danes, 97 
Dudley, Joseph, 82 
Dummer, Lieut. Gov. 43 
Dy John, 16 
Bldridge. Giles, 17 
Elkine, Thomas, 18 
Eliot, Robert, 58 

Emery, Joseph, 60 
Eppes, Daniel, 118 
Fernald, Capt. Dennjs, 53 
Fernald, John, 47, 61 
Fernald, Capt. Tobias, 53 
Fernald, Waite, 61 
Fernald, William, .39 
Fisher, Hon. John, 111 
Fletcher, Pendleton, 42 
Foprg, Dr. John S. A. 60 
Fogg. John, 61 
Folsom, Nathaniel, 41 
Frost, Maj. Charles, 38 
Frost, John, 38. 118 
Frost, Joseph, 11!) 
Frost, Nicholas, 18, 38 
Frost, Ficholas, Jr 38 
Fryer, Nathaniel, 20 
Garde. Roger, 18 
Gerrish, Ben). 113 
Gerrish, Hon. Timothy, 48 
Gibbons, Ambrose. 
Gibson, Richard. 
Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, 14 
Gilbert, Raleigh, 13 
Glidden, Col. Joseph, 66 
Godfrey, Gov. Edward, 17 
Goodwin, Dominicus, 113 
Goodwin. Moses, 17 
Gorges, Sir Ferdinand, 11, 82 
Gorges, Thomas, 18 
Gorges, William, 18 
Green, Stephen, 54 
Gunnison, Blihu, 117 
Hall, Moses, 56 
Halleck, Maj Gen. H. H. .58 
Hammond, Maj. Joseph, 39 
Hancock, John, 50 
Hanscom, Nathaniel, 62 
Harrold, Capt. William, 55 
Harvey, Thomas, 107 
Heard, John, 97 
Heard, Warwick, 86 
Hicks, Aaron, 73 
Hight, J. W. 65 
Hill, Ebenezer, 101 
Hill, Ebenezer, Jr. 101 
Hill, Elisha, 101 
Hill, Joseph, Jr. 101 
Hill, Capt. John, 20, 42. 101 
Hill, Hon. John. 43, 101 
Hill, Joseph, 106 
Hill, Nathaniel, 101 
Hill, Peter, 42, ml 
Hill, Samuel, 102 
Hilton, George, 67 
Hirst, Grove, 120 
Hobbs, Homer H. 56 
Hobbs, W. L. 56 
Hodsan, Isaac, 85 
Hooke, Francis, 85 
Jackson, Dr. George, 117 
Jefferas, Rev. Samuel, 33 
Jenkins, James, 60 

Johnson, Edward, 19 
Johnson, James, 63 
Jones. Stephen, 70 
Jordan, Judge Risli worth, 52 
Jordan, Merritt, 64 
Kennard, Wm. L. 54 
Keyes, Charles, 68 
Kimball, George G. 07 
Kimball, Israel, 67 
Kimball, Israel, Jr. 67 
Knowles. Chief, S6 
Ladd, Col. Eliphalet, 113 
Lancton, Rev. Samuel, 66 
Langdon, Tobias, 39 
Langdon, Hon. Woodbury 39 
Lawrence, James, 73 
Lear, Tobias, 39 
Leighton, Dr. Alexander, 10 
Leighton, Henry, 10 
Leighton, Robert, 10 
Leighton, Sir Walter, 10 
Leighton. John de. 10 
Leighton, William de, 10 
Leverett, Edmund, 107 
Levftrett, Thomas, 16 
Lewis. Daniel, 62 
Littlefield, David, 103 
Madockawando. 20 
Marcey, Jefifrey, 107 
Mason, George, 82 
Mison, Capt. John, 16, 82 
Mason, Richard, 57 
Mather, Cotton, 43. 105 
Maverick Samuel, 23, 82 
Mayers, Benj. 107 
Mclntyre, Amos, 68 
Meguunaway, Chief, 20, 90 
Moody, Rev. Samuel, 33 
Moody, Rev. Joshua, 25, 87 
Morton, Perez, 50 
Nab-an-ada, 14 
Nason, James, 57 
Nason, John, 57 
Nason, Richard, 57 
Neal, Walter, 18, 81 
Newmarch, Rev. John, 23, 31, 

Newmarch, Rev. Joseph, 117 
Nowell, John, 49 
Nutter, Elder Hateril, 37 
Odiorne, William, 56 
Oldman, Capt. John, 16 
Orchard, Thomas, 80 
Ots James, 28 
Owonco, Sachem, 107 
Parker, John. 
Parsons. Rev. Joseph, 62 
Parsons, Dr. Usher, 63 
Parsons, William, 68, 119 
Pendleton, Bryan, 82 
Pendleton, Major, 37 
Pepperrell, Andrew. 118 
Pepperrell, William, 21, 117 
Pepperrell, Sir William, 24 



Phillips, Major, 20 
Phillip, King, 19, 89 
Plaisted, Ichabod, 105 
Plaisted, Lieut. Rogers, 87 
Plumley, C. E. 63 
I'opbam, Sir John, 13 
Prang Martin, 12 
Preble, Abraham, 24 
Prescott, Rev. Benjamin, 118 
Priest, William, 101 
Puddingtou, (ieorge, 18 
Qnimby, Jonathan, 71 
Raitt, Alex. 119 
Ramsdell, Samuel C. 63 
Randolph, Edward, 89 
Reed, Addison P 64 
Remick, Mark, 60 
Richards, George, 119 
Ricker, John H. 
Ricker, Joseph, 67 
Robinson, John, 71 
Rogers, Rev. John, .31, 46 
Rollins, Icliabod, 42 
Rossignol, Capt. 12 
Rounds, Mark, 107 
Sabino, Chief, 14 
Salter, John, 119 
Sanky, R. 18 
Sargeant, Edward, 104 
Seymour, Sir Edward, 14 
Seymour, Richard, 14 
Sayer, William, 101 
Shapleigh, Liet. John, 40 
Shapleigh, Nicholas, 48 
Sherburne, Henry, 39 
Shirley, Gov. Wm. 25, 43, 111 

Shuts, Gov. Samuel, 41 
Sill, Captain, 86 
Simpson, Edwar.1, 61 
Simpson. Henry. 19 
Skit-a-war-voes, 14 
Smith, Daniel, 103 
Smith, Ebenezer, 119 
Smith, Capt. John, 15 
Smith, Rev. Thomas, 33 
Smith, Samuel, 107 
Smith, William. 
Sommers, Albert, 72 
Sparhawk, Nathaniel, 120 
Spring, Rev. Alpheus, 32 
Squado, Chief. 
Staples, Capt. Peter, 45 
Stevens, Rev. Benj. 31 
Stevens, Geo. M. 56 
Stone, Joseph, 42 
Storer, Com. U. S. N. 103 
Storer, Joseph, 97 
Stoughton, William. 
Sullivan, Gen, John, 41 
Swain, Capt. 97 
Sweeting, John, 107 
Sweet, Major. 
Taylor, Henry, 107 
Taylor, Mr. 113 
Terrell, Ebenezer, 117 
Tibbitts, Capt. W. S. 119 
Toby, Stephen, 59 
Tozer, Richard, 87 
Trelawney, Robert, 16 
Tripp, Hiram N. 67 
Turfey, George, 110 
Tyler, Andrew, 117 

Tyler, William, 117 
Tyng, Edward, 92 
TynK, Dudley, 93 
UchiT, John. KJ 
Vandovoort, Junien, 74 
Verrazano, (liovantnl da, 11 
Vickery, Hon. P. (). ."i^i 
VlueB, Hlchard, 16 
Waldo, Colonel, 26 
Waldron, Col. John. 119 
Waldron, Maj. Richard, 87 
Walkir. Kzeklel, 61 
WallinKford, KbiMiuzer, 42 
Warren, (ien. Joseph, 49 
Warren, Commodore, 25 
Watkins, Andrew, 117 
Wentworlh, Capt B. tl 
Wentworth, Kzekiel, 41 
Wentworth, Hon. John, 41 
Wentworth, Mark, 42 
Wentworth. Tapp&n, 67 
Wentworth, Capt. Wm. 118 
Wrymoiith, Cai)t. Geo. 13 
WheeUvriijht, John, 24 
Wheelwright, Samuel, 92 
Whidden, Mr. 113 
Whitmore, Pelatiah, 117 
Whitney, A. M. 7U 
Wilkin^'on, John, 18 
Williams, Krancii<, 81 
Willard, Capt. 94 
Wincoln, John, 92 
Winn, Capt. James, Jr. 67 
Winter, John, 42 
Wishart, Wm. W. 67 
Wise, Rev. Jeremiah, 38