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Full text of "Letters and correspondence, public and private, of the Right Honourable Henry St. John, lord viscount Bolingbroke; during the time he was secretary of state to Queen Anne;"

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To the Earl of Dartmouth. 

Fontainbleau, Auguft 21 ft, N.S. 1712. 

T LEFT Calais on Monday, according 
to what I writ to your Lordmip from, 
that place, and proceeded on my journey 
to Paris, where I arrived about fix o'clock 
Wednefday, in the evening. On the road, 
1 took all poffible precaution to conceal my 
name, and to avoid all fort of ceremony, 
by flopping to refrefh myfelf as little as 
poflible; and, when I did ftpp, by choofing 
to do it out of the great towns. My care 
was, however, in great meafure, fruitlefs ; 
and they did their utmoft, in the places 
through which 1 pa/led, to mow their re- 
fpecl: to the Queen ; fo that I arrived at 
leaft as much fatigued with compliments 
as tired with my journey. 

VOL. III. B Soon 



Soon after I got out of my chaiie, a gen- 
tleman came to me from Madame de 
Croiifi *, brought her coach, invited me 
to fupper, and told me, that Mcnfieur de 
Torcy was coming pofl from Fontainbleau, 
to meet me. In efFecr, I had not been long 
at the Hotel de Croifli before he arrived. 
There was no refilling his importunity, as 
well as his mother's, and 1 was forced to- 
continue with them during my flay at Paris. 
In thefe two days I loft no time, but purfued 
her Majefty's inftrudions-f with all the ap- 

* The mother of the Marquis de Torcy, and widow of 
the brother of the great Colbert. 

f " Inftructions for our right trufty and 

1 " ANNE R. well-beloved Coufm and Coun- 

fellor Henry Vifcount Boling- 

brcke, whom we have appointed 

to go to the Court of France. 

' You are immediately to repair to the Court of Fiance, 
and, being arrived there, to demand an audience of his Moft 
Chriftian Majefty. You are to prefent to this Prince our 
Jttitr, which is herewith delivered to you, and to acquaint 
him, that we obfcrve with great concern, that new difficulties 
have arifcn, and new delays have been created, in the nego- 
ciation, which we thought on the point of being concluded ; 
that we have fent you over fully inftru<fted in all our inten- 
tions, and fully authorised to treat and fettle every thing 
Beceflary to remove the obftru&ions which hinder the general 
fufpenfion of arms from taking place; that you are likewife 
empowered to concert with his Minillers the moft proper 
means of preventing fuch other differences as can be now 
forefeen, and of letting the treaty of peace in fuch a courfe 
as may bring it to a happy and i'peedy conclusion. You are 
to add the alTuranceb of our earntft ddxre to lee a perfect 



plication I am matter of; and I humbly 
hope that I have been fo happy as to anfwer 
the purpofes for which Ihe fent me hither. 


good underftanding between the f\vo nations reftored, and to 
life all other terms of civility which may be proper, in our 

" When you proceed to treat with the Minifters at this 
Court, you will begin by acquainting them, that we have 
directed and empowered you to conclude and execute the 
convention for a general fufpenfion of arms, by fea and 
land, between us and France and Spain. And we do hereby 
authorife you accordingly to agree to the fame for two, for 
three, or four months, or to continue it till the conclufion, 
of the peace. But, whereas we have not yet received 
fatisfaftion in thofe demands which we have thought tit to 
make in the behalf of the Duke of Savoy, and whereas the 
fettlement of the term for the fufpenfion of arms muft, in 
great meafure, be governed by the time which the complete 
execution of the article for preventing the union of the two 
monarchies of France and Spain will require, you are, there- 
fore, before you fign the convention aforefaid, to expert 
pofitive afliirances that the terms which we demand of France 
and Spain fhali be made good to his Royal Highnefs; and, 
as far forth as pofiible, to adjuft and determine the forms 
of the feveral renunciations and fettlements. 

" As to the barrier which his Royal Highnefs demands, 
and judges neceflary for his fecurity, on the fide of France, 
you are not required to infill to have thofe articles imme- 
diately granted which have been hitherto peremptorily refufed 
by his Moft Chriftian Majefty; nor, on the other hand, are 
vou to agree to any thiug which may foieclofe the Duke of 
bavoy from negociating for himfelf : this point we choofe to 
leave to be fettled between the two powers concerned. But 
you will not fail to recommend to the French Minifters, to 
haften the conclufion of it, infinuating to them, that though 
you can agree to the fufpenfion of arms, without waiting to 
have this barrier entirely fettled, yet that you do not imagine 
there will be any poflibility of prevailing on us to fign the 
peace with France and Spain, unlefs full fatisfaclion be given 
to his Royal Highnefs, and unlefs we can take him along with 
us in the doing thereof. There feems to be little or no differ - 
B 2 ence 


We began with the interefts of the Duke- 
of Savoy, from whence the principal obffocle 


encc between vvhnt has been propofed from hence and what 
is agreed to on the part of France, concerning the right to be 
eftabiifhed in the Duke of Savoy and his children, imme- 
diately after Philip and his children, to the fucceffion to the 
crown of Spain and the Weft Indies. You are, therefore,, 
to have this article again explained, and to bring it as near as 
poffible to the terms made ufe of in the memorial drawn by 
the Count de Maffei upon this fab-eel. 

" Concerning the ciffion of Sicily, you are to infift that it 
be made in the manner demanded by' us; and that this acl, 
as well as thofe neceflary on the precedent head, be finifhed at 
the fame time as the renunciation and fettlements of the 
crown of France and Spain fhnll be made. 

" You are to refufe to conftnt to defer the aftual furrender 
of this ifland to his Royal Hiuhncfs till the general peace ; 
but you are at liberty to agree that he fiiall not take poiTeflion 
thereof until his and our peace be made with France and 
Spain : in other refpefts, you will bring this article likewife 
as near as poffible to the terms made ufe of by the Count de 
Maffei in his memorial. 

" It feems too indifferent to either fide whether a formal 
fuipenfion of arms be agreed to between France and Savoy 
or not, to have this matter much infifted on; and there 
may be fome reafons why in prudence the Duke of Savoy's 
accommodation fhouid be yet a while concealed. You will,, 
therefore, have the lefs regard to this point ; and treat for his 
Royal Highnefs upon the fnppofition and condition of his 
coming into, the peace when we mall do fo. And whereas it 
has been furmifed that his Royal Highnefs might think of, 
exchanging Sicily for fome other territories contiguous to his 
own, which would by no means be agreeable to our defigns, 
or to the interests of our kingdoms ; you may, therefore, 
confent to an article to prevent the exchange or alienation of 
this kingdom from the Houfe of Savoy. 

" As to the fecond point, which you are to adjuft as fai- 
forth as is poflible, we have directed what has been prepared 
by the Civilians upon this fubjecl to be put into your hands, 
of which you will make the beft ufe you are able; and you 
will endeavour to agiee the feveral forms in fuch a manner, 
and, to concert fuch meafures for the difpatch of them, that 



to the concluium of the lulpenfion of arms 
-by lea and land arofe ; and, after fome con- 


"hen the perfons whom we mall think fit to appoint to be 
wttnefles of thefe ren'inciations and fettlements (hall arrive 
in France and Spain, there may be as little room as poilibie 
left for difpute or delay. 

" The Moft Christian Kiii'^ being very earned to obtain 
ibme advantageous conditions for the late Elector of Bavaria, 
you are to inform the French Minifters that we fhall icadily 
agree to have this Prince reftored to all which he enjoyed in 
the empire, except his rank of fiift Elector, and except the 
Upper Palatinate, both of which are to remain and belong 
to the Elector Palatine. We think this a fufticient concef- 
fion on our part in favour of the Prince above-mentioned ; 
who being in pofieffion of Namur, Luxemburg, Charleroy, 
and Nieuport, ufe may be made thereof in the general treaty 
of peace ; and he may have an opportunity there, in exchange 
for thefe places and countries, to obtain fomething further iof 

" You may, however, if you (hall find it for our fervice, 
confent on our part that he have the kingdom of Sardinia 
yielded to him ; for the obtaining thereof the pofieflions juil 
now mentioned feem to be an adequate fecurity. 

" In treating of the feveral matters entrufted to your 
management, you are to have efpecial care to avoid entang- 
ling us in any new engagement!?; and for that purpofe you 
are to fay, and to repeat, that we fliall willingly enter into 
the common guaranty for fupporting that fettlement of 
Europe which fhall be eftablifiicd by the general peacr, but 
that we will not be tied down to any ftipulation which may 
oblige us to make war, and efpecially with our old allies, in 
order to procure this fettlement. It is advantage enough to 
France that the conduct of our allies has made it reafonable, 
juft, and even neceffary, for us to withdraw oarfelvcs out of 
the prefcnt war. 

" After you mall have received fufficient fatisfa^km in all 
points before- mentioned, you may proceed to fpeak of fiich 
article-, as relate particularly to the iucercfts of Great Britain, 
and endeavour to have fuch of them as then; may appear to 
be any doubt concerning, explained in the moft advantageous 
ni .niier. 

41 You will likewifc do your beft to difrover, upon the 
B 3 feveral 


teftation, have adjufled them in this man- 
ner : 

The right of this Prince, and of his fa- 
mily, to the Crown of Spain and the Indies, 
after Philip and his descendants, is to be 
fubftituted in the fame acts, and at the fame 
time, as the feveral renunciations and fettle- 
ments are made, declared, and confirmed, 

feveral parts of the general plan of peace, what the real ulti- 
matum of France may be. And upon this head you are to 
fay, that, when we (hall conclude our treaty, it may be ex- 
pedient to fix a time for the allies to come in ; during which 
our good offices fhall be employed to reconcile the difputes 
which may arife, and to render the peace general ; but we 
(hall not do any thing like impofing the fcheme offered by 
France upon our allies, or debarring them from the liberty 
of endeavouring to obtain ftill better terms for themfelvrs. 

' When you fliall have concluded the convention for the 
fufpenfion of arms, you may difpatch to our trufty and well- 
beloved Sir John Jennings, Knight, our Admiral and Com- 
mander-in-chief of our fleet in the Mediterranean; to our 
trufty and well-beloved William Chetwynd, Efq.our Envoy- 
extraordinary to the repxiblic of Genoa j and to the Com- 
mander-in-chief of our troops in Catalonia, our orders 
which are herewith put into your hands : and at the fame 
time you are to concert with the Minifters of France, not 
only the fafe retreat of the Emperor's forces out of Catalonia, 
if his Imperial Majefty fhall think fit to withdraw them, 
but alfo the march of the Portuguefe troops, which are 
now ferving there, back to their own country. 

" We have likewife ordered fifty pafles, figned by us, in 
blank, to be put into your hands, which you will exchange 
againft the like number, as foon as the fufpenfion (hall be 
agreed ; and you may acquaint the French Minifters that 
more will be fent from hence by every opportunity. 

" Given at our Court at Windfor Caftle, the 3ift day of 
July, 1712, in the eleventh year of our reign. 

A. R." 



which are necefTary to accomplish the article 
for preventing the union of the two mo- 

Monfieur de Torcy endeavoured to leave 
this point more loofe, and either to defer 
fecuring the fucceffion of the Houfe of 
Savoy, or, at leaft, not to eftablifh it in the 
fame afts as are to pafs on the other oc- 
cafion ; but as I judged this to be the fafeft 
and moft authentic manner, I infifted, and 
he yielded. 

On the ceffion of Sicily, he would have 
adhered to the terms of his laft difpatch ; 
and urged the abfurdity of giving this king- 
dom away, till they were fure of making 
peace with Savoy. It was not difficult to 
mow that he had already departed from this 
argument, and that there could be no rea- 
fonable objection to Philip's making a ceflion 
of Sicily to the Duke of Savoy, at the fame 
time as he confented to fecure to him the 
fucceffion of Spain and the Indies ; that if 
peace did not follow, every thing which had 
been done would of courfe be void; and 
that if it did follow, the confideration for 
which this ifland was yielded would be ob- 
tained. This point being over, there was 
B 4 little 


little difpute about the time when hia Royal 
Highnefs mall be put into the aftual pof- 
feffion of this kingdom : we have fettled 
it to be on the ratification of a general 
peace between the Queen, France, Spain, 
and Savoy. 

The Count de Maffei may not, perhaps, 
be fatisfied with this agreement ; and I re- 
member, in his memorial, he defired his 
mafter might be at liberty at any time to 
take pofTerTion ; but the Duke of Savoy 
ought to look upon it as a very good bar- 
gain, and to be contented to have the ad- 
vantages which are to accrue to him, put 
into his hands, when thofe which her 
Majefty ftipulated for herfelf are put into 

I wi(h I could have prevailed on the head 
of the barrier * as far as I did on the other 
two ; but it was impoffible, at leaft it was 
fo for me. Monfieur de Torcy reprefented 
that Exilles, Feneftrelles, and the Valley of 
Pragelas, befides the reftitution of all which 
France is in poireffion of, was the utmoil 
which the King would ever confent, or had 
ever confented, to give ; that when the 

* For Savoy. 



Minifters of Savoy made, in Holland, the 
lame ulterior demands which they now 
make, the Penfionary laughed at them, and 
even at that time did not pufh him to com- 
ply with them ; that, under pretence of 
iecurity, his Royal Highnefs really fought 
an aggrandizement at the expence of France, 
and out of the ancient domain of this Crown ; 
that though a King of France was a more 
powerful Prince than a Duke of Savoy, 
yet that the latter, backed by a confederacy, 
which is the only cafe wherein he will at- 
tempt any thing, is a dreadful enemy to the 
former; that they have here a minority .to 
expect, and therefore ought to be the more 
careful not to leave the frontiers of their 
kingdom expofed ; in mort, that Sicily was 
aii ample recompence to his Royal Highnefs 
for all the iervices he has done the Queen* 
and that if her Majefty was ealy, he was 
fure the Duke of Savoy would fubmit ; he 
concluded by repeating, very earneftly, that 
the King never would grant him a larger 
barrier, and that his Majefty infifted to put 
this negative no\v, fmce he was refolved 
to do it at laft, left the Duke mould, by 
continuing in hopes, fpin out the treaty arid 
3 delay 


delay concluding the peace, for which reafon 
he.likewife infifted that the Queen mould 
concur in this negative. 

It is needlefs to lengthen my difpatch, by 
telling your Lordfhip, what anfwers I made 
to thefe repreientations. I replied in the heft 
manner I was able ; and ended, as I "am in- 
ftrucled, by letting the minifter know, that 
the Queen would confent to nothing which 
mould foreclofe his Royal Highnefs from 
obtaining what, for ought me knew, might 
be neceffary ; that this point muft therefore 
not be now looked upon as determined, but 
mufl be left open for the minifrers of Savoy 
to debate ; that I did not underfiand her 
Majefty's intentions to be to enlarge the 
Duke of Savoy's dominions out of thofe of 
France, but that I was fure me would not 
iign a peace, unlefs this Prince's fecurity 
was really and effectually provided for, 
which France having promifed in general 
terms to all the allies, could not refufe, in 
any particular, to the Duke of Savoy. 

The next head to which we proceeded, 
was that of the renunciations and fettlements 
necefiary to prevent the union of the two 
crowns, and in treating of this I cannot fay 



that I met with any difficulty. I gave no 
hopes that any expedient would be accepted 
to fign the peace, before this article was 
entirely accomplimed, though Monfieur de 
Torcy propofed, that the peace mould not 
be delayed for it, but the ratifications fhould. 
He has fince confulted Monfieur Berg- 
heyck *, and they are of opinion, that a 
month, or at raoft fix weeks' time will iurfice 
to pals all the forms, fo that I am deiired to 
recommend the difpatch of my Lord Lex- 
ington -(-, or who ever elfe the Queen (hall 
think fit to fend into Spain ; and I crave 
leave to fay, that it would be extremely 
out of courfe, if in France and Spain they 
fhould be ready to finim this important arti- 
cle, and we mould on our parts not be ready 
to witnefs the execution of it, efpecially 
when we pufh the concluding of the peace, 

and refufe to fign until all thefe forms are 

The draught of Philip's a6l of renuncia- 
tion, and the minutes taken by Monfieur de 

* Count de Bergheyck, Plenipotentiary of Spain. 

f Appointed Ambaflador- extraordinary to the Court of 
Madrid, to be prefent at the cortes held to receive the 
Denunciation of Philip. 



Torcy and me *, both which I tranfmit to 
your Lordfhip, will, I fuppofe, be a fuffi- 
cient ground-work of inftrucHons to thofe 
whom her Majefty fliallchooie to fend hither 
and to Madrid. 


* R'lzmtes taken fy Lord Bolingbroke and Monfieur dc Torcy . 

M E M O I R E. 
" Pour ^'cnfieur le Due dc SAVOYS. 

" La fubftitution du Due de Savoye & de fa famille a la 
couronne d'Efpagnt & des Indes, fera faite dans le terns que 
Tarticle qui regarde la reunion des deux monarchies recsvra 
fon accompli(Tement : cette fubftitution fera infcree dans 
tous les acles de renonciation, tant du Roi d'Efpagne que 
<le Monfieur le Due de Berry & de Monfieur le Due d 'Or- 
leans. Elle fera reconnue de fa Majefte Trei Chrctienne 
comme auffi des cortes d'Efpagne. Le tout felon le projet 
contenu dans la lettre du Vicomte de Bolingbroke au Marquis 
de Torcy, du i^me fuillet, V.S. 

il La Sicile fera cedee au Due de Savoye dans }e terns qne 
la fufdite fubftitution fera faite. Monfieur de Lexington, ou 
tel miniftre que la Reine enverra en Efpagne, etant arrive a 
Madrid, le Roi d'Efpagne fignera un article fecret, par lequei 
il promettra de ceder la Sicile a Monfieur le Due de Savoye, 
par la paix ou generaie ou particuliere, & de lui laiflerJa poi- 
feffion de ce royaume apres 1'echange des ratifications. Son 
AlteiTe Royale pourra prendre la poflTeflion aftuelle de cette 
iile des que les ratifications ou de la paix generaie, ou de 
la paix particulic-re entre la Grande Bretagne, la France, 
1'Efpagne, 6c la Savoye, feront faites & cchangecs. Et la 
Reine eft prt-t? ;. convenir avec fa Majefte Tres Chrctienne 
un article (i) pour empt-cher que fon Altefle Royale ne puifTe 
tii tchanger ni aliener ia dite ifle, fous quelque caufe ou prc 1 - 
texte que re foit. On fuivra tant a 1'cgard de la ceffion de 
hicile r,ue dc la fubftitution de fon Altefle Royale la lettre 
ri-deflus rappdt-p du Vicomte de Bolingbroke aii Marquis de 
Torry, du i;mc JuiJlet, dans tous les pointb qui ne re^oivent 
pas du changunent par ce memoire. 

" Quant a la barriere de fon A!te(Te Royale, on pent pofer 
pour principe* que la Reine ne fouhaite pas fon aggi-anditfe- 

(i) Le Roi convient dc pafTcr cct article. 



The laft point, and that on which we had 
the warmeft debates, was concerning the 
Elector of Bavaria : as foon as I arrived at 
Paris, 1 heard that he was come to Chaillot, 
in the neighbourhood, and Monfieur de 
Torcy, either was 1 , or affecled to be, under 
fome uneafmefs at the reproaches which this 
Prince would, he laid, with reafon give- 
them, unlefs they provided better for him, 
than the Queen had hitherto feemed inclined 
to allow. He turned this matter feveral 


ment du. cote de la France,. & qu'elfe ne demande que la 
ftirete de ce Prince; laquelle furete a etc dcja prornife par fa 
Majeft6 Trcs Chrttienne, a tons les allies de fa Msjefu: Bri- 
tannique. Lei, minillres de France pretendent que cette fu- 
j:ete fe troiive dans les offres qaie le Roi a fait a fon A'tefle 
Koyale de hii adrr Exilles, Fciieftrelles, & la Valise de Pra- 
gelas. Ccux du Due de Savoye infiftent, au contraire, fur 
plu&urs autres points, comme indifpenfablement nece/Tairc 
H cette furete. La Reine, qui ne peut pas prendre fur elle la- 
decifion de cette affaire, dcfire que les raifons de fon Alteffe 
Royale foient examinees, & qu'il en foit decide avec ceu*. 
de fa Majefte Trts Chrctienne a Utrecht. 

** Sur i\xflica!ion fit' Particle pcur emetbir la rc.micn des 

< e ,'.v monarchies. 

" On fuivra ce qui eft contenu dans les articles propofes par 
fa Majefte la Reine de ia Grande Bretagne pour une fufpen,- 
fion d'armes, le 6me Juin, V.3. & accepte par fa Majeltc le 
Roi Trrs Ctiretienne dans les re-ponies qu'il a donnees le 
azme du meiHc mois, N.S. La Reine depechera fans perte 
de tems, le niiniftre qu'elle a dcilein d'envoyer en Efpagoe, 
&toutes Jcs fufdites re '.-nonciations lerontfaites & acceptces par 
fu Majeftr Tn:s Chretienne, dans 1'efpare de fix fernaines, on 
p-utot s'il eft poilible. Cet article fouftVira d'autant moins de- 
difficulte que le Roi 1'a d<jji arcordc, 8c que fi la paix gcncrale 


ways, and made variety of propositions* 
which it was plain enough were not ex- 
tempore, though he appeared defirous I 
mould look upon them as fudden thoughts, 
which occurred to him in treating $ at laft 
he retted on this, that the Queen fhould en- 
gage to procure for the Elector, the duchy 
and electorate of Bavaria, exclufive of the 
Upper Palatinate and the rank in the Elec- 
toral College, which 1 had from the firft 
peremptorily rejected ; and that me mould 
farther promife to maintain him in the pof- 
feffion of the duchies and towns of Lux-em-* 

ou particuliere ne s'enfuit point, tous ces aftes doivent etre 

" Sur ks inltrets de /'ELECTEUR de BAVIERE. 

" La Reine eftime qu'il eft jufte que 1'Elecleur de Baviere 
foit retabli dans la pofleffion du ducht & electorate de Baviere, 
a 1'exreption toutefois du Haut Pabtinat, qui demeurera & 
apparticndra avec le dignite & le rang de premier Ele&eur a 
I'Elecleur Palatin, & a fon defaut au Prince Charles de Neu- 
bourg fon ftvre, de forte que le dit Elecleur de Baviere, 
ne pourra efperer de parvenir qu'aprcs la mort dc 1'Eledleur 
Palatin, & de fon frere feulement. 

" La Reine ne juge pas qu'il foit neceflaire qu'elle s'engage 
d'employer aftuellement fes offices pour obtenir quelque chofe 
de plus pour i'Elecleur de Baviere, puifque les miniftres de 
France ie ferviront de la pofitfiion des pays & places dbnt ce 
Prince jouit prefentement dans les Pays-Bas, pour lui procurer 
la Sardagne. Mais fa Majefte ne s'y oppofera en aucune 
maniere. C't-ft tout ce qu'on pent attendre d'elle, car il fauf 
tomber d'accord qu'il ftroit pen convenable a 1'honneur & 
aux interets de la Reine de prendre de nouvaux engagement 
aver un Prince qui eft -i prefent fen ennenii, pendant qu'elle 
ne peut pas remplir tons ceux qu'elle a pt is avec fes allies." 

*' A Fontainbleau, le 21 me d'Aout, 1712." 



bourg and Namur, and in the pofTeffion of 
Charleroi and Nieuport, until fuch an equi- 
valent for thefe countries and places was 
given him as he mould be fatisfied with ; this 
propofition I pofitively refufed to afTent to, 
and told Monlieur de Torcy very plainly, 
that leaving thefe towns and places in the 
Elector's poffemon, till he had fuch an equi- 
valent as he mould be fatisfied with, was 
really giving them abfolutely to him, which 
I knew her Majefty neither could nor would 
admit ; farther, that her Majefty would enter 
into no engagement to procure any thing for 
the Elector, or even to ufe her offices in his 
behalf; that the towns and places which 
this Prince is in pofTemon of, would very 
probably be an inducement to the allies to 
give him fomething in lieu of them ; that 
her Majefty would not oppofe his having 
Sardinia, which equivalent had been pro- 
pofed firft from hence. This I let him 
know was the turn of all he was to' expect 
from the Queen, and your Lordihip will find 
the minutes drawn accordingly. 

Having on precedent occafions, as well as 

this, perceived that Moniieur de Torcy 

affected to him every expreflion, in fuch 

5 manner 


manner as to engage the Queen, Jointly 
with the King his Matter, I thought proper 7 
very explicitly and in the ftrongeft terms I 
could life, to fay, that the Queen would 
enter readily into the common guaranty for 
fupporting that fettlement of Europe, which 
fhould, by the peace, be made ; but that me 
would on no account whatever be concerned 
in any ftipulation to procure this fettlement ; 
that it would be advantage fufficient for 
France, if the conduct of her Majefty's allies, 
made it juft and neceffary for her to with- 
draw herfelf out of the war before them, 
and that afterwards her good offices mould be 
employed as became the common friend of 
all parties. 

1 take occaiion frequently to repeat this to 
the French minifters, and I believe they will 
look upon it as the rule which her Majefly 
has laid down, and which they mail not be 
able to prevail on her to depart from. 

On Saturday, in the evening, I came to 
Fontainbleau, where an apartment was pro- 
vided for me, and my reception was parti- 
cularly civil. On Sunday, at nine in the 
morning, I had audience of the King, to 
whom I prefented her Majefty's letter. He 



received me in a very gracious manner, he 
talked a confiderable time with me, and the 
fubftance of what he faid^ as near as I can 
remember, for his fpeech was extrernely 
quick, was, that he had ever had the higheft 
efteem for the Queen ; that me had pro- 
ceeded in fuch a manner as to turn that 
efteem into the fincereft friendmip ; that he 
hoped me was fatisfied he had done every 
thing on his part, which might facilitate 
the peace that he was pleafed to find we were 
ib near concluding ; that there were fbme 
who had ufed all endeavours to obflrucl: it, 
but that, God be praifed ! they would not 
be long able to do fo, that God would hinder 
them from giving the law which they pre- 
tended to ; that the fuccefs of his arms * 
mould make no alteration in him, and that 
he would make good all he had offered. 

Fontainbleau, Auguft 22d, N.S. 1712. 

AFTER I had had my audience yefterday 
of the King, I returned with Monfieur de 
Torcy to review the minutes we had taken, 
and the draught of the convention for the 

* Upon the reparation of the Britifli forces from thofe of 
the allies, the French General defeated the Earl of Albe- 
inarle, retook Douay, &c, 

VOL. III. C fufpenfion 


fufpenfion of arms, which we figned in the 
evening. Your Lordihip will obferve that 
it is dated on -Friday laft, at which time the 
firft brouilhn was prepared; and I thought 
that every day which the commencement of 
it was put backward, was fome degree of ad- 
vantage to us ; the term is of four months, 
which Moniieur de Torcy defired, as more 
likely to have its efFecT: on the Dutch than 
a fhorter term, which might have fufFered 
them to eiitertain hopes ftill of breaking 
our meaiures, and bringing the Queen into 
aclion again. I did not much weigh the 
force of this argument, though I think it 
has fome. What determined me to agree 
to four months, according to the latitude left 
in my inftru&ions, was, firft, what I remem- 
bered to have been the fenfe of feveral mer- 
chants whom I fpoke with before I left 
London,, who all feemed defirous of the 
longeft term, and thought that two months 
would not encourage many people to venture 
upon fome voyages ; fecondly, that a term 
of two months would as effectually cut off 
all profpeft of acYmg by land this campaign 
us a term of four, and that therefore the 
fon-fervice would be chiefly affeaed by this 



fufpenfion, where we have more to appre- 
hend than to hope. 

Monfieur de Torcy had inferted in the 
draught thefe words les mers qui entourent 
les IJles Britanniques, and cited the treaty of 
Breda as a precedent. I mowed him, that 
before that treaty, the expreffion had always 
run maribus Brittannicis, particularly in the 
treaty with Cromwell, and that the error 
committed in that of Breda had been recti- 
fied in that of Ryfwick. He infifted more 
than I expected on retaining his words, and 
entered a little into the difpute of dominion ; 
this made me the more tenacious, and your 
Lordmip will find thefe words les mers qui 
entourent les ijles^ razed out, fo that it ftands 
now as it ought to do. 

The fufpenfion being now figned, I mail, 
purfuant to my inftruftions, difpatch her 
Majefty's orders to Sir John Jennings, to Mr. 
Chetwynd, and to the officer who commands 
the Queen's troops in Catalonia. 

Monfieur de Torcy is likewife very earnejfl 

that the Duke of Argyle be difpatched, 

judging his prefence neceflary upon this 

new turn of affairs for the common intereft. 

C 2 I can- 


I cannot help thinking it is fo, particularly 
for her Majefty's fervice. 

Juft now the Duke of Orleans * told 
me, that the King had this morning at his 
levee declared that the fufpenfion of arms 
was iigned ; and Moniieur de Tore/ informs 
me, that they intend to-morrow to publifh it 
at Paris. I will, therefore, lofe no time in 
difpatching this courier, as foon as I receive, 
which I expect every moment, the copy of 
the aft of renunciation, which has been pre- 
pared in Spain, and wherein the Spaniards 
feem to have neglected no expreffion which 
could add to the Strength, and no form 
which could add to the validity of it. Phi- 
lip's confent to the cancelling the entry of 
1700, mentioned in the convention for the 
fufpenfion of arms in Flanders, and the 
inferting the fubflitutioa of the Duke of 
Savoy, will be the fubjects of additional 
claufes. I (hall be extremely concerned if 
the Queen does not receive this account 
before the news comes any other way ; but 

* Afterwards Regent of France ; famous (fays Voltaire) 
for his courage, his wit, and his pleafures ; born for focial 
life, even more than for public bufinefs, and one of the moft 
amiable men that ever lived. He was nephew to Louis XIV. 

5 I loie 


I lofe no time, and I hope the mefTenger will 
lofe none. 

The fifty pafles in blank I have not yet 
received, but hope to have them time enough 
to accompany this diipatch. 

The Chevalier has fixed his departure on 
the i ft of next month, N.S. ; they propofe 
that he mall retire to Bar ; and they intend 
to write to the Duke of Lorain, to aik 
of the Emperor and other Princes a fecurity 
for his perfon, during his refidence in that 

I mufl not conclude this letter without 
alking your Lordfhip's pardon, for a piece 
of falfe news, which I fent you from Calais, 
concerning an action at Pont-a-Rache : the 
flory was told us with fo many circum- 
ftances, that I made no doubt of the truth of 
it, efpecially when the Major of this place 
quoted a letter, which he faid he received 
from his fon-in-law, who was at that time 
in the army. 

I inclofe the convention for the armiftice 
in the Netherlands, which your Lordmip 
will have occafion for ; and which, with the 
a6l of renunciation, and with the minutes 
tranfmitted to you, will afford fufficient 
C 3 materials 


materials for my Lord Lexington's in- 

As I intend to leave this place on Wed- 
nefday at fartheft, it will be proper to lofe no 
time in difpatching a letter of credence to 
Mr. Prior, to whom your Lordfhip will like- 
wife pleafe as foon as poffible to fend the 
Queen's ratification. 

This letter is already fwoln to fo great a 
bulk, that I believe your Lordfhip is very 
willing that I mould refer to another oppor- 
tunity fuch farther accounts as I have to give 
of my proceedings. 

I am, my Lord, &c. 


SINCE I clofed my letter, Monfieur de 
Torcy fent me word, a courier is arrived 
from Turin, in his way to England, and 
defired to know" if I would have him go on, 
which I did not think proper to hinder. I 
fuppofe this courier is difpatched to the Count 
de Maffei, upon the impatience which the 
Duke of Savoy is under upon not hearing 
from hence, according to what he was made 
to expect by his Minifter's letters, which 
went by way of Holland, fome time ago. 

J am 


I am only to obferve to your Lordfhip, 
that the fooner you take an opportunity of 
/peaking to the Count de MarTei the better. 

Befides the papers mentioned in my letter, 
I fend your Lordfhip a form of publication, 
of the fufpenfion, and a memoir which I re- 
ceived from Monfieur de Torcy, concerning 
fome articles of trade. General Stanhope * 
is jufl arrived here, in his way to Britain. 


To Mr. 

Whitehall, 27th Auguft, 1712. 

THE difpatches of bulinefs will come to 
you from the other office, and from me you 
ihall have now and then a letter of friendihip. 

When I arrived at Court, I did not find the 
differences between us and France, on the 
article of North America, and on thofe in 

* He had a command in Spain under Stahrenberg, and 
was made prifoner, with his whole force, at Bahurga. When 
he arrived in Britain, he fided with the opposition. At the 
accelfion of George the Birft he came into office ; and upon 
the impeachment of Lord Boimgbroke, was appointed to take 
pofleffion of his papers. 

f Prior went over with Bolingbroke to France, and was 
left there, though in what character is hard to deteimine, 
probably as Refident, or Charge d'Affaires. 

C 4 the 


the treaty of commerce, concerning which I 
fpoke to you, either confidered, or put m a 
way of being confidered. This affixed my 
foul ; becaufe, though we cannot be ready 
to fign till the great article has received its 
completion in France and Spain, yet the 
fooner the terms of our treaty are fettled the 
better it muft be for the Queen's intereft. 
A cloud of arguments back this way of rea- 
foning ; but it is fufficient to refletf, that 
when the States are once enough humbled 
to fubmit, and they are very near reduced 
to this point already, as the French will be 
lefs in need of our interpofition, fo will they 
have lefs regard to OUF inftances. 

I hope my Lords of the Council are deter- 
mined to have fuch alternatives, and fuch 
expedients found on thefe litigated articles, 
as may enable our Plenipotentiaries to reft 
on fomething practicable, to render their 
work the more eafy and concife. You will 
be inftru&ed to begin ; and I own to you I 
think we muft depend on Monfieur de Torcy, 
when we know what we would have, to get 
it for us. 

The blunder committed about the pafles 
is very great -becaufe the French cannot 



Import during the war feveral forts of goods 
into Britain, ergo, do not give to them, nor 
take to yourfelves, the advantage of failing 
Ainmolefled all over the world : whatever 
impofitions may be laid, either here or in 
France, mnft continue, till by a treaty of 
commerce they are taken off, and the fub- 
jecls of both kingdoms muft fubmit to them. 
But the paries do not pretend to difpenfe 
with the laws, and mould therefore not have 
been on any account delayed. I hope the 
courier who brings this difpatch is loaded 
with a large number ; you cannot make too 
much hafte in returning as many hither; 
the want of them occafions no little clamour. 

Since I writ thus far, I find you will be 
inftrudted to make an end as to the difputes 
flill remaining between us and France. 

There is great induftry ufed by the Whigs 
to reprefent the fufpenfion of arms as infig- 
nificant, or rather hurtful, to trade ; the 
French, they fay, will not take our fhips as 
French, but as Nieuport and Spanifh pri- 
vateers they will. You may remember I 
fpoke to Monfieur de Torcy about the cafe 
of the Eledor of Bavaria's giving commif- 



lions*. I think the convention provides 
fufficicntly for Spain ; however, pray take 
care to fet this matter part difpute, and let 
Monfieur de Torcy know I defire it of him. 
If the Elector of Bavaria makes any diffi- 
culty, we have wajs enough to make him 
repent it, which I think you would do well 
to infmuate. 

I am in a prodigious hurry, but cannot 
conclude without entreating you to make my 
compliments to every body. 

About Drift and your own affairs, you 
ihall hear from me at- the end of the week. 
Adieu, dear Mat, 

I am, and ever will be, &c. 


To the Earl of Str afford. 

Whitehall, Auguft 27th, 1712. 
YOU cannot place your confidence in any 
man who is more iincerely, or more affec- 
tionately, your iervant than I am. In this 
character 1 will at all times ferve you to the 

* Probably to privateers from Nieuport, then in his 



utmoft of my power, and in this character 
you will allow me at all times to fpeak to 
you without the leaft referve. 

As foon as I came to Windfor, at my return, 
from France, I heard that Lord Rivers was 
dead, and at the fame time the Duke of 
Hamilton was to be the Matter of the Ord- 
nance, and that the Queen had determined 
how to difpofe of the regiment this came 
to me through fo authentic a channel, that 
there was no room to doubt of the certainty 
of it ; and 1 therefore judged in your Lord- 
ihip's cafe as I mould have done in my own, 
that it was better not to ftir in an affair 
which had already been determined by the 

The employment of Firft Commiflioner 
of the Admiralty brings your Lordfhip into 
Cabinet, preferves to you the rank, and to 
her the advantage of your being ftill a Mini- 
fler, which could not have been if the other 
employment had fallen to your (hare, with- 
out making a precedent for enlarging the 
Cabinet, which her Majefty had much rather 
confine than extend. 

As to the embafTy of France, I do not fee 
how that could well have been given either 



to your Lordfhip or to me ; the AmbafTa- 
dors to this Court muft be prefent when the 
renunciations are made, and by confequence 
before the peace is concluded, which feems 
incompatible with the poll your Lordihip is 
in, and has with fo great reputation filled 
at Utrecht. As for my own part, unlefs I 
was turned out of the Secretary's office, it 
would be impoffible to difpenfe with my ab- 
fence from Whitehall. 

Since I writ thus far, my Lord Treafurer 
tells me that he fends, in my packet, a letter 
to your Lordmip ; fo that I hope you will 
receive from him more fatisfa&ion than I 
am able to give you, more than I deiire 
to give you it is impoflible your Lordmip 
fhould receive from any body. 

Before I conclude this letter, give me 
leave to take notice to you of the imperti- 
nence of the Dutch Gazettes as to my jour- 
ney into France, and particularly of the flip 
which the Duke of Shrewsbury juft now 
put into my hands, and which I inclofe ; 
the Queen will, I believe, order fome pub- 
lic notice to be taken of thefe infolent lies, 
and in the mean time your Lordmip will 
do me a fingular favour, and the Queen's 



fervke right, if you pleafe to have the Ga- 
zetteer at leaf! reprimanded. I am, &c. 

70 the Duke of Ormond. 

Whitehall, Auguft 2gth, 1712. 

THE feverifh indifpcfition which hung 
about me after my return from France, and 
which made me go, for a few days, into the 
country, was the occalion of my not writing 
laft week, as I intended to have done, to 
your Grace. 

The pofitive order contained in my other 
letter, is not fent to prevent the admiffion. 
of other troops befides her Majefty's into 
Ghent and Bruges ; the Queen is enough 
fatisfied that your Grace will take effectual 
care to preferve thofe cautionary places, 
which can alone feciire to her any tole- 
rable conditions with refpecl to the Nether- 
lands, in the terms of peace. But I confefs, 
I thought it could be no ways unnecelTary, 
to give your Grace a very pofitive and clear 
order, in an affair which may perhaps make 
a great deal of noife ; I believe your Grace 
is of my mind. 



The Queen, my Lord, commands me to let 
your Grace likewife know, that although the 
body of troops at prefent with you, and the 
employment of them, mould not naturally 
require one of your rank, yet me judges it 
for her fervice, in the prefent conjuncture 
of affairs, that you continue fome time longer 
where you are. When the campaign clofes, 
and the conferences open as to the difpofi- 
tion of the Spaniiri Netherlands, your name 
and figure in Ghent will be neceflary. Her 
Majefty thinks the place you are in not 
very agreeable to you, but after fo many 
proofs of your Grace's preferring her fer- 
vice to every other consideration, fhe makes 
no doubt of your remaining with pleafure in 
the fame fituation, till you receive orders 
to come over ; before which time, it will 
be proper to think of the perfon who is to 
command during your Grace's abfence. 
I am, &c. 


To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, Auguft 2Qth, 1712. 
I AM at laft involved in the common 
calamity, and have got the fever upon me, 
which almoft every creature in this coun- 
try has felt. This muft be my excufe to 
Madame de CrohTy and Monfieur de Torcy, 
if I do not acknowledge by letter the manv 

O * -" 

civilities which I received, and which I pre- 
ferve a moft grateful fenfe of. 

I am preparing a cargo of Honey- water, 
Barbadoes-water, and Sack, whereof I fhall 
defire you to take upon you the diftribution. 
Drift fhall be battened to you, and by him 
you mail have an account of your own 

I wrote to the Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht, 
to infert in the Treaty with Spain, the fame 
acknowledgment of our own fuccellion, as 
in that with France, and it will be proper 
you fliould prepare the French miniflers on 
this head ; you will mention it as a point 
which the Queen takes to be of courfe. 
When we make fuch a ftride for Philip, it 
is not to be fuppofed, that he can pretend to 



difpiite what his grandfather has fubmitfcd 
to. Adieu, my head-ach delivers you from 
farther trouble at this time, but woe betide 
you when I am well. 

Ever, dear Matt, faithfully your's, 


<To the Earl of Albemafle* 

Whitehall, September ioth, 17 \1. 
I HAD the honour of your firft letter 
fmce my return to Court, and during my 
journey to France, I received that which 
you writ me from Cambray. Your Lordfhip 
may be aflured that I would have neglect- 
ed nothing in my power to have ferved 
you, had I come to Paris before you ob- 
tained the licence from the King *, and I 
beg you to believe, that whenever you lay 
your commands upon me, you mail find me 
ready to execute them with the greateft 
pleafure ; for though I have not the good for- 
tune to be much known perfonally to your 
Lordmip, yet no man has a truer fcnfe of 

* The Earl of Albemarle had been defeated and taken pri- 
foner, at Denain, a^h July, N.S, 



your merit, or value for your character than 

A feverifh indifpofition, which has been 
upon me ever fmce my return to this coun- 
try, hindered me from giving your Lord- 
ihip thefe aflurances fooher, which delay I 
depend on your goodnefs to excufe ; and am, 
my Lord, &c. 

A Monfieur Marfchakh. 
De Whitehall, ce lome Septemb're, 1712. 

JE viens, Moniieur, de recevoir la lettre 
que vous m'avez fait 1'honneur de m'ecrire 
le 9me de ce mois, & que mon frera m'a re- 

J'ofe appeler a vous-meme; Monneur, fi 
la Reine ne s'eft pas fouvenu des interets 
du Roi votre maitre, depuis le commence- 
ment de la negociation, & fi, dans le terns 
qu'elle a re9u de prefque tous fes allies un 
traitement qu'elle ne m6ritoit aflurement pas, 
les articles qui regardent vos interets n'e- 
toient a-peu-pres ajuftes. 

Je vous ai toujours parle, je vous ai tou- 
jours ecrit, avec une ouverture, dont je me 
ferois bien garde de me fervir, u je n'avois 

VOL. III. p fu 


fu que 1'intention de la Reine etoit de vivrc 
dans une etroite union avec le Roi votre 
maitre, & d'obtenir pour lui une fatisfaftion 
cntiere avant la conclufion de la paix. La 
Reine a ete informee des communications 
que je vous ai fakes, & des aflurances que 
je vous ai fouvent repetees, elle les a ap- 
prouves, & c'eft par cette raifon qu'elle a 
ete d'autant plus furprife, quand elle a reu 
les nouvelles de la conduite du Prince d'An- 
halt, & des ordres de votre Roi*. 

La Reine, Monfieur, n'abandonne pas fes 
allies; plut a Dieu qu'elle n'en cut ete ja- 
mais abandonnee ! le plus grand regret que 
fa Majefte fent, eft celui de fe trouver a la 
veille de ne pouvoir fe fervir pour eux que 
de bons offices & de remontrances. 

11 n'y a rien que je defire en mon parttcu- 
lier plus ardemment que de meriter la fa- 
veur de fa Majefte Pruffienne ; je me flatte 
que le petit Bonet * ne m'aura pas repre- 
i'ente d'une autre maniere, quoiqu'a vous 
dire la verite j'en foup9onne quelque chofe, 
car il me femble que je ne fuis pas trop bien 
dans 1'efprit de ce Refident, depuis que je 

* Not to agree to the fufpenfion of arms, nor obey ths 
orders of the Britifh, General. 
' f Pruflian Refident. 



I'ai un jour interrompu, pour I'empecher de 
dire certaines chofes, qu'il ne convenoit pas 
au Secretaire de la Reine d'entendre. 

En tons terns, en tons lieux, &r en toutes 
circonftances, Je fuis, mon cher Monfieur, 
Entierement a vous, 


To Mr. Whltworth. 

Whitehall, September gth, 1712* 
YOUR's of the 9th came to my hands laft 
night, as your precedent difpatches have 
done in their courfe* 

The intention of this private letter is only 
to acquaint you, by the firft opportunity, 
that 1 believe her Majefty may take the re* 
folution of employing you in a place where 
your talents will be more ufeful to her than 
they can be in the prefent port, and where 
{he can hardly pitch upon a minifter with 
too great caution and deliberation* 

If I have orders next week to acquaint 
you that you are recalled from the Czar's 
Court, it may perhaps be of fome conve- 
niency to have this previous notice. 

Da lam 


I am apt to think, you will be directed 
to receive your inftruclions here, and the 
Queen will herfelf be willing to tell you 
how much (he relies upon you, and what a 
mark of her confidence me gives you. 

You will make what ufe you pleafe of the 
hint, without giving it to any perfon till you 
hear again from, Sir, your's, &c. 

De Monfieur de Torcy. 

A Fontainbleau, ce 26me d'Aout, 1712. 
JE vous ai promis, my Lord, la reponfe 
du Roi a la Reine, & j'ai Thonneur de vous 
1'envoyer avec la copie *. Je regrette beau- 

* Copie Je la Itttrc de la m*in du Roi a la Reine Je la 
Grande Bretagne; du 26 d'Ao'it, 171*, a Fontainlleau. 


' Je n'ai jamais doute de la Gncerite de vos intentions pour 
avancer la paix, mais vous avez confirme la jufte opinion que 
j'en avois, en envoyant aupres de moi le Vicomte de Bo- 
lingbroke votre Secretaire d'Etafr. Vous ne pourriez choifir un 
miniftre plus capable d'abreger & d'aplanir les difficultes de 
negotiation. Je fuis perfuade que vousferez auffi contente de 
ce qu'il a fait, que j'ai etc fatisfait moi-meme de fa conduite r 
& principalement des aflurances qu'il m'a donnees de vos fen- 
timens pour moi. Quoique je ne doute pas qu'il ne vous 
rende un compte exaifl de ceux queje r lui ai temoigne pour 
vous, je veux encore y ajouter, que je n'oublierai rien pour 
entretenir avee vous uneamitie parfaite, & pour vous marquer 
en toutes occafions qui je fuis, Madame ma Soeur, 

" Votre bon Frere, 
(Siga6) ' L O U I S." 



coup de ne pouvoir vous la remettre moi- 
meme, &je vous afTure que je fuis bien fache- 
de voir notre correfpondence reduite defo- 
rmais aux fimples lettres. Mais je fens qu'il 
ne faut pas que je trait* long-terns un pareil 
article, ainfi. permettez-moi de patter a celui 
des lettres que j'ai trouvees a mon retour ici 
de MefTieurs les Plenipotentiaires du Roi a 

Comme ils attendoient le fucces de votre 
voyage, leurs raifonnemens fur les affaires 
generates font un peu incertains, & relTentiel 
de la depeche regarde une querelle particu- 
liere de Monfieur Mefnager avec Monfieur 
de Rechteren *. Je vous envoye, my Lord, 
le memoire que j'ai recu fur cette affaire. 

Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires concluent, 
& je crois que c'eft avec raifbn, que ceux 
qui ne veulent pas la paix cherchent a faire v 
naitre des incidents pour rompre les confe- 

* This difpute originated with their fervants. Count de 
Rechteren, one of the Dutch Plenipotentiaries, complained 
that his domeftics had been infulted by thofe of Mefnager ; 
the latter examined his fervants, and judged that they had not 
been the aggreflbrs, and refufed to give them up, according to 
the rules agreed upon for the prefervation of good order. 
Rechteren's fervants attacked Mefnager's, treated them roughly, 
and this produced the quarrel between the mafters. The 
King of France ordered the conferences to be broken off until 
the infult was repaired ; and the difpute was ended by the recall 
of the Dutch Plenipotentiary. 

D 3 rences 


rences d'Utrecht *. Pour moi, la confe- 
quence que j'en tire, & que vous ne trou- 
verez pas moins vraie, eft que Monfieur 
Mefnager n'aime pas la guerre, & que foil 
Excellence de Rechteren etoit yvre. 

Quoiqu'il en foit, je crois, Monfieur, qu'il 
n'eft pas terns de rompre les conferences, ni 
d'en menacer ; qu'il faut laifTer les Hollan- 
dois s'endormir dans leur opiniatrete, & leurs 
Miniftres s'enyvrer autant de la reprefenta- 
tions de fouverains que de Jantes\, & pour 
cet effet, il ne fera pas mauvais, ce me 
femble, de fe rendre un peu difficile fur la 
fatisfaclion que le Roi eft en droit de pre- 
tendre des difcours & du precede de Mon- 
fieur de Rechteren. Si vous penfez autre- 
ment ayez la bonte de me le faire favoir. 
Vous connoiiTez ma docilite pour vous, &; 
vous m'avez aifement accoutume ^ me ren- 
dre fans peine a vos avis. 

Le fripon d'AfTurini entre aujourd'hui \ 
la Baftille. Je vous envoye, my Lord, la 
copie des avis qu'il a donne en Hollande : je 

Rechteren was much in the intereft of the Emperor, and 
igainft a peace. The Emperor had created him a Count ; and 
brother had lucrative employments in the army, which 
would cealeat the concluding of a peace. 

f This alludes to the cuftom of drinking health, 



les ai re9U de Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires. 
II n'avoit point de papiers, s'il en a lailFe 
quelques-uns a Paris, je les aurai demain. 

Si fon Excellence VanderdufTen * ajoute 
foi a de pareils memoires, il ne doit pas 
croire la France epuifee, quoiqu'a mon fens 
elle ne vous eut pas achete affez cher, vous, 
my Lord, & le Comte d'Oxford. 

On m'ecrit auffi d' Utrecht que le Comte 
de Viglio doit etre a Paris. Mais il me 
femble que vous m'avez fait Thonneur de 
me dire qu'il etoit en Angleterre. 

Permettez-moi de ne vous point parler 
des regrets que caufe ici votre depart. Si 
vous en doutiez, vous auriez mauvaife opi- 
nion de tous ceux qui ont eu I'honneur de 
vous voir ; je ne me diftingue pas, parce 
que j'efpere que vous me diftinguerez tou- 
jours comme celui qui eft avec Tattachement 
le plus fincere & le plus veritable, &c. 


* Penfionary of Gouda, and one of the Dutch Plenipo- 

D 4 


De Monfieur de Torcy. 

COMME vous avez approuve, my Lord, 
la proportion que je vous ai faite fur 1'aiFaire 
de Monfieur deRechteren. J'ai rendu compte 
au Roi de ce que j'avois eu Fhonneur de 
vous en ecrire, & de votre reponfe, & les 
ordres que fa Majefte donne a Meffieurs fes 
Plenipotentiaires dans le meme fens. 

Elle veut qu'ils demandent, par la voie 
de Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires d'Angle- 
terre, que les Etats-Generaux declarent 
qu'ils defavouent le precede de Monfieur de 
Rechteren. Que les autres Plenipotentiaires 
d'Holland aillent pour cet effet, tous en- 
ferable, chez un de ceux du Roi, ou les 
deux autres Plenipotentiaires fe trouveront 
en meme-tems. Que Monfieur de Rech- 
teren, auteur de Tinfulte, foit revoque, & 
qu'il foit nomme un autre Plenipotentiaire 
a fa place, comme la marque la plus cer- 
taine qu'il s'eft conduit fans 1'aveu & contre 
les intentions de fes maitres. 

Je crois qu*fls auront peiae a donner 

une pareille {atisfSa6tion, quelque jufte qu'elle 

3 foit i 


foit; mais ce fera matiere de negotiation 
pendant qu'on fera mieux ailleurs *. 

Le Chevalier -f- m'ecrit qu'il aimeroit 
mieux aller a Chalons qu'a Rheims, parce 
que les partis ennemis approchent de cette 
derniere ville, & que les vivres y font chers. 
Je ne vois nulle difficulte a ce change- 
ment, le principal ctant qu'il fe mette cu 
marche, & 1'une & 1'autre ville etant egale- 
ment un lieu de pafTage pour lui, ou il ne 
doitdemeurer quejufqu'a ce qu'on ait pourvu 
a fa furete hors du royaume. Si vous penfez 
autrement, my Lord, vous aurez la bonte 
de me le faire favoir & vous ierez fatisfait. 
Vous avez en verite lieu de 1'etre de tous 
les fentimens que vous avez infpires ici pour 

Monileur le Due d'Aumont J vous en 
rendra compte plus particulierement qu'il ne 
le fait encore dans la lettrequej'ai 1'honneur 
de Vous envoyer. Je ne lui envie que le 
plaifir de vous revoir inceflamment, & de 
reparer le peu de tems que nous vous avons 

* This quarrel afforded a then neceflary fufpenfion of the 
conferences till every thing was perfectly fettled between Great 
Britain and France. 

t The Pretender. 

J Lately appointed ambaflador of France to the court of 
Great Britain. 



poffede ici. Je lui laifferai le foin de vous 
apprendre quelle vanite les dames que vous 
avez diftmguees par vos louanges, ont tiree 
d'une approbation telle que la votre. 

Je vous prierai feulement de croire que 
de tous ceux qui ont eu 1'honneur de vous 
voir ici, perfonne n'eft plus parfaitement 
que je ferai toute ma vie, 

Monfieur, votre, &c. 

A Fontainbleau, le sgme d'Aout, 1712. 

De Monfieur de Torcy. 

J'APPRENDS, my Lord, votre heureuie 
arrivee a Londres, & j'attends avec impa- 
tience des nouvelles de la reception que la 
Reine vous aura faite, pour m'en rejouir 
avec vous. 

J'efpereque vous aurez acheve de con- 
vertir vos infidelles; les notres confervent 
encore quelques reftes de leur incredulite, 
& fortiiies par Meffieurs vos Plenipoten- 
tiaires, ils ont peine a croire que le plan porte 
par TAbbe Gaukier doive etre celui de la 
paix. J'avouc que leurs raifonnemens, apres 
ce que vous m'avez dit, my Lord, me cau- 
4 lent 


fent peu d'inquietude. Mais pour votre 
honneur & pour le mien, je vous fupplie 
de faire favoir a Meffieurs vos Negociateurs 
a Utrecht quand il en fera terns, que 1'in- 
tention de la Reine eft que ce plan foit 
fuivi : vous m*en avez affure, lorfque je vous 
ai accorde au nom da Roi, ce qu'elle a de- 
mande pour Monfieur le Due de Savoye. 
Ainfi vous ferez aifement cefler les alarmes 
de vos Plenipotentiaires fur Tournay, & les 
raifonnemens de nos infidelles. 

Suivant ce que F Abbe Gaultier m'ecrit de 
votre part, le Roi depeche un courier a Ma- 
drid & confeille au Roi d'Efpagne d'accorder 
le pardon aux Catalans, & je ne doute pas 
qu'il ne fuive un aufli bon avis. II fouhaitc 
d'avoir des pafleports pour fix vahTeaux Ef- 
pagnols prets a partir pour les Indes Occi- 
dentales. Je vous fupplie, my Lord, de vou- 
loir bien les envoyer le plutot qu'il fera pof- 
fible a Monfieur Prior, a qui j'en ai deja 

II eft fbrti de Paris avec aflez de peine, 
mais enfin nous le poffedons ici depuis trois 
jours. 11 etoit fouhaite non-feulement pour 
fa bonne compagnie, mais pour avoir le plaifir 
de parler de vous avec lui ; & je vous affure 



que quoique fa fincerite foit grande, vous n<f 
devez point etre en peine, & que vous ne 
perdez rien de la bonne opinion que vous 
nous avez laiffee. 

Madame la DuchefTe d'Elbeuf compte 
beaucoup fur celle que vous avez emportee 
de Madame fa niece, & je crois que c'efl 
dans cette confiance qu'elle vous ecrit la 
lettre que j'ai 1'honneur de vous envoyer. 

Permettez-moi, fans autre fecours, dc 
compter entierement fur 1'honneur de votre 
amitie, & faites-moi, je vous fupplie, la juf- 
tice de croire qu'on ne peut etre plus par- 
faitement que je fuis, Monfieur, votre, &c. 


A Fontainbleau, le 8me Septetnbre, 1712. 

Le Chevalier eft veritablement parti hier, 
& je viens de recevoir une lettre de lui dattee 
de Meaux ; il continue fon voyage jufqu'a 

A Monfieur de Tcrcy. 
De Whitehall, ce lome Sept. V.S. 1712, 
IL n'eft pas etrange, Monfieur, qu'en par- 
tant de France on y laiile fon coeur derriere 



foi, maisj'ai eu le malheur d'y laifler aufli 
ma lante. Ea efFet, depuis mon retour j'ai 
eu des acces de fievre, qui m'ont empeche 
de travailler a mon ordinaire. Je fuis alle 
a la campagne, pour tacher de me remettre, 
& il n'y a que quatre jours que je fuis re- 
venu a la cour : voila, Monfieur, la raifon 
qui m'a prive du plus grand plaifir que je 
{uiifTe avoir, qui eft celui de correfpondre 
avec vous. Je reprends la plume avec joie, 
& je ne lais fi j'en reflentirois plus en ecri- 
vant a Madame de Courcillon, ou a Madame 
de Parabeze. 

Outre Finteret particulier que j'al a en- 
tretenir ce commerce de lettre, je crois 
pouvoir dire que Finteret genenii s'y trou- 
vera ; car quoique le Comte de Dartmouth, 
dans le departement duquel eft la France r 
doit naturellement communiquer les ordres-. 
de la Reine a Monfieur Prior, les lettres- 
pourtant que je vous ecrirai avec cetteouver- 
ture de coeur que je vous ai promis, & a la- 
quelle je m'attends de votre part, ne man- 
queront pas de prevenir quelques difficultes^ 
& d'en applanir d'autres. 

Jamais furprife n'a etc egale a la mienne 
quand j'ai vu, par la lettre que vous avez. 



ecrite a Monfieur le Grand Treforief, & 
par celle que Moniieur Prior m'a envoyee, 
que les intentions de la Reine avoient ete 
' expliquees d'une maniere a vons faire croire, 
que Monfieur de Lexington tarderoit a fa- 
luer le Roi & la Reine d'Efpagne, & a les 
reconnoitre pour tels, jufqu'a ce que 1'article 
de la reunion fut accompli. II ne prendra, 
a la verite, que dans ce tems-la, ou a la paix$ 
le caradere d'Ambaffadeur ; mais il ne fera 
pas plus de difficultes de reconnoitre le Roi 
d'Efpagne, que ce Prince apparemment n'en 
fera de confentir a tout ce que fa Majefte 
Tres Chretienne a promis dans fon nom : 
les inftru&ions de ce Miniftre ont ete par- 
courues de nouveau par les Seigneurs du 
Coufeil, & je vous avoue qu'il faut etre ex- 
tremement fubtil, pour pouvoir y trouver 
quelque chofe d'obicur ou d'equivoque. 

Monfieur Prior vous donuera fatisfadtion 
fur cet article, le Coaite de Dartmouth 
ayant eu ordre de lui envoyer les informations 

Vcus me marquez, Monfieur, dans votre 
lettre du 8me Septembre, que les infidelles 
chez vous confervent encore quelques refte* 
de leur iiicredulite. 11 en eft de meme chez 

nous 5 


nous; & ces gens doivent etre bien endurcis 
dans le peche, qui ne fe laifTent pas con- 
yertir a la foi par tant de miracles. Mais 
continuous, Monfieur, a agir fur un plan 
uaiforme, & a confer ver de part & d'autre 
cette bonne foi qui a etc jufques ici invio- 
lablement gardee, & nous viendrons a la fin 
a bout de ces difciples de St. Thomas. 

Votre honneur & le mien, qui me font 
egalement chers, feront aufli egalement en 
lurete pendant que nous nous tiendrons a 
ce que j'ai eu la permiffion de vous dire 
des intentions de la Reine, fur le plan ge- 
neral de la paix. Vous vous fbuviendrez, 
Monfieur, que je vous ai reprefente que la 
conduite de fa Majefle Tres Chretienne, a 
Fegard des interets de fes allies, etoit en 
quelque fa9on determinee par la leur, que 
les mefures violentes qu'ils out prifes pour 
traverfer la negociation, avoient eu Teffet de 
mettre la Reine en etat de faire la paix fans 
uttendre leur concurrence ; que dans ce cas 
fa Majefte Tres Chretienne, leur declareroit 
qu'elle avoit figne le traite avec la France & 
1'Eipagne, qu'elle leur propoferoit le plan 
apporte par TAbbe Gaultier, comme celui 
Jiir lequel ils pouvoient faire la paix, & 



qu'elle leur feroit favoir que dorenavant 
elle ne pourroit agir que par fes bons offices, 
comme 1'amie commune de toutes les par- 

Vous vous fouviendrez , aufli, Monfieur, 
que j'ai eu 1'honneur de vous dire, qu'en cas 
que les Hollandois particulierement, ou autres 
allies, prnTent le parti d'entrer, devant la 
concluiion de la paix de la Reine dans le con- 
cert avec fa Majefte Tres Chretienne, nous 
aurions plus de mefures a garder, la com- 
panion du peuple chez nous ieroit emue, & 
les Miniftres de la Reine obliges a faire des 
pas, que dans 1'autre cas ils refuferoient 
abfolument de faire. 

Voila ce que j'ai avance en France par 
ordre de la Majefte, ce que je repete aujour- 
d'hui par le meme ordre, & ce que vous 
trouverez, Monfieur, pondtuellement fuivi. 

Les Plenipotentiaires du Roi paroiffent 
exiger de nous quelque chofe de plus, quand 
ils infiftent que les Miniftres de la Reine 
propofent la tenue d'une conference, dans 
laquelle on debute ra, par une proportion qui 
paroit en quelque fa9on contraire a ce que 
la Reine a dit dans fa harangue, touchant la 
barriere des Etats-Generaux. II ne s'agit 



pas dans la difpute furvenue entre vos Pleni* 
potentiaires & les notres, de favoir fi Tour- 
nay fera reftituee au Roi ou non ; car pour 
obtenir cctte place il n'eft pas neceflaire que 
vous commenciez en faifant cette declaration 
fpecifique. Mais il s'agit de favoir fi la 
Reine doit declarer formellement, & des a 
prelent, que Tournay fera rendu a la France; 
car ce fcroit declarer cela, que de confentir 
a rexpofition que Meffieurs vos Miniftres 
veulent donner a cet article de la harangue. 
Pour ne pas trop groffir une lettre qui a deja 
la mine de devenir un peu ennuyeufe, je me 
remettrai a ce que Monfieur Prior ayra 1'hon- 
neur de vous expoler fur ce point, & je me 
contenterai de dire que comme le tempera- 
ment n'eft pas difficile a trouver, j'efpere que 
nous eviterons toutes chofes qui peu vent 
cauier de difpute entre les Miniftres de la 
Grande Bretagne & de la France. 

Le Comte de Dartmouth envoye douze 
pafieports pour les vaifleaux prets a partir 
pour les Indes Occidentales, que le Rci 
<TEfpagne demande, & Monfieur Prior vous 
les remettra d'abord. 

La Reine n'a nulle objection au change- 
ment qui s'eft fait dans la route du Cheva- 

VOL. III. E lier;, 


licr ; reflentiel eft qu'on ne perde point de 
terns alui procurer la furete requife, afin qu'il 
puitfe fortir hors du royjiume. 

Je me flatte que la DucheiTe d'Elbeuf fera 
contente de ce que j'ai fait en vertu des or- 
dres dont elle m'a charge & je vous- prie de 
vouloir bien lui faire tenir 1'inclufdi 

Je fuis perfuade que vous me faites la 
juftice de croire que je n'ai rien neglige de 
tout ce que je pouvois faire pour le fervice 
du Due de St. Pierre *. Jl fuffit qu'il vous 
appartienne pour que je fois devoue a fes in- 
terets, & la Reine a ete tres aife d'avoir cette 
occafion de vous montrer foil eftime & foil 
amitie en donnant a fes Plenipotentiaires- 
des ordres tres precis de feconder ceux de 
France dans toutes les inftances qu'ils doivent 
faire pour procurer a Monfieur le Due la fa- 
tisfa<flion qu'il demande avec tant de juftice^ 

Excufez, s'il vous plait, toutes les fautes 

* It appears by a memoir of the Duke, that he had lent to 
the late King of Sj3ain 800,000 livres, for the defence of the 
Milanefe, and for which fum that duchy was mortgaged to 
him. The King gave up to him in payment of the mortgage 
the principality otSabionette, with apromiie that in cafe it was' 
taken from him, he fhould receive an equivalent. In 1707,. 
the principality was taken from him, and he now urges his 
claim upon the Emptror as mortgagee cf the Duchy, and requires" 
payment fo be a ftipulation in the treaty of peace, but offers 
to accept the fovereigrrty of Porto Longone, or the Marquifatc 
of Varefe or Final, a* an equivalent* 



d'une lettre ecrite fort a la hate, & que je 
n'ai pas eu le terns de rendre plus courte, & 
foyez afTure que je fuis, & que je ferai toute 
ma vie, avec une affe&ion, permettez moi 
de me fervir de I'expreflion, tres ardente, 
& une eftime tres parfaite, 

Moniieur, votre, &c. 


From Mr. Prior*. 

I SEND this by Utrecht, though before 
your Lordmip mall have received it, I hope 
to have your meffenger from England, with 
your orders and directions ; him will I dif- 
patch back again with a more particular ac- 
count of what I now am or may be charged 
with ; this in all cafes being only to tell your 
Lordmip that Dagley juft now arrived here 
,,(io, morning) with the ratification of the 
fufpenfion, and Lord Dartmouth's obferva- 
tions upon it, upon which I go prefently 

* When Bolingbroke went to France, he took with him 
Prior, and his under-fecretary, Hare: ^he former he lelt at 
Paris as a Plenipotentiary on the part of Great Britain. 

E 2 to 


to Fontambleau, having left fuch orders 
behind that the mefienger, whom I expedl 
about Wednefday (this being Sunday) may 
come thither to me ; in the mean time, what 
I % have to fay to your Lordfhip is, that I have 
vifited the Due d'Aumont, and, as I ought, 
given him the befr, advices and inftruclions 
for his voyage ; he fays, he depends mightily 
upon your Lordmip's correfpondence, as to 
his houfe and other affairs in England ; and 
I hope by the courier, whom I expecl, to be 
inftrucled in that point, as in many others. 
1 referve myfelf to write all I have to fay 
by the way of England immediately, but by 
every way I write I muft not omit that I 
parted with you with more pangs than is 
proper or poffible for me to tell you. I have 
performed all your commands here, and ex- 
ped: with plcaiure thoic I am to perform ; 
being ever, 

My Lord, &c. 


Be pleafed to own to Lord Dartmouth 
the receipt of this letter, in cafe this reaches 
your Lordfhip before I write to him en 



From Mr. Prior. 

FoauinUcau, &*&&}'?** 
(The MefTenger does not part till to- 
morrow morning.) 

I HEAR by the exprefs which brings me 
the letters of the 23rd Auguft 3rd Septem- 
ber, that you were fafely arrived in England ; 
I return the fame meflenger, with my anfwer 
to fuch orders as I have received from Lord 
Dartmouth ; upon which, for want of time, 
and Drift * to copy my letters, I beg your 
Lordihip to be referred, and defire your 
favourable explanation, fince in the whole I 
have (as I always mall) followed your di- 
redon. As to the term for the cefTation to 
take place in the feas beyond the line, if there 
be any difficulty, your Lordlhip will fee it 
taken off by the article which Monfieur de 
Torcy has drawn up, the King approved, 
and which your Lordfhip having figned (as 
you will find it dated while you were here) 
and ratified, may be iigned and ratified here 
in like manner. N.B. You return the inftru- 
ment in which Torcy figns firft. I, upon 

* Prior's Secretary. 

E 3 the 


the receipt of your inftrument, fending back 
theirs to you, the flgn, I think, they call the 
fign-manuel will be fufficient to both, fb Mr. 
Torcy fays. I fend to Lord Dartmouth the 
ratification of the ceflarion, they received 
ours with great fatisfaclion : I lent Dagley 
yetferday with the packet to Lord Peter- 
borough at Turin. 

Mr. Torcy this morning told me, he hears 
he is gone to Vienna : Quod felix fauftumque 
Jit. I do not queftion but he will take 
Bender * in his way home -(-. 

-The young gentleman \ parted on Wed- 
nefday from Liori ; he is gone to Chalon 
(fur la Maine) about an equal diftance from 
Paris as Rheims; is very melancholy, but 
much refigned. The Fledcr of Bavaria, 

they fay, is gone ; but he has a little w 

upon the bank of the river, between this and 
Paris, pour tuer k terns. 

As I have told you that I have writ the 
ferious bufinefs to Lord Dartmouth, and that 
I exped every hour my cargo from England, 

, * ' X 11 ' Ki g of Sweden, was then at Bender. 

t This journey of the Earl to Bender is meant ironically, 
ding to his zeal and aftivity, which certainly bordered 
upon er.thufiafm. 

J The Pretender. 



with your commands, give me leave to tell 
you, I have performed thofe which you have 
already given me very faithfully. Madame 
Croifly fent me the great bag of money 
which you left, by her intendant, having 
given a ftricl prohibition to her fervants not 
to take it. I made very flight of it, as of a 
bagatelle that me ought never to have heard 
of; that it did no way belong to me, if it 
did I would fend it to the poor of the parifh, 
or to fome community which would make 
more noife than would pleafe Monfieur de 
Torcy : at lafl he took it back ; Madame 
Croiffy chid me at my next vifit in a friendly 
manner, and all is right. As is likewife 
your bounty to the comedians, in which 
there were likewife obftacles, the Due de 
Tremes having paid the loge*\ but thofe 
too were overcome ; and the Cyd and Cli- 
mene-j- thank you for your generality. 

I have a thoufand compliments to make 
you ; every night I fup with M. de Torcy, en 

* Bolingbroke was received in France as the Minifter of 
peace. His reception at Court was highly flattering; and 
upon entering the theatre the audience rofe up, to mark their 
refpeft for his character, and their attachment to the object of 
his miffion. 

f Two characters in Corneille's excellent tragedy of the 

E 4 famitte, 


famille, Madame drinks two healths I have 
taught her, a Harre & a Robin * ; Madame 
Parabart is very proud of her good fortune, 
and the whole Court is pleafed that upon 
that point Madame Courcillon's abfolute 
power is retrenched. Madame de Feriolle's 
memoir I muftnot forget; me has a fitter 
that is run away from a nunnery, and now 
pleading the caufes of her renunciation. 

I do not, for I need not, fay any thing 
to you about my own affairs, for by this 
time jatta ejl alea ; and I expect the courier, 
who will give me new occasion of teftifying 
to your Lordmip, that I am, &c. 


Pray remember the Duke d'Aumont's 
commiffions to you, and fend me the article 
and ratification back as ibon as you can ; I 
do not explain farther to Lord Dartmouth, 
concerning Ics mers Britanniques, than that I 
think that point is upon fuch a foot, as not 
to be contefted hereafter ; for I told you the 
method by which that was obtained, and in 
a letter which may be read in public, I would 
not feem a faire k negoclateur ; bciides, it is 

* Bolingbroke and Oxford, 



not proper that it ihould be known, except 
to yourfelf and Lord Treafurer, that it was 
gained by a pretty impudent artifice. 

Monfieur des Marais *, told me this morn- 
ing, that they were examining our articles 
of commerce, and in two or three days, he 
ihould be able t talk with me on that head. 

From Mr. Prior. 

Fontainbleau, September 12, 1712. 
I HAVE yours of the 27 Auguft, O.S. 
and I have at the fame time, one of the 
fame date, from Lord Dartmouth; I beg 
your Lordfhip will confent to be referred 
to my letter to my Lord upon that fubjec~r, 
and I wifh it were in my power to procure 
a more agreeable anfwer. In the fulnefs of 
my heart, I cannot forbear faying to you 
that while I expected your orders, and thought 
(as I had reafon to think) that this negocia- 
tion, as it was confirmed by you here, ought 
to be finifhed by the fame hand ; I receive 
other directions, and for ought I know, or 

* Comptroller-general of the Finances. 



can perceive, am to go to fea again, while, 
as Montieur de Torcy (if you will take the 
credit of an enemy) expreffes it, we were 
in the port. 

You tell me the diipatches will come 
from the other office, and that now and then, 
I fhall have a letter of friendmip from you ; 
if fo, my Lord, pray go to Bucklebury, and 
write to me at Cambridge. I own to you, 
I do not know what all this means, though 
I have endeavoured to explain it to the Duke 
de Beauvilliers, and Monfieur de Marais, and 
Monfieur de Torcy; therefore, my dear Lord 
Bolingbroke, let me have orders confonant 
to what is already done, and iuch as may 
contribute effectually to a fpeedy peace ; in- 
tereft yourfelf in this matter, remembering 
that every man can deftroy, but very few 
can burid. As for my own part, I vow to 
God, I care not ; but I would have thefe 
people fee, that we aft unanimoufly, and as 
becomes a nation ; that our orders, and our 
councils are of a piece. They tell me, that 
my Lord Lexington 'will acknowledge him (Phi- 
lip) King of Spain, and the Indies^ with an et 
cater a, which, I fuppofe, are all the titles he 
either values or dejires. I cite you the very 



words of the letter from Lord Dartmouth, 
27th Auguft, and defirc you to give me, as 
well your own as my Lord Treafurer's feu- 
timents about it ; did an et ccetera ever ac- 
company any thing but the laft letter, in the 
four-and- twenty ? Pray fet us right, and let 
me have orders practicable, at the fame time 
that I expect power to execute them. I 
have endeavoured to hinder the blunders 
committed in the pafTes, by explaining my 
defires in relation to thofe which will be 
given. Diimeliora ! But inilead of any thing 
that may enlarge our commerce, or give 
thefe people reafon to think we are free, or 
would be fo, as to matters of trade, I am 
only furniflied with No. I. and No. II. co- 
pies of the Attorney and Solicitor Generals' 
reports, that it is not in the Queen's power 
to open the trade. 

Now you have heard all my grievances, 
pray help me, and difpatch your orders, the 
papers, and Drift ; I think my cafe is this : 
I have neither powers, commiflion, title, in- 
flruclions, appointments, or Secretary. 

I never faw any thing fo dejected as Mon- 

fieur de Torcy is, that the paffports are not 

figned by Harre ; neither he, nor I, nor any 

i man 


man elfe, underftands why we are to go into 
another channel now; in fliort, it is the grand 
dance in the rehearfal, and we are all out. 

P R I V A T E. 

JJac cum, dixijjet 
Quarit cahndis ponere. 

2-13 September. 

I flipped .laft night, pro more with the 
family, and we were all merry, except Mon- 
fieur de Torcy, who is really a good deal 
concerned and, faith ! with reafon ; he has 
more enemies than I thought, and has reafon 
to apprehend any mock in our affairs. 

Juft as I have made up my paquets, and, 
pour faire la bonne louche, was going to tell 
you, that I am fmcerely your fervant ; Mon- 
fieur de Torcy has fent for me, and by the 
King's order, let me take a copy of Philip's 
letter to his Ma jetty, by which all is agreed 
as we or he dtiire. His Majefty' s will is, 
that I mould take a copy of it, being able to 
fay, that I faw the original, and that I mould 
transfer that copy immediately to the Queen, 
which I accordingly do, directing it to my 
Lord Treafurer ; I repeat again to you the 
hundred difficulties which will arrive upon 
my uncertain correipondence, and as I have 



writ on this fubjecl: to Lord Treafurer, I beg 
it may be redreiTed ; fo does Monfieur dc 

To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, Auguft 29, 1712. 

I AM at laft involved in the common 
calamity, and have got the fever upon me 
which, almoft every creature in this coun- 
try has felt. 

This mud be my excufe to Madame dc 
CroilTv, and to Monfieur de Torcy, if I do 
not acknowledge by letter the many civili- 
ties which I received, and which I preierve 
a moft grateful lenfe of. 

Drift (hall be haftened to you, and by him 
you mall have an account of your own. af- 

I write to the Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht, 
to infert in the treaty with Spain, the fame 
acknowledgement of our fucceliion, as in 
that with France ; and it will be proper you 
fhould prepare the French Minifters on this 
head ; you will mention it as a point which 
the Queen takes to be of courfe. When we 
3 make 


make fuch a ftride for Philip, it is not to be 
fuppofed, that he can pretend to difpute 
what his grandfather has fubmitted to. 
Adieu, my head-ache delivers you from far- 
ther trouble at this time, but woe betide 
you when I am well. 

Ever, dear Matt, faithfully yours, 


To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, September 10th, 1712. 
I WAS equally furprized and vexed to 
find, that by the uncouth way of explaining 
the Queen's fenfe, you had been led to ima- 
gine, that it was intended my Lord Lexing- 
ton fhould make any difficulty of feeing and 
complimenting the King of Spain, as fuch. 
We fpent about three hours in penning 
minutes yefterday upon this head, which 
was long ago adjufted. I fuppofe the in- 
ftruclions will be at laft clear, but my Lord 
Lexington having been prefent at the de- 
bate, his underilanding of the matter will 
make amends for any dark ambiguous ar- 
ticles which may be in them, 



Dartmouth is to communicate the Queen's 
orders herein to you, that fo you may be 
able to fatisfy the French Minifters, and 
they to prepare the Spanim Minifters. How- 
ever, I will venture to tell you in few words 
what I underftand is to be the meafure of 
Lord Lexington's conduct : as foon as he 
arrives at Madrid, he will notify his arrival 
to the Secretary of State ; he will, when 
he fees this Minifter, let him know that the 
Queen has fent him thither to compliment 
the King, in her name ; to be a witnefs of 
the feveral renunciations, and other acls re- 
quifite to complete the execution of the ar- 
ticle agreed upon, as necefTary to prevent 
the union of the two monarchies ; that after 
this, he is to proceed to fettle fuch matters 
of commerce, and other affairs, as are for 
the mutual intereft of both nations, and to 
take the character of ambaflador upon him. 
My Lord will at the fame time produce' 
his credentials, and give the Secretary a 
copy of them, if he defires. In this con- 
ference he will farther take notice of the 
feveral cetfions made by the King of France, 
in behalf of his grandlbn to the Queen, and 
will fpeak of them as points which he 



looks upon as concluded. He will likewife 
give a memorial of them in writing, figned 
by himfelf, to the Secretary, and exped from 
him an atfent in the King's name, in writing 
alfo, and figned by the Secretary. 

This feems natural, civil, and unexcep- 
tionable, but any other fcheme is abfurd and 
inconfiftent with all the reft of our proceed- 

For God's fake, dear Matt, hide the na- 
kednefs of thy country, and give the befl 
turn thy fertile brain will furnim thee with, 
to the blunders of thy countrymen, who are 
not much better politicians than the French 
are poets. 

I have writ in great haile a prodigious 
long letter to Monneur de Torcy, which I 
believe he will ihow you ; but for fear he 
fhould not, 1 inclofe in this an extracl of 
part of it, which relates to a matter that has 
given Lord Treafurer and your humble fe*- 
vant no fmall trouble in cabinet. The copy 
of the Plenipotentiaries' difpatch of the 2d 
of September, which I likewife fend you, 
will fhow you how a difpute, now on foot 
at Utrecht, began; you will obferve that 
their Lordfhips are very warm in it, and I 



can aflure you we have thofe here who are 
not a jot cooler. 

The folution of this difficulty muft come 
from you, it is a matter of management and 
appearance, more than fubftance, and the 
Court of France muft be leis politic than I 
think them at any time, and more unrea- 
fonable than I think them at this time, not 
to come into a temperament upon a mat- 
ter unnecefTarily ftarted. You muft begin 
by making Monfieur de Torcy not only un- 
derftand, but own he underftands the pro- 
pofition, which I am fure you may remem- 
ber I more than once repeated to him, when 
I was in France, upon various occaiions, and 
which 1 have again ftated as clearly as I 
am able. The Queen can never do any 
thing which mail look like a direct reftraint 
on her allies from demanding what they 
judge neceflary ; but as long as they acT: the 
part which they now do, me can very juft- 
ly be pafftve and neuter as to their inte- 
refts ; and if her peace be made before 
theirs, which me will not delay for them, 
(he can, with the fame juftice, leave them 
to make their own bargain. This is ad- 
vantage enough for France, and fuch a one, 

VOL. III. F fairly 


fairly fpeaking, as a year ago, they would 
have given more than Tournay, to have 
been lure of. 

They muft not, therefore, prefs us t 
farther than this, nor to do any thing which 
may feem contradictory to what the Queen 
delivered from the throne ; that fpeech they 
have always owned as the plan they fub- 
mitted to, and it varies but little from that 
brought hither by Gaultier. 

In a word, the ufe which the French will 
make of the unaccountable obftinacy of the 
Dutch and the other allies, may, in feveral 
refpefts, and particularly, for ought I know, 
in this inftance of Tournay, give them an 
opportunity of faving and gaining more than 
they could have hoped for ; and the Queen 
may, in the prefent circumftances, contri- 
bute paffively to this end, but actively me 
never can in any circumftances. 

I think, in my own opinion, and I believe I 
fpeak the Queen's upon this occaiion, that it 
were better the French mould, in the courfe 
of the treaty, declare, that whatever they 
intended to have given the Dutch, when 
the Queen fp'oke from the throne, their 
condud: has been fuch, and the fituation of 



affairs fo altered, that the King is refolved 
to have Tournay reftored to him ; I fay, 
I believe this were better than to expect that 
we fhould affent to an expolition of the 
Queen's words, by which her Majefty would 
yield the town up. 

Let the conferences begin as foon as they 
will, I dare fay bufmefs will not be very 
Ipeedily difpatched in them ; in the mean 
time, we (hall go on to ripen every thing for 
a conclufion between ns and Savoy, and 
France and Spain, and this is the true point 
of view which the French ought to have 
before their eyes. 

You will be very fhortly particularly and 
fully inftrucled to fettle the article of North 
America, and thofe points of commerce flill 
undetermined ; that done, the Minifters may 
fign at Utrecht, as foon as they can hear 
from Lord Lexington. 

My Lord Dartmouth writes to you con- 
cerning a clamour which our merchants 
have raifed, as if under pretence of not car- 
rying to Lifbon or Barcelona des provifions de 
guerre ou de bouche ; they (hall be debarred 
from their ufual traffic of corn and fifh, 
which at thofe places, there are great -de- 
F 2 mands 


mands for in time of peace as well as war, 
and without any confideration of the armies. 
The difficulty as to Liftxm feems to be re- 
moved by the Portuguefe fubmitting to come 
into the fufpenfion of arms ; and he pro- 
pofes to you an expedient as to Barcelona, 
but in truth that war muft be ended of courfe 
now, fmce the Queen fupports it no longer, 
and the Dutch are recalling their fleet from 
the Straits. The Duke of Argyle is going 
immediately now away, and the moment he 
comes to Minorca, he draws to him every 
thing belonging to the Queen out of Ca- 
talonia. The Imperial troops muft, in my 
opinion, that moment fubmit, and compound 
for tranfportation, and when the war is at 
an end, I think there can be no pretence to 
quarrel with us, for carrying our goods to 
the people of the country. 

It is now three o'clock in the morning ; I 
have been hard at work all day, and am 
not yet enough recovered to bear much fa- 
tigue ; excufe, therefore, the confufednefs. 
of this long fcrawl, which is only from 
Harry to Matt, and not from the Secretary 
to theMinifter. 

Your credentials of Miniftcr Plenipoten- 
5 tiary 


tiary will be fent you, together with your 
full powers, by the next boat; and before 
Duke Hamilton * goes, I will move to 
have you removed to Utrecht, which there 
will be a natural handle for, as (bon as 
you mall have fettled the points of com- 
merce, and in doing that have given the laft 
ftroke to the rimming the treaty with 

Make my compliments to Madam Feriol, 
and let her know that I have, I hope, put 
her affair into a way of being fmifhed to 
her fatisfa&ion. I have fpoke very earneftly 
to Maffei, and have ufed the proper argu- 
ments to him. 

Adieu. My pen is ready to drop out of 
my hand. Believe that no man loves you 
better, or is more faithfully your fervant, 
than that fleepy fellow 


I had almoft forgot to tell you that the 
Queen is pleafed to difcharge the Marquis 
de Tallard's parole, which you may aflure 
him, with my compliments, of, and give 
him any iignification neceflary, in form. 

* Appointed Ambaflador to the Court of France. 

F To 


70 Mr. Pulteney. 

S i R, 

Whitehall, September gth, 1712. 

THIS private letter is writ on the (ubjecl 
concerning which you defire her Majefty's 
orders in yours of the 9th inftant, N.S. and 
thefe the Queen thought it more proper to 
convey to you by this way, than by the office 

The Queen, you eafily imagine, hears 
with great concern of the fleps which the 
King of Denmark has taken in favour of 
his new miftrefs ; and as her Majefty cannot 
iriterpofe in matters of this kind, fo me will 
not do any thing which may feem to coun- 
tenance what me fo much, and for fo many 
reafons difapproves. You are, therefore, to 
conduct yourfelf as to pay what is due to 
the title and rank of the Duchefs of Slel- 
wick *, without making your court, or ap- 
pearing particular in your application to her. 
I am, Sir, &c. 

* T;he Miftrefs alluded to. 


To the Lords Plenipotentiaries. 

Whitehall, September I7th, 1712. 

I OBSERVE fo many ways that the 
French are defirous to conftrue what I faid, 
whilft I was in France, by the Queen's or- 
der, in another fenfe than it was meant, 
or will bear, and by coiifequence to carry 
the Queen farther in her engagements to 
them than me intends to go, that I think 
proper to acquaint your Lordfhips, by this 
private letter, with the propofition which 
I refted upon, and which as her Majefty 
had before directed, fo me has (ince ap- 

When Monfieur de Torcy prefled me to 
give him aflurances that, in confideration of 
the conceffions of the King, as well in fa- 
vour of the Duke of Savoy as in other re- 
fpects, the Queen would on her part affift 
the King to recover Tournay by the peace, 
my anfwer was, that the Queen's conduct 
in this inftance, and in many others with 
regard to the interefts of her allies, muft be 
determined in good meafure by theirs, I mea.n 
by that of the allies. That if the Dutch 
F 4 continued 


continued refractory, and that, by confe- 
quence, the Queen concluded her peace 
without their concurrence, for which me 
would no longer wait, me would then think 
herfelf obliged to declare that fhe had done 
fo ; fhe would lay before them the plan 
of France, as the utmorr. which had been 
offered, and would let them know, that for 
the future {he could employ nothing more 
than her good offices, as the common friend 
of all parties ; but I added, and very often 
repeated, if the Dutch mould come to their 
fenfes before the conclufion of the peace 
with the Queen and France and Spain, and 
mould implore her Majefty's afMance, and 
fubmit to her meafures, the fcene would 
then be altered the Queen's companion, 
the national pity would be moved ; we mould 
have more meafures to keep, and mould be 
obliged to aft another part. 

This principle of aftion her Majefty ftili 
adheres to j and though it be of too nice a 
pature to be the fubjed of an office dif- 
patch, yet I thought your Lordfhips ought 
not to be ignorant of it ; and whenever the 
French Minifters affirm that we have given 



up Tournay, this communication will fur- 
nifh your Lordfhip with an. anfwer. 

I am, my Lords, &c. 

I have, fince my return from Fiance, re- 
frefhed Monfieur de Torcy's memory, and 
flated this matter to him as I now do to 
your Lordfhips. 

To Sir Thomas Hantner. 

Whitehall, September iyth, 1712. 

I HAVE the honour of your letter of 
the i /th, N.S. from Ghent, and have loft 
no time in putting your commands in exe- 
cution. The pafs, in the form you defired 
it, was this day given to your fteward, who 
came to the office, by your order, for it. 

Your journey to France can certainly give 
no offence to any one here, and fure 1 am 
it will give great fatisfadion to many there. 
I mall fend to Prior the good news, that he 
may foon have the honour of feeing you; 
and, if you approve of it, will write the 
fame to fome of my friends of that Court, 
who will be proud to be reckoned yours. 

I agree 


I agree entirely with you, and I think it is 
the opinion of every man who ferves the 
Queen, that we are now at the favourable 
crifis, and that no time ought to be loft in 
concluding our great work. 

My Lord Lexington is gone to Spain ; 
the Cortes are appointed to meet the very 
beginning of the next month ; and I think 
the forms of the feveral a6h neceiTary to 
complete the execution of the article for 
preventing the union of the two monarchies, 
are fo well fettled and underftood, that in 
very few weeks we may receive here and 
at Utrecht the exemplifications of them j in 
the mean while, all other matters will be 
ripened, and I mail hope that two months 
would fuffice to draw us clearly out of a ruin- 
ous war and intricate negociation. 

I (hall add nothing to this letter, but my 
hearty wimes for your health and profperity, 
my fmcere afTurances that 

I am, Sir, &c, 


To the Earl of ' Straff or d. 

Whitehall, September lyth, O.S. 1712. 

I HAVE juft time to tell you, my dear 
Lord, that I did, by the Queen's command, 
let Monfieur de Torcy know, that her Ma- 
iefty would pay Queen Mary* her jointure. 
I put him out of hopes of any consideration 
for arrears. Whether this Princefs has been 
attainted or no, I cannot on my memory at 
prefent fay -, but this was, you know, pro- 
mifed by the late King, at the peace of Ryf- 
wick, and is certainly juft; our miftrefs 
thinks it fo much fo, that me is willing to 
pay it. 

I wonder that any Minifter of Holland 
mould have the face to deny that the States 
interpofed with the Queen about ourdomeftic 
affairs, and particularly about fche diflblution 
of the laft Parliament. They did it by their 

* The Houfe of Commons, in 1701, pafTed a bill for the 
attainder of the Pretender ; when it came to the Lords, upon 
amendment, they included Queen Mary of Modena, afting 
as regent. This tt r ss excepted agaihft by the Commons ; it 
was propofedthat Mary's attainder fliould constitute a feparate 
bill, this was aflented to, and the Pretender's attainder palled. 
The Lords agreed to the bill for attainting the Queen, but it 
was neglected in the Commons. Her jointure, 50,000 1. as 
fettled at the peace of Ryfwick, was provided for by Parliament. 



refolution of the 3d of July, 1710, which 
Vryberge at an audience, read to the Queen. 
This was refented, even in thofe days, though 
not in the manner it ought to have been ; 
and my Lord Townmend was ordered to 
take notice of it as a very extraordinary 
flep, and what the Queen hoped the States 
Avould not venture upon a fecond time. 
The truth is, what had been laid by Mr. 
Boyle * to their Minifter, gave but too much 
encouragement to people as forward to be 

When there are {even Commiffioners of 
the. Admiralty, the falaries are of joool. a 
year, but the Firfl Commiflioner has ufually 
had, by particular warrant, an increafe to 
his. Adieu, my dear Lord, for ever in- 

Your faithful 

To Mr. Prior. 

September 1961. 

THE Queen's indifpofition has hindered 
the doing almoft of any bufinefs this week, 

* Then Secretary of State. 



but, I thank God, (he is now perfectly re- 
covered. She had fome flight feverifh im- 
preffion; however flight it was, you eafily 
imagine our concern. Indeed, there is hardly 
an inftance of any one life to be found in 
ftory fo important as her Majefty's. 

Lord Treafurer promifes that Hiberiau 
Gilligan and Britim Drift fhall be difpatched 
on Monday, and I dare fay, he intends it. 
You will find inclofed fuch advices as we firfl 
received, and which nothing has come fincc 
to contradict, of the invafion of our Lee- 
ward Iflands by the French. This, dear 
Matt, proves a very untoward contretems. It 
gives a theme to the Whigs, and ferves to 
awaken paflions which were almoft lulled, 
afleep. We expected that Caf fart's fquadron 
might be gone to the coaft of Brazil, or to 
Surinam^ but we never imagined that our 
Colonies would have been attacked by him, 
at a time when we were knitting the bands 
of friendship between the two nations, with 
all poffible induftry ; could this ill opinion of 
our new friends have entered into our heads, 
I do aflure you he mould have been accom- 
panied by a fleet of the Queen's, which 
would have kept him in refpeft. 



In the letter which 1 intend to write to 
Monfieur de Torcy when Drift goes, this 
point will be mentioned, and I am fure 
we ought to avail ourfelves of it. 

Compare this condua with that of the 
Queen ; the moment that I read her letter 
from Monfieur de Torcy, by which it appear- 
ed that the King of France would oblige his 
orandfon to accept the alternative of quit- 
tin^ one of the two monarchies, her orders 
were difpatched to the Duke of Ormond, to 
engage in neither fiege nor battle, and fhe 
prevented the French even from making 
the demand. I will not fay that this order 
faved their army from being beat, but I 
think in my confcience it did. In a word, 
we depended fo much upon the good under- 
ftanding which we thought eftablifhed, and 
we were fo earned tc> prevent any thing 
which might break in upon it, that we 
not only avoided to fortify our fquadrons 
abroad, as we might have done, but we alib 
negledted to put in execution fome defigns 
which would have annoyed both French and 
Spaniards, perhaps more than any that have _ 
been effected during the courfe of this war. 

1 fuppofe Lord Dartmouth has told you 



that two frigates are ordered to Toulon, to 
attend the Duke of Argyle from thence to 
Minorca. I believe you will think proper to 
take fome notice of this to Meffieurs de 
Torcy and Pontchartrain *, and prevent any 

The letters you forwarded to me, with 
yours of the 2oth, were not very material, 
but your care was equally obliging. 

Adieu, make my compliments every 
where, and believe me entirely and faith- 
fully yours, 


To Mr. 

Whitehall, September igth, 1712. 
, I MADE my compliments to you fome 
days ago upon your recovery, and do again, 
allure you, that no friend you have could 
feel a more fenfible pain, whilft we thought 
you in danger, nor fenfible pleafure when we 
heard you was out of it. 

As to your journey hither, you will know, 
before this can reach you, that her Majefty 

* Minifter of the Marine. 

t Then commanding officer at Dunkirk. 

4 gives 


gives you leave to come. The eldeft officer 
muft command, I fuppofe, during your at> 
fence, and you will, no doubt, take care to 
fettle every thing for the good order of that 
place, with the French Intendant, and other 
officers, before your departure. 

I am forry that what relates to the efta- 
blimment of the garrifon, is not entirely 
finimed. It is no fault of mine, but on the 
contrary, perhaps, I have been too imperti- 
nently felicitous about it ; but when you 
are here that matter will quickly receive its 

Dear John, for ever your affectionate, &c. 

A Monjieur k Due d'Aumont. 

De Whitehall, ce 26me, Septembre, 1712, V.S. 

IL n'y a, Monfieur, que votre arrivee a 
notre courj qui puiffe me donner un plus 
grand plaifir que celui que j'ai fenti en re- 
cevant la lettre que vous m'avez fait 1'hon- 
neur de m'ecrire, le zjrne du mois pafTe. 

Les circonftances du terns, les commif- 
fions dont j'etois chargees, la politefle de la 
nation, & furtout la bonte du Roi, con- 
tribuoient a me procurer les honneurs que 

&C. #1 

j'ai reu, & que je n'oublierai jamais, peff- 
dant le court fejour que j'ai fait en France. 
Mais, Monfieur, de trouver que vous voulez 
bien conferver pour moi des fentimens d'a- 
mitie, & que meme a cette diftance vous me 
comblez de vos faveurs, c'eft, je vous Favoue, 
tout ce qui me pouvoit arriver de plus flat- 

Monfieur de Torcy me mande que vous 
partirez dans peu ; je vous attends avec im- 
patience, & j'ofe vous promettre que ft vous 
ne trouvez pas chez nous 1'habilite des mi- 
niftres, ni la magnificence de la Cour de 
France, vous trouverez, au moins, beaucoup 
de .droiture dans les negociations, & vous 
gouterez des plaifirs, qui, fans faire un grand 
bruit, ne laifTent pas d'etre fort fenfibles. 

Je fiiis, mon cher Due, plus que perfonne 
au mondc, votre, &c. 


De Monjieur de Torcy. 

A Verfailles, le ayme Septembre, 1712; 

LA nouvelle de votre maladie, Monfieur^ 
inquietoit beaucoup tous ceux a qui vous 
avez permis ici de fe croire du nornbre de 

VOL. III. G vo* 


vos amis, & comme v je me flatte, peut-etre 
plus que perfonne, j'etois auffi plus alarme, 
& plus afflige, de ne point recevoir de vos 
lettres. On peut laifler Ion coeur loin de' 
foi, & conferver fa fante. La votre eft 
neceflaire au public & a 1'honneur de ceux. 
qui combattent centre les infidelles ; tant 
de raifons vous perfaaderoient, Monfieur, de 
1'interet fenfible que je prends a fa conferva- 
tion,quand meme vous pourriez croire qu'ay- 
ant eu 1'honneur de vous connoitre, je puiile 
etre indifferent a tout ce qui vous regarde. 

Je le ferois au bon faeces de Taffaire que 
nous traitons, fi je n'avois craint le change- 
ment de la correipondance ordinaire. Je 
ne cachois pas ma peine a Monfieur Prior, 
lorfqu'il m'apprit, il y a deja quelques jours, 
qu'il recevroit deformais les ordres de la 
Reine par d'autres que par vous. Les meil- 
leurcs intentions changent beaucoup fuivant 
la maniere dont elles font expliquees, & 
quelque refpecl: que j'ai pour le choix de 
fa Majefte Brit a unique, pardonnez, Mon- 
fieur, fi je vous dis franchement, qu'ayant 
goute le plaifir de traiter avec vous, on doit 
me pardonner de vous preferer a d'autres' 
Miniftres. Vous me raflurez en m'appre- 



nant que notre commerce ne fera point in- 
terrompu, & je compte abfolument fur cette 
ouverture de cceur, dont il me femble que 
je repondrois autant fur Texperience que 
j'eii ai faite, que fur la promeffe que vous 
m'cn renouvetlez. Veritablement, je n'en 
aurois pas ete garant envers les Dames (i 
vous euffiez fait ici un plus long fejour. 
Comme il a fuffit pour vous faire voir ce 
que je penfe, c'eft a vous, Monfieur, que je 
me rapporte pour juger de la fmcerite & de 
1'extreme defir que j'ai d'aplanir toutes les 
difficultes lorfqu'il n'aura pas ete poffible de 
les prevenir. 

II eft vrai que j'en apprehendois nne tres 
confiderable du cote de TEfpagne, lorfque 
Monfieur Prior m'expliqua, pendant les der- 
niers jours du fejour du Roi a Fontainbleau, 
les ordres donnes a Monfieur de Lexington. 
Je ne puis croire que les intentions de la 
Reine euffent ete mal expliquees, mais 
comme j'etois perfuade que fa Majefte Bri- 
tannique changeroit une reiblution qui me 
paroifToit oppofee aux demarches qu'elle a 
takes juiqu'a prefent, je pris heureufement 
le parti de ne pas ccrire un mot en Eipagne 
de Tincident que les lettres ecrites a Mon- 
G 2 fieur 


fieur Prior me donnoient lieu de craindre ; 
ainfi, Monfieur, cette mauvaife interpreta- 
tion n'aura produit aucun inconvenient, & le 
mal eft leger puifqu'il fe reduit a I'mquietude 
qu'elle m'a caufe. 

Les ordres que la Reine donne a Monfieur 
le Comte de Lexington *, font conformes a 
ce que vous me fait Thonneur de me dire. 
11 fera bien re9u en Efpagne, & le Roi Ca- 
tholique n'oublie rien pour avancer 1'accom- 
pliifement de tout ce que le Roi a promis en 
fon nom. Ainfi, Monfieur, j'efpere qu'il n'y 
aura point de terns perdu. Je Tapprehen- 
dois lorfqne Monfieur Prior m'a fait part 
des obfervations faites a Oxford-)-, fur le pro- 
jet de la renonciation. 11 me fembloit que 
c'etoit vouloir dire en differents termes ce 
que le Roi d' Efpagne declare bieii claire- 
ment dans I'a&e dont je vous ai remis la co- 
pie. II y avoit meme une enumeration de 
nos Princes du fang, qu'il etoit d'une grande 
conlequence pour la France de ne pas ad- 
mettre. J'en avois parle a Monfieur Prior, 

* This is a miftake of Torcy, he was onlv Baron Lexing- 

t This relates to the confutation of Civilians at Oxford, 
re jefting the inheritance of the French and Spainifh mo- 



niais Monfieur de Lexington ctant parti, je 
juge, Monfieur, que ces oblervations n'au- 
ront pas etc infcrees dans fon inftruclion, & 
je m'en rejouis, car il eft a croire que 1 'ori- 
ginal du Roi d'Efpagne eft preientement 
en chemin, que le Roi le recevra dans pen 
de jours, & je vous avoue que je regretterois 
fort les momens que Tori perdroit pour le 
renvoyer, & pour en demander un autre qui 
ne contiendroit pas de claufes plus fortes & 
plus nettes que celle qu'il renferme. 

L'Abbe Gaultier ne me pardonneroit pas 
ces delais inutiles, car il prejGTe vivement de 
finir, & peu s'en faut qu'il ne m'impute le 
retardement de la negociation. S'il falloit me 
juftitier, je vous ferois voir, & vous convien- 
driez aifement, Monfieur, que le Roi a fait 
toute la diligence qui dependoit de lui, & 
qu'elle a ete iecondee par le Roi d'Efpagne 
au dela me me de ce qu'on pouvoit en efpeier. 
Mais je crois que FAbbe eft anime par fon 
zele, & peut-etre par la crainte de quitter 
JLondres, & de venir encore ici avant Fentiere 
conclufion des affaires. 

Vous me rappel'ez, mot a mot, le projet 

que vous m'avcz communique, Mvjnlieur* 

.comme la regie que nous aurions a futvre 

G 3 pour 


pour les conduire a leur perfection. Si je 
vous ai fupplie de me le repeter, n'en accufez 
pas ma memoire qui a etc fiddle, prenez- 
vous en feulement a ceax qui doutent, & 
dont I'inquietude ebranleroit quelquefois la 
foi des plus fermes ; une avance indilcrette 
& artificieufe de la part de la Hollande rap- 
pelle la premiere incredulite, alors il faut des 
armes telles que le font celles que vous me 
fourniflez pour reduire dans les termes de 
votre projet les demarches qui font a faire. 

C'eft pour fuivre ce meme plan que le 
Roi nepreffe pas le renouvellement des con- 
ferences d'Utrecht, & que fa Majefle a de- 
mande une fatisfa&ion un peu forte de cet 
ivrogne de Rechteren. II me lemble que 
c'eft auffi le moyen de fortifier indirecle- 
ment les Hollandois dans leur endurcifie- 
ment, cSc d'empecher qu'ils n'entrent, avant 
la conclufion d'une paix particuliere, dans les 
mefures que le Roi & la Reine ont concer- 
tces. Ainii vos peuples s'anirnent d'avan- 
tage contre 1'opiniatrete d'une republique 
orgueilleufe, qui n'obferve plus meme le 
droit de gens a Tegard des Miniftres qui trai- 
tent la paix chez elle, & de cette maniere 


nous avanfons tons les jours vers le but quc 
nous nous fommes propofes. 

Comme il paroit cependant, fuivant ce quc 
Monlieur Prior m'a dit depuis Tarrivee du 
dernier courier, que la Reine croit qu'il eft 
a propos de renouer les conferences d'Utrecht, 
& comme vous marquez, Monfieur, par 
votre lettre, qu'il eft bon de trouver un 
temperament pour terminer toute dilpute 
entre les Plenipotentiaires du Roi & ceux 
de la Grande Bretagne ; fa Majefte confent 
d'ordonner a fes Miniftres a Utrecht de faire 
a ceux de la Reine la declaration dont je 
vous envoie la copie. Je crois que c'eft le 
meilleur temperament qu'il y ait a prendre, 
pour garder, auffi long-terns qu'il fera ne- 
ceiFaire, le fecret des intentions de la Reine; 
& en meme-fems pour afTurer que la pahc 
fera traitee fur le plan que le Roi envoya 
a Londres, au mois d'Avril dernier. 

Si fa Majefte Britannicrue, croit a propos 
de renouer les conferences d'Utrecht, il eft 
necefTaire qu'elle informe Meflieurs les Ple- 
nipotentiaires de les intentions, fur la decla- 
ration que je vous cnvoye, Ceux du Roi 
agiront de concert avec eux fur ce fujet. 
Mais avant que de faire aucune demarche, 
G-4 il 


iJ faut neceflairement que les Etats-Gene- 
raux donnent fatisfaclion fur 1'arFaire de 

Le Roi a toujours compte, qu'ils auroient 
peine de la donner auffi forte que fa Ma- 
jeite l'a demandee ; il ne.convient pas cc- 
pendant qu'elle s'en defifte, parce que cer- 
lainement les ennemis de la paix en tire-t 
roient avantage. Mais le Roi donnera vo- 
Jontiers a Ja confideration de la Reine, unc 
partie de la reparation que fa Majefte avoit 
demandee, etant bien perfuadee, que fa Ma- 
jefte Britannique, aura les egards qu'il con- 
vient a rotten fe & au marque du refpe6l 
.qu'une Republique comme celle d'Hollande 
doit au Roi. 

J-'attends, Monfieur, par le premier cou- 
rier, les douze paifeports que vous m'an- 
jioncez pour les vailFeaux que le Roi d'Ef, 
pagne .veut .envoyer aux Indes, & je ^'ous 
.en remercie par avance. 

Ge feroit allonger ma Icttre, & vous en- 
nuyer inutilement, que de vous .ecrire fur 
tous les points que nous avons traite, Mon- 
fieur Prior & moi, & dont il vous rendra 
compte ; je lui ai communique un avis que 
j'ai rc^u, au fujet du fejour que le Chevalier 



doit faire hors du royaume ; vous favez que 
c'eft par le moyen cle la Reine qu'il dok 
rficevoir les furetes qu'il attend, elles lui font 
abfolument neceffaires, car il eft certain que 
les partis ennemis font tons les jours aux 
portes de la ville ou il doit aller. 

J'ai auffi averti Monfieur Prior des oftres 
fecretes qui font faites a I'Elecleur de Ba- 
viere. Vous favez, Monfieur, a quel point 
Is Roi s'intereffe aux avantages de ce Prince, 
& je fuis j^erfuade que vous avez rendu 
comptc a la Reine de la maniere dont le Roi 
vous en parla encore, lorfque vous prites 
conge de fa Majeftc ; I'afBiclion de I'Electeur 
a etc grande lorfqu'il n'a plus eu lieu de 
douter dc la diipo^ition de la Sicile, & fes 
inftances, depuis votre depart, en out etc 
plus vives. Comme il eipere toujours que la 
Reine ne lui fera pas contraire, qu'il croit 
menie que fa Majeftc fera bien aife de con- 
tribuer a fes avantages, il louhaite qu'elle 
foit informee de ce qu'il demande pour le 
dcdommager, autant que les conjonchires 
prefentes le peu^ent permettre, de la ceffioii 
du Haut Palatinat, &: .de celle de fon droit 
fuj la partie la plus coniiderable des Pays- 



Bas. Je vous envoie Monfieur, le projet 
qu'il en a dreffe. 

J'ai envoye a Madame la DuchefTe d'Ei- 
beuf, la lettre que vous m'avez fait 1'hon- 
neur de m'adrefler pour elle. Com me eile 
eft malade, affez coniiderablement, je ne 
compte pas d'avoir de reponfe avant le d<- 
part du courier. 

II me refte, Monfieur, a vous remercier 
des marques fenfibles que vous avez bieu 
voulu me donner de votre amitie, en parlant 
la Reine des interets de Monfieur le Due 
de St. Pierre ; il doit tout attendre d'une pro- 
tedion auffi puifTante, & pour moi, Mon- 
fieur, je connois que je tiens de vous les 
marques de bonte dont vous m'afTurez de 
la part de fa Majefte Britannique, & que 
je voudrois pouvoir mcriter par le profoncj 
refpedl: que j'ai pour elle. 

Vous m'aj)prenez a faire des excufes 
d'une auffi longue lettre, & quoique ce ibit 
avec plus de raifon de ina part que de la 
votre, je vous afTurc que je me fuis peu ap- 
percu de ce defaut en vcus ecrivant, & que 
le terns m'a paffe ii v'ite que je crois encore 
ma lettre courte. Je ibuhaiterois qu'elle 
vous le parut'auffi, & je voua fupplie de 



lire fans impatience les proteftations tres fin- 
ceres que je vous fais d'etre avec un attache - 
rnent tres veritable & tres conftant, Mon- 
fieur, votre, &c. 


Monlieur le Due d'Aumpnt prefle vive- 
rnent les ouvriers de Paris, pour etre plu- 
tot en etat de vous aller voir. C'eft le feul 
avantage que je lui envie. 

Je me fervirai une autrefois de la permif- 
licn que vous m'avez donne de vous ecrire 
d'une autre main. Je ne fais fi la Reine 
a parle au Baron de Forflner au fujet du fe- 
jour du Chevalier a Bar ? 

J Monfieur de Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce a6me Septembre, V.S. 1712. 
LE dernier courier ayant etc oblige dc 
refter quelques jours a Calais par des vents 
contraires je n'ai recu que hier Fhonneur dc 
votre lettre du 27me, N.S. 

La Reine eft au Chateau de Windfor, 
ainfi je ne la pourrai voir que demain, de 
forte qu'il favt que je renvoie a la femaine 



prochaine ce que j'aurai 1'honneur de vous 
dire par Ton ordre, m-ais en attendant je n'ai 
pas vouhi manquer de profiter de la pofte de 
ce foir, pous vous remercier de toutes vos 
bontes, & pour vous renouveller les aifur- 
ances d'une amitie inviolable & eternelle. 

Les inftru&ions de Monfieur de Lexing- 
ton, font certamement conformes a ce que 
je vous ai dit, & les intentions de fa Ma- 
jefte n'ont jamais . vane fur cet article. 
Quoique 1'Efpagne, aulii-.bien que la France, 
foient dans le departement de 1'autre fecre- 
taire, j'ai pourtant, a la requifition de ce 
Miniure avant fon depart, parcouru avec 
lui tous les ordres qu'il avok recu, & je 
erois pouvoir vous afTurer qu'il etoit en quit- 
tant la cour au fait de toutes chofes, & dans 
des fentimens tels que vous i'auriez fouhaite. 
II eft vrai que les cbfervations faites par les 
jurifconfultes ont .etc miles a la marge du 
projet de j'acfte de renonciajtion qu'on lui 
avoit remis, &-celIe fur laquelle Monfiejir 
Lexington doit principalement appuyer, eft 
remuneration des Princes du fang de France. 

je voudrois de tout mon coeur, qu'on n*eut 

jamais confulte avec ces avocats chicaneurs, 

& pour autant que je fuis capable de juger, 

* les 


ks claufes qui out etc draftees en Efpagne 
font auffi fortes & auffi nettes que celles 
que ces Meflieurs fouhaitent d'inferer. Mais 
je vous avoue en meme-tems que je ne com- 
prends pas trop les objections ^centre cette 
enumeration, com me je les trouve ex- 
pliquees dans la depeche de Monfieur Prior 
au Comte de Dartmouth. II eft certain 
que dans un acle qui fait le fondement de la 
paix, & qui doit conferver la tranquillite de 
1'Europe, dans les fiecles a venir, il eft 
beaucoup plus pardonnable d'admettre des 
cxpreffions inutiles, que de negliger le moin- 
dre mot qui puifTe ou eclaircir ou confirmer. 

Je me rejouis de ce que les armes que je 
vous ai fournis vous ayent etc utiles ; je 
m'etonne feulement que vous en ayez en 

II me femble que Meffieurs vos infidelles 
doivent avoir bien mauvaiie grace, quand ils 
s'oppofent a un Miniftre qui feul, & fans 
leur participation, a conduit les chofes a un 
point qu'ils n'oioient efperer il y a quelque 

Je croyois les paflcports que le Roi d'Ef- 
pagne a demandes pour les vaiffeaux qui 
vont..aux Indes, dcja a Madrid, mais on vient 



de me dire, que le Sieur Gilligan, Com- 
miflaire que la Reine envoie en Efpagne 
pour les affaires de commerce, en a etc" 
charge ; il partira au premier jour, & j'ef- 
pere que ce delai ne fera d'aucun preju- 

Puifque je parle des Indes, vous voulez 
bien, Monfieur, que je vous dife na'ivement, 
que Tinvafion de nos colonies par un efcadre 
de vos vahTeaux eft un contretems qui fait 
plus de mal que le butin que vous en rap- 
porterez ne vous fera de bien. 

On a deja parle au Miniftre de Loraine 
touchant la furete du Chevalier, & il en a 
ecrit a fon maitre. Je ne manquerai pas 
Dimanche prochaine de lui demander quelle 
reponfe il a eu. 

Par le Secretaire de Monfieur Prior, j'au- 
rai Thonneur de vous ecrire Lundi ou Mardi 
prochaine. Je fuis, Monfieur, votre, &c. 

From Mr. Prior. 

Verfailles, 17 -2 8th September, 1712. 
GIVE me leave to thank you from my 
foul for your explicit, friendly, long letter, 



of the loth, O.S. as Monfieur de Torcy 
does for that which accompanied it ; I was 
fo well directed by the lights you held out, 
that we have avoided two fhoals, upon 
which, without any figure, we were very 
likely to have run : that of alterations and 
additions to be made to the inftrument of 
renunciation, and Dr. Henchman's* opi- 
nion, upon which Monfieur de Torcy and I 
were 'fending and proving, repliquing and 
rejoining, four days, is, God be praifed ! all 
over, by Lord Lexington's going into Spain, 
and this Court being entirely fatisfied in the 
inftruclions which he will receive, and the 
good fenfe with which he will execute them: 
in the main, you and I know, that thefe 
people mean the renunciation fliould be as 
itrong as we can aik it ; and every man 
knows that our advantage confifts in the 


quick execution of it. Your letter upon 
this head Hived me from the politic grip- 
ings which are lefs tolerable than thofe I 
had at the fame time from a cholera morbus, 
which I hope is going off; as to the other 
point, that of our being at a full flop at 
Utrecht, you will fee I prefume, by Mon- 

* The Civilian. 



fieur de Torcy's letter, that I comprehend- 
ed, and made him comprehend that I did 
ib, the ground upon which her Majefty 
would ftand, and the utmoft that France 
ought to expect from her, in relation to the 
barrier for the Dutch, or any other part of 
her fpeech. I repeated to him, that I was 
left here to defend this principle, and to in- 
culcate this doctrine, which you had plant- 
ed, and that he mufl help us in this point r 
or any other of the like nature that may 
arife : upon the whole, he drew up the fub- 
ftance of what he fends you, and having 
mowed it to the King, fends it as an in- 
ftruction to the French Plenipotentiaries at 
Utrecht, which I hope has effectually brought 
xis off, and fet the conferences there jn 
foot again, in the manner you defired. 

The referring the affair of Rechteren, and 
the fatisfadlion which he thereupon mall 
have, to the Queen's arbitrage, was a point 
with which I very eafily doled ; iince be- 
fides that it gives her Majciry a Angular ho- 
nour, it furnifhes her likewife with an op- 
portunity of retraining or forwarding the 
conferences as flic pleales. 

I refer you to my letter to Lord Dart- 


inouth, for all mercantile andfhip news, de- 
firing you to adjuft with him, and fend me 
your refolution upon the points which Mon- 
fieur Ponchartrain has writ to Monfieur de 
Torcy, and I have tranfmitted to England. 

The Dutch moft certainly are fearching 
a peace more than ever, by the means of the 
Elector of "Bavaria, to whom they would 
have the Low Countries affigned ; upon a 
luppoiition that, in that cafe, he would un- 
derftand the word barrilre in another fenfe 
than they think the Emperor will under- 
ftand it, and leave them in the full and 
eternal polfetfion of the towns where they 
now are ; by which means, you fee, they 
will expound dependencies, chatelenies, and 
reunions, as well as other people. The two 
things viiible in thefe tentative* of our good 
allies are, their reftlefs defire of extending 
their frontiere^ and their utter hatred to the 
neighbourhood of their old matters of Au- 
ilria. The ufe (you will fee by what Mon- 
licur de Torcy fends you) that Bavaria makes 
of this is, that, telling it to France that 
they may tranfmit it to England, that Prince* 
may make himfelf as much merit as he 
can to engage her Majefty to help him in 
the enfuing treaty of peace. 


As to the Chevalier, he expe&s that we 
mould furnim him with pailports from the 
Emperor; though, by the way, not one 
thing that young man can do, nor one word 
he can fay, but will be told by Lorrain* to 
the Emperor, and from that Court will be 
communicated to the Whigs in England, to 
which pray have an eye. 

I am fure Monfieur de Torcy prefles you 
to refume your correfpondence with us ; it 
is little for me to fay, after him, how much 
the fervice muft fuffer, and how many in- 
cidents muft needs arife from its being ei- 
ther put into a new channel, or divided 
into two ; but Icb dien* 

I hope that beaft Drift is on his jour- 
ney ; what detains him, I rather wonder 
than guefs, fmce, by your kindnefs to me, 
the powers and inftru&ions which he brings 
muft have been ready fome days. I do not 
pretend to -thank you for your great friend- 
fhip to me any other ways, than by alluring 
you I will always ftudy to deferve it. Adieu, 

I am, eternally, your Lordfhip's, &c. 


* Meaning the Duke. 

I hop 


I hope Madame Calandrine is fafely ar- 
rived at London ; I need not fay that I ferved 
her as far as I could, and creeled myfelf 
before my time into a Minifter, gave her 
paffports and orders accordingly, which you 
mud: pardon. 

I juft now hear that Monfieur Voifm* has 
given the King an account that our garrifon 
at Dunkirk is very (ickly, ocean" oned by our 
foldiers eating cucumbers, and other fuch 

I hear nothing from Utrecht, but from 
my friends here ; pray let them write to 
me. Monfieur de Torcy has given du 
Quefne's and Wyn's cafe to Monfieur Pont- 
chartrain, to whom you know I cannot yet 
addreis myfelf; and as foon as I can I will 
folicit them. Having heard nothing from 
him, I judge that the part of your letter to 
him which takes it for granted that mar- 
chands may reciprocally, during the fufpen- 
fion, go and come freely in and out of any 
part of Britain or France, is mutually 
agreed on. 

I have fent paffports 480. 

* War-fecretary. 

II 2 From 


From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, September aoth, N.S. 1712, 
I FORWARD a letter from Mr. Che- 
twynd, at Genoa, to Lord Dartmouth ; I 
lend him likewife the' copy of one writ by 
Monfieur Pontchartrain, to Monfieur de* 
Torcy, the fubfrance of which I have already 
writ to Lord Dartmouth at large by the laft 
expreis, and daily expect his orders upon 
the whole. But all things from England 
being uncertain, I venture this by way of 
Dunkirk, and hope it will come lafe. What 
I trouble you with, is, you fee, a parcel of 
letters which have been brought hither, and 
Avere left during my writing from Fontain- 
bleau ; they are, I believe, of no great 
worth, and might have ftaid on this fide for 
ever ; indeed they had like to have done fo, 
for your friend Matt has, for fifty hours pail, 
had a troujje-galante dans toutes ks formes > 
and I was of opinion that I was going ad 
Palimedem, ad Ufyffem, & Heroai. I have 
changed that opinion thefe twelve hours 
paft, and I hope to live with Lord Trea- 
iurer and Lord Bolingbroke, who are e'eii 



as good company. Why do not I hear from 
you all ? 

I am ib weak I can hardly hold my pen, 
to tell you, that I am ever, my dear Lord, 
Your's, &c, 


Your's of the 29th deferves a more par- 
ticular acknowledgment than my prefent in- 
difpofition permits me to give you. I hope 
you are perfeclly recovered, which, I allure 
you, will be as grateful news as I can pof- 
fibly hear. Adieu, my Lord. I am ill, ancj 
in great pain, but I think the worfl is paft r 

From Mr. Prior. 

Verfailles, September 19-30^, 1712. 

THE inclofed I received to-day, from 
Monfieur de Torcy ; by it your Lord (hip 
will fee (what I am very glad of) that our 
Commander-in-chief received your Lord- 
fhip's orders writ from hence, fo that our 
duplicates are fuperfluous, and the Duke of 
Argyle will find matters on that fide adjufted 
as they mould be. 

II 3 I fend 


1 fend this by the way of Dunkirk. I ex- 
pect every day to hear from you, and as I 
have writ a great deal to you, two days 
fince, by Hayward, 1 believe I mall have as 
much more to write to you, as foon as 1 ihall 
have received an exprefs and Drift from 
England, both which I daily expect. 

The King goes to Rambouillet to the 
Count de Thouloufe*, on Monday, flays 
there all the next week. I flay here till 
the Court goes, that I may lofe no time in 
imparting to Monfieur de Torcy what I may 
from you. 

I am ever, with great friendmip, 
Your Lordfhip's, &c. 

The King told me yefterday at his dinner, 
that he was glad to fee me fo well recovered. 
Can I die ? a-nd after all js it not dans k 

'' * Legitimated Ton of Louis XIV, by Madame de Monte- 
ipan, and Grand Admiral of France. 


1o Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, September z6th, O.S. 1712^ 
BOTH your letters of the iyth, with the 
paquet inclofed, came to my hands yeflerday, 
and I once more heartily congratulate your 

I thought it was, proper to keep Drift 
three days, that he might take your powers, 
and other neceflary papers along with him ; 
but I confefs. I do not fee what occalion 
there was to keep him three weeks, that he 
might take Gilligan along with him, who 
is able to find his way by himfelf. Thus, 
however, the cafe ftands, and I cannot help 
it. I believe they will fet forward next 
week without fail. 

I perceive by your letter to Dartmouth, 
and by Monfieur de Torcy's to me, that 
the fingle point to which the French objecl: 
very ftrongly, in the amendments prepared 
by Dr. Henchman, to the a6l of Philip's 
renunciation, is the enumeration of the 
Princes of the blood in France. For my 
own part, I have all along defpifed the wif- 
dom of thefe civilians, and thought their 
H 4 caution 


caution chicane, but others have not been 
of my mind. However, I own my weak* 
nefs, and confefs that I cannot find any force 
in the French reafbuing deduced in your 
difpatch to my brother Secretary. 

Firft, becaufe Philip is not in the execu- 
.tion of this adl to be looked upon abftra&edly 
as King of Spain, but is to be confidered as 
a Prinze of the Houfe of France, and very 
nearly allied to the crown of that kingdom. 

Secondly, becaufe when Philip excludes 
himfelf and his children (if this exclufion 
dignifies any thing) the Duke of Berry and 
hL fons, and the Duke of Orleans and his 
fons, have in them that very right which 
was in him, each in his turn, after the 
Dauphin, and therefore no new right is fo 
much as pretended to be created ; but that 
which really tubfifts is particularly fpecified. 

Thirdly, becaufe in the agreement for a 
fufpenfion of arms in Flanders, this devolu- 
tion to the Dukes of Berry and Orleans 
is in the fame manner mentioned ; and, 
which is ftill more appofite, it is, in the 
Queen's ipeech, Ipoke of in the fame mau- 
ner, and the French have been parties to 
one, and never objected to the other. 



Fourthly, becaufe Monfieur de Torcy 
agrees that Philip fhall fay that he confents 
quon regarde ce drolt comme paffe & tranfmis 
a celui qui fe poitrra trouver plus prcche en 
degrt immediat apres k Roi, &c . 

Now who are en dcgre immediat apres le 
Rot, but the Dauphin and the two Dukes 
above-mentioned ; and why may they not be 
fpecifically named, as well as included in 
general words ? I wifh, with all my heart, 
the amendment had never been propofed ; 
but on the other hand, France mull: take 
care not to create a fufpicion that they de- 
fign to evade this renunciation, as they have 
done former afts of the fame ibrt. 

I think the inftrucltons fent to the French 
Minifters at Utrecht, will get over the rub 
which lay in our way, and you do extremely 
right to keep the French to the principle 

By the working of the Dutch, I am apt to 
think we fhall foon hear them fpeak another 
language. As to their treaty with Bavaria, 
it is an intelligence of a very extraordinary 
nature, but not unlikely. I do not fee how 
any meaiure which they may take of this 
fort, can hurt the Queen ; on the contrary, 

I think 


I think I fee how (he may improve it to her 
advantage : but you know we can fpeak no 
Janguage but this, that all the Low Coun- 
tries are to go to the Emperor, fubjecl: to the 
barrier of Hglland. 

Pray give the inclofed to Madame de 
Feriol, with many compliments. Allure 
Madame de Torcy, that ihe wrongs an ho- 
neft heart, and that Harry is incapable of 
forgetting her, or his obligations to her. 

The garrifon and town of Dunkirk have 
been extreme fickly, but, with Monfieur de 
Voifin's leave, it is not to be attributed to 
the tram which our foldiers eat, who live at 
leaft as well as theirs ; the poor devils found 
the diftemper, and did not bring it there. 

Monfieur de Pontehartrain is fatisfied upon 
his queries, and I tranfmit to you two cafes, 
which I complain of to him. 

Adieu, ever your faithful, 


Drift (hall bring you another epiftle. 


To the Earl of Str -afford. 

Whitehall, September 26, O.S. 1712. 

THE letters of the 4th of Odober, N.S. 
came this morning to our hands, and al- 
though I cannot take upon me to give an 
anfwer to the difpatches of bufmefs, till J 
have laid them before the Queen, yet I muft 
not let the poft of to-night go away with- 
out carrying your Lordfhip my .(incere ac- 
knowledgments, and hearty thanks for your 
private letter of the fame date. 

I know very well how impoflible it is to 
a<5t an honefl and refolute part, efpecially in 
fuch times and fuch circumftances as ours, 
without creating multitudes of enemies. This 
I am therefore prepared for, and I. protefl 
to you, that the approbation of one man 
like yourfelf, gives me more inward fatif- 
faclion, than the clamour of a whole fac- 
tion gives me difturbance. 

I own my ignorance naturally ; either I 
never knew, or it has flipt out of my me- 
mory, that King James's widow was at- 

Your affairs {hall be taken all due CSre 



of, and my own concerns will never fit fo 
near my heart, as thofe of fo honourable and 
kind a friend. 

We received letters yefterday from Ver- 
failles ; mine from Monfieur de Torcy, are 
of the 2/th September, N.S. wherein he 
agrees to the manner in which I ftated the 
Queen's meafures with refpecl to her allies ; 
fays, he had not forgot that I told literally 
the fame thing at Fontainbleau, but that he 
was defirous to have it flated again by me, 
that he might arm himfelf againfl fuch of 
his own court as are capricious and diftruft- 

This point being fettled, I think, my 
Lord, our road is ftraight and clear before 
us. If the Dutch do come heartily into the 
meafures of peace, and fix realbnable terms 
to conclude upon, we muft join with them, 
as France is prepared to expecl:. If they 
continue either obflinate or uncertain, we 
muft proceed and finifli our work without 
flaying for their concurrence, as France has 
been promifed. But, my Lord, above all 
things, lake care that they be explicit and 
particular. Nothing is more defiruble, than 
that our peace and theirs, mould be made 
* at 


at the fame time ; but nothing is more fatal 
than that they mould affect to repent, with- 
out doing it in earneft, fpin out the nego- 
ciation, and hurt us more by an appearance 
of lubmiffion, than they can do by open and 
direcl oppofition. 

The Elector of Bavaria pretends to have 
had overtures from the States ; and you will 
find, by my other difpatch, ftill hopes to keep 
part of the Spanim Netherlands, notwith- 
ftanding the pofitive refufal which, in the 
Queen's name, I gave to that demand when 
I was in France. 

Your Lordfhip will pleafe to communi- 
cate thefe particulars to my Lord Privy 
Sea), and to believe me, with much refpect, 

Yours, &rc. 

To Lord Lexington. 

Windfor Cattle, September 30, 1712. 
I CANNOT negleft the opportunity, 
which the departure of Mr. Gilligan gives 
me, of writing to your Lordfliip, as well to 
recommend myfelf to the continuance of 
your favour, as this gentlemen to your protec- 


tion. He is fo perfeft a matter of the Spa- 
nifh trade, in all its parts, and has fo many 
habitudes, efpecially among the mercantile 
people in that country, that I hope his en- 
deavours will extremely contribute to the 
fettling of our interefts in Spain and the 
Weft Indies, on a much better foot than 
they have ever been. 

I trouble your Lordmip on no head of 
bufmefs, imagining that this would only be 
to repeat what you will be informed of from 
the other office. 

By our laft accounts from France, we hear 
that they expected Philip's renunciation 
might be actually on the road. This ap- 
pears like great forwardnefs to conclude, 
and I hope the x fame fpirit will mow itfelf 
in every other part of the negociation. Your 
Lordmip will be glad to hear, as I take it 
for granted you have by this time, from 
Lord Dartmouth, that if this acl mould have 
been difpatched, you are not to infift to have 
the whole overhauled again, which would 
lofe a confiderable time, for the fake of that 
amendment of the Civilians, wherein the 
Princes of the Bourbon line are ipecifically 
enumerated, nor for any other of the mar- 


ginal notes. If the aft is not pafied, I fup- 
pofe you will find no great difficulty in pre- 
vailing to add any thing which may feem to 
ftrengthen a renunciation which it is fo much 
the interefl of Spain to have made good. 

I have nothing farther to add, but my 
hearty wimes for your Lordfhip's health, 
pleafure, and fuccefs, and my earneft de~ 
lire that you would honour me with your 
commands whenever you think I can be of 
ufe to you, and my iincere alTurances that 
I am, your Lordmip's, &c. 

To Mr. Prior. 


Windfcr-Caftle, 2gth September, O.S. 1712. 

I WRIT to you at the clofe of laft week 
not very fully inftrudted, but this difpatch 
will be of more confequence, and I believe, 
before you come to the end of it, you will 
obferve that we are now at the crifis of our 
negociation, and that the future peace of 
Europe does very much depend on the mea- 
lures which the Queen fhall think fit to take. 

When, in order to keep my word with you, 

I take upon me to explain any thing in 

4 which 


which I apprehend there may be any mi 
take, you muft forgive me if I am too par-* 
ticular in fpeaking to fome points, which 
you may, perhaps, receive in a very clear 
liGrht from the other office. 


A clerk of the council was ordered to at- 
tend laft night at the Cabinet, with a decla- 
ration drawn by the Attorney-general, and 
intended to have been publifhed for the re- 
leafe of all French and Spanim prifoners, 
whether taken at fea or land; but upon com- 
paring this draught with that which was 
fent from France, the Queen found the lat- 
ter to be confined to foldiers only, and to 
fuch a degree that it even ipecifies the par- 
ticular forts. 

This made it imporlible for her Majefty 
to declare a general releafe of all French 
prifoners whatfoever ; at the fame time, flic 
was unwilling to make a di/rinclioa in fb 
formal a manner, between the fea and land 
pnfoners, wherein the principal care would 
vc appeared to be taken of the latter, 
bendes, her Majefry looked upon it to be as 
much the intereft of France as hers, that 

? Pnion doors fhould be reciprocally f* 



j and all prifoners, except hoftages,' be 
at once reftored to their liberty. 

Thefe considerations determined her Ma- 
jefty not to publifti any declaration at all. 

But, in the mean time, her orders have 
beon given for the releafe of all French, and 
will be extended to Spaniards too, with the 
reierve abovementioned. She makes no 
doubt but that the French will rectify what 
feems to haVe been only a miftake, and in 
that confidence fhe takes this meafure, and 
depends on you to have the matter fet right. 

I came from London on Saturday, and 
the Duke of Argyle, as I fuppofe, fet out 
yefterday ; you muft without doubt have al- 
ready heard of his Grace's coming towards 
you, and will mortly fee him. I take it 
that the chief, if not the only bufinefs, which , 
he has at the Court of France, is, to con- 
cert with the King's ministers the manner 
in which the Imperial troops are to evacuate 
Catalonia ; and I believe upon this occafion, 
it is neceffary that 1 mould fay fomething 
t(^ you of the Queen's views and apprehen- 
iions, and of fome fteps which me has made 
relating to this affair. 

Her Majefty's defign is to put an end to 
VOL. III. J the 

the war in that country, and as me with- 
draws herfelf from it, fo ihe will, accord- 
ing to her promifes, affift in retranfporting 
the German troops from thence. Her ap- 
prehenfions are of two forts : firft, me is 
afraid (though that fear is a "kinder thing 
than the conduct of the Imperial Court 
deferves at her hands) that they may opt- 
niatre a miftaken fcheme of politics to their 
ruin. They have, you know, been all this 
year pouring troops into Spain, fondly ima- 
gining to make it, by keeping an army 
there, worth the while of Philip and his 
grandfather, to give them fome equivalent 
for withdrawing themfelves out of it. 
Whereas we have all along judged that as- 
long as the Germans difagreed with her 
Majefty, fuch a project was very chimerical^ 
that they would meet with the common 
fate of bullies, and be kicked out of doors ; 
in fhort, that the moment the Queen ceafed 
to act herfelf, and to fupport them, the {end- 
ing troops thither, was only multiplying of 
hoftages, and that inftead of gaining any 
thing for abandoning the country, they muft 
be glad at laft to compound for liberty to 
quit it with fafety. 



Another apprehenlion the Queen has, is 
the ufe which the Emperor may make of 
this body of troops when they come from 
Catalonia. He is already enough inclined to 
quarrel with the Duke of Savoy, and the 
wind which he has got of the intended dif- 
pofition of Sicily to that Prince, will be 
apt to blow the coals. How practicable it 
may be for him to make any attempt on that 
kingdom, I am not able to fay ; but there is 
ground enough to fear that he may attack 
his Royal Highnefs in Lombardy. J men- 
tion nothing of any enterprize which may 
be expected from the Emperor again/I the 
Venetians, Florence, or any other State of 
Italy, iince thefe are not fo immediately our 
concern as the former fuppofitions. 

In thefe views, and under thefe apprehen- 
fions, the fteps which her Majefty has taken 
are thefe : firir, me propofed to the Imperial 
Minifters at Utrecht, the withdrawing in 
time the Emprefs and the German forces 
out of Catalonia, and when thefe Minifters 
received the propofition with an air truly 
Auftrian, her Plenipotentiaries reprefented 
to them in very plain terms, that they are 
not in a condition of bargaining, and that 

I 2 if 


if they do not come to a prudent refdlu- 
tion very fpeedily, they may chance to pay 
dear for their folly. 

In order to illuftrate this matter the bet- 
ter, and to enable you to make the French 
minifters enter rightly into the Queen's 
fenfe, I fend you extracts of my firft letter 
to her Plenipotentiaries on this (ubjecl, of 
their anfwer to me, and of my reply to 

The Duke of Argyle will propofe upon 
this head, that if the Germans are willing 
to evacuate Catalonia, till fuch time as they 
have an opportunity of doing it, which can- 
not be immediately, the Spaniards fhall not 
molefr. them. 

By my laft difpatch, you fee what my opi - 
nion was of the objections made by the 
French minifters to the amendments offered 
by Dr. Henchman for the form of Philip's 
renunciation, wherein the v Princes of the 
Blood of France are enumerated. I am 
now to tell you, that when this point was 
debated laft night before the Queen. I found 
all the Lords concurred with me ; and fome 
of them inclined to think the amendment 
more neceflary, on account of the earneft- 



ncfs mown by the French Court to have it 
omitted. However, having obferved in 
Moniieur de Torcy's .letter to me of the 
2/rh inftant, this expreffion, car il eft a 
croire que I'afte original du Roi d'Efpagne 
eft prcjentement en chemin, que k Roi le re- 
cevra en feu de jours, &c. I moved, and 
with a great deal of difficulty prevailed, to 
have a private inftruclion fent to JLord Lex- 
ington, that in caie the acl: was patted, he 
mould not infift to have the whole overhaul~ 
ed for the fake of this alteration ; otherwise, 
that he mould endeavour to have it infert^ was however the fenfe of the coun- 
cil, that even fubmitting to this expedient 
ihould not be communicated to the Mjni- 
fters of France, 

Having at laft got Mr. Gilligan's in- 
ftrudtions, and his other papers diipatcr.ed, 
I take it for granted, that he fets out to-- 
morrow, with Drift, for Paris. I have order- 
ed the boat to flay for them at Dover, and I 
fend thefe packets to London, to go by their 
conveyance. As Mr. Gilligan is a man of a 
good deal of merit in his iphere, and is em- 
ployed by the Queen in an affair of the ut- 
mod importance, as well as to the reputa- 
1 3 t ipH 


tion of her Minifters, as to the prefent and 
future advantages of her kingdoms, I make 
no doubt but that during his fhort ftay at 
Paris, he will have all the countenance, 
fupport, information, and recommendation, 
which you can give him. 

Your friend Drift brings your letters of 
credence, and your powers, and thefe will 
foon be followed by a fcheme of the loweft 
expedient which we can admit of upon the 
fubjecl of North America, and upon thofe 
articles of the treaty of commerce which 
are frill in difpute between us and France. 
My notion is, that we lofe no tim, by de- 
lavinop to confer with the French Minifters 

J O 

upon thefe heads : the matter is already ex- 
tremely trite ; we are both" well apprized 
of our refpeclive interefts, and neither fide 
has much reafon to hope to outreach the 
other. Debating would, therefore, be of 
little ufe - y we ought rather to reduce our 
demands as low as the expectations of our 
trading people will allow us, and then pro- 
pole them to the French as ib many ulti- 
mata ; who will then have their choice, ei- 
ther to accept them to iecure the peace, or 
to refufe them at the expence of keeping the 



treaty open, and expofing the negociation to 
new hazards. 

Though I was glad to find .by Brigadier 
Price's* letter, that he had received the 
Queen's orders which I fert him from Fon- 
tainbleau, and that he was preparing to put 
them in execution, I was at the fame time 
concerned to fee that Terragona was not 
garrifoned by her Majefty's troops, though 
it had been fortified at her expence, nay, 
though her hofpital and all her ftores were 
in the place. But this is of a piece with the 
reft of that conduct which we did not think 
fit to change, till we were almoft ruined by 
purfuing it, 

Thefe particulars being out of the way, 
I mufl now give you an account of what 
is working in Holland; of the application 
made from thence to the Queen, and of her 
Majefty's thoughts upon the prefent con- 

You will fee by the inclofed-f- what I 
write to Monfieur de Torcy ; you will pleafe 
to enforce my arguments, and endeavour to 
ftiow the French Minifters, that as the 

* Commanding in Catalonia. 

f Copy of letter to de Torcy, 3oth September. 

I 4 Queen's 


Queen's behaviour is clean and frank, as me 
has done more in order to force a peace than 
they could have expecled, fo it will be- 
come them not to hazard the continuance 
of the war for a town more or lefs ; ftill 
giving this turn to all the inftances, that her 
Majefty is not departing from any facility 
fhe has hitherto mown, but concerting in 
confidence what may be moft eligible for our 
mutual intereft, and the common good of 
Europe. You know the principle laid down 
is, that the proceedings of the Queen's al- 
lies gave advantages to the French which 
fhe could never have given them ; and if 
things continued in this fituation till we 
were ready to fign, that the peace mould be 
concluded without flaying for the concur- 
rence of any of our allies ; but if the con- 
federates, and efpecially the Dutch, fhould, 
before the conclufion of our treaty, come 
into the Queen's meafures, defire what is 
part may be forgot, and mow a fmcere in- 
tention of acting in concert with her Ma- 
jefty ; that, in fuch cafe, (he could. not avoid 
efpoufmg their intereft, and taking them 
along with her. The States of Holland are 
jikely to choofe the latter turn, and have 
4 already 


already made Icveral advances towards it t 
What has pafTed at Utrecht you will fee by 
the incloled papers, the originals of which 
were brought to me lafl night by exprefs, 
from the Queen's Plenipotentiaries *. 

On Saturday, as I was fetting out for this 
place, the User van BorfeleJf came to my 
office, and made a proportion much like 
that of Buys, and ufhered it in with the 
fame fort of preamble. The Grand Pen- 
fionary has writ to my Lord Treafurer ; and 
the aim of thefe people feems to. be, cither 
to reftore their union with the Queen, and 
by her means to make their peace wkh 
France and Spain, or elfe, by publishing how 
far in confideration of her, they have re- 
ceded from their firft demands, and by fub- 

* The Britifii Plenipotentiaries informed the Secretary of 
State, that the States-General had declared they were difpofed 
to comply with her Majttty, and totiefire her good offices with 
France; particularly that Tournay and Conde might be left 
to them, aspaitof their barrier, 'without which they could 
not be lafe ; that the Eledor of Bavaria might not be fuffered 
to retain a town in the Netherlands, which would be as 
bad for Holland as if thofe places we.e in the hands of 
France: therefore they propofed that Luxembourg, Namur, 
Chai itToy, and Nieuport, might be delivered to the Emperor ; 
that the French might not infill on excepting the four fpecie 
of goods out of the tariff of 1664; and that if her Majefty 
could prevail with Fnnre to fatisfythe States on thefe article?, 
they would be ready to fiibmit in all the reft. 

t The Dqlcti Ambafladgr. 



mitting, in terms of the greater! humility* 
to move the companion of mankind towards 
them, and fome degree of indignation to- 
wards us, as if we were too partial in, fa- 
vour of France. 

I think you mould not appear to Mon- 
fieur de Torcy to know the contents of my 
letter to him, at leaft of this part of it ; but 
you mould take all occafions of mowing him, 
that if the Dutch do fubmit, we mud not 
continue in this flrangenefs towards them, 
nor entirely decline to favour their interefts ; 
that Tournay is not worth the peace, and 
though the King may be defirous to fave it, 
yet if he can make an end at once, and re- 
frore the tranquillity of Europe by yielding 
it, that it will not become his profeilioris to 
infift too long upon it. 

You will farther infinuatc, that the 
Queen's fpeech has been fo openly acknow- 
ledged by the French, as a plan- they ap- 
proved, that it will be hard to go back from 
the terms of it ; and that you doubt it is 
impoflible to diftinguim themlelves into a 
right to retain Tournay by that paragraph 
thereof which relates to the barrier of Hol- 



We do not expe6t that France will im- 
mediately give up a town which they are 
for fo many reafons fond of, no more than 
we expect that the Dutch will immediately 
and exprefsly abandon their demands of 
Conde ; but this manner of opening our- 
felves to Monfieur de Torcy, is agreeable to 
the friendship which we profefs to each 
other, and think you can hardly mifs difco- 
vering what his and the other Minjfters' in- 
tention at the bottom is. 

I remember he fpoke to me of bringing 
the Dutch in as a very capital point, and 
fuch no doubt it is, for the reft of the allies 
cannot fo much as make a mow of war. 

The King's life, the Queen's life, and 
other confiderations, will occur to you, at 
leaft as faft, perhaps fafter than to me ; 
but there is one expectation which perhaps 
the French may entertain, and which you 
muft cure if you find the fmalleft fymptom 
of it. They may be apt to reafon thus ; 
let us keep off from clofing with Holland ; 
we have the winter before us ; the Britifl}, 
Minifters will be afraid to meet the Parlia- 
ment without clofing the negociation firftj 
and therefore they will either oblige the 



Dutch to yield Tournay, or they, will finifti 
without the Dutch, if we are ftiff. Now 
this logic is certainly falfe ; for if it comes 
once to be known, and it is not poffiblc 
the iecret mould be kept, that Holland 
would have concluded their peace at the 
fame time as the Queen, provided they 
might have had Tournay, we mall not dare 
to leave them behind us ; and I muft tell 
you, on this occafion, that fome of our heft 
friends among the Tories would, in fuch a 
cafe, join to condemn us. If, therefore, 
the Dutch fhould put their agreeing or not 
agreeing upon fp (hort an ifiue as one town, 
which they will fay they give up fo much 
fo keep, 1 doubt the confequence of the 
French refufmg to comply would be a ne- 
ceffity on the Queen to appear en the fide of 
Holland, and very probably before the {it- 
ting of Parliament to drive the matter to 
an iflue, and then appeal to her people. 

By what I have faid, you enter, I am 
fure, into pur ientirnents, and into the ftyle 
you are to life with Man lieu r de Torcy. 

I have got at laii the Affair of the Grif- 
fon* compounded, not without very great 

* A French Eaft-Iiidiaman, 



difficulty, though the fum to be paid to th& 
captors is fo large as 35,000 1. ; the fhip 
was plainly prize, and the pafs fent over 
hither might have been proved to have been 
numerically one of thole delivered at Fon- 
tainbleau four days after the Griffon was in 
Sir Thomas Hardy's powerj though Gaultier 
was ready to fwear that he received it fome 
months before ; which part of the Abbot 
has, I confefs to you, done him no good in 
my opinion. 

Adieu, dear Matt, I am for ever your's, 


A Monfieur de lorcy. 


Du Chateau de Windfor, 
le 3ome Septembre, V.S. 1712. 

JE fuis venu ici Samedi paffe, & j'ai eu 
1'honneur de lire a la Reine une partie de 
votre derniere lettre du 2jmc Septembre. 
J'aurois a preient aupres de moi, les mate- 
riaux d'une tres longue depeche, fi pour vous 
cpargner autant qu'il m'eft poffiblc de la 
peine parmi les grandes occupations qui vous 
accablent, je n ? avois ecrit fort en detail a 
Monfieur Prior. Comme il eft affez heu- 



reux pour vous faire fort fouvent fa ccur* 
il ne manquera pas de choifir les quarts 
.d!heures ]es moins incommodes pour vous 
parler fur les divers articles. 

La Reine trouve que la declaration que 
Medieurs les Plenipotentiaires de France 
feront, doit oter tout le fcrupule des fiens, 
& applanir la difficulte qu'ils avoient forme, 
& qu'ils envifagoient comme tres grande. 
Je leur ecris dans ce fens, & ces Miniftres 
parleront conform ement aux votres, avec 
lefquels iis concerteront en meme- terns la 
fatisfaction qui doit etre donnee fur I'affaire 
de cet ivrogne de Rechteren. 


Sa Majefte m'a auffi commande de leur 
faire part de la regie qu'elle a etablie, & 
qu'elle a promife au Roi Tres Chretien 
d'obferver dans le cours des negociations. 
Elle eft fort aife de voir qu'il n'y a point 
eu de mefentendu fur cet article, & 1 que 
vous avez compris le plan qu'elle pretend 
fuivre avec la derniere exactitude, de la ma- 
niere que j'ai eu ordre de 1'expliquer, quand 
j'etois en France, dans toutes les occafions, 
& principalement dans des conjonclures 
comme celle-ci, ou les parties qui traitent 
font du premier rang parmi les hommes, & 


ou les points dont il s'agit font de la der- 
niere importance au bonheur du monde ; 
la meilleure chofe qu'on puifle faire eft de 
lie rien laifler d'obfcur ou d'equivoque dan s 
les termes dont on fe fert, & dans les pr,in- 
cipes qu'on veut fuivre. C'eft ce que me 
femble nous avons fait jufques-ici, & peut- 
etre n'y a-t-il point d'exemple d'une nego- 
elation conduite comme celle-ci, ou les tra- 
vailleurs de part & d'autre n'ont rien a fe 
reprocher. Cela nous dok etre d'une grande 
confolation, & nous faire bien augurer du 
fucces de notre grande ouvrage. 

Le langage des Hollandois a 1'egard de 
l'Ele<?leur de Baviece, eft, a ce que je vois, 
bien different. Car ils paroiffent, quand ils 
nous parlent, refolus de ne lui laiiTer aucune 
place dans les Pays-Bas Efpagnols. 

Vous pouvez e^tre fur que j'ai reiidu compte 
a la Reine de la maniere dont le Roi me 
parla fur le chapitre de ce Prince infortune, 
& je ne doute pas que vous n'ayez com- 
muniqut; a fa Majefte Tres Chretienne tes 
fentimens de la Reine fur ce meme fujet, 
lefquels j'ai eu 1'honneur de vous expliquer, 
& que je ne trouve pas etre changes de.- 
puis mon retour ; fi vous faites comparaifbn 
2 d, 


de ce qui pent etre obtenu pour cet Elecleur, 
avec fes merites perfonels, ou avec les obli- 
gations quc la France & 1'Efpagne lui peu- 
vent avoir, cela vous paroitra a la verite 
peu de chofe ; mais quand vous ertvifagerez 
1'afFaire d'un autre cote, & quand vous pren- 
drez la peine de confiderer que ce Prince a 
perdu tout ce qu'il avoit du fien, & tout 
ce que le Roi d'Efpagne lui avoit ou confie 
ou donne a I'exclufion de Luxembourg* 
Namur, Charleroi* & Nietiport* je crois que 
vous conviendrez que les offres qu'on lui 
fait ne font pas inconfiderables, par rapport 
aux reftitutions 6c aux efperances qui lui 
font prefentees. En un mot, vous favez, 
Monfieur, les fentimens du coeur de la Reine, 
mais vous favez auffi, les engagemeas & 
les mefures que foil honneur Foblige, & 
1'gbligera toujours de garden 

Afin de conferver aupres de vous mon ca* 
radere, & de garder cette ouverture de 
coeur que je vous aie fi fouvent promife, il eft 
necefTaire que je vous fafle favoir que. Di- 
manche au foir j'ai recu par un courier des 
lettres d'Utrecht, qui font en datte du 5me 
d'Oclobre, N.S. Meffieurs les Plenipoten- 
tiaires de la Reine y marquent que cinq de 



ceux des Etats-Generaux avoient etc ce ma- 
tin meme en conference avec eux; qu'ils 
leur. avoient reprefente, dans lamaniereila 
plus pathetique, la reiblution que leurs mai- 
tres out prife, de ie joindre a Ja Reine, dans 
toutes les mefures neceflaires pour parvenir 
a la paix. Qu'ils lear out parle de Tournay 
& de Conde comme des places, dans 1'opi- 
nion unanime de la Republique, effcntieiles 
a la furete de la barriere, & que pour tous 
les autres articles de la paix, ils affecloient 
de montrer une grande facilite, & une par- 
faite foumiilion a la Reine. Vous voyez, 
Monfieur, lepli que la Hollande va prendre; 
vous connoiflez tres bien la conftitution de 
nos affaires domeftiques, car je ne vous ai 
rien deguife quand je vous ai parle la-deffus, 
fongez en grand & en habil Miniftre comme 
vous 1'etes, au parti que vous devez fuivre, 
& foyez afTure que je ne ferai autre ufage 
d'aucune confidence que vous trouverez ^ 
propos de me faire, que celui qui convieut 
a un galant homme, & a votre ferviteur. 

La reponfe que je clonne, par ordre de la 
Reine, aux ouvertures des Miniftres de TEtat, 
eft affez generale. Je m'attends a un re- 
nouvellement de leurs inftances, & comme 

VOL, III. K k 


le Comte de Strafford doit venir a la Corn- 
en peu de jours, pour recevoir FOrdre de la 
Jarretiere, il fera indubitablement charge de 
tout ce que ces Mefiieurs peuvent dire, & 
de toutes les afTurances qu'ils peuvent don- 
ner, pour fe reconcilier entierement a la 
Reine, & pour procurer que leur paix fe 
fafife avec la fienne. J'ai meme quelque 
raifon de croire que ce Miniftre fera auto- 
rife de repondre que pourvu que les Etats 
puifTent garder Tournay, ils ne balanceront 
plus a entrer dans toutes les mefures qu'on 
puiile exiger d'eux. II ne faut pas que je 
m'etende a raifonner fur ces faits, vous 
voyez a un coup d*oeil, beaucoup plus que je 
ne fuis capable de vous fusrerer. II vaut 
mieux que je finifle ma lettre, en vous af- 
furant que je fuis, Moiifieur, votre, &c. 


To the Earl of Strafford. 

Windfor Caftle, September 30, 

ON Sunday night, about eleven o'clock, 

the Cabinet rofe, and I then received the 

favour of your Lordfhip's laft letter, of the 


5th of Oftober, for which, and the good 
news it contained, I return my humble 

Your -Lordfhip alks my opinion, and I 
will tell it you with that freedom which be- 
comes me, when I write to fo good a friend. 
The Queen's fenfe and her prefent orders, 
you will find in my other diipatch. 

I think then, that we are to endeavour 
fo to conduct ourfelves, as not to fuffer the 
French on one hand to aflume a luperiority, 
and to prescribe in the negociation ; and not 
to let the States imagine, on the other, that 
we want their concurrence to make our 
peace, or court them for any reafon but our 
defire to preferve them. Upon this foun- 
dation, I likewife think, that to obtain the 
Queen's entire concurrence with them, and 
hearty endeavours for them, the States muft 
fuit their demands to thofe circumftances 
which their ingratitude to the Queen, and 
their obftinacy have reduced them to. I 
think they muft demand for themfelves only, 
and be content, in conjunction with the 
Queen, to try to get what can be had for 
others ; and I think, when they have done 
this, that the Queen muft not furFer France 
K 2 to 


to keep the whole world in arms, for a town 
the lefs, when they obtain fo many more 
than they once expecled to have. 

I write to Monfieur de Torcy, by the 
Queen's order, to inform him that the States 
fhow an inclination to come in the meaiures 
of peace which, when I was in France, he 
feemed to think very defirable, as what muft 
decide the whole^ that we forefee the cafe 
will happen which I {rated to him, of the 
fubmiffion of the Dutch, and therefore, that 
he muft expecl: to find them fnpported, and 
waited for by the Queen; that whilft the 
Queen is at this diftance from them, and 
whilft they are uncertain how far me may 
lay afide her anger, and condefcend to re- 
ceive them, it is probable they may come 
in at once, and clofe the peace upon the cef- 
' fion of Tournay; but if France continues 
to hold off, and the States continue to court 
the Queen, I write him word that they may 
perhaps a(k, and the Queen be obliged to 
give her fupport to ftill higher terms than 
thofe which would now fuffice. Upon the 
whole matter, I conclude, that we gain time 
on the fide of Holland till we can hear from 
him, and I earneftly conjure him to lay the 



matter ferioufly to heart, and not to run out 
into new confu lions, the end of which nei- 
ther he nor I can forefee, for the fake of a 
town the more. 

I confefs, my Lord, the Dutch do feem to 
take the right pli at laft, but give me leave 
to fay, it is the only tolerable one which is 
left them to take ; for I fear neither their 
throwing themielves into the hands of 
France, nor their adhering to the Emperor's 
chimerical projecl : one is mad, the other 
filly. They can never expect France will 
give them better terms without the Queen, 
than with her, and the propofals which come 
from Vienna, have not fo much as the force 
of probability to invite *. 

I mould go farther on this fubjecl, but 
this and the contents of my other letter, will 
be enough for one poft, and befides, I fup- 
pofe we mall meet in few days, fince you 
will receive a letter from the Treafurer, to 
call you to court, on an errand that cannot 
be more to your Lordfliip's fatisfaction, than 
it is to mine. Give me leave to add, that 

* The propofals of furniflimg an immenfe army to con- 
tinue the war, were very grand upon paper, but the exhauft- 
ed ftate of the Auftrian dominions, with refpeft to men and 
.money, rendered their fulfilment extremely improbable. 

K ., if 


if my Lord Treafurer writes to you to 
come, your Lordfhip fhould not lofe a mo- 
ment of time in your journey, becaufe I look 
on affairs to be battening to their crifis, and 
you may better be fpared this fortnight than 
the next. Adieu, my dear Lord, I am as 
true to you, as your own heart, and for ever 
Your faithful, &c. 

From Mr. Prior. 

BELIEVE how truly I love you, and 
think it my friendship that I tell you. Going 
to Chanille this afternoon, Monfieur de 
Torcy and Madame, and Monfieur Dalin- 
court, Secretary to the Admiralty, in the 
coach ; Monfieur de Torcy read, and gave 
us to read, the Dutch Gazetteer, and upon 
a paflage in one, aiked me, if it were true, 
that at the Secretary's office, paflports were 
fold for fix pounds each * ? You will think 


* By a memorandum relating to fees of Lord Bolingbroke's 
office, it appears that the fees for the Queen's pafs were, 
To the Secretary, - - , $ o o 

Two Undersecretaries, - i o o 

Clerk, - . . 050 

Chamber-keepers, . o a 6 



the confufion I was in, and the manner in 
which 1 turned it, of which I will write 
to you en droiture, not being able in the mean 
time to conceal any thing from you, where 
I think your honour concerned ; make what 
ufe you pleafe of this. Adieu, I am very 
truly, my dear Lord, your's. 

From Mr J Prior. 

T, . f 10 Oftober, \ 
Pans >{ 29 September, j 

I AM glad to find by Dagley, who re- 
turns from Turin, that the Earl of Peter- 
borough was happily within five days' jour- 
ney of that place. I take the opportunity of 
the fame mefTenger's going for England, to 
thank you for your's of the i7th of Septem- 
ber, O.S. which I received by way of Dun- 

The amount of all the fees received in his office, from the 
pift September, 1710, to 30111 September, 1711 : 

By the Secretary, - - ^". 3719 i* 8 

Two Under-fecretaries, - 1166 19 4 

Clerk, - 344 4 o 

Such was the ftate of the office in time of war ; but in the 
time of peace, the poft of Under-fecretary of State, was by 
no means a fituntion of emolument. By a memorandum, 
figned by the two Under-fecretaries, George Tilfon and 
Thomas Hare, dated December, 1713, the net profit to each 
was only 128!. is. per annum. 

K 4 kirk. 


kirk. I tranfmitted the inclofed advice from 
Nevis to Monfieur de Torcy, without much 
exaggeration, the thing ipeaking itfelf, efpe- 
cially fmce you will write to him by the 
courier, whom I every day exped with Drift ; 
this hopeful projedt, as far as 1 hear of it, was 
Pontchartrain's, the mips were fitted by pri- 
vate perfons, who bear the expence, and 
have the advantage of the expedition. It 
was defigned for St. Salvador, againft the 
Portuguefe, or Surinam ; and I know already 
that the anfwer we mall have, will be, that 
they had no direction to annoy us, and that 
this court had no advice of this fad, till 
thus long after its being committed. I mall 
fee Monfieur de Torcy on Wednefday, and 
upon it fhall be able to give you a farther 
account of this matter, of which, I fee they 
are all amamed and ftartled. 

I this moment receive your's of the iqth 
of September, relating to two mips taken 
by the French, though they had Spanim 
pafles. I prefume. Peter Hufch, mentioned 
in the complaint, will apply to me, at leaft, 
I will have him found out, and endeavour to 
get the complainants relieved. I can only 
befeech you again and again, to difpatch 
I Drift, 


Drift, in cafe he be not already gone, for J 
have nobody either to copy, receive, or feal 
up a letter for me, to carry a meflage, or 
receive an aniwer ; and though I have hi- 
therto tranfacled with the miniflers here up- 
on the Levant, my want of powers and or- 
ders grows downright ridiculous. You fee 
that I dare write to you with the greateft li- 
berty ; it is becaufe I am very truly and faith- 
fully, your Lordfhip's, &c. 


Inclofed, I fend your Lordmip a letter 
from the Marquis de Monteleon*, wherein 
he exprefTes his joy for being named to Eng- 
land. He has dormant powers of ambaf- 
iador, which he will take when her Majefty 
lhall think proper. 

* Montelon ran away with the daughter of Huguetan a 
French Proteftant, who from a vender of pamphlets and bre- 
viaries, acquired lo immenie a fonuae, that he fupported for 
fome time the credi.t of Louis XIV. Pontciv.irtrain forced 
him to lign bills of exchange for feveral rni. lions, which 
Huguetan refufing to pay, he was obliged to fly to the Hague. 
There he married the natural daughter of a Prince of NaUau. 
At laft he fettled in Denmark, where he contributed greatly 
to the profperity of the country. He died 1750, aged 1 12, of 
grief for not obtaining the blue ribbon of the Order of the 




Paris, O&ober 10, 1712. 

I THANK you, my dear Lord, for your 
concern as to my health, I think I am much 
better. I told you my diftemper, which go- 
ing off in twelve days, was fucceeded by 
what I fhould not name, a fort of dylentery, 
which, for my comfort, they fay is ufual : ceji 
Tufage, Monfieur is unanswerable, you know, 
in this country ; however, this too goes off, 
or at leaft diminishes, after which remains 
the returning an hundred impertinent vifits, 
the laft remains, I hope,-^?f the diftemper. 

Nil admlrari is your motto ; I would own 
to any man elfe, my aftonifhment in that I 
have not a word of any kind from England, 

God Almighty be thanked that the Queen 
is better. Adieu. My Lord, ever your's, 


I am fare you are not angry with me for 
what 1 writ to you in characters. You can't 
think how people talk of it here ; I deny 
it ftifly as to your part, and will do fp tq 

I write a long letter to Lord Dartmouth, 
of feveral particulars, I writ to him long 



fince, that the two Englifn fhips which were 
to wait upon the Duke of Argyle at Toulon, 
Should be received into that port. I every 
day find the inconvenience of being to cor- 
refpond with two offices, but que faire ? what 
nobody will remedy every body mull: fuffer. 
Pray give no paflports to French refugees, 
for they will be all incarcerated. 

Adieu, my Lord, we muft go through the 
impertinences as well as the ferious follies of 

Service to Brother Hill*; I hope he is re*, 
coverd, for 1 would not have you ajflicled at 
any thing. Adieu, 

From Mr. Prior. 

M. TO H, 

Paris, O&ober 17,1712. 

I AM glad the nomination is aflented to, 
even as I dreft it ; I think it is as ftrong as 
you wilh. But I had thefe additions made by- 
Henchman lent me, with a promife that the 
next poft they mould come authentically, in, 

* Members of the club falutecj each other with the appella- 
tion of Brother. 

C Latin, 


.Latin, with the renunciation. But three 
couriers intervened, and they never came. 
But without jour laft letter, I mould not 
have had grounds to have founded a me- 
morial. But in a thing that prefles thus, 
and for which the peace flays, I have no 
order to fend this agreement away imme- 
diately to Lord Lexington, though 1 have 
taken upon me fo to do. But if it had not 
been for your letter, I mould not have heard 
that the French had ever been at Montfer- 
rat, except from the Dutch Gazettes. But 
we have been generoufly promifed twelve 
paflfports for Spanifh mips this month, which, 
when I tell Moniieur de Torcy, will, with- 
out fail, come by Gilligan, I am anfwered 
that the mips are already gone without the 
paiTports. But I have more to write than I 
can poffibly perform, and dare not employ 
one hand in France ; and can get neither 
Drift or any other clerk from England. But 
I have not one word kept or entered of any 
thing I do write, or mould write. But I am 
forced to make Monfieur Pecquet* come to 
me ; for example, twice this day, while 

* By a letter from this gentleman to Mr. Hare, he appears to 
*uve been private Secretary to Torcy. 

M onfieur 


Monfieur de Torcy flays for him : add to 
this, the honeft ftupidity of my Englifh Jo- 
nathan, in France, and the complaifance of 
two French dogs, and one Walloon, in new 
liveries, that call every body Marquis, and 
furnifh me with a levee of fpies, projectors, 
and beggars ; that bring Jacobites in to me 
before I wake in the morning, and put tall 
Jrimmen to bed to me. Parlons d'autres 

The renunciation being- now as we de- 


fire, I fnppofe we are to come as fbon as we 
can to our peace. How far, therefore, are 
we agreed at Utrecht ? Are the articles in 
which we think we are agreed, fpecified and 
worded as plainly and diftinctly as we deiire ? 
for you know as our circumftances ftand, the 
fuller this is done, it is the better ; for ex- . 
ample, the firft article of pax genera/is, &c. ; 
the fecond of hoftilities ceafes; the 3d or 4th, 
or fometimes 5th, of fecuring mutually the 
property of the fubjecfc may be more fully 
expreffed, and have fometimes fo been that 
in the treaty of Ryfwick*, which followed 
jejunely that of Breda ; and you know tauto- 
logy is no ill figure to the many. If any article 

* Prior was there Secretary to the Embafly. 



remains yet not fupervifed and agreed, as 
that particularly of the droit <T Aubaine taken 
off, mould not fuch articles be all ready 
drawn up, in order to their being confented 
to? And even that article which will fpe- 
cially refer to the renunciation to be made, 
which will be the bafis of the treaty ? 

The article which will fay France mall 
never affirr, the Queen's enemies, &c. mould 
ftay in the very words as mentioned in the 
4th of Ryfwick ; it looks at leaft more au- 
thentic, ftanding thus confirmed in two trea- 
ties, and I believe cannot be ftronger ; there 
are other reafons too for it. I wifh, there- 
fore, that a copy of the treaty were fent hi- 
ther, as it is defigned, with an account of 
every article, as agreed, or to which any 
thing is to be added. 

As likewife of a treaty of commerce, 
what already agreed, what afked, what to be 
adjufted, and by whom. In this cafe, my 
dear matter, we mould have our work be- 
fore us. 

As to the treaty itfelf, fmce the figning it 
'is to be a fort of a fecret, what harm if it 
be figned at London ? is it not as honour- 
able to the Queen, that d'Aumont comes 



to her Court to iign a peace, as Mefnager 
did to own her authority ; and as you figned 
a ceffation at Paris, is it not as handfome 
that you confirm it by figning a peace at 
Whitehall ? this, I fay, I have been hammer- 
ing, and will hint or prevent as you fhall 
think proper. I need not proteft that it is 
with true friendship that I mall in this or 
any thing endeavour what may be for your 
honour and fatisfaclion. Your moft truly, 


Confult my Lord Treafurer upon the con- 
tents of my letter, and let me found myfelf 
upon your anfwer. Madame de Torcy is 
glad that you are fo good ; la Feriole thanks 
you, but nobody mutt ever do one fingle 
kindnefs for a woman, and you muft back 
your recommendation, and I muft write, and 
this brother (not worth hanging, I fancy, 
after all) muft be eftablimed in his abbaye 
de rAbondance. The Duke of Argyle is ar- 
rived this evening at Paris ; I have ordered 
every thing for his reception, but fince I 
muft difpatch the courier to-night, and have 
an audience to-morrow morning, I cannot 
fee him till towards noon. 



From Mr. Prior. 

Versailles, 6-iyth Oclober, 1712. 

I AM to thank yon, my Lord, for your 
letter of the 26th September -, the fenfe I 
have of your friendship, I will demonflrate 
in the adions of my life ; the regard I have 
to your reafonings the memoir e* inclofed 


* Memoir de Moujieur Prior, prefente a Monjimr de Tcrcy^ 

QSobre 3-14^2^, 1712. 

" Selon ce que j'ai eu en charge de Ja part du Comte de Dart- 
mouth, dans fa lettre du ime du dernier mois,,j'ai eu 1'hon- 
neur de vous reprtfenter, qu'ayant examine les rermes de 
1'Acle de Renonciation on avoit trouve convenable d'y ajouter 
les explications ci-jointes (i). Comme au ineme- terns il vous 
a plu d'agreer que ces additions fuflent inferees dans l'ate, & 
que vous avez fait objection feulement a ceile qui fuit. ' Apres 

* le mot palTe & tranfmis, on doit inferer les noms des per- 
' fonnes fur lefquels le droit de fucceffion feroit declare d'ap- 

* partenir en vertu de la renonciation.' 

*' Suivant votre intention & mon devoir, j'ai envoye eh 
Angleterre votre confentement aux autres additions, & votre 
objeftion a celle-ci, devant rapportee, comme aufli la lettre que 
vous avez ecrite au Vicomte de Bolingbroke fur ce fujet. 

" Le tout ayant etc miirement examine par la Reine en fon 
Confeil, fa Majefte m'a commande par le Comte de Dart- 
mouth, de vous commuuiquer fes fentimeus et fa resolution la- 

** Que quant a 1'objeftion, que Philippe etant Prince etran- 
ger, prendroit fur lui^par cette nomination de regler en quelque 
ta^on la fucceffion a la Couronne de France, la reponfe eft 
evidente, que Philippe, en egard a cet afte, ne peut ni ne doit 
e"tre cenfe Prince etranger, & n'y paroit point en cette qualite, 
mais, bien au contraire, en ceile d'un Prince du fang de 

(i) Je ne les envoie point, dies out te tcutes agrees excepte !a 



will {how you -, upon which we have gain- 
ed our point : and I think the nomina- 

France, & fi proche en ligne a la fucceffion de cette couronne, 
qu'en cette consideration feulement, il a etc deja convenu 
qn'il n'etoit pas pofiible d'allurerune paix durable a 1'Europe, 
fi Philippe ne faifoit une renonciation, tant pour lui que pour 
fes defcendans a la Couronne de France, fans entendre y faire 
aucune n'ferve de fes droits & pretenfions, de quelque maniere 
que ce puifleetre; cela ctant, on trouve abfolument necef- 
fairc de nommer dans Pordre legitime a la fucceffion de la 
Couronne de France, en vertu de la renonciation ; car 1'afte 
paroitroit tres imparfait qui diroit ncgativement que Philippe 
& fes dtfcendans renoncent a la Couronne de France, fi les 
Princes qui y font appelles en vertu du meme acle n'y etoient 
pas pofitivement nommt-s : & tant s'en faut que Philippe foit 
regarde a prefent comme Prince Stranger, qu'il ne peut etre 
repute pour tel par la Reine qu'apres 1'entier accompliflement 
du dit ade; Dans 1'afte meme, il eft declare, en termes gene- 
raux, que Philippe cfr.le fon droit a toutes les branches de la 
fa mi lie royale de France, meme au Princes les plus eloignes ; 51 
ne peut etre cenfe" par-la de leurs donner un nouveau droit, ni 
cie difpofer de la Couronne de France en faveur d'aucun 
d'eux. Ainli en nommant les Princes les plus proches, & 
qui doivent fucceder plus irnmediatement a cette couronne, 
il ne pent etre cenfe de leur attribuer un autre droit que celui 
qui leur advient dans I'ordre du fang, par le moyen de la re- 
nonciation ; & bien loin de nommer de- nouveau des fuccef- 
feurs a la Couronne de France il ne fait que repeter ceux qui 
y font dt'jii apptlles plus fpecialement, quand il renonce pour 
lui-meme & pour toute fa pofteflte, a la Couronne de France, 
il confente qu'on regarde ce droit comme pafle & tranfmis a 
Cfhii qui fe pourra trouver plus proche en degre, immediaie- 
nient npres le Roi, le prefent Dauphin, leurs defcendans, & 
{.ar tonicquant, le cas arrivant, ce droit tombe direftement, fur 
Monfeigntur le Due de Berry, & fes deicendans a jamais, & 
iautc d'eux, fur Monfieur le Due d'Orleans & fes defcendans 
:i j n:ais ; on ne voit point de ditiiculte a enoncer leurs noms, 
puifquele fens de I'afte renterme rneme leur nomination. 

" On r.joute que dans 1'afte authentique de la convention 
pour la fufpenfion 3'armes en Fiandre, cette devolution des 
droits de Monfeigneur le Due dc Berry & de Monfieur le Due 
d'Orleans, & leurs defcendans, a etc d'cja paniculiereinent fpc- 
cifiee & enoncee. 

Vol.. JI. < Les 


tion* of the perfons, &c. is done in a man- 
ner unexceptionable : fo, once more, I thank 
you for fenfe, argument, light, and affiftance, 
which you gave me, and which I beg you 
to continue to me. 

I made, I hope, a right uie of what you 
hinted to me in your former letter; and 

" La Reine a donnc fes ordres au Lord Lexington, avant fon 
depart d'Angleterre, en conformite dn memoire que j'ai 1'hon- 
neurde vous prefenter, & comme la France s'eft dejii engagc'e 
que la renonciationfera faite de la manitre que faMajefte trou- 
voit la plus fatisfaftoire, elle fe perfuade que le Roi ne tardera 
point a donner, conjointement avec elle, la main pour applanir 
cette difficulte, & pour oter tons moyens aux ennemis de la paix 
de pretexter qu'il y ait quelque omiffion dans la forme d'un 
afte fur 1'explication duquel depend 1'amitie & la bonne corre- 
fpondanee entre les royaumes de la (X'ande Bretagne, de la 
France, & de 1'Efpagne, & la furete future de toute la Chre- 

" A Verfailles, le 1501 Oftobre, 1712." 

* " La Nomination des Princes du Sang, CfV. 

*' Je veux & eonfens pour moi & mes dits defcendans, que 
dts a prefent comme alors, on regard ce droit comme pafle & 
tranfmis a mon frcre le Due de Berry, & a. fes enfans & defcen- 
dans males ns en legitime mariage : a. leur defaut, a mon 
nncle le Due d'Orleans, & a fes enfans & defcendans males, 
nes en legitime mariage : a leur defaut, a mon coufin le Due 
jde Bourbon, & a fes enfans & defcendans males nes en legi- 
time mariage. Ainfi fucceflivement a tous les Princes du Sang 
de France, leurs enfans & defcendans males, a jamais,fuivant le 
rang & 1'ordre ou ils feront appellcs a la couronne par le droit de 
leur naiflance ; par confcquent a ceiui des dits Princes (moi 
etant, ainfi que mes dits defcendans, exclus, devenus inhabiles, 
& incapablesj qui fe pourra trouver plus proche en degre im- 
mcdiatememapasje Roi, par la mort duquel la dite Couronne 

2 France viendroit a vaquer, & a qui en devra appartenirla 
fucceffion, en quelque terns en quelque cas que ce puifle etre, 
pour qu'il 1'ait, & la pofscde comme fuecefleur legitime & ve~- 
stable, de meme que fi moi fc mes defcendans ne fuffions 
point nes." 



though the fubjecl (of CafTart's invading our 
ifland) made me chagrin enough, I pre- 
tended to be more fo than I really was ; I 
mowed and expounded your letter, faid I 
dreaded the confequences this mufi have in 
England, and the orders I fhould have from 
my Lord Treasurer, and which, upon Thorn- 
borough's arrival, I faid I had received both 
from Lord Treafurer and yourfelf. I found 
all our friends very uneaiy at this accident, 
and heard CaiFart and Pontchartrain curfed 
very heartily ; and, as I faw opportunity, I 
propofed to Monfieur de Torcy to confider 
the nature and danger of this outrage at 
this time, and to find fomething on his Moil 
ChrifKan Majefty's fide, that might fet us 
right, for that his (Torcy's) friends in Eng- 
land fuffered as actually on this occafion as 
the merchants that were invaded and rob- 
bed. This I write to you as a comment 
upon what he writes to you, and that you 
may not be fiirprifed at a propofal which I 
don't know if you expeclcd : I write like- 
wife to Lord Treafurer. I own I have 
ftretched a little in reprefenting what I 
have received from you and Lord Treafurer 
on this fubjecl, but I hope I have done fer- 
L 2 vice 


vice to my Queen and country, and acted as 
became your moft, &c. 


Animal peregrine tr.ff.<.m 
ad mentiendum R. P. cuufd. 

We have not yet Monfieur Pontchar- 
train's anfwer ; I believe it muft wait till 
next courier. 

Prom the Duke of Ormond. 

Ghent, 2ift of Odober, 1712. 
I TAKE the opportunity of an exprefs, 
which brought me Ibme letters this morn- 
ing from Oftend, and is returning thither, 
to acquaint your Lordfhip with an affair 
which has been communicated to me by a 
perfon who is very well inclined to her Ma- 
jefty's fervice : your Lordfhip will but judge 
of the importance of it, and the ufe that is 
to be made of it, when I tell you that the 
fuccefs of the enterprife upon Knoque has 
encouraged the forming of a project for 
furprifmg Nieuport or Furnes; and that the 
fortifying Dixmnde is made ufe of as a pre- 
tence for drawing together a body of troops 



fufficient to put the defign in execution. If 
it be thought mod for her Majefty's fer- 
vice to prevent it, I am humbly of opinion 
fome means mould be found to give advice 
of it to the Marefchal de Villars, who may 
pofftbly think we owe him that good office 
in requital of fome informations your Lord- 
fhip knows he has given me, with a defign 
to ferve her Majefty and the nation. I am 
not yet at liberty to acquaint your Lordfhip 
with the name of my author, who defires 
the whole matter may be managed with the 
greaterl fecrecy, which is a caution I know I 
need only mention to your Lordfhip. I hear 
nothing new to-day from Bouchain ; but am 
allured the troops of both armies, which are 
to quarter in parts moft remote from thefe 
countries, are already on their march, and 
that Prince Eugene will be the 24th at 
Bruflels. I am, my Lord, 

Your Lordfhip's moft obedient, 

Humble fervant, 



To the Lord Privy Seal. 

Whitehall, October i4th, 1712, 
MY other letter contains nothing, and 
very little will be contained in this. 

It is now fo'me time fmce I had reafon to 
believe that Mr. JefFerys* did not (peak of 
the Queen's affairs, and of the character of 
her fervants, either with juftice, or, indeed, 
with decency. I have fince had very au- 
thentic information of his difcourfes con- 
cerning the treaty of peace, and her Ma- 
jefty's conduct in the prefent juncture of 
affairs. I own to your Lordmip, that no- 
thing hindered me from complaining of this 
gentleman to ithe Queen, but the confidera- 
tion that he is honoured with your patron- 
age. I hope he will learn to deferve your 
favour better ; perhaps fome hint from your 
Lordihip might teach him to govern him- 
felf with more difcretion. 

I find fo many falfe accounts, as of every 
thing elfe, fo particularly of the Queen's 
health, in the foreign papers, that I think it 

* Jefferys fucceeded Dr. RobinfoH as Refident at the Court 
of Sweden. 



proper to let your Lordfhip know, that her 
Majefty has had in her arm a regular fit of 
the gout, to the joy of her phyiicians, and 
that me enjoys extreme good health, as mul- 
titudes can witneis, for there was a very full 
court on Sunday laft at Windfor; though 
the Dutch Gazetteers are taught by their 
Whig correfpondents to fay, that few people 
have accefs to her. I am, my Lord, 

With all poffible refpeft, &c. 

A Monfieur k "Due de Noa/tief. 
De Whitehall, ce lime Septembre, 1712, V.S. 

VOUS ne pouvez jamais, Monfienr, me 
faire un plus grand plaiiir, qu'en me four- 
niflant les occaiions de rendre fervice a ceux 
qui font aflez heureux pour jouir de votre 
protection, & je tacherai de me conduire 
d'une maniere a vous convaincre que je 
n'oublierai jamais les faveurs dont vous 
m'avez comble. 

Confervez moi, Monfieur, cette amitie 
que vous m'avez promiie, & foyez affaire, 
que da nstoutes les circonftances de la vie, je 
ne ceiferai jamais d'etre plus parfaitement 
que perionne, Monfieur, votre, &c. 

L 4 T* 


AMcnfieur k Due d' Aumont. 

De Whitehall, ce lime Novembre, 1712, V.S. 
LES nouvelles qui viennent d'arriverd'Ef- 
pagne hateront ]a conclufion du grand ouv- 
rage de la paix ; c'efl la reflexion d'un Mi- 
niftre : elles obligeront le Due d'Aumont dc 
fe rendre bientot ici ; c'eft la reflexion d'un 
ami :' vous m'avez, Monfieur, permis de por- 
ter ce beau litre, & je ne veux jamais le 
quitter. L'Abbe Gaultier me dit que vous 
attendez des pafleports d'Hollande pour en- 
voyer vos equipages, II me femble que ces 
pafleports ne font pas fort necefTaires, puif- 
qu'il ne tieiit qu'a vous d'avoir une fregate 
ou deux pour les efcorter. II y a meme 
long- terns que j'ai offer t a votre intendant 
de lui donner les ordres de la Reine, pour 
deux vaifleaux de ceux qui font prefentc- 
ment aux Dunes. On a perdu 1'occafion de 
yous faire avoir la maiibn du Comte de Lei- 
cefter, dont je fuis extremement fache, parce 
qu'il fera tres difficile de tronver une autre 
qui vous convient. Je ne manquerai pour- 
taut pas d'y contribuer tout ce qui depend 
de moi. 

Le Due d'Hamilton cut ordre'Dimanche 



pafle, de prefFer Ton depart, & je crois qu'il 
commcncera fon voyage en dix ou douze 

Moniieur Prior retournera cette femaine 
en France. II lera charge de vous renou- 
veller les aflu ranees de cet attachement tres 
parfait avec lequel j'ai Thonneur d'etre, 
Monfieur, votre, &c. 

A Madame de Feriele *. 

De Whitehall, ce 1 1 me Novembre, V.S. 1712. 
SON Alteffe Royale a eu la bonte de pro- 
mettre, que d'abord qu'il fera rentre dans 
la pqflcffion de la Savoye, il confirmera a 
Moniieur 1'Abbe de Tencin -f-, le don que 
le Roi lui a fait de 1'abbaye d'Abondance J. 

* Monfieur de Feriole was Ambafiador to Conflantinople, 
and there infifted upon wearing hi fword in the prefence of 
the Grand Si^nior, which the Turks would not permit, and 
Feriole rrfnied to attend the Court. Lord Stair calls Madame 
de Feriole by her m.iiden name, Tencin, and fays, that Bo- 
linghroke had an amoar with her ; but his authority, being the 
crafty Genevois Saladin, is queftionable. The Editor has been 
induced to omit many pnftages in the letters to and from 
Prior, wliich are eitliei unimportant or of a private nature, 
but in no one is there to be found any evidence of fuch an 

f Pierre de Guerin de Tencin : in 1724, he was confe- 
crated Archbifliop of Rmbiuu, he was foon afterwards made 
Cardinal, and in 1739, was talked of to iucceed Cardinal Ue 

t This abbey is in the diocefe of Geneva, and in the nomi- 
nation of the King of Sardinia. 


Je vous felicite, Madame, de cette bonne 
nouvelle, & fi le fucces que j'ai eu en exe- 
cutant vos premiers ordres, me procure Thon- 
neur d'en recevoir d'autres, je fuis afTez. 

Monfieur Prior part cette femaine pour fe 
rendre a Paris ; je lu: a propofe Techange 
de nos emplois, mais il s'eft montre trop 
fage pour vouloir m'ecouter. Tout ce que 
j'ai pu obtenir de lui, a ete qu'il vous affu- 
reroit de la parfaite eftime avec laquelle 
Je fuis, Madame, votre, &c. 

De Monfieur de *lorcy. 

A Verfailles, ce lyme Odlcbre, 1712. 

LA lettre que vous m'avez fait Thonneur 
de m'ecrire, & que j'ai re9u par Monfieur 
Prior, me donne 1'efperance d'en v recevoir 
bientot une autre, qui contiendra les in- 
tentions de la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, 
fur tous les articles de ma lettre du 27016 du 
mois dernier. 

C'eil: un grand plaifir pour moi, Monfieur, 

de recevoir fouvent vos ordres, & en meme- 

tems des affurances de 1'honneur de Votre 

S ami tie. 


amitie, dont je denre la continuation beau- 
coup au-dela de ce que je puis vous ex* 

Nous avons eu quelque conteftation, Mon- 
fleur Prior & moi, fur remuneration que 
vos avocats veulent faire, de tous les Princes 
du iang ; je crois cependant que vous trou- 
verez que j'ai raifbn, lorfque vous iirez le, 
projet que je lui ai propofe, & dont je joins la 
copie a cette lettre. 11 me femble qu'il 
dcnne a 1'acle de renonciation toute la force 
que vous voulez, &: qu'on evite de faire une 
longue lifte qui ne ferviroittju'a obfcurcir 
inutiiement un acle qu'il eft neceflaire de 
rendre tres clair & tres intelligible. 

Les armes que vous me donnerez feront 
toujours bonnes, il n'eft queflion que de s'en 
bien fervir, & fouvent je iouhaiterois qu'elles 
fulTent en de meilleures mains, voyant Tim- 
portance de raffaire dont il eft queftion ; je 
crois cependant qu'il y a lieu d'eiperer plus 
quejamais, qu'avec votre fecours, elle fera 
conduite heureufement a^u port. 

II paroit que les Hollandois commencent a 
fe radoucir, & Meifieurs vos Plenipoten- 
tiaires out declare a ceux du Roi, que les 
Etats-Generaux confentirent prefentement a 




traiter, fur le fondement que Lille feroit 
reftituee a fa Majefte. Voila un premier pas ; 
il en fait encore quelques autres ; mais les 
premieres demarches content toujours le plus 
a faire. 

II eft tres neceflaire, Monfieur, que la 
Reine fafle prefler Monfieur le Due de Sa- 
voye de finir ; il s'arrete a des bagatelles, & 
pendant qu'il difpute pour obtenir quelques 
fommets des Alpes, & quelques villages qu'il 
tt'aura pas, il s'expofe a perdre le royaume 
de Sicile ; car il y a beaucoup d'agitations 
dans cette ifle, & les habitans, naturelle- 
raent inquiets, difent, a/fez hautement, qu'il 
vaut mieux fe choifir tin maitre, & fe don- 
ner a la maifon d'Autriche, que de fouffrir 
qu'on difpofe d'eux comme un troupeau de 
moutons. Si la paix etoit faite, fuivant le 
plan, il feroit aife de mettre immediate merit 
apies, Monfieur le Due de Savoye en pofTef- 
fion de la Sicile, il iauroit bien enfuite coii- 
tenir fes nouveaux fujets dans le devoir. 

Les Plenipotentiaires de Portugal difent 
beaucoup de pauvretes a Utrecht; il fe- 
roit de la charite de la Reine pour les For. 
tugais, d'obliger le Roi leur maitre, a de- 
-roander au plutot la fufpenfion d'armes. Les 
4 E.fpagno]s 


Efpagnols affiegent prefentement Campo 
Mayor, qui vraiiemblablement ne fera pas 
une longue refinance, fi elle eft bien at- 
taquee. Les Portugais ont de leur cote leve 
precipitemment le fiege d'un chateau nom- 
me Garavajal, qu'ils commengoient d'at- 

J'tcris une longue lettre a Monfieur le 
grand Treforier au fujet de Pavanture def- 
agreable arrivee en Amerique. Le Roi 
1'a regardee comme un contretems tres fa- 
cheux, mais de ceux qu'on ne pent prevoir, 
& qui pouvoit arriver de votre part de meme 
que de celle de la France, fans qu'il y cut 
lieu de s'en plaindre. Toutefois fa Majefte 
propofe des expediens pour reparer le dorn- 
mage, quoiqu'en bonne juftice, elle n'y (bit 
pas obligee : mais elle veut vous donner 
moyen d'impoler fiience aux infldelles. 

Je ne doute pas que 1'Abbe Gaultier ne 
vous ait rendu compte des propofitions que 
je lui ai mande de faire pour avancer la fig- 
nature de la paix ; ainii je ne les repeterai 
point, & s'il y a quelqu'une qui foit du gout 
de la Reine, j'attendrai vos ordres. 

Je vous fupplie cependant, de croire qu'oii 
4 ne 


ne pent etre avec plus de verite, & plus d'at- 
tachement, que je fuis, votre, &c. 


Le Roi d'Efpagne a differe jufqu'au 2ome 
de ce mois 1'ouverture des Etats, ainii Mon- 
fieur le Comte de Lexington aura le terns 
de fe rendre a Madrid avant le commence- 
ment de r 

l)e Monjieur de Torcy. 

A Verfailles, le 2 ime Octobre, 1712. 

VOUS alarmez fouvent, Monfieur, nos 
Plenipotentiaires, et quoi qu'on puiffe faire, 
pour les raflurer, 1'inquietude fe renouvelle 
auffitot que vos miniftres a Utrecht fern- 
blent appuyer les pretentious des Hollan- 

Vous m'avez donne des armes pour me 
defendre contre des pareilles terreurs, & 
j'ai re9u encore votre derniere lettre, iorfque 
j'airendu compteau Roi du voyage de Mon- 
fieur le Comte de Stratford, a Londres, & 
des difcours qu'il avoit tenus a Utrecht & 
4 la Haye, avant fon depart. 

Je fuis done fortine contre les nouveaux 



aflauts des infidelles, & je ne crains pas quo 
la Reine de la Grande Bretagne preife le 
Roi comme on efpere en Hollande, de fe de- 
fifter de la reftitution de Tournav ; mais je 
vous fais corhpliment, Mouiieur, d'avoir enfiu 
reduit les Hollandois au point qne la paix 
generale depende aujourd'hui de fa Majefte 
Britannique, car il eft certain que Meilieurs 
les Etats-Generaux, deja d'accord de ceder 
Lille, confentiront encore plus aifement 
a rellituer Tournay, neceiTaire pour la bar- 
nere de France, lorfque la Reine voudra- 
bien leur declarer qu'ils font trop heureux 
que le Roi fe contente de cctte place, & 
que ce foit la feule condition que fa Majelte 
demande pour le prix des fucces d'une cam- 
pagne qu'ils pouvoient eviter en different a 
vos exhortations, & a votre exemple. 

Ainfi la conclufion de ce grand ouvrage 
eft entre les mains de fa Majefte Britanniqr.e. 
Ses ordres a Monfieitr le Comte de Straf- 
ford acheveront de ramener les Hbllaiidois 
a la raifon, & je fuis perfuade, Monfienr, 
que vous ne perdrez point de terns a le ren- 
voyer en Hollande inftruit de ce qu'il doit 
dire pour obiiger cette Rcpublique a ceder 
fur 1'article de Tournay. Elle n'eft pas en 



etat dc le contefter plus long- terns, & vous 
favez mieux que perfonne qu'elle feroit fort 
embarraffee s'il faloit encore faire une nou- 
velle campagne. 

Terminez done les affairs, puifqu'elles font 

au , point de leur maturite, & fauvez a la 

Reine la peine de faire des inftances inutiles 

quand elle fait les intentions du Roi, & le de- 

plailir qu'elle auroit de refufer fes demandes. 

En verite, Monfieur, la Sicile, accordee 

de bonne grace a vos inftances, merite bien 

que vous ne faffiez de.pas au fujet de Tournay 

qu'envers nos ennemis, & que vous les ob- 

ligez par vos reponfes a conclure une paix, 

dont leurs provinces out un preffant befoin. 

Que la Reine ordonne a Moniieur le Comte 

de StrafFord de parler decifivement a foil 

retour a la Haye, & je vous reponds du 

fucces. II vaut mieux obliger des ennemis 

comme nous etions autrefois, que des amis 

tels que font les Hollandois prefentement. 

Mais vous croirez peut-etre, Monfieur, 
que je me lailfe auffi gagner par 1'inquie- 
tude des infidelles ; je vous affure que j'en 
fuis bien eloigne, & que perfonne n'a plus 
de conhance que moi en vos paroles. 
Moniieur le Due d'Argyle vint ici avant 



bier, & il cut I'honneur de voir le Roi hier 
au matin. II a paru fort content des dif- 
potitions ou il a trouve fa Majefle, & je 
ne doute pas qu'il n'en rende im compte 
exacl a la Reine. II convient qu'il fera de 
1'interet commun de detourner autaot qu'ii 
fera poffible les iujets de fa Majefte Britan- 
nique de porter des blcds a Barcelonne, tant 
que les Allemands demeureront en Cata- 
logue. Je vous iupplie, &c. 


Le Roi iait certainement, Monfieur, que 
les Hollandois out refolu de ceder Tour- 
nay, & qu'ils veulent feulement faire une 
tentative qu'ils croient eux-memes inutile. 

A Monfieur de Torcy. 


A Verfailles, le 26me Octobre, 1712- 

VOUS aurez vu, par la lettre que j'ai eu 

I'honneur de vous ecrire le 2 ime de ce mois, 

que le Roi etoit informe du voyage que Mok- 

fieur le Comtc de StrafFord faitoit a Londres, 

& de la commiilion principale dont il etoit 

VOL. III. M charge 


charge aupres de la Reinc, de la part des 

Je n'aurois aujourd'hui qu'a vous repeter 
ce que je vous marquai par la meme lettre 
au fujet de Tournay, fi Monfieur Prior ne 
m'avoit parle tres vivement fur cet article, 
& s'il n'avoit employe les railbns les plus 
preflantes pour engager le Roi a s'en defifter, 
dans la vue de procurer plus promptement 
la paixc Je vous avoue, Monfieur, que je 
n'ai pas ete de fon opinion, je lui ai meme 
fait voir que la Reine ne penfoit pas com- 
me lui, parce que fa Majefle Britannique 
approuvoit la declaration que Meffieurs de 
France ont faite a ceux de la Grande Bre- 
tagne, & qui ne laifTe aucune incertitude 
fur les intentions du Roi a regard de Tour- 
nay. Je ne fais fi je 1'ai perfuade, mais je 
puis vous affurer, que fes argumens m'ont 
ete d'autant moins convainquans, que dans 
tout ce qu'il m'a dit je n'ai vu nulle affurance 
d'une paix certaine, quand meme le Roi 
voudroit facrifier encore au bien generale 
de 1'Europe, line place auili coniiderable que 
Tournay, & auffi neceflaire pour la furete 
de fa frontiere. 

J'ai relu plufieurs fois, Monfieur, votre 



dernicre lettre, avec beaucoup d'attention ; 
ce que j'y trouve de plus fort, eft que les 
Hollandois out pris la refblution de fe joindre 
a la Reine dans toutes les mefures necef- 
faires pour parvenir a la paix ; qu'hors 1'ar- 
ticle de Tournay, ils affeclent une grande 
facilite fur toutes les autres conditions, & 
une parfaite foumiffion aux intentions de fa 
Majefte de la Grande Bretagne ; mais je ne 
vois pas, Monfieur, qu'ils defiftent des autres 
points contenus dans le dernier memoire 
qu'ils ont remis a Meffieurs vos Plenipoten- 
tiaires ; il ne paroit pas qu'ils s'expliquent 
clairement fur la barriere, & quant au com- 
merce, ils infiftent encore fur les quatre 
efpeces que le Roi veut excepter du Tarif de 
1664. l\s condiment de parler de la bar- 
riere du cote de 1'Empire, d'une maniere 
que fa Majefte ne peut jamais admettre ; 
enfin 1'exclufion qu'ils donnent a 1'Elecleur 
de Baviere oteroit a fa Majefte tous ks 
rnoyens de fatisfaire en rien aux engage- 
mens qu'elle a pris avec ce Prince. 

On ne peut done 'regarder 1'article de 

Tournay comme le feul point qui arrete 

encore la paix, ainfi que je le croyois lorfque 

j'cus rhonneur de vous ecrire il y.a pen de 

M 2 jours, 


jours, & fuivant ce que Monfieur Prior m'a 
dit hier. 

A la ve*rite", Monfieur, fi toutes ces diffi- 
cultes etoient levees, s'il etcit poffible d'af- 
furer a Monfieur FElecleur de Baviere un 
dedommagement conforme au plan que je 
vous ai envoy e, ou tout au moins de lui 
donner -avec la Sardaigne, ce qu'il poflede 
prefentement dans les Pays-Bas, je vous 
avoue que la certitude d'une paix tres pro- 
chane, ou la Hollande entreroit de concert 
avec la Grande Bretagne, 1'honneur & I'm-, 
teret de la Reine, & permettez-moi d'y ajou- 
ter, celut de fes Miniftres, feroient de puif- 
fantes raiibns pour determiner le Roi de faire 
un pas que fa Majefte avoit bieji reiblu de 
ne jamais faire ; vous favez meme qu'elle 
avoit lieu de croire que la Reine ne lui feroit 
aucune inilance fur cet article. 

C'eft done a fa Majefte Britannique a ju* 
ger fi elle peut donner & maintenir de pa^ 
reilles affurances ; en ce cas, Tournay n'ar- 
retera pas un bien auffi grand que celui de 
la paix. Mais s'il faut encore eifuyer de 
nouvelles difficultes de la part de la Hol- 
lande, du Due de Savoye, ou des autres 
Princes que la Jleme jugcra neceflaire de 
3 faire 


faire entrer dans le traite, ou bien s'il fait 
abandonner un allie tel que 1'Elecleur de 
Baviere, le Roi ne pretend point s'engagcr 
a fe defifter d'une demande auffi jufte que 
celle de la reftitution de Tournay. 

Enfin, Monfieur, il faut que cette cefiion 
fbit le denouement de la guerre, & le gage 
d'une paix certaine entre la France, la 
Grande Bretagne, & la Hollande, & ceux 
des allies que vous pouvez y faire entrer. Si 
cela n'eft pas, le Roi demande Texecution 
du projet dont fa Majefte eft convenue avec 
la Reine, c'eft a dire, de faire une paix par- 
ticuliere immediatement apres^que les re- 
nonciations concertees auront ete enregi- 

Voila tout ce que le Roi peut faire, & je 
fuis perfuade que vous trouverez que c'eft 
beaucoup, apres tout ce que j'ai eu Thon- 
neur de vous dire & de vous ecrire, & de 
plus fa Majefte etant inftruite de i'etat & 
des refolutions de la Hollande. 

Je vous fupplie de croire qu'on ne peut 
etre plus parfaitement que je fuis, 
Monfieur, votre, &c. 


M 3 De 


De Aonfieur de *Iorcy*. 

A Verfailles, le 26me d'Oaobre, 1712. 

QUOIQUE Matthieu foit 1'homme du 
monde le plus infupportable, je crois, my 
Lord, qu'il a encore afTez de probite pour 
travailler de bonne foi, & tout de ion mieux 
a finir notre ouvrage ; nous fommes done 
convenus qu'il partiroit pour aller vous trou- 
ver, & pour vous affurer, mieux que je ne 
puis faire moi-meme, du deiir fmcere & 
veritable qu'on a ici de conclure & avec 
vous & avec des allies a qui vous donnez 
une protection, qu'ils n'ont gueres meritee 5 
mais c'eft vous que Ton confidere, & Fetat 
de vos affaires. 

FinifTez done, my Lord, comme il depend 
de vous de le faire, & renvoyez au plutot 
Matthieu, afin^que j'aie le plaiiir de le faire 
pendre, comme il s'y eft engage, fi la paix 
n'eft pas conclue moyennant la ceffion de 

S'il eft de bonne foi, il vous dira ce que je 
foufFre en mon particulier de ce change- 
ment ; les infidelles triomphent & je re9ois 
des reproches que d'autres fervices n'efFace- 

* This is evidently a private letter. 



ront jamais. Mais je fouffre pour vous, & 
ii la paix fe fait comme j'efpere, je ferai con- 
teit quand meme Matthieu ne feroit pas 
pendu. Je fuis, &c. 


Je vous prie, Monfieur, de faire atten- 
tion aux deux memoires qu'il vous remettra, 
dont vous connoifTez parfaitement I'impor- 

De Monjieur de 

EN FIN, my Lord, le point capital de 
la renonciation du Roi cTEfpagne vient d'etre 
conlbmme a Madrid, & je ne puis mieux 
vous informer de ce qui s'eft palFe en cette 
occafion, qu'en vous cnvoyant la copie de la 
lettre que Moniieur d& Bonac * a ecrite au 
Roi en fortant des Cortes, ou la fondlion s'efl 
faite. Je ne doute pas que Monfieur le 
Comte de Lexington, qui en a ete temoin, 
ii'en rende compte a la Reine. 

L'enregitrement de Tacle de renonciation 
fera fait au Parlement de Paris, auffitot que 
Toriginal, qu'on attend de Madrid, fera ar- 

* Envoy of France at Madrid. 

M 4 rive 


rive ici ; & les copies authentiques en feront 
auffi enregitrees enfuites dans tons les autres. 
Parlemens du royaume. 

Vous voyez, my Lord, que de la part du 
Roi, tout eft comme accompli. Car les 
renonciations de Monfieur le Due de Berry, 
& Monfieur le Due d'Orleans, font pretes, 
& elles partiront pour FEfpagne auffitot que 
I'aclie original de la renonciation du Roi Ca- 
tholique fera arrivee. C'efl done de vou-s 
prefentement, qu'il faut attendre la confom- 
rnation de 1'ouvrage, & je fuis perfiiade que 
vous ne la difFererez pas. Je vous avoue 
que je fouhaiterois fort qu'il ne fut pas ne- 
ceflaire de prolonger le terns de la fuipennon 
dont le terme fin it dans un mois. 

J'attends avec impatience de nouvelles de 
Monfieur Prior, & quelque fujet que j'ai de^ 
me plaindre de lui en mon particiilier, je 
ferai tres aife de le revoir, fans qu'il merite 
d'etre pendu. Son retour me fera d'autant 
plus de plaifir que je faurai de lui de vos nou- 
velles particulieres ; & je vous afTure, my 
Lord, qu'il y a peut-etre mil endroit au 
monde ou 1'on s'interefie plu^ fenfiblement 
C[u'ici a tout ce qui vous regarde. 

Monfieur le Due d'Aumont prefle vive 



ment foil depart, 'mais je voudrois bien que 
Matthieu fut revenu auparavant, quoique 
j'ai appris a mes depenfes qiril faut ie defier 
de fes confeils. Je fuis, &c. 


A Marl i, le i^me Novembre, 1712. 

De Monjleur de Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce lime November, V.S. 1712. 

QUOIQUE Matthieu doit partir a la fin 
de cette fernaine, je n'ai pourtant pas voulu 
manquer de proftter de cette occafion de 
vous ecrire, par le courier que 1'Abbe Gaul- 
tier a deflein de depecher, & de vous dire 
que je me trompe fort ii vous ne foyez con- 
tent de nous. 

Les infrrucYions du Comte de Strafford 
font drellees, & j'en ai montre a TAbbe im 
article par lequel il eft tres expreflemeat 
ordonne a ce miniftre, aufli-bien qu'a Mon- 
iieur 1'Eveque 'de Briflol, de declarer aux 
miniftres de Tetot, que c'eft pour la derniere 
fois que la Reine les recherche, que fa Ma- 
jefte efpere qu'ils accepteront les conditions 
qui leur font ofFertes, & qu'ils entreront fans 
referve & fans delai dans les mefures de la 



paix ; que s'ils pretendent de perdre plus 
de terns en negociant, ou de creer de nou- 
veaux obftacles par des demandes ulterieures, 
la Reine conclura foil traite avec la France 
& 1'Efpagne, & ne s'embarrafTera plus des 
in te rets de leur republique. 

Au furplus, vous voulez bien que je me 
remette a ce que j'aurai 1'honneur de vous 
ecrire en deux jours d'ici par foil Excellence 
Matthieu. Je crois que vous le trouverez 
inftruit a finir toutes chofes, & que malgre 
fa phifionomie, qui n'eft pas des plus heu- 
reufes, il ne fera pas pendu pour le coup. 

A\ ant que de finiu cette lettre, il faut que 
je vous dife, Monfieur, que j'ai fait arreter 
un certain Beaulieu, qui fe dit Languedo- 
cren ; il pretend d'avoir eu une affaire avec 
Monfieur de Baville, au fujet d'une affemblee 
de Proteftans, tenue dans le Haut Vivares, 
& d'un paffeport donne a un nomme Prurat, 
& s'etre retire par cette raifon de France. 
Je fais qu'il s'eft donne beaucoup de mouve- 
ment parmi les refugies, & je le foupconne 
d'avoir trame des deffeins chimeriques a la 
verite, mais qui ne doivent pourtant pas etre 
neglige : je fais fes addrefles, & j'ai pris des 
mefures fures pour arreter toutes fes lettres ; 


jc vous avertirai de tout ce que je pourrai 

Jc finifibis ma lettre quand votre courier 
eft arrive, par lequel j'ai re$u celle que vous 
m'avez fait 1'honneur de m'ecrire le 15 me 
de ce mois. Je me rejouis avec vous, Mou- 
fieur, de la bonne nouvelle ; les ennemis de 
la paix ne pourront plus traverfer ce grand 
ouvrage, & je me flatte qu'en trcs peu de 
iemaines on y donnera la derniere main. 

Prior ne tardera pas a jouir d'un bonheur 
que je lui envie, celui de vous voir, & de 
vous embraffer ; le Due d'Hamilton le fuivra 
de pres. 

Adieu, Monfieur, tout aimable que vous 
ctes, il n'y a pas peut-etre au monde ua 
homme qui vous aime tant que Votre, &c. 


To the Earl of Str afford. 

Whitehall, November, i ith, 1712. 

YOUR Lordmip will receive with this 

letter, the inflruclions to my Lord Privy 

Seal and yourfelf, together with fome papers 

referred to in them, and others which I 



judged necefTary for your L/ordmip's infor- 
mation *. The extracts of letters relating 
to the barrier treaty, will ferve as vouchers 
to fome matters which you will have occa- 
^fion to advance ; and which will very pro- 
bably be controverted, when you come to 
debate the new project with the Dutcu Mi- 
nifters. I confefs I mean particularly to en- 
able your Lordfhip, and Lord Privy Seal (at 
the fame time as you tell the Dutch that there 
can be no union between us and them, unleis 
they agree entirely to lay afide tne whole 
barrier-treaty, that fcandalous inilance of 
our being fold by a faction) to reproach the 
Penfionary and the other Minifters for im- 
pofmg fo grofsly on the eafinefs and good- 

* Inclofed were inftruftions for the Lords Plenipotentiaries, 
dated November nth, 1712. Copy of Monficur Hoffman's 
memorial, dated Oftober aand, 1 712. Copy of Lord Boling- 
broke's anfwer, dated November i ith, 1712. Copy of Mon- 
fieur Mellarede's memorial. Points relating to the Duke of 
Savoy. A paper concerning North America. A paper con- 
cerning the articles of the treaty of commerce not yet adjufted. 
Copy of the articles not yet adjufted, together with th* 
amendment made to fome of them, by the Plenipotentiaries of 
France, upon the firft projeft of th\. articles to be iniifted up- 
on to be made part of the treaty of commerce. A compa- 
rifon of duties according to the tarif of 1664.. A companion 
of extra&s of letters, from Mr. Boyle, to Lord Townfliend, 
concerning the ba rrier- treaty ; <viz. 5th, loth July, 2nd, 8th 
November, 1709. Extracts of letters, frofti Lord Townfliend 
to Mr. Boyle, of the ad, i;th July, and a6th November, 1 709. 
And one to Lord Sunderland, of the ift of November, 



nature of my Lord Townfhend, as to make 
him admit iuch things as they propofed, 
thot. 6 h foreign to the iiiccefiion or the bar- 
rier, after they had eftablimed it as a prin- 
ciple, that nothing mould be inferted in that 
treaty, but what immediately concerned 
either the one or the other. 

Your Lordihip will find no paper want- 
ing, but the new project of a treaty of fuc- 
ceffion and barrier, of which it has not 
been pofiible to make a tranfcript, the only 
cany of it being my brouillon^ and ^hat being 
in Mr. Tillbn's hands, who tranflates it into 
Latin. Your Lordmip will, however, be 
fure to receive it before you fet out from 
London, and if you was to go fooner, it 
mould overtake you on the road. 1 am, &c. 

A Monfieur le Chevalier de Mole *. 

De Whitehall, ce I4me Novembre, V.S. 1712. 

JE ne faurois me diipenfer de vous iup- 

plier d'accorder votre protection a Montfeur 

^ Madame Calandrini, o^ui retourncnt a 

* Intendant at Dunkirk. 



Paris. On leur a fait peur des partis de Huf- 
iars & autres qu'on pretend etre en cam- 
pagne fur cette frontiere. Ayez la bonte de 
leur donner des efcortes, fi vous le jugez ne- 
cefTaire, & de les recommander au Comman- 
dant de Boulogne. 

Je ne puis laifler echapper cette occafion 
de vous faire mes tres humbles remercimens 
de toutes les faveurs dont vous m'avez 
comble, dans mon dernier voyage. Je fuis 
penetre d'une tres vive reconnoiffance, &; 
j'ofe vous afTurer, que je fuis plus qu'homme 
au monde, Monlieur, votre, &c. 

Je prends la liberte d'alTurer Madame dp 
Mole de mes tres humbles refpefts. 

A Monfieur de Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce I4me Novembre, V.S. 1712. 
QUOIQUE je craigne de vous etre im- 
portun, je ne puis pourtant pas m'empecher 
de vous recommander encore une fois les in- 
terets de Monfieur Calandrini. Je les re- 
garde comme les miennes propres, & comme 
je 11 ai jamais fenti une douleur plus vive 
que celle que m'a caufe le malhenr de cette 



famille, ainfi ne puis-je efperer un plus 
grand plaiiir que celui de ia voir retablie 
par les bons offices &: pniflante protection 
de 1'homme du nSonde auquel je fouhaiterois 
le plus d'etre oblige. 

La grace que je demande pour eux, & qui 
,les tireroit quoiqu'avec une perte tres con- 
fiderable, d'affaires, eft que Monfieur De- 
marets aie la bonte de changer leurs affigna- 
tions en des billets de Receveurs-Generaux, 
payables aux memes echeances, qui font en 
1714 & 1715, s'ils pouvoient en meme-tems 
obtenir une cinquantaine de milles livres a 
compte de leurs affignations, la faveur feroit 
complete, & Fobligation que je vous en au- 
rois eternelle. 

Encore un coup, pardonnez a mon im- 
portunite, & foyez perfuade que je luis, & 
que je ferois toute ma vie, avec la plus haute 
eftime, & la plus parfaite amitie, 

Monfieur, votre, &c. 



A Monpeur de Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce me Novembre, V.S. 1712. 

ENFIN, Monfieur, nous voici a la veillc 
cle la paix, & j'efpere que vous trouverez 
les argumens de Monfieur Prior plus con- 
vaincants a Ton retour, que vous n'avez fait 
avant fon depart. 

La fermete de la Reine vaincra Topinia- 
trcte" des Hollandois, les facilites qu'a don- 
nees fa Maj^~ Fres Chretienne mettront 
ceux qui gouvernent cette republique dans 
un etat a n'ofer plus long-terns faire les 
guerriers. VoiL\ comme nous raiibnnons ici, 

Mais fi contre notre attente, les Etats- 
Generaux prenoient le parti de vouloir, apres 
la ceifion de Tournay, former les demandes 
ukericures, & embarraffer la negociation de 
nouveaa, la Reine ie contentera d'avoir fait 
pour eux tout ce qu'elle- a pu, & dans ce cas, 
Moniieur, les Plenipotentiaires de fa Majefte 
figneront avec ceux des allies qui voudront y 
cntrer, le traite^ particulier avec la France 
& 1'Efpagne. 

Ce que j'ai 1'honneur prefentement de vous 
ecrire, eft conforme aux inftruclions que 
Monfieur le Comte de Strafford vient de 



recevoir, & cette refolution paroit fi decifive 
qu'il n'efl plus neceffaire d'entrer dans la 
difcuffion de plufieurs points contenus dans 
votre depeche du 26me Oclobre. II me 
femble que nous devons etre contents les 
\ms des autres, & vous me permettrez, Mon- 
iieur de vous dire^ que fi le Roi de fon cote 
a fait quelques facrifices four 1'amour de la 
paix, ce ii'etoit que fur la confiance que la 
Reine a toujours eu dans les intentions de fa 
Majefte Tres Chretienne qu'elle a fait de 
certains pas, qui ne font pas dans la regie 
ordinaire de la negociation, & que vous fa- 
vez tres-bien, fans qu'il {bit necetfaire que je 
les rappelle. 

Moniieur Prior vous expliquera de bouche 
ce que la Reine fait declarer aux Etats-Ge- 
neraux fur les interets de I'Elecleur de Ba* 
viere, & fa Majefte efpere que le Roi verra 
par-la combien elle fouhaite de lui plaire 
dans tout ce qui depend d'elle. II faut pour- 
tant, Monneur, que je dife, que nous ne 
voyons pas comment les pretenfions de ce 
Prince viennent a etre melees avec la pro- 
pofition de la ceffion de Tournay. Quand 
il s'agifloit de donncr la Sicile au Due de 
Savoy e, vous difiez que ce royaume etoit 

VOL. II. N defline 


deftine par le Roi d'Efpagne a 1'Elefteur de 
Baviere, Icquel, par conlequent, devoit etre 
dedommage, ce dedommagement fut meme 
fpecifie, & la Sardagne fut demandee ; mais 
aujourd'hui le cas eft fort different, & vous 
m'avouerez que Tournay ne feroit point 
donne a l'Ele6teur fi les Hollandois furent 
obliges a s'en defifter. 

La ceflion de la Sicile accordee, & le 
'dioit du Due de Savoye a la couronne d'Ef- 
pagne fubflitue apres le Roi Philippe & fes 
enfans, on ne peut plus douter que ce Prince 
n'entre dans toutes les mefures qui ont ete 
prifes pour parvenir a la paix. La Reine 
compte la-defTus, & en efFet fon Alteife 
Royale eft trop eclairee pour vouloir re- 
noncer a des avantages reels & folides, tels 
que nous lui propofons, & fe repaitre des 
chimeres de la cour de Vienne. 

L'article de la barriere du cote de la 
France paroiflbit devoir etre la pierre d'a- 
cboppement. Vous favez, Monfieur, com- 
bien vous avez ete roide la-defllis, & je 
vous puis affurer que les Miniftres de Sa- 
voye en out toujours parle comme d'une 
chofe efTentielle aux interets de leur maitre, 
& fans l*acqnilition de laquelle il n'obtien- 



'droit pas cette furete que fa Majeftc Tres 
Chretienne a prOmis de vouloir faire trouver 
dans la paix a tons les allies. Par ce que 
Monfieur Prior aura 1'honneur de vous re- 
prefenter, vous verrez que cette difficulte ne 
fubfifte plus, & il me femble que fon Altefle 
Royale fe retranche a lie demander que cc 
qui a ete renferme' dans 1'ofFre d'Exilles, 
de Feneftrelles, & de la Vallee de Pragelas, 
ou pour mienx dire, que ce qui eft abfolu- 
ment necefTaire pour rendre ces places d'au- 
cune utilite. A Tegard de la liberte de for- 
tifier, que fon AltefTe Royale fouhaite d'avoir, 
nonobftant le traite de 1696^ je crois que le 
Roi ne fera point de difficulte de la lui ac- 
corder, ponrvu qu'elle s'oblige a ne pas s'en 
fervir pour rebatir les fortifications de Pig- 

J'ai parcouru les projets de traite qui ont 
cte drefles a Utrecht, tant par Meffieurs les 
Plenipotentiaires du Roi que par ceux de la 
Reine ; & jc n'y trouve de difference con- 
fiderable, que fur deux articles, celui d'Ame- 
rique Septentrionale, & celui de commerce. 
Je ne veux pas entrer dans ce detail, ce fe- 
roit une affaire d'une trop longue difcuiiion, 
& au lieu de vous ecrire une lettre, je vous 
N 2 enverrois 


enverrois un livre. Monfieur Prior vous en- 
tretiendra fur ces points, & je me bornerai 
a vous prier de tomber d'accord avec lui de 
quelques expediens, arin que les Miniftres a 
Utrecht n'ayent rien a demeler enfemble, 
mais puiilent concourir unanimement a faire 
entrer les autres dans des fentimens paci- 

Je veux finir cette lettre comme je Fai 
commence ; enfin, Monfieur, nous voici a la 
veille de la paix, ne faifons point naufrage 
dans le port, mais concluons au plutot un 
ouvrage du faeces duquel depend le bon- 
heur de taut de peuples du fiecle prefent, & 
de ceux qui font a venir. Je luis, cc. 


To the Duke of Ar gyle. 

Whitehall, November 19*, O.S. 1712. 
I EXPECTED an opportunity of writ- 
ing to your Grace by a more fafe and fpeedy 
conveyance than ordinary, but that having 
not yet offered itfelf, I no longer defer put- 
ting you in mind of one of the moll faithful 
and affectionate of thofe many iervants 
which you left behind you. 

3 As 


As to Mr. Durand, for whofe fettlement 
your Grace was fo juftly felicitous, I think 
he may depend on having a fixed eftablrfh- 
ment of 500 1. a year ; whatever falls mort 
of this fum in the allowance of the ord- 
nance, will be made up to him by particular 

As to the money for carrying forward 
the works *, I cannot fpeak fo pofitively, 
but I will tell you ingenuoufly what I ima- 
gine is the fecret we are got into the win- 
ter, the meeting of the parliament ap- 
proaches, and my Lord Treafurer would be 
glad to fee what inclination the Houfe of 
Commons will mow to furnim fupplics for 
this fervice, before he engages in any extra- 
ordinary expence ; beiides, he may perhaps 
confider that thefe acquilitions by the peace 
will appear much lefs valuable if an imme- 
diate charge attends them, let that charge 
be, in its confcquence, never fo advanta- 
geous. In this manner I account for that 
care which I fee taken to make the ex- 
pence, both of Minorca and Port Mahon, 
look as little as pomble, and to contrive, if 
that may be done, to make this contribute 

* Probably the fortifications at Minorca. 

N 3 to 


to its own maintenance ; for this end, there 
is a Surveyor of the Crown appointed, who 
will fhortly be fent thither, and whofe com- v 
miffion will direct him to enquire into the 
tenures of lands, the prefent revenues, &c. 

As to your Grace's uncle, who you de- 
fire fhould be made Commiffary of the 
Muflers for the northern part of Britain, 
I have not been negligent in applying for 
him ; but I have not yet received fuch an 
anfwer as edifies me, or would edify you, 
and when I cannot fpeak clearly, I chopfe 
to hold my tongue. " My opinion is, that it 
is not intended for him ; but I will fhortly, 
either by Lord Hay * or by letter to your 
Grace, be more categorical on this head. 

I muft not omit by this opportunity to 
acquaint your Grace with the tragical event 
of laft Saturday : My Lord Mormn had, on. 
Thurfday, given very brutal language to 'the 
Duke of Hamilton, at the chambers of a 
Matter in Chancery; the latter replied in. 
ho provoking manner, and intended to pafs 
it over as the effect of wine / but the next 
day, Mohun fent him a challenge by M'Cart- 
ney ; that is, he, who gave the affront de- 
* Brother to the Duke of Argyle. 



manded fatisfaclion of the perfon who re- 
ceived it. They fought, received three or 
four wounds each, and both died on the fy ot, 
or a few minutes after *. 

I will detain your Grace no longer from 
being better employed than in reading my 
letter, but fubfcribe myfelf, faithfully and 
affectionately, your's, &c. 

To the Queen, 


Whitehall, November aoth, 1712. 
I RECEIVED this morning a letter 
from Monfieur de Torcy, with an account 
that the King of Spain's renunciation of the 
kingdom of France has been approved and 
registered by the Cortes : that the Dukes 
of Berry and Orleans have jfigned their re- 
nunciations of any right to the Crown of 
Spain : that thefe laft renunciations are fent 
into Spain, to be regiflered by the Cortes, 
as the former will be regiftered in the Par- 

* This unfortunate occurrence underwent the interpre- 
tation of party- prejudice; it was faid that the Duke of 
Hamilton did not meet with fair play from M'Cartney, the 
iecond of his antagonift, and that his Grace died by a thruft 
from him. 

N 4. liaments 


liaments of France, the moment it arrives 
from Madrid, which Moniieur de Torcy is 
in hourly expectation of. 

The French and Spaniards have, by theie 
fteps, almoft entirely finiihed the execu- 
tion of the great article of the peace ; and 
1 find they are at Marly under no fmall 
impatience for Mr, Prior's return, and to 
be informed of your Majefty's decilion. 
This eagernefs, on the part of France, to 
ponciude, firengthens (till more your Ma- 
jefty's hands, and enables you to give the 

It is my duty likewife to acquaint your 
Majefty with a piece of intelligence \\ : Ai 
was fent to the trench Ambaflador in Swif- 
ferland, from a perfon not named to me, but 
faid to live in the neighbourhood of the can- 
ton of Berne ; and which, however impro- 
bable, is too horrid not to alarm thofe who, 
by inclination and gratitude, as well as alle- 
giance, are devoted to your Majefty. The 
informer pretends to have dilcovered, in 
the clofet of a 'lenator who is in the in- 
tereft of the allies, a defign carried on by 
the allies, for thus general is the expreffion, 
cither by fuborning your Majefty's guards, or 



by gaining your fervants, to poifon your Ma- 
jeftv, or carry you off. He adds, that moft of 
the Drench refugees, who are, it feeras, the 
nev.i mongers there, as they are in all other 
places, affect to give out that your Majefty 
fhalJ not arrive at the end you propofe, but 
that all your meaiures fhall be broken. Thefe 
are, 1 hope, nothing more than the effects of 
impotent, but noiiy, rage ; and God, who 
has railed you up for the good of the world, 
will preferve you as a bleffing to your own 
people, and to all the nations round us. 
Monfieur de Torcy concludes his letter by 
mentioning the complaints made in Spain, 
that your Majefty's troops acted after the 
fufpention of arms ; which did happen, by 
Mr. Pearce's not receiving his orders in 

I muft not omit to let your Majefty know, 
that the poft has been robbed, both in France 
near Amiens, and here a little way out of 
Southwark ; the letters directed to my Lord 
Treaiurer, to my Lord Dartmouth, to the 
Abbe Gaulder, and to one Malot, at whofe 
froufe the latter uiually is, have been open- 
ed. The Lords have this evening direct^ 
ed an order of council to be prepared, on 



confulting the Poft-mafters, the Attorney, 
and the Solicitor*, for discovering the per- 
ibns concerned, and it will be ready to be 
laid before your Majefly on Sunday, as like- 
wife the inquifitions of the Coroner, upon 
the deaths of Duke Hamilton, and Lord 

I beg pardon for the length of my letter, 
and am, Madam, your Majefty's, &c. 

)e Monfieur de Ti rcy, 

VOUS verrez, Moniieur, par la derniere 
lettre que j'ai regu de Monfieur de Bonac, 
& dont j'ai I'honneur de voys envoyer la 
copie, que 1'acle de renonciation du Roi 
d'Efpagne a la Couronne de France avoit 
ete approuve & enregitre par les Cortes. 

L'expedition de cet ade, que fa Majefte 
envoie ici en forme, n'eft pas encore arrivee, 
mais le Roi ne 1'a pas attendu pour faire 
ligner : pour envoyer a Madrid, les re- 
nonciations de Monfieur le Due de Berry, 
& de Monfieur le Due d'Orleans ; elles 

* General, 



font portees par une courier expres que le 
Due d'Oflune a dt-peche au Roi foil maitre. 

Ainfi, Monfieur, le Roi d'Eipagne a re- 
nonce a fes droits iur la Couronne dc France, 
fa renonciatioii eft approuvee en Efpagne, 
& enregitree par les Cortes. 

Les Princes de France qui pouvoient avoir 
droit fur la Couronne d'Efpagne y out re- 
nonce, & leurs renonciations fignees d'eux & 
envoyee a Madrid, feront enregitrees par les 
Cortes immediatement apres 1'arrivee da 

La renonciatioii du Roi d'Efpagne a la 
Couronne de France fera enregitree incef- 
famment dans le Parlement de Paris, & 
dans tous les autres parlernens du royaume, 
puifqu'elle eft deja re$ue & enregitree par 
les Cortes, & que le courier qui 1'apporte 
ici eft attendu ^ tous momens. 

Voila done ce que le Roi & le Roi d'Ef- 
pagne ont promis, accompli en grande par- 
tie, & le refte a la veille de 1'ctre entiere- 
ment ; il femble que, les affaires en cet etat, 
rien ne devroit plus arreter la conclufion de 
la paix ; cependant, Monfieur, dans le terns 
que je n'attends de vous que de bonnes nou- 
yelles, je vous avoue cjue je ne puis m'em- 
2 pe-cher, 


pecher d'etre en peine de votre filence, & dc 
celui de Monfieur Prior. L'Abbe Gaultier 
meme ne m'a pas ecrit depuis le nmede 
ce mois. Je crois que vous comprendrez, 
& par confequence, que vous excuferez aife- 
ment mon impatience dans une conjon&ure 
ou il eft fi important de fe conduire de con- 

Je vois de plus qu'on voudroit accufer la 
France de retarder la conclufion de la paix, 
& vous favez li, de la part du Roi, il y a 
ete perdu un moment. Sa Majefte a meme 
travaille pour les interets de Monfieur le 
Due de Savoye aulfi vivement que fi le traite 
cut ete conclu avec ce Prince, & cependant 
elle ne fait pas quel eft 1'etat de notre nego- 
ciation a Turin ; on pretend meme, & on 
1'ecrit de quelques endroits de Tltalie, que 
ce Prince travaille a fe lier plus que jamais 
avec la maifon d'Autriche, que fon princi- 
pal objet eft d'obtenir pour le Prince de 
Piemont rArchiduchefle de TEmpereur Jo- 
feph, avec le Milanes en dot ; qu'il preferoit 
1'acquifition de ce duche a celle de la Sicile, 
regardant ce Royaurne comme trop eloigne 
de fes etats pour le ponvoir confervcr, & que 



le Milanes fervant de dot a rArchiduchefle, 
il en feroit Gouverneur perpetuel. 

Je crois que vous aurez eu ces meme* 
avis, mais il vaut mieux les repeter que de 
vous les laiffer ignorer. II n'y a pas lieu de 
douter auffi que la Reine n'ait pas pris des 
mefures bien julles pour etre aifuree de 
Moniieur le Due de Savoye. Le Roi a fur 
cet article, & fur tous les autres qui regar- 
dent la paix, une entiere confiance en la 
prudence de la Majefte Britannique. 

Mais, Moniieur, il eft terns de finir, & 
comme c'eft de votre cote qu'on doit at- 
tendre le denouement, ne foyez pas furpris 
li je vous demande avec emprefTement de 
vos nouvelles. Je le fais avec autant plus 
de confiance que je fais vos lentimens & que 
je vois qu'il n'eft pas moins conforme aux 
intei'ets qu'a Tinclination de la Reine, de 
finir promptement 1'ouvrage qu'elle a com- 
mence, & que nous voyons prefqu'au point 
de fa perfection. 

Je vous alfure que je ne puis m'empecher 
d'etre alarme des difcours que les ennemis dc 
la paix ne cefTent de tenir centre fa Majefte 
Britannique, quoique je fuis perfuade qu'ih 
n'ont d'autre fondement, que le deiir que 



ceux qui les tiennent, auroient de voir eii- 
core prolonger la guerre. Quelque vaines 
que foient leurs menaces, je crois cependant 
Monfieur* devoir vous communiqner 1'extrait 
que je viens de recevoir d'une lettre qui a 
ete ecrite a I'AmbafTadeur du Roi en SuifTe 
par un homme qui demeure dans le voifi- 
nage du Canton de Berne. Vous en ferez 
1'ufage qu'il vous plaira, & j'efpere que vous 
le regarderez comme un limple difcours, 
dont les effets ne font nullement a craindre. 

Monfieur le Comte de Lexington aura in- 
forme la Reine des plaintes qti'il a revues dc 
la part du Roi d'Efpagne fur ce que le 
commandant des troupes de la Grand Bre- 
tagne en Portugal n'a pas obferve la fuf- 
penfion, & qu'il a continue d'agir en faveur 
des Portugais. II en a coute aux Efpagnols 
de lever le fiege de Campo Major. Je 
fouhaiterois pour les dedommager, & pour le 
bien des affaires, que la Reine put obliger 
Monfieur de Staremberg a faire embarquer les 
troupes Allemandes qui font en Catalogue, 
mais en verite je doute fort qu'il fe laiffe 

Je vous fupplie de croire qu'on ne peut 



ctre avec plus^d'attachement, & plus veri- 
tablement, que je fuis, Monfieur, &c. 


A Marli, le 25ie Novembre* 1712. 

Le Roi fait Monfieur le Due d'Aumont 
Chevalier de fes ordres, avant que de le faire 

Permettez-moi encore, my Lord, de vous 
prefTer pour le bien de I'afFaire, de me don- 
ner de vos nouvelles, & de ne perdre point 
de terns pour finir, puifque vous voyez q[ue 
de la part du Roi il n'y a pas eu un moment 
de perdu a confbmmer ce qui vous a ete 

A Monfieur de Torcy. 
De Whitehall, ce 2ime Novembre, V.S. 1712. 
J'AI vu, Monfieur, par la derniere lettre 
que vous m'avez fait 1'honneur de m'ecrire, 
& que la Vigne me rendit hier, 1'impatience 
dans laquelle vous etes de recevoir de nos 

Comme je trouve cette impatience tres- 
bien fondee, je n'ai pas voulu attendre le de- 
part de Prior, mais je vous envoie le meme 
courier, & je le charge de la lettre ci-jointe 
que Matthieu vous devroit avoir remis. 



Ce vifage de bois ne commencera fort 
voyage que Lundi prochain, & vous ne fe- 
rez furpris de ce delai, quand vous faurez 
la trifle avanture de Samedi pafle ; FAbbe 
Gaultier ne manquera pas de vous informer 
que le Due d'Hamilton s'eft battu en duel 
avec Monfieur de Mohun, & que tous les 
deux font refles fur la place. 

La Reine ne tardera pas a nommer un 
autre Ambafladeur, & je me trompe fort ft 
vous.n'en foyez content. 

Le Roi & le Roi d'Efpagne out a peu 
pres accomplis tout ce qu'ik> out promis a 
l'egard du grand article pour empecher la 
reunion des deux monarchies. Je 1'avoue 
Moniieur, &je feroisau defefnqir, fi denotre 
cote 1'on avoit rien neglige de tout ce qui 
peut contribuer a prefler la conclunon du 
grand ouvrage de la paix. Vous favez, 
fans que je vous le dife, la nature de notre 
gouvernement,- & le genie de notre peuple, 
combien de mefures nous avons a prendre, 
combien d'efprits nous avons a menager, 
ainfi vous ne ferez pas fiirpris quand les re- 
ponfes que vous atttndez d'ici ne viennent 
point avec toute Texpedition que les con- 
jondtures paroillcnt exiger. 



Pour cette fois, j'efpere que vous vous 
trouverez dedommage de notre lenteur, par 
cette refolution decifive que le Comte de 
Straffbrd eft alle porter en Hollande. 

Ce que vous marquez dans votre lettre, 
des intrigues qu'on pretend etre trainees par 
le Due de Savoye a la cour de Vienne, eft 
conforme a des avis que nous avons de terns 
en terns jeu. Dans 1'autre lettre j'ai touche 
les raifons qui ont em'peche la Reine d'y 
faire aucurie attention. J'ajouterai dans 
celle-ci, que Meffieurs les Miniftres Impe- 
riaux ont arTecles dans plufieurs occafions de 
faire de pareilles infinuations, ne fouhaitant 
rien de mieux que de brouiller Son Alteffe 
Royale avec la Reine, & de rendre fon ac-^ 
commodement avec le Roi plus difficile. 

Je vous fuis extremement oblige des avis 
que vous me donnez, touchant les menaces 
que font les ennemis dc la paix. La Reine, 
j'ofe dire, poufle un peu trop loin cette 
maxime de Cefar, qu'il vaut mieux mourir 
que de vivre dans une crainte continue] le de 
la mort ; mais nous autres qui avons 1'hon- 
neur de la fervir, ne negligerons rien de 
tout ce qui pent contribuer a mettre en fu- 
rete une vie auili precieufe que la fienne. 

VOL. HI. O S* 


Sa Majefte a etc fort fachee de ce qui 
eft arrive en Portugal ; le Commandant des 
troupes 1'excufe endifant qu'il n'a pas manque 
de declarer & d'obferver la fufpenfion d'ar- 
mes, d'abord qu'il a 1*911 fes ordres. Mon 
opinion eft que les Portugais ont intercepte les 
premieres lettres que le Comte de Dartmouth 
lui a ecrit fur ce fujet : je ne fais pas quel 
parti Monfieur de Staremberg prendra. II eft 
impoffible qu'il ptiifle fe foutenir en Cata- 
logue, & s'il refufe d'embarquer fes Alle- 
mands, je crois qu'il trouvera quelque diffi- 
culte a faire fa retraite comme Xenophon fit 
la fienne. 

L'Abbe Gaultier m'a mis au defefpoir 
quand il m'a dit que 1'Eveque de Briftol avoit 
re9u tres froidemeut Monfieur le Due de St. 

J'ai ecrit a ce bon homme, dans les termes 
les plus forte, que c'etoit 1'intention de la 
Reine qu'il fit fes plus grands efforts, con- 
jointement avec les Miniftres de France, 
pour appuyer les interets du Due ; par le 
premier courier je lui repeterai ces ordres 
d'une maniere a lui fondre fa glace. 

Je fuis trop le ferviteur de Monfieur le 

Due d'Aumont, pour lie pas prendre une 

3 part 


part tres fenfible dans la grace que le Roi 
lui fait, & je vous fupplie de Ten afTurer. 

II eft terns de finir une lettre, que j'ecris 
fort a la hate, & que vous aurez peut-etre 
de la peine a lire. Je fuis avec le plus grand 
attachement, Monfieur, votre, &c. 

En cas que TEveque de Tournay garde fon 
eveche, nous croyons que 1'Abbe Gaultier 
pourroit etre declare fon coadjuteur des a 
prefent, pour les raifons que nous avons au- 
trefois touchees. 

S'il y a des mefures a prendre de notre 
cote, vous n'avez qu'a me les marquer, car 
nous fommes entierement difpofes a lui faire 
plaifir, & en effet il a bien merite de la 
France & de 1'Angleterre. 

^ Monfieur de 'Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce 26me Novembre, V,S. 
QUOIQUE la mort du Due d'Hamil-. 
ton, & quelques autres incidens qui font 
furvenus, aient retarde le retour de Mon- 
fieur Prior en France, & caufe des lon- 
O 2 gueurs 


gueurs dans une affaire, qui n'en devroit 
fouffrir aucune, je crois que la refolution 
que la Reine vient de prendre reparera 
cette perte de terns, & prcviendra tous les 
obftacles qui pourroieat encore faire trainer 
la conclufion de notre grande ouvrage. 

Sa Majefte a nomme le Due de Shrewf- 
bury pour etre fon AmbafTadeur en France, 
comme il partira d'ici fans attcndre les 
equipages, j'eipere que dans quinze jours, a 
compter de la fin de cette femaine, il arrivera 
a Paris. 

Je vous envoie une convention pour la 
prolongation de la iiifpeniion d'armes ; vous 
aurez la bonte d*en ligner une copie, & de 
me, la faire tenir au retour de ce courier. 

J'aicru.que la claufe de ratification n'etoit 
pas necefTaire d'y etre inferee ; fi vous jugez 
autrement, vous n'avez qu'a addreffer la ra- 
tification du Roi a 1'Abbe Gaultier, & je 
ne manquerai 'pas de lui faire avoir imme- 
diatement celle de la Reine. 

La renonciation du Roi d'Efpagne a la 
Couronne de France, a etc faite dans les 
termes le plus forts, & de la maniere la 
plus fplennelle. Sa Majefte ne doute pas que 
ies renonciations du Due de Berry & du 



Due d'Orleans, nc foient coi^ues dans des 
termes egalement forts, & que tous les autres 
actes neceflaires pour FaccomplifTcment de ce 
grand article ne fe fafTent d'une maniere 
egalement folennelle & authentique. Mais, 
Monfieur, pour prendre nos mefures plus 
iurement, pour prevenir Je moindre mefen- 
tendu qui pourroit caufer du retardement 
dans le cours de cette affaire, la Reine m'a 
commande de vous faire {avoir, quVlle fbu- 
haite d'avoir les copies des renonciations du 
Due de Berry & du Due d'Orleans a tout 
droit fur la Couronne d'Efpagne, auffi-bien 
que des autres acles qui doivent etre a cette 
occafion faits felon le projet pour prevenir 
la reunion des deux monarchies contenu dans 
les articles propofes par la Reine le 6me de 
Juin, V.S. & accepte par le Roi le 22me du 
meme mois, N.S. 1712. Si je ne re9ois pas 
ce que j'ai 1'honneur de vous demander pre- 
fentement, aflez a terns pour que Monfieur 
Se Due de Shrew(bury puiife, avant fbn de- 
part, recevoir la-defTus les derniers ordres de 
la Reine, je compte pourtant que s'il ne fait 
pas les ientimens de fa Majefte en partant de 
I^ondres, il les faura du moins en arrivant a 
Paris. Jc fuis, Monfieur, &c. B. 

O 3 T 


To the Queen. 

Whitehall, November 28th, 1712. 

THE neceffity which my Lord Treafurer 
lies under of qualifying himfelf to be Go- 
vernor, and which I lie under as Director of 
the South Sea Company, obliges us both to 
be in town on Sunday, of which I thought it 
my duty to acquaint your Majefty, and 
humbly to beg to be excufed my attendance 
at Windfor. 

Foreign letters we have none to trouble 
your Majefty with. I difpatched, yefterday 
morning at break of day, a courier to the 
Court of France, with two copies of an act 
for prolonging the fufpenfion, executed by 
myfelf, one of which is to be returned exe- 
cuted by Monfieur de Torcy. This was to 
have been done, purfuant to your Majefty's 
order, by Mr. Prior; but as it is very 
poffible he may not arrive in time, and as 
any interval between the expiration and re- 
newal of the fufpenfion, would caufe great 
confulion, and be of very mifchievous con- 
fequence to your Majefry's trading fubjetfs, 
my Lords of the Council thought proper to 



lole not a moment in fending over the con- 
vention to France, which will, by this me- 
thod, be returned foon enough. 

I have likewife, at my Lord Dartmouth's 
defire, writ to Monfieur de Torcy, that he 
mould fend, by the fame courier, draughts 
of the renunciations to be made in France, 
and of the other forms which are to be 
pafled in that kingdom for the complete 
execution of the article agreed upon to pre- 
vent the union of the two monarchies. I 
think this mould have been fooner aiked, 
but hope we are frill in time. 

Finding the merchants have not obferved 
the notice formerly given about paries and 
certificates, when they fail to the North Sea, 
and to the Baltic, the fame is to be renewed 
in the Gazette to-morrow. 

Some of your Majefty's meflengers whom 
I fent to the coaft, very narrowly miffed 
taking Mackartney near to Ipfwich, they 
are {till in purfuit of him, and not without 
hopes of fuccefs. I am, Madam, 

Your Majefty's moil dutiful, &c. 

O 4 


To the Lords Plenipotentiaries. 

Whitehall, November 28th, 1712. 
I MUST not omit to put your Lordfhips 
in mind of what I writ fome time ago, 
concerning the Duke de St. Pierre, by her 
Majefty's particular command. The Queen, 
my Lords, not only thinks the cafe of this 
gentleman very hard, and his demand very 
reafonable, but me is extremely inclined, in 
confideration of his relation to Moniieur de 
Torcy, to do him all the good offices pof- 
fible ; your Lordfhips will, therefore, pleafe 
to intereft yourfelves in this affair as in a 
caufe which her Majefty efpoufes; and to let 
the Minifters of France know, that you are 
inftru&ed to concur with them in the moft 
effectual meafures of obtaining fatisfa&ion 
to the Due de St. Pierre. 

I am, my Lords, &c. 

I have fent two parts executed of a con- 
vention for prolonging the fufpenfion to 
Franqe, and expect one of them back in a 
few days ; the prolongation is for four 
months ; God forbid the term mould prove 
neceilary ! 

4 De 


De Monfieur de T^orcy. 

A Verfailles, ce 29010 Novembre, 1712. 

IL vous efl aiie, my Lord,- d'affurer que 
je ferai content de vous, puifque vous favez 
par experience que vous y reuffirez toutes 
jes fois que vous le voudrez, & vous 1'avez 
voulu lorfque vous avez drefle Tarticle, que 
yous me fakes 1'honneur de me communiquer 
des inftruclions de Monfieur le Comte de 
Straffbrd. 11 eft tel qu'il convient pour avan- 
cer une deciiion que je ne crois plus douteufe 
de la part des Hollandois. L'etat de leurs 
affaires ne leur permet plus de foutenir la 
guerre, & certainement ils font trop heu- 
reux qu'on leur faffent 1'honneur de les 
prefier 4e faire la paix, dont ils ont plus de 
beibin qu'aucune autre nation. 

Ils ne refuferont par les bons offices de 
la Reine, & je vous avoue, my Lord, qu'au 
milieu de 1'interet public, je reffens la joie 
particuliere de voir Matthieu echappe du 
peril dont il etoit menace* J'y perds ce- 
pendant une harangue qui auroit etc des 
plus touchantes, mais j'en ferai dedommage 
par d'autres avantages. 

Le Roi a etc tres fenfible, Monfieur, a 



Vattention que vous avez eu de faire arreter 
le nomme-Beaulieu. Je faurai de Monneur 
de Baville quel eft cet homme, car il n'eft 
pas connu ici, & vous favez mieux que per- 
fonne, combien les projets de ces malheu- 
reux font ordinairement viiionnaires. Je 
vous fupplie cependant, pour les raiions que 
vous remarquez vous-meme avtc beaucoup 
de prudence, de vouloir bien m'avertir de ce 
qne vous aurez decouvert de fes intrigues. 
11 eft de I'interet reciproque de la France 
& de la Grande Bretagne, que rien ne 
trouble la tranquillite des deux royaumes, 
& que les particuliers qui oferoient tenter 
de 1'alterer, foient furement punis. Vous 
jugerez peut-etre que je meriterois de 1'etre 
moi-meme, au fujet de 1'impatience que je 
vous ai marquee par ma derniere lettre, & 
j'avoue que j'en ai etc un peu hcnteux apres 
avoir lu ce que vous m'avez fait I'honneur 
de m*ecrire ; mais, en verite, my Lord, on 
ne peut defirer vivement & attendre tran- 
quillement ; & je croirois faire tort a 1'ou- 
vrage fl j'en attendois la perfection fans auc- 
iin mouvement de vivacite, 

Jeibuhaite que Monfieur Prior vous ait ren- 
du une compte fidelle de celle qu'on a ici pour 



vous, mais je doute de fon exactitude fur 
cet article. Si je ne me trompe, & fi je le 
ibup9onne mal-a-propos,^! pourra, my Lord, 
a fon retour ici vous informer de la prefe- 
rence qu'il y a de plus admirable, lorfqu'on* 
le compare avec vous. Ce n'eft pas moi qui 
fais ces comparajfons, car il n'y a aucun a 
mon fens qui puifTe vous convenir, comme 
je crois qu'il n'y a perfonne auffi qui vous 
foit plus attache & plus fmcerement que je 
fuis, Monfieur, &c, 


To the Queen. 

Whitehall, November 2gth, 1712. 
I RECEIVED laft night a letter from 
Monfieur de Torcy, dated the 29th of this 
month, N.S. wherein there is nothing more 
than expreffions of great fatisfaclion, in the 
orders given by your Majefty to the Earl of 
StrafFord ; of which I had given him a fum- 
mary account, and very great earneftnefs flill 
fhown for the conclufion of the treaty. 

The Dutch mail arrived this morning, 
and I have the honour to inclofe to your 



Majefty an abftracl of the contents of the 
letters. I am, Madam, 

With thej^umbleft refpecl, 

Your Majefty's, &c. 

A Mcnfieur le Due de St. Pierre. 

De Whitehall, ce 2me Decembre, V.S. 1712. 
EN verite, Monneur, le peu de iervice 
que j'ai etejufques-icienetat de vous rendre, 
ne merite pas 1'obligation que vous me te- 
rnoignez en avoir. , Bien loin d'etre content 
de ce que j'ai fait, je ne manquerai pas de 
prendre toutes les mefures qui dependent 
de moi, pour contribuer a la reuflite de vos 
pretentious, & parmi les inftruclions les plus 
eflentielles de Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires 
de la Reine, ils trpuveront dans chaque de- 
peche des ordres reiteres de fe joindre aux 
Miniftres du Roi Tres Chretienne en votre 
faveur. Je leur ai dit, & j'ai 1'honneur de 
vous en afiurer, qu'ils ne peu vent mieux 
faire leur cour a la Reine, qu'en appuyant 
vos inteYets de la maniere la plus vive & 
la plus efficace. 

Au reue, Monfieur, fi dans le pours dc 
cette affaire, vous trouvez a propos de me 



charger de quelque nouvel ordre, je vous 
iupplie de m'en ecrire fans ceremonie, & 
d'etre tres perfuade que le beau-frere de 
Monfieur de Torcy a tout le droit du monde 
de commander abfolument celui qui a i'hon- 
neur d'etre avec une veritable eftime, & trcs 
parfaitement, Monfieur, votre, &c. 

To the Queen. 

Whitehall, December the ift, 1712. 
BESIDES the foreign letters, whereof I 
have the honour to inclofe an extract, I re- 
ceived this morning one from the Earl of 
Stratford. It is dated at the Hague, Decem- 
ber 9th, N.S. and gives an account that he 
arrived on Saturday lail at that place'; that 
lie had feeri the Petitionary, the Prelident 
of the week, and the Ministers deputed by 
the States-General to him ; and that he had 
begun to execute your Majefty's commands, 
by making the overtures and declarations 
injoined, in the terms of his inftru<5tions. 
My Lord judges that thefe meafures are 
likely to have the efFecl which your Majefty 
propofes, and that the Dutch will fincerely 



endeavour to finim within three weeks, 
which time he mentioned as fufficient for 
them to take their refolutiou in. 

Count Sinzendorf, had likewife been with 
my Lord StrafFord, and appeared much more 
eaiy than he expected to have found him. 

Mr. Prior is this morning actually fet out 
on his journey, and I hope fully in ftrucled ; 
at leaft, none of thofe little lights I could 
give him are wanting. 

The Abbe Gaultier brought me juft now 
a letter from the Marquis de Monteleon *, 
and there is another for the Earl of Dart- 
mouth ; this Minifter is at Dover, and de- 
figns to arrive at ' London about noon on 
Thurfday ; by this particular account of his 
route, I cannot help thinking he expecls 
fome compliment at his arrival. I have ven- 
tured, therefore, to infmuatc to my Lord 
Dartmouth, by Mr. Lewis, that it might be 
proper to do by him as Monfierur de Torcy 
did by me, to fend a fervant to meet him, 
and as foon as he comes to his lodging to fee 
hun, and perhaps, iince he comes at that 
hour, to entertain him at dinner. 

The Hanoverian Envoy, Baron Grote, re- 

* Appointed AmbafTador from the Court of Spain. 



folved to come over in the yatch which 
carried my Lord StrafFord, fo that I expect 
every hour to hear of him. I am glad to 
find my Lord Privy Seal has a good opinion 
of him. 

I have no letter from Mr. Scot, but be- 
lieve he has at laft been able to meet King 
Auguftus, and hope the meflenger will re- 
turn with his letters lome day this week. 
J am, Madam, your Majefty's, &c. 

7<? the Quetn. 

Whitehall, December the 2d, 1712. 
SOON after I had lent away the letter 
which I did myfelf the honour yefterday to 
write to your Majefly, I received one from 
Prince Ragotiky, dated at Hull, and under 
the borrowed name of Count de Saaros. 
He is come to that port in a mip bound 
from Dantzick, and I find that the hints 
which Mr. Scot gave, according to your 
Majefty's order, have hindered him from 
any thoughts of paying his reipects to your 
Majefty *. I am this moment putting in ex- 

* Probably a fear of offending the Court of Vienna. 



ecution the commands which fome months 
ago your Majefty gave me, and hiring the 
lame fhip, or any other, to carry him to 
the coaft of France ; though the rules for 
obfervation of the quarantine, occafion fome 
difficulty herein. 

I was unwilling, without great reafon to 
believe the report true, to mention the 
plague's being got to Prelburg, in Hungary, 
and the mutting up fome houfes in Vienna ; 
but I fear there can be no room to doubt 
of the certainty of this bad news. The Em- 
peror, the Empreis- Dowager, and the Arch- 
duchefles. are removing to Prague, and other 

I have mentioned to my Lord Treafurer, 
what I took the liberty to mention to your 
Majefty about the reception of the Marquis 
de Monteleon, and my Lord thinks it mould 
by no means be omitted ; the rather, becaufe, 
your Majefly's intereil in point of com- 
merce, depends on the keeping up that good 
humour which the Spaniards feem now to 
be in. I believe my Lord Treafurer will 
write to my Lord Dartmouth, if he is not 
in London, on this fubjedh 

Brigadier Dureii is dead at Dunkirk, by 



which means that regiment which Mr. Ha- 
milton has been ib often wounded at the head 
of*, and which was taken from him to be 
given to young Godfrey, of whom Durell 
bought it, is become vacant. 

I inclofe a Licence in Blank for the fhip 
which muft carry the Prince Ragotlky, and 
Ibme other PafTes and Licences, for which 
the proper certificates have been produced* 
And am, with the humbleft refpecl, Madam, 

A Monfieur h Comte de Saaros -J-. 

De Whitehall, ce 3016 Decembre, 1712. 
J'AI reu Lundi pafle 1'honneur de votre 
lettre du 9me de ce mois, N.S. du port de 


* At Blenheim, and Schellenburgh. 

f In this age of great characters and memorable events, 
perhaps thofe of the Ragotfki family are not the leaft remarka- 
b'e. George Ragotfki, the father, Prince of Tranfylvania, 
alpired to the throne of Poland, and was oppofed by the Tur- 
kith army, headed by the Grand Vizier. With comparatively 
a handful of men, Ragotfki defeated the Turks.; but his army 
le( 7 e:iing, being unaffifted by any power in Europe, he was 
forced to give way, and his affairs declined ; a peace was 
propofed, which the Turk rejefted without the head of Ra- 
gitfki ;i driven to defpair, he attacked the Vizier's grand army 
with his few followers, and fell in the field of battle, in 1660. 
His widow married Count Tekeley, a Hungarian, and that 
country being opprefled and enllaved by the Auftrian govern- 
ment, revolted, and Tekeley headed the infurgents with various 

VOL. Hi. P fuccefs, 


Hull, & la Reine etant encore ail Chateau 
de Windfor, je n'ai pu vous repondre plutot 
qu'aujourd'hui. Je depeche ce foir les or- 
dre- de fa Majefte, taut au port de Hull 
qu'a celui de Harwich, pour vous faire trov,^ 
ver un batiment qui puifle vous tranfporter 
en France, fans aucun delai, en cas que le 
Capitaine du vaiiFean, fur lequel vous etea 
venu de Dantzick, ne foit pas content de 
faire ce petit voyage ; de plus le Sieur Ro- 
fenau etant parti d'ici il y a quelque terns, 

fuccefs, till he was forced to take refuge in Turkey, where 
he died. During this conteft, the widow of Ragotfki defended 
the caftle of Montgatz, for her hulband, with the bravery of a 
heroine, though at laft {he was forced to furrender, and one 
condition was, that her children by Ragotfki, fhould be fent 
to Vienna, to be educated by the Emperor. She then fol- 
lowed her Ivufband to Turkey, where, after his death, the 
penfion of the Ottoman Court was withdrawn, and (lie was 
reduced to become a vender of wine in an obfcure village, in 
Bulgaria, where fhe died in 1703. Her fon, Prince Ragotlkr 
(to whom this letter is addreiled) though educated in, and 
habituated to, the principles of Auflrian government, upon 
his return to Hungary, could not look upon the wretched and 
oppreHed ftate of his native country with the eye of indiffer- 
ence. The Hungarians revolted, and chofe Ragotfki their 
general, who with diversified fortune, fometimes carrying fire 
and fword to the walls of Vienna, and at others forced to 
retreat to the wilds of Hungary, kept up a conteft of doubtful 
iflue till 1711. The Hungarians then, as much tired of the 
conteft as the Emperor, agreed to terms propofed by the 
latter; but thefe articles being either unequal to Ragotfki's 
ambition, or in his judgment not fufficient for the fecurity 
and welfare of his country, he left Hungary, and is at the time 
of this letter retiring to the Court of France. 


je vous renvoye la lettre que vous m'avez 
addreffe pour lui. , 

Je vous iouhaite, Monfieur, un heureux 
paflage, & je vous fupplie de croire que je 
fuis, tres parfaitement, Monfieur, &c. 

A Monfsigneur le Due de Savoye. 


De Whitehall, ce 4me D^cembrej V.S* 

JE fuis, je 1'avoue, au comble de T mes 
fouhaits, puifque votre AltefTe Royale a 
daignee temoigner qu'elle eft contente de 
ma conduite, &: 1'hoiineur qu'elle vient de 
me faire par fa lettre du i6me du mois 
d'Oclobre, que Monfieur de Mellarede m'a 
rendu, rempliroit une ambition beaucoup 
plus demefuree que la mienne ; la meilleuj-e 
maniere dont je pourrai repondre a tant de 
grace & tant de bonte, fera de continuer 
avec le meme zele qui m'a toujours anime 
a travailler pour les interets du Prince du 
monde qui merite le plus a regner. 

Votre AltefTe Royale fera fans doute in- 
forme, par le rapport de fon Miniftre, com- 
bien la Reine eft difpofee a lui faire reuffir 
toutes fes pretenfions. 

P ^ H 


II n'v a pas, que je fache, un feule pro- 
pofition, dans toutes les representations de 
Moniieur de Mallarede, a laquelle fa Ma- 
jefte n'ait confenti ; & j'ai 1'honneur d'af- 
fnrer votre Alteffe Roy ale, que les inftruc- 
tions tant de Mefiieurs les Plenipotentiaires 
que du Due de Shrewfbury, qui doit aller en 
peu de jours a la Cour de France, font con- 
formes a ce qu'elle fouhaite, & draftees 
meme fur les mernoires de fes Miniflres. 

Je ne dois pas finir cette lettre, fans 
marquer a votre AltelTe Ro) ? ale la vive re- 
connoiiTance dont je flu's penetree de ce 
qu'elle a bien voulu a ma priere, accorder 
1'Abbaye d'Abondance a Monfieur 1'Abbe dc 

Comme les obligations que je vous dois, 
Monfeigneur, font au-denus de toute expref- 
fion, je me bornerai a aflurer votre Alteffe 
Royale que moa attachement tres refpec- 
tueux ne finira qu'avec ma vie, & que parmi 
ceux qui out le bonheur d'etre fes fujets, il 
n'y a perfonne qui lui foit plus devoue que, 
Monfeigneur, de votre Alteffe Royale, le 
trcs humble, tres ndelle, & tres obeilTant 


De Monfieur de Torcy. 

A Verfailles, le lome Decembre, 1712. 

APRES vous avoir fatigue, Monfieur, 
(Tune de mes lettres, je reponds a celle que 
vous m'avez fait 1'honaeur de m'ecrire de 
votre main, & que j'ai recu par La Vigne. 
Vous me faites beaucoup de plaifir d'ap- 
prouver mon impatience ; il m'eut etc im- 
poflible de m'en corriger, quand meme vous 
1'auriez condamnee, & je ferois bien fache 
de conferver uii defaut que vous me re- 

Un de ceux de la nation Francoife eft 
d'etre vive & impatiente, & quand les re- 
ponfes fur une affaire auffi importante que 
celle de la paix tardent au gre du public, il 
s'eleve de voix fans nombre centre ceux 
qu'il croit avoir part a la conduirei Qiiel- 
quefois auffi Tinteret particulier appuyc le 
cenfure du public, & je vous aflure, qu'il y 
a des momens ou le Stoicien le plus parfait 
auroit peine a garder fa tranquillite. Enfin, 
my Lord, fi nous ne fommes pas obliges ici 
a menager les elprits, nous trouvons au 
moins, & nous eprouvons tons les jours, 
que malgrc la difference des nations, tous les 
P 3 horn mes 


hommes fe relfemblent fort dans leur ma? 
mere de penfer. Continuez done, je vou$ 
fupplie, a ne pas condamner 1'impatience 
que je vous fait paroitre, quoique je fois 
convaincu que vous ne perdez pas un mo- 
ment a mettre la derniere main a Tou- 
vrage : fans vos foins il ne feroit pas en 
1'etat ou nous le voyons. 

J'efpere que le Comte de StrafFord di- 
fipera toutes les intrigues formees pour en 
empecher la conclufion, & qu'enfin il amor- 
tera 1'efprit guerrier qui regne en Hollande. 
II paroit qu'on s'y flattoit encore de retenir 
Monfieur le Due de Savoye dans les interets 
de la Maifon d'Autriche. On lui promettoit 
des offices puifTans & furs pour faire epoufer 
au Prince de Piemont Tamee des Archi- 
duchelTes, & comme le langage change fui- 
vant les conjondtures, on pretend que Mon- 
fieur le Penfionnaire fe feroit fort que la 
proportion feroit appuyee par la France & 
par la Grande Bretagne. Vous nraflurez, 
Monfieur, qu'il n'y a pas lieu de faire at- 
tention a de pareils projets, ainfi je fuis per- 
fuade que Monfieur le Due de Savoye eft 
trop eclaire pour ajouter foi aux infmuations 
des Miniftres Imperiaux foutenues meme de 



celles des Hollanders, & pour s'expofer a 
perdre le fruit de tout ce que la Reine a 
fait pour lui. 

Vous favez, Monlieur, quelle eft la voix 
de retraite que la Cour de Vienne prepare 
a Moniieur de Staremberg, & que regar- 
dant vos vaiffeaux a-peu-pres comme le Roi 
de Perfe, on veut qu'il s'embarque, lui & fes 
dix-mille, fur les fregates que Moniieur 
Heimes fait equiper a Amfterdam. On me- 
nace deja Monfieur le Due de Savoye du 
fejour que ces troupes, tranfportees de Cata- 
logue en Italie, feront dans le Milane's. 

II eft en verfte de 1'interet public, de la 
juftice, & du bien de la paix, que le Roi, de 
concert avec la Reine, prennent enfemble 
des mefures pour tirer les Princes de i'ltalie 
de roppreffion ou les Allemands les tiennent. 
A la verite, la conduite de ces Princes ne 
merite pas de grands egards de la part de la 
France, mais il faut avoir compadion de 
leur foibleire, & les preferver de 1'avidite de 
ceux qui veulent tout devorer. 

II fait de terns fi facheux que je ferai en 

peine de Matthieu, jufqu'a ce que je le voie ; 

puifqu'il ne doit pas etre Jpendu, je feroit 

bien fache qu'il fut noye ; quand fon Ex- 

P 4 cellence 


cellence fera ici, on attendra plus tranquille- 
ment I'AmbafTadeur que vous fubflituerez 
au Due d'Hamilton. La mort de ce dernier 
eft bien malheureufe ; & c'eft un grand 
avantage pour un royaume, que de pouvoir 
en bannir la fureur de ces combats ou pe- 
riffent ceux qui peuvent quelquefois fervir 
tres utilement Tetat. 

Je compte que vous aurez incelTamment 
a Londres le Marquis de Monteleon ; je 1'ai 
prefle de s'y rendre, parce que j'efpere que 
vous pourrez aplanir avec lui les difficultes 
que my Lord Lexington trouvera a traiter 
avec les Efpagnols. La diligence n'ell pas 
le caralere de la nation, & fouvent 1'igno- 
ranee augmente encore fa lenteur naturelle. 
Monteleon a de 1'efprit 6c de bonnes inten- 
tions, & j'efpere que vous trouverez qu'il 
facilitera tout ce qui aura pu faire quelque 
peine a Madrid, II me refte a vous remer- 
cier, my Lord, de Tarticle de votre lettre qui 
regarde le Due de St. Pierre ; quoique je fois 
tres fenfible a fes interets, j'avoueque je le 
fuis encore d'avantage a cette marque de 
rhonneur de votre amitie, & que rien ne me 
toucheroit d'avantage que de pouvoir vous 
temoigner a quel point je refTens la nouvelie 



preuve que vous voulez bien m'en donner. 
La continuation de vos bons offices fera tres 
neceiTaire a Monfieur de St. Pierre, & pour 
vous informer plus particulierement de fes 
juries demandes, permettez-moi, my Lord, 
de vous en envoyer un memoire imprime 
que je recois de lui. 

Je me fuis acquitte de vos ordres a Tegard 
de Monfieur le Due d'Aumont, & je lui ai 
lu 1'article de votre lettre qui le regarde. II 
aura bientot le plaifir de vous remercier lui- 
meme de 1'interet que vous avez pris a la 
grace que le Roi a voulu lui faire avant font 

Pour moi, Monfieur, je trouverai autant 
de charmes au vifage de bois qu'a Madame 
de Parabefe, quand j'apprendrai par lui de 
vos nouvelles. Je n'aurois peut-etre pas ofe 
me fervir de cette honorable epithete, fije 
ne le croyois prefentement en deya de la mer, 
& par confequent hors d'etat de ma lettre. 
Je ne voudrois pas qu'il cut aucune reproche 
a me faire a fon arrivee, car il trouveroit le 
moyen de s'en venger. Je fuis, avec un at- 
tachement, &c. 




J'ecrivis, il y a quelques jours, a 1'Abbe, ce 
que je penfois fur la fantaifie qui lui eft venu 
d'etre eveque. Les hommes demandent fou- 
vent a Dieu ce qui feroit leur perte, & il 
rejette les VCEUX de ceux qu'il aime. II ne 
faut pas que celui qui a tant travaille au re- 
pos public, foit mis dans une place ou il feroit 
tourmente toute fa vie. Et en verite, my 
Lord, ce que les amis de 1'Abbe Gaultier 
doivent fouhaiter 6c demander pour lui, eft 
une bonne abbaye dont il puifle a fon aife 
toucher & manger les revenus, fans etre 
oblige de s'embarraiTer des foins d'un diocefe 
tel principalement que celui de Tournay, ou 
il auroit a menager difFerentes puiflances, & 
etre toujours expofe a des embarras fans nom- 
bre & fans fin, Le Roi eft tres-bien difpofe 
en fa faveur, & certainement une abbaye con 
liderable le lui manquera bien. 

J)e Monjieitr de T^orcy. 
A Verfailles, ce lime Decembre, 1712. 

JE re9ois, Monfieur, avec beaucoup de 
plaifir, les aflurances que vous me donnez 
par votre lettre du 2ime Novembre . . .2me 
Pecembre, d'une prochaine conclufion de la 



paix. Quand je ne ferois pas ain(i difpofe que 
je le fuis a vous croire, il ne feroit pas permis, 
,ce me femble, de douter du fucces d'une ne"- 
gociation dont le Roi & la Reine de la Grande 
Bretagne preffent ^galement la fin par les, 
moyens les plus capables de 1'avancer. 

J'efpere done, Monfieur, que les premieres 
nouvelles d'Hollande, apres 1'arrivee de Mon- 
fieur le Comte de StrafFord, apprendront que 
les Hollandois auront enfin cede a la fermite 
de fa Majefte Britannique, & fi la ca bale des 
guerriers engageoit cette Republique a pren- 
dre autre parti, rien ne feroit plus capable 
de ramener enfin les Hollandois a ia raiion, & 
a leurs veritables interets, que la reiblution 
que la Reine a prife de figner un traite parti- 
culier avec le Roi & avec le Roi d'Efpagnc 
ou feroient admis ceux des allies de la Majefte 
Britannique qui voudroient y entrer. 

Vous avez raiion, Monfieur, a croire que 
le Roi eft content de cette refolution, & vous 
avez yu depuis le commencement de la nego- 
ciation que fa Adajefte a toujours agi comme 
perfuade que les effets repondroient ainfi qu'ils 
ont repondu, parfaitement a la confiance en- 
tiere qu'elle a temoignee a fa Majefte Britan- 



C'eft avec plaifir, Monfieur, que le Roi a 
vu ce que vous m'annoncez en general des 
ordres que Monfieur Prior doit avoir au fujet 
des interets de Monfieur I'Electeur de Ba- 
viere. La Reine de la Grande Bretagne a 
tant fait pour Monfeigneur le Due de Sa- 
voye, qu'elle peut aifement comprendre par 
elle-meme a quel point fa Majefte s'intereiTe 
a 1'etat de 1'Electeur, 6c a lui procurer un 
dedommagement de fes pertes. Permettez- 
rnoi, Monfieur, de ne pas convenir entiere- 
ment de ce que vous marquez a cette occa- 
fion au fujet de Tournay, car il eft vrai, & je 
puis vous en aflurer, que le Roi lui auroit 
volontiers cede cette place pour augmenter 
fon dedommagement. Si Monlieur le Due 
de Savoye borne fes pretenfions aux offres que 
le Roi lui a faits, toutes les difficultes fur la 
barriere qne ce Prince demande du cote de la 
France font aplanies, car il ne refte plus que 
la libertd qu'il fouhaite avoir de fortifier; 6c 
fa Majefle veut bten la lui accorder, a la con- 
fideration de la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, 
pourvu qu'il s'engage en meme-tems a s'eii 
tenir au traite de Turin de 1696, fur 1'article 
de Pignerole, & a laiffer cette place enfermee 



d'une fimple muraille, fans pouvoir en relever 
les fortifications. 

Mais vous me remettez, Monfieur, a ce quo. 
Alonlieur Prior eft charge de dire fur 1'article 
de Moniieur le Due de Savoye, ainii je 1'at- 
tends pour en parler, auffi-bien que pour con- 
venir avec lui des deux difficultes que vous 
trouvez encore dans les projets de traites 
drefles a Utrecht. J'efpere qu'il arrivera fi 
bien inftruit des intentions de la Reine, que 
Ton conviendra facilement des expediens a 
prendre pour etablir incefTamment 1'union par- 
faite entre les Plenipotentiaires du Roi, 6c ceux 
de la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, aux con- 
ferences d' Utrecht. % 

Ainfi, Monfieur, vous aurez le plaifir de 
voir votre jugement confirme, & de nous 
trouver bientot au jour de la conclufion d'une 
bonne paix qui doit faire le bonheur de tant 
de peuples. 

Comme il faut en attendant eviter as^ec foin 
que ceux qui depuis quatre mois ne fe regar- 
dent plus comme ennemis, ne recommencent 
entr'eux des actes d'hoftilites, le Roi juge qu'il 
n'y a pas un moment de terns a perdre a fairc 
publier fon ordonnance pour la prolongation 
de la fufpenfion d'armes, qui expire, comme 



Vous le favez, Monfieur, le 22me de ce mois; 
Je vous en vole le projet de cette ordonnance, 
& je puis encore recevoir votre reponfe paf 
le courier que je vous depeche, avant que le 
terme foit expire. Je vous fupplie done de 
me faire favoir, fi ce projet fera conforme aux 
fentimens de la Reine, & fa Majefte Britan- 
nique fera faire de fon cote une femblable 
proclamation. II faudroit dans les regies 
qu'elle fut preceded d'une convention fignee 
au nom & en vertu des pouvoirs du Roi & de 
ceux de la Reine de la Grande Bretagne. Si 
Monfieur le Due d'Aumont etoit prefente- 
ment a Londres, il pourroit, Monfieur, figner 
cette convention avec vous, ou bienje la iig- 
nerois avec Monfieur Prior, s'il etoit ici j 
mais 1'ordonnance & la proclamation fup- 
poferont la chofe faite, 6c I'effentiel eft de 
faire connoitre la volonte du Roi & celle de 
lar Reine, fur la continuation de la fufpenfion* 
- On peut encore faire figner a Utrecht, par 
Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires, la continuation 
de la fufpenfion jufqu'a la paix. Le Roi 1'or- 
donner aux fiens & la chofe fera bientot con- 
clue, fi ceux de la Reine de la Grande Bre- 
tagne ont les memes ordres. Pour eviter ce- 
pendant tout inconvenient par mer, le Roi fait 
5 ecrire 


ecrire dans les ports, que la fufpeniion fera 
prolongee. Voila, Monfieur, toutes les pre- 
cautions que Ton peut prendre. 

Monfieur le Due d'Aumont a pris conge 
du Roi, il partira de Paris Jeudi prochain, 6c 
comme il efpere que la Reine voudra bien lui 
cnvoyer un de fes yatchs a Calais, il vous 
depechera un courier pour vous informer pre- 
cifement, Monfieur, du jour qu'il pourra s'y 

Le Roi a ete bien fache d'apprendre la mal- 
heureufe avanture du Due d'Hamilton : on 
nomme encore incertainement celui qui doit 
venir ici en fa place, mais fa Majefle eft biett 
perfuadde qu'un fujet nomme par la Reine 
n'aura rien de plus a cceur, que de fortifier 
rintelligence & 1'union qu'une bonne paix doit 
bien tot retablir. Je vous fupplie de croire 
que je fuis, Monfieur, votre, &c. 


De Monfieur de Torcy. 

A Verfaiiies, le 14016 Decembre, 1712. 
J' AI re9u par un courier expres la lettre que 
vous m'avez fait 1'honneur de m'ecrire le 
Novembre , . . yme Decembre, avec 


I'a&e double figne de vous, que vous m'aveZ 
envoye, pour prolonger pendant quatre mois 
encore la fufpenlion d'armes. Je 1'ai figne par 
ordre du Roi, & fa Mnjefte m'a commande 
de vous rerivoyer un des doubles, comme je le 
fais, Moniieur, par le meme courier. La 
publication fervira de ratification, aiufi je crois 
qu'il eft inutile d'en expedier de part & d'au- 
tre. J'efpere auffi qu'une bonne paix fera 
bientct cefTer la neceffite de ces derniers actes, 
& comme Moniieur le Comte de Strafford eft 
arrive a Utrecht, il n'y a pas lieu de douter 
qu'on ne voie inceflamment 1'efFet des declara- 
tions, qu'il aura faites par ordre de la Reine. 

Je vous envoie, comme vous le fouhaitez, 
les copies des renonciations faites a la cou- 
ronne d'Efpagne, par Monfeigneur le Due de 
Berry, & par Monfeigneur le Due d'Orleans. 
Les modeles en ont ete drefTes a Madrid, & 
comme ils avoient ete communiques a Mon- 
fieur le Comte de Lexington, je ne doutois 
pas, Monfieur, qu'il ne les cut envoyes a fa 
Majefte Britannique. Vous trouverez que 
les termes n'en font pas moins forts que ceux 
de la renonciation du Roi d'Efpagne, & que 
les memes exprellions ont ete employees dans 
les endroits ou elles etoient necefTaires. 

3 Le 


Le feul afte qui refte a faire eft celui des 
lettres patentes que le Roi enverra dans fes 
Parlemens, pour y faire enregitrer la renonci- 
ation du Roi d'Efpagne. Comme il a paru 
neceflaire d'attendre qu'il y cut ici quelqu'un 
-de la part de la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, 
avant que d'expedier ces lettres, je ne man- 
querai pas de vous en envoyer auffi la copie, 
auflitot que Monfieur Prior fera arrive, s'il 
precede, com me je le crois, 1'arrivee de Mon- 
fieur le Due de Shrewfbury. 

La Reine ne pouvoit faire choix d J un Am- 
baffadeur plus diftingue par fon rang & par 
fes qualites perfonelles, & cette nomination a 
etc d'autant plus agreable au Roi que fa Ma- 
jefte fait qu'il a une parfaite connoiflance de 
tout ce qui s'eft pa-ffe pendant le cours de la 
negociation, dont j'efpere que nous verrons 
bientot le parfait accomplirTement. Je vous 

fupplie de croire, &c. 


A Monfieur de Torcy. 
De Whitehall, ce 13016 Decemb re, V.S. 1712. 
LE courier de 1' Abbe Gaultier m'ayant ap- 
porte 1'ade pour la prolongation de la fufpen- 
{ion d'armes, elle a ete, Monfieur, fans perte 
VOL. III. de. 


de terns, publiee felon nos formes, par ordrc 
de la Reine dans fon confeil. 

Matthieu fera prefentement arrive aupres de 
vous, le Due de Shrewfbury s'embarque de- 
main, & 1'Abbe Gaultier fe donne 1'honneur 
de vous ecrire fur deux articles que vous tou- 
chez dans une de vos lettres, & qui deman- 
dent de 1'eclairciilement ; ainfi, Monfieur, je 
ierois fort deraifonnable fi j'abufois de votre 
patience par la longueur de celle-ci. 

Le Marquis de Monteleon repond afllire- 
ment au caradtere que vous m'avez donrie de 
]ui, il paroit difpofe a eviter des longueurs 
qui dans la conjondture prefente font danger- 
eufes. J'efpere que dans peu de jours nous 
recevrons des lettres du commhTaire que la 
Reine a envoye il y a quelque terns, pour 
expliquer, avec les Minifters du Roi d'Ef- 
pagne, de certains articles qui regardent le 
commerce ; &c je fuis perfuade que dans deux 
conferences avec le Due de Shrewfbury vous 
leverez tous les autres obftacles a la conclu- 
fion de la paix, qui, graces a Dieu ! font en 
tres petit nombre, & ne font pas de la der- 
niere confequence. 

Je me fuis donne 1'honneur d'ecrire a Mon- 
fieur le Due de St. Pierre, & je me flatte que 



vous etes perfuade, Monfieur, que je ne ne- 
gligerai rien de tout ce qui depend de moi 
pour 1'avancement de fes interets ; il fuffit 
qu'il vous appartienne pour que je fois devoue 
a fon fervice. 

Je vous avoue, Monfieur, que je fuis en- 
tierement de vetre opinion a 1'egard de 1'Abbe 
Gaultier, qui eft fort heureux d'avoir un pa- 
tron tel que vous 1'etes. 

Parmi toute la joie qu'un honn6te homme 
doit fentir a 1'approche de la paix, j'ai la mor- 
tification de confiderer que j'aurai rarement 
le pretexte de vous ecrire j ne m'oubliez pour- 
tan t pas, Monfieur, mais confervez quelque 
amitie pour un homme qui a pour vous la 
plus haute eftime, & 1'amite la plus tendre, 
&: qui fera toute fa vie, votre, &c. B. 

A Monfieur de 

De Whitehall, ce i6me Decembre, V.S. 1712. 
LE Baron de Walef * perfiftant dans fon 
deilein de vouloir pafler en France, je n'ai pu 

* Walef commanded the dragoons of Liege, in Flanders, 
in the Queen's pay. Upon the feparation of the Britifti forces 
from the combined army, Walef was fingular in following 
the Duke of Ormond, for the reft of our mercenaries fol- 
lowed Eugene ; this conduct probably offended his matter, 
and he was now on his way to France, to folicit a command 
under Louis XIV 

2 m 


me difpenfer de vous ecrire cette lettre, & 
de vous afiurer que c'efl un officier d'un me- 
rite diftingue. 

J'ajouterai qu'il eft beaucoup de mes amis, 
& que je ferois ravi de favoir qu'il etoit aflez 
heureux de vous avoir pour fon protedeur. 

Je fuis, &c. 


From Mr.Przr*. 

Verfailles, December ly-aSth, 1712. 

I ARRIVED at Paris the 7-1 8th, Sun- 
day, having gone the day before about four 
leagues out of my way to meet the Duke 
d'Aumont, who was then on his way to 
England ; I thought my fo doing mowed 
refpecl to a man of his quality, and I hope 
the converfation I had with him may fet 
him right, as to fome company that may 
probably offer themfelves to him upon his 
arrival at London. 

I went on Monday to Verfailles, and im- 
mediately found a gentleman with a compli- 

* This letter was printed in Lord Hardwicke's Colle&ion. 

i ment 


meat from Monfieur de Torcy, how much 
he longed to fee me, &c. which as fo.iu 
as he did, he fell upon the topic of Tour- 
nay, and the Elector of Bavaria ; he will 
not allow that Prince's intereft to be fuffi- 
cicntly fecured, iince he is only to have a 
temporary and conditional proviflon allowed 
to him, in thofe provinces of which the States 
are in the mean time to be the real matters ; 
who, notwithstanding what is now ftipulated 
for him, may turn him out at their pleafure, 
except fome guaranty is formed in his be- 
half to put it out of their power, as it may 
be in their will, to hurt him ; not but that, 
all this while, the Court of France is very 
well pleafed with what the Queen has done, 
but that they wifh me would do more, and 
that fome farther temperament may eafily 
be found to fecure the States-General from 
any appreheniions they may lie under, from 
the Elector's being too near them, and'fkreen 
that Prince's honour a little from being, as 
Monfieur de Torcy calls it, under Dutch 
guards *. 

I need not tell your arguments, for I had 

* The Ele6lor of Bavaria waa to be Governor of Flanders, 
where the tuwnj were garrilbned by the Dutch, 

Q, 3 them 


them from yon, rny Lord, which I nfed to 
Monfieur de Torcy upon this occafion; in 
lhort,the whole matter lies fo, that the peace 
may go on upon it, which is the point we 
fought, and the Queen may do more for this 
Prince, as her intereft and generofity per- 
fuade ; Count Monoftrole * faw Monfieur 
de Torcy the fame night, paid me a vifit the 
next morning, and exprefTed in the civileft 
terms imaginable the great obligations his 
Matter has tc her Majefty, but ftill infilling, 
that me is the arbitrefs of Europe, and may, 
as me pleafes, relieve a Prince who will have 
an eternal ienfe of her goodnefs : Monoftrole 
went the fame clay to Compeigne, to the 
Eleclar, and you will hear more of him yet 
before 1 clofe my letter. 

The next morning I had an audience of the 
King, in which I repeated to him (according 
to my inftruclions) the .defire her Majefty 
had, that the negociation, which had been 
too long obuTuded, ihould be brought to a 
fpeedy conclufion ; and that her Majefty had 
given fuch orders to her Plenipotentiaries at^ 
Utrecht, as might moft effeaually oblige the' 
States-General without delay to enter into 

* The Bavarian Envoy. 

2 her 


her meafures, and fuch as might at the fame 
time moft properly conduce to favour the 
Elector of Bavaria's intereft as his Majefty 
defired. He interrupted me, and faid, he 
hoped the giving up of Tournay would have 
that effect, and that her Majefty could not 
oblige him more in any thing ; that he de- 
fired as much as poflible the conclusion of 
the peace, and a good correfpondence be- 
tween the nations, and did, and would do 
all he could to obtain it, of which he faid 
I fhould aflure her Majefty, and return his 
thanks to her for the letter quelle a eu la 
bonte de mecr'tre. 

I went on to fay, there remained between 
their Majefties, fome bounds in North Ame- 
rica to be regulated, and fome general points 
to be fettled, upon which a treaty of com- 
merce might be founded ; he anfwered, that 
his Minifters had received his full orders 
upon thofe heads ; as to what I added, that 
her Majefty had named the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury her Amballador for France, he anfwer- 
ed, that the Queen had done him a great 
pleafure in naming a p'erfbn of the merit 
and quality of that Lord. 

I have gone over the other points of my 

inftructions with Moniieur de Torcy, as to 

Q.4 the 

232 TTERS AN0 

the difficulties from V oncerninj 

tenure of Sicily, and its. remaining am 
feudatory to St 

I have for anlwer, that the Aloft Chriltian 
Kinc: understands that the ccilion of that 


kingdom is agreed, and mall be executed in 
the lenfe in which her Majefty has under- 
ftood it, and to be clogged with no other 
reftriction than that of its being neither 
alienated nor changed without the content 
of Spain, and that the Marquis de Monte* 
Icon has full pov, - \ kin:;- 1'hili 

declare himiclf upon that point to her Ma- 
jeity*s fatisfaclion j of this, I believe, \our 
JLordlhip will be latistied before vou receive 
my letter, for I met the Marquis de Mon- 
teleon near Dover, and he told me the lub- 
ftance of what I now write to you. 

As to the barrier infilled upon by the 
Duke of Savoy, Monfieur de Torcy refers me 
to his laft letter to your Lordfhip, in which 
he plainly lays, that the whole affair is ad- 
jufted as much as ever it will be ; that his 
Royal Highnefs has liberty to fortify his 
frontier, upon the private a durance given 
that he will not fortify Pignerol ; that he 
has more on the fide of France than he has 
hud for 140 years part, and that what he 



now afks is the ancient domain of the Crown; 
that he has more reafon to be fatisfied than 
any Prince in the war, and that the King 
hopes he will not fatigue the Queen any far- 
ther, after her having obtained iuch vaft ac- 
quifitions for him. 

The Cardinal de Tremouille writes from 
Rome to this Court, that 1 500 Germansjire 
ready to embark at Naples, in pretence for 
Sardinia, but in reality for Sicily ; this is a 
matter which nearly regards the Duke of 
Savoy, and is worth our immediate notice ; 
the mofl expeditious way of fending any orders, 
hereupon to our fleet, your Lordmip knows, 
will be through this kingdom to Genoa. 

As to the intercfts of the Duke of Lorrain 
which I told Montieur de Torcy the Queen- 
had ordered me to mention here, as (he had 
inftrucled her Plenipotentiaries to fuftain 
them at Utrecht, I have, as favourable an 
anfwer as I could hope j I fend your Lord 
(hip inclofed the memorial I gave, and the 
anfwer (i) ; I mall impart it to the Minifter 


(i) " Rfyonfe de Monjieur de " Le Due de Lonaine a rcprl- 
Torcj. fentt a la Reine de la CraiuU 


" T>e Rui rcndra a Monfionr * Ciu'il eft en droit de ren- 
te Due d Lvnuinc Us Heux trcr dans les licux & places de 
dout Lorrair.s 


of that Prince here, that he may plead the 
particularities of his Mailer's pretenfions. 

I come to our own point, fo long difcufT- 
ed and fo very much embroiled ; I mean 
thatof Newfoundland. 

The project of a treaty with France, which 
I brought over, was received from the Ple- 
nipotentiaries the 8th April, 1712, as I find 
upon the indorfement; Monfieur de Torcy 
fhows me another plan, entitled, Projet pro- 
fofe par rAngleterre, received from their 
Plenipotentiaries the 8th Auguft, 1712. I 
fend your Lordfhip a tranfcript of the differ- 

dont fa Majefte s'eft mile en Lorraine que la France a oc- 
polleflion, par convenance, & cupees a I'occafion de cette pre- 
pour la furete de la frontiere fente guerre, pour fa conve- 
de Ion royaume, pendant la nance particuliere j comme 
prefente guerre. auffi, 

" Sa Majefte executera les " De recouvrir la poffeffion 
conditions du traite de Rjfwick des places qui doivent lui etre 
qui regardent ce Prince. rendues par le traite de Ryf. 


" II peut faire donner les " Les particularites des pre- 

mcmoires au Roi par .fon En- tentionsde Monfeigneur le Due 

voye ici, ou bien aux Pleni- de Lorraine doivent etre ajuf- 

potentiaires de la Majefte a tees aux conferences generates 

Utrecht." ^ Utrecht ; fa Majefte de la 

Grande Bretagne s'attend eh 

mf^me-tems que les Plenipo- 

tentiaires de fa Majefte Tres 

Chr6tienne foient pourvus des 

ordres favorables aux juftes de- 

mandes de ce Prince, c'eft ce 

qu'elle a lieu d'efperer de 1'^- 

" A Verfailles, ce aSme quite & de la generofite de fa 
Decembre, 17 1 2." Majefte Tres Chretienne." 



ent articles of thefe two projects (2 & 3) 
relating to Newfoundland, as likewife an 


(2) " Pro] eft of a treaty with France, received from the Plenipoten- 

tiaries, in letter, %th April, 1712. 

" Art. n. Dominus Rex Chriftianiffimus eodem quo pacii 
praefentis rati-habitiones commutabuntur die, Dom. Reg.' Mag. 
Brit. Literal, Tabulafve folennes, & authenticas tradendas cura- 
bit, quarum vigore infulam St. Chriftophori, ut & infulam 
Terras Novae, una cum Placentia urbe, & fortalitio coeterifque 
infulis man circumfluo Jitis* Acadiam pariter, ut & Portus Regij 
Urbem, alias Annapolin Regiam diftam, caeteraque omnia in 
iitis regionibus, quae ab iifdam terns, & infulis pendent, una 
cum earundem Inlula rum, terrarum, & locorum dominio^ 
proprietate, poffeffione, & quocunque jure, five per pafta, five 
alio modo quaefito, quod Rex Chrift. corona Gallias aut ejuf- 
deni lubditi quicunque ad didlas infulas haftenus habuerunt 
aut habere fe exiftimarunt, Reginae Magnae Brit, ejufdemque 
coronae in perpetuum cedi conftabit & transferri, idque tam 
"amplis modo & forma, ut Regis Chrift. fubditis prohibitum in 
pofterum fit, in diclis infulis &: terris adjacentibus loca aliqua 
munire aut etiam fedem figere, aut in earundem maribus, finu- 
bus aliifve locis pifcaturam exercere f." 

(3) " Projet propofe par V Anghterre, rcfu du Plenipolentiaires le 

Sme d'Awt, 1712. 

** Art. 12. Quandoquidem infula Terrae Novse, una cum 
parvulis eidem proximo adjacentibus infulis, quotquot ibidem 
cxiftunt, per coronam Magnae Britanniae pofTefla olim fuerunt, 
prout nunc temporis maxima ex parte poffidentur conventum 
igitur eft quod eadem infula de Terra Nova, unu cum prse- 
diftis parvulis infulis eidem adjacentibus, juris Britannic! in 
pofterum omnino erit. Eumque in finem Piacentia urbs Sc 
tortalitium, una cum tormentis Sc apparatu Uellico ibidem 
exiftentibus, per Regem Chrift. commiflionem eS in parte 
a Regina Magnae Britanniae habentibus intra menfes a cdm- 


* Et infulis adjacentibus. 

t Ad majorem hujus articuli illuftrationem, conventum eft quod 
infula Cap Bmon ifta Gallici juris in pofterum erit, una cum 
facilitate locum aliquem in cadcm inful^ pro lubitu muniendi, conven- 
tum fimiluer eft qucd jus pifcaturs, pifcefque in terra ficcandi quo in maribus ut & infula de Terra Nova olim, & hadtcnus gavifi 
funt iil'dem in pofterum abfque omni moleftia mancbir. 


extrad offome letters (4 & 5) from our Ple- 
nipotentiaries to your Lordlhip, and amongft 


mutatis hujus tr?c"latus reftihabitionem tabulis, aux citius fi 
fieri poteir, cedentur & tradentur, neque a.iquid juris ad dic- 
tam infulam aut infulas, uliamve illius aut earundem partem, 
Rex Chrifi. haeredes ejus aut fucceflbres aut fubditi aliqui 
Gallici, ullo de hinc tempore in pofterum fibi vindicabunt. 
Pifcatura autem circa diclam infulam & libertas ibidem pifces 
exficcandi ita flaruatur, ut alibi quam in regione di&ce infills; 
vulgo le Petit Norci, iita libertate fubditi Gaiiici uti Si gaudere 
non debeant. Ad majorem hujus articuli illuftrationem con- 
ventum eft quod infula Cap Breton difla Gallici juris in pdftfe- 
rum erit una cum facultate locum aliquein in eadem inluia pro 
lubitu muniendi. Conventum fimiliter erit quod jus pilca- 
turse, pifcefque in terras ficcandi, quo Galli in maribus, ut 
& infula de Terra Nova olim & haclenus gavifi. funt iifdem 
in pofterum abfque omni moleftia manebit*." 

(4) Extrafl of a letter from the Lords Phnipctenttaries to Mr, 
Sjcfelaiy St. Jobr^ dated at Utrecht, the %tb of /1/ri!) 1712. 

*' FOR their infifting on Cape Breton, with liberty to make 
fettlements there, they urge the neceflity of their navigation 
to Quebec, in \vhich ' fnips muft oft'times need fupplies. 
They fay that ifland was yielded to them in the year 1632, 
and has ever fince continued theirs ; and that they do not merf- 
tion it now in order to acquire a new right, but only to avoid 

" They demand that the fort of Placentia be razed, that it 
may not obftruft their right of fifliing in thofe parts. We 
firmly sdhere to our demand; and Monfieur Gauitier fays, 
that in that cafe, it muft be yielded to us undemolifned. Their 
right of fifhing they think will not be difputed, and declare 
they can never part with it." 

(5) Extrafl of a letter fr cm the Lords Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht 

to Lord Boli.igbroke, Augufi qth, 1712. 
14 THEY infift upon the right to fifli and dry, as formerly ; 
and ftiil urge the paper figned by Monfieur Mefnager, whereby 
it is referved, but are willing the parts and places where they 
pretend to enjoy that liberty be determined. They feem not 
averfe to be excluded from fiflring in the Bay of Placentia, 


* This part of the article contradidts the former. 


your's I prefume you will find others of the 
fame tenour ; I have likewife read over with 
Moiifieur de Torcy, what their Plenipoten- 
tiaries have writ upon the fame fubjecl:. In 
the whole tranfaclion, I find a good deal of 
brouillon ; and by the exprefs which came 
three days fince from Utrecht, it is evident 
they never will agree till refpeclive orders 
are fent for their fo doing, from hence and 
from Whitehall. 

After long and four, but civil, difcourfes 
upon this point, Monfieur de Torcy and Def- 
marais, ftill infifted upon their undoubted and 
never-yielded right to Cape Breton, in which 
I am afraid they are too well founded, and the 
latter having flill his eye upon their Chapeau- 


owning that when that place is in our hands, it would occa- 
iion mifunderftanding if their people fhoiild filh in that bay. 

" On the other fide, they demand that liberty, not only on 
the Petit Nord, but alfo on the coaft called in their maps 
Chapeau-rouge, ftretching from the Bay of Placentia towards 
that of St. Lawrence. In thefe feas are the ifles of St. Peter, 
and others, to the propriety of which ifland they have hitherto 
pretended, but now leem to let that demand fall ; but to Cape 
Breton they pretend as hitherto ; and are very pofitive it would 
be the ruin of their colony of Canada, if, parting with Placen- 
tia, they have not fome otlier place for their fliips to repair 

" We know not whether it would either content them, of 
be more tolerable for us, if, inftead of Cape Breton, they arc 
allowed to fettle and fortify on the ifle of St. Peter, but we 
cannot perceive we fliall be able to conclude, unlefs that libertv 
be left them, one where or other, nearer than the mouth of the 
river of St. Lawrence." 


rouge, or keeping to the preliminaries which 
give them the liberty of riming where they 
ufed, which indeed, was as well along Cha- 
peau-rouge, as the Petit Nord, I faid it was 
in vain for them to fend to Utrecht for an 
explanation of thefe matters ; for without 
Placentia, and the advantages which ought 
naturally to follow its being given up, that 
article could never be accorded by the Britim 
nation, and that I took only a previous li- 
berty of faying this, which the Duke of 
Shrewfbury would confirm within thefe four 
days ; they agreed that the thing muft be 
adjufted here and at London, and Monfieur 
de Torcy took notes of the feveral propoials 
I made, amongft which I confefs I did not 
mention thp offer of half Cape Breton, fince 
the whole had been offered feveral months 
before (as your Lordfhip fees) and had been 
rejected: after all, I have received this in- 
clofed propofal (ft) from Monfieur dc Torcy, 



" Que Tile du Cnp-Breton demeurera au Roi, avec la 
liberte d'y faire fortifier. Que la Province de 1'Acadie, avec 
tous les drojts Sc prerogatives dont les Francois out joui, fera 
c<:dee par fa Majefte a la Reine de la Grande Bretagne.avec 
Pile de Terreneuve, & les iles adjacentes a cette lie. Bien- 
entendu que les Franqois auront & conferveront la faculte de 
pecher, & de fecher leurs pechcs fur les cotes de la dite ile de 



fend it into England, for the Queen's 
approbation or refufal, which I would not 
have ventured to have done, but that I think 
it gets us fafely off from the too extenfive 
claufe in the Preliminaries, gives us the ad- 
vantage in every part of the fifhery, leaves 
the Queen entirely miflrefs of all that is 
worth having in Newfoundland, and does 
really, as Monfieur Defmarais expreffes it, 
drive the French au bout-dumonde. Monfieur 
Dowdel, the perfon recommended to us by 
Gilligan, and a friend or two here, with 
whom I have talked concerning this matter, 
and who have been at Newfoundland, are 
all agreed, that from Cape Roi, northward, 
is a fimery yet unknown, and fuch as has not 
been reckoned worth trying, and that the 
whole fimery, except a lefs fort in the Petit 
Nord, lies fouthward from Bona Vifta to 
Cape de Race, and from thence along the 
Bay of Placcntia to Chapeau-rouge and Cape 
Roi, which is now in her Majefty's hands, 
without the French being any way to inter- 
fere therein, 

Terreneuve, depuis le Cap de Bonavifla, en remontant par 
le Nord, jufqu'a la Pointe Riche. 

*' Que toutes les lies fitnees a 1'entrce de la Riviere & dans 
|e GoJphe de St. Laurent, appartiendront au Roi." 

I ha 


I have conferred, as well at Paris as here, 
with the two Minifters I named before, upon 
the fettHng and renewing our commerce. I 
fend your Lordmip inclofed a little memo- 
rial^) which I gave them, as a fort of text 


(7) " Reponje au Mimoii 'e re$u (7)" Mtmoire de Monjieur Prior, 
le ziyne [jicembre, 1712. du zime Dtcem&re, 1712. 

* Les nations amies font *' (i) On propofe que les 
traitees en France pour les Anglois foient traites a 1'egard 
droits d 'entree fur les mar- de leurs droits en France fur 
chandifes, comme les fujets du le pied de amicijjima gens, & 
Roi. 1! n'en ell pas Ac. meme que les Francois feront traitcs 
en Angltterre, les fujets de en Angleterre de la meme ma- 
1'etat font traitcs fort diffe- mere, 
remment des etrangers. 

" On propofe de trailer les " (2) Pour parvenir a cette 
Fran9ois en Angleterre de la fin, on cafTera & annullera 
me'me maniere que les An- inceflamment tout es les de- 
glois font traites en France ; fenfes entieres & generales qui 
ce fondement eft bon, il fup- ont etc faites fur les tranfports 
pofe une tgalite qui eft necef- & entrees des marchandifes de 
faire pour retablir le com- part & d'autre ; & vu que les 
merce interrompu entre les Anglois jouiront par ce moyen. 
deux nations depuis 1667. du tarif de 1664, comme en 
Mais la confequence ne re- jouiflent acluellement les Hoi- 
pond pas au principe ; on veut landois, nous tacherons d'a- 
qu'en France les Anglois jou- jufter & de regler les affaires 
iffent du tarif de 1664, qu'on du commerce auflitot que le 
cafle &c annulle les defenfes & Parlement fera affemble, de 
les arrets qui ont etabli des maniere que les conditions en 
droits differents du tarif de feront egaks de part & d'autre. 
1664; & pour un avantage 
auffi grand & auffi certain, on / 
t-ichera d'ajufter les affaires du 
commerce auffitot que le Par- 
lement fera affemble, de ma- 
nicre que les conditions feront 
tgaies de part & d'autre; fi on 
accorde cet article, les Anglois 
ont tout ce qu'ils demandent, 
/ & cependantilfaudraattendre 

les (3) Qu 


to our conference, and a ground for a future 
treaty : there was no need of my explaining 


les d'cifions du Parlement 
d'Angleterre qn'on ne doit pas 
pixTumer bien favorables au 
commerce des Francois. 

" La negotiation a etc 
commencee fur le fondement 
qu'on conviendroit de toutes 
Its productions de la nature ou 
de 1'art qui compofent le com- 
merce refpeftif entre la France 
& 1'Angleterre, que 1'on 
conviendroit desdroitsqu'eiles 
payeroient aux entrees des deux 
royaumes le plus tquhable- 
ment qu'il fe poifrroit, com- 
me le bien du commerce des 
deux etats le demande, ce qui 
fuppofeunedifcuflionde detail 
qui eft difpofce par les etats 
qui ont etc fails, & qu'on 
pourroit communiquer, fi on 
vouloit de la part de 1'Angle- 
tei re faire la meme chofe. 

" On ne fait aucune diffi- 
ru'tc de fupprimer le droit de 
50 par tonneau en meme-tems 
qu'on fupprimera le droit de 
5 fchdlings en Angleterre. 

" Obfervez. qu'il faut fti- 
pulerque les "aiffeaux Anglois 
ne feront point le commerce 
d'un port du royaume dans xm 
autre port. 

" Par 1'article 13 du pre- 
mier projet du traite de com- 
merct, donnc par Meflieurs !cs 
PI ,'nipotentiaires d'Angleterre 
u Utrecht, on demandoit la 
mme liteerte pour la vente du 
tabac, mais fur les obfervations 
faites fur ce projet, les Pleni- 

VOL. III. potentiaires 

" (3) Qi 16 1'impofition de 
50 par tonneau, mife far les 
navires Anglois qui apportent 
des marchandifes en France, 
comme aaffi celle de cinq 
fchellirygs fterlings, mife fur 
les navires Franqois en Ang- 
leterre, foient entierement 
oUx's & abolies, de part & 

" (4) Comme le tabac eft 
en ftrme en France, & que 
les marchands Anglois ne peu- 
vent le vendre a d'autre qu'aux 
comrnii prepofes par les fer- 
miers du tabac, ce qui porte 
un grand prejudice aux Ang~ 
lois, empechant entierement 
R la 


the condition of amiclffima gens, as the mu- 
tual principle upon which we defired to 

ftand ; 

donne im fecond projet, Us ont 


'article 1 1 de ce der- 

nier, & on etoit convenu qu'il 
en feroit ufe en France, par 
rappoit aux Anglois pour le 
tabac, de Ja meme mamere 
qu'il le praclique pour les fu- 
jets du Roi, ce qui avoit fait 
croire que c'etoit une difficulte 

" Get article eft deja ac- 

" La meme chofe avoit etc 
demandce par le premier pro- 
jet, article 17; ir.ais fur les ob- 
fervations qui y furent faites 
alors, il n'en a point rte parle 
dans le fecond, ainfi on avoit 
cru cette difficulte entieremeiit 

'* Si on veut la difcuter de 
nouveau, on pent revoir Jes 
reniarques faites fur le premier 
proper, qui feroient trop ion- 
guespour errcinler /-esdans ce 

" Suivant le tarif de 1664, 
les emballages, ferpillieres, 
caifleb, &c. doivent etre de- 
duits fur les drogueries & cpi- 
ceries feuiemtnt. 

la liberte du commerce a cet 
egard, on s'attend que les 
Francois trouverrnc les moy- 
ens con v enables pour adoucir 
cette inegalite de commerce. 

*' (5) 


Majefte Britannique deja cta- 
blis, ou qui s'etabliront en 
France, foi^nt exempts de la 
loi du droit d'aubaine, & 
qu'il leur foit permis de dif- 
poler de leurs biens par tef- 
tament, donation, ou autre- 

* (6) Comme il eft d'ufage 
en Angleterre que les mar- 
chands Fran9ois qui y ame- 
nent des marchandifes, apies 
avoir fait des declarations a la 
douanne du contenu en leurs 
vaifleaux, en cas qu'il s'y 
trouve plus de balots ou ton- 
neaux de marchandifes qu'il 
y en a < e declare, ils font 
rec,us a faire line nouvelle de- 
claration de fupplement, ap- 
pellee communement/o/Z^/ry j 
on demande que les marchands 
Angloisqui amcnent des mar- 
chandifes en France jouifient 
pareillement du dit privilege. 

" (7) L'on demande aufii 
que le droit de remife accorde 
pour Its marchandifes gatees, 
emballage, tonnage, &c. ap- 
pelle tais, {bit aufli accorde 


.md ; this I find has been diftinclly handled, 
and abundantly difputed, at Utrecht. The 
obfervation that Monfieur Defmarais made 
upon it, is very obvious: that upon this prin- 
ciple we mould be with France as the Hol- 
landers are, i.e. as fpecified in the tarif of 
1 664 ; that the reafon why the Hollanders 
had, in great meaiure, the benefit of this 
tarif, was, that they had laid no new impofi- 
tions on the goods of France imported into 
their provinces; yet the methods of com- 
merce, and the neceflary droits which this 
kingdom has been forced to raife, are fuch, 
as that France muft deny that tarif to them, 
(the Hollanders) particularly as to the qua- 
tre e/peces, whale-bone and whale-oil, wool- 
len cloth and ferges, fugars according to 

" A 1'tigard des droits pour fur un pied egal de part & 

]es marchandifes tarees & ga- d'autre. 

: ;es, on les regie a 1'aimable, 

& cela fe fait de concert entre 

les fermiers du Roi & les ne- 

gocians, il n'y a jamais eu de 

; rgkment a cet egard. 

** Article general & ordi- (8) Et gentralement que 

naire dans les traites de com- les fujets de la Grande Bre- 

ierce." tagne, & ceux de France, joui- 

ront d'une liberte reciproque 
au fait du commerce, & qu'on 
tache autant qu'on peut d'en 
ouvrir & faciliter toutes les 
meilleures voies de part & 


thei f 


their feveral refinements, and all forts of 
falt-fifh in barrel; upon all which heads 
Monfieur Defmarais afferts that it would be 
impoffible that France mould trade with 
Holland, except thefe commodities, and the 
manner of importing them, were regulated 
by the tarif of 1699, or fome other equi- 
valent proportion. Upon the article of ialt- 
fifh, I was very glad to hear Monfieur Def- 
marais fa} 7 , that whoever imports it into this 
kingdom muft find it cpnfiderably advanta- 
geous : my thought was, that this ought to 
be a fair argument to us to mind and im- 
prove our fifhery upon the coafts of Scotland, 
for it is this fort of fifii which the Dutch 
import chiefly hither, and which' the French 
mean to bring to the above-mentioned tarif. 
Monfieur Defmarais explains himlelf -very 
much upon the head of an enliere prohibition 
being very prejudicial to both nations, but 
more fo to England, he fays, than to France: 
and that the high duties on both fides ought 
to be taken off, and brought to a juft me- 
dium, which he thinks impoffibie to be done 
but by CommhTioners, to be named to that 
purpofe; for that this mufl coft a great deal 
of time, for the French can only take off 



their duties as we (hall take off ours, and the 
alteration of their edicts muft go pari paflu 
with that of our acts of Parliament. 

To what I objected, that the King, being 
abfolute mafter of his edicts, migrit in the 
mean time take away the entire prohibition 
of feveral commodities, particularly thole 
fpecified in the edict of September 6, 1701 ; 
he anfwered, likewife, that we had feveral 
entire prohibitions ; for inftance, their lilks 
were as absolutely forbid on our fide, as our 
cloth on theirs ; and repeated, that the taking 
off the entire prohibitions, as the alleviating 
the high duties, muft go gradually and equally 
on both fides, or always be made on one fide 
upon condition that the other perform his 
part, and be intended to take place accord- 
ingly at fuch time ; for that if the -prohibi- 
tion on the French fide were (as I feemed 
to think reafonable) immediately taken off, 
the Englim would run a glut of their goods 
into France, fufficient to ferve'the nation for 
two or three years : '" while," fays he, " we, 
the French, mall remain les bras croiscs ; the 
Englim knowing the certain duties payable 
in France, and the French expecting how, 
or in what time, the duties upon their goods 



fhall be taken off in England." Upon the 
whole, he has given this anfvver to the pro- 
pofals I gave him, as what might ferve for 
a ground-work to a treaty of commerce ; it 
was yefterday read in Council, and I receive 
it this morning from Monfieur de Torcy, 
together with a fcheme(8) of the chief com- 


(8) " Etat des denrles & productions du rcyaume. 
* Amandes. Peaux de chevreaux eu croute. 

Anchoix. Pierres a carreaux. 

Avelines. Meules-a-mouiins. 

Bois de noyer en madriers. Platre. 




Pommes de reinette & autres, 

Capres grofles. 


Capres fines. 

Prunes de To :r 


Prunes de Brugnoles. 
Prunes i!e Bourdeaux. 

Eau de la Reine d'Hongrie, 

Railins ftcs. 




S a fFra n . 

Huile d'olive. 

Savon, blanc &: marbre. 

Jaye brun. 


Lit?' 1 , 



Vin rouge. 
Vin blanc. 



" Etat des manufactures de Frame. 

' Bas drapes de laine fine pour femme, de toutes couleun:. 
Ditto, communs. 

Bas drapes de laine fine pour honime, de toutes couleurs. 
iJitto, communs. 

Boutons d'or & d'argent, fin trait; de la grande forte. 
Ditto, de la pedte forte. 

. Boutons 


modifies which France fends to England, 
which he defires may be returned, with the 


Botitons d'or & d'argent, fin file fur foie, afTbrtis, par moitie 
de la grande & petite font. 

Boutons d'argent fin, ou d'argent dorc, maffif Sc plaque fur 
moule de bois. 

Boutons de la petite forte. 

Brocards, a fond d'or & d'argent. fin. 

Brocards, a fond de damas, de taffetas, ou de fatin, rehaufls 
d'ornemens & de rleurs d'argent fin. 

Brocards, a fond d'or & d'argent fin. lis & glaces, fans auc- 
unes fleurs ni ornemens de foie de cou.eur. 

Brocards forts, de pure foie, a fond de fatin, de damas, ou 
de taffetas, broches de rleurs de couleur, fans or ni argent. 

Brocards moyens, de pure foie, a fond de fatin, de dama, 
ou de taffetas, a fleurs de diiferentes couleurs. 

Cadis larges ou etroits. 

Cartes a jouer. 

Chapeaux de caftor. 

Chapeaux de iaine toutes de fortes. 

Dentelles blanches ulforties, fac, on du Pay, d'Auvergne, & de 
Normandie, & autres provinces du royaume.' Droguets raf6s, 
etlamines, ras de maroc, de Barriere, de caltor, mon cayards & 
D:inphin, de pure Iaine ou meles de foie. 

Droguets : pluches d'or Sc d'argent fin, fil de chanvre ou de 
lin, de toutes coijleurs. 

Fil trait d'or tin. 

Ditto d'argent fin. 

Galons, franges, iv dentelles d'or fauXj fil^ fur foie. 

Ditto d'argent faux. 

Gazes limples, unies ou rayees. 

Ditto a fieurs, brochees de foie ou de Iaine. 

Gazes damallces. 

Jais ou jayertravaille en ouvr, 

Glaces de France, fa9on de Venife. 

" Menues Me, ceries, favoir: 

" Bridons, boucles, L\- boutons de cuivre ou de metail, unis ou 

ouvrages, don's ou non Mures ; boutons de foie, de foie & de 

poil, & de pur poll ; ctrilles; ctriers ; gands de peau, de toutes 

fortes, pour homme ou pour femme, unis ou garnis, de cuir ou 

tasj epingles, aiguilles, etuis de pochej boites a mou- 

chesj & tabatierei, d'ivoiR', d'ccaille, de corne^ de bois, unies, 

R 4 gravces_, 


fpecific duties payable in England upon every 
head, and what time may probably be alked 
for the alleviating any part of them ; and 
he defires we mould fend a like fcheme of 
Englifh goods which we import chiefly into 
France, and promifes to give us thereupon 
a reciprocal account ; the King being very 
willing to open a trade as foon and as fairly 

gravees, fculptees, ou garnies d'or ou d'argent ; epees montcef, 
avec leurs gardes & poignees de quelque me tail qu'elles foient ; 
lunettes de toutes fortes ; fouets ; ouvrages de cuivre graves on 
en relief, dores ou non dores : peignes d'ccaille, d'ivoire, de 
cornes, ou de bob; ouvrages d'acier, poll ou dore; & toutes 
fortes d'autres menus ouvrages de poche. 

Mouere d'or & d'argent. 

Mouere de foie. 

Or & argent fin, file fur foie de toutes qualites, 1'un dans 1'autre. 

Papiers, perruques, blondes, ditto chataines & noires penchc- 

CHncaillerie fine, comme couteaux, cifeaux, razoirs, inftru- 
jnens de chirurgie & d'horlogerie, &: autres ouvrages de cout- 

Rubans de foie a fleurs ou rayeures d'or & d'argent depuis la 
plus petite jufques a quartre pouces de largeur. 

Eubans tifius d'or & d'argent fin, d'un pouce jufques a quartre 
de largeur. 

Serge de Nifmes & d'Ufez. 

Tarletas unis, rayes, nuances, changeans de toutes couleurs. 

TapilTerie, Bergame ou droguets .de Rouen, de fil, de laine, 
ou de foie. 

Toiles blanches, fines, & fortes, de Normandie & de Laval. 

Toiles communes de Normandie, toiles de ril & coton a car- 
reaux, toiles royales a faire des voiles* 

Toiles blanches appellees quintins, ou bretagnes etroites. 

Toiles blanches de Morlai'x, appellees ecmes etroites. 

Toiles blanches de Morlaix, appellees ecrues larges. 

Toiles blanches ouvrfees a ferviettes ; toiles legeres de cholet, 
ioiles ecrues de chanvre de f, -|, -, dune atme de large, les 
xtnes dans les autres ; toik-batifte, Verres a vitre, & tous autres 
ouvrages de verrerie, les glaces fac^on de Venife exceptees." 



as poffible with his old friends : but he con- 
cludes, that the confufion and mifunderfland- 
ing of twenty years will not be redreifed 
without a good deal of time and labour. 

The ufual articles, therefore, of a treaty 
of commerce, that of the droit d'aubalne^ 
that of tare, and what your Lordfhip fees is 
pretty near adjufted, may be agreed and 
figned at Utrecht with the treaty of peace, 
but in a diftincl: inftrument, and as a treaty 
of commerce ; and in it the fpecialties as to 
the manner of diminifhing the droits, and 
regulating the tarif, mud be provided for by 
one general claule. 

I have waited on Monfleur Pontchartrain ; 
and not perceiving that the lift of fhips 
taken, as we alleged, contrary to the terms 
the cefTation, or the ufual maritime laws, of 
of which I formerly left with him, has been 
regarded, I left another lift with hm, to 
which he fays I mall have an anfwer in few- 
days. John Wynne, the poor man fo often 
taken and retaken, with his (hip, are let at 
liberty ; and our lubjecls, of which I have a 
Jong lift, which I think comes from Colonel 
Nicholfon, that are, we lay, taken againft 
{heir will, and confined at Canada, will have 



leave to return to Boflon, or wherever we 
think proper, provided they are not kabitues 
in Canada, and had rather flay there than 
otherwife ; of this I mall fend yoa more by 
my next. 

Paris, 29th December, 1712. 
I TOLD your Lordmip I mould hear more 
from the Elector of Bavaria ; I did fo, by 
Monfieur de Torcy, laft night. Count 
Monoftrole repeats his matter's acknowledg- 
ments to her Majefty, and his defire that 
ihe will fet him as free as her prefent cir- 
cumftances of affairs may permit ; and in a 
vifit this morning to Monfieur Voifin *, he 
let fall, as feeming by chance, that it was 
not thought the Dutch would ever pretend 
to s:arnfon Luxemburg!!. 

O 5 

Monoftrole complains, and the Minifters 
here fecond the complaints, that Bonne, the 
very and only refidence of the Elector of 
Cologn is to be garrifoned by Imperial troops, 
and Liege and Huy by Dutch. Monoftrole 
has repreferited from his mailer to the Moffc 
Chriftian King, that a formal treaty was 
made, in 1704, between the Eleclrefs and 

* Secretary at War. 



the late Emperor Jolcph *, not one word 
of which has been complied with, nor any 
recompence made him upon what was therein 

That the Houfe of Auftria, not to count 
thirteen millions of florins which they for- 
merly owed him, have during this war feized 
all his magazines, cannon, goods, plate, jew- 
els, an4 pictures ; that Rollembourg, the 
adjacent countries, and other large traces of 
land, which are now comprehended in the 
Upper Palatinate, have bJen bought by the 
Houfe of Bavaria, a beaux denitrs contans, and, 
by confequence,' mould be referved to him. 

In thefe points, his Moft Chriftian Majefly 
would defire the Queen to favour this Prince; 
and as he has given Monfieur de Torcy order 
to mention them to me, the Due d'Aumont 
will likewife have order to ipeak of them in 


Another point, upon which this Court is 
very felicitous, is, that the Chevalier remain- 
ing in any town of Fance obftructs the fign- 
ing the peace; yet he cannot go to Lorrain 

* By this treaty, (lie was to furrender all the towns in her 
pofTelhoa to the Emperor, to refule at Munich, with a guard 
of 400 men, and to have a penhon out of the electorate, for 
the fupport of her couit and family. 



till the Emperor's paffport will fecure him 
there. Your Lordfhip, by the perufal of the 
papers (9, 10, 1 1) will fee the ftate of that 

cafe ; 

(p) Cepie dc la Lettre Je Monfeigneur le Dxc de Loralne, 
Dicembre ibme, 1712. 

" Je fuis blen fachej Monfieur, que votre indifpofition m'em- 
peche de vous voir, mais j'efpere qu'en peu vous vous porterez 
Hen, ce quejefouhaite beaucoup. Sautez m'a hier renducompte 
de ce que vous Ini avcz dit touchant 1'affaire dont je J'avois 
charge, & pour que vpus puimez rendre encore un meilleur 
compte, je vous envoie ci-joint un petit memoire, dont la mau- 
vaife diftion vous fera alTez connojtre que c'eft mon ftylej j'ef- 
pere que le Hoi trouvera que j'ai eu raifon de faire ce que j'ai 
fait, a moins que de m'engager dans une mauvaife affaire : je 
TOUS prie a propos de cela, de vous fouvenir que vous m'avez dit, 
Monfieur, que la Majerte vouloit que cette affaire fe faffe par le 
confentement des allies pour une plus grand furete, que la de- 
marche que j'ai faite a la cour de Vierine n'a 6te quofficium bom 
yiri, & que pour cela, il ne feroit pas jufte que j'entralle en auc- 
une difcuffion ; je me flatte que le Roi entreradans mes raifons, 
& ^fera convaincu que mon unique application eft de plaire a la 
Majefte, &- lui faire connoitre mon attachement refpe6lueux : 
je ferois malheureux, Monfieur, fi je me trompois, & fi je de- 
plairois dans une occalion ou je n'ai pu prendre d'autre parti ; 
foyez au refte perfuade qu'on ne peut etre })lus vcritablement 
que Je fuis, &c. 

(10) ' Monfieur d'Audifret fe fouviendra que lorfqu'il eft venu 
ici de la part du Roi fon maitre, pour me temoigner que fa Ma- 
jefte fouhaitoit que j'employalle mes bons offices aupres des allie* 
pour procurer au Chevalier de St. George les furetes necelTaires 
dans mes etats, contre les courfes des troupes de ces memcs al- 
lies, je lui dis des ce tems-la que je croyois que par mes avis l.i 
Reine de la Grande Bretagne ayant deia accorde fon fauf-conduit 
au dit Chevalier, il n'y avoit plus a en cbmander qu'a. I'Empereur 
& aux Hollandois, &* jc lui ajoutai que je croyois qu'il convenoit 
de commencer par demander ce faufrconduite de fa Majelte ln.~ 
periale parce que j'etois perfuade qile s'accordant ItsEtats- 
Gcneraux feroient moins de difficultes, & que propcfant en 
droiture en Hollande, une affaire de cette importance, qr.i 
devoit pafTer par routes les refolutions de toutes les provinces, 
j'apprehendois que cela ne trainat en longueur, & que peut- 
etrela reuffite feroit plus difficile. Monlieur d'Audifrct ir-e 



cafe ; and I have only to add, upon this fub- 
je<5l, that the Court of France exprelFes an 


parut approuver mon deflein, & je ne tardai pa,s un moment u 
en ecrire a mon Envoye a Vienne, dont 1'indifpofition a fait 
que je n'ai ptis eu plutot la reponfe. 

' L'Empereur, fur ma demande, m'a fait envoyer une copie ' 
du fauf-conduit qu'il projetoit de dormer, & y a joint une 
lettre, dont je joindrai ci-apres la tranilation: Monfieur d'Au- 
difret trouvera ilans i'une & dans 1'autre de cesdeux pieces des 
endroits barrts, auxquels je le prie de faire attention, lorfqu'il 
en rendra compte a la cour. 

( 1 1) Tranjlaticn de la lettre de i'Empcreur a fan AlteJJe Roy ale, 

' Votre refident, Valentini, m'a requis tres humblement de 
votre part, pour donner les ordres neceflaires afin que le nomm6 
Chevalier de St. George, qui doit fe tranfporter dans vos etats, 
y puifle demeurer en furete de mes troupes & de celles des 
allies, qui y peuvent croifer facilement; & quoique j'aime fort 
de vous temoigneren toutes occasions ma promptitude fur vos 
demandes, & que je coi^ois tres-bien les railbns pour lef- 
quelies voas n'avez pu refufer les infinuations qui vous ont 
tie faites a cet egard, & qu 'outre cela, je plains moi-m6me le, 
dit Chevalier dans fa lituation infortunee ; 51 eft neanmoins par 
les circonftances dignes de reflexion, & qu'on pent s'imaginer 
aifcment, tres difficile d'accorder pour )ui pleinement le fauf- 
conduit qu'on a demande; je ne puis done le donner que de 
la maniere que wous ajex. grand foin gu'il s'en fer-ve dans la droi- 
ture, y fans prejudice a la caufe commune, faute de quo? ~vouf en 
feriez repovfable a moi t a 1'Erripire, & au rejie des (lilies. 

" * PAR la lecture tant du projet du fauf-conduit que de la 
lettre, j'efpere que par le compte quts Monfieur Daudifret 
voudra bien rendre, le Roi fera perfuade des foins que 1*31 
pris de faire reuffir fur le champ ce que fa Majefte a defire de 
moi, & je me flatte que par le compte qu'il aura dcja rendu i 
fa Majeltt', elle aura vu 1'envie que j'ai de lui plaire, nou- 
feultment en cette occafion, mais encore en toutes autre$ 
qui fe font prefentees, & fe prefenteront a 1'avenir. Mais 
les deux endroits barres tant dans le fauf-conduit que dans la 
lettre de TEmperem-, m'ont oblige, & je n'y ai pa> perdu un 
moment de tern, a remontrer a fa Majefte Imperiale, que moi 
& mei c-tats etant neutres, je ne pouvois etre charg6 de pa- 

* The Duke of Lorrain here refumes his letter. 

. reillcs 


impoffibility on their fide to do more than 
they have done, and hopes we mould have 
interest enough with the Emperor to obtain 
fuch paffports from him as may fecure as 
well the perfon who is to go into Lorain, 
as the Duke of Lorain, who is to receive 

I have not heard from Utrecht fince my 
arrival in France, but I prefume I mail hear 
in few days, Sunday next being the laft day 
allowed for their determination ; and if you 
approve the propofal relating to Newfound- 

reiJJes conditions, one j'attribuois ctla a des termes de Chan- 
cellerie, que j'efperois que 1'Empereur voudra bien m'ao 
corder cettc grace ces reftriftions, lefquelles je ne pou- 
vois recevoir en fa^on queiconque. Je compte qu'en huit ou 
dix jours au p!ub lard, j'aurai une reponfe, a-moins que la 
rechute d'indifpofition dc mon envoye ne la retarde, & des 
queij'aurai repo.ife, je ne manquerai pas d'en informer furle 
champ iVJonfieur Daudifret. 

" j'efpere que le Roi trouvera que j'ai pris le bon parti 
dans cette cccafipn, & qu'etant comme j'ai dit ci-deffus en 
r.eutralite, je ne pouvois en aucun fa^on du monde entrer 
dans de pareils engagemcns; je me flatre meme qu'en ce ren- 
contre coinme en tous ceux qui fe prefenteront, fa Majefte 
verra que mon unique application fera toujours de lui don- 
ner des marques de mon attachement, & del'envie tres fincere 
que j'ai de lui plaire en tout ce qui dependra de moi. 

" Si pendant cet intervalle on croyoit a propos que je fifTe 
quelque demarche au cote de la Hollande, je le ferai avec 
bien de plaifir, & fi Monfieur Daudifret veut attendre la- 
dt-flus des ordrcs de la cour, je ne ferai aucun mouvement 
entre ci & ce terns-la, mais s'il croit que je puifle en attendant 
faire quelque demarche, il n'aura qu'a me le mander & je 
lerai toujours tout prOt a faire tout ce qu'il me confeiJlera fur 
ce fujet." 


land, and judge the fcherne of commerce fuch 
as may form a general article, I think we 
are ready, let what will happen. I am more 
pleafed with the propofal as to Newfound- 
land, becaufe I fee Monlieur Pontchartrain 
and fome others heartily difquicted at it. 
Monfieur de Torcy's letters from Utrecht 
lay, that of the provinces, Frieze, Utrecht, 
and Gelder, were for the peace ; and, of 
Holland, the towns which {rood chiefly out 
were Delft, Rotterdam, and Ley den. 

The Duke of Argyle is here, and defires a 
yatch may immediately be, ordered to Calais, 
for his paffage : he will tell your Lordfhip 
that the affair of Catalonia remains in flat u 
quo : Monfieur de Torcy has received advice, 
that the Duke of Berwick is within a day's 
march of Staremherg, that he has an army of 
fifty fquadrons and forty battalions, much 
fuperior to that of the enemy. Monfieur Voi- 
fin, tells me, the French are twenty-three 
thoufand effective men, and he reckons the 
Germans not above thirteen thoufjind; the 
Duke of Argyle computes the Germans to be 
nearer twenty thoufand. 

For home news, I faw the Dauphin * yef- 

* Afterwards Louis XV. 



flerday, he was brought to the King at table; 
the child looks very well, a little pale ; he is 
handfome, and feems to have a good deal of 
fpirit. I expect the Duke of Shrewfbury here, 
on Saturday or Sunday. We have taken a 
rambling apartment for him, in 1'Hotel Soif- 
fbns, which was the beft however that we 
could find in all Paris. 

I have writ rather a journal than a letter, 
the diverfity of the fubjects which it contains 
muft plead my excufe, in every part of it. I 
have done my beft for the Quecm\s iervice, 
and I leave it to your great friendship to me 
to give it the moft candid interpretation. 

La Vigne brings instructions to rhe Duke 
d'Aumont upon many of the heads in my let- 
ter, and by him again, in cale you fend no 
meflenger of her Majeily's immediately, I 
may have your anfwer. I am, with great 
truth, your Lordmip's, &c. 


I humbly refer my Lord Dartmouth, to 
what I have writ to your Lordihip. 



From Mr. Prior*. 

January 5th, N.S. 1712-13. 

MATT has nothing to fay to Henry, but 
that he has folicited Calandrini's affair with 
Monfieur Defmarais, in a manner that he 
hopes may be effectual, though not in pro- 
portion, as to the time, with what Monfieur 
Calandrini may have promifed himfelf ; in 
this cafe, I beg of the Minifter, whilfl I 
preach patience to a fuffering family. 

I expecl: to hear from you in anfwer to 
my long letter, and am immediately upon 
fealing this to go to Verfailles, in order to 
hear what Monfieur de Torcy has received 
from Utrecht, in relation to the grand affair. 
I hear and have heard nothing from thence ; 
God knows my heart. I expect the Duke of 
Shrewfbury every day, but have no certain 
news of his arrival on this fide. 

The Duke of Argyle has been kindly re- 
ceived here, his Grace will tell you the reft. 

I am, &c. 


The Croiflys, Ferioles, &c. are always 

* Received by Colonel Campbell. 

VOL. HI, S your'ss 


your's ; I fend you thefe truffles from the 
latter, or the Duke of Argyle eats them by- 
the wa), no matter. 

I have not a word of our fhip from Rouen, 
nor of any thing there intontained ; pray 
write to me pro more folito. 


From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, 8th January, N.S. 1713. 
I HAD fcarce clofed the ,letter which I 
did myfelf the honour to write to your 
Lordftiip two days fince by Mr. Campbell, 
and wherein I told you that Monfieur de 
Torcy had fummoned me to Verfailles, in 
order to inform me of what he had received 
from his matter's Plenipotentiaries at 
Utrecht ; when I likewife received the in- 
clofed (i, 2, 3, 4) from Lords Privy Seal 


(l) " Points in Ji/pute upon the projcft of a Treaty of Peace be- 
tween Great Britain and France. 

We think that the coun- The French demanded 
try having been forcibly taken that at the reftoring of Hud- 
in time of peace, no right, fon's Bay, the French there 
cither public or private, has have liberty and a time aliovv- 
been acquired. ed to fell their jmmoveables. 

We The 


arid StrafFord, containing the points which 
yet lie undecided between her Majefty and 


' We demand that the 
French (hall not fifli within 
thirty leagues of the fouth- 
caft fide, nor within ten 
leagues of the north-weft fide 
of Nova Scotia. 

" We defire to determine 
the time in the Spring, when 
the French may come to fifh 
upon the coaft of Newfound- 
land, and that it be not fooner 
than April. As alfo, that they 
remain not there after the au- 
tumnal equinox. 

" We think this necefiary, 
to clear at all times to come 
cur right of pofleflion. 

' We offer to fettie the 
French fifhing, and the pro- 
priety of Cape Breton, and 
other fmall iflands, accord- 
ing to any of the three alter- 
natives which Mr. Prior is 
informed of. 

" Our orders are exprefssts 
to the pofleffion of all, or at 
lead, of half of Cape Breton, 
and as to the Ifle Sable, as 
alfo that of St. Peter, and 
others adjacent to Newfound- 
land. We are not empowered 
to admit of any temperaments, 
other than what is contained 
in the above-mentioned alter- 

The French minifter* 
only plead their orders. 

" They confent to be ex- 
cluded fiftiing on thofe coafts 
in general terms, but think it 
needlefs to rix any limits on 
the fouth-eaft fide, and unrea- 
fonable as to the north- weft. 

" They think no term of 
time ought to be prefcribed iu 
either cafe. 

41 They are of opinion, it 
will expofe their (hipping toi 
great dangers and inconveni- 
encies, and be the occafion of 

" They are lately come to 
offer that their fifhing fhall be 
from the Bay of Fortune 
northward, about to CapeBo- 
navifta, and to be fole poflef- 
fors 6f Cape Breton, StPaul, 
and the ifles in the Gulph 
of St. Lawrence. 

" They alfo demand the 
Ifle Sable, and that of St. 
Peter, &c. 

" They feemed very defir- 
ous to conclude, and in a man- 
ner owned, they could go 
fomething farther, if we would 
admit of fuch temperaments, 
as the cafe required." 

S 2 

(a) Difiri* fit 


this Court ; I have conferred upon them all 
in general with Monfieur de Torcy, and with 


(2) Differences in the treaty of commerce. 

We defire that the fub- 
jecls of either party may freely 
repair to the kingdoms and 
countries of the other". We 
cannot aver, that our general 
expreffion would give any 
right to thofe that are under 
a legal incapacity, but think 
we have reafon to objecl 
againft theirs as novelty, and 
without precedent, in any 
treaty of commerce. 

" We are averfe "to this, 
becaufe. it would be a formal 
decifion againft the refugees ; 
and rather than do fo, (hould 
incline to accept of their way 
of expreffion (if it were in em- 
power) becaufe it fettles this 
matter in favour, at leaft, of 
the children of the French re- 
fugees, born in England, which 
would other \vifs remain un- 

(3) The principal difftf ena 
" We defire that feveral ar- 
ticles that have been excluded 
out of the tirft plan of the 
treaty, and referred to com- 
miitioners, may be now let- 
tied, and replaced in the 

" We own fuch an agree- 
ment, but are neverthelels de- 
firous to go the other way. 

," We 

" They propofe to reftrain 
it to the native fubjecls ; but 
confent to add, for explica- 
tion, that all Britiflt fubjecls, 
not born in the dominions of 
France, may go into France ; 
and all French fubjecls, not 
born in the dominions of 
Great Britain, may go into 
Great Britain: they think this 
precaution is needful, as well 
in refpecl of the French refu- 
gees, as of fuch Britifh natives 
now in France as ftand pra- 
fcribed by the laws. 

" The'y offer to accept our 
words, and to make an article 
apart concerning fuch fub- 
jecls on both fides as are pro- 

in the ireaiy of comtne>'ce, 

" They allege an agreement 
made between the two Crowns 
in May latf, whereby any mat- 
ters of long difcuflion be left 
to Commillioaers. 

" They object, that it will 

be impoffible in our way to 

conclude the treaty in the time 




Meffieurs Defmarais and Pontchartrain Upon 
thofe which more immediately regard their 


that will be requifite, becaufe 
it will neceflarily require a 
very nice an.l tedious exami- 
nation ofttarifs, prohibitions, 
and rules of trade, on both 

" In the mean time, they 
offer, that we, concluding the 
treaty their way, fhall imme- 
diately participate in all the 
benefits of trade in France that 
fliall be granted to the Dutch; 
and that they, on the other 
fide, will wait for redrefs to 
the grievances their trade is 
under in Britain. 

" They allure us there will 
be no affectation of delay on 
their fide; the rather, becaufe 
the French trade in Britain will 
need relief, more than the Bri- 
tilh in France. 

" They fay immediately up- 
on the ratification of the treaty 
of commerce (if we make one) 
we are to enjoy all the benefits 
of that tarif, excep only four 

" We apprehend Commif- 
fioners will fcarce ever agree. 

Our orders oblige us to 
infill, that when by Aft of Par- 
liament, the duties upon the 
growth and manufactures of 
France, fliall be reduced to the 
fame proportionate rates that 
are paid for the like goods by 
other nations, and all at^s pro- 
hibiting the importation of any 
French goods that have been 
made fince the year 1664, Ihall 
be repealed, \ve lhall then enjoy 
in France the full effect of the 
Tariff of 1664. 

" We undcriland it to be fo, 
but think it, needful our wool- 
len manufacture, fifli, fugais, 
and tobacco, Ihould be eated of 
J.he prcfent burdens upon them 
in Fiance." 

" They fay their cafe is the 
fame in refpect of many of their 
manufactures, and that thefe 
(Hiiiculties cannot be removed, 
but by conun.iflioners." 

S 3 

(4) Article 


refpective provinces : and upon the whole 
fend you the reiult of fuch my conferences, 
which I hope you will find to be fuch as 
may facilitate the orders which our Ambaf- 
fadors expect from your Lordmip. 

As to what relates in Monfieur de Torcy's 
memoir e (5) to the fourth article, concern- 

(4) Article propofed about the tarif of 1664, received from Monfieur 
JeTorcjy the ^A of Jan. 1713. 

" Les articles qui regardent la liberte que les fujets de part 
& d'autre auront & doivent avoir de venir traffiquer, &c. feront 
exprimes en termes generaux; &: fi dans le detail il fe trouve 
quelque exception a faire, il en fera convenu fans perte de terns, 
foit avec Monfieur le Due de Shrewsbury, foit avec Monfieur 
Prior, foit a Utrecht entre Metlieurs l$s Plenipotentiaries de 
France & de la Grande Bretagne. 

" Lorfque par ac~te du Parlement de la Grande Bretagne, les' 
droits fur les dcnrtes du cru manufactures &: marchandifes de 
F/ance, k-ront reduit^e la nieme proportion de ceux qu: doi- 
vent fe lever en France fur les denrees da cru rnanufaclures & 
marchandifes de la Grande Bretagne, fuivant le tarif de 1'annce 
1664, les fujets de la Grande Bretagne jouiront alors en France 
du tarif de la dite anneo 1664." 

(5) Rep de Konfieur deTorcy, jme Janvier, 1715-13. 
" Memoire pour Monfieur Prior. 

" PAR 1'article 4 du projet dc traite de paix a faire avec la 
Grande Bretagne, envoye a Ctrecht au mois d'Aout dernier, il 
eft dit : llle qui Regis Magnte Eriiaini<e titulum aflumpfit, &c. 

" Aujourd hui Meffieurs Its Plenipotentiaires de la Grande 
Bretagne-veulent changer cette expreffion dont i!s etoient con- 
venus, & fubftuuer en fa place les termes fuivans : Q/ Regis 
Mflgna Britaiwi<e nomen ufurfavit, ou bien, jibi arrogavit. 
Termes qui ne donnent pas plus de force a 1'engagement que le 
Roi prend par cet article a l'6gard de la fucceffion rs'-giee paroles 
aftes du Parlement. 

" Sur 1'article 8, on a toujours fait obferver qu'il etoit necef- 
fcire de diftinguer deux ditFererites fortes d'eclulcs a Dunkerque ; 


ing the words, tltulum ajfumpfit, and nomen 
ufurpavit , orjibi arrogfivit, fmce there never 


les unes fervant a nettoyer le Port, les autres a retenir les eatix 
pour empecher 1'inondation du pays. 

" II ny a point de difiiculte demolir les premieres, comme 
faifant part des fortifications : quant aux fecondes, leur deftruc- 
tion ne ferviroit qu'a miner le pays des environs, fans produire 
aucun avantage a 1'Angleten e ; Monfieur le Vicomte de Boling- 
broke s'eft eclairci par lui-meme de cette verite, lorfqu'il a pafie 
par Dunkerqueen retournantu Londres. On ne doute done pas 
que far le compte qu'il en aura rendu a la Reine de la Grande 
Bretagne, toute difficulte fur cet article ne foit deja levee. 

" 11 elt porte par Particle 9 du projet, que le Roi fera re- 
mettre a la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, la Bati d'Hudfon, &c. 
de la maniere que fa Majefte & les Francois la pofsedsnt prc- 

" Mellieurs les P16nipotentiaires de la Grande Bretagne pre- 
tendent qu'il foit exprime, que non-fenlement la France rendra 
ce qui a tit prisfur les Anglo j, niais encore, tout ce que /' 'Avgleterre 
ttjamais pijfidt de ce catt-la. Cette claule :'ncu . -lie eft dilrerente 
du projet, leroit une fource dedifficultes continuelles; mais pour 
les viter, le Roi a renvoye a fes Plenipotentiaires la meme carte 
de rAmerique Septentrionale qui leur avoit etc communiquee 
par les PlOnipotentiairei de la Grande Bretagne. Sa Mvijdle a 
fait tracer fur cette carte une lieTie qul marque les limites, de 
maniere qu'elle a lieu de croire qu'on pourra facilement con- 
venir fur ce point de part 

" Si toutefois il y avuit t-urcrc quelque difficnlte que Mef- 
fieurs les P16nij-c tentiaires ne puifent jqilanir, la decifion en feroit 
remife aux Commifiaires qi;i ll-runt uommes jx>ur r6gler les 
limites de 1'Amcrique. II eit porte par le me 1 .: : article, qu'il 
fera permis aux fujtti du ll(;i . i /rtir dL'< u; ('es lieux 

que fa Majeilc cede a la (". . :c (k l;i (7. Hretagne, 

d'cmporter avj^- tux L'urs l.iuis >.v :noi:bles, &: d'aller, foit par 
terre foit par mer, ou bon leur ilr.iblcra. Meiiieurs les Pleni- 
y-utcntiaires de ia France leur ont auiE rcferve la faculte de ven- 
tire leurs biens immeub'es dans 1'efpac? de trois ans. 

" Meiiieurs Its Picnipotentiaires de k Grande Bretagne con- 
teilent le terme de trois ans, & le veulf nt borner a un a*. Us 
prt-fendeqt de plus, faire une diitinclion dc.- lieux ced^s, & 
des lieux qu'ils appellent rcftitnc-'j. Us confeutent de laifler au 
Francois etablis dans les lieux c'd-s, ia facultc de vendre ieurs 
bicns immeubles dSiis 1'efpace d'un an. Mais ils pr&endent 
S 4 qu'ils 


was any thing in that grammatical contro- 
verfy but its having been difputed, I take it 
for granted the matter is long fince adjufted, 
or may very eafily be fo ; our AmbalTadors 
not taking notice of it in the inclofed points 

qu'ils ne doivent pas jouir de cette meme liberte dans les lieux 
reftitues. Us comprennent fous le nom de lieux cedes, 1'Acadie 
& Tide de Saint Chriftophe : fous le nom de lieux reftitues, 
la Bale & le*Detroit d'Hudfon, & 1'Ifle de Terreneuve. Pour 
lever cette difficult^, ou pent fixer le terme a deux ans ou dix- 
huitmois, & laifler aux Fran$ois etablis, foitdans les lieux cedes 
foit dans les lieux reftitues, une egale liberte de vendre leurs 
biens immeubles dans cette efpace de terns. 

" Sur Particle 10, Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires de France 
demandent que les Anglois obtenant le droit de porter leurs 
plaintes par devant les CommifTaires des dommages foufferts a 
la Baie d'Hudfon, les fujets du Roi aient aufli le meme droit & 
1'egard de 1 'affaire de Nieves & de celle dc Gambie. 

** Cette redprocite, dont Meflieurs les Pleuipotentiaires de 
la Grande Bretagne n'ont pas encore voulu convenir. paroit 
jufte : les Anglois auront aufli la liberte de reprefenter les 
pertes qu'ils ont faites 1'annee derniere a Monfaret & d'en fo- 
liciter le dc'dornmsoement qui lenr fern accorde. 

" II 6toit port6 par 1'article ' 1 1 du Projet, que les Francois 
ne pourroient pecher a Pavenir fur Us cotes de 1'Acadie. Mef- 
iieurs leb Plenipotentiaires de la Grande Bretagne veulent 
aujourd'hui etendre cette interdi61ion de la pec he. Us pre- 
tendent que les Francois ne'la pourront 'exeicer a trente lieues 
au fud-eft de cette Province, & a dix lieues an nord-oueft. 
Si cette pr tention avoit lieu, les Francois re pourroierii; pc> 
cher dans le Golfe meme de it. Lauienr. Ln proportion 
corrvuuiiquee a Monfieilf Prior aplainra cette difliculte, puif- 
qti'il eft marque qiie 1'Acadie eft ccdce avec tous le? droits & 
pn' ' riont les Franqois ont'joui. II eft inutile d'entrer 
dans n ;>articuiierr. 

" Sur i Rrjrcl v ., \j. -,;eursles Pienipotentiaires de la Grande 
Bretagne ont propofc de borner le te:r,s de la peche des Fran- 
^ois depuis les premiers jours d'Avril jufqifnu some Septem- 
bre. Mais tomme cette reftriftion nouvclle eft imprafticable, 
com lirti a 1'ufage ordinaire & a. la bonne inteliig^-iice qu'on 
vent etablir entre les deux nations, on eft periuade que la Reine 
de la Grande Bretagne la defapprouvera." 



in difpute* however, I was fatisfied that Mon- 
fieur tie Torcy fhould fend his remarks upon 
it, fmce his fo doing is a kind of ouverte atte, 
by which the French do once more previ- 
oufly acknowledge what they are to flipu- 
late with us in that behalf. 

The point concerning the fluices about 
Dunkirk, will admit of no difficulty, it hav- 
ing depended upon the efTential difference 
between demoliming the fortifications, and 
drowning the country, and upon the report 
which Mr. Hill, according to our Ambaf- 
fadors, and which your Lordfhip, according 
to Monfieur de Torcy, have made on this 

As to the limits of Hudfon's Bay, what the 
Miniftry here feem to apprehend, at leaft in 
virtue of the general expreifion, tout ce que 
r Angkterre a jamais poffede de ce cote-la, 
which they ailert to be wholly new, and 
which I think is really fb, fince our Pleni- 
potentiaries make no mention of it, may 
give us occafion to encroach at any time 
upon their dominions in Canada, I have an- 
fwered, that fmce, according to the carte 
which came from our Plenipotentiaries, 
marked with the extent of what was thought 



"our dominion, and returned by the French 
with what they judged the extent of theirs, 
there was no very great difference, and that 
'the parties who determine that difference 
muft be guided by the fame carte ; I thought 
that article would admit no dilpute, in cafe 
it be either determined immediately by the 
Plenipotentiaries, or referred to Commif- 
fioners. I take leave to add to your Lordihip, 
that thefe limitations are no other wife ad- 
vantageous or prejudicial to Great Britain, 
than as we are better or worfe with the 
native Indians, and that the whole is a mat- 
ter rather of induftry than dominion. 

If there be any real difference between 
rejiitution and cejjion^ qucerititr \ yet iiuce in 
either cafe, the right -of the inhabitant as. 
to transferring his goods and effects, or dif- 
pofing of his perfon and family, is always 
provided for in treaty, I leave it to your 
Lordmip's better judgment, if. a fixed time 
in either cafe, fuppofe eighteen months or 
two years, does not put the fubjed, who is to 
have the benefit which rejlhutlon or cejfion 
grants him, upon an equaler foot, and coq- 
fequently lefs to be contefted, than if the 
terms of time were different ? Your Lord- 



fhip fees the limitation comes up pretty near 
to what our Plenipotentiaries infift upon, 
/. e. a year, allowing fome months for 
the people in thole remote parts to be in- 
formed of the agreement made here. This 
article therefore, if agreed, will therefore 
comprehend thofe of Hudion's Bay, New- 
foundland, Acadie, and St. Chnftopher's. 

Our Plenipotentiaries mention nothing 
relating to the loth article, by which in 
Monfieur de Torcy's memoire, your Lord- 
fhip fees thofe of France demand that the 
fubjecls of the Crown may exhibit their 
complaints to Commiffioners hereafter to be 
named, in relation to their lofles at Nieuves 
and Gambie, I mean what we owe them 35 
to Nieuves, in like manner as the fubjecls 
pf her Majefly are to exhibit their com- 
plaints as to Hudfon's Bay ; your Lordmip 
will fee that I have got a like claufe added 
in favour of her Majefty's fubjecls, for the 
lofles they fuftained laft year at Montferrat, 
which I hope may indemnify the particular 
fufferers in that cafe, and prevent the ill 
effects which, as your Lordmip writ me 
word fome months fince, might be appre- 
hended from the murmurs raifed upon that 
fubjeft. The 


The demand which our Plenipotentiaries 
make, that the French (hall not fifh within 
thirty leagues of the fouth-eaft of Acadie, 
i. e. upon the long bank which runs from 
weft to eaft before that country, was founded 
upon this aflertion, that while Acadie was 
in the French hands, we were obliged to the 
like reftriclion, and cbnfequently the words 
in the propofal lately fent, " que la province 
de V Acadie, avec tons ks droits ? prerogatives 
dont ks Francois ontjoui,fera cede par fa Ma- 
jefte a la Reme de la Grande Bretagne" ad- 
mits our claim, and finimes the diipute, as 
Monfieur de Torcy obferves in the inclofed 
memorial j but as to their being forbid to 
fh within ten leagues of the north-weft of 
Acadie, Meffieurs Torcy and Defmarais, 
think the proportion wholly new ; alledge it 
deprives them of the benefit of fifhing on 
the coaft of Cape Breton, cannot but caufe, 
what in every other part of our demands 
we feem t6 avoid, a future and frequent 
difpute between our timers of each nation. 

The reftraining their fifhery to an exacl 
time, /. e. between fhe ift of April till the 
2oth of September, they likewife except 
againft, as new, and hope it will not be 



Inftfted on. Monfieur de Torcy civilly tak- 
ing notice that we were not fo unkind as to 
offer fuch a reflri&ion to the Hollanders, or 
any other nation, upon any occafion, or at 
any time ; and Monfieur Defmarais, with 
more warmth, proving it impracticable, that 
their fimers fetting out from hence, confi- 
dering the hazards of wind, and uncertain- 
ties of their voyage, mufl either be on the 
coaits before the day prefcribed, and in this 
cafe mufl flay inactive, at the lofs both of 
their time and their provifions, or, coming 
too late, would not be able to cure, and re- 
turn their fifh within a convenient feafbn; 
this, they faid, was not of a piece with the 
gens amicijjima^ and would be rather an un- 
kind mark of diflinclion. fet upon them, than 
a real advantage to us. 

The ifle of St. Peter, which our Pleni- 
potentiaries fay the French demand, your 
Lordfhip will fee, is yielded to us, in thofe 
words of the propoial lately fent, avec la 
Terreneuve, & les ties adjacentes a cette f/f. 
The reafon why, as your Lordfhip remem- 
bers, Monfieur Mefnager lafl year infifled 
fo much upon this ifland of St. Peter, and 
why the French would have confined our 



pofTeffioris of the ifles round Newfoundland* 
to a certain diftance, out of which St. Pe- 
ter's would yet be exempted, is, that though 
they had yielded, as they have done by the 
propofal, that; part of the coafts to us, as to 
drying, &c. they {Hll would have had the 
convenience of drying upon this little ifle : 
but it is now evidently given to us, as be- 
longing to Newfoundland ; and they take 
the ifle of St. Paul to be as evidently yielded 
to them, as belonging to Cape Breton i and 
fo the whole matter refts plain and deter- 
mined, luppoiing always that the propofal be 
agreed tOi 

Give me leave, my Lord, to remark, Upori 
the head of Newfoundland, that the laft 
offer made by the French Plenipotentiaries 
to ours, was, that they, the French, mould 
fifh from the Bay of Fortune round by the 
north of Bonavifta; this was the fame which 
the Minifters here offered to me; and from 
the Bay of Fortune they receded to Cap Roi : 
but in the propofal fent by me, their liberty- 
begins only from Point Rich; that there is a 
great tracl: between the Bay and the Cape 
and the Point above mentioned, and both 
thefe traces capable of an excellent fifhery, 
2 which, 


which, as I have heard, declines in its value 
as the ifland from Point Rich grows ftraighter 
towards the north-eaft. 

The difference in the treaty of commerce 
relating to the liberty of the Englifh fub- 
je<5t trading, is, your Lordfliip fees by the 

inclofed memoir e agreed in the manner as 

, ,x - 

our Plenipotentiaries defire. As is likewife 
the ftipulation defired, that the tarif of 1 664 
mall be the bafe upon which our mutual 
commerce mall be founded, and the rule to 
which our acts of Parliament and the French 
edicts mall be reduced. I add to jour Lord- 
fhip, this little book of their .edicts; not 
knowing if it is not rare in England. I came 
only to Paris to difpatch this courier, and go 
again to Verfailles to-morrow, to fee what 
thefe people have farther to fay to me before 
the King goes to Marly, which will be on 
Wednefday, after which the ten days of 
his flaying there makes a fort of vacance 
from all bunnefs. 

I expect his Grace of Shrew {bury here 
every day, having advice that [on the third 
he was at Margate, and expected the next 
day at .Calais. I am, with great refpect, 
your Lordfhip's, &c. M. PRIOR. 



De Monfieur de Torcy. 

A Verfailles, ce 291116 Decembre, 1712. 
VOUS nous avez renvoye, my Lord, 
{bus Texterieur de Matthieu, le veritable fils 
de Monfieur Buys; il ne lui manque que 
de remplir la verre de fon pere. II eft d'ail- 
leurs auffi Hollandois, & je crois beaucoup 
plus opiniatre. II a falu ceder & fe confor- 
mer prefques a tout ce qu'il a voulu ; encore 
n'etoit-il pas content ; j'efpere cependant 
que vous le ferez, & que toutes les difficul- 
tes qui arretent encore la fignature du traite 
vont etre levees -, mais je vous avoue, que 
je m' attends a des reproches terribles de la 
part des Plenipotentiaires du Roi, qui dif- 
putoient fortement avec les votres fur des 
articles que Matthieu a obtenus fans beau- 
coup de peine, & peut-etre avec moins de 
raifbn. Enfin je crois que vous ferez plus 
content de ion Excellence que je ne le fuis, 
& j'efpere que Monfieur le Due de Shrew f- 
bury, que j'attends a tout moment, trouvera 
que les chofes ont etc bien avancees. Je ne 
doute pas auffi qu'on ne les avance du cote 
d 1 Utrecht, & que vos allies ne fe mettent a 
la raifon. 

4 II 


11 faut laifler prefentement a Monfieur le 
Due d'Aumont a vous entretenir fur ces ma- 
tieres ; mais je vous fupplie, my Lord, dc 
ne me pas doiiner mon conge ; je vous af- 
fure, que quand je ferois reduit a ne vous 
ecrire que des lettres de bonnes fetes, j'aU 
merois mieux vous en importuner que de 
me croire expofe a etre oublie de vous* 

Avant que de recourir a cette derniere 
reflburce, vous me ddniiez, my Lord, de 
nouveaux fujets de vous remercier des 
bonnes que offices vousco ntinuez de rendre 
an Due de St. Pierre. II n'y a ceftainement 
perfonne a qui j'aime mieux etre oblige qu'a 
vous, & ma fatisfaclion fera parfaite fi je 
trouve jamais les moyens de vous marquer 
que je fuis, avec rattachement le plus fin- 
cere, &, permettez-mdi de dire, le plus teri- 
c-lre, votre, &c. 


Matthieii m'a dit, Monfieur, qu'il depc- 
choit un courier a Angleterre, ainfi vous 
ferez informe par lui de Tetat ou nous 
avons mis le refte des difficultes qui arre- 
toient encore la conclufion du traite. 

An nom de Dieu, donnez ordre a Mef- 
VOL. III. T fieurs 


fieurs vos Plenipotentiaires, d'etre moms 
bons grammairiens ; les notres qui enten- 
dent aulTi la force des expreffions Latines 
s'impatientent de voir renaitre des difficultes 
terminees ii y a long- terns, & d'en voir for- 
mer des nouvelles fur la difference de cef- 
fion & de reftitution & fur les attributes de 
ces deux termes. En verite, ces queftions 
ne devroient pas amufer d'honetes gens. On 
les pardonne tout au plus a ceux a qui Ton 
repond amantlum irce. Terminez done, 
Monfieur, des difputes dont nos ennemis 
feuls profiteroient fi elles duroient encore 

Vous laiflez ennuyer Monfieur le Due 
d'Aumont a Boulogne, & je furs perfuade 
que depuis qu'il eft en cette ville, 1'impa- 
tience qu'il avoit de pafler en Angleterre eft 
encore augmentee ; j'en aurois beaucoup, fi 
j'etois en ia place, de vous afTurer que per- 
fonne n'eft avec plus de verite, & plus par- 
faitement, Monfieur, votre, &c. 



To Sir Thomas Hanmer. 
S i R, 


IF you received no letters fio'm me upoa 
your arrival at Paris, according to my pro- 
mile, it was becauie I found all my acquaint- 
ance there prepared to do the honours of 
their country ; and I inuft have been guilty 
of an impertinent afFe&ation, if I had gone 
about to recommend one whofe perfonal 
merit being already known, had done that 
office much more effectually for himfelf. 
The Duke and Duchefs of Shrewfbury will 
be arrived, I hope, long before this letter 
comes to your hands. I envy no pleafure 
which fo good a friend enjoys, but* I mail 
often wim myfelf with you, and mall form 
in my fancy a multitude of agreeable par- 
ties, the amufements of which I long to 

If I have the honour of a line from y6u, 
pray 'give me fbme account of Mat's private 
life. Once I was in the gentleman's fecret ; 
but his laft difpatch contains, in almoft a 
ream of paper, nothing but folemn accounts 
of bufmefs, fuch as made me expect to find 
T 2 Jo. 


Jo. Werden, inftead of Mat, Prior, at thd 
bottom of the voluminous epiftle. We hear 
much of a certain eloped nun, who has fup- 
plafited the nut-brown maid. 

The laft letters frotn Madrid, and the laft 
conferences which we had with the Marquis 
,de Monteleon, give us reafon to hope that 
we mall foon fettle every thing with the 
Court of Spain, in a manner agreeable to 
them, and not a little advantageous to us. 
The differences with France are, I think* 
reduced to two fhort propositions; though 
the Plenipotentiaries of Utrecht feem ftill 
to think themfelves at a great diftance from 
each other ; the Dutch will fubmit, and the 
Moft Auguft Emperor muft fubmit. Thus 
are we come very near a concluiion ; but I 
am not, however, fanguine enough to ima- 
gine that a peace* iigned and ratified, can be 
laid before the Parliament at the time to 
which the two Houfes ftandnow prorogued, 
I take it for granted, that the feffion will 
be deferred at leaft a fortnight or three 
weeks farther. 

May I aik when you defign to return to 
us ? Wherever you are you have not a 
more faithful aad obedient, humble fervant 


To the Earl of Sir afford. 

Whitehall, January 36, O.S. 1712. 

I AM really in fuch a iituation that it is 
impoffible to be punctual, as I would always 
wifh to be in my correfpondence with your 
Lordfhip ; which, as I know ypu are not ig- 
norant of, fo I know you are juft enough 
to give allowances for it. 

I begin now by heartily congratulating 
your Lordfhip on the fair profpecl: which we 
have before 113 of ending this tedious, intri- 
cate, and fb much traverfed negociation. I 
judge as you do of the French impatience, 
and have feen in my correfpondence the 
fume fymptoms thereof which you are 
pleafed to mention. 

We are going to difpatch a courier to 
Spain, in concert with the Marquis de Mon- 
tclcon j and I hope all matters are as good 
as fettled with that Court, in a manner ex- 
tremely advantageous and honourable to the 
Queen. I gave your Lordfhip a character 
of Mr. Gilligan, and can a(Ture you, that he 
has more than anfwered all I faid of him. 

Your Lordfhips will draw your treaties 
T 3 with 


with France now into a perfect form, and 
then we may venture to meet the Parlia- 
ment, from whom I dare prophecy that 
fuch of the allies as hang back will receive 
little encouragement. 

Really, my Lord, the French are imper- 
tinent, in pretending toimpofe as conditions, 
what, if they had offered with that air, would 
not have been accepted. The two papers 
mentioned were lent by Mr. Prior, and put 
by him into my hands, without one word to 
accompany them, from Monfieur de Torcy ; 
I forgot to give them to you, which might 
be occafioned by the little weight which was 
laid on them, and I fent them as loon as I 
thought of them : but enough of a matter 
which does not deferve the trouble your 
Lordmip's good-nature towards me makes 
you take. If the French can get thefe ex- 
ceptions out of their ceflion, it is well for 
them ; but, I befeech your Lordfliips, let 
not Monfieur de Polignac, nor Mefnager, nor 
any one elfe, prefume to fay they were made 
conditions of the ceilion of Toui nay, for it is 
falfe, and I will juftify it to be fo. 

The Bimop's* conduct is, I own to your 

* Of Briftol. 



Lordfhip, very unaccountable ; the papers 
were fent as papers which I omitted by mif- 
take to give you, and ought not to have 
been kept from you ; as to his knowing 
Prior's plan, brought from France, I confefs 
I am in the dark. I know nothing brought 
by Prior more than what you, my Lord, was 
apprized of when you was here ; and if there 
was any thing farther brought, which I do 
_not believe, I am not, upon my honour, in. 
the fecret. What has pafTed, I agree with 
you, fhould never be fpoken of, and I pro- 
mife your Lordfhip never to fpeak of it; but 
on this occafion I cannot help to you v as a 
friend, to take notice, that I writ fome pri- 
vate letters to my Lord Privy Seal, at times 
when you was abfent from Utrecht, to which 
he never condefcended to afford the leaft an- 
fwer ; particularly once I acquainted him 
with fome informations which I had of very 
fcandalous difcourfes held by Mr. Jefferies, 
concerning the Queen's meafures ; and I 
added, that I had not complained to her Ma- 
jefty of the gentleman, becaufe I knew he 
had been recommended by his Lordfliip. 
I am not confcious that I ever did any 
thing to deferve his Lordfbip's contempt or 

T 4 neglea, 



neglect, and therefore am the lefs concerned 
at either. 

I understand, by your Lordflnps' joint- 
letter of the loth, the ftate of commerce 
better than I did before, and hope on Tuef- 
day to clear up the clouds, and enable your 
Lordfhip to conclude : let me defire, that 
when you have done fo, you will propofe to 
have copies made, examined, and agreed to, 
by the French and your Lordmip, and thefe 
copies to be fent to the refpective Courts. 

Be fo good as to comfort Weftcombe. : I 
may give you the true reafon, though I dare 
not give it him, of his being difappointed : 
1 fpoke formerly to the Queen for the Con- 
fuunip of Bourdeaux for him, and I thought, 
indeed, that the Queen had promifed it to 
him ; fince that, application has been made, 
underhand, for another, aiid has fucceeded. 
All I can do at prefent is, to offer to ufe my 
iiitereft to procure him the Confulfhip of 
Flanders, the drunken beaft who has it be.- 
jn^ no longer to be endured. 

My good Lord ? believe, &c. 


To the Duke of Shrewjlury. 

Whitehall, January yth, O.S. 1712-13. 

THE liberty your Grace allowed rne to 
take of troubling you fome times with my 
letters, is fb much to my advantage, that 
you muft not be furprized if I begin thus 
foon to make ufe of it, 

The Duke d'Aumont arrived here on 
Friday, and, according to his calculation, 
your Grace arrived the fame day at Paris, fo 
that I make no doubt but the Queen's Mi- 
niftcrs having fent you from Utrecht an ac- 
count of the prefent ftate of things, your 
Grace has by this time brought the negoci- 
ation out of the labyrinth into which it 
began to be carried. 

The laft letters which I have received 
from the Plenipotentiaries put the difpute 
as to commerce in a very clear light, and 
if my Lords had explained themfelves fooner 
in the fame manner, they would have efcaped 
the trouble of reading, as I mould have done 
of writing, fome very voluminous diipatches. 

I wifh they may urbderftand rightly the 
intention of the French, if there is no miftake 



between them, that great bone of contention 
is very near removed. They fay now, that 
we are to be allowed all the benefits of ami- 
ciffima gens in France, and the French the 
fame in Britain. That in coniequence here- 
of, we are to be allowed the tarif of 1664; 
not on our bringing the duties laid by that 
tarif on Britim goods, but on our bringing 
the duties here on French goods to the fame 
proportions as other nations pay here for 
goods of the fame forts. My Lords add, 
that the work of the Commiffioners is to be 
only this : that whereas in the articles ex- 
cluded we demand fomething more than 
what the general title of amicijjlma gens en- 
titles us to, thefe Ccmmiflioners are to fettle 
-an equivalent for fo many of fuch concef- 
fions as France fhall make. 

Upon this foot, your Grace fees, a great 
part of the difficulties apprehended is re- 
moved, fince France gives up the principle 
which we thought they adhered to, of oblig- 
ing us to make a tarif proportionate to that 
of 1664. I confefs, Mr. Prior's letters led 
me to think that this difficulty ftill fubfifted; 
but fmce it is vanimed at Utrecht, I take 
it for granted you do not meet with it at 
i Paris. 


Paris, We are pretty fafe if nothing is to 
be referred to Commiffioners, but what we 
demand in reference to the four excepted 
fpecies, or over and above the tarif of 1 664 ; 
and yet, I fliould hope, that till the lafl thele 
points need not be abfoluf ely yielded, though 
I think the Queen would much fooner refer 
them than delay iigning her treatv a day. 

The other principal article of difpute, is 
about North America. By what Mr. Prior 
writes, I perceive the French arc already 
come to that expedient, which I had pre- 
pared to be offered if nothing elfe would do, 
and which was not thought proper to be 
made an inilrucHou to your Grace. They 
muft make us ealy in agreeing to what you 
have to aik; the difference to them between 
not riming at all on the coafl of Newfound- 
land, and being confined to fifh in the north- 
ern parts only, cannot poffibly be very mo- 
mentous, when they have the entire coafl 
of Cape Breton to themfelves ; but the dif- 
ference to us is very efTential, with refpet 
to popularity and opinion, between having 
the ifland abfolutely without any interfering 
right, and having the lovereignty of the 
whole, whilft they remain entitled to put 



part of it to the only ufe for which it is va- 

My Lord Treafurer has been very much 
indifpofed, and that indifpofition has retarded 
the departure of the Marquis de Monteleon's 
courier, vvhofe diipatches would, I believe, 
wind up our difputes with Spain ; we hope, 
however, this week the letters may be fent. 

Thus, my Lord, the Parliament not meet- 
ing till the end of January or beginning of 
February, the Queen will be able to fpeak 
of her own interefts as determined. That 
thole of her allies are no farther fettled, me 
will attribute to the true cauies ; and if the 
Dutch and Imperial politicians do once more 
wait for miracles to be wrought in their 
favour by the Whigs in Parliament, I make 
no doubt of their being difappointed, fince 
we are folemnly promilsd that our whole 
ftrength is to appear on the nrft day of the 

I omit to take notice to your Grace of any 
other differences ftill fubiiiling between us 
and the French, becaufe they are really 
unworthy of your Grace's attention, and be- 
iides in a letter to Mr. Prior, which anfwers 



all the parts of two 1 received from him, 
I enter into this detail. 

I inclofe to your Grace, the letter of the 
States to the Queen, and her Majefty's an- 
fwer ; by the next courier, you mail receive 
their remarks, and our anfwers to them : if 
you find any thing harfh, your Grace muft 
attribute it to the knowledge we have that 
the Dutch change only in appearance, and 
that even thefe fubmiflive meafures are 
taken in concert with our Whigs here. From 
hence your Grace eafily judges how neceflary 
it is ibon to be at a certainty with France" 
and Spain. I will add another reafon for 
coming to an agreement of every thing at 
Paris, and that is, that I find fome people 
in Holland unwilling to have done. 

The Queen has been out of order with 
the gout in her arm, and a cold, but the 
indifpofition is of no confequence. 

I fhall do myfelf the honouf to write to 
your Grace on Saturday next, and am, with 
the trueft refpcCr, my Lord, 

Your Grace's, &c. 

A Madame 


A Madame de Feriole. 

De Whitehall, ce yme Janvfer, V.S. 1712. 

EN verite, Madame, vos lettres me ren- 
dent confus, & au lieu de me favoir bon 
ore des petits fervices que j'ai tacbe de ren- 
dre a Monfieur TAbbe de Tencin, je iuis au 
defefpoir de n'avoir pu repondre d'une meil- 
lenre maniere a toutes les bontes que vous 
avez pour moi. Confervez-moi, s'il vous 
plait, une place dans votre fouvenir, comp- 
tez que par la bonte de mon coeur je ta- 
cherai de fuppleer aux defauts de mon efprit, 
& que defefperant de reuffir du cote de la 
tendreffe, jc ferai mes plus grands efforts pour 
reuffir du cote de I'efHme. Je fuis, Ma- 
dame, & je ferai toujours, avec une sefpecl: 
infmi, votre, &c. 

A Madame la Marqulfe de Croiffy. 

De Whitehall, cc 7 me Janvier, V.S. 1712. 

JE vous jure, Madame, que je rougis de 

honte, quand je fonge a la peine que vous avez 

prife, pour me faire avoir les deux plus jolies 

bagatelles que j'ai jamais vu. L'ouvrier a eii 



tort, Madame, en ne pas comprenant qu'une 
tabatiere de bois fut de mon gout. Quand 
1'interieur eft beau, il n'y a lien qui me 
charme comme une iimplicite pas dehors, & 
je connois bien de gens qui feroient infiniment 
meilleure figure dans le monde s'ils refem- 
bloient un pen plus a cette tabatiere. 

Au refte, Madame, il ne faut pas que je 
vous importune de toutes les fa9ons, il eft 
terns que je finiiTe ma lettre en vous fuppleant 
de croire que je fuis, avec tout le refped & 
tout 1'attachement poffible, 

Madame, votre, &c. 

Je prends la liberte de vous envoyer, Ma- 
dame, de 1'eau de miel, de 1'eau de Barbades, 
& du vin d'Efpagne, qui reufliront, j'efpere, 
mieux qu le cidre. 

From Mr. Prior. 

January 14th, 1712-13. 

I VENTURE this letter by way of Dunkirk, 
to tell you that his Grace of Shrewfbury 
arrived here yefterday, and has had a confer- 
ence with Monfieur de Torcy this morning ; 
his Grace goes to Verfailles or Marli (for 


which of the two is not yet determined) oni 
Monday, after which you will hear from us 
In the mean time, we daily eXped to hear 
from your Lordlhip, in anfwer to the two 
points of Newfoundland and commerce, 
which is the occafion of troubling you with 
this at 12 at night, January i4th, 171 = 
Yonr's, M, PRIOR, 

To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, January 7th, O.S. 1712. 

THERE is a very formal difpatch, in an- 
fwer to every paragraph of your letters begun, 
but bufinefs intervenes, and this courier goes 
to-morrow morning, fo that you muft, pour 
le coup, be fatisfied with this fhort billet-doux, 
The fubftance, however, of every thing ma- 
terial is in my letter to the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury. You have before you but two points 
of view of confequence, finifh them well, the 
other matters cannot be finifhed ill. 

We (hall fend a courier to Spain, on Sa- 
turday, he pafTes by Paris, and by him you 
ihall have the letter which I intended by this 
opportunity to have fent you, Adieu, 

a The 


The truffles were good ; I gave them the 
Queen, (he liked them, wi/hed they had been 
marbre within, I give you the hint. I en- 
quire of Sir T. Hanmer, after your private 
life. Again, Adieu, I am ever yours. 

May I take leave to afFure my Lady Duchefs 
of my moft humble fervices ? 

A Monjieur de Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce yme Janvier V.S. 1712-13. 

IL ne faut pas que le courier du Due d' Au- 
mont part fans qu'il vous porte de mes nou- 
velles. J'ai goute trop long-terns de la dou- 
ceur de votre correfpondance, pour pouvoir 
confentir a en etre prive $ & de tous les avan- 
tages que Dieu, la nature, on la fortune, o'nt 
donne a Monfieur le Due de 'Shrewfbury, 
celui que je lui envie le plus eft de fe trouver 
dans une fituation ou il vous voit tous les 
jours, & ou a tous momens il peut jouir de 
votre converfation. 

J'efpere, Monfieur, que les difputes entre 
Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires feront,-a 1'heure 
qu'il eft, finies, puifqu'il m'a paru par les let- 

VoL.III. L U tres 


tres que j'ai re9u du lome d'Utrecht, qu'on 
commen9oit a s'approcher fur cet article du 
traite de commerce, qui a etc le principal fujet 
de leurs differents, & qui peut-etre n'a jamais 
ete trop bien eclairci, de part ni d'autre. 

II y a de certaines chofes qui ne font de 
confequence que parce qu'on les difputes, la 
difference entre les termes cedendis & reftitu- 
endts, entre ajfumpjit & ufurpavit ou arrogavit, 
n'eft pas fort eiFentielle ; les efprits ne font 
pourtant un pen aigris dans la difpute, & il a 
falu prendre quelque peine pour convaincre 
de certains gens que la chofe ne meritoit au- 
cune attention. 

Depuis que j'ai fu que le Due de Shrewf- 
bury a pafle la mer j'ai eu Fefprit en repos ; 
finiflez au nom de Dieu avec lui, & quand 
vous aurez fini, ecrivez de concert aux Ple- 
nipotentiaries a Utrecht. Je compte que les 
points que nous avons eu a demeler avec la 
, cour d'Efpagne font termines par la facilite 
que la Reine a donnee. Ainfi, Monfieur, fa 
Majeile pourra ouvrir la ieance du Parlement, 
en parlant de la negociation avec la France & 
TEfpagne comme conclue. 

Je ne fais s'ii n'y a quelques-uns encore 
parmi les miniftres d'Hollande, qui fe flattent 



de pouvoir brouiller les affaires, par les in- 
trigues qu'ils continuent a trainer avec les 
fa&ieux des deux Chambres. Je vous avoue 
que je ne le crains pas, & je fonde mes afTu- 
rances, non-feulement fur la fermete qui fe 
trouvera ici, mais aufli fur la droiture & fur la 
moderation qui fe rencontrera de votre cote. 
II eft terns de finir & la negociation & ma 
lettre, en vous afTurant que je fuis, & que je 
ferai toute ma vie, Monfieur, votre, &c. 


To Lord Lexington. 

Whitehall, January yth, 1712. 

I HAVE waited for the opportunity of writ- 
ing to you which now offers, and which I 
embrace with pleafure. 

By the papers inclofed, your Lordfhip will 
fee that the Queen has gone the utmoft 
length me is able, in her compliance with the 
King of Spain, and your Lordmip will pleafe 
to make the Minifters at Madrid fenfible of 
this, as I think we have made the Marquis de 

In (hort, my Lord, there is no more time 

U 2 tO 

LETT* 1 *" 

to be loft, and we n ufl Cither agree on th?fe 
overtures, or w may be carried into another 

As the Spaniards are very uneafy under the 
article of 1 5 per cent, fo it is to be hoped they 
will readily fubmit to thofe terms which are 
ftated as the equivalents for it, and then our 
efiential points are concluded. 

The bargain made for fix French {hips to 
trade to the South Sea, gets wind, and makes 
the noife, and has the effecl, which your 
Lordfhip may imagine; it is of abfolute necef- 
fity to prevent the execution of this contract, 
which would have the mod mifchievous con- 
fequences, by reviving all thefe jealouiies that 
firft caufed, and afterwards animated the war, 
and that are hardly yet extinguished. The 
Queen does her part, and I may fay, the court 
of Spain will be left without excufe, if they 
perfift in a meafure fo dangerous, fo destructive 
of their true intereir., and fo repugnant to 
their ancient maxims. Once more, my Lord, 
it is high time to conclude ; the Parliament 
ftands now prorogued to the third of February, 
.Q.S. the Queen muft fpeak of her interefts 
as determined with France and Spain ; Should 
the negociation afterwards appear to be foil 



open, nobody can anfwer for the confe- 

I cannot help thinking that it is deferable, 
as foon as Mr. Gilligan and the commiffion- 
crs appointed to confer with him have agreed, 
that this agreement fhould be drawn into 
form, figned by your Lordfliip and a Spa- 
nifh Minifter, and fent by the courier who 
brings this difpatch immediately hither. And 
now, my Lord, give me leave to fay, as your 
humble fervant, I muft take part in the fa- 
tisfadion you will feel, and in the honour 
you will have, by concluding matters of fo 
great importance to the iervice of the Queen, 
and to the lafting advantage of our country. 

I hope and I perfuade myfelf that Mr. Cle- 
mente * has been of ufe to your Lordmip, in 
which cafe I make no doubt of your being 
a kind patron to him. The Marquis (Je Mon- 
teleon has promifed me to recommend him to 
his Court, and if the impreifions which I heard 
were given of him, fuch a recommendation 
will not be unfeafonable. 

The Dutch, the Emperor himfelf, and the 
other allies, begin now to tfreat, and will I be- 

* The reader will recolleft that Clernente was the difco- 
verer of" Count Gallas's proceedings. 

U 3 lieve, 


lievc, conclude a peace, fince a war is no 
longer practicable ; but I doubt their preten- 
fions are higher than the conjuncture which 
their obftinacy has produced, will admit of. 
I am, my Lord, &c. 

From Mr, Prior. 

Paris, January Sth-igth, 1713. 

IMMEDIATELY upon my Lord Duke's 
arrival, I mowed his Grace the propofals I 
had given to, this Court as an overture for 
our commerce, as like wife thofe which I 
received from Monfieur Defrnarais, upon 
which I expect your Lbrdmip's obfervations 
and directions ; what Monfieur Defmarais 
has iince faid to me, and Monfieur de Torcy 
to his Grace, is juft an explanation of the 
fame thing : that the French ufe other na- 
tions as they do their own fubjecls ; which, 
on the contrary, they do not, requiring from 
all ftrangers and aliens, duties, &c. and 
having laid higher duties than any other 
people in Europe, upon all nations ' what- 
foever j and confequently that the French, 
upon the foot of gens qmicijjima, could pro- 



mile themfelves no other certitude than 
that the ufage they would receive from us, 
*n relation to what others receive, would 
be tolerable, but in relation to what we 
fhould receive from them, it would be very 
unequal. That they never intended to give 
the tarif of 1664 to the Dutch, without 
Ibme confiderable exceptions, particularly 
that of cloth and ferges ; fo that if they 
could allow us the certain advantages of this 
tarif, while they lie under the uncertainties 
into which our propoial would throw them, 
we fhould not, however, obtain what we 
aim at, which they think is to pour im- 
mediately into France fuch vaft quantities 
of cloth as would glut their markets at pre- 
fent, and overftock them for feveral years to 
come. The reafon, fay they again, why 
they treat with the Dutch upon 1664, is, 
that fince that time the States have not 
augmented their imports upon French goods, 
yet the courfe of the French commerce, and 
their reafons of ftate, have obliged them, 
as your Lordfhip hears often enough from 
Utrecht, to except to the Dutch fome Ipe- 
cies out of the tarif jult now mentioned. 
The fame referve they had in the treaty of 
U u 4 commerce 


commerce with Holland, at Ryfwick, ar- 
ticle 1 2 : 

JJon fera imwouveau tarif commun, & fui- 
vant la conveyance reciproque, dans le terns de 
trois mols ; G? cependant k tarif de fan 1667 
fera execute par provi/ion : 6? en cas quon ne 
convienne pas dans le dit terns du dit tarif nou- 
'ueau^ le tarif de Fan 1664 aura lieu pour Va~ 

Now, fay they, the Englifh have in- 
creafed their impofls upon French goods 
almoft every Parliament iince 1664; if, 
therefore, they fix, that yea/ as the epoch 
from whence their commerce fhall be dated, 
in relation to that of this kingdom, there 
mutt be a reciprocity on both fides as to the 
time : Monfieur Defmarais infifts, that even 
then the balance lay evidently on the Englim 
fide. This, upon the whole, they propofe 
as the bafis upon which our commerce may 
icciprocally reft, and to which both nations 
fhould endeavour to bring it. That provi- 
iional articles may be drawn up accordingly, 
to be inferted in a treaty of commerce, in 
which all other national points may be ad- 
jufted, and a time therein fpecified, in which 
both nations fhall endeavour to bring their 



ats of parliament and edicls to this cer- 
tain point. 

The farm of tobacco*, they infift, is an 
annual fund, appropriated to the King's ufe, 
and more certain as to its produce than any 
other in France ; and that our merchants, in 
this cafe, have no other reafon to complain 
than their own, being both upon equal foot. 

The matter of Confuls they will, I fee, 
reject ; none of that kind, as they fay, be- 
ing allowed in this nation ; and they de- 
firing to have none with us, all mercantile 
difputes being referable to the Minifters 
which each nation may refpeclively have in 
the Court of the other : but this is only 
what I have gathered in difcourfe with 
them) and mall reprefent or drop as you 
pleafe to fend me her Majefty's commands. 

I lend your Lordfhip, by the Duke of 
Shrevvfbury's knowledge and direction, the 
inclofed memoir -f, concerning Newfound- 

* In France, the taxes and duties were farmed, in the fame 
planner as our poft-horie tax. 

f From Monjieur dc Torcy, annary 14 and 17, in relation to 
^ewfoundl nd. 

" THAT when the French gave up to the Queen the pro- 
perty of Newfoundland, they iUl relerved to themfelves the 
f igh^ of fcfhing, as fpecifkd in the preliminary. 



land, as his Grace fends it to my Lord Dart- 

J am ever, my Lord, your Lordfhip's, &c. 


* That in all which parted fince, they have conftantly re- 
peated and infilled upon the right thus referved. 

" That they have as conftantly aflerted their right to Cape 
Breton, and have never receded from it. 

" That the fifhery of Cape Breton is infufficienr, with re- 
lation to the extent of that coaft; and that it is not of the 
fame kind with that which they flil) referved to themfelvcs 
on the coaft of Newfoundland. 

** That the Newfoundland fifhery is abfolutcly neceflary 
for the fupport of the kingdom in general, and more par- 
ticularly for the fubiiftance of the maritime provinces of Weft 
Fiance, where thoufmds of families would be reduced to beg- 
gary, in cafe that fiftiery be taken from them, and will fuffer 
very much by the conctffiom already made. 

" Th^.t if, as they take for granted, we propofe to ex- 
tend and advance our o\vn fifliery, we have aft. ally clone it, 
both as to Newfoundland and Acadie (i) ; but if, on the 
oth r hand, we propofe utterly to deftroy their fifhing trade, 
it is what from the fir r they never intended to fubmit, and to 
which they never can confent. 

** In cafe therefore it may not be thought fit to accept the 
propcfition as fent by r. Prior, but that the Duke of 
Shrewfbmy fhall adhere to -his laft i;;ftruclion, as it may be 
very reafouably apprehended that thefe people, rather than 
quit Newfoundland entirely, will -frick to the general right 
of fiftring, referved to them in the preliminary ankle, (till 
aflerting their pioperty *o Cape Breton, as never given up; 
or yet if they hoki us to the article, though th.y give up Cape 
Breton, having their eye ftill upon fome o;he, place or places 
in the iflands of the Gulph of Sr. Lawrence, to fortify, and 
thereby facilitate their commerce to Canada ; in either of 
thefe cafes, and upon the whole that has been written upon 
this fubjeci, her Majcfty's final orders for the determining 
this article, are ddired."" 

(i) Nova Scotia. 

? Matt 


Matt to Henry. 

Paris, January i2th-23rd, 1713. 
I HAVE heard no more from the Con- 
grefs at Utrecht, than if it were the coun- 
cil of Jerufalem; what laft I had from 
tlience, I faithfully transfered to you, ex- 
pecting your orders thereupon ; if you agree 
with the propofal of Newfoundland, which 
is the fame you and I (N.B. this is Matt 
and Harry) laid down ; and if we can take 
1 664 for our plan, in order to reduce the 
traffic to that aera, the peace is made : other- 
wife, I fee no more ; not but that I am 
ready to fwim as long as you pleafe in alto 
mari or fuper ahum mare, for that you re- 
member was a point of grammar long dif- 
cufTed ; as are fbme other points, arrog^^lt^ 
or ajjumpjlt, &c. Par Ions d 'autres chojes. 

I cannot thank you enough for the great 
confidence and prevention in which 1 nd 
the Duke of Shrewfbury in regard to me, 
and my endeavours to ferve him, which I 
know is owing to your good offices; pray 
go on with this piece of friend(hip to me, 
in teftifying to his Grace, as you may think 
fit, how fenfible I am of Every particular 
mark and inflauce of his goodnefs : and pray 



be allured that I mall 'behave myfelf to him, 
as becomes the man whom you have re- 
commended as your friend. 

I have made your compliments to my 
Lady Duchefs, and thank you for the hint 
as to the marbre in truffles. Non Junt con- 
temnenda quafiparvajine quibus magrta eonftare 

Monfieur de Torcy is very kind to poor 
Calandrine, and fo I think will Defmarais 
l>e. Adieu $ your's ever, 


From Mr. Prior* 

Paris, January I2th-23rd, 1712, 
I TAKE this opportunity of acknow- 
ledging the favour of your Lordmip's of the 
7th, O.S. which I received this morning ;' 
I hope the difpatch in form which you pro- 
mile me, will fet us right in our two great 
points, of Newfoundland and commerce ; 
as to the firft, what the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury and myfelf have writ the 8th- 1 9th, will 
(how your Lordfhip the fentiment and con* 
cern of your friend Torcy on that head ; and 


as to the fecond, I mould be very glad if 
the amicljjima gens be fo far fettled at 
Utrecht, as your Lordmip feems to infer ; I 
have not heard from thence, other\vife thai} 
via Whitehallica ; and what I have already 
writ to your Lordmip on that fubjec~t, mows, 
that the Minifters here tend to another prin- 
ciple, viz. a reciprocal regard to the year and 
tarif of 1664. I believe the orders upon 
thefe two heads are already difpatched, and 
what I now write, is to defire your inftant 
orders, and to afiure you of my being, with 
great reaibn and ftrong inclination, my Lord, 
your Lordmip's, &c. 


To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, January igth, 1712-13. 

THE long epiftle * which comes with 

this, was writ in anfwer to part of your dif- 

patches, and mould have gone at leafl ten 

days ago to you ; I doubt a great deal of it 

* This is printed in Lord Hardwicke's Coile&ion of State 
Papers, vol. ii. p. 504. It is omitted in the Copies of Letters 
by Mr. Hare ; probabiv, becauie the Queen had altered her 
intentions, and this letter was not aded upon: the Editor has 
therefore omitted it here. 


is not to the purpofe, efpecially 'fmce tile 
Queen's ultimate refolution, and the laft ex- 
pedient (he can propofe, comes by this cou* 
rier to my Lord Duke ; however, it is writ* 
and had as good be burnt by you as by me. 

We cannot perfuade ourfelves here, that 
the French act either fairly or wifely * ; 
they feem to prefs us to conclude, that they 
may have others at their mercy, and at trie 
fame time, they chicane with us concerning 
the moft efTential article of all our treaty, 
and endeavour to elude an agreement made, 
repeated, confirmed. 

We do not deiire to be treated as ami- 
cijflma gens, nor to have the advantages of 
the tarif of 1 664, until we have taken off 
prohibitions and duties to fuch a degree, as 
to put their merchants here on as good a foot 
as thofe of other nations -j- ; but can they, 
in the name of God, believe us weak enough 
to imagine that we lhall ever obtain this 

* The faft appears to have been, that the French Minifter 
kept off, upon a fuppofition that the Britifh Cabinet dared not 
meet the Parliament until the peace was concluded, or at leaft, 
until the interelt of Great Britain had been definitively afcer- 

f Lord Hardwicke obferves, that this wa the claufe in the 
Commercial Treaty whkh occafioned its rejection in Parlia- 
<nent, the great body of Merchants being againft it. 



tarif, if we confent to defer our claim to it 
until their Commiffioners and ours mall 
have agreed upon a proportionable book of 
rates for Britain ? Indeed, the fallacy is too 
grofs ; and, for my own part, I would fooner 
advife the Queen to give her juft pretenfions 
up on this head, than to fuffer herfelf to be 
cozened out of them. 

I muft tell you, that, fome how or other, 
a little air is gone abroad of this diipute, not 
enough to make the public matters of the 
particulars, but enough to give hopes to the 
Whigs, who begin to fay, that they know 
France refufes already to keep touch with 
the Queen. 

But there is another fubjecl: on which they 
triumph more ; their letters from Holland in- 
form them, that the French Minifters declare 
again/I thofe propofals relating to the Eleclor 
of Bavaria, which my Lord Strafford opened 
as overtures, likely to ba made by France, 
and approved by the Queen. Should this bs 
the cafe, and fome papers put into my hands 
by the Duke d'Aumont, make me fufpecl: 
it will be fo, the French will indeed em- 
barrafs us, but they will fpoil their own game 

I have 


I have exhaufted all my flock of argument 
in the long letter which by the Queen's orci r 
I wrote to the Duke of Shrewsbury ; to you I 
can only add, that we ftand indeed on the 
brink of a precipice, but the French ftand 
there too. Pray tell Monfieur de Torcy 
from me, that he may get Robin and Harry* 
hanged, but affairs will foon run backward 
into fo much confufion, that he will wih 
us alive again ; to fpeak ferioufly, unlefs the 
Queen can talk of her intereft as determined 
with France, and unlefs your Court will keep 
our allies in the wrong, as they are fuffici- 
ently at this time, I forefee inextricable diffi- 

My fcheme is this : Jet France fatisfy the 
Queen, and let the Queen immediately de- 
clare, both to her Parliament and in the Con- 
grefs, that me is ready to fign ; at the fame 
time, let the French Plenipotentiaries mow a 
difpofition to concjude with all the allies, offer 
to the Dutch which they have already of- 
fered, referring the four fpecies to comniiiTa- 
ries ; offer to Pruffia, and the other German 
Princes, whofe interefts admit of little dif- 
pute, complete fatisfaclion ; yield to Savoy 

* Oxford an4~Bolingbroke. 
4 * the 


the fmall contefted article, which they muft 
tonfefs is neceflary, to give him the fur etc 
reelle fo frequently pfomifed j confent to our 
propofition in behalf of Portugal; content 
'themfelves for Bavaria, which what my Lord 
Strafford opened, and even offer to treat with 
the Emperor, if expedients may be found to 
foften him on this and other heads. 

If fuch overtures as thefe were not inftantly 
accepted, our feparate peace would, fitting the 
Parliament, be addreffed for, made, approved, 
and the caufe of France for once become po- 
pular in Britain. 

If they Were accepted, let Monfieur de 
Torcy fit down, and confider what a bargain 
Would be made for France ; let him remem- 
ber his journey to the Hague* and compare 
the plans of 1 709 * and 1712. You imagine 
we are, and mall be, in pain, till we receive 
your anfwers to thefe letters ; mould you fail 
our expectations, we muft begin to ad: a new 

Monfieur de Torcy has a confidence in you, 
make ufe of it once for all upon this occafion, 
and convince him thoroughly that we muft 
give a different turn to our Parliament, and 

* The preliminaries fabricated by the Petitionary Heinfms. 

VOL. III. X our 


our people, according to their refolution at 
this crifis. 

Adieu ; whether I have writ fenfe or not, 
you will know, I am fure I do not; the in- 
eeflant labour of four or five days, at com- 
mittees, at conferences, in dictating, in writ- 
ing, has almoft crazed, your faithful friend, 


P.S. I think we have fet things on a good- 
foot with the Marquis de Monteleon, and am 
hopeful that we fhall have nothing to do but to 
fign, at the return of the courier now dif- 

70 the Duke of Shreivfbury. 

Whitehall, January igthj 1712-13. 
UPON a full and mature coniideration of 
the letters which we have received from my 
Lords the Plenipotentiaries, as well as thofc 
which are come to my Lord Dartmouth's 
"hands from your Grace, and to mine from 
Mr. Prior, hqr Majefty has refolved to take 
the negociation, if poffible, out of that circle 


in which it fcems to have travelled round for 
ibme time, to no other purpofe than to per- 
plex the caufe, to four the minds of both 
fides, and to lavifh away time, which ought, 
in our circumftances, to be hufbanded with 
the utmofl frugality. 

The matters in difpute having been chiefly 
treated at Utrecht, and thefe tranfadions hav- 
ing by confequence gone through my hands, it 
fell likewife to my (hare, to communicate up- 
on this occafion the Queen's fenfe, and her 
ultimate refolution, to your Grace. 

Her Majefty, my Lord, obferves, -that 
there remain but two points of any moment 
relating to the interefts of Great Britain and 
France undetermined ; one in the treaty of 
commerce, and the other in the treaty of 
peace ; and by what I am directed to fay, your 
Grace will perceive, that the French, by ac- 
cepting the overtures made to them upon the 
firft, may conclude both at the fame time. 

In the articles figned by Moafieur de 
Torcy, in June laft, which were, I believe, 
delivered to your Grace, and a copy whereof, 
for greater certainty, 1 here inclofe, it is ex- 
prefsly agreed, that Great Britain and France 
{hall grant to the fubjefts of each crown re- 
X 2 ciprocally 


ciprocally the fame privileges and advantages 
with which they (hall favour any foreign 
nation whatfoever; upon this foundation is 
the eighth article in the treaty of commerce 
drawn; and here the French have a fecond 
time eftablifhed this principle, in the moft 
comprehenfive and politive terms ; we are 
reciprocally to enjoy the fame privileges, 
liberties, and immunities, quibus amicifjima 
quczvis gens utitur^ fruitur, gaudctque, an, In 
pojlerum utifrui aut gaudere pojjit ; this prin- 
ciple is again confirmed, by a provifional 
claufe, even in the ninth article itfelf ; but 
then this article ftipulates at the fame time, 
in the beginning, that commiffioners fliall 
meet, quorum opera commercwrum hac in parte 
Impediment is tollendis & <uectigalibus compo- 
nendis media tzqua & utrinque utilia invent- 
antur & Jtabiliantur, and declares in the end, 
that it has been likewife thought fit to leave 
to the commiffioners alia qutzdam longioris 
indaginis momenta difcutienda, to this purpofe 
lit utriufque partis rationibus ? commodis de 
iifdem quant ocius convenirz queat. 

The tenth article gives to her Majefty's 
fabjedts the advantages of the tarif of 1 664, 
which having been promifed to the Dutch, 



was, indeed, already virtually granted to them 
by the eighth article, but there is an excep- 
tion of fuch merchandife as it has been 
thought fit to refer the difcuffion of to the 
commimoners appointed in the foregoing 

Thefe ftipulations, the courfe of which I 
have abftrafted, and your Grace will more 
at large confider in the treaty itfelf, have 
all along appeared to her Majefty ambiguous, 
and contrived, indirectly, to deprive her fub- 
je&s of that which, having been folemnly 
promifed, could not be directly refufed ; they 
have therefore never been approved by her ; 
and the event has abundantly mown the 
Queen's fufpicion to be juft, and her cau- 
tion reafonable -, the Minifters of France be- 
ing now driven from that artifice, under the 
cover of which they hoped to conceal their 
real meaning, do actually go back from what 
the King promifed the Queen, and in terms 
refufe to ftand to the principle of treating^ 
and being treated, ut amictffima gens. 

We are not, it feems, to have the tarif of 

1664, and to be treated in France as well as 

the Dutch, when we treat the French, in 

Great Britain, as well as we treat any other 

X 3 nation ; 


naaon ; but we are to have this tarif in France, 
when we can frame another in Great Britain 
exactly proportioned to it, for fo Monfieur de 
Torcy explains himfelf, in the paper which 
he gave Mr. Prior, upon the feventh of this 
month, N.S. 

My Lord, the Queen looks on this pro- 
ceeding to be a direct violation of faith ; and I 
believe when your Grace fpeaks again to the 
Minifters, you will not think fit to give it a 
much fofter term: they mould be made to 
un&erftand, that they are removing a corner- 
ftone, which was laid early in the foundation 
of a building brought altnoft to perfection, 
and the fall whereof inuft prove of at kail as 
fatal conferences to them as to us. 

The arguments made ufe of by thofe Gen- 
tlemen, as I fmd them in Mr. Prior's letters, 
are, in good meafure, anAvered by the papers 
which your Grace carried over ; but I confefs 
I was ftrangely furprifed, when I faw the 
precedent of the Rvfwick treaty quoted; the 
behaviour of the French upon that occafion 
has given us warning j it is from thence we 
have learned that whatever is referred is given 
up -, and they muft have a mean opinion of 
thofe whom they would perfuade to purfue, 



in order to "of 1664, the' method 

by which the 1, . that time loft it.. 

But were their arguments never fb cogent, 
they are now no longer in feafou ; had Mon- 
fieur Delmaretz formerly urged, that treating 
the fubjects of France in Great Britain as 
well as the fubjedts of any other nation, was 
no equivalent for giving to the fubjecls of 
Great Britain in France the tarif of 1664, 
' the debate had been proper ; it is not the fame 
now ; they have confented to the principle of 
amicijjima gens, they have promifed the tarif 
above-mentioned to the Dutch, they muft 
by confequence break their words, or give it 
to the Queen, and all their refinements upon 
trade come now too late. 

Upon the whole matter, the fingle qu eft ion 
is this: whether we fhall enjoy the tarif of 
1664 within a reafonable time after we take 
off our prohibitions, and reduce the duties 
on French goods to a proper proportion with 
thofe of the fame forts imported from other 
.countries ; and whether we (hall be denied the 
benefit of the faid tarif, until a number of 
French commhTioners are fatisfied that our 
book of rates is made proportionable to theirs ? 

Your Grace, will fee, by a letter of my 
X 4 Lords 


Lords the Plenipotentiaries, of the tenth of 
this month, /N.S. an extract whereof goes 
herewith inclofed, that the French Miniflers 
at Utrecht, do now explain themfelves more 
agreably to their engagements than thofe at 
Paris ; they allow and expect the rule of ami- 
cifjima gens \ they allow us immediately the 
tarif of 1664, in all points except the four 
fpecies, and if the Dutch obtain any alter- 
ation in refpect to thefe, we are to participate 
thereof; they are contented to wait till our 
duties on their commodities can be reduced 
to the proportion, paid on the like goods 
brought into Britain by other nations : all 
they defire to have referred to commiffioners, 
is the coniideration of our demands about the 
four fpecies, and about other points, not in- 
cluded in the general principle of amiciflima 

Now, my Lord, though the ftipulations 
which ftand in the treaty of commerce, as 
above recited, do not feem to her Majefty 
clearly to fpeak this language, nor to exprefs 
what thefe Gentlemen fay they intend, yet 
it is no hard matter to take off all ambiguity -, 
and upon this very foot, and upon no other, 
the Queen will agree with France. 

I am 


I am therefore commanded to acquaint your 
Grace, that having fully opened to the French 
Miniflers, her Majefty's fenfe of the King's 
engagements to her upon this hea& and of 
the prefent ftate of this difpute, you are to 
propofe to them to ftrjke out of the projecl 
of the treaty of commerce the ninth and tenth 
articles, and inflead thereof to infert one to 
the efFecl of that which I have drawn, and 
which comes here inclofed ; by this article 
they are made to give nothing but what we 
affirm, and fure no man living can deny, they 
have already folemnly yielded ; a cornmifficn 
will be eftablimed to adjufl thofe points 
which may remain undetermined at the 
cpnclufion of the treaty, and an opportunity 
will be created of fettling in time a fyftern. 
of commerce, ftill more reafonable than that 
which will be in force at firft. 

If the French clofe with this overture, 
her Majefty is willing to accept of the laft 
expedient propofed by Moniieur de Torcy, 
for adjufling our differences about North 
America, and to confent that the King in 
the ceflion of Newfoundland, do refcrve to 
his fubjec~ts, a right of timing and drying on 
the coaft of that ifland, from Point Riche, 



north about, to Cape Bonavifta. But if 
your Grace cannot prevail upon them to 
aree with you in the article of commerce, 
you are to declare to them, that neither will 
the Queen agree with them in their propoli- 
tion concerning Newfoundland. 

It is, my Lord, of abfolute neceffity, that 
a moment of time be not loft on the part of 
France in coming to a refolution, fince your 
Grace may depend upon it, that our Par- 
liament muft fit on the third of February 
next, and her Majefty will be then obliged 
to communicate the prefent ftate of the ne- 
gociation to both Houfes. Your Grace will 
exprefs to Monfieur de Torcy, much better 
than I am able to do to you, how fmoothly 
every thing would glide along, if the Queen 
was able to ipeak of her own interefts as 
absolutely determined with France ; and, on 
the other hand, what traverfes we mall be 
cxpofed to, and what confufion may arife, if 
our negociation appears to be ftill open, and 
if the fecret comes to be divulged, that 
France refufes to make good in the treaty, 
the full effecl of former promifes to the 

Having now fmimed all which I had in 



command to fay to your Grace, concern- 
ing her Majefty's particular interefts, I am 
to fpeak to you upon the general plan of 
peace, and to inform your Grace, that you 
may inform the minifters of France, what 
the meafure of her Majefty's conduct will 
be, and what they may expect from her. 

You know, my Lord, very well, that the 
rule which the Queen long ago laid down, 
was not to delay her peace, after the un- 
generous and ungrateful treatment which fhe 
had met with from her allies, if they per- 
lifted in refuting, to treat ; but the French 
were at the fame time told, that if the con- 
federates mould fubmit, and (how a readi- 
nefs to proceed in the negociation of peace, 
her Majefty would then be obliged in juftice 
to keep meaiures with them. In fhort, that 
her conduct muft be regulated to a great de- 
gree upon theirs. 

This refolution, which the Queen con- 
tinues to think agreeable to her honour and 
her intereft, is ilill in force, and muft there- 
fore be applied to the prefent cafe. 

Her Majefty inclines the rather to have 
the French Minifters reminded of this, be- 
caufe they feem, notwithstanding the con- 


currence of the Dutch, and, I may add, of 
the Emperor too, and although the allies are 
grown more reafonable in their demands, 
itill to defire that the Queen mould preci- 
pitate the conclufion of her peace, and leave 
the whole confederacy at their mercy. But, 
however the defigns and meafures of the 
French Court may vary, and their Minifters 
be elated with a little turn of fortune, the 
Queen goes fteadily on, and fpeaks the fame 
language to them now as me did in Auguft. 
Your Grace will therefore let the King; 


know, that when the mutual interefts of 
England and France are fettled, as they will 
be if the proportions contained in the firft 
part of this letter are accepted, the Plenipo- 
tentiaries of Great Britain (hall publicly de- 
clare in the Congrefs, that they are ready to 
fign with France, and mail therefore call 
upon the allies to quicken their negociation, 
and conclude without lofs of time ; that, in 
order to render this peace general, and to. 
nnifh the treaty with the fame candour and 
generous defire of reftoring the peace of Eu- 
rope with which it was begun, her Majefty 
expects that the Plenipotentiaries of France 
fhould, at the fame time, inflead of avoiding 



to confer with the Minifters of the confe- 
derate powers, mow a readinefs to treat 
with all of them ; and, laying aiide the fpirit 
of negociation, as foon poffible, to clofe their 
great work. And, upon reviewing the pre- 
fent ftate of the differences between France 
and the feveral allies, the Queen does not 
fee that the general peace can be long de^ 
ferred, if all parties meet with a good dif- 
pofition to bring it about. If the confede- 
rates mould either feek unneceflary delays, 
or make unreafonable demands, which, in 
the prefent circumftances of their affairs, it 
is not very probable they will, her Majefty, 
who has induced them to treat, will, by the 
fame meafures, engage them to conclude ; 
at leaft, me will think herfelf jurMed, after 
thefe repeated warnings, and this unex- 
ampled patience, to iign without them in 
this cafe, as me would have done had they 
ftill continued directly to refufe to treat at 
all. Your Grace will pleafe to add, that, to 
make thefe meafures effectual, nothing will 
be wanting but that the Minifters of France 
be inftrudted to treat in the fame fpirit ; not 
to try the common expedients of negocia- 
tion, but to go at once all thofe lengths 



which the defire of peace may render eli- 

I have the honour to tranfmit to your 
Grace, incloied, copies of papers which I re- 
ceived from the Plenipotentiaries of the 
Duke of Savoy and which contain a propo- 
fition that may, in all probability, at lafl 
put an end to the difpute between the Mini- 
flers of France and thoie of his Royal High- 
nefs. Her Majefty thinks thofe fmall and in- 
confiderable diftricls of country which this 
Prince demands, in order to make Exilles, 
Feneftrelles, and the Valley of Pragelas, of 
any ufe to him, abiblutely necefTary ; and the 
French Miniflers themfelves have indeed 
acquiefced that the nsceffity is real, and not 
arTe6led, when they offered to agree at 
Utrecht, as an expedient for accommodat- 
ing this difpute, that France mould engage 
not to canton troops at any time in the 
villages on the Italian fide -of the Mount 

Thus, your Grace fees, the king of France 
cannot make good to his Royal Highnefs that 
furete reelle which he promifed to all the al- 
lies, unlefs he yield to this demand, which he 
therefore ought to do, without any equivalent, 
i and 


and therefore the ufing or not ufing of that 
which I now communicated to you, is entirely 
fubmitted to your own prudence. 

In the papers given in by the Duke d'Au- 
mont, your Grace will find a very extraor- 
dinary turn given to the article relating to 
the Elector of Bavaria; as if the Queen had 
accepted, as a condition of the ceffion of 
Tournay, the extravagant demands which 
this Prince makes - 3 nay, as if her Majefty had 
promifed the King to procure the effect of 
them. How far the Queen went in this mat- 
ter, your Grace is fully apprifed. She was 
willing, in confideration of the King, as well 
as in regard to the unhappy circumftances of 
this Prince, to contribute to make the beft 
bargain in the treaty of peace for him, which 
his and our circumilances would admit : and, 
therefore directed the Earl of Strafford to 
make an overture in the name of France, 
which was the utmoft (he expected to ob- 
tain, and which has already fet all the Princes 
of the empire in arms ; the Queen can do no 
more, and if the Elector is not fatisfied to be 
treated for upon this foot, the Queen will in- 
tereft herfelf no farther in his affairs, and he 
may very probably by thofe means fail of 



Sardinia, and continue an exile both from his , 
German Provinces, and the Electoral College* 

Your Grace will pleafe to explain the 
Queen's fentiments very flrongly, and {how 
the Minifters that inftead of grafping at ariy 
more for this Prince, the wifeft meafure that 
can be taken for his intereft, is to think of 
means to bring the powers concerned into 
the fcheme already propofed for him, or into 
equivalents for the fame. 

Her Majefty obferve?, no difpute remain- 
ing with France* about the intereft of the 
States-General, unlefs it be as to the four 
fpecies, it were to be wimed that matter 
might be compounded ; at worft, if that can- 
not be obtained, the Queen being willing to 
refer the confideration of them, as far as her 
intereft therein is concerned, to commiffioni- 
ers, the Dutch can never refufe to do the 

Moniieur Bruchiarde* was this day at a 
conference, which he had defired, with the 
Lords at the Cockpit, and 'the fubftance of 
what he opened is, that the King his matter 
religns himfelf and his interests entirely to the 
Queen ; that he only defires his terms may 

* The Portugal Minifter. 
* DC 


be adjufted by her, and not left to the treaty 
at Utrecht ; that he will fign his peace when- 
ever flie thinks proper to fign her's ; that he 
knows her Majefty cannot, in the prefent cir- 
cumftances of affairs, get all that (he would for 
him ; that he will be fatisfied with whatever 
/he can obtain -, that he hopes to have fome 
barrier, or, if not, a guaranty which (hall be 
an equivalent fecurity. He touched upon the 
demolition of Badajos, and feemed rather to 
wifh than hope for Vigo ; after which he let 
himfelf in to fpeak of thofe provincial trea- 
ties, extracts * whereof he had put into my 


* Thefe extracts (the originals of which the Editor has) 
frate, " That by a provifional treaty made at Lifbon, in 1699, 
with the King of France, the two Kings agreed to evacuate 
that diftrift of country, on the coalt of Brazil, fituate between 
the River Yapoco, and the cape north of the river of the Ama- 
zons, inclufive. That this evacuation was to continue until by 
a definitive treaty the claims of the parties were afcertained. 

" The other provisional treaty ftates, that the crown of 
Portugal was in pofleflion of the colony of Le Sacrcment, with 
its dependencies r.t Buenos Ayres ; ;hat about thirty years ago, 
and in time of peace, the Spaniards furp riled 'his colony, but 
at the ftrong folicitation of the court of Lifbon, that of Madrid 
reftored it to Portugal, by a provilional treaty, until the rights 
of the parties fhould be afcertained. That, however, at the 
commencement of this war, the Spaniards again took poflef- 
fion of this colony, and ftill retain it. 

" By the alliance between France, Spain, and Portugal, to 
guarantee the fuccellion according to the will of Charles II, 
it was propofed that thefe providonal treaties fliould be de- 
finitive, but (Brufchearde obferves) that this would be the 
fource of frefli difputes. He, concludes with afferting, that 
there is due from the Spaniaros. to the Portaguefe Company, 

VGL. III. y del 


Lord Dartmouth's hands, and copies of thofe 
extracts are herewith tranfmitted to your 

By this account, my Lord, you fee how 
great an obflacle will be taken out of the 
way, and how far her Majefry's credit, and 
her good offices go every day, in procuring 
new facilities to render the general peace 
practicable - y the Queen would have your 
Grace, without fhowing Monfieur de Torcy 
too particularly how low the King of Portugal 
links in his demands, let that Minifter know, 
that the pretensions of this ally, to whom her 
Majefty is under ftronger engagements by 
treaty than almoft to any other, mall not re- 
tard the conclufion of the peace ; your 
Grace will at the fame time fay, that the 
Queen will require at leaft the provifional 
treaties to be made definitive in his favour, 
and that fhe will expect: particular engage- 
meats from France and Spain, for the fecurity 
of his dominions in all parts of the world, of 
which engagements flie will become gua- 

del Afiknto de Negros, a large fum of patacas, which is not 
denied that payment has been promifed, and that it is but juft 
that it ihoukl be provided for in the prefent treaty." 



This example Should be 'a leffon both to 
the Elector of Bavaria, and to thofe. who fup- 
port him, and her Majefty would have your 
Gface urge it accordingly. Whenever me 
can be eafy herfelf, or contribute to make 
others fo, the effect always follows, and the 
Queen expects that on the of France's 
part, the fame mould happen, efpecially fince 
we are near the end of our labours, and one 
effort more may probably crown them all. 

The Princes of the empire have no inte- 
refts to fettle that will occafion much difpute, 
or take up much time, any farther than the 
demands made in behalf of the Elector of Ba- 
varia come in to puzzle the caufe; they muft 
therefore be left to be wrangled out at 
Utrecht, and as to his Imperial Majefty, he 
has run himfelf into fuch a labyrinth, that he 
muft begin to help himfelf before the Queer! 
can lend him her hand or fpeak for him. 

This rough fketch of the general ftate of the 
treaty of peace, is fufficient at leaft to (how 
how eafily, and at how little farther expence 
the whole may be concluded ; and her Ma- 
jefty commands me to repeat to your Grace, 
that you mould endeavour to make the 
French Minifters feel the neceility either of 
Y 2 elofms: 


clofing with the allies, or of leaving them 
without excufe ; but the chief point which I 
am to recommend, and your Grace to infift 
upon, is fatisfying her Majefty in the diffi- 
culty arifen in fettling the treaty of com- 

The Queen complies as far as poffibly me 
can, without iictually giving up that which 
has been fo long promifed to her, and upon 
the faith whereof {he has fo long proceeded ; 
it is therefore juft that the French mould 
comply with her, the Queen having once de- 
clared her interefts to be fettled, and her treaty 
ready to be ligned, the general peace becomes 
from that moment eafy ; it is therefore wife 
that the French mould comply with her; that 
they may do fo, and that your Grace may to 
all the honours of your life, add the glory of 
giving the laft ftroke to this memorable ne- 
gociation, is the fervent prayer of, my Lord, 
Your Grace's, &c. 



De Monfieur de Torcy. 

A Marli, le i8me Janvier, 1713, N.S. 

FINISSEZ, my Lord, ce qui nous refte 
encore de difficultes ; il eft terns en verite 
que Tamitie fe retablifle puifqu'on le defirc, 
& que les intentions font egalement bonnes 
de part & d'autre. 

Je ne vous fatiguerai pas du detail en- 
nuieux des conteftations fur la peche & la 
fecherie de Terreneuve; j'en laifle le (bin a 
Monfieur fe Due d'Aumont & a Monfieur 
le Due de Shrewsbury; je vous dirai feule- 
ment, bien franchement, que la proportion 
que Matthieu vous a envoyee eft, fuivant le 
langage Allemand ou Hollandois, notre ///- 

Terminez done nos querelles ; qu*il ne 
ibit plus queftion que d'amitie ; quelque 
etroite qu*elle puifle etre entre les nations, 
vous ne devrez jamais qu'a vous-meme, my 
Lord, celle que confervent pour vous tous 
ceux qui ont eu Thonneur vous connoitre.* 

Je crois cependant meriter encore quelque 
diftinclion entr'eux, perfonne n'etant plus 
veritablement, & plus fidellement, que je 
ibrai, Monfieur, votre, &c. 

Y 3 AMon- 


A Monfieur de Torcy. 

De Whitehall, ce 2ome Janvier, V.S. 1712-13. 

JE vous jure, Monfieur, que fi nous ne 
nniiTons pas, ce n'eir. nullement ma faute. 
Je fouhaite par miUe raifons une prompte 
conclufion du grand-ouvrage dela paix; mais 
je la fouhaite principalement parce que je 
vois que chez nous les efprits commeneent 
a fe lalfer de Fincertitude. 

Nos conteftations a regard de Terreneuve 
ne feront point la pierre d'achoppement, 
ponrvu que vous ne nous refufiez plus long- 
terns dans le traite de commerce, les con- 
fequences d'un principe que nous avons en- 
vifage depuis plufieurs mois comme etabli, 
& hors de toute difpute la paix fera bientot 

II eft inutile que j'entre dans le detail de 
cette affaire, qui a ete terriblement brouillee 
a Utrecht. Monfieur le Due de Shrew i- 
bury vous informera des dernieres ofFres que 
la Reine lui ordonne de faire pour accom- 
moder ces' diftiVents, & des raiibns fur lef- 
quelles nous nous" fonclons, qui font allure- 
ment ffop folides pour ne pas avoir tout leur 
effet fur un eiprit aufii-bien tourne, & fur 
un coeur auffi bien place que le votre. 

4 Au 


Au nom de Dieu, Monfieur, renvoyez ce 
courier fans perte de terns, avec le confente- 
ment du Roi aux proportions que Monfieur 
de Shrewfbury aura 1'honneur de lui faire 
de la part de la Reine. Vous nous met- 
trez par-la en etat de triompher de ceux qui 
font en meme-tems & vos ennemis & les 
notres. Dans ce cas, la Reine parlera aux 
deux Chambres, dont Taflemble ne peut etre 
differee que jufques au 3016 du mois pro- 
chain, V.S. des interets de la Grande Bre- 
tao>ne & de la France comme entierement 


regies ; fa Majefte dira, qu'elle va figner fon 
traite, qu'elle a convie tous fes allies a faire 
de meme, & qu'elle leur a declare qu'elle eft 
fermement reiblue de ne pas tenir fa nego- 
ciation plus long-terns ouverte. 

Convenez avec moi, Monfieur, que Techo 
de cette harangue, & des reponfes du Par- 
lement, fe fera entendre a Utrecht, & in- 
IJDirera 1'amour de la paix aux guerriers les 
plus outres. Vous finirez bien vite les affaires 
qui reltent a etre ajuftees, & vous les finirez 
a la fatisfadlion du Roi. 

Mais fi a 1'afTemblee du Parlement notre 

negociation fe trouve encore ouverte, je ne 

Y 4 faurajj 


laurai, en verite, Monfieur, repondre des 

Les mal-intentionnes auront beau jeu ; &, 
cc que je regarde comme le comblc des mal- 
heurs, les bien-intentiormes fe trouveront 
peut-etre obliges de fuivre les fentimens 

Monfieur d'Oxford & votre ferviteur ont 
la mine de patter, dans ce cas, aiTez mal ieur 
terns; je nVembarrafle pourtant beaucoup 
moins de cela, que du defordre que je prevois 
dans les affaires generales. 

Vous voyez, Monfieur, que le plaifir que 
je trouve a vous ecrire m'emporte. 

Je veux me flatter que 1'importance de 
la crife ou nous fommes, fervira d'excufe a 
la longueur de ma lettre, & que vous ne 
trouverez pas mauvaife cette franchife avec 
laquelle je vous conte naturellement mes 
craintes & mes efperances. Je fuis, & ierai 
tpyte ma vie, Monlicur, votre, &c. 



* Mr. 


I MUST begin my letter bj "^^"*g m j 

to von m**^p your 

mdufliy, ac- fbcceis, wherewith yon have 
proceeded in executing her Majefly's aiders. 
1 hope the latter, as I am fare the farmer, 
win accompany you to die end of your ne- 
gcciatioBS. We have done aD we could to 
play the game into your hand by gratify- 

jyio* ^i^^ ^1 31 FXlOtS uC BnrOBtfdCiflB^ 2S i3 r 3LS OVIf 

circuniflances allow, of which I believe he 
is ienfible, and will endeavour to make his 
court ib likewise. Mr. Moore -f- writes fi> 
largely to you, that any thing which falk 
firom my pen muft be ibpcrftuoos ; give me, 
however, leave to mention to you the cafe of 
licences to French ihips. This point is capi- 
tal ; and I am in very good camcil, when I 

', that if the bargain made fhould go on to 



execution, I believe it would break all to 
pieces, and create a new ferment in Eu- 
rope, which perhaps might cofl more blood 
to extinguim. 

The Queen offers fairly to prevent thefe 
mifchiefs, and the Spanifh mjnifter ieems 
aflured, that her offers will be taken. Time 
prefles extremely,' and difpatch is of the ut- 
moft confequence. We hope this courier 
will foon return, with a conclufion of things 
on the foot of your lafr, inftruclions. 

I am, Sir, &c. 

To the Duke of Shrew/bury. 

Whitehall, January 2Oth, 1712-13. 

YOUR Grace finds that we are, accord- 
ing to cuftom, hurried to do that in a fort-r 
night *, which naturally mould have been 
the work of a much longer time ; we hope, 
howevei,that the Queen's demands are now 
fet in io fair a light, that there can be no 
delay on the part of France, in agreeing 

* The Parliament had, on the i3th, been prorogued to the 
jrd of February, which, was a fortnight from the date of this 



to them. If the Duke d'Aumont knows 
any thing of his own court, your Grace will 
carry your point and in this cafe, I hope 
the courier may return in twelve days at 
fartheft. It is of the laft confequence for 
them, for us, and for the whole affair, that 
the Queen be enabled to fpeak of her in- 
terefts as determined with France, one battle 
will then decide all ; otherwife we mall be 
every day expofed to new dangers through- 
out the whole courfe of the feffion. I fend 
your Grace two blank proxies, for fear of 

The Queen has been out of order, with 
the gout in her hand and in her foot ; me 
is, however, extremely well, and her phy- 
fician j? feems rather to like than apprehend 
this attack. I am, &c. 

From the Duke of Shrew/bury. 

Paris, January 23d, N.S. 1713. 
THIS morning I received your Lord- 
ihip's of the jth, O.S. and a courier being 

f Doflcr Arbuthnot; a man not more remarkable for his 
great profeflional ikill than for his learning and his wit. 



juft arrived from Port Mahon, going into 
England, gives me an opportunity of an- 
fwering it fooner than I expected. 

I wilh there be no miftake in what our 
Plenipotentiaries write to your Lord (hip from 
Utrecht, that the French have agreed we 
ihall enjoy the benefit of the tarif of 1 664, 
on our bringing French goods to pay in 
England the fame that other nations pay for 
their goods. 

The King and the Mmiftry have been at 
Marli ever nnce I came hither, fo I have 
had no opportunity of difcourfing on this 
fubjedt ; but I find Mr. Prior appreheniive 
this Court deiigns no more than what he 
has already acquainted your L,ord(hip with; 
however, Monfieur de Torcy being expected 
at Paris on Thurfday, Mr. Prior or I will 
fpeak with him, and if this be agreed, as 
you underfland it, from Utrecht, one con- 
iiderable difficulty is removed. 

As to the other principal article in, dir 
pule, if her Majefty be determined to infift 
on my laft inftruclions, and reject the ex- 
pedient Mr. Prior fent over, I heartily wiih 
he had notice of that relblution as foon as 
it was taken; for it has had an odd ap- 


pearance, and what they have difficulty to 
believe here, that Mr. Prior fhould be at li- 
berty (as undoubtedly he was) to receive 
this alternative, and I, who came laft from 
London, fo flraightly tied up, that I am 
obliged to declare I have no power to 
hearken to any expedient upon this point ; 
it naturally leads them to fufpecl: ibme trick, 
or that I am more ftirF than I need to be, 
and, what is worft of all, difcovers our irre- 
folution, and Ib weakens all that can be 
faid. I much queftion, if commanded to 
infift, whether this Court will yield, and if 
they mould, am convinced it will coft a 
great deal of time to bring them to it, and 
your Lordfhip and Lord Treafurer mnfl 
write refolute letters, in a manner telling 
them the peace can be had on no other 
terms : I mall not repeat their objections and 
difficulties, which were fent you by your laft 

I expect the next letters with impa- 
tience, as well to know what orders her Ma- 
jefty will fend upon what remains to be 
treated here, as to fee the States-Generars 
remarks and her Majecly's anfwer ; for 
without them the letters give little light. I 



hope your Lordmip believes your letters will 
always be acceptable to me, who am, with 
the greateft fincerity, my Lord, &c. 


From the Duke of Sbrewjlury. 

Paris, January 2jth, N.S. 1713. 

1 AM juft this minute come from Ma- 
dame de CroifTy, where I met Monfieur de 
Torcy, newly arrived from Marli, and by 
a very few words I had with him there, I 
am confirmed the article of our enjoying 
the benefit of the tarif of 1664 does not 
ftand as your Lordmip underffood it from 
Utrecht ; the French Plenipotentiaries, in 
their letters to him, do not look upon the 
difficulty as removed, but ftill iubfrfting : I 
thought fit to give you the firft notice I 
could of this, though I doubt not but you 
have had it cleared before now by other 
letters from Utrecht. I am to fee Monfieur 
de Torcy after to-morrow, and hope the 
courier you promifed to difpatch laiV Sa- 
turday will be arrived before that time, with 
orders what I am to fay upon the article of 



Newfoundland. Monfieur Defmaret's font 
marries the Marquis d'Alegre's daughter to- 
morrow : the King returns from Marli Sa- 
turday, and about the 6th A of next month 
goes to Rambouillet, a houfe of the Count 
de Touloufe, which will prove another in- 
terruption to bufinefs, if what is ^to be done 
here cannot be concluded before the journey. 
I am, my Lprd, &c. 


To the "Duke of Shrew/bury . 

Whitehall, January 25th > 'O.S. 1712. 

THOUGH your Grace has been troubled 
with feveral of my letters in the compafs of 
a few days, I cannot however refolve to let 
this courier, who, in his way to Spain, pafles 
through Paris, depart, and not take the op- 
portunity of writing again to you. 

Your Grace thinks the French may fuf- 
pecl fome trick, or difcover, which is worfe, 
fome irrefolution in our councils; becaufe 
Mr. Prior had confented to a propofition 
concerning Newfoundland, which you after- 


wards refufed to admit. I would fain hope* 
my Lord, that this proceeding, which how* 
ever was not according to my fcheme, might 
itill have fuch a turn given it, as will make 
our conduct appear not only fair, but fteady. 

Why may not the French Minifters be 
told that the Queen would have confented 
at firft, as me is ready to do now, to the 
ceffion of Newfoundland, with the reftric- 
tion propofed, if they had not created un- 
reafonable and unexpected difficulties on the 
article of commerce ? 

Her Majefty hoped they would be brought 
off a point which they had fo ill a grace in 
controverting ; and in that hope Mr. Prior 
was inftru&ed. Her Majefty found they 
perfifted to deny in the treaty what, in the 
courfe of the negociation, they had granted ; 
and in that conjuncture your Grace was in- 
truded. We flatter ourfelves, my Lord, 
you will be able to diflblve a charm which 
leems to have influenced in a very odd man- 
ner this point of our work. Indeed, never 
poor proportion was fo bandied about as 
this of ufing each other reciprocally, ut ami- 
ciffima gens, has been. The French were in 
the right to perplex it, becaufe they had a 



mind to evade it; but furely we, from the 
firft, mould have ftuck to that plain ar- 
ticle, which is contained in the papers drawn 
by Mr. Moore, and on which the laft draught 
which 1 fent your Grace is grounded. 

By the inclofed paper, which was brought 
me as a memorandum from the Due d'Au- 
mont, your Grace will fee that the French 
take advantage of iome terms ufed in a 
memorial of my friend Matthew's. I thought 
it abiolutely neceflary to knock that im- 
mediately of the head, and have therefore 
fent back the paper, with the marginal note 
which you will find added ; but upon thefe 
miftakes, there is no need to trouble your 
( rrace any farther, having writ to Mr. Prior 
upon them. 

The courier who brings this letter, has 
been waiting a long time for one difpatch, 
Hie reft have been prepared at leaft three 
weeks. I thank God he goes at all, for I 
think he carries fuch temperaments and fuch 
expedients as will bring our Spaniih part of 
tlic treaty to a conclufion. 

There is one point which we write very 
ftrongly to the Court of Madrid upon, and 
as the rebound of thefe inftances may pro- 

VOL. III. Z bably 


bably very foon come to Paris, I believe it 
not improper to fpeak of it to your Grace, 
that you may either prepare the minifters of 
France for it, or be prepared when they 
fhall attack you upon it. My Lord, the 
Queen had information of a contract made 
by the Count de Bergheyck *, for fix French 
fhips to go to the South Sea, their owners 
agreeing to pay the King of Spain 36o,ouo 
crowns, or elfe, at His Majefty's choice, to 
give him the mips, in order to fupply his 
Treafury for the fervice of this year, or in 
order to enable him to begin at leaft to form 
a naval ftrength. 

Your Grace eafily imagines no time was 
loft in fpeaking to the Marquis de Monte- 
leon upon a matter of fuch vaft confequence. 
We reprefented to him that this proceeding 
would revive all thofe jealoufies which be- 
gan to be laid afleep ; that it would make 
good all the arguments which have been 
infilled on by thofe who prefs the continua- 
tion of the war, and condemn in the opi- 
nion of mankind thofe who have been the 
inftruments of promoting the peace, that if 
thefe permifiions are granted for once after 

* The Spanifh Plenipotentiary. 
I the 


the peace, they may by the fame rule be 
granted for twenty times, &c. The Mar- 
quis agreed in thefe and a multitude of 
other arguments which were opened and en- 
forced to him, and had no plea but the ne- 
ceffities under which his matter labours, to 
excufe the (rep; having brought him thus 
far, we offered to take off thefe neceilities, 
by lending the money, and furniming what- 
ever mips the King of Spain may have oc- 
cafion for, without expecting, in con ridera- 
tion hereof, the liberty of failing to the South 

The Spanifh minifter feemed to catch at 
the offer ; he writes to his Court about it, 
and Mr. Gilligan is inftructed to make the 
annulling of this contract, one of the con- 
ditions on which he departs from the claim 
of 15 per cent, that grievous article to the 
-Spaniards, and at the lame time he is far- 
ther authorifed to conclude the loan of the 
money, and the hiring or felling the mips. 

Sir T. Hanmer having in a manner afk- 
ed, whether the Queen approved or not of 
his going into Italy, 1 writ him word by her 
Majefty's order that fhe hoped me mould 
have had his afliftance in this feffion of Par- 
Z 2 liament - 


liament ; which certainly will be a very nice 
and difficult one to manage, and upon the 
proceedings of which our all, I think, is flak- 
ed ; I mention this matter, becaufe Sir Thomas 
may probably communicate to your Grace 
what he debates in his mind, and you would 
be glad to know what the Queen's fenfe 

I depended fo much upon the Plenipoten- 
tiaries at Utrecht, for fending to your Grace 
whatever paffes between the States and us, 
that I mould not have troubled you with a 
volume of papers which accompany this let- 
ter, had your Grace not feemed in your's of 
the 23d to expert them from me. 

I am, my Lord^ &c. 

To Lord Lexington *. 

THE foregoing letter has been writ fe- 
veral days, and the departure of the courier 
has been delayed by the Queen's having the 
gout in her hand, which hinders her from 

* This was added by way of poftfcript to Lord Lexington's 
letter of tiae ;th January, 1/12-13. BOHNCBROKE. 

4 writing 


writing as me would have done to the Queen 
of Spain. 

The inclofed paper of minutes being the 
refult of a private tranfa&ion which her Ma- 
jefty did not allow to pafs the ordinary forms, 
I delire you, my good Lord, to keep it among 
your private difpatches. 

I hope Mr. Gilligan is fufficiently inftruct- 
cd by the learned in trade, for my part, I pre- 
tend not to be able to enter into any detail 
of that kind, but this I can judge of, that 
our circumftances will no longer admit of 
being in a flate neither of war nor peace, 
' therefore pray, my Lord, prefs him to make 
an end with the Spanifh CommifTaries, and 
if any reafonable latitude be to be taken 
beyond what his inftruclions may ftriclly 
import, my opinion is, that it fhould be ven- 
tured upon, rather than that any thing mould 
be left undetermined. 

Your Lordfhip knows how very inftru- 
mental the Abbot Gaultier has been in car- 
rying on the prefent negociation of peace, 
even in the firft beginnings of the treaty, 
when the greateft danger was to be run, and 
the greatell dexterity was requifite. I find 
the Marquis de Monteleon defigns to recora.- 
Z 3 mend 


mend him to the King of Spain, and I be- 
lieve the Treafurer does the fame to the Prin- 
cefs des Uriins ; I give your Lord (hip this 
hint, becaufe I fancy you will think it pro- 
per to take a fit opportunity of fpeaking in 
his commendation, and of giving the moft 
favourable impreffions of him. 

There comes with this courier a gentle- 
man, who is of my name, and who being a 
Roman Catholic, has always been in foreign 
fervice ; he was in that of the Elector Pa- 
latine, and left it only becaufe of an affair 
which the brutalityof his Colonel forced up- 
on him. The Elector himfelf recommended 
him, and, indeed, nobody could leave a better 
name than he did behind them. He has a 
mind to feek his fortune in Spain ; and that 
he may have a pretence to go thither, I com- 
mit this letiter to his charge. The Marquis 
de Monteleon has, without my fpeaking to 
him, for I have nothing to afk of any Prince, 
but the miftrefs I ferve, recommended him to 
the Court of Spain. Your Lordihip will ex- 
tremely add to the other favours I have re- 
ceived from you, if you are fo good as to 
fhow him your countenance, and to fpeak of 
him as an honeft man, a good officer, and 



my relation, if the latter may be of any ufc to 

Forgive the length of my letter, and be- 
lieve that I am, &c. 

It was thought proper that I mould make a 
compliment to the Princefs des Urfms, and I 
do it by the inclofed May I take the liberty 
to beg that your Lordmip would render it 
acceptable by giving it to her ? 

To Lord Lexington. 

January 25th, O.S. 1712. 

THE papers * not being put up with 
my other letter by miflake, I inclofe them in 
a feparate packet. 

My Lord, ever your's. 

* Mem. f nclofed were a copy of her Majefty's inftru&ions 
to Mr. Gilligan, dated January leth, 1712-13 ; a copy of the 
propositions made by Marquis de Monteleon ; with the Queen's 

Z 4 A Ma* 


A Madame la P.rinceffe des Urfins #. 

De Whitehall, ce 25me Janvier, V.S. 1712-13. 

VOTRE AltefTe peut voir jufques a quej 
point le Marquis de Monteleon s'eft rendu 
maitre de mon efprit, puifqu'il a fa m'infpirer 
la hardiefle de lui ecrire. Je fais tout le cas 
que je dois faire de I'amitie que ce Miniftre a 
bien voulu me temoigner, mais en verite, 
Madame, il ne m'a jamais fait, ni ne me 
fera jamais une faveur que j'eftimerai taut 
que celle dont il vient m'honorer, en me 
fourtiifTaiit une pretexte d'ecrire a votre Al- 
tefle, & de lui marquer les fentimens d'un 
coeur qui eft parfaitement devoue a fon 

Tout ferviteur que je fuis a Monfieur de 
Lexington, je ne puis pas m'empecher de 
lui envier le bonheur qu'il a de faire fa 

* 'yhis.lady had f he ambition to become a fpvereign ; flic 
had received a promifi frcsn the Kir.g of Spain, to grant her a 
territory equal to 30,000 crowns per annum, in the Nether- 
lands; neither England nor Holland were mi;ch againft it, 
and the Spanifh Plenipotentiaries, defirous of pleafing her, in- 
fified on a condition whi( ', the King their mafter treated as 
efTential : the peace with Spain was thus at a ftand. At length 
they were ouliged to abandon her, the Emperor protefting 
againft awrdtfmembenncpt of the Netherlands, and Louis 
peruiaded his grand Ton to prefer the repofe of his people to 
the caprice of an old woman. 



cour, fous la protection de votre AltefTe, a 
cette Grande Reine d'Efpagne dont les vertus 
heroiques font 1'admiration du fiecle prefent, 
& feront cclle de la poflerite. 

Comme Monfieur le Gomte d' Oxford fe 
donne 1'honneur d'ecrire a votre Altefle, il 
eft fort inutile que j'entre dans aucun detail 
a l'egard des interets des deux cours. Je me 
fiatte que Moniieur le Marquis de Monte- 
leon a trouve, dans fa negociation, toutes 
les facilites qui dependoient de moi, & j'ofe 
afTurer votre Alteife qu'il trouvera toujours 
les memes. 

Je n*ai manque, Madame, d'envoyer a 
Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires de la Reine 
toutes les inftruclions qui ont etc jugees les 
plus convenables pour faire aflurer a votre 
AltefTe, dans le traite de paix, la princi- 
paute que fa Majefle Catholique lui a ac- 
cordee. Je ne venx point douter que les 
ibins que ces Miniflres apporteront n'af- 
fortifTent a cette occalion leur efFet en- 

Ce qu'il y a de certain, c'efl que je ne 
ricn pour faire eclater le profond 
& fattacheinent inviolable, avec 



lefquels j'ai 1'honneur d'etre, Madame, dc 
votre AltefTe, le tres humble 

Et tres obeiflant ferviteur, 


75? the Duke of Shrew/bury*. 

FORGIVE me, my Lord, if I encroach 
.{till farther upon your patience ; the Vene- 
tian AmbafTador fends me the inclofed, and 
deiires me to write to you upon a fubject 
which I really underftand but by halves. J 
hope he explains himfelf in his letter to your 
Grace ; all the notion I have of his requeft 
is, that you, my Lord, will pleafe to foften 
the Court of France, who are angry with 
the Venetians becaufe they will not, in vio- 
lation of the conftitution of their govern- 
ment, difpenfe with Cardinal Ottoboni for 
taking the Proteclormip of France. 

I have nothing particular in command 
from the Queen to fay upon this fubjecl:; 
your Grace knows, in general, that her Ma- 

* This is part of a letter to the Duke of Shrewfbury, 
of the 2$th January, 1712-13. BOLINGBROKE. 



Jefty has been all along inclined to favour 
the republic of Venice, as far as conve- 
niently me could. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

I beg leave to affure my Lady Duchefs of 
my moll humble refpects, and I would, ac- 
cording to my promiie, have had the ho- 
nour before this of writing to her Grace, 
if any thing had happened which the re- 
lation of might ferve to divert her; but we 
are entirely Englifh, extremely dull. 

To Mr. Gilligan*. 

I CANNOT help adding to my letter, 
which has been fome time writ, and has 
waited for the difpatch of the courier, that 
the Spanifh Minifters may perhaps object, 
that we are aiking ourfelves for licences at 
the fame time, and with the fame breath, 
as we exclaim againft thofe contracted for 
with the French, and as we demand the 
recal of them. Methinks there are two very 
good anfwers to be given to this objection : 

* This was added to the letter to Mr. Gilligan, 25th Ja- 
auary, 1712-13. 



Firft, fmce the Spaniards expect that the 
Queen fhould diicourage and hinder her 
fubjecls from exerciimg that power which 
the law and charter gives to the South- Sea 
Company, and fmce the Queen has, in fa6t, 
hindered them from undertaking any thing 
on that fide of the world, whilft they might, 
without giving Spain any juft reafon of 
complaint, have done, nothing is more rea- 
fonable than that an opportunity mould be 
given the merchants of vending the goods 
bought in this proipe6l, and now lying upon 
their hands. 

Secondly, the advantage of 15 per cent, 
flipulated to be made good to the fubjedts of 
Great Britain in their commerce, would not 
only have been grievous to the Spaniards, 
but would like wife have been a prejudice 
to all other nations trading to Spain ; the 
yielding of this point up is, therefore, not 
only a coricefiion to Spain, but to France 
alfo, and to the other mercantile people of 
Europe ; from whence it plainly follows, that 
none of theie ought- to complain of what 
we purchafe in eftecl, by yielding fo great 
a privilege as that abovementioned. 

Give me leave again to recommend dif- 



patch to you, and to tell you my opinion, 
that you will be very well juftified if you 
do, in any inftance, ftretch your inftruclions 
to fave time. I think, as to the mips to be 
lent or fold the Spaniards, you mould turn 
your proportions the moft plaufibly you can : 
Will they, at leaft at firfr, not be in want of 
officers and feamen as well as mips ? 

I have fent my Lord Lexington a copy of 
your lail inftruftions. I am, Sir, &c. 

To the Duke of Shrew/bury. 

Whitehall, January 2jth, 1712-13. 

EVERY delay which happens to obftrua 
the difpatch of this courier, produces a new 
letter to your Grace : the occafion of my 
writing now will, I am fure, equally furprife 
and concern you. 

Yefterday ? between three and four o'clock 
in the afternoon, a fire broke out in the 
Duke d'Aumont's houfe *, and raged with 

* In Great Ormond-ftreet ; it was rebuilt at the charge of 
the French King, but has been many years hnct taken dowo, 
and upon its fite ftand at prefeni Fowis-place md the adjoin- 
ing houfes in Ormond-ftreet. 



fo great fury, that, though there blew little 
or no wind, it was in two hours' time 
confumed to the ground. All that could 
be done was done, both to ftop the fire, and 
to prevent the pillaging which generally 
follows in a confuflon of that kind. A de- 
tachment of the horfe, and another of the 
foot guards were fent; the Duke of Ormond, 
the Captain of the guard in waiting, which 
was the Earl of Arran, Sir William Wynd- 
ham, the Vice Chamberlain, and others, 
went to give the Duke d'Aumont all the af- 
fiance in their power. My Lord Dartmouth 
waited upon him this morning, at the Mar- 
quis de Monteleon's houfe, where he lay, as 
I had done the night before at the rifing 
from the Council ; and the Vice Cham- 
berlain was afterwards with him, in the 
Queen's name. As for the lofs which the 
Duke d'Aumont may have fuffered by this 
misfortune, I am not able to fay any 
thing particular to your Grace ; but I am 
forry to tell you that there appear feveral 
circumftances, which give great reafon to 
apprehend that the fire was not accidental, 
but the effect of malicious and premedi- 
tated contrivance. This is extremely fuf- 



peeled, not only from fcveral private ad- 
vices and warnings which the Duke had, 
and which he neglected, as her Majefly's fer- 
vants do, who have frequent fuggeftions of 
the like nature, but alfb from fire-works 
and powder, which were obferved to be 
fcattered in feveral parts of the houie, and 
from the fire's breaking out in a garret made 
ufe of for the Duke of Powis's lumber, and 
to which none of the Duke d'Aumont's 
family had any accefs. But ftricl enquiry 
is making into all the particular facts, in 
order to difcover the authors of fuch a vil- 
lainy; and in the mean time her Majefty 
has, by compliments and all manner of ci- 
vility, fbftened as much as poffible this mat- 
ter to the Duke ; arid to make him more 
eafy, has given him her own apartments in 
Somerfet-houfe to lodge in, till he can find 
out another houie for himfelf. 

I believe the Duke intends to fend a per- 
fon on purpofe into France to give an ac- 
count of what has happened, which will 
undoubtedly make a great noife in that 
kingdom, and therefore I was willing by this 
meflenger to inform your Grace of it as early 



as I coulcJ, that you might be prepared to 
fpeak of it beforehand^ 

January 28th, 1712-13. 

I WAS got thus far laft night, but deferred 
closing my letter on account of an indifpofi- 
tion which the Queen was under, and 
which gave us, as every one, even the 
flighted, muft do, fome alarm. I can now 
acquaint your Grace, with great joy, that 
her Majefty retted very well laft night, and 
is again extremely well, except as to fome 
fmall remains of a fit of the gout, which has 
not entirely fpent itfelf. I am, &c. 


To the Duke of Shrew/bury. 

January 28th, 1712-13. 

SINGE the other letter of this day's date 
was writ, feveral examinations have been 
had of circumftances advanced to prove 
that the Duke d'Aumont's Houfe was fet on 
fire. I cannot fay, that they anfwer what 
I was made to expect ; I intend to proceed 



as far as I can in theie enquiries, becaufe, on 
one hand, I would not leave fuch a villainy 
undetected, and on the other, I mould be 
forry, undefervedly, to have fuch a reproach 
fixed on the nation. 

I am ever, your Grace's, &c, 

From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, February 2nd, 1713. 

LA Vigne went from hence the 29th De- 
cember, Barton the 8th January, and Berry 
the 19th, to all which we paufe for a reply ; 
and are fo fully fatisfied, that in a day or two 
we mall hear from you as to all points, that 
though we have determined to fend away an 
exprefs, we defer till Saturday, this being 
Thurfday, confiding to the care of this gen- 
tleman only fuch letters as are not of great 

The Duke of Shrewfbury has had a little 
fit of the gout ; I have been with the Mi- 
hiftry at Verfailles, of which you will have 
more by the exprefs which the Duke intends 
mall not go from hence till Saturday, hoping, 
VOL. III. A a iA 


in the mean time, that we may hear from- 
you, and that you, having now before you 
all that has been done at Utrecht, will be 
able to give us the laft peremptory orders, 
which we expect with great impatience. 
I am, &c. M. PRIOR. 

From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, 4th February, 1713. 

ACCORDING to what I promifed in my 
laft letter to your Lordfhip, I in this tranfmit 
the copy, of which his Grace of Shrewsbury 
has like wife tranfmitted to Lord Dartmouth*; 


* " Comme en vue de faciliter 1'ouverture & 1'exercice 
du commerce rtciproque entre la France & la Grande Bre~ 
tagne, il a etc convenu au mois de Juin dernier des deux arti- 
cles fuivans : 

" Article premiere. Qii'en cas qu'on ne tombe pas d'accord 
fur les points en difpute touchant le commerce, des com- 
miiraires foient ncmm6s des deux cotes, qui s'aflembleront 
i Londres, pour examiner & regler les droits & impositions 
qu'on doit payer dans chaque royaume ; & qu'on les ajufte 
de telle maniere, que par-la le commerce entre les deux nations 
foit encourage & tlargi. 

* Article fecond. Qu'aucun privilege ou avantage par rap- 
port au commerce de la France ne fera accorde a. aucune na- 
tion etrangere, qui ne fera pas accorde en mme-tems aux 
fujets defa Majefte la Reine de la Grande Bretagne; de meme 
aucun privilege ou avantage par rapport au commerce de la 
Grande Bretagne ne fera accorde a aucune nation etrangere 
qui ne fera pas accorde en meme-terns aux fujets de fa Ma. 
jefte Tres Cbfcuennc. 


by which your Lordfhip fees our principle 
of amicijfima gens agreed to, and the articles 
of Icfs confequence, dependant upon it, an- 
fwered by the French Plenipotentiaries of 
Utrecht * ; from whence we prefume you 


* En vertu des fufdits articles, il fera nomme des Commif- 
faires, qui s'aflembleront a Londres, pour examiner les droits 
& impofitions qu'on doit payer dans chaque royaume, & les 
regler reciproquement a 1'egard des deux nations, conforme- 
ment a ce que payera la nation etrartgere la plus favorifee ea 
France d'une part, &: de 1'autre dans la Grande Bretagne, 
enforte que les CommifTaires etant d'accord, ce qui doit ctre 
dans 1'efpace de mois, le Roi donnera, & fera publier dans 
fon royaume & pays de fon obeiflance, les ordonnances ne- 
ceflfaires pour faire executer ce qui aura te convenu entre les 
dits Commiflaires, & lever tout empechement au commerce 
en France, des fujets de la Reine de la Grande Breragne ; com- 
me auffi de la part de fa Majefte Britannique, il fera pourvu a 
faire annuller tons aftes de Parlement qui empechent que les 
Francois ne foient traites dans les etats de la Grande Bretagne, 
& de fon obeiflance, comme la nation etrangere la pi \\t favo- 

* " The French at Utrecht, " Concerning the Articles. 
20/A January, 1713. As fQ vifiting and confif- 

*' De tout terns les manu- eating of manufactures, upon 
failures Ctrangeres n'ont etc pretence of fault or fraud in 
admifes en France que par des the making or fabricating 
entrees refer vees, ou elks etoi- thereof, &c. 
ent vifitees de la meme mani- 
cre que le font les ouvra^s 
du royaume Celles d'Angle- 
terre entroient par la Nor- 
mandie, la Brttagne, & la 
Guienne; & s'il s'eu trou- 
voient des vicieufes, elles ttoi- 
cnt confifquees. 

" On derogea a la confif- 
cation en 1606, par le traite 
de Paris du a^ne Fevrier, & 

on A a 2 Relating 


have received them, confidering the date 
they bear of the 2oth January ; it is humbly 


on ftipula que les mauvaifes 
manufactures feroient ren- 
voyees fans droit de fortie. 
Cettedifpofition fut confirmee 

en 1655, P ar I G tra '^ de Weft- " Relating to the 50 fols per 

minfter, & depuis on a con- ton, to remain upon ihe (hips 

tinuc de leferver I'entree des trading ccaft-ways from part 

manufactures etrangeres par ? port in ciirvr kingdom, they 

des litux defignes, & la vilite iw,7/ take it ojf\ as -we jJiall the 

en a toujburs etc faite cepuis five Jbittings per ion - Excepte 

ce terns-la; ce font des lois feulement au cas fuivant: 

fondementales du royaume quandlesnaviresAngloistranf- 

qu'on ne pourroit abolir. porteront des marchandifes 

<; On ne pourra accorcler qa'ils auront chargces dans un 

aux navigateurs Anglois la na- port de France, & qu'ils les 

vigation de port en port en dcchargeront dans un autre 

France, qu'a condition qu'elie port de France ; au quel cas, 

fut permife aux Francois en & en nul autre, les fujets de 

Angleterre; fans cette red- la Grande Bretagne paveront 

procite on ne pe ut I- accord er k droit abroge &: aboli dans 

en France aux Anglois, & ils 
ne peuvent la demander ; en- 
core faudroit-il par la meme 
raifon que les cinq fchellings 
fuflent reduits a la moitie, 
parce que ce feroit a-peu-pivs 
la valeurde 50 fols de France. 
" II eil vrai que par le traite 
de Ryfwickia France accmda 
cette hculte aux Hollandois, 
fans ftipultr le reciproque 

le pfefent article ; mais ils ne 
le paveront que fuivant la 
proportion des marchandifes 
qu'iis auront charge, mais nou. 
ftiivant la capacue du, vaif- 

*' In thefe words our Pleni- 
potentiaries have given in this 
exception to the French at 
Utrecht; you find they give 
no didinc! antwer, but judge 

pour les Franyois en Hollande ; it referable to Commiflioners. 
mais c'eft uniquement a canfe 
que le commerce de la Hol- 
lande fe faifant par les canaux, 

ne pent fe faire par mer de port en port, ce qui eft fort diffe- 
rent dans les vailfeaux de la Grande Bretagne ; d'ailleurs les 
Hollandois ont toujours paye le droit en queftion fur toute la 
capacite du yaifTeau, fans avoir egard a fa charge. 

" Quant a ['abolition dc ce droit pour les vaifleaux qui ar- 
riveront d'Angleterre, ou dt-s aurres endroits du monde dans 
les ports de France, on y confent, mais a condition qu'elle 



iubmitted to her Majefty, if the main article 
of a micijpma gem be fuch as m : ay merit her 

approbation ; 

ne commencera en France qu'au meme jour qu'elle aura lieu 
en Angleterre. 

A> to Pojt Entries, &c. 

" Ce'.ix qui ont donne au fait, leurs declarations des mar- 
chandiles qu'ils apportent, ne peuventplus augmenter in dirni- 
nuci, fous pretexte d'omiffion ou autrement; & la veritt- oa 
la faufletc ile la declaration eft jugee fur ce qui a etc premiere- 
men : declare. 

. Voila a quoi les marchands Francois font aflujetis; on ne 
peut fairer en cela les Anglois autrement que les propres fujets 
de fa Majefte. II eft vrai qu'on doit favorifer 1'innocence, 
mais il n'eft pas moins vrai qu'il taut prevenir & empecher ies 

'* The. Article for appointing Confuls. 

"Qn ne trouvedans aucun traite entre la France & J'Angle- 
terre I'etablifiement des Confuls, qu'on propofe, on eroit qu'il 
Ltfoit prcjudiciahle au commerce des deux nations, car ordi- 
nairementles Confuls Air les marchands fe menagent les enter <- 
prifes les plus profi'iables a 1'exclufion de leurs compatriotes. 
nonobilant les defences qu'ils en ont. Et 'de plus les appointe- 
mens de ces perlonnes publiques font pris fur le commerce, 
& c'eft une charge rt-clie qu'il convient d'eviter; ainfi au lieu 
de Confuls, on pourroit envoyer de part & d'autre a Paris 
& a Londres un Refident de commerce, pour y recevoir les 
griefs que chaque nation pourroit fourrrir, afin de les reparer 
en les reprcfentant a Meffieurs les Miniftres des deny Cou- 
obtenant jes ordres qui leroient convenables. 

" In relation to the tarifof the \tb September, 1664. 
" The inclofed Memorial gives an anfwer to this article, 
gpon which likewife the particular regulation of the other 
ai tides will depend. Comm'iilioners to be appointed to 
tiiat end. 

" Concerning tare on goods imported into France. 
" Les fujets du Roi, & tons les Grangers tenus de payer les 
droits d'entrce fur les marchandife?;, fans faire diminution du 
posds des emballages, des caiffes, & des tonneaux, exceptc les 
foieries, & ies cpicci ies. On ne peut faire a cet tgard, ni or- 
tlonnance nouvelle, ni accorder ce qu'on di-mande ; & lea 
Anglois fur cela feront traites comme les Francois. 

A a ^ " A. 


approbation ; the others, your Lordfhip fees, 
fuch as the tobacco farmed, the hindering 
merchandife to be vifited and confifcated by 
reafon of deficiency in its goodnefs, meafure, 
&c. which are againfl the- laws and confti- 
tution of France, are anfwered in the nega- 
tive, the reft yielded or referred to Com- 
miffioners, as the nature of the thing in cir- 
cumftances, particularly of time, requires ; 
but this is no explanation to your Lordfhip, 
who is perfectly matter of the whole. 

I will not infill upon my own aftoni(h- 
ment, that we have no courier ; nil admi- 
rari\ I am a patient man, and will leave 
the Duke of Shrewfbury to chide you, which 
is the thing in the world he can do worft. 

My Lord Treafurer's goodnefs to me, has 
left me too ample a commiflion as to ex- 
pence, that I dafe not make ufe of it with- 
out fome directions and reftriclions, or marks 
of its boundaries ; I muft have recourfe to 
your friendship to inform me, if, upon a 
confideration that 1 am to Hay here till the 

'* As to ivbat concerns the Tobacco Farm, in France. 
re Les Anglois auront la perrmflion de vendre leur tabac au 
fermier, comme les Marchands Francois Tont. On nt peut 
rien etranger a 1'ufage etabli fur cela en France. 

" Agreed. Head-money and argent-du-chef to 

t>e reciprocally abolifhed."' 



renunciation and entry, at the firft of which 
I mir'i ciflift by virtue of my powers, and at 
thi? fecond in hciK-ur to the nation and the 
AmbaiTador ; if, I fay, 1 muft not have horfes 
and a coach, otherwife than equipage hired 
by the month, which, in my conscience, I 
think will coft me but little more than that 
in which I now am : of this, I beg you to 
ipeak to Lord Treafurer, and give me a hint, 
that I may order thofe affairs accordingly, 
which in point of time will admit of no 
delay. I may fwear to your Lordfhip, and 
you will take my word for it, that as to my 
own fatisfa6lion, I would not give fixpence 
for the parading part; what I hope from my 
little fervices, though zealous endeavours., 
being fome fmall eftablifhment at home, in 
which I may blefs the Queen's goodnefs, and 
cultivate the honour of Lord Bolingbroke's 
friendfhip, whofe very faithful, &c. 


1 fend .you a cargo which 1 received this 
morning from Count Monoftrole *, and my 
Lord Duke fends to Lord Dartmouth a me- 
morial from the Elector of Cologne ; my 

* The Bavarian Minifter. 

A a 4 Lord 


Lord Duke likewife recommends the Duke 
de St. Pierre's affair, and J mould be unjuft 
to Madame de Croilly and to Monfieur de 
Torcy, if I did not remind your Lordfhip 
of it ; for it is with a very pleafing vanity, 
that I hear them fay, Harre jera tout four 

I fend you the beft truffles in the world, 
pray let me by your means make my court 
with them. Adieu, my Lord, 

I am, ever your's. 

To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, January 26, 1712-13. 

THOUGH you complain, dear Matt, of 
not hearing from other parts, fo often as the 
fervice feems to require, I doubt you will 
find that you hear from me too often, and I 
pray to Heaven the Duke of Shrewfbury do 
not pafs the fame cenfure upon me. 

It is fo neceffary to finifh, and it is fb ne- 
cefTary not to fuffer ourfelves to be bantered 
at the clofe of the treaty out of an advan- 
tage, which we have obtained in the courfe 
of the negociation, that I never could hold 



my pen ftill, as long as I had a thought in 
my mind upon this iubje6t unopened. 

You have feen by this, that if the article 
of Newfoundland admits of difficulty, it is 
only becaufe of thofe which France keeps 
up with refpecl to trade. 

A fmall miftake happened, and who can 
avoid fome in a work of this length, extent, 
and perplexity ? but, I believe you will agree 
with me, that it had better be owned by us 
than improved by the French. 

All impofitions laid fince the year 1664, 
are not to be taken off, but all prohibitions 
of merchandife of France, fays the paper put 
into your hands ; and as to impofitions, they 
are to be reduced to the fame proportion as 
other nations pay f 

I am glad to find the Duke and you fo well 
pleafed with each other, you" are both in the 

My friendfhip, dear Matt, fhall never fail 
thec, employ it all, and continue to love 



To the Earl of Str afford. 

Whitehall, February 3rd, 1712-13. 
INDEED, my Lord, it is impoflible to 
fay enough in commendation of that good 
conduct which has overcome the obftinacy 
of the Dutch, and by prevailing on them 
to execute the barrier treaty, has buried at 
-once all their diiputes with the Queen. The 
Whigs, who railed all the while this matter 
was in fufpence, and cried we were going 
to plunder the States, and to undermine the 
Proteftant fucceffion, by fubftituting a very 
bad treaty in lieu of a very good one, have 
already changed their tone, and affect to de- 
clare that they can have no objection to this 
treaty, fince it is in effect the fame with that 
which my Lord Townfhend made. You 
fee how readily this faction take every new 
pli which their leaders think fit to give them. 
You are furely in the right, when you ap- 
pear fo eager to have every thing, as foon as 
poffible, concluded. The conference between 
the French and the Dutch, mentioned in 
one of your Lordfhips' joint-letters, fuffici- 
ently fhows what we are to expecl from 
keeping the negociation any longer open. 



The Duke of Shrewfbury is inftru&ed to 
take up the matter warmly, and to fpeak a 
language that, I 'confefs, I hope and believe, 
will determine the court of France, fince no 
little advantage which they might gain by 
the opening the campaign, can make them 
amends for the riik they run of raifmg a new 
ferment in Europe, which mufr. naturally 
happen, if the peace comes to be delayed 
by their fault. 

I agree in the obfervation you make, as to 
what pafifes at Paris. We have got over the 
ill effecl of too much forwardnefs, and now 
the game appears fo fafe and fo eafy to be 
played, I hope we mall not fuffer by too 
great caution ; I know of no meafures taketi 
for flickering any body, neither does there 
appear to me any itorm in the air to occa- 
fion them. You and I, my Lord, have feen 
the time when it was neceffary to acl, in 
the midft of danger, as if none had beea 
near us ; but thofe days are paft, and the 
blefling will be fo much the more dear to us, 
as we run through the more trouble and the 
more peril in the purfuit of it. 

I have not yet had an opportunity of 

breaking to the Marquis dc Monteleon, the 

i rcqueil 


requeft which Count Paffionei makes ; in a 
day or two, I will not fail to prefs him, and 
am not without hopes of jfucceeding. He 
is a man of good abilities, and not half fo 
much a Frenchman as he is reputed to be. 
J think I may venture to fay, we have efta- 
blifhed already, through him, a confidence 
with the court of Madrid, and particularly 
with the PrincefTe des Urfins. Your Lord- 
fhip will, in a fhort time, fee fome proofs of 
this, which cannot fail to furprize you agree- 
ably, and which will not be very welcome in, 

The King of Pruffia does me a great deal 
of honour, and I will make my acknowledg- 
ments to his Majefty in the befl manner I 
am able ; to your Lordfhip I may fay, that 
I am equally at a lofs to find how I came to 
be out of his good graces, or how I came to 
be reftored to them again. As to Monlieur 
Grumkow *, whom I know extremely well, 
though I never faw him ; it is qf very little 
moment what meafures he purfues ; but I 
dare fay, he wants nothing but the oppor- 

* Pruffian Refident at the Hague; he was a General in the 
army, and, like th? chief part of the foreign Commanders, was 
extremely difappointed at the conclufion of the war, 



Umity to return to thofe which he has been 
accuftomed to io long. 

What your Lordmip faid, both to the 
French and Dutch, as I find it in your letter 
of the 4th, was perfectly right ; if the latter 
confent to refer the four fpecies, as the 
Queen has done, and talk no more of Conde, 
France muft chicane no more with them, 
about the extent of the ceflions which are to 
be made. The Queen will open the true 
ftate of the negociation to her Parliament, 
and to the world, and let mankind be judges 
at whofe door the delay is to be fixed. 

As to the bufmefs of Spain, I fhall be ready 
amply to inftruc~t your Lordmip, and I hope 
fo as to leave you very little trouble, in a 
very few days ; in the mean time, the renun- 
ciations muft be made in France, and the 
admifiion of the Spanim Minifters muft be 
demanded at Utrecht*. Your Lordmip 
will continue to infift in thofe terms, that 
the Catalans be reftored to their ancient pri- 
vilege? , and we will carry the point. 

Your Chaplain may be afTured of my beft 
fervices, it is enough that your Lordmip is 

* Hitherto, Spain had not been permitted to fend Plenipo- 
tentiaries to the Congrefs at Utrecht. 

2 his 


his patron to make me his fervant. I have 
fpoke both for him and for Mr. Duret, and 
will repeat my applications. 

To tell your Lordihip the truth, I do not 
fee the Queen inclined to give anfwer to the 
Elector of Cologne *. She has too much 
trouble about one of the brothers, to give 
herfelf more for the other; and befides, of all 
the Princes in Chriftendom, me thinks this 
man deferves the leaft good at her hands. 

The proxies your Lordfhip fent being 
dated, and a prorogation -f having happened 
to-day, I am obliged to fend others to you, 
which I beg you to fign, but leave other wife 
quite in blank for greater fecurity. I will 
take care to infert no name but my owiu fmce 
your Lord (hip is lo good as to intend rne 
that favour, or Lord Berkeley's. My dear 
Lord, good night, all happinefs ever attend 
you. I am, with the utmoft refpeft, 

Your Lordfhip's, &c. 

* The Eleftors of Bavaria and Cologne were brothers. 
f For a fortnight. 



Prom the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Paris, February 4th, 1713, N.S. 
IN your Lordfhip's letter of the ;th Ja- 
nuary, N.S, I was promifed that, this day 
was a fortnight, a mefTenger mould be dif- 
patched hither, I concluded that what Mr. 
Prior firft, and I had fince writ, upon the dif- 
ficulty we found in the main article of com- 
merce, as well as upon Newfoundland, would 
haflen that expreis ; but none coming, I can 
no longer diflemble my impatience, but con- 
fefs to you", I make a figure not very credit- 
able to the miniftry or myielf, to remain in 
luch a conjuncture thus long without know- 
ing any thing from home, but what comes 
printed in the Poft-Poy *. The neceiiity of 
bringing this treaty to a fpeedy deciiion one 
way or other, is as evident as the delay in 
giving orders upon it is wonderful ; God 
fend it a happy conclufion, and me well at 
Heathrop ! 

Your Lord/hip will fee by Mr. Prior's 
letter to you, and by mine to Lord Dart- 

A newfpaper fo called. 



mouth, what this King now offers upon the 
main articles of commerce : if it be judged 
fufficient in England, and the expedient Mr. 
Prior fent a month fince about Newfound- 
land, may be accepted ; I hope her Majefty 
will give immediate directions to the Pleni- 
potentiaries, to conclude at Utrecht ; but 
if they are not fatisfaclory, let it be known 
without farther lofs of time, for befides that 
delay is highly prejudicial in the prefent cir- 
cumftance, it- looks like irrefolution, and is 
enough to lofe a caufe which might be other- 
wife gained ; I mall only add, that if her 
Majefry infills upon the article of Newfound- 
land,!!! the ftricl terms of* my laft inftructions, 
it is a matter they think of fuch confequence 
to them, that it will be requifhe your Lord- 
mi p and Lord Treafurer mould write to 
Moniieur de Torcy, in a moil pofitive and 
refolute llyle, and let him underfland the 
peace cannot be had without it ; as to the 
heads of commerce, I confefs myielf fo igno- 
rant, that when they delcend to particulars, 
it is impoifible for me to debate upon them, 
and th; 'fared way, and Ipeedieft method 
would I QC to fend ibmebody well verfed iii 
trade, to argue thole points at Utrecht. 

I have 


I have fent to Lord Dartmouth the cafes 
of the Duke of St. Pierre ; you are inform- 
ed of his preteniions, and know the fhare 
the Colbert family take in this affair, fo 
doubt not but what is proper and juft her 
Majefty will cjo in this particular, in confi- 
deration of Madame de CroiiTi and Monfieur 
de Torcy, who omit no opportunity of 
fhowing their refpecl to her Majefty, and to 
whoever any way belongs to her* I am 
juft got out of a fhort fit of the gout, 
which hindered my going to Verfailles laft 
week, I deiign to be there in two or three 
days ; by the peevifhnefs of my letters you 
will fufpe6l I am not quite recovered, but 
this being writ to Lord Bolingbroke as to 
a friend, and not as Secretary of State, I 
have opened my heart fmcerely and without 
difguife, as I do when I allure you, I am, 

My Lord, &c. SHREWSBURY* 

From the Duke from Shreiujbury. 

Verfailles, February yth, N.S. 1713. 

THE meflenger arrived at Paris on Sa* 
turday night, and on Sunday Mr. Prior came 
hither with the article, which he left in 

VOL. 111. B b Monfieur 


Monfieur de Torcy's hands till I came, 
which was yefterday; Monfieur de Torcy 
having examined the article, and mowed it 
to the King, told me laft night it was all 
agreed to, except thefe laft words, omnmo in 
Contrarium, &c. which he infilled would 
give us opportunity, in cafe the commii- 
fioners came to no agreement, within the 
time prefcribed, to demand the exemption 
from thofe fpecies, which are excepted in the 
body of the article ; and propofed cither an 
explanatory clauie, that the power of the 
Commiflioners mould be underftood to be 
confined to thofe fpecies only, or to have 
the claufe abfolutely left out ; I could not 
think it proper to confent to either of thefe 
propofals, judging the article to have been 
maturely weighed and coniidered, and not 
forefeeing what effect any alteration therein 
might produce, I chofe rather to give the 
miniftry the incloied note*, which I con- 

* " Pour lever la difficile a 1'cgard des derniers paroles de 
Particle, intitule, in locum 9 Cff 10 art. Traflatus de Co 


Coirime fi, pofantlecas que les CommifTaires ne s'accordafTent 
point au bout du terns preterit, on pouvoit s'en prevaloir a 
demander dcs avantages nouveaux, j'eatends que la Reine ne 
pretend pas, en vertu de cet article, de tirer d'autres avantages 
du tarif de 1664, que ceux qxii feront accorde par la France 
sux Hollandois, par la paix pa-ochaine, & que Monfieur \e 



elude to be her Majefty^'s fenfe, and con- 
fbnant to the tenour of the article ; fo that, 
taking this article to be fettled, I have agreed 
to the other of Newfoundland, and have 
obtained, that the Ifle of Sable is yielded 
to us, and makes our boundary on the fide 
of Acadia. 

I do not doubt but this exprefs will arrive 
foon enough for the opening of the Parlia- 
ment, and that her Majefty declaring in her 
fpeeeh, that me has rimmed with France, 
will facilitate and haften our allies to make 
their peace. Monfieur de Torcy afTures me, 
that orders are already given, and mall be 
repeated to their Plenipotentiaries, to mow 
the allies, that by the faireft and openeft 
proceedings, France is willing to come to a 
fpeedy conclufion. 

I thought it of confequeiice not to lofe a 
moment in difpatching this courier, which 
has not yet allowed me time to enter into 
the other particulars, fome of which will oc- 
caiion longer debates. J am, my Lord, &c. 


Due d'Aumont eft en droit, s'iljuge neceflaire de demauder 
unc telle explication a Londres. 

k" Fait a Verfailles, ce 7me Fevrier, 1713. 
B b 2 From 


Prom the Duke of Shrewsbury* 

Verfailles, February yth, 1713, N.S. 

COMMERCE is a thing I underftand 
fo little, that I was much alarmed when 
Monfieur de Torcy propofed leaving out the 
laft words of the article your Lordmips fent 
over. This King's Council fuipefted we 
defigned by that laft claufe, to obtain an 
exemption of duty upon thofe very fpecies 
excepted in the body of the article ; I, con- 
cluding no fuch thing was intended, chofe 
rather to fign the papers I have fent in- 
clofed, than to alter or leave out one word 
of the articles. I hope I have acted ac- 
cording to her Majefty's intention, and that 
all difputes concerning our interefts are now 
fettled, which if I find fo underftood in Eng- 
land at the return of the next courier, it 
will be time I mould demand the renun- 
ciation thefe Princes are to make to the 
crown of Spain, upon which, I hope her Ma- 
jefty will fend her orders. 

As to the departure of the Chevalier, 
Monfieur de Torcy told me, the King ha- 
thought on an expedient, viz. to fend him 
2 to 


to Nancy ; I made no reply, not knowing 
whether that would be conftrued in Eng- 
land fending him out of France. 

The Duke of Berwick*, juft returned 
triumphant from Spain, was this morning in 
the apartments ; he defired Moniieur de 
Torcy to enquire of me, whether his vifit 
would be acceptable, if he came to fee me 
at Paris. I anfvvered, I had no difficulty to 
pay the Duke of Berwick all refpeft due to 
him in a third place, but hoped he would 
not give himfelf the trouble of vifiting me, 
becaufe I could not return it, and fhould be 
very forry to be forced to do an uncivil thing 
to a perfon of his quality and merit. A 
little while after, Monfieur de Torcy brought 
him to make me a compliment in the King's 
bed-chamber, and being invited to dine at 
the Duke de Noailles, where he dined al- 
fo, all pafTed civilly between us. I defire 
your Lordmip will inform her Majefty and 
Lord Treafurer of this, and if I have done 
too much or too little, fet me right for the 

* Natural fon of King James II, by Arabella Churchill, 
flfter of the Duke of Maryborough, created, 1687, Duke f 
Berwick by his father; he was Grandee of Spain, Knight of 
the Golden Fleece, and in 1734, was killed at the fiege of 
Philipfburg, being at that time Generalifiimo of the French 

B b 3 future. 


future. Several Engliih gentlemen of the 
St. Germain's Court, have afked to vifit 
me, but I have let them underftand I de- 
fired to be excufed ; and not having feen my 
own aunt, others would be in the wrong if 
they took it ill. I am, &c. 


To the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Whitehall, February 4th, 1712-13. 

I WAS not at all furprifed at the uneafi- 
nefs which you exprefTed in your letter of 
the 4th, and I flatter myfelf your Grace re- 
members fo well on what foot you left us, 
that you do not blame me, if the mefTenger 
was not difpatched on the day I fixed. 

I acquainted the Queen with what your 
Grace mentions of your conducl towards the 
Duke of Berwick, and fuch of the St. Ger- 
main's Court as have afked to vHit you, 
and am commanded to fay, that (he thinks 
your Grace has done neither too much nor 
too little. 

Though I have not time at prefent to ap- 
prize your Grace of all the particulars, yet 

I cannot 


I cannot omit acquainting you, that our 
negociations with the Court of Spain fuc- 
ceed beyond our expectations, and that Mr. 
Gilligan deferves to have his ftatue creeled. 
I hope in few days to have fmifhed the pro- 
ject of the Spanim treaty with the Marquis 
de Monteleon, who proves more than we 
were made to expect. I cannot fay the fame 
of the Due d'Aumont. He has about him 
feveral people who know nothing of our 
affairs. He knows lefs, and both they and 
he fancy they know even more than we who 
are on the fpot : this makes me apprehend 
that the accounts which he gives of the 
ftate of things may be often miftaken, and 
therefore I judged it necefTary to give your 
Grace this hint. He receives penny-pofr, 
letters and intelligence from refugees, and 
believes them all. You will laugh when 
I tell you, that he had taken it the other day 
into his head, that the reafon for proroguing 
the Parliament was becaufe the Queen durfr. 
not ftir abroad, left (he mould be afTafrinated ! 
1 am, &c. 

B b 4 


To the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Whitehall, Feb. 4th, 1712-13. 

YOUR Grace's letters of the 4th were 
followed To quickly by thofe of the jth, that 
I had hardly time to take part in the uneafi- 
nefs which your Grace expreffes in the 

The Queen, my Lord, is extremely pleafe4 
to find the article of commerce fettled, and 
by' that, all her material differences with 
France adjufted. We cannot fee that there 
was the leaft ground for the apprehenfion. 
which the French Ministers pretended to be 
in, that by thofe words, omnmo In contrarium^ 
6cc. we fhould have an opportunity, in cafe 
the Commiffioners came to no agreement, to 
demand an exemption of thofe fpecies which 
are excepted in the body of the article. The 
Queen has no defign but what your Grace 
lays down in the explanatory paper whicji 
you gave to the Minifters of France, an$ 
indeed the words which immediately pre- 
cede thofe objedled to by the French, fhow 
plainly that her Majefty claims the benefit 
qf the tarif of 1664 no otherwife than as 



;t mall be granted to the fubjefts of any 
other, the mod favoured nation. 

It is certainly now time that your Grace 
mould demand the renunciations which the 
Princes of the Houfe of Bourbon are to 
make of the crown of Spain, and I fup- 
pofe the Earl of Dartmouth fends you her 
Majefty's orders which were yefterday given 
in council, to that purpofe. I write like- 
wife by this poft to the Plenipotentiaries 
at Utrecht, that their Lordfhips are now to 
demand the admiffion of the Spanifh Mini- 
fters into the Congrefs, to which overture 
there will, without doubt, be no oppofition 
from any quarter . 

Thus, my Lord, every thing tends to a 
ponclufion, and the Queen is glad to hear 
the orders are already given to the French 
Plenipotentiaries, to fhow the allies, that, 
by the faireft and openeft proceedings, France 
is willing to come to a fpeedy end of the 
treaty ; but I am commanded at the lame 
time to fay to your Grace, that her Majefty 
wimes the late behaviour of the French 
Miniftcrs at Utrecht had been influenced by 
fuch a principle. 

I inclofe an extract of a letter from the 



Queen's Plenipotentiaries, by which you will 
fee, my .Lord, in what manner the Minifters 
of France thought fit to treat thofe of the 
States-General, in the firft conference they 
had with them, after the difpute about Mon- 
fieur de Rechtercn's affair had been accom- 
modated, and the Dutch had given the fa- 
tisfaclion required. The Queen would have 
your Grace take notice of this to Monfieur 
de Torcy, as a matter which infinitely fur- 
prifed and concerned her Majefty, and upon 
thisoccafion put the Minifter again in mind 
of the rule which her Majefty laid down fo 
long ago, and from which me neither has 
nor will depart. Since the Dutch treat, 
lince they defire in earnefl to conclude, fmce 
they will drop the contefts about Conde and 
about the four fpecies, the Queen cannot 
abandon, nor fign her treaty without them ; 
mould the States ftand off, on account of the 
two la.fl mentioned points, they would be in 
the wrong, and the Queen would wait no 
longer for them ; but if they refufed to fign 
till France yields the Chatellenies promifed, 
in fuch manner, and according to fuch li- 
mits, as France has pofTeffed them, then 
they are in the right, and the Queen will 



wait for them, efpoufe their caufe, and (land 
and fall with them. 

The Minifters of France having thought 
fit to difown the piopufitioa which the 
Queen believed they would have flood to, 
relating to the Elector of Bavaria, her Ma- 
jefry does not fee how (he can farther m- 
tereft herfelf in that affair ; her intention 
therefore at prefent is, to leave the parties 
concerned to wrangle upon the feveral ex- 
pedients that are ftarted. It is not to be. 
fuppofed that a little more or a little lefs 
to this Prince will occafion the continuance 
of the war ; they will, among themfelves, 
fall upon fomething or other at laft ; the 
Queen will impofe no plan upon either 
party. Perhaps, by the next courier I may 
have fome overture to infmuate to your 
Grace, which will put the generofity of 
France to a trial ; for if the King expects fo 
much from the Empire in favour of his 
ally, it will become natural for the Em- 
pire to expect a little from his Majefty. The 
weaknefs remaining in the Queen's feet, 
after a pretty fevere fit of the gout, has 
been the principal motive for proroguing 
the Parliament to the iyth inftant ; the 



Queen will then open a full and true ftate 
of the treaty to the world : a little candour, 
a little facility, on the part of France to 
the allies, will procure fuch refolutions here 
3S muft determine all of them to conclude. 
If your Grace cannot make men reafon- 
able, they are very far gone in folly ; my 
ipirit is, therefore, eafy ; and I perfuadc 
myfelf beforehand, that you will procure 
fuch orders to be fent to the French Mini- 
fters at Utrecht, as may enable thofe of her 
Majefty to prefs the allies, and may make 
it fit for them to declare that the Queen is 
ready to fign, and me will flay no longer for 
any one. I am, &c. 


Prom Mr. Prior. 

Verfailles, February 7 th, 1713. 
I NEED not enter into the particulars of 
your Lordfhip's letter of the i9th, or fay 
any thing more of the article and explana- 
tion of it fent from hence by Philips on Sa- 
turday, but mail proceed to tell you, that 
the Latin article which you fent us by Bar- 


ton, who arrived here fome hours after 
Philips's departure, is agreed to, and the Ifle 
de Sable yielded to us as the boundary of 
Acadia. What my Lord Duke writes to you, 
explains Monfieur de Torcy's apprehenfion 
of what we might pretend in virtue of the 
laft claufe, in cafe the CommhTioners mould 
come to no agreement in the time prefcrib^ 
ed, the remedies he propofed to obviate this 
difficulty, and the aflurance which my Lord 
Duke has given the Miniftry of the fenfe in. 
which the article is to be underflood. I own 
to you, my Lord, that the thing had been 
fo bandied about, that it grew confufed, and 
that I think, by explaining our meaning 
on both fides, we began to have our inten- 
tions fufpe&ed ; but our apprehenfions that 
the French were bringing us to a new prin* 
ciple, and their fear that we defired more 
than I am of opinion we did defign, arc 
cured by the article as you fent it, and I 
took it, as to what nothing could be added, 
and from what nothing mould be diminifh- 
ed ; fo that, once more thanking your Lord- 
ihip for it, and hoping you will approve of 
what has been done upon it, I congratu- 


late your having finiflied all that we had to 

decide with this nation.- 

As I had a very fair opportunity, upon 
our own affair thus finimed, to enter with 
Monfieui de Torcy upon the general plan of 
peace, I led him into the fenie of your let- 
ter, and am glad to tell you, that he aflures 
me their Plenipotentiaries have already, and 
fhall have, repeated orders to make fuch pro- 
pofals to every one of the allies, as fhall 
fhow the. fincere and earnefl deiire that 
France has to come to a fpeedy conclufion, 
and keep our allies in the wrong, in cafe they 
are ill enough advifed to delay any longer : 
the lame doctrine ray Lord Duke of Shrewf- 
bury has with more efficacy, as with much 
greater ability, inculcated fo well, that I do 
not doubt but you will have the good effects 
of it from Utrecht. 

I will detain your Lordfhip no longer 
from what my Lord Duke writes to you, 
than to afiure you that I am, &c. v 



To Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, Febuary 4th, 1712-13. 
HAVING writ largely both in my private 
and public difpatch to the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury, I ihall give you by this courier very 
little trouble. We are at an end I think of 
our difputes with France relating to our own 
interefls, I am fure we are ready to conclude 
with Spain, fo that the French have it now 
in their power, as foon as they pleafe, to fi- 
ni(h the great work; in order to this they 
muft put on another character than they took 
in their conference with the Dutch Ministers 
at Utrecht. If as faft as we can make the 
allies yield, thefe Gentlemen rife in their de- 
mands, there will be no end. I know that the 
States will agree to refer the confideration of 
the four fpecies, as the Queen has done; 
they mutt, and wfll, drop the demand of 
Conde ; in this cafe therefore we will not, we 
ought not, to fign without them ; they have 
been in the wrong hitherto, but France may, 
by chicaning about the dependencies of the 
Chatellanies to be yielded, put them in the 

3 The 

384. i.ETTERS AN I) 

The Queen is not yet able to walk, thougri,- 
God be praifed ! (he is perfectly recovered of 
her indifpofition which alarmed us laft week, 
and therefore chiefly the Parliament is again 
prorogued to the feventeenth ; but another 
coniideration was, that fince the allies do in 
earrieft treat, and are preffing to conclude, her 
Majefl y Was defirous to fee before (he fpokfe' 
to the two houfes, in what manner the French 
Would proceed ; for me is determined to open 
the true flate of the negociations, and to let 
the world know where the blame of delay is 
to be imputed. 1 hope our friend, Monfieur 
de Torcy, will prevail on his Court to pre- 
ferve to the end that candour, that fpirit of 
facility, that bcnne foi, with which they be- 

Adieu, &c. 


From Mr. Prior *,- 
Mir LORD, 

Paris, February I2th, 

I W I L L no way doubt but that the 

Ireflenger whom we dilpatched hence iht 

* Received by Sir Thomas Hanmer. 



feventh, has freed you from all the apprehen- 
ilons which you were under when you writ 
to me on the 22d of January ; and as I told 
you by that mefTenger, fo I repeat to you, 
that I have put every word of your doctrine 
into practice, in relation to France, juftifying 
itfelf to the world in its real defire of a fpeedy 
and equitable peace, and putting the allies in 
the wrong (or indeed keeping them fo) in cafe 
they ftand out any longer ; I find Monfieur 
de Torcy had already fent fuch orders to 
Utrecht - y that our Plenipotentiaries write the 
French are more eafy as to the garrifoning 
thofe towns in which the Elector of Bavaria 
is concerned. Monfieur de Torcy has faid, 
but defired it fhould not appear as from him 
in writing, that it is underftood that Prince's 
property in thofe places, is no longer to be 
referved to him, than till he fhall be put into 
pofleffion of his dominions in Germany, the 
Upper Palatinate excepted, and of the king- 
dom of Sardinia ; he confents that Nieuport 
fhould have an Englifh garrifon, the town of 
Namur a Dutch, the citadel a Bavarian gar- 
rifon, in Charleroy a Dutch, and in Luxem- 
bourg a Bavarian : that the execution of the 
treaty made between the King of the Romans 
VOL. III. C c and 


and the Ele&rice, in 1704, fhould be required 
by the Elector's Minifters, or by what other 
canal fhould be judged proper ; that the 
Queen would be pleafed to affift him, in that 
or any other juft demand he may make, al- 
ways underftanding, as I make Monfieur dc 
Torcy always understand, that her Majefty is 
under no other obligation but that of her own 
generofity, and engaged no farther than as is 
fpecified in the propofal concerning Tournay, 
as I brought it over to England. We {hall 
find no great difficulty as to the garrifoning 
lionne and Liege j the Elector of Cologne 
and his Chapter, as he is Bifhop of Liege, 
difagreeing, will make the garriforting the 
town of Liege eafy enough for the other par- 
ties to appoint ; that of Bonne, if Imperial 
troops or thofe of the circle, will make no 
great difference ; and Huy will be allowed to 
be garrifoned by Holland troops, as its neigh- 
bourhood to Maeftricht will very well juftify. 
I am very apprehenfive we mail not get 
the villages in difpute for Savoy, though the 
Duke of Shrewfbury has offered the equi- 
valent, Monfieur de Torcy ftiil perfifting 
that his Royal Highnefs knows already that 
it is the ancient domain of France which he 



afks, and has neither right or pretence to. 
He eternally refers me to what he has writ 
to your Lordfhip upon that fubject, and to 
the anfwers which the French Plenipoten- 
tiaries have made at Utrecht on that head ; 
.but as we go to-morrow to Verfailles, and 
mall fpeak to Monfieur de Torcy again of this 
and every other point yet undecided, upon 
which in a few days we mall lend you an 
account, what I now write is referable to 
what we mail then confirm, which, to my 
utmoft, I fliall endeavour to have fuch as 
may correfpond with the ideas you have given 

As to the Dutch, I have told you many 
a day mice that the four fpecies would never 
be yielded as in the tarif of 1664, the yield- 
ing it being deftructive to the manufactures, 
fifhery, and colonies of this kingdom ; and 
as to the fifhery, as it will ftand in relation 
to us about Newfoundland, the people of 
Weft France are very ill fatisfied ; and our 
good friends at Amfterdam you will find not 
much better fatisfied than the French, though 
it does not directly tend to their difadvan- 

This is all I have at prefent to fay to your 
C c 2 Lordfhip* 


Lordfhip in relation to the public ; I leave 
it to Sir Thomas Hanmer*, who does me 
the favour to bring you this letter, to repeat 
to you, amongft the circum fiances of private 
life, that I am, &c. 


Mademoifelle Noailles is to be married 
this day fev'nnight to old Chateaurenault's 
only fbn, and I am to be at the wedding ; 
Duchefs Noailles is very much your fervant; 
we all dined there laft week very fplendidly. 

Pray fend us the Queen's fpeech immedi- 
ately. We have no tidings of your fhip. 
Once more, my dear Lord, your's ever. 

From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, February I3th, ten at night, 1713. 
I HAD fealed the inclofed, and was going 
to Verfailles with the Duke of Shrewibury, 
when the courier, Haywood, in his journey 

* Sir Thomas Hanmer had intended to go to Italy, but the 
critical fituation of affairs induced the Miniftry to folicit his 
fpeedy return, though he had not proceeded upon his journey 
farther than Paris. 



to Spain, brought me your Lordmip's of the 
24th and 26th; pray believe that I can never 
hear often enough from you, and that your 
orders muft always guide me. I am very 
appreheniive that the accident of the Duke 
d'Aumont's houfe being burnt, will be im- 
proved into a plot ; and 1 know thefe people 
well enough to affure you, that many of 
them will be of the fame opinion. 

The article of commerce as agreed here, 
and returned for the approbation of what 
my Lord Duke declared upon it, has made 
all difcourfe upon that fubjecl: ufelefs ; how- 
ever, in anfwer to your's of the 24th, I can- 
not but obferve, that what is exprefied in 
my memorial of the 7th of January,- which 
they call remife par le Sieur Prior, was re- 
ceived from Monfieur de Torcy, and fent, 
not as conclufive, but as to be redrefled, in 
order to be agreed, or as wholly to be re- 
jected ; and even there, prohibitions, droits, 
G? impots, the two latter words could be un- 
derftood only as relative to prohibitions, and 
fignifying that all laws made in Great Britain 
for prohibiting the goods or merchandifes of 
France, Jhall be repealed, which are the words 
of the article from Utrecht, this being con- 
C c 3 fonant 


fonant to the bafis upon which our com- 
merce was to be fettled, and this explication 
anfwering to the laft words of my former 
proportion, nous tacherons cTajufter, &c. which 
I fent your Lordfhip inclofed in my letter 
from hence of the 29th December laft. 

Now again, I muft own that, in civil and 
general terms, I thought I was to make them 
as eafy as I could confent to the amiciffima 
gens, to which you fee they have given an- 
other colour and turn, having endeavoured, 
as you fee, to embroil and entangle this bu(i- 
nefs, both at Utrecht and London, while 
they let it fleep without faying one word 
of it here ; nay, not even when, or (ince, 
they received the Latin article, which, I 
thank God ! has not received an iota of al- 
teration ; but fure, if they had understood 
that I was concerting with them fo widely 
from what that article announces, they would 
have faid fo, not only to me, but to the 
Duke of Shrewfbury ; and their iilence upon 
that head is a fairer argument than any I can 
frame by troubling you longer upon it. I 
will therefore leave it, when I have con- 
fefled the expreffion is fach as is capable to 
be wrefted, if disjoined, from the whole 



tenour of the negociation; but the offering 
to wreft it, and lending it to Utrecht as a 
thing done, was by no means fair or ge- 
nerous. ^4- 

Upon another occafion, I have fomething 
of the like nature : it has been urged at Lon- 
don, that the ceiiion of Tournay was only 
made reciprocally, the Queen being obliged 
fo procure for the Elector of Bavaria the 
proprietary pofTeffion of the four places to 
which he pretended, or to get him Lim- 
burg inftead of Luxembourg ; whereas, the 
memorial with which I charged myfelf, 
when I waited on you in England, has a 
claufe in it that particularly Ipecifies her Ma- 
jefty to be under no obligation, but that of 
her own generofiry j and the matter of Lim- 
burg was not fo much as propofed to me, 
nor had I heard of it, otherwife than in the 
general plan of peace, propofed to be fepa- 
rated from the Pays-Bas and given to the 
Elector Palatine, as an equivalent for the 
Upper Palatinate. Mem. by Gaukier, in Nov. 

I have troubled you, my dear Lord, too 

long ; I mall be constantly upon my guard, 

and more fo than I have been, with thefe 

C c 4 people, 


people, being very glad that we have rimmed 
with them, as to our own affairs, and impa- 
tient to hear what her Majefty fays to her 
Parliament on that head. 

Give me leave, once more, to thank you 
for the kindnefs of your laft letter, and to 
beg the continuance of your friendmip. I 
am ever, rnoft truly, your Lordmip's, &c. 


Sir Thomas Hanmcr comes to you in 
very good humour, and very much fatisfied 
as well with what he has feen done on 
our part *, as with the civilities which 
he has received from this nation, in which, 
you know, they never fail. Your little rela- 
tion, who is as it were one of this nation, is 
very well. The Duke of Shrewfbury will 
do what he can in Monfieur Calandrini's 
bufinefs, and fo, you may reft affured, will I, 
in any thing relating to Lord Bolingbroke. 

* Swift relates, to the contrary, that he was much out of 
humour with things, full of doubts and fears, and thought the 
peace kept off too long. There was fome intention at this 
time of making him Secretary of State, in the room of Lord 



From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, February i6th, 1713. 
THE Duke of Shrewfbury doing me the 
honour to let me always affift at the writing 
his letter, faves your Lordfhip Ibme pains, 
and wholly fecures my conduct : I cannot 
however, forbear to explain to your Lordfhip, 
what his Grace, with equal juftice as gene- 
rofity, mentions in his : that Monlieur de 
Torcy avowed, that the propofition which 
was in queftion, was not only his, but a part 
of his propofition, fent, as all I did upon 
that head, not as confented to by me here, 
but to be examined by you in England, and 
upon which I defired your directions. 

Though I am confident the two laft cou- 
riers have cleared that whole point as we 
defire, and though I am abfolutely afTured, 
that your friendfhip to me will take away 
every thing that may tend to my diadvan- 
tage, yet I cannot hold my pen ftill, no more 
than your Lordmip could, upon that fubjecl ; 
and though I eat, drink, and talk like other 
mortal n\z\\fpem fimulat vu/fu premit alto 
corde dolor em \ and I fhall not be fatisfied with 
5 myfelf, 


myfelf, or the world, till I know from you 
that I am not blamed, I could write a quire 
upon the fnbjecl:; but all, I hope, is well, and 
I long for the Queen's fpeech to tell us fo. 

I am glad from my heart, that there is 
an equivalent propofed, which I hope may 
iatisfy the Duke of Savoy, becaufe, I know 
you have been a good deal folicited upon that 
point. We are this moment writing upon 
that fubjeft to Utrecht. 

I have writ fome time fmce to you con- 
cerning entries, affiftance at the renuncia- 
tions, coach and equipage, in all which I 
rely upon that inviolable friendfhip on my 
fide, with which you honour your's, ever, 


To-morrow is the Queen's birth-day, the 
Duke of Shrewfbury's goods are not come, 
fo we can have no ball, but for eating and 
drinking, very much. 



From the Duke of Shrewsbury *. 

Paris, Monday, February I3th, 1713. N.S. 
I HERE inclofed fend you the examina- 
tions of the Azzurinis, father and foivf, as 

I -received 

* Indorfed private ; received 2oth, by Sir Thomas Hanmer, 

j- Thcfe two men appear to have been of that numerous 
tribe of daring adventurers, with which moft countries in 
time of war abound. Under the mild government of Great 
Britain they were not fo liable to an early detection ; but 
in France, where, in general, every man's actions were know* 
to the officers of the police, their fitua:ion was more danger- 
ous, and their career very fhort. The following are the ac- 
counts tranfmitted by the Duke of Shrewfoury ; the firft relates 
to the fon who was in the Baftille, the other to the t father, who 
was in prifon at Longon : 

" Extrait des Interrogatcires du Chevalier Azzurhii, 
" Auflitot que le Chevalier Azzurini cut etc conduit a la 
Baflille, Moniieur le Marquis de Torcy inftruifit Monfieur 
Dargenfon par un memoire particulier, qui n'ctoit que pour ' 
lui, de tout ce qui avoit rapport a ce prifonnier, de fa conduik 
dans fon voyage en Holiande, de ce qu'il avoit avanc; aux 
Miniftres des ennemis, & des promefles qu'il leur avoit faites, 
afin qu'il put 1'interroger fur tons les points de ce mc-noire. 

" Le premier interrogatoire qu'il a fubi, eft du 7n,e bep- 
tembre, 1712. 11 lui a rendu compte hiftoriquemem dc fa 
iiaiflance, de fon education, de quelqucs voyages qu'il avoit 
fcaits en Italic, & de celui q^u'il fit a Paris, ou ii ftjournat un 
an. II parcit qu'il en partit an 1708, pour rctourncr en fon 

" II fuppofe que fon pOre ait re9U, peu de terns apres, dcs 
inftruftions pourpafl"cr en Angleterre, pour le. affaires du Roi, 
& il marque qu'il partit avec lui pours'y rendre; que fon JXIL 
y ctanc arrive, avoit donne huit ou dix livres au fecrctaire 
Efpagnol du Comte Gallas, pour tirer de lui des fccrets dc 
Ion maitre, pour les envoy er a Moniieur le Marquis de Torcy; 
qu'il avoit auffi fait de grands prcfens a Monfieur de Nettt-r- 


I received them from Monfieur de Torcy, 
Your Lordmip will obferve they are fo fhort 


ville, qu'il dit efre le confident de Monfieur le Comte d'Ox- 
ford, au Chevalier Penn, & au Sieur Plonket ; mais qu'il ne 
favoit pas en quoi confiftoit ces prefens : que Monfieur de 
Netterville inftruifoit fon pere de tout, le connoiflant pour erre 
charge d'ordres du Roi; que le Chevalier Giraldi (t) qu'on 
leur avoit dit etre partifan de France, leur en avoit paru tres 
fcloigne: qu'ils avoient decouvert par le fecretaire du Comte 
Gallas, qu'il etoit penfionnaire de 1'Archiduc, & qu'il etoit 
attache aux Whigs; que Monfieur Grimani avoit le cceur 
Francois; que pour brouiller le Chevalier Giraldi avec le 
Comte Galias, ils avoient infinue au "dernier, par le Sieur 
Primoli, fon premier fecretaire, qu'il trahuToit fon parti, que 
le Chevalier Azzurini, pere, faifToit de faufles confidences au 
Comte Gallas pour le brouiller avec le gouvernement d'Ang- 

'* Le Chevalier Azzurini dit que jufqu'alors il s'etoit in- 
finue chez Madame la Duchefle de Shrewlbury, Mademoi- 
felle Mallofte, Miladi Waldeorave, Madame la DuchefTe de 
Buckingham, Miiadi Butler, Miladi Hogletorit, & chez plu- 
fieurs autres dames de qualite, pour rapporter a fon pere ce 
qu'on y difoit ; qu'il avoit de grandes efperances d'epoufer 
nne fille de my Lord Suflex ; qu'il avoit attendu une occalion 
favorable de pafler en Angleterre, pour faire cette alliance, Sf 
qu'il en voyoit les efperances perdues par fa prifon: qu'il sut 
par le Sieur Primoli qu'un faux Thoris, qui demeure dans le 
Pare de St. James, & dont la maifon eft environnee d'une 
grille, avoit dit au Comte Gallas, que fon pere & lui etoient 
envoyes par la cour de France, & que ce Comte s'en etoit ex- 
plique avec my Lord d'Oxford ; que le Comte Gallas lui ayant 
propofe de lui reveler les fecrets de fon pere, il feignit d'y con- 
fentir, lui remit un chiffre Italien qu'il avoit encore, mais que 
fon defTein etoit oe ne dire que ce qui conviendroit aux interets 
du Roi ; qu'apres un fejour de neuf mois en Angleterre ils 
avoient etc obliges d'en fortir par ordre de la cour, & qu'etant 
repaffe en France, ils y avoient fejourne, jufqu'a ce que fon 
pere partant pour 1'Italie, il fe rendit de fon core en Hoiiande, 
& qu'ils rec,urent a Paris environ pour 6oools. de lettres de 
change d'ltalie ; que le Comte Gallas lui fit prefent au mois 

(i) Envoy from Tufcany. 



of thoie informations which were fent from 
Holland, that I think it were to be wifhed 


de ;bre, 1711, pendant qu'il eto:t encore a Londres, d'une 
bague qu'il vendit feu de jours aprts pour 340013." 

" DeuxCsme Interngatolre^ du 2Otm Septembre^ 1712* 
" Le Sienr Azzurini, dit dans fon fecond interrogatoire, 
que fon pere & lui ne rec,urent a Paris que i4ools. en lettres 
de changes venues d'ltalie, & qu'il avoit re<ju en fon par- 
ticulier 3400!$. provenant du prix de fa bague qu'il avoit 
laiflee eii Angleterre; & que fon pere avoit vendu a Paris ce 
qui iui refle de fa vaiflelle d'argent, & de quelques pierreries 
qu'il avoit vendues a Londres, & dont il avoit tire 1500 gui- 
nces. II a repondu aux queftions qui lui ont etc faites fur fon 
voyage d'Hollande, fur la conduite qu'il a tenue, qu'etant fu- 
jet d'un Prince neutre, il avoit cru etre libre ; que Monfieur 
le Marquis de Torcy lui ayant dit de fe mettre en etat d'aller 
A Utrecht, pour y faire connoitre le Sieur Plonket, il avoit 
enfuite change de deflein, & qu'il avoit etc fi chagrin de ce 
qu'on ne vouloit pas 1'employer, & qu'on lui prefera 1'Abbe 
Gaultier, qu'il fe propofa de chercher fortune; qu'il fe rendit 
a Utrecht a deflein de pafler enfuite en Angleterre, comme il 
1'avoit ccrit aux my Lords d'Oxford, de Buckingham, de Bo- 
lingbroke, & au Chevalier Penn ; qu'a fon arrivee a Utrecht 
il n'avoit vu que Monfieur Mefnager, qui le re9ut froidement, 
& qu'ayant ete voir le Sieur Primoii, connu pour un Emiflaire 
de 1'Archiduc, il lui propofa de fervir ce Prince, & de quitter 
le fervice du Roi, dont il paroiflbit mecontent ; qu'il lui'promit 
de grands avantages, entre autres un caractere, & des pcnfions 
fur le Mantouan, lui reprefentant que ce Prince, maitre comme 
il 1'etoit de 1'Italie, pouvoit faire benucoup de bien ou de 
mal a fa famille ; que meme il pounoit lui donner quelques a 
Naples ou a Milan ; qu'il confentit a allcr avec lui a la Haye, 
& que le Sieur Primoii I'introduifit auprcs du Comte Sinzen- 
dorf, qui le rec,ut favorablement, & lui rendit fa vifite ; qu'il 
dina ce jour-la chez ce Miniftre, & que le Penfionnaire Htin- 
iius y etant venu, ils eurent tous trois une conference, & que 
le Comte lui ayant repete ce que Monfieur Primoii lui avoit 
dit, des avantages qu'il pouvoit trouver dans le fervice de 
1'Archiduc, & de ce qu'il y avoit a craindre dans le parti op- 
pofe, le Penfionnaire Heinfius lui fit aufii les m6mes repre- 
fentations ; qu'il ne r^pondit rien de pofitif k ces propofitions, 


either copies of thofe papers, or at leaft an 
extract of fome of the principal heads, might 


& qu'il demanda que fon pere n'en cut point de connoif- 
fance, parce qu'il etoit attache a la France ; qu'il demeur cinq 
on fix jours encore a la Haye, fans conferer adavantage avec 
ces Miniftres ; qu'il revint a Utrecht, ou il vit tous les Mi- 
niftres Strangers, excepte ceux du Roi, & qu'etant retourne 
a la Haye, il eut une feconde conference avec les memes per- 
fonnes ; que Ton repeta ce qui avoit etc dit dans la premiere; 

3u'il demeura a la Haye huit ou dix jovrs, & que manquant 
'argent, le Sieur Primoli lui preta 150 florins, & le Sieur de 
la Martiniere, Francois refugie, 23 louis-d'ors ; qu'e'ant re- 
tourne a Utrecht, il vit Monfieur Mefnager, qui le re$ut 
favorablement, & qui le prefenta a Monlienr le Marquis 
d'Huxelles, & a Monfieur 1'Abbe de P Oignac, qui le rirent 
manger a leur table, & lui propoferent d'alier fervir le Roi en 
.Angleterre. ce qu'il accepta ; qu'il confenti: de venir recevoir 
fes inftruftions a la Cour, & qu'iis lui donnerent 21 piftoles 
pour I'aider a faire fon voyage." 

M Troijicme Interrcgatoire, du zime Septefnlre^ 1712. 
" II rend compte de fon voyage, & il affure qu'il n'avoit 
point re9U de lettres depuis fon arrivee a Paris; qu'il n'avoit 
point donne d'avis de fon depart au Comte Sinzendorf, au 
Penfionnaire Heinfius, ni au Sieur Primoli ; que meme pour 
faire voir au Comte de Sinzendorf qu'il n'avoit pas befoin 
d'argent, il lui montra plufieurs faufles lettres de change ; 
qu'il avoit ecrit d'Utrecht au Comte Gallas, & qu'il avoit des 
relations intimes avec deux Secretaires de Monfieur le Marquis 
de Torcy, qui lui reveloient le fecret de la France, & qu'il 
feroit en etatdel'en inftruire; qu'il n'avoit eu en vue par cette 
fuppoiition que de tromper ce Miniftre, & de fe rendre plus 
recommandable, ces intelligences etant abfolument imaginaires ; 
qu'il n'avoit pas parle fur cela a Monfieur Sinzendorf, ni a 
Monfieur le Penfionnaire ; que le Comte Gallas lui avoit re"- 
pondu en termes generaux ; qu'il ne s'etoit point explique 
avec lui fur la recompenfe qu'il pouvoit aitendre, mais qu'e- 
tant encore en Angleterre, il lui promit une Baronie dans le 
Mantouan, qu'il croit etre celle de St. Archange, confifque 
f^r (i) de Bague ; qu'il informal le Comte Gallas du d-eflein 

(i) Two words illegible. 



be fent hither, upon which they would exa- 
mine him more properly upon thofe points, 


qu'on avoit de 1'envoyer de Paris a Utrecht, & du change- 
ment arrive a cct egard. II s'eft trouve dans fes hardes plu- 
iieurs paquets etiqueres, prife de la poudre du CorrUe de Pal- 
ma, & il a dit que cette poudre 6toit purgative ; il y avoit 
aulli quelques autres poudres dont on n'avoit pas encore fait 
Peflai, entr*autres de la poudre de la fympathie. II a aflure 
qu'il n'avoit donn6 aucun memoire au Comte Sinzendorf, ni 
au Miniflre d'Hollande, qu'il avoit feulement 6crit d'Utrecht 
au Premier pour le remercier des affurances de fon eftime, & 
pour/iui marquer qu'il feroit content de lui, s'il 1'engageoit 
au fervice de 1'Archiduc ; qu'il avoit refifte aux inftances que 
le Comte de Gallas lui avoit faitea pour le faire declarer pub- 
liquemtnt en Italic & a Rome pour 1'Archiduc ; qu'il n'avoit 
parle qu'en general au Comte Sinzendorf, au Penfionnaire fur 
1'etat des affaires du Roi, leur difant qu'elles fe ruinoicnt par 
la defumo.i entre les Miniftres de fa Majefte, & qu'en cela il 
avoit en vne ion interct perfonnel ; que les deux conferences 
qu'il avoit cues avec eux, n'avoient dure qu'un quart d'heure 
chacune. Enfin que le chagrin de n'etre pas employe, & de 
ne recevoir ni recompenfe ni penfion, quoique fon pere lui 
eut tranfporte le droit de toutes les recompenfes qu'il croyoit 
avoir meritces, 1'avoit determine a la demarche qu'il avoit 
fkite ; que dans le terns de ces deux conferences, il ne favoit 
pas qu'on dut lui propofer de retourner en Angleterre pour le 
fervice du Roi, & qu'il n'en a rien confic a ces Miniftres de- 
puis les ouvertures qui lui ont etc faites par les Plenipoten- 
tiaires de fa Majefte." 

'* Extrait de ce qui a lie ecrit par rapport au Sieur Azzuriii: ijf Jet 
lettres qu'il a tcrites de fa P.- fin. 

'' Fevrier ^me, 1713* 

" LE Comte Azzurini partit de Paris au moisde Mai, 171*, 
pour retourner en Italie, & apres avoir paflc quelque terns a 
Faenfe, fa patrie, il fe rendit \ Rome, au mois d'Aout de la 
nieme annce. Comme il n'avoit aucune affaire en cette ville, 
& que fa d:':penfe y devoit exceder certainement fes revenus, 
on fut furpris qu'H parut s'y arr^ter pour long-terns, & 1'on 
en conc.ut des alors du foup^on. La train fon de fon fils fut 
fu a Rome au commencement de Septembre, & cette nouvelle 
rendant le pere entitlement fufpecl, on ex;imina avec foin fa 
conduite; on fut qu'il fe plaignoit vivement u fes amis, de ce 



than they have yet done, and particularly to 
any thing that fhould be fuggefted to them. 


que fes fervices n'avoient pas ete aflez recompenfes en France, 
& qu'il tenoit des difcours qui pouvoient faire croire qu'il 
avoit pris quelques engagemens fecrets avec les ennemis du 
Roi, & 1'on refolut de s'aflurer de fa perfonne, tant pour 6clair- 
cir des foupc,ons aulli bien fondes, que pour decouvrir plus 
facilement par fon moyen les intrigues de fon fils, dont il etoit 
vraifemblablement accomplice. 

*' On lui propofa de fe rendre a Longon, pour vifiter cette 
place, & pour rendre comptede 1'etat ou elle fe trouvoit, mais 
il pnrtit fe defier de 1'intention des miniftres, en qui il devoit 
avoir une confian'ce aveugle, fi fa confcience ne lui eat rien 
reproche, &: il n'accepta pas d'abord cette commiffion. II 
partit de Rome au mois d'Oftobre, & il paroit par une lettre 
qu'il a ecrite de fa prifon a un nomme Albahefe, fon ami in- 
time, qu'ils avoient concerte enfemble, s'il iroit ou non a Lon- 
gon, & quoiqu'il fe fut enfin determine a s'y rendre, ii craig- 
noit toujours d'y etre arrete. 

" Lorfque 1'on eut appris a Rome que fa perfonne 6toit en 
furetc, on s'addrefla au Pape pour fe faifir auffi de fes papiers ; 
fa Saintete donna fes ordres pour cet effet ; mais foit qu'Az- 
zurini les eut detournes avant que de fortir de Rome, foit que 
fes amis avertis des intentions du Pape, euflent prevenu les 
officiers de fa Saintete, en enlevant tout ce qui pouvoit etre de 
confequence, on ne trouva que des iettres peu importantes. 
On a fu depuis par une voie sure que le nornme Albanefe avoit 
dit, que If s papiers d 1 Azzurini eroinit-deja cbez le Marquis de Pr:e 9 
lorfquon a <voulu s'en Jaijir t quil a-vozt ete avert i par un parti" 
cutter des crdres que le Pape a~uoit donnes^ & qu'ils rfetoient pas 
affez itnprudtns pourfe laifler ainfc fw prendre . On a retenu toutes 
les Iettres qu'il a ecrites de fe prifon a pluiieurs de fes amis. 
On y voit par tout un efprit inquiet au defefp'oir de s'etrc laifle 
prendre, & perfuadC- qu'il ne recouvreroit pas fa liberte, s'il 
n'employoit des voies extraordinaires, comme de corrompre 
ceux qui le gardoient, ou d'engager le Pape a le redemander 
comme fon fujet. II eft vrai qu'il marque a fon fils, dont il 
ignoroit la prifon, & a plufieurs de fes amis, d'agir aupres des 
Miniftres de France & d'Efpagne pour obtenir fa libcrte, mais 
il paroit fe mefier de la bontc de fa caufe, & compter peu 
fur leurs reprefentations, & il croit qu'ils feront mieux de 
s'adrefler au Pape fon Souverain, ou de tacher de le fauver par 
adrefle. II ne refpire que vengeance, auflitot qu'il fera en 



Having difcourfed with Moniieur de Tor- 
cy, upon all the heads mentioned in your 
letter of the 2oth, which relate to the inte- 
refts of the feveral allies, he has promifed to 

Hberte, & 51 recommande a fon fils de profiter de fon malheur 
& de ne fe plus fier a pcrfonne. 

" II a cm avoir g?ujn6 un valet-de-chambre du Gouverneur 
de Longon, & il lui a confie des lettres, croyant qu'elles fe- 
roient tenues plus certainement par fon moyen. 11 y en a deux 
qui paroiflent marquer 6videmment fes relations avdc les enne- 
mis. Elles font adreflees au Comte PofyJcr, fous une enveloppe 
pour une peribnne qui devoir les lui faire tenir. Azzurini 
lui marque que s'il n'avoit pas etc arrete a Longon, il 1'auroit 
cte voir en retournant a Faenze, pour lui offrir fes fervices 
en faveur du Seigneur Alexandre. II le prie d'ordonner aux 
confuls qui font fous fes ordres a Livourne & a Porto Feraio, 
de s'entenclre pour envoyer a Longon une barque avec de 
hons rameurs, efperant que le valet-de-chambre la feroit ap- 
procher de 1'emlroit ou il etoit, & qu'ils fe fauveroient enfem- 
ble. II paroit ne point douter que le Compte Polidor ne s'in- 
t6refle a fon eVafion. II tui marque n6an moins que lorf- 
qu'il fera auprts de lui, il lui montrera que fa delivrance ne 
fera pas inutile, ayant de quoi payer ce fervice important, & 
il le fupplie de faire donner une compagnie de cavalerie, au 
valet-de-chambre, qui lui paroiflbit fouhaiter d'etre au fervice 
du Seigneur Aiexandre. II figne au bas de ces lettres Don 
Diego c!e Viliamajor, au lieu d' Azzurini; il eft clair que le nom 
du S;i<rneur Alexandre^ ne pent defigner autre chofe que 
1'Archiduc, &: celui de Comte Polidor ne peut s'attribuer qu'i 
un de fes mini fires, qui puilTe faire donner une compagnie de 
cavalerie, & qui puifle commander aux confuls Allemands en 
Italic, & ce qui confinne cette conjefture, c'eft qu'Azzurini dit 
au valet-de-chambre en lui remettant les deux lettres, qu'elles 
eioient addrefitts a celui qui tcnoit la premiere main en Italit & it 
qui ce <valet-de-cba.mbre pouvoit fcubaiter qu'il s'adtirejf&i, lui te- 
nant ce difcours parce qu'il le croyoit partifan cach6 de 
1'Arcliiduc. Ainfi 1'on a lieu de croire que celui a qui Az- 
zurini s'addreffe fous le nom du Comte PoliJor, uepeut ^tre que 
le Mnrquis de Prie, ou le Due d'U9eda. II a connu particu- 
lierement c?. dernier, lorfqu'il etoit attache a Monficur le Car- 
dinal de Janfon, & il a pu fe faire connoitre de Tautre par le 
moyen du nomine Albanefe." 

VOL. III. D d' tell 


tell me, on Wednefday, the utmoft that cart 
be done to accommodate thofe differences 3 
fo that, as yet, it is to no purpofe to trouble 
you with a letter in form upon the fubjecl. 
I am forry to acquaint you that I find fo 
little inclination in this Court to yield the 
Duke of Savoy the villages he demands, that 
whenever 1 have mentioned it, they will 
hardly, bear the difcourfe. At laft, 1 thought 
better to try the exchange your Lordfhip 
gave me power to offer, and even that is re- 
ceived in fuch a manner, that though I have 
writ and ipoke all I can urge upon it, I have 
little hope of its being accepted; however, 
as yet, I have not a final anfwer. 

I muft not omit to acknowlege your 
Lordfhip's of the 226. January, O.S. and I 
hope the firft votes of both Houfes will be of 
fuch a nature, as to put you in better hu- 
mour. I am this minute g-oino- to Verfailles, 

o o 

to flay there till Wednefday, when the King 
removes to Marli. I am, my Lord, &c. 


I juffc now hear the fad accident happened 
to the Duke d'Aumont, I write to him to 
offer him my houfe, till he can provide him- 
ielf better. 



From the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Paris, February I3th, 1713, N.S. 

BY the courier going for Spain, I have 
received feveral packets from your Lordfliip, 
but being ready to take coach for Verfailles, 
I have not time to enter into all the particu- 
lars. The chief is anfwered, I hope, by this 
Court's having agreed to the article of com- 
merce, as you fent it over. 

As to the fire at the Duke d'Aumont's 
houfe, I confefs, I cannot fufpedr, it to be 
done by malice, but rather by chance, and 
mall endeavour to reprefent it fo here, not 
only as moft creditable to our nation, but as, 
in my opinion, moll profitable. 

Mr. Prior has had a petition relating to 
the Eaft India Company's mip, the fame you 
have fent : if it were taken within the time 
of the fufpenfion, our claim is juft ; if not, 
as I doubt our cafe will prove, we can pre- 
tend no right, and the beft turn we can give, 
is to aik to buy it at a reafonable price, for 
which we have the precedent of Sir Thomas 
Hardy's prize *. 

* AFrench Eaft-Indiaman, the Griffin; the price 35,000). 

D d 2 When 



When I complained I had heard nothing, 
I was very far from expecting it from you, 
whofe exa&nefs deferves no reproach from, 
My Lord, your Lordfhip's, &c. 


From the Duke of Shrewjbury. 

Paris, February 1 6th, 1713, N.S.. 

BY the return of the gentleman who 
brought to this Court an account of the Duke 
d'Aumont's houfe being burnt, I fend you 
this letter to inform you, that I have takea 
all occafions to reprefent it as the effecT: of 
a mere accident, rather than of any previous 
malice ; and I think the greateft, as well as 
the moft considerable part of the people here, 
are inclined to believe it fuch: the friends of 
the family may be excufed, if they endeavour 
to have it imputed to malice, the. better to 
juflify their aiking the King to repair the 

la my lafl I told you, I much doubted, if,., 

in the Duke of Savoy's behalf, I fhould be 

able to gain the exchange propoied : this 

4 Court. 


'Court continues fo utterly averfe to it, that 
I find the alternative cannot be obtained : 
but upon my infilling that the tops of the 
Alps ought to be the common boundary be- 
tween France and Piemont, they have fo fat 
confented to the argument, as to offer to give 
the Duke of Savoy the extent of territory 
marked yellow in the map which "you fent 
me, tipon condition his Royal Highnefs will 
yield to them la ValUe de Barcelonette, avec 
les douxe communautes dont elle eft compofee, 
alledging, they have equal or ftronger reafons 
to defire the concefTion, for the fecuring theif 
barrier, than the Duke of Savoy can pretend 
for the territory which he afks, and of this 
I have fent an account to Utrecht. 

I was very glad to find there was no oc- 
cafion of my mentioning to Monfieur de 
Torcy, the affair of the fix French mips 
tlefigned for the South Sea : he himfelf be* 
gan to tell me, that the King was convinced 
that the arguments you had ufed to the 
Marquis de Monteleon, were fo juft, that he 
had already given orders for recalling of 
them ; being, as Monfieur de Torcy ex- 
pitied it, refolved never to give the leaft 
fufpicion of his intending, to his fubjecls, 
D d 3 any 


any advantage, that could not be j unified by 
the treaties he makes with her Majefty. J 
muft <Jo them juftice in this proceeding, and 
wifh they dealt as fairly with Mr. Prior $ 
but I conclude all that matter is over. How- 
ever, I am obliged to tell you that, in my 
hearing, Monfieur de Torcy acknowledged 
it was his proportion which they produce, 
and he will fay io to your Lordmip, or to 
any body elfe, if required. 

The petition of the Baft India Company 
doth not fpecify the time of the fhip's being 
taken, which will give the greater! difference 
imaginable to the manner of reclaiming it, 
Mr. Arbuthnot* is here, and will iblicit the 
bufinefs, in which he mall have my beft 
affiftance. Mr. Prior, upon the like petition 
tranfmitted to him by the Earl of Dart" 
mouth, and a letter from Mr. Welden, pro- 
prietor of the (hip, has obtained of Monfieur 
de Pontchartrain orders, that that gentleman 
be well treated, and that the goods mall be 
fecured in the King's magazines, till judg- 
ment be given in the caufe, and of this he has 
wrote to Lord Dartmouth, I am, &c. 


* Brother to Dr. Arbuthnot, the Queen's Phyfician. 



From the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Paris, February the 22 d, 1713, N.S. 

I AM very glad to find by your letter of 
the 4th, that her Majefty is fatisfied with the 
article of commerce, and the explanatory pa- 
per which I gave to the French Minifters 
upon it ; and that her Majefty judges, that all 
the material .differences between her and 
France, are now adjufted. 

I received letters from the Lords at Utrecht, 
bearing almoft the fame date with that which 
you fent to me, inclofed in yours, and much 
in the fame complaining flyle ; upon which 
having ipoke to Monfieur de Torcy, he told 
me, that he had already writ to their Pleni- 
potentiaries in fuch a manner, as that he had 
reafon to believe the next letters would mow 
that their differences were nearer to an accom- 
modation ; and accordingly by thefc, fince re- 
ceived, I found they were fo ; their laft to me 
is of the i yth inftant, in which they fay, that 
the only difficulty in the treaty of commerce 
}s concerning the addition propofed by Mon- 
fieur Mefnager of the words nee fuerint, 
D d 4 as 


as in the inclofed paper *; upon which Mon- 
fieur de Torcy having fpoke to the King, he 
has told me in a conference I had with him 
this evening, that it fhall be adjufled at 
Utrecht as we delire to have it. 

In the treaty of peace, they faid, there flill 
remained two difficulties ; one is about the 
immoveable eitates to be difpofed of in the 
places which France is to yield up or reftore ; 
which we thought was adjufled by the paper 
fent by Mr. Prior, January I9th, and which 
you have likewife herein inclofed -j- : it cer- 

* The Fifth Article of Commerce, nee fuerint, runs thus : 
" Subditis utriufque Regiae Majeftatis, libertas fit & potefhs, 
cum fuis navibus, ut & mercibus rebufque iifdem impofiti?, 
quorum commercium aut afportatio legibus utriufque regni 
prohibita non funt (here the French Minifters would add, nee 
fuerint) ad utriufque partis terras, &c. appellere." 

The reafon they alledge is, that they find a like expreffion 
in their treaties with the Dutch, made at Nimeguen and Ryf- 
wick, and have a general order to keep as near as they can to 
thofe treaties. 

{ fa/metre concert? a<vec Monjteur de Torcy ^ h I gme Janvier, 

" Les habitans dans h Baye de Hudfon, fujets de fa Majefte 
la Reine de la Grande Breta^ne, qui ton etc depoflcdes de leurs 
terres par ceux de la France, en terns de paix, ftront entit-re 
ment & iminediatement apres la ratification ''e ce traite, relti- 
tues & remis dans la poflefiion de leurs dites terres ; & tels pro- 
prietaires auront auffi une falisfaftion jufte & raiionnable fur 
toutes leurs pertes qu'ils out fouifertes, a regard de leur biens, 
meubles, & effets, lefquelles pertes feront rcglces par le juge- 
mcnt des Commiflaires qui doivent ctre ncmmcs a cefre fin, & 
obliges par ferment de faire rendre jufHce aux intercflcs. 



talnly is fo as to Hudfon's Bay in particular: 
Moniieur de Torcy fays, that as far as he 
knows, the whole affair ftands at Utrecht in 
the manner as this inclofed paper * fpecifies : 
we are not fufficiently apprifed here what 
effect it will have as to St. Chriftopher's, but 

* u Mefiieurs les P16nipotentiaires de la Grande Bretagne 
avoient jufqu'a prefent diftingue les lieux cedes par leRoi a la 
Reinedela Grande Bretagne, les & lieux qu'ils appelloient 
reftitues. Softs le nom de lieux reftitues i's comprenoient la 
Baye & le Detroit d'Hudfon, & 1'ile de Terreneuve. ils con- 
fentoient a laifier aux Francois ctablis dans les lieux code's, la 
faculte de vendre leurs biens immeubles. Mais iis prctendoient 
que cette meme liberte ne devoit pas leur etre permife dans les 
lieux reftitues, fnppofant que ces immeubles avoient etc en- 
levcs aux Anglois, & qu'ils devoient y rentrerde plein droit. 
Aujourd'hui ivJeffieurs les Plenipotentiaires de la Grande Bre- 
tagne ne font plus de diftinftion des lieux cedes & des lieux 
reitituts, quoique la meme exprefiion derreure dans 1'articlc 
14. Ils laiflent feulement aux lujets du Roi la faculte de fortir 
egalement des un & des autrei, fi bon leur femble, Jans 1'ef- 
pace d'un an, avec tous leurs biens & meubles. Suivant les 
conditions dont on eft demeure d'accord, il doit etre ftipule que 
les Francois etablis dans 1'Acadie, ou dans Tile de St. Ciirif- 
tophe, auront la faculte d'en fortir, de -vendre^ ou d'emporter 
ailleurs, tous leurs biens meubles, fi bon leur fembie, & de 
vendre ieurs biens immeubks. Qu'a 1'epard des lieux qui fe- 
font rtftitucs a la Baye &c au Detroit d'Hudfon, les Angloif 
rentreront en jouiflance des ii-^mer.bies dent iis aviront 6te d6- 
poifedts, pcurvu qu'ils juftifient devant les Comnnflaireb par 
des prcuves valables, que ces biens auront effecfHvement ap- 
partemi a Ictus ncrci, mi a eux-mcmes. 

"Quant a 1'i.ede Terreneuve, on eft cle:neur6 d'accord, que 
lesFran9ois doivcnt nvoir la faculte de vendre les maifons qu'il* 
auront a Plaifaiice, & les terres de frichees autour, parce que 
k Viile de Plaiiance etoit batie par eux, jamais ces biens a'ont 
etc pofTcdts par les Anglois. 

" Le terme qni icra donnt': aux Francois pour vendre leurj 
efttt-., doit ctre tie dix-liuit mois, car autrement ils atiroient 
peine a difpofer lie ce qui leur appartient dan un terns aufS 
court que celui d'un an." 



will not quefKon but that you give plain di- 
regions on this head at Utrecht, both as to the 
difpofal of goods moveable and immoveable, 
and the time in which it may be done. 

The other difficulty is the difpute concern- 
ing the thirty leagues from Acadie, as the 
diflance within which the French are not to 
iim ; our Plenipotentiaries fay that they, (the 
French) are content not to fijh at all upon the 
coaft ; but are ordered hot to admit that precife 
determination our claim upon this head was 
founded upon the afTertion, that when Acadie 
was in the French hands, we were liable to 
the fame reftridtion. Your Lordfhip, by look- 
ing upon the proportion * and the extracl: of 

* Refit dt Mon/iew de Torcy, & renvrye au my Lwd Bolin 
zqth Decembrc, 1712, N.S. 

*' P.ropojition c oncer tee ai-ec le Sieur Prior. 

'* Qtie 1'ile de Cap-Breton demeurera au Roi, avec la liberte 
d'y faire fortifier. Qye la province de I' Acadie, avec tous les 
droits & prerogative*, dont It-s Francois out joui, fera cedce 
par fa Majefte a la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, avec 1'ite 
4e Terreneuve, & les iles adjacentes a cette ile, bien entendu, 
que les Fran9ois auront & conferveront la faculte de pecher, 
& de fecher ieur pcche fur les cotes de la dite ile de Terre- 
neuve depuis le Cap de Bonavifta en remontant par le Nord 
jufqu'a la Pointe Riche. Que toutes les lies fituees a 1'entrce 
de la riviere, & dans la Goife de St. Laurent, appartiendron* 
au Roi." 

Add to this, 

The lile de Sable is likewife yielded to her Majefty, and 
makes the boundary on the lide of Acadie towards the eaft. 



Mr. Prior's letter of the 8th of January*, 
will find, that we thought the matter already 
accommodated ; Moniieur de Torcy alledges 
upon this, that their promile not to fifli upon 
the Bank, anfwers all that can be required, 
and the naming a determinate diftance, fo far 
from the fhore, can only ferve to create new 
difputes. Monfleur de Torcy acquaints me, 
that the Council here, upon the perufal of the 
treaty, have obferved that the title of Elec- 
trefs cannot be given to the Princefs Sophia, 
in a treaty fo folemnly made, till France has 
actually owned the Houfe of Hanover to be 
electoral ; they propofe to leave out the word 
ekttricem y letting the reft ftand as it doth. 
Your Lordmip will believe I ufed the beft 
arguments I could to have it pafTed, and that 
this King, on the other fide, iniifts upon the 
unreafonablenefs of his "acknowledging a title 

* Extraft of a letter from Mr. Prior to my Lord Eolingbro\e, dated 

the %tb '"January, 1713. 

" The demand that our Plenipotentiaries make, that the 
French fliali not rifh within thirty leagues of the fouth-end of 
Acadie, i. e. upon the Long Bank, which runs from weft to caft 
before the country, was founded upon this aflertion that, while 
Acadie was in the French hands we were obliged to the like 
reftriftion, and confequently the words in the propofal lately 
fent, ' Que la province de 1'Acadie, avec tons les droits &c 
prerogatives dont les Francois ont joui, fera ccdee par la Ma- 
jeuV u la Reine de la Grande Bretagne,' admits our claim, and 
finifhes the difpute, as Monfieur de Torcy obfcrves in the in- 
clofed Memorial." 



in that houfe, which is actually in war with 
him, and treats the Elector of Bavaria and 
Cologne, as people under the ban of the em- 
pire, and even King Philip, as Duke of An- 
jou : you will alfo obferve, that in cafe the 
Emperor makes his peace before the ratifica- 
tion of ours, the omiffion will be fupplied 
in the engroffed inftrument. 

Two other objections have been made by 
the King himfelf, as overfeen by his Plenipo- 
tentiaries, both relating to religion : one is, 
that in the places either yielded or reftored 
to us, any inhabitant, being a Papift, who 
ihall choofe to continue her Majefty's fubjecl:, 
may have the free ufe of his religion ; the 
other is the latter part of the fifth article of 
commerce, which I here inclofe *, with my 


* Latter part of the ffiJj article of Commerce. 

t The firft paragraph is *' In re autem rcligionis in- 
agreed to. tegia fubditis titriufque fa- 
deraterum, ut & fi matrimo- 
nium contraxerint, eorum ux- 
oribus, ac liberis conftabit li- 
bertas, neque in ecclefiis ant 
alibi facris intereflV, cogendi 

* f The fecond I was willing " Ipfis autem e contrario, 
to fend over for your farther Rem divinam fuomoreetiamfi 
confidera ion; for that, befides legibus vetito, privatim, & in- 
the exception which the King ter proprios pariete=, & abfque 
makes to it here, I doubt it aliorum quorumcunque intcr^ 
is venti; 


obfervations thereupon, and fhall conform my- 
felf as your anfwer may direct. 

From what relates immediately to our own 
affairs, we proceeded to thofe of our allies ; 
Monfieur de Torcy takes it for granted, that 
when the King yielded Tournay, there was 
no exception allowed as to St. Amand and 
Mortagne; and that my Lord Strafford has 
faid at Utrecht, that he has orders not to infift 
on account of thofe places ; and as to the de- 
pendencies of Ipres, what they offered in the 
prefent plan of peace was, Ipres Gf fa Chat el- 
/?/>, which cannot be conftrued to mean thofe 
diftri&s, which the Dutch afk, and which 
were mentioned by name, when once offered 
by the French in the preliminaries of 1709. 
I am, my Lord, &c. 


P.S. By my Lord Lexington's letter I was 

is contrary to our afts of Par- ventu facere, omnino & abf- 

liament in England, and would que ulla moleftia licebit. 
in effecft tolerate a mafs in 
every Frenchman's family. 

*' The third they admit, in- *' Facultas porro defunftos- 
ferting the words in quacunque utriufque partis in altcriusde- 
occafeone, or fuch other words tionibus fubditos, locis com- 
as may prevent its being modis & honeftis, ad id defig- 
thought that a public burial- nandis, fepeliendi deneganda 
place fliould be fet afide for non erit, neque fepultorum 
every nation." cadavera ullft moleftia affici 
enda erunt." 



very fbrry to find the difficulty the King of 
Spain makes in regard to the Catalans ; Mon- 
fieur de Torcy promifes, that this Court mall 
write to foften that of Spain as much as can 
be on that fubject. 

From the Duke of Shrew/bury^. 

Paris, February 22d, 1712, N.S. 

I HAVE not failed to do what your Lord- 
mip recommended me in cypher, in your laft 
private letter of the 4th; I find they have no 
great opinion of the man, neverthelefs your 
caution was not unnecefTary, and will do good. 

I confefs myfelf at a lofs to guefs what 
her Majefty will fay at the opening of this 
feflion, when we have neither peace nor war; 
when though it were mofl defirable to fign 
together with all the allies, yet it is certain 
that it is impoflible to be done of fome 
months, if we flay for the Emperor and the 
empire ; and if I do not miftake, the French 
fee well enough our circumflances t to be con- 
vinced, the longer we remain in thefe uncer- 

* Private. 

tain ties, 


tainties, the lefs able we fhall be to ftand upon 
terms either for ourfelves or our allies. 

The Minifters here pretend to certain intel- 
ligence that the Imperialifts feek nothing but 
delay, hoping that fome great turn in their 
favour, from this King's great age, or our 
Queen's ill health ; and that Prince Eugene 
is going to the Hague full of hopes to carry 
on the war. But what concerns me mofl is, 
that fpring, the feafon of action, comes on 
apace, and we have not yet fecured our peace, 
nor made preparations for war. I think it is 
time to fpeak clearly, and tell this Court what 
you expecl for your allies, and what for your- 
felves, with aflurance, that what you afk be- 
ing granted, you are ready to fign, and t o 
invite the others to do the fame. It is now 
near your Lordmip's hour of writing, at night, . 
and I am very weary, but very fincerely, 
My Lord, &c. 


To the Earl of Str afford. 

Whitehall, February I3th, 1712-13. 
I KNEW nothing of the matter men- 
tioned in your Lordmip's private letter of the 

1 8th 


1 8th till this morning. My nril care was to 
fpeak to Sir William Windham *, and he 
affured me that there had been nothing done 
but in confequence of a general rule laid 
down by the Queen upon the reduction of 
her forces; that he would write to your 
Lordfhip about it, and that he flattered him- 
ielf you would be fatisfied there was not the 
leaft ground to look upon this as a hardship. 
In the mean while, I believe he delays the 
fignification of the Queen's pleafure. 

As to the cafe of Mr. Harvey, I can upon 
my own knowledge aflure your Lordfhip, 
that you have been mifmformed ; he was fo 
far from having the nomination of his officer, 
that the Queen gave the troop againft his 
recomme ndation . 

If Don L,ewis -J* will take care of his own 
mafter's intereft, we will endeavour to take 
care of the Queen's. I am ferry to find his 
intelligence is no better. 

I mall do my f elf the honour to write to 
the King of Pruflia, and fhall take the liberty 
to recommend my letter to your Lordfhp by 
the next poft. The little wafp, Bonet, plagues 

* SecicUry at War. 

f Probably Da Cunha, the Portugal Plenipotentiary. 



me about his fubfidies ; God knows, I can 
give him no anfwer ; he fancies I will give 
him none. 

I have {elicited Mr* Ayerft's * caufe; 
whether I mall fucceed or not I know not, 
the Queen having many engagements upon 
her hands. I am, &c 

To tie Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Whitehall, February lyth, 1712-13. 
IT falls again to my mare to convey her 
Majefty's orders to your Grace, upon the 
prelent ftate of the negociation of peace, and 
I cannot but hope that the effecl of the refb- 
lutions which the Queen is now come to, 
will be an immediate conclufion of the treaty 
between her and France ; at leaft we mall 
extricate ourfelves from this ftate of fufpence 
which the feafon of the year renders it very 
unfafe to continue longer in, and fhall know 
what we have to truft to on the 'part of 
France. Her Majefty's conduct will appear 
fair and uniform to the whole world, while 

* Chaplain to the Earl of Stafford, 

VOL. III. E c that 


that of the Court, where your Grace at pre* 
lent reticles, will have a quite contrary afped~t y 
if they cio not accept theie -overtures, and 
clofe with the Queen at once. But I alk 
pardon for troubling your Grace with this 
preface, ana proceed to communicate to you. 
her Majefty's fenfe, and her directions, as I 
received them laft night, in Council. 

As foon as this difpatch comes to your 
Grace's hands, her Majefty would have you y 
either in a conference with the French mi- 
nifrers, or in a memorial to be delivered to 
Monfieur de Torcy, or in both,, make, in her 
name, a reprefentation to the 

That the Queen has hitherto deferred the 
opening of the Parliament, in hopes that thefc 
few difficulties \vnich remain undetermined.. 
either in the treaty of peace and of com- 
merce between Great Britain and France,, 
or in the diicuiiion of the intereib of her 
Majefty's allies, would have been entirely 
got over ; or at leail that, the former being 
taken away, France would have made fuch 
offers upon the latter, as might have enabled 
the Queen to have ligned her treaty, with- 
out any further regard to thole parties, who- 



fhould not have thought fit to conclude at 
the Tame time. That the laft letters, which 
her Majefty has received from your Grace, 
as well as from her Plenipotentiaries at 
Utrecht, not anfwering this hope, which me 
had conceived, but on the contrary, mowing 
that fome few differences ftill remain unde- 
cided, in the treaty between . her Majefty 
and the Moft Chriftian King, and that very 
little farther progrefs has been made, towards 
fettling the interefts of thofe powers, whofe 
demands have met with the greatcft oppofi- 
tion, her Majefty has judged it abfolutely 
necefTary to communicate her fentiments in 
this important criiis, and the meafures which 
ihe is determined to follow, to his Moft Chrif- 
tian Majefty fmcerely, and without the leaft 

That the fruit which me expecls from this 
full communication of her intentions, is, ci- 
ther b thefe means to haften the conclufion 
of the general peace, between her Majefty 
and the Crowns of France and Spain, or 
elfe, at the worft, to prevent at this feafou 
of the year, and the approach of fpring, any 
furprife on either fide ; that you have re- 
ceived from the Queen, and are ready to 
E e 2 commu- 


communicate to the King, her Majefty's lafl 
refolutions, as well upon thofe difputes, which 
relate particularly to the interefts of Great 
Britain, as upon the chief points that remain 
undetermined in the general plan of peace ; 
that thefe are not to be looked upon as new 
demands on France, moll of them are points 
which have been already frequently difcufled, 
and all of them are the mofl reafonabla 
compofitions which the Queen thinks it pof- 
iible to make, for accommodating the pre- 
fent differences, and refloring the public 

That if his Moil Chriftian Majefty fhall 
think fit to agree in thefe particulars with 
the Queen, your Grace has directions to give 
immediate notice to the Plenipotentiaries at 
Utrecht, to whom a courier will be difpatched 
from hence to-morrow morning, with the 
powers necefTary for them to aflume the 
haracter of Ambafladors, and to fign the 

That thefe Miniflers, upon the receipt 
of this advice from your Grace, are directed 
to declare in the Congrefs, that the interefts 
of Great Britain and France are entirely 



fettled, and that they fhall proceed imme- 
diately to fign her Majefty's peace. 

That thefe Minifters are likewife directed, 
in purfuance of this declaration, as foon as 
the Minifters of France themfelves fhall 
defire it, and as the feveral inftruments can 
be prepared, to conclude : that it is to be 
hoped all the allies will finim at the fame 
time ; but that if any of them ihould not be 
ready, her Majefty's minifters are ordered 
neverthelefs to proceed to fign, leaving the 
general plan, as it is underftood at Utrecht, 
and with the alterations and additions now 
propofed by her Majefty, as the fcheme which 
fuch parties may x within a term to be fettled 
between her Majefty's minifters and thofe of 
France, come in upon. 

That this proceeding, on the Queen's 
part, is a full accomplishment of that promife 
which her Majefty formerly made, and has 
frequently repeated to the Moft Chriftian 
King; but, that the declaration which al- 
ways accompanied this promife of her Ma- 
jefty, muft not be forgot ; which declaration 
was That if her allies did fincerely enter 
into difpofitions for peace, and, confequently, 
jf the delay of concluding did not arife from 
E e 3 them, 


them, her Majefty would think herfelf obliged 
to keep other meafures with them, and not 
to fign without them; that therefore, if his 
Moft Chriftian Majefty mall not conlent to 
the proportions which your Grace is ordered 
by her Majefty to make, as well in her own 
behalf, as in behalf of her allies, the Queen 
will, in purluance of the eftablifhed principle 
which is above-mentioned, continue her good 
offices for reftoring the public tranquillity, 
but will be obliged to defer the execution of 
her treaty with France, until his Moft Chrif- 
tian Majefty and the other powers concerned 
in the treaty of peace, mall come nearer to 
an agreement. 

That upon thefe considerations, and with 
thefe views, the Queen has again prorogued 
her Parliament till Tuefday the third of 
March, O.S.; that the manner of her ipeak- 
ing to the two Houfes, and indeed to the 
whole world, will depend OIL the refolution 
which the Moft Chriftian King (hall take on 
this occanon. That, in one cafe, her Ma- 
jefty will fpeak of her own peace as con- 
cluded, and of the terms of peace for her 
allies, as agreed between herfelf and the 
King, and therefore propofe to her people no 



t>ther provifions for the fervice of the year, 
than what are neceflary for the maintenance 
of the common guards by lea and land, in 
:time of peace. That .in the other caie, her 
'Majefty will he obliged to fpeak of the event 
of the negociation as Hill uncertain, and 
therefore to demand fuch fupplics of her 
Parliament as may he neceflary for carrying 
-on the war, if imhappilv the negotiation of 
.peace mould not liicceed. x That .it is now 
.in the King's power, at once to make his 
peace with the -.Queen, and to fecure the iuc- 
ceis of the general treaty. That her Majefty 
:has, through the whole courfe of this negoci- 
ation, done all that wac poffible to calm the 
minds, and to moderate the -expectation of 
the feveral allies. That the general plan of 
peace, with the proportions now made, 
comes very near to that plan which his Moft 
Chriftian Majefty thought fit to offer, ill .a 
word, that the Queen can reduce the de- 
mands of her allies no lower than they will, 
according to this fcheme, fraud, and that fhe 


cannot doubt the compliance of the King, 
iince me is peiiuaded his Majefty will main- 
tain to the end of the negociatiorj, the fame 
E.C4 Inn-it 



fpirit of facility, the fame candour, with 
tvhich it was begun. 

The two papers inclofed (No. i, No. 2) 


j^l) " Memorial of the Queen's lajl refolutions upon the differences " 
in the treaty of peace and commerce^ between her Majefty and 
the Mojl Ckrijlian King. 


" THE difficulty about the title of Eleftrefs to the Princefs 
Sophia, her Majefty is determined fhall not flop the figning of 
the treaty ; it may be reafonable that France give upon this 
occafion a declaration, that the King is ready to acknowledge 
the Electorate in the Houfe of Brunfwic, as foon as the Elector 
of Hanover fhall come into a peace with France and Spain. 
Her Majefly infifts upon the fpecification of the diftance of 
thirty leagues on the fouth-eaft coaft of Nova Scotia. Her 
Majefty perfifts in refuting that liberty which is demanded for " 
the fubjefts of France, to fell their bonaimmobilia. in the places 
yielded or reftored to the Queen. 

*' If his Mod Chriftian Majefty infifts to have a claufe in- 
ferted, by virtue whereof, in the places either yielded or reftored 
to the Queen, any inhabitant, being a papift, who fhall choofe 
to continue her Majefty's fubjecl, may have the free ufe of 
his religion, the faid claufe will be admitted with words to this 
effeft, as far tu is confijlent 'with the laws and policy cf Great 


M THE Queen admits thefe words, in quacunque accajione^ or 
fuch other words as may prevent it being thought, that a 
public burying-place fliould be fet afide for every nation. 

*' The preceding paragraph which is the fecond in the 
paper (6), tranfmitted by the Duke of Shrew fbury, in his 
letter of February aid, her Majefty thinks ought to remain j 
and being reciprocal, can, have no reafonable objection made 
to it on the part of France : if the French think otheiwife, 
the Queen will not ftop the conclusion of the treaty for thi$ 
difference. If any other matters are left in the treaty of com- 
merce undetermined, they fhall be fpecifically referred to the 
Commiflioners appointed by the fatd treaty to meet afier the 

>' (a) Material 


contain her Majefty's refolutions upon the 
disputed articles of her own peace, and of 


(2) ' Memorial oftkt differences relating to the later efts of tb 
Allies, and ethers^ nuitb the Queen's ultimate refolution uptn each 

" Propofals of France. The Q/waV Profofaff. 


" The Molt Chriftian King Portugal, for the fake of 

offers to change the provifi- peace, and in deference to the 

onal treaty concluded between Queen, agreeing to depart from 

France and Portugal, into a the barrier which by their trea- 

defmitive one, reserving the ty they are entitled to expect, 

free navigation of the river her Majefty is obliged to infift, 

of the Amazons, which is to in their behalf, that both France 

be in common between the two and Spain (hall, in the ftrongelf. 

nations, and cleared terms, engage not 

to moleft the dominions of 

Portugal, or give them any 

trouble under any pretence 

whatsoever, either in Europe, 

the Weft-Indies, or in any other part of the world. That the 
hardfhips impofed upon Portugal by France, in the provincial 
treaty (a copy whereof is herewith lent, and a ftate of the ca<c 
as it has been given in by the Minifter of Portugal here) 
fiiall be wholly removed; that to this end the Queen infifts 
that France fball depart from all pretenfions to a freedom of 
navigation in the river of the Amazons; that the north as well 
as the fouth fide of the river fhall, for the future, be under- 
ftood to belong to the Portuguefe ; that they fliall enter again 
into the poiTeflion of the country which, by the above-men- 
tioned treaty, they were obliged to abandon ; that the faid treaty 
fhall be made definitive, in fuch manner, that the right of 
country, thereby kept in fufpence, fliall be entirely given up, 
and remain for ever to the Crown of Portugal; and that the 
boundaries fliall be fo clearly and diftinftly lettled, in a treaty 
between France and Portugal, that no room may be left for 
any farther difpute upon this head ; to all this the Queen pro- 
mifes to give her guaranty. 


" The ;thof December laft, *' The propo/ition, as then 

the Earl of Strafford informed made, on the pait of France, 

the by 


the general plan. Theie are what I refer 
to above, and what jour Grace will pleafe 


the States-General, "by the 
Queen's command, that the 
Moft Chriftian King made 
prefling inftances in favour of 
his ally, the Elector of Bavaria; 
that what the King prettnded 
to demand for him was, that 
the faid Elector fliould keep 
the polTeflion of Luxembourg, 
Namur, and Chsrkroi, being 
fubjecl to the terms of the bar- 
Tier, until he fliould be re-elra- 
bliihed in the electorate of Ba- 
varia, and be put in the rank 
and dignity of ninth Elector 4 
that, befidcs this, his Moft 
Chriftian Majefty propofed 
that the kingdom of Sardinia 
fhould be given to the faid 
Elector, that by the title of 
Xing the di (honour of being 
degraded to the ninth elector- 
ate might be effaced. 

" The French likewife de- 
mand for the faid Elector, at 
prefein, that, after he is even 
rcitoreu to Bavaria, he (hall 
retain the fuvereignty of Lux- 
embourg, till he fiiail have 
received an entire compenfa- 
tion for the thirteen millions 
of florins formerly paid for the 
Upper Palatinate, and fatif- 
fadtion for his other demands, 
arifing from inobfervation of 
the treaty made between the 
late Emperor Joleph and the 
Electrefs of Bavaria, at limer- 
fcheim, near Landau. 

by the Earl of Strafford, in 
behalf of the Eledor of Bava- 
ria, the Queen entirely agrees 
to ; and, as a farther compli- 
ance with the demands of 
France for that -Prince, her 
Majefty likewife otters to con- 
fent that the Elector fhall con- 
tinue to retain the fovereignty 
of -Luxembourg, until he has 
a juft fatisfaction made him on 
account of :his pretenfion in 
refpect to the infradion of the 
treaty of Ilmerfheim. But the 
Queen underftands the matter 
thus : that the Elector is not 
to be judge of his own fatif- 
fadion ; that fome arbitration 
or other is to be appointed, to 
determine the fame as foon as 
poflible, and her Majefty offers 
to be one of the arbitrator 
and that in this :afe alfo, Lux- 
emburg, as well as the other 
places to be given up by the 
Eeftor, is to be fubjecl to the 
terms of the barrier, and to be 
garrifoned from the moment 
his peace is figned, in ftich 
manner as {hall be agreed 
among the allies. 

" This is the ultimatum 
which the Queen prop:,fcs in 
refpect to the Eledor of Ba- 
varia ; but as other expedients 
have been mentioned in the 
courfe of the negociation, her 
Majeily, to facilit?te the ac- 
commodation of this matter, 
is willing to agree to either of 
the following propofals, pro- 


to offer, as the Queen's ultimatum, to the 


vided the parties concerned accept of one of them: I. That the 
Elector of Bavaria lhail give up Nieuport, Charleroi, Namur, 
Luxembourg, and all that he is in polieffion of, at prefent, to 
the Emperor: that France fliall agree to add to the barrier of 
4he empire, either by accepting the propofition of making the 
river Soor the boundary between Alfatia and the empire, or 
by clofing in with the offer made by Count Sinzendorf, a 
copy whereof goes herewith. On the other fide, in confider- 
ation of thefe concellions, the Emperor fliail confent imme- 
diately to reftore the Elector of Bavaria to all that he was ia 
pofleflion of before the war, that is, both to his territories and 
to his rank in che empire; and this to be yii'lerftood as a full 
fatisfaction to that Elector, for all demands whatfoever. But 
to make the Elector Palatine amends for what he will lofc by 
this expedient, the Emperor fliall give him the kingdom of 
Sardinia. Or, 

" 2. That the Elector of Bavaria fliall be immediately re- 
fiored, both to the pofTellion of all his territories in the Em- 
pire, and to his rank in the Imperial College; and that in. 
iieu of the Upper Palatinate, the Eleftor Palatine fliall have the 
places and countries, of which the Elector of Bavarh is at pre- 
fent poflefled ; together with fuch others as the Emperor ihall 
part with on that fide, as alfo that territory which will be 
yielded by France, in cafe the Soor be made the barrier of 
the empire; and as the Emperor will, oy this proportion, 
retain the kingdom of Sardinia, fome expedient mud be found, 
by erecting the Elector Palatine's territory into a kingdom, or 
by fome orher way, to recompenfe him for the lofs of the rank 
of fir ft Eleaor. ' 

*' France likewife in yielding " The Queen agrees that 
Ipres and its crutellany, ex- France fhovild retain bt.Amanci 
cept the baillinge of Bailleul and Mortagne, provided the 
and Poperingue. latter be kept purely tor a 

44 France excepts out of the communication by water be- 
ceflion of the Tournefis, Mor- tween Condc: and Douay ; and 
tagne and St. Ainand. thai France be obliged at no 

time, and on no account, to 
make any flukes or fortifica- 
tions there. 
"A* x "I 


Her Majefly thinks it impoffible, that thfi* 
King can have any difficulty in agreeing to 
thofe points, whereon fhe infifls as to her 
own interefts. There are but two which 
deferve to have a paragraph beftowed up- 
on them, and they are in the 1 2th and in the 
1 4th articles of the treaty of peace. We 
perfuade ourfelves that Monfieur de Torcy's 
argument upon the firft of thefe, makes di- 

" I do not find to the pa- " As to the bailliage of Bail- 
pers brought over by Mr. Prior, leul and Poperingue, her Ma- 
that any mention was made jefty, in her fpeech to her Par- 
of thefe two places. liament declared, that the 

" Commines, Deallemonde, States- General fliould have 
Trelinghen, and Houpelines their barrier, as it was fpecified 
were defired to be given with in the preliminaries of 1709, 
Lille, as being Gloated oYi the except two or three places at 
Lis, and thht they would create moft, in which number Ipres. 
difputes if two powers enjoyed is not contained ; as t'.iere- 
them, having part on one fide fore the faid preliminaries do 
and part on the other fide of fpecify, that France fhall deli- 
the river. ver up to the States, Ipres 

and its chitellany, with the de- 
pendancy thereof, which are 

reckoned to be Baillieul or Beile, Warneton, Commines, War- 
tvyck, Poperingue, and whatfoever elfe depends on thofe places 
(the town and chitellany of Cartel, remaining to the Moft 
Chriftian King) her Majefty does think, that only the town 
and chatellany of Cartel, are to be excepted out of the ceflion 
of Ipres and its dependences, and that the bailliage of Bailleul 
and Poperingue are not to be yielded to the States General 
by France, ab dependencies of Ipres ; this her Majefty does 
propofe as her decifioa in this cale. But if France fliall agree 
t) all the other conditions, as well concerning the iutercft 
of the allies as thofe of Great Britain in particular ; in Inch 
cafe, if it were argued very preffingly, the Queen would 
confent that the F, ench fhould retain the bailliage of Bail- 
kul, and that the Slates (hould have Poperingue." 



redly againft him, and for us ; fince they 
agree not to fim upon the coaft of Acadie, 
nor upon the bank, it can do them no hurt 
to have the boundary fixed at thirty leagues ; 
and fure, my Lord, your naming a deter- 
minate diftance, is much lefs likely to create 
new difputes, than a general ftipulation. The 
claufe of the bona immobilia^ in the 1 4th ar- 
ticle, her Majefty never heard of, till the 
French counter-project was tranfraitted, about 
the end of laft December; and .me never 
agreed to that pretenfion of felling the im- 
moveables in St. Chriftopher and Acadie, 
upon the diftinclion of places yielded, and 
places reftored ; but in debating of this mat- 
ter, it was faid by her order, to mow the 
abfurdity of this demand, that the French 
would have more reafon to expect fuch a 
privilege in Newfoundland, where they did 
not demand it, than in St. Chriftopher's and 
Acadie, where they did demand it ; and from 
hence, I obferve, in the paper tent me by your 
Grace, and marked (No. 3), that Moniieur 
de Torcy would fnppofe, that this privilege 
was to be allowed to them in St. Chrifto- 
pher's, Acadia, and Newfoundland; which 
furely, if not at any time very fair, and when 
3 there 


there is fo much reafon on all articles to 
fhim delay, not very wife. Upon the whole 
matter, I wifli the French may as ealily con- 
fent to the papers marked (2) as I dare fay 
they will to that marked (i). I believe that 
whenever it fhall be confidered, how far the 
demands of the allies are, by her Majefty's 
interpoiition, reduced from what was for- 
merly aiked, and from what France itfelf 
would have willingly granted ; the fcheme 
of peace as it will ftand, when thefe pro- 
petitions made by the Queen, fhall be ac- 
cepted, muft be thought fuch a bargain, a*' 
no ride can have rcalon to complain of, and 
1 beg your Grace's leave to make fome ob- 
iervations on the principal heads. The 
States-General have hitherto infifted on 
Conde, in addition to the barrier offered 
them, on the four fpecies, and on all the de- 
pendances belonging to Jpres and Tournay 
now diiputed. Their demand of Conde, the 
Queen confents mould be dropped ; the four 
fpecies me has fo far given up in her ow 
cafe, as to refer the difcufTion of them to 
commiilioners, and fhe expects that the 
States fhould do the fame. Of the depcn- 
dances which are ftill controverted, two, 

I 17?.. 


r/s. St. Amand and Mortagnei for the lat- 
ter of which, the French have the pretence 
of conveniency ; the Queen is willing to ob- 
lige the Dutch to yield. The other two, 
viz. Bail leu i and Poperingne, which are nei- 
ther palles nor fortrefTes, and in the yielding 
whereof nothing is concerned, but a little- 
more or little leis revenue, the Queen is de- 
iirous to preicrve for the States, though 
your Grace has a po\ver of departing from 
the former, rather than not conclude. 

Surely, my Lord, upon a fair computation,, 
the luirv total 1 of the conceiiions- made to 
France, will balance that of the concemons 
made by France, in this part of the plan 
which relates to Holland. Upon the head 
of Bavaria, the French would do well to 
conlider what diJ advantage their itiithefs, as. 
to the barrier of the Empire, throws all 
arguments uiider, which are made u; 
in behalf of this Elector. The propoiitiou 
which my Lord Strafturd made for him r 
iomc time ago r and \\hich her Majefty 
thought the French intended to acquieilv 
in, is not without its dirHculties j yet even 
that appears to them not lumcicnt for thci: 
*11\, and they have b*:cn tr\in by all 


of negociation to get more for him ; though 
it might be expefted that the Queen mould 
think herielf under no obligation, tince the 
French Ministers did not at firft accept what 
me offered in their mafter's name, yet her 
Majefty is ftill willing to ftand to that pro- 
pofal, fbftened and improved to the Elector's 
advantage, as your Grace finds in the me- 
morial that accompanies this letter ; and the 
fmgle question feems to be, whether France 
will be contented to accept what, without 
the Queen's ailiftance, they could never have 
hoped to obtain for the Eleclor ; or whether 
they will defer their peace with the Queen, 
and expofe the general treaty to new dan- 
gers, in order to play fiich a trick as indirectly 
to endeavour to acquire Luxemburg, which 
they have in their general offers plainly 
yielded? for this is, without difpute, the 
meaning of all their late management. I 
have reafon to believe from the accounts 
that have come to my hands, of what has 
pafTed at Utrecht, that the demand made 
for Portugal will go very hardly down at the 
French court, and yet furely there was no- 
thing more realonable for France to confent 
to than what the Queen propofes. Portu- 



gal was entitled to demand a considerable 
barrier, and whatever contempt the French 
Minifters may think fit to treat the Portu- 
guefe with, yet they ought to pay refpecl to 
this pretenfion ; and fince it was become her 
Majefty's pretenfion, by the engagement fhe 
entered into when Ihe made the treaty of 
1703, this barrier is at once given up, and 
in lieu thereof a promidbry fecurity only is 
demanded of France and Spain. Now, fince 
the Portuguefe do content to accept of this 
fecurity, in lieu of that which they had iti- 
pulated for themfelves, and fince the Queen's 
honour is concerned, not to oblige them to 
part with one, without making the other ef- 
fectual to them ; it is to be confidered, that 
in Europe no attempt can be made upon 
this nation, which the crown of Great Bri- 
tain will not be almoft as much at hand to 
oppofe, as France or Spain can be to carry 
it on ; but in Brazil the cafe is not the fame. 
The French have there flided themfelves 
into the neighbourhood of the Portuguefe, 
they arc every day ftarting new pretenfions, 
and making new encroachments upon them ; 
the Queen is at a diftance, and thofe feeble 
ill-governed colonies may be overrun, before 
VOL. III. F f the 


the news of their being attacked will arrive 
in London. Nothing, therefore, can be more 
juft, than for the Queen to expect that, in 
confederation of what me yields, for that 
expreflion may be properly uled, in Europe, 
France mould yield fomething in America. 
Farther, the navigation of the river of the 
-Amazons cannot but give umbrage even to 
the Spaniard. Whoever is informed of the 
frefheft accounts which have come from 
thofe parts, and of the lateft difcoveries 
which have been made, will eafily perceive 
what reafons the Spaniards muft have for 
their apprehenfions. In ihort, my Lord, the 
iburee of the river mufl: belong to the Spa* 
niard, the mouth of it to the Portuguefe, 
and neither the French nor the Englifh, nor 
any other nation, murt have an avenue open 
into that country. I am almoft aihamed 
to have ufed fo many words upon this fub- 
jecl, when I confider that I am arguing 
againft an advantage purely national ; when 
I am not proving that the French pught to 
give up what they have had an actual pof- 
feffion of, but am barely defiring them to 
forego that, which they never enjoyed but 
in idea. 



Your Grace may, perhaps, wonder wh y 
there is nothing faid in the paper (2) con- 
cerning the interefts of the Duke of Sa- 
voy ; but the reafon of it is, becaufe your 
Grace muft, without giving Up the point, 
defer the determining it. The Queen ob- 
ferves, that in your letter of the 1 6th, you 
are pleafed to fay, that France will yield 
what has been afked for the Duke of Savoy 
to him, upon condition that his Royal High- 
hefs will yield to them la Vatlee de Barce- 
lonette avec les douze corftmunaiites dont elk 
eft compofee. By the letter from the Count 
de MafFei to me, which comes inclofed, your 
Grace will perceive; that the French Mi- 
hifters at Utrecht have made the propoii- 
tion in another manner, and have faid that 
avec les terres propofees de la comtc de Nice, le 
Rot demandoif la Valtie d? Barcelotiette. We 
take it for granted, that the inftruclions of 
the French Plenipotentiaries were agree- 
able to what your Grace has writ, but thefe 
gentlemen it feems, had a mind de falre /es 
bom valets ; and it is no wonder we do not 
know the true fenfe of the Mmifters of Sa- 
voy, upon this offer of the French court, fmce 
the King's Minifters have not truly dated 
F f 2 tke 


the offer to the Minifters of his Royal Hign- 
nefs. It is therefore the Queen's pleafure, 
that your Grace mould open this matter to 
Monfieur de Torcyj and fhould let him 
know, that for this realbn, the Queen has 
not fpoke fo peremptorily on this head, as 
me has done upon others ; but that her Ma- 
jefty will iniift to the lail to obtain for his 
Royal Highnefs, that which is neceflary for 
Kis iecurity, he giving the equivalent he has 
offered, or fomething equal to that equi- 
valent, for it. Whether the Valley of Bar- 
celonette be that fomething or no, the 
Queen cannot yet determine ; and upon this 
occafion, my Lord, I cannot forbear making 
two reflections on the conduct which the 
French court has held, and the arguments 
which their Minifters have uied in debating 
this part of the general treaty. Their firft 
reafon for refufing to the Duke of Savoy the 
addition which he demanded to his barrier 
was, that this addition could not be looked 
upon as really and eflentially neceflary to his 
fecunty ; foon after, they offered, as an ex- 
pedient for ccmprormiing the difficulty, that 
the King fhould keep the villages demanded 
by the Duke, but oblige himfelf not to can- 


ton, at any time, troops in them. I appeal 
to your Grace, whether thofe who propofed 
this expedient did not thereby very fully 
give up the arguments they had before in- 
iifted upon ? Another objection made on the 
part of France to this demand was, that the 
villages in queftion, were part of the ancient 
domain of the crown, which it fcems his 
Majefty can upon no account whatfoever 
refolve to yield ; and yet this point of ho- 
nour is to be got over, and this domain is to 
be parted with, provided the Valley of Bar- 
celonette be given in exchange. 

By what I have faid, your Grace perceives 
that the Queen continues ftill of the fame 
opinion, with refpecl to this article of the 
Duke of Savoy's demands, although me can- 
not fpeak fo pofitively of it as me would 
do, becaufe the falle proportion made by 
the French Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht has 
hindered her from knowing the fenfe of the 
Savoy Minifters upon the true one. But 
I muft open another matter to your Grace, 
which renders her Majefty lefs zealous in 
this caufe, than otherwife me would be, or 
at leaft makes her think it proper to give 
fome appearance of coolnefs. When Mon- 
Ff firnr 


fieur de Mellarede was in England, he alked 
her Majefty 's leave to form a body of Irifli 
troops, which the Duke of Savoy prqpofed 
to take .into his pay, for the garrifqning of 
Sicily. The Queen did not think fit to agree 
to this propofal ; but, in lieu thereof, Mon- 
fieur de Mellarede was told, that her Ma- 
jefty would furnim his mafter with five old 
regiments of foot, to be kept in Sicily ; that 
in confederation of this, he fhould be ob- 
liged, in cafe Minorca was attacked, to fend 
land fuccours from Sicily thither, as her Ma- 
jefty would be obliged, in cafe Sicily was, 
attacked, to fend a fquadron of her mips 
from Minorca thither. It is true, indeed, 
that Monfieur de Mellarede defired a pro- 
ject of a convention for the entertainment of 
thefe troops, which was not at that time 
given him, and which has been very lately 
fent over ; but the overture having been 
made to him, her Majefty is a good deal 
mocked to find, that his Royal Highnefs has 
not thought it worth his while to take any 
the leaft notice thereof. 

I have now gone through all which I had 
in command from her Majefty to your Grace, 
as to the manner of winding up this great 



negociation. I mall conclude this fubjecl: 
by faying that to you, which I am fure you 
will fay to the Minifters of France, that 
the King has now the whole before him, that 
the fear of pofterior demands, the old excufe 
for unlatisfaftory anfwers, can no longer be 
given ; and we had better run the rilk of 
thofe confufions, which mull follow the 
breaking the negociation, or even the pro- 
tracting it, than fubmit to receive the law 
in fo arbitrary a manner as we muft do, if 
France refufes to fubfcribe to the plan now 
chalked out by the Queen. When I con- 
fider the clearnefs with which your Grace 
\vill exprefs thefe orders, the arguments with 
which you will back them, and the fpirit 
with which, I am fure, you will fupport the 
whole, I confefs I cannot have very much 
concern about the event, 

I (hall not fail to difpatch the powers 
and i lift ructions above-mentioned to the 
Oueen's Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht. 
I am, &c. 


F f 4 


T0 the Duke of Sbre-wjlury. 

Whitehall, February lyth, 1712,0.8. 

I SHOULD, by this courier, particularly 
anfwer the private letters which your Grace 
has honoured me with, and fend you at the 
fame time the informations you want, in 
order more clofely to examine Affurini, the 
father and the fon ; but it is fo extremely 
late, and I am fo thoroughly fpent, that I 
muft beg your Grace to excufe me, till the 
next opportunity of writing. 

The Queen is not yet able to walk, 
from the weaknefs which the gout leaves in 
her limbs ; otherwife, God be praifed ! me 
is in a good ftate of health : we have fome 

advices, as if -* was not in the fame, 

the truth of which your Grace mufl be bet- 
ter informed of. 

I am lefs and lefs fatisfied every day with 
the Ditke d'Aumont; all the Abbe Gaultier 
can do to fet him right is done, but he is 
too conceited ever to mend. I find the 
Spanifh Minifler very much mocked at fome 

* Meaning, probably, Louis XIV, 



part of his behaviour. Your Grace eafily 
believes I take no pains to heal this breach. 
I am, &c. 

To tie Duke of Sbrewjbury. 


Whitehall, Feb. i8th, 1712-13. 
I DISPATCH this meffenger, in hopes 
he may be able to overtake Phillips, who 
went away early this morning with the Earl 
of Dartmouth's letters, and a voluminous 
packet from me, to your Grace. 

I made, it feems, fome fmall miftake, in 
taking the Queen's fenfe, as to that article 
which relates to the Eledor of Bavaria, in 
the paper 2d. Your Grace will therefore 
pleafe to ufe that which I have now the 
honour to tranfmit to you *, inftead of the 


* '* Memorial of the Queen's ultimate refolution upon the principal 
feints "which remain unfettled in the general plan of Peace. 


" The King of Portugal being determined to fign his peace 
with France and Spain at the fame time with the Queen, hor 
Majefty thinks herfelf obliged to infift, in behalf of that Crown, 
that France and Spain lliall, in the ftrongeft and cleareft terms, 
engage not to molelt the dominions of Portugal, or to give 
them any trouble, under any pretence whatfoever, either in Eu- 
rope, the Welt-Indies, or any other part of the world; that the 
provifional treaty made by France with that Crown, a copy of 



other. In this paper, the miftake I mention 
is not only redined, but fome other points 
are more fully and clearly expreffed. 


which treaty, togethe r w ifa a ft a t e of this .cafe a? it has been 
given in by the Miniver of Portugal refiding here, accompanies 
this memorial, (hall no t only be made definitive, as the French 
miniiters have offered, but alfo effectually to fecure the Portu- 
guefe in the quiet poifeflion of their fettlements. That France 
fnall exprefsly depart from all pretenfions to a freedom of 
navigation in the River of the Amazons. That the north more 
as well as the fouth fhore of this river, {hall for the future be 
tmderftood to belong to the Portuguefe. That the Portuguefe 
lhall again take poffeffion of, and for the future quietly enjoy, 
without any difturbance on the part of France, that country 
which, by the abovementionsd provifional treaty, they were ob- 
liged to evacuate. That the boundaries fhall be by treaty clearly 
and diftinclly fixed, between the poffeffions of the Portuguefe 
thus effoblifhed, and fuch fettleaient or fettlements as the 
French may actually have on the coaft, fo as to leave no room 
for future difpute on this head. That, in cqnfideration of thofe 
articles, and of the fatisfaftion which it will be propofed to the 
Spanifh minifte^that the King of Spain mail give to the Crown 
of Portugal, not only with rcipeil to the colony of the Sacra r 
ment, but alfo with refpect to the demands made by the Por- 
tuguefe, and formerly allowed by the Span : ardg, on account of 
the alfiento; the King of Portugal fliall der art from all preten- 
fions to any place or places as a barrier, or otherwife on. tne 
continent of Spain. That the guaranty of the Queen fliall be 
accepted of to all conditions of peace between France, Spain., 
and Portugal." 


** Propo/ition made h the Earl " That the propofitioii made 

of Sfrafford, the "-jih of De- by the Earl of Stratford at the 

ccmbet, 1712, N S. Hague, on the /th of Decem- 

" The Moil Chriftian King ber laft, N.S. be accepted, in 

demanded in favour of his ally the terms in which it was then 

the Elector of Bavaria, that made, and which are inferted 

the faid Elector mould keep in the margin of this paper, 

poiVeiiion of Luxemburg, NH-. except as to the alteration of 

mur, and Charleroi; being fub- them contained in the followr 


The Queen was glad to find in your 
Grace's letter of the 1 6th, that orders have 


je& to the terms of the Barrier, ing paragraph, which is the 
until he fhould be re-eftablifh- utmoft length her Majefty can 
ed in the Electorate of Bavaria, go, in compliance with the 
exclusive of the Upper Palati- Moll Chriftian King upon this 
nate, and be put in the rank head, 
pnd dignity of pth Ele6tor. 
Betides, his Moil Chriftian Ma- 
jefty propofed, that the king- 
dom of Sardinia fhould be given 
to the faid Eleftor, that by the 
title of King, the difhonour of 
being degraded to the pth Elec- 
torate might be effaced. 

" Addition to the fecond " That whereas by the 
proposition made by the Earl of propofition made by the Earl 
Straftbrd, in favour of the of Strafford, the faid Elector 
Elector of Bavaria. is to keep pofleflion of Lux- 

emburg, Namur, and Charle- 
roi, fubjeft to the terms of the 

barrier, nolongerthan till he is re-eftablifhed in the electorate 
of Bavaria, exdufive of the Upper Palatinate, till he have the 
kingdom of Sardinia yielded to him, and till he be put in the 
rank and dignity of ninth Elector; it is now offered farther 
in favour of this Elector, that he mail retain the fovereignty 
of Luxemburg, until fatisfaclion has been made him for his 
pretentious in refpeft to the infraction of the treaty of Ilmer- 
ilieim, provided this Eleclor do not pretend to be judge of 
his own fatisfaftion, but accept fome arbitration or other, and 
her Majefty offers to be one of the arbitrators; and provided 
there be no farther difpute about the garrifoning of this place, 
of Namur, or of Chsrlcroi, the fecurity of which important 
places is one of the principal objects of the peace, this is 
the ultimatum which the Queen propofcs in refpeci to the 
Eleftor of Bavaria ; but if the infixing upon this fhould pro- 
duce on the part of the Emperor, any other propofition, 
equally or more agreeable to the Eleftor, her Majefty will 
come into the fame." 


" For accommodating the differences which remain between 
the Miniflcrs of France, and thofe of Holland, her Majefty 



been fo readily given for recalling the li- 
cences bargained for by the Count de Berg- 
heyck, for fix French mips to fail to the 
South Sea. The French Minifters gave a 
good turn to their own conduct in this affair, 
and I will be far from robbing them of the 
applaufe they merit ; but to your Grace I 
muft fay, that the refufal which the King of 
Spain declared he would give to the confir- 
mation of the Count de Bergheyck's con- 
tract, was fome ingredient in promoting the 
refolution which the Court of France took. 

** That the States-General fliall refer, as her Majefty has, on 
her part, already done, the consideration of the four excepted 
ipecies to Commiffaries who may meet after the peace. 

" That St. Amand and Mortagne remain to France, provid- 
ed the latter be kept purely for a communication by water be- 
tween Conde and Douay ; and that France be obliged at no 
time, and on no account, to make any lluices or fortifications 
there. That the bailliage of Baiileul and Poperingue do re- 
main to the Dutch. 

" This her Majefty propofes as her decifion in the difputes 
between Holland and France: but if France fliall agree to the 
other conditions, and (how an inclination at once to finifli ; 
in fuch cafe, if it may be of ufe to fave time, and conclude 
the whole fyftem of a general peace, her Majefty will con- 
fent, and the Duke of Shrewfoury may agree, that the bail- 
liage of Baiileul remain to France, and that Poperingue go 
along with Ipres. 

" Thefe propofals being accepted by his Moft Chriftian 
Majefty, they are to be added to the articles which have been 
already adjufted at Utrecht, and the whole is to be looked upon 
as the general plan, which her Majefty and the Moft Chriftian 
King are agreed in, which the Miniiters of Great Britain and 
France (hail jointly offer to the allies, and upon the afliirance 
of making which good, her Majefty will forthwith lign her 
treaty of peace." 


If I was not afraid your Grace would 
think me tedious, I would, upon this oc- 
cafion, fay, that the French cannot eftablifh, 
at this time, a wifer principle, than that of 
curing the world of the jealouiy which has 
been entertained of the defigns of France, 
to let themfelves in, not only to the Spa- 
nim trade, but the Spanim dominions too, 
in the Weft Indies ; and from hence a very 
good argument may be drawn, why 'the 
proportion, made by her Majefry in the be- 
half of Pof tugal, mould, without hefitation, 
be accepted. Some encroachments which 
have been already made by the French, in 
the ifland of St. Domingo, and the defign 
which they appear to have of cftabl idling 
and itrengthening themfelves in their colony 
of Louifa, which is not far from the king- 
dom of Mexico, give appreheniions of their 
future undertakings in North America. If 
they infill to drive the Portuguefe from 
the north more of the river of the Amazons, 
and to confirm to themfelves a right of aavi- 
gation in that river, the world will be as 
much alarmed at what they may hereafter 
attempt in South America. 

The French tried, in Mr. Prior's cafe, 


44-6 tETTERS ANfc 

one of thofe little artifices, which they can- 
not abandon, which always fix a certain 
degree of infamy upon thofe who ufe them, 
and which feldom or never procure any 
advantage, equal to the conftarit difad van- 
tage of a bad character. But as I look up- 
on this matter to be now entirely over, there 
needs no more to be faid about it ; and I am' 
forry it gave Mr. Prior fo much concern. 
I am, &c. 


De Mon/ieur de Tcrcy. 
A Verfailles, le yme Fevrier, 1713, N.S; 

JE brule, avec beaucoup de plaifir, une 
lettre que j'eus rhonneur de vous ecrife 
avant hier. Je vous exhortois a finir une 
iiegociation qui languiflbit : mais, graces a: 
Dieu ! vous 1'avez terminee, fc quoiqu'il ait 
falu ceder a la vehemence de Matthieu, je 
ne lui reprocherai point Une vicloire qui 
etablit enfin la paix entre nous. Faites 
qu'elle foit promptement fignee, pour im- 
pofer filence aux mauvais raifonneurs, dont 
le nombre eft tres-grand en tout pays. 

La Reiiie fera perdre tout credit a ceux 



qui font en Hollande, quand elle voudra s'ex- 
pliquer, comme il lui convient, & prefcrire 
a fes allies un terme fort court pour iigner 
avec elle, fi fa Majefte Britannique veuf 
encore les attendre ; mais en verite le terns 
eft bicn precieux, & qnand on eft d'accord 
de part & d'autre, il me femble qu'il ne 
faut pas retarder les bonnes affaires par la 
confideration de ceux qui n'ont chercht* 
qu'a les traverfer. 

Quoique la paix reunifle les deux nations, 
je vous allure, my Lord, qu'elle ne peut 
augmenter le deiirque j'aide meriter la con- 
tinuation de I'honneur de votre amitie, & de 
vous faire connoitre en toutes occafions que 
je fuis, &c. 


A Monfieur de Torcy* 
De Whitehall, ce ijme Fevrier, V.S. 1712-13. 
JE crois, Monfieur, que la conjondurc 
dans laquelle nous nous trouvons, & 1'im- 
portance des affaires dont il s'agit, me fer- 
viront d'excufe, fi je vous importune d'unc 
de mes lettres, & fi j'ajoute de moi-meme 
2 quelque 


quelqne chofe a ce que Monfieur le Due de 
Shrewfbury vous dira de la part de la Reine. 

Je regarde la paix entre la Grande Bre- 
tagne & la France comme reglee, puifqu'il 
eft certain que les differents qui reftent in- 
decis dans le I4me article fur les bona im- 
mobilia^ & dans le 12 me fur les triglnta 
lieues, n'en arreteront pas la conelufion : fi 
done les allies de la Reine perfiftailent a ne 
vouloir point traiter, ou fi en traitant ils con- 
tinuaffent a infifter fur les demandes qu'ils 
out jufques-ici faits, nous n'aurions- qu'a 
figner la paix particuliere, en leur lailFant un 
terme pour accepter le plan du Roi, ielon 
ce qui a etc autrefois promis par la Reine. 
Mais, Monfieur, vous voyez qu'ils nlent doux, 
& que la difference qu'il y a entre ce que 
vos Miniftres propofent, & ce que les autres 
demandent, n'eft pas aflez coniiderable pour 
pouvoir nous autorifer de dire qu'ils reftent 
encore dans leur tort, qu'ils font opiniatres, 
& qu'il faut les abandonner. 

La Reine a diftere, le plus long-terns qu'il 
lui a etc poffible, de prefcrire a fes allies, 
elle a fouhaite meme de donner le champ 
libre aux Miniftres de fa Majefte Tres Chre- 
tienne, pour gagner par la negociation fur ces 
i elprits, 


efprits^ que les evenemens de la Campagne 
pafTee ont rendu plus deciles. Mais la iaiibn 
s'avance, peut-ekre, la regarderions-nous deji 
comme trop avancee, fi nous ne comptions 
pas que vous cherchez a faire une paix rai- 
fonnable, & non pas a prendre quelque petit 
avantage pour la continuation de la guerre. 
II faut done ou prevenir 1'oiiverture de la 
Campagne, par la conclufion de la paix, ou 
fe preparer des a cette heure a la trailer les 
armes a la main ; le premier vaut infiniment 
mieux que le. dernier ; pour cet erFet, je 
viens d'envoyer a my Lord de Shrewsbury 
les derniers fentimens de la Majeile fur les 
principaux articles qui reftent a etre regies 
a Utrecht. Si le Roi trouve a propos de 
concourir avec la Reine, ces points, & ceux 
qui ont etc deja accordes par les Plenipoten- 
tiaires de France, formeront le plan general 
que la Reine & le Roi conjointement ofFre- 
ront aux parties intereflees. 

Si les allies acceptent ce plan, la paix 
generale eft alFuree ; s'ils ne 1'acceptent pas, 
celle de la Reine fera fignee, d'abord que 
vos Miniftres eux-memes le iouhaiteront. 
Je ne puis pas me refoudre a fuppofer ieule- 
ment que ce plan puiiFe etre rejete, puiiqu'ij 

VOL. III. G g couticnt 


contient toutes les facilites que la Reine eft 
en etat de dormer, & puifqu'elle fe trouve- 
roit dans ce cas obligee de parler a ion Par- 
lement du fucces de la negociation comme 
incertain. Vous voyez, Monlieur, combien 
cela donneroit de 1'avantage aux mal-inten- 
tionnes par-tout, combien cela cauferoit de 
1'embarras ici, & du defordre dans le reftc 
de 1'Europe. 

Vous aurez prefentement le plan entier 
de la paix tout a la fois devant les yeux, 
vous n' aurez point de demandes ulterieures 
a craindre, & le Roi peut dans un moment 
finir ce qu'il confumeroit des mois, pour ne 
pas dire des annees, a regler au Congres. 

Notre Parlement ne s'afiemblera que le 
5ine du mois prochain, V.S. ainfi nous 
avons tout le terns qu'il nous faut pour re- 
cevoir vos reponfes, & pour prendre nos 
mefures, qui ne dependent que de vos re- 
Iblutions, car la Reine eft la maitrefie de 
donner tel pli qu'elle voudra aux affaires 
chez nous. 

Peut-ctre que tons les avis que vous re- 

cevrez ne ieront point conformes a ce que 

j'ai Thonneur de vous mander ; je crois 

pourtant etre afTez au fait de ce qui ie palTe 

i ici, 


ici, & pouvoir vous repondre de la con- 
duite de notre Cour, & du genie de notre 
peuple. Ce qu'il y a de certain, c'eft que 
je vous ecris naturellement ce que je fais, 
ce que je penfe, que je ne vous ai jamais 
trompe, & que je ne vous tromperai jamais, 
& qu'on ne pent etre avec une eftime plus 
parfaite que je le fuis, Monfieur, &c. 


Meffieurs les Plenipotentiaires de la Reine 
me mandent qu'ils ont commence a parler 
des interets du Due de St. Pierre, & qu'ils 
efperent lui pouvoir rendre fervice. 

To the Lord Privy Seal. 

Whitehall, February 2Cth, 1712, O.S. 
THE Queen has been fo good as to 
name my brother to be her Secretary at 
Utrecht, and I cannot difpatch him thither 
without begging your Lordfhip's protection 
to him. As I am truly fenfible of the ad- 
vantage which he will have by being under 
your Lordmip's direction, fo I defire you to 
believe that I fhall ever be truly thankful 
G g 2 for 


for all the favour and countenance which 
your Lordfhip fhall pleafe to {how him. 

I have the honour to be, with the greater! 
reipecl, my Lord, your's, &c. 

To the Earl of Str afford. 

Whitehall, February 2Oth, 1712-13. 
THIS letter will be delivered to your 
Lordmip by my brother*, whom the Queen 
lias been pleafed to name for her Secretary 
at Utrecht, on Mr. Harrifon's death. As 
he may probably enough inherit fome honour 
and more eftate, and I mould be glad to fee 
him fitted to ferve his country, and to be 
ufeful in his generation, I know no better 
occafion to fire him with great examples, and 
to improve him by opportunities of acquir- 
ing knowledge. It is therefore with the 
greateft pleafure that I fend him to the Corir- 
grefs, and that I promife myfelf your Lord- 
fhip's patronage to him. You will have two 
brothers in the lid: of your fervants, my 

* George {. John. 



Lord, and I delire the others as they grow 
up may be placed on the fame roll. 

The letter of the States-General to her 
Majefty, certainly anfwers the defign which 
your Lordfhip intended by procuring it; if 
gives the cleareft teftimonies of fubmiffion 
to, and confidence in, her Majefty, and there- 
fore would effectually filence the clamours 
of thofe, who might pretend to deplore the 
hard fate of the Dutch, and to infinuate 
their diffatisfaclion. But, my Lord, if France 
will be traceable, we mint now clofe, and 
ceafe any longer to conlider who is in, and 
who out of humour. Thofe who wifh the 
peace, and that is, your Lordfhip knows, 
a vaft majority here, have been difTatisfied, 
that the treaty was not more precipitated ; 
but we hope it will appear to the cooler re- 
flections even of thele people, that her Ma- 
jefty has purfued a plan worthy of herfelf in 
flaying to the laft moment for her obfti- 
nate, ungrateful allies j and in figning refo- 
lutely, without any regard to entreaties or re- 
prefentations, when the laft moment comes. 
I believe the Duke of Marlborough * may 

* The Duke retired to the Continent in November, i;i, 
and the Duchefs joined him at Aix-la-Chapelle, in February, 

G b c 


"be meddling in politics. It is hard for fo 
old a gamefter to leave off playing. It puts 
me in mind of a man I knew, who when 
he had loft all his money, and was out of the 
party, becaufe no one would play with him 
upon tick, went home, and muffled the cards, 
and tryed tricks upon them alone all the reft 
of the night. We have information here in 
general, that he intrigues with emiiFaries of 
the Dutch ; one intelligence pretends that 
he has met the Emperor incognito, a few 
leagues from Vienna, this indeed is very 

I have already made the Marquis de Mon- 
teleon found his own court in Count Paf- 
fionei's favour j in a poft or two, I will 
do myfelf the honour to ,aniwer the letter 
which his Holinefs's Minifter has writ me. 

I am ever, my dear Lord, your Have. 

To the Earl of Str afford. 

Whitehall, March 4th, 1712-13, 
I DO not reckon that I deferve your 
Lordfhip's thanks, for giving you the earlieft 
account which I could of the matter which 



you was pkafcd to write to me upon, con- 
cerning a promotion in your regiment ; it 
was the leait I owed to one, for whom I 
profefs fo true a value and io lincere a 

Before this letter can poifibly reach your 
Lordfhip's hands, you will have known, 
that the Queen has been pleafed, as a mark 
of her approbation of my poor fervices, to 
appoint my brother to fucceed Mr. Har- 
rifon. His youth, his inexperience in his 
bufinefs, would have made me doubtful whe- 
ther I ought to let him accept of fo great an 
honour ; but that confideration which de- 
termined me, after my dependance on your 
Lordihip's goodnefs to forgive, inftrucl, and 
countenance him, was the knowledge I had 
of Mr. Ayerft's capacity, and the opinion I 
entertained, that he would be willing to affift 
George at Utrecht, whilfr, I endeavour to 
be ferviceable to him here. If at that time 
I had imagined Mr. AyerfVs views could lead 
him to think of being the Queen's Secretary, 
perhaps I mould have altered mine. 

What application my Lord Privy Seal has 

made for his Secretary, I do not know, I 

fuppofe none, fince he has not made it 

G g 4 through 


through me. I am' very fenfible of the re- 
fpe6l due to my Lord Privy Seal, as a Pre- 
late, a Minifter of State, and a man of real 
probity and worth ; but I hardly believe he 
is fo little fenfible of what is due to me, 
as not to allow me voix en chafitre* on fuch 
an occafion, 

Upon what you mention in a former let- 
ter, I took occafion to tell the Queen, that as 
your expence in Holland was exorbitant, and 
as I knew you was obliged, in fome in- 
ftances, to contract for terms of feveral 
months, it would certainly be of great ufe 
to you to be informed in time, whether me 
intended, after the conclufion of the peace, 
to employ you abroad or to call you home ? 
Her Majefly's anfwer was, that would call 
you home as foon as the negociation was fi- 
nifhed, fince your fervice would be of ufe 
to her here, and fince me mould not have 
occafion for fo high a character in Holland. 

The fear of the Queen's catching cold be- 
fore the gout has entirely fpent itfelf, has 
been the only reafon of putting the Parlia- 
ment again off, though the fpeculative here 
find many other ways of accounting for this 
tfep. On Tuefday we mall fit, and I be^ 


lieve I may venture to propheey, that the 
diffatisfied will be able to create no difturb- 
ance ; we impatiently expecl to hear that 
you have figned. I am, &c. 

To the Lord Privy Seal. 

Whitehall, March 4th, 1712-13. 
J AM very glad of this occafion to renew 
thole fmcere profeffions which I have for- 
merly made, of being your Lordfhip's fer- 
vant. In this character I would not let flip 
any opportunity of doing fuch little fervices 
as my power extends to, for thofe who have 
the honour to belong to your Lordmip. I 
had thoughts, indeed, of introducing Mr. 
Wood into the Confulmip of Flanders, 
where Logan* muft by no means continue, 
and (hall keep this door open until your 
Lordmip has thought farther of the matter, 
or until fome better provifion is made for 
your nephew, and a better, I queftion not, 
will be made. Sure I am, the fervices 
which your Lordmip had performed for 
her Majefty, deferve that recommendations 
* John Logan, Conful to Oftend and Bruges. 



fhould notfonly find ingreffion, but always 
fucceed. I will be Mr. Wood's Solicitor, 
and I hope to give you a fatisfaclory account 
of my proceedings. In the mean time, I 
entreat your Lordfhip to think of ibme 
proper perfon for the confulmip of Oftend, 
and lay your commands upon me. 

What relates to your Lordmip's own af-' 
fairs, 1 am very fenfibly concerned at. If 
the great debt which the Earl of Godolphin 
left upon the civil lift, obliges her Majefty to 
be backward in paying her fervants, we who 
are at home can find fome refource, and, 
make one fhift or other to go on, but, in- 
deed, thofe who ferve abroad, and in pofls 
of eminent and expecfive, as that where your 
Lordfhip is, ought never to be in arrear. 1 

I hope to be able by the next pofl to let 
your Lordfhip know, that my Lord Trea- 
furer has taken care to redrefs this great 
grievance ; 1 have already applied to him, 
and mall to-morrow have the opportunity of 
doing fb again. I am, &c. 


From Mr. Prior. 

Paris, February 28th, 1712, N.S. 
I DID not know that La Vigne was go- 
ing for England, till he calls as he patfes to 
afk if we have~any letters. I hope by what 
my Lord Duke fent you on Wednefday, the 
difficulties which our Plenipotentiaries from 
Utrecht mentioned, and thofe made by the 
Court here, may be adjufted : I fuppple the 
articles of commerce have been dulv weisrh- 

i O 

ed in England ; as I have looked them over, 
and corrected a copy which I had of them, 
by one which I had from Monfieur de Torcy, 
my own being very imperfect, and confi- 
derable changes made lince. I take leave 
to obferve to yon, that in the 27th article, 
Infra fpatium fex feptimarum intra the Naze 
in Norwegia, we have again loft our Bri- 
tiih Seas ; by which, fcilicet intra Maria Bri- 
tannica, though may be the boundary, as to 
the capture, is not fo exactly fixed, our fo- 
vereignty is preierved, and this is more ne- 
celFary in the treaty of commerce, becaule 
in that of peace, the fufpenfion of arms has 
fuperfeded the uiual article, in which the 



British Seas are mentioned ; this has hap- 
pened, I believe, from our having at Utrecht, 
followed the fcheme of a treaty of com- 
merce between Holland and France, in 
which, from the Naze to the Soundings, is 
always the firft boundary. 

Upon perufal of fome other articles, you 
may poffibly find fome other cautions taken ; 
that the Admiralty ufed to objecl to ar- 
ticle 2 1 , our mips to have paflfports, to be 
renewed every year, nay, every voyage ; a 
fpecification of the merchandife, a declara- 
tk>n of the perfon to whom the goods be- 
long ; does not this fubjecl: us to too nice 
a fearch upon what we have always called 
our own feas, and to minute chicaneries in 
the Admiralty Court ? And fo the 2 id and 

Nlfi certis mdmisfufpefta fuerint. 

I leave this, my Lord, to your confidera- 
tion, if there be any thing in what I write, 
it may very eafily be remedied, there being 
nothing to be propofed but what is already 
yielded, as to the feas, and only fome things 
to be retrenched from the minutias in fome 
other articles, which France will eafily 



In all cafes, this is only Matthew to 

Pray get me. a word of anfwer from my 
Lord Treafurer, as to what I have writ to 
you about my own affairs, and if I am to 
be at the renunciation ; of which we wrote 
fo much by laft, that I had not time to tell 
you in my own hand, that I am ever, 
My Lord, .&c. 


From Mr. Prior. 

Verfailles, the yth March, 1713. 

AFTER- what the Duke of Shrewflniry 
has writ to my Lord Bolingbroke, there re- 
mains nothing but a word, from Matt to 
Henry, and after the pax Jit with France, I 
have only to add & aterna ammtia with 

Entries, coaches, horfes, liveries, follow 
very foon ; pray agree with Lord Treafurer, 
as I have already hinted to you, what I am 
to do, and wherewithal I am to do it ; and 
believe that without any regard to my pri- 
vate fatisfaclion or ambition, I am ready to 



conform myfelf to what (hall be thought 
moft agreable to your directions. 

You need no apology for not writing to 
me ; when I fee a quire of your difpatching, 
it is very eafy to imagine you are weary, 
and to wifh myfelf near you, that I might 
any way eafe yon. 

I do not queftion but what we fend you 
to-night, will make you forget your labours 
paft, and I moft heartily congratulate you 
upon that peace, which you have fo emi- 
nently procured and directed, of which here- 
after in verfe. Your's, my dear Lord, ever, 


March 8th. 

As the Dukes of Berry and Orleans re- 
nounce in- perfon to Spain, in the Parlia- 
ment of Paris, they are to do the fame by 
proxy in the other Parliaments of this king- 
dom : Who is to fee it performed on her Ma- 
jeily's part, or is any body ? Do you know- 
that the King of Pruilia is dead ? 


Mr. Prior. 

Whitehall, March 3d, 1712-13. 

YOU are very good to confider the fituation 
of your friend, I mutt not be very happy 
when I want time to write to you, and to 
vifit Denny. 

I have drudged on in the beft manner I 
have been able, through very intricate as 
well as voluminous bufinefs ; and I have 
been comforted with the hopes of having 
more affiftance when J have lefs to do ; but 
enough of this. 

The peace is furely now brought to a con- 
cluiion, and if Moniieur de Torcy has writ 
to the Minifters of his mafter at Utrecht, 
as I have done to thole of the Queen, we 
fhall foon receive the instruments iigned. 

I did not, you may be fure, omit to read 
very diftinclly to the Queen that paragraph 
of my Lord Duke's letter wherein he does 
that juftice to your merit which I know you 
deferve; the Queen was very fenfible of 
your fervices, and is really I think difpofed 
to giye the proofs you could wim for, of 
this difpofition. My Locd Treafurer I have 



attacked on the fame fubjecl; and if I had 
been able to hunt him to-day, I fhould have 
had, as I believe, fomething to have faid to 
you from him, but I have been tied to my 
defk till three in the morning, at which 
hour I am writing to you; I hope before the 
end of the week to fend you an account that 
may be to your fatisfaclion. 

Pray make my mofl humble fervices ac- 
ceptable to my Lady Duchefs, and intercede 
with my Lord Duke to forgive the length 
of my letters to him. 

You have been a kind friend to Monfieur 
Calandrini, whofe circumftances are very 
unhappy, and who really defer ves better for- 
tune. I beg of you to continue the fame 
J '-- 

good-nature. I believe he has had 'a late 
flroke, which puts him ftill more in need 
of the good offices of thofe who are able to 
ferve him. 

I doubt I am in debt to Madame Feriole 
and her Brother the Abbe; I will foon dif- 
charge it; in the. mean time I am not for- 
getful of their commands. 

I know you will make my compliments 
of courfe where they are due, and I there- 


fore fay nothing particular to you upon that 

What think you of a medal, where Bri- 
tain gives an olive-branch to Time, and this 
motto infcribed, Longum diffundet in aevum ; 
or of this, Britain is feated on a throne, 
arms, trophies, &c. at her feet, the motto, 
Compq/ifis venerantur armis *. 

Adieu, my good friend ; I am, &c. 


Could you in an eafy hour drop a word to 
my Lord Duke on behalf of Do6lor Carter, 
Provoft of Oriel College in Oxford ? The 
man has a good deal of merit as a fcholar 
and a commonwealth's man, he is ambi- 
tious to be one of the Queen's chaplains, and 
I believe it would be right to make him fo. 

* This motto was adopted, but the defign of the medal was 
changed. The editor has one of thofe which he believes were 
prefented by her Majefty's order to the Members of both 
Houfcs of Parliament. On one fide is the effigy of the Queen, 
with the ufual infcriptioa, Anna D. G. &c. and on the other 
Britannia holding an olive-branch in the right hand and her 
fpear in the left; in the back ground, a plough at work, a man 
fowing, and the fea with {hips under fail. Round it this 
motto, Compojttis venerantur armis. In the exergue, 1713. 

VOL. 111. H h Prom 


From the Duke of Shrewsbury* 


Verfailles, March 8th> 1713. N.S, 
IN obedience to her Majefty's orders, re- 
ceived in your Lordfhip's letters of the I7th 
and 1 8th of February, O.S. I have adted, 
as the memorial *,. and the copy of the let- 

* '' P'our finir le Traits de Paix & de Commerce entre^la Grande 
Brttagm C5" la France. 

" LA Reine confent que ie mot Elefiricum fok omis r 
pourvu que fa ./lajefte Tres Chretienne donne une declara- 
tion, qu'elle'eft prete a reconnoitre la maifon d Ban over pour 
Eleftorale lorfque cet Ele&eur fera fa paix avec la France & 
1'Efpagne. La Reine croit que pour prevenir toutes ies dif- 
ferences qni pourroient naitre fur I'etendue & la liberte de pe- 
cher fur la cote d'Acadie. il {era neceflajre qu'une diitance 
precife foit nommee, c'ett pourquoi fa Majefte infifte fur la- 
fpecification <\e 30 lieues. S.. Majefte perfifte auia a refufer 
aux Francois la liberte de vendre leurs bona immobilia dans le& 
Pays cedes &: reftitues. 

" A la confideration de fa Majefte Tres Chretienne, la, 
Reine confent que dans Ies pays cedes ou reftitues, Ies habitans 
Catholiques Romains, qui ; emeureront fous le gouvernement 
tie la Reine, jouiront di: ii, re exercife de leur Religion, au- 
tant que Ies Lois & conftitutions du royaume (de la Grande 
Bretagne) le permettent. 

" COMMERCE. Article 5. 

*' In re autcm rdiglonh : La Reine s'entend que cette liberte 
foit re< iproque de part & d'autre. Sa Maisfte la laiife au 
choix du Roi, ou de le faire inferer ou del'omettre. In qua- 
cunque occajione : Sa Majefte confent que Ies autres points du 
commerce, qui reftent encore indecis, feront examines par deS' 
Commiflaires qui feront nommes de part & d'autre. 

41 Comme la Reine eft bien afliiree de la part du Roi de Por- 
tugal, que ce Prince eft dans le defTein de figner en meme-tems 
que fa Majefte, pourvu qu'il ait une fatisfaclion entiere fur le* 
points fuivans r rile infifte^ que la France & I'Efpagne s'enga- 


ter f written thereupon to Utrecht, which 
I fend you inclofed, will particularly explain ; 


geront a ne point inquleter les domaines, territoires, ni Ics fu- 
jers dii Roi de Portugal, foil en Europe ou dans les Indes, fous 
quelque prctexte quM puifle etre. Que les traites faits, par pro- 
vilion, avec le Roi de Portugal fcront convertis en trait6 d6- 
finitif, dans lequel fera auHi Itipule & accorde, que pour mieux 
affiirer aux Porrugais la paifible jouiflancede leurs colonies eii 
Amerique, les Francois defifteront de toute pretenfion a la li- 
berfe de navigation fur la rivitre dcs Amazons, & que le rivage 
de cette riviere, tant du cote feptentrional que meridional, ap- 
partiendra deformais aux Portugais. Comme aulli ils rentre- 
rent dans la poireffion des pays qu'ils etoient obliges de quit- 
ter en vertu du traite provifionel, pour en jouir des-a-prefecr, 
fans y etre en aucune maniere inquietes de la part des Francois. 
Que les limites entre les pofleffions des Portugais etablies, 
commc il eft ci-de(Tus enoncc, & celles que les Francois pour- 
roient avoir fur les rnemes cotes, feront reglees & dcterminccs 
de telle maniere que de prevenir tout fujet de difpute qui y 
puitfe naitre a l'aven!r. En confideration de ces articles ac- 
cordes, & de la fatisfaftion qut le Roi de Portugal pretend de 
la part de I'Efpagne, a 1'egard de la colonie du Sacrament, &: 
de ce qui refte i liquider entre ces deux couronnes fur quelques 
de;tes de 1'affiento, dont on ne difconvient pas, fa Majefte 
Portugaife d^fiffera de toute pretenfion a Tegard de la barricre 
fur quelques places qui foient fur le continent de I'Efpagne. 
Et la Keine deviendra garande des conditions de paix entre la 
Frace, I'Efpagne, & le Portugal. 


" Comme la Reine perlilte toujours dans la r6folution d'ef- 
feftuer tovit ce qui depend d'elle, en faveur de I'Elecleur de 
Baviere, felon ce qu'elle a promis de faire en confideration de 
fa Majefte Tres Chretiennc, outre les avantages dontce Prince 
doit jouir, en vertu de la proposition faitc le Jmc D6cembre, 
iyia, par le Comte de Strafford ; la Reine offre de nouvea*i, 
que le dit Ejefteur joviira de la fouverainete de Luxembourg 
jufqu'a ce qu'il aura fatisfaftion fur fes pr6tenfions a 1'^gard 
du traite d'Hmcrfheim, fous ces deux conditions : (i.) Que la 
decifion en foit rernife au ju^cment des arbitres dcfintereflfcs, 
& la Reine fouhaitant que cette afFairt foit termini an plu- 
tot & a 1'amiable, fe content d'dtre du nombre dcs arbitres. 
(2.) Que Luxembourg frra oblige de recevoir garnifon comme 
Charleroi & Namur. Voici tout ce que la Reine eft en 6tat 
H h a de 


in which I hope I have had the good for- 
tune to fucceed fo entirely, as that no ob- 


de propofer en faveur de cet Ele&eur, mais siil arrive dans 
le cours de la negociation, que 1'Empereur propofe quelque 
chofe de plus agreable a 1'Electeur, la M'ajefte y donnera tres 
volontiei's la main. 


** Comme la Reine a d.'ja confenti de renvover la difcuffion 
des quatre efpcces a la determination des Commifiaires apres 
la paix, fa Majefte entend que les Etats en feront de meme : 
les places de St. Amand & Mortagne demeureront a la France, 
a condition qu'a cette dernierc on ne falfe point d'eclufe ni de 
fortification ; &: comme la Reine s'eft evertuee a fatisfaire aux 
dernandes de la France, du cote de Tournay, elle s'aflure que 
de celui d'Ypres, on donnera une fatisfaftion mutuelle aux 
Etats-Genetaux. Voici tout ce qui refte pour achever le plan 
general de la paix ; & comme la Reine a fait tout ce qu'elle 
a pu, pour mencr ce grand ouvrage a fa derniere perfection, 
elle ne doute point que le Roi Tres Chretien n'en agifie de 
meme. C'eit avec beaucoup de fatisfsuTtion que la Reine s'ap- 
per^oit qr.e ce peu qui eft encore indecis, ne contient rien 
d'eflentiel ; elle fe perfuade que le Roi Tres Chretien fera aufli 
dans le meme fentiment, & qu'il prendra une refolution con- 
forme aux fouhaits de la Reine. La prudence confommee du 
Roi prevoit facilement que de la confequence de cette refo- 
lution dependent ces deux grandes alternatives, ou que la 
Reine d'une cote fera contrainte apres tous fes foins pour ac- 
celerer la paix, d'en parler a fon parlement comme d'un eve- 
nement incertain, & de demander a fes fujets les levees fuffi- 
fantes pour foutenir la guerre, en cas que les negociations de 
la paix ne fortiffent leur effct defire ; ou de 1'autre cote, qu'elle 
fera en pouvoir de declarer a fes peoples qu'elle fe trouve en 
etat de les foulager des dcpenfes neceflaires de la guerre, & 
qu'elle va figner la paix avec fa Majefte Tres Chretienne. On 
pourra a; outer qjue la Reine eft ii fortement perfuadce de la 
facilite qje ces propofitions trouveront aupres de fa Majefte 
Tres Chretienne, qu'elle a deja donne fes ordres particuliers 
a fes Pienipotentiaires a Utrecht de figner la paix immediate- 
ment apres que le Due de Shrewlbury les aura averti que 
tout fera ajufte ici de la maniere propofee. 
" A Verfailles, le 7me Mar?, 1715'. 

> (Endorfed) " Rfglemexi Ja prints indi^is^ accorde." 

t dp 


flruftions can remain to the concluding and 
figning the peace. 

I muft 

f Copy of tie Duke of Sbreuflu ry's letter to the Lords Pltnlpoten^ 

tiaries at Utrecht^ inctofed to Lord Bolingbroke. 

" Verfailles, March 7th, 1713. 

" UPON the directions which I received from the Queen of 
the 1 7th and i8ch of February, O.S. by which her Majefty 
explained her ultimate refolution on the points which remain- 
ed unsettled, in the general plan of peace, as well in relation 
to her own interefts, as to thofe of her allies, I have confer- 
red with Monfieur de Torcy, and for the help of his memory, 
as well as to avoid any miftake which may happen in a matter 
of fo great importance, I gave hini a paper, containing evejy 
point in which her Majefty demanded fatisfaftion ; a copy of 
which paper I fend to your Excellencies inclofed ; it is with 
great fatisfaclion that I go on to tell your Excellencies that 
Monfieur de Torcy having laid the whole before the King his 
mafter, his Majefty deliberated upon it this morning in coun- 
cil ; and has entirely agreed to every particular thereof, upon 
which I give vou the earlieft notice, as I am advifed from 
Lord Bolingbroke to do ; that in conforming to thofe orders 
and powers, which he tells me your Excellencies have re- 
ceived from him, you may without farther delay conclude 
and fign the treaties^ as well of peace as of commerce, between 
her Majefty and that Crown, as I prefume the Minifters of 
Portugal, Holland, and Savoy will do at the fame time ; be- 
tides thefe, your Excellencies will likewife invite the Plenipo- 
tentiaries of all the Princes engaged in the alliance to fign their 
refpedive treaties, acquainting then) with her Majefty's deter- 
mination ; and that (he has taken a provifional care that fuch 
of them as may not be ready to fign at the fame time as your 
Excellencies, ftiall have a term allowed them till the ift of June, 
N.S. for their coming in upon the plan as already agreed to at 
Utrecht, and the contents of the inclofed paper. 

" There are two points of which the King fpoke imme- 
diately to me, thinking, as he exprtfled it, that juftice was not 
done him upon them ; one, in regard to the bona immobilia in 
our own treaty, the other as to the navigation of the River of 
Amazons, which concerns Portugal. I do not trouble your 
Excellencies with the arguments of this Court uponthefe heads, 
becaufc you have had enough of them from the French Pleni- 
potentiaries, but upon the whole I am glad to tell you, that 
H h 3 rather 


I muft obferve to your lordfhip, that while 
the French fiibmit the article of the immo- 
bilia to her Majefty's determination, they are 
fo fully convinced of the juftice of their 
pretenfions, that they feem not to doubt, but 
that her Majefty's equity will redrefs them 
before the article comes to be ratified; I 
fend you the -inclofed papers \ which I re- 

that the peace fhould be longer delayed, this King confents 
they fliall be fubmitted to the Queen; referving to himftif the 
liberty of laying before her Majefty the juftice of thefe pre- 
tenfions, that in cafe flie may think fit to recede in any part 
from what he efteems rigorous in thefe two articles, they may 
be explained or altered between the fignirg and the ratifying 
of the j,eace, which being now brought fo near to its conclu- 
iion gives me a new occaiion of congratulating your Excel- 
lencies upon it. 

'* I cannot conclude this fubjecr. without mentioning what 
has been ju ft recommended to me, by order of his moft Chri- 
itian Majefty, in behalf of the Prince of E inoy, as mentioned 
in the inclofed memorial, of which you will hear more parti- 
cularly from the French Plenipotentiaries the juftice of his 
caufe, and your Excellencies' wiilingnefs to aflift a great fa- 
mily opprefled in this long procefs, will be fufficient argu- 
ments for your ufing your kind interpofition in their behalf: 
this having made r.w difficulty, as to all the acls mentioned in 
your Excellencies' letter of the i ft inftant, Monfieur de Torcy 
tells me that he, by this courier, fends orders to the French 
Plenipotentiaries to fign them, and I fliall immediately dif- 
patch a meflenger with the packet from Count Sinzendorf to 
Marefchal Staremberg, in a letter to Sir John Jennings, toge- 
ther with the attefted copies of the two letters from the Earl of 
Dartmouth to that Admiral. J am, &c. 


\ Memoire de Monjieur de Torcy y touckant les bona immobilia. 

*' IL eft ordinaire dans les traites, meme dans les capitula- 
tions de places, de laifler aux habitans des lieux qui chargu t 



ccivc from Mpnfieur de Torcy on that head, 
and I fuppofe you will have the fame from 
the Duke d'Aumont. 

I hope 

de maitres la libcrte de fortir,de tranfporterailleurslenrs effets 
de difpofer de leurs biens, & de Us vendre, foil meuble. foil 
immeubles; le iraite de paix que le Roi fait avec i:; Reine de 
la Grande Bretagne, ayant pour but principal d'etabl r jue 
union parfaite entre les deux nations, ne doit pas contenir * 
1'egard des Francois des claufes plus rigoureufes que ceiies des 
traitcs ordinaires. 

" On veuc cependent retrancher aux habitansdes lieox, que 
le Roi laifle a 1 Ang'erene, la meme fauiltfc qui tit atcordee 
dans tous les trails, & dont on peut rapporrer une pretive 
part'cnliere en citant I 'article nme du tra r rc de Breda; le Roi 
d'Angleterre, Charles Second, cJdant 1'Acadie a .a Fran.;-, fe 
Kfei vc, pour les habitans du pays qui voudroient en fortir, la 
liberte eritie"t <le \endre & de difpoler, conime il Icur plairult, 
de tous leurs biens. meuhles & immeubles, Sc gcneralement 
de tous leurs efFefi. Le Roi ne pretend aujourd'hui que le 
rcc : rc r :ede ce qu'il a fait en 1667, a 1'egard dc i'Angleteree, 
& ia proposition dc fa Majeite en -I'autaMt plus jufte qu'il pa- 
roit cuii'.raire a fon cquite nulli-hitn qu'a celie de la Reine de 
la Grande Bretagne, de tranliger du bien des particulier', & 
d'en priver far.s caufe ceux qui en font p; (Tef eurs .t- 
Cetrc v rite eft (i conllante, que M^ffieurs ie.s P!C':J 
tiair^s de la Grande Brt a^jie a Utrecht ivoient toujoins fait 
une diftin<fcion des lieux qui feroient c.; d .-s, & c;e ceux qui fe- 
roient reftitues p! la France; U- avnu-.'t conipris I'i'.t t. 
Chriftoph- & 1'Acadie fous le :iom de lieux cedes & par 
raifonil convenoient que d.tns 1'unc & dans I'aut.e !es France. is 
auroient ia libertc de veiuirc leurs immeubitv Mellicurs les 
Plcniijotentiaires de la Grande Bretagne refuibient cette meme 
liberte dans :cs lieux reirituts, favoir la Baie d'lludfon & 1'Ifle 
<le Terreiifuve. 

*' Le Roi confentdfr a laiirt- aux C,>mmiflaircs, qui feront 
nomrnts apn* le paix, l';.utorit(' de retablir, dans les biens 1111- 
nieiUjles dela B. led'Hudfon, les Anglois, qui feroient voir, ai- 
des litres valables qu'ns en ctoient ou piopr'a-ti-iires, ou ne- 
ritifrs de ceux qui avo'rnt poCeccs cc 'LUIS. <v'uant ccux 
de 1'Kle de Ttrreneuve, fa Majtflc prctendoit que la ville de ayant < it batic par le$ Francois, les maifons de cette 
ville, & les terres ckfrichees au-our ctoieut des immeubles 
H h 4 qui 


I hope I have made a right ufe of the 
power I had in relation to Bailleul *, when 
I tell you, that the yielding it proved the 
greateft means towards the facilitating the 
whole, except the argument I ufed, accord- 

qui n'avoient jamais apartenu aux Anglois, par confequent 
que les habitans devoient avoir une entiere liberte d'en difr 
pofer. Cette faculte refervee dans tous les traites ne fait aucim 
prejudice a la fouverainere des Princes a qui les lieux font 
ced6s, elle aflure feulement I'int6rct des particuliers ; & comme 
il eft de la juftice de laifler a ceux qui n'ont commis aucun 
crime la libre difpofition de leurs biens, le Roi, perfuade de 
1'equite de la Reine de la Grande Bretagne, remet cette quef- 
tion a la decifion de cette Princefle. Sa Majefte ne veut pas 
cependant qu'une pareille difficulte arrete la conclufion de la 
paix ; elle ordonne a fes Plenipotentiaires de la figner, & de 
laifler fubfifter 1'article 14 tel qu'il eft drefle par Meflieurs lei 
Plenipotentiaires de la Grande Bretagne, comptant que fi la 
Reine juge a propos de le changer & de le faire drefier con- 
formement a Farticle 1 1 du traite de Breda, ce changement fe 
fera lorfque le trait6 fera ratifie. 

" Article 1 1 du Traite de Breda. 

" Si quelques-uns des habitans du pays appeliel'Acadie pre- 
ferent de fe foumettre pour 1'avenir u la dotnination du Roi 
d'Angleterre, ils auront la liberte d'en fortir pendant 1'efpace 
d'un an, a compter du jour que la reftitution de ce pays fera 
faite, & de vendre & aliener leurs fonds, champs & terres, 
cfcl^ves, & en general tous leurs biens meubles & immeubles, 
ou en difpofer amrement a leur difcretion & volont6, & ceux 
qui auront contrafte avec eux, feront tenus &? obliges, par 1'au- 
torite du fereniflime Roi Tres Chretienne, d'accomplir & d'ex- 
ecuter leurs paclions & conventions ; que s'ils aiment rnieux 
emporteravec eux, leur argent comptant, meubles, uftenllls, & 
emmener leurs efclaves, & generalement tous leurs biens 
meubles, ils le pourront faire entiertment fans aticun em- 
pechement ou trouble." 

* Les Etats-Generaux ayant demande Poperingue & Bail- 
leul, comme dependnns & appartenens a Ipres, le Due de 
Shrewsbury felon les ordres de la Reine, & le Marquis de 
Torcy par ceux de fa Majefte Tres Chretienne, font d'accord 
que Bailleul demeure a la France, & que Poperingue foit ced 
en faveur des Hollanders. 



ing to your direction, that, in cafe they com- 
plied in the manner they have done, our 
Plenipotentiaries had orders without farther 
delay to fign, and her Majefty would open 
the Parliament, by telling them, (he had 
made peace with France. 

The Marquis de Torcy received yefterday 
the news of the King of Pruflia being dead. 
I am, &c. 


P.S. Mr. Gilligan writ fome time fince 
to Mr. Prior, concerning a fum to be ad- 
jufted and paid, in lieu of the remaining 
number of Negroes, which the French Com- 
pany think they have a right to tranfport for 
two years to come, and by virtue of their 
afliento contract with the Spaniards ; of this 
Mr. Prior has writ again to Mr. Gilligan . 
and we defire particularly to know, if it be 
underftood, that we mail pay this dedom- 
magement, as the fum may be agreed to, 
and accordingly I mall fpeak of it more di- 
ftinftly to the Minifters here. 



From the Duke of Shrew/bury*. 


Vcrfailles, March 8th, 1713, O.S. 
I HOPE the latl commands I have had 
from the Queen by your Lordihip have been 
obeyed with fuccels, and that it is now in 
her Majefty's power to declare her peace is 
made 5 you cannot conceive the difficulties 
we have had to get all your American ar- 
ticles agreed to without alteration; the King 
told me he was ufed very hardly in that of 
the bona immobilia, that he was confident the 
Queen and her Minifters were not rightly 
apprized of the cafe; but, however, he would 
fuhmit it entirely to her Majefry, lay the 
ftate of the cafe before her, and depend up- 
on her juftice. 

1 own freely I have never been able to ar- 
gue this point well, though I have gained it, 
becaufe either I do not understand it, or if 
I do, I incline to think, we are in the wrong, 
the conftant practice, according to my ob- 
iervation, being againft us ; but I will fay 
no more upon this fnbje<5t, for, right or 


wrong, it was fubmitted to her Majefty, 
which is all that can be afked. 

I cannot conclude this letter without tell- 
ing your Lordfhip that Mr. Prior has been 
to the laft degree ufeful to me, and fervice- 
able to her Majefty in all this negociation: I 
wilh you would write and encourage him. 
When I make my entry, it will look ftrange 
if he have not fome fort of handfome equi- 
page to appear at the fame time ; as he lives, 
he foends a great deal of money, and yet 
makes no fhow, for want of a fund to buy 
Ibmething at firft that is creditable; pray 
put Lord Treafurer in mind of him, and 
pardon this unnecetfary additional trouble 
from, my Lord, &c. 


P.S. I muft not omit faying, that I think 
this King's health is very good for a man of 
his age, and the Dauphin grows ftronger 
every day. 

To the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Whitehall, March 30!, 1713. 

THE mcflenger whom your Grace dif- 
patched, and who arrived here on Saturday 



laft, returns with moil fincere congratu- 
lations upon that happy fuccefs which you 
have had, and which might reafonably be 
expecled when the management of the ne- 
gociation was in the Duke of Shrewfbury's 

By one of the Queen's mefiengers, who 
arrived yefterday from Utrecht, I find that 
my brother got thither very early on Sa- 
turday morning; fo that my Lords the Ple- 
nipotentiaries did probably receive their full 
powers and ultimate inftruclions, as foon as 
they could know from your Grace, that they 
were to ufe one, and put the other in 

Her Majefty thought fit, as foon as your 
Grace's letters of the 8th arrived, to order 
me to- renew her commands to the Bifhop 
of Briftol and to the Earl of Strafford; and 
within three hours after I received your 
Grace's packet, 1 difpatched another cou- 
rier to Holland, with the cleared and molt 
peremptory fignifications of the Queen's 
pleafure, which I am able to draw. Thus 
therefore, my Lord, one part of that pro- 
mife which your Grace judges to have prov- 
ed the greateft means towards facilitating 
S the 


the whole, has been, as far as lies in the 
Queen's power, accompliihed, and her Pleni- 
potentiaries have had orders, without farther 
delay, to fign. The other part, that her Ma- 
jefty would open the Parliament by telling 
them fhe had made peace with France, 
would have been performed this day, could 
the Queen have refolved to have opened the 
Seffion by commiffion *, or had there not 
been too much danger of a relapfe if (he had 
ventured in peribn to Weftminfter, Her 
ftate of health is, God be praifed ! extremely 
good; but as the gout has not entirely fpent 
itfelf, the leaft cold might have expofed her 
Majefty to an illnefs, and her long confine- 
ment to a very warm apartment, made her 
apprehenfive of this confequence. This, my 
Lord, is the true and only reafon why fhe 
determined yefterday to put off the Parlia- 
ment till this day fcven-night, though when 
I told you 1001, 294, 267, 394, 482, 816, 
381, fo to-day 454 feemed too wife to be- 
lieve me. 

* Bolingbroke was of opinion that the Parliament fliould 
fit I they had prorogued it feveral times, and were not then 
certain that the peace would be figned in time for the meeting ; 
therefore they were no forwarder than at the firrt prorogation, 
and many were the grumblers, and great the fufpenle of tl 



The Queen has begun to take the air, fhe 
will continue to do fo, whenever the weather 
is in the leaftiavourable, and I make no doubt 
but on the roth fhe will, without any riik to 
her health, carry the glad tidings of peace to 
her two Houfes. 

The Duke d'Aumont has juft put a pretty 
long memorial into my hands, which confifts 
of three parts ; communications of the points 
agreed to, whereon nothing need be fa id to 
your Grace ; arguments againft our demand 
of the bona immobilla^ and reprefentations 
concerning the dangerous fituation of the 
King of Sweden's affairs : on the firft ofthefe 
two laft articles, I have little to fay, no anfwer 
being yet returned to me, from thofe to 
whom the confideration of this matter is by 
her Majefty referred. In general, I may tell 
your Grace, and your Grace may tell Mon- 
iieur de Torcy, that the Queen will readily 
do whatfoever ihall appear equitable and juil 
towards the foftening of this demand. 

The laft proportion is a matter of very 
great intricacy; the Queen fees very well what 
the drift 49.2, 670, 303, 508, 347, 282, 320, 
is in preiTing her fo warmly upon it ; and 
their zeal on this occafion will infpire none 



to her Majefty ; but there are motives of an^ 
other nature which will occur to your Grace, 
and which there is no need of my fuggeft- 
ing, to induce her Majefty to exert herfelf 
in another manner than fhe has hitherto been 
able to do in the affairs of the North. 

I am at this time employed, with the 
afiiftance of Mr. Whitworth, in forming a 
memorial, wherein the true ftate of the 
Queen's engagements, and of the fteps taken 
by the parties in the Northern war, will 
appear. The former of thefe were entered 
into moftly to ferve the turns of the laft war, 
and are accordingly inconfifi'.at with, and 
even repugnant to each other. But I hope 
fome obfervations which are to be made upon 1 
thefe, and the whole tenour of the latter, will 
enable us to mow that the Queen is at full 
liberty to act as a common friend in northern- 
affairs. Your Grace, however, fees, that 
till this ftate is formed, and till her Maje- 
fty 's refolutions are thereupon taken, no 
particular meafure can be declared for. We* 
might otherwife engage ourfelves anew into 
fuch a labyrinth as we are endeavouring to 
get out of. 

la the mean time, it may not be impro- 


480 , 1ETTERS AND 

per for your Grace to fay to Monfieur de 
Cronftroom *, who will certainly folicit you 
upon this head, and even to the Minifters 
of France, that her Majefty has given orders 
for a very ftrong fquadron to be got ready, 
which will, in a fhort time, be abletoadt in the 
Baltic. The, iiiclofed papers-j- which I have the 


* The Swedifti Minifier, at Paris. 

f Qbfefuations on the fixtb and tbirty-fecontt articles of tie 
Jljfiento Contract* 

" Sixth article. As the faid Company have reafon to fear, 
that in cafe of war they may be interrupted or impeded in 
the importation of the faid negroes, and that they expofe them- 
felves to an evident danger of loling their fhips andloading, 
his Catholic Majefty declares, that during the continuance' 
of the war, the faid Company fhall not be obliged to import 
more than 3000 negroes, pieces of India, each year ; and his 
Majefty leaving the faid Company a latitude of importing 
the remaining 1800, to make the complement 4800, the<( have 
a liberty to import yearly in the following years ; and if, by 
any other accident, they cannot furnifli the faid number of 
3000 negroes yearly, they fhall likewife have liberty to im- 
port them in the following years, making good the numbers 
they wanted to complete ; but the faid Company fhall, never- 
thelefs, be obliged to pay to his Catholic Majefty the fum of 
300,000 livres Tournois for the duties of the faid 3000 negroes, 
pieces of India, every fix months, or half-yearly payments, 
for each year, during the continuance of the war, whether 
they furnilh them or not ; and if they do furnifh above the faid 
3060 negroes, pieces of India, they (hall pay the duties for the 
overplus in the manner above explained."- 

And in the margin of the faid Jixth article is written " I 
add, that if, during the ten years the treaty is to continue, the 
war fhall not ceafe, and that' it fhall hinder the faid Company 
to furniflj the faid quantity of negroes they are obliged to by 
the prefent treaty, they fhall, notwithftanding, be obliged to 



honour to tranfmit to your Grace, contain 
the beil, and indeed the only anfwer which I 


pay entirely the duties to his Majefty ; but they fliall have the 
liberty to fulfil their contract during the three years that his 
Majefty gives them to regulate and determine their accounts, 
and to withdraw all the effect* that belong to them, without 
their being obliged to pay any other duties whatfoever." 

" Thirty-fecond article. The faid treaty being rimmed 
and accomplifhed, his Catholic Majefty grants to the faid 
Company the term of three years, for fettling all their ac- 
counts, withdrawing their effects from the faid Indies, and ren- 
dering to his faid Majefty his final account; and during 
the faid three years, the faid Company, their Agents, and 
Commiflaries, fliall enjoy the fame privileges and franchifes 
which are granted them during the term of the prefent treat)-, 
for the free entrance of their veflels into all the ports of Ame- 
rica, and to withdraw their effects without their being liable 
to any charge or reftriction whatfoever." 

" By the $zd article. The French Guinea Company have 
three years given them after the expiration of their contract, 
for fettling all their accounts, withdrawing their effects, and 
rendering to his Catholic Majefty his final account; with free 
liberty of entering the ports of America, for withdrawing 
their effefts, which does not give them a power of introduc- 
ing negroes, during thefe three years. 

" But in regard of the refervation added to the fixth article, 
they are equitably entitled to import, during the three years, 
what was wanting of the numbers of 4800 negroes yearly. 

* Yet in adjufting this, many difficulties will lie on the 
French Company : 

'* i ft, The deficiency of the numbers muft appear by au- 
thentic certificates from all the ports of the Spanifli Weft 
Indies. * 

" zdly, One year of the three is almoft expired. 

" 3dly, Without carrying of negroes, the fending of (hips 
to withdraw the effects only, will not defray the charge. 

" It feems juft to the concerned, that her Britannic Ma- 
jefty doth agree with the Kings of France and Spain, and 
the Guinea Company of France, that upon authentic proofs 
of the value of their effects abroad, and proper authorities 
given for recovery thereof, her Majefty do anfwer the adjufted 
value in Europe. 

* In like manner, as to the defi cient negroes to complete 
Voi. III. I i the 


can give to the difficulty Mr. Gilligan wrote 
fome time fmce to Mr. Prior about. Your 
Grace will therefore pleafe to let Mr. Prior 
forward the fame to this gentleman, and to 
(peak accordingly to the Minifters wherd 
you are. I take it for granted the French do 
not think of failing any more to the Spanifh 
Weft Indies, under pretence of fetching the 
effecls away which belong to the Guinea 
Company, fince we agreed long ago to take 
off this difficulty . by purchafing them at a 
reafonable valuation. 

Your Grace will receive herewith the co- 
py * of a difpatch which the Plenipoten- 

the contract, That the reafonable profit, all charges and rifque 
confidered, ufually made in the Spanifh Weft Indies be ad- 
jufted and anfwered by her Majefty ; regard being had to the 
duties already anfwered by his Catholic Majefty, by the Com- 
pany. And the power of introducing the deficient number 
being transferred to her Majefty, to avoid the clafhing and 
interfering of the old and new aiiiento, which otherwife will 
turn to the prejudice of both. 

" I fubmit whether it would not be of fervice, what the 
Duke of Shrewlbury forwards a copy of this difpatck to Mr 


*' AYAJJT travaillc tous ces jours avec Meflieurs les Pleni- 
potentiaires de France, pour drefTer les articles du traitfe" de paix 
A faire entrc fa Majefte Tres Chretienne & fon Altefle Royale, 
nous avons rencontrg de leur part des difficnltes eflentielleit 
auxquelles nous ne nous attentions pas, & n'avions aucun 
fujet de nous attendre. 

" t. Us refufent de mettre dans k traite, que fon AltefTr 



tiaries of the Duke of Savoy fent me; the 
difficulties therein mentioned are fuch as I 


Royale pourra prendre la po/Teffion de Vigevinafco, en cas 
qu'entre ici & la paix fa Majefte Imperialc n*aie pas donne a 
ion Altefle Royale la reelle polfeflion de l'quivalent. 

" *. Us refufent conftamment de reconnoitre ce droit de la 
Maifon de Savoye, immcdiatement aprcs celle d'Autrichc, a la 
fuccefiion des etats de la Monarchic d'Efpagne, qui tomberont 
par cette paix en partage a 1'Empereur. 

" 3. Us pretendent avec infiftence, que fon Altefle Royale 
ne pourra point fortifier dans les vallces & lieux que le Roi Trcs 
Chretien offre de donner en echange de la principautfi de 
Barct-lonette que le Roi demande; & qu'il fera feulcment per- 
mis a fon Altefle Royale de fortifier Exilles Sc Feneftrelks, & 
la Vallee de Pragelas. 

44 Par rapport au premier point, KOUS favcz, my Lord, 
que par les reiterecs aflurances, que fa Majefte la Re'ine a eu 
la bonte de faire donner a fon Altefle Royale, & par la ma- 
nicre dont fa Majefte s'eft toujours expliquee avec la France, 
les ceflions portees par le trait6 de 1703, entre fa Mnjeft6 
Imperiale & fon Altefle Royale doivent a la paix fortir leur 
plein & entier eftet, comme it eft porte par le traite d'alliance 
entre la Reine & fon Altefle Royale ; vous favez qu'il n' 
tenu & qu'il ne tient, qu'a 1'Empercur de donner l'6qnivalent 
du Vigevinafco d'une maniere tres avantagcufe pour fes inte- 
rets, en acceptant la proportion du marquifat de Final, Sc 
en remettant a fon Altefle Royale. 

" Vous comprenez aifement, que les ceflions portees par le 
traitf- de 1703, ne forteroient plus leur plein &: entier efiet a la 
paix, ft apres qu'entre ici & ce tems-lsi 1'Empereur auroit re- 
fufer toutes les propofitions a lui avantageufes pour donner un 
Equivalent, il n'ctoit pas lifi a donnar Vigevinafco meme, Sc 
fon Altefle Royale etant de nouvcau renvoy6 a un equivalent 
indcfini, n'auroit plus I'entiere execution de fon traii6 dan* le 
tt-nis port6 par le traite meme, & la cour de Vienne viendroit 
a fon but d 'avoir la paix fans exccutcr le trait6. Sur le fccond 
point vous aurez la bont6, my Lord, de vous fouvenir que la 
fucceflion de la maifon de Savoye, immecliatement apnis cellc 
d'Autriche, aux *tats de la Monarchic d'Efpagne, qui par la 
prochaine paix rclteiont a 1'Empercur, a toujourset6 confideree 
par la Reine comme le point le plus eHentiel a la juftice dQe 
au traite d'alliance, que fon Altefle Royale a avec fa Majefte, 
& aux precautions ntceflaires poxur la dutdc dc la paix, 1'equi- 
I i a, JiW 

484 LfeTTfiRS AND 

fhould hope could not retard the great work 
'of peace. In two of them, France feems to 


litre en Europe; aufii dans fon traite fa Majeftc a trouve bon 
de s'y engager comme pour fait propre, & dans le cours de Cdte 
negotiation, elle a eu la bonte de faire aflurer fon Altefic 
Royale par moi, Comte Maffei, & par moi, Comte Mellarede, 
que dans les traites de paix ce droit de fucceflion feroit main- 
tenu & reconnu. 

" C'eft en fuite de ces fentimens & aflurances de la Reine, 
que moi, Comte Mellarede dans les points que j'eus 1'hon- 
neur de vous remettre, my Lord, &: fous 1'article des Garanties 
pour iefquelles dans les traites de la prochaine pr.ix, le Roi 
Tres Chretien doit s'unir a fa Majefte, j'ai marque la garantic 
pour ce droit de fucceflion, & la demande fut trouvte raifon* 
nable par les Seigneurs du Confeil. 

" Meffieurs les Plenir otentiaires de France difent, qu'ils ne 
peuvent pas reconnoitre le teftament de Philippe IV, qui eft 
oppofee &: deftruftif de celui de Charles II. Cette ditficulte 
eft d'abord aplanie par I'offre, que nous faifons de nous con- 
tenter que dans le traite de paix, i! ne foit point parle du dit 
teftament de Philippe IV, mais feulement qu'il foit dit que la 
maifon de Savoye.fuccedera imrnediatement apres celle d'Au- 

**- Pour ce qui regarde le troifieme point, il eft de fait qoe 
lorfque le Roi Tres Chretien a fait propofer a my Lord Due 
de Shrewfbury & enfuite a nous ici, 1'echange de la Vallee de 
Barcelonette, *il en a fait faire la propofition, fans aucune re- 
ftriftion ni condition cnereufe, comme vous faurez, my Lord, 
auffi-bien que nous; ce feroit done unenouvaute que de vou- 
loir impofer unetelle condition, qui enboropt contre les regies 
naturelles I'autor3t6 fouveraine, ne convient point aux pays 
que 1'on cede en fouverainte, furtout, lorfque 1'oa demande en 
echange des pays fuperieurs en valeur, & qui a'ont point une 
fuperiorite limitee. 

" Ajoutez, nous vous en prions, a cela, que les vallees que 
fon Altefle Royaie demande, font des vallees jugees par la 
Heine necefTaire comme en effet elles le font, pour cette furete 
du Piemont, que le.Roi Tres Chretien a promis a la Reine, 
& la Reine a fon AlteiTe Royale; or la partie la plus eiTentielle 
de la furete, furtcut vers une puiflance fuperieure, confifte a 
etre en etat de fortifier felon que les occalions 1'exigent, & par 
confequent ce n'eft plus. la meme furete, fi cette partie fi eflen- 
tielle y manque, furtout s'agiflant que les Alpes feparant ces 



"have no concern at all, and in the third, no 
very juft reaton to be ftifF. ' The Emperor 
is to give his Royal Highnefs an equivalent 
for the Vigevanafco, to which he has never 
fhown much inclination, and after the con- 
duct which the Duke of Savoy has obfervcd 
in the negociation of peace, he will probably 
ihow lefs than ever, Why, therefore, mould 
France refufe to ftipulate, as the Queen will 
do, that either this equivalent mall be given 
before the peace, or that his Royal High- 
nefs mall be at liberty to take pofTeflion of 

vallees d'avec la France. Les fortifications qui font neceflaires 
pour la dcfenfive, ne peuvent jamais fervir pour 1'offenfive, &c 
ne fauroient donner aucune jufte alarme. Son Altefle Royale ne 
peut pas douter de la bonte, de la juftice, & de 1'appui efficacc 
de la Heine dans les points fi efTentiels, & c'eft ce qui nous ob- 
lige, my Lord, afupplier tres humblement fa Majefte par votre 
canal, de vouloir avoir la bonte d'envoyer fes ordres a my 
Lord Due de Shrewfoury, a Paris, & a Meflieurs fes Plenipo- 
tentiaires ici, afin, que les articles du trait6 de paix a faife 
entre le Roi Tres Chretien & fon Altefle Royale & dans les 
fufdits points foient, fans plus de difficulte, arretes par la Cour 
de France, fuivant ks juftes fentimens & intentions dc fa 

" Meflieurs les Plenipotentiaires de France depechent ce foir 
ou demain, un courier a leur Cour, avec le projet de notre trait6 
a faire, & il feroit tres utile fi my Lord Due de Shrewfbury 
pouvoit reeevoir fes ordres, & les executer avant que le dit 
courier de France futrenvny6 ici ; d'autant plu-, que Meflieurs 
les Plenipotentiaires de France fe font cxpliqucs, que ce points 
devant etre decides par le Roi, Monfieur le Due de Shrewlbury 
devoit lui en parler. Nous avons I'honneur d'etre, avcc beau- 
coup de refped, my Lord, votre humble, Sec. 

Le Comte MAFFEI, 

Utrecht, ce 7me Mars, 1713. MEI.IARIDI. 

Ii the 


the pro v -;rr" of Vigevanafco itfelf. France 
has already cornered to the fubftitution of 
the right of the Hou, ~f Savoy to S^ain 
and the WUt Indies, after chc P. ilppinc 
]i;;e ; th s done, it is not a little odd to hear 
the .French Mimfters object to the fubftitu- 
<tion of the fame perfon's right to the dif- 
HiLinbered parts of the Spaniih monarchy, 
after the Auftrian line. Will they pay a 
greater compliment to an Auftrian than a 
Bourbon Prince, or do their politics tend 
to leave no profpect of ever reuniting the 
Spanifh dominions r 

When the article was under debate, fbme 
time ago, of allowing to the Duke of Sa- 
voy, notwithstanding the treaty of Turin, a 
liberty to fortify ; the King of France ob- 
jected only to the exerciie of this liberty, in 
the cafe of Pi.;nerol. His Royal Highnefs 
acquiefced under this exception, and we did 
not expeft to have the fame farther ex- 
tended. France has, on one fide of the Mont 
Genevre, Brian9on ; why Savoy fhould not 
fortify on the other, is hard to imagine, and 
If, the difference about the equivalent for the 
barrier being over, this difpute is to fucceed, 
there will be no end of treating. But I afk 



pardon for faying fo much to your Grace, 
upon a matter which is, perhaps, at this 
time decided. I am, &c. 


To the Duke of Shrewsbury. 

Whitehall, March 3rd, 1712-13. 

I PROPOSED diipatching this courier, 
and my Lord Dartmouth agreed with me, 
not only that we might acknowledge the re- 
ceipt of your Grace's letters of the 8th, 
N.S. but that we might like wife acquaint 
you with the true reafon, lince feveral falfe 
ones will to be fure be given, why the Queen 
does not open the Parliament this day, as 
fhe intended to have done. 

On Sunday morning the Duke d'Aumont 
,came to fee me, and communicated to me a 
memorial, of which I gave your Grace an 
account in the other letter. He let him- 
felf in immediately to complain that he had 
been mifreprefented at his own Court. 
Among a multitude of words, the only clear 
propofitions I could underftand were thefe : 
That he doubted the Duke of Shrewsbury 
I i 4 and 


and Mr. Prior had made him pafs for one 
who took his information from the refugees, 
and who was ill with the Tfreafurer and your 
fervant. I could not forbear telling him, 
that thefe were indeed very fhrong obje6lions 
to his conduct, and fuch as I hoped and be- 
lieved he would never give occafion for, as 
I was fure he would never have any reafon 
to complain of the two perfons laft named. 
That our country was hard to be known, 
and that indeed a ftranger, who took it into 
his head to beat out new ways, run a great 
rtfque de s'egarer. That I was aflured your 
Grace and Mr. Prior too, had done him all 
imaginable juftice, and that thefe reports 
were fo eafily deftroyed, that -he need give 
himfelf no farther concern about them. 

J confefs to your Grace, I was very well 
pleafed with this converfation, becaufe it 
gives me hopes that he will take warning, 
and not explore new tracls, inftead of walk*- 
ing on in thofe, which hitherto have carried 
us on fuccefsfully enough. 

I think the Whigs leem to give up the 
fuccefs of this feffion. Their principal heroes 
are gone the circuit ; Notthingam is pelted 
from all quarters. I cannot help faying, in 



the fullnefs of my foul, to your Grace, that 
if we do not eftaUim ourfcivcs, and the true 
intereftof our country, it is the Queen's and 
Treafurer's fault. The clamour of Jaco- 
bitiim feems to be the only refource of our 
enemies, and I am forry to tell you, that 
the Duke of Argyle gives too affectedly into 
that poor artifice. 

You fee, my Lord, how far the plea- 
fure of correfponding with your Grace car- 
ries me, and how impertinent your indul- 
gence renders me. 

Private as well as public letters, by the 
fame courier ; and a multitude of cypher, 
properly or improperly ufed, will, I doubt, 
give you a furfeit of him who is, 

My Lord, your Grace's, &c. 

To Mr. Breton. 

Whitehall, March 6th, 1712-13. 

I ENTER into all the uneafinefs which 
you feel, and which you forefee at the Court 
where you are. The Queen does fo too, 
and I will anfwer that you fhall be matter 
of {laying or being recalled, as you think 
moft agreeable to your intereft and to your 



inclination. But let me conjure you to fee 
how the new King fets out*: if he takes a 
good pli, have your {hare of merit ; if he 
takes a bad one, 'let that be the reaibn of 
your leaving Berlin. As to your rank, and 
as to other croffes which you have had, and 
which my feeble intereft has not been able 
to prevent, I can only fay, that I will be 
the firfl to advife you to come back, to fell, 
or retire, if they are not removed or repaid. 
But I have bore very fevere trials of the fame 
nature, and am thoroughly convinced that in 
the chafe of fortune, and a life of bufmefs, 
a man muft go through bad as merrily as 
through good way to arrive at his journey's 

Mr. Whitworth tells me, he has writ to 
you *, if I have not done it fooner, you muft 
excufe me on account of the ftrange, and I 
believe unprecedented itate that I have lived 
in for fome time. It would appear arFecled 
to fpeak of it now ; fome time or other I 

* Frederick, the late King, was the firft who was acknow- 
ledged as iuch. He laid the foundation of that military power 
suiti discipline, which, to the fucceeding monarchs, were fo 
highly beneficial; but, for his greater renown, it is record- 
ed, that he was a good Prince, and the laft action, of his life, 
was the dictating a letter to his Miniiter, Count Ilgen, in fa- 
vour of the Proteftant fuifrrers in France. 



hope we lhall. Adieu. I am, with a faithful 
and fmcere heart, dear Willy, 

Your's, &c. 

To the Earl of Orrery. 

Whitehall, March 6th, 1 7 1 a - 1 3. 

WE hope every day to receive the peace 
figned, and probably before this letter can 
reach your hands, you will have heard that 
it is fo. 

I know your Lordfhip's concern for the 
length and fufpenfe of the negociation. I 
muft therefore be ienfible of the pleafure 
with which you will hear that it is con- 

The Queen's health is, God be praifed ! 
very good ; but the gout not having entirely 
fpent itfelf, her Majefry thought fit to defer 
till Tuefday next, to open the Parliament 
for fear of cold, which might have repelled 
the humour. 

I cannot forefee, befides the clamour of 
Jacobitifm, and of the danger of Popery, 
which, except a few old women, nobody is 
in earneft about, any theme for Lord Not- 


tingham's eloquence to dilplay itfelf upon ; 
and I think the feffion will be quiet and 
mort. The peace made, and the nation 
fettled on this new bottom, I hope we mall 
feel the good effects of a new fcene of affairs 
at Court. Till then we. are referred; till 
then, perhaps, it is reafonable to refer us. 
. As to your Lardfhip's private affairs, I 
have not been unmindful of them, but as I 
make it a rule to fay nothing to my friends, 
when I have not a certain anfwer to give, 
your Lordmip muft excufe me if I am at 
prefent filent on this head. I think you will 
very foon be at liberty to come over, and in 
the mean time, I will employ your proxy as 
I judge your Lordmip would do your own 
vote. I am, &c. 

To the Earl of Sir afford. 

Whitehall, March iQth, 1712-13. 

I CANNOT forbear troubling your Lord- 
fhip with a private letter, though you mufr. 
be at this time in a greater hurry than ever. 

It is, I think, neceffary that your Lord- 
ihip mould know the prefent ftate of things 



at home in fo critical a conjuncture ; and I 
believe you will be of opinion that they 
muft, to a certain degree, be refpe&ed in 
all governments, more efpecially in a go- 
vernment like ours. The making of the 
peace, my Lord, will vex none but thole 
who are vexed already, and of whom I hope 
the refolution is taken ' of never flriving to 
pleafe ; befides which it is to be confidered, 
that as the conclution of your work will ex- 
afperate, fo it will difarm and difpirit. 

On the other hand, the long fufpence of 
the treaty gives, hopes to this faction, and 
confequently increafes their clamour, and 
whets their rage ; whilfl thofe who wifh 
well to their country, and who, thanks be 
to God ! are a vail majority in every part 
of the kingdom, grow tired with expecta- 
tion, and uneafy under the delay. 

If all the parties concerned are ready at 
once to fign, that, to be fure, is moil eli- 
gible. But if the Queen's peace is ma : de, 
and the terms for her allies afcertained, you 
will find the fenfe of the nation to be, that 
we have flayed long enough, and that it 
was time to reiblve to flay no longer. Upon 
the whole matter, we fhould ward againft 



the objections of your friends, our enemies 
will never want any. 

I flatter myfelf that thefe lad orders and 
powers will remove all difficulties, and difli- 
pate all doubts, and that we ihall very foon 
receive from your hands the moft welcome 
prefcnt that you can make to your Queen and 

Give me leave to wifh your Lordmip mofl 
heartily joy of Lady Straffbrd'a happy de- 
livery. I hope the next addition to your 
family will be a fon, and that he may prove 
hich an one as will follow the example of 
his father, and carry down without inter- 
ruption the reputation of your name to po- 
Aeritv. I am, &c. 

To tht Lord Privy Seal. 

Whitehall, March igth, 1712-13. 
I RECEIVED this morning the honour 
of your Lordfhip's private letter of the 28th, 
N.S. with the public difpatch, and return you 
my humble thanks for the favourable man- 
ner in which you are pleafed to accept my 
endeavours to ferve you. 



The perfbn your Lordftiip is pleafed to 
mention has, I believe, a good infighfmto 
trade ; but I have fome notion that he was 
fufpecled, and, if I remember right, not 
without fome grounds, of carrying on a 
clandeftine trade, during the war, to France. 
Some thoughts I have had of Mr. Drum- 
mond j and if a way could be found of 
making the confulmip a little more valu- 
able, I believe the poft would fuit him, as 
I verily think he would fuit the poft. Mr. 
Wood's intereft fhall be my particular care, 
and, one way or other, I doubt not the 
Queen will provide for him. 

Give me leave, my Lord, to fay a word or 
two, in this private letter, of public bufi- 
nefs. We are furrounded with implacable 
enemies, a faction at home not numerous, 
but defperate. I wifh I had no reaibn to 
add to thefe, our confederates abroad : no 
condefcenfion, no temper, no moderation can 
abate the edge of the malice of this league, 
and till the peace is made, their malice is 
terrible ; becaufe, God alone can tell what 
accidents may happen, and they are ready 
to improve any to the common confufion. 
The bulk of the nation is declaredly againrt 
? thefe 


thefe people, and is aware of their defigns i 
but then, as it too often happens in a good 
caufe, our friends are apt to cool, which ren- 
ders them no match for the fury of party 
agitators, and they languish under the long 
expectation of what they ardently wifh. This 
is not all. The reafbns of the delay of the 
treaty cannot be expofed to public view, and 
if they could, few would be competent judges 
of the validity of them. Whereas, every 
man will feel the difference of the national 
expence, and mariy perhaps will imagine 
it greater than in truth it will be. The ufe 
I would prefume to make of thefe reflections 
and of divers others, which your Lordfliip's 
thoughts will better fuggeft to you than I can 
pretend to do, is the neceffity either of fign- 
ing immediately in conjunction with the al- 
lies, or of iigiiing on the Queen's part, with- 
out (laying for them. The firft is to be fure 
beft, but the laft is infinitely better than a de- 
lay of twenty-four hours. 

Your Lordfhips are, it is very true, in the 
eye of faction, and every ftep you take, is 
expofed to the comment of party ; but fo 
are thofe who have the honour to ferve with 
you ; we ferve together, and, by the grace of 
5 God, 


God, we will {fend and fhll together; of the 
latter, I think, there is no danger, but by 
the failure or longer delay of the peace. 

If your Lordfhip could fee as nearly as I 
do, what pafles now here, and what the pre- 
fent difpofitions of men are, you would the 
more eafily excufe the liberty I take. 1 hope, 
however, for your Lordfhip's pardon, fince 
the franknefs I ufe proceeds from no prin- 
ciple but that of zeal for the Queen's fervice, 
and of true rcfpecl for your Lordmip, to 
whom, I am, &c. 

De Monfieur de Tcrcy. 

A Verfailles, le 8me Mars, 1713. 

VOUS verrez, Monfieur, par les lettres 
de Monfieur le Due de Shrewfbury, que le 
Roi n'a voulu tirer d'autre avantage du 
bon etat ou fe trouvent les difpofitions faites 
pour la campagne, que celui d'en prevenir 
1'ouverture, & de conclure la paix prefente- 
ment, plutot que d'attendre a la traiter les 
armes a la main. 

Sa Majefte s'eft conformee a tout ce que 
la Reine a defire, ainfi le plan de la paix 

VOL. III. Kk generate, 


generate, & celui de la paix particuliere 
etant egalement concertes, rien n'empeche 
que Tune ou 1'autre ne foit inceflammeiit 
iignee a Utrecht, fiuvant ce que vous me 
faites rhonneur de me marquer. 

Sa Majefte Britannique pourra par confe- 
quent annoncer a fon Pavement le fruit des 
foins qu'elle a pris pourle repos de 1'Europe, 
& contraindre les mal-intentionnes a garder 
le filence. On ne doute pas ici qu'elle if en 
foit abfolument maitrefie, & je vous allure, 
my Lord, qifil n'y a point d'avis cru Ton 
ajoute plus de foi, qu'a ceux que vous voulez 
bien donoer pour 1'avantage reciproque des 
deux nations; Vous avez trop bien reuffi a 
le procurer, peur avoir aucune defiance de ce 
qui vient de votre part, & ii jamais vous 
aviez envie de me tromper, vcus pouniez 
jouir long-terns de ce plaiiir, avant que j'en 
eufle le moindre foup9on : je fuis en verite 
bien eloigne de pareilles idees, & je vous de- 
mande encore, a Toccafion de la paix que je 
compte faite, la continuation de la meme 
confiance & des memes marques d'amitie, 
dont vous m'avez honore. 

Je fuis periiiade, my Lord, que la Reine 
fera contente du confentement general que 



le Roi donne a tout ce qu'elle a demande ; 
mais les malhcureux particuliers, qui auront 
des biens dans les lieux cedes ou reftitues, ne 
le feront gueres de la loi que vouS leur im- 
pofez par 1'article 14, fi fa Majefte Britail- 
nique, remplie d'equite, & inftruite des 
claufes des trait^s, ne decide pas fur ce 
point ; comme il y a bien de 1'attendre de 
fa juftice* 

Je me rappofte a ce que j'ai eu Fhonneur 
de dire fur ce fujet a Monfieur le Due de 
Shrewfbury, & a ce qu'il en aura ecrit, 6c 
j*efpere qu'un traite', qui doit faire le bon- 
hcur des deux nations, &: dont la conduite 
& la conclufion font diies a vos foins, ne 
renfermera pas la moindre apparence d*in- 

Je reffens bien vivement, my Lord, 1'at- 
tention que vous voulez bien doiiner aux in- 
terets de Monfieur le Due de St. Pierre, & 
je' vous aflure que je n'ai pas befoin de nou- 
velles raifons pour fortifier 1'attachement que 
j'ai pour vous, & avec lequel je ferai toute 
ma vie, plus que perfonne, 

Monfieur, votre, &c. 


K k 2 A Mon- 


A Monfieur de Torcy. 
De Whitehall, ce 23010 Mars, V.S. 1712-1 J. 

IL faut quejje profite de cette occafionv 
Monfieur, pour vous affurer de mes tres- 
humblss refpecls, & pour vous dire que le& 
lettres que j'ai refu d'Utrecht, du 2ome, 
2 1 me, & 251116, m'avoient prefque defef- 
pere; celles du 28me m'ont un peu con- 
fole ; je vois par ces dernieres que la paix de 
tout le monde fera faite en meme-tems ; les 
conditions que Monfieur de Stnzendorf de- 
mande, pour qu'il puifTe figner celle de 1'Em- 
pereur, etant d'une nature a ne pouvoir pas 
accrocher la negociation. 

Monfieur le Due d'Aumont a etc informe, 
de terns en terns, des pretextes dont on s'efl 
fervi, pour differer d ? un jour a 1'autre la fig- 
nature des traiteVentre la Grande Bretagne 
& la France, il fait aufli les reponfes que 
j'ai donnees, & les ordres precis & reiterei 
que j'ai envoyes, de la part de la Reine ; 
ainfi je n'entre pas dans ce detail, vous en" 
ferez deja'inftruit. 

Monfieur le Ducde Shrewibury vous com- 
muniquera, Monfieur, les ordres que la 
Reiiie a donnes, & qu'elle fcra obferver 



rouchant les ^0# immobiKa des fujets du Roi. 
Sa Majefte, aura une entiere fatisfaftion la- 
deflus, & la Reine prendra avec plaifir cette 
nouvelle occafion de montrer combicn les 
interets de la France lui font a coeur. Elle 
ne donte point que le Roi de fon c6te ne 
veuille Jeter un ceil de companion fur ccs 
malheureux qui fouffrent dans les galeres * ; 
cette a6iion fera digne du grand coeur, & de 
la picte du Roi ; elle fera la marque la plus 
edentielle que fa Majefte puiffe donner de 
fa confideration pour la Reine, & elle fermera 
la bouche a tous ces mauvais difcourcurs, 
qui ne cherchent qu'a noircir 1'ouvrage de la 
paix, & les cara<fleres de tous_ceux qui s'en 
font meles. Je fuis, &c, 


From the Duke of Shrew/bury. 

Paris, March 23rd, 1713, N.S. 
I THINK it is proper for your Lordfhip's 
information, as well as Lord Treafurer's, to 

* In June, 1712, the Queen fent the Marquis de Miramont 
to Utrecht, upon a fpecial commiifion in behalf of the French 
refugees and the Proteftants, as well in France in the gallry., 
as on tlie Continent. 

K k 3 fend 


lend you the copy of a letter I received from 
Lord Lexington ; fome of the objeclions are 
flight, foine are anfwered by the folemnity 
with which the whole pailed laft week in 
Parliament, and Monfieur de Torcy allures 
me the renunciations of thefe Princes were 
formed and approved in Spain ; however, I 
ought to obferve to you, that the renuncia- 
tions of the Dukes^ of Berry and Orleans, 
having been made before I came hither, and, 
as I underftand, before the draughts were fent 
to England, which will appear by the dates 
of them, the folemnity of taking an oath was 
not obieryed at that ti:r.e, which I fee was 
4one by the King of Spain ; I mentioned this 
the other day to Monfieur de Torcy, ^who 
feemed not to have remarked whether they 
had fworn or not, and is not verfed in thefe 
forms ; but by his anfwer I am inclined to be- 
lieve, if that, or any other thing their con- 
ftitution permits them to do, be yet infifted 
upon., it will not be denied, in order to give 
full fatisfadlion upon this head $ but on the 
other hand, if the public manner in which 
thefe Princes gave their confcnt in the Parlia- 
ment, be thought fufficient, I am of opinion 
nothing new fhould be afked that were not 
3 material, 


material, of which I acknowledge myfelf a 
very ill judge, being wholly unacquainted with 
forms, and having no Civilian here I can de- 
pend upon. 

It may be proper farther to take notice to 
your Lordfhip, that, by letters from Utrecht, 
I perceive the allies, as well as the French, 
feem indifferent whether the Emperor, at the 
conclufion of the peace, ihould renounce to 
thole parts of the Spaniih Monarchy which 
the King of Spain is to pofiefs, and confe- 
quently his Catholic Majefty not renounce 
to thofe parts of that monarchy the Empe- 
ror is to pofTcfs; this ieems to be making 
a peace, and at the fame time leaving luch 
feeds for another war, that it is well worth re- 
flection, whether fuch renunciations on all 
hands mould not be made at a general peace ; 
and the rather, becaule the renunciations lay 
down the balance of power in Europe as their 
foundation; exprelTmg that Spain ought not 
to be united either to France or the Houfe 
of Auftria ; and there is an expreffion in the 
Duke of Orleans' renunciation, which in fome 
meafure makes the Emperor's renouncing a 

This letter being only writ for your Lord- 
K k 4 toip 


{hip and Lord Treafurer, I hoped I might 
have difpatched my public letter to yourfelf 
and Lord Dartmouth at the fame time ; but 
Monfieur de Torcy's courier calling in hafte, 
I want time, and mall fend another to-morrow 
with the inftruments relating to the renuncia- 
tion 3 Mr. Prior being now at Verfailles upon 
that bufmefs, and till his return I am not fully 
enough informed to write, I am, &c. 


From the Duke of Sbreiv/bury. 

Paris, March 25th, 1713, N.S. 

I AM to acknowledge your Lordihip's of 
the 3rd iuftant, and am very glad to have your 
approbation of what I may have done here 
towards perfecting the peace. I hope your 
Lordmip's orders to Utrecht will have finifli- 
ed the concluding it there j though by letters 
received from thence fince they had orders of 
the 28th of February, O.S. I find there ftill 
remain fome difficulties, but fuch as I hope are 
already overcome ; the firft is the referring the 
confideration of the four fpecies to commil- 
, upon which I have to fay, that when 

I told 


I told Monfieur de Torcy her Majefty's re- 
folutions in thofe words, as you find them in 
the memorial laft agreed to, comme la Rcinc a 
dcja confenti de r envoy er la difcujjion des quatre 
efpe^es a la determination des Commijjionaires 
aprls la paix,fa Majefti entend quc les ILtats 
en Js.-ont de meme, he alledged, that this fti- 
pulation was unneceiTary, for the Dutch had 
already departed from thofe demands ; to 
which I replied, that in cafe the thing were 
fo, we had no more to fay on that head ; but 
however, that nothing fhould be altered in 
the whole memorial, it was agreed that it 
might ftand as it was. 

The French Plenipotentiaries in their laft 
letter to Monfieur de Torcy affirm, that the 
Dutch had departed from the fpecies to be 
referred, and that, as well the Dutch as our 
Plenipotentiaries, do frill acknowledge that 
they had departed from that demand ; but 
after having feen the abovementioned claufc 
of the memorial, they inlift anew upon the 
point before given up, taking for pretext, that 
they made this conceflion when they expect- 
ed, or hoped at leaft, to have all the Cha- 
tellenies and dependencies, which they de- 
manded, about Iprcs, but that Ballieul being 
i now 


now given to the French, they think them- 
felves difengaged from their former o^ effon ; 
I give your Lordihip this plain account, that 
the Queen may fee how this matter rta^ds, 
and if it be not already adjuiLd, that her Ma- 
jel^y may give fuch orders as {he judges 

As to the other point of the Elector of 
Bavaria's returning intu the Palatine Elec- 
torate, if he is fo to do, after the death of 
the prefent Elector, and his brother Charles 
only, or after the extinction of all the bro- 
thers and their heirs, Monfieur de Torcy af- 
ferts, that that matter has been already fettled 
in the manner that the French Plenipoten- 
tiaries affirm, and referred himfelf thereupon 
to your Lo dfhip. 

The renunciations, as I receive them au- 
thentically atteiled, I have fent ohe to Lord 
Lexington, and another to Lord Dartmouth ; 
as I do likewife fend to the Lords Plenipo- 
tentiaries at Utrecht a third, attefted as a true 

I have acquainted Monfieur de Torcy with 
what your Lordmip writ me of the method 
which her Majelty had taken to be informed 
pf bona immobilici) with which he does not 



doubt but the King will be very well fatif- 
fied, when he informs his Majefty of it. 

As to the points of the Vegevanafco, and 
the right of fortifying, upon which the Savoy 
Plenipotentiaries write to your Lordfhip, I 
underftand this King will fatisfy his Royal 
Highnefs, and has fent orders accordingly to 
his Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht j but as to the 
point of fucceflion in the family of Savoy to 
that part of the Spanish Monarchy which 
the Emperor is to have, in cafe of failure in 
the Auftrian line, this Court look upon it as 
a proportion entirely new, and as what will 
not appear, throughout the whole courfe of 
the negociation, to have been ftipulated, or 
ever demanded ; allowing it to be a thing of 
great confequence, and what may merit a fu- 
ture confideration, they confider as confiding 
of fuch various parts and claims, and as a 
thing at fo remote a diftance, in which fo 
many people's confent muft be formally ob- 
tained, that they judge it im practicable to be 
fettled, in a treaty which they think fo near 
being perfected, as to exp,ecl: every day its be- 
ing figned. 

Mr. Prior has fent to Mr. Gilligan the 
papers inclofed in your Lordfhip's of the 3rd, 



and the paragraph of that letter relating to the 
affair of the affiento ; and before the receipt 
of your letter, Mr. Prior, in anfwer to one 
from Mr. Gilligan, had writ to him to fend 
us more explicitly the ftate of that matter, as 
to the fums to be agreed on, to buy off the 
French effects ; Monfieur de Torcy in the 
mean time affures me, that the thing is in a 
fair way of being adjufted at Madrid, and is 
apprehenfive it may be embroiled if we ente r 
upon it here, before we hear farther from 
Spain. I am, Sec. 


P.S. I fend your Lordmip inclofed an ac- 
count concerning the King of Sweden, which 
I received laft night from his Minifter here. 

The fufpenfion of arms finishes the 22nd 
of next month, which I only mention in cafe 
they mould not fign fo foon at Utrecht, that 
no time may be loft to renew, though I hope 
there will be no occafion. 


To the Duke of S6rew/Z>ury. 

Whitehall, March 24th, 1712-13. 

I TAKE the opportunity which the de- 
parture of this courier gives me, to ac- 
knowledge the honour of your Grace's let- 
ters of the 23rd and 25th of this month, 
both which I have read to the Queen, and 
communicated to my Lord Treafurer. 

We really took it for granted here, that 
the Princes of the blood in France had 
fworn to their feveral renunciations of the 
crown of Spain as King Philip did to his 
renunciation of the crown of France ; and 
the words at the latter end of the renuncia- 
tions of the Dukes of Berry and Orleans 
confirmed this opinion. It is there faid, Nous 
jurons folennellement fur les e'vangi/es contains 
an mijfcl, &c. 

I confefs, my Lord, the inlcrtioii of thele 
words in the acls, and the omuTionof the fo- 
lemnity of the oath, carry fomething along 
with them which I do not like ; the Queen 
feemed to be of the fame mind : and if I 
have nothing more particular in command 
to fay to your Grace upon this head, 1 be- 



lieve it is becaufe things are thought fo far 
advanced, that there is hardly time to over- 
hale this proceeding ; and in fuch cafe per- 
haps, it were better to take it for granted 
the Princes have fvvorn, than to enter into 
a conteft, which may give ground to other 
people noW, and to the French hereafter, 
to cavil about the validity of thefe acts* 
Will your Grace allow me to add my pri- 
vate fentiment ? If you find the want of this 
folemnity may be ftill fupplied previoufly to 
the peace, or en the ratifying of it, the 
Princes, I think, ought to fwear, not as if 
at your Grace's inftance they were cVing an 
act which they had before neglected, but as 
if they took the oath in a proper time and 

As to the latter part of your Grace's letter 
Of the 23rd, 1 believe you may remember, 
my Lord, that Philip fome time ago, deiired 
the Emperor might be obliged to renounce 
to Spain ; and the Imperial Court at that 
time thought they mould be able to pro- 
trad the treaty, and to catch fomewhat more 
in the fcramble, by valuing their airy title 
high, and by infifting on terms before they 
parted with it. For thefe reafons, the Spa- 



ni(h Minifters were beat off from tbif de- 
mand then, as the Imperial Minifters now 
delire to have it not made upon them, Ib 
that I fear it will be impracticable to alter 
this part of the fyftem. The feveral trea- 
ties will make the partition, the feveral trea- 
ties will be f \vorn to, and if hereafter luft of 
power, and favourable opportunities, fhould 
prevail on fome of the parties to invade the 
others, in fpite of the treaties, the fame 
temptations would, I fear, have the lame 
effect, in fpite of the renunciations. 1 would 
beg leave to add, that the union of France 
and Spain was Ib near in profpect, and fo 
terrible in confequence, that nothing lefs 
than the meafure taken could appear fuffi- 
cient to prevent it. Whereas, if Philip or 
his ifTue, ihould in time to come attempt to 
repolfeis themlelves of any difmembered part 
of Spain's ancient dominions, fuch a war 
would be as little formidable to Great Britain 
perhaps, as any that could arife ; and if this 
Emperor or any future Auftrian Prince, 
ihould think of conquering Spain and the 
Indies, he might be laughed at for a mnd- 
man, but the found of his trumpets would 
frighten nobody. Your Grace is fo much 



nfed to Indulge me, that I depend on yotif 
goodnefs to excufe the freedom, with which 
I throw out thefe crude thoughts which oc- 
cur to me. 

The account which your Grace gives of 
the four fpecies, unriddles what I did not 
underhand before. My Lords the Plenipo- 
tentiaries write in fuch a ftyle concerning 
the interefls of Holland, in their letter of 
the 28th, that this difficulty, as well as all 
others, we conclude is over ; and therefore, 
the only orders which went laft poft to 
Utrecht, are thofe which your Grace will 
find in the inclofed copy of my diipatch of 
Friday laft. 

In this iituation of affairs, I fhould fay 
nothing on that point of the Elector of Ba- 
varia's returning to the rank of firft Elector, 
and to the Upper Palatinate, did not Mon- 
fieur de Torcy refer himfelf to me, as your 
Grace is pleafed to tell me in your's of the 
25th: Monfieur de Torcy fhoujd remember., 
and I am confident Mr. Prior does, that 
when I was in France, I pofitively refufed 
to engage for the Queen, in any thing re- 
lating to the Eledlor of Bavaria, farther 
than the Plenipotentiaries had gone at that 



time, at Utrecht. If your Grace pleafes to 
compare what is faid on this fubjecl, in the 
fecond column of the general plan, with the 
minutes taken at Fontainbleau, Auguft 2ift, 
1712, you will fee this to be facl. 
. The Queen has 'all along entrenched her- 
felf in the general, and, according to Mon- 
fieur Buys, vague propofition. She never 
would determine for the explication there- 
of, made by the German Minifters, that the 
Elector mould not return to his rank, and 
to the Upper Palatinate, till after the ex- 
tinction of the Rudolphin line, nor for that 
made by the French Minifter, that he mould 
return immediately on the death of the 
Elector Palatine and his brother Charles, 
\vithout regard even to the children of the 
latter. Both fides have frequently applied 
to the Queen, but both fides have failed in 
their attempts to engage her to explicit de- 
claration. If the French understand her fi- 
lence to be an aifent to their explication of 
the general article, the Germans may as 
well conclude that the fame filence is an en- 
gagement in their behalf; but enough of 
this, the Elector of Bavaria has had fair 
play, and his bufmefs goes better than he 
VOL. III. LI had' 


had reafon to expect, though her Majefty 
has kept herfelf free from declarations and 
engagements, which were not confiftent 
with the meafures it became her to keep 
towards other Princes. 

My Lord Treasurer writes to your Grace, 
concerning the bona immobilia of the 
French, and the liberty of the Galeriens. 
I have only to acquaint your Grace, that 
Mr. Moore * is preparing fuch a fcheme as 
{hall effectually anfwer the defire of his Moil 
Chriftian Majefty on one head, and we hope 
the Minifters in France will think of doing 
the other with an equal good grace. It may, 
perhaps, be neceflaiy to obferve that the 
Queen does not mean, as I fee Monfieur de 
Torcy, in a letter to Gaultier, ftates it, to 
alter the claufe in the treaty about im- 
moveables. No, my Lord ; as we fhall have 
no ftipulation in favour of the Proteftauts, fo 
neither fhall the French have any in favour 
of their immoveables -, but the Queen takes 
the King's word in one cafe, and he muft 
take her Majefty's in the other, which your 
Grace is impowered to give. 

* Arthur Moore, a Commifiioner of trade and plantations, 
and principally concerned in framing the treaty of commerce. 

I fay 


I fay nothing about Savoy, nor about Mr. 
Gilligan's letter to Mr. Prior, becaufe we 
hear from Utrecht and from Madrid, that 
thofe matters are over. 

The true (late of the King of Sweden's 
affairs, is much worfe than his Minifter re- 
prefented them to your Grace ; it is high 
time to think of faving him, in fpite of him- 
felf; fomething is doing towards it, but I 
have not time to enter into that detail. 

I muft beg leave, before I conclude this 
long letter, to recommend to your favour a 
very hard cafe, which I have writ to Mr. 
Prior upon. Mr. William Churchill, who has 
had the honour of your Grace's patronage 
formerly, and for whom I have had a long 
kindnefs, is deeply concerned in it. A letter 
of attorney, and the vouchers, are fent to 
Mr. Arbuthnot, who will apply to your 
Grace, and I once more entreat your favour 
to the parties concerned. I inclofe a me- 
morial on this head 'for your Grace's in- 
formation, and am, with the greatefl rc- 
fpeft, &c. 

L 1 2 


To Mr. Drummond. 

Whitehall, March 24th, 1712-13. 

ALTHOUGH I have not lately troubled 
you unnecefTarily with any of my letters, yet 
I have not been unmindful of your interefts ; 
I waited an opportunity of acknowledging 
my perfonal obligations to you, as well as 
the efTential fervices which you did the 
,Queen's affairs, at a time when the folia- 
tion of them was extremely nice, and I think 
the opportunity now offers itfelf. 

Notwithstanding the alterations made in 
the barrier of the States-General, by the 
new treaty, certain it is ? that all poffible care 
muft be taken, in agreeing at firft on pru- 
dent regulations, and in preferving thefe re- 
gulations afterwards, or theBritim commerce 
to the Spainim Low Countries, will be ex- 
pofed to great hardfhips, perhaps to ruin. 
Commiiraries were to meet in Flanders, to 
adjuft, on the behalf of the Queen, the Em- 
peror, and the States-General, fuch rules 
and methods as are moft proper to preferve 
and keep things, in refpeft to trade, on the 
foot whereon they flood during the reign 



of the late King of Spain. But, my Lords 
the Plenipotentiaries are of opinion, and 
her Majefty agrees with them, that this work 
may be more advantageoufly and more ex- 
peditioufly performed at Utrecht, under the 
influence of the Minifters of the refpeclive 
parties, than in any other place. I (hall 
therefore fend you by Friday's poft, her Ma- 
jefty's commiffion, under the great feal, to 
authorize you to Undertake and proceed in 
this bufinefs. As the joining any one to 
yon, who is not fkilful in affairs of this na- 
ture, can never advance, and may prejudice 
the fervice ; and as I have not any proper 
perfon to offer to the Queen, you will be at 
nrft fingly employed, if hereafter another 
mould be thought of, he may be added by 
another commifllon. In the mean while, 
that no time may be loft, your commirTion 
ihall be difpatched. 

Thus much I have acquainted my Lords 
the Plenipotentiaries with, but I think it 
proper to let you know farther, that the 
Queen is ib diffatisfied with Loggan's beha- 
viour, and indeed infufficiency, that he is to 
nc removed, and his port filled by you. 

L 1 3 Mr. 


Mr. Laws cannot well be continued, for 
feveral reafons, in thofe countries after the 
peace, and her Majefty has determined to 
appoint you her Secretary and Relident at 
BrufTels, fo that thefe two employments, 
which are very compatible, and perhaps bet- 
ter placed in one than in two, will, I believe, 
render your pofl very agreeable to you. 

1 was not willing to let this poft go, with- 
out acquainting you what you are to expecl 
in general ; by the next I mail write more 
particularly on the {ubjecl of your commif- 
fion. Your letter of the 31 ft, came to my 
hands laft night, for which, I am to return 
my thanks, and to defire you to be perfuaded 
that at all times and on all occaiions, you 
may depend on the beft fervices of, 

Sir, &c. 

*To the Earl of Orrery. 

Whitehall, March 24th, 1712-13. 

MY dear Lord, I do not wonder at your 
impatience to get out of the bad company 
which you have kept of late. If a man 
is .doomed to ftruggle with faction, he would, 

I think 


I think, choofe to do it at home, but to go 
abroad on this errand is intolerable. 

The Queen, to whom 1 opened your 
Lordfhip's prefent fituation and your requeft, 
is as deiirous as you can be, to give up the 
government into the Emperor's hands, and 
commands me to let your Lordfhip know 
that as foon as you can return home, it is 
her intention you fhould; but upon your 
departure from BrufTels, her Majefry would 
have it known that you return thither no 
more, and that fhe has withdrawn herlelf 
from any future fhare in the adminiftration 
of thole affairs. 

I write to my Lords the Plenipotentiaries 
upon this fubje6t, and I take it for granted, 
your Lordmip will hear from them very 
fuddenly, that the Emperor and States are 
agreed, as to the terms of .the barrier" of 
of the latter, after which fome form of giv- 
ing up the government to his Imperial Ma- 
jefty muft, I fuppofe, be obferved, and then 
your Lordfhip will immediately, purfuant 
to the letters which next boat fhall carry 
to you, take your leave of your feditious 
fubjefts, and haften to the arms of your 
friends and miftreffes. 

LI 4 We 


We fhall wind up our bottoms probably 
in as little time as you can get ready for 
your journey hither, and 1 am lure you 
would not leave your work, difagreeable . as 
it is, when you are within fo few days of 
concluding it. 

The article of trade might have rendered 
a longer flay in the Netherlands necefTary, 
but we have given another turn to that 
matter, and inftead of appointing the Com- 
miffioners to meet in Flanders, where they 
would have been under your Lordmrp's di- 
rection, they are now to affemble at Utrecht. 
I inclofe an extract of what I write to the 
Plenipotentiaries for your Lordihip's infor- 

All our accounts from Utrecht, as well as 
Paris, make us depend fo much on having 
the instruments of the general peace exe- 
cuted in few days, that the Queen deter- 
mines to receive them before me meets her 
Parliament, fb that the two houfes will not 
fit till Thurfday in Eafter week, which 1 
take will be the ninth of April. 

The peace made, we may hope to know 
a. little quiet, and to fee fome government 
eftablimed among us; but indeed at prefent, 



amidft the clamour of faclion, the diftruft 
of friends, and the hurry of bufmefs equally 
important and voluminous, no flavery can 
be eqaal to that of 

Your ever faithful, &c. 

I xvas glad to meet little Lord Broghil * 
this morning in the Park fo well, and in /b 
fair a way of continuing fb. 

From the Duke of Sbreiv/bury. 

Paris, March 3lft, 1713, N.S. 
BY the letters which I have lately receiv- 
ed from the Lords Plenipotentiaries at 
Utrecht, and fpme copies and abftra<5ts of 
what they write to you, 1 obferve that their 
Lord/hips have a very zealous and com- 
mendable intention to endeavour that the 
figning of the peace may be general, and 
that they conftantly transfer the fituation in 
which the Imperial Minifters are, as to their 
demands, and the advances they make to 
render their coming in practicable; this has 
occaiioned the fending feveral fchemes, in 

* Eldeft fon of the Earl of Orrery. 



which, new points are often flatted, and the 
intereft of fome Princes, which we thought 
fettled, are again difputable; and many fo 
cJfTential alterations are propofed, that they 
muft in their own nature, coil a great deal 
of time to adjufr; the efFecl: of this is, that 
their Lordfhips fend to me to prefs this 
Court to agree to feveral points, in which, 
having no order from the Queen, nor know- 
ing how far her Majefty may have approved 
of them, I think I mould take too much 
upon myfelf if I entered into them; my 
Lord, in cafe no alteration is to be made 
in the fcheme already propofed, and the 
method by which it is to be effected, I think 
England, Portugal, Holland, Savoy, and 
Pruffia, may in a very mort time fign their 
refpedive treaties, and the reft of the allies 
may profit of the term allowed them, if they 
think fit ; but if thofe who are now ready, 
mail be obliged to wait for thofe who are 
but juft beginning to treat, I apprehend the 
whole may prove, like all things of this 
nature, a work of more time than is at firft 
imagined, and may give advantages to the 
French, which poffibly are not yet enough 
forefeen ; one^thing is obvious, that the cef- 
4 fatiou 


fation in Catalonia and Italy allows them an 
opportunity of collecting all their power 
againft Germany and Flanders. 

When your Lordmip lays this before her 
Majefty, as a confideration of the greateft 
confequence, you will do me the juftice to 
add, that I fhall conform myfelf to her 
orders, with all imaginable duty and zeal 
tor her fervice I am, my Lord, &c. 



O F 


MEMORIAL. (Page 12.) 

For the Duke of Savoy. 

*"pHE fubftitution of the Duke of Savoy and of his fa- 
mily, to the Crown of Spain and the Indies, fhall be 
executed, when the article relative to the re-union of the 
two monarchies is accomplifhed. The .fubftitution {hall 
be inferted in all the acts of renunciation, as well that 
of the King of Spain, as thofe of the Dukes of Berry and 
Orleans. It (hall be .acknowledged by his Moft Chriftian 
Majefty, and alfo by the Cortes of Spain. The whole, 
according to the plan contained in Lord Bolingbroke's 
letter to the Marquis de Torcy of the i)th July, O.S. 

Sicily fhall be ceded to the Duke of Savoy, when the 
faid fubftitution is executed. Upon the arrival of my Lord 
Lexington, or fuch Minifter as the Queen fends to Spain, 
at Madrid, the King of Spain fhall execute a fecrct article, 
by which he engages to cede Sicily to the Duke of Sa- 
voy, by the peace, whether general or feparate, and to give 
him pofieffion of that kingdom, upon the exchange of the 
ratifications. His Royal Highnefs may take aaual pof- 
feffion of that ifland, as foon as the ratifications of a general 
peace, or of a feparate peace between Great Britain, 
France, Spain, and Savoy, are executed and exchanged ; 
and the Queen is ready to agree with his Moft Chriftian 
Majefty, upon an article * to prevent his Royal Highnefs 
either exchanging or alienating the faid ifland, for any 

" The King gives his confcnt to fuch an article. 



caufe or pretence whatever. The above cited letter of 
Lord Bolingbroke to the Marquis de Torcy, of iyth July, 
fhaP be followed, as well in >vhat relates to the ceifron of 
Sicily, as to the fubftitution of his Royal Highnefs, in all 
points not altered by this .nemor 1 

With rvgard to the banier of his Royal Highnefs, we lay clown as a principle, th;-t the Queen has no wifh 
to - xr?.;i diie him on thp fide of France, and that fhe de- 
mands n -bing more thah his fecuntv <vhich fecurity 
his Mcf; vJhri^ian Majefty has already p ( .1 fed to all the 
allies or her Bnrannic fvlajefty. The Minifters ->f France 
con 1 nd that this ferurity is implied in the offer? ma <>_ by 
the King to his Royal Highnefs, to give up to him Exu;es, 
Feneftrclles, and the valley of Pragelas. Thofe ot the 
Duke of Savoy infift, on the contrary, upon many other 
points, as indifpenfably necefiary for luch fecurity, The 
Que.-.i, who caimGt take upon her to decide this affair, de- 
fires tr Royal Hiofanefr's reafons may be examined and 
decided, with thofe of his Moft Chriftian Majefty, at 

In Explanation of the Article to prevent the Re-union of the 

two Monarchies. 

The contents of articles, propofed by her Majefty the 
Queen of Great Britain, for a fufpenfion of arms, the 6th 
June, O.S. and accepted by his Majefty the Moft Chriftian 
King, in his anfwers given the 22d of fame month, N.S. 
(hall be followed. The Queen will, without lofs of time, 
<lifpatch the Minifter {he intends to fend to Spain, and all 
the faid renunciations fhall be made and accepted by his 
Moft Chrirtian Majefty, in the fpace of fix weeks, er 
fooner if poiLble. This article will meet with lefs difficulty, 
as the King has already granted it, and as, if a general 
or feparate peace does not follow, all thefe ats are to be 
null and void. 

Relating to the Interejis of the EleElor of Bavaria. 
The Queen thinks it juft that the Elector of Bavaria 
fhould be reftored to the pofTeflion of the Duchy and Elec- 
torate of Bavaria, excepting always the Upper Palatinate, 
which will remain and belong, with the rank and dignity 
of firft Elector to the Elector Palatine, and failing him, to 
his brother Prince Charles of Neubourg j fo that the faid 



Eleftor of Bavaria cannot hope to recover it till the death 
of the Elector Palatine, and of his brother. 

The Queen thinks it unneceflary {he (hould actually 
engage to ufe her endeavours to obtain fomeihing for the 
Ele&or of Bavaria, as the French Minifters will make ufe 
of his pofleffion of the places he now holds in the Ne- 
therlands, to procure Sardinia for him. Her Majefty will 
give it no oppofition. This is all that can be expe&ed 
from her, for it muft be confelfed that it would little fuit 
with her Majefty *s honour and intereft, to form new en- 
gagements with a Prince, who is at prefent her enemy, 
while it is not in her power to fulfil thofe (he has entered 
into with her allies. 

Fontainbleau, Auguft zift, 1711. 

2 Monfieur Marfchalclj. (Page 33.) 
S i R, 

Whitehall, September loth, 1711. 

I HAVE juft received the letter you honoured me 
with the gth inftant, and which my brother put into my 

I dare appeal to yourfelf, Sir, if the Queen has not 
heen mindful of the King your mailer's intereft, from 
the very beginning of the negociation, >and if at the time 
fhe experienced from almoft all her allies, a treatment 
which (he certainly never merited, the articles relating to 
your intereft, were not nearly adjufted. 

I always fpoke to you, 1 always wrote to you, with a 
franknefs, which 1 mould fcarce have obfcrved, had I not 
known that the Queen's intention was to live in ftri. 1 
union with the King your mafter, and to obtain complete 
fetisfaftion for him before the conclufion of the peace. 
The Queen was informed of my communications to you, 
and the affu ranees I have fo often repeated ; the appro ve* 
of them, and therefore is the more furprifed, when fhc re- 
ceived intelligence of the Prince of Anhalt's conduit, and 
your King's orders. 

The Queen, Sir, docs not forfake her allies ; would to 
God fhe had never been forfaken by ihcm ! her grcatcft 
regret is, that fhe finds herfelf at laft difabled from ferv- 
ing them in any other manner than by good ofL-rs and 

With regard to myfelf, there is nothing I more ardently 



defire,than to deferve his Prufllan Majefty's favour; I flat- 
ter myfelf, little Bonet has not reprefcnted me otherwife, 
though, to tell you the truth, I have fome fufpicion of this 
kind, for it feems to me that I am not very well with the 
Refident, fince I once interrupted him, and prevented his 
laying fome things which it were improper a Secretary of 
State fliould hear. 

In all times, in all places, and in all circumftances, 
I am, my dear Sir, &c. 


From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 36.) 

Fontainhleau, An en ft 26th. 1712. 

I PROMISED you, my Lord, the Iting's anfwer to 
the Queen, and I have the honour to fenci it to you with 
the copy. I regret much not being able to deliver it to 
you myfelf, and I aflure you I am veryiorry to find our in- 
tercourfe in future reduced to letters only. But I feel that 
I muft not dwell long upon that article, fo iet me pafs 
on to the letters from the King's Plenipotentiaries at 
Utrecht, which I found upon my return here. 

As they were in expectation of the refult of your 
journey, their reafoning upon general topics is a little un- 
certain, and the mam point of the difpatch relates to a pri- 
vate difpute between M. Mefnager with M. de Rechteren. 
I fend you, my Lord, the memorial I received upon it. 

The Plenipotentiaries conclude, and I believe, with fome 
reafon, that thofe who are adverfe to the peace, create in- 
cidents to break off the conferences at Utrecht. As to my- 
felf, the conclufion I draw, and which you will not find 
lefs true, is that M. Mefnager is not fond of the war, and 
that his Excellency de Rechteren was drunk. 

However it may be, I apprehend, Sir, this is not a time 
either to break off the conferences, or to threaten to do fo ; 
We muft let the Dutch remain faft afleep with their dofe of 
obftinacy, and their Minifters as much befotted with the 
reprefentation of their fovereignty, as with their bumpers, 
and for this purpofe it is not improper, in my opinion, to 
aiTume a little aufterity with regard to the fatisfacStion the 
King has a right to demand for the language and proceed- 
ings of Rechteren. If you think differently, have the 
goodnefs to inform me of it. You. know my compliance 



with you, and you, 'have eafily accuftomed me to yield to 
your opinion without a murmur. 

That knave Afiurini, this day enters the Baftille. I fend 
you, my Lord, the copy of advices he fent to Holland : I 
received them from uir Plenipotentiaries. He had no pa- 
pers with him ; if he has left any at Paris, I fhall have them 

If his Excellency Vanderduflen gives credit to fuch me- 
morials, he ought not to look upon France as exhaufted, 
though, in my opinion, \\c (hould not have purchafed you 
and the Earl of Oxford too dear. 

They write to me, alfo, from Utrecht, that Count de 
Viglio is at Paris. But 1 think you have done me the ho- 
nour to mention his being ftill in England. 

Suffer me to be filent with>efpe<Sl to our regret for your 
departure; (hould you doubt it, you would have a bad 
opinion of all thofe who had the honour of feeing you ; I 
do not fele& myfelf from the crowd, becaufe I hope you will 
always fele& me as the man who is, with the moft fincere 
and true attachment, &c. 


Copy of the King's letter to the Queen of Great Britain, 
from Fontainblfau, 2btb Aug. 1712. (Page 36.) 


I NEVER doubted the fincerity of your intentions to 
promote the peace, and you have confirmed the juft opi- 
nion I formed of you, by the miflion of your Secretary of 
State, Lord Bolingbroke. You could not have chofen a 
Minifter more capable of fhortening and removing the 
difficulties in the negociation. I am perfuaded you will be 
.is well fatisned with what he has done, as I have been 
with his conduct, and more particularly with hisaflurances 
of your fentiments with refpect to me. Though I doubt 
not he will give you an exact report of mine towards you, 
as exprefTed to him, yet I muft add, that 1 (hall forget no- 
thing to maintain the moft perfect friendfhip with you, to 
make known, upon all occasions, that I am, Madam and 
Sifter, your good brother, 


VOL. III. M in frtm 



From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 40.) 

Fontambleaii, Auguft zgrb, 1711. 

AS you have approved of my propofal with refpecfc tcr 
M. de Rechteren's affair, I gave the King an account of 
what 1 had written to you, and of your reply, and of the 
orders given by his Majefty to his Plenipotentiaries to the 
fame effecTr. 

His Majefty wifhes they ftiould, through the Plenipo- 
tentiaries of England, require from the States-General a 
difavowal of the proceedings of M. de Rechteren ; that the 
other Plenipotentiaries of Holland fbould, for this purpofe, 
all together, proceed to the hotel of one of the King's 
Minifters, whither the other two would, at the fame time, 
repair. That M. de Rechteren, the author of the infult, 
ihould be recalled, and another Plenipotentiary named in 
his itead, as the moft certain proof that his conduct was 
without the approbation, and contrary to the intentions of 
his matters. 

I believe they will be difinclined to give this fatisfa&ion, 
juft as it may be ; but it will afford a fubjecl for a negocia- 
tion, while fomething better is carrying on elfewhere. 

The Chevalier writes to me, that he prefers going to 
Chalons, rather than to Rheims, becaufe the enerhy's de- 
tachments are in the neighbourhood of the latter city, and 
provifions are dear there. I fee no difficulty in this alte- 
ration, the principal object being for him to begin his jour- 
ney, and one or the other city being equally places for him 
to pafs through, where his refidence will be not longer than 
until a place of fecurity is provided for him out of the king- 
dom. If you think otherwife, my Lord, you will have the 
^gpodnefs to make it known to me, and you fhall be fatisfied. 
You have, in truth, reafon to be fo with the fentiments 
you have excited here for you. 

The Duke d'Aumont will give you a more particular 
account of them, than he has done in the letter I inclofe. 
I envy him nothing but the pleafure of feeing you at all 
times. I 2;ive up to him the talk of informing you of the 
vanity thofe Indies have fhown, whom you diftinguiflied 
by your commendation. 

I only entreat you to believe that of all thofe who have 
had the honour of feeing you here, no one is more entirely, 
than I (hall be, as long as I live, Sec. 



From the Marquis de Ttrcy. |(Page 42.) 

I LEARN, my Lord, your fortunate arrival in Lon- 
don, and am impatient for an account of the reception her 
Majefty gave you, to congratulate with you. 

I hope you have completed the conversion of your infi- 
dels ; thofe with usftill preferve fome relics of their incre- 
dulity, and, fupported by your Plenipotentiaries, they can 
fcarce imagine the plan brought by the Abbe Gaultier, 
could be that adopted for the peace. After what you have 
told me, my Lord, I own their reafonings give me very 
little concern. But for the fake of your credit and mine, 
I rnuft entreat you to inform your negociatorS at Utrecht, 
at the proper time for it, that her Majefty intends this plan 
ihould be followed : you aflured me of it, when I granted, 
in the King's name, her Majefty's demands for the Duke 
of Savoy. By fo doing, you will, at the fame time, remove 
the alarms of your Plenipotentiaries with regard to Tour- 
nay, and filence the voice of infidelity here. 

In confequence of what the Abbe Gaultier writes as 
from you, the King difpatches a meflenger to Madrid, and 
advifes the Kmg of Spain to pardon the Catalans, and I 
doubt not he will at accordingly. He wifhes to have paff~ 
ports for fix Spanifb fhips, how ready to fail for the Weft 
Indies. I entreat you, my Lord, to fend them as foon as 
poflible to Mr. Prior, to whom I have already fpoken upon 
the fubjedt. 

We parted with him with fome difficulty, but have re- 
covered him again, three days fmce. He is in requeftnot 
only for his good company, but for the pleafure of con- 
verting with him about you ; and I a(Ture you, that thcfugh 
his fincerity is great, you have no reafon to be uneafy, for 
you lofe no part of that good opinion which you left be- 
hind you. 

The Duchefs d'Elbeuf reckons much upon the favour- 
able impreffion you entertained of her niece, and I believe, 
in that confidence, fhe writes you the letter l.have the ho- 
nour to fend. 

Permit me, without the aid of others, to depend entirely 
upon the honour of your friendship, and do me thejuftice 
to believe, &c. 


Fontainbleau, September 8th, i7iz. 

M m 2 The 


The Chevalier a&ually went from hence yefterday, and 
I have juft received a letter from him, dated Meaux j he 
proceeds on his journey to Chalons fur Marne. 

To the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 44.) 

Whitehall, September loth, 1712. 

THAT in leaving France 1 ihould have left my heart 
behind me, Sir, is nothing uncommon, but I have had the 
misfortune to leave my health there alfo. Jn fact, fince 
my return, I have had fome feverifh attacks, which have 
prevented my attending to bufinefs as ufual. I went into 
the country for my recovery, and returned to Court only 
four days ago ; thus, Sir, I have been deprived of the greateit 
happinefs I can have, which is, to correfpond with you. 
I reftime my pen, with pleafure, and I do not know that I 
fhould feel greater fatisfa&ion in writing to Madame de 
Courcillon, or to Madame de Parabeze. 

Befide my private intereft, in fuppoi t of this epiftolary 
intercourfc, I think 1 may fay that the general intereft is 
concerned in it; for though the Earl of Dartmouth, in 
whofe department France is, ought naturally to commu- 
nicate the Queen's orders to Mr. Prior, yftt my letters to 
you, written with the opennefs of heart which I have 
promifed, and which I mall be mindful of, will certainly 
prevent feme difficulties, and remove others. 

Surprife never equalled mine upon feeing, by your letter 
to the Lord Treafurer, and -by Mr. Prior's to me, her Ma- 
jefly's intention explained in a manner to induce you to 
believe, that Lord Lexington would delay his compliments 
to the King and Queen of Spain, or hefitate to acknowledge 
them as fuch, until the article refpe<Sting the re-union was 
executed. It is true, he will not affume the character of 
Ambaflador till that time, or at the peace ; but he will make 
no more difficulty in acknowledging the King of Spain, 
than the latter will probably make in confenting to what 
his Moft Chriftian Majefty has promifed in his name : that 
Minifter's inftrudlions have been again looked over by the 
Lords of the Council, and 1 own a man muft be ex- 
tremely fubtle to find any thing obfcure or equivocal in 

Mr. Prior will fatisfy you upon this article, as. the Eajl 
of Dartmouth has had orders to fend him every ncceflary 



You remark to me, Sir, in your letter of September 
8th, that the infidels with you ftill preferve fome relics of 
their incredulity. It is the fame here; and tho&.muft be 
hardened indeed, Sir, whomfo many miracles cannot con- 
vert to the true faith. Let us proceed, Sir, in an uniform 
plan, and keep up, on both fides, that good faith which has 
hitherto been inviolably preferved, and we fhall, at laft, fub- 
due thefe difciples of St. Thomas. 

Your honour and mine, equally dear to us, will be 
equally fafe, as long as we adhere to what I had the Queen's 
perniiffion to fay to you, of her Majefty's intention on 
the general plan of the peace. You will remember, Sir, 
I reprefented to you, that her Majefty's conduct, with re- 
fpect to her allies, was in fome meafure determined by their 
own ; that the violent meafures they had purfucd, to impede 
the negotiation, had had the effect of enabling the Queen to 
make peace, without their concurrence ; that in this cafe 
her Majefty would declare to them, that fhe had figned the 
treaty with France and Spain; that (he would propofe the 
plan brought over by the Abbe Gaultier, as that upon 
which they might make peace ; and that fhe would give 
them to underftand, that in future fhe could do nothing 
more than interpofe her good offices as the common friend 
of all parties. 

You will alfo remember, Sir, I had the honour to tell 
you, in cafe the Dutch in particular, or other allies, (hould 
determine to come in, before the conclufion of the peace, 
concerted by the Queen and his Moft Chriftian Majefty, 
we fhould then have to pay more attention to them, the 
companion of people here would be excited, and the Queen's 
Minifters would be obliged to take fuch fteps, as in the 
other cafe, they would have abfolutely refufed to take. 

This is what I advanced in France by her Majefty's 
order, what by the fame order I repeat to-day, and what you 
will find, Sir, ftriftly adhered to. 

The King's Plenipotentiaries feem to require of us 
fomething more, when they infift that her Majefty's Mi- 
nifters do propofe the holding a conference, in which, by a 
propofition which appears, in fome meafure, contrary to 
what her Majefty faid in her fpeech, they will begin upon 
the barrier of the States-General. In the difpute exifting 
between your Plenipotentiaries and ours, the queftion is 
nor, to know whether Tournay fhall be reftorcd to the 
M m 3 


King, or not ? for to obtain it is unnecefTary for you to be- 
gin with a fpecihc declaration ; but the queftion is, to 
know ifthe. Queen ought to declare in form, and im- 
mediately, that Tournay fhall be rcftored to France? for 
it would be tantamount to fuch a declaration, were we to 
confent to. the explanation given by your Minifters to that 
article of the fpeech. That I may not fvveil too much* 
letter which already threatens to be tedious, I refer you to 
what Mr. Prior will have the honour to fay upon this 
point, and will content myfelf with faying, that as it is not 
difficult to find a medium, fo I hope we fhali avoid every 
thing that may caufe difputes between the Minifters of 
Great Britain and France. 

The Earl of Dartmouth fends twelve paflports for the 
ihips now ready to fail for the Weft-Indies, as required by 
the King of Spain, and Mr. Prior will difpatch them 

The Queen has no objection to the change in the Che-*- 
valier's route ; the principal matter is to lofe no time in 
procuring for him the fecurity he requires, that he may then 
leave the kingdom. 

I flatter myfelf, the Duchefs d'Elbeuf will be fatisfied 
with what I have done purfuant to her orders, and I beg 
you to let her have the inclofed. 

I am perfuaded you do me the juftice to believe, I have 
negledted nothing to ferve the Duke of St. Pierre ; that he 
as related to you, is fufficient to infure my devotion to his 
intereft, and the Queen is very happy to have this oppor- 
tunity of fhowing her efteem and friendftiip for you, by 
fending pofitive orders to her Plenipotentiaries to fecond 
thofe of France in their inftances to procure that fatisfattion 
for the Duke of St. Pierre, which he with fo much juftice 
Iblicits. _ 

Pleafe to excufe the faults in a letter written in much 
hafte, and which I have not had time to fliorten. Be af- 
fured I am, &c. 


To the Duke (fjumcnt. (Page 80.) 

Whitehall, September 26th, O.S. 1712. 
THERE is nothing but your arrival at Court, Sir, 
pan give me greater pleafure than I experienced upon re- 
ceiving the honour of your letter of the 2)th ult. 

The ftate of affairs, the commiffion I was entrufted with, 



the politenefs of the nation, and, above all, the King' 5 
goodnefs, contributed to procure me the honours I receiv- 
ed during my fhort ftay at the Court of France, and which 
I never can be unmindful of. But, Sir, to find you will ftiU 
preferve your friend&ip for me, and even at this diftance, 
overpower me with your favour, is, I muft own, in the 
higheft degree, flattering to me. 

Monueur de Torcy informs me, you will fet out in a 
few days ; I expect you with impatience, and, I dare pro- 
mtfe you, that though you may not here meet with the abi- 
lities of the Minifters, nor the magnificence of the Court 
of France, you will however expe* *nce much integrity in 
.our negociations, and may enjoy pL^ifures which, without 
niakiug a great noife, never fail to be very endearing. 
I am, my dear Dyke, &c. 


From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 81.) 

Verfailles, September 27th, 1712. 

THE account of your illnefs, Sir, gave great uneafi- 
ncfs to all thole here whom you permitted to conlider them^ 
ielves among the number of your friends ; and as I flatter 
myfelf, perhaps more than any perfon, fo I was more alarm^ 
ed, and more afflicted at not having letters from you. The 
heart may be left behind, and yet health may be preferved. 
Yours is eflential to the public, and to the honour of thofe 
who are combating the infidels ; fo many reafons (hould 
perfuade you, Sir, of the intereft I feel in your recovery, 
even though you could believe, that after having had the 
honour of knowing you, I could be indifferent to uny thing 
that concerns you. 

I ftould not be anxious about the fuccefs of the bufmef 
we are treating, if I had not fome apprehcalion from the 
change in the ordinary correfpondence. I did not difguife 
my uneafmefs to Mr. Prior, when he informed me, fome 
days ago, that, in future, he was to receive the Queen's 
Borders from other hands than yours. The beft intentions 
alter much from the manner in which they are explained, 
and whatever refpect I may entertain for her Britannic 
Majefty's choice, you will pardon me, Sir, if I frankly 
confefs, that having experienced the pleafure of negociating 
with you, I ought to be excufed if I prefer you to other 
Minifters, You give me frelh courage, by informing me 
M in 4 that 


that our intercourfe will not be interrupted, and I place an 
abfolute dependence on that opennefs of heart, for which I 
think I may be anfwerable, as well from paft experience, 
as from your promifeS of it, now renewed. Indeed, I would 
not have been fecurity for it to the ladies, had you made 
a longer ftay with us. But as it was fufficiently long to 
explain to you my thoughts, I leave it to you, Sir, to judge 
of my fincerity, and of the extreme defire I have to re- 
move all difficulties, whenever it was impoffible to prevent 

It is true I was apprehenfive of one very confiderable dif- 
ficulty on the de of Spain, when Mr. Prior explained to me, 
during the lait days o! . V King's ftay at Fontainbleau, the 
orders given to Lore i nc; I could not believe the 
'Queen's intentions were ill interpreted, but as I was con- 
vinced her Britannic Majefty would change a refolution, 
which appeared to me oppofite to the fteps flie has hitherto 
purfued, I fortunately refolved not to write a word to Spain 
of the occurrence which the letters to Mr. Prior gave me 
renf^n. to dread : fo that this wrong explanation will have 
been produ&ive of no inconvenience, and the harm will 
be flight fince it is folely confined to the uneafmcfs it has 
occafioned to me. 

The Queen's orders to Lord Lexington are conformable 
to your account of them. He will be well received in Spain, 
and the Catholic King is afliduous t o promote the execution 
of every thing pro:nifed by the King in his name. So that 
I hope, Sir, no time will be loft. I was apprehenfive of 
it when Mr. Prior ia.parted to me the obfervations made at 
Oxford upon the project of the renunciation. It appeared 
to exprefs in different terms what the King very diftinclly 
declares in the at, of which I fent you a copy. There 
was even an enumeration of our princes of the blood, 
which it was of great confequence to France not to admit. 
I fpoke of it to Mr. Prior, but Lord Lexington being gone, 
I judge thefe obfervations could not be inferted in his in- 
ftructions, and I rejoice they are not, for it is fuppofed the 
original from the King of Spain is now on its way -, the 
King will receive it in a few days, and I own I fhould 
regret the time loft in fending it back, and in demanding 
another, which would not contain claufes more ftrong, or 
more explicit, than thcfe in the prefent aft. 

The Abbe Gaultier would not forgive me thefe ufelefs 



delays, he warmly urges a conclufion, and is almoft inclin- 
ed to attribute to me the ftoppage of the negotiation. 
Were itneceffary to juftify myfelf, 1 could provej and you 
would be eafily convinced, Sir, that the King has ufcd all 
diligence on his part, and has heen feconded by the King 
of Spain, beyond our hopes and expectation. But I be- 
lieve the Abbe is animated ry his zeal, and perhaps by his 
dread of leaving London, and coming hero before the whole 
bufmefs is concluded. 

You recal to my mind, Sir, word for word, the project 
you communicated to me, as the rule we ihould follow to 
the completion of the whole. If I rcquefted you to repeat 
it, do not arraign my memory, which has been faithful, 
attribute it folely tothofe who doubt, and whofe reftleflhefs 
might fometimes ftagger the firmeft faith ; an indifcrect 
and artful advance, on the part of Holland, brings on again 
the former incredulity; it then becomes ncceflury to make 
ufe of fuch arms as you have fupplied me with, to reftrain 
the proceedings within the terms of your plan. 

It is in purfuance of the lame plan, that die King does 
not prefs the renewal of the conferences'at Utrecht, and has 
demanded pretty ftrong fatrsfadion from that drunkard d& 
Rechteren. It appears to me, to be alfo an indirect way to 
ftrengthen the Dutch in their obduracv, and prevent their 
entering before the conrlufion of a fcparit- peace, into the 
meafures agreed upon between th-; King and thv* Queen. 
Thus your people become more exaggerated againft the 
obftinacy of an imperious republic, which does not even, 
obferve the law of nations, in jegard to Mini fieri treat- 
ing of peace with her, and, in tnis manner, we make 
daTly advances towards that object which we have both in 
view. i 

But, as it appears, from what Mr. Prior has told me, 
fmce the arrival of the laft meflenger, the Queen is of opi- 
nion, that it is proper the conferences at (Jtrecht (hould 
be renewed ; and, as you remark in your letter, that it 
is right to find out fome medium to determine all dif- 
putes between the King's Plenipotentiaries and thofe of 
Great Britain, his Majclty omfents to order his Minillers 
at Utrecht to make the declaration, of which I lend you a 
copy, to thofe of the Queen. I believe it is the beft me- 
dium we can uie, to guard, as long as may be neccflary, 
the fecret of the Queen's intentions ; and, at the fame 



time, to be at a certainty that the peace lhall be treated of, 
upon the plan which the King fent to London in the 
month of April lad. 

If her Britannic Majefty judges it proper to renew the 
conferences at Utrecht, it is neceflkry for her to inform 
the Plenipotentiaries of her intentions upon the declaration 
I fend you. Thofe of the King will unite with them upon 
the fubjeiSt. But before any ftep be taken, the States-Ge- 
neral muft necefiarily give fatisfaclion in the affair of de 

The King always reckoned they would be uneafy to 
give it in fo explicit a manner as his Majefty hr.s demandr 
ed ; though it would not be proper for him to recede, be- 
caufe the enemies of the peace would certainly derive an 
advantage from it. But the King, in conlideration of her 
Majefty, will readily give up one part of the reparation 
he demanded, being well perfuaded that her Britannic Ma- 
jefty will have a proper regard to the offence, and to the 
refpecl due to the King from fuch a republic as that of 

I expect, Sir, by the firft meffenger, the twelve paffports 
you mention, for the {hips which the King of Spain is 
fending to the Indies, and I thank you beforehand for 

It would only lengthen my letter, and tire you, without 
any ufc, were I to write upon all the points treated upon 
by Mr. Prior and myfelf, and of which he will give you an 
account; I have communicated to you an advice juft re- 
ceived, refpedting the refidence of the Chevalier out of the 
kingdom; you know it is through her Majefty he expects 
the fecurity neceflary for him, as it is certain that detach- 
ments from the enemy's army are daily at the very gates 
of the town where he is to refide. 

Thave alfo acquainted Mr. Prior with the fecret offers 
made to the Elector of Bavaria. You know, Sir, that the 
King is interefted in the welfare of that Prince, and am 
convinced you informed the Queen of what his Majefty 
laid when you took leave ; the Elector's uneafmefs was 
very great v/hen he heard that Sicily was certainly difpofed 
of, and, fince your departure, his importunities have been 
more prelling. As it is his conftant hope that the Queen 
is not adverfe to him, and even believes her Majefty will 
be happy to contribute to his advancement, he wiChes {he 
5 (hould 


fhould be informed of what he demands, to remunerate 
him, as far as exifting circumftances will permit, for the 
ceflion of the Upper Palatinate, and for that of his right 
to the moft confiderable portion of the Netherlands. I fend 
you the project as drawn up by himfelf. 

The letter you did me the honour to addrefs to me, for 
the Duchefs d'Elbeuf, I fent to her. As fhe is now very 
ill, I do not depend upon an anfwer before the departure 
of the meffenger. 

It remains for me to thank you, Sir, for the many 
grateful tokens of your friendfhip, in fpeaking to the 
Queen concerning the interefr, of the Duke of St. Pierre; 
from fuch powerful patronage he may expect every thing, 
and as to myf'elf, I am aware that I am indebted to you for 
thofe marks of her Britannic Majefty's goodnefs of which 
you allure me, and I wifh it were in nv power to deferve 
them by the profound refpedl: I entertain for her. 

You inftruil me to make excufes for fo long a letter, 
and though there is more occafion for them on my part 
than on your's, yet I afTure you, I was fo little confcious 
of my fault while writing, and the time pafled fo quick, 
that I ftill think my letter fhort. I wifh it may appear fo 
to you, and 1 entreat you to read with patience, my lincere 
proteftations of being, &c. 


. The Due d'Aumont is hurrying the workmen of Paris 
to be the fooner with you ; that is the only advantage I envy 
him. Upon another occafion I will ufe the permitfion you 
have given me, to write to you by another hand. I know 
not if the Queen has Ipoken to Baron cle Forftner on the 
fubjeft of the Chevalier's retidence at Bar. 

To the Marquis de Tony. (Page 91.) 

S I R, 

Whitehall, September i6th, O.S. 1711. 

THE laft meffenger having been delayed fome days at 
Calais, by contrary winds, I did not receive the honour of 
your's of the 2;th, N.S. until yefterday. 

The Queen is at Windfor Caftle, fo that I fhall not be 
able to fee her before to-morrow, and confequently I muft 
defer till next week what I ihal! have the honour to fay to 
you by her orders, but, in the mean time, I would not 
/ f forego 


forego the advantage of this evening's pott, to thank you 
for all your goodnefs, and to repeat my aflurances of an 
inviolable, an eternal frienclfhip. 

Lord Lexington's inftructions are certainly conformable 
to what I informed you of, and her Majefty's intentions on 
that fubjejSj: have never varied. Though Spain, as well as 
France, be in the department of the other fecreta'ry, yet, at 
the requeft of that Minifter before his departure, 1 perufed 
with him all the orders he had received ; and I think I r.av 
affure you that, when he left our Court he was complete 
mailer of every circumftance, and as well difpofed as you 
could wiih. It is true the obfervations of the civilians were 
written on the margin of the draught of the act of renun- 
ciation delivered to him, and that upon which he is prin- 
cipally to infift, is the enumeration, of the Princes of the 
blood of France. ' . 

I heartily wifli we had never confulted thofe cavalling 
advocates, and, as far as I can judge, the claufes drawn up 
in Spain are as ftrong and -as clear as thofe which thefe 
gentlemen wifh to infert. ' But, at the fame time, I own I 
do not well comprehend the objections to the enumeration, 
as laid down in Mr. Prior's difpatch to the Earl of Dart- 
mouth, in an act which is to be the foundation-ftone of the 
peace, and which is to preferve the tranquillity of Europe 
for ages to come ; it is furely much more excufable to ad- 
mit ufclefs exprcfiion.s, than to neglect the fmalleft word 
that may either explain or confirm it. 

I rejoice that the arms I provided. you with have been 
of fjrvice ; I am only furprized you fhould have had occa- 
fion to ufe them. 

It feems to me, that your infidels have little reafon to 
oppofe a minhler, who, alone, and without their affiftance 
of participation, has conducted affairs to that point, whicli 
feme time fi nee they oared not hope to attain. 

I thought the p;ifTports, which the King of Spain de- 
manded for the fh'.ps about to fail for the Indies, were al- 
ready at Madrid; but I am juft informed, that Mr. Gilligan 
her Majefty's comrr.ilTury for trade now going to Spain, 
is charged with them : he fets off directly, and I hope this 
delay will have no bad confequence. 

As 1 have mentioned the Indies, I muft ingenuoufly 
tell you, Sir, that the invafion of our colonies by a fqua- 
dron of your men of war, is an incident that does more 



harm, than all the booty they can carry away will do you 

The Minifter of Lorain has been fpoken to concerning 
the fafety of the Chevalier, and he has written to his matter. 
On Sunday I {hall certainly afk him what anfwer he ha* 

On Monday or Tuefday next, I fhall hare the honour 
of writing to you by Mr. Prior's fecrctary. I am, &c. 


To the Marquis de Tony. (Page 125.) 

S I R, 

Windfor Caftle, September jo'.h, O.S. i-iz. 

I CAME here laft Saturday, and have had the honour 
to read to her Majefty a part of your laft letter of the 
zyth of September. 1 have at prcfcnt materials for a long 
difpatch, if, in order to fave you as much trouble as I can, 
while you are loaded with fo many important affairs, 
1 had not written a very long account of them to Mr. 
Prior. As he is fortunate in having frequent oppor- 
tunities of paying his refpects to you, he will avail himlelf 
of your intervals of leifure to mention to you the various 

The Queen finds the declaration to be made by the 
Plenipotentiaries of prance will remove all the fcruples of 
her own Minillers, will do away the difficulty they hau 
raifed, and which they confidered as of confideiable mag- 
nitude. I write to them to this effedt ; they will fpcak in 
the fame language to yours; with whom they will at the 
fame time agree upon the fatisfcc'tion to bw giwn in the 
affair of that drunkard dj Rechtcrcn. 

Her Majefty has alfo commanded me to impart to them 
the rule (he had laid down, and which file has promifcd 
his Moft Chriftian Majtfty to obferve in the courff of 
the negociations. She is very happy to find there has been 
no miltmderftanding upon this fubjedl, and that you under- 
ftood the plan, which flie intends to follow with the ut- 
moft exadtnefs, in the fame fcnfc as 1 had orders to explain 
it, when in France, upon all occafions, and principally in 
fuch conjunctures as the prcfcnt, in which the parties treat- 
ing are of the firft rank among mankind, and the fubjcds 
in difcuflion are of the utmoft importance to the happincfs 
of the world ; the beft thing to be done is to leave nothing 



obfcure or equivocal in the terms to be ufed. This, if . 
feems to me, we have done hitherto -, and perhaps there is 
no example of a negociation conducted like the prefent, 
in which the labourers on both fides have nothing to re- 
proach themfelves with. This muft be a great confolation 
to us, and is a good omen of the fuccefs ofour great work. 

The language held by the Dutch, with regard to the 
Elector of Bavaria, is, as it appears to me, very different ; 
for when they fpeak to us, they fcem refolved to leave 
him no place whatever in the Spanifti Low Countries. 

You may be certain I gave the Queen an account of the 
manner in which the King fpoke to me, on the fubjecl of 
that unfortunate Prince, and I doubt not you have com- 
municated to his Moft Chriftian Majefty the Queen's fen- 
timents thereupon, which I had the honour to explain to 
you, and I do not find they are changed fmce my return. 
If you compare what may be obtained for this Elector 
with his perfonal merit, or with the obligations which 
France and Spain may be under to him, it, will certainly 
appear a trifle to you ; but when you fee the fubjecl: In 
another light, and when you give yourfelf the trouble to 
confider that this Prince has loft all he had of his own, and 
all the King of Spain had entrufted to him or given him, 
except Luxembourg, Namur, Charleroy, and Nieuport, 
I think you will allow, the offers made to him are by no 
means inconftderable, in relation to reftitutions and expec- 
tancies held out to him. In one word, Sir, you know the 
real fentiments of the Queen, but you alfo know thofe en- 
gagements and meafures which her honour requires, and 
ever will require her to keep. 

To preferve my character with you, and to preferve 
that opennefs.of heart which I have ib often promifed you, 
it is neceflary I fhould inform you, that on Sunday evening, 
a meflenger brought me letters from Utrecht, dated Octo- 
ber 5th, N.S. The Queen's Plenipotentiaries obferve, 
that five or fix of the States- General had even that morn- 
ing been in conference with them ; that they had, in a moft 
pathetic manner, reprefented to them the refolution their 
mafters had taken, to join with the Queen in all meafures 
neceflary to accomplish" the peace ; that they had fpoken to 
them of Tournay and Conde as of places, in the unani- 
mous opinion of the republic, eflential for the fecurity of 
their barrier ; and that, as to all other articles of the peace, 



they affected to (how great facility and perfect fubmifilon to 
the Queen. You fee, Sir, the pled the Hollanders have 
taken ; you know well the ftate of our domeftic affairs, 
for, whenever I (poke to you on fuhjeft, I never dif- 
guifcd any thing; reflect as a great and able iVlinifter on 
the part we inuft take, and be aftured 1 will make no other 
ufe of the confidence you may think proper to repofe in me, 
than that which becomes a man of honour and your fervant. 
The anfwer I give, by the Queen's order, to the over- 
tures of the iVlinitters of the States, is fufficiently general. 
Texpedl a repetition of their inftances ; and as the Earl of 
Stratford is to come to Court in a few days, to receive the 
Order o( the Garter, he will doubtlefs be charged with 
what thofe Minifters may fay, and with all the affurances 
they may give, for an entire reconciliation with the Queen, 
and .for the conclufion of their peace with that of her 
Majefty. I have even fome reafon to think this Minifter 
will be authorized to fay, that, provided the States may keep 
Tournay, they will no longer hefitate to come into all the 
meafures that may be required of them. I muft not launch 
out into a reafoning upon thefe facts, you fee, at one glance, 
much more that 1 am able to fuggeft : it were better for 
me to clofe my letter, afluring you I am, &c. 


A Temer'iul) prefcntcd by Mr. Prior to thj Marquis de 7 'urn. 
(Page 144.) 

Oflober sd-uth, 1711. 

PURSUANT to di regions from the Earl of Dart- 
mouth, in his letter of the 15* ult. I have the honour to 
reprefent to you, that having examined the terms of the act 
of renunciation, it was found expedient to make the ad- 
joined additions *. As, at the fame time, \ou were pleafed 
to agree, that thefe additions fhould be infcrted in the act ; 
and have only objected to the following" After the words 
pajl and tranfmitteh mould be inferted the names of the 
perfons to whom the right of fucceflion fhould be declared 
to belong, by virtue of the renunciation." 

According to your intentions and my duty, I fcnt to 
England your cohfent to the additions, and your objcaion 

* I do not fend them, ts they were all agreed to, except whi' 




to this, as alfo your letter to Lord Bolingbroke on the 

The whole having been deliberately examined by the 
Queen in Council, her Majefty has, through the Earl of 
Dartmouth, commanded me to communicate to you her 
fcntiments and refolve thereupon. 

That as to the objection, that Philip being a foreign 
Prince, would take upon him, by this nomination, to re- 
gulate, in fome fort, the fucceflion to the Crown of France, 
the anfwer is evident ; that Philip, with refpect to this ac~l, 
neither can nor ought to be confidered as a foreign Prince, 
and does not appear in it in that quality, but, on the con- 
trary, in that of a Prince of the blood of France ; and fo 
near in the line of fucceflion to that Crown, that, on this 
confideration alone, it has been already agreed, that it was 
not poffible to fecure a lafting peace for Europe, if Philip 
did not renounce the Crown of France, as well for himfelf 
as for his defcendants, without intending any refervation of 
his rights and pretenfions, in any manner whatever : that 
being the cafe, it is found abfolutely neceflary to enume- 
rate the legitimate order of fucceffion to the Crown of 
France, by virtue of the renunciation; for that a<3: would 
appear very imperfect, which {hould fay negatively that 
Philip and his defcendants renounce the Crown of France, 
if the Princes who are called to it, by virtue of the fame 
a&, {hould not be pofitively named : and fo far is Philip 
from being regarded at prefent as a foreign Prince, that 
he can only be confidered by the Queen in that light after 
the full execution of the faid ac~t. Even in the a& it is 
flated, in general terms, that Philip gives up his right to 
all the branches of the royal family of France, even to the 
moft diftant : he cannot be thought by that to give them 
a new right, nor to difpofe of the Crown of France in fa- 
vour of any of them. So that by naming thofe Princes 
who are neareft, and who are to fucceed more immediately 
to that Crown, he cannot be thought to give to them any 
other right than what comes to them by the order of blood, 
by means of the renunciation; and fo far from naming 
afrefh the fucceflbrs to the Crown of France, he only re- 
peats thofe who are already more efpecially called to it. 
"When he renounces the Crown of France, for himfelf and 
for all his pofterity, he confents that this right {hould be 
looked upon as parted and tranfmitted to him who {hould 



tie found next in degree, immediately after the King, the 
prefent Dauphin, and their defendants ; and confequently, 
the cafe happening, this right falls direftly to the Duke of 
Berry, and his defcendants for ever : and failing them, to 
the Duke of Orleans, and his defcendants for ever : there 
can be no difficulty in enumerating their names, as the 
meaning of the aft includes their nomination. 

It is added, that in the authentic aft of agreement for 
the fufpenfion of arms in Flanders, this devolition of the 
rights of the Dukes of Berry and Orleans, and of their 
defcendants, has been already particularly fpecified and de- 

The Queen has given her orders to Lord Lexington, 
before his departure from England, in conformity with the 
memorial which I have the honour to prefent to you ; and 
as France has already engaged that the renunciation (hall 
be made in the manner moft fatisfaftory to her Majefty, 
fhe is perfuaded the King will not delay to a/lift, with her 
Majefty, in removing this difficulty, and to take from the 
enemies to the peace every occanon to pretend there is 
any omiflton in the conftruclion of an aft, on the explica- 
tion of which depend the friend/hip and good correfpon- 
dence between the kingdomsx)f Great Britain, France, and 
Spain, and the future (ecurity of all Chriftendom. 

The Nomination of the Princes of the Blood, &c. (Page 146.) 

Vcrfailles, O&ober Kth, 1711. 

IT is my will, and I confent, for myfelf and my faid 
defcendants, that, as well now as in future, this right 
ftiould be regarded as gone by, and tranfmitted to my bro- 
ther, the Duke of Berry, and to his children and defcen- 
dants male, and born in lawful wedlock ; failing them, to 
my uncle the Duke of Orleans, and to his children and 
defcendants male, born in lawful wedlock ; failing them, to 
my coufm, the Duke of Bourbon, and to his children and 
defcendants male, born in lawful wedlock : fo fucceffively 
to all the Princes of the blood of France, their children 
and defcendants male for ever, according to the rank and 
order by which they (hall be called to the Crown, by right 
of birth, confequently to him, among the faid Princes (1 be- 
ing, as alfo my defcendants, excluded and incapacitated) 
who may be found neareft in degree immediately after the 
Kina, by whofe death the faid Crown of France would be- 

VOL. II I. N n come 


come vacant, and to whom the fucceffion (hall belong, at 
whatever time and in whatever cafe it may happen, that 
he m^y have it and poflefs it, as true and lawful fucceflbr, 
in the fame manner as if I and my defendants had never 
been born. 

To the Duke ch N (tallies. (Page 151.) 

Whitehall, September nth, 1712, O.S. 

YOU can never, Sir, do me greater pleafure, thaiv 
when you furnifh the opportunity of being of fervice to 
thofe who have the happinefs to enjoy your protection, and 
I will endeavour to aft in fuch a manner as to convince 
you that I (hall never forget the favours you have conferred 
upon me. 

Preferve for me, Sir, the friendfhip you promifed me,, 
and be affured that, in all circumftances of my life, I fhall 
never ceafc to be, &c. 

To the Duke d'Aummt. (Page 152.) 

Whitehall, November nth, 1712, O.S. 

THE news juft arrived from Spain will haften the 
couclufion of the great work of the peace; fuch is the 
reflection of a Minifter : they will oblige the Duke d' Au- 
rnont to repair hither fooiv; fuch is the reflection of a 
friend : you have given me the liberty, Sir, to affurae this 
title, and I will never drop it. The Abbe Gaultier tells 
me, you are waiting for pallports from Holland, to fend 
off your equipage : it appears to me that thefe pafTports are 
not very ncceflury, fince you may have a frigate or two to 
convoy them : it is along time fince I offered your fteward 
to fend the Queen's orders for two (hips that are now 
in the Downs. We loft our opportunity to hire the Earl 
of Leicefter's houfe, which I am forry for, becaufe it will 
be very difficult to find another that may fuit you; how- 
ever, 1 fhall not fail to contribute my endeavours to that 

The Duke of Hamilton had orders on Sunday to haften 
his departure, and I believe he fcts out in ten or twelve 

Mr. Prior returns this week to France : he will be in- 
trufk'ti to renew my aflurances how perfectly I am, &c, 



To Madame de Feriolc. (Page 153.) 

Whitehall, Novcmh-.T ii p h, 1712, O.S. 

HIS Royal Highnefs has had the goodncfs to promifc, 
that as foon as he gets poflefiion of Savoy, he will con- 
rirm to the Abbe Tencin his Maicfty's gift of the Abbey 
de 1'Abondance. 

I give you joy of this good news ; and" if the fuccefs 
I have had in the execution of your firft orders, procures 
me the honour of receiving others, I am fufficiently happy. 

Mr. Prior fets off this week on his return to far 
propofed to him the exchange of employments, but 1 he 
showed his wifdom in not liitening to me: all that I can 
obtain from him is, a promife that he will afiure you of 
that perfect efteem with which I am, &c. 

From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 154.) ' 

S i R, 

Vt-rfailles, O&cber I7th, 1712. 

THE letter you did me the honour to write, and which 
I received by Mr. Prior, gives me hopes of foon receiving 
another, which will contain the Queen of Great Britain's 
intentions upon all the articles in my letter of the 2yth ult. 

It is a great pleafure to me, Sir, to receive your orders 
frequently, and at the fame time afTurances of your friend- 
fhip, of which I defire the continuance more than I can 
poflibly exprefs. 

We have had a little conteft, Mr. Prior and 1, re- 
fpecling the enumeration, which your advocates will have, 
made, of all the Princes of the blood; I think, however, 

fou will find 1 am right, when you have read the propofai 
made to him, and of which 1 fubjoin a copy. It feem* 
to me to give to the acl: of renunciation all the force you 
can wifh, and we avoid making out a long lirt, tending 
only to obfcure an a6l which it is ntccflary ihould be very 
clear and very intelligible. 

The arms you may furnifli me with, will be always good, 
it rc.nains only to make a proper me of them, and I ought 
often to wifh they were in better hands, confidering the 
importance of the bufmefs in queftion ; I believe, however, 
there is ground to hope, more than ever, that, with your 
N n a afliftance, 


afliftance, we fhall be fortunate, and make the harbour a? 

It feems the Hollanders begin to relent, and your Ple- 
nipotentiaries have declared to thofc of his Majefty, that 
the States-General now confented to treat, upon the bafis 
that Lifle fhould be reftored to his Majefty. This is one 
ftep ; it will be followed by others, but the firft is always 
the moft difficult. 

It is highly neceffary, Sir, that the Queen fliould urge 
the Duke of Savoy to conclude ; he {tops at trifles, and 
while he is difputing for a few fummits of the Alps, or a 
few villages which he will not obtain, he runs the rifk of 
lofing Sicily ; for there is much diforder in that ifland, and 
its inhabitants, by nature reftlefe, declare openly it were 
better to ehoofe a mafter, and to give themfelves up to 
the Houfe of Auftria, than to fufFer themfelves to be dif- 
pofed of like a flock of fheep. If the peace were made, it 
would be eafy, immediately afterwards, to give the Duke 
of Savoy poffeffion of Sicily, and he would tfren know how 
to keep his new fubjecls to their duty. 

The Plenipotentiaries of Portugal f?.y many filly things 
at Utrecht: it would be charity in the Queen to the Por- 
luguefe, to require the King, their mafter, to demand a 
fufpenfion of arms as foon as poffible. The Spaniards are 
at prefent befieging Campo Mayor, which apparently will 
not hold out long, if briikly attacked. The Portuguefe, 
on their fide, have precipitately raifed the fiege of a caftle 
called Caravajal, which they had begun to inveft. 

I write a long letter to the Lord Treafurer on the fub- 
je& of the difagreeable occurrences in America. The 
King has confidered it as an unfortunate accident, but as 
one of thofe which could not be forefeen, and which might 
have happened on your part the fame as on that of France, 
without any caufe of complaint. Neverthelefs, his Ma- 
jefty propofes expedients to repair the lofs, though, irv 
point of juftice, he is under no obligation fo to do; but 
he wifhes to give you occafion to filence the infidels. 

I doubt not the Abbe Gaultier has given you an account 
of the propofals I defired him to make, to forward the 
figning of the peace, therefore I do not repeat them j and 
fhould any one of them be agreeable to her Majefty, I 
(hall expert your orders. I am, &c 



The King of Spain has prorogued the opening of the 
States to the 2Oth inftant, fo that Lord Lexington will 
arrive at Madrid before the fitting of the Aflembly. 

From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 158.) 

Verfaillcs, Oftober uft, ijit. 

YOU frequently alarm our Plenipotentiaries, Sir; and, 
whatever is done to remove their fears, their uneafmefs 
returns the moment your Minifters feem to fupport the 
pretenfions of the Dutch. 

You had provided me with a defence againft fuch ter- 
rors ; and, befidcs, I had received your laft letter, when I 
gave the King an account of the Earl of Stafford's journey 
to London, and the fubftance yf his fpeech at Utrecht be- 
fore his departure. 

I am, therefore, proof agaiuft all frcfh aflaults from die 
infidels, and I have no fear that the Queen of Great Bri- 
tain will urge the King to dcfift from the reftitution of 
Tournay, as is expedled in Holland ; but I muft com- 
pliment you, Sir, for having at laft brought the Dutch 
to that point that the general peace now depends upon her 
Britannic Majefty, for it is certain the States- General, 
having already confented to the reftitution of Lifle, will 
confent much more eafily to rertore Tournay (fo neceflary 
for the French barrier) whenever the Queen {hall plea(e 
to tell them, they are fortunate that the King is contented 
with that town, as the only condition demanded by his 
Majefty, equivalent to the fuccefles of a campaign which 
they might have avoided, by paying a proper deference to 
her councils and example. 

Thus the concluiion of this great work is in her Bri- 
tannic Majefty's hands. Her orders to the tar' of Straf- 
fprd will completely bring the Dutch to their fenfcs ; and I 
am perfuaded, Sir, vou will lofe no time in fending him 
back to Holland, inftru&ed in what he is to fay to oblige 
that republic to recede upon the article of Tournay. They 
are not in a ftate to conteft the point much longer ; and 
ou know better than any one how embarraflcd they would 
, if they were forced to ftand another campaign. 
Then finifh the whole, fince it is now brought to matu- 
rity, and fave her Majefly the uneafmefs of loliciting the 
King in vain, now flic knows his intentions: and how 
it would be to him to refufe her requefts. 

N n 3 In 



In truth, Sir, Sicily having been granted to your felici- 
tation with fo good a grace, entitles us to expect that you 
would not interfere with refpect to Tournay, except in 
our favour ; and force our enemies, by your remonftrances, 
to conclude a peace, of which their provinces are in fo 
much want: that the Queen would command the Earl 
of Straffbrd to fpeak in a decifive manner upon his return 
to the Hague, and I will be anfwerable to you for the fuc- 
cefs. It is -more worth while to confer an obligation upon 
enemies, as we were formerly, than upon fuch friends as 
the Dutch are now. 

You may perhaps think I am giving way to the reftlefT- 
nefs of cur infidels; far from it, I allure you: no perfon 
whatever has more reliance on your word than I have. 

The Duke of Argyle arrived here the day before yef- 
terday, and had the honour to fee the King on the follow- 
ing morning^. He appeared very well fatisfied with his 
Majefty's intentions, and I fuppofe he will give an exact 
account of them to the Queen. He agrees with us, that 
it is for our mutual intereft that the fubjedls of her Bri- 
tannic Majefly fhould be difiuaded, as much as poflible, 
from fending corn to Barcelona, as long as the Germans 
continue in Catalonia. I am, &c. 


The King has certain information, Sir, that the Dutch 
have refoived to give up Tournay, and only intend to make 
an attempt to keep it, which thjey themfelves know will be 

From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 161.) 

Verfailles, Oftober 2 6th, 1712. 

YOU will have feen, by the letter I had the honour to 
write to you, the 21 ft inftant, that the King was informed 
of the Ear] of StrafFord's journey to London, and of the 
principal commiflion he was charged with by the States- 
General to the Queen. 

To-day I fhould have had only to repeat what I ob- 
ferved to you in the fame letter, with regard to Tournay, 
had not Mr. Prior fpoken to me upon that fubjcfr. with 
fome warmth, and ufed the moft preiling reafons to induce 
the King to give it up, with a view of accelerating the 



peace. I own, Sir, I was not of Kis opinion; I even 
fhowed him, that the Queen and he thought differently, for 
her Britannic Majefty approved the declaration made by 
the Plenipotentiaries of France to thole of Great Britain, 
which leaves nothing uncertain in the King's intentions 
with refpe& to Tournay. 1 know not whether I con- 
vinced him, but I can affure you his arguments were lefs 
weighty with me, as in the whole of what he faid, I faw 
no afiurance of a certain peace, though rhe King were 
willing to make another facrifice to the general good of 
Europe, by giving up Tournay, a place fo confiderable, 
and at the fame time fo neccflary for the fecurity of his 

I have repeatedly read over your laft letter, Sir, and 
with much attention; what me moft forcibly in it 
is, that the Dutch have refolved fo unite with the Queen iri 
all necefiary mea fares for a peace ; that, excepting the 
article about Tournay, they affeft great compliance with 
all other conditions, and a perfecl fubmiifion to the Queert 
of Great Britain's intentions. But I do not rind they 
defift from the other points contained in the laft memorial 
they gave to your Plenipotentiaries. Jt docs not appear 
that they explain themlelves clearly about the barrier, and 
as to commerce, they ftill infift upon the four fpecies, 
which the King excepts from the tariff of 1664. They 
continue to fpeak of the barrier on the fide of the Em- 
pire in fucli terms as his Majefty can never admit; and 
laftly, their excluding the Elcdtorof Bavaria would deprive 
his iYIajefty of all means to fultil the engagements he is 
under to that Pi i nee. 

The article of Tournay mull not, therefore, be con- 
fidered as the only point that impedes the peace, as I fup- 
pofed when I had the honour to write to you a few days 
ago, and according to what Mr. Prior told me yefterday. 

In truth, Sir, if all thefe difficulties were removed, if 
it were poflible to fecure for the Elector of Bavaria a 
remuneration conformable to the plan 1 fent you, or, at 
leaft, to give him, with Sardinia, what he 'now is in 
pofleifion of in the Low Countries, I own to you, that 
the certainty of a very fpeedy peace, in which Hull.uul 
would be a party v.'ith Circat Britain, the honour and 
intereft of the Queen, and, let me ndd, that of her Mini- 
fters, would be very ftrong reafons to determine the Kin ' 
N n 4 to 


to a meafure, which his Majefty had refolvcd never to 
agree to: you know alfo, he had grounds to believe the 
Queen would never prefs him upon this article. 

It remains, therefore, with the Queen to judge, whe- 
ther {he can give and execute thefe aflurances ; in this 
cafe, Tournay will not be an impediment to fo great 
a blefiing as that of peace. But if we are ft ill to en- 
counter new difficulties from Holland, from the Duke of 
Savoy, or from the other Princes, whom the Queen 
may think necefTary to join in the treaty, or if he mufl 
abandon fuch an ally as the Elector of Bavaria, the King- 
will not engage to defift from fo juft a demand as that of 
the reftitution of Tournay. 

In one word, Sir, this compliance of his Majefty muft 
be the termination of the war, and the pledge of a certain 
peace between France, Great Britain, Holland, and thofe 
of the allies whom you may induce to come in. If fuch is 
not the cafe, the King demands the execution of the pro- 
ject agreed between his Majefty and the Queen, that is to 
fay, to make a feparate peace immediately after the renun- 
ciations are regiftered. 

This is all the King can do, and I am perfuaded you 
will think it a great deal, confidering what I have faid or 
wrote to you, and alfo confidering that his Majefty is 
informed of the condition and the refolutions of the Dutch. 
I am, &c. 


From the Marquis de Tony. (Page 166 ) 

Verfailles, Oftobcr i6tb, i-n. 

THOUGH Matthew be the moft unfufferable of hu- 
man beings, yet I believe, my Lord, he is ftill h neft enough 
to labour faithfully, and to do his bell to rinith our work ; 
we have therefore agreed that he fhall fet off for England, 
to afiure you, better than I can myfelf, of our real and fm- 
cere defire to conclude with you, and with thofe allies to 
whom you have extended a protection which they have ill- 
deferved; but you, and the ftate of your affairs, are the 
objects of our confederation. 

Finifh the bufinefs then, my Lord, as it all depends 
upon you, and fend back Matthew as foon as poilible, that 
J may have the pleafure of hanging him, according to agree- 


ment, if the peace is not concluded by his Majefty's giving 
up Tournay. 

If he be fmcere, he will tell you how much I fuffer, in 
my own perfon, from this altercation ; the infidels triumph, 
and I meet with reproaches which other fervices do not 
remove. But I fuffer for you ; and if the peace is made, 
as I hope it will, I fbail be contented, even though Mat- 
thew efcape a hanging. I am, &c. 


I beg, Sir, your attention to the two memorials he will 
give you, the importance of which you are perfectly aware 

From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 167.) 

Marli, November ijth, 1711. 

AT laft, my Lord, the eflential point, the renunciation 
of the King of Spuin, has been executed at Madrid ; and 
I can give you no better account of what parted on that 
occalio~n, chan by fending you a c py of the letter, written 
by Monfieur de Bonac, upon leaving the Cortes where 
the buunefs was tranfa&ed. I imagine Lord Lexington, 
who was witneis to it, will give the Queen an account. 

The rcgitiering the adl of renunciation will be made 
in the Parliament of Paris, as foon as the original, which 
we expert from Madrid, comes to hand; and authentic 
copies will oe afterwards regiftered in all the other Parlia- 
ments of the kingdom. 

You fee, my Lord, the King has completed his part ; 
for the renunciations of the DUK.CS of Berry and Orleans 
are ready, and will be fent to Spain, the moment the origin 
rial aft of the Catholic King's renunciation fhall arrive. 
Therefore, from you, at prefent, we expedt the confum- 
mation of the work, and 1 am perfuaded you will not defer 
it. I own, I ftrongly wifli it may not be neceflary to pro- 
Jong the fufpenfion, which expires in a month. 

1 am waiting with impatience for news from Mr. Prior ; 
and, v/hatevcr reafon I may have to complain of him on 
my own account, i fhall be very happy to fee him again, 
without his meriting the gallows. His return will be fo 
much more pleafing to me, as I fhall learn from him your 
particular news i and I aflure you, my Lord, there is 


haps no place in the world, that feels a more fenfible in- 
tereft in every thing that relates to you, than we experience 

The Duke d'Aumont is brifkly prefllng his departure, 
but I could wifh Matthew returned before, though I have 
learned, to my coft, that his councils are to be guarded 
againft. I am, &c. 


To the Marquis de Torcy, (Page 163.) 

Whitehilf, November nth, O.S. 1712. 

THOUGH Matthew is to fet off at the end of the 
week, I could not, however, forego the opportunity of 
writing to you, by the meffenger, which the Abbe Gaul- 
tier intends to difpatch, and to tell you, I am much miftaken, 
if you are not fatisfied with us. 

The Earl of Stafford's inftrucrions are drawn up ; 
and I fhowed the Abbe an article in them, by which he is 
exprefsly ordered, as alfo the Bifhop of Briftol, to declare 
to the Minifrcrs of the States, that it is the laft time the 
Queen applies to them; that her Majcfty hopes they will 
accept the conditions offered to them, auJ coincide, with- 
out referve or farther delay, ia the meafures of the peace j 
that if they mean to lofe time by negociating, or to 
create new impediments by ulterior demands, the Queen 
will conclude her treaty with France and Spain, and will 
trouble herfelf no more with the intercfts of their re- 

For the reft, you will permit me to refer to what I fhall 
have the honour to write to you, in two days, by his Ex- 
cellency Matthew. I think you will find him inftru&ed 
to conclude every thing, and in fpite of his phyfiognomy, 
which is not the happielt, he (hall not be hanged this 

Before I conclude my letter, I muft tell you, Sir, that 
I have detained a perfon named Beaulieu, who fays he 
is a native of Languedoc. He pretends to have had an 
affair with M. de Baviile, about a meeting of the Prote- 
ftants,,held in the Upper Vivares, and of a paflport given 
to a perfon named Prurat, and on that account he retired 



from France. I know he was very aitiv among the re- 
fugees, and I fufpedt him of having forme J fchemes, chi- 
merical indeed, but which ihould not be the lefs attended 
to : I know his correfpondence, and have taken effectual 
meafures to (top all his letters, and will inform you of what 
1 may be able to difcover. 

I had finifhed my letter when your meflenger arrived, 
by whom I received the honour of ycur's of the i ;th 
inilant. I rejoice with you, Sir, at the good news } the 
enemies to the peace will no longer traverie that great 
work, and I flatter myielf in very few weeks we fhall 
finifli the whole. 

Prior will foon enjoy a happir.efs which I envy him, 
that of feeing and embracing you : the Duke of Hamil- 
ton will follow him very foon. 

. Adieu, Sir ; amiable as you are, no one loves you fo 
much as your, &c. 


To the Chevalier de Mole. (Page 173.) 

S I R, 

Whitehall, November i.vth, O.S. 1711. 
I CANNOT refift entreating you to ^rant your pro- 
tection to Monfieur and Madame Calandrini, who are 
returning to Paris. They are apprehenfive of parties of 
Huflars and others, who are faid to be hovering on the 
frontier : have the goodnefs to grant them cfcorts, if you 
think it neceffary, and to recommend them to the Com- 
mander at Boulogne. 

I muft not let flip the opportunity to return you my very 
humble thanks for all the favours you heaped upon me, 
during my laft journey. I feel a lively gratitude for them, 
and 1 venture to affure you, that I am, Sec. 


I take the liberty to aflure Madame dc Mole of my very 
humble refpecls. 

To the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 174.) 

S I R, 

Whitehall, November i+rh, O.S. 1711. 
HOWEVER I may fear being importunate, I can- 
not refift recommending the intcrclls of Monfieur Calan- 
I drini 


drini again to you. I confider them 2s rr.y own j and as 
1 never experienced a pang more keen than that caufed by 
the misfortunes of that family, fo I cannot expecl a more 
lively pleafure than that of feeing them reftored, by the 
kind offices and powerful protection of the man in the 
world, to whom I wjfli moft to be obliged. 

The favour I afk for them, and which would, though 
with lofs, extricate them from their difficulties, is, that 
Monfieur Defmarets would have the goodnefs to change 
their alignments into bills of the Receivers-General, 
payable at the fame periods, which are in 1714 and 
1715; if they could at the fame time obtain about fifty 
thoufand livres, on account of their alignments, the favour 
would be complete, and my obligation to you eternal. 

Once more, pardon my importunity, and be perfuaded, I 

To tbt Marpiis de I'orcy. (Page 176.) 

Whitehall, November O.S. 1712, 

AT laft, Sir, we are at the eve of the peace, and I hope. 
you will find Mr. Prior's arguments, at his return, more 
conclufive than before his departure. 

The Queen's firmnefs will conquer the obftinacy of 
the Dutch, the compliances of his Moft Chriftian Majefty 
will place the governors of that republic in a ftate of ina- 
bility to play the warrior any longer. So we reafon here. 

But if, contrary to expectation, the States-General 
fhould determine, after the yielding Tournay, to make 
ulterior demands, an.d embarfafs the negociation anew, 
the Queen will content herfelf with having done all in her 
power for them, and in that cafr, Sir, her Majefty's 
Plenipotentiaries will, with fucli allies as wifli to come in, 
fign the feparate treaty with France and Spain. 

What I have now the honour to write, is conformable 
to the 5nftru6tions which the Earl of Straffbrd has juft 
received, and this refolution appears fo decifive, that it is no 
Jonger neceffary to enter upon the difcuillon of many points 
in your letter of the 26th October. It feems to me, that 
we have reafon to be fatislied with each other, and you 
will allow me, Sir, to fay, that if the King, on his part, 
has made fome facrifices for the fake of the peace, the 

Queen ? 


Queen ; nlfo, depending on the good faith of his Moft 
Chriftian Majefty's intentions, has taken certain fteps, 
which are beyond the ordinary rules of negotiations, and 
which you know well, without its being neceflary for me 
to remind you of them. 

Mr. Prior will explain <uha voce, her Majefty's declara- 
tions to the States-General, refpeding the interefts of the 
Elector of Bavaria, and her Majefty hopes the King will, 
in that, difcern her wifhes to pleafe him in every thing that 
depends upon her. I muft, however, fay. Sir, that we 
cannot "fee how the pretenfions of that Prince came to be 
interwoven with the ceflion of Tournay. When the 
queftion was to give Sicily to the Duke of Savoy, you 
faid that kingdom was intended, by the King of Spain, 
for the Elector of Bavaria, who, confequently, ought to 
be recompenfed, this recompence was even fpecified, and 
Sardinia was demanded : but at prefent the cafe is widely 
different, and you will own Tournay would not be given 
to the Elector, if the Dutch were forced to give it up. 

The ceffion of Sicily being granted, and the Duke of 
Savoy's right to the Crown of Spain being fubftituted after 
King Philip and his children, we can no longer doubt this 
Prince will enter into all the meafures neceflary to procure 
a peace. The Queen reckons upon this, and indeed his 
Royal Highnefs is too well informed, to wifh to give np 
fuch real and fubftantial advantage's as we j>ropofe for him, 
and to amufe himfelf with the wild fchemes of the Court 
of Vienna. 

The article of the barrier on the fide of France, appear- 
ed to be the ftumbling-block. You know, Sir, how in- 
flexible you were upon it, and I can afliirc you, the Mi- 
niftcrs of Savoy have always fpoken of it as eflcntial to 
their matter's interefl, and without which he could not 
have that fecurity, which his Moft Chriftian Majelty pro- 
mifed all the allies fhould find in the peace. By what Mr. 
Prior will have the honour to reprefent to you, you will 
fee this difficulty no longer fubfifts, and it feems to me, 
his Royal Highnefs confines himfelf to demand only what 
is contained in the offer of Exilles, Feneftrelles, and the 
valley of Pragelas, or in plainer terms, what is absolutely 
neceflary to make thofe places of any ufe to him. "With 
refpect to the liberty to fortify, which his Royal Highnefs 
wifties to have, notwithftanding the treaty of 1696, I be- 


lieve the King will have no difficulty to allow it, provided 
that Prince does not extend it to the rebuilding the fortifi- 
cations of" Pignerol. 

I have looked over the draughts of the treaty drawn up at 
Utrecht, both by the King's Plenipotentiaries, and thofe of 
her Majefty ; and I find no considerable difference between 
them, except upon two articles; that of North America, 
and that of Commerce. 1 will not enter into particulars, 
it is a matter of too extenfive difcuflion, and, inftead of 
writing you a letter, I fhould fend you a volume. Mr. 
Prior will difcourfe with you upon thofe points, and I {hall 
confine myfelf to entreat you would agree with him upon 
Come expedients, that the Minifters at Utrecht, having no- 
thing to unravel, may concur unanimoufly in bringing over 
others to pacific meafures. 

I wifh to finifh this letter as I began it : at laft, Sir, we 
are at the eve of the peace, do not let us be caft away when 
in port, but conclude as foon as poflible a work, upon the 
fuccefs of which depends the happinefs of fo many people, 
as well of the prefent, as of future ages. I am, &c. 


From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 186.) 

YOU will fee, Sir, by the laft letter I received from 
M. de Bonac, and of which I have the honour to fend 
you the copy, that the aft of renunciation of the King of 
Spain to the Crown of France, has been approved and 
regiftered by the Cortes. 

The execution of this a&, which his Majefty fends hither 
in form, is not yet arrived, but the King did not wait for 
it, before -the renunciations of the Dukes of Berry and 
Orleans were figned and fent off to Madrid ; they go by a 
fpecial meflenger, which the Duke d'Oflune difpatches to 
his mafter. 

Thus, Sir, the King of Spain has renounced his right 
to the Crown of France, his renunciation is approved in 
Spain, and regiftered by the Cortes. 

The Princes of France, who might have a right to the 
Crown of Spain, have renounced it, and their renuncia- 
tions, figned by them and fent to Madrid, will be regiftered 
by the Cortes directly after the arrival of the mcfTenger. 



The renunciation of the King of Spain to the Crown 
of France, fhal be reg.ftcred immediately in the Parliament 
of Pans, and m all the other Parliaments of the IcTne- 
t-om, as it has i been already received and revered by the 
Cortes, and the meffcngcr is expefted with it ev*ry W- 

Thus then, what the ing and the - Kin* of Spain 
promifed , is m great part performed, and the remainder on 
the eve of being fo emircly: I fhould think that, affairs 
bemg m this fituation, nothing ought to impede the con- 
clufion of the peace; yet, Sir, at the time I expeft from 
you nothmg but good news I own I cannot conceal my un- 
eafmefs at your and Air. Prior's f.lence. Even the Abbe 
faultier has not written to me fmcc the i ith inftant 1 
believe you comprehend, and confequently will eafily ex- 
cute my impatience at a crifis, when it is fo important 
to adt together. 

I fee alfo, they wift to accufe France of retardino- the 
conclusion of the peace, and you know, Sir, on the ifing's 
pait, he has not loft a moment. His Majefty has even 
laboured for the intereftsof the Duke of Savoy, as earncftlv 

A ^ etreaty With that Prince had bcen alr ^ ad y concludl 
ed, and yet he does not know in what fbate the negociatiort 
is at I unn. It is aflerted, and they write from fume parts 
of Italy, that the Duke is endeavouring to unite himfelf 
more ftnctly with the Houfe of Auftria ; that his principal 
object is to gain for the Prince of Piedmont, the Arch- 
duchels, daughter of the Emperor Jofcph, with the MiLn- 
efe, as a portion ; that he prefers the iicquifitiun of that 

fSa t0 ' that f Sidly ' confldeiin g that kingdom as too 
tar diltant from his dominions for him ever to keep it, and 
the Mihnefe ferving as a portion to the ArchJuchck, he 
would be perpetual governor of it. 

I believe you may have had the fame accounts, but it 
were better to repeat them than to let you remain igno- 
rant of them. There is no room to doubt the Quecrf has 
taken proper meafures to fecure the Duke of Savoy. 


Upon this article, and upon all others which relate to the 
peace, the King has an entire confidence in her Britannic 
Majefty's prudence. 

But, Sir, it is time to conclude, and as it is from yow, 
that we mult expect the explanation of the whol--, you mint 
not be furprifed if 1 eagerly require news from you. I Jo 

rv: fKAWSLAtlOV Of 

tt wiui toe spatter confidence, as I kjvw your fcnfimfiifi^ 
and fee plainiy that it is no left conformable to Ac Queen's 
infe&eft, dun to her inclination, to conclude the work be- 
gun with (peed, which we now fee nearly perfected. 

I own to you I cannot help being alarmed at the dif- 
coarfes which die enemies of die peace confrantly hold 
again* her Britannic Majefty, though I know ther have 
no other foundation, than ths defire they hare to fee the 
war flul going on. However vain their threats, I think 
J ought, nererthdeft, to commnnicate to you the extract 
of a letter, written to the King's Ambaflador in Swit- 
zerland, by a man in die neighbourhood of die canton of 
Berne. You will make what nfe yon pleafe of it, and I 
hope too wifl regard it (imply as a (beech, die effe&f 
of which are not at afl to be apprehended. 

Lord Lexington win have informed the Queen, of the 
complaints made by the King of Spain, that the Com- 
mander of the Briufb troops in Portugal, has not observed 
die finpenfion, and has continued to act in favour of die 
Portuguese. The confequence was the Spaniards were 
forced to rane the fiege of Campo Mavor. I could wiu, 
as fome recoro pence, and for the welfare of our affairs, 
that the Queen would oblige M. de Staremberg to embark 
the German troops in Catalonia; but, in truth, I fear be 
is not to be perfii aded. I am, &C. 

. DE 

The King makes the Duke d'Aumont Knight of his 
Orders, before his departure. 

Let me again, my Lord, preft you, for the good of our 
concerns, to kt me hear from you, and to lofe no time in 
tonduafog, as you (te on the King's fide not a momeat 
has been loft to fulfil his promiles. 


!ft /j&/ Morqidt tU 5rfy. (Page 191,) 

Wh'-drii, Norearixer nft, O.8. 1711. 
I SEE, Sir, by the Jaft letters you honoured me with, 
and which la Vigne gave me yefterday, your impatience to 
hear from us. 

As I find this impatience wed founded, I would not wait 
die departure of Mr. Prior, but fend you the fame mef- 



fenger, charged with the indofed, which Matthew was to 
have delivered. 

That dark-viiaged gentleman will not begin his journey 
before Monday next, and you will not be furprifed at the 
delay, when you learn the lad adventure of laft Saturday. 
The Abbe Gaultier will certainly have informed you, that 
the Duke of Hamilton fought a duel with Lord Mohun, and 
both were killed on the fpot. 

The Queen will immediately name another Ambafla- 
dor, and I am much deceived if you are not pleafed with 

The King and the Kin? of Spain, have nearly fulfilled 
all they promifed, in regard to the great article to prevent 
the re-union of the two monarchies. I acknowledge it, 
Sir, and I (hould be unhappy, if, on our fide, any thir 
been neglected, that could contribute to forward the con- 
clufion of the great work of the peace, \\ithout my 
telling you, you know the nature of our government, the 
genius of our people, what meafures we have to keep, how 
many tempers we have to manage ; fo that you will not b 
furprifed, if the anfwers you expect from hence, do not 
come with that expedition, which the prelent conjuncture 
feems to require. 

for once I hope you will find a recom pence for our 
flownef>, in the Jecifive refolve which the Marl of Stratford 
carries to Ho 

What you take notice of in your letters, of the intrigues 
carried on by the Duke of Savoy at the Court of Vienna, 
agrees with the advices we have from time to time re- 
ceived. In the other letter 1 have touched upon the reaibns, 
which have prevented the Queen's attention to them. 1 
will add in this, that the Imperial Minifters hare, on many 
occafions, affe&ed the like inlinu ; ig no better 

fport than to embroil his Royal Highncfs with the Queen, 
and to make his reconciliation with the King more difficult. 

1 am extremely obliged to you, for the account you give 
of the ti iroats made by the enemies to the peace. I dare fry, 
the- Queen extends a little too for that maxim of Caetur, 
that it we a- better to die at once, than to live in the conti- 
nual tear of doath ; but we who have the honour to fenre 
her, will neglect nothing that may contribute lo guard a 
\ Suable .is he: s. 

HIT Majefty is much concerned for what has happened 
Vol. 111.' Oo in 


in Portugal ; the commandant of the troops excufes him- 
(Hf, by faying, he did not fail to publifh and obferve the 
fufpen''ion of . ,ms, as foon as he received his orders. 
My opinion is t;iat: the Portuguefe intercepted the firft 
difj fro.i; the Earl of Dartmouth upon the fubjedt, 
1 know noi what choice M. de Staremburg will take, it 
is iiTpo>Iible he can maintain himftlf in Catalonia, and if 
he refufei to embark his Germans, t fancy he will rind 
fo.ric difficulty in making his retreat, as Xenophon did his. 
The Abbe Gaultier made me very unhappy, when he 
told me the Biihop of Briftol had given the Duke de St. 
Pierre a very cold reception. I have written to that good 
man, in the itrongeft terms, that it was the Queen's in- 
tencion he fhould exert himfelf to the utmoft, jointly with 
the Minifters of France, in fupport of the Duke's intereft. 
By the firft meflenger 1 will repeat thefe orders, in fuch 
terms as will melt the ice. 

I am too much the Duke d'Aumont's fervant, not to 
take z fenfible fhare in the fevour the King has conferred 
upon him, and I bo you to aflure bin of it. 

It is time to conclude a letter, written in much hafte, 
and which you will perhaps have fome trouble to read. 
I am, &c. 


In cafe the Bimop of Tournay keeps his bifjiopric, we 
think the Abbe Gault'cr might be directly appointed his 
coadjutor, for reafons we have formerly mentioned. 

If any meafurefc are to be taken by us, you have only 
to inform m? of them, for we are entirely difpofed to 
ferve him, ar:d in truth he has deferved well both of 
France and Lngland. 

Tf the Marquis de Tony. (Page 195.) 

S i R, 

Whitehall, November z6th, O.S. 1712. 
THOUGH the death of the Duke of Hamilton, and 
fome other intervening accidents have retarded the return 
of Mr. Prior to France, and have caufed fome delay in 
pur affairs, which they were not in want of, yet I believe 
her Majefty's late refolves w91 repair this iofs of time, 



and prevent all impediment that might protract the con- 
clufion of our great work. 

Her Majefty has named the Duke of Shrewfbury her 
AmbaHador to France, and as he will fot off from hence, 
without waiting for his equipage, I hope in a fortnight, 
reckoning from the end of this week, he will arrive at 

I fend you an agreement to prolong the fufpcnfion of 
arms ; you will have the goodnefs to fign one copy, and 
return it by this meflengcr. 

I thought the claul"? of ratification not neceflary to be 
inferted ; if you think otherwife, you need only addrefs 
the King's ratification to t ,e Abbe Gaultier, and I will im- 
mediately let him have that of the Queen. 

The King of Spain's renunciation to the Crown of 
France, has been made in the ftrongeft terms, and in the 
moft folemn manner. Her Majefty doubts not the re- 
nunciation of the Dukes of Berry and Orleans will bs 
conceived in terms as ftrong, and all other a&s, neceflary 
for the accomplishment of this article, will be done in a 
manner equally folemn and authentic. 

But, Sir, in order to be more certain in our meafurcs, to 
prevent the lead miiundcrfianding, which might create de- 
lay in the courfe of this bufmefs, the Queen has ordered 
me to fignify to you, her to have a copy of the re- 
nunciations of the Dukes of Berry and Orleans to the 
Crown of Spain, and alfo of other acts which may be 
pafled on this occafion, purfuant to the plan, to prevent 
the re-union of the two monarchies, as contained in tru; 
articles propofed by the Queen, 6th June, O.S. and accepted 
by the King 22d of the fame month, N.S. 1712. If I do 
not receive what I now rsqueft, in time for the Duke 
of Shrewfbury to have the Queen's laft orders upon that 
fubjecl:, before his departure, I depend, however, upon his 
knowing her Majefty's fentiments upon his arrival at r*ari<, 
though he may not Icnow them when he leaves London. 
I am, &c. 


From the Afarquis de Torcy. (Page 201.) 

Vcrfaillcs, November igrh, 1711. 

IT is eafy for you, my Lord, to be frcure of my fatisfac- 

tion, fmce you know by experience you always fuccccd 

O Q 2 whenever 


whenever you were fo inclined, and you pofTeffed that" in- 
clination when you drew up the article you did me the ho- 
nour to communicate, as an inftru&ion to the Earl of 
StrafFord. It is calculated to haften a dacifion, which I no 
longer doubt, on the part of the Dutch. The ftate of 
their affairs will not allow them to fupport the war any 
longer, and certainly they are too fortunate in having the 
honour to be prefTed to make a peace, of which they ftand 
more in need than any other nation. 

They will not refufe her Majefty's good offices ; and 
I own, my Lord, that amidft the general interefls, 1 feel 
a particular pleafure in feeing Matthew has efcaped the 
danger that threatened him. I lofe by it a fpeech which 
certa'nly would be affecling, but I expect to be recom-* 
penfed by other advantages. 

The King, Sir, is very lenfible of your attention in de- 
taining Beaulieu; I (hall know from M. dc taville what 
thi* man is, for he is unknown here, and you know better 
than any one how viiionary the fchemes of thefe wretches 
generally are. However, (or reafons which you yourfelf 
urge with much prudence, I mult beg you will inform me, 
of any thing you may drfcover of his intrigues. It is the 
mutual interefl cf France and Great Britain, that nothing 
fhould clifturb the quiet of the two kingdoms) and that 
thofe, who dare make the attempt, fhould meet with certain 
punifhment. You will probably judge I deferve to be 
punifhed for the impatience (hown in my laff letter, and 
I confefs I was a little afhsmed of it, atter reading what 
you did me the honour to write j but in truth, my Lord, 
what we defire with eagernefs, we cannot wait for with 
compcfure ; and I fhould difhonqur our labours, if I 
could wait the completion of them with perfect uncon- 

I wifh Mr Prior may have given you a faithful account 
of our concern for you here, but 1 doubt his exadtnefs upon 
this article. If 1 am mifhfcen, or if I fufpeft him wrong- 
fully, he may, my Lord, on his return here, let you know 
the preference given to every thing admirable when he is 
compared to you. I do not make thefe comparifons, forj 
in my opinion, none are equal to you, and no perfon can 
e more truly than I am, &c. 



To the Duke de St. Pierre. (Page 204.) 

Whitehall, December mcl, O.S. 1711. 

IN truth, Sir, the little fervice I have hitherto been 
able to do you, docs not deferve the obligation you exprefs 
yourfelf to be under for it. Far from being fatisfied with 
what I have done, 1 (hall avail myfelf of every means that 
may contribute to the fuccefs of your pretenfions, and in 
the moft eflential inftru&ions to the Queen's Plenipoten- 
tiaries, they will find in every difpatch, repeated orders to 
unite with theMinifters of the Moft Chriftian King in your 
favour. I have told them, and I have the honour to 
aflure you, that they can pleafe the Queen in no better 
manner, than by fupporting your intereft in the moft a&ive 
and effectual manner. 

Finally, Sir, if in the courfe of this buflnefs, you think 
proper to give me farther orders, I beg you to write to me 
without ceremony, and to be fully perfuaded that the bro- 
ther-in-law of Monfieur de Torcy has every right in the 
world to the abfolute command of him who has the honour 
to be, &c. 


To Count de Saaros. (Page 209.) 
S IR, 

Whitehall, December 3d, 17 u. 

On Monday laft I received the honour of your letter of 
the oth inftant, N.S. from the port of Hull, and the Queen 
being ftill at Windfor Cattle, I could not anfwer you 
fooner than to-day. I difpatch this evening the Queen's 
orders, as well to Hull as to Harwich, to provide you a 
vefltl to convey you to France without delay, in cafe the 
captain of the vcflel, in which you came from Dantzick, 
fhould not like to make this (hort trip. M. Rofcnau 
having left this country fome time, I return you the letter 
you fent me for him. 

I wifli you, Sir, a fortunate voyage, and I beg you to 
believe me, Sec. 

Oo 3 


To the Duke of Savoy. (Page 211.) 

Whitehall, December 4th, O.S. 1712. 

I OWN I am at the fummit of my wifhes, fince your 
Royal Highnefs has condefcended to teftify you are con- 
tented with my conduct, and the honour you have juft 
conferred upon me, by your letter of the i6th of October, 
which M. de Mellarede gave me, would fatisfy an ambi- 
tion much more extenfive than mine ; the beft manner in 
which I can return fuch favour and goodnefs, will be to 
continue, with the fame zeal that has hitherto animated me 
to labour for the interefts of that Prince, who, of all others, 
beft deferves to govern. 

Your Royal Highnefs is, doubtlefs, informed, from the 
report of your Minifter, how much the Queen is difpofed 
to favour all your pretenfions. 

There is not, to my knowledge, a Tingle propofition, 
among all the reprefentations of M. de Mellarede, to 
which her Majefty has not given her confent ; and I 
have the honour to affure your Royal Highnefs, that the 
inftrucUons, as well to the Plenipotentiaries as to the Duke 
of Shrewfbury, wh'o is in a few days going to the Court 
of France, are conformable to your wifhes, and drawn up 
from the memorials of your Minifters. 

I muft not fmilh this letter, without exprefling, to your 
Royal Highnefs, the gratitude I feel, for your compliance 
with my requeft to give the Abbey de PAbondance to 
the Abbe cle Tencin. 

As the obligations I am under to your Lordfhip are far 
beyond my expreifion, I will confine myfelf to afiuring 
your Royal Highnefs, that my moft refpeclful attachment 
to you mall only ceafe with my life, and that among thole 
v, ho have the happinefs of bein.; your fubjecls, there is no 
one more devoted to you than, &c. 


From the Marquis de Torcy, (Page 213.) 

Verfailics, December io'h, 1712. 

AFTER having tired you, Sir, with one of my letters, 

I reply to rhat you did me the honour to write with your 

own hand, and which I received by La V igne. You do 

i me 


me great pleafure in approving my impatience ; it would 
have been impofllble for me to correct it, though you had 
condemned it, and I mould be very forry to retain an 
imperfection with which you would have to reproach me. 

It is a national defect in France to be ea^er and. impa- 
tient, and when the anfwers, upon an affair of fuch import- 
ance, as that of the peace, do not come up to the expecta- 
tion of the public, voices, without number, are raifed 
againft thofe whom they fuppofe have the conduct of the 
huilncfs. Sometimes alfo it happen?, that private intereft 
is at the bottom of the cenfure of the public, and I do 
allure you, there are times when the moft peifect Stoic 
would find it difficult to preferve his equanimity. In A 
word, my Lord, if in this country, we are not obliged to 
confult the minds of men, we at leaft rind, by daily ex- 
perience, that in fpite of national differences, all men arc 
alike in their manner of thinking. 1 entreat you tnen, 
never more to condemn the impatience I may ihow to you, 
though I am convinced you will not lofe a moment in the 
final completion of the work ; without your carj, it hid 
never been in the ftate in which we now fee it. 

I hops the larl of Strafford will difconcert all the in- 
trigues formed to prevent its conclufion, and at length will 
extinguish that warlike fpirit which pervades HolLad. It 
feems they ftill flattered themft-lves with retaining the 
Duke of Savoy in the intereft of the Houfe of Auftria. 
lie was promifed a powerful and certain intercellion, to 
fecure the marriage of die Prince of Piedmont with th: 
ekk'ft Archduchefs, and as the language varies according to 
contingencies, fo they aflert, that the Penfionary would do 
his utmoft that the propofal (hould have the fupport of 
France and Great Britain. You affure, me, Sir, there is 
no occafion to attend to fuch projcc'ts, a, id 1 am alfo pcr- 
fuaded, the Duke of Savoy is too wifj to .,:\v creuit to the 
Imperial Minifters' infmuutions, though countenanced by 
thofe of Holland, and to cxpofe himfelf to the rilk of 
lofmg the fruits of all her Majefty's exertions in his fa- 

You know, Sir, the mode of retreat chalked out by 
the Court of Vienna for M. Jj Staremberg, and con- 
fidering your fhips of war almoft as die King of Perils, 
they will have hi;n embark, with his eighteen thoufand, on 
board the frigates which M. Heimes is equipping at Am- 
O o 4 


fterdam. The Duke of Savoy is already threatened with 
the halt which thefe forces, coming from Catalonia into 
Italy, will make in the Milanefe. 

If we confult the general intereft, juftice, and the 
welfare of the peace, it becomes his Majefty, in concert 
with the Queen, to take effectual meafures to free the 
Princes of Italy from the oppreffion they labour under 
from the Germans. In truth, the conducl of thofe 
Princes merits little attention from France, but we muft 
have compaffion on their weaknefs, and match them from 
the greedy gripe of thofe who intend to devour them. 

The weather is fo tempeftuous that I (hall be uneafv 
about Matthew until I fee him ; fmce he is not to be 
hanged, I fhould be forry he were drowned. When his 
Excellency is arrived, we may wait with more patience 
the arrival of the ambaflador in the room of the Duke 
of Hamilton. Hfs death was truly unfortunate ; and it is 
a great advantage to a kingdo;n to be able to curb the fury 
of fuch combats, in which thofe perifh, who, at fome time 
or other, may be of fervice to the ft ate. 

I rsckon the Marquis de Monteleon will be immediately 
in London ; I have been urgent with him to fet off, be- 
caufe I hope you will be able to fettle with him the diffi- 
culties which my Lord Lexington may meet with, in treat- 
ing with the Spaniards. Diligence is not the chara&eriftic 
of that nation, and ignorance frequently increafes their 
natural flownefs. Monteleon has wit, and means well, 
and I hope you will find him ready to accommodate any 
thing that may have given uneafmefs at Madrid. It re- 
mains for me to thank you, my Lord, for the paragraph in 
your letter refpedting the Due de St. Pierre : though I am 
alive to his intereft, I own I am more fo to this mark of 
the honour of your friendfhip, and nothing would be more 
pleafmg to me than to be able to make known to you what 
I feel at this frefh proof of it. The continuance of your 
kind offices will be very neceffary for the Duke, and to give 
you more particular information of the juftice of his de- 
mands, permit me, my Lord, to fend you the printed me- 
morial which I received from him. 

I executed your orders with refpecl: to the Duke d'Au- 
mont, and read to him the paragraph in your letter which 
relates to him. He will foon have the pleafure of thank- 


ing you in perfon for the intereft you have taken in the fa- 
vour his iviajefty has done him before his departure. 

As for mytelf, Sir, I (hall find as many charms in the 
dark-vifaged gentleman as in Madame de Parabefe, when 
I receive from him intelligence from you. 1 fhould not 
probably have ventured to ufe fo honourable a phrafe, did 
I not fuppofe him to be now on this fide of the water, 
and, confequently, out of the reach of my letter. I would 
not he feould have to reproach me upon his arrival, for he 
would find a method to be revenged. I am, &c. 


Some days ago, I wrote to the Abbe, upon the fancy 
he has* got into his head of being a Bi(hop. Mankind 
often afk of the Almighty what would be their deftru&ion, 
and he rejects the prayers of thofe he loves. He who has 
laboured fo hard for the public quiet, muft not be left in a 
fituation, where he would be tormented all his life. And 
in truth, my Lord, what the Abbe Gaultier's friends ought 
to wifli, and to fcledl for him, is a good abbey, the reve- 
nues of which he may quietly receive and confume, with- 
out being forced to trouble himielf with the care of a dio- 
cefe, efpecially fuch a one as Tournay, where he would 
have to manage different interefts, and would be always 
liable to troubles without number or end. The King is 
very well difpofed towards him, and he will certainly not 
be without a confiderable abbey. 

From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 2i8.J 

Vcrfailles, December nth, 1711. 

I RECEIVE, Sir, with much pleafure, the aflurances 
you give me in your letter of November the 2ift, O.S. of 
a fpeedy conclufion of the peace. Were I not, as I really 
am, diipofed to believe you, it would not be allowable, I 
think, to doubt the fuccefs of a riegociation which the King 
and the Queen of Great Britain have equally promoted by 
the fureft means to bring it to a conclufion. 

I hope then, Sir, the rirft news from Holland, after the 
arrival of the Earl of Straffbrd, will inform us that the 
Dutch have at laft yielded to the Queen's firmnefs, and if 
the cabal of warriors, induced that republic to efpoufe a 



different intereft, nothing would be fo efficient to bring the 
Dutch at laft to reafon and their real intereft, as the re- 
folution of her Majefty to fign a feparate treaty with, the 
King and the King of Spain, to which fhould be admitted 
fuch of the allies of her Britannic Majefty as were inclined 
to accede to it. 

You have reafon to believe, Sir, that the King is fatisfied 
with this refolution, and you have feen, fmce the com- 
mencement of the negotiation, that his Majefty always 
acled like one convinced that the confequences would be 
uch as have occurred, and perfectly anfwering the entire 
Confidence he placed in her Britannic Majefty. 

The King obferves, with fatisfa&ion, your account of 
Mr. Prior's gsneral orders, refpe&ing the interefts of the 
Elector of Bavaria. The Queen of Great Britain has done 
fo much for the Duke of Savoy, that (he can eafily fup- 
pofe how much his Majefty is interefted for the Elector, 
to procure him a reparation for his lofles. Let me, Sir, 
differ with you in part in what you fay on the fubjecl: of 
Tournay, for it is true, and I can aflure you of it, the 
King would willingly have ceded that place to augment 
his remuneration. If the Duke of Savoy confines his pre- 
tenfions to what his Majefty has offered him, all difficulties 
upon the barrier demanded by that Prince on the fide of 
France, are removed, for nothing remains but the liberty 
to fortify ; and his Majefty will grant him that, in confi- 
deration of the Queen of Great Britain, provided he en- 
gages at the fame time to oblcrve the treaty of Turin in 
1696, relative to Pignerole, and to leave that place inclofed 
only with a wall, without ever rebuilding the fortifications. 

You refer me to what Mr. Prior is ordered to fay, on 
the fubjeiit of the Duke of bavoy ; on that account I wait 
to fptak to him, as alfo to fettle with him the two difficul- 
ties which you ftill meet with in the draughts of the treaties 
drawn at Utrecht. 1 hope he will come well inftructed 
in the Queen's intentions, and that we (hall eafily hit upon 
fome expedient to eftabliih a perfect underftandinu; between 
the Kind's Plenipotentiaries and thofe of the Queen of 
Great Britain, at the conferences of Utrecht. 

Thus,. Sir, you will have the pleafure to fee your opi- 
nion confirmed, and the day faft approaching when the 
conclufion of a good peace will give happinefs to fo many 



As in the mean time we muft carefully guard againft 
any aft of hoftility that may happen between thofe who, 
for four months, have not looked upon each other as ene- 
mies, the King thinks there is not a moment to be loft, in 
publishing his orders to prolong the fufpenfion of arms, 
which expires, as you know, Sir, the 22d inftant ; I 
fend you the draught of this ordinance, and I can receive 
your anfwer by the meilenger, whom I difpatch to you, 
before the time expires. I therefore beg you will let me 
know, if this draught is conformable to the Queen's fen- 
timents, and her Britannic Majefty will iflwe a like procla- 
mation. According to form, it mould be preceded by an 
agreement figned in the name, and by virtue of power from 
the King and from the Queen of Great Britain. If the 
Duke d'Aumont were now in London, he might fign 
this agreement with you, or I might fign it with Mr. 
Prior if he were here ; but the ordinance and the procla- 
mation will fuppofe the thing done, and the eifentia! 
point is to make known their Majefties' pleafure, with re- 
fpecl to the continuation of the fufpenfion. 

The fufpenfion may alfo be figned at Utrecht by the 
Plenipotentiaries. The King fends orders accordingly, 
and the bufinefs will be foon concluded, if the Queen's 
Minifrers have limilar orders. However, to avoid every 
inconvenience at lea, the Xing fends intelligence to all the 
ports, that the fufpenfion will be prolonged: and thefe, Sir, 
are all the precautions that can be taken. 

The Duke d'Aumont has taken leave of the King; 
he leaves Paris on Thurfday next, and as he hopes the 
Queen will fend one of her yatchs to Calais, he will dif- 
patch a meflengcr to inform you e^.adly of the day he may 
be there. 

The King was very forry to hear the unhappy accuk-nt 
of the Duke of Hamilton : his fucccflbr to this Court is 
named, but with no ceitainty. His Rlijefty is fully per- 
fuaded, that a perfon, appointed by the Queen, will have 
nothing more at heart than to ftrengthen tlint good under- 
ftanding and union which an advantageous peace will foon 
reftore. 1 am, &c. 




From the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 273.) 

Verfailles, December i4th, 1712. 

BY the exprefs mefTenger I received the honour of your 
letter of .he luth November, O.S. v. :> h two copies of the 
act, figned by you, to prolong the f. fper ,on ~i arms for 
four, months. I have ligni-d it . v the King'" order, and 
his Majefty has commanded me to n tuin yoa one of the 
duplicates, as I do, by the fame meflenger. The publi- 
cation will fcrvc tor a ratification, therefore 1 .huik it ufe- 
lefs for either iide lo execute one. I :l;b hope ihat a good 
peace will foon do away the neceffity of fuch aot ', and as 
the Earl of Strafford is arrived at Utrecht, there is no rea- 
fon to doubt we ihall immediately fee the effect of his de- 
clarations, made by order of the Queen. 

According to your defire, I fend you copies of the 
renunciations made to the Crown of Spain by the Dukes 
of Berry and Orleans, the draughts were drawn at Ma- 
drid, and as they had been communicated to Lord Lexing- 
ton, I fuppofed he had fent them to her Britannic Majefty. 
You will find the terms not lefs ftrong than thofe in the 
King of Spain's renunciation, and the fame expreflions 
ufed in the places where they were neceflary. 

The only act now remaining to be done, is the King's 
Jetters-patent to the Parliaments, to re:;;rter the King of 
Spain's renunciations. As it feems neceflary to wait till the 
arrival of fome perfon in behalf of the Queen of Great 
Britain, before thefe letters are expedited, I will alfo fend 
you a copy of it, as foon as Mr. Prior arrives, if, as I be- 
lieve, he precedes the Duke of Shrewfbury. 

The Queen could not have felected an ambafiador more 
diftinguifhed by his rank and perfonal qualities, and the 
nomination is lo much more agreeable to the King, as 
his Majefty knows he has a perfect knowledge of every- 
thing that has occurred, during the courfe of the negocia- 
tion, the final fettlement of which I hope we (hall foon fee. 
I am, &c. 



To the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 225.) 

Whitehall, December isth, 1712. 

TH 17 Abbe Gaultier's meflcnger having brought me 
the a*Sl to prolong the fufpenfion of" arms, it has been, by 
orde: f the Oueen in council, and without lofs of time, 
publi flied, according; to our forms. 

Mat 'he 1 , muft now Sc you ; the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury ernoarks to-morrow, and the Abbe Gaultier dues him- 
felf the honour to write to you, upon two articles touched 
upon in one of your letter's, and which require an expla- 
nation ; Co that I fhoula be very unreafonable if I abufed 
your p; ' no by the length of this letter. . . 

The Marquis fa Mpnt^on fully anfwers the character 
you gave me of him; he feems difpofed to avoid delays, 
which, in trie prefcat c..fe, would be dangerous. I hope 
in few days tc receive letters from the Queen's Commiflary, 
fent form- fime *> to explain with the Spani/h Minifttrs, 
certain a; tides refpe&inj, commerce; and I am perfuaded, 
that in two conferences with the Duke of Shrewfbury, 
you will remove all other obftacles to the concluflon of the 
peace; which, thank God ! are very few, and not of the, 
laft importance. 

I did myfelf the honour to write to the Duke de St. 
Pierre, and I flatter myfelf you are convinced I will omit 
cothiag, on my part, to advance his intereft ; it is fufficient 
to know he is related to you, to fecure my devotion to his 

I own, Sir, I am entirely of opinion with you, in regard 
to the Abbe Gaukier, who is very fortunate in having you 
for his patron. 

Amid the joy which every honeft man muft feel at the 
approach of peace, I have the mortification to think, that I 
ihali rarely have a pretence to write to you ; yet do not 
forget me, Sir, but preferve a portion of friendship for a 
man, who has the higheft efteem and friendfliip for you, 
and who will be all his life, &c. 




To the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 227.) 

S I R, 

Whitehall, December i6t'n, O.S. 1712. 
AS Baron de Walef perfifts in his defign of going to 
France, I could not excufe myfelf writing to you this 
letter, to allure you he is an officer of diltinguifhed merit, 
I will add, he is much my friend, and I i'houid be rejoiced 
to learn he was fortunate enough to have you for his pro- 
tector. I am, c. 


Note. (Page 233.] 

JWonfieur de Torcy's Anfaer. 

THE King will give the 
Duke of Lorainc the places 
of which his JViajefty was put 
into poflefiion, for conveni- 
ence, and for the fecuriry of 
the frontier of his kingdom, 
during the prefent war. 

Kis ivlajelty will execute 
thof conditions of the treaty 
of kyfw'ck, which relate to 
that Prince. 

He may prefent memorials 
to the King, by h s Envoy 
here, or to hiVMajefty's Ple- 
nipotentiaries at Utrecht. 

The Duke of Lorainc has re- 
prejcnted to tJ)c Queen of 

VcrfailKs, Dec, *8ch, 1711. 

THAT he has a right to 
re-enter the diftri6h of Lo- 
raine, which France has, for 
h"r private convenience, oc- 
cupied, on account of the war. 

To recover pofleffion of 
the places which (hould bere- 
ftcred to him purfuant to the 
treaty of Ryfwic. 

The particulars of the 
Duke of Loraine's prcten- 
fions ought to be fettled at 
the general conferences at 
Utrecht , her Majefty of 
Grea Britain expects, in the 
mean time, that the Plenipo- 
tentiaries of his Moft Chrif- 
tian Ivajefty, are provided 
\vith orders favoursrbie to the 
jult deaiands of this Prince, 
which fbe has reafon to hope 
from the equity and generofity 
-of his Moft Cfariftian Majefty. 



PROPOSITION. (Page 238.) 

THAT the ifland of Cape Breton (hall remain to his 
Majefty, with liberty to fortify it. That ;he province of 
Acadia, with all the rights and prerogatives enjoyed by the 
French, ftiall be ceded by his Majefty to the Queen of 
Great Britain, together with the ifland of Newfoundland, 
and the adjacent iflands. It being well underftood, that 
the French fhall have and preferve the right of nfliing, and 
of drying their fifli, on the coaft of the faid ifland of New- 
foundland, from Cape Bonavifta, proceeding northwards, 
to Point Rich. 

That all the iflands fituated at the entrance of the river, 
and in the Gulph of St. Laurence, {hall belong to the 

Note. (P^ge 240.) 

Answer to Mr. Prior's Me- 
morial, received iqth De- 
cember^ 1712. 

NATIONS in friendfhip 
are treated in France as to 
duties on merchandifes im- 
ported, as the King's fubje&s ; 
it is not fo in England, whofe 
fubjects are treated differently 
from {tranters. 

It is propofcd to treat the 
French in England, as the 
JEnglifh are treated in Francej 
this bafts is good, it fuppofes 
an equality neceflary to re- 
ftore a commerce, that has 
been interrupted between the 
two nations fince 1667. But 
the confequence does not an- 
fwer the principle laid down : 
it is dcftred that the Englifh 
may enjoy in France, the 

Mr. Prhr's Memorial^ 2\Jl 
Dtcemb^r^ 1712. 

(i) IT is propofed that 
the Englifh, with refpecl: to 
duties in France, fliould be 
treated as amici(Jtma gens y and 
that the French fhould be 
treated in -England in the 
fame manner. 

(2, For this purpofe, all 
general prohibitions againft 
the entry of merchandife fhall 
be annul. ed on both fides ; 
and as the English, by this 
means, will enjoy the tariff 
of 1 664 as the Dutch now do, 
we will endeavour tofettle 
and regulate affairs of com- 
merce as foon as the Parlia- 
ment meets, fo that the con- 
ditions be equal on both fides. 
(30 "" 



tariff of 1664, that all pro- 
hibitions and decree 4 , which 
have laid duties different to 
that tariff, be annulled : and 
for an advantage fo great and 
fo certain, endeavours fliall be 
made to adjuft affairs of com- 
merce, as foon as the Parlia- 
ment meets, fo as the condi- 
tions be equal on both fides. 
If this article were granted, 
the F.ngliih have all they de- 
manded, and yet we muft 
wait for the difcuffion of the 
Parliament of England,which 
we have no reafon to fuppofe 
is very favourable to the com- 

merce of France. 

The negociation commenc- 
ed upon the bafis that we 
fhould agree for all the pro- 
ductions, whether of nature 
or art, which constitute the 
trade refpeclively between 
France and England ; and 
upon the duties they fliould 
pay, upon being imported into 
either kingdom, as fairly as 
can be, as the welfare of 
the commerce of the two 
countries demands, which 
fuppofes a difcuffion in detail, 
carried on by ftatemcnts that 
have been made, and might 
be communicated, if England 
would do the fame., 

The fuppreiTionoftheduty 

That the impoft of 53 

of 50 per ton will create no per ton, on Englifh fhjps 

difficulty at the fame time as carrying merchandife to 

the duty of five /hillings is France, as alfo that of five 

in England. {hillings fterling laid on 

Qbferve, French 



Obferve, Englifh fhips 
mull not trade from port to 
port in this kingdom. 

By article 13, in the pro- 
ject of the treaty of com- 
merce, given in by the Eng- 
lifh Plenipotentiaries at U- 
trecht, the fame liberty was 
demanded for the fale of to- 
bacco; but, upon the ob- 
fervations made on that pro- 
ject, the Plenipotentiaries of 
England having given in a 
fecond projf&, they altered 
the nth article of this laft, 
and it was agreed that in 
France, with refpel to to- 
bacco, the Englifti ihould 
be treated in the fame man- 
ner as the King's fubje6ts ; 
from which we fuppofed this 
difficulty removed. 

This article is already 

The fame thing had been 
demanded by the firlt pro- 
ject, article 17, but from the 
obfervations then made, it 
was not mentioned in the 
fecond, therefore this diffi- 
culty was fuppofed to be at 
an end. 

If another difcuflion is re- 
quired, we may review the 
remarks on the firft project, 
which are too long for in- 
fertiou in this memorial. 


French (hips in England, be 
entirely taken off and abo- 
lifhed on both fides. 

(4) As tobacco is farm- 
ed in France, and the Eng 
lifh merchants cannot fell it 
to other than the CommifTa- 
ries appointed by the Farm 
ers of tobacco, which does 
great injury to the EngliHi, 
entirely preventing all free- 
dom of commerce in this 
refpecl, it is expefted that 
the French will devife the 
means to foften this inequa- 
lity in commerce. 

(5) That the fubjecls of 
her Britannic Majefty who 
are now fettled, or may here- 
after fettle in France, fliall 
be exempt from the right 
d'Aubaine, and be. fuffered 
to difpofe of their effects by 
will, gift, or otherwife. 

(6) As it is ufual in Eng- 
land for French merchants 
who bring thither merchan- 
dife, after having mad^ their 
report at the Cuftom-houfe 
of the cargo in their veffels, 
in cafe there are more bales 
or tons of merchandife than 
were reported, they are per- 
mitted to make a lupple- 
mentary report, generally 
called a poft-entry ; it is re- 
quired that Englifh mer- 
chants carrying merchandife 

P p to 



According to the tariff of 
1664, pacfcc.--;s, wrappers, 
cafes, &ic. are dedu6tt3 up- 
on drills and grocery only. 

With regard to duties 
for meicharidife wafted or 
fpoilt-d, it is fettled in a 
friendly manner, between the 
King's fanners and the mer- 
chants : there has never been 
any regulation with refpecY 
to this. 

A general and cuftomary 
article in commercial trea- 

to France, do enjoy a lilcd 

(7) It. is alfo required,, 
that the drawback granted 
for rnerchandifeiboiled,pack- 
ages, &c. called tare, ihould 
alfo be granted upon an equal 
foot by both parties. 


Statement of the Wares 




Walnut-tree logs. 

Ditto planks and tables. 


Large capers.' 

Small ditto. 



Hungary- water. 




Oil of olives. 



Honey. i 

(8) And, in general, that 
the fubje&s of Great Bri- 
tain and thofe of France, 
may enjoy a reciprocal free- 
dom with refpeft to trade, 
and that both parties do en- 
deavour to open and facili- 
tate it by the beft means that 
can be ufed. 
(Page 246.) 
and ProduR'Uns cf the Kingdun, 

Stone in fquares. 
Plafter-of- Paris. 
Feathers for beds. 

Apples in forts. 
Plums in forts- 
Dried raifius. 

Wine, red & white. 



Statement of the Manufatturcs of France. 

tloth of fine wool, for women, of all colours. 

Ditto ordinary. 

Cloth of fine wool, for men, of all colours. 

Ditto ordinary. 


Gold and filver buttons, fine wire, of the large fort. 

Ditto of the fmall fort. 

Gold and filver buttons, wire-drawn on filk, forted half 
large and half imall. 

Buttons of fine filver, or filver gilt, maflive and plated 
on wood-moulds. 

Buttons of the fmall fort. 

Brocades, ground of gold and fine filver. 

Brocades, upon damalk taffety or fatin, ornaments and 
flowers raifed of fine filver. 

Brocades, of gold and fine filver ground, glazed, with- 
out any flowers or ornaments of coloured filk. 

Brocades, itrong, of pure filk ground, fatin damaflc 
or taffetas, worked with coloured flowers, no gold or 

Brocades, fmaller, of pure filk, fatin damaflc or tafFety 
ground, with flowers of different colours, 

Serges, wide and narrow* 

Playing cards. 

Beaver hats. 

Woollen hats of all forts. 

White laces in forts, fafhion of Puy d'Auvergne and 
Normandy, and other provinces. 

Druggets (horn, examines, ras de maroc de barriere de 
caftor, Mount Cayards and Dauphiny, of wool only, and 
tnixed with filk* 

Druggets and plufhes, of gold or fine filk thread, of 
hemp, of flax, and of all colours. 

Fine gold thread. 

Ditto filver. 

Galoons, fringes^ and laces of fliam goldj threaded on filk. 

Ditto of {ham filver. 

Simple gauzes, plain or ftriped. 

Ditto with flowers, worked with filk or wool. 

Damaflien gauzes. 

]et, in different pieces of work. 

French glafies, Venice pattern. 

P p 2 Smtll 


Small Wares* 

Bridles, buckles and buttons, of copper or metal, plain 
and worked, gilt or not gilt ; buttons of filk, or filk and 
hair, or hair only ; curry-combs ; ftirrups ; leather gloves 
of all forts, for man or woman, plain or ornamented, of 
leather or taffety ; pins ; needles ; etuis for the pocket , 
patch and muff boxes, of ivory, horn, or wood, plain, 
engraved, carved, or ornamented with gold or filk,; fwords, 
mounted, with guard and handle of any metal ; fpec- 
tacles of all forts ; whips ; works of copper, engraved or 
emboffed, gilt or not gilt ; combs, of fhell, ivory, horn,, 
or wood ; iteel works, polifhed or gilt, and all forts of 
other fmall pieces of workmanfhip for the pocket. 
Mohair of gold and filver. 
Ditto of filk. 

Gold and fine filver, threaded on filk, of all qualities. 

Perukes, white, chefnut, and black. 
Cutlery, fine, as knives, fciflars, razors, Airgeons' 
and watchmakers' inftruments, and other works. 

Silk ribbons, with flowers or ttripes of gold and filver, 
from the narroweft to the breadth of four inches. 

Ribbons, wove with gold or fine filver, from the breadth 
of one inch to four. 

Serges of Nifmes and Ufez. 

Taffetas, plain, ftriped, clouded, fhot, changing to all 

Tapeftry, Bergame, or druggets of Rouen, of thread, 
wool, or filk. 

Linens, white, fine, and ftrong, from Normandy and 

Linens, common,- of Normandy; cloths of thread and 
cotton, in fquares ; royal cloths for fails. 

Cloths, white, called quintens, or narrow brctagnes. 
Cloths, white, of Morlaix, called narrow ecrues. 
Ditto ditto wide ditto. 

Cloths, white, worked for napkins; flight cloths dc 

Unbleached hempen cloths, of one-third, three-fourths, 
one-half, and ell wide, one with the other. 

Glafles, and all forts of glafs-work, except glafles of the 
Venice fafhion. 


Note. (Page 252.) 
(9) Copy of- tie Duke of Loraine's letter. 

December i6:h, 1711. 

I AM very forry, Sir, that your illne's prevents my Tee- 
ing you, but I hope in a little time you will be well. 
Sautez yefterc.iy jive me an account of What you faid to 
him concerning tne bufinefs I had entrufted to him ; and, 
that you may give a ftill better account, I fend you the in- 
clofed fhort memorial ; by the bad manner in which it is 
drawn up, you know it to be my ftyle. *I hope the King 
will nd I had reafon to do as I did, unlefs I had entangled 
myfelf in an aukward bufinefs ; on that account, I beg you 
to recollect you told me, Sir, the King wiftied that affair 
fhould be managed by the general confent of the allies, for 
the greater fecurity; that the fleps taken by me at the 
Court of Vienna were only officium boni viri^ and there- 
fore it was not juft to implicate -ne in the difcufiion. I 
flatter myfelf the King will afloat to my reafons, and will 
be convinced that my application was folely to pleafe nis 
Majefty, and to make known my refpectful attachment to 
him. 1 fhould be miferable, Sir, if I were miftaicen, or 
I fhould give oftcnce, when it was o'ut of my power 
to act otherwife. I am, &c. 

(10) M. D'AUDFIRET will recoiled}, that when he 
came here from the King his maftcr, to fignify to me his 
Majefty's wimes, that I fhould exert my good offices 
with the allies, to procure the neceflary fecurity within my 
dominions for the Chevalier St. George, againft the in- 
curfions of the troops of the fame allies, i told him, at that 
time, I thought, that as, by my advice, the Queen of Great 
Britain had already granted her paflport to the faid Cheva- 
lier, he had only to demand one of the Emperor and of 
the Dutch ; and I addu-d, it was proper to begin by afk- 
ing one of the Emperor, becaufe I was perfuadcd, that 
if he granted it, the Dutch would be lefs difficult, and 
propofmg firft to Holland an affair of fuch confequence, 
which muft pafs through the refolutions of all the pro- 
vinces, would be produ<5Hve of delay, and probably great 

Monheur d'Audifret appeared to approve of my plan, 

and I loft not a moment in writing to my Envoy at Vi- 

P p 3 enna, 


enna, whofc illncfs has prevented my having an anfwcr 

Upon my application, the Emperor fent me a copy of 
the pafs he intended to give, with a letter, of which J 
fubjoin the tranflation ; in both thefe Monfieur d'Audifret 
will find paflages under-marked, to which I beg his atten- 
tion when he gives an account to the Court. 

(ll) 1'ranjlation of the Emperor's letter to his Royal 

YOUR Refident, Valentini, has, on your part, humbly 
requefted, that the neceflary orders may be given, to the 
end that the perfon called the Chevalier St. George, who 
is to remove to your dominions, may remain there fecure 
from my troops and thofe of the allies ; and though I am 
happy to (how, on all occafions, my readinefs to grant 
your requefts, and though I know full well the reafons 
why you could not refufe the intimation given you upon 
this affair, and though I myfelf lament the unfortunate 
lituation of the Chevalier, yet from circumftances worthy 
of reflection, and which may be eafily imagined, it is dif r 
ficult to grant him the paflport required in its full ex- 
tent; therefore I can only give it conditionally, that you 
take great care that a proper ufe be made of /'/, without pre- 
judice to the common cauj'e\ failing in which, you ivill be 
refponfable to me, to the empire^ and to the reft of the allies. 

Upon perufal of the draught of the paflport and of the 
letter, 1 hope, from the account Monfieur d'Audifret will 
give, the King will be convinced of the care I have 
taken to fucceed in what his Majefty deiired of me; will 
obferve my inclination to pleafe his Majefty, not only 
on this occaiion, but in all others that have occurred, and 
may occur in future ; but the two market palla^es in the 
pafs, and in the Emperor's letter, have obliged me, and I 
loft no time, to remonftrate to his Imperial Majefty, that 
I and my dominions being neutral, I could not be clogged 
with fuch conditions ; that I looked upon them as terms 
of the Chancery ; that I hoped the Emperor would grant 
me the favour, without thefe reftrietions, which I could 
by no means admit. I expect an anfwer in eight or ten 
days at lateft, unlefs the relapfe of my Envoy retatds it ; 
and as foon as it comes to hand, Monfieur d'Audifret fliall 
be informed of it. 

\ I hope the King will find that 1 haye. afted properly 



upon this occafion, and that being, as Ifaid, neutral, I could 
not in any fhape take fuch engagements upon me : I flat- 
ter myfelf that in this juncture, as in all others, his Ma- 
jefty will fee that my fole attention is to (how my at- 
tachment to him, and my very fincere wifhes to give him 
pleafure in every thing dependent upon me. 

If, during this interval, it Ihould be thought proper 
for me to ftir on the fide of Holland, I wnl do Jit with 
pleafure ; and if Monfieur d'Audifret wiihes to ftop for 
orders from Court, I will not proceed till they arrive; but 
if he thinks I can, in the mean time, make fome progrefs, 
he has only to inform me, and I fliaJl always be ready to 
execute what he may advife upon this fubject. 

Note. (Page 262.) 

(4) Artii. ' 7 e propofed about the tarif of 1664, r eceii)ed from 

Monjieut de Torcy, "/th January, 1713. 
*^ THE articles, refpecting the liberty which the fub- 
je&s of both nations fhall have, and ought to have, to 
trade, &c. fhall be expreffed in general terms ; and if, in 
the difcuffion of them, any exception is made, it fhall be 
fettled, without lofs of time, either with the Duke of 
Shrewsbury, Mr. Pnur, or, at Utrecht, with the Pleni- 
potentiaries of France and Great Britain. 

Whenever an adt of the Britifh Parliament is paffed, to 
reduce the duties on wares of th^- growth and nunufadture 
of France, to the fame proportion as thofe laid in F: 'nee 
upon the wares of the growth and manufa&ure of Great 
Britain, according to the tariff of 1664, the fubjedts of 
Great Britain ftiall then enjoy the faid tariff in France, 

Note. (Page 262.) 

(5) Received from Monfieur de Torcy y Jib "January^ 



BY article 4, in the plan of the treaty of peace with 
Great Britain, fcnt to Utrecht, in the month of Auguft 
laft, it is faid, llle qui Regis Magna Britannia titulum 
cffumpfit, &c. 

At pretent the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain wfh 

to alter that expreflion, which they agreed to, and to fub- 

itjtute th fgllowijig terms, qui Regis Magna Britannia 

P p 4 nomen 


nomen ufurpavity or ftbi arrogavit, terms which add no 
force to the engagement the King takes upon himfelf by 
this article, in regard to the fuccefiion, as fettled by Par- 

Upon article 8, it has always been obferved, that it is 
neceffary to diftinguifli two different kinds of fluices at 
Dunkirk one ferving to cleanfe the harbour, the other 
to give vent to the waters which otherwife would drown 
the country. 

There is no difficulty about deftroying the firft, as being 
part of the fortifications j but as to the others, the deflruc- 
tion of them would be the ruin of the furrouncling coun- 
try, without producing any advantage to England : Lord 
Bolingbroke informed himfelf of the truth of this, in 
paffing through Dunkirk, on his return to London ; and 
on his report to the Queen of Great Britain, we doubt pot 
the difficulty, in this article, is already removed. 

The 9th article of the plan imports, that the King {hall 
give up to the Queen of Great Britain, Hudfon's Bay, 
&c. in the manner they are now pofiefied by the King and 
the French. 

The Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain infift that it 
(hall be expreffed, that France fhall reftore, not only what 
has been taken from the Englijh^ but, alfo all that England 
has ever pojfijjea in that quarter. 1 his new claufe differs 
from the plan, and would be a fource of perpetual difficul- 
ties ; but to avoid them, the King has fent to his Pleni- 
potentiaries the fame map of North America, as had been 
furnimed by the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain. His 
Majefty has caufed to be drawn upon this map, a line 
which defcribes the boundaries, in fuch a manner as he -has 
reafon to believe they may eafily agree this point on both 

If, however, there fhould be any obftacle which the 
Plenipotentiaries cannot remove, the decifion muft be re.- 
ferred to Commiflaries, to be named for the adjuftment of 
the boundaries in America. The fame article fays, that the 
King's fubje&s fliall be at liberty to depart from their lands, 
in places ceded by his Majefty to the Crown of Great Bri- 
tain, to carry with them their goods and moveables, and to 
go wherever they pleafe, by fea or by land. The Plenipo- 
tentiaries of France have alfo referved to them, the right 
of difpofing of their immoveable effects in the fpace of 
three years, 



The Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain difpute the term 
of three yea. -, and .vi 'i to confine it to one. They alfo 
pretend to make a diftinclion between places ceded and 
places which they call reftored. They agree to let the 
French have ihe term of one year, to difpofe of their im- 
movables in pieces ceded, but they contend they ought not 
to have t!ie fame liberty in places reftored. Under the: 
name of places ceded, they include Acadia, and the ifland 
of St. Chriitopher. Under the name of places reftored, 
Hudfon's Bay and Strait, and the Ifland of Newfoundland. 
To remove this difficulty, the term may be fixed to two 
years, or eighteen months, and the French, eftabliftied there, 
may have an equal liberty of difpofmg of their immoveables 
within that term, as well in places yielded, as in places re- 

Upon article 10, the Plenipotentiaries of France demand, 
that the Englifh, obtaining the right to prefer their com- 
plaints of lofs fuftained in Hudfon's Bay before the Com- 
miflaries, the King's fubjecls fhould have the fame right 
with regard to the bufmefs at Nevis and Gambia. 

This mutuality, which the Plenipotentiaries of Great 

i have not yet been willing to grant, feerns juft : 

the iin^lifh fhail have the fame liberty to reprefent their 

lofcs laft year at Montferrat, and to folicit a reparation, 

which (hall be granted to them. 

Article 1 1 of the plan imported, that the French could 
not, in future, fi(h upon the coafts of Acadia, and the. Ple- 
nipoicntiaries of Great Britain wifti now to extend this 
prohibition. They contend that the French fhould not fifh 
within ?o leagues to the fouth-eaft of that province, and 
ten Lague? to the north-weft. If this pretenfion were ad- 
mitted, the French could not fifh even in the gulph of St. 
Lawrence. The propofal communicated to Mr. Prior, 
will do away this difficulty, as it is there remarked that 
Acadia is ceded, with all the rights and prerogatives which 
the French enjoyed. It were ufelefs to enter into a more 
parrcular difcuflion. 

Upon article 12, the Plenipotentiaries of Great Bri- 
tain have propofed to limit the time of fHhery for the 
French, from the beginning of April, to the 2Oth of Sep- 
tember ; but as this new reftriclion is impracticable, con- 
trary to general cuftom and the good underftanding we 
wifti to eftablifli between the two nations, we are per- 
fuaded the Queen of Great Britain will difapprove of it. 



From tke Marquis de Torcy. (Page 272.) 

Vcrfaillc?, December 29:11. 171:. 

UNDER, the outward fcmblance of Matthew, you 
have fent us, my Lord, the legitimate fon of M. ^uys; 
nothing is wanting but for him to till his glafs like his 
father. He is othcrwife as much a Dutchman, and I think: 
much more obftinate. We have been forced to yield and 
conform to his wifhes ; ftiil he was not contented; but 
I hope you will, and that all the obftacles that retarded 
the ngning of the peace, are about to be removed ; I 
muft own 1 expert bitter reproaches from the King's 
Plenipotentiaries, who ftrongly difputed with yours, thofe 
articles which Matthew has gained without much trouble, 
and perhaps with lefs reafon. In one word, 1 believe you 
will be more pleafed with his Excellency than I am, and 
I hope the Duke of Shrewfbury, whom I expect every 
moment, will find affairs far advanced. I doubt not they 
ire alfo in a forward ftate at Utrecht, and your allies be- 
come more reafonable. 

I muft now leave the Duke d'Aumont to talk with you 
on thefe fubje&s ; but I beg you, my Lord, not to give 
me a difmiffal ; I aflure you, that whenever I am reduced 
to write to you only letters of compliment, I mould like 
better to importune you with even them, than to think you 
have forgotten me. 

Before I recur to this laft refource, you c^ive me, my 
Lord, frem occafion to thank you for the good offices you 
Hill continue to the Duke of St. Pierre. There is cer- 
tainly no p;rfcn to whom I like to bz under obligation fp 
n.uch as to you; my fatisfa&jtin will be complete, if ever 
I find the means of proving to you 3 ho\v much 1 am, &c. 


Matthew told me, he was di (patching a mefienger for 
England, fo you will hear from him in what (late we have 
arranged the reft of the difficulties which retarded the con- 
el ufi on of the treaty. 

In the name of God, Sir, order jour Plenipotentiaries 
to be lefs excellent grammarians. Ours, who alfo under- 
ftand the force of Latin expreffions, are out of patience 
\vhen they fee difficulties, which have been long adjufted, 
jiarted again, and the difference between ceflion and 


ftitution, and the meaning of jhofe terms. In truth, Sir, 
fuch queftions ought not to be the amufement of ho- 
nourable men. They are, at beft, excufable only with 
thofe to whom we ma? apply amantlum ira. Finifh thefe 
difputes, which, if they continue longer, will only profit 
our enemies. 

You let the Dnke d'Aumont tire himfelf at Boulogne; 
fince his arrival there, his impatience to proceed to Eng- 
land is, I am perfuaded, much increafed ; I ihould be the 
fame, were I in his place, that I might allure you, J I 
am, &c. 


To Madame de Feriole. (Page 286.) 

Whitehall, January ?rh, O.S. 1712. 

IN truth, Madam, your letters make me blufh, and jn- 
ftead of beinjj obliged to me for the little fervices I have 
been able to do the Abbe de Tencin, I am unhappy at 
not bring A\- } -~- to -nakea better return for your goodnefs 
towards met icafe to preferve me a place in your re- 
rance ; rely upon it, that by the goodnels of my 
heart, 1 will try to fupply the defers in my underftanding 
and that, defpairing of fuccefs on the fcore of affe&ion, 
I will exert myi'clr" to gain upon that of efteem. 

I am, Madam, and fiiall ever be, with infinite refpefr, 


To the Marcbioncfs de Croifly. (Page 186.) 

Whitehall, laoiarv 7'h, O.S. 1712. 

I DECLARE, Madam, I blufh with fhame, when I 
think of die trouble you have .'taken to procure me the 
two prctti.ft toys I ever faw. The workman was wrong 
when he fuppofed a fnuff-box of wood did not fuit my 
tafte. When the inlide is valuable, nothing charms me 
more than a iimplicitv in the outude, and 1 know many 
people who would make a much better appearance in the 
world, if they bore a cloler refemblano: to my fnuft-box. 

Madam, I muft not trouble you unneceflarily, it is 
time for me to conclude my letter, begging you to believe 
that I am, fee. 


I take the liberty to fend you honey-water, Barbadoes- 
water, and Spanifh wine, which I hope will anfwer better 
than the cyder. 


To the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 289.) 
S IR, 

Whitehall, Jnnuary 7th, OS. --12-13. 

THE Duke d'Aumont's meffenger mull i..,t depart 
without a line from me. I have too long enjoyed the 
fv/eets of your correfpondence ever to confent to be de- 
prived of it ; and of all the advantages which Gcd, or 
nature, or fortune, have confbrr-:-d on the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury, I envy him nothing more than his fituation, which 
enables him to fee you every day, and to enjoy your 
converfation every moment. 

I hope. Sir, the difputes between the Plenipotentiaries 
are now, at leaft, finithed, as it appears by my letters from 
Utrecht, that they began to approximate on the article of 
the treaty of commerce, which was .the .principal lubjecl: 
of their differences, and, perhaps, has never been too well 
underftood on either fide. 

There are certain things which derive their confe- 
quence purely from being difputed ; the difference be- 
tween the expreflions cedendis and reftituendis, between 
ajjumppt and ujurpavit^ or arrogavit, is not very effential : 
the mind was, however, not a little heated in the difpute, 
and it required fome trouble to convince certain people 
that the matter was not worthy of attention. 

Since I knew the Duke of Shrewsbury had landed in 
France, my mind has been eafy; in the name of God, 
iiniib. with him, and when you have fo done, write a 
joint-letter to the Plenipotentiaries at Utrecht. I imagine 
the points we had to difcufs with the Court of Spain were 
concluded through her Aiajetly's condefcenfion. Thus, 
Sir, the Queen may open the beflion by ftating the nego- 
tiation with France and Spain to be concluded. 

I do not know if there are fti'il not fome among the 
Dutch Minifters, who flatter themfelves they have it ftill 
in their power to perplex affairs by the intrigues they 
continue to carry on with the fo&icn in our two Houfes. 
I own I am not afraid of them, and I build my confidence, 
not only on the firmnefs exhibited here, but on the in- 
tegrity and moderation experienced on your fide. 

It is time to conclude both the negociation and my 
letter, alluring you, I am, &c. 

5 From 


From the Marquis ele Torcy. (Page 325.) 

M^rli, January i8rh, 1713, N.S. 

FINISH,. my Lord, all remaining difficulties ; it really 
is time for us to reeftablifti a friendly intercourfe, fince 
both fides defire it, and their intentions are equally good. 

I will not tire you with the account of difputes re- 
lating to the Newfoundland fifliery, I leave that to the 
Duke d'Aumont and the Duke of Shrewfbury, I will 
only fay, and that . frankly, that the proportion which 
Matfhew fends you is, according to the language of the 
Germans and the Dutch, our ultimatum. 

Finifli our quarrels ; let us think of nothing but 
friemlmip ; however ftric"l it may be between our na- 
tions, you will be indebted to you rfelf alone for that which 
all who have the honour to know you, retain for you. 

I think, however, I have fome merit to be diftinguiihed 
among them, as no one is, &c. 


To the Marquis de Torcy. (Page 326.) 

Whitehall, January aoth, O.S. 1711-13. 

I PROTEST to you, Sir, that if we do not finifli, it is 
not my fault. I wifli, for a thoufand reafbns, a fpeedy con- 
clufion to the great work of the peace ; but the principal 
is, becaufe 1 fee here the public mind is beginning to be 
weary of the fufpenfe. 

Our difputes ^ about Newfoundland will not be the 
ftumbling-block, provided you do not refufe us any longer, 
in the treaty of commerce, the confequenccs or a prin- 
ciple which we have, for many months, looked upon a 
fettled, and then the peace will indifputably be foon madcv 

It is of no ufe to enter into the detail of the bufincfs, 
which has been terribly perplexed at Utrecht. The Duke 
of Shrewfbury will inform you of the laft offers the Queen, 
orders him to make, to accommodate thefe differences ; 
and the reafons upon which we ground them, which are 
certainly too fubfbintial not to have weight with a mind 
fo well difpofed, and a heart fo rightly placed as yours. 

In the name of God, Sir, feud back this mefienger, 
without lofsof time, with the King's confcnt to the prc- 
politions, which the Duke of Shrewfbury will have the 
to make to him, on the Queen's part. You will 



then enable us to triumph over thofe who are as much 
your enemies as ours. In that cafe, :he Queen will 
addrefs the two houfes, whole fitting cannot be prorogued 
longer than the third of next month, and irform tnem, 
that the interetls of Great Britain" and France are en- 
tirely feuled, that me is going to fign her treaty, that me 
has invited ail her allies to do the fame, and that (he has 
declared to them her firm refolve to keep the negotiation 
no longtr open, 

Agree wuh me, Sir, that the echo of this fpeech, and 
the addrefles of the Parliament -vill be heard at Utrecht, 
and will infpire the moll inveterate warrior with the love 
of peace. You will nn;,n, with fpeeJ, what affairs re- 
main to be adjufted, and you will finiili them to the King's 

But if, at the meeting of Parliament, our negotiation 
be ftill open, I will not, Sir, in truth, be aafwer^bie 
for the coniequences. 

The evil-minded will have a fair game before them , 
and, what I cunlider as the height of misfortune, thofe 
\vho mean well, perhaps, will find themfelves necef- 
jltated to follow the opinions of others. 

The Earl of Oxford and your fervant have, in that 
cafe, the pro'pe6l of puffing their time badly enough ; 
but 1 trouble myfelf lefs about that, than with the diioi- 
der I forefee in affairs in 

You fee, Sir, the pleafure I feel in writing to you 
hurries me on. 

I will flatter myfelf, that the importance of the crifis 
in which we are, will he an excuie for the length of my 
letter, and *that you will not think ill of that franknefs, 
with which I naturally expufe to you my fears and my 
hopes. I am, &c. 


To the Princefs UrfmL (Page 344). 

Whitehall, January 25th, O.S. 1711-13. 
YOUR tlighnefs may judge how much I am in- 
fluenced bv the Marquis de Monteleon, by his infpiring 
me with the affurance to write to you. I know how 
much I may depend upon the that Minifler 
has fhown me ; but, indeed, Madam, he never has, and 
never can do me a favour equal to that he has lately 



honoured me with, by furnifhing ine with an excufo 
for writing t-> your Highnefs and making known the 
fentiments of a heart perfectly devoted to your fervice. 

Though the humble fervant of Lord Lexington, I can- 
not help envying him tlic happinefs of making his court, 
under the patronage of your riighnefs, to that great 
Queen, whofe heroic virtues arc the admiration of the 
prefent ag, and will be that ot pollerity. 

As the Earl of Oxford does himfelf the honour to 
write to your Highnefs, it will be of no ufe for me to 
enter upon an account, relating to the intcreft of the two 
Courts. I flatter myfelf, the Marquis de Monteleon has, 
during the negociation, experienced every accommoda- 
tion in my power, and I venture to affure your High- 
nefs, he will always find the fame. 

I did not omit fending fuch initruclions to the Queen's 
Plenipotentiaries, as were judged moft proper to iecure 
for your Highnefs, by the treaty of peace, the principa- 
lity which his Catholic Majeily has granted you; and 1 
make no doubt, the attention paid by thofe Minifters 
tvill be completely fuccefcful. Your Highnefs may be 
certain I fhall neglect nothing that can evince the pro- 
found refpeil and inviolable attachment with which I 
am, &c. 


Note. (Page 354). 

AS with a. .view to facilitate the opening and exercife 
of trade mutually between France and Great Britain, 
the two following articles were agreed upon : 

Kir ft, That, in cafe we fhould not agree upon the 4 
points in difpute, relating to commerce, Commiffioncrs 
fhall be named on both ildes, to meet in London, to 
examine and regulate the duties and Imports to be paid 1 
in each kingdom, and to adjult them in fuch a manner 
as to encourage and incrcafe the trade between the- two- 
kingdoms : 

Secondly, That no privilege or advantage, with re j 
fpecl: to the trade with France, ihall be granted to any 
foreign nation, which fhall not, at the fame time, be grant- 
ed to the fubje&s of the Queen of Great Britain : in like 
manner, no privilege or advantage, with refpedt to the 
trade with Great Britain, fhall be granted to any foreign 



nation, which {hall not, r at the fame time, be granted to 
the tubje&s of his Mod Chriftian Majefty. 

In compliance with the above articles, CommuTaries 
/hall be named, to meet in London, to examine the duties 
and impofts which ihould be paid in each kingdom, and 
regulate them fairly between the t\vo nations, conform- 
able to what the mod favoure 1 foreign nation ihail pay, 
both in France and Great Britain ; fo that the Com- 
miffuries having agreed (which fhculd be in months) 
the KinT will pubfiih, in the kingdom, and in his other 
dominions, the neceffary decrees for the execution of 
what the Commiflaries have agreed upon, and will re- 
move every impediment to ths trade of the Queen of 
Great Britain's fubjects, in France : fo likewife, on the 
part of her Britarihic Majefty, all acts of parliament 
ihall be repealed which prevented the French being 
treated, in Great Britain," and her other dominions, as 
the moft favoured foreign nation. 

Note. (Page 355). 
The French at Utrecht. 

January zoth, 1713. 

AT all times, foreign manufactures were never ad* 
mitted into France, otherwife than at ports particularly 
referved for them, where they were fearched, in the fame 
manner as the produce of the kingdom. Thofe of 
England were imported by Normandy, Britanny, and 
Guienne j and if any were found bad, they were con- 

The confifcation was repealed in 1606, by the treaty 
of Paris, February 14, and it was ftipulated, that bad 
wares fhould be fent back, without export duty. This 
arrangement was confirmed in 1 655, by the treaty of Weft- 
minfter, and, fmce that time, we have continued to reftricl 
the import of foreign mercliandife to places ipc ified, and 
the fearching of them has been conftantly practifed. 
Thefe are the primary laws of the kingdom, and can- 
not be repealed. 

The Englifh cannot be fuffered to trade from port to 
port in France, but upon condition that the French have 
the like privilege in England : without this reciprocity, 
it cannot be granted to the Englifli in France, nor can 
they afk it : for the fame reafon, the five {hillings muft be 



reduced to one-half, becaufe this would be nearly the 
value of fifty fols, in France. 

It is true, by the treaty of Ryfwick, the French grant- 
ted this favour to the 'Dutch, without ftipulating any 
mutuality for the Frencli in Holland ; but it was folely 
becaufe the trade of Holland being carried on by canals, 
cannot be managed by fea from port to port; which 
differs much from the veflels of Great Britain : betides, 
the Dutch have always paid the duty in quellion, upon 
the whole tonnage or the veflel, without attending to 
the cargo. 

With regard to the abolition of this duty, upon veflTels 
arriving from England, or other parts of the world, at 
the ports of France, we confent to it ; but upon con- 
dition, that it do not take place in France before it takes 
place in England. 

As to Pojl Entries, &c. 

THOSE who have abfolutely entered the merchandife 
they import, cannot afterwards either increafe or leflen, 
!r, upon pretence of omiffion, or oiherwife ; and the truth, 
or the talfehood of the entry is judged of from the firfl 

To this French merchants are fubjeft : the Engliflt 
cannot, in this, be treated otherwife than his Majetly's 
own fubjets. Innocence, it is true, mould be favoured; 
but it is not lefs true, that fraud mould be prevented. 

The Article for appointing Confuh. 

WE can find in no treaty between France and Eng- 
land, the appoint ment of Confuls, as propofed ; we be- 
lieve it would be prejudicial to the commerce of the two 
nations ; for, commonly, the Confuls of the merchants 
fecure to thernfclves the moft profitable ventures, to the 
exclufion of their countrymen, notwithstanding they are 
prohibited. And belt ties, the appointments of thefe 
public characters are a charge upon trade, which ought to 
be avoided. So that, inftcad of Confuls,. both paities 
might fend a Commercial Refident to Paris, and to 
London, to receive the complaints of grievances that each 
nation may labour under, and to repair them by a re- 
prefentatiou to the Miniftcrs of the two Crowns, and by 
obtaining propr order s. 

VOL. III. Q_q Concerning 


Concerning Tare on Goods imptrted into France. 
THE King's fubje6ts, and all foreigie s are bound 
to p'iv import duties on me chandife, without deduction 
for the weight of cafes, boxes, wrappers, or barrels, 
except filks, and groceries. In this refpect, we can 
neither make a new order, nor grant what is demanded ; 
and the Engiilh Oiall be treated the fame as the French. 

As to what concerns the Tobacco-farm, in France. 
THE Engiilh (hall be permitted to fell their tobacco 
to the farmer, the fame as the French merchants do. In 
this refpefl, in France, we cannot depart from the efta- 
bliflied cuftom. 

Note. (Page 370). 

Verfailles, February 7th, 1713. 

TO remove the difficulty, with refpedl to the lad 
words of the article, intitled, in locum, 9 & 10 art. 
Traftatus de Commercio, as if, putting the cafe, that the 
Commilfaries do not agree at the end of the time pre- 
fcribed, we could in confequence make new demands, I 
underftand the Queen does not pretend, by virtue of this 
article, to obtain any other advantage from the tarif of 
1664, than thofe -whi*h are granted by France to the 
Dutch, by the approaching peace ; and that the Due 
d'Aumont has a right, if he judges it neceffary, to 
demand a like explanation at London. 


Note. (Page 395). 
Extrafi from tht Examinations of the Chevalier 

AS foon as the Chevalier AITurini was fent to the 
Bafliile, the Marquis de Torcy inftrucled M. d'Argen- 
fon, by a private memorial, only for his own ufe, .in 
every thing that related to this prifoner, his condudl in 
his journey to Holland, what he had advanced to the 
enemy's Minifters, and the promifes they had made 
him, that he might queftion him upon all the points in 
the memorial. 



The firft examination he underwent was on the yth 
September, 1712. He gave him an historical account 
of his birth, his education, fome journeys to Italy, one 
to Paris, where he rerriained a year. It appears, he went 
away in 1708, to return home. 

He fuppofes, that his father may have received, a 
fhort time after, inftructions to go to England, on the 
King's bufmefs, and lie obferves, that he fet out with 
him to go there ; that his father, upon his arrival, gave 
eight or ten pounds to the Spanim. Secretary of Count 
Gallas, to draw from him his matter's fecrets, to fend 
them to the Marquis de Torcy. That he alfo made large 
prefcnts to Monfieur de Netterville, whom he calls the 
confident of the Earl of Oxford, to the Chevalier Penn, 
and to Mr. Plunket ; but did not know what thole 
prefents confifted of. That Monfieur Netterville in- 
formed his father of every thing, knowing him to have 
the King's orders. That the Chevalier Giraldi, who 
was reported to be a partizan of France, was far other- 
wife, and that they had difcovered, by the fecretary of 
Count Gallas, that he was penfioned by the Archduke, 
and attached to the Whigs. That Monfieur Grimani at heart a Frenchman. That to create a quarrel 
between the Chevalier Giraldi and Count Gallas, they 
infmuated to the latter, bv means of Monfieur Primoli, 
his firft fecretary, that the former betrayed his party. 
That Affurini, the father, entered into a falfe confidence 
with Count Gallas, to embroil him with the govern- 
ment of England. 

The Chevalier Affurini favs, at that time, he obtained 
an intimacy with the Duchefs of Shrewsbury, Mifs Mal- 
lofte, my Lady Waldegrave, the Duchefs of Buckingham, 
mv Lady Butler, my Lady Hoglitorit, and many other 
lidies or quality, to report to him what was there faid. 
That he had great hopes of marrying a daughter of my 
Lord Suflex. That lie had waited for a favourable op- 
portunity to go to England, to conclude this match, but 
that all his hopes vamlhed upon his imprif-jnment. That 
he learned from Monfieur Primoli, that a falfe Tory, 
who lives in St. James's Park, in a houfe furroundcd 
with iron rails, had told Count Gallas, that his father 
and he were fent by the Court of France, and that Count 
reported it to my Lord Oxford. That Count Gallas having 
propofed to him to reveal his father's fecrets, he pretend- 
Q q 2 rd 


ed to confent, gave him an Italian cypher, which he had 
ftill by him, but that his defign was to fav nothing but 
\vhat "fhould fuit the King's intereft. That after nine 
months' fray in England, they were forced to depart, 
bv an order from Court, and, returning to France, they 
continued there, until his father having fet off for Italy, 
he, for his part, went to Holland ; and that they received, 
at Paris, about 6coo livres, in bills of exchange, upon 
Italy. That in September, 1711, while in London, Coui-;t 
Gallas made him a prefent of a ring, which he fold, a 
few days after, for 3400 livres. 

Second Examination, September 20, 1712. 
MONSIEUR AfTurini, on his fecond examination, 
fays, that his father and he received, at Paris, only 1400 
livres, in Italian bills of exchange ; and that he had re- 
ceived, for himfelf, 3400 livres, arifnig from the value of 
the ring he had left in England ; and that his father 
had fold at Paris the remainder of his plate, and for 
fome jewels, which he had fold in London, he received 
1500 guineas. To the queftions put to him refpecting 
his journey to Holland, and his proceedings there, he 
anfwered, that being the fubjecr, of a neutral Prince, he 
thought himfelf at liberty : that the Marquis de Torcy 
having ordered him to get ready to go to Utrecht, to in- 
troduce Mr. Plunket there, and had afterwards altered 
his plan, he had been fo much vexed becaufe he was not 
employed, and becvufe the Abbe Gaultier was preferred 
to him, that he. .refolved to feek his fortune ; that he 
repaired to Utrecht, intending to go from thence to 
England, as he had written to my Lords Oxford, 
Buckingham, and Bolingbroke, and to the Chevalier 
Penn ; that on his arrival at L T trecht, he only law M_ 
Mefnager, who gave him a cold reception, and having 
called upon M. Primoli, known as the Archduke's emif- 
fary, he propofed to him to ferve that Prince, and to leave 
the King's fervice, in which he feemed difcontented ; that 
he promifed him great advantages, among others, a pub- 
lic character, and a penfion in the Mantuan, reprefent- 
ing to him that that Prince, as mafter of Italy, could do 
his family either much good or much harm ; that he 
might even give him fomething at Naples or Milan. 
That he agreed to go with him to the Hague, and that 
M. Primoli introduced him to Count Sinzendorf, who 



received him in a favourable manner, and returned his 
vifit ; that he dined that day with that minifter, and Pcn- 
fionary Heinfius coming in, they all three had a con- 
ference. The Count repeated to him what M. Primoli 
had told him, the advantages he might gain in the fervice 
of the Archduke, and what he had to fear by joining with 
die oppofite party : Penfionary Heinfius made the fame 
qbfervations ; that he gave no pofitive anfwe,r to thefe 
propofals, and required that his father iliould not be 
informed of them, becaufe he was attached to France ; 
that he continued five or fix days ut the Hague, without 
farther conference with thcje minifters ; that he returned 
to Utrecht, where he faw all the foreign minifters, ex- 
cept his Majefty's ; and returning to the Hague, had a 
fecond conference with the fame pcrfons ; that they re- 
peated what had been faid at the firft interview ; that 
he remained at the Hague eight or ten days, and being 
in want of money, M. Priin6li lent him 150 florins, and 
M. de la Martiniere 23 louis-d'ors. That upm his re- 
turn to Utrecht, he faw M. Mefnager, who received him 
favourably, and prefented him to the Marquis d'Huxelles 
and to the Abbe Polignac, who invited him to their table, 
and propofed to him to go upon the King's fervice to 
England, which offer he accepted; that he agreed to go 
and receive his inftruclions at Court, and that they gave 
him 21 piftoles to aflift him on hisjourney.- 

Third Examination, September 21 , 1712. 
HE gives an account of his journey, and allures us 
he had received no letters fmce his arrival at Paris ; 
that he had not informed Count Sinzendorf, or Pen- 
iionary Heinfius, or M. Primoli, of his departure ; that, 
in order to rtiow Count Sinzendorf he was not in want 
of money, he produced feveral counterfeit bills of ex- 
change ; that from Uyecht he wrote to Count Gallas, 
and told him, that he was intimately connected with two 
of the Marquis de Torcy's fecrctaries, who would rd- 
veal to him the fecrets of France, and that he fhould be 
able to communicate them to him i that his only obje& 
in this fcheme was to deceive that minifter, and the bet- 
ter to recommend himielf, his information being abfo- 
lutely the work of his own imagination ; that he ha4 
not Ipoicen on the fubjeft to Count Sinzendorf, nor to 
the Penfionary ; that Count Gallas had replied in general 
Qq3 terms; 


terms; and had not explained himfelf with refpect to the 
recompencc he vras to have, but that while he was in 
England, he promifed him a barony in the Mantuan, 
which he fuppofes to be that of ot. Archange, con- 
fifcated en de Bague ; that he informed Count Gallas 
of the deiign to fend him frcm Paris to Utrecht, and the 
change that had taken place in that refpe<5l. In his lug- 
eage were found feveral packets, labeled " dole of the 
Count de Palrna's powder," and he fays this is a purga- 
tive powder ; there are alfo fome other powders, which 
have not been tried, among others the powder of fym- 
pathy. He affures us, he never gave a memorial to Count 
SinzenJort, nor to the Dutch minifter, that he only 
wrote to the former from Utrecht to thank him for the 
afTurance of his efteem, and to fignify to him he fhould 
be well iatisfied with his conduil if he were engaged in 
the fervice of the Archduke ; that he had refifted Count 
Gairas's importunities to declare openly for the Archduke 
in Italy and at Rome ; that he had onlv <poken of the 
King's affairs, in general terms, with Count Sinzendoif 
and the Penfionarv, telling them they were in a ruined 
ftate, on account of the want of agreement among his 
Majcfty's minifters, and that in fo faying, he had his 
own perfonal intereft in view ; that the two confer- 
ences he had with them had only laited a quarter of an 
hour each. Tnut at lait, difgufted at not being employed, 
and receiving nei her reward nor penfion, though his 
father had made over to him his right to all the rewards 
which he thought he had merited, had determined him 
to proceed as he had done ; that at the time of thefe nvo 
conferences, he did not know their intention to propofe 
to him ro return to England in the King's fervice, and 
that he ha? never imparted any thing confidentially to 
thofe tai .i^.ers hnce the overtures made to him by his 
Majetty's miniders. 

Accel*- .:r been written with reftett to M. s'jfe- 

rini, and of bh Letters from his Prifcn. 

: :h, 17;?. 

COUNT Aflurini left Paris in the month of May, 
1712, ori h : s rerurn to Ttaly, and after pafiang feme time 
r.zc, he repaired to Rome, in the Augutt fellow- 
ing. As he hid no bufinefs in that city, and hi, e.-^- 
there would certainly exceed his means, it was 



taaKer cf farpnfe to find him continuing there fo 
and from that time he began to be Impeded. His fon s 
treachery was known at Rome the beginning of Septem- 
ber; the father then became unive ited, and his 
condu& w_. . . ied to; it was known that 
he complained iV ereiy to his fricads, that his iernces 
in France -friciently regarded, and that he 
talked in lacii a manner, as to induce a t "t had 
cnter-.d into : rogeraents with :he King's 
enemies; it was then refolded to fee are his perlos, as 
- the like or explaining iVpiciocs fo weil found- 
ed, as to difcover more easily through him the intrigues 
of his fon, wim whom he was probably an accomplice. 

It was prouofeJ to him to go to Longcn, t j fee the 
place, and to give an account of the ftate in which he 
found it, but ne feemed to diilruffc the -f the 

minifrers, in wh^m he ihould have implicitly confided, if 
his confidence Kid not reproached him ; ar. 
immedi-teiy accept this coounifion. He jeft Rome in 
October, a'nd it appears by a letter he wrote from his 
prifon, to" a perfon named Albanefe, his intimate friend, 
mat they had confulted whether he houM go to Longon 
or not, and though at laft he determined to go, he was 
alw^ . Ihould be detained. 

As' foon as i: was known at Rome that his perfoa was 
feccred, the Pope was applied to, to feize his papers; 
his Holinefs gave orders for that purpote; but whether 
AHiirini had fecreted them before he kti Rome, or his 
friends, informed of the Pope's mtesbons, had remoped 
. f confequence, nothing was found but a lew 
letters, of foaall importance. It has been iince known 
that Albanc that AjJurutTs papers were mtrtmJtj 

with list Marquis de PrzV, vjben it ices nUndcd & Jezz* 
tbfm, that be bad been privately -rvfermed if the orders 
grog* by the Pipe, and that tbej were mat Jf imprxMrxt as 
ttfuffer a fvrprife. All the letters to many of his friends 
from prifon huve been detained. He difcorers through- 
out a mini miferably affrdted for having fuffered ^""KJf 
to be laid hold of, and penuaded he ihali nc\er recorcr 
his liberty if he did not ufe extraordinarv coeans, fucli 
as bribin- his keepers, or inducing the Pope to demand 
hina i . ":. It is rr .;es to his fon, of 

whofe ueteution he was ignorant, and to ferexal friends, 
to apply to the minivers of France and Spain to obtain 



his liberty, but he appears to rely very little on the good- 
nefs of his caufc, or on their representations, and thinks 
it were better to addrefs the Pope, his fovereign, or to 
endeavour to efFe6l his efcape by ftratagem. He breathes 
nothing but vengeance -when he gains his liberty, and he 
recommends to his foil to take warning from his misfor- 
tune, and never to truft any perfon in future. 

He thought he had gained over the valet-de-chambre 
of the governor of Longon, and entrufted him with his 
letters, conceiving they would be more fafe through his 
means. Two or them evidently prove his connections 
with the enemy. They are addrefled to Count Polydor^ 
under cover to a perfon who was to deliver them. Aflurini 
obferves to him, that if he had not been detained at Lon- 
gon, he fhould have vifited him on his return to Faenza, 
to offer him his fervices in favour of Signer Alexander. 
He begs him to give directions to the Confuls at Leghorn 
and Porto Feraio, who are under his orders, to contrive 
to fend to Longon a boat with expert rowers, hoping the 
valet-de-chambre would let them come clofe to the place 
where he is confined, and that they mould efcape togecher. 
He feems to have no doubt that Count Polydor will in- 
tereft himfelf in his efcape : he remarks, ncverthclefs, that 
when he gets to him, he. will mow him that his deliver- 
ance will not be ufelefs, having wherewithal to reward 
fuch important fervices ; and begs him to procure the 
command of a troop of horfe for the valet-de-chambre, 
who feemed to wifh to be in the fervice of Signor 
Alexander* Inftead of Aflurini, he figns himfelf Don 
Diego de Villamajor. It is evident the name of Signor 
Alexander can intend nothing elfe but the Archduke, and 
that of Count Polydor one of his Minifters, who can pro- 
cure a troop of horfe, and can v command the German 
Confuls in Italy : and what confirms this conjecture is, 
that AfTurini, when he gave the two letters to the valet- 
de-chainbre, faid they were addrefled to the perfon who 
had the principal fway in Italy, and to whom the valet- 
de-chambre would wifli him to write, fuppufing the valet 
to be a partizan of the Archduke. We, therefore, have 
reafon to imagine that Count Polydor muft be either the 
Marquis 'de Prie or the Duke d'Uceda. He knew the 
latter particularly while he was connected with Cardinal 
de Janlon, and he might know the other by means of 



Kate. (Page 4 

Manorial concerted with Manfeur dt Tiry, iqtb 
January, 1713. 

THE inhabitants of Hudfon's Bay, fur>jeb of the 
Queen of Great Britain, who have been dilpofiefled of 
their lands by France, in time of peace, (hall be entirely, 
and immediately after the ratification of ; i ilored 

to the pofleffion of their faid lands ; and fuch proprietors 
{hall alfo have a juft and reafonable fatisfadion for the 
lofles they h.we fufFered, with reipe to their goods, 
movables, and effects ; which lofles fhall be fettled by the 
judgment of Commifiaries, to be named foi this purpofe, 
and fworn to do juftice to the parties intereiteu. 

Xstf. (Page 409.) 

THE Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain had hitherto 
made a diftinciion between places ceded by the King to 
the Qu-en of Great Britain, and pbces which they de- 
nominated leftored. Under the name of places reftored, 
they included Hudfon's Bay and Srraits, and the iiland of 
Newfoundland. They agreed to allow to the French, 
. ded, the liberty to fell their immovable 
, but in lifted that the fame liberty ought not to be 
allowed in places reftored, upon a plea that fuch i 
were taken from the Knglifh, who had a right to be re- 
ftored to them. The Plenipotentiaries now make no dif- 
tine>ion bet.veen places ceded and places reftored, though 
the fcme expreifion remains in article 14. They only 
leave the King's fubje&s at equal liberty to depart from 
both, if they pleafe, in the fpace of a year, with their 
goods and movables. According to conditions agreed 
upon, it fhould be ftipulated that the French f ttlers in 
Acadia, or in the iiland of St. Chriftopher, (hall have 
the liberty to depart, to fell, or to carry elfcwhere, all 
their movable effe&s, if they pleafe, and to feil their 
immovables. With regard to places reftored in Hudfon's 
Bay and Straits, the Englifh (hall recover pofleffion of ihc 
immovables of which they were difpofleiled, provided they 
prove to the Commili^ries that fuch effects belonged to 
their fathers or to themfelves. 



With refpect to tin- of Newfoundland, it has 
been agreed that the French be permitted to fell their 
houfes in Placentia, aiul the furrounding new-cleared lands, 
becaufc Placcntia was built by them, and the Englifli were 
never in pofTeflion of thefe dfrets. 

The term to be allowed to the French to fell their cf- 
fecls, ought to be eighteen months, as they would find A 
difficulty in difpofmg of their property within fo Ihort a 
tcint its a y.-ar. 

Nott. (Page 410.) 

(Received from Afanfuur de Torcy, and fent to Lord Bo- 

2c;//? December, 1712.) 
concerted wiih Aft: Prior, 

THAT the ifland of Capr Breton Hi., I! remain to the 
King, with librrty to foitify it : that the province of 
Audia, with all its rights :nul prerogatives, which the 
French have enjoyed,! U- o'.lrd by his Mnjcfty to the 
Queen of ( Britain, witli the ifland of Newfoundland, 
and the iflands adjacent; it being wl! iin<l<-riloi,il, the 
French ftull have and keep flu- po-,v: i to fifh and dry their 
cod 'on the c-o.ilK f tin did in.ind of Nfwfoiindl.iiiil, 
from Capt- Honavifta northw.irds to I'oint Richc : .ill 
the iflands at the entrance of the river, and in the gulf 
of St. Lawrence, fliall belong to the King. 

From the Murqu'n <li T-jrcy. (Page 446.) 
S i u, 

i!!rl, Kp|-n.i>iny -;t]\, v M, 

I HAVE had great pleafuj in burning a letter 1 had 
flic honour to write to you tin- clay before yeftcrd;iy : I 
entreated you to fmifh a ncgoc'uitioii which was linger- 
ing } but, th;ink God! you have brought it to a corn l'i 
fioo ; and though we were forivd ro \\: -Id to Matthr^'s 
vehemence, I do not grudge him a victoi v ih.'t lias fettled 
the peace between us. Let it be irameaiatejy ligned, to 
lilt-nee the falfe reiifoncrs, who arc very numerous in aH 

The Queen will divert thofe in I lolhnd of all credit, 
(he determines to explain liil ; -U in a Incoming 
tn. inn i, and t> pi((iail>c a vc-iy Hunt Iran I'm her allies 
i> i: .! A-n!i hoi, it hv.-i Hiitannic- Majctfy will condc- 
(lill to wait for them i but in truth time is very 
i , .in 1 vvlu-n both parties are agreed, it feems to me 



improper to retard a blefiisg in confideration cf thofe 
whofe only aim was to prevent it. 

Though the peace reunites the two nation?, lafiure you, 
my Lord, it cannot augment my dciirc to merit the comi- v 
nuance of the honour of your friendihip, and to make 
known to you upon all occafions, how much I am, &c. 


To tbt Marquis de Tercy. (Page 447.) 

Whitehall, l-Ybiuarv 17:1, ().>. 1712-13. 
I BELIEVE, Sir, the pretent crifis, and the impor- 
tance iif the bufinets now on hand, \viil he an cxcufe for 
troubling you with a letter from mo, and icr adding, of 
my own accord, fomething to what the Duke of Shrewf- 
bury will fay to you as from the Queen. 

I confider the peace between Great Hritain and France 
as fettled, fince it is certain that the differences which 
remain undecided in the i4th ;irtic!e, reflecting the bsna 
MMNfttfitf, and in the nth, rcfpsiHn* the thirty leagues, 
wi.l not retard the conclufion of it; if, then, the Queen's 
ailies perfiir. in their difmclination to treat, and if, when 
they treat, they continue to infill upon fuch demands as 
they have hitherto made, we have nothing to do but to 
iign a fepurate peace, leaving to them a term to accept the 
King's plan, purfuant to the Queen's former promilV. 
But, Sir, you fee they are coming to, and the difference 
between what your Minifters propofe, and what the others 
demand, is not fuffieiently considerable to authorize us 
to fay they remain Hill in the wrong, they are obftinate, 
and we muft abandon them. 

The Queen has deferred, as long as (he could, pre- 
fcribing to her allies ; (he \vithed even to clear the way for 
his Moll Chriftian Majefty S Minifters to gain upon thofe 
minds, rendered more traceable by the events of the laft 
campaign. But the feafon advances; perhaps we fhould 
conlider it as too far advanced, did we not depend upon 
your inclination to m :ke a reafonable peace, and not to 
a\ail yourfelves of every little advantage for the conti- 
nuance of the war. We muft then either prevent the 
opening of the campaign, by the conclufion of the peace, 
or immediately prepare to treat fword in hand; the firft is 
infinitely preferable, to the laft ; for this purpofe, I have juft 
difpatched to the Duke of Shrewlbury her Majefty's laft 
fentiments upon the articles which ftill remain unfettled at 



Utrecht. If the King thinks proper to concur with the 
Queen, thefc points, and thofe which have already been 
granted by the Plenipotentiaries of France, will conftitute 
the general plan, which the Queen and the King will 
jointly offer to the parties interefted. 

If the allies accept this plan, the general peace is fecure'', 
if they do not accept it, that of her Majefty will be fign- 
ed, as foon as your Minifters themfelves defire. I can- 
not prevail upon myfelf even to fuppofe that this plan can 
be reje&ed, fince it contains all the facility her Majefty is 
able to give, and lince in this cafe (he would be obliged to 
fpeak to her Parliament of the fuccefs of the negociation 
as uncertain. You fee, Sir, what advantage that would 
give to the ill-dilpofed every where, what embarraffment 
it would occafion here, and what diforder in the reft of 

You will nowhave the whole plan of the peace before 
you ; you need fear no ulterior demands ; and the King 
may in one moment finifh what would take months, not 
to fay years, to regulate at the Consrefs. 

Our Parliament will not meet till the 3d of next month, 
O.S. fo that we have time enough to receive your an- 
fwers, and to take our meafures which depend upon your 
refolves, for the Queen is enabled to give whatever turn 
{he wiihes to our affairs. 

Probably all your advices do not agree with what I 
have the honour to ftate, yet I believe I am fufficiently in- 
formed of what paffes here, to be able to anfwer to you 
for the conduct of our Court, and the temper of our peo- 
ple. But it is certain i write to you naturally what I 
know, and what I think ; I have never deceived you, and 
I never will deceive you, and no one is more than I 
am, &c. 


The Queen's Plenipotentiaries inform me that they 
have begun to fpeak of the intereft of the Duke of St. 
Pierre, and hope to be of fervice to him. 

Note. (Page 466.) 

[v/j this Memorial -was drawn up in pursuance of, and 
contains^ the fjJueeri' s orders and inftrufti r ns y Jcnt to the 
Duke of Shrewjlmry by Lord BoHnglroke, the I'jtb and \%th 



February, and is befides nearly a tranfcript of them, a tranf- 
lation of it was judged unnecejjary.'} 

Note. (Page 470.) 

Memorial cf the Marquis de Torcy^ concerning the bona 

IT is common in treaties, even in the capitulations of 
towns, to fairer the inhabitants of thofe places, which 
change matters, to depart, to tranfport elfewhefe their 
effects, to difpofe of their goods, and to fell them, whether 
movable or immovable ; the treaty of peace between the 
King and the Queen of Great Britain, having for its 
principal object the eftablifhment of a perfect union be- 
tween the two nations, ought not to contain, with refpedt 
to the French, any claufes more rigorous that thofe of or- 
dinary treaties. 

A deiire, however, has manifefted itfelf, of debarring 
the inhabitants of places which the King gives up to 
England the fame liberty as is granted in all treaties, and 
of which a particular inftance occurs in the nth article 
of the treaty of Breda. The King of England, Charles 
II, when he ceded Acadia to France, referved, for fuch 
inhabitants of the country as wiftied to depart,^ the entire 
liberty of felling and difpofing of, as they pleafed, all their 
goods, movable and immovable, and generally of all their 
effects; The King requires nothing more at this day 
than what was done in 1667, with regard to England; 
and his Majefty's propofal is fo much the more jufl, as 
it appears inequitable for either the King or the Queen of 
Great Britain to interfere with the fubftance of indivi- 
duals, and to deprive any perfon, without caufe, of his 
lawful poffeffions. This tr^th is fo evident, that the Ple- 
nipotentiaries of Great Britain at Utrecht always make a 
diftinction between places that fhould be ceded and thofe 
that fhould be reftored by France; they comprifed the 
ifland of St. Chriftopher and Acadia under the name of 
places ceded, and for this reafon they allowed to the French 
fettled in both the liberty to fell their immovables. The 
Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain refufed this liberty in 
places reftored, that is to fay, in Hudfon's Bay and the 
ifland of Newfoundland. 

The King confented to give to Commiflaries, to be 
named after the peace, authority to give poflefHon to the 



Englifli who fliould prove they were proprietors, or the' 
heirs of proprietors, of effects in Hudf^n's Bay. As to 
thofe in Newfoundland, his Majefty infifted that the town 
of Placentia, having been built by the French, the houfes 
in that town, and the new-cleared lands round about it, 
were immovables, which had never belonged to the Eng- 
lifh, consequently the inhabitants ought to have the entire 
liberty of difpofmg of them. This power, referved in all 
treaties, does no prejudice to the fovereignty of the 
Princes to whom the places are ceded, it only fecures the 
intereft of the individuals ; and as it is but juft to give 
thofe, who have done no harm, the free difpofal of their 
effects, the King, convinced of her Britannic Majefty's 
equitable intentions, fubmits this queftion to the Queen's 
decifion. His Majefty, however, will not permit fuch a 
difficulty to retard the conclufion of the peace ; he orders 
his Plenipotentiaries to fign it, and to let article 14 remain 
as drawn up by the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain, rec- 
koning, that if the Queen wimes to alter it, and to have 
it drawn agreeable to the nth article of the treaty of Bre- 
da, the alteration will be made before the treaty is rati- 

Article n, of the treaty of Breda. 

IF fome of the inhabitants of the country called Acadia 
prefer being, in future, fubject to the King of England, 
they {hall have the liberty to depart during the fpace of a 
year, computed from the day on which that country fhali 
be given up, and to fell, alienate their funds, lands, ilaves, 
and, in general, all their goods, movable and immovable, 
or to difpofe of them otherwife, at their own difcretion ; 
and thofe who {hall have contracted with them, fhall be 
held and bound by his Moft Chriftiaiv/Majefty to accom- 
plifli and execute their agreements : that if they like bet- 
'ter to carry away with them their ready money, movables, 
utenfils, and flaves, and, in general, all their movable ef- 
fects, they have full power fo to do. 

Note. '(Page 472.) 

THE States-General having demanded Poperingue and 

JBailleul, as belonging to Ipres, the Duke of Shrewfbury, 

purfuant to the Queen's orders, and the Marquis de Torcy 

in obedience to thofe of his Moft Chriftian Majefty, aa;rec 

i that 


that Bailleul remain to France, and that Poperingue be 
given up in favour of the Dutch. 

Note. (Page 482.) 

HAVING laboured daily with the Plenipotentiaries of 
France, to draw up the articles of the treaty of peace be- 
tween his Moft Chriftian Majefty and his Royal High- 
nefs, we have met with effential difficulties from them, 
which we did not expect, and had no rcafon fo to do. 

Firft, They refufe to infert in the treaty, that his Royal 
Highnefs may take poffeflion of Vigevinafco, in cafe, be- 
tween this time and the peace, his Imperial Majefty does 
not give his Royal Highnefs a&ual pofleflion of the equi- 

Secondly, They conftantly refufe to acknowledge the 
right of the Houfe of Savoy, immediately after that of 
the Houfe of Auftria, to the fucceflion to thofe dominions 
of the Spanifh monarchy, which will fall, by the peace, 
to the fhare of the Emperor. 

Thirdly, They infift, with perfeverance, that his Royal 
Highnefs cannot fortify in the vallies and places which 
the Moft Chriftian King offers to give in exchange for 
Barcelonette, which the King demands ; and that his Royal 
Highnefs fliall be fuffered to fortify only Exilles and Fe- 
neftrelles, and the valley of Pragelas. 

With refpect to the firft point, that from repeated aflur- 
ances from her Majefty's goodnefs to his Royal Highnefs, 
and from the manner in which her Majefty alv/ays ex- 
plained herfelf to Franc?, the ceffions intended by the 
treaty of 1703, between his Imperial Majefty and his Royal 
Highnefs, ought, at the peace, to be carried into full and 
entire effect, as is evident from the treaty of alliance be- 
tween the Queen and his Royal Highnefs : you know 
it has been, and is now, folely dependent on the Emperor 
to grant the equivalent for Vigevinafco, in a manner very 
advantageous to him, by accepting the propofal of the 
Marquifate of Final, and giving it up to his Royal High- 

You eafily underftand, that the ceflions implied in the 
treaty of 1703 would not have their full and entire ef- 
fect at the peace, if that, after the period between this 
time and the peace, the Emperor Ihould have refufed all 
the propofals, fo advantageous to him, to procure an equi- 
valent, he fhould not be bound to give up even Vigevi- 

njico ; 


cafco; and his P.oyal Highnefs being again fent in fearch 
of an equivalent undefined, would not fucceed in the ex- 
ecution of the treaty within the time prefcribed by the 
treaty itfelf, and the Court of Vienna would compafs 
their cbjeft. the peace, without executing the treaty. 

:\ the fecond point, you will have the goodnefs, 
my Lord, to call to mind, that the fucceffion of the Houfe 
of Savoy, immediately after that of Auftria, to the ftates 
cf the 'Spanifh monarchy, which, by the approaching 
peace, will remain with the Emperor, has always been 
confidered by the Queen as the moft efTential point, in 
juftice due to the treaty of alliance between his Royal 
Kighnefs and her Majefty, and to the precautions necef- 
lary to perpetuate the peace and the balance of Europe ; 
fo like wile in her treaty, her Majefty has judged it proper, 
of her own accord, to inflft, and in the courfe of this 
negociation has had the goodnefs to aflure his Royal High- 
nefe, through us, that in the treaties of peace this right 
of fucceffion fhould be fupported and acknowledged. 

It is in confluence of thefe fenti-r.ents andluTurances 
of the Queen, that I, Count Melkrede, among the points 
which 1 had the honour to fend you, my Lord, and in the 
article of guaranty, In which, in the treaty of peace, the 
Moft Chriftun King was to join with her Majefty, re- 
marked the guaranty for the right of fucceffion, and the 
demand appeared reafonable to the Lords of the Council. 

The Plenipotentiaries of France fay they cannot ac- 
knowledge die will of Philip IV, which is contrary to, 
and deftruciive of, that of Charles II. This difficulty 
is immediately removed by the offer we make, to be fatif- 
fied, if, in the treaty of peace, no mention be made of the 
faid will of Philip lV ; but that it be only exp.'dTed, that 
the Houfe of Savoy (hall fucceed immediately after that of 

As to what concerns the third point, it is a facl, that 
when the Moft Chriftian King propofed to the Duke of 
Shrewfbury, and afterwards to us here, the exchange of 
the valley of Barcelonette, i:e made the proportion with- 
out any burdenibtne reftricVion or condition, as you know, 
my Lord, as wel! as we ; to impcfe. then, fuch a condi- 
tion, would be fomething new, and clrcumfcribing the na- 
tural rules of fovereisn power, in a manner improper in 
a country the fovereignty of which is ceded, and efpecially 
"5 when 


\\hen the diftrict? d.rrva.-ej in exchange are fjp^rior in 
revenue, an 

Add to this ' - li a to obferve, that the vallies 

demanded by rsis R 

judges nec_iT.!rv, as in fact they are, f 
Piedmont which the Moft Chrilirian Kinz hjs pro 
her A'lajefty, and her Majefty t^ 

now the moit point of fecui ity, efpeciall towards 
a fuperior power, coniiils in the ability to fortify as occa- 
iion requires, and confequently we cannot pofiefs that fe- 
curlty, if fo eiTential a point is not granted, and tf 
as the Alps feparate thefa vallies from France. Fr 
tions only necefiary for defence, can never ferve for of- 
: give anv juft caufe for alarm. His 
Royal Highnefs can entertain no douht of the Queen's 
goodnefs and iuftice, and of her fupport in. 
point? fo ; on this account, we humbly entreat her 
Alaj^uy to have the goodnefs to fend her orders to the 
Duke of Shre;vil)ury at Paris, and to her Plenipotentiaries 
here, that the articles in the treaty of peace between the 
Moft Chriilian King and his Royal Highneis, upon the 
above points, may, without farther difficulty, be allo\ved 
by the Court of" France, purfuant to her Majefty's juft 
fentiments and intention?. 

This evening, or to-morrow, the Plenipotentiaries of 
France difpatch a mefTenger to their Court, with the 
draught of our intended treaty, and it would be of ufe if 
the Duke of Shrewfbury could receive his orders, and ex- 
ecute them before the French nielic-nccr i> upon his re- 
turn ; and the more fo, a> the Plenipotentiaries of France 
have declared that the King muft ipeak to the Duke of 
ShrewuSury upon thefe points, before they '.vcre decided- 
We have the honour to be, 


Frew tbe Marquis dt Ttrcy, (F x 


YOU will fee, Sir, by the Duke of Shi 
letters, that the King did not wiflj to take f.;i ther advan- 
::ons made tor the campaign, 

than to prevent the opening of it, and to conclude the 
peace now, rather than wait" : ^} d in hand. 

VOL. III. R r 


His Majetly has conformed to all the Queen's wifhes, 
..! peace, and that of the fepa- 

rate p. qually adjured, nothing prevents either 

'igned at Utrecht without d .^u remark to 


Her Britannic Majefty may cc inform her 

Parliament of the refult of her labouis for the repofe of 
Europe, and force the evil-minded to be filent. We have 
no doubt here of her having them absolutely within her 
power, and I allure you, my Lord, there is nothing in 
higher credit with us, than your communications for the 
mutual benefit of the two nations. You have been too 
fuccefsful in gaining our implicit faith, for u- ever to har- 
bour a diftrtftl of what comes from you, and if you ever 
\verc inclined to deceive us, you might have long e moved 
that plealure, before we fhould have iufpeRed you in the 
flighted degree : I am, in truth, far from fuch ideas, and 
1 require of you once more, en this occ.i; : ;on of the 
peace, which 1 confider as concluded, the continuance of 
the Cime confidence, and of the fame proofs of your friend- 
fhip, with which you have hitherto honoured me. 

I am perfuaded her Majefty wiD be contented with the 
s general aiTent to every thing flie demanded, but 
thcfe unfortunate individuals, who hn - in the 

places ceded or reftored, will fcarce be ki with the law 
you fubjecr. them to by Article 14, if her Britannic Ma- 
jeity, when informed of the general ciaufes in treaties, does 
not, according to her known equity, decide- upon this point; 
as much is expected from her ju 

I refer to what I had the honour to fay upon this fub- 
jcct to the Duke of Shrewsbury, and to what he writes 
upon it; and 1 hope that a treaty which is to conftitute 
the happinefs of the two nations, t . andcor.clu- 

lion of which are attributable to ..ill not con- 

tain the leaft appearance of inj ulnae. 

Lord, 1 h.-ve a lively fcnfe of tne attention you 
(how' to the intereft of the Duke de St. Pierre, and I allure 
you, I want no cuiuiiional motives to Itrengthen my at- 
tachment to you. 




1o the Marquis de Torcj. (Page 500.) 

WhitehalJ, March itf, O.S. 1712-1?. 

I MUST avail myfelf of this opportunity, Sir, to aflure 
you of my very humble refpecb, and to tell that my let- 
ters from Utrecht of the 2Oth, 21 ft, and 251*1, have al- 
moft driven me to defperation ; thofe of the 28th have af- 
forded me a trifle of confolation, as I learn from them that 
the general peace will be made at the fame time ; die con- 
ditions which Count Sinzendorf demands, before he figns 
for the Emperor, being of a nature not to retard the ne- 

The Duke d'Aumont has been informed, from time to 
time, of the pretences made ufe of, from one day to ano- 
ther, to prevent the figning the treaties between Great 
Britain and France ; he likewife knows the anfwers I re- 
turned, and the pofitive and repeated orders I fcnt by the 
Queen's orders ; fo that I need not detail them, as they 
muft be already known to you. 

The Duke of hrewfbury will communicate to you the 
orders the Queen has given, and of which fhe will en- 
force the obfervance, refpecfcing the bona imnubilia of the 
King's fubjech. His Majefty (hall be fully fatisfied upon 
this head, and the Queen will have much pleafure in tak- 
ing this new occafion of (howing how much {he has at 
heart the intereft of France. She doubts not the King 
will, on his fide, have an eye of companion towards tboie 
miferable beings who are now fuffering in the galleys; 
fuch a deed would be worthy of his great foul, worthy of 
his piety ; it would be the moft eflential proof that his 
Majefty can give of his consideration for her, and will fi- 
lence thofe vile declaimers who endeavour to black 
wo k of the peace, and the characters of all thofe who 
have had any fhare in it 1 am, &c. 




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