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Full text of "Letters from John Pintard to his daughter, Eliza Noel Pintard Davidson, 1816-1833"

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JOHN PIXTARD (1759-1844) 

EnlaigcMl from a miniature painted in 1787 

By John Ram age (c. 1748-1802) 

Presented to The New- York Historical Society in 1906 
by George Hancock Ser\'oss, grandson of John Pintard 






In Four Volumes 




194 1 

N TED I : 
T. T. L 


T T I. E & I V E i 




To Mrs. Richard Davidson (Eliza Noel Pintard) 
of New Orleans 

New York, Wed 2^ Jan^ 1828 

All hail to the New Year. May it prove more auspi- 
cious to the unfortunate than the past, and to all of us 
afford peace prosperity & happiness. Yesf New Year's 
day, was unusually mild & pleasant. The streets were 
filled with gentlemen, who like myself were making their 
annual visits of kind greetings. I could not but feel 
grateful to my Maker, that my health permitted me to 
make my friendly calls, some of which, sh*^ I be spared 
to see another Year, may not be repeated. Our city 
grows so extensive and old friends live scattered so wide 
apart, that the exercise was overfatiguing, but thank God 
no inconvenience or injury ensued. . . . The joyous 
older fashion has declined gradually, the New Years 
dram & Cookey are rarely touched, even hot punch, 
scarcely tasted. It is well, for formerly New Years was 
a riotous day. Kind greetings will I hope never go out 
of fashion. It is right to lay the dram aside. Sisters 
table was really the handsomest display, that I saw. . . . 

Thur^ [January] 3*^. A melancholy suicide took place 
yest-"", Oliver G. Kane, a very decent young man of good 
family. Sec'' of the National Marine C" put a period to 
his existence by blowing out his brains, in consequence 
no doubt of breach of trust, to what extent is not yet 
ascertained. It is said that he left a note for M"" Depey- 
ster Pres* stating that the history of his life was pour- 
trayed in the Tragedy of the Gamester. Awful avowal. 

Friday [January] 4*^. The commencem* of the New 
Year is always attended with accumulated duty. This 



p. m. Bible So[ciety, tomorrow, Stand^ Committee, 
Saturday, Fuel Saving Fund. Monday 12 o'clock. Sail- 
ors' Snug Harbour, 5 p. m. S* Thomas Scholarship S". 
Wed^ p. m. Savings Bank & their report. Thus you see 
that a person willing to lend his time & talents will not 
want for occupation. On Xmas day Mother sent a pres- 
ent of a doz. Testaments for S^ Thomas Ch. Sunday 
School. Not to be lacking in good works on New Years 
day Father presented a doz. prayer Books to the same S" 
under the Superintendance of M" Beverley Robinson, 
who gives great & unremitted attention to the school 
which prospers under the care of this excellent lady, . . . 

Sat^ [January] 5^^. The Report of the defalcation of 
M' Kane is dreadful to the am* of $140,000, a fatal blow 
to the National C° of w'' my friend Fred" Depeyster is 
pres[iden]t & w^ has hitherto gone on very successfully. 
He has destroyed the Cash Book Bill Book &c " & made 
no entries since last July, w^ will reflect severely on the 
Pres* for want of due care. It is said M"" K. has in the 
succession of a few years drawn 132,000 in Lotteries, & 
that he was a desperate gambler. He once addressed one 
of the Miss Douglases, very rich & very proud, but 
was rejected. He married a cousin of hers, with a fair 
fortune w*" he has never touched being settled on her & 
leaves her a most disconsolate young widow with an in- 
fant. This catastrophe, owing to the heavy defalcation, 
excites much attention. 

1 o'clock. Your brother brought in, a little while 
past, y"" letter of W Dec by the John & Elizabeth, w** I 
c** not peruse till this minute. Most heartily do I con- 
gratulate you on the Doctors appointment, a pretty 
Xmas box, w*" as you say will enable him to educate his 
children & leave the profits of his other business towards 
liquidating the debt for your house. . . . With y'"self I 
feel very grateful to your warm friend M"" Chew for his ex- 
ertions & also to Senator [Josiah Stoddard] Johns[t]on. 
This intelligence will be quite a treat at home. I hope 
that Darlings health will be so restored as to permit her 
to attend the great Jackson ball. The Doctor must do 


as other courtiers, hold the Candle to the Devil, for in 
my guess, J. will be Pres[iden]t. Formerly a German 
Tinman, Baltus Dash of this city, supplied Gov"" Tryons 
kitchen with his Ware. He did the same for Gen. Wash- 
ington when in this city 1776. After the abandonment 
by our Troops, & the British taking possession. Dash 
met Gov' Tryon in the street & congratulated him on his 
return. Well M"" D. so you supplied the Rebel General, 
How did he treat you (Dash was a Tory). very well 
Governor, I always make it a rule "to hold the Candle 
to the Devil" You are welcome back Governor I am 
very happy to see you & hope you will not forget y"" old 
friend Baltus Dash. The Governor used to tell this story 
with a great deal of glee in Dashes broken English, who 
was a German. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Frances. 
[Stamped:] ship 


New York. Monday 7"" Jan^, 1828 

Tuesday 8*''. Huzza for Jackson is the order with all 
who wish for a change a large portion, always, of the 
community. I must learn from the papers the festivi- 
ties in this city on the occasion. I tried to get into 
Masonic Hall to take a peep at the decorations, but c'' 
not get admittance. 

Friday 11"' ... I send her [Eliza Davidson] Cooper's 
last Novel, the Red Rover, published this day at the 
extravagant price of $2. Cooper receives $5000, for the 
copyright. No such patronage c'^ be extended to works 
of a higher order in this country, but Novels, esp^ since 
Waverley, have been & are so much the order of the day, 
that Booksellers can afford to pay well for works of 
imagination. This is well spoken of. I know not its 


merits. Indeed my very little spare time is so much 
devoted to more important readings for my period, that 
I can afford even to Scott, very little. A chapter of the 
Canongate sufifices, w** I take as an olive to refresh me 
like desert. . . . 

New York, Tuesd^ IS'*" Jan^ 1828. Fine clear day 

With my Church politics, happily, you have nothing 
to do, But my mind is exceedingly agitated on the sub- 
ject. S* Thomas Church vacancy has not yet been sup- 
plied after two choices declined. P^ the Rev. M"" De- 
lancey of Phil" a very High Churchman, who signalized 
himself in the late election of an Assis* Bishop, D"" Henry 
U. Onderdonck, for that Diocese. The latter is still 
more the enemy of Bible Societies, prayer meetings & 
associations with Xt°^ of other denominations, than Bp. 
Hobart. It was to reverend M"" Delancey for his active 
oppugnation to the Low Church party in Pennsylv" that 
thro' the influence of Bp. H. he was elected Rector of 
S* Thomas, w*" after deliberation, he declined. Another 
election was held a few weeks past. Candidates Rev. 
M' Eastburn & Ives. The latter is son in law of Bp. 
H[obart] has recently returned from Lancaster to this 
city & was chosen Assis* to D"" Lyell of X' Church. His 
cheif merit is being son in law to the Bishop. The votes 
were even, 5 & 5, between the Candidates, neither re- 
ceding. A JVP Anthon of Utica was chosen, who has 
also declined. The vacancy stil exists & the rival Candi- 
dates, M"" E & I, The former is supported by the best 
judges in the Vestry, Mess" John Duer, Morris Robin- 
son, Isaac Lawrence &c*, the latter by the devoted par- 
tisans of the Bishop. M'" Eastburn is a Divine of the 
very first talents in our Church, a scholar & a man of 
zeal & Piety. The outcry ag* him that he is unsound 
in his Ch. politics, that is, that he is a member of the 


Am. Bible Society, that he has attended some of the 
Auxiliaries as a Delegate, & that he associates with Min- 
isters of other denominations & does not turn them & 
their people over, with Bp. H. to the uncovenanted 
mercy of God, the cant of the day, & believes that the 
Scriptures ought to be put in the hands of every body. 
Withal he is an Orthodox Christian & Episcopalian, & 
preeminent as a writer & preacher. Notwithstanding 
all this, He is opposed by the whole Host of Bp. H's 
clergy, 9/lOths of this city. I am exert [ing] myself 
to my utmost, because I love & esteem M"" E. conceive 
that the choice will be for the best interests of the 
Church, and moreover, because I was instrumental, some 
years ago, in constituting him a member of the A. B. S. 
But I am so office locked, that I have little time to run 

Thurs^ 17'''. Everything that is in my power to per- 
form, by calling on the members of the Vestry, friendly 
to M"" Eastburn, has been done, to explain away plausi- 
ble objections raised by such as are hostile to him. 

Friday, [January] 18'^ The Vestry meet this ev". 
M"" E's friends will hand in an engagement to take pews 
to the Amount of $5000, more than adequate to build 
Galleries w'' will be wanted for their accommodation & 
bring in additional revenue arising from the rents. I 
hope that this will turn the scale in his favour, but the 
oppugnation of a Bishop is all powerful here. After 
very heavy Fogs it began to clear away yest-^. On 
Wed^ W^, 6 p. m. a fine ship in the London line went 
aground off Sandy Hook, the Columbia, a very great, if 
not total loss is apprehended, w" will fall heavy on our 
offices. My good friend M"" Depeyster has resigned as 
pres* of the National Marine Co[mpany]. A case of 
Forgery & felony ag* one Redmond has excited great 
attention. The trial lasted 3 days & you will see it in 
the Spectator. The plea of Alibi was supported & he 
was acquitted by the Jury in 5 minutes at 12 last night. 
He was a Boarding House keeper & is ruined. A very 
hard case. 

Monday [January] 2P^ Winter at last. Sat'' was 


a muggy, warm, intense Foggy day, cleared off at N. W. 
Yest^ morn* cold, today, very cold. We were all at 
Church however, morn* & ev*. No decision had in my 
Vestry, who like the Cardinals of Rome sit in conclave. 
. . . Poor Uncle Lewis Wife, Ann, died of a short para- 
lytic stroke on Sat^ ev* 19''' aged 44. She was the wild 
daughter of a very respectable Quaker Ebenezer Burling. 
They are both no more, the least said is the better, 

Tuesd^' [January] 22^. An incident occurred last ev* 
w*" for lack of other matter I recite. The Recorder, 
M"" Riker, to whom was confided the distribution of a 
volume printed by our Corporation of the circumstances 
attending the celebration of the completion of the 
Canals, having delayed furnishing the copy to w*" as 
having had a considerably agency in getting up the 
celebration, told me that he wished to inscribe the 
presentation copy to me, in some oflBcial capacity. I 
mentioned that I was secretary of the first public meet- 
ing held in this city on the subject, & w'' was analagous. 
To show that this was not a gratuitous assertion, I 
hunted up the notice published in the Daily Advertiser, 

"Canal. At a numerous & respectable meeting of the Citizens of 
"N York held at the City Hotel, on Saturday evening 30th Dee. 1815 i 
"for the purpose of taking into consideration the measures proper to be 
"adopted to promote a Canal navigation between the great Western 
"Lakes and Tide waters of the Hudson. Wm. Bayard Esq. in the Chair, 
"John Pintard, Secretary." 

Then follow the Resolutions. The substance of this, 
M' Riker will have printed on the cover of the Book. 
I mention this the rather, because at the epoch of the 
celebration, the circumstance of the of the president & 
Secretary of the first public meeting on the subject, were 
both present. My late patriotic friend Thomas Eddy, 
who had a very great agency in promoting this great 
enterprize, & whose recollection was indistinct, felt some 
sensation, presuming that he had acted as Secretary, & 
that it was transferring an honour due to him to one not 
entitled to it. He had forgotten. He was put on the 

1 This correct date 1815 was wrongly written by Pintard 1817 in his 
letter of September, 1825, vol. II, 175. 


Committee to prepare a Memorial to the Legislature w'' 
was done & presented. Very great opposition was made 
against the enterprize, politically, least it sh*^ give M"" 
Clinton, then entering on his Governors career, popu- 
larity. He was called a visionary scoundrel who w^ 
ruin the State of N York with his Dry Ditch as Gen. 
Root called it, to secure his popularity. Words can 
feebly describe the oppugnation of his adversaries or the 
persevering efforts of his friends. DeWitt Clinton is 
immortalized by the greatest achievement of the age, 
w" on its completion M"" Jefferson remarked ought to 
be called the Eighth Wonder of the World. Altho only 
a very humble agent, a mere Bellows Blower to the or- 
gan, I feel gratified that from its incipient stages until 
the final successful accomplishment of this wonderful 
effort, that I tho't highly of the practicability & ex- 
erted every effort in my feeble power to promote it. 

Wed^ [January] 23*^. Light snow, w'' has tempered 
the atmosphere. A special meeting of the Managers of 
the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] was held yest^ to 
grant the Binder, the temperary use of their Room, in 
order to extend his work, to supply, as far as possible, 
the demand for Bibles & Testaments, from all quarters. 
It is really animating to hear read the letters from our 
Auxiliaries. It is not a solitary Town or County, but 
an extraord^ unprecedented excitement throughout, al- 
most every State, to supply the destitute with the Scrip- 
tures. Alas! Episcopalians are so taken up with in- 
ternal Feuds & open hostility ag' the A. B, S. that we 
are absolutely sleeping & doing nothing, while every 
other Xt° denomination are awake & engaged in this 
glorious cause. It makes me blush. Awful is the re- 
sponsibility on those whose influence is opposed to this 

Thur'' [January] 24. The light snow was blown 
away by a sharp N. Waster last ev^ & it is bitter cold 
this day. 

Friday 25. More moderate with appearance of snow. 
. . . Reading an article in y' Mercantile Adv"" of 30*'' 


Dec. mentioning that on that day 24 years ago Lou- 
isiana became part of the U. S. it speaks of the immense 
progress of y' city, in population, Commerce (fee" since 
that epoch. The whole character & circumstances being 
changed since its emancipation from the Spanish yoke 
"& the thraldom of a rapacious Clergy." This last re- 
mark I consider extremely illiberal. However as Prot- 
estants we may not approve the Roman Catholic sys- 
tem, yet as far as my observations extended during my 
visit in 1801 when I cultivated an acquaintance & some 
intimacy with the Clergy of the day, I c*^ remark no 
instance of rapacity. Their revenues arose from grants 
of the Crown or benefactions of former times. The 
Cathedral was erected by funds bequeathed by some 
wealthy Lawyer, if not set up in his life time. The 
Ursulines derive their large estate, by a grant from the 
French Crown, of lands formerly given to the Jesuits 
at the earliest settlem* of N[ew] 0[rleans] at whose 
expulsion the estates reverted to those who gave them. 
I heard no complaint whatever of exactions to support 
the Clergy. Nor do I believe that the expenses attend- 
ing their maintenance, considering their celibacy, any 
way to be compared with our clergy. Bishop Dubois 
in this city has only $800 a year with a house to live in 
& has 2 Clergymen inmates with him & who eat at 
his table. Bp. Hobart has a superb house & a salary 
of $3500 a year, as much I believe as nearly all the 
Roman Catholic clergymen together. There are sub- 
jects enough of discordance, probably, between the old 
French & the new American settlers without making 
unnecessary reflections at this enlightened period on the 
Rom. Cath. Religion, of all others the most odious. In 
our highly favoured country no established Church, 
thank God, exists. Let us confine our disputes & ani- 
mosities to politics, an ample field, & leave the Clergy & 
their flocks to seek their road to Heaven, according to 
their respective Creeds, & live as far as possible, in peace 
& harmony with each other. 


3P^ Jan^, Thurs^ ... I have lost another friend & 
playmate of my childhood, Martin Hoffman, late Auc- 
tioneer, who died of apoplexy yest^ morn", aged 65, about 
4 years younger than myself. He leaves a large family 
of 11 Children, the youngest 2 years. His oldest son, 
Murray Hoffman is a lawyer of credit & extensive prac- 
tice. M"" H. married early, Beulah Murray daughter 
of M' Robert Murray & sister of John Murray J' the 
philanthropist. She died early, & he next married Miss 
Seton, by whom he had this flock of 10 Children. He 
was a kind hearted man, but always unfortunate, & I 
believe leaves nothing. I may attend his funeral to- 
morrow, weather permitting, & drop a tear over the re- 
mains of my departed friend. 

[Addressed by:] Ship Tennessee 

New^ York, Sat^ 23^ Feb^ 1828 

By the Azelia, to have sailed yest'^ my letter ^ of 
22^ was despatched, as I tho't you w"* naturally feel 
solicitous to hear some particulars concerning my late 
dear friend Gov"" Clinton of whose sudden death I made 
a mem° on the cover of y"" brothers letter of 14^^ inst. 
by the Louisiana. Indeed I can scarcely yet realize this 
severe dispensation to his family, friends & Nation. I 
hope that it will be sanctified to me esp'' by calling my 
tho'ts from this transitory world & fixing them more 
intently on the future. It is gratifying to me to remark 
the general feeling of sympathy & respect that appears 
in all quarters. Former political differences had nearly 
terminated & all appeared to be buried in his grave. A 
universal expression of regret & esteem flows in from all 
quarters & this city in particular pays every attention 
to his memory. For my part, I have not attended any 
of the So[ciety] or public meetings that have taken 

2 Not among the Pintard MSS. owned by The New-York Historical 


place, being mostly in the evenings. The inclemency 
of the weather & absolute impossibility of hearing, made 
it best for me not to go, but I have not been wanting 
in my suggestions to others, w** may possibly have pro- 
duced more effect than any speech, were I capable of 
delivering one in public, c'' have done. It is in con- 
templation to erect a suitable edifice for the Mercantile 
Library association to cost, ground & all $30,000. If 
executed it is to be named Clinton Hall, no doubt at the 
instigation of my benevolent friend W™ Wood, who you 
have seen, the Founder of the Institution & who must 
be gratified at this splendid success of his, once called 
romantic, efforts. But the main tribute to the services 
of Gov'' Clinton will not be paid. Our Legislature will 
restore, simply, the am' of salary due him as Canal 
Comm"" out of which he was shamefully turned thro' 
the malice & venom of his Foes. This nefarious act 
recoiled on his persecutors, for it excited public reproba- 
tion at the time & raised his popularity. Now, however, 
it is to be regretted, as diminishing the salary w'" w^ 
otherwise have been due. The most from this just debt, 
may am' to about $20,000, better than nothing for his 
destitute minor children. A grant of $100,000 certifi- 
cate at 6 p' c' till the youngest child comes of age, w** 
not be commensurate to the great boon that M'" Clinton 
has left to the State & esp^ to this City, where landed 
property has been enhanced a hundred fold & far be- 
yond in the upper parts of the city. This act of justice 
it is in vain to hope for. I feel grateful for what is 
doing & have not dared to write in the papers, least by 
suggesting too much, we might mar the whole. It is 
singular that at the meeting of our Senators & repre- 
sentatives in Congress to pass complimentary resolu- 
tions, M"" Van Beuren of the former was Chairman, & 
M' Verplanck, Sec^, M^ Clintons two most virulent po- 
litical enemies in this State. The Resolutions were 
unanimously adopted, a proof of the total oblivion of 
all animosities thank God. As before remarked. Gov' C. 
died full of popularity & fame & has left a monument 


behind, the g^ western Canal, that will endure for ages. 
It sh'' be called the Clinton Canal, but his name is iden- 
tified with. There is I fear a lurking spirit of jealousy, 
that will not do this act of Justice. I have done my 
possible, so let it pass. Adieu my once highly esteemed 
friend & benefactor. 

I find that I am wrong about the Washington meet- 
ing. Gen. Van Kenselaer M"" Clintons warmest friend 
was Chairman & M"" Van Beuren Sec^. 

Monday [February] 25'" ... I availed myself of a 
leisure hour yest^ p. m. to discharge a duty that I owed 
to the memory of my deceased friend, whose loss I shall 
always deplore, by writing a letter of condolence to his 
oldest son Ch[arle]s Clinton a very promising young 
man, & who is happily married to one of M' John Hone's 
daughters, an heiress. Charles was private Sec^ to his 
father, Salary $500, and he is continued in the same 
oflfice by 1} Gov' Pitcher, a sick inexperienced man, & 
to whom the services of a sec-^', who is acquainted with 
all his Fathers views & intentions must be highly im- 
portant. I wrote with a very heavy heart, for I was 
naturally muted, to recall the death of M" Clinton & of 
my protege James Henry Clinton, whom you may recol- 
lect & who was cut off in the very prime of youth, as 
before intimated to you. Mother read of course my 
letter, heartily written like all my letters to whomso- 
ever. She did not think it one of my happiest, but 
what c*^ a poor broken hearted friend say, more than 
express his sincere & profound grief. I was not called 
to write a panegyric, nor could I if inclined, do justice 
to the merit of my late illustrious friend, the greatest 
benefactor that our state ever had, Altho his uncle Gov' 
George Clinton rendered most important services to our 
State, during the Rev[olutionar]y War. . . . 

Wed^ [February] 26*'^ [sic jor 27th] Dear Mother 
has had an honour conferred on her, in her old days. At 
a meeting of Ladies to aid the Greeks, she was nomi- 
nated one of the Committee to solicit donations. She 
has accepted, but it will be a diflScult task to get much, 


as a Committee of Females have just swept the streets 
in favour of the Orphan Assylum, very destitute of 
Funds to support this important Institution. Mother 
will do her best, however, & sh'^ [she] prove any way 
successful as she has done among the good plain people 
of New Utrecht, I shall rejoice. The nomination I at- 
tribute to my friend Wood. I cannot say that I feel 
obliged to him, for Mothers years & my long constant 
services in the cause of humanity ought to excuse her. 
She meant to have commenced this day, but it rains 
again. On Monday ev^ Mother & Sister were to have 
taken tea with M""^ Schencks musical family. A raw 
boisterous ev^' prevented. D' Davizac was to have ac- 
companied them. . . . Your brother expects another 
consignment by the Illinois of 500 bales from his friend 
M"" Franklin w" I hope will turn to better account than 
the first adventure. 

Thur^ [February] 28*\ The Illinois arrived last ev^ 
& before getting y"" letter, we saw by the morn^ paper, 
M" Wederstrand among the passengers, child & servant. 
When your brother came down about 10 o'clock, he in- 
stantly went to the ship & placed Madame with her 
retinue & baggage in a Hack, & despatched her to 
Broome S*. This visit, short as it may be, materially 
interferes with the poor Greeks. Mother & Sister were 
going on their mendicant tour & possibly may have left 
home before intelligence of M''^ W's visit was sent up. 
. . . You are pleased with the new School for y"* daugh- 
ters. I hope that the favourable account you give of 
Miss McLeod will prove lasting & why sh** it not, the 
very organization of her Academy indicates her ta[s]te 
& capacity & I am glad to hear that our Turtle Dove 
[Louise Davidson] improves. But why wish to send 
them as Boarders. Surely your own well regulated fam- 
ily will not undo the lessons & instructions of Miss Mc. 
. . . Really Miss Proctor is a prodigy & merits all the 
care of a wealthy parent. . . . 

Friday [February] 29"". You feel anxious to hear 
the impressions made by your friend M""' W[eder- 


strandt]. It seldom happens that a Lady so much ex- 
tolled as M" W. comes up to the expectations antici- 
pated of her. But really this ext[raordinar]y & 
accomplished Female exceeds your very flattering de- 
scription of her power of mind, ease & elegance of 
expression. Mother is charmed. For myself I c*^ hear 
but little. Altho' just arrived from sea, with Sister she 
went shopping in B'^way before & after dinner. In the 
ev^' M"" Palmer called & she with Sister & brother waited 
on M" Palmer. I admire her masculine energetic char- 
acter, without any appearance of affectation or presump- 
tion. The object of her visit she keeps to herself. 
Brother supposes to raise a loan to stock her plantation 
with slaves. As she does not communicate, of course 
no enquiries are made. She rests to day, & sets off for 
Balt[im]o[re] to morrow, & says if she can accomplish 
her business, she w'^ endeavour to be back to return with 
the Illinois on the 15*". . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Kentucky 

New York. Sat-^' V March, 1828 

. . . Dear Sister got up a Tea party, for your friend 
M" Wederstrandt, last ev*^, consisting of y' brothers & 
her friends. Every preparation was genteel & even 
profuse. . . . M' Davizac was with us. The Lectures 
being concluded he leaves this next Tuesday to visit his 
Mothers family in Virginia, after w'' he proposes em- 
barking at Norfolk for N. 0. & attend the Infirmary next 
summer. He is really a very genteel, modest, unob- 
trusive young man. He cannot as he once intended visit 
our Cadets, w" I regret. 

Monday 3*^ March. It is with pain that my pen has 
to record the unexpected death of M"' Furman the wife 
of my president. On Thurs^ night she fell either getting 
in or out of bed. She was very corpulent having been 
long afflicted with dropsy, for w"" every experiment was 


tried in vain. ... On Sat^ M" Wederstrandt set out 
for Brunswick at 11, in the Steam Boat. . . . Severe as 
the storm was and having prepared with more than 
usual solemnity to participate, I attended the Com- 
munion in my old French Church & received it at the 
hands of my esteemed Rev. friend M"" Eastburn. My 
feelings were quite overpowered, but I restrained them 
until the solemn duties of the day were performed. . . . 

(12 o'clock) M-- Boyd has just called in. M''^ B. has 
rec** a letter from her brother jVP Bayard, who with my 
dear Sister Patty set off on Thur^ last for Virginia to 
attend the accouchment of Julia [Washington] to take 
place this month. Distressing to add that Julia has lost 
her little girl, without much previous indisposition I 
presume, for the intelligence came all at once upon her 
parents, to the great affliction of her tender hearted 
Mother. They set off immediately . . . 

Tuesday [March] 4*^. This day the Greek Ladies re- 
port the am* of their subscriptions. With great personal 
exertion Dear Mother had obtained $95, last aft.noon. 
To round $100 M"" Servoss agreed to pay the balance, if 
not rec'^ this morn'''. Sister after tea last ev^ ran to 
some families & procured $8, in addition to 82 before 
collected. 2 Rainy days & one devoted to y' friend M" 
Wederstrandt left Mother only 3 days for operation. It 
was too much for her to run up & down so many flights 
of stone steps & she was over fatigued on Sat'' ev^ but 
happily she has attained her mark & her name will not 
be disgraced when published. The aim of the ladies was 
to get $100 each. Some have done more who were 
within reach of the wealthy. . . . 

Wed^ [March] 5*^ I attended the Funeral, as pall 
bearer, of M" Furman, in his vault in S' Pauls Church 
Yard, penalty $250 by law for interments south of 
Canal St. a barbarous act. My feelings were very sol- 
emn. M" F. was 9 days older than myself. She died in 
full possession of her mind & quite easy & resigned. 
Afflicted with an incurable dropsy, she is happily re- 
leased. I see in the morn^ paper that M' Boyd, who 


you may recollect lived with us at Cap* Johnsons in 
Newark. He & his sister lived together unmarried, at 
Hackensack & in comfortable circumstances. Tired of 
life, he put a period to his existence. Awful! The pre- 
cepts of Xt-'' had no hold on him. . . . 

Thur^ [March] 6"\ This day the Rev. M^ Upfold 
is instituted Rector of S* Thomas. May he prove a 
faithful serv* of his Lord Jesus Christ & acceptable to 
his congregation. His talents are moderate, but he may 
be not the less useful, if he be pious. High Church is 
the cheif merit for promotion in this Diocese, & stern 
opposition to the Am. Bible So[ciety]. God forgive 
them. Oppugnation is harmless, if not useful, as it not 
only stimulates its friends but teaches them circumspec". 
I have just read D"" Milnor's beautiful sermon on the 
death of Gov"" Clinton of w*" I will send you a copy & 
one for M" Foster. . . . 
[Addressed:] Favoured by Doc"" Davizac 
Ship Russell 

New York. Sat^' S'"" March, 1828 

On returning home yest' p. m. I found D"" Davizac, 
who I thot had gone to Virginia. He concluded to take 
passage in the Russell to sail this day. A letter rec*^ 
from Pintard vest-'' of 5"' is inclosed in my packet. My 
wayward g'^son & namesake wishes to abandon the pur- 
suit of physic for the roving life of a Mariner. . . . Let 
us try to induce Marney, to take up his fathers profes- 
sion & become a second Francis as his Uncle says. . . . 

Monday [March] 10*'' . . . Having a cold in my 
head I did not go to Church for fear of aggravating it, 
w^ I regretted as it was the first appearance of our new 
Rector M"" Upfold, having taken part with the friends 
of the Rev. M' Eastburn, mistaken motives might have 
been imputed, but not so. I rather rejoice that M"" E. 
may be the founder of a new Church & the pastor of 
a united warm hearted congregation w^ c*' not have been 


the case at S' Thomas. . . . My friend George Rapelje 
called to ask whether I had rec*^ any tidings about M' 
[Richard] Stockton from Princeton who was ill, & 
shortly announced his death, by apoplexy on Friday 
ev°. M"" S. had attended Trenton court last week, & 
happily had got home to meet his sudden sunmaons. He 
had grown extremely corpulent, & the mode of his death 
has been for some time anticipated. . . . 

Tuesday [March] IV^. . . . M"" Bayard being from 
home I can learn no particulars about M'' Stocktons 
death, only that it was not so sudden as reported. His 
son Richard had he existed was to have inherited the 
Mansion & its ample domains. Robert, in the U. S. 
Navy, is at the south, surveying the Florida coast. He 
married a Georgia heiress. His 3 married daughters 
have not been lucky. M" Harrisons husband a bank- 
rupt & a sot, his next daughter the handsomest, married 
a M^ Roach ^ a Wet Quaker of Bristol [County] Mass*' 
whose father a most respectable Friend is extensively 
concerned in the whale fishery, the son a partner, is a 
bon vivant & debauchee. Thompson * son of the famous 
Tea Thompson, thot to be a fortune is a beggar, in 
consequence of his fathers failure. He went on with L* 
Stockton to take charge, as agent & overseer of his father 
in laws estate in Georgia. Thus these matrimoiiiaj 
monied speculations have all failed. M' S. you know 
was exceedingly proud & haughty w^ rendered him very 
unpopular, tho' his high talents commanded respect, but 
not esteem. Very selfish & not benevolent. He con- 
demned his Uncle Boudinot for his munificence. I shall 
not be surprized if, with his aristocratic notions, he sh'' 
have left Robert Lord of the Manor & principal heir, 
with moderate legacies to his 2 other sons & 4 daughters. 
Robert is a fine frank good hearted seaman, partaking 
of his mothers side of the house. What I have s*^ is 

3 Caroline Stockton married William R. Rotch, son of William Rotch 
(Jr.). T. C. Stockton, The Stockton Family (1911), p. 128; L. B. Ellis, 
History of New Bedford (1892), pt. II. p. 4. 

4 John Renshaw Thomson (1800-1862) who married Annis Stockton, 
sister of Robert Field Stockton. Stockton Family, p. 130. 


mere conjecture. It is 4 years since I last saw M' S. 
during w" time he had grown exceedingly corpulent, of 
w*" he did not like to be told. At M' Boudinots funeral, 
I inadvertently expressed my surprize at his obesity. 
One of his daughters overheard me. I s*^ nothing rude. 
She foolishly repeated, perhaps aggravated my innocent 
remark, at w*" he expressed a sensation, w*" was weak in 
him. I always resolved that he sh** not ever be offended 
on that score again. D*" Romaine carried off the freedom 
of such remarks with great good humour. My God 
Doctor how fat you grow. Yes, more so than I c'* wish, 
& there it ended. . . . 

Thur-^ [March] IS'*' ... On Monday af.noon, I met 
ray new Rector M'' Upfold, for the first time. It was 
at the meeting of the Trustees of S^ Thomas Ch. Scholar- 
ship. The Rector is president of the board ex officio, 
as Senior V[ice] Pres' I presided since the decease of 
M"" Duffy. We received him with all due form & re- 
spect, & on introducing him to the chair by request, I 
gave him a brief sketch of the rise & progress of the 
Institution, w'' I did with such reference to the memory 
of his predecessor as was just, & with such remarks as 
might warm his heart & enlist his feelings to promote 
the object, w'' I have so much at heart. You know my 
zeal on the occasion, & altho' very backward in speak- 
ing even before a very small audience, w" I can never 
attempt without embarrasing diffidence, I believe that 
I acquitted myself tolerably well. At least M"" U. 
avowed, that the foundation of a scholarship was a 
favourite object with him & that he w*^ promote it to 
the best of his power. He was presented with a certifi- 
cate of Life Membership, subscribed ($25) by some 
ladies of his congregation, for w^ he expressed his grate- 
ful thanks. Mama & Sister led the subscription, as 
usual, $1. each, a mere trifle when all combine. I in- 
close for you a copy & one for M"" Gordon of the 9^^ 
Report of our Savings Bank, by w*" j^ou will see its won- 


derful progress & prosperity. By the way the scholar- 
ship Fund of $2500 am*« to 1049 at In* at 6 p' C*. I con- 
sidered it as founded, if only the Interest be added to 
the principal annually, it will require by this slow proc- 
ess 15 years 8 m" & 19 days to accumulate to $2500. 
I have said all I could to excite zeal, but we Episco- 
palians are at best a torpid set. The Presbyterians w'' 
accomplish it in a single year, & painful to add, from 
Trinity down, not a single Episcopal Church in the city 
or state follows our example. The avenue to the purse 
is thro' the heart, & we must change our hearts of stone 
to hearts of flesh before much can be expected or hoped 

New York. 15*-* March, Sat-^ 1828 

. . . My gratification on always hearing y'' good 
brother expressing himself in such high terms of my 
beloved daughter & the Doctor. As I was taking my 
breakfast, alone, at 8 to come down early to my office, 
we discoursed about y' sons, that as Pintard seems bent 
on the Navy, the propriety of bringing up Marney as 
a physician. ... It was discoursing on this subject that 
led me to enquire the estimation in which the Doctor 
was held. He told me that M"" Linton, particularly, re- 
garded him as a person of powerful mind & talents, & 
that his character as a physician stood very high in y"" 
city. That he was temperate in his habits, & a favour- 
ite with his female patients. Above all, that you had 
a mutual respect for each others counsels, a proof of 
my beloved daughters discretion & of the judgment of 
her good man. . . . 

Wed^ [March] 19'\ This is our Thomas' Birthday, 
now 15 years, the first he ever spent with his parents. 
He is a kind hearted youth & very attentive to me. He 
is reserved with his Father, who probably justly, thinks 


that boys ought to be kept under the strictest discipline 
& thinks me but a poor manager. . . . 

Friday [March] 2V\ I have been just thanking my 
friend M' Depeyster for communicating to me a letter 
from the Rev. D"" Jarvis, who was in London last Jan^', 
sojourning at present in France educating his children. 
He draws a most flattering picture of the friendship & 
hospitality of the English gentry & ecclesiastics to whom 
he was introduced. . . . The independent fortunes, high 
education, refined minds & polished manners of the No- 
bility & gentry of Eng'' must have rendered the inter- 
course of such a person, as the Rev. D'' Jarvis most 
delightful. He is himself an accomplished esp^ Theo- 
logical, Scholar, a gentleman in manners & competent 
to sustain his part & character in the most intellectual 
circles. In my estimation D"" J. is the highest scholar 
of the Epis. Church in the U. States, & not very inferior 
to the eminent Divines of the countries he visits. . . . 
I congratulate y"" good friend M" Chew on the honour- 
able election of M"" C. as president of the Branch B"" w*" 
I hope will add to his comfort & happiness of a family so 
associated with yours as to be very dear to me, also 
M""^ Smith & family, not forgetting Miss Frances. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Frances 

New York, Monday 24'" March, 1828 

. . . The papers will have imparted the scandalous 
conduct of our Legislature respect^ the family of Gov*" 
Clinton, $10,000 being the extent of their mean bounty, 
& numbers opposed even to that. Indeed we may well 
say that Republics are ungrateful. Congress likewise 
are passing by the claims of the old Rev[olutionar]y 
oflBcers, of whom, had I been one I sh** have ranked 
among the youngest. Almost all, in this State, have 
turned 70, & the last hope of several to comfort & sup- 


port their short remaining years, depended on this act of 
Justice to their toils & sufferings. It is impossible to 
estimate what they endured, esp^ during the 3 first years 
of the Rev^ War, almost without necessary clothing, 
blankets, shoes or linen, & often living on the shortest 
allowance. Their pay, depreciated money, a whole year 
of w*" was inadequate to puT^chase a new suit of plain 
regimentals. When I recur to facts, within my personal 
knowledge, I execrate the cold blooded statesmen who 
can look with indifference on the claims of these war 
worn veterans, & turn a deaf ear to their supplica- 
tions. . . . G. Britain, at the close of our Revolution 
remunerated all those whose estates were confiscated for 
their loyalty, & gave all the Refugee officers half pay 
for life w*" they are receiving to this day. Whilst America, 
w^ won the day, & acquire [d] such immense resources 
in land, refuse a loaf of bread to those who began & 
served thro' the whole course of the war. ... I do not 
repine at the due generosity of Congress to Gen. La 
Fayette, but this act of national justice ought not to 
swallow up our poor fellow citizens claims. The shame- 
ful ingratitude of our State, to the destitute family of 
its greatest Benefactor has called up reflections so often 
repeated as to become irksome I fear. . . . 

Thur^ [March] 27*'' ... I send herewith a little 
public" Cook on the efficacy of White Mustard, w*" is 
all in vogue here, also a pound of the seed, w" possibly 
may be beneficial to Darling. The Doctor will of course 
examine it. As far as I can judge, no harm can arise 
from taking it. Sister uses it, some ladies conceit pos- 
sibly, think they have derived great benefit from it. At 
all events you can, if useless as medecine, convert the 
mustard, by grinding it with a bottle to table purposes, 
w*" after all is the best way of preparing it tho' not quite 
so pleasing to the eye it is more pungent. Give it a 


Sat^ [March] 29"*. . . . My successive letters have 
pretty nearly shown the state of my afflicted mind w'' 
will not be relieved until after the meeting of the Di- 
rectors the latter of May, when, if all losses by fraud, to 
be thrown up [on] me, it will sweep away the little of 
my hard earnings thro life. I endeavour to avoid brood- 
ing on it not to enfeeble my mental powers, w*" at best 
are bad eno[ugh], till then a truce to reflections . . . 

Monday [March] 3P' 

Mother answers y"" letter by this conveyance. I ap- 
prehend that she has wrong impressions about the Fe- 
male High School, established in a new part of the 
city. It may not, as yet, be the resort of children of 
the higher ranks, however, the case is altering daily, & 
those of several respectable families now go to it. 2 
young ladies. Miss Mclntyres our next door neighbours, 
among others, who strangers at first, to all around them, 
are now better reconciled. They are about Louise's age. 
I am convinced that the system of education & pro- 
ficiency of the scholars are superior to that of any other 
female seminary in the city. 

1 P. M. Your brother has brought me y"" letter of 
IS*'' by the John Linton. It is a pleasure to hear, or 
rather for Sister, of the gaieties of y"" city & friends. 
Really M'' Dicks party exceeded any thing I imagine 
ever exhibited in this city, even by D"" Hosack, who with 
Philip Hone rank foremost in splendid entertainments. 
I rejoice more to hear of the Doctors success in his estab- 
lishment. . . . 

New York, 4*'^ April, 1828 
A N East Snow Storm 

Yest^ at the meeting of the Managers of the A[meri- 
can] B[ible] S[ociety] I had the gratification of hearing 
read a letter from y' B. S. resolving to supply the desti- 
tute families of y"" city with the Scriptures. Col. Varick 


was elected unanimously president of the A. B. S. in 
place of M"" Jay resigned. He has presided at our meet- 
ings since the decease of Gen. Clarkson & has been one 
of our most liberal benefactors. It was resolved not to 
publish the Spanish Bible with the Apocrypha, w" will 
interfere with sending the Scriptures to Spanish Amer- 
ica. But the Young Men's Bible S" of Phil" are under- 
taking the circulation, not being restricted, w" will an- 
swer the same purpose. Our business increases so, that 
we are obliged to provide other accommodations for 
conducting the printing. We are about purchasing a lot 

6 erecting a Brick Building thereon, nearly opposite the 
Depository, the whole expense of which will be about 
$4000, for w*" the printer will allow us an Interest of 

7 p"" Cent. Heaven smiles on our labours. 

Sat^ [April] 5'\ . . . M^ Bayard in a letter of 3P' 
March mentions, that M"" Stockton has left the Mansion 
& premises, after the decease of M" Stockton, to Robert 
charged with $10,000 payable to his 2 brothers Samuel 
& William, Tusculum & several town lots to Samuel, the 
old Stockton farm near the Seminary to William. The 
residue of his Estate estimated from $60 to $80,000 is 
left in trust to Robert & M"" Bayard, the interest to be 
paid to the widow & daughters, during life. M" Stock- 
ton Robert & M"" Bayard Executors. I think the daugh- 
ters have hard measure, but I always thot that M"" S's 
aristocratic notions w^ give all to his oldest & 2 other 
sons. The Mansion & lands are very valuable. Cap* 
Stockton you know married an heiress, & has an elegant 
house near M'' Bayards. I have never been at Prince- 
ton since it was built. 

I have just heard of the death of the Rev. Cave 
Jones, Chaplain of the Navy Yard, Brooklyn after 5 days 
illness. He was an excellent man & pious, a worthy & 
useful member of the Am[erican] Bible So[ciety] & 
constant attendant at the Managers. He had a violent 
contest, with Bp. Hobart, some years ago, & was obliged 
to leave Trinity Church, with a grant of $10,000. He 
leaves a wife & 2 daughters, comfortably provided, re- 


markably well educated ladies & will no doubt make 
good matches. I respected M' J. who I considered per- 
secuted. But he has gone to his rest. 

(2 p. m.) A friend has just called to tell me that the 
report of M' Jones' death is not true, that he was better 
this morn^. Thank God. I pray that he may recover. 
The office of Chaplain is probably worth $1000 p"" an. & 
the chance of succession has given circulation to the 
rumour. The family of M' J. is very amiable, & I have 
always been respectful to them, tho' contrary to the 
opinions of our B[isho]p men. Strange world of an- 
tipathies we live in. More ab* M"" Jones. A friend who 
called at his home last ev^. He was so low, that it was 
not supposed that he c*^ live thro' the night, easier at 12, 
but worse this morn'-'. Complaint, inflammation of the 
liver & his case extremely critical. I feel interested in 
his fate. 

Monday [April] 7'". M"" Jones was better yesf. It 
being Easter Sunday, we all attended the Communion, 
a circumstance most grateful to me that all our house- 
hold are of one mind on this important duty. ... To 
Bp. Taylors Worthy Communicant, I acknowledge my 
obligations in my late preparation. It is an old work, 
now out of print, or I w'^ send you a copy. It is very 
spiritual, in the style of his Holy Living & Dying. I 
read my favourite Sermon, D"" Barrow, on the Resurec- 
tion, nearly 11 Folio close printed pages, in the aft. noon, 
when I staid home on purpose. All the rest went to 
Church, altho the day was raw, & so cold last night, that 
we had a sharp frost. . . . Order of the day with me. 
To attend at 12, rthie meeting of the Trustees of the 
Sailors Snug Harbour. We have the procsDpect of ob- 
taining an act to alter the location of the Hospitcal: the 
object of my long pursuit & wishes. But we can do 
nothing until the suit ag* the Trustees shall be deter- 
mined, w'' will be delayed in the Supreme Court of the 
U States until next winter. At 5 p. m. I have to attend 
the Domestic Socciety] meeting, preparatory to the 
Anniv^. I am endeavouring to rid myself of this S° in 


consequence of my deafness. At 1, the election of 
Ch[urch] Wardens & Vestry Du S' Esprit, from w** I 
c*^ wish to withdraw also, but must continue a little 
longer till our new minister shall be settled, & probably, 
if we erect a new Church, to render my services on the 
occasion, w*" will not be until another Year, & may afford 
me at least innocent occupation, if spared. I almost 
dread a total unoccupied life, least I sh*^ fall into the 
too often, old mans vice, intemperance to kill time, w" 
God forbid, but I have seen too many fatal instances, 
that make me shudder. Wed^ p. m. Savings Bank, Fri- 
day p. m. A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] Standing 
Comm*. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship DeWitt Clinton 

New York, Tuesday 8^^ April, 1828 

. . . This day the City Hotel in B'^way, the largest 
establishment in this City, was sold at the Merchants 
Exchange, & purchased by John Jacob Astor for 
$121,000. The Building cost more money & the ground 
100 f*^ on B'^way by 175 in depth is worth more. An im- 
mense bargain. This location belonged to Cap* De- 
lancey of Ma[ma]roneck & in 1790 or 91, in the days 
of my ephemeral prosperity I was concerned in the pur- 
chase as Trustee for Tammany So[ciety] for $15,000. 
The Buildings on it were not worth the cost of taking 
down. In consequence of the catastrophe of the times, 
the Society c*^ not prosecute their design of erecting their 
Hall &c. & sold it for $18,000 to an association who 
undertook to build the present Hotel by Subscription. 
Before it was completed however, they got set for want 
of Funds, & were obliged to borrow a large sum, about 
$25,000 from the Bank of N York, w'^ enabled them to 
finish it. But the speculation not yielding an Interest, 
the Bank was compelled to foreclose their mortgage. 
Ezra Weeks, an enterprizing master builder from the 
interior of Massachusets, had the spirit to grapple 


with it, in company with M' Thomas Tom, a successful 
merch^ A considerable expense was incurred to put it 
in the order it now is & the investment became profita- 
ble, as it [is] a place of the first resort. Some dif- 
ference between Weeks & a son of the late IVP Emmet 
who married Tom's daughter-^ has led, I understand, 
to the sale. How Weeks has let it slip thro' his hands 
is probably owing to a large investment in a ship Rail- 
way that probably demands all his resources. Such is 
the History of this piece of property & such the worth 
of ground in B"way. Alas! the Delancey family, what 
a loss they sustained by their Loyalty. The land in this 
city, called Delanceys ground, was confiscated & the fam- 
ily rec*^ a compensation from the Crown of £80,000 
Sterling, less than $400,000. This property now cov- 
ered with Houses, exceeds probably in value. Five mil- 
lions of Dollars. They had great possessions also on 
this island & in Westchester County. How the City 
Tavern as it was then called escaped I know not. It 
was originally the City Dwelling of U Gov' Delancey, 
a very lofty proud man. This family is sprung from 
the Hugenots. Their Ancestor a shrewd intelligent cal- 
culator possessed of some money, laid it all out in lands 
& probably purchased the whole of the above ground, 
at the beginning of the last century for less than $10,000. 
But of this I speak without authority. 

Thur'' [April] 10. The Presbyterian Congregations 
of D' Spring & D' M'Auleys Church having become too 
numerous for comfortable accommodation, agreed to 
erect an other place of worship, the expense of w" & 
lot is estimated at 120,000. It was agreed to open a 
subscription, for w'' purpose a number of persons met 
one ev° of this week, no subscriber to give more than 
SIOO. S22,500 wTre instantly subscribed in single shares 
except M"" Arthur Tappan who subscribed 10 shares, or 

^ It was John Tom's daughter. Anna Riker Tom. who married Thomas 
Addis Emmet, Jr., in 1823. T. A. Emmet. The Emmet FowJly (1898), 
p. 321 ; N. Y. Evening Post, April 5, 1823. 


$1000, the usual subscriptions & donations of this benev- 
olent man. This is another instance of the active piety 
of the Presbyterians in this city. We have nothing like 
it in my Church. I send a copy of a letter to a Unitarian 
Clergyman, w*" is republished in last weeks Observer,® 
written by M'" Tappans brother Lewis now in partner- 
ship with him. The pamphlet may be of use to some of 
those who with you possible, belong to this Infidel self 
called Christians who deny their Lord & Master. May 
they like the Writer Repent & be converted. Unitari- 
anism is going down in Boston, & in Germany many of 
its learned professors are returning to the True Faith, 
This heresy however has its sway, with those who wish 
to be learned above what is written & to soar above 
vulgar prejudices. 

Saturday [April] 12'" 2 p. m. I called last p. m. to 
sympathize with M"" John Slidell of this city, on the loss 
of his fine son,^ a Midshipman who with two others 
was drowned in the Chesepeak on the 5"' inst. by a flaw 
of wind oversetting the Boat in w*" they were sailing. 
The particulars are in the Observer of this date, under 
the head of "Melancholly Accident." Melancholly in- 
deed. Young Hunter ^ who alone survived, is I believe 
the son of M" H. M^ Stocktons Sister. He owed his 
preservation it is said, to a large overcoat from w*" he 
c*^ not extricate himself & which served to buoy him up 
& to protect him from the chilling effects of the cold 
weather & water. . . . 

Monday 14'*' April. A complete N. E. snowstorm. 
The snow melts as it falls but wliitens the Roofs on the 
north side of the Houses. It began yest^ morn^ lightly, 
w*" prevented Mother & Sister from going to Church. I 
went in the morn^ but staid home p. m. The inclemency 
of the weather will prevent my attendance, for the last 
time, at the anniv^ meeting of the humble but useful 

6 The "Letter from a Gentleman in Boston, To a Unitarian Clergy- 
man of that City" was printed in the New-York Observer, for Saturday. 
April 5, 1828. 

7 William J. Slidell. N. Y. Observer, Ap 12 1828 

8 Bushrod W. Hunter. Ibid. 


So[ciety] for the Improvement of Domestics, w** is be- 
coming very beneficial. My increasing deafness com- 
pelled me to decline an election as president. May it, 
with every other useful Institution prosper. This is a 
wonderful period for benevolent & religious exertions, all 
tending to meliorate the condition of Society & to extend 
the diffusion of the Scriptures & conversion of the 
Heathen. These signs of the Times indicate the fulfil- 
ment of the prophecies & the downfal of the Turkish 
Empire. Wonderful is the extension of kind feelings for 
the poor Greeks & the contributions now receiving will 
exceed the former. How grateful to the feelings of the 
kind hearted females who have taken an interest on be- 
half of their sex in Greece & esp-'' those of my friend 
Wood, to whom the first effort was entirely owing as also 
the present excitement. I must one day commit to writing 
all I know ab* this ext[raordinar]y eccentric, mode[s]t 
benevolent man. The more than Man of Ross of our 
age. The Committee on the subject of contributing to 
the relief of Gov"" Clintons Heirs have made an elegant 
pathetic Report & the appeal I trust will make a power- 
ful impression on the minds of our feUow citizens. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Tennessee 

New York, 15'" April, 1828. Tuesday 

This day the ceremony of laying the foundation of 
the Ch[urch] of the Ascension, by Bp. Hobart is to take 
place at 4 p. m. Happily the weather has cleared off so 
as to permit the assemblage of clergymen & others usual 
on these occasions. Altho' it w'' gratify me much, as the 
friend of the Rev. JM"" Eastburn to be present yet I can- 
not leave my ofiSce till too late. See what a slave I am. 
M"" E. is no favourite at the Episcopal Palace, on ace* 
of his being a zealous member of the A[merican] B[ible] 
S[ociety] as I have before mentioned. A vindictive 


spirit of proscription prevails in this Diocese, ag* all 
who do not bow the knee to High Church. I am sorry 
for it. I hardly dare open my lips, thro' fear of giving 
offence, & refrain as much as possible from collision, 
wishing to descend to the grave in peace. But our High 
folks do not or will not understand the signs of the 
Times. The Evangelical corps is increasing, & will in 
a few years predominate. . . . 

Wed^ [April] W^. Fine day. No Louisiana, now 
out 27 days. I hope our dear Louise is not aboard. Last 
ev^ M' Olivier from Terre au Boeuf, took tea with us, as 
he has done twice before. He is a genteel unobtrusive 
young man. Without apology I read my book while he 
converses with the ladies & y"" brother. Last ev^ the 
party went to see the process of making artificial Figures 
with Glass, w** is very nice & curious. I staid at home, 
as usual, with Thomas studying his lessons. His father 
has taken him from Jamaica & put him with a M"" Fos- 
ter, a teacher of celebrity. Thomas will make, under 
his fathers eye, an excellent Merchant. He begins to 
write like copper plate & is quite familiar with figures. 
He is very correct, reads his Testament, Tracts &c^ & 
quiet as one c'^ wish. I hope that our lively Pintard may 
in time take after him. 

[Addressed by:] Ship John Linton 

New York, Wed^ 23'' April, 1828 

Friday 25^"^ 

When M^ Clinton, who was nominated Major General 
of the So[uthern] district of this state at the com- 
mencem* of the late water [sic for war], an appoint- 
ment frowned down at Washington & did not take place, 
He offered me any station in his family that might be 
agreeable. I told him, that of military sec^ with an 
understanding that I sh*^ attend him in the field, to w** 
he accorded with the rank of Colonel. He asked me 


how I thot I w*^ behave. I replied that I knew how I 
ought to & that having faced danger I thought I coud 
screw my courage up to the sticking place & not disgrace 
him. He laughed heartily & candidly confessed, that it 
was a lesson that he had to learn. The Clintons are 
naturally brave, & he had the fame of his father & uncle 
to instigate him, whilst I sh"^ have relied solely on my- 
self, altho' Uncle Cap' Pintard w'' always have been 
before my eyes. The chance was never afforded, & this 
anecdote w** I may have before repeated, has been re- 
served within my own bosom, except that for a few days 
I was dubbed Colonel, by some of M' C's immediate 
friends w'' shows that he had intimated his intentions. 
I am wandering, but anything better than brooding over 
sorrow. At the meeting of the Managers of the A[meri- 
can] B[ible] S[ociety] Col Troup remarked to me how 
rapidly we were descending to the grave. He is my elder 
by 2 or 3 years. I replied Colonel that march which 
has lasted 3 score years & 10 cannot be called rapid. 
He smiled at the justness of my observation but s*^ that 
our sun appeared to be setting very fast. The Colonel 
enjoys every thing but sound health, being asthmati- 
cal. . . . 

Sat^ [April] 26*''. Another N. E. cold raw rainy day. 
I have just concluded & sent to the post office my letter 
of this date via Mobile, w^ may possible reach you before 
this, to inform you of the safe arrival of my dear Turtle 
Dove,** & also my congratulation on that of another 
g[ran]ddaughter [Lucy Ann] on the 7th inst. to supply 
her place at N[ew] 0[rleans]. Dear Mother & Sister 
relieved me from much solicitude by keeping the matter 
secret, w*" had been communicated by M" Wederstrandt. 

I have to answer a business letter to M"" Bayards who 
informs me that Julia has presented her husband with 

9 Louise Davidson. The arrival of Miss L. Davidson, with Mr. B. D. 
Green and lady, in the Ship Kentucky, Capt. Rathbone, from New 
Orleans, was noted in the [N. Y.] Commercial Advertiser, April 26, 1828. 


a son, to his great joy, as likely to perpetuate the name 
of Washington, a more than natural desire. Mother & 
child doing well. Aunt Patty to return the last of May. 
Caroline is to visit Sister the beginning of week after 
next, to be here on the 12"" Anniv^ of the A[merican] 
B[ible] S[ociety]. I shall plume myself in presenting 
my graceful g''daughter to her, whose person very much 
resembles Julias, but Caroline is a squab. She is how- 
ever of accomplished mind. 

Monday [April] 28'\ ... As Thomas has left Ja- 
maica, I contemplate placing Marney at an excellent 
new Institution at Flus[h]ing, under the sup.intendance 
of the Rev. M'' Muhlenbergh, as Episcopal Clergyman, 
easy in circumstances, of high classical attainments & 
devotedly attached to education. I shall endeavour to 
get a prospectus for you. The principles of the Xt° 
Religion are to be taught, but more will be imparted 
after an interview with D' Milnor. G"^ma & Sister take 
Louise this morn^ to visit the High School. Mother is 
prejudiced ag' it. I hope with me, that after in- 
spec[tio]n she may approve. . . . 

Tuesday 29*'' April. Mother & Sister visited the 
Female High School, the latter highly pleased. A num- 
ber of genteel young ladies attend it. Miss Starr en- 
quired of Loui[se] the progress of her studies, & thot 
that she might join at once the upper class. She is to 
commence on Thur^ 1 May. Two young Misses Mc- 
Intyres our next door neighbours go there & as the school 
is within sight 2 or 300 yards distant, she will be in- 
dulged to run home at 12, to take a snack, instead of 
taking any thing to school, w^ does not come out till 3. 
No afternoon school, w** is allotted to private study. 
On Thur^ i/o p. 8 Aunt will introduce her. She in- 
formed Miss Starr, the reason, on ace* of delicate health 
& fevers, that had retarded her education. But I have 
no doubt that her genius & ambition will stimulate her 
to keep pace with her class mates. The embellishments, 
such as fine needle work & drawing had better be post- 
poned till the fall quarter in Sepf. There is a vacation 



in August, w*" is favourable. But you have the card, 
I think & the terms are very reasonable. Other Female 
Instructors ask $20 a quarter for the plain branches & 
$5 for every other, French, Music etc** & bring up their 
prices to $40 a quarter, instead of $22, w'' includes every 
thing at the H. S. Dear Turtle Dove appears pleased 
with the prospect before her. With Mother & Aunt she 
called on M""** Green yest^' a. m. who expressed herself in 
very affect, terms about Louise's behaviour & cheerful- 
ness on the passage & is so much pleased with her, that 
in case of a visit to Paterson to day, she claimed her as 
a traveling companion. But the day is obscure, after 
a fine sunshine & warmth yest"" w*" may prevent. I told 
Lx)uise that the Hotel to ^\^ they w'' probably go, had 
been a Boarding school, at which you had rec'' part of 
y'' education. Dear me, what a distance to look back. 
Dear Mother whose praise is in all the Churches, for her 
exertions in favour of the Greeks, subscribed her mite 
towards fitting out the Rev. M"" King as a Missionary 
to Greece. He has been on the same errend to Pales- 
tine. She was invited by M-"^ Tappan to meet M^ K. at 
her house, with the other Grecian Ladies, 16, yesf at 5. 
She went & returned highly gratified with the solemnity 
of the interview & M^ K's interesting account of the 
Eastern World. Also his fervent prayer to bless the 
efforts of these excellent Ladies. $1000 or $1200 is what 
they hope to raise. Mother wished to go on another 
mendicant tour, but I think she has, for her period of 
life, done her share. Indeed I doubt a little whether 
Greece is fair Missionary ground, whatever we may, 
they think that the Greek is the True Church. What 
sh^ we say, if these w^arm hearted Greek Ladies, in re- 
turn for our bounty, sh*' send over a number of Friars 
to convert us Heretics to the True Faith. "Silver & 
Gold have we none, but such as we have send we." It 
is a delicate matter to interfere with religious preju- 
dices. All reformations from the errors & corruptions 
of the Church of Rome began with the Natives. Luther, 
Calvin, Wycliffe, Cranmer &c. in their respective coun- 


tries. May God speed them however. Mother was 
warmly excited. 

[Addressed by:] Ship Louisiana 

New York, Friday 9"^ [May] 1828 

We had a great day at the Ann[iversar]y meeting 
of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] yest^ the finest we 
ever have had. Mother, Sister & Turtle Dove attended 
but the two last had to retreat on ace' of the heat. 
Mother staid it out from i/o p. 9 to M2 p. 2, 5 hours, & 
was delighted. The addresses were superior, part[icu- 
larl]y the Rev. M"" Bedells of PhiP but they will not 
be published in time to send by this convey [ance]. 

Tues-^" [May] 13'\ Thank God, the Cadets got home 
V2 P- 7 this morn^, never having rec*^ my letter till 1 
o'clock Sat^. . . . Pintard, indeed both, look extremely 
well. Cap* Rathbone & his mate both promise M"" 
Servoss to give him every practical instruction in navi- 
gation, & he promises to keep a regular nautical Journal 
of his voyage, w** I hope will please you. Do all you 
can to dissuade him from his romantic notion. I shall 
say nothing but recommend him to follow implicitly his 
parents advice. I dread the sea as a profession. A 
navy officer, in his best estate, is but a splendid beggar 
for life. . . . 

Wed^ [May] 14^^. . . . The prospect of Marneys go- 
ing to Flushing quite tranquillizes & cheers me. It is a 
place of easy access, twice a day by Steam Boats & 
Stages to & fro, a beautiful village, healthy & fine fruit. 
Altho' within 15 miles of this city I have never seen it. 
M"" S[ervoss] talks of taking him on Sat^ p. m. to return 
on Sunday, when he can best leave home. I am so office 
bound that I cannot go, but hope to do so hereafter. I 
shall write to M"" Muhlenbergh to put him immed[edi- 


ateljy into Greek & hope that at Xmas he will be able 
to read me a Chapter in the Testament, for w" I shall 
promise him a reward. He has read the 12 Books of 
Virgils Aeneid, & 4 orations of Cicero. His new pre- 
ceptor must examine his proficiency & place him where 
he is qualified to appear. 

N York, Thur-^' 15*'' May, 1828. A rainy day 

Friday 16, 4 p. m. Pintard sailed yest^ 2]/^ p. m. in 
high glee. His head is quite turned, was dear Turtle 
Doves remark. Marsden parted with great sang froid. 
He did not write a single letter home as he said that his 
brother c'^ tell all that he had to say. This aft. noon 
his uncle took him in the Linnseus Steamboat to Flush- 
ing, a beautiful sail. . . . 

Monday [May] 19'^ ... 12 o'clock. A moment to 
say that I have read the Doctors letter to M'' S[ervoss]. 
Alas my beloved dear dear daughter has been at deaths 
door. She was however convalescing. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Russell 

To Dr. Richard Davidson and Eliza Ellen Davidson 
New York, Thur^ 26"^ June, 1828 

My dear Son & Goddaughter, 

I have the supreme felicity to advise you of the safe 
arrival at Quarantine, yest^' p. m. of the Louisiana, Cap^ 
Price, as announced in the morning papers, with my be- 
loved daughter, child (children I hope) & servant. It 
appears she was the only lady on board with 7 gentle- 
men passengers so that she was not crowded as she w*^ 
have been in the John Linton. Our family go down at 


10, to welcome daughter, mother & sister escorted by 
Thomas, for M"" Servoss will not be able to leave his 
business this morning. I cannot go, being absolutely 
confined to my oflSce, And [re] w Warner our clerk, hav- 
ing been absent for a fortnight with a violent fever, so 
that the whole duties rest on me. . . . 

(10 o'clock). I can close my letter sooner than I 
expected. Your brother has called to say that your dear 
wife & babe are safe at home. No sickness on board, 
the passengers by a modification of our health law are 
allowed to come up direct. She breakfasted at i^ p. 6, 
embarked at 7, & reached 429 Broome St. just as her 
mother, sister & daughter were all preparing to set off. 
She looks quite smart & clever & has been very well 
on the passage. Speaks in the highest terms of Cap* 
Price's kindness, & of the gentlemanly, polite attentions 
attentions of M"" George Johnson whom I shall most 
cordially thank. . . . 

My beloved darling g'^child Eliza. In the absence of 
your fond mother, you have become her early represen- 
tative, and I confidently trust that you will so conduct 
the affairs of the family as to give perfect satisfaction 
to your kind excellent father, and secure the love & affec- 
tion of your sisters & brothers, for Pintard soon was 
with you, after Mothers departure, who saw the Azelia 
& Kentucky standing in for the mouth of the river, and 
altho' she exulted with the thought that her favourite 
son was in the latter, she did not repine that she had 
embarked in the Louisiana. 

I believe that Cap* Partridges Academy declines 
weekly. His aiming at too much will cause him to lose 
the substance for the shadow. Like the Dog in the Fable 
with the Bone in his mouth & its reflection in the water. 
All Esops Fables are familiar to me because I read them 
at school in Latin & Greek, a practice unwisely in my 
opinion discontinued in modern times. Marney comes 
on finely with his Greek which he does not find difficult. 


I have promised him that he shall learn Spanish after 


[Addressed:] per post Via Mobile 

To Mrs. Richard Davidson ^'^ 

N York, 8'" October, 182 [8] 

Thur^ 9*^ [October]. I went with y"" good brother, 
after office hours, to Youngs, Cabinet maker, where I 
saw your sofa carefully cased to go on board the Talma. 
The articles you sent from home were also carefully 
packed up, saving so much room & freight. On going 
up to attend the Savings Bank, my heart reproached me. 
What, could I afford to give you an article of use & 
accommodation, but somewhat of luxury, worth $100, 
and hesitate about presenting my beloved daughter a 
copy of Scotts Commentary, as her daily bread for life. 
... I called therefore at M"" Havens Theolog^ Book 
Store & directed a set to be strongly bound in Calf, to 
stand usage, daily, please God, for a long course of Life. 
It is an excellent Quarto Edition in 5 large volumes, at 
the end of the last is the Life of D"" Scott by his son, a 
most instructive biography of this eminent labourious 
servant of his Lord & Master Jesus Christ. Thus I have 
discharged my conscience of a heavy load and I devoutly 
pray that this invaluable commentary may be as fully 
sanctified to the daughter as it has been to the father, 
and thousands of others. 

Friday [October] 10. . . . This aft. noon, I have to 
attend the meeting of the Stand [in] g Com[mitte]e of 
the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] at 4, & at 5, a meeting 
of the Vestry of S* Esprit, preparatory to the Institution 
of our new Rector ^^ tomorrow & opening our Church 

1° Aa Mrs. Davidson was visiting her parents in New York from June 
26th to October, 1828, there were no letters written to her by her father 
during that interval. 

11 Antoine Frangois Verren. 


for Divine Worship on Sunday. But my zeal & affec- 
tions for the Temple reared by my pious forefathers have 
greatly abated. This now ancient Edifice, 125 years old 
is to be prostrated, and the ashes of my predecessors 
transported elsewhere. Again my attendance on Wor- 
ship will make me to desert my old companion, at a 
period of life when we ought to go up to the House of 
the Lord together. We are so few, so very few in num- 
ber, & myself the oldest & almost the only direct Hugue- 
not descendant, that I cannot easily detach myself as 
I c*^ wish to do. I am thinking if spared, & we sh" con- 
clude as we must soon do, to erect a new church, to 
afford my services, if acceptable, and then seeing my 
friends seated more comfortably, decline any further 
connection with the Vestry, having been Senior Warden 
upwards of 20 years. . . . 

Monday IS**" Oct". [It ajffords me great pleasure 
that my beloved daughter with her mother was able to 
attend the institution of my pastor the Rev. M. Varen, 
on Saturday, IV^ inst. in the French Ch. Du S* Esprit, 
founded by the piety of our poor persecuted Forefathers 
the walls of which once resounded with their solemn 
Chaunts. You had thus an oppo[rtunity] of seeing 
before its approaching prostration, this now ancient 
Temple erected in 1704, at present the oldest Church 
Edifice existing in this city. It is small, but neat & 
commodious. My feeling are always excited when I 
reflect on the memories of those of my family, who have 
gone to their rest. Yest" our new Rector delivered his 
first sermon, much to the satisfaction of his hearers. 
We had a full congregation chiefly of strangers. Alas! 
he will not again witness such numbers. My Bishop is 
not so friendly disposed towards us as were Bishops 
Provoost & Moore in their day, and I know that he 
discountenanced the attendance of young ladies. His 
former assistant, the zr-reverend Doctor How, was avow- 
edly hostile to the French School, as he courteously dis- 
tinguished my Church. So be it. If M. V[erren] who 
is a scholar, sh*^ prove a pious & zealous servant of his 


Lord & Master Jesus Christ, he will attract a reasonable 
congregation. God grant it. 

I left on your table, a plain copy of Bp. Porteous' 
Lectures on S* Mathews Gospel, w" comprehend a full 
vindication of the Divine Mission of our Redeemer. 
These Lectures were delivered in London at the period 
of Paines attack on Xi^ to overflowing congregations 
of the English gentry & nobility. The style is superior, 
& the subject will fascinate & improve you. Having a 
copy in the Bishops Works, I spare this to my dearest 
& shortly absent daughter. My resignation to your 
departure on Wed'' will I hope continue, but I hardly 
dare to contemplate it. Alas! what a poor, weak old 
man I am. 

Let me not omit to express my opinion respecting 
your kind brother M"" Servoss, for most kind has he 
uniformly been to my beloved daughter & her dear 
children on this your visit. His reserve is constitutional, 
& surely when known ought not to give offence. It is 
not my place to pry into his concerns beyond what he 
may be pleased to communicate. All that I feel con- 
fident of is, that he is doing good & safe business, is 
exceedingly circumspect & prudent & void of all osten- 
tation. He loves to live retired, & as you have seen 
keeps an excellent abundant table, with all the comforts 
& many of what you & myself w*^ call the luxuries of 
life. His temperance & moderation are most laudable 
& exemplary. All my apprehension is that accustomed 
to market, I may take too much on myself. My wish 
is to consult his & dear Sisters taste, & to avoid extrava- 
gance. For myself I feel quite easy & comfortable 
under his roof & regret most poignantly that poor dear 
Mothers pride of Independence does not permit her to 
do the same 

It is impossible for me to review this long Homily, 
w*" may serve to amuse you on your passage. I trust 
that when v/eaned from Marney, you will be reconciled 


to the propriety of leaving him behind to perfect his 
studies. . . . 

[Addressed:] M" Eliza N. Davidson 

On board Ship Talma 
For New Orleans 

New York, Thur^ 16*^ Oct., 1928 

I returned to my office after taking leave of my 
beloved daughter & dear Turtle Dove, about 2 o'clock. 
The Talma cast off at 3 p. m. with a fresh & fair wind. 
. . . The Rev. M"" Bayard dined with us & occupies your 
deserted chamber during his stay till next week. He 
visited his clerical brethren in the ev^ & y"" brother & 
the boys attended a meeting at Masonic Hall in favour 
of the African Prince,^- whom M'" S[ervoss] knew at 
Natches, & for whom a subscription of $3500 is recom- 
mended in this city to liberate his wife & children. . . . 

Sat^ [October] 18. ... I have made time to write 
to M"" Muhlenbergh by Marney, requesting him to let 
him pursue his present course of studies until I hear 
from you. Marney behaves manfully. I believe he left 
all his homesickness on b*^ the Talma. As a Balloon is 
to ascend, weather permitting, from Castle Garden on 
Monday p. m., his uncle indulges him with permission 
to witness it. Babcock remains likewise. This morn^ 
I filled his portmanteau trunk with Hickory & Chest- 
nuts & shall give him a Dollar, to last till Xmas. 

Mond'' [October] 20**". Our prayers in Church were 
off[ere]d yesf for y"" preservation on the g* deep. 
Mother attended at S* Thomas, Marney with myself at 
S' Esprit where we had a very good congregation & 
M. Varenne was more animated than the preceding 
Sunday. He pleases his hearers, is very graceful & 

12 Abduhl Rahhahman. See [N. Y.] Commercial Advertiser, Oct. 
15, 1828. 


modest, his sermon is s'^ [to] be rhetorical & exuberant, 
the fault of young ministers w" time will correct. There 
was yest^ every appearance of snow, and the haze is so 
thick this day, that the Balloon will probably not 
ascend. Marney therefore & his friend Babcock return 
to Flushing 4 p. m. . . . The Rev. M'' Bayard went, at 
the request of one of his former parishioners, to preach 
at Newark yest^'. Pity that he ever left that place. . . . 
Tuesday [October] 21. The Balloon is postp[one]d 
till Wed^. Marney & Babcock got into the stage at our 
door 1/2 P- 3 & arrived no doubt by 7 o'clock. . . . Your 
brother & sister have been amusing themselves with 
chosing a name for the next child, sh** it prove a boy. 
He proposed Jacob after his father, w" Sister did not 
like. To soften it I told him that he c*^ call it Israel, 
to w" name Jacob was changed on his return home. He 
laughed & s'^ that w*^ never do. So he prepared 3 names, 
Jacob, Richard & Lewis. He drew Richard, Sister like- 
wise. Mother Lewis. I felt scrupulous & did not draw. 
Indeed I do not like to interfere, as he has complimented 
our family with two names. Sister wishes a boy to be 
called after your good man, who presented her with so 
good a husband. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Russell 

New York, 23'* Oct., 1828 

By the Russell w*" sailed yest-" crowded with passen- 
gers, I wrote my first letter to my beloved daughter. 
. . . Yest'' p. m., a most elegant day, the Baloon 
ascended from Castle Garden & sailed over the city, very 
slow, a spectacle for all its inhabitants. It alighted in 
the East river. The aeronauts M"" Robertson & a Lady 
were taken up by boats in safety. We saw it very dis- 
tinctly from our back windows, children & all. . . . 

This morn^ died M"- Peter P. Goelet. He was a fam- 
ily relation on my mother's side. The rupture of a blood 


vessel a week ago caused his death. M"" G. has left a 
considerable estate acquired & accumulated by specula- 
tions in stock, to which he was devoted soul & body. 
Rigidly parsimonious, I do not believe that he ever gave 
a Dollar in all his life to charitable or benevolent pur- 
poses, against w*" he not only set his face but turned 
to ridicule & scorn every person, like myself, disposed 
to contribute to the necessities of his fellow creatures, or 
to promote the great objects of Xt" benevolence. He 
was moreover a confirmed infidel & laughed religion 
to scorn. But he has gone to his dread account. God 
have mercy on him. 

12 o'clock. I have learned the following particulars 
of the last moments of M"" Goelet from his most inti- 
mate friend M"" Mason, my Director. He was a great 
walker, at least 8 miles a day, in all weathers. A few 
months past he sprained his ancle, & was advised to 
take horse exercise, but was too timid, & got along as 
well as he c*^. Want of usual exercise caused, no doubt 
a plethora, & a week ago he burst a blood vessel. D"" 
Hosack his physician apprehended no danger. This 
morn^ he was taken with sneezing not in a violent de- 
gree. It is presumed that he must have burst another 
principal vessel. He died in an instant. I mention 
these facts, as they may be useful to the Doctor. 

Friday [October] 24*'^ I saw D^ Hosack last ev^. He 
said that the body had been opened, that nothing 
bursten appeared. That the lungs were still inflated, 
that the air, probably, c'' not escape & that M'' Goelet 
died sitting up in his bed, in an instant, without pain 
or struggle. No sneezing as reported had occurred. He 
is to be buried tomorrow p. m. Yesterday between 2 & 
3 I went with y*" brother, at my request, to Masonic 
Hall to view the exhibition of domestic manufactures. 
I confess my astonished [sic] at the progress & perfec- 
tion of the Arts in our countr}% when I recall the humble 
attempts that were made at the outset of my life & my 
enthusiasm to promote home manufactures, the very 
coarse attempts that were unsuccessfully made and the 


extent & excellence of some of the most essential 
branches in cotton & woolens, together with the taste & 
elegance of many articles of Luxury. I can scarcely 
credit my senses or believe that so much has been ef- 
fected within the short period of ray memory. . . . 

Monday [October] 27'^ Yest^ was a May day. It 
afflicts dear Mother that my attendance at S* Esprit 
leaves her to go alone to S* Thomas. . . . Next Sunday 
being Sacrament Sunday, I hope to accompany dear 
Mother, & shall, if spared, attend her every administra- 
tion unless when the same takes place in S* Esprit, where 
the number of communicants did not exceed 15 or 18, 
in the days of M"" Peneveyre. I am happy to say that 
M. Varen is becoming popular & attracts a g* number 
of strangers. Many pews are hired & hiring & I hope 
we shall have a reasonable congreg[ation]. 

Wed^ [October] 29. My office ^^ has met with an- 
other heavy loss last ev[enin]g, 2 Houses & Furniture 
$3000, w^ quite dispirits me. ... I have just learned 
that the Rev. D"" Barnes. Classical principal of our High 
School, was killed, coming from Lebanon Springs, by the 
oversetting of the Stage. The fall crushed his fore- 
head, & his brains literally run out. In the midst of 
life we are in death. He leaves a widow & four young 
children to bewail his loss. His station was lucrative, 
being a partner with M"" Griscom in the establishment. 
This accident is appalling, for I knew him well. Your 
brother has been sending to the Aliens of y'" city, sun- 
dry articles, who have set up a Grocery Store to contain 
the useful & the delicacies of this life. Sh*^ you have 
occasion for any of them, you may rely on the quality, 
being of his selection, & really he exercises great judg- 
ment in his purchases, both as to qualities & price. I 
gave 1/9 for y"" butter. He bought as excellent he says 
for 1/5, but then it was on a larger scale. . . . M" 

^2 The Mutual Insurance Company. 


Shrieves Sisters nurse came last ev^, Mother says for 
a fortnight before she is wanted. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Illinois 

New York, Monday S^ Nov., 1828 

The Illinois is detained by adverse winds & N. E. 
but very warm rain w'' was much wanted to supply our 
Cistern that had been exhausted ever since y"" de- 
parture. . . . 

Tuesday [November] 4'" . . . M' S[ervoss] saw M"" 
Leonard, the active partner & superintend' at Matta- 
wan, who has agreed to take Thomas next May, in the 
meantime the latter is to resume Mathematics & take 
lessons in drawing. Tom is highly tickled as he feels 
now that his lot is cast to his mind. . . . 

Thur-'' [November] 6*''. . . . The most contested elec- 
tion that has ever occurred in this city, & the greatest 
number of votes taken, closed yest'' at 5 p. m. & the 
Jackson Ticket is predominant, as it will be throughout 
the State, tho probably some of the Electors for presi- 
dent will be Adamites. I took no part whatever, as my 
days for being jostled at the polls are gone by. Had 
Gov"" Clinton existed I sh*^ certainly have voted for the 
Jackson ticket in hopes of its being a stepping stone to 
his presidency. As it is I confess myself indifferent for 
let who will preside, affairs will jog on according to 
circumstances. I confess that I entertain no unrea- 
sonable fears about Old Hickory, the popular name of 
the day. A most magnificent Hickory Tree was erected 
before Tammany Hall. Your brother voted, the first 
time in this city, for the Adams Ticket. If the fate of 
the presidency depends on the State of N York Jackson 
will undoubtedly be President. My own private situa- 
tion however is most interesting to me. My term of 
service in the Mutual Insur[anc]e C" will expire on the 


15*^, when I shall retire after 19 years & 7 months con- 
tinuance as Sec'', a large portion of human active life, 
to have been spent for little more than a bare existence. 
I confess that my heart droops, but I must place my 
reliance on that kind Providence which hitherto has 
supported me, & hope that I may be able to obtain some 
other station that may give me occupation & bread, for 
I cannot well get along without something to do. Pos- 
sibly the Savings Bank may open a door, but I do not 
at present feel sanguine. I feel depressed moreover in 
spirits as the Ofi5ce will not be able to make a Dividend, 
w^ will not only affect its credit but a great many per- 
sons who look up for Dividends for their comfort some 
almost for existence, a dreadful consideration. 

Friday [November] 7*''. What with my office & the 
Minutes of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] I can with 
difficulty find a spare moment to say that Sister re- 
mains in statu quo. I saw M' Babcock at the Mana- 
gers Meeting yest'' p. m., who with his wife sail in the 
[blank in MS.] on the lo'" & will take with him the re- 
sult of our late Election. 

(21/2 o'clock) Tomorrow at 12, D'' Hosack is to de- 
liver, in the Middle Dutch Church, "a Discourse com- 
memorative of the character & public services of DeWitt 
Clinton." All the City are invited & if my duties will 
permit I will join the procession at the City Hall & sh*^ 
a seat be appropriated on the stage will attend the 
delivery, otherwise return to my office where my busi- 
ness is urgent. The Doctor says that it will be the best 
that he has ever delivered. He has a noble subject & 
I have no doubt that he will do it justice. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Frances 


New York, Monday Nov. 10, 1828 
a beautiful day 

. . . Aunt Helen [Craig] has got comfortably into 
their former residence & settled. I walked out to see her 
yest^ p. m., an easy half hours walk, w*" I shall fre- 
quently take for wholesome exercise. She looks very 
thin & pallid, but the dry wholesome air of Boweiy hill 
will restore her. 

Wed^ [November] 12*^ The Minutes of the A[meri- 
can] B[ible] S[ociety] occupied my whole spare time 
Saf" Mond^ & yest^. ... I have secured a temporary 
accommod" in M"" Eastburns room, upstairs, where for 
$25, till spring, I can transact any little matters, better 
than at home, being more accessible to any who may 
call. After so long an association I confess tho' glad 
to be released from a diurnal routine w^ has almost 
stultified me, I feel a sober gloom, not melancholly, on 
pa [r] ting, arising probably that the pittance $1000 a 
year to w*" I have been reduced, tho' humble is essential 
to my comfort. Whether any thing is to be expected 
from the Savings Bank, of w*" I am not sanguine, re- 
mains to be determined. . . . 

Doctor Hosacks Discourse on Sat^ went off with 
eclat. It was well written & took up 2i/4 hours. Altho 
he left out i// it was by far too long for an audience. 
It had rained till near 11, w*" prevented the attend [anc]e 
of Ladies, as usual on such occasions. There was an 
assemblage of the most respectable characters of our 
city, who were desirous of paying respect to the mem- 
ory of so eminent a statesman & citizen as M"" Clinton. 
I was favoured with a seat on the stage contiguous to 
the Orator, & heard every word that he said. Doctor H. 
means to publish the Discourse with copyright. It will 
read & I dare say sell well. When printed I will send 
you a copy. No one knows the worth of M"" C. better 
than myself, & no one esteems his Memory higher. 

Thu^ [November] 13*\ At the Savings Bank yest'' 
it was judged proper to await the report of a Com^ on 


adding a 4*'' day for keeping open the Bank, w'' is to be 
made in Decern'' before moving the consideration of 
any better mode for conducting its business. The idea 
of increasing the expenses of the Bank will be the diffi- 
culty to be encountered, altho' from the facilities given 
to Depositors the business must greatly increase by 
keeping the Bank open daily, and of course the profits 
far beyond what may be required to remunerate a re- 
sponsible officer. However agreeable, indeed accommo- 
dating to me, such an office w*^ be still I feel so attached 
to an institution, the success of w** I have so long en- 
deavoured to promote, that I w*^ be the last Trustee to 
sacrifice to personal views, its true interest. I do not 
feel therefore any hope of employment, other than as 
heretofore gratuitous, & shall not be disappointed. . . . 

Sat^ [November] 15*". This day concludes my serv- 
ices in the Mut[ual] Ins[urance] Co[mpany] at 1 
o'clock. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Tennessee 

N York, 52 Wall S* 

Monday 17 Nov., 1828 

. . . The Directors of the Mutual Ins. C° met on 
Saturday, but declared no Dividend, nor was a successor 
appointed w'' lies for the consideration of a Committee. 
By request I still hold over, w*" is better than an ap- 
pointment over Andrews head. The affair of last winter, 
that almost killed me, operates I fear against him, but 
for myself I consider him innocent. Altho' it will no[t] 
do for me to incur responsibility by urging his claim, I 
shall lament if he sh*^ not be appointed. 

Wed'' [November] 19"' . . . Mother received a note 
yest^ to meet the Greek Ladies to consult on measures 
to continue the Rev. M"" King as their Missionary. This 
she will decline as she cannot resume the charge of so- 


liciting subscriptions. Her former success no doubt 
leads to a reliance on similar services, but she is too 
old, esp^ encumbered with winter dress to do up & down 
the flights of stone steps, to call on the Ladies of her 
acquaintance. . . . 

Thur^ [November] 20"'. Mild rain. No John Lin- 
ton. Your brother quite enlivened our Fireside circle 
last ev^ by reading under the N[ew] 0[rleans] head 
of the 25*'' Oct. [thjat the Talma had arrived at the 
Balize from N Y. in 9 days, the quickest passage, if 
true, that has I believe ever been known between the 
two ports. In this event, we may certainly expect let- 
ters by the J, L. as I presume you may have got home 
by the 27*''. Your brother frequently observed that you 
might reach the Balize in 10 days, from his calculation 
that the Talma had northerly winds to the Bahama bank 
& then Easterly to the Mississippi. . . . Were my years 
younger, I w*^ endeavour to establish or engraft on the 
higher Female schools, a department to qualify Females 
as school mistresses, affording them every possible ad- 
vantage to attain knowledge, & the elegant accomplish- 
ments of needle work, drawing, dancing & the French 
Language. To turn out a dozen even, of superior pre- 
ceptresses annually w" be eminently beneficial. Too 
many mistresses, superficially educated, have to learn 
themselves while they are instructing those committed 
to their care, and in N[ew] 0[rleans] especially you 
have to catch at such talents as are offered, & are every 
year obliged to seek for new Teachers, consequently lose 
all benefit of systematic education, w" distracts & in- 
jures children. The John Linton has arrived, so that I 
may have my longing gratified by a letter. (12 o'clock). 
Your welcome letter has arrived. What a most pro- 
pitious passage. ... (2 p. m.) I have just called on 
Cap* Holmes who says he never knew so quick a passage 
as the TaJmas. It quite rejoices him. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship DeWitt Clinton 


N York, Sat-^ 22" Nov., 1828. 2 p. m. Rain 

Monday, 24*'l 10 a. m. Your brother has just 
stepped in with y'' letter of 8^*" inst. by the Kentucky, 
rec*^ in 16 days. Altho' addressed to dear Mother I 
opened it, anxious to hear from you. I regret that you 
are so afflicted with that tormenting pain the tooth 
ache, & hope that you have recovered without the 
necessity of extraction. I am glad that Darlings teeth 
are not, for one so young, more decayed. Let her fol- 
low her g''mothers example, who never retires to rest 
without cleansing her teeth with as much care as in the 
morn*-'. Make this an invariable rule & it will tend to 
the preservation of this useful & ornamental part of the 
human system. . . . 

Tuesday, 25**' Nov. Ann[iversar]y of the Evacuation, 
1783. A beautiful day. Well do I recollect an event so 
auspicious to the long exiled families of this city, who 
after the privations of 7 long years returned home to 
their habitations w^ they left in the enjoyment of ease 
& comfort to almost poverty, many of them to weep 
over the ruins of their dwellings & all to lament the loss 
of many & dear friends & relatives. The Rev. D' Liv- 
ingston preached a sermon a few Sundays following the 
event, in the old Dutch Church in Garden Street, for 
the Middle & North Churches had been converted into 
a riding school & prison for our countrymen. When he 
recapitulated the names of the heads of families v/ho 
had died in exile, the sighs, the sobs & groans of the 
congregation pierced me to the soul. Among other was 
Col. Abram Brasher, y"" maternal g'^father, as upright 
conscientious a man & virtuous a patriot as our city c*^ 
boast. Your poor g'^mother & mother were overwhelmed. 
But America achieved her glorious revolution, the fruit 
of what was pledged to Congress of our blood & treasure. 
I lost a very fair fortune $25,000 by the utter deprecia- 
tion of Continental money. The Whigs of this city lost 
more than any other city in the V States, the principal 


Whig merchants giving their gold & silver to support 
our army in Canada, for paper Dollars then thought 
sure. Among others my good uncle lost severely. All 
I got from my being heir to a fortune was the best edu- 
cation the country afforded, the benefit of which has not 
been entirely lost. 

Thur^ [November] 27. Easterly rain. Yest'' was a 
May morn. It clouded over at noon, w'' prevented my 
attending the Funeral of an old friend & relative M"" 
John Moore who died aged 84 years. He was the oldest 
& only surviving brother of Bishop Moore of Virginia. 
His family was derived from one of the most respectable 
of the English who came to this city after its conquest 
from the Dutch, But like most of the old families had 
fallen into decay. They were loyalists during our rev[o- 
lutionarjy war. Gen. [Jedidiah] Huntington of Con- 
necticut married his Sister Nancy, who yet lives. She 
was very pretty. There was a strict intimacy between 
them & my dear good Uncle who was the kind friend of 
all his relations. M" Moore ^* the mother was one of 
the most respectable ladies in person & deportment of 
the old School & to the close of life, she died past 80, 
was erect & peculiarly neat tho' plain in her attire. I 
see her before me. Nothing can exceed y' dear mother 
in neatness of person or carriage, nor in that perfect 
order & propriety which characterized her mother also. 
The habits of the old Dutch School were signally clean 
& neat. Be so good as always to mention y"" mother 
by name when you send your love. She is too sensitive 
at any omission. I must not forget to mention that y' 
cousin Davis Craig Esq'' is admitted attorney in our 
courts. Mama called yest'' after Church to see dear 
Julia [Weeks] who requested when her Aunt sh"^ call to 
let her come to her bedside. She shook hands, but did 
not speak. She is very low & cannot last long. Strange 

1* Mrs. Thomas Moore (Elizabeth Channing). J. P. K. Henshaw, 
Memoir of the Life of the Rt. Rev. Richard Charming Moore (1842), 
pp. 14-15; J. W. Moore, Rev. John Moore and Some of His Descendants 
(1903), Appendix, p. 476. 


to say, that no mention of or preparation for death is 
allowed. Painful. . . . 

Sat^ 29"' Nov. An elegant May day ... We have 
little news. Foreign or domestic. The Russians are on 
the retreat, after an expensive & shameful campaign. 
If not too greatly elated the Turks may admit of nego- 
tiations for a reas[on]able peace during the winter, but 
eventually the Scriptures must be fulfilled. They will 
be expelled beyond the Euphrates & the Jews be once 
more restored to their ancient Kingdom. Your children 
may see these great events. Adams doomsday is fixed. 
He will go out on the 3*^ March, without regret. He has 
no personal friends. His manners are cold & repulsive, & 
like his father very self opiniated. Jackson will come in 
without very strong sympathies in his favour, except 
from his partisans & expectants of office. I am ready to 
suppose that as far as possible, he will pursue the system 
that he indicated to President Monroe, to select talents 
wherever found without distinction of party. After all 
the head must reward those who elevated him. . . . 

By Kentucky 

New York, Monday, S'"" Dec', 1828 
beautiful day 

Having just closed & sent off my letter of this date 
by the John Linton announcing dear Sisters safe deliv- 
ery at i/o p. 4 this morn^ of another son, Richard David- 
son, I had but an inst. to mention the happy event. . . . 
Coming down to the office, I stopped at the Depository 
& left $30, to constitute the dear boy a member for life 
of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety]. . . . 

Wed^' [December] 10. April day. Sister is remark- 
ably well. No fever. The babe also, dark blue eyes & 
fine head. A noble boy. We have heard of the sudden 


death of a former neighbour, M""^ Smyth Roger/^ prob- 
ably in child bed, a miscarriage. They had removed to 
Hartford last Spring, on ace* of her husband D"" Rogers' 
health, where he was app[ointe]d professor of Chemis- 
try in Washington College.^*' Comfortably & elegantly 
situated, with all to render life happy. A pious active 
lady, mother of several children, whom she was bringing 
up admirably. Of high parentage & beloved & respected 
by all her family & acquaintance. . . . 

To your aff[ec]t[ionate] friend M'^ Chew remember 
me sincerely. Dear Lady. She will never recover the 
shock of her late loss of her promising son Beverly. 
Superadded to that of her eldest daughter, the affliction 
is aggravated. , . . 

Friday [December] 12*''. . . . M*" S[ervoss]'s busi- 
ness opens very favourably, & he has the prospect of 
considerable assignments from his friends Franklin & 
White, who are pleased with his last seasons sales. Cer- 
tainly M"" S. is a most safe judicious agent & understands 
the cotton market esp'' as well as the most experienced 
merchant in this city. He is very snug in his mode of 
transacting business & if spared, will make an ample 
fortune for his family. Very prudent & retired, he will 
not expend it in extravagant living. 

Monday W^ Dec". I have to close this letter by 
announcing the death of y' Cousin Julia Hall Weeks. 
She died yesf Sunday morn^ at 6 o'clock in her 27*'' 
year. . . . She was wasted to a mere shadow. . . . 

15 Mra. John Smyth Rogers (Augusta Temple Winthrop). Commer- 
cial Advertiser, Dec. 10, 1828; J. S. Rogers, James Rogers and His De- 
scendants (1902), p. 242. 

i« Now Trinity College. 


New cYork,] Tues^ 16"^ Dec, 1828 

Wed^ 17*^ Last aftnoon I attended with your 
brother, the funeral of y"" cousin. ^^ I took a last look 
at her dear wasted remains, a very shadow, but retaining 
her once beautiful features. Invited at 3, the procession 
did not move till i/4 before 5, w'' threw us into ev^' & I 
have in consequence taken a sore throat. M"" Mitchell 
of the Universalist Church gave an exhortation & prayer, 
to the family, with w*" your Mother was pleased, but she 
can describe the particulars. No scarves were given, not 
to the Ministers w*" was wrong, but Robert sprung from 
Quakers does not even wear a badge of mourning, while 
inconsistently he had left their meeting & is an officer 
in the militia w*" of course is incompatible with Quaker- 
ism. . . . 

(1 p. m.) I have just heard of the sudden death of 
my fellow citizen, I wish I c*^ add, respected, John G. 
Bogert, who on returning home last ev*^ from Masonic 
Hall, slipped & fell going down stairs & was killed by 
the fall. He was of one of our most respectable Dutch 
families, a Lawyer, but given to intemperance, to w^ no 
doubt he fell a victim. He was one of poor Uncle 
Lewis's boon companions. . . . Intemperance, among 
the higher classes of our city, is no longer the order of 
the day. Among the hospitable circles, which recipro- 
cate good & cheerful entertainments, a man w'' be 
marked who sh*^ retire intoxicated, indeed, except among 
the young & jovial, convivial parties are all decent & 
sober. A great change from my early days, & to w'' we 
are indebted to the French, who never expell Ladies 
from the dinner table & retire after Coffee, as no doubt 
is the case in y"" city. Festive parties may be an ex- 
ception, but this is not habitual drinking. But the 
beastly vice of drunkenness, among the lower labouring 
classes is growing to a frightful excess, owing to the 
cheapness of ardent spirits, & the multitudes of low 
Irish Catholics, who restricted by poverty in their own 

17 Mrs. Robert D. Weeks (Julia H. Brasher). 


country from free indulgence, run riot in this. The 
growth of intemperance is so alarming that the good 
& wise are devising means to check it. We have 3500 
licenced dram shops in this city 2 or 3 at every corner, 
but if we stop one half, the result will be that the con- 
sumers will all go to the other corner. How to stop the 
fountain is the question. Nothing but a heavy Excise 
duty, & the introduction of malt liquors as a wholesome 
beverage. Against this system w*" w'^ bring millions into 
the national Treasury, all the Country exclaim, as tho' 
you were going to raise the price of bread. I have, as 
member, & not an inactive one, of the Society for the 
prevention of pauperism in this city, paid great atten- 
tion to a subject w*" I confess baffled all our skill. The 
evil is obvious, acknowledged by all, but a sovereign 
remedy appears to be impossible. The slow process of 
education & religious instruction will save thousands 
from destruction, but as long as we are overwhelmed 
with Irish emigrants, so long will the evil abound, & if 
one scabby sheep infects a whole flock what must be our 
condition where the whole flock is scabby. Thefts, in- 
cendiaries & murders w'' prevail, all rise from this source. 
You see how easy it is for me to scribble when I have 
a text. 

Monday [December] 22*^. A winter fine day. I at- 
tended the Communion yest'' in S' Esprit. Our new 
Minister performed the service with great solemnity & 
without the least mistake, the first time. He is a great 
acquisition to our little congregation & gives great satis- 
faction. He is very modest & sl handsome man. From 
whatever circumstance I cannot say, but he attracts a 
full church. Yesf I tho't fuller than ever before, but 
perhaps this opinion is owing to my carrying the plate, 
w*" afforded me a better oppo[rtunity] for noticing our 
numbers. God grant him success, & that of such as come 
to learn the French language some may learn their Xt° 
duties. . . . 


Wed^ [December] 24*''. Elegant day, a most uncom- 
mon Season. ... A concert was given last ev"-' at S' 
Pauls for the Deaf & Dumb. Y' brother was there & 
delighted. The Musick very superior, about $1000 made. 
Mother & Sister are preparing for S' Claas' arrival to- 
night. Pintards eyes sparkled, at breakfast, when I told 
him that their Gude Heylig Man was expected. He is 
to provide some Hay to feed the Plorses. ... In former 
days when the children brought their stockings to be 
suspended over their Mothers fireplace, they also each 
brought a little parcel of Hay, for the Horses & repeated 
a Dutch Hymn in praise of S* Claas. I think I sent you 
a picture ^^ of this benevolent Saint which I had cut at 
my own expense, containing the Hymn at the bottom 
of the picture. It was difiicult to obtain the words at 
the time it was executed, some 15 years ago, & w"* be 
almost impossible now. Judge Benson procured them 
from M'^ Hardenbrook,^^ an ancient lady 87 years of 
age. Several, g'^ma Brasher & others knew some lines, 
but none except M"^ H. remember [ed] the whole, 

Friday, [December] 26*^. All due preparations 
hacvilng been made by the children, the preceding ev^ 
by placing hay for his horses, & invoking S* Claas, Gude 
Heylig Man, He came accordingly, during the night, 
with most elegant Toys, Bon bons. Oranges, &&, all 
which after filling the stockings suspended at the sides 
of Mothers Chimney, were displayed in goodly order on 
the mantle to the extatic joy of Pintard & Boudy in the 
morning, whose exultations resounded thro' the house. 

i^A broadside picturing Saint Nicholas, with Dutch and English 
words of the hymn about the "Good Holy Man," was engraved by 
Dr. Alexander Anderson and distributed to each member of The New- 
York Historical Society at its festival of Saint Nicholas, December 6, 
1810. Another copy, with an account of the 1810 festival and portraits 
of Pintard and Anderson (both engraved on wood by the latter) was dis- 
tributed by the Society in December. 1864. In the 1864 leaflet is a 
statement by George H. Moore, then librarian of the Society, that "the 
engravings for the [1810] print referred to were executed by Dr. Alex- 
ander Anderson, of this city, at the request of Mr. Pintard." 

Improbably Mrs. John Hardcnbrook (Ann Bas) who died March 6, 
1817, aged 94 years. A'. Y. Evening Post, March 8. 1817; Commercml 
Adverther, March 8, 1817; N. Y. Dutch Church Records in Collections 
of the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society, I, p. 181; II, 434. 


. . . The Toys are arranged on the back of the side- 
board & make quite a display. The most acceptable 
gift was a Drum, w*" Pintard promises to beat only in 
the nursery, not to disturb poor g'^ma. . . . 

This morn^ at 8, M'^ Shrieves was suddenly called to 
attend M" Curtis^" daughter of M" Beers, a family 
friend. Happily Sister is quite bravely, & with Sally 
can get along very well. . . . 

Monday [December] 29*'" ... A grand Military 
Ball is getting up for 8'*" Jan^ to be held in the Bowery 
Theatre, more splendid than on any former occasion. 
Gen. Jackson is at the height of his popularity. As soon 
as his Cabinet shall be formed & the most lucrative 
appointments made, he will decline like a young Bride 
whose bevy of suitors & beaus all desert her as soon as 
she has decided her choice. The honour of the presi- 
dency is great very great, but dearly bought, when the 
cheif comes in as a decided party man. But Gen. Jack- 
son is not made like the Osier of pliant stuff, but of 
tough Hickory & I am mistaken if he does not play a 
high & honorable part. . . . 

Tuesday [December] SO*'" . 

Next Sunday there is a Sermon to be preached & a 
collection made in S* Thomas' for the benefit of our 
Theological Scholarship, when Richard Davidson Ser- 
voss is to be made a member for life, which will make 
8 members, from N° 429 Broome S'. W*^ every com- 
petent family of our Church perform half as much, the 
endowment, $2500, of w*" about half is collected, w** be 
soon filled. Episcopalians, from whatever cause, lack 
that zeal w" so eminently characterizes our other Chris- 
tian denominations. . . . 

Last ev^ Thomas spoke at the exhibition of his school 
much to the satisfaction & approbation [of all] who 
attended him. My deafness prevented my paying 

20 Mrs. Lewis Curtis (Mary Elizabeth Beers), daughter of Joseph D. 
Beers. (Marriage notice in A^. Y. Evening Post, Feb. 5, 1824.) 


Thomas the compliment. He brought home 2 beautiful 
Volumes, as premiums for good scholarship & good be- 
haviour, w*" gratifies us all. Next Monday he begins 
drawing. . . . 


To Mrs. Richard Davidson {Eliza Noel Pintard) 
of New Orleans 

New York, Friday, 2^ Jan^ 1829 

2 p. m. Have just adjusted with M' Oothout Treas"" 
of the Savings Bank our payment of 1200,000, loaned 
the Corporation of this City, which keeps our Capital 
all at Interest, now amounting to $1,920,000, w" by the 
P* July next will probably exceed 2 millions. . . , This 
result corresponds with almost every calculation that 
has ever been made of American experiments. The Rev- 
olution, New Constitution, Canals, Steam boats, popu- 
lation, &C'' Ac", all vv'' in reality have exceeded our most 
sanguine hopes. . . . 

Monday [January] 5*". ... It is extremely cold. It 
snowed all day yest^ & the collection in S* Thomas was 
put off till next Sunday weather permitting. I know 
not when we have had such a spell of old time winter 
as since the New Year. . . . 

Tuesday [January] 6*". Weather moderated, wind 
southerly we may expect arrivals from Europe, 60 days 
since the last news. . . . 

Wed^ [January] 7*". Our late severe weather has 
moderated to the great relief of the poor & indigent in 
the article of Fuel. It was so cold as to render our 
dining room, not the small one, uncomfortable, & 
Mother was obliged to put up a chimney board in her 
room, w*" she has always resisted for fear of confined 
air. Sister, by means of one, kept her room very com- 
fortable. . . . 



Wed^ [sic for Thursday] 8*". The glorious 8'"^ Jan^ 
as it [is] headed on the posting Bills of public shows. 
It is here a N E. but not as yet violent, rain that may 
soil the dresses of the Belles at the Bowery Theatre 
Ball this ev^. . . . The report yest^' of the death of M^^ 
Jackson is confirmed this day. A good but unpolished 
Lady, who I hope has gone to heaven, for she is said 
to have been pious. The General will be spared any 
unpleasant remarks on her appearance in the drawing 
room of the President. She lived to enjoy the pleasure 
of his election, but not that of his inauguration. . . . 

Tuesday [January] 13'" . . . M' S[ervoss] is receiv- 
ing very handsome consignments. I wish that the price 
of cotton in this market may meet the interest of his 
friends. We have had no arrivals from Liverpool in now 
65 days. Several packets are due. The Cotton market 
of course is stagnant for want of advice. I sincerely 
hope that y"" brother will effect [good] sales, w" alone 
can please his consigners. He is a most indefatigable 
expert merchant, & peculiarly acquainted with the cot- 
ton business. He is rising in reputation in this city, for 
his inteligence & knowledge of business. 

Wed'' [January] 14*'\ A rainy day, w^ may clear 
off at N West, I shall therefore close my letter & send 
it to the Illinois Bag. Your friend M" Palmer ^ accom- 
panies her husband who is obliged to go to N[ew] 0[r- 
leans] on ace' of the sickness of his partner, his brother 
M"" Amos Palmer & wife also go, so that she will have 
a companion. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Illinois 

p"" [Ship] Tennessee. 

New York. Thur^ 15'" Jan^ 1828 [sic for 1829] 

. . . The first benevolent project of the New Year in 
this city, is to form a Savings Bank for the benefit of 

^ Mrs. William R. Palmer (Nancy Bell Babcock). 


Seamen exclusively, to be located near the river, so as 
to induce Sailors immed^ on the receipt of their wages 
to deposit a share of their hard earnings. Our Bank - is 
too distant, & after the experience of nearly 10 years, 
only short of 300 Mariners have availed themselves of 
its benefit. Our Bank, passed at its meeting yest-^ P. M. 
a resolution approbating the project, least it might be 
objected that it was to be a rival institution. So far 
from jealousy, I wish there was a Savings Bank in every 
Ward, so advantageous do they prove to the humbler 
classes of the community. . . . 

Monday [January] 26"'. ... I shall send herewith 
the Memoirs of the Rev. Leigh [sic] Richmond, Author 
of the Dairymans daughter, a work with which I am 
enraptured. M"" M[uhlenberg] promises to read it with 
Marney, by w" he will learn the character of a truly 
pious evangelical useful clergyman. . . . 

Friday [January] 30"' . . . Among our city improve- 
ments is the purchase of a very fine site in Beekman 
Street for the erection of Clinton Hall for the accommod'' 
of the Atheneum & the Mercantile Association w" I 
presume will be commenced in May next. I hope that 
the Edifice will be an ornament to our city. The Age of 
Reason has revived with us & the Park Theatre is the 
Temple, M" Wright, '' the Goddess who gives Lectures 
on Infidelity & that marriage is only a bond as long as 
it proves convenient to either party & may be dissolved 
at pleasure. The novelty of a female Lecture attracts 
numerous audiences, but no persons of respectability & 
happily few or no females none of note. Let her blow 
out I say. Opposition will only increase her dissolute 

(111/^ o'clock) A most stupendous Ox, the largest it 
is said that has ever been seen in this city, has just 

2 The Bank for Savings, on Chambers Street. 

3 Frances Wright (1795-1852). Dictionary of American Biography, 


passed thro' Wall S' in procession with a company of 
Butchers on white horses. He is called the president, & 
is to be exhibited on the shambles in our Centre Market 
next week, when we must have a sirloin of this premium 
Beef, as a bounty to the raising fat cattle. . . . 

1 o'clock. I have just heard of the death of the Rev. 
Cave Jones, Chaplain of the Navy Yard at Brooklyn. 
He was a very pious Divine & ardent friend of the 
A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety], memorable for his con- 
troversy with Bp. Hobart, indeed persecution, for he 
was hardly dealt with. He has left a widow & two 
amiable daughters, with just enough to secure them from 
want. A fortnight ago he had expressed a desire to see 
me for we were on friendly terms, & it was my intention 
when the days grew longer to have visited him. But 
he has gone to his reward, & I am reminded, "to put 
not off from day to day." Tho' exhausted by long illness 
he retained his mind till his last breath. The Rev. M"* 
M'^Ilvaine was with him when he expired. I feel a pang 
at losing a friend. . . . 

Sat^ [January] 31. . . . Miss Wright engrosses the 
day. She has become the Editor of a paper called the 
Free press, ^ devoted to Infidelity & all the licentious- 
ness of the period of the French Revolution. Let her 
alone is my maxim & she will talk & write herself down. 
Pity that the fine mind & education she possesses sh** 
be thus perverted. ... 

per [Ship] Louisiana 

New York, Monday 2^^ Feb^ 1829 

A right down old fashioned N. E. snow storm pre- 
vents the Tenessee from sailing this day. . . . Your dear 
mother has been called upon by some Ladies of the Fe- 
male Tract So[ciety] of S* George's Church, to favour 
them with her aid, w*" she has done by subscribing as 
a life member $10, & Sister I presume will do the same. 

■* The Free Enquirer. 


This S° is Aux^ to the Am. Tract S" of wM am a Di- 
rector for life from its origin. Mothers heart & soul is 
quite engaged, but I dissuade her from personal solici- 
tations at her period of life. . . . 

Tuesday [February] 3'^. A fine N Wester will give 
the Tennessee a grand set off. It is years since we have 
had such a winter scene as this day. Sister takes the 
advantage of the occasion to take the children a sleigh- 
ing, the first time since her marriage that she has par- 
taken of this diversion. Cma, Thomas, Pintard & Boudy 
compose the party. I once tho't that I c*^ never lose my 
relish for dancing & sleighing, but I have outlived it & 
seem to wonder that they ever delighted me. M"" Max- 
well, my old friend, used to say that by wrapping him- 
self up in his cloke & sitting in the air on a N West day 
for an hour, till he got almost frozen, & then come into 
the House & drink a dram, was as good as going a sleigh- 
ing, the pleasure of which, in his estimation, consisted 
in freezing, thawing, & drinking Cherry bounce. It now 
seems to me to be much like it. It is astonishing how 
exhilirating it is to man & animals, to see the face of 
nature robed in white, the emblem of perfect pu- 
rity. . . . 

Wed^ [February] 4^^ Still very cold. Sister & the 
children (mother not well) took their long talked of 
sleigh ride yest^, of one hour out & home, at the mod- 
erate charge of $5, which made Thomas roll his goggels, 
as well it might, but as snow comes so seldom every 
advantage is taken. . . . 

Thurs^ [February] 5*\ Cold & capital sleighing. . . . 
The election of Edw** Livingston Senator to Congress 
gratifies all his old townsmen. It was his due. But I 
presume it will be a nominal honour, as no doubt he will 
be one of Gen. Jacksons Cabinet, probably Sec^ of State, 
so that he will have had the compliment paid him, & 
M"" Johns [t] on the next highest candidate be elected. 
Four weeks more & the new Administration takes place 
of the old. President Adams has held his last levee & 


given a most splendid supper on the occasion. Sic 
transit gloria inundi, & for one I shall sing & be joyful, 
for Adams was an apostate, not from principle but pro- 
motion. Judas has had his 30 pieces of silver. Let him 
go & hang himself. 

Friday [February] 6"'. All that I have to record is 
that the sleighing never was finer, & that M" Schenck 
called yest^' & took Sister & my namesake a riding. 
Mother is not very smart. She allows her spirits to be 
affected w** it is out of my power to control. (2 o'clock). 
The president that paraded Wall S' a few days ago has 
just passed by quartered for exhibition in market to- 

Sat-^ [February] 7"'. Milder, w" will spoil the most 
elegant sleighing that we have [had] for many years & 
w*" has been improved by all classes day & night. Every 
kind of sleigh & sled, in city & adjacent country has been 
put in requisition & the profits of the owners & drivers 
& all the places of entertainment have been exorbi- 
tant. . . . 

Tuesday [February] 10"". ... A new Savings Bank 
for Seamen has been incorporated w*" will be very bene- 
ficial to this thoughtless class of people & conducted on 
different principles from our own as to seeking them 
out & compeling them to deposit at the moment they 
receive their wages. I have been honoured with an ap- 
pointment as Trustee, w"" I sh"^ prefer letting alone but 
am willing to give any counsel in my power, but not 
personal services. We met last ev" for the first time. 

Wed^ [February] 11*'' 

It gratifies me to hear that Pintard is becoming use- 
ful & capable of relieving his father in the duties of the 
Infirmary . . . [Marsden] has great capacity & applys 
well to his studies, & happily for his moral & religious 
instruction he is highly favoured, and I trust, whatever 
may be his pursuits in life he will never forget the ben- 
efits derived under M"" Muhlenbergh who is devoted to 
his Academy. 


Friday [February] IS***. Last ev^ your sisters dear 
babe, 2 m°^ & 4 days old, was christened by the Rev. 
D' Upfold Rector of S' Thomas Ch[urch], his father 
mother & D"" Davidson — represented by myself — spon- 
sors, & called Richard Davidson after y' good man. The 
ceremony was performed with due solemnity, & the 
kneeling of our family at prayers around the circular 
table must have had a serious & impressive effect on 
the company. At least it made a very solemn one on me. 
The dear infant, altho at the hour usual for its rest, 
never whimpered. It was too late in the evening, past 8, 
to have Pintard & Boudy present as I c*^ have wished. 
Sisters family friends the Schencks, & a few others were 
present & after partaking of refreshments D"" Upfold 
retired i/o p. 9, the company gradually withdrew by 11, 
and I staid up on an occasion which may be the last. 
The weather was biting cold, but the room comfortable, 
good fires having been carefully kept up all day. Every- 
thing went off very well. Mother probably who has 
begun her letter to you may give particulars. I wish 
they w*^ call him Davidson, as Richard, altho' a pretty 
& favourite name of y"" mother, is not sufl5ciently dis- 
tinctive, for where a compliment is intended, boys ought 
to be designated by the family name. Thomas ought to 
be called Courtney after his mothers family. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Louisiana 

New York, 18"^ Feb^ 1829. Wed^ 

Thur'' 19*'' . . . This is an extreme cold day. My 
faculties are almost benumbed. We have had more of 
old fashioned winter this season than for many years. 
which proves that there is not so great a variation in 
the temperature of our climate as is generally imag- 
ined. Snows in my early days or before the revolution 
were more constant & durable, in this particular there 


is certainly a great difference in this city. . . . The 
Bachelors Ball on the 16''', lo'*" being Sunday, went off 
in high style. "Where little John Trot like a poney 
just nicked; with long Dolly Draggletail ambled & 
kicked." The Washington Birthday Ball is getting up, 
& a Grand Fancy Ball at the Theatre Park Place, for the 
inauguration of President Jackson, w** is to eclipse in 
fashion numbers & elegance all former exhibitions of the 
kind. . . . 

Friday [February] 20'^ A violent N. E. snow storm, 
such as has not occurred in many years. I had a bad 
walk down, but it will be harder returning. 

Sat^' [February] 21. The storm lasted with unabated 
fury from 8 a. m. to 10 at night. The snow much drifted 
& above a foot in depth on a level. . . . 

Monday [February] 23**. It is severely cold. The 
intervention of Sunday, without a fire in the oflSce ren- 
ders it so bitter that I can hardly write. . . . Our har- 
bour is almost blockaded with floating ice, & several of 
the narrow streets are almost impassable. It is many 
years since we have experienced any thing like the snow 
storm of Friday w*" has extended probably to Washing- 
ton. . . . 

Tuesday [February] 24"'. It really appears that 
there is nothing else to do but to chronicle the weather. 
A more distressing season for the poor has not occurred 
for many years. The abundant stock for distribution is 
totally exhausted, the private repositories must be re- 
sorted to. Our Fuel Saving Fund has proved a blessing 
this year. About 60 loads overplus will be turned over 
at cost to the Corporation, as the best Almoners of pub- 
lic bounty. Phila[delphia] by accounts are as bad off, 
but it is approachable by land when we are cut off by 
floating ice. Coal in a few years will be the grand re- 
source when grates adapted for domestic purposes will 
be improved so as to come within reach of the 

There is to be a confirmation in S' Thomas' Church, 


& our Thomas is preparing to assume on himself the 
baptismal vows made for him by his sponsors. As one it 
is my duty to assist him in his preparation. I have just 
procured for him an instructive little work Bp. Porteous' 
Evidences of X*^ one w*" Marney studies. . . . 

Wed^ [February] 25***. Weather milder with appear- 
ance of rain w'' will deluge our streets, but clear the har- 
bour of ice, at present nearly blockaded. Yest^ Sister 
accompanied M" Wadsworth who is a manager, to the 
Infant School in Canal S* with which she was delighted. 
It is contemplated to establish one for children such as 
ours in our vicinity w'' will prove highly beneficial to 
release these careful comforts from their nursery im- 
prisonment. It is surprizing & gratifying to see the 
capacity of infants of 2 years to learn by imitation; & 
their faculties called forth, hitherto regarded as to[o] 
immature for development. ... I look back with won- 
der at the comparative ignorance of society in my juve- 
nile years, & regard every movement in the moral & 
religious world as the manifestations of the approaching 
latter days glorious, a fulfillment of the sure word of 
prophecy, & a perfect demonstration of the truth of 
Divine revelation. . . . 

Friday [February] 27'\ A mild rain on Wed^ 
ev[ening] with sleet at night rendered the streets so 
slippery that for the first time since living up B^'way I 
remained home all day. The Streets were at 10 o'clock 
flooded with water & the cross paths nearly impassable. 
. . . Our harbour is still covered with floating ice so 
as to impede the departure & arrival of vessels. Liberal 
contributions are making in every ward for the poor. 
Fuel is the pinching want & every day diminishes our 
stock. Supplies are out of the question until the navi- 
gation shall be free. Among other gifts toward the re- 
lief of the poor, M"" Muhlenbergh has sent $20, given 
by the pupils of [Flushing] Academy so that our Mar- 
ney is learning the all important lesson of Charity, w*" 


ought to be inculcated in every seminary. . , . Poor 
dear Mother distresses me in the extreme, by persisting 
to go to housekeeping again, w** unless by retirement to 
some obscure low price tenement, to w*" she w*^ never 
consent, is totally out [of] my power. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Kentucky 

New York, 4**^ March, 1829. Ash Wed'' 

This is a day of rejoicing in this city, for the in- 
auguration of Gen. Jackson, President. M"" Adams goes 
out with little sympathy, having forfeited the confidence 
of those who made him president, by his imprudent let- 
ter reviving his groundless charges ag* the eastern Fed- 
eralists. For a man of talents, as he certainly is, he has 
committed some egregious errors & done several foolish 
acts, his 4*** July oration, his silly toast at Baltimore of 
Ebony & Topaz, & above all the aforesaid indiscreet 
letter, have greatly lessened him in general estimation. 
The toast was unfit even for a private party, from a 
private gentleman. A President of Congress sh"* never 
do a little thing. 

Friday [March] 6"\ Altho yest^ was a N. E. rain, 
we had a full attendance at the meeting of the Managers 
of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] when it was re- 
solved to publish a small pocket Testament for the use 
of Sunday Schools, and a Quarto Bible, with every pos- 
sible accuracy to be regarded as a standard for all future 
editions of the Scriptures. This subject I have long had 
at heart & hope to be spared to see it accomplished. 
Dear Mother attended service on Ash Wed'' when about 
40 ladies remained to form a Female Aux[iliar]y 
Miss[ionar]y Society. She declined the proffer of being 
made president, w^ at her period of life might have been 
troublesome. The system pursued by Bp. Hobart is so 
exclusive, all confined to this diocese, not a cent for For- 


eign Missions, that I cannot subscribe to it, & it is not 
pleasing to the most pious Episcopalians in this city, 
consequently it restricts their bounty, & from those 
whose hearts are cold, very little is obtained. Mother 
gave $5 no others higher than $[blank] & several only 
$1. Small doings w'' prove that their feelings were not 
engaged. Indeed we are so fearful of zeal & enthusi- 
asm that cold formality characterizes our denomination, 
which is [to] be regretted. If y"" brother will take my 
pew off my hands, I will purchase one in M"" Eastburns 
new Church.^ I wish to be intimate with my Minister, 
but cannot with M"" Upfold whose cheif merit consists 
in being very High Churchman. Intercourse of conse- 
quence is rare, & one dare not speak freely, least offence 
sh*^ be taken. This class of Divines is the very opposite 
to the character of the Rev. Leigh Richmond. I am 
too old, & read too much of better divinity to relish 
cold moral sermons, indeed incapable of hearing they 
cannot offend. Permit me again to urge your reading 
the Memoir of M"" Richmond. 

Sat^ [March] 7*^ Clear & cold. The late rain has 
lifted the ice, & our rivers are once more navigable. The 
presidents inaugural is a plain matter of fact speech & 
does him, in my estimation, credit. Opinions differ. 
Of the several presidents, Washington, Monroe & Jack- 
son were & are Christians, Adams P* & 2", Socinians, 
Jefferson & Madison Infidels. Under the administration 
of Gen. Washington, the U States experienced as great 
prosperity as ever they have since, Adams broke down 
the Federal party, Jefferson sowed the Wind, & Madison 
reaped the Whirlwind, Monroe enjoyed unparralled 
tranquillity, Adams 2'^ encountered great opposition. I 
hope that Jacksons reign may be peaceable & propitious. 
But it is impossible to please all parties. The Inns will 
grin, the Outs will pout. ... I shall send herewith "The 
Tales of the G* S* Bernard" by the Rev M' Croley, Au- 
thor of Salathiel for the amusement of my Darling & 

° Church of the Ascension. 


Turtle Dove. I know not the merits, but think that a 
clergyman might devote his time & talents to better pur- 
pose than novel writing. They are well spoken of & may 
amuse, if not instruct. I have looked into them, they 
are pleasing. 

Friday, [March] 13'\ No Illinois. Tomorrow I 
must make up my packet, in w^ besides the Tales, I shall 
add, the Beauties of Waverly, and a picture book of 
Trades, for the amusem[en]t of the Younkers. I shall 
send Marney the Memoir of L. Richmond to inspire 
him with right notions of the high duties of a pious 
Divine. . . . Sh** he go into the Ministry, Presbyt" or 
Episcopal, leave him to his own unbiassed choice. The 
western States perhaps ought to be the field of his opera- 
tions. His ardour will qualify to make an enterprizing 
Missionary, & he may build up a congregation of his 
own, live to see it flourish, and be the instrument of 
salvation to many. ... I have just rec'^ a letter from 
M' Bayard, who on my recommendation is reading Leigh 
Richmond with delight. I am travelling to a close with 
my beautiful large type London copy, & shall sigh as 
I conclude the last page. I reserve it as a treat in the 
evening after all my other readings. Never since the 
enraptured delight I once took in Shakespeare & Johnson 
have I met with a work that has afforded me so much 
pleasure & instruction, always excepting Scotts invalu- 
able commentary, my daily bread, from w** I never arise 
without acknowledging my obligations to him. 

Sat^ [March] 14'*^. ... I send the reading part of 
the 3 last Journals of Commerce, containing the Rev. 
M' Kings Journal, sent to the Greek Ladies of this city 
whose benevolence has been so generously extended to 
the unfortunate Greeks. What misery have they not 
suffered, & how grateful ought we to be for the peace & 
happiness we enjoy. Our RevoP War, w** we thought 
so distressing was peace & tranquillity compared with 
the struggles of Greece. You know my beloved daugh- 
ter the interest I have taken in its behalf. & the mem- 


ory of my eccentric friend Wood ought to be immortal- 
ized for his zeal & services in the cause of Greece. 

[Addressed by Ship] Talma 
By [Ship] Illinois 

18*'' March, 1829 

. . . Sunday was so pleasant that dear Mother & 
myself walked out in the aft.noon to see Aunt Helen 
who is very well. M' Craig intends going back again 
to his country place, & has let the House, the occupation 
of w*" has become unpleasant, at present, in consequence 
of improving the streets all around it. . . . 

Thur'' [March] 19*^ This is the birthday of Thomas, 
having completed his 16'" & entered on his 17''' year, 
being one year older than Marney. . . . 

Wed^' [March] 25"*. . . . Miss Richmonds descrip- 
tion of the last moments of her father, so overpowered 
me last ev^ that I was obliged to lay the book aside, & 
weep in silence under cover of my shade. No Tragedy, 
however deeply pathetic, in my play reading days ever 
affected more intensely. You will say Father grows old 
& childish. Admitted. My heart, in place of becoming 
petrified by age, seems to become more mollified, but 
does not recover its tone quite as quick as a child, which 
from grief to joy, will laugh while the tear is glittering 
in its eye. You will experience a share of my sensa- 
tions after perusal, & of course better excuse my weak 
& feminine feelings. As a scene of real life it is superior 
to fiction imagination having no part in a story, that 
may always be recurred to with profit & melancholly 
delight. So popular is this memoir becoming that sev- 
eral of our Evangelical Ministers have purchased from 
5 to a dozen copies for circulation among their parish- 
ioners whose circumstances are too circumscribed to lay 
out even a Dollar over their absolute wants. Certainly 


a spirit of genuine Xt" piety must be inspired by the 
perusal of this Memoir. Of the edition sent you 1000 
copies, 700 have been sold & the remainder is going off 
so rapidly, that the Carvells are about publishing a 
smaller & cheaper edition for more general use, w'' will 
enable me to give copies to my humble friends. Your 
brother Samuel may have returned ere this comes to 
hand, or I c** wish you to send y"" copy to y"" good father 
Davidson, w" in such case I will replace. Presbyterians 
are apt to suppose that there is very little vital piety 
among Episcopalians, for w'', I will not say uncharitable, 
reflection I must confess there is too much reason. This 
Memoir will convince him that exalted piety is to be 
found among English Divines, & the number of Evan- 
gelical Clergymen of our Church is increasing in both 
countries, altho' I regret to add that there is an in- 
creased oppugnation of the High Church party through- 
out the U. S. [in this] Diocese esp"", but mor[e of] this 
at a future day. 

Thur^' [March] 26'^ . . . This day Mother & Sister 
attend the auction of y"" late cousin Julia Weeks fur- 
niture. . . . M' Weeks takes his infant child to his 
mother at Oyster bay, & John, his very fine eldest son 
is to go to a boarding school in the country. , . . 

Friday [March] 27*^ Sister bought but a few ar- 
ticles, decanters & glasses as a remembrancer, everything 
sold very well, indeed high. Your Cousin John super- 
intended the sale, w" it was too painful for M"" Weeks 
to attend. . . . 

By [Ship] Tennessee 

New York, 3" April. 1829 

.... My time is as usual much engrossed with my 
oflBce duties, & the Am. Bible So[ciety]. At the meeting 
of the Managers yest^ I was informed of the reason of 
the unexpected return of the Rev. M"" Christmas, an 


ulcerated sore throat, by the advice of D"" Davidson, & 
that he intended to call on me. I shall be happy to see 
him. We are happy to hear that the children are re- 
covering after a pretty hard attack of the measles. . . . 
On Wed^ P' Master Pintard went to a decent Madams 
school. Like his namesake, he took confinement very 
hard, & was in tears when Robert came for him at 
11. . . . 

Monday [April] 6"". A Steam Boat reached Albany 
on Sat^ ev^ & the river is open. One arrived from Al- 
bany last ev^ with 400 Passengers much to the joy of 
our trading folks. Yest'' slight rain, to day high raw 
west^ wind, w** has made me so hoarse that I can hardly 
articulate distinctly. A busy week before me. I have 
just ref* (214 o'clock) from a meeting of the Trustees 
of the Sailors Snug Harbour. Tomorrow, from 12 to 2, 
Election of Directors of the Mut[ua]l Ins. Co. Wed'' 
5 p. m. monthly meet^ of the Trustees of the Savings 
B''. Thur^ 41/2 p. m. of the Vestry Du S' Esprit. Friday 
5 p. m. of the Stand^ Com« of the Am. Bible S". Sat^ 
holiday probably, after 3, for Tho^ Pintard & my- 
self. ... 

Tuesday [April] 7*^. 2 p. m. What between writing 
up the Minutes of the Sailors Snug Harbour, & the Elec- 
tion for Directors of my Ofl5ce, & making punch, for the 
Voters — such as your Sister made for her wedding — my 
time has been wholly engrossed till now. . . . The Rev" 
M"" Bayard has very unexpectedly called. He is on his 
way to Princeton, having been at Newark last Sunday 
where he preached twice. The present minister is leav- 
ing that Church & his old friends wish him to re- 

Wed-^ [April] S**" . . . This morn^ besides prepara- 
tory business for the Savings Bank, I have attended to 
a very able report by Consul Buchannan of the pro- 
ceedings of the Fuel Saving Fund, w'' is so discouraging, 
notwithstanding every effort, that it will be dissolved 
next Friday, & we will pay over our small Funds to 


the Female Assylum for lying in women, on condition 
of making every Patron & members for life, Ladies, 
Members also of the Fem. Assylum. This Society has 
extended great relief. Females have a better tact for 
these subjects than men. Less apt to be imposed upon, 
they can approach the destitute & unfortunate of their 
sex with greater delicacy & administer to their wants 
with more judgment & discrimination. If not too pain- 
ful & irksome Mother may, years permiting, be emi- 
nently useful. This City is very much indebted to its 
Females, to whom I always consider myself under obli- 
gations. . . . 

Friday [April] 10'^ ... I am better thank God this 
day but weak, & were I not obliged, if possible, to at- 
tend the Fuel Fund S° at 1 & to call at the Depository 
& audit the Acc*^ of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] 
I sh** have kept house, for the day is raw & overcast. 
Moreover I felt anxious to see whether my office had 
been involved in the Conflagration of the La Fayette 
Theatre, between 3 & 4 this morning which is totally 
demolished, together with several adjacent buildings. 
The structure being a huge pile of wood & combustibles, 
the blaze was tremendous. Happily as far as we can yet 
ascertain, we have escaped having for a length of time 
doome[d] this Theatre to destruction, we prudently 
avoided all insurance in its proximity. Pintard knows 
the place, where he attended with his brother the first 
Circus exhibition after his arrival here. Thus two Thea- 
tres, the Bowery & La Fayette have been conf [IJagrated 
within a short space of each other. The Park Theatre 
had its turn some years ago, when the awful catastrophe 
of the Richmond Theatre occurred. . . . After I had 
retired to rest at 9 last ev= the Rev. M"" Bayard came in 
from Princeton. He has gone over to Newark this morn^ 
to renew his old acquaintance, to preach on Sunday. & 
go north on Monday so as [to] attend Service on Good 
Friday at Geneseo. 


Monday 13*'' April. After a succession of most un- 
pleasant weather a fine day w** most probably will bring 
JVP^ Bayard to town. I am labouring under the most 
severe cold that I have ever experienced. Sat^ rain & 
damp I staid home to nurse myself that I might attend 
the Confirmation in S' Thomas Church w** I did on 
Thomas' account altho' the weather was raw & the 
dampness of the Church has aggravated my cold. It 
was a solemn service. I pray that it may be sanctified 
to my good adopted g'^son, who had attentively prepared 
himself. About 30 were confirmed & the sight was very 
impressive to see so many young persons assuming on 
themselves their baptismal vows & devoting themselves 
to God. . . . 

This aft. noon I am to attend the funeral of M"" Arch*^ 
Gracie who died on Sat^' aged 74. M"" G. was once the 
most respectable merchant in this city, of unbounded 
hospitality & munificence, a subscriber to every religious 
& beneficent institution, esteemed & beloved above every 
citizen of his time. The French & British spoliations 
broke down his once princely establishment, w" depressed 
his spirits & eventually shortened his days. . . . 

Tuesd^ [April] 14*'' . . . Just after returning from 
M"" Grades funeral at 6, Aunt Patty [Bayard] & Caro- 
line arrived. Y"" brother, unluckily, attended them, for 
his pocket was picked at the Steam Boat wharf not much 
money $6, & all his accepted bills to some am*. He has 
this morn^ noticed the acceptors to stop payment. No 
bad consequences will I trust result, but it is morti- 
fying. He said nothing till he showed me his advertise- 
ment just now. . . . 

By [Ship] Louisiana 

New York, Wed>' IS*'' April, 1829 

I have just written to Marney the last news from 
home, saying, if not otherwise directed, that he is to 


sail in the Kentucky, the lo"" May, & in that event to 
come to town the preceding Sat^ so as to attend the 
annual meeting of the Am. Bible S° on Thur^ 14^", & see 
the procession of our Sunday School Union on Wed^ 
aft. noon, the Scholars so numerous as to form a line 
nearly from the City Hall to Castle Garden, a most im- 
posing & to me, affecting sight. . . . 

Thur-^ [April] 16*\ Superb day. Aunt Patty is 
highly favoured. Yest'' the whole party visited the In- 
fant School & were delighted. I was made happy to 
find that dear mother was able to accompany them, 
after being confined almost 8 days to her chamber, by 
something like Rheumatism in the back. Pintard was 
taken along & behaved like a little man & was much 
pleased with the children, who I am certain learn more 
in 1 week than he will, at his Madams in a month, but 
the association of the very lowest of poor children is 
not fitting for those of better sort. I wish there was an 
infant school suitable for him. . . . 

Good Friday [April] IT*"". Just ref^ from my French 
Church, in rain & unluckily brot no umbrella with me, 
tant pis. Only Miss Maria Solomon dined with us yest^, 
her sister having hurt her foot c*' not walk the distance 
from M''' Callenders who lives near the Battery. Thomas 
waited on her home. She is a fine animated young lady 
& plays very well on the piano. Dear Mother was bled 
yest-'' p. m. D"" Hosack called at a very inconvenient 
moment I/2 p. 4 & took her from dinner table. . . . 

Sat^ [April] 18'" 

This aft.noon I am to attend the funeral of M''^ 
Scudder, relict of my once eccentric friend John Scud- 
der of the Museum. Poor woman, she lived without 
God in this world, of which she was too sensible in her 
dying hour. She called Eliza, M' Scudders oldest daugh- 
ter grown up. & besought her to take her two young 
daughters to Church, the neglect of which, now too late, 
she severely felt & repented. May a gracious God have 
mercy on her soul. She was correct in her life, tho' ex- 


tremely sordid, had been M"" Scudders servant maid. He 
married her after the decease of his first wife. 

This day month, if spared, will complete my three 
score & ten. 

Monday [April] 20*^ 

On Saf ev^, as we were about retiring to rest, a 
person brought in M"" Servoss' pocket containing every 
thing except the few Bank notes. It had been left, a 
few moments before, on his counter in Nassau S* by 
some person unknown. He came instantly to Broome S* 
& w'^ accept of no compensation saving the expense of 
Hack hire. Every acceptance was exact, being several 
exceeding $5000. It has quite relieved us all. 

Tuesday [April] 2P* 

Aunt Patty & Sister went yest^ p. m. to see the 
panorama of Geneva, with w^' they were pleased. In the 
morn^ they visited the Female High School. This day 
they attend the anniversary of the Orphan Assylum at 
the City Hotel. . . . Tomorrow a M"" Mason of Tennes- 
see & his daughter dine en famille & Sister makes a 
little party for her on Thur^ ev^. They are introduced 
by M"" White of N[ew] 0[rleans] as his particular 
friend. . . . M"" Bayard has been longer detained than 
he expected at Burlington, as an evidence in a law suit 
pending between Miss Wallace, the lame lady, ag* her 
brother John for misapplication of his trust. How un- 
pleasant are such suits between such near connections. 
It gives Aunt Bradford great pain. Among other woes, 
is the total prostration of poor Horace Stocktons affairs, 
whose all has been sold on execution for debt, & with 
his (not amiable) wife & 2 daughters have been obliged 
to seek temporary refuge with M" Bradford. To add to 
their affliction, the youngest daughter is deranged, tho' 
troublesome, manageable. . . . Horace S. was a man of 
brilliant genius, but great eccentricity. An enthusiast 
in religion he became a Methodist, neglected his pro- 
fessional law duties, abused his Trust, spent by antici- 


pation the 110,000 his Uncle Boudinot intended for him, 
also $5000 lent him & forgiven by his brother Richard, 
borrowed & never repaid until he totally lost his char- 
acter & that estimation, on acc^ of his family, in w" 
he was once held, & has finally sunk into utter ruin. 
Aunt Patty says, that it is feared that he has recourse 
to the last of all degradations, the Bottle. It makes 
my heart sink to mention circumstances so unpleas- 
ant. . . . 

Thur^ [April] 23^ A beautiful day. . . . This day 
Aunt Patty returns home, leaving Caroline till her father 
comes to town next week. . . . Yest-^ Miss Mason dined 
with us, quite a polished young lady & plays well on 
the piano. I c*^ not but contrast Mothers youthful days 
with those of the present generation, reflecting that 
a young miss from the interior of Tennessee (Paris) 
was endowed with all the elegant accomplishments of 
polished society. She is amiable & modest, pretty but 
not handsome & genteel in person & deportment. This 
evening she, with her business Father, will be at Sister's 
party. . . . 

Tuesday [April] 28**^ 

Among the removals in the new order of things is 
John Duer Esq as district Att[orne]y w" I extremely 
regret, for he is a superior character. His eminent tal- 
ents however will in consequence of this removal, at- 
tract the best professional business in this city, so that 
he will be no loser. Ja[me]s A. Hamilton son of Gen. 
Hamilton is app[ointe]d in his place, an excellent man 
& who went to y'' city a year ago. . . . 

Wed. [April] 29*''. Fine day. Accompanying is a 
letter for Judge Smith from his sister ]\I" Salomons. 
Have I said, for I cannot retrospect, that Miss S. is 
engaged to a young physician D' Woodhull,*^ of re- 

" Alfred Alexander Woodhull married in 1S33. Anna Maria Salomons, 
daughter of Dirck G. Salomons and Susan (Smith) Salomons. Woodhull 
and Stevens, Woodhull Genealogy (Philadelphia. 1904), pp. 161, 332. 


spectable family. She is a fine lively affable young 
lady, & the match agreeable to her mother. . . . 

New York, Sat^ 2" May, 1829 

This will be delivered to my beloved daughter, please 
God, by her dear son Marsden, who after nearly 4 years 
absence returns home, on a visit to his family. . . . Last 
ev^ I was disquieted with the ace* that y^ intimate friend 
M"" Chew has been removed from the post of Collector 
of N[ew] 0[rleans] w*" he has so long & so honourably 
filled. He finds a retreat however in the Bank, w** will 
keep him from absolute depression. . . . 

Tuesday 5"' May. This day the Directors of the 
Mut[ual] Ins[urance] Co. meet to elect a Secretary in 
my place. I was appointed Sec^ 10*'' April 1809, so that 
I have served in this Station 20 Years & 25 days, a long 

Wed-^ [May] 6'". The result of yest"" was the elec- 
tion of a M'" A. B. McDonald as my successor, a candi- 
date, to me, totally unexpected. His mother '^ is the 
daughter of my once very intimate friend, M' Anth^ 
Bleecker, dec'' & I am glad of the choice, altho' I regret 
most sincerely that Andrew Warner who has been in 
the office 10 years was not chosen, but such is the issue 
of competition supported by powerful friends w*" An- 
drew wants, for my influence was inefficient. A Reso- 
lution of thanks was passed in my favour, w** is highly 
gratifying to poor Mother. On Satur^ I close my duties, 
with permission, kindly granted, to transfer my desk 
to the back office, & a free access at all hours, w^ is, for 
the present, more accommodating than a removal to y"" 

7 Mrs. Alexander Lewis McDonald (Elizabeth De Hart Bleecker), 
daughter of Anthony Lispenard Bleecker. W. M. MacBean, Biographical 
Register of Saint Andrew's Society (N. Y. 1922), I, 346. 


brother's counting room. Thus my beloved daughter 
my long agony is over, & I am all gratitude to Almighty 
God that the cloud that obscured me when you were 
here is overpast & that my official career terminates 
without a blot or reproach. . . . The Car [v] ills having 
sold off their edition of lOUO copies of Leigh Richmond 
are about publishing another in a reduced size to sell 
for 75/000 for w^ purpose I have ceded to them the 
only London copy S'^ edition to be replaced, w'' I some- 
what regret as I had marked all the passages to w*" I 
wished to refer. I have taken out the print w" I intend 
to have neatly framed for Marney to be placed in his 
future study as his examplar. . . . 

Wed^ [May] 13'^. Since Sat'' I have not been able 
to trace a single line. Dear Marney came to town on 
that day elated with the prospect of sailing in the Ken- 
tucky on the 15^^. My time has been so engrossed with 
preparations for the L3"' Ann[iversar]y tomorrow of 
the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] preparing dfts. of 
Minutes duplicate & triplicates of Resolutions for this 
aft. noon & tomorrow meetings, w'' I have, 21/2 p. m. thus 
far concluded, that my poor head is in a state of effer- 
vescence. I made out to attend the procession of our 
Sunday School Union to Castle Garden yest-^ P. M. To 
Marneys description I must leave the splendid, brilliant, 
interesting scene, probably at least old & young 10,000 
persons were present, a scene w*" the world cannot equal, 
for the world does not possess such ample elegant acom- 
modations. I c** not but contrast in my mind the past 
& the present, the period when Col. Williams, before 
the late War. cast the first stone for creating the founda- 
tion of a Military Fortress, & the present glorious ex- 
hibition. The day was most favourable & the sight en- 
chanting. The fulfillment of prophecy in this instance 
is literally accomplished of beating our spears into prun- 
ing hooks. I felt some satisfaction in having been in- 
strumental in preventing the total demolition of this 
Castle, now appropriated to useful & agreeable purposes. 


The solitaire once gave a birds eye sketch of the sur- 
rounding scenery w*" is without a parallel at least in our 
country. . , . 

Thur^ 14*'' May. IS**' Ann^ of the A[merican] 
B[ible] S[ociety], a glorious day. Our Anniv^ meeting 
went off triumphantly. The So[ciety] has resolved to 
supply thro' the aid of its Auxiliaries, the whole U States 
destitute families within 2 years, & it will by the Divine 
blessing be accomplished. Marney will give an Ace* of 
all that he has witnessed & heard this Jubilee. He & 
Thomas walked with me in procession. The Rev. M"" 
Muhlenbergh who delivered an elegant address, is to 
breakfast with me. . . . 

[Addressed:] M'"^ E. N. Davidson 

New Orleans 
By her dear son 

L. M. Davidson 
Ship Kentucky 

New York, Monday, 18*" May, 1829 

Thur^ 2P* ... On Tues'' ev^ Sister gave a family 
party in compliment to M'^ Teller & M'^ Wilsey of Fish- 
kill. . . . Your brothers prudence has protected him ag* 
any bad results from the failure of IVP Franklin w*" I 
greatly regret. M"" S[ervoss] has to congratulate him- 
self, that the failure does not arise thro' his advices. On 
the contrary, he urged greater circumspection. Bad as 
our markets have been, he will, he thinks, wind up M' 
F's concerns in his hands without much loss, if 

Thur'' [May] 28*". A week has elapsed since I have 
put pen to paper. My time all last week was engrossed 
with record^ the Minutes of the A[merican] B[ible] 
S[ociety]. On Sat^ I attended the consecration, by Bp. 
Hobart, of Ascension Church, the Rev. Manton East- 


burn Rector & did not come down. On Monday I was 
devoted to my unfinished Minutes. . . . We are looking 
for the Illinois. Possibly some tidings respecting the 
effect on the Doctor of M"" Chews removal. How hard. 
I sincerely sympathize with y' Sister friend M" Chew. 
What dreadful efiects of party politics. 

New York, V June, 1829. Monday 

Yest"^ Mother accompanied me to Ascension Church, 
opened for the first time by the Rev. M*" Eastburn Rec- 
tor. Much gratified. 

Friday [June] 5"". Too busy with the Minutes of the 
A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] to say a word, a dread- 
ful explosion of the Steam Frigate Fulton yest^ p. m. 
at the Navy Yard, w" engrosses the public sympathy. 

Thur^ 10''' [sic for June 11] Last ev° your brother 
brought home the N[ew] 0[rleans] Argus of 12^*" May 
rec'^ by the Francis containing the removals & appoint- 
ments in y'' city. Among the rest D"" R. Davidson. 
Altho' I anticipated as much I felt sore & dread least 
it sh*^ be the forerunner of withdrawing the seamen from 
his Infirmary. Your brother, to console me, repeated 
over all the Doctor's friends who might interest them- 
selves in his behalf with M'" Gordon, but I apprehend, 
with all the new Collector's firmness, that he will be 
obliged to submit to the party who expect wherever 
power is lodged it will be devoted to their interests. 

To change an unpleasant subject, This ev^ there is 
to be a Bible meet^ at Masonic Hall, to promote the 
Resolutions of the A. B. S. to supply every destitute 
family in the U[nite]d [States] with a copy of the Scrip- 
tures within 2 years. It is God's cause, & I have every 
hope & confidence of success. The weather being tern- 


perate, almost cold. As I cannot hear, Mother purposes 
to go 

New York, Friday, 12**^ June, 1829 

The great Bible effort was made last ev'^. Mother, 
M"" S[ervoss] & Thomas attended a full meeting at Ma- 
sonic Hall. $7500 or more were paid down after the 
close of the addresses. Mother gave $25 out of her 
scanty means & myself as much more this morn'. M' 
Arthur Tappan, the most liberal benefactor in this city 
by far, gave $5000. Sermons are to be preached in all 
our Churches, saving the Episcopal, except S* Georges, 
D"" Milnor & Ascension, M"" Eastburn, Bp. Hobarts bale- 
ful influence paralyzing every generous effort in the 
Bible cause. He cannot however quite extinguish the 
zeal & affection of every one. Many are doubtful of 
success, who are well wishers. I confess I may be too 
sanguine. But I have great Faith. It will be a glorious 
result sh*^ we succeed. 

Sat-'' [June] IS**". With y"" last Observers, I have put 
up a copy of the new stereotype Ed[ition] of Leigh 
Richmond, so that having two, you can keep one for cir- 
culation & one at home. Let Marney leave his, w" I 
will replace, presuming always that this interesting 
Memoir will be as popular with you as with us. There 
are also 2 addresses of the IS**" Anniv'' & 2 of the Man- 
agers on the present Bible question. About 9000 D" 
have been collected. Dear Mother visited some friends 
yest-^ & brought home $7. All Sis[t]ers domestics gave 
75 cents each out of their wages, & our 4 g'^children do 
the same. These family collect [ion]s will I hope spread 
& amount to a large sum. $20,000 is our mark for this 
city, w'' I confidently trust will be raised as fast as 
wanted. . . , 

[Addressed by: Ship] Illinois 


New York, Tues^ 16'" June, 1829 

Wed'' [June] 17'". After perusing my beloved daugh- 
ters letter of 23*^ May, my poor distressed heart on her 
account is more relieved. Your good brother endeav- 
oured to buoy up my spirits by recounting every pos- 
sible chance in the Doctors favour, but I have had too 
long & too much experience to count on political parti- 
sans, & am therefore not disappointed as to M"" Gordon 
altho' grieved. . . . Reduced, or rather circumscribed to 
his private practice, the Doctor can now endeavour to 
extend it, & by prudent reserve of his opinions & feel- 
ings avoid exasperating those who might retaliate by 
interfering with his practice. . . . Among the chances & 
changings of this transitory life, you are now at this 
moment engaged in removing from your once little para- 
dize, in the very hearts blood of heat, when all if pos- 
sible ought to be repose. Your brother does not readily 
recollect your new domicile as there were two M"* Sauls 
Cashiers, but from y' brief account, no doubt the House 
is more capacious & accommodating than the last, ex- 
cepting the confined yard, w" will be a dreadful restric- 
tion to the children. . . . Pintard being unhinged from 
his late daily duties is bad. I hope his father will be 
able to get him a station in the Charity Hospital, where 
his experience & willingness to perform every duty will 
render him an acquisition. . . . 

New York, Monday 22*^ June, 1829 

Tues^ [June] 23^^. . . . Dear Sister has her troubles 
also. Faithful Robert has left us to prepare for the 
African Methodist Ministry. Pious, capable, & honest 
he was every thing to us. He is replaced by a decent 
coloured man yet to be proved & learn the ways of the 
family. A general change has taken place since you 


left US. Marian went on a visit to her mother & never 
returned, replaced by a very quiet decent coloured girl, 
Susan, who leaves us tomorrow, discon[ten]ted with her 
kitchen mates. The better used the more ungrateful, 
such is the disposition for roaming. Nothing like old 
faithful Tamar, after all. 

Tues^ [June] 30*''. The most ext[raordinar]y cool 
weather that probably ever was known. I had written 
in answer to M"" Bayards request for my opinion of his 
accepting an offer of $10,500 for his place. Knowing 
that he was tired of farming & that Aunt Patty wished 
to live on a smaller scale I gave my sentence in favour 
of a sale, contrary as I afterwards found to y"" mothers 
judgment. Let it pass. ... I have toiled very dog- 
gedly, sometimes very hard, & at all times closely con- 
fined for 20 years of my life, but I declare the no work 
that I have to do, is the hardest work I ever performed. 

1 come down to the office daily but returning early, 
makes my home day very long. I read till my eyes re- 
fuse their ofl&ce, lay aside my book, nod, take it up again 
& wish for night. Scotts Bible is my daily bread, & 
strange you may think it to say, Scotts Novels my recre- 
ation. What an association for an old man. For nearly 

2 years I have been incessantly engaged with Ecclesias- 
tical History, till finally, it has lost its charms. I c'' no 
longer rest on it with instruction or pleasure. I thought 
last week of Waverly, took it up, & became as fascinated 
with it as on the first perusal many years ago, & it com- 
pletely beguiled my mind & killed ennui. I shall read 
them in succession for an hour or two thro' the summer. 
When Autumn comes, if spared, my mind & body will 
I hope be braced for more serious study. 

IV" [June] Sat^ ... My time is thank God much 
occupied, with the B[ible] S[ociety] & Savings B"". The 
last closed its 10*'' year, 30*'' ult° in w'' time we received 
$4,997,105.40, and paid back $3,528,419.71, & opened 
above 22,000 accounts. Vastly beyond our most san- 


guine expectations. The 2 years Bible supply meets un- 
bounded approbation. $50,000 are already engaged to be 
supplied, of $200,000, our sum, & this is but a dull season 
to collect. . . . 

New York, 14^'' July, Tues^ 1829 

Thur^ [July] 16'^''. The Tennessee is to sail tomor- 
row. I put up for darling Waverleys last Novel, The 
Maid of the Mist, w*" she will find interesting. I have 
only read the first Vol. for I cannot read much this hot 
weather which has at length come. . . . 

M"" & M" Washington have arrived at Princeton & 
with their mother are to pass thro' next week on their 
route to Geneseo. I wish Mother c"* find some good 
companion to visit the Springs w'' w*^ be of service to 
her. For myself this year, I cannot go. It is a chance 
if even to Princeton. M"" Bayard has let his place P' 
Ocf to a M"" Patten who is enterprizing a modern acad- 
emy. If successful he will purchase it. JNI' B. & Patty 
purpose to pass the winter with Julia. . . . 

Friday [July] 17*\ After 2 hot days a delightful 
pleasant one. To the little parcel I have added Parental 
Fidelity for Mother as well as children, the perusal of 
which will be profitable to both. Little Richard pines, 
probably the usual infantile bowel complaint. Tomor- 
row M"" Servoss takes his family to Musquito Cove, on 
Long Island, nearly opposite to N Rochelle. A Steam 
Boat plies daily between this city & those places, w'' 
if accommodations can be procured will render inter- 
course very easy. It is a beautiful retired place, board 
$4, Fish, Clams directly out of the water & substantial 
Farmers fare. Altho' called Musquito Cove, that tor- 
mentor does not infest the place. M"" S. will return on 
Monday morn^ when we shall know all about it. I wish 


it may so please as to induce Mother to go. The sandy 
shore admits of comfortable bathing at all times of tide. 
Such a retreat, in August, w*^ suit me exactly. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Tennessee 

New York, Monday 20^*^ July, 1829 

[July] 22*^. Yest^ at 3 p. m. Sister with her 3 Chil- 
dren, maid & baggage took passage in the Steam Boat 
for Musquito Cove. William the waiter attended as M"" 
Servoss c*^ not leave town. The quarters in a Quaker 
family are decent, fare plain & wholesome, $4 a week & 
half price for children, but no accommodations for 
Mother, who will go to Bath next week. j\P S[ervoss] 
will go to see his family on Saf. He went there last 
Sat^ to engage quarters. 

23^'^ [July] Thur''. William ret'' yest^ with a letter 
from Sister. She is delighted with her quarters. Mother 
talks of accompanying M"" S. on Saf" possibly to pass 
next week. It w*^ be gratifying if any accommod[atio]n 
c'^ be made for her, as it w'^ be more retired than Bath, 
unless our wild children sh*' be an annoyance. For my- 
self I c" wish a sequestered retreat. If Bath, I shall only 
pass a day or two, in a fortnight for I cannot bear a 
public House. A letter from M"" Bayard informs that 
only he & Aunt Patty, taking home their 2 gMaughters, 
intend visiting his Rev'' son. M"" Washington is obliged 
to go back to Virg" to attend an important trial & re- 
turns for Julia in Sepf who in the meanwhile stays at 
Princeton with her sister. On Monday next, they are 
to come to town to proceed Tues^ 6 a. m. for Albany, 
unless M""^ Bradford who is indisposed with chill & Fever 
& Gout sh'' grow worse & call them to Burlington. . . . 

Friday [July] 24*\ Our little Pintards birth day, 4 
years old. . . . The Doctor I see is disappointed respect- 
the City Hospital, D"" Kerrs son having been appointed 
postmaster. I am led to think that in consequence of 


all the late changes & curtailments of income that you 
hesitate about encountering the expense of Marneys fur- 
ther education. . . . 

Sat^' [July] 25"'. . . . Mother has decided on going 
to Bath, which altho' a more public resort of comers & 
goers, still affords retirement to a private chamber, & 
better fare than country families can furnish. She had 
concluded to visit Sister this day, before coming to a 
conclusion. But a letter from her yesf" mentions that 
the table is very indifferent, plain boiled pork or corn 
meal, without fish or poultry, simple country fare, no 
pretentions to cookery, & what is worse, bad sour bread, 
so that she & the children live on crackers. This in- 
formation has not only decided Mothers choice but will 
induce M' Servoss to change his familys quarters, & 
altho' it may cost a little more, still in case of sickness 
or complaint, Mother & daughter will be together. Your 
Mother is quite a favourite with M'^ Brown who sent 
over yesf to say, that her apartment w'* probably be 
at command on Monday, & Mother has engaged it. 
Moreover Bath is of easy access, an hour & a half ride, 
5 p. m., communication twice a day, & M"" S. can more 
easily go & come. It takes 5 hours to & from Musquito 
Cove, sometimes, according to tides, 6, which throws 
him late in the ev^ to get there & late in the morn^' re- 
turning. All things considered it is best to change quar- 
ters, & as Mother cannot be accommodated with a room, 
the reason is more than plausible. The children enjoy 
themselves, there is however range enough at Bath for 
them, nice waggon or Barouche to take an occasion air- 
ing. Upon the whole I am as well, or better pleased. 
My visits will be a day or two weekly. As I said, Mother 
is much respected by the good Dutch folks of New 
Utrecht & feels herself very much at home with M" 
Young. . . . 


New York, Monday 27*'^ July, 1829 

My last by mail, 25**^ inst. Please to inform how 
many VoP you have of M" Sherwoods Lady of the 
Manor, I think 5. A 7'^ is just published w"" I will 
send with the Q^^ next fall to complete your set. 

Tues^ 28*". The Kentucky arrived yest^, also the 
Azelia. Your brother brought home y"" letters. I con- 
fess that my heart sunk, on reading that Marneys des- 
tiny was altered. I bow with submission, knowing that 
an overruling Providence orders all for the best. Your 
mother was not disappointed, as she knew from Marneys 
discourse that he did not intend to return. So be it. I 
anticipated that a change in circumstances w*^ not jus- 
tify his Father to extend his education. Were it pos- 
sible, w'' it is not, I w*^ have educated Marney myself. 
It is some consolation that he has taken to the Law, in 
w" if he applies himself, he will excell, & certainly in a 
lucrative view his prospects are flattering. To have been 
retained at the first start, with a stipend adequate to his 
support I consider a kind interposition in his favour. 

Wed^ [July] 29*^ Yest^ P. M. dear Mother left me 
for Bath, escorted by Thomas who has (9 o'clock) ret*^. 
They got up safe & in good season for Tea. Mother has 
an excellent chamber maid, white, Ann who has been 
with her a month & accustomed to her ways, is quiet & 
handy. She has her old apartment, a very convenient 
one, & is quite at home with M" Young & family. She 
parted with a very heavy heart, going alone. We hoped 
that Sister w*^ have changed her quarters, but her ap- 
pendage is large & the difference between 4 & 6 Doll" a 
week, & half price for her maid & children am'^ to con- 
siderable in 2 months. . . . M"" Bayard & Aunt Patty 
went to visit their son yest'' morn^ taking home 2 
g'^daughters. They staid Monday ev^ with M" Boyd. 
Mother & myself called on them after my return from 
the Savings Bank. The Fare to Albany is only $1, meals 
to be paid for. Some St [earn] Boats give meals in the 


bargain, such is the destructive rivalship between the 
several proprietors to see who shall do each other most 
harm. It is a public injury to reduce prices below the 
fair value. ... I am happy that you have passed thro 
the horrors of removal & that you find y"" new abode 
cooler. You will get accustomed to the noise, as we 
became except Mother, in B'^way, where the everlasting 
racket of Horses <k Carriages was intolerable for the first 
6 months. ... Do not let Marney absent himself from 
y"" family devotions & attendance on Church. I hope 
that he will become a Sunday School Teacher. Thomas 
is deriving more Bible information by the discharge of 
this important benevolent duty, than left to himself he 
w** probably have acquired all his life. The Male Teach- 
ers of Ascension Church, to which he is attached, meet, 
once a fortnight, of an ev^ at each others houses in rota- 
tion, for mutual instruction & prayer. He is quite enam- 
oured with his calling & is very punctual & faithful in 
its discharge. He is a lad of excellent principles. His 
scho[o]ling terminates the 3P* & his father will put him 
into some store. Matteawan is done with, on ace* of the 
woful depression of the manufacturing interest. M"" 
Schenck still goes on, but certainly without profit, if not 
with direct loss. 

New York, Monday 3*^ Aug\ 1829 

. . . Dear Mother from whom I heard Sat^ & yesf 
is well & delighted with her accommod^ having the best 
room in the house, S. W. corner, fronting the Bay, with 
a prospect of every ship coming in & going out. She was 
most kindly welcomed. Yest^ she went to Church & 
contributed her mite to the N. Utrecht Female Mission- 
ary & Bible Society. . . . This aft.noon I shall go over 
& stay till Wed^ p. m. for Thur^ is the meeting of the 
Managers, & next Monday go again & stay till Wed^ 
A. M., the aft.noon being the monthly meeting of the 


Trustees of the Savings Bank, w** goes on most prosper- 
ously. We opened 259 new ace*' in July, half of w" were 
low Irish, Males & Females. This Instif" is working 
wonders with that class, & Temperance is increasing 
among them. . . . 

Thurs^' [August] 6'". . . . We live, I believe infested 
with Incendiaries. On Mond'' night, & Tues^ morn^ there 
were two large fires in the eastern part of the city, last 
night a very serious fire in the rear of Pine S' w" has done 
much damage to merchandize. My old office has escaped 
the latter, but loses about $600 in the former. It is no 
time to leave a house alone to servants, or I sh*^ go to 
Bath on Sat^', but M"" S[ervoss] takes his turn to the 
Cove & returns on Monday A. M. . . . Your brother 
tells me that he has written to you, informing the sad 
news of the death of M"" Babcock ^ on his passage in 
the Talma, an irreparable loss to his family & very seri- 
ous one to y'' city of w*" he was so useful a member. His 
poor son at Flushing Marneys companion will be much 
afilicted, as also his sister M""' Palmer, who has been 
ret[urne]d a fortnight, of w'' I was ignorant, or sh** ere 
this have called to see her. . . . 

Monday, lO*'' Aug*. Yest^ the Rev. M"" Muhlenbergh 
called on me to express his extreme regret that Marney 
sh'' not return to complete his educ". He is so much 
attached to him, that on assigning the cause his fathers 
inability in consequence of giving up the Infirmary, that 
he offers to take him for one half, or 125 D^ as he con- 
siders Marneys good example beneficial to the scholars 
& worth the diminution. . . . 

Friday [August] 14*\ . . . Miss Duer is I believe 
well, with her sister M'^ Morris Robinson at Brooklyn. 
... I have just returned from the funeral of Miss Sli- 
dell, daughter of my friend John S. She died of con- 
sumption, had been lame for many years, was very pious 

* Benjamin Franklin Babcock, father of Benjamin Franklin Babcock, 
Jr., and brother of Mrs. William R. Palmer. N. Y. Observer, Aug. 8. 
1829; Stephen Babcock, Babcock Genealogy (1903). pp. 127, 215. 


& resigned, a great consolation to her parents & family. 
I have also, by request written a line of consolation to 
my old friend, Polly Coutant of N Rochelle, who is going 
the way of all flesh, of a dropsy in the chest & liver 
complaint. She is about my years. Except Aunt Patty, 
she is the last of all my N[ew] R[ochelle] friends. . . . 

N York, Monday 17''' Aug*, 1829. very cool 

. . . M"" Bayard & Aunt Patty ret[urne]d from 
Geneseo Friday p. m., left all well but M" Cornelia, who 
is in very miserable health. M' B. speaks in high terms 
of the Society & usefulness of his son, who w*^ however 
prefer Newark c*^ he receive a call. I know not the 
cause why his services there sh'' not be acceptable. I met 
James Hull in the Street yesf. He looks very thin as 
tho' he studied hard. He enters Senior at Hartford this 
year, & after taking his degree returns home to study 
Theology under his father.^ . . . 

Thurs^' [August] 20'". . . . Sister went to a camp 
meeting last week, with which she was not much pleased. 
She saw there AP* Croghan with her cousin Miss Van 
Ness. . . . 

Friday [August] 2P'. I was honoured yest-'' with a 

call by M[essr]s. Morse ^^ & Hull. The former takes 

his degree at Harvard next Wed^. He entered Senior & 

I am apt to imagine that Marney is better qualified for 

', that honour than M. This superficial hurried education 

1 is the bane of youth. Hull will do better, for he was a 

^ good classical Scholar when he left his father. He did 

; wrong not to have gone earlier to College, instead of 

; wasting time & money at Middletown. I cannot reflect 

; on that takein place with patience. Thomas [Servoss] 

'S 8 Rev. James F. Hull, of New Orleans. H. C. Duncan, The Diocese 

\ of Louisiana (1888), pp. 52-54. 

i' 10 Isaac Edward Morse (1809-1866). Biog. Directory of the Amer. 

' Cong., 1774-1927; Catalogues of Harvard Univ.; Dodge & Ellis, Nor- 

•• wich Univ., II, 182. 


is to go on trial to his Father on Monday. I have been 
urgent on this head, as I believe he will make an ex- 
cellent docile apprentice & will profit more under his 
Fathers eye & instructions than with a stranger. I am 
the more interested that he sh*^ do well, as it may fall to 
his lot to take his brothers by the hand. Thomas is a 
very good youth, totally free from vicious inclinations, 
& he will be kept regular & free from low associations, 
the bane of youth, by living at home. He is to begin 
his career by going down to the store in Nassau S* near 
Pine, before breakfast, sweep the counting room, & re- 
turn to breakfast, after w*" to attend to duty till 2, come 
home to dine, return & lock up at evening. His father 
will keep him employed & prepare him to keep his 
books, w*' as he writes a beautiful hand, he will soon 
be able to enter upon. . . . 

New York, Tues^ 25^^^ AugS 1829 

... On Saf as proposed, I visited Sister at Mus- 
quito Cove. Had a delightful passage in the Linnaeus 
St [earn] boat, stopping at Hallets Cove, Frog neck, & 
N Rochell landing, probably 60 passengers retreating 
from the city till Monday. The intercourse is greatly 
increasing with these several places, in consequence of 
the Steam boat. My feelings as you may well suppose 
were tenderly excited, as we entered the Creek & beheld 
poor Uncle Lewis' former abode. I had not the heart 
to step ashore. M"" Watts' House is converted into a 
fashionable boarding house. Sailing among the islands 
& Rocks, the scenes of my youth & recollection of all 
my departed friends called up sensations that depressed 
my poor weak spirits. We arrived at the Cove at 7 & 
found M' Udalls Wagon in waiting & reached his house 
at 8 where I had the happiness to find Sister well, the 
children all abed. . . . M"" Udall is a plain kind Friend, 
everything plenty, wholesome tho' plain, milk over- 


flowing & elegant butter, a fine milk house, with a con- 
stant stream flowing round the pans. The Farm is large 
& well stocked, the House in sight of the Sound. We 
rode out in the aft. noon & was shown the first Locust 
Tree ever planted in that country some 80 or 90 Years, 
tall & very large & thrifty. The whole place abounds 
with this valuable Timber, & M' U. has a most beautiful 
Locust Grove, one of Sisters walks, which looks over the 
surrounding Water & scenery. . . . 

Friday [August] 28'". I returned yest^ from Bath. 
. . . We attended a Bible meeting at N. Utrecht. Few 
but females, as usual, were present. As the inhabitants 
are building a very neat stone Church, not much can 
be expected this season. . . . Among the doings of the 
late Gen. Convention of the Episcopal Ch. at PhiP Bp. 
Brow [n] ell has been appointed to visit Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee &c. next winter, & to come home by the way of 
N[ew] 0[rleans]. I was quite intimately associated 
with the Bishop when our Th[eological] Seminary was 
at New Haven & hospitably treated by him, & M" B. 
He is a very affable friendly gentleman to whom I will 
give a letter of introduction to you. You will find him 
very pleasant & sociable. ... A beautiful edition of 
Wilberforce's Practical View, with an introductory essay 
of the Rev. Daniel Wilson, an eminently pious Divine 
in Eng*^ has just appeared. A copy shaU be sent to you. 
To the reading of this work, the Rev. M"" Richmond 
attributes his conversion, as appears in his Memoir. It 
is 30 years since I first perused. I shall again review it 
with ardour. 

Sat^ [August] 29'\ Rain may prevent M-- S[ervoss] 
visiting his family this day. I have written to Sister 
urging her early return. A remarkable cool summer will 
hasten cool morn^ & ev^ & expose the country to au- 
tumnal Chills. Indeed many emigrants are prudently 
returning for the City is healthier than the country even 
now. On my visit next week I shall endeavour to per- 
suade Mother to come home by the 10"" Sept' for I sh'' 


dread an attack of Fever, after her Spring visitation. 
Like myself she becomes more feeble. Bath air is per- 
ceptibly too keen for me. I am better at home than 
there. . . . 

Bath, New Utrecht, Tuesd^ 1 Sept^ 1829 

Of the fate of M' Saul Jun"" we had heard. The false 
honours paid to the remains of a Suicide are very in- 
judicious. Under the Old Law, before the Revolution, 
suicides were buried, to deter such acts, where 4 Roads 
met. I recolle[c]t such an instance, where the N. Y. 
House of Refuge is now situate ^^ & where an Inscrip- 
tion, beginning, Stop Traveller, set forth the name & 
particulars, & w'' all boys, as they passed, were made to 
read. To mitigate a too barbarous law, the friends of 
the suicide were allowed by connivance, to steal away 
the body from the Coroner for private interment. Not 
content with this lenity, Funerals have taken place & 
some of them pompous. The first instance of the latter 
in our city was M''^ M'^Kesson,^- a daughter of the un- 
fortunate Gen. Hull, who put a period to her existence 
by suspension, on the noon of the very day that she 
was preparing to give a party, contrary to her husbands 
wishes, whose circumstances, in some degree owing to 
her ambitious extravagance, began to become circum- 
scribed. Remonstrance induced it was supposed the 
fatal act. The respect shown, was reprobated. The 
circumstance of her death, brought an immense con- 
course of people to witness a parade, only due to distin- 
guished public worth. Other instances followed, without 
discretion on the part of family friends, who only, 
thereby, expose more widely the horrid crime of their 

" In Madison Square, near the junction of the old Bloomingdale and 
Eastern Post Roads. I. N. P. Stokes, Iconography of Manhattan Island, 
III, 954. 

12 Mrs. John McKesson (Sarah Hull), daughter of General William 
Hull, died in 1810. Commercial Advertiser, Feb. 27, 1810; iV. Y. Gazette, 
Feb. 28, 1810; Weygant, Hull Family in America, p. 493. 


unhappy relatives. I have more than once been inclined 
to lucubrate on a misguided subject, but was aware that 
the writer on being known w'' give exceptions to sur- 
viving friends. Such mistaken motives ought not how- 
ever prevent doing what is right. 

4 P. M. Bath H N. Utrecht, Friday 4th Sept^ 1829 

I arrived here at 12 o'clock, & to my great distress 
found y"" dear Mother attended by her physician & D"" 
Francis. My letter by mail yest^ 3*^ inst. informed you 
of her attack by Fever the preceding Tuesday & that 
after bleeding &c. she appeared so much better on Wed^ 
that she cheerfully consented to my going to town to 
attend the meeting of the Managers of the A[merican] 
B[ible] S[ociety] yest-^' P. M. w" I did. It seems that 
the Fever recurred very early yest^ morn^ & at her re- 
quest D"" F. was sent for who approved of her physicians 
treatment. After prescribing he returned to the city 
with injunctions not to inform me, for fear of undue 
alarm of his visit. He came again to day, & is to come 
again tomorrow A. M. He says the Fever is bilious, & 
frankly assures me that there is no danger. Blisters 
have been applied to her breast w^ I hope will draw 
favourable. . . , Inflamatory Rheumatisms prevail in 
the city, of w*" I have had a touch in my right foot a 
fortnight past, that occasionally recurs, but I am very 
prudent. The weather is absolutely cold. I have put 
on worsted stockings. This House is quite deserted, M" 
Onderdonck only remaining who probably goes home to- 
morrow. The transparent kind Irish lady M" Carvill 
went away this morn^. Ann our maid behaves very 
well, but is fatigued, being much disturbed last night. 
I hope to relieve her tonight. Tolerable rest will refresh 
her. D"" F. tells me that the Rev. M' Bruen is at the 
point of death with bilious fever. He was called in last 
ev^ too late, & thinks that M'" B. has been injudiciously 


treated. He attended as represent [ativje of the A[meri- 
can] B[ible] S[ociety] a meeting last week at N. London 
& Norwich, returned well, but on Sunday whilst in his 
pulpit, was taken ill & obliged to break off. The service 
was continued by some one else. He grew worse & prob- 
ably is now no more. . . . 

Bath House, N. Utrecht, Sunday Q'"" Sept. 29. [1829] 
9 A. M. 

. . . D'" Francis came at 6 p. m. & prescribed an 
opiate, w" was taken at 9. He says that there are no 
malignant symptoms, & that I need not make myself the 
least uneasy, that there is no necessity for any further 
visits, but Mother insisted on his coming out this morn^ 
w*" I hope will be the last as I believe he charges $10 
each visit, & this will make $50, a heavy tax on my 
weak purse, but will be cheerfully sustained to please 
poor mother, whose sole confidence rests on D"" F. , . . 
The Rev. IVP Bruen died last night, as F. says, by im- 
proper treatment. Tho' called in at 3 on Friday morn^ 
surrounded by Physicians they w'^ not hear to his advice, 
w*" they s*^ w*^ kill him & that he was doing well. On 
Friday p. m., F. said the case was desperate. . . . 

Monday [September] 7^''. A hard rain last ev^ has 
cleared off with a high cold n[orth] wester. The rain 
prevented Doctor Carpenters ev^ call. He was here at 
6 when I was asleep . . . He desired Ann to tell me 
that he considered the fever broken & Mother doing well. 
Francis may come out altho' I hardly expect him. He 
is to deliver the annual address to the Horticultural 
So[ciety] w'' I dare say will be a fine one. It was my 
intention, as a member, to have attended, not the splen- 
did dinner, with all w** I have done. . . . I/2 p. 10. 
Mother is regaling on mill pond Oysters, fresh out of 
the water, w*" relish exceedingly. ... % p. 12. A 
Miracle. Dear Sister has arrived with old Marney['s] 


Nurse & Richard, who has been pepperd off with the 
chicken pock. Thank God, this turn is well over. . . . 

Bath House, N. Utrecht, Thur^ 10**" Sept^ [1829] 

On my arrival I found Sister taking a ride & dear 
Mother sitting up for the first in an easy chair. . . . 

Friday IP". . . . The Doctors practice I trust ex- 
tends. May his success establish confidence in his mode 
of treatment. Prompt, decided, energetic measures can 
only, under Providence, counteract the dreadful Yellow 
fever. Hosack & Francis are more successful here, by 
their vigorous prescriptions. The former has retired to 
his farm, late D' Bards at Hyde Park, where he is laying 
out large sums in ornamental improvement, from 70 to 
100,000 D" it is said. He has great Taste & appears 
determined to exhibit it on a large scale, at the expense 
of his heirs. In the issue, it is so much thrown away 
for the gratification of vanity. We cannot, however 
ample our means, expect to rival the gentry & nobility 
of England, whose improvement & embellishments are 
the work of successive generations. In our countiy, we 
have at best only life estates. It is not often that they 
descend to children, & when sold, the highest cultivated 
farms seldom produce the first cost. D"" H[osack] how- 
ever got his money, by his marriage, easy. Except in 
his ostentatious style of living, he spends nothing for he 
is neither benevolent nor munificent, reluctantly & rarely 
giving to pious or charitable purposes. I once hoped 
better of him. Mere men of this world have nothing 
to spare, but let not judge. 

Francis came off with flying colours.^ ^ He had an 
audience of 1000 among them 600 ladies. The day was 
fine. The oppo[rtunity] of viewing the profusion of 

13 On Tuesday, Sept. 8, 1829, Dr. John W. Francis delivered an ad- 
dress in Niblo's Garden, before the New York Horticultural Society. 
It was printed in 1830 (Sabin's Dictionary, no. 25448.) 


Flowers & Fruits that decorated the splendid dinner 
tables, & the expectation, not disappointed, of a finished 
Discourse, were all objects of unusual attraction. I c*^ 
have wished to have been present. 

V2 p[ast] 4. Dear Mother walked half a doz. turns 
round her chamber shrouded in a blanket. This being a 
drizzly day I have employed my time delightfully & 
profitably in reading the Memoirs of D"" John Mason 
Good by Professor Olynthus Gregory. D"" G. was an 
eminent English physician. . . . This work I borrowed 
from D"" Francis, to whom it was a presentation copy 
from D"" Gregory. . . . D"" Goods practical maxim was 
akin to that of another eminent individual, the late D"" 
E. D. Clarke who said 'T have lived to know that the 
great secret of human happiness is this, not to suffer 
your energies to stagnate. The old adage of 'Too many 
irons in the fire,' is an abominable lie. You cannot have 
too many, poker, tongs & shovel, keep all going." Let 
Pintard enter this in his commonplace book, if he has 
one. He ought to have. D"" G. was eminent for com- 
monplacing, so was Gov"" Clinton. I have done some- 
what at it in my day. . . . 

Sat^ [September] 12*\ Mother rested well & is quite 
smart this day. I visited the Rev. M"" Beatty, at 10, 
who, by getting well & venturing out too soon, has been 
confined again with a pain in his bowels. I visited also 
the site of the old octagon, to me, beautiful in its sim- 
plicity, Dutch Church, w" has been demolished after 
standing 170 years, a monument of the piety of the early 
forefathers of N. Utrecht. Wherever the Dutch settled, 
they erected places of worship, numbers like that of this 
place, of an octagon form. I believe the only one ex- 
isting in this quarter, is at Jamaica. There is one also 
on Staten Island. Perhaps others in Jersey & at the 
north. Every thing is modernized, but the venerable 
structures of antiquity ought to be respected. I am 
pleading for the preservation of the Old Bell, imported 
from Holland, but I fear in vain, as a larger & louder 
seems to be wished. Since Clocks & Watches have be- 


come so common, the use of Bells is less required, & if 
distinctly heard as one approaches the Church, it is 
eno[ugh]. In country places the sound cannot extend 
far. Such are my pleas in favour of a Bell that has 
tolled 4 generations to their long home. The new Church 
is really beautiful & does credit to the zeal of the people. 
About i/o p. 5, the Steam Boat that plies to Long 
Branch, took fire just after leaving the Narrows, & was 
obliged to return to Staten Island. The fire, pouring out 
of the Cabbin Windows was distinctly seen from hence. 

Monday 14*^^ Sept^ 1829. Bath House 

Yest^ with every appearance of Rain, y"" sister, babe 
& nurse with M"" S[ervoss] returned home at 3I/2 P- ni. 
in M"" Browns Barouche, with a noble pair of horses. 
. . . M'^ Brinley, a delicate English lady, the last of 
the b[o]arders has just left us, called for by her hus- 
band. She has 2 sons for education & enquired my 
opinion about M'" Muhlenberghs Institute, in praise of 
w^ I told her from my experience as to Marney, I c*^ not 
speak too high. . . . 

Thur^ [September] 17'''. . . . Mother came over to 
Bath House, Tuesd^ 28"> July, & was attacked by Fever 
Tues^ P' inst from the direful effects of w^ she has I 
trust securely passed thro' the mercy of God, & the skill 
of her able physicians, D' Carpenter of this place & our 
D"" Francis, who tho' eccentric, is in my opinion now 
that D"" Hosack has relinquished practice, the most able 
physician in the city of N York. Francis however is 
growing more sedate. He is too much the life of literary 
comp[an]y to be under control, but he is temperate. 
Hyson Essence of Tea, 6 cups at a sitting is his beverage, 
w" must I sh*^ suppose eventually injure him. He 
says no. 


Wall S' Sat^ 19*'' Sept. Dear Sister & Pintard came 
to Bath at 11. . . . At 12 Mother came out of her cham- 
ber for the first time since Monday P' Sept^ She was 
very weak, & almost fainted stepping into the carriage. 
The day was very fine, & the exercise of riding & 
thoughts of returning alive, exhilerated her spirits & on 
arrival at 2 o'clock in Broome S* felt better than on 
leaving Bath House. , . . 

N York, Thur^ V Oct^ 1829. Quite cold 

Thurs^ 8'^ This is to go by the De Witt Clinton to 
sail this day. Madame Teuton of Terre au Boeuf goes 
passenger. Y"" brother waits on her to take leave. I am 
in hopes that he will get consignments the coming season 
from these sugar planters. M"" T. was on here this sea- 
son. There is also a Miss Carroll of y"" city who came 
here recommended to M"" S. She is about establishing a 
reading room in N. 0. I avoided an introduction. She 
is a Blue Stocking, & it is said a Freethinker. Her ac- 
quaintance with M" Wright, a professed Infidel, was 
disadvantageous to her. Do not cultivate an ac- 

. . . Our young friend W"" Bayard is with us for a 
day or so on his way home to Palmyra. He is a very fine 
young man, & begins to maintain himself by his prac- 
tise. Samuel is too erratic ever to succeed in the law. 
He is going to the Legislature of Ohio, probably, this 
winter. That may lead him to Congress w^ will dis- 
qualify him for his profession. He will make a promi- 
nent public speaker & is fond of politics. He is a par- 
tisan of Gen' Jackson. More to his personal benefit is 
the prospect of connecting himself with a young lady, 
whose Father is wealthy. William will now think of 
settling himself also. Y' little foster child at Princeton 
has recovered from extreme danger, but is mending. If 


too delicate to bear traveling, the whole Princeton fam- 
ily are to pass the winter with M" Bradford. Clary ^* 
is engaged to the Rev. M' Dodd, appointed a professor 
in Nassau Hall, $800 a year & a house. A good begin- 
ning. He is a young man of handsome talents & all is 
at length agreeable to her parents. I know not when 
she is to be married, probably when M"" D. gets settled. 
M'' Bayard I told you has rented his house w'' he prob- 
ably will sell for $11,000. He talks of hiring a new 
house, building near M"" Thompsons for next year. Aunt 
Patty will be relieved from large housekeeping & the 
Judge from attending to his beautiful farm, both which 
employments w*^ exactly suit Mother & me. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship De Witt Clinton 

New York, Saturday, 10"^ Oct^ 1829 

Should any misfortune betide their good father, the sup- 
port of y"" children may devolve on Pintard & JMarsden. 
I have the greatest confidence that both your sons will, 
in case of necessity which God avert, discharge their 
duty to their family. Anticipating therefore such an 
exigency, it may be best that Marsden like his brother 
sh*^ pursue a lucrative profession. My thoughts are 
drawn more to this subject, in consequence of the low 
state of my esteemed friend James Eastburn who is rap- 
idly wasting after a long tendency to diseased lungs & 
pulmonary. Unfortunate in business, he will leave his 
wife & 2 grown up daughters, entirely dependant on 
their brothers, the Rev. Manton Eastburn, & Edward 
preparing for the Ministry, both eminently endowed. 
The latter has been obliged to leave the Theol' Semi- 
nary, to act as assistant in Columbia College Grammar 

1* Caroline Smith Bayard, daughter of Samuel and Martha (Pintard) 
Bayard, married in 1830, Albert Baldwin Dod. T. C. Stockton, The 
Stockton Family of New Jersey (1911), p. 49; Dodd and Burnet. Geneal- 
ogies of the Male Descendants of Daniel Dodd (Newark, 1864) ; Dic- 
tionary of American Biography, V, 338-39. 


school, with the moderate salary of $800 a year in order 
to enable him to assist his family. Those circumstances 
afford relief to the departing Father & consolation to 
the Mother & Sisters. May a similar case not occur in 
my beloved daughters family. 

Tues^ [October] 13^^ Altho' comparatively little to 
do, my mornings thank God are completely occupied. 
The Brooklyn Ferry C, the Seamens Bank to attend 
this week daily from 12 to 1, Wed^ p. m. the Savings 
Bank & preparing business for it that devolve on me, 
& every aft.noon calling & passing a half hour with my 
departing friend Ja^ Eastburn, altogether keep me from 
idleness. . . . Thomas writes by this oppo[rtunity] who 
is very attentive & assiduous to the duties of his Fathers 
compting House. He will make a correct plodding mer- 
chant & if spared will grow rich. He has a superior 
example in his methodical Father, a man of honour & 
principles in his dealings & intelligent above his peers. 
I know no man to whom I w'' so soon send a son as ap- 
prentice. He is now winding up his last years transac- 
tions. Those with Franklin, not favourably. He has 
prospects of good business the coming season & his stand- 
ing & character for integrity & punctuality stands high 
in this City. Indeed he is a very fair & practical mer- 

Wed^ [October] 14*". Delightful day. I am doomed 
to be driven, altho it is needless to explain I can scarcely 
snatch time to pursue my letter to my beloved daughter, 
ere the hour arrives to attend the Seamans Bank. A 
plant of slow growth, it is hard to raise a saplin at the 
root of a vigorous full grown Tree. The Mother Bank, 
as I may call it is so well known, so long established & 
justly commanding so much confidence, as to render the 
rearing the Seamens Bank more difiicult, but patience 
& perseverance work wonders. It will ultimately suc- 
ceed. Sailors are a thoughtless, improvident set, it is 
difficult to allure them to make deposits & keep some- 
thing for a rainy day. Cap* Holmes is a most zealous 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1829 101 

Trustee, & induces most of the Seamen in his packets 
employ, to lay up part of their wages when paid off. 

Dear Mother begins to walk abroad. This day with 
Sister they intend going to Masonic Hall, to view the 
annual exhibition ^^ of American Arts & Manufactures, 
w*" it is said is to be very splendid. I shall call for them 
on my way home, after 1 o'clock & gratify my curiosity 

Thur^' [October] 15'". . . . The exhibition yest^ was 
superb. I c'' scarcely believe the evidence of my senses, 
as I beheld the progress of Arts & Manufactures, since 
my early life. Articles of taste & luxury vie with those 
imported. It was indeed a display. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Illinois 

New^ York, Friday 16'" Oct^, 1829 

Monday 19'". I was quite longing to hear from my 
beloved daughter when your letter of 22^^ Sep* with Mar- 
neys was rec''. . . . Poor Mrs Wederstrandt, what a sud- 
den death. You must indeed have been shocked. M"" 
W. will sensibly experience the loss of such a wife. Is 
John still at school. . . . 

Wed^ [October] 2P'. Last evening Sister gave a 
party. The Rev. AP Hull who was there informed me 
that he is to sail tomorrow in the Frances. I have con- 
cluded to conclude this letter to send by him. ... I 
mentioned in my last a young man, M"" Southmayd, who 
is going to N[ew] 0[rleans] on commercial pursuits. 
As an Episcopalian, & pious Xt° he will attach himself 
to M"" Hulls Church. He is a most ardent & zealous 
Sunday School instructor. & one of the most practical 
Superintendants of our city. If not shackled by High 
Church systems, he will make an eflScient assistant to 

15 The Fair of the American Institute. 


M' Hulls Sunday School. I shall give him a line of in- 
troduction to you. Perhaps you may find his sugges- 
tions useful to y' School, where I hope Marney will be- 
come a Teacher, & if he takes to it like Thomas, he will 
reap as much benefit from the Bible lessons as his Cousin 
did while attending under M' Southmayd the Ascension 
Sunday School to w*" I hope he may revert. ... I ex- 
perienced my privation of hearing yest^ having been in- 
vited to a meeting of some gentlemen in the evening to 
converse about a contemplated plan for organizing a 
general uniform system of English education for the U. 
States. The outline is plausible. We all speak the same 
language, & greater uniformity in instruction w*^ in my 
opinion be beneficial. . . . 

N York, Friday 23'^ Oct^ 1829 

... I mentioned Sisters party on Tues^ ev^. She 
had invited M" Fort & M" Clement but the indispo- 
sition of the latter prevented their coming. She intends 
asking them to take a friendly dish of tea. M' & M" 
CoUis of y"" city were present. . . . My friend M"' East- 
burn draws towards his end. I have not gone into his 
chamber since last Sunday, not to agitate him, nor my- 
self. I call daily, & shall probably announce his decease 
ere closing this. My loss will be great as I shall have 
no substitute for my endowed intellectual friend. With 
Eng*^ & English history & literature & characters in 
Church & State he was intimately acquainted. Our 
intercourse & conversations was mostly literary & re- 
ligious. His opinions coincided with the Christian Ob- 
server, w^ is my standard also, tho' too Evangelical & 
liberal for High Churchmen, whose orthodoxy is distin- 
guished by passive obedience & non resistance to eccle- 
siastical authority. We have lost the Rev. D"" Harris, the 
popular, with his students, president of Columbia Col- 
lege. Many are the Candidates for the vacancy, but 
aside of this world almost, I take no concern, & leave 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1829 103 

those to choose to whom the trust is confided. My alma 
mater Nassau Hall, in consequence of the multiplica- 
tion of Colleges had dechned but is looking up, perma- 
nently I hope. My attachment is strong to this seat 
of learning, where Marsden was to have gone had he 
prosecuted his studies. I sincerely hope that his decision 
may prove for the best, & that his conduct continues to 
please M'' Lea & esp^ his parents. . . . 

Monday [October] 26"^ 

By intelligence from N[ew] 0[rleans] the Spanish 
invasion of Mexico has come to a close. It is probable 
that the King of Spain after this weak effort to recover 
his Am[erican] dominions, will declare them independ- 
ent. The late expedition always appeared to me a 
finesse to save the point of honour, so as to give up the 
Colonies with a good grace, w" he ought to have done 
long ago, but Spain & its King are imbecile. 

On Sat^ ev^ at 9 o'clock my friend James Eastburn 
ceased to live. ... He is to [be] buried this afternoon. 
My loss is great, as was our intimacy. I can never ex- 
pect to replace his intellectual mind, nor enjoy such 
interchange of sentiments, on every subject, again. Tho' 
not a classical scholar, his knowledge in History, civil 
& ecclesiastical, was extensive, also in Belle Lettres. He 
belonged to the Evangelical school, was a pious & en- 
lightened & liberal Christian. . . . 

Tuesday [October] 27'''. I attended as Pallbearer 
the funeral of my late friend M"" Eastburn, who was 
interred in the cemetery of S* Marks. The aftnoon was 
drizzly & suited to my solemn melancholy feelings. Serv- 
ice was performed at the grave by the Rev. D"" Milnor 
in his usual impressive manner. M"" E. came from Eng- 
land to this city in 1802, first as connected with the 
Woolen trade in w*" he was unsuccessful. He next be- 
came a Bookseller on a more extensive scale than had 
ever been attempted in this city, for which his general 
knowledge eminently qualified him. His republication 
of the Edinburgh & Quarterly Reviews, still continued 


in Boston, elevated the standard of reading & intellect 
in the U States. His importation of the most valuable 
& rare works, as well from the continent of Europe as 
England has enriched the public libraries of our country. 
His reading, altho not a classical scholar, was very gen- 
eral, & he had the happy faculty of calling up & applying 
the stores of his fertile mind. Conversant from his early 
years with the Holy Scriptures, he could cite texts, never 
lightly, on all subjects. He was extens[iv]ely ac- 
quainted with & well informed in Divinity, and Minis- 
ters might have profited by the resources of his ready 
mind. He was a pious & liberal Christian & brought 
all his opinions to the test of Scripture. He was of the 
Evangelical School, and c'' discuss or sustain an argu- 
ment as clearly & satisfactorily as a Divine. He was 
an elegant Belle lettres scholar, wrote chastely, & was 
intimately acquainted with English history civil & eccle- 
siastical, & with public characters in Church & State. 
As a foreigner he did not intermeddle with the party 
politics of his adopted country, but in the walks of 
benevolence he was zealous & useful. He was an ardent 
& active supporter of Sunday Schools now so universally 
adopted, at a period when their utility was but little 
understood in this city, on the ground that education 
was more universal & less necessary among the lower 
classes than in England, an ascertion unwaranted by 
facts. He was among the early founders of our Savings 
Bank, in w*" his knowledge & active services were emi- 
nently useful at a time when that institution, now so 
happily successful, was of doubtful issue. My long in- 
tercourse with him was most free & friendly, & nothing 
ever occurred in the interchange of opinions, to chagrin 
or interrupt our mutual friendship. We argued for 
Truth, not for victory. Such was James Eastburn, and 
this just tho' imperfect hasty sketch of his character 
is due to the merits of my esteemed deceased friend. I 
ne'er shall look upon [his] like again. 

Wed^ 28*^ Oct. This is my preparation Week for 
Sacrament at S* Thomas' next Sunday, when I hope dear 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1829 105 

Mother will accompany me. I regret exceedingly not 
having taken a pew last May in M"" Eastburns Church. 
I cannot cordially associate with M"" Upfold, he is below 
mediocrity. His chief merit consists in being the de- 
voted servant of his Bishop. Of course a free inter- 
change of opinions c'' not take place between us. On 
the contrary, the Rev. M"" Eastburn tho' young stands at 
the very head of all our Episcopal Clergy for learning 
& piety. My intimacy with his father w*^ render inter- 
course with him easy & delightful. I hope yet to change 
my position. Mother went with me, for the first time, 
to Ascension last Sunday p. m. She was much pleased 
with the Church, esp'' with the Chaunts & singing. If 
M"" Servoss will take my pew off my hands, a change 
w*^ be very easy, altho I sh'^ not like to sever Mother & 
daughter, the only possible difficulty. 

[Addressed by Ship] Tennessee 

[By Ship] Louisiana 

N York, Thur^ 5'^ Nov., 1829 

My last of 2'' inst was by the Tennessee. A melan- 
choly accident occurred yest-^' the intelligence of w*" will 
reach you before this letter. M"" Milligan of your city, 
rode down to Jones' wharf, where you embarked last 
year, with his wife, child & servant to go on bd the 
Salem for N[ew] 0[rleans]. The coach on turning by 
some accident ran off the pier, M"" jNI child & sei'vant 
were rescued. M'^ M. was unhappily drowned, with the 
coach horses. She was daughter of M' Urquhart. This 
catastrophe has interested every one who has heard. . . . 
Tomorrow^ my engagements permitting, I am going with 
y"" brother to see jNIattawan establishment. We expect to 
return please God & be at home IMonday ev'. The ob- 
ject is to see whether this short excursion may not ben- 
efit my appetite, w*" has so declined, that I have lost 


all inclination for animal food, & live almost entirely 
on fluids. . . . 

Tuesday [November] 10*". As proposed we left this 
city in the Albany steamboat, at 7 a. m. & arrived at 
Newburgh 12yo o'clock after a very rapid & pleasant 
passage. My friend M"" Furman with his g'^son Treat 
Irving a fine youth, accompanied us. At the landing 
we took our luncheon, indeed dinner, on stewed & fried 
oysters, at 3/ a head, after which we crossed over to 
Fishkill landing, & took our quarters at M' Lamsons 
Inn, next door to M" Wilseys, declining to part company 
with M"" Furman. We w*^ not trouble any of our friends, 
to their disappointment as they kindly expressed it, and 
to mine. Our accommodations were very comfortable & 
clean. We walked up to the Factory, & thro' the at- 
tention of M"" Leonard were shown every department of 
this wonderful establishment. The power looms ex- 
ceed the powers of my description, indeed comprehen- 
sion. The perfect order & propriety that prevail 
throughout, far exceeded my expectation. We staid until 
too late to call on the Tellers. Saturday, unfortunately 
it rained, but we went in a carriage, to survey more leis- 
urely all the Cotton Factory, after which we proceeded 
3 miles further to the Woollen Factory at Glenham, 
the machinery & operations of which were more aston- 
ishing than those below. One w'^ suppose that human 
ingenuity had reached its bounds, but new improve- 
ments are daily making. The power looms all go by 
water, the females attend them to connect broken 
threads & to see the shuttles fly thro' c[l]oths of 1 yard 
& 3 quarters wide without the aid of hands appears like 
magic. We visited a well conducted school of children 
below 10 years belonging to the working families, re- 
ceiving excellent education, & were shown specimens of 
writing & arithmetic that w*^ do credit to our public 
schools. The sight to me, was most interesting of all 
that I saw. Besides this they have Sunday Schools for 
the young persons male & female attached to the Fac- 
tory. We paid our respects to M"" Abraham Schenck, 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1829 107 

principal of these works who has been long confined to 
his house by Rheumatism. By 2 o'clock, it began to rain 
hard, we returned to our excellent quarters, made one 
meal of dinner & coffee at 5, & chatted over what we 
had seen at our comfortable fireside. In the ev^ M' 
S[ervoss] & myself passed an hour at Marsdens old 
quarters, M'^ Wilsey's. I do not wonder that he was 
delighted with Fishkill landing. On Sunday morn^ we 
went to Church, sat with M" Wilsey. After returning 
home with the ladies IM"" W. sent his carriage when we 
paid our respects to the Lady of the Manor M" Schenck, 
superbly situated, called on M" Leonard & then on 
the kindhearted Tellers who regretted, no doubt sin- 
cerely, that we had not staid with them. We returned 
to dinner, settled our moderate Bill, crossed the Ferry 
in a small steam Ferry boat, embarked in the new Phila- 
delphia Steam Ship, 20 minutes past 5, & arrived 20 m. 
past 10 at the Wharf in N York & reached home at 
11 o'clock, before all the domestics had retired to rest. 
All went off propitiously except a stumble on my part on 
board the Boat. I fell, encumbered with my clothes, rec** 
a contusion of the frontal of my left eye, but thank God 
without dangerous consequences. . . . 

Monday [November] IQ^^ . . . Thomas always de- 
sires his kind love. He is a zealous & will soon become 
an efficient Teacher. He began to attend last evening 
a course of Lectures preached by different ministers on 
Sunday evenings in D' Mathews ^^ Church, Exchange S* 
to the merchants clerks & apprentices in this city. The 
Church filled in every part. The Rev'' M"" Eastburn 
commences a weekly course of Bible instruction. The 
young men at his house on Tuesd^ ev^, the young ladies 
in his Church on Wed^ 12 o'clock. The Sunday School 
teachers meet for improvement & preparation of their 
instructions every Friday ev^ at each others houses. Last 
Friday was Thomas' turn. They meet at 7 adjourn be- 

1^ James M. Mathews, pastor of the South Dutch Church on Ex- 
change Place (formerly Garden Street). 


tween 9 & 10. So that he has excellent oppo[rtunity] 
for religious instruction w" he assiduously improves. A 
Church was opened yest^ upper end of Chatham S* for 
the exclusive benefit of mechanics apprentices & jour- 
neymen. So that there is much good doing in our city. 
The Devils Agents are also actively employed, But 
please God their efforts will evaporate. They may de- 
lude thoughtless youth & hardened old sinners. But 
Truth will prevail. I went yest^ to the chapel of our 
Episcopal Seminary to attend Professor Wilson's ma- 
triculation Sermon. I c*^ not hear but being invited I 
though it a compliment due to Doctor Wilson. I wish 
others would think so. There were only 2 Trustees pres- 
ent. . . . 

New York, Thur^ ig**- Nov.. 1829 

Dear Sister is engaged with her window curtains w** 
were not displayed all last winter owing to her confine- 
ment & nursing. We lived quite in the Quaker style, & 
began to like it. How much trouble the female Friends 
are spared by their simplicity in dress & furniture. As 
all are alike in these respects, there is no singularity 
nor competition in vanity or costly display. Their at- 
tire is of the best materials according to their circum- 
stances, & their table, not over loaded with dishes w*^ 
gratify an epicure, every thing choice & well dressed. 
I have partaken of their hospitality & speak experimen- 
tally. Were the sacraments of Baptism & the Lords 
supper administered by them, I c** be almost persuaded 
to become a Quaker. I love their simplicity & above 
all their active benevolence. They live closer to their 
rules than any other denomination of Xt^ w^ excuses 
their singularities. . . . 

Tuesday [November] 24*''. Your melanchoUy tidings 
of the death of y^ inestimable friend Judge Smith ^^ I 

I'^John Witherspoon Smith, son of Samuel Stanhope Smith and 
husband of Sarah Henrietta Duer. For names of his children, see 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1829 109 

rec'^ in time to peruse & inclose it as you desired to his 
Sister Aunt Betsey. ... I did not wish that M" P[in- 
tard] & M" Solomon sh'^ receive this distressing intelli- 
gence, in the first instance, thro' the newspapers. . . . 
Poor dear M""^ Smith, what a family of daughters to look 
up to her alone. . . . That Judge Smith died the death 
of a Christian, beloved by his family & near friends, re- 
spected & esteemed by his acquaintance, is a consolation 
to his surviving partner & children. Sweet Miss Frances 
is before my eyes. . . . 

Sat^ [November] 28"". Notwithstanding the muddy 
streets I ran about to collect what is intended to be 
packed in a neat box w^ I got made up with some diffi- 
culty, & w*" if carefully opened may serve Larney, for 
his Tools &c. The chief contents are Uncles choice of 
dresses for you all w*" I trust will please, 6 p^ shoes for 
mother. ... I send Books for the Doctor <fe Lawyer. 
Thomas, out of his own money has put up a S^ Claas 
box for the little ones of his own choosing w*" he thinks 
will please. For y"" self I have sent Stanfords Essays on 
Old Age, which pleases & instructs me. The Rev D' 
Stanford is an aged Baptist minister 79 years, languish- 
ing on the bed of sickness. He has been for many years, 
employed by our Corporation as Minister for the Alms 
House, Penetentiary (fee". His useful services gained 
him universal esteem. Many oppo[rtunitie]s of inter- 
course have led me to know his value. This Book is 
almost a voice from the Tomb, the result of a long life 
of observation & experience. The visit of ]\I" Sander- 
son to the widow Lea, you will find, tho' not as to ad- 
vanced years, applicable to your distressed friend M" 
Smith. With the Mourner Comforter this Vol. will 
make a useful work of reference, to enable you, my be- 
loved daughter, to administer spiritual consolation to 
your sick & bereaved friends, affording you subjects for 
reflection & application. Thomas has taken some pains 

Elizabeth Clarkson Jay's "The Descendants of James Alexander," in 
N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Record (1881), XII, 26. 


to inscribe the little books for the children. He takes 
g* interest in you all, & does with pleasure anything that 
may please. He is an excellent grateful youth. His 
duties are active. Every morn^ he goes down to the 
store a mile & a quarter, makes the fire. If bad weather 
takes an early breakfast, if good returns home & back 
again. He goes without dinner, except an apple & crack- 
ers, sweeps out the counting room, puts out the Fire & 
candles, locks up & takes dinner & tea after 6. Every 
afternoon from 2 to 4 he attends a writing master. His 
30 lessons for $10 terminate in a fortnight. These are 
his daily labours. Sunday I/2 P- 9, he attends the Ascen- 
sion Sunday School & Church, y^ p. 1, the same, & fre- 
quently goes without dinner if we are belated. In the 
ev^ at 7 he attends the course of sermons to young 
men in the Garden S' Church. Monday ev^ he pre- 
pares for the Rev. M' Eastburns Bible Class on Tuesday 
ev^. Wed^ ev^ attends M"" Eastburns Lecture in Church, 
Thurs'' ev^ prepares for the meeting of the Sunday 
School Teachers on Friday ev^ to perfect themselves in 
their instructions to their pupils. He takes an earnest 
interest in all these labours & duties, w** I cherish as 
it may be the only oppo[rtunity] in my life to sow the 
seeds of Xt° piety & usefulness. He will I trust, have 
reason, if his life is spared to recall my memory with 
thankfulness. Among the few tracts sent are one or 
two on the rite of confirmation w^ please God, Bp. 
Brow [n] ell will administer in M' Hulls Church some 
time the last of Dec^ ... I had gone to Fishkill when 
Bp. Brownell was here on his departure westward ^^ or 
I sh** have given him a friendly line to you. Sh'' it be 
agreeable & convenient to show any attention to this 
Divine & his travell^ companion the Rev. M"" Richmond, 
a Widower I will esteem it a favour. . . . 

12 o'clock. I have just rec*^ a letter from M"" Bayard, 
saying that mine to Aunt Betsey had safely reached 

18 "Bishop Thomas C. Brownell's Journal of His Missionary Tours, 
1829 and 1834" is printed in Historical Magazine of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, (Dec, 1938), vol. 7, pp. [3031-322. 


her. He sets off with Aunt Patty next week from Bur- 
lington on their way to Virginia to pass the winter with 
Julia [Washington]. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Talma 

New York, Tuesd^ V Dec^ 1829. 11 o'clock 

Monday [December] 7'^ 

Marsden will be pleased to hear that an Auxiliary Bible 
So[ciety] has been organized in the Flushing Institute 
& was recognised at the last meeting of the Managers. 
M"" Muhlenbergh deserves every praise & is meeting with 
great encouragement. . . . 

Wed'' [December] O*"". The Presidents message 
reached this city in 16 hours after leaving Washington 
yest^ 12 o'clock, most rapid despatch, & is now, 10 
o'clock, in circulation. It is said that by the General 
Post Office arrangement it will arrive at N. Orleans in 
6 days. A shorter time than ever heretofore. This a 
winters day, rain & snow. 

Thur'' [December] 10'''. The president has thrown 
an apple of discord into our monied market, by recom- 
mending a National Bank on the expiration in 1837 of 
the Charter of the existing U. S. Bank. He has taken 
unwarantable ground in expressing an opinion the ex- 
ercise of w'' cannot fall to his lot, & thus prejudging a 
question fraught with, at best, great difficulties. The 
instant effect in this city was to depreciate the value 
of the U. S. B'^ Stock 5 to Oi/o pr. c*. A National Bank, 
w*^ become a political engine subject to the control of 
every successive administration, & w^ become a curse 
instead of a blessing. The country never can submit 
to such a measure. Other parts of his long talk are 
speculative & objectionable. But to these subjects I 
give only a passing review;, & leave to politicians the 


field of censure or of praise, looking forward to a better 
world, where all is perfection. Judge Duer was yest'' 
appointed president of Columbia College, an honourable 
& lucrative station. Salary $2600 & perquisites 100 
about $2700 a year, & one of the finest residences in 
this city. His talents are of the highest order & no 
doubt he will make a useful ofiicer. The station is for 
life, not subject to fluctuations of parties. The event 
will be highly gratifying to his sisters. The rival can- 
didate was the Rev*^ M'^Vickar, professor of Rhetoric & 
Belle lettres, an elegant writer, but unpopular both with 
the students & public, not possessing the suaviter in 
modo, otherwise he w*^ undoubtedly been elected, the 
Bishop & all his party adhering to him. 

Friday [December] 11'". The Illinois is looked for 
& may arrive ere closing this. On Wed^ M"" G. Abeel 
buried his son Theodore, who died of consumption, after 
having completed his education at Brunswic College. 
He was a fine scholar & very amiable, a severe loss to 
his parents being the first mortality among their chil- 
dren. M" Abeel is suffering with the gravel, w*" adds 
to her affliction. She finds comfort in religion having 
long been a member of the Dutch Church. What a 
consolation when sickness & death assail us. My duty 
at the Savings Bank, at the same hour, where my pres- 
ence was indispensible, prevented my attending the 
Funeral. The weather moreover was wet & inclement to 
stand at the grave yard. Richard Harison, Esq. was 
buried at 12 the same day aged 81 years. He was the 
patriarch of the Bar of this city, & the oldest counseller 
in the State, but thro' age & infirmities had retired 
from practice. The Madame was his godmother whom 
he always mentioned with respect. He was eminent in 
his profession. ... (12 o'clock) I have just paid $7. for 
the Spectator to this date, & have stopped it, presuming 
that you get every important intelligence from N Y^ 
in y"" own papers. I declare that my dollars begin to 
fall short of my actual wants. 

Sat^ [December] 12*\ . . . Sister was at M""" Irvings 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1829 113 

snug party of about 100 last cv'-'. M" Laight is said to 
have circulated 600 invitations. The rooms were so 
crammed that there was no space to move. Ridiculous 
to invite more than can be comfortably accommodated, 
for the vanity of boasting of an excess of company. 
Give me the olden times when Assemblies were in vogue 
to attract dancing parties, & when no fashionable par- 
ties as at present existed. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship:] Kentucky 

New York, Friday, 18'" Dec, 1829 

Saturday [December] 19"'. With every appearance 
of a snow storm last ev^ & it did sprinkle, our unusually 
variable weather has cleared off. The walking is muddy, 
& one often wonders where all the dirt can come from, 
for we have no country intercourse of Teams like Phil^ 
to bring it in. All our country trade, except a few 
market carts, is by water & the contents of one of our 
N[orth] River large sloops w'^ occupy all Market S* in 
Phil* with wagons. . . . 

Monday [December] 2P*. ... I mentioned in my 
last, that M"" Abeel had lost a fine son Edw'^ ^^ who died 
of pulmonary, a promising youth who had just com- 
pleted his education. This is the first loss of a child in 
his family. The incident made a strong impression on 
the father, and distressing to say, this morn^ in a de- 
lirium, he precipated himself from the window of the 
2*^ story, into the area & dashed his brains out. . . . 

Tues*' [December] 22^ . . . Sister called on IM" 
Dunscomb, where she learnt the following particulars. 
M"" A[beel] since the death of his son & the probable 
decline of another by the same complaint (pulmonary) 

I*' Sic for Theodore, son of Garret B. Abeel, and brother of Mrs. 
Edward Dunscomb. 


had been very melancholy & depressed in spirits. He 
visited his daughter M" D. on Sunday aft.noon & ob- 
served that he should come to want & directed M"" D. 
his partner to draw a check for $500 in favour of the 
nurse who attends M" Abeel, to secure payment, prob- 
ably, of so much in his hands for her. 

Before closing I have just been informed that M' 
Abeel who had a large Iron Manufactory had been un- 
successful the last year & lost $60,000, w*" altho' serious 
& a very large sum, he was still worth a fortune. 

Wed^ [December] 23'^. A superb day, favourable 
for the consecration of the new Episcopal Church in 
Hartford, by Bp. Hobart in the absence of Bp. Brownell. 
This Church is said to be the handsomest specimen of 
the Gothic in the U States cost $50,000. Mother 
pas[s]ed yest^ with M" Abeel. Sister called in the 
morn^ returned to dinner, & went back to attend Mother 
home. The Funeral was very respectably attended. No 
scarves, not even for the clergymen w" was wrong. The 
sad catastrophe was no doubt owing to derangement by 
a Fever in the brain. M'' Abeel had for a year or more 
been afilicted with a tendency of blood to the head. He 
had been depleted & cup, but the malady increased lat- 
terly to an alarming degree & excited probably by his 
losses & other circumstances, eventually terminated in 
the dreadful event that ensued. M" A. is an excellent 
lady & is sustained by her Christian resources & resig- 

Thurs^ [December] 24*''. Rain, but hope for fair day 
tomorrow. The annual ship from Amsterdam, Alder 
lievest Vrow (best beloved wife) with S* Class & his 
presents for good children has arrived off the Hook & 
a Steamboat is sent down to tow her up, so as to prevent 
any disappointment to night. . . . After a great deal of 
contemptuous mockery, by our High Church folks, of 
the sewing charitable benevolent females of other de- 
nominations, a Female Sewing So[ciety] is about being 
formed in S* Thomas' Church, to which y' dear Sister 


will contribute & aid, as she will be useful in cutting 
out. My Bishop, who is behind the age, must accomo- 
date to the times, altho' reluctantly. Sunday Schools 
& all, we have always been at the rear. Passing thro' 
Ann S* I went into the Rom. Catholic Christ Church, 
where I found several pews of boys, as scholars w*" de- 
lighted me. I have heretofore mentioned the interest I 
have taken on this subject, & am spared to see the issue 
of my repeated efforts with my R. Catholic friends to 
educate their hosts of poor children, only opposed by 

Sat^ 26**^ Dec^ S* Class has at length gone by, with 
more than usual joy & exultation for all his gifts w*" as 
usual surpassed expectation. ... As accustomed the 
Sacrament is administered on this Festival in all our 
Churches. Mother & family at S' Thomas, myself at 
S* Esprit. This seperation is painful, but I cannot ab- 
sent myself from my little Church on Sacrament occa- 
sions, the number of our Communicants being so small. 
. . . Another catastrophe occurred. M"" Lansing of Al- 
bany (late Chancelor) left the City Hotel, about a fort- 
night past, probably to put a letter on b*^ the ev^ Steam- 
boat, for Albany. He has not since been heard of. The 
presumption is that he fell into the Dock & has been 
drowned. The notice in the papers says that he never 
was afflicted with mental aberration. He was a very 
genteel fine looking man, about 77, & of one our best 
Dutch families. . . . 

Tuesday [December] 29^\ . . . Last ev^ M'" Schenck 
& Sister & Doctor & M" [Bartow] White of Fishkill, 
M"" S[chenck]'s youngest sister took an old fashioned 
dish of tea with us, the first social call of the kind that 
I have witnessed in years. M" White has had 13 chil- 
dren, 9 daughters & 1 son living. . . . The Rev. D"" 
[John M.] Mason, perhaps the most eminent Divine, 
in his prime, died on Sunday aged 60, & is to be buried 
this p. m. I fear the weather will be too unfavourable 
for me to attend. I was once intimate with him. We 


have also lost the last of the old race of a once distin- 
guished family, M"" John Delancy, aged 86, a cousin of 
the late Cap [tain] Delancey at Maroneck, who you 
knew. Thus our old stock of citizens [is] departing & 
I shall soon follow. 

[Addressed by Ship:] Illinois 


To Mrs. Richard Davidson {Eliza Noel Pintard) 
of Neio Orleans 

New York, 2^ January, 1830 

. . . Yesf was a most brilliant mild day, the finest 
that I recollect for many years. The streets were 
thronged with gentlemen going their annual rounds. We 
had our share in Broome S* & Sisters dish of superior, 
well made Java Coffee, was preferred to every usual 
New Year's dram that was exhibited. I felt its ex- 
hilirating effect, after my return home, almost ex- 
hausted. Our city grows so extensive & friends so scat- 
tered that a pedestrian has enough to do to pay his 
compliments. I was 3 hours in the discharge of a duty, 
once so agreeable but now becoming, except to a very 
few, extremely irksome. The fineness of the day induced 
me to extend my circuit. Of the multitudes saluted, I 
remarked only 2 companions of my early life, Doctor 
Rodgers & Gen. Morton, my chums at Nassau Hall. . . . 
This day. Aunt Helen & family, your cousin Mary 
Brasher & her kind hearted brother M"" Weeks are to 
dine with us. . . . 

Monday, [January] 4*". Before attending the meet- 
ing of the Trustees of the Sailors Snug Harbour, prob- 
ably for the last time, it is intimated to me that, as the 
appointment of a Clerk, is annual, that I shall not be 
reelected, on the pretext of incapacity, from my deaf- 
ness. There is some ground for the objection. Whether 
to decline or take my chance, depends on the advice of 
Recorder Riker, who has always been my friend. Indeed 
I have no foe but one & he is a mortal one whose name 
I may mention tomorrow, & whose mandate to resign 
last July, I did not choose to obey. . . . 

Tuesd'' [January] 5*^. Thro' the mercy of God, w*" 



with gratitude I acknowledge, I was unanimously re- 
eleCcDted Clerk for the ensuing year. The person from 
whom I expected oppcoslition (M"" Lenox) made none. 
The Salary $200 the' small, adds [to: my comfort. It 
is less an object than honourable occupation [which is] 
essential to keep my life from stagnating ... I may at 
some future day give some account of my connection 
with this charitable Institution, now in jeopardy in con- 
sequence of a suit brought against the Trustees by the 
heirs of old Cap* Randall, Bp. Inglis of Nova Scotia & 
others, to invalidate the will of Rob* Randall who be- 
qeathed his place at the head of Broadway to be called 
the Sailors' Snug Harbour, for the benefit of super- 
annuated Seamen. As righteous a bequest as ever was 
made, & w^ may be set aside, thro' legal technacalities 
by the Supreme Court of the U. S. The decision of the 
Judges may be hourly expected. 

Monday [January] 11"". ... I am not much at 
leisure this day, having to perform a tour of attend- 
ance this week from 12 to 1, at the Seamans Saving 
Bank. I am likewise engaged to be present at the 
op[en]ing of the new Dispensary at the same hour, & 
shall only c[a3ll at the Bank to enter my appearance w" 
can be dis[pen]sed with, as two Trustees attend & we 
have but little [to] do. It is difficult for an acorn to 
sprout & grow at the foot [of a flou]rishing Oak. . , . 

Tuesday 12*^ Jan^ . . . Yest^ at 1/2 p. 12 I went to 
the Dispensary. The meeting was fully attended, esp^ 
by the kind benevolent Sisters of Charity of this city, 
who are numerous & take a lively concern in all our 
humane benevolent institutions. After the Report, the 
Rev. M"" Schroeder gave a very elegant & pathetic ad- 
dress, as I was informed for I c*^ not hear. . . . 

Wed^ 13*^ Jan^. Seamans Saving Bank. 12 o'clock. 
I am actually, at present obliged, not to let a single mo- 
ment be lost. I have until coming here been all the 
morn^ engaged in preparing the Report of the Funding 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 119 

Com^ of the old Savings Bk. to be presented at the 
meeting of the Trustees this afternoon. Such is the in- 
flux of Deposits together with the quarter of interest 
on stocks rec*^ P* inst. that the bal[anc]e in the Me- 
chanic Bk. in our favour exceeds $160,000. Too much, 
but the high premiums exacted, in consequence of the 
overflow of the monied market, have prevented favour- 
able investments, & we must apply to our Legislature 
to extend our restricted powers. In all associations there 
must be necessarily a few to do all the business & of 
these few, one or two to prepare every thing for report- 
ing. It has fallen on me as not the most idle but pos- 
sibly the most zealous Trustee, to draft the monthly 
Reports of the Funding Com. now lOiA years. I do it, 
from long practice, intelligently & with pleasure, but 
sometimes I am placed between the upper & nether mill- 
stone. . , . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Tennessee 

[By ship] Ix)uisiana 

N York, Tues^ 19^" Jan^ 1830 

. . . This aft.noon I have to attend a Committee of 
the Savings Bank on the subject of application to the 
Legislature to extend our powers of investment, now 
too limited in consequence of the increase of our De- 
positors, & the high price of the few stocks in market, 
owing to the superabundance of unemployed capital 
these dull times. The result I will mention hereafter. 
Never did any monied Institution flourish more success- 
fully, nor produce greater benefit to the humbler classes 
of Society than the Savings Bk. . . . 

Friday [January] 22*^. ... On Wed^ ev^ w*" proved 
fair after a prospect of snow the young folks of our fam- 
ily, Mother, M^ & M'^ S[ervoss] & Thomas left home 
at Vo past 8 to attend M" Schencks party. Only 2 ladies 


had arrived before them & several did not come till 
10 o'clock. The party was most splendid, all the first 
floor for the dancers, Waltz, the fashion again & the 
Tables for refreshments occupying 3 rooms of the 2'^ 
floor. Everything in the highest style & excellence, the 
rooms lit up as light as day. Excepting the brilliancy 
of dresses, I know nothing more. Your sister says that 
the young ladies were very handsome & Mother thought 
that Miss Fleming daughter of the Cashier ^ of the 
Mechanic Bk. was the handsomest in the room. M"" F. is 
a cousin of y*" brother. . . . 

Monday 24*'" [sic for Januaiy 25*'"]. The Talma ar- 
rived yest^ as did the John Linton that sailed before 
her. The weather yest^ was extremely cold. As the 
latter ship lay at anchor on the bar, 3 passengers got 
into the yawl of the Pilot Boat to come up with her. 
The wind being very high, the yawl filled, & 2 
passengers M*" Townsend & M"" Scott with the pilots 
apprentice were drowned. Hard fate. It was fortunate, 
probably, that M"" Palmer was on board the Talma, or 
in his solicitude to see his delicate wife, he might have 
been tempted to have gone into the yawl & to have 
also perished. . . . 

Friday [January] 29*''. My letter is terribly behind 
hand. Our weather continues very cold, too cold for 
snow, of which the atmosphere is full. . . . Our young 
neighbour Miss Schermerhorn, a very pretty lady, was 
married on Tuesday even, to a M"" Gibert, a young 
gente[e]l modest Frenchman, the only son of a French 
lady in comfortable circumstances. . . . M''^ Jones the 
mother of M" Governor Clinton was buried last Mon- 
day in S* Thomas Ch. Yard aged 85. She was active for 
her years & had been a widow for many years. Her hus- 
band was brother to M"" Evan Jones formerly of y"" city 
whose family still resides in y' quarter. The literati, 
indeed illiterati also of our city have been warmly en- 

1 John Fleming. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 121 

gaged in a project establishing a University - for ex- 
tending the benefit of education beyond what is required 
for the learned professions, to take in all branches of 
modern improvements. The plan is so very plausible, 
as to induce the Trustees of Columbia College to adopt 
it. Not believing myself that the city is competent to 
support two Colleges, & reluctant that the oldest w" has 
struggled for a large part of a century sh^ be crippled 
by a rival Institution, I give my opinion if of any worth, 
in preference to Columbia. Much has been made of its 
being an Episcopal College, but without just cause for 
certainly it was not a proselyting college, nor do I be- 
lieve that any of our numerous colleges are. Probably 
objections, possibly founded, have arisen ag^ the influ- 
ence of Bp. Hobart, w" undoubtedly has been great. 
However, the election of jVP Duer to the presidency 
was carried ag' all his influence, a favourable circum- 
stance at this juncture, as this gent" not coming in under 
the Bp's wing, prove that his influence was not so over- 
whelming as to carry all before it. Our Bishops High 
Church dogmas & exclusion of all validity in the ordina- 
tion of ministers of other denominations render him 
very obnoxious in this more liberal to all except that 
party in our church who chime in with his politics. I 
cannot, & am therefore out of his pale, altho' I am no 
ways obtrusive with my private opinions. Yet I cannot 
look back on the Church of my Forefathers without ven- 
eration & respect. It is time for bigotry to cease. 

Ne\v York. Thurs'' 4"^ Feb\ 1830 

Monday S^^. Most elegant sleighing, after a fall of 
snow last ev^ & night. Yest^ was a bitter cold day, too 
cold for dear mother to accompany us to partake of the 
Sacrament at S* Thomas', w^ considering the extremity 

2 Cf. Chapter I of Neiv York University 1S32-1932, edited by Theo- 
dore Francis Jones (N. Y. 1933). 


of the weather was quite comfortable, & I have escaped 
without taking cold. My prayers were offered for y"" 
happiness & prosperity. By adhering to my practice of 
coming down to Wall S* in all sorts of weather my health 
is promoted & I am less susceptible of taking cold. About 
5 o'clock p. m. we were alarmed by a Fire in our neigh- 
bourhood, in B'^way, next to the corner of Broome St. 
Happily it was soon subdued. Had it occurred at a late 
hour in the night, it might have proved destructive & 
extensive, for however alert, it requires time to bring up 
the Engines & obtain a supply of water. We live thank 
God in a safe neighbourhood, w"" adds to our security. 
. , . We may expect the Kentucky daily. She has a 
dreadful time to approach the coast. Our Bay is fuller 
of floating ice than it has been for year, & the weather 
longer & more intensely cold. 

Tues'' [February] 9*". Elegant sleighing 

Wedn'' [February] 10"'. I trace a line to say that 
the weather is moderating. I hope that the change of 
wind will waft the Kentucky into port. Yest^ Davis 
[Craig] called & took Mother, Sister & 2 boys to see 
Aunt Helen. The riding was superb & the roads ani- 
mated with every species of sleigh, from the Dandies 4 
in hand to the carmans sled & Donkey. Poor horses 
they earn their oats, for they are going day & night. 
It is years since we have had such fine sleighing. This 
is my Savings Bank day when we are to receive the 
Report of the auditing Com'' for the last 6 m**^ to be 
sent to the Legislature, & also the draft of a memorial 
for extending our powers to invest. It is of my own 
drawing & has been approved, highly, by the Committee. 
It gives a birds eye view of our progress for IQi/o years, 
a subject well understood, at least by myself, for I have 
given the Institution my unwearied constant attention. 

Friday [February] 12*'' 

Our weather w*" had mitigated on Wed^ has again be- 
come intensely cold. It is as much as we can do to 
keep ourselves warm. Mother & Sister keep home, & 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1830 123 

are well also the children. Pintard goes daily to school, 
& does not mind the cold . . . The ink stagnates, almost 
freezes in my pen, a proof of the severity of the season. 
The East river is almost impassable with floating ice. 
But for the aid of Steam boats, inward bound Ships 
could scarcely work their way thro' the Bay filled with 
floating ice. This weather presses on the poor, who 
have exhausted the Corporation supply of Fuel. Our 
Fuel Saving Society was abandoned for want of suc- 
cess. This has been the third experiment in my day, all 
abortive. When cold pinches the improvident feel, but 
forget their sufferings when summer comes. 

Sat"" [February] 13'\ I have little else to say, it 
seems, than to chronicle the weather, still extremely 
cold. This makes 3 weeks, with one days intermission, 
of as intensely cold weather as we have experienced for 
several years. I fear that it may have reached you & 
cut off y'' Orange trees, as also those of Florida, from 
whence, this year, we have had an abundant supply. 
That country when brought into cultivation will become 
the Hesperian garden of the U'^ States. In progress of 
time. Fig, Almonds, Olives, Grapes & Currants with 
Oranges Limes & Lemmons v\'ill be extensively & profi- 
tably cultivated. The intercourse is so short & easy, 
that these fruits can be sent to the northward in great 
perfection. Sugar also, but not to rival this important 
staple of Louisiana. I do not know whether Coffe[e] 
will succeed. It is admirable what resources the U'' 
States command within itself. The Jersey Legislature 
has, after many years opposition, passed a law for a 
Canal between the Delaware & Hudson & also for a Rail- 
road between Camden, directly opposite Philad" & South 
Amboy, between w** & this city, Steamboats ply. When 
executed, our market will be more abundantly supplied 
with Butter, poultry & Fruit from West Jersey & Penn- 
sylv"* at moderate rates. The consumption of this in- 
creasing city is immense & great supplies are sent from 
our western country by means of the Canal. Long 
island, Westchester, Dutchess, & Orange Counties by 


their proximity & water intercourse possess great advan- 
tages, & always will be the garden of N York. So light 
is the tax on transport, that a Farmers Wife pays only 
1 cent a pound, to the Country Huckster of course sells 
her butter within 1 cent a pound of the N York price & 
receive her profits weekly. Eggs & vegetables in pro- 
portion. Small farming probably yields more profit 
than the large western farms. The State of Ohio will 
become immensely populous & wealthy in consequence 
of canal navigation. Your City must greatly increase 
as the western wilds are brought into settlement & cul- 
tivation, so that y"" children please God will have ample 
resources before them, & being acclimated will always 
enjoy a superior advantage over the birds of passage. 
... I see by the papers, that General Van Renselaer 
the patron of Albany has visited your city for his health. 
He is an excellent good man, as benevolent & charitable 
as he is rich. He is probably the wealthiest citizen in 
the V^ States. . . . 

Monday 15*" Feb-^. Attempting to snow. I attended 
at the Savings Bank on Sat'' & notwithstanding the 
inclemency of the weather (bitter cold) it was pleasing 
to witness the number of depositors. We took in from 
104 persons $4000, & paid to 105, $5800, to supply their 
necessities. Altho' extremely cold, I went down to S* 
Esprit. Mother prudently staid at home. This ev^ 
Sister is going to M" Beers' party, a counterpart no 
doubt to M'^ Schencks. M'' Beers is a very friendly 
lady. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Talma 

New York, Tuesday 16'" Feb-^ 1830 

My last of 15**" inst. goes by the Talma, still detained 
in port. The weather is more moderate but a dense Fog. 
Last ev^ Mother, Sister & M^ Servoss attended M^« Beers 
party. A tea party, large & elegant, but no dancing, in 
compliment to Bishop Hobart, the Rev. D"" Onderdonck 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 125 

& M' Schroeder & ladies. Although all may be proper, 
still it may appear a little out of character for Divines 
to attend these gay circles. I believe none others in 
this city do except the High Church dignitaries of the 
Episcopal Church. Surely complimentary invitations 
might be extended, & the parties less gay & more select. 
But Bp. H. countenances the innocent recreations of 
society. As yet however Theatres are not frequented 
by any of the Clergy, w^ is not uncommon among the 
Roman Catholics in Europe. Do not suppose me cen- 
sorious. But according to my notions such things ought 
not to be. M" Beers is a very amiable lady, kind & 
sociable like her New England countrywomen. Sister 
has been long intimate with her daughter, married about 
the same time & has the same number of children. M"" 
B. is a very respectable Broker & rich & successful. He 
is very friendly indeed to y'" brother. 

Wed^ [February] 17*" . . . Mother & Sister passed a 
delightful evening. The party was expressly given to 
the clergymens ladies, who were acquainted with most 
in the room, so that I must take back my reflections, w** 
apply only to mixed promiscuous assemblies. I believe 
my Rev'^ friend M' Eastburn does not visit on such occa- 
sions out of the circle of his own congregation, & then 
never where there is dancing. His lady, formerly Glover, 
is very plain & retired & will never give exception as a 
parson's Wife. With all the publicity of character, & 
great intercourse with Bp Hobart we never hear a lisp 
about M" H. She is plain & very amiable taking after 
her once excellent Mother, Cousin Chandler,^ of whom, 
in the very trying times of the revolutionary [war], no 
one ever spoke ill. I knew her well, & always admired 
her meekness. . . . 

Thursday [February] 18»\ Mild & foggy. Yester- 
day died Col. Henry Rutgers aged 85. He was a revo- 

3 Mrs. Thomas Bradbury Chandler (Jane Emott) was descended 
from Pintard's ancestor, Louis Carre. See L. Smith Hobart, William 
Hobart, His Ancestors and DesccndaiUs ; George Chandler, The De- 
scendants of William and Annis Chandler (1883), pp. 260 j}.; J. J. Boudi- 
not, The Life of Elias Boudinot (1896), II, 391. 


lutionary patriot, and the most benevolent man in this 
city. A single man, possessed of the largest landed es- 
tate on this island, he was enabled to exercise his benevo- 
lence & charities with unbounded, almost, munificence. 
He was a benefactor to many religious institutions, & 
his private charities to the poor, amounted to $10,000 
a year. His death at this inclement season will be se- 
verely felt by them. 

Friday [February] lO**". Your sister rec*^ yest^ a let- 
ter from Caroline Bayard who has passed the winter at 
Burlington. Like a frank hearted girl, she announces 
that she is to be married to Professor Dod, the beginning 
of April when the vacation in Nassau Hall takes place, 
& is to proceed immediately on a visit to her Sister 
Julia, & return the beginning of May when the College 
Summer session opens. M*" Bayard & Aunt Patty are 
to return home as soon as the season permits, to take 
repossession of his former abode, of w^ a conditional 
sale had been to a M"" Patten for the purpose of opening 
a modern education Academy. His ill health, however, 
frustrates the project. M"" B. resumes housekeeping, & 
M"" & M'* Dod are to board with them. ... I have a 
task about to be imposed upon me to write up the great 
Railroad projected from the Hudson river to the Missis- 
sippi above the Missouri. More credit is given to me, 
than I deserve, for holding the pen of a ready writer. 
Writing is not so difl&cult as the labour of studying & 
comprehending a subject. The proposal does not meet 
my fancy, & altho' I am now reading the project I think 
that it will be best not to intermeddle. . . . 

Sat-^ [February] 20. Unsettled easf weather. The 
very fine day yest^' induced Mother & Sister, as indeed 
almost every body else to make several calls, on M" 
Gouverneur, M""^ Livingston, M""** Hamilton, Beers & 
Schencks. M""® G. who is of my age, has been a recluse 
for life, dresses her head as she did 50 years past, & is 
bowed down very much, otherwise enjoys good health. 
The rest all well. M" Schenck, obliged to move con- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 127 

templates taking a very fine 3 story House just above 
us in Broome St. replete with every accommodation, 
except that the rooms are not so spacious as modern 
crowded parties require, but will hold enough to try a 
mans purse. The family being exceedingly gay & fash- 
ionable this defect may bar their coming. ... I have 
quite a Bible Society at home. Your brother is as dili- 
gent a searcher of the Scriptures as Thomas, & Sister 
is going thro' a regular reading. Dear Mother always 
closes her evening with her Bible, w*" to me is my daily 
bread. . . . 

Tues^ [February] 23. A beautiful day. I must pay 
some friendly visits. M'" Talbot, M" Maxwell who has 
been ill, ]\P Furman d[itt]o, & Col. [Aaron] Ogden in 
prison. I hope Mother <fe Sister will avail themselves 
of the mild morn' & walk out. The foot walks are 
quite dry, but the crossings are bad. This is Shrove 
Tues^ & in conformity with Custom we shall dine on 
pancakes. . . . 

Ash Wed-" [February] 24"\ Mother & Sister attend 
Church this fine morning. After there is to be a meet- 
ing of the Female Miss[ionar]y So[ciety] of S* 
Tho[ma]s, possibly y"" Mother may be importuned to be 
elected President, as M'^ IVrAlckar who is aged & infirm 
wishes to resign. The office was tendered to her last 
year, w*" she prudently declined. . . . We had a Mis- 
s[ionar]y Sermon at S' Thomas on Sunday ev'. The 
weather was rainy, or rather showery, but not more for 
others than our family. We were all present. The col- 
lection only amounted to S75. Discouraging. Why did 
not absentees send their contributions next day. The 
truth is that Bp. Hobart has so chiled the hearts of all 
within the sphere of his influence, & is so fearful of en- 
thusiasm, as to have checked all zeal. Some Pres- 
byt[eria]n Churches in this city, do more at one col- 
lection, than all our High Churches put together. A 
collection is to take place at M"" Eastburns Church next 
Sunday ev^ where weather & health permitting Mother 


& myself propose to attend. . . . The Rev. D' Milnor 
who is about going to England, not for health but grati- 
fication will be delegated to attend as representative of 
the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] at the Anniv[ersar]y 
meeting of the British & For[eign] B. S. in May next. 
The circumstance makes me happy, as he is so inti- 
mately acquainted with the Bible cause in Am [eric] a 
so zealous & efl&cient an ofl&cer being long Sec^ for 
For[eign] correspondence & so capable to represent us, 
& will make an imposing impression on our parent So- 
ciety. I cannot express my gratification. 

Friday [February] 26*\ Mother & Sister attended 
at S* Thom[a]s on Wed^ As M" M-^Vickar, totally deaf, 
did not resign, Mother was spared declining the honour 
of an election. Sister however was appointed a Man- 
ager w** she did right to accept. We all owe a service 
to our Church. I mentioned being engaged yest^ with 
our Bible So[ciety] concerns. The Rev. D' Milnor, our 
Sec'' for For[eign] correspondence will be appointed next 
week our Representative to the Br[itish] & For[eign] 
B[ible] S[ociety] on its anniv^ meeting in May next. 
I passed an hour with him conversing on the several 
topics that will prove interesting to be communicated. 
... He will make a powerful representative & I have 
no doubt that his address will make a favourable im- 
pression on a British audience. His manner is easy, 
his voice powerful & he is quite free from sermonizing 
on public occasions to w*" he has been much accus- 
tomed. . . . 

This ev^ our folks, all, exept myself, take tea with 
M" Wadsworth, a plain friendly party. I adhere to my 
rule of not annoying my friends with an old mans in- 
firmities, & as the rule is absolute I give no exceptions. 
. . . After Church on Wed^ Mother & Sister called on 
M" Sam' Gouverneur, formerly Miss Monroe. She has 
3 children, 2 boys & a girl. The eldest boy is deaf & 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 129 

dumb, from its birth, a fine child. What a dreary pil- 
grimage thro' Life is its destiny. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Kentucky 

New York. Tuesd^ 2"^ March, 1S30 

I have turned out in the hardest old fashioned N E. 
snow storm, that we have had this winter, quite re- 
pugnant to dear Mother's wishes. . . . The storm is 
actually violent. & as Mother said, increasing. The 
snow is at least 12 inches deep. The storm began about 
midnight. . . . 

Wed-'' [March] 3*^. Fair, cold day, superb sleighing. 
I hope that Aunt Helen will send Davis to treat our 
folks, esp^ the boys, with a last ride for the season. We 
have been entertained & delighted for some days in 
succession with M"" Websters admirable speech in the 
Senate, in reply to Col. Hayne of Ch[arle]ston, the most 
eloquent speech ever delivered on the floor of Congress, 
& w^ will do him. as well as the talents of our country- 
men, great credit in England. M"" Webster is an eminent 
Lawyer of Massachusets. Born in an obscure country 
town, his father was a farmer, & kept a public Inn. But 
genius rises superior to every disadvantage. He stands 
at the head of his profession as he now ranks above 
every statesman. He belongs to the genuine old Fed- 
eral School, & does honour to that, now obsolete party, 
gone down to the Tomb of the Capulets, but will live & 
be revered as long as the principles of Washington & 
Hamilton endure. It is some, a great consolation to me. 
that thro' all the changes & vicissitudes of political 
parties, I have alway been a firm, consistent federalist, 
& have lived to see so eminent a character as Webster 
triumphant over southern demagogues. I shall put up 
a copy of his speech w" I beg my g'^sons to read. I w*^ 
say study. The Finale is most beautiful & pathetic & 


must have made the bosoms of every auditor thrill. In- 
deed it is said that a thunder of applause was likely 
to ensue, but was suppressed as inconsistent with the 
dignity of the Senate, w*" is restored to its full lustre, 
after having been tarnished by the frenetic effusions of 
John Randolph. 

Sat^ 6**". At the meeting of the Managers '' on 
Thurs'' Cheif Justice Marshall was elected a Vice Pres* 
in place of the late Judge Washington. The Rev. D"" 
Milnor was appointed to represent the A[merican] 
B[ible] S[ociety] at the Anniv^ meeting of the British 
& For[eign] B[ible] S[ociety] in May. The Doctor 
will meet an honourable reception & make a favourable 
impression. He is a popular speaker, & been long ac- 
customed to address public meetings in this city. 

On Thur^ died my old friend Col. Rich<^ Piatt, AE. 76. 
He was my roommate at Princeton College & after being 
graduated entered in 1775 into the Am. Army, & con- 
tinued in service till the conclusion of the Revolut^ War. 
He was at the siege of Quebeck, capture of Burgoyne & 
Cornwallis. He was a brave officer. After the peace 
he settled in this city, patronized by Col. Wadsworth of 
Plartford he dealt largely in the public debt, was very 
successful, but broke down with others who failed some 
years after. He was liberal & beneficent, & once moved 
in the first rank of our city. He married Miss Aspinwall, 
the most beautiful of her sex. After his failure he spent 
some time in France, until he c*^ settle with his cred- 
itors. He then enterprized as a wine dealer, & was again 
unsuccessful, & under circumstances that injured his rep- 
utation. On Col. Monroes becoming president, he ap- 
p[ointe]d his brother officer paymaster for this district. 
Unfortunately Col. P. became a defau[l]ter & injured 
his sureties. Removed he was again stationed in our 
Custom House, in w^ he continued till his death & lately 
received half pay. The two circumstances gave him 
$1750 a year, but he was always in want, having 2 sons 

-* Of the American Bible Society. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1830 131 

who pressed on him. As far as possible, I assisted him 
till I thought he being better off than myself, I was 
obliged to resist his last applic" for a loan never [to] 
be returned. He withered & sunk away. His poor once 
elegant wife, the gayest of the gay, shrunk from society 
& is now bedridden. She rendered herself useful while 
health & spirits remained, as sup' of the S* Johns 
Chu[r]ch Sunday School, where she was deservedly 
much respected. It is many years since Mother once 
intimate, has seen her, as she declined, broken hearted, 
from all society. Her sons are unworthy of so good a 
mother. Such is the brief ace* of the man I always re- 
garded as a friend, & whose misfortunes were aggra- 
vated by imprudence or worse. He is to be buried with 
military honours this p. m. The day is very unfavour- 
able. My duty at the Savings Bank will prevent my 
attendance, as I c" wish, as well as exposure to this 
damp dense atmosphere, & ]Mother has enjoined it on me 
not to find a substitute & risk a cold & fever. It is 
hard not to pay my last respects to an old friend. 

Thur^' [March] lr^ . . . Yest-^ I devoted to my Gre- 
cian friend W™ Wood, answering his enquiries respect- 
ing a project to establish a savings Bank at Canadaigua, 
where he resides with an independent Widow Sister.^ 
This benevolent man is always doing good be he where 
he will, & it gives me pleasure to promote his views. He 
sent me a beautiful engraving of Bp. Heber, with whose 
relict he corresponds. . . . 

Friday 12*'' March. Looking, hourly, for the Tennes- 
see. On Monday 15'^ I shall close this letter. It will 
be Marsdens birthday, when he completes his IS'*" year. 
A word for him 

[Addressed by Ship] Illinois 

5 Mrs. Nathaniel Gorham (Ruth Wood). T. B. Wvman, Genealogies 
and Estates of Charlestoum, Maxs. (Boston. 1879)," I. 424; H, 1(J47; 
C. F. Milliken, Ontario County (N. Y.) and Its People, I, 56. 


N York, Tuesday, 16*'^ March, 1830 

. . . This morning the Rev. D"" Milnor sails in the 
Florida for Liverpool. . . . Bp. Brownell arrived here 
on Sat^ & proceeded immed'' for Hartford. He observed 
to M'' Dwight, who told me, that he had been on board 
15 Steam Boats during his tour, & among 50 passengers 
each that he only saw 2 decanters of Brandy & Whiskey, 
that ardent spirits were totally disused, & he had never 
seen a drunken man on all his route. Wonder change 
esp'' in the Western country, where Whiskey abounds, 
& has been regarded as essential to existence. So much 
in praise of Temperance Societies. Were it not for the 
low Irish, drunkenness w*^ soon disappear in our Streets. 
It diminishes. . . . 

Friday [March] IQ*''. Thomas' Birthday, he enters 
his l?*"" year. ... A distressing affliction has befallen 
our next door neighbours, M"" & M" MTntire. They 
have lost their hopeful son ^ 8 years old & a nephew, 
both lying dead at the same time in their house, & their 
funerals to take place at 2 p. m. What a dreadful visi- 
tation, the pang of which I bring home to my own 
bosom. This calamity mars the pleasure of our little 
festive board on this day. . . . 

Sat^ 20**^ March. Spring day. The first steamboat 
Commerce arrived from Albany Thur^ 18*'' inst. The 
navigation now open, & trade will revive. It has been 
very dull, esp'' for Cotton, as your brother has experi- 
enced. There is however still season for good business 
if the market sh*^ not be too high at N[ew] 0[rleans]. 
Yesf I closed my long Trusteeship for the Coutant fam- 
ily, by paying a bal[anc]e of $115 that remained in my 
hands for the estate of Jacob Coutant. On the decease 
of the father David in 1820, I assumed the duty of 
Trustee, to oblige Polly, & happily discharged it with 
fidelity until a little before her death, a year or more 
ago, quite to the satisfaction of the heirs. Having rec*^ 

6 Alexander McDonald Mclntyre, son of Archibald Mclntyre, of 431 
Broome Street. Commercial Advertiser, March 19, 1830; N. Y. City 
Directory, 1830-31. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 133 

& paid their rents &c" for 9 years, to a considerable 
amount, they wished to make me a consideration, w" I 
w** not accept, as I acted from friendship for the mother, 
who was brought up by the Madame. I feel happy that 
the transaction is closed, for I sometimes felt uneasy 
least during my trust, I might be called away, but all 
was placed in security in case of such an event. For 
M" Talbot I receive & pay her annuities, as she has 
no one else to confide in. Tliis gives me no trouble. 
... I had intended to decline a reelection as Church 
Warden of my beloved French Church on Easter Mon- 
day next, but my brother Vestry men will not hear to 
it. We must shortly look out for a site in the upper 
part of the city for a new church, our present Temple 
being very old, built in 1704. If life & health are spared 
I sh*" be glad that it were done in my day, that I may 
remove the remains of our predecessors from the family 
Tomb, myself, a painful duty, w*" must be done, as we 
shall lease or sell our ground advantageously to defray 
the expense of a new edifice. . . . 

Monday, 22** March. After a dense foggy wet Sun- 
day, this is a beautiful May day. It is y"" dear Sisters 
birthday. May her succeding years be as propitious as 
those she has hitherto enjoyed. This morn^ she takes 
Boudy, 2 years 9 m"^ old, to a select Infant School, kept 
in the basement of the Dutch Church, Broome corner 
of Mercer, west side of B^way a short distance from us. 
I will get one of the circulars, to show you the system 
& what advantages for education we enjoy in this city. 
I observe another select Infant School advertised in 
this morn^' paper. Those for poor children are won- 
derfully successful & increase & I have no doubt, in a 
few years will become as numerous as other schools. A 
Funeral discourse was preached in the late M"" Christmas' 
Church in the Bowery last ev^ to an overflowing con- 
gregation. The Observer of 20*^ inst. contains a very 
good obituary of this devoted servant "^ of his Lord & 

7 Rev. Joseph S. Christmas, late pastor of the Bowery Presbyterian 
Church. A Memoir of him, bv E. Lord, was published in New York 
in 1831. 


Master. It is said that his biography will be published. 
How early in life (26) has he been called to his reward. 

Tuesday [March] 23"^... The day, yest^ called all 
the female world abroad. Mother & Sister went down 
to M''' Schencks, where they learned a most distressing 
circumstance, of M""^ Livingston, our Cousin's derange- 
ment, & attempt to destroy herself, & being sent to the 
Assylum. Your Mother stopped at her door, & such 
is the melancholy fact. ... I regarded her for her per- 
severing kindness to our aged Aunt Hanson, attentive 
to her in her last stage of existence, & to her funeral. 
No instance in my knowledge of awful derangement, has 
ever equaled that of her family. The subject is too 
painful to dwell on. 

Wed-^ [March] 24*^ Yest^ was a wet raw N[orth] 
E[ast] day, w^' combined with the state of poor M" 
Livingston quite depressed my spirits, altho' I endeavour 
to restrain my feelings within my own bosom. Mother 
is less affected by such events. "One master passion 
swallows all the rest." The want of a splendid establish- 
ment, w*" seems to embitter her days. . . . But we are 
differently very differently constituted. Let me not cen- 
sure, but praise her for her many virtues & constant 
unremitted attention to me. . . . 

Thur^ 25*'^ March. ... I believe that I have not 
mentioned to you the prospect of a great act of Charity 
in favour of Orphans, without distinction of religion or 
country that is about to take place in this city. John 
G. Leake Esq. a wealthy Bachelor, died last year, leaving 
a Will drawn by himself, but not executed, in favour 
of Robert Watts, son of John Watts Esq. of N Rochelle, 
in your time, on condition of taking the name of Leake. 
The Will, after legal investigation was adjudicated to be 
valid, but before the condition c*^ be fulfilled by an Act 
of the Legislature, young Watts, the only remaining son 
of his Father died. In case of such decease or non com- 
pliance, the whole Estate of M"" Leake, a few legacies 
excepted, was devised to the Rector of Trinity Church, 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 135 

the senior Ministers of the Dutch & Presbyterian 
Churches, the Mayor & Recorder of this City in Trust, 
the income & profits of both Real & Personal Estate 
to be applied to building & supporting an Orphan Assy- 
lum, in the suburbs of the city. The Real Estate be- 
comes escheated to the State, about $100,000, the per- 
sonal between 200 & 300,000 D""^ goes to the Trustees 
who are applying to the Legislature for an Act of In- 
corporation. It is contemplated to merge our present 
Orphan Assylum in this new Leake 0. A., whereby it can 
go into immediate operation & support forthwith 300 
Orphans. It is to be hoped that the Legislature will re- 
lease their claim, & thus carry the benevolent intention 
of M"" Leake into full effect. The Real Estate may be 
worth $100,000, making altogether $400,000 by far the 
largest benefaction ever bequeathed in this city. 

Saturday [March] 27*''. Yesterday was a complete 
winters day, a N E. snow storm for 24 hours. ... On 
Thurs'' I called at the Infant School, yet few in numbers, 
about 16. A fine spacious room in the basement of the 
Dutch Church in Broome SS windows large, above 
ground, the site a gravel soil & the apartment very dry. 
It is well fitted up, with every modern improvement 
for instruction. The mistress & assistant very kind to 
the children, who appear delighted. Boudy, who we 
feared might prove refractory, his Madam says is the 
most tractable & best behaved boy in the school. It 
excited a laugh to see him with his cap in [hand] make 
his bow to the Madame, & Assistant, kissing his hand & 
bending to the floor, after which he went very orderly 
& kissed a little girl about his size to whom he has taken 
a fancy. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Tennessee 


[By Ship] Louisiana 

New York, V April, 1830 

. . . Sat^ 3''. As usual excessively engaged with Bible 
So[ciety] duties since the Managers meeting on the 
P* antecedent to the Annual meeting in May. We are 
crowded with business, & meet again 29*^ inst. to re- 
c[e]ive the annual Report. The Rev. M"" M'^Ilvaine of 
Brooklyn who is going to Europe for the benefit of his 
health, to sail 8**" inst. was appointed to represent our 
So[ciety] in conjunction with the Rev. D"" Milnor who 
sailed 15*'' March, at the anniv*' me [e] ting of the Brit- 
ish & For[eign] B[ible] S[ociety] in May. M^ M^l- 
vaine is of Burlington & rec*^ his education, partly, in 
the Princeton Theol. Sem^. He possesses great talents, 
& is a popular preacher of the Evangelical school, of 
course no favourite with Bp. Hobart, whose whole in- 
fluence was exerted to prevent his settlem* in Brooklyn. 
His health has been impaired by his zeal, & incessant 
duties. He has quite changed the complexion of S* 
Ann's Church Brooklyn, & except with a few High 
Churchmen is greatly esteemed & his labours have been 
blessed. . . . 

Thur'' [April] 8**". My time has been unusually 
occupied. I have just return'd from the Steam boat 
after bidding the Rev. M"" M^'Ilvaine an affect [ionate] 
adieu. He is quite emaciated by excessive zeal in the 
discharge of his pastoral duties. Please God that he 
may be favoured in his voyage out & home, & be restored 
to his family & church in perfect health. On Tuesday 
afternoon, 6*^ I attended the funeral of M'^ Clement C. 
Moore, cut off in the very bloom of life not much be- 
yond 30 years, leaving several children with a most 
aff[ectionate] husband to bemoan her death. She was 
a Cortland,^ & very beautiful. Just removed from M*" 

8 Mrs. Clement C. Moore (Catharine Elizabeth Taylor), was daughter 
of Elizabeth (Van Cortlandt) Taylor and granddaughter of Philip Van 
Cortlandt. W. 0. Wheeler, The Ogden Family in America (1907), pp. 
108, 196. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 137 

Moores country residence to a new spacious delightful 
house in the upper part of the city. About the time of 
dear mothers convalescence last fall, M'" & M" Moore 
rode out to New Utrecht. She then apparently in high 
health. He told me of his purchase & intended removal, 
when I promised to visit him. We have been always 
on the most friendly terms, but I have resisted all hos- 
pitalities, when sitting in the elegantly furnished draw- 
ing room, for he is wealthy. My spirits sank within me, 
to think that my first intended visit should be on so 
melancholly an occasion. It is God's will, & may he 
sanctify this dispensation to my friend. M"" M. is the 
only son of the late Bp. Moore, & thro' his mother in- 
herits an extensive landed property at Greenwich, equal 
to 500 lots worth $1000 a lot on an average & will 
double by the time his children arrive at age. God bless 
& prosper him. 

Yest^ Wed^ 7^^ I was elected a Director of the Mutual 
Insur*" C°. When I look back on this period 2 years, 
the misery that I endured on acc^ of that young villain 
Monahan, the anguish that I experienced & which you 
witnessed, & that quite broke me down, I am all grati- 
tude to my heavenly Father, for this instance of his 
mercy. A circumstance that I c" not expect but that is 
entirely owing to my kind friends M"" Furman, Mason 
& Wilson & M"" Ireland the President. . . . 

1 o'clock. The meeting is over & M"" Ireland unani- 
mously reelected as he deserves for he is a most active 
efficient president. I have rec*^ a letter of yest^ from 
M"" Bayard, who says that Caroline's wedding is to take 
place on Monday ev^ next & that they can only invite 
one person from each family, & wishes me to come on & 
represent ours. . . . 

Saturday [April] lO*"". After coming from Church 
yest^ I wrote to M"" Bayard declining his invitation. 
Mother w*^ have been uneasy least any accident sh*^ be- 
tide me. On reflection I tho't it best so to do. I c'' 
not absent myself from the Sacrament tomorrow. More- 
over I am so linked with the Savings Bank, that my 


presence on Monday will be necessary. We are nego- 
tiating a loan of $150,000 of Pennsylv^ stock. Sh"^ the 
terms be acceptable, it is necessary for me, as president, 
to indorse a check on the Mechanic Bank for payment. 
. . . With this I shall send you for y"" children, the Hist^ 
of the Jews in 3 small volumes covered with silk, by 
the Rev. M"" Millman an eminent divine of the Ch. of 
England. Thomas who is becoming quite a Biblical 
Critic, was wishing to be acquainted with the Jewish 
Hist^ & bought this work, just published, with w*" y"" 
brother & sister are so well pleased that I have pro- 
cured a set for you. They are the first of a series of 
the Family Library.^ The next will be the life of Na- 
poleon,^" 2 voP, the best written it is said of anything 
that has yet appeared, & I hope to be able to send the 
successive VoP as published, the cost being only 50 cents 
p: vol, to amuse & instruct your children next summer 
when your winter visitors shall have deserted you. . . . 

Wed^ [April] 14*\ Another wet day. No Talma. 
The prevailing Easterly winds have been adverse to her. 
There has been several, 5 or 6, most ext[raordinar]y 
short passages from Eng** & France, that ever were 
known, in 16 & 18 days, as quick as between this & 
N. Orleans. ... I shall put up D'" Alexander, of Prince- 
ton, Bible Dict[ionar]y for the use of Sunday School 
Teachers, for the use of your family, a useful book of 
which 100 copies have been sold in this city in the course 
of a week. 

N York, Friday 16*'' April, 1830 

The Louisiana sailed yest^ with a little packet of 
books & my letter for my beloved daughter. The Talma 
lingers, out 25 days. I fear some disaster. Ever since 

s Published by J. & J. Harper. 
10 By J. G. Lockhart. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 139 

April came in we have had Easterly winds Sc weather. 
I have just ref^ from the Steam Boat taking leave of 
some clerical friends bound in the Brittania packet for 
Liverpool. The Rev. D'" Gardiner of Boston, a Rev"^ of 
Maryland, & Rev. M"" [William] Creighton of this city, 
for their health. The Rev*^ M^ [William] Richmond 
lately at N[ew] 0[rleans] accompanies his brother in 
law Jonath" Goodhue who goes for the benefit of his 
health. Great is the company of the Preachers. The 
wind is still adverse at east. With the Rev. D' Gardiner 
I was acquainted when at Boston, now 30 years ago. 
He was a pleasant classical scholar, very fond of the 
convivial So[ciety] of Boston, too much so for a min- 
ister. He recollected me & asked after poor uncle Lewis. 
D"" G. is exceedingly emaciated & looks as tho' he goes 
in quest of a vain shadow, & that he is too much broken 
down & too aged 75 ^^ to be renovated. Propitious 
Gales attend them. This party makes 6 Episcopal min- 
isters from the U'' States, gone to England, of whom 
D"" Milnor & M"" IVPIlvaine rank foremost & will do our 
clergy credit. 

Tuesday [April] 20*\ Yest-^ was hot, as will be this 
day. Your Aunt Betsey came to town on Sat^ e^ dined 
with us yest'' . . . Her Sister Solomon is very well. Y' 
Aunt grows corpulent & her tall person makes her ap- 
pear large. She complains of her head, but has been 
better last winter than thro' the preceding summer. 
She was at Caroline's wedding, when notwithstanding 
the very unfavourable weather all passed off cheerful & 
gay. M' & M" Dod set off for Virginia last Thur^ on 
a fortnights visit to M" Washington. His salary has 
been raised $200, having now $1000 a year, a good in- 
come, w^ will go further as long as they remain at 
Clermont. He takes the mathematical chair in addi- 
tion to the classical duties. M"" Bayard in a late letter 

^1 The Rev. John Sylvester John Gardiner was not so old as Pintard 
Btated, for he was born in June, 1765. Dictionary of American Biog- 
raphy, VII, 137. 


mentions that his Rev. son complains of his scanty in- 
come, & he fears that all does not go right with him. 
He had undertaken the sup.intendence of a High School 
at Geneseo, on his own & his assistants account, with 
jflattering hopes, but it does not succeed to his expecta- 
tions. Indeed so many academical institutions spring 
up in every quarter, & competition is so great that one 
is no sooner got up than a rival appears to the injury 
of both. Poor Lewis, he has been a rolling stone. . . . 
I hold no epistolary intercourse with him. He is so 
high a Bishops man, that my frank opinions did not 
please, & I am not sorry to be released from a cold 
correspondence. When with us I take care not to men- 
tion the Bishops name nor comment on his policy, as I 
know every sentiment w** be repeated. . . . 

Wed^ [April] 2P^ . . . Yest-" a beautiful day. I 
attended the exhibition of the Orphans, at the City 
Hotel. Upwards of 100 children of both sexes, sitting 
on elevated benches, formed an imposing spectacle. 
After paying Mothers & Sisters annual subscriptions of 
$2 each, & expressing, mentally, my gratitude to the 
fair sisters of Charity devoted to this benevolent insti- 
tution, I retired, not being capable of hearing the Report 
or addresses usual on the occasion. How greatly this 
city is indebted to Females for the time & support they 
give to our various charitable & religious associations. 
In the afternoon at 5. I accompanied Mother & Sister 
to the sale of the S* Thomas' ladies Missionary Society, 
held in Niblos splendid saloon, not far distant from us 
in B'^way. Miss Duffy, sister of our late first Rector, 
is the principal man[a]ger. The exhibition constituted 
of a great variety of fancy articles, some the work of 
the ladies others bought by contributions for sale. 
Mother & Sister gave $2 each, the profits of each were 
as much more, thus doubling the first gift. The man- 
agers understand their business, asking good prices, w" 
none dispute, as none are obliged to pay. Almost all was 
sold off by 7 o'clock, when the rest were disposed off 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 141 

by way of lottery & thus the tables were swept. Mother 
& Sister laid out $7 in little books & notions. . . . 

Friday [April] 23*^. The hasty perusal of y"" miscel- 
laneous letter, espec-'' what relates to my darling Eliza 
agitated me extremely. . . . The subject nearest my 
heart is our darling, united possibly by this time to the 
man ^- of her choice, mutually acquainted & attached 
for some years, a knowledge of each others dispositions 
cannot fail to promise every reasonable share of hap- 
piness. Her distance from home may render weaning, 
on both sides, painful, but the seperation of children, 
from parents is the lot of humanity & must be sub- 
mitted to, surely I have experienced it in y'' instance 
my best beloved daughter. It pleases me to learn that 
M"" Johnston has a profession that will ensure him if 
diligently pursued support for a family. . . . The law 
is an honourable as well as respectable calling & leads 
with talents & application to high honours. . . . 

Grandmama is delighted with your description of 
my namesake, who she always considered a lad of no- 
ble ambition & great promise. How happy it makes me 
that he excells in his calling & that his conduct gives 
satisfaction to his friends & employers. I will converse 
with D"" Francis on the medical schools in this city, w" 
D"" Hosacks overbearing ambition has divided & in- 
jured. Francis will give me a candid opinion. I have 
such respect for his capacity in teaching that I c*^ [wish] 
Pintard to be under his tuition. I do beleive Francis 
to be the most talented physician in the U'^ States. I 
mean professional, strictly, & not literary w"" is very 
great, & he possesses a most happy untiring faculty 
of imparting instruction. Since his marriage he has 
become quite a staid character. He is eminent & rising 
in reputation, but more anon. 

12 John Harris Johnston. Wm. Preston Johnston, The Johnstons of 
Salisbury (New Orleans, 1897), pp. [77]-79, 156. 


Monday [April] 26"". After two days of a lowering 
sky, rain came on yest^ toward ev^, w" interfered, no 
doubt, with the sermons in 2 of our Churches for the 
benefit of the Orphan Assylum. I hear no more about 
the Leake legacy & fear some mistake on my part. . . . 
By the next arrival (Kentucky) daily expected I hope 
to hear more particulars about M" Johnston, & of his 
establishment on Red river. . . . Possibly ere this our 
dear darling has changed her name. She has a deposit 
in our Savings B" w** with accumulating interest amounts 
to $159. This is at her command, & if she pleases can 
purchase an elegant gold watch & equipage. I c'* wish 
it to be laid out in this or other permanent way, that 
she may possess something to remember her g^father 
who loves her sincerely. On Saturday 1 opened an ac- 
count for dear Julia & Lucy Ann, Nos. 25,000 & 25,001, 
w*" I never expected to see in my time. As soon as we 
reached them, I popped in my $5. each, all that I c*^ 
contribut[e] just now. I must do as much for our 
Richard D., whose father deposited for him a year ago. 
Your dear little girls were alone excepted. Now all 
my g'^children have Bank Books. My extra Bank at- 
tendance will terminate next Friday after 3 months 
duty, & I shall really feel lost, but my own turn comes 
on in July, w" with June, an account of the heat are the 
worst in the year. The resort to our Bank is astonish- 
ing. On Sat^ we rec'' from 80 Depositors $3716 & paid 
to 113, within one cent of $11,000. The Bank altho ex- 
tensive, was at times crowded to excess. 

Tuesd^ [April] 27*\ Your brother handed to me y*" 
letter of 7^^ inst. by the Kentucky, with the intelligence 
of y"" darlings intended marriage to M"" Johnston on the 
15*\ . . . 

Thurs'' [April] 29*\ Dear mother writes by this op- 
po[rtunity]. She gave me her letter to peruse. It is 
far more gloomy than facts justify, at least as respects 
myself. True I decay & grow more feeble & my hearing 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 143 

alas! is almost gone. My eye sight admits of some read- 
ing. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Talma 

[By Ship] Illinois 

New York, Monday 3" May, 1830 

Tuesd^ 4**'. . . . Sister was detained at home by vio- 
lent tooth ache. She is undergoing an operation of hav- 
ing all the nerves extracted by some Empiric I fear. She 
suffers greatly, more than I have ever known before. 
Yest^ p. m. I attended the funeral of Thomas Franklin, 
a Quaker friend whom I have known from my boyhood, 
in his day a very useful & respectable citizen. Having 
been Chief Engineer, the whole Fire Department about 
1500, attended. . . . 

Monday [May] 10*'\ Beginning of our holy week, 
devoted to religious & benevolent meetings, but alas! 
my deafness prevents any attendance, except to my last 
anniv[ersar]y duties to the Am. B[ible] S[ociety] & 
the Sunday School Union meeting in Castle Garden, to- 
morrow p. m. . . . My mind is made up to resign the 
Record^ Sec^ship of the A. B. S. at the stated meeting 
1^* July next, when I shall have served 14 years & 6 m''^ 
My increasing deafness disqualifies me to discharge a 
duty, otherwise very agreeable to me. I shall lose of 
course with the salary of $400 a year, w^ has been de- 
voted all this time to pious, benevolent & charitable 
purpose, so far doing some good. My restricted means 
will incapacitate me as well for myself & to afford dear 
Mother the power of extending the hand of charity to 
the numerous wants of this great & growing city, but we 
must content ourselves with having done all the good 
we could while I enjoyed the power. Gods will be done. 
To sigh & lament is vain if not impious. On Friday a 


meeting was held, promoted by beneficent ladies, to take 
into consideration the subject for establishing a House 
of Industry to afford the means of profitable occupa- 
tion to industrious females. Mother & Sister attended. 
I early showed myself & retired least I might be added 
to a Committee to make application to our City Cor- 
poration for aid, a House, for conducting the business, 
without w" it will be impossible to carry the object into 
effect. I have had my many turns, & my deafness is 
an obstacle in the way of being useful. We had such 
a House some 10 or 12 years ago, w'' fell thro' for want 
of patronage, the losses being chiefly borne by a few. 
The late John Murray Jun'" was its indefatigable patron. 
It is difficult to obtain funds, & in the next place more 
difficult to sell work made up for cost & charges. How- 
ever past experience may put the present effort, sh'^ it 
be carried into operation, on a better footing. . . . 

Wed^ [May] 12*^ I have taken a violent cold & 
hoarseness attending the Union Sunday School proces- 
sion yest^. The day was raw & unpleasant & it rained 
before the show was over. I went to the park before 2 
at w** hour the scholars began to assemble & as the 
schools appeared on the ground, they were marched off 
4 abreast to Castle Garden. I never witnessed so numer- 
ous a collection nor any that equaled it in the neatness 
& propriety of the scholars of both sexes dresses & be- 
haviour. Dear little things many of whom were not so 
big as Pintard. A Sunday School came over from Belle- 
vue above Newark, beautifully & uniformly dressed in 
blue roundabouts & white pantaloons, their animated 
countenances conscious of their superiority in dress, had 
an imposing effect. Elated as I was to see the progres- 
sive increase of an Institution, the foundation of w'' I 
assisted in laying 14 years ago, my feelings, not de- 
pressed, were solemnized, that among the Directors of 
the present day, with whom I walked, there was not one 
personal acquaintance, all moved off in succession from 
active life to a better world. Last year I walked with 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 145 

my lamented friend James Eastburn. ... It took up an 
hour for the Schools to enter & pass thro' the Park. The 
line reached all the way to Castle Garden. It is com- 
puted that ten thousand were collected. What a Jubilee 
for children? What a glorious spectacle for old men? 
The panorama view in Castle Garden exceeds my powers 
of description. It was Fairy land & enchantment to me 
esp^, when the assembled thousands chaunted the ap- 
propriate Hymns. . . . 

Friday 14^'^ May. We had a most animated Anni- 
v[ersar]y of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] that has 
ever yet occurred. Tell JMarney that it far exceeded the 
last w*" he witnessed. The speakers were all of the high- 
est order & eloquent. Mother made me happy by her 
attendance. Altho' the weather was obscured, the Mid- 
dle Dutch Church, the larges[t] in our city was full to 
excess. I never witnessed so large, nor so patient an 
audience of Ladies who were assembled from 9 o'clock to 
yo past 2. . . . 

Of your friend M" Smith I must speak a word in 
praise. Encumbered with a large family of helpless chil- 
dren, she shows her magnanimity & pride of character 
in doing all in her power for their maintenance. ... I 
have confidence that a lady of her superior mind & in- 
dependence, acclimated by long residence, will attract a 
choice of pupils & enable her to discharge the more 
onerous duties of a boarding school, by such able as- 
sistance as money can command & leave her free to the 
general superintendence of Instruction & deportment of 
the young ladies 

Then you think it possible that M' Johnston may 
come to the north this season, the only one, for years 
that Madam may be able to have unencumbered. You 
say it depends upon an interview with his Senator 
brother ^^ w'' must be late as Congress will continue in 

"His half-brother, Josiah Stoddard Johnston (1784-1833). See Biog. 
Directory of the Amer. Congress, 1774-1927'; Wm. P. Johnston, The 
Johnstons of Salisbury (New Orleans, 1897), pp. 63-72. 


session probably till the last of this month. I should 
be most happy to see him, in w"" case I w*^ endeavour to 
dissuade him from giving up a lucrative practice for 
the inconsiderable salary of a judge, an honourable sta- 
tion however. He is too young to retire from prac- 
tice. . . . 

N York, Tuesday, 18*'' May, 1830 
The anniv^' of my birthday, IS**- May, 1759. 

My morn^ commenced with reading several of D' John- 
son's prayers on the anniversaries of his birthday, & my 
birth Psalm 90*", also Taylors Holy Dying, that I may 
prepare daily for my great account. ... I meditated at 
dawn on my dear mothers momentary joy for the birth 
of a man child, w*" cost her her life. She died in two 
weeks in consequence of sitting up too soon. She was 
a beautiful women of most aff[ectionate] amiable dis- 
position. Her premature death broke my disconsolate 
fathers heart, who died, about 18 months after at the 
Cape of yellow fever. I soon shall follow. . . . 

Wed^ [May] 19*\ . . . Thomas [Servoss] has passed 
several months under his Father, where he has im- 
proved greatly in his handwriting, accounts & Book- 
keeping. As your brothers business is not suff^ active 
for him, it has been contemplated to send him to Mat- 
tawan, & to bring him up a manufacturer under the 
care & in the family of M'' Leonard at the head of the 
manufactory, an intelligent, correct, excellent man. 
Thomas, who has a mechanical turn was much pleased 
with the project. But as your brother is doubtful of 
the permanent stability of the manufacturing interests, 
as an establishment for life, he seemed to prefer placing 
his son in one of our extensive dry good stores, to be- 
come acquainted with the quality & prices of goods 
wholesale & retail. Thomas cheerfully acquiesced in 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 147 

the judgment of his Father, & we have unsuccessfully, 
hitherto, endeavoured to find him a situation among 
some one of our principal jobbers, as they are called. 
Applications in behalf of youths are so numerous, that 
I have been everywhere too late, or too early. Yest^ 
I was going to call on another respectable house, with 
w*' I was personally unacquainted. Having been en- 
gaged with my minutes until 1 o'clock, I thot that I 
would defer my application till this morn^ & turned 
my co[u]rse to M"" S's counting room. Happily as I 
entered I found that M' S. & Thomas had turned their 
thoughts towards N. Orleans, & that M' S. had just writ- 
ten to his friend JVP Oakey a proposition to take Thomas 
into his service & family. The thought pleased me so 
much, that I have concluded to expedite this letter for 
the purpose of requesting you to desire M' Oakey to 
take tea with you, & to induce him to acquiesce with 
our wishes. 

[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

[By Ship] Illinois 

New York, Friday 2V' May, 1830 

Monday 24'*'. . . . Your letter by the Louisiana, 
looked for this week, will I hope bring favourable tid- 
ings, of my beloved Turtle Dove, that she was in a 
condition to bear the fatigue of transportation to her 
dear sister under the attentive care of her brother . . . 
I do not precisely comprehend the topography of the 
country further than probably, that M"" Johnston occu- 
pies the best & finest house among the Log Cabins of 
Alexandria! Proud name, but at some future day our 
darling may give you a more particular description of 
this land of promise. When I visited Washington in 
1801, & exhausted myself with roaming over the wide 
domains of this renowned Capital of the U.S. a gentle- 


man of the place, attended me, & pointed out the glori- 
ous sceneiy & prospects. Asking me how I was pleased, 
I replied that it really appeared all prospect & but little 
reality, for excepting the Capitol & public oflaces, very 
few buildings were at that time, sprinkled over the ex- 
tensive surface of this renowned city, the progress of 
which was retarded by frequent attempts to remove the 
seat of government, of w" there is no further danger 
while the Union endures, as too much money has been 
expended to render it accommodating for Congress, & 
it is as central as can reasonably be hoped, unless sh^ 
the province of Texas be acquired with all the circum- 
jacent country along the Gulf of Mexico to California, 
it might be tho't expedient to remove to the Westward 
of the Missi[ssi]ppi, say to Alexandria! What a glori- 
ous prospect for darling. Of the state of society, her 
uncle gives a curious description, that in his earlier day, 
when at Natchez, it was the rendezvous of all the out- 
laws & fugitives of that quarter. But as laws, civiliza- 
tion & better population have succeeded, this floating 
scum has I hope boiled over & floated farther West. 
Such is the natural progress of American settle- 
ment. . . . 

I have purchased for him ^^ & all this morn^ Crabb's 
Synonymes just published with w'' I beseech him to be- 
come intimately acquainted if he wishes to become an 
accurate discriminating speaker. A little critique on 
the work w" I place on the title page, says all that I 
can on the subject, the importance of which is very 
familiar to me. Many years ago, Lindley Murray of 
York, Eng*^ presented me a copy of his invaluable Gram- 
mar, the best in the English language, the product of 
many years study & reflection. I wrote a line of thanks, 
thro' M"" Perkins, connected by marriage with M'' M.^^ 

1* Lewis Marsden Davidson. 

15 The wife of Benjamin Douglass Perkins was a niece of Lindley 
Murray. [Sarah S. Murray], In the Olden Times, A Short History of 
the Descendants of John Murray (N. Y. 1894), pp. 78-81. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 149 

& suggested the propriety, that one so well acquainted 
with the powers & beauties of the English language sh*^ 
undertake to supply the desideratum of a Book of 
Synonymes. M"" M. was very infirm, & declined the 
task, but remarked that the person who had suggested 
the idea, appeared to be well qualified to execute it. 
This was high praise, & really I had a mind to attempt 
when I learned that M"" Crabb had contemplated his 
work, the first edition of w** I have had, indeed the 2*^ 
many years. It is admirably executed & a work of g' 
merit, the result of much reading & reflection. ... I 
send herewith the little Sunday School Biogr^ dict^' w'' 
was overlooked with the last envoi likewise a Geograph- 
ical diet'' of the Bible, & an elegant map on rollers of 
the Holy land for the instruction of my dear little Sun- 
day Scholars. You will likewise receive the 4 & 5'*' vols 
of the Family Library, cont" the life of Napoleon by 
Lockhart one of the London Quarterly reviewers, ele- 
gantly written, for y"" summers amusement. . . . 

Wed^' 26*^ May. . . . M"" Leonard the conductor of 
Mattawan Manufactory called on y"" brother & stated 
to him the prospects of profit to the cotton branch if 
perseveringly & intelligently pursued. He has always 
been earnest that Thomas sh*^ come to him. On reflec- 
tion & conferring, if not consulting, with me, it was 
concluded best to send Thomas to him, & he wrote his 
offer to M"" L. on Monday, w*" he has accepted, & my 
young dear companion will leave us the beginning of 
June, near at hand, to enter on his vocation for life. 
Thomas has a mechanical turn, & will be instructed in 
every part of the operations from the Mill Wheel to the 
power loom thro' all their curious complicated ma- 
chinery, so as to be able when his apprenticeship is 
passed, in 4 years, to be competent to the sup.intendence 
of a cotton manufactory. . . . 


N York, Wed^ 2'^ June, 1830 

The Illinois sailed this morn^ at 7 with a packet of 
books & maps for you 

Thurs^ [June] 3^ Yest^ at 12 I took leave of Thomas 
[Servoss] as he was embarking in the sloop Hope, for 
Fishkill, , . . You justly remark that musick reminds 
one of early associations & friends. The Tunes, now 
obsolete, of my juvenile days, bring before me the com- 
panions of my youth, mostly to the grave gone down. 
Such is my prejudice that these old fashioned songs & 
airs are more delightful to me than all the modern songs 
& melodies, with some exceptions, put together. The 
Scotch & Irish, particularly, are so dramatic, plaintive 
& impressive as to enchant me. The same remark ap- 
plies to the old solemn tunes of Church psalmody, w" 
for devotional excitement far surpass any of the mod- 
ern, & more scientific airs. Luthers Old Hundred can 
never cease to inspire as long as sober chaste taste shall 
prevail, and so of many others. Church musick to me 
as cultivated here, is absolutely screeching, but this no 
doubt is owing to my decayed hearing. 

Monday [June] 7^^. Mother sits up part of the day, 
recovers very slow. . . . Aunt Patty & M"" Bayard ar- 
rived on Saturday both very well. . . . 

Tuesday [June] 8^" . . . Mother showed her your 
letters. She desires her love & warmest congratula- 
tions to you on the happy marriage of our darling, 
& to say that altho' y*" cousin Caroline is not so fortu- 
nate as to worldly concerns, that she also has made a 
happy connection with Professor Dod who is a learned 
pious good man, well qualified for his station. I shall 
be disappointed when his character becomes established, 
if he shall not be called to the presidency of some of 
our new colleges, as his talents are very respectable. 
Aunt Patty will inform Aunt Betsey of the substance 
of y' letters. I did not write of the event, waiting to 
impart the glad tidings when they sh*^ visit us. Your 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1830 151 

Aunts health is better than usual, troubled somewhat 
with Asthma. The Judge is fat as a Bear, after living 
on swans, canvass back ducks & oysters with w" the 
Chesapeak abounds. Julia & M"" Washington come on 
shortly to spend the summer. ... I must if possible 
visit Fishkill to see Thomas. He wrote on Sunday of 
his safe arrival, arrangem* of his goods & chattels & 
visit to the Sunday School, 48 scholars, & of his inten- 
tion to commence Teacher next Sunday. He will make 
a very useful one, having all the intelligence & inclina- 
tion to render himself serviceable. Yest^ morn^ he was 
to enter on his apprenticeship of 4 years, in the ma- 
ch[in]e shop. . . . 

[Addressed:] Mail 

via Mobile 

New York, Wed^ Q**" June, 1830 

. . . Thu^ lO**". I c*^ make no progress yest^ pre- 
paring for the monthly meeting of the Savings B" en- 
grossed all my time till 12, when the Rev*^ M"" Robertson, 
Miss[ionar]y to Greece was introduced to me with whom 
I passed an hour, & he is to call at 10 this morn^ on 
the subject of the Greek press towards w^ I am dis- 
posed to render every possible service. When I look 
back to the first efforts in favour of Greece, my inde- 
fatigable zeal & personal activity, I feel most sensibly 
the diminution of my bodily strength at this time, w*" 
will prevent those personal applications that w*^ be use- 
ful. I hope that we shall do something, but really the 
present exertions in favour of Sunday Schools in the 
Valley of the Mississipi seems to absorb all our benevo- 
lence. In Phil« $30,000 has been raised & in this city 
we may probably raise 20 more. It is a noble effort & 
tho' mainly patronized by Presbyterians ought to be 
encouraged. The poor Greeks must glean after this 
full harvest. ]\Iy Bishop is violently opposed to the 


operations of our Gen^ Miss^ S° in favour of foreign 
Missions, & of all others told M"" R. that he considers 
the Greek most visionary & absolutely forbids him to 
act as Miss^ in, his diocese. M'' R. must therefore 
operate thro' the agency of friends. The poor Greeks 
w*^ be sadly off, if Bishop Hobarts diocese, like the 
Devil's, extended all over Christendom. This prelate is 
at least half a century behind the Age in w** he lives. 
He discountenances every Episcopal exertion not con- 
nected with his diocese, & in concordance with his High 
notions. God forgive him he knows not what spirit he 
is off. My intercourse with his Holiness is very rare, 
for I cannot bow to the golden image that he has set 
up, & do not aspire to martyrdom, to be cast into the 
fiery furnace of his wrath. Thank God that I live in a 
free country, where liberty of conscience is not fettered 
by ecclesiastical Tyrants. 

Friday [June] IV^. Dear Mother improves . . . 
She is yet too weak to walk abroad, possibly to Church 
next Sunday when a collection is to be made for the 
benefit of our Th[eologica]l Seminary. There is no end 
to collections in this city. I only wish that my purse 
were adequate. Had it not been for this circumstance 
I sh*^ have taken Sister & my namesake to St. Patricks 
Cathedral next Sunday morn^ where a collection is to 
be made for the benefit of their Orphan Assylum. I 
can however give my mite, but I sh'' have been gratified 
to hear the superb music usual on these occasions which 
attracts great numbers of other denominations & they 
generally get about $12,000. This Assylum, being 
strictly Roman Catholic, derives no benefit from our 
State School Fund, w'' is applied to public schools that 
are not sectarian. Such is our Orphan Assylum, where 
no distinction is made. The R. Catholics are over- 
whelmed with orphans, so many poor Irish die after a 
short residence in this city, martyrs, men & women, to 
intemperance. Ardent spirits are so cheap, that poor 
Pat & his wife Shelah cannot withstand the temptation. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 153 

Of course a large supply of orphan children are annually 
cast on the benevolence of the Catholics & tho gen- 
erally humble the Irish are very charitable & share their 
last potato with a famished fellow creature. It is the 
duty therefore of every Protestant citizen to assist them. 
Just after concluding the preceding page the Rev. M"" 
Robertson called. He is a slender delicate man, very 
ardent & very intelligent. In consequence of Bp. Ho- 
barts interdiction, he considers it prudent to leave this 
diocese, & preaches next week in Connecticut, under 
the auspices of Bp. Brownell, as he will thereafter in 
the Eastern diocese under those of Bp. Griswold. I 
went with him to our printer M"" Fanshaw who showed 
him all our power presses that work by steam, & the 
operation of printing is performed by females under the 
sup.intendence of a Foreman. I shall obtain a de- 
scription of a press & apparatus complete, wages of a 
Foreman, also of a Bindery on a limited scale, the cost 
of casting from the Tract So[ciety] of the pictures that 
enliven their Tracts, the same from the Union Sunday 
School S" so as to ascertain precisely what sum will 
be required to raise. When the Rev. M"" Hill arrives 
from Virginia who goes out also, for the purpose of es- 
tablishing schools, weekly & Sunday, for w'' with M^' H. 
he is eminently qualified, we will begin our lay efforts. 
But says one of my High Church men Bp. Hobart is 
opposed to the measure. I shall only work the harder, 
was my reply. I am no fair weather Christian. I can 
struggle & breast the N. Wester. . . . 

Sat^ [June] 12*\ Attended my vestry yest-^' P. M. 
Our Treas'" M'' Hamersley resigned after many years 
faithful gratuitous services, & with a hearty vote of 
thanks. M^ Fleming, Cashier of the Mechanic B*" an 
excellent man, a cousin of M"" Servoss was app[ointe]d 
in his place. At SVL' I attended at Ascension Church to 
hear the first performance of its new Organ, built by 
Erben, cost $2500, but I was too late. It is said to be 
very fine toned, but the recess is too deep, & it must be 
advanced more forward to give it effect. S^ Thomas 


Ch. is to have a similar one by the same builder. 
Altho' a more recent Congregation it has outstripped 
ours in this as in every other respect. My inveterate 
deafness alone prevents me from being one of its mem- 
bers. My French Church is looking out for a site for 
a new edifice. The present building is too old to be 
repaired & too low down for convenience. This object 
accomplished, sh'* I be spared to see it, & I shall resign 
my office as Warden w" I am no longer competent to fill. 
I shall have to remove the remains of my forefathers, a 
painful duty. This morn' the Rev'^ M"" Bayard surprized 
us at breakfast by his unexpected arrival on his way 
to Princeton. He stays till Monday. He [is] in quest 
of a call if possible to Trenton w** if successful will 
make his 4*** Church. It is owing to the unhappy state 
of M" B. that he has been obliged to change his resi- 
dence. He wishes, if possible, to collect a congregation 
in some of the new parts of our city. . . . 

Monday [June] 14"". Rain yest"" lowering & raw this 
day. Dear Mother recruits slowly, but does not come 
down stairs. Was at S' Thomas A. M., where a pitiful 
collect" of $30 was made in favour of our Th[eological] 
Sem^. Disgraceful. Such apathy & indifference to pro- 
mote the interests of our Church makes me sick. I was 
at M"" Eastburns Church p. m. to hear his new & very 
superior Organ. This is an animated zealous congreg". 
The Rev. M"" Bayard preached in the ev^ for his 
brother ^^ D"" Lyell in Christ Church. I did not go. He 
stays in town this day in hopes of seeing Bp. Hobart, 
who passes all his spare time in summer at his country 
seat near Springfield, N. J., of course very inaccessible 
to his clergy. Had he purchased when he bought this 
place, in the suburbs of this city when land was cheap, 
he w*^ have left a fortune to his family. As it is, they 
will never get back the money laid out for his improve- 
ments. M'' Bayard who looks up to his patron, will 
be governed I presume by his pleasure. Your brother 

1*^ Mrs. Lewis Pintard Bayard's brother-in-law. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 155 

has a beautiful 2 story house & 4 Lots of ground in 
Amity Street, a central elevated situation near Wash- 
ington Square rapidly increasing in population & at a 
distance from any other Episcopal Church. This he 
offers for $12,000, first cost w*" he was obliged to take 
for a debt. The house cost upwards of $5000 built 2 
years since by the unfortunate young man for his own 
residence, & is now unoccupied. The Rector is delighted 
with it & the prospect of gathering a congregation sh*^ 
the Bp. approve. I feel sanguine myself of his success, 
for he is well calculated to solicit aid & many in that 
quarter will afford it to enhance the value of their 
ground. ... At the late meeting of the Female Mis- 
s[ionar]y So[ciety] of S* Thomas, Mother was unani- 
mously elected a Directress, w" she accepts. It may 
prove innocent possibly useful occupation to her. While 
we were collecting $30 in S* Thomas, the Rom. Catholics 
in S^ Patricks collected $1000 for their Orphan Assylum. 
See what zeal can do. Cap* Holmes tells me that this is 
the last regular packet this season. Of course I shall 
hereafter write semi monthly by mail, unless anything 
extra sh*^ turn up. . . . 

Tuesday [June] IS**" . . . We walked to Amity S* in 
the aft. noon to show M"" Bayard the very pretty House 
adjoining the proposed lots for erecting a new Church, 
w*" pleased him much. Neat clean & unoccupied ready 
to receive his family at once, as soon as the measure 
shall be decided. He called on the Bishop last evening 
who heartily approves. He has gone to Princeton with 
elated hopes w'' I trust will not be disappointed. Poor 
man he has endured many trials. I hope all for the best 
& that at last he may find a resting place. As I contem- 
plated the lots I thought possibly that I was regarding 
the spot where I might lay my bones. In case of his 
success, I propose to build a vault & remove the remains 
of our family from the French Church Cemetery, to rest 
I trust in peace, which I wish to do in my day, & that 
soon for we shall sell or lease the site of our present 
Church, for one in the upper part of the city 


Wed'' [June] 16"* ... I send for the amusem* of y"" 
Alexandrians/'^ Miss Sedgwicks new novel of Clarence 
descriptive of the customs & manners of this city, it is 
said, & is well spoken of. She rec*^ $1200 for the copy- 
right. I cannot find time to look into the novels that 
overflow our country, altho' I amuse myself by going 
over the Waverlys. I send also 3 little Bibles for dear 
Helen, Julia & Lucy Ann, the Georgian proclamation & 
if out, the editorial of the Cherokee Phoenix, worthy 
the best day & best characters of our Rev[olutionar]y 
patriots, the author Elias Boudinot, a Cherokee educated 
by D"" Boudinot whose name he assumed. A proof that 
Indians are susceptible of civilization & education. The 
late Act of Congress enforcing their removal from the 
graves of their forefathers is an indelible disgrace to 
our country. As to Georgia, "Will I not visit for these 
things saith the Lord." 

You have likewise a notice of M"" J. L. Miltons con- 
templated Institute in N[ew] 0[rleans]. I hope it will 
not interfere with M""^ Smith. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Louisiana 

N York, Thur^ W"" June, 1830 

(Bunker Hill battle 1775) 

... I rec** a letter from Thomas [Servoss] of IS'". 
He is delighted with his situation at Board & in the 
Machine shop, where he goes @ 4i/4 A. M., Breakfast 
at 6, work at i/o p. 6, dines at 12, back 12% remains 
till 7i/i> p. m., in all 15 hours application. He has begun 
with the Turning Lathe & promises a specimen of his 
handywork. . . . 

Monday [June] 2P* ... I spoke of the Rev. M"" 
Bayard. Continuing the subject of my former letter, 
as this may reach you earliest. Let me repeat, that dis- 
contented with a starving country Church, & encum- 

1'^ Mr. and Mrs. John Harris Johnston, of Alexandria, Louisiana. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 157 

bered with a large family of really fine, indeed beautiful 
children, he came to town a fortnight ago with the 
intent of seeing whether he could obtain a living in 
Trenton, the Episcopal Minister of w" M"" Johnson ^^ is 
about retiring. On the prompt suggestion of y'' brother, 
he has changed his course, & is now endeavouring to 
collect a congregation in the upper part of this city, 
on the west side of Broadway, a rapidly populating 
district & many genteel Episcopal families. ... He re- 
turns home this ev*^ to bring down his family & enter 
upon his efforts to gather a congregation. . . . 

Tuesd-^' [June] 22". . . . Y"" brother attended an 
overflowing meeting in Masonic Hall, the 2*^ on Sunday 
Schools in y'" great valley, an admirable speech from 
Senator Frelinghuysen, taking a political view of the 
immense country, w*" at a future day is to rule the U 
States, & of the urgent necessity of enlightening & in- 
structing the rising generation. Collect [ion] $2000, in 
all in this city $15,000. In Phil" $25,000. We do more 
here for other purposes than Phil''. Boston no doubt & 
other parts will contribute. Sunday Schools & Libraries 
are to be established <k several have come forward as 
teachers. . . . 

\ [Addressed:] p"" Mail via Mobile 


i N York. Wed^ 23'^ June, 1830 

. . . The Rev. M"" Hare of Pennsy'' was maried yest^ 
to Bp. Hobarts 2^ daughter. I but just begin my Diary 
to say. that I return home early to be bled at 12 o'clock. 
My head distresses me so much, that I dread the heat 
of July. Our reformers are making more ado about the 
Booths usually erected at the Park & Battery, than what 
is right, in my opinion. It is now an antient practice. 

18 William Lupton Johnson, Rector of St. Michael's Church, Trenton, 
N. J. (Hamilton Schuyler, History of St. Michael's Church, Trenton, 
N. J. (Princeton, 1926), pp. 174, 175. 


Why sh'' we not rejoice on the Ann[iversar]y of Am. 
Independence, that glorious event. Let us regulate but 
not restrain. It is among the misfortunes incident to 
Church & State to be zealous overmuch. 

Thur^ [June] 24'*^. I was bled yest^, a pint, & my 
poor head feels relieved. . . . 

Saf [June] 26. ... I am getting my hand in to at- 
tend next mo [nth] at the Savings B'' taking the place 
of an invalid Trustee for the rem"" of this. ... I am 
loth to give up the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] & the 
S[aving]s B[ank]. I feel like a poor Mariner suspended 
by 2 ropes, certain if he quits his hold, that he must 
plunge into eternity. I dread the vacuum, w^ must soon 
come. My eyes failing, reading too much irritates them, 
otherwise my thirst for books is not allayed, but total 
want of compulsory occupation I dread. My mind is as 
yet too active to sink into vacancy or stupor, conse- 
quently some employm* however slight is a cordial to 
my health & spirits. 

Tuesd'' [June] 29*''. The favourable accounts of the 
probable recovery of George IV whose situation had 
been extremely critical are regarded as a signal inter- 
position of Providence in behalf of G. Britain, indeed 
of all Europe at this juncture. He is by far the ablest 
& most popular King of the House of Hanover that has 
ever filled the Throne. His death might have convulsed 
Europe. Indeed England is so much the centre of the 
commercial world that business, cotton esp^ has been 
stagnated during his imminent illness. Your brother 
experiences also the effects. He has had but a moderate 
share of business the past season. The affair of Frank- 
lin has been of detriment to him. . . . Yest^ closed the 
11*'' year of our Savings Bank, the last receiving day 
before Interest commencing P* July. The pressure was 
extreme, as also on Sat^. The receipts were Sat^, $14,498, 
yest^, $16,169.69. We opened 50 new accounts each day, 
& served yest^ at the rate of 2i/^ persons a minute, by 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 159 

w** you may judge of the perfection of our system & 
velocity of despatching business. ... A Hail storm that 
occured i^ p. 3 cooled the atmosphere & rendered the 
overcrowded room more comfortable than it w*^ have 
been. The worst is the contaminating effluvia from so 
many compound breaths & exhalations from their pes- 
tilential, almost, carcases. What a compound of vil- 
lainous smells. 

Wed^ 30*'^ June. . . . M'' B[ayard] came to town on 
his way to his son William to attend to business for the 
estate of D"" Boudinot. He left this for Albany at 12. 
More haste than good speed, for at V2 p. 4 P. M. young 
Samuel Stockton called at our door. He came express 
from Princeton in hopes of overtaking M"" B. before 
his departure. It was on the melancholly occasion of 
the unexpected death of M"" Washington who had been 
detained from coming on with y'" cousin Julia to be con- 
fined in August at her Mothers. His fever proved fatal. 
. . . Poor Aunt Patty will be overwhelmed for Julia, as 
you know, is her darling daughter. ... He ^^ became 
a communicant of our Church last winter, when at- 
tending the Legislature at Richmond, und[er] Bishop 
Moore, allied to our family. . . . Among the recent 
deaths in this city is that of my friend Lindley Mur- 
rays Wife leaving 8 children. I did not attend the 
funeral, as the distance out & home to the Friends 
burial ground was too great, at my age, & Mother for- 
bade my standing on the damp earth. Also M"" Henry 
MTarlane, Hardware Merchant, who died suddenly on 
a visit to his Iron Works. He was buried at Si/-, this 
morning in this city. He was one of the most active 
Trustees of our Theo [logical] Sem'' & his loss will not 
easily be replaced. . . . 

[Addressed:] p' Mail via Mobile 

'"William Augustine Washington. 


N York, Sat^ 3 July, 1830 

. . . Yest^' Sisters heavy baggage was despatched for 
Bath. This morn^ at 9, the whole family attended by 
y"" brother, take their Departure in the N. Utrecht Stage 
w*" comes over to Broome S^ so that I shall once again 
become the Solitaire. Thomas is expected to day to 
keep Independence on Monday w'' will enliven my soli- 
tude. . . . 

429 Broome S' 5^=^ July, 1830 
The 54"' Anni[versar]y of Am. Indep[endenc]e oc- 
curing on Sunday, the celebration takes place this day, 
& a finer day c*^ not be wished for. I took a walk after 
breakfast down B*^way, literally alive with crowds of 
people from the country who flock from all quarters to 
see Independence. It delights me to witness so many 
happy faces, men women. Boys, Girls, & children all fol- 
lowing the military & civil processions or enjoying them- 
selves in the booths, crowded with guests partaking of 
every kind of luxury eatable & drinkable, & in profusion. 
Fruits de pays, Oranges & pine apples by thousands. 
In these last this city has been most abundantly & very 
reasonably supplied. Sister has made some most de- 
lightful sweetmeats of pines. Yest^ I attended the Sac- 
rament at S'^ Thomas' alone, for our family all went to 
Bath Sat^' morn*''. Thomas arrived yest^' morn°. I shall 
send a copy of the very appropriate service for the An- 
ni[versar]y selected by Bp. Hobart from what is called 
the proposed prayer book, w" contained an appropriate 
service for the 4*'' July. From whatever cause, it was 
rejected, & our Book of Common Prayer contains not 
a single Thanksgiving for this greatest of national events 
& blessings. At midnight the Boys began with their pis- 
tols & crackers which have been incessant ever since. 
I rejoice that poor mother is out of the way, for her 
nerves w*^ have been shattered to pieces. It is now high 
noon, & the Bells are ringing throughout the City & the 
Artillery roaring at the Battery. . . . 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 161 

Sat^ [July] 17*". Excessive heat. Glad that our 
folks are at Bath. Y"" brother went over yest^ to re- 
turn Sunday p. m. If spared my turn comes on Tuesday 
to Thur^', so we alternate & do not leave the house alone. 
The Rev. IVP Bayard commences his enterprize tomor- 
row. I shall attend to make up one of the small number 
that may be expected. He begins at an unfavourable 
period when all that can, leave the city. However there 
must be a beginning & his efforts merit success. He 
deserves credit for his exertions, having no help, to hunt 
up a Clerk, prayer books &c" w*" keeps him running from 
one to tother end of the city & withal, writing a sermon 
for the occasion. God speed him. The last Sunday of 
this month, my French Church closes for 2 months, when 
I will go to M"" B's upper Chamber. Several propitious 
circumstances have favoured him. He has obtained a 
large commodious room in the Military Hall, furnished 
with Desk & Benches & suitable for worship. . . . 

I must enjoin it on Mother to give my poor Mothers 
old fashioned wedding ring to Mary, w*" I believe yet 
exists. If she does, it must not be altered, but be re- 
tained as a piece of family relict, now 74 years old. I 
think my parents were married in 1757. I hope to hear 
in y"" next our Darlings decision, watch or tea set. All 
the same to me. Let her make her unbiassed choice. 
The latter probably, as most conspicuous, & if so, she 
shall have the handsomest & most fashionable set the 
city affords. At this season, our silver smiths are all 
actively employed making up orders for the southerns 
who visit the Springs. It is surprizing the amount of 
money which these free hearted people scatter among us. 
The whole cotton crop of some plantations go to bear 
traveling charges & purchase fashionable articles to as- 
tonish the natives at their return. The better for our 
northern industry & for them too, if it makes them 
happy. To mark the difference of season betwen us, y"" 
brother took over watermelons, the first of our country 
production, yest^ & this day I bought the first green corn 


that has come to market. Roasting ears will soon be 

plenty at Bath for our younkers 

[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

N York, Monday IQ*** July, 1830. Excessive heat 

. . . Yest^ the Rev. M"" Bayard commenced the for- 
mation of his new Church in the upper part of the 
city. I attended with 10 males 10 Females & 14 children 
a good opening. The day was oppressively hot & the 
season is ag* as not only most genteel, but also decent 
families abandon the city & to these he is to look for 
support. . . . 

Sat-^ [July] 24*" July p. m. . . . I attended this 
morn^ at 8 the funeral of M" Wilkes formerly Rogers, a 
rich widow & proprietor of Bath House. She had been 
troubled with Erysipelas & accidental exposure to the 
heat of the sun induced apoplexy & terminated her life, 
in the 65th year of age. She was an agreeable lady & 
her two sons & daughter M" Rhinelander, always very- 
civil to mother & me. . . . 

Wall S* Monday [July] 26*". I had a most oppres- 
sive aft.noon on Saf. We served 243 customers, the 
room was crowded to excess, air stagnant, indeed 
fetid. . . . 

Savings B[an]k, 4l^ p. m. I was so interrupted & 
called off this morning that I c*^ proceed no further. 
The Funding Com"* of this Bank of w" I am one was 
deliberating on the purchase of $100,000 Pensylv" 5 p' c* 
Stock, on w" we concluded. This of course engrossed 
my attention. It is more pleasant this aft.noon, but still 
hot. . . . 

Wall S* Tues^ [July] 27*" 

The Rev. M"" Bayard had an election yest^ p. m. for 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 163 

his vestry composed of respectable characters. His 
Church is named S' Clements. 
[Addressed:] p' Mail via Mobile 

New York, Friday 30''' July, 1830 

... By the way, our post master has desired that 
distant letters sh*^ not be sealed with sealing wax, w" 
becoming heated, adheres to other letters & often defaces 
their addresses. . . . 

Saturday [July] 3V\ Beautiful day. . . . The foun- 
dation stone of S' Clements -° was laid by Bp. Hobart 
attended by Bp. Croes & several of the Clergy on Thur^ 
at 6 p. m. I was not ret*^ from Bath to be present. Y' 
brother say[s] that M' Bayard delivered a very neat 
address on the occasion. . . . 

Monday 2*^ Aug*. A most elegant day after a power- 
ful rain. ... A letter from Mother. She recruits but 
apprehends that her strength will never return until she 
goes to housekeeping, w*" if in my power I will gratify 
her. Indeed it is time to swarm. Four children are 
eno[ugh] for Sister, without old folks, & Mother makes 
such distinction between Pintard & Boudy, as is painful 
to their father. The latter is never permitted to put his 
foot in her room. I endeavour to carry an even hand 
between them, & not to show a partiality w*" sometimes 
creates envy & jealousy as they grow up. Certainly if 
Mother can find a neat dweling for $300, as she says she 
can, I will make every exertion to gratify her. ... I 
wish instead of housekeeping, plague of servants & all 
the worrying incident thereto, that she w*^ consent to 
go to lodging in some neat family, where our comfort w*^ 
be greater, & our expenses defined. . . . 

20 On the south side of Amity (now West Third) Street, between 
MacDougal and Sullivan Streets. The building was demolished in 1910. 
St. Clement's is now (1940) located at 423 West 46th Street, New York 


Savings B[an]k, 4i/i p. m. My own regular tour of 
duty expired with July, on Sat^ ev^. 317 new ace** were 
opened thro' the month. ... I am taking the turn un- 
til this day week for an excellent man, a Methodist, who 
is attending Camp Meeting. This Society must experi- 
ence benefit from these meetings w"" have now lasted 
seven years, or they w** be abandoned. . . . Tomorrow 
is Commencement day in Columbia College. Perhaps I 
write under its benign influence. My deafness alone pre- 
vents my attendance w*" I w^ do in compliment to M"" 
Duer, who appears for the first time as president. I un- 
derstand that he is very eflBcient & much esteemed. Ex- 
cepting my Bishop, he enjoys one of the best gifts in 
this state, Harvard excepted, probably in the U*^ States. 
I mean Academical. On Saturday was the examination 
of the Flushing Institute, w" flourishes. . . . 
[Addressed:] p"" mail via Mobile 

N York, Wed^ 4''^ Aug\ 1830. beautiful day 

. . . The Rev. M"" Bayards family arrived yest^ 
p. m. ¥"■ brother walked up in the ev^. Madam B. is 
pleased with the house, w*" tho' small is neat & com- 
modious. . . . Thur^ [August] 5'*". . . . What a dis- 
tressing picture you draw of young S. Smith. Indeed 
his destitute mother appears destined to drain the Cup 
of Affliction to the dregs. Of all curses, that of intem- 
perance is among the most bitter. We have experienced 
it in poor Uncle Lewis, & indeed Brasher. ... A most 
dreadful instance of this mal organization occurred in 
the Rev. Hooper Cummings, son of my friend Gen. Cum- 
mings. He possessed the finest genius, wrote well, & was 
an elegant person & eloquent preacher. He read a Psalm 
equal to his mentor, D"" Smith. From his early boyhood, 
thro school, college & divinity school, he had a strange 
perversity towards lying, & appeared a radical lyar. No 
warning no reproof c'^ check him till it eventually ruined 
him with his brethren. He was compelled to leave New- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1830 165 

ark. Having preached verbatim a particular sermon of 
Topladys, high Calvinistic, on being charged with the 
fact, he roundly denied, & on giving his MS. discourse 
to some ministers, charged with the investigation, it was 
found to be a literal transcript from the printed volume. 
Thro many gradations from bad to worse, at Albany & 
in this city, he was obliged to change his ground for 
Charleston, where shortly after his arrival he died. He 
broke his mothers heart, still living. My friend his 
father, regarded his son persecuted, w'' was not the fact. 
He fell a victim to intemperance. . . . 

Sat^ [August] 7*\ The arrival of the packet Man- 
chester gives the official acc'^ of the decease of George 
IV . . . It is probable that his successor William IV will 
make no violent changes in the ministry, which will 
confirm the tranquillity of the nation & prove auspicious 
to Europe & America, for G. Britain is the centre of the 
civilized world. The French, so far, have been suc- 
cessful against Algiers w*" will probably fall into their 
hands, & then this nest of pirates will be annihilated. It 
is marvellous that it sh*^ have endured so long, & that 
our young nation sh'^ have been the only one to have 
curbed their insolence. . . . 

[Addressed:] p"" Mail via Mobile 

New York. Friday 13''' Aug^ 1830 

The Talma is to sail on Monday. I shall put up y"" 
papers, the Observers, to go by her. The packets hence- 
forward will sail regularly V & 15*^ I find that Cap* 
Holmes has dissolved connection with M"" Foster, cause 
to me unknown. . . . 

Sunday Sept. [sic for August] 15. ... I attended 
M"" Bayards Church. He had quite a full congregation 
w*" is encouraging, but he has 3 children down with fever, 


& M" B. is far from smart. This is a pull back. He 
showed me a letter from Princeton. His mother has 
recovered but sister Julia, going abroad too soon has re- 
lapsed. Princeton I believe is sickly just now. The city, 
probably is as healthy at present as the country. . . . 

M"" Bayards Church, that is to be, or place of worship, 
that is, is a full mile or more from our abode. I love 
the By-ways, where I can see the humbler tenants of 
our great city, clad in their Sunday clothes, where I 
am aside of the region of false curls, & where free to 
follow nature is the mode, where plainness & neatness 
characterise every female, where furbelowed sleeves do 
not elbow the solitaire off the footwalk, where all, father, 
mother, children, appear with cheerful countenances, 
thanking God, in language louder & more forcible than 
words, that there is one day in seven when High, Low, 
Rich & Poor can meet & boast, The Lord is the Maker 
of us all. . . . 

Monday [August] W^ . . . Sister is longing after a 
beautiful House, near Bath, situate on Utrecht Mount, 
overlooking our beautiful Bay, scenery & harbour. The 
House is a double one, 2 stories, 5 acres land improved, 
price $4000, or less. Your brother rode round on Sat^ 
to look at it, but it is infested with musquitos, & altho 
high, several ponds in the vicinity render the whole 
vicinity subject to fevers by the malaria, so that how- 
ever enchanting the prospect, it will never do to pur- 
chase an unhealthy seat. Sister had set her heart on it, 
& will be disappointed. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

N York, Friday 2P* [^c for 20th] Aug*, 1830 

On my way down I stopped at every watchmakers to 
enquire after an old time eight day clock, but in vain. 
They are seldom to be met with, the old fashioned folk 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 167 

retaining, like myself & you, these family relics. I shall 
continue my researches at the Furniture Auctions, but 
with little hope. New modern clocks in mahogany cases 
cost from $60 to 75 Doll". I had once a very beautiful 
Clock, w*" I bot of Aunt Cortlandt for $50, but g'^ma 
Brasher sold it & likewise gave away to rid herself of 
my old trumpery, a superb Dutch Cass or Wardrobe 
nicely carved, as black as Ebony with age, w*" cost origi- 
nally in Holland £100 or $250, a great deal of money 
2 centuries ago. It was to be sure an unweildy piece of 
Furniture, but had it remained to me I w*^ not take twice 
its cost for it. Sic transit gloria mundi. 

Saturday [August] 2P*. Savings B[an]k where I 
have brought my letter to relate the issue of my re- 
searches for y' Clock. On my return home yest^ I de- 
termined to call at the Furniture Auction Stores scat- 
tered along B'^way. The first I entered was an extensive 
one near Wall S' where I saw a plain modern clock suit- 
able for a kitchen Hall, cheap at $12. This was not y' 
clock. On going above stairs into a spacious saloon 
filled with sofas chairs & tables I saw in a retired corner 
the very article of w"" I was in pursuit. On enquiry it 
was a piece of family furniture, cost $100, price fixed 
$35. If a good time piece, it was mine. On chaffering 
the Auctioneer told me he w"^ take $30. I returned to 
y"" brothers store to get him to bargain for it. He was 
luckily in & having occasion to call at the B'' of N York. 
I crossed over to a Watchmaker to enquire whether he 
c*^ clean a Clock, & on describing it. He said that it was 
the very Clock that he was to repair previous to being 
sold. That it had belonged to a M' Henry Tenbrook 
lately deceased, & that his daughter wished to sell it for 
$35. S*^ to have cost $100 & to be an excellent clock. 
Your brother desired him to examine the works, & if as 
described to bring it to his shop in the afternoon. I 
called this morn° when M' Bedient showed me the clock, 
w^ required some repairs besides cleaning. The whole 
to cost with a new glass $6, that a Box w'^ cost $1 or 
more, porterage & freight probably $3, so that $40 mav 


deliver for my beloved daughter an excellent Hall Clock 
agreeable to her wishes. The Dial plate corresponds with 
that at Princeton, Hours, Minutes & second hands, tells 
the day of the month & shows the phases of the Moon, 
w'' my good old Uncles did not. The case is mahogany, 
fluted corners & fluted pillars to the top, very neat & 
complete. The works are excellent & will be put in com- 
plete order & carefully boxed up to go by the Kentucky 
P' Sept. If it arrives safe I warrant that it will [please] 
you. Had I traversed the city thro' I c'^ not have found 
one more to my liking. So much for the Clock, and 
now to a less pleasing subject. I have come down to 
the Bank with an aching head & troubled heart. Last 
night at 9 o'clock, the Rev. M"" Bayard lost his oldest 
daughter Matilda, his housekeeper & helpmate to her 
mother. 4 of his daughters have been ill of fever since 
coming from Princeton. . . . After an early breakfast 

I called on M"" Bayard & found him composed, bearing 
his severe visitation with a truly Xt" spirit becoming a 
Minister of the Gospel. I left him with the Rev. D*" 
Lyall who had married M'"^ Bayards sister. A tender 
kind hearted man. The undertaker M"" Coates was sent 
for, a competent man to attend to the funeral, to take 
place by the Doctors advice, this afternoon at 6. . . . 

Savings B[an]k Monday [August] 23'' p. m. On my 
return home Sat^ I found Sister & family safe arrived 
& ready for Tea. Sister had nothing to do but to sit down 
in her house all ready prepared & cleaned from nursery 
to kitchen. We did not know M"" Servoss' worth as a 
housekeeper till now. 

Tues^ [August] 24*\ Dear Mother did not come 
home yest^ but intend to return this very fine day. . . . 
My old friend Col. Willet died 22^ inst aged 90 years 

II days. He was the Nestor of the officers of the revo- 
lution, some of whom are Heros in the newspapers, but 
he was a Hero in the field. When a obituary is published 
I will send it to you. He is to be buried with every 
military honour that can be testified. I am invited as 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 169 

a pall bearer w" I respect as an honour from his family, 
a proof as the invitation was expressed of the estimation 
he had for me. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

To Lewis Marsden Davidson, of New Orleans 

New York, 27*'' AugS 1830 
[My] dear G[ran]dson Marsden 

By the Ohio arrived 17*'' Aug. I received your letter 
[of] 22*^ July, giving a description of your dear Sister 
Eliza's delightful abode in the Pine Groves. You call 
her M" Johnston. This is too formal between brother 
& sister. You sh*^ always mention her as Sister Eliza 
or Sister Johnston. In our family we always give mar- 
ried sisters the names of their husbands, for instance 
Sister Davidson, Sister Servoss (fee". There may be 
among connections on both sides, more than one Eliza 
or Louisa, by adopting the husbands name there can be 
no confusion or mistake. This for your guidance. I am 
glad that you are pleased with Crabb's Synonymes. 
Make constant reference to it & the nice distinctions be- 
tween words of near resemblance but actual difference 
will soon become familiar to you & render your language 
select & correct. . . . For acquiring knowledge you will 
be infinitely better off with M"" Lea, who if he appoints 
you his deputy, it will add to y"" importance w*" your 
own good conduct, fidelity & assiduity to the duties of 
his ofiBce will I feel confident sustain, besides dear 
mother says that y'" salary is to be increased. I am 
happy that your talents are in such requisition, a proof 
of your rising reputation. You say that you have read 
Blackstone through, which, if properly performed 
shows your diligence. Blackstone is a work to be studied, 
not only read. You say that you read my advice to you, 
contained in dear mothers letter. I trust that you 
approve it, and as a reward for following it I shall 


forward by the Kentucky Chancellor Kents Lectures in 
4 Volumes, $18, a dear work, but highly esteemed, esp^ 
the V\ on the Law of Nations, of w*" a separate edition 
was printed for the use of statesmen & general readers. 
The Author ranks very very high among civilians & 
jurisprudists, as well a[t] home as abroad. Sh'* I meet 
with any Law works among my books I will give them 
to you, but I poss[ess] few or none. When I relin- 
quished the pursuit of the law [I] rid myself of them, 
little anticipating that I should be blessed, I hope, with 
a g[ran]dson who may be destined, if he pleases, to be 
an honour to the profession. If I can find my copy of 
the Federalist I will send it, otherwise will endeavour 
to procure one for you. Being out of print it is a scarce 
book, but ought to be on every lawyers & Statesmans 
shelf. Did not Judge Smith leave behind a good law 
Library to w'' you can have access? I recommend in 
course, Hargrave, Coke, Littleton, w*" I once studied with 
delight & improvement. It gives the very mar[r]ow 
of English law. . . . 

4*'' Oct^ Among the Books sent is Wo[r]cesters 
Chronological & Biographical Chart with his Illustra- 
tions. By studying it you will more readily impress 
upon y' memory the course of Historical events & dates 
of eminent men thro' the Streams of Time. The plan 
is after D"" Priestlys w*" I once had well by memory & 
can therefore speak practically of its utility. . . . There 
is also a copy of Buttersworths Concordance to hunt 
up Texts, at which Thomas is very dexterous. Read 
attentively, on Sundays, Leslies Short Method with the 
Deists & West on the resurrection, to establish & con- 
firm y"" Faith in Divine revel [atiojn. Do not forget my 
dear Marsden the early impressions made on y"" mind 
when at Flushing Institute. Be assured that ''the Scrip- 
tures are not a cunningly devised fable," and the Doc- 
trine of the Trinity, altho above our fallible reason, is 
below our humble Faith. What pains & study these sub- 
jects have afforded me I cannot express. I thank my 


God that my Faith in both arises from conviction & 
not from a mere bhnd wish. Search the Scriptures for 
in them you have all truth & as you advance in years 
you will have more & more cause to rejoice that you 
were born of Xt° parents. That God may bless & in- 
fluence your mind to be a humble & faithful servant of 
our Lord & Saviour Jesus Christ, is the devout wish & 
prayer of 

Y^ aff' g^father 

John Pintard 
[Addressed:] M"" L. Marsden Davidson 

New Orleans 
Ship Alabama 

To Mrs. Richard Davidson 
N York Bank for Savings, Monday 30^'' Aug*, 1830 

I regret to mention that our Rev*^ kinsman L. P. 
Bayard lost his oldest daughter Matilda in her IT**" year, 
after a short illness of fever which she brought with 
her from Princeton. This is a distressing event as she 
was his housekeeper. Her mother is a decayed body & 
have now 7 children, 5 girls 2 boys, beautiful girls & 
the youngest 10 months a perfect cherub. I am writing 
amid a great deal of tumult occasioned by a man who 
endeavoured to committ a fraud, representing himself 
for another person. He is just sent to the police office 
for examination. A faithful diligent Trustee of this 
Bank has no trifling trust or duty to perform. We 
have this day purchased from a J\I'" Taylor of y'" city 
$66,000 of y' Corporation. Your brother negotiated for 
M^ Taylor. We were in treaty for $134,000 more with 
M"" Yeatman who declined our offer which M"" Taylor 
took. M"" Yeatman operates very largely in money con- 
cerns & is a valuable friend of y"" brother, who having 
stood the shock of Franklin's wdll I trust another season 
sail once more before the wind. He has done pretty 


well the last & is still obtaining consignments. His 
judgment in cotton is superior to any mans in this 

According to y suggestion I have invested Darlings 
Saving Bk. fund wanting a trifle of $160, in a splendid 
watch & equipage. The former of the very best quality 
fully jeweled, cost $120 & the equipage $40, exactly her 
money. She is indebted to her uncle for hunting up & 
cheapening the watch w** g'^ma selected as also the chain 
& trinkets. 

Wed-^ P* Sept' . . . This morn^ I treated mother to 
some fine oysters, the prohibition against offering them 
for sale having ceased to the great joy of our gourmands 
whose appetite for oysters is insatiable. Mother relished 
them. Cool weather will restore her appetite & strength. 
... To our great joy High School & Infant School be- 
gan this day. Both boys glad to get loose from their 
confinement & both in high health. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Kentucky 

with a small Packet 

to the care of Cap* Jackson 

N York, Sat'' 4"' Sept', 1830 

On the P* inst. y' Cousin Julia Washington was put 
safe to bed with a fine daughter, to the great joy of 
the Clermont Family. On Thur'' 2^ the excavation of 
the ground for the Rev. M' Bayards new Church, called 
S* Clements, was commenced. The edifice is after the 
Gothic style, a very handsome elevation, contract price 
$13,000, the walls to be raised & covered in by Decem' 
next & the work completed by June next. The front 
is to be of white marble, the Building of a full size, with 
a basement for a Lecture room & Sunday Schools. Your 
brother takes great interest in promoting this object. 
We were astounded on the 2^ with the marvellous news 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 173 

of a complete Revolution in France, begun & ended, 
probably, in one week. . . . Dear Mother continues 
poorly & is much dispirited w*" retards her recovery. She 
insists that this is her last illness, but Francis assures 
me that there is no cause for apprehension. . . , 

Monday [September] 6"". Our dear little Pintard 
has been extremely ill with chill terminating in a high 
fever. . . . D'' Francis absent D' M'Lean his locum 
tenens attended & prescribed the most active remedies, 
evacuating the stomach & bowels. The violent opera- 
tion of antimony sent the blood so to his head, that he 
was bled & leeches applied. After this process, an ano- 
dyne was prescribed. He fell into a profound sweat & 
sleep & rested for the first time in 3 nights. Happily 
I knew nothing of his danger when I went to attend the 
sacrament in M"" Bayards Church. 31 communicants. 
When I returned & entered y'' Sisters room, seeing a 
strange physician & our dear patient in a torpor under 
the operation of the leeches I was appalled. D' M''Lean, 
Aunt Helens quondom suitor told me that he had con- 
fidence in his prescriptions. . . . This day I am to at- 
tend, by app[ointmen]t a meeting of the Bergen 
Aux[iliar]y B[ible] S[ociety] & to dine with Col. 
Varick at Powlas Hook. . . . 

Wed^ [September] 8'^ Broome S'. . . . Altho' the 
walk home was very fatiguing, after changing my dress, 
I went to Niblos Saloon to view the display of Fruits 
by the Horticultural Society, w'' was superb indeed, far 
surpassing every former exhibition. I did not know 
which to admire most the Fruits & Flowers or the 
Beauty & Fashion that surrounded them, altho' my 
mind was little attuned to such refined contemplation. 
The Saloon was crowded with fashionables, attracted 
like myself by this splendid exhibition. The Society 
dined together & regaled on all the luxuries of the table. 
Till this year I have been a member but never dined, as 
I have long refrained from public dinners. I wish my 


old friend D' Mitchill w*^ follow my example, his weak- 
ness on these occasions always degrades him. A pity 
that a philosopher sh'^ render himself contemptible in 
the eyes of the vulgar. A superb Ball was to have been 
given by the So[ciety] this ev^ & the Fruit reserved 
for the Ladies, but an accident to the Gasometer causes 
it to be postponed till next Monday ev^ when the prin- 
cipal attraction the display of Fruits will be marred. 
In this great metropolis there is no end to the succes- 
sion of amusements w*" are esp^ gratifying to the south- 
erns who are beginning to return from their summer 
excursions. It is astonishing what numbers, esp'' of S° 
Carolinians migrate north; to escape the heats & mala- 
dies of their climate, altho this season it has been but 
an exchange of one furnace for another. Like you I 
have never experienced it hotter. This day however is 
overcast & cooler. I mentioned that I was going to 
Bergen to attend a meeting of its Aux[iliar]y B[ible] 
S[ociety]. Altho within 21/2 miles of Powlas Hook yet 
situate aside of the main road I was never in this antient 
town before. It is a Dutch place settled originally by 
the garrison of Fort Amsterdam. The veriest boors of 
all the Dutch emigrants, who have retained their sim- 
plicity & almost rusticity to this very day, & appear to 
be a distinct nation within themselves, not to be com- 
pared with the congregation of N. Utrecht who are a 
different race refined by the numerous French families 
that mixed among them. 

(Wall St) We dined at Col. Varicks. where I partook 
of the finest corn & beans I eve[r] ate. Sweet corn. 
Have you the species with you, as sweet as sugar. The 
Col. gave an address as did M"" Nitchie our Gen' Ac- 
countant & the Rev*^ M" Brigham Sec''. I c*^ not but 
feel a veneration for the descendants of the Dutch sol- 
diers, who by their proximity to this city, their thrift 
& economy are all rich. Bergen from time immemorial 
has always been famous for its cabbages, w*" are trans- 
ported in great quantities to the south, so that the cul- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 175 

tivation extends. Their veal is considered the finest that 
comes to our market. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

[By Ship] Louisiana 

N YoKK, Thur^" 9*'^ Sept^. 1830. 1 p. m. 

Wed^ [September] lo"". Pintard picking up. Aunt 
Patty, M' B[ayard] & son dined with us yest^ & mother 
came to table on the occasion for the first time. She 
will I hope gain strength before winter sets in. Bp. 
Hobart while on his visitations was taken with bilious 
fever at Auburn 2*^ inst. His symptons tho' violent, 
mitigated, but on Sat^ last IV^ inst. became so alarm- 
ing that the Sacrament was administered to him. He 
died on Sunday morn" 12"". His remains are to be trans- 
fered to this city & he will no doubt have a pompous 
funeral at the expense of T[rini]ty Ch. which permitted 
Bp. Provost to be buried at the expense of his family. 
He was an active, ambitious High Church prelate, & 
will be canonized by his party as such. I c*^ not nor 
did not go all lengths with him, esp^ in his opposition 
to the Am. Bible So[ciety] & indifference to our Gen. 
Theol[ogica]l Sem^ w*" he did all in power to degenerate 
into a Diocesan School. He has however gone to his 
account & let him rest. I hope he is better off as I trust 
our Diocese will be. Perhaps a sketch of his character 
may appear in the Ev[enin]g Post, w'* I will inclose. 
Who is to be his successor will be the subject of clerical 
intrigue. The Rev. D"" Onderdonck will no doubt be 
pushed by the High Church predominating party. Our 
Convention meets 7"^ Oct. but I sh<^ think so important 
an election ought to be postponed till the Convention 
of 1831. D"" Milnor absent in Eng"^ is out of the question 
for Bp. H's satellites are violently opposed to him, in 
consequence of his attachm* to the A[merican] B[ible] 
S[ociety] & living in Friendship with ministers of other 


denominations. I cannot be altogether an indifferent 
looker on, altho' I shall take no active part. Were it 
in my choice it w*^ be D"" Milnor, as a truly evangelical 

Thur^ [September] 16*^ Bp. Hobarts funeral takes 
place this aft.noon with every respect that can be paid 
to his memory. . . . Our dear Pintard -^ improves fast. 
... I see you very busy preparing for Pintards -^ sail- 
ing, next week, 22*^. May he have a propitious pas- 
sage. . . . 

N York, Friday, 17"^ Sept^ 1830 

I had just delivered my letter yest*' to go by the 
Louisiana, & ret*^ to the office, when y"" brother stepped 
in & asked me "if I wished to hear good news?" Cer- 
tainly. You have another g^'son in N. Orleans, & put 
the Doctors letter of 29*" Aug* into my hands. I confess 
I was astounded, & immed-'' wrote a short line in time 
to go by the L[ouisiana] to acknowledge rec* of these 
happy tidings. ... I have constituted my dear young- 
est g'^son (for the present) Thomas Servoss Davidson, 
member for life of the Am. Bible So[ciety] & will send 
the certificate in the Clock cast on P* Oct. next. . . . 
Now all my g^'sons & parents are members for life of 
our great beneficent A. B. S. Yest^ p. m. the late Bp. 
Hobarts Funeral was attended by an immense concourse 
from the Rectory House to Trinity Ch. The aft.noon 
was raw & cold. I felt chilled, & returned home after 
going to the place, on the moving of the corpse. . . . 
Bp. Hobart was eminent, altho' I c^ not accord with his 
high Ch[urch] notions nor policy of Ch. government. 
. . . Bp. Moore of Virginia officiated, D' Onderdonk 
preached who is to be the successor. I hope Bishop 
Brownell, but there is no chance of this. 

21 John Pintard Servoss. 

22 John Pintard Davidson, on his way to Philadelphia, to enter the 
Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 177 

Monday [September] 20'". Our Piiitard too impa- 
tient to wait, dined at table on Sat^. . . . The praises 
of our late Bishop were in the Churches yest''. Much 
fulsome adulation on the occasion. The robes of many 
of our ministers are lined with the Fox fur of hypocrisy. 
Few dare allow, as yet, that they are glad for his decease. 
A lust of elimination & a contentious spirit were his 
characteristics, with a bigotted intolerant spirit ag* Pres- 
byterians. It is a little remarkable that the 3 Bishops 
violently opposed to the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] 
are no more, Bp. Kemp of AlaryP taken down by over- 
throw in a stage in 27, Bp. Ravenscroft of N. Carolina, 
the last spring, after a short illness at home, & now Bp. 
Hobart from home. God overrules all for the best, raises 
up & puts down. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

N York, Wed^' 6*'> Oct^ 1830 

. . . M" Dodd came to town yesf & brought a 
letter from Aunt Betsey w" I shall forward by the next 
packet. She stays with her husbands parents, & her 
Rev. brother. . . . 

Thur^ [October] 7'". . . . Dear little Pintard was at- 
tacked yest^ with chill & fever, ascribed to me, for taking 
him to market in the morn^. Perhaps rightly. He is 
as delicate as his brother is rugged. Too effeminate for 
a boy. No doubt the seeds of his first fever were owing 
to N. Utrecht, as well as his g'^mothers, who took hers 
by imprudent exposure to the midday sun, returning 
from Miss Cortelyou's, a little west from whose house 
lies a low meadow w" has been banked in, for several 
years past, & this once healthy residence & the country 
around has gradually been more & more exposed to 
bilious fever. The inhabitants of N. Utrecht have re- 
cently held a town meeting to investigate the cause of 
this modern Fever, w" is ascribed to the afs*^ meadow. 


Measures will no doubt be adopted to remove the em- 
bankment & to let the tide flow in as of yore, & thus 
render that part of the island as salubrious as of old. 
Otherwise Bath house will be deserted. 

Sat^' [October] 9'^. A hard N. E. rain much wanted. 
The country this way has suffered with a long drought. 
. . . Yest^ the Rev. Benj" T. Onderdonk was elected 
Bishop of this Diocese, by a majority of 6 clerical & 
15 Lay deputies over several other candidates. I find 
that Bp. Brownell was not set up by his friends. What 
I cant swallow I must pocket. The reign of terror thank 
God is over. With all the disposition he has not the 
talents of his predecessor to tyrannize over the Diocese. 
He is a man in point of talents below mediocrity, & 
selected & supported merely because he was the echo 
of Bp. Hobart. A better race of presbyters is springing 
up who will think & act for themselves. So let it pass. 

Tuesday [October] 12'*". ... I have to record the 
death of another friend, Major James Fairlie, AE. 73. 
He is to be interred this day with military honours. He 
served a brave officer during the whole revol[utionar]y 
war, & was one of Baron Steuben's aids. A man of ready 
but sarcastic wit, with whom in our day I have fre- 
quently tilted. From a friend he became a bitter foe 
of De Witt Clinton, whose elevation he strenuously op- 
posed, as he did the great enterprize of our western 
canal, solely, least it should redound to M"" Clinton's 
honour & popularity. . . . 

Wed^ [October] 13*\ At my return home yest^ 21/2 
p. m. being detained at the Seamans Bank, Mother told 
me that somebody wished to speak with me in the par- 
lour. Taking it to be some lady, what was my surprize 
to find your dear Pintard. ... He is certainly a comely 
graceful youth, easy modest & of preposs[ess]ing man- 
ners, with every indication of a correct sound mind, & 
of amiable disposition. He is all, externally, that we 
c*^ wish, & with the benefit of two medical courses will 
I trust do honour to his profession. We walked up to 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 179 

see S' Clements, M"" Bayards Church, & in the ev^ his 
uncle took him to the Academy of Fine Arts to view 
some superb paintings. This morn^ at 4 Thomas ar- 
rived happy to meet his former companion . . . [Pin- 
tard] told me that he has written [to New Orleans] 
from Phila[delphia] where he has taken excellent lodg- 
ings with a lady at $4 a week, w** is reasonable. . . . 
Thomas returns on Friday night to be in the machine 
shop on Sat^ where he is charged with keeping the work- 
mens ace*" . . . 

[Addressed:] per Mail via Mobile 

[By Ship] Tennessee 

N York Searaens B'' for Savings 13"^ Oct., 1830 

I have had little oppo[rtunity] to converse with Pin- 
tard, & this rainy aft. noon w*" w'^ have been favourable 
I am again obliged to travel down, thro thick & thin, to 
attend the monthly meeting of the Trustees of our Sav- 
ings B", w'' cannot be held without the presence of a 
Presid' or V. Pres* of whom we have three, but as my 
punctuality is proverbial they never turn out in bad 
weather. . . . 

Friday [October] 15"'. . . . There is to be a party 
at M" Schenck's this ev^ . . . Thomas & his cousin will 
represent our family. The Misses Teller & other ladies 
from Fishkill are there & return tomorrow at 7. Pintard 
talks of going with the party & come back on Tuesday, 
so as to set off for PhiP on Thur'' where he will be in 
ample time to deliver his letters of introduction & to 
make calls before the P* Nov"" after w*" I hope that he 
will devote himself to his studies. On further conver- 
s[atio]n with him last ev^ I find that there w^as no occa- 
sion for my hint respecting the dangers of female so- 
ciety, that matter being fixed he told me, having left 


his heart in the safe keeping of Miss Carr,-^ to whom 
he send some music as a love token. He says that she 
performs on the piano splendidly. 

New York, Sat^ 16*'^ Oct^ 1830 
beautiful day 

As the cousins passed the evening or night I pre- 
sume, at M'"'' Schencks I rose 14 past to call them up 
so as to leave home a little past 6, to be alongside the 
steam boat to depart at 7. I found Thomas prepared 
& your dandy son making ready. William who took 
down their baggage reported that they were in good 
time. A large party of Mattawaners who came down 
to the Fair,""* returned this morn^ so that our young 
squires will enjoy themselves, & really the Ladies too, 
to be attended by such Esquires. The Fair was a most 
splendid exhibition of the progress of the Arts & Manu- 
factures in this part of the U. S., from the plainest 
smooth cross to gold watches, equal to any imported, the 
cases I presume, & all the variety of Glass, Silver ware 
& Jewellry that one can imagine. The specimens of 
cotton & woolen clothes were beautiful. The compe- 
tition & emulation excited by these annual exhibitions 
cannot but be beneficial to the infant state of our fabrics, 
& the time is at hand when for substantial, nay elegant 
articles of dress we shall be independent of the old 
world. In my day I have been an enthusiast for pro- 
moting domestic manufactures. I began with the new 
Constitution, & in despite of every prediction to the 
contrary have lived to see numerous articles, formerly 
imported, nearly totally excluding foreign & superior in 
texture, if not quality. Articles of luxury, too much 
abound, but if we must use them, let us if we can make 
them ourselves, & having the raw materials save the 

23Laurette Ker. 

24 Of the American Institute. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 181 

cost of manufacturing them at home. To me I confess 
the display appeared like Fairyland. I did not think 
it possible to collect such a variety of beautiful articles, 
& set off with so much taste. . . . 

Tuesd^- [October] lO^"^ . . . Young M^ Hull called 
yest^ to say that he sails in the De Witt Clinton next 
Friday for N[ew] 0[rleans]. 

Thur^ [October] 21. Pintard has ret"^ as I expected, 
being detained & housed by almost incessant rains. . . . 
Sister stepped out yest^ to Fontaines to select a silk pat- 
tern for Mother, a ball dress for Turtle dove, & one for 
parties for dear Mary, with fancy calicos latest patern, 
for Helen, Julia & Lucy Ann. All to go in her name, 
which better satisfies poor dear Mother. This with 
what has gone. & your 2 Tubs of butter, P* & 15*" Nov"" 
must close my efforts for the season, with deep regret, 
that I cannot do more. Be content as I endeavour to 
be for so much. An incident has occurred of a marriage, 
somewhat unpleasant. My French Minister M. Verren. 
of good appearance, fell in love with Miss Hammersley, 
daughter of his Church Warden & Treasurer of our 
Church. He -^ is my second cousin, a man of respecta- 
bility & handsome property, only 3 children, 2 daughters 
& a son. My friend & kinsman Thomas H. was opposed 
to the courtship, as he did not wish his favourite daugh- 
ter to marry a foreigner. Clandestine interviews & cor- 
respondence thro' the connivance of the mother took 
place for 2 years, during w'' time Miss H. with her 
mother & sister regularly attended our Church. Miss 
Ann Maria came of age this month, & Mon"" Verren 
stole a march on the Father & they were married in S* 
Johns Church last Monday, "by the Rev. Benj° T. On- 

25 Thomas Hamersley's maternal f!;randmother was Mrs. Gabriel 
Stelle (Margaret (Gordon) Carre), whose first husband was Louis 
Carre, Jr. Louis Carre, Jr.'s sister, Mrs. Catharine (Carre) Pintard, was 
Pintard 's grandmother. AL B. Morris, "Four Generations in America of 
the Huguenot Family of Stelle," in N. Y. Genealngical and Biographical 
Record, Vol. 44, pp. 110-11; John E. Stillwell. Historical and Genealog- 
ical Miscellany, V. 434; A''. J. Archives, 1st ser.. XXX, 86. 


derdonck D D. Bishop elect of the Diocese of N York," 
who was apprized of the disapproval of the Father & 
wrote him a letter on Sat^ that notwithstanding he 
intended to marry the couple in a few days. My friend 
Thomas is outrageous. I sh*^ scarcely suppose that D' 
Onderdoncks conduct will meet with approb" other than 
from those who think that a Bishop, like a pope, is 
above all ordinary restraints. At home all decide ag' 
D' 0. as setting a bad example to encourage run away 
marriages. I regret the circumstance, & shall do all in 
my power to mitigate my friends wrath. The affair is 
done, & as the mother connived to gratify the daugh- 
ters choice, what he cannot swallow, he must pocket, & 
submit, but he is hurt. . . . 

New York, Friday 22'^ Oct^ 1830 
Your son [Pintard] left us this morning at 5 to take 
the early line at 6, for Phila[delphia] where, barring 
accidents he will arrive at the same hour this ev^, so 
as to get settled in his lodgings tomorrow & call to 
deliver his letters of introduc" on Monday. . . . Yest^ 
he called on D"" Francis, who gave him a letter to D"" 
Chapman. F. approves of his choice of the Phil" 
Med[ical] School. On walking up with him from the 
office, some oppo[rtunity] of communication was af- 
forded. Enquiring about his studies, he told me that 
he was to attend 7 Lectures, for 2 years, w*" w*^ entitle 
him, if proficient, to a Diploma at the end of that 
term. . . . 

Sat^ [October] 23'^. . . . There is sitting in this city 
a convention of Literary & Scientific characters from 
diff' colleges & states on the subject of the new Uni- 
versity in this city & of improving the general system 
of education so as to render it better adapted to modern 
times & more extensively useful to our rising genera- 
tion, a most important subject w*" has been discussed 
with great ability & temper. . . . The Convention has 
sit 3 days & will adjourn this day, probably to meet 
again next year, when it will be more numerously at- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 183 

tended & call forth the talents of the most eminent men 
of our country. Altho' excluded from participation, I 
most heartily rejoice in every improvement esp'' of edu- 
cation in our happy country. 

Wed'' 27"' Oct'. ... I was much please [d] with M"" 
Johnstons letter w'' evinces great candour & frankness 
in disclosing his situation & prospects, w" are very flat- 
tering. His salary $2500 sounds large here, & with pru- 
dence will afford every domestic essential, without en- 
trenching upon his crops, so that in a few years, if 
spared, he may become a forehanded planter, instead 
of, as too common, anticipating his crops, & being eter- 
nally indebted to his merchant. . . . 

New York, Tuesday 2*^ Nov"", 1830 

. . . This day, for the first of several, is a bright 
one. Wind N. W. We have had a succession of foggy 
morn^ I have just returned from a most friendly in- 
terview with the Rev. Doctor Milnor who with the Rev. 
M"" M'^Ilvaine of Brooklyn arrived on Sat'' ev^ from 
Liverpool. They were Representatives of the Am[eri- 
can] Bible So[ciety] to the last Anniv[ersar]y of the 
British & For[eign] B. S. The reception of these Rev. 
gent" was most honorable & grateful to their feelings. 
D"" Milnor preac[h]ed his introductory sermon to his 
Congregation S' George's on Sunday morn^. He told 
me that he was overpowered by the following testi- 
monial of the affection of his people. After conclud- 
ing his discourse, & before the benediction, his Sunday 
scholars, male & female exceeding 300, advanced up the 
middle aisle. & arranged themselves in front of the rail- 
ing of the Communion table, & sung a congratulatory 
hymn on his safe arrival, w" had been prepared for the 
occasion. Unapprized of the intention his feelings were 
beyond expression. He is perhaps the most beloved by 


his people of any minister in our Church, a truly evan- 
gelical servant of his Lord & Master. He was informed 
by the pilot of the death of Bp. Hobart & election of 
D"" Onderdonck. The former his bitter antagonist to 
the last & the latter not better. But the reign of 
terror is thank God over, & I yet hope to see more 
tranquil days in our Diocese, for the Bp. elect has not 
talents to sustain his pretensions w*" are higher than his 
predecessors. Thro' the influence of Bp. Hobart, Epis- 
copalians generally in N. York are intolerant bigots, re- 
garding Episcopacy as an essential of salvation, little 
removed from the intolerance of the Church of Rome. 
But enough of a disgusting subject. While I prefer & 
love my own Church may I never want charity for Xt°' 
of every denomination. . . . The continent of Europe 
is in a state of convulsion & we may look for bloody 
news by every arrival. General Van Hallen -^ who 
commands the Brussels insurgents was a Colonel in the 
patriot army of Spain, from w'' he fled to this city, & 
with whom I became acquainted. He is an elegant man 
& a brave soldier. May his efforts prove successful. 
Happy America far distant from these scenes of tumult. 
Wed^ [November] 3\ . . . This is the 3*^ & last day 
of our Election, in w*" I do not feel interest sufiicient 
to take a part. The Ghost of Federalism is called from 
its Tomb to excite party strife. In addition to our own 
contentious materials we have the Working people & 
Fanny right men arrayed to level all distinctions to 
equalize property, abrogate marriages, release children 
from parental restraint, to feed, clothe & educate them 
at the public expense, & to have no taxes, & there are 
fools enough among the ignorant to be gulled by these 
extravagant notions. One w"* suppose it hardly possible 
in a country enjoying so many civil & religious blessings 
that persons sh*^ be found to hatch & promulge such 
chimaeras or that others sh'' believe them. It is owing 
to the debased English migration that such abominable 
stuff is circulated thro' presses devoted to decry Chris- 

-^ Juan Van Halen. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 185 

tianity & loosen the bonds of Society & government. 
They make a great noise for the moment, but their dull 
lamps will expire with the election. In the meantime, 
it is a consolation that the promoters & friends of every 
good work pursue the silent even tenor of their course, 
& it [is] a gratification that instead of relaxing, their 
efforts are invigorated & extended. An impulse will 
be given by the late literary Convention in this city, to 
improve the system of education throughout the U*^ 
States, probably Europe. One benefit will most prob- 
ably ensue, that is the better preparation of Teachers, 
who too generally are little competent to the duties of 
instruction. Some time will be required to perfect a 
system that cannot fail to improve the rising generation. 
Much had been done but more doing to abridge & facili- 
tate instruction. Female schools esp^ are too much of 
a money making concern, wherein the solid is sacrificed 
to the superficial, to teach young ladies to dance, dress 
& play on the Piano, are the main objects, to qualify 
them to come forward, with grace, immed'' into dissi- 
pated company, destitute of every useful qualification to 
fit them for domestic life. It is the fault of parents, the 
vanity of mothers as superficial as their daughters, to 
show them off before their charms & attractions fade & 
form connections whether prudent or otherwise, no mat- 
ter, so that they get rid of them & do not stock on 
hand. Do not think me censorious, but certainly this, 
shall I call it, corrupted, state of society is growing 
among us, & ought to be checked. One would suppose 
from appearances that every young miss is an heiress 
destined to spend her days in luxury & idleness, while 
9/lOths are doomed to lead the lives of plodding, I wish 
I c'^ say devoted prudent housekeepers. . . . 

Thur^ 4th Nov. This is my B[ible] So[ciety] day. 
Of course shall be occupied for 3 or 4 days. We shall 
have an interesting meeting as D'" Milnor will report 
the result of his mission to the Br[itish] & For[eign] 
B[ible] S[ociety]. As I called in at the Depository 
coming down a very decent plain Female of Staten 


Island brought her contribution of $30 to constitute 
herself a member for life of the A, B. S. all in small 
silver, w" she had been lajang aside for several years, 
probably what she could spare of her earnings. I could 
not but feel a glow of kindness towards her for her zeal 
& piety. After all our Society is mainly indebted, under 
Providence, for its support to the middling & humb[l]er 
classes of Society w" feel their dependence on Providence 
more sensibly than the wealthier. For this gift God I 
hope will bless her. 

Friday [November] 5^". Very busy. Merely a mo- 
ment to say that the Kentucky which sailed from N[ew] 
0[rleans] 15"' Ocf has not yet arrived. I shall return 
home as early as possible to attend Mother on a com- 
plimentary call on Col. Monroe, who has come to pass 
the winter in this city with his daughter M" Sam' 

Sat^ [November] 6*''. We paid our respects yest-"" 
as proposed to Col. Monroe, whose appearance was as 
familiar to me as in his youthful days. He is about 
6 mo[nth]s older than myself, not a single grey hair, w'' 
is brown, thin in person, & weakly. M" Monroe was 
63 year[s] of age when she died, about y'' mothers 
period, for I think they were near each other. Like his 
countrymen, Virginians, he is plain, easy & affable, no 
formality nor undue familiarity. He retains his hearing 
& sight very well. As President his reign of 8 years was 
more tranquil & popular than any since the days of 
Gen. Washington. He has been ungraciously dealt with 
by Congress w" hitherto has declined paying a just 
bal[anc]e due him of nearly $30,000, for want of w" he 
has entirely sacrificed his private estate, w^ has embit- 
tered his life. We talked of the eccentric John Ran- 
dolph whose appointment as Minister to Russia has 
given universal dissatisfaction & his conduct there has 
degraded the character of our government & disgusted 
every American resident in S* Petersburgh. It is said 
that he is about leaving that Court, the sooner the 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 187 

better. His trip to Europe will have cost $18,000, with- 
out a single benefit to the U. S. So much for party. 

I propose to call friendly occasionally on Col. Mon- 
roe, who lives quite retired as he wishes to seclude him- 
self from public notice. M" Hay, a very excellent lady, 
his oldest daughter is with him. She has but one child 
a daughter,-'^ married to an eminent lawyer. 

After calling on Col. Monroe, we stopped on our return 
at the infant school to bring Boudy home. I am aston- 
ished to see so many children reduced to such perfect 
order & rendered contented with their confin[em]ent. 
The effect is visible on Boudy, who is much more or- 
derly than his spoiled brother. He really behaves like 
a little man, impetuous but placable, & advances rap- 
idly in his learning. , . . 

Tuesday [November] 9''' 

We had a very interesting meeting of the Managers 
of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] last Thur^ when 
D"" Milnor, our delegate to the Br[itish] & For[eign] 
B. S. appeared & resumed his seat as Sec"" for Foreign 
Correspondence. When our ordinary business was con- 
cluded, he rose & gave a report of his mission, & favour- 
able reception in England. He delivered, with applause, 
addresses to 9 religious & benevolent associations, that 
held their anniversaries in London during the first week 
in May, when a concentration of eminent characters, 
clerical & lay, of all denominations takes place to 
glad [d] en the hearts of all who take interest in the 
moral & religious improvements of the age. To hear of 
these events elevates the soul, what must it be to 
see & participate. D*" Milnor is a fine graceful off hand 
speaker, & probably never shone more than when he 
recounted last Thur^' the wonderful doings that he has 
witnessed during his short excursion of six months, at a 
most eventful period in the Annals of G. Britain & the 

2^ Mrs. Nicholas Lloyd Rogers (Hortense Hay). Tyler's Quarterly 
Historical and Genealogical Magazine, VHI, 278. 


continent. . . . D"" M. says that King William is most 
familiar with all ranks, cannot shake off the frankness 
of his naval character, & sinks the monarch in the 
mariner. Time will correct this. The Queen is also 
very plain, & sociable but more dignified. As neither 
of them ever expected to sit on a throne they retain the 
manners, as yet, of courtiers instead of crowned heads. 
At one of the anniversaries, at w*" the King was present, 
& where the Audience overflowed to excess, he rose very 
familiarly & good naturedly, asked the officers, perhaps 
my Lords & gentlemen you w'' wish to see the Queen. 
Fall back gentlemen, make room for the Queen, & my 
Lord, to one present, be pleased to attend her Majesty. 
She accordingly entered the Hall amidst the acclama- 
tions of the multitude, took a seat alongside the King 
& while he was speaking, a paper was put in her hand 
containing the substance of an address that was in- 
tended to be made to her, & w" after the King had con- 
cluded, was made. When she rose, & with the greatest 
affability made an off hand reply that delighted every 
one. The King is but a weak brother, but the Queen 
if not a masculine possesses a very strong correct mind. 
So much for D' Milnor, who can now talk of great 
things, about princes & Kings to astonish us poor na- 
tives. . . . 

Wed^ [November] lO**". Another rainy day, but mild. 
This is Savings Bank day when I have to make up a 
report of the Funding Committee, with a statement of 
our Acc*^ with the Mechanic B*" from w*" we have bor- 
rowed $50,000 to help pay the purchase of $100,000 Ohio 
six p"" C* stock at a premium of 17 57/100 advance. A 
high premium but the best that we can do. Large as the 
above loan sounds it will be extinguished by the P* Jan-^ 
next. A wonderfully prosperous institution. . . . 

Thur^ [November] ir\ On Tuesday ev^ 2" inst. 
Clinton Hall was opened. I was not present as I never 
attend night meetings. The foundation of the Mercan- 
tile Library was laid by my eccentric friend W" Wood 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 189 

who came to town by invitation, on the occasion, a 
source of high gratification to him, to see the progress 
& future prospects of so, now, important an institution, 
w" in time, from its resources is destined to accumulate 
the largest Library in the U'^ States. M"" W. presented 
the first Book to the Library, & at that period, "the day 
of small things," I was also an humble contributor. On 
this occasion he likewise gave a splendid 4'" copy of the 
life of Bp. Heber by his widow presented by her to him. 
JVP'' Heber, quite a literary character & of high family 
has married a Greek prince, an elegant man, of hand- 
some fortune, & who has settled ]\L'' Heber 's estate on 
her & her children. She has been censured for so soon 
forgetting her first eminent & excellent husband, but she 
was a widow 31/2 years, w*" surely does not denote pre- 
cipitation. She wrote M"" W[ood] a letter on the sub- 
ject which he promises to shew me. 

10 o'clock. ... I must again intreat that you will 
not consider yourself bound to reply constantly. For 
myself, writing to you fills up my blank of life. There 
are moments, when pressing business intervenes, that I 
am driven, but these do not often occur. Our darling 
may occasionally this winter relieve you, & as she holds 
the pen of a ready writer, the task will not be onerous. 
Her last letter to you, herewith returned, is in my judg- 
ment the best she has ever written, neat, copious & 
flowing. I admire her critical acumen, a proof that she 
reads with attention & discrimination. Pray, are not 
the Females of the present day indebted to their con- 
stant novel reading for their colloquial & epistolary 
powers. The novels of the modern school are generally 
elegant narratives & free from stiffness & affectation. 
In your time, we were not deluged with these effusions 
from the press as at present. Walter Scott has given 
an elevation to this class of writers. What makes young 
Ladies express themselves so much better than young 
men? was a question I put to a flippant young Dandy 
not long ago. Because they are eternally talking & read- 
ing novels. There is much truth in his sarcastic reply, & 


it is fortunate when the Belles can take their own parts 
& shine so well in conversation. . . . 

Friday [November] 12^". Rain. The Louisiana 
was falsely announced. I hope she may arrive before 
closing this next Tuesd"" 16'''. A constant succession of 
wet days has retarded the Kentucky from discharging & 
loading. Tomorrow y' 2 tubs of prime butter will be 
put on board together with 4 Boxes, strapped together 
as one of very superior Digby smoked Herrings, w" for 
several years have been withheld from our market, but 
now restored by the late commercial Treaty with G. Brit- 
ain. . . . The result of our late election has been anti 
Jacksonian, but we are in a state of political fermenta- 
tion & the dregs in all probability will rise uppermost. 
The workmen association like all opponents, increases 
& as with them, whatever apprenticeship may be neces- 
sary to make a taylor or a shoemaker, politics are no 
science, & every citizen is qualified for a Governor or 
President of Congress, provided he can get elected. This 
is not a pleasant state of things, but the experiment will 
I fear have its course. The only remedy against these 
evils is education. It is therefore our duty to diffuse it 
as widely as possible. Good sense bottomed on good 
education will preserve the liberties of our country from 
the violence of demagogues. . . . 

Saturday 12*'' [sic for November 13th] ... A large 
meeting took place last ev^ at Tammany Hall, to pre- 
pare for a g*^ celebration of the French revolution, on 
the 25*" inst., the anni[versar]y of the evacuation of 
this city by the British in 1783. A day of my getting up 
as I have told you. Col. Monroe was in the chair & 
will preside at the dinner. A splendid procession is to 
take place. Were I younger I sh'^ be one, but there is 
a time for all things, & it is one of the signs of wisdom 
to know when to retire. On the ensuing day the 26*" 
D"" Onderdonck, Bishop elect is to be consecrated & the 
aged & infirm Bishop White of PhiP is to come on the 
occasion. W^hen the brother Bp. Onderdonck -^ was 

-^ Henry Ustick Onderdonk. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 191 

consecrated, Bp. Kemp of Maryland lost his life by the 
upsetting of the stagecoach on his return home. I hope 
that a similar fatality will not befall the venerable Bp. 
White on his return home, but it appears very indiscreet 
to say the least of it to drag an old man, nearer 90 than 
80, such a distance at this late period of the year to give 
eclat to the consecration of the weakest Epis' Bp. in 
the whole U. S. I think that I shall not attend. I was 
pr[es]ent when Bps. Hobart & Griswold of the Eastern 
diocese were consecrated. The following ext^' incidents 
occurred. W[h]en these rev'* gent" proceded to the com- 
munion railing, D"" Hobart, altho the younger man & at 
home in his own Church, tripped ahead of the meek 
apostolic Griswold, so as to be at the head to receive 
the imposition of hands first, in order to entitle him to 
precedency, that in time, after the demise of Bp. White 
he might claim the right of being elected presiding 
Bishop of the Epis' Ch. in the U. States, a matter of 
courtesy but not of right. It has pleased God by re- 
moving him, to defeat this as well as many other machi- 
nations. "Thus far proud man & no further." Again 
by custom, it requires the presence of 3 Bishops to con- 
secrate a Bishop. Bishop Moore then living was too 
feeble to attend & Bp. Provost, who had for some years 
retired from all episcopal duty attended. After the act 
of consecration was performed, this aged respectable 
man, our first Bishop, was obliged to retire before the 
whole services were finished. Not a single presbyter of 
the many present offered him an arm, & he was led out 
of Church by his daughter M'^ Colden. . . . The cold 
neglect was remarked by several. After the ceremonies 
were over I called on Bp. Provost to express my chagrin. 
He was sensibly affected, & remarked that he had been 
importuned to attend, w*" at first he declined. It was 
cruel indignant treatment, but of a piece with all the 
conduct of our High Churchmen. From that day for- 
ward I never failed paying marked attention to him 
w'' was kindly accepted & by his daughter. He was a 
descendant of our Huguenot families & attended our 


French Church, in early day, we were visitors & friends. 
But I believe I have told all this before. You see how 
forgetful old age grows. 

Tues'' [November] IQ^^. The Kentucky is to sail to- 
morrow, having been impeded by the late foul weather. 
Thank God the sun has made its appearance this day, 
after 9 days absence. . . . Yesf aft. noon I called to see 
a M" Judson of Fairfield, Conn* & who when young 
passed the winter of 1776-7 at Norwalk, in my Uncle 
Cannons family. Of course our conversation went back 
to those times & about all our family friends who have 
gone to their long home. She who was a very sylph 
when young, is now portly old lady. Singular that we 
two whose forms were the most slender & fragile of all 
our cousins, should have survived them all. The boys 
esp^ were robust young men. . . . 

[Addressed by:] Ship Kentucky 

N York, Wed^ 17*^ Nov^ 1830 

Thur^ [November] 18*". A beautiful day, fresh 
so[uth] wind must bring arrivals, long expected. Last 
ev^ there was a meeting at Masonic Hall in favour of 
the Tract efforts for the Miss[iss]ippi Valley. $1850 
was subscribed of w'' Arthur Tappan gave probably 
$1000. He is truly a wonderful benefactor & if his life 
sh** be spared & prosperity, his benefactions may am' 
in a few years to half a million. God speed him. I 
wish we had more Arthur Tappans. Your brother went 
& was much gratified with D"" Milnors address recount- 
ing particulars of his late visit to England. He quite 
rivetted the attention of a very full auditory, esp^ as 
there was much of pleasing novelty in his matter. It is 
really consoling altho' I can do so very little myself, to 
mark such active growing benevolence in this city. The 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 193 

season of contributions approaches religious & charitable. 
To the ladies who undertake to solicit benefactions, we 
are much indebted. They are indefatigable, & really 
tender their request with great modesty & delicacy w" 
ensure their success & welcome reception by all whose 
hearts glow with love to God & good will towards 
man. . . . 

Friday [November] 19"'. I have the happiness to 
inform you that y'" dear sister was safely put to bed a 
quarter before 9 last evening with a fine chopping boy, 
her 4**" son. . . . Francis who had been sent for on Wed^ 
c^ not attend as his wife, ill. possibly in child bed, re- 
quired all his attention. A young Doctor Nelson,-^ our 
neighbour ofiiciated. . . . Pintard wanted to accompany 
me to the Depository, to see me jnake his brother a 
member for life of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] a 
favour I c'' not grant as his school hour had come. I ac- 
complished this duty within 12 hours after the birth 
of the child. His Father wrote a memorandum, for my 
inspection when I arose — "Louis Pintard Servoss, born 
on Thur^ ev^ at i/4 before 9 o'clock, Nov. 18, 1830. God 
bless him. A fat hearty & perfect Child, just like Boudi- 
not. Thank God for the safety of my dear wife. 
T. L. S." Amen. . . . What a succession of Boys, w" 
best pleases the Father, altho' the mother w*^ naturally 
be better gratified with a daughter. Gods will be done. 
I knew nothing of the name until I saw it in M"" S's 
handwriting. I asked him if he wished the certificate to 
be worded as he had spelt the name. He replied Yes, 
Louis not Lewis, & so it is. He said that he had so 
written the Doctor. Of course that point was settled in 
his own mind without my knowledge & I am obliged to 
him for the compliment that he has paid to the memory 
of my venerated Uncle & father. M' S. has discovered 
recently, thro' M" Wadsworth that his mother ^^ was a 

29 John Neilson, Jr., M.D.. of 428 Broome Street, according to the 
New York City Directors for 1830. 

30 Thomas L. Servoss 's maternal grandmother was probablv Esther 
Mounif^r (Mrs. Samuel Fleming). See Henry Race's Historico-Genealog- 
ical Sketch of Col. TJwmas Lowrcy, and Esther Fleming, His Wife 
(Flemington, N. J.. 1892), p. 8. 


descendant of the French Huguenots. This he told me 
yest*' exulting that his children had Huguenot blo[o]d 
in them, a pretty remarkable circumstance. May they 
in future life be as distinguished for their virtues & 
probity, as their pious ancestors. They were a godly 
race of w'' as you know my dear good Uncle was a fair 
example. My beloved child, on neither side your dear 
children have no cause to blush for their fore- 
fathers. . . . 

Your brother left it with me to write, as he is much 
occupied attending to the sale of Tobacco w^ is a very 
dull article at present. He is a most indefatigable in- 
dustrious merchant, & good withal. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Mail via Mobile 

N York, Sat^ 20*'^ Nov., 1830 

The season recurs for my accustomed annual tokens, 
w*" will accompany this. Instead of the trifling presents 
for the young fry, I met with a pretty series of little 
volumes of the publications of our Sunday School Union, 
w** I have had handsomely bound, in 8 vols, for Julia & 
Sister, & 30 for Mary & Helen, to form a Juvenile Li- 
brary. Indeed the perusal of most of them may not 
displease my Turtle Dove. I tho't it better for preserva- 
tion to send them in this shape, altho' a little more 
expensive, than to send single tracts, w** like the Sybills 
leaves are soon scattered & lost. I never go into the 
Book stores of our Tract & Union School Societies but 
that I am struck with the superior advantages w*" the 
rising generations enjoy over the preceding. Every year 
is productive with some new improvement to shorten & 
beguile the ascent of the Hill of Science. . . . 

Tuesday [November] 23*^ Rain over & gone. I hope 
it will not return till after the 25*\ The procession is 
all the order of the day, marching 6 deep it is calcu- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1830 195 

lated, with the Ship, Steam boat & Fire engines, printing 
press c^c" &c", on carriages, that it will extend 2 miles 
in length. Fortunately for my dear boys it is to pass 
thro' Broome St. . . . 

Wed^' [November] 24'\ Last ev^ just before Tea D"" 
Davizac who had arrived in the Frances called with y"" 
very acceptable letter of 2^ inst. . . . 

Next Sunday, Advent Sunday, the beginning of our 
ecclesiastical year, shall recommence my S"* reading of 
Scotts Commentary taking up the Epistles. I never ex- 
pect to reach the termination, but shall proceed regu- 
larly as tho' I should. . . . 

Thur^' [November] 25*\ A right old fashioned N. E. 
storm & gale has deferred the grand celebration this 
day. Every thing is in preparation for the first fair 
day, probably Monday. ... I omitted to mention the 
death of a young friend, Edward Eastburn, who accom- 
panied by his mother & Sister Ann sailed to Liverpool 
last spring for the benefit of his health. The climate 
proved too humid, & he was advised to pass the winter 
in Charleston. Tho weak he was not dangerously ill 
when he embarked, but exhausted nature gave out & 
he expired within 2 days sail. His body was brought 
to shore. & he was intered in S* Michaels burying ground 
by the R* Rev. Bp. Bowen well acquainted with his late 
father & family. It has been M" E's unhappy lot to 
have closed the eyes of 2 sons at sea. Several years ago, 
the oldest, the Rev. Ja[me]s Eastburn, sailed, but too 
late, for Bermuda, in the fall. The weather was boister- 
ous & the tossing of the ship was too much for his feeble 
frame, & he died 4 days out & was committed to the 
great deep. Hard trials for a doting mother who ex- 
posed herself to the dangers of the sea for the sake of 
her children. Her last & now only son the Rev. Manton 
Eastburn, remains, of delicate habit & not very strong 
constitution. A Divine of ext^ learning & merit. He 
married one of the Miss Glovers, daughter of the late 


John Glover who settled the income of $20,000 or more, 
on each of his daughters, the principal to revert to his 
sons, in case they die without issue. M" E. is very 
delicate, & as yet has had no child, & her share will 
probably revert. She is comely but not handsome, the 
courtship commenced in early youth. M"" E. who has a 
very fine commanding person & visage might have made 
a better, worldly speaking, match, but Madam makes 
an excellent parsons wife, retired, unobtrusive but affa- 
ble. Edward was one of my young proteges. For many 
years, I always gave him a New Year cooky & my bless- 
ing, with his annual dollar & when he took his degree 
something to bear the expenses, for his father my late 
excellent & still bemoaned friend, was broken down. 
The whole family, male & female (2 girls) possess great 
genius. Edward was a very bright scholar, & like his 
brother very modest. Farewell my young friend. I have 
lost a constant annual New Year visitor, but you are 
gone where time shall never end. He was pious & de- 
voted to the Ministry for w" he was preparing, & a 
Samuel from his youth up. I had hoped that he w'^ 
have become an assistant to his brother in the Church 
of the Ascension. Notwithstanding the opposition of 
the late Bp. Hobart as well as of his successor, D' 
Onderdonk, this new Church has wonderfully prospered. 
A Sunday School House is now erecting, All that was 
wanting to complete the establishment. M"" E. is of the 
Evangelical School, who does not wrjchurch his brethren 
of other denominations & is an ardent friend of the 
A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] & to the cause of Foreign 
Missions, all offences, inexpiable, in the eyes of High 
Churchmen. He is probably the most learned clergy- 
man in this Diocese. His style of preaching is chaste 
& his discourses elegant. 

Saturday [November] 27*''. The great show took 
place yest^. The weather cleared off but the day was 
overcast. The Military & Societies formed at 8 in Canal 
Street, moved between 10 & 11, according to the hand- 
bill sent herewith. The van reached Washington 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 197 

Square as the last of the rear left Canal Street, making 
the line of march to extend 3 miles, passing our House 
in Broome St. We had a complete view of the whole 
procession which took up 2 hours in passing. It was 
certainly the most splendid, well ordered & conducted 
exhibition I ever witnessed. The Butchers in White 
aprons & Carmen in White Frocks, all mounted made 
a regiment of themselves, as did the Fire department. 
I have heard of no accidents whatever, nor was there 
any tumult. The streets were thronged with spectators, 
& possibly 50,000 were out on the occasion. . . . The 
Societies assembled at their several rendevouz at 7, & 
were dismissed at 3 o'clock, so that they were 8 hours on 
duty. The streets unfortunately were very muddy. 
Thus has ended this memorable celebration, of the pro- 
priety of which many doubt, But my heart went with 
it, & I rejoice in the late French revolution. May it 
prove permanent. 

The consecration of Bp. Onderdonck took place in 
St. Johns Ch. yest^'. Present Bps. White, Onderdo[n]ck 
& Brownell, the latter preached on the occasion. The 
Church was crowded. I staid at home 

Monday [November] 29th. . . . Yest^' Sunday was a 
beautiful day. I attended an inaugural address by Bp, 
White, the patriarch of the Epis' Ch. to the new class 
of the students, 16. I shook hands with him after the 
service, & thanked him for his persevering attention 
to the Sem[inar]y. He is very aged, & probably I 
shall never see him again. Quite of Apostolic appear- 
ance. I walked out 3 miles & back with great ease. . . . 
I send with the little books $5 in bright pieces for my 
dear little g'^children. . . . 

Wed^ P* Dec'. ... Our babe ^^ is [to] be baptized 
on Wed'' 15*^ inst., I hope by the Rev. M"- Bayard. The 
Schenck family will be, as usual, invited to a family 
dish of tea, as it is incorrect to make a merr>^ meeting 
of a sacramental service. Indeed the Church is the 

31 Louis Pintard Servoss. 


most proper place, but private Baptism is general among 
us & when decently conducted, the parlour for the time 
is a Temple of the Lord. Y"" brother & myself God 
fathers. Sister God mother. The Birthday bible, similar 
to yours, will be presented on the occasion. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Illinois 

with a package 

New York. Thur^' 2" Dec^ 1830 

Sat^ 4*''. A beautiful clear day, quite refreshing after 
so much rainy humid, obscure weather ... A most hor- 
rid act of piracy has been committed in our waters 
so[uth] side of L[ong] Island on board the Brig Vine- 
yard, with $50,000 in specie aboard from y"" port to 
PhiP for S[tephen] Girard. ... On next Thur'' 9*^^ 
Thanksgiving day, it is proposed that the infant shall 
be baptised, at home p. m. by the Rev. M' Upfold. 
Your brother is delicate least offence may be given sh** 
the ceremony be performed by the Rev. M'" Bayard. I 
regret it as the fee $10 w** help him; the other having 
a salary of $2000, & a fine parsonage House. It w'^ 
moreover have gratified Aunt Patty. On these occasions 
I make it a rule to submit, as every parent ought to be 
left to uncontrolled choice. There is to be no company 
whatever. This may also be correct, altho' one w*^ wish 
to see a few family friends on such an occasion. I be- 
lieve the Presbyterian discipline insists that Baptisms 
sh** always be solemnized in the Church. As a sacra- 
ment it sh*^ be so. The Episcopalians have relaxed in 
this particular. Where health permits on the part of 
the mother & infant, Baptism ought to be, as enjoined 
administered in Church. But our Congregations, unhap- 
pily, take little interest in this solemn dedication of a 
child to the Lord & admitting it as a member of Christ's 
flock. It has therefore become in this city, unfashion- 
able. On the other hand marriage, w*" among Protes- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1830 199 

tants is not a sacrament, is more frequently performed 
in Church as a mark of gentility, thus illustrating our 
daily confession of "leaving undone the things that we 
ought to do, & doing the things that we ought not to 
do." Your [Presbyterian] congregations certainly excell 
ours in vital piety & devotion & every good work. The 
influence of our late Bp. Hobart was in my estimation 
baleful. He was far behind the age in w'' he lived. He 
discountenanced all association with other Xt° denomi- 
nations for acts of general charity & benevolence, con- 
fining all our (slender) exertions within ourselves, by 
w" means all ardour, zeal & almost vitality have been 
so smothered that when called up for Church collec- 
tions, they are shamefully small & make us contempti- 
ble when compared with others even the Roman Cath- 
olics who are, tho numerous, very poor, & whose 
contributions do them honour. Their Female Orphan As- 
sylum, 100 children, is cheifly supported by the receipts 
of Sacred concerts. Being a decided sectarian institu- 
tion, they cannot by law derive any benefit from our 
state School Fund, w*" is approved for purposes of gen- 
eral education without religious distinction. I c"^ have 
wished to have devised some expedient to have over- 
come this objection. But the Law is just & equita- 
ble. . . . 

Monday [December] 6*". A violent N. E. storm, 

hard rain 

[Yesterday] In the afternoon I went, as I generally do 
every other Sunday, to see M" Talbot I found her in 
deep affliction for the loss of M" Thomson, widow of 
James T. dec"*, her best unceasing friend, who died sud- 
denly on Sat*' of apoplexy. M"" T. was a Scotsman, a 
successful merchant. He boarded with M" Loring, & 
in one of our early yellow fevers, with w*" he was taken, 
IVIiss L. paid him the kindest unremitted attention, to 
w'' under Providence he owed his life. On recovery, he 
married Miss L. & she made him a most excellent wife. 


being of one of the old Boston high families well edu- 
cated & brought up. He was a widower & had one son 
James (no child by the last wife). An indulgent father, 
James became licentious when he grew up & kept a mis- 
tress, w*" so displeased his father, that he made a will 
settling a handsome annuity on him, & to inherit the 
rest of his estate after his wife's decease ($300,000). A 
few years after M'' T, purchased an elegant Farm in the 
neighbourhood of Livingston Manor, where the families 
of that name, rich & poor abound. James, a handsome 
young man, improved by a trip to Europe & having 
sowed his wild oats, formed an attachment to a widows 
daughter. Knowing him to be an heir, & ignorant of 
the father's disposition of his estate, they were mar- 
ried.^- M"" T. a hale hearty Scot, shortly after was at- 
tacked with a violent cholera & died at short notice, 
without making as he intended an immediate settlement 
on his son, to whom however he had given the Farm, 
well stocked &c'' & his income was $3000 a year a hand- 
some provision w*" however disappointed his proud wife 
& mother & caused a great deal of unhappiness to James 
whose affections c*^ not be increased by this mercenary 
conduct. Unexpectedly at length he comes into the 
whole succession & the pride of his lady & mother will 
now be gratified with one of the handsomest establish- 
ments in this city, & James will now be regarded no 
doubt as an angel from heaven, but I suspect from what 
has past, domestic felicity will not be their lot. 'The 
bought smile" is an antidote to pure love. M""^ Thomp- 
son was the constant friend of poor afflicted M""^ Talbot, 
whom she visited usually twice a week, & sent her car- 
riage always for her whenever she pleased to dine. It 
was on Friday 3*^ that she called as usual in full health 
& good spirits to ask M" T. to dine with her on Sunday, 
yesf w'' indisposition prevented, for she is very ailing, 
afflicted with piles & had an operation performed last 

32 James Thomson, Jr. and Mary, eldest daughter of the late H. W. 
Livingston, were married at the Manor of Livingston, June 6, 1825. The 
N.-Y. Eve. Post, June 8, 1825. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 201 

week. The death of M" T. was communicated yesf 
morn*-' & M""" Talbot denied herself to all calls, except 
myself. ... It is but a few short weeks that I had to 
console her on the decease of M" Maxwell, as I have 
noticed, her intimate friend. Of all the once intimates 
of her brilliant days, only the widow of Don Thomas 
Stoughton remains, a kind hearted, affectionate Irish 
lady, who called yest-^' but was not admitted. ... At 
the period when James' mother in law was taking undue 
liberties, calling him the son of a boarding house keeper, 
w^ was not the fact, I took some pains to sustain the 
reputation of IVP^ Thompson, as being derived from one 
of the best Boston families, for w*" she expressed her 
thanks to M""' Talbot & wished to see me friendly. I 
never called, for I had never been intimate with her 
husband, & secluding myself from all new, & almost all 
old society, I did not incline to renew a once slight ac- 
quaintance, but always spoke well of her as I c'* freely 
do, for she was benevolent & I esteemed her for her 
constant kind attentions to M" Talbot. 

Tuesday [December] 7'^. The violent storm of yest^ 
has cleared off at N West last night & this is the first 
day this season that Ice has appeared in our streets. It 
is a cold winters day. Dear Mother was bled yest^, 
moderately, having suffered with headache. She is 
lighter & better this day, being greatly relieved. . . . 

Friday 10^^ Dec'. I have but a few moments to say, 
that my little g'^son Louis Pintard Servoss. was bap- 
tized yest^ P. M. by the Rev. M' Upfold Rector of S* 
Thomas, his father, g'^father & g'^mother sponsors. . . . 
Judge Bayard has come to town. I expect him every 
moment on business. John is afflicted with an ulcerated 
breast. All friends at Princeton well. He left his 
brother in law Ch. Justice Kirkpatrick at the eve of 
death, worn out by exhaustion without any serious ill- 
ness. He was my college chum & about my age. For 
many years a sceptic, but by conviction latterly a con- 


firmed Xt°. What a comfort to his surviving friends & 

[Addressed by Ship] Louisiana 

N York, Friday, 10*'^ Dec, 1830 

In consequence of y"" high commendation I have read 
Oberlin. What a character, & how much good a single 
indivi[du]al can do & what females he was blessed with 
to aid him in promoting all his good works. . . . 

Sat^ [December] 11*''. . . . Judge Bayard & his Rev. 
son dined with us yest^. Aunt Betsey [Pintard] is quite 
well. L' Sam' Stockton of the Navy is to marry Miss 
[Mary] Hunter, his cousin, a very find young lady of 
highly cultivated mind & very amiable. Caroline [Dod] 
is at housekeeping & is very comfortably settled. M" 
Stockton Sen. is better, almost as deaf as myself. M" 
Harrison well. M""^ Bradford very well, her companion 
& inmate Mile. Martell recovering from a sprained ancle 
w" afilicted her much. D' Wharton in his 86'" year not 
long for this world. These are all of our family friends. 
M" Rush made a visit to her daughter in Canada last 
summer, a considerable undertaking at 72, & is very 
well. She ^^ possesses fine spirits w** she inherits from 
her mother. . . . 

Monday [December] 13*\ ... I called in the after- 
noon to console M" Talbot on the loss of her friend 
M" Thompson. . . . Her circumstances are comforta- 
ble having an annuity of $250 from my good old uncles 
estate & the same from Cap" Talbots, in all $500 a year, 
with w'' as she is plentifully stocked with clothing she 
makes out very well. Her board & fuel am' to $350 a 

^3 Mrs. Benjamin Rush (Julia Stockton), daughter of Richard and 
Annis (Boudinot) Stockton, and mother of Airs. Ross Cuthbert. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 203 

year. She is a strict economist, & thus feels very in- 
dependent, altho' not affluent. She is happy to have it 
in her power to give something in charity, w" is more 
than her late friend ever did who never gave anything 
to the poor nor to benevolent purposes, with an income 
of $10,000, a year, house coach & a plentiful stocked 
wine cellar, estimated at $10,000, of w" she made a very 
frugal use, entertained no company, & died worth 
$60,000 to 70.000, w" goes in Y^"' to M" Neufville only 
surviving sister of Charleston S" Carol" very rich, & the 
children of 2 deceased brother & sister. She left no will. 
Over & above her liberal annuity, house & coach, &c. 
W Thompson left $12,000 at her disposal to charitable 
uses, of w'' she bestowed $2,000 reserving the other to 
accumulate, w" goes back to the heir young James 
Thompson, of whom I have spoken, who, with what he 
had comes into the succession of his fathers estate, es- 
timated at $700,000. How much good will the late 
penurious lady w*^ have purchased, had she bestowed 
the Interest of M"" Thompsons trust, that now goes to 
an over rich heir, who withal is very well spoken of, 
and will it is hoped make a good use of his redundant 
income. He remains on his farm this winter, evincing 
no disposition for dashing. Indeed he has sown his wild 
oats. M" T. except by her family & poor IVP« Talbot, 
died unlamented & the universal exclamation is "the 
poor have met with no loss." . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Alabama 

N York, Thur^" IG^*^ Dec. 1830. Clear <fc cold N. W. 

I can never expect to be freed from the rushing of my 
blood to the head until it is laid on my dying pillow. 
I do not, thank God fear death, relying on the mercy of 
our crucified Redeemer, but I do dread becoming an en- 


cumberer of the ground, w** if spared, my increasing 
deafness must shortly bring me to. . . . 

Friday [December] l?**". "Stern winter comes to 
rule the varied year." This is another clear N[orth] 
W[esterl]y day, which must close the upper navigation 
of the Hudson. Altho' business has been very brisk 
this season, for our trading streets have been & still 
are almost impassable by the multitude of purchasers, 
packages, carts (fee" the price of y"" brothers staple Cotton 
being lower here than at N[ew] 0[rleans] will I fear 
dishearten his friends & reduce their consignments. He 
does the best & better I believe than any other con- 
signee in this city, for he is most diligent & intelligent. 
I mentioned that I pass 2 hours from 12 to 2 daily at 
his store to enable him to step abroad when his clerk 
goes to dinner. While there I saw M'' Leonard from 
Mattawan who speaks in the highest terms of Thomas' 
capacity & applic[atio]n 

Saturday [December] IS*''. . . . Last ev^ our good 
old Tamar called to see us & enquired kindly after you 
all. She looks very well, is 59. I feel an attachment 
to her for long & faithful services. She has upwards of 
$1000 in the Savings Bank, a good sum for her old age. 
With $50 a year & some services, she may obtain com- 
fortable support in the country. Pintard, who only re- 
members, was quite glad to see Aunt Tamar. This day 
our little Louis is a month old & M" Shreeves leaves 
Sister fat & hearty & the babe thriving. I may never 
witness her attendance again & wish her well. She is 
a pious Methodist & Sister is much attached to her. 
What a happiness to have a family nurse in whom one 
can confide. Sister has a good set of domestics. . . . 
Political parties are beginning to break ground here for 
the next president. M"" Clay has a strong & respectable 
host in this city, & will probably have all the Eastern 
states. Old Hickory makes a miserable hand of it, being 
completely in leading strings, w*" must mortify his des- 
potic pride. His chief conductor is Sec'' Van Beuren, a 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 205 

man of abilities but visionary as to Bank concerns. An 
intrigant, much such another as Burr. This latter char- 
acter still exists in obscurity, always concerned in 
crooked litigation. He has lost his standing at the bar, 
never I believe engaged in important suits. . . . 

Tues'' [December] 21"' 

Happy Americans who can look on the throes & agonies 
of convulsed Europe, while sitting under their own Vines 
& Figtrees, literally with you, & none to make them 
afraid. Long, very long may our country enjoy the 
blessings of peace, civil & religious liberty. There will 
however in so widely extended an Empire, be always 
causes of sectional discontent. An attack is going on in 
the Administration prints against your Sugar planters, 
to reduce the Tariff on Sugars & thereby open the door 
for foreign imports. Nothing however will probably be 
done during the present short session of Congress nor 
against the Charter of the U*^ States Bank, with w'' 
Pres' Jackson has imprudently intermeddled. But the 
next Congress will probably rally all its strength ag* the 
whole Tariff System. Domestic manufactures, esp^' Cot- 
ton, are so well established that they have little to fear 
from gover[n]ment regulations. Woolens require pro- 
tection, but eventually must rival the English. Cotton 
how^e[ve]r is our g*^ staple, & thro' the improvements 
of labour saving machines, w*" England dare not make 
thro' fear of starving her immense pauper population, 
the U*^ States will undersell the world, so that Thomas 
need not apprehend want of profitable employment dur- 
ing his day. . . . 

Wed-'' [December] 22*^. A right down Winter day. 
The streets floating with mud 2 days ago are now hard 
as pavement. Wholesome weather. . . . There is a M'' 
Burgess bookseller of this city who sails the beginning 
of Jan*' to N[ew] 0[rleans] to escape our winter. His 
constitution is very delicate. He passed the last in S* 
Augustine. Most of the cheap books & novels sent to 
you were purchased in his shop. I take an interest in 


his fate, & shall give him a line of introdu" to the Doc- 
tor in case of need. . . . 

Friday 24*" Dec' ... It is amusing, as I pass along, 
to look at the Toy Shop windows & see the endless 
variety of European Toys that attract the admiration 
& empty the pockets of parents friends & children. . . . 

Monday 27*'' Dec^ It w** have delighted you on Fri- 
day ev^ to have witnessed the joy that beamed in Pin- 
tard's eyes when I read in the paper the report of ''the 
arrival of the Dutch Ship, alder lievert (best beloved) 
vrow, Cap* Wouter Van Twiller, freighted as deep as 
she c*^ swim with all sorts of Toys, Cakes, fruits & books, 
for S* Claas to bestow his annual presents to the good 
children of the antient city of New Amsterdam, now 
called N. York." With what ecstacy did they exhibit 
next morn*-', Christmas, the profusion of Toys, Oranges, 
& bon bons left by S* Claas for our 3 children, displayed 
on Mothers Table for their stocking crammed with cakes 
could not contain the splendid articles left by S* Claas. 
For good children, Christmas morn is a perfect Jubilee 
in this city. The day proved rainy. Mother & Sister 
c'* not go to Church. I attended the Sacrament at S* 
Esprit, the congregation very small, only Communicants, 
of whom Mad'' Verren was one. 

Tuesday [December] 28*^ Wall S*, the centre of 
news, is all in commotion by the arrival of a packet 
with intelligence to the 30*" Nov. the pith of which is 
that Russia was marching an army of 200,000 with 4,000 
pieces of Artillery to the frontiers with intention to in- 
vade France, that Austria was to co-operate. The great- 
est exertions were making in France to raise & organize 
adequate forces for its defence. The accounts from the 
continent are certainly portentous of a general war. If 
England sh"* form as conjectured a defensive treaty with 
France, the peace of Europe may be yet maintained, but 
all must be conjecture on this side of the Atlantic until 
further intelligence shall be received. It appears to me 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1830 207 

that France is competent to its own defence against 
Russia. Her national guard a large body completely 
organized is a nucleus for the immediate discipline of 
all the new forces that can be raised. Philip I is very 
popular as is the late revolution & tho' there may be 
favourers of the abdicated Charles X their numbers must 
be small & scattered. The Clergy no doubt will be glad 
to foment disturbances w'' a vigilant government & a 
whole nation in arms will in a moment quell. . . . 

I recollect well, in my youth, or rather childhood to 
have always heard my good Uncle say when there was 
any thing delicate on the table, that it was a pity to eat 
it alone. Tho' far from profuse he kept a good table & 
always well cooked. This was inherited from our an- 
cestors who not gross were always delicate feeders. I 
partake of it myself as does our darling when she re- 
marked that the very idea of dinner nauseated her, 
when abroad — always the same roasted meat, without 
variety or shadow of change. She was not used to this 
at Mothers table. Some w*^ call this epicurism & a viti- 
ated appetite. It is not so. Ploughmen & labourers 
may by hard work, relish & gorge solid junks of boiled 
pork & raw beef, but surely in the preparation of viands, 
taste may be consulted, & instead of chicken stewed to 
rags, a nice fricasee, or your voluptuous gumbo may 
be prepared without the aid of witchcraft, that will 
give a relish to the most fastidious appetite. I know- 
nothing more disgusting or provoking than to see a good 
dish spoiled, always an evidence of a negligent house- 

Friday SV Dec"- 

Dear g^'ma, escorted by my namesake attended the 
sale of the S' Thomas Church Fragment S" yest^ & 
bought several articles for the Rev"" M"" Bayards chil- 
dren. Happily both she & sister think more of the hum- 
ble than of the great 

[Addressed by Ship] Tennessee 


To Mrs. Richard Davidson {Eliza Noel Pintard) 
of New Orleans 

New York, Monday, 3" Jan^ 1831 

. . . New Years day. Sat'', was overcast & windy but 
as to admit of the customary annual visits. After 
Church I made my tour, feeling as I jogged along that 
it might be the last time. Without sitting down, I did 
not get home till 4 o'clock, so extensive has our city 
grown & so scattered my friends. Sister had a great 
many calls w*" increase. I found coffee on many tables, 
some very fine, some mawkish. The best I tasted was 
at the Rev. D"" Milnors, Sisters next, but a little over 
roasted, a delicate operation, on w*" the flavour greatly 
depends. . . . The most interesting sight thro' the whole 
day was towards ev^ when the Rev. M'' Bayard called 
with his 5 children, 3 girls & 2 boys, attired in black 
for the loss of their sister & well behaved. Susan now 
the oldest is growing up, delicate & very much resem- 
bling her Aunt Julia Washington. They are all 
pretty. . . . 

Tuesd^ [January] 4*''. Mild, rain & drizzling. Most 
unusual weather. I am over head & ears in Savings 
Bank duty, w'' increases rather than diminishing. It 
makes me happy to be useful. I expect to attend this 
aft.noon the funeral of a M" Monteath, who died sud- 
denly yest^ morn^ aged 73. As Nelly Noel she was my 
scho[o]lmate at Madams School when I was 6 years 
old. It was my intention to have visited her this week, 
& renewed an acquaintance intermitted for many years. 
But upon what a different solemn occasion. . . . 


TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 209 

Wed^ [January J 5*". I came down thro' a violent 
hard ram to attend to my duty to the Savings Bank. 
The Funding Com'' so called are negotiating a purchase 
of $100,000 Alabama 6 p' c' stock w^ if concluded, it is 
incumbent on me to endorse the Treas" check in pay- 
ment. ... On Monday p. m. I went down to draw a 
little money for a person, expecting to return by 5 
o'clock. The Trustee who was to have attended was 
absent. I took his seat amidst a great throng of cus- 
tomers, & did not get home till 8 o'clock. Mother was 
so uneasy that she sent William to attend me at that 
late & dark hour, for fear of accident as our city has 
been infested by a set of villains knocking down & rob- 
bing passengers even in the most public streets, <fe being 
insolent to Females, indeed waylaying & endeavouring 
to abduct them, as the phrase goes. This is a very un- 
pleasant state of things, w*' will excite greater vigilance 
in our police. . . . 

Friday [January] 7^". Engaged with business of the 
A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] engrosses my time, & I 
shall be pretty much occupied between this & the sail- 
ing of the packet. Calling at M"" Burgess' book store 
for a little book for Pintard, I laid aside for Madam 
Johnston a volume of Receipts w*" may be very useful 
to her in the country, also the Arabian Nights by Scott, 
as I think I hear my dear g'^children say G'^pa sends 
us many pretty books, but they are all so dry, as Marny 
said when he began his Law^ reading. Full well do I 
recollect the delight I experienced when my dear Aunt 
Lydia used to tell me the stories of Aladins Lamp & the 
Adventures of Sinbad the Sailor (fee" all w" I swallowed 
for Gospel truth, & thought if I lived to be a man that 
I w"^ go to the E. Indies & bring home Diamonds from 
the mines of Golconda. This vol. will serve to amuse & 
astonish the younglings. To M"" Burgess who deferred 
his departure till the 15*^ I will give a line of introd" 
to the Doctor, & he will take charge of these books. 


He is an excellent character & I hope he may benefit 
by his voyage. 

Saturday [January] S**". How Time flies, & how my 
early companions fly also. On Thur^' 6"' Died at Bruns- 
wick Andrew Kirkpatrick lately Ch. Justice of N. Jer- 
sey, & brother in law of M'' Bayard, & is to be buried 
this day. He was my Chum at Nassau Hall before the 
revol" a class ahead of me. Chum literally means in 
the Universities of G. Britain, from w'' we derive it 
Room mate but is commonly, nowadays applied to con- 
temporaries. He was my roommate, & a very pleasant 
one. Thus in one week I have lost two schoolmates, 
M" Monteath & M' Kirkpatrick. Solemn admonitions 
to me to prepare to follow. Of all my College mates in 
this city 6 only remain, Col. Burr, D"" J. R. B, Ro[d]gers, 
Gen' Morton, James Roosevelt, & Ja^ Beekman,^ & some- 
thing remarkable, that on New Years day, D"" Rogers, 
M' Roosevelt & myself met together at Col. Varicks. 
M''^ Kirkpatrick, M"" Bayards sister is a lady of superior 
intellect & very pious. The exemplary death of their 
eldest daughter very accomplished & pious, awakened 
the Father's attention to his Xt" duties, for he had been 
a sceptic from early life. He was so impressed by the 
devotion & comfort w*" his daughter exhibited as to in- 
duce him to search into the evidences of Xt^ & he be- 
came convinced of their truth, & for the latter years of 
his life lived & died a Xt°. He was always a moral 
man & of the greatest integrity. He always attended 
the family prayers put up by his excellent wife. . . . 
I hope that the weather will prove fair tomorrow, for 
in the evening our family propose to attend at Ascen- 
sion, M"" Eastburn's Church a Charity Sermon on behalf 
of the Female Assist [ance] So[ciety] by the Rev'' M' 
Hawkes an eloquent popular preacher. Application was 
made to M' Upfold, rector of S* Thomas for the use of 
his pulpit on the occasion, w** he declined, as the Char- 
ity was not ecclesiastical as our High Churches call it, 

^The catalogues of Princeton graduates do not list a James Beckman. 
Pintard evidently referred to William Beekman, of the class of 1773. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 211 

whereby he has given great umbrage to some of those 
to whom he owes his rectorship, and unless I am mis- 
taken, will rue it. M"" U. is below mediocrity & his 
Congregation declines. You know that I did my pos- 
sible in favour of M"" Eastburn, the first scholar of our 
Ch[urch] in this diocese but, not bowing implicitly to 
the mandates of Bp. Hobart, every effort was exerted 
by the High Ch. party to oppose him, &. to elect a man, 
whose only merit consisted in being a humble satellite 
of the Bishop. Happily they succeeded, for my friend 
has since collected a very promising respectable con- 
gregation, w*" built for him a fine Church, and he is the 
beloved pastor of a pious flock, disposed to countenance 
& aid all public charities without distinction of ecclesi- 
astical associations, w" are not neglected for on every 
such appeal his collections exceed S' Thomas' nearly 
double. Such always will be the result where the min- 
ister possesses the hearts of his people. I did wrong 
not to have followed the bent of my inclination & to 
have left S* Thomas when M*" E. lost his election, but 
Mother & Sister were reluctant. To me, deaf as I am, 
it is of little consequence, but I c*^ wish to live in close 
intimacy with my minister. This I can never do with 
a man below me in Theol' learning. M"" U. is a poor 
stick, not speaking too disrespectfully. . . . 

Monday [January] lO'*". A complete olden times 
N. E. snow storm. Sleighing elegant. . . . The charity 
sermon at Ascension was postponed. . . . 

Returning home on Sat'' I subscribed for a weekly paper 
published by the Am. Sunday School Union, No. 1 of w'' 
I w^ll send you. It contains much inform" about edu- 
cation, & a statistical Table showing the number of 
Sunday Schools & Scholars in every state in the Union, 
among which it makes me happy to find that N York 
ranks preeminent. ... On Saturday as a rew^ard for 
good behaviour I treated my g'^sons with a visit to the 
Am° Scudders Museum, w^ has been removed to a new 
5 story marble building, built expressly for it in 


B'^way corner of Ann S* opposite S^ Pauls. It is ad- 
mirably arranged & is a most splendid exhibition. . . . 

Tues^ [January] 11*\ Seamens Savings B*^ 121/2 
o'clock. My quarterly turn of duty has again come, & 
tho' very inconvenient to me I retain my station as it 
gives credit to this feeble plant to say that some of 
the Trustees of the old B[an]k are Trustees of this. 
After concluding the turn here, I have again to go [to] 
the Phoenix Bank to examine the Certificates of Ala- 
bama Stock purchased yest^. I have been at work all 
the morn^ from 10 to 12. There [are] 50 Certificates 
of $1000 each & 100 of $500 each, total $100,000, with 
3 transfers to each, & another in a transfer book, all 
which are to be singly examined, no small task for my 
old eyes. . . . 

Thurs^' [January] IS'*". Complete winter & elegant 
sleighing. . . . My time was in the preceding part, oc- 
cupied with preparing a Report for the old Bank, w'' 
met in the aft.noon to declare our usual 21/0 p"" c* interest 
for the last 6 months, but at the rate of high premiums 
paid on investments we shall I fear be obliged to reduce 
our interest to 4 p"" c*. We are about closing all ac- 
counts exceeding $1000, w** will lessen our Capital & 
serve the interest of the humbler classes for whom this 
Bank was instituted 

Friday 13'^ [sic for W""] Jan^ Yest^ was our cold- 
est day, & this is quite severe with some appearance of 
snow tomorrow. ... As I was preparing to make up 
my little packet at M"" Burges' I saw a pretty edition 
of all Goldsmiths works, by Washington Irving, an ap- 
propriate for one whose style corresponds so much with 
Goldsmith. It will be a delightful Book for all my 
g'^children in succession. How much have I in my day 
been fascinated with the Essays poems & comedies, espe- 
cially "She Stoops to Conquer." The deputy - can en- 
act both S"" John Hardcastle & his booby waggish son 

2 Lewis Marsden Davidson, deputy clerk of the Supreme Court of 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 213 

Toney Lumpkin, to the life. The Vicar of Wakefield, 
Traveller, Deserted Village, Edwin & Angelina will waft 
the author's name & fame to the latest posterity. As a 
trial of skill I once committed to memory in two read- 
ings the latter Ballad, but it was early in life when I 
was near my school & college habits. Alas! I can now 
only recall a few scattering verses. Soldiering, business 
& the cares of life have effaced almost all the beautiful 
passages, prose & verse, which I had assiduously treas- 
ured up. My almost constant Bible reading for more 
than 30 years has however rendered it very familiar to 
me, and altho' I cannot cite Texts as a Scot, yet when 
quoted I can tell if they are rightly so, but without strict 
fidelity to the letter, I can apply the spirit to every 
incident of my life. . . . 

Saturd^ 14*'' [sic for 15th January]. A right down 
old fashion N. E. violent snow storm. The Talma of 
course cannot sail till Monday. The Kentucky arrived 
below yesf. If she did not get up she must have a hard 
time of it for it blows a gale. . . . 

Monday [January] 17"\ The violent snow storm of 
Satur^ continued with equal violence until last ev^' when 
it cleared off at N West. . . . My moments are few, near 
10, when the Talmas bag is to be taken away. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Talma 

with a small packet 

[By Ship] Kentucky 

N York, Tues 18"' Jan^ 1831 

On Sunday I kept house as did y"" brother, who is not 
apt to stay from Church by w** you may judge of the 
state of the weather. The narrow streets are almost 
blockaded & impassable. Meetings are held to allevi- 
ate the distresses of the suffering poor. . . . 

Wed^ [January] 19*^ Clear, cold & fine wind for 


Talma. Last ev^ our neighbour M" Suydam ^ gave a 
tea party for her daughter 10 years old, to which 42 
children were invited, with our Pintard & Boudy, at 
5 o'clock, p. m., so as to come away early. The eldest 
danced. . . . William went with them & waited. Boudy 
held out till 8 when overpowered with sleep, he was 
brought home. Pintard enquired of a gentleman the 
hour. 9 o'clock. Then it is time for me to be off & so 
he came home mightily pleased with the first debut, & 
more with a paper of cake & bonbons, for himself & 
brother. . . . Yest^ at 1, the Vestry of S* Esprit met to 
receive the report of a Committee previously appointed 
on the subject of selling our antient Temple, built in 
1704, & now the oldest sacred edifice in this city, and 
the site on which it is erected in Pine Street. The 
report in favour of an immediate sale was adopted as 
property in that street & in the vicinity of Wall S* is 
probably at its height. The Committee was empowered 
to dispose of the premises & look out for another site 
on w*" to build, in the mean time, in case of sale, to hold 
our meetings in some upper chamber, likewise to at- 
tend to the decent removal of the reliques of our fore- 
fathers & predecessors. The meeting was a very solemn 
one to me, on reflecting that it fell to my lot to decide 
on the prostration of that small but convenient Temple, 
built so many years ago by our pious predecessors. I 
am moreover the only direct lineal descendent that ad- 
heres to the congregation, in which sense I may be called 
the last of the Huguenots. My feelings were intense the 
more so as I felt obliged to repress them, for most of 
the present congreg" & vestry like Pharaoh have arisen 
who knew not Joseph. I hid the silent tear that trickled 
down my cheeks as well as I could, but my feelings 
were too strong & evident, entirely to escape notice. It 
seemed as tho' I had passed the Death Warrant of my 
Church when I voted as was proper in favour of adopt- 

3 Lambert Suydam lived at 433 Broome Street, according to the New 
York City Directories of 1830-31 and 1831-32. The Pintard-Servoss 
residence was 429 Broome Street. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 215 

ing the Report. I distinctly recollect going to this 
Church when 5 years old, now 67 years ago. 

Friday [January] 2P' . . . We have a vacancy 
among the Vice presidents of the A[merican] B[ible] 
S[ociety] in consequence of the death of Judge Kirk- 
patrick. I am doing my possible in favour of M' Bayard, 
who under Providence may be considered the founder of 
the So[ciety] for it was owing in a great measure to 
his incessant solicitation that D"" Boudinots mind was 
influenced in favour of the subject. The rule is to nomi- 
nate at one meeting & elect at another, w*" will take 
place in Feb^' & March. I have called on several & stated 
M"" Bayards early & important services. The Rev. D' 
Milnor will I hope nominate him. His rival will be 
M"" Frelinghuysen who is justly a very great favourite 
with our Sabbatarian & Indian friends, & who moreover 
stands very prominent in the religious world, & is nearer 
the times of most of our present managers. I trust 
however that early services so important will not be 
forgotten, but I am doubtful. . . . 

Have I told you, that the Rev. M^ Anthon of S' 
Stephens has been ele[c]ted assistant minister of Trin- 
ity. He is a minister of superior talents, chaste & elo- 
quent. The Rev. M' Hawkes has been unanimously 
elected Rector of S' Stephens & will I trust accept, in 
w*" case our church will gain another minister of splen- 
did talents & perhaps the foremost for eloquence in the 

Pintards nurse, Mary Leamy who went to M" Glover 
after leaving Sister, where she lived ever since, died 
yest^. Altho' this is a piercing day I propose to attend 
her funeral. . . . She lived many years in poor M" 
Livingstons family who was very kind to her. I am 
going to call on I\P^ Talbot to get her order to receive 
her half yearly income $125 from M*" Talbots estate this 
day. It is due & there is no foreseeing what a day may 
bring forth. . . . 

Satur^ [January] 22"^. I attended the Funeral of 
Mary Leamy yest'' aft. noon. . . . M' Glover with whom 


she lived since last with us gave her a very decent 
funeral. I did not attend the corpse to S* Luke burial 
ground more than a mile distant. . . . She has left her 
little property in the Savings Bank to her brother in 
EngP a minister, about $600. . . . The Mutual office 
lost about 5 this morn^, $7000 insured on one of our 
public schools.* This makes the 3'^ school for w^ we have 
paid roundly. The Fire was owing it is said to one of 
the new patent Furnaces for heating the apa[r]tments 
w** appear to me very safe. Every project is experi- 
mented to increase the power of heat & lessen the ex- 
pense of Fuel. 

Thur^ [January] 27*'\ The cold does not abate. I 
believe this is the 7^^ day. It is asserted by experienced 
old persons that so great a body of snow has not fallen 
in 50 years. Indeed it is bitter cold. Much distress & 
want abound in this city, & great exertions are making 
to relieve it. From past experience the mode of solicit- 
ing benefactions is very much simplified. Formerly a 
few benevolent & active persons used to take a whole 
ward, & the duty of calling at every door was fatiguing 
indeed. Repulses by the wealthy were disgusting & 
disheartening. Now committees are appointed for every 
Ward, who select the most respectable inhabitants in a 
block, & by this subdivision do more collectively in an 
hour, than we c*^ possibly accomplish in a day. For 
instance, last ev" one of the Ward Committee called in 
& informed M"" Servoss that he & his neighbour M"" 
MTntyre were appointed for their block. He stepped 
in to M"" M'^I. who consented to act & asked when they 
sh*^ go. y brother said that the present was as good a 
time as any. It was a beautiful moonlight night. Al- 
most every househo[l]der, except a few who were 
attending the Ward Committee was at home. They ac- 
complished their tour in about an hour, & made a hand- 

4 Public School No. 12, 17th Street near Eighth Avenue. N.-Y. 
Commercial Advertiser, Jan. 22, 1831 ; W. O. Bourne. History of the 
Public School Society of the City of New York (1870), pp. 122-23. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 217 

some collection. None that c*^ give, refused such 
respectable applicants. It is in this subdivision of labour 
that so much good is effected in our overgrowing city, 
both for religious & charitable purposes. 

Satur^ [January] 29'^ ... I see by the papers that 
Judge Johnston's brother ^ is reappointed Senator a proof 
that his services have proved acceptable. Yest^ I was 
employed in writing to my rev'' friend M"" Potter, & 
endeavoured to give him all the Ecclest' & Theol' intel- 
ligence in my power. I shall leave as a legacy to y"" sister 
to be kind to his son in law when at a future day he 
may come on to our Sem[inar]y for his fathers & my 
sake. . . . There is a great revival of religion in our 
quarter of the city, in M"" Pattens Church,^ just east of 
us. Exercises are performed morn^, aft" & ev^. . . . You 
will see an account of it in the Observer. . . . 

Monday 3P* Jan''. . . . Your brother will ship by the 
John Linton to sail the 8''\ 3 superb pianos on account 
of the manufacturer, to his friend M"" White. When 
advertized for sale, call &: see them, & the perfection 
to w*" these articles of luxury are brought in this city. 
I presume the price will be $500. . . . We have sold 
the premises of my old French Church for $50,000. My 
mark & a very large price it is. It will be my duty to 
attend to the removal of the remains not only of my 
own family but also of those which have no friend to 
protect them. . . . 

N York, Tuesday, V Feb^, 1831 

Wed'' 2^ Feb^. Mild & I hope the immense body 
of snow will go off gently. An arrival, but not the 
IlHnois, w*" I hope will appear this week. All friends 
to our Country & its constitution are rejoicing at the 

sjosiah Stoddard Johnston, of Louisiana. 

6 The Central Presybterian Church, Rev. William Patton. on Broome 
Street, near Elm Street. 


defeat of the southern demagogues to break down the 
independence of the Sup. Court of the U. S. the great 
palladium of our liberties. Thank God there is yet too 
much virtue & sound sense in Congress to prostrate the 
Judiciary. This nefarious attempt is for the present 
frustrated, as I hope it always will be. 

I apprehend that the Vestry Du S' Esprit will en- 
counter some trouble on ace* of the removal of the re- 
mains of our predecessors, which is certainly a delicate 
& painful subject. But what can we do? The edifice 
founded in 1704 is very old & decayed, & not fit to be 
repaired. It has been for some years contemplated to 
dispose of the premises to locate & erect a new church 
farther up the city, for the population is fast deserting 
the lower districts, where the old habitations are con- 
verted into Ware houses. This measure cannot be ac- 
complished without disposing of the present premises 
w^ has been done very beneficially for $50,000. There 
are 8 Vaults, all modern, within 40 years, besides our 
families which is coeval with the foundation of the 
Church. Several remote descendants of the antient fam- 
ilies, & who do not belong to the congregation are en- 
deavouring to oppose the exhumation of their ancestors 
remains, a very natural objection, but they are, those in 
the vaults excepted, totally decayed, for the cemetery 
being small, interments have ceased for many years. It 
is very easy to excite sympathy on such an occasion. 
. . . Probably any difficulty may be surmounted by pro- 
viding, at the expense of the Church, new vaults, in 
place of the old. I made no stipulation in my own 
favour, but if others are indemnified, I shall look for 
neighbours fare. My name is so identified with the 
Church, that my acquiescence in the sale silences the 
clamours of many. Still I fear trouble, & it distresses 

Sat^ S**" Feb^. Bitter cold. Thur'' p. m. it snowed 
& cleared off after a rain w*" became a sheet of ice & 
rendered the walking very hazardous. I attended on 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 219 

Thur" the meetings of my vestry & the A[merican] 
B[ible] S[ociety], glad to reach home safe at 7 o'clock. 
The Committee of sale reported that they had disposed 
of the Old Church & premises for $50,000, $5000 down 
to bind the contract, $15,000 P' May, when possession 
is to be given & $3000 pay[ab]le in 10 an[nua]l instal- 
ments with interest at 5 p'' c' semiannually. A very 
great sale. If we meet with no difficulties on acc^ of 
removing the remains of those buried in the cemetery, 
I shall be happy indeed, but some trouble may be ex- 
pected. Died yest^ AE. 46 John Watts, J"" M. D. Presi- 
dent of the College of Physicians, a manager of the 
A. B. S. & a useful member of several of our humane 
& benevolent Institutions. I mentioned something a 
year ago about a large legacy left by the late John G. 
Leake Esq. to Robert, son of John Watts, uncle to the 
Doctor. The will, after being carried up to the court 
of errors was adjudged in favour of Robert, who had 
just come of age & shortly after died, whereby his Father 
became heir at law to M'' Leakes estate valued at 
$300,000. It was a condition of the Will, that in case 
Robert sh'' die, without heirs, & before he came of age, 
that the whole of the estate sh*' go towards founding an 
assylum for Orphans, without distinction of denomina- 
tion. M"" J. Watts has most honourably relinquished 
his legal right to this large estate to carry into effect 
the intention of M"" Leake, and a Bill is now before our 
Legislator, to incorporate Trustees to take charge of the 
Estate & fulfil the intentions of the munificent Tes- 
tator. The Building will probably be designated, the 
Leake & W^atts Orphan House. This is probably the 
largest single legacy ever bequeathed to a single object 
in the \J States. Few, very few w*^ be found to act the 
liberal & generous part of M"" Watts. The higher praise 
be his. I ought to have mentioned that Doctor Watts 
was own cousin of M'^ Smith & M" Chew. Lord Stirling 
had only two daughters. Lady Mary who married Rob* 
Watts, father of the Doctor & Lady Kitty who married 
M"" Duer. The Watts family were of the highest in our 


city before the Revol" & among the most respectable 
since. The name of Watts will now descend with hon- 
our to posterity. 

Monday 7*" Feb^. Our weather still continues ex- 
tremely cold. ... 3 ships from N[ew] 0[rleans] are 
now out of time, the John Linton, Azelia, & Illinois, 
owing to the preceding N. Westers. I hope no accident 
to either has happened. We are also deprived of Euro- 
pean intelligence. The last accounts left the Poles in 
a state of insurrection, but we may tremble for the re- 
sult. How can this brave handful of people oppose 
the gigantic power of Russia & the gallant youths who 
began the onset may all fall victims to cruel despotic 
policy, or be obliged to abandon their families & coun- 
try. In consequence of Kosciusko, Pulaski & other gen- 
erous Poles who took part in our struggles for liberty, we 
naturally feel an interest in their fate. . . . While the 
people of these U States have abundant cause to be 
grateful for the civil & religious privileges we enjoy, 
there is still cause for apprehension that our constitu- 
tion is too good to endure, & that it will fall a victim 
to the ambition of demagogues. The late audacious 
attack on the judiciary has been happily defeated, but 
I confess for myself I tremble for the future. No hu- 
man policy can be devised so perfect but that it may 
be assailed & finally prostrated by unprincipled par- 
tisans looking for state & personal aggrandisement. It 
becomes therefore the wise & good of every section of our 
extended empire to rally round & support the most 
perfect constitution that has ever yet been bestowed 
on a nation. The Union, once severed, can never be 
restored on equal principles, & the small states will be 
swallowed up by the greater. My maxim has always 
been, with respect to N York, let who will rule or what- 
ever party may predominate to do every thing for the 
improvement & aggrandizement of our state, that in case 
of trouble, we may be able to secure, at least, our own 
inestimable privileges. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 221 

Wed^ [February] 9"'. Still extremely cold, & much 
suffering by this protracted winter. Were it not for 
the abundant supply of anthartic coal in the city I 
know not what rich or poor c'' do. As to inducing the 
humble to provide in summer for the wants of the 
winter, it is practically impossible. I have had 3 heats 
at it, & despair. The only remedy is the universal in- 
troduction of the use of coal for every domestic purpose 
in families. Then abundant supplies will be procured 
by the Vendors, for it requires little comparative room 
for Coal Yards compared with wood. Oak Wood is now 
selling at 4i/l, Doll" a load, the 3^ part of a cord @ 
$13.50. It absolutely exhausts all the charitable funds 
that can be raised. . . . Arrivals of 2 packets bring 
great & interesting intelligence. . . . 

Saturday [February] 12"'. Providentially a fine day 
to observe the Eclipse w'' engrosses all classes philos- 
ophers & fools, grown persons & children. I have just 
stepped down to Wall S' with a faithful promise to be 
back by 11 Vo o'clock when the Eclipse begins, leaving 
our boys on the look out & William smoking glasses for 
observation. . . . The John Linton put into Newport, 
being out of coal for the Cabbin 10 days, but Fuel 
eno[ugh] for cooking. Her passage must have been 
terrible. The Illinois yet lingers. Your brother is to 
meet the Palmers this aft. noon & on Monday I may 
give you his determination w*" will depend altogether on 
the favourableness of the offer. If he accepts he will 
make a most capital agent for the concern, altho' it is 
a very troublesome one, but his intelligence & activity 
can do much for the interests of the owners. 

Monday, [February] 14*^ We had but a sorry 
Eclipse to the g* disappointment of the boys who ex- 
pected to see the Fowls go to roost. At the commence- 
ment the sun shone bright, but was obscured by clouds 
before the eclipse attained its greatest obscuration & 
so continued until it was over, with no greater darkness 
than frequently occurs in a cloudy day. It was nothing 


to compare to that of 1808 when it was really darker 
than twilight, but the event served to amuse the chil- 
dren & to explain to them the celestial phenomena. 
Every advantage must be taken to enlighten & expand 
their minds. No Illinois. She must probably have got 
into the gulf stream & been driven to the eastward. 
The Alabama was more fortunate. She is to sail on 
Wed-''. The Rev. M"" Pyne goes out passenger to N[ew] 
0[rleans] in behalf of Washington College Hartford. 
By request y'' brother will give him some letters of 
introduction, to which I shall add one to the Doctor. 
He is a respectable Divine of the Epis^ Church & goes 
out under the auspices of Bp. Brownell. Y"" asking him 
to tea is all that is necess^ as you do not belong to our 
communion. Your brother has assented to take the 
Agency of the new line '^ & one tenth interest. Mess" 
Palmers write to this effect. The consummation of the 
agreement rests at N[ew] 0[rleans]. Sh^ it take place, 
the keel of the first ship will be laid in April & so on 
monthly until the whole are built when the line will 
commence running in Septem^ He thinks he sees his 
way clear & that it will be profitable. God speed him. 
Shrove Tuesday, 15^^ Feb''. Pan cake day to the 
great joy of our children. . . . Yesf we received via 
Jamaica, a confirmation of the death of Bolivar, the 
Liberator of So[uth] America. His character, unlike 
Washington, has been equivocal, but certainly he has 
been a very great general, & placed in most trying, des- 
perate, & critical circumstances. It will soon be seen 
what is to be the fate of New Spain, whether like the 
successors of Alexander, it is to fall a prey to the am- 
bition of those of Bolivar. It takes more to make a 
Free independent nation, than a mere Declaration. The 
degraded ignorant state of the Spanish colonies, subject 

"^ The Louisiana and New York Line, the third line of regular packets 
between New York and New Orleans. Five ships were built and 
launched for this line in 1831: Louisville, Capt. Peter Price; Nashville, 
Capt. John Rathbone; Natchez, Capt. Hartwell Reed; Creole, Capt. 
Ambrose Page; and Huntsville, Capt. Charles Stoddard. See R. G. 
Albion's Square-Riggers on Schedule. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 223 

to the vilest superstitions of priestcraft, rendered them 
incapable of self government, & probably a whole gen- 
eration must be cut off, like the Israelites of old, before 
the several disunited states can settle down into a 
peaceable happy people. . . . 

With your other papers I send an Ev^ Post contain- 
ing biographical notices of the new British Ministry. 

New York, Thur' 17''' Feb^ 1831. Quite mild 

. . . The late excessively severe weather is I hope 
broken for the season. Since the blow at S. E. & hard 
rains of yest-'' it has cleared off as mild as April, & the 
snow happily for the country is dissolving gradually. 
The cold commenced 6'" Jan'' & the heavy snow on the 
8*^ was followed by a succession of snows, w*" rendered 
the sleighing uninterrupted till yest^ so that we have 
had 6 weeks of winter as severe as I ever knew. The 
Sound was frozen across from N Rochelle to Sands Point 
Light House & the navigation entirely closed, that of 
our Bay & Harbour greatly impeded by floating Ice. 
Fuel, Wood has been as high as $3i/2 a carmans load & 
w*^ have risen much higher but for the full supply of 
Pennsylv*" Coal in the yards. A general consumption 
of this article can alone render poor people comfortable 
at a cheap price, & the constant improvements of cheap 
Furnaces will gradually introduce them into the apart- 
ments of the humble, who will soon learn how to use 
them. . . . 

Wed^ [February] 23^ Fog & drizzle. I am to at- 
tend a special meeting of the Trustees of the Savings 
Bk. this p. m. & shall return early home. . . . Were it 
not for M"" D wight Editor of the Daily Advert [ise]r I 
sh** have no one with whom to interchange a sentiment. 
Reading is my only resource & that, esp'' newspapers 
distresses my eyes. I fear that if spared I must shortly 


become a recluse, next morbid & lastly that wretched 
being a misanthrope, w^ God avert. It appears by the 
last letters from N[ew] 0[rleans] that the new line of 
packets hinges on y^ brothers accepting the Agency. To 
this he has unequivocally assented & M"" Foster has 
been written to, to come on immed^ to aid in building 
the ships, w*" are to be of the first rate best materials & 
best found in every particular. 

Thur^ 24''' Feb^. ... An old British officer Major 
Price of Boston, who served with my uncle Cap* Pin- 
tard in Germany, was notorious for his endless stories. 
It is related of him that on embarking for Eng** his 
conversation was interrupted, that on his return 9 years 
after he met the friend with whom he had parted on 
the Long Wharf, & seizing him by the button of his coat, 
resumed the subject of his interrupted story, with "as I 
was saying" & spun off the remainder of his Yarn. 
There is nothing more irksome than one of the tedious 
minute prosers except perhaps a prolix letter writer, 
like myself, for example. ... Be not alarmed least 
your father sh*^ play the fool with others than y'self. I 
almost abhor writing, excepting to y'self, & really when 
I receive a letter it almost gives me an ague fit on open- 
ing it least I sh*^ have to answer it. Coming down to 
Wall S' this cold morning, the mild rain of yest'' being 
blown off by a piercing N. Wester, I stopped in at the 
Union Sunday School office & bought G*^father Greg- 
ory's tales for Julia & Ev^ recreations which may be 
profitable read by children of larger growth. 2 more 
voP are yet to appear w'' shall be forwarded when pub- 
lished. I have looked into these & confess that my 
knowledge of the old Test[ament] is improved. There 
are several small works, on the geography, natural hist^ 
&c. of the Scriptures, in course of public" w'' shall also 
be sent. What are not the advantages of the present 
generation of children? 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 225 

Monday 28'^ Feb^'. I rec'^ this morn*^ a letter from 
our Knight ^ w*" after taking home for perusal, will bring 
down tomorrow & inclose for you to save repetition. It 
was delivered in time to call on his Uncle & obtain $50 
w*" I remitted by mail instantly, so that it will reach 
him tomorrow, at 10, & enable him I hope to settle all 
demands & set off with his friends ]\PNeil & Davezac for 
Pittsburgh. His uncle says, if no impediments in the 
roads & that the waters sh'^ be up, he may arrive at 
N[ew] 0[rleans] in 12 days after setting off. . . . Last 
ev^ y"" brother & sister attended a Charity sermon at 
S' Pauls for the Orphan Assylum. preached by the Rev. 
M"" Hawks, who was to have accompanied M"" Pyne to 
N[ew] 0[rleans]. The Church was crowded to suffo- 
cation almost. The sermon s*^ to be the most eloquent 
& pathetic ever delivered within its Walls, and the 
collec'' $627, one of the greatest ever made in any Epis- 
copal Church in this city. This Rev*^ Divine has sealed 
his fame & thrown all his brethren into the background, 
excepting always the Rev. M' Upfold of S* Thomas, 
who refused the use of his pulpit as I have heretofore 
told you. A renowned High Churchman, who, as he 
told y"" sister, never moves a finger without consulting 
Bp. Onderdonk. Among modern improvements au- 
tomaton preachers might be one, like hand organs, to 
grind off a sermon. It w'^ be a saving of g^ expense. 
Such w*^ be the Dumb Dogs spoken of by the prophets. 
The machine might be set to high or low or no Church 
discourses, adapted to the meridian of the Congrega- 
tions, who may as well sleep under wo [o] den as living 

[Addressed by:] Ship Illinois 

with a Packet 

John Pintard Davidson. 


New York, Wed^ 2^ March, 1831. beautiful day 

. . . This & the 2 preceding days are as mild as May, 
a very little chill in the atmosphere owing to the great 
body of snow in the country. Our streets are fluid with 
mud, excepting Broadway, the west side of which is dry 
& clean, along which the Belles & Beaux flutter like 
papillons, happy to get abroad to visit the Fashion Shops 
filled with the newest patterns of French & English 
Fancy goods received by the last arrivals. The mantua 
makers & milliners will be in full requisition & there 
will be a grand display of fashion & finery at the great 
Fancy Ball to take place on the 18*". Tickets are out, 
& one sent to your brother & sister w" they de- 
clined. , . . 

Thur^ [March] 3'^. Bulletin. Dear Mother was bled 
yest^ ... By her request D"" Francis bled Aunt Betsey 
yest^, w" she much required. Her blood the D"" say[s] 
was as black as Tar. She was surprized to see it flow, 
without feeling the puncture, being accustomed to the 
phlegms of country physicians, instead of the delicate 
lancets in modern use. . . . The Doctors lady who had 
never before returned Mothers & Sisters visit, called 
yest^ & saw them both. The Doctor said that she ex- 
pressed herself much pleased with her visit, finding them 
probably not quite such vulgar cattle as she expected. 
M" F. is the daughter of a M" Cutler^ of Boston, a 
Georgian I think, who when a widow, before her last 
marriage, was introduced to mothers acquaintance. She 
was an affable pleasing lady, is still living. M" F. is 
tall, stooping, not handsome, but as a Doctors wife 
ought to be sociable. I understand that she is pious & 
attends M"" Eastburns Church. She is also benevolent. 
. . . She has a brother also a Minister. I hope that 
the believing wife will convert the unbelieving husband. 
Francis, some 7 years ago, was taken very ill & his 

9 Sarah (Marion) Hyrne Cutler, widow of William Hyme, who 
married as his second wife, Benjamin Clark Cutler, of Boston. N. S. 
Cutler, A Cutler Memorial (1889), pp. 565-66. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 227 

life despaired. Surrounded by tiie Faculty, young & 
old. I called repeatedly to see him. One morning, 
finding him all alone, much reduced in body & spirits, I 
spoke to him freely & fully on the state of his soul, & of 
the duty of making his peace with his maker & preparing 
for death, as I firmly believed that I sh*^ never see him 
again in this world. He was totally silent & squeezed 
my hand at parting. He recovered thro' the mercy of 
God, & told me of the many who had called to see him, 
not one, besides myself, ever spoke of his future state 
or gave him any spiritual advice. I asked him what he 
thought about his cond[it]ion. He replied that he 
thought that there were many among his acquaintances 
more wicked than himself. Sorry consolation for a 
dying sinner, but one I fear too often administered. 
Francis however in his worst estate was not to my knowl- 
edge a scoffing sceptic. He always spoke moderately 
on the subject of Divine Revelation, altho it was ap- 
parent that he as well as others of my philosophical 
friends regarded me as a weak enthusiast, for I never 
shrunk from contending for the Truth on all proper occa- 
sions. He is evidently more soberly inclined & abstains 
from that once free indulgence at the table w*" was once 
too much the order of the day with most of us. His col- 
loquial powers are great. Rather too cynical & ve- 
hement, but extensively read, & travelled. He has been 
to me a very entertaining, profitable companion. . , . 

Sat^ 5^^ March. . . . D"" Francis bled me copiously 
yest^ w*" was much required. I feel lighter & less top 
heavy than before. I find, if spared, that this depletion 
must be annual at least. Col. Troup, who is about 
4 years my senior, was advised by his physician to be 
bled semi annually, that it w*^ prolong his life 30 years. 
He has attained 31 years since following this advice, & 
has outlived all but two I think of his contemporaries 
at the Bar, of whom Col. Burr is one. Considering what 
a fall this man [h]as experienced, almost from the sum- 
mit of political rank, what scenes he has passed thro' & 


what mortifications he must have endured, his pro- 
tracted years are marvelous. His health & appearance 
are good, but he passes thro' the streets, unnoticed tho' 
not unknown. He lives retired, attends to professional 
duties, but condescends to the most degrading litiga- 
tions, contesting & disturbing titles to estates. Em- 
ployed in no eminent causes, he is obliged for a living 
to condescend to those of the lowest character. I always 
feel a pang of regret whenever I see him. He was once 
kind to me, for w*" I suffered by having to pay, as bail 
for D"" Brown $450 election bills, at a time when I c" 
illy afford it. Francis says that if I will submit to his 
counsels, that he will cherish my life till 90, a period 
improbable, not desireable, long before w^ I shall prob- 
ably become blind & lamed as well as deaf. I may infer 
that he thinks my constitution sound for my years. 
Thank God I feel it so. . . . 

Monday [March] 7^^ 

I was espec'' delighted in the ev^' by reading attentively 
a sermon of the late Pres* Dwight on the Resurrection 
& a future state. It comprehends all that is revealed to 
us in Scripture on this interesting subject that naturally 
attracts human curiosity, & excites much imagination. 
S* Pauls 1 Epis[tle] to the Corinthians IS**" Chap, is a 
summary of every thing that it has pleased God to re- 
veal to mortals. It is the most sublime of all his 
Epistles, & what is more on so speculative a subject, 
most intelligible even to common minds. This Chapter 
is in our Funeral service, w" is read on occasions of dis- 
tinction. Bp. Hobart was accustomed to read it with 
powerful efifect & I have often told him that I consid- 
ered it his masterpiece of eloquence. This as he justly 
w'' remark depended greatly on his feelings at the time. 
There were occasions, at the funerals of eminent per- 
sons, such as Gen^ Clarkson &c^ when the Church was 
crowded by an Audience of our first characters, that the 
Bishops energies sh'' be excited to their highest pitch. 
It was on such occasions that he far excelled all others 
that I ever heard. This solemn sublime service of our 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 229 

Church is too often performed in the most monotonous 
common place manner, as tho' the minister was exe- 
cuting a task for the sake of his scarf, & wished to get 
over as quick as possible. . . . 

lli/o o'clock. To my astonishment, y"" brother has 
called in & says that he has rec'^ a letter from Pintard, 
at Phil", requesting $70, that he has been detained ex- 
pecting a remitt[anc]e from his father. . . . 

Wed" 9"" March. . . . This morn^ has been devoted 
to preparing the Report of the Funding Com*^ of the 
Savings Bank, w*" always falls to my lot, to be laid before 
the Trustees at their monthly meeting this p. m. To 
indexing the last minutes of the A[merican] B[ible] 
S[ociety] a job of 2 hours, & to attending a Committee 
of Losses of the Mut[ual] Ins[urance] C° on an im- 
portant case, a policy of the Public School So[ciety] on 
one of their Schools lately destroyed by Fire, w*" the 
Com* adjudged to be forfeited by informality. . . . 

Friday [March] IV^. . . . Pintard [Davidson] says 
[i.e. writes] that Senator Johnston is to leave PhiP for 
Alex[andria, Louisiana] I presume on Sat^. Y"" brother 
was in hopes that he w*^ have visited N Y & to have in- 
troduced him to us. He likewise says, M^ J. has sent 
by the transportation line a portrait of his brother, for 
what purpose he does not mention, but we shall be very 
happy to see the likeness of our darlings companion. I 
have been highly gratified with the perusal of M' John- 
stons letter on the subject of the proposed reduction of 
the tariff on N[ew] 0[rleans] sugars. His premises are 
just & his conclusions sound. The Letter is admirable 
for clearness of conception & perspicuity, & ought to 
carry conviction with it. The mystery of the attempt to 
single out Louisiana alone for this reduction is obvious, 
a rod held over the planters & people to influence their 
votes in favour of Jackson. Y"" brother whose ideas on 
this subject are practical, fully concurs with M"" J. He 


wrote an article signed Orleans on the subject, published 
in the Journal of Commerce last Nov. w" corresponds 
so fully with M"" J. that one w*^ almost infer that he had 
it before him when he wrote the letter. M"" J. has given 
proof of elaborate research & will well deserve a public 
dinner from his constituents when he returns to Lou- 

Monday [March] 14th ... The last N*' of the Ob- 
server contains a letter from N[ew] 0[rleans] of 14*" 
Feb'' giving an ace* of y'' Sunday School meeting, with 
a very favourable & liberal description of y" city & So- 
ciety, French & Americans. How greatly improved since 
my day. The worst part of y"" winter population is, 
probably, the trading adventurers, who flock to N. 0. in 
pursuit of rapid wealth. They leave their religion & 
morals, if they had any, at home, & adopt all the vices 
of fo[l]ly, gambling & dissipation, & do little credit to 
our country. Your slave trade too is of the very worst 
character, being generally the turbulent slaves of the 
south, sold to get rid of them & save the lives of the 
Virginians &c''. This dreadful curse is one day to be 
visited & I shudder to anticipate the period of awful 
visitation. Come it will & to our Southern states also 
w" are repeatedly agitated by the dread of negro 
con [s] piracies & insurrections. . . . 

Tuesd^ [March] lo*^ beautiful mild day. Mother 
improving. I inclose you[r] sisters card for the Fancy 
Ball on the 18*\ The Miss Schencks called yest^ p. m. 
to see whether she was going, w" as not agreeable to 
M"" S. she prudently declines. They say that it is to 
be the most splendid Ball that has ever taken place in 
this extravagant city. 700 Tickets are out. The Room 
is got up in a Fairy Grotto style & many ladies fantastic 
dresses are to correspond. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Brig Trent 

with a small packet 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 231 

New York, Tues^ lb'"" March, 1831 

Your dear mother as I have written, has been again 
prostrated by Chill & Fever. It has pleased God once 
more to raise her from the bed of sickness & I hope that 
this attack, so early in the spring, may secure her from 
relapse or illness thro' the next summer. . . . 

Thur^ [March] 17"'. . . . M^ Bayard came to town 
yest^ without Aunt Patty. . . . M^ & M" B. accompany 
their daughter Julia to Virginia, to stay for a fortnight, 
leaving M""^ Washington till the last of May . . . M^ B. 
returns at 1 o'clock. I had provided a superior round of 
beef to alamode of w" he is very fond & a fine calves 
head mock turtle soup. The Rector will ask a blessing 
& represent not inadequately his father. The Bayards 
are all hearty feeders. Your Sister attended the wedding 
of Miss Bogardus to a M"" Snowden merch*. Service by 
the Rev. M^ Upfold of S* Thomas. M" U. was also 
there. The party not very large & a very genteel supper. 
Ref^ home at 11. Sister was very shall I say gaily 
dressed but neat, her headdress with her pearl (fec**^ 
looked more than smart, not gaudy but chaste & pretty. 
... I believe she will go to the Fairy ball tomorrow 
ev^. All the world is going father & it is to be the most 
superb, splendid & fanciful of any ever witnessed in this 
city. 700 Tickets @ $15 ea. are out making 1400 couple, 
cost $10,500. Where they are all to sit or stand must 
be left to the ingenuity of the Fairies. . . . 

Friday [March] IS**" ... I rejoice that you have lit 
on a good cook at last. By this time you will have had 
proof of her disposition & conduct. Being sold out of 
so respectable a family as Judge Hays, appears against 
her. Dear Mother will call on M" Hay, now with her 
Father in this city & enquire into her character. . . . 
Sister, who has had a variety of Cooks, good & bad, has 
now a very good one, Nancy, from Baltimore, the best 
she has ever had & good enough if she continues, as at 
present, contented. She has an excellent waiter, Will- 
iam, who is good to the boys & who are very fond of 


him. Mary the Nursery maid, now 18 months with 
us, . . . 

Sat^ [March] 19*". rain. Your sister went to the 
Fancy Ball last even^ & got back at 12, without rain. 
. . . Your brother who was at first reluctant is pleased 
& gratified that he went. . . . The present y"" brother 
says was managed with the great [est] propriety of any 
he ever witnessed, w*" is to the praise of our gay city, 
indeed boisterous levity w'^ not be tolerated. Your 
brother thinks that Sister looked as well as most others, 
& surpassed the Schencks who perhaps were over gay. 
... I cannot forget that I was once young, & that such 
were most pleasing to me. Dear Mothers participation 
was but, from adverse circumstances, short lived, but 
she was once the gayest of the gay, as she undoubtedly 
was the fairest of the fair. ... 

Monday [March] 2P* 

My time this morn^, now I/2 p. 12, has been occupied 
about my French Church concerns, & will be more or 
less for a fortnight until the total removal of the reliques 
of our forefathers. We have quite an excitement in Wall 
S' this morn*-'. The City Bank has been robbed, between 
Sat^ & last night, of, some say $130,000, others, of 
1160,000. ... 

Tues-^ [March] 22'' 

All eminent characters generally, have been early risers. 
The soldier from necessity. Gen. Washington always 
rose before six the year round. My friend De Witt 
Clinton was habitually an early riser. I have repeatedly 
called on him at 6 & found him with his books & papers 
in his private ofiice. He always remarked were it not 
for this practice he c*^ never write or despatch the busi- 
ness of the day. Divines generally, are sluggish, their 
sedentary lives lead to indulgence. Bp. Hobart was a 
very early riser never requiring more than 6 hours re- 
pose, but he was uncommonly energetic in mind & 
body. . . . 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 233 

Wed^ [March] 23^ Yest-" 22^ was y' Sisters birthday. 
. . . She did not get abroad till late, to pay her respects 
to M'' S[ervoss']s Aunt Wo[o]d, as it was her birthday 
also, when the good old lady completed her 86'" year, a 
great age. She was very well. Having to attend the 
Vestry Du S* Esprit, I took my plate alone & in the ev^ 
Sister accounted for her absence at dinner. She enjoys 
remarkable good health & spirits, & her nursling is a 
very fine quiet babe. The meeting of our Vestry was 
to increase the salary of our Rector in consequence of 
his change of situation. His was $1750 a year & we 
granted $600 more to hire a comfortable House. When 
our new Church shall be built, w" may cost, with site, 
130,000, & we shall [have] placed our revenue in se- 
cure funds, I hope that we shall be able [to] give M, 
Varen a permanent salary of $2500, w** with prudence 
will enable him to live decently & comfortably, & to 
lay by something for his family. Time I trust will 
reconcile M"" Hammersley to the match, who is rich, & 
will, in all events, not forget his daughter. Madame 
Varen is quite an amiable lady & we are attentive to 
her as our cousin. . . . This aft. noon I am to go to S' 
Clements Church, to give some directions respecting 
the new vault, w^ I may hereafter describe. 

... I have been all the morn^, now V2 H^ engaged 
in preparing some facts respecting our late City Hall,^" 
with dates to w'' it was difficult to recur, for the Mirror. ^^ 
together with a short introductory note for the instruc- 
tive amusing tale of the Dean of Bajadoz.^- . . . 

Friday [March] 25"" . . . The mystery of the deten- 
tion of y*" letter ^^ was unravelled by y"" brother. Having 

^° At Wall and Nassau Streets. 

^1 Pintard's "A Brief History of the Old Federal Hall," was printed 
in The New-York Mirror of November 19, 1831 (vol. IX, p. 153). 

12 "The Dean of Badajoz" bv the Abbe Blanchet, was printed in 
The New-York Mirror of April 9. 1831, vol. VIII, pp. 314-15. with an 
introductory paragraph by "Senex." 

13 Mrs. Davidson's original letter of February 7, 8 and 10. 1831, to 
her father, addressed by the Temiessee, was presented to The New- 
York Historical Society by Mrs. James M. Todd (Margaret Ker 
Texiida). a great-great-granddaughter of Mrs. Davidson. 


been sent too late for the Tennessee, it was forwarded 
by the ship Howard, w^ had a very long passage. . . . 

Sat^ [March] 26^'^ 

I have just come from the Ch[urch] Yard [of the 
French Church] which is turned up in every direction, 
to take up Coffins & the decayed remains of past gen- 
erations, to be placed in boxes, & taken away by their 
relatives or sent to the Vaults purchased in S* Marks 
Church at the upper end of the city. My Tomb is to 
be opened on Monday morn^ where I shall attend at 9, 
to designate the Coffins 5 to be removed to my new 
Vault in S* Clements. . . . 

Monday [March] 28*\ ... I have just come 11 y2 
o'clock from a heart rending scene, taking up the Cof- 
fins from our family Vault. The Rev. M"" Bayard break- 
fasted with us, after performing morning service in his 
Church at 6 o'clock, this being Passion Week. I also 
rose early to read the service & lessons of the day. He 
kindly attended me & render essential aid, as it was 
difficult to discriminate the diff[erent] coffins. Of the 
5 w*" I shall transport this aft.noon to our new Vault 
in S' Clements Church 2 only remain undecayed, My 
good old Uncle ^^ & g'^ma Brasher. ^^ The Madames ^^ & 
Captains ^^ were too much decayed, & the contents were 
taken out & decently placed in poor Uncle Lewis' ^^ 
Coffin, his remains being totally decayed, and the whole 
placed in an external Box. Of the 4 Van Dams, 2 only 
are so far entire as to be capable of being removed to 
S* Marks Church in cases, & the contents of the others 
placed in a Box. Of the Cutting Family, 3 are to be 
cased & 2 Coffins are entire. My poor heart is almost 
gone. It was difficult to suppress my tears, amidst a 
number of spectators all anxious to see the exhuma- 

1* Lewis Pintard (1732-1818). 

15 Mrs. Abraham Brasher (Helena Kortright), mother of Mrs. John 
Pintard, who died in 1819. 

1*5 Madame Marie Elizabeth (Desleau-Vallade) Pintard, second wife 
of Lewis Pintard. 

1^ Captain Samuel Pintard, younger brother of Lewis Pintard. 

18 Lewis Searle Pintard, son of Captain Samuel Pintard. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 235 

tioiis that are going on in our antient Cemetery. At 
4 this afternoon the dear reliques of my departed friends 
are to be taken to S^ Clements & when deposited in 
the new vault may they rest in peace. . . . 

Tuesd^ [March] 29'\ Bulletin. I left dear mother 
better. A rainy morn^. I was favoured by the weather 
yest^ to accomplish the most painful services that can 
be rendered to the remains of our dear departed friends. 
By the arrangements of the morning the only 2 entire 
Coffins, my dear Uncles, with y'' g'^mamas, & the Case 
containing poor Uncle Lewis' decayed Coffin & the 
reliques of his Father & of the Madame, were all safely 
& decently transferred & reposited in my new Tomb in 
S' Clements Church at 5 o'clock p. m. y"" brother & M"" 
Bayard lending their kind assistance. The Vault is un- 
der the vestry room in the rear of the Church easily 
accessible without removing earth over its aperture, it 
being constructed like a cellar with doors, locks & keys. 
Tho' not so large is more so than most modern vaults. 
I have had it shelved at the lower end so as to contain 
Coffins without resting on each other. Dear old Uncle & 
g'^ma repose side by side. Uncle Lewis' Box too large 
for the shelf rests on Locust plank, brought up from S* 
Esprit. Requiescant in pace. I had brought up the 
Marble Tomb stone, inscribed "Tombeau de la famille 
Pintard 1704" & will have the present year 1831 in- 
serted & set up over the new vault. . . . 

Wed-" [March] 30'^ On Monday aft.noon y^ brother 
sent home the Box w" arrived after my return home 
from S* Clements, opportunely, to dissipate the gloom 
that depressed my spirits. It was immed^' opened & 
the portrait ^^ placed on a Chair directly before dear 
mother to contemplate the resemblance of her new g'^son, 
with w*" she was very much pl[e]ased. 

This is my very solemn week. Thus far hath the 
Lord helped. As a small, not trifling, tribute of grati- 
tude I send a packet by the Kentucky, with 31 vol. in 

19 Of John Harris Johnston (1795-1838). 


neat half binding of the Tracts of the Am. Tract So. 
such as you have, for my Turtle Dove to present to y' 
Sunday School Library, also a map of Palestine for the 
Bible Class to be pres[en]ted by my dear Mary, who 
are both Teachers I presume. This with Mothers ap- 
probation. In the package are all Peter Parleys works 
in 7 vols for the Younglings Juvenile Library. Useful & 
entertaining. Also Marneys ring, with the last Ob- 
server & S[unday] S[chool] Journal, a Report on our 
Lunatic Assylum for the Doctors w*" they will find use- 
ful, also Websters celebra[ted] speech on the Judiciary 
& his reply at the late dinner, for the Deputy. On 
the table of the portrait I see Currans speeches, indica- 
tive of the Judges early taste. Deputy, read Curran, 
but do not imitate his style. The Irish Orators are too 
flowery indeed hyperbolical for our chaster taste. Study 
Burke, when you can command time. He is a mine of 
political maxims, & not so florid as his countrymen, his 
wild Irish fancy chastened by English conversation. His 
Works, w^ I do not possess or I w" send them were to 
me a luxury, surpassing Junius, in my estimation. 

Broome S^ Sat-" 2" April 1831. A May day 

What a happy Easter you will all enjoy tomorrow. 
It will be a solemn day with me, to partake for the last 
time of the Lord's Supper in the Temple reared by our 
pious Forefathers, after which Divine services are to 
close, in order to dismantle the Church w*" is to be de- 
livered to the purchaser on the P* of May. . . . After 
concluding service in S* Esprit yest^ I sent home a superb 
English Baskerville Folio Bible & 2 Folio Common 
Prayer Books, w*" are to be loaned to S* Clements Church 
until called for, w*" will be a long day. They are splen- 
didly bound in blue Morocco, not much the worse for 
wear. They were procured in 1803, for the English serv- 
ice performed on Sunday afternoon, which after the de- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 237 

cease of M. Albert was discontinued. I shall endeavour 
to obtain our small Organ of excellent tone, Chandeliers 
& Christening Marble Font, for the temporary use of 
S' Clements, so as to help our Rev. Rector along. The 
setting up of the wood work is now in rapid progress & 
the Church may be completed for service in all May. A 
Bell is presented by M"" Allaire a Founder, to the Church, 
a handsome acquisition. 

Monday [April] 4*''. A N. E. drizzly raw day. Dear 
Mother improving. Yest^' Easter Sunday was a beauti- 
ful spring day the streets thronged with people going 
to Church. Altho' a day of rejoicing for the resurrec- 
tion of our Redeemer, my individual feelings were very 
much exercised & depressed as I knelt at the Altar to 
receive the Sacrament for the last time in my old French 
Church. ... I can never forget early impressions nor 
the simplicity of the worshippers in my almost infan- 
tile days. This day I shall attend at 12, the election 
of our Vestry. I have consented to act if chosen as Ch. 
Warden for the ensuing year. . . . 

Tuesd^ [April] 5*\ A right March blustering day 
after hard rain last night. Dear mother convales[c]ing 
but exceedingly weak & emaciated, so I think than in 
any former attack, & her spirits are out of tone. Yest-^' 
I was together with the last Vestry re-elected for the 
current year. On a conviction that I may be useful I 
almost reluctantly consented to serve. Deference is 
paid to my opinions & respect thank God, to my age. 
This day there is to be a contested election in S* Thomas' 
Church, where an almost entire new vestry is to be run, 
adverse to the present Rector, M' Upfold. Sh*^ it suc- 
ceed it will be a sure manifestation of having lost the 
affections of his congregation & of course his utility & 
must lead to a seperation. Your brother, prudently, 
declines interfering. For myself considering my connec- 
tion with S' Esprit, & having never voted in S* Thomas, 
it w'' be indelicate, if not worse, at my period, to fish in 
troubled waters. . . . With respect to M"" U. I never 


had but one opinion, he is a weak brother, & his cheif 
merit w'' introduced him into S' Thomas was being a 
sattelite of Bp. Hobart. As an avowed enemy of the 
A[merican] Bible S° perhaps my antipathy ag* him may 
be unduly excited. As I never brought him into the 
Church, God forbid that I sh*^ take a part in displacing 
him. Every thing is right, altho' at the time I tho't that 
the rejection of such a man as the Rev. M"" Eastburn 
was wrong, & those who at the time opposed him are 
now convinced of their error. M"" E. is infinitely better 
off. Rector of the Ascension, w^ by his zeal & merits, tho' 
unacknowledged by the late Bp. he is deservedly popu- 
lar, enjoys the hearts & affections of a devoted respec- 
table congregation. Before closing this I hope to give 
an account of the dedication of his Sunday School House 
next Friday, w" was to have taken place yest^, but post- 
poned on ace* of the unfavourable state of the weather. 
But I must stop. This is also election day for Directors 
of the Mut[ual] Ins[urance] Co. . . . 

Wedn^ [April] 6*V . . The election in S* Thomas 
yest^ resulted in favour of the old Vestry for w*' I am 
glad, as the opposition proceeded from every thing else 
than a Xt° spirit 

Thur'' [April 7] .... I have taken a very severe cold 
& shall have great difficulty to read my minutes at the 
Managers meeting of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] 
this aft.noon. All my colds are accompanied by great 
hoarseness. After passing over this duty I shall en- 
deavour to nurse myself a little. The Directors of the 
Mutual meet at 12 to elect, according to custom their 
president for the ensuing year. It is matter of form. 
M' Ireland a good man, & very kind to me will be re- 
elected. My old master Robert Lenox has been confined 
to his house with Erysipelas in his leg. Wealth will 
neither ensure health nor length of day. He has some 
good & is I have no doubt a sincere Xt'', but he like 
his countrymen is a bitter hater as I have experienced. 
God forgive him, in his day he has done me much 
harm. . . , 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 239 

Friday [April] 8'" . . . Yest^ the A. B. S. granted a 
donation of 20,000 Testaments to the Union Sunday 
School, for the supply of the Valley of the Missi[ssip]pi. 
These western wilds have come more into notice in con- 
sequence of the efforts making to establish Sunday 
Schools, than on any other occasion. . . . 

Saturday [April] Q*'' . . . I have been deputed to re- 
quest Col. Varick, President of the A[raerican] B[ible] 
S[ociety] to present the S" with his full length portrait, 
to correspond with D' Boudinots & Gov' Jays. An in- 
timacy of 40 years justified the overture, w*" he gra- 
ciously granted. It rained yest''. As no moment is like 
the present, notwithstanding that it blew almost a hur- 
ricane I called on the Colonel this morning to designate 
the artist. He named Ingham [sic], who had before 
painted two likenesses. He is a celebrated portrait 
painter. I had to walk back to Vesey St. & to request 
M"" I. to call on the Col. for orders, to prepare the canvas, 
w*' really almost exhausted me. On reaching the ofi&ce I 
was glad to rest, when I had promised Andrew to pre- 
pare an introduction to Cooper the Novelists anecdote -" 
respecting Gen. Washington for the Mirror, a copy of 
which when printed I will send to you. I had some re- 
search for facts & dates, & really it is surprizing what 
trouble a few short lines will give when one goes back 
50 years to recall them. We are so much given to am- 
plify & to throw into romance almost, the events of 
the rev^ war, as to be disgusting to those better ac- 
quainted with the incidents of that memorable struggle 
for the Independence of these U'' States. Truth re- 
quires no fiction to blazon the almost romantic scenes 
of that war. In my time I have taken some pains to 
correct such errors, with little thanks from their fanci- 
ful authors. . . . 

Wed'' 13^^ April, clear & cool. At the Seamens Sav- 
ing B^. . , . We sh" assuredly been very happy to have 

-0 An extract from a letter from J. Fennimore Cooper, dated Paris, 
2Sth of January, was printed in The New-York Mirror (April 16. 1831), 
VIII. 327. 


seen the young medical student "^ but after such devo- 
tion to his studies it was natural for him to visit what 
was to be seen in the truly Athens of America, Phil[a- 
delphija. This city is only the Pyrseum of Athens, but 
I predict that it will in process of time excell all others 
in the U. S. as well in Arts & Sciences as in commerce. 
Great cities with great wealth afford encouragement & 
patronage to Literature, & generally speaking, in the 
background, as we certainly are at present, greater 
patronage is given to Authors & bookmakers in N. Y. 
than either Boston or Phil[adelphi]a, & this pabulum 
is every thing for the support of Literature. Our con- 
templated University will in the course of a few years 
work wonders in rearing up a new generation whose 
superior education must change the present, in a de- 
gree, grovelling character of N Yorkers. I know full 
well the contempt with w*" we are regarded by our rival 
sisters B[oston] & P[hiladelphia] not a little owing to 
the jealousy of our vast superiority in commerce, w" 
from our geographical positions cannot be taken from 
us. . . . We are as yet scarcely in the grizzle of man- 
hood, nor shall we arrive to anything like maturity till 
the end of this century. . . . 

Y'" brother by exposure last Friday & getting wet took 
a cold w** affected his hearing. D"" Francis this morn^ 
drew some blood w" will I hope relieve him. He will 
soon be over head & ears in business for the new line of 
packets. The shipwrights are in such full employm* that 
the keels of only 3 can be immed^ laid. Cap* Price 
explored the Yards yest^. In consequence of the great 
demand for shipping, evidence of our increasing mercan- 
tile prosperity, each ship will probably cost more by 
5000 D""^ than last year, but the difference will be soon 
ballanced by the advanced rate of freights. I anticipate 
most favourable results to the concern, from 2 such 
active agents as y"" brother in N. Y. & M"" Foster in 
N[ew] 0[rleans] both business men & competent to 

21 His grandson, John Pintard Davidson. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 241 

discharge faithfully their duties. On the 28*" Sept. next 
Cap' Price is to sail in the first ship the others to fol- 
low at intervals of a fortnight. If every Comm"" can 
equal or approach Cap' Price, it will be a noble concern. 
Thur^' [April] 14'". Beautiful day. . . . Yest^ Sister 
attended in the City Hotel the ann[iversar]y meeting of 
the Orphan Assylum. The exhibition of the children 
was most interesting. She paid her own & mothers 
subs[cription]s $2 each with great satisfaction. The 
duties of the Seamans B" occurring at the same hour, 
12, prevented me the pleasure of complimenting the 
good ladies who interest themselves in this important 
institution. Among the children were 3 orphan daugh- 
ters of M' Duff formerly a wine merch' in this city. 
His wife was a daughter of D' Tillary a respectable 
physician of the best practice, who lived at the corner 
of BVay & Wall S' when C^ma lived in 72 BVay. She 
was a very pretty little woman, but unfortunately be- 
came, from her husbands misfortunes intemperate. 
They both died in early [life] leaving their 3 children 
a charge on the Assylum. It makes one shrink when we 
regard such instances & ask whose children may in proc- 
ess of time become subjects of the Assylum, to be bound 
out to service after the decease of parents, who spent 
their all in profuse extravagance, w" was literally the 
case with M"" Duff, who was one of poor Uncle Lewis' 
boon companions. . . . Yest^ dear mother, as a small 
tribute of gratitude to her heavenly Father for raising 
her from almost the bed of death, sent $25 to the Rev. 
M"" Bayard towards procuring Communion plate for S' 
Clements. Sister sent the like sum the day before. 
Mother also sent $20 extra towards the Communion 
Table. . . . The Rector is indefatigable in soliciting 
benefactions, & the Congregation is as yet hardly 
formed. What with plate, & hangings for the pulpit 
& desk, the burthen will fall heavy on a few. ... In 
your packet I put up the last Mirror containing a fa- 
vourite Eastern Tale, The Dean of Bajadoz, w^ Andrew 


with some difficulty procured. The short introd[uctio]n 
Senex will show what I once tho't of it. . . . 

Friday [April] 15^''. ... As every one concerned in 
the new line, is to build his own ship & provide the 
commander, y'' brother has agreed with Cap* Reed, a 
gentlemany man, who formerly commanded one of the 
Mississippi Steam Boats, well known & esteemed in 
N[ew] 0[rleans]. There is great difl&culty in making 
contracts for ships, nor will the line be completed as early 
as anticipated. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Kentucky 

New Yobk, Sat^ 16''' AprH, 1831 

. . . No decision as yet about y"" brothers new ship. 
M"" Eckford one of our principal builders launched yest^ 
a superb ship of 1000 Tons pierced for 24 Guns, a Flier, 
for Russia, it is said, & is laying the keel of a 74 for 
the same power. This shows the fame of our port for 
ship building. I asked y"" brother whether 2 of the pack- 
ets c*^ not be as well & much cheaper built in Phil". He 
observed no, that altho' timber materials & workman- 
ship were as good, yet the Phil" shipwrights had not the 
tact to model & finish ships equal to the N Yorkers. The 
case formerly was otherwise & a Phil" built ship bore 
the palm far away, but in consequence of the increased 
navigation of this port, the finest ships that float on the 
ocean are constructed here, as is admitted at Liverpool 
& Havre. The new line is to be built on the model of 
the Alabama a beautiful ship, but a little longer & more 
breadth of beam, w*" will make the ships about 600 Tons, 
equally buoyant & stowing more. . . . 

Tues^ [April] IQ**" ... I think much very much of 
you all & esp^ of our darling ^- & hope that by this date 
the Talma has arrived with the Baby things for her 

22 Mrs. John Harris Johnston (Eliza Ellen Davidson). 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 243 

amusement. Altho' a wide difference in quality, I hope 
that you may have preserved for her one of the little 
frock [s] w'' she once wore at Pinckneyville, as a remem- 
brancer of her childhood. All of my poor dear Mothers 
were sadly scattered. The revol^ war made sad havoc 
in this city of every family relic. I can recall the old 
family pictures & furniture, now no more, w" tho' far 
inferior to modern luxuries, one c"^ wish to have retained 
as household gods. Of plate even, I know not that I 
possess a single article that was once my dear mothers, 
& very few that have been preserved of my g'^fathers. 
The love of novelty plays a vengeance with old family 
plate, & the same in succession is to be the fate of the 
fashions of the present day. La! Mama, I would not 
keep such an antiquated Teapot, &c* on my table, and 
as to old Tankards, Mugs &c^ they are quite a bore, 
fashionable plated ware is much more tasty & splendid. 
But my child such things came from my dear parents. 
Oh, a fig for such things, I am tired of seeing them. 
Well dear, as you please, we will exchange them for 
something more modern. As it was in the beginning is 
now & ever shall be, & why mourn that our children 
sh'^ act the same foolish parts that we did. The pre- 
ceding is a short colloquy of real life. 

Thurs^ 2P' April. I had a very satisfactory conver- 
sation yest^ with D'' Francis respecting dear Mother. 
He says that tho' very weak her debility arises from 
agitated spirits & want of air & exercise. He recom- 
mends high seasoned food, to restore & stimulate her 
appetite, & that there is no appearance of danger. 
Francis is very candid, as a physician ought to be, the 
very opposite of the late Doctor Post, who was the most 
cold, heartless man I ever knew. Approached his pa- 
tient, felt the pulse, prescribed & retired without open- 
ing his lips nor satisfying the enquiries of an anxious 
family. Still his practice was very extensive among the 
wealthiest families, & he died rich. His whole stock of 
books w'^ not have filled a wheelbarrow. F[rancis] on 


the contrary has a very extensive professional Library, 
also every modern work of dis[tinc]tion & merit. He 
is frank & communicative, & considers it a religious 
duty to be candid with his patients & families. . . . 

Friday [April] 22". This day determines the doom 
of the two bloody pirates ^^ who are to be executed for 
their horrible murders on the ocean. An account of 
their confessions & execution will no doubt be published, 
of w** I will endeavour to send you a copy. The Rev. 
M"" Bayard visited Gibbs or Jefferies several times. He 
was to have had a last interview yest''. He found him 
penitent & resigned to his fate. May a gracious Judge 
be more merciful to him than he was to his fellow crea- 
tures. A more cold blooded murderer is scarcely to be 
found in the annals of piracy. 

Most exf tidings this day from Washington, the 
resignation of the whole of the Presidents Cabinet w" 
he has accepted. The important particulars are on the 
way to N[ew] 0[rleans] & will reach you long ere this. 
The convulsions of the old world seem to extend to the 
new. This event is unprecedented in the Hist^ of the 
U. S. It is said that Edw** Livingston will be app** Sec^ 
of State. He will make a more honest & confidential 
one than Van Beuren. . . . But certainly there was a 
period when statesmen were more upright than at pres- 
ent. America, indeed the world, will never see another 
Washington, nor with all his personal errors, a wiser or 
more honest statesman than Alex"" Hamilton. . . . 

Sat^ [April] 23**. ... In former, now long gone by 
days, it was the practice for all young ladies to copy the 
Family receipts, to serve when they became housekeep- 
ers, for generally the printed receipt books, such as M" 
Glass,-^ &C'' were so extravagant & troublesome, in their 

23 Accounts of Charles Gibbs and Thomas J. Wansley may be found 
in The New-York Observer, April 16, and 30, 1831; in the New-York 
Gazette for April 23, 1831, and other contemporary newspapers. The 
New- York Historical Society has four pamphlets of 1831 relating to the 
trial and execution of Charles Gibbs. 

24 Mrs. Hannah Glasse, The Art oj Cookery. 


prescriptions, as to be scarcely reducible to practice. 
therefore the old, long tried family receipts, were only 
to be relied on. . . . What an excellent cook Hannah 
was, brought up by the old Madame, & also g'^mas 
Silvey. . . . Yest^ at 12, the pirates expiated their crimes 
at Ellis' island, <fe their bodies were delivered to the 
surgeons who like vultures hovered round their 
prey. . . . 

Monday 25'*' April 

What concerns us more nearly is the resignation of 
the late cabinet. M"" Van Beurens letter is a complete 
mystification, almost unintelligible, Eatons is shorter & 
simpler, but neither give reasons for their conduct. The 
truth must be that they lost by their duplicity, esp^ 
V. B., the Presidents confidence, without which a cabinet 
cannot exist. E. Livingston will make a much more con- 
fidential sec^ & will no doubt support Gen Jacksons 
views to a reelection with cordiality. Of his talents 
there can be no doubt. Those of V. B. are great but he 
is a perfect intrigant, a complete Tallyrand. 

Thur^ [April] 28*'' ... As I have mentioned, I 
think, that thro' my persuasions Col. Varick is sitting for 
his whole length portrait, by Inman, to place in the 
Managers rooms of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety]. 
Being infirm on his feet, I attend him daily at 11. to 
Inmans, in Vesey S* above S* Pauls, a long walk from 
Pine S' in w*" he lives. We crossed over to the De- 
pository to decide on the Frame, w*" is to be nearly simi- 
lar to D'" Boudinots. . . . 

Sat^ 30 April. . . . (i/o p. 12). I have just ref^ at- 
tending Col. Varicks last sitting to Inman, 4 times, the 
likeness is faithful & admirable. M"" Inman is going to 
PhiP where he will finish the portrait in about 3 
mo [nth] s. He will eclipse Sully w'ho is not happy in 
his likenesses. He murdered D"" Boudinot. so that we 
were obliged to procure another portrait, of w'' you had 
an engraving, defaced but not replaced. . . . The Rev*^ 


M"" Bayard whose exertions are unremitted, proposes to 
have his Church, S^ Clements, consecrated next Thur^ 
5*" May. It will be a singular circumstance, that the 
foundation of that Church, was the last act of the kind 
by Bp. Hobart, & the consecration, the first act by his 
successor Bp. Onderdonck. I cannot speak too much 
in praise of the Rev*^ M"" Bayards zeal & preseverance, 
nor do too much to the utmost of my poor ability to aid 
him. He proposes to give a plain cold collation after 
the service to the Bishop & Clergy, & Sister has gen- 
erously promised to do what ever is in her power to 
assist. I shall go up this afternoon & help arrange the 
Bill of fare, & to relieve Cornelia by making some prepa- 
rations at home, such as an Alamode round w** our Cook 
prepares elegantly. We cannot do too much on this 
occasion. . . . 

Tues-^ 3"^ May. Mother quite bravely. A fine day, 
she may possibly take a walk or airing at noon. Yest'' 
your sister called on M""^ Hay. Her information respect- 
ing Sally is not as c"* be wished. M" H. says that she 
is an excellent Cook, neat & clean & has many good 
properties, but fond of liquor & when intoxicated is a 
dreadful creature with a most virulent tongue. If strictly 
governed she may be restrained or reclaimed when she 
may become a most useful servant. She is pleased to 
hear that she is with a family connection & desires to 
be remembered to her & expresses a hope that she may 
be deserving of her good lot. M''^ Hay says that she has 
several young slaves, I think Sallys children, of excellent 
dispositions, w** being her own, she must sell as she is 
obliged to break up housekeeping. The eldest a girl of 
14 years, an excellent Cook & many good properties. 
She c*^ wish to sell them altogether & reasonably, that 
they may live with or near each other. Is there any 
possibility that the lot w*^ suit Judge Johns[t]on, or of 
his making any arrangement to purchase them & safely 
transported to him. Coming from a respectable family, 
trained to decent habits they w*^ be an acquisition. She 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 247 

promised to send Sister a list, w*" if rec*^ before making 
up my packet tomorrow I will inclose. Col. Monroe 
is still with his daughter M""^ Gouverneur, but is in very 
delicate health, y Sister did not see him. . . . 

Wed^ 4*'' May 

I have been & shall be exceedingly engaged with the 
preliminary preparations for the Anni[versar]y of the 
A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety]. The past has been a 
very busy year, & thank God, thus far most prosperous. 
The Tract Society & Sunday School Union are equally 
so, & engaged in expediting their Boxes of Books by the 
Illinois, to go up the river for the [Mississippi] Valley 
effort. A very large, unusual, number of Boxes of Bibles 
& Test[aments] from the A. B. S. go by the same con- 
veyance. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Illinois 

N York, Wed^ 4*'^ May, 1831 

Thur^' 5*\ M[utual] Ins[urance] Office. Here I am 
instead of attending the consecration of S* Thomas' [sic 
for Clement's] Church as proposed ... I was obliged 
to call at the Collector's Office City Hall to pay assess- 
ments on M"" S. Bayards lots for paving, to prevent their 
being advertised for sale. Again on his business I waited 
on D' Milnor who had nominated M"" Bayard as a Vice 
Pres* of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] in place of 
the late Judge Kirkpatrick. D"" Milnor is confined by 
the gout & cannot attend the meeting of the Managers 
this p. m. & I must endeavour to find some other friend. 
M"" Frelinghuysen is also in nomination & it is very 
problematical whether M'' B. will be elected. These 
subjects clashed with my attendance at S^ Clements, 
w'' out of respect to the Rector, Sister & myself have 
provided all necessary refreshments, in abundance, with 
wine. The Vestrymen are all young men unacquainted 
with such arrangements. It was fortunate for Cornelia 


that she had friends that were, & disposed to relieve her 
from all anxiety on this head. William goes to wait. 
Mother, Sister & the boys rode up yest^ aft.noon. It 
is a beautiful Gothic Church on a small scale & very 
neatly fitted up within. A small Organ, full large en" 
for the size of the Church, w" was in S* Thomas' was 
fitting up & w'* be ready for this morning. An excellent 
young gent° M"" Walton, preparing for the ministry is 
volunteer Organist, full of zeal, ardour & enterprize, a 
man after my own heart. . . . 

Saf [May] 7*\ . . . Sister only, attended the con- 
secration of S* Clements. The day was not unfavour- 
able. A respectable congregation, & Bishop Onderdonck 
& 16 Epis' ministers. Every part of the Service & dis- 
course by the Bishop were solemn & impressive. The 
Choir of good ladies & Organ performed to a charm. 
The refreshments were ample & pleased Cornelia. I shall 
attend, weather permitting, opening the Church tomor- 
row. To give you an idea how I am pres[s]ed & what 
I can go thro' in an emergency I will just sketch my 
operations of yest''. Rose early, went to the Barbers 
V2 P- 6, to market at 7, ret*^ home to prayers & breakfast 
at 8, called i/o p. 8 at M"" George Rapeljes, by request 
of D"" Turner, to see whether, as possessor of a consid- 
erable parcel of land at Greenwich, he will not bestow 
a site for a Church, to be erected in that Quarter, w'" 
will enhance the value of his lots. Found him not 
within, the same this day. Reached the Depository at 
9, made out Resolutions referred to Committees. At 
office V- p. 10, arranged my minutes for Andrew to 
engross, who made out, neatly 4 certificates, 2 for M"" 
Bayard & M'" Frelinghuysen, elected Vice presidents for 
New Jersey, 2 for M"" Stuyvesant & D'" Willett elected 
Managers, trotted back to the Depository with the cer- 
tificates to be instantly forwarded by mail & to the new 
Managers. This is always my rule to prevent lapses. 
Came back to Wall S* to arrange business for the Anniv''. 
Called at 2 at the Depository to make out warrants for 
the work peoples wages. At 3 set off hom. On my way 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 249 

called on M"" Rapelye. Not in, the same this morn^. 
I must write to him a letter on the subject but w'^ pre- 
fer conversation to remove objections. He is rich in 
money as well as land & has no children. I doubt of 
success, but having put my hand to the plough will not 
look back. Dined at 4. Intending to go to S' Clements, 
but the air was raw & piercing so Mother dissuaded me. 
I was glad to take it, for my mind having been on the 
stretch all day, it required repose. ... I am interrupted 
by a call to do some duty for Washington College 
Con[necticu]t, Bp. Brownells. More anon. 

Monday [May] 9^". Altho' it rained in torrents 
yest^, a complete N E storm, & the wind a tempest, I 
beat up to S* Clements to attend the opening of this 
beautiful Church, for Divine service & to receive the 
Sacrament at the hands of its very efficient Rector the 
Rev. L. P. Bayard. The storm prevented anything like 
numbers, about 20 Communicants. However, it was 
gratifying to see the decency & propriety in everything 
about this church. Nothing splendid but everything 
neat. The desk pulpit & curtains in front of the Organ 
loft crimson silk damask & fringe, the drapery of the 
Communion Table very chaste & tasty, white satin with 
crimson Festoon. The sacramental plate, plain silver, 
ewer, 2 vases, 2 pattens, 4 plates cost $200, defrayed 
by subscription. 

Tues^ [May] 10*\ . . . The Steamboat in which 
Thomas [Servoss] came from Newburgh last night [was 
so crowded] that the passengers were obliged to sit up, 
or keep the deck. It was excessively cold for the season. 
The rain & hail squalls thro yest"" having cleared off 
at ev^ with a N. wester. Besides the good & pious who 
resort in throngs to attend our Anniv[ersarie]s, vast 
numbers of the gay, gambling world are attracted to 
witness the great race at Jamaica for a 110,000 purse, 
between a colt of Eclipse & a southern. Every thing 
on wheels & four legs have been engaged to go to the 
ground. A Horse race is certainly a beautiful sight, esp"" 


such coursers as will be started to day. My scruples are 
not so great as to make me condemn this only mode of 
improving the breed of that noble & useful animal, the 
Horse. Great pains are taken to restrict gambling & 
drinking on the grounds, but the black leg gentry & all 
sorts of pickpockets &c" will evade the strictest laws. 
. . . This p. m. we shall attend at the park to see the 
Sunday [School] Scholars. . . . 

Wed^ [May] IT'' . . . But here comes y' brother 
Yo p. 10, with a letter & a smile. "There is no end to 
your progeny in N[ew] 0[rleans]." "News about 
Eliza?" "No." "What then?" "Louise is helping her- 
self to a partner." ^^ 

The Judge & Rev. son is to dine with us. & then I have 
to attend the Funeral of M"" Jones, the son in law of M** 
J. Mason, who fell a victim to consumption, possessed of 
an ample fortune, beautiful wife & everything that c*^ 
render life happy. Sic transit. 

Friday [May] 13**". Our anniversary, IS^*", went off 
gloriously. The weather was most auspicious, as it has 
been all this week. Heaven smiles upon us. We never 
had so numerous an audience. The Middle Dutch 
Church in Nassau S* crowded to excess, pews aisles & 
Galleries. . . . 

Sat^ [May] U*"^ 

I believe that henceforward I shall write semimonthly 
by mail, w'' will be quicker than by the packets, & as 
they accumulate I will send y"" papers by them. Of the 
new line of packets 4 are contracted for. The o^^ not 
yet. Capt. Holmes who pretended to dislike the molds, 
has been, I understand to endeavour to contract for a 
new ship just like these. His concern has been most 
profitable this season, freights being so high. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Louisiana 

25 Louise Pintard Davidson married in June, 1831. Richard Bedon 
Screven, Lieutenant, U. S. Armv. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 251 

New York, Monday, 16^'' May, 1831 

Tuesd^ [May] 17'\ . . . The Rev. M^ Bayard just 
stepped in & informs me that he has rec'' a letter from 
his father announcing that his sister Caroline was safely 
put to bed on Sunday the 15^^ inst. with a daugh- 
ter.-*^ . . . 

Friday 20'" May. A letter inclosing a precious lock 
of hair, is just rec'* V^. p. 10 to relieve our solicitude for 
our beloved Darling, and to make us rejoice "that on 
Wed^' morn- 4^'' May, 40 minutes after 3 o'clock," a man 
child was born into this world at N. Orleans. ... I 
shall forthwith, as I return home call at the Depository 
& constitute my g' g'^son, John Pintard Johnston, son 
of the Honourable John Johnston of Alexandria, Lou- 
isiana, member for life, of the American Bible Society. 

[Addressed:] By Mail via Mobile 

New York, Sat^ 2P* May, 1831 

Monday 23"^. A delightful day. Dear Mother was 
to go to the Silver Smiths to bespeak the birth day gift 
for her g* grandson, also one for S* Louis, w*" to my 
mortification has been omitted. . . . 

Tuesday 24''' 

Yest'' being a very fine cool pleasant one, Mother & 
Sister went in search of & found cups to please them. 
Darlings will be inscribed, "A Birthday Gift, 4''' May 
1831, to John Pintard Johnston, by his g* g^mother, 
Eliza B. Pintard." The same with alteration of date & 
name to St. Louis P. Servoss. . . . 
[Addressed:] By Mail via Mobile 

26 Martha Bayard Dod, daughter of Albert Baldwin Dod and Caro- 
line S. (Bayard) Dod. Dodd and Burnet. Genealogies of the Male 
Descendants of Daniel Dod (Newark, N. J., 1864), p. 143. 


New York, Wed^ 25*'' May, 1831 

My last of 24*'' iiist. yest-'' was despatched by mail. 
. . . The Talma lingers altho several vessels have ar- 
rived from N[ew] 0[rleans] in short passages. By her 
I may possibly send this, on 1st June, or more probably 
by mail, to advise you of having put on board the little 
packet cont^ the certificate, Bible & g[rea]t g[ran]dma's 
presentation cup, w** is her choice & I think pretty. The 
engraving is neatly done. Long may my dear little 
namesake [John Pintard Johnston] live to look upon it 
as the gift of his g' g'hnama. If preserved, he will not 
need to go to the Family Bible to look for the date of 
his Birth. . . . Our country retreat is yet unsettled. 
Were it not for the younkers, Sister says that she w** 
remain in town, but in the extreme heat of July & 
August they will languish for want of country air & 
exercise. The difficulty of locating lies with Mother who 
requires more accommodation than can readily be found 
for both our families. Bath w*^ be preferable, nearly as 
cheap, more commodious & of easy access, but the mal 
air, w*" seems to infest this place after the middle of 
Aug* has proved so nearly fatal, twice, to Mother that 
she will not encounter it a third time. . . . Poor Thomas 
will be quite disappointed as he took much pains to 
hunt up a place at M" James Wiltzes near the 
river. . . . 

Thur'' [May] 26'" ... I came down to Wall S* as 
usual, my spirits exhilirated with the important news 
of the glorious victory of the Poles S*"" & 7^^ April over 
the Russians. Heaven smiles on a brave people fighting 
for their liberties against a ruthless barbarous despot. 
. . . The news by the last arrival from Liverpool, as 
will be published in y"" papers before this reaches you is 
most extr[a]o[r]d[inar]y, the defeat of the English min- 
istry in their plan of Reform, the determination of 
William 4*'' to support his ministers by dissolving the 
present Parliament & affording by a new election, the 
English nation of expressing its opinion for or against 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 253 

Reform. The Nobility, great Landholders & Ecclesi- 
astics, pertinaciously adhere to the existing abuses of 
rotten boroughs & partial representation. Whether the 
commonalty possess virtue & strength sufficient to give 
a decided majority to the ministers in a new parliament, 
will soon be seen. England is certainly in a very critical 
state. As to France all is distraction & new revolution 
more or entirely republican is not improbable. The 
continent of Europe is convulsed, & the overthrow of 
Despotism is at hand. . . . 

[Addressed:] Mail 

via Mobile 

New York, Friday, 27**^ May, 1831 

. . . Herewith you will receive copy of a note from 
M" Hay to y"" sister, sent yest^ containing the names of 
her 12 slaves which she wishes to sell. Young & old, 
their properties & characters appear to be favourable, & 
coming from Col. Monroe & M""^ Hays family, is a rec- 
ommendation that may be relied on. If within the view 
& power of Judge Johnston to make the purchase, 12 
slaves belonging to one family, some born & all accus- 
tomed to each other might probable be an acquisition. 
. . . Col. Monroe, I am sorry to say, is quite ill, & pos- 
sible near the term of his years. No doubt his em- 
barassed situation has broken his spirits. Political emi- 
nence, where a man, like Gen. Washington, does not 
enjoy an independent fortune, too commonly ends in 
destitution & leaves children in poverty. Witness Jef- 
ferson & Monroe & my friend De Witt Clinton, all rich 
in Fame but bankrupts in fortune. Our former Gov- 
ernor Geo[rge] Clinton, tho' very moderately compen- 
sated lived in frugal times, not avaritious, but very eco- 
nomical, by early investments in certificates & lands 
when both were very low, left a rich inheritance to his 
family. I have always been jealous that there was foul 


play with his Will, as he appeared to die intestate, as I 
think he w*^ have bequeathed something handsome to 
a nephew who sustained more than his name & fame. I 
repeatedly intimated my suspicions to M' Clinton, but 
he was always reserved on the subject, his usual mode, 
when he did not wish to commit himself by an impru- 
dent remark or censure. He took every remark most 
freely & friendly from me, altho' they were sometimes 
unpleasant, yet true predictions of the faithlesness & 
ingratitude of his politick friends. His looks acknowl- 
edged their justness, but he never or seldom replied. 
I have often told him, that with all our intimacy & 
general freedom of communication, were I [to] turn his 
bitterest Foe, I scarcely knew a single circumstance, 
with adherence to truth, that c*^ injure him, w'' was 
saying a great deal considering his general frankness & 
inclination to great freedom of speech. He was by no 
means taciturn, and in private life immaculate. In pub- 
lic he sacrificed his better judgment to please his party 
& failed. His Uncle, on occasion of a speech that re- 
flected on the Federalists, to please the violent demo- 
crats, "That the Federalists w*^ rather rule in Hell than 
serve in Heaven," told him De Witt you are mad. The 
expression did him no good with his party, & embittered 
the old Federalists against him till his dying day. I 
often lamented in his company when alone this impru- 
dent remark, to which he tacitly assented, but c*^ not 
reply. On one occasion looking at a very correct en- 
graving of him, in his best days, of w*" he gave me a 
copy still preserved, M" C. asked me how I liked it. I 
expressed my full approval. Is it not handsome? Yes 
Madam. Do you know what Book he has in his hand? 
No. Milton, his favourite author. The unexpected re- 
mark caused a burst of laughter & made him scratch 
his Head. The Quotation alluded to was from Milton. 
The above occured some years after his very imprudent 
application of it, w^ I often, in vain, endeavoured, to 
palliate. It shows his heart, was the retort. They did 
not know his heart. It was good. But his head, politi- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 255 

cally, was sometimes wrong. So true is the maxim, that 
the head of a political leader like the serpents, is im- 
pelled by the Tail. Take him all in all, he was mag- 
nanimous. Not the less I trust for his constant regard 
for his humble friend, for w'' also he was unjustly cen- 
sured, but never hurt my feelings by telling me so. I 
learnt the unwelcome fact from others, but thank God 
our intimacy & friendship lasted uninterruptedly till 
his death. He avowed his esteem for me, calling me 
his oldest & most disinterested friend, to his noble son 
Charles, only a short time before his sudden depar- 
ture. . . . 

Sat^ [May] 28*\ Talma not arrived. By her I shall 
send 2 Copies of this days Observer, one for Darling, in 
w*" she will see her first born's name announced ere it 
is a month old, an honour never conferred upon any 
[of] her family, on either side, before. My friend M"" 
Nitchie Gen^ Agent of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] 
thought that the fact of my being the first g'^father & 
g' g'^father that constituted his grand and g* g^'children, 
members for life of the A. B. S. deserved notice as an 
example for g^'fathers to go & do likewise. He accord- 
ingly, without my knowledge, sent the article to the 
Observer. I sh"^ have demurred had I been consulted, 
thro fear of being charged with vanity. As it is it will 
gratify me if a single g'^child shall, in imatation be made 
a member You will also receive the just pub- 
lished No. 40, of Monthly Extracts for May, containing 
some of the addresses delivered before the A. B. S. at 
the last Anniver^ which will delight. That of M^ Has- 
brouck is, in my opinion, the most elegant that has ever 
been delivered before our So[ciety]. Marney, this gen- 
tleman is a Lawyer, perhaps not much beyond 30 years, 
chaste in composition & animated in delivery, it made 
a most impressive effect on the Audience. Study as a 
model. Governor Vrooms of N Jersey, is also a very fine 
address & well delivered. He also is not far advanced 
in life & belonged to the Bar. 


Thurs^ 2^ June. Extreme heat. . . . M' Ab. Schenck 
of Mattawan died the 3P* after a long confinement of 
nearly 3 years. Your brother will endeavour to attend 
his funeral tomorrow afternoon. . . . 

Friday 3*^ . . . The Rev'* M^ Brigham our Sec' for 
Dom. Cor[respondence] was appointed yest^ to go to 
France, on the subject of exploring, to see what aid, if 
any, can be afforded by the A[merican] B[ible] S[o- 
ciety] for the diffusion of the Scriptures in that coun- 
try. . . . 

Sat'' 4*'' June. . . . Yest^ the Bayard family dined 
with us, all but Cornelia, who was not well but, with 
Susan, walked down in the ev^. The latter is a beautiful 
delicate girl very much like her Aunt Julia. Sister pro- 
vided an excellent matter of fact dinner, with plenty 
of peas & strawberries, & an ice cream to top off with. 
Caroline is very well & babe. M' Todd ^^ is of delicate 
health. His salary is $1000 a year k a snug comfortable 
house. It will probably be raised to 1200 next fall, w** 
with economy will support a young couple comfortably. 
July is well but delicate, much as when you saw her. 
Her children are passing thro' the whooping cough. She 
is Aunt Pattys idol. Lou, the Rev'' Rectors eldest son 
Lewis is with his g^parents, preparing for College. He 
is promising. The College looks up, 125 students this 
season. I hope that my Alma Mater has seen its lowest 
depression. She stands high in repute at present. Aunt 
Betsey is well, so is the Morven family. The Raritan & 
Delaware Canal goes on rapidly & will be completed 
next year, for sloop navigation. Cap' Stockton & his 
father in law -^ own a majority of shares & have the 
whole control. He is president of the concern, Salary 
$2500. M"" Thompson his brother in law has appoint- 
ment with $1500, w^ enables him to live comfortably in 
his handsome new house. Cap* S. who is principal Heir 
& proprietor of Morven, is making great improvements 

2" Sic for Dod— Albert Baldwin Dod. 

28 Robert Field Stockton's father-in-law was John Potter, and hia 
brother-in-law was John Renshaw Thomson. T. C. Stockton, The 
Stockton Family of New Jersey (1911), pp. 77, 111, 130. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 257 

about the place. His Mother & Sisters will probably 
occupy the mansion until her death. You know he 
built a very fine house as you turn down to M"" Bay- 
ards. He & his father have cleared $100,000 by the 
Canal speculation. . . . 

Monday 6*" June. More temperate slight showers & 
cloudy. Yest^' p. m. Mother Sister & Boudy took a 
coach for S* Clements in order after Church to pass 
another hour with Aunt Patty. The Rev. M"" Bayard 
will if he preaches as he did yest'' attract a respectable 
congregation. . . . William Bayard came to town yest^ 
on a visit to his family. He is successful in practice 
but a flaming Jacksonian. A very fine young man. 
Samuel is at Tifiin, in Ohio, I believe. Too much in 
the clouds for steady habits. A fine genius but er- 
ratic. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Talma 

N York, Tues^ ^"^ June, 1831. 12 o'clock 

Wed^ S'\ ...... . . ........ 

Yest^ p. m. I walked with y"" brother to the Ship Yards 
to see the progress of Cap* Prices ship. The Ribs are 
ready to be set up & finer timber never was collected 
for the purpose. The keel of y"" brother's ship is to be 
laid V^ July. In the meanwhile, the frame is preparing 
& it will rise rapidly. Cap* Reed is much pleased with 
Webb the shipwright & is persuaded that it will be the 
best ship of the line. I had supposed, from y"" brothers 
parsiminious habits, that he w^ have beaten down, & 
consequently slighted all the work. On the contrary he 
has selected the best mechanics, best materials & full 
prices to ensure the best ship. He makes himself inti- 
mately acquainted with all the parts. Each partner, for 
economy builds his own ship. They had better have 
paid y"" brother his moderate com [mission] to have con- 


tracted for & superintended the whole. Such is my esti- 
mation of his judgment & intelligence, & indefatigable 
attention to business. Y"" brothers is to be the December 
packet, in order that the construction may not be has- 
tened, & that the materials of the Hull sh*^ be well sea- 
soned & prepared. . . . 

Thur^ [June] 9*''. Another dreadful explosion of a 
steam boat [General] Jackson of Po[ugh]keepsie by 
which several lives were lost & wounded on the 7'". 
I declare it makes one tremble to think of embarking 
in these water conveyances. Mother hesitates about 
going to Saratoga. Sister is preparing to give Madame 
Touton & Sister a party. 

Friday [June] 10*". Your brother has called in & 
shown to me a letter of 29*" May from M' Foster to 
M' Palmer, mentioning that M""' F. & children were in 
their passage in the Bolivar that sailed on that day, & 
may be hourly expected. I shall wait on her to hear 
tidings about my dear N[ew] 0[rleans] family. M' F. 
expresses a wish that the ships sh'' all be of the first 
class & construction. . . . 

Tues'" [June] 14*" 

I said that I was interrupted about Savings B" busi- 
ness. The Funding Com^ of which I am one have just 
risen (12 o'clock) from a negoc[iatio]n for $200,000 
Ohio Six p"" c* w" is to be concluded tomorrow at this 
hour. You see on what a scale we operate. 

Wed^ 15*" June. . . . Our party are to leave town on 
Thurs^ the last of June & will barring accidents by flood 
& field reach Saratoga Friday p. m. They are to go in 
the 7 o'clock St[eam]boat & lodge at Albany, thereby 
avoiding at this hot season, the impure air & vapours 
of an overflowed stateroom, crammed with traveling 
families from the So[uth] & this city. ... A meeting 
takes place this ev^ to consider the subject of manual 
labour institutions. My deafness excludes me. . . . 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 259 

N York, Wed^ 15*'' June, 1831 

Friday 17*'', ... I have just put up y"" papers, the 
most interesting article is a violent discussion that took 
place in the Br[itish] & For[eign] Bible So[ciety] An- 
ni[versar]y to exclude those who deny the doctrine of 
the Trinity from membership w" was negatived by a 
large majority, but the same question was carried a 
week after in the Naval & Military B. S, nearly unani- 
mously. I abhor for myself all Tests, & regret this 
attempt at innovation. Man in his best estate is but a 
poor creature, & too often a persecuting one. The meet- 
ing at w" y"" brother was present on the manual labour 
plan of education, was intended to raise $3000 for the 
purpose of erecting Buildings at Whitesborough. for the 
express purpose of educating young men for the Pres- 
byterian ministry. Being exclusively sectarian the mat- 
ter sh*^ not have been brought before a promiscuous 
assembly. The plan is excellent & succeeds marvel- 
lously, & will I hope be followed. Education is the 
order of the day & improvements continually mak- 
ing. . . . 

Saf" [June] 18. The Kentucky & Alabama arrived 
yest''. I met M"" B. Robinson in the market who in- 
formed me of the safe return of Miss Duer with Miss 
Chew in the latter. . . . 

Monday [June] 20*''. ... It is very honourable to 
him [John Pintard Davidson] that although a student 
he has been elected surgeon of one of the militia regi- 
ments. . . . 

Last evening we attended a sermon by the Rev. M*" 
Hawks in favour of the Epis. Sund'' School, eloquent 
popular preacher. Church overflowing. Our S* Thomas 
never witnessed such a sight before. Colle[ctio]n $155, 
cheifly from the congreg[atio]n, the others came to hear 


& see the most splendid organ in this city, but not to 
contribute. . . . 

New York, Monday, 20*'' June, 1831 

Tuesday [June] 2V\ Sister called yest^ p. m. on 
M" Foster at her brothers D' Clintons in Varick S*. 
. . . She is to go out of town to her Fathers on L[ong] 
Island this aft.noon, so that I shall not have the satis- 
faction of conversing v/ith her about my dear N[ew] 
0[rleans] family. . . . 

Wed^ [June] 22**. And sensitive plant [Mary Da- 
vidson] is to [be] sent in y"" absence for cultivation in 
a convent. I hope that she will acquire the French 
lanquage & every other useful accomplishment the 
School affords. . . . Does Judge Workman still live? If 
so wait on him, Marsden with my compliments. . . . 
He will recollect J. Pintard who became acquainted 
with him thro' the late M' Cullen Carpenter. ... I 
thank y"" brother, my beloved daughter, for his intended 
compliment of calling his ship after me, of w*" I knew 
nothing till you hinted at it. I declined the favour with 
thanks, before his receiving a letter from M"" Foster, 
that the concerned w'^ name the ships after the great 
rivers of y"" western world, Missis[sip]pi, Yazoo &c'' w" 
I think is right, as it may secure freights from those 

Thur^ [June] 30*\ Our families left home at i/o p. 6 
& embarked in the steamboat at 7, to the great joy of 
the children. ... It was a sight to see our Caravan 
move off, 2 carriages containing 11 persons, a baggage 
cart with moveables, trunks, boxes &c. suflacient to settle 
a western colony. M' S[ervoss] expects to reach Albany 
at 6, take a steam boat & lodge at Troy, w'' will be 
6 miles on their way, where they can lodge more com- 
fortably, charter a stage, & set off for M*" Putnams 24 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 261 

miles, after an early breakfast, where they may arrive 
about 10, take possession of their chambers & repose a 
little before dinner. . . . 

N York, Friday, V July, 1831 

Monday, July 4. 55 An[niversarjy of Am. Independ- 
ence. A beautiful day. All alone. Thomas [Servoss] 
has gone to see his Aunts & the parades. William has 
set off with a traveling Booth, a Wheelbarrow & basket 
of cakes & a 10 Gal. Keg of beer of his own making, 
outfit 50 cents, to make a few Cents out of the multitude 
that throng the streets. The Cook to see her friends. 
M""^ King our green grocer & 2 little boys, Boudys infant 
schoolmates, occupy the front room to view the civic 
procession that is to pass thro' Broome S*. . . . Yest'' 
Sunday I attended all alone the communion in S' 
Thomas, a solemn duty as you justly observe. May 
the commemoration always be sanctified to me & mine. 
It was the more solemn as possibly it will be the last at 
the hands of the Rev. M' Upfold, who from whatever 
cause is obliged to resign the Rectorship, having com- 
pletely dissatisfied the congregation & the whole vestry. 
He stipulates for $2500, & to retire the V Aug. This 
sum is to be raised by subscription. Altho' I was op- 
posed to his election w*" was carried solely thro' the 
influence of Bp. Hobart for his High Churchism & 
oppugn" to the Am. Bible S° Still I will pay my quota, & 
I sincerely sympathize with his family. Altho a weak 
man & quite giddy with his elevation to one of the first 
churches in the city, no ways popular with his people, 
I alway behaved friendly towards him. . . . 

Tuesday [July] 5'\ Col. Monroe died yest^ 3 p. m. 
. . . We have had a large Fire last night in the N W part 
of the city. As I sat musing all alone last ev*^ I re- 
flected how providentially this city had been favored on 
our Ann [iversaries] No Fires, to my recollection having 


ever occurred on the 4*" July. This morn^ at 6 y"" brother 
arrived home. The party reached Troy at 9 Thur^ ev^ 
& found a nice quiet Hotel. They left that place after 
breakfast. The roads were execrable owing to a heavy 
rain on Thur*'. They did not reach Saratoga till 5, din- 
ing on the road, distance 30 miles. Mother excessively 
fatigued & complains of violent pain in the back. Small 
uncomfortable chamber, 17 children, a dozen parsons, 
for their health at cheap quarters, & of course very 
plain living. . . . 

Wed^ [July] 6*V . . The funeral obsequies of Col. 
Monroe are to take place tomorrow 4 p. m. with every 
municipal, civil & military honours at the expense of the 

Thurs^ [July] 7'". Unfortunately the day is showery 
& very close. Your brother forwards a paper with the 
funeral arrangm*^ w^ are as extensive & honourable as 
ever took place in this city. . . . Your brother & myself 
are invited as relations & shall attend accordingly. . . . 

N York, Sat^ 9"^ July, 1831 

. . . My last was on the 7*^ by mail, advising the 
death of Col. Monroe on the 4*'' a remarkable coinci- 
dence with Adams & Jefferson. The funeral took place 
on the aft.noon of the 7**' by far by the largest & most 
solemn of any that ever was witnessed in this city. 
Yest'' I forwarded a paper containing the particulars. 
It is estimated that not less than 50,000 people includ- 
ing spectators were in the streets. The procession 
reached from S* Pauls, proceeding up B'^way to Bleecker 
S* thence to the Bowery & to the Marble Cemetery in 2*^ 
St. a distance between 2 & 3 miles. The head reached 
the cemetery before the line closed at S* Pauls. All the 
shops were closed, every door & window full, & the roofs 
of the public hotels &c'' crowded with spectators. The 
side walks & about 1/3 of the streets were lined & such 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 263 

was the profound silence on the occasion, together with 
the firing of 73 minute guns at the Battery, the knell 
of mufEed Bells, & funeral dirges by various bands, the 
effect was more solemn & impressive than is in my power 
to describe. I walked with y"" brother among the rela- 
tions following the plumed Hearse w*" afforded an im- 
posing spectacle to the multitude. 3 rounds by the ar- 
tillery were fired at the cemetery & 3 vollies by the 
Infantry. On the whole, the most marked respect has 
been paid by this city to the memory of Col. James 
Monroe. His administration was honourable & peace- 
ful & his departure glorious. Requiescat in pace. 

Wed'' 12*'^ [sic for 13"^ July] Seamens Savings Bank. 
Clear & Cool. My Turtle Doves marriage to Lt. R. B. 
Screven in the U. S. service, at N[ew] 0[rleans] is 
announced in the Gazette of this raorn*^ from whence 
I have transf^ it to the Daily Advertiser of tomorrow, 
for the benefit of my readers. As the charming Bride 
is called Louisa Pintard Davidson, I have already rec"^ 
the congratulations of some of them. . . . 

N York, Friday 15*^ July, 1831 

Having just despatched my letter of this date with 
the 2 n[ews] papers according to custom I begin a new 
one, in the Seamens Savings Bank, where business is so 
dull, that I am glad to write out my hour to prevent 
drowsiness. But I shall have ample occupation in the 
Chamber S' S[avings] Bank, this being Lady day, & 
our paym* of interest commences. Owing to the diffi- 
culty of investing to advantage, we have been obliged 
to give notice that from the P* inst. to 3P* Dec. next, 
that an Interest at the rate of 5 p' c* per an. will be p** 
to Depositors on all sums below $500 & only 4 p"" c* on 
all deposits exceeding that sum, thus giving 6 mo [nth] s 
notice that large Depositors may close their ace'' if they 
please, w*" will relieve us. Yesf aft. noon I walked 


with y^ brother to the Ship Yards to see his ship, w" is 
decide [d]ly superior in mould & construction to that of 
Cap* Prices, w'' is also a very fine handsome ship, but 
sharper & of less capacity by 100 bales or more, & M' 
Webb the builder says tha[t] she will outsail them all, 
tho' Cap' Price is noted for carrying a press of sail & 
making quick passage. Naval Architecture is a delight- 
ful subject of w*" I was in early life so partial that of 
choice I w'' have been a ship carpenter, but we were 
at the end of the Rev^ War at the very lowest point of 
depression in this city. A stout good Brig, a few very 
few London ships excepted, was for many years the class 
of vessels built, & navigating from this port principally 
to the W. Indies. I was concerned in several with poor 
generous Marsden in the Madeira trade. . . . 

New York, Wed^ 20*'' July, 1831 

Thur^ 2V\ There is no end to Books, & I dare not 
trust myself in a Booksellers store. Providing the 15*^ 
An. Report of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] I 
stepped into [blank in MS.] store where I got the Chap 
books for my dear g'^children, to procure Lockharts ele- 
gant life of Robert Burns, w'' led to Burns poetical 
works. ... I rec*^ on Tues^ ev^ from my old friend 
Tho^ Swords Printer, a presentation copy of the Por- 
traiture of a Xt° Gent" [by William Roberts] with w" 
I am so delighted that I stopped this morn^ & purchased 
a copy each for my two sons & g'^sons, which I hope they 
& their dear partners will read with improvement. They 
will find nothing incompatible in the duties of our holy 
religion with the rational enjoyments of genteel life. 
Also, the 2^ & 3*^ Vols, of the Standard W^orks of the 
Episcopal Church, the P* sent more than a year past. 
The 3*^ Vol. is the Apology of the Church of Eng'^ (fee" by 
Bp. Jewell, an invaluable defence of the principles of 
the Reformation ag* the Ch. of Rome. . . . The notes 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 265 

are copious & learned & do great credit to the Editor, 
the Rev. M"" Whittingham an Eleve [of] our Epis. Sem'', 
recently elected Rector of S' Lukes Church. Also for 
y'self, Nelson on Devotion, a truly useful manual. I 
bought a copy for Mother also. The last days of Heber 
that truly Evangelical Bishop & Miss^. Last Calverton 
[sic for Claverston] or the Infidels visit, by a Lady, w^ 
may afford instruction to young unsettled minds. . . . 
Amid these lucubrations the auditing committee have 
been at my table, examining the acc'^ of the Treas"" of 
the Savings Bank, & the evidences of our Capital. Cer- 
tificates of various State Stocks am' at par within a few 
Dollars of 2 millions & a half. . . . 

I have swelled my parcel of Books & pamphlets with 
adding for a common stock book as Turtle Dove calls 
it. Holmes' Annals of America, with me a constant com- 
monplace. . . . It is a delectable instructive work. . . . 

N York, Sat^ 23'^ July, 1831 

Thur^ [July] 28'\ . . . This morn^ at 6 y^ brother 
left me. . . . He will stop at Mattawan to see Thomas & 
recross to Newburgh to take the night St[eam] boat 
arrive tomorrow in time for the early stage for Saratoga 
& join our family at noon. There is a fine water power 
for sale at Fishkill, nearer the landing than Mattawan, 
w** M"" Leonard wishes M"" S[ervoss] to purchase for 
Thomas. He will look at it. 

Thurs'' [sic for Friday, July] 29'\ . . . The Observer 
of this day w*" I have just dispatched to the post office 
contains a beautiful letter from M" [John H.] Hill 
wife of the Rev. M' H. Episcopal Miss[ionar]y to 
Greece. It w*^ do credit to the daughter of Leigh Rich- 
mond, whose letter on her fathers death is an honour to 
her sex. M" Leigh died sometime last winter. M" Hill 
is a daughter of John Mulligan Esq. son of my Rev[olu- 


tionarjy friend Hercules Mulligan, dead & gone. She 
is a small very pretty interesting woman & embued with 
a true zealous Miss^ spirit. They once proposed going 
to the Sandwich islands but altered their destination. I 
do not anticipate great results from this mission to 
Greece, where the Greek religion grosser than Rom. 
Catholic will be inculcated & pictures of saints intro- 
duced in the schools, w'' must tend to the abandonment 
by Protestants. The Greeks after all are a benighted, 
miserable people. Providence in fit time, will reform 
them. . . . 

Saturday [July] 30'\ . . . My spirits are much de- 
pressed this morn'-' at the probable death of Col. Varick, 
Pres* of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] with whom 
I have been long most intimate. He is near 80, has 
been to M' Vernon last of May, next on a short ex- 
cursion to Newport Rh. Island, ret*^ the week past & 
when I saw him, congratulated him on his appearance of 
renovated health & strength. His illness very short, this 
the 3*^ day & supposed that he cannot outlive it. . . . 

Monday P* Aug^ Col. Varick died on Sat^ night, at 
his country seat, Powlas Hook, the instant that the Hall 
clock struck 12, in the 79'" year of his age. I was long 
& intimately associated with him, when Mayor of our 
city corporation & as presid* of the A. B. S. & had prom- 
ised not to resign my station as Rec[ordin]g Sec^ as 
long as he remained in oflBce. ... I must close, to con- 
clude my letter to dear mother, & to attend a meeting 
of the ofiicers of the A. B. S. at 12 o'clock. I am also 
called upon to give what I can recollect of Col. Varick, 
for an Obituary, of w*" I also will send a copy. . . . 

New York, Tues^ 2*^ August, 1831 

.... I wrote yest^ of the death of my long & inti- 
mate friend Col. Varick, late president of the A[meri- 
can] B[ible] S[ociety]. His funeral is to take place this 
afternoon. It will be, I think, too pompous, but his es- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 267 

late is well able to afford the expense. He leaves many 
heirs, but no children. I am invited as a pall bearer, & 
shall attend with a sorrowful heart. You may reason- 
ably [believe] that I am much affected by the unex- 
pected departure of Col. V. Society will lose in him a 
liberal benefactor, & myself a warm friend. It is said 
that of the N York state branch of the Cincinnati, only 
twelve original members remain. The Colonel as Pres* 
gave an annual supper every Oct" or Nov*" to the Stand- 
ing Com*" to audit the Treasurers accounts of disburse- 
ments to the widows & families of their needy departed 
brethren. By invitation I attended sometimes, until 
my heart quailed as I heard the Roll called over by the 
Secretary of the names of every member, & the awful 
response of, dead, dead, to almost the whole catalogue, 
with most of whom I was personally acquainted. They 
will all shortly become extinct, being past three s[c]ore 
& ten. At every annual meeting their number rapidly 
decreases. Col. Piatt last year, Col. V[arick] this, and 
for whom the standard of the Society, veiled in black, 
will next be borne before the coffin, God only 
knows. . . . 

Thurs-"" [August] 4'*". I devoted yest'' to writing to 
dear mother the particulars of Col. Varicks funeral, w** 
I need not repeat, as you are so far off & are so little 
interested, generally. The pall bearers were CoP Fish, 
Ogden, Trumbull, surviving brother soldiers, Chancellor 
Kent, V[ice] P[residen]ts of A[merican] B[ible] S[o- 
ciety] Woolsey & P. A. Jay, IVP Catlin & J. Pintard, who 
attended with the clergy & relations at the CoP late resi- 
dence, Powlas Hook, from whence we moved in proces- 
sion precisely at 4, crossed the Ferry where we [were] 
rec*^ by a military corps, thro' whose files with reversed 
arms we passed the Band performing a funeral dirge. 
The Corps led the van & proceeded circuitously thro 
Maiden lane & Wm Street to the Presby[teria]n Ch. in 
Cedar St. A Psalm, prayer by the Rev. D^ DeWitt & 
Eulogy by the Rev. D"" Mason pastor of the Church. 


Singular to say, he never adverted to the deceased being 
Presid* of the A. B. S. the brightest feature in his char- 
acter. We arrived at the Church precisely at 5, the hour 
designated. Service lasted an hour. The procession was 
again resumed, & we walked to the tune of the dead 
march to Chamber S* where carriages, to my great re- 
lief, were in waiting to accommodate the Ministers, Pall 
bearers, relations, Cincinnati, A. B. S., Corporation, 
Trustees of Columbia College, Judges Lawyers &c. It 
took up an hour & a half to move from the Church to the 
Marble Cemetery, where the Coffin was reposited in 
the receiving house, to be removed to Hackensack, the 
Colonels birth place, & from whence it was conveyed at 
daybreak this morn°. 3 vollies were discharged, but as 
I told the Rev. M"" Noble, formerly of Middletown who 
stood near me, that the Cadets w" have been disgraced 
to have fired so badly. I left home at 2 & did not get 
back until the Clock struck 8, so that I had been 6 hours 
on fatigue w*" it literally was. The day was close, 
showery & excessively hot. Bound to my post I suffered 
m.uch more than at Col. Monroes funeral, when I cast 
off when I reached Broome St. 100 scarves & pairs of 
black silk gloves were given, & 100 Coaches provided on 
the occasion. So much for the obsequies of my departed 
friend. The Managers of the A. B. S. meet this after- 
noon. We shall have a solemn meeting, esp^ myself. 

M'' Servoss ret*' home yest'' morn^ at 5. He found 
& left all well. Dear Mother wonderfully improved by 
the use of the waters. While I was writing to her, M"" S. 
stepped in, & as he handed to me a letter from the Doc- 
tor of 17*" July, he observed, "Wonders will never cease. 
Your Turtle Dove & mate ^® are on their passage from 
N[ew] 0[rleans] for this city in the DeWitt Clinton. 
I confess as dear Louise used to say, my heart palpi- 
tated. . . . 

Friday [August] 5*^ No De Witt Clinton. No 
Turtle dove & mate. Your brother who has made sev- 
eral passages at this season of the year says that 21 days 

-9 Lieutenant and Mrs. Richard Bedon Screven (Jr.). 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 i2t>» 

are a good passage, in w** case we may look for the 
arrival of the D. C. tomorrow or Sunday. Your brother 
proposes to accompany me to Staten island. As no sick- 
ness prevailed at N, O. the passengers will be quaran- 
tined only 2 days as you were. Your brother thinks 
that if it accords with the Lieuts views, it will be best 
to despatch them imm*" in the aft. noon steam boat for 
Albany, so as to reach Saratoga next day at 3 p. m. But 
I am thinking that M' Screven will think it best, instead 
of writing to go to Washington & see the Sec^ of War. 
A personal interview may accomplish the wished for 
transfer to the Engineer department instantly, w'' if 
successful will be so happy for all parties. . . . 

Last aft. noon the JVIanagers passed a very neat & ap- 
propriate tribute of respect to the memory of our late 
munificent president [Varick] a copy of which Andrew 
is engrossing to be sent to his Widow. . . . 

New York, Friday 5^^ August, 1831 

Tues^ [August] 9'". . . . M' Taylor, pres. of y' new 
B[an]k has arrived. Y' brother saw him yest^. He 
mentions that some lots in w" he was concerned with 
the late Judge Smith have been advantageously sold & 
will yield a profit to his estate. I am glad for his fam- 
ily, also for the Doctor, who I suppose must have a large 
bill ag* the estate. 

W^ed-^" [August] 10'^ ... A letter of the S'"" just rec"* 
from dear mother says that Congress Hall & the House 
where our family, overflow. 300 persons sat down to 
dinner at C. H. on Sunday 7^^. ... I learn from Cap* 
Holmes that passengers are not quarantined, so that 
our runagate will come up to the city direct & save me 
the trouble of going down. . . . 

Thur^ [August] 11. Long looked for come at last. 
The DeWitt Clinton arrived yest-"" with among others. 


L' Screven, lady & serv\ Your brother has gone to 
hunt them up. The term Ladys Board^ H" in B'^way 
is so indefinite that I fear it may cost him some 
trouble. . . . 

12 o'clock, 11*" Aug*. My sweet Turtle dove sent a 
note to the oflfice, with her uncle. I called to see her. 
She looks very well indeed, not at all sea sick, altho 
some part of the passage was boisterous. . . . 

New York, Sat-^ 13*" Aug*, 1831 

. . . After dinner on Friday the military Chieftain 
& lady came up to Broome S* where their uncle insisted 
that they sh** take up their quarters during their stay & 
kindly accomodated them with his room. ... I had 
written a note to Miss Chew & Miss Smith apprizing 
them of their young friends arrival. They came to early 
tea & it was gratifying to witness the tender aff* meeting 
of the young friends, tho I retreated not to restrain their 
feelings & enquiries. After 9, they went under the escort 
of the Lieut, to Niblos Garden, to attend the young 
ladies home to their Aunts ^^ in Houston S*. These 
young friends are inseperable. Yesf Miss Smith dined 
with us. Miss Chew ret'' home to make preparations 
for a tea party kindly given by her aunt M. Robinson 
to the Bride & a hop in the ev^, the company all cousins 
& young & of course the utmost freedom of enjoy- 
ment. . . . 

Tues'' [August] 16. Extreme heat. ... I took 
home with me the D[octo]rs letter of 30*" Ult° & Pin- 
tards of 20*" by the Tenessee & inclosed for his new 
brother, who with Turtle [dove] were out. She however 
returned at 12, with her friend Miss Williamson, whose 
g'^mother, wife ^^ of my college mate Col. A. Ogden was 

30 Mrs. Morris Robinson (nee Duer). See Elizabeth Clarkson Jay's 
"The Descendants of James Alexander," in A'^. Y. Genealogical and 
Biographical Record (1881), XII, pp. 19 ff. 

31 Mrs. Aaron Ogden (Elizabeth Chetwood) and John Pintard were 
both descended from Louis Carre. W. 0. Wheeler The Ogden Family 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 271 

my 2" cousin. So that these young friends have formed 
a link of relationship between them. . . . JM' S[creven] 
most frankly disclosed his fathers situation circum- 
stances & prospects, that in 2 or 3 years to be devoted 
to the army, he will be able to relieve his estate from 
debt & to give one of his cotton plantations with a 
stock of slaves to begin with. His father "■- is a consult- 
ing physician & sent for in all important cases, conse- 
quently adequate to his support. He has placed my 
Turtle Dove at the head of his Fathers table & installed 
her mistress of the Family, during his life, whom he 
represents as a most hospitable man abounding in every 
good that this world affords. . . . Senator Johnston & 
lady are arrived at the City Hotel. Yest^ he called at 
the store & told M' S[ervoss] that M""^ J. w^as indis- 
posed. M"" & M" Screven will call on them this 
p. m. . . . 

Wed"" [August] 17*''. By the Louisiana I sent Bos- 
wells life of Johnson, S' Walter Scotts Scotland, 2 V^, 
Mcintosh's Eng** 2. Grattans Netherlands 1, Outlines 
of History ^^ 1. These works are in progres & will form 
an elegant epitome of Hist[ory]. Family Library, v. 23, 
Hist, of Ancient & Modern Egypt, ^■^ Southeys Wesley, 
Extracts &c. I envy y'' boys the luxury of reading Bos- 
well & Southey. I have also been making up a small 
military Library for my Turtle Dove, to have some- 
thing of her own w^hen she arrives at her quarters, viz* 
Universal Receipt Book, Lady of the IManor 7 vols, 
Leigh Richmonds life, Annals of the Poor, The Ladys 
Book, an annual, Port* Xt" Gent", Nelsons Devotions, 
Prayer Book, Bible Dict^, Walkers Pocket Dict^ These 
will furnish instruction & afford good Sunday read- 
ing. . . . 

in America (1907), p. 135; J. J. Boudinot, The Life of Elias Boudirwt 
(1896) II, 391. 

32 Dr. Richard Bedon Screven. J. B. Heyward, The Genealogy of 
the Pendarvis-Bedon Families of South Carolina (1905). 

33 By Thomas Keightley. This work and the other three histories 
named wore included in Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia. 

3* Michael Russell's View of Ancient and Modem Egypt, no. 23 in 
the Family Library, published by J. & J. Harper. 


Thur^ [August] IS**^ ... I forgot to say, I think, 
that Senator Johnston called for a few minutes on Tues^ 
ev^ at our house, not with his lady of course. He went 
up to Saratoga yest^' & I wrote a short line to mother 
w*" he will send. Possibly he may call on our folks. He 
promises an interview at his return. On Sat'' the cere- 
mony of commencing a railroad from Saratoga to 
Schen[ec]tady is to take place, w^ will draw out, weather 
permitting the numerous company at the Springs when 
Mother & Sister may meet M" Johnston without 
formality. . . . 

New York, Monday 22^ Aug\ 1831 
excessive heat 

Tues^ 23** . . . His lofty son L' Screven wrote a 
short line to him [Dr. Davidson] yest^ conveying the 
happy tidings that his exchange to Baton Rouge was 
effected. . . . M"" Screven will take passage back in the 
DeWitt Clinton, for himself lady & maid to sail next 
Sat-^ 2r\ 

Wed^ [August] 24*''. . . . Our Turtle Dove has gone 
to spend this fine day with her new aunt M" Hazard, 
& if they take a ride to Coney island the weather is 
clear & cool. The difference is 10 degrees between N. 
Utrecht Bath & this city. . . . Louise saw Miss Smith 
yest^ morn" who with her cousin Chew &c'* are to go 
to Lebanon Springs tomorrow. . . , 

Friday [August] 26'\ . . . M"" S[ervoss] concurs 
with me that Pintard had better come in the Alabama 
P* Ocf the finest packet in the lines & the model of 
the new packets. His uncle store will be N° 67 South 
Street, 3 or 4 east of Cap* Holmes, counting room up- 
stairs, where M"" S. remove next week. . . . 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 273 

1/2 p. 11. Just returned from taking leave of ray 
Turtle Dove converted into a Flying Fish 

New York, Friday [sic for Saturday] 27*'" Aug', 1831 

Tues^' 30'" ... I have just concluded my last letter 
to dear mother at the Springs. We may look for all our 
emigrants home next Sat^' p. m. ... I am delighted 
with my beloved daughters description of the Pine 
Groves & the accommodations of the Lady of the Manor 
[Mrs. Johnston]. I know full well what a Log House 
is. Some of those early settlers still remained during 
the Rev^ war in the upper parts of Morris C" N. Jersey, 
which gave place to others very neatly hewed & squared, 
with all the conveniences of Rustic dwellings. Our 
Armies were hutted in winter quarters in log huts. . . . 

Wed^ [August] 3P'. delightful day. . . . Yest^ I 
called upon Michael Hogan Esq. our Consul at Peru, 
who with his lady has returned from that distant station 
after an absence of 9 years. He looks as well as M" H., 
very well, altho debilitated by the gout. Y' uncle Mars- 
den introduced me to his acquaintance when M"" H. was 
very rich, but unfortunate speculations dissipated his 
wealth. He was very friendly to me, but not in a pe- 
cuniary way, a frank, generous Irishman. I respect & 
esteem him. We were both mutually happy to greet 
each other in the land of the living. He was amazed 
when I told him that I was in my 73*^ year to see me 
look so well & walk so alert. . . . 

Friday 2"* Sep'. This morn" y'' brother left us to 
meet our family this p. m. at Albany, to return once 
more to Broome S'. . . . The first packet. Cap' Prices is 
to be launched tomorrow 7 A. M. Had y'' brother been 
in town I might have gone but fear of accident & not to 
cause distrust to dear mother I shall not go, but reserve 
myself for y*^ brothers ship, the Natchez, to be launched 


in Ocf sail in Novem'. Price's ship is to be called the 
Scioto ^^ to sail 28'^ inst. . . . 

New York, Friday 2'' Sept^ 1831 

Sat^ S'^. Turtle Dove may have shown dear Mother 
her little military Library w*" was selected under the 
impression of her going to Maine, where there is neither 
Church nor Chaplain, & where the Sabbath is passed 
in military parades in the morning & revelling the rest 
of the day, an awful exposure to a young inexperienced 
female mind, the disadvantages of which appeared not 
to be perceptible to her gay companion. Of the female 
Society with w" she was to associate was a M" Dear- 
born, ^^ a highly accomplished Boston Unitarian Lady, 
not a little vain of her colloquial powers & talent for 
disputation. Elated no doubt of her easy victory over 
juvenile officers who never give a sober serious attention 
to religion, incapable of giving a reason for their Faith, 
& like this flippant lady disposed to get rid of the Devil 
on easy terms & willing to go to Heaven on a velvet 
cushion. Thank God our dear unsuspicious, guileless 
child, is rescured from the syren charms of this Se- 
ducer. Unitarians make great use of these modern 
Eves to entice silly listeners into their toils, who have 
a great advantage by preaching only to such as are in- 
capable of a reply. It was for the purpose of affording 
my Turtle Dove better instruction that I furnished her 
with such excellent works as might induce her Chieftain 
to read aloud for his own as well as her improvement 
on Sundays, & w*" he promised on his honour to 
do. . . . 

Monday [September] 5^^ i/^ p. 12. Occupied with 
my A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] duties I have but just 

35 Actually named Louisville. 

3<5 Perhaps Mrs. Pamela A. S. (Gilman) Dearborn, wife of Captain 
Greenleaf Dearborn. U. S. A. (See The New-England Hist, and Gen. 
Register (1880), XXXIV, 346.) 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1831 275 

time to say that our family all ret[urne]d in health, on 
Sat^ ev^ at 10 o'clock, particulars to morrow. 

Tues^ [September] 6'^ On my way down I learned 
that Doctor Sam' L. Mitchill is on his death bed. With 
him I have once been intimately associated in the cause 
of science & literature, & think it my duty to promote 
due respect to his memory. To avoid repetition the 
following is the copy of a note w^ I have just traced to 
D"" Francis on the subject. 

"Dear F. I am informed by Sylvanus Miller Esq-- that D-- Samuel L. 
Mitchill lies at the point of death, so low, that he will not in all 
probability survive this week. The faculties of mind & body totally 
prostrated. As D"- M. in the early & more advanced stages of his life 
was distinguished as a physician, statesman and philosopher and 
rendered important services to his country by the promotion of science 
& literature, I take the liberty of suggesting to you the propriety, 
in the event of his death, to commemorate his long & eminent 
services with suitable respect to his remains by the medical, philos- 
ophical. Historical, & other professional & literary institutions with 
which he was connected some of which he aided to found & others 
to promote. Let not the merits & services of the active period of 
our eminent fellow citizen, be veiled by the frailties of his old age. 
Excluded as I am from Society by my deafness & retired into the 
vale of obscurity, "oblitus meorum & obliviscendus ab illis" I know 
not whom to address on this occasion, with so much freedom & 
propriety as y^'=elf, confident that I am not mistaken in your disposi- 
tion to render respect & honour where in my humble estimation, 
they are so justly due. 

¥■■ sincere friend, J. P. 

Wed-^' [September] 7^^ 

There are no tidings that I can learn of M' Foster, 
who is daily expected. His new ship was launched on 
Sat^ & sits like a Duck in the water. She will not be 
ready to sail as soon as expected, probably not till 12*'' 
Oct^ Your brother remove [d] on Monday to his new 
store 67 South S' next to the corner of Pine S*. He has 
a very accommodating counting room up stairs & is ex- 
actly on the spot of N. Orleans business, of w'' I wish 
him a full share, which he deserves for his intelligence 
& indefatigable attention. . . . 

Thurs^ [September] 8*'' 

My old friend D^ Mitchill died yest^ at 12. . . . 


Friday [September] 9*"^ ... I shall attend D^ Mitch- 
ills funeral this p. m. as a pallbearer. . . . 

New York, Wed^ W" Sept^ 1831 

My beloved daughter 

I send one more package of books by the old line, 
for the improvement & amusement of my dear N. Or- 
leans family. Imprimis, as the Deputy w*^ say, Dwights 
Theology, 4 Vols. Oct", a work to which I feel myself 
so much indebted, as to lead me to consider that Scott's 
Commentary, Homes Study of the Scriptures, together 
with the above, are a suff[icien]t library for a young 
Divine. I recommend Dwight to the particular study of 
my g'^sons, a knowledge of his system will enable them 
to test & correct any licentious errors of any minister 
of the Gospel. It is held in such estimation in Eng*^ & 
Scotland as to have passed already through 14 editions, 
I think, & very many in this country where as well as 
in England it is stereotyped, a proof of its popularity. 
I regard it as the most valuable legacy that a professor 
of Theology c*^ possibly leave to his countrymen. So 
long as the Congregationalists of New Eng*^ adhere to 
Dwight, so long will Orthodoxy & sound religion & piety 
prevail among them. The style is plain, almost mathe- 
matical. His positions clear, his deductions fair & his 
reasonings & demonstrations candid & conclusive. Where 
he differs from Episcopacy it is without acrimony, rather 
as a matter of opinion that has divided Divines of the 
most preeminent abilities, than from mere sectarian mo- 
tives. His Discourses on Death, w*" I read this Summer 
I recommend to y"" particular attention my beloved 
daughter, for we must all die & let us learn to be pre- 
pared. The study will correct many loose notions on 
this solemn & all important subject. I am endeavour- 
ing to persuade the proprietors to print an edition of 
this part of the work, on a larger type for the benefit of 
aged persons & decayed sight, persuaded that "Dwight 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 277 

on Death," will [prove] as useful, popular & profitable, 
as Drelincourt & Sherlock have been in their day. But 
President Dwights style is not always jejune. His pulpit 
eloquence shines in his sermons, 2 vols, of which have 
been published, which I am now reading & will send 
you at a future day. As a lawyer, Marney may study 
D"" Dwights argumentative style & to improve himself 
in the all important professional knowledge of the Law 
of Evidence. He may derive great benefit from Wil- 
sons Evidences of Xt^ recently sent, elegantly written, 
(few''! am also reading with all the avidity of youth, 
fascinated with both matter & manner. Leslie's Short 
Method, heretofore sent, is an exercise for the most dis- 
criminating mind, & will teach him to state, examine & 
cross examine evidences, to be acute in w" is one of 
the perfections of a lawyer. ... In the parcel you will 
find Scotts prose works, 6 v^ delectable reading, that 
g'^father sh'' not be charged with sending only such dry 
works as are fit for Sundays, also Bishop Porteous' Lec- 
tures invaluable, for Turtle Dove w*" was overlooked 
when packing up her Military Library, a copy each for 
the Life Members of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] 
No. 43 of the last Extracts, also for the Madames 3, a 
copy of the Health Almanac, likewise the last N" of 
the Mirror containing an account of the Old Jail in this 
city with some revoP' anecdotes by g'^father who c'^ have 
wished that his name had not been mentioned. You 
may think me fond of scribbling in my old days, other- 
wise. But as I stand almost alone as to past times, I 
am incessantly importuned to furnish some illustrative 
facts. This was done to oblige my young friend And'' 
Warner who takes an interest in promoting the Mirror. 
I am looking thro' the Minutes of our Corporation to 
make up an account of our old & new City Halls, no 
small research, to illustrate a plate shortly to be pub- 
lished of w*" I will send you a copy. But I do not alto- 
gether fancy becoming a chronicler of small Beer. To 
be authentic requires more labour of research to estab- 
lish the truth of a single fact than those who have not 


essayed it, can imagine. There is so much fiction em- 
ployed to blazon revolut^ Heroes as they are all called 
where the sole merit consisted in firing at an enemy be- 
hind a stone fence & as he advanced running away. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Tennessee 

with a parcel 

New York, Sat^ 10'*^ Aug* [sic for September] 1831 

Wed^' [September] 14*''. I have just made up a pack- 
age of books to go by the Tennessee to sail tomorrow. 
. . . Mother went yest^ to see her cousin M" Gouver- 
neur, who begins to be quite bowed down with years. 
She has been the most perfect recluse of any person 
I ever knew. Dear Mother walked to Beaver S* & home 
again, evidence of her recruited strength. 

Friday [September] 16"*. Quite a N. E. rain yest^ 
& the weather was so dark at night as to prevent Mother 
& Sister from going to M" Hamersleys party, who re- 
sides in Greenwich S* very near the Battery. , . . Sh** 
the day prove dry, not to interrupt the ship carpenters 
the 2^^ new packet will be launched, weather permitting, 
tomorrow p. m. 4 o'clock. Our ladies & children are to 
go on board. She is to be called the Nashville. Cap* 
Prices ship is not yet named. Y"" brothers, Cap* Reed, 
will be named the Natchez, w*" he regards as the best of 
the whole line, all superior ships, as you will see, when 
you may honour them with a visit at N. Orleans. What 
a contrast to the Brigs & hulks w*" first conveyed my 
beloved child to & from N. 0. I can scarcely credit the 
improvements. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Mail 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1831 279 

N York, Sat^ 17^" Sept', 1831 

My last miscellany was despatched by mail yest^. 
Probably that by the Tenessee is still detained by un- 
favourable weather that still continues & prevents the 
launching of the Nashville till Wed^. 

I saw, for the first time, M"" Foster, yest^. He has 
been very much reduced is still very thin, but recruiting. 
It was a desperate, almost, undertaking, the journey 
by land in his weak state. His ship is to come to the 
wharf the last of next week, to take in lading, to sail 
[blank in MS.] Ocf in w^ he will embark with his fam- 
ily- . . . 

Monday [September] 19*". A superb day. A flood 
of European news by late arrivals. Hostilities had com- 
menced between the Dutch & Belgians, the latter, fled 
like poltroons. An army of 50,000 French having ad- 
vanced to support the Independence of Belgium, the 
King of Holland consented to the arrangements of the 
allied powers. Peace consequently is restored, unless by 
the interposition of France in behalf of the Poles, it 
sh*^ be disturbed & without such interference that brave 
nation must probably succumb. . . . We were on the 
qui vive in expectation of War & our speculators as to 
that event are sorely disappointed. It is humiliating 
to humanity to reflect that the hopes of commercial 
profits so much rely on the miseries of mankind. . . . 

Tuesday [September] 20''^ 

Tomorrow at 8, we are to attend the launching of the 
Nashville. If the day sh** prove as propitious as this, it 
will prove a pleasant party for the ladies. 

Wedn'' [September] 2V\ Our folks were up early & 
left home i/^ p. 7 with the 2 boys. The day is obscure 
& N Easterly wind, but not unpleasant. Several ladies 
attended & a large concourse of spectators. The Ship 
glided "majestically into her element" as Editors say, 
exactly at 9. It was a beautiful Launch & sight tho 


somewhat tedious. A collation, plentiful & genteel, was 
given in the Corlaers Hook Garden house. After a cup 
of coffee, I glided off, a la solitaire to Wall S\ Sister 
gives party N° 1. this ev^. She invited the Robinsons & 
their nieces, Smith & Chew. Miss Duer called to say 
that the former was at Princeton, & that the latter had 
commenced her schooling & c*^ not come. . . . 

Thur^ [September] 22*^. Last ev= tho' overcast was 
favourable for Sisters party, w*" was large. The Schenck 
family alone fill one side of a parlour. A French gent" 
& lady from N[ew] 0[rleans]. I sat a while, chatting 
with Miss Tellar of Fishkill. The fashionables did not 
assemble till i^ p. 8. Tea at 9. . . . The ev^ passed 
off cheerily, everything genteel & abundant. How dif- 
ferent dear mother observed from our times when every 
thing was prepared in the family. Now all is pro- 
vided abroad. Easy, but expensive. . . . 

New York, Sat^ 24*^ Sept^ 1831 

My last was by yest-^'* mail, to my beloved daughter. 
This, probably, will be the final letter thro' the same 
channel, as the new line of packets is to commence run- 
ning in Oct". The Louisville the V\ in w*" M' & M" 
Foster are to return, to sail 14*'' . . . 

Monday [September] 26'\ On Sat^ I took a turn at 
the Savings B"" for M"" Swan indisposed. ... I felt con- 
strained to stay home on Sunday & take a doze of Seid- 
litz. ... I regretted it the more as the Rev. M"" Hawks 
preached. Our folks were delighted. A most eloquent 
Divine, a learned Scholar, pious, energetic, & w** re- 
suscitate our fallen Church. Strange to say that one 
half the vestry are opposed to the wishes of a great ma- 
jority I am persuaded, of the congreg" & what is sin- 
gular M"" H. is High Church, withal. The day was 
beautiful, & he had an overflowing congreg". But the 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 281 

Lord reigneth & will overrule all for the best. I find by 
the advertisement in the papers of the sailing days of 
the new line of packets, that y' brothers ship the 
Natchez, Reed, will not sail till the 13'^ Nov. . . . Turtle 
Dove told me that Marney talked of sending or bring- 
ing on Larney to place him, at his own charge, at the 
Flushing Institute w" is no longer a matter of experi- 
ment but has perfectly succeeded. I shall endeavour 
to procure a recent public" of the Rev. M"" Aluhlenbergh 
& forward it. I hope that Marsden will carry his reso- 
lution into effect. 

Tues^ [September] 27 

M" Foster & M" Palmer called yest^ M^ F. is quite 
indisposed & confined with his N[ew] 0[rleans] com- 
plaint. I will call & see him tomorrow. Last ev^ a M"" 
Nelson a very respectable new pew holder in S' Thomas' 
called with a petition in favour of appointing the Rev. 
M'" Hawkes Rector, whose sermon on Sunday made a 
most favourable impression. As the most aged of the 
Congreg" I was complimented with being the first signer. 
He anticipates success. God speed him. What cause 
there can be for hesitation I cannot imagine, except that 
some of the adherents of the late Rector Upfold wish 
to gratify him, by electing as successor anyone but M"" 
Hawkes. . . . 

Wed-'' [September] 28^". ... To counteract the new 
line of packets. Cap* Holmes, not very friendly, has re- 
duced the price of freights, an unprofitable mode of 
hostility, w** generally defeats itself. As this (28^") was 
the intended period to commence running the Louisville, 
Cap' Price, not being ready, the concerned engaged an- 
other ship, the S* George to supply its place, w^ will sail 
tomorrow, & the P' packet on the 12*'' Ocf & so on 
every fortnight thereafter. These ships are equal in 
construction & elegant accommod^ to the finest Euro- 
pean packets & must command the preference both of 
freight & passengers. Y"" industrious brother will be 
most actively occupied & I regret that I am incapaci- 


tated from being serviceable to him. My deafness is an 
insuperable obstacle. . . . 

Thurs^ [September] 29\ Dear Mother attended 
yest'' P. M. in her place as a Directress of S* Thomas Ch. 
Fem. Miss[ionar]y S". A poor concern as Thomas calls 
it. An an[nual] subs" of $1. is required w'' has been 
refused by some ladies, after subscribing, as they did not 
think well of miss'' efforts. God grant them grace, & 
better hearts, ... I have just heard that the Rev. M' 
M'^Ilvaine who had been elected Bishop of Ohio, & Rec- 
tor of S*' Pauls, Boston, both eminent stations, has out 
of a truly Xt° love for his humble congreg" of Brooklyn 
declined both, for w'' I do most sincerely rejoice, as we 
have no truly evangelical spirit in our Church to spare 
in this cold formal High Church Diocese. I am going 
to the wharf to look at the Louisville w*" was to come 
down this morning. 

Friday [September] 30*'' 

Yest^ towards ev^ M^ & M" Curtis with their little 
daughter called, having arrived in the morn^ from Bos- 
ton. I have never seen her before, a very genteel person, 
handsome face, like her dear mothers, Sister Hall, . . . 

New York, Monday lO''^ Oct^ 1831 

This is to go by the Louisville to sail, if possible on 
Thur^ 13**'. M"" Foster has been too precipitate as to the 
period of sailing. A fortnight later w'* have been better, 
& given more time for preparation, w^ is scarcely com- 
plete. As regards the superb cabbins, you will be as- 
tonished my beloved daughter to view the elegant finish 
of the state rooms & accommodations, equal to those of 
the first class Liverpool & Havre packets. May the en- 
terprize of the concern be richly rewarded. Y"" brother 
always said that the Louisville was too sharp & w'^ draw 
too much water. This is likely to prove the case, w" 
will prevent her from taking in a full freight out to 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 283 

N[ew] 0[rleansj. This is the ship, Cap^ Price, whose 
turn comes IS"" IVIarch, to take Doctor Pintard home. 
Price is a bold skillful navigator, with whom you sailed. 
I have this aft. noon, to attend as a pall bearer the 
funeral of an old RevoP officer & brave man, Major 
[William] Torry, at the upper end of Hudson Street, a 
mile & a half at least from Broome S^ . . . 

Tues-'' [October] IP". Notwithstanding the violent 
N. E. Storm yest*' for it poured incessantly, I attended 
the funeral of iMajor Torrey. He was a captain & brave 
oflacer of the N York line in the Rev^ War, & always 
sustained a fair character as a man & citizen. He was 
moreover a pious Xt". In his younger days he was 
an admirable singer. I c*^ not but regard a beautiful 
Chamber organ, the companion of his declining years, 
with emotion, as also his Cincinnati Eagle shrouded in 
crape, suspended over the chimney piece. His funeral, 
considering the very unfavourable state of the weather, 
was respectably attended, for he was much esteemed. 
He was father of Doctor [John] Torrey, a professor in 
our Medical College. I rode out & home & thank God 
experience no harm, taking care to protect my feet with 
Indian rubbers, & my faithful careful wife wrapping me 
up in my camblet cloke. It w*^ have made you smile 
to have heard her charge to the Coachman to be sure 
to help the old gentleman out of the carriage & up the 
steps of the house w" he attended to. Employing the 
same Livery Man, he always sends careful drivers. . . . 

Wed^ [October] 12^". The sun has at length smiled 
on us. The storm at N. E. was severe the last 3 days, 
so as to have impeded the loading of the Louisville. 
Monday is now fixed for her sailing. . . . This day is 
the anni"" of my dear good uncles [Lewis Pintard's] 
birthday, 99 years ago, 1732, born in the same year with 
General Washington, to w" he frequently recurred. 

Thur^ [October] 13"' ... I stepped to the wharf & 
y"" brother attended me on board the Louisville the state 
rooms & cabin furniture of which exceeds in splendour, 


not vies with, that of a superb Liverpool ship on the 
opp[osite] side of the wharf to see w" I was politely- 
asked by a gentleman whose name I cannot recall. . . . 
Thomas' leave was out yest^' & he ret*^ home this morn^, 
gratified with his visit altho' the weather has been un- 
propitious. His return home was probably a little more 
hastened, as he expects to attend a wedding this ev^, 
Miss Wilsey, where y'' boys have stayed. She is to be 
married to a promising young man, of the western part 
of this state, about 400 miles, where she removes forth- 
with. . . . Thomas' whole heart is in his business. He 
begins to be a complete draftsman & drafts all the ma- 
chinery made at Mattawan, a useful essential talent. 
At New Year he is to go from the mechanic shop to the 
cotton Factory, to commence with the picker & come up 
progressively to the loom & callender, so as to become 
a perfect master of all the branches of cotton manufac- 
tures. M"" Leonard his instructor says that he w** give 
any sum were his son as competent & fond of the busi- 
ness as Thomas, of whose talents, assiduity & attention 
he cannot speak too highly. . . . 

Sat^ [October] 15. A fine day for the Launch of the 
Natchez, . . . Yest^ at noon Mother & Sister went on 
b** the Louisville & were charmed with the superb cabin 
& state rooms, as you will be when you see them. In the 
ev^ M*" & M" Foster took a parting dish of tea with 
us, after w" the young folks went to the Niblos to see 
the panorama of Bonaparte. Mother & myself staid 
home. They ref^ to Sisters neat refreshment of Oysters 
&c" & after drinking success to the Louisiana & N. 0. 
line of packets & a prosperous & speedy passage to the 
Louisville, I took French leave at 10. . . . The ship is 
to haul out in the stream on Monday morn^ with in- 
tention, if possible to sail p. m. but most probably on 
Tuesday. Every thing is to do & fix, on b** a new ship. 
The cabin is full & there are 50 steerage passengers, so 
that she will go crowded with live stock. I believe that 
she takes a good share of freight notwithstanding the 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 285 

active opposition of the old lines, but the new, after the 
first outfit, must from the superiority of structure & 
accommodations carry all before them. Jealousy tho' 
natural is folly. Yi P- 12. How I am driven. I have 
just handled the Louisvilles letter bag by putting a 
small parcel cont^ Hist^ of France, 2 v", Family Library 
25*" vol, Scotts life, Walter 1 with the last newspapers, 
one containing a brief sketch of the Fair,-^^ w*" we visited 
with the boys yest^ p. m. The crowd too great to give 
them even a peep. Our stay of course was short. I de- 
clare it is as much as life is worth to go thro the lower 
business streets, for carts, packages &c'' & y"" brothers 
counting room is crammed with freighters. The lower 
hold of the ship is chocked off for laying the hatches, & 
there appears to be plenty to fill between decks, so that 

1 hope this Ship will have a good set off. It w"* have 
been provoking to have gone half freighted. . . . 

Monday [October] 17*". A heavenly day, for the 
sailing of the Louisville 4 p. m. We had a superb 
aft.noon, a superb launch of the superb ship Natchez & 
a superb collation attended by a large concourse of feast- 
ers. Champagne flowed by the dozen. Mother drank 

2 glasses, myself 1, w" was full enough for my poor head. 
It was really a brilliant spectacle to see such a noble 
ship, gliding without the least baulk or accident into 
her element. She is to sail 13'" Nov'", short time enough 
to complete her & take in cargo, but y"" brother has the 
sole control, & will lose not a moment to expedite her. 
It is a difficult matter to outfit such splendid ships as 
compose the new line of packets. The enterprizing pro- 
prietors merit every encouragement. The Louisville is 
full & turned of[f] freight. The Nashville is coming 
along side the wharf at Pine Street w" lies almost op- 
posite y"" brothers convenient store. M"" J. Foster, brother 
to M'" F. attends to the lading. A very smart active, 
obliging young man whose address & intelligence give 
great satisfaction to M' Servoss. I am happy that he is 

3^ Of the American Institute, at Masonic Hall. 


employed, and altho' this is the first ship that he had 
attended to, he is quite at home in his department & 
what is essential very ready. The Nashville, Cap* Rath- 
bone, is to sail the 28*** next week, by w** I shall write 
next. ... 

New York, Tues^ 17"" [sic for 18th] Oct., 1831. 

Summer day 

I have just returned Vo p. 10 from the steam boat, 
taking leave of M" Foster, to sail in the Louisville this 
delightful morn^. I wish her a speedy & prosperous 
passage. I believe that the principles of conducting 
the concerns of the new line of packets by M"" Servoss 
in this city are satisfactorily, to all parties, arranged. 
He has the prospect of very active & detailed trouble- 
some duties before him, but as he is man of great method 
& despatch he will so arrange the duties of his clerks 
& subordinates as greatly to facilitate his operations. 
This first ship, all being new, has been the most difl&- 
cult. The others will be easier. The Nashville comes 
next. & as M"" S. will be chief manager his duty will be 
lighter. This enterprize is a noble one & does M"" Foster 
great credit for his indefatigable exertions w*" I hope 
will be crowned with success. Your friend M" F. is 
much improved in health. I have broken off to decline 
an appointment as a Man[a]ger of the Prote[stan]t 
Mission S° for this city. My advanced years & deaf- 
ness disqualify me from being an intelligent useful mem- 
ber of a deliberative association. ... I am again in- 
vited to attend, as pall bearer, the funeral this aft. noon 
of M' John G. Tardy, AE. 71, with whom I was long 
associated in the Vestry of the French Church, of which 
he was the faithful secretary for 30 years. . . . 

Thurs^ [October] 20*". As I went home yest^ I 
passed thro' the park where the Sunday [School] Schol- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 287 

ars were assembling to the amount of many thousands. 
The neatness, order, propriety of behaviour were truly 
exhilirating to an old spectator who looked back to the 
times when nothing but frolicking & riots were exhibited 
on those grounds, now the scene of such rational God- 
like improvements. I c** not wait to hear the hymns 
sung expediting my course to attend D' Francis. The 
side walks in B'^way from the Park to Canal Street were 
filled with the processions of the Sunday scholars, whose 
smiling countenances together with the cheering aspect 
of their Teachers esp^ Female bowed my heart with gra- 
titude, that I sh*^ be spared to witness such scenes. 

At 1, Francis bled me copiously. It was requisite, 
for my poor head had been in a dreadful state for many 
weeks. The bandage slipped & towards ev^ the blood 
flowed profusely, w*' gave Mother some trouble to 
staunch. . . . The stricture of my bandage prevents 
writing with ease. Adieu. 

Friday [October] 2P\ Superb weather. . . . Our 
proposed University ^^ have made choice of a location, 
directly north & adjoining Niblos Garden, 5 lots thro' 
from BVay to Crosby S* @ $10,000 a lot, $50,000. An 
injudicious choice in my opinion, on too public noisy 
a thoroughfare & bad aspect, west & east, instead of 
south & north. It will tend to raise the value of 429 
Broome Street, however. 

Sat^ [October] 22^ Fine day. Business. Your 
brother told me last ev^ to mention that he had ac- 
cepted the Doctors draft, but that he was engrossed with 
pressing business that he had not time to write to him. 
This is a fact, for he does not come home to dinner until 
6, as we are preparing for tea. I remonstrate with him, 
that so long abstinence 10 hours from 8 to 6, will injure. 
He says no. that he takes an apple & a cracker by way 
of luncheon, which is too slight. He has gone this morn^ 
to the launch of the Creole, the 4*'' ship. . . . The Lou- 
isiana concern are about contracting for a Q^^ ship. Cap* 

^^ The site ultimately chosen for New York University is on the 
east side of Washington Square. 


Marshall, to be built this winter, & ready to sail to Liv- 
erpool with a cargo next May, to be coppered, return & 
take her place in the line next fall. I hope the co[m- 
pany] is not too sanguine, but I place great reliance on 
the judgment of M'' S[ervoss] who is a most assiduous 
attentive judicious man & the best cotton agent with- 
out exception in this city, where his reputation as a 
merchant begins to rank among the foremost. . . . 

Thurs^ 27*'' Oct^ The first page of my letter by 
yest^^ mail ^^ was a continuation of the preceding sheet 
of this. It was to advise you of the safe arrival of y"" 
son [John Pintard Davidson] & companions in the 
Talma yest-^ 

On my way down I paid y"" subscription of $10 
at the Sunday School office, which will be ac- 
knowledged in the Observer & Sunday School Journal 
of next week. What a grateful offering in your behalf, 
of a mite towards the greatest effort of the times, the 
establishment of Sunday Schools in the Valley of the 
Mississippi. . . . Our Doctor Jun'' dined with us, having 
passed a few hours with his g'^mother & aunt before 
I came home. He is the same modest well disciplined 
youth as when here last year, and charms us all . . . 
He went to the City Hotel, after dinner to his compan- 
ions, to see the sights of this great city overflowing with 
visitors on the meeting of the Tariff Convention. I shall 
call as I go home to take a peep at the most numerous 
deliberative body ever assembled in this city. . . . 

Monday 3P* Oct". My dear g'^son dined with us 
yest^. ... He thinks of returning by the way of Ohio, 
so as to make a visit, at his fathers desire, to his family 
relations in Kentucky. I told him that it w** be an agree- 
able duty to visit also his g'^father Davidson in Mis- 
souri. . . . 

39 Not preserved with this collection of Pintard's letters. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 i!o9 

Pintard gave me 2 letters to drop in the bag, but as they 
are addressed to ladies, to prevent inquisitive curiosity 
on the passage prying into them, I shall place in y"" en- 
velope. I have made up a little parcel of Missiles as 
usual. Dwights Sermons, Moores Fitzgerald & Monita 
Secreta of w*" I speak in a short letter to Louis M. to- 
gether with y"" papers & some pamphlets. Sister will 
provide a dress for you & some little articles to go by 
the Natchez 12 or 14 Nov"" with y"" next tub of butter 
N"* 2. This ship is to come along side the Wharf to- 
morrow, y brother is quite pleased with her construc- 
tion & accommodations & thinks she will prove the best 
ship of the line. The Q^^ ship, to be completed next 
May, is contracted for, by the same shipwrights, Webb 
& C**, as the Natchez. She is to be 2 feet longer & is 
2000 D" cheaper, say $24,000. These ships all told run 
up to $45,000 each or more. A heavy concern to w*" I 
wish the enterprizers every success. . . . 
[Addressed by Ship] Nashville 

To Lewis Marsden Davidson, of Nexu Orleans 

New York, 3P^ Oct^ 1831 

My dear g[ran]dson Louis M. Davidson Esq 
Deputy Clerk of the Sup. Court of Louisiana 

Pray do [you] wish to be called in future Louis — 
let me know for my government. 

By this ship, the Arkansaw, [sic'] I send 2 vols of 
President Dwights Sermons. I recommend them all, but 
those to the Candidates for the Baccalareate in Yale 
College in particular. Look into the discourse "Life a 
race" & see whether any of the characters suit you. 
This is considered as one [of] the Presidents best ser- 
mons. He appeared to estimate it, by preaching it 3 
times. Were I a Trustee of that renowned College, I 
w^ stereotype it to present a copy to every student as he 


took his degree. Moore Life of Fitz[g]erald, an un- 
fortunate victim to his patriotism, will please you for its 
style & subject. ... I also send a very curiou[s] little 
work, just published, Secreta Monita,*^ private Instruc- 
tions for the Jesuits. It has been extremely rare & in- 
accessible. Many years ago I heedlesly missed the only 
copy I ever saw. I seized this with avidity. Read it 
as I do, as a Latin exercise. The Truth of its history 
is well set forth in the Introduction. This little Manual 
will develope the arts of an order that once governed 
almost the Cabinets of every Rom. Catholic Kingdom. 
Until the extension of their intrigues & power made 
Kings to tremble & worked the expulsion & almost ruin 
of an order w*" is again reviving. Wherever they set- 
tled in the New World they made immense acquisitions 
of territory. Your upper Fauxbourgh a great way along 
the river was owned by the order & reverted to France 
on its expulsion & granted to y' city, but as this is a 
home subject, you must be better informed than myself. 
I send it to show you the artful duplicity of the Jesuits 
who by the way rendered themselves odious to the reg- 
ular clergy. This order is endeavouring to engross edu- 
cation among the Rom. Catholics in y"" western country 
& to make converts. Their character therefore ought 
to be studied & known. I do not mean that my g^'son 
sh*^ be a casuist in religion, but capable when asked to 
give a reason for the Faith that is in him. . . . 
[Addressed:] Louis M. Davidson Esq 

Deputy Clerk 

of the Supreme Court 

New Orlenas 
[Ship] Nashville 

*° "Secreta Monita Societatis Jesu : Secret Instructions of the Jesuits, 
printed verbatim from the London copy of 1725" was advertised for 
sale by Jonathan Leavitt, of 182 Broadway, New York, in The New- 
York Observer, of Saturday, Nov. 5, 1831. There is an article on "Monita 
Secreta" in The Catholic Encyclopedia (N. Y.), X, 487. 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 291 

To Mrs. Richard Davidson 

N York, Tues^ 1 Nov^ 1831 

The Nashville sails this day at 10, with my letter of 
yest^ & pacotile. The Illinois also sailed at 9, having 
an hours start, both sailing at the same time the trial 
will be w" may first arrive. The Illinois has the ad- 
vantage of being in known trim. Every thing new, sails 
& rigging of the Nashville is somewhat against her for 
the first days, in which the Illinois may take the lead, 
so as not to be overreached. The N[ashville] takes a 
full freight, y"" brother says $500 more than the Louis- 
ville. I wish that the Natchez may have as good luck. 
She is to come along side the Wharf this day. Four 
prime ships leave this port to day, the above, & 1 for 
Charleston the other for London, all about the same 
hour, a beautiful sight. . . . 

Thur^ [November] 3^ Beautiful day. I visited the 
Natchez yest^. She is the crack ship of the line. Her 
arrangements & accomodations surpass the 2 first ships, 
as [you] will grant sh** you visit them, but say nothing 
to M"" Foster to hurt his pride. He deserve [s] great 
credit for his enterprize. The Natchez will not probably 
be prepared to sail till Tuesday 15***, 2 days later than 
her regular date, the 13*'' w*" falling on Sunday is no 
sailing day. . . . 

Monday [November] 7^^. By the preceding brief 
how do ye's my beloved daughter will see that my 
mornings had been engrossed by my duties to the 
A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety]. We have an adjourned 
meeting on Thur^ to take into consideration 4 important 
resolutions respecting supplying Scriptures in Foreign 
languages. The result I will communicate ere closing 
this. Yest^ morn^ an elegant day I attend [ed] service 
in the Chapel of the Epis' Semin^. Bp. Onderdonk de- 
livered the annual sermon & charges to the new students, 


18, after w*" the Sacrament was administered. It was a 
solemn sight to see 40 young men preparing for the 
ministry, kneeling in succession at the Lords Table. Our 
friend M"" Bayard of Princeton, calls this act, as he does 
every thing else that does not accord with his Presby*" 
notions, Roman Catholic superstition. It is not. In the 
Church of Rome where the absurd doctrine of tra[n]- 
substantiation is believed, it is an act of adoration to the 
Real Presence, but with us it is an humble demonstra- 
tion of devotion. However my dear child, so much de- 
pends on education & habit, that we ought to think & 
speak charitably of all forms & customs that differ from 
our own Church. The Presbyt^ stand at prayer, Episcop* 
kneel & both are reconcileable with primitive usages. 
If the heart be right, forms signify little, if cold & un- 
devout, forms will not avail. Let Protest^ think what 
they will, the external forms of Rom. Catholic worship 
are certainly more devotional & impressive than our 
own. God will judge & accept the aspirations of the 
most ignorant & bigotted if offered according to our best 
belief. Of all things let us think & speak charitably of 
our fellow Xt°^ It was exhilerating to me, to see the 
largest number of students than ever in one season at- 
tended the TheoP Sem^ The highest n° in Bp. Hobarts 
time did not exceed 18. The number now is more than 
double. His High Church notions repelled students, & 
his aim was to depress the Gen. Seminary into a Di- 
ocesan School, but by his death & other circumstances, 
it has pleased God to order it otherwise, for which I 
rejoice. My heart is in this Sem''. 

Tues^ [November] S^^ Indian summer, delightful 
weather, favourable for the Natchez, w^ y"" brother ap- 
prehends will be delayed by the Joiners. The Cabin is 
far from being completed, I all along enquired whether 
they were sufl5ciently urged. It seems not. However 
the weather is favourable for expediting their nice work. 
. . . The last Observer of 5^^ contains a very detailed ac- 
count about Steamboats on your mighty waters, amount- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 293 

ing to 402, w^ y' brother says is a faithful description. 
I do hope that y' sons read these letters as conveying 
information so useful indeed essential for them to know. 
When I look back to the period of my short abode in 
N[ew] 0[rleans] in 1801, now 30 years ago, when I 
walked the levee daily with a very intelligent gent" M"" 
Mather, since departed I believe, & when we discoursed 
on the practicability of navigating the Mississippi by 
steam, casting sticks into the currents & eddies, & cal- 
culating their power, as also that of the current of the 
river, I think 4 miles p'" hour, & of the possibility of 
propelling boats of burthen ag* it, I feel all astonishment 
at the immense & almost, to me, incredible progress of 
steam navigation on the western waters, bringing to- 
gether all circumstances of population & water communi- 
cation. I tell y' brother that the concerned have no rea- 
son to doubt of the success of the new line. At my return 
home, & before the first steamboat ascended the Hudson, 
I had frequent conversations with M' Fulton about the 
Miss[is]sippi. He sanguinely, as I then thought, ob- 
served that if he c** conquer the Hudson, he hoped to see 
the day when there would be as many st[eain] boats 
on the AIiss[iss]ippi as there were states in the Union. 
He died however prematurely, his hectic constitution 
exhausted by intense application of the powers of his 
mind & body to the great object of his successful ambi- 
tion, before this then extravagant, but not insignificant 
anticipation was realized. I have however been spared, 
tho' not to witness, to hear & read, of the wonderful 
result of his inventive genius. Altho' not the exact in- 
ventor, he h[as] the honour to be the first practical 
author of propeling [vessjels by the power of steam, and 
of benefitting all the civilized [worljd with the fruits 
of his astonishing Genius. . . . 

Wed^ [November] 9'\ I went yest^ to see the Hunts- 
ville to be launched w[e]ather permitting next Sat^ 
12**'. She is a beautiful ship. Cap* Stoddard was so 
pleased with my Coat of Arms that he had the Devices 


carved & blasoned for the Stern. Your brother says 
they look beautiful. I wish they were on his ship. This 
is a most splendid line of packets exceeding any belong- 
ing to this port & will no doubt flatter the pride of y' 
city. Last night, or early this morn^ a Fire on the east 
side of the town burnt down the Roman Catholic Church 
S* Mary & 6 buildings, the former insured for $10,000, 
not in the Mutual w'' loses nothing. The Episcopal 
N. Y. Mission S° has purchased a Church, formerly the 
Rev. Hooper Cummings, latterly Rev. M"" Dyes ^^ called 
the Paraclete, in Vandewater S' for $15,000. It has cost 
$25,000, & is intended for a Free Church, where every 
one incapable of paying pew rent may find seats with- 
out expense. It is to be under the care of the Rev. M"" 
Cutler, brother of M" D'" Francis, a pious Divine. How 
the project will succeed time must determine. Such a 
Church appears to be much wanted, but whether mere 
comers & goers will feel much interest where nothing 
is paid, is doubtful. The Methodist pews are all free, 
but every body pays something w" attaches them to 
their Churches. It is a laudable efifort. I wish it suc- 
cess. Our new Epis[copa]l Churches tax heavy rents. 
I have now my annual Bill for last year in S* Thomas 
$30 this with 6 p^ C on $400, the first cost, makes $44 
[sic] a year. Y'' brother however pays me half the 
rent $15. He has the cheapest of the bargain. I have 
given the pew to Mother, but as y' Sisters family in- 
creases it will become too small. Indeed it is so already 
when all are present. It cannot conveniently accom- 
modate only Pintard, for Mother will not be incom- 
moded. However, we shall soon give place to our suc- 
cessors. I attend because I profit by the Liturgy, & it is 
exemplary to go to Church. We have as yet no new 
minister chosen. If he sh*^ prove a High flyer, such as 
the last I will quit, & attend again my French Church, 

*i Richard Varick Dey. (Jonathan Greenleaf , A History of the 
Churches in the City of New York (2nd ed., 1850), pp. 45-46, 90-91, 
163-64, 355; C. E. Corwin, A Manual of the Reformed Church in Amer- 
ica (5th ed., 1922), p. 308.) 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 295 

but this will be very painful to Mother who is attached 
to her own seat. . , . 

Sat^' [NovemberJ 12'". I was so engaged yest" till 
2 o'clock with B[ible] S[ociety] duties that I c'^ not 
trace a line. . . . The Managers of the Am. B. S. made 
the following appropriations for Foreign objects to be 
paid, by particular subscriptions, the ensuing year, Viz' 
15000 to the B'' of Foreign Missions, toward printing 
the Scriptures in the Mahratta language 
5000 towards the N[ew] Testament for the Sand- 
wich islands 
5000 to the Baptist Mission towards printing the 

Scriptures in Burmese 
5000 or upwards for stereotyping the modern Greek 
Test [anient] & publishing 30,000 Copies to be 
sent to Greece. 
Handsome appropriations w*" will do great good. At 
my return home I found the Rev. M"" Bayard at Tea & 
he received the intelligence with g' coldness, not ap- 
proving, after Bp. Hobart, of Foreign missions. God 
mend these High Flyers. They will not even counte- 
nance the General For. & Dom. Miss[ionar]y S° of 
our own Church, further than confining all its meagre 
efforts to domestic purposes. I have no patience on this 
subject, & had better be silent. This same class of 
conscientious Churchmen is doing all in their power to 
break down the General S[unday] S[chool] Union, by 
raising the hue & cry of Presbyt" influence & Union of 
Church & State. Shameful. 

Monday [November] 14'" 

I have (11 o'clock) just been on b*^ the Natchez. 
There is no chance of her sailing tomorrow. The steer- 
age passengers are rolling in their baggage to the number 
of 60. Cap' Reed says that there will be in all 100 souls 
on board. The hold is chocking off, but the am' of 
freight will not equal the Nashville. Her Cabin is 
nearly completed. The State rooms are all most ele- 


gantly furnished like the Louisvilles. Every possible 
comfort & accommodation are provided. Ship Stores 
of the first quality & abundance. . . . 

Tues^ [November] 15^^. Altho' the aft. noon was 
very raw & blustering our folks rode down to Ficket[t]s 
ship yard to see the launch ^- w*" was very elegant. Part 
of M'^ Schencks family came down, many other ladies 
were present. The refreshments were in superb style, 
champagne flowing like cider, after w*" we got home 
thankful, the boys delighted. . . . 

To Lewis Marsden Davidson, of New Orleans 

New York, 14*'' Nov., 1831 
My dear g'^son 

Mothers Box contains last Sat^^ Journal of Commerce 
with a neat article by y"" uncle respecting your friend 
M"" Lea.^^ An adventurer palmed himself off at Boston 
last summer as a rich Louis[ian]a planter under the 
name of M"" L. The imposture was detected & published. 
Your uncle, noteing the article w^ I did not, drew up 
the one sent you, to let the Bostonians know who the 
real M"" Lea was. In the paper loose, is an acc't of the 
5 new packets given by y"" uncle, with an advert [ise- 
ment] of Judge Johnstons Cotton, w^ I thought might 
amuse & please. 

It w** be a wonderful Box from me, without a Book. 
Among others is poetical Quotations, 4 v^ w** will serve 
y"" turn perhaps to round a period of some of y"" forensic 
speeches, also Cobbets Advice to Young Persons, w*" I 
have not more than looked at. The practical remarks of 

42 Of the Huntsville, Captain Charles Stoddard. 

*3 The New York Journal of Commerce of Friday, November 11, 
1831, contains the following notice: "We learn that the name 'Franklin 
W. Lee' is the property of a young gentleman of high character and 
standing at New Orleans, and now Clerk of the U. S. District Court 
in that city. . . . The assumption of his name by a fellow otherwise 
calling himself Bernard Watson, alias Jones . . . was a bold and wanton 
act. . . " 

TO HIS DAUGHTER. 1831 297 

this ext^ man may be useful to you, also Col. Willetts 
campaigns, with whom I was long & intimately ac- 
quainted. His narratives may be relied on for the truth 
of the Facts. He was one of our earliest & most de- 
voted Whigs. Let me give you one anecdote from his 
lips. His Father [Edward Willett] was as decided a 
Loyalist or Tory as his son was a Whig, & used to tell, 
nothing doubting but that the British w** conquer. 
Marinus you will be hung. When the son took leave of 
his father who remained in the city, he said, My son, I 
never expect to see you again, for you will either be 
killed in battle or hung. At the termination of the Rev^ 
War in the Independence of these U. States, Col. Willett 
embracing his aged parent said. Well Father, here I am, 
neither killed nor hung. How do you like our Inde- 
pendence? I'll tell you my son. When I was a young 
man Governor Clinton invited me to dinner, a high hon- 
our in those days. Not accustomed to meet such great 
folks. I determined to do at table just as they did to 
avoid disgracing myself. After dinner, with the desert. 
Olives were on the Table. Avhich altho' I had read of 
in the Bible. I had never seen before. Every body 
praising them, I took one also, w'' tasted so nauseous 
that I c'' not eat it. I put up my hand to my mouth, 
took it & slily disposed of it, in my pocket. So it is 
Marinus with your Independence, what I can't swallow 
I must pocket. An instructive anecdote which may be 
useful to you on many occasions. As you read this 
veterans narrative, turn to Holmes Annals w'' will aid 
you in fixing events & dates in y"" memory, that when 
you recall & cite you may be accurate. I believe that 
you have got no good authentic hist^ of i^\jnerica either 
Colonial or V States. There is a General Hist^ in the 
Family Library, veiy well spoken off, possibly puffed, 
going thro' the press. If it sh*^ please me I will send a 
copy for my N[ew] 0[rleans] family. It is worse than 
a shame, it is gross, for an American who has any pre- 
tensions to education to be ignorant of his own coun- 


try. More of my day were better informed in the His'' 
of Eng** than of America. . . . 
[Addressed by:] Ship Natchez 

To Mrs. Richard Davidson 
New York, Wed^ W [sic for 16th] Nov., 1831 

The Natchez sails this day, with a fair wind. A 
more sple[ndid] ship never left this port. Also the 
Talma & another ship. We shall hear which beats. On 
board the Natchez you will I hope receive y"" 2** Tub of 
butter, 4 Boxes Digby Herrings, strapped together 
counting 1, 1 small box Chocolate, 1 Box from Sister, 
1 from myself. . . . 

[Thursday, November 17] . . . Your brother went 
down with the passengers as far as Quarantine. Webb, 
the ship builder proceeded in her to the Hook & ref^ in 
the pilot boat. The Natchez was exactly an hour from 
Quarantine to Sandy Hook distance 14 miles w*" she 
reached at 12, so that she must have made a fine ofl&ng 
by sunset. She sails well & will I hope have a short 
run to N. Orleans. . . . Thomas . . is eminently cal- 
culated to make a scientific intelligent manufacturer. 
Next month he is to go from the machine shop where 
he has passed 18 months, into the new Factory erected 
this year, where he is to begin by unripping the Bale 
of Cotton, picking & assorting of it to go thro' all the 
various stages until it is converted into cloth, so as to 
become intimately acquainted with the perfection of 
every process & render himself an expert practical man- 
ufacturer as well as machinest. He has become very 
serviceable, already, to M"" Leonard who begins to entrust 
him with the execution of the business of the con- 
cern. . . . 

Friday l?**" [sic for 18th November] ... I have 
just rec*^ a copy of the Mirror to be published tomor- 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 299 

row, with a beautiful vignette & engraving of the late 
City Hall in Wall S' with an account of it & its prede- 
cessors by myself, w*" I will send to you. Bricks & mor- 
tar are but indifferent subjects for descant, & look better 
in picture than description. However I have endeav- 
oured to connect with it a few historical facts to render 
it somewhat interesting. Altho' read in a few minutes, 
the compilation from the Journals of our Corporation 
cost me several mornings research. If I proceed as so- 
licited to chronicle such prints as may hereafter be pub- 
lished occasionaly in the Mirror, it will afford me some 
occupation, innocent & amusing. My memory being 
tolerable, early impressions & anecdotes are more read- 
ily revived. I am going to say something about the 
Walton Mansion House, "*■* in its day, the proudest pri- 
vate dweling in this city, & remains still a noble monu- 
ment of the best style of building more than three quar- 
ters of a century ago. I must refer to my description 
when it shall appear in print, in the mean time scratch 
my head & collect my thoughts to bring it forth. 

Sat^ [November] 19*". But a moment to say that 
I am going to attend the consecration of the Mission 
Church *'^ by the Title of The Holy Evangelists, under 
the pastoral care of the Rev. M"" Cutler. The pews to 
be entirely Free, the south Gallery reserved for Mariners. 
It is a generous effort and I trust that it will succeed. 
"The Poor have the Gospel preached to them" a lead- 
ing characteri[sti]c of the Christian Religion. I shall 
contribute my mite $15 to constitute me a member of 
"the Prot. Epis^ City Mission." God speed it. 

Monday [November] 2V\ On Saf^ I attended the 
consecration of the Mission Church, w*" was chiefly filled, 
as usual on such occasions, by respectable Females. I 
staid thro' the service & sermon, contributed my mite 
& prayers for its success & got home by 2, where I found 
a card for me from D"" Screven of S° CaroHna. who had 

** Pintard's article on "The Walton Mansion-House. Pearl Street" 
was printed in The New-York Mirror, March 17. 1832. IX, p. 289. 
•*5 In Vandewater Street. 


called in a carriage with a lady, but did not alight. 
After dinner, at 4 I called at M" Man[n']s, his lodgings, 
61 B'^way, he was not in & I left my card. This morn^ 
I called again, after some time the waiter said that the 
Doctor was not within, & that he was going to PhiP 
tomorrow morn^. And here I presume the formality is 
to end. I sh*^ like to have seen the Lieut^ Father, but 
as you kn[ow it] is out of my power to have, as I c^ 
wish, invited him to dinner. Had the Lady been the 
Doctors daughter. Mother & Sister intended to have 
waited on them & asked them to take tea & pass the 

New York, Tues^ 29*'^ Nov., 1831 

. . . This is to go by the Creole Cap* Page to sail, 
weather permitting, Thur^ P' Dec. with a full cargo, but 
no steerage passengers who very much incommode a 
ship. I wish her a speedy & prosperous passage. By 
letters from M"" Foster we learn that the Louisville has 
been much visited & admired as will all [the] rest. The 
owners will I trust be remunerated for their liberal en- 
terprize. What changes in the size & accommod" of 
packets since my beloved childs first adventure by sea to 
N[ew] 0[rleans] now many years gone by. 

Since my last I have been visited, for the first time in 
my long life with a serious fit of illness. I was attacked 
last Monday p. m. by the influenza w^ has prevailed 
throughout this city, sparing neither old nor young, 
stout or weak. I was so dreadfully prostrated the 2 
first days that my situation was thought critical. In- 
deed I thought so myself, and that I had reached the 
term of my existence. I felt perfectly resigned, ready 
nay willing to depart, casting all my doubts & sins at 
the foot of the cross, and looking up to my Redeemer 
alone for hopes of salvation. I was not forsaken in 
the hour of trial and most devoutly thank God for his 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 301 

sustaining mercy. Aly malady has yielded to the skill 
of my Physician, D' Francis, but above all, under Provi- 
dence, to the tender unceasing care & attention of y' 
dear mother. I always heard that she was a most tender 
affec^'' nurse, but I never before experienced. . . . 

Wed^ 30'" Nov. I was quite cheered yest^ p. m. by 
the receipt of my beloved daughters letter of 13'" inst. 
postmark 15'", how rapid the transmission. ... It has 
pleased God to take to himself our beautiful child Louis 
Pintard [Servoss], who died at 7 o'clock this morn^, he 
was born the 18'" Nov. 1830, being aged 1 year & 12 
days. With its dear mother, I am quite overwhelmed. 
The shock to me was greater as tho' complaining I was 
unapprized of his imminent danger. . . . 

Thur'' P' Dec. I am spared my beloved daughter 
to see the light of another day. . . . Poor dear Mother 
who has held out wonderfully is suffering with a violent 
cold & stricture of the chest, I think that Francis calls 
it congestion. . . . This is the stated meeting of the 
Managers of the A[merican] B[ible] S[ociety] from 
w" for the first time in 15 years since I have been Rec^ 
Sec^ that I have been absent from illness. . . . I sh*^ 
mention that Boudy is passing favourably thro the 
measles. Pintard & Richard not yet affected 

1^ p. 1. Francis has taken some blood w" may re- 
lieve poor exhausted dear mother. He assures me that 
there is nothing alarming. . . . 

1/2 p. 4. They are just removing the mortal remains 
of our blessed little Louis to be deposited in our new 
Family Tomb in S' Clements Church. What a con- 
solation that this receptacle was provided in season. 

[Addressed by Ship] Creole 


Broome S' N. Y. Wed^ 14*^ Dec, 1831 

Through divine mercy I am permitted, once again, to 
write to my beloved daughter. . . . 

Boudy has passed thro' the measles, Richard is passing 
thro', & dear delicate Pintard, tho drooping was not 
assailed till last night. ... I must be very careful about 
getting up & more so in going abroad. I hope thro' the 
blessing of God to be enabled to attend Church on 
Xmas day, next Sunday week, and to partake once more 
of the Lords Supper. 

I have the happiness to acknowledge the rec* of my 
beloved daughters letter of 25*^ Ult" by the Louisville, 
a prime sailor w'' made the Light House in 8i/^ days 
from the Balize. Splendid ships indeed, w*" I am pleased 
that you visited with y*" friends, to whom the sight must 
have been quite a treat. With the alteration of Mars- 
dens situation I am gratified. M'" Lea to say the least 
was niggardly & ungrateful. How much my g'^son are 
you indebted to y' kind good brother Johnston. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Huntsville 

Capt. Stoddert 

Broome S* Friday, IG*"^ Dec, 1831 

For the first time since my illness I have passed the 
threshold of my Chamber door. . . . The Huntsville, 
by w*" I wrote on the 14*" c*^ not sail yesf". Whether 
the weather, w*" is easterly, will permit her going to day, 
I shall know when y"" good kind brother returns. She 
was to go at 8 a. m. Possibly she may be towed off, for 
Cap* Stoddert, like Price, is a bold seaman 

Sat^ [December] l?***. Fine day. Mother improv- 
ing, myself gaining strength & dear Pintard going on 
favourably. Thank God for all his infinite mercies to 
us. Cap* Stoddert sailed yest^ The pilot left him 1/2 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 303 

p. 1 making an offing at a great rate. He sent back 
word that he had a noble ship under him. . . . 

[December] 18"' . . . Dear Sister has just left us to 
go to Church, the first time that she has appeared abroad 
& the first time that she has worn weeds for her own 
flesh & blood. The sight quite overpowered me. . . . 

This Sunday, 4'" in Advent, is an Epoch in S' 
Thomas' Church. The rev*^ M' Hawks was unan[i- 
mously] elected Rector last Friday ev^ & enters on his 
Ministry this day. The circumstance is quite a balm to 
my spirits. He called yest-" morn- to visit me. his first 
visit, to any parishioner, as I was sick. It did me good. 
He renewed an acquaintance with me. being introduced 
when in our Sem[inar]y to me 8 years ago. He is a 
learned pious Divine & a very popular preacher. May 
the Lord shine upon him & bless him & enable him to 
resuscitate our prostrate congreg". . . . 

Monday 19*" Dec". . . . Dear Mother has made for 
me a black velvet cap, like my dear venerated old Uncles. 
I c*^ not but exclaime when I beheld myself in the 
glass "Alas! poor old man, have you come to this." I 
found it comfortable & wore it at table. . . . Dear Sister 
went to morn^ Church, where they saw an overflowing 
Congreg". The Rev. M' Hawks gave his intro[ductor]y 
discourse 'T am resolved to know nothing among you 
but Jesus X' & Him Crucified." He made a beautiful 
exposition of the Xt° duties, & sl pathetic applic" to 
his new situation, w" he entered upon with fear & trem- 
bling, not the fear of man but least he sh'' not fulfil the 
duties of a servant of his Master. He preached to very 
g* acceptance both morn" & ev^ when the Church was 
equally crowded. He has many personal followers from 
S' Stephens. He is a very elegant writer ct popular 
preacher. May the Lord lift up the light of his coun- 
tenance upon him & upon his congreg" w*" I have no 
doubt he will resuscitate, & instead of a reproach & a 
by word S* Thomas will become a goodly example to all 
our Churches. I cannot express by gratitude to my 


heavenly Father that I have been spared to see this 
happy event & to enjoy the comfort of friendly inter- 
course with the pastor of my Church. He enters upon 
his duties with zeal & ardour, to Lecture next Thur^ 
ev°, to establish a Bible class the evening following, & 
to meet the Sunday School teachers on Sunday ev^, both 
hitherto unexampled in S' Thomas! Next Lords day he 
is to administer the Holy Sacrament at w*" please God I 
may be present & will prepare with more than usual 

Tues-" [December] 20'^ 

A premature & very piercing winter has stagnated busi- 
ness. The pressure on the money market has never 
been equalled. I know not how y'' good brother gets 
along with all his heavy advances & unsold cotton. The 
northern manufacturers are all bitter. They were blow- 
ing on cotton to depress it lower & postp[one]d their 
purchases. Many of the Factories will have to close, or 
transport cotton all the way by land from N. Y. to Al- 
bany. Not content with rapid sales & large profits, they 
aimed, by combination to get the raw material still 
lower, but are deservedly taken in. 

Thur'' [December] 22"^. Bulletin. Convalescents 
improving. Dear Mother sitting up. Pintard running 
up & down stairs with usual alacrity. I have got out 
of my neat Chamber gown, w'' mother provided for me, 
into my Camblet frock surtout, w*" makes me feel a little 
more like getting wtII. It is to accustom me by de- 
grees to be able please God to go to Church next Sun- 
day. . . . 

[Addressed by Ship] Louisville 

Capt. Price 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 305 

New York, Monday 26'"^ Dec, 1831 

On Saturday the Nashville arrived in 14 d[ays] from 
the Balize. She made Sandy Hook about 8 A. M. but 
a dense Fog prevented sight of land. Only the sound 
of the breakers warned Cap* Rathbone that he was near 
the coast. He proceeded by the sound & the lead, & 
had nearly run down a pilot Boat at anchor. The pilot 
came on board & went under easy sail by the lead until 
the Ship entered the Narrows when the clouds breaking 
away at 10, discovered the first sight of land. Your 
brother had gone to Whitehall to engage a steam boat 
to tow her up, at the rate of $10 an hour, telling the 
master that he expected the Nashville every tide. He 
replied that the Nashville was below, being announced 
on the Bulletin. While they were conversing, here she 
comes, said the Captain, & sure enough it was her, hav- 
ing run up, the Bay luckily being clear of ice with w^ it 
had been before covered. She made fast to the W^harf at 
12 o'clock after this short & propitious arrival. 

I hope that the several boxes arrived safe, & that the 
contents pleased the big & the little children. The joy 
of the latter yest^ morn^' on the arrival of S* Claas with 
his annual gift, I c*^ easily see, in that of our dear chil- 
dren who came down from the nursery to mothers 
room, to examine the contents of their stockings, sus- 
pended at the fire place according to ancient usage, a 
custom w" I hope your dear children will retain & prac- 
tice, as their turn comes to make glad the hearts of their 
little innocents, & to remind them of the rock from w*" 
they were hewn. S' Claas is too firmly rivetted in this 
city ever to be forgotten, or mince pies to be omitted 
on Xmas day. 

Yest'" Xmas, was a mild pleasant day. Thro' Divine 
mercy my earnest wish to make my first appearance 
abroad, in Church & to renew my vows at the foot of the 
altar, was graciously gratified. Sister & myself rode 


there, it being too early for dear mother to venture even 
down stairs. . . . We had an overflowing congregation 
& double or more communicants that ever attended our 
Communion. M"" Hawks preaches to great acceptance 
& in the evening Sister & brother went. The Church 
crowded to excess. Several of our first rate young law- 
yers & others who go to hear eloquent preaching, were 
there. Text, Who are the Wise, who the Scribes, or 
who the Scoffers, w" M"" S[ervoss says] was most ably 
handled & the best discourse that he ever heard in his 
life. Y' sister s^ that notwithstanding the crowd, you 
might have heard a pin drop, all was breathless atten- 
tion. The singing superior & the Church most elegantly 
decorated with Xmas greens, according to our cheerful 
custom. The good Presbyt[erian]s are too gloomy. 
They enter not into our joys. Your dear mother on this 
occasion presented our son as a small tribute of grati- 
tude for all his goodness to us, thro' our late illness, 
with a beautiful diamond breast pin cont^ the hair of 
his dear little Angel, with his decease & age, w" was 
most kindly accepted. I trust hereafter that more cor- 
diality towards him will prevail on her part. . . . 

Broome S^ N. Y., Wed^ 28*^ Dec, 1831 

The Louisville was to have sailed, if possible, this 
day, but an old fashioned snow storm, not violent, will 

Dear Mother is as lively & brisk as ever, assorting her 
clothes for our present state of mourning, w'' in every 
sense ought to be rejoicing, for our blessed little saint 
in Heaven. Miss Maria C. Gouverneur, youngest daugh- 
ter of N[icholas] G[ouverneur] dec*^ was married to 
M"" Cadwallader of Trenton. A good match on both 
sides. She has a handsome fortune. Stephen Girard 
of Phil" died the 25*'' the richest man in the U. S. He 

TO HIS DAUGHTER, 1831 307 

sailed before the mast in my good old uncles employ, 
before 1775. 

Thurs^ [December] 29"" ... It snowed till night 
yest^' mild & level about 8 inches. The sleighing is 
elegant & highly improved. Broadway rings again with 
the merry bells. ... I have been for the first time in 
Wall S*. The streets were shovelled & I walked out & 
home without fatigue. . . . 

Friday SO"" Dec'. An elegant day. superb sleigh- 
ing. B'^way alive. . . . That you may judge of the state 
of our bay, the mail that left this city at 4 P. M. Wed' 
[did] not reach Powlas Hook till 6 a. m. Thur^ being 
all night floating & fast in the ice. The pilot was afraid 
to take the Louisville under charge yest''. A steam Boat 
all ready to tow her out . . . M' S. said that Cap' Price 
hoped to sail this morn^ at 8. He carries a freight within 
1200 as much as the first, 12 cabin & 9 steerage passage 
w^ at this season is marvellous. 

Last ev^ my French Church Vestry to accommodate 
me, met at our house, to appoint a Building Committee, 
with power to contract for building our new Church & 
Parsonage House w*" both will cost, not far from $30,000. 
Perhaps with management we may include an Organ. 
The plan is very handsome & will do us credit as well 
as ornament the city, an object always to be held in 
view, in public edifices, where the funds will hold out. 
I consented to serve on the Com* rather as counsellor 
than an operative member. This consent, w^ I had 
hitherto withheld gratified my colleagues. It may afford 
me amusement sh*^ I live next summer to call & oversee 
the work. When I was recovering I asked myself, for 
what purpose has it pleased God to protract my days. 
I thought probably that I might be an example by my 
upright walk, to my family & fellow citizens. I then 
resolved to lend my name & services as far as health & 
strength w** permit, if called upon, to promote every ob- 
ject of Xt° benevolence & usefulness. This then is the 
first fruits of that humble resolution, w** pleases me the 
rather as it is performing all in my power for the benefit 


of 7ny, for I must still call it mine, French Church. For 
a year or two past I had gradually withdrawn from 
society, more on ace* of my deafness, than diffidence of 
my incapacity. This however may be my weakness, so 
to say. It is better however that my remaining talent 
should wear out, than rust out. God be praised for all 
my endowments such as they are. 

2 p. m. William has just come up from the store. 
He says that the Louisville is to be towed out by two 
steam Boats at 4 o'clock. God speed her. The Rev. M"" 
Bayard is to have a grand sacred Concert this ev^ at 
S* Clements. It promises to be a most favourable ev^ 
& I heartily wish him success. 

Saturday 3P* Dec' 1831. The last day of the Old 
Year. What solemn reflections the word last inspires, 
esp'' to one just raised from the bed of death. . . . The 
Louisville attempted in vain to sail yest^. She was to 
make an effort this morn^ at 7, but on calling at y' 
brothers store I understood that she did not succeed.