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'f. 3oo./3 .\ 101 






1751 — ^1790. 



^10 . /. 1^^ ■ 




Entered aooordlng to Aet ofCongnM, In the jmr 1808^ 


In the a«rk*s Offiee of the Dlitrict Cunrt of the Uoitod BtatM Ibr the Boatboni 

Diitrlct of New York. 

260 copies printed Octavo^ 
10 " ** Quarto 


The followiDg letters have been selected from a namber 
formerly id the possession of William Temple Franklin, and 
now belonging to Dr. Franklin Bache. These and the papers 
which have been for several years in the possession of the 
American Philosophical Society were formerly parts of the 
same collection. 

It does not seem necessary to add any thing more than a 
few words respecting the writers : 

Abiah, the daughter of Peter Folger, and the second wife 
of Josiah Franklin, was born in the Island of Nantucket, Au- 
gust 15, 1667, and died in Boston in the early part of 1752. 

Mary Stevenson was the daughter of Mrs. Margaret Steven- 
son, whose house in Craven-street, London, was Dr. Franklin's 
home during his long residence in England. Miss Stevenson 
married Dr. William Hewson, and after his death came to 
America with her family. 

Mrs. Deborah Franklin's birthday cannot now be ascer- 
tained. She married Dr. Franklin September 1, 1730, and 
died December 19, 1774. We are indebted to the publishers 
of Franklin's Works for the portrait of Mrs. Franklin. 

Her only daughter, Sarah, was born September 11, 1744, 
married Richard Bache October 29, 1767, and died October 
8, 1808. Mrs. Ellet's ** Women of the Revolution" contains a 
sketch of her life partly by the author of these lines. The 
likeness in the present work is from the portrait of her painted 
by Hopner, during her visit to England in 1792. Mr. Sully 
has mnde two admirable copies of this portrait. 

Jane Mecom, the youngest and favorite sister of Dr. Frank- 


lin, was born in Boston, March 27, 1712, and at fifteen years 
of age, July 27, 1727, was married to Edward Mecom, by 
whom she had twelve children. She survived her brother 
about four years. The granddaughter Jane, mentioned in 
some of her letters, still survives, and at the age of ninety-four 
retains the possession of all her mental faculties. 

William Franklin, born in 1720 or 1730, was the Royal 
Governor of New Jersey, took the side of the mother country 
during the Revolution, and was an active Tory partisan. Af- 
ter the war he retired to England, where he received a pen- 
sion until his death in 1813. 

Dr. Franklin's son-in-law, Richard Bache, was the eight- 
eenth child of William Bache, of Settle, in the West Riding 
of Yorkshire, where he was born September 12, 1737. He 
came to America when about twenty-one years of age, and 
became an active and successful merchant In 1776, he suc- 
ceeded Dr. Franklin as Postmaster-General, which post he 
filled until January, 1782. lie died July 29, 1811. 

Of Miss Dorothea Blunt nothing more can now be ascer- 
tained, than that she was a friend of the Stevenson family, 
and that her mother was called Lady Blunt. She is men* 
tioned in Dr. Franklin's "Craven-street Journal," and in his 
letters to Mrs. Hewson. 

Catherine Ray, afterwards Mrs. Greene, was a resident of 
Block Island, and, after her marriage, of Warwick, in the 
State of Rhode Island. There are many letters to her in Dr. 
Franklin's works. 

Eliza, the wife of Gov. William Franklin, was an English 
lady by birth. Her maiden name was Downes. 

Mi-s. Eliza Partridge, whose maiden name was Hubbard, 
was the step-daughter of Dr. Franklin's brother John. 

Benjamin Mecom was one of the sons of Mrs. Jane Mecom. 


Pbiladbpbia, Dec. 1, 1868. 



Mrs. Abiah Franklik, 1751 9 

Miss Mart Stevenson, 1760 11 

Mrs. Franklin, 1765 13 

Miss Sarah Franklin, 1765 14 

Mrs. Franklin, 1765 16 

Miss Sarah Franklin, 1765 18 

Mrs. Franklin, 1765 20 

" " 1765 21 

" «* 1765 23 

Miss Sarah Franklin, 1766 28 

Mrs. Jane Mecom, 1766 29 

Willlam Franklin, 1767 32 

** " 1767 86 

Mrs. Franklin, 1768 40 

WiLUAM Franklin, 1769 41 

** " 1769 45 

SEMBLY, 1769 46 

6 ooirrENTS. 


Mrs. Frankuk, 1772 61 

^ Richard Bacbs, 1772 52 

y Miss D. Blunt, 1773 53 

** « " 1773 56 

Richard Bachb, 1774 57 

WiLUAM Franklin, 1774 59 

Mrs. Mkcom and Mrs. Greene, 1775 62 

^ Mrs. Catherine Greene, . . . .1776 • . 68 

Mrs. Elizabeth Franklin, . . . .1776 70 

Mrs. Catherine Greene, .... 1776 71 

^ Mrs. Sarah Bachs, 1777 73 

y Mrs. Eliza Partridge, 1777 75 

Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1778 77 

Mrs. Jane Mecom, 1778 81 

Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1778 84 

Mrs. Eliza Partridge, 1778 88 

Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1770 91 

Mrs. Jane Mecom, 1779 94 

« " ** 1779 96 

u u u 1779 99 

" " " 1779.' 102 

Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1779 105 

a u u 1779 109 

« « " 1779 Ill 

" ^ " 1779 113 

Mrs. Jane Mecom, 1781 115 

****** 1781 116 



Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1781 118 

Mrs. Eliza Partridge, 1781 120 

Master Wiluam Bache, . . . .1763 T 122 

Mrs. Jane Mecom, 1783 123 

Mrs. Sarah Bache, 1783 126 

« « « 1783 127 

« " " 1784 128 

Mrs. Jake Mbcom, 1784 130 












• 151 







Mrs. Jane Collab, 1788 166 

























H •»• 



























ft ,, , 




, 1787 












8 G0KTENT8. 

Mrs. Jane Mkcom, 1788 169 

« " « 1788 171 

" " "^ 1789 174 

« *« ** 1789 175 

u u u 1790 179 


Mrs. Mbcom to Mrs. Franklin, .... 1758 188 

Benj. Mkcom TO " « ....1761 184 

Mrs. Mkcom to «* •* . . • . 1766 186 

Sarah Franklin to Wm. Franklin, 1766 189 

«* « «« U U l^JQQ 191 

Mrs. Mkcom to Mrs. Franklin, .... 1770 192 



5 •i-l'-9- :« 

.*:« ■ ■>, 

■S- -S- -S- -S- :g: -S- •«■ ;^ 






BoBiojr, Oct. 14 [1751]. 
Loving Sok and Daughter : 

I did not write to you last post, but it was be- 
cause I was taken with the stomach-ache so bad all 
day that I could not sit up to write on any account. 
My cousin Kesiah Coffin was here last week, and she 
was Sony that the works and letter was not yet printed. 
She bid me tell you that she should be glad [to know] 
how soon you could do them, for she wants to have a 
few of them very much. My cousin Henry Coffin is 
gone to your place. I am afraid he will get the small- 
pox there. I desire you would advise him not to go 
anywhere [where] you know or think it has been ; and 
if you have any business with him, send him away as 
fast as you can. I am glad to hear you are so well 
respected in your town for them to choose you an 
Alderman,^ altho' I don't know what it means, or 

* This election was by the Common Connci] of Philadelphia on 
the Ist of October, 1761. 


what the better you will be of it besides the honour of 
it. I hope you will look up to God, and thank him 
for all his good providences towards you. He has 
granted you much in that place, and I am very thank- 
ful for it. I hope that you will carry well, so that you 
may be liked in all your posts. I am very weak and 
short-breathed, so that I can't sit up to write much, 
altho' I sleep well a-nights and my cough is better, 
and I have a pretty good stomach to my victuals. 
Pray excuse my bad writing and inditing, for all tell 
me I am too old to write letters. I can hardly see, 
and am grown so deaf that I can hardly hear any 
thing that is said in the house. Love and service to 
all friends, from your loving mother, 

Abtah Fsanklin. 

P. S. Mother says she an't able, and so I must tell 
you myself that I rejoice with you in all your pros- 
perity, and doubt not but you will be greater blessings 
to y* world as he bestows upon you greater honours. 

J. M.^ 

1 Thte P. 8. is from Mrs. Juie Meoom, Dr. FrankUn's youngest 
and favorite sister. 





Dbatoot [England], Sept. 16, 1760. 
Mt Dbar Sir : 

Such a letter is indeed the highest compliment. 
What you concluded it with I should think too far 
strained to be sincere, if I did -not flatter myself it 
proceeded from the wannth of your affection, which 
makes you see merit in me that I do not possess. It 
would be too great vanity to think I deserve the en- 
comiums you give me, and it would be ingratitude to 
doubt your sincerity. Continue, my indulgent friend, 
your favourable opinion of me, and I will endeavour to 
be what you imagine me. 

I implore your pardon, dear sir, for asking you the 
reason before I could assure you of the fact. I prom- 
ise never again to abuse the liberty you grant me in 
such a manner. For tho' my chief aim is attain'd 
when I can procure a letter from you, I will be care- 
ful to avoid impertinence, lest you should at last be 
wearied with it, and no longer regard me. I confess 
it was not from my own observation the water at Bris- 
tol, tho' cold at the spring, became warm by pumping : 
I had only heard that it was so. If it is a fact that 
the water is warmer after they have pumped for some 
time, I should account for it in this manner: the 
water, I imagine, springs warm, but being kept long 
in the well grows cold ; after they have pumped some 


time, the water which was in the well is exhausted, 
and what they then pump is fresh from the spring. 
This, I apprehend, may be the cause of the water's 
being warmer after they have drawn a great quantity. 
It is, I own, great assurance in me to say so much, 
but I hope it will not oflfend my dear and honoured 
friend. The familiar, agreeable manner in which you 
deliver instruction renders it easy and pleasant, but 
you must bear patiently with me if I do not always 
comprehend things as clearly as might be expected. 
I still conceive that the rising of the tides in rivers is 
not owing to the immediate influence of the moon on 
them, but produced from the efifect it has upon the 
sea, which is communicated to them in a weaker de- 
gree. But I hope soon to have the pleasure of seeing 
you, or, if I cannot have that happiness, I shall take 
an opportunity of writing to you again ; therefore 1 
will not add to the length of this letter. I could not 
forbear returning my earliest thanks for the charming 
letter I received yesterday ; and am always ready to 
lay hold of the privilege you give me of subscribing 
myself (tho' I acknowledge it is too presumptuous), 
Your sincerely affectionate friend, 

M. Stevenson. 



[Pbiladklphia], Feb. y* 10 [1765]. 

I am set down to confab a little with my dear child, 
as it seems a sort of a holyday, for we have an ox a- 
roasting on the river, and most people seem pleased 
with the aifair ; but as I partake of none of the di- 
versions, I stay at home, and flatter myself that the 

next packet will bring me a letter from you. 
« » « « « 

We have nothing stirring among us but pamphlets 

and scurrility, but I have never said or done any thing, 

or any of our family, you may depend on it, nor shall 

we. All our good friends call on us as usual, and we 

have been asked out, but I have not gone, but Sally* 

has within this month, but she was at Billy's' almost 

seven weeks. 

* « # « » 

Now a little of what happens. Dr. White of Ger- 
mantown died this week. Mr. Plumsted, in coming 
from New York, had liked to be drowned : he fell in 
seven times. He gave a man ten pounds to pull him 
over the river on a board, lying flat down. He was 
in that condition for two hours, but got home well, 
and not any cold, as I hear of. Now for a very good 
piece of news. Our governor gave in money to the 
poor ten pounds, and forty cords of wood, which is 

> Her danghter Sarah, afterwards Mrs. Bache. 
* Gk>Y. William Franklin, of New Jersey. 



worth sixty pounds and more, as it is sold now. Yon 
don't know how everybody loves him, and we think 
our governor is a king-bird. 

Feb. y«21. 


The Southern post is not come in, nor has the Vir- 
ginia mail for more than two months. 

* * * * * 

Since I wrote the above, Mr. Hall came in with the 
Maryland papers. No Virginia mail. Mr. Hall de- 
sired to be remembered to you. My love to Mrs. 
Stephenson. It would be needless to mention those 
names, as everybody desires to be remembered to 

I am, my dear child, your affectionate wife, 

D. Fbankun. 



[Philadelphia, May 80, 1766.] 
Honoured Sir:' 

I take it particularly kind of you to write to me 
at a time when I know you must have so much busi- 
ness on your hands. However, I hope 'tis happily 

* This was the style in which all children addressed their parents 
a hundred years ago. It was a mark of respect, not of rusticity, as 
was supposed by the writer in the North American Review who re- I 

viewed Mrs. Ellet's *' Women of the Revolution." This form of \ 

respect for parents has disappeared, and, unfortunately, much of the j 

substance has gone with it. 


settled before this, and that we shall have the satisfac- 
tion of seeing you here in the fall, which we long for. 

As I know my dear papa likes to hear of weddings, 
I will give him a list of my acquaintance that has 
entered the matrimonial state since his departure : — 
Mr. Shee to Miss Lawrence; Mr. Clymer to Miss 
Meredith ; young Coats to Miss Hughes ; Mr. Martin, 
of Maryland, to Miss Betsy Bond — ^it was a sudden 
thought ; Mr. Sewill to Miss Kennersly. Miss Keple, 
our neighbour, is married, but I do not know her 
mate. Don't you think we make a figure ? Besides, 
there is a great many that are just going to be married. 

The Commencement began tliis morning. Doc. 
Morgan made public his plan for forming a physical 
school in the college. ^ I send you the dialogue that 
is to be performed to-morrow. 

« -Sfr •»& « « 

I am pleased to hear Miss Stevenson wears my 
work, and wish it was more worthy of the wearer. 
Pray give my love to Mrs. Stevenson and her daugh- 
ter. I see the girls this morning, and they begged 
me to send their love to you ; they were much pleased 
that you mentioned them. 

I am, my dear Papa, your dutiful daughter, 

Sallt Franxxik. 

Philad., May 80. 

' Dr. John Morgan was one of the founders of the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania, the oldest medical school in 
the Colonies. 



[Philadelphia, Sept. 22, 1765.] 
Mt Dear Child : 

I have received yours by Capt. Friend, and 
one which was to have come by N. York and by the 
packet, and yesterday by Capt. Cotin ; they all give 
me pleasure, indeed, and I love to hear from you. I 
am so very poor a writer that I don't undertake to 
say any thing about the discord in this part of the 
world ; but to me it seems we are very wicked, and so 
is the people in London and other places on your side 
of the water. I pray God mend us all. 

Tou will see by the papers what work has happened 
in other places, and something has been said relative 
to raising a mob in this place. I w^as for nine days 
kept in a continual hurry by people to remove, and 
Sally was persuaded to go to Burlington for safety ; 
but on Monday last we had very great rejoicings on 
account of the change of the ministry, and a prepara- 
tion for bonfires at night, and several houses threat- 
ened to be pulled down. Cousin Davenport came 
and told me that more than twenty people had told 
him it was his duty to be with me. I said I was 
pleased to receive civility from anybody, so he staid 
with me some time ; towards night I said be should 
fetch a gun or two, as we had none. I sent to ask 
my brother to come and bring his gun also, so we 
[turned] one room into a magazine ; I ordered some 


sort of defence np-stairs, such ae I coald manage mj- 

Belf. I said when I was advised to remove, that I was 

very sure you had done nothing to hurt anybody, nor 

had I given any offence to any person at all, nor wonld 

I be made uneasy by anybody, nor would I stir or show 

the least uneasiness, but if any one came to disturb 

me I would show a proper resentment, and I should 

be very much affronted with anybody. Bally was 

gone witli Hiss Boss to see Captain Beal's daughter, 

and heard the report there, and came home to be 

with me ; but I had sent her word not to come. I 

was told that there were eight hundred men ready to 

assist any one that should be molested. 

« « « « « 

Billy came down to ask us up to Burlington. I 

consented to Sally's going, but I will not stir, as I 

really don't think it would be right in me to stir or 

show the least uneasiness at all. 

* « « * « 

I am in hopes to tell you by Friend that the lot is 
settled, and the wall finished, but it lies open on that 
side ; indeed, I was afraid to have it done, as we had 
been ejected if it would not have been a trespass ; in- 
deed I am afraid of giving any offence, and content 

myself with thinking whatever is is best. 

« « * « « 

It is past three o'clock ; I have only to tell you who 
was so good as to visit me on last Monday night: 
Cousin Davenport, my brother, F. Foxcraft, Mr. 

IS LxrriTBS ix> tsaxkus 

Wharton, sen- — ^he came past eight o'clock, on hoise* 
back — his eon Sammv, Mr. Bavnton, Mr. S. Khodes 
— thcT offered to stay aU ni^rht, bat I bejrsed thev 
would not lest they ghonld get gick — ^mr three cousins 
Larcocks and Mr. Hall, neighbour Shoemakers &>ns, 
neighbour Wistar^s son, and more of the neighbours. 
Young Dr. Tennent, who came home in Friend f s ves- 
Bel], came and offered me all the assistance in his 
power ; I thanked him. I should not forget Mr. John 
Bose and brother Swan. It is Mr. Saml. Smith that 
is setting the people mad by telling them it was von 
that had planned the Stamp Act, and that jon are en- 
deavouring to get the Test Act brought over here ; but 
as I don't go much to town, I maybe shall be easy for 
awhile after the election is over, but till that I must 
be disturbed. I shall send your letter by Friend. 
God bless and keep you is the prayer of, 

Yours, forever, 

D. FKaHKLor. 


Oct 14th [1765]. 

HovouBBD Sib: 

I returned from Burlington last ni^t, where I 
have been at mamma's very particular desire. I left 
my brother very well. Sister is very poorly. 

Cousin Laycock was found dead in her bed yester- 
day morning without any illness. Your friend, Joseph 


Morris, has passed meeting with Samuel Mitchell's 
daughter. She has a fine fortune. Our neighbour 
Keple's son is married to the greatest fortune in Penn- 
sylvania, Miss Groce, of Lancaster, whom they used 
to call the galleon. This is all the news I have heard. 
The subject now is the Stamp Act, and nothing else 
is talked of: the Dutch talk of the stampt ack, the 
negroes of the tamp ; in short, everybody has some- 
thing to say. 

Captain Oumy took a white satin to be dyed for 
me, whatever colour Mrs. Stevenson should choose. I 
must beg of that good lady to give directions for hav- 
ing it made ; I now send the measures. Nothing was 
ever more admired than my new gown. The patterns 
were of great service to the young women who worked 
for me. I think myself much obliged for them. 

I am going to ask my papa for some things that I 
can't get here ; but must beg, if I am troublesome, 
he would send * * * to me : 'tis some gloves, both 
white and mourning, the last to be the largest. I have 
sent one that fits me best, but that must be a straw's 
breadth bigger in the arm, for I never had a pair in 
my life that fitted me there. Some lavender from 
Smyth, in Old Bond-street, and some tooth-powder from 
Green & Butles, in Ludgate-street : sister is to have 
some of the two latter. I have also a request to make 
you for Cousin Debby, to get a glass like the one en- 
closed in a box which Captain Friend will deliver to 
you. It belonged to somebody else, and she had the 


misfortune to break it Mamma desired me to tell yon 
that she had not seen the Captain to get a receipt, but 
that she had shipped you some apples and cranberries. 

There is not a young lady of my acquaintance but 
what has desired to be remembered to you. 

I am, my dear, your yery dutiful daughter, 

Sallt Fsankldt. 


Pim.Amr«nA, Nor. y 8, 1766. 

The dreadful first of November is over, and not so 

much disorder as was dreaded. I am ashamed of 

many of our citizens, but I think you are informed by 

better hands than I am. 

« « « « • 

I saw a letter from Mr. Colden,^ wherein he says 
they had a mob the night before, and there was one 
threatened to be that night to pull down his office ; 
that his wife and children were gone to the Fort in 
order to escape the insults of the mob. But I hope it 
will blow over without any damage, as the threaten- 
ings of the tools hare done here. So, my dear, you 
see how ready we are to follow the fashion of the 
English folks. I have often thought what a mercy it 
was that it is only those here that seem dissatisfied 

» Of New York. 


which think and call themselves the better sort, and 
that we can turn out six or seven hundred honest, 
good tradesmen to convince them that they are but 
mere botchers. The head of our mob is about three 
persons, two or three doctors, [and] your countryman 
S. Smith, whom I really pity, as I believe he will kill 
himself with his own ill-nature. Mr. Tillmon has 
been very active, and got himself heartily despised, 
for which I can't help being pleased in some measure, 
but I don't trouble myseK, as I don't live in the same 
city ; so if I stay at home I may be as happy as pos- 
sible, while you are not here to make me quite so. I 

hope you are not to stay longer than the spring. 
# # « « # 

I am to tell you that numbers of your good friends 

desire their love to you, almost all Philadelphia, for 

it is but a very few that don't like you. It is almost 

dark. I am obliged to conclude ; and am 

Your affectionate wife, 

D. Fbankuk. 

Kovember y 7, 1766. 

This day makes a year since you left home. 


[fUlof 1766q 

As I am alone at this time, I sit down to chat a little 
with you, though I have not any thing extraordinary 
to say. I have had Parker here for three weeks un- 

22 LSTTEBS TO fbanklut 

der a violent fit of the gout in his limbs and the 
Btomach — ^he sajB, his heart ; I say it was the Stamp 
Act or the illness of his son ; but be it as it will, he 
is better, and went home yesterday morning. 
« # « « « 

Brother Peter, I think, is very poorly ; but as he is 
a doctor he cures himself many times a day, but looks 
very miserable indeed, so that everybody that sees 
him tells me how he looks. I was told within this 
week that he was unwell. I went over, he was in his 
chamber. I went up to see him ; he wondered that 
anybody could say that he was unwell, and began to 
adminiJBter or prescribe to me. I said I wished he 
would be advised by me and live like me, and look 
like my pappy and me ; but his knowledge is so su- 
perior to mine, I could not persuade him to follow my 

The pent-house is done. I paid above six pounds 

for shingles and some other things ; so you see that 

when a house is done, there is much to be done after. 
« 4f •» * « 

I have had all the rubbish of the lime conveyed to 
the [farm], and sent George to spread it over the pas- 
ture with what ashes we have made. Qeorge is for 
my planting an orchard at pasture, but we dififered in 
sentiments : then he is for my getting workmen and 
masonry to build a bridge over the run, as it will be 
more easy to step over ; we dififer in that also : indeed. 


his marriage is of no service to him or any one else ; 
bat one thing I believe, there is like to be no more 
Georges, which is some comfort to me. I add no 
more on that head. Sally is gone to the Assembly 
to dance with a friend of Mayor Small's. 

(The conclusion of this letter la lost.] 


[FWl of 1766 f] 
« « « « « 

When you went from home, Billy desired to take 
some more of yonr books than what you laid out, so I 
got him a trunk to take them up in ; and as the shelves 
look pretty empty, I took down the rest and dusted 
them, and had the shelves taken down and put up in 
the south garrets in the new house,' and Miss Elmer 
and myself put them up. I took all the dead letters 
and papers that were in the garret and put them into 
boxes, barrels, and bags, as I did not know in what 

* Portions of this letter, written on several sheets, are lost. 

> Hie house described in this letter, which was built by Mrs. 
Franklin, and in which Dr. Franklin lived after his return from 
Europe, and died therein, was situated at the head of what was 
afterwards Franklin Court, about two thirds of the way south of 
Ifarket-street. After his return he added a wing for his Ubrary. 
The whole house was taken down in 1812, when Franklin Ck>urt 
was built. 


manner you would liave ehelves in your room. Now 
this I did for several reasons : one, as it did employ 
my mind and keep me very busy, and as the weather 
was pretty good, and I should make room if Mrs. 
Franklin should come to town to stay any time, I was 
ready to receive her. Now for the room we call 
yours: therais in it your desk, the harmonica made 
like a desk, a large chest with all the writings that 
were in your room down-stairs, the boxes of glass for 
musick and for the electricity, and all your clothes 
and the pictures, as I don't drive nails lest it should 
not be right. Salley has the south room two pair of 
stairs ; in it is a bed, a bureau, a table, a glass, and the 
picture she used to have in her room, a trunk and 
books, but these you can't have any notion of. The 
north room Nancy took for her own use, and I can't 
tell much about it, only it has a bed and curtains, and 
it is kept locked. I never saw it but once, I think, 
except when she was ill. The blue room has the har- 
monica and the harpsichord in it, the gilt sconce, a 
card-table, a set of tea-china I bought since you went 
from home, the worked chairs and screen, a very hand- 
some mahogany stand for the tea-kettle to stand on, 
and the ornamental china ; but the room is not as yet 
finished, for I think the paper has lost much of the 
bloom by pasting of it up, therefore I thought best to 
leave it till you came home : the curtains are not made, 
nor did I press for them, as we had a very great num- 
ber of flies, as it is observed they are very fond of new 


paint The south room I sleep in, with mj Susannah, 
a bed without curtains, a chest of drawers, a table, a 
glass and old black- walnut chairs, some books in my 
closet, and some of our family pictures. In the front 
room, which I designed for * * ♦ *, I had the bed 
which you sent from England, a chamber mahogany 
table and stand : in the room downnstairs is the side- 
board that you bespoke, which is very handsome and 
plain, with two tables made to suit it, and a dozen of 
chairs also. I sold to Mr. Foxcraft the tables we had, 
as they did not suit the room by any means. The 
patterns of the chairs are a plain horsehair, and look 
as well as a paddusoy ; everybody admires them. The 
little south room I had papered, as the walls were 
much soiled ; in that is a pretty card-table and our 
chairs that used to stand in the parlour, and orna- 
mental china over the fire-place ; on the floor, a carpet 
I bought cheap for the goodness ; it is not quite new. 
The large carpet is in the blue room ; the fire not 
made yet. In the room for our friends the picture of 
the Earl of Bute is hung up, and a glass. This is but 
a very imperfect account. In the parlour there is a 
Scotch carpet which was found much fault with, and 
your timepiece stands in one comer, which is all 
wrong, I am told ; so then I tell them we shall have 
all these as they should be when you come home. As 
to curtains, I leave it to you to do as you like your- 
self ; or if, as we talked before you went away, if you 
could meet with a Turkey carpet I should like it, but 


if not I shall be very easy, as all these things are be- 
come quite indifferent to me at this time ; but, since 
you do BO kindly inquire what things I want, I will 
tell you that when Mrs. Franklin came to town and 
went to the assembly, Salley had nothing fit to wear 
suitable to wait on her; and as I never shoiild have 
put on in your absence any thing good, I gave Salley 
my new robe as it wanted very little altering : I should 
be glad if you would bring me a plain satin gown, 
and if our cousin would make me a little lace of a 
proper width for a cape or two, I should like it m it 
was their making, and a light cloke such as you sent 
for Salley, but it must be bigger than hers. I should 
have had that, but it was too small for me. In the 
north room we sit, as it is not quite finished yet, as the 
doors are not up ; we have a table and chairs, and the 
small book-case, brother John's picture, and the king 
and queen's picture, and a small Scotch carpet on the 
floor. I desire you to remember drinking-glasses and 
a large table-cloth or two when you come, but I shan't 
want them till then. If you should meet with a pair 
of silver canisters 1 should like it ; but as you please, 
every thing I have mentioned. When I say doors, it 
is the closet doors ; they are glazed, but it was 
imknown to me; they are in your room. I shall 
count the panes, and send to you. The crane was 
put up this week, and not before ; the rails not done 
as yet, but promised soon to be done. O my child, 
there is great odds between a man's being at home 


and abroad; as everybody is afraid they shall do 
wrong, BO every thing Is left undone. 

Salley is still at Burlington. I wrote her that Capt. 
Friend would sail this week. I hope she writes to 
you. Capt. Oney took with him her white satin to 
have made fit to wear again. I don't know whether 
she ever wrote about it or no. Have you ever seen 
Capt. Oney? has he arrived? My compliments to 
our good Mrs. and Miss Stephenson, and all friends as 
those mentioned. 

I have counted the panes in the doors ; there are 
eight in each door, besides the pieces at top the largest 
size. I will get Mr. Khodes to take measure of the 
fireplaces and the pier for a glass* All the chimneys 
that I have used are very good. I have baked in the 
oveU) and it is good. The same man lives in [the] 
house that did where I bought it^ but I don't know his 
name. He paid 26 pounds a-year, but now the lot is 
taken off, but he's never spoke to me, nor, as he is a 
Dutchman, I have not spoke to him, only to make a 
water^tube for the area. The pest-house is not done, 
nor the steps, as the lot is not settled. I fear you have 
not received all my letters. I told you Mr. Khodes 
thought it best not to dig a vault, but I shall see him 
this evening if I can, but I don't go out anywhere if 
I can help it 



Philasilphia, March 28 [1766 f] 


Our dear friend Mtb. Smyth, after an iUnesB of 
five months and six days, expired yesterday morning. 
In the whole time she had not been out of bed a quar- 
ter of an hour at a time, so thankful she was for any 
thing her friends did for her, and patient to a miracle. 
Poor Mrs. Duffleld and poor mamma are in great dis- 
tress ; it must be hard to lose a friend of fifty years' 
standing ; but when we saw her in such extreme pain, 
it would have been selfish to wish her stay when so 
much happiness awaited her. 

Mrs. Graeme has lost her only sister, Mrs. Stedman, 
who died a week or two ago. I write the bad news 
first, as it is uppermost in my thoughts. 


I met Mr. Kead of Burlington last evening. He 
told me he had been down to Gapt. Egdon's wreck, 
and among the things he saw a parcel of nice wax- 
work fruit, which the Capt. told him was put on board 
by Dr. Franklin for his daughter. He then had a box 
made for it (for the things had been strangely hauled 
about), packed it carefully, and it was coming round. 
I told him I was much obliged to him for his kind- 
ness, but did not think it belonged to me, as I was 
sure you would have mentioned it if you had sent it. 


We have heard by a round-about way that the 
Stamp Act is repealed. The people seem determined 
to believe it, tho' it came from Ireland to Maryland. 
The bells rang, we bad bonfires, and one house was 
illuminated. Indeed, I never heard so much noise in 
my life, the very children seem distracted. I hope 
and pray the noise may be true. As your time is 
now taken up so much, a short letter will be more 
agreeable than a long one. I beg leave, therefore, to 
conclude with my love to Mrs. Stevenson and Miss, 
and my love and duty to you. 

I am, as ever. 

Your dutiful daughter, 



[BoflTOir, Not. 8, 1766.] 

Ton once told me, my dear brother, that as. our 
number of brethren and sisters lessened, the affections 
of those of us that remain should increase to each 
other. You and I only are now left; my affection 
for you has always been so great I see no room for 
increase, and you have manifested yours to me in 
such large measure that I have no reason to suspect 
its strength, and, therefore, know it will be agreeable 
to you to hear that myself and the children I have the 
care of are in no worse situation than when I last 
wrote you, and should rejoice to hear the same of 


you, since I understand by Bister you were in an ill 
state of health, and thought proper to travel for the 
recovery of it. I hope in Qod you have recovered it, 
and will live long to make your enemies ashamed. 
Tour answers to the Parliament are thought by the 
best judges to exceed all that has been wrote on the 
subject, and, being given in the manner they were, 
are a proof they proceeded from principle, and suffi- 
cient to stop the mouths of all gainsayers. The vile 
pretended letter, which no doubt you have seen, gave 
me some uneasiness when I heard of it before I could 
get a sight of it, as considering where a great deal of 
dirt is flung some is apt to stick ; but when I read it I 
saw it was filled with such barefaced falsehoods as 
confuted themselves. Their treatment of you, among 
other things, makes the world appear a miserable 
world to me, notwithstanding your good opinion of it; 
for, would you think it, our General Court has sat 
almost a fortnight, chiefly on the subject of indemni- 
fying the sufierers by the late mobs, and can't get a 
vote for it, though they sit late in the evening, and 
the friends of it strive hard to get it accomplished. I 
have six good, honest old souls who come groaning 
home day by day at the stupidity of their bretliren. 
I can't help interesting myself in the case, and feel in 
mere panics till they have brought the matter to a 

I write this in hopes you will be in England when 
this gets there, and that you will find time to write 


me a few lines by the bearer, Captain Freeman, when 
he returns. 

And I have a small request to ask, though it is too 
trifling a thing for you to take care of: Mrs. Stevenson, 
I don't doubt, will be so good as to do it if you will give 
her the materials. It is to procure me some fine old 
linen or cambric (as a very old shirt or cambric handker- 
chiefs), dyed into bright colors, such as red and green, 
a little blue, but chiefly red ; for, with all my own 
art, and good old uncle Benjamin's memorandums, I 
can't make them good colors ; and my daughter Jenny, 
with a little of my assistance, has taken to making 
flowers for the ladies' heads and bosoms with pretty 
good acceptance, and if I can procure those colors, I 
am in hopes we shall get something by it worth our 
pains if we live till spring. It is no matter how old the 
linen is — ^I am afraid you never have any bad enough. 

Present my compliments to Mrs. Stevenson, and 
excuse my presuming to give her this trouble. 

I have had a respectful letter from Governor Frank- 
lin this summer, with a present of six barrels of flour, 
amounting to sixty odd pounds, old tenor, which was 
a great help to me, and his notice of me a great satis- 
faction. All our relations and friends here are well 
as usual. My daughters desire their duty to you. 

I am, dear brother, your ever affectionate sister, 

Jane Mecom. 

[Endorsement on the above letter in Dr. Franklin's handwriting — 
'* Sister Mecom. Nov. 8, 1766. Answered by Captain Freeman, and 
sent a box of millinery."] 


ker comes this way I will get him to fix a value on 
that and the old press. 

I am much obliged to you for procuring the col- 
lectorship for my friend KoUock. I have wrote him 
that it was obtained by a friend of mine to whom I 
had applied in his behalf; and have taken pains to 
inculcate among our friends your aversion to engage 
in such applications while you continue agent. The 
reasons you urge for its not being known that you had 
any hand in the affair are undoubtedly of great 
weight, and I have contrived it so that it is generally 
suspected that I obtained it through Mr. Cooper, with 
whom many here have heard that I was acquainted 
in England. The David Hall you mention is a mem- 
ber of Assembly for Sussex, and had the Prop'y in- 
terest to procure the office. As the Proprietor has 
failed in his application, I suppose the party would, 
if they thought his want of success was owing to you, 
make such another outcry as they did when they 
were disappointed in getting the coUectorship of New 
Castle for one Morris, in whose behalf they had 
greatly interested themselves. Morris's friends and 
the Proprietor wrote over that you had got the office 
for Walker (I think his name is), and that they were 
so informed at the Treasury. This was generally be- 
lieved to be truth, and you were much abused for 
using your interest for a dlomken fellow and a stran- 
ger when you might have got it for some man of 
character on this side of the water, or let the Pro- 


prietor have procured it for some sucli ; that your not 
doing this was making a wanton use of your interest, 
merely with the view of thwarting the Proprietor, 
&c., &c. But when the man arrived and heard these 
reports, he declared that he was not even known to 
you, and) I have [heard], told many that he owed his 
place to Mr. Trecothic, as you wrote me. But the 
Propr'y party, notwithstanding, persevere in declar- 
ing that you got it for him, and that they have letters 
which mention it. I suppose the Proprietor had 
heard of the application you made for that office in 
behalf of some friend, and concluded, when the ap- 
pointment was made, that Walker was the man. 

As to the fees which you have paid, or may pay, 
on account of Mr. Kollock's commission, I will be 
answerable to you for them, and should be glad you'd 
acquaint me what they are. 

Governor Wentworth visited me on his journey 
home, and lay a night at my house. I next morning 
accompanied him as far as Trenton Falls, where we 
spent the day a-lishing, and supped together. I think 
lum a very sensible, easy, agreeable gentleman. 

[The oonclusion of this letter is loet] 



BuRLmOTON, Oct. 28d, 1767, Friday. 
Hon'd Father: 

I wrote to you yesterday in a hurry on hearing 
that the packet was to sail from New York to-mor- 
row, but my letter got over to Bristol too late for the 
post, who, it seems, missed his Tuesday's stage, and 
did not get into Philadelphia till Wednesday, and the 
postmaster kept him till Thursday morning, and then 
dispatched him early, whereas, in common, he is not 
dispatched till Thursday afternoon. I shall therefore 
send my letter to cousin Davenport, to be forwarded 
by some vessel that is going to England from Phila* 

I forgot to mention before that t had received the 
copy of the King's grant to you of 2000 acres in Nova 
Scotia. I have not the least doubt but something 
handsome might be made of it if well managed, 
which, if I am well informed, is far from being the 
case with the lands in which you and Mr. Hughes are 
concerned. Mr. Jacob Hail (who keeps a tavern at 
the Wheat-sheaf, near Frankford, and has been lately 
at Nova Scotia with settlers for your company, of 
which he is likewise a member) complains heavily of 
the narrow-spiritedness and mismanagement of Mr. 
Hughes and the other members. They empowered 
him, it seems, to conduct there a body of settlers, and 
to furnish them with such necessaries as they should 


have occaeioii for till they could enbaist themselves ; 
but though he gave them nothing but what was in- 
dispensably necessary, they refused on his return to 
allow his account. This put it out of his power to 
return again to Kova Scotia, he having bought pro- 
visions, &c., there on his own credit. By this means, 
a number who had engaged to accompany Mr. Hall 
on his return were deterred from going, which has 
greatly retarded the settlement ; and the poor people 
who were left there last fall, and who, as they were 
not yet able to raise any thing for themselves, relied 
on a further supply to be brought by Mr. Hall, were, 
during the whole winter, in the greatest distress 
imaginable, and must infallibly have starved had it 
not been for Lieut Gov. Franklin and Captain Hous- 
ton, an old settler in that province, taking compassion 
on them. These gentlemen sent them supplies from 
time to time, in confidence that the company were 
gentlemen of too much honour not to repay them. 
However, I am told by Hall (of whom I had this in- 
telligence about two months ago), that the company 
are averse to paying a farthing, and he believes will 
not. Some settlers, I understand, engaged to trans- 
port themselves at their own expense, but others 
were, on account of their present poverty, to be trans- 
ported at the expense of the company, who were to 
be repaid as the settlers grew able. Part of the for- 
mer sort, however, were not able to comply with their 
engagements ; nevertheless Mr. Hall (who seems to 


have veiy right notions, and a proper spirit for new 
settlements), says the company ought cheerfully to 
advance every thing for the settlers till [the] settle- 
ment is well established, and take the people's bonds 
and mortgages for the repayment of what ought to 
be repaid. The people, too, complain on their part 
that the company have not complied with tlieir en- 
gagements in having the portion of land allotted to 
the settlers surveyed to them, which was to have been 
done immediately after their arrival. In short, it ap- 
pears that the company want a head to contrive and 
conduct matters for them, and that they are too parsi- 
monious and contracted in their views for such a de- 
sign. I much doubt if you don't meet with difficulty 
in getting repaid the fees you have advanced to the 
Clerk of the Council in their behalf. Mr. Hall tells 
me that the lands which have fallen to your share are 
very valuable, being some of the best in the patent. 
He wishes that you had been present at the meeting 
of the company, for then, he says, matters would have 
been conducted more properly. I intend calling 
upon him soon to learn all tlie particulars. As to 
Mr. Hughes, I never see or hear from him. I be- 
lieve he lives altogether in the country. I shall make 
it my business soon to see him, and hear his account 
of the matter. 

I send you enclosed a copy of a letter Mrs. Frank- 
lin received last night from Parson Brown of Newark, 
in which he gives some dark hints of an attempt to 


have me removed. But I have not the least guspicion 
of what he alludes to, as no Gov'r ever stood better 
with the people in general than I do at present. 
Some, indeed, suspect that there is a scheme to get 
Lieut. CoL Skinner, who la [a few words lost] War- 
ren to apply for the government, which they say he 
would stand a good chance of obtaining through the 
interest of Col. Fitzroy, his brother-in-law, and the 
Duke of Grafton. But I confess I see no reason for 
such suspicions. I am at present on a very friendly 
footing with Cortlandt Skinner ; and though he might 
wish his brother to be Governor here, yet I hardly 
think he would be guilty of any underhand means to 
have me removed from this government, unless I was 
to have another in exchange. And I much question 
whether Col. Skinner, now he is married to so great 
a fortune and has a good chance of rising in the army, 
would wish to have the government. Mr. Brown 
lives near, and is intimate with Capt. Arch'd Kennedy, 
who, without the least cause in the world, has taken, 
I'm told, an uncommon prejudice against me. Per- 
haps he may have thrown out some hints which may 
have alarmed Mr. Brown, and induced him, out of a 
regard to me, to write to my wife on the occasion. 
At present it is all a mystery to me ; but lest any 
such matter as he apprehends might be in agitation, 
I thought it prudent to send you a copy of his letter. 
Tlie Introduction to your Examination by the Edi- 
tor of the Gent's Magazine has been published in the 


Pennsylv'a Chronicle, and afterwards Hall published 
it in his Gazette. It gives great pleasure. 

Gk)v. Hutchinson has published a volume of his 
History, which I suppose you will be able to get in 
London. I have just received one from N. T., but 
have not read it 

I am, Hon'd Sir, 

Your ever dutiful son, 

Wm, Franzldt, 


[Jan. 21, 1768.] 
Mt Dearbst Dbar Child : 

« « » « « 

Our nephew B. Mecom has been here five or six 
days. He went away yesterday. I did not know his 
business, but he seemed very happy, and seemed to 
think he had very great prospects before him, and is 
in hopes to convince his friends that he and they shall 
be very happy before long. He had some conference 
with Mr. Kinnersly and the Eev. Dr. Allison. I can't 
help telling that Dr. Allison surprised Benny by tell- 
ing him that God in his mercy has made the road to 
heaven so wide that some of all religious professions 
may go to heaven — ^nay, it is so wide that they may 
go abreast ; but Ben thinks that he is mistaken and 
is a very queer man, and don't seem to like him, but 


the Doctor trusted him with six or eight letters to the 
most noted men in our place. 

« « « « « 

I am jonr affectionate wife, 

D. Fbaneun. 

Yesterday our Mr. Pott's son Joseph was married 
to Sammy Powel's sister. His first wife was John 
Morris's daughter. She died in child-bed. [He] and 
the lady were own cousins; they could not pass 
meeting, so they signified their intentions at the State 
House door, and were married by a magistrate. 


BuBLiSGTOir, May 11, 1769. 
Hon'd Father : 

A few days after I was favoured with your let- 
ter of the 20th of March by Capt. Creighton, the 
packet which left England the 7th of March is since 
arrived, but I had no letter by her from any one. I 
suppose (tho' you do not mention it) that you have 
wrote to me before relative to the letters I sent you 
by the January mail ; perhaps by Sparks, who is not 
yet arrived. I wait impatiently for the arrival of the 
April packet, and I do not think it proper to convene 
the Assembly till I have answers to some letters I 
have wrote to the ministry. 


Mr. Galloway lias sent me (agreeably to your de- 
sire) copies of the clauses added to the last Mutiny 
Act. I am very glad that they have passed, as I am 
convinced our Assembly would not have receded 
from the former mode of providing necessaries for the 
troops in quarters ; and, consequently, altercation and 
confusion must have ensued. 

I have wrote Col. Croghan what you mention con- 
cerning his ajffair. I hope the application will be at- 
tended with success. 

Capt Trent met with some unexpected delays, but 
I suppose is by this time arrived in England. I hear 
that Sir Wm.* has a letter from Lord H., mentioning 
that his Maj'y entirely approves of all the transactions 
of the treaty, so that I imagine Capt. Trent will meet 
with no difficulty in his application. Indeed, it is 
necessary to our friend W.'s affairs that he should 
finish his business in England in a short time, for 
those with whom he has left the care of his affairs 
find a good deal of difficulty in keeping matters quiet 
with some of his creditors during his absence. 

I have entered far into the spirit of farming, and 
have lately made a considerable addition to my farm* 
on very reasonable terms. It is now altogether a very 
valuable and pleasant place. I must beg you not to 
omit sending me the drain-plough I wrote to you for, 

^ Sir WiUiam Johnson was probably meant. 

* Franklin Park, on the Bancocus Creek, Burlington county, K. J. 


invented and made by Wm. Knowles, at Newport, in 
the Isle of Wight. I observe by his advertisement 
that he is to be heard of at Mr. Bailey's, Register of 
the Society for the Encouragement of Arts. I like- 
wise want a Rothercm or Patent Plough^ as it is called. 
There is a draft of one in Mills's Husbandry and in 
the Select Transactions of the Edinburgh Society, but 
I can't get our workmen here to make one by it. 
They understand the making of no other ploughs but 
what are in common use here. I was thinking to re- 
quest to get Knowles to make me one of this kind 
also (as he advertises making all sorts of ploughs on 
the best mechanical principles); but since I have 
learnt that he lives in the Isle of Wight, I am at a 
loss to know how it or the drain-plough can be 
sent without a great expense, and I believe none of 
our vessels in time of peace touch at Portsmouth, and 
to send it to London (if by land) will make it come 
very dear. If, however, there are opportunities of 
sending tliem by water to London, or some other sea- 
port from whence vessels sail to Philad'a, the expense 
may not, perhaps, be worth minding. 

I have not yet seen Mr» Caiger, who was recommend- 
ed to you by Mr. Small and Mr. More, nor heard of his 
arrival in America. Should it be in my power to 
serve him in what he requests, I shall readily do it. 

Mr. Morgan, our secretary, is in Canada. I had a 
very polite letter from him last week, in which he 
mentions his intention of being here some time this 


month or the next, Mr. Seed, our dep'y sec^j has, I 
nnderetand, let his house at Trenton, and intends soon 
for England to marry De Berdt's daughter. He has 
not, however, mentioned his intention to me, and per- 
haps will not think it necessary. He nerer comes 
here but at the time of the courts, leaving his busi- 
ness of secretary entirely to clerks, both here and at 
Amboy. Mr. Morgan intimates as if he had a design 
of changing his deputy, but it is a matter I don't 
cho^e to interfere in ; all that I shall desire is, that 
whoever he appoints may be obliged to reside here, 
and may be properly qualified to execute the busi- 

Public affairs remain much the same on this side of 
the water as when I wrote to you last. The members 
of the New York Assembly are differing greatly 
among themselves. Col. Schuyler and Mr. Walton 
went out to fight a duel, but thought better of the 
matter when they got on the ground, and settled their 
differences amicably. Col. Lewis Morris is expelled 
for not being a resident in the borough of West Ches- 
ter, for which he was elected, though he has a con- 
siderable estate in the borough. Mr. Livingston, 
their late Speaker, is like to be expelled on the same 
account. By the resolves of the House, they allow 
non-residente have a right to elect, but not to be 
elected. Parties run very high among them. 

The Boston writers have attacked Gov'r Barnard on 
his Letters, and on his being created a baronet. They 


worry him bo much that I suppose he will not choose 
to stay much longer among them. There is a talk 
that a new Governor is shortly to be appointed. 
Many of the principal people there wish you to be , 
the man, and say that you would meet with no oppo- 
sition from any party, but would soon be able to con- 
ciliate all differences. 

Our Supreme Court is sitting, and I am a good deal 
engaged and hurried. 

Betsy joins me in duty. I am^ as ever. 
Hon'd Sir, your dutiful son, 



Philad'a, Sept. 1, 1769. 
HoN^D Fathsr: 

I came to town with Betsy on Monday last, in 

order to stand for my Uttle nephew.* He is not so fat 

and lusty as some children at his time are, but he is 

altogether a pretty little fellow, and improves in his 

looks every day. Mr. Baynton stood as proxy for 

you, and named Benj'n Franklin, and my mother and 

Betsy were the godmother^. 

I did not know that Friend was to sail so soon, or I 

should have wrote to you and Mr. Wharton before I 

left home. Here it is not in my power, for I am not 

a minute without interruption, and am put under sucli 

1 Mn. Bache'8 eldest child. 


a course of eating and drinking that I am not able to 
do any thing else. 

I had the pleasure of receiving your letter of the 
, 28th of June, per Capt. £eag8. It was delivered to 
Mr. Galloway at Chester, who brought it up last night. 
I cannot answer any part of it now, as I am in doubt 
whether this will be in time, the passengers being to 
leave town this morning ; but I shall write again soon. 
I sent you lately a bill of Mr. Odell's for £25 sterling, 
and shall send you the 2d by the next packet. Bet- 
sey wants a pair of handsome, fashionable stone or 
paste buckles, and I shall be obliged to you if you 
would purchase a pair and send them by the first safe 
opportunity. She joins in duty with, Hon'd Sir, 
Tour ever affectionate and dutiful son, 

Wm. Frakkljn* 

Neither the July packet nor Jefferies yet arrived. 



BuBLiMOTON, Dec. If 1769. 

The House of Representatives of this Colony on 

the 8th of last month imanimously chose you their 

agent in London, and appointed us to correspond 

with you on the affairs of the Colony. The Resolve 


of the House by which you are appointed agent, his 
Excellency will transmit to you properly attested. 

To a gentleman whose inclination to serve the 
Colonies, we believe equal to his knowledge of their 
true interests, much need not be said to induce an at- 
tention to American concerns in the ensuing sessions 
of Parliament, and the confidence the House have in 
the assurances of his Majesty's ministers that they will 
use their endeavours for the repeal of the Revenue 
Acts, and that those endeavours will be successful, 
renders any particular direction to you on this head 
unnecessary, but we could wish his Majesty's faithful 
American subjects to stand in their true point of light 
before him, that no doubt may remain of their loyalty 
and firm attachment to his royal person and govern- 

We are directed by the House to desire that you 
will apply to the proper offices and solicit his Ma- 
jesty's assent to the bill for septennial election of 
representatives, and the bill for giving the counties 
of Morris, Cumberland, and Sussex a right to choose 
representatives in Assembly, transmitted in 1768. 
Tlie Province is very solicitous for a confirmation of 
these laws, and we must desire you will use your in- 
fluence to obtain the royal assent to them as soon as 
possible. Another bill in 1765 was transmitted for 
amending the practice of the law, which the House 
would rather choose should not have the royal assent, 
as a bill they like better has been passed by the 


House this sessions, which although the Grovemor 
could not pass, yet he has, upon a message from the 
House, promised to ask his Majesty's permission to 
give his assent at a future sessions. 

His Excellency, our Gk>vemor, will transmit for his 
Majesty's royal approbation an Act of Assembly 
passed this sessions for making current one hundred 
thousand pounds in bills of credit, to be let on loan 
at five per cent The particular distress of this Prov- 
ince for want of a currency, and the little prospect of 
being able to obtain a bill very soon, to make the 
bill a legal tender, was what induced the Assembly 
to comply with this method, and as the funds for the 
redemption of the bills are good beyond a doubt, we 
are under no apprehensions of any difllculty as to the 
bills' obtaining a credit and passing in lieu of money. 
We refer to the preamble to the bill and to your own 
knowledge of the propriety of the measure, and it 
gives us particular pleasure to intrust to your care a 
matter so generally desired by the people of this 
Colony, because you so well understand tlie subject 
and can so readily answer any objections that may be 
made against it. 

The House have ordered a sum of money to pay the 
expense that may attend the getting of the royal as- 
sent to these bills, and we enclose a bill of exchange 
for two hundred pounds sterling for that purpose. 

The House have also passed a bill for lending a 
sum of money to the General Proprietors of the East- 


em division of this Province, and have by a message 
to the Governor informed him that they would direct 
their agent by a memorial to support the claim of this 
Colony before his Majesty in Council. You will, from 
the agents appointed by law to manage the contro- 
versy between the Colonies, receive a state of the con- 
troversy and every paper necessary for you to inspect 
before drawing your memorial. The House have, 
therefore, directed us to inform you that the principal 
motives of the House for your application to his Ma- 
jesty are — 

1st. That justice may be done to individuals as well 
as the Colony in general, and altho' the House does 
not pretend to direct where the said line ought to be 
fixed, yet as the settlement of said line will in its con- 
sequences affect the Colony very sensibly, especially 
should any station be fixed southward of this line - 
solemnly settled in the year 1719, in consequence of 
which great numbers of people settled up to the said 
line, and have ever since done duty and paid their 
taxes in this government, should that line be altered 
and brought southward, many honest and hona fide 
purchasers will be involved in ruin, unless his Majesty 
should think proper to interpose.^ 

2d. The injustice to this Colony will appear very 
great when it's considered that the line of 1719 has 
constantly been deemed the line of division between 

^ What foUows appears to refer to the northern boundary of New 

Jersey, separating it from New Torli. 



the govemmentfi, and the settlers and lands np to that 
line have ever been estimated in the taxes: henee, 
shonid the line be removed sonthward, this Colony 
that has iucnrred a debt of one hundred and ninety 


thousand pounds in the late war, yet undischarged, 
will be deprived of the aid of valuable settlements in 
paying off this debt, and the burthen increased on the 
remainder of the Colony. From this sketch of the 
sentiments of the House, and the papers that will be 
laid before you by the agents appointed by law. to 
manage the controversy between the Colonies, you will 
be able to frame a memorial to his Majesty ; but as no 
appeal is yet made, and only threatened, no application 
from you to his Majesty will be necessary until such 
appeal is actually made by the agents from Xew York. 
We are, Sir, with great sincerity and respect. 

Your h'ble servants, 



A Hit All AM HeWUKOS, 

Hexbt Paxson, 
Ebenczeb MnjjcB, 
Joseph Sxtth. 

When you write by way of New York, please to 
direct to Cortlandt Skinner, Esq., Speaker of the 
Assembly of New Jersey ; and by way of Philadel- 
phia, to Abraham Hewlings or Joseph Smith, Esqrs., 
at Burlington. 


BuBLiiiOTON, Doc. 19th, 1769. 
Esteemed Friend : 

The foregoing is a copy of a letter wrote by 
the Committee of Correspondence, which was for- 
warded by the way of Bristol. Notliing farther oc- 
curs at present than to confirm the foregoing, and to 
enclose 2d bill for £200 st'ng, drawn by Garrett and 
Geo. Meade on James Dormer, Esq., in London. 
I am, very respectfully. 

Thy friend, 

Joseph SMriH. 


June 80, [1772 f] 
« « # # « 

Mr. Snmain is dead) our good old friend Even. 
Evens, Mr, Gordon you knew, Mr. Bainbridge's father, 
Polly Pitts 5 and George is a widower and a dreadful 
crier, but he is a-looking out, but shan't marry very 

This morning would have afforded you much pleas- 
ure with my king-bird. He went into the water, and 
as soon as he eat his breakfast he said he would go to 
school and then come home and play. A little girl, 
a school-mate, says that Ben Bache is the Commodore 
over the Madam, but I suppose you will be informed 
by Sally. 

I am your affectionate wife, 

D. Franklin. 



(DB. rRAHKUIl's 80N-IX-LAW.) 

F&ILADSIfHIA, [1772?] 

Daab and Hon^d Sir : 

# # « # « 

At the request of Mr. Baynton I send you an 
extract of a letter from Mr. Sooper, a surveyor, to 
him, respecting the western boundary of this Province, 
with his sentiments thereon ; also a number of re- 
marks of Mr. Morgan, which may be useful to the 
proprietors of the new Colony* (should it take place) 
in respect to the mode of settlement, granting of land, 
&c. I would have had Mr. Baynton to have sent 
them himself, but he is afraid of being troublesome, 
therefore has put the matter upon me. 

I can't help mentioning one thing to you as a mat- 
ter that will greatly impede the settlement of the new 
Colony, and which has already alarmed and discour- 
aged many people from settling to the westward, and 
that is the demolishing and abandoning Fort Pitt, for 
which, it is said, orders are issued. I am told that 
Governor Penn has applied to General Gage for a re- 
spite of these orders, till [some application can be 
m]ade home respecting the matter. If so [it would be 
well for] the proprietors of the new Colony to back 
[the application] that Pittsburgh may be continued a 

1 Upon the Ohio &ver, in what is now the State of Indiana. 


garrieon town. My mother, Sally, and Ben are all 
well. They join in love to yourself, Mrs. Stevenson, 
Mrs. Hewson, &c., &c., with) 
Dear Sir, 

Your truly affectionate son, 

Bich'd Baohb. 

Permit me to congratulate you on your late hono- 
rary appointment in France. 


Wetmooth, Aug. 14, [1778 f] 

When and where this may find you, my dear sir, 
but I hope soon, and that you may be in good health. 
I fancy my fears made [me tremble] more than I be- 
lieve I ought to have [done]. I own I thought you 
much indisposed when I saw you in Craven-street, 
and I allow that I was conceited enough to think I 
could have prescribed better things than Madeira and 
Cura^oa; not that I am an enemy to either in a 
healthy state, or in some diseases, but you appeared 
to me to have (at the time you took them) too much 
on your stomach of the nature of sour to [take] any 
more without being more injured than benefited, tho' 
taken with your usual moderation. Be kind enough 
to believe I am not making any pretensions to knowl- 
edge in the nature or mixture of acid, or alkalies, for 


I have none ; but I do remember to have seen mj 
father (in appearance) in the same state that jou were 
in, and I also remember that such things appeared to 
do him harm. I feel also so nearly for you the same 
degree of affection and respect tliat I felt for him, that 
it was natural for me both to think and say the same 
I should for him and to him. I know that you must 
think me very unwise for regretting the loss of pleas- 
ure that if I had enjoyed would now be past and gone, 
but so unwise am I, for the knowing that I could have 
had more of your company than I have had * * * 
would have been pleased with * * * company. I 
say my being thus * * * will make me regret the 
loss of * * * spite of Madam Understanding that 
stands by and pronounces it to no purpose. 

I must not own that Weymouth does not please me, 
because it is without all controversy a most pleasing 
place for walking, riding, bathing and going upon the 
water ; and if these are not the most pleasing amuse^ 
ments at this season, and in such Italian weather, 
what are ? — ^and why then, it is natural to ask, am I 
not pleased with it ? To which I answer, that as much 
as I can be pleased with these amusements, I am ; but 
having been accustomed to the society of sensible peo- 
ple, and finding here either no companionable people, 
or none that have leisure to be such, I should not feel 
very sorry to set off to-morrow, though by so doing I 
should miss seeing the beaux at the ball, and dancing 


If I had not made a vow to keep [in good humour] 
I should certainly have been horrid cross, having been 
three post days at the office for letters, not getting 
one, there being none there for me. I shall write by 
the same post that conveys [this to] Broad-street, first 
because I fear she m[ay not hear] of me by you, for I 
hope you have * * * mer flight, and next because I 
have [reason to] think that tho' I have not been ungrate- 
ful [or un]kind, Mrs. Hewson may think me both, and 
one is very apt to think the worst of people. She 
may, when Will has been cross, feel a little inclined to 
think less well of me than I deserve. 

Can any living soul complain of this weather? and 
yet I dare say many do~to be sure, I, being neither 
a stable nor a cow-keeper, have no reason, so I shall 
not, tho' to be sure we ought to have rain, if it was 
only to lay the evil spirit in every lane and road and 
street, that is monstrously troublesome even to people 
of fashion. Don't wonder if I should return a fish or 
at least an amphibious animal — ^as I dwell by the sea- 
side, go in and ovi it, and feed on the fish thereof. I 
love dearly to write to you, tho' I hate you should 
read my letters---now as nobody else can, pray, as 
you are a wise man, contrive some method of my be- 
ing pleased and not hurt^ — and this if you can with- 
out my being at the trouble or expense of ceasing to 

About ten days hence I expect to leave this place, 
and to be for a week at S' Ch' at Odiham, Hants. 


[If] I can love you more, I most certainly shall. [If 
you] feel inclined to write to me, take notice that [I 
know] you well to desire one unless you are mak * * 
days. Give my a£Pectionate compliments to Mrs. 
* * *. Believe me, dear sir, most heartily and ♦ * * 
friend and obliged humble servant, 

D. Blunt. 


Qdiham, Not. 2, [1778 ?] 

If the epithet dear pleased me, that oS friend did 
all that was possible to be done. It pleased me 
much — ^now you expect me to have done my pre- 
amble and come to the substance. I am not very 
clear it will have any, yet if Truth is not one, man 
has none ; the love of it, I think, appears to me above 
the love of the other things, and if I ever uttered one, 
I do when I declare that your manner of expressing 
it is peculiarly pleasing to me, the generality of peo- 
ple being so much like a school-boy's piece, so encom- 
passed with flourishes that the thing itself is not enough 
seen to be admired. I am not a good similist^ and 
tho' an inhabitant of the East, a very bad metaphor- 
maker : so, tropes and figures apart, I shall in plain 
and simjple manner thank you and dear Mrs. Steven- 
son for the friendly invitation, which' I shall most 


joyfully accept one day next week, not till after 
Tuesday and before Sunday — ^it depended not on my 
whim but on the whims of those who ride in the 
machine from "Winchester — the coach I must come 
in, that if not full and so kind as to pick up crumbs 
by the way. I being one must be content to return 
to this place and try once and again. I need not de- 
sire that our Polly may be had if possible. The 
sweet little woman, Lady B., that you would love 
dearly, is now at my elbow, and as I have been scrib- 
bling the whole mom'g, I feel that I ought to devote 
the rest of the day to her. So good evening, good 
night, good all that I can wish or you can want, be 
unto you, my good sir, and all you love — ^this is my 
benediction, and with this I will depart according to 

my word. 

D. Blunt. 

Bemember me to Mrs. S., Mrs. W., and 0. 


Philadufhia, 24th Dec. 1774. 
Dbar and Hon'd Sir: 

By a vessel via Bristol, under date of the 17th 

cur't, I sent you the unwelcome information of my 

mother's* being attacked by a paralytick stroke, the 

> His mother-in-law, Mrs. Franklin, is meant. 


14th of this month, but at the same time I mentioned 
that we were not then without hopes of her getting 
through it, and indeed Doctor Bond fed us with these 
hopes till Sunday evening, when we discovered a 
considerable change in her for the worse ; she con- 
tinued without seeming to suffer much pain till Mon- 
day morning about 11 o'clock, when without a groan 
or even a sigh she was released from a troublesome 
world, and happily relieved from all future pain and 
anxiety. In the natural course of human events we 
could not expect her continuance many years longer 
with us, and therefore with becoming resignation (I 
hope) patiently submit to the Divine Will, which has 
been pleased thus to deprive us of a friend and 
mother^ and we trust your own good sense will enable 
you to bear this afflicting loss with more than manly 

I sent an express to Amboy for the Governor, who 
came in time to attend the funeral on Thursday the 
22d inst., in the evening ; he is now with us and writes 
you by this opportunity. A great number of your 
old friends attended on this mournful occasion to pay 
their last respects to a memory which will be ever 
held dear by all who knew her, for the good she has 
done in this life ; and this is no small consolation to 
her numerous friends and relations. 

Sally, who bears this sudden and unexpected stroke 
with much fortitude and resignation, joins me and 
the children in truly affectionate love and duty to 


yon, and in wishes for your speedy return hither, 
when our consolation shall not be wanting on this or 
any other afflicting occasion. 
I am, dear sir, 

Your sincerely and affectionate son, 

Bich'd Baohs. 


Pbilabblpbia, Dec. 24th, 1774. 
Hon'd Father: 

I came here on Thursday last to attend the fu- 
neral of my poor old mother, who died the Monday 
noon preceding. Mr. Bache sent his clerk express to 
me on the occasion, who reached Amboy on Tuesday 
evening, and I set out early the next morning, but the 
weather being very severe and snowing hard, I was 
not able to reach here till about 4 o'clock on Thursday 
afternoon, about half an hour before the corpse was 
to be moved for interment. Mr. Bache and I followed 
as chief mourners ; your old friend H. Boberts and sev- 
eral other of your friends were carriers, and a very re- 
spectable number of the inhabitants were at the funeraL 
I don't mention the particulars of her illness, as you 
will have a much fuller account from Mr. Bache than 
I am able to give. Her death was no more than 
might be reasonably expected after the paralytick 
stroke she received some time ago, which greatly 


affected her memory and understanding. She told 
me when I took leave of her on my removal to Am- 
boy, that she never expected to see you unless you 
returned this winter, for that she was sure she should 
not live till next summer. I heartily wish you had 
happened to have come over in the fall, as I think 
her disappointment in that respect prayed a good deal 
on her spirits. 

I received by Mr. Bingham your two favours of 
the 13th and 18th of October ; also one dated Nov. 
1st, enclosed to Mr. Bache by the packet. 

It gives me great pleasure to find that you have so 
perfect an enjoyment of that greatest of blessings, 
health. But I cannot help being concerned to find 
that notwithstanding you are so sensible that you 
" cannot in the course of nature long eicpect the con- 
tinuance of it," yet you postpone your return to your 
family. If there was any prospect of your being 
able to bring the people in power to your way of 
thinking, or those of your way of thinking being 
brought into power, I should not think so much of 
your stay. But as you have had by this time pretty 
strong proofs that neither can be reasonably expected, 
and that you are looked upon with an evil eye in that 
country, and are in no small danger of being brought 
into trouble for your political conduct, you had cer- 
tainly better return while you are able to bear the 
fatigues of the voyage, to a country where the people 
revere you and are inclined to pay a deference to 


yonr opinions. I wonder none of them, as yon aay, 
reqaeeted your attendance at the late Congrees, for I 
heard from all quarters that your return was ardently 
wished for at that time, and I have since heard it 
lamented by many that you were not at that meeting ; 
as they imagined, had you been there, you would 
have framed some plan for an accommodation of our 
differences that would have met with the approbation 
of a majority of the delegates, tho' it would not have 
coincided with the deep designs of those who influ- 
enced that majority. However mad you may think 
the measures of the Ministry are, yet I trust you 
have candour enough to acknowledge that we are no 
ways behindhand with them in * * * of madness 
on this side of the water. However, it is a disagree- 
able subject, and I'll drop it. 

I shall do what lies in my power to have Mr. "Wil- 
mot's account paid. The Assembly are to meet on 
the 11th of next month. 

I wrote a long letter to you lately, and enclosed it 
to Sec'ry Pownall by the packet, which I hope will 
get safe to hand. In that I told you that I was 
anxious to have Temple^ bred to the law, and wished 
to have him sent for a year or two to the New York 
College. I hope to see you and him in the spring, 
and that you will spend some time with me at Am- 
boy, where I am now happily settled in a very good 

1 Hi0 son, William Temple Franklin. 


house, and shall always have an apartment at your 

I shall do our kinsman Folger all the seryice in my 
power. Mr. Westley I expect will call on me soon 
on his return from Schenectady, when I shall pay 
your draft in his favour. 

I have but just heard of this vessel's departure, and 
have it not in my power to add more than that I 
am ever, Hon'd sir. 

Your dutiful son, 

Wm. Fsanxun. 


Waewick*, July 14, 1776. 

The concern I knew my ever dear brother would 
be in to know what was become of me, made me 
take the first opportunity to write to him, and twice 
since, but did not receive a line from you till the day 
before yesterday, when I received y'rs of the 17 June, 
and this day I have received the first you wrote. It 
had been returned from Cambridge, and had lain 
three weeks in Newport office. 

Tour care for me at this time, added to the innu- 
merable instances of your goodness to me, gives me 
great comfort under the difficulties I feel with others, 

> In Bhode Island. 


but not in a greater degree for I am in want of no- 
thing, having money sufficient to support me some 
time, if I should go to board (which, however, Mrs. 
Greene will not consent to), and I have with me most 
of the things I had to sell, and now and then sell 
some small matter. I thought I had told jou I 
brought out what I could pack up in trunks and 
chests, and I so contrived to pack 'em in our wearing 
apparel, linen, and bedding, that they pass'd exami- 
nation without discovery. This was not an unlawful 
smuggling, which you would have reproved, for they 
were not owed for, nor any one cheated of duties. I 
wish I could have brought all my effects in the same 
manner ; but the whole of my household furniture, 
some wood, soap, &c., &c., &c., except a few small 
matters I put into my trunk, I left behind, secured in- 
deed in the house witli locks and bars, but those who 
value not to deprive us of our lives wiU find a way 
to break through them, if they are permitted. My 
daughter's goods are there, too, for tho' she boarded 
in the country some time before the town was * * * 
she did not remove her furniture ; what [remained] 
of their m[oveab]les cousin Williams got out * * * 
letter pleased me much, shall convey it to them first 
opportunity. My daughter Foot gone to Dunstable, 
she in a bad state of health — ^left their goods in Boston. 
My son John's widow, who married Mr. Turner, an 
officer, left them in Boston. How it has fared with 
them, cannot hear, tho' I wish them safe, for he 


really appeared a good sort of man. Oh ! how horri- 
ble is our situation, that relations seek the destruction 
of each other ! 

Poor Flagg, tho' he has used me very ill, I deplore 
his fate the more as there are two of my daughters 
children left — ^I know not how they will be provided 
for. His story is. too long and too fuU of shocking 
circumstances to trouble you with ; shall only tell you 
that in the winter he was taken in a fit which termi- 
nated in distraction and confined him some time, but 
got so much better as to go about his business, and 
sent out his wife and children, intending to follow 
them, but was soon after taken in the same manner 
as in the winter, and died in a few days. 

My good Mrs. Royal and family that I lived so 
happily with, is gone to Worcester. I have not re- 
ceived the invitation you say your son was so good as to 
send me, nor a line from him a long time, tho' I have 
wrote several by such hands as I know he must have 
received. Cousin Coffin has invited me to Nantucket, 
which was sent to Boston and returned before the re- 
solves of the Congress. I don't know if it would be 
prudent for me to go now. I cannot determine what 
[steps] to take at present : I wish you could advise 
me. I am [afraid] of being an incumbrance to this 
good family as my * ♦ ♦ other is for me, but I 
strive all in my power [to make] it as light as I can, 
when Mrs. Greene in a jocose [way mentio]ned our 
mounting our na[gs to go] and see you * * * I am re- 


joiced that your children and family are well. I have 
before heard of your young Hercules ; my niece was 
so good as to write me one long letter about the 
children and Ben Franklin, one for himself, of which 
1 wrote you to England. You say nothing about 
him; he appeared to me to be an extraordinary 
child — ^I answered his letter but he does not continue 
the correspondence. 

I could have wished you had been left to your own 
option to have assisted in public affairs, so as not to 
fatigue you too much ; but as your talents are superior 
to most other men's, I can't help requiring your 
country should enjoy the benefit of tbem while you 
live, but can't bear the thought of your going to Eng- 
land a£cain, as has been sufi^irested here, and one sen- 
.enct^^ur Ie..» ^ ?fev„„. Ton p^Wvel, 
must not go ; you have served the public in that way 
beyond what any other man can boast till you are 
now come to a good old age, and some younger men 
must now take that painful service upon them. Don't 
go, pray, don't go ; you certainly may do as much good 
here as circumstances are at present, and possibly the 
Congress may not think it proper to send since those 
late transactions of the army. I am so much at a 
loss to know whether the news I hear be true or no, 
that perhaps I had better leave it to other hands ; but 
my daughter wrote me last week from Boxbury that 
on our army's firing cannon that reached into the 
fortification and killed six men, G^n. Gage sent out 


word we had better not proceed to extremities, for 
the King had Bent for two of the men-of-war home. 
I left my daughter in so much fear that she conld not 
sleep on nights, but she now writes me (from the same 
place) that she hopes all things and fears nothing. 
The reason she imagines, because she sees all about 
her in the same disposition. 

The family he[re are] well and almost as numerous. 
Mrs. Greene says she will [write]. I only add my love 
to all your children and grand-children, [and that] I 
am as ever your most affectionate sister, 

Jane Mboom. 

Our men have taken three islands, and brought off 
eight hundred sheep and cattle off one, and other five 
hundred sheep and cattle off the others, and a man- 
of-war's barge with some men. Col. Eobinson has 
taken Coney Island, and brought off two hundred 
sheep and some cattle, and eight men and one young 
lad, without the loss of a man. Two of the islands 
were taken last week, and the other this week — July 
18. Sickly in Boston — ^the soldiers and inhabitants 
die fast The names of the other Islands, Deer Island 
and Petleks. 

Mr Dear Friend: 

Your letter which [I] had the pleasure of re- 
ceiving gave me great pleasure, as it gave me a fresh 
proof of your own dear self; and being once more on 
the same land with us, your dear good sister grew 


very impatient till she heard from jou and began to 
fear you were not come. She was kind enough to show 
me her letter, and you are fearful she will be trouble- 
some, but be assured that her company richly pays 
as she goes along, and we are very happy together, 
and shall not consent to spare her to anybody but 
her dear brother, were he to stay at home and be 
positive ; but if you are to journey we must have her, 
for she is my mamma and friend ; and I tell her that 
we are rich, that we have a lot here and another 
there, and have three or four of them, and we divert 
one another charmingly. Do come and see us, cer- 
tain ! Don't think of going home^ again. Do sit 
down and enjoy the remainder of your days in peace. 
[I] have just been engaged in something that prevents 
my writing, as I designed to have done. I hope next 
time I write to be more mys[elf. My] kind love to 
D * * * and Mrs. Bache and the D * * * 

Affectionate friend as long as life, 

Catt Gbeene. 

1 England was thus oaUed in the American colonies. 



Warwick, July y« 8d, 1776. 
Mt Dxarlt beloy'd Fribnd : 

I gladly once more welcome you to your own 
home, though I lament the occasion; hope by this 
time you have recovered your health and the fatigue 
of 80 disagreeable a jour., and have resumed the 
cheerful, agreeable Benjamin Franklin. Pray God 
to preserve you long a blessing to your family, friends, 
and injured country. 

We have disagreeable accounts from New York 
and Quebec, but still hope there is virtue and stability 
enough in our friends to send our enemies ashamed 
to their own homes, and be simple bread and water 
the portion of their chief, and that in a dungeon. But 
I reflect, are not such guilty consciences punishment 
enough ? I'll leave them to a higher Power, and to 
our agreeable correspond, which has been so long 
barr'd. I think your last favour is Jan'y 27th, a long 
while indeed. But you have been sick and in a 
strange land.^ Do give sister some little account of 
it, and she will give it to me, for she is a dear good 
woman, and I know you have not time. 

In yours you wrote that you had put Kay to Latin 
school, which we were much pleased with, as we pro- 

t Canada. 


posed giving him learning if his capacity was good 
enough, of which, being parents, we did not think 
ourselves judges. Mr. Greene was just in since my 
writing, and designed to have wrote himself to you, 
but 'tis a severe drought with us, and [he] has a 
number of people making hay, so that [he] is obliged 
to be with them, but desires his kind regards to you, 
and many thanks for your care of his boy, and says 
he hopes you will call upon him for money whenever 
you think fit) for he does not love large sums against 
him, and would be glad to know what sum would 
carry him through college ; and if you think it best 
for him to come home this vacancy, whether he would 
be willing to go again or not. I could deny myself 
any pleasure for my children's advantage. Those at 
home with Jenny and the family are all well, and 
join in respects to you. I don't know, but think 
Jenny is like to get one of our best matches. You 
are so good a friend to matrimony that you will be 
glad to hear of it. I could run much faster, but fear 
the post will be gone. So I bid you day-day. God 
bless you. 

Your friend that loves you dearly, 

Caty Gbeene. 

Brother Hubbard desires his love to all. 



(WB OF OOT. nuifXLcr.) 

Ambot, Aug. 6, 1776. 
Hon'd Sir: 

Your favour by my son I received safe, and 
should have done myself the honour of answering it 
by the first post after, but I have been of late much 
indisposed. I am infinitely obliged to you for the 
60 dollars, and as soon as Mr. Pettit settles his ac- 
count with me, 1 will punctually repay you. 

My troubles do indeed lie heavy on my mind, 
and tho' many people may suffer still more than I do^ 
yet that does not lessen the weight of mine, which 
are really more than so weak a frame is able to sup« 
port. I wiU not distress you by enumerating all my 
afflictions, but alow me, dear sir, to mention that it is 
greatly in your power to relieve them. Suppose that 
Mr. Franklin would sign a parole not dishonourable 
to himself and satisfactory to Governor Trumbull,^ 
why may he not be premitted to return into this 
Province and to his family? Many of the officers 
that have been taken during the war have had that 
indulgence shown them, and why should it be de- 
nied to him ? His private affairs are unsettled, his 
family distressed, and he is living very uncomfortably 
and at a great expense, which he can very ill afford at 

1 Of Connecticut, in which State <3ot. Franklin was detained. 


present. • Consider^ my dear and honoured sir, that 
I am now pleading the cause of joor son and my 
beloved husband. If I have said or done any thing 
wrong, I beg to be forgiven. I am with great re- 
spect, honoured sir, 

Your dutiful and affect, daughter, 

Eliza. Fbanklin. 


Wabwiok, Oct. y let [1776]. 
Mr Dear Friekd: 

You will be glad to hear of our getting home 
safe which we did Friday night, being nine and a half 
days on our journey, ten on the road, lay by one 
through a careless trick of Catherine's ; but as I don't 
choose to lessen her in your esteem, shall not tell the 
particulars. I wrote you from New Bochelle after 
we had passed the troubled waters, which [I] hope 
you have received. After that, had nothing remark- 
able, except at the public houses wonderful accounts 
from New York, such as was never there supposed. 
We came from New Haven to Hartford, and then to 
Windham, and then to Providence, where we de- 
livered our treasure, meeting with no other trouble 
with it than the bulk and heft. We there heard of 
Celia's having the small-pox finely at Medfield, and 
was expected to be out in a day or two. Called upon 
a few friends and came home, where we were so joy- 


fully received as was worth taking the jonrney for, 
had we had no other pleasure. They said they had 
all been very clever, and said there had been but one 
or two disagreeable things had happened, which [I] 
desired not to hear of. 

Coming from your house, at first I hardly knew 
whether to be glad or sorry you were not at home, as 
the parting from those we love is sorrow ; but when I 
pleased myself with the wish you had to run away 
from hurry and come to New England, I was sorry, 
as I wanted you to strengthen the hope, but not with- 
out you could pass the North River with great safety, 
and you could be made very comfortable on the road ; 
and then I could wish you to take your dear sister 
with you, whose heart is so divided between so good 
a brother and a distressed daughter, that though she 
appears cheerful [she] is very unhappy, and for fear 
of making her friends so, keeps all to herself. She is 
a dear, good woman, and in whatever could contribute 
to her happiness I should do it willingly. Our best 
regards to Mr. and Mrs. Bache, Benny, and dear litde 
Willy. All of you I long to feast with us on fine 
peaches and pears, and baked sweet apples, all of 
which we have in great plenty. Uncle Philip is here, 
the person you visited with me, and adds his love, as 
do Jenny, Phoebe, and Ray, who is a good boy, as 
is Sammy and other children. I am, with due re- 
spects, and as much love as you wish, your friend, 

Caty Greene. 


Be kind enough to give our love to Mr. Elleiy, and 
mention our getting home well. Mr. Greene would 
have wrote, but has company. We feasted upon you 
a great deal since we left your house, for all there is 
but such a morsel of you left. Poor Dr. Babcock, 
with Mr. Collins, the gentleman that was to come to 
us, was at New York at the time the city was given 
up. The Doct'r ran and lost his horse for a time. 
Mr. Collins got over the Jersey side, and left both his 
horses; but the Doct'r got his again. One of our 
officers had rode it off. 

I asked Gen'l Greene if there was any prospect of 
our prisoners being released from Quebec. He says 
it lays with the Congress. Do, my dear friend, if 
there is any exchanging them, let it be done, for they 
have parsed through such amazing hardships * * * 
as makes it necessary for their country to [bestir 
th]emselves in their case. 

When I say or write too freely, tell me. 


G06HKN, February 28d, 1777. 

"We have been impatiently waiting to hear of 

your arrival for some time. It was seventeen weeks 

yesterday since you left us, a day I never shall forget. 

How happy shall we be to hear you are all safe ar- 

'Thifl letter is directed to Paria 


rived and well. You had not left ns long before we 
were obliged to leave town. I never shall forget or 
forgive them for turning me out of house and home 
in the middle of winter, and we are still about twenty- 
four miles from Philad'a, in Chester county, the next 
plantation to where Mr. Ashbridge used to live. We 
have two comfortable rooms, and we are as happily 
situated as I can be, separated from Mr. Bache : he 
comes to see us as often as his business will permit. 
Your library we sent out of town, well packed in 
boxes, a week before us ; and all the valuable things, 
mahogany excepted, we brought with us. There was 
such confusion that it was a hard matter to get out at 
any rate ; when we shall get back again I know not, 
tho' things are altered much in our favour since we 
left town.* I think I shall never be afraid of staying 
in it again, if the enemy were only three miles instead 
of thirty from it, since our cowards, as Lord Com- 
wallis calls them, are so ready to turn out against 
those heroes, who were to conquer all before them, 
but have found themselves so much mistaken that 
courage never brought them to Trenton till they heard 
our army were disbanded. I send you the news- 
papers, but as they do not always speak true, and as 
there may be some particulars in Mr. Bache's letters 
to me that are not in them, I will copy those parts of 
his letters that contain the news. I think, too, you will 
have it more regular. 

> By the battles of Trenton and Princeton. 


Aunt has wrote to you, and sent it to town. She is 
very well, and desires her love to yon and Temple. 
We have wished much for him here when we have 
been a little dull ; he would have seen some charac- 
ters here quite new to him. It's lucky for us Mr. 
George Clymer's, Mr. Meredith's, and Mr. Sudden's 
families are moved so near us ; they are sensible and 
agreeable, and we are not often alone» I have refused 
dining at Mr. Clymer's to-day that I might have the 
pleasure of writing to you and my dear boy,* who I 
hope behaves so as to make you love him ; we used to 
think he gave little trouble at home, but that was per- 
haps a mother's partiality. I am in great hopes that 
the first letter of Mr. Bache will bring me news of 
your arrival. I shall then have cause to rejoice. 

I am, my dear papa, as much as ever, 

Your dutiful and affectionate daughter, 

S. Haxjejl 


Boston, Oct 28, 1777. 
Hon'd and Dear Unglk : 

I with pleasure embrace this opportunity to 

present my sincere wishes that this may meet you in 

the enjoyment of high health, and that felicity that 

* Her eldest child, BenjamiD F. Bacfae, who had accompanied his 
grandfather to Europe. 


must erer attend your unremitted endeavouTB to serre 
your country, and to congratulate you on the signal 
Buccees that heaven has granted to the American 
arms ! On the 17th day of October, Gteneral Bur- 
goyne with his whole army, consisting of 6752, sur- 
rendered prisoners of war to General Gates, and they 
are now on their way to Boston in order to take their 
passage for England. [I send] the paper that has the 
Articles of Capitulation, and some extracts from a 
letter of Col. Nixon, which gives a particular acc'nt 
of the killed, wounded, and prisoners. 

Aunt Mecom is at Coventry with her granddaugh- 
ter, Mrs. Greene ; and Mrs. Coilis * is with her : they 
are all well. Our friend Mrs. Greene and family are 
well ; she, with her son and daughter, left Boston yes- 

Mr. Partridge and our daughter present their duti- 
ful respects to you. My brother and sister are well, 
and would send their love and duty if they knew I 
was writing. 

That peace may soon be restored to this once happy 
clime, and you returned to your friends crowned with 
every blessing, and I once more enjoy the happiness 
of a tete-d-teie with you, is the ardent wish of, 
Dear sir, your affectionate niece, 

Eliza PABTBmoE. 

The gentleman that delivers this is Mr. Loring Aus- 

^ Mn. Mecom's daughter. 



tin, of this town ; he is a distant relation of ours. I 
don't doubt his merit will engage your kind notice. 
A line from you will give great pleasure to your affec- 
tionate niece, 



Philadelphia, July 14, 1778. 
Dear and Hon'o Sir : 

Once more I have the happiness of addressing 
you from this dearly beloved city, after having been 
kept out of it more than nine months. I have had the 
pleasure of hearing frequently from you of late. The 
last is dated the 25th April, wherein you tell me that 
you have had no letter from me since June, 1777. I 
hope, my dear sir, you don't suspect that Sally and I 
have been so remiss as not to have wrote you in all 
this time. She has wrote you two or three letters — 
I have wrote at least a dozen — ^which, considering 
that our situation has not been very stationary, is 
pretty well ; but our letters have been unfortunate. 
I was ignorant of Mr. John Adams' departure, or 
should have wrote by him. Sally is yet in the coun- 
try, and does not intend coming to town till the hot 
weather be over, on account of her little girl. I heard 
from them yesterday, and they were well. I found 
your house and furniture upon my return to town in 
much better order than I had any reason to expect 


from the hands of such a rapacious crew ; they stole 
and carried off with them some of your musical in- 
struments, viz., a Welsh harp, ball harp, the set of 
tuned bells which were in a box, viol-de-gambs, all 
the spare armonica glasses, and one or two spare cases ; 
your armonica is safe. They took likewise the few 
books that were left behind, the chief of which were 
Temple's school-books, and the history of the Arts 
and Sciences in French, which is a great loss to the 
public ; some of your electric apparatus is missing 
also. A Captain Andre also took with him the pic- 
ture of you which hung in the dining-room. The rest 
of the pictures are safe, and met with no damage, ex- 
cept the frame of Alfred, which is broke to pieces ; in 
short, considering the hurry in which we were obliged 
to leave the town, Sally's then situation, and the num- 
ber of things we consequently left behind, we are 
much better off than I had any reason to expect. I 
have mentioned in four or five different letters the 
types you thought were with you from England being 
sold to the State of Virginia, and that the price of 
them was left for you to fix, as I knew not the cost or 
the value of them. I should be glad to hear from you 
on this subject, that I might receive the money and 
place it in the funds. Congress have not yet begun 
to draw for the interest of money borrowed ; as soon 
as they do, I will remit you your bills. Your chest of 
papers, left with Mr. Galloway, I am told was broke 
open at Trevoe's, and the papers scattered about ; I 


shall go up thither to-day or to-morrow to look after 
them ; if I can pick any of them up, shall take care of 
them. Governor Franklin is upon the point of being 
exchanged. I have had two or three letters from him 
informing me that he enjoys better health than he 
had done in the beginning of his confinement. 

Two days ago the French Ambassador arrived. I 
waited upon him yesterday, and was introduced as 
your son-in-law. He received me very politely, told 
me he held dear every connection of yours — ^this made 
me not a little vain— told me he had a letter for me 
which he would wait upon me with, as soon as he had 
got his baggage on shore. I shall pay every proper 
respect and attention to your introductions as soon as 
I am in a situation for it. I cannot help mentioning 
Mr. Holkar as a gentleman that has made very sen- 
sible impressions on me. It would have been a most 
fortunate event had the fleet arrived three weeks ear- 
lier : they would have effectually crushed the British 
power in this part of the world. I am still in hopes 
this may be done, but it would have been effected 
with greater facility had they met the enemy in our 
bay or river. I am obliged to you for the extracts of 
letters and other papers sent with yours of the 25th 
April. I lament much that I do not understand 
French ; I must endeavour to learn it. I have seen 
Mr, Lutterloh, and spoke to him relative to Count 
Wittgenstein's demand. He assures me that three 
months ago he remitted £400 sterling to Mrs. Lutter- 


loh in England, with directions to her to remit this 
amount to the Count, which he saja is all he owes 
him. From the paper you sent me, the Count's de- 
mand is more. The Count had better send over a cer- 
tified account and power of attorney ; it may then be 
in my power to recover the money due him, as Mr. 
Lutterloh has made a good deal of money in our ser- 
vice, and purchased an estate at Pottsgrove. I have 
wrote to the Adjutant-general of our army, requesting 
him to make every inquiry to satisfy the friends of 
Frederick de Wemecke, and expect soon to receive his 
answer whether or not such a person is in our service. 
A gentleman from Germany that lives here, and is 
acquainted with all the German officers that come 
over, is of opinion that Captain Wemecke never came 
to this country, but that he was lost with Mr. Zeller, 
whom he knew very well. 

I shall pay proper attention to the Duchesse de 
Melfort's Me^oire, and endeavour to procure the 
satisfaction she wants relative to the lands in Kew 
Jersey, but this will take up some time. With most 
cordial love and duty I remain, 
Dear and hon'd sir, 

'Your most affectionate son, 

KicH. Baghe. 

I wish I could have sent to me from France two 
dozen of padlocks and keys fit for mails, and a 
dozen post-horns ; they are not to be had here. 



Wabwiok, Angngt 15, 1778. 
Dbab Bbotheb: 

I wrote you concerning the enemies' being in 
possession of Philadelphia. I now congratulate you 
on their evacuation of it, and that they have done so 
little damage to the real estate in the city, as I hear 
from a transient person, for I have had no letter from 
your children yet to inform me of particulars: no 
doubt you have suffered much in moveables, but 
since they have got rid of them, I hope never more 
to return, that will be the easier to be borne. What 
success we shall have in expelling them from Bhode 
Island is uncertain; they have fortified themselves 
strongly, and, it is said, burnt and sunk all their ship- 
ping, since the French fleet came in, which looks as 
if they intended to fight, as they have no way to 
escape. Our army is gone on, what number I don't 
hear, but there are many volunteers ; my grandson^ 
and two of his brothers are of that number. Their 
brother, ye Gen'l, is also there. 

Mr. Hancock heads an independent company from 
Boston, of which it is said that there is not a man 
among them worth less than ten thousand pounds 
sterling. I hope they will have their desired success 

o Meaning Mr. Qreene, who married her granddaughter. His 

brother was Gen. Nathaniel Greene. 



for the sake of the whole community, and a little for 
ray own, for I have lived in constant jeopardy since 
the spring, when my children removed from Coventry 
to this place, where we are much exposed and have 
been under constant apprehension. I have been part 
of the time at the Governor's, but it was full as bad 
there, for they offered a reward for taking him. You 
will acknowledge that this is rather worse than being 
harried about by one's friends, yet I doubt not but 
that is troublesome to you, who are so desirous of 
retirement. I fear you will never be suffered to 
enjoy it. I had a hint from Mr. Williams at the time 
we received your letters by Mr. Dean, that gave me 
hopes of your return, but it is all blown over now. 
I was in hopes of a letter by the other brother, but 
suppose there was none, or Mr. Bache would have 
sent it ere now. I do not wonder if you are discour- 
aged from writing to me, for I fear you have never 
received any of my letters but the one you mention 
that was to have gone by my son CoUas, and I think 
I have sent seven. I always sent them through the 
hands of Mr. Bache or Mr. Williams, but two of them 
happened to go by my son CoUas, and we suppose he 
is taken again. Ho has had nothing but misfortune, 
and the sickness ; but it is very disagreeable to me to 
write troubles and diflBiculties, and I have in other 
letters informed you of his being a prisoner at New 
York a long time — ^has since been twice taken — once 
driven back in port by storm, to refit, which was the 


means of his having two of my letters to you. I had 
wrote many things about your children and their 
children, which I knew you would be glad to hear. 
I cannot now so much as say they are well. I wrote 
you of our friend Greene's being Governor, that Eay 
was at Mr. Moody's school and comes on bravely 
with his learning, that their eldest daughter was mar- 
ried to Major Ward. * * * * I write this with 
great reluctance, but as you desired me to inform 
you of my circumstances as well as health and situa- 
tion, it will not be confiding in you as such a friend 
as you have always been to me, and perhaps the only 
disinterested one I have in the world, to keep it back. 
I did some time ago write you that my expenses from 
Philadelphia had cost me seventy dollars ; that the 
price of one pair of shoes here was as much as I could 
buy seven pair for, of the same sort, when I was in 
Boston ; but I then wrote a mistake, for they asked 
me six dollars for a pair such as I used to buy for 
half a dollar a pair by the dozen in Boston, but I buy 
as little as possible. I also wrote you that what 
money I had, amounting to four hundred dollars, I 
had put to interest, only reserving for necessary use ; 
that I live comfortably with my grandchildren and 
have my health, but no income but what that little 
money produces, which, however, I should do very 
well with were it not for this dreadful affair. * * * 
I intended to have said a great deal to you about 
many other things, but my spirits feel so depressed 


and I have snch horrid pens and paper, I shall only 
add my love to yonr grandson from 

Your affectionate sister, 

Jane Mboom. 

K we have the good fortune to drive the enemy 
from Newport, I hope to be able to be one of your 
first informers and write in another manner. 



Fbilahklphia, October 22, 1778. 
Dear and Honottrbd Sir: 

This is the first opportunity I have had since 
my return home of writing to you. We found the 
house and furniture in much better order than we 
could expect, which was owing to the care the Miss 
Cliftons took of all we left behind; my being re- 
moved four days after my little girl was born, made 
it impossible for me to remove half the things we did 
in our former flight. I have much to tell you, but 
my little girl has the small-pox just coming out, and 
a good deal restless, tho' in a fine way ; she takes up 
most of my time, as I have none but a very young 
girl to attend her. She is a fine brown lass, but her 
sparkling black eyes make up for her skin, and when 
in health she has a good colour. I would give a good 
deal you could see her ; you can't think how fond of 


kissing she is, and gives such old-fashioned smacks, 
General Arnold says he would give a good deal to 
Have her for a school-mistress to teach the young 
ladies how to kiss. 

M. Gerard^ has been several times to see us, and 
has dined witli us ; we like him very much ; he prom- 
ises to be very friendly and come often ; he brought 
me one of your clay pictures ; the one you sent me, 
since I received the other, I gave to Mr. Hopkinson, 
who admires it very much and loves you ; he is go- 
ing to frame and gkze it. I promised him when in 
Manheim to send to you for one. We have not long 
been returned home. I chose to stay in the country 
on the children's account till the summer was over, 
and if it had suited Mr. Bache's business it would 
have been better to have stayed there altogether; 
there is hardly such a thing as living in town, every 
thing is so high the money is old tenor to all intents 
and purposes. K I was to mention the prices of the 
common necessaries of life, it would astonish you. I 
have been all amazement since my return, such an 
odds have two years made that I can scarcely believe 
I am in Philadelphia. This time twelvemonth when 
I was in town, I never went out or bought any thing, 
leaving it till I got up again, expecting we should 
stay, so that we ran away quite unprovided. I had 
two pieces of linen at the weaver's ; it has been there 

1 "Hie Minister from France. 


these eighteen months, and if it had not been for my 
friends [I] must have suffered, as it could not be 
brought where we were. I should tell you that I had 
seven table-cloths of my own spinning, chiefly wove 
before we lelRt Chester county ; it was what we were 
spinning when you went. I find them very useful 
and they look very well, but they now ask four times 
as much for weaving as they used to ask for the linen, 
and flax not to be got without hard money. I am 
going to write to cousin Jonatlian Williams to pm*- 
chase me linen for common sheets ; buying them here 
is out of the question : they really ask me six dollars 
for a pair of gloves, and I have been obliged to pay 
fifteen pounds fifteen shillings for a common cala- 
manco petticoat without quilting, tliat I once could 
have got for fifteen shillings. I buy nothing but 
what I really want, and wore out my silk ones before 
I got this. I do not mention these things by way of 
complaint : I have much less reason to complain than 
most folks I know ; besides, I find I can go without 
many things I once tliought absolutely necessary. I 
shall write to Temple by this opportunity; Mr. 
Bache, who sincerely loves him and wishes him every 
kind of happiness, has been a good deal distressed 
whether or not he should mention to you what he 
has heard about him, as it was a delicate subject, but 
he, as well as your other friends, thought it best you 
should know what is doing on this side the water. 
What wicked things pride and ambition make people 


do ! bnt I hope these envious men will be disappointed 
in every scheme of theirs to lessen your character or 
to separate you from those you love. Your knowing 
their intentions in time may be a means of disap- 
pointing them in their plan. 

I have wrote to dear little Ben. It makes me 
happy to hear he behaves so well. Mr. Deane gives 
him a very good character. Willy is a fine fellow, 
and is j[ust gone to a new school. Smith acted such a 
part last winter, besides the Trustees are almost all 
Tories, that his papa is not willing he should go to the 
Academy. He went to a German school at Man- 
heim,^ there being no other, and Mr. Morris bringing 
his family to town two months before us, left with 
nothing but Dutch boys to play with ; so that he 
learnt to speak their language very fluently, but I am 
afraid he will lose it here. As soon as my little Betsy 
gets well, I will sit down and give you a little history 
of every thing about the house. The chest of papers 
you left with Mr. Galloway, Mr. B. went up about. 
Bob brought them to town ; the lid was broken open 
and some few taken off the top. Mr. B. collected 
those about the floor, had it nailed up, and they are 
aU safe here. Mr. Galloway took not the least care 
of them, and used you, as he did everybody else, very 
ill. Honest Pritchard has made a little fortune, and 
gone home to Wales : he talks of returning. He came 

* In lAQCOster county, Pa. 


to Manheim last winter and paid me the whole of his 

There are so many have desired to be remembered 
to you that it's impossible to name them all, but 
Willy's duty, with Betty's and mine, I must beg you 
to accept. 

Being as ever, 

Tour dutiful daughter, 

S. Baohe. 


Boflioir, Oct. 24, 1778. 
Hon'd ahd svbr dear Papa : 

Allow me to address you by that tender appel- 
lation which you once entitled me to use, and to 
thank you for your agi*eeable favour of Feb. 28. 
Could you know the pleasure that every line from you 
gave me, I flatter myself I should be oftener indulged 
with hearing from you, as I know you delight in com- 
municating pleasure even to the undeserving. 

I waited a long time to give you an account of some 
signal success of our arms, but the letter I wrote you 
with the account of the Monmouth battle and Gen'l 
Lee's disgrace was taken. I again enclose the paper, 
as there is a probability that it may not have reached 

I love, I almost adore the French ladies for their 
kindness to you; but let me entreat you, my dear 


papa, not to let that inflaence you to stay one day 
longer in France than the service of your country re- 
quires ; believe me there are hundreds here as agree- 
able that are impatient to render you every service. 
I have one very amiable girl that, with her mamma, 
longs to see and converse with you. She desires I 
would present her respectful regards to you. 

I had the pleasure to hear from Aunt Mecom a few 
days since. She, with your niece and all our other 
friends there, were well. I hear by a gentleman from 
Philad'a that cousin Bache and family were well, and 
that she has another fine baby, on which I congratu- 
late you. I wish there was a thousand of them, and 
all as good as I think their grandpapa. 

I enclose you the late papers, and there is nothing 
new but what they contain, except that it is generally 
believed that the King's troops are leaving New York. 

I send you all the news I can collect, and you once 
told me there was no trade without a return ; then, 
sir, let me beg the favour of you, if you have any 
thing new that is proper to be known, that you would 
communicate it to me. My best friend is a sincere 
friend to the liberties of his country, anxiously con- 
cerned for her welfare, and curious in his inquiries, 
so that to have an opportunity to give him satisfaction 
will quite double the pleasure I feel. 

Mr. Partridge presents his respectful regards to 
you, and would think himself happy in an acquaint- 
ance with you. I am not yet out of hopes of your 


fulfilling your promise of spending eight or ten days 
with us in the little room on the wall. 

Brother and sister desire their affectionate regards 
may be presented to you. Tliat watchful angels may 
guard your precious life, and that health and every 
other blessing may attend you, is the earnest prayer 
of, dear sir, 

Tour affectionate daughter, 

Eliza Pabtbidge. 

P. S. You have told me that postscripts were gen- 
erally more attended to than the letter, I therefore 
take the liberty in a postscript to beg the favour of 
your picture in miniature, of a size proper to wear ou 
the neck, in as good a frame as you can get (I wish 
I could afford to decorate it with diamonds), and let 
me know the cost and I will remit it to yon with 

grateful thanks. 

E, P. 

January 2, 1779. 

The enclosed petition is from our worthy friend, 
Mr. John Green. Any service that you can render him 
in his way will be serving the public, and very much 
oblige one of the best of men and your humble ser- 
vant. Though this scrawl waited so long for a con- 
veyance, I have nothing new but what the enclosed 
papers furnish, and the compliments of the season. 



Phuadvlphia, January 17, 1779. 
Deab AND Honoured Papa : 

I did myself the pleasure of writing a long let- 
ter to you very lately, but am afraid it is taken, as I 
believe many of yours are. I am unwilling to think 
you neglect us, though Mr. IngersoU's coming from 
Friance without letters from you has given me great 
uneasiness. He lodged, too, in the same house with 
little Ben, and not a line from him. I hope soon, 
however, to be made happy with letters from you all. 
The present you sent me this month two years, I re- 
ceived a few weeks ago ; 'tis a prize, indeed. It came 
open, without direction or letter, and has come through 
three or four hands. I have received six pairs of 
gloves, nine papers of needles, a bundle of thread, and 
five papers of pins. I beg if you or Temple remem- 
ber what was sent, you will let me know. The last 
person to whose care they were given left them at a 
hair-dresser's, with directions not to send them to me 
till he was gone. Their being all opened makes me 
suspect I have not all ; what I have received makes 
me rich. I thought them long ago in the enemies' 
hands. The prices of every thing here are so much 
raised that it takes a fortune to feed a family in a very 
plain way : a pair of gloves 7 dollars, one yard of 
common gauze 24 dollars, and there never was so 
much dressing and pleasure going on; old friends 


meeting again, the Whigs in high BpiritB, and stran- 
gers of distinction among ns. I have taken the liberty 
of sending a small list to you by Col. Crenis. Mr. 
Bache has sent bills to Jonathan Williams for many 
things for me and the family, but I have had some 
other little wants since that time. The Minister was 
kind enough to offer me some fine white flannel, and 
has spared me eight yards. I wish to have it in my 
power to return as good to him, which I beg you will 
enable me to do. I shall have great pride in wearing 
any thing you send, and showing it as my father's 
taste. I have dined at the Minister's, spent an even- 
ing at Mr. Holker's, and have lately been several times 
invited abroad with the General and Mrs. Washing- 
ton. He always inquires after you in the most affec- 
tionate manner, and speaks of you highly. We danced 
at Mrs. Powell's your birth-day, or night I should say, 
in company together, and he told me it was the anni- 
veraaiy of his marriage ; it was jnst twenty years that 

My boy and girl are in health : the latter has ten 
teeth, can dance, sing, and make faces, tho' she cannot 
talk, except the word no and he done^ which she makes 
great use of. She is Ben over again, except a larger 
mouth. How happy I should be to see her seated on 
your knee I She is just such a plaything as Will was 

> It has been lately stated that the exact date of Gen. Washing- 
ton's marriage is unknown. This letter fixes it upon the 17th of 
January, 1759. 


when you came home last. I must tell you a little 
anecdote of him, and ask you if it is not time to teach 
him a little religion. He had heard a foolish girl that 
lived with me say that there was a death-watch in the 
room, and one of the family would soon die. He had 
not been long in bed before he came down in his shirt, 
screaming. I soon sent him up, and asking him in 
the morning how he could behave so, and what was 
the matter, he told me he thought death was coming. I 
was so frightened, says he, that I sweat all over, and 
I jumped out of bed and prayed up to Hercules. I 
asked him what he said? Down he went on his 
knees, with uplifted hands (I think I never saw such a 
picture of devotion), and repeated the Lord's prayer. 
Now, whether it is best to instruct him in a little re- 
ligion, or let him pray a little longer to Hercules, I 
should be glad to have your opinion. 

Mr. Duffield's family desired when I wrote to re- 
member them to you ; the youngest daughter I have 
introduced this winter to the Assembly. She is like 
the mother. The Ambassador told me he thought 
her a great acquisition to the Assembly. They lodge 
with us when in town. 

I have a piece of American silk which I shall send 
to you for the Queen. It will mid^e me happy if she 
condescends to wear it. It shall come by the first 
safe opportunity. I showed it to M. Gerard, whose 
opinion was that it would be acceptable. I wish much 
that he had brought his lady with him. I should be 


tempted to learn French if she was among us. He is 
very much beloved here. I feel a veneration for him, 
mixed with so much affection, that when he was con- 
fined by indisposition I went uninvited with Mr. 
Bache to see him. Mr. B. wrote to you this morning. 
My brother was well at N. York about a week ago. 
If Col. Crenis does not go away early I will write to 
Temple. Hiis is all the paper I have, and it is Sun- 
day. Bemember me to dear Ben. I long for another 
little French letter. 

I am, my dear sir. 

With great affection. 

Tour dutiful daughter, 

S. Baohb. 


Wabwick, Feb. 14, 1779. 
Mt dear, dbar Brother : 

Myself and children have always been a heavy 
tax upon you, but your great and uncommon good- 
ness has carried you cheerfully on under it, and we 
have all along enjoyed many of the comforts of life 
through jour boun^ we must otherwise have done 
without. It has pleased God to diminish us fast, and 
thereby your expenses and care of us. * * * * It 
has now pleased God to take poor Peter. * * * * 
His mouth was opened just before his death to com- 


mit himself to the mercy of God, and with a blessing 
on those about him, and sunk into eternity without a 
groan. Mr. Williams has kindly and faithfully taken 
the care of every thing concerning him in my absence. 
I now thank you and him. What could I have done 
without either of you ? You have supplied the means, 
he has taken the care. May God reward you and 
make you happy in your own posterity. I wrote you 
about six weeks ago by a neighbor of Governor 
Greene's, Mr. Wanton Casey. I hope you will receive 
some of the many I write, and that I shall not always 
be deprived of the pleasure of yours to me, which has 
been so long obstructed ; the last I received was by 
Mr. Simeon Dean. Cousin Jonathan Williams was 
so good as to write me you were well and in good 
spirits, which I had the good fortune to receive, 
tho' unfortunate in losing a present of tea he had 
sent me, which was much aggravated by my poor, 
wretched son-in-law's* being the bearer, who was 
taken the fourth time since the commencement of the 
war. I fear his poor, lonely wife has given herself up 
to despair, as she is apt to sink under trouble, and I 
can no otherways account for her long silence to me. 
She used to write often, and I have not had a line 
from her since the 27th Sept. * * * * Pardon 
my writing you these apprehensions. I do not take 

pleasure in giving you an uneasy thought, but it gives 

■ » ^— ~^ ' ■ ■ . . . I . - .. . . I ■ I I II 

> Captain CoUaa. 


some relief to unbosom one^s self to a dear friend, as 
yon have been to me. Father, husband, brother, and 
children, may I not live to be deprived of all in yon, 
but you live to see the happiness of your children's 
children confirmed, and a happy peace in America, 
prays y'r affectionate sister, 

Jane Meoom. 

Feb. 27. 

Since I wrote the above I have received a letter 
from my son CoUas from Nants ; says he has seen you, 
that you are well. I have also received one from his 
wife, who has been sick, but now pretty well ; has re- 
ceived some things her husband sent her. 



Wabwiok, June 23, 1779. 
DsAR Bbothxb : 

As I would not omit writing you by an oppor- 
tunity which I expect especial care will be taken to 
deliver, I have complied with a request made me by 
Mr. Casey, whose son I wrote by last fall, in favour of 
a Mr. Elkanah Watson, Col. Watson's son of Plymouth. 
I have gave him to understand I will inform you what 
he says of the young gentleman (which is, that he 
served an apprenticeship with Mr. John Brown of 
Providence, who gives him a very good character, and 


that hifi father is a man of a plentiful estate), and I tell 
him if he has merit, he may be able to recommend 

I have wrote you many letters (some of which I 
hope you have received) informing you of every thing 
concerning me worthy your attention. I have not 
yet received a line from you since that by Mr. Simeon 
Dean, but, bless God, I now and then hear of your 
health and glorious achievements in the political way, 
as well as in the favour of the ladies (" since you have 
rubbed off the mechanic rust and commenced com- 
plete courtier") who, Jonathan Williams writes me, 
claim from you the tribute of an embrace, and it 
seems you do not complain of the tax as a very great 

We have just heard that the fleet of transports are 
arrived at Baltimore. I hope my poor unfortunate 
son-in-law CoUas is so far safe among them, and, as I 
heard Jonathan Williams was coming with them, 
hope for letters from you by him. We have great 
news of the defeat of the Britons at Carolina ; which 
we hope is true, but have had no printed account of 
it yet. 

God grant this may put a final stop to their ravages ; 
ray grandson, whom I am with, lives where we have 
frequent alarms. They have come and taken off the 
stock about three quarters of a mile distant, and burnt 
houses a few miles from us, but hitherto we are pre- 



I have as much health as can be expected in com- 
mon for one of my years, and live in a very pleasant 
place, though not grand as I suppose yours is ; it gives 
me great delight. The family is kind and courteous, 
my grandson is a man of sound sense and solid judg- 
ment, and I take much pleasure in his conversation, 
though he talks but little. They have one child which 
they call Sally. Gov' Green, and family are well. I 
had wrote you their eldest daughter was married to 
Gov' Ward's son : they have now a fine son. Eay is 
still at Mr. Moody's school, a promising youth. 

I see few persons here of your acquaintance, which 
deprives me of much pleasure I used to have in con- 
versing about you; but I now and then see some- 
thing in the papers which pleases me, in particular 
their placing you alone in one of the arches at the 
exhibition made on the anniversary of the French 

Mr. Casey calls for the letter, and that puts all else 

I designed to write out of my mind, only to beg to 

hear particularly about Temple and Ben, and that I 

am ever 

Tour affectionate sister, 

Jane Mecom. 

The inclosed copy comes to my hand, which I send, 
lest you should not have received the other. 



Wabwick, July 27, 1779. 
Dear Brother: 

I have after a long year received your kind letter 
of Nov. 26, 1778, wherein you, like yourself, do all 
for me that the most affectionate brother can be de- 
sired or expected to do, and though I feel myself full 
of gratitude for your generosity, the conclusion of 
your letter affects me more, where you say you wish 
we may spend our last days together. O my dear 
brother, if this could be accomplished, it would give 
me more joy than any thing on this side Heaven 
could possibly do. I feel the want of a suitable con- 
versation — ^I have but little here* I think I could 
assume more freedom with you now, and convince 
you of my affection for you. I have had time to re- 
flect and see my error in that respect. I suffered my 
diffidence and the awe of your superiority to prevent 
the familiarity I might have taken with you, and 
ought, and [which] your kindness to me might have 
convinced me would be acceptable ; but it is hard 
overcoming a natural propensity, and diffidence is 

I was, in a few months after I wrote you the letter 
to which yours is the answer, relieved of my distress, 
as I have since informed you that if any of my letters 
to you must be lost, I wish it might be that, as I knew 
it must give you pain ; but as you have received that. 


I am not out of hopes the next, or at least some of 
them, have since come to your hand, though those I 
have wrote by particular persons who have desired to 
be introduced to your notice, I have wrote in a hurry, 
and commonly just after a long one containing all the 
particulars I wished to inform you of, that it is likely 
the most insignificant have reach you and the others 
are lost. 

I received a letter from Mr. Bache lately. He 
says they have had no letter from you or their son 
above a year, the last from Temple, and that dated in 
November. His was June 23d ; they were all well 
then : Jonathan Williams expected, but not arrived^ 

It is a very happy circumstance that you enjoy 
your health so perfectly ; it is a blessing vouchsafed 
to me also, except some trifling interruption and that 
but seldom, which I good deal attribute to my obser* 
vation of your former admonitions respecting fresh air 
and diet ; for, whatever you may think, every hint of 
yours appeared of too much consequence to me to be 
neglected or forgotten, as I always knew every thing 
you said had a meaning. 

The few friends I have here flock about me when I 
receive a letter, and are much disappointed that they 
contain no politics. I tell them you dare not trust a 
woman politics, and perhaps that is the truth ; but if 
there is any thing we could not possibly misconstrue 
or do mischief by knowing from you, it will gratify us 
mightily if you add a little to your future kind letters. 


Mr. Collas met a man in the street and Bent my 
letter. I have had no line from [him] or his wife, so 
do not know his inclination concerning the crown 
soap, bnt shall as soon as possible make some to send 
to you, but fear whether that can be till the new wax 
comes in, for I have tried shops and acquaintances 
here and cannot procure any : the country people put 
it in their summer candles. I have desired cousin 
Williams to tiy to pick up a little in the shops there, 
and shall try at Providence* I am sorry to be de- 
prived of the pleasure of gratifying you, but my 
power was always small, though my will was good. 
Your friends Greene are well, and he gives satisfac- 
tion in his office. They have both written to you 
since the date of yours to me. They are happy to 
hear of your health and success. My grandson and 
daughter send their duty to you ; they are a happy 
couple ; have one child, called Sally. He is a sensi- 
ble and very industrious man, and she a very good 
wife. Both treat me very kindly, and I believe I am 
as happy as it is common for a human being ; what 
is otherwise proceeds from my own impatience. 

That Gh)d may grant what you^hope for in the con- 
clusion of your letter, is the prayer of your affection- 
ate sister, 

Janb Mecom. 



Warwick, Sept. 12, 1779. 
DsAB Brother: 

I have DOW before me yours of Nov. 26, 1778, 
brought me by my unfortunate son OoUae, and one of 
April 22, 1779. The iirst I answered some time ago, 
but as you may not receive it, I now renew my thanks 
for it and the benefits there bestowed and confirmed 
in the other. Mr. Williams writes me he is ready to 
comply with your desire, but as Mr. Collas does not 
see any other way to settle on shore, it does not ap- 
pear to me it will in any measure do to support a 
family. It would be a great help when we could 
convince people they have been deceived by a miser- 
able imitation, and that no one else can make the true 
soap ; but that would be a work of time, and there 
will be no wax to be had till after frost comes. I 
did, by laying out every way, procure a small cake, 
and made a little, but not of the very best possible, 
as you desired, owing to some unavoidable impedi- 
ments, but sent it notwithstanding, as it will answer 
for your own use and Temple's, but would wish you 
not to make any presents of it, as I had not conve- 
niency to make but half the materials I procured. I 
hope the other will answer your wish, and shall make 
it and send it by the first opportunity. I desired 
OoUas to mark it No. 1, that you might know which 
it is, if both come to 'hand. 


Your very affectionate and tender care of me all 
along in life excites my warmest gratitude, which I 
cannot even think on without tears. What manifold 
blessings I enjoy beyond many of my worthy ac- 
quaintance, who have been driven from theu* home, 
lost their interest, and some have the addition of lost 
health, and one the grievous torment of a cancer, and 
no kind brother to support her,^ while I am kindly 
treated by all about me, and ample provision made 
for me when I have occasion. 

You could not have received information of the 
death of my son Peter, when you wrote the last I 
have received, as I had it not myself till twenty days 
afker the date of mine which you then received. I 
hope some others I wrote afterwards are come to your 
hand. I cannot but take great pleasure in hearing 
you enjoy so much health, and could wish you had 
no occasion for the remedy of those fits of the gout 
you are sometimes exercised with. I fear you feel 
pain enough when under them to consider it as a dis- 
ease, or, as we sometimes say, worse. The respect 
and friendship of all sensible people, wherever you 
go, I am sure you cannot fail of, but it is a great sat- 
isfaction to have a number of them so near you that 
you may take your own time to go to them. I have 
not the privilege of one neighbor nearer than two 
miles, but we have many agreeable people come to 
visit us, and I am always contented at home, and 

> Sally Hatch, Col. Hatch's sister, who went off with y* Britons. 


pleased to go abroad when sent for; otherwayB I can- 
not go, for our people have no carriage, and I ha'n't 
courage to ride a horse. 

You say Temple is still with you, and I hope the 
same dutiful and affectionate child and agreeable 
companion. Remember my love to him; but poor 
Ben, how will he support the loss of you both ? Was 
he willing to go ? ^ I had lately a letter from Mrs. 
Bache; she makes no mention of it, but I suppose 
they will cheerfully acquiesce in what you think for 
the best. Our friends here are well, and desire to be 
dutifully remembered to you. I heard the Governor's 
wife say she would write. When shall I have any 
foundation for the hope that we shall again meet and 
spend our last days together 2 America knows your 
consequence too well to permit your return, if they 
can possibly prevent it, and your care for the public 
good will not suffer you to desert them till peace is 
established, and the dismal sound of fifteen years 
from the commencement of the war dwells on my 
mind, which I once heard you say it might last K 
it does, it is not likely I shall last so long, but that 
you may continue in health and usefulness is the con- 
stant prayer of y'r affectionate sister, 

Jane Megom. 

P. S. I have no instruments to stamp the soap, but 
hope that will not depreciate its value. 

^ B. F. Bache had been sent to Geneva to school. 


FBOM MBS. BACHE.]:.fhza, Sept. 14, 1779. 
Dear and Honoured Sir : 

Everybody seems to be sorry that M. Gerard 
18 going to leave Philadelphia, but particularly this 
family, whose esteem he has entirely gained. He is 
kind enough to take charge of a box of squirrel-skins 
for Temple, in which is a parcel of newspapers for 
you, and a piece of homespun silk, which I have long 
wished to send you for the Queen, whose character I 
admire, and spoke to M. Gterard last winter about it, 
but never had an opportunity that I chose to trust it 
by. I could not presume to ask her acceptance of it 
from myself, but from you it may be agreeable ; it 
will show what can be sent from America to the looms 
of France. 

We are all well satisfied with your sending Benja- 
min to Geneva, knowing well that you would do 
every thing by him for the best ; but I cannot help 
feeling very sensibly when I consider the distance he 
is removed from you ; I wish with all my heart that 
his brother Will was with you, but much more so that 
you were with us. 

I am indeed much obliged to you for your very 
kind present. It never could have come at a more 
seasonable time, and particularly so as they are ne- 
cessary, and the bills Mr. Bache sent to Mr. Williams 
with a list have never been heard of. The Minister's 


secretary, couBin Williams writes, has taken charge 
of them from Boston, and he is now expected every 
hour. But how could my dear papa give me so 
severe a reprimand for wishing a little finery} he 
would not, I am sure, if he knew how much I have 
felt it. Last winter was a season of triumph to the 
Whigs, and they spent it gaily ; you would not have 
had me, I am sure, stay away from the Ambassadors' 
or Gerard's entertainments, nor when I was invited to 
spend the day with General Washington and his lady, 
and you would have been the last person, I am sure, 
to have wished to see me dressed with singularity ; 
though I never loved dress so much as to wish to be 
particularly fine, yet I never will go out when I can- 
not appear so as to do credit to my family and hus- 
band. The Assembly we went to, as Mr. B. was par- 
ticularly chosen to regulate them; the subscription 
was 15 pounds ; but to a subscription ball, of which 
there were numbers, we never went to one, tho' 
always asked. I can assure my dear papa that in- 
dustry in this hoase is by no means laid aside ; but 
as to spinning linen, we cannot think of that till we 
have got that wove which we spun three years ago. 
Mr. Du£Seld has bribed a weaver that lives on his 
farm to weave me eighteen yards, by making him 
three or four shuttles for nothing, and keeping it a 
secret from the country people, who will not suffer 
them to weave for those in town. This is the third 
weaver's it has been at, and many fair promises I 


have had about it. Tis not done and whitening, bnt 
forty yards of the best remains at Litiz yet, that I 
was to have had home a twelvemonth last month. 
Mrs. Keppele, who is gone to Lancaster, is to try to 
get it done there for me, but not a thread will they 
weave but for hard money. My maid is now spin- 
ning wool for winter stockings for the whole family, 
which will be no difficulty in the manufacturing, as I 
knit them myself. I only mention these things that 
you may see that the balls are not the only reason 
that the wheel is laid aside. I did not mention the 
feathers and pins as necessaries of life, as my papa 
seems to think. I meant that as common necessaries 
were so dear, I could not afford to get any thing 
that was not, and begged he would send me a few of 
the othens ; nor should I have had such wishes, but 
being in constant hope that things would soon return 
to their former channel^ I kept up my spirits, and 
wished to mix with the world ; but that hope with 
me is now entirely over, and this winter approaches 
with so many horrors that I shall not want any thing 
to go abroad in, if I can be comfortable at home. 
My spirits, which I have kept up during my being 
drove about from place to place, much better than 
most people's I have met with, have been lowered by 
nothing but the depreciation of the money, which has 
been amazing lately, so that home will be the place 
for me this winter, as I cannot get a common winter 
cloak and hat, but just decent, under two hundred 


pounds: as to gauze, now it is fifty dollars a yard, 
'tis beyond my wish, and I should think it not only a 
shame but a sin to buy it, ii* I had millions. I should 
be contented with muslin caps if I could procure 
them in the winter,— *in the summer I went without ; 
and as to cambric, I have none to make lace of. It 
is indeed as you say, that money is too cheap, for 
there are so many people that are not used to have it 
nor know the proper use of it, that get so much that 
they care not whether they give one dollar or a hun- 
dred for any thing they want; but to those whose 
every dollar is the same as a silver one, which is 
our case, it is particularly hard, for Mr. B. could not 
bear to do business in the manner it has been done 
in this place, which has been almost all by monopo« 
lizing and forestalling ; however, if he gets business 
from France, all may yet be well again. 

Aunt Mecom was very well lately. I had a letter 
from her. My little girl has just returned from Mrs. 
Duffield's ; she has gone through the summer charm- 
ingly and got all her teeth. I think myself very lucky 
to have had such a friend. It has been very un- 
healthy this summer in town, and the houses for ma- 
ny miles round so much destroyed that there was no 
getting a place to take the children to. All Mr. D.'s 
family were fond of Betty and very good to her ; she 
loves them quite as well as she does us ; I wish with 
all my heart you could see her and hear her talk : I 
think she is the favourite of her papa ; indeed she is 


one of the best behaved little things I ever saw, and 
quite as grave as Benjamin. 

The first time I see General Washington, I shall 
deliver your message to him; he talked to me several 
times about you last winter. There have so many peo- 
ple desired me to remember them to you that I know 
not where to begin, but Mr. Duffield's family and the 
Miss Cliftons I must not forget, as they were among 
those who desired to be particularly remembered to 
you. I am, my very dear papa, with the greatest 

Your dutiful daughter, 

S. Baohe. 


PBIL4DUPBIA, Sept. 18, 1779. 
* * * « « 

I now send you first bills of four sets for another 
year's interest, amounting to 486 dollars, which I wish 
safe to your hands ; these bills now sell here sixteen 
for one. I have sold some that I received for interest 
of my brother's money, at that rate, which in nominal 
value is almost equal to the original sum deposited in 
the Loan Ofiice. 

« # ' « « « 

I am obliged to you for your recommendations to 
the merchants of France as a correspondent ; my last 


letters will inform you that I have formed a connec- 
tion with Mr. Shee, and established a house for the 
purpose of doing commission business. I now send 
you a number of our circular lettere, with a request 
that you will disperse them and return me a list of 
the merchants you send them to. Our exports of 
flour and other staple will, I believe, soon take place, 
and as Congress have come to a resolution to emit no 
more than a certain sum, and pledged their faith to 
the United States that it will be so, I trust our money 
will appreciate by just degrees. As the prices of 
imported articles bear a proportion with the exports, 
and leave a considerable profit, I can't see that the 
adventurer can be affected by the depreciation ; and 
tho' he may not understand the depreciation, if he 
finds a profit accrue from the voyage equivalent to 
the risque, his purpose is answered. If from the ex- 
periments the merchants of France have made, they 
have had reason to judge unfavourably of their Amer- 
ican connections, and some of them have been in- 
duced to think they have been cheated, I am sorry 
for it. We wish for an opportunity of evincing to 
them that such connections may be formed with this 
country in the trading line as will well answer the 
adventurer's purpose, and reflect honour on the trade 
and connection. 

You made me happy by telling me that you have 
had a great deal of pleasure in Ben, as well as by the 
character you give me of him. I am confident your 


sending him to Geneva is meant for his benefit, there- 
fore I feel perfectly satisfied with the measure, tho' 
he is removed at such a distance from under your 
immediate eye. His mamma and I have wrote to 
him by this opportunity. We shall be glad to see the 
letters he writes you, as his correspondence with you 
will be more frequent probably than with us. We 
wish you may have leisure to go and see him ; the 
journey may conduce to your health and prolong a 
life that we affectionately respect and love. 

Among the many memoirs yon have sent me, I 
find there is an inquiry after Colonel Fleury. You 
may acquaint his friends that he is in good health, 
and that he has gained immortal honour this summer 
at the attack on Stoney Point, up the ISTorth Siver ; 
being acquainted with him, I will endeavour to pre- 
vail on him to write to his friends, but he possesses so 
much military genius tliat he cannot pay attention to 
jmy thing but the art of war. * * ♦ 

(The conclosion of this letter is lost.] 


Philad'a, Sept. 26, 1779. 
DxAB AND Honoured Sir : 

We wrote you fully some days ago, but M. 

Gterard's staying longer than he expected gives me an 

opportunity of telling you that we still continue well, 


and of sending you some more newspapers; it has 
been my earnest wish that Mr. G. might be detained 
a few days longer still, as I wanted him to stand god- 
father to a little stranger that is hourly expected, and 
is to be named after one of their Most Christian Maj- 
esties. I must beg you, my dear papa, to make the 
request to him, and desire he will name somebody to 
stand proxy. In my present situation I could not 
have it mentioned to him before he left Philad'a. 

The Queen has so many names, one of them will be 
honoiir enough. I must beg you to say which will 
be most pleasing to you.* 

The enclosed petition, and which I could not get 
off sending, is wrote by a person that came down to 
Congress from the people of Vermont, about their 
lands, and has always been employed to represent 
them, and though he does not want understanding, is 
one of the greatest oddities in the world. Mr. B. told 
him it was an improper time when France was doing 
so much for us, and that all the other towns that were 
burnt would think their claims to charity equal ; that 
the United States would take the matter up ; but he 
will not be said nay. I would have given a good 
deal if Temple, who used to delight in originals, had 
heard him converse and read his petition. 

Mr. Bache has been to wait on the new Minister,' 

> Mrs. Bache's fifth child, Lcm$, was bom October 7, 1779. 
* The Chevalier de la Luzerne. 


who told him my things were coming on with his 
l>agg*^6« I wish they would arrive before Mr. G. 
goes, as he spared me eight yards of fine white flannel 
last winter, when it was not to be bought, and I wished 
to return it, but as there is no chance of my having 
that in my power now, I shall beg the favour of you 
to return it to him with my best thanks. 

Mr. Wharton gives us very pleasing accounts of 
your health and spirits. That they may long continue 
is the constant prayer of your 

Dutiful and affectionate daughter, 

S. Bachs. 


P&iLADiLPHiA, October 2d, 1779. 


This letter will be handed you by Col. Fleury, 
who is not only a hero, but a man of merit, the same 
which took the standard at Stoney Point. He is a 
favourite of General Washington's and Baron Steu- 
ben's, the latter of which gentlemen introduced him 
to Mr. B. and me : one of the papers you sent over 
was to enquire him out; he says he has often wrote 
to his friends. Mr. Bache was to have given him a 
letter to you, but is now out on business that will de- 
tain him near the whole day. He desired I would 
introduce Col. Fleury to you, who is to caD this morn- 
ing for the letter. 



The publisher of the American Magazine wrote to 
you 8ome time ago to desire you would send him some 
newspapers, and sent you some of his firet numbers. 
I suppose you have never received them. I now send 
six, not that I think you will find much entertainment 
in them, but you may have heard there was such a 
performance, and may like to see what it is ; besides 
its want of entertainment may induce you to send 
something that may make the poor man's Magazine 
more useful and pleasing. Tell Temple tlie Cave of 
Vanhest is a very romantic description of Mr. and 
Mrs. Blair's house and family ; the young ladies that 
the traveller describes and is in love with, are chil- 
dren, one seven months younger than our Benjamin, 
and the Venus just turned of five. Mrs. Blair was in 
town last week, enquired very kindly after you both, 
and begged when I wrote to remember her affection- 
ately both to you and Temple. As I have mentioned 
her being in the country, you may think it some other 
Mrs. Blair; 'tis necessary to tell you 'tis my old friend 
Suky Shippen, who has never returned to town since 
they were driven out by the enemy, but has rented a 
farm on the Karitan. As Mr. Gerard is still detained, 
I shall have it in my power to write you again in a 
few days. 

I am, my dear papa, 

Your dutiful and affectionate daughter, 

S. Baohb. 



Cambbuwb, 28 Oct'r, 1781. 
Dear Brother: 

I am now here on a visit to my daughter, who 
lives in this town, and have accidentally met a young 
gentleman who is to sail for France in a few days. I 
know it will be agreeable to you to hear I am well 
and my daughter in much better health than usual; 
but her husband, after making one successful voyage, 
is again in the hands of the enemy at Haliiax. She 
desires her duty to you. 

Mr. John Thayer, the gentleman by whom this 
goes, has had a liberal education and has served in 
this Commonwealth with acceptance, but now chooses 
to go abroad with a view of seeing the world and 
making his fortune ; I have no personal acquaintance 
with him, but hear he is much esteemed in Boston : I 
take the liberty to introduce him to my dear brother, 
in hopes this one at least of seven letters I have wrote 
him since the date of his last to me that I have re- 
ceived, will reach his hand. If I should be so lucky 
and all the rest have been lost, I shall try to recollect 
the contents of some of them (for I keep no copies) 
which I wished you to know, and send by some other 
opportunity. I am this day going to Boston in pur- 
suit of a collection of your works, which I hear is 
lately come from Europe ; some of which I have been 
in possession of, and have lost. You will say, then, 1 


don't deserve to have them again, but maybe not, if 
you knew all the circnmstances. However, there is 
mai^ things I never had, and I can hardly help en- 
vying any one that pleasure without my partaking. 

I left my grandchildren and great-grandchildren 
well where I commonly reside, and expect to return 
in about a fortnight. Governor Greene's wife told 
me as I came along she had lately wrote you ; their 
family all well then. 

From your affectionate sister, 

Jahb Mboox. 


BoflioN, October 29, 1781. 
Mt Dkab Brothbr: 

I see you do not forget me, tho' I have so long 
mourned the want of a line from your own hand to 
convince me of it, March, '79, being the date of the 
last I have received from you ; but I have just now 
received a large package from cousin Jonathan Wil- 
liams by your order, of considerable value, but I have 
not yet time to know exactly. They are things much 
sought for by our dressing ladies, which will procure 
money, tho' I thank God and you, I have not wanted 
any good thing. I live very comfortable with my 
grandchildren for good living in the family; and 
your bounty suppUes me with all I ought to wish be- 


sides your good company. The glorious news we 
have received from the southward makes us flatter 
ourselves you may return to us soon, and, Mr. Wil- 
liams says, live and enjoy health and happiness twenty 
years yet. I have no such expectation for myself, but 
I wish those a blessing I may leave behind. I have 
at length found the sermon you were desirous to see, 
among Mr. Stillman's^ and now send it; I hope it will 
get safe to hand and procure you some pleasure to 
find such worthies among us. I wrote from Cam- 
bridge, where my daughter lives, by a young man, 
who I expected was to sail the next day. I am afraid 
you will think me too presumptuous -to introduce to 
you persons I know nothing of but by hearsay, but I 
am too apt to give way to their solicitations, and by 
that means may have been troublesome to you, tho' 
I hope your long experience will enable you to get 
rid of them if they prove so. I mentioned my being 
coming to Boston in search of a book containing all 
your public writings, but I cannot yet find it; y per- 
son in whose hands I heard it was, is gone out of 
town. I have only time to subscribe 
Your most obliged, grateful and affectionate sister, 

Janb Mboom. 

Pray write me the particulars of the news they 
send from here in a hand-bill. 



PinT*AT)»T.PHiA, Kovember 24thy 1781. 
Dear Ain> Hon'd Sir! 

I am happy in having so good an opportunity 

as the present to let you know that we are all well. 

Sally would have wrote, but the Marquis La Fayette 

and General Du Portail's sudden departure, together 

with her necessary engagements in the nursery will not 

admit of it; an opportunity will present itself in a few 

days from this port, which she means to embrace. 

We have received no letters from you lately; the last 

was dated 14th May, accompanied by some of Ben's 

letters, which are always very acceptable. We have 

received likewise his picture. Mr. Villiard has never 

made his appearance here; when he does, we shall 

shew him every civility in our power. 

I have received bills for your last year's interest 

money in the Loan Office, but necessity has obliged 

me to dispose of them for cash ; the many demands 

on me for arrearages of groimd-rents, which during 

the depreciation of paper money were not called for ; 

the necessary repairs to your dwelling-house, such as 

new shingling part of the pent-houses on both sides of 

the house ; new spouts, one a copper one in the room 

of the leaden one taken away by the public in the 

year 1777, for which I never could get any payment; 

besides other demands, and the non-payment of my 

salary as P. M. General, having now upwards of three 


years due to me ; — ^I say all these things pressing upon 
me at the same time, has necessitated me to dispose 
of your bills, a liberty I hope you will forgive me for; 
and you may rest assured that should I be able to re- 
ceive the amount of my salary soon, your bills shall 
be replaced. A new arrangement is likely to take 
place in the Post-Office Department, Congress having 
taken it into their heads that a P. M. General and 
Assistants, instead of the present arrangement of 
Comptroller and Surveyors, will be sufficient to 
transact the whole business, and upon this new plan 
some of the States, particularly the New England 
States, are desirous of appointing a new Post-Master 
General ; they wish to put in Mr. Hazard. This mat- 
ter was put to vote before I knew a tittle about it ; 
thinking myself ill-used, I had determined to have re- 
signed, but upon consulting some of my friends was 
dissuaded from it; there the matter rests, and thus I 
am to be requited for my past services. All that 
gives me concern in this business is, that if I am dis- 
placed, it will convey to the world an idea that I 
have not done nay duty ; but, thank God, nothing of 
this sort can be alleged against me. I shall, there- 
fore, endeavour to reconcile myself to the worst that 
can happen. 

Sally and our four little ones are well ; they join 
me in love and duty. I am ever, dear sir, 

Your dutiful and affectionate son, 

EioH. Baohe. 



Boston, Dec'r 6, 1781. 
Ever Hon'd and Dear Papa: 

I have nothing new to write you, but presume 
on your goodness to indulge me the pleasure of chat- 
ting with you on paper, and telling you I can't ex- 
press how happy these signal successes of our arms 
have made me, as I flatter myself it will facilitate 
your return to your native country. Oh, how I enjoy 
that pleasing idea I 

I wrote you in my last that I expected to see Aunt 
Mecom : I have had that happiness. She was well 
and happy in hearing from you and receiving such 
generous proofs of your aflFection. She had not heard 
from you so long that it gave her great pain. She 
left us last week to return to her granddaughter, with 
whom and the dear babes she is very happy. 

Our friend Mrs. Greene has been in town with one 
of her daughters. She is well and happy in her 
growing family. She has two fine grandsons. She 
returned home yesterday, but left her daughter with 
us, who is an amiable girl. 

Receive, dear sir, my grateful acknowledgments 
for your resemblance, but I wish it had been coloured, 
as the paleness of the countenance gives me melan- 
choly ideas. But, 

1 pressed the dear image close up to my &oe, 
And vdshtd the original was in its place. 


My daughter presents her respectful compliiuents 
and thanks to you for the kisses, but I see her 
think she had rather received them from your 
warm lips. 

I make no apology for recommending to you Mr. Ver- 
monet, the gentleman who will deliver you this letter, 
as I know you to be, as the child said of cousin Kezia 
Coffin, when sent to invite her to dine, he had forgot 
her name, and after hesitating a long time, he says, I 
can't think of her name, but 'tis that lady who is 
everybody's friend. But this gentleman may perhaps 
be better known in France than he is here, for he was 
brought up in Paris and his friends live near there. 
He has been several years in this country, and has 
sustained the character of a sober, honest, industrious 
man and capable of business. He married a fine girl, 
a granddaughter of the late Col. Downes (who lived 
in the next house to my mamma's) ; he has two sweet 
babes, and I believe has been run out of business by 
her father's being taken from doing any thing by sick- 
ness, and his having him and his family in a great 
measure to support ; that if you can render him any 
service without disserving yourself, I shall esteem it a 

Brother and sister desire I would present their 
affectionate regards to you. Brother Thomas is on 
the verge of matrimony with a very agreeable widow. 
Brother Tuthill lives single yet 1 and I believe will 
die the half of the scissors. 


Mr. Partridge with our daughter join in wishing 
you health and every other blessing, with, dear sir, 

Your affectionate daughter, 

Eliza. Pabtbidoe. 


Philadilphia, March the 16, 1788. 
DxAB Grandpapa : 

I embrace this opportunity of letting you know 
that papa is going to Passy to wait upon you home 
to Philadelphia. My sister is going to boarding- 
school to Miss Beckwith. There is 'a refugee row- 
galley brought in here. Bob' says he is very glad 
to hear that you are in a good state of health. There 
are two French frigates going out to fight two British 
ones. I am going to Latin school to-morrow. I hope 
that Benny can read my letter. I see that he can 
write English. My sister wants some babies, some 
gloves, and some shoes, and a little sofa for her and 
her baby. Please to let me know if Benny is 
well. * * ♦ * 

» Bom May 81. 1778. 

> A manumitted neg^^, known in the family as Daddy Bob. On 
one occasion when he was going to the theatre, he made his appear- 
ance in the kitchen with his wool full of flour, and on being asked 
what he meant, he said it was to " help make laugh." 


My mamma has wrote yon a letter. My papa and 
mamma received Benny's picture. The people talk 
of peace. We had a dog named Jnno, but she is lost. 
Carlo is alive, but Pompey is dead. We have a dog 
that is Juno's sister; her name is Fanny. She is 
papa's favourite dog, that he takes a-hunting with 
him. She is of the same breed as Carlo. Betsy, 
Louis, Deborah, and myself are very well, and they 
send their love to you. 

I am your most affectionate grandchild, 

William Baohb. 


BoROH, April 29, 1788. 
Dear Brother : 

I have at length received a letter from you in 
your own handwriting, after a total silence of three 
years, in which time part of an old song would some- 
times intrude itself into my mind — 

Does he love and yet forsake me, 


Can he forget me, 
WUl he neglect me ? 

This was but momentary ; at other times I concluded 
it was unreasonable to expect it, and that you might 
with great propriety, after my teasing you so often, 
send me the answer that Kehemiah did to Tobias and 
Sanballat, who endeavoured to obstruct his rebuild- 


ing the Temple of Jerusalem, " I am doing a great 
work. Why ehould the work cease whilst I leave it 
and come down to you ?" 

And a great work, indeed, you have done, Gk)d be 
praised. I hope now you, yourself, will think you 
have done enough for the public, and will now put in 
execution what you have sometimes wished to be per- 
mitted to do : sit down and spend the evening with 
your friends. I am looking round me at Cambridge 
for a commodious seat for yon, not with any great 
hopes of your coming there, 1 confess (but wishes), 
knowing you are accommodated so much to your 
mind at Philadelphia, and have your children there. 
I should, however, expect a share of your corres- 
pondence when you have leisure; and, believe me, 
my dear brother, your writing to me gives me so 
much pleasure that the great, the very great, pres- 
ents you have sent me are but a secondary joy. I 
have been very sick this winter at my daughter's; 
kept my chamber six weeks, but had a sufficiency for 
my supply of every thing that could be a comfort to 
me of my own, before I received any intimation of 
the great bounty from your hand, which your letter 
has conveyed to me, for I have not been lavish of 
what I before possessed, knowing sickness and misfor- 
tunes might happen, and certainly old age ; but I shall 
now be so rich that I may indulge in a small degree 
a propensity to help some poor creatures who have 
not the blessing I enjoy. 


My good fortune came to me all together to com- 
fort me in my weak Btete; for as I had been so un- 
lucky as not to receive the letter you sent me thro' 
your son Bache's hands, tho' he informs me he for- 
warded it immediately, his letter with a draft for 
twenty-five guineas came to my hand just before yours, 
which I have received, and cannot find expression 
suitable to acknowledge my gratitude how I am by 
my dear brother enabled to live at ease in my old age 
(after a life of care, labour, and anxiety), without 
which I must have been miserable. * * * * 

I was quite in a weak state when I came to Boston, 
but find myself ^row stronger every day. [I] pro- 
pose to go to the State of Rhode Island in about a 
fortnight, to spend tho summer. I think if you come 
to America, and come this way, you will not fail to 
call on me and our good friend Greene. She desired 
me long ago to tell you how happy she was in the ac- 
quaintance of some gentleman you recommended to 
them, how exactly he answered your description, but 
I then forgot it, and can't now remember the name. 
I heard from them lately; they are all well; have an 
increase of grandchildren, which makes them very 

I perceive Mr. Williams is highly pleased with his 
entertainment in France. Writes about going to 
England, and not returning in less than a year. How- 
ever that may be, I shall cherish some hopes that you 
will come with him, tho' on second thoughts I think 


it will be too raluable a treasure among our families 
to venture in one bottom, but shall depend on that 
Providence which has hitherto been your preserver, 
protector, and defender, and am, as ever, 

Your affectionate and obliged sister, 

Jane Meoom. 

My love to W. T. F., whose handwriting in your 
letter, and his name in the signing the treaty as a 
Secretary, gives me pleasure. 


Philadilphia, Sept. 9, 178S. 
DxAR AND Honoured Sir : 

Totir friends, the Vaughan family,^ are now 
under our roof. The pleasure we take in entertaining 
everybody that you love, and that loves you, makes 
us happy in their company. They are come to settle 
among us, and what little I have seen of them prom- 
ises a very agreeable addition to our society. My let- 
ter to-day on their account will rather be short, as I 
have a good deal to attend to. My dear nephew on 
this account will excuse me by this vessel. We shall 

> The Iftte Mr. John Vaughan, Secretary of the Philo8ophical So- 
ciety, was one of them. 


shortly have an opportunity by which I will write 
largely, being, as ever, 

Yonr affectionate daughter, 

S. Baohb. 


Bhiladxlphia, Not. 5, 1788. 
Dbar Aim Honoured Sir : 

Most earnestly have I wished for the definitive 
treaty to arrive, and Oongress to find a resting-place, 
that they might then have time to recall you, and our 
little family be onoe more joined. The treaty, I am 
told, is come, but where Congress will settle, no one 
can say. They have lost much of the confidence of 
the people since they began to wander. Your old 
friend, General Gates, told me they were all splitting 
and separating, that no man in the world could hoop 
the barrel but you, and that you were much wanted 
here. Your old friends, the Vaughans, are here, and 
have taken a house in our neighbourhood. I promise 
myself great pleasure in their society this winter. The 
time they stay'd with us on their first coming with 
your recommendation of them has made me quite 
their friend. I never knew, altogether, a more amia- 
ble family. 

• « • • • 



Thi Cum, on the Banks of Scbuylkill, ) 

[June, 1784.] 
HoNouRBD Sir : 

By Major Depon tiers I wrote you a short letter 
the other day ; it was at the very instant of my mov- 
ing ; I had neither pen nor wafer. I hope you will 
excuse the appearance it made. I thought you would 
be happy to hear I was well, even if it were wrote in 
Greek characters. My little Kichard is most amaz- 
ingly recovered since we came out here, and the whole 
little family in such spirits that 'tis impossible to find 
a qniet moment for reflection or writing. They are 
now all jumping and dancing about me, and, to add 
to the sprightliness of the scene, Willy has brought 
out two young friends to dine with him : he will write 
as soon as they leave him. The Minister will give 
you a description of the delightful place we are at; 
he was particularly pleased with it. But no one can 
paint the disappointment I have met with in your not 
coming this summer : I am now sorry I ever flattered 
myself with the thought. Nothing but the size of my 
family prevents my making you a visit in France. "We 
are much indebted to the Chevalier de la Luzerne for 
many polite attentions to us ever since he first came, 
and part with him with regret, wishing it had been 
more in our power to have added to his happiness 
during his stay at Philad'a. I do not think we shall 


ever have a person in his station that will do greater 
honour to it, or leave behind more friends both to 
himself and his nation. He very politely called here 
the other day to take leave, and offer to take any thing 
for yon. I am sorry it is at snch a season that there 
is nothing to send ; I cannot think of any thing that 
would be acceptable. Mr. Marbois was married on 
Thursday last to Miss Moore.^ We had an invitation 
to breakfast at the Minister's and see the ceremony. 
It was no small mortification to me that it was not in 
my power to go. Mr. B. was there. I shall en- 
deavour to get to town to wait on the bride. 

I shall write both to my nephew and son, and if 
possible to Mrs. Barclay and Montgomery, and another 
to you, as I promised Dr. Bancroft I would. I am, 
with great affection, 

Your dutiful daughter, 

S. Bache. 

' Francis Barbe de Marbois, the Consal-General of France, was 

married on the 17th of June, 1784, to the daughter of WiUiam 

Moore, late President of the Supreme EzecatiTe Ck>ancil of Pennsyl- 





Boron, July 4, 1784. 
Dear Brother : 

I often recollect the advice you once gave one 
of my sons, to do the right thing with spirit, and not 
to spend time in making excuses for not doing it, and 
I ought to have profited by it, but I have so long de- 
layed writing to you that I am hardly capable of 
making any excuse at all, and now have no time to 
attempt it. I have removed from Cambridge with 
my Bon-in-law Collas and his wife, and now live in 
your house at the North End,^ and, Mr. Collas being 
absent, seldom see any one to inform us how the world 
goes. [I] am now at Cousin William's, where I am 
informed a ship is to sail this day with a gentleman 
in it who goes directly to you. I can't remember 
either his name or office, by which you will see what 
a confused state my mind is in, for I just heard 
it below. I am often afflicted with great dizziness, 
and expect, or fear, if I live much longer, to be in such 
circumstances as Dean Swift was. K it pleases God 
to hear my prayer, death will be much preferable ; 
but who am I, to prescribe to the Almighty ? The an- 
guish of mind I have undergone on your account 
since I heard of the grievous malady you are exer- 

1 This house was on Unity-street ; the yard adjoined the grave- 
yard of the Old North Church. 


cised with, has made me consider which of the two 
cases I should prefer, and I think yours, bad as it is» 
Don't think from this that I don't feel all for you that 
the intimate knowledge of such cases, all the tender- 
ness and affection that is due to one who has been as 
a father, husband, and always the best of brothers, 
deserves ; but your retaining your intellectual facul- 
ties, and such fortitude to bear up under it, must be 
preferred to a senseless stupidity. 

But oh, that after you have spent your whole life in 
the service of the public, and have attained so glorious 
a conclusion, as I thought, as would now permit you 
to come home and spend (as you used to say) the 
evening with your friends in ease and quiet, that now 
such a dreadful malady should attack you ! My heart 
IS ready to burst with grief at the thought. 

How many hours have I lain awake on nights, 
thinking what excruciating pains you might then be 
encountering, while I, poor, useless, and worthless 
worm, was permitted to be at ease. O that it was in 
my power to mitigate or alleviate the anguish I know 
you must endure ! 

I have been flattered all the spring and summer that 
you were coming home. I know your wisdom will 
direct to improve all circumstances that will be most 
commodious for the desired end ; but I fear if you 
take ship for Philadelphia I shall never see you. 
Travelling vrill be so incommodious to you that when 
you are got home you will not prevail with yourself 


to Bee New England ; but if you come here first, yon 
can go mostly, if not altogether, by water, as yon 
know, and it may not be so trying to you. Qod grant 
I may see you again here, but if not, that we may 
spend our happy eternity together in his presence. 

Mr. Williams has. told me that he has informed you 
particularly about my affairs, but I did not think that 
would justify me in not writing myself; but I have 
now neither letters nor papers, nor time to say any 
thing more than that I am your most obliged and 
affectionate sister, 

Jane Meook. 

If wind and weather should detain the ship, I will 
write again. At present, pray forgive the very bad 
spelling, and every other defect, and don't let it mor- 
tify you that such a scrawl came from your sister. 
Mr. "Williams says my love to the Doctor. Mine to 
your grandsons. 


Boston, Sept. 28, 1786. 

Blessed be Gbd who has brought my dear brother 
safe to his desired port, that has answered my daily 
prayers for his comfort and ease, that you have had 
BO good a passage, and but one day's illness from 
the malady that attends you. I never can be thank- 
ful enough for these particulars, nor for his continued 


mercies to me, which are all along beyond my con- 
ception as well as deserts. I long so much to see yoa 
that I should immediately seek for some one that 
would accompany me, and take a little care of me, 
but my daughter is in a poor state of health, and gone 
into the country to try to get a little better, and I am 
in a strait between two ; but the comfortable reflection 
that you are at home among all your dear children, 
and no more seas to cross, will be constantly pleasing 
to me till I am permitted to enjoy the happiness of 
seeing and conversing with you. 

Our friend Catharine Greene is the same kind, 
good-natured creature that she ever was (and so in- 
deed is the Governor and all the family). She bids 
me never forget to remember her to you when I 

You will forgive all omissions and defects, as I fear 
the post will be gone before I can get it there, and 
can only add, God bless you all together forever. 
Prays your aflfectionate sister, 

Jane Mboom. 


Boston, October 1, 1785. 
D£AR Brother: 

I can't express to you how much joy 1 feel at 

knowing yon are at home and so much more at ease 

than I expected in regard to your bodily state ; but I 


perceive by the newspapers that you are not to be 
suffered to rest as long as you are aliye. I was in 
hopes you would have resolutely resisted all solicita^ 
tions to burden yourself any more with the concerns 
of the public, and flattered myself if I were with you 
I should enjoy a little familiar domestic chit-chat like 
common folks ; but now I imagine all such attempts 
would be intrusion, and I may as well content myself 
at this distance with the hopes of receiving once in a 
while a kind letter from you and believing you are 
happy with your other connections. 

You mention your writing to me just before your 
departure from France. I have not received such a 
one. The last I received from you was dated April 
12, which I mentioned to you last post. I am grieved 
ever since I sent it that I did not mention how much 
I felt myself affected with the affectionate mention 
cousin Jonathan Williams made of me in his letter to 
his father, but I thought he would immediately follow 
his letter and I should have the pleasure of telling 
him myself. I rejoice, too, at the arrival of your two 
grandsons, who, I am sure, must be very happy in 
being deservedly caressed by all their friends and old 
acquaintances. My daughter is still in the country, 
but she informs me she is better. My love to Mr* 
and Mrs. Bache and all the children. 

From your affectionate sister, 

Jake Meoom. 



BonoN, Oct. 19, 1786. 
Dear Brother : 

I long much to see you, and as my niece had 
just before your arrival informed me it was impossi- 
ble for you to come here, I had thought of going to 
you, but would not determine till I should know if it 
would be agreeable to you. Your kind letter of Oct'r 
1st lets me know your mind, and I am satisfied, and 
will hope, too, that I shall see you here in the spring, 
as it was before what I utterly despaired of; the 
thoughts of your enjoying so much ease as to hope it, 
will cheer many a gloomy hour I should otherwise 
hare had through the winter. 

I am apt to be too communicative. I had better 
have suppressed the information I gave yon of Mr. 
Vernon's ingratitude, tho' I then thought it would be 
best for you to know the man ; you come at too much 
of such painful knowledge, and I fear it appears to you 
I am of the number of ingrat*. I believe I did not 
tell you how thankfully I received the benefit, but be 
assured, my dear brother, that there is not a day 
passes that my heart does not overflow with gratitude 
to you and adoration of the Supreme Benefactor of all 
mankind, who puts in your power not only to make 
me as happy as humanity can expect to be, but ena- 
bles you to diffuse your benefits, I had almost said, to 
the whole Universe. 


I know jouT judgment as well as practloe is, 
Kindness of heart by deeds express ; 

but it is mj opinion words should not be excluded 
(tho' I sometimes neglect them), especially when there 
is no opportunity to perform deeds. 

I think it was not till the very day you arrived that 
Mr. Williams got that bill you sent me on Dr. Cooper 
transferred to him. I expect he either has or wiU 
write you the particulars. 

After my love to my two nephews, give me leave 
to beg the favour of one of them, by your permission, 
to give me a catalogue of the books you design for 
Franklin Town. My reason for this request is, I have 
a great deal of time on my hands ; I love reading, it 
is a pleasant amusement, tho' my memory is so bad 
that I cannot retain it, as many others do ; now I am 
sure that will be a collection worth reading, and I 
don't doubt I can borrow of one and another of my 
acquaintances from time to time such as I have a 
mind to read. 

My daughter is returned from the country, much 
mended in her health. She with my granddaughter 
Jenny Mecom desire their duty. Bemember my 
love to Mr. and Mrs. Bache and all the children. 
Your affectionate sister, 

Janb Mboom. 



BoROH, Not. 7, 1786. 
Dear Brothxr : 

You must indulge me in writing often to you, 

since I cannot see you. This is the third since your 

last to me. * * * * As to myself I live very 

much to my liking. I never had a taste for high life, 

for large companies and entertainments. I am of 

Pope's mind, that Health, Peace, and Competence 

come as near to happiness as is attainable in this life, 

and I am in a good measure in possession of all three 


at present ; if they are at times a little infringed oc- 
casionally on by accident, I view it as the common lot 
of all, and am not much disturbed. 

Our friend Catharine Greene expressed such lively 
joy at the news of your arrival, that her children told 
lier it had thrown her into hysterics, but she says she 
is not subject to that disorder. She tells me you have 
honoured them with a letter. * * * * 

I dined with this gentleman at Mr. Bradford's, and 
ventured to invite him to come and drink tea with us, 
which he readily accepted and very politely offered 
to carry your letter. We live always clean and look 
decent, and I wanted he should tell you he saw me at 

My daughter has returned from the country, much 
mended in health. Her husband is expected every 


day from the West Indies ; he has a prospect of doing 
better than common if he gets in safe. 

She with my granddaughter Jenny Mecom remem- 
ber their duty to you. Kemember love to all yours, 
from your 

Affectionate sister, 

Jajs[e Meoom. 


BoexoN, Nov'r 80, 1785. 
Dear Brother: 

I received yours by cousin Jonathan Williams 

with the catalogue, for which I thank you, and shall 

with pleasure comply with all you desire. The leaches 

are set up with the soap. We make it next week. 

Cousin Jonathan is very alert in assisting, and I am 

pleased that it will not totally die. 1 have no stamp, 

and I fancy if any should be made for Aiherica, it 

would be clever to have thirteen stars ; for the crown 

soap now vended among us is as contemptible as the 

British Head that now wears one — dirty, stinking 


I yesterday received your kind letter you wrote me 

while you were on the road in France. Your constant 

attention to my comfort and satisfaction affects me 

much ; that there could be such an easy carriage for 

you by land, how happy ! I wish we had such in 


America.* You were kept at work till the last min- 
ute, and glorious work have you performed. May 
God still prosper and support you. 

I have begun the account of our relations, and shall 
send it in my next. Cousin Jonathan and I have not 
yet had time together without other company, to cast 
up that matter about Mr. Vernon's bill, but we shall 
take that time while we are making soap. 

There is in your jail a young man, son to Mr. * * * 
of Chelsea, who is dead, who is condemned for an 
assault. He has neither friends nor relations there. 
His father died poor, but he has a brother who has 
worked himself, with the aid of charity, through 
Dartmouth College, and is now studying divinity. I 
have been many years acquainted with his grand- 
mother on his mother's side, a worthy woman but in 
low circumstances, and now near expiring with the 
palsy. I suppose on the strength of that acquaintance 
he thought he might make application to me. He 
says his brother writes him he is perfectly innocent of 
the crime laid to his charge ; that it was committed 
by another person belonging to the same vessel, who 
is run away. They think you can do every thing, 
and I know you will do every thing that is proper 
and convenient for you to do ; but I very much fear 
the impropriety of my giving you the trouble of so 

> Dr. Franklin was carried from Paris to the sea-side in a sedan 
chair. He had one made for himself after his return to Philadelphia. 
He bequeathed it to the Pennsylvania Hospital. 


much as reading this account of the matter, but they 
pleaded your humanity and I was forced to promise 
I would mention it to you. 

If the lad writes the truth, and there can be a way 
found out that will answer the penalty of the law by 
binding him to serve some one at sea, which he has 
been used to, that he may not suffer through a winter 
in a prison, and your speaking about the affair will 
prevent it, I wish it ; but I know nothing of the lad. 
He may deserve a halter for all I know, notwithstand- 
ing his being a branch of a good family. Tou can 
know the truth of the matter, perhaps, if you enquire, 
but I fear I hare made too free with you on the ac- 
count. Forgive me and tell me so if I have. 

My daughter joins me in most dutiful and affec- 
tionate regards. 

Jane Mboom. 


BO01ON, 6 Jan., 1786. 
Dear Brother: 

I want much to know how you are and have 
been since you have been at home, but fear to be too 
often inquisitive lest I should provoke you to return 
me such an answer as Chesterfield did to his son's 
widow on such an occasion. Forgive, 1 won't think 
it possible. 


I have already wrote you concerning the soap in a 
letter to go with the box. I now send the recipe, the 
catalogue of relations, and all concerning the money 
X received of Mr. Vernon. It will be a large pacquet, 
but I thought it best to send it by the post. Let me 
know if you approved or disapproved of my writing 
to Mr. Vernon. I want (now you are so near) to have 
the privilege of your correction and instruction in 
every thing that can come to your knowledge. I 
know I am troublesome to you in some things, par- 
ticularly about that poor young lad in jail. I fear 
my manner of writing was rude to you and inhuman 
of him, but I am glad to hear he is cleared and on 
his way home» 

By the recommendation of a couple of old women 
like myself, Mrs. Killcup and Mrs. Church, I was so- 
licited to beg your assistance to a poor woman whose 
husband was killed in Hopkins' fleet. [He] was a 
2d Lieutenant : his name was Philip Gaudin. [She] 
has much due to her. The Agent, she says, is at 
Philadelphia. I evaded it as much as I could, but 1 
don't know but she will come again when she has got 
all her vouchers ready. All that are in trouble and 
know I am your sister, seem to think I can do some- 
thing for them, so that you must give me some direc- 
tions how to proceed and say, Hitherto shalt thou go 
and no farther, or I shall always be in pain on such 
applications and think you will be afraid to receive a 
letter from me for fear of being teased. 


I have two favours to ask of you now : your new 
Alphabet of the English language and the Petition of 
the letter z. It would be a feast to General Greene's 
wife if I may be permitted to let her see it. When 
he was at Bhode Island, he talked very freely of Dr. 
Franklin, and she told him if he talked so along the 
country as he went to Philadelphia, the people would 
stone him, for they all adored you, but I heard he was 
not discouraged. I forgot to tell you in my last that 
Mr. Williams was bravely again, eats and drinks, and 
was cheerful, and I hope continues so, but I have not , 
seen him this three weeks. 

I rejoice in every honourable mention that is made 
of you, but I cannot find in my heart to be pleased at 
your accepting the government of the State, and 
therefore have not congratulated you on it. I fear it 
will fatigue you too much. Enough of all conscience, 
you will say, and therefore I shall only add, 

T' affectionate sister, 

Jane ]|fE00M. 

Dear Brother: 


[Between May and July, 1786.] 

I sincerely thank you for your valuable pres- 
ent of the books, which are the more so for having 
your people done more to your likeness than any I 


have heretofore seen. My daughter and I sat down 
to study the alphabet, imagining we should soon learn 
it, so as to write you in that way. As the letters being 
formed in Italics, I suppose you mean to have the 
writing and printing as much alike as possible, and it 
must be a more acute pen than mine that can imitate 
it. I, however, could read it perfectly pretty soon, 
as I wrote it every word the third day in my own 
way ; but to learn the pronunciation it will be neces- 
sary to have a master to set the example. I am glad 
you have hopes of the soap, but perhaps you have 
been too precipitate in spreading it as you found it 
began to unite. It might have been more sure to 
have continued some time longer in the same situa- 
tion, and it would have been a good way to have 
piled it some time together, across each other, as ma- 
sons lay their bricks : that prevents its warping. I 
have some more ready to send by the first vessel that 
goes, and then shall write to my grandson. I thank 
you for employing him. Writing, he appears to me 
to be well qualified for, and with your permission he 
may, in the mean time, learn many valuable things by 
being near you and making observations ; and I beg, 
my dear brother, you will, as far as you can without 
interfering with your other affairs, inspect his conduct, 
his disposition, and his capacity, and reprove, advise, 
and direct him in what you see to be most proper for 
him, which, if he does not observe, he need not ex- 
pect prosperity any way. He is, to be sure, destitute 


of friends capable of asBisting him, almost of any one. 
I hope he will do well. My love to him. 

I am pleased to hear of Temple's inclining to settle 
near you. Can he really be happy in a country life ! 
That's charming I I feared he would incline to go 
back again to England; but you can't go to see him 
there if it is his father's farm that Mr. and Mrs. Bache 
and all of us went to see when I was there, it is so 
far from the water. Remember me affectionately to 
him. I always loved him. 

I want to hear something about my nephew Benja- 
min, how he goes on since he came home, and all 
about the little ones, my young niece in particular* 
that made me such a present. It is very much ad- 
mired, as well as her writing, by so young a person. 
I design to write to her mamma when I send the soap. 

The crumbs of soap you sent me retain the colour 

and smell well, and I don't know but you will prefer 

it to send to France if it unites as I wish, but I will 

send this by the first vessel. Cousin Jonathan is here : 

has endeavoured to see Mr. Vaughan, but had not 

when I heard from him last. Remember me to your 


Tour affectionate sister, 

Jane Meoom. 

1 Let Joeiah write me thoee particulais. [J. H.] 



BO01ON, July 21, 1786. 
Dear Brother : 

You have given me great pleasure in the short 
account you hare wrote couceming my grandson. 
For you not to perceive that he wants either advice 
or reproof is a good character ; but I perceive you 
have some exceptions to the loss of your advice, and 
I flatter myself I am one. 

I am glad you have received the soap, and like it. 
I wish to know whether the first united, as I hoped. 
I perceive you have kept the Fourth of July very 
honourably, as well as joyfully. "We also observed 
as usual, but we had so latterly celebrated the open- 
ing of the bridge on Charles River, being a new thing, 
that the other was not so much noticed in our papers. 
You will, I hope, next spring have the pleasure of 
seeing it yourself. It is really a charming place. 
They have levelled the rising ground that led to it, 
and nicely paved it, that at some distance as you ap- 
proach to it, it is a beautiful sight ; with a little village 
at the other end, the buildings all new, the prospect 
on each side is delightful. I frequently go on the hill 
for the sake of the prospect and the walk, and if I 
tell you I have once walked over, I suppose you won't 
allow it as great a feat as your walking ten miles be- 
fore breakfast, but I am strongly inclined to allow it 

myself, aU circumstances considered. It is thought 



the toll-gatherers received yesterday, being Commence- 
ment day, five hundred dollars. Perhaps it may only 
be an extravagant guess. I believe Josiah is quite a 
proficient in your new mode of spelling. He has 
wrote me a letter, I believe, perfectly right. I can 
read it very well, but dare not attempt to write it, I 
have such a poor faculty at making letters. I think 
sir and madam were very deficient in sagacity that 
they could not find out yf as well as Betty, but some- 
times the Betties have the brightest understanding. 

Dr. Price thinks thousands of Boyles, Clarkes, and 
Newtons have probably been lost to the world, and 
lived and died in ignorance and meanness, merely 
for want of being placed in favourable situations and 
enjoying proper advantages. Very few, we know, 
are able to beat through all impediments and arrive 
to any great degree of superiority in understanding. 

My health is tolerable, the rest of the family as 
usual. All join in the most afiTectionate remembrance 
of you and yours, with 

Your affectionate sister, 

Jans Meoom. 


Boston, August 25, 1786. 
Dear Brother: 

I really think myself highly favoured in re- 
ceiving a letter from you once a month, as I have for 


three past. It is indeed a short space of time to what 
I used to suffer in anxiety. Your last in particular 
seems to express more positively the good state of 
your health, which makes me hope there is truth in 
what is taken from a Philadelphia paper concerning 
the efficacy of blackberry-jelly, and that my dear 
brother is the subject there mentioned. Oh, if it is, 
how shall I enough bless that merciful, compassionate 
Being, who has directed to such a medicine for your 
relief 1 

I did not design Mr. Yaughan should have gone 
without a letter to you, but my notice of his going 
was too short. I, however, sent as soon after as I 
could, and I hope you have received it, with some to 
my grandson, whose being there, I am happy to hear, 
is agreeable to you and the family. 

The book I received and sent it to cousin Jonathan, 
who tells me he has another, and will return it to me 
for my son CoUas, to whom it may bepf great service. 
I read it myself before I sent it, and found a great 
deal of pleasure in it, as I do in all you write, as far 
as my capacity enables me to understand it, and far- 
ther, too, for I keep your books of Philosophy and 
Politics by me (tho' I have read them thro' several 
times), and when I am dull I take one up, and it 
seems as though I were conversing with you, or hear- 
ing you to some one that can understand, and I find 
a pleasure in that. 

Our North Church folks are repairing their steeple, 


and it was thought the electrical wire was too small 
to conduct a large stroke of lightning. I felt uneasj 
about it and got Mr. CoUas to inquire about it, and 
he tells me they have made it three times as big as it 
was before. 

I will accept your thanks 'for the soap and thank 
you for receiving so kindly. It has not altogether 
pleased me yet. That art I always meant to instruct 
Josiah Flagg in, when he should be in a situation to 
observe it. I have kept a recipe by me for that pur- 
pose, and now he is with you, in some discourse with 
him some time, if you think on it, inform him some- 
thing about the nature of the working of such ingre- 
dients together, which may help him more easily to 
comprehend the instructions he may after receive, 
and it may be of service to him some time or other. 
« « * « « 


Boston, Sept'r 18, 1786. 
Dear Brother: 

My grandson arrived here on Saturday night, 
well, and very grateful for the kindness you shewed 
him ; has brought me your favours of the three med- 
als and china covers, for which I thank you. Your 
device in the first is very striking; the others are 


very pretty. Multitudes, that have a disposition to 
shew you respect, have no other means than an honest 
acknowledgment of your virtues and services. It is 
your due, for he who is always striving to be useful 
to every individual of mankind is entitled to all the 
respect in their power to shew. 

I am glad you are so perfectly recovered of the 
gout. I hope Mr. and Mrs. Bache's health is also 
confirmed. Dr. Morgan tells me the fever and ague 
ia more frequent there than it formerly was. I hope 
you will have better health in future. Excuse me to 
Mrs. Bache. I will write to her next opportunity. 
Kemember me to Temple and all the rest of the good 
creatures. My daughter is still very sick, but always 
desires her duty to you. 

Your affectionate sister, 



Boomr, Oct. 12, 17S6. 
DxAB Brothsr: 

I am sorry you are pestered with law dis- 
putes in your old age,^ but as that is the case it is 
well you have plenty of ground to enlarge your pres- 
ent dwelling ; it will not only be an amusement, but, 


> This refers to an ejectment for part of the ground on Franklin 


in all probability, a sample of many ingenious con- 
trivances to profit by in future. I imagine part of 
your plan will be to have a front door, entry, and 
staircase to go all the way up to your lodging-rooms 
and garrets, besides a passage from the main house, 
as I su2)po6e, through one of your best chamber clos- 
ets, which will be safer in case of fire. I shall expect 
Mra. Bache to inform me how it is decorated when it 
is finished, if I live so long, which is probable enough 
I may not. It is a favourable circumstance you can 
sometimes forget you are grown old, otherwise it 
might check you in many useful discoveries you ai'e 
making for your fellow-men. I wish our poor dis- 
tracted State would attend to the many good lessons 
which have been frequently published for their in- 
struction ; but we seem to want wisdom to guide, and 
honesty to comply with our duty, and so keep always 
in a flame. 

I have wrote you since my grandson was here. He 
went to Lancaster, and I have not heard from him 
since. I propose to learn him the art of making the 
crown soap, if I can get an opportunity. My daughter 
is no better, and I am as usual, always your thankful 

Affectionate sister, 

jAins Meoom. 



Boston, Dec'r 17, 1786. 
Mr Dear Brother: 

Mr. Bradford has just informed me of his go- 
ing to Philadelphia to-morrow morning. I would not 
let him go without a line, as I have not yet had op- 
portunity to thank you for a charming barrel of flour 
you sent me. He is to take the bill you permitted 
me to draw. 

I sometimes feel guilty at being so expensive to 
you, but why should I, when I know it gives you 
pleasure to make every one happy ? and I constantly 
feel the blessing. Tour predictions concerning a hard 
winter are beginning to be verified in a formidable 
manner. The snow has been so deep and we no man 
in the house, that we might have been buried alive 
were it not for the care of some good neighbours who 
began to dig us out before we were up in the morning, 
and cousin Williams came puffing and sweating, as 
soon as it was possible, to see how we were and if we 
wanted any thing ; but, thank God, we had no want 
of any thing necessary, if we had been shut up a fort- 
night, except milk. * * * * 

I want much to know if you were so lucky as to 
get your new apartments covered in before the hard 
weather, I think it could not be before you had the 
agreeable addition fo your family of some of your 


friends from London/ but we cannot easily feel our- 
selves crowded with the company of those we love. I 
think you feel yourself happy in the circle about you, 
and cousin Jonathan, too, I suppose, enjoys it. My 
love to him and thanks for his kind attention to me, 
and my most respectful compliments to Mrs. Hewson 
and tell her I hope she will like America. 

I had intended to have wrote to my niece, but can- 
not at this time ; but remember my love to Mr. and 
Mrs. Bache and all the dear children. 

From your ever obliged and affectionate sister, 

Jikme Meook. 


BO01OV, Jan. 6, 1787. 
Dear Brotbxr: 

Yours of Dec'r 3d was brought me by Col. Ser- 
geant, with abundance of complaisance. He in- 
formed me how very well and cheerfully you were, to 
a prodigy, he said. You have, I hope, before now re- 
ceived the bill by Mr. Bradford ; at the same time are 
informed that I rec'd your kind present of the barrel 
of flour, with my thanks. I rejoice to know you got 
your building covered before the winter set in : it has 

» Mrg. Hewson, formerly Miss Stevenson and then a widow, with 
her chUdren. 


been severe enough with ns, but, thanks to God and 
my dear brother, I have not wanted any comfortable 
thing ; but the loss of such a multitude of lives in the 
storms is terrible, and surpasses all I ever remember 
in a season. 

Our sister Davenport had a daughter Doreas, who 
married to a Mr. Stickney and lived at Newbury. 
He was a chairmaker by trade, but never loved work ; 
but that is not the thing: they had been so long dead 
and I had no remembrance of their leaving any chil- 
dren, and had never seen any of them, that I suppose 
I did not think of the family when I wrote the list. 
When I received your letter our streets were impassa- 
ble by any means for old folks, but a few days after 
I sent to Mrs. Williams to enquire what she knew 
about them, and had for answer, all she knew of the 
man who wrote to you was, that he was a good-for- 
nothing, impudent, lazy fellow, just like his father. 
I thought, however, as he had an aunt in the town, I 
would know something further before I answered 
your letter. 

I therefore got a carriage and went to her and en- 
quired about the family. She told me that when her 
sister was married, her husband's mother and grand- 
father were living on a little estate they had in New- 
bury, where he also carried his wife, after trying to 
live by shopkeeping in this town, but having so little 
^ means of support, they became exceeding poor; in 
which time, she says, you went to see them and made 


them a handsome present (I suppose at the time you 
put out your shoulder at Portsmouth). His grandfa- 
ther lived to be above ninety years old, but he and his 
daughter dying left the house to our cousin, but they 
could not feed long upon that. He therefore took a 
prudent step, sold it and bought a good farm at Derry, 
and went to live on it, where his wife helped to work 
on it, and they got to live extraordinary well, but she, 
Mrs. Kogere thinks, shortened her days by too hard 
labour, and her husband died soon after her and left 
the farm to this man and a sister, who are all the chil- 
dren they left, and do very well. She says he has a 
good character of a sober, honest man, but does not 
increase his estate, as one told her he entertained too 
many strangers in hopes of entertaining angels una- 
wares. She says she saw him about a year and a 
half ago, and he told her that he had such a son that 
he named for you ; that he gave him all the educa- 
tion he was able : but she thinks him very bold in 
writing to you ; she is sure she should not have done 
it. As to the boy, I omitted to enquire particularly 
about him, as the carriage waiting for me put it out of 
my mind. We have had a short spell of moderate 
weather. I am as well in health as usual; my daugh- 
ter growing better slowly. She joins me in duty and 
love to you and yours, with 

Your affectionate sister, 

Jane Meooh. 



Boston, March 9, 1787. 
Dear Brother: 

I embrace this opportunity by my neighbour, 
Mr. Morgan Stillman, who is, by his uncle Dr. Mor- 
gan's invitation, going to settle in your city. As he 
is a young gentleman who bears a good character 
here, it may be of service to him for you to have 
heard it, if he should chance to be spoken of in your 

I know it will be a pleasure to you to know that I 
have had as good health as I could expect this most 
intolerable hard winter. Your prediction has held 
invariable thus far, and as it began in October, I 
don't see why it mayn't hold till May, for any ap- 
pearance yet to the contrary. I have wanted nothing 
for my comfort but air and exercise, which it has 
been impossible for me to take, as the feet of every 
woman, as well as the hand of every man, have been 
sealed up. It is true I do walk sometimes in the 
house, but I do not think of it often enough. 

You can never want exercise for body or mind, 
and I suppose this winter you have diverted yourself 
with inspecting your new building. I want to hear 
all about it, but more particularly concerning your 
health. It seems a long time since I heard from you, 


but I had the pleasure in a dream last night to hear 
you play a delightful tune on the harpsichord. 

When I wrote you concerning our sister's grandson, 
I mistook the place of his abode. He lives at Ches- 
ter, in the county of Bockingham, State of New 
Hampshire. He has been to see me the first time, 
though he is forty years old; says how happy he 
should be to have the honour of a letter from you, 
which I believe would elevate the poor man to a high 
degree. He says he was advised to write you con- 
cerning his son. I told him if you were to take such 
notice of all who had been named in respect to you, 
you must build an academy for their reception ; that 
I had a great-grandson perhaps would claim admit- 
tance when it was well established, tho' I had not yet 
proposed it. 

Bemember my love to your children and grand* 

From your affectionate sister, 


Dear brother, pardon the blots and blunders. I 
can't make a pen myself, and have no one near me 
who can. 



BoBfoir, May 22d, 1787. 
Dkar Brother: 

Col. Sergeant has obligingly called on me to 
let me know he is going to Philadelphia, and will 
take pleasure in conveying a letter to you. I gladly 
embrace the opportunity, as I wanted to tell you how 
much pleasure I enjoy in the constant and lively 
mention made of you in the newspapers, which make 
you appear to me like a young man of twenty-five, 
just setting out for the other eighty years, full of great 
designs for the benefit [of] mankind and your own 
nation in particular, which I hope, with the assistance 
of such a number of wise men as you are connected 
with in the Convention,* you will gloriously accom- 
plish, and put a stop to the necessity of dragooning 
and battering. They are odious means, and I would 
sooner hear of the swords being beat into plough- 
shares and the halters used for cart-ropes, if by that 
means we may be brought to live peaceably with 
one another; but I cannot join in opinion with your 
author, who thinks it not right to put a man to death 
for any crime. I fear we should have a much worse 
society, tho' we should adopt his scheme of a prison 
built in a horrible place, with groaning hinges and 

> The convention which formed the Constitution of the United 
States is meant. 


melancholy keepers. In Bueh a confinement, would 
there be no probability of its growing familiar and 
indifferent to them ? and I do not conceive of their 
being such an entertaining tale as to impress the 
minds of children so as to have any lasting effect, or 
that one of a thousand would be reformed by it. It 
has been said Dr. Franklin was the author of the 
pamphlet, but I think not. 

I think I have not wrote you since I received the 
explanation of the medal. I thank you for it. I 
should be much gratified with the explanation of the 
other two. I suppose them to contain encomiums on 
yourself, but it is your sister that asks it. 

The dreadful calamity this town has suffered by 
fire has included a daughter of Tommy Hubbard's, 
who married Mr. Gouch, I think the worthiest of the 
family. They had their house burnt down, and lost 
abundance of their clothing and necessaries. Her 
uncle Tuttle is very rich, but perhaps he thinks he 
may live to want all himself. I believe he is not 
more than seventy. But some others have been 
charitable, notwithstanding the difficulty of the times. 
Aunt Partridge, too, is very poor — ^in spirit. 

I will now tell you something that will please you. 
Our worthy cousin, Jonathan Williams, has the hon- 
orary degree of Master of Arts conferred upon him 
by the corporation of our college. Dr. Lathrop, one 
of them, told me of it. You will see it after Com- 


Remember my love to your children and grand- 

From jonr affectionate sister, 

Jane Meoom. 


BoffiON, August 16, 1787. 
Mr Dbar Brother. 

I can't express to yon the pleasure it gives me 
on reading the description of your buildings. I re- 
joice that you have got through so much to your sat- 
isfaction ; that God has blessed you in that respect is 
matter of thankfulness, as all the blessings which God 
affords us are, for none can ascribe merit to them- 
selves ; yet as the righteous have the promise of this 
life and that which is to come, if we may judge of 
the fitness of things, we may surely ejtpect one who 
has employed his whole life to diffuse happiness to all 
the world has a right to live in a commodious house, 
and that all about him should combine to promote his 
happiness. Our Great Benefactor delights to bless 
those that trust in him, which I am sure you do, and 
you confirm me in that judgment, as you say you beg 
the continuance of his favours, but should submit to 
his will, should a reverse be determined. In that 
disposition of mind you are happier than you could 
be in all the world could give without it. Let us, my 


dear brother, go on begging, and we shall certainly 
be receiving all that is best for ns till we come to the 
full enjoyment in our Father's habitation. 

It was indeed a lowly dwelling we were brought 
up in, but we were fed plentifully, made comfortable 
with fire and clothing, had seldom any contention 
among us, but all was harmony, especially between 
the heads, and they were universally respected, and 
the most of the family in good reputation; this is 
still happier liviug than multitudes enjoy. 

Blessed be God that you and I^ by your means, 
have the addition of more pleasing appearances in 
our dwellings. 

I wrote you by Ck)l. Sergeant, which I suppose you 
have received. When you have leisure you will let 
me know. I depend upon cousin John Williams to 
convey this by some Philadelphia gentleman, whose 
name he had forgot. My friend and neighbour, Dr. 
Lathrop, wishes for an opportunity. I shall let him 
know of this. 

Present my love to your children and grandchil- 
dren, and belieye me ever your grateful as well [as] 
affectionate sister, 

Jane Mboom. 



B08XON, Nov'r 9, 1787. 
Dear Brother: 

I wrote you lately, which Mr. "Wouters took 
the care of, and I suppose you have received ; but as 
he is now going himself, and offers to take a letter, I 
will not omit writing, tho' it will, as usual, be a bar- 
ren performance, and to enclose my friend Mrs. 
Greene's. Her affection for you is really so great 
that she seems at a loss to express it. The letters 
from us two old women, proceeding from such a 
cause, will be a variety, and amuse you a little under 
the fatigue of public business. She is the same good- 
hearted creature she ever was, and with some other 
females in their State, are afflicted with the horrid 
iniquity of the public proceedings. Old Madam 
Greene, mother-in-law to my grandson, is sister to 
Governor Collins ; but she says if she had an apron- 
full of votes to dispose of, she would throw them all 
in against her brother. 

You perceive we have some quarrelsome spirits 
against the Constitution, but it does not appear to be 
those of superior judgment.^ My greatest comfort is, 
God reigns ; we are in his hands. We are as well as 

> The oonvention of MaBaachasetts adopted the Constitution of the 


United States by a close vote. 



usual, and join in love and duty to you and yours, 
with your 

Affectionate sister, 

Jane Megoh. 

Mr. Wouters has been here several times, and is 
very agreeable. 

I have heard nothing of a barrel of flour but what 
you mention since that you sent me a year ago. I 
fear it is lost, if you cannot recollect whom you sent 
it by. 


Boston, Jan. 8, 1788. 
Mt Dear Brother: 

I never mean to deceive you by any thing I 
write, but your penetrating eye discovers the smallest 
symptom and the remotest consequences. I do in- 
deed live comfortable (but cannot indulge such a 
childish disposition as to be running to you with every 
complaint, when I know it will give you pain). I 
have a good clean house to live in, my granddaughter 
constantly to attend me, to do whatever I desire in 
my own way and in my own time. I go to bed early, 
lie warm and comfortable, rise early to a good fire, 
have my breakfast directly, and eat it with a good 
appetite, and then read or work, or what else I please. 


We live frugally, bake all our own bread,-brew small 
beer, lay in a little cider, pork, butter, &c., supply 
ourselves with plenty of other provision daily at the 
door. We make no entertainments, but sometimes 
an intimate acquaintance will come in and partake 
with us the dinner we have provided for ourselves, 
and a dish of tea in the afternoon ; and if a friend sits 
and chats a little in the evening, we eat our hasty- 
pudding (our common supper) after they are gone. 

It is true I have some troubles, but my dear brother 
does aU in his power to alleviate them by preventing 
even a wish, that when I look round me on all my 
acquaintance I do not see one I have reason to think 
happier than I am, and would not change my neigh- 
bour with myself. Where will you find one in a more 
comfortable state? As I see every one has their 
troubles. I suppose them to be such as fit them best, 
and shaking off them might be only changing for the 

About a year after yon left me at Philadelphia, I 
went to Ehode Island, and lived with my grand- 
daughter Greene till she had borne four children very 
happily, but she died; her husband invited me to 
continue with him, but I chose to come to Cambridge 
to my daughter. It happened to be at a time when 
it was supposed her husband^ had got much by pri- 
vateering, but in a short time after I got there I found 

* Captain Collas, a native of Gaernsey, frequently mentioned in 
the preceding letters. 


he had hired money on interest to live on, which was 
then near expended. I, all the while, let them have 
money for necessaries, and it was accounted as pay 
for my board, but there was no prospect of better do- 
ings, he going daily to Boston to seek for business 
and finding none. I asked him why he did not get a 
house and remove there. He said he could not ; I 
suppose for the same reason that he could not get 
credit at Philadelphia, I then got this house cleaned 
as soon as possible, and concluded to come and live 
in it, he by written agreement to give me my board 
for the rent. We came in the middle of winter, and 
about April, by some means or other, he made out to 
go a sort of trading trip to Kova Scotia, stayed there 
a great while and came back with little. I should 
first have told you that when we were about to move 
his landlord declared he should [not] carry away any 
thing till he was paid his rent, which was two years 
behind. He told me of it, but all the answer I gave 
him was, I was no expense to them. Afterwards 
CoUas came and asked me to be bound for him. I 
told him I would not, but I would lend him a consol* 
idated note which I had out of our treasury, of four- 
teen pound some shillings, which with twelve dollars 
he had of me before, he settled the affair, so that we 
were permitted to come away. After the Nova 
Scotia affair, he stayed at home a long time ; at last 
got to be master of a vessel belonging to [a] French- 
man, who was shut up for debt most of the time he 


was gone. As soon as he returned and they settled 
their voyage, the Frenchman went oflF, and Collas was 
out of business again. After a long time he got an- 
other vessel for the West Indies, from such owners as 
I hoped would keep him in employ, but he stayed 
much longer than was expected and never wrote a 
line to his owner the whole voyage. He said there 
was no need of it, for he Was consigned to another 
there who did write. The consequence was he was 
dismissed immediately, and never earned a penny for 
nine months himself and a boy ; by that time all he 
had earned was gone, my debt still increasing, be- 
sides many others : I thought it absolutely necessary 
to secure their furniture, lest it should be attached by 
some other creditor, and got him to make it over to 
me. He then ran in debt to all who would trust him, 
and patched up this trading voyage, was to sell all 
imd return in two months with the produce of all 
their effects. He stayed seven, made no remittances, 
sent his wife in the time a bill of fifty dollars, which, 
if it was right she should receive, she was cheated of. 
He, thinking she had received it, came home to help 
eat it and brought another small bill, but not a far^ 
thing returns for any of the adventurers. How could 
they expect if? he said ; the goods were not sold : 
most he had sold was on credit, and he could not get 
the pay, and he had left all in the hands of another 
person, who had proved himself a villain if he himself 
was honest. This being the case, I trembled at every 


knock at the door, lest it should be some officer with 
demands on him. I at length told him he had no 
right to live witliout labour any more than another 
man : he was strong and able, and if he could not get 
to be master of a vessel, he must go mate. He should 
not choose to do that neither. I told him the expenses 
of the family when he was at home were double to 
what they were when he was absent. He acknowl- 
edged it all, and went back to the same place. ♦ * * 

[The concluBion of this letter is lost.] 


[BoflTON, July 16, 1788.] 
My Dear and Honoured Uncle : 

I hope I shall not appear too forward in em- 
bracing this opportunity by Mr. Williams to acknowl- 
edge your kind favour of April 12th. 

It caused a glow of pleasure^-of self-confidence, if 
I may use the expression— which my poor, depressed 
heart has long been a stranger to ; to have my pre- 
sumptuous scrawl so far noticed by you, occasioned 
tears of gratitude attended with such a smile as. de- 
notes those sweet sensations which the bjj^ssed spirits 
forever feel. Oh ! when shall I experience it without 
alloy 1 Happy as you are, my dear uncle, and ever 
deserve to be, I could wish, as you seem to hint a de- 


sire to Dr. Lathrop, that we could make a bargain as 
in other matters : 1 would freely give up my remain- 
ing years, tho' twice the length of yours, freed from 
the distresses that must ever follow mine, and take 
my flight this instant ; my only condition should be 
that you allow me a small share of your long experi- 
enced philanthropy, nor impute my desire to depart 
wholly to murmuring discontent or selfish views. 

No : the instant I read the sentence, I joined heart- 
ily in your wish, from this idea that could your life 
be prolonged those times predicted by you would be 
hastened by so able a hand, and that you yourself 
would resign your life with pleasure, seeing the full 
completion of human knowledge and that the happi- 
ness of succeeding generations was established. 

Mamma diflfered a little : she said you did not con- 
sider that in heaven we should know every thing, for 
a good woman of her acquaintance who was just 
a-going, longed to hear from England first, that she 
might carry the news of the Stamp Act's being re- 
pealed to her father, who was a good old Whig. I 
asked her if she thought they would hear when 
Maulding bridge was finished : that she thought was 
top trifling; so we concluded upon the whole that 
there would be more joy in heaven over one sinner 
that repented than ninety and nine such things. 

I must, my honoured sir, make the same apology 
to you for my trifling as to a worthy minister who 
indulged me in a correspondence, that great men 


required relaxation ; that the great Kewton amuBed 
himself with blowing bubbles out of a pipe, and as 
mine was innocent, tho' not so useful an amusement, 
I hope to be forgiven. Please to accept my thanks 
for your every kindness — ^particularly your kind re- 
ception of Mr. GoUas, of which he wrote me word, 
and that Mr. and Mrs. Bache treated him politely, 
which was every word I heard from him. ♦ * * * 
Mr. CoUas is a very industrious, active man, a sweet, 
kind, benevolent disposition, has ever been very ten- 
der of me, and does all he can for me : his errors are of 
the head, and not of the heart : in respect to his capa- 
city in business, he is much recommended as a good 
seaman, perfect in the art of navigation, both in prac- 
tice and theory, has been commander out of this town 
many years, has bought and sold cargoes to satisfac- 
tion as far as I know ; but out of that line of business 
I have no reason to think he need hope for success. 
He has lately sailed from the West Indies, first mate 
of a brig to the coast of Africa ; he writes me he is 
to have the command the next voyage. It is a twelve- 
month since I have been able to get a line to him, 
flying as he has been from place to place in search of 
employ, so that were I capable of giving him advice 
he could not receive it. 

I never saw your letter till very lately, though it 
would have given me pleasure on many accounts. 
Mamma has given you a reason. Our frames are so 
constructed that it is impossible if the heart is in dis- 


tresfi that it should not affect the body. I have had 
a large share of the bitters of this life, and bnt few 
cordial drops ; my ancle's notice and my parent's love 
would be great ones indeed, and ever gratefully ac- 
knowledged by 

Your dutiful and affectionate niece, 

'Jane Collas. 

P. S. I know not whether my ideas through the 
whole of this letter can be found, so clumsily are 
they expressed. The uncertainty of another opportu- 
nity obliges me to send it. The hurry I write in 
must plead my excuse. 


BoROK, Sept. 26, 1788. 
Dbar Bbothbr : 

I received yours of the 16th by cousin John 
Williams, wherein you so early give orders for the 
cash for my wood, but I had drawn on you for it 
some days before, and had got it in. I felt ashamed 
that I appeared in such a hurry, but there was a talk 
of letting the smallpox spread in the town and that 
wood would be dearer, and that then was the best 
time, and that you had said I was always too diffident, 
and would be pleased with my doing as I did ; so I 
suppose it will be of no consequence that I had it not 


to receive of the other person, and have now to thank 
you for your never-ceasing bounty. 

When I see you did not mention particulars con- 
cerning the exceptions to your health, I feared they 
were larger than usual, and I now understand you 
have had a severe ill turn. I can with sincerity say, 
as our friend Catey said when she heai*d of your fall, 
I should have been glad to have borne part of your 
pain, to have eased my dear brother. They tell me 
you are much better : may God continue you so ! I 
rejoice with you and the happy parents in the increase 
of your family. It is said Mr. Bache is remarkable 
for having the finest children in Philadelphia. How 
much pleasure must they give you when you have 
ease to enjoy it I I long to have every one to kiss 
and play with that I see pass the street, that looks 
clean and healthy. You did not give me the name. 
I think this is the seventh. Mi*s. Bache may make 
up my number, twelve, though she did not begin so 
young. My love to them all. Gk)d bless them, says 
their affectionate aunt and your affectionate and grate- 
ful sister, 

Janb Mbcom. 

Does Mrs. Ashmead yet live and nurse her? If 
she does, remember me respectfully to her. 

This cousin Rogers of ours, who is to take the care 
of this to New York, has got some ser** of your son 
William, the Governor's, Kjiowlton and his wife 


and daughter, ever since the Governor dismissed 
them, and finds them such faithful servants, and they 
give them such high wages, he says they will make 
themselves a little fortune. I know it will please you 
and Temple to hear it ; it does me, I assure you. 


B08XOX, Nov. 11, 1788. 
Mt Dear Brotheb : 

I am uneasy when I do not hear from you 
often, but all I have heard lately, I think, give me 
reason to feai* your health is declining, and that you 
suffer a depression in your spirits, and I know you 
must feel greatly to have it perceivable by bystand- 
ers. Oh, that I could mitigate your pains or griefs 1 
but instead of being able to do that, I and miue have 
always been a great cause of grief and trouble to you, 
tho', blessed be God, you have never discovered any 
thing but the pleasure of doing good, and Heaven has 
blessed you in the deed ; though you suffer what is 
the lot of all men, in a greater or less degree, pain 
and sickness, the consciousness of the rectitude of all 
your actions, both for public and private benefit, will 
support your hope for a more blessed state to all eter- 
nity, where, my dear brother, we shall meet, tho' may 
it be yet many years before you are called off this 


stage, in favour to the inhabitants, who will greatly 
miss you whenever that time comes. ' You don't 
know how it refreshes me when I hear you are cheer- 
ful. Mr. Cashing has not been to see me, as I under- 
stood by Mr. Williams you desired him, and perhaps 
that is tlie reason, because he left you ill with the 
gout. I hope it soon left you, and you have recov- 
ered your former cheerfulness. I fear you have not 
received two letters I wrote you since the date of 
your last by cousin John Williams, dated Sept. 16, 
thro' the hands of Mr. John Rogers, of New York. 
One contained a billet from Mrs. Walker, desiring 
me to inform you of several things, which I thought 
best to send in her own words : tho' I feared it was 
something presuming in me as well as her, I was 
unwilling to refuse her, as she is a widow, and desti- 
tute. In the other I congratulated you on the in- 
crease in your family, and the health and happiness 
they enjoy. I hope it continues, and to let you know 
I had drawn a bill on you for my wood before John 
Williams came home, and so had no occasion to 
take it of him. If those two letters come to your 
hand, be so good as to let me know it when it is 
convenient for you. 

I suppose you see our newspapers, where you see 
how fond our people are to say something of Dr. 
Franklin, I believe mostly to do him honour, but 
some choose to embellish the language to their own 
fancy. The story of the Frenchman with the poker 


was a good story when you told it, but it appears to 

me there was none of your d your souls in it. 

What we had in your last of your present to the 
Academy was truly honourable, like yourself, and 
rejoices the heart of every good person. Oh! that 
our all-bountiful Benefactor would give you ease as 
well as such nobleness of mind. 

We have at length got a mass-house [in] which the 
Eoman Catholics assembled last Sabbath. The priest 
has married a beautiful young girl, the only child of 
her mother, a widow, to a Frenchman, a Mr. * * * *^ 
who, some say, has a wife in Philadelphia. The poor 
girl did not understand a word the priest said, but 
* * * * told her he would cut his throat if she did not 

Excuse my writing you such stuff. I suppose it is 
but little more than you have to bear with in all my 
letters, tho' written from a heart fiiU of sincere grati- 
tude of your affectionate sister, 

Janb Meoom. 

I write this to go by the packet William Daggett. 




BooON, April 2d, 1789. 
Mt Dear Brother: 

We have had a long cold winter since I re- 
ceived your last, and I have heard nothing from you 
immediately since, but I got so composed by your 
cheerful manner of writing then, and the information 
you gave me of your better health, that I have lived 
on it all winter, and have not indulged a desponding 
thought. I still hope it has been well with you. I 
wrote to you once to inform you I received all you 
sent me, and all I could about the books, which I sup- 
pose Mr. Williams has also informed you. All who 
see them admire the type, the paper and method of 
printing, as well as the manner of instruction; but 
what is the cause of the bookbinders' not encouraging 
them I know not, but think they will take after a little 

I do not pretend to write politics though I love to 
hear them, and you must have seen the squabbling 
we have had all winter about election. We have had 
poor Laco chalked on the fences as hanged and dam'd, 
but his wisdom keeps him secret.^ 

My own family has been as usual — sometimes sick 
and sometimes well ; and I have kept myself all winter 

> Letters written against John Hancock bj Stephen Higginson. 


at home, and not exposed myself to the cold. Fare- 
.well, dear brother. May God bless yon and all yonr 
children, prays 

Yonr affectionate sister, 

Jane Meoom. 

I have a little visitor here from Rhode Island, 
Sally Greene, my daughter Flagg's granddaughter. 
She begs me to put her name in the letter, for she 
says you don't know you have got a great-grandniece. 
I had a letter from our friend Catey Greene by her. 
She always enquires after her good cid friend, which 
is a term you will like in some sense. 


Boflfioir, August 29, 1789. 
Mr Dear Brother: 

Oh, that I could with truth begin with the old- 
fashioned style I hope this will find you well, but that 
I despair of, except I could confine all to your intel- 
lects, which, thank God, appear as sound as ever, 
which must supply you with a source of entertainment 
beyond what common mortals can experience ; I have 
even myself, in times past, lost the sense of pain for 
some time, by enjoyment of good company. 
Yours of August 3d, by cousin Jonathan, was very 


pleasing ; the knowing you had received mine so soon 
and was pleased with the contents, gave me great sat- 
isfaction, and the sight of him whom I love like a 
child was a great addition. He is truly a worthy 

You introduce your reproof of my miffy temper so 
politely one can't avoid wishing to have conquered, 
as you have, if you ever had any, that disagreeable 
temper. * * * * 

I was a little suspicious whether Excellency was ac- 
cording to rule in address to my brother at this time ; 
but I never write any myself, and of late, because he 
lives nearer than cousin Williams, have sent them to 
Dr. Lathrop's, who is very obliging to me, and I 
thought must know what is right, and gave no direc- 
tions about it, but shall another time. He desires 
always to be very respectfully remembered to you 
when I write. 

I believe there are a few of our Nantucket relations 
who have still an aflTection for us, but the war time, 
which made such havoc everywhere, divided and 
scattered them about. Those I was most intimate with 
were Abisha Fougres, his brother and sons, Timothy 
one, the Jenkinses, and Kezia Coffin, who was many 
years like a sister to me and a great friend to my 
children. She sent me two very affectionate letters 
when the town^ was shut up, inviting me to come to 



her and she would Bustain me— that was her word ; 
and had I received them before I left the town, I 
should certainly have gone, but a wise and good 
Providence ordered it otherwise. She took to the 
wrong side, and exerted herself bj every method she 
could devise, right or wrong, to accomplish her de- 
signs and favour the Britons ; went into large trade 
with them and for them, and by mismanagement and 
not succeeding in her endeavours, has sunk every 
farthing they were ever possessed of, and have been 
in jail, both her husband at Kantucket and herself at 
Halifax. She was always thought to be an artful 
woman, but there are such extraordinary stories told 
of her a9 is hard to be believed. Tlie two Jenkinses, 
Seth and Thomas, stood in the same relation to us, 
and always very affectionate to me. They were at 
Philadelphia when I was there. You spoke some- 
thing for them at Congress. They were men of con- 
siderable property, and had a great quantity of oil in 
their stores, when a vessel belonging to the Tories 
went down and robbed them of all. It was proved 
that Eezia pointed it out to them ;* the owners prose- 
cuted her, and she was brought up to Boston to stand 
trial, but I think there was no final condemnation at 
court. She says they could not find evidence : they 

* If this is the same cousin Kezia Coffin spoken of in a previous 
letter as ** the lady who is everybody's friend/' it furnishes an addi* 
tional proof how Ikr party feelings will carry a person in times of 
civil war or internal dissensions. 



say the evidence was so strong that had they suffered 
it to come into court it would have hanged her, and 
so they suppressed it, not being willing it should pro- 
ceed so far. They settled at Providence a few years, 
whose families I used to stop at when I went back- 
wards and forwards, and they were very kind to me ; 
sent their sons to carry me from there to my grand- 
son's, thirteen miles, in their [a word lost], and every 
other obliging thing in their power ; but afterwards 
they settled a township on North River— I forget the 
name — there is a city, and Thomas Jenkins is the 
mayor.^ I have not seen either of them since. I 
don't know if they come to Boston ; if they do, they 
do not know where to find me ; and though the Fol- 
gers, some of them, sail out of this place, I believe it 
is the same case with them, for I have not seen a 
Nantucket person since I lived here. I have a next- 
door neighbour who lived there once, and I now and 
then hear something of them by him. 

I know I have wrote and spelt this worse than I 
do sometimes, but I hope you will find it out. Ee- 
niember my love to your children and grandchildren. 
Tell my niece Betsy that I sent her pocket-book to 
Mrs. Coffin's daughter, and I don't doubt she had it, 
but she was at Halifax. 

I am your affectionate and grateful sister, 

Jane Mecom. 

> It is beUeved that I^udson U meant, 



BonoN, January 17, 1790. 

This day my dear brother completes his 84tli year. 
You cannot, as old Jacob, say, Few and evil have 
they been : except those wherein you have endured 
such grievous torments latterly, yours have been 
filled with innumerable good works, benefits to your 
fellow-creatures, and thankfulness to God ; that not- 
withstanding the distressing circumstance before men- 
tioned, yours must be esteemed a glorious life. Great 
increase of glory and happiness I hope await you. 
May God mitigate your pain and continue your 
patience yet many years, for who that know and love 
you can bear the thought of surviving you in this 
gloomy world f 

I esteem it very fortunate that cousin John Wil- 
liams is returning to Philadelphia again, and will take 
a keg of sounds and tongues by land, as there is no 
vessel likely to go till March. I have tasted them 
and tliink them very good ; shall as long as they are 
acceptable send you fresh and fresh as I have oppor- 

I am, as you suppose, six years younger than you 
are, being bom on the 27th March, 1712, but to ap- 
pearance in every one's sight, as much older. 

We have hitherto a very moderate winter, but I do 
not attempt to go abroad ; my breath but just serves 


me to go about the house without great pain, and as I 
am comfortable at home I strive to be content. £e- 
member my loye to your children from 

Your affectionate sister, 

jAins Meook. 




[The following letter originated in a report that Dr. Franklin had 
been made a Baronet and appointed Governor of Pennsylvania.] 

Boston, Jan. 29, 1758. 
Dear Sister: 

For BO I must call you, come what will, and if 
I don't express myself proper you must excuse it, see- 
ing I have not been accustomed to pay my compli- 
ments to Governor and Baronets' ladies. I am in the 
midst of a great wash and Sarah still sick, and would 
gladly be excused writing this post, but my husband 
says I must write and give you joy which we heartily 
join in. I suppose it will be [a word lost] news to 
you, but I will tell you how I came by it: Mr. Fluker 
told cousin "Williams, and he Doctor Perkins, who 
brought it to my poor son Neddy, who has another 
relapse into raising blood, and has not done one stroke 
of work this month, but was just a-going to begin 
when he was again taken ill. Pray pardon my bad 
writing and confused composure, and accept it as 
coming from your ladyship's affectionate sister and 
most obedient bumble servant, 

Jane Meoom. 



Boston, Feb. 9, 1761. 


Tour Betsy has not yet afforded me a son: 
five weeks ago she was delivered of a daughter on a 
Saturday night, which was baptized the next day by 
Dr. Sewall, by the name of Deborah, in grateful re- 
membrance of the numerous kindnesses we have re- 
ceived from Mrs. Franklin : if our daughter proves as 
worthy a woman, we shall be contented. Debby is put 
out to a reputable woman at Charlestown, at 4«, ster- 
ling per week. Betsy is weak yet, but has no milk, 
and parted with her child with great regret on that 
account. I congratulate you on your late agreeable 
news from England, and foresaw the eagerness and 
thankfulness with which you opened your pacquets. 

Every child bom in a family which has any con- 
nection with his, puts me in mind of uncle B. Frank- 
lin's fatherly care in espousing the matrimonial inter- 
est, so much as he has done and still does, for I 
apprehend that among other of his recreations, the 
writing in praise of his lovely Joaa has made him the 
spiritual father of many [a word lost] children born 
in honest wedlock. I rejoioe with cousin Davenport 
on the appearance of their late fine daughter, as, no 
doubt, he does with us at the arrival of ours. 

Brother Peter Franklin Mecom is returned from 


the camp : though he was unwell when he first came 
to town, he is now quite recovered, and thinks se- 
riously of settling to business ; nothing prevents his 
really doing so but want We are unwilling to dis- 
turb you with our uneasiness, hoping hereafter to be 
able to send you better news. Peter lately received 
a pacquet from cousin BiUy, containing a letter and 
two picture cuts for his crown soap, which Billy very 
politely desired him to accept of as a small token of 
his affection. Sister-in-law Ruthy, you know, is mar- 
ried to Mr. Foote, a joiner, who appears to be a sober, 
well-inclined, industrious husband, and, we hope, will 
be a continual comfort to poor brother Edward's valu- 
able widow. All parts of our family are well, and 
are thankful for your kind inquiries after their wel- 

Among the enclosed pamphlets is an edition of the 
letter to two great men, which I bought of Fowle and 
Draper, in order to send to England. "Will you 
please to convey it to Mr. Franklin there? My 
spouse sends her duty to you and love to Sally, &c. 

I hear Dr. Boudinot has received [some words lost] 
kick from his horse. I hope there is a fair prospect 
of his doing well. 
I am, madam. 

Your dutiful and affectionate nephew, 

Benj. Meoom. 



Boston, February 27, 1766. 
DsAR Sistbr: 

Your kind letter I received by poet the same 
week couein Davenport came to town, and acknowl- 
edge your goodness with the sincerest gratitude. I 
sent the letter to cousin Williams to read, and he 
came immediately himself and offered me the eight 
dollars. I accepted it (as I was still in want of one 
very necessary thing, which I laid it out on), notwith- 
standing my dear brother and your dear husband had 
just sent me a considerable present of clothing from 
England by Gapt. Freeman, who arrived here just be- 
fore I received your letter and present. We are now 
supplied not only with necessary but creditable cloth- 
ing, for brother has sent each of us a printed cotton 
gown, a quilted coat, a bonnet, each of the girls a cap, 
and some ribbons. Mine is very suitable for me to 
wear now, being black, and a purple cotton ; but the 
girls' are light coloured. I hope God will bless you 
both for the goodness you do, not only to me, but to 
others as you see occasion. I understand you still con- 
tinue to visit the sick and comfort the afflicted. Cousin 
Davenport tells me you used to visit him every day 
when he was sick, and bring him goodies. Oh, how 
comfortable is such a neighbour in time of sickness I 
I hope I shall always gratefully remember I had sev- 


eral such while my family were sick, and be enabled 
properly to improve the health and comforts we now 
enjoy. I have at present a competency, and will not 
fear but it shall always be so. If I should now repine 
or distrust Providence, I should be most ungrateful 
of all his creatures, for I have been abundantly sup- 
plied beyond what I could rationally expect, and have 
my two daughters in health, whom I had great reason 
to fear incurable— one of a painful disease, the other 
falling into alanguiBhing. Bless the Lord, O my soul, 
who not only grantest these, but continuest the day 
and means of grace, that if it is not our own fault, we 
may be liappy hereafter. 

I am grieved to hear poor Mrs. Smith has got the 
numb palsy. Please to present my love and best 
wishes to her. 

I am amazed beyond measure at what cousin Da- 
venport tells me, that your house was threatened in 
the tumult. I thought there had been none among 
you would proceed to such a length to persecute a 
man merely for being the best of characters, and 
really deserving good from the hand and tongue of 
all his fellow-creatures. I know there was a party 
that did not approve his prosecuting the business he 
is gone to England upon, and that some had used him 
with some scurrilous language in some printed papers, 
but I was in hopes it had so far subsided as not to 
give you any disturbance. When I think what you 
must have suffered at the time, how I pity you I but 


I think your indignatioii must have exceeded your 
fear. What a wretched world would this be if the 
vile of mankind had no laws to restrain them ! 

My family all thank you for your kind remem- 
brance of them. The children desire their duty, and 
Mrs. Bowls her compliments. Cousin Griffith can as- 
sign no cause for the death of her child, except it was 
a fright she received one evening ; her husband being 
absent when some men in liquor next door got to 
fighting, and there was screaming murther. Cousin 
Holmes's are all well. Cousin Billings' wife has called 
in to see me with her son, which is a fine one. Cousin 
Williams looks soon to lie-in ; she is so big I tell her 
she will have two. Poor Sarah has been better, so as 
to wash the dishes, but she is now worse again. Her 
age, as you say, is not a time to expect a cure for old 
disorders, and the doctor says there is no hopes for 
her, but she will dwindle away. She is a good crea- 
ture, and patient. It would grieve you to hear what 
a cough she has, that repels all medicines, but she is 
hardly ever heard to complain. 

Bemember my love to cousin Sally, and permit me 
again to thank you for the present, and subscribe 

Your affectionate and obliged sister, 




PHDiADBLPHiA, Sept. 80th [1766]. 
Dbar Brothir: 

I have this ipinute received your letter. Cousin 
Davenport has got the cross and magazine for you. 
There were no rough drafts in the box ; I opened it 
myself. I suppose papa was in a hurry when he went 
away, and forgot to give them to Mrs. Stevenson, as 
she don't mention them among the other articles. 

The letter from Mr. Sargent was to Daniel Wistar. 
I send you the Dutch paper where I think there is 
something about it. On Friday night there was a 
meeting of 7 or 800 men in Hare's brew-house, where 
Mr. Boss, mounted on a bag of grains, spoke to them 
a considerable time. He read Sergeant's letter, and 
some others, which had a good effect, as they satisfied 
many. Some of the people say he outdid Whitfield, 
and Sir John says he is in a direct line from Solomon. 
He spoke several things in favour of his absent friend, 
whom he called the good, the worthy Dr. Franklin, 
and his worthy friend. After he was gone, Hugh 
Roberts stood up and proposed him in Willing's place, 
and desired those who were for him to stand up, and 
they all rose to a man. 

Mamma is glad to hear Nancy has been useful, and 
desires you would not think of sending her down while 


she can be of any service to you ; as Suean has been 
BO good a girl we have not missed her. 

If I had heard sister was indisposed I should have 
been up to see her. I hope by this time she is quite 
recovered. I cannot close this letter without letting 
you know that the Gov. has pardoned Pemberton, and 
that through Mr. Hockley's means. He had heard 
the report about his persuading Lydia Hyde to put 
him in prison, and that because he was a relation of 
sister's. He avers if he had thought Pemberton was 
a relation, it would have been an additional motive to 
him to have spoke to the Gov. for his pardon. He 
showed us two papers which we asked leave to show 
to a friend, and as I have not time to copy the letters 
I enclose them, and to let you see the pardon is before 
conviction, and beg you will send them down by the 
very first opportunity. I wrote this as I thought it 
would give you pleasure to hear the poor man was re- 
leased, as well as in justice to Hockley, who on this 
occasion has behaved well. 

Mamma joins me in love to you both. 
I am, and ever shall be. 

Your affectionate sister, 

S. Fbanklin. 

I shall be obliged to you for a Johncy and the Kew 
England song. 



Phuadblphia, October 8, 1766. 
Dear Brothkr: 

" The old ticket forever ! We have it ly 84: 
votes / OodMeas our worthy and noble agentj and ail 
his fainvLy /" were the joyful words we were waked 
with at 2 or 3 o'clock this morning, by the White 
Oaks. They then gave us three huzzas and a bless- 
ing, then marched off. How strong is the cause of 
truth ! We have beat three parties : the Proprietary, 
the Presbyterians, and the Half-and-Half. 

As we knew you would be glad to hear, mamma 
has sent George, and Mr. Wharton will write also. I 
was a good deal uneasy that my letter missed the post 
yesterday ; it was owing to old Mr. Foxcroft's telling 
me he was not come in but half an hour before he 
went out, and you know he always stays 2 or 3 hours. 

I will detain George no longer than just to subscribe 

Your affectionate sister, 

S. Franklin. 



[Boston, before August, 1770?] 
Dear Sibtbr : 

I received y" of 15 inst,, and you can't think 
how much pleasure it gave me to hear so particularly 
about the little grandson. I can't find one since I 
came home that looks a bit like him. I am glad you 
hear so often from my brother. I almost despaired 
when I wrote you last of ever having another letter 
from him, but soon after received one that by some 
means or other was four or five months a'Coming. 
Several gentlemen arrived here from London say as 
your Capt. Franks does, that he looks extremely well, 
and is in good health. Cousin Williams' sons went 
with their uncle, the inspector — one in hopes of receiv- 
ing some benefit, the other to purchase goods to set 
himself up here ; but we hear his uncle has procured 
him a clerk's berth to the East Indies, which he has 
accepted, and has only sent some goods to his aunt 
Wood, and Josiah is coming home without him. 

I have never yet recovered my fall, and cannot 
walk near so well as you can ; that if it was not ne- 
cessary for me to fill up my time other ways, I should 
take much pleasure in conversing with you in this 
way ; as I have now so good an opportunity, I will 
endeavour to answer all your inquiries. 

In the first place, I have never seen Mrs. Partridge 


Bince I came here, but once in the street. I have not 
heard whether she is like to have another child. The 
neighbours say she lay abed afore with her hair pow- 
dered and a great plume in it. Suckey is not mar- 
ried. She once called to see me of an evening. I 
believe Tuthill has no thoughts of matrimony. Cou- 
sin Ingersol has the same wife he had when cousin 
Bache was here. I believe they are well. Her 
daughter was not like to have another child when I 
saw her last. I now forget who the Controller's lady 
was that went from Boston. I have never heard 
whether Gov' Wentworth has a child. I see so few 
intelligent people that I know the least news of any 
one in the world. I am a great deal alone, except 
some young persons coming back on errands, for as I 
can't go abroad people don't come to see me, and 
Jenny is a good deal out. 

I have heard nothing of Mr. Gordon and his family. 
"Was he to have settled in Boston ? And now I have 
filled one side with answering your questions, give 
me leave to desire you to do the same by me ; even 
now, before you forget it. You will find some oppor- 
tunity to send it. When do you expect cousin Bache 
home ? * * ♦ * How do Mrs. Smith's daughter and 
family do? If you will believe me, I cannot now 
think of her name. How are Dr. Bond and fam- 
ily ? Do you ever see my obliging Mr. York ? Did 
Mrs. Leegay go to the West Indies ? Is it that Dr. 

Shippen that is dead, whose child made the speech at 



your house ? Did they ever pay my son the money 
they owed him? or did you ever get your rent? 
How does your good neighbour Hadock, Duke of 
Wharton, Marquis Bockingham, &c. ? has he got his 
government? Is cousin All turned merchant and 
stay at home constantly ? I have never seen him en- 
tered or cleared in the papers. I wish I had such a 
constant boarder to pay me three dollars a week the 
year round. I could then do pretty well. I am glad 
the child has his old maid. Tell her I always think 
of her with respect, she was so good to me when I 
hurt myself. Do George, Bob, and Jack do any bet- 
ter? and how does the little mulatto behave to his 
master? Does Mr. Duch6 preach as well as ever? I 
should admire to come and see and hear all about 
every thing there once a year, and stay a fortnight. 
I fancy so short a time would aflfect ray health with 
change of climate. I perceive Debby Davenport has 
got a little of her mother's flattering disposition ; but 
obliging actions are more substantial than words, tho' 
tliey are not disagreeable if they come from the heart. 
I wish Mi's. Keppele very happy in her new habi- 
tation. Present my respectful compliments to her 
and every one that inquires after me. Cousin Bache 
knows she is a letter in my debt, and I will not excuse 
her, except she is in circumstances and very sick, so 
you must tell me that and every other thing that you 
know I shall like to hear ; and if you send it to my 
son, he will* And a vessel to send it by ; and please to 


tell them (my son and his wife) that I shall expect a 
long letter from each of them, for I have heard noth- 
ing of them this whole winter. I believe by this time 
that you are heartily tired with this trumpery ; that 
in compassion to you I conclude. 

Tour aflfectionate sister, 

Jane Meoom. 

Dear sister, if Catey should send a letter to you for 
me, do be so good as to get it sent to me by water. 




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