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nWiiHimSW.'i PUBLIC LIBRAR
3 1833 01200 2595
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Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center
Lieut. John Andrews
of Ghebecco, Mass.,
Hon. H. F. And rews
A descendant of the seventh generation
The Andrews Family, 1890
The Hamlin Family, 1894
The Hamlin Family, 1900
The Hamlin Family, 1902
List of Freemen Hass. Bay Colony
And other works
EXIRA PRINTING COMPANY
Lieutenant John Andrews was probably born in England about
1621. His ancestry, date and place of birth, as well as Hie time
and manner of coming to America have not been discovered. A
record was kept in England only of those emigrants who on leav-
ing that country took tbe oath of allegiance tu England and also
promised conformity to the doctrine, discipline and form of worship
of the Established Church and who further swore that they were
"No subsidy men." Many who desired to avoid these requirements
and to enter tbe land of their adoption free to follow their own
political and religious inclinations did not conform themselves to
the law and took no legal departure from the mother country, but
came away clandestinely and therefore were not enrolled in the
government records of departures from England. Others intention-
ally concealed their emigration, for various reasons. Nothing lias
been discovered to suggest that our ancestor had any motive for
concealing his emigration. All attempts to discover any relation
between him and other early settlers of the name in New England
have failed. He was a youth at the time of his coming, which
suggests whether he may have accompanied some relative; possibly
he was a kinsman and may have come with (.'apt. Robert Andrews,
who came over in 1(3;S5 as master and owner of the armed ship, the
"Angel Gabriel," bringing with him his own family, his nephews
John, Thomas and Robert Burnham and Mr. John Cogswell, a
wealthy London merchant with his family. The vessel was lost in
a terrible storm at Pemaquid, Me. on Aug. 15, 1635. After the loss
of his ship, Capt. Andrews with the Burnham nephews and Mr.
Cogswell, settled in Ipswich, Mass., the same year. John Andrews
may have come in that ill fated ship; its passenger list was prob-
ably lost when the vessel was destroyed and we have no further
account of the passengers. J2>005dL59
He m. Jane, dan. of Stephen Jordan of Ipswich, later of New-
bury, Mass., but no record of their marriage has been found. She
was probably born in England. In his deposition given in 1701 he
stated ids age then to be 80 years. Savage gives her age one year
younger than her husband.
Hammatt, the genealogist of early Ipswich families states that
John Andrews of Ipswich was a soldier in the war against the
Pequot Indians in 1637, and for that service was granted eight acres
of land by the town.
He was a house carpenter and probably a farmer and lived in
Cbebacco parish, now Essex, Mass., but his exact place of abode is
not positively known. He is supposed to have lived at one time at
Helcher's Lane, in 1077 he gave a farm at Averill's Hill, which is
supposed to have been near Belcher's Lane, to his son John and
his daughter, Elizabeth Giddings. In 1078 he bought forty acres
from .John Cogswell, it being part of the Ipswich School farm or
pasture. It is supposed that he lived upon this place perhaps for
many years. Elias Andrews, Esq., of Essex, who was born on this
old place and has always lived upon or near it and is very familiar
with the locality says, that when he was a boy his father pointed
out to him a rock on the hill in the field east of the ancient
Joseph Andrews house on this place, upon which he said the corner
of the old John Andrews ham used to stand and that near to it
were pieces of hrick where he stated the old John Andrews house
once stood. No one can now tell who built the old house and barn.
The old house now on the place was built by Joseph Andrews,*
whose son Elias, was the first child born there, in 1772. This farm
is supposed to have descended to Joseph, sun of Lieut. John and
remained in that branch of the family until recent times and was
recently owned by Walter II. Stowe. By deed of Oct. 8, 1703, he
^ave eight acres of land to his son John. In that deed he called
the place bis homestead and this was less than five years before
his death. This place is in the north part of Essex, on the south
side of Choate Brook or Hardy Creek at the ancient Ilofiield bridge
and near the north end of Belcher's Lane and north of the Averill's
Hill place before mentioned. John Andrews, Jr. sold the land given
him by his father, on Feb. 9, 1704 to John Wainwright for £400,
and about the same time moved to Norwich, Ct.
The name of John Andrews frequently appears in the records
of Ipswich, also in the land and court records showing the following
conveyances in which he was interested:
Sept. 27, hiOO. John Andrews and wife Jane, of Ipswich, sold to John Choate of
same place, about 6 acres of marsh, south side of Ohcbacco river, at a place called
John Andrews Sen'r of Chebacco sold to Sergt. Thomas Kurnum same town,
carpenter, two H acre lotts: one granted unto Mr. Sam'l Symonds & the other unto
the grantor apoynted by the selectmen to be layd out next unto Sergt. Burnam's at
farr Chebacco, neare to the pasture given to the free scoole, acknowleded Mar. 19,
1673; "and Jane, his wife, did freely surrender her thirds or interest or dowry in the
land herein conveyed."
Nov. 20, 1073. John Andrews, Sen'r of Chebacco, carpenter, bought of Rich'd
Lee of same place in Essex county, planter, "All that six acres of marsh, more or
less, scltuate, lying and being on the ffiar syde of that creek that bounds Proctor's
Land & bounded by that creeke, butting down to a cove towards Goodman Dane's
Island to a greaL creeke and so upon a straight line up to that creeke to Proctor's
ground. The aforesayd six acres of marsh being alienated, bargained & sould by
me, Richard Lee, unto the sayd John Andrews, Sen'r, for & in consideration of nyne
pounds in corn in hand payd."
June 16, 1074. John Andrews of Ipswich, carpenter, bought of Samuel Symonds of
Ips. Gent. "All that pcell of his land or lott, belonging to the farimne or tenement
of the sd Samuel! symonds, which Killigresse Rosse now holdeth of the sayd Samuel
containeing by estimation three acres, be it more or less, with all and singular its
appurtenances which land lyeth at the lotts adjoining to the scoole far me of Ipswich
commonly called the new pasture in the Towne and shire aforesayd, excepting the
Oct. 25, 1073. John Andrews, Sen'r of Ipswich, in consideration of a small par-
cell of marsh & £8, deeds to Henry Bennett of the same towne "All that my division
lott, being a middle lott granted to me by the towne of Ipswich aforsd, N: 52 in the
town Book, situate, lyeing & being in Ipswich afore.sd, at Oastle Neck, having the
land of Daniel Warneron the one syde and the lott of Samuel) ingalls on the other
syde, upon Wigwam Hill, with all and singular the appurtenances," &c. Acknowl-
edged Jan. 27, 1075. The marsh which Bennett deeded to Andrews same day was "A
part of my ffarme lyeing neare to the foote bridge over the creeke, being compass
ed by a creeke & ditched out to part it from the farme. Containing one acre & a
halfe, be it more or less, as it is bounded by the creeke and ditch afore mentioned."
Oct. 29, 1875. John Andrews of Ipswich, bought of Robert Cross. Jr. of Ipswich,
seaman, two parcels of marsh & land in Ipswich at an Island formerly in ye posses-
ion of Robert Cross, Sen'r. in Chebacco River, bounded, the one parcel I containing
six acres, be it more or less, bounded by a creeke north, the land of Benjamin Mar-
sliall towards the west and the River towards the south and east. Also the other
pareell of six acres of marsh & one acre of upland, being upon the same Island and
bounded from an oake tree North ward and to the river and then againe south west
to a stake and from that stake norvvest to ye River. To Hold, &c.
July 13, 1076. John Andrews, Sen'r of Ipswich bought of Nathaniel Emerson of
Ipswich, "A 3 acre lott, the grantor's father, "Thomas Emerson's Division of I'lum
Island, Castle Neck & Hogg Island & fell out to be on Hogg Island."
29 9mo. 1070. John Andrews, Sen'r of Ipswich, had made over to him by Robert
Cross, Jr. of Ipswich, "A pareell of marsh which 1 had of my father, Robert Cross,
Sen'r, containing ten acres, more or less, lying in Cheboco River, bounded as follows:
from a stake towards Hogg Island River, North west and from that stake to another
against the middle of Dillo Est. and from that stake bounded with the thatch and
from that stake Northeast to a stake at the River,"
June iiO, 1077. Be it knowne unto all men by these presents:
That I, John Andrews, Sen'r of Ipswich In the county of Essex, for and In
consideration of that natural affection I doe bear to James G hidings and Elizabeth,
his wifCfiny daughter, Have * * * and do * * * continue vnto the sd James
Giddings, my Sonne in law and Elizabeth, his wife, my sayd daughter and to the
children of her, my daughter and their heirs forever, one moyaty and halfe part of
that land at Averill's Hill, the upland as it is already parted where the said James
and my son, John Andrews, now dwell and also halfe the meadow belonging there-
unto, viz: James (iiddings and John Andrews to make devission of the meadow
between themselves, with all and singuler the appurtauances and priviledges be-
The town of Ipswich allotted to each freeman fifty acres of land
for a farm and a house or home lot. We have mentioned that the
town granted eight acres of land to John Andrews for military serv-
ices. The Averill's Hill place may have been his farm allotment.
The town of Ipswich on Jan. 11, 1051 gave to the Grammar School
all the "Neck beyond Chebacco River and up to the Gloucester line."
The trustees of the school soon leased this land to John Cogswell, Jr.
for 100U years. Part of this land was sub-leased or sold to Lieut. John
Andrews in 1678, as appears by the following conveyance:
June 16, 1078. John Andrews, Sen'r of Ipswich, carpenter, bought of John Cogs-
well of Ipswich in America in the shire of Essex, Gent, and Margaret, his wife, a
parcell of upland and marsh, about 40 acres, it being part of the land the grantor's
father John Cogswell highred (hired) of the town of Ipswich; also, an island of
marsh & thach of about 2 acres, which lyeih by Goodman's old saw mill, bounded by
stakes & trees, &c by land of Goodman Coleman's fence, by Clark's Brook, by Glos-
ter line & by Chebacco River, itc. Andrews to pay yearly to Cogswell 20 in pork
during the term of the said lease.
The Andrews forty acres last described adjoined the land of Dea.
John Burnham on the south. The line between their lands was set-
tled by a committee of the town in 1094, as appears from the following
We the Committee luipowed to look after Encroachments and to settle the bounds
where they prove not settled, being informed that Deacon John Burnham, Sen'r
had Ineroaehed on the Town's Common Land, on the Southwest thereof, between
his Land and the New Pasture Land, so called. We having been upon the place
formerly and examined the matter and finding the bounds uncertainly settled, Dis-
coursed with the said Deacon Burnham, he having committed all into the hands of
his son, John Burnham, Consenting to what agreement should be made between him
and us; he the said John Burnham paying the charge of the Committee.
We have thus settled his bounds: beginning at the head of the Creek, called
Clark's Creek, near Joseph Andrews, his house and run by the Instrument on the
course of 08 degrees Eastwardly from the south, by the Oircumperenlor without
variation anil marked by a white oke tree within the fence near the said Creek, and
so on that Course, Cross the field to a small pine tree on the brow of a hill within the
Inclosed Land; then further to a white oke tree on the hill without the fence, then
a small walnut tree, then further on the same Course to a hollow oke just by the
Rode that Leads to Gloster, then further to a white oke tree within two rods of Glos-
ter Line and further to Gloster Line to a white oke, being a bound tree, marked
with the marking Iron. All which said trees are marked for his bounds he border-
ing all the way upon the New Pasture Land, from the said Creek onwards, about
one hundred and twenty five Rods to a white oke tree, marked for the corner of said
Pasture Land, now belonging to Mr. John Cogswell and the other two rods outward,
bordering upon the land reserved by 1 pswieh men, Lying between the land of the
New Pasture and Gloster Line: which said Pounds, as by the marked trees , we set-
tle for his Hounds and by consent of the parties concerned, viz: Mr. John Cogswell,
for himself and we, in behalf of and with the power of the Inhabitants of Ipswich.
To have and to hold the said Hounds for his Hounds.
The law of entail was strictly enforced in Massachusetts. Not
until 1G92 did the General Court permit the full disposal of lands.
This law perhaps accounts for the second lease from Cogswell to An-
drews, which follows. It may have been the opinion of the lawyers of
that time, that Cogswell could not prior to 1092, alienate the land
which he had sold to Andrews in 1078, as against his heirs; and that
after the new law was passed and after the settlement of the boundary
between the land of Burnhain and himself, the second lease was given
to perfect the title.
To all Christian People to whom these shall come or whom they may concern:
I, John Cogswell of Chebacco, in Ipswich, in the county of Essex, hi the Province
of Massachusetts Hay in new England send Greeting:
Know yee the. said John Cogswell, sou and heire of Mr. John Cogswell, formerly
of Chebacco, deceased, Lessee of the New Pasture (so called) on the southwestardly
side of Chebacco River, for one Thousand years from the lirst tearm and by vertue
of An Indenture or Deed of Lease, bearing date the sixteenth day of January, Anno
One Thousand six hundred and fifty, Hath (for and in consideration as well, of one
hundred pounds of Good merchantable Pay and five pounds in Good and Lawful
money Current in New England to him in hand paid, or to or before the enceallng
& delivering of these presents, to satisfaction secured, Hy Lieut. John Andrews,
Sen. of Chebacco aforesaid, the Receipt whereof said Cogswell doth hereby acknol-
age of said Andrews of any other Paym't thereof doth hereby discharge together
with his heirs, Executors & Administrators forever.) As for other Lawful Consider-
ations, Especially the Consideration hereafter Rchersed, * * 't demise and to Farm,
Let and by these presents doth clearly and absolutely Grant, Demise, Lease and
convey said Farm Lot unto said Lieut. John Andrews & heirs, Executors, Adminis-
trators, Assigns, These several Parcels of hind, whether Woodland, Pasture, mead-
ow or Arabale. Joyntly containing by Estimation Fifty acres, be it more or less, as
it is bounded in the following Inscription, viz: One angle of land in the said New
Pasture, containing by Estimation twenty four acres, more or less, bounded east-
wardly by land of John Hurnham. Sen. viz: beginning tit the head of Clark's Creek
by Joseph Andrews' door, running 5 degrees eastwardly from the said bounds to a
White Oak tree (marked,) within the fence', thence onward Cross the field to ye
brow of a hill to a White Pine, marked, thence onward to a White Oak, outside the
fence, so to a small Wallnut, marked, thence to a Black Oak, marked, standing be-
side the Road, from thence to a White Oak, marked. The Corner Hounds, Standing
within two Rods of Gloucester line. Hounded Southwardly towards the Borders of
Gloucester within two Rods of Gloucester line. Westardly by laud in the occupa-
tion of Joseph Andrews.
Also, parcel of upland and swampy land, in Quantity sixteen acres, bo It more
or less, twelve rods in breadth, most part of the way Lying on the other side of the
land in the * * and occupation of Joseph Andrews, above. Beginning at the
Eastwardly End of a feild (called Gregory's feild,) to a stake in the field, twelve
Rods from the corner, running soul hwestwardly along said field to a stake sixty
rods from a stake set up in said field, twelve rods oil Joseph Andrews fence, still
bearing that breadth, to another stake about Five rods, and turning South or there-
abouts, thirty rods to a stake on a Rocky Hill, then turning Eastwardly a little to a
9take at the bottom of the hill, twelve rods from the fence, then running south ward-
ly to the brook, Called Clark's brook, and through ye swampy land to a dry Maple
tree, marked, being seven rods off, square, from Joseph Andrews former bounds, being
one hundred & twenty or inure from the stake at the bottom of the Rocky Hill in the
pasture & to run straight from said stake to said maple, and su on within i wo roils
of the line formerly called Gloucester line.
Also, a piece of Saltmarsh & thatch ground nere said Cogswell's house* below the
bridge by John Burifham's, bounded southerly, eustwardly and westward ly by a
Creek (commonly called Haw mill creek) just a few rods by John Bumam's land.
Westwardly & Northwardly by John Cogswell's own land. All singular within Tracts
orpercelsof land are situated lying and being within Iho Province of the above said
New Pasture (so called) in Chebacco aforesaid. And also singular * * whatsoever
to the Premises and all & every Part and percel thereof belonging or anywise Ap-
pertaining. To Have and to Hold, all and singular above said Perccls of Land, and
all their Rights, Members and Appurtenances, unto said Lieut. John Andrews, Sen,
his heires, Administrators and Assigns from the dateof this Indenture unto Hie full
End and term of Nine hundred & lifty six and Five month, viz: to the end and Final
accomplishment of the duration of the Grand Lease, above said, Vealdlng and Pay-
ing therefor, yearly, as the rent thereof, Forty Shillings, twenty of which in Good
Butter & Cheese at the Current prices; The other twenty shillings in merchantable
Corn at the current Price. Which paym' toy said Lieut. John Andrews, his heires,
Executors, Administrators or Assigns Shall yearly be satisfied & corilpleated, to wit:
One Half of the yearly Revenues at or before the fifteenth of Nov.Hhe other half
on or before the fifteenth of March, and so Anniversarily during the term of the
Furthermore it is Provided that ye said Lieut. John Andrews, his heirs, Ex. Adm.
and all arid every person or persons who shall have, bold, use or Oceupie the De-
mised Pereels of Ground during the said Term, shall from time to time, and all limes
from the beginning of the Lease (namely the date thereof) and the whole Inter
space to the conclusion thereof, set up, Repair and maintain sufficient fence, fences
or fencing, in order to separating or Inclosing the hereby demised Lands, From
Clark's brook and downward as far as borders upon said Cogswell according to the
forementioned bounds, moreover the said Cogswell for and in behalf of himself, his
heires. Ex. Adm. & Assigns, to and with the said the said Lieut. John Andrews, his
heires, Ex. Adm. Assigns. Doth Indent, Grant, Covenant, Engage against himself,
his heires, Ex. Adm. or any other person or Persons from him, them or any of them
laying any Title, Claim or demand, to the Premises and their Appurtenances, The
whole and every Part and percel of the bargained lands & Appert. from the date
of this, to the end of the Grand Lease, to warrant, Avouch and defend by these
Presents. And that it shall perform the Aforesaid Conditions and Provisions.
It shall be Lawful for the said Andrews, his heires. Ex. to Warrent, avouch and
defend by these Presents, all Persons, to enjoy, use A Occupy the premises or other-
wise to their pleasure, profit or Advantage, during the indented term, in his or i heir
own Person or Persons whatsoever. Also, that it shall be warrantable for stud
Andrews, his heires, &c. or any one, him, them or either of them, in the possession or
Occupancy of the premises, to Pass and Repass to and from the same from time to
time in said * * in such a Convenient Way or Ways as shall be La yd out ami
agreed to by said Cogswell & said Andrews, his heires, Executors, Administrators &
Assigns, from time to time and all times during the term above said.
In Witness whereof the said Cogswell here unto sets his hand & Seal the thir-
teenth day of August Anno Dondne One thousand six hundred and ninety four.
Signed Sealed &. Delivered JOHN COGSWELL
in the Presents of us MARGARET COGSWELL
John Wade, Clerk Thomas Wade
J ustice of Peace.
To all Christian people to whorne the present Deed of Gift shall'come:
Lieut. John Andrews of Chebacco in Ipswich in the County of Essex within the
province of ye Massachusetts Hay in Newengland, Sendeth Greeting: know j e thesd
John Andrews for and in consideration of .ye Natural Love and good will & affection
I have for & do bear for my Eldest Sonne John Andrews. House Carpenter of ye
same town and county aforesaid. I do by these presents freely & voluntarily give
and bequeath unto my said Sonne John, All my homestead situated lying and being
InChobacco In Ipswich, aforesaid, both marsh & upland, which contains by Estlnia
Hon Eight acres, be ye same more or less. And bounded as followeth, Viz; notherh
upon ye Great creek and ditches, bounded Easterly upon laud of Joseph Gidding:
Southerly upon Land of .lub Glddlngs and Chebacco Commons, Westerly upon Lam
of Nathaniel Goodhue & Land of Ephmim Fellows. All ye said upland and mars)
as bounded with all ye several benefits and privclldges and appertenances thereon
therein or thereunto belonging, with housing, carriages, Timber Trees, water, watei
courses with common rights & Highways with all other accomodations whatsoever
With all the rights, Titals, imposts and Demands, of him ye sd Lieut, his Heirs, &(
Only preserving for liis own use and Improvement during ye whole terme of hi:
Natural Life and abode here, all of ye said housing & Land which he now Improves
And after ye Decease of ye said Lieut. John Andrews, when ye housing & land, afon
refered to, be my said sonne John's, his Heirs, &C. <&c. forever. And the. other pari
of sd * * of Land and marsh I have not refered to, being now in ye possession 01
my said sonne John, shall be unto him and his Heirs, forever. Furthermore, 1 allot!
to keep in my own hands and to be at my own disposal, hereafter, two certain peice:
of marsh, Comprehended in ye bounds aforesaid, And one lying, viz: ye Westerly
end of said lands and containing about an acre, be it more or less. Which I purchas-
ed of Ephraim Fellows. The other lying on ye North side of said Land and contain-
ing by Estimation two acres be it more or less. And Lying at ye Cove, that 1
bought of Henry Bennett Sen. All ol ye Granted premises with all the appurtenan-
ces, to him the said John Andrews, Jr. above named, to have and to hold quietly 8
Peaceably, and to In joy and Improve ye same &.c. &c. &c. Dated Oct. 8 17(13.
JOHN ANDREWS Seal
In 1675 he was on a commitee to lay out land near Ipswich.
Lt. John Andrews entered In town book according to law: one Iron gray horse
one White mare witli a long tayle.
In 1697 John Andrews entered in town book: One White mare with a long tayle;
One Dark Coll'd mare with a long tayle.
March 30 1683. Corporal John Andrews Is appointed Heftennt to the 3d company
at Chebacco and Mr. Goodhue, Jun, Ensigne.
The History of Essex in a fanciful manner thus refers to Training Day in old
Chebacco: "You are particularly struck with the appearance of the officers as they
stand out in front of the line. Lieut. Andrews in the military style of the day is
dressed in red small clothes and red stockings with a profusion of gold lace upon his
three-cornered hat. You look upon the long line of men and see countenances oi
sturdy courage and manly sense with bodies of great muscular strength. Their
dress is not perfectly uniform, yet they have all deerskin smallclothes and blue
stockings, with coats of good homespun cloth, spun and woven by their wives and
daughters. The platoon of boys with wigs encircling their rosy cheeks and small-
clothes buckled at the knees with long stockings and broad buckles upon their shoes
appear like men in miniature."
He should be remembered for his patriotism and sturdy courage
in resisting the arbitrary measures of Sir Edmond Andros, the Colo-
nial governor, in the town meeting of Ipswich on August 23, 1687, of
which he was moderator.
Upon the assent of James II. as King of England, Sir Edmund
Andros was appointed and sent over as governor of New England.
And in 1687 the governor and council ordered that a tax of a penny on
the pound should be levied on the property of the colony for the king's
revenue, lt was an arbitrary act, clearly without warrant of law and
in violation of the terms of the charter to the colony, which provided
that the colonists should not be taxed, except by act of its General
An order was directed to the town oflicers of Ipswich to choose a
commissioner to assist in assessing the tax in accordance with the
order of the governor and council.
John Andrews was chairman of the selectmen and John Appleton
was town clerk of Ipswich. The command was an unusual one and
appeared unlawful to the town officers, but coming from the chief
authority it demanded their earnest attention and they consulted and
advised over the subject. Living in their neighborhood was Rev.
John Wise, the minister of Ipswich, a man of eminent ability and of
good understanding and judgement. He with Andrews, William
Goodhue and others conferred about the matter and a meeting was
held at the house of Mr. Appleton for further consultation, at which
Mr. Wise made a bold, impressive speech, advising the townsmen to
stand to their priveliges. lie appears to have been the inspiration
and leader in the affair. In town meeting the next day— August 23
called for that purpose, it was voted by the town that it was not will-
ing to choose a commissioner as directed and a report to that effect
was sent to the governor, as follows:
"At a Legall Town Meeting Aug. 23 1(587 Assembled byvertueof
an order from John Usher Esq. Treas'er for choosing a Commiss'er to
join wth ye Selectmen to assess ye Inhabitants according to an act of
his Excellency, ye Governor & Council, for Levying rates.
"Then considering that the sd act doth infringe their Liberty as Free
borne English subjects of his Majesties by interfearing wth ye statu-
tory Laws of the Land. By whch it is enacted, that no taxes shall be
Levied on ye Subjects wth out consent of an assembly chosen by ye
Freeholders for ye samet
"They do therefore vote, that they are not willing to choose a
Commiss'er for such an end. wth out sd priveledge.
"And moreover consent not that the Selectmen do proseed to lay
out any such rate, until it be appointed by a General Assembly, con-
curring w-fch ye Governer and Counsell.
"Voted by the whole assembly twisse."
In response to this act of the town and its officials a warrant was
issued for the arrest of Mr. Wise, Andrews, Appleton, Goodhue, Rob-
ert Kinsman and Thomas French, as follows:
"Sir Edmund Andros, Knt. Capt. General and Governor in Cheife
of his Maj'ties Territory & Dominion of New England.
To Joseph Smith, Messenger:
Whereas, I have received Information that Thomas French, Con-
stable, of Ipswich in ye County of Essex, Jno Andrews of ye same
place & John Appleton of ye same place & clerk with divers others
Disaffected & evil Desposed persons within ye sd Town as yett unknown
on ye 23d day of August last past being mett <fc assembled together
att Ipswich aforesd Did in a most factious & Seditious & Con-
temptuous manner then & there vote & agree that they were
not willing nor would not Choose a Commissioner as by a War-
rant From Jno Usher Esq. his ' Majesties Treasurer & Receiver
General in psuance of ye laws of this his Maj'ties Dominion
to ye Constable & Selectmen of ye sd Town directed was
required to be Done wt the vote or agreement of them the sd Thomas
French, Jno Andrews & Jno Appleton & others as aforesaid was then
& their by their Consent & direction by him the sd Jno Appleton as
Clerk of ye sd Town putt into writing & published Contrary to & in
high Contempt of his maj'ties Laws & Government here established.
These are therefore in his Maj'ties Name to Charge & Command you
that, immediately you take into your Custody the bodyes of Thomas
French J no Andrews & J no Appleton & them safely keep & bring to
this place soe that you may have them before me in Council to An-
swer ye premises & whatelse shall be Objected against them or either
of them on his Maj'ties Behalf e.
And all Justices of ye Peace Sheriffs Constables & other officers
both Military & Civil & all other persons whatsoever are hereby strict-
ly Charged & Required to be Ayding& Assisting to you therein as
Occasion & for so doeing this will be unto you & them a Sufficient
Given under my hand & seal att Boston the 15th day of September
in ye 3d year of his Maj'ties Reign annoque Dom 1687.
They were arrested, brought before Gov. Andres and examined.
John Applegate being examined owned ye paper signed by him as ye
vote of ye town of Ipswich. That he wrote it as he was directed by
moderator, Jno. Andrews.
John Andrews, Moderator, owned ye paper signed by John Apple-
ton, Ck. to be ye Vote of ye town: but sayd ye clerk was ordered to
draw up a writing & he went out from ye meeting & did it & when
read was approved.
They were tried and found guilty pf contempt and high misde-
meanor and imprisoned twenty one days longer before sentence was
passed on them.
1 Mr. Wise tell the story of their affair:
"We John Wise, John Andrews, Sen. Robert Kinsman, William Goodhue, Jr. all
of Ipswich, about the &>d of August, 1U87, were, with several principal Inhabitants
of Ipswich, met at Mr. John Appleton's and there discussed and concluded that it
was not the town's duty in any way to assist that ill method of raising money with-
out a general Assembly, which was generally intended by Sir Edmund Andres and
his Council, as witness a late act issued out by them for such a purpose. The next
day in a general town meeting of the inhabitants of Ipswich, we the above named
J. Wise, J. Andrews, It. Kinsman, \V. Goodhue, and the rest of the town, there met
(none contradicting) and gave our consent to the vote then made. The ground of
our trouble, our crime, was the copy transmitted to the Council, viz: 'At a legal
.town-meeting, Aug. :.'3. assembled by virtue of an order from John Usher, Esq. for
choosing a commissioner to join with the .Selectmen to assess the inhabitants accord-
ing to an act of 11 is Excellency, the Governor and Council for laying of rates. The
town then considering that their act doth infringe their liberty as free English sub-
jects of His Majesty, by interfering with the Statute Laws of the land, by which it
was enacted, that no taxes should be levied upon the subject without the consent
of an Assembly chosen by the freeholders for assessing of the same; they do there-
fore vote that they are not willing to choose a commissioner for such an end with-
out said prlvelege, and moreover, consent not, that the Selectmen do proceed to lay-
any such rate, until it be appointed by a General Assembly concurring with Govern-
or and Council.' "
"We, the complainants, with Mr, John Appleton and Thomas French, all of Ips-
wich, were brought to answer for the said vote out of our own county thirty or" forty
miles into Suffolk and In Huston, kept in jai! for contempt and high mis lemeanor.
as our mittimus specifies, and upon demand, denied the privelege of habeas corpus,
and from prison overruled to answer at a Coin t of Oyer ami Terminer in Boston.
Our Judges were Joseph Dudley of Kojjbury, Stoughton of Dorchester, John Usher
of boston, and Edward Randolph, lie that officiates as Clerk and Attorney in the
case is George Farwell. The Jurors only twelve, and most of them (as Is said) non
freeholders of any land in the colony, some of them strangers and foreigners, gath-
ered up (as we suppose) to serve the present turn. In our defense was pleaded the
repeal of the Law of assessment upon the place; also the Magna Charier of Eng-
land, and the Statute Laws, that secure the subject's properties and estates, &c.
To which was replied by one of the judges, the rest by silence assenting, that we
must not think the Laws of England follow us to the ends of the earth, or whether
we went. And the same person (J. Wise abovesaid testifies) declared in open coun-
cil, upon examination of said Wise: 'Mr. Wise, you have no more prcvelogo left you,
than not to be sold as slaves,' and no man in Council contradicted. By such Laws
our trial and trouble began and ended. Mr. Dudley, aforesaid, Chief Judge, to close
up a debate and trial, trims up a speech that pleased himself (as we suppose,) more
than the people. Among many other remarkable passages to this purpose, he be-
speaks the jury's obedience, who (we suppose) were very well preincllntd, viz: 'I
am glad' says he, 'there be so many worthy gentlemen of the jury so capable to do
the King's service, and we expect a good verdict from you, seeing the matter hath
been so sutfiently proved against criminals." "
"Note- The evidence in the case, as to the substance of it was. that we too boldly
endeavored to pursuade ourselves we were Englishmen and mid ■ r priveleges, and
that wo were, all six of us aforesaid, at the town meeting of Ipswich aforesaid, and
as the witness supposed, wo assented to the aforesaid vote, anil also, that John Wise
made a speech at the same time, and said that we have a good God and a good King
and should do well to stand to our priveleges."^
"The jury returned us all guilty, being all involved In the same Information.
We were remanded from verdict to prison, and kept one and twenty days for judge-
ment. There, with Mr. Dudley's approbation, as Judge Slough ton said, this sentense
was passed, viz: John Wise suspended from the ministerial function, lined £50, pay
costs, £1000 bond; John Appleton, not to bear ofhee, fine £50, pay costs, £1000 bond;
John Andrews, not to bear office, line £30, pay costs, £300 bond; Robert Kinsman,
not to bear office, tine £30, pay costs, £500 bond; William Goodhue, the same; Thom-
as French, not to bear office, fine £15, pay costs, £500 bond. These bonds were for
good behavior one year. We judge the total charges for one case and trial under
one single information, involving us six men, abovesaid, in expense of time and
moneys of us and our relations for our necessary succor and support, to amount to
more, but not less than £t00, money. Too tedious to illustrate more at this time,
and so we conclude.' "
The town of Ipswich afterwards made up the loss to those so pros-
ecuted. And Mr. Wise sued Chief Justice Dudley for denying the
privelege of the writ of hebeas corpus and is said to have recovered
damages from him.
The action of these brave and courageous men on this occasion has
been called "The foundation of American Democracy."
It was a leading incident in colonial events, occuring eighty eight
years before the outbreak of the Revolution, which culminate in the
independence of this country.
In commemoration of that event the seal of the town of Ipswich
bears the following motto:
The Birthplace Of American Independence, 1687
During that horrible period of the Salem Witchcraft John An-
drews again comes into creditable public notice.
John Proctor, who was born in Chebacco, but had moved to Salem;
he and his wife, Elizabeth, had the awful misfortune to be charged
of being witches. They were arrested, cast into prison, tried and
convicted. Most persistent efforts in their behalf for clemency were
made. While in prison Proctor addressed Rev. Cotton Mather and
others imploring their assistance, that if possible, their innocent blood
might be spared. Their neighbors joined in a petition to the court to
save tbem. Rev. John Wise drew up a petition which was signed by
the men of old Chebacco, whose names were: John Wise, William
Cogswell, William Story, Sr., Jonathan Cogswell, Reginald Foster,
John Cogswell, J un., Thomas Chote, John Cogswell, John Burnham,Sr.
Thomas Andrews, William Thompson, Joseph Andrews, Tho. Low, Sr.
Benjamin Marshall, Isaac Foster, John Andrews, Jr., John Burriham,
Jr., William Ruslin, William Goodhue, William Andrews, Isaac Per-
kins, John Andrews, Nathaniel Perkins, John Choate, Sr., Thomas
Wilkins, Joseph Proctor, William Cogswell, Samuel (Jiddings, Thomas
Varney, Joseph Fveleth, John Fellows, James White.
it appears that the names of John Andrews and his four sons are
all signed to this petition, to their eternal honor and credit.
This document and list of names of those courageous, humane and
tolerant men, compares favorably with any which has come down to
us from the early colonial period of this country. By their act they
opposed the intolerance and superstition of the Puritans of New Fug-
laud, promulgated, represented and controlled by its clergy and magis-
trates, a clas; of rulers whose opposition or enmity it was dangerous
to encounter. Their acts on that occasion was at the hazard of their
lives. Many men and women during that troublesome period lost
their lives for as slight causes while attempting to interfere with pub-
lic affairs. It required stout hearts for our ancestors to sign and
present that petition at that particular time, more perilous in some
respects than the case of the resistance to the unlawful tax above cited.
Human blood was then rated cheap as the penalty for resisting the
authority and power controlled and executed by tyranical rulers. But
our grand old ancestor and his neighbors were again lighting a right-
eous cause, for humanity and against ignorance and superstition. And
while their efforts were futile to save the lives of both victims, for
John Proctor was hanged, but his wile was spared. The wave of fan-
aticism receded and that reign of terror passed away— let us hope
in a recent history of Ipswich, Mass. it is asserted: "Jn K5(i7 John
Andrews met the deserved frown of all good Christians when he ac-
knowledged his part in the indecent dishonor to the Sagamore's bones."
The author intimates that this was Lieut. John Andrews, which is
probably an error.
In the Ipswich papers by Messrs. Dow and Caldwell, appears this
account of the affair:
"The last of the Sagamores of the Agawams was buried with
Indian honors on Sagamore Hill, now within the limits of Hamilton.
About 1G58 some young fellows dug up the scull and carried it about
the streets. They were brought to justice and some fragments con-
cerning the affair, without dates, from the Court files have been found.
Testimony of John Andrews, Jr. The last spring he was at the Saga-
more's grave with Robert Cross, Jr., when he was digging of it and
that he the sayd Cross carried the sctdl upon a pole to a lott where
JohnGiddiugs was at plow and Confess that at first he digged up some
of the upper pt of the Crave, but did not alter dig further; they digg-
ed it with hows (hoes.)"
Tliis was evidently the son of Lieut. John Andrews, a mere lad.
Lieut. John Andrews was the oldest of the four Johns then living
at Ipswich (and Chebacco.) And was then called John Andrews, Sen-
ior. At that time, 1658 (not 1667,) Corporal John Andrews, the son of
Capt. Robert of Ipswich (not Chebacco,) was living; but from the con-
text, we do not believe it was him who was engaged in that affair.
He was then a man but little younger than Lieut. John. We thus
conclude because of the reference to Robert Cross, Jr., who was the
cousin of the John Andrews, Jr., mentioned; and the John (biddings
mentioned, may have been another kinsman to John, Jr.
This affair was probably the mischievous prank of boys, rather
than the act of full grown men.
From what has been discovered Lieut. John Andrews appears to
have been an honorable, courageous, level headed man, of local promi-
nence, respected and trusted by his neighbors and associates.
As a mere youth we find him righting the battles of his country
against the wiley, fierce and warlike Pequot Indians, then threaten-
ing the destruction of the infant colonies of Massachusetts and Con-
necticut. In middle life he had secured an estate for himself and
homes for his children and had provided against old age. Later, at
the head of the trainband and as a leader of the local government he
was among the first in Massachusetts possessing the courage to oppose
the tyranical and unlawful encroachments of Eugland against the
colonies. Still later, when the clergy and public officials had lost com-
mon sense and reason about public affairs and were yielding to the
ignorance and superstition of the witchcraft craze, we find him allied
with those tollerant of human rights and merciful toward the unfor-
tunate, courageously opposing against that reign of terrorof an unwise,
wicked, cruel clergy and magistrates, who were ruthlessly murdering
their victims, bathing their hands and wallowing in innocent blood,
under the pretense of law and justice !
He was a better man than some recent local writers of that vicin-
ity have portrayed him and who have erroneously ascribed to him the
acts of another person of the same name, as before explained.
There were several persons named John Andrews, living in Ips-
wich and Chebacco between 1635 and 1708, making it difficult to iden-
tify them and more especially, their several acts. A little examination
will explain: There was but one Lieut. John Andrews and he is the
subject of this work and the oldest living at Chebacco or Ipswich, who
bore the name, sometime called the Senior, it appears that he was
once called Corporal; but it will further appear that there was another
Corporal John Andrews.
Corporal John Andrews was the son of Capt. Robert Andrews, who
came from Norwich, Eng. in the "Angel Gabriel"and settled in Ipswich,
1635. He was named in the will of Capt. Robert, in 1643 as being then
a minor. He lived in Ipswich in 1646 and appears to have lived later in
Lynn. In 165!) he and his wife Sarah sold their Inn in Ipswich village
called the "White Horse Inn" in Hill street to Mr. Dinner, it was
this Corporal John and this place about which there was so much com-
plaint in the courts, etc. His father, Capt. Robert was licensed to
draw wine in Ipswich in 1635. It seems probable the son followed the
same employment, lie died. Ipswich, May 13, 1002 and his brother
Thomas, the schoolmaster was administrator of his estate. Among
his property were an 100 acre farm, a dwelling, two barns, a bake
house and orchard.
John Andrews, son of Lieut. John: m. Judith Belcher. We have
seen that his father gave him lands at Averill's Hill, etc. and that he
lived at Belcher's Lane. He moved to Norwich, Ct. about 1704 and died
there May 19, 1717.
John Andrews, son of Corporal John, m. Ann Jacobs. He was a
Shipwright and lived in Salem, 1071-88. He was the last of the des-
cendants of Capt. Robert, who bore the Andrews name..
Lieut. John Andrews died Chebacco, April 20, 1708.
[n the name of God, Anion. The thirteenth day of March one Thousand Seven
hundred and live. I, John Androuse, -ieulour, of Sebaeco in Ipswitch of ye Oountle of
Essex within ye province of ye Massathusettes beigh (Bay) in Newengland yeoman
being att this time of perfect mind and memory thanks be given unto god: Hut call-
ing unto mind ye mortallity of my'body and knowing yt it is appointed fore men
once to Dye, Do make and ordaine This my Last will and Testament— that is to say
principally and first of all, I give & Recommend My Soul into ye handes of god yt
gave it, and my body I Recommend to ye Earth, to be Buried in decent Christian
Burial at ye Descretlon of my executors; nothing Doubting but At yeCenneral
Reserrection I shall receive ye same againe by ye mighty power of god, and touch-
ing Such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased god to bless me in this Life I
Give, Demise and Dispose of ye same in the following manner and forme.
Imprimis, I give and bequeath unto my Eldest Son Jno. Androuse ye sum of
five shillings to be levied out of my Estate and paid by my executor unto him
after my Desease allso Confirming to him what I have already given him by Deed
Item. I give and bequeath to my second Son William Androuse one fourthe
part of my whole estate both lands or marsh which I have not allready given
away by Deed of gift and allso al my moveable Estate according to a true In-
ventory thereof taken. What shall remaine to be clear Estate after my funeral
Expenses and just Debtes are paid I freely give my Son William androuse one
fourth part thereof onely I do hereby oblige him to pay one fourth part of ye
charges of maintaining my Wife So long as She shall live after my Decease &
when it shall please god to take her Away by Death I do hereby oblige him to
pay one fourth part of ye charges of a decent fanerall unto her.
Item. I give and bequeathe to my Son Thomas androuse one fourth part of
my whole Estate both landes and marsh and al other Estate which shall be clear
according to inventory after my funeral! expanses and just Debts are paid onely
1 do Here by oblige 1dm to Bay one fourth part of ye charges of maintaining my
wife so long as she shall live after my Decease and to pay one fourth part of her
funerall charges when it shall please Cod to take her away by Death.
Item. I give and bequeath to my Son Joseph Androuse one fourth part of my
whole Estate both Reall and personall as landes marsh or other Estate accord-
ing to inventory of what shall appear cleare Estate after my funerall Expenses
aud just Debtes are paid, Also I do hereby oblige him to pay one fourth part of
ye charges in maintaining niy wife yo Long as She shall live after my Decease
and to pay one fourth part of ye charges of Her funerall when God shall please
to take her away by Death.
Item, 1 give and bequeath to Elizabeth my Daughter wife of James Giddinge
one fourth Bart of my whole Estate both Heal aud personal as landes marsh or
any other Estate according to Inventory as shal appear to be clear after my
funerall expenses and Just Debts Are paid onely I obligcher to pay one fourth
part of ye charges of maintaining my Wife so long as she shall live after my
Decease and to pay one fourth part of ye charges of her Funerall when god shall
please to Deprive her of her Naturall life Also 1 do hereby order and Desier yt
my Wife shall Dwell with my Daughter Elizabeth giddinge after my Decease so
long us she lives, (further more I do hereby order ordaine and appoint my trusty
friend William Gldding of Shebaeeo Cordwainer to be my Executor of this my
Last Will anil Testament) and I Do hereby utterly Disallow Revoak and Disanull
all and Every other former testamentes Willes legaeyes and bequestes and exec-
utors by me in any ways before named Willed and bequeathed Ratifying and
confirming this and no other to be my last Will and testament in Witness whereof
I have hereunto set my hand and Scale ye Day and year above written
Signed sealed published pronounced and declared by ye same Juo Audrouse
Senlour as his Last Will and testament in ye presents of us subscribers
.Job G id dings
Ipswich, May 17 1708. Before me ye Hon'le John Appleton, Esq. Judge of
ye Probate of wills &C. in said county Job Giddings & Solomon Giddings both of
Ipswich made oath yt they were present & saw Lt J no Andrews late of Ips De-
ceased slgne & seale & heard him publish & declare ye above written Instru-
ment to be his Last will and testament and when ho so did he was of good un-
derstanding & Disposing mind to ye best of yr Discerning & yt at ye same time
they sett to yr hands as witnes In his p'sents and also saw Nathl Goodhue signe
as a witness at ye same time.
Sworn attest. Danl Rogers, Regr
Upon which this will is proved approved & allowed the Executor accepts his
Attest Danl Rogers, Regr.
Ipswich, May 2'J 1717. Administration (De Bonis Non) on ye Estate of
Ltt Jno Andrews Late of Ipswich Deed Is granted unto Mr Adam Cogswell of
Ipswich creditor to ye Estate of ye said deceased he having given bond to admr
according to Law which has not been administered upon by ye former Admr &
not given in ye deed To exhibit an Inventory and render an account at or before
ye first monday in May next ensuing ye date.
With bond on tile are the following papers:
Know all men by these presents that we Jonathan Cogswell of Chebacco and
Hannah Perley of Boxford do Impower and authorize our brother Adam Cogs-
well of Chebacco to ask demand and draw in our bchalfes ye for a common right
of Lieu Anilrus now belonging the one half to ye said Adam Cogswell the other
half to us the said Jonathan & Hannah Promising & by these binding our selves
to stand by said Adam Cogswell and bare our proportionable partes of what
Reasonable charges the said Adam Cogswell shall expend in and about the same
and for contiirmation hereof we hereunto sett our bands this 20 day of Decemr
In presence of Jonathan Cogswell
John Poster Hannah Perley
This may signify to all persons home (whom) it may concerne that I Thomas
Andrews fr do claime no Right in ye old common Right of my fathers .John An-
drews Deceased at Averyshill as witnes my hand This 3d day of January 1716-7.
This may signilie to all persons home (whom) it may concern that I Joseph
Andrews fr Doe claime no Right in ye old common Right of my father John An-
drews Deceased at Averyhill as witness my hand This 3d day of Jan 1716-7.
* The name is nearly obliterated on the record.
Chihlren born Chebacco:
' Mary Belcher.
Stephkn Jordan came in the Mary and John, in the company of
Rev. Thomas Parker, from Wiltshire, England, which sailed from
Southampton with Capt. Robert Sayers, March, 1634, and arrived at
Boston, May 24, 16:54. Little is known about his family; his daughter
Jane married Lieut. John Andrews and another daughter, Hannah,
married Robert Cross of Chebacco. It is probable that he was first
married before coming to this country, but nothing has been found
relative to the mother of his children. lie settled in Ipswich, Mass.
where he was a proprietor, 1636; herd keeper, 1645. Sold his land at
Ipswich, 1653 and moved to Newbury, Mass. Married Susannah, widow
of Nathaniel Merrill of Newbury; probably his second wife, but not
the mother of his children. He died Newbury, Feb. 8, 1669. His wid-
ow died Jan. 25, 1672. g^
The last will and testament of Stephen Jordan of Newbury, in the County of
Essex, written tins fifth of April, One thousand six hundred and sixty seven; having
through God's grace perfect sense & memory.
First. I commend my soule to God that gave it & my body to the earth In assured
hope of the resurrection of the just & for what estate the Lord hath given me I dis-
pose of as followeth:
First. I give to my daughter Cross, lifteen pounds which is In her husband's
Also, 1 give to my daughter Andrews of Ipswich fifteen pounds which is in her
husband's hands already.
For my house & land In Newbury, I give it to my wife during her natural! life &
after her decease I give it to Stephen Gross, the son of Robert Gross of Ipswich, my
son-in-law. Two cows 1 give to my wife; halfe my household goods I give also to
my wife & the other halfe to my two sonns Robert Gross and John Andrews equally
divided, My will is that Stephen Gross shall give to my kinswoman & my grand
child Elizabeth Andrews out of the land above given unto him the sum of .t'3.
Signed with my hand this 5 Apr; itit>7.
In the presence of us whose Stephen Jordan
names are underwritten and a mark
Susan Wheeler and a mark.
Mary Poore and a mark.
This will allowed to be a will: wanting an Executor, the court ordered that the
estate be left in the widdow's hands for her comfortable subsistance during her life.
In court held at Ipswich the 2(1 day of Mar. 1670.
As attest Robert Lord. Glerk.
An Inventory of the lands, goods & chattels of Stephen .Jordan, who deceased
this life Feb. H, ltSiii)-~0; taken by us whose names are underwritten.
1 mprimis, the house and 8 acres of buret! land
One old cow & a small cow & :'. yearling heifers.
One c-ow came from Ipswich, t'4 Four swine, fc'l.
i o o
Debts which he oweth
i). Ill ti
.lohii Merrill VVm. Sawyer
Wm. lMllsbury Anthony Somerbv
The Inventory mentions: "In Debt which I owe to Abe Merrill for days work
* * * besides attendance on me night & day for three last years, which if made
up ten pounds he would be a looser."
It also mentions debts due to Daniel and Nathaniel Merrill.
John and Nathaniel Merrill were brothers and came from Salis-
bury, Wilts, England to Ipswich, Mass., 1633 and were among the first
settlers of Newbury, Mass., 1634-5, They are said to have descended
from the Huguenot family of De Merle, who escaped from France to
England after the massacre of St. Bartholomew.
Arms: or, a barrulett, azure, between three peacock's heads,
erased, proper, one in chief and two below.
Crest: a peacock's head, erased, proper.
Nathaniel and Susannah Merrill were probably married in Eng-
land. He d. Newbury, Mar. 16, 1654-5. His widow in. Stephen Jordan
as above stated. Children; John, Abraham, Nathaniel, Susanna,
Daniel, Abel, Thomas.
The descendants of Lieut. John Andrews number many thousands
and have intermarried with many of the early land lies of Essex and
neighboring towns, where they are now numerous; but thousands re-
moved to other parts of Mass., to other states and foreign countries.
Among the early allied families are those of: Abbott, Adams, Aver-
ill, Ballard, Belcher, Bigelow, Bolton, Boreman, Bradstreet, Brown,
Burnham, Butler, Chandler, Choate, Cogswell, Crafts, Cross, Curtis,
Dane, Davis, Day, Dodge, Eaton, Emerson, Einerton, Eveleth, Foster,
French, Frye, Fuller, Giddings, Goodhue, Gott, Gould, Hadlock,
Harris, Haskell, Hawkes, Hibbard, Hodgkins, Hodgman, Holmes,
Hubbard, Ingalls, Jewett, Johnson, Jordan, Kimball, Kinsman,
Knowlton, Lake, Lawrence, Lee or Leigh, Lothrop, Low, Lufkin,
.Manning, Marshall, Mixer, Norwood, Peabody, Perkins, Pierce, Pol-
and, Poole, Preston, Pulcifer, Read, Reed, Riggs. Ring, Rust, Scott,
Smith, Spofford, Stearns, Stewart, Story, Symonds, Tarr, Thompson,
Walker, Wardwell, Warren, Wheeler, Wiswell, Woodbury and others.
This copy is sent to you for examination and criticism. If it con-
tains errors or anything objectionable it would be a favor to receive
notice of the objection or correction before publication in permanent
form, as it is designed when perfected to use this sketch of our ancestor
for the opening chapter of the History of the Andrews Family. Any
additional facts or information about our ancestor is earnestly desired
and would be thankfully received by the author, especially full copies
of deeds or other documents or records relating to him.