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Q 9 r 




LIFE AND TIMES 



ANTHONY WOOD 



effort 

BDKACS HART, PBINTU TO TBE O KHtl t SI TT 



The Life and Times of 

Anthony Woodj antiquary^ 

of Oxford, 1632-1695, 

described by Himself 



COLLECTED FROM 



HIS DIARIES AND OTHER PAPERS 

BY 

ANDREW CLARK, M.A. 

FELLOW OF UNCOU* COLLEGE AND VICAR OF S. HICHAZl's, OXFORD 

VOLUHX I: 1632 — 1663 

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS 



Oxford 

PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

1891 

[All rights reserved ^ 



203468 



••CI ' * I .* I "*. ■' 1 *•'*** ' 



PREFACE. 



In issuing this first volume of Wood's Life and Times I have to 
express my obligations to all members of the Bodleian staff, for their 
ready help in the multitudinous enquiries which I have had to address 
to them. My particular thanks are due to Mr. F. Madan, M.A., for 
information and counsel which have helped me out of many diffi- 
culties. My pupil, Mr. John Darlington, Commoner of Lincoln 
College, associated himself with me in preparing for this work the 
narratives of contemporary Entertainments, Ceremonies, etc., found 
in Wood MS. D 19(3): I gratefully acknowledge his assistance. 

As the sheets have been passing through the press I have noticed, 
too late for correction, several slight repetitions ; it will perhaps be 
considered sufScient apology for such slips, that these notes had 
to.be brought together from widely scattered sources and at such 
irregular intervals as pressing duties allowed. 

The whole of the copy for this work has been sent to press, so 
that no other delays need take place than those caused by yearly 
publication. Complete indexes will, of course, be given with the 
last volume. But in view of the intervals between the yearly issues, 
a temporary index has been added to the present volume. It is 
designedly brief and incomplete, but embraces the chief names of 
Academical interest. 

The analyses here given will supply the place of a Table of 
Contents. 

ANDREW CLARK. 



CONTENTS. 



TKAK 

i6$4 



I. Events, btc. relating to the Ukiveesity and City 
OF Oxford. 

UOKTH 

March orders for repair of streets 

July 

July 



»635 
1636 
1640 
164a 



Aug. 

Aug. 



■ 44 

Somerset and Blaemaotle heralds visit Oxfordshire . . 44 
the University claims exemption from heralds* visitation . 45 

a qoack visits Oxford 377 

Smith gate widened 351 

visit of Charles I and his conrt 46 

a quack visits Oxford 377 

the Univeisity takes up arms for the king • • • 53> 54 
Aug. — Sept. the Uni\-er5ity fortifies Oxford for the king . . 55, 57 
Aug. — Sept Oxford occupied by the king's troops ... 56, 57 

Sept. the City inclines to the Farliameot 59 

„ the Univeisity offen submission to the Parliament . . 59 

„ Oxford is abandoned by the king's troops .... 59 

„ Oxford is occupied by Parliamentary troops ... 66 

„ the fortifications are destroyed by the Parliamentary forces . 61 

„ plate and arms are searched for by the Parliamentary forces 61, 63 

„ popish books and pictures bomt 63 

„ plate restored on condition of being withheld from the king . 64 

„ mutiny among the Parliamentary forces . . . 64, 65, 67 

61,65 
- 67 
. 67 
68,69 

• 70 
73-74 



Oct. 



Nov. 



the University is disarmed 

Oxford is abandoned by the Parliamentary forces 
the City fortifies Oxford for the Parliament . 
Charles I makes Oxford his head-quarters . 
the king disbands the County train-bands . 



Nov. — Dec. the long fortifies Oxford 



Dec dispute about an Assessor in the Vice-chancellor's court J6, 84, 85 

. . . yearly payment to a Greek student 76 

1643 Jan. petition from the Parliament presented to the king . 79, 80 

„ the Mint set up in Oxford 80 

„ . the king borrows the University money and demands College 

plate Si, 94, 100, loi 

„ the king reviews his army 83 

,, military punishments and executions . .83, 83, 91, 93 

„ the Courts of Law sit in Oxford 83 



viii COXTEXTS. 

nxc momm fMK 

1643 Feb. Coramuaooen from the Puttsment come to the kn^ . 86-88 

„ CotnmusioDers from Sosdind come to the king . 88, 93, 98 

„ the king calb npoa the UniTcisitT to ccMopIete die locti- 

ficatiou 89^ 100 

March — June, the forti£citiocs ue poshed oo . - 9if 97, 99. 100 

March — ^Apr. CommtssicMicrs from the Parliament come to the king 92, 97 

Apr. the king reriem his army 95, 9^ 97 

„ the king commands the UnireiBty aod Citj to provide a 

gxnisoo for Oxford 96, 100 

„ the County traio-bands are called npoo to provide part of the 

garrison 99 

Jane the king demands more mooey tttxa the ITnmnity and 

City 100, loi 

„ great thmider-stotm ... ..... loi 

„ the Unirenity is called npon to "■'"t* '" soldien . . loa 

„ the UntTcrsity complains that the City is interfering with 

priTileged persons of the Uoivosity and with other 

priTileges loa 

July the qaeen arrires in Oxford and resides there ... 103 

OcL an epidemic rages in Oxford 104 

. . . theChancellorof the University (earlofPembroke)isremovcd 

from office 104 

. . . Smith gate widened 351 

1644 Apr. the Univeisity furnishes a regiment for garrison doty . 106 
May the earl of Essex and the Parliamentary army maid) put 

Oxford 107 

Oct a great fire iii, 439 

. . . Parliament (King Charles') in session at Oxford . . . iia 

1645 May plague in Oxford iig 

,, Godstow nunnery burnt 344 

1646 Jan. Oxford prepares for a siege 135 

June plague in Oxford 137 

„ Oxford Eurreadeis to the Parliament 138 

. . . Presbyterian preachers sent to bring Oxford over to Presby- 

terianism 13O 

. . . the Presbyterian preachers opposed by the Independents . 130 

. . . evil effects of the siege on the University . . . .129 

1647 Aug. plague in Oxford 133 

. . . defects of the Matriculation register 133 

1648 . . . Puritan students flock to Oxford 140 

. . . Common Prayer disconttnued . . . - . . . 313 

. . . Visitation by the Parliamentary Commissioners . , 141-144 

. . . negociations with the City about the privilege! of the 

University 371 

Aug. a Cavalier ;?lot frustrated' 146 

. . . leading Presbyterians and Independents in the University . 147 

1649 Jan. orders to enforce the wearing of Academical dress . . 148 
. . . neglect of the old rules about dress , 149 



CONTENTS. ix 

YEAK HOKTH PACE 

1649 Jb^ Ijait dispoUtions (' determination ') enforced . . . 149 
Feb. a new MatricoUtion register begun ..... 150 
Feb. — Nov. controversy, as to the University privileges, with the 

City 150, 153, 158 

Jnne scarcity of R(^ent Masters 153 

July a Univenity ' Architypographns ' appointed . . . 354 

„ money given to a Greek abbot 154 

Sept rising of the Levellers, mutiny in the garrison at Oxford . 155 
SepL — Oct, number of oaths required by the University and College 

Statutes ordered to be reduced .... 155, 157 
Oct. an Assessor is appointed for the Vice^hancellor's court . 157 
Nov. the Collies are called upon to iind money to carry on the 

suit about privileges against the City . . . -159 
„ attendance at the Tuesday sermons is enforced . . -159 

1650 March the Colleges desire to conduct their elections without inter- 

ference from the Parliamentary Visitors or Conunittee . 162 
Jnne the City disputes the authority of the Proctors . . . 163 
July the Vice-chancellor is to exercise the powers of the Chancellor 

during a vacancy of that office .... 163, 164 

„ an Assessor in the Vice-chancellor's court .... 163 
Nov. oath at Matriculation replaced by a promise . . . 165 
Dec. an execution at Oxford 165 

„ Select Preachers appointed for University Sermons . . 166 

... a coffee-house opened in Oxford 168, 466 

. . . Oxford Castle fortified by the Parliamentajy governor . . 1 70 

1651 Jan. Oxford infested by b^gars 166 

„ Parliamentary Visitors interfere at Merton College . . 167 

Feb. publicity ordered for degree disputations .... 167 

Aug. Charles II expected to atUck Oxford 170 

. . . old church pictures obliterated 309 

1653 Jan. turbulent state of the University 174 

Apr. Parliamentary Committee for regulating the University is 

stopped 174 

July an Act celebrated 173, 175 

. . . declamations are made part of exercises for M.A., and wall- 
lectures stopped 177 

... the passage at Smith gate is closed with posts . . . 351 

... a quack visits Oxford 377 

1653 Oct. five Oxford parishes united for registration purposes . . 183 
. . . proposal to confiscate University and College eadowments . 394 

1654 July double execution at Oxford 186 

Aug. John Selden is allowed to borrow certain MSS. from the 

Bodleian 187 

Nov. the University petitions the Parliament on behalf of the 

faculty of Law 187 

. . . the University sends complimentary vcrsee to the Protector, 

Oliver 189 

... a second coffee-house is opened in Oxford . 1S8, 189 



X CONTENTS, 

YEAS MONTH PAUE 

1654 . . . the Quakers come to Oxford 190,191 

1655 Jnly a collectioa in the UoiveTsity for the Vaudois 198 

,, an Act celebrated 336 

. . . TUliard's cofTee-honse opened 301, 466 

1656 Apr. the course for M.A. is increased ; definite study is required in 

the faculties 306 

,y superfluous oaths required by the Statutes are abolished . 307 

July an Act celebrated 307 

Oct. the University tries to get John Selden's library . . . 309 

. . . weeklymusic-meetingsat the house of William Ellis 304,373,375 

1657 July an Act celebrated 331 

„ Vavasor Powell preaches in Oxford .... 33i, 393 

. . . numerous maltsters ia Oxford 333 

. . . dder commonly dnmk 333 

1658 . . . Davis Mdl, the musician, in Oxford 341 

Apr. Nixon's school is begun 345 

May execution in Oxford 350 

„ Smith gate is closed with posts 351 

July a salaried Assessor in the Vice-chancellor's court . . 356, 373 

„ an Act celebrated ; the Terrat_fiHi punished . . 356 

„ John Gamble and Thomas Pratt, musicians, in Oxford . 356 

„ Thomas Baltzar, the mosician, in Oxford . . . 356, 357 

„ the foundation is laid of Nixon'i school . . . 356, 358 

„ the Vice-chancellor interdicts the sale of Francis Osborne's 

Advice to a Son 357 

„ a proposal to abolish Terraefilii is rejected . . . 358 

Aug. a great wind 358 

Sept. Richard Cromwell proclaimed at Oxford .... 359 

1659 Feb. the University petitions Parliament to recall the Parliamentary 

Visitors a68 

„ partial contempt of Academical dress .... 368, 359 

March scurvy-grass driulc is fashionable 373, 466 

Apr. a fire in Holywell 377 

Jane — July, an Anabaptist rising feared .... 379, 380 

Jnly a Cavalier rising feared 380 

„ dissensions between Presbyterians aud Independents in the 

University 368, 369 

„ a great wind 380 

Sept. John Selden's library brought into Oxford .... 383 

„ a sham patriarch in Oxford 383 

. . . Chemistry studied in Oxford 390, 473 

. . . proposal to disendow the University 394 

. . . weekly muMC-meetings in College rooms . . . -375 

. . . old church paintings obliterated 309 

1648-1659, characteristics of Presbyterians and Independents . 396-301 

1653-1659, attacks on the Univeisities and Academical learning . 394-396 

1660 Jan. John Belchior, Anabaptist, preaches at Oxford . , . 30a 
Feb. rejoicings at Oxford for news of ' a free Parliament ' . 303, 304 



COm'ENTS. 



xt 



MCMIl rw* 

ManJi liulependenti ejected from Giriit Cburch, icd rcpkocd bjr 

Pieibyteiiaiu 307 

Ape eledknof memben ofrarliuncnt for the Citjr • 3ii 

„ ,, „ for the U&ivcnitjr . .313 

„ ComaoQ Pnycr vic& m a parish chttrdi . . . '313 

Apr.— May. dispatcd clcctton to the Proctontup . . 310, 313. 314 

Apr.— May. tokeni of mooardiy restored .... 313,314 

Mftji Ma<r-pole «et np 314 

,, Oarlo 11 proclumed at Oxford . « . . . 314 

M Ricbanl Cromwell resigns the CbuiccIkinUp of the Uni- 

vwihy 315 

„ Arabic books aDdertakcn bj* the University press . . . 316 

,1 oelebniioo uf Cbaitcs IFs RcstomlioD : fetiritiet si 

Ox£9id 31A, 317 

„ mnaetous M*y-poles in Oxford 317 

June William Seymour, tnanjtus of Hertford, le-iiatMtcd In the 

Cbancgllonhip of the UniYenJty 318 

„ King Charla II appoints a Royal Conunlstoo to nsit the 

Unlvcnity 318 

„ aDtt-ouuiaichical books taken oat of Bodleian and other 

libraries and bomt 319 

n CommoD Prayer ucd io CoVe^ chapcU . . . 313, 319 

„ the Uoitcmty coaf^ratsUtes tbe kiDg 319 

„ Scldca's marbles set op in Oxford .... 320, 351 

Jnly DO Act this year jao 

„ a play pnblicly acted by sdtolan 33a 

« ejectiaa of intnded Heads, Profeasors, Bedells . . 336 

July— Oct Visitatko of the Unhmnty aiid Colltses by the Klag'i 

Cotcraiariooers 3i4-3a6, 336 

Aof. the Acting Conmuttee appointed by the FarHamcntary Visitors 

is diMolTcd 318 

„ the oaths of allegiance am) taptemacy are enloroed . 3«S 

Aag.— Dec floods of hortoraiy decrees . 33^335t 337i 34*^348, 3B1 
Sept. the UniTcrsity petitkau the Idng in £tvoor of the fsculty of 

Uw 33a 

I, the UaiTetnty bsae* vene* oa the death of the dake of 

Gtoooetter 33a 

„ — i^—ni w to the Kh^s f< WD III 1 iiioiOT i at Ltacolo Col* 

I««e 3»i334 

. CDittcn for Bodky*! libtuiatishtp .... 334, 335 

Oct. orden esfordnE Academkal drew 336 

„ Edward Hyde (call of Ghnndoa) elected Chaaccllof of the 

VaiTenky 337, J46 

Odv—Dec ceouonny with the City abovt the Mayor^ caih of 

fidelity to the Unircrdty 33A, 350, 370, 371 

Not. cnl of Clanadoo iuEtalled Chaocellor of tbe L'nifeeuty (al 

Lsndaa} 34^ 

ssrplioci MBd orjjans icsBned in Oxwrd .... 347 



xii CONTENTS. 

YEAR MOKTH 'ACX 

1660 Nov. — Dec. a malignant fever at New College . . . 347, 349 
Dec another play publicly acted by scholars .... 350 
. . . collection in the University 00 bdialf of the College at New 

Aberdeen 351 

. . . opposition in the University to the Royal Society . . 3^ 

. . . LatJtndinarians arise 355 

. . . declamations for M.A. abolished and vrall-lectnres resnmed . 464 

. . . contrast between Pnritan and Restoration Oxford. 353, 355-370 

. . . venality of Restoration times . . 310, 333, 365, 367, 465 

1661 . . . sloth and dissolnteness of Restoration Oxford 

353, 355-357. 359-36i, 366 

. . . Tuesday sermons abolished 356 

Jan. — Apr. controversy with the City about the Mayor's oath to the 

University 37»-376. 384. 399 

Jan. a rising of Anabaptists is feared 377, 379 

„ the University claims the night-police .... 371, 380 

Jan. — Feb. the snrplice is abused 358,380 

Feb. a quack visits Oxford 377, 3S0 

March the University petitions- the king for the restoration of many 

privileges usurped by the City 373 

„ turbulence in the University during Lent exercises . . 384 

„ an Ordination at Christ Chnrch ; chapter of accidents there . 388 

March — May. opposition to Sir Thomas Clayton at Merton College 

385. 389-393 

March — Jane, floods at Oxford 401 

Apr. election of members of Parliament for the University . . 398 
» „ » for the Cky ... 399 

„ Coronation festivities at Oxford 399 

June prince Manrice of Nassau visits Oxford .... 402 

July the duke of Yoik's company of actors and actresses exhibits 

at Oxford 405, 406 

„ scholars ruined by them 406 

„ an Act celebrated 406, 466 

Aug. Terreufilitu punished 406, 407 

SepL state reception of the Cbanccllor of tlie UniveTsity (earl of 

Clarendon) at Oxford 411-415 

„ Clarendon's hostility to the Puritans .... 413, 415 

„ a flood of honorary degrees , .412, 438, 439 

Sept.— Oct. fever in Oxford 417,418 

Oct old Academical rites at a Doctor's funeral . . •417 

. . . sloth and dissolnteness of Restoration Oxford . . . 433 

1663 Feb. chinmey-money imposed on the University . 39S, 431, 433 

„ a great wind 431-433 

Feb. — Apr. dispute about the Proctorial cycle 433, 435, 437 

June proposal to increase exercises for M.A. . 443, 464 

July Arminianism versus Calvinism ..... 445, 465 

„ Friday sermons stopped 445 

Aug. Hungarian students in Oxford 452 



CONTENTS. xiti 

YEAR MONTM PACK 

i66a Ang. Assessor in Vice-chancelloi'g conit abolished . . . 453 
„ 'Black Bartholomew* in Oxford; Pnritan Heads and Fellows 

ejected . . . 453 

SepL Pmitaa stodents expelled 454 

„ Christian, prince of Denmark, visits Oxford .... 456 

„ an affray between scholars and rustics 457 

Not. small-pox at New College 461 

Dec declamations for M.A. restored 464 

. . . matricnlation at coming up to the Univeisity enforced . . 464 
. . , Oxford, deserted alike by Fnritans and Romanists, declines in 

numbers 301, 465 

. , . sloth, cynici.<;m, and petnlance of Restoration Oxford . . 465 

. . . vmality of the times 465 

... the Collies contribute towards a University poor-rate . . 466 

. . . Chemistry is stndied in Oxford 47 a, 473 

1663 Jan. plays acted by Oxford prentices 467 

Apr. dissensions at Magdalen College 473 

May a great flood 474 

„ election of High Steward of the University .... 475 

Joly fhneral of archbishop Jnxon 47*^483 

„ an Act celebrated 4S3 

„ funeral of Dr. William Creed 484 

„ removal of archbishop Land's remains from London to 

Oxford 484 

„ a miracle-monger in Oxford 486 

Ang. — SepL the Magdalen Collie libel case .... 486-4S9 

Sept the cage and pillory set ap in a different place . 489, 508 

„ Charles II, his qneeo, and court visit Oxford . . 490-499 

,, Clarendon's hostility to the Puritans . , 499, 500 

Oct. opposition to Robert Sonth's honorary degree goo, 50a 

Nov, a swindler exploits Oxford 504 

,, Magdalen College case is tried before the King in 

Council 507, 508 

Dec. triplets bom in Oxford 508 

. . . Pnritan conventicles hunted out by lewd persons . . . 509 
. . . extravagancies of the dress of the period .... 509 
. . . dispute about the boundary between S. Peter's in the East and 

S. John Baptist parish 510 



II. Events, etc., personal to the author, Anthony Wood. 

1633 Dec. A. W. bom and christened 43> 44 

1633 ... is nursed by bis mother 44 

1635 . . . has small-pox '. . 45 

1636 Aug. sees Charles I 46 

1637 . . . leams to read 46 

... is trodden on by a horse 46 



XIV 



CONTENTS. 



TEA! HOmK fACK 

1640 March bU younger brotlier, John, dicf 47 

b^bs Latin 48 

b^ins to collect ballads 48 

1641 . . . sent to New ColI^;e School 49 

164a ... bis schooling distnxbed by the tumolt of arms . . 53, 69 

1643 Jan. his lather dies 78 

his schooling still disturbed by the tmnnit of arms . . 93 

his christening plate appropriated by the king ... 94 

1644 Jnne is sent to Lord Willianis' Sdiool, Tbame .... 107 

is a diligent, bnt pettish, scholar 108 

of melancholy tempenuuent 108 

1646 Sept returns to Oxford 139 

is coached by his brother, Edward 129 

refnses to follow a trade or the law .... 139,130 

1647 May is matricolated 131 

Oct is nomioated postmaster of Merton 133 

1648 Feb. makes his freshman's speech and becomes 'a senior' 139, 140 
May appears before the Parliamentary VisitOTS, and, at last, 

submits to them 144 

1649 . . . visits Cassington 151 

Dec spends Christmas at Bledlow 160 

1650 Feb. becomes pnpU of Clintra Mamid, a Poiitan fellow of Merton 16a 
Apr. is made biUe-clerk of Merton i6a 

„ 'passes smalls' 163 

Aog. visits Wallingford 164 

1651 Feb. — March, disputes for B.A. 175 

Apr. verses published mider A W.'s name 170 

. . . b^lns to play the violin, without instruction . . 173, 178 

165a Joly passes the esaminationa for B. A 175 

„ admitted B.A 175 

„ thrown from a horse and injured 175, 176 

Aug. has ague 176,178,179 

1653 Feb. — Sept, at Casaington 178-181 

„ leams bell-ringing 178 

„ practises singing and violin-playing 178 

SepL returns to Oxford 181 

,, is taught violin-playisg 181, ai3 

. . . frequents the Bodleian i8a 

. . . studies heraldry and genealogies, English history and 

antiquities 183, 373 

1654 July witnesses an execution 186 

Aug. passes the examination for M.A t86 

.. . goes about as a strolling fiddler 189 

1655 May declaims for M. A. 197 

„ has toothache and a tumour 199 

„ his brother Edward dies 197 

Nov. (7) transcribes certain inscriptions in Mert. Coll. chapel . . 199 

Dec. admitted M.A 199 



CONTEmS. 



XV 



nAM MOtTTM rAtWC 

l6$6 March editi Mme of his t>mth«r Edward's Mrraixu »oo 

... Ere<|aenl£ weekly naufiic-Rieetings ao^, 3^3 

... is impicsKd by Dogdale's iVarvrUkshirt .... 109 
Oct. bcgiu to collect inicriptioos m Oxford city .... 309 

1657 Jtn.— Jniy. is uaght to pUy the violin iii 

Ap. begins lo collect inscriptiatiB m OxIanlBhire . . . • 3ij( 

„ viwts WolvciCTit 316 

May vliiu Kuneham- Courtney, nad SUnton-narcnurt . aiS, 319 

Aug. tods John Lclaod's Collections sai 

„ viuts Do^tbcster tbbey 32} 

Sept. visits Einsham abbey 338 

l6$B Apr. Ttiits Cuxhatn, Watlington, etc 343 

,. boys tome of Dr. Gerard Lan{>tiaine'& books . . 347 

Hsy Ttsits Soath-ldgh, Cogges, etc 353, 353 

July plays tbe vtoUo with T. Baltxar 357 

Oct visits Cnmnor 360 

„ TisitsStokclyae, Cotsford.etc 363 

. . . freqnents the weekly mtisic-mcetbgs .... 373, 375 
ltij9 Feb, vi«U Bayworth and is inlrodoccd to Ibc Basfccrvilles . 368-»;o 

March visits N'orthmoor 371 

Apr. rlsits Slokc-lyne, Middletotk-Cbeyney, Warkworth, Buibury, 

etc 376, 377 

„ hiSB^ne 377 

May is acqnaiotcd wttli Arthur Crew 378, 476 

SepL—Oct. helps Bodle/s libmriaa in arraaging Seldcn's library . aSa 
... in foolish generouty snrrendcrv bis mrersiunary rights in the 

tiinily property 384 

Oct. beglos to read tbe caTtDUries of S. Fridcswj-de's, Osney, and 

Einsham a86 

Nov. bcf^os to read Mecton College registers .... 388 

I>ec spends Chrifttnuis at Coxbam 289 

16A0 Feb. fiu Dp a rooin in whlcli to cany od his oatiqnajian 

studies ^ 

... Is disturbed by John Dee's gboet-stories .... 30S 

. . . projects \ book od Oxford ' 310 

Apr. is refused occeu to the Uoiveruty archives .... 313 
May commBaicatcs bis notes on Balliol College to Dr. Iteory 

Savage who is writing a history of that College . . 314 

,, is allowed access to MS^. in C.C.C 315 

Jane b allownl acecw to MSS. in Balliol and o*hcr Colleges . 318 

July visits Meyaey- Hampton and Fniiford 333 

f, obtains, nithoDt official sanction, access to the archives of tbe 

Vnircrsity . . - 336 

Nov. snrveys Godstow abbey ii^, 344 

* note 3 00 p. 310 is in error: tbe vcys of churches in Oxford city ami 

pcnjectcd book was miKt probaLly in- cotmty, i.e. notes on the history of 

teuded to «khibit tbe rcsniLi of his Osfonl witb copies of mooumental and 

reading in MS. autboitlies aud bit sur- feoeMral inscriptkiiis. 



xvi CONTENTS. 

I Ml March employed by the University to draw op a conspectas of the 

privil^es now in coDtroveny with the town 384, 416 

Apr. begins to write hi« Survey of the Antiquities ef the City ef 

Oxford^ 399 

May writes a nanative of the dispute aboat the Wardenship of 

Merton 393 

Jane visits Sandford and Littlemore 403, 404 

Aug. visits Thame 408 

Sept. put off from perusing the cartularies at Ch. Ch.' - . 410 

16^3 Jan. doctored by Richard Lower 438 

Apr. bu3rs some of Dr. Baiten Holyda/s books . . 436, 437 

July bays some of Dr. Adam Airay's books .... 444 

July — Aug. draws ap a parish roister for S. John Baptist parish (io 

whidi be was bom) 446 

„ makes a survey of S. John Baptist parish .... 447 

Aag. peruses muniments at Oriel College 454 

Sept. joins a new weekly masic-meeting (for catches) . 454 

„ visits Abingdon Abbey 455 

Oct. put off from perusing New College muiiments . . 4j;8 

„ boys some of Henry Jackson's books 459 

1663 Feb. — March, attends on his relation, John Tavemer, High Sheriff 

of Oxfordshire 468-470 

March arranges to board with his brother Robert . . •47' 

Apr. — May. studies Chemistry onder Peter Sthael . . . 473, 475 
. . . but continues devoted to antiquities and music . 475 

Aug. — Sept peruses the registers of the Vice-chancellor's court . 487 
Sept. — Nov. pernset the roisters of Convocation . 487, 503, 503 

Dec. plays cards with Roger Brent and Is insulted . . 507 

„ bays some of Dr. William Creed's books .... 507 

. . . notes that S. Peter's in the East pariah is trespassing on S. 

John Bapt. parish .' 510, 511 



DRAWINGS. 

I. Anthony Wood's earliest signatures to fact p. 48 

II. plan of Dorcheiter Abbey Church „ 335 

HI. plan of Einiham Abbey Church „ 338 

IV. tower of Osney Abbey Church (from Agas) ... „ 341 

V. * KoMtmond's Bower ' at Woodstock (by John Aubrey) . „ 383 

VI. plan of Godstow Nunnery „ 346 

VII. ' Ttie Devil's hand ' exhibited at Qoeai's Collie .,498 

plans of Merton CoII^e Church pp, 450, 451 

> sec. for its impress, pp. 418, 467, were now ejected, and A. W. bad to 
476, 4S3 ; ^-ol. ii. p. Si, make suit to the Royalists who had 

* the Puritan canons, who had al- replaced them, 
lowci) WixhI access to these ijv 3S6\ 



INTRODUCTION. 



Tbe heads of thu mtrodacuoa arc : — 

L An ftocouot of the MSS. availahle for the tifc of Wood. 

IL A D(rte on the Wood Colledioti of MSS. and printed books (p. (*)', uid in 
paiticnUr, notes (A} of tbe AlmuAcs in it, CR) nf tbe Kcmpiipm, (CI of tbe 
OxfonI pamphlets, (D) of the KngHtb hi&tory pamphlets, (E) of the Irish 
bbtory pamphlets, (F) of pamphlets concerned with iliahletie and the mar- 
Tclloiu, ;G) of pamphlets concerned with crimes and crimlnaU, (ITi of tbe 
chap-books, ballads, and pwna, (Jj of the book-li&ta, (K) of the catalopiea 
of play*, and (L) of the misccllaneoos pamphlets. 

Til. A note about the name OVood itri Wood), p. at. 
IV. A note aboat the history of tbe Wood family, p. aj. 

V. Notes oa the families with whtcb the Woods were conneded by marriage, 
p. 32. 

I. AfSS. QvailabU/or the life of Wood. 

The • Life of Wood ' as hitherlo printed has been drawn mainly 
from two sources:— 

(d) 1632-1672, directly from Wood's autobiography. 
(*) 1673-169S, indirectly from Wood's journal-notes. 

{a) Wood's autobiography exists in two recensions, an earlier 
EBnd a later. 

I. The earlier draft is in the British Museum, MS. Harl. 5409, 

has the note 'Mr. Anslis gave this hook to mc, 1712,' i.e. John 

instis' (afterwarcU, in 1718, Garter King of Arms) gaw it to 

Jward Harley (afterwards second earl of Oxford). This volume 



* Thomas Heame,ediitogthe'Lifcof 
^VTood* io 17.^0, states tliat ' Mr. Anstis 
eivcd It from Mr. <Robcrt) Uale the 
Id (who died \^^^) many years 
c, in exchange for sereral otipual 
tten of Mr. Wood's to Sir Pelct I'cU 
kJn^Ts advocate for the kingdoou of 
which he {Anstis) bought at 
•ale of his (Pea's) tioults. The 



letten, were mostly nbont his method of 
defending bimsdf agninst the posccu- 
tion in the vicc-chanccUour's conrt and 
desiring hi* advice j and he (Anstis) is 
Tcrj- sorry that he did not take copies 
of ihtm' These Ictten are now, I lap- 
posc, XoA. without record taken of them. 
I'ot Jo)in Anstis, tee Relt^uitu lltarn- 
iatiae II lo, 



WOOD'S LIFE AND T/MES. 



coosi^sis'uf 6a leaves', and brings the narrative down to the end 

oC.Ma'Kh i6^g. It was wriilen in the Brst person, beginning 'I, 

.^(nibony Wood' ; but Wood lias gone through the book, changing 'I' 

•^'-•hc' 'my' to 'hia,' etc. — changes which take much away from 

■•^ the clearness of the story. It has an elaborate title : — 

' The dlarie of the liTe oT Aiithnny i Wood, histoiloenphci and MtiqaAhe of 
the most fnmons University of Oxford : 

' III which are Intennix'd tevcnll neinoTiaUs icUtbj; to Ms oeare allies, kindnd, 
and othcis; rk also ontainc poblklc utioos of his tim«, which may be lueftil beie- 
after to tttstorians. 

'Oincu cpcrit accieta dies, ex tempore Tcmm 
Nascitur, ct veni«ni netas abecondiU pandit. Mantuatt. 

* Lord make me to know mine cod and the okmuk of my dayes what H b, that 
I mi|;hl Imow how frail I am. Ptaim 39, 4. 

'Sit tead» mc to numliet my daies llut I may apply my heart onto wiidomc. 
Pialm 90, I ).' 

Lord Ilarley lent this MS. to Hcame, who collated it with the later 

draft (Tanner MS. 102), and printed the variants in the notes to his 
edition of Uiat later draft. Hcarnc has done his work very well, 
except for the somewhat childish pedantr)' with which he makes 
his obscn-ations, and a few slipR'. I have re-collated this MS. 
While this Ilarleian MS. was in Heame's hands, an excellent tran- 
script of it was made, which is now MS. Rawl. D. 97 \ 

2. The later draft is in the Bodleian (MS. Tanner 102 part i). 
This MS. is written in the third person, which gives it a Iieavier 
style; but ii is fuller in its narrative in the earlier years and is 
brought down to June 1672. It has therefore hecn made the text 
for the first forty years of Wood's life by all editors from Hearne 
downwards. Hearne* printed this in 1730 at p. 438 of his edition 
of Thooiae Caii Vindiciae AfUiquiiaiis Acadaniac Oxon. I have 



' fol. C3 i» a s]ip, endoned 'Ktattin 
College acqaatance, 16S1,' 

' e. g. he j;ivcs ' Jnlin Nap of Trin.' 
for 'John Trap' — ^a blunder which sub- 
sequent editors have been careful to 
copy. 

* in Mr. Macray's Catalfi^e ef ^awi. 
/>. MSS. thii U erroneou)Jy taid to tx: 
a transcript of MS. Tanner loi. Mr. 
Macray hax been misled by a false note 
made hy some former oHiciftl of the 
librnry on the binding of the MS. : — 
* this is a trtnuript from a MS. in Bp. 
Tiumcri cDltection.' 

* Jicanie'i wt>tk is very carefully 



done. Ilia childish pedantry displays 
itcelf in odd freaks, si, for example, in 
calling attrntion with a threat flourish of 
trnniptts to an obvioos slip of the pen 
in the MS. or an nncooTcnlional spel- 
ling, alto In misreadiog the Mb. in 
order that he may nipply the right 
reading e t^tijectmra sua in the notes. 
Ilt'.ame hiu made a few slips, which 
have bren carefnlly Mnlncd in sobae- 
qncnt rrditioDG ; thcu, he begins witli an 
tmposMbIc date ' 1630, 8 Car. T,' the 
MS- bciOE plainly ' 1631. 8 Car. I.' and 
this it repeated even in Ullss* edition of 
1848. 



INTRODUCTION. 



I 



collated Hcamc's text with the MS., and bavc tlius been able to supply 
ft few omiUed dates, and to correct several mis-readings, some of 
which aflect the sense, llearne says * there is no title in the orig:inal 
MS.' This is over-staled. The Tanner MS. is not prefaced by 
an elaborate title such as is fotind in the Harlcian MS., but tn pencil ' 
at the top of p. t Wood lias written ' Secretom Anlonii, second 
part'/ on p. a 'Sec Antonii,' on p. 4 'Sccretum Antonii,' on p. 5 
•SecrcL Ant.,' sufficiently indicating his desire to call the MS. by 
the name of StirftHm Antoniu We can tell also how he came to 
choose this name; he had in his own possession a cartulary* of 
Glastonbuf)- Abbey, which, he sa)-s, waa called ' Setrttum Abbatis, as 
being alnnys in his own custody.' 

{ft) Wood's jaurml-notts. These are preserved in an unbroken 
aeries in interleaved almanacs (called, durinj* last cenniry, Wood's 
'pocket almanacs') from 1657 to 1695. ^r- Richard Rawlinson* 
made excerpts from tliem, now found in MS. Rawl. D. 36, but 
his excerpts are disBgured by gross inarcuracics" and he omits 
altogether several years. After Rawlinson's time the originals were 
lost sight of. William Iluddesford, re-ediiing* in 1772 the auto- 



' Wood's pencil, I assiinw^ was not 
ftaplitle but aclaal lead, probably r 
wooden ktj-tni with a Ind tip «ut]ing 
in n biRDt [loint, xocb u I remcmbcT tn 
CSC ia coontiy plao« to Scotland tome 
twenty years ago. It luu left 1 fiiat 
nurl:, odm almost Dle^ble except (or 
tbc indcatatioQ of the paper. 

* 'part* here refers to the draft, I 
sttjipmc; ' Srcrctnin Antonii, put fint* 
would be the Hvl. MS. 

♦ O.C.85S9; oncoftbcMSS.booght 
£roia Wood in 1693 by the Bodleian 
Ltt>raiy. 

• • The Ufc of Mr Anthony i Wood* 
... pubL U Lond. 1711, jS pp., waa by 
Richard Kawliaaon. RawUnson's own 
«opy o( U ('• 8to. Rawl. 594") in Ilod- 
tej' has MS. addition* by liim— MS. 
BodL Add. A do conlnins a transcript 
of Hcarne'i notes aboat Wood extracted 
tsma. Uconie's MS. CoUectlont. 

* iboB in RiatinK the family misfor- 
tanes of Richard Soucb of rembrokc 
Coll., WoihI uys tluU bit grandmother 
wav ' burnt in her bed,' he having a few 
paga before narrated the fatal fire: 
Ra^kno nialces him tay tliat ihe was 



' touched it) her bead.* Similarly, by 
Icaring out the fint half of the note in 
1677, KawUnson mattes 'Mr. Lane' 
(and not the Cafflbridgc antiquary Sber- 
inctos, aboQi whom Lane it speaking) 
'die niddtiily in hit chamber'; and, 
to all appearances, himself oamte to 
Wood his tmgical end. Sec also the 
pUtage deMztiliiiig the so-ne belwecn 
Dr. Fell and Uooii on 17 March 167! 
in this edition, and compare it with 
RawlioMd'a text in the earttcr editions. 
Wood was not the only author whom Dr. 
Kawlinaon mangled. Of an edition by 
Richard Rawlinsoo of Ashmolc's Anti- 
quirUi 9f Berkshire in 1719, Hcame, 
with the more perfect sincerity that he 
did not know who was editor, says 
( F.tliifuiaf. Fham iattoi, II. 94) that Ash- 
mole's ' wotdt and aense are moM hor- 
ridly pcrvcttctl." 

' in ' The Lives of Leland, Hcame, 
and Wood' (177a). Iluddesford but- 
defied bis text with preleotiona notea, 
drawn from what in charity wc mart 
aouine lu have been au unknown book, 
Wooil's Athenat Oxm. Dr. Bliss 
Btmck out many o( these in his editions 



B a 



4 WOOrtS LIFE AND TIMES, 

biography of Wood as printed by Hearne, Biipplcmented it by 
printing from MS. Rawl. D. 26 (from 1673 onwards) RawUnson's 
' Historical passages from .\nt. Wood's papers.' 

Olher MS. auiharitia for Wood's lift. In Huddesford's edition, 
and to a slightly larger extent, in BlJit-s' two editions', additional notes 
had been drawn from other papers by Wood, e. g. from his account 
of contemporary 'entertainments and ceremonies,' of 'persons buried 
m Oxford' in his time, and from notes written by liim in liis printed 
books. The present edition seeks to incorporate, in strict chrono- 
logical sequence, the is-ho1e of the additional matter which can be 
derived from these sources, so far as it Ix^-ars on Wood's own life 
or bis times. The MSS. which have been drained for this purpose 
are as follows :— - 



Prtitnt frets-mart. 


No., i/aty, i» tfu 


Title hy-mhuk Wood 




1697 Cat. MSS. 


tUts tfu MS. 


Wood's Almioacf with 




'my Almanacks.' 


Diary 1657-1695 






MS, Tanner loj part a 




' Indt'x pro aDDis.' 


Wood MS. F 4 


0. C. 8466 


■ ObUal book.* 


Wood MS. F 31 


part of 0. C. 8463 


* loose pajwn in my FjigUi 
coi>y/ 


%[S. Sodl. 294 


0. C. 8i6i 


'Note» from CooTocstioi 
Krister.' 


Wood MS. 019(3) 


0. C 8566 


' Eolertniaineiitk.* 


Wood MS. £ 3a 




' book of jests.* 


Wow] MS. E 1 


0. C. 8505 


' Oxfordshire mooDin«flts.* 


Wood MS. B 15 


0. C. 8} 86 




MS. Biilbid 68 


0. C 8558 





The other Wood MSS. in the Bodleian and notes by Wood in 
his printed books have been seardied and have supplied additional 
matter ^ 



of the Life of Wood : stUl further re- 
trCDcbmcnM baru been made in the pre- 
sent edition. 

' In 1813 in Vol. I of his edition of 
Wood's AiheHiu ; in 1648 as Vol. I of 
hii projected edition of the Athcnae for 
the Ecclestnatlcal I listory Sodcry, a de- 
alcn which onhappily went no further. 

* in the PhiUipps library tX Thirlcs- 
taine Hotise.ChHlrti}inm, is an intcrrst- 
ing Wooil MS. which I would gladly 
have prtnlei) in full in the present vo- 
lume, had (bis txrn pcrmissihle. MS. 
Pbililppt 7018 (oltLno. 30), is a small 



(ju&rto Tolume entitled ' Antony 4 
Wood's Rcnealogy '; the first 37 Leaves 
arc vcUum, the rest paper. The con- 
tents arc: 1, uR[>a^l, ' a (;vncaIogical 
IkIjIc' (o tbr book ; 3, pp. 1-19, a fais* 
toiy of his family 1568-1584 : 3, ppL 
S4 sqq., notes and slips on the same 
subject. Incidentally Wood here al- 
Indcs to another volume of family his- 
tory by him, of which 1 have seen no 
ottkCF notice : — Til. thnt Alice Reare (c 
Itoltiin), WofMl's fnllicr's aniil, who died' 
' a vcric old woman ' on 19 Apr, 1634, 
told Wood's father ' many stories of the 



INTRODUCTfON. 



It i» plain th»t, out of the material repre.<tcntcd b; the above MSS., 
Wood designed several dlsttncl works : — 
as, e.gn 1) ^ autobiograph)' or memoirs; 

2, ao ' Itinerary/ on the model of his favourite Leland ; 

3, an 'Antiquities of Oxfordshire,' lo male the admired 
Dugdalc's Warwickshire ; 

4, a continuation from i66o of his 'Annals of the Uni- 
versity'; 

5, a ' book of jests,' in emulation of Captain Hicks' 
Oxford Jests; 

6, an account of persons buried in the city of Oxford; 

7, a volume describing the pageants of his time : 

bot as these are left, oU of them in a rough, and most of them 
in a fragmentary, condition, it is necessary lo brin^ them all into one 
vrork, according lo the only unity existing among them, tlic- unity 
of chronological sequence '. 

In doing so I have adhered closely to tw*o mles, to give Wood's 
statements faithfully, and to give them in full. Breach of the first 
of these rules sins against ilie truth of history by concealing the 
sordtdness of the stxaUed 'happy* Restoration. As regards the 
second rule, many of the notes arc indeed very trivial, but their mere 
triviality is oflcn of help towards understanding the manners and liabits 
of the time. It is chiefly by Wood's jottings of his petty expenditure 
that we can appreciate the part then played, in academic hfc, by the 
cook-shop, the tavern, and the coffee-house, or such things as the rain 
of pamphlets which accompanied the movements of the day, the 
Restoration, the Popish Plot, ihc Revolution. It will readily be 

Jerstood that in such hasty and unfinished notes, punctuation is 
tically absent, and contractions of words abound. I have, as 
a mailer of course, neglected these throughout, and presented Wood's 
text simply and exactly, as one would now put one's own MS. into 
print. I have, however, carefully followed Wood's own spelling, 
wherever he writes his words in full. 



hmily.'wd tbu bcr dai^tcrKliabelb 
Bene, wbo died Rged So in i66g, lodd 
Wood blmielf tome • whitk I thaii n- 
mtmhr in atutfur ie^JL' The initial 
C wllil Wonit't ajrnt ic pasted tnmlc 
the com. Tliu PhiUippK MS. bdonged 
In aad has the book- [>lal« of ■ Sii Ccotfc 
NajUr, Ctna,' who dicil 1^31. 1 hm 
lu thank T. FiUioy K«irwick. E.«j.. 
lor his kindocMi to allowiog mc access 



to thb ffolankc. 

' I hai« ab<tuned rrom iDoorponUtnc 
the Viood coTTHpotuicace, nserving that 
far trealmmt hereafter. The ' book of 
ieOa'baftbccnpfiotEd: ' MaJuu Salium, 
aooUectian ofsodb [deoestif humoof as 
pTFTKiled at Oxford in the tunc of Mr. 
Aothoay h. Wood, collected hj himsdf 
aad pobliriied from bis original MS.,' 
OxT. 1751, liaoi 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TL\FE^ 

IL The Wood Cdltction of MSS. and printed hocks. 

A CoUection fonned two centuries ago, and still preserved practi- 
cally* intact, deserves a note about its character and contents; and 
Wood in his journal-notes makes so frequent reference to his papers 
and books that their present arran^mcnt must be explained. 

A Catalogue of the ^'ood MSS^ full in some respects though 
in others unsatisfaclory, has been printed in sewral recensions'. Of 
the printed books there is no account in existence, except a Cata- 
logue' (in MS.) made before 1769, when the Collection was in tlie 
Ashmolcan, supplemented, for the books in Wood B-Wood E, by 
a hand-list made in the Bodleian in 1890. 

On Wood's death in 1695, his MSS. and snch of his printed books 
and pamphlets as were not already in that institution were deposited 
in the library of the Ashmoleau Museum. Ac iliis time the Keeper 
of the iViimioIean was Edward Lhwyd, a man llioroughly capable, 
who drew up the Calalo);ue of Wood's IVISS. for the Caiaicgus MSS. 
Angl. ei HiUrn. of 1697, numbering them from 1 to 137. Subse- 
quent Keepers were less competent, and the Collection suffered many 
things. Some entire MSS. were stolen, and papers and portions out 
of others. Several MSS. were negligently re-bound, (a) [>arts of one 
MS. being mixed up wiili others; (i) MSS. incongruous both in size 
and in contents being bound together to the injury of each other; 



* Dot abiolntely. partly rrom losses, 
partly ficm volumes txiipg uliirtcd from 
the Wood CoUcctiof) iato oibcr collcc- 
tioits. Tlie loaae» will be nuticed aftcT- 
wutU ; bnt il mny hcrv t>e uoliocd ihat 
Wood 757 haLB been rnnovcd lu " 8vo 
Prayer Hooks," aod \\'ood 706. Wood 
716. Wood 809 harebecome respectively 
•Mather 8vo ij.' ' MalhcV 8vo i),' 
'Mutber 8vo 14J,' chani.'cs (made, I 
l»elicvc by I5r. Coxc) which vxm to 
mc ill-adriicd. Wood 706 ii CoUoa 
htalbcr's ' I^e memorable providence* 
relating to irilchcrnfl,' the ucnod im- 
pi««uon, Loud. i6(|i ; and has ihete 
note* by Wood :— («^ ' 1 7 Jan. I Cyf , re 
cri>i a CmoenUo Maihero ' ; (l>) 'Coiton 
Mather, ihc author of this book, was fioa 
of Crcsccntiui (or looraie) Mather.' 
Wood 716 ia *de ncoeua EraDgelU 
sptid lodos in NoTi<Anglii ejnstoU ' a 
Creiceotia Matbero, Lood. 16S8 ; aitJ 



baa the note by Wood : — ' Jan. 1 7, 169&; ' 
(i.e. I) rcc(i.'pi) ab authore.* Woodil 
809 it ' Diatriba de tX^o FiUi Homloia 
et dc sccnndo Mcs&iae advcotn . . .* 
authorc Cre&ceatio Matbero,, AmsteL 
1681: and has this note by Wood: — 
' 17 Jan. 1690 (i.e. t) recept ub au- 
tbore.' 

* in 1697 in Kdward Ikmard'a ' Cat. 
Codd.MSS.Angt.etHibcra.'; reprinted 
by WilUam llnddcsfoid ' Cat. lib. MSS. 
Aotonii i Wood,' Oaf. 1761 ; reprinted 
tn 1834 at hii Middlehilt press by Sir 
Thomai PtiiUippa. John Gulch prefixed 
a rcGcnaoD of it to hU edition of Wood*s 
Htiloty of the Univewily (1793!. 

' DOW in the Bodleian ; ' IJhroniin 
Impttnonuii ct MScriptontm AntonU 
k Wood Catalf^u ' — the printed books 
occupy pp. t-70; at the cod is a CaU- 
lugueoftheDugdalcMSS. Ibavedted 
it as 'Wood Catalogue' {l^~-'). 



TNTRODVCrrON. 



{c) the disUnctive fbntures or (he binding being lost, so destroying the 
possibility of tracing Wood's references lo his 'russet book, 'black 
book,' etc. Forty-eight printed books were stolen, besides nLmcroua 
single tracts out of odicr&. The lundcr was allowed to wreck the 
pani|>hlet volumes, shearing away here a hne or two of text and there 
a tnarginal or foot-note added by Wood. In Nov. 18.17 ^ survey 
of the Collection by W. Kirdand and W. H. Black shewed the extent 
of the injury it had sustained. In i860 ilie Collection was transferred 
to the Bodleian. The arnuigement and numeration of the volumes 
10 ihe Aslunolean, where iJicy were grouped in a room called ' Mr. 
Wood's study,' were, of course, retained in the Bodleian, where with 
the Ashmolc Collection they occupy the 'Ashroole' room. That 
arrangement must, therefore, next be described. 

The Wood MSS. and books were arranged in four divisions : — 
(i) those without mark ; (ii) those indicated by letters ; {iti) those 
indicated by letters and numbers ; (iv) those indicated by numbers. 

Dtvision (i) was a mass of unbound MS. notes, letters, and 
loose charters, contained in boxes, whicli were handed over from the 
A^hmolean to the Bodleian in i860. The charters and rolls have 
now been arranged as port and parcel of the Bodleian collection 
of charters, and calendared in W. H. Turner's and H. O. Coxe's 
Calendar of BadUian Charters. The rest of the loose papers have 
been bound up into volumes, Wood F 3^Wood F 50, which will be 
nodced afterwards. I have great suspicions that, while the * Wood 
boxes' were in the Ashmolean, several collectors, or the persons who 
supplied them, helped themselves from the unguarded store % and 
bence perhaps many of llie Wood papers in the Rawlins (of PopliiUs, 
CO. Warwick), Ballard, and Rawlinson Collections. 

Dmsion (li) comprised six volumes, lettered A-F. These volumes 
contain Alm.inacs which will be noticed later on. 

Division (iii) comprised five series, containing all the bound Wood 
MSS. and (excluding some intruded volumes) 9a of the Wood printed 
volume?). 

Wood B. Wood B i-B 15 are MSS. B 16-B 41 are 27 volumes 
of printed books, B aS liaving to be counted twice (B 28 a, B 28 b). 

Wood O. Wood C i-C 12 arc MSS. C 13-C 49 are 37 volumes 
of printed books. C 50 was lost anterior to the making of llie 'Wood 
Catalogue' in 17 — . Csi (a printed book), C 5a (a few pages of 
MS.), and C 53 (Laud's resignation of his Chancellorship in 1641, 
with autograph signature) have been added to the original set of 
Wood books in this scries. The MS, now marked C i (formerly 



WOOJfS UFE ASD TIUES. 



£ 30) hn BikcB ^ plKc of dae origind C I > vlbdi w»s * Dictioiiili 
doiiiai Angfe-BriMicMB. aiftoR Enso Lewm,* a book or I 
wlikfal fame DOC bec« sue U tnce. 

Wood I>. Wood D i-Dio and D3X, D33 are H5S.— vv 19 
BiMber, D7 honng been viatfy R-faonnd m five ports [Df^i 
B 7 (>), etc] and D 19 in foor pans, each pan banqg beeo 
a (fittiDct U& Dii-D^i are it volnmes of priaicd booJu^ D 
repnaeodng tvo TtduBxs. 

Wood B. Wood £ i-E IS and £ 19 arc MSS. £ 13-E 38 
16 voJumes of ptinted books. Wood £30 «u m MS^ wfaich 
been moved 10, and is nov, C 1. These Rpment the ordinal W< 
set as placed in the Ashmoleao. Ejf, £31, and £33 are 
snail MSS. of Wood's vritii^, vidcb had poosed into prime 
saon (being pan of the 'pri^^te papers* left 10 James Bine" 
Thomas Tanner to dbipose oQ and were afterwards pr oc u red far 
Ashtnolean. Unfbmiiately £ 31 (Wood's * book of Kbdb oa divene 
persons in Oxford,' MS.) was early stolen, the Wood Cualogue having 
the note '£31 dc-esl, Nov. 20, 1837— W. K.*' E34 b a prin 
book prescDLcd by Richard Rawlinson to the Ashmolcan. 

Wood F contained 37 vohimcs, all MSS., F 1-F37. F31 
'misang'at a very early date, and has never been traced. Al 
later dau several of the Tolames were bound together, so that the 
lemainmg 36 MSS. are now found in 24 volumes. F 15 lias F 10 
added to it F 11 has F 18 added lo it Fai has Fix. F17, F 19, 
F 30, F 33, and F 34 added to it F 33 has F 36 and F37 added 
10 it F33 has F 30 and F34 added to it. — ^To these coosderablc 
additions liave latcerly been made; F29 is now marked F39A, and 
a tran&cript of it (w/ made for Sir John Peshall) in two votunKs 
is marked F 39 B, F 29 C. For the missing F 3 1 a volume (marked 
F31) has been substituted; made up of loose papers which had 
accumulated in the Ashmolcan by sifting out of ihe Wood MSS., the 
ddbris from Fi and F29A being the chief element F38 is an 
(imperfect) MS. of Wood's History of the Uuivcrsil;' and Colleges, 
bought by the Bodleian b 1846. F39-F45 arc seven volumes of 
letters to and from Wood. F46-F50 are five volumes of miscel- 
laneous papers— scraps for the Athcnae and personal — made up out 



nng 



' £33 has the signature 'G.I*. Dute' 
as or a rormer owner. E .^ has a broken 
piece of a printed book-plnte which 
■ays; — 'D* jacolnii. Biu« de C<>dtcci( 

Wadh. . . . poslea c ictlamcnti 

curatocibus . - ■ plia (quae ^itti vivcus 



donavoat A ...)-•• d> cnraviL* Alao 
tlicvigQaturc'CP. Biae. I735.* See R- 
B. Gartlincr'i Ktg. Coil. It'm/i. p. 35*. 
* William KinLand, a capable and 
painftakiog tmdci-ketpei of the Aih> 
tnoleao. 



INTRODUCTION^, 



of Division (i). Fgi is a small volume conlaining some Wood 
letters and papers found in 1891 in the RawUnson D Collection. 

Division (iv) comprised the mass of llie printed books, numbered 
Wood r-Wood 899. 

This numbering, however, was not consecutive. Nos. no. 700, 
723, 748, 887 each represented two \-oliiines (iioA, iioB, etc.); 
and 660 &ve \'oIumes : and for a lost 276 two volumes of Wood 
single-sheeis (276 A, 276 B) were substituted. This would give 
an apparent total of 910 volumes as placed in the Ashmolean from 
the Wood bequest; but some deductions have to be made, e.g. Wood 
5S6-Wood 558 are Gazettes published afler Wood's death. 

There were also a number of intruded volumt-s, some of which 
have since been removed into the Ashmolean numeration. Wood ' 
iiA-iiC ('The New Baronetage of England,' Lond. 1769) have 
the inscription 'dono dedit J. Pcshall Nov. 29mo, 1768.' Wood 
«76C-»76E are now Ashmole 1818-1820. Wood* 428 B-438E 
arc books ' printed after Wood's death. Wood 62;^ B has the inscrip- 
tion 'dono dedit Browne Willis, Acd. Xti sodo-toiumensalis.' Wooil 
660 R has the inscription 'Ds. Jacobus Bisst; M.D. dc Codicot-Bcrry 
Hertf., longe abhinc e socits Coll. Wadh., honoris ergo mu.saeo 
Anton ii h Wood clarisslmj antjquarii dono dedit 1737.' Wood 660, 
in addition to the Wood volumes (Wood 660 A-660 K) proper, repre- 
sents 37 intruded volumes (some of lliem Ashmole MSS.), viz. 660 R 
just mentioned, Wood 660 Q (now "Bibl. Engl. 1715 b. 3"), ten 
vcdumes Wood 660 A-660 P, tlirec volumes marked Wood 660 S, 
two volumes marked Wood 660 T, one marked Wood 660 XT. 
Wood 660 U, 660 V, 660 UV, 660 W. 660 GG, are now Ashmole 
1813-1817 (correspondence and papers of Edward Lhw)'d and 
minutes of the Philosophical Society at Oxford). Wood 660 AA is 
DOW Ashmole 1821; Wood 6rtoBB-66oDD and 660FF are now 
Ashmole 1806-1808. Wood 660EE (an intruded MS.) has long 
been 'missing.' 

Of these Wood books forty-seven, over five per cent, were 'missing' 
before the Wood Collection left the insecurity of the .\shmolean : — vix. 
DOS. I, 50. 5'. 56, 57.58. 61, 63, 64, 66, 74, 77, 86, 94, iioB, 120, 
Iij, 13a, 161, 192, 201, 276, 282, 298. 324, 395, 398, 400, 440, 
449, 490, 69a, 729. 734, 748A, 748 B, 749. 755, 758. 790. 791. Boa, 
827, 842, 881, 887 A, 887 B. 



* addition*! to Wood 11 proper. 
' ■dditJonal to Wood 418 A. 

* Uo&numi Lcxkm, Lu^ Uot. 



1698 ; Hickcft' Theuutrw Ling. Vei., 
0x00. 1705. 



lO 



WOOTfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



Excluding 45 Ixxiks added at later dates and 12 MSS.* not of 
Wood's writing or coHecting, wc haw, as the present total of the 
genuine Wood Collection, 115 volumes of MSS.' (or. if we include 
also ibc 39 almanacs interleaved with Wood's (Uarj, 154 MSS.), and 
959 printed volumes'. These prinlcd volumes represent an enor- 
IQOUidjr greater number of printed pieces, 5 or 6 and in some cases 1 o 
or 30 pieces being bound together; while in the pamphlets we have 
sometimes 50 or 60, or even 150 or 160, separate pieces bound 
togetticr. 

In getting his single-sheets and pamphlets bomid up, Wood arranged 
them in divisions according lo subject, and (generally speaking) tried 
to arrange each division in chronological order*. Some of these 
divisions deserve particular notice. 



{K). The Almanacs. 

Wood was a considerable buyer of Almanacs. Those now found 
in the Wood Collection in the Bodleian occur in three sets: — 

(a) Almanacs from 1657-1695, interleaved, with Wood's diaries 
written in them. The history of these is very obscure. They were 
known to Dr. Richard Rawlinson, who made excerpts" from them, 
now found in MS. Rawl. D 36. Thereafter they disappeared en- 
tirely and seem to be quite unknown to the successive editors of 
Wood's life (William Huddesford in 1773, and Dr. Philip Bliss in 
1848). A good many years ago ihcy were found in the Bodleian 
in a drawer in the Gough Koom by the Rev. W. Dunn Macray, and 
then carefully bouul. They hod no doubt been in the library foFi 
many years, and are probably ihc papers mentioned in a small 410 
MS. Catalogue of M SS. in the Bodleian (bound in green vellum, written * 
1747): but how, or when, they camu into the Bodleian is not known. 



J 



* 8 of them Ashnwle MSS. made op 
out of those in Wood 660. 

' this tskcs 00 Rccooat of lost vo- 
Ittmes, iome of which ilisap]>ear«l prior 
to the 1 7 — ' Wood CaUlogot.' Nor, of 
coune, b any accouni taken of MSS. of 
Wood's vritbkg or colletting in other 
collections in ibc BmllciAn or clucwbczc. 
Nor, again, ilo I incltitJe the ' rolU ' and 
*ehartcn' of Wood's collecting which 
an Dour in the Bodkioo. 

* 1006, less 47 lost voluDcft. No 
ftocoonl, of coarse, is taken of any 



prtnted books fonnctlr possessed t^ 
Wood which may )« in othct cuUections 
in the Bodleian 01 eUcwbcre 1 as uite 
(and a most valonble one) is in Jcsu 
Coll. Libr., as w:ll Ijc noted aflcni-anls. 

' in many coses Wood bos matkcd 
on the tltlc-pagc the date of appearance 
of the pamphlet. 

' Kawlinson's excerpts b«}^witb the 
1657 Almanac, hut HaddeiToril lo edi- 
ting Wood'* life luintcd the excerpts 
from 1673 only. 

* by Humphrey Oweo. 



INTRODUCTION, 



II 



{*) Six volumes of Almanacs known as Wood A, B, C, D, E, F. 
These were among ihe books bequeathed lo the Ashroolcao by Wood 
in 1695 and transferred with the other books of the Ashmolean 
Library to the Bodleian in 1H60. 

{/) Simy volumes of Almanacs in the ordinary enumeration of 
the Wood printed books; e.g. Wood t-6, Wood 10, Wood 13-15, 
Wood 498, Wood 843. 

The Al m a n acs are by a great variety of wrilera : the more rccogniaabl* of tbem 
may b« amnged thus alphabeticaUj', puttinf fiiU a sbott title by wtuch tbey may 

bcdtcd. 

* 
AmJrtwj : ' d£ icboa ooelestfbiiR or an eplutnena * ... by WiUiam Andrews, 

London. 
AtkinsM : ' Puiteipe, M est, onmc delcctaie, or a pleasant almanack foi * . . . 

by Churlrt Atkioscm, London. 
SMktr : appealed in diflcreot yean under difTcrent titles, e.g. in 164.11 ' Almanack 

c! Prognosticon," in 1646 ' Mcreoriiis Coclicus sivc Almanack ct I'togro»- 

tlcoo,' in 1A61 * TcIesGupiam Uranicnm or an Almanack ' . . . — all by John 

Booker, I.ood. 
Ceihem : ' Speculum perspicnum Vranicum or an Almanack ' ... by Lancelot 

CocUoo. 
C^j : 'Nofiidut Coelestia or Urania's M^eneni^r ' ... by Henry Coley, London. 
Crmi^ani ; ' Vox Urantae ot Astiologiciil ObtenraUuns ... for the year * . . . 

by Henry Crawford, Lond. 
Dtme : ' Dove : Speculum Ann! ... or an almanack for the year ' . . . Cam- 
bridge. 
Epii<Qfai : * An episcopal almanadc for the year* , . . Lond. 
Cadbitry -. 'Z4ltM£nz or a (Uaiy astronomical and ajtrological for the year ' . . . 

by John Gadburj", Lood. 
G*S€» ; cither ' An almanack and progntwticatJon for the year ' ... or * A com- 

pleat pocket Almanack foi the year ' ... by Thomaa Gollen, Land. 
M^nltliaH : ' Montchon or 3 propbellcal Almanack ' . . . 
Natuorth ; ' A new abnanack and prognostication for the year ' ... by George 

Nawortb [an anagnun for Whaiton.] 
Parktr: • Meicurtos Angllcanos, ot an l^gUsh Mercory ' ... by George I^uker, 

Lood. 
PaHri^ijf^ : ' Merlinas Ubenttos, being an abnanack * ... by John Partridge, Lond. 
Mrt. Vartrid^ : ' Tbc Womjm's Almanack for the year ' ... by Dorothy 

Partridge. 
P<md'. 'A new almanack for the year* ... by Benjamin Pond, Oxford ; or 

' Pond : an aliaanack for ■ . .' Cambrii)f;e. 
/Vtfr HobtH : ' Poor KoUo ... An almanack after the old and new ^hion ' . . . 

I.ood, 
Jlidtr ; ' Rider'* Bhtiab Merlin ' ... by Cardanos Rider, Lond. 
SauitUrt : ' ApoUo Aoglicanus, The Englixb Apollo' ... by Rkhaid Sannderv, 

Lond. 
Sen'filuft: 'A sciii>ture aloaanack oi>cning and reconciUog difficult Scriptures' 

. ..byH.J.' 

' Wood notes * H(eniy> Jesicy pnbliilied a Scripture Almanack <for) i6$7.* 



tVOOIfS UFE AND TWES. 

Smith : * A new almanack uid pro^ostication ' ... by John Smith, Lone). 

SufOHi * Ad cfJiemeris or ftlnuaftck iox* . . .hy John Swan, Cambr. ; also 'Swan: 
■ new almanac for ' . . . Cambr. 

TOHHir: ' Angeltu nrilARniciix, &I1 Eplicmcris for' . . . by John Tanner, Load. 

THg^ : ' Calcndarinni astrologioim or an almanac for "... by Thomas TrigKC 

Wharton : appealed in succu^ivc years wn\cr a grecl variety of natne^ : thns * No 
Merlinc or Mercuric but a new Almanack after the old fiuhion' . . .; ' Hc- 
meroscopclon, a metcorologicall diary arud prognosticatian ' . . . (fullowed by 
' Ptoaiui[)hoiirsiK, or an aslraU jircdiction ') ; * Ephcmeris, or a Uiaiy ' . . .fj 
'Hemerulo^um' ; 'CaJcndariom Ecclcsiasticnm'; 'Calcndariuro CaroUnum'Fl 
etc, — all by George \\7iarlan, London. Sec ' Naworlh,* sapra. 

Wing: 'OAO/tna Ai/ftara ; or an almanack ' by Vincent Wing, Lood. ; after* 

vranU by John Wing, Canfbr. 

i'te anti A'ajr : ' A yea and nay almanack for the people called by the men of tha 
world Quakers,' Lond. ; tnteiidn) to EAliriw the Quakers. 

Arranged chrocolo;;icAl1y, with references to the volumes in which they ore 
found (those marked * being in the diary Kt^, the Wood collecdon of Alnuuuci 
mns as follows : — 

1639, Kalcadrier on Joumal pour . . . i6ir^, par Jean Franco, Anvai 1629; 
Wowl J.— A Dutch almanac ' ; Wood 498 (14). 

1630, Pond'; Wood Aim. A. 

1631, Kalixcdricr 00 Journal pour . . . 1631, par Jean Franco, Anren 1631 ; i 
Wood 3. 

1633, David Origantu', a Dutch almanac, printed at Amsterdam; Wood 
Aim. A. 

1634, a Dutch almanac ; Wood ' 1. 
1641, Poiif! ; \Voi>ti Aim. A. 

1641, Nawotth ; W&od Aim. A.— Gallen, Wood Aim. B. 
164^1 Hooker ; Wruxl Aim. A, 

1644, Nawoith ; Wood Aim. A. 

1645, Naworth; Wood Aim. A. 

1646, Booker; Wood Aim. A. 

1647, Wharton; Wood Aim. B. 

1648, Wharton ; Wood Aim. B. — Scriptorc ; Wood Aim. A. 

1649, Wharton ; Wood Aim. 11. 

1650, Wbanoa ; Wood Aim. Ji. 

1651, Wharton ; Wood Aim. B (also !n Wood lo>. 
165a. Whaitoii ; Wood la — Smith; Wood Aim. A. 

1653, Wharton; Wood 10. 

1654, Wbartun; Wood 10.— MerUousAnonymni by Raphael DesDOs; Wood 15. 

1655, Wharton; Wood 10, — MetUnus Anooymiis ; Wood i£. 



' ' Comptoir Almaoach,' Amster- 
dam, 16J9. 

■ this book containi nota of IrnvelK, 
etc by a furmcr owner, an Kngligb- 
man. 

' this book coiitalni the diary of a 
former owner, resident at the Hague, 
etc The hand ia the same aa that 
iriiidt wrote the note* in Pond (or 163a 



I shnnld not be unrpriicd if on exami- 
nation these turned ont to be tlic Jour- 
nals of Griffin Hlge«i f«'llow of Mwiwi; 
rciident abroad from iCj; to iSjR ox 
chaplain to Hiwibrth (danghter of 
James I) ; afterwards dean of LichlieMj 
died 16 Dec 1659. 

* this book u iraw 'miitiog' from 
the Library. 



rXTRODUCTIOr^. 



>3 



1656, Wharton; Wood 10. 

1657, •Saoodcr*. — Wharton; Wood 10. 

1658, *WIuff.~Wharton ; Wood 10. 
J659, •SaondcT*. — Wharton ; Wuod 10. 

|sfi6o, 'Gsdbnry. — Wharton; WcKid 10.— Montelioo'; Wood 15. 

1661 , 'Booker. — Wharton; Wood Aim. C' — Montelitm; Wood 15. — Gidbnry; 
Wood Aim. D. — Tanner; Wood Mm. £. — Calendarinm Catholicum or an Uai- 
Tcnal Almanack for 1661 ; Wood 4. 

161S1. "Pond.— Uliarton ; Wood Aim. C— MontcUoD; Wood 15.— Triggr; 
Wood Aim. E. — Cozcuq's Ephemcris ; Wood 15, 

1W3, •SouadcR.— Wharton; Wood Aim. C. — Andrews; Wood Aim- E — 

Poor Robin; Wood la. — Endjrmion, bis northcni wcAtlm-gluss ; Wood 15, A 

new almanac after the old Easbinn for 1663, L«nd. 16135 : Wood 6. 

1664, •rood.— Wharton ; Wood Aim. C— Poor Rohin ; Wood la. 

ifi^s. •Winp.— Wharton; Wood Aim. C— Poor Kobm; Wood 13. 

1666, •Oore.— Wharton ; Wood Aim. C— Poor Robin ; Wood 13. 

1667, •Swan.— Wing ; Wood Aim. E. — Poor Robin ; Wood 13. 

16C8. "DoTc.— Ciulhiiry WcmxI Aim. D.— Poor Robin • Wood la.— The Pro- 
testBBt Almanac, by Philoprotcst ; Wood Aim. K. 

1669, •Pond.— Gadbury ; Wood Aim. D. — Poor Robin ; Wood u. 

1670, "Fond. — GadbtuT'; Wood Aim. U. — Poor Kobto; Wood 13. — Samulen, 
Wood Aim. F. 

1671, •Atkinson. — Satmden, Wood Aim. F. — Poor Robin ; Wood 13. 
i6jj, •Tanner, — Sanndcrs, Wood Aim. F. — Poor Robin; Wood t3. 
1673 '. "Gadbary. — Saandcn. Wood Alra. F. — Poor Robin ; Wood i^ 

1674, •Episcopal.— Poor Rot^ ; Wood 13. 

1675, 'Episcopal. — Poor Kobtn; Wood 13. — Mercniiui Vcrax; Wood 15. 

1676, •Crawford.— Poor Robin ; Wood I J. 

1677, 'Pond. — Poor Robin; Wood 13. — Tbc New FrolciUnt Almaiuc, by 
Philoprotnt ; Wood Aim. E. 

1678, •Gadbury.— Poor Rohtn : Wood 13.— Yea and Nay ; Wood Aim. E. 

1679, •Coley.— Poor Robin; Wood 13.— Yta and Nay ; Wood Aim. E. 

1680, •Pond.— Poor Robin; Wood 13— Coclson; Wood Aim. E.— The New 
IVolesUnt Aim., by Philoi>Tote« ; Wood Aim. E. 

1681, •Pond.— Poor Robin ; Wood 14. 

1682, •Dove.— Poor Robin ; Wood 14. — Rider; Wood 5. 
i6i*3, "Swan.— Poor Robin ; Wood 14.— Gallen; Wood Aim. R 

1684, •Dove.— Poor Robin ; Wood I4. 

1685, •Sauadei*. — Poor Robin ; Wood 14. 

1686, •Wing.— Poor Robin ; Wood 14.— KalendariumCaUioUcum*; 'WGod843. 
1687, ■Gadbnry.— Poor Robin ; Wood 14. 



' Wood 15(3) U MontelioD for 1660 
in xrbicb Wood notes : — ' John PhilippA, 
nephew by tlie mother to John Miltun, 
wax anlhonr of thb AloHtelion and not 
of tbc nix that loUow ; see In his Mtr- 
furiiu yerojc, etc' 

' Wood 748 A was 'Mcrlini Anglici 
EphemcTui' (or KJ73 ; but the volume 
k ' q Ht ffb > g.' 

■ Wood 843 (i) 11 ' Kalendarium 



Catholicum for the year 1686/ 1686, 
price 6(/; wilti this note by Wood: — 
' Such an almanac as Ibis was pablishetl 
i6fii, '61, '63 ; and if I am not mit- 
lalten Thomiu Blount of the Inner 
Temple bad a hand in it. After it had 
laid donnant so ycarcs it was againe 
published when all people eipccled 
popery to be introduced.' 



WOOrfS LIFE AND TIMES. 

1688, ^Gadborj. — Poor Robm ; Wood 1 4. — Ephcraerii ad aanitm 1668, Land. 
|6«8: Wood' 498 ^t5\. 

1689, •Wing.— Poor Robin ; Wood 1 4. —Pood J Wood Aim. E. 

1690, *SanDdcn. — Poor Robin ; Wood 14. 

1691, •Gadlioiy.— P*>or Robin ; Wood Aim. F.— Parker ; Wood Aim. F. 
169a, •Gadbory.— Poor Robia; Wood Aim. F.— Partridge ; Wood Aim, F.— 

Gadbtt^; Wood' Aim. IX 

1693, 'Gadbory.— Poor Robia; Wood Aim P.— P«itridgc : Wood Aim. F.— 
Gadbary ; Wood » Aim. D. 

1694, •I'aitridge.— Poor Kobin ; Wood Aim. F.— Mrs. Partridge. Wood Aim. F. 
— Cadboiy, Wooil Aim. I>. 

1695, *TaiiiieT.— Poor Kobin; Wood Aim. F.— Gadbniy; Wood AlzB. D. 

(B). Nttospapa-s in the Wood CoIUcHon. 
(i) Periodicals called Mercuries. 

1641, Mercariu nritanolciifi or Ttie Enf*)isb IntcIligcDccr; Wood 615 (30). 

1641^1642, pp. 1-750, Mercnrioa Aoliou*; Wood 613. 

164I-1644.PP. 751-13J8. MetcnriiM Aalicoa; Wood 634. 

Dec. 1656, Mercuriua Poliricos ' ; at the btKinning of Wood 389. 

l65f~l6s;, Mcrcuriu* Politicui ; WooiJ jjj. 

i65{-t65S, Mercantu PoUticus; Wood 513. 

165I-1659, M«rcDnns Politicus; Wood 514. 

Jan. i6|i-t3 Apr. i66oti Mercuriiu PoUticas; Wood 524. 

[+ Wood notes in Wood 514: — *Man;hioraont Necdham gi»e« offl^ writingt 
or tallMi prohibited, aboat this time ; and AffrehHiu PuMuut goes forward who 
began in the beginning of the jw 1G60.'] 

39 Dec 1659-3 J*^ i*^.? Mercnrios Poblicoi ; Wood 393. 

I66f-lti6l, Mcrcuriu* Polilicos; Wood 394. 

166J-1663, Mcrcurini I'nbiicusi Wood 530. 

16 Jan. 166I-31 Aug. i66s+, McToirius Poblicus ; Wood gar. 

[t Wood oo(c« in Wood 531 :— 'Mr. Henry Mtiddiman dcslutng from writing 
Mtrcurius PHblifuSt Mr. Roger I.'Btnmg by order sacorde* in wiiting the InteU 
IlgeiKer and the Ncwes ' — the Utle had been already to ttie. 

15 Dec. 1656-38 Dec. 161,7, PBblick Iiite!lit,-CTiL-cr ; Wood 389. 

38 Dec. 1657-31 I>ec. 1658, Pobliclc Intelligencer; Wood 390.] 

(u) The InUUigencer and tht News. 

Wood in his disrics freely dtes ' the News.' * News.' ' Tbc iDtelligencet' wu 
pnbtUied 00 Mixntay ; ' tbe News pabltshcd for the satisfaction and informatioa 
of the people,' on Thnnday. 



* this book hai the note : — ' Johaonh 
Aabrey ex dono Edmtmdi Hallcy, m* 
toria.' 

■ thisbook has the note:— 'Jo(hanri) 
Aabrey, R(c(,'iac) S(octctatis> li(ocio). 
dedit author.' 

' this book has the antogiaph : — 
' £d(waid) Shirburoc.* 



* in Wood'a Catalogne of hit own 
books, now in Wood MS. E. a, he 
speaks of having three volnmcs of 
Aftrmriuj AuUcm, and says they coa> 
tain *a grent deal of wit and buffooory.* 

* in Wood MS. D. l8 arc notes, ap- 
parently excerpted from Mtrrurius 
fW$tiaUf for the years 16^1-16^6. 



INTRODVCTION. 



»5 



31 A0£. i6fii-.8 Drc. 1665 j 1^ ^^^^"^ \ Wood 5.1. 

4 Jail 166J-39 Dec. 1664 „ ; AVood 391. 

a Jul. iG6|-]9ju. 166) „ ;Woo<l393. 

(iii) Thi GaztUt, freely cited by Wood In his diaries. 
Not. 1-13 were cntillcil ' the Oxford Gaietic ' : no*. 14 onwtrd* • The Loadoo 

i-)j. y Nov. i6Sj-i Feb. 166J ; Wood 541. 
a4-J46, I Feb. i6(>|-i4 Mar. l(S6J ; Wood J41. 
'47-45-1. 26 Mar. iA6B->4 Mar. i6fi ; Wood 543. 
455-663, 38 Miu. 1670-34 Mar. 167) ; Wood 543. 
663-871, 35 Mw. 167J-33 Mar. 167! ; Wood 544'. 
S73-I0S0, 36 Mar. 1674-37 Mar. 1676; Wood £45. 
1081-1 38S, 37 Mar. 1676-35 Mar. i6;8 ; Wood 546. 
IJ89-1497, 15 Mar. 1678-35 Mar. 1680; Wood 547*. 
1498-1705, 35 Mar. 1680-33 M"- »68|; Wood g+S*. 
I706-I9r4, 33 Mar. 16SI-34 Mar. 168J ; Wood 549*. 
1915-1133, 34 Mar. i68{-35 Mar. 1686: Wood 55a 
3134-3333, 35 Mar. 1686-36 Mar. 1688; Wood 551, 
'3.^3-'M'. '<> Mar, 1688-34 M**"- '^ i Wood 551. 
'.S45-375I. 34 Mw. i6|t-3i Mar. 169} ; Wood 553, 
37JJ-3960, 14 Mar. 169^36 Mar. 1694: Wood 554. 
3961-3^73, 36 Mar. 1694-3] Mar. 169}; Wood 555. 

Bat Wood died oa sS Nov. 1695 and therefore the tait Gazette he aui hare 
had t« No. 3134, that 'from 31 Nov.-s; Nov. 1695.' The set uf Gaiettea is 
cootinaod in Wood 556, Wood 557, aod Wood 558 to the year 1 704. 



We^t CcattUs 1— 


Vol.1. 


Noi. 
No*. 


Vol. IL 


Nos. 


Vol. HI. 


Nos. 


Vol IV. 


Nos. 


VoLV. 


NOL 


VoLVL 


Nos. 


VoL vn. 


Sa&. 


Vol. VIII. 


No* 


Vol. IX. 


Noi. 


Vol. X. 


Nos. 


Vol. XI. 


Nos. 


Vol. xn. 


No*. 


Vol. xm. 


Nofi. 


VoL XIV. 


N05. 


Vol. XV. 


Nos. 



(iv) LiiiTQty ptriodicals. 

(a) The teriei frrt^nentlr dted b; Wood as Term Cataioguts : the title of whkfa 
tras ai fint Mtnurius Lihrarius, but n'as sood chanj^cd. An Index made by 
Wood (for pnrpoKt of the Athenat) to the Mercoiii Libiarii and Tcnn 
Calalo^es it fonod in Wood MS. F 36. 

Noa. 1-7, Mich. Term t668-EastcrTerTn 1670, ' Mercorius; libtarias'; Wood65S. 

Nos. 1-57, Kaaler Tcnn 1670-Triiiity Term 1695, 'Catalogue of books printed 
aod published at Loodon ' ; W*i>od 63ft. 

(.^) 'The Unircnal HLttorical UibtiotMqtx,' 5 parts (Ju-i Feb., March i68f), 
Load. 16S7: Wood £36. 

(«■> * The work* o( the Icained or a historical account ... of books newly 
printed' by J. de la CnMe, XmvA. 1691, 1693, nine parts (Aag.-Oec 1691, Jan.- 
Mar. 169^, Apr. 1691) ; Wood E 24. 

(lO 'Mercurius Erwtitoram or oews from the learned world,' one part only 
(no. 3, that for Wcdo., At^. tr, 1691), prolKtbly seat to Wood because coDtaiaing 
a U&datory octke of the Atkntat ; in Wood H 34. 



■ Wood ootes that he paid for 'bind- 
ing, 31 6«/,' and that it was ' rc-botmd, 
3 Ai«, 1694, \» fid' 



' Wood notes that he paid for bind- 
ing this volume ' m &/> Dec. 94 anno 

1688.' 



i6 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES, 



(C). Oxford pamphltts : cited by Wood as 'Oxonienria.* 

Vol I, Wood 513, t6 fMunphlets, 1571-1669. chiefly Litln spccchet. 

Vol. n. Wood 513, 8 patnphlcti, 1651-169J, chiefly (opographiaJ. 

Vol. ni, Wofxl £14, 54 pAinphlett', 1641-1649, L&tid's raienUioo, tlw itffi 
of UkJbrd, the ParliuDcntary Vlxiton. 

Vol, IV, Wood fit£, 34 piunpUeU*, 1640-1687, Mtircs, the Qoakers in 
Oxford, etc. 

VoL V, Wood 516, 13 pamphlrtu, i585-i6[|[. 

Vol VI, Wood 517, 6 pamphlets, 1 68S- 1 69 1, M«gd. CoU. ami James 11. 

To these niast be added Wood 433 (containing 67 pamjAlcts, 1619-1689), 
Wood 6ji fcootaining 20 jKunphlets, chlcfJy concerned with the tiotibtes at 
Exeter College in 1690-1691). Also Wood 376 A and Wood 376 E, containing 
narocroas Oxford iingle-sheets, especUll; UtUTcnity noticei', cited frequently by 
Wood OS ' Oxford pipenL' Wood 614 (6a pamphleu), Wood 615 (26 iwmphlcts), 
Wood 616 (35 pompbleu) oooUia tome Oxford pieces. 



I 



(D). PamphUls about English contemporary history^ arranged in several 
distinct sets : — 

(a) Pamphlets ahout $hip-monty, 1641, Wood 537 (4 pamphlets). 
(*) PampJiUti ahemt the CiviUVar^ 1641-1659. Nine wilumcs of 'pamphlets 
cootoiaiog matten making for and against the rcbcUion that broke fnitb iqdo 164}.* 

Vol I, Wood 373, 67 paraphlets, 1641. 
Vol. n, Wood 374, 36 pamphlrti, 1643. 
Vol. Ill, Wood 375, 47 pamphlet*, 1641-1641*. 
Vol. rV, Wood 376, 73 punphlrts, i643-ifi4J. 
Viil. V, Wooil 377, 43 pamphlets, 1644-164!. 
Vol. VI, Wood 378, 66 pamphleU, 1645. 
Vol. VII, Wool 501, 43 pamphlets, 16+6, 1647. 
Vol. VIII, Wood 501, 7^ pamphlets, 1648. 
Vol. IX, Woiid 503, 37 pamphlrts. 1649-1659. 
Several siogle-sbcctB be1oii)^nf> to this set are found in Wood 376 A. Wood 614 
(63 pamphlets), WyotJ 615 i'a6 pamphlets). Wood 616 (35 pamphlcU), Wood 617 
(31 pamphlet!^), and Wood 619 (13 pamphlets) siso cootain several pieces 
belon^g to thiH ael. 

(f) FampkUtx ahout party-UtuUrt of the Civil War period (and Uler). 

(i) King Charles I; Wood 244 (4 pamphlets). Wood 363 (? pamphleU abottt 

the Et«ArB«rtAuBicontrowerByini69f-i693), Wood 364 (37 pamphlets, 1649-1660). 

(U) Royalist sufferers, Siaffonl, Laud, etc.; Wood 366 (33 pamphlets, 164:- 

1646); Wood 367 (33 pamphlets, i650-i6£5; with added pamphlets about 

cxecnCinns 1690-1691). 

(iil) The Regiddes; Wood 369 (10 pamphlett, 1660-1663'}. 

(iv) Pailiamcntary leaden ; Wood 531 (15 punphlets, 1643-1661). 




' boond together Feb. 8, l6||, at a 
cost of 6</; to Wood's note. 

* boond together Feb. S, i61|i at a 
cost of 3</; » Wood'* note; 



* oce section of these Wood 
qoently cites as ' EocaenU papers.' 

* ihc year wiUi Wood being 
March-34 March. 



INTRODUCTION, 



17 



(fl\ Pamfhltti about tht amotion /or artd agaimt A/trnanA/t [649-1660. 
Wood 608 {7i pamphlets}; Wood 609 (4S psmplilets) ; Wood tito ';64 
pamphlm) ; Wood 6jj (7a pamphlets); Wood 613 (63 pamphlets) ; Wood 53J 
(13 pamphlets'). Several singic-^ccU of this class are found in Wood 2^6 A. 
(/) PampMltts abcut the J?iito>^i<m. 
Wood 537 (ao pamphlets) ; Wood 398 (aa pamphlets) ; Wood B 37 (13 
pamphlets). 

(/) Pampkhtt about Charles IPs Parliaments. 
Wood 657 (6a pamphlets, bnt osly a lew of tbcm 00 this subject) ; Wood 560 
(Ihc CoUeclinn of State tracts of Charles II's reiipi). 

^f) I'Am^Iels* about tkt' Popish PM,' 1678-1683. 

Vol. I, Wood 434, 31 [Munphlrts, 1678-1679. 
Vol. II, Wood 435, 30 pamphlets, 1679-16S0, 
Vol HI, Wnoil 426, 3S pamphlets, i68o-l63l. 
Vol. rV, Wood 417. 50 pamphlets, l63l-iS8s. 
Wood 376 A contains several single sheets bcton|pii); to this period. 
(*) PampkUU about tMt * Prtsbyttriaa Plot; 1683-16B5. 
Food 4<8 A (33 pamphlets). 

(i) Pampkltls about Jama, Dukt of York, ^td James II, 1673-1688. 
Wood 660 C ; Wood 6^9 (8 tmtises about Jnmes IPs dispensing power). 

{K) PampkUts about Monmouth amd his invasion (1680-16^5). 
Wood 660 C Cthe volume contains 37 pamphlets, bat scrcral of them belong 
to the preceding set). 

(/) Pamfklelt about the Prime of Orange ami the Revolution, 1688-1689. 
Wood 519 (aa pamphlets); Wood 530 15 pamphlets'); Wood D a^ (tweire 
* Collectioas of Papers relating to the present junctuie of affairs in England,' with 
od»r limilu- Collcctiou), 

(E). PamphUts aheut Ireland^ chiefly about contemporary events. 

Vol. J, Wood 504, 4 pamphlets. 

Vol. 11. Wood 505. 5 pamphlets. 

Vol. ni, Wood iio6, 3 pamphlets, 1640-1641. 

Vol. IV, Wood 507, 48 pamphlets, 1640-1641. 

Vol. V, Wood 508, 5a pamphleu, 1&43-1644. 

Vol. VI, Wood IJ09, 35 pamphlets, 1645-164). 

Vol. VII, Wood 510, 37 pamphlets, 1649-1693. 

(F). Pamphlets e<mtemed wilh diablerie and the marvelhut. 

Wood 643, ' God's indgments ' ; 1 3 pamphlets. 

Wood 646, prophecies ; 1 7 pamphlets. 

Woofl ;o4-Wood 708, Wood B r6-Wood B a.l, witches, ghoats, etc 

Wood B 35. apparition), momtejs, etc. ; 35 pamphlets. 

Wood D aS, floods, carthqnakcs, comets, great fires, etc. 



(G), Pamphlets eonmcttd with crimes and crimifMls. 

Rogues and thieves: Wood 384 (10 pamphlets), Wood 371 (11 pamphlets). 
Wood 37a (14 pamphlets, 1651-1694% 

Murders : Wood 363 (Jj jwmphlets, 1649-1693). 

' see \\'ood E 37, ttt/ra p. 19. 
C 



Tniton: Wood 5S6 (i} pampUetB, 1582-1679^, Wood 5S7. 
TrUli and execatiooi : W»od 36S (3S punphlcii, '645-1649), Wood 411 
punpUets, 1685-1689), Wood 41a (16 pampblets). 



»o- 

1 



(H). Chcp-bcckj, ballads, ondpeemT. 

(i) Ciafi-iMJtt. Wood C 31 , Wood C 31, Wood 154. Wood 359, Wood 184, 
Wood 331 (Tom a Ltacoln> Gujr cule of Warwick^ Sir Bevis of IIuie 
Wood 350. 

(ii) Sa//atb. 

Wood £ 35 ii ■ coltectioo of 153 bftlUds, arranged io great mnuDre in chrooo- 
logical onler of publicAtion, and dealing largely with political aflairs, e^. dm. 11 
cqq. are about the Prince of Orange and 16&S. 

Wood 400 was a collcctiun of ballads, but was slolcn before 1B37. 

Wood 401 is a laig« colleclioo of balUids, arranged for the most part in chrono- 
logical order ; Wood 403 ^ ti a umilar collectioo. In 401 the Kobu Hood >?ia11ailt 
ate well represented. 

Wood 416 and Wood 417. conloining respectively 133 and 183 pteod, are a 
collcctioaof ballads and other pieces in Terx', largely political and arranged for 
the mo<tt part in cbiunological order and in groups, e^. Rump ballada, ballads 
about General Monde, ballads against tbc Quiken. 

Wood 376 A and Wood 376 B contain a number of ballads, chiefly political. 
(iii) /"etmi. 

Garfandt; Wood 94, stolen before 1837, contained a nouber of 'garlands,' 
e.g. the 'Robin Hood Garland' i6B9,tbe ' Garland of Goodwill,' Load. 1685, etc 

Sfiigi; Wood 336 contains Rump satires and Restoration ttrolteries, 'Col- 
IectionsorKcwSongs'ofHlAtcsi673,i675, 1677. Wood laft b 'AchoicccoUectioa 
of catches, rounds, etc.,' Ix^nd. 1653. Wciotl 110 A is a cullcction of Chriltmts 
carols. Wood 399, stolen before 1837, was a volamc of toQf^s prbtcd at Edin- 
burgh. 

fMitu ; Wood 383 contains 8 collections of verses, in pjarticolar the fust, second, 
third, and ' fooitb and last ' Collections ' of potrms, 5at}rrs, songs, against poperj/ 
Dec. t68S-March i68|. Wood 460, endorsed Funehria, is a collrctioo of 
memorial verses, e.g. to Sir Thomas Bodley, etc. Wood 439 is a collectioo of 
54 Eltgiti and other foneml vetws, from before 1653 to 1694. Wood 483 and 
Wood 484 contain reapcctJrely 34 and 1 1 pieces and collections of reraea. Wood 
319 is a collection of fnneral poems, congratulatory verses, etc 

(J). jBook-It'sfs, printed catalogues of books written by individutl 
authors, of books for sale by booksellers, of books in given 
subjects, of books for sale by auction *. 



' this voltinie. Wood notes, was mode 
up and Ixwnd at ' ChiisCnuts 16^)9.' 

■ Wood refers to tbcse two volumes in 
a note in Wood 383 : — ' Mcmorandcm 
that 1 have two volumes in folio en- 
dorsed P6tmi, sntgjy tUgits, itvtral 
things in prou, tU, : the first volume 
contains 133 several things und the 
second 1S3, amoog which many are 



balhds ; but those being all printed in 
folio sheets and papers cannot be bomid 
with these (i.e. Wood 38J) following; 
nor a thick octavo book {Wood 336]^ 
endorsed Stngs, DreOtrits containing 
7 scverall 6vo books bound Ci^rther.' 
' sec also the Literary Perio(ii<altt 
sttfra, p. 15. 



INTRODUCTION. 



19 



Wood E 13-E 30 conlfttn cbieRy anction ciUloenei*, qtuirto hw, which Wood 
bu arranged cbrooologically and DQinbered conMcuttveljr (as Catalogue i, Cata- 
logue ), etc.;, and which Wood probably cilet in hi* papen by their numbers, 
H« has also rc-pnged them in many cases for easier reGerence. Wood E at and 
E 3J continDc the series. 

Wood E 13; CaUloKQes*i-6; 1676-167B. 

Wood E 14; CaUlogucs 7-13 ; j678-i6go. 

Wood £15; Catalognn 13-18; 1680-1681. 

Wood E 16 ; Cotatogaes l(^-]6 ; 1681-1683. 

Wood E 17 : CatAloguei 17-38 ; i683-t6B(. 

Wood E 18; CatalogDcs 39-49 ; 1685-1686. 

Wood E 19 ; Calalognca 50-56; 1686-1637. 

Wood £ 10; CatalogDcs £7-68 : 1687-1681. 

Wood £ 31 ; catalogocs cot nnmbercd as in the scries ; i6S{-~i668. 

Wood E aa ; ,. , , „ ; 1688-1693. 

WfwdEs}; chiefly dcplicates ; 1674-1687. 



WoodC a6; catalogues of books 1609-767^!. 

Wood D aj ; eighteen catalogues of books 1618-1693. 

Wood E 37 ' ; ' Caulof^ne * of all stJtch'd books and lingle-sbeets since the firtt 
discovery of the Popiah Plot, ScpL t678-Jan. 16^,' price ^d". — ' Cuntinnstion' of 
this cjttalogtM ' from 1 Jan. 16U to 35 Jnne 1680/ price 6t/. — 'CoDtinnation * &0ID 
34 June to Micbaelmai Term 1680,* price 4^. 

Wood 91 ; caiaIo(^c4 of books 1654-1693. 

Wood 654 C ; Andrew Mantiicirs Catalogiie of Books. Lend. 1595. 

Wood 658 haa at the end a number of book prospectuses, 1667-1694. 

Wood 660 B : Robert ClinU's cataloguef, catalogues of books printed at the 
Tbcatrr, etc. 

Wood 896 ; nine catalogues of books. 1597-1694. 

Wood S97, 898; WiUiaro Crowe's catalogues t.EDgl., Lat.) of Divinity books. 

Wood S99 ! scren catalogues, 1634-1693. 

(K). Cataloguts of plays; Wood E a 8, 

(i) Woof) E 18 (i^ is (anonymoos) 'An exact and perfect catalogue of all 
pUyea that ue printed,' which Wood dates as of 1656. 



* many of these are marked as ^ifts 
&oia Andrew Allam, others from Ilcnry 
Cnttcndeo, IcsKc of the prJnlinj; -press 
iD the Theatre. The booksellers E<lward 

liUiiigitoa and William Cooper arc the 
by whom most of these cata- 
logues are drawn up; Richard Chi»we1I, 
John Dunmore, Robert Scot contribute 
a few. Many have slight notes by Wood 
in preparation for the Ath^^ae. 

* not. 1 and 3 Wood found he had 
Idted wmetimci by one nombcr ■ome- 

times by another, and so he clnbs them 
*C-atalogoe t aiiai j ' and 'Cntnin{;ue 
1 aiiai I.' 

* no*. *-4 in this volume. Wood 
17 (1) is Tborau GoK*» (1674) CaU- 



loRUc of Heraldry Books. Wood E 37 
(5) is ' A catalogue of all diKourses 
pubtlahe<I against Popery . . . during 
the rdgn of James II,' Lond. 1689, in 
which Wood [lutes that it cost him *6(/, 
14 Mardi 1688,' i.e. (.and that 'Mr. 
William Wake of Ch. Ch., the author, 
uiidcr R. Bnlflwin's [the printer's of the 
book] name' 

* at Ihc end Wood makes sevrral ad- 
dtdotu) of papers printed 167), 1679, 
16S0. 

' the publisher stales 'the continua- 
tion is inttmdcd to be published c«cry 
|«TB,* on which Wood remarks 'but 
yooT intention was not sotTercd to take 
effect.' 
C 2 



«0 

00 Wood F, >S ;3'> U (naonymoai) ' An exut and perfect caUloinie of kH ^ 
plaits tint were c«r printMl,* on which Wood notes ' this catalogue of pUye« wu 
lakcn froiM the end of a cometjy called T)u Old Law priatcd at London 1656.' 

(iii) Wood E 18 (3) i» ' A true perfect and exact catalogue of all the Coroedief 
etc . . . printed . . . til) this present year 167^ ... for sale at the shop of Frmncij 
Kjrkman, London,' on which Wood notes 'this catalogue was taken from the end 
of A Tnigi-Domedy called Kicsfnu^ liniuikied ont of the Frcadi of tsonsicttr 
Coroeillc by John Daxiccr, printed al London 1671.' 

(Iv) 'An exact catato^e ' of all comedies, etc, . . . printed till this prtKnt Tear 
1680, . . . printed ... for Nicholas Cox.' Oxford 1680. price 3f/., 00 which Wood 
notes : — ' Note that at the eiid of Kiiomtdt . . . i< • Catologoe . . . from which 
catalogac did Nicliolas Cox manciple of St. Ednond's Hall in Oxon. lake th« 
following catalogue, adding tbentnio all such that came out to this present yeare 
1680. The said catalogue at the end of Niconicdc was by Francis Kirkman, 
■Utioncr, Uving in Thames Street, London, 

Mr. J p '' "*" I tevcrtl of our Oxfurd scholan have read your catalogiMi of 

playcs . . . and like them well, but would have lik'd them better bad you set down 
the yeare when they were printed that they might hare Woownc when Ihe anthoti 
lived and when the playcs came first in Qse, for withoat time they cannot be exact 
judges of matters ; but they hope that for the fnlure you will rot omit those matten 
and [other * plays] that arc not yet [set downc bet arc yet] extant, as : — 

I", the tragedy of Kciod and Antipalcr, by Cjctvok Markbam and Wtlliani 
Sampson, Lond. 1663, 410. 

a", the Ihfaake of Fluwrcs, a play acted by the gentlemen of Grey'f Innc, Load. 
1614, 4to. 

3", Faria, comoeflia per Thonuun Vincent, Lond. 1648. 

4°. The Projector lately dead, printed 16^ made agunit William Noy lately 
attorney -general. 

j*, Thomas Kondolphe's playes, 4to. 

<(•, John Skelton's playes and intcilndes.' 

(y) Wood E 38 (5) ' A new Catalogue of English playes . . .' by Gerard Lang- 
baine, genL^Lond. 16S8, price ti., 011 which WoihI notes: — ' Publtslieil in the 
beginning of Dec 16S7. Th« hrst edition of this book bote this title " Msmtu 
triumpham, or the plagiaries of the English stage expressed in a catalogue of 
comedies, etc., by Ueraid Langbaine e^q." Lond. 168S, 4I0. pobllsbed Not. 1687. 
Which title with Ihe hook jI sclfc being i;onlrary to the mind of the author, as in 
the Adrcmsement [in the md issue] it appearcs, and 500 of them sold, be fonhwidi 
caused the title following as also the AdvcrttscmtnC to be printed and set before the 
renrtauiLng pajt of the copies.* 

(L). Misailamotu pamphleU. 

(i) Pampkltts aLoul rtligioui questions. 

— for and against government by bishops; Wood D 31 (1636-1660). 

— for and against i'resbyLcriamsm ; Wood D a6 {16 iwmphlets, 1645-1681). 

— for and against Qnakcrs ; Wood G+5 [>6 pamphlets. 1653-1675). 

— for and against 'sectaries'; Wood G47 [33 pamphlets). 



' Wood C >6 r jo) is a duplicate and 
has practically the same note. 
* the wonU io square brackets are 



Inserted from the copy ta Wood C a^ 
to tnend the scote. 




INTRODUCTION. 



%x 



— for and agalnit RomtniiU; Wood 8j4 (la pimphlelft). Wood B 40 (17 
paxDpblfrU], Wood D 14 (to pimphleU). 

— foraDtl iLgainM Toleration; Wood 6ti (19 pamphlets). 

— lenrices toA lonaalae of the Charch of Engliad, Wood D 95, Wood B 36, 
"WooJ B 37. 

(U) Pamphlets abeni pciitual qHtttiem. 

— aboot the power of Harlianient ; Wood 457, Wood f;iS> Wood 519, Wood 
6ao (1641-1660). Wood 6ai £1678), Wood 657 U660, i685). 

— aboat the fonns of Govcmincnt, Wood 625, Wood 6>6 (oinctcea psmphtets}, 
(til) famphltit about Ugai qtuttiotu. 

Wood 630 (1643-1673), Wood 633 (78 pamphlets). 

(it} PampkUij about military matters. 
Wood 635 (Englisb itriU and tactics), Wood 559 (won abroad), 

(t) PamphUts abotU ticnomic ^tuttimu. 

— about oatioosl prosperity, etc ; WooiJ D >7. 

— tbonl Qsnry ftod inrcstments \ Wood 6iB. 

— about tilhei ; Wood 370. 

— about taxation ; Wood 536 (lo pampblete). 
(t1) PamfhUts about sofial mafttrs. 

— tobacco, ale, wine, tea, coffee, chocolate, cofTee-bouscs, etc ; Wood 679 
(1651-1671), Wood U 30 1:1603-1675). 

— about womcii and marriage, u&unlly against them ; Wood 654 A, Wood 750. 
(vii) PampAle/i about literary ma/ttrt. 

— about the art of prtotiag. Wood 64]. 
^ about writers of almanacks. Wood 6i>. 

— abool the value of Ualveruty studies, \S'ood B 14, 



in. Of the name Wood or A Wood. 

Il is plain from several pieces of evidence thai the family name was 
'Wood' and noi '\ Wood': thus, (a) in different MSS. by our author, 
where he is writing naturally and not pacing on the high horse, he 
refers to his fatlier, mother, brothers, nephews, as 'Wood' or ' Woodc' 
amply' ; (^) in other writings by other people they arc called Wood 
simply, e.g., in the matriculation and degree books of the University; 
(f) in their autograph signatures, found in various volumes of printed 
books in the Wood collection, the name is always Wood or Woode, 
never ^ Wood. 

Th4 father ^'X\\ov\3a Wood senior, ngna himiiclf 'Tho. Wood' in Wood 239 
(' A faandredlh sondrie l-lowTei ' etc. Lond. [1576]). 

'fh* mother^ Mary Wood, bas written her name several times: — e.g. 'Mary 
Wood' In Wood B 34, in Wood 34, in Wood' 46 ('A short introduction to 
grammar generally to be used' Oxford 1636), in Wood 330 (8) (Beaumont and 



' Ibe evidence of MS. Phillipps 7018 
is important Tbeic in the earlier «Ups 
m paper at tbc end our aathor ^^k% 
' Wood ' or ' Woo<te ' ; but in the formal 
and later writing od vellum be tci;ins 



liy writing 'i Wood' or 'at Wootl,' 
but afterwards ti»cs most frequently 
'i Woodc.' 

* the date it Riveo la this instance :— 
'ilaiy Wood 1647.' 



WOOirS UFE AND TTMES. 

Fletcbcr^i *A king and no king,* Lood. 1631}, in Wood 411 ; * M117 Wod'ia 
Wood C 40 (■ David's desi/« to guc to church,' Oxronl l6i£^j ; ' Mnry W.* — ber 
ftbbreruited stgcatorc — in Wood 46, in Wood 595, in Wood 614 (48) ('A de- 
clamtioo or renionatnnce of the Lofds and CommoRi, 19 M17 1643,* Lond. 1643), 
aod In Wood 614 (57) (' His nwjcstic's decltntion to *11 his loving «abjects,' 
164a). 

Tkt trathtrt (Thoous (jnnior), £dwird, Robot) «bo nign thrnuelves Wood. 
'Thomas WckkI* and ' Edward Wood' are fotind in Wood 411. ' Robert Wood* 
(befon; 1645] ii fomid b Wood 54 ; ' Robert Wood 1647 ' in Wood 46 ; ' Robert 
Woud ' in Wood 70. 

It is plain also that our author's contemporaries generally wrote 
his name as Wood, as will appear from the addresses of several 
Ic ters given in the course of these volumes. 

Further, there arc numerous signatures ' showing that at first our 

author wrote his name Wood or Woode. 

The stgnatore ' A. Wood,' Anlhmy ' Wood,' ■ Ant. Wood,' * Anionins Wood ' 
b found in 1653 (Wood 18 no, 1) ; in 1656 (Wood MS. B 15) ; in 1658 (Wood 
16, Wood 34, Wooil 139, Wood 6o>, Wood 616 no. la) ; to 1659 (Wood loi) %■ 
in :66i (Wood 141, Wood 4063 ; in 1667 (Wood 126). The «tgnatiire 'A. 
Wotitle,' 'Ant. Woodc,* ' Anthonjr Woode ' is found in ifiji (Wood 515 no. I») ; 
\n 1655 (Wood 348) ; in 1656 (Wood C 44, Wood 379) ; in 1657 (Wood 49S); 
ill 1658 (Wood 16, Wood M.S. D 7 no. 3. Wood MS, D »i, WwKi 134, Wood 
149) ; in i6j j (Wood 46a) ; ia 1659 (Wood U 3a no. 4, Wood MS. C 3. Wood 
376 no. 17, Wood 3S1, Wood 38:;) ; in 16&0 (Wood D 31;, Wood laa, WootI 513, 
Wood 534) ; in 1661 (Wood MS. U 18, Wood 136, Wood 393, Wood 394I ; in 
1664 (Wood 391}; in 166^ (Wood 391, Wood 5]6)[ in l(»6f (Wood 330); in 1668 
(Wood 534 BO. 3). 

The form J Wood was therefore only a fanciful form adopted hy 
our author as more distinctive and distinguished. I>atierly it is his 
common signature ' Anihony \ Wood,' ' Anlonius i Wood.' 

On its adoption he defaced a i^od many of his former slgnAlnm: — (i) hf 
drawtog 1 pen through tlirm and blolting them ont, c-g. in Wood B 15 (Owen 
Fcltbam's 'KeiciKcs/Lond. 1634) thcinficripiiun * Anthonius Wood, 1656' isthu 
scored out; sttnilorly, in Wood 34 ' Anlbony Wood bis bookc Amen 16^6' t» 
scored out and hit booli-plajc dcstroj-ed because it bad no 'a'; simtlarly' Ant. 
Woode,' t6|J, in Wood B 3a (t), is scored ont : (a) by pasting ■ slip of paper 
crcT — e.g. if the Utle-page of Wowd D 34 no. 10 ('The Jesuits' downcfall 
Ibreateacd against them by the secular priests/ Oxford ifiia) be held to the light 
It will show, under the jiastwt-on sUp. llie in5criptton ' Ant, WojjiJc Mcrt, Coll. 
0»on. i6j8 ' : (3) by inscrtiag the A, e.g. Wood 10 has the rote 'Ant. & Woodc 
Jan. 31 h.o. 1659' {i.e. i6|S) and Woud C 18 (Tbomas James' ' Eclogn Oxonio- 
Conisib.,' Lond. 1600^ has 'A. W. {16)60 " and (apparently of the same date) 'Ant. 
k Wood Coll. Mnt.'; bat in both cases the dirfcrencc of the ink shows that the 

' be»ides those with dates, there arc ' * Anthony ' is the form which he 

undated (but obviouslyeArly;signaturc9, naturally ui«i for his Chrixttan name; 

e.g. ' Anthony Wood 'in Wood 3 and Utterly he wiitrs also 'Antony' from 

Wood 46 ; ' Anthony Woode 'in Wood infloencc of the Latin ' Antonins.* 
C 1; and Wood C a6 (14), 



INTRODUCTION. %% 

* i ' ii a UlcT ins«rtioa (Wood C 38 hu aba the n^alore ' Anlonii 4 Wood 167 1 ' ; 
is this cue gcnnuie). Wood 438 exhibits as in 165S the fonn ' Aql It Woode/ 
hot I doabt its gcnobencss. * AnL & Uuod' i» foond in i66j id Wood 341. 

Wood at first wrote his initials as *A.W./ e.g. in 1660 in Wood 
326 (1); but Utterly he almost Invariably used the raonogram 'iW,* 
'AVood.* 

Wood also, from about 1670, made frequent use of a Latinized 
form of his name in accordance with the absurd fashion of the day. 

In Wood 396 Atid Wood 654 A (15) be writes 'A. Boaco.' In Wood 331, in 
Wood 403, in MS. Jcs. Coll. ji (an illaininnlcd Latin scrricc-book fonncrly 
tKloDciOK to hlm% &&, he writes ' AaL a Uosco.' Id Wood M.S. IJ I3 (O.C. 
8583} we hare 'Antonins a Bosco vuigo a Wood, histono^ntphns Oionicosis.' 
He taes also the moaojrrams ' iC," 'VDosco.' E.g., Wood MS. D 3 (O.C- 8514;, a 
Tolumc of collcctioos outdc by him, is marked /&, jast as a similar volomc. Wood 
MS.C j(O.C.8si6), Umaiked/W. Wood S 7, 'Ovid his iarcctiTeaRainstlhis trans- 
lated into English meeter bjr T.V.,' Lond. 1569. has the si^atoic ' >Bosco ' [and 
the antograph of RiJiiinl Dicr,* a former owner]. Wood 457 (3) John Scldcu'a 

* The privilcdgcs of the Borooagc of I'lngland,' Loud. l£4i ; and Wood %% Edward 
Philhp*' ' Tbcatnim Poctamm,' Lond. 1680, arc also marked ' ^Uosco.' Wood 
B 36 (4) ' Fides Aboriginuin Britsnniao' has ihv note : — ' AnL k Uosco ex dooo 
Joa. Crowthcr S.T.P. ct prindpalis aoLac B. Matiae Vug. 5 Aug. 1683.' 

IV. Wm^s family hiitory. 

I have brought together from the entries in Wood's autobiography 
and diaries, Wood's notes as to the history of his family, witli addi- 
tional names and dates supplied by the register of S. John Baptist 
parish Oxford (MS. Rawl. B 402 a), by Wood MS. C iz, Wood MS. 
E33. etc, I have been allowed to verify the stalcmcnts here made 
by cotnparison with Wood's own history of his family in MS. 
Phillippg 7018. Reference may also be made to the pedigree of Wood 
printed by Dr, Bliss (' Life of Wood/ cdiu 1848, p. 357)^ 

(i). Tht origin of the family in Lancashire, 

The Wood family believed that they came from . . . Wood of 
Croston ' parish near Preston in Lancashire. This man, the family 
tradition ran, afler his wife's death, took upon him priesdy orders 
at the beginning of Queen Mary's reign, and made a vow, which 
lie kept to bis death, txever to eat flesh. In Elizabeth's reign he 
refused to take the oath of supremacy, and was thereupon imprisoned 
in Lancaster castle. He died there towards the end of 1 568 (1 1 Ellz.), 



' a paper la MS. I'hiUipps 701$ has 
cxcerpia, lent by some one to Wood, 
of burials, marriages, christenings of 
pcnoos named Wocid Id the p*rikh 



register of Croiton ; bnt they seem to 
throw no Itghl an the descent o( the 
family. 



a4 



WOOr^S LIFE AND TIAfES. 



after an imprisonment of seven years, and was buried in the Castle 
precincts. Wood could not discover his Christian name for certain, 
but thought that it was RicJiard V 

(ii) Stillement of the family in Oxfordshire and London. 

. . . Wood of Croston, co. Lanes., (.\nthony Wood's great-grand- 
father) was survived by three daughters and a son. The three 
daughters were 'menial servants' in the household of the earl of 
Derby (Wood thought, ai Latham House'), and came with the rest of 
the household loEinsham (co. Oxon.), where the carl had a seat on the 
site of Einsbam Abbey. There they married tenants of the earl, 

Emme Wood, married, istly, on 9 May 1568 George Makyne 
of Einsham, who was buried 10 March 158?; married, andly, on 
9 Nov. 1588 William' Yate or Yates, tailor of Kinshara, of kin to 
the Yates of Wiiney, by this second husband she had no children. 
She 'lived and died a papist,' and was buried at pjnsham j Apr. 1603. 

Alice Wood, married, istly, John Beare of Einsham, who was 
buried 5 Sept. 1595; married, zndly, John Bolton* of lliat Einston 
^i.e. Enstone) near Chipping-Korlon which is called ' Neat Einston.' 
She died 'a verie old woman,' 29 Apr. 1634. She told Wood's father 
many stories of the family, stories which (to Wood's regret) died with 
him ; see In July 1634. Her daughter by the first marriage, Elizabetli 
Beare, told stories of the family to Wood himself; was twice married; 
died in tlie latter end of May 1668 at Gasingwell in Enstone parish, 
aged 80; and was buried in Enstone churchyard. 

Mary Wood, married on ti July 1587 John Bamcote, who was 
buried 25 Feb. (.') 159?. She ' lived and died a strong papist.' Her 
eldest son Thomas Barncote is mentioned several times in the diaries 
as receiving small presents from Wood, his mother, and brothers. 
Wood describes him as having been ' tall and proper, a free-mason 
by trade,' He died 13 June 1665, aged 77. 

' Wood DOt«!t tliat in Kictiolas Chnstian nunc, giving in one place 



Sanders' Df vinlnii mciiarthia, pp. 674, 
677, mcntiqn is tnndc of ' WiKclmu* 
Woddu.pretbitcr.in cnrcere dertmctas' 
•t I^Qcaster, Wood cite* the copy of 
the book in Seldcn's library ^WLrceb. 
1593, foL: prcss'iavk "H. j. 9 Th. 
Seld.") 

• Wood MS. Ti ifi (O.C. 8555) is 
' A journal of the sirgc against Latlioni 
House {'64,^] vfhcrcin 1 w« wouoded, 
i:d[waTd?J Hal-oil.' 

' Wood wu nnccTtait) abont the 



' Willinm,' in aaothcr ' George' 

' Wood says that by this marriage 
shf had issue John Bolton who married 
Elirat>cth Itcarc. But, If this wcie so, 
Elizabeth Ikarc would be his sistei. 
This John Doltoo (joninO ^vas pettuips 
onjy a stepton. In Wood MS. E Ji 
there is ati entry : — ' 165 j, Jan. 4. 
toward Bolton, tlcbouse keeper of the 
Pit, ton of John Uolton of Einston, 
died ; boned in the parish isle' of S. 
Jobo Bapt. chur ch, Oxford. 



aS 



WOOlfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



Richard Wood (Anthony Wood's grandfather) was in his boyhood 
taken by Robert Wood, his godfaiher and kinsman, lo Islington, where 
he acquired wealth, being lessee of the UTiile Lion at Islington and 
of Axe-Inne in AJderroanbury. He married EJizabcih Jackson*, 
daughter of Henry Jackson, draper, of S. Mary's parish in Oxford 
and sister of Henry Jackson, B.D., fcUow of C. C. C. Richaixl Wood 
died at S. James', Clerkcnwell, and was buried at Islington in April 
1594) his sons, Richard, Thomas, James, being then aged respectively 
14, 13, 12. Their ' o%'erseer and guardian * till they came of age ' was 
their uncle, Henry Jackson, mercer, of Oxford : they had, Wood says, 
a portion of at least 500 /». a piece, * but were cozened out of much 
of it ' by him. This Richard Wood (senior) is described ' as 'a person 
tail and proper, . . . and in later years inclining lo corpulency.* — 
Richard Wood (Junior), Anthony's uncle, was baptized at Islington 
4 Jan. 15S2-; 'lived to man's estate and died «itbout issue.' James 
Wood, another uncle, baptized at Islington 32 Apr. 1582, although 
having no better education llian that of the grammar school, 'yet 
being handsome and gay married a gentleman's daughter of Surrey 
called . ■ • Cole ' but was immediately separated from her, probably 
by the intervention of her friends. He bought lands at Wytham, died 
in Sept. 1629 in his brother lliomas' house, and was buried In 5. 
John Baptist (Merton College) church. 

(iii) Sdllcment of Ifu Woods in Oxford city. 

Thomas Wood, B.A. Corpus 15 March r6oj, B.C.I-. Broadgates 
Hall 10 March 161^, married in 1603 at Wood-eaion co. Oxon, Mar- 
garet Wood. She died 14 July 162 1 at Tcisworth, and was buried 
in Tetswonh church (S. Giles' church). Her children bad all died 
in infancy. Thomas Wood on 10 Oct. 1622 at Wiiuey co. Oxon. 
married Mary Petty, he being then in his 42nd year, she in her aist. 
She was bom at Wood-caion, about Chribtmas r6oi. Her mother 
was Penelope Tavemer, sister of Richard Tavcrner of Wood-caion 
near Oxford. Anthony Wood was tlic fourth child of this marriage. 



* Wood notes that the Jacksons cune 
bom Preston, co. Luiis. Tlicy were 
tberrfote possibly old scquunuaccs of 
the Woods. 

* their mother wu buried 39. Dec. 
r596, two yean after her huibaod. 
Their suter, EUubeth Wood, act. 6 at 
hct father's dealb, was mairicd on 19 



Jul. i6o(, at tbe if^ of 17, from this 
miclc's boDse. to Thomas Frith, fellow 
of AH Souls. 

' this seems lo he the funilj tjrpe : 
sec what Wood says of \m father in 
164} ; his father's sifter, Elizabeth Frith, 
be cdls ' a fat. comhc woman.' 



ft8 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES, 



(iv) Families of Wood's hrolhen. 

Robert Wood, as the eldest surviving son of the Tamily, and joint 
owner wilh his mother and brothers of the family property, settled 
btmself on his marriage in Postmasters Hal), his father's house, where 
he continued till Nov. 1662. On 3 Nov. 166a be went with his 
family to a house at the cast end of the street {S. John Baptist Street) 
in S. Peter's-in-the-Kaat parish, and conlinucd there till 2 June 
1663. After that dale he and his family returned to Postmasters 
Hall, where they auhsequently abode '. Anthony Wood had rooms 
in tlic house, and for some years' took his meals with his brother's 
family, as a sort of boarder. He complains much of his 'sister's' 
(i.e. Robert's wife's) temper and tongue, and his after life was 
much crabitcered by strife with her. In Thomas Tanner's account 
of Wood's last illness is this sentence :— * he is verjr charitable, 
forpving every body and desiring all to forgive him : he lalkt a great 
while this evening wilh his sister, with whom he had been so long 
u vtriance/ 

Christopher >^'^ood, on his first marriage, settled in a house in 
the old liocherew (the modem Queen Street) on the north side ; 
but before December 1661, he moved into a house at the south 
corner of Bullock's Lane (tlie modern Bulwarks Alley, near the cast 
end of Casilc Street). After his second marriage in 1667, he lived 
for some years at Marriage Hill, a fann in Ufton parish, Berks (near 
Reading), which be had bought bat afterwards sold. In 1670 be 
Kmovcd to a house in Holywell in Oxford, where he continued till 
his death.— The three daughters of Christopher who grew up all made 
bad marriages, their hosbonds John Marat, Edward Read, and Robert 
Aldworth all bditg bankrtipt about 1694. 



^ tbfT MCflt to kave kt put of the 
hoMT M Uka la lodgcn. la Wood 

MS. E U ^ >^ o^ =— * i^T4< S«P*- 
«, Wtkoa Lntfe »aa «f Dr. Join L«ff«, 
phyiMaK, ww faaptiad ; bonic ia tbe 
koat «l Mi. Rgbat 4 Wood tcakx 



MeiioD CoQece. Sept tsL* ; nd to b 
the cdries of tbe birtb of 'Aanc Lafft^ 
9 ^%x^ xfti^ and U ' Mai; Lofie, 10 
Dec 1677.' 
' sec 16 Jo&e. 1M9. 



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INTRODUCTION. 



37 



The following are the names and matches of the daughters of 
fChametl Petty supra^ p. 36, among whose children Wood counis 
-toany ' cozens.' 

I, Fruces Petty, m. Thomas Widnocrc of Ilughenden, Bndu. 

a, Ellea Petty, «. (1) William Ptvicft, impnjpmtor of Great Milton j (j1 John 
Cave, vicar of Great Miltoo, sometlroci rector of Middleton Ontjnvj, 
Nonhts, eldest ^ Knn tii' Sir Rrirm Cave. She died 30 Match l68|, act. 80 
or more; buried in Great Miltoo church. 



{obn Cave, B.A., m. Ellen (Petty or) Daries. 
fagd. H. 33 Oct. I 
1639. I 



L 



John Cave', m. ... St. John. Brian Cave ', Geoii;e Cave, «. Ellen Petty. 



JeUowofUoc. 

Coll. to 1 06s; 

died 1690. 



fcUowofWtdh. 

hi 1G63 ; died 

1675. 



of MUtoo. 



John Cn*e, m. 
ulm. at Lioc 
CqU. i.s Nov. 
1660, act 16. 



Henry Cave, adm. at 

Unc Coll. 9 July 

1694, act. 17. 



George Care, matric. at Trin. 
Coll. 7 Feb. i6yi. 



John Cave, 

Diatnc- ac Maj^. Hall, 

31 March 1705. 

3, ..,* Petty, ffi. AylwortbMajorofCowleyiotheparisfaofPiesloOjCa Bucks. 



CharocU Slajor, m. Mary, daughter of 
a sUkDian iitPater- ... Koy»toa, of 



DOftcr Kow, 
London. 



Lonrlon, on to Feb. 

i66|, being then 

Shiovc Mondajr. 



Holt (jf 

Stolccline. 



Edmund Major, M. of m. Samti, hisfir^ 
Arts.iind KiTnE.*tiiiics fel- COicn, diiiightct 
low ofLyoc- Coll., rector of Thomaa 
of Whilcbuich co. Oxon., 

and also minister of 

Turston near Drairlilcy; 

tltcd at Wliil^lmtch 

17 Oct. 1685. 

4, Ann» Petty, m. to ... WoUey of eo. Leic. 

5, Mar]- Petty, w. to William Meade of Naiboro&gh co. Leic. which Wlllian 

died In 1663. 

6, SoHui, m. (i) Thomas Holt ofStokclyne I (a) ...Templer, of... inNorthonts. 

Thomas Holt, m. Sttsan Petty. 
(ice the pedigree in Oct. i'65S.) I 



RalT»h HoU, High Sheriff Snsao Holt, m. Edmund 

ofOxfvtilshirc, 167**. M.ijor. 

7, EliiLftbeth, «. William Bent of Cosb)- co. Ldc, died wne prole. 



'Kcond son ', J. Foster Alumni 
7jrtfn. (early aerici) i. 151. 

• Bloxiun, Keg. Coll. Mdgd. v. 33r. 
» Gardiner, Keg. Cull. Wadb., p. 3 tfi. 

* name written in pencil as doubtful. 



and DOW ilk{pble. Wood notes that 
' she died 6 Jane 1659, and was baricd 
at Preston ; he {her hu&tnnd) died 33 
Nov. I&G4, and was borietl by bis wife.* 



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lyOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



NOTANDA. 

Puiwf^ withont dbtJnctlTe nrnric ue from the Altniuiac&. 
Passages mirkeii with an utciisk * are from 'Tanner MS, 102' [wrt i, tha 
'Secreinm AatuQii.' 

Pftiugcs marked with a dagger f are from ' Tonnct MS. loa ' part it, tha 
'Indices pro annis i66o-i68a' 

Pauagcs endoted in square brackets [ ] arc later addiiions nude by Wood 
tn the MS cited, or notes tiy Wood foam] in other MSS. or books, or, in a £ew 
cases, notes communiaued to \Vood and Toaiid in hi* MSS. The nature and aonrce 
of each oftbese passages is indicated in the notes to it, 

Passagei, words, and Ictten enclosed in onguLai brackets ^ ) are insertions by 
the editor. 

The maH( . . . indicates tluit Wood has omitted a word or words, or left the 
sentence unfiQialied. 

Throughont. wherever it wai omitted, the day of the week has been supplied 
withuut comment. 

The editor is reapoosibte for the oolea. 



Ajino Domini 1632 : regni 8 GaroU I. 

December. — • Dec- 1 7, M., Amhony Wood or a Wood ' (son of 
Thomas Wood or h Wood, bachelaur of Arls and of the Civil Law) 
was borne in an antienl stonc-bousc opposite to Ibc rorefront of 
Merlon Coll. in tlic collegiat parish of S. John BaplUt dc Merton, 
situai and being within the City and Universiiie of Oxford, on Munday 
the sevcnteoih day of December (S. Lazarus day) at about 4 of the 
clock in ihe morning, anno 1632 : which stone house, with a backside 
and garden adjoyiilng, wa^ bought by his fatlicr of John Lant', 



' rortbcfomu'Wood'and 'aWood' 
tee, iupra, [l 11. 



* John Lant, M.A. Ch. Ch. n May 
i5;$; Claik'sricG.Univ.Oaon.IJ.iits6, 



46 



WOOD'S UFE AND TlAfES. 



An. Dom. 1630: xii Car. I: (Wood aot. 4.) 

AugOflt. — *Aug. 89, M., the king, queen, prince Rupert, many of 
the nobility and others, came from Woodstock inio Oson. A liule 
before which Umc he was conveyed in a servant's armcs, with his 
father and mother going to the lodgings of Dr. Thomas lies, canon 
of Christ Church ; whence being conveyed to the mount in his garden 
looking into Fish street, he saw the king, queen and the rest riding 
downc the said street into Ch. Ch. great quadrangle'. This was the 
first lime dial he ever saw the said king and queen, and the first time 
tliat he ever saw such a glorious traine as that was, which he would 
often talk of when he was a man. 

•Aug. 30, T., they were entertained by the Universide; and by Dr. 
(WilUam) Laud, archbishop of Canterbury, at S. John's ColJege". 
Aug. 31, W., ihey departed — see the whole story* of this entertiiin- 
ment in 'Hist, cl Antiq. Univ. Oxon.' lib. i, sub anno 1636: which 
History was written by ISrr. A. Wood. 

An. Dom. 1037: xiii Car. I: <Wood aet. 6.) 

•He was put to school to leame to read* the psalter. And about 
that time playing before the dore of his father's Itouse neare Mcrion 
coll., one of Ihe horses called Mutton belonging to Thomas Edgerlcy * 
the university carrier, rode over him (as he was going to be watered) 
and bruis'd his head very much. This caused a great heaviness for 
some time after in his head and perhaps a slowness in apprehending 
with quickness things that he read or heard ; of which he was very 
sensible when he came to reason, 

December. — [Dec. i6\ S., 1637: Richardus Adams, scholaris 
facuiiatis Artium e CulL Lincohi., suspendatur a gradu proximo quern 
capessunis est per duos tcrminos, quonlam inter alios" cum otBcia 



' ' gipat pite,* in the H«I. MS. 

* Wood 435 C17) is n balUd, with 
tlic music, on this cntfrtajnniciit, vit. 
Edmund Uaytoii'i ' Epnlnc Oxanicoses 
or a jocular rclatioD of the bftcquet . . . 
1636 in the Matticmatioil Library at 
St. John Kapt. CoUcfte.' Wood 398 (j) 
iaarxither copjr. 

* Wood's FjiglUh tenion U in Gulch's 
Wood'» Hi%t. Univ.Oxon. ii. p. 407-41 3. 

' 'to read' added from the Harl. 
MS. J omitted from the Tanner M.S. 

* Kc L'latk'i Reg. Univ. Oion. 11. l. 
316. 40s- 



* note in ' Lihcr Niger Procomtonim,' 
Wood refers to this bmwl in S. Martin's 
church ia (JutcVs Wood's Mist. Univ. 
Oxon. il. 4)8 In coonectioQ with a simi- 
lar commotion In 164}. 

' the« ' other ' brawlers, all moic or 
IcM panifthed in tlie K.-ime sort, were : — 
Tcmjxrsl Erighoii5^, John Bnnsell [i.e. 
Burascll], Samuel Bcchin [or Bechinn], 
Tbomas Hardie. ]>anict Hill, Matthew 
HolHnfTs, Henry Kamnlen, ThuTnns 
Springei B.A., Anihoay Sprinprt, Jubn 
Ward, WUIiAm Wood — all ol Lincoln 
College. 



jICTG. \eZB~AfARCM, 1640. 



47 



divina v«spcri celebrantur in ecclesia Sti Martini per ejusdem ccclesiae 
leclorem quominus cadcm tranquilk pcracta fuerint elTccit: et, quia 
ad poenitcntiam die pracsUtuto non acces&it, insu|)er praediclus 
Richardux Adams tenclur veniam flexis gcnihus in domo Congrega- 
tionis pelere die decimo quinto Januarii proxime sequente.] 

An. Dom. 1638: xiiii Car. I; (Wood aet. 6.) 

"In ihe beginning of thisyeare' his eldest brother Thomas Wood 
(who was borne at Telsworth in Oxfordshire) became one of the 
students of Christ Church, by ihe favour of Dr. Thomas lies, he 
being then 14 ycarea of age. See more of him under the yeares 
164a and 1651. 

(Wood 516 no. 10 is 'Articles to be enquired of within llie diocese 
of Oxford in the visitation of John [Bancroflj bishop of Oxford, 
i638-'> 

An. Bom. 1639 : XT Car. I : (Wood aet. 7.) 
*He was in his Bible, and ready to go into his accedence^ 

<iej^: Wood aet. 8.) 

January.— [Jan. a?', M., i6J^, Robert Burton^ B. of Div. and 
itudcnt of Christ Church, and audiour of the book 0/ Mtlanchofy^ was 
buried in Xt. Ch. cathcdrall ".] 

Karoh. — 'March 8, Su., his yonger' brolher John Wood died, 
and vas buried the day following in Merton ColL church. 



' i-e. abont Apr. or Mny 16.18, the 

'jrcur with Wood ahoays beginning on 

lUu'cb 15. Wood in this mattcf wu 

I dOKQluly co«srrvitiTe of the old 

[frihioiir K-Idom ddf^inf; to uic even 

the common double notatiao (eg. i6,ti)r 

and guienilly altering Ibe d«teft of pab- 

lication on ihc title fmge* of )ii< jHnnjih- 

kicts where the mod<ni bcf.'ioning of the 

■Teu bad been followed (lhu«, 'l>3ndon, 

lfi6o' Is ofien changed by faim to 

I'LondoD. Feb. i6<;9*; and the like). 

>-3 have howercr Ibroughoot used the 

'doobtc aolatimi, as the only means of 

avohling cunfa-!^ion of yenni- 

* i.c. the Latin grammar. Aa soon 
•a a boy could read, be bcgao I^tin. 

* note among a act of itray papen of 



Wood'i writing found in the Kavlisson 
D series of MSS. in a mificellancotts 
volume of papers rdathig la Oxfoid. 
The Name slip contains a list of burials 
in the Cathedral, \^\i-\(s^t). The 
volume was formerly marked RawL D 
1383: afterwards marked Rawl. D 
1390 ; in the absence of a present preta- 
mnrk, I shall cile it in these noto as 
MS. Rnwl. 1) oHm 1 190. 

' Woo<i gaye the inscription and the 
scheme of his nativity on his tomb- 
stooc, in Hist, et Anliij. Oxoh. IL j8S, 
and complains that wbcreis ' A'. natMs 
ft. was upon the scheme itself,* Dr. 
John Fell altered his text to * /t. B. 
na/us.' 

* ' yongeit/ in the Harl. MS. 



-^ . 



i'.. ■'■ 




^•'JT 



\.. * 




a. 



a 
o 
o 
> 



7> 



2 



44 



WOOD*S UFE AND TISfES, 



master of Arts of the Univ. of Oxon, 8 December, 6 Jac. I, Dom. 
i6o8, and is held by his family of Merton Coll. before raention'd. 

•Dec. 23, Su., he was christncd or taken into the bosorac of the 
church. At which time he had to liis godfathers, Anthony Cloplon^ 
bachelaur of DUinity and fellow of Corp. Chrlsti College, and Edward 
Dawson' Doctor of pbysick of Lincolne College: and to his god- 
mother, Mris. Catherine Fisher, the w-ife of William Seymoure of 
Oxon an attorney; and afterwards ihe first wife of Tliomas Rowney 
an attorney also of the same place, father (by his second wife) to 
Tliomas Rowney esq. High ShcrrifT of Oxfordshire anno 169(1). 

An. Dom. 1633: 9 Car. I; <Wood aet. L) 

• He was altogether nttrscd by his mother (of whome shal be men- 
tion made under the year 1666'), and by none else. For as she 
nursed his 3 elder brothers, so she nursed iiim (wlioui she found very 
quiet) and the two next that followed. 

<163J: Wood aot. 2.) 

(The orders and schedules of names issued by Brian Duppa, nce- 
chancellor, for the repairing of the streets of Oxford, 20 Mar. 163J, 
are found in Wood MS. F. 31 foL 28-30.) 

An, Dom. 1634: 10 Car. I: (Wood aet. 2.) 

July. — 'Jidy. At the summer assize held in the Guild hall of the 
citie of Oxon, appeared, with a commission from the king, Gcorg 
Owen and William Rylcy officers of armcs*, to visit and take an 
account of all the armes and pedegrees of the gentry of Oxfordshire *. 
And to add authority to their commission, 'twas read in the openj 
court before the judg, justices and country gentrie. This mcmoirc 
here set downe becaus Mr. Wood's father (of whom I shall make 
mention imder the yearc 1642') was warn'd among the gcntnc to 



* Anthony Cloplon RD.Corp. ; July 
1624, D.U. 14 May i<>M; *ft« whom 
he wa» called 'Anibcmy.' 

" Edward Diwson, Jocorp. M. A. from 
Ctunbr. 11 July 1620; not M.D. till 
31 Jane 1633. Wood, ia MS. rbillip^-4 
7018 mure correctly dctcribeft him at 
this time as: ' M.A. and piaclilioiier uf 
pbysick.' 

> i. c. 166^ 

'George Owen, 'Yoik' Herald; 
William Kylcy, 'Bine Maollc' Par- 



suirant. 

» No. CXXIX In Cott'a Cat. CeJd. 
MS. Coil. Rtginat Oxon. is 'The visi- 
tation of Oxfordshire by John Pbilitiot, 
Soincraet herald, and William Itylcy, 
blewm&ntlc, iiunbaU and deputies of 
CJartcr and ClBicncieDx King! uf Anns, 
Aogust 16^' It is printed lo W. II. 
Turner's The VUiiatimis sf (ht County 
cf Oxford, (ItaileioJi Society) i8;t. 

• t c. 1643. 



DEC. \%%% — AUG. 1636. 



45 



appeare before the said officers or heralds with his armes and pedegree 
and to liave them entred into their books ; but he forsooth pleading 
ihc privilege of the univcrsiiy, or that he was a privileged person, and 
so consequently exempted, as he pretended (but false) t cttrta 
Miirischalli^, he did not appeare in his owne behalf, tho he did in 
the behalf of the Petties of Tetsworch, and cntrcd what he knew of 
that family, the annes, matches and issue of three or more descents, 
being desired so lo do by Maximilian' Pettie, who gave him the fees, 
and he ilic^ heralds. It was afterwards lo Mr. A. Wood when he 
came to understand those things a great trouble to him that his father 
did not enter three or more descents of his ownc famiEie, which he 
had then Liecn better able to doe, than those of the famllie of his 
wife (Pettie). And the reason is, because that his father dying when 
he was yotig, those things which he knew of his family dyed with 
him, and* his son could never obtainc Uicm' from any other person 
of his kindred, nor can he yet from any place of record, unless he 
take a journey into I--ancasliire from whence his grandfather came 
about the beginning of the raigne of queen Jliltzabeth. 

An. Som. 1635 : xi Car. I : <Wood aet. d.) 

*Tbis yeare he had the small pox so much that he was for a time 
blindetl with them. 

August. — "Aug." I, S., a fine of 30//'. was set by the warden and 
fellowes of Merlon coll. when his father renewed his lease of the old 
stone-house, wherin his son A. Wood was borne (called aiiliently 
Portionists' or PosImasCcrs hall) for 40 yearcs ; aiid for a common 
inn called the Flowr de Luce, situat and being in the parish of S. 
Martin ad Quadrivium in Oxon (which inn his father had bought of 
Richard Theed gent, on the eleventh of Sept. 14 Jac. I, Dom. 1616) ; 
and at the same time a lease of the garden opposite to S. Alban's 
hall, was let to his father for 27 yeares. 



■ the ' Kail ManbAlt * ii head of tbe 
Collcue of HeraW*. 

' ' Mojuniiluin ' u entered only in 
[>encn, u unceitain, both in the Tanner 
and lUrl. MSS. 

* ' the Mid hertlds, ' ia Lbe llart. 
US. 

' 'and 1 coHid never Icam those 
things ^wbich he in all piul^ability 
knew) fioin any other jienon of llis 

kindred.' in tbe lUiL MS. 



* when collecting materials for the 
history of hi* family m MS. Phtllipps 
7018, Wood thought uf several plans 
Ijy which to get this information * that 
wee may not be nurobrcd among tbe 
ignorant who tcaire, or perhapt not 
(at) all, like aecrc bmtcs, know any- 
thing of their fathers and mothets.* 

* Aug. I, j.e, I,amnia« Pny. 

' i*e OarJc'i Wood's City of OxTord, 
i. 183. 



:2i 



'BS 



O O u: 
^11 



^1 



O 



I? 



J 






-I 



Mt 



•B 



-O 



1 



» 



•3 




d. 



c 

8 



Y. 



■J 

a: 



> >V *J 



MARClly \^\Q — AUG. 1641. 



49 



An. Com. 1641 : xvii Car. I : (Wood aet. 9.) 

•He was translated lo New Coll. schoolc. situated between the 
west pan of the chappcll and cast pari of the cloyslcr, by the 
advice, as he usually conceiwd, of some of the fellowes of the said 
coll. who usually frequented his fallier's Iioukc. One John Maylard 
fellow of the said coll. was then, or at least lately, the master (after- 
wards rector of Stanton S. John neare Oxon) ; and after him 
succeeded John Davys', one of the chaplaynes of the said house, 
whomc he well remembers to be a quid man. etc. 

[John Vicard' in his book calle<l 'A looking-glass for malignants, 
or God's hand against God-haicrs,' etc., printed 1643, quarto, p. 
13: — 'Also in the parish of Holywell neare Oxon, one of the in- 
habilanls of the same parish, being a most licentious and prophane 
fellow, set up a May-pole in Uic summer- ttxnc, 1641; and that it 
might transcend the vanities and irajHelies of other May-poles, he set 
upon this the picture of a man in a tub, thereby (as he said) " to 
describe a Roundhead." Which picture, as it w.is credilily reported, 
he made in derision of a godly gentleman, a manciple of one of the 
Colleges in Oxon: and the reason why it must represent this 
gentleman was. because he was truly religious and used rei>t;tition of 
sermons, singing of psalmes, and other holy duties in his house. 
This picture being thus set up on the May-pole, the said prophane 
fellow, the author of it, with his loose and licentious companions, 
making themselves mad-merry about it, at last must needs go shoot 
at the Roundhead upon it ; and having for this purpose brought 
muskets wiib them and other pieces, one of them (being the ser^'ant 
of the chief master of this May-game) shot, and did hit the picture. 
At vhich the said master did fall a-laughing exireamly, and on a 
fiudden sunk downc, falling Into a sharp and terrible convulsion- 
fit, and so continued a long time after very sick and in great 
paine and misery ; but whether he l»e since alive or dead, I am 
unccrtaine. — This reladon I had confirmed to me by an honest yong 
gentleman, a scholar of Oxon, then resident in Oxon and an eye- 
witness of most of it."] 

Angnat.— <Wood jo; (49) ' is Civiuu Oion : burisls from F.,6 Aug. lo S., 14 
Aug., 1641,' — one of tlic wccLly bills of inurtAlily in the city which were pub- 
Uabed in Oxford. Tlte week fr-13 Aug. 1641 tbowi a tot&l of 13 deubs.) 



• JobD [>av!es, B.A New C. 18 Dec. 
i6i4- 



' dted on a «Iip pasted to p. 888 in 
Wowl MS, F I. 



so 



IVOOffS UFE AND TTMES. 



Ifovembor. — •Nov. His grandmother Pcnclopie, the wcldow of 
capt.' Roljcrt PelUe or Ix Petite gent, (his mother's father) died with 
grcif at or neare Charlemount in Ireland, the seal of her nephew 
Wilhara viscount Caulfieid'. occasion'd by the barbarous usuage of 
her intimate acquaintance (but a bigottcd Papist) Sir Philim O Nealc, 
who acted the part of an arch-traytor and rebcll, when the grand 
rebellion' broke out in that kingdomc, S^ 33 October 1641. This 
Pcnelopic was daughter of Richard Tavemer*, lord of Wood-Eaton 
in Oxfordshire, by his second wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Har- 
courl Kt. of the anticnl and noble family of the Harcoiirts of Stanton- 
Harcourt in the said countie. She was borne at Wood-Eaton in the 
beginning of SepL 1566, and when shee was about 2t ycarcs of age 
(being then a most comlic and proper peison, as most of the 
Tavemers were then, and in after times, some of whome he docs 
remember) shee was married to his grandfather Robert Pcttie before 
mention'd, then lord of Wyfald or Wivcohl. and of other lands, neare 
to Henlie in Oxfordshire, and a tenant to Eaton Coll. of a very good 
farme at Cotsford neare to Bister in the said countie. 

[Kicbaid Tavenicr* of Woodcatoa (High Sberriff of Oxfordshire, 13 Klizabeth 
^1571)), vawntA, first, Margirct one of the daughters of Walter Lamtscrt, by 
whom he had (.unong other issQc) Maithn «-Uc of George Ciliciid esq. recorder of 
Oxford and judge of the aasi/«R in Wales, father of Sir William Colfcild kt. lord 
CatfeiJd io Ireland ; nunied, secondly. Mar)- oac of the daughters of Sir John 
llucourt of Stuiloa lUicoart, by wbam be lud — i, Harcourt Tavemer (dyed 



' he was captaiD of the Oxford train- 
liandi. 

* Willinm Ciulficld, MCOnd baroa 
Chirlemi>nt, was wn of George Caul- 
field (recorder of Uxford) and Martha 
Tavemer danghter of Richard Tavemer 
of Woudeaton. Hit eldest son and 
tacccMor, Toby Caallicld third baron 
ChorlcmoDl, wu scited and pnt to death 
by uidcrs of Sir rhclim O'Nclic. HU 
brother, William Caul5eld fifth baron 
CharlcnHKit, brought about the capture 
and execation of Sir rhclim O'Neile, 
and was created viscount Cbarlcniunl 
on 6 Oct. 1665. See sapra, p. 40. 

* Wood 506 (l)is Sir John Temple's 
•The IiUh Rebellion' (of 1641). Loud. 
1646. Wood 506 (]) U 'A collection of 
cettain horrid murlhen in Ireland sinoe 
1641,' Loml. 1679. Wood 508 (50) if 
'Mercnrius Hibctniccs, or A discourse of 
thfl late Iniancctioa in Ireland,' Bristol 



1644, in which Wood notes that Dr. 
Thonuu Barluw lotd him that 'Jamn 
Howell was the author : sed rjoacrc.' 
' sec the pedigree, tufra, |jp. 39, 40, 
* notes by Wood on fot. 39 of Wood 
MS, K 31. He gives there a long 
pedigree of the Tavcmerc, the source of 
which is partly expkiincd by him : — 
' Memonuidam that Krands Tavemer 
of llexton in Hertfordshire esq. son of 
Peter Tarcraer of the same place writ a 
book of hii Gimily thus intituled " The 
gnicaiogic of the familic of the Taver- 
ncrrs of North Elmham in Nurfulke . . . 
by me Francis Tavemer and written 
with mine owne band anno dorrtiui 
1636," Tlus book, which is la folio, 
was lent to me (A. W.l by Edward 
Tavemer and Thomas Tavcincr grand- 
BODS of the .uid Francis id Jan. 167a 
(i. c. I).' Sec infra in March HS^I. 



NOV. 1641 — MARCH, 1642. 



51 



wiUKMit lamfr) ; a, Penelope TaTutin-, Tnamed Robert Petty of Wiveold com. 
Onwi,cs«|. 3rd son of John Petty of Stoke T»Iaiach and Tctiwoith com. Oj(oa.e5(i.; 
be was captaioc of the tiAinbant] in Oxfonl. 

Robert Petty m. Penelope Ttvemer 



lUrcourt Petty 



I . 

Francis 

(died without luae) 



Mary, a daughter, married to 
Thomas Woods of St. John's 
pahth Oxon. gent., and bath 
iisue.] 



{Among the pamphlets of this year relating to Oxford which Wood has collected, 
he gives most pronuocace to the following : — 

(O Wood 514 CO. I ; * Arcbbisbtip Laad's letter with <a gift of) MSS. to the 
University of t^xford with their answer' printed lit the year 1640 (i. e, f). Of 
I-ntid's letter Wood note* * This letter was written in Latine, remaining yet to be 
seen io Registro Domus Convocatioois Oxon " R " iol. tSs b; the translataur hath 
mangled it and abtitcd the aothocr — ila tescor Anth. & Woode, Oxonienfis Anti- 
qnarios ' : of the anewet he notes * This epistle was wrillcn in Latin aa 'tis to this 
day remaining in " R" fol. iSja; bat the tmulatour hatb much erred and abused 
the Univenitle in it.' 

(i) Wood 514 no. 5; 'To* the high and honoontble court of parliament the 
hnmMc petition i>r the Univcrsilic of Oxford in behalf of Episcopacy and Cathe- 
drals ' delivered to his majesty by the VicechanccUor F., nit Apr. 1641 with the 
King's answer in MS. and the note (7?otlcr's actngrapb) certi^ing ila correct- 
ne« : — ' Tcitor ego C[hrislophents] Plotter] haec, Vicecanoellarins Oxon.' 

(3) Wood 514 no. 4; 'The answer to thie pedtioii sent from the Unirersitie of 
Oaon,' \xfaA,. 11S41. 

(4) Wood 616 no. 19 ; 'A copie of 1 letter from Land to resign his chancellor* 
■hip* 1641 : a garbled issue. 

(5] Wood JI4 no. 5; 'Land's letter* resigning his ctiaDCellorship, and the 
answer of the Univetsilie* Oxford 164I. Of both letter luid answri Wood says 
that they are not transcribed in Register ' R', 'the reason is becaoie 'twas seat 
when the Regesters ' were in tlie hands of a Committee at London : A. Woode.' 
This was printed to controTert no. 4. 

(6) Wood 514 no. 6; 'Cbeap&ide Cross censored and condemned by a teller 
seat fron [se*eral memberfi of] the Univenitic of (Oxford ' Lond. 1641.) 



<164i : Wood aet. 10.) 

March, — •Mar. In the beginning of March his broiher Robert, 
who had lately been taken from the frce-schcx>l al Thame, left Oxon 
in order to goc to France with Charles Dufore of MontiUet a kind of 
a merchant at Bloys. After he was sciled there, the said Charles was 
10 send his son Dcnnb to Oxon to live with Robert's father by way 



* Another copy i* Wood 514 no. ). 
Wood 423 DO. iS is a similar petition 
* of all colleges and halls.' 

' the original document is now Wood 



MS. C 53. Another copy of the pam- 
phlet is Wood 616 no. 30. 

> i. c. of Convocation and Cocgr^a- 
tioB. 



E a 



5a 



WOOD*S LIFE AND TIMES. 



of exchange for Roheri; but the troubles in England Bonn after 
following, Charles Duforc rcfosed to send his son. Wicrcfore Robert 
Wood conlinuing at Bloys and in other places in the kingdonie of 
France* till the beginning of 1647 (al which lime he was neare 17 
}xarcs of age) he rctum'd to his native pliice of Oxon, but had utterlie 
forgotten his mother tongue', xvhich was a great trouble" to his 
brethren to make him understand what ihey spoke to him. 

An. Dom. 1643: 18 Car. I: (Wood act. 10.) 

•In ihe beginning of lliis yeare* the second brother of A. Wood*, 
named Edward, liecame one of the porllonists or postmasters of 
Mcrton Coll., und<-r ihe tuition of Mr. Ralph Button. 

Angost. — * August; upon the publication of his ^^ajcstic's pro- 
clamation", for the suppressing of the rebellion under the conduct and 
command of Robc-rl (Devcreux) carl of Essex', llie members of the 
Universiiie of Oxon began to put thcmstlvcs in a poslure of defence, 
and especially for another reason, \vhich was that there was a strong 
report that divers companies of soldiers were passing thro the country 
as sent from London by the parliament for the securing of Banbury 
and War^vick. Dr. (Robert) Pink of New Coll., the deputy vice- 
chancellour', called before him to the public sclioolcs all the privileged 
men's armcs to have a view of them : where not onlie privileged men 
of the Universiiie and their servants, but also many scholars appeared. 



' in the Wood collection of printed 
books tiicte is I !iouvL-iiir uf Kulx'rt 
Wood's nay in France. Wood 70 is 
' Le& facecieusM nuicts da Kigncai Jkd 
Fnincoiii Stniparole/ rendered into 
French b]r Jan Ixinnaia, Lyon* i^fio; 
which kobcrt Woodmiisi have bronght 
luck with hicQ. At the end of ibc pre- 
face is wnttm in a buid i^ewitig foreign 
teaching 'de Lyon cc premier jour dc 
M*y 1647 ' ; on p. 135, ' Ic vingt 
troisieme jonr de M»re 1647 ' ; uid, in 
tbe sarac hand on p. 1 1 3 ' je confcue dc 
devoir (T) ii monsieur Dafi^ui ; Robert 
Wood.' On p. 365 is wriltcn the verse 
* Ari»e ftoiD sina, thou wicked miin, | 
Bdore the trump doth sound ; { Ixmst 
ibou amont; the goilUc son | A damocd 
sonle b« found.* 

' hence ever Rflcrwardfi in his own 
famil]' Kotxrrt Wood was known by the 
ni<>nainc ' raonaeor ' — by which he is 
gCDcnmy tcicrred to in Wood's diaria. 



' [he Hnil. MS. has ' a gre»t tronhle 
lo n» lo miike him undertland our 
minds, cic.' 

' (c« ncte I p. 47. 

* here, and constiimly, A. W. in the 
text rcpments AV of the MS., a mono- 
gr^ni lo the use dI which Wood wai 
niimt parliai. 

* dated at York, (> Atig. l4S4a. 

* Wood 531(5) is' Aliat of the army 
under the command of Roben, carl of 
Essex,' Lond. 164a. 

" the vice-chancellor of the year 1641 
(Dr. John Prideanx, lale rector of 
Exeter College, now bishop of Wor- 
cester; had abruptly left ihe Univcnity 
ftttout June 14, 1643, wilboat properly 
resigning his oflliu.'. By coramand of 
Convouatinn the dutiea of the vice- 
chancel I orafaip were dJadiarged by a 
' I'ro-vicc-chancellor ' ; Pink was the 
' rro-vicc-chaiiccllor' during the latter 
hftlf of 1643. 



MARCH--' AUG. 1842. 



53 



bringing wUh ihem ihe furnitnre of armes of every CoH. that ihen had 
any^ Mr. Wood's father had then armour or furniture for one man, 
viz. a helmet, a back and breaMpiece, a pykc and a niusquct, and 
other appurtenances: and the eldest of his men-servants (for he had 
then three at least) named Thomas Bumham did appears in those 
amies, when llie scholars and privileged men trained ■ ; and when he 
could not train, as being taken up with bu-^iness, the next servant did 
trainc: and much adoe there was to keep Thomas Wood, the eldest 
son, then a student of Chr. Ch. and a youth of about i8 )xare3 of 
age, from putting on the said armour and to irainc among the 
schnhrs. The said scholars and privileged men did somtimes traine 
in New Coll. quadrangle, in the eye of Dr. Robert Pink, the deputy- 
vicechantcllour, then warden of the said Coll. — And it being a novel 
matter, (here was no holding of the school-boyes in their school in 
the cloyster from seeing and following them. And Mr. Wood 
remembred well, that some of Ihem were so besotted with the 
training and activitic and gayitie therein of some yong scholars, as 
being in a longing condition to be one of tlic trainc, that they could 
never be brought to their books againe. It was a great disturbance 
to the youth of the citie, and Mr. Wood's father foresaw that if his 
sons were not removed from Oxon they would he spoyl'd. 

[ The UnivtniHis mustermgfXy with other thingts Ihat have happened 
in the Univtrsilie since that time, etc} 

Note* that presently uppon the commingc forthc of his majestic'a 
proclamation for the suppres^nge of the present rebellion under tlie 



' * then any taj ' is in the Tuuier 
M&, by ft slip for 'then fast) uty.* 
The ifarl. US. luu * bringing with 
llieni the fumiture of every Collcj^c that 
then bad armea.' 

* WutMl 6^5 coiitniDs some pamphlets 
oa military afTairs. Wawt 6311(1) a 
' The cKcrcisc of the I-loglifih in the 
militia,* illustrated Kith tif^rct. Wood 
635 (3' is Sir John Smythc's (Ij;?!) 
' liiMnictions observatiooB and orders 
miliury.' 

* The M5. from which thr folluwing 
narraliTc is tranicrihc<l was written by 
Itriaa Twyoe ; was owned liy Wt'od, 
who has written it) it a Tew maiginal 
notes ; and w.aa bcqti«athed by him 
wit)) bis othiT M.S.S. to the Ashmolean, 
wbrtc it it fonml in the 16^ Catalogiie 

ox:. 8J58, Wood MS. 96). Stolen 



from thence, it paaficd through sercral 
bands tnit came into the Uodleian in 
1755 with the MSH. of George Ballard 
{,M&cray'K /tnnals 0/ tht Bettleian p. 
354). IHa^■iIlg been fonnerly marlced 
MS. Balknl 18, it ■& now marked MS. 
Ballaxd 68. It had Urn printed hj 
Thomas Heamc in 1733 at the end of 
the second volume of the ' Chrotiicon 
sive Anoales prioratiis de Duastaple/ 
the MS. then being in the posseafon of 
Thomas Kawlins of Pophills in Wat- 
wiclcshire. Wood had already in Wood 
MS. F I fol. H^7 «(j(] exploited this 
MS., bat his copy rctnaincd anprinled 
till 1796, wht-u Jolm Gutch edited 
it in Vol. II of Wood's History of the 
Univenity of Oxford. 

' ■ Note ' &uli«tituled by a later hand 
for ' memorandNin.' 



54 



WOOlfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



conduct & command of Robert (Devcreux) e&rle of Essex, printed 
and dated *at Yorke, 9 August 1642, in the 18th ycre of king 
Charles ' (which proclamation was openly proclajined here at Oxford 
uppon Saturday the 13 of August 1642); and likewise uppon the 
report and bruii of diverse companies of soldiers, that were daily 
sent downe from London by the parliament for the succoringc of 
Banbury &. Warwickc, passinge thorough the country, the UniveraitJe 
began to put themselves into a posture of defence. Whcreuppon the 
then Deputie-V'icechanccllor', Dr. (Robert) I'inke, called before him 
to the Schoolcs all ilic privilcdgcd mens' atmcs, to have a veiwe of 
them &c. When not only priviJedged men of the Universitie or their 
servants but allso a great many of schollcrs appeared, bringinge with 
them the furniture of every Colledge that then had armcs. 

And then afterwardes, uppon Tharsdaye bcinge the 18 of August, 
in tlic aftcrnoune, all those marched from the Scliooles, all alonge up 
llic high street, to the number of 330 or more, to Clirist-church 
College, where they were put into arraye and a little exercised in their 
postures — some of the Commissioners of the Arraye which were 
formerly directed to Oxford by the kinge, viz. the lord Lovelace" & 
the lord Willmol' ffor tlic other commissioners were taken at Wattle- 
ton or ihereabouta), being there present at some windows, because 
they would not be aeene : & about 4 or 5 a clocke it beginninge to 
rainc, they marched backe again the same waye to the Schooles ; and 
so they departed for that time. 

The Saterday followinge*, they met at the Schooles agalne in 
the fore noone; from whence they marched downe tliorough Haly- 
wcll' ; and so, thorough a gate necre Mr- {Edmund) Nappcr's house, 
theyentred in to Newe parkes ; where, by their commaunders, they 
were devidcd into fourc squadrons, whereof two of tliem were 
muskcters, the third was a squadron of pikes, the 4th of hallberdes ; 
and after they had byn reasonably instructed in the wordcs of 
commaund and in their postures, they were put into bauell arraye, and 



* Dr. John Fridcaux, rector of Exeter, 
the vice-chasccLluT, hul Icit Oxfitnl 
(having been made bidiup of Worcester, 
see C. W. Boise in Jk^ ColUges of Ox- 
Jvri (1891) p. 81), without fonnxlly 
rcsigniog his place. Ko tacccssar was 
therefore elected, bol the Univetiity 
rewirtetl to Ihc derice of a 'dt-poiy- 
Ttcc-chanceUor ' who was to discli«i{;e 
the vicc-chouccUoi's duties. 



* John Lovelace, lecond boroD Love- 
lace. 

* Chactcs visGoimt Wilmot of Alh- 
lonc. 

' i.e. ao Aug. 

' this and other word* h«»c been by 
ii laicr band touched up with ink to 
adapt them to the modem spcUinf; : 
'Halywell' piima maau, 'Holywell' 
scctinda. 



AUGUST, 1642. 



S5 



skirmished together in a very decent manner; and contlnucingc ihcre 
untyll about 2 of the clocke in the aftcrnoonc, they returned' entringe 
into the townc at St. GiJes his church, and so to Bocardo, they came 
marchinge all the waje thorough the market piace^, & so over 
Carfax, and downe ihc high street (that so bothe towne & country 
might take notice thereof) : & so tliey arrived at the Schoolcs 
againe, from wliencc they were dismissed for that time. — Theschollers 
were promiacuoualy bodie Graduates & Undergraduates ; a great 
many of them Masters of Art, yea devines allso, and Dr. (Thomas) 
Read of Kewe Coll.*, a Dr. of Lawc. served with a pike. — The Cookes 
Drummes fc Auntient' served their tumes, &c. 

At the hether ende of Eastbridgc, just at the comer of Magdalen 
Colledge chaplaincs' quadrangle, the high n^-aye was blocked up with 
longe limber logges, to keepe out horsemen, & a kinde of timber 
gate (to be chayned, if need be) at the ende of the blockes next 
toward the Col!, for common passage of cajts & horses, &c, to 
bringe provision to the towne. 3 or 4 loades of stones* were carried 
up to Magdalen Coll. Tower, to flingc downe uppon the enemie at 
their entrance, Jfcc. — In the highwaye leadingc into the towne hff 
Ncwe parkes by Wadham College and so towardes Smith gale, viz., 
crosse the same high waye just at the ende of St John's College 
watkes, there was a crooked trench made in forme of an home, to 
hinder the entrance of any forces tliat waye &c : About this place, 
and likewise at the place where tltc waye is blocked up at Eastbridge, 
they kepe very strict sentinell ever)* night. — Two wooddcn posts allso 
sett up at Smith gate for a chaine to chaine up the waye. At this 
way" there is every night kept a court of guard. 

Uppon Saturdaye, beinge the so of August 1642. in the afiernoone, 
the schollcrs and pri\iledgcd men, to the number of 400 or (as some 
saye) to the number of 450, repayred againe with their armes to 
Kewe parkes, where llicy were instructed againe in the wordcs of 
commaund & their military postures, and trained up & downe in 
the exercise of armes in a very decent arraye, and no Icssc delightsome 
prospect to behold the forwardncssc of 50 many proper yonge 
gentlemen, so intent docile & pliable to their busincssc, as were then 



' here follciwc<l, but •corrH out, ' ihe 
ume wsy through lla]Ij-wcU(to aroyilc 
Uefldmge dowse of ihc come) and'. 

• i.e. Comniikct Street. 

■ 'New CoU.' substituted for 'AU- 
sonles.' 

* ' AnottcDt ' sobstittitcd Tot ' I1(^i;ek.' 



TVks It mean that * the dnims and 
banner of the Company of Cooks 
(tUrk's Wood's City of Onford, ». 486) 
were Mcd 00 this mwch-ont ' ? 

* ' atone* ' jybslitolcd (or ' pebbles.' 

• ' way ' substituted for * wick^cl).' 



sfi 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



present, and which I heard nowe & then iheir leaders confcsse 4 
acknowledge in the field, as cxcasion served. The weather beinge 
sonieihinf^e unseasonable & wei, Ihey marched towards the eveninge 
from ihcncc, over ihe siile there, up lo St. Giles his church, & so 
tiuwne that waye unto St. John's Coll. ; & from thence to Newe 
Coll. and to other .severaJI Colledges, from whence they had ilieir 
armes, & so they scattered every one to his home for that time. — 
It was cast out. that the townc allso should have trained that daye in 
ihe same phice with the schollers, to the ende that il might have byn 
discerned that the schollers* armes and furniture were not borrowed 
of ihcm, as some had sinncrsterly' suggested; but whether it were for 
fcare of some emulation, or other jealousies that might Xvwc arisen 
betwixt bothe the bodies at that lime beinge in armes, or for some 
other consideration* I knowe not, the townc trained not then at all, 
either there or any where else. 

Thurcsday, being 25 August 1642, they met againe at 8 of the 
clock in the forenoone at Newe parkes, & did as before, and about 
noone ihey left the feild, and marched into the lowne in 8 or 10 
companies, and were all ranked in Newe College Quadrangle, the 
Viccchancellor his Deputie beinge then Dr. Pinke &c. ; and from 
thence they departed every company to iheir scvcrall collcdges. 

August 28, beinge Sunday, 1642: about 12 of the clockc at night, 
certAJne troopers from his Majestic, beinge in number about 150 or 
200, came into Oxford under the conduct of Sir John Biron or 
coloncll IJiron &c. They came from Urackley, where they were 
encountred by other soldiers placed there for the nonce by tlie lord 
Brooke's appoyntment as it was sayd ; & some of them were taken, 
and 2 or 3 alaync, and there iheir sumpter horses with 400//. in 
money and something else that they should ha^-e shewed here was 
taken from them, etc, TTiey came in to Oxford thorough the high 
waye by New parkes, where the trench is by St. John's College wall, 
beinge discovered by the watch or centinell of schollers that lay 
abroad that night, & theire so sudden comminge at that time of 
night, ptit bothc the Univcrsitic & Townc in great fright', nntill it 



' i.e. siniitcrly. 

' Twyne Dotrain themnrgin: — 'sonie 
•ay that the townc was lorbiddcn by 
their barjjcssw to Iminc lea.st they 
shoold seem to doc it for the kinge.' 

' Wood 3;5(i;i l» ' A iTDcrelation of 
the muuier of taklag the carl of Nortb- 
smptoa' Load. [AuguU] 1641. It hu 



tb).4 sentence, under djite 38 Aug. :— 
' Abuiil la a'dcick there came about 
ninescore of them imo 0«forrt, which 
much aPrightcd the lownesmen itisi>- 
mucb that some of Ihcm rctnoTcd to 
AbingtoD for ufety'; or Ibis a note 
bat been written 'alderman John Nizoa 
wu oat {ol thobc who removed^; 



AUG. — SEPT. 1648. 



57 



was knowen on whose part ihcy came, viz. on the kiiigc's part or die 
parlamcnt's. 

The next da>', beinge mundaye (August 29), in the aftemoone the 
Deputy-Vicechancellor, Dr. Pinke, wiih some other heads, and with a 
garti of musketcrs and halbenleers, went from the Schooles toNvard 
the signe of the Starre', to conferre wiili the leader of those troopers 
& 10 see their commission: but the leaders met them allmost at the 
SdKX>le3, and so they all relumed together to the place of con- 
ventinge' by the newe Convocation house, and there they shewed their 
commission" Ac, which what it was I Icnowe not yet.^ — On Munday 
night the court of guard was kept at pennilesse bench at Carfax, and 
the watch was solemnly appointed, & kept that night both by the 
scboUcrs & some troopers &c. 

Tuesdaye (Aug. 30), all daye wett, & noihinge done. 

Wednesdaye, the fast daye. being the last of August, after the 
sermon ended in the aftemoone, the daye beinge fayre, the schol- 
lars repaired to Hewe parkes to exercise Uicmselves in feates of 
armes. 

September.— Thursdaye, i September, the troopers, with some 
schollers amongest them, attempted 10 take up the arch or stone 
biidge called Osney bridge over Osney mill streame, stoppinge that* 
causewaye or caUetum lowarde Boieley, with an intent to set up a 
drawebridge; but the lownc scndinge forth their traine bonds with 
the rest of their freemen thai could bcarc amies, in all to the number 
of about 400 or 500 (as it was supposed) — they were 409 as I was 
told by some of ihcm— to muster tliat daye in the forenoone at 
Rrokenhayes, some of them were sent thither to hinder the pluckinge 
up of the saide bridge, under pretence that it would hinder the 
passage of such as should bringc in viiteJIs that waye in to the towne ; 
whereas the schollers & the troopers would have done it in relation 
to the defence & safcgard of tlie Universliie & towne, A for 
hinderingc the comminge in of cenainc forces tliat waye from 
Abinglon and other places. They had but ncwcly beK:un to worke 
uppon the arch on the west ende or fool of the bridge towardes 
Boictey, when the towncsmen came thither; 6c beinge forbidden to 



Itcnrjr Cartdne, n boolcfiellcr, another ; 
<TE«lw«nl> Colled;; . . . Walker, ■ 
joyncr." 

' now the Clarendon Hotel. 

* qitnere. the Apodyicriam. 

* Wood nole»:~'and (or what id- 
leot tbey cainc^ whitJi caiue shall be 



told : the letter mc (in R^tslru Gm- 
Tocationit) K fol. 7 a ; vide proximain 

• this seems to be Tw)-ne'f writing. 
A latet hitnd, po&iiibly Thoauu Rawlin*', 
hAx inked it orei to make it reiid 'mill, 
to sa.\z stopping the.' 




IVOOffS LIFE AND TIMES. 



proceede any funher, they desisted A parted avrayc quietly : and the 
rather because that mailer was altcmpled, bothe the Universirie & 
ihe towne beingc not made acquaynted therewith, alUhough it be well 
Itnowne that neither St. Thomas parish nor that bridge is within the 
towne liberties, &c. — That daye allso in ilie aftemoone there was a 
Convocation; wherein were red' s letters* from his majestic: tlw 
one, whereby his majestie was pleased to retume thankes to the 
Universitie for iheir loane of money to him, which letter (1 thinke) is 
printed: the other was to stgnifie that his majestie had nowe sent a 
Iroope of horsemen, under the conduct of Sir John Biron, for defence 
of Uic Universitie. Sec. And the Universilic's letter of thankes againe 
to his majestie, was there red', and directed to his majestic. — There 
was allso a Delegation* then appoynted, to order all thinges that was 
to be done on the Universiiie's behalfe in joyninge with the troopers, 
for the findinge of maintenance for them duiingc their abode here, 
and for providingc of armes, and the like, for the safetie of the 
Universitie &c. — The Unirersitie's militia allso repaired tlicn to Newc 
parkes; where Sir John Biron, with his Icifetenants & other 
ofBcers', had a veiwe of the schollers' forces & armes: but they 
trained not, and about 6 of the clockc ihey left the feild, and 
& marched to Ne^-e College Quadrangle, where tliey were ordered 
& ranked into a bodie; and so they broke up & were dismissed, 
every company marchingc home to their scvcrall Collcdgea, &c.— 
That dayc allso it was reported that uppon the kinge's sendingc of 
about 500 troopers on Wednesday to Ailcsburj*, where were billeted 
a great company of soldiers by the parlament's appointment, who 
should have come to Oxford, but (beinge all unarmed) were by the 
supposed comminge of thobc troopers all scattered, and their leader 
^colonel Arthur) Godw)*n had much adooe to scape & came to the 
lord Wenman's' house at Tame or thereabouts for succour, as it was 
then noyscd &c. — how true, I knowe not'. 

Friday, 2 September, nothinge done in publikc : but the schollers 
exercised themselves at home in their private Colledges, as Christ 
Church & Corp. Xii together in Christ Church Quadrangle &c. 



* corrected by KjivIuu* ;?) hand to 

" Wood init« in maiiKia : — ' vide \a 
(Kcf^tro Convocattonis) S fol. 7, Mc ; 
vide Acta.' 

' corr., ta before, to ' re«d.' 

* T*yne notes in maTgin : — • This 



wu called Tie CeuHttU ef IVarrt* 

• Twync note* m nmr)^ ; — * There 
wfts xllao the lord of Andovcr.' 

* Thomu Wenmui lecood viscount 
Wciitnso. 

' Twync niAts in rnaT(;in :— ' Tbis 
proved but a talc, u many ollicn.' 



SEPTEMBER, 1642. 



59 



arrowes provided' & loo archers, aU schollers, to shoot 
against the troopers if any should come. 

Friday, 9 September, the Universitie was informed Uiat, nolwith- 
slandingc all the faire pretences which ihc lownesmen made of 
jo)Tiinge with the Uniwrsitie and the kinge's troopers in defence 
of tlie lowne & Universitie, yet nowe they were altered and had made 
meanes to informc the parliament that whatsoever they had done 
in semblance to take part with the kinge against the parliament's 
forces it was all at the solticitation and instigation of the Universitie 
more then of their ownc proper inclination, & so fell to deprecate 
for themselves to the parliament. It was allso reported that the 
parlaraent had a purpose to send forces iramcdiately against the 
kinge's troopers here & against the Universitie for reccivinge them, 
and had voted against the Universitie in their houses conccminge iJial 
bnsinesse, &c. Where uppon the Universitie perccivinge that the 
towne would flinch from them, began to thinke of some other course 
A to dispatch awaye the kinge's troopers, & directed certaine Masters 
to repaire to Ailebbury to spcakc with llic lord Say ' & and others 
tliat layc there, with forces prepared (as it was conceived) for Oxford, 
to excuse themselves. & that ihey had nowe laide downe their armes 
& dismissed the uoopcrs &c. But the lord Saye was not there, and 
those commanders that were there returned sharpc answers about 
deraaundinge of them* Doctors delinquents*, &c. 

And so, uppon Saturdayc in the aftemoonc September lo, Sir 
John Byron with all his troopers, went out of Oxford &c. There 
went forth with him diverse schollers voloniers*; and by name 3 Drs. 
viz. Dr. <Peicr) Turner of Mcrton College; Dr. <John> Nurse* of 



' Wood Adds to nwigin a reCeience 
lo 'S. p. j6.' 

* Vi'illtitn FicQQcs, first Tbcou&t 
Sayc And Sele. 

' the word is niicrrtain, haTUtg been 
doctored by a later hand. 

' Twync add» in Ihc margin : — 
' UppoD which nnswen Dr. (Robert) 
Pinkc, then Deputy- Vicccanccllor, re- 
jiayred thither himselfe, to deprecate 
iC't htmielfc ; and was there taken a» 
a drliiK|uent, and sent to London to the 
parliament, and by thetn committed to 
the GatehoQK.' 

' corrected by x tater hand lo ' volon- 
leers.' Twytw adHk in the margio :— 
' When they came lo Wot>dslocicc they 



w(^re enforraed that Mr. Fynes, ODe of 
my lord Saye's mas, with a troope of 
borgemen wayelayed them about ChJp- 
ping-Narton, WTiexctippon they hired 
a guide at Wodstock to have tbem 
another way, which guide was taken at 
Easomc* (the word is nncertain, havinj; 
been doctored u before) 'and well 
whipped naked for his paioes.' 
Nathaniel aixl John Fiennea, lord 
Saye's and and 3rd sons, were both 
coloQcli in the parliamentary army. 

* Dr. NonrK fell at tdgehill : see 
RcY. H. A. WiUon'i Majjdalca College 
in T%e CcUtgti ef Oxford (M«tbuen, 
1891) p. 346, 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



I 
I 



Magdalen, a civill lawyer; & Dr. (Thomas) Rcdc ofKewe College, 
another civill lawyer. It is saidc thai at S:owe-in-lhe-wolH, as they 
were in tlicir journey lowardc the kingc, they were set upipon by the 
cuntrj- & lost la of their men; and, as some saye, Sir John Byron 
htmsclfe was Hiaync : but of this there is no ceruinetie as yet [&' nowt* 
it is knownc to be false: but Dr. (Peter) Turner was taken piisoncr 
at that combatt ft brought backc to Banbury, and from thence re- 
moved nowe to Norlhamplon gaole, & alt tliat he left here at Oxford 
plundrcd; as Dr. (John) Nurse's goods allso &c.] 

Uppon Munday la Sepieml)er 1642, about 10 of clocke in the 
momtnge, there came into Oxford from Aylesbury-ward a great many 
of tlie parlamentary troopers, conducted by colonell (Arthur) God- 
wyn, ft one captayne Saunders and the lord Wcnman, as I heard ; to 
be billettcd here in Oxford, for howc longe I tnowe not, or durante 
be/upladto. Colonell Godwyn was lodged ai Merton College & other 
captaynes with him, the residue were scattered about the towne, and 
in all the villages round about the towne there were of tbcni lodged 
everywhere. They sent for ihe mayor of llic lownc to Eastbridge 
(by Magdalen College) where ihey cntred in ; before whom they red 
their commission from the 2 houses and my lord of Essex their 
generall, and so Ihey were Ictt in by 50 at a time. 

Uppon Tuesdayc 13 September, they seemed as if they would ride 
forth out of the towne againe : and were all horsed : but then at 
length, word came to the contrary, & so ihcy stayed : and that aftcr- 
noone they mustered themselves in the fields or meadowes at the 
preachinge fryers out of Little South gate : and returninge to the 
towne, they put all their horses for that nighi into Christ-church 
mcadowe. Many of them came into Christ Church (for nowe all the 
Colledge gales, which before were shult, were nowe opened) to veiwe 
the church and paynted windowes, much admiringe at the idolatry 
thereof; and a ccrtalne Scot bcingc amongest lliem, saide ihat 'he 
marvayled howe tlic schollers could goe to their bukes for those 
painted idolatrous wyndowcs': hut at that lime there M-as no %'iolence 
offered 10 any thinge. — Tuesdaye night there was a great hubbub, 
as if there were some of tlic kingc's forces, \iz. Prince Rupcrtc's, 
comminge to the towne, when indeed lliey were another troopc of 
more parlamentary soldiers from Banbury-sidc, and il was saidc ihat 
the lord Say would come in to the towne with more company thai 
night, or else uppon Wednesdaye. 

Uppon Wednesdaye (14 Sept.), the parlamentary troopers that 

' Uk words in yjuuc biaiJteU aic a lalcr atlditton by Twjnc. 




SEPTEMBER, 1643. 



6x 



came in to Oxford on ihe Munday moniinge were conducted awaye 
out of the lowne by ihcir governours about noonc ; and ihose that 
came in last into Oxford, viz. on Tuesdaye night from Canbury-side, 
about eight score or 200 in number, went out of Oxford allso at 
Fjistgatc, to meet with the lord Sayc, the ncwc Lord Leiutenaiit of 
Oxfordshire' by the parlament's authoritie, and brought him to the 
lowTw about s of the clocke in the eveninge, where he layc at the 
signe of the Starre, he comminge into the towne in a coach of 6 
burses : and in comminge, gave order that the workes & trenches 
V'hidi the schollers had made crosse the high wayes about the lownc 
should be demolislicd. — That night, sometliinge laic, wth his guard 
of sokliorSf & with torches, he ' went to Newe Coliedge to search 
there for plate and armes, and allso to Queen's College where there 
was a guard of soldiers scU all night, not suflering any one to 
goe out. 

On Thuresdays mominge {15 Sept.), the said lord with liis guard 
went to Magdalen College uppon die like businessc; and that mom- 
inge a drumme went up & downe the towne, for volontcrs' to serve 
the kinge & the parliament under the lord Sl Johns* ft captainc 
. . .'. Magdclcn college, Mcrton college, Corp: Xli, Christchurch, 
disarmed ; ihe deane's * truncks, which he had conveyed to M™* 
Weekes' house in St. Kbl>e's, found out & discovered, & carried 
up to the lord Saye's lodginge at the signe of the Starre, in a cart 
guarded widi musketers; Dr. (Tliomas) lies his backe gate toward 
the street guarded likewise with 2 musketers lest anythtngc should 
goe out that waye, Ac. ; a guanl of musketers left in the great gate 
all night, and at every doore towards the Quadrangle a musketer. — 
Thai night they founde out Christchurch plate hid in walles behindc 
waincscote & in the seller. It was carrictl aw^ye in the night time 



* William Ficnnc? first vUcoant Saye 
WM snbttitated for Tbomu Howard 
fint earl of Berkshire in th« lard 
licutcnanc]' of Oxford ia Angoit 164a. 
LonI Reik).)iire wa& imprisoDed for liU 
■ctinljr as hrsd of lh<^ kinj^'s Commiv- 
»ioo of Amy. Of bim Wood says In 
Wood MS. D 90 :— ' Tbomu Howvd 
eul of Berks <£ed 16 Jnty 16&9 snao 
nelntis 90 or ihereabouFs. V'ou do not ' 
^be refers to PogiUIc'a Barwinge H 
380 b) ' mention hi& (.teat sufTcring for 
the king*! cADsc : bh golnc poor ind 
bare aU ibc brok'O times, and bad it 



not t>een for bis ribbaii would bavp been 
vcric •fnpicabtc, beboldttig to a freind 
for a pint of sock 01 meal's meal.* 

■ Wood notes : — ' be, ibe said lorrl 
Say." 

* corrected by a later hand to 
' volunlcen,' 

* OUtct St John (eldest ton of 
OUvET Sl John earl of Bolir^broke) 
was called to the Lords in bis father's 
barony iif .*^t. John, 14 Majr 164I. 

« bJank in MS. 

* Vt. Samuel Fell, dnn ofCh. Ch. 



(3 



WOOrfS IJFE AND TIMES. 



in a great cowlc* betwixt a men to my lord's lodginge at the Starrc. 
— That daye al noone allso there came into lowne another regiment 
of horses, but from whence, or who they were, I cannot ycl Icame. — 
That night allso Mr. Thomas Smith's bouse was searched by the 
soldiers, for munition, armcs, plate & rcadie coinc, either of his owne, 
or schollcrs* there hidden ' : allso Mr. Tudball's house at Henxcy 
was plundred by the soldiers, but nothinge taken awaye except 
armcs. 

Friday <i6 Sept.) about 4 a clocke in the afternoone the towne 
shewed their annes, and mustered a wliilc before his lordship in 
Brokcnhayes. — Mr. (Humphrey) Floyd' of Oriel! College kept as 
prisoner * at the Starre, for some wordes uttered by him to this effect 
that 'if he were able he had rather lend the kinge a thousand pound 
then one penny to the parlamcnt.' Mr. (William) Cartwrighl and 
Mr. (William) Stute^-j-le & Mr. (John) Castilion of Chrisichurch 
imprisoned likewise for uneringe of some wordes, &c., but especially 
for trayninge at the Universitie's musters. 

Satuiday (17 SepL) beinge market day, there happened a muskctt 
to be discharged from a barber's shoppe allmost over against the 
sign of the Bcare", the bullett pearcinge thorough one of the butcher's 
Stalles', and so thorough a wall of the Beare chambers, and hit a 
woaman in the legge &c. At this the lord Say was much taken, 
in regard that 2 or 3 schollcrs were found to be there in tlic barber's 
shoppe, tc one captaine Staggars, whome the schollcrs much distasted, 
lave at that inne of the signe of the Beare over against that shoppe. 
The schollcrs were examined by my lord, and sent to prison, &c. 
And about 4 or 5 of the clocke in the eveninge, his lordship tooke 
coach & went to Banbury to his house thereabouts &c. 

Uppon Sunday (18 Sept.) there was a sermon in the forenoone 
at St Marie's, where there was no Dr but only 2 Doctors of Physicke, 
Dr. (John) Banbridge and Dr (John) Sanders; & very small thin 
company of schollcrs, &c. 

Monday, 19 September^ 1642* his lordship relumed againe to 



' a larj^ wooden tub carried on s pole 

* Twyne notes in the mugiii :— 
'There w« UnmrBilic College plate 
found.' 

' Hnrnphrey Tloyti. fcltow of Oriel. 

• Twyncnotcsin ihcmar^n: — 'ThesB 
were alterwatds rclcaied uppon 300/1*, 
tiaile a |x-ke taken for Iticm and tlint 
tlteyshonlii not conic to ihc tTnivensilic 

■ Older from oiy lord S»i 



" see Clark's Wood'i City of Oxford. 
i. 149 nr>te 8. 

* ' boolhc ' written oter, pcihnps as a 
correction of 'stalles,' For Ihc meat- 
market on Wcdn. and Sat. in Ihr Hicli 
Street at Oxford, we Clark's Wood's 
City of Oxford, i 4S3. 

» in MS. it is * Sunday, 18 September/ 
bat corrected by Wood to ' Munday, 
19 September.* 



Oiford about dinner time; and in the aflemoone, he caused diverse 
popish bookcs & pictures, which had byn taken out of churches & 
papist's houses here and abroad, lo be burned in the street over 
against the signe of the Starre where his lordship laye, and in some 
other places. — ISIundityo toward the cveninge, one Sir Robert Pie, 
a Baikshire knight, come in lo llie townt; with a fcwe horsemen of his 
owne well appoyntcd, but whether he Rtaide in the towne or no all 
night (and my lord Sayc allso) I could not heart* ; for uppon a bruit 
cast out that prince Robert ' was comminge toward the lowne with 
a great power, it was said that both his lordship and Sir Robert Pic 
were gone, or intended to goc, out of the towne. — That daye was the 
choice of the towne mayor, alderman {John) Nixon beinge sett up 
by my lord Say {as it was reported) to stand for the place. Hut 
comminge forth lo the commons wiih Mr. ^Tliomas) Ikiinis the 
mcTccr, the commons made cl:oice of Dennis niihcr then of him, 
because at the comminge in of the kinge's troopers he fled' to 
Abingdon and left his owne towne, and ' they would have a mayor that 
should not flie out of the towne if occasion served ' &c. 

Tuesdaye <2c Sept.), most of the soldiers (or I thinkc all of lliem) 
went out of the towne and departed severally, some one wayc & 
others another way in severall companies. The Lundon troopers 
went out al)out noone; and as they came abnge downe the high 
strecte, Mr. mayor * presented them with wyne at his doorc freely ; 
and iKLSsinge by St Marie's church, one of them discharged a brace 
of bullctts at the stone image of our lady over the Church porch, and 
at one shott strooke of her hed * and the hed of her child which 
she held in her right arme; another discharged at the image of 
our Saviour, over All Soulcs gate, and would have defaced all the 
worke Uiere, had it not byn for some lownesmen (amoiigesl whom, they 
saye, Mr. alderman Nixon was one) who entreated them to forbeare ; 
ihey replienge tliat they had not byn so well enlertayned here at 
Oxford as ihey expected &c. — All the arms & munition which 
the lord Say had taken au'a>% from the schollers, together with 
Christchurch plate A: none else (savinge Dr. (Samuel) Fell's plate 
token in his irunke at Mr** Weekes' house) the said lord carried 
awayc with him to his house iicare Banbury. And it was reported, 
that he would not Iiave taken awaye that colledge plate more then 
any other, if it had not byn hidden at the lirst : for no other colledge 



• te. 'Ropen.' Twyne sometiincs 
gires ' Kapcrt,' bat gearnilly ' Robctl.' 
^ MC note 3, p. 56. 



* Leonard Bowman, the otttEoing 
mayor. 

* 'heft,'eon«clet],lAler,to*heiid.' 



64 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TTMES, 



was taken away (except Univcreitic college plate) but given backe 
againe uppon condition it should be forth comniiiige at the parla- 
ment's appoyntmcnl, and not imploicd at tlic Ica^l against tlie 
parliament. 

Thurscday, 22 September, there came into Oxford, about foore 
of the clocke in the aftemoone, a foot regiment of blewe coate 
soldiers, in number about 450, from Tame or Aylesbury, but originally 
from Lundon and beyond Lundon allbo, as it is supposed; the com- 
maundcrs most of them very likely and proper men; but most of the 
company very younge & but mcanely appcrrelled and very unexpcrt 
in tlieir armes. About the very same time allso came in the lord 
Saye againe into the towne; about what, it is not thought, unlcsse 
nppoE some newe commission from l3ie parlament, or for the seitlinge 
of the militia over all the countic, or, as some say, to restraync tliosc 
footmen soldiers from pillaginge, &c. 

Friday (23 Sept.) in the afternoone all these footmen soldiers that 
came in last were mustered in Newe parkcs, where they appeared 
very untraclable & undocile in their postures ; and be>ides, lltey 
began to mulinie amongc themselves and against Ihcir commaundcrs, 
sayinge that they were promised 51. by the moncth for every man 
as a reward besides his daily paye at their first seilinge forth, and 
nowe the moneth was out, and they would have that which was 
promised them, or e]se they would doe no more service nor muster, 
&C. The lord Saye being tlicn in towne, was faine to come amongest 
them, and pacific them as well as he could for the present, and sent 
some of the mutiners to prison. — That daye in the eveninge allso, the 
lord Saye went to Newe College and searched Dr Pinke his studdy, 
lakinge out some papers from thence ; & in the lodginge one of 
my lord's men brake downc Uic kingc's picture that stood there, 
made of alablaster & gilt over; for which my lord was much dis- 
pleased, &c. 

Saturday (Sept. 24) in the forenoonc the lord Saye sent for so 
many heds^ of houses as were then in the Univcrside and their 
deputies of such as were absent, to come to him to the signe of the 
Siarre, where he had a great conference with them about setllingc the 
peace and quiet of the Universitic, which (he said) they had so much 
broken that they had nowe left, no face of a Univcrsitic, by takinge up 
annes and the like courses, and to acquaint thc-m that unlcsse they 
could assure him of the quiel and peace of tlie Universitie for the 



* ' hfidg,* corr. to ' heads.' 



SEPTEyfBER, 1642. 



65 



time to come, he was minded to place a garrison of soldiers here to 
awe bothe ihe Univcrsitic & the Iowdc, &c. To which it was 
answered by some there present that they hoped there would be no 
need of any such garrison, seinge that the Universitic was enabled 
well enough to govern their ownc boclici &c. Then my lord required to 
be assured that they should not send for any other forces, and that if 
any did come they should oppose ihem. To which it was replied by 
some of the scbollcrs thai they were not able 10 make any resistance, 
seinge that his lordship had disarmed all the Universitie and taken 
awayc their armes from them &c. Then principall Rogers' stood up 
and pleaded for a garrison to be placed here, in regard of the townes- 
men's insolencie here, that honest men could not passe alonge the 
streets but they are called Roundheds by them, &c. And so after 
some time spent to & fro in this kinde of doubtc* about the 
garrison and the like passages, they broke of toward dinner time, 
without any resolution about any thinge at all.— In the afiernoone 
that daye my lord was imploied about the mutiners' dcmaunds, and 
to such a passe they came that he would have taken away the 
soldiers' armes from th<;m and dismissed them, sayengc that he cared 
not for their heEpc, and bid them begone. They protestinge againe 
that they would have the paye which was first promised to them and 
would not be dismissed unlesse they had their armes alonge with 
them ; otherwise they would staye here still, &c. And after some 
contestation about this businessc, tlic lord Saye, toward the eveninge, 
tooke coach, and went home toward Banbury, to his owne house 
called llroughton. 'Twas said that his lordship's minde was that 
these ptdilts should be for Ireland, & were appoynted to take their 
n-ayc from Oxford to Uurford, &c. And because they were refractory 
to his lordship and would not goe out of Oxford at his appointment, 
therefore he gave order that the Collcdges' gates should be shult 
against them, and they not suffered to come In, &c. 

Uppon Sunday {35 Sept.) there was a bruil here raysed that my 
lord Sayc liis house by Banburj- was bcsctt by Sir John BjTon, and 
that prince Robert was commingc ; whereuppon, in the afternoone, 
all the troopers that were then in Oxford made speed to be gone 
toward Banbury, and went awaye that aftemoonc to my lord's house 
as it was saide, as beinge sent for by my lord to come & succour 
bim, &c. But what the truth of that businesse was, I knowe not. 



' ChiiatopheT Rogen, principal of New tna Hall. 
' 'detMie,' altered lo ' double* 



65 



WOOlfS LIFE AND TTSfES. 



They sate 3 or 4 houres on hors^cbackc against the signe of the 
Starre, and went not fonh till 7 of the clockc &c. 

Mundaye (26 Sept.) all the pediUs, or footmen blewe coates, de- 
parted out of ihe lowne (very unwillitigly, as it seemes) : but whither, 
1 could not learne : toward llic kipge, and their gcnerall, I suppose. 

Tuesday (27 Scpi.) in the evcningc, came in many more ptdiks of 
my lord Brookes his regiment (as it was saide) and the lord 
Grantham's". There were 8 or 10 auntients of them of a purple 
cullour, wiili the armcs of England, and 7 starres in the feild. Kvcry 
aunlicnt had an hundred men under it, and (here had come in 6 
hundred before in the forenoone and more ; so that there lay in the 
towne that night about 3000 soldiers.— This day the lowne trayne 
band went to Tame, where, at tlic lord Saye's appointment, all the 
trained bands of Oxfordshire mett. 

Wednesday (28 Sept.) the fast daye, most of them' departed to 
Woddestocke. In the afternoone Jacke and Matthew Richardson of 
Granpoole were apprehended in a most violent manner by the 
soldiers that were left, for uttcringe ccrtainc wordes to this effect that 
' they should sayc a poxt of all Round heds^ thai goe to fight against 
the kinge ' &c. They were drawne with haliers up to Yeild* haJI, 
from whence after some examination, they were had to Bocardo 
prison. There was great meanes used to Sir John Peto, beinge here 
present (as conducler of the parlameiit soldiers) for their releasemcnt 
by reason of Iheir aged parents; but when Mr. {Stephen) Bridges, 
the phisition, came to him, to the signe of the Starre, to intercede for 
them, Sir John Peio told him in a rough manner (as he said) that the 
Universitie had forefeyted all their estate by their late doeingcs and 
takinge up amies, &c.; and that there was neither religion, honesty, 
nor goodnesse in ilie Univcrsitie, &c. j and that he would cary away 
one of them (viz. the elder, Jackc Richardson) and make him an 
example &c. But when he went with his soldiers out of the towne, 
he caused them both to be bound, and put into a cart, and carried 
them awayebothe oflhem', and this was uppon (29 Sept.) Michaelmas 
daye.^ — Uppon which daye allso in the afternoone, there came into 
Oxford another company of parlamemary ptditis, to the number of 
sixteene hundred, goeinge toward Worster to their general]. 

'Robert Ofevillr, wcoiid baron • i.e. the Gild hall. 

Brooltc ' L(tnl ' GnULtham is 1 slip for • Twynu notes in the margin : — 

'colonel' Granthani. ' Matthew was released at Wolrercote, 

• i.e. thesoldicn. bnt Jacke was carried lo Wodstoke and 

* 'hcd*' corrected to 'beads,' as there whipped thoroogti the legimeat 
above. iuid so diintiatcd.' 



SEPT, — OCT. 1642. 



(57 



Fridaye (30 Sept.) in the afternoone, many of the soldiers fell ont 
amongcsl themselves, and fought wiih their naked swordes one with 
another in the high strete' at Carfoxe & about the Siarre, some 
havinge ibeir thumbcs cut of, and some iheir fingers. The quarrel) 
arose amongcst some of them bcingc in drlnkc, A castingc out 
wordes to this puniose, that * when Ihey came to fight, if it were 
against the kinge, they would take hi» part rather then fight against 
him,' &c. — as the common report was. The quarrcll was betwixt 
the blcwe coaces & russctt coates and their capiaines, &c. 

Octobor. Sunday (a Oct.) about noone, the blcwc coales 
marched out of the towne toward Woodslocke, the nissett coates 
stayd bcliind ; the captaincs fearinge lo have them out together, lest 
ihey should fall out againe uppon the former quarrell, Ac. 

Monday (3 Oct.) the russett coates departed out of the loft-ne 
about noone : but many bothe of the blewe coates and russet coates 
were missinge at the time of their departure ; ibe captainea & 
constabtcii gocingc up Sc downc the towne to scckc them : many of 
them havinge flange awayc their armes, and ran awaye, &c. — That 
night a great company of troopers, beinge dragoners, went thorough 
Islep toward Worceter and to the carle of Essex his armie : and about 
sUe or seven score of the best sort of them came to Oxford & laye 
there, very well horsed, armed, and appoynlcd, &c., and departed the 
next dayc after the rest of their company. 

After that time there came no remarkable number of soldiers 
thorough Oxford, except one or two driblinge companies of 60 or an 
100 at a time once or twice &c. and therefore I forbeared the notinge 
ibercof. 

Saturday, Sunday & Munday, beeingc the 22. 23, & 24 of 
October, two or three great fights betwixt the kinge's forces & the 
earle of Essex or parlamont forces, about Byfeild not farre from 
Banbury — at Edgehill by EdgccotC- 

The towne of Oxford beinge nowe pretty well quilted of any more 
entercour.se of soldiers repairingc to the carle of Essex his army at 
Worcester, and the Univcrsitie beinge disarmed by the lord Saye. our 
townesmen began to fortifie the towne, setiinge up posts and chaines 
at every gale & posterne, in the moneth of October 164a, Mr. 
Dennis the mercer beinge ilion mayor; and this (as it was reported) 
to keepe out prince Robert, the kinge's ncphcwc, and the kinge's 
forces. 

AdvmUu rtgis Oxoniam: October 29, 1643, beinge Saturday, the 

* 'itrcte,* con-., M above, to 'itreete.* 
F 2 



WOO0S UFE A\D TIMES. 






Kofaen, * 



ETC faOelki ■ A ibaitf Gbdbd. Throne m tfaor 

HK^ HlD BE lOSMC^ VJB WIOMt tO IV JO CIB^BI bVBC bOBiB 
VHCB B^ nd lUBB M BC WMQt bMMB flf E^gCflfl frOM OB 

f» facxa, viacfa ^k^ lad m^iiAed ^poa SaaAij. the ±3 
iiOeuktr^—ThK mayor aad niiwa tiw B tJ ihawtm 10 ' ' 
wmftttcM FesBflcMc bCBC^ nd ptoealed Ihi sIhi viA babi 

I9I Boaej', M I hcsnL— ibe onSanKe A gictf {W were dn 

iMo Kagdifeo ooB^e pvre, 2bom a6 ot rj peice^ «idi al tfaorj 

t i Miimfc — Ai Chxiittterdi ifae Unmnkie stood 10 ■ Jm a c fab 

■^mk. Dr. <R>dun3> GarSna preboid of C Ui n J—iA 

a tpeecfa' to fab majoCie, as Dr. (WtSam) Strode ifae caaoifm\ 

depotir. 

t^pos Hoodajt (31 Ocl} the lunge's bora enm or tn xyera and 
dra go wf i came ifanx^fa Oxford, a very great maoy of dien, m all 
abooi 4000; aad nurcfaed lovaid Aba^;toa, sofci^ not in Oxford 
at an*.] 

*OcL 33, SiL, the great figfa: al Edgfaill in Warvicksfaixe, caUed 
Kcjnlon- battle, b et w een the annies cf King Cbaries I and faia 
parUamenl was begaiL — L'pon the fitat newes* at Oxon that the 
annfea were going to fight, Mr. Wood's eldest brother Thomas before 
mention'd left hts gowne at the town's-end ; ran to £dghtll ; (fid bis 
majettie good service ; rettini'd on bone-back weQ accoontred ; aitd 
afterwards was made an officer in the king's army. See more in 
* Atbenac et Fasti Oxon' (written bj A. Wood) lib. 2 p. 692. 

•Oct- 29, S., liie king with his army of foot, prince Rupert 
and prince Maurice (his two nephews), prince Charles and Jame» 
duke of York (his two sons), cntred into Oxoil 



' Wood Dotei in the toArgin : — 
'Printed, tec.' 

* bete cod» the fint extract from 
Twynu'* ' Mnslrringt.' 

■ u trpnla ihc »lowncw or rapicUty 
of new* in ihotc Cty*, I tnny [rin bete 
ft note by Rct. R. ijt. Jolu Tyrwhit! of 
Ch, Ch. : — ' Wtioi one r«tnemlieTs the 
•Etrtonliairy performance of Anbroiie 
Roolcwood'a tXitd In the Powiler IMot, 
ajid again, aa we ounelve* penoiulljr 



do, that the present Sir Drury Wake of 
Ch. Ch. gall<q)ed the distance from 
Oxford to the Marble Arch and bade 
in a day of it honrs (widl u ^Dod 
bnt oadittingaiihed Oxford hacks of 
the period) and ihoo^l nothing of it, 
we think thjit leading mm in Oxford 
may haTC been very rapidly supplied 
with newt in 1641 ; particuliuly as the 
wide extent of open country nod soft- 
going allowed 10 great a rale of apecd.' 



OCT. — NOV. 1642. 



69 



November. — * Nov. ; his father's house opposite to McrtoD CoIL' 
was taken up for the quancrs of John lord Colepeper', Master of the 
Rolls, and of the privic councill to his majestic ; whereupon Mr. 
Wood's father with his familie removed to a little house iii his 
backside, which he about 2 or 3 jeares before bad new built'. 

'About the same time his majestic caused his magazine to be put 
into New colkge cloisler and lower &c. Whereupon the master of 
the school there, with his scholars (among whome A. Wood was one) 
were reniowd to the choristers' chamber at the east end of the 
common hall of the said Coll. It was then a dark nasty room and 
very unfit for such a purpose, which made the scholars often com- 
plaine, but in vainc. 

[This* yeare, Oxford was garrisoned for the king. The scholars 
^were) put (out) of their colleges : and those that remained bore 
armes for the king in the garrison.] 

[Tuesday * ( i Nov.) was All hoUan daye. — Upon all HoUan daye in 
the afternoone their was a Convocation*, where llic yongc prince was 
incorporated Muster of Arts^ and liis brother the duke ofYorke was 



' ' My father's house . . . wherein I 
wu borne,' in the Hftrl, MS. 

' Sir Jotm Colepeper, Privy Cooncil- 
lor a Jan. i6^\; Muter of the Rolls 
18 Jan. 164} ; created buon Colepeper 
of Thoresway ai Oct. 1644. Wood 
811 ('The Psalter of David, with titles 
and eollects according to the matter of 
each PsalEDC,' Oiford 1644) U a sod- 
TOitr of lord Colepepcr's ktay Id the 
bouse of the Woods. Wood has 
written in it this note : — ' Sir John Cul- 
peper, kaight, then lodging in nty 
notber'i bouse against Mcrton Coll., 
Chriitopber lord Hattoo then in Oxoo 
tent bim this hooke, which after Cnl- 
peper's departure came into the hands 
of my brother Edward Wood. These 
paaltiica witli the derotiona at the end 
were collected and publinhed by 
Chriito])hcr loid Hattoa ; but written 
by Dr. JcmnJah Taylor of Alls. Coll.' 
More than oiic incmber of the Wood 
finnily Mcms to hare laid claim to the 
pOMGHloo of this derelict book, and to 
have written m it tbeir EUtme to SDt>- 
atantiate the cIoIid: ttcoutaiiifithcaulu- 
giaphs of ' Mwy Wuud ' the niolher 
and uT the three elder sons, ' Tbonins 
Wood * ' Edward Wood ' ' Anthony 



Wood,' It Dontalos also lord Itatton's 
autograph, the s^atarc to which is 
partly Wotli-d out: — 'For my noble and 
much honored fri-nd S"" John Cnlpeper, 
Kt., Master of the Rolls ; from yoor 
affectionate and obltf^d servant Christo- 
pher Halton : 7* Mail 1644.' 

* Tllis house was afterwards let by 
the family to Thomas Bumham. In 
Wood MS. E 33 arc thL-»c tnlrte*: — 
* 1647, Dec 16, John Uumham, son of 
Thomas Bomham and Joanc Potter bis 
wife, was borne in the house of Mris 
& Wood in her backside .... 1654, 
Nov, 3, Thomas numhain, son of 
Thomas Bnmham, vrai bonie in the 
backside hoiuc of Mris. i \N'ood.' 

• Wood's note In MS. Taon. 456 foU 
iWh. 

* Twyne's ' Musterings,' as before 
see note p, 53. 

• Wood notes in (be margin : — 'vide 
^kcg. Convoc.) S fol. II, and papers.' 

' on 1] March 164^ as the king oad 
his train passed throiij;h Cambridge 00 
bis way from Newmarlcct to YoHc, 
priccc Charles had been created ftf.A. 
Rt Cambridgr: see Hnmc's MS. Col- 
lections, vol, 1 36 p, 88. 



JO 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



created Mr. of Art : divers others allso were created graduats in all 
faculties &C. : and the next daye allso ^2 Nov.^, others were created. 

Wednesday {2 Nov.), all the footc men marched out of Oxford to 
Abington, and so toward Henly uppon Thames: but in ihoir i>a5sage, 
& within a niilc of Abington, iliere was one Ulake, n groome of the 
kingc'a bedchamber, hanged on a tree' for treason agaiitst the kinge ; 
he slioiJd have betrayed the kingc and his 2 suns to the earic of 
Essex .It one Sir Robert Fisher's house, &c. 

Thurseday <3 Nov.) the hinge's majestic, with all his followers & 
the younge prince and duke of Yorke, departed from Oxford in the 
mominge, toward Henly on the Thames and so 10 Rcdinge, and 
a great troopc of horses and dragoners followed him, as his guard as 
1 ihinke. The earlca of Dorset' & Bristoll" a^nd the lord Andover*, 
with some other lords, \*iz. the lord Dighy', with a troope of horsemen 
and dragoners were left here at Oxford for the defence of the 
Universitie and towne. 

Uppon Fridaye (4 Nov.), about noone, there was a false alarum 
here in Oxford llial the earlc of Essex with his army was comingc 
within 4 mile of tlie towne, and in the aflcrnoone the lord Digbie's 
regiment aforesaide went out of the lowne into the feilds nortliward (o 
musier and veiwe their company. — That eveninge allso aboLt 4 or 5 
of the clocke, the towne was disarmed, and a cart loade of musketts, 
and another carl loade of powder and sholt, bcinge loaded out of 
Yedd hall*, were carried to the Schooles, and lodged En the upper- 
roost roome of llie Schoole Tower by such as the kinge 's counQell of 
wane had appoyntcd, &c. 

Saturday, 5 November, the trayned men of Oxford shire, brought 
in their arraes at his majestie's appointment before the lords that were 
left here in Oxford, and shewed them at Bullington greene in the 
aftcrnoone, horse & fooie, and after they had shewed tliem, they 
were told by the lords that either Uiey were to serve the kinge in their 
owne persons in his warres, or else to ycild up their weapons & 
armes; and so they yeilded up their armes, and thereby were 

* Charl«Ilow«nl,viacountAnc!o'rcr, 
SOD of Tbomu Howard, Cint cail of 
BeikHhire. 

> George I>ij;t>y, elder tea of tbe eirl 
of Bristol. 

• [Jianged to ' Guild hall ' by % Inter 
blind. \\'ood alto spells it' Yeitd* ball; 
seeClaik'ftWood'tCity ofOzford.i. 154 
oDte a (e). 



' Hcame notes : ' Tbc oak od which 
he was banged is still (17.1^3) standing 
and is called by ihi- \v:ma<A Blaki i&ak' 
For the detnits of tl)r ti<ra»an Henme 
cites Sir Roger Mnnlry's History of llic 
Kebcllions in t^igland etc, 1<n>i, $vo, 
p. 49. 

* Edward Sackrille, focrth earl of 

DotMt 

■ John Difiby, fint ctrl of Brbtol. 



NOVEMBER, 1642. 



7» 



disarmed, and their amies were conveyed to Christchurch, and put 
into a chamber there in Pccwatcr's Innc : their horses allso were 
either then taken from ihem for the kioge's use, or else they were 
cnjoyned to lia\'(; Ihcm fortli commingc for his majesUe's use, when 
they should be sent for. 

Wedncsdaye followinge {9 Nov.), there went out of Oxford 5 
regiments of horsemen towarde Redinge & Windsore for the kinge, 
under the conduct of the lord Cbandoys, or the lord Dlgby &c. : ihey 
went out of Kast gate. 

Sunday, 13 November, at eveninge, good newes came to Oxford 
of his majcsdc's armio's success^: over the Lundoncrs and parla- 
mcntaries workes at Brainford uppon the Saturday before. Bells 
ringginge and bonfires made in Oxford &c. abundantly by the lords' 
appointment remaininge here at Oxford. And uppon Munday c.mie 
the lite tidJngcs of another victory at Brainford uppon [he Sundaye, 
when fiftecne hundred of the parlamcnl side were blowen up &c. 

aa November 1642, beingc Tuesdaye, a drove of fait great oxen, 
brought out of RiickinghamBhire, were driven into Chrisichurch 
quadrangle earely in the mominge, beingc taken by some tropers 
that went out of Oxfotd uppon Sunday night, thinkinge that they 
had byn the goods of Godwyn & other parlanicnticrs; but it proved 
otherwise, and thai most of them were the carle of Carnarvon's, and 
so by night most of them were took ^ away againe by the true 
oweners ; but some were strayed ' &c. But uppon the Wcdnesdaye 
or Thursedaye after there came to Oxford another drove of oxen 
an(d) about 300 shcepc, which were true pillages from his majesiie's 
enemies, Ac. — That dayc (22 Nov.) in the afiemoone I went to 
sec the foundation iaienge of the newe timbcrworke gate uppon 
Magdalen's bridge, and the newe earthen wall ' raised from the saide 
bridge to the comer of the phisickc garden, to laye pcices of ordi- 
nance Utere, to secure the entrance uppon the bridge, &c., by the 
appointment of the lords and commissioners of warre that were left 
at Christchurch. 

Thursday, 24 November 1642, tl\e Danish embassador landinge 
in the nortlircn parts, came to Oxford ; and U|>pon Fridayc he went 
hence to Redinge to the kinge ; and from thence to tlic parliament, 
as I was enformcd. 



' the woiri looks like ' frti ' t. e. 
(ctcbird, but it has been inked o*ct to 
make ' look ' by a later boru]. 

* the word bos been Utked orci; U 



may have been ' tlayne.* 
' Twync notes in the tniTgin : — ' ibe 

pRraiKt.' 



7« 



fVOOirS UFE AND TTMES. 



Tuesday, 29 November, about 2 in the aftcrnoone, the imge's 
majeatic came backc from Rcdingc to Oxford, in a coach with 
ihe yongc prince (for ihc duke of Yorke came two or three dayea 
before) newly recovered of the nieazlcs at Redinge, and with prince 
Robert. They came into the towne over Magdalen bridge. The 
kingc'b majestic lod;;cd at Christchurch : prince Robert & his brother 
were quartered at Timothy Carter's house the towne-clarke. 

Wednesday (30 Nov.) St Andrew's day and the fast, at night 
the Library doore was allmosi bK>kcn oj>rn, SuspiU'o dt tmtndio, Sfc. 

Deoombor.^Sunday, 4 December, the bellman published that 
all hursc» then belngc in the towne, except troopers' horses, should 
be brought into St Giles his fci!d to be vciwcd ; where about zoo 
or 300 of ihem were taken for the kinge's use for dragoners ; and 
the next raornitigc a great multitude of soldiers with prince Robert, 
both horttc & footc & dragoners, went out of Oxford toward Tame & 
Ailcsbury &c. to meet \\\\\\ the parliament forces Ac. 

And uppon muiiday (5 Dec), I went to sec the trenches then 
<Ugg]nge ft makinge about the old trench that was formerly made by 
ibe schollers at the cnde of the wall of St John's college walkes. — The 
same raiuiday allso, the Uaiversitie bellman went about the towne, 
warninge all priviledged men at the vicechancellor's appointment, that 
were house keepers, to send some of their family the next dayc to 
Newe parkcs, to digge there for the trench worke through Mr. 
{Edmund) Napper's groundes &c.; which they did. The kinge 
riding forth in the aftcrnoone lo see the workes; whereof that on 
tlie north of St Giles church was to be done by the townesraen, 
and sixescore and two on their part appointed to worke there daily 
till it were done : that worke by St. John's College walkcs, was to 
be done by the cunlry or shire ; and that mola in Newe parkcs, 
was to be done by the priviledged persons, whereof there were then 
at worke a great many (the Collcdgca scndingc forth workcmen 
allso) ; and at the town worke, there were but twelve persons only 
then at worke, whereof his majcslie then tooke notice, and told them 
of It himselfe in the feild. 

Uppon Tuesday <6 Dec.) there was an assises of Oytr if Urmitur 
held before the Lord Cheifc Justice Hclli ' at Vceld * hall in Oxon, 
where were arraigned of treason one Lillbumc, Viuers', and Catesby. 
whereof Viuers ' was then tried and casL Catesby pleaded that 



' * Hetb,* con. by the Uter btiii:) to 
'Hemtli.* 
' *»ee nj/Mw p. 70 note 6. 



* or * Vinpts,' the letter, as nsaal, 
being tincenain. 



NOV. — DEC. 1642. 



73 



he might have couiutell to gpeake for him, and was respited a 

while, 

Wednesday, 7 December 1642, prince Robert, with all his forces 
that went forth to Ailesbury from Oxford uppon the Munday the 
5 of December, returned home to Oxford agaiiic re iv/ecia, llie towne 
of Ailesbury bcinge so fortified that there was no entringc into il. But 
two or three dayes after, prince Robert iniendinge another journey 
thither, better provided, word came that they were fled thence &c 

Friday, 9 December, uppon a rumour brought to the court at 
Oxford that foure or Bve thousand of the parlament forces were 
goit into Wantage ', there were great alarums in the morninge for 
expedition of his majestic's forces lliilher, both horse & foot : but 
about eleven of the clocke, there came a comett or the like officer 
to cerlifie his majestic that all was well, and that by reason of the 
lord Digbie's beinge about those parts wiih some forces of his 
tnajestie's they were departed from (hence & scattered, reluminge 
to Newebury or some sucli place. Whercuppon the goctngc forllie 
of his majcstie'a forces being assembled in Christ Church quadrangle 
was stayed: the soldiers departed with acclamations to their quarters, 
it beinge a very wett daye. And, in the afternoone, the captive 
parlament soldiers taken at Marleborough were brought into Oxford 
over Southbridge, bound, ft led with matches (whereat there was 
mulch houtinge') ft conveyed into some place or prison, I know 
not yet where*, to be imployed in diggingc of ucndics (as I hear) 
about Oxford, or to be disposed of to his majestie's pleasure &c. 

Wednesdaye 14 of December Mr. Whistler, the towne of Oxford 
Recorder, was brought into the towne as a prisoner' by three or 
fowre of the kinge's troopers; he came in at Southbridge ftc. — And, 
uppon the Munday before, our soldiers relumed from Winchester 
spoyled. 

Thurscday, the 15 of December, a written proclamation publi-hed 
by his majestic for the towne to bringe in more armes, both oflfensive 
and defensive, into his majestie's magazine ftc. : which where il was, 
I doe not yet knowe ; but most of the armes and furniture of arliUerie, 



' Twyne note* in the margin ; — ' with 
an intcatlua lo ^oe to sticcout Marie- 
borough that was taken a fcwc (dajcs) 
befotc by the lord Uigby ' — the words 
' A fewe (dajrcs) ' are ooccrtaii], having 
been ioked over hj a Liter hand. 
Another hand has tried to make than 
into ' on Tuesday.' 



* i.r. hooting. 

* Tvr)-ne aflerwAnIs added between 
the liwrs ; — ' vit, the Ca^e.' 

* Twyne notes in the margin: — 'he 
was for a while contnittcd to the 
ccstodic of the deaiie of Ch: ChuiL^h 
CDr. <Samtiel) Fell), and about the 
caile of January 0^41) ^ ^" 6ccd.' 



74 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



as bulletts, ^npowdcr for the ordinance, match &c. was laide up in 
Newe College Cloyster and Tower ' ; and at Gildhall. wheat ; and 
oatcs and come was laid up as It were m granaries in tlu: Lawc 
Schole & Ix>^ckc Schole &c, one . . . Davis, a towneiiman, dwelltnge 
at Carfox, havinge the oversight of ihose corne-provisions. The 
gunpowder myll was at Osncy where the fulling myU stood. 

Wednesday, the a i of December, belnge St Thomas' day, his 
majestic mustered up all his horses and horsemen in Ncwe piirkes 
and the workes newly made and in makings about the towne on tiie 
north, the north-east & north-west tliereof; at which time, of the 
shire, the priviledged persons and the towne, then were at the least 
3 or 4 hundred at worke in castinge up trenches and maklnge other 
fortifications &c 

The next daye after, viz. Thursedayc, 33 of Dtceraber, tippon 
relation and newes brought to Oxford to his majestic that 2000 
and more dragoners on the parlament side were entrcd imo Banbury 
to reinforce that towne againe against the tinge (chough the earle 
of Northampton were then with the kinge's forces in the castle) there 
was a great company of dragoners and other horsemen dispatclkxl 
thidier from ihc kingc from Oxford, and about H or nine of the 
clockc at night prince Robert, with a great guard, tooke his journey 
thitherwarde to Banbury, with an intent to give them a breakefast 
the next morninge &c. That Thurseday at night, the saide parla- 
ment forces made an assault uppon Banbury caade where die earle 
of Northampton ' was widi his soldiers, in so much as they fought 
allmosl all night. And prince Robert came not to Banhur)' untill 
nine of the clockc on Fridaye moniinge : and his approaching thiiher 
beingc discovered by a scout, about three of the clockc in ilic morn- 
inge, they ran all away and deserted Uic place, and so avoyded 
the kinge's forces, havinge buried their cheife peices of ordinance 
in the ground, but some other lesser peices were taken, and some 
horses, &c. And uppon Saturday (24 Dec.) lowarde eveninge, 
prince Robert returned to the court at Oxford with all his dragoners 
Ac. 

A liule before Cliristmas the doctors and beds' of houses, that 
had formerly fled from the Universiue (\'iz. Dr. (Samuel) Fell, 



' the MS. li rather oDDfaBcd here by 
interlinear InsGrtioDs nude by Twjnie. 
It is clear from p. 83 infra, tbst it is 
to be panclnaXeil as above ; or else ' . . . 
Tower, etc. ; (victuab) at CildluU ; 



wheat and oald.* 

* Sprnccr Coinpton, flccood carl. 

* 'hcdi,' cfajLOKcd to 'he&dft' by a 
later hand. 



DECEMBER, 1643. 



75 



Dr. <Chiiiilopher> Potter, Dr. <RicIiard) Bayly, Dr. (Accepletl) 
Frewen) to avoidc the parlanieni'a summons, relumed home to their 
places in the Universitie. 

Snnday, beinge Christmas daye, there were more dragoners dis- 
patched out of Oxford ; but whither, I cannot yet learne, or for 
what purpose : some saye to Redinge ; others lo otlier places, &c. ; 
and some saye lo Chichester, beinge then beseigcd by tlic parkmeot 
forces. They went over East-bridge, which is not the direct waye 
from Oxford thither, hut South-bridge. 

Uppon Munday (26 Dec.) there went forth more troopers out 
of Oxford, the same wayc ; and in die aftemoone, prince Robert 
went lo Abington, where his quarters was, in a coach, and returned 
the same night. 

And TuL-sdaye (27 Dec.) in the aftcmoonc, he was at Mr. Ed- 
wards his lennice ' court, and so was the kinge. 

And so on Wetlnesdaye mominge (28 Dec), on the fast dayc. 
For, that morningc, a trumpeter came into Oxford from my lord 
of Essex, about some newe tidinges, and the lordes rcpayred to 
his majcstie to the tcnntce court, where the businesse was imparled 
to him : which what it concerned as yet we knowc not : but it is 
hoped, that it concerned some tidinges of peace, or accommodation, 
or the like. [Afterwardes *, nppon better instructions, I learned that 
this trumpeter was sent from ihc parlament and the Lord Mayor 
of London, with a message to desire his majesties safe-conduct 
for certaine persons that stiodd be sent from the parlament & the 
dttie of London hither to Oxford to his majestic, to treat alvout 
articles of accommodation. Which (as I heard) was granted by 
his majesiie, and the trumpeter dismissed ; and the parties arc dayly 
expectetl,] 

Thurscday, 29 December 164a, the Delegates for the Vice- 
chancellor's accounts (.is many as were in the Universitie, viz. Dr. 
(Samuel) Fell, Dr. <Richard) Uayly, Dr. (Christopher) Potter, Dr. 
<Thomas) Clayton, Dr. (John) Banbridge, Ur. (Daniel) Esccott, 
and a Master of Art (for some bodJc'sdcputie), met in uin'o vtntrabilis 
domus CongregaU'onii, ^'c. ; at \^hich mcctlngc I was not then present. 

But hearinge thereof,uppon the next daye, beinge Eridaye (30 Dec,), 
in the morningc I addressed mysclfc to ihem to see what would be 
done conceminge my wages ' for one whole year at Michaelmas last 



* Altered by the Uier h»nd to ' tenniie.' 

* the words b square bncketi ut 1 
later addition by Twjdc 



* i.e. as Kecpci of the Ardiim, 
which office Twyne bad bcld Bince 1634. 




76 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES, 



past due unto me, where there was much inquiry & qucstioninge 
about the booke ' of the Vicechancellor's accounts, then missinge, 
and not to be found, but supposed to be lost betwixt my selfe (who 
had sometime borrowed it of Dr. (John) Prideaux, and restored it 
safely againe, God is my judge), and Mr. ( Richard) Parr " of Exceter 
College who supplied die place of Dr. Prideaux his clarke in liis 
Vjccchanccllorship, and Mr. (John) French' the rcgisteniry. In 
Dr. Pridcaux his accounts, there were some exceptions found, and 
would not passe or be allowed as I conceived, eitlier*/n tola or iit 
tanto, viz. — about a journey to London to deliver a booke of verses; 
allso a matter of ifi//. for procuringe commissions'* to keepe the Vice- 
chancellor his court; ten pound for sendinge letters, which was 
brought downe to five pound; allso allowa:ice for the mcndinge of 
the conduit water-pipes, lalde forth by Dr. Prideaux as for tlic 
Universilie, the Delegates affirminge that the towne was to con- 
tribute as well as the Universitie, seingc that they enjoyed the benefit 
thereof, and had pipes to their houses, as well as the Unlvcrsitie 
&c ; and about 40/r' per annum for Connopius'' the Grecian's allow- 
ance, which Dr. Pridcaux bad paied out of the Universitie common 
money when it should goc by Colledges, &c ; and the like. .\t that 
raeetinge the squire bedles paide in such moneys as they were charged 
witha3l ; Mr. (George) Locksmyth ' allso the yeomen bedel) paied in 
money, as he told me there, viz. 21//. or some such matter pro hundts 
prmlfgiis, as he saide ; William Ball allsoe was sent for from the 
fortification works to make up his accounts, bringinge a paper or two 
in his handes, but I could not see him payc in any money ; Mr. 
(Solodcll) Lichfcid" was not there, though sent for: and such 



' in the Archivei the rolls of Vice- 

chimccllor's nccotrnti arc preserved for 
the years 15JO--1554, etc t'Tom 1610. 
1 BodcrsuiDd, they Are conlinuouslj' kept 
in a book, which it the odc referred u> 
here. 

* s» Boftse'ii Reg. ColL ExoD. p. 67. 

■ Twyiic notes in the margiD : — 'Mr, 
Frcncb h&tl tcft this bcKikc at Upper's 
the apothecaries shop or hoDse, where 
afterwards it was found.' John French 
A-M. Mcrt- was elected Rc|::i<trar oa 
J I) Oct. 16 J9. 

' 'would not pass in tola,' Le. i.amt 
items Were alioji^hei dUallnwcd ; 
* would aol pftu in tiutlo,' i.e. pi.>rtion6 
of some itcDU were disalluwcd. J-'ot 



an example of a vice-chancellor'i ac- 
count, cut down by the auiliicm, %ct 
Clark's Wood'i City of Oxford, ii. 341- 

J54- 

* sec infra p. 84. 

■ see Clark's Wood's Citr of Ox&id, 
i. 447. 

"* Nathaniel Conopius, see R. L. 
Poole in Tht Cn^tegxt 0/ Oxfm-J ii9<)l) 
p. 47 ; Barrows' Kcgisicr of the Visitors 
195. 

* GcoTfic Locksmith was elected sub* 
bedell of Thcolojiy on q Dec. 1635. 

* Soloilcn Lichfield wa.<i e!ei;led tab- 
bcdcll ai Iaw on 13 JaiL ifisj ; ejected 
by the Pari. Visitont in 1648, he was 
rcctoied m 1660. 



DECEMBER, 1642. 



11 



wranglinge there was about this and t!iat account, thai for mine owne 
part I could doe no good in my busincssc, and so the accounts were 
put of further to Uic next Tuesdaye &c. By occasion of the missinge 
of the Vlccchancellor's booke of accounts, I havinge borrowed the 
proctors' booke' of Mr. <John> French the rcgistrary, brought it 
Uiither to that meetinge, and re^ored it unto him againe. Sir Nichoku 
Kcmpe his chest" beinge opened there lo looke what was in it, Dr. 
Poller' borrowed from Ihcnce a coppje of the newe charter which 
was found ihcrc in that chest, and carried it away with him downe to 
Queen's College, giving his hand for the same lo Dr. Fell, as I thinke : 
at length the chest was locked up againe and committed to Mr. 
Parr's keeping againe, but the keys were delivered to Dr. Fell. 

{Saturday, 31 Dec.) New Year's Eve, a Spanish embassador came 
to Oxford to the kinge : [vide * Mercurius Auh'cus, p. 4.]—] 

{AmoDg tbe pamphlets relating to Oxford in this ytu collectol by Wood, ihe 
following dcscTTC mectjon : — 

(i) Wood f 14 no. 7 ; 'A tme relation ' of a dinlish dcsigne by the papisti to 
blow Bp the city of Oxford on [Th.] 13 Jan, 1641 ' (i.e. J), of which Wood notei 
• aU fiOse.' 

(a) Wood 376 A DO. 307; < A tme tefatatioa of a false and lying pamphlet 
entitled " A dlvclbh designe by the papists to blow up the city of Oxford with 
guniwwdcT Jan. 13, 1S41."' 

(3) Wood 514 no. B; 'Two speeches spoken by Sir Slmonds D'ewes,' Lond. 
1641 ; Wood notes 'The first uf liicsc speeches isaniwet'd in Hist, tt Antiij. Univ. 
Oxoo. to). L' 

{4) Wood 514 no. 9; 'Letter frora the pro-Tice-chancellor [Robert Pink) of 
Oxford to Philip [Hert>ert] earl of Fembroke, wiUi his answer [T.] Sept. 13^ 1643.' 
Lond. 

(5) Wood 514 no. 10; • The King's Majestie's Speech [W,] 3 Nor. 1641, with 
William Strodc's (PDhl'ic OnturV] answer,' Oxford 1643. 

(6) Wood 514 no. II ; ' A copyof the Spcalccr's letter to tbe Viccchanccllor . . . 
of Oiford together with the ptotesiation . . .'Oxford tfi4a [T., 8 Feb. 164JI, of 
which Wood notes ' 'VYtii letter protestation and declaration ore oot regcstrcd in 
tbe University regcstcr'— A. Woodc; they should ha-ee bin inserted in keg. " R."' 



' in Wood MS. E 4 Wood lays : — 

'The account book of the proctors 
begbs 1564: Mr. (Itcnjatnin) Cooper 
(the rqnstrar) hath it.' 

* see Catch's Wood's UisL Univ. 
Oxoo. ii. 3.S3. 

' I>r. ChristopbcT Potter made 'Col- 
lections concerning tbe pnTileges of the 
University, extracted onl of the charters 
in the School Tower.' This paper cane 
into Wood's hands ; was bequeathed 
by liim to the Ashmolean, where it was 
Wood MS. 117 (O.C. 8s8<ij; bnt baa 



been raitsing since before 17S1. 

* the reference in scpiarc brackets b 
added by Wood: for Woud's copy of 
Afenuriui Auiifwi see npra p. 14. 

* a sitaitar ' ridicolons and imper- 
tinent pamphlet,' as Wood styles it, is 
Wood 373 [(S) ' A plot lauly discovered 
for the taking of the Tower,' Load. 164I. 

* in a note in Wood MS. E 4, p. 177, 
Wood says 'The Acts of Coavocation 
from 10 Nov. 1640 to 1 1 Joly ifi^i are 
wanting': see Gntch's Wood's IllsL 
Univ. Oxoo. ii. 436, 



iVOOffS LTFE AND TTMES. 

(7) Wood 516 00. 6 ; 'An Agreement bchrixt bis Maj«t]r and tbc iababitnntB 
of the county of Oxford/ Oxf. [Occ.] 11541. 

(8) Wood 516 00. 7 i ' The requcsu of the Graad-jBiy of Oxford, [M.] Dec 19, 
l64a.'> 

<ie4| : Wood aet. U.) 

January. — *Jan. 19; his father, Thomas Wood' or \, Wood 
before mciilion'd, died Jan. 19, being Thursday, at about 4 of the 
clock in the morning to the very great grief and reluctancy of his 
ivtfe and children. He died tn bis hou^e in the backside before 
mctition'd in the room over the kiichin : and being a fat and corpulent 
man', and therefore his body could not keep, he was buried' between 
8 and 9 of the clock at night on the same day in iJie norlli part of 
Jfcrton Coll. outcr-cbapi^ll or church, ncare to the graves of James 
Wood his yonger brother, who died in Sept. 1639 and John Wood 
his son, whome I have menlion'd under the yeare 1639*. This 
Thomas Wood (father to A. W.) n-as borne at Isllngdon ncare London 
in January 1580"; was bred in grammar learning in those parts; 
became a student* in Broadgales hall (now Pembroke Coll.) in tlic 
yeare 1600, afterwards one of the clerks, I think, of Corpus Christi 
Coll. and, aa a mcmlwr of that house, he was admitted bach, of Arts 
on the 15 of Mar. 1603. Uefore which lime he had taken to wife 
an antient and rich maid called Margaret, daughter of Hugh Wood 
of Kent (of the family of the Woods of Watcrbury in that county) 
and sister to Robert Wood a haberdasher of hats living at tlie Plow 
and Harrow on Ludgate hill ^ in London, and to Henry Wood living 



' Tbomms Wood seiiior*9 sntograph 
(• Tho. Wood ') i» forat! in Wood 329 ; 
on a S^'Ieaf ofwbicb vc faond scvcinl 
fragmeuU of mcmonndA probably by 
him : — c.^. ' hem for a quul of claret, 
. . . ; h«ni for a gallon of sack with tny 
itmngcra. 4T 41^'; 'claret opoa my 
tiiike, 4i/; gaUon of lack for my 
slrajigcr, 41 41/.' 

^ inMS.Piitllipiw7oiRWood«ayi:— 
' he wa^ tail bikI bit;geaiifl iii bU yonger 
daycs vcrie ttrong and active in manly 
sports and recreations, as football, 
wrestling. nuuiLng, etc.* 

' aslip on p. 67 of MS. Flullipps 7018, 
which Wood conjectorcs to be in the 
handwritLDg of his lirothrrr Edwanl, 
Dotes tbAt the funeral es[ie[uies were 
13//; lOJ. lad. Ill ' MS. Knwl. B 401 a '■ 



Wood note* that the foutjal wu * with 
e*cocheons.' 

' 1-e- "'P>^> P- 47. 
' I e. :58f. 

* fhumax Woodc appears 10 the Uni- 
versity malrimilation regi»tcr a« matri* 
culatcd on 10 June lOoo ^m Broad* 
gates H. '■ of Middlesex, plebeii liUui, 
act. iB'; B.A. Corp. 15 Mar. 160); 
B.C.L. Broad^. H. 10 Mar. i6i|. In 
the ' Book of Benefactors tothe building 
of the Schools, i(ii3'i<S,' as transcribed 
b]r Wood, he appears as giving lo/t. in 
1616, 'Tbonoasi Wood. A.B.,qiiDadain 
ex Aala LaL Ton.' : icc Wood MS. D 
II. 

* MS.Fhi£lippa7otSsays'at tliesigno 
tA the Plow and Hanuw over against 
the Ikll Sarnge without Ladgatc' 



DEC. \e4,i—jAiy. ie4a 



79 



in Kent. They were married at Wood-Eaton ' tn Oxfordsliire. where 
shec lived in the house of Richard Tawmer, esq. (uncle' to Thomaa 
Wood his second wife.) About which Uroc the' said second wfc, 
named Mary (who was borne in tlie said house) being then a child 
of about two yeares old, Thomas Wood would often take h<>r out of 
the cradle, dandle her in bis armcs, and would several limes say that 
he hoped shee would live lo he his second wife ; — which accordingly 
came to pass, and was mother to A. Wood. My and with * the money 
which Thomas Wood had wllh the said Margaret Wood, and the 
500/1. which his parents bequeathed lo him, he grew rich : purchased 
the liousc wherein A. Wood was borne, with its appurtenances ; also 
the great inne called the Flour dc Luce in Oxon, which I have before 
mention'd; land in Tetsworth, now olued at 45//. per ann, ; and 
lands and tenements in other places. In the yeare 1618 the said 
Thomas Wood was actually created bachelor of the civil law, had 
some employment in that facultie, and after the death of his said first 
mfe, which hapned at Tclswortli 14 July 1621, he took to wife Mary 
Pettie alias La Petite, mother to A. Wood (the same who had been 
the child in the cradle liefore mention'd) : by whome having a good 
portion, and growing richer thereupon, he was fined in October 1630 
for refusing the honour of knighthood, a matter* then lately brought 
up to obtaine money for his majcsUe's use. This money which was 
paid by all persons of 40//'. per an. that refused lo come in and be 
dnb'd knights, was called knighihood-monfy. This Thomas Wood 
was son of Riclard Wood, who, when a youth, was brought to 
IsUngdon by Robert Wood his uncle and godfather, as* the tradition 
goeih in the family: who^ giving him good breeding, be ever after 
lived in good fashion. The posterity of Uie said Robert, who have 
lands and tenements to tills day in IsUngdon, live at Kingston upon 
Thames in Surrey ; where, and clswhcre, they have an estate that 
amounts to zooo/i'. per an. ; and have been several tJmca offcr'd the 
degree of baronet- 

[^^unday^ 2 of January 1642 {i.e. j), there came to Oxford two 
coache.s from Lundon, wherein were six commissioners (as it were) 
from the cittie and the parlameni, for whose safe conduct the trum- 



» MS.Phil!ipp87oi8«iy»'«1.Wytncy.' 

* * my mother's imcle * in the ontio 
direcu of ibe Harl MS. 

* ' (ny said mother ' in die HarL 
MS. 

* ' By the money,' in the HarL MS. 

* ' a bosineu,' in the l\u\. MS. 



* ' u the tradttioQ it among ob,* in 
the Harl. MS. 

' * who breeding him op, be crcr 
liter Uvc<l iu gentile la^on,' in the 
Uarl. MS. 

" here are rcramed the excerpU Uutn 
Twyiic's ' Mu&tcriii(;«.' 



WOOrfS UFE AND TIMES. 



peter came in Chrislmas weeke. They were 2 aMennen and fowre 
of the common councclt of Lundon, who brought with them a petition 
from the parlamcnt to that effect as formerly had been, viz. that his 
majestie would be pleased to returne to the parlament and he should 
be protected both by the parlament and the cittizens &c ; the kirge 
answeringc A askinge, why tiiey could not protect themselves &c. 
At tlicir first commingc in, there were of the schollers that were like 
lo attempt somethinge against them, as they conceived, wherefore 
ihey desired that they might be garded, & so ihey were. They lave 
at the Flower de luce' &c. The kinge sent 2 or 3 of his gentlemen 
with them, who were to carry his majeslic's answer printed to the 
cittie of Lundon, and see it red there. As they were come to 
Magdalen's bridge, they would be libcrall, and throwe a pdcc to the 
soldiers that warded there, who flunge it backc to them into the 
coach againe, saienge that their master the kinge paid them their 
wages, and that they scorned iheir money, caih'ng them Roundbeds, 
Ac, for which (as they saye) the king sent them 5 peices, Ac. 

On Tuesday morniiige (3 Jan.) there met at the place appoynted' 
Dr. Bayly, Dr. Bambridgc, and Mr. Twyne, but no more came ; and 
so noihinge was done, etc. — Tuesday, 3 of January, there came into 
Oxford and to the court, diverse carts, to the number of 1 2 or more, 
loaden with prince Rupert's gooddes, and with the mint from Shrewes- 
bury, and with some good store of silver ore to be melted into silver 
and coyned into money : one Mr. <Thomaa) Buahell beinge the chcife 
dealer therein : the mint was set up in New Inne, &c. 

Wednesdaye, the 4 of Januar)*, the Spanish embassadour that 
came downe lo the kinge to complaine of the earle of Wan,vick'9 
scizinge uppon one of the king of Spaine's(or a merchant of Spaine's) 
ship, uppon the English coast, fraught with rich merchandize as silver 
A cuccbencll Ac, obtaintnge a proclamation to be published for his 
purpose forbiddinge any man lo buy thereof, departed backc againe 
toward Lundon, Ac. AUso the Lundoners' messenger, that came 
from the parlament and the cittie of Lundon about the businesse 
formerly spoken of, was dismissed with their answer from the court ; 
A the next daye, they sett out for Lundon, Ac. The kinge sent 2 
gentlemen with them. — That daye ailso there came forth an order 
from the kinge and the lords, that neither vintner nor any other 
victualcr In Oxford sliould suffer any wyne or drinke to be sold in his 



^ the site of tbb inn b now rcpre- 
■entcd by Mr, Tbompsoo's china ihop 
BO. 130 S. Aldate'k. 



* i.e. the ApodTteiiaiD, to Rtidit the 
account! : we «*i/n> p. 77. 



JANUARY^ 1B43. 



u 



house to any body after nine of the clocke at night &c. uppon payne 
of forefeyling lox. loties quoiies, etc. 

[Thursday \ Jan. 5, vide Mtrcuriui Auiicus^ p. 6.] 

Fridayc (6 Jan.), beinge twelfe dayc. prince Robert rode forth 
very early, with a good company of troopers ami dragoners, to 
Cicester as some suppose or to the like place, &c. [The' place he 
■went to was directly Ciceaer; but returned againc on Sunday night 
(3 Jan,) rf inftda, in regard it was so fortified with ordinances & 
great peices that there was nolhinge to be done uppon it, he goeingc 
only iK-ith foot and horse. They in the tcwne jeered him much at hts 
departure, and range out their great bell, and shot of their guns &c. 
Others *>ayc, that prince Robert came awayc the sooner from thence, 
because' he could not meet the marqucsse of Hartford's* Welch 
forces (which were marchiuge hiiherward to Oxford) soone enough, 
the saidc marquessc with 7 or 8 hundred foole men of Wales, com- 
mingc into Oxford uppon the Tuesday next afterwards.] 

Munday, the 9 of January, a drummer was sent from the carle of 
Essex 10 his majestic about" an exchange of a certaine prisoner 
whom the kloge's forces had taken some where, beinge a commaunder 
of note under ilic .saide carle : which saide drummer was brought into 
the towne over IVIagdalcn's bridge blindcfold ; that ko he might not 
see the workes of fortifications thereabouts, and so was convc}ed on 
horsehacke to the court at Christchurch, and led forth againe blindfold 
to his lodginge on footc, to expect his answer. 

Tuesdaye, 10 Jan., the lunge's letters came abroad to all the 
colledges & halls in Oxford for their plate * to be brought in to llie 
mint at Oxford there to be coyned into money &c., with promise of 
refunding it or payeinge for it againc after 51 the ounce for silver and 
5j 6rf for silver and gilt.^Uppon the munday after (i.e. 16 Jan.) 
there was a Convocation for creation of graduates, and there was lent 
300/1. more of the Univcrsitic's money 10 ilic kinge &c. 

Thursedaye, 13 Jan., there was a muster of all the foot soldiers 



' the note is square brackets is io- 
Krted by Wood. 

* the pasHgc la sqnarc bracket) ii % 
flier ndditioD by Tvrync. At the time 
of iM imcrtioa, the tut words of the 
prcvioni aentcocc were tcoied oot. 

* Twyne nou* in the tnaxcin :— ' but 
others u>e tluit ibc uiar>|imsc8 Wclch- 
nteii iimtlc di-loy and hungc backe at 
beinge unwillinge lo fi^ht : l>ul the plxce 
wu toic cask to be ukco, had they 



given the onset, etc.* 

• William Seymonr. second ciul of 
Hertford, created manjuis of Hertford 
oa I June 1640. 

* Twync notea in ihe roargin : — 'Iw 
caraefiir one leifelenant . . . WaggestafTe, 
a man of great strrvicc, etc.* 

' n sunnnnr)- of the plate surreodere<l 
U found in MS. Tanner 33S ; printed in 
John G\i\c\%tC<ftlt(taiua Cunua (1791) 
i. 3J7 ; Me note 4, p. 94 infra. 



8s 



WOOD'S UFE AND TmSS. 



ihen in Osford, ai Ncwe parke<s). the kingc and the prince, *: the 
duke <of York) &c. bdngc ihcn prcsenl on Toole because it was a 
fayre pleasant dayc. There ^^as about one & fortie or two and fortie 
coltours : and by aestimation about 3000 men armed sufficiently for 
sen'icc, besides two or three hundred, Kiandinge behind, not as yet 
armed: [vide' Affreurius Aulkm p. 17, Jan. 12.] 

Friday, 13 Jan., a great solcmnc funerall in Oxonof lord AuWgny' 
(brother In ilie duke * of Lennox) who was slainc at Kaynton fcild or 
at the battell of Kdgehili. The body was brought up from Mugdalcu 
College and so brought and attended all the waye through tlic street 
to Chrislchurch the Caihedrall. and there cnterred. The footmen 
soldiers came first with their muskets under their armes, the noses of 
the musketts beinge behind them ; the pike men drayled thcrr pikes 
on the ground; the horsemen followed with their pistolis in tlicir 
hands, the handles beinge upwardc; the lopps of the auntients allso 
was borne behind. A chariott covered with blackc velvctt. whore the 
body was drawen by 6 horses, &c. The man that drove the charriot 
strowcd money about the streets as he passed. Three great voleys of 
shott at the enlerringe of the body; and lastly, an herald of arrocs 
proclaymed his titles, &c. — The same daye in the morningc, there was 
a gibbet set up at the east side of the conduit at Carfoxc. 

And the next daye (Saturday, 14 J^n.) Iwinge market daye, about 
xi a clocke there was one brought thither which should have byn 
executed for sonne ofTencc or other (what it was, I knowe not) but 
was pardoned by the kinge, and, as I heard, was only burned in the 
hand and shoulders, &c. But gocing up thai waye in the afiemoone, 
there was * a paper written cleaved uppon the gibbett poste, publish- 
inge his majestie's disavowinge of a certaine scandalous pamphlet 
conceminge the kinge's finall answer and resolution loucbinge the 
Ltindoners' late petition to his majestic, which was there declared to 
be none of his majcsUe's and adjudged to be burnt by the hangman, 
etc. The title page of ihe pamphlet was there cleaved on allso for 
open vciwe, printed at Oxford and willi the counterfeit armes of the 
Universitie, viz., the bookc &c. ; but the saidc pamphlet was allso lliere 
burnt by Uie hangman : [vide * Mercunux Au/icus p. 19.] 

[Monday, 16 Jan."; Convocation, vide <Rcg. Convoc.) S. p. 14, 
P- '7] 



' the reference hi sqnare brackets is 
added by WooJ. 
■ UcDi^c Sluart, lord TVAnWpny. 
' V^mi Smart, thiri] dultc cJ'lA'imox. 
* Twync wrote ai fust ' I uw,' uid 



Iben substituted ' tbere was.' 

• this reference is aiided by Wood. 

* note added by Wood, aftcrwanis 
scored out : see p. 81 tupv. 



JANUARY. 1643. 



«3 



Tuesday, 17 January, a soldier put uppon the wooddcn horse over 
gainst GiUl hall, for lieingc a tume coatc from the kinge to the 
parbmcnt and backward againc, and for scllinge his armes &c. 

And uppon Wednesdaye morninge <iS Jan.) t^vo more uppon the 
saide horse together, for other faultes &c. : [\ide ' Mercurius Auiicus 
p. 29.] 

Saturday. 21 January, prince Robert went out of Oxon with a 
great army of horse & fnote, in number about 7 thousand. They 
went out of Nonhgatc, but whither it ia not yet knowen. 

Mondaye, 23 January, the terme began in Oxford for the lawe, 
accordinge to his majesties proclamation.— The Court of Chaunccn,-. 
where the lord LilUcton ' sale as Lord Keeper, was held in the neue 
Convocation house at the Schooles, where there were some causes 
pleaded that daye. — The Court of Requests was kept in the Natural! 
Philosophy Schoole, where Sir Thomas Aileshury, one of the Masters 
of the Court of Requests, sate a little while, y>r(iy(>rm<z, that momingc. 
— Tliat da)'e allso in the forenoone there was a trumpeter from the 
carle of Ksscxe brought in blindfolded to the court at Oxford, with a 
message to his majeslie conceminge a challcndge of fight or combate 
that was 10 be had about the 7 of February next or thereabouts, 
betwbct the lord Grandison" and two more on his majesiic's side' and 
three of the parlament side^ and 50 seconds on each side, in relatioa 
to the businesse that happened at Wjuchester where the lord Grandi- 
son wa-s supposed to be foylcd by the parlameut forces & was 
taken and escaped awaye againe &c. But of llicsc thingcs, I could 
leame no ccrtaintie for the present as yet : only I heard, that the 
challendgc was accepted on hoihe sides ; Jfe what will become of it, 
•we shall heare hereafter &c. — And as the magaain for armes * 
gunpowder was in Ncwe CoUedge, and the magazin for victells in the 
Gild hall, and for come in the Schooles, so the magazin for cloth 
for soldiers' apparrell and coates was in the Musicke Schoole, and in 
the Astronomy Schoole adjoyninge to it. That daye albo were a 
great many of tajlers, as well forrainere* as townesmcn, set on worke 
to cult out these coates, to the number of 4000 or 5000 (as I was 
told), which were presently afterward put forlli lo the laylors here 
inliabitants, and to strangers within ten miles wbo were called into 



' refercQce vldtd by Wood. 

' Sir Kdwan) Lyulrion, I.(ml K«cpcT 
Jan. 19, 164!, creatM Innin Lyttlclon 
of MowQfclow 1)4 Frb. 164T. 

' William VilUen^ KCood Tuoottnt 
GnuKUsgo. 



' a Ulcr lumd (? RAwIini') tiu tn- 
urted beie between llie lines : — ' u 
challengetv' 

* the same haod has iosntct) bere : — 
* u drfmdant3.' 

' t.c. not rcudcntB in Oxford. 



C 3 



84 



tf^OOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



Oxford, to be made up & finished Ac. — The drawe bridges were aD 
made & framed in the Rhetoricke Sclioole. — And in the old 
chappell ' over against Ncwc Inne, and allso in an house made of 
boords on the north side of the newc biiildinge, there were peiocs of 
ordinance cast, and bells were melted for thai purpose. 

About Uiis time allso the taverns in Oxford, beiiige formerly (a 
Uitlc after Christmassc) all drawcn dry of wine, and insted thereof 
sold ale and becre, began to be supplied with wines againe, as longe 
as they will last; for it is not like to growc dead for wantc of 
SfKndinge, witnesse old January iiiih his polo* &c. 

Tuesday, January 24, at one of the clockc in the afiemoone, there 
was a roeetinge of the Delegates of the Vicechanceller's accoonts at 
the Schoolcs, Dr. (Samuel) Fell, Dr. (Richard) Bayly, Dr. 
(Christopher) Potter, Dr. (John) Banbrid[»e, Dr. (Thomas) Clayton, 
Dr. (Daniel) Estcote, where I attended, as formerly I had done 
December 29, about my wages, &c. ; but there was nothinge done 
because Mr. (Solodcil) Lichfcild the bedle had not brought in 
his account to Mr. (Richard) Par, neither would he appear there &c. 
Whereuppon, Dr. Fell, Dr. Potter. Dr.Cla)ion, & Dr.Barabridge, walked 
downc to Dr. (John) Tollson's lodgings tlicn Deputie V'tcechanccUor, 
to cnformc hitn thereof, and that he would take some order to cause 
(Solodell) Lichfeild to appeare before them and make up his accounla 
Ac. At that meetinge there was much adoe about alloweinge 
expences for procuringe a commission from our Chancellor, directed 
to Dr. (Giles) Swcit to be tlic Chancellor's Commissary for causes*, 
uppoi) llie Vicechancellour's supposed uncapabilitic of medltnge in 
secular aflaires accordinge to the newc act of parlament &c.; wlicrc 
the coppie of the saide Dr. Swell's commission was read by Dr. 
Potter which Dr. Fell gave him, and it was then moved that Dr. 
Sweit sitould send in his commission to be cancelled &c., Dr. Clayton 
staJidinge in niainctcnancc of those cxpcnccs, it bcinge thought at 
Uiat lime (in Dr. Prideaux his Vicechancellorship) thai the Viec- 



' i.c. of S. Marj-'s Collrgc (now 
Frewin HaU) ; see CUik's Wood'i 
City of Oiford, ii. ijj. 

* the ailuioQ appears to be to aomc 
proTcrbial verses .piolnkly iii an old 
Almuuc) detcribing the employments 
and uniuements of the months of the 
ye«r, thi» being the character then: 
given to Jaonary. Thus in a rtndcnt's 
common- place book tn Lincoln ColItf;« 
Libtaiy C^ttec 1612-1616) we have 



two sets of venes on the twelve tnontlut ; 
(1) *ex proceisionili aot qusmodi 
fjnodun libro ' bef:tns; — 

'Januarius. I'ocnla Janus aouit^ ; 
(3) the uiher ' cjt alnuLoadi Joliuuiit 
JonfT, ifiia ' begin* :— 

' Feoiodtis Janus calJces escam(]ac te- 
pentcm Foscit.' 

* Wood notes here : ' of tfiii nialtct 
sec p. 17' of the MS. (in Hcamc's time 
it was maikctl p. 41) ; i.e. pi. 8j injm. 



JANUARY, ie4a. 



85 



chancellor was made uncapable by the act of parlamcnt, which ihe 
rest denied, saienge that the act expressed no other medlinge by 
spirituall persons in secular matters but only by waye of commission, 
whereas the Vlccchanccllor is a justice by prescription & charter, &c. 

Friday, 37 January, word came to his majestic to Oxford that 
Rcdingc was beseigcd the night before; allso that Brill (where his 
majestic had forces) was in danger of beinge taken by the ennmie 
that came from Ailesbury. Whereuppon there was an alarum in 
Oxford, and after dinner the tdnge's troopers were goeinge for Brill to 
succour It; but ere ihey were very farre on thdr waye, word was 
biought that the cncmic had left Brill, bcingc beaten backc by 
cotonell Gerard ; and so the troopers returned againe about 4 of the 
ctocke &c. — That daye allso, word was brought (or else on the next 
diiy, viz. Saturday) that ihe parlament forces that were come (or 
comminge) to beseigu Redinge were defeated and repulsed by his 
majestic's forces in Redinge, whereof Sir Arlliur Aston was goveniour 
under his maJL-slie. 

Saturdaye morninge (28 Jan.), Sir Peter Killigree came to his 
majesrie, sent by the parlament about some businesses, namely (as U 
was conceived) to mediate for safe conduct for certaine lords that 
were to come to his majestic^ from the parlamcnt with ccrtajne 
propositions of accommodation &c, — Allso that mominge there uime 
to his majestic a drummer from the earle of Kssex about other 
businesse, which as yet 1 cannot leame: he was brought in mufBed, 
with his drumme tied about him at his backe. — A post or two allso 
came to the court ilial mominge, but from whorae, or about wliat, as 
yet 1 koowe not: lIic- post was had to secretary (Sir Edward) 
Nicholas, lodginge in Pembroke College. 

Munday, being the 30 of Januar)-, 164a (i.e. J), Dr. Tollson 
beioge yet Dcputic Vice-chancellor, there was a meetingc of the 
contfers/us prat/ictorum * ; at which, by occasion of the disagreemcnl 
amongcst the Delegates for the Vicechancellor's accounts conccminge 
cxpences and moneys laid out in Dr. I'rideaux his Vicechancellorahip 
about procuhnge of commissions for Dr. Sweit's commissaryship in 
Ivitt of the then Vicechancellor's uncapabililic of inlermedlinge m 
lemporall matters by the supposed act of parlamcnt, tlie saide Dr 
Swcit was there convenlcd before them about that matter, and it was 
laidc to bis charge tliat he procured letters patents of the earle of 



' ' roajcBtick* in MS., by a ii\\\. 

* a nuKluit; »f tlic bcad» ol houses. 



ercry Monday, wni> enjoined by the 
Laudiau iuilics bca. VU. Tit. uiL 



I 
I 



Pembroke', High Chancellor of the Univershic, for ihat power 
without the Universilie's consent, bcinge a matter of so great con- 
sequence & moment ; and dclL ' witli him as farre as tlicy could to 
(^vc up hLs said patent: which he utterly refused, saieinge finally that 
he would not give it up to any man in Oxford, except one only, 
mcaningc the kinge's majestic who was then present in Oxford 
Ac. Dr. Potter, the dcane of Worstcr, told him, that if he were 
Viccchancellor he would discommon him etc., and the deanc of 
Christchurch. that unlessc he would give up his patent they would call 
ft Convocation and acquaint the whole Universitic with it, etc. Howe 
it ended I knowc not; for I was not there; but thus much I had of 
Dr. (Samuel) Fell, dean of Christchurch, &c. 

Tuesdaye (31 Jan.) the Lord Keeper' and the Judges then 
present in Oxford were made Dra of the Cjvill Lawc Ac, in a 
Convocation in the aficrnoonc. 

February. — Wednesdaye, beinge Candlemas Eve and the first of 
February, heiwixi 5 A 6 of the clocke in the evenlnge, there came in 
lo Oxford ^ or 5 coaches, wherein were the lords (viz. the carles 
of Northumberland*, Penbroke\ Holland*, and Salesbury') wiili B 
more of ilit: house of Commons, sent from the parlamenl to bringc 
certaine propositions of accommodation lo his majestic Ac. They 
were guarded into the towne by Sir Jacobc Ashley with some 
souldiers, and conducted to (he signe of the Starre, where they supjwd 
together dial nigliL But, 8 of the clocke that nighi, his majestic sent 
for Ujcra to come to the court to him and deliver llieir message that 
nighL Which they did accordingly ; and were aflcrwardes dismissed 
lo their severall lodginges, Northumberland lo the signe of tlic Bcarc; 
Penhroke 10 Dr. (John) Bambridge his house over against Mcrton 
College ; Holland to . . . " ; and Salcsbury to Kdwards his house 
at the racket court. Where the oilier 8 of the house of Commons 
lave, I knowe not. 

The next da>-e (a Feb.), bcinge Candlemas day, none of them 
came lo the court nor appeared any where else abroad, as farro 
as I could undcrMand. But In the after noone, the Doctors assembled 
togeilicr and went to visit the carle of Pcnbrokc their Chancellor. 
Where, amonge other conference, it pleased his honour to lett them 
knowc that his mlnde was that Dr. Tollson • should continue Vice- 



' Fbitip Herl<en, fourth crtrl. 

* altered bj* a Utcr ttand to ' dcalc' 
' lidtnttl, lonl LyiUctua. 

* Alg<:ni<M) I'oicy, ti^nth cnrl. 

* I'tiilip Herbert, fonrUt call. 



• Henry Rich, find «aiL 

* William Ceicil, WGrMid earl. 

* Maitk in M.S. 

• John Tolson D.D. Sad been acting 
%t fro-vi(t-<kaHt{flor. tht vicc-t;hajiwl- 



yAN.^FEff.ieAS. 



fi7 



chancellor out the yere'. He told them allso that though he were no 
sthollcr, nor could doe them linle good nowe, as thinges stood, yei 
Ik would Dol ttasc to praye for them, and hereafter wlien thinges 
were better soiled, he would doc for the Uiiivcrsilie what laye in liis 
power. And moreover (as I was told) praicd to God that he would 
open the kinge's eyes to see the light of the parlanient. Some saye 
that, uppon supposall of a great dearth and scarcitie of vittelts in 
Oxford, some of the lords (especially the earle of Penbroke) brought 
some store of villells with ihcin, as fowles and bottells of wine, on 
sampler horses &c. ; and iindlngc it otherwiic here at Oxford (God be 
llianked) their servants made ihcir vittcls awaye, and sold of ihc wild 
fowie to the huxslers &c. 

Friday mominge, Febraary 3, joyefull newes was brought to the 
court for the lakinge of Ciccslcr by prince Robert's forces upiwn 
Candlemas daye, and the bells runge &c. But then againe there were 
tldinges brought that uppon Candlemas daye there wx^re some of the 
partament forces seene in & about Tame under the conduct of 
captainc Skiptoawho hovered thereabouts with a purpose to gelt that 
place and Brill allso, and 90 to prepare s. wayc to invade Oxford &c. 
— That dayu allso, about noone, the aforcsatde parlamentar)* lords 
and other embassadors of the house of Commons were wiih his 
majcsiie at the court ; where, in the garden, they received an answer 
in writinge to their propositions, yet so, as that there was some oilter 
meetinge & conferences to be had about it betwixt them. And so 
they were dismissed for thai lime, and were very merry and pleasant 
logvtlicr in their coach as tltey came awaye, wluch was obscrvi-d by 
many, &c — That daye a!lso at cveninge, his majestie appointed a 
thankesgivinge to be made, at a solemne eveninge praiers at Christ- 
church, for the saidc victory. At which praiers the Vicechancellor 
(Dr. 0°^) 1'ollson) and all tlie Doctors of the Universitie were 
present in their scarlet robes, the Vicechancctlor sittlnge in ihc 
dcAne's stallc, & the deane in the subdean's stalle; but there was no 
newo forme of thankesgivinge saide, save only that former, for the 
victory at Kdgehill, and a very solemne anllieme, /&vu^ skill set a 
trtfwnc of pure gold uppon his hid*^ &c. and uppou* his fttd shall 
his cratvnt Jlourish, &c. 

The nest daye {4 Feb.), beinge Samrdaye, these lords and other 



lor (Dr. John Prideaax} baring left tbe 
Univrmty wiihout resipiiog. Lord 
Pcmbmlcc Qow tiioitc him i'!ce-(ha«- 
nlfar foj whal icinniti<.'!l of the fcur. 



' altered by Uic Utcr hood to ' yoir.' 

■ I'ain. 31, 3. 

' ahercd by a Uler hiuid to ' liead.' 

' INm. 131, 19. 



WOOnS LIFE AND TIMES, 

pariament embassadors about noonc dined all together at the Siarre, 
and thence departed home toward Lundon &c, with their answer and 
liis majcstic's proposalis &c : and Saturday ni;;ht llic printed coppie 
came TorUi, &c. 

Mundayc, the 6 of February, about 6 of the clocke at night the 
prisoners captives, to the number of above eleven hundred, with some 
twelve or 14 ciilours, taken at Cicester by prince Robert, together 
with 6 or 7 cart loadcs of pillage, were brought in to Oxford by 
Si. Giles his church. His majcstie haviage byn abroad all that 
aftemoonc as farrc as Wolvercote, veiwed them as they came in, most 
of iliem bcingc able and lusty fcllowcs. For that night they were 
most of them lodged in St Giles his church and Magdalen parish 
church ; from whence they were aflerwardes dispersed, some to tlie 
Castle, some to other places Ac. And tlien some of the propcreat 
felloves of them, a.fter they had taken the newe protestation appointed 
lately by his majePtie, were newe apparrelled and tookc into service 
for his majV-stie, &c., and most of them dispersed up and downe into 
other regiments, as occasion served. 

Tlic next dayc after bclnge Tucsdayc (7 Feb.), prince Robert him- 
selfe with all his companie, exceptingc those that were left at Cicester 
for a garrison under the conduct of prince Maurice, brother to prince 
Robert, returned to Oxford, &c. 

Febr. 17, beingc Fridayc, the Scolts commissioners came to his 
majeslie to Oxford, viz. Lowden' & another lord and Henderson'; 
one for the nobilitic of Scotland, the other for the clcrgic and gentrie, 
the other for the commons. There was anoiher lord, viz. the carle of 
Lanneringe' brother to marquesse Hambleton, & Secretary of 
Scotland, who had all the letter.% packetis, and informations about 
him that were sent from Scotland to his majestic; but he came short 
home, as beinge cither unwillingly or willingly intercepted * by the 
wave by the parlamcnt forces in the north country, and all his letires 
&c. conveyed up to the parlament. Whereuppon the kinge would 
not nor could hold any treatie with the oihcr commissioners nor 
undcrstaiide ihcir meaninge for want of those letters and papers, and 



' John Campbell, created earl of 
LoodoiiD, 13 Mty, 1633. 

" Alexander II«ndi-n>oti, lately mlniii- 
tcrof LcGdurs.now rcizlorurivlintiargti 
Uoivcraity. 

* A liter Iiiin<l hns wriltCD above; — 
'Laonck.' William llnmilton. earl of 
IjAaik (created 31 March i''<39^ 



brother of James Hnmilton, thirl mar- 
quess (created on 13 Apr. 16^3, duke) of 
ITninihoTi. 

' Twyntf ndiU in the margin : — ' hut 
aftcrwardc« he cnmc nlUo to Oxfrml to 
ttK wnrt with bis fcllowc conumtftitnicr*. 
etc." 



FEBRUARY, 1643. 



89 



it is thought that there is some double dealinge on thr Scoits side in 
this businesse, &c. [Nowc * it is well knowne why A wherefore 
these Scottish commissioners came; namely, to presse his majestie 
thai the church of England might be made conformable in all points 
to tlK-irs of Scotland, &c-] 

Mundaye, 20 Fcbr., the lord Digby, with 2 or 3 troopcs of 
horsemen and as many of dragoners, set forth out of Oxford over 
South bridge, tnwardc llic Vies' in Wiltshire (as it was thought), 
about some exploit, but what, we could not tell: [but' on the 
Wednesdaye after < \2 Febr.) prince Robert went out of Oxford with 
other forces, toward the West country allso as it was supiwscd, to 
meete & joyne with Sir Ralfc Hopton &c.] 

[a I Feb.* T., Convocatio (vide in Registro Convoc.) S (fol.) ai : 
against conferring of degrees : see in paper.] 

Lent discharged this year by ihe kinge's prochmation, Wed- 
nesdayes & Saiurdayes beinge flesh markets', and Oesh eaten tn 
Collcdges & Halls all tlie lent longe. And whcrexs, tiie Wednes- 
daye fast for Ireland Ix'inge kept, Uie market was wont to be kept 
uppon the Tuesdayc : nowe, uppon Wednesdaye 2 2 of February, 
being the fast daye, the market was allso kept uppon the same day 
in Oxford. 

Saturday the 25 of Febr. the duke de Vandome, who liad byn in 
England a g0G<I while lK:forc, base sun to king Henry 4 king of 
France, and brother to (he queen of England, and who came into 
England to avoide the displeasure of the great cardinal! of Fraunce 
(Richlieu), nowe hearinge of the said carclinall's deih", came to 
Oxford to take his leave of his majestic, with purpose nowe to reiume 
bome into his owne cunlry to Fraunce &c. —The same daye havinge 
occasion to payc' the Vitechancellor Dr. (John) Tollson >ome money 
for llie Universilie, Dr. (Richard) Steward deane of Paule's came lo 
Dr. Tollson, to thanke him In tlie kinge's name for the Universitie's 
workcs about the townc (for the trenches &c.) with a desire tliat, in 
regard that the towne was some thinge back«-arde in their taske of 
wnrkc, the Universilie would be pleased to hclpe the towne forward in 
their taske &c. 



' added by Twyne at a Utci date. 

* the latci hand note* io the nurgin: — 

* ad<]cd afti^rwaidit hjr Ttvyne. 
' txsAx *A'\»\ hy Wuod. 

* «« Clark's Wood's City of Oxfotd, 
i.483. 



* ' deth ' changed by a later hand to 
• death.' 

* the oicuilng eccins to be that Twync 
wns wiib the vice-chancellor on this 
rmnrl, when Dr. Stenmud came in, and 
•a Twync heard tlie menage. 



.Muoday 27 Fcbr. in the evefung« word was brought to Oxrord ft 
to the court thai tbc qoccnc was landed al Ncwecasllc, uid sotne^ 
bonfiers were made in the streets &c — Jttdge Heth', Lord Chdfe 
Juiltoc of the kingc's bench, sent fmm Oxon to Abingtone to keepe 
Uhlxci or gaole delivery there for Rirkshirc. 

Tuot-day, 38 Fcbr., prince Rolwrt Sc his brother prinw Maurice 
rolunK-<l home to Oxford & came to tbc court. They had b}-n 
itttniad in Hampshire & Surrey & at Basingc, as it uas thought to 
tiilrri«|)l a ^rcAi dcak* of money in Windsore forrest that was sent 
IVttni London to tlie eitrk of Vstex at Windesore, and so to be 
I'ouvc I I'tt wc»lward 10 [>a,i'c Ihc juirlanirnt soldiers that were that u-ayc. 
VlniiUii|*ui Sir Kalfv A^ti^i from Redding*-, and prince Robert from 
lU«IU|lc, ttM)|:hl to »ctt up(<on it, one before & another behind : bat , 
thty (lut ki»d Ibe chftC|v of the nxmcy, ha\-inge some inklinge of 
\au,\\v KnbMl'* Utacf tUoad there, itnnv backe againc to Wyndsore, 
«ih( ihu*l ftal ikdwuiiuv Ihc monty : tad w prac« Robert reiumedj 
hvuiv (u iUfot ' - ^* A\ 

httad^Vi J <^ IVtct KUVrtftrwv cunc Dom the parlament 

t(i Uiv voutt Ut ^^^>i( Kv « mk wlkttKt for cextaine lords and others, 
s4 Oh> hiHMp \fi i\^^ttu««lu Kt ctww h> Oxford, coocemtnge the cessa- 
SM\ k4 vtww* UMf thkv «»4tw, t>w UvAUke the kwil Saye was named 



I MM^Mt. nciuitM whom his majcsiie hath 
.. .;^« tWtn. ihereforv some stoppage was 
l<ut Sit IVter was ili>maaed b«cke with his 
I ^mk> Kil ith> wcflke*. 

i)>. • ,<i MAR'h, St D«Wd's daye, the assizes 
> Jutlge lleihe. Lord Cbeife Jnstioe 



K'l wiv \*i lUvlu, 
WMW i>I thv I 

uf ih* lttU|lV« Witvh .^1. 

)irtVUi\^y. < \il Mitivh. princv Robert and his brother prince 
M^»ik^ vrtih * pvAi nunpAny of troopers ft dragoners, went 
t'tti ' > 1 |iv\M Si>ulhbn(lgc about 6 in the mominge ftc; and 

U|>| ',iu ittt(lil It wa« Ktidc Umt he layr at Malmesbury &c. 

lilt AjriMv niu lit llrlAtoU (aa it Bcemcs) where it was thought a good 
p'Kii ■ .1 tut ilw kinjjo anil ctirac out to him or leu liim in: but 

till' I >■ »idi' * liitvcit that were goti in there, ovennastercd 

(hvin Utat Wtft« of the kinged side in the tittie and imprisoned them 
AiNI Aiul ko U|i|Hin VVldaye night and Saturday mominge next 



* * ll(^|l> t • Uti-t liaixl to * hcR (bitowed, bat tcorcd nut -.^ 

' lUalli ' . I ii«|ti. niailv Lunl ' andtowctctfaeScottislicoinaiiisiaocnt 

(lilt-l JiMlUw «rt llie Klitc'a Ucni^ 31 alUo.' 
<iDt, Iftii. 



FEB. — hf ARCH, 1643. 



91 



followtnge, beinge the 10 and 11 of Marcb. they all returned to 
Oxfurd agatnc, re in/ccfa &c. 

Mundaye, 13 March, a warninge from Sir Jacob Ashley, govcrnour 
of the towne, for men to come forth wiih axes, hatchcOs, & bills, for 
loppmge of trees & cuttingc up hedges about St Clement's parish 
ft toward Hedington hill, for the better discovery of the enemy, if 
Ibey had come that way, & freer passa^ for shoolinge at (hem from 
thu workes and fort ifica lions, there bcinRr at itiat lime some companies 
of the parlament forces at Tame and WTicatly, and drawings hilher- 
wurtles to Oxford as it was feared, in regard ihat they heard of prince 
Robert's beinge at Bristol), but not heard of hts returne home agatne. 
So sixe troopcs of the kinge's beinge sent forth, they chaced awaye 9 
troopes or more of the pariament's as farrc as Wickam or farther Ac. 

Then allso the pas.*-agc from the kinge's lodgiugcs ihorougli Dr. 
{Robert) Pajii's garden, Corpus Christi, and Mcrton College into 
the queen's lodginges in Merton CoIIedge then * makinge ready for 
her majcstie *, was l)egtin &c. 

Toesdayc 14 of March, the southeme backe workes or fortifications 
at and about Merlon College and the river Chamell, were begun &c. 
The bankea w crc cast up to make ihe river overflowe llie medowes. 

Wedncsdayc (15 March) a ducll bctwxt the lord John *, one of the 
duke of Richmond's * broihera and Mr Ashboraham, a gent, of his 
majestie's bed chamber, at the further ende of Christchurch medowe ; 
no hun done on cither side. 

Friday, 17 of March, many troopers & dragoners were sent out 
of Oxford toward Gloceler as it was supposed, or else toward 
I\!ahncsbury as others thought, and that prince Ro1>ert was to goc 
afier uppon Munday, in regard that in the mcanc lime the lords & 
others were expected from the parlament to treat about the cessation 
of armcs Ac. 

Saturday, 18 March, a soldier hanged uppon the gibbet slandingc 
at Carfox conduit, for killing of a woaman dwellings about Glosier-Iiall 
or Brokcnhaycs Ac He had byn a parlament soldiour, taken at 
Hraincford. 

Friday, Saturday. & Sunday (beinge the 19 of March), many 
soldiers, both troopers, dragoners &. footemcn, marched out of 



' ' dieo,' chan[r«) by a later band to 
• there.' 

* Wortd notfs in the margin ;— ' pro- 
Tiftlou (t)( the i|uccire cominmg.* 

* JohnStuail,tifihioaof£AncStaan 



third dnkc of Lennox. 

* Jamrs Sliinrt.cMcat sonofthcthml 
ilukc of Lcnoos, wiu created duke of 
Kicbmond 8 Aag. i64r. 



Si 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



Oxford, to the number of 3 or 4 ikousund (aa it was supposed), some 
one waye, others another waye, but no man knowcth yet directly 
whether, or to what place, and prince Rolwrt hiraselte went forth on 
Saturdaye (as I was told) ; yet the concurrencie of opinion is that theyc 
were all for Ailesbury, haWnge 4 or g peices of ordinance with them, 
the earlc of Essex (as it was said) havinge lately sent 5 or 6 great 
peices of ordinance thither for some designe. — About that time allso 
(as 1 was told) the Scotts commissioners went awaye from Oxford (if 
they had never come at all I thinkc it had byn better) and Sir Peter 
Killigree allso that came for a safe conduct for the commissioners of 
the parlament about the cessation from armes, si diis placeal, returned 
to Oxford againe, &c. [But ' Uie Scolls commissioners went not 
then, Ac. And though there was no cessation of armes agreed 
uppon, yet the ireatie began either uppon that Saiurdaye or the 
Munday followinge.] 

Tuesday, 21 March, prince Robert with his company retreated from 
Aylesbury rt jn/tcla, the place beinge to strongc for him, and so 
fortified by the parlament forces, that there was no good to be done, 
etc. — The same daye came the earle of Norihuml^rland' and others 
from [he parlament to the court at Oxford, to treat about the cessation 
of amies &c. Since prince Robert's retornc or retreat torn Ailesbury, 
it was reported at Oxford (which I fmde most probable since) tliat the 
said prinoc was sent for home by the kioge from Ailesbury in regard 
that iJic parliamenteers were come to Oxfurd about the cessation &c. 

Wednesday 32 March, the Lord Cheife Justice of the kinge's 
bench, {Sir Robert) Hcathe, was directed to a common counseil of 
our townesmen of Oxford to impart unto them his majestie's pleasure 
for the grasse of porlniede bctwixl our Lady daye and the 25 of July, 
for provision of hayc for his maJesLie's horses, if he should be driven 
to continue here bo longe, with assurance to them of his majesties 
propension and furthcrencc to convert that meadow to thcix best 
profit; and eommoditie &c. 

Fridaye (24 March), our Lady daye eve, prince Robert went out 
from Oxford, as it is thought toward Malmesbury lately taken by 
Sir William Waller, and to Cicesler & those parts &c. : and he 
returned againe to Oxford tippon Mundaye, bavinge regained 
Malmesbury againe to the kinge, & goud store of armes which 
Waller and the parlament forces had left there in their flight from 
Malmesbury &c. 

' sentence? a<lt!cd l>y Twync ■fterwanls. 
Algernon I'cicy. tenth cArl. 



AfA/iCH, 1643. 



n 



Tursdaye, March a8, 1643, prince Robert went forth with his 
forces tigaine ; but whither or lo wliat [)lacc, it is not yet Icnowne &c. 
—The sanie daye the flesh market was kept in Oxford by reason of 
iJie fast followeinge uppon Wednesda)'e, but the come market tc 
otlier ihinpes, and some flesh sta!k-s allso. was held uppon Wcdncs- 
dayc it sclfe &.c. [Il ' appcarcth since, Uial prince Robert went to 
Binningham, which lie tooke &c.] 

Thtirsdaye^ 30 of March, 3 soldiers were brought to the gibbet at 
Carfoxc, to be hanged for ranninge awayc from their cullours : but 
then word came from the court that but one of them three was to 
Buffer for all tlie rest, and that the dice should be cast to trie who (hat 
one Rhould be : but when all came lo all, other word was brought, 
that the prince had Iw^ged all their lives for this time Ac, and so they 
were pardoned a!I three. — Allso that daye in the afternoone the 
solemniiit; of the Lord Almoner's washinge poore men's feele was kept 
4 performed solomncty tn Christchurch hall '.j 

[Anrhony ' Roper, esq., was buried in the north isle joyning to Ch. 
Ch. cboire\ M., 27 March 1643.] 

An. Dom. 1643 : 19 Car. I: (Wood aet. U.> 

*It was much laraenied by the relations of the father and mother 
of A. W. that he and his brother Christopher were left yong, when 
their father dyed, and that no body was left (because of the raging 
of tltc civil warr) to laJcc care of tlicm, only a woman. His eldest 
brother, Thomas, whome J shall mention under the ycare 1651, 
was then a rude and boisterous soldier. His second brother, Edward, 
was now a yong ncholler of Trinity CoSI. (lately of Merton) and did 
in this or in the next ycarc beare srmes for his majesty within llw 
garrison of Oxon, and was so farr from being a govemour or tutor 
to others, that he could scarcely govern himself. And his third brother 
Robert was in France in the thirteenth yeare of his age. In this 
condition he continued: and yet went to schoolc* at New coU.; 
but, by the great hurry and noise ihat was this yeare in Oxon, 



' ulded aftenraids by Tvrj-nc 

* here enda the ricerpt from Twync's 
'Maitering*.' 

' this lod the obilnary noticcx which 
Jollow from Ibis point arr I'rom Ihe MS. 
which Wood calls his ' Oxford Obiul ' 
or his • Obital book ' ; Wood }^ S. Y 4. 

* for intAtmcnU ia Ch. Cb. cathedral, 



dee Wood's grouni! plan ofthc cathedml 
at the end of vol. ii. of Clark's Wood's 
City of Oxford. For moDnmcnlal io- 
Bcri|itJoni in the cathedral, see Catch's 
Wood's Colleges and Halh, p. 467 sqq. 
• •coo1inocd:yttwcotMHlUo«cht»lc/ 
b the HarL MS. 



H 



WOOlfS LTFE Am) TIMES. 



and by Uiv absence of his master', he and his brolher lost much 
time. 

'This ycare the plate' which had been given to A. Wood at bis 
christning' by his godfathers and godmoiher^which was considerable 
— leas (witli all other plate* in Oxon) carried by liis majcstic's oom- 



' i.e. tlic mister of New Collie 
school abrurntcd himself from his duty 
during the oommotion utd confoKon 
of the year. 

* (he iiitmlioR ofthU note w to net up 
a claim for Wood himself to be uue of 
the 'loyal inffeicrs." 

' the words ' at his christning ' ore 
nilded from the Ilarl. MS. ; they uc 
omitted in the TatiiuT MS. 

' (cc tufra, p. 8i. Dr. Blisi gives 
the following note abont Celiac plate. 
* AccowQt of the College plate sent io to 
theMiotin 1C4I {[lirom MS. Tanner 33H;: 

The cathedral dmich of ib. oc dwt. 

Chriat 173 3 14 

Jc40S coU^c 86 1 1 5 

Oiiel 83 o 19 

Qnceot . .*.... .193 3 I 

Lincoln 47 ^ 5 

Uniwrsity 61 6 5 

Braseiittuiic iJi > 15 

&(. Mary Mnedftlcnc. . . 896 6 15 

All Souls 353 1 19 

Italliol 41 4 o 

Wcrton 79 ri 10 

Trinity 174 7 ]o 

Exeter '■4'i 5 ' 



1856 6 19 

Tt Till be rem.iiltcd that the omissions 
in ttiis list arc New College, Corpus, Si. 
John's, WatlhaTD iintl Pembroke. There 
is no Uwitt but that each of these col- 
lides concribntcd. Corpus tent in iheir 
l>kte shortly after the list was made, 
although the exact quajitity no where 
■ppcon. Til New CfiSIeyc no rei-ord nf 
the trnnsiction hns yet lieeii discorcrcd, 
bat that society has no plate of an age 
earlier than the reign of Charles the 
Second, (some few pieces hereafter cnn> 
mcntted excepled.t and in 11343, for Uie 
Gnt time, appear* a charge in tht bur- 
mt's books for gtani and horn drinking 
Tcnels, and shortly after for prutUr 



spoons for the nic of the waiden. Wad- 
ham, as is proved by n docnment in 
their Drchi^x^, conlnlnitcd loolb. tor. 
I fdwt. of white, and ajlb. 40Z. of gilt, 
pjalc : Pembroke has no plotc of aa 
earlier dale; whilst the following me- 
morandnm. taken ima the MS. account 
of the IJankenilk's very satisfactorily 
Bixounts for the untiuion nfSt. John's ; 
and in corroboration of the statement, 
the college register of 1643 sets down 
800/. as the exact sum paiil over to ibr.' 
king in the first instance. 

" I am informed by my worthy friend ■ 
Mr. Ridiitnl Red, that when King 
Charles y* first bad his rcsidcocc in Ox- 
ford, in y* time of onr civil war*, the 
king wanting ca«h to pay his soldiers, 
he wa« necessitated to said for the 
college plate to eoyne money, and ac- 
cordingly bad it delivered to him. But 
St. John's colletlge people bcin;: loath 
to loose the memory of their bcne&cton 
gave y"' king a mme of money to y* 
value of it, and so it iciid wiib them 
some time, bat y king's urgait occa- 
sions for money still pressing him frjr- 
ward, he sent to demand it a sci:iiiid 
time, and had it ; upon which y king 
ordered the rebus of Richard I^yly. the 
then president of Sl John's 1644, lo be 
put on the money coyn'd with y* plate. 
Mr. Kod did help me lo half a crown of 
this money, wh"* had y» rebus of kich. 
Uayly on both sidi-s; via under y» king 
ft horseback on ooe siiie, and under this 
motto : — 
REL . PRO . LE . ANG . UB . PAR. 

The Pintcslant religion, the laws of 
England, and the privil^c of [larlia- 
mcnt." 

' It may be added that a few. and but 
a fe^v, rcliqucs of the andcnl collegiale 
plate are «ill lo be loond in the Univer- 
sity ; in most hutanccs pieces either be- 
stowed by the fooDden, or givca by 



APKILy 1843. 



95 



liid to the mint at Newe Innc, and Uiere turned into money to pay 
his majesties armies. 

April.— [Paul Pert', scijcant of the counting hcDsc, was buried, 
S., I April ifi^3, in the north isle joining to Ch. Ch. choiw- I have 
printed his epitaph in 'Hist! et Antiq. Uni\-ers. Oxon.' lib. a p. 287 
and 288.] 

[Thursday', 6 ApriU, in the forcnoonc a wamingc came from 
his majestic, published in writinge upjion Christchurch gate under 
his majesties handcs, for all manner of troopers in Oxford thai either 
had heretofore served his majestic in the warres or were to serve him 
nowe. together with their ser\'ants or adherents, to present themselves 
before his majestic uppon Saturday momlnge in Ncwe parkes, tlKTC 
lo be ranked & distributed for service as his majcstie sihould sec good, 
for the guard of his majesties person &c. And in the aftemoone 
bis majestie had a vciwe of his owne troope at Newe parkcs &c. 

The nexte daye (7 Apr.), beingc Fridaye, in the morninge ail the 
lowne of Oxford, with the mayor & his brctliren. and all house 
keepers else inhabitingc in Oxford, bothe pri\nlcdgcd and freemen, 
beinge housekeepers, were called together to the court at Cbrisl- 



tpedftl benefacton, ind doabtlen saved 
from tbc f^icral wreck out of a gnttrful 
respect to the memory of the donors. 
Thus at Exdcr utUcgc, there U a salt* 
Miliar of very licatiliful workmanship ; at 
Oriel, tJiiec piece*, a grace nip ulvcr- 
gilt gi»tn by kini; Kdward the Second, 
a ctaicr ImwI and a cocoa-nut set in 
silver, a present £roin Carpenter, bUhop 
of Worcester, about 1470; al CorpUK, a 
remarkably chaste and fine chalices, two 
BaU-«cllnrfi, silvcr-giltj ooc of utqniate 
hcauty formerly Hisfaop Fox's, and some 
si>oon» of cciQiiderable antiquity ; at 
Queen'*, the celebrated honi, given by 
tbc foDiider according to one tradition, 
by queen Philippa as othcrB say, and 
the communion plate (i<^3t and 1637). 
At New college are several fine pieces; 
a ult-»cllar of singular dcsifpi, an ape 
holdui); A large crysial enclosed in silver 
l^t, and at the bottom satyrs in gro* 
lesqnc altitRdex: this, together ttidi a 
bow) of fignrcd ware elc^nnlly wt in 
•ilveT, wa« given by arciitiishop War- 
ham \ two standmg cups with covers, 
one given by Walter liyll; and three 



nota Mt In silver, one apparently of con- 
siderable nnli<)uity rcprcs<^iting a vine 
with Its hrancbtni. running up the cup, 
and hcdgetl in with a mde paling of sil- 
ver; a second, not »o old, resting nn 
small iciilptu(c<l angels ; the thiidgireti 
t>y Catharine Baylic, who died in lAoa 
At 'Iiinity, a chalice of eLit>ontc work, 
and in excellent taste, which there Kcms 
00 reason to doubt come from the abbey 
at St. Alhan's, and falling into the hands 
of sir Thnnias Pope, was bestowed by 
him on his newly rounded college. Christ 
Chaich has a large solver originally be- 
longing to Osncy Abbey ; and the com* 
munion plate at St. John's (15A6). New 
Culli-gi; i;i<ioz). Bniscnnow (1608), as 
well OS a chaliocat Kalliol (1614), Oriel 
(1641), Wsdham ^abont 1613), arc all 
anterior to the reign of Charles the First, 
and were probably concealed dtn-lng the 
ciril wars.'— Sec also Th€ CetJiga ^ 
OxforJ [Mcthocn, 1891], pp. 89, 135, 
a67. i.^8. 413- 

■ note in Wood MS. F 4. 

• Twync's Musltrinp, rennied. 



9fi 



IVOOirs UFE AND TIMES. 



church, bis majcslic and the lords beingc in the council chamber 
(\dz. the chapter house), where the mayor & his brethren A: assistants 
were called in to his majeslie & the lords, — the commonaltie, pmi- 
ledged men & freemen beingc in Chrisich. hall &c — (he principall 
molion beinge about a garrison to be*kept here in Oxford by the 
Univcrsitie & the townc uppon his majesiie's departure hence when- 
soever it should happen &c. Wliat was said or done in it, as yet 
I knowe not &c. nor who was the chcife man that broke the matter 
to the company in Christ church hall &c. — That afCernoone, mectinge 
witli Dr. (Thomas) Clajion, I happened to askc him about it & 
whether he was warned as an house keeper to come thither or not 
about any such biisinesse &c. He saidethat a towne sergeant came 
la him to wame him to come to Gildliall as uppon that dayc morn- 
inge, and from thence to goe to the court to attend his majestic's 
pleasure, Ac. Where uppon he sent to the mayor Mr. Dennys to 
knowe whether he sent any such warninge or not, who answered 
tliat he sent word only for such priviledged men as did trade to come 
tliilher & for none else : but whether the priviledged men did come 
thither or not, I knowe not as yet, &c. 

Saturday, 8 Aprill in the aftemoone, all troopers & horsemen that 
were then m Oxford presented themselves before his majestie In Newe 
parke, where they were severed into 3 rankes or companies as I con- 
ceived ; but what was further done about them, as yet 1 knowe not, 
&c: divers were ranked under troopes thai formerly were of none. 

This wceke beingc Easter wi-ckc, and the governor of the cittic 
appointed by his majestie (viz. Sir Jacob Ashley) beingc sicke, there 
was another {viz. .Sir John Penniman) joyncd with him ; though others 
conceived that the old gentleman (Sir Jacob) w.is displaced, why or 
wherefore I knowe not. — This wteke allso the cutt was made thorough 
Timber yarde^ for the passage of the water from Mcrton College 
privies, and the old passage under Chrisichurch garden wall (viz., 
the garden to Dr (William) Stroud's lodginge). and the other 
slinckiiige ditch, were slopped up. — Allso uppon occasion of a dcepc 
trench digged about that lime from llie corner of Mcrton College 
wall to the physickc garden, there w*ere digged out a great many 
of stones; which as it wa.*) conjectured were used there for the build- 
inge of some vaults or subterranean passages", the earth allso being© 
found to be made ground all there abouts, viz. some blacke earth, 

' »ee Clark'i Wood's City of Oxford, water pipe* th«t oime from HalyvrcU 
it isS. to Mcnoo College.' 

* Wood notes in the nuirgin :— * Uic 



APRIL, 1643. 



97 



other red, without any vcynes of gravell, whereof it seemcs it had 
formerly * byn robbed, which gave occa^on to some of the digsers, & 
other plebeians then present, to imagin, yea & stifFcly to mainclayn, 
that diere had byn a mote in former ijines, and that this towne 
had byn formerly moted atx>ut on the south side allso as well as 
on the north side, which on* my part (beinge uppon a. time there 
present) I denied, aflirmingc that this towne was moated only on the 
north side, allso partly cailw aid, & partly westward, especially ever since 
the buildinge of the castle on the west ende of the towne ; for what 
it was before that lime we knowe not; though certaine it is that 
It was a walled towne longe before the buildinge of the castle, in 
the Saxons' time (and perhaps allso in the Britons' times) whereof we 
have good proofe &c 

Tuesday, 1 1 of Aprill, the kinge had his troopers in Newe parke 
againc in the ailcrnoone, where they were trained Ac.; and so againe 
uppon <J4 Apr.) Friday that weeke [and' (i8 Apr.) ihe Tuesday 
followinge.] 

Saturday *, Sunday, & Afunday that weeke, many forces sent out 
of Oxford & the parts adjacent for the releife of Readinge, bescigcd 
by the earle of Essex & parlament forces — God prosper his majestie's 
businesse &c.— prince Rupert and his brother prince Maurice beinge 
not domi but mt'litiae in other places. 

This weeke' allso the parlamentary committee that were a few 
dayes before sent hither to his majeslie to Oxford to treat together 
about propositions and articles of peace & disbandinge of armies, 
were sent for backe againe home to Lundon by the houses of parla- 
ment ; and so dcpaned re infecla and the treatie dissolved & broken 
up ; and then presently after, the earle of Essex advanced to Kedinge 
with his forces, as aforesaidc. 

At the latter ende allso of this weeke, the cutt of groundc toward 
the further ende of East bridge by St Clement's was made for the 
lettingc in of Charwcll river the better to owrflowe Cbristchurch 
mede and Cowley landcs about Millham bridge*, by the mcctingc 
of Charwetl and Thames together, for defence of the cittie &c. 

Allso, Sunday i6 April, 1643, in the forenoonc in sermon time 



' Twyne here inicrted between the the Ittcr hwid bu changed this to ' mat} 



ltDC« ' to have,' omitting lo strike oot 
the preceding 'it hud.' The later haiitl 
wekfc lo combine both readings by b- 
»Tling here ' used to have.' 

' the MS, bai) pcihaps ■ one/ i.e. ' on* ; 



■ added by Twyiic later. 

' April 15, 16, 17, 

* that endit^ Sat. Apr. 15. 

' KC CUilt's Wood's City uf Oxford, 



WOOtrs UFE AND TIMES. 



at St Marie's Clnirch, uppon ilie nortli ^oorc, there was a paper* 
found pasted, in a fayre luilian hand, thus inscribed': — 

QuaesthHts tlmutiotdat i» Sfkota^ Jurifprudtntiae dit 19 hujtts mtnsis. 

An militia irgni sit mnlitia pulinnicnti ? Ncg. 

An protestatio pailunenuha rit dcterior joTunento cnm &c.? Nrg. 

An ccclcsis pura Scaticana debcat esse moderatrtx corrnptae tcdcsiae Angli- 
caau? Aff. 

Rfspendfntt Alnnndrci Hcodersono, Soolonun catntnissionuio ; Op/ontnitf 
qnicUDqac thIc. 

But in the aftemoone, when Dr (John) Oliver preached, it was not 
there to be scene. 

Wednesday, 19 Aprill, at evcninge, alwut 6 of the cIcKke, hia 
majeslie's forces (of horse especially) went out of Oxford in all 
ha»t, to meet with the parlamentar^- horsemen about Abington (as 
it was saide) in number about 200, Redinge beinge then beseiged 
by the lord of Essex : but what became of that businesse, I knowc 
not. 

Friday, ai Aprill, there came into Oxford from Worcester (as 
it was said) about foure-score & fifteenc cart loades of ammunition, 
and was conveyed to his majesde's magazine in Newe College and 
else where; for 1 could not leame the ccrtaintie ilicreof: but some 
cart loades of stuffe and bedtlinge was driven into the court at Christ- 
church fire. 

The next day after (33 Apr.), beinge Saturdaye*, prince Maurice 
returned to Oxford from Glocestcrshire parts & followinge of Sir 
William Waller whom he drove into Glocester, much wounded, as 
it was saide, &c. It was saide that the Scottish commissioners ft 
other Scotts were dismissed this wecke &c. 

Sundayc (23 Apr), toward eveninge, a company of foote soldiers 
marched out of Oxford toward Dorcliestcr; where the rcndevous was 
appoynted for that night, and so toward Redinge. In this company 
llic kinge's standard was borne &c. There were allso fowrc other 
culburs carried, but not in that array as they should be. And 
uppon Munday morninge (34 Apr.) there was a great rumotir 
here in Oxford, as if all chose soldiers had byn cutt of that night 
by the parlamcnt forces at Dorchester: but (God be thanked) it 
proved otherwise. 



' in the fashion of an ordinary notice 
of a dc'gtM cxcrciic : kc Clark's Ke^. 
UnW. Oxon 11. i. 74. 

' Twyne aolcs in ii»c marji^n : — ' Mr, 
. . . EUon brought me ihis coppie whieb 
be aawe upon the doorc' 



* Twyue note* in the mni^n that the 
Low School wai ' then a siorehotiie for 
come and cheeK for the k'm^'i promion.* 

' Wood note* in the mar^a : — ' aa 
Apr., kine's lettcn, vide loos paper.* 



^pj?/L—sfAy,ie^3. 



99 



Mumlay, 34 April, his majestic tooke hLi journey from Oxford 
toward Rcadinge betwixt 7 & 8 of the clocke in the morninge, & 
hy ihat night (as it was saide) in Walingford. And at dinner time 
prince Rupert returned from Lichfeild to Oxford ; and after he 
had refreshed himsclfe a little at Oxford & dined, he tookc his journey 
after ihe kin^c toward Wallinjjford, with all his company ; an abun- 
dance of soldiers bollic horse and foole came in and went out of 
Oxford after the kings, that daye; and the next daye allso &c. His 
majcstie tookc with him, his eldest sonnc prince Charles, but the 
yoonge duke of Yorke he left behinde him with his tutor (the bishop ' 
of Salisbury) at Clirislchurcli &c.— AUso that daye and the next daye 
the cunlry men of the trained bands of tins county, bcingc sum- 
inone<!, came in and appeared here at Oxford, to receive order about 
a garri>.on to he made up of them, for the defence of the Universitie 
& dttie of Oxford duringe his majestie's absence, by the lords and the 
commissioners of the councell of warre which bis majestie had left 
here. What became of the businessc, I knowe not. 

Thurscdaye, 27 of Aprill, after much fightingc & bloodshed about 
the toniie of Readinge, the said towne was yeilded up to the paila- 
ment forces &c. 

The next daye, licinge Friday (28 Apr.), there was not so much 
as a drutnme mo heard to beaie, all the morninge {as usually they 
did) in Oxford, nor any tramplingc of horses &c ; but every ihinge 
bush and silent. 

Uppon Saturday ^29 Apr.) his majestie returned home to Oxford 
by dintter time, and in the aftemoone all the horse & footc, together 
with prince Rupert and prince Maurice, returned to Oxford with 
all their forces, and with the garrison allso that came out of Kedinge, 
a very great number in all, and about 40 cullours &c. 

May'. — Tuesday (2 May), a great number of footc men were 
led forth out of Oxford towards Abington, viz. to quarter there abouts 
and about Newnham, to kccpc out the earle of Essex his forces from 
gocingu to Salisbury, as it was noysed. Others sayc that they staye 
tlierc to expect a battcll with Essex bis forces Sec. They have pitched 
their Icnts there for their rcndcvons. 

This wecke the workes of fortificaiion ' in St. Clement's parish were 



* tbe Iftter hmid ootes ' Dr. {Brian) 
Doppa.* 

» in Wood MS. F. 4, Wood notes :— 
'Sir Aathoajr Browne, knight, clerk- 
coDlroIln, was buried between Ifae 
graTcs of Antbony Roper ntid Pnui Perl, 



W., 3 May .645.* 

' Wood notes in the margin : — ' Mr. 
Rnwliiuoo of (Jncen's (I.e. Xalpti Kall- 
iogsoa) cfiKiuocr, vi<le (Kcf^. Convoc.) 
S. <foI.> 37.* 



U 2 



lod 



WOOERS LIFE AND TIMES. 



begnn. Coloncll Feildinge «*» questioned allso before the lords of 
the councell of warre, and condemned (as it is said) for yeeldinge up 
of Rcdiiigc towne lo Uie earle of Ksscx by ircchcry & oilrcr the like 
basenessc &c : see the articles of the jcclclinge up of Readings in 
Mercuric i 17th weckc conccniinge the deliveringe up of ccrtaine 
soldiers to the carle of Essex, who were fled from his army to the 
kinge's part in the towne, whereof his excellence forsoothe hanged 
some, and shot others, for forsakinge tlieir rebellion & rcturningc 
to their duetie & obedience to their sovcraigne leigc lord &c. 

Uppon Ascension daye bcinge Thursdaye May {4) at ereningc the 
duke of Richmund, who had byn with the quccnc in Holland, came to 
the court. 

[Su., 7 May' 1643, vide printed loose paper.] 

[29 May", M., Acta convocalionis (in Registro Convoc.) S. <foL) 
39.] 

June. — [5 June', M., 1643, scholars at work at the works and 
beare armes : vide loose paper.] 

About the 8 or 9 of June 1643, the parlament forces advanced 
irom Redinge, & came stealinge alongc, amonge & under llie 
wooddes, to Ncltlebcd, and so little by Hulc to Stokcnchurch, from 
whence they gott under the covert of the woods lo Tame, where & 
about the necre adjacent plares they quartered, we at Oxford ihinkinge 
that their intention had byn to come directly uppon us, and to bcscige 
our towne, &c. ^Vhe^euppon his majesiie's leaguer removed from 
Abynglon warde, & was drawcn 10 BulHugton greene, & quartered 
in tlic villages tliercabouts. The wcckc fullowingc, viz. on Munday 
June 12, 13, 14. &c. the houses at Si Clement's parish, as many u 
were without the works, were pulled downe ', and Barthelmewe's 
grove or ulmetum was cult downe* all in one daye, for feare lest the 
enemie draweinge neere to beseige the towne, might harbor there in 
&c, and the trees were sold to diverse men &c. 

That wcckc alUo, his majrstie sent bothe to the Universitie & the 
towne for another supply of money, m. iooo/i. of the Uniwrsiiie, & 
as much of the towne, or else lliingcs could not goe one for ihe 
present safetie of his majestic & of bolhe the bodies &c. The 
schollers wrought & digged for the raisinge of the workcs and 
ibrtifications in Christchurch mead. Sec the printed orders. 



' note inserted hj Wood. 
* note jott«d by Wood at the fool of 
the p«ge, and tcurcd odl 



* KC Clark's Wood's City of Oxfotd. 
i. i86. 

* ice tUd. iL 517. 



MAY—yUNE, 1643. 



101 



14 of June and 3 or 4 dayes following his majcsiifi borT<V!»tijLor il»e 

Universille 2000//, and of ihe town 2000/i". and 500//. _.-; * 

Friday, belnge 17 of June, towarde night, joyefull newes came ttf the 
court of the great victory obtained by his nxajesiie's forces in the wast:' 
\\Ticreuj)pon, the bells & bonfires were sett on workc in Osfordj ail* 
alongc the streets and in Chrtstchurch quadrangle, &c. 

Sunday, iS June', a great skinnish l>etwixt the kinge's forces, led 
by prince Robert, and the parlamcnt forces, about Chislington hridgc, 
foure miles southeast ward from Oxford, or rather at a place called 
Chinnor neare Tame, where prince Robert had the victory of them, 
retumingc liome about noone with diverse prisoners and 2 or 3 
Cornells taken from the enemy &c. — Ncwcs allso was brought of 
another battelt lately fought in L)'ncolnshire by one Cavendish the 
carie of Newcastle's brother &c. much joye for this and ringingc bells 
at Christchurch Ac. — In the other skirmish or fight, about Chiimor, ic 
was saide that Uamden ^ was either mortally wounded or slaine ; ft 
Uiat Godwine was one of ihcm that were burnt in a barne, fired at 
that lime by some of prince Rupert's soldiers, wlicrin many round- 
heds were gotten &c, but this was not so. Amonge the prisoners 
there taken & sent to Oxford, there were 4 or 5 Oxford lowncsmen, 
viz. a ceriaine joyner' by name . . .* & one Jellyman, and a man 
of alderman (John) Nixon's, which alderman had fled to London 
uppon tlie kinge's comminge hither ; and these were to be banged 
the next dayc, bcingc Monday; but ihey gott loose out of prison, and 
ran awaye, &c., as captaine Windegatc had done before, when coloneU 
Feildinge (who betrayed Redinge to the carle of Essex) should ha%'e 
byn behedded' in the Castle yard at the latter cnde of Maye. 

June 23, Friday morninge, great thunder, raine, and hail at Oxford, 
by which Christ Church steeple 011 the south-east side was sliaken and 
some stones fell out. 



' « Ultlc later in tlic MS. Twjrnc gives 
thia scwspapcr eittict about this skii> 
miib : — ' Sunday, the 18 of June, a 
gml lighl betwixt the kuigc'siuid the 
paflamcat'a forces aX ft pUcc called 
Chinnor, lome 3 mile beyond Tune 
whuc the carle of EU«x then layc, 
wbcTc prince Robert was la great dan- 
gcf, but came of agnJne with hcmor and 
wone the feild, Hamiien wounded, of 
which he died a few dates oftirr, etc — 
Mc the Mtrairim in the J^lb wtcke.' 

' John Hampden wonndcd on Chal- 



grove field. So., iS June, died at Tharac, 
S., 34th Jane. Wood 319 (J) are 
' Elegies on the death of colooeU John 
Hani|Mlcn,' liy J. S., Lond. 1643; Wood 
noting that Hainjulen was ' a grand 
relwll uf Rnckv' 

* I think the word Is 'ioyner', Le. 
joyner, with the i not dotted, and not 
' coyJicr ' as Hcamc reads it. 

* blank in MS. ; Wood notes in the 
niargln * Walker. q( nacre).' 

^ altered by th« later hand to 'be- 
bended.' 



lOA 



WOOrfS LIFE AND TTS^ES. 



[2},'jtine\ Tuesdajr, soldiers to be p^d by scholars, vide loos 
pap<f(-;*and allcgalion against taxing scholars.] 
.•l9_of June, bcingu Su Peter's dayc, in the afiemoonc a mcclingc of 
;Hi(ft8r' of howaes al the Viccchancellor his lodgingc in Oriel CoUedge, 
•t^ advice about the order, sent to the Universilic frotn his mnjestie 
'ftjid the rest of his commissioners and of the counccll of warre, con- 
ceminge the towne's motion to have the priviledged persons inhabi- 
tants of the towi>e to be jojned & concurre widi them and their 
5 or 6 hundred soldiers which they would raise & niainetainc, if 
occasion served, for the towne's defence ; from which modon they 
were all most averse &c., refusingc utterly lliat their priviledged persons 
should be joyned with the towne, but that they should be joyned with 
the schoUers who were to be listed, and were actually listed, for scnice 
in warre as to the defence of this Universitie & towne, and whereof 
there had assembled 400 of them that momingc in Christchurch 
mede &c. — That \tTy eveningc allso, the Vicechanccllor, accompanied 
with 3 or 4 other of the beds of houses, delivered a pctidon in tlie 
Univcrsitie's name 10 his majestic, for the free use & enjoycinge of 
their liberties & privilcdgcs, so much wronged & violated, in so 
many passages, as in the taxinge of priviledged persons, and the like 
&c: to which his majestie gave a grattous answer for Utai tim<^ as 
Mr. Vicechanccllor told roe : but what will become of it further, as 
yet we knowe not &c. 

July '. — July 6 *, Thursday, a piiblickc thankesgivingc app>ointed to 
be held here in Oxford by his majestic, for the late victory in the 
north, with a sennon preached in Christchurch by my lord archbishop 
of Armali ^James Usher), & another at St. Mane's &c. Tlu-ec or 
4 nights before that daye there had byn bonfires in OKford u[^n 
that occasion &c. 

8 of July, Saturday eveningc, good rewes brought to the court at 
Oxford, conccminge the takinge of Leeds in Yorkeahire & 2 or 3 
other places ihereabouis, by a great victory obtained over ihem by the 
kinge's forces. That cvcninge allso good tidinges from the west 
country, of a great victory obtained by his majcslie's forces there 
under prince Alaurice and marqucsse of Hartford & Sir Ralph 



' note jotted by Wood at the foot of 

the pftgc, and then sccttd out. 

* altered Iiy 11 later hand to ' beada.* 
' in Wood MS. F- 4 Wood notes :— 
'Sir WillisRi Wiseman, baronet, buiied 
in the chuich of St. Peter in the ICasl, 



S., I July 1643.— Sir John Spelraan, 
knight, liuiied in the chaaccll of Su 
Marie's church, W., a6 July 1643 : ion 
of Sir Henry Spelman the ojitiquarie.* 
• 'July 8 'in MS. 



yi/A'E -'AUG. 164^3. 



103 



Hopton against the parliament's forces, led by Sir William Waller &c 
Bonfires made over all Oxford &c. 

The Tuesday foUowcinge ^i ■ July) prince Maurice returned home 
10 Oxford, havingc received a defeate in the west cuntry by Waller 
about a place called the Vizc ' ; who went backc againe the next daye 
witli more forces to encounter Waller &c. 

Thursday, 13 of July, tlie kinge with his troopes that were here 
in Oxford, with the youngc prince & the duke of Yorkc, rode forth 
to meet the quecnc comininge out of the north cunlry, and ihcy mett 
together at Edge hill, where the battcll was. 

And on Friday? (14 July) in the ewninge the kinge and qucene, 
with all their trainc, came into Oxford. 'I'hey rode intoChristchurch 
in a coach, and as soonc as Uiey were alighted, the kinge had the 
qucene to her owne lodgings or court appoynted in Merlon college 
through Corpus Christi backeside &c. ; where there w-ts a speech made 
to the qucene for her enteri-iinement & wellcome ; bookes of verses 
& gloves presented to her by the Univcraitie. Mr. Dennys, the 
mayor of the towne, accompanied only with his mace bearer on 
horse backe. brought his majestic into Christ-church, the mayor in 
Rcarlelt bearinge the mace uppon his owne shonlder, ridlngc with 
Garter the cheife of the heraldes &c. hut no oilier of the towne came 
with him ; and of the Universiiie there rode none at all &c. — That 
daye allso, or the daye before, came joyefiiil newes to Oxford of the 
good successe of the kinge 's forces at the Vize against Waller, and 
howe he was quite vauquislied &c. Ringingc of bells over all the 
towne &c. 

And uppon the next, viz. Saturday ('5 July) all the common 
soldiers then at Oxford were newe apparrclled, some all in red, coates, 
breeches, & mounicers; & some all in blewe*.] 

Angust. — [William Killlngtre', esq., was buried in the middle 
north isle joj'ning to Ch. Church choire, ¥.. 4 Aug. 1643. 

Steven Scanderet, yeoman of the wardrobe to his majestic, was 
buriedin the north isle joyning to Ch.Cb. catliedrall, W., 16 Aug. 1643. 

Sir William Pennyman, bt., govcrnour of the garrison of Oxon, 
was buried in the south isle joyning to Ch. Ch. choire, Th., 34 Aug. 



* ' DeTu«3 ' added in the margin bjr s 
later hand. 

* herecBdstbcMS.,Twyne*s'MBstcr- 
U^*; the later hand (which I take lobe 
that of Thomas Rawlins of Fo|'liilU) 
haa aotcd here 'pMB»«lFcb. 17th ijj!,' 
aad hA» noted tbc coinjxus of the M& 



'From 9th Ai^* 164,1 to 15U1 July 
1643." Twync died 4 Joly 1644. 

* tbcK obitcary boIcs are trom the 
MS. which Woud calli ' Oxford Obital ' 
or ' OIJltA] Suok * (DOW nMiked Wuvd 
MS. F. 4;. 



3Q* 



WOOrfS ITFE AfW TIUES. 



1643. I hav-c primed his epitaph in ' Hist- et Aniiq. UnivcR, Oxon.' 
(edit. 1674) lib. 2 p. 290 col. 2. — Anne Pennyman, Oie relict of Sir 
William Pennyman. buried by her husband, 18 July 1644. 

Edward Holt, esq., heir apparent to (Sir Thomas) Holt, (of 
Aston), baronet, was buried in the south isle joyning to Ch. Ch. 
choire ncare 10 ihe head of bishop (Robert) King's monument, W., 
30 Aug. 1643.] 

8«ptember.^[Franci8 Bcrlic*, fourtJi son to the earl of Lyndsey 
(Robert Bcriic). was slainc in Newbury figlu, W., 20 Sept. 1643, in 
the king's service. Whose body being embalmed was reposed in the 
™ult belonging to AU hallowes Church. Which being afterwards 
removed was interred in the chancell of Wjtham Church by Cumnore 
in Berks, by the bodies of Edward Wrey and Edward Sackvill 
esquires. T., 10 Oct. 1658.] 

October. — [William Villiers', viscount Grandison, buried in the 
south isle joyning to Ch. Church choire, neare to the dore leading 
into the church-yard, M., 2 OcL 1643- There is a monument 
lately put up for him by his daugliter Barbara, dutchess of Cleveland.] 

['643 *. IV OcL, Convocation.] 

[Sir John Burroughes *, Garter King of Armes, was buried in the 
middle (a little more towards the upper part) of the Divinity Chappcll, 
Su., 32 Oct. 1643. 

Roger Jones, viscount Ranelagh in Ireland, was buried in S. 
Peter's Church in the East, M., 30 Oct. 1643. He was president erf" 
Connaught there, and died of the cpidemicall disease then raging in 
Oxon.] 

November. — [Nov.* 3, F., John Bainbridge, Dr. of Phisick, died; 
and was buried afterwards at the upper end of the choir at the high 
altar (in S.John Bapl. cliurch) ; buried with escocheons.] 

[Gcorg Aglionby*. D.D, and dcanc of Canterburj-, was buried at 
the foot of bishop (Robert) Kind's monument in the south isle joyning 
to the choire of Ch. Ch., S., 1 1 Nov. 1O43.] 

[William ^Levins* of BoUcy in Berks ncarc Oxon, son of William 



' note ID WmkI MS. F. 4. 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4. 

' note by Wood in M^ BalUrd 6S : 
Id the tame MS. he notes ii]»o ' 1645, 
October, <e*irl of) Pftnbroke articled 
a{;ainin and liira«d out (of the Cbanccl- 
lotship ot the L'tkivcnily) ; tee paper 
oil u)y tahle.' 

* oalea m Wood MS. F. 4. 



• note la Wood MS. E 33 and MSv 
Rawl. II. 403 a. 

• iio(e in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 63. 

• note in Wood Ma F. 4 p. Ra. 

' Wood gi*es these ana* :— ' arRcnt 
on a bend sable 3 cfcallopf of the ticid 
(LerlDil: impalinf;. ^<t a wiTcm 
pauant argnt ^ Brent].* 



AUG, — DEC. 1643. 



105 



Levins of Oxon, was buried at the west end of Allsainls Church, T^ 
t4 Nov. 1643, H(! mairicil KlUalwlh ' one of the daughters of 
Anchor Brent of Liule Wolforcl in com. Warwick ; by whom he had 
issu, Robert (master of Arts of L>iicoln Coll., afterwards a captainc 
in the King's army, and exet:ulcd for l:ts lo^-aUic against tin; Old 
Exchang in Corahill on S. the 13 July 1650, anno actatis 35, leaving 
then a widdow named . . . daughter of Sir Peregrine Bertie son 
of Robert carle of Lindsey), then Richard, and a daughter (named 
. . . , who was married to . . . Spencer, a chandler Hving in the parish 
of St. Peter in the Baylie, sometimes chamberlain of the city of 
Oxon).— The said Elizalx-ili, wife of William Lcvinz, was buried by 
her husband, . . . 1646.] 

December. — [Dec' 4, M., Richard North, one that came wth 
the queen's retinew died, buried in the north part of the outward 
chapel (of Merlon College).] 

[Sir' Peter Wjche, ki., controuler of the king's house, buried ncarc 
ibe lord Grandison's grave, Th., 7 Dec. 1643 : father to Sir Cyrill 
Wyche. 

Caplaine John Sacvyle, buried under ihc north wall of the north irans- 
ccpt joyning to the body of Ch. Ch. cathedral!, T., 12 Decemb. 1643. 

Sir Ricliard Lydall, kt., was buried in Su Peter's Church in the 
East, S., 16 Dec. an. dom. 1643.] 

(Wood 619 (1) is John White's *A first century of scandalous 
malignant priests,' Lond. 1643; pretium is. td.: it has this note by 
Wood: — 'few or no Oxford scholars are mentioned in this most vile 
ocntut).') 

(Wood hiu few Oxford pamphlets of diis year. — 

(1) Wood 514 no. 13 ; ' A true reUtioo of tile cruelty* od . . . priioQcis at 
Oxford, Th., 9 Feb. 1643 ' (i.e. l), Londotu 

(a) Wood 514 no. 13 ; 'llic inbumiinity of Ibe King's priion-kccpcr ■! Oxford,* 
Load, itf^j. 

(5) Wood 376 A ao. I j6 is a pioclamation by the king ordericf^ coUcctioni Co be 
mftde in Oxford cbuichcs for (he wounded Loyaliits Iti and nboul Oxford: a 
previont owner liai thi( note la tl : — * This wa« red publikely in the afurc»idc 
places at tbe time appointed, Snoday 7 of May 1643.') 

(In Wood MS. E. 4 p. 336 in a Mtst of matters to be put in the 
next edition of his history ' Wood mentions a * Caialoguu of all scholars 
that were officers in the King's army, annis 1641, 43, 43': but there 



' uder of »r Nathaniel 
warden of Mert. ColL 
* note In Wood MS. E 33. 



Brent, ' notes ia Wood MS. F 4 p. 6^ 

* KC Dote p. 48. 



io6 



WQOtfS UFE AND T/JfES. 



a 00 evidence that Wood ever compiled snch a Catalogue. A list 
for Pembroke College is however found in Wood MS. F aS, fol. 241.) 



<ie4; : Wood aet. 12.) 

Jannaiy. — [Jan. 30, T., 164^, de curia cancellarii': (vide Reg. 
Con\-oc.> S. foL 52, 55.] 

Pobmary.— [Sir'Thomas Byron buried on the left side of the lord 
Graiidison's grave in Ch. Church, F., 9 Kcbr. 1643 (i.e J).] 



An. Dom. 1644: 20 Car. I: (Wood act. 12.) 

March. — [Sir' John Smyth, "tt^ major gcncrall, third son of Sir 
Fr.intia Smylh of Wotton-wawen in the countie of Warwick, bt., died 
S. ihe 30 March 1644 of his wounds received the day before in the 
fight of Bmmdeane in Hampshire : buried in the isle joyning on the 
soudi side of Ch. Church chotre. There was a fair marble stone Uyd 
over his grave anno 1671 by Sir Francis Tlirogmorton of Great 
Coughlon in WarwicsUire, hia sister's son ; but the epitaph on it was 
made by me * and I intend to print it hereafter in the next edition of 
my book.] 

April.— [John lord Stuart, brother to the duke of Richmond, was 
buried neare the high allar in Ch. Church choire, F., 5 Apr. 1644 on 
the left side of the grave of Georg lord Aubigny. He died of his 
wounds that he Iiad received at Bramdene fight. — Bernard, lord 
Smart, earl of Lichfeild *, buried on the left side of his brother John, 
lord Stuart, W., the 11 of March 1645 (i.e. ^). lie (was) skine in 
a fight nearc Chester in Febr. going before. 

lilizabcih Curwen, genUewoman, buried in ihe cathedrall of Ch. 
Church, T., 23 Apr. 1644.] 

(Wood 376 A no. 127 is a proclamation by the king directing the 
raising of a regiment to serve in garrison in Oxfurd under the carl of 
Dover", dated 28 Apr. 1644. A previous owner has headed it 'The 
Universltie's Militia ordered by his Majestic/ and has written this 
note: — 'Tuesdaye the 14 of Maye 1644 the regiment of schollcrs 



' jgtting by Wood in MS. Bftllard 6S 
p. S?. 

* note from Wood MS. F. 4. 

' from Wood MS. F. 4, pj*. 67, 68. 

* K« it in Gulch'» Wood's Coll. ani] 
lUlU, p. 470. 



' the title of carl of Lichfield wmi to 
be conferred on liemajrd htuart, but tie 
died before the pMeat passed the gicat 
ioH. On to Dec. lO^fj ttic title was 
cunferral on bis ncphvw Charles Stuail. 

• Ilairy Ciirey, litil carl. 



DEC. 1643 — MAY, 1644. 



107 



and strangers here spoken of, new]y listed and raised, shewed Uicir 
armes and mustered in Majjdalcn Coll. grove to ihe number of (130 
or thereabouts. The nest TucsJaye after, being 31 of Maye 1644, 
boihe tlie Universitic regiment and the Towne regiment mustered 
agalne at Bullington and Coweley Grcienc, the King's majeslie being 
present at both raeetinges; the earlc of Dover himselfe in person con- 
ducted and led the Universltie regiment, and Mr. Thomas Smith llic 
brewer bcinge then mayor was coloncll of the Towne regiment.') 

May. — ' May 29, on Wednesday, being the eve of the Ascension, 
Robert (Devereux) earl of Essex, generalissimo of the parliament 
rorccs. and Sir William Waller, going with their Forces ' from Abendon 
over S.mdford Ferry, and so thro Cowley and over IJullington Green 
(10 the end that they miglit go towards Islip'), faced the city of Oxon 
for several hourcs, whilst their carriages ^Itpt away behind them. 
This gave some tenor to the garrison of Oxon, his maj. being thtn 
therein ; and great taike there was that a siege would suddenly fotlo^y. 
Mr. A. Wood's mother therefore resolving, that he and his brother 
Christopher should be remowd out of harme's way, she sent them 
with an horse and man into the country : and because tJie infection 
was tlien in Oxon, she ordtrr'd that l}icy shoulJ be conveyed to Tcis- 
wonh, ten miles distant from Oxon ; where they continued for a fort- 
night or more in the house of Rich. ' Sciense, then called the Catherine 
Wheel, now* a great new built inn of brick (1683') at the lower end 
of the towne. There, 1 say, they continued till it was thought that thvy 
had no infection about ttiem, and then they were conveyed two miles 
on one side of Tetsworth. to a mcrkate towne called Tliamc, and 
there they were set downe and conveyed into the vicaridge house 
neare to and on the north side of the church, where they were very 
lovingly received by the vicar Mr. Thomas Henant and his wife 
Elizabeth one of the daughters of Leonard Pettie gent, kinsman to 
the mother of A^nihony) and Ch^risiopher) Wood ; in which house 



' Wood 514 (14) ii'Two pnjxn; 
for tbe Ml'ety of hia DAJeKyi pcnoo, 
the other for the prescrvarioo of Oiford,' 
Oxford 1644; in which a note (in ihe 
blind, 1 tliink, uf G<mn] I_.aiiglninv) 
sty* 'thii was when the anny of Ihe 
cstle of £sKx and the purliament forces 
oune muching to Oxford over Saodford 
ferry, uid to to Cowley and Cowley 
fl Tw n g and Bnlllngion Greene on the 
cast ndc of Oitwd, Wedn. May 39, 
1644.' 



* at Itlip they got on (o the main 
line of road from London to Worcester : 
ace in the sererol edllloiu of Ogilby's 
•Rooda.' 

■ ' Rich '(aid) buth in the Taonci 
and Hatl. Mh.S. ii in pencil: in the 
Harl., 'Science.' 

* 'i68j', is pB( by Wood •■ a 
marginal note here in the Harl. MS., 
laier than the text. 

* ' idSj'isin pencil, and Inserted bcrc 
only in the Taiiaei MS. 



]o8 



IVOOD'S LIFE AND T/MJ^S. 



their ihrce eWrr bmthere Iiad before Bojoum'd while they went to the 
free school in Tliame [, founded ' by John lord Williams of Tharnc] 
Afterw ards they were entred into the said school, there ' to be educited 
till they were fit to be Academians or apprentices. The master of 
that school was William Burt', Mr. of A(rts), somtimes fellow of 
New Coll-, who bcrorc had married EUzabcUi, one of the daughlcni of 
Maximilian Pcttie (of Tttamc and Tetsworlh) kinsman to Uieir mother. 
Which William Burt was afterwards schoolmaster of Wykcham's 
school ncarc Winchester, warden of the College there, and Dr. of 
Divinity. The Usher of the said school was one David Thomas, 
bach, of Arts of Jesus Coll., who before had married a maid of 
ordinary note, but handsome. Shce had several ytarcs lived in ihc 
parish where A^mhony) and Ch(rislopher) Wood were bome, and 
her sirname, I think, was Price*, having been brought up under her 
kinswoman or aunt called Joane Evans u ho kept .a publick house (now 
knowne by the name of the Magpie) in the same parish. 

• The said David Thomas was afterwards the setond ' master of the 
frcc-scliool at Dorchester in Oxfordshire, founded by John Fctcplacc, 
csqr. ; and at length master of a well endow'd school at Leyccstcr, the 
chief towije in Leyccsiershire, where he continued till the time of his 
death, in Aug. 1667, having before oblained a comfoilable estate by 
the great paines he look in pedagogic, and by the many sojoumours * 
tliat he alwaics kept in his house. 

•It was obsert''d by the \icar Mr. Henant\ while A. Wood 
sojourned in his house, that ihc said A. Wood was very sedulous, was 
alwaies up and readie the first in the house, and alwaies ambitious of 
being first in the school in the morning j and if any way liindred, 
lie would be ajjt to cry and make a noise to the disturbance of the 
lamily, as Mr. Henant hath several limes luld liim when ' he was Mr. 
of Ans. 

'A. Wood did partly remember thai be was much retired, walked 
mostly alone, was given much to thinking and to melancholy ; which 
Bomtimcs made his night's rest so much disturb* d, tliat he would walk 



* the vrordi in iqtiAre brackets are 
added from the Hail. MS. 

■ the cluse of ihii Kntence in tb« 
ITarl. MS. ift: ' tht-re U> rcmaine till they 
vrcTC made lit to be Atradcmians.* 

* William Hun. kllow of New Coll. 
1617, M.A. 5 July 1631. 

' ' AoiK Price ' 11 Doied in the margin 
oftbeTuuKrMS. 



* i. c. in point of date. Tlic school 
was A recent fouodatioD : and David 
Thoma* was the tecond pcrfioo who 
bad liecome maiter of iL 

* i.e. boanlen. 

' ' bjr my coicn TIenant,' in the oratio 
dirccta of the llarl. M.S. 

' 'told him after he wai,' in the 
l{arl. his. 



MAY, 1644. 



109 



in his sleep (only with his shirt on) and disturb and fright people of 
the house when ihcy were goinK to their respective beds, two or 3 
houres after he had ta^kcn up his rcsL This also, besides his owne 
memorie, he hath been often (old by his cozen Henant the wife, who 
lived at Great Milton nearc Oxon in the house of his cozen John 
Cave after her husbands death. 

[Thame Schoole \ 

In ihe will of John lord Williams of Thame dated 18 March 
^? i5oi)i he takes order for the founding a free schoole, vide 2 vol. 
Itaronagii p, 393. (His) executors (were) Sir Waller Mildmay, 
John Doyley and Robert Doylcy (his cousins), and Wdliam Place, 
his servant. 

Afasftrs oftht Schoelt, who have 40 murks per tcotnn for ibeir saUry. 
Edward Honys, A.M., 1575. 
Rictunl Boochter, LL.1I.. 1597. 
Hugo Evans, A.M., 1637. 

William UoTt, A.M., 1631 ; ifterwuds D.D. and Wardeo of WtQchcster. 
William Ayl)(f, A.M., 1647 ; destraiAcd, flung bimself out of a window at Ded- 
ii]g(ton) and so died. 

Hugo Willis, LL.B.. 1655. 
Thomas Mtildlcton, A.M.. 1675'. 

Edtualid in this nkooU. 
Hcnricct King, epiic(i[>us Cicetlrciun. 
Dr. (JoLin) Foil, now bUhop of Oxon. 
Dr. lidward Pocock, that leaned Oneataliim. 
Theopbilus Iliegous. 



' rot« from 'School Notea,' Wood 
MS. I>. n (4) fol. 14 b. In Wood 
MS. D. 4 fo^. 383 arc noicg of ' Armea 
in th« windows uf Thame scboolc^' of 
which Wood Mys : — 'Note ihcl I look 
these Brmn from the im|it;if<;ct notes 
of Richard Hawkins, painter, who took 
them with \\U priitill, ilfij : but I per- 
ceive he halh cominitli-d nuuiy faults, 
tbcrfore Iransciibc ihcni fioun the 
wiodowi themscltes at my next going 
to Thame.' 

' to these have (o be added : — 

8, Henry Ilnii^es .... 1694. 

9. William Lamplugb. 

June 10, 1737. 
la Jamet Fuswll, July 37, . 1737. 
ir. K6b. WheclcT, Apr. 7, . 17*9. 
13. John Kipling. June J3, . 1739. 

13. William Cooke . . . 177.V 

14. William Shaifonl . . . 17,16. 
ij. Timothy Tiipp Lve . . 1S14. 



16. Thomas llroadlcy Fooks 1841. 

17. (Jeoigc I'lommer, M.A, 

Lond 1879- 

18. Bcnjamiii Sharp, M.A. 

hrna. ....... 189I. 

Dr. 61ti» mentions * n pccoliartjr rare 
volume in folio, containing the foutida- 
tioii dred« ami stalnle* of the tcbool, 
pniilcd nt London by Vnutrolliet, (al- 
tboBgb wilfaotit his iismc,^ an<l Ihos en* 
titled: *' IS/P- Schola Thnmensis ex 
hndatione loliaunis Williams Militia 
domini Williams dc Thame God sane 
the Qucenc." It contains A to K in 
fouri ; then L M and N having two 
leaves only ; and concludes with an 
apficndix <jf twelre pagn. A copy on 
TcUnm is in the Dntish Museum amoiig 
the books bctjacaihcd by the Kighl Hon. 
Thomas Grcnville.' The Bodleian has 
only an imfictftel copy, among the Raw* 
liosoD Sutotei. 



no 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



Edward i Wood of Mcrt. Coll. who hath some sermons pcbliifaed. 

Ant. ^ Wood, bistoriupaiibiis Uoivrrs. Oxun. 

Sir C«orgc Croke, s judge, wu one of the fint scholan.] 

July- — [July a', T., Ellis Roberts, one that came with the queen's 
retincw died ; buried in tlic north part of S, John Bapt. church or 
that which they call the parish isle. — Pamcll, widdow of ihc aforesaid 
Ellis Roberts, died 19 Dec., Th., 1644, and was buried by her husband. 
— Mris Mary Skcvington, one ihat belonged to the queen's court was 
buried this year in the south pan of the outward chapel.] 

[Sir' William Boteler of Kent, kt. and baronet, was buried in the 
south isle joyntng to the clioire of the cathedrall of Ch. Church (at the 
upper end), Th., 4 July 1644. 

Katherine Smylh, wife of Dr. William Smyth, (buried in the 
cathedral)i Th., 11 July 1644, ^^ ^^^ Divinity Chappcll.] 

September.— [Sir Arthur Asion' was govemour of Oxon at what 
lime il was garrison'd for llie king, a testy, froward, imperious and 
tirannicall person, haled in Oxon and clswliere by God and num. 
Who kervctling on horsback in Bullington green before certaine ladies, 
his horse flung him and broke his legge* : so that it being cut off and 
he thenipon rendred useless for employment, one co!I. Logge suc- 
ceeded * him. Soone after the country people comming Co the market 
would be ever and anon asking the sentinel! ' who was governor of 
Oxon ? ' They answered ' one Leggc.' Then replied ihcy : — ' A pox 
upon him I Is he governour still? '] 

[Arthur Swayne', Icivienani colonel!, was buried in the trancept or 
north isle joyning to the body of the cathedral], neare \o the middle 
dore leading into the middle north isle, Th., 26 Sept. 1644. He was 
slajne by his boy. leaching him to use his armes. He bid his boy 
aime at him (thinking the gun had not been charged), which be did 
too well. He was bred up in Eaton Schoole ; chose scholar of 
King's College in Cambridge, 1638; afterwards fellow, as it seems. 
He was a lusty man, and a good soldier ; son of Robert Swayne of 
Sarston m Hampshire. (Armes) '. . . , chevron between 3 phcons, 
a chief . . .'.] 

Ootober.— [Oct.' 4, F., Marj' Jeanes, daughter of Nathaniel Jeanes 
upper butler of Men. Coll. and Elizabeth his wife, was borne in 



' notes b Wood MS. E jjand Rawl. 
MS. K 403 B. 

' notes from Wood MS. F. 4 p. 6S. 
» notf Id Wood MS. E. 3) fol. aj b. 
* oD .Sept. 19, 1644; Me in Wood's 



ftuti sob anno 1644. 

* Lin 35 Dec. ifi44: iMd. 

* note from Wood MS. F. 4 p. 69. 

* note in MS. Kawl. U. 403 a. 



JULY— NOV. \%iK. 



Ill 



S. Pctci's parish in the cast ; baptized in S. John Baptist's church, 
Su., the 6ih of the same month, by Mr. John Gurgany, chap- 
le)Tie.] 

*Oct. 8. — On Sunday the 8 ' of October hapncd a dreadful! fire 
in Oxon, such an one (for the shortness of the time wherein it 
burned) that all ages before could hardly paralel. It began about two 
of the clock in the afternoon in a little poore house on the south 
side of Thames' street (leading from the north gate to High Brids") 
occasion'd by a foot -soldier's roasting a pigg which he had sloln. 
The wind being verie high and in the north, blew the flames south- 
ward very quick and Strang!/* and burnt a!l houses and stables 
(except S. Marie's Coll. °) standing between the back-part of those 
bouses * thai extend from the north gale to S. Martin's church on the 
cast and those houses in the North liaylie (called New Inn lane) on 
the west : then all the old houses in the Bocherew ' (with the Bo- 
cherew it self) which stood between S. llarlin's church and the 
church of S. Pclcr in the Baylic *, among which were two which 
belong'd to A. Wood's mother; besides the stables and back-houses 
belonging to ihe Flowr de Luce, which were totally consumed, to her 
great loss', and so consequently to the loss of her sons, as they 
afterwards evidently found it. 

November. — [Sir" Henry St. Georg. kt., Garter King of Armes, 
was buried in the cathedrall of Ch. Church in the north west comer 
of the north isle or transcept joyning to the body of the church, W,, 
6 Nov. 1644 : faiher 10 Sir Thomas St. Georg, kt., afterwards Normy 
and Garter King of Armes; to Sr Henry St. George, afterwards 



' both tbe Turner ind Hsrl. MS. 
haTe * Oct. 8 ' : but Oa. 8 was TncKUy. 
Th« day is civeo as ' Oct. 6 ' in the 
HUl. «. Anliq. and in Gntch's Wood's 
Hist UniT. Oxon. 

• now Georj^c .Street. 

• arariaiit in Wood'* time for 'Hythe* 
Bridge. 

• i. e. strongly, 

• now Krcwin Hall. 

'id. the wen side of Cominarkrt 
SireeL 

• now Qneen Street : in which \a 
Wood's time the batcbera' stalls stood. 

• Ihc old cburcti of S. Peter 1« Bailey 
at the sonth-wcsl comer of New Inn 
llall Street, soiitb of New Inn Uoll. 

' aboBt this time she cither let boUi 



her honies in Otford or took in lodf^en ; 
ia Wood MS. E .13 Is the entry ' 164I, 
March 9, Dorothy II ail danght«r of 
Henry Hall prinlcr and Oorotiiy Bow- 
ring his wife both living in the hotisc of 
Mflt Mary & Wood, widdow, was 
l>an)e'; similar entries follow for KIkn 
Hall hom 3 Apr. 164$ aiid Richnrd 
Hall bom i Aug. ll^47. A1«o the 
entry : — 'i6^,FrancefiKrctke.diiaghter 
of Kalph Freakc, esq., waa bomc in the 
house standing in the backside of Mris. 
\ Wood, widdow; baptized May 33.' 
In MS. RawI. I). 40J .1 this last entry is 
' in Mris Wood's hoiu« in tbe backside 
of the teois court.' 
** notes from Wood MS- F. 4, p. 69. 



iia 



IV00D*S UFE AKD TIMES. 



Clarencenux King of Armcs; and (o Richard St. Geor^, esq., after- 
wards Ulster King of Armcs of Ireland. 

William Alford, major gencrall to the earl of Cleveland, was buried 
on the right hand of Sir Henry S. Georg, i3 Novemb. 164+. (;\nnc3 
of) Alford of Berks : ' gules, 6 ' peares 3, a, and i or ; on a cheif of 
llie second a file of 3 labells blue.'] 

December.— [Robert' Josse, yeoman of the robes, was bnried in 
the north isle joyning to Clirist Church choire ncare to ihc dore lead- 
ing from the transccpt into the said isle, W., 18 Dec. 1644. 

Sir John Banks, kt., Lord Cbc^if Justice of the Common Pleas, and 
privy counseliour to ihe king, died, S., the 28 Dec. 1644; and was 
(buried) in the north isle or transept joyning to the body of Ch. Ch. 
cailicdrall. 1 have printed his epiuph in ' Ilist. et Andq. Univers. 
Oson.' (edit 1674) lib. 3 p. 289 col. i.] 



[Anno* 1644 or thereabouts Uiere was a heart dugg out at the 
Preaching Friaries Oxon. It was closid En lead as big;,' as the bole of 
a man's hatt. It was carried to the king tying then (at) Christ 
Church : and when it was opened the heart looked as fresh as if it 
had been buried but a weeke. What else there was in the lead I have 
not heard ; but Mr. Smith of Brasnose College had the lead. Some 
thought iher was a crucifise in it. — Mr. Wrench diegardiner told me* 
their was such a thing found at the Black Fryers with the date upon 
it and that old Mr. Oliver Smith had (it) and probably (the) yong 
man" may have it.] 

(Among tbc Oxford pamphlets of thU year Wood lias : — 

(.1^ Wood 536 no. a ; ' Orders presented to his majesty by desire of Ihe Lords 
and Cominoiu of failiamcDtasiemtjIed At Oxford for thenisiag of...coatribulioat>' 
Oif. 1644. 

tJ) Wood 5)6 no. 3; 'The Schedule in which t» contained the excise , . . cpoQ 
. . . commodities ... by older of the Fartiamcnt al Oxiucd,' Oxf. 1(144. 

(3] Wood 413 (10} ; An order of the Privy Coimcil agaioit ftrtfaiiic tokens, 
Oxford,' S., la OiA. 1644. 

(4) Wood 376 B no. 30 ii a. plu of 'Oxforde u it now Iy«lh foniFicd by his 
majestie'i forces' on wMcb Wood notes 'aiuio 1644: this m^p is nude very 
£aUc.'> 



i 



IhcMS. hM's'byailtp. 

notes from Wood MS. 1'. 4, p. 6g, 

note by W'ood printed by Ucomc 



St Ihc end of ' Liber Niger 
' in 1659. 
• Oliver's graadsoD. 



', 1644 — JAN. 1646. 



nj 



<ie45: Wood aet. 13.) 

January.— [Sir Henry Gage', kL, coloncll and povemour of 
Oxfurd garrison, was killed with a. straggling bullet from Abendon 
at Culham bridge, S., ii Jan. 164 1, and was buried, M., 33 of the 
same month in the north isle or transept joyning to the body of Ch. 
Church cathcdrall. Soe his epitaph" which I have printed in ' HisU 
et Antiq. Univers. Oxon,' lib. 2 p, 289 col. i.] 

[Jan.' It, S., 1644 (i.e. i> Mr. Farmer Hatton was killed on the 
other side of Abingdon at Colnham bridge. He was major to the 
prince his regiment and fought an hourc with his sword and killed 
him that he fought withall. Alt last he was shoU through the throat 
by another with a carbine, stript and left naked. lie bore to hia 
armes att his funeral — ' argent a fcss sable inter 3 lyons heads erased 
gules a crescent for a difference.' Not in All sainta' (parish) 
register.] 

[Halton Farmer*, major to the Prince's regiment, kill'd with 
colonell Gage by Culham bridge neare Abendon, S.. 1 1 Jan. i64t* 
His body, after it was stript and left naked, was at length brought to 
Oxon ; but where buried 1 find not as yet. — One Hatton Farmore of 
Northamptoiisliirc, son of a kt., was entred a genu commoner of Ball, 
Coll. 1594, aged 15. Halton Farmore of Eston-ncston was High 
Shcrriff of Northamptonshire 1618; he had a son called Halton 
Farmore. Hatton Farmer of Eston Ncston being dead, Anne his 
relict had letters of administration granted to her, W., 16 Dec. 1640.] 

[ . . . Escou", a caplaine, died in llie home of Grcgorie Ballard, 
notarie public, situated in Magdalen parish, M., 13 Jan. 1644 {i.e. ^) 
and was buried in MagdalL-n parish church. He was of the Lord 
Keeper's ({Sir Edward) Littleton's) company.— In Uie regialer of 



' note from Wood MS. F. 4 p. 70. 

Wootl 5i5 (10) is 'Alttr Britannme 

^^eros, or the tife of Sir Hesry Gaf:e,* 

ioid 1645,: ta which Wood has the 

lots : — ' Written by IIcnr>' [so r>r. 

rTbomu liorlow; but hii name was 

Ut^Min/] WaUin^hnm, ■ Romui 

'Cathulic antl undcisccrctiry to tlic lonl 

George I>igby, principal SccrctMy of 

Stale.' 

■ Wood gives a colonred drawing of 
fail armt : — ' f^oimy of 4, Azure nnd 
argent, a aaltiTe gules (CJaKc) ; qoar- 
tcriag, aiun: a &aD in i>pIcndoat ot 



(St. Cleic).' 
» note in Wood MS. F. 31 fol. 70. 

* note in Wood MS. F. 4 p- ?<». 
Wood notes ia the margin : — ' de 
luiMon-nettou in com. Korthsmptoti. 
WoimI glvK a colouTv<l drawing of 
nrnis: — ' argent a fct* »able between 5 
lioo's heads erased golci kijgued azure, 
a creacent or on the Iw point for dif- 
ference.' 

* note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 7 1 ; an 
earlier form of the note U in Wood 
MS. K. 31 foL 70. 



t 



114 



WOOffS LIFE AND TIMES. 



Magd. parish it is Uius wrilten: — 'Richard Westcol. yeoman of Uic 
guard, was buried the ijof Jan 1:644' ('-c. ^). Note that these' 
are Escot's armes.j 

*While A. Wood and his brother Christopher continued at Thame, 
you cannot imagine, what great disturbances they suffer'd by the 
soldiers of boili parties; somtimes by the parliament soldiers of 
Aylesbury, somtimes by ihc king's from Borslall house, and somtimes 
from the king's at Oson and at Wallinji^forJ Caslle. The chiefest 
disturbances and afTriglitments that they and the family wherein they 
lived endured, were these. 

*0n the 27 of Januarj', beinjj Munday, an. 1644*, colonel Thomas 
B^sgge, govemour of Wallingfurd castle, roving about tlie country 
very early with a troop of slout horsnicn (consisting of 70 or 80 at 
most) met with a partie of parliamenteira or rebclls (of at least 200) 
at Long Crendon about a mile northward from Thame: which 200 
belong'd to the garrison of Aylesburic, and being headed by a Scot called 
colonel Crafford, who, as I think, was govemour of ihe garrison there, 
they pretended ihal they were looking out quarters for them. I say 
that col. Blagge and his partie, meeting wiUi these rebclls at Long 
Crendon, fought with, and made them run, till his men following thera 
too eagerly were overpnwcr'd with multitudes that afterwards came in 
to their assistance (almost treble his number) ; at which time he 
himself with his stout captaine . . . Walter (they two only) fought 
against a, great many of the rcbells for a long while together; in which 
encounter the brave colonel behaved himself as manfully with his 
sword, as ever man did, slashing and beating so many fresh rebclls 
wth such courage and dexterity, that he would not stirr, till he had 
brought off all his owne men, whereof the rcbells kild but two, (not a 
man more) ; iho they took sixteen who stayed too long behind. 
Captain Waller had six rebells upon him, and according to his 
customc fought it out so gallantly, that he brought himself off with liis 
colonel; and (they) came home safe to Wallingford with all their 
men, except 18. Col. Blagge was cut over the face, and had some 
other hurls, but not dangerous. 

'After the action was concluded at Crendon, and Blagge and his 
men forced lo fly homeward, they took part of Thame in their way. 
And A. W. and his fellow-sojourn ours being all then at dinner in (he 
parlour with some strangers there, of whome their master Burl and 

' Wood givea a cotU of koh in for a difference.' 
colonn : — ' sable six ctcallops 3, 1, uid ' i. e. 164^. 

t, or ; a mnUtt argent od the feu point 



JANUARY, 1645. 



"5 



his wife were of the number, ihey were all alanim'd with their 
approach : and by that lime they could run out of the house into the 
baclciude to look over the pale that parts it from the common raid, 
they saw a great number of horsmen posting towards Thame over 
Crendon bridge, abont a stone's cast from their bouse (being the out 
and only house on Oiai road, before you come into Thame) and in 
ihe head of them was Blagge with a bloody face, and his party with 
capt. Walter's ' following him. The number, as was then guessed 
by A- W. and those of the family, was 50 or more, ami they all rode 
under the said pate and close by the house. They did not ride in 
order, but each made shift to be foremost ; and one of them ridinf; 
upon a shelving ground ' opposite to the dorc, his horse slip'd. fell 
upon one side, and threw the rider (a lusty man) in A. Wood's sight 
Colonel Crafford, who was well hors'd and at a pretty distance before bis 
men in pursuite, held a pistol to him ; but the trooper crying 'quarter,' 
the rcbells came up, rifled him, and took him and bis horse away 
with tliem. Craflord rode on without touching him, and ever or anon 
he would be discharging his pistol at some of the fag-end of Blagg's 
horse, who rode ihro the west end of Thame, called Priest-end, leading 
low*ards Ricot. Whether Crafford and his men followed (hem beyond 
Thame, [I * iliink not, but] went inio the towne, and refreshed ihcm- 
Bclvcs, and so went to Aylesbury. 

*I find * one Lauicncc CraHTord, the mtli ton of Hagb CrafToitl (of the same 
family, which U noMc, or Killionnic^ lu have been borne In his father's cattle al 
Jordan hill neon Olotcow* in Scotland, on the cal. of Nov. lOii, and to have re- 
ceiTcd some education in Gloscow,* Afterwards it appcarcs, that \\e wcnl hcyoud 
the icii, and icrvcd in the warn for c1c\-cn ycares under Gncuiviut and Chrisiiooiu, 
ktni^ of Swcedland, in Ccnnan}', and aftcrwanlit for Oie s^iacc uf thrtr yciim h« 
was t piotubune of hone iinder Cbarle* Levri* elector Palatine. In 1641 he was 
lent into Ireland by the parliament of i-Viglond to fight against tlie rebellt, where 
he serred in the quality of a tribune for two yeare*. and in 1643 be was khi for from 
tbcncc by the pari, of Lngland, and isadc Icgafus sratmiut * under £dward ^Moa- 
Uga) carl of Maiichnlcr, and aflcrwanls in the Scotch expedition, At length 
when the Scoti besieged Hereford, Itc was kil'd with a bullet, shot from the works, 
on the 17 of Aug. 1645. aged 34 jearcK : whenxipun 1ii& bo<1y being carried olT to 



» 'Walter's' in the Har) .MS. ;'Wal- 
tCT • in ihc Tanner MS. 

* *a theving or shelving ground,' in 
the Uarl. MS. 

' ' of the hinder men of,* in the UaiL 
MS. 

* Ibc words in square lir^ickets are 
an obscure condensation iu the 'I'otuicr 
MS. of what it laid more fully and 
clearly in the Harl. MS. — 'in truth I 



cannot now tell ; but I think they did 
rtol, but' 

* in the inscription in Gloucester 
Cathedral, a summary of which is fotmd 
in Wood MS. D. 11. 

•'GIoscow' in the Tanner MS.; 
'Glatcow* in the Hnrl, MS. 

^ explained in ihe margin of the MSS. 
as ' major gencrall.' 



I 2 



ufi 



WOOiyS UFE AND mfES. 



the city of Glocestn-, it was Imri;^ there in the larg cbappcl Rt tbe east end of the 
diolre, called our Ladic'i chappcl, witbin tbc cathedral there, and soon after bod a 
very fair raunuirKtit set or faslncd on the nortti wall nearc to bit i^vr, containing 
the proportion of a man Is ihc middle (or the bcM of a man) in white marble, with 
a short Mafi" in hi* right band. AVhich monuinenl continuing in its luster till after 
the restoration of K. Cb. 3, it was then ordered to be plucked don-ne by the bishop, 
denne nnd [irebenils. This LAitieiK-e CrafTonl scctos to be the same prrsiii with 
colonel CraiToid before mention 'd who I ihlnk waiC^rcTnourof Aylesbury in Bucks 
for a time.^ — A« for colonel Blagge, who wa« borne nf an ntiticnt ami gentile famille 
in Saffolkc, he tnffcrcd mnch between the declension of the king's cauic and the 
icitoiatlon ofK. Ch. t, by exile and several imprtsocmcnts ; but after the king wag 
restored, he was rcwanJcd with the govcrnoorsbip of Yarmonth and other things in 
Norfolk ; yet being just settled, and in capacity of spending the remainder of his 
dayes in rase and qiiictiic^f., he ilicd to the grcnt grief of his family and relations 
witbin the city of Westminster, on the 14 of Nov. ififlo, aged 47 ycarcs : whcrc- 
upoD his body was buried in the great north isle joyniog to the charch of S. Peter 
(commonly called the Abbey church') within Che said citie. 

March. — [William Strode', borae in com. Devon, Dr. of Div., 
Canon of Ch. Church, and ptiblic orator* of the Universil)', died, M., 
10 Mar. anno 1643 and was buried in the Divinity Chappeil on the 
north side of the cboire of Ch. Ch. cathedral!. He was the son of 
Fhilipp Strode neare Plimpton and he a yonger son of Sir Richard 
Strode of Newingham in com, Devon. — . . . Strode, widdow of Dr. 
Strode and daughter of Dr. . . . Sympaon ', prebendary of Canterbury, 
died, Su,, 6 Feb. 164J and was buried at ... in Bedfordshire, — They 
had one onlie daughter between them named Jane who was married 
lo Henrj- Langley, master of Arts of Wadham Coll., son and heire of 



' in the Harl. MS. this sentence nins : 
— ' Now whether this laurcncc CrafTord 
be the uune with colonel CrafTurd before 
mLTilioDMl, n-hom 1 ttikelo l>c govmiaiir 
of Aylesbury for a time, 1 know not.' 

* the Harlcian M.S. hns a pencil rc> 
ference :— 'secMonumentn Westmonast. 
p. 186.' 

' note in Wood M& F. 4 p. 83. An 
earlier draft of the note is In Kawl- MS. 
D fflim 1390. Wood gives in colonn 
tltcse arms ;-~' urgent op a chevron be- 
tween 3 cuiiics courant snhlc a martlet 
or [Strode] ; impolini;, per bend sinister 
•able and or a Xvm rampant counter- 
changed, Rmcd sod tangoed gnlcs 
[Sympsonl.' 

' in Wood MS. E. 4, he cites ' Scvc- 
rall sprechcs spoken by William Strode 
lo King Charles I and greai personages 
while he was Orator t(>3t)-\(>^i\ some 
of them are in n MS. Cullection of 



speeches and Ictten [made by Richtnl 
S-iundcrs of Oriel] in Francis Barryc'a 
hand, rector of Kingscy near Thame. 
One Kpcech which he ipoke to the king 
at Woodstock, anno 16^(3), when the 
heads of the Universitic Went to con- 
gratulate him, bath thii beginning. — 
" Aoguftiuime ct Christo proxime 
Homo-Detu \ qiuiles pro te ad aras 
sanctiMimas, tales accedimus ad te, non 
oculari officio, non gcniibus lanlum pro- 
voluti, 8cd animis dcvoti, gratulalionis, 
laudum, ct gratianim cffwiiiaimc plcni," 
etc' The parallel in Acts xli. as. J.t, 
suggests itself. Sec Mftcray's Annals of 
tbc Uo«l!. [edit- i8qo) p. 73; Case's 
Cat. Codd. MSS. Coll. C. C. O*on, do. 
CCCI, fol. lay. 

* John Simpson, prcbrnil.ATy of Can- 
terbury, died i6j|o : Nicholas Simpson, 
prebendary of Canterbury, died ifioj). 



yAN. — APJ^fL,\Q^^- 



117 



Jonathan Langley of Abbey-rorial ncarc Slirewsbun-. — The said Mris 
Strode, widdow of Dr. Strode, had a sister that was married to Matthew 
Skinner a physitian, eldest son of Dr. Robert Skinner bishop of 
Worcester] 

[March 24 ', M., 1644 <i.e. |>, Mr Smith died at New Coll.; 

he was an attumey and a Buckinglianisiiirc nian.J 



An. Dom. 1646 : 21 Car. I : (Wood aet. 13.) 

April. — * Tlie next great disturbance whereby A. W. and his 
fellow sojoumours were alarum'd at Thame, wag this. In ihc latter 
end of Apr. 1645 a famous Buckinghamshire commander called capt. 
. . . Phips the rag-man was in Thame with ao horse and dragoons to 
guard their committee for the excise (the chief of which committee 
were goodman Ileywood, and goodman Hen ' ihe butcher his seri-ant) 
and tarrying there two daj'es or mora^ Sir William Campion governour 
of Borstall house having received notice of them, sent out his 
caplainc hcveienanl called capt. . . . Bunce, with a partie of 20 horse ; 
who instantly marching thiiher over Crendon bridg, as It seems ', and 
so by ihe vicaridge house, drove them thro the lowne of Thame. 
Whereupon I'hips and his committee fljing pretty fast till they came 
lo the bridg below Thame mill (which * is eastward and a Utile by 
iwrtli about a sione's-cast from the vicar's house) they faced about, 
hoping to make good the bridge with their dragoons. But this 
valiant capcaine Buncc, after he had receiv'd a volley from Phips and 
his partie (which touched only one * common soldier stiglitlie) charged 
over the bridg, and with his pistols shot one of ihem dead, and beat 
tliem off the bridg, so as ihcy all ran away, but lost just half Uielr 
number : for besides him that was killed, there were nine taken. 



* thtl note is from a slip nt Itie end of 
MS. Kawl. tfelim 1190. The slip \x- 
loQgs to k ootc-book in 'which hare 
been jotted down Uie tkathtuid bariahof 
sereml pcrtoni in Oxford and Oxford- 
•hire (roin l G44 onward*, A good many 
pop:* of it are found in MS. ItawL D 
b/i'w 1390; other* in Wood MS. F 31. 
It is impossible that Wood, a Ijoy at 
•cbool at Thame, could have made these 
notes of penoiis dying in Oxford. The 
note-book may be thai of some rcMdenl 
in Oxford. On the other hand the 
writing U not nnlike that of Wood MS. 
B. 1 5 and other .MSS. written by \S'ood 



abovt jGtf^-xdtZ: and It may be hit, 
the noica being iranscritj«d from some- 
body's jonmat They are aoi in atrict 
chronological onler. 

* the name 'Hen' is omitled, by a 
slip, from the Tanner MS. 

' ' as it seems ' is Itie omtio obliqua 
of Ihe Tanocr MS, for * as I rcincmfaer,' 
tbe oralio dirccta of the Hail. MS. 

* this parenthrsis in the Ilarl. MS. 
readt thus : — ' which is eastward and by 
north tichiiid our hooMr.' 

* ' touched nobody but one * in the 
Harl. MS. 



IVOOD'S LIFE AND T/AfES. 



I 

! 

I 

I 



whereof Iwo were capt. Phips himself and bis licvtenant, tfn only 
escaping, most of which had marks bestowed on them. 

* Capt. Bunce returned safe to Borslall with 9 prisoners, 10 horses, 
six (ire-locE; musquets, and 4 case of pistols. This is that capta,iDe 
Bunce who shot the pillaging; Scot cal'd major Jccamiah Abercromy 
(belonging X iJiink to Aylesbury garrison) nearc Siretton-Audley in 
Oxfordshire ; which ^ cntring deep into his side, fell from his horse 
on the 7 of March 1644': so that being carried off prisoner, wiih 
others, to Borslall house, died there soon after, full of sorrow for his 
activity in the rebelEion against K. Ch. 1. 

[Richard' Brainlhwayle * of Ringwood in the county of Southamp- 
ton, esq., died in S. Giles parish in the norih suburbs of Oxon and 
was bujied in (the chancell, I think, of) that church. He died T., 
29 Apr. 1645. — In the year 1639 he gave to the said Church of 
S. Giles a communion table, a carpel of ]'ijrple veh*el fairUe fringed, 
a damask linnen table cloth anjl two napkins of the same, a silver 
flaggon, a silver chalice with a cover to it, a plate of silver for the 
bread.] 

[T., Apr. 29*, 1645, Richard Brainlhwaite, esq., died in St. Giles' 
Oxford and was buried in the church ihcre wiih this inscription with 
his arms: — ' ln:^ignia speciabtlis viri Ricardi Bronthwaytc de Ring- 
wood in com. Soudilon armig. qui obiit 29 die Apr. 1645.' His 
armes were : — ' two bendlclls ingraled sable.*] 

May. — [Sir John Terryngham* died, F., 2 May 1645, and was 
buried in St. Marie's church.] 

(On M., 12 May, 1645, M-ere issued 'Orders for preventing ilie 
spreading of die plague' in Oxford ; Uiis [laper is now found in Wood 
376 A no. 311.) 

[Lucia Heath', wife of Edward Heath (lion of Robert Heath tlte 



' i.e. ■ which shot .... he rdt.' 
■ ie., ¥., 7 Mar, 164^. 

* notes from Wood MS. F. 4. p. 73. 
On p. 71 space hu been left for two 
eiiliics, the aimcs noted in pencil being 
'Dr.(S>lroiid«'imd Mr. Smith of N. 
Coll.* (.ace shfm p. 117). Tbtsc pencil 
entrie* are not in Wood's hand. I ihink ; 
but poMibly by the heraldic paiatcr who 
(as 1 imiKine) was employed by Wood 
lo draw and coloiu Ihe coau of armB. 

* Woods gives in coloon this coat 1 — 
' or, two bcndlcts engrailed sable : crest, 
on « rock proper an eagle rising argent.' 

* note in Wood Mb. K. n M. 69. 



• note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 73 : an 
earlier draft 13 in MS. kawl. D. oUm 
1390, where Wood Dotc!i. — ■' not in the 
ngistet ' of the parUb. 

' note* frum Wood MS. F. 4 pp. 7J 
foil. Wood gives in colours tbisi coat : 
— 'Quarterly, i and 4, arf^cnl a crosa 
ingrailed between twelve billets gnlcs; 
3 and i, ermine a fcss gules between 3 
griflias* heads erased azore : impaling, 
gules a fest bctwcm sii luarllcts argent, 
3,1, and ].' In MS. KawI .U. (;/i'0f 1 390 
is an earlier draft of this bote, which 
run : — 'May 16. K, 1645, Mia. tleath, 
wife to juc^ Heath's sunnc, died, and 



APRIL — 7UIY,\Q4A. 



"9 



judge), died F., i6 May 1645: cmbalcicd in lead and laid in the 
v-aull of All Saints cliurch.— Robert Heath of Eaton Bridge in Kent 
had issue Robert Heaiti of Michnm in Surrey, justice of peace for 
tliat countic and sollicitor general to king James. He married 
Margaret, daughter and heir of John >riller of Tunbridgc in Kent; 
by whome he had issue Edward, John, Georg, and Mary, — living 
anno 1623. — Note that iJie body of the said Lucie, wife of Edward 
Heath esq., was deposited in the vault under S. Ann's chapel on 
the nonh side of All Saints' cliancell, F., 16 May 16^5: — ita regis- 
crum Ecclesbe.] 

[John ' West (of Hampton-poyle com. m. Muy (daughter of Leonard Kirk, 
Oxon, Brmiger, boq of Vilentiae I mcrchnal, of Luoduo). 

West uf Berwick upon Tweed I 
com. Northiimberland.) \ 



John (ton aad heite, l^llzabeih (oxor Muy. Alice. XAthciiac Ana.] 
act. 13, 166S) SamuL'IuPocadc). 

m, Katbcrine, daughter 
of ... Seaman of 
Oxionl. 

[May 28*, W., 1645, capl. . . . Blomfdd died of a consumption 
at ihe Kathcrine WheeJe, Oxon. He was a captain of dragoners to 
Sir Thomas Hooper; and buried in St. Marie's church. 

May 31, S., 1645, Mr. . . . Clapham, a minister died att BaHiol 
Coll. His broiher was a pensioner to ihe king. (His) armes are : — 
' or, on a bend sable 6 flcur dc lis of the first.] 

July. — [Sir* Thomas Gardiner *, son* of the Recorder of London 



was irobalined in lead and laid in All 
SabiU' cliUTcti in (he vnull, Oxon. .She 
liore to Ikt arrae^^i^lc^ a tow inter 6 
Diartlctta argent. llcaUi'i armcsarc — 
ftrgenta crou ingrailcd inter 13 billet* 
gtiirt impaling <|U(irtcrly ertRini; a fcsi 
gnka inter 3 grij^ni' heads cniBcd blue.* 
' this note is on a slip pasted oa to 
>Vood MS. F. 4 p. 75. The slip is 
pasted in a blank space opposite to the 
following coat of arms drawn to colours 
(with which, prutably, it has no con* 
Dcction) ; — 'Qonrtcrly of %i% : ist., or, 
on A bend sable six Qeur-de-liz two two 
udtwoof the field ; and., or, 00 a bend 
sable three tiovered cops ^1) of the field ; 
3rd., uble, a swan Handing oa a tower 
argent ; 4th., ];uleft, a cock standing 00 
u cvallop or ; jth., argent, three grey* 
hounds cooRuu in pale h61c; l^tk.. 



rjuartcrly argent and sable, four man's 
beads i:un[)«d connit^rchanged.' 

' nutc» In Ms. Kawl. L>. olim 1190. 

* note* in Wood MS. I-'. 4 p. 76. The 
notes in MS. iUwl. D. oiin 1190 re> 
fetring to llic two biothcrs arc ■ — 'July 
'9* '''45t being Tuesday, Sir Thomas 
Gardiner was killed. He bore to his 
armes — partic per pale gules and or, a 
fesa inier 3 riowe» trippant cuunlcr- 
c)iangr<l of tlit feild.' * 7 Sept. (Sn.) 
164J,, cnjitsiii (Hrnry) GardiDcr. son of 
bir 'Iltomas Gardiner recorder of Lon- 
don, was killd Alt Tame when Lbcy beat 
np the parlamcnt quarters.' 

* Wood gives in colour these arms : — 
' parted pei pale gales and or a fris 
Ijctween jhiinU tripping cocntcrcbangcd, 
■ label o? 3 pQtnu ardent.' 

* origiuLlIjr written ' Sir Thomas Gv 



130 



tVOOl/S UFE AND TIMES. 



(Sir Thomas Gardiner), and a captane of horse under the king, was 
buried in ilie cathedral) of Ch. Church, 1"., 29 July 1645 under 
Alexander Gerard's monDment. He was knighted by his majesty 
whilst he sate at dinner, upon ihe delivery of ihc news of prince 
Rupert's success against the rebclls thai had beseiged Newark. March 
164J. — Henry Gardiner, a capt. of horse, second son of Sir Thomas, 
killed at Tliame when (he cavaliers beat up the quarters of the 
ParliameTitarians there, Su., 7 Sept. 1(545, and was buried by his 
brother '.^ — Sir Thomas Gardiner of Cudesden in com. Oxon., Re- 
corder of London, died . . . Oct. 1652 aud was buried in .... He 
was his majesty's sollicitor and by ihat name occurrs 1644.J 

August. — [Sir Henry Poole', kt., died in the house of Mr. John 
Holloway" in St. Aldaie's parish, M., 4 Aug. 1645.] 

('I'., 19 Aug. 1645, was issued 'An Order for completing the forti- 
ficaiiou of Oxford': it is found in Wood 276A no. 341.) 

[Edward ' lord Littleton, baron of ^^ounsIow, Lord Keeper of the 
Great Seal, and privi councellour, died, W., 27 Aug. 1645; and was 
buried" the next day in the caitiedrall of Ch. Church in the isle 
on the north side of the cbotre under Dr. '(William) Goodwin's 
motiumcnt".] 

September. — *Anotlicr great alarnie to the juvenile muses in tlie 
vicaridge house, particularly to A. W., was this : — Colonel Richard 
Greaves, a most confiding Presbyterian, laying couchant for a con- 
siderable time in Thame with a great partie of horse (upon what 
account I can not yet tell) in the beginning of Sep. 1645, it was 
knowne among Uie chief officers in Oxon. Whereupon colonel 
William Legge the govemour thereof resolving to beat up him and 
his parlie, he sent 400 horse from Oxon commaiuled by col. David 
Waller (high-sheriff of the counlie) and col. Robert Legge the 



diner of CuilMlen in Oxfoidshire, ku, 
Rccordrr of LuntUm'; corredod by a 
marginal oulc. 

• ' fiihcr' in the MS. ; having been 
■written before the above correction was 
made 

• note in Wood MS. F. 4. p. 75. 
^'ood givts ia co]oui thin coat ofanns : 
^'utire senHfe-dc-liz or, ■ lion nun^Muit 
■i;gc»t, langud xnd irtned gales ; im- 
paling, per pale galei Had or three 
Uons pusaat gturdftnt in pile counter- 
changed.' In an earlier draft of the 
sole in Wood MS. F. 31 fol. 71, Wood 



says; — 'be bore to his oxmcs — bine a 
lytxn ram[>iuit argcoC within an orle of 
dear lie Lis or, impaling, etc' 

' two slips pasted here say : — (a) ' of 
the Holloway* see " Notes from He- 
rald's' Office" <i.e. Wood MS. B 13, 
U 14, orK 5) p. 70, 71'j (b) 'Snsan, 
dftughter of John Holloway, was mar- 
tied to Dr. Jotin Windcbaalt of Guilford.' 

* note in Wood MS. K. 4 p. 76. 

' 'was barbed in XL Ch. quier/ aote 
in Wood MS. F. 31 fol. 71. 

■ tee Gutch'ft Wood's Coll. and Halls, 
p. 496. 




JULY — SEPT. 164B. 



131 



govcrnour's brother. These, »ilh Go musquetticrs of the gcvemotir's 
regiment (commanded by caplaine . . . Burgh) marched forth from 
Oxon in ihc afternoon of Saturday Sept. 6; and, before they came 
neare to Thame, they divided into two bodies, the van headed by 
colonel Walter and the reer by colonel Robert Leggc. They found 
the towne very strongly barricaded' at every avenue : notwithstanding 
which, major (Scrope) Mcdcalf (major lo coll. Robert Legge) 
[gallantly' led up the forlome hope], charged the rehclls' guard.% 
[and' maintained his ground so handsomty, that m.ijor . . . Aglionby 
coming up to his assistance the rebels were beat ofT the guards] so 
as major . . . Medcalfe with 7 troopers leapt from Uicir horses, and, 
removing Uie carls, opened the avenue. Tiiis done, the two gallant 
majors charged the rebclls up thro the street, doing execution al the 
way to ihe market-place, where col. Greaves himself stood with atwut 
aoo horse drawn up; but col. Walter being ready wiih the other 
troops (viz. his owne, that of coL Tooker and that of major Trial) 
gave the rebels such a charg as made them fly out of tlic towne; and 
after pursuing the fugitive rebels, drove them above half a mile from 
Thame. In the meane while coll. Legge, who with ihc reere guarded 
die towne and avenews least other of the rebclts (being in all 800) 
should break in and defeat the whole, now drew into tlie towne, that 
others might have secure time to search houses and stables. Orders 
were given, and 'twas done accordingly. After which ihcy all drew 
out of the towne, and marched away with their horses and prisoners. 
•Before they had gone two miles, at least 200 rebels were got 
in their reere, but then col. Legge charged them so gallantly that the 
rebels ran back much faster than they came on. Yet farr had they 
not gone, before these vexed rebels came on agaiue ; and tlicn also 
col. Legge beat them so farr back that they never attempted to come 
on againe. In this last charge that most hopeful yong gentleman 
capt. Henry Gardiner (son of Sir Thomas Gardiner, liis majestic *3 
soUicitor gen.) was unfortunately shot dead ; a youth of such high 
incomparable courage, mix'd wiili such abundance of modesty and 
sweetness, that wee cannot easily match him unless with his brave 
brother, yong Sir Thomas Gardiner, which two are now buried both 
in one grave" in ilw cathedral of Christ Church in Oxon, whether 
they were brought with much universal sorrow and affecllon. 



' 'barricadoed,' in the liar!. M.S. 

* the wuids in Kjeuc brnckcls nic 
tapplKd from the Hail. MS-, betng 
omitted (jKotwbly nnialcotioiullyj io 



Ike Tanner MS, 

• »cc Claik's Wood'a City of Oxfbtd, 
ii. 5St>- 



133 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



I 



I 



\ 



* Besides ihts gallant gentleman, no officer vas killed, only 3 
common solditrs; nor scarce any hurt, only major (Scropc) Med- 
calfc shot in the armc. The rebels dropt plentifully in the street and 
tn llic fitlils, and col. Greaves escaped very narrowly, being run into 
the body, and at first tliousht lo have been slaine*. The rebell*^ 
being thus beaten, his majesties forces brought away those prisoners 
they had taken; which, besides common iroopera, were 27 officers: 
among whomc were their adjutant-general . . . Puide*, their provost- 
general marshatl (or prov. marshal general) and their chief engineer, 
four captaines as capl. Hanson, John Thonihill, James the elder &c^ 
wven lievtcnanls, viz, WilmoLt, Hughes, Bagnall, Lampert, Canne, 
Wilson, Crompton, and three cornets, Bradshaw, Brooks and S}Tnons. 
There were also taken 1 3 sergeants, qua(r)tcr-masiers and corporalls ; 
ami a great deal of money was found in the rebels' pockets (ba\-ing, 
lately received advance-money). Many armes also were taken and 
between two and three hundred good horsie, besides three colours, 
two whereof had mottos. The one was Non Reos Hu, and the otlier , 
was Patria poicenle paratus. 

•This alarm and onset was made by the cavaliers from Oxon about 
break of day on Sunday morning Sept. 7. before any of the reLwls 
were stirring. Bui by the alarm taken from ihc sentinel that stood 
at that end of the towne leading to Oxon, many of them came out 
of their beds into the market place without their doublets ; wherct 
adj. gen. Puidc was one, who fought in his shin. Some tliat wcr«l 
qnarier'd near the church, as in Vincent Barry's house between it and 
the school, and those in the vicar's house (wherein A. \V. then so- 



I 



^ Thomas Kcamc addi bcre sn ex- 
cerpt from a letter, by W. R (i.c. Wil- 
llflm Browne, scholar of Trinity in lO^g 
and fellow in 1643, died Ji Uct, 1C69) 
lo Jotin Aubtcy, dilcl Tactdaj- 9 Sept. 
1645. 'Sunday montLng lut odt hone 
from Oxon. fell on the enemies fioartcrs 
nt Tluiinc, wheie were tome iloo horae 
rtrfoniitulue*. All tlie qwoitcm there- 
about made soinc C or 700 horse and 
dragoons. Wee fell on them unex- 
pectedly, kLll['d] and Cuokc lOo of Ihtnn 
(amoDRit the token was m Dutch man 
Uieii agit&iLt gcncratl, amongst the slaime 
ooL Grcavc», lire that Lcgil Lichfiefd 
B^iHt prince Ku)«rt) and joo hoisc. 
They galheinl up their SL-altercd com- 
jwnica and purbocd as in ttic reare, 



bB^Hn[rc al«*e»oincheJ[)e from .■Vlisbnrie 
&c. but were repaired with lossc ; oncty 
incbclait charge wee lost captain Hcnrie 
Gardiner, son lo Sir I'faonuis Cnrdincr 
Ihc kings soUtcitonr, whose losse ii 
generally lamented , not onely hi tcgarde 
of hii valofir. sweet dispD»ition and 
hopcfnll carriage, but 'cause too hii 
brother, youngc Sir Thoniaii, was slaine 
in Ihc same maimer not past a ctontJi 
bincc.' 

' a marginal reference in the HarL 
MS. hays:- 'Paid, loe Mirrv-frenuoH 
at the end of Queula Catttal'rigiemis 
anno 1645 In .September.' Wood 107 
(3) is 'Querela Cantab.' 1647; Wood 
ao7 (4.) b ' MiurD-cronicon ' 1647 




SEPTEMBER, 1846. 



133 



joum'd) fled inio lire church (some with ihcir horses also) and going 
lo the top of the lower, would be peeping thence lo see the cavalicra 
run into the houses where they quarter'<l, to fetch away their goods. 

•TTicre were about 6 of the parliament soldiers (troopers) that 
quartcr'd in the vicar's house ; and one being slow and careless, was 
airing and warming his boots, while they were figbtinp in the townc : 
and no sooner he was wiihdrawnc, into the garden 1 think, but some 
of the cavaliers who were retiring with their spoyle towards Eorstall 
(for iliey had separated themselves from those that went lo Oxon) ran 
Into the \icar's house, and seized on cloaks and goods of the rebels, 
while some of the said rebels (who had lock'd ihemselws up in the 
dmrch) were beholding out of iIil* church windows what they were 
doing. 

"On the day before (Saturday) some of the said rebels' that lodg'd 
in the said house had been progging for venison, in Thame park 
I think ; and one or two pasties of it were made, and newly put into 
the oven before tlie cavaliers cntred into the house. But so it was, 
that none of the said rebels were left at eleven of the clock to eat the 
said pasties, so tlicir share fcU among the school-boyes that were 
sojournours in the said house. 

•As for the beforemeniion'd adj. gen. Puid, he had leave, wiiliin 
daycs after he was brought to Oxon. 10 depart U|K>n his parol ; yet 
vanted il»e civility either to retunie himself, or to release the gentle- 
man (or any other) that he had promised in exchange for liim. Such 
and no better is the faith and humanity of die rebels. 

•Besides these here set downe, were other alarms and skirmishes, 
which being frequent and of little concern, — ^yet much to the school- 
boyes, who were interrupted theretiy,— I shall forbeare the recital 
of them. They had also several times troopers from Borstal, who 
would walch and be upon the guard in the vicaridge bouse (the out- 
house northward from Thame, as I have before told you) and continue 
there a whole night together, while some of their panic were upon 
London road neare Thame ' to lay in wait for provision or wine that 
came from London towards Aylesbury, or to any persons thereabouts 
thai look part with the rebclls'. Some of these troopers would 
discourse with ihe school-boyes that lived in the house (lieing of 
the number of six or somlicnes more) while they were making their 



* the lUrl. MS. i» less dcdded tn its 
expr«»ion*, saying b«rc *»otne of the 
pkrliament truopcr'.' 

* luMcaduf 'DcucTluuiic' the Ilnrl. 



MS. rradi 'eastward frvm the t<nm«.' 

' iottcsd of ' rclicLU ' the Hart MS. 
reads ' parliamcni.* 




114 



WOOtfS UFE ASD TIMES. 



I 



* 



exercise \n tbe hall against ibc next day. Some of tbcin A. W. found 
to bave grammar learning in them, as by the questions they proposed 
10 the boys ; and others having been, or li\'ed, in Oxon, knew the 
relattoiu of A. W,, which vould make them shcvr kindness to him 
nnil his brodicr. But that which A. \V. obscrv'd, was, tlial the vicar 
nnd hi» wife were alwaics more kind to tbe pari, soldiers or rebcUs 
lh>in 10 ihc cavaliers, as his master W. Burt and his wfe were, having 
\\vfx\ alwftiei ncquainicd with and obliged to the families of tlic 
lh|(uhtpit>lcs nnd Hamdens in Buckinghamshire, and other puritanical 
iidil Iht tkniH families* in the said countic; who, while yong, had been 
lit«t|ly bml in the said school of Thame, and had sojourned either 
^\\\\ llio vkttr or roaster. But as for the usher David Thomas, a 
|tiit)wt itKUi \VcI»hin«n, A. W. aln*aies took him to be a good loyallist, 
n . ' ' ' ' M'u. 

I , ., -.^ -V * Scrv^ Medcair, a Yorkshire man, died in the house of 
|i>Ku KjtviWx iMPUiwt t'ni\-«nity College in tbe parish of S. Peter 
l> S^, ij Se^H 1*45. He ' commanded the troop belonging 

t.i .. ,, ,'.!»H,Hir W iXutd ((Sir WiUiam) Legg) when the cavaliers 
imti W ^ |«f tUmcnt ^uvtrn U Thame ; and receiving wounds 
ti' >! ifcnk tU w«i borifd in S. Peter's church in Uie East. 

^ \ ' iii(ivui, ,1 ^br<(« liMSftBt sable, a mullet gules.'] 

Mvvvui^iMS ^b-Atnh* KUirttP {written somethnes Eldrige) I.l. 
t^v <M\\ (VU»« «| M*W 0)U« tttld. W., fi Nov. 1645 ; and u-as buried 
\\\ \\\A\ Ss\'Xl cImHIvIL H* «•■ borne at Blackwell hall in com. 
MuKUv«*v 

\ "(vti^ gtHU Ilk co«L Berks, cfied* in the house of 
s-> \t4mt« HftfilllMi (Arish, S., 15 ^'ov- (645; and 

MM W.^\ Mv WiklUw l\4k«« chAfipeU. He married Kathcrine. 
iWtMhIvi \\X 1'Ihmams lUttMMiv {Anus) :— * b<hie>, a fess betweene 3 
vit>ui« ^mitiV tti||*m. (^'Urk]; tmpaUas. argent on a bend sable 
lhh« liuiu* ViUhUi a U»(\Ktte (tuW« [Uaicman].* 

Wtllum \ ' Mu.uuvker • aied at Wadham CoIL, T., 18 Nov. 
tfi4ji At>^^ ^« ' '» il^ CAthc^lmU of C&. Omrcfa, Th., 20 of tbe 






Mit Im ^im^ ' othtc 



)<«n ttk MS. K««l tV 
' K» WM »h%>u •( 1 h«m 

U\H>)>« to hU 



lit* vOi «i tli> 

HWII ' 

* MVIM Hi WmA M& P. 4 11V rr. t*- 



* Wood fim ibcM anni * or, a bend 
ncmU« .... in buc a martlctt Estn 
braked MMe.* An cirller draft In MS. 
KxwL D 9lim 1190 ibcwi tlmt be did oot 

kuow tbe culour of ihe ' l>cii(l ragguled.* 

* ' febont 9 uf tltc clock in the munf 
Ibk ' ; M& lOiwI. D. 0//M 1390. 

' ■ tKrevpUles,' ibid. 
' * BrxicMtl,' corrected in the marjjin. 
Wood civet in colour tbcK ums: — 






SEPT. 1046 — MARCH, 1046. 



"5 



same month near to ihe grave of Sir Henry Gage. — Winefrid the 
relict of William lord Brunchard was buried by her husband, F., 
10 Aug. 1649.] 

[Mary' Croft*, wife of Dr. Richard Chawonh, LL.D., was buried 
in the south isle jo)-ning to the choire of Christ Church, T., 25 Nov. 
1645] 

(Wood 476 A no. 308 is 'An oath to be administered unto all 
.*. . within the garrison of Oxon,' Oxford 1645.) 



(164^: Wood a«t. 14.) 

January. — (M., la Jan. 1645 {i.e. g) was issued 'An order by 
the Governour' of Oxford dircciing every responsible person in the 
City and University to see that six months' provisions were in store 
for every person under his charge : it is now found in Wood 276 A 
no. 342.) 

Pebmary. — {On T., 3 Feb. 164 J, was issued a ' Proclamation for 
the preveniing of disorders in the night-time in the garrison of 
Oxf-'ird.' This paper is found in Wood 276 A no. i2fi.> 

Korch. — [Clirislopher Potter', D.D., provost of Queen's Coll. 



'arffciit six pclku in p«Ic three and 
lhre« sable, on a thcif embattled sable 
a loicngc fc4s-wajs argent ch.ir(;cd with 
a Malicac cr««s sable; impaling, gulea 
a cruAs cngmilcd argent, in tlie fiist 
quatlcr a loienge ar^eni.' In MS, 
Kawl. D. «/»'<« iiyo, 'Icnl BrancotL' 

' note in Wood MS. K. 4 p. 79. 

' Wood givci in coloiin this coat : — 
'borry of eight argent and gulet, on ihe 
first, thirJ, fifth, and teventh acvcn 
martlets three two two aiMl one sable 
(Cbnworth) ; Impaling, ^juartcrlj in< 
dented azure and argent, on the firrt 
quarter a lion pastuinl gnan^ant ut 
(Croft): crest, five ostrich firalltcrs the 
second and fourth gales the others 
argent luning ont of a lower.* 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 79. 
Wood f^vcs this C0.1I in colours: — 
' argent, on a pale aiuic 3 pairs of 
wings conjoined at tbe base in pale of* 
the first : crest, an csloile of twelve 
points or, isiob); oat of a pair of wiiigi 
conjoined at the base argent : motto, 
Snrtum* In Wood MS. E. 31 fol. 19 b 



it this note:— '15 Aog. 1633 or nacb 
about that time Dr. Potter presented 
one nf hit. Umkft lo the Ling intilolnl 
Ckaritie mittaktn; a prelicndihip of 
Windsorc (was) designed him for his 
reward then Itkcly to be void by (be 
promotion of the bishop of Ctoocester 
lo Hereford. It wu thought that Dr. 
(Peler) H(?yI)Ti should have been the 
■nan, and many of his friends, especially 
Richard Neale aicbbiihop of York pot 
him hard upon it; but it did not move 
him, onllc to far at to tnake ihii epl- 
gtam upon it and so pass it by : — 

When Wbdsore pnbcad late diiposcd 
was 

One aak'd me sadly how U came to 
pass 

Potter was chose and Hcylyo waa for- 
saken. 

I antwo-'d, 'twas by ekarilit mistakin. 
Dm the bishop of Olnuocstcr (Godfrey 
Goodman) did not move, and so the 
business endeil.' - Dr. Cliristopher 
Potter's book is ' W'ant of charity justly 
charged upon all soch Komanisis etc* 



196 



WOOffS UFE AND TIMES. 



\ 



Oxaa. and detne of Wonxslcr. £ed, T^ 3 BCsucb 164I; and vas 

I buried la Qnecn's CoBe^ ''*"n**" ^^ ^"^^ borne at Kendall is 
Westmotkud; muricd EfiaibcA iW duigfater oT Dr. Charles Sunny- 
bftnlw \ D.IX, cmDon of Wadsore and somtimes Student of Ch. 
ChuftJi.] 

P>r. <C%ri«of>k>r) racier* «neA (EUakMk) ducfater of Dr. <aitrles> 
SMijrbaBk OAM of Whikiii^ by «1m» W lad »«. Clurlcs {who died . . .\ 
CMOttiAwr, ma ... — Ckicla rtOoi^ A. M. inMifiiiin of Ch. Ch. ud «bo 
IMblislird • Uxd: tetu. ^'"no^ Im II1H.1 ImiIii'J died at LondoD about the 
nuiltlle of IVc %«£}. tic ra r |.iiiiiImii ahs to HaikBa Maria ijiKcn mother 
inibcT. wnwit to dw dalae «f ItiMiiiiirt) — CkbUiffaBr Potta* nurried . . . 
• • • . • MViwt h elawg ^ !• M MM Mife HUaMta.— Ednrd Fotter married the 
dwihter of Sit Sw^p«M «>««, U^^ of Odiotd. (Mr. E.Iward I'otier of 
S. Unmtee Um \ tm Am Md Mm. Marr \Muie named at & Marie's chucfa 
Jul^ I}, lA£^ QaMMckik ia my f«pcr o( faitiaU letttn ofWadham CoU^^ 



i>»fo^. r««bcMkt7 4 \Yii«*«c nctor | 

uf llwclcr e^wl. O»o« mad of iW 

doaabw of Wivtkui ia Ktrt, 

KathaoWl GiW*. 



I I 

Margaret w. to Jooe. m. to 
Ccvrc 5l Paal of Jaho Hickmote 
I^nbiU^ kaight. of WimlMtr, 

genL.,a pbiUaer.] 



■ bUhuprIc of .'■:?"™"">»w *»U, bis 
I» Wood MS k"*'" *" ^"'^ '***- 

t «"-■'""' "-«Ca^^"^''^"^^ 

rour ch.„a^^ J "Plicate which or the 
Chiiaophrr l'ott«\. "*'Bned to ibu 

^«^^■->dMsV'.'•' 
jmcrip*i.,n of (ti. n. ■ **^ '^ « "« 
l^iirirUai IU»cU , ,"*'•« Soanibank 

■ •'*P'^'»»PMl*dmWood 



M& F. 4, p. 157. 

* web a paper ii fomd In Wood MS. 
D. s at pp. II, 13 'loititaU (00 gtawe- 
stooo) m Wadhun Collrge cbapd*; 
Wood viihcd lo discoid torn tbe 
pamb rrgiucT of llotywetl wbo th« 
persons Iniried were, and irhoi, bnt 
found diftcnlty for this reason : — ^' Note 
that tbedavci of btirialsof thcsei<enoaa 
mic nioatljf set downe false by the ckik 
of St Ciou alias I (otjrwcti in the parish 
teglsteT : a drwiken cttrlen derke.' 
Tbe MS. iueir {\Vo.jd MS. D. 5) con- 
laioa notw from the rcgUlM* of Oxford 
parishea made tn i6;y ^%^ the cxlracta 
from & Mary** register arc fouml at p. 
j6 iqq. 
* note* on a tlip oow pasted ia Wood 

MS. F. 4. P- *77- 



I 



MARCH— yUNF, 1846. 



127 



[Sir Edward Wardoxir', kt, died, Su., ilic 14 March 164^; buried 
in All Saints church in the chanceU called the College chanccll. — The 
lad/ Jane Wardour died, Th., zo Jan., and {was) buried by her 
husband (Sir Edward), T., i Feb. i6g|.] 



An. Bom. 1646: 22 Cor. I: (Wood aet. 14.) 

April. — [Thomjis' Smyth ', alderman of Oxford, died at his house 
in S. Aldate's parish, ftF., 20 Apr. 1646; and was buried by his 
ancestors in S. Aldate's church. He married * Margaret daughter of 
John Wilniot of S. Aldate's parish, baker ; by whom he liad issue 
Oliver Smytl) (who married . . . daughter of (Robert) Bohun or 
Boon, deputy- recorder of Oxon, and by her had issue . . . who was 
married 10 (Henry) Evans of New Inne, now minister of Twyford in 
Hucks), The said Thomas Smyth had a daughter named Ann who 
was married to George Wake LL.D. somdmes fellow of Magd. ColL 
and proctor of the University, afterwards master of the Hospital! of 
Kortliain|iton : and (anollicr daughter named) Elizabeth*, married 
lo Gabriel Seymour of Oxon. — The said Oliver Smyth ', son of 
Thomas, died at his house in Grandpoole, Th., 14 March x66^; and 
was buried by his father. He was commonlie called Oliver Smyth 
junior.] 

June. — (Th., 4 June 1646, were issued 'Orders for preventing 
ihe spreading of tlie plague' in Oxford: this paper is now found in 
Wood 276 A no. 312.) 

■June 10, Wednesday, the garrison of Rorstall was surrendrcd 
for the use of the parliament. The schoolboys were allowed by 
their master a free liberile that day, and many of ihcm wont thither 



' note io Wood MS. F. 4, p, 80. 
Wood gives tbis cinit in coIoute: — 
'■able, on a chevron tKrlwccn 3 iBlbols' 
beads eiascil argent three llciu«-<le-liz of 
the fint [Waidonrj: impaling, argent, 
a nv«D> is pale lable, bea)c«d and 
Itggtd jijulc* [Bowdlcr de com. Salop.].' 
The llcurs-dflix in the Wardour coat 
axt cototnrd table, but Wood hu 
marked ' b.' i.e. blue, for a correction 
in the margin. Wood OBCS * W for 
luurc cooKAOlly, probably for tear of 
conrnsing the cooCractiooa ax. (mifrcBt), 
at- (a/&re). 

* Doce iu Wooil MS. F. 4 p. So. See 
in Wowl &IS. F. ](f A, a slip at fol. 330. 



* Wood here 0tcs in coloor thc«c 
arms :—' argent, a feu dotiixCt^ gotes 
between 3 coses uf ibc same seeded or 
barbed vm ; on the fcsa is a martlctt 
or, for difTercQce; impaling, arycnt 00 
a fcss gules between 3 caglci* heada 
erased table Ungiud gvles a unicorn 
lodged enclosed tiy two escallopa or.' 

* Wood iiuirs in the margin:— 
•Thomas Smyth and Margnret Wil- 
motc were married 14 Oct 1611 in S. 
Aldalc's drnrch.' 

* ' tli^abcth ' is In pencil only. 

* lee Wood MS. F. >() A in a slip at 
fol. 33a. 



X "HiLea ■■^riTB i .amc ' r i c .^e ::ock. 3 ^e "m r m^ v :d see 
■Jie jcaae r ■■nrssasn ^r -.iffgm r' -ne- ^sxrarax. ind :i:t aoi- 
'Jess I ^sc^ ' T rr-p. Tjl;*", ™f ■■■ ii'-'-Mm- .^^ T, .lau. .name- 
iocs .j -e ^ 3 -Tp^ .eiis^ zcy -'caE. '.=il "ix ce f :zeir ihcnid 

-aascn T33. .zr .=irr :3S tvx. Titrr "Tta ~rerr ,3 3arc=i :iic -iience 

iiiSTe ■::«=. lir a -— T. ^3se5r::rr'i. is ccai ait ^ .210 3ie 
ji"hon. jm iuioc ^ -inacirciS iii. ■^"'''^ "3e tciss. Tiicrr ht :a\r 
'He :«.'^ '"^ ^ f*ir. ^ir ^i"dtim .\jxirx'ii. i -iiir:^ -nn , -wrrn a:on some 
HrcssKiii T Tser xd im -u^a at ^rrusd ra ■-is.;tair:o inte i 
'.esKr. jr liiL :r :ae .rna 1 . -aaa. r ^sine i«ca nine: 

'Jane ia. Tr-jncsuiT Jiii 'licsumcr -av. ne c u r a oi t ji" -rsDn. 
Thica "raa "::r Jnesa . Jiui ■ :ii: -iissz '^-'. -mi ■•inimii .ai Jac nttretiy 
nsuieti -vcii^ -ce jt^ ^arr ^-^nnstasi. wa ?arr=Eizwi' :br ±e -jec 
3f se -aniantesL. is rmisc ;i ':3s carsans "were its .tare, xcaaon'i 

"i» ">-t:'t- iEii jis -ana: Ters 3 1 Tcrm. TMitncr T-jpftctL In ±e 

'jo -Jie iaic j una cn .-ame aio "sunc. asi ^ni iuwne -amr ames 
"Jitire. jemir ±<si 1. wk ieaaon. >Jnie ji' wajme .•ctttmns^c '-iieit die 
a*^ iiv. .i, X. Ten: Hie .ze w:k -j :«t; rreci. H-.' i^c'* some jf 
'Jur.T rai-« ind iiev xi :ui m :e::nr - r"-"*" :i^^ =i.--i::-^ :w iicne'-. he 
i:fic:.'i r.(7r hen -cilere :^c^^. :r -riiie uiti= ;r^'.:i "t;!: le .iiiid ^nth 
:h.em ifccn: ''rrjrd mij. .iii rrij.:iL:za mi ^■^:2ii:i..izc:; xere: :'or 

Fr'^Tich 'i-^urt, oaii :crr.e juusind ?ous,i5 n -x.-i.ji::!i7is n ::c irjiiiis of 
cjrainfl pernios :o juy jp the i[SS. ia u:e ?-ibUc i:id Jjilei^ 

' '.V'koH .:;:< :V is ■ .Vrridsrs Mudi- if ?x:"'t:' Ljcri. ■"^•». '-VxiJ fot 

inu 'hr iorrv-nrfer -^f the .jair^aiia jr :: ■ rixrrii's iuniniu;;:? «rr.t .nio Ox- 

fytinjA.' Wvid g*S :.) a ' ■\r::c:es fijrL' LdiiiL I"**'!. '^V juii 5-^1 :;" 

ciwymirfT "be Hirn^rKicr ■«' Ocnni ' "the -asss;^ » ihe Tiruiy vr ie «ir- 

frffoM i^«l^; arother -^.[i* Lt WmmI rraiier it' .-^brri.' L.'Ci:. I'j+'i. WjoJ 

561 'i^. ; ^ii'"'th''r ;ft?7 in Wjod 6iJ set rj • Or iers jni: xstnccocs hjt 

'^4,. W'K^-l 51^ 30 in -A fail onii rhe smr^niier oi'Oxiijm,' L^ad. :'>4'). 

triK r''l:iti>->n of thr itr-reral articles ind ' aote in Wi;oti >[i E. * : Wood 

a'-t'cFiiH f'-f^^. i»r fn.;n w-cj: 'he nir- ^loes 3<:t itjts wina^ these P'^r*'^ were. 

r*n'I''i' wsn mfl'lff,' lj->rA. t^i^fi — TTie mo* li'Kely place to iearca :or 

sr'^h'r "'p^y in Wr^,^ 501 'i- . Wood them is the Twrne CoUectioa in the 

i,fii ''>, IN ' Tr«at]r alyMt the isrreiuier Uoi-rcnit; ArcIuTa. 



JUNE — SEPT. 1646. 



199 



September.^* In the latter end of Aujf. or beginning of ScpL 
foUawing, his brotlier £d\vard Wood (bach, of Arts :uk] scholar of 
Trinity Coll.) came on foot from Oxon with Leonard Fettle (the 
brother of the wife of his cozen Hcnant the \'icar) and another scholar 
to see him and his brother, the vicar and the master and their 
wives'. They continued at least two nights in the vicar's house and 
great kindness was expressed by Ihem towards A.W. and his brother 
Christopher whom, the next day, Uie said Edward told, that they 
were soon after to return lo Oxon, and that their mother had 
much suffer'd in her estate by the late dreadful lire in Oxon and 
therefore was not able to maintainc tticm any longer at school in 
Thame &c. A.W. seemed vcrj' sorry at this neu-s, because he was well 
and n'anne where he was ', had good companie, and seem'd to have 
a fix'd love for the place, even so much that' he did never aficrwaids 
care to hear of New Colt, school to have given him scholastical education 
but applied all that he had to that of Thame, etc. But there was no 
remedy for go he ninst, and go he did with his brother after 
Michaelmas following [on * a horse or horses that were sent for them.] 

'After his relume to the house of his natinty, he found Oxford 
empty as to scholars, but pretty well reptenish'd with parliamentarian 
soldiers. Many of the inhabitants had gained great' store of wealth 
from the Court and royalists that had for several yeares continued 
among them ; but as for the yong men of the city and university he 
found many of them to have been debauch 'd by bearing armes and 
doing the duties belonging to soldiers, as watching, warding *, and 
sitting in tipling-houses for whole nights together. His mother put 
his brother Christopher to school in Oxon and himself to the tuition 
of his brother Edward of Trinity college, to whom he went once or 
twice in a day to receive instruction, and aJwaica spent every after- 
noon in his chamber, which was a cockleloft over the common gate 
of that college. 

"While he continued in this condition, his mother would alwales be 
soliciting him to be an apprentice, which he could never endure to 



* the ontio ^irecti of the HvL MS. 
ii ber« more distinct : — ' to see me and 
my brother and our rclationi — the vicsi 
and his vife. and ooi master ^fiott) and 
his wife.* 

* Hail. KT.Sl M3rs 'bnante he mn 
very veil and wann where he then was.' 

' the Hart. MS. ii briefer: ' ihat he 
■Iwaies owned that place (to be) that 
(which) gave bim acad<eiiucal> educa- 



tloa, and none else.' 

' this detail ia found only in the Hail. 
MS. 

* HaiL MS. has 'ifood' for ' ervat.* 

• Wood 90 (4^ U MCartin) IX[ewe]- 
Ijn'i] Poems {•Men-Miracles'); 00 pi. 
44 is a 'fwngat the Hutlybuah Guard '; 
there it also a poem lo Vulcan, with 
obtcure allusioaa to the Oxford fire of 
Oct. 1644. 



13° 



WOOLfS UFE AND TIMES. 



heire of: and somtimcs kHc would tell him that she would set him 
out to an attorney or sollidtor, and he remembred well that she oflen 
tneniioo'd Mr, John Theyer a solUcitor (of whom shall be mention 
made under the ycarc i66(8)) as a fit master for him, but still he 
drew back and tum'd his eare. Kay she was so silly that she would 
sevcial times i»'opose to him some inferior mechanical trade, because 
she found him to have a mechanical head, and alwaies at leisure 
times very active in framing little trivial things or baubles*. 

[Note' that when the Queen lay in Merlon College, which was 
from the year 1643 to 1646, there were divers marriages christnings 
and burialls carefully rcgcstrcd in a privat regisier by Mr. John 
Gurgany, one of the chaplaynes of Merton College ; but about the 
time of the surrender of Oxon the said register ' among other books 
were stolen oat of his window in his chamber jojming to the church 
dore.] 

[In anno* 1646 a little after the citie of Oxen was surrendred to 
the Parliament forces were sent 6 presbylcrian preacliers' from the 
parliament to settle their doctrine there. Their names — Cornish and 



* the ITul. MS. tpcftlcs out more 
Jtrottgly here: — 'Niyshce w««o «lly, 
that shee woald sevenl times fonooth 
propose to mc the trade of a tinner or 
tin>m&o, or *. mui that makes kildiin* 
wire, lanthoms, and such like tiivUl 
thin;;s. because she found me to have a 
mechanical head and idwaiai at leisure 
limeii active in framing Uttlc baubles." 

* note in Wood MS. E 33, rtfening 
to Mcrt. Coll. iS. John BapL) church. 

' in MS. Kawl. B 402 «, p. 61 another 
drift of this note says :— * the register 
with other book-s was stolen away from 
him by the soldiers and quite lost* 

* note in Wood MS. E. 31 fol. ai. 

* Henry Cornish, formerly of New 
Inn Hall, Oifterwanls by the Parliamen- 
tary Visitors made Canon of Ch. Cb. ; 
Henry l-anglry, formerly of Fembrolte 
College, afterwards made Master of 
Pcmhrolce; Edward Reynolds, formerly 
of Merton, afterwarciE matJe Dean of 
Ch. Ch. ; Robert Ilair^'s, formerly of 
Ma^d. Ha.II. afterwards made President 
of Trinity; FmncisCheyncll, formerly of 
Merton, al^crwsrds made PrcsideM of S. 
John's; Henry Wilkinson senior.fonnerly 
of MagtI. Hall, aficrwaids made Canon 
of Ch. Ch. See an acumat of their 



mission fo Gotdi's Wood's Hist. Univ. 
Oxon. ii. 489., and of tlie way in which 
the Independents contended with them, 
ibid. ii. 494. Wood afierwardi col- 
lected the jaraphlels issued in connecttoo 
with this debate : — 

(a) Wood 514 (31) 'A true rcUtioo 
of the late conference held nt Oxford 
between Fresbytcriuu and Indepeo- 
dents.* 1646. 

(h) Wood 514 ( J a) * A pnhlilce con- 
feraice betwixt Che six PresbyleTi«n 
ministers and some Independent com- 
manders at Oxford, is Kor. 1646/ 
1646. 

[c) Wood 514 (J3) 'Troth trinrnpli- 
ing over Error and Heresy,' Load. 
1646; in which Wood notes * Francis 
CheyncU the author (»iiuicre).' 

[d) W"ood 514 (34) * Nor Tmth nor 
Error nor Day nor Night,' 1647; in 
which Wood notes : — * pnbliihed by 
{William) Erbnry or one of hii party; 
rather by Cheyuell.' 

[e) Wood 514 (1.0 ' An account 
given to Parliament by the Ministers 
sent by them lo Oxford,' Lond. 1647 ; 
in which Wood notes ' (pnbllshcd) 
menic Fcbr. 1646 {i.e. f), the authour 
Fr. CheyncU." 



SEPT. 1648 -- MAY, 1647. 



>3i 



Lai^er. two foofes; Reynolds and Harrys, two knaves; Cbe^'nell 
and rabbi Wilkirson, two madmen,] 



[The* founder of Magd. (Coll.) bis crosier and miter taken away 

out of the Treasury of Magd. by the prcsbyterians': and col. 

(Thomas) Kclscy' countenanced them.] 

( WtMKi 53 1 ( lo) * Jtttta honoraria, or ftincnJ rites in hononr of Robert {Dctctcox) 
earl of Rssex*,' Lond. 164^, hy Daniel Evancc, Icctorcr nfSl. ClcrDcnl'sDanrshas 
■atyrical ddccs wrilteo by Wood ia the margin, hot I doubt whether they are bis 
own. Thiu, the author's name * I^nniel Evanoc ' is represented in an anagram at 
' I, a leane Dunce.' Oa the lines of the preface which saj — 

*So the state orders that which walks abroad 
Must pus the press by licence; so it shou'd* 

■ note is made ' " at>road " and " shoa'd " are ryme by poetical license, not the 
slate's.' On the openiDg lioc of the [laiiegyric 

' More fragrant then the braised pomander,' 

thb note is written :— ' they that cmbalm'd say No ! ') 

An. Dom. 1647 : 23 Car. I : (Wood a«t. 15.) 

May.— 'May 26, W., A. Wood was matriculated ' as a member of 
the University and a gentleman's son'. — This was done by his brother 
Edward, who obtained a certificate that he was matriculated from 



' note hy Wood printed by lleame 
in 'libei Niger Soiccarii.' 

' in MS. Tanner 338 fol. 243 is ' an 
account of the whole proceedings be- 
fore the right honourable the boose of 
Lords in otdcr to the recovery of the 
nitre, crosiar, staffe, etc, taken oni of 
Magd. Coll. Oxon. in the yearc [646 fay 
one Michael Baker, messen^^r of the 
hoase of Lords, under colour of an 
order of the hottse for the scizic); popish 
rcli(|iies, estimated to be worth jooo//'.' 
Tbcy were given np to Alexander 
Thaine, n&hcr of the Black Rod. The 
Mid Thaine and . . . Wheeler a jjnld- 
tmith (lunce deceased) concenlnl tbein. 
John Oliver, president of Magdalen, 
tried to recover them at the testontioD. 
Henry Clcrkc. after 1 ) years, resnm«d 
the proceedings which had dropped at 
JobBOliYei*sdeathini6(Si. LordiMooae 
(t Warwick Mohun, thicd Wron) and 
Locas {John Lucas, fint baron) be- 
friended the college ; the bishop of 
Louloo (Gilbert Sheldon; discouraged 



it. 1 do not ealhcr chat the college 
ever recwcred its property. 

' de]iniy-govcmDT of the Parliamen- 
tary garriiton orOxfonl. 

• Wood 531 {9) is Thomas Twyn's 
' An clt^ Qpon the imbnppy losie of 
the . . . carl of Essex,' Loail. 164't. 

■ among the Wood books are some 
which Wood may concuvably have 
boogfat on tdt entrance to the University. 
(a) Wood 4J3 (15) ; 'Synopsis statuto. 
mm Univ. Oxoa.' 1635, a compcnd of 
the promions of the statstcs affectine 
ondcTtiTadQatcs : (,b] Wood 433 fid)) 
' Speculum Academicum,' including a 
' Cydus pfsplecloinm ' in which the 
chief isformatioo given is about the 
amount of fine incurred tiy HMf-aiiend- 
aace at a gi>-en lecture : (c) Wood 413 
(19) ' Qnadratma ciicnli atndlonmi,* 
1643- 

' 'filiusgcnerosi*; for the significance 
of ibis, see CUrlt's Keg. Univ. Oxon. 
11. i. 6, 163. 



K 2 



i3» 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



Matthew Cross the superior beadle of law, which * be kept by him to 
the time of his death.— But afterwards when he was master of Arts 
and had a full sight of the matriculation tx)oks, he could not find liis 
name rcgestred in any of them. 

JUI7. — [Thomas- Clayton*, Dr. of Physick, the king's professor 
of Physick and head or master of Pembroke Coll., died in his house 
in 5. AJdate's parish, about 12 at night on S,, the 10 of July 1647 and 
was buried in the chancell of S. Aldate's church. He married . . . 
daughter of Bartholomew Warner, Dr. of Physick and the King's 
profesaour of Physick in the University; by whomc he had issuer 
Thomas (who succeeded his father in the professorship and is now 
warden of Morton College and a knight), and James, also a daughter 
named Elizabeth (who was married to one John Milboume of Alleslon 
in com. Glocester, genL). He had also another son named William 
borne in S. Marie's pariah Oxon. Aug. 1619. 

. . . Sacvyle * of Bybery in com. Glouc. died in tlic house of Martin 
Lypiat an apothecary, living against S. Marie's church ; died . . . 
July 1647, and was buried at Bybery I .wppose. — . . . , the wife of 
Sackvyle of Bybery died Su., 18 Januar. anno 1657 (i.e. ^) ; buried at 
Bybery. She was daughter of . . . Trinder of Holwell by Burford.] 

August.— [Thomas Scudamore", son of John Scudamore of Kein- 
church in com. Hereford, esq., died, M., 9 Aug. 1647, ael. 20; and 
was buried in tlie isle jo)-ning on the south side of the chancell 
belonging to the church of S. Peter in the BaJye.] 

[1647', T., Aug. 24, Jane Heame, daughter of Kdmund Heme, 
somtimes curai of Garsingdon near Oxon, died ; buried in the church 
yard (of S. John Baptist church). She died of the plague, and 
about the same time a certainc man died of that disease in the Pit 
yard. His body, I remember, was searched '.J 

October. — *Oct. 1 8, Sl Luke's day and Munday, he was entred 



* the Hul. MS. bu 'whicb I bare 

yet laying by me.' 

> notes in Wood MS. F. 4 p. Bi. Ad 
culiet draft U in MS. Raw]. n.ff/iJM 1390. 

* Wood givft in colour this cont: — 
' soblcj Ml owl atgent. a chief indented 
of tbc second : crcal, an owl's hckd 
parted pet fets indented argent St sable.* 
Wood 576 (John Nicodontu" ' Ft&odttl 
Fatricii Scocniii dc ttg^o «t regix in- 
Uttutione,' Farli i£7S, pouibly l^e- 
lonj;cd to bitn, haviu{> ihe autogrepb 
'Tbumu CleytoD,' and ibe notes: — 



ia'\ ' £z ■nJma. nuLlae mtltint co^ta.- 
tioncs : Tob, Marter ' ; {&) • Ta ergo 
nialus Marler.' 

* Wood has dnwn pencil outliaet 
for a coat : — ' quarterly or and gviiet, a 
bend Tair, nithin a bordorc . . . ' 

* note b Wood MS. F. 4 p. 8r. 
Wa<')d gives in colours this coott : — 
' gules, 3 stirrnpt leathered and buckled 
or: cres.1 a Iwnr's paw proper issuing 
out of a docal coronet or." 

' note in Wood MS. E. 33. 

* i. e. for the tokens of the plague. 



MAY— DEC. 1647. 



>3S 



Into the butteiy-boolt of Merton college, being about that time made 
by Mr. Edward Copley ', fellow of thai house, his postniasior, and put 
into the chamber under him in llic great quadrangle. He had not 
then any tutor in thai Cull. ; but couLiaucd still under the insiruction 
of his brother Edward in Trin. coll. 

NoTember. — [Robert* Pynk, D.D., warden of New Coll., died Su. 
the 3 Nov. 1647 sine prole and was buried in New College chappell 
neare the pulpit.] 

[3 Nov.* 1647, Dr. Pinke, D.D. and w-arden of New Coll. died and 
was buried in the chappeU ; he bore to his armcs : — ' argent, a pale 
lozcngce gulcs, within a bordure sable charged nnth crosses pate fitche 
or.'] 

December. — *At that time Christmas appearing, there were fires 
of charcole made in the common hall on Allsaints eve, Allsaints day 
and night, on the holydayes iheir * nights and eves between thai time 
and Christinas day ; then on Cliristmas eve, Christmas day and 
holydayes and their nights, and on Candlemas eve, Candlemas day 
and night '. 

•At all these fires every night, which began to be made a little 
after five of the clock, the senior under-graduats would bring into the 
ball the juniors or freshmen between that linae and six of the clock, 
and there make ihem sit downe on a forme in the middle of the hall, 
joyning to tlie declaiming desk : which done, every one in order was 
to spcakc some pretty apoihcgmc, or make a jest or bull, or speake 
some eloquent nonsense, to make the company laugh. But if any of 



» Edw»nl Copley, BA. Exet. 35 
Oct. 163 J : M_V Mm. a a Feb. iSHl 
fellow of MctloQ i6,-]3. Tbe right of 
Uie Icllows to nominate to tbc po&t- 
maitersliips was &boitly afler this dis- 
puted hy the l'trlliitnci)tu7 Viiiton. 
la Wood MS. E. 33 is thii cntiy: — 
•1G48 [I.e. I], Much n (lut day of 
the year) Edwaid Co[jley A.Mr, and 
IcUow of Mertoo ColL died ; buried in 
the choire (of McrL CoU, dupel) 
againit his itall.' 

■ note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 81. 
Wood gives in colour the snns: — 
'Argent two cbevionelU sable between 
3 roses gules seeded or bubed rcrt 
[New College] ; inipalioj;, aigeot 9 
loteoget in pale gules, on k lionlorc 
ublc nine croucs F>Btce fitchcc or 
[i'jrfike].' Wood, in Wood Mb. £. 4, 



has the following note aboal Ptnke'i 
aamiive of hit vice-duncellonhip : — 
Robert Pinke's ' book conuinin); the acts 
of hb vice-cbooccllor&hip from July j6, 
1644 to July 11, 1646 — iherinnte several] 
speeches of bis spoken in CoaTocatioa. 
It coauinet So pages of his owue hand- 
writing; and (is now, 1674) in the hands 
(as I take it) of John Holton, hit kins- 
man, of Hflckwuu<l in Hampvhire — a 
little thin folio. Tht!> book hath been 
peroscd by $€¥67,111, and ga?e example 
to Dr. (Kalph) Batltunt when he was 
Vic«>chanocilor.' 1 do not know whether 
thii MS. is still in exigence or not. 
' note in MS. Kawl. D. oiim 1190. 

* * their ' simply makes the gMittire, 
i.e. ' the nighuond eve^ uf the HulyKlAys.' 

* the Horl. MS, has 'and Candlcmu 
night,' whjcb seems right. 



134 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



the frcabmcn came off dull, or not cleverly, some of the forward or 

pragmatical seniors would ' luck ' them ', that is, set the nail of their 
thumb to their chin, just under the lower lipp, and by the help of 
their other fingers under the chin, they would give him a mark, which 
somtimes would produce blood. 



{ Wo0(£i cofttemporaries* in Merlon College.') 

[1649 ^.—Edmund Dickenien, Berks, son of WilliuD Didcenson of Abendoo, 
minister, aged l6. He was ao Eaton postmaster : bore armes for the kiug. BA. 
1647 ; afterwards fellow and Dr. of I'liysick. 

tfieioias Davis, Berks, soa of William Davis ofMongwrll, Berks., gcot, aged 17. 

Edward A Wood, waa of Thomas ^ Wood of Oioa, gent, aged 15 ; postmattcr, 
■fierwaids fellow. 

/oHn Munoi, SOD of Joha Murcot of Warwick, aged 15. 

Edward Benaek, of Coniwall,, 900 of John Beoock of Botreanx, co. Contw., [Jd>., 
afiedis. 

Samuel Blount, plcb. fil., aged 16. 

Wiiliam PeoU, of Kent, son of Benjamin Poole of Maydston, gent., aged i|. 

William Herfward or Harwood, Kent, son of a minister, aged 1 6. rustmaKter. 
He gave do answer to the Visitors, bat withdrew himself from the College opoa 
some (I knuw not wliat) accouaL Sod of Dt. {Richard) Harwoodc, ptcbcDdary 
of tilonccsLcr, I think — qoiere. 

Robert Wood, Snrrey, I-Aion postmaster. B.A. (Mert) 18 March ll54f ; H^ 
(Men.) 1649 : afterwards fellow of Lincoln. 

1643. — Henry Munday 01 Mundy, son of Henry Monday of Henley-OQ- 
Tbames in com. Oxod. Became posttaaslcr from C.C.C., where he was, I think, 
a cboiister. B.A. 1647. 

1044, Not, 77, — Edtvard Bmghen, Berks, «m of Edward Dougben of Wood- 
cfanrub in Kent, clerk, aged 18. 

Id4|, Msjch ^. — Thomas Jiainhew, son of a clerk or minister, 

1046, Jnnc ai. — Richard //odgiJtiti, of Shropshire, son of Klchnrd Ilodgskin of 
Little Arcal in the same cotmly, plcb., nged 18. He waa expeltcd from hi* jiosl- 
inaster'fi place for non-£obmissioti to the Pari. Visilois, anno 164S. AftcrwardE be 
rctnnicd asd was tutor for a time to Johc Corbet of S, Mairie tlall eaq. in the be- 
ginning of the ycAre 1^51. 

164|, Feb. \i.-^Jffhn A'eicmaH, of Doisetshire, son of WUIiiim Newmao of 
Devclish in the same county, pleb. B.A. 13 May 1649 ; submitted. 

Rohert Cripps, of Oxfordshire, afterwards fellow. 1 think originally of Magd. 
Hall ; B.A. 14 Nov. 164!!. 

1346. — Joiias Priekttt^ Cboraccnsis, sen of Marmaduke Pricked, a college 
tenant, of Allalhorp Yorkshire, plcb., aged 17; [lotdmoitvr : sobmiltcd to the 
Visitors. 



' for 'tucking 'see also Shaftesbury's 
autobiography (he matriailntcil at 
Exeter 34 March 163!), cited in Boase's 
Ke£. Coll. Exon. p. xxix. 

* these notes by Wood about bis 
eontcnipotaries in his undergraduate 
days axe taken from a paper in MS, 



Tanner 43!) ful. 1^4 sqq. and from a 
portion of the came ]w|ier in MS. Kawl. 
D. «//«( 1 390, 

^ * May 30 ' is addcfl : bat it !s not 
clear whether it applies only to Pickcn- 
son's admission or also to those which 
follow. 



DECEMBER, 1647. 



^55 



Rfittrt Bo!te<k, Bucks., son oi Micliael Bostock of Harcrtham co. Bocks, prieit, 
Bged 17. lie was an Eaton postmaster. Expelled by the VUitors Tot noo-sub* 
mttsion, 6 Ang. 1649- After fac was expelled by the Vtsiton he went to 'a. Alban 
llail ud as a member ttcreof took the dc(p«e ofB-A. 7 Match i6tg. After the 
kiDg'*t restoration be became ministct of Roinaey in Keot. 

William KtmbU-, son of William Kemble of Stixttoc Id Wilu, gent., a Colltf::* 
tenant, aged 18. Postmaster. Submitted to the Visitors; took his bacheUui'a 
de^jTCC 35 May 1651 ; weat to Alban Hall for a time. 

Hmrjt Ifav/Iey, of l^xfonl, ion of Dr. Ifenry Ilawlcy, a physltian, aged 15. At 
fint he did not sabmtt ; bat at last upon better thoDgbt be did submit. Foitmaster. 
Afterwards fellow of Oriel College : proctor. Lstated at BnUttfurd in ... ^ wlicte 
he died. B.A., Mcrt., alS May 1649. 

Richartl PhiiUfs, of Shiopshire, son of Andrew Phillips, roiniater, of Tone 
Alton in the same coanty. He was taken from Hall. Coll, where he was a serritor ; 
by Mr. {Nicholas) Howson made his postmaster ; aged iS or more. At fint he 
did not submit to the Visitors, but nficrwanls upon second thoughts he did. He 
continued in the Collrge abunt 3 yearca after; where be was observed to be giren 
mtich to tricking and drawing pictures with his pen, and somthing to mosick. lie 
was B.A. it Apr. t6^i ; but did not dctermitte. An ingenious man. He went 
afterwards into his owne cuontry, wliere be hai^l sunie small cure. He was created 
M. of A. at the king's restoration ; and about 3 or 4 ycaies after died in his owa 
oouatry. 
/ohH Lckt, potfnaster. expelled for oon-submiuion. 

. . , Smylk, of whom I know no more. 

Basil BrtHt, son of Sir Nathaniel Urcnt, warden, was a feUow-coiunotter ; and 
enjoying a faire estate after his father's death ncare H'alltogford in Berks, became 
High Sheirifr of that oonoty. He had an estate also in Hereford '. 

Wiiliam CoU, son of John Cole minister of Alderbnry in Oxfordshire, was his 
tmcle'a Mr. John French bis postmaster. Ue w&i originally one of the clerks of 
Mew College. i).A. iS Feb. 165;. 

1047. — Barthtlmtvt Orme of Stratford Bow neare London, M.A. of St. Andtewei 
ia Scotland, became a cooimaner of Merlon College in expectation of preferment 
from the Visiton, to whom he snbmittcd in the yc&re following, and in the same 
yeue in April being incorporated ^L of A., was made fellow of Wadliam College 
by them in October foUowing. He was chainbcr-fcUowwith William Cox follow- 
ing in the comer chamber under the library ; took their commons in that cbambcri 
and vrhcn they left the college they garc belwccn them a little piece of plate. 

tViUiam Ccx,s<xi of William Cox (wmtimes fellow of Mcrton College, after- 
wards ricar of Emildon), M.A. of Andrew's Universiiy in Scotland, was a com. 
mono of Mcrton College in expectation of prefermcat from the Visitors, to whom 
he submitteil in the yeare following ; and in the same yeare in Ajtril being in- 
corporated M.A. was made toon after by the Vtsitots fellow of Biasnosc College. 
He resigned in 1651 * ; succeeded his father in thevicaridge of Emlldooanuo 1657, 
Oct. 19, by the preaentatiun of the College ; where he died 167-. 

1047, May i.f>.^Antkony Wood, Oxoo., ioq of Thomas Wood, geot., pott- 
master, afterwards clerk. 

Samiul Jotus, Meriooetb, son of John Roberts of Cawen in the said cotmty, 
{deb^ aged 19, was made from being a scrvituor of AlUouics College either a pott- 



' 'Hereford' is in pencil only a* 
doabtful. 

* this clause Is substituted for ' After- 



wards being cxpclkd by Dr. (Daoiel) 
Greenwood for misdemeanour.' 



I3tf 



WOOD^S trFE AND TTMES. 



nftster or pro-poslmuter. Expelled for DQD-mliimttton. Alterwuds lired poote. 
Was \a Oxoo «rter the Fcstotalion and ta 1660 wu cicalcd H. of A. bat Ibea 
little betln tban cfoKsl. 
John Prickttt, Ebor., brother to Josias 'before-raentioned, tgcd 16. 
John BIomJu, son of the improprutor of Bicdiow com. Bucks, postnuster ; ex- 
p^ed for noa-subtniision. He wu aftennrda ao attoniey in Aylesbaiy. 
Samuel Heskitts, pleb. 61. 

John Smart, of LTcshain in Worcerierehirc. He afterwards nibmitted to the 
Vliiton and bcou&e scholu, tuid aftijwards Fellow, of Trinity CoUi^. Aa ex- 
oellcnl preacher. 

BrystH Ambler, a nuniiter'i BOo of Sbropihlrc, a pofU&astcr or pro, expel'd by 
the Visitors \(>^i}. Aflcmaiils a minister in Shrojithire where he diol (bruke bis 
oeclc, they say : with a fall from ti» horse. ' Johannes Ambkr, filiu* Brian Ambler 
de Lidbury com. Salop, clcrici, act 17,' malrimUted of Allsoulcs Coll., 9 April 
1689. 

SyhieJter Sxoitzer, son of the host of the inn called 'The Garter ' in WindBore ; 
Eaton postmaster; expelled lor non-iul>mikioD Aug. 1649. Aftcrvrardj taught 
school in Cornwall. 

John H'right, sea of . . . Wright lohiister of Bidford in Warwickshire, post- 
master or pro at least. Kxpel'd for non-subiaisuon. Afterwords there was a 
itrong report that he timicd a Koman Catholic aod afterwards a pnrist — which is 
fa.\ix. After hi& maJMly's rcslonlioo be was created M.A. (1660), and became the 
cticil' master of the King^'s Schole ai Worcester. 

HicharJ Immimgt or Ycomani, son of Richard iTncoinj^ of Stratford, Wilts, 
clerk ; brcame postmaster or pro from C. C. C. [where, I tbink, be was chorister), 
aged 14 or thenbuuts. Exjxrlled for non-submissiun, as JC seems. Created M. of 
A. after the Kinif's restoration. Became minister, I think, in his coontry; bat 
being alwaiei crax'd, as his elder brother Thomas of C.C.C. was and bis sister 
(wife of . . . Hasclwood the apothecary;, killed hiinxU by the river's side Dcare 
Uiftcy, anno . . . , and his tenement or iCDcniecta in Oxon behind All hallows were 
forfeited to the University. 

William Hill, a committee man's ton, of Hertfordshire, bible-clerk. 

£.druard Keyttdds, son of Dr. (Edwnrtl) Rcyriolde, of Nurthamplonsliire ; poA- 
master (I think). AAerwards by the endeavour of bis father . . . 

1648.— ywir/A Harocy, afterwards fellow. [ 
Kichard Trevcr, afterwards fellow, i 
These two did enter theintelfet comniooert a'loiit the beginning oftliisyeare in ex- 
pectation of preferment Irom the Visitors. They were both elected probationary 
fellowes this yeare. 

id4|. — 'fhemoi James, of Sussex, ministri filial. Postmaster Feb. %'j, 164I, or 
pro. ExpeUcd 1649. He was a short whiC-h&ircd man, and afterwards was an 
officer (leirtenanl) In a sJiip. 

Sttphen Riikmcnd, plcb. lil., first, aervitoor, then, postmaster, and after lobmit* 
ting to the Viiitors was by tliem made poslmaslrr, 1650. He dcllgblcd ninch ia 
dialling while in the College ; bad a mechanical head. B.A. i April 165J.— He 
was put in postmaster by one of the fellowes against the Visitors' order, rcmorcd 
for a time, and came in againe. 

John Martin alias Biik^, of Witney in com. Oaoo, pofttmaster; afterwards^ 
upon his submission, fellow of C. C-C. 

164|. — Wiliiam Statu, a College tenant's son; postmaster; rabmilted to the 
Visitors and was coofinned in that place. A confessed member of {Thomas) 



DECEMBER, 1647. 



'37 



I 



I 
I 



Goodwin's church. B.A. 3 Much t6f j, MjV. 165$, A stoot nan. AAct the 
king*! tcstonttloQ he ran ont of hii estate ; tum'd Tor7. Though his anocstore for 
•cretmll gcnentioos bjid beld s rich farme of the College at Norton-MaiidcvilL (for 
300 ycaies or more), yet this peraon sold it. He died in the bcfflnning of 1684. A 
hiir-bnioe fellow. 

Tkomat LaurtHU, an apolhecnry's suin ui 1«i)c1un : forced to Ictvve Mcrinn 
College : went to Alban Kali ; took both the degrees in arts as a member of that 
house; smdied pb>5icle. 

Franiit Sayer,iQXi of Franci* Sayer tDiDister,of Yatteodenlo Baki ; poatmtster ; 
B.A. 1651, M.A. 1655. 

Georgt Owm, son of Dr. Owen of Pembrokeshire : postmaster. Pnt oat by the 
Visitors iG Jan. l65{, becatue he was put in hy a fellow vrithonl their urtler, B.A. 
18 March ifijj. Alterwards one of the junior Officer* of Armes by the cndcaronn 
of his kLnsman Gconjc Owen, York herald. Afterwards fellow of AlliKwles ; D J). ; 
beoetic'd and dig&ified la Wales. 

RoUrl Ifinktey, yongcr brother to Dr. (Jolm) Hinklcy. was cither iK«tmaster 
or pro: went afterwards to Ch. Ch., and was a Student there. B.A. (Cb. Ch.) 
3 Feb. 165!. 

l.Q^9.~-Gtcrse Child, pat In poBtraaster by the Visitors 6 Aug. i$4«> In the 
place of (Robert) Bostock. Went aftrrwnnls to Qncen's College of which he was 
B.A. 17 July 165J. M.A. (New Inn Ifall) 1655. 

Joints Britkneli, son of James Bnckncll^ a suTgcon in the Parliamentary army, 
among the forces raised for the parliament by William (Russell) eail of Bedford. 
He afterwanls aucc:ccdetl William Hill in the clerkship of the College and took his 
degrees in Arts (M.A. 165s), and became a minister in Kent 

BJxoard Rood, aii Abendon man boine, sun uf . . , Rood, a facUoiu minister of 
that place. Bred in liaton school. Katon posimasler by the Csrocr of the Visitors 
II Nov. 1649. A bold and iinpndrnt person. Afterwar^ls fellow, etc. 

Thfimaj Mytn or Myerst, gen. fil. e com. Kbor. ; pnt in postmasicr by one of the 
fsllows but removed by the Visitors because put iu contrary lo their order, 16 
Jan. i6«t. 

G<org Prictut, yonger brother to Josaas and John Pricket before menlioned ; was 
postmaster also but removed because contnry to the order of the Visitors. Pat In 
sgaioe hy them, B.A. fi July 1653. Aflirrwnrds went to one of the Temples \ be* 
ouse a bsncstcr; swome Serjeant at Law 37 Apr. 1693. 

Daiil Martial, Eaton postmnatM' an. Dooi. 1649, KA. 1653. 

Atfraham 'J'komton, postmaster, removed thence by the Visitors 16 Jan. ifijf, 
because put in against their order. Went to Alban Hall : was admitted B.A. as X 
member of that hoose iB June 1651 : he did not determine. 

franfis More, of Clanfield in Oxfordshire, postmaster ; removed thenee by the 
Visitors, because put in agabist Ihelr order. I'ul in againe by their order. fi.A. 
6 July 16^4. Afterwards had a beneficial place belonging to the law. 

KicharJ Cote, biothur to William before mentioned, was made postmaster by his 
imcle John Krench, removed by the ViMtors because put in against their order. Ms 
was afterwards botmd an apprentice to an apothecary in T^Airidun, served his time 
oat and soon after died. He came in after Christopher Abdy. 
Jthn <7M<Aff/A, gentleoun-commoDer. Admitted B.A. a$ March 1653. 

ftohtrt Cltment. poftnuister Co his ancle Richard >'nuiklin. B.A. J3 Fcb^ 1651^ 
M.A. 16.17. -Minister of Ogbnnic, Wilu. 

imo,—J<rAH Siafford, gen, fil de Tboraborow io com. Gloc, gcntleman- 
conunoiter. 



»38 



WOOTfS LIFE AND TTAfES, 



Xithard H^'rigkl, pleb. fiL, pat in postmastcz by the Visitors i6 Jan. i6{t. B.A. 
35 Oct. 1654; itctit in Comitiis 1657. 

WiUiam JeknsoHy pDl la postmaster by tlie Visitori 16 Jao. i6^f. 

Robert Listtr, plcb. fil., pot is poitmuter by the Vititon, t6 Jon. tdjf. B.A. 
I June 1654. 

. . . Davis, pat in at the tsme time. I dctct rcmenibcT bim resident. 

Sautiul flieron, pleb. fil., of New Inn, put in poftnuAtr by the Viiiton at the 
same time. B.A. 8 Feb. \ht\ \ M.A. ai June ]6jj. 

Thomas SoUy, lerritor, put in also poitcuiter at tbc nine Ume. Aftenrar4a 
dcmie of Magd. Coll. ; curat at Cassdngton. 

Wiitiam Itard or Isod, servitor, pTit in postmaster at the tame tiae. f»SfM- 
vards rector of Welford in Glonccttcrsbire in which parish Dirkmenh 10 War- 
vrickahiie is. 

Sptmer, pDt Id posonaatet at the ume time. I do not remember blm 

resident. 

Robtrt Pretty, postmaster.] 



<184^ : Wood aot. 16.) 

February. — 'On Candlemas day ',or before (according as Shrove- 
tucsdriy fell out), every freshman had tvartitng given him to provide 
his speech, to be spoken in the publick hall before the under-graduats 
and servants on Shrove^Tuesday night that foliowcd, being alwaJes 
the time for the ob,ser;'ation of that ceremony. According to the said 
summons A. Wood provided a speech as tbe other freshmen did. 

*¥eh. 15. — Shrove-Tuesday, Feb. 15, the fire being made in the 
common hall before 5 of the clock at night, the fcllowes would go to 
supper before six, and making an end sooner tlian at other times, 
they left the hall to the libcrtie of the under-graduats, but with an 
admonition from one of tlie fellowes (who was then principal of the 
under-graduats and postmasters) ihat all things should be carried in 
good order. While they were at supper in the hall, the cook (Will. 
Noble*) was making the lesser of the brass pots iiil of cawdel at the 
freshraans' charge ; which, after tlie hall was fret- from the fellows, 
Viii brought up and set before the iirc in the said hall. Afterwards 
every freshman, according to seniority, was to pluck off his gowne 
and hand, and if possibly '^ to make himself look like a scoundrel!. 
This done, they were conducted each after the other to the high table, 
and there made to stand on a forme placed thereon ; from whence 



' Feb. J. 

• In Wood MS. E. .^3 is this entry ;— 
' '^-tti ^'i^l^- lOi ^Vil]iftl^ Noblr of the 
pariflh of Comnor, lie/ks, upj>er couk 
of Mertoo Coll. wa& mauied lo Haniiah 



Bates of Faithingo in Northamptoo* 
ihEre* {in a John fiapt. Chucb, 
Oxfoid). 

* 'poe&ibly* id both the flarl. and 
Tanner MSS., by a slip, for ' possible.' 



FEBRUARY, 1648. 



139 



they were to speak their speech with an nudible voice to the com- 
pany : which if well done, the person ihat spoke it was to have a cup 
of cawdic and no salted drinke ; if indiflferenlly, some cawdle and 
some salted drink ; but if dull, nothinj; was given to him but salted 
dHnk or salt put in coUcg^c bcere, with tucks to booL Afterwards 
when they were to be admitted into the fraternity, the senior cook 
was to administer to them an oath * over an old shoe, part of which 
runs thus — " Item tu jurabis quod penniless bench' non visitabis" 
&c. the rest' is forgoltcn, and none there arc now remembers it. 
After which spoken with gravity, the Freshman kist the shoe, put on 
his gowne and band and took his place among the seniors. 

*Now for a diversion and to make }-ou laugh ai llic folly and 
simplicity of those times, I shall entertaine you with part of a speech 
which A. Wood spoke while he stood on the forme placed on the 
table, with his gowne and band off and uncovered. 

"Most reTercnd Scniorfi, 
" May it please yourGravitics to at^mit into yonr presence a kitten of the Mu»«. nnd 
" a meci frog of Ilelicoa to croaJt the cataracts ai his plumbeous cctcbrosily before 
" yoor sagadom int^enuities. Pcrhapi }'ou may expect thai 1 sboald thoader oat 
" ikmicaimDn words, and lerel my talptmrtous tbioat against my fellowes of ths 
" TyriKtntaD crew : but thi» being ibc nuivenal jud^cDt of wee fresh water Acaile- 
" mians, behold, as to maoy »ty^an ftuica or g^otls risen oat of tbcii winding 
"ahcets, wcc present onrselrcs before yoat tribunal, aiid theiefuK I will not fnlmi- 
"naie* nor tonitmaie wonis nor Ewell ioTo gigiuiiick sueiiia: such towring cbaUi- 
" tioos do not exutierate in my Aganippe, tieing at the lowest ebb. I have been do 
" chairman in the committee of Apollo's creatores. neither was I ever admitted into 
** the cabins councils of the rycrian datncs, that my btaines should evapofatc unto » 
" high hyperboles, or that I shoald bastinado the limes with a tart satyr* of a 
" magic pen. Indeed I am bot a fresh water soldier XLnder the banners of Phoebus, 
"and therefore cannot as yet »et ()uart-pots or doable joggs in battalia, or malcc a 
*'good shot in sack and claret, or give fire to the pmtolctto tobacco pipc^ charg'd 
" wfth its ladiao powder ; and therefore ha\-ing bat poor sliUl in such service, I were 
" about to tunie Heliconian dr^ooner, but as I were mounting my dapper oaffi 
" Pegasus, bchoM Shrovc-tticfrjay niglit arreiled me, greetlni; me in the name of 
" this honorable convocation, to appeare before Ihelr Inbimal and make answer for 
"my self; which, most wise Scniun, &ball be in tliis wise 



' a parody on the oath and declara- 
tioo reijtiire'l by Xhe University at 
different stages in Hie Academical cam- 
ralum, e.g, (he oath not (□ lecture at 
Stamford ; ice F. Madan's Bnucnose 
CoU^e ui Tht ColUgti of Oxford (Me- 
thtien 1891). p. 354. 

* Wood has adtied a marginal note Id 
the Tanner MS.—' Penniless Bench is a 
■eat juyning to St. Martin's C-huidi apod 
Qoadiiviom where butler women and 



hucksters ate to sit.' 

* the Harl. MS. reads— 'the rest I 
have furgottcn and 1 iinow not how to 
retrcivc it.' 

' ' folminato' in the Harl. MS. ; ' sob* 
Umate" in the Tanner MS., by a slip. 
» 'with 'in the Harl. MS. 

* ' the tart tat)-n ' in the Harl. MS. 

* the Tanocr MS. bu ' pipes,' by ft 
•lip. 



t4P 



WOOlfS UFE ANT> TIMES. 



" T ftui none of thoae May-pole-fr«fatnen ', thai ar« ull cedars tieTore they como 
" to be pIsDted in tbe ■cademiiui garden, who (are) fed with the papp of Arictotlc 
" at tweiit)r or thirtie yeates of age, and tuck at the dugg& of their mother the 
" Univemty tho they be high Colossui** aad yoothi rampant. These are they, who 
" come newly from a ooootry * bsgg-ptidding and a good brown loaf to deal with a 
" pcnny<comraon$, as an elephant with a poor fly, twnblcs it and toues it, and at 
" last giva him a chop. [These* are the Mcitonian counter-ftcnfflera,] that logg af 
" hard for a po»tmailer*s place', aa s dog al mottoa. 

" I am none of the Univertily blood-honnds, that teek for preienncnt, and whoae 
" noses arc a> acute ta their cares, that lye perdue for places, and who, good »aiiitsl 
" do groan till tht Vititafittt * comes, lliesc ate they that esteem a tatrem as bad 
" as purgatory, and wine tnorc superstitious than holy water : and therefore I hope 
" lhl« honorable coovocatioQ will not suffer one of Ihu tribe to Last of the lackf 
" least ihcy slioald be troeblcd with a vertigo and their beads Ionic rcunJ'. 

" I nevci came out o( the country of Lapland^ I am not of the number of betlts 
" ■'—X meane ihoAc grcedic Oogt and kitchin- haunters, who noial tbctr chops WVTf 
" night wttfa ervese and rob the cook of his fees " &c. 

•Thus he went forward -witli smart reflections on the rest of tbe 
freshmen and some of the sen'ants, which might have been here set 
downe, had not the speech been borrowed of him by several of the 
seniors who imbezt-l'd it. After he had concluded his speech, he was 
taken downe b/ Edmund Dickenson, one of the bachelamr-commoncrs 
of the house ; who with other bachelaurs and Uie senior under- 
graduals made him drijik a good di^^h of cawdic, put on hts gowue 
and band, placed him among tlic seniors, and gave him sack. 

•This was ihc way and custome that had been used in the college, 
time out of mind, to initiate the freshmen ; but between that time 
and the restoration of K. Ch. a. it wa£ disused, and now such a thing 
is absolutely forgotten '. 



I 



^ Utcr age at matiicnlatton than the 
ordinary was a suiijcct for saure then 
■s now. 

* 'coimtry* has been omitted from 
the Tanner MS., by a slip. 

' the words in square brackets have 
been omitted from the Ttoiner MS. by 
aUip. 

* * commons ' is wriltcn in the margin 
of the Uarl. MS., u an aUcmatirc for 
' place.' 

* a back-hander at the Puritanical 
party. One ofth^ir cant phrucs was to 
pnty for ' a visitation ' of abundant grace, 
and the like : again, the University was 
at Ibia lime fitl) of Poritaiu from Cam- 
bridge, &c watting in expectancy of 
preferment through the action of the 



Parliamentary ViHtors. See sufm 

IT- '.«. ^l<*- 

' a pun on ' ronnd-heads.* 

' the serviton who lap or lick the 
dishes, when they are uken from table. 
Tbe occurrence of petty thefts of food 
hi indicated by an anecdote in Wood 
MS. E. 31 fol. J5 b— ' " WTiy do yun 
take away my bread? Why do yoo 
take away my victualts?" quoth John 
Powell senior of McrL CoU. when be 
was at dinner in the hall. Replied the 
theif— "becauaelwantlhcm." "What I" 
soith Powell *' do you come to the Uni- 
versity to catch wants? " * 

' William Uuddcsford, editing this 
Life in 1 77>. notes here : — ' The custom 
described above wu not, it is probable. 



1 
I 




FEB.— MARCH, 1048. 



141 



[Feb. 6\ Su., 1647 (i.e. |>, Mrs. Stmadc, wife to Dr. William 
Stroud cannon of Xt. Church, and daughter to Dr. . . , Syrnpson 
canon of tbe same', departed this life and was buried au Bedford- 
shire.] 

March. — [John * Morris, D.D., Canon of Ch. Church and Hebrew 
professor of the Univer.%ity, died, T., 21 of IVfarch i64|- and was 
buried in the Divinity chappel by Dr. (William) Strode. — He married 
Mary, daughter of Walter Darrell or Dayrell (recorder of Abendon, 
bul descended from the Dayrells of Liningsion-Da)TelI in Bucks), sister 
to llic wife of Charles HoUoway (serjeanl of law) ; but had no issue by 
her. She afterwards married Thomas Kcjt of Great WoUbrd in 
Warwickshire, gent. She died without issue . . . Aug. 1681 and was 
buried in the church of Great Woiford in Warwickshire.] 



An. Dom. 1648 : 24 Car. I : (Wood aot. 19.) 

"The Visitors appointed by Parliament having sate several times in 
the lodgings of Sir Nathaniel Brent, warden of Merlon coll., in the 
last ycare, but to little purpose, they proceeded this yeare with very great 
rigour, to the ruin of the Universitie. The members of e\*ery college were 
all summoned to appeare on a certainc d.iy, and somtimes two or 3 
colleges or more appeared in one day, and if they did not give in a 
positive answer whether they would submit to them and Uicir visitation 
as appointed by pariiament, they were forthwith ejected. 

(Wood h« given a minute ntmitive of the ptocccdinRS of (he ParlitmenlMy 

ViMtnn in Gutchs Wood's IlUt. Univ. Oxon. ii, 501 xjq, which it is unuccetsaiy 

tito repeat hcFc. The astboritics which he followed may, however, be entunenited : — 



peculiat to McrtoD coUege. Perhaps it 

was once general, as striking ttaccs of 

[tt may be found in rauiy societies in 

llift place, and in some a very near re- 

Emblance of it hai been kept up till 

'irithin these few year*.' Occasion may 

be taken here to condemn in the strongest 

terms this empty-headed type of note 

twbicb it oommon in Tln<l4lc:&roid. Ilad 

[ihe writer hod the sense to write down 

[an aocoonl of the ' stritcing traces ' and 

''tte ' near resctnbluicc ' with a list of the 

CoUegea in which they were fotind, his 

note woold now have been both ralnable 

inteiesting for Oxford hittory. 

Imidc (see Bliss' Rtliquiat iftamiatiae 



III. 76) n)ciitioa& Brosenosc ruid Rnlliol 
as having customs of this kind. 

' note in Wood MS. F. 31 fol. 68. 
Tbe slips there probably represent on 
older note-book of Wood's. 

' ralhcr, cuion of Caatcrboiy, sec 
p. ti6. 

» note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 83. Wood 
gives in colours these arms :—' sable a 
saltire argent, on aa escutcheon of pre- 
tence a cross patt^ [Morris] ; impaling, 
argent on three l>ars sable sis cirKiucfoils 
of the field three two and one, n mullet 
sable in chief [Darrell] ; crest, two 
hands proper holding np a cross patt^e 
arge&L' 



Ua 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES, 



(0 The Regifler of the Vimlois, in ibc Bodleum Libnuy, O.C. 3736, nunc ' MS. 
eMn. 77': edited for the Cunden Society by ProfcsMr Bttrrovt ia 1881. la Wood 
MS. E. 4 Wood fivet this Kcconot of it:— * It begins 30 Sept. 1647 and endi 8 April 
165!* ; written by Willinm Xcwhi>iiae and Tlalf Austen (author of the book inti- 
tuled <'A ttntiK of Fniit-tieei' Oxford, 1657, second edition), died {1676)), 
regislen' Huxestinly to the nid Viuton, It contuos Dot only the acts of the 
Visiton tppointed 1647, bat of those <lhoQgh ttcndcrly) uno i6$i tod anno |6$4> 
It b kept in Dr. <Rabeit) Say's huds *.' 

(tij Original docamaiU*, letters, trtc, connected with the Porliamentsfy Visita- 
tion, given to Wood by arehbuhop Gilbert Sheldon, and biihop Thomas fiariow, 
DOW in Wood MS. F. 35 O.C. 8497. 

<iii] ' History of the Visiutiao of the Unirertity of Oioo by the VlsitorB of the 
lyoeg PartianHmt,' by John Xcwton, one of the scninr fellows of Bras., n lew pp. of 
MS., now in Wood MS. F. jf , foL 178. 

(it) N'ewBpapen of the day : c.g. an extract from the ' Moderate Intelligencer ' is 
fotind ta Wood 514 (no. 45) dcscribiog lord Pembroke's entrance into Oxford oa 
M, 17 Apr. 1648. 

fv) Narrative of proceedings of the Vidton (I June 1647 to 7 Apr. 1648), a few 
printed leaves, fonnd in Wood 514 (no. 46). Wond ha^ this note about it : — 
' Note that the " Narrative " following bcii^ privately in the press at Oxon was 
stop'd from going any farther by the Visitors' command. With much ailoe I got 
thne two sheets following of the said Narrative. I could never see any other 
printed copie of it or any of the MS. cojiie that folKiwed. This that I got I can- 
not now tell from whence I bad it, unless from Dr. (Gerard) Langbaine's papers 
(qoaere).' 

(▼i) In his oarrative of their proceedings (Gntch's Wood's Hist. Univ. OxoOm «/ 
SMprd) Wood has given lists' of the persons expelled by the Visitors. In Wood 
MS. F. 35 is Wood's MS. * List of members expelled ' ; in WooiJ 5 1 4 (54) is fonnd 
'OxoniaeLachrjmae,' a printed list of expelled mcmbeis, published at Londoa 
1649, with some MS. notes by Wood. 

(rii) Various printed Orders rctitlons, etc., issued by, aiid for or against, the 
Visitors are foaud in the Wood Collection, e.g. : — 

Woo<l 514 (37) ; ' The Ordinance [i May 16^7) of the Lords and Commons 
tiseroblcd in Parliament for the Visitatioa and Kefoimalion of the Uriveraitic of 
Oxford/ Load. 1647 ; another copy in Wood 6ia ('5a) ; Wood 433 (24). 



' Le. rei^stran. Wood here notes: — 
' R. Austen was sot chose raster till 
ifijOi bat he was deputy before (that 
date). When Rolf Auilen was absent, 
Elishs Cole, steward of Magd, Coll., 
npplied ; and some of his hand-writing 
it theiin p. 355. 356 '—sec EnrrowB, 

I- c, p. 337- 

* Wood afterwards amended this 
slalement by adding 'now in Bibl. 
Bodl.* The bo<Iy of Wood's note was 
written In 1674. Rohcrt Say was vice- 
chancellor in 1664, Provoit of Oriel 
1653^1691. This seem* to dispose of 
Prof. Uurrowi' conjecture (I.e., p. viii) 



Chat the register remained lo Atntcn's 
poMesiion and came to the library at 
his death. 

' MS. Tanner 338 contains a number 
of papers relating lo the Patliamcntaiy 
Visits tion. 

* At the end of Heame's ' Liber 
Niger Scaccarii ' Heame prinli a memo- 
randnm by Wood :— ' Rememljcr toaske 
Mr. (Ralph) Austen for a catalogue of 
the Bcholnn that were turned ont at the 
Visitation.' .Some notes l>y Wood 
about the Visitation are found in Wood 
MS. F. 31 fol. J54. 



MARCH, 1648. 



H3 



Wood 514 (18); Fro^tmnma' (15 May i647)aLUiBg the EDembcrs of ihe Uni- 
wnity to Bppor at the SchotiU before the Visiton. : — it bus n MS. note by some 
Head of ai Hoosc 'rcccii-cd May 34 (1647) after diruer: pabliaheU at oigbt to the 
company.' 

Wood 514 (30) ; ' PetilioQ of the well-iifrected lo the Vuitors against Dr. 
Samuel Fell,' 1 Jtme 1647. Another copy is Wood 415 (33). 

Wood 514 (36J ; ' The swonic confederacy between the Coovocation of Oxford 
and the Tuwer of London,' Lood. $ Jtme 1647 (with some MS. notes), aa attack 
on the University. 

Wood 514(33) ; 'The pririlcRCs* of the Umversit)- of Oxford in point of Visita- 
tion.' 1647 . ascribed by Wixi"! to Richard AUcslrie. Wood had at first written 
' written as 'tia supposed by Mr. John Fell, (tudcot of Cbttit Church and Richard 
Allmrie, of the same, Btmlenl : ttcil (jnnere.' 

Wood J14 (jyj ; Order of the Viiiton 13 Apr. 1647, with an order by Fair^ 
(31 March 1648) lu Ucul. cull. Kclsey to send ticrapa to Oxford to support the 
Viaitora. 

Wood 514* (37) ; Order* by the lofdt and comtnons '. . . to bnrson to keep 
mu,* 31 Apr. 1648. 

Wood 514* (39): 'An Order of the Commons assembled in ParliamcDl enabling 
the Visitors of Oxford to displace fellows, ai Apr. 1648,' printed 34 Apr. ; another 
copy is Wood 376 A. no. 135. 

Wood 514 (40); 'The case of the UoivcTsity of Oxford, in a letter sent from 
theoee to Mr. ^John) Selden, 1648'; another copy is la Wood £14 (4) ; anotbei 
Wood 631 (I). 

(viii] The pamphlets, published in 1647 and 1648, criticising or tatiriziog the 
Visitors, several of which are described in Gotcb's Wood's Hist. Uoiv, Oxon. iL 
£79, are found to the same volume', Wood 5r4. 

(a} Wood 514 (3]) ; 'Lcnci from a scholar in Oxford to bis friend in the 
countrey, 15 Juae 1647/ 1S47. 

(b) Wood 514 ^41); ' Merctirios Acadcniii,-u»,' Numb. I, S., Ig Apr. 1648 : — 
in which Wood notes :— ' I could never leara that any other nombers of this 
" Mercarias Academicus " were afterwani* published.' 

(c) Wood 514 (4a) ; '^Lord have mercy upon ni, or ths Visitatioa at Oxford,' 
1648. 

(d) Wood 514 (43) ; ' Halifax law tran»Iated to Oxon', 1648. 

(ej Wood 514 (44] ; Jobn litrkeahead's ' Nencs fiom Fetabroke and Mont- 
gomery ,' 164)$. 

(0 Wood 514 {47); Thomas Wynryard's 'Midniramer Moone.' 1648. 

(g) Wood 514 (48) ; < An Owie at Athens,^ 1648. Mr. Madan tells me that a 
MS. note in another copy in the Bodleian ascribes this to I'homaa W'inyard. 

(h) Wood 514 (49) ; Thotnai Barlow's * Pegasna or the Flying horse from Ox- 
ford' (1648]. 

(i) Wood 514 (50] ; 'The third and fourth part of Pegasus,' in which Wood 
notes ' Thomas Pierce of Magtl. Coll. the author* 



' it has the autographs of these Visi- 
tors! — Christoph. Kogcra, E. Corbel, 
Henr. Wilkinson, F. Chcyncll, Na. 
Brent, Gol. i'rjTine, J. Packer. Wro. 
Tipping, Johannes Hcylin, Ga. Bcckc. 

' Wood 514 (34)i5 William Prynne's 
answer, Lood. 1647, 'The University of 



Oxford's plea rrfbted.' 

* Wood 514 (38) combines the two 
orders in nos. 37, 39. 

* at tlte beginning of h Wood notei 
that he paid for its ' binding, (td, Feb. 8, 
i689'<i.e.«>- 



144 



WOOlfS UF£ ASD TIMES. 



G) Wood fir4 (5i)i * Tt*ci-a>w>cAa OinMiMii.' ii «U(A* Wood notes :— 
*b7 AduB UnietoB^ tfsdac (rf CL Ch.: Dr. <TW»v} Bvtov uitb it wu 
wxittoi by John Csnidc of ike me Wbil.* 

(k) Wood $14 (53> : John AnOaad's -Rstfiea Acwiane Oxoaieii^ . . . d«- 
leriptio'; itiii 1 \\\\\ ' liii ■■ h Iim I m<iu Tij Wrwid. lint llr anlr ' Fnr mj h nrntin i\ 
ftiCDd Uc. Aathooy Weode ftoa ka afaedt scnMC, Jo. ABbnE7.'> 

Kbj.— {X Mr' ume'f WiikUW, God bkv tW part. 
If / CBbout te Udc ^^ kMv b": 

qnotb Rob«n \V'hiteban of Ch. Ch. to tbe Visiuirs anno 1648. The 
said WhicebaD was turned oat of his plioe; but, Bt cnng7ng to the 
COTnmiUcc at London, became soone after feDow of Menon Coll. where, 
foUowiDg the trade of drinlung as be was wont, procured to himself a 
red face. WTiereupon John Powell, senior, of ^ferton Co!L used 
often to tell him, especiallj when he plard opon him with his wil, 
that he was " loyncd with sack and faced with clarei."] 

"May 12. — Friday (May ti) the members of Mcnon College ap- 
pear'd, and when A. W. was called in (for the members were caHed in 
one by one) he was ask'd this question by one of the Visitors: * Will 
you submit to tbe autfaonty of parliament in this visitation ? ' To 
which he gave ihis answer, and wrot it dowoe on a paper lying on 
the table, as he was directed: * I do not understand the business, and 
therefore I am not able 10 gix-e a direct answer.' 

•Afterwards his mother and brother Edward, who adnsed him to 
submit in plaine termes, were exceeding angry with him, and told him 
that he liad ruined himself, and must therefore go a begging. At 
length, by the intercession of his mother made to Sir Nathaniel Brent 
(who usually cal'd her his lilUe daughter, for he knew her, and us'd 
to set her on his knee, when shee was a girle and a sojoumour in 
her husband's house during the time of his first wife) he was 
conniv'd at and kept in his place, otherwise he had infallibly gon 
to the pot. 



' uiothpr copy of Ihis 'Tragi-co- 
moedia Oxonicosis' ii Wood 615 (Ji) ; 
in it is a note bjr ■ former owner (not 
bj Wood] ' thi» was wrin, u 1 take it, 
bj one . . . Crmdock, a yoong ftndent of 
Ch. Ch.' 

* another copy, with similar marginal 
nolet by Wood, la Wood 413 (1$) ; it 
haa tlii« note :—' These verses were 
made by Dr. Joha AUibond tometimcs 
fellow of Magd. Coll. and rector of 
IbadwcU com. Oloc who died 1659.' 



Tbe marginal no(e« are probably copied 
by Wood from an aimotated copy by 
one cif his elder contemponmcs, e. g. 
from that now foocd in Wood 376 A 
no. 510. 

' note in Wood M.S. E. 3a p. J5. 
The answer is ' ben troralu," but il 
genu7ncnesa is dispntnble. Whitehall*! 
veritable answer .W., to May 1648) tol 
the Vi>iton is given in Uonowa' Kepstcr] 
of the Vtiiton, p. 68. 



ATA y— AUG. 1648. 



145 



[WTdliam Percy ', esq., son ' to the eari of Northumberland, died 
an aged bachelaur in Pennyrarthing street, after he hnd lived a melan* 
choly and retired life many yeares. He w-as buried in the cathedrall 
of Ch. Church neare to the grave of Sir Henry Gage, Su., 38 May 
1648.] 

Juae. — [Samuel RadclifTc', D.D., and princiifflJI of Brasnose Coll., 
died, M., 26 June 1648 and was buried in the middle of St. Marie's 
chancell, sine prole : a great benefactor to his coUcg'e — sec what I 
have said of him in * Hist, ct Antiq. Univers. Oxen.,' lib. 1 p. 39a, 
395. 396. 404. etc., lib. 2 p. 215 col. 2, 225 col. 2.f 

[Steeple-Aston *. A free-schoole here built by Dr. Samuel Ralclifle, 
sometimes princtpall of Brascnosc, who endowed it with 20/1'. per 
annum for a master to be chosen from Brasenose : it is now fallen to 
17//. lOJ. per annum. — Brasnose College built an hospital! here for two 
Ti-omen a little after the king's rcstauration, each woman to have aoj. 
per quarter to be paid by Brasenose. It goes under the name of 
'RalclifTs hoapitall'; but he playing the knave with the college, the 
college at length was forced to build it.] 

AuguBt. — *.\ug.; his eldest brotber Thomas Wood, who had 
served in the c|uality of a lievtenant of horse for his majestic during 
the warr, did, after the warr was U-rminated, relume to his coll. of Ch, 
Ch. and there receiv'd the profits of bis place ; but about the 
beginning of Aug. this yeare, he very abruptly left the uniwrsitie, went 
into Ireland, and finding out his scliool-fcUow colonel Henry 
Ingoldcsby, became an officer in his regiment, to 6ght against the 



' note In Wood MS. F. 4 p. 83. 
Wood giws in colour thne »rni»: — 
'or s lion rarapuil azare ottdccI kiuI 
Ungued golci ; a crcKCDt Mt>le for dif- 
ference.' 

* tbin) (oa of Heoty Percy, eighth 
fA. 

» note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 83. 
Wood giro in colonn th«fe armi : — 
th« una of BrnKooK Collcf^, viz., 
'parted per pale, first, ai|^ot a cbcvroo 
azure bciwecn ^ r<He« gules uc<led or 
[^Wtllinm) Smyth, bithup of Lyncoln], 
second, gules two lions passant gnardftnt 
or, on I chkfBxore the Virgin icatcd and 
crowned bearing the Holy Child and a 
K«ptre of the aecond {kc of Lyvcoln], 
third, qaaii«Tly, in the first and fDnnli 
argent a chevron between j hugie horns 
sable, in the second and third, argent a 



chevron between 3 croMei croalet «able 
[{Richard) Sutton, second fuundrr] ; 
initialing, argent a l>cnd engrsilcd sable, 
a mullet MblcfordiGrL-rencc [Kadctiflc].* 
In Wood M.S. !■: 31 fol. 13 Wood notes 
a slip of his which aitnctcd nouce at 
the time: — '"A proud man will bBy 
& dj{f>cr" (said) Dr. {Samuel) Kad- 
cliH priDcipall of Brasnose, '(meaning) 
" dye a becgar ").' Ibid. fol. 16 Wood 
notes a siinilar slip of Dr. Ralph 
Kcticll's— ' " Rlc«w likewise nil our 
factors and benefactors — Mistake me 
not. good Lord. I mcanc all our 
foondcrs and bcncfactois." so Dr. 
Kettle president of Trinity Coll. in hli 
prayer before scrmoit at St. Marie'i 
Ox on.* 
* notes in Wood &IS. E i foL 1 13 b. 



M« 



WOOl^S LIFE AND TIMES. 



rebells there. The reason of his sudden departure was this : viz. that 
he being one of the prime plotters of the remaining caraliers in Oxon 
10 seize on the garrison, Visitors, and all the armes they could find, to 
the end thai tlicy might joync themselves to otlicrs that had plotted in 
the same manner in other parliament garrisons, to relieve the distressed 
cavaliers that were besieg'd in Colchester, tlie plot was discovered by 
one or more of them when they were in their cops ; which made 
cverj- one shift for themselves as well as they could. But some being 
taken, one of them named Edward Adams, a barber, was upon the 
point of being bang'd, having mounted the ladder in order thereunto, 
on llic signc post of the Catherine Wheel in Magdalen parish (in 
which inn they had layd the foundation of their plot). Mr. Francis 
Croft \ whomc A, W. found to be one of the chaplaj-nes of Merton 
Coll. at his first coming thereunto, was deeply engaged in the said 
plot. He was a htgb-flo(w)ne cavalier and a boon companion, and 
was the man that gave to every person that was conccm'd in the plot 
the oath of sccrcc)': which being done, they were to write tlicire 
names in his little paper-book which he usually carried in his pocket; 
but if they could not write, they were to set their mark, and he to add 
their names to it. At the first discovery of the plot Mr. Croft fled", 
and some of the parliament soldiers of die garrison supposing that he 
might be in his chamber, which joyned to that chamber which was 
afterwards the common room belonging to Merton coll., they broke 
open his dore, searched, but found the bird flown. This being done 
early In the morning, his dore stood open most of the day following, 
and A. W. with some of the juniors going into it, saw it all adom'd 
with escocheons, which he (Mr. Croft) had got by burying several 
persons of quality in Merton Coll. Church and clswherc during the 
abode of tlie Kuig's and Queen's Courts in Oxon ; but these, hia 
books, and bedding were not then touched. 

[1648', Aug. 10, Th^ Richard Jeanes, son of Nathaniel Jcanes* 



* Fnnds Croft, M.A. Orkl 18 Jooe 
1640. 

« 'sknlkdMnthcHwl. MS. 

* n<Ab ill MS. KawL D 403 * p. 7. 

* Wood MS. D. K> b bis notes on 
"Da^aXe'iBaivnagiitm; Uwyharcbc«i 
pcnued by Dngdalc and hare scvcml 
notes in his handwriting (mostly \a T«d 
ink). Wood 418 if Vol. I of William 
Dagdale'ft ' The Bafoa&gc of EogUnd * 
Load. 1675, with notes by Wood. In 
both places be tcfen to a tnck-stun 



connection of the Jeina bmily with 
the nuhilily. 'Emonttel Scioopc, lord 
ScToo^ic of Bolton, had a servant in bis 
bmily named Mutb* Jcaocs, daughter 
of . , , Jconcs, & poore taylor liTing nt 
Tnrfeild Heath in the pArish of Turfcild 
in Budci near Wullngton in Oxford^ire 
and btotbet' ^'brother' is undcrluiedf 
pcthsps as in error) ' to Nathouiel 
Jcascs of Mert. Coll. Oxon. and I>aniel 
Jeaocs bntler of S. Alban's Hall there : 
by which serrant he had a son John 



AUG. ^ NOV. 1048. 



U7 



buUer of Men. Coll. and Elizabeth his wife was borne in the corner 
chamber under ftren. Coll. library ; and baptized in this parish.] 

Bovember. — 'Nov. 6, M., Kdward Wood before mcnliond, bach, 
of Ans and scholar of Trin. Coll. (who before had submitted to the 
Visitors), was with others admitted probalioncr-fclbw of Mcrton Coll. 
—They were severely cxamin'd, and in due course elected and 
admitted: which was done by the favour of the warden Sir N(alhaniel) 
Brent the arch- Visitor : [yet ' all that were then admitted submitted to 
ihe Visitors.] Some admissions [of fellows] tliat followed were done 
by the sole andiorit>' of the Committee and Visitors. Soon after, 
E(dward) Wood bciiiR sellcd in ihc bay-tree chamber in the first 
quadrangle nest to the gale of Merlon Coll., A. Wwjd was put into 
the cockloft' over him. So, then and after*, his trudging to Trin. 
CoU. to receive his instruction was saved. 

(^Parties* in ike University 1648-1660.) 

[The generahty therfore of the University were divided into two 
panics, Presbyterians and Independents ; and each had their leading 
members to direct, instruct, perswade, etc. 

The former (the Pre8b)-terians) had (Edward) Reynolds, deane of 
Ch. Church for a time, and (Francis) Cheynell, president of St. 
John's for a time ; (Edmund) Stanton, president of C. C. C. ; 
(Danie!) Greenwood, principall of Brasenose; (Robert) Harrys, 
president of Trinity; (Jolm) Conant, rector of Exeter; (Henry) 
Langlcy, master of Pembroke ; (Ralph) Button, (Henry) Cornish, 
and Henry Wilkinson (senior), canons of Ch. Church ; (John) Mills, 
(canon) of Ch. Ch. for a time ; Henry Wilkinson (junior), (principal) 



fomtimes gentlemim •commoner of 
Trin. ColT. Omir, (who died sooa niler 
be bwl left Oxon, before he was of age). 
He bad alto tliree daughters by her, 
▼ix. one tuined Eliutictli who wu 
married to Thmnafl (Savage, third) 
earl Rivets; nootber iinmeil Mary first 
married to Henry (! Carey) son of 
(Htnry Carey, Mcond) eail of Moo- 
month, secondly to Charles (Paolet) 
marquess ofWynchcsIer; aaothernamed 
Annabella married lo Jobs Gmbbam 
How of Glonccsteishlre, (bro)ther to 
(Sir) ScToope, barl.' 

' the word* to square bfackcts are 
fodod only in the Hart. Mb. The di»- 



tinction drawn seems to be this : in Uie 
earlier admissiuBi of feUows the College 
retained the semblance of sotonomy, 
making its own election (though its 
choice was limited to those who had 
submitted to the Visitors); but in the 
later admissions, the College had pu- 
sively to accept the nominees of the 
C-omraittee in Looilon or the Vtsilors la 
Oiford. 

« ' cocklcloft ■ in ibc Harl. MS. 

' 'So, by that means, his,' in the 
Uari.MS. 

• nol« in Wood MS. F. 31 (61. 9; 
with some additions from another draft 
of the same, ibid., ful, 6 b. 



L 3 



148 



IVOOiyS LIFE AND TIMES, 



of Magd. H. ; ^Joshua) Cross, (fellow of MagdaJcn) ; besides others 
of inferior note. 

The Independents ihey had (John) Owen, deane of Ch. Church ; 
(Thomas) GoodwjTi. president of Magd. Coll. ; (Jonathan) Goddard, 
warden of Merlon; John Palmer, warden of Allsoules; (Thankful) 
Owen, president of S. Jolin's ; (Francis) Johnson, masrer of 
University Coll.; (John) Wilkins, warden of Wadham ; (Peter) 
French and (Ambrose) Upton, canons of Ch. Ch. ; (Francis) 
Howell, of Exeter, afterwards principall of Jesus ; (James) Baron, 
(fellow) of Magd.; (Samuel) Basnett, (fellow) of Allsouls ; besides 
others of inferior note. 

Which two parties ' dad in some respects make a faction in the 
University ; and when occasion served they would both joyne against 
the Royallists, whom ihey stilcd ' the common enimy.' 

The fonner of iliese (I.e. the Presbyterians), with Uicir disciples, 
seemed to be veiy severe in their course of life, manners or conver- 
sation, and habit or aj)parcn ; of a Scoth ' habit, but especially those 
that were preachers. The other (ihc Independents) more free, gay, 
and (with a reserve) frolllcksome * ; of a gay habit, whether preachers 
or not. But both, void of publick and generous spirits. 

The former, for the most part, preached nothing but damnation : 
the other not, but rather for libertie. Yet both joyne togcatber to 
pluck downc and silence the prclaticall preachers, or at least expose 
their way to scomc.] 



(164;: Woodaet. 17.) 

January. — [The* a6 Jan., F., the Umversitie Delegates ordered 

that tlie statutes concerning * vcb'Utus et liabitus scholasiici ' according 
to factUties and degrees (ut in libro Statutorum lit. 14) should, being 
now much neglected, be revived and pur in use. Also llicy ordered 
that reverence of juniors towards seniors be put in execution (ut 
tit XV etc) — not then confirmed by Convocation. — The reader must 
know that the new commers from Cambridge and other parts In 
the beginning of this yeare ' observed nothing according to statutes. 



' in the other diaft: 'These (two 
parties) did for the most joit divide 
the Uainnitie; wberby bction was 
foitered.' 

' ihL. oocjdoaal spelling fur ' Scots * 
or ' Scutvb * svg{csls thai Wood had a 



Ibp. 

' in the other draft :— ' rather gay, 
free, aod ioofTcnaiTcly froUicksome.* 

* notes in MS. UodL 594 p. i. 

"i.e. the year reckoned from aj 
Mareh 1648. 



yANUARY, 1649, 



149 



Undergraduates and BaccheUurs of Arts wore the sleeves of wide- 
slecv gowDS as wide as those of surplices, a fashion brought into ihe 
Univereitic by the Cantabrigians. This fashion did not onlic con- 
tinue till the king's restauration, but for some ycares after, viz. till 
1666 at what time Dr. John Fell l>ecame vice-chancellor. 

Square or round caps also were not worcn in publick, neither was 
it forced upon any one to bring caps and hoods to Congregation and 
Convocation. But when the Independents by degrees crept into the 
Unlversitie, who made such formalities ridiculous, tlien would the 
leading men of ihc Fresbtterian faction use them in Congregation 
and Convocation but never in divine service. Some would use them 
in their respective colleges — viz- square and round caps — hut never 
appeare in them abroad. 

Gentlemen-commoners would we(a)re their gownes oftentimes 
faced with velvet, and commoners many times wc(a)re the gownes 
of gcnL-commoners. And none, whether Prcsb>'tt:rians or Inde- 
pendents, went in cassocks, or canonicall gownes or coates, or 
circingles, because ihey smek too much of the prelaticall cut. 

The new commers also (who mostly were very mcane and poore 
at their first comming) having gotten into good fellowships, became 
wondrous malepert and saucy, especially to the old stock remayning. 
They went in lialf shirts, appearing at their brest and out at sleeves, 
great bands with tasscll band-strings, and Spanish leather boots with' 
lawnc or holland tops.] 

[Jan.' 26, F., the said Delegates ordered that exercise be performed 
in ihe Schooles according to duty and ordtr in the Lent following, 
viz. — 

t, Itijit all sach BacheUnra that oune ^m Cambridge uid were cntrtd into 1107 
college nr hall aind have not complcatly performed all exercises for Bachelannhlp 
etc. sbtUl dctcmiintf in tlic Schooles. 

a, thai all rtndiclaars of this University who have xkK dctcnnincd the last yeuc 
do drtcTtninc this Lent. 

3, that all delrnngniiig Ttachclanrs (thoagfa there will l>e no Latin scrnion on 
Alb-Wednesday) <lo meet at Si. Marie's aC 1 3 of the clock on that day and be coo- 
ducted to the Schooles bf the bedells. 

4, that all leflections in the Schooles 00 that day and all resomug to the tavern 
tiy proceeders be forborne allogenlbrr. 

f , that all determining bachclanrs are to meet ia the Natural Philosophy School 
OD the Saturday after Ash-Wednesday where the senior Collector is to malw a 
^>eech, etc. 

6, that all detennining Bachelaun meet there at 9 of the clock on that Satniday 
towtfds the latter cad of Lent called Abwtation Saturday, a&d there the oamei of 



' notes in MS. Bodl. $94 p. a. 



>5o 



WOOD*S LIFE AND TIMES. 



/. 



\ 



IboM that hftve (lelermlDcd are to be called, and those that have doI deteniilaed 
ue to be jiiotiounccd Non-Barealaurei-I 

February.— [Til., Feb.* i, 1648 (i.e. 5>. Dr. (Samuel) Fell, 
D.D. and dcane of Xl. Church Oxon, departed this life at Sunningvrell 
com. Berks, and was there buried. He bore to his amies — 'or, on 
2 barres sable 3 crosses paid fiichd of the first; impaling, argent, 
on a cheif sable 3 maitleits of the first.'] 

[Feb.' 5, M., the University Ddcj^atcs ordered iJiat a malrlculaiion- 
booke be provided wherin all that come to the Univcrsitic should 
have their names enlred.-TThere was one provided and all weirc 
matriculated by Bernard Hore, superior bedell of \jxvt. After whose 
death it came into the hands of Samuel Clarke his successour, but 
wlien be died it could never be found'. His widdow is supposed 
to have made wast paper of it.] 

[26 Keb. *, M.. Convocation: it was then shewed to the mcmbera 
that the citizens of Oxen did endeavour to infring the liberties and 
customes of the University, ' rati conalibus suis opporumtun tempos 
sc nactos fiussc' 



The originall of this controversk was thus :— \Vhea Thomas Weeks entrcd Into 
the office of mnyor at Micbacltnas anno 1648, Ihe Ticcchanccllor sent two of the 
bi-dclis to wuiie bim and 63 citizens to come to Sl Marie's aii<l there occonilnfr to 
cnstonic and ordci t^lte their oath» of fidelity to the Univcrsitic ; whentpon Ihcy 
dcnic it. Alto in the twginniug of Fctit. thl« ]-eare tlie SAid vicc-chaocL-Uor KQt to 
the said nmyor and citixcns to acc^oaint thcni that they come to St Marie's on Sl 
Schotoslkac:! day (10 Feb.) and there according to anlicnt cnstoinc hcarc prayers 
and offer their pence ; bat ihcy dcnic this aUo and threaten to put up a petittoo to the 
pailiament to shew them thdr gic^ia&cei and to accuse the UDiveisitie of snperetittoa. 

These tliinj^s being done, they send first their greviances to the 
vicc-chanccllur which were- re(a)d tn Convocation 26 Feb., wher- 
upon delegates'^ were ordered to inspect and answer ihcm. — There 
is a diary under G(crard) L(angbaine) his hand in Turri Scholantm 
of all these proceedings. The citizens were more eager to prosecute 
this controversi, because they thought chat all the old stock being 
ejected none were left to manage the conflict with them.] 

Uaroh. — [Alice' daughter of Sir John Peyton the yongCT* of 



' note in Wood MS. F. ji fol. 68. 

* note ic MS. Dodl. ■194 p. 3. 

' Wood infra under the year 16S6 
j[{ve> Che Matory of his discovery of it 
It is now in tbe Archives (marked 
* Lit>cT Matricalac W./ from 164! to 
1661). 

* ootei in MS. Bodl. 594 p^ 5. See 



Gutch's Wood's Hist. Univ, O10n.ii.631. 

* in Reg. Coavoc.T.pp.35,36 is the 
' RespoDSHm gramninibuaoppidanortun 
per delegatos ' read in CoDTOCatloo on 
Th., 8 Mardi. 

• note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 84. 
Wood gim lhc»e arms b coloan t— 
' golcs a fca ennine between two wolvea 



yAJV. — MARCH, 1649. 



151 



Doddington in the isle of Ely, wife of Edward Lowe of Salisbury, 
roaster of the choristers and organist of Ch. Church, died in childbed 
of her 7 son, S., the 17 March 1648 ^i.c. J) act. 42 ; and was buried 
in the upper end of the Divinity Ch.ippell on the north side of the 
choire of Ch. Church cathedrall. — Etiward Lowe bcforc-menlioncd 
died, Su., si July 1682; buried by Alice bis wife bcforcmentioncd 
which was his first wifc.J 



An. Dom. 1640 : 1 Cor. II : (Wood aet. 17.) 

•A. Wood's mother (Mary Wood) being much out of purse in 
reedyfying the stables and out-houses of the Flowr de Luce, and in 
repairing the inn it self, she gave off house-keeping ; and taking 
her son Christopher and a maid witli her, went to Cassinglon nearc 
Woodslok, and sojourned in a fair stone-house then inhabited by 
one . . . Tipping lately seqnestred from the vicaridg of Shabhington 
Jn Bucks, ncare to Thame, who had married an Oxford gentlewoman 
the daughter of one Williatn Dewey who had been acquainted with 
Mri» Wood from her childhood. In the same house did then sojourn 
Mr. John Lucas' lately senior fellow of New College, and Mr. Riclard 
Sherlock lately chaplain of the said college, but now (1649) curat of 
Cassington. A. Wood did often retire thither to see his mother, and 
somtimes lodge there for a nighi or two. Mr. Sherlock was civil 
to him, and would give him good instruction and talk fatherly to him. 
Mr. John Goad' was llicn vicar of Yarnton, a mile distant from 
Cassington ; (to whom Christopher Wood went dayly to school) and 
being a suffering cavalier, did go of^n to the said Mr. Tipping'a 
house to visit his brolher- sufferers- This person A. W, did often 
see there and received instruction from him in many particulars 
and found him an exceeding loving and tender man. 

*A. \V. (\ii\ not then in the leiist think to write the lives of the said Kicbnnl 
Sherlock acd ihc sai<l John Goul, an aftervrftrds be did, or to live lo see Ibcm wcU 
promoterl and become erotacnt aotlion. hvX so it was, that length of linic and 
snfferio^ made tbcm forget ftuch a Uttl« thing as A. W. was, and in&cb adoc he 
bad to make lit. Sherlock know and undcrstaiKl bim, when, ao ycares a^cr this 
time, he scot to hiu letters to W'mwick io Lancashire (one of tbc fattest parsotuges 



panant argent (Lowe) ; impaling, table 
a aoM en|:Tatlct] or, in the first qnarter 
a mullet argent (Peyton).' 

> John Lucai, of S. Giles parish Ox- 
ford, sent., dietl in iGflr, |ic<]uratliiag 
to New College ' lo/i. to be Inydc out 
in plate for the Masten' tabic.' 



* John Goad, Eellow of S. Joba'a, 
B.D. 1 Nov. 1647.-^000 439(44) i» 
' An elegy on the d«alh of John Goad, 
38 Nov. 1689,' by Joshua Barnes, 1-ond. 
16S9. Wood 439 (47) is an cl^y 'on 
the ileAlh of Dr. John Goad' by J. 
\V[tight]. of the Middle Temple. 



153 



WOOD'S UFE AND TTMES. 



IB EngUnd) to let him hjxn ui ucount of bimself, to be pnt ia Hist et Astiq. 
UaiwruL Oxon*. At which lime finJiiig him shie in answermg his Utters, he 
forced at length, when be uw vrhere the finlt Uj, to tell him that he vras tlie 
of that * Uttl« woman' 'M'l*. Wowll that aomUmci sojount'd with him in the i 
hoBK at Catstnglon, wherin he also had tojoum'd; aod then be was free vilfc.^ 
A. W. iDcl answer'd htii letters. 

*In like mannce also when A, W. was coDpUtia^. 50 jctucs after this time, ' 
AtbcctE ct Fasti Oxon, he sent to Mr. Goad at Merchant Taylon school In Locdc 
for some account of bimself and wrilingt, and found him very shic ; bat giving him - 
the like answer that he gave to Dr. Sherlodc, he was very free aflerwards ia bis 
conitnuiiicatioiis, and received from him fal'tatitfactioniCKiircwinghimietf.as Sber- 
lode before di<1, verie joyfull, and congraluUted thcmKlvci that tbcy should live to 
■ec such a little junior that they had knuwne him to be, to become an aatbor and ■ 
pnblisher of several folios for tbe good ojid benefit of tbc commoawealtb of learning. 

•Mr. Anthony Hodges' rector of Wytham in Berks (a mile distant 
from Cassingion), would orien corac among llicse royallists at Mr. 
Tipping's house and there make them tacvry. He was a very good 
scholar, and fit in many respects to oblige poslerity by his pen ; 
but delighting himself in mirth, and in that which was aner^rard* 
called buffooning and bantering, could never be brought to set pen 
to paper for that purpose. He was the mirth of the company, and 
ihey csteem'd him their Trrra filius. 

▲priL — [Apr.** 6, F., the mayor and aldermen put up a pclitioo 
to the house of Commons. I have it printed'.] 



' Wood notes in the margb 'lib. J 
p. 350 b : see alio in Ath. et Fasti 
Oxon vol. 3 p. 533.* In MS. Rawl. D. 
elim 1 390 is a note (of date 1693) which 
says :— 'Mr. Umb. tells me that Dx. R. 
Sherlod( was roach for confrssluns and 
some there were of quality that would 
come scvcrall times in a ycarc to confess 
to him and women of quahty every yearc 
came to him.' Edward Umbcrston 
was Obadiah Walker's F^manist chap- 
lain. 

* Wood notes in the margin ' sec to 
Ath. ct Futi Oxon. vol. i p. 637.' 

■ Wood notes in the majgin— ' sec in 
the first vol. of Ach. et FasU Oxon. p. 
893.* Anthony liodgcs, M.A. New C. 
II Apr. 1638. 

* note in MS. Ik>dl- 594 p. 4. See 
Cutcb's Wood's HL>L Univ. Oxon. ii. p. 
631. 

* Wood 515 (4) is 'The petition of 
the mayor aldermen baylifTi and com- 
moaalty of tlie dty of Oxon to the 
Hoiae of Commons' Lond. 1649: 



another copy of it is Wand 609 (19^ 
The following notes indicating tbe 
further progress of tbe suit may be 
brought in here :— -' In Convocation oa 
June S, Fiid., an answer being driwn (^ 
to the cicie petition it was ordered to b* 
printed ; the vice-chancellor proposed 
tliat there should be a yearly sum ot^ 
money raised frum the colleges to defend 
the UDircnity liberties and priTiIegcs'; 
note in MS. Bodl. 594 p. 4. Ibid., p. 
6:— 'Jone 31, Thursd., ordered by the 
committee tliat the Universitie should 
an&wcr ar make answer to the dlic 
jictilion ; July 34, Tund., an answer waa 
put in which I have, primed.' Wood 
515 (5) >* ' Theaiuwciof tbcchanceUor 
masters and scholars of tbe University 
of Oxfurd to the petition ... of the city 
of Oxon ' Oxford 167S, in which Wood 
notes :— • by Dr. Gerard Langbaine of 
Queen's College auao 1^49; tbe 6r^ 
edition cnme out 1A49 in qnailo, this 
edition wsa published nt Oxon 7 Feb. 
1677 (i e. f ) upon certaitte diffcrcsces 



MARCH— yUNE, 1649. 



^S% 



^Wood 36B (7) b ' The Annie's martyr, or, ft GiitlifDl relation of the baiboTDiu 
proceedings npon Mr. Robert Lockier,' Loud. 1649. In it is this note, not by 
Wood but by a prcvioos owner: — * MemoraRdum that this Lockicr (shot 37 Apr. 
1649) was a I.evcllcr, the most violent man id the army (of his i:|iiali(jr} against the 
king who was sot lon^ before martyred and murdered att Whitehall; bad the 
orrnccing of the bnitding of the scafToId on wlitch his ucrcd sovcrelgne waa 
beheaded'; said "if none else would execute the king he would" and "hoped to 
wash his hards in his blood. " 'Ex** ^*^ IxSutor u/i/n, the Lord saw and makes 
him Boffer : jostns es, Domiae.') 

Jime. — [June 8', F., Convocation: it was then alledged that in 
some Colleges tlicre were not Regent Masters to present such that 
took degrees in Congregation, whenipon it was decreed that Mr. 
<Johu> Good' of Ball. Coll., Mr. \V<i]liam> Segory" of Ch. Ch., 
and Mr. (William) Woodward' of Univcn-ity College who were 
Inceptors, should be then admitted Regent Masters though it vere 
2 months before the Act. 

Note lliat in anno 1648, viz. from Mich, term 1647 to the Act time 
1648, were scarce 40 Inccplors, of which half or more were lurned 
out or else had voluntarie left tlicir places bt;fore the Act time 1648. 
Yet, notwithstanding, there were many created in the Pembrochian 
visitation who though they had gotten fellowships yet did not appear 
in Congregation and perhaps were not admitted ad regendum!] 



tbcD ofl foot between the Uoircnity and 

tOWOG.* 

' in the summer of 1S90 a series of 
letters appeared in the "Times" dis- 
cosaiog the posibon of Charles I al the 
badiag-block. It may be worth while 
therefore to note here the cndencc of 
the Wood pamphlets as to the execu- 
tions of the time. Sevcial of these have 
Uluftnttt ons of beheadings, and they shew 
the sufferer f^cnerally lying prone on the 
scBfTolfJ, but occasionally with the neck 
resting on a slightly higlirr 1)1ul^k so 
that the tnffcrer is on his elbows and 
bis knees. S<:e c. g. Wood 366 i;9) ' A 
abort and tme relation of the life and 
death of Sir Thomas Wvotwortb,' Lond. 
1641 : W'oo<) 389 (14) ' The manner of 
tbe beheading of Duke lUmbletoo,* 
Load., . . . : Wood 515 .5) * A tme in- 
fonnation of the beginning and cause of 
all oor troubles,* Loud. 1648 [on p. 9, 
ihe earl of Strafford's beheading, on p. 
31 Sir Alexander Carew's beheading j 
Wood 519^6) 'A brief review of the 



most material itarliamentary proceed- 
ings,' Im^mk). 1653 (n.-pcats the tlliuttra* 
tions of the piecediog book) ; Wood 
608 (91 ' A great and bloody plot dis- 
covered against bis royal majesty 
Charles,' I-ord. f.\pr.] 1660. An odd 
variety is given by the cuts which re- 
present the sufferer lying sapine 00 the 
•caffold ; e.g. Wood E 25 (35I. a balM 
entitled ' A pattern of tree love to yoa 
I will recite' ; the same cut being found 
also in Wood E if (54), another ballad 
entitled * The lady Isabella's tragedy.' 

* note in MS. BodL 594 p. 4. 

' John Good M,A. BaU. 23 Jan. 164I ; 
William Scgory M.A. Ch. Ch. 3 Nov. 
1648 ; William Woodward M.A. Univ. 
83 Jan. i64(.— Wood in MS. E. 39 
notes that : — ' ad annum necessariae 
regentiae admiasi erant in termino 
Tiioltalii 1649, quia dod e»t Magister 
in Collegiis Ball, vel Acdc Christl vcl 
Univ. qui gradas petete ct ad gradns 
ptaesentare potoit in domo Congrega- 
tion is.' 



154 



WOOD'S UFE AND TLVES. 



[Thomas lies', D.D., canon of Ch. Church, somtimes pnncipall 
of Hart hall, died, W., ao June 1649 and was buried in the north 
isle jojTiing 10 the choirc of Ch. Ch. — Martha, daughter of . . . 
Vaughan (yonger brother to Dr. Richard Vaughan, bishop of Lon- 
don), minister of Ashted in Surrey ; first, ilic wife of Dr. Thomas 
Anyan** somtimes president of Corpus Xti Coll., but had no issue 
by him ; llicn, Uic second wife of ihc said Dr. lies; died in Halj-well 
near Oxon vcric old and poorc, Th., 1 1 Febr. 167I, and was buried 
by her second husband : no cscocheons upon her hears. Slice had 
been mistris in her yonger dayes to Dr. John \N'illiams, afterwards 
archbishop of York.] 

July.^[i4 joly", S,, Convocation, chancellour's letters, dated 
Th., ult. May, were read wherby he commends lo them Uic bearer 
therof 

' riierotbetu, CepbAlloniGt, Inmed pioos and Btudiaus, who batlt spent mnch time 
ind tnraylc in tmnblnllng the confcniuDS of {oith, catcchl&mcs. and the like, of the 
rtfonned chtirchci in foircigae pans, into the Milgur Greek, for the benefit of the 
EasIctbc churcbei. He ii now dcuruus to see if luiy * here miy be had lo Ihc im- 
piQvetaent of so piooi and glorious a vrork* and the chancellor ' desErcs the heads 
of Colleges an^l YlulU now \o give hitn such civil) and faire reception u may be- 
come the honor of so famoos a UoiTenlty in so woithy », caiue and also how la 
promote and advantage his pious designe.* 



' note in Wood M.S. K. 4 p, 8^ ; 
Wood gives in colour these arms: — 
' sable a fesi cngnuted argent in chief 3 
flenr-de-li£of thelatt{Ucs); impaling, 
table a chevron between -i fleut-de-lic 
ttigeDl (Vanghon).' Id MS, Rawl. D. 
oiitH I a*)0 Wood notcc : — ' ho vras bnrtcd 
that night alt the upper end of the aortli 
cbappel. He bore to his anncs :— 
sable, a chevron iograilcd and 3 Hear 
de liz in chcif ar)^cnl.' . 

" the following note b in Wood MS. 
E. Jj p. 17 ■ — 'On Ilr.'rhoiniS Anyon, 
president of C. C.C. Oson. "They say 
some of OS Doctors are citckoldt ; is 
^My otu heiet" saith Dr. (John) 
Piidcaux at a meeting of the Doctors, 
meaning Dr. Anyon who married a 
comly woman (daughter ofoac Vaogban 
a minister of Surrey) verily thought to 
have been, or then vras, a mistris of 
{John^ Williams biii'hnp of I.ii>colne. 
This woman after Anyan's death inis 
le-inorried to Dr. Thomas lies eanoc of 
Ch. Ch. and lived in Oxon to the month 
of Feb. i6;t. The »id Dr. lies was 



principal of Hart Hall, and finding him- 
self not in a capacity ever to study in a 
tnoming without a cup of ale, would, as 
soon AS drest, look out of lus -window 
and call to the next per^in he saw *' 'Isl I 
some ale." Which wurls lie using 
often, Kolarf icaile it an anagrum for 
his name.' Id Wood MS. E. 33 fol. 
39 h. Wood Dotes : — ' The Fellows of 
C. C. Coll. have these verses running 
among them :— 

" Dr. Spencer was a wcnchcr ^Vnd built 
for OS a new bouse 
Dr. Anyan was a drinker And hailt for 
as a brew house." 

Kote that Dr. John Spencer was the 
first inarriHl [iresidcnt of C.C. Coll. and 
built an house for her on the west side 
of the College ; and Dr. Tbonios 
Anyan, who succeeded him in the 
presidentship, being a bibber, built for 
the college a brewhonic ceare to the 
College sUUes by Grope lane.' 

* notes in MS. Bodl. «;94 pp. 4, 5. 

* i.e. coofessions, catechisms. 



JUNE — SEPT. 1849. 



^S5 



The vicechaocelloT then shewed in Convocation 'Ubruin vulg^ Gnurom cjnem 
qoidem Hierothctu abbas Ccpbatincnsit dono dedcrit bibliothecac', in quo cod- 
leiiio fidci seciiiiiIuTii ecclntas icfurmatas vcititui in lingoam vulgo Gntecam tn usum 
ccctcsianun oneatalium.* 

Deli^fatei weic appointed wbo on, M., i6 July decFCcd llut the lan of 50/1. 
,-aluiald be given to tbc uid Hiciothccs 'pro wom vcnione confcssiooii et catechismi 
*(ccleiian »n refoniiiiUiniui iii Uu^tiaia vulgo GiaCbajii * wbicli money ww to bc 
nued bom the coUcgci.] 



Augnat. — [. . . Heale ', a commoner or gentleman-commoner of 
Lyncolne College, pupill to Mr. Thankful! Owen, died, W., 29 Aug-. 
1649: buried in All Saints' Church in that chancel! lltat they call the 
College chancell.] 

September. — [An' order made by the Delegates Sept. ir, T., 
that proctor < John) Maudil, Mr. (John) Wilkins warden of Wadham, 
College and Mr. (Henry) Cornish canon of Ch. Ck, should U; ajH 
pointed to conferr with the mayor and citizens about the belter being 
and security of this place, whether they think fit it should be dis- 
mantled or retained a garrison siil! or what other course might be 
taken for the security of the University and city. — This consultation 
was upon the Icvclkrs rising in Oxford *. Tlie officers that quell'd 
tbem bad presents given to them by the University. 

Sept. 30, Th., ordered by the Visitors that Ihe head of every College 
in this University of Oxford be desired to call unto him such a number 
of discreet fellowes as he shall think fit to peruse the sevcrall siatutcs 
of their bouses and to present lo Uie Visitors such oaUis and statutes 
as are fit to be taken away ; and that the Delegaies of the University 
be desired to appoint such a number of themselves as they shall ihuok 
fit to do tlie like by the statutes of ihc Univcrsitie.] 

[Twenty' horse of (James) Hind's company, the great robber, 



/ 



* I euinot diKorer this boolc anong 
ellber the MSS. or printed boolu of the 
libtary. 

' note in W'oo<l MS. F. 4 p. 84. 
Wood gives in colotjrs this coat: — 
* pJet, six loic^gci in bend argent.^ 
lo an earlier dnUt of this note (Wood 
MS. F. 31 fol. 71) Wood uys:— 'be 
bore to his annes, ^vXt», five fuulleft 
tn beuiJ argnit.' Hcnlr <tocs not ap- 
pear in the matricnlatioD rcgiitcr, which 
has many defccu at thb time. 

' note* la MS. Bodl. 594 pp. 6, 7 : 
these orders were approved by Coovoca- 
don, Oct. 30, T. 



* see an account of this meeting tn 
Gutch't Wood's Hist. Univ. Oxon. iJ. 
pp. 6ij;, 636, The nmrilfesto of the 
mutiiicrrs ti fuand in Wood 515 (6), 
'1'hcTcprc$cntaltonofc4j1oncl(R)duLrd) 
Inglesby"* regiment in the ganison of 
Oxford, 7 Sept. 1649," Lond. 1649. 
Another copy is Wood 603 no. ao (a). 

* notes in Wood 373 (J) ' l"be Ei^- 
liih Gozm&n or the liistory of Jamei 
Hind,' by G[eorge] Ktidge], honA. 
iti^a. Wood 373 (i) is 'The Humble 
Petitioo of James Hind,' I.wid. lAjt. 
Wood 3S4 (8) Is a cbap-book on the 
aame penon : — ' No jest like a tne jot. 



15*5 



WOOffS LIFE AND TIMES. 



committed about 40 robberies about Bamet, not far Uctax London, in 
the space of 2 houres, about 33 Sept. 1649. 

An sbttnct of Jamet Hind hit exajninition, of what he confnscd of 
penunbulstioos :^W., mA May tf>40, it being 30 dny» after he vros por^ned 
S. Jamesa hj captain . . . ETani, <he) departed Etiglaod and went to the Hagne. 
After he had been there Ibrce dayes, he dei»irted for IreUnd in tbe vcucll that 
canted the Scotch kiag** goods <;Chaxles U) and landed in that vessel at Gallovrajr] 
sisid in IrcUad 3 quarters of a veare (part of which time he was a coiporal 
(jAm«s Botlct) the lotd of Onnond'< life gnard) ; and being at Yooghall wt 
he waj. surprized bf the inhabitants for the juarWuncot was &en wounded in both' 
hands by halbcrts. After which be went to Dancaonon and bcvauv: uf (he liok- 
ness he came thence to Sctlly ; itoid there eight months and fcom thence be came 
to the Isle of Man. (He) slaid there 13 weeks, and went from thence to Scotland ; 
came to the king at Sterlin and kis^Kl his hand. The king * being lafornwd who 
he was, after uimc discourse commended him to (George Villien) the duke 
£acks then present to ride in his troop because his life-gnatd was fnll. He 
to England with the aatne troop ; was in the engagement ' at Warryngtoo 
Lane. ; also at Worcester* where he slaicd with the said tioop ttll the king 
fled, and it was after night ; when, the gates being full of fl7lng persons, be lea; 
over tbe wall (tlie traurh) un foot by himself onlir, travnii'd the country and \m.y 
3 dayes imder boshes and hedges because of the parliament soldiery that flew in 
every corner to search the royalists. At length he came to Sir John Packington'c 
woods where he lay 5 dayes. Afterwards (he) came 00 foot to London, by tuune 
of Broom ; lodged 5 weeks in Txmdon ; and was taken 9 Nov. 1C51 at Deniy's 
tbe barber, by S. Dimstan's cbnrch in Fleet Street, he having lodged there 3 weeks 
before by the name of Itrown. He stood then committed to Newgate for high 
treason by order of tbe coimscll of state : canicd afterwards to Worcester and wac 
banged there*. 

This James Hind (borne at Chipping Norton) was a little dapj 
dcspcrat fellow and his Ufc here written' by one who calls himsel 
George Fidgc is very weakly performed. Many things arc tme in 
it ; but most are false, and many materia) things are omitted. 
remember one James Dewy (son of Mr. \\^illiam I>ewy of S. El 
parish in Oxon), who, long before my acquaintance with him, was 
one of his desperate companions — a little man, but verie metalsoi 
and daring. Also I remember one . . . Ha)'M-ood of Einsliam 
Oxon, a tall, slender man, who, for carrying on the trade of robbery, 
about the time that Hind was executed was taken (and) comjnitted 



being a compendious relatioo of the 
merry life and mad exploits of CapL 
James Mind, the great robber of Eng- 
land ' : London, no dale ; Wood sc«ms 
to have twgght it in 1657, 

' Charles I] was crowned at Scnnc 
00 I Jan. l65t. Wood 633 (9; is ' The 



fofm and older of the oorooalion of 
Charles the Second at Scooac,' Aber- 
dcenc 1651. 

' 16 Aug. 1651. 

» battle of Worcester 3 ScpL 1651. 

* 00 34 ScpL 1651. 

* i.e. Wood 37a (j). 



SEPT. — OCT. 1649. 



157 



10 Oxford Otstle. But soon after, endeavouring to make an escape 
by the help of his sheets and bedcords tyed together to let him downe 
from a high place, brake his Icgg and was taken. Artliur Roe, a 
tanner of Oxford, was his senunl, a donnright drudge at fighcing, 
a rustical hero : from wbome 1 have heard many of the pranks 
committed by Hind. This Arthur Roe, being eaten up with the 
scurvies, died at Oxon in the beginning of March 168J, aged under 
to ; buticd in ilie yard of St. Peter's Cliurdi.j 

October. — [Oct.' 3, \V., the Delegates appointed as subdelegatea ' 
<RaIph> Button, (John) Milward, (Thankful) Owen, (Robert) 
Hancock ' qui animadversiones suas (e corpore statutorum Universi- 
tatis) referrent si quae superstiliosam pravitatem sapiant,' 

Oct. 3, W., the Delegates appointed ccrtainc persons to consider 
a way to raise 40/1. per annum to be allowed to an assessor lo help 
the vice-chancellor in rthus fortnsibus; letters also to be sent to 
Mr. John Fell* for the restauration of the Universi tic's goods and 
plate; to have writts procured out of Haberdasher's hall lo arrest 
Edmund Gayton, Matthew Cross, William Ball, and Henry Davys, 
bedles*, because they have carried away Uie staves^ of their ofBces 
which are tlic University goods. 



notM in MS. Eodl. 594 pp. 6, 7 : 
I orden were approved by Coovoca- 
, on 30 Oct 

to rcvitc the itatutcs of tbe Uaiver- 
Bly, (ce/w/rj p. 155. 

u execntor of hit father Dr. Samuel 
FeU. 
• Edmniid Gaytoo M.A. S. Jolui's 
[was elected esquire betiell of Art* aod 
WV(lit:ine 19 Sept \i>i,f>\ was rjccTctI 
vtiy the Porliamciilaty Viaiiort who, 00 
Apr. 1649, appointed Richard Catniiioa 
to bis place. Gayton was re^torc<l in 
llitio by ihc Kin^s Commisw oners. — 
Matthew Crosse was elected «<jtiire 
bedell of Law 33 May 1618; ejected 
by the Pari. Vi»., who, on i J Apr. 1648, 
appointed Bernard Here iii kit place. 
Crosse died in i6<;5. Here died in 
1658. — WiUiam Ball was elected yeo- 
man bedell of Arts 15 Jcly 1637; 
ejected by Pari. Via., and John Ijngley 
appointed on 13 Apt. 1648. Ball vrac 
tettored in 1660. — Henry Havyi was 
elected yeoman bcdcU of Divinity in 
1643 ; ejected ly the Fori. Via., and 



Anthony Fido (aftermurdb fellow of 
Univ.) appointed. 13 Apr. 1648. 
Dary* wat restored in 1660. 

' notes in MS. Bodl. 594 pp, 8, 9 may 
be brought in here, explaining tbe 
further coanc of thi« claim :— * at a 
meeting of the Delegates, ao Nov., T., 
ii was ordered ihnt all meancs shontd 
be used for the rt-gainin^ uf the iKtIles' 
staves and ihit tJic Linivcrsity should 
not buy any": (? May) '1650, the 
Dclej^alea ordered llint money should be 
collfctcd from cvciy college to buy 
bedells' staves.' Ibid. p. 10, ' June 10 
(and affilne 13 Nov.) 1650, the bcdles" 
staves to be enquired after from the (Jd 
l>cdle& thai live in the I'nlversicy ; Mris 
Fell to be sent to for Henry Jacobs' 
staffe taken away by her husband (Dr. 
Samuel i'dl) and the virgcr's staCT.' 
Henry Jaco(>» had been elected esquire 
bedell of Divinity In June 1641 ; tbe 
FarL Vis. had ejected him and on 13 
Apr. 1648 appointed John I)lagrav« 
M.A. Mfrt. in bis place. Blagravc 
died in 165 a. 



'58 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TUfSS. 



William Cole, public notary and a student of 7 years' standing, was 
appointed deputy-regislraj in the absence of John French.] 

[. . . Babcr', gent, commoner of Trinity College, buried in Magd. 
parish diurcli in the north suburbs of Oxon, Th^ 11 Oct. 1649; 
a Somersetshire man, of or neare Wells. ^Arms: — ) 'argent, on 
a chevron sable three mascles or between as many roundles sable each 
charged with a martlet argent.'] 

(Wood B 18 (9) was' Thomas Widdowes' 'The' just devill of 
Woodstock' 1649; Wood Bi8(io) was ' The Woodstock scuffle.' 
Wood has lliis note at tlie beginning of the volume : — 

' Robert Plot, LL.D., in his " Natural History of Oxfordshire '* 
(printed 1677) cap. 8 paragr. 37-40 etc, hath an account of *' the 
just devill of Woodstock," not from this printed copie, which he never 
saw, as he himself hath told mc, but from the relation of se\-era.ll 
people that then (1649) lived: and so consequently (as it docs) 
difiers much from this printed relation of Thomas Widdowes. He 
sayes their first coming to the mannour bouse to sit and take a survey 
of it was on the 13 of Oct. 1649.') 

[(? Oct. 30, 7'.,) tlic * -riceduncetlor &i£niried to the Dcle^tn that he lad bad a 
mectLng with some af the chief of the city who presenlctl hini with the desticft 
following, which they desired 10 be grauated before they would treat of the rett. 
It ii desired :— 

1, tbftt there be no more offeriDg pence. 

a, ilut discominoiiiiig be taken off. 

3, that the oath to tbe University be no more D^ed to tbe citbetis. 

4, that tbe Uairersity do not let up any trade within the University. 

5, that the ci(ii«ns may have lU free Ubcrtic to sue privilcdged pcnooj lo 
the city court as they have to sue dtiztta in the chancellotir's court, 

The viccchancclloor's letter * in answer to these iDHtlcrs b dated Nov. ft, M.J 

Wovembor. — <In Wood 510 is a copy of 'An Act for ibe day 

of pubhque tiianksgiung to be observed on i Nov. 1649,' in which 



' note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 85. I 
leam from the Rev, II. E, D. Dlakiston 
of Trin. Coll. that this must be Henry 
tiaber of Somerset who appears in 
Aithnr Charlct's Nonuiulalor ;MS. in 
Tiin. Coll.) as pupil to i<alph Bathcrst 
in 1649. He mnsC have died soon after 
coming up ; and does not appear in tbe 
mat ri dilution tegtstcr. 

* at the beginning of Wood R 18 b 
this note : — ' No. 4 was not found in 
this Yolome when examined by ns, 13 
Jane 1839 ; also no*. 9, to, and 14 
['The demon or dlvll of Tidworth'], 



W. Kinlaad, W. H. Black.' Mr. 
Kiitlond i.see su^ra p. 8 oote a) 
went through tbcte volumes of 
pamphlets, comparing the actual coa- 
teots of each volomc with the list of 
couteau givea within ita cover, and 
noting ' abstracuoos.' lUi IniliaU 
' W. K.' thus occur &eqnently In the 
Wood book», accompanying the melan- 
choly note ' dc-<»t.' 

' Wood cites it in bis catalogue of 
his own books, cow in Wood MS. £. x. 

' notes in MS. liodl. 594 p. 7. 

> fonad la i\eg. CoQvoc. T. p. 79. 



OCT. — A'Or. 1649. 



'59 



an official has written these instnictions : — ' To iIk constable of 
Woolh-ercott. By vertue of a warrant from the high shreife of this 
county, you are to cause this act and declaration herewitli sent to 
you to be published on Sunday next by the minister in your parish 
church, and that you make retume of the doing thcircof to the said 
shreiflT, and if it be hindcrei] or neglected by any you arc to retume 
their names likewise to him. Hereof you are not to fayle. Dated, 
S., 27 October 1649. John Wood.) * 

[At' a meeting of the Delegates zo Nov., T., it was ordered that \^ 
some course be taken to rai:>c money from all colleges to carry 
one' the sulc with the towne. A scheme was drawnc' whcrby every 
person of each college was to pay money towards defraying the y^ 
charges of tlie controvcrsie with the towne. ^ 

The Delegates ordered that the Tuesday sermon • at St. Marie's at 
7 in the morning be frequented.] 



[Ceurut fir priachtag the Tueuiay Jaturt. 



XtChnreh — 
Msgd. Coll. — 

K«w CoU. 

St. John's CoU. 



38 



Mcfton Colt. 
Bnuen-NoK Coll. 

All Soolea CoU. — 

Exeter Coll. 

Waiibain Coll. — 
Coq)iis Xli CoU. - 

Queen's CoU 

OtiellCoII. 

Trinity Coll. 

Lincolae ColL — 

Univcisily » 

Baliol 1 

Jews 1 

Pembroke ( 



ir 



"9 



30.] 



(ThJt Table is found in MS. Bodl. 594 p. 151, not b 
Wood's hand, aod undated.) 



' notes In MS. BodL 594 p. 8. 

■ i. e. on. 

* rornnd in Rt^. Coavoc T. pp. S8, 
89. 

' E« Gtitch'i Wood'a Hift. Univ. 
Oxoa. ii. p. 645. This weekly tcnnoa 
vai ail (>M institotioD. In Lincoln 
Collc^ ' Rcipstrum mcdinm* fol. 160 b 



ibereisBnentry'ioTan. ili>I: whcfta* 
tome three yean since It was agreed 
and drtemitned that . . . whereat there 
is a T)ie«day criurac to be sapplicd by 
the College in one ■ermon or more 
yearly at St. Mary's the di*ch*rge 
whcicof tnncb coocemi the oedit of 
the Colle^, and wbereas '. . . . In 



i6b 



IVOOlfS UFE AND TIMES. 



Deoembor. — [Samuel Radcliff\ Mr. of Arts of Brasnose, nephew 
to Pr. Samuel Radcliff, died, Th., 20 Dec. 1649, act. 30 ; and was 
buried in HalywcU churchyard nearc the church dore. He was the 
son of John Radcliff of Chester, genl. He married ... the daughter 
of Thomas Holt', Eboracensis, Novarum Scholarum Oxen archi- 
lectus; but he had no issu by her that lived. — She afterwards married 
William Whclpdalc, but bath no issue by him.] 

*Dtc., John Blanks, a hansome yong' man and contcraponirie with 
A. W. in MerL Coll., being sent for home to keep his Christmas, 
A. \V. went with him to the house of his father James Blanks, genl., 
impropriator of Bledlow in Bucks, neare to Thame in Oxfordshire, 
where he continued more thui a weekc. The church there stands 
upon a rising ground; and at the end of the chancel is a larg deep 
place, having on its sides bushes and brambles growing. At the 
bottome of this deep place issues out one or more springs", and giwa 
the original to a liule river. Between llie end of tlie clianccl and the 
brink or edg of this deep place, is contain'd as much ground* as the 
space of six paces of a man. A. \V. then heard several of the inhaW- 
lanls " repeat two old verses, that had gon from man to man these 
many yearcs, which run thus ; — 

He that liTCt and itil aliide, 

Will sec the dumcel UX in the Lyde. 

*This deep place is with them cal'd the Lyde, and the ground 
between the brink of it and the end of the chancel doth sensibly 



Wood MS. E. 33 fol. 19 there is an 
RRccitol!; which a^igna the inslilutiun 
of tliis Tuodlay »rrmon to qmtc the 
beginaing of the century ' — "who 
pccachca at St. Marie's next TueMlay?" 
asknl ft ccitsinc pcreon. It was answer- 
ed " 'incitus." Why Tadtusf Uccausc 
'iwM Mctton Colle;;c torne to prcAch. 
Yoa must note UiclI when Tuesday 
lectures came up in the beginning of 
King James his laigDe Sii Ileaiy Savile, 
wnnku of Mcrloii Cwllcgc, who had 
lately published Comeliu Taciiui with 
Dotes, would by do meaoB consent with 
the heads of hotiies that bb house should 
have a turse in pleaching that kcturc^ 
1 have looked in the l^ndian code of 
sutute* (edit. John Grifhths, 1888) but 
cannot find any rnactineat about this 
coone. The 30 tonu in the Tabic 



repre«etit the number of Tuesdays on 
which the term on was preached each year. 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4 p. 85. 
Wood gives th«e arms in colonn : — 
'argent, a bead engimilcd sable, in the 
chief a mallet sabte charged with a 
martlet of the field for difTerenoe,' and 
say* ' These anncs itre on tiis montUDcnt 
in (lalywdl churchyard.' 

■ see the Portfolio for 1SS8 ; and J. 
WelU' Wadkam C^lUgt in 'The Col- 
le^s of Oxioid' (.Mcthoco, 1S9J), p. 

' seven ipnngt are now counted. 

* in the ontio diiccla of the Harl. 
MS. * as mucb ground that I can go 
over with about six of my paces.' 

* the Ycnci are still current (tS9i)at 
Bledlow and popularly ascribed lo 
' mothei Shiptou.' 



DEC. 1649 — %-1M 1660. 



101 



weare away [and' fall inio Uic Lydc], so that if some care in time be 
not taken, ihc proverbial verses may ' prove true. 

*Jn" the church here were some annes in the windowes, and an 
inscripiion or two on grave stones, of which A. W. tokc notice 
according to liis then capacity, but afterwards obtained a better 
method of taking tbem. TIich: things are here set downe ; because 
they were tlie first mauers of that nature that A. W. look notice of. 

[Dr. Richard Gardiner*, a boone companion, ejected from his 
canonry of Ch. Church, Oxon, by the parliamentarian visitors anno 
1648, preached the year following among several! ejected loyalUsts 
at Magd. poHiili church in Oxon and dilating himself on Xt's miracle 
of turning water into wine, said that " every good fellow could turne 
wine into water : but who or any other mortall could tume M-ater into 
wine. This, I say, makes the miracle the greater."] 



[In' the j-ear 1649, the new president and fcllowes of Magd. Coll. 
caused the picture of our Saviour to be taken downe out of the west 
window of their chappcll (In which window is represented the day 
'of judgment) but left the picture of the devill standing. Wherupon 
a country man seeing what had been done said :— ' Blez uz ! what a 
revormation is here ! Wliat ! pluck downe God and set up the deviU I ' 
But this picture was set up againc, 1675.] 



<1B|S: Wood aet. 18.) 

January. — [John Wilkinson*, D.D. president of Magdalen College, 
somltmcs principall of Magd. Hall, died in Magd. Coll., VV., 3 Jan. 



' the words in sqiiar* bmcVrts lu* ia 
the tI.irL Mi?. ; omitkd in the Tanner 
MS. 

» 'will' iD the Harl. MS. The 
chnrcb at BUdlmr bu been restored by 
the preKfll liicumbcnt (Rev. T. A- 
Sncalbl nnd protected (rom ibe riak of 
this iiccidcnt. 

' 'I*he Hftrl. MS. hu • le» deoepttre 
Tcnioii of this paragnpb : — ' Hen were 
tSrn rame amtcs ia the nindowa and 
moDtUDcnts on the gratind : but my 
Kit^ wiu not then arrived .it maturity 
luid tbenrfbrc I di<l not commit tltcm tu 
wriiinsul did aitcTward* things of thii 
laiusK.' 



• note in Wood MS. £. 33 p. 24. 
» note in W'ootI MS. M 31 fol. t«). 

* note in Wood MS. F. 4. p. Sj. 
Wood e^vc$ these snnes in colour:-— 
' lozengy cmiinc and sable on a chief of 
tlic Itut, 3 lilies slipped argent, (Mag- 
dalen CoIlq:c) ; imiuling, gnlea a fess 
Tair, in chief a nnicom In fnll course 
below a cresct-nt Iwtwccii two mDllcts 
or within a bordore en;;railed of the 
last : ciest ; a tigtri head erased or, in 
the nionlb a wing arf^ent (Wilkiason).' 
All citrlicr fnrm of the note in Wood 
MS. F. 31 ful. 70 says:— 'bis fuaenll 
wa5 solcnuiiied nt his own college, V., 
Jan. II.' 



l62 



W^OOrfS UFE AND TUffES. 



1 6)^ ; and n-as buried in the middle of the chancel! of Great Milton 

Chorch in com. Oxon. He married Katherine, daughter of 

but had no issue by her.] 

"Jan. In the latter end of January be sent a generous requital 
to Mr. James Blanks for the great civilities he shcw'd unto him during 
his being in hts house last Christmas. 

February. — "Feb, i6, S., his brother Edward who was his tutor 
thinking it more fit tlial he should chang him for another, he was put 
under the tuition of Clinton Mannd, an Irish man bome of Enghsh 
parents as being descended from the Maunds of Chesterton near 
Bister in Oxfordshire. He was a bach, fellow ', well grownc in 
yeares, but a grand Presbyterian, alwaics praying in his chamber, and 
when master of Arts preaching abroad. A. Wood's brother was 
pevish and would be ever and anon angr>- if he could not take or 
imderstand Logical notions as well as he. He would be somtimes 
so angry that he would beat him and lume him out of his chamber ; 
of which complaming to his mother, she was therefore willing that 
Anlliony should take another tutor. 

/ March.— [March ' i6, S., the Ddegalcs pedtion to the Committee 
for regulating the Universitic, speaking thus: — 

' WTieras tliis Univeratie have alwaies had power of electing of 
their oflficcrs and members into their severall societies, it is desired by 
the Delegates that the houses that are now sctled in a collegia! way' 
of government by the present Visitation may be left to a free election 
of their owne officers and members according to the severall statutes 
in those cases provided.'] 

An. Dom. 1660: 2 Car. II: <Wood aot, 18.) 

April — 'In the bcgirming of this yeare' A. W. was made one of 
the Bible Clerks', by ihe favour of Sir Nadianiel Brent", ilic warden, 
for these reasons; (i) because the Visitors cal'd into question the 
right of the fellows of the said Coll. their bestowing of the postmasters' 



' *a tiachelor fellow,' Le. feUow of 
hb college, of only RA. degnc. 

' note io MS. Uodl. 594 p. 8. 

• see note 5 p. 148. 

' the M«i1on College books are de- 
icctlvc at this time and the dales of 
Wood's appuLDtineiit to and cession of 
the Bible Clerkship caoaol Ik discover- 
ed from tliem. 



' Wood ^39 (7) is ' Epilaphium 
Nathanidis Brent,' wbo died 6 Nov. 
1651. Nathaniel llrcnt was fifth too, 
of Anchor Brent of tittle Wolford in 
com. Wanv. ; he mameO Martha, 
daoghlcranciheirof Robert Abbot bishop 
of Samm. Wood has an elaborate 
pedieice of the IlreoU la Wood MS. F 
33 fol. i69, i^. 



yAN. — yVLY, 1660. 



163 



places ; (3) because a clerk's place u-ns better than that of a post- 
master, the since not. because that benefactions have been after this 
time bestowed to make the postmasters* places belter. There was 
then no duly in the cliappcl for tlie clerks, because the Common 
Prayer and Sacraments in the cliapel were put downe, and but very 
little attendance there was for them in Ihc hall. 

"Apri] g, F., he answer'd Generals ' in the public schools, and 
James Bricknell, his chamberfellow and clerk of Merton Coll., opposed 
him. 

"Apr. 22, M., he left the cocklclofl over his brotlicr's chamber in 
the first quadrangle, and removed to the chamber in the little or old 
quadrangle, opposite to the Exchequer^ cliamber, whidi was ap- 
pointed for the clei^. 

June. — At * 11 meeting of ihe Oclcgales, 4 June, T., Mr (Robert) Hancock 
proproctor the last yeare <]jd certifie the Deli^atet that one Kcblcwhitc a citizen 
liacl served hint vrilh a writ out iif the Common Fleas for false imprisonment, 
whcns what he did 10 KeWewhite wju in the exccnlion of his office for hb 
manifest mii^cineaiioUT an<i for being in a tavcni after 9 of the clock at night. 
He: thcrfoie desired to knon* the lease of the Dclet^ates whether the Uiuvcnity 
would owae him in this wite or no. Whempom the Delegates voted : — 

I, that if Kir Hancock had done nothing in that business bat what by the 
statute he migb^ doe, then be was to l>e owned by the Universitic ; 

3, ecconling to the relation of tbc matter of fact made by Mr. Hancock, be had 
dfMK no more than n proctor by vcrtue of his office minht lawfully do ; 

3, that in rrgMxi this bnisncf s did conccrne one of those points now depending 
before the committee betwixt the Univcmty and City, that I>r.<G«anl) Langbone 
and Dt (Joshua) Cross should signiHc to Mr. Berry * in the name of the city that 
tbey take a course to susjtcnd the proceedings in this Euitc till that controvenie 
cnncerning the proctors' power be determined by tRtitic or otherwise bcfoie the 
committee, or otherwise the>- must cz|tcct that tlic Univcrsitic would commence 
suite* agaiort them for injuries done upon other articles now depeodiog.] 

Jiily.^[On 4 June", T., Dr. (Gerard) Langbaiie had been 
desired ■ to prepare an instrument to constiime a commissary ' for the 
University therby, with the advice of such counscll as he should 
think fit to use.- July 1 1, Tli., the Delegates met : tlie necessary use 
of the viccchanccllor's court was debated and the prejudice that the 



' the disputations corresponding to 
the modern Responiions ; Clark 'k Keg. 
Unir. OxoD. 11. i. j), 33. 

* 'the Checqaer chamber,' tn tbc 
UaiL MS. 

* Dote in MS. Bodl. 594 p. 9. Tlus 
vote was * approved by Convocation, 
S., 8 June.' 



' marginal note : — ' dtiico and gold- 
smith of Oxford.* 

* notes io MS. Bodl. 594 pp. 10, il. 
' i.e. by the Delegates. 

* Wood note* : — I.e. ' a commissary 
to help Uie \^iced)Bnce]lof', ' as we would 
now say * an Assessor in tbc Vioe- 
chaocellor's cotirt.' 

a 



i64 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



^ 



Uaiversitf had suffered by ihc discontinuance thcrof; whcrupon 
there being now a treaty between the lowne and Unirersity, it was 
therefore voted that Dr. (Gerard) LangMne, Dr. (Richard) Zouch, 
and Dr. (John) Mills would take that matter into prime and speedy 
considcralion. taking unto ihem one learned in the common law. — 
uly 22, M., it was reported iJiat, according to a former order of ihe 
delegates, Dr. Langbanc, Dr. Zouch, and Dr. Alills had met and 
consulted about the constituting of a commissary for the University 
Court and had set down their opinion in wridng as foUoweth : — 

" I, wee cooccItc it oeceasarj to have a conit in the Uoivenitr uicl a oomtDlisitry 

constituted to excrci&e the jarisdictioa. 

3. Uiat, ootwithstaoding the Tacancy of the chonccllour's place at pietcnt, tberv 
is power sufficient in tbe Univoretly accordiog to the statutes and ctHtoaift for 
coBitituting of a commisiary. 

3, that this power according to the old statutes was in the senior Doctor of 
Divinity or Lav as eatuiUarius nattn, and accotdiaE to tbe new in tbe Tice- 
cbaocellor. 

4, wcc conceive it more fit that thii power be setled in the vicechaDceUor tban 
in the scoiar Doctor, 

5, that for the due tetlinfr thcrof and talds^ away all doubts which may be 
inovod about thitt point, the Vtsituun of the University be desired tn npprovc nnd 
recommend the sew atatutc as to that particular, and it beicg propo«cd and 
Rpprovci] in Coavocntiiin, the vicixJiajicrllour may n|>|iuint a cotnmiuary to 
exercise all jarisdictioa In as fall and ample a manner as heretofore batb bceo 
accustomed by the chAiiixllour : to u-hidi purpose wee shall prcjiaic a cumtnissioa 
wbcn h shall be required. " — 

/ July 24, W., the Visitors being acquainted with this matter did 
tlien order that the new statute devolving all power and authority of 
the chancellor on the vicechanccHor during the racancy of a chancel- 
lour be confirmed.-^These things and the above order of the Visitors 
were proposed to and approved by Convocation, July 25, Th. .] 

'Augxiflt. — In ihc latter end of Aug. several juniors of Mert. coll. 
as John Blanks, Brian Ambler, A-iWood, &t. got horses and rode to 
Wallingford ' in Berks, purposely to see the castle' there, being then 
about to be demolished. They were in number about eight, and 
when they came to desire the guards to let them come into the castle, 
they refused to doc it, for' no other reason, as the scholars supposed. 



• Wood 50] (23) is 'Articlfs for 
tbe surrender of Wallingford * Lijod. 
1646. Wood foi (a^) is 'Articlfs for 
ibe BurR'nder of Wallinglortl' OxfonJ 
1646; aiiolhvf copy in Wiwl 612 C4*)- 
—Wood tSio (34) ia ' A dcclantion of 
Uic general council of tbe Oflkcts of the 



Army at Wallingford 27 Oct 1659* 
Load. 1659. 

' see fieliguitu Htamiattae i. 39 j. 

* in the Harl, MS. it runs : — 'for no 
otlicr reason, ai I mpposc, tban that oat 
munhcr bcinj; larg may hare aoBie 
designe with us.' 



JULY— DEC. leSO. 



J<S5 



but liiat tlicir number was too great and may have some dcsignc upon 
them. Col. Arthur Evclin vs-as then, as it iieems, tlie govertiour, hut 
was not at home, otherwise, as 'tis believed, iliey might have had 
entrance. So going back to the towne of Waltingford, they dined 
there, and reium'd to Oxon'. 

November. — [Nov. 13=, W., at a meeting of Uic Delcj^-ates the 
vicccliaiicclior produced and shewed a book to them intituled 5^ 
iaiographia*^ most richly bound, given to the Uni^-eraiiic by the 
author Johannes Hevelius, Borassus, Urbis Gcdancnsiii Scabinus 
consuUissimus, to be reposed in the pubhck library. Which being by 
ihem perused, they ordered the orator (Ralph Button) to write a 
Lattin letter of thanks to him. Which accordingly was done, d.ited 
from the Congregation house XI Cal. Dec. ^S., 21 Nov.) 1650 and 
subscribed *Tibi amicissima Academia Oxonicnsis,' a copy of which 
is in Reg. Convoc. T. p. 1 19.] 

[Nov. 13*, W., ordered that those that were to be matriculated 
hereafter should not take an oaik as formerly and lately but only 
Hrely prmnhe to observe the statutes privilc}^s aiid cusloraes of tlie 
Univcrsitie. — So that wheras when a matriculation book mxs provided 
in Feb. 1648 {i.c. %) lltcy swore to obscr\-e, now upon the sug- 
gestion of some nice consciences they were onlie barely to promise — 
approved by Convocadon, W., i January following.] 

December. — *Dcc. 14, S., one Anne Green a sen-ant maid, was 
hang'd in the casUe of Oxon, for murdering her bastard-child, 
begotten by JeHVy Reade grand-son to Sir Thomas Read of Duns- 
Tew in Oxford-shirc. After she had sufTL-r'd tlie law, she was cui 
downe, and carried away in order to be anatomiz'd by some yong 
physitians ", but they finding life in her, would not venter upon her, 
only so farr, as to recover her to life. Which being look'd upon as a 



i tbe Uaxl.MS. ad.U:—' Iliad then by 
{ine) all ACCOiiDtennenU foi a jaoncy, 
which I kept til) I gicw too bigg for 
than.* Wood at a btcr dale perhaps 
thought be wouUI impiorc Iiltridint;by 
theory: Wood C. 19 i* * llic Art of 
Riding' liy G. B., LoDd. 1584, which 
by the ioacrlptioo ('.\. Wood, l66a') 
be tccmi to have bought in lOfia. 

' Dotc in MS. BoiU- 534 p. 11. 

* Wood noted in the marpn 'vide 
litnlnin Id IJbro BeDc/actoruni bibl. 
bodL' ; ihcD fiuditig It waf not ditcitd 
Iho^ he DoUd 'kc ibc book il acl/ 



and his writiiig before the title,' Johauocs 
IIcTelius (Dniitiscannt] 'Selcnograpbia, 
sivL- lunac dctcriplio . . .* GedanI t&47f 
fol. [FoI. BS. 6i] cum uiscripliuiic 
anctoris sutograjdia. 

* CDtc in MS. Ijodl. 594 p. I3. 

* their aamci are given in the pam- 
phlet here alluded to (Wood 515 do. 
la ' Newes fiom ttic dead, or a tnie aud 
enact iiniratiuu ... of Anne Giecoe' 
Oxford 1651, and cdiliwi). Tbey arc 
Dr. William rctlyofitraa.; Mr.'l'homni 
Willis of Ch.C"h-': Mr. Kalpti Uaihum 
of Trin. ; Mr- Ucnrj Gierke of Mayd. 



i66 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TnfES, 



great wonder', there was a relation ■ of her recovery printed, and at 
the end several cofttes of verses made by the yong poets of ibe 
Universitic were added. Sec more tu the neil yearc\ 

[Dec.* 31, T., fit and able men were appointed by the Delegates to 
preach at S. Marie's every Sunday in the afternoon for Che yeare 
foUowing, Masters of Ana of 4 ycares standing and to be in Holy 
Orders— approved by Convocation, W., 1 Jan. following.] 



<16&f : Wood aot. 10.) 

January,— [Jan. 1 1 ", S., the Delegates appointed Dr. (Gerard) 
Langbane, Dr, (John) Wilkins, Dr. (John) Sanders and others to 
consider 'quomodo pauperibus prospiceretur ut ne collegialera stipem 
mendicantes ulterius sint Universitati adeo molesti.'^These were 
poore soldiers, cashiered or maimed, and Irish people with peiitious, 
that pretended to be undon by the late rebellion there.] 

•Jan. 16, Th., twdve [Wiitmaslcrs of ftTcrton coll. were expel'd* by 
the Visitors, viz. Jolin Blanks, John Wriglii, Brian Ambler, Richard 
Philipps, &c. Some of whicli, who were godly youths^ as Georg 
Pricket, Stephen Richmond, William Staine' &c. they afterwards 
restored to, and confirmed them in their places. So that had A. W. 
continued postmaster a Utdc longer, he had without doubt received 
liis quietus. As for John Blanks, he aAer^iirds retired to his father's 
house and became an attorney : John Wright, after the king's 
restoration, became master of the King's School at Worcester ; Brian 
Ambler, a curat or minister in Shropshire: and Kichaxd Philips, 
upon a second answer given in to the Visitors, was kept in ; and, 
after he had taken a degree in Arts, he became a mortified and pious 
minister in Shrop!>)iirc, &c. 

•Jan. 22, W., Edward Wood, fellow of Merton coll., was, for diwrs 
pretended miscarriages and njisdeameanors, suspended by the Visi- 
tors' from his commons and all profits from his place, as also from 



* ice Erelyn's Diary under date as 
Mar. 1G7I. 

* ' this relation in pfosc was written 
by Mr. Rictuird Watkini somtinici 
ftodto: of Ch.Ch., DOW rector of Which- 
foid ia Warwicksbire ' ; Wood's note id 
Wood 515 (li). There is a copy ofthe 
Ant editioa in the Bodleian, pressmark 
' Bliss a, 173.' 

* i.e. infra p. 169. 



' note in MS. Bodl. 594 [>. ta. 

' note in MS. Bodl. £94 p. la. 

• sec Borrows' ' Register of the 
Viutot*,'pp. 316,338. 

' 'StaDcs/inthe Harl. MS. 

' Wood aftenratds obtained n tran- 
script of thii order, if not the actual 
document itself, which is bow found as 
a slip pasted to p. 1006a (an odd way 
Wooii has of writing io6j) in Wood 



DEC^ 1660 — FEB. 1661. 



167 



being tutor in that coll., untill Tarther order. The miscarriages were, 
first, for entertaining strangers at hb chamber with more wine than 
'twas thought convenient; {2) Tor drinking the king's health' at 
Medley neare Oxen two yeares before with some of his contem- 
poraries of Trinity coll. &c. Whicli suspension was occasion 'd by 
the uncharitable information made to the Visitors by Thomas Franke, 
a junior fellow of Mert. Coll. ; who now did lay in wait, as 'twere, 
10 bring the said coll. into distraction and trouble. 

"This Thomas Franke, after all Iiis obsequious flatteries, fals taks, 
cringing to the Presbyterians and Independents, and his being 
actually in arraes in the troop raised by the university of Oxen 
against King Charles 2 at Worcester, an. 1651, had the impudence 
after the restoration of the said king to turn about, and for his money 
to get the rectory of Cranfield in Derbyshire'; whilst others that liad 
been great sufferers for his majestic's cause and had no money were 
forced to shark and live as opportunity served. He was a most vile 
person and not fit to live in a society ; yet, if I am not mistaken, he 
did, when he used 10 retire to the college, after he had been seUed at 
Cranfield, express some repentance of what he had done Co the injury 
of several of the society before Mr. Peter NicoUs and John Powell 
senior, fellowcs of the said coll. 

February. — [Feb.* 9, Su., Mr. John French, bach, of Civil Law, 
fellow of Mert, Coll., and registrary of the University of Oiton, died ; 
buried the i ith day, T., in the choire (of Mert- Coll. chapel) against 
his stall. ] 

[Feb. 1 9 ', \V., it was ordered by the Delegates that, whereas no 
nodce was given when examinations for degrees were performed 
in the Natural Philosophy Schoole but by tickets stuck up on certainc 
public comers which would be, suddenly after, taken downe by such 
that were appointed so to do by those uho were to be examined, that 



MS. F. I :— ' Jan. SJth, 1650 (U, X): 
WbcroLi it bath bccnc made Rppcnrc 
befoic OS that Mr. Wood, fellow of 
Mert Coll., U guilty of diverse mi>- 
curia^-s and mixUiceaDon particularly 
Uid o[)cri bcfuie us : wc thctcfore order 
that tiie »ai<l Mr. Wood tiuiU ke sos- 
peoded from liis cotntnons mid nil other 
profitts of the house for one wixke, ai)ii 
alloc tnspcnded &om bcinf^tutoor in the 
Coll. uotill fanher order ; by the Viii- 
tnri, Ra(I|>h) Auhtrn, KGg(istrAriui) 
Coin(inissioiuinonun).' .Sw Ilnrrovs' 



* Rcgi&ter of the Visiton,* p. %i*. 

' for » siiiiiUr case ttx BrodricVs 
Menon, p. 100. 

■ underlined in pencil iii the Tanner 
MS. and ' I Itedfonbhire ' wrinen in 
the man^tn. This correction is not b/ 
"Wood, but by a later band. 

* note in Wood MS. K 35. William 
AVhitCinghani, Lt-D. Oriel, was electc<l 
trgistnir in Frcncli'a place on S.f 15 
Feb. 165?. 

' Dotc in MS. Bodl. 594 [>. la. 



i68 



WOOERS LIFE AND T/AfES. 



the derk of the Universitie, a quarter before 9 in the morning, at 
^^hal lime they begin, toll ihc two least bells at Sl Marie's-j 

March. — [Sir' Henry Hyde, brother 10 Dr. Alexander Hide after- 
wards bishop of SalisbuT)', beheaded, T., 4 Mar. 1650 (i.c. ^). His 
crime was the receiving, and acting by vcrtue of, a commission from 
Ctarles Stuart as ' King of Great Britaine France and Ireland,' being 
qualified by him as his agent to the court of the Great Mogul Turk 
with intent to destroy the irade of the Turkey company and the 
parliament's interest, not only in Constantinople but also in Mytylene, 
Anatolia, and Smyrna (in uhich place he had a commission to be 
consul). His aimi; being likewise to seize upon the Unglish mer- 
chants' goods for ihe use of the said Charles Siuart. For the effecting 
of which designe he presum'd lo discharg Sir Thomas QcndUh of the 
emUissie, being leiger tlicre for the state of F.ngland ; he procured 
audience of the Great Visier and raised great fearcs and uproars 
among tiic merchants, etc.] 

'This ycaie' Jacob a Jew opened a coffey house' at the Angel in 



' notes by Wood fa Wood 367 {6) 
* A trae copy of Sir Henry llide't speech 
OQ the teaffoM,' Lood. 1650. Wood 
6o<> (34) U * A trae copy of Sir Henry 
Hide's spcvch on tbe scaffold * by John 
ilinde, l^nd. 1650. 

* i.c. in 1650 probably; the yoir 
with Wood cndiag ilwayt oa Mar. 

'*■ 

* Dr. lIliK'inoteoDcofTce'boiuesf^e- 
Krves prioting io iu entirety : — ' The 
UiJiicju of (Innking cnffw iu public, 
prevailetl in Oxfoit] immeiliatcly i|]Kiri 
ils introditciion ioto lin^land, and con- 
tinuctl to a late period. I am told I)y 
a Tcnerabic Mend, now {Vtb. iS^g) in 
his t)2,n\ year, that he well n-inembcrs 
the lime when every ncaclcmic of any 
faibioo moned to tlie cnfTee house 
doriiif; the afternoon : Tom's, nearly 
oppoiile the ptL'sent tnatkct, being fre- 
r|uente<l hy llle nioU gity nnd e3([)CnsiTe ; 
UuntcmBn's, also iti the Higb Sticrt, 
nearly opposite tbe honse of the ptioci- 
pal of BTa>CQO«e, received the members 
of Mcrtun. All SodU, Corptis, and Oriel ,- 
Harper's, the comer boiue of the lane 
leading to Edmund hall, tfaoce iif 
Queens aod Magdalen ; Ruff's, the 
itooe bonce (Imill, Iiy the way, irut of 
tbe surplus matcruls ^m Blooheitn by 



sir John Vanborgh, vrbo built also a 
similar bouse in New Inn ilall Lone, 
now occupied by Mr. Watsh, and an- 
otlicT in bt. Aldatei, near Folly brid)^, 
pulled doM-n &oine twenty years since) 
at the comer of Holywell, being tbe 
King's Amw, used by New cutlq^, 
Hertford, nn J Wmlhnm ; ninl Mnlbon's, 
a dimiDOtiro tenement some feci t>clow 
the present street ai the aortb east 
comer of the 'I'url, was tilled from 
Trinity, and by the members of the 
nei^li hoc ling colleges. 

Il <li(es not Appear that the press took 
much or rarly notice of the new fashion. 
William Knm>cy in 1657 printed his 
Ofgatum Salulit, in wliicji hii " Exprri< 
meats of cophie and tobacco " arc much 
Iftoc! cd by sir Henry Bloont tlic traveller, 
and ilouell thclcttcrwrttcr : and then 
are ttru nihet t/pAliacs: 

1. Tlic Naitual History of Coffee, 
Thee, Cliocolnte, and Tobacco in four 
fccreral scctioni ; with a tract of elder 
and jonlpct-bemcs shewing how nsefnl 
they may he in our Coffee-honscs ; and 
al»> tlic way of mokioi; Mnm. Lood. for 
Christopher Wilkinson. 168). 4". 

1. Tlic mnnner of malctag of Coffee. 
Tea and Chocolate, as II is used in 
most pans of Europe, Asia, Ahica and 



FEB.— APRIL, lefil. 



169 



the parish of S. Peter, in ihe Kast Oxon ; and ihcre it was by 
some, who delighted in novelde, drank. When he left Oxon he sold 
ii in Old Southajny.ton buildings in Holborae neare London, and was 
living 1671. — See in 1654. 



An. Com. 1661 : 3 Car. II : < Wood aet. 19.) 

April — 'Apr. 7, M., a fine * of thirlic pound was set by the 
warden and fellowcs of McrL ColL for Mria. Wood (mother to A. W.) 
to pay by way of renewing for the housing and gardens against 
Merton Coll., and for the I'lour de lace and its appurtenances in 
S. Martin's parish, [which' was soon after paid.] 

*About llic same time the irccond impression' of the pamphlet 



America ; with their vcrtccs. Lood. for 
William Crook. 16H5. 8". 

Whilst upon this *u>)]ccl it may be 
wuttb recording, Ihkt ftom s [iriotcd 
catalogue of uni.- of the East India Com- 
paiif'i salw In I7iy, the avrrrage price 
of tea ftt that time appears to liavc been 
tevcntecD ihillin^ and iixpcnce pcx 
pound ; and that the compaiiy ncre 
aIsq importers of cliinK-wsne cops and 
sumn, which renlizctl, in large lots, 
aboat foBftcen ahlllings the tlozcn. 

The wits, however, vety soon took 
adnntnge of the novelty, as the follow- 
icig lltt of faceU.T, which may perhaps 
be niDch cnlaigod, will shew : 

t. The Maidifii's Complaint against 
Coflee: or th«Cufii-c-liousc iliscovcre*), 
bcii^cd, stormed, taken, uniylcd, and 
laid open to pnblick view, in a mcny 
eonfoetce, &c Load, for J. Jon<^s. 
1663, 4". 

a. The Cofiire>man*9 Gruiado dis- 
charged opon the Maidcn'i Complaint 
BgiiDit Coffee, in a dialogue — wherein 
la dlacof^reil wveral 9.lnin^, wonderful 
aad miraculous cvics pcrfanncd by 
CofTcv. Load, for J. Johnson. 1663. 

4'. 

3. The Character of a Coftce-hoose, 
wbereio b contained a Description of the 
TerMMit ti»nally frc^jucnting it, with 
tbrir DiscoRrsc and I-lumar%, as also Ihc 
admimble Veitocs of Coffee. Prtnled 
in the year 1665. 4^ (In vcnc.) 

4. The ('haraacr of a CofTvc-hoDse, 



with the Symptomo of a Town-wit. 
Lord, for Jonathan Edwin, 1673. fol. 

5. ColTcc-hoiucs vindicated in an- 
swer to thv late pnblishcd Character of 
ft Cnflee-hntuc. I.uiid. by J. Lock. 
1674. foL 

6. The Women's Fctitioo agoinat 
Coffee. Lond. 1674. 4^ 

7. The Man'sAnswexto the Woman's 
Petition. Lood. 1674. 4*. 

8. The School of Politicks: or the 
Humoun of a CurTec-huaw. Lond. for 
Rich. Italdwin. 1690. 4*'.* See infra 
under date March 165I. 

' Wood uoles in the margin— 'see ia 
anno 163(5)/ 1-C- P- 45 i»pra. 

* added in thellarl. MS. 

' Oxford, 1651, wcood edition: 
Wood 515 (la) ia n copy. Wood 516 
(8) is another copy which belonged to 
- Mr. Watkins, C. C, C. Oxon.' Wood 
484 (10) is another copy. The narrm* 
live portion ii ascribed to Kichanl Wat- 
kins of Ch. Ch. Dr. Blhs notes ' a very 
rare tract oa the same anbjcct cntit. " A 
declaration from Oxfonl of Anne Green, 
ft young woman that was lately and nu- 
jnstly hanged in the Castle-yord, but 
since recovered, her occk set straight, 
and her eyes fued orderiy and firmly in 
her head again," I,ond., printed t^ J. 
Clowes, 1651, 410, with a wood-cut le- 
jireficntini; the cxeculiuo and the saffcrer 
reuovcring in bed.' Dr. lUis's copy is 
ootv in the Uodleion, press-mark * UUjb 
3, J73-" 



170 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



concerning Ann Green, with the verses at the end, was published 
with its old title, viz. ' Kewes from the dead : or a true and exact 
Narration of the Miraculous Deliverance of Ann Green,* *c. At the 
end of tliis impression arc several copies of verses added, which were 
not in the first impression, among which is one ' printed under the 
name of A. Wood, beginning thus : 

* I'lc stretch ray miiK, but ttut a Terse 
Pie bang upon thy liriag hearse. 
Chime in yec wits, and thyme a knell ; 
For Death her self is lately fell ; dCc* 

Augiiflt. — [The 'year 1650 and i65i,coll. <ie- colonel) Draper, 
being Governor of Oxon, sleighted the workc(s) about the city, and 
fortififd the Castle very strong and almost impregnable — which cost 
noc smal labor, and cost (some say) to the value of 3 thousand pounds. 
But for all tliat, when tlic Scots invaded Eng(land) in the latter end 
of July and the August following, 1651 ; whether by coll. Draper's 
policy (or, as was thought, his engineer was greased in the fist) or 
some o:her l(h)ing moving him therto, he sleighted also the Castle 
wo<r)kes, and took in New Colledge for his garrison, ■plucking 
down a or 3 houses joyning to the cloister by Hart Hall, and also 
built a new fort in the middle of New Coll. Lane lo defend it and 
plucked downe Queen's Coll. wall that stood before it, and made 
great havock of their gardens laying close therby. AH which was 
done from ]\Iunday momJng <[r8 Aug.) till Thursday night <2i 
Aug.) ; for they heard that ilic King would come lo Oxon by 
Thursday or Friday night {21 or 23 Aug.) but was intercepted by 
much nine and thunder that fell on the Wednesday night ^20 Aug.) 
which made him lake his abode at Worcester' where he was in- 
countered by the F.ng(lish), Sept. O'"*'' Wcdn.) 

" Ue began to pluck downe the houses on Sunday night (17 
Aug.). He had a iroup of scholkrs, and had this imprcese for thir 
ensigncs — ' non arte icd MarU'^ 



' at the end : 53 Itnei : si^ed ' AaL 
Wood, KchoW of Men. Coll.* Hcsnte 
MS. Collections vol. UviU p. 8S attributes 
the venes In ICdward Witoil, on the 
itrengtb of a copy of tite second edition 
(i«>wA»hiii.i67J(i4).fonBcr]ybcloi3ginB 
to John Aubrey, and having the note 
' Jo, Anbrey, pnct. %-ii/.') having n paper 
with ' E. W,' giMleil ovtr ' Anl. Wood, 
■choUr of Men. Coll.* Hcnme ad- 
^-ancc* as an additional argamcnl against 



Aftlhony's aathonhip of the lines, 
* Anlhony wu no |}oei,* u if the 
(they cannot be called venea) were 
)itictry. Wood, howevt^r, it may he 
ni'ticcil, iloea not piii in a strong claim 
to the lines : ihey were only * printed 
under his nante.* 

' this passage occors on an inieileaf 
in the Almanac for Sept. 1657. 

* Charles IT cntcted Woronlef uo 
Friday, 11 Aug. 



APR/L — DEC, 1651. 



171 



Kovembor.— {John * Skipp uf Balliol CdU. died, Su., 9 Nov. 1 65 r ; 
and was buried in Magdalen parish Church in ihe north suburbs of 
Oxon. He was gcntlcman-coninioncr of the college and was buried 
in Magd. parish chancell.] 

December. — •Thomas Wood, eldest brother to A. W., died of the 
flux at Drogheda, commonly called Trcdagh, in the month of Decem- 
ber'. He was borne at Telsworth neare to Thame in Oxfordshire 
(where his father then had a farme), on the 24 May 1624 ; educated 
mostly in the free school at Thnmc under his kin!!man Mr. \V(illiani) 
Burt; was made student of Ch. Church in 1638, as I have before 
told you; and afterwards was the first, or one of the first yong 
scholars in Oxon tliat llircw off his gownc, and ran to Edgbill battle ^ 
Sec more under the yeare 1643'. At his retume thence he was 
actually created bach, of Arts among soldiers that had done service 
ai the said battle : and then his father seeing that he could not 
persuade htm from being a soldier *, he bought a horse, annes, cloalhs, 
Ac. ; set hiin up for a troper ; and got him a place to ride in the 
troop of capiainc Thomas Gardiner of Cudesdon nearc Oxon. After- 
wards he became a stout and desperat soldier ; was in several baules ; 
and besieged in divers garrisons, particularly, if I am not mistaken, 
at Basing in Hampshire ; and was made a licvtenanl of horse. When 
the warr was tcrroinatcd. and the ting's cause ulterlie vanquished, he 
return'd to liis college; was actually created Mr. of arts, an. 1647*; 
but in ihe next yeare being deeply engaged in Uic cavalicring plot, 
as I have lold you under thai yeare ' (1648), he, to avoid being taken 
and hanged for it, fled into Ireland, where finding out his quondam 
school-fcUow at Thame, called col. Henry Ingolde&bie, he became 



» note In Wowl MS, F. 4, ]>. 8fi. 
Wooal gLvefl these arms in colour: — 
* axarc on ■ cttemui between £ estoiles 
or two roM« gales seeded dt boHjeil antl 
(lipped vert.' The flower? are lowanls 
tile fee point; the alips prolonged down 
the legs of the chevron. In Mti. Kawl. 
Xj olim la^o the note nini : — ' Nov. 9, 
ifiji, Mr. .Skipp of IJaUioU Coll. died 
Rnd was bniivtl ntt Magdalen paiish 
chardi. He; boic tu his annes : — blue 
oa a chcrron or a rcscs slipped And leavd 
(irnper inter 3 ciloiles of the iccood.' 

> va the llarl. MS. this Kctence run* : 
— ' 1S51 ; TbomaitWood,ii//a/ik Wood, 
eldest brother to A. W'., dietl of the flux 
ti Droghcda comtnoni/ called Ttedagh 



to Ireland; bat the dny or month when 
1 caiuiol )Tt IcH.' On wJiich nl .% later 
dote be has oiAcd in the margin — ' be 
died after the 18 of Dec. 1651.* 

' Wood hai a marginal note : — ' see 
in the second volume of Alb. ct Fasti 
Oxou. p.* 693. 

* I.e. mpra p. 53. 

° in Ihe J-IarI.M,S. 'aoHicr' corrected 
to 'scholar'; in the 'I'anncr MS. 
'schoEai'; Wood perhaps intended to 
change ibc sentence into 'could not 
persuade him to be a scholar.' 

* Wood hoft a nurginal note :—' tee 
more there ^i. c. Ath. el Fasti, w/ mfra) 
p.' 74». 

* svpm, p. 145. 



lya 



WOOr^S UFE AND TIMES. 



a licvtcnant in hia regiment, [ancrwards ' a captaine, and, as I have 
heard, had a commiasion, a little before his death, to be a major. 
About a yeare before that lime, \\t. in] 1650, he returned for a time 
to Oxon. to lake up his arrears at Ch. Church, and to settle his other 
affaires ; at which lime being often with his mother and brethren, he 
would tell them of the most terrible assauhinpf and sloroiinjf of 
Tredagh^ wherein he himself had been engaged. He told tliem 
that 3000 at least, besides &omc women and children, were, afler the 
assaliants had taken pari, and afterwards all tlie towne, put to tlic 
sword on the 11 and 13 of Sept. 1649; at which time Sir Arthur 
Aston the governour had his brainca beat out, and his body hack'd 
and chop' d to pieces. He told them, thai when ihey were to make 
their way up to the lofts and galleries in die church and up to the 
tower' where the enimy had fled, each of the assailants would take up 
a child and uisc (it) as a buckler of defence, when ihcy ascended the 
steps, to keep themselves from being shot or braJn'd. After they had 
kil'd all in the church*, they went into the vaults underneath where 
all the flower and choicest of the women and Indies had hid them- 
seKes. One of these, a most hansomc virgin and arrai'd in cosily aitd 
gorgeous apparel, knoel'd downc lo Tho. Wood with leares and 
prayers to save her life : and being struckcn with a profound pitic ', 
took her under his arme, went with her out of the church, with 
intentions to put her over llie works and to Tel her shift for her self; 
but then a soldier perceiving his intentions, he ran his sword up her 
belly or fundament. Wiereujxjn Mr. Wood seeing her gasping, took, 
away ber money, Jewells, &c. and flung her dowiie over the works, &c. 
*In the latter end of 1680", when the parliament sate at Oxon, 
A. Wood was walking wiih Sir Henry St. Georg, Clarentius king of 
flrmes, in the school- quadrangle. Sir Henry then meeting with 
col. Henry Ingoldcsbie Ijcforc mcntion'd, and telling him who A. W. 
was, A. W. thereupon did discourse with him concerning his brother 
Thomas : and, among several things that the colonel told him, was, 
that Thomas was a good soldier, stout and ventrous ', and having an 
an of merriment, called biUTooning, his company was desired and 



' for the wonlt In Hjoarc bntckcts the 
IlarL MS. rcatli : — 'and at Icagtli a 
captain, if not major. In the )fiar licfare 
hU ileaih.' 

' Wood fio !fi) is 'Letters from 
Ireland relating lo ihc taking of Dro- 
gbcda,' Land. i64<> 

■ the Harl. MS, has ' in cfaoicbcs and 



op to the lowerj.' 

' ' chnichcs,' in the Hurl. MS. 

* 'wilb a deep Ktaonc,' in the Kail. 
JLS. 

• i.e. March iCRf. 

' ' a giioil Mtldicr imd >-cry vcotroOi,' 
in the Harl. MS. 



t>Ec. lesi — JAN. ies». 



'73 



loved by the officers of his regimeni. He told him then he was buried 
in a church ' al Tredjph answerable lo his quality, but could not tell 
him when lie died.— This Thomas Wood was a tall, proper, and 
robust man, like his father ' ; but black and swarthy, unlike in that to 
ly of his brethren, or father. 

•This ycare A. W. began to exercise his natural and insatiable 
;nie be had to miisick. He exercised bis hand on the violin ; and, 
laving a good eare to take any tune at first hearing, he could quickly 
iw it out from the violin, but not with the same tuning of strings 
bat ollicrs used. He wanlud understanding friends and money lo 
^ick him out a good master, otherwise he might have equal'd in that 
wtrumenl and in singing any person then In the Univcrsitie. He 
lad some companions that were musical, but they wanted instruction 
rss well as be. 

[This* yeare I began to exercise a natural and unsatiablc genie 
1 had to musick. I played by road ^i.e. rote), without any teacher, 
jOn the \iolln; and having an eare I could play any tune, but — you 
lost conceive — not well. William Boreman *, gemJeman commoner 
jf Pembr. Coll., of the Isle of Wight, my companion^ good at the 
jliuaU : VS'illiam Bull of Trln., gentleman commoner.] 



<ie5} : 'Wood aet. 20.) 

January. — [Jam 2*, F., the Delegates ordered an Act to be kept; 
^ftnd, T., i^ of the same month it was caused by ihcm to be proposed 
Convocation 



/ 



(1) wlicihcr ihc caps and hoods woren by Inccptoni • should be 



omitted — not granted. 

(a) whether the oath"' 'dc gradu Henrici Simeonis' taken by all 
Inceptors should be abrogated — not grattied. 

(3) whether tJie Congregation immediatly followmg the Act, with 
ttbat dispensation* therin 'de ocreis crepidis ac soccatis excundis,* 
should be omitted — granted as to the dispensation. 



J 



' ' one or the churches,' in the Hnrl. 
MS. 

' we sttpra p. 78. 

■ note ill the Ilorl. StS. The two 
persons nt ih? end of it ate prohably the 
' miiBiciil cucipnnicins ' rclcrrcd to in ttie 
pTCCoJing paiagraph. 

* WilliuD Bowunuo, B.A. Femhr. 
;3oJaa.l65|. 

* notes 111 MS. Dodl. 594 p. 13. 



• see the Laudian Coiit ef Statutu 
1636 (edit. J. Griffithi, 1888) p. 78. 

' Lattdian Code pp. 69. 73. The 
oath against aU owing Henry Sjrnieou'fl 
(l^ree was a( imknovni a»li<]tuty, tee 
Aiislcy's Muniaunta Aeadtmita p. 43a. 
It was abrogated in iHi/, sec Maxwell 
Lytc's Hirt. fniv. Oxford i. 314. 

■ see CUtk's Kce- Unir. Oxoo. 11. I 
83, SS; Laudian C^e p. 7S. 



174 



WD TIMES. 



(4) whether u.ny one is bound 10 accuse himself, as it is item'c 
libro Statutonun ' Seel, 11 $ 3 — not granltd. 

(g) that there be a reservaiion in all oaths — granttd nmpliciter. 
/ (6) that in ic-iu of names of all immov-eable feasts of popish saint 
Vbe substituted the daj-s of the respective months — tonctditur simpUcikr^ 
[Tb.', Jan. 8, i6gi (i.e. 5> atl la of the clock alt night died Mrj 
. . . Harborne of Tackley ; and was buried on the 20 day in the 
cliancell. lie married . . . Evers.J ^ 

/ (F., 9 Jan. 1651 (le. I) the Vice-chancellor (Daniel Grccnwood^f 
issued a paper setting forth thai there had been riots and dismrbances 
and that ' private meetings of religion ' had been interfered with, and 
strictly enjoining the observance of the University statutes againi 
carrying weapons. Tlus paper is now found in Wood 276 
^ no, 3 1 9.) 

March. — [James Bricknell \ of Menon Coll., answering nndcr 
a Bachelour in Lent* anno 1651 (i.e. V) was coursed by another 
scholar, but that scholar hammaring at his arguments and unable 
almost to produce them, would be ever and anon crying, 'non iia^| 



nd 

1 



sed sic, sic' 
Britkncll.J 



* Immo puio quod sic est, nam pessime aegrotat %' saith 



An. Dom. 1062 * : 4 Car. II : (Wood aet. 20.) 



I 



ApiiL — [1652^, John Russ or Rouse, M.A. senior fellow of Oriel 
Cedl^e and head keeper of iIil- Bodleian Library was buried in Oriel 
College chapel in the beginning of April — the first of all if I am not 
mistaken that was there buried.] 

[Apr.' 2t, W.. 1653; the Committee for tlic Universities 
K silenced and put downe by the parliament.] 



' Laudiaa Code p. 77- 

' note in Wood MS. F 31 fol. 70. In 
\Vood MS. E I fol. 101 are the maiiii* 
mental insert [it ions of the Hiubornes in 
Tackley churdi. 

* note ia Wood MS. E. 33 foL 35. 

' note in Wood MS. li. 3a fol. 37 : — 
' a Khotai dispnttng with anotber tem- 
pore XL they fell to hamogttuum ocd 
iuUrogtiuitm : and one being mnch 
pulled said '* If I were at home agtu I 
would never come hither agtn ".' 

* ic. argnmentam taum. 

* Wood 401 p. 159 b ii R b&llad ea- 



tilled ' England new bclI-mAn 
In^: intu all people's ears God's dieadfi 
judgements against this land and Icings 
ddtn [>rt>gno<tticntcd )>y the great cell pte 
of the saa Match 19. 1653'; it be^ns 
' Awake awske Englaad | Sweet 
England DOW awake.' Another copy of 
the tame is Wood £ 3E| no. l]6. Wood 
B. 18 (II) is 'Black Monday, or 3 full 
and exact description of tluU great 
cclIpK of ihc siui which shall bap; 
ou 3!> Mnrch 1652.' Lend. 1653. 

* note in Wood MS. E. 33. 

* oote in Wood MS^ D. 18 fot 198 b. 



H 




yAl^. — yi/LV, 1659, 

May. — [Mris ' Anne Parsons, daughter of Sir John Parsons, buried 
in All Saints commonly call'd AUhallows Church, Su., 9 May 165a, 
in the College chanccll.] 

July. — "Friday, July a, A. Wood was examin'd for the degree of 
of Arts in the natural philosophy school, by William Broune. 
I.A. of Magd. Coll., a native of Oxon. He had before aiiswer'd 
Kice under a bachclaur among the crowd in the divinity school, and 
[once, if not both the limes, under Matthew Bee, a determining 
rbacbchur of Utiiversiiic Coll. in (lie Lent-time 165^ : which M. Bee 
[vas afterwards minister of Windlebury ncarc Mister in Oxfordshire : 
'uid on the 6 of the same month he was adm. bach, of Arts. 

[July' 2, Friday, 1 was examined for my Bachelaur's degree in tf»c 
Natural Philosophy school. The person who examined me was, as I 
remember, William Rrowne of Magd. Coll., a native of Oxon.] 

{July 5, M., 1652, the Vice-chancellor (Daniel Greenwood) issned 
ta paper, threatening widi scveie punishment all who should disturb 
Ihe Act with ' humininKS and other clamorous noises.') 

[July* 6, Tuesday, I was admitted bachelor of Arts. I have no 
F certificates by me when I performed my respective exercises ; and 
Lvhether I had any I cannot tell. Sure 1 am that I answer'd twice 
lander a bachelaur' among the crowd in die Divinity school, and once 
:(if not both the times) under Itlatlhew Bee, a determing bachclaur of 
X^niversjty College, in the Lent time iCSi-] 

•July a6, Munday, and Shabinglon Wake z& it seems*; he rode in 
the company of a mimick and buffoon, called Thomas Williams ; and 
the horse of A. W. Ijcing bad, or else that he was no good rider, he 
had a fall, and put out hit> . . .' amie. When he came to Shabbington^ 
be put off his doublet and found hts arroe swcl'd and exceeding 
tender. Thomas Williams, who had been bred an apothecary, would 
needs perswade him, that his arme was not out of joynt, only bruised, 
and so applycd a cloath and oyle (o it ; yet notwithstanding this he 
could not use it, which caus'd all his mirth to be tum'd into melan- 
choly. In this condition he continued about a week there, rode to 
Thame, cat and drank, but with little comfort or rest, and at length 
came home in a most afflicted condition. 
*Affer he had been at home some dayes he was advised to go to 



' note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 86. 

* this b the entry tn the Harl. MS. 

* ICC Clark* Reg. Univ. Oxoo. IL i. 



•4- 



' as U Kens * is the ontio ob]](|aa 



(if the Tanner MS. for ' I think ' in the 
oratiu drrectn of the Hail. MS. 

* a space is left both in the IlarL and 
Tanner MS., \Voo<l having forROllBn 
wticthct it was his left cr lighi arm. 




Aug.' lo; he spoke mildly to A. W. when he look'd oa 
gave him siseet words and told him all was fver}'] wcIL 
casting his' head as^idc, Adams fastned one of his hands 
abovt a/id [the] other below llic elbow, pluck "d ilw artiic straight, and 
set iL But the jiaine being great and unexpected (because that the 
[veincs and] arteries had been shrunk) he fell into a great sown, and 
could sec nothing but green before his eyes. Adams then laid him 
upon the bed, gave him cordial^:, and put him to sleep. Afterwards 
he found himself at case, and better every day, but never before that 
time or since, knew what sowning was or is, [which without doubt is 
as bad as death], 

•Thomas Williams before mcntion'd bad an estate in land, houses, 
and money leli to him by his father; but never would follow his 
trade, onlie live a loos life and take alt advantages to do it gra/t's. 
Afterwards when A. W. came lo understand the world better, he 
found him a dcbauchcr of youth, and not fit ' to live in an Univeisitie 
among gentlemen. His usual way was, that after he had let out ^ 
money to any man, he would hang ujun him, eat and drink in his 
houae : and if he could meet with any of his acquaintance^ whose 
nature was easie, he would take him with him to cat, drink, and lodg 
on the debtor*. And to this farmer of Shabington [to whome he 
had lent money] did be go to hang upon him and take A. W. willi 
him. as he afterwards understood. 

August. — *In the latter end of Aug. or beginning of Septemb. 
A. \V. went to angle with William Staine' of Mert. coll. to Whealely 
bridge and nutted in Shotover hy the way. The day was hot and 
A. W. sitting and standing some honrc-s in (ishing be got an ague, 
came Iiome faint and dry, with the loss of an api>ctiie of eating '. It 
prov'd a quartan • ague, and an hoorc or two before it came on him 
he would be exceeding prone to vomit, and what in the well-days his 
stomach bad contracted, he would on Uie sick-day vomit it out with 



4 



' tliii ilate of the visit to tbc bonc- 
Kttcr U iiucncd Iicre from tlic Harl. 
MS., which luu ■upjilk'd alio home 
other slight intCTtiocueQtilosed in sqoare 
brackets. 

» i.c. Wood'fc The HmI. MS. luu 
'utf hod.' 

* 'nud fcsAMt Bt/ in tbc llul- MS. 



* <h»ll«nt*iaUicHuL MS. 

* 'to ^a<] oo hi« dcbter,' in the 
Hwl. MS. 

* ' •I.* in the HurJ. Ma 

* *an uifilbig/ 'SfaUK,' in tbc Uarl. 
MS. 

* • apfwUtc to cat.* Ui tlic UwL MS. 
> 'fjimrteni,' in the Hwl. MS^ 



yt/ir— OCT. 1G52. 

great wretching' and payn*. This brought his body low, but made 
him grow mucli taller : and much physiclt and slops being taken in 
the winter following, yet he tould find no remedy. At length he ■was 
advised to retire into the country to take better ayre than in Oxon, 
follow the plow, and ase what exercise be coutd there to shake the 
ague off. 

fi^S^', John Reeve and Lodovick Muggleion verie high in their 
ranting principles in August, both wiih others of the same profession 
living at Great Trinity Lane at a chandler's shop against one Mr. 
Mellis a browne baker ncare Bow Lane end^ — their canting and 
blaspheming letters sent to several ministers^ these two men call 
themselves iht two witnesses^. Reeve and Muggleton were then two 
taylors.] 

September, — [William ' Spr)*gg, steward of New Coll., somtimes 
servant to William <lMene5) lord Say, died T. the 14 Scptemb. 1652 
and was buried In New Coll. chappell. He had two sons, borne (as 
I think) at Banbury. — The chk-st, named Joshua, was chaplaj-ne, or 
had some office, under Thomas lord Fairfax and afterwards became 
fellow of Allsonlcs Coll. : and having been the gallant of the lady Say 
in the time of her husband James lord Say ', did after the death of 
the said James marry her and lived at Crayford (as I take it) in Kent, 
— The other son, named William, was a barrester of Grey's Inn and 
now (1676) lives at Dublin in Ireland.] 

October. — [6 (?) Oct* 1652, Sir Thomas Gardiner of Cudesdoa 
com. Oxon., recorder of London and the king's solhcitor, departed 
this life and was buried at . . .] 

[In the year' 165a declamations were appointed in the Natural 
Riilosophy Schoole in the place of wall-lectures. About which time one 
Best ', a Bachelor of Ball. Coll.. being to dcclaime in the tub or pew where 
those that are examined stand, began thus: — ' Florcntissimi Academic!, 
licet ego sum Diogenes in dolio, tamcn non doleo quod ita sum,' etc. 
He pretended to be verie careless of what he said, and conceived it to 



* • iMhiag,* in the HatL MS. 

' note in Wood MS. D. 18 fyl 199 b. 
' of Rev. xi. J. 

* note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. B6. 
Wood Ki»« this coal in coloni* :— 
' cbeoqny or uid mure, a fesn ennine.' 

* James Ficon sccoiod viscount Say 
died 1674. 

* note in Wood MS. F. 31 foL 73. 
' Dotcin Wood MS. E 33 fol. 34 b. 

* there U n note in M'ood MS. K. ja p. 



17, tod in Wood MS. K. 31 fol. 105. pro- 
bably referring to the Mine person : — 
' Kven &fi a hoise-mill is not a mill-hone* 
and even as " goe ere you driakc " is aot 
" drink ere yon goe " even 50 oratour 
Rest i» not the best omlor— this vrai 
made on Hcst a pirtcndcd oialor (T 
tfainke, of Ball. Cotl.).' Edward Best, 
B.A. BaU. It Oct. 1650, M.A. 33 Feb. 
165I. 



WOOERS UFE AND TIMES. 

Bui many of the seniors laughed ai him, and one flniif 

him.] 



(IQBl : Wood act. 21.) 

iry. — •Tuesday (Feb. 15) A. W. went to Cassington before 
mentfv*. - \ and because Mr. Tipping and his wife had quitted their 
quarters in that towne, he took up his quarters at the next dore, id 
the house of an honest and sufficient fanner « called FrancJa Bolter ; 
whose house tho thatched, yet he' had a very fair chamber ibercin 
wth a chirancy and a place to lay his books in. 

[Edward L)Tigen*or Balliol College died, W., 16 Feb. 165a (i.c. 
I), and was buried in Alagdalcn parisli church in the north tiuburbs 
of Oxon. He was a gentleman commoner of that college and of the 
family of L>-ngens of Sutton in Herefordshire.] 

"Feb. 31, JI., A. W. had a very sad drearoe fn his sleep. He was 
in a melancholy place, had no companion &c. 

•His body was much out of order, and on those nights, wherein he 
had his hot fit (for his cold fit would come with exireame vomiting 
about 5 or 6 at nighl) he would have disconsolate dreames, which 
would make him melancholy on the dayes following. 

•While he continued in the country, he followed the plow on hia 
well-dayes and somlinies plowed. He learnt tJicrc to ring on the 
six bells tlicn newly put up : and having had from his most tender 
yeares an ' extraordinary ravishing delight in musick, he practiced 
privately there, without the help of an instracter, to play on the 
violin. It was ihen that he sei and tunei) his' strings in fourths, and 
not in fifths according to the manner : and having a good eare and 
being ready to sing any lune upon hearing it once or twice, he would 
play them all in short lime willi the said vi-ay of tuning, which was 
never knowne before. 

[Robert Townsend ' of Balliol CoU. died, Th., 24 Feb. 165a <i.c. |> 



> thr Hirl. MS. »dds 'onto the 
ycue 1649' : tbe TtfcreBce is to p. 151 

■ ' (cnnour,' io th? H«rl. MS. 

' L «. Wood had; istbeoraliodtrecta 
of the Hxil. MS. it is ' I had.* 

* note Id Wood MS. F. 4, p. 86. 
Wood gives tbnc arniB io colour: — 
' bsrTjr of six argent and amte od a beod 
gnl» 3 loscs or, a label of i points 
%tAAK fof diffcTCDcc.' The cuUcr fonn 



of IhU note is feoad in W'ood MS. P 
at To}. 68. 

* ' a moft cxtraonlLfiaiy,' to the Harl. 
MS. 

* the TaooCT MS. has ' tonnl in 
strings,' 'in' beiDg a slip for 'bis.' 
The Hart. MS. has * toned my ttring».' 

^ Qolis in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 87. 
Wood gives tfacse arms in colours :— 
' aruTC a chevron ermine between 3 es- 
callopi argent : crest : a stag posiant 



OCT. 1662 — Af A RCJf, 1663. 

and was buried in Magdalen parish church. He was gent-commoner 
of thai colIcgc.^Onc captaine Robert Townscnd of the king's army, 
aod that bore these armes, was buried in the same church, M., 7 Nov. 

Maroh. — 'Mar. 4, F., his landlord did once perswade him to drink 
his ague away: and thereupon going to the alehouse an hourc or two 
before it was come, they set hand to fist and drank very desperatly. 
But then vomiiing al! up before it made any continuance in his 
stomach or before it got up in his head, he was forced, after he had 
spent three shillings, to lead his landlord home, notwithstanding he 
had* put in Mr. Wood's cup tobacco. This country man (a merry 
fellow, and one that pretended to wit) thought, that the ague was a 
htUe spirit or devil, thai had goi witJiln him'; and therefore when hot 
weather came, he would have him go into the water and drowne it, 
or go 10 Oxon in a boat and so shift it from him into the water and 
row hastily from it, and leave it to shark for ii self. A. W. told him 
this was a Pythagorean opinion of his; at which hard word being 
startled, he thought it was none of his', but the little devil within him 
that sent it out of his mouth, &c. In this condition he continued till 
the weather was allcr'd and * grew hotter, and then his ague and &ts 
grew less; yet when cold weather came againc it would be apt to 
return, and would have fastned on him agatne had he not prevented it 
by taking pliysick. 

•Saturday, Mar. 12, his brolhcr(s) Edward and Robert Wood, 
with Mr. Thomas Cole' steward of Merlon Coll., were wiih him to 
comfort him in his disconsolate condition ; they dined with him and 
then departed. 

[John* Saunders, Dr of Physick, provost of Oricll Col!., died 



mnic on a cuiblon parted per feac ra- 
grailctJ ^Icswid cnnine.' The earlier 
form of thift note is Wood MS. F. 31 
foL 68. 

> in tHe Hart. MS., ' he bad secretlj 
pot toboci'o ill my drlctkc.' 

■ ie. witlitn Wood. 

' i. r, of Wood's. 

• in the Hari. MS., ' ami th«n a& tlie 
weather grew hotter and liottcr, bo my 
agae aod fits grew less.' 

• ice pcdiEree on p. 180. 

• note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 8;. 
Wood gives tlie^e onns in colotifs: — 
' parted pel sberrOD sable aod asnre 3 



eIq>haRts beadt erased coatiterchaiiEcd: 
crest ; an clcptimnTs head erased argent 
{Saimdcn); impaling, sable on a cbC' 
▼ron between thnrc leopards' faces or a 
crescent sable (Wentworth).* In MS. 
UawL D. eit'm iiqo an earlier draft 
aays : — ' March ao, i^Si, being Sunday, 
the bell ntng oat for Dr. John Saunders 
provost of Onell Coll. . . . Hewas buried 
&U the tipper end of the cbappeEl and 
bore to his anncs parti per cherroo 
argent and tabic 3 elephants' heads 
erased of the fcild; impaUog, sabl« a 
chcvToo gnlcs inter 3 leopards' faoca 



N 2 



MARCH —SEPT. 1663. 



x8x 



20 March, Sunday, 165a (i.e. |), and was buried' at the upper (end) 
of the Coll. chapel under the communion table. He Tnarried . . . the 
sister of Peter Wcnlworili' of Nortliamptonsliire, DD., deane of 
Armagh in Ireland and reclor of Hasclcy in com. Oxon, by whom he 
had issu:— Etorothj, married to Sir Orlando Bridginan, Lord Keeper; 
and Elizabeth, married to Robert Pledwell of Holyrood Amney in 
com. GIduc, esq. — The said wife of Dr. Saunders died at Holyrood 
Amney about 1675, and was there buried.] 



An. Dom. 1663 



6 Car. n. 

I Oliv. protect 



I : (Wood aet. 21.) 
• i 



Jane. — [Nicholas Howson *, Mr. of Arts, laie fellow of Merton 
College, son of Dr. John Howson somlimes bishop of Durham, died 
unmarried at liis house in Grandpoole in the south suburbs of Oion 
— June 1653 ; and was buried in S. Aldaic's Church.j 

<F., 10 June, 1653, Wood bought 'Discourses* politicall and 
morall of the conveniency and justice of resen-nng some lands in 
Ireland,' etc. ; and probably also ' A map » of Ireland ' by John Wood- 
house, Lond. 1653.) 

September. — 'Afic-r he had spent the summer at Cassington in 
a loiiisli and rctir'd condition, he retum'd to Oxon ; and being advised 
by some persons *, he entertain'd a master of musick to teach him the 
usual way of playing on the violin, that is, by having every siring 
tuned 5 notes lower than ihe other going before. The master was 
Charles Griffith, one of the musllians belonging to the city of Oxon, 
whom he thought then to be a most excellent artist, but when A. VV. 
improv'd hiniscLf in iljal instrument, he found him not so. Th., 
Sept. 8; He gave him zs bd entrance, and lox quarterly'. Tliis 
person after he had cxireamly wondrcd how he could play so niany 



' 'buried with escochei>n<t,' note in 
Wood MS. E. Ji. .See Gutcb's Wood's 
Coll. and Halh, p. 135. 

■ on a «Up at p. 76 of Wood MS. 
F. 4 Wood has a note ; — ' somcbotly 
faatb told i»e that I'ctec Wcntwortli was 
son of Thomas Weotworth recorder of 
Oxford.' 

» note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 87. Wood 
^Tcs iheK arms la colours : — ' qoartcrly 
ardent and sable in the first aod 4tb a 
ptHet in the lad and 3rd a plate: in 
chief a ciesoent gvles.' In MS. Raw). 



11. oUm 1 190 Wood says : — * he bore to 
bis armcs, (jnartctly argtnt and sable 4 
TooadclU of the &eld, a crcssant for 
difTerence.* 

• Wood 510 (19). 

• Wood 510 (»o). 

• thcHarl. MS. adds, 'whom I CU- 
Eot now remember.' 

■* the Harl. MS. say* :— ' I gave him 
3f ^d eotrance, and whether aficrwarils 
I gave bim £x oc lOf qtuuteilf I have 
utterly foigotten.' 



i8> 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



tunes as he did by foarths, Mriihout a director or guide, be then taned 
his violin by fifths, and gave him insirucUcns how to proceed, leaving 
Uien a lesson with him to practice against his next comming. 

•The last yearc, after he was cntrcd into the publik library (vhlcb 
he took to be Uic happiness of his life, and into which he never entred 
without great veneration) he could do but little in it, because he vas 
entred but a litde while before his ague took him. But this yeare 
being a constant student therein he became acquainted with the places 
in the Arts library (for no farther could bachelaurs of Arts then goe) 
when; tlic books of English historic and antiquities stand. He lighted 
upon ' The Description of Leyccstcrshirc ' written by William Burton : 
and being exceedingly delighted with the performance, he did, this 
(yeare) or in the yeare following, take notes thence and make collec- 
tions from it, which ' he had lying by him in his last daycs. lie took 
great delight in reading ' The Display of Heraldry ' written by John 
GuUlim ', and in oilier books of that faculty, wTtiten by John Bosae- 
well', John Feme* &c. and cndciivour'd to draw out and trick armes 
with his pen '. And afterwards when he came to ful ycares, he per- 
ceived it washis natural genie and could not avoid it*. Heraldry, musick 



^ ' which 1 hmve layjng by me al this 
time,' in tlic Hirl. MS. 

' published in scvcnl oditiont. Load. 
1610, 1631, 1638, etc. 

' John Bosuwell's * Workei of Ar- 
moric dc%7dcd into three hookcs ' Loud. 
'597> 4t'> ■ ]ire>9-m>rlc 4" A. 33 Art. 
Dr. RnwtiDsoQ snbKqncatljr prescntetl 
u emrller editioa. Load. 1573 : prcw- 
mark 4° RawL 356. 

* JohaFcnw'i 'The blazon of gentrie' 
Lood. 1 5S6, 4I0: prMJt-maik 4''M .50 Alt. 

* AmoQg Ibe MS. papers showing 
Wood's foodn«s3 for heraldry, the 
followbc may be racntioncd : — 

Wood MS. D. 7 (3), O. C. S.nai :— 
'CoUetlion* from the " Survey of 
Devoosbire" wtittcn by . . . Risdon, 
whcfeooto are aiuicjccd (notes about) 
the umei of the gentry, espedally of 
the anndeDt (families), of Dcranshire 
pfr me Am. WixhIc Oioo. a. r«. ifigS.' 

Wocxl MS. D. 7 (^). O. C 8fS3 :— 
* Arms ajid marriages of the gentry of 
Oxfordshire ftom kJchard Lee's 1574 
Tisttatloo'; li has the cote 'Mar. to, 
i6j|, Antooiiiis i M'Aod, Oxon, me 
po«uiie[.' 



Wood MS. D. 14, 0. C 8548:— 
'Richard Lec't 1^74 Visitatioa of Ox- 
fordibirc.' 

Wood MS. C. 6, O. C. 8539 :-St. 
Loyft Koyveton't letter to Sir Robert 
Cotton pviiiE ' the dcscrnl of the lines 
family from Eustace carl of Rnllen.' 

Wood MS. C. 9. O. C. 8549 :— coats 
of arms coloured by hand. 

Wood MS. R a, O. C. 8573:— 
■John Windsor's [hctald, 11S19} I'rotes- 
tatto Magnalum An;;!iae jS Edw. I 
(1300),' with bcautifatly drawn copies 
of acali. 

Wood MS. B. 8. O. C. 8579 :— ootcs 
of malt<^rs of heraldry, with drawiogs 
coloured by hand. 

Wood MS. F. 4, 0. C. 84156:— lijt of 
persons buried at Oxford 1643-1688, 
with numcrons coat* of arms drawn aad 
coloured by band. 

Among the printed boolcs showing 
the snmc fotidncn may be mentioned : 
— Wood 436, ' la devise des anncs ' etc., 
the i;6 conta of arms in which bav« 
been coloured by lund. 

' 'it,' in the Harl. MS.; 'them,' In 
the Tanner MS. 



SEPT.— OCT. 1658. 



"83 



and painting did so much crowd upon hiro that he could not avoid 
them ; and could never give a reason why he should delight in those 
studies more than in others, so prevalent was nature, mix'd with a 
generosity of inJnd and a haired to all that w-as servile, sneaking, or 
advanlagious for lucre sake. — But his brotlier Edward Wood was 
much against these studies, and advised him to enter on those thai 
were beneHciat, as his mother did. He had then a gentile com- 
panion of tlve same Coll. (J. W.) who delighted in vertuous studies as 
he did, and would walk several times with him in shady recesses and 
retired walkes, to each others content; but the same J. W.* being a 
gent, of a good descent and an heir lo an estate of 700//. per an. at 
least, he went afterwards to London, mixed himself with idle company 
that flattcr'd and admired him, and at length debach'd him : which did 
not a little trouble A. W. 

Ootober. — [M., 10 OcU= 1653, Maihew Jell>'man was elected 
and swome register before us, jusdces of the Peace for the city of 
Oxford, whose names are here under wriltt-n, for five parishes viz., 
Wane's, AUsaints, Peter's in the East, Michaell and S. John's, being 
tinitcd into one, at the gcncrall sessions of the peace held for the said 
city at the Gildhall within the luid city on Thursday next after the 
feast of Saint Michael the archangel anno 1653 aforesaid by vertue of 
an Act of Parliament intituted An Act touching marriages and the 
registering of them as also touching births and burialls. In testimony 
wherof wee have here set our hands : — 

Thomas Williams. Thomas Berry.] 

[John ' Holt, gentleman-commoner of BaJliol College, died, Su., 
33 Oct 1653, and was buried in Magdalen parish chmch. The 
occasion of his death was this: — comming on horsback from Hcdlng- 
ton ncare Oxon, met him in the way called Smallman's cross, one 
Thomas Pelham, Mr. of Arts and fellow of New Coll. (somtimes a 



* John Wamronl, heir to Ettmund 
Wirnfortl of Scvcnhwnpton. Dr. Bllsi 
ujTi [bit the lands of this hamlet exceed 
>ooo acres and were fur ccntmici the 
propeilj' of [be Wamfoids. See tn/ra 
under date 6 June 1&63. 

' Hole to Wood's tegiEter of S. JoliB 
Bapttst'i pah»h (Mfi. Kawl. B. ^oja). 
Wood addi : — ' note that by vertue of 
the said Act was a rci^ter in velloine 
made foi the said &vc parkbcs, and 
coatiDacd by the said JcIlymNn till 
1660, bot *o imperfectly that ia those 



7 ycarcs vit from 1653 to lG'60 were 
hardly 10 names in tlut part of it bc- 
loDgiDf; to ist. John Bajit parish at that 
time whcD 'twas taken 10 pieces and 5. 
Jolut Dapt. part sumndred tato my 
baiuls. I have transmitted all the names 
tbcrin into this registet — ita teslor, 
Antooius i Wood.' 

■ note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 88. 
Wood gives these amu in colours:— 
'aturelwo bars or, ia chief & GTocs pattc« 
fitcbre vi tbe last \ a crescent or for 
diffatooc.' 



i84 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



captaJne in the parliament army) : both whom struggling for the way, 
Felham uiihorb'd him, so lluit his horse Liampling on his breast and 
belly, died about 3 or 4 dayea after his wounds. This John HuU was 
of the family of Holts of Aston by Brimicham in com. Warw.; uncle, 
as 'us said, of Charls Holt lately Mr. of Arts of M.igd. CotL Oxnn,, 
who became a baronet upon the death of his father (Sir Robert Holt, 
3 Oct.) 1679.] 

[Oct. 23 ', 1653, Mr. Holi of BallioU Coll. departed this life, being 
on Sunday ait 3 of ihc clock in the morning. This Holt upon a 
frollick had been merry at HcJdingion neare Oxon, and coming home 
mctt one Pelham a Ma.ster of Arts and fellow of New Coll.; who 
striving for the way about Smallman's Cross, was unhorsed by 
Pellhara, soc that when he was downe under his horse the horse trodd 
upon his belly and brest — which suddenly after was the death of him. 
He bore to his amies ; — • blue, 2 barrcs or, a cross paid fitch and a 
cressant in chcif for a difference or.' He was a Warwickshire man.] 

IfQvember. — *Nov.; his kinsman Charnel Pettie, esq, an old 
puritan, and an honest and quiet man, became high-sherriff' of 
Oxfordshire. His estate was at Tetsworth and elsewhere, bat lived 
now at Sloke-Lyne neare to Bister, the inheritance of his daughter's 
son, named Ralph Holt, who being a minor, llie said Charnel Pettie 
was his guardian. 

('A* relation of the lale accident in the New Exchange, T., ai 
Nov. i653.> 

December. — [Dec.* 13, T., John Howe, steward of C. C. Coll., 
died; and was buried in the south cloyster there — his will being to be 
buried in the worst of places.] 

[Dec' 29, Th., 1653, (he lady Ursula Whorwood, the gcnerall 
heire of Brome of Halton com. Oxon., departed this life and was 
buried at Halton aforesaid. Shee was wife to Sir Thomas.] 



[Gnat Tom' of Osncy is sis foot' in his diameter, which is in 
composse 18 feet — probatura. Dr. (William) Tresham* baptized 



' note in Wood MS. F. 31 fo!. 7 a. 

* »ee Dflvetiport's * Oxfordshire : 
Ix>rds Lieutenant, Higb Sheriffs, etc.' 
Oxford, iSSS. p. 68. 

' Wood 365 (i>; : ft MS. account in 
Wood's hand, copied. I tnppoK, from 
a printed paper or from ft uewjifjapcr. 

* note in Wood M.S. E. 3.V 

* note in MS. Rnwl. D. elim 1290. 



* note in Wood MS. D. iS fol. 144 
no. 19 ; Wood notes ' sec »\%o in Bale'* 
Pageant of Fafts of bells christened.' 

' Wood note» :— ' i. e. a yards ; and 
MM doth bell DutiHone ftt CanierbnTy «• 
Dr. (Fnncii) Godwin jsith in the Life 
of ftTchirinhop Chichljr.* 

• tre Clark'i Wood's City of Oxford 
ii. %n, %%\. 



OCT. XW^ — MAY, 1664. 



585 



this bcU by ihc name of <Maiy>, for joy of queen Marie's raigne as 
Dr. (Laurence) Humphrey saith in Judts lift parte 3* fol. 81 ; and 
hearing him ring when Juell was with him about oUicr buisncss he 
burst out into these words : — ' O bellam ct suavem harnioniam I O 
pulchram M,tri.iml ut sonat musicc, uc linniL melodice, ut placet 
ouribus mirifice ! ' The inscription that was upon this bell when he 
was cast about the yeare 1C53 was this :^ 

'In Thome laude, resoDO Bim Bom sine fraode/ 

which was formerly put on by a monk of Osncy. But the tnscriptioii 
which was put on then when it was cast are some English verses 
made by Mr. . . . Godolphin, a student there. 

Inscription on bell Edward at Westminster, London, 

'Tertius aptAviC me rex E^waidque vocavlt 
Edwudt decon: sancli sicacntor nt hone ' ; 

ii was made for a clock bell by Edward III; it hath noe whele 
nor clapper; it is 18 foot in compass about.] 

[i'^53 'f Francis Osbourne, author of tlie Advice to a Son, did run 
wllli and truckle to the limes in Oliver's raigne, and accepted of petty 
offices under him. (He was) one of ihe seven for the countic and 
dty of Oxon that was a judge as to all prisons and persons com- 
mitted to any prisons in comiutu vel civitate Oxon 1653.] 



(166": Wood aet 22.) 

January.— [Jan.' 26, Th., 1653 (i.e. J) Mr. Thomas Osballcston 
of Cbaddington com. Oxon departed this life. He bore to his armes 
— * quarterly argent and sable, four leopards' faces counterchanged of 
the feild.'] 



Axu Dom. 1664: 



{ i S^v °;ot. } ■■ (^oo" «"■ ''=^> 



May.^[i654", May, a plague in England, particularly at Chester | 
and iherfore the coumie court that used to be kept at Chester was 
by ordinance of pacliament kept at Norihwych. The phanaticks use 
to say that king James and king Charles I brought the plague with 



' note ID Wood MS. D. 18 fol. aoob. 
' note ill Wood MS. F. 31 fol. 70. 



* oou in Wood MS. V>. 18 fol. 101. 



i8ff 



IVOOL^S UFE AND TIMES. 



them when they were first crown'd. The cavaliers do now «ay that 
Cromwell did the like when he berainc Protector.') 

Juno.^[June^ 30, F., 1654, Mr. .. . Loggin, of Idbury com. 
Oxen, tlcpartcd this life.] 

July.— "July 25, T Hussey and . . . Peck, two gentlemen 

that were lately officers in the king's army, were hanged in the 
Castlc-)-ard in Oxon to the great reluclancy of ihe generous royallists 
then living in Oxon. They were out of commission and employ 
{and) had no money to maintain tlicm, which made them rob on the 
high-way. After a tedious imprisonment in the jayle at Oxon tliey 
were condemn'd to dye by that inveterate enimy to the royal partie' 
John Gl>Tm, sergeant at law, who lliis )'eare went Oxford circuit. 
Hussey was the eldest of the Iwo, had rccci-vcd Bome marks of 
honour" in his face, and no doubt in his body also, and died penitent. 
Peck, who was yonger, was proper, robust, and seemed to be a stout 
man. He died resolutely, and not so penitent as Hussey. As soon 
as they were cut downe, they were carried away by some royallista, 
and Hussey was on the same day at night buried by thc-m in the 
church of S. Peter in the Baylic. This was the first or second 
execution that A. W. ever saw, and therefore it struck a great terror 
into him to the disturbance of his studies and thoughts. They were 
exceedingly pittied by all men, etc 

Auguat. — 'Aug. 10, Th., A. W.* was examined for the degree of 
master of Arts by William Bull of Trinity, afterwards fellow of All- 
souls, CoU. The other examiners were Gcorg Wcldon of Magd. Coll. 
and John Whitehead of Exeter Coll. who examined the rest of the 
class. He" had certificats by him for the performance of other 
lectures, but they are imbezeld and lost. 



* DOte io MS. Rawl. D. elim I J 90. 

■ iD MS. Rawl. D. eiim 1390 Wood 
bu a tow : — ' These 4 vctscs wot put 
out of the poem callled Hudibfos nhca 
it wax ta \x liccnutl fur the pichs — 
** Did not the learacd Gljmn ksd 
MayDftrd 

TomaicefoodiBbjecti traytors itnyn 
ttArd? 

Was not the king Ijjt procIiinatioD 

IJccUr'd a rebel! o're the nation?" 
Thai lludibrtu la the originall copie 
bot duhed out b)r the liceasei for fcare 
of giving offcsceto Glynn and Maynard 
then living.' 

' in his rcsccnslon of the Harl. MS., 



Wood wrote *TaloBr' oi*r 'hononr' 
of the original draft as an alternative ; 
he has retained 'honour ' io the Tanner 
MS. 

'■ in the Ilatl. MS. this mos :— ' Iirai 
examined im the degree of MaAu, In 
tfat; Nalcrn] Philosopfajr School, by 
William Bull of Tiiiiity Coll.* 

* in the Harl. MS. this nini :— ' I 
ha\'e a etrtificatc of this examination by 
me ; bat no certiAcate of any other 
exercises performed for the taid d^ree, 
at being lost or Imbecil'd.' This re- 
mark IS made to account fur the absence 
of eauiea of the date of these other 
exercises. 



MAV — NOKieSA. 



187 



[Aug. 29 \ T., 1654, Convocation acceded to a request that John 

jSelden of the Inner Temple might borrow out of the lilirary from the 

imnber of those MSS. given by William (Herbert) carl of Pembroke, 

I'Sir Thomas Roe, and Sir Kenelm Digby: conditionally that he 

borrow but three at a time and give security of loo/t'. to restore them 

in a yeare's time.] >. 

Hovember.— [18 Nov.', S., 1654, Dr. (Gerard) Langbone, pro- 
vice-chancellor, told Convocation that the faculty of Law liad been 
languishing for some years and all but dead, The doctors of Law 
resident in London and the law students in Cambridge had sent 
petitions to Parliament. Fifty years ago Oxford had done the same. 
A petition to Parliament was then read and approved of: — 

'TothcpuHamcnt ofthc commocwcflllh of EagUod, the humble petition of tbe 
Univenitj of O«on abmrctb that your pctitiontrrs uncl<:Tst»iiillng that ont of your 
pioiu tncliaotiotis towards the Kdnocemcnt of the public good yoa bavc been 
plraud to tftktf into your considentioo ft petition presented by the duclors of the 
CiviU Law xtsiding in London wee are emboldned to adde our humble requcata for 
Mime cncouiagemcnt Co that profe^unn, being one of the priiicipttll parts of Learn- 
ing for whicti this Umrctsity tuitb been antiently famou und where there is ftiU a 
Lpublic profes&or, Doctor of that faculty, who is obliged to rend and bold public 
dispotatiou in the same, and where teTcrall colleges by the statutes of their 
respective founders are bound to have lupine of their soc'clics to lie ntudents and 
gradoats to that Lxm. Which as it is a dittioct body from the Cacon Law wcc 
I humbly conceire to lie \ery Kilable to tlic preseol govemmcnt aixil a profesfiJon of 
[ much Qse and poblic coocenuncat u well for forraigne commerce and Dcgodations 
' abioad being generally received and practi&ed in other nations as alto for many 
qacstiona debates and decuioca Bt to be knowne and made use of in this nation not 
lonlic in causes maritime but also in causes malrimani&ll and tcslimcntary and 
others the cognisance whcrof hath formerly been held proper for and allowed to 
persons of that profession. Which if in your wisdomes yoo shall thick (it to restote, 
it would be a great encoanigeittent to all students of that faculty in Ibis place to 
endeavour to enable themselves by their studies here to become hereafter seiviceable 
to the commonwealth in those aflaircs. — Whidi your petitioners shall acknowledge 
■s a reall testimony of your care and respect to learning and shall be obliged to 
pray for a happy incceu upon all your tmdertakings.' 

ll seems by this petition that the Civil Law was put downe and that 
the University presented this for the restauration of it. Quaere when 
this parliament u-as dissolved * and what they did in this buisness.] ^ 

[After* this the vice-chancellor told the Convocation that the 
lord Whiiiock', one of the keepers of the Great Seale, lately re- 



* note In MS. Bodl. 594 p. 14; ibid. 
I y. 16 Wood has tranicribed (from Reg. 
'CoQTOC T. fol, 351) the exact words of 

thedeaee. 

* note in MS. DodL 594 p. 14. 



* it act Sa. $ Sept. 1654 and broke 
sp, M., aa Jan. t6i;{. 

* note in MS. Bodl. $94 p. 15 : in Uw 
Mme CooTocation, S., 18 Nov. 1654. 

* Bulatrode W hillock. 



]88 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



turaed from his embassy into SwccdJand, had given certatne cotnes 
to Uie University wiicrof one was gold and another silver; and that 
he and the lord Widdrington ', another keeper of the Great Seal, 
had done much in the present parliament by many perswasions *ne 
capicia ilia diininutio", qua altero burgensi parliamcntario excidisse 
videbanlur, Academiis, cum aliis minorum gentium burgis el civita- 
tibus, communis esset.' Whcrforc it being thought requisit to 
renirne thanks, the Orator drew up iwo letters :— that to the lord 
Whitlock was dated 6 KaJ. Dec. (Su., 26 Nov.) 1654, beginning 
thus — ' Honoratissime domine, muniflccntiae vestrae, qua nos ultro 
occupasti, reverenter occurrimus,' etc. ; tluit to the lord Widdringion 
is of the same date and begins ' Honoraiissimc domine, percnni grati- 
tudinis et obsequii debito togatam gentem libi addixisti,' etc.] 

December. — [Joshua* Hoylc*, D.D., the king's professor of 
Divinity and master or head of University Coll., died *, W., 6 Dec. 
1654, unmarried; and was buried in the old chappcll belonging to 
that College, whirh chappell was pulled downe anno 1668. See 
more of him in ' llisi. et Aniiq. Univcrs. Oxon.' edit 1674, lib. 2 p. 
373 col. I. 

Elizabeth ", the wife of Henry Wilkinson, D.D., and principal! of 
Magdalen Hall, died at her houhC ncare Magd. Hall^ F., 8 Deccmb. 
1654 act 41 ; and was buried in the clianccll of Great ISUkon 
Church ' in com. Oxon by the grave of her husband's uncle of whom 
before, pag. (161). She was a Gifford of Halsbury in Devon.] 



•Cirques Jobson. a Jew and Jacobite*, borne neare Mount- 
Libanus, sold coffcy in Oxon in an house between Edmund hall and 
,^Quecn Coll. corner. See in tlie yeare(s) 1650 and 1655*. 



' Sir Thomas Widdrbgton. 

' the writ iuucd in June i6£.| to the 
University tlire«teci iJie choice of only 
coc bargcss for the paiLiamnit which 
was to rrcct, So., 5 ScpL j sec Cutch's 
Wood'* latti p. 193. 

■ notes b Wood MS. F. 4, p. 88. 

• Wood gives these airoi : — 'azGK a 
cro» patunce between five mActlcts or 
{UnivereityCollegf) : ini[>almg, argent, 
on « fcss (nnirc) between 3 mnilets 
(Mble), an cp<n book . . .' 

* in the earlier draft in MS. Raw]. D. 
«/iM 1390,11 is said:— 'bcwu Taken sick 



as he was preaching att St. Marie'i* 

• Wood gives ia colour these arms : 
' — ' gales, m fess voir, in chief a snicoro in 
full course or beneath a cicftt-ent with a 
mullet on each aide of the lasr, vrithio a 
boidure engrailed or (Wilkinson); im- 
palinf^ sable 3 ftisills conjoined in fesa 
eimine {CJifford) ; crtst, a tiEer's head 
erafied or, iti the mooch a wing argent.' 

' her inscriptiiHi there i» fouriO in 
Wood MS. E. I fol. aSi b. 

• 'Jacobite' was ihc Dame given to 
the monophysite Cbristiaiis of S^ria. 

• i6s( ud i65|. 



ATor.— /?rcies4. 



189 



[CoBey'i which had been drank by some persons in Oxon 1650, 
was this yeast publickly sold at or ncare the Angel witlitn the east 
gate of Oxon ; as also chocolaic, by an outlandcr or a jew.] 

•By his sedulous and close studying in tlic publick library, and by 
conversirg with bonks not used by the vulgar students, especially 
MSS., he was taken notice of by Mr. Thomas Barlow the Head- 
keeper of the said library ; who began thereupon to express some 
kindness' towards him, with the offering his assisting hand. 

['Momus' Klencticus' was made on several persons of llie Univer- 
sity of Oxon who bad written verses on tJie peace made between 
Oliwr, Lord Protector of England, and the common wealth thereof 
and the Slates of Holland, which verses were put into a book entit. 
' Musarum * Oxoniensium 'E.VAlo#opiA : sive ob foedera auspictis 
screnissimi Oliverl,' etc; Oxon 1654 in 410.] 

"A. W. having by this time obtain'd proficiency in musick, he and 
his companions ^ were not without silly frolicks, not now to be main- 
tained. 

[Having* by this time got some musical acquainunce, a frolick by 
all meancs must be taken by us; and what should it be, but to 
disguise our selves in poor habits, and like conlry fidlers scrape for 
our livings? Farringdon fair this yeare M'as the place designed 
to go to : and all of us (Hvc in number) lodging in a house 
in the middle rew in Magd. parish, belonging to one Gregory a 
chandler, wee sate^ out very early the next morning, and calling Srst 
on Mr. Th^omas) Latton's house at Kingnton Bakepuze, wee bid 



* from tlK HarL MS. Sec iit/ra p. 
aoi, note. 

• Wood 36+ f 1) ' A letter of adyioc 
from a secluded membrr of tbe Houie 
of Commons ta TbumoA loid Faitf&s,' 
1649. ii probibljr a giit from Barlow to 
Worn], bnt when given u Diiknown. It 
has (he autograph ' liber T. K. e ColL 
Keg. Oun.' Wood MS. F. 31 fol. a 1 1 
b a paper of notes addresMd ' To my 
vcTT loving frend and kimman Mr. John 
Greavci tubwatdeo of Merton Colledj; 
(or in bis absence to the tcoior fellow 
there) in Oxford ' ; and lias this noleby 
Wood ' ThU paper I had of Mr. Thomas 
Barlow tbc librarj' keeper anao 1659; 
'tis la tbe huidwritLog of Dr ?etcr 
Tvmcr — A. Wood.* 

' pibliibed in i6.;4. Tbe note above 
uby Wood in bUoop)' (Wood 515 uo. 



13). In the tame place is another note, 
not by Wood, ' Momni Elencticu sap' 
poMd to be vrritten by Thomas Ireland 
of Ch. Cb.' Wood baa marginal notes 
of the oamca alluded to in the piece. 

* Wood's copy ii Wood 4S4 (4) ; 
Wood bu fiUed up the ioitials of the 
contTibntors. 

* in tbe mirgin Wood has noted ' W. 
Bnll : E. U. ; J. T. ; G. M.'— the initials 
of these companions : see tbe next 
paiagrapb. 

* this paragraph is from a slip in tbe 
Hatl. MS., fol. 41. It gives an uo> 
TescTvcd account of tbc frolics altad«d 
to in tile preceding paragraph. Wood 
has written on it the direction ;— ' al the 
latter end of 1654.' 

' a klip for ' icl' 



T90 



WOOl^S UFE AND TIMES. 



/ 



him good morrow by 2 or 3 tunes. — He came in the hall among us, 
listncd to our musick, gave us money, and ordered drink to <bc) 
carried to us. After wee had done wiUi him, wee retired to the in(n> 
standing on the road going to Faningdon, dined there, and afler 
dinner wee were enlertain'd by some of the neighbours, who danced 
(as I remember) in the green, gave us some money ami victualls, and 
I think wee returned very late that e\ening to Oxen. The names of 
those in this exploit were, myself and William Hull before menliond, 
who played on the violins ; Edmund Gregorie, B.A. and gent. com. of 
Mert. ColL, who playd on the bass viol; John Trap of Trinity, on 
tlie cilernc ; and Gcorg Mason of the said Coll., on another wycr 
instrument, but could do nothing. — Soon after wee took another 
voyage northft-ard, called at Hampton Poyle, play'd at Mr. West's 
house, had some money, but more drink.— Afterwards wee went 
(I think) to Kidiinglon, got somthing there, returad in the evening, 
and certain soldiers overtaking us, ihey by force made us play in the 
open fcild and then left us without giving a penny. Most of my com- 
panions would afterwards glory in this, but I was ashamd, and could 
never endure to hear of it.] 

[This simple pamphlet S containing a relation of the sufferings of 
certaine Quakers done by Oxford scholars, then under the govcrnraeDt 
of Presbyterians and Independents, was pubiislied 1654 in ilic raigne 
of Oliver. Some, but not all, tilings in this pamphlet are true. 

The Quakers came lirst to Oxon in that year (1654) and had 
their meetings in an old stone-house, almost opposite to the common 
gate of New Inne (in which house Richard Beatrice', chirurgian and 
Quaker, then lived), as they journied from the north parts of Kngland 
to London. The said Richard Balrice, one of the chief Quakers ia 
Oxon, lived to the time of King James II.j 



' notes by Wood in his copy. Wood 
515(14)- TKc pumphlet bc^u'Hcre 
followcth ft tmc rclalioa of the nfTcr- 
]ngt ofQoxkctsby icfaolajsuid proctors 
ofO«fonl.' Other paniplilcts ijwur<l by 
the Qoalccts al Oifotd may be noted 
'htm, Ai found in tbc Wood Collection : 
—Wood 515 (15) Richaid Hubber- 
tfaorne'i ' A tmc testimony of the ical 
of Oxford piofcssors (of tdigioQ) and 
Vaivenity men,' 1654 ; Wood 515 (17) 
Margaret Greenway't ' A lamentation 
agaio-U the profeatiag priest and people 
ol Oxford and to all to tbc cages of aa- 



cleao birds called Colleges,* pttblbhcd 
anno 165; 'or tbereabooti.* Wood 
515 (13' O«orec Bistiop'i 'A tender 
risiution of love to both tbc Unirenitiei,' 
I^nd. 1A60. In this last Wood hat a 
note lo this effect: — 'The "Tender 
visiution of Io?c " I oiicc communicated 
to Dr. Thomas Barlovr who upon bia 
perusal of it told me (that) by the 
quotations and Tarioui readings therein 
it could not be written by a mechanical 
Quaker but rather by a popish lednccr 
or a Jetnit.' 
* Ricbmid Belterii. 



DEC. 1664 — FEB. 1666. 



191 



[Thai' Oxon this yeare (1654), in the lime of autumn, was 
pestered wilh the northern Quakers, of whom Georg Fox was chcif, 
so that whcras wee had a mcedng of the Quakers verie rarely in anno 
i*a3i or scarcely at all, now wee had them constantly in the lane 
called the Scaven Deadly Sins. — I beleive in 1654, in the beginning 
of the yeare, the first Quakers came. — Georg Fox saith that the 
Quakers moved southward from the north, 1654, and I think ihey 
came to Oxon that yeare and had soicmne meetings iherc in an old 
stone-house against New (Inn), see my pamphlet of their abuses by 
scholars among 'Oxford papers.' Sec Hubbcrthorn's' book of Quakers 
and another Utile pamphlet * among my Oxford papers.] 



> 



(165^ : Wood a«t. 23.) 

February.— [Thomas Darrell*. Mr. of Arts and feDow of All- 
soules College, died in tlie house of Thomas Jackson an apothecary, 
T., 20 Feb. i<)5j; and was buried in that College chappell. He n-as 
brother to Paul Darrell, now living in St. Giles parish Oxon ; and to 
Dr. Walter Darrell*, somtimes of Ch. Ch. now archdeacon and 
prebend of Winchester ; also lo . . . the wife of Charles HoUoway 
Serjeant at law, etc.— All the children of Walter Darrell or Dayrell of 
Abcndon in Berks, councellour at law. 

[W.*, 21 Feb. 1654 <ix. J), Mr. John Harboum of Tackly died at 
Cassenton and was buried at Tackly by his father. He married to 
his second wife a RatclifTe. Look more of his father in Januar. 
<i65i.) 

[Kdmund Napier', esq. of Halyweli in the north suburbs of Oxon, 
died, M., 36 Febr. 1654 (i.e. |) actat. 75; and was buried in the 



* notconasliptt'p. Ioo$3'»(ro8]) 
of Wood MS. F. I. 

* i-c. Vf'oodsij (15). 

* oue of thou: dted Ln note I p. 190. 

* nole in Wuod M.S. F. 4, p. 89. 
' Mr. Dorrcll of A[ls«tilrs tiictl mtl Sam. 
Jacksoa's,' in ibc earlier form of the 
note in Wood MS. F. 31 fol.68. Wood 
^vct thii coat in coloun : — 'argent 00 
3 bart lable six cinqDcfotlB of the licld 
lhre« two and ooe; in chief a mullet 
uble fur a difTetencc.' 

* Walter T>'ayicll, D.D, died 19 
March. i684,«eel)itinKnptionin Wood 
MS, D. 11(6). 



* note in Wood MS. F. 31 fol. S8. 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 89. 
Wood gives tliis coat in colours: — 
' argenl n ultire engrailed giiles, between 
4 roses of the sccoml seeded or tiarbed 
vcTl(Nap(er) ; impaling, ainrc a Mltire 
wavy ermine ^Waieemao)." In Wood 
373 ('4) )■ )U) aiiiuioin to ' Mr. Nappcr, 
a Catholick and now an inbabilanC lo 
Ilollowell in Oxford Jan. 7, 1641 ' 
(L e. i). on which Wood notes 'Ed- 
mund Napier of Halyweli.' Sec his 
epitaph in Wood MS. F. 19 A. fol. 
355"- 



194 



WOOIfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



chancell of Hal}'veI1 church nearc the grave of his father. He 
married Joyce, sister to Edward Wakeman of Bcckford com. GIouc. ; 
but she dj-ed severall yeares before her husband, and was (as I think) 
buried in Halywell chancell. — They had tssae, i, Edward, obitt 
coclcbs; z, William, a Franciscan fryer of S. Omers and afterwards 
of Doway; 3, Gcorg, who married and was heir to the estate; 4, 
Francis, coeleba ; 5, Kdmund, a schoolmaster in i^tagdalcn parish 
Oxon ; 6, Charles, a Francisc.in of Doway ; 7, Ursula, married to 
Henry Chaloner of Sieple-Claydon in Bucks (half-broiher to Thomas 
and Fredrick Chaloner those eminent Cromwellians).] 

[TiroKAS Napier ('p. 193), m. Maiy Collins, daughter 



of Tcmjtlo Cowley Dear 
Oxford. He died 1664 

Mid was baricd in St 

church, Worceater. 



of ... CoUioft of Cuwlcy. 



TlioinAsXapicr, m. aVorkshiK William Nftpder, a. Porothy Nftpier, m. ... Croftby, 



a cullonrll io 
Fiaacc 



wumui. ImcbcUiirantl a cnplaia 

ia France, was a commoner of 
Ch, Ch. 16.^7, del. I a, or chomtcr. 



paretin of 

ID com. 
Glouc 



... Napier, now 

(1676) B capuine 

in the kinjf of 

France his lervice. 



Francis Napier, 
in the kiiie *>f 
Fnncc \m scrvioe 
anno tfi7<S. 



I 

Rowland Crosby, 

a Benedictloc 

monk. 



William CnMby, 
a Jetait.] 



March. — [165^; the* Anabaptists being much discontented at 
Oliver's proceedings in making himself 'Protector* ami aiming at 
monarchy (to which aJwaics he before pretended to be an cnimy), and 
therefore {he) had cashired some of the activst men of that party^ 
the cavaliers thereupon took opponunily to joyne with them to pluck 
him downe. They had several meetings and caballs and at length 
appointed that insurrections should be made in severall counties, viz. 
Merioniilishirc, Nottinghamshire, Shrewsbury. But their plots Iwing 
underhand betrayed by one . . . M.anning, belonging to King Charles 
II beyond the sea, iheir risings were nipt in the beginning. How- 
ever, the western association thought themselves in honor engaged to 
rise on the very day which they had agreed uj>on with one another in 
the other parts and bad nouficd it to the king who was then removed 
from Colen and absconded himself ncare to the sea cost to be ready 
to pass over into England upon the first success of the affaire. Upon 
Uie XII of March being Munday (very early in the mom) a party of 



» note in Wood 367 (iJ) 'The Trial! of col. Jobn PcnnidticMJc; 1655. 



MARCH^ 1666. 



195 



200 horse, under the command of Sir Joseph Wagstaff (fonnerly a 
lievtenant colonell in the parliament ;irmy in the licgirining of (lie war, 
but revolted afterwards to the king who made him a colonell), col. 
John Pcnruddock, and Jlr. Hugh Grove, entred into ihe city of 
Salisbury — at wliich time ihc judjjcs, (ilciiry) Rolle and (Robert) 
Nicholas, were then in dr{c)uit — and veiie early in the morning 
seized upon all the horses of tlie judges sherriffs lawyers gentlemen 
and others, and would have forced Mr. John Dove the High SherrifF 
to proclairae King Charles II but he refused it. Afterwards having 
increased their number to 400 tiicy departed and marched 10 
Blandford where Penruddock himself prot;laim'd llic king in ilie 
market-place and so marched westward to try what could be done in 
Devon and Cornwall. But ht-ing pursurd at some distance by some 
of Oliver's partie, many of his men slunk away ; so tliat his forces 
being reduced to 100, reached without sleep or hardly baiting to 
South Moullon in Devon, hoping at worst to gel away by sea. But 
that night, 15 March (Thursday), at 10 of the clock Uieir quarters 
were beaten up by captain Union Croke, some of whose men were 
wounded from the windows. Penruddock's men disputed It hotly and 
kept ofT Croke so much that they made articles with him for life — 
wliich he afterwards denied. Sir Joseph Wagstaff, the colonel, who 
sliould have been major general of all these western cavaliers, escaped 
and got away by sea. Commanders of these cavaliers besides 
Wagstaff and Penruddock ' were coll. Richard Bowl, major Henry 
Clark, capt. Hugh Crofis, co!. . . . Duck, capi. Robert Mason. Sir 
Henry More of Berks was with them ; two of the Jones, etc. In the 
beginning of Apr. 1655 were appointed 70 commissioners of oyer and 
terminer and goale delivery for the counties of Wills Dorset Somerset 
and Devon and the counlic of the city of Exon.] 

[Unton Croke ^ who was the fourth son of Sir John Croke, kt, one 
of the Justices of tlic King's Bench, married Anne, daugluer and Iieir 
apparent of Richard Hore of Merston com. Oxon by Marie his wife; 
by which Anne he got half a j-ard-I.ind at Merston worth 50/r. per 
annum, and built a house thereon. Hee died at Merston 28 Jan. 
167? aet. 77 ; and was buried in the church there, ile had issue by 
her:^ 

(i) Richard Croke, afterwards knighted, of whom below. 

(a) Unton Croke, an active man for llie parliament cause in the 

' ia Wood MS. D. 4 is a lauda. Hugh Grore. 
tory epil»ph. truulatcd out of the ■ notes in Wood MS. D. 4 lot. 

I.aUn. 00 colonel John Penruddock and 297. 

o a 



MARCH — MA V, leSA. 



197 



buried Id Corp. Xti ColL chappell. Descended from ihe family of 
Nellliorps of Leggesby and Barton com. Lyncolne. His father was 
an esquire. J 

•Apj. 25, W., Edward Wood, eldest brother to A. W. and fellow of 
Mcrton Coll., was insuillcd Junior Proctor of the University of Oxon. 
Whereupon he soon after appointed A. W. his collector in Austins'; 
which office he kept till he was admitted Mr. of Arts. 

May. — 'May 3, Th,, A. W. made bis first declamation' in the 
Natural Philosophy school for tlic degree of Mr. of Arts. — The subject 
was ' Bonum quoddam quilibet efficiat, optimi autcm solom perse- 
verant.' 

•May 16, W., A. W.' made his second declamation in the said 
schoole.— And his subject was 'Utrum praestanlius cssct Ciceroni<B) 
libros comburcrc quam mortem lubirc *.' 

[Edward ' b. Wood, Mr. of Arls, fellow of Merlon, and one of the 
proctors of the Universitie, died, T., 22 May 1655 ; and was buried* 
in Merton College by a great concourse of people. He was the son 
of Thomas Ji Wood, bachelor of Law of the said Univcrsilie, by Mary 
his wife, daughter of Robert Pcttie of Wyfald ncarc Henley gent., a 
yonger son of John Pettie of Tclsworth, esq.] 

*May 33, T., Edward Wood died to the great reluctancy of his 
friends and relations, in his mother's house against Merton Colh, being 
the fourth week of his proctorship.— He was administrcd to in his 
last days by Ra){>h Button his quondam tutor, but now Canon of Ch. 
Church. He died of vomiting blood and consumption with it, and' 
made a most religious end. 

•May 34, Th., his body was carried into the common hall of 
Merton Coll., where the society and such masters of Arts that were 
pleased to come to pay their last respects to him, had gloves, wine 
and bisket in abundance, as also had the Doctors, Headcs of Houses, 



■ sec Clark's Ree. Uoir. Oxon. IL 

>• ■■*• 

' Kc Clark'i UdIt. R«g. Own. TT. 
i. 58 note > : the dcclnmalions were 
IhcrcfoK Eubstimtes for the '•Qlcnncs 
lecliotics' (ibid., p. 76) tni not iat 
dctennination (u is there »atd, ta 
error). 

• in the Harl. MS. (hii luos :— 
* AboQl Midsomcr day ^Juiic 34) I 
spoke my second dcclainxliun in the 
NatunI PhiIo»i->phy School ; a copie of 
wbid) I bAving not by me, 1 cuooi 



thetcfore tell yos the day vbra 'twai 
tpoke.* 

* ■ aubiri,' b the Toaner M&, by a 
alip. 

* note in Wood MS, F. 4, pu 90. 
Wood gives these anns: — 'or, a wolf 
pa»nnt and a chief lutblc.' 

' In Wood MS. K a it Is noted 
' horied in the chuir, Th., 14 May, with 
escuctierii!-.' 

'' in the ICorl. MS the ccntcnce ends 
'and very penitent, to the great comfort 
ol bia rclationti.' 



198 WOOD'S LIFE AND TfAfES. 

and his broiher Proctor (Samuel Bruen), to which last E. Wood had 
bequeathed money to buy lum a mourning gowne. Afienrards hia 
body being carried to Merlon coll. churchy there was a sermon 
preached for that occasion by his aforesaid quondam tutor ; which 
being not extant, I cannot refer you to it His hearse was adom'd 
with cscocheons and verges ; among which last was 3 copie made by 
his acquaintance Dr. Barton Holyday, archdeacon of Oxford, an 
antient poet, running thus : 

Ufot the death of hit vertuous anJ fruJeni friend Mr, Edward Wood, in the 
itgiuning of hii frcciersMp of (he Univcrsitit ef Oxen, 

ChoSTD ht wm« & censor of Ihe litneft; 
He chose to dye, rather than view the crimes. 
The CjTiiquc"* lantcme he fnrr wt»cr thought 
That f(Jt an honest tnui at higb-Doon sought. 
Then liriag a tnidnighl stoncr to the light 
Wliosc darker acticni do unuhadc the night. 
Friend, thon was wise, wlih honour Uius to dje, 
Fane is thy eiutaph, thy tombe the akye'. 

July. — {In the University Archives is 'an acquittance for 
384//. gj. j^d, gathered in the University for the relief of the 
Protestants in Savoy,' dated, W., 18 July 1655.) 

[. . . Stringer', fellow of Magdalen College, died, M., 23 July 1655 ; 
and was buried in that College chappell.] 

Sopt«mber.^[Jane ', daughter of Martin Wright, alderman, 
Kcond wife of Georg Lowe of Cainc in Wiltshire, gent., died, T., 4 
September anno 1655* at her husband's house in Pennyferlhing 
street ; and was buried in the chancell of S. IManin's church. — Shee 
had one only son by him, named Wright I-owc, who tUed in the 



* a slip in MS. Thillipps 7018 p. So 
icemsto be ilarteit Hollida/t autugiajih 
of these vertea. Wood notes ' my 
mother hath a coppy of Mr. ^Kobcrl^ 
^Vbitchall's verses on my brother't 
denth ; remember to enquire further. 
John Dropc also hath a cuppy in bis 
book of poems which nrc not yt-t 
printed.' (In Woix] MS. K i (Woott's 
catalognc ofhis own books) is a note :— 
'John Utopc — I have seen some poems 
in MS. of his going ahoot (in maaibus 
E[dw&tdi V\ D[rope I]) worthy to be 
printed.') 

■ note in WckkI MS, F. 4, p. 90. 
Wood gives in colnurs these amis : — 
'gales, a cross palonce between four 



martlets argent, a canton of the second.' 
Joseph Stringer; Uutrows' Register of 
the Pari. Visitors p. Ji8. In MS. Rawi. 
ID. elim 1390 it is said : — ' he bore to 
hi) armes — gules a cross patonce or be- 
tween (our martlclts argent.' 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4. p, 91. 
WiH"! give* ihev; nrniA : — ' gules, a wolf 
pansnt argent [Lowe] ; impaling ermine 
a lion laiTipant azure crowned or ' : on 
wliich Inst coal Wood notes that it 
should have be4:n*Wrigbt; but tills it 
Midbop's (Mcdbop's)armes':see ii^na 

p. 3tl. 

' theilatc bus been altered to ' ifiig.' 
pahaps from * 1636.' 



MAY— DEC. 1655. 



199 



\ 



Inner Temple (of which be was a student} the 25 or 36 Nov. 1672 
act. 21 or iherabouta, ami was buried in the Temple Church.' — ■ 
George Low before mentioned, somtimes burgess for Calne before 
mentioned to serve in those parliaments began at Westminster, 3 Nov. 
1640 and 3 May 1661, died at hts house before mentioned, Su., 19 
Nov. 1683 aged 82 and was buried in St, Martin's chancell * by his 
wife Jane before mentioned. — Sir Edward Low, somtimes fellow of 
New Coll., afterwards LL.D., one of the Masters of the Chancer)*, and 
a knight, son of . . . Low of Fisherton in Wilts by hts wife . . . (sister 
to Sir Edward Hyde somtimes Lord Chancellor of England), was liia 
heirc and executor.] 

October. — *Oct. 12, F., a handsome maid living in Calslreet, being 
deeply in love with Joseph Godwin ', a junior fellow of New Coll., 
poyson'd herself wiih rats-banc. This is mcntion'd because it made a 
great wonder that a maid should be in love with such a person as he, 
who had a curl'd shag-pate, was squtnt-ey'd and purblind, and much 
deform 'd ^vith the smal pox. He wor the son of a father of boUi his 
names * who was a bookseller at the upper end of Catstrect ; and, 
before he had been translated to Winchester school, had t)een in the 
same forme with A. Wood at New Coll. school. 

•Oct. 17, W., on the vigil of S. Luke, part or half of the roof of the 
south part of Merlon Coll, outer-clr.ippel, joj-ning to the tower, fell 
within the church about 9 of the clock at night, and broke all the 
stones laying on the floor, of which some were monumental stones. 
Afterwards when the ruins were taken away A. W. retriev'd the brass 
plates that were fiicd on them, and transctib'd and sav'd the inscrip- 
tions on them, which he afterwards printed in his 'Hist et Aniiq. 
Univ. Oxun.' lib. z. ^pag. 91.) 

December. — *Dcc. 17, M., he was admitted Master of Arts, being 
then his birthday, and at the same time he was admitted ad rtgrnSunt' 
It was his intention to be admitted 2 or 3 dnycs after he had last 
dcclaim'd ; but being troubled with the aking of a tooth, he drew it, 
which caused a sweUing in his check, and that a tumour, and that a 
lancing thcrof, which made him unfit to appeare in pubhc. 



' Wood MS. R 5 (O. C. 8576) i» a 
tnuifcript of th« Temple Cbiireb regi»- 
ter, 16 13- 1 635. 

* underliocd for conectioD and *■ 
note s<}c)eil in the margin : — ' the 
executors' mtnils nfterwanls alltrcd ; 
and i^") wns buried in St. Atdatc's 
chucell, S., aj Nov., in which pvish 
he died.* 



' 'Joscpli Godwin, admittc'I fellow in 
i(;5i, «nd created in 165H An. Bscct 
MaEi»tcr'; New Coll. rcgiKci. 1111658 
he vacated his ftllowthip. 

* Joseph Ciodwin. bookMlIec, died b 
l£73, bc<]Deathing ttis estate tt> this son 
joMrph Oodwia, ex-tUuw of New 
College 



300 



IVOOD'S UFE AND TWES. 



165^ and 1666: |f 



8 Car. H. 
Oliv. protect. 



Wood aet. 34. 



(The Almajiacs, having Wood's joamal-notcs written oa tbetr icterleaTcs, begin 
wilb the Almuuitf fur 1657 ; and, attfcoagh nt fint meagre, soon come to fonn rhe 
chief lOBice for Wood's life. In tbe first of the set (that for 1657) several me- 
Donuida foe the preceding year ('^5^) ■"% fuiuid. AccoTilingly at this point the 
Almanacs nay be adopted as tbe basis of tlie text. 

Tbe'Secretum Antonii' goo down to 1671. The p«iuges which come from it 
will be brought in ia their dironological order, and will be distingvhdted as before 
by an asterisk prefixed to each pass^e. 

Some alight incongntity will arix la places from the Almanacs being written la 
the first {>enoo, the ' Secrcium ' in tbe third.) 

February.— [Thomas Hyde ', commoner of Queen's College, 
died, W., 13 Feb., 165I; and was buried in the church of S. Peter in 
the Kast.] 

MarclL—March (iGsS) I pnt out my brother Edward's booke of 
sermons', collecting of it from his owne, all with miae ownc jjcn ; 
and dedicated them to Jonathan Godard, M.D. and warden of Merton 
CoU. 

*In the beginning of March he published five sermons of his brother 
£dward Wood lately deceased, which he had [made* and publickly] 
preached before the Universitie *. He dedicated them to Dr. Jonathan 
Goddard". warden of Merton Coll., and sem to him a very fair copie 
of them bound in blew Turkey-leather, with their leaves gilu 1 ' sent 



* note b Wood MS. F. 4 p. 90. A 
slip patted on there has some doubts 
abont bis nrma : — (a) ' argent two che- 
vtonels gnlc^: quaete; Hide, ijDacTe.* 
(b) 'or rather those of (the Hytles of) 
Nurbary ; quaere of Mr. (Thoouu) 
Hide the library keeper.' (The Hydca 
ofKorbury co, Chester bore ' atutc a 
chevron between 3 lozenges or ' : several 
families of Hyde bore ' golc* two che- 
TTonels argent.') On the back of Ibis 
sllpis this note: — 'argent alyon rampant 
bine crowned or, on his shoulder a ciou 
pat^e 6lchi!c or — granted to William 
Wright anno 1679 by Sir Edward Bysh, 
quaere.' 

* there it oddly 00 copy In the 
Wood Collection of Edward Wood's 
Mrmoni; the copy which was in the 
Collccttoa (the l674eiiiiion,Wood 8K1) 
having been stolen before i860. The 



Bodleian library has now a copy of the 
first edition (" Bliss a, 305 ") with the 
title ' rvaFffrd*- rev ttou »ai yitMrrif roO 
X^oroi- or that which may be known 
of God by the book of natnre and the 
excellent knowledge of Jesus Christ by 
the book of Striptorc,' Oxford l6j6, 
8to ; also of the second edition (8*. W. 
10. Th. HS.) at Oxford 1674, 3vo. 

• the words in square brackets are 
added from tbe Harl. MS. 

' Wood notes in the margin — 'see 
Athenoe el FoatiOxon, vol. 2 p." ^117), 
i. e. of [he first criition. 

■ Warden of Mert. Coll. 1651-1660; 
see Itrodrick'fi Memorials of Merton 
College, p. 168. 

• ' I,' by a slip for ' he ' ; the writer 
tending to slip into the tint person of 
direct narration. 



FEB, ~ MARCH, 1666. 



301 



the book by the carrier to London, and James Bricknell, M.A., his 
quondam cbunber-fetlow, presented it In his (A. Wood's) name to the 
said warden living in Gresham Coll. 



•In this yeare' Arthur Tillyard, ^an) apothecarj and grcal \ 
royaHisl, sold coffey ' publickly in his house against All-soulcs Coll. 
He was cncouragal so to do b}' som royallists, now living ' in Oson, 
and by others who cslccm'd themselves either virtuosi or wiis ; of 
which the chiefest number were of Alls. Coll. — as Peter Pett, Thomas i 
Millington, Timotliy Baldwin, Christopher Wren, Gcorg Castle, , 
William Bull, etc. There were others also, as John Lamphlrc a • 
physilian, lately ejected from New Coll., who was somUmcs llie 
natural droll of ilie company ; the two Wrens, sojournours in Oxon, — 
MathewandThomas, sons of Dr. (Matthew) Wren bishop of Ely; Ac. 
This coffey house continued till his majesiic's rcturne and after ; and 
then they became more frequent, and had an excise set upon coffey. 



' the year ending on Mnrcb 24; this 
means, liiereforE, 'in 1655.' 

' Ktiupra p. :68. In Wood 679 are 
twoof the pamphlets oncofTceuidcoiTce* 
itiinkiag. Wood 679^3,^ it 'ibe nature 
of the drink Kauki (1 Kati5) ot CofTee 
and (be berry of which ii U made, de- 
■cnbed by aa Arabiui ph]riitiiin/ Oxf. 
1659. Wood 679 (5} is ' Organon 
Salads, an inunimciit to dcaose the 
Btomacli ; a& alaO diverse new cxpcri- 
inrDts of the vcrlne of lubacco and 
coffee,' by W[il[iam] R[um«-y]. Lond. 
1657. Al the end of the »nme volume 
it a printed advntiseraent-alip with 
the localisatioo lo Oaford entered io 
writing (hcte marked by being enclosed 
in «iQaie biackela) ' The verluc of the 
Cofiec dciuk . . . Ic ta to be aold [by 
James Gongh at Mr. Snrye's the Uylor 
by Qoeen'aColI. corner Oion.],' which 
Wood dates ' December anno 1660.' 
Wood 30 (s) is 'The chararfer of a 
coffee bouse ... as also the admirable 
vertucs of coffee,' i66j. — The same 
volnme cootains simiUi notes of choco- 



late. Wood (^79 (i) is 'Chocolate, or 
an Indian drink' Lond. 165J. At the 
end of Wood 679 is a printed adTeitise^ 
mcm-sIip "The veitues of chocolate 
{Haax. India drink) : the properties of 
CavectEjipl drink).— These driaks arc 
to he sold by James Coagh at M(r). 
Suiy's oearc fcxst Gate," dated by Wood 
• December 1660.'— Wood 367 A no. 
36 is ' Ad cxad description of the . . . 
leaf Tee aiiai Tay,' which Wood 
notes to have been ' published anno 
1664.'— Here may be added a few books 
■Ituut tobacco : — Wood D 30 (l) is 
' Work for chininey swecpen or a warn- 
ing fortntiscconists,' Lond. ifioi. Wood 
D 30 ()Mi ' A dcfi&cc of ubacco with 
a friendly answer to a late printed botik 
called Wtfk for cktmmy siMtfrrt.' 
Load. i6oa. Wood D 30 (3) is 'A 
couDtn-til&slc to tobacco,' L.ood. 1604. 
Wood D 30 (4) is 'The women's com- 
plaint against tobacco,' Load. 1675. 

■ 'now remaining In Oxoa' in ibe 
llaiL M±>. 



/ 



MARCH, 1658. 



303 



Edward Tiixtarb (p. »oa), m. Anne, «J«ughte* of . . . Saver 
ft mercer, liviDs: in All Sainti' puiib : I of Didcotc b^ WalltDgford 
buried bi St. Marie's chnreh, I in Ucdca. 
I Feb. iftjf. I 

Edwiid TrUynfd, WUliam Tillyard, m. Anne Catherine m. Dr. Nicbolis 
li.A. of BniMi . of Oion ; died 3 Dec. Lorkin. Tlllraid, CoHell. fellow of 
died in com. Somcnct, 1683 and wai Eaton by Windaoie. 

aine prole. buried in S. Michael's 

church Oxoo ; sine prole. 



Aktrdr Tiixyaud (p. »ot), 
baker in St. Marie's pariah 
Oxon : buried in St. Marie's 
church, 31 Jaa. i6a}. 



m. Jdbd Smith orPldcot.aeTvaot 
lo Edward Till)^Td : abe 
married mdly ^lumphrey WbUller, 
altlennanofOxon, by wbon 

sbe bad no cbildrcD. 



I I I 

Peter Ttllyard, Arthur Tillyaid. wt. (Jane) Smith, James Tillynnl. m. ... 
otie of the of Oxon, ajiotliecaric ; 1 who was baricd stcwan) at Dlchlcy 
sergeants of ihc bora 1615 ; died I in St. Marie's to the lUrl u( 

city ofOxon. 14 Dec. l6()3; buried charch, la Dec. Lichfield. 

in S. Marie's church. I 1689. 



John Tlllyard. Anhor 

Tillyard, of 

Oxon., apotbecazy 

(died 1696). 



w. (Anne,..) Joaoc 



rillyard m. George Wlokhnm, 
of Oxon, draper.] 



(Arthur Tillyard, 
cleik of AlUouls iftita: B.A. 30 Time i(kia; 
M.A. S. Alb. n. 1697.) 



[Friday', 21 March 165^, (James Usher) died at Riegat« in 
Surrey, a most reverend man, famous for religion and literauire thro' 
out Kurope, an eminent pillar of tlie prott,-!)lanl cause against tlte 
papacie, and of the common wealth of leaming. 

Monday, Afarch 31, 1656, Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector, sign'd 
a warrant directed to the Lords of the Treasury for the Rum of aoo//. 
to beare the charges of his funeral, M-hicti sum was paid to Nicholas 
Bernard, D.D.; and this he did out of an honorable res|>ect to (he 
memory of so pious and learned a champion of the protcstant cause as 
he was. — Thursday, t? April, his body was brought in the morning 
to S. Geot^'s church in Southwark at which place at 12 of the clock 
hii) friends and many of the clergy and gentry met it and accompanied 



■ Dote by Wood at the end of 
Nicholas Bernard's ' The life and death 
of . , . Dr. James Usher late archbishop 
of Armagh' ■ . . Lond. 1656; Wood 
307 (5)- Wood baa a few notes in the 
book, e.g. that his 'daughter (was) 
wife to Sir Timothy Tirrell of Sholover 
In Oxfordshire.' Bcmaid says that 



Usher had ' sciatica ... by ailtini; up 
late In the Collcflge Library of Dublyn' ; 
Wood notes ' that is not allowed to be 
ia any library in Oxon.' Wood 319(4) 
is ' An clrgie 00 the tniracnlously 
learned [Usbet'] bishop of Arma{;h.* 
Load. iti£6. 



004 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



it tlience to Somerset house in the Strand ; where lajing for some time, 
was accompanied thence lo S. Peter's church at Westminster about a 
or 3 of tlie clock by innumerable people, especially of llic ministry. 
Where after the said Dr. Bernard had preached over most of ihi:» book, 
he was there interred.] 



/^ 'By lliis time ' A. W. had genuine skill In musick ', and frequentt'd 
the weekly meetings of musiiians in the house of William Ellis, late 
organist ' of S. John's Coll., situat and being in a house opposite to 
llut place whereon the Theater was built. The usual company that 
met and performed their parts were (i) John Cock*, M.A., fellow of 
New Coll. by the authority of the Visitors. He afterwards became 
rector of Heyford-Wareyne ncarc Bister : and marrying with one of 
the Woodwards of Woodstock, lived an uncomfortable life with her. 
(a) John Jones, M.A., fellow of the said College by the same 
amhority. (3) Georg C^oke^ M.A., (fellow) of the same Coll^ also 
by the same authority. He was afterwards drown'd, with Brome, son 
of Brome Wliorwood of Hakon neare Oxon, in their passage from 
Hampshire lo the Isle of Wight, 5 Sept. 1657. {4) John Friend*, 
M.A., fellow also of the said house and by the same authority. He 
died in the country anno 1658. (5) Georg Stradling, M..\., fellow of 
Alls. Col!., an admirable lutlnist, and much respected by Wilson' the 
professor. (6) Ralph " Sheldon, gent., a Roman Catholick of Steple- 
Barton in Oxfordshire, at this time Uving in Halywell neare Oxon, 
admired for his smooth and admirable way in playing on the vio). 

He died in the city of Westminster 165-. and was buried in 

the chancel of the church of S. ft fanin-in-tlie- fields. (7) Thomas 
Wren, a yonger son of MatUicw Wren bishop of Kly, a sojoumour now 



' I.«. St the beeinning of 1656 
(counting ^oa. jcar as U-ginniaj; od 35 
Match}. 

* the rcEuHng in ttic llarl. M.S. is 
'Ibid Bomc genuine &kill in cno&ick,' 
that having been snb&iitutvd for '1 was 
proficicat in mosick.' 

' b the Hul. MS., 'the ejected 
orgaDutt.' 

* John Cock, a Cambridge man, 
itiltwicil fellow of New Coll. bjr the 
rorl. Vis. 5 June 1649 (' S'. C-ooke'), 
ejected by King's Comtn. in 1660 j 
Burrows ' Keg. gf tbe Vis.' p. 169. 



» '— Cake,' 'scolaris' of New C, 
6 Maj 164S tefosed suhmisstoo to Pari. 
Vis.; Burrows, I.e. p. 55; expelled 
(' Gcgige Crnck *) 15 May, ibid. p. Q'l; 
intruded Fellow 4 ScpL ■<^49i '^'d- 

P- '95- 

• John Frend, intruded Fellow oJ 
New C. 16 June 1649, Burrows I.e. 
p. 170. 

' John Wilson. D. Mas., HcAtber's 
Profesoor ofMosic 16515-1661. 

* 'Rfll|ih* is in i^encil, ns though 
\Vood were not quite sure atwut it 



MARCH, lase. 

in the house of Francis Bowman hooksellcr living in S. Marie's parish 
in Oxon*. (8) Thomas Janes M.A. of Alagd. Coll. vrould be among 
them, but seldome played. He had a weekly meeting in his chamber 
at the Coll., practiced much on the Thcorlio lute, and Gervace 
Wcstcote being oAen with him as an instmctor, A. W. would soroc- 
tiiDcs go to Uieir meeting and play with them. 

•The musick maslcrs, who were now in Oxon and frequented the 
said meeting, were (i) William Ellis, bach, of mu&ick, owner of the 
house wherein the meeting was. He alwaies pla/d his pan either on 
the organ or virginal. (2) Dr. John Wilson, tJic public professor, the 
best at the lute in all England. He somlimcs play'd on the lute, but 
mostly presided the comiort. (3) . . . Curteys a lutinist lately ejected 
from some choire or caih. church. After his majcstic's restoration 
be became gent or singing-man of Ch. Church in Oxon. (4) 
Thomas Jackson, a bass-viollst ; afterwards one of Uic choire of S. 
John's coll. in Oson. (5) Edward Low, organist lately of Ch. Church. 
He play'd only on tlie organ ; so when he performed his part, Mr. 
Ellis would take up a counter-tenor viol .md play, if any person were 
wanting to performe that part. (6) Gervace LitUeton alias Westcoti 
or Weslcot alias Liltleion, a vioHst. He was afterwards a singing 
man of S. John's coll. (7) William Flexney, who had belonged to a 
choire before the warr. He was afterwards a gent, or singing-man of 
Ch. Ch. He playd well upon the bass viol and somtimes sung his 
part. He died 6 Nov. 1692 aged 79 or thereabouts. (8) . . . Proctor 
a yong man and a new commer. He died soon after ' as I shall tell 
you anon.^John Parker, one of the Univcrsitic musitians, would be 
somtimcs among tliem ; but Mr. Low, a proud man, could not 
endure any common musiiian to come to the meeting, much less to 
play among them. — Among these I must put John Haselwood an 
apothecary, a starrh'd formal clisterpipe, who usually play'd on the 
bass-viol and somtimes on the counter-tenor. He was very conceited 
of his skil (tho he had but Utile of it) and therefore would be ever and 



* io Wood MS. E 5 Wood note* ihil 
oa 6 Nov. 1651 Mathew Wren, gent., 
wu Ri]mitt«d to read in the BodleLui 
by diipcnsatioti from CoDVooiioo and 
that Thonuu Wren was admitted on g 
Aug. 1655. lo MS. Tanner 306 fol. 
371 are some ribald vcrKi:— 
' Mat Wren is both grave and wise 
Hit Idle ulke ii bnt diigtii*e 
All day for ihc Monarcfar bcc writes 



And takes prince Rapert'i place at 
nigbla : — 

i.e. lyes -with Mrii. Bownum his land- 
lady on whom he begat a too.* Mat' 
arthy AsserttJ, by Matthew Wren, waa 
puU. Oxfurd 1659 at>d (sod edit.) 
Lend. 1660. 

' ' BariaIiA.D. 1656, Joseph Procter, 
gent, Jaly aa': — Holywell pailib 
legjttcr. 



«etf 



WOOrtS UFE AND TIMES. 



anon ready to take up a >-iol before his betters : which beiBg obwmd 
by all, they usually call'd him Uandlewood. As for other mnsitians 
who were about this time bcgiiu«rs, you shall have the names of ihera 
under the yearc 16(58). 

. April.— [Convocaiion', Th., 10 Apr. 1656, gave the force of 
^ statutes to several sets of orders by ihe Delegates : — 



/ 



(A). Ordtrs ' o^m/ study and examinatieni for the M.A. degree. 

Q.^ Bfter one year' fiom pTcsenUtioa to B.A., B.A's xre to enter their names and 
tlic facalt7 io wUch tbcy Intend to ttudy in • register to be kept for that purpox 
hy the vice -chain ex) lor. The vice-chRnc«Hur U to lix io each trrm a day on 
which he will enter the aatDes, and to leod round k bedell to the Colleges ood Halls 
to give notice of il : od that day the pcnoiu canoemcd aic lefjuired to repair Xa 
the CoDTOcatioc home to cater their oamci and faculties. No U.A., except the 
■ons of nol>!cmicii, is to be exempt from w entering Ins lume on the plea of 
leaving the University, unleu his pli-a is attested by ayfr/e dtgnut person : and if 
»iiy person who has been exempted on this plea returns to the University to resi-me 
rcbidence he is not to be allowed to supplicate for M.A. natil two ycftrs havA 
elapsed from his coCciing his name and faculty is the register. 

[ii) on the first day of every tenn, between i and 5 P.M. all H.A's whose names 
arc so entered are to attend the vicechancellor. professors and doctors of ihcir 
faculty (and sDi:h others ai the»e muy desire to join with them), * to receive diree- 
Uoos for their studies in their facnlty.' 

(iii) all persons receiving diiections as above are Io give an account of their 
proficiency (1. e. to be examined) within a year after such directions are given ; 
and upon new direetioaB, to give a further account (i. e. pass a second examina- 
tion) three terma after. 

(iv) the foUowring ' method of examination ' b prescribed. The vice-ehancellor 
is to give seven days' notice by a ticket fixed up in public places of the day which 
he has fixed as the first day of the exarainatiori, ^uch day to be at least 14 days 
before the examination. 'Ilie examiuetf ore then to prorogue the examination 
di du in ditnt as they think liL Not more than six or eight pcriions are to be 
examined on one day. * To avoid confnuons' nndcrgraidnates are not to be 
allowed to be present at the examinatinns in divinity. A tegi&tei is to be kept in 
which the names of all thai are examined and approved by the major part of the 
examiners shall be entered : such that are found deficient shall not be entered till, 
npon after examination, they do approve themselves. 

(v) the pcffornumce of this course is to be put into the form of snpplicatioa of 
every B.A. for M.A. 

(vi) Congregation on special ctnse shown may grant dispensations as to sjtent- 
tious of date in entering names and passing the examinations; but leave to omit 
the examinations may be granted by Convocaltoa only. 

(vii'j these orders are to be binding not only on those who shall hereafter take 
RA. but on all IJA's of not more than a year's standing at the time of tbelr 
pauicg ; and DlA's of not more than two years' standirg are to take directions 



■ notes in MS. Bodl. 594 p. 17. 
' the full text is in Reg. Convoc T. 
fol. 379, aSo. 



* the year in these oiderv is cxprasly 
stated to be reckoned by Academical 
Icims. 



APRIL — JULY, 1666. aoj 

uii) to pass one cxamiiutioo in ibc Bumacr provUed, belote tbey tie tdmUted 
to M.A. 

(B). Ordrrs ' rtJiuing the nnmber ef oaths to ht taitn by grahiattt. 

Upon due coniiileiaUon of thr iicedleftx tamUiplying of sundr<r oathes utd the 
obligation unto lundry thiags oader th&t sacred iyc, vherby the conscicDccs of 
Buny hftve htxa wotind«d and cataiieled and others ioscatibly layd nodci the giult 
of petjuiy, to tlic great diihoaor of Uod aod aboac of his Name, it is ocdcicd 
that: — 

(a) ia ccrtato oaths a saving claosp, Umiting the oath to things witJun the 
petson's knowledge and power, be in^rted ; 

(b) other oaths arc abolished, and a fine of w^ is substitated to be ImpOKd (or 
breach of tb« coodilioos formerly swom to. Ei^ht oaths aie dealt with. 

(C). Ordtrt^ oMisMiMg tht firm ' tcio' 

It betng foiuid \rj experience that the accustomed forme of giving xaVr' onto 
pcTsoDs presented, or to be presented, ts a meet useless fonnc prustltDting an oath 
nolo contempt, and is attended with many other cvilts, it b ordered that the said 
giriag of uio'i be wholy taken away, and that in the roome tberof every person to 
be procntcd do bring a tcstimoniall under the hands of three Masten of Arts 
ftt the leoat, to whomc he ia knowne, that be has conducted himself 'sobric, 
nodote ac ttudioac.* — Similarly in the fannc of presentation iiute&d of ' Sd9 eun 
aptum babikm et idoneum esse ' shall b« BKd the words * CrtJo eum ' etc 

(D). Orders * aheJis^iig the eustotn of candulatts stamitMg treat to ixamiturt. 

Many great and scandalous abuscg contrary to good manners and the iiatutet 
of the University being of laic crept in ueider pretence of entertainments and 
graluitiei given by persons at the performance of scverall exercises unto indi 
Masters anri olhers as are in nny way agisting to thein (examining of tbem or on 
any other acconot present with them at the performance of the said exercises), to 
the utter corruption of all discipline and gooil order, it is dete[cnine<l by the 
delegates that all entertainmccts, public or private, or other gratnities whatsoever, 
made or given in reference to any exercise for the degrees of Master or Bachelor of 
Arts, either before or after, be whoty Uken avay ; aad if any person be fonad to 
offend in this nature, hi» exercise stiall not pais pro forma \ and if any Master of 
Art) shall receive any snob eolertainnicQt or gratuity he shall be deprived of bis y 
■BflTrage in Cocvocatioa for a whole year.] 

July, — [The* lady Wilmot* of Berks, a Ugbl huswife, and one 
notoriotis for tier salaciousness, being among otbcr ladies at the 
musick sclioole on Act Saturday 1656 and there hearing Mr. Henry 
Thurraan of Cb. Ch. declaiming eagerly against women and their 
vanities, sfaee therupon openly and with a loud voice cried : — ' Sir, 

' MS. Bodl. 594, p. 19. • note in Wood MS. E 53 fol. 93 b. 

» note in MS. Bodt. 594, p. »l. ' 7 Anne St. John, wife of Henry 

* K« Clark's R^. Univ. Oxoo. II. 1. Wilraot viseoont WUmot aad &rst call 
47. Si. ofKochater. 

* note b MS. BodL 59.4, p. 31. 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 

jou are out ; you are wrong; you are to bepn againe/ etc., thinking 
iherby to abash him. But he being a vcrie bold fellow, answered 
thus wilii a loud voice : — ' Madam, IT I am wrong, I am sure you arc 
right/ Upon which all the auditory laughing, she sate downe and 
plackd her hood over her face.] 

[1656 ', July 16, W. ; his highness (Oliver Cromwell) by a warrant 
directed to Sir John Carkstead, Hevtenant of the Tower, hath given 
order for the release of one that goes by the name of Lucy Barlow 
who for some time hath been a prisoner in the Tower of London. 
Shcc passeth under the character of Charles Stuart's wife or mistress 
and hath a yong son ' whome shec openly dcclareth to be his and it 
is generally believed, the boy being very like him and both the mother 
and child provided for by him. When shee was apprehended she 
had one Mr. Howard in her company and the original of this royal 
transcript was found about her, sealed viith Cbarics his signet and 
signed with his ownc hand, subscribed by his secretary Nicholas, 
which you have here transcribed verhaiim : — 

* Charles Rex. Wee do by these preteitts of our special grace give and gnot to 
Mn Ldc7 Barlow an aonnity or yearly pension of &vc thoiuanJ livres to be paid 
lo hcT or bei astijjncs in the city of Anlwerji ur aiiy such other coavenic-ot place 
IIS ibee ahall desire, at foor sercral paymcnu by cqaal portions, tho tint payment 
to begin from the 1st of July 1654 and su to continue for three moathi during her 
life, with BStnnuice to t>cttcT the same when it shall please OocI to restore us to 
oar klngdomcs. Given under our ugne manoal at oar court at Cologne tbU il of 
January 1655* and the sixlh yeaie of our laigoe. — by his majcstk's command, 
Edw. Nicholas.' 

By tliis those that hanker after him may see they arc furnished 
already with an Heir Apparent and what a pious and charitable 
prince they have for their master and (how) well' he disposeth of the 
collections and contributions which they make for him, towards the 
maintenance of his concubines and royal issue. Order is taken forth- 
with to send aw.iy this lady of pleasure and the yong heire and set 
them on shoare in Manders which is no ordinary curiesie.] 

July a», T., i6s6; Mr. (Joseph) Procter departed this life in the 
parish of Hol)*weli, Oxon, and laycth buried in the middle of the 
aforesaid church. He was a rare musicion, especial! for the Lyra 
violl and also for the division violl : bred up under Mr. J(ohn) 
Jenkins the mirror of this our age. He was very good for the treble 



^ note in Wood MS. D 18, appar- 
cDtlj an extract bom AltrturiHt Ptli- 
ticiu. 



* afterwards James, duke of Moo- 

OlOUtll. 

' iO$t, io this instance. 



7l/LV—0CT.lQ6e. 



209 



violl, and also for the \ioIin. And all these comprehended in a man 
of three or fonr-and-twenty yeares of age. 

•July 2 2, T., . . . Proctor died in HalywcU ; and was buried in the 
middle of the cimrch there. He had (been) bred up [in' the faculty 
of rausickj by Mr. John Jenkyns (the mirrour and wonder of his age 
for musick) ; was excellent for the lyra-vioi and division-viol, good at 
the treble-viol and treble-violin ; and all comprehended in a man of 
three or four and twentie yeares of age. He was much admired 
at the meetings, and exceedingly pitLicd by all the faculty for his loss. 

*This summer came to Oxon ' Tke^ AniiquiUa of Warwickshire* 
9k. written by William Dugdide, and adorn'd with many cuts. This 
being accounted the best book of its kind that hitherto was made 
extant, my p<in cannot enough describe how A. Wood's tender afTcc- 
lions and ins:iliable desire of knowlcdg- were ravish'd and melted 
downe by the reading of that book. What by musick and rare books 
that he found in the public library, his life, at this time and afler, was 
a perfect Elysium. 

September. — The 4 of September (Th.), 1656, I bought me a 
perewige of my barber, 6x. 

October. — 'Oct 39, W.; in the latter end of October he began to 
survey and transcribe the monumental inscriptions and armcs ' in the 
several parochial churches and college chappels, within the city and 
universitie of Oxon. 

[In* Reg. CongTCg. Qa, fol. 60, is a letter of the University to 
Justice Mattliew Hale, John Vaugban, and Richard Dukes, esq., 
executors of Mr. John Seldcn, tlial lliey would be pleased to bestow 



* the words in stjaarc braclccts arc 
from cb« liail. MS. 

' Lond. 1656, fol. Thomis ]ieftme 
{^Htii^iae Ileamianae ii. 131) wna 
g\wi to get the book for iC j/. Tbc 
foUowuif; fUp Erom ct boolucllcr'i CAts- 
logue of I R90 may bclp lo luggcst the 
riTcct pioduc«<l by the lioolc on tu 
appearance •. — * Dngdalr's Warunck- 
ihirt, the mre i»t edition i6f6, folio, 
portnita and hondicds of illuslratioiu, 
9iC 9^ • til'* book gets KarceT every 
year, seldom so fiae a copf b ofTcred at 
■udi a low priee.' 

* MS. Rawl. I) S coutaioa very crat 
drawings of coals of anm copied from 
s Laud MS. ; it is dated ' Anlbofiy 
Woode 1656 ' J also * Aotboay Woode, 



Mcrt Coll. OaoD. 1657': and hw this 
note by Wood : — ' llicse were drawn 
by ne wbea 1 lint pnutJced heraldry.' 
AnH«g other early drawings of arms 
among Wood's fvapcrs are some ray 
prettily cxecnlcd sheets in Wood MS. 
y .13; c. e- on fol. 105 b 'Annex in 
University ColL cbAppcll, hall, etc., 
A. n. 1659'; 'Ames in llalioll Cotl. 
lybrary, hall, etc., ifigf)'; on fol. 109 b 
' Anncs iu I.jrncoln Coll. hall windcwcs, 
1658 '; on fol. lij 'Armcs on the roofe 
of ihe Divinity Schoole Oxon, without 
culoun, Auf. A. P. t65t)' ; and, alxwt 
the same date, arms in New C, Mert, 
C.C.C.Magd. C 

* note in MS. Bodl. 594 pL 16. 



410 



H^OOD*S LIFE AXD TIMES, 



Seldcn'B library on that of Bodlcy, dated <F., 31 Oct) prid. KaL 
Nov. 1656.] 

Deoember. — [»o Dec.', S., 1656, Sir . . . Powell, kt, unck to the 
present owner of Sandford, departed this life at bis bouse in . . . co. 
Derby, and was buried at Sandford co. Oxon.] 

Dec. 23, T., 1656 ; {paid) the barber &r bd-. whereof 41 was for 
bis quarteridge and 3s and 6(/ for powder and mending of my pcriwige 
(which was mended, M., 20 of Ociob. in ilic aforesaid ycarc). 

Dec. 34, W., 1656, I paid Rich 4; 4</ for a paire of russet shoes, 
and 8(/to his men's boxes; I paj-d Hawes the glover 31 upon an old 
score. 

The 74 day, W., 1 bought the Ufes of S (ain)ts (being for the eight 
tst months). 3;; Dale's '"Analysis.' u id. 

The 35 of December, Th., 1656, I paid yong Mr. Bishop jr for 
mending my base viull. 

The 27 day, S., (I bought) a Nomenclator', u. 

[In* Reg. Congreg. Qa fol. 61 a is a Latin letter of the University 
to the Lord Commissioner (Nathaniel) Fiennes, dal. e dorao Con- 
gregaiionis 16 Kal. Jan. 1656 (17 Dec. 1656), for his being a freind 
and patron to the Univcrsitie and giving liis band for the continuing 
and upholding of llic Civil) Law, when rcadic to go to ruiiic or fall.J 



Anno i6g6 was the old Rutchero, Oxon, re-edified (see Clark's 
Wood's City of Oxford it. p. 483 note 3.) 

In the year 1639 and 40 was OrJall Coll. chappie " built. 

Anno 1640 and 1641 University CoU. cliappel and haule was partly 
built; but upon the coraming on of the wart it laid still* till ann. 1657. 

Menorandum : in the ycare 1656'' the wife of (George) Low *, \Vilts.,esq-, and 



' note in MS. Rawl. D dim 1390. 

* Jolin Dole** ' Analysis of the £pU- 
tln of the New TetUinent.' Oxf. 1653. 

* probftlily Wood 45 (' Xornetidiitor, 
omnium rcrnin pioprm noiniiia varils 
linj^it,' Amswl. 1377). There arc nlso 
ill the Wood collcctioQ 'NomeocUtor 
prindpiomm,' Honor. 1619 rWood 
893^ ; and * A ncmcDclator of TfacU 
and Sermont,' Oxon, i6.|i (Wood 891). 

' note in MS. Bodl. §94 p. 23. 

* it the end of Wood t6 we some 
jottinf^ of persona ' btuied in Oriel 
college cbippcll': the chief unooe 



them are :— * Tbotrut Gammond, .\.B., 
obiit 1653, butler (?>— Thomas Dove, 
feUow, de ctviiate Sorum, obiit 30 Sept. 
1656^. . . Fletcher, coromonei, buried 
1657 quncre — John Rons, senior frllow, 
obiil . . . 1653 ct scpelitur in capella — 
Dr. (John) Sanders, proTost, obiit ao 
March 165I — . . . Yong, Mr. of A.— 
. . . Fridier, a commoner, obiit 2 1 July 
1660— . . . lx>>-d A. U, obiit 31 NUr. 
i67|.' 

• ' still ' sobMituted for ' unfinishL' 
' ' 1651^,' sec note 4, page 198. 

* aec lufira p. 199. 



OCT. 1656 — 7AM 1667. 



31 1 



<5«n£hter lo nlJtnnao (Martin) Wright, wm buried at Cftrfu C!«ir(c)h. Upon 
the hcfie wu I-owe's annet impaling MiiihopV her mother being one of ibat 
fanuly.— So likewise uino 1657 when Mt. jobn .Smith ww baricd att St AkUte't, 
he impaled, paly of 6 a{rc«it) and b(Iue) on a c-heif o(r), 3 martleili g(u]es), 
belonging to . . . MailiD.whrras^Jiewa* a Hosworth and her mother's name (Wiclu). 
—Anno 1658, captain (W^U'^'oJShcrgTave', who laid alMr. Bowman's the book- 
icller, died and wa* bnrird at St. Marie's. He bore to his annes then as they 
were upon bis her»e ' A(;gcnt) a fcsa chcwjuy a^rgent) and s(ablc) inter 3 lyoM 
hnds eraMd goalee).' Which ctmte vraa ftiawn falily, and besides not belonging 
to hb name. It waa done by Mr. (Richard) Hawkiiu the painter. 

Memorandum ; that when Mr. . . . While's ^rifc^ brewer in Oaon, was burled 
in S. Ebb's charch Oxen in the beginnine of July 1658 — the being the daiq^btcr of 
aldennao (John) Weeket, Oxon— Ihew snnc« were upon her hcne: — j'b(luc'), 
on a croa eminc five ftulla of the lint, between four birds cIom a(Ti^at) ' ; name 
tVAiU: impaling ■ ermine, three battle-axca erect ttable': name fF»i/.] There 
was her mother's aUo, impaled vrith Weekes, tu. 'sable, a chev(roa) inter 
3 mallets ar(genl).' The abovsaid scothcon ia bung oret her grave in the laid 
church. 

(Among the books botighl by Wood m this year (,t6$6 or i^sf) are three 
tjcatiaea now in Wood C. 44 : marked ' Ant. W'oode, CoU. Meitoo, 1656.' 

(1) ' Scren argDmeota plainly pronug that papists are traylcroua sabjects,* 164!. 

(a) Jobn Bale's 'The p«eeant of Popes ' HngUkhcd by 1. S., anno 1574. 

(3) A[athony] M[aoday's] ' the EogUsh Romayne life,' Lood. I690-) 



165? and 1057 : { J ^S^. p;.,! } = ^°^ ««*• "■ 

January, —The l day, F., 1 bought of Mr. Davis behind Allhallowes, a parceTl 
of * MercBrios* Aulicos ' and other pomphtcts, as. — w day, T., niTd paper. <W; 
and Mr. Mat. I./9cke's Ayres', « 4*/. — ai day, W., ruled paper, 41/. — The aad^ Th., 
I gave loJ to Mts. Webb for 3 sticht bookes, riz.. . . . 

January. — 'Jan. 10, S., A. W., his mother, and his two brothers, 
Robert and Christopher Wood, gave 5//. to Mcrton coH. towards the 
casting of their five beCs into eight. These five were antient bells, 
and had been put up inlo the tower at the first building thereof, in the 
lime of Dr. Henry Abendon', warden of Merton Coll., who began to 
be warden in 1421. The tenor or great bell (on which the name of 
the said Abendoa ' was put) was suppotied to be the best bell in 



' Shortgrave. 

' Mar^-, wife of John While; Pc- 
shall's Addltlona (at the end of his 
' Anlieut and IVsent State of the City 
of Oafotd*) p. iR. 

* Wowl gives this shield in trick. 

* hi Wood 613 and 624 arc noa. 
i-tjiS of AferruriNt AuUcms, i. c. for 
the yean 1643-1644. 



* Wood 979 (Matthew Locke hii 
' Little consort of 3 parts lur viols and 
vJoUns,* bassns, Lond. I'fsfi) k marked 
' Ant Woodc. Hcit. Loll. Oxoa. a. d. 
UDCLVi.' Wood 377 is the veble of 
tlic tame book ; and Wood 37S, the 
treble and the tenor. 

' ' Abyngdon,' in the Harl. MS. 



r 9 



ai2 



WOOEfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



England, being, as 'twas said, or fine mcltal silver ToDnd. The 
generality of people were much against the altering of that bell, and 
were for a treble to be put to the five, and so make tliem six : and old 
sarjcunt Charles Holloway, who was a vcr)* covctuous man, would 
have given money to save it, and to make the five, six, bells, that is, to 
put a treble to them. But by the knavery of Thomas Jones, the sub- 
warden (the warden being then absent) and . . . Derby, the bell- 
founder, they were made eight : and Dr. John Wilson, Dr. of musick, 
had a fee from the college to take order about their tuning. 

Memorandum that one' Al., the 12 of this month (Jan.), my 
mother, my 3 brothers, and my self gave five pounds towards the 
casting of Merton CoUedge bells. 

Anno 1656 (i.e. 7) monsetir William Jeams latJght me to play on 
the violin, beginning in January and soc on till 7 months' end. 

*Janu(ary); whereas A. W. had before learned to play on the 
violin by the instruction of Charles Griffith, and afterwards of John 
Parker one of the universitie musitiatw, he was now advis'd to enter- 
taine one WillLim James a dancing master, by some accounted 
excellent for that instrument, and the rather, because it was said that 
he had obtained his knowledge of dancing and musick in France. 
He spent in all half a yeare with him, and gained some improvement 
from him ; yet at Icngtli he found him not a compkat master of hia 
ficuhie, as Griffith and Parker were not : and to say the truth, there 
WIS yet no compleat master in Oxon for that instrument, because it 
had not been hitherto used in consort among gentlemen, only 67 
common musltians, who played but two parts. The gentlemen in 
privat meetings which A. W. frequented, pUy'd three, four and five 
parts all with viols, as trcblc-viol, tenor, counter-tenor and bass, with 
cither on organ or virginal or harpsicon joyn'd with them : and they 
esteemed a violin lo be an instrument only belonging to a common 
fidler, and could not indurc that it should come among them for 
feare of making their meetings .seem to be vainc and fidling. But 
before the restoration of K. Charles 2 and especially after, viols began 
to be out of fashion, and only violins used, as treble-violin, tenor and 
bass-violin ; and die king according lo tlic French mode would have 
84 violins playing before him, wJiilc he was at mealcs, as being more 
nine and brisk than viols. 

[John' Ilodye, of Devonshire, gentleman-commoner of Universitie 



* 'one* is an occasional ^xlliog of 
Wood'* for 'on.' 

• note in Wood MS. F 4, p. 91. 



Wood givM in coloors these *rms : — 
' argent, b fns indented jioinl in fiaint 
Ten ind ublc between two cotiscs that 



JAN, — MARCH, 1867. 



213 



College, died, F., 30 Jfin. 1656 ^i.e. *) ; and was buried in the old 
chappell or Universitie College. He was son of Hugh Hody of 
Nilhway in Devonshire, esq.] 

February. — llic a day, M., nii'd paper, 61/; and nuthemUlcBll paper, it/.^ 
The 6 day. F., 1 ptyd to the bookbinder for binding of bookcs, 31 IW. — Mr. 
Fforrest owctti iii« a news bouke fat the 7 day, S. — The 17 day, T-, I tooke a 
vomitt of Mr. Alport whicb cost me 11 dd. — The 19 day, Th., I gave W tu ice the 
danacing upon the ropes. — The 17, K., I gave (>4 to Pridcaax ' the clerk of 5L 
Midiael's. — Tbc 17 day of Feb., F.. I paid Bccld'cird the bookbinder tii for binding 
io bookes, 6 quartoes, one folio, 3 octaros. — Tbc last day, nil'd paper. \t~ 

Maroh.~Tbc 6, F.. sack, 4*/.— The 10, T., at Mr. EUU'cs, W.— Mr. Forert 
oweth mc a ncwes bookc for the 13 day. F. — The 14, S., painting colours, &/.— 
The r;, T., at the Pitt, W.— The 11. S.,at Mr. Harper's the cooke, i/.— The 17, F., 
1 gave If for the hiring of a horse to gcxr to Mr«. Wickam's biuiall alt (Jasinglon. 
She died (W.) the jj day of Maich. — The 37, F., atl the Flower de luce, 91/. — 
The aS, S., I received my lent of mounaicr'.— The last day, 31, T., I laid out jr 
lot grarill. 

Uarob. — [Jane Wicliham ', widdow, somiiraea the second wife of 
William Wickham of Garsington in com. Oxon., dicti in the house of 
William Webb a bookseller living in the parish of St. Peter in ilie 
East, W., 25 March anno 1657; and was buried in the chancell of 
Garsingdon by her husband. Shee was the daughter of . . . Brome 
of Clifiou ncare Banburie, and sister lo Henry Brome who died 1667. 
— The said William Wickham was the son of John Wickham of 
Kollicrfcild in Sussex, but descended from the Wickhams of Swacly^-e 
in com. Oxon. ; so that these annes * which were upon her hearse are 
false.] 

"Mar. 27, F., at' the funeral of Jane Wickham the widdow, and 
somtimes the second wife, of William Wicklam* of Garsingdon 
neare Oxon gent. Shec Tvas buried in the chance) of the church 



In chief of tbc first and that In base of 
the second ' (Ilody of Nelhewiy, 
DeroDshire). ' He bore to hli annes :— 
aiKcnt a feu pattie per few danc. inter 
a bamtletis conatercbanged of the feild, 
vert and sable ' — so in the earlier form 
of the note m Woud MS. F 31, fol. 70. 

* ' 1678 \ Cliriitophcr Prideaux, late 
clerk, wa» bur)ed the Xlh of Jnly': S. 
Mtcbacl's Kc{;i«ter of Bnhalt. 

' this nickname for Wood's elder 
brother Rolxrl, attached to him because 
of bis French nphim^ni;;, will con- 
stantly recur in these Almanac entries. 
See note a, p. 51. 

* note in Wood MS. F 4, p. 91. 



An earlier draft in MS. Rawl. D »tim 
1 390 says * danghtcr of Brome of 
Halton.' 

' Wood gives the arms in colour : — 
* aigent two cheTTOneU sable between 3 
roses gules seeded or barbed veit 
(Wickham of SwalclifTe, co. Oxford) ; 
impftUng, ia.ble on a cherron nigcnt 3 
boncfaes of broom vert seeded or within 
a bordnre argent (Brome).' 

* in the lUrL MS. this runs :— ' Mar. 
17, 1 loile to Garsingdon with the coqw 
of ... to see and attend her buried in 
the chancel of the diurcb Ihete.' 

* for William Wickham of Garsing- 
don, bee Wood Mb. £ t, fot. iSi. 



AfARCn— APHTL, 1657. 



atS 



ihere by ibe remaines of the said WUIiam Wickham. This woman 
was sister to Henry Brome of Clifton ncare Banbury in Oxfordshire 
(of the same familie with the Bromcs of Hallon) and died in Oxon, 
W., »5 March. A. W. did twK then Bun--ey the monuments in 
Garsingdon church, because of the company there, but rode immc- 
diatly home to Oxun. 

April. — ^The i day, Th^ rtilM paper ti ; Mn. Rambnche died. — The 3 dny, F., 
the barber. 41 ; and for mj battles, 91 ^d; spent, id; spent, 6f/. — The 4 day, S., 
to Mr. Fforrest, ]/. — Tbe 6 day, M., to Kich for mending orsbocs, u: ] receired 
of Mr. Bnraham, 3/1, ; the same "lay, paid to Mrs. Bumham, ^i/j the same day 
paid to Mr. Potter tbe mercer for an old score, 8r. — The 13 day, M., at Mr. 
Jcanses, ^d; Ihc same day, spent, 41/; ihr same day, 3i/.^The 14 dny, T., 
1 boBRht a Rowne ofMr. Potter, a/i. 12/; spent at Earlcs, is i4; at EUescs, 6rf. — 
Tbe 16, Th., paid Nichalls for making niy ^wne, ^i 6d; the »amc (Uy,(iM:at, fni. 
—The 18, S., 3 bands, a/. lorf; tlic same day, spent, loJ.— The )l day. T.. 
I bODght inurards for my suit, i6r. — The 33, W., lent to Mr. (John) Cartf-yne, W; 
the same day, spent, &/ ; (tpent), 31/ ; the same day, at Mr. Wcscott'x, 6J. — The 
33, Til., 3 yards of ribbon at Mr. Grcn«rayc's, 5/. — The 34, ¥.. !ace, Jr/.—The 35, 
S., feret-ribbon, 5 {d or j?).— The a?. M., pbisick, 6rf.— Tbe 38, T., spent, 6d.-~ 
Tlie aj, W., taffety for (acinji, u W.— Tbe jo,Th., to the clark of Wolvercoie, 4*/. 

April. — [Jamcs^ Powell of Herefordsliire, gentleman commoner of 
Baltiol College, died, Th., 2 Apr, 1657 ; and w.is buried in Magdalen 
parish Church. He' was a little brfore let blood in the urine by one 
Grundy an apprentice to William Day, cbirurgion ; which Grundy, 
having Icarnd a, now fashion of striking the veinc, missed it and 
struck an arterie, which swelling and festering, the party (rather llian 
have liis armc cut off) soon after expired. He was also bachelor 
of Arts.] 

[Apr." 17, F., 1657, TimotheusWIlkins electus est superior bcdellos 
Theologiac in loco Leonardi Lichfeild defunct! *.] 

•Apr. 30, Th., he began his perambulation of Oxfordshire': and 



> note in Wood MS. F 4, p. 91. 
Wood giTca these aims \a coloni :~ 
* argent a chevron between 3 lions' 
ganbs enued gnles, la chief a crescent 
sable for difference.' 

* in an earlier fono of the note ia 
Wood MS. r 31. fol. 69 :— * he was lett 
blood by one tiroundy, nn njiprentice 
to Mr. Dny the chinirgion, who xtniclc 
■a arterie initeail of a veinc ; by which 
neaoes be lost his life.* 

* note in Wood MS. E 5. 

* sepullns cat in ecdeiia Omniom 
Snnctonua. ' 1655, Oct. ty, Lcotnudns 



Lichfeild, Univenitatia typo^pbtu, 
elcdus est fiDixrHur bcdelln* facultada 
•iTicoIogiae' : Wood MS. Rg. 

» Wood MS. B 15 (O. C. 85«6}, in- 
Bcribcd ' Actbooy Wood, Mert. Coll. 
Oxoo., iAs6,' contains these teries of 
fencMral and sepulchral tnscripdoiis and 
coats of anns. Tliey have been tisn- 
scfibed (with additions) into Wood 
MS. E I (O. C. 8505). Inscriptions in 
fccvxTral Oxfcirrfshirc chnrcbe.i (collected 
in 1671; and 1676; have been in*erteil by 
Wowl in Ralph Sheldon's 'Chnich 
Notes '(Wood M.S. C 10}. 



llie monuments in Wolvcrcol church * were Uie first that he survey'd 
and transcrib'd. 

[Wolvercoic ' ; Apr. 30, 1657. In a chappcU on the north side of 
the church (built if I mistake not by Sir John Waher) is a fair monu- 
ment, built almost bresi-high, wheron layes the effigies' car\-cd in 
8tonc of a judge in his formalities, on each ^de a wife, at the bead 
4 sons kneeling*, and at the feet 4 daughters, all carved in stone and 
painted to the Ufc — miserably* defaced when Ojcon was bescigcd. 
At the side below the first arch is (a long) inscription {to Sir Jolrn 
Walter, Chief Baron of the Exchequer 10 May 1625, died 18 Nov. 
t630>. 

David Wahcr, somtimes high sherriff of Oxfordshire, coloncU of a 
regiment of horst: under Car. 1 and one of the groomes of the Bed- 
chamber to Car. 3, M-as buried here in Lhc \'auli (under the said 
chappell) by his father 30 Apr. 1679.] 

[Sir John Walter' in his judges robes between his two wives, his 
first ^ wife (Margaret, daughter of William) Offlcy on his right ; three 
daughters • kneeling at the head, three sons ai the feet. The inscrip- 
tion is on the south aide of the mouumcnL The pillars that uphold 
the canopy arc black and white. 

On the north wall, by the feet, ia the cfBgics to the shoulder of 
Dand Waller, with a poriwige on and a cravat, in white marble, aiul 
underneath this inscription in white marble : — 

* Here lyeth the body of David W«\ttr of Godstow, oq., the second * ton of Sir 



' tlic inscriptiont taken by Wood at 
Wolvcrcotc on 30 Apr. 1657, arc found 
in Wood MS. B 15 and Wood MS. E 
I, fol. 68. 

' ooles in Wood MS. E i, fol. 68 b. 

■ is Wood MS. B 15 :— ■ hu cffi^ia 
is drawnt to tlie life from lop to toe." 

* Wood MS. U 15 adds:— -pabtcd 
toihoUlc.* 

* In Woml M.S. n 15 :— 'now tnmbled 
M iIowDc Anil dcracni.* 

* this Kcond nnil mncli latrr account 
U oo a slip inserted in Wuoil MS. E 1, 
Ibl. 70. Anotlicr slip tbcru bas Ibis 
note: — "Edmund Walter e*q, maryvd 
Mary, daughter of Tbotnas llackluit of 
Eyion, esq. ; bad asue three soos, 
Jaam., John (the jarlf;e), Edwaid, two 
daughtrrs, Mary and Uo*oihy: buried 
ag Jan. ijgj" <i.«. 3).. - 'This paper 
1 bad out of a French book being " the 



Catalogue and Annea of all the Con- 
stables of France, to gcathcr with the 
provosts and cancellors of Paris," som- 
times bcloogLnt; to Thomas (Windsor^ 
lonl WindsQic <[died 164a) : A.Wood, 
Ang. 1661.' 

' his iccoDi] wife waa Anne, wllIow 
of Sii Thomas Uigges, bt, of Lcnch- 
wicke, CO. Wore, daughter of Willlua 
\V)-tham of Lcdslon, 00. York. The 
children were by the 6rsl wifc. 

■ Wood notes:— 'there wctc 4 pro- 
paitioos of sons kneeling at the head 
and 4 of giclcs at the feet— now but 3 
gifles at Ihe head and 3 men at the feet 
— all in stone curiously canrcd and 
painted.* 

* the eldest son and heir of Sir John 
Waller was Sir William Waller of 
Saredcii, who died Tuesday 33 March 
167! act 74rand was buried at Sarsdea 



APRTU 1667. 



ai7 



John Walter (Lord Chief Diron of the Ezch«]ueiV j^ome of the bedcbAmber to 
King ChxrU the tecoDd anil lievtraont-gencrnl) of the ordiiuuioc, which ofhcc his 
majciUc g:ive hira u % revruxl of the grcit valour utd Io)-aItie he had ihcwed 
IB the service of his fitther of glorious mcmary iIoHng the dvill warres. He was 
borne at Sareiden in this county ; mamed Elizabeth the widdow of Francis 
^Lcnnard) loid Dacfc, of HentmonaeaDX in Sussex, ty whoroe he had do itsue ; 
died at l«adoD the 33 of Aprill 1679 ^'"^ ^ '^^ ^^ ycarc of bis age.' 

{Anns: — ) 'blue, a fess dauncctttfe between 3 spread eaglets 
argent.' He bequeathed 300//. with which was repaired this monu- 
ment miserable shattered and defaced in the time of the civil war. 
Repaired 1681.] 

[The ^ village of Wulvcrcot is written in old evidences Wgaricot, 
having been wthout doubt the habitation of UIgarus or Wolgarus, 
a Saxon (tempore Saxonum). 

Tlic said village by tlic name of Wlgartcot \i^& given to Godslow 
nunnery (much about its dedication, anno 1 138) by Bcmardus dc Sto, 
Walerico, . . . whether all the \'illage, or some part only I know not 
. . . You must note that King Henry U had the village (or most part 
of it) from Bernard de Sto. Walerico . . ., and after the nunnery was 
founded and setled, he gave it theninto. . , . 

The church or chappell of Wulvercole is a chappell of ease to the 
church of S. Puter in the East, Oxon. 

King Henry HI gave the rectory of St. Peter's, wiihe the chappclls 
tJierunio belonging, to the House of Walter de Merton anno ia66, 
vhtch House was tlien in founding at Oxen. By vertue of which 
gift the Warden and Scholars of that House became rectors of this 
chappell. In the yeare 1392 tlie said Warden and Scholars with 
leave from the King and Oliver (Sutton) bishop of Lyncoln did 
appropriat the said rectory to their house. By vcrtuc of which 
^propriaiion this church or chappell of Wulvercote was appropriated 
also. 

So that therupon the said church of St. Peter being made a vicaridge 
(served by Morton College Fellows) the vicar of thai place or his 
substitute served here at Wulvercote and had the lesser tithes for his 
paynes.J 

[Price'. In llic mid-way between Wulvcrcot and Yarnton" ar<^ 



1m!^« Ui wUe . . . liner to John, lord 
Lacu; Wood MS. K 1, fol. l,^. 

' notes (abriilged) from Wood MS. 
E. 1 fol. ;i. 

• note in Wood MS. E 1, fol. 73. 



rtotes ahoot Yamtoo : — ' Vamton ali^ 
J-jxliDgton — (hit naonour belonged to 
Kewley Abbey in the Hborbs of OxfonI 
and M3 cooseqwntly ailcT the diwolution 
of ihal monaitciy came Into the king's 



* in Wood MS. C 1, fol. So are theie hands. John Dorant of Cotsmote in 



fll« 



WOOlfS UFE AND TTAf£S. 



joyning (o the horse-rode on tlie right hand, certaine f^rounds of 
paijture called Frice, in the parish fas I conceive) of KidHngton. 
In the principall foundation charter of Osney Abbey made by Robert 
D'oilley the founder he gives iherunlo among other gifts 'capella 
de Frees ctim manso ct terra ex opposite capcllae ' . . . . Here is 
onlie now a slieppard's house standing; and nothing at all of Che 
said chappeli (which, I suppose, was a chappell of ease to Kidlington) 
remaining.] 

Hay.— The 9, S., ftband, if icu/; a haH,l/i'. u &/; toNicholU the Uler, to*.— 

The4d»y. M.. bockla, 9</.— The 5 day. T.,ftt EUeses, W.— The 7 diy, Th., Akcd- 
sioo D*y. Bt Newoara', iif/.-Tlie it.M, al Ule«e6. &/.— The 14, Th., at \Ualy. 
MiltOD. Holton *, 3s.~1hc 18, M., (wid) 19, T., at (.'auscnton, ^. — 'ITw itv W., 
lit EHeses, &/.— The it, Th., at Sunton-II&rcort', ^if.—ii, ¥., at £it«aes and st 
Harding's, 1/ a^.— 35, M., at Ellese*, 6*/.— 3;', \V., to P;?;eppCT, c(lcik) of Stan- 
ton St. John, W.— ly, F., st EJlcses, is. 

May.— [Th., 7 May* 1657 Newnham-Courtney • a//ar Newnam* 



com. Rutland who livrd 35 Htnr. VlII 
{ I s43) did probably Toy it of the liing : 
for bi& SOD WilUnin Punuit (who died 
30 ElU. (1578)) 1 am sure did enjoy 
thU mannoT : ironi whomc or else from 
his son John Dorant of Cottsniorc it 
came W the Spencers. (John Dnrant 
of Coumore and '^'Mnton gent., anno 
1574, did nurry Kathcfine, daughter 
of John I.anc of Walgrave in com. 
Korthls, by whonie he had ii&ne, 
Patiick, Williain, Kliubctb. Mnr)-, and 
. . . ). — The lower at the west end of 
Yamton church wu built by Sir Thomas 
Spencer, bait., anno 1613 ; about which 
time also he built the inannoui house 
ihjtl tiuw slaods oeare to the old one by 
the church : this Sir TI]oniH> was famous 
in his time for the great hospLtulity he 
kept here and hii chaiitie tu the ikkitc. 
—35 Aug. 1655 Mr. Riclinrd Walkina, 
rector of Whichford in Warwickshire, 
told me that Sir Robert Daahwood, 
sotntimcsHigh Sheniff {ofOxon.), bad 
poichascd the maooonr of Yarolon of 
the beires and exccutars of .Sir Thomas 
Spencer for 31 ihutitand poundi nl>out 
3 weeks since' 

' iD&criptioni taken at Neimhani 
[Nuneliam]-Cotirtncy, OioD. by Wood 
on 7 May l6.;7 aie found in WocmI 
MS. B 15; alsu in Wood MS. E l, 
p. 190. 



* inscriptions taken on 14 May 1657 
by Wcx>d at Ilalton, Great Milton, and 
Ilasely ore found in Wood MS. B 15 i 
also in Wood MS. £ I, pp. 340, a68, 
aSib. 

' inwriplioni taken on 31 May i6t;7 
by Wood at Stanton -Harcourl arc funnd 
in Wood MS. B. 15 ; also io Wood MS. 

E i,p 3>- 

* inscriptions taken by Wood at Elles- 
fitJd (Elsficid) on 37 May 1(157 ^"^ 
found in Wuod MS. B 15; alao in 
Wood MS. E I, p. 165. 

* note in W'ood MS. £ t, fol. 190. 

* on a loose slip at the end of MS. 
Ikxll. 594 is this note, but whether in 
Wood's hand I cannot say positively ;— 
'Ncwnain-coutmey, sue called from 
that simame, auncicnt inhabitants of 
the same. This lordship lell to two 
ca-hcireases by name l>uckcts, who were 
the right owiicm Iticrcof j hut Sir John 
Pollard, knight, a wcstcme man, (by 
false mcanca, as is sDpp<»cd) got this 
lordship from them. Who enjoyed itaome 
time, and ha^iof: noc issue left it to one 
John Pollard uf the same country (as is 
supposed), a hawker. Which aforesaid 
John, knight, taking a jouniey into his 
owne conntiy, met with this John th« 
hawker aforesaid ; and falling into dis- 
courw with each other, came In Iconic 
the hawker's name — npoo whicli tliis 



APRIL — MAY, 1667. 



219 



Courtney, so called from the Courtneys, anciently lords iherof. After 
them succeeded if I mistake not (the Pollards) Sir John Pollard of 
Devon. From them il came 10 . . . Audlcy of the Court of Wards, 
commonly called ' the rich Audlcy.' From lum (as I conceive) it 
came to Robert Wright, bi&hop of Lychfcild, whose son GUvcrt 
Wright sold it to John Robinson of London, merchant, tempore 
Olivcri Cromwell, knighted in May J 660 by King Charles 11, and 
made Lcivtenant of the Tower.] 

[...', daughter of the Lady Lovet, died in Mr. Arthur Crewe's 
house in Halywell, M., 11 May 1657; and was buried in Hal^-wcU 
chanccll. Shcc was never married.] 

'May 14, Th., all tlie eight bells of Merton coll. did begin to ring 
^And he heard them ring verj- well at his approach to Oxon in the 
evening, after he had taken his rambles all that day about the country 
to collect monuments— The bells did not at all please iIk- curious 
and critical hearer. However lie plucked at them often with some 
of his fellow-colleagues for recreation sake. They were all after- 
wards re-cast, and the belfry wherein the ringers stood (which was 
a little below the arches of the tower, for while the five hanged 
the ringers stood on (he ground) being built of bad timber, was 
plucked downe also; and after the bells were put up againe, litis 
belfry, that now is, above the arches, was new made and a window 
(bioke lliro the tower next to Corpus Christi Coll.) was made to 
give light. 

[Stanton-Harcourt ', ai May 1657. In the middle of the body 
of the church, on a brass fix'd to a gravestone, is this : — 

' Of your choritr prty for the lonle or Wm Secole, the which decoMti tlie xxrili 
day o( October ia the yeare oi oar LorO God MCCCCCI.VIl.' 



John, knight, harlnfr ooe inae made 
Joha the bAwkcr his hcirc A little 
ipAOc afterwards ihi& Jahn, knight, afore- 
»aid, died and Ivft Ncvrnam and his otltcr 
jiu.'flncs all to hi> vrilc, vx that John 
the hawker was not to hare nothing 
before the lady was dead, to the tneone 
time John the hawker beitiE maiiied 
and having iuoe Lewij, living in or 
about NeNmam ran into debt opon that 
score Che^g Jolio the knight's heirc) toe 
much a&aliiiost tan oal his estate. I.cwi», 
Oil I Ukc It, iolde it to ... a Londoner, 
and the LoiMloncr sold It to bishop 
^^'right, and UaLup Write hi» son sold 



it to on(c) Kohlnson. Lewis >rorcsaid 
bad itsne, John {aovi living, 1656}.* 
1*he slip is Inserted among some notes 
of the Conitenay Eamily I567-16J3 
whiuh Wooil tAyj, are ' out of the beginn' 
nitig and end of a French MS. in bibl. 
Bodl. given therto by Mr. Joseph May- 
oard, S.T.B..anno' (1658). 

^ note in Wood MS. V 4, p. 91. 
\^'ood gives these anns : — ' argent 3 
wnlves passant in pale sable' (Lovet). 

* Dutcs selected rioni those in Wood 
MS. E I fol. 33, fill!., compared with 
the nolca wtittca 00 the spot in Wood 
MS.lii£. 



aao 



WOOD^S LIFE AND TIMES. 



(In the chanccll) Is the picture of a woman with hands erect, 
and in one her beads hanging, cut on a brass plate ' with this inscrip- 
tion under her : — 

< Of yuur charity pray for the soute of Eleo Camby late the wyff of John Camby, 
which decessed the xxtr day of June in Ihb ycrc of oui Lord God MV^LXVI 
(1566). On wbox Miulc Jcsu have mercy, Amcu.' 

'Tis strange that such an inscription should be put on a grave 
stone, after religion had been reformed 7 ycarcs. 

(In the chancell) is this on a plate of brass on a blew stone : — 

' Pray for the sonle of S* Henry Dodschone preist, late vyotr of IhU charch, 
wliicb dixesscd the uciii (lay of Jannary y* }-erc of our Lord God MV^LXIX. On 

whose soulc Jcsu have mercy, Amea.' 

Without (doubl) most, if not all, of this townc were Catholicks 
divers yeares after the Reformation. The Harcouris were.] 

June. — The $ day, W., given to the porter of Map. Coll. to sc the chappcll^ 61/. 
— The 5, F., at EUhcs, (w/; for paper arid binding a bookc, ^d. — The 9, T., at 
£llc&ci and at Eoilcs, 1/ yi. — Ttic 1 1, lli., at Mrs. Btimct's, i; ; and to Bishop, iW. 
—The ]j, F., at Ellcscs, &/.— Tlic 16. T., at Dieses and at EorlcKS, 1^.— Thci?, 
W., at Mcdly. <yd,—1\v: 19, F., to the clcrit of St Ebbs and at Ellcses, w.— The 
30, S., for Aocs, 4J ^d. — The 34, \V., lo the dorlcc of St. Marie's, W; to Forest, 
(or Camden's * ' Kcmaincs,' u W.— Tlic 36, F., at Ellcscs, &/.— The z% M., spent 
on Forest, iW. — The Jo, T., spent a Sihlnn:, 6(/. 

July. — The 3. Th,, «[)«it uid\ boucfat of Mr. Potter a dcv suit, i/i^ 16/ ■)</. — 
The 3d day, F., to Mr. Forcit, 1; ; and to Mr. Barnham for his moaming ribboD, 
ar.— The 4, S., la the barbtrr, 41 ; and (o Xicolls the tailor {xyt makir); my suit, 61 ; 
for buckles to J. Battet, 3J tid ; the tame day, spent, bd ; to Hawes the glover, 3J.— 
The 6, M., to Alpotl *, for phisidc, <m/; tpont at the Tavern and ipciiL to see the 
play at the Blew Anchor, ix 8rf.— The 7, T., giTcn to Mrs. Fry for whay. 6./.— The 
5, Th., to Blagniw; for Harrington's ' ' Cliutch Slate,' tcd\ lo Beckford, for bind- 
ing of Camdca's ' Kcmatacs,' 6J.— The 10, Y., spent at Harper's, lad: spent 
to &ee Sander' watei m oi tecs, 9>d \ spent in claret at Hodictite's ^d. ^The ii. S., at 
EUesei, 6<f.— The 13, M., spent 3.t 41/.— The 14, T., ipcot at Mcdly ^ with Mr. 



• Wood MS. D 15 adds: 'on a blew 
flat stone.* 

• ' Remained concerning Britain' 
I^nd. 1 1S37 ; Wood 606. 

» ' i6j8. Sept. ; Philip Alportc of St 
Marie's parinh Oxon, apothecary, and 
Millicenl Asliey of Little Milton in Ox- 
fordshire were married in S. John Bapt 
Church Oxon*: Wood's nolo in Wood 
MS. K 33 

• Sir John Horington's ' A Inicfc 
view of the state of the church of Eng- 
land ... to the year ot 160S,' Lood. 
1653,410; Wood 864. 



• Medley Inn, now a private dwelling- 
house, wis the ' IcmiintM nd quem ' of 
Oxford water-parties (tailing b<j.it prob- 
ably from Folly Bridge) in WixmI's 
time, a» Godstow Inn is now (taking 
boat bvoi Medley). M n. Alicia D'aoveis 
(daughtirr of i^unuel Clarke, esqaire 
bcdcU of the University) la her ' Hu- 
taoars of ihet'ni^enHty of Oxford' (1691) 
writes thin : — 

" and ^U th.it afleriioon to Nfnlly. 
Near half a mile or such a matter 
it lyes aa yon go dowa {i. op) the 
water; 



jifAy—yt;LY,ieBi. 



331 



Crew' and Mrs. Wamfonl ", Ri. — The 15, \V.,pBMl toMrs. Burhniun (Le. Biinihani)^ 
firf.— The 18, S., lent to Mr. <WiIIi«m> Stues * when wc wc« In the water, 4*/; 
spent at that time, ^^.^2^, S., vpcnl 6J. 

July. — [At* a commencement at Cambridg an. 1657 the pre- \ 
varicalor told the Oxonians that ' the dcanc of Ch. Ch,' (Dr. John 
Owen) 'had as much powder in his hairc Ihal would discharg eight 
cannons.' Hut Mr. Daniel Danvers of Trin. Coll. who was Terrae 
filius the same yeare at Oxford told the Cantabrigians that were then 
there, in his speech, that * he wondred how that powder could make 
such a report, seeing that it was while for white makes no report/ 
You must know that Owen, being a vaJne person, weared for the 
most part sweet powder in his haire, sets of jjoints at his knees, 
boots, and lawn boot-hose tops, as ilie fashion then was for yong men.] 

Tliis Act was Mr. (Daniel) Danvers' one of itie Ttrratfilu'. who * 
then tookc occasion to tell all the Congregation of Dr. (George) 
MarsliaU ', New Coll., ' of what religion they supposed him to be, for 
he nor any else (ever) saw him at Church '—which ever after that 
was a constant follower. 

The 15 day of July, W., Vavasor PowcU' preacht at AUhallowes 
Oxon, where he rayl'd aganst the Universities, agansl (Henry) 
Uickman " of Magd. Coll., and said 'lite pope should provide him 
a miter and the ticvill a frying-pan ' — wliich was occasioned by 
Hickman's answering in the Vesperies where a question was 'An 
ministri Anglicani habeant validam ordinaiionem?', Hickman being 
respondent, the Vicc-cancellor' opposing him; and moreover Hick- 
man said (not that he was drawne by force of argument, but by his 
opinion) tJial 'Rome, for ought he knew, was a true church.' Vavasor 
rowcll was denied entrance at fir^t to preach, but wherther (i. e. 
whether) the Vice-cancel lor did command to tlic contrary (as they say 
he did) 



a place at which they never fail 
of cuftard, cfder, calces, and ale, 
cream tarti, and checK-cakcs, good 

neat 1'- too (i^cs, 
snd pretty ^rli to wait opoo'l.'* 
Sec al*o a note of it m 1718 In Bllu' 
HtHifuiai Htamitincu ti. p. 66. 
' Arthur Crew ; »cc Jtoe 1663. 
■ proliably the mother o( Wood'« col- 
let frieni] John Wamfotd (lee p. 183); 
the %Vnmio(d«and Crew* being re&ident 
in the Mne parish (Highwoith in 
Wilto). 



' William Stsnn, M.A. Mert. 17 Dec. 
lG5i|{Dnlbc tame day as Wool) himaelC- 

' note in Wood MS. E 3i, fgl. 38. 
Ch. Ch. wttB founded for * a Dean tnd 
eight Canoai.' 

> Paiilvl Danrers, M.A. Tha. ColL 
6 Apr. 1654. 

• Warden of New CoU. 1649-1658. 

' Wood 500 is ' The tire and death of 
Mr. Vavasor rowcll.' publ. in 1671. 

" llcnry Hickman, B.D. Maed.C. 29 
May 1659. 

* Or. John Coitant, Rector of Exeter. 



asa 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



Ancttsi.— Tbe 4 day, T.. for Dutch paper, &/.— The 6 day, Tb., I gave to the 
Sdlers St William Holydayc's wrJdJng ', li ; the Mine day, spent, &/. — The 1 1 day, 
T^ at Olctes, ftJ; tlie &amc day ^pcnc ai Eailec, u 6«/. — The i^ day, F., I vcK at 
Dorchester.— The 18, T., at EUcks, &/.— The 3o, Th., spent att Elle«», u.— The 
31, F., {Aid to Mr. Jcane* for niy battles, tU. y ; the same day I n:ccivcd of Mr. 
Bomham. 30/.— The 35, T.. at Mr. tllcsca and at Mr. Erica, u +/.— The aj.Th^ 
91/ for a pint of wine fur Mr. ^Arthur) Crew. — The 39, &., B[ieiLt, ^J. 

*Aug. 4, T., he began lo peruse and run over all the manuscript 
collections of the great antiquary John Leland that arc reposed in the 
archiws of Codiic's library. He was exceedingly delighted in them, 
was never weary of them, but collected much from them. 

Aug., the 4 day, T., I began to read Leland's Collections, bib^lto- 
Uicca) Bod(lciana). 

(In Wood MS. E4,Woodgimthisaccoant of these MS.S,' -.—Johanni»I.elaocIi 

• CoUectionea' (or ' Collectanea ') in archivit bibliolhecac Bodlcianae. — Volmtuni 
gives excerpts from MSS. on Englia}) history and anli<]iii(ies; and contains 913 
pagesL — Vclumtn fl gives oUo hiitorical coUectioDs from varioua MSS. ; and con- 
tains 38] pages. — Velumen If! gives collections from various MSS. ; and also 
catalogoesof MSS. formerly in the libimry of religions houses in England ; it contains 
387 pages. — VolumtH IV gives Uvea of Uritish writers ; contaios 554 pages; and 
vas written in 1546. 

A synopsis of the cootcsts of ttwac four M.SS. is given In the 1697 Catalogiie ttnder 
the actnbcn 5103-5105, The MSS. arc autograph by Leland ; and arc now marked 

• MS. Top. geo. C 1-4.' 

Wood's excerpts from three four MSS'., niade oa 17 June 1660, arc foond in MS. 
Ballard 70 {oUm so) foL 1-15.) 

Aug., the 12 day, W., I began to read John Leland's Itineraries *, 
bibl. Bod). 

(In Wood MS. E 4 Wood notes of Johannis Lelaodl ' Itinerana in Anglia,* that 

• two Toltimcs of Itineraries vfcrc bcgnn 1 543, May 5.* These volumct, now 8 * ia 
tiuitiber, Leland's autograph, are now nuuked ' MS. Top. gen. e. 8-15 ': a synopsis 
of their coutents is given in the 1697 Catalogue of the Bodleian MSS^ under nos. 
5I07-51I1, Wood cites Us 'Collections out of Iceland's Itinerary' in Clailc's 
Wood's City of Oxford i. 171, ii. 333 ; but the only traces of these I have been able 
to tliscovei are some fragments b MS. Tinner 454, fol. 35, fol. 33 sqq. 



' at Ifley ; son of Baxtcn Holydiiy. 
Inscriptions at ' Eifley ' taken by Wood 
oil C> Aug. 1657; see in Wood MS. B 
15. also in Wood MS, E i, p. iHf. In- 
scriptions at Cowley txkcn by Wood in 
Aug. 1657 ; see ibid., p. i8». 

' see, for their history, Macnty's 
Annali of tht BadMan (edit. 1890) 

P- 75- 

* Vols. I- III were puUislie<l by 
Thomas Ilcanie nA\jt\u>A'% CdUfleueo 



in 1715 in 6 volamcs ; vo!. IV was pub- 
lished by Antliony Hall as Leland's dSr 
Utripti^rihitt in 1709- 

* published by Thomas Heame in 
1710-171) in 9 volumes. 

• seven <5nario volumes were given by 
William burton in 1633, the eighth 
(which Borton had lent and conid not 
recover) by Charles King of Ch. Ch. : 
Mocniy, nt mpnt. 



AUGUST, ieS7. 



aas 



Aug., Ihc 13, Th., and 20, Th., 1 plaid at tlw Mustek Schole. 

[Memorandum, F., Aug. 14, 1O57, Mrs. Read of Ipston (h^ixirtcd 
this life, who three weeks before her deaih was taken with a Gtt 
of vomitting and vomttted a live sjnder. Her name was Acton before 
she married.] 

This summer rages a new kind of feavcr, especially' in the country 
YiUfl^es. 

"Aug. 14, R, in his rambles about the country, he went to Dor- 
chester seven miles distant from Oxon to sec his old master David 
Thomas \ who, from being usher of Thame school, was now the 
bead-master of the free school at Dofcliesler, founded by John Feic- 
place, esq. an old bachelaur. — He bid succeeded in that office John 
Drope, lately fellow of Magd. ColL, who was the first master ap- 
[MJinted by tlie founder. A. W. could not but here acknowledge 
his owoe weakness, you may call it folly if you please, as being 
Startled at bis first sight of this most antienl city, famous for its being 
a station of the Romanes, for its entertaining S. Birinus^and after- 
wards for giving him burial, &c. The church is larg and antique, 
and hath contained many monuments of aniiquity, which are since 
spoylcd and defaced. Those that remaine he look an account of, 
as also of the armes in the wimkiwes, and tricked out widi his pea 
llie ichnography of the church and cloyster and buildings adjoyning. 
And at his departure Mr. Da\-id Thomas gave him some Roman 
Coynes found within the libenie of Dorchester. 

[Dorchester ', F., 14 .\ug. 1657. At Dorchester in Ihe county of 
Oxford was an abbey of Black Channons, founded, as Lcland saiUi, 
by Alexander', bishop of Lincolne. (Reniigius*, who was the first 
bishop of Lincolnc. tempore Willclmi Conquestoris, after the bishop- 
rick was translated from Dorchester to thai place, took care, as 



' ' Rcmcinljer to send to Mr. ^D«vid) 
Tbomb of Dorclicslcr for the suag of 
the bc<lelU in Oxon' — note by Wooil, 
prialed by HcAme At the end of ' Liber 
Niger Scaccaril.' 

* ' Aniiu 6^5 beatcu Rtrinus ecdeiiam 
Dorciwster fuoilavit ct ia ca scdit cpi»> 
copna primui — Lclvid lom. 3 p. 71 ' : — ' 
note by Wood printed by Hcanie at the 
end of ' Liber Niger SuccatU.' 

* inacriptiocis etc at tKircfaatcc takea 
bjr Wood on r4 Aug. 1657 ice In Wood 
M.S. B 15 ; oIm in Woud MS> E 1, p. 
391. At the ctid of Wood MS. £ t at 



fnl. 301 iqq. an ooats of arms ' in Dor- 
cticsto Church taken anno Domini i6]a 
per Mr WincheU." 

■ notes in Wood MS. C i, foL 991 
Bq()., collated with the original draft in 
Wood M.S. B 15. Reference may lie 
made to 'The Hi&tory of Dorchecler, 
Oxfordibirc' (Parker & Co., Oxford, 
iSSa) ; iwurd in one volume with ' Some 
Account of the Abbey Cbnrch of . , . 
DorchcKtcr,' by H. Addiogton, edit. W. 
C.Macfarlanc, 1883. 

^ Alexander was bishop Ii33'il47. 

* Keiiiigius, bishop lofi;-109i. 



324 



WOOIfS UFE AND TIMES. 



others' say, that ftn abbey should be erected at Dorchester least 
that pliftre should be ruined and »nk in oblivion.) Some say that 
the abbey i,ras built with ihe stones tliat came from the bishop's 
palace in Dorchester. The bishop's palace was on the right hand 
at the towne's end next to Oxon. There is no sign of the bishop's 
palace now, onlie a few hillocks thai are yei remaining. There is 
an house that standeth in the place of it, A it is called 'Bishop's 
Court." 

The frontispeice of the abbey of Dorchester stands at the vest 
end of the church, and the rest of the building run behind the north 
side. The outside of the abbey is all built of free-stone three stoi/ 
high, but the inside next to the court is built of timber and plaister. 
The limits of the abbey run mostly on the north side of the church. 
There be great flatted bamcs, that arc supported with bullrcsscs", 
yet standing, belonging to Mr. , . . Clerk, who hath a farmc bouse 
there, which some say was part of the abbey. The court lett* 
belongs to the Feteplaccs* of Swinbrook com. Oxon, neare Burford. 
There be verie pleasant walks in the grounds below the abbey, oU 
shadowed with elmes, and the river Thame ' running thereby. 

When the sclioolhouse was built by Jolm Fclcplace, esq., an antient 
bachclaur, which was about 3 yeares agoe, at the west end of the 
church, there were in digging of the foundations discovered certaine 
little roomes under ground, some pav'd very smoothly with hard 
while stone, and some brick'd round. In one of the roomes was 
an hearth in the middle, much like those (but farr less) in College 
halls. Mr. David Thomas the schoolmaster (lately usher of Thame 
Schoolc) told me that in digging at tlic west end of the church there 
was discovered a smal \^.v^\ that would hold 3 or 4 men or more, and 
at the (Op was a tonncit, like unto a chymncy but somthing larger. 
He told me that he thought when the abbey was standing, the tonnel 
did go to the uppermost roomes [and * iherin to convey themselves 
in times of inquisition or pi:rsequution by a long rope. But my 
opinion is that it was a place of punishment'. The vcstall virgins at 
Rome had such places of punishment; vide Godwin*, p. 14 edit 



' Wood MS. B 15 uyi:— 'u lome 
uf ttie mhobiliui!! kay.' 

» • pillar* * in Wo«l MS. n 1 5. 

* *thi« faime and tbe court-lcct,* In 
Wood MS. B 15. 

' 'x& htr. Fcltiplatc, in old ImvIcImt- 
lour,' ibid. 

» 'Tame.' iWd. 



• the pasvige in «jiiare brackets is 
from the earlier draft, being omitted in 
Wood MS. E I. 

^ Ihedcscnptionccrtitnly corresponds 
to an oubliette. 

* TbomaA Godwin, * ^emartae //is- 
l0riM Anihohgia' pobl. Oxford, 410^ 
16)8. 



AUCl/ST, 1667. 



335 



1638. in Roman IlistOT)*. There w-as a cloister on Ihe north side 
of Ihe church that led from the abbey to a north isle, joymng ibero 
unto. Sec in the ichnograjiliy. 

<PIan' of Dorchester Church.) 

.. .'. In the body of the church are no monuments remaining 
but one which is at the entrance into the choire. 'Tis a flat greyish 
marble, and thereon haih been the picture of a crosier engraven, now 
almost woren out. It* seems to be veiie ancient. 

At liie upper end of Dorchester chanccll on the south side are 
4 seatcs of stone in the wall, with canopies over each curiously canrcd 
in stone. Over ihem is a verie antient window, whcrin Ls represented 
the picture of S. Birine in his episcopal! habit, standing on the deck 
of a ship on the sea, sayling for Enj^Iand, and* several! priests with 
toDsur'd aowns or heads. In another light of the same window 
he is represented preaching on the sea before ccrtatne people willi 
him. In another he is preaching to king Kenigilsus. In another 
he is obtaining leave of pope llonorius to goe and venture himself 
to preach Xt unto the infidells. In another he is baptizing king 
Kenigilsus, and Oswald king of Northumberland stands there to be 
his godfather. 

In the north window oppoait to the former is the stock of Jesse, 
with iheir images, all curiously cut in stone in the pillars of the 
window. They have each of them a scroulc of writing in their hands, 
of an antient diaracler, but now almost quite obliterated. There 
are 27 or 38 images, some of which were much defaced by the parlia- 
luentary soldiers in the late rebellion. 

The walls of the chancell have been all painted vcric gloriously 
with sewrall sorts of beasts. There yet remaines a lyon, a griffin, 
a leopard. 

In my searches about the church I could not find any signe 
of iKshop Aescliwync's tomb, of free stone, which Leland mentioned. 

The tower that now is, is but of late standing; the staircase old. 
Upon the great bell is this ; — 

* rrotece, Uirioc, qnot codvoco, tu doe fine* 



' in Wood MS. E. i fol. 291 b ; copied 
ffom the earlier drawing in Wood MS. 

' Wocxl's long and minole accoant of 
tbe amu ud monamcRts i* omitted, as 
brloajjiD); to an Oxfordshire vokine.aad 
not to lhi& account of Wood's life and 



tlmei. 

■ *I bcleevc (it) Is one of Ihe ann- 
eientcft in all ibc cbuich ' : Wood AtS. 
B. 15- 

' ' with A manyofiliavenptelatswith 
bin,' in Wood MS. B. 1$. 



WOOD'S UFE AXP TIMES. 

On the south west «de of the towne, as Leiand salth, stoode two 
paris]i churches, and a great dealc of the lownc. There be often 
found ' numismata Romanonim.' A lilllc bejond Dorchester toward 
the meting of Tame and Isis is a trencli cast up from one river to the 
other. It is cast up on both sides of the trench. Some say that, 
when Synodune *, which is in Darkshire hanging over the river, was 
a Romaine garrison, this (trench) was to draw away the river that 
run under tlic garrison. Some say againc tliat it was only a place 
of harbour for the beselgers to defend themselves etc. 

Ncare the said lowne of Dorchester is a faire stone bridge built 
over the Tharais : and it hath to arches. John dc la Hctc ' bishop 
of Sw David's and Richard Drayton esq. were special benefactors lo 
the said bridge.] 

Beptember— 3 day, W., boxicM o{ Mr, David ^i.e. Psim), Lewij Owen ' ' Ub- 
nuukinj; of the Jeialu anA Monks,' ion/.— The* 7 day, M., tp«Dt nt Elleses, it.~~ 
The' 8, T., fpcnt, 6</.— The I5,T., nt Ellcic*, fii/.— The 16, W.. M Ejiiiham ', 6</. 
—The ai, M., at Evict, 10./.— The aa, T., at Ellesc«, C</.— The 35, V., p«d for 
incDding of atoclcLngs, fti/.~ -Hie jfi, S,, jwid to Nichyll for mcntling ray gownc, 
at itxf. — Tbc 37, Sn., bought of I'ores:, ' ihe RclAlion • of Nathanlc! Uutlcr/ 6J. — 
The 99, T., pnn to the ctcrke of St. Gilo, 3^. 

September. — (Sept.) ihc 5 day, S., csq(utre) Whor^voo(^s sonn. 
by name Bronie Whorcwood, was drowned in the seas betwixt England 
and the Isle of Whight, 

*SepL 6, S.— Brome \Vhorwood lately gent, commoner of S. 
Marie's hall, only son and heir of lirome \V'honvood of ilallon nearc 
Oxon, was drown'd in his passage from Hampshire lo the Isle of 
Wight. — He had been at the election of scholars at Winchester, 
and being minded to sec tlie Isle of Wight, did with George Crake ' 
of New coll. hire a vessel tliat was leaky, which sunk by that time 



' Wood cHes ' John l.eylaod of Syno- 
dnnc ' : see in Heanie*« Ijclwid. 

* vide Godwin in St. David's, (Fnincis 
Godwin 'de pr&csntlbns Aagliac Com- 
mcnlarins,') 

* Lewis Owen's 'The imoiukiDg of 
*U po|>iiih moaks, friers, and Jesuits ; or 
a treatise of their gcnealogte' . . ., Lomd. 
i638:\VoodD.a4((i;. WooilD. 96(5) 
is Lewis Owen') * The running register 
recording t tnie relation of the state of 
Ihe Engli&h colledgc^ temicarics uid 
cloystets in all fontiigDc parts,' Lood. 

tf>76. 

' thcw two cctrirs art in pencil. 



' inscriptioiuat Einshun aod b view 
from the Stnith Ea>t of the rutna of the 
Aht^Chorch there, taken by Wood 16 
Sept, 1657, see In Wood MS. B. 15 ; 
also in Wood MS. E. i, p. 4S. 

• either ' A full NanatiiT of Ihe mur- 
der coinmittcd OR Jotin Knight hy Na- 
thnnicl Uutlcr,' Lond. 1657. 4to ; Wood 
3*^5 ('3^ : or * An account of the life and 
death of Nathaniel Bncler' by Karidolph 
Ycarwood, Lond. 1657, Bto; Wood 
'73(1). 

' ' Cmke ' tioth in the Tanner and 
Ilarl. MS. See w/ra p. 204 note $. 



AUG.-^SEPT. ie«7. 



3*7 



thej* were half way in their journey. — I set this mcmoirc doune, 
because A. W. had acquaintance nnth both of them. 

•The motber of the t«iri Brome Whorwood who vn» dtown'rf, was Jine, danghler 
tnd one of the two cohcira of. . . kjther of Kirigi.tun ujimii Thames in Surrey, 
sorotiines (lurcyor of the (tables to K. Jimes 1, Bad daoghter ia Uw to J&mes 
Mucwell tif\. one of the gromet of the bed-chamber to K. Charlei I u having 
muTicd her mother after Kythcr'a death. A. W. reniembrcd her well, oa having 
often seen her in Oxon : she was red-bair'd as bet tooe Urotne was, acd was the 
mast loyal pcraon to K. Cborlcs I in bis miscncs, ns any woman in Knjjland, as h 
appcarcE by several exploits that she pctfonaed in order to bis pieservatioD ; 
among which I shall set dowoc these two. 

'After bis majcstie had been taken away frotE Holdsnby be waa conveyed by 
easie rcinovals to Hampton court Asgast 1647 '1 al which lime the dlizcus of 
London were very nnnily, had alienated their affections fram the parlLinKnt, were 
very nt-crec to the army, and wholly englin'd to liis majestic, as havmg a dcsignc to 
get bim among thcna, settle him tn Uie parliam. house and so conclude a pcAoe. 
Hit majesty knew all this, aiid knew the inaolencics and threatning of the parliam. 
ioldien which they gave out to destroy hizo, being animated so to do by the cabal 
ofjiarltatn. officers tutting at fctncy, which therefore made bim think ol an escape 
from Hampton Court, if be could well know to what place be couM goe. Jaoe 
V/horwnod knowing this, due went to William Lillie the n&tronomer living in the 
Stnuid within the Ubcrtic of Westminster to receive his jodgmcnt about it, that is 
to say, in what qnarter of the nation be might be most safe, and not be discovered 
till bimscU pleased. When shcc came to bis dorc, Lilly told her he woold not let 
her come in for be had boried ■ maid-servant of the plague very lalcty. * I fcare 
co4 the plagtK bat the pox,' aoitb shcc. So be let her in, and went Dp sioires. 
After Lillie bad erected his figure, be told bet that about lO [uilc6 from London and 
in hisex he was ceitainc the king might continue undiscovered. Shcc liked his 
judgment very well, and being bcTKlf of a Bh.iip judgment, reiiicinbri.-d a place in 
Essex about that dittaocc, whoe was an excellent bouse and all coovenicnces for 
his receplion. &c. Away shee went early next morning to Hampton cotut, to ac- 
qoaint his majestic ; but see the misrortonc, he cither guided by his owue appiuacb- 
■ng baid fate, or misguided by (John) Ashhurnham, went to TichJii^M in Hamp- 
shire, and icrrcndrcd himself to coL Robert Hammond governonr of the Isle of 
Wight. A. W. has benrd torn W. Lilly, that alderman . . . Adams of I.ondoa, 
•cut to hii majesty at Hampton Court a tbousaitd pound In gold : ttve hundred 
pound of which waa put into Jane Wborwood's hands, who gave Lilly for this and 
other judgments ao/i*. of the same money, as the said Lilly nsnolly reported. 

*ADolbeT loyal exploit was this. — His majestic being in Carcsbtok ciullc in the 
aaid Isle of W'ight, the Kentisb men were then in armcs for him and jciu'd with th« 
lord . . . Goring '. A considerable number of the best ships also revolted from the 
(■ailinment, and the dtir.ais of London were forward to rise against the p>arliametit : 
whercupoo his majestic dcsign'd an escape thcocc, if he coutd tell bow. A smal 
ship was provided ami anchored cot farr from the castle to bring bim into Saisex, 
and horses were provided ready to carry bim Ibio Sussex into Kent, and from thenoc 
to march immcdiatty tn London, where thousands would have armed for him &c. 



* 'Aafost 1647' Id the MS. h b 

pencil and now can hardly be made 
oul. 



* George Goring created baron 
Goiing 14 Apr. iC]8 : created earl 
of NorwicJi <S Nov. 1644. 



Q 8 




Cl. 



^ U 






< 
X 



aaS 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



These Ihlni^ bcin;; kntynnc amoof; the luof^s friends, uid particularly to JsikS 
Viliorwood, sh«e icpain-s againc lu Lillic, and acqnftints him with the matter: 
whcreopoQ he foX G. Fanner, a most ingeoions lodnanith dTrclling in Bonr lane In 
LuDiluD, to Euaiic a saw lu ciil iron bans nsundo-, I mcane to kiw them, and aqua 
fonii besides. TheK thin;;s beiag quidtly obtain'd, bis maj. in a smal time ili>i Itift 
worker Tbc barrs gnvc libcrtlc tu liim to go (.Hit, and be waa out with his body 
till he catnc to his breasts, bat then hii heait bilin^, he proccctlcd no faither ; to 
afteTwards he was krpt cloKt. These things A. \V. hnd from Will. Lilly; who 
told him, (and so he afterwards found it among »oaic oi his notes) that tiie said 
Jaoe 'U'horwiiod cimc to him againe (upon the direction, as he thought, of WilL 
lord Say ') to know from-thc pcnisal of his fiptre, whether his majeslie should signc 
the jvopoftilions tent to him by the parliament, so won as they were rend : to which 
Will. Ullic consentirjj, and that it was his only way w to doe, which by her, or 
her letters, weie communicated to his majestie, yet the said lord Say* did, aftirr hts 
majestic had communicated bis intentions to him what to doe, pemrndc Idu from 
signiflf; the »aid proiK»ilions, telling him, they were not lit for him to eii^ne, thai 
he (Say) had many fhcods ia the tl. of lords, and some in the houK of commons, 
and be would [irocnic loorc, nnd thtn they would fminc more easie propoMtioiit, 
&C. ThU perswasion of that luifoitunatc lord occasion'd his majesty to wa^x the 
advice oTI-illy aod otben», Ac. This Jane Whorwoud is the same- lady mentioct'd 
in the second volame of * Alb. « Fasti Oxen.' p. 53 j where yoa'l find that K. 
Charles I. hnd [int into her hands a cabinet of prclious jrwelU, to be by her kept 
till such tine that he should send for them ; which he did a little before his death : 
ari'I H'hat parted iheri-'iipon, you may see then. But ail these things being spoken 
l>y the by, let's proceed. 

(Sept) the 9 day, W., Dr. Gilbert Wans' of Lincoln Coll. died, 
and left Uireescore pounds worth of bookes lo the Coll. Lib(rary) [and* 
3 (?) score poimds worth to tlie PuWick Lib{rary).] 

•Sept. 16, W., A. W. went to Einshani lo see an old kinsman 
called Thomas Barncole*. He was there wonderfully atruckcn with 
a veneration of the stately, yet much lamented, ruins of the abbey 
there) built before the Norman conquest. He saw then ilierc two 
high towers at the west end of the church, and* some of the north 
walls of the church standing. He ^\xM. some time with a melancholy 
delight ' in taking a prospect ' of the ruins of that place All which, 



' WiUiara Fienes, 8th baroD and ist 
viscount Say and Sele. 

' here follow in the Tanner M.S., 
which alone gives this passage, tbc words 
' (then one of the commissioocrt from 
the parliament for a peace) ' : but they 
have a Line of dots nndec tfacm, Wood's 
hatiilital mode of indicating that a word 
or pasM^ is to be deleted. 

» Gilbert \V.itts, Fellow of Ijncoln 
from 9 Dec. 1611 till his death ; D.D. 
I Nor. 1^41; he died at Einsham and 




was buried in All Saints, Oxford. Seo 
DUb' Wood's Ath. Hi. 433. 

* The clause in square brackets is 
crowed out. The figure b uncertain^ 
' 3 ' corrected to ' 5 ' or vice versa. 

* see svpta p^ 34. 

* in the Harl. MS. the sentence ends: 
' and some of the wall:t on the north 
side standing.' 

' * a very great delight," b the Harl. 
MS. 

* a note piiotcd by lleame at the 




D 

X 



a 
< 



'■^ 



SEPT. — OCT. 1657. 



139 



together with the entrance or the lodg, were soon after pul'd do%Tic, 
and the stones sold to build houses in that townc and neare it. TIte 
place hath yet some ruins to shew, and to iiistnict the pensive 
beholder wiUi an exemplary frailty. 

October. — Tlic 3d lUy, F., paid the liaxber, 4; ; spent at Bodicot's the tamt 
daj, ^. — I'tic 5 day, M., paid to Mfs. BurhtMis, 41/. — The 8 day, Tt>., pud to 
Forrest iox my Ncwtrs Buukcs, u ; paid to Sim for niliiig my cnmcnon-plaM booke, 
9d, — The 9, F., spent, ^. — The 10, S., for n. jairc of gloves, u ; the same day, 
paid to Hawes, foi nn old score, li 2*1; the aacne, for a conitx, 31/. — The 13, T., 
at fillcso, (>ti: spent, u. — 17 day, S., ipcnt, W.— The 30, T., ipcnt at Earks witU 
Mr. CiesJt^', if id. — The Ji, \V., S[Kiitat the Tarenie with Mr. Drope, ti lod. — 
The 33. F., paid to Mr. Hotter, i/i'. i \s, and I left 7t>s to pay. — The aj. S., pTcn 
to a pctitioo, 31/. — The 36, M., given to Bishop the Taiker, 31/. — llie 37, T., at 
Ellcscs, 6d. — The If), Th., to Rich for a pain of afaocs> 4X ; to his prentices box, ir. 
—The 30, F., speat, 8</. 

October.— [John ' Lydall, Mr. of Arts, lately fellow of Trinity Col- 
lege, son of John Lydall of Ipsdcn in com. 0.xon and of Uxmore also, 
died, M.,tlie 12 Oct. 1657 ; and was buried in Trinity Coll. chappelt; 
aet. 3a or therahouts; sine prole. — Elizabeth, sister to the said John 
Lydall, died in the house of her brother Dr. Richard Lydall neare 
J^Ierton Coll., S., 31 July 1673; and was buried in Mert. College 
church under the tower, 2 Aug. — Their elder brollicr Robert Lydall 
of Didcot or Dudcot in Berks died, M., 36 Nov. 1677, act. 6z; and 
was buried there.] 

October the la day, M., at 4 of the clock in the morning, Mr. John 
'Lydall of Trinity College died.— This* is Mr. John Lydall his coate 
that he had upon his hearse when he was buried. 

<JohQ Lydall, M.A. Trio. 3 Apr. 16.47 • ^<^ Gutch'i Wood's CoU^s and UatU 
P- .f 34- Wood 850 (' Am Saiicturii .SAnctorii . , . de statica medicino,' Lugd. Hut. 
1543) formerly txilonged to him. and has hi& autograph 'John Lydall, Trim Coll. 
Oxon.* At the end Lydall hns jotted down a frw mcdigal uj>iniuns : — {a) 'itnell 
of the fiesh earth, 117 whal virtue iticte is in the cxtr. of it : it is likely tt niay be 
soreraigne against the plague, etc. — some (bare been) cured by lying in their 
graves (Slymaker), and sotne wornen in hiBtcricall lits.' [&) 'going after ihc [ilooj^h 
very who tsome {»ce /<//m pp. 177, 178); W(illia)ai Scott his crapnla cured by 
it' (0 ' Capt. A. laith that after a great famine at sea Ly rcaMKi oi a oaboc of 3 



end of 'Ubcr Niger Scaccarii' refers 
perhaps to the loan of this drawing :— 
• Remember to askc Mr. . . . Vincent of 
All Sonles for the prosped of the niins 
of Fntliam Abbey.' 

* Zephulah Cretwt, M.A. Moj^d. C. 
1 1 June 1657. 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 92. 
Wood gives these arms In coloon :— 



' azare a saltlie or, over all on n fen of 
the last 3 pcllcls.* 

' Wood gives the coat in trick. The 
arms are: — ' b^loc) a saliire or, over 
&U on a fcss of the tax thice roundles 
ft(KbI«>* tLc. 3 pellets). Fourwi in 
Papwortb as the cuat of Ljdall or 
Lyddallj co. Bcrits and co. Oxon. 



23* 



WOOD^S LIFE AND TIMES. 



[Latimer Cross \ a Lincolnshire roan', steward of the lands belong- 
ing to Magdalen College, died at his house neare Magd, Coll., Th., 
3 Decemb. 1657 and was buried in Magd. Coll. chappcU. He 
married . . . Cracroft of the same counly, sister to Thomas Cracroft, 
fellow of Magd. Coll., by whom he had issue ; but they died yong. 
Shee was afterwards married to Samuel Nicholls, Mr. of Arts and 
Fellow of Magd. CoIL, aAerwards minister of ... in Sussex. — Latimer 
Cros?, scholar of Corpus Xti Coll., died, M., 21 Apr. r663, buried in 
Corpus Xii clo>'8tcr\ He was son of the said Latinicr. He was not 
burit-'d there but in S. Peter's church in the East, as I have since been 
informed from that register.] 

The 24 day, Th., of December, I was att the dinner of Mr. Edmund 
Gregory (of Cuxham, com. Oxon.) his supposed wedding, being at St. 
Barlhelmcw'.** nearu Oxon. 

•Dec. 24, Th., at about eleven or twelve at noon* (Merton college 
bells being then ringing) William Bull, fellow of Allsouls coll. and 
Henry HawEey, fellow of Oriel, were with A. W, at his lodging neare 
Merton coll., and smiling upon him and upon each other, they told 
him, he must walk with ihcm to S. Banlielmew's hospital neare Oxon 
and dine there with ihem and others of his acquaintance, but would 
■not tell him, who liicy were, or upon what account '. He went forth- 
with with them and comming there about one of the clock, who 
should he sec there, newly up from his bed and ready but l-Mmund 
Gregory, bach, of Arts, lately gentleman commoner of Merton Coll., 
who, in the evening before had conveyed thither a yong gentlewoman 
of 1 5 yeares of age, named . . , Pottinger of Choulesley neare Walling- 
ford in Berks, whome he had stole from her parents ". They were 
married early that morning in the cliappel of S. Barthelmcw's hospital, 
which being done he bedded her for fcare of a pursuiL The com- 
pany sat downe to dinner between one and two of the clock in the 
afternoon, after die bridegroom had presented his bride (smiling) to 
them. They tarried till 'twas dark and then went to Cuxham neare 



> note lo Wood MS. F. 4, p. 93. 
Wood gives this coat la colours . — 
'qn<uterl]r gulca and or, in tlic lint 
quarter a crus» Ijntune argent ; crest, a 
stork omrc holding in iU licak a cro%s 
batutie [^Cruu] ; impaling, per pale 
uorc and ctilcs on a besd danccttcc or 
3 martlets sable [ Ciacrofl].' 

' W'owd n<il(« ia the idargin : — ' lie 
wa» »uu of J»shua Cross, ftcnt., living 



at Newarke in com. Nott., 1633.' 

' corrected by the coucludiuf; port of 
the note. 

* * at abottt 1 1 or 1 3 of the clock in 
the monjiiig ' in the Harl. MS, 

* ' ii;>un vrhat account I was to dine 
there,' in the Harl. MS. 

' in Wood MS. K 33 fol. 300 : — 
* stole away the day twlbic fruni Iicr 
frcituls.' 



AUGUST, 1667. 



4*5 



1638, in Roman History. There was a cloister on the nonli siilc 
of the church that led from the ablxry to a north isle, jo)'mng there- 
unto. Sec in the ichnography. 

(Plan' of Dorchester Church.) 

.. .*. In the body of the church arc no monumonts remaining] 
but one which is at tlic entrance into the choJrc. "Tis a flat greyish 
marble, and thereon halh been the picture of a crosier engraven, now 
abnoHt woren out. It* seems to be verie anttcnl. 

At the upper end of Dorchester chrtnccll on the south side are 
4 seates of stone in the wall, with canopies over each curiously carved 
in stone. Over them is a veric anticnt window, wherin is represented 
the picture of S. Birine in Iiis cpiscopall habit, standing on the deck 
of a ship on the sea, sayling for Kngland, and * Rcvcrall priests with 
tonsur'd crowns or heads. In another light of the same window 
he is represented preaching on the sea before cenaine people with 
him. In another he is preaching to king Kenigilsus. In anothei 
he is obtaining leave of pope Honorius to goc and venture himself] 
to preach Xt unto the intidclls. In another he is baptizing king^ 
Kenigilsus, and Oswald king of Northumberland stands there to be 
his godfather. 

In the north \^indow opposit to the former is the stock of Jesseyi 
with llieir images, all curiously cut in stone in the pillars of the 
window. They have each of them a scroulc of writing in their hands, 
of an aotlent character, but now almost quite obliterated. There 
are 27 or a8 images, some of which were much defaced by the parlia- 
mentar)* soldiers in the late rebellion. 

The walls of the chancell have been all painted verie gtorioosly 
with scverall sorts of beasts. There yet remaines a lyoo, a griffin, 
a leopard. 

In my searches about the church I could not fmd any sigiic 
of bishop Acschwyne's tomb, of free stone, wliich Leland mentioned. 

The tower that now is, is but of late standing ; the staircase old. 
Upon the great bell is this : — 

' I'Totegc, Hirioe, qoM coovoco, tn sine fine.' 



' la Wood MS. E. 1 fol. 391 b ; copied 
fro™ the c&rlkr drawing tn Wocd MS. 

B.15. 

' Wood's long nrul miitDte account of 
the arms and tnonotunils is oniitKni, fts 
belonging In an Oxfoidihin; vulpnir,.-tii(l 
001 to ihis Rccotuit or Wood'i life and 

Q 



timet. 

' 'I bclceve (it) b one of the xnn- 
dentcM in all the church ' : Woud MS. 
B.15. 

' ' witb a tnuiy of thareo pidits Kith 
him,* in Wood MS. B. 15. 



B34 



IVOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



Pollard' ofNcwtiaiD. — Vi^at bUbop WHght's christian nitcnc wfti, and his sonn's 
is *. and Robinaon's i%. — The quancrinffs of Sheldon of Bcoljr, Wig.* — Cheritoo ' 
of Wulvcrcotc his inncs, uiil whnt his mother's zuune was. — Whnt Ruynolds* 
{of' Cunogtoa) armes arc. — . . . od's cpitAph coocem. Canany u|>ua Bcla^j-K. — 
To look ovrr (Itriao) Twin* conceniin|r Uliittokc. — The I»erw;£ictor(s) tn\ 
prindpaU(s) of Pemb. Coll.— To ukc Mr. (? Edward) I'hillipg conccnita{r MS, ia 
W. C." — To aske llawkius coaoeming M.S. in A. — To write lo E. S.' 



(Wood 346 no. 3 is * A tme and exact relation of the strange finding of Moses 
bis lombc in a valley necre anta mount Ncbo in Fnlpslinn ' etc, Land. 1657, On 
this Wood luu noted : — (d ) ' This is a mecrc lye ; it wai wiitt by Thomas Chaloner 
esq. nnd invcnlcd at a tavern in London,' {h) ' The '" Tnic and exact relation " 
fullowinR did, when it fint came oat Kcm a great wonder to the Presbyterian 
divines and puzzled many of them till the To^uery was discovered,') 

(Wood 364 (36) is ' A messenger from the dead or a conference between the 
ghosts of Henry VIII and Cbarls 1* 1658 ; in which Wood notes ' " Nunlius 
n raonnis, hoc est, stupendum "... colloquium etc,'* Loml. 1657. octavo ; note 
that from this Latin book printed at London 1657 is tlK silly pamphlet (' A mc»- 
Bcnger' etc., xm/vh) taken.') 

(Wood 498(1) is [Miles Windsore's] 'Acadcmianim in Etiropa Catalogue/ 
Lond. 1590; aiid hu the cote 'Aat. Woode, i6a7.') 

[Thomas Hyll •, student of Ch. Church, a great eater, was reported 
to have eaten up a potuid of caiullcs. . . . He was the miller's son of 
Osney and died as I remember about 1657. He was a goud scholar 
but xnanngcd and spent his time so that he comprehended it in llicsc 
2 verses; — 

*Moni, mend hose, stu. Gredce, bmkfait, Austen, qaoqne dinner: 
AAcmoooe, wa. me., era. nu., take a cop, quoquc supper* 

i.e. in ihc morning, mend his hose or stockings, study Greeke, brwk 
his fast, study Austen, then go to dinner; in the afternoone, walk in 
Ch. Cb. xaeaj^ crack nuts, and drink, and then for supper.] 



■ seep. 319. 

' Rob*rt Wright, bishop of Lichfield 
and Coventry, llii lun Calvert sold 
his estate to JoKh Kobuuoo : su^a 
p. 119. 

■ ic. Worccsterehire, 
* see in Nov. 1661. 

' MC ia NoY. i66i. 



• ? Magd. CoU. 
' ; his 'oozca' Elizabeth Stamp': 

kM [>. 335. 

* in the margin is written : — * puti- 
dom, mcndacium, in sulrudiuni causae 
pontificiae (i*^- Komaniisl) haruio ar- 
liuro indigac et olias niiturae,coDrictum.' 

' note Id Wood M:>. K. 31 p. 20. 



DEC. 1667 — J AS. 1658. 



335 



r 10 Car. n. 



1655 and 1668 : -^ S OUv. 
i 1 Bioh. 



protect. 



Wood set. 26. 



January. — ^Thc i $t Hay, F., Tor ihU alnunaokc, ^ \ paid to Mr. Potter pait of 
ntf dcU, i/(. xos \ paid to Mr. Hawes for a paifc of dof-sVio gloves InnnM, it 6t/. 
— ind, S.. for a cambrick band, a/.~Tbe 6 day, \V., for ■ pair of shoes, 4f ; 
a band, \t \txi\ spoil, 6(/, — The 8, F., a news booke owing mc. — Tlic 9, S.. to 
Mr. Fforcrt for pamphlrtti, . . . .—The u, T., at Ellcsca, 64/; for a slate 10 write 
on, \s. — The 14, Th., spent. &/; the same day (or a horse ta gue to Haaely, n (ui. 
— 16, S., for Nannton'i ' ' Fraga»enu Regalia.' W; the same to Church for bis 
bos. Is. — 19, M., al EUcscs. &/; spent, \d. — aa, F., spent, Si/.^aj, .S-, spent ii[>on 
tny co£. Eliiabcth Stamp, W; the same for a pacaphlett, id; the same lo Joan of 
Hcdin^lon for puddings, 8</, — 95, M., spent at Joan of HcOinf^ton with Mr. 
(Zcphoniah) Crescct, U; for'the" Foundation of Oion Uni\-eriity,' 61/. — i6, T., 
a news boolce owing me, — t"}, W,, to Mr- Davis for a vol.' of Mcrc«r(iii») 
Aul(ictis), ^ ; for Riche's * ' Shorthand,' (>J. — 39, F., for 3 of Wbartoo's Alma- 
nacks*, ^. — 30, S., for dressing a batt, Oc/. 

January. — January the 5th day, T., at night, Dr. Edward Corbel, 
rector of Ilasely, com. Oxon, departed this life at London ; and was 
buried the 14, Th., at IlascIy aforesaid. 

[Al Haseley •. On a larg blew marble Uiis : — 
■ Hcic Ed»ardu« Corbet' . . . 

On another : — 

* Hcic Margareta Corbet donait MDCLVU 
Heic Rohcrtua CorlKt dormit MDCLV.' 

These two stones were here laid by the care and charge of Edward 
Corbel D.D. rector of this churdi (somtimes fellow of Merlon Coll. in 
Oxon.) who died al London, T., 5 January- 1657 (i.c \), and w-aa 
buried here on, Th., the 14 of the same month ; but nobody look care 
to put on, or to fill up, tlic inscription on the said stone. He was 
borne at Fontsbury in Shropshire, and descended from the antient 
family of the Corbcts tlicrc. His armes at his funcrall were: — 'or, 
two ravens in p.nic sable.' ]\fargarct Corliei before mentioned was 
bis wife, daughter of Sir Nathaniel Drcnt, warden sometimes of 



* Sir Robert Naaotoo's ' Fiagmcnta 
Regalia: observatioos oa lb« late 
Queen ICliiabcth hu tim^s and fiivour- 
llM,' Lond. l6gOi Wood a88 /jV 
Another copy, of tlic 164 1 edilioo, is 
Wood 486 17). 

■ Load. 1651 ; Wood Sl3(l>- Wood 
$I3()) is the companion paper for 
Cambridge i Wood 433 (4!' (5) U the 



Cambridge paper at reprinted in 1673. 

* perhaps Wood 633 and 634, ' Mercu> 
rius Aolicui'for the yean i643aiid 1644. 

* not now in the Wood collection. 
In Ihtf Aihraole oollectloii is Jeremiah 
Kidi's * I'bc pen's dexterity completed,' 
\amv\. 1659. 

' DOW in Wood 10. 

■ note ia Wood MS. £. 1 foL aCS b. 



336 



WOOD^S LIFE AND TIMES. 



Merton Coll. Shee was buried by her little son Robert, 5 March 
1656 <i.e. ?>.] 

[Martin Aylworth', borne in ihe diocess of Oxford, Dr. of ihe 
Civill Law and fellow of Allsoulcs, died in AlUoulcs Coll. about is 
of ihe clock at night on M., tlie 11 day of Januar. 165I, and was 
buried in Allsoulcs Coll. ChappcU. He was then about 70 ycares of 
age but was never married. He was the son of Anthony Aylworth, 
Dr. of Physick and somtimes the king's professour of Phj-sick of this 
Universitie, who married, as I conceive, the daughter of Dr. Waller 
Bayley somliracs the king's professour of Physick in this University. 
Sec the epitaphs of the said Anthony Aylworth and Walter Bayley in 
lib. 2 ' Hist, ct Antiq. Univcrs. Oxon.' p. 153 col. a.] 

Jan. the n day, M., at iz of the clock at night doctor < Martin) 
Ailworth, fellow of Allsoules died acd was buried in the College 
ChappcU'. His armes upon his hearse were*: — 'a^rgcnt) a fcss 
between ti billetls g^alcs).' His mother's armes were impaled wilh 
it, viz.: — 'g{ules) 3 martlelts o<r}, a cheif verrey a(rgenl) and 
b(lue),' by ihe name of Baylie. 

•Jan. 14, Th.j he (A. W.) went with the societie of Merton coll. to 
Haseley about 7 miles distant from Oxon, being all invited to the 
funeral of Dr. Edward Corbel* rector of that towne, who was then, 
and there (in the chancel), buried, — He had taken a view of the 
monuments there before '. 

[Thomas Jennings *, Master of Arts and fellow of Magdalen 
College, died late in the night on S. the 16 January 165^; and was 
buried in the College chappcll.] 

Jan., the 16 day, S., at 12 and i of the clock at night dyed Mr. 
Thomas Jennings, fellow of Magdalen Coll., and was buried in the 
Chappt;U\ He bore to lus armcs: — 'o(r), on a fcss g{ules) 3 
besants.' 

The 17 of January, Su., Mr. Thomas 0!dfL-i(I>d, fellow of Oriall 
Coll. Oxon, departed this life at 9 of the clock at night. He bcarcs 
to his armes : — ' o^r), on a pyle v{er)t 3 garbes of the first,' 



* note ia Wood MS. F. 4, p. 93. 
Wood K^m in colour thnc trms: — 
' vgtnt a Chs between six billtts gnlct 
[Aylworth]; intp&ltng.cnles 3 martlets 
or, a chief vait [Haylcy].' 

■ Gutch^ Wood's Coll. mad lUlls, 

P- 303. 

* in Papworth, u the amis of A11- 
wmtti or Aylwoitb, co. Devon. 



' Wood notes in the margfa : — 'sec 
in thv 3 vol. of Ath. et Fasti Oxoa 

• secj«/»rri note 3 p. 318. 

• RoleiiiWoodMS. F.4,p.94. Wood 
gives Ui coluufs ibe arms: — 'or, on » 
fees gutcs 3 beiaiits.' 

^ Gutch'sWood'sCollcgcsandHiUlst 
PJ48- 



JAN.—FEIi., 166a 



237 



[Thomas Oldfield*, Mr. of Arts and fellow of Oriel College, died, 
Su., 17 Januar. 16531 and was buried in . . . church in Southwerke 
by London. lie was borne in the dioccss of Wynchester and county 
of Surrey.] 

Pebruarjr.— ad, T., nt Ellcses, &/; spent, (w/.— 4, Th., at the Pitt, \t 61/; tbo 
Sjimc day, ^d. — 5, F., for » band, 2J ; the same, for buckels, 7^—9, T., for my 
mustck-RKCting, SJ. — 16, T., nttEIIcMrs, M; ftaitl In Formt for patnpTiIctts, ss9d. 
— 18, Tb., to Bishop for menclbK my vlall, 1/ ; to Rich for my shoes and spent, I j. 
— 33, M,, for nil'd paper and inke, frf. — J3, T., at Ellete*, fir/. ^14. \V., rcvcived 
of my brother Robert my reot that he icoeived of Mr. £ely fur me, 5/ 41/, besides 
14 pound of candle* that ai«dae to me'. — 3£, Tit., for rioll-&tiiags, "jJ; the siune, 
for mj maitck-meeting. 91/. 

February.— Feb., ihc 5 day, F., Mr. Ezra Price, fellow of Univers. 
Coll. died and was buried in University (College) outward chappie. 

Feb., the 10 day, W., Dr. Gerard Langbaine, Provost of Queens 
Coll., Oxon., departed this life ; and was buried in the chappell' the 13 
day, S. He bcarcs to his armes, * g^ules) a fess between 3 raascles 
voided ar^gent) ' ; impaling on the sinister Sunnybanke, viz.—* b(lue), 
a sun projjer ^or * or'), a bank in base vert.' {Wood gives this last 
coat also in trick.) He departed iliis life al lialfe an hour past 8 of 
the clock at night, the 10 day ; W. lie was borne at Barton in West- 
morland and was bred up there at the free-schoole and setled 30 
pounds per annum upon it which he gathered out of his augmentation 
that was allowed him. 

[Gerard Langbaine*, Dr. of D. and provost of Queen's College, 
died about 8 of the clock at night on W. tlie 10 day of Febr. 165J ; 
and vrm buried in that College chappcll, S., the 13 day of the said 
month. He left thirty pounds per annum to the free-schoole of 
Barton-kirk in Westmoriand wherin he had been educated in 
grammar learning. See more of him in ' Ilisi. et Antiq. Uniwrs. 
Oxon,' lib. a p. 132 col. 1 et p. 125 col- i. — He married Elizabeth, 
the widdow of Dr. Cbrisiopher Potter mcmioned befwe in p. (r^**)' 
by whom he had issue Gerard Langbaine •, borne in the parish of S. 



■ BOte In Wood MS. F. 4, p. 94. 
Wood given the arma in colonrt: — ' or 
on a pile vert 3 gaibi of the field.* 

* this is marited ' received '— cee 31 
Mar. im/nt. 

* Gntch't Wood'i Co^ and Halli, 
p. 16a. 

* note* io Wood MS. K. 4, p. 94. 
Wood gives in loIoiiis these tm\» : — 
'golei a feas between 3 ma»c1cs voided 



aif^cnt [I.anghaii)c] ; Impaliai;, axnre a 
chemin between i sons in their glory 
01 [Siinbauk].* Over the last coat he 
has a pcDcil note '(it sboold be?) a 
(e$& : arnirti fal^* 

• in Wood MS. F, 4 on a slip posted 
00 to p. 75 U thia note: — 'Oetatd 
l^anj^bftioc left hi» wife and bona in 
Holywell in the bcginninc of June i68j 
and Henl.anay with a whoicish woman 



as* 



WOOD^S IJFE AND mfES. 



Peter in the East 15 July 1656 (he look lo wife - . . Greenwood). — 
There was an elder brother calle<l Wniiam Langbaine who became a 
student in Queen's Coll. 1663. aged 15; afterwards commoner of 
Magd. CoU. and Mr. of Arts. He died at Long-Crendon neare Brill 
in Bucks 3 June 1672; and was buried in the church there; sine 
prole.] 

Remember to ask Dr. (Henry) Wilkinson ', what (Liy my cor^n 
(Thomas) Jlenant shall wait upon him. \\c w-as w(aitcd) on 
Shrove-Tuesday'. 

Manlb. — ^Tbe id, T., for strinqcs, ^d. — 4, Th., to Cbnrcli for a Spanish pciw, 
fl*^— fit F-. »H ELIcscs, 6d. — <S, S.. for Qoarlcs' • Uomabas* * Boanerges.' li arf. — 
7, So., for sackc, 4^. — 8, M., for cider and mtuidc nuting, ix td. — 9, T., for 
washing of my gownc, S(/. — ti, Tli., to Dan. Porter for tnctldnlls ami a brass 
coinc*, lod. — la, F., given lo Mr. (Ucnr>) .SiiiLf*s when Mr. (Edmnnd) Gregory 
and bis wife was ia townc, (ki. — 16, T., att Gileses, Hi/. — 19. F., for a qokr of 
paper, lo^: the axae, given iw&y, ^ci.~io, S., for Elias Aahmolc's picture, 6tl. — 
»i, W., receircd of Mr. Uombam, 3/1.; the umc, for my baltlcs, loj dd. — 22, M., 
at Hocley. ir.— 34,\V.,at Wulvercolt, i*. — a6,F,. paid my barber his quarteridgc, 
41.— 30, T., lo Bobart* for Burcet-roott, W; the same at Ellcscs, 6rf. — 31, W., 
received o( yonog Mr. Ellwood for his brolber's dcdits, 5/; received of Mr. Eyly 
the rate of 15 pound of candles at ^ ob. the pound. 

March. — The second of M.-»rch, T., Mr. Georg Potter, one of the 
thirteen, Oxon, departed this life about one and a of the clocke in 
(the) aflernoone. He beares to his armcs 's(able) a fess er(minc) 
between 3 5-foylcs a(rgcnl) '; imjiaUng, *s(able) 3 bells ar(genl) a 
cant(on) er(rainc) ' (Porlcr). 

[George Potter *, citizen and draper of Oxon, and one of the thirteen 
of the same, died, T., 2 of March 165^ ; and was buried in the 
parish church of All hallowes. He married Joane, daughter of . . . 
Porter of Abendon : by whome he had issue one daugliter named 
Elizabeth that was married lo Edward Faldo ^ alderman of London.] 



named . . . daughter of WafofoTd who 
lived In Halywrll. This Oemnl I.ftng- 
bainewas soaofDr Gerard Lno|;ljainr.' 

^ principal of Magd. H. 1648-166J. 

' Shrove-Tneadayin tftjilwrnsisFcb. 

' Fiasdi Quarlcs* * Bokn^r^n and 
Banutbas, or judgment and mercy,' 4th 
edit. Loiid. 1657 ; not DOW In the Wood 
Collection. 

• Wood's coins and medals were 
bequeathed as port of his estate lo bis 
nieces, and the collection dispersed at 
tiU<k«th. Dr. Richard Rawlinson says 



that some of them were got by the 
Botlleion T-ilirmy, some by New Coll. 
I.ibrnry, and the i»t sold to an Oxford 
goldsmith. 

* Jacob Bobart, keeper of the Physic 
Garden. 

* note In Wood MS. F. 4. p. tjf : 
Wood gives the arms in colours : 'sable a 
feu ermine between 3 cinqoc lolls argent ; 
impaling, sable 3 bells argent, a canton 
argenL* 

* • Waldo ' comxtcd lo ' Faldo ' in 
tbenuiTgiiL 



240 



WOOD'S urn and times. 



[March* lo, W., Robert Powell, postmaster of Mcrt. Coll., ncphe 
of Mr. John Powell one of the senior fellowcs, died : buried in the 
south part of S. John liapt. church.] 

'Mar. 12, F., Edmund Gregory and his new wife in Oxon. A. W, 
attended tlicrn, shew'd them the public Ixbrar}-, iVnaloiny scliool, &c. 

•Mar. 17, \V., or thereabouts liis cozen John Tavcmer', son and 
bcir of John Tavemer of Soundcss neare Nettlebed in Oxfordshire 
esq., died at Greys-Inn, and was buried in S. Andrew's church m 
Holboroe neare London. His sister Mary, the wife of John Harris o^ 
Silkstcdc neare to Winchester, was his heire '. 

[JOUK • TavesnR r of North Elmhani m. Alice, sole Oanghlpr imd bcir of 

in Norfolkc, obiil 1545. 1 Robert Sylvester of Bryslcy m Norf<rfk; 

first wife. 



Kf argirct m Ncwptte of 

Xoffolkc 



Richard Tavcnicr of Woodealon 
in com. Okod, obih 1575. 
<«v pedigree oa p. 339.) 



Margaret, dnughtcr of m. Richarc) HnnTS, 
. . . Newgate of Norfolke, | rector of Hardwi<jc 
gent I in Bucks. 



John Hum? D.D. tomtimcs fellow m. ... 

of New Coll., afltfrwnrds warden 

of WinL-hcirter Coll.; died tlicrc nnd 

wu boned in the chapd 

belonging to thiit college. 



Nithaaiel Hairy? 

became fellow of New Coll., 

1588; nftvrwudi LL-Dr. 



John Honys of Silkitodein w. Mary Tnwmer. 
Kunpfihire, tomtimct of New Colt. (jtt pedigree on p. 339.}] 
Oxun. and barmtcr of the Inner Temple. 

Mar, the 19, F., or thereabouts, Mr. Raye of Whitham com. Bcrl 
died. 

[March ao', S., 165^, Mr. Edward Wray and Mr. <? John) Petty-] 
place of Swinbrooke an old bachelor departed this life. Mr. Wray 
was buried at Whightani com. Berks and Mr. Fcttypiace att. . .] 

The 20 day Martii, S., the report went that my coien John 
Taverner ' died at London. 



' note in Wootl MS. E 33. 

' John Tsvctncr, t>orn in co. Oxon., 
an ' oDdcrgrndtiatc and fresbman/ was 
imnidcUinto a Darby fellowship in I. inc. 
Coll. (for which he was not qualified by 
birth) by the Tarliamentary Viiiton, 
Feb. tfiii, n»ignc(l 5 June 1654. His 
tnatricnlaiioo (' goictW ftUun ') i» dated 



II Nov. 1650. 
' see the jwdigrw on p. 339. 

* pedigree in Wood MS. E. I, fol. 
149 b. Sec iufra [1. 38. 

* note in MS- Kawl. I). fUm 139a J 

* of Cray's Ion, formerly fellow of-^ 
Lincolo College : ice tupra p. 339. 




< 



a 



< 

X 

o 

a 
It, 

> 
w 

< 

>■ 
u 



O 
H 

cu 



MARCH, 1658. 



a4i 



The 23 Martii. T., I was at Ousney, where I gave 8<y to a poore 
man (ihat was a digging) for a peice of p<ope) Jo(hn> the 33, and 
also a French peice — boih which was found there the ycare fore- 
going. 

*Mar. 23, T., he walked to Osney', where seeing a pooru man 
digging in the ruins, he shcw'd A. W. a leaden impression or tlie seal 
of pope John 23, which he bought of him. 

•William Byrd', of Hallj'well in the suburbs of Oxon, stonecutter, 
did in the latter end of this yeare' find out the payniing or siayning 
of marble : a specimen of which he presented to tlic king after his 
restoration, as also to the queen, and in 1669 to Cosmo prince of 
Tuscany when in Oxon. 

•In the latter end of this yeare' Da\is* Mell, the most eminent 
violinist of London, being in Oxon, Peter I'ett, William Dull. Kenelm 
Digby, and others of AUsoules, as also A. W., did give him a very 
handsome entertainment in the taverne cal'd The Salutation in S. 



/ 



' Hc»mc at Ibc tnd of ' Libct Niger 
Scaccorii ' printed some ootes by Wood, 
of date 1657-1660. on some aheeU 
wbiiJi bad come into hU poMwssioo. 
Some of these, which refer to Osacy and 
its ncit:;hl)aurhnnd, mny be oooveiucnlly 
brought together here ;- - 

(«) ' reioemlKr to tkke the airae* out 
of u nnnctcnt house by Bookbi&dcn 
Uridgc in St. Thomiu pftritb.' (Sec 
Cluk's Wood's City of Oxfoid, ii. pp. 
159, i6o.> 

(b) ' there i& a j^ace on (he south 
«de of the ruiits of Ovsney, hy tbc river 
»ide, which is called " Oniocy walkc."' 

(c> • Oasney tower polled down after 
thefier.' 

(d) * rcmenibrr to goe lo Ousney to 
lake out the ortoes oat of the windows. 
There be two coates that can he per- 
ceiTCf] without in the coBit, rii,, (i) 
FniDce and £nj;laad quarterly Aod (3) 
the Doylycs.* 

(c} ' remember to a.<ike afler the [lic- 
tares in University CoIIc);c that came 
from Otimey.* 

(0 • remember to aske Mr. <Kalph> 
Dation for to have a sight of the mines 
of OuaDcy that were in a window in 
bishop (KobcTt) Kind's Isle on the 
luttth lidv of Christ Cburdi quicr.' (Sec 



Clark's Wood's City of Oxford, li. pp. 

9. i59-> 

(g) ' at OoBiey 00 the rifjht band as 
yon goe there, nccic the mill, where, as 
they My, the abbott's lodgings were, 
was a very Cair hall as liigg as any 
College bnll (in) Oxon except Christ 
Chorcb, and the slaires ns thry went up 
were soe large (as they say) that 6 or 8 
men might gt>ctip all in a brcst.' (See 
Clark's Wood's City of Oxford, ii. p. 

(h> * rcmembct to take the armes out 
of the Ticaridge by S. Ebbc's church.' 

(i) *iii Rewley wiiidowcs were for- 
merly these armes:— (i) " b(lii«), a 
bend sinister a(rgeQt)": (1) "portk 
|ier pale, li(tne) and a(rgcnt), a bexant 
or plnle in the midtilc" Quaere quae 
(scripsi) in alio toco inter " inscriptionc* 
ct arma." ' 

* Wood obt:uneti information from 
him : In Wood MS- D 4, p- 119 Wood 
has a note ; — ' tlicsc three loscriptions 
(in Wantage) I had from the stone- 
cctter \V. Bird of Oxon.* 

* the year with Wood being that 
ending on 34 March. 

* iu the Unr!. MS. * David or Davis 
Mdl, the eminent violinist of Loodoa 
and dock-maker.* 



*ia 



WVOifSUrX ASD 



BvubBTfanmByi 
jcan:, tliey lad ether 



1*4 tr ThiM Waod\ iM «r . . . Wood of 

IB ^ fe^ ^ A. W. TW I muMiij did 

Msd Ott taB noK^ md uacr 

McLcoHB {OB bcymd hi^k 

CHKM CtaoB ■ die aen 

«ks or Ht Xa. «k» ik> be pi«^d fur 

Utor, jet Britei's bad «K Moiei^ck an 

to die ead of Ibe fiqgeMnnd. 

AvrfL— TW a, F^ leoemEd of Vr. Wg f d K is wf lOK iv 1 7010, ar I 
Ik HM. fa* ^Am iar «r — Mr> aif^ U; f« s c>M M dcMk «, «rf; 
Fork ibr mt ijmii i liii . w ; piv to Xc. Fo*« far m aid eoM. Cit— j. S^ I 
s bMd, u; ipetf It &e IWscn an Mi^ (Zef >■■■>> Ckml u-— 4, Sb, gmn 1 
Chmk far In y i nai i l g p ix.— 5, H, ipdK it Ac Tsioa « ICr. ( An&u) 
«i^~S. IV, far i^Udk 4ddL. W; farh»««^HMcSr»**I.«nen,* W; 

cUricftt WillactOB. <«[.-««. r^ lor ptedkk.U~iT.S^ far spcMn«fBk<itiik> 
ooncs, &£— >4 T^ far WUE ^ af ay Advek to/; sad far pUMuIpcpec.. 
—31. W^ far Bcad^ of dhpcs. W— s>, IV. (pciC W ; «h1 far FVuMr^ 
W; far Odianc'i'-Tn&i(MUMcaarie»,'7i£-X3.F, far Scale's 'fWiBe* 
Ar SsvQini PBofanr's cue* — 24, S^ ipent oa Mr. (Edamad) Gnforr at 
Tsfcne, 1/ V: the nae. faff P*P«* lc — >6, M- for pbttkk, u ; dkc bb^ far' 
btadb^ of ■ book, i/.-^^, T, at Elksev 6/.— ay, 7^ for mrtfc^ of imjr 

ApTiL— \\niliam'' Geor^ art. bacL, ttodent of Ql Dl, and mtorj 
to Mr. Wtckham's sons, buried at Gamngdon, 5 April, M., 165! 
This person, who was tnior 10 the chttdren of John Wickeham' of 
that towne, was a noted sophister and a remarkable courser in ibe 
public schooles. He was poor and ibecefore ever ready to moke the 



* the Had. M& adds, *a dudng- 
Biaster.' 

' ' Baluu, the oodawkr,' m the 
Hvt. MS. 

■ the IltrL MS. >«ys :— * ■ome of Mr. 
McU'ftOMitpoiitioai 1 have. Mdl, who 
bad LccD ooe of the nmsick to Kinf; 
Cborle* I fonil lAcrwanJs to Kii^ 
CUilca II) luul a twtwt lUoko ; Balt- 
Btf'a WH roBgh.' 

* Wood Mftcrwardi bought the book. 
Wood ;>3 » Janic» HowcU's ' Familiar 
Letten,' \ahA. 1655. 

* * lliitorical Mtrooln [Trndltiotul 
nutmi:>rleB] mi tbc rcieoi of Qiuca 
EUulwlli ami Kmij JuDcs/Lond. 165S, 
lamo, ; Wood 151. 

* Wood 515(11) 'Tlw! SaTQiati Pro- 



fcsoor's cue stated ' by Heorr Stobbe. 
Load. 165$. Wood 515(10) is the 
ttatcmeat of tbe other aide of the qB«»'_ 
doQ, ' Keuons shewing the coimsteDC 
of the place of Cnstos ArduTonim with 
that of a SB>ilian Profe»sor/ which 
Wood notes to bare been ' published \yj 
Dr. John Wallis, 1657 <Le. J> Feb- 
reaiy.' 

' this note is wilitcn on a fragnunt 
of an envelope addm^ed thus : — 
' For Mr. Atilhooy Wood 
al hi» lodging iieere 
Merton Colledg 
Id 
Oxford 
Poat pAjrd. 2{a)' 
* tee p. 244* 



MARCH — APRIL, 1668. 



443 



exercises ' of aulary schohrs. He would not, or could not for want 
of money, take the degree of Mr. But see. 

•Apr. 5, M., William George, bach, of Arts and student of Ch. 
Church* was buried in the chancel of Garsingdon church neaxe Oxon. 
— This person had been lulor to the children of John Wickham of 
that townc gent. ; and when resident in the Universitie, wa.<( accounted 
a noted sophister, and remarkable courser in the time of Lent in (he 
pnblick schooles. He was poore and therefore ready to make the 
exercise' of dui or lazy scholars. He could not for want of money 
take ilic degree of Master ; yet the generality of scliolars ilioughc that 
if he had money, he would not, because olliem-ise he lihould not be 
accounted the best scholar of a badi. of Arts in Oxon, as be was. 
He look'd elderly and was cynical and hirsute in hia behavior. 

Apr. the 7, W., in the morning the bell rung out for Mr. Sraithiby', 
and I was with the Warden over night. 

•Apr. :3, Easter-Tuesday, Christopher Wood (brother to A. W.) 
was married ' to Elizabeth Sc)Tnour [daughter * of WiUiaro Seymour 
of Oxon, genL — See in the yeare following'.] 

'Apr. 13, T., al'Cuxham, with other of his acquaintance, in the 
house of Mr. Gregory; where continuing 3 dayes, he went to several 
townes to collect' monumental inscriptions' and armes, as at Wat- 
Uugton, Brighlwell &c. 



■ the Wood pHDtcd boolcB Anit MSS. 
I^re as more than ooe instance of tfaU 
practice. Wood MS. F .V4 (O. C. 8496) 
p. 136 is a copy of Latin vencs on 
' Acdis FaulinJte nonduni resurgcntU 
()[ierela' professing to be hy 'Ambro- 
*iot Browne, bnrondU filius c coll. SS, 
Trinitatb': and, as Wood notes, 'ot- 
tered by the said Browne in Oxford 
ThcBtCT July 1^74* but ' madt ty 
iWilUant) D'oUry of Mcrt. Coll.. 
bachelor-fellow.' Wood 689 U Charles 
Potter's ' Theses QtiAdrage>iniBlei,' 
Oxford, 1651, which are nid by Wood 
to have been wrlileo by rotter's tutor 
Thnmax ScYeme. Sec espedally in/ra 
under dale 9 July 1^75. 

MJohn Stnilhsby M.A. Allso. 30 
JntK l6j6 : or 'lliotnas Smithsby M.A. 
An So. 31 Mny 1651. 

* the inaniaf::c took place in Queen's 
Coll. chapel, and was performed by 
Mr. John Ueby, fellow o( Queen's — so 



MS. Phillippi 7019. 

* the words in iquaie bracketa are 
added from the Harl. MS. She wai 
the younger of the two danghten of 
William ficymonre and hia wife Katfa* 
erinc Fisher. She was born in Lumbanl 
alien Slaying Lone in S. Aldnte's pariih 
atwut MidsanutMU' 1631, baptized 1 July. 
She died 30 FeU i66f, and was buried 
io S. John Baptist chnrch, Mr. . . . 
FlovrcT of Mcnon preaching the fdneral 
sermoa. 

* i. e. p. 384, infra. 

* the Hftrl. MS. says — ' the same day 
I west with some of my acquaintance 
to Mr. Grcgorie's biiuse at Cnxham.' 

* In Wood MS. B 1 5 ate io»CTiptlana 
taken by Wood at Cushani nn ij Apr. 
1658, nl Watlingtun on I4 A|ir. 1(158, 
and at Brightwell on ifi Apr. 16^. 

* ' montimeots, inscription-i, and 
armea,' In the Harl. MS. 



R Z 



APRIL^ 1668. 



345 



Apr. the 13, T., I went to Mr. Grcgorye's ati Coxham, where 
I tarried 3 dayes, which cost me with my horse, 6j bd. 

[Cuxham ', co. Oxon, T., Aprill 13, 1658. This lordship belongs 
to Merlon Coll. Oxon, and the Gix^orycs are cheif tenants to them ; 
tbcy arc also patroncs of the parsonage. 

John Gregory (obut nono die Januarii a.d. mcccccvi) came out 
of the north, and was the firai of his name that planted himself in this 
towne. The next that succcdcd him was Edmund ; to him ^ Roger 
(married . . . A'Dcane) ; after Roger, Edmund (married . . . Blufheid 
of Bedfordshire) ; after Edmund, .... now of full age, father lo 
Edmund now lately married (viz., December 2+, 1657).] 



(John Grigorv', m. Petromlla . 

of Coxharo ; 
died 1506. 

Tbomu, m. Agnei . . . 
dkd 1530. 1 

Edmond, n. . . . 
died 1584 I 

orisH. 



Roger, m. ... & Dctne. 

Edmund, m. Eliiatxth, ttaug^tcr of 
died aboDt 1634. I Giles Ulnfficld or 
Hlafbtldafneet- 
I vrick, Ikdi. 



Roger, bom Edmond, m. Man-, dftughter GiW Gr^rory, m. Hliubeth, 
7 March 160J, otTuih.'iin of RbIiiIi Deane of of Cnxtuun. ilaii^htcf of John 

JlngbtwelL Dcnciii^on of 

WalliogfonL 



died ti Mar aod Uright- 
1663, cotflcbs. welL 



Edmnnd, m. ... daogbter of . . . rottinger, 
High Sheriff | 00 34Dec. 1657 ; she 
of (>;Ll'ordihiTe died June 1083. 

1680. ad. 48. I 



EdmtiDd, m 



... a diughler, 

M. . . . Baytte of Abcndmi 

ber khiMDao, sooo after 

ber mothers dcftlh.] 



In this mounth (April) a(I)dcrm(an) John Nixon setled a frce- 
schoole att tlie Gildhal) and gave 30//. per annum for the maintenance 



' note in Wood MS. U 15. 

* ft note in MS. BodL 594, p. 331, 
tayt ' Kilinand Grei^iy de Cnaltnm 
died 1584 <).c. t) before 8th ol Marob; 



bis eon Rogid' administm.' 

■ tbU pedigree Is from Wood MS. 
F 33, fol. aoo. 



24^ 



WOOIfS UFE AND TIMES. 



of (a) schoolmaster. And on the 19 day they began 10 goe to 
Bchool. Mr. Cornish, a benefactor. 

*Apr. 19, M., aldcrTn.in John Nixon's school in the yard ' belonging 
to the Guildhall of Oxon being finishd, the first boycs made their 
entry ; some of which were afterwards (by the help of another school) 
Academians. 

[Oxford * townc fre>e schoole. 

John Nixon, esq., alderman of the cily of Oxon, granted by a deed' 
dated 13 Jan. 1658 <i,e. \) 300/1. to purchase 30/;. per annum 
for the salary of a schoolmaster to teach 40 boyes tht: sonna of poore 
firec men wiih(in) the said dly. (Note thai though he had got all 
his estate by tlie Uiiivcrsilie, yet no caution was taken for poore 
privtledged men's sons.) Till such purchase were made the mayor, 
bayliffs and cominaliy of the city (in whose hands the 600/1'. was paid) 
and their successors were to pay 30//. per annum. What time was 
also declared that a convenient schoolhousc, by them erected within 
the court or yard belonging to the Guildhall of the cily. sliall be for 
ever continued to that use, according to llic rules left by the founder. 
The first 40 boyes were admitted 19 Apr. 1658, Munday. The allies 
of John and Joan Nixon and Mathew Martin toiA-ncIcrkc arc to be 
preferred among those 40 boyes-] 

[la * Reg. Congrcg. Q a, fol. 6S b, are the nibtnissions made id Consrcgatiuii 
(Apr. 165S) oa beiukd knccft; — 

Of . . . SyiDpMn of Qdcicd's CoU., far nixing tntntilts and fighting; 

Of (Thomas) Ctulwcll • of Oiicl, for the vuat ; 

Of . . MadriocU of ]ck., for the aamc, despising aQthorfty, aod violating the 
dlaciptine of Uie Univcraity ; 

Of t->Jvranl Hubbcrt of Cb. Ch., for being dmnk and abnitve and unaing against 
good maanen and the discipliiU' oflhc University ; 

Of ■ . . Maarioe ol Jcs. ColL, for dcc>iDg to go to pruon when be was coin- 
mnnded; 

Of William Gilbert of Lynooln CoU^ for unging, qnaffiag, deb«achei7, id the 
twmpwiy ofolhm.^ 

[. . .* ... of Christ Church died ao Aprill 1658; buried there.] 



■ see Oark'a Wood's Gty of Oxford 

i. 155. 

* note from ' Schoolnotca ' (Lc. Q)), 
fol. 13; Wood MS. D II (4). 

' the ecdowment beiAg stibaeqtiant 
to the ojictiing uf tbc school in tempo- 
niry pifmises. 

* note in MS. Bodl. $94, p. ij- 

' Tboma» Cbolwcll. U.A^ Oriel, 
1659. 



* note in Wood MS. F 4, p. 9g. 
Wood girei in colour the arms:— "ar- 
gflnt a chevron gnla between 3 haicl 
leans erect Teit' On a ilip paited lo 
p. 71; of Wood MS. F4 i» Uiii note:— 

' A|)T. 30, 1658, . . . tla died at 

Cb.Ch.; <aniu) argent cbcrron gutcs 
inter 3 leaves mt : vide Biatricolalion 
book, Hoselwood ot Haadlng.' 



Langbain'g stottf : — (i) PitscDS 'dc icriptoribog Aagliu/ 7/; (i) Twine ' Andq. 
Oxon.' 61 W; (j) Godwin's ' Uiihopa of KngluKl,' y ; {4) Treasoas of CRinpion, 
Tlirockmonoo, Pany, Lopez, Sqntre nad Wolpolc, Eskx, xji'I Gowry, ^to; 
fSl M*" • papcn' de Church Kovtmrnenl ; (6) Catalogne of the Ku, Ut*. of the 
PwUanMDt 1640; (71 Ml. Bird hie Maf:azine of Jionor ' ; ^8} Dr. Henry Airyhik 
'Apolog.' 8vo; (9) John I^laml 'New Wars gift to King Himry VIII'; (10) a 
SfTmoa of the Pascall Lamb in SaJtoo.Sto; (11) Hnmpfrey FIoW's ' BrcTiary of 
Brittftine,' Svo ; (la) 'Proponll of cntaine cases of Conwicmx '; (ij)' tlie life of 
the 70 Arch, of Canterb.'; (14) 'the displaying of the Family of Low,' 8to. All 
tbcs aforesaid boolcet coal me tii. ti. 

{Scrcral of th«»c are Hilt recognisable in Wood's Collection : some haye tin- 
fortunately been toal, iirohatjly by neglrcl of Wood's executors or ihrft ou the part 
of teadcK in the Asbmolean : — (t^ Pitsens *de ^JHrriptoriboa Atigliae' has dUap- 
pcArcd ; it is not found even In the Ashmotean catalcigoc of the Wood Collectlao. 
It contained many notes and papen by Wood, who frequently cites hin * Notae ad 
Pitsenm,' e.g. in Claik's Wood's City o< OxfonI, ii. 398, 399, 404, 408, etc. (a) 
Brian Tnyne's ' Antiq. Acad. Oxon. Apologia,' Oxon. t6o8. it Wood 603 ; having 
the autograph ' Gerard Ijutgbaine' and a few notes in lAngbaine's hand ; also the 
autograph ' Anthony Wood, 1C58 ' and a note that be had paid fj. for it ; also a 
goid] many noto^anil iniiior oon I in nations by WikmI. (5) "Wood MS. T) 11 (B)" 
ia Gerard Ijuigbaine'g copy of Krands Go<lwln's ' A Catalogue of the Biihops of 
En);1and,* l.ondoa 1615 : in this Wood has a few notes. — " Wood MS. D it (A) " 
is Francis Godwin's 'de praes^libcs AagUae commentarins,' Loud. 1616, with the 
note " Gnlielmi Camdi-n ex dono authnrit, Martii ij, 15" {t.e. ifilDvCamden 
has ndd(^d a few notes ; Tw)-nc aI»o ban added a few note)''. In tfiis book Wood 
has many notes boili un the margins and on inserted slips. — Wood 544 ia ' A Cata- 
logue of the Bishops of I£ngl3iid' by F[rancis] Gfodwin), sabdeon of Exeter, 
Loodon 1601 : to thb Wood luu prefixed this note ;— 'another edition', with ad* 
ditiooa, of this English Catalogue of Bi^ops came oct in 1615 ; bnt being very 
Aill of fiiDlts and not to be endured by a tolerable reader, the aulbour forthwith 
pat it into Latit>c and was printed the next yrarc: this Ljtglrsh edition (of t6oi) 
I often use when I niislmst mntters related in the second edition,' — (4I Wood 58S 
b a volnroc ' of pamphlets on tico^ocs, containiag all the tract" of thb kind 
enumerated above. Wood $S6 (5) is ' A particular declaration or testimony of the 
tmdntilnl) and traiterous aflfcctiotis bomc againsl her majratie by Fdmond Campion 
•nd other condemned prtestes,' Land. 1 581. Wood <i86 (6) is * A diicoverie * of 
the trcaaoos ... by Francis Thtockeroortoa,' I £84. Wood 586 (7] ia ' A tme and 
plainc declaration of the horrible treasons by William Parry,' Locd. (l5lf4]. Wood 
j86 V.S) is ' A true report of sundry horrible conspirades of late times,' Lond, 
'S94> *'hich a marked m writing ' Lopci: conspiracie.* Wijod 586 (9) U ' A letter 
written out of Luglacd . . . containing a trnc report of the strange coiupliacie . . . 
between Edward .Squire and Kicbard Walpoolc,' Load. t^<t9. Wood 586 (to) ia 
'A dedatattOQ of the treasoos ... by Rot>eit late eatle of Esiex,' Lond. l6oi. 
Wood 586 fjt) is 'The earl of Gowiie's coospiradc ' . . . Lund. 1600, (7) Wood 
444 (I) k William Bird's ' Tbc MagaxtoeofUooor/ Lond. 1643, Sto. (8) Wood 



' ? ' MS, papen,' or ' Misocllimeotu 
papers.' 

* that jost cited. 

* Wood j66 (I) has the atttograph 



of a former owner. ' Phyl yp Iteleyeard.' 
* Wood 616^11} is another copy of 
Uk lame wodc and edition, with the 
ante 'AaL Woodc, 1658.' 



348 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



in (l) ia'The Apology i>f Henry Airay," Lend. iCai. (g) Wood i.U (0 J«l*y- 
land'a 'New Yell's Gift \o King Henry VIU concerning hU laborious Joaracy,* 
etc ; in it Wood tuu written * Ant. Woude, Mcrt. Coll. Oxou. 1658.' (10) Wood 
134 (3) it the ' Semoii of the P.nschal Lftmbe,' in whidi Langbaine i^) has a note 
' pabU&hal (u 1 lakt! itj uml first roiind out by John Jt^tssclin ; nines by William 
L*isk, Load. 1638.* [il ) Wood 165 is Hurapbrey Lbuyd't ' BrcTiary of Britain' 
(Tbooutt Twyne's translArioo) Load. 1(175 i ■< ^> on it n coat of iinns in colonn 
(psitcd per pale or and gulcsj^ fleon dc liz couDterchanged';, and tbe sigoattue 
'W.Smylh 1574, la September'; Wood** note 1» ' the anoet ofWUliam Smyth, 
rogue (i.e. rouge) dragoo, pancwtt of ansea, who died i6t8; Ant. a Wood'; 
tile book had at one time been suld Tot 41/. (i t) Wood 893 (1) U ' A proposal! of 
oeitfline cases of conscience tonching the pablic worsfaip of tbc New Tesumcnt,* 
Lond. 1648. (tj) Wooil 307 CO It * The life tjfTthc 70 Atirhbishopp ' off Cantor- 
buiy presently siOinge,' 1574. (14) Wood 795 (3) ti 'The di*pkying of ihc 
Family of Lore,' Lond. 1578. 

Of tbc books bought from LangboiDc's Andy on 3 May (see below tinder tlial 
dale) several are similarly rccogntvible in the Wood Collection. Wood 139 
('Charactcra and divenity of leners,' Frankfort i6a8) has a note by Wood 
'Anthony Wood, Mertun Coll.; bought out of Or. Gerard Ijingbaine's fttudy. 
May 5, i6j8.' Wood 498 (' Oratio Aoi[ricaIi»' of LudoTicus Molinacns, Camden 
professor, Oxon. t6gi) has written across its title-pnge, probably by du Moulin 
himself, ' For Dr. LangbaJoc, provoit of Qneca's Coll.' : Wood haa written in it 
•Ant. Woode, 1657.' 

At a much later date (in 1673) Wood secnred a good many scraps of Lang- 
babe's MS. Collections : see p. 349. 

Among the Wood MSS. bnjncathed to tbe Ashmolean by Wood the following 
papers by Langbaine can be distingnishcd : — 

(o) In Wood MS. I> 18 (O. C. 8563) foL i-y^, Langbaine's transcripU of 
documents about the Unmruty and City of Oxford, S. Fiideswyde's Prioiy, and 
University CoU^e. 

(«) In Wood MS. F 38 (O. C. 8490), Langhaioe's CoUcctioos about Hart 
HaU. 

{i) la Wood MS. P 3a (O. C. 8494), transcripts by Langboino are found at 
fol. I. foL 14, fpl. 144. 

(<0 tn Wood MS. F 37 (O. C. 8489) nos. 38 to 49 arc tnnacripts by l^ng- 
bsine. 

(<;) Xn Wood MS. F 39 (A) at fol. 381 are sotne ootes by Langbaine (printed 
in Clark's Wood's City of Oxford, iL 341. 

At tbc time of his death Wood bequeathed directly to the Ibxllcion Lilirsiynioe 
Toloroes of papers by (or belonging to) Langbaine, described on pp. 37a, 373 of 
the 1697 Catalogue, nos 8614-8611, 'MS. Wood donat. y' has this note by 
Wood : — ' this book was transcribed from originals by Mr. lUcbard James of C. C. 
CoU^e Oxoo. for the use of Mr. Henry Jackson of the nld collc^, fellow, about 



' Wood notes 'i.c.of Matthew Parker, 
by a scpentisl.' Attached to it (Wood 
307 00. I b) is a angle sheet, ' A ublc 
I'jigluhcd out or that Icgcntoff Canter- 
bury uks cntltuled in Latino de AhU- 
fuitaii liritamtuae ettUjiae." In this 
Wood notes ;— ' This wm |irinted be- 
yond the sea i lakniout offM, rarkcr'e) 



Anliquilaln JirHatinuiu by somr prcist 
or nonconformist ; sent into Lngtand 
about the time when archbishop Parker 
died.' It giTci the University, diocese, 
name, degree, order, county, age, date 
t>f coDsecntion, of tbc then English 
l)is])>>p«. 



APRIL^MA \\ 18B8. 



249 



1636.' 'MS. Wood doftat. 1 ' lias this note' by Wood. — * FraKmcnta Lang- 
bAlniuis vol. i : xvcntU CoUcctions of 1>t. Gcranl Lamglnine uf (l^cen's College 
(which I round amoog the wast papers of Dr. Thomas Iloriow of the said College, 
mmo 167J), written in order to ihg makiofr of An l/niversall Calai^gme 0/ all 
kindi ef Learning; bat be died before he coald go half through with U.' ' MS. 
Wood! dona 1- 3' has this ootc by Wood: — ' Fnigniriila Ijin^bainttina vol. li : 
•evenll Collections of Dr. Gerard Langbalae, lomunies provost of Queen's Col- 
lege Oson, (imperfect) which I funnd ninuog the ofTel papenof Dr, Thomas Barlow 
of the sameCoUegc anno 1671. Written in order to the making of a UoiTersall 
Catato^e in all kinil of leaniing. These Collecttoni ar« the Gnt draught ; but 
tfac last are in MSS. In bil>l. Bodl.* imperfect.' ' MS. Wood doaat. 5 ' has this 
note by Wood : — * Frajjniwita t,^ig);aiiiiium, vol. lii ; Keverall rede ooJ Imperfect 
Collcctloiis of Dr. Gerard LAnt^aioe of Queen's College in Oxon, found amoof; 
the offcU pajwre of Dr. Thomas Barlovr of the tiaid College.' 

Wood MS. F 36 (O.C. 8488) probably came to Wood directly or indirectly 
throaf;^ I,juigbaioe's libmr>'. It is * Catalogiis MSS. Mri Thomne Alien dc Aala 
Gloceurcnsi Oxon, A.u. 1633' made by (01 at least for) Brian Twyne, who tuis 
written this note nt the end: — 'Mr. Richard James of Corpus Chniti College 
cotnmiJig afterwards into Mr. Allen's acqnayntancc.gott away many of these cuuib- 
scripts from the goml old man, and coaveyc<) them away to Landon to Sir Robert 
Cotton's ttnddle. Alio the owner himsclie (Mr. Thomas Allen) dicing at Oxford 
in GUiceiter Hnll annu nomioi 163,^, gave aU hiK wholi? sladdie of bookes* to Sir 
Kenelme Digbte of Lundon who afterwards gave most of them* to the Universitie's 
library.' Gerard Langhaine has collated this catalogue with these I))gby MSS. 
and added references to the volumes which arc found there ; hence the fttS. pro* 
bably belonged to bim.) 

Hay*. — The I day, S., spent up the water, is \od. — 7, F^ to Jones for 
pamphletts, 6./; spent att Eailcs upoa my coz. Elizabeth Stampe, ^d. — 8, S., to 
Hawes, for a pair of gloves, i; jo/. — 11, T,. at Eltcscs, &/. — 11, W., at Ellesos, 
6</j for a ([uier of Dulcli paper, lorf. — 14, F., for Ilupton'a* 'Corcadance,' w 5*/. 
— 30, Th., given to old Hem for abcwing mc Ouscey, 41/; for ] bras peic«s of 
oouw of yoag Poioc the tinker, ](/.>— 3 1, F., for mending of stockings, td. — U.S., 
for paper. I \d\ for binding Twin's Antiq., ^', given to Pamccott ', (UL — 34, H., 



> another note by Wood in tt ii 
' 7 Apr. t68t, to Roger Bartlet of Oxon 
for binding of this book, &/,* followed 
by the bookbinder's signature ' Kog. 
Baitlel ' in evidence of receipt. 

' the refetcnce is to the 31 valnma 
of Lai^balne'i ' Adversaria ' in the 
Itodl. Libr. (described in the 1A97 
Oitalogue, pp. 368-371}. It was with 
a view to bring together the Langboine 
volumes that Wood bequathcd his own 
9 to the Bodleian ; and not, with bJs 
other MSS., to the Ashmokan. 

* in Wood MS. K 4 Wood hu this 
flole:— 'Note that some mathematical 
books of Mr, Allen's came into the 
hands of Sir Thomas Ailesbury (Master 
of the Requests) besides what came to 



Sir Kenelm I^by.' 

* see W. D. Macray's 'Catalogue of 
the Digl>y MSS.' 

* Wood 16 has the note : — ' Anthony 
Woodc. Mcrt. Coll. Oxon. May i, 1658' ; 
no. t In that volume is a MS. copy (not 
in Wood's hand) of John Allibood's 
'Kufttica Aeademiae . . . dcscriplio' 
{ptpra, J). 144I.— Inscriptions at ' Gar- 
singtou Tcl Gasington ' taken by Wood 
on 4 May. 1658. see in Wood MS. 
B 15, and in Wood MS. E i, p. 184. 

* Arthur Hopton's ' Concordancy of 
Ycanes,' Lond. ifii-S; Wood ifi ('>• 
Another copy, Wood 18(1), of the 
same book, has the entry ' Ant. Wooi) 

'6.S3.' 
' no doubt the auH as Buncote tn 



35° 



WOOffS UFE AND TIMES. 



given to Barncotc, 6 ; the sunc, ipcnt about the cotutry' tod bone, }r. iii/; 
i9, F., ipoit all the Tavem on Mr. Safer •, i/.— ag, S^ for a pair of shoe*. 4/. 

ICay. — [May 1 *, S,, 1658, the lady Wenman rieparted this life att 
Thame IVke ami ^-as buried at Twj'ford com. Bucks. Her mayden 
name was Hamdcn of Hamdcn.] 

About the I SI of May John Clevhnd * the poet died. 

May the 3d, M., 1 bestowed upon bookes * out of Dr. (Genrd) 
Langhainc's study, 1 ji. 

The 4th (T.) of this mountli (May), ihcir was a maide hanged att 
Grecnditcb Oxon for tnurthering her infant bosiard. And after shee 
had hanged soe long as satisfied the bayliffs, they cmt her downe. 
But by the hclpe after of r>r. (Wilham) Coniers of St. John's and 
some phisitians, ahee was in a short space brought to her selfe againe. 
But the bayhlTs the next uighl between i z and one of the clocke had 
her away in her coffin to Broken Hayes (Glocester Greene), where 
they put a halter about her neck and plucked her out of a coffin over 
one of ihe trees there, after slice had said ' Lord, have mercy on me,' 
etc. [Vide' Dr. Plot's book, p. 197, 198. MaUory' not thrived 
after it. Tree cut downe.] 

•May 4, T., a maid was hanged at Greenditch* nearc Oron, for 
murdering her iiifanl-bastard. After slice was cut downe and taken 
away to be anatomiz'd, (William) Coniers* a physitian of S. John's 
Coll. and other yong physitians, did in short time bring life into her. 
But the bayllives of the lowne hearing of il, they went between 
13 and one of the clock at night to the house where she bud, 
and puuiug her into a coffin carried her into Broken hayes, and by » 



the next entry: Thomiis Bomcole, see 

IV.!I38. 

■ tnsoiptioD* taken by Wood at 
Cense* llirope Whitney), at Whitney 
uT Wdney, at Soulb-lcc otSoalb-leigh 
(gomtaonly cnllnl 'Sowlyc '), all taken 
Ob May 14, tAs8.««in >\ood MS.B 15, 
tad *Jm) io Wood MS. £ 1, pp. 46, j^. 
iMCfiptlnnt at Nonh-leeor Nonh-lcigh 
(MBuntmly called ' Norlyc ') and at 
l.iMiit llAtiKiTough, probably taken on 
the Mnte •!«}', u« iD Wootl MS. £ I, 

|i(V (ii. ft.^- 

• rtaHCH Saycr. M.A. Mert. ColL 

• Mkt Ui MS. Rawl. D vOm \»^ 

» WmI 4*9(»») l* »n clecy'npon 
te MMt IHflBiou asd iooovqtarablc 



nnuopbUist oTbU time Mr. John Cleave- 
land,' Lond. 1658, by Philip Cieaveland. 
Wood 439 (13) is * Aq Elrgy upon the 
death of . . . Mr. John Cle»»«Und,' 
which Wood notes to be by ' FraacU 
Vaux e Coll. Reg. Oxoa' 

* see tufra, p. 3^%, 

' adrlnl at tt later date; Robert 
Plot'i 'Nnlurnl History of Oafordshin;* 
Olfnrd 1677, fnl, 

' Henry Mallory, Ibe offending 
bailiff. 

* now .<v Margaret's Road ; where 
the city allows stood. 

* Willinio Cooycts, M.r>. S. Jo. 
6 July, i6j3 ; fellow of S. John's till 
SepL 1661. 



MAY, 1668. 



aSi 



halter about her neck drew her out of il, and hung her on a tree 
there. She then was so sensible of what they were about to do, that 
she said, ' Lord have mercy upon me,' &c. The women were ex- 
ceedingly enraged at it, cut downe the tree whereon shee was liang'd, 
and gave very ill language to Henry Mallory one of the baillivcs 
wfaeo ibcy saw him passing the streets, because he was the chief man 
that hang'd her. And because that fae afterwards broke, or gave up 
his trade thro povertie (being a cutler), they did not stick to say that 
God's judgments followed him for the cruelty he shcw'd to the poore 
maid. See' Dr. Plot's 'Natural History of Oxfordshire,' pp. 197, 
199. 

[In ConvocalionV W., 5 May 1658, it was stated that the passage 
at Smith Gate was so narrow till 1643' that carts could not pass, and 
therefore 'twas ordered by the king and lords of counsell that a house 
belonging to one John Treder should be pulled downe : that, being 
so enlarged there was a post with a lock to it to put up and downe 
according to pleasure to prevent it from being a common thorough- 
rare ; but, when Oxon was a garrison in 1643 and after, iliat post 
was commanded to be taken away and so to have it free for commers 
and goers: this post continuing so taken away till 1653, Dr. (Daniel) 
Greenwood, vicechanccllor, commanded il to be put up againe to 
keep out heavy carriages from going through Cat Street to the end 
that the foundition of the schooles might be prescr\ed : which post 
continuing so up till 26 Apr., M., 1653, the chambcrlaynes (of the 
City) with workmen (as ihey did several stones and posts to divide 
the foot from the horseway) plucked downe : and being set up againe 
by tlic vicccliancellor. were plucked downe a second time, notwith- 
standing the care and govcniment of the streets belong to the 
cbancellour. — But this buisness being referred to the Convocation, W., 
S May tfigS, they caused the post to bo set up, and so it continues.} 

[William * Harboume, lately of Glocester Hall, died in his mother's 



■ both IB the Tanoet and lUrl. MS.S. 
tbit fcfrrence b added id [lendl, bciog 
of btcr dote. 

* note io MS. Bodl. 594. p. 31. 

* Wood note* : — ' ihu U falac. for 
Smith G*te wiu made passable (or 
caiU anno 1635. aee my ditcnune of the 
city wall [i.e. Clark's Wood's City of 
Oxford, i. 3593 : so that pertups in 1643 
it wu ttilargid: qnnere.' 

* note* in W'ood \\% T 4, p. 95. 
Wood give* ihe aim* in coloun:— 



* gnles a lion punant or betweoi 3 
bc»uitt, in chief a cmccnt argent for 
difference ; crest, a lion Kjaot or tesltng 
the dexter paw upon a l}^^.!^.' On a 
slip posted to Wuod MS, V 4, p. 76 is 
this note ; — 'In coria pnterogativa, 
rc^stra Wootlon part. 7. Q 323 ; — will 
of William Harbame of Halywcll 
Dcare Oxford 4 May t6j8, ptobat. 
ejusdem meous ao — (mention is Uiere 
made of) bis sisteia, Catherine the wife 
of tldiranl Hugkes; France*, wife of 



35* 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



house in Ilalj-well, F., 7 May 1658 (in his epilaph '6 May, aeu 33*); 
and was buried at Tacldcy in com, Oxon.— The eldest brother named 
John Harbournc died at Cassenlon in com. Oxon, W^ 31 Feb. 1654 
(i<. 4) ; and was buried at Tackley. He married (she was his a wife) 
... daughter of . . . Ratcliffe; who, after her husband's death, 
married James Sachevcrell fellow of New Coll. Oxon., the son of a 
minister of God's word. — John Haibourn, father of the said two 
brothers died at Tackley, Th., 8 Jan. 1651 (i.e. J) (upon his grave 
'tis written the * 9 Jan.') ; and was buried in the church there on the 
30 of the said month. He married Fnmces the onlie daughter of 
Sir Francis Eure of Upper Heyford in this countie, kt., by whom he 
bad 5 sons and 9 daughters ; wherof sLt of them were dead when he 
changed this hfe, being then in the ycare of his age 69. lie was lord 
of the mannour of Tacldcy, patron of the church there, and bad been 
High Sherriff of the countie of Oxon anno 163a '. — His said widdow 
lived divers years after in Halj-wel! neare Oxon in a verie sad and 
distracted condition occasioned by the ill courses that her children 
took (John, the eldest, was a so: and sold Tackley ; William was such 
a drunkard that he could not speake sense, and so lie died). 
Frauncis * Harboum widdow of Jolm Harbourn of Tackley died verie 
anticnt in Halywell, M., 27 July 1663; and was buried by ber 
husband at Tackley.] 

[South-Ice* or South-lei^ commonly called Sowlyc; M., May 34, 
1658. In the north windowes and on the canopy by the pulpitt are 
the Harcourts* (of Stanton-Harcourt) amies, viz. 'gules, 2 barres or' 
and 'or, a cross gules.' Most of this lordship was sometimes in the 
Uarcourls' possession : but now { William ) Gwe *, alderman of 
London, hath it (by report he hath here land worth a thousand pounds 
a yere) ; and Dr. William Boswell LL,Dr. of Oxon hath a good 
estate here. It is most upon pasture and vtry rich ground.] 



Beojanun Garf«ild esq. ; Magdalen, 
wife of Henry Eval gent ; l-ucyc, wife 
of Thonua Uromsted gcot : (and of) 
Itit btotKer Sompuo UarixniK.' 

' Me Diveiipott's Oxfordshire, p. 

> note in Wood MS. Y 4. p. lof. 
\Vood ^Tcs in colour these anus: — 
'gaits a lion passant or betwcioi 3 
bcnnU ; cmt, « lion crjant or resting 
the dexter paw on a bcTsiit ( llarbome) : 
impaling, tjuortcrly or and gules on a 
bend salflc 3 ncallops argent, iu chief 



a crescent vert for difrerenoc (Eure)L' 
■ note in Wood MS. B 15, collated 

with Wood MS. Ei.fol. 55. 

* Wood notes, in E 1 in the margin : — 
'high-ihemffof OxfonJ»hireanno 16H* 
(sec Dawnport's Oxfonlshirc, p. 69): 
and add« ' (he said Gore hath been lord 
ofthit plauc about i6 ycaics*: 'Since 
ray writing this I Iwve been enfonced 
that the Harcoorts of Stanton-Harcoutt 
Bold this raannonr to one . . . Skinner; 
and from him i( came to Sir Henry 
Marten, let., jadge of the pretogattve 



J/^K, 1668. 



^53 



[Coggcs ', aotienlly Cogis, prope \\Tiiincy ; M., 34 May 165B. In 
Ihc chanccU or between it and the north isle adjoyning is an antient 
monument of free stone erected and iheron is the proportion of a lady 
{some take it for a clergyman) [>ing on her back of free-stone also, 2 
angelis support her head. To whom this lombe belongs' (having 
neither armes or inscription iheron) I cannot yet learne. Yet this 
must be noted that ibis mannour, having for severall generations 
belonged to the Greys of Rotherfeild (particularly to John tempore 
Edw. Ill, John his son, John his grandson, and Barthelmew his 
great-grandson) their wives had this and other mannours settled upon 
them in way of joynture. And if [ am not mistaken this north isle 
was built by one of ibem and perhaps the present fabrick. of tlie 
church. 

There hath been curious painting and severall coates of armes set 
tip in the windowes of this isle, but loren downc as I have been 
informed in the late rebellion. 

On the south side of the churcli, ncare adjoyning, is 3 ground called 
by the name of ' Casllc-yard/ where arc ofiendmcs great thick foun- 
dations dugg up, and the vulgar people there dwelling thinke that in 
auncient times there was a castle ; but ! have not as yet read of any 
such thing. 

There is alsoe a meade in this parish (as the inhabitants report) 
called by tlic name of Langdell mead, valued at 30/;. per annum, 
where any stranger let him be of what condition soever, living in any 
part of the kingdome, may putt hts horse therin, and noe man say 
nay to him : it rs free for all commers. Whether this mead did 
belong formerly to the priory here, I cannot tell : but I suppose it was 
for strangers horses tliat came a visiting or perhaps on pllgramage. 
It was intended lately for the erection of a free schoole, but that noe 
man could shew any evidences or writings thereunto belonging, to 
convey it. 

The prioric did stand where the lord of Downe'a ' bouse dotli now. 



court, whoce ton llcnnr MkUcd the 
regicide M>ld it to the said Gore about 

* notes from Wood MS. E 1, foL 46, 
conparcd with Wood MS. B 15. 

■ Wood MS. n 15 has: 'h U quite 
out of rcmembrknix. All that I can 
gueu ia llul |>erhii|i« it wiiii fur tome of 
Ihc Arsickcs who were fonndm ufthc 
priory there; and that ^c built Hk 



aforesaid) north isle fnr ntftss to be oele* 
bnitcd for Iter sqdIc niakes me sap^xwe, 
bcotttie there li a chamber in Ihc par- 
sonaee house which It called by the 
name of " the prdtt's chamber." ' 

■ marginal note: — ' Thomas ( Pope) 
earl of Downc, obilt 1660, Dec iS; 
nrpull. ppud Wroxtoti.' lUt epitaph it 
in Wood MS. D 11(5). 



IVOOEfS UFE AND TThTES. 

Dcare to the church, and ihe people here think that his grandfather 
bui]l the hotise that now stands there oat of the ruins of the priory.J 

[Slaii * 39, S^ 1658, Samuel Clarke, A.M. e Coll. Men., admissus 
est superior bcdcllus Jurisprudcnliac in loco Bcroardi Hoie nuper 
defoncti.] 

Jane. — The 1 . «t Ellescs, 6^: retaember on the same day that Mr. (Jo^ph) 

Harry * told one that I ihonld ' — 3, Th., p«yd to Blai^Tivc for bor- 

rcnntig DogdoUc's ' Angl. Mooasticoa,' 8rf. — 5, S., p«pn". — 7. M., lo Mr. Dnrics 
%at R nupp * of Oxoa dnwne in the yeaie . . ., 6/ ; spent att the Cromie taTcme 
with Mr. (Zrphjiniah) Crrasct and Mr. Sbcrwill =, 4//.— 8, T., alt Kllesct, &/.— 10. 
Tb., to Bcckford for binding of boolces. \od; the Game, tpetit on Mr. (Chiiilo- 
plicr) HarrtMHi at the T»wf rne, y/ — The Ii, F,, far rihbanil for my stnfl wh, 
jx grf.— 14, AL, given to the clarkc of Kidtiapton', %d. — 13, T., at EUcaei, 6dl— 
17, Th., to NicoUs the laylor, u &/.— 31, M., spent at the tavenie with Mf. 
(ZrphanLah) Cresset and Mr. (Nicholas) Shcnril, 8./.— aa, T., att Ellcses, <W.— 
34. Th„ at the TaTrrac <hi Mr. (Zcphaniah) Crcsscl, \t. — The a5, S., paid my 
baibec, 41 : the sane, giTcii lo Church for the second part of ' Advice ^ to tbe 
soese,' (W; the same, to Crccway, for my score, ^J 3(/.—i9, M,, to Daris for 
boola and ptmphletu, 4r 6^; the same, spent it. — 39, T., att EllcMa, 6d. 

June. — [John ' KtKhcrben ', of Bcgbrook in com. Oxon, died at 
his house in S. Peter in the East, Th., 3 June 1658 ; and was buried 
in BcRhrook church (quaere). He married . . . daughter of Sir Edward 
Adkuiji one of the Justices of the King's Bench (ndc pedegrces"'); but 
ftfler his death shee in.irried Sir . . . Stephktn Kt.; she is sister lo 
Sir Robert Atkins kt. of the Bath. 



* «a|» Iran Wood MS. E ». In Ihe 
M& Wood notes:— 'Samoel 

Clarke A.M. e coU. Men. Archttypo- 
p«|thi» Unircrsitatis, di^itor sup. bed. 
Jar. 14 May iAi;8: desigrutus traX od 
Idm oficinoi J4 Juli) 1649, cni mnaeri 
qno llherins vacet tifficium m^ienoTis 
beilelH in Jarc Ci\-Ui quandoconqne 
primam 4)iiot]Da nKxlo vaca^-crit deiig- 
natar:— "vlr Utaeds Latinisquc Uteri* 
probe luitnictiis el to stndiis phtlulo- 
(lob vcnatUdnas" Reg. Cobv. T. 

p-r' 

' Juae|4i Harvey or Hcrvcy, fellow 
tMriiiK) J Hrodrick's Merton, ]>. 390. 

• atxmt five words folio*- in cipher. 
V dph«r U In appcanncc Ukc Pil- 

Mt«ii'« ihonhaDd. 

' |>r«>tably ilte map by Ralph Arbi 
Vt97*>: M« Mncniy's Annals of the 
(VHllelan. j.. 474. Wood had also 
vWukI 4J3 itu 1) Hollar's map of Ox- 



ford (made in 1443), bat that woold not 
be so costly. 

■ Nicholas Sherwill, M.A. Magd. C. 
]S May, 1657. 

• inscriptions at Kidlington, taken by- 
Wood on 14 June, 1658, sec in Wood 
MS. B 15. 

' by Francis Osbame, Lond. 1658: 
not now i» the Wood Collectioo. 

■ note* in Wood MS. F 4, p. 96. 

* Wood ip\Ts in coloun these arms : 
— ' gules 3 lionocls rntnpant or ; impal- 
ing, argent a cross voided edged with 
half 6cur dc lie sable, between 4 mol* 
leU of the Bccoad.' In an earlier draft in 
MS- Raw]. D ff!im 1 390 it Is said :— ' he 
bcarelh lo his annes — patted per pate 
bine and gnlea 3 lyons snlimt argent; 
impaling. Adltins, vU. arj^nt a cro«» 
bor. debnising 4 Fr. lillics in cross 
briween 4 mulleUa sable.' 

" i.e. NVood MS. F33 



MAY—yOLYy 1858. 



ns 



Mary ', daughter of Thomas Weeks, ftlderrnan of Oxon, wife o 
Mr. John Whytc of Oxford brewer died, W., 30 of June 1658 ; and 
was buried in S. Ebbs church in the north isle joyning to the 
chancell.] 

[About' 40 ycarcs agoo ther was a leaden coffin dug up in the 
Black Friers on the north side of the liousc now standing, att the 
digging of a ditch. When it was opened they found the skeleton of a. 
man with a candcl in his hand and a silver penny hanging about his 
necke and 5 gold rings upon his fingers.— June ' 1658. 

There was alsoe aliout 30 yeares agoe, another leaden coffin dugg 
up att the upf>cr end of Robinson's lane in St. Ebb's parish where 
somtimes the Whitson ale used to tw kept. Hard by there is an 
anticnt house. It is distant without the towne wall some 35 yards. 
June" 1658. 

About zo yeares agoe was a pardon of the pope found in digging 
of some of the ruins of En!i(h)am Abby (com.) Oxon, and was sent 
to the carl of Derby, lord of that manner. (1658 ').] 

Jnly.— The 3, S., for snckcs, ^\ the uimc, speat at llirpcr't with Mr. (John) 
Cnrtcine, W.— The 5, M.. 4|ieni at the Sw*n on my ccw. Bolton, 1/ 3*/.— i, T., 

I spent Bit Mr. BocUwit's with Mr. Thaxiuitn. Mr. (NichoUi) Shirwill. Mr. 
(Zepbanub) Cresseu, fid; the tame. Tor vrioc for Mr. (Zephaniflii) CroucU wtd 

' Mr. Cowdrey*, iW; tltc same, at Mr. Eltcsca, W; the same, [>ai<l to Mr. Fforrcst, 
If id. — 7, W., gpeat, W. — 8, Th.. spent, 6</, iW.— 9, F., for ft halt, 1//. 4^.— 10, 
S., (or gloves, \s 2d\ all Clleies, 6<i/.— 12, M., for King the Turke dance, 6.^ ; the 
lame, spent with .Mr. (John) Wamford, 1/.— ij, T., «pent with Mr. (John) 
Wamfortl, u ; att Ellcac*, 6rf,— 14, W.. spent to sec the Turk, 6^; the same, att 
Ellescs, (W; the same, spent with Mr. (John) Gamble and Mr. ('Iliomas) I'ratt 
at Tavern, 41 ; the same, att RUcses for a lodging ', 11. -15, Th., at EUcsca, 6rf.— 
16, F., for blodiof of a booke, &/; the same, spent, lo/. — 17, S., given to see tbe 
play att tbe Cross Inn, 6<i— The 30, T., att Ellncs, &/ ; tlw same, spent at the 



* Wood gives in cnlotirk ihrite arms: 
'azure on a cross qoarterly ermine and 
or between 4 £dcons argent a fret 
f .are and four lozenges gnles [Whyte of 
Soaton Sc. John in com. Okoo.]; im- 
paling, etmiiie 3 baltle-tutes sable 
(Wecke*).' Wood gives ' Whites 
crest ' a; ' a preffe's bead azore col- 
lared argent issuing out of a crown 
parted pci pale of and vert,' 

' notes l^ Wood on a sheet of paper 
iomerly in Hcame's bonds, printed by 
Ilcftme as an appendix 10 ' liber Niger 
Kcaccarii ' 1 Omfoni. 1 7 »8). See Clark'* 
Wood's City of Oxford, I. p. 575, 

• tbe <iate at which Wood made the 



note. 

' John Cowdrcy, M.A. Magd. C. 18 
Jono 16^5. This Cowdicy was prob- 
ably an old achootfcUow of Wood's; 
Wood 54, Wits Aiadtmjf by Fr(ands] 
M[ercs], Ixtnd. 1636 (so called u» tbe 
engrav^ title but In the body of the 
work Wif) Commotrw<aitk tkt tttmid 
part) has the note ' .'Vnthony Wood bis 
txKikc vrilneus John Cowdrcy'; also 
the autograph (T) of Wood's brother 
Robert. 

* this lot^s as though Wood had 
kept late boms thjil night and found the 
door at borne locked. 



WOOffS UFE AND TtMBS. 



Crairnc Tuvcrtic with Mr. (Zcpbuiih) CitMctt a&d Mr. < Jaba T) Boot, if.— 14, 
S., tpcDl nit Mr. Ellcws on M. (Tbomms) Boltcicr. Mr. (Edwunl) Low. etc, I/; 
span, 4</. — 17, T., att EUesef, hd,-~ii, W., for a (wbc of Spuisb sboes, 41 &/.— 
J9, Th., spent, fin/. 

July. — [7 July ', W. ; the Delegates taking into their consideration 
the great care and poines tA Dr. Richard Zouch id being an asdistanl 
to the Vice-chancellor in his court and the small incotnc issuing to 
him iberebj . . . direct that 30/r. be allowed to him for the present.] 

[13 Joly*. T., 1658, a Congregation was held in which the sab- 
mission of I-ancelot Adison, M.A. of Queen's College and Terrae 
films in the Comitia, was read and he asked pardon on bended knees. 
The words of his submission were : — 

* Ega, laacdotnt Adisoo, i^osco me gnnler pcccasse in bonos morei d almini 
aatrcm AcademisRi. podcmU iUa obKaetutAlc qua hestcmo meam a Acadcmiae 
bum kcd ; caju toipuumi orinunn tnei veniam ab hac TcncrabiU danio flexii 
ge n ib ai nbouctc pcto, fpoodeoqiK me in poKcram datnntm opcamm dc quid mibi 
*icidattir qood autas aims oBieiKlat : Laacrlot Adisoa.' 

Thomas PIttys • of Line. ColL, the other Tfrrot filim^ was expelled 
from the University.] 

•July 14, \V., A. W. entertain'd two eminent musitians of London, 
moKd John Gamble and Thomas Pratt, afker they had entertain'd 
him with most excellent musick at the meeting house of William 
PJlis. Gamble had obtaiu'd a great name among the musitians of 
Oxon for his book before publish 'd*. entit.* ' Ayres and Diologues 
to be sung to the Theorbo-Lulc or Bass- Viol.' The other for several 
compositions, which they* played in iheir consorts. 

The 14 of July, W., Ffelld Whorwood departed this life an 
Maulton com Oxon., and was buried atl Sandwell com. Staff, the 5 of 
August following. 

In this mounib (July) was laid the foundation of alderman (John) 
Nixon's Schoolc. 

•July 34, S., Thomas Ralsar or Baltzar, a Lubecker borne, and the 
most famous artist for the violin that (he world had yet produced, was 
now in Oxon ; and this day A. W. was with him and Mr. Edward 
Low, lately organist of Ch. Church, at the mceling-housc of William 



> fiotc Id MS. Taiincr 33S fol. 87. 

» note iD Wood M.S. E 29. 

» llioma« V\\\i\ Rialric at Trin. 39 
Apr. i()5.i * aimlinerl rillDt'; was B.A. 
Trin. J June i6j<i. M.A. Liiic. 29 June 
ifl^S; aU 10 June 1665, D.D. as 
June 1670- 



* Londoii, l6j7, foL 

* Wood notes in the margin :— 'see 
Ath. et Faxti Oxon. vul. 1 \v. i^oi.* 

" ' ibejf iiM*! now to play,' in the 
Hflrl. MS. 'They.' i.e. Wood and bis 
fhcndfc. 



7£/Zr, 1658. 



257 



A. W. did then and there, to his very g^reat astonishment, 
'Tieare him play on the \*ioIin. He then saw him run up his fingers to 
the end of the finger-board of the violin, and run lhen\ back insensibly, 
and all with alacrity and in very good tunc, which he nor any in 
England saw the like before. A. W. cnlerlain'd him and Mr. Low 
with what ihc house could then afford, and afterwards he invited them 
to the tavern ; but they being engag'd to goe to other company, he 
could no more hcare him play or see him play a: ihat time. After- 
wards he came to one of the weekly meetings at Mr. Ellis's house and 
he played to iKe wonder of all the auditory : and exercising his fingers 
and inslnimcnt several waycs to the utmost of his power, Wilson 
tliereupon, the public professor, (the greatest judg of musJck that ever 
was) did, after his humoursomc way, stoop downe to Balizar's feet, to 
see whether he had a huff' on, that is to say to see whether he was a 
devill or not, because be acted beyond the parts of man. 

*About iliat time it was that Dr. John Wilkins, warden of Wadliara 
Coll., the greatest curioso of his time, invited him and some of the 
musiiians to his lodgings in that coll. purposely to have a consort and 
to see and hcare him play. The instruments and books were carried 
thither, but none could be perswaded there to play against him in 
consort on the violin. At length the company perceiving A. \V. 
standing beliind, in a corner ncare the dore, they haled him in among 
them, and play forsooth he must against him. Whereupon he being 
not able to avoid it, he took up a violin, and behaved 'himself as poor 
Troylus did against Achilles. He was abash 'd at it, yet honour he 
got by playing with, and against, such a grand master as Ualt/ar was. 
Mr. Davis Hell was accounted hiiherlo tbe best for the wolln in 
England, as I have before told you ; but after Baltzar came into 
England and shew'd his most wonderful parts on that instrument, 
Mcll was not so admired ; yet he playd sweeter, and was a well bred 
gentleman and not given to excessive drinking as Baltzar was. 

July the 27, T., tlie vice-cancellor (Dr. (John) Connanl) caused all 
the booksellers to appears before him, and commanded them not lo 
sell any of Mr. (Francis) Osborne's booke *. He was complained of 
ll«n by sevcrall ministers in the country that (he) bred scverall 
principa1](s) of Athcisme in country gentlemen. Tbe book after- 
wards sold the more. 



' L e. bouf, 

* ' Ailvice to ft Son or Directinnc for 
yoBf beitn OMidtict . . . ,' port 1 , Oaford 
lOsft ; jian i. OitfortI |6.;S. The Bod- 
Idoo copy of ihc first edition (1656 in 



f mall fhro'i i% niutitatrd ; part i was ia 
Us HKth nlition (tnull iimo) in i6>iS. 
'II1C Woo<) Culkdloa Rcemt to coolun 
no copT of dtlKr part. 



July the 30, F., the Terrae filii were endeavored to be pull downC 
but coul(J not praevayle. The Vicc-cancellor, contrary to tlic statutca, 
commandwi those ihat were for the Ttn<u filii to goe one (he one 
side and those that were aganst on the other, etc. Vide Histor] 
(Gutch's Wood's Hist. Univ. Oxon., Vol. U. p. 684.) 

{On Friday, 30 July 1658 Wood was formally admitted to read tfl 
the Bodleian, his signature 'Ant. Wood' with that dale appearing 
among the Merton signatures in the register — 'Graduatomm . . 
nomina ... qui Ucentiam habent ingrediendi biblioihecam,' formerly 
MS. BodL 766. afterwards kept in ' The Librarian's Upper Study, 
now (May 1391) on the back stairs of the Library.) 

AQciut.^7, S., spent, 6rf. — 9, M,. lent Mr. (WIlliBir) Boll my booke 
pUfes'; the same day stt EUeses with him, f>d, — ii, Th., reMored to Mr. 
(Samnel) Wnodford of Wmilham, 8 pctccs of cwinc thiit 1 fonmrrly borrowcil <A 
him. — 16, M.. ftpent at the Crown Ta\'eme with Mr. (John) Cune)iu!, utdWd 
Holder for my hatt, \s, — 17, T.. jpcnl nl the Crowne Tavcme with Mr. {^pha- 
niah) CresKt, ir ; spent on Mr. <Davis) Mell, 31 6(/.— 18, \V., ttpeat at thi 
Crowne Tavcrnc with Mr. {John) Curteync, W. — 19, Th., rwxiwsi of Mr 
Bumbam \U. 4/ as port of ny Mlchael(mas) rent, trhcrof paid for my battlci, 
i/i. li. 

August.— [Memorandum': that a new schoole was built in th« 
Towne Hall yard, anno 1658 ; the foundation began to be laid iq 
August.] 

'Aug. 30, Munday, a terrible raging wind' hapned, which di< 
much hurt. Dennis Bond *, a great Olivarian and antimonarcbisl| 
died on tlal day, and tlicn the Devil ' took Bend' for Oliver's appear^ 
ance. 
/ The 30 of August, being Monday, was a verie terrible raging 
windc, which did much hun, especially in tearing tre(e)s. [Quaere 
alibi the mischief it did. The Proctecior died 3 Sept.. K, (Dennis| 
Bond died 30 Aug., M., and Cromwell *gavg hond' to the dive 



* the Wootl Collection of printed 
books is sLnfjulnily dcttilutc of dra- 
matic ILtcratore. Plays ore foncd in 
Wood 3J0 and in Wood 330. 

* thti paragraph li irueited oat of 
place is the Almanac for 1657. The 
•chocJ is Nixan't School, see the aotea 
ill Clark's Wood's City of Oxford, i. 
155. A list of boys, visitors and 
Inistees of Nixon's .Sdiool from about 
l6gS is foBnd in the City archives: see 
F. Madan'f ' Oxford Citv Kecords' 



(1887-) p. S. 

' Wood 531 (»s) is Edmtind WaL 
ter's ' Upon the late storme and of th 
death of bis Highncssc rnmiu); the 
same.' Wood 383 (1) is ' The Pane- 
f:yrike and the stormc by EdmuiKl 
Waller answered,' 1659, 

* Wood (totes in the margta : — ' led 
Alh. et Fasti Oxod. vol. I p. 333.' 

* the notes to square brackets aitt 
later nddttinns. 



JULY— SEPT. 1668. 



359 



The distnrbance in Carfax Church, quaere*. (Col. Edvrard) Massjr, 

vide 1659 in the beginning* of the Almanack for that year. I think 

(Dennis) Ilond died 30 August, the windy day.] 

[Nicholas" Wadhara, founder of Wadham Coll. Oxon., was wont 

often 10 say lo one Mr. Orang* (?) a ne^hbor of his (who was 

accounted a wise discrete man in that country) ihat ' he had a good 

estate and had noe children to leave it too, and hia kindred to whome 

he dioughi lo leave his estate did not care for him.' ' Why ' (said ^^^. 

Orang) ' doe as Sir The. Itodley hath lately done. As he had* built a 

Ubrary, soe you build a College and you shall be remembred every 

day. It will last from gcn(<:rallon) to gcn(cration).' Soe Mr. 

Wadham preceded and did all according to bis counsel!. £x 

relatione Mri (Gulielmi) Bull, (Coll.) Omn. Anim., Aug. 1658.] 

8«pt«nit>0r. — The 4, S., bongbt of Mr. (Z«phutiab) Crettet bis itttdytng gowne 
wliich cost cie 5;.— The 6. M., spent 9<i— The J, T., for a bookcs, 8</— The 9, 
Tb.. spent u Eulei, u.— 18, 5., (pent At the Tiveme with Mr. <Rkbud) Lower, 
i«.^»5, S.) spent, (td.^-xf, M,, spcut oa Mr. (John) Curtcia, 61/ ; for a quire of 
Dutch paper, <^, 

September. — Sept. the 3d, F., the Protector departed this life', 
and was proclaimed at Oxon the Munday following being the 6th. 
[Crokc*, Payne, the mayor (Whistler), quaere.] 

•Sept. 3, F., Oliver Cromwell the protector died. This I set 
downe, because some ^Titers tell us lhat he was hurried away by the 
Devill in the wind before racniion'd. Sept. 6, M.. Richard Cromwell 
his son was proclaimed "^ Protector at Oxon at the usual places where 
kings have been proclaimed. While he was proclaiming before S. 
Mane's church dore, the mayor, recorder, townclcrk, &c. accompanied 
by cd. Unton Crokc and his troopers, wera pelted with carret and 
turnip-tops by yong scholars and others who stood at a distance. 

[William* Sliorlgrave, lately a caplaine in tlie king's army, died in 
the house of . . . Mallory a cutler living In AIIs.-unui {orish*, S.,4 Sept. 



* 1. e. Vr'ood wns doubtfal whetbrr or 
not he shonld cooncct the panic in 
Carfax Church occxuoacd hy a |ralc 
with this j^lc. But see the story bi its 
proper place nadw date 31 Jtily 16591. 

' ill jely. 

* thtt puaajte is inserted out of pUce 
in tlie Almanac for 1657. 

' or ' Oraog ' ; the oame b indbttoct 

* \\'ood 419 (15) is 'Epitnph oa 
Olircr,' Load. 1658, by John Ilannar. 

* added later : a nolc of penoos 
present at ihc ccnniaay~< Richard Croke 



the rrcofder ; . . . Payne, the totrncleilc ; 
etc. 

' Wood J31 (30) is 'Atniecatalogpie 
or an account of the scvtnvl places 
where Kicbard Cromwell was pro- 
claimed Lord Protei-tor.' \Voo>l 433 
(3a') is Robert Whitehall's copy of 
' Verses on the election of Richard 
Cromwell to the CbaDccUorslnp ' of the 
Unirersity of Oxford. 

■ notes fat Wood MS. F. 4, p. 96. 

* Wood cortMls Ibis by a iit«f{[liul 
Dotc \ — ' He die<l, as I now raaeiober. 



N 



S 2 



26o 



IVOOLfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



J658; boned in S. Marie's church, aped 38; son of Ricliard Short- 
grave' of Everden in Northamptonshire. (Arms) 'a fess checquy 
between 3 lyons beads erased gules.' 

. . . WoodhuU, of Banbury, esq., died in the house of John Cross 
an apothecary against Allsoulea Coll., W., 8 Sept. 1658; buried in 
. . . His armes on the hearse were ' or 3 cressants gules ; impaling, 
argent a fess between 3 cinqfoyles sable [Meesc].'] 

October.— The 4, M.. given »wiy att Comuer at Mn. Drope's, f>i. — 8, F., for 
Ihc Froctcr's Circle', W.— q, S., paid Forrest my ijosrtetidge. aj.— 16. S., to mjr 
luuber, 4J&/; for I«luid*s* ' Cygoea Caotio/ i; aif. — Jj, S., ipent 5</ uvl 3</. 

October.— [Oct. 4, M., 1G58, Cumnore\ . . . The church • it 
dedicated to St. Michael ; the norili isle to St, Thomas; the south isle 
(the upper part) 10 St. Katherine. ... At the west end of the church 
is the ruins of a inannor house, aniicntly belonging as a cell or place 
of rcmo\'aJl (as some say) to the monkes of Abington. Al the dissolu-, 
lion the said raannor or lordship was convt-ytd lo one . . . Owen 
... In the hall, over the chymncy, I find Abingdon armcs cut ii 
s:one, viz., a cross patonce inter 4 mariletts, and alsoe anoth< 
cscolcheon viz. a lyon rampant ; and several! miters cutt in stoned 
about the house. There is alsoe in the said house, as the inhabitants 
tell me, a chamberj called 'Dudley's chamlwr,' where the carle of 
Leiceslcr's wife was murdered : the manner how and ilicir intentions 
to poyson her before that, I shall endeavour, according to the relations 
I heard from some of my freinds there and other private observations 
to dcmonstrale it.— Robert Dudley, carle of Leicester, a man, of a 
wry goodley person and singularly well-featured, being much in 
grace and a great favourite with Queen Elizabeth, it was iliought 
and commonly ruraor'd that if see be he had bin but a baclielour or a 
widdowcr tlic Queen would have nuide him her husband. To this 
end, to make him sclfe free of that obstacle, he commands, or perhaps. 
with faire and flattering intrcalics desires, his wife to repose her sclfaj 



In th« bouse of rmods Bowtn&ii, 
■tatioarr, called Bnlklcy hall.' 

' on a Bli]> (>o»tcci 10 Wuoil MS. F. 4 
p. 75 is this note :— ■ Robert Shortgmve 
son of John Shortgnire act. 1, 1^19 
(qiuwre); descended (rom the Short- 
gnives of Everdoo in Northamploo- 
shlre.' 

■ Wood 433 (14); the Caroline cycle 
imiited as a dn.-aUi' ditgraro willi ihe 
slalntes about tbc proctonhip in the 



tnargin, published 1639. 

* Wood 149; it has Ihe note: — 
' Ant, Woodcj Mcrton CoU. OioD., 

•658-* 

' lhl» narratiTc of the death of 
Robsart is faund in Wood MS. D. 
foL 31; I part 3. 

" Woffd give* a descriptioti of tt 
monument!! in the church with tb 
infCTiptioiu, lodudbg that of Anlhoo] 
Fonter. 



SEPT.— OCT. iQSa 



i6t 



here, at his servant's, Anihony Foster's, Iiouse, who then lived in the 
aforesaid mannor house ; and also prescribed to Sir Rtcharrl Vamcy 
(one of the carle's promoters of this dcsigne) at his comming hither 
that he should first attempt to take away her life by poyson, and 
in case if that tooke not effect then by any other way to dispatch her 
however. This it seemes was proved by the report of Dr. Walter 
Baylcy ', who was somtimea fellow of New Coll. and then lived 
in Oxon and professor of the phisick lecture in the same University. 
This man, it secmcs, reported for most certaine that there was a 
pracltcc in Cumner among the conspirators to have poysoned the 
poore lady a Utile before she was killed, which was attempted in this 
order. They, scing the gooJ lady sad and pensive, as one that well 
knew by her other handling (hat her death was not farr remote, 
presumed to perswade her that her present distemper was abundance 
of melancholly and therefore would needs advise her to lake some 
potion; which shee utterly refused to doe, as sUll suspecting the 
worst TVherupon they sent a messenger one day, unknowing to her, 
for Dr. Baylcy aforesaid and intreated him to perswade her to take 
some little potion by his direction and they would procure the same 
at Oxon, they all this while meaning to have added somewhat of their 
owne for her comfort, as the Doctor upon just cause and considera- 
tion did suspect, seing their importunity and the small want the lady 
liad of physicke. And iherfore he peremptorily denied their request, 
misdoubting, as he after reported, lest if they had poysoned her under 
the name of liis potion he might not have been hanged for the colour 
of their sin. And the Doctor remained still well xssured that this 
way taking not place, shee woidd not long escape \iolencc ; as after in 
this manner ensued. For Sir Richard Varney aforesaid, the cheife 
projector in this designe, who, by the commandcmenl of tlje earlc, 
rema}'ned that day of her de;)th alone with lier, with one man only, 
and also Forster who had that day sent away perforce all her servants 
from her to Abingdon market about 3 miles remote from that place — 
they, I say, whether first stilBing her or else strangling her, afterwards 
flung her downe a pair of staires and broke her neckc, using much 
violence upon her. But however though the common report went 
about that shee by chance fell downe the staires (but yet without 
hurting of her hood that stood upon her head), yet the inliabitants 



' ' Pr Baylcy before mentioned wu 
phnitian to tlic t^wctnc onii who be- 
cause he wonM not consent tu jioyBon 
tbc coDDtcu of Lcfccslcr, the carle en- 



deavoured todi&pUce him from the court 
—Vie Waller llajlcy, fellow of Magd. 
Coll., i^al '^mtidson I0 the aforesaid 
Dr. Walter Itoyly;' Wood's note. 




Ml lo bsr^ bcr befatc nhc cj owner Ma 
vUdh vu coodauKd above bj the bad ■■ aac afcJKjy dooe. 
WUcfc kr fadv Sr Joha Bolntet, as I Hfpo^ hoov oC cuw 
«ilb al fpeed AiAer, caoaed her oorpp lo te tafcca wf^ the uuvuei 

to ten spoo her, and fnrtfaer enqoBy to be laade coaccfaiag the 
bwneialotbcfafl: bat it wis genoaSr tho^gfat Att Ifce eaxlesttipt 
Mi motth and andc ly the Nirincw herria thca. And tbt good 
carle to duIk plinie to tbe world ibc great fcwe be bore to her in her 
Me tine aad «faat a grcife the loaae of so vertoaos a fadjr «as to bis 
tender luart, canted (tboogh ibe tbiog by tins and other oaeanes 
bcaien into the headt of the pnncipall men of the Umvoatf of < 
ber bod/ to be re-Ixuicd to St. Marie's cfauich Ozon witb 
pompc aad floietnnitjr. Aod tbat when Dr. (Francis) lUboigtoa, my 
lord'* clnpletne ', did make ibe pablick funerall sermon, <be) tripK 
oncD or twice in hii spfech by ' recommending to iheir memories that 
rertuoiu lady boc pitifully murdtred ' (instead of * soe piiifully sJayne '), 
etc. This carle, afier all his murderings, poysoning?, etc., was tiim- 



74/ CtU^t ofOxf^d, LMcthnen, 1891), pu 194. 



OCTOBER, 16B8. 



363 



selfe poysoned by that which was prepared for others (some say, by 
hia wife) at Combury Lod^e com. Oxon — though Baker in his 
ChronicU would have it at Killin(f\*-onh — anno 1588.] 

Oct., the i8ih day, M., I were at my cosen Pcttye's at Stoke-lyne; 
and tarried there till the 22, F. ; (it cost me) y 6d. 

•Oct. 18, M., he went to Stokc-Ljnc to give a visit to his kinsman ' 
Charnel Pettie and his wife and other of his relations there. He 
continued there till the 2a day of the said inonlh : in which time he 
rode about the countrj* adjoyning and collected ' several monuments 
and armes. He was at Cotsford, in hopes to find a monument there 
for his grandfather by Lis mother's side, named Robert Fettle a/ias 
Le Petite, gent. ; but linding none, he searched in the register, and 
found that he was buried on the 10 May 1612. 

[Sl<Afr-Iync\ Octob. 19, Tucsd., 1658. It hath its addition 
(-lyne) by reason of its auncient inhabitants, viz. of L>'ne, who 
continued here till about the latter end of king Henry VlII, when 
their male line ceased. Their estate fell to co-heirs, whereof Robcrl 
Hoh of . . . CO. Lane, had this by partition and match with the said 
Lyne and (the Holt family) continueth here 10 this day. 

The pedigree of the Holts see long as ihcy ha\-e bin att Stoke-line 
is as followeth : — 

Robert Holt m. Eliiabetb, co<bcire of Juho Lyne. 

WiUuim Ho!t m. Kftthcrioc Pormor, daui^hter and brlre of 
fobiit 7 Jan. ij<6|). | Juhn Ponnor, gent, of Owfley co. Buckt. 



Ralph Holt, m. Eltcnur Jonn, William Aon UrigiU Frmoco Katheriae. 



bimedat 
Slokelyne. 



d&ugbtcrof Walter 

Jonci of Cbastlrtun, 

CO. Oxon ; slic died 

11 I>c. 166S. 



t^Tbomas Holt m. Stuon reitj", daughter 
I of CtuuneU Tctty * of 
TctUworth. 



Ralpk^ Holt, m. . . , StafTord, 
Bccoad soo. 



adanghter, 
tnuricd... 



Ralph Holt, m. Susaa daughter of Thomas RliJey etq. of Chitwood com. 
act 10, A.u. i6.;8. Bucks; obiit 19 Man:b 1660 (I.e. {)- 



• 'coMn.'iothcHail. MS. 
' inacrlptions at Sloke-lyne and at 
Hanl%rick« talten by Wood on 19 Oct. 
1658, ace in Wood MS. R !£■ InscHp- 
lions at Saaicrtoa and at Suuldcmc 
taken by Wood on 30 Oct. 1 658. kc in 
l^'ood MS. K I j. loscriplions nt Cut- 
ford .Cotsfordl and at Mlxtmry taken 
Wood on ai (Jet. 1658. see in Wood 
MS. ii. 15.— 'fhcac ioscriptioas >k after- 



wards transcribed into Wood MS. E. t. 
' notes in Wood MS. B. i{, whrni 
there it a tefcrence ' %ee " Notes ftoin 
Heralds Ofllre"!!. 73.' 

* Ibis is the ■ corcn Petty ' nt/ra ; be 
was now living with bis widowed 
daughter. 

* • KaljA Holt, son of Ralph Holt of 
Siokclioe. gcni., act iS, 1637, niatiic 
of Mo^. Hall ' ; Wood's note. 



364 



WOOltS UFE AXD TTITES. 



The lover {<^ the cbordi) vas much decaied, ready to (all downe ; 
bill now this yerc, viz. anno i6^^8. was repaired*.] 

[In* the be^nning of October a. a 1658 were foand at Steple 
AstoQ com. Oxon by a man vbo was there plowing a vault under 
grownd and one ' the top of It «bcre tbe plow stock was a Romane 
ume or two. This >-a(a)U was all paved with fictle bricks as bigg as 
faalfe^rownes laid in fine ccxDcnt. some viifa fiover-de-liz one ' them. 
They were all in the fashion of lozenges, etc. — This I gave to Dr. 
<Robcrt> I'loc] 

NoTomber. — ^The ad dsj, T^ at EUact. id. — Tbe f, F., q«Bt. g^; Kiven to 
capt. Bcilen, Cii; the same, to ScUtter for a Rosu c^ymtt dvcr. &/.— 9, T^ 
■pent M aldcmuu Harrises, lotf. — 17. \S\ tot mv oMa Uolt*s Ksk. u ; for 3 
coioa of «lrcr, W; ipoil, &/ — », M.. spent. t», — tj, T* to Dm. Torter for 
dntwlni; anao, 31 &/; spcoi, $d. — if, Tb., spent at }eaata, ^J; tbe Mme, to 
NicholU for malcing up ray coat, 51. — 26, F., vpat oo Mr. HUl, 6^; the ume, 
for ftoUng my shoe^ ti 6d. — Tbe 30, T^ ai Fllcsea, W; tbe fame, spent at tbe 
Sprad ^'*^i^c, i> : tbe mne, to FonA for 1 bookes, M 

[Nov.* 3, \V., 1658, Mr. (George) Marshall, warden of New Cdl. 
Oxon, departed this life and was buried in the ... .] 

PMamber.— Tbe S. W., ipcttt at tbe Crawne Tateme with Mr. (Zephsoljib) 
Crcnet uui Mr. (Jabn) CBftcyne, 10^ — ao, M^ it Elteia, ej.— tj,. Tb., for a 
pain of glovei, is; to tJie gloren' box, 61/: paid Mr. Potter all my aeon, 171. — 
34, V; to iIk berbet, 4> &f; U> Godwin far stitched bookcs, 41; to Forrest, u; to 
Fucrca for a couple of Almanacks. . . . : spent with Mr. (John) Cvneia ai Lcche's, 
lOi/. — >(< S., a pint of tack on Mr. (Kicbanl) Ilaukins, u ; ijient, ^ — 37, M.. at 
t:ilete«, Jj.— aS, T., spent at Flexon's, W.— 31, F.. spent at Jouks, jrf; (or 
nwruling my shoes, 6d. 

[7 Dec.', Th.. 1658. obiit Mr. <? Arthur) Heme, A.M. Coll. Wadh. ; 
ct scprlilur in cxlcriore capella ejusdera.] 

[Robert* Harrys, D.D., president of Trinity Coll. and somtimcs 
itclor of lianwcl! in com. Oxon died late at night on S. the 1 1 day 
of December 1658; and was buried in Trinity college chappclL 
His epitaph I h.avc printed in 'Hist, el Antiq. Oxon.' lib. 3 p. 301, 
He was borne of vcrie ordinary parents at Broad-Camdcm in com. 



iIbW.-^ MS. F-i fol.aiolAood 
ao._i_',ome of the inhaUtaiiU (of 
»okrWiw) w.lUcllyut Ujat thin lowiic 
fL± bcrti » m"*^* cwncand wiil shrw 
iJm -belt hath bcffl «me rum. of 
tCw .1 .lie w«t end wdoD the north 

ISTrfthfChutch. KiJrm^fo. 
*'*7iceb,Wood.prua«iby"«n,« 



at the end of ' I.tber Kiger Scaccarii.* 

* a ipclliitjr occasioDally found in 
Wood, (or 'on.' 

* note in MS. Rawl. D. 9/im 1 19a 
' note in MS. Riwl. D. o/i/n 1190. 

' note in Wood MS. F. 4, p. 97; 
vrhcic Wood gives the armK iti coloure, 
as they arc dcwribcd in next paiagrapb. 



OCT^-^DEC. 1658. 



3^5 



Glouc, and thcrfore I suppose he had no right to ihesc armes'. See 
hia life written by William Durham', printed at London 1660. 
I never saw these armes borcn by any but by the Harrises of Cructon 
and Tonguc-Castlc in com. Salop.] 

Dec. the 11 day. S., at xi of the clock in the night, died Dr. 
(Robert) Harris', D.D., president of Trinity Coll. Oxon. aged 84. 
He was buried in Trin. Coll. Chappell*, the 14 day, T., Dr. <John) 
Conaut ilic vice-can cellor preaching the funeral! sermon at St. Marie's. 
He was somtimc parson of Boroughlon, com. Hamp., 40 yearcs 
parson of Hanvcll '. He bore to his armes : ' barry of 8 peices, 
er(mine) and b(luc), 3 annulctts o(r) ; the chrest, a falcon a(rgent) 
with bells on her Icggs o(r), standing upon the brcst of a duck and 
pecking out his braines.' 

A little before Xlmas bishop Juxon' departed tliis life at hiii house 
in Little Coropton, and was buried thcr on Xtmas day. Quaere. 



About 45 yeares agoe was a man that very sacriledgeous rob'd 
St. Marie's Church Oxon of most of the brass monuments. He was 
sett in the stockes with the brass hanging about his neck^ 

[About' BIX jeares agoe there was an ume of coines found In 
Stockherst wood nearc Stanton St. John's. Mr. (Samuel) Lee' and 
Mr.<Char]es) Moorton '° of Wadham Coll. had most of them ; quaere. 
(Remember) 10 write to Mr. (Leonard) Yale (parson) of Cuxham 
whether or noe he halh any Roman coines tliat were found in Stock- 
herst wood (in) 1651. — It" was in the year 1647. vVmongst sfune 



' in Wood MS. E I fol. 169 b ii the 
inacriptioa of Timothy HarrU (died 11 
Jane 1659) in BstiLury church. Wood 
there gives the amu 9& ' ermine, j bam 
ugeot, orci nil i annnlets or,' and »}'s 
* ihcH annca .-vre oo tbe toiiibe and irere 
•]«o apnn the ht^nc of Pr. Robert 
Harris his fatEirr wlien be was buried at 
Oxon t6^S — (|uacrc wbal right they have 
to thoin.' 

' ' The life and death of that jodi- 
dona divine . . . Robert Ilarrii D-D." 
by W. D., Lend. 1667, 8vo ; Wood 

391 (6^ 

■Wood 514(50 '» 'Two IcItCTK 
written by Mr. tlarriK,* 164K, which 
profcw to be published by a person 
withoiii Mnrriii' leave. Wood notes 
' Uiia waa done by Mr. Harris himacUc' 



* Gntch's Wood'a C<^t. and HaUs, 

P- 533- 

' Beritao and Ilanvell. 

* the rumour was false. WiUiam 
JuxoD, bUhop of London, was trani- 
lated to Canterbury Sept. 1O60 and died 
4 June 1663, 

^ it w'tuld have been more sensible 
to hnvc restore*) the brasses to the 
chorch, 

' notes by Wood of date 1658 ; 
printed at the end of Hcamc's ' Ubci 
Niger Scaccaril' 

* Samuel I^e, we Gantiner's Reg. 
Coll. Wn.ih. p, 17J. 

"* Cbark* Morton, sec ibid. p. iRo, 
" i.e. the r!i«ovciy of the coini; 

the lecofld part of the note it a coiTcc- 

tioo of Ibe fust port. 



465 



WOOZfS UFE AND TTMES. 



of the coincs llicrc vas one of Romulus and Remus. The man that 

found them viz Alarton of Odington, butcher, sold them to a 

scholler of C.C.C.— This information I gave to Dr. (Robert) Plot.] 

[One* Cook being pracva(ri)cator or umbra in Cambridge com- 
mencement ' about a or 3 years before the restauration of Charles II 
seemed to be verie vritiie in bis speech, but in the middle therof seing 
Jack Glcndali an Oxford wit peeping out of a privat bole, the pre- 
varicator saw him and called out saying, * Salve, Mr. GleodaU/ lo 
which Glendall rcplycd * Salve lu quoquc ' (Cocc.)] 

(Wood T) 11 (6) U ft ' Cataloece of the most T«n(!ible books in England,' Load. 
1658, by Willinm Lotidcm of Newcastle : in it Wood hu thb note ; — ' Is il not ■ 
draple thing for « mui to m*ke a catalo^e of booki and not to lot downe the 
Xtian names of the •atbonf for there Iw scvernll authore that ha*« the saow 
Himaiue.') 

(Wood D I] (4) B a * Catalogue of books printed for and to be sold by Richard 
DiTic at hts shop near Orld Colledge ia Oxford,' 165S.) 



lesil and 1659: xl C&r. ZI: (Wood aet. 27) 

Janaarj.— The i, S., for ihi* Almiu»dt, yi\ for * the * Idoll of the downo,* 
I0«/.— 3, M., at EllcsM, &/; at the Pit for my score, loi/.— 4, T^ for bookea. 
Ij lorf. — 6, Th., to Mrs. Bumham for a pyc for Mr. (XalhanJcl) Greenwood ' and 
Mr. (Matthew) Hatton, 11.— 7. F., spent at Mat(thew> Leeches with Mr. (John) 
Curlcyne, tU.— 8, S., to Mr. Blacrave for liookes', 51.— 14, F., spent with Mr. 
(John) Curteyne and Mr. Flexoo * at the widow Flexon's, ix. — 15, S., to Ui&hop 
for tneoiliii]; my ftolin, u. — 18, T., at the widow Flexoo's with Mr. (Jotm) 
Curtcynr, irf.— 19, txtoght of Mr. Davies a parcell of sticht books, 9^.-31, W., 
bon^ht of Mr. Chambers a parcell of sliclit books, 7/ ; the wme, to (Matthew) 
Jgllyinan to lookc and take out »ome names out of the remitter of Sl Marie's Oxoa, 
fW.— a4. M., to Mr. Robio&on for a parccll of stictht bookcs, » f>d. — 35, T., to 
Darli, for more, 11.— 18, F.. tpeot with Mr. (John) Curteyne and Mr. (Richard) 
Lower at Ton Woodc's tareme, U %d\ the same dny »pait with Mr. (John) 
Curteyne at Harper's, u ; for apples and wood when Mr. (Matthew) Ilotton and 
Mr. (Nathaniel) Greenwood were here, t^.—li, M., paid to Mrs. Bumam for a 
•core, "fd. 

January-— U^n. ' 2, 165}, Mr. (? Philip) French (loJd me that) 



> note in Wood MS. E 3a fol. 35 b. 

* note in Wood MS. £ 31 fol. ii b : 
— ■ Jocose mihi dixit qoklam, Cania- 
farigiae totnmttutmtnti did proplerea 
qood Canlatiiigta dc nuvti incacpit, 
Oxonine autcm vocanlur oitm quasi 
pctfectio eorum, " ados " cnim " est 
perfectio rel." Oxoniam qnoqnc a vado 
dcnomiaari dixit. Cantabrigiam a poote, 
mA wdam est prius pootc cfgo et 
Oxoaia est prior Cantabiigia.' 



' Lood. 1654; Wood 453 (I). 

* Kathaniel Greenwood, M.A., Braa. 

* one of them was Wood 463 
(' Chionicon ex Cbrooicis.' Lond. 159a) 
which is marked ' Liber Anthony Woode 
CoU. Merton., Jan. 8, iftjl.' 

* William Flexney, the mtuJcias. 

* Dolci by Wood printed by Hc&mc 
in 1718 at the cod of 'Liber Ni^ct 
ScaccariL* 



yAJV.^ FES. 16M. 



a67 



it was supposed that bishop O^**") Bancroft*, bishop of OxoDr 
poisoned himself a little before the Long Parlemcnt began, being to 
aiLswer many articles that were to be pull up against him. 

Jan. a, 1655, Mr. (? Philip) French (told me of) bishop (J^^") 
Williams, bishop of Lincoln and also dcane of Westminster; to him 
the archbishop of Canterbury sent and desired him to send a con- 
iribution 10 rcpaire Paul's • ; ' Why,' said he, ' will he rob Peter lo 
pay Paul?' — meaning that he was dean of St. Peter's Church.] 

[*A true' and impartial narrative of ihe most material debates in 
the late Parliament ' : — this parliament began by Protector Rtcliard's 
call 37 Jan, 1658 (i^. g), dissolved 36 Apr. 1659.] 



[Richard * Gkeexwood, of Sow-eibie m. ... 
in the VicBridgc oi Halyfas, | 

I 



... m. John Greenwood m. ... 
(acLSo, 16S0) 



Duici Greenwood, m. 
•oradines fellow of 
BiHOOKud rector of 
Shtepte-ftstoo, oUit 
<i4 0ct. 1679 *et 51.) 



Duiiel Greenwood, Dr. 

of Phyiick and 

fellow of him. Coll., 

1687. 



Nathaniel Greenwood ', 
Bac of DiY^ fellow of 

BruDOK, became 
rectoi of CotiiDgtmro in 
com. Northatnpt. i6Sa. 



Duticl Greenwood, D.D., 

somtimcs principal of Hrmuiooe, 

married GrisiU Htll of KcDt, 

died wtthoot iuae ^3^ Jan. 
'6;<, net . 71). 

I 



Moces Greenwood, Mr. of 
Arts of Brasnose, Khool- 

Btaster at Cbarlboty, 

died I March anno 1679 

<'■«■ H>. boricd in 

Ine Collie cJoister. 



Edward Greenwood, M.A. 

fellow of Bran. i68t. 

He died in Oct. 1691 at Madrid 

in SpaLce, being then chaplaine to the 
English ambasaadoT there] 



Febm&ry. — The i, T., spent at tbe Tarerne with Mr. O'*'"*) Cowdrey ami Mr. 
0ohn) Corteync, 1/ 6d; the ume at Lllescs, 6d. — The id, W., ipcot with Mr. 
(John) Ctutcyoe and Mr. (Kidiard) Lower at the CasUe Inn, i/; the tame for 
ltBUsag««, 2^. — 3, Th., ipenl at widaw I<1cxney'« with Mr. 0ubii) Curteyue and 
Mr. (Zephaniah) CrcsKtt, M. — 9 day. W.. indebted to Potui's for a shirt, 5^. — 
II, F., iipent at Tnm Wt»adc'« wilfa Mr. (John) Cnrleyne, is W.--14, M., spent 
at the Crowoe Tavrme with Mr. {Zcphantah) Cresset and Mr. {Nicholas) 
Shirwtll, IS iJ.— iS, T., at wklow Fleuiey's with Mr. <Ji»hn) Curteyne, (ui.-~ij. 



* 9ce Clark's Wood's City of Oxlbrd« 
ii-p. ij. 

■ Wood 376 n no. 36 is D. King's 

fcngravinK of Old S.Paol's (1658), with 
venes by E. Bcnlowcs (' Beuerol&s '), 
prke li. 

* Load. 1659; Wood 5i9(,ii). 



* Ibis pedigree a found in Wood 
MS. E. i.fol. Ill b. 

* Wood's Meod. He seems to hare 
had antiquariaa tailet : W' ood in Wood 
MS. E I, fol. 100 b dtes iiiscriplioua 
and arnu in Shiploa-onCherwell chnrch 
'ex ooltcO. N. G. 166a.' 



268 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



Th., to the darkc of Cn(!derfen% 3<t— 18, F., at Leeches with Mr. <John> 
CBrtcyne, &/.— ig, S.. to Blagravc for i booke, u 6rf.— 13. W., spent at W»tcr- 
eaton with Mr. (Naihiiniel) Grenwood and Mr. (Matthew) Hutton, 4//. — j6, S., 
speol at Ibc Meereouid T«T«nic with Mr. Dropc aad Mr. <John) Curtcync, it 6«t 

February. — Memorandum, that on Feb. the it, F., I set my 
hand to a petition aganst Visitors: Mr. (Nathaniel) Crewe of L}'nc. 
Coll. brought it to me. The godly party ihey put up another petition 
and say 'it is for the cause of Xt.' Dr. (Jului) Conaiit the vicc- 
cancellor sent a letter lo Dr. (John) Owen ' then att London and told 
(him) tlial 'he must make hast to Oxon for godliness layes a 
ing/ i.e. there was a petition to the Parliament to putt out Visitors, 
Vide History (in) English (i.e. Gulch's Wood's Hist. Univ.* Oxon. 
ii. p. 686.) [None" more ready than Crew, a noted Presbyterian, tOj 
promote this petition.] 

•Feb. II, F., Nathaniel Crew, M.A. and fellow of Lincoln Coll.,1 
brought to A. W. a petition to pi^sent to the parliament against 
standing Visitors in the university : to which, upon his desire, be set 
his hand, &c. The Independents, who called themselves now the 
'godiy' parly, drew up another petition contrary lo tlie former, and 
said ''twas for iho cause of Clirisl* &c. No person was more ready 
than Crew, a presbyterian, to have the said Visitors put downe, not-j 
withst:inding he had before submitted to them, and had paid to ihemj 
reverence and obedience. 

•Feb. Ii, Egg-Salurday, Edward Bagshaw, MA. and student o( 
Ch. Ch., presented his bachclaurs ad dtlcrminandum, willioul having 
on liim any formalities, whereas every dcane besides had formahtiea 
on. Dr. John Conant was then vicechancellour, but took no noticaj 
of Bagshaw. 

•In this Lent, but the day when 1 cannot tell, A- W. went as a| 
stranger with Thomas Smith *, Mr. of Arts, (ejected his clerkship o| 
Magd. Coll. by the Visitors 1648) but now living obscurely in Oxon.1 
I say he went wilh the said Mr. Smith on a cerlaine morning to SbJ 
private and lone house ' in or nearc to Baglcy wood, between OxoOiJ 



' jn»criptioTo at CntMcfdcD taken 
by Wood on 17 Fch. 1658 (i.e. {)► »*« 
in Wood MS. U 15. 

' the Independent, deas of Ch. Ch. 

* added in a later lumd ; it relet* to 
the petition ogAiiiat tlie Parliaiaeittary 
Visitors. These Vidtors (' Delegates') 
had been jii session turn 164K, con- 
trolling the nfairs of the University, 
with occuional tntcrfcrcacc from the 



'London C'ommitte^r/ i.e, of I'ailia- 
ment. Hiis plan of directing nB'ftirs in 
the University by a permanent nitd 
resident budy of Vinton was aa old 
ooc. Queen Eliiaheth having done the 
Bsne thing. 

' *ce Blowun's Reg- Coll. Magd. i. 53. 

* 'a ^vatc and obKure place,' In 
the Ilarl. MS. Sec BILsi' ' KcUquiac 
ticainianac' under date 3 March 171I. 



FEBRUARY, 1669. 



369 



and Abendon, inhabited by the lord of Sunningwell called Hannibal 
Baskervylc, esq.* The house (called Bayworth) is an old house 
fiilualed in a romanccy place, and a man that is g;iven to devotion and 

See bis Mintrua Britanna, p. 106. 

The following cnrioiii Utter from sir 
Thomai Bukcrvile b printed from tbe 
original, amoog Mr. St. Amaod's p*pcn, 
in the Bodlcimn. It u th« more proper 
for inscrtioii, u tlte original is neaily 
worn oat by damp nnd fcrtncr ncglccL 



' * Hannlbftl llukerrille of Suiming- 
wcU and Bayworthdicd 16 March 166J, 
acL 6S : son of Sir Thomas Itaslcerville 
of Goodrcst in com. Wnrw.' : — note in 
Vi'ood MS. B I4, For two volnmcs of 
Collcrctionsljyhtsson (Matthew Thomas 
Baskcrvitte) see Bliss' KeU^mat Hear- 
^mianae ii, 137. One oE thcK Yolumet 
|(wnttCQ in 1693) is in the Dritisb 
losctim (MS. Htrl. 4716); the other 
lb nppoied to b« dettrojred. A turn- 
jscript of one of them is foDcid in MS. 
lIUwl. D. 810. OrUiii Dr. B!i» in the 
^1848 edition of the Life of Wood gives 
!-tbii acconnt : — ' A Tramcript cf lomt 
tvriuitigs of Hattnibati Batktrvilt, tsq. 
or thty -wtrt found t<atUrtd Htre aitd 
thtr* it* ftit manuurifls ami books ef 
\uctsunt, and first a remembratut of 
' aeme manumenti ami reitifuei itt ike 
Cilurrh of Hi. Detmiif and ihereattmH 
ijt ffratfit by Hannihal Boikervyle who 
went into y*. iountry tw'^. an English 
a/nbaiutiiffr ia tAereigfU of kitigjantti^ 
This MS. ' coolainit acveral coriou* par- 
ticulars relating to Oxford and the per- 
ions eilacated there, and the following 
brief particular* of Mi. (Hannibal) 
Uoskcrvilc binuclf. 

"April y*. 5, 1597. 1 was Iwm nt a 
town in Piccardy, colled St. Vallcry 
where was a deadly pUgoe among y*. 
Ffrench, but it did not mfcct any of Uie 
EogliUi soldiers. 1 waa christened by 
ooe Mi. Man y*. preacher, and I bad 
&11 the captaina. about 3), lo be my 
godfathers, it being the cmtome so of 
the wars, when the gcnciall hath, a son 
(they say ;) but two only stood at the 
ffoni or great bason, one was sir Arthur 
I Savage, the otiicr I ean nut remember 
his name. Sir Arthur Chichrsti-r was 
there, and other great men that have 
been since. My father Sir Thomas 
BasVervile died of a burning feavour at 
A town called Pic^Dcny. I was then 9 
weeks old." 

To this I may add, that he was in- 
Slracled under the care of Peacfaam 
author of the Cfmfltal CentUman, ttc 



' To the Honorable Sr. Jhon Noneyt, 
Knight, geneiall of the army that! goe 
for Portugall. 

Konorahle, 
T htimbly dctirc yoor H. lo tfainkc 
that the ocasion of my stay hear is nott 
for any disUke of the viage or of the 
generall.butt that itt is rather for wantt 
of means, for I assnie you if I had gonn, 
noe man would have gonn with greater 
dificieditt, for ihatt fur the most parte 
thatt I have ajMrelcd my !>olldiar« itt 
hath bin vpon my creditt to the mar- 
chant for the which I have gcvea my 
perticulci bill, and nott vpon the pro- 
nuit loastets, farther my liftenant is in 
prison who wer vtteily lost if I wer 
wMrawen, besides the dishonor that 
would light one me for Icnng him ther, 
going into a new warr, besides 1 assure 
yow all llialt I have is in [>aan, which 
would be lost if I wcnit These thinges 
battb caasid mc to sckc the stay of my 
companyc of my lo. geneiaJI. and nott 
any perdcnler dislike f have of your lo. 
or of the viag, the w*^. I humbly en- 
treatt your bo. to belcve, for in deaieitg 
to fulow yow, I shold shew my lelf 
wondcriiill vndi&crect con^dering ther 
is so many my betters w<*>. doc ytt, be- 
side for the mo«t pail T have folowd 
yow since I knew tlic warrs, and if I 
hav Icm'd any thinge I acknowlcdg itt 
from yow. Tlins fearing to be over 
ledius I fanmbly desire yow to rest my 
honorable good fnenil, and lo excuse 
my comidgL- w'^'^. I dcsiic you to tmputt 
rather lo thcs Ictts than any wantt of 
desire to folow .yow. Hagge this 30 
of January. Your honor's most asurid 
to do yow scrvis. 

Tbo. Bailtcndle.' 



ajo 



IVOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



learning cannot find out a better place. In this house A. W. round 
a pretty oratory or cbappcl up one pair of staircs, well fumish'd 
with velvet cusheons and carpets. There had been painted windowes 
in it, but defaced by Abendon soldiers (rebells) in the grand rebel- 
lion ^ He also found there an excellent organ in the said oratory: 
on which Mr. Smith perfomi'd the part of a good musitian, and sang 
to it. Mr. Baskervyle was well acquainted with him, and took delight 
to heart him play and sing. He was civil to them, but A. W. found 
him to be a melancholy and rctir'd man ; and, upon enquirie farther 
of the person, he was told that he gave the third or fourth part of bis 
estate to the poor. He was bo great a cherisherof wandring beggars, 
that he built for them a larg place hke a bame to receive them, and 
bung up a little bell at his back-dore for them to ring when they 
wanted any tlung. He had been several times indicted at Abendon 
sessions for harbouring beggars. In his jrongcr daycs while lie was a 
student in Brasnose Coll., he would frequent the house of bis kins- 
woman the lady Scudamore, opposite to Merton CoIL church : at 
which lime the mother of A. W. being a girle and a sojourrrour in 
his father's house neare to it, he became acquainted with her: and* 
when be knew that A. W. was her son, he was civil to him. And" 
^A. Wood) afterwards frequented the house, especially in the time 
of his son Thomas Baskervyle*, to refresh his mind with a melancholy 
walkc, and with the rctiredness of the place, as also with the shady 
box-arbours in the garden. 



' tbe Hul. MS. bu ' ia the Ute wirr.* 

* the Viu\. MS. hu ' kod upon thU 

■ccount.* 

* the HaiL MS. bu 'I went itftcr- 
WnnU Co tbe liotiKr* i. e. Bnyworth. 

* »ec in Bliis" Rtliquiat J/eamianat 
U. 133, id a note of the death of hU 
•OQ TboRUU (I [aniiibAl's gnuid»ri). 
Thomu Botkervillc (the elder] called 
liiniM-lf • tbe King of Jerusalem.' Dr. 
Bttu in the 1S48 edition of the Ufe of 
IVood w)d* tbis note ftboat an engraved 
portrait of bim:— 'Tbe pottrait of 
Saalcerrllle U auppoaed by Ni>ble lo 
have beeo eDgraved by Vciiue, but by 
the execution this U hardljr probable. 
He U represented to an oval, witb a 
aluLch-hat, over a large flowing wic, a 
neck-kerdii^f banging long and loosely, 
and banng bis han<ls clasped toeetbcr ; 
a «inj;nlar and mixTable looking per- 



sonage. Above Is bit cy^h)per, and, 
" Once I was alive, aivd had flesh did 
thrive, 
Bat now I ara a ikellitoo at 7a'' 
And uiifler the print Bixtcen liocs, in 
which he tvlis us that be vnt t>om in 
Atig. 1639, and was coniict^fuently uxty- 
nbe in 1 699, the year probably in which 
the engraving was mndc. He concludes 
by saying that on the 1 1'". of January, 
1666, he received bis title from some 
supernatural announcement : 
" A ray oTIi^jhi I saw that day 
Enter my bean with beat and joy, 
Saying these words unto me then 
King ofJerwaUm." 

The rarityof this print is the oolyexcnse 
for so macfa said 00 inch a subject.* A 
pedigree of Qaskcrville of Uaywortb is 
in MS. Akhm. 8j6 fgl. 683, 



FEB* — MARCH, 1650. 



971 



[Caddcsden*, Feb. 17. 1658 <l.e. f). On the north side of the 
church was lately the bishop's house of Oxon, demolisht in the warr 
Itmc : as alsoc Sir I'homas Gardiner's house on the south bide of the 
church, who burnl it for feare the parlamenteirs should make a 
garrison of it] 

Slftrcb.— The 7, M.. to Kitt for 2 bniu pdocs, ^.—8, T., to Clarke for 
mending mjr Ehocs, lOc/; the umcfttEIleMa, 6^. — 10, Th., for paper, 3d', sold to 
8aid. Pocoke 7t fTOTtb of books, to be taken * sevenll titDCi ; the aame spent wllli 
Mr. (Matthew) Ilutton and Mr. (N&lhuiici) Greenwood at Eailtj^ ^! spciit 
upon Mr. (Mntlhcw) Hutton at the Flcnr-de-lit, is. — 14, M., spent going wilb 
Mr. (Matthew) Motion and Mi. (Nathaniel) Greenwood to N(oitb)moore and 
Slanlakc ', 9*/. — ai, M., to Mr, Potter for pbisicic drinkc. 4^. — Jg, F., bought of 
Mr. Forest 3 bookes, ». — 36, M., to Dlagrave of* ' the * 2d narrative of the late 
Farlatnent,' . . . — ^o. W., paid Mrs. Bambam a scoie, dJ; tbc same, spent at the 
Ff( Icur)-dtNluc« with Mr. (John) Cnrtc>Ttc, is. — 31, Th., to Forest for my 
qaortcritlgc and some other bookes*, 51 ^; to Mrs. Webb for a stictch books, 61/. 

Uaroli. — [About' the loth * of March anno 165$ Mr. . . . Sheldon 
of Barton com. Oxon departed this Jifc at London.] 

[The* It of March, F., 165J, lent to Dr. (Ralph) Baihurst, 
Lcland's ' Labourious "* Jomey and search after £nghsh Antiquities' 
through Mr. (William) Bull's hands,] 

[March la", S., 1655, Sir William Cobb of Adderbury com. 
Oxon., kt., departed this life and was biuicd there, \V., the i6lh; he 
bore to hia armca — sable, a chevron between 3 pickrings argent, a 
chief or ; fanpaling, quarterly blue and or, 4 staggs passant of the 
feild, by the name of Fludd.] 

[North-moore ". This mannour hath antiently belonged to the 
Moores or de la More, as appeares by some montmients in che north 



* note in Wood MS. B I $. 

* Le. the 7/. Is to be taken out In 
books at several times. 

* iosariptioas taken at Northmoor and 
at Stanlake by Wood on 14 Mar. 165S 
<1 e. I) see in Wood MS. B. 13. 

' 'of,' a slip for * for.' 

*Lond. 165S; Wood63oCi5). Wood 
notes ' this pamphlet seems to have 
beet) vrriltco by a fift monarchy man.* 

* one of them w.i5 Wood 101 (B. 
Mentx's ' Synugm* eptlaphianim ') 
which has the note * Uber Antonil Wood 
Oxon ex offidna Edvardi Forest, ejos- 
dem, bibliopoioe, emptus anno 1659.' 

* note in MS. Rawl. D. pUm H90. 

* '10' ctMTCclcd aftcTwanU to '7,' 



j-th March, Til ; tolb, Th. 

' fonnd on a fly-leaf of the Almanac 

" Wood 1.^; it has the note ' Aut. 
Woode. Mcitun Cull. Oxon. 16^8.' 

" note in MS, Rawl. D. o/m ugo. 

" note in Wood MS. E 1, fol. 31 : the 
earlier draft of it made on the spot 
Monday '14 March 1658' (i.e. |) is 
foond in Wood MS. B. i j ; where 
he adds : — ' the iinprnpriatioo, as I take 
it, tiL-lutigS to St, John's Coll. Oion; 
and the fttlows of the same serve there 
as vicars'; 'this towne is called by 
aerrerall nances in auntteot writings, 
tIz. Moore aiias Northnoorc, Mont 
St. DcnU, and MotrtoD or Moicloo- 
Ilythe, etc.' 



273 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES, 



isle of the cHurch, where there is a knight Icmplar thai lycs cross-legd 
with the Moore!! armcs upon his sheild and a lyon at his feet: on the 
right hand of him lyes the proporiion of a woman with a hound or 
talboi at her feet The said two tombes are erected knee-high : and 
on the wall over them are depicted these armes ', viz ; De la More 
{'argent, a fcss dancctl(;c gobonatcd sable and gules, between 3 
mullets pierced of the second '), Harcourt {' gules two bats or ') and 
. . . {' quarterly gules and or, in the first and fourth a cross botomufc 
or, in the second and third a lion rampant gulcs, within a bordure 
argent '). Mr. . . . Twyford of Northmore enformed me, 1664, lliat 
these armes were caused to be painted on the wall by Thomas de la 
More, a mad man, living at Payns-farmc by Burford, who pretended 
to be descended from them, about 1646; but since 1 have been 
enformed that he only repaired them ^] 

[At* the lower end of Stanlake* church on the south side is this 
following inscription on a brass plate : — 

' Orate pro anlnu Johanne Gatint nrpcr axons Jotnnnis Gsuint, qoe obiit ■ die 
meosU Maitii anno tlni MCCCCLXV: cujtu oQimt: prcpitietur'. .. 

This John Gaunt and Joan his wife did first of all, as I conceive, 
built Gaunt house in this parish, which was a garrison for the king 
164,1, 44) <^'^- ^^ ^^'^ ^^^'^^ belong to Dr. Samuel Fell dcanc of Ch. 
Ch. in Oson ; afiensards to his son John (since D.D. and bishop of 
Oxon.) 

This towne bath its name from its scituaiion, viz. in a moorish and 
lakisb ground. 

The parsonage of this townc (besides some lands therin) belongs to 
Magd. " Coll. Oxon., who^ armea are carvi:d° in stone that supj>urts 
the chanccll or cliurch; 

Ncare to this lowne is a bridge called Newbridge leading from 
London into Gloucestershire, built as 'tis said (or at least repaired) 
tempore Mcnrid VI, by John Golafrc, whom some stile 'esq.,' some 
*kt.' But this bridge being fallen into decay about 2 Kdw. IV. 



■ Wfioil gives the C0Rt» in trid:. 

* licy urc fotitid also in Wood MS. 
E. I fol. 43, drawing of itrms a1 Stanton 
llucourt, Northmoor, etc,, made, ac- 
cording to Wood. ' anno 1631 or there- 
alxntti * : tbese drawings are liy the 
lame band f' Mr. Winchell') which 
capltrd the arms at Dufchesler, »ce 
iiule 3, p. 123. 

* notes in Wood MS. £. 1 toX. 14. 



The earbcr ilraft, written on the spot 
Monday '14 March 1658,' i.e. Jj, is 
found ill Wood MS. U. 15. 
* Dovr f^cntlly sp'^U ' f^tandlitkc.* 
- Magdalcene CoU.* in Wood 

n. n. 

' in Wootl MS. It. T5 it nin» :— 
'carrcJ in 8l<Mie M[Mm ihc soppurten 
or the itwfe of the chnrch.' 



MAUCH, 1669. 



273 



{1463), several] complaints were put up by rhe men of Kingslon- 
Bokepuze and Stanlake for to have it repaired. Wherupon one 
Thomas Brings, that lived in an Hermitage at tliat end of tlic bridge 
next to Stanlukc, obtained license to require ibc good will and fas-our 
of passengers that came that way and of the ndghbouring villages : so 
tliat money being then collected, the bridge was repaired in good sort. 

This Hermitage was a Utile old stone building, but beyond the 
memorie of man it hath been an ale house or pcttie-iniie for travellers, 
called The Checquer. It belongs to Lj-ncolne College and Dod ' the 
tenant payes 3^ \d per annum for it, by the name of ' The Hermitage 
aliai the Checquer Innc ' in ihc parish of Slanlake.] 

[W., 16 March 1659, an allowance of 30//. to be paid quarterly 
out of the revenues of the University for tlie present year was allowed 
to Dr. Richard Zouch for acting as assistant to the Vice-chancellor 
in his court'.] 

[March 20', Su,, 1659, Sir Henry Lea of DItchtey, kt. and barL, 
departed this Ufe.J 

*In the latter end of this yeare * (in Mar.) scurvy-grass drink began 
to be frequently drunk in the mornings as physick-drinke. 

"All the time* that A. W. could spare from his beloved studies of 
Knglish history, antiquities, heraldry and genealogies, he spent in the 
most delightful facultic of musick, either instrumenial or vocal : and if 
be had missed the weekly meetings in the house of William Ellis, he 
could not well enjoy himself ail the week after. All or moet of the 
company, when he frequented that meeting, the names of them are 
set downc under tlie yeare 1656. As for titose that came in ^cr 
and were now performers, and witli whome A. W. frequently playd, 
were these : 

(t) ChAilet Perot*, M.A., fdlow of Oriel Coll., a «^ bred (|;nl. uu) a penoa 
f)f a sweet oalure. (a; ChriNtupher HBmu>n, M.A., feltuw of Quccfi'* Coll., a 
naggtjt-linuleti p(Tw>a and humotitoefc. lie irss aAc-rwai(U pano» of Burgh 
under Suyiuniore in CombeiIv)d, where be dieil in tbc wi&ter time anno i6f|k4. 
(3) KenelcB Digliy, tllow of Alb. Coll. He w«» nflcrwards I.I.. Dr. ; uid dyiog 
in the laid CoU. on Maoday alghl Not. 5. anno 16B0, was boried to the chappell 



' in Wood &I.S. £ i (he name is 
nfiderlised udoobifDl. probably because 
of the Upae of time ttocc the oote was 
first written- In Wood MS. B. 1 5 it is :— 
*tbe teuatil (to witt, one Dod}.' 

' bOle in MS. Tanner 338 £01.37; 
aee a similar rote lupra |i. 356. The 
aame »ura was allowed to him on 30 
March 1660 for the year Mich. 16^ to 
Mich. t66o. 



* note in MS. Kawl. D. dim 1190. 

* the year with Wood coding oa 
34 March. 

* this is placed \rf Wood to March, 
and M at the end of the year ia his 
notation. Tba reference therefore coTcia 
the yuf from April 1638, 

* Wood Dotrs ID the taargin : — 'sec 
Ath. et Fasti Oxoo. voL j p.' 781. 



tfaere. He vu » TiotinnL an<l the two formrr -riolutB. (4) WiUinra Ball, Mr. at 
Arts, bach, of Pb/sic, and fcUuw of Alls, coll, ; fut the viuUd and riul. He died 
15 Jul. i66t, aged )8 ynr«s, and wu buH«4 in the ciia)t{>cll (here. (5) John 
ViDccDt, M.A.. fellow of the taid C0II, ; a vialLst. He went aflefWknU lo the Inns 
of Court, anil was a barreitcr. (6) Sylvanus Taylor, lomtimcs commoner of 
Wadh. ColU, afterwardi fellow of Allioales ; a&d violist and tonf^ter. He went 
lAcnntds to Ireland, and died at Dnblin in Ibc bc;;inning of Nov. 1673. Hu 
elder brathci', ai))t. Siliu Taylor', was a composer of miuick, pUyd and sung hU 
fiarts : and when his oocaaona brou^ him lo Oxon, he woald be at the tnukicad 
mectlaga. and play and sing his pait there. (7) Henry Lanclcy, MA. and gent, com' 
mcccr of Wadfa, ColL ; a vlolist lod longxter. He muBficrwardt a worthy knight, 
livedatAbbey-FonatDeareShrewvbitry.wberehcdicdin lOSo*. (.8) Samuel Wood- 
fofd, a commoner and M.A. of the laid ColL; avtoll&t. He was aftcrwordt a cele- 
brated poet, beneficed in Hampshire, and prebendary of Wincheater. (9) Francis 
Parry, M.A., fellow of Corp. Cht. CoU. ; a violist and aongtter. He wa& afterwards 
a traveller, (and ' bctoaged (o the excise office I, (jo) Christopher Coward ', M.A, 
fellow of C. C. ooU. ; s \Holist and dlvidonvioUst. He wa» afterwards rtdor of 
Didical in hit aatim coonty of Somervetshire ; proceeded V. of D. at Oxon in 
l(K)^. {It} (.'h«iW«* BrldgemsB, MA. of Queen coll. and of kin lo Sir OrUodo 
IMditCBUU^ lie ^** aflerwmida an:hdcacon of Richmond. He died j6 Nov. 
l6}i^ m»i was bnr^cd in the chap, belonging to that colL (la] Nathaniel Crewt 
M.A., fellow of Line CoU. ; a violinist and violist, but alwaies played out of tunc, 
a> h««ii>|; no fiooil care*. He was &fterwardi, thro levcial preferments, bisliop of 
IMrham. (13) Mntlhew Hutlon, M..\., fellow of Bnunose Coll.; an excelleat 
vlollit. Afterwards rector of A}-noe in Xorthamptonshiie. (14) Thomas Ken 
of New Coll I ft junior. He would lie ftonilinits nnioiig tbem, and sing his part, 
(if) Christopher Jcffryes. a jtinior student of Ch. Cbuid) ; excellent at the organ 
and viiginaU or hnrp«idiotd, having been trained up la those inslmmcots by hia 
fatttri O«otg JciTiyes, Meward lo the lord Hanon of Kirbie In NoithAiDp(ao!>hire 
ud ufpuiiM lo K. Cb. I at Oxon. (16) RiiJiard Rhodes \ unother Junior ttndcnc 
of Cb. Cbiuxb, a coaftdcnt Wcstmonaatcrian, a vioUoiM to bold bctwcin bis knees. 

"These did frequent the weekly meetings; and by ihe Iwlp of 
ptiblick masters of musick, who were mixed with them, ibey were 
much improv'd. Narcissus Marsh, M.A. and fellow of Exeter CoU, 
would come somtimes amung ihem, but seldome play'd, because be 



■ Wood hts a msr^tnal note i~' see 
li Uie same book before quoted <!. c. 
M^ rt F**' Oxon. vol. 3> p. 465.' 

* • tMo ' In lh« MS. is only in pvadl 

* IW wonlt la btackets arc oaly in 

^UvmJ III ('Court Ayns (treble) 

• TtOhD!.' Ix>0d. 1655,1 *^> 

su autograph 'Chrittopbcr 

I ilir MS. corrected in 

ifc ot Nathaniel lord 

wham. com|>iIed from 

R»v. I*. John Smith 



prebendary of Durham ' which I bad la 
my hands (March 1891) are these two 
passage*:— (a) 1 p. 3) 'he had to delicate 
an ear lltat when he was in his nuisc't 
arms, njion hearing diKord in niuaick 
be said Mr musui eria ' ; (4) * befora 
coming np to the University . . . ht waa 
also attended by masters of mnsick and 
made inch itDptonnimt under them at 
leisnic Ixwis ...[bat he was able lo 
perform on several instruments at &igbt 
and ill consort.' 

'' Wood Qotcs in the margin: *sm 
Ath. ct fasti vol. 1 p.' 399. 



MARCH —APHiL, 1659. 



275 



had a weekly mecLing in his chamber in the said CoU. where masters 
of musick would come, and some of the company before mcntion'd. 
■W'hen he became principal of S. Alban's-hall, he translaled the meet- 
ing thither, and there it continued when that meeting in Mr. EUis's 
house was given over, and so it continued till he went into Ireland 
and became Mr. of Trin. Coll. at Dublin. \\t was afterwards archb. 
of Tuarn in Ireland. 

*iVfter his majestic's restoration, wlien then the masters of mtisick 
were restored to their several places that Ihcy before had lost, or else 
if they had^ lost none, they had gotten then preferment, the weekly 

■ meetings at ^^^. F.Ilis's house began 10 decay, because they were held 
Op only by scholars, who wanted directors and instructors, &c. so that 
in few yeares after, the meeting in that bouse being totally layd aside, 
the chief mcctiiij* was al Mr. (then Dr.) Marshc's chamber, at Exeter 
Coll., and afterwards at S. Allian's hall, as before I have told you. 

'Besides the weekly meetings at Mr. Klhs's house, which were 
first on Thursday, then on Tuesday, there were meetings of the 

'echolastical musitians every Friday nighi, in the winter time, in some 
colleges ; as in the chamber of Hcnrj- Langley, or of Samuel Wood- 
ibrd, in Wadham Coll. ; in the chamber of Christopher Harrison in 

■Queen's Coll. ; in that of Charles Perot in Oriel ; in another at New 
CoU. &c. — to all which some masters of musick would commonly 
retire, as William Flcxney, Thomas Jackson, Gervaa Westcote, &c. ; 
but these meeting(s) were not continued above 2 or 3 yeares, and I 
think they did not go beyond the yeare 166a. 

April. — I, F., paid atGteflWftle'ii for a score, 319^: to T)avis for a pamphlett, 
31/ ; given lo my tistn to buy cluutu, ,v ; far namdin^ aiy slioes, \sj^ii\ vpcnliU the 
Crowne Tannic with Mr. <Jobu) Coneyne and Mr. KoMikoo', LyniL Coll., 61/. — 
3, S., for a pnirr nf ^lovrs, If ; to my tnrbcr fur h» quarteridf;, ^ ini. — 4, M„ >{ient 
at 'the Bell ' in Stole with ray cozen (John) Lewu, ^.—i, T., given to the bailer 
and giofDem Mr. (I'hiU)>)Holniui'a* home in Watkwortli, N(ort)hiini^pion), \s; 
given to llic cLirke lliere tu sec the Cbun:h,.W. — 6, \V.,j;1v«» lo ibcrKrvjutsat my 
coten (John) Carc'a hotuc at Middlctoo-Chcyncy, \t. — B, F., {•Ifcn to the lerTanU 
Iftt my CM. Petiye'»h(niH nl -StiA-Linc, y W; fur honchlrr, j*.— 9, S., t'tBUgrave 
for a tMoke, SJ. — 10. Su., for j tcmmont. ^d. — 30, S., bought of Mr. DaTisat>ooke 
ol inraphkttS) \t6J; the umc, spciit al the FIcui^Uc-liz witli Mr. {John) Cui- 
teync, 61/. 



■ John Rolflnson, MA. Univ. Coll. 9 
Apr. 1657 ; FeiliiMT of Lincoln frum 
1659 to t Feb. l66J ; Rector of Ulymii- 
ton Oxon, where he died 3 Feb. l6Si 'ct 
•epalttu est in choii> cjiwlcm ccclc&iac.' 

* ia Wood hfS. D -I i> a dtawiog of 



his monumc-nt in Warkwcrrtb church CO. 
Northli by llaobory ; the arms ntt ' vctl, 
a chevron anil 3 pheon^ vr|rTOt ' ; the in- 
acripitoD U 'Uic jacet I'hilippm HoU 
man, dominus dc Warkvrorth. etc., qni 
otiiii anna (alutii 1G69 antatit •nic "fi' 



T 3 



376 



H^OO/>'S UFE AND TIMES. 



J 

. hi. ' 



April. — *Apr.' a, Saturday, he went to Stokc-Lyne ncare Bi 
(with his mother, x scn'ant-mayd, and a man) to give a visit to his 
cozen Chamell Petty esq. and other of his rehiions there. 

•Apr. 4, M., I»e went to Mi(idIcton-Che>'ney in Northamptonshire 
with his mother and other of his relations at Stoke-Lyne, to visit hb 
cozen John Cave and tliose of his family. He continued there two 
or three nights, in whicli time be took his rambles to Banbury, visited 
the church and antiquities there much broken and defaced ; and 
thence to the anticnt and noble seat of Werkwonh, then lately 
belonging to the Chetwoods; of whom it had then, some yeares 
before, ben bought by Philip Holman of I^ndon scrivener, who dying 
in 1669, aged 76, was buried In the church there. One John Lewes 
his kinsman conducted him thither, where wee found the eldest son 
and heir of the said Philip Holman named . . . who was lately remm'd 
from his travells, bad changed his religion for that of Rome *, and 
seemed then (o be a melancholy and begotied convert. He was 
civil to us ', and caused the church dorc to be opened, where wee 
found several anticnt monuments ; the chiefcst of which arc of the 
Chetwoods, which A. W. then transcrib'd with the anncs on them. 
The mannour house is a sutely house, the anticnt habitation of the 
Chetwoods of Chetwood in liucks ; part of which, vit. the former 
part, was built by the Chetwoods, tlie rest by Philip Holman before 
mcntion'd. In tlie gallery of the said house are the armes, quartcr- 
ings, crests and motto's of several of the nobility in Enfiland*. At 
Banbury is a very fair cliurch. but of 60 coates of armc5 that were in 
the windowcs there before tlie warrs began, he could tlien see but 



' in the Heu-I, MS. this posugc niaa : 
' Friday (Good Friday; <Apr. i) I went 

to St<Jcc-L}Tic to the house 

of mycosenChArncl Petty, where I eoo> 
liaocd a week ; to which time 1 took my 
nmMes aboBt the cattnliy to collect 
munumcDts Bod anoct in cbarches.' Is- 
saipUobs it Buckncll toVcn by Wood 4 
Apr. 1659, ace Wood MS. U 15 and also 
Wood MS. li I, p. 176. loscriptioas at 
Waikworth, CO. Nortbonts and at Mid- 
dlctoo-CbeyDey taken by Wood 5 Apr. 
i659,seeWood MS.B ijand also Wood 
MS. E I , p. i<i£. Inscriptions at Heat}) 
taken \ij Wood on 7 Apr. 1659, see 
Wood MS. B 15 and aUo Wood MS. E 
t, p. 181 b. In Woud MS. Y. \ fol. 117 
is this note about Middlcton-Stoney : — 
' in the churcli-yard axe many graves 



■Oax. lye north and soath ; othen dedtn- 
ini; north-west ; (ew, as oidtnirily elae. 
whcte, cut 2nd west.' 

* in the llml. MS., '^-om histraTelli 
wherin be bad beeti reconciled to the 
church of Kome.' 

» in the Hail. MS.. • be was ciril to 
me and to John Lcwcs who coadncted 
me thiihcr.* 

' the Harl.MS.riilstiptbtsgapthDfi: 
— ' tbcQce I rctorned to the place from 
whence I came vii. from the home of 
tny coien Jolm Cave rectur ofM idilleloft- 
Cbeyney where I lodged that (night) : 
and the next <iay, being Wednesday Apr. 
6. 1 Tod(e) to Bantmry, where I saw ■ 
very fair choich ... I went the noa 
day (7 Apr. 7) to Slokc-Lync' 



APRIL — Af AY, 1669. 



177 



13 or 13. The monuments there were also wofuUy deraced in the 
late civil warr, yel wliat remained he iranscrib'd and rcturn'd to 
Middleion againe. 

[April ' ; in Easier weeke 1659 my cozen Leonard Petty of Thame, 
m of John Petty of Tetsworth, esq., departed this life, being about 
■90 years of age. He married Elizabeth Crispe, daughter of . . , 
Crisp of Cobcot com. Oxon. by his wife ... the daughter of . . . 
Roper, Icinsman of my lord Roper's. The said Leonard Petty was 
buried in Thame churchvard by his wife who died the yeare before 
(1658).] 

"Apr. 6, \V., he retumd to Stokc-Iync with a great deal of com- 
pany (two coaches full) that went thenee viith him to Middleton. 

[Heath ', 7 Apr. 1659. Mr. Evans, the minister of this place told 
me that when the dark dug a grave for a parishioner, (he) found the 
effigies of Sl Georg kiUing the dragon cut in stone wiih tlie face lying 
downward. Probably it stood up formerlie in some part of tlie 
Church'.] 

April 7, Th, Mr. Noell Sparke, senior fellow of C. C. C. Oxon, de- 
parted this life and was l>urie<I in the ColL quire *. 

The same d.^y happened a fire in Hollywe! Oxon about 8 at night ; 
the 5, T.t at night at S(outh) Hincksy, and some time before that at 
Newnham, at Henley, and (some say) at Reading, 

"Apr. 7, Th., a fire hapned in Halywell in the suburb of Oxon, in 
the house next on the east side to tlial whidi I^lr. Alexander Fisher 
had lately built', Mr. John Laraphirc, the then owner of it, was 
visiting his patients in the countr}', and lost his books, many of his 
goods, and some money. 

•Apr. 9, S., A. \V. returned lo Oxon and brought with him a 
tertian ague, which held turn ten dayes, and in that time pluckd downc 
bis liody much. 

April 9, S., the day I came from my coz. Peltye's of Stok-Linc, a 
tertian ague lookc me; which held me 10 dayes. My apothecarye's 
bill came to iij' 6^: besides Icmmons, oranges, pniins, etc, came 

May.— 6, F., finiigw, inkc, stc, 6<£— 7, S^ more onngm, y.— 10, T.. to Mr. 



' oote io Woori MS. F 31 fol. 69. 

' note in WikkI MS. E 1 fol. iSl b. 

■ Wood MS. B 15 ad<Ia :— ' but wben 
imign were demotislicd accoidin|[ to 
Qaccii tliiabeth's act U migbt bave bin 
bid under giotuid.' 



* Cutch's Wood's Colleges aadB«Uc» 
p. 40a. 

* Wood bu noted (» « Utcr date] in 
tbc toAfgin : — ' \[r. Bca(JaJiiiu) Cooper 
now lii'cc ID it.' 



a? 8 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIAfES. 



Seale for Stuuiima's Apol.', y^. — 14, S^. to Davis for pamphletts, yi; the wtnc, »pmt 
with Mr. ^Arthur) Crew at ihc Flmr-dc-lii, 3^; to Mr. Robinson for » alitchc 
books, ■J1/.—16, M., to Mr. (Richard) Lower for the carriaf^ of 3 MSS., ur : to 
NicfaolU the inylor for my gawne, m 6</. — 31, S., for meadiog stucking», 6d.~i6t 
Tb., to Sam. Tocok for a boofce quitting my score *, is. — 31 , T., at Ellciet, M. 

UBy» — [4 of May, W^ lent the same boofce* to Mr. {Arthur) 
Crew of Magot's mill com. Wilts, etc. 

May J4, S., lent him 'Oxon.* ViiilaL' (MS.) and 'Character* of 
Engl.'] 

May 20, F.. I was at Dorchester and from thence to Warborow 
at one Adam Ilobbe his house about the Iciger-bookc ttiat formerly 
belonged to the Abby of Dorchester, 8(/. To Trist. Clement for my 
horse 

•May ao, F., at Dorchester and thence to Warborow to the house 
of Adam Hobbca a farmer, to desire leave to see a book in his hands, 
containing matters relating to the church of Dorchester'. lie denied 
bim the sight of it, but llobbes being acquainted with Thomas 
Rowney an attorney of Oxon, A. W, perswaded him to leave it in his 
hands for my use, which he did the next mercatc day tliat he came 
[o Oxon. 'Twas a book in 4to written in parchment, in the raigne 
I thinke of Qu. Elizabeth, and in it he saw the larg will of Richard 
Beauforesi, dat. 13 July 1554 and proved the 8 of June 1555, 
whereby he gives lite Abbey Church of Dorchester, which he bad 
bought of the king, to the towne of Dorchester. 

It was reported that Thomas Fuller, the great writer, died at 
London in Whitson wceke'. 

[May 39 ", Sd., 1659, obiit magister . . . Kent, socius Novi Collegil ; 
et ibidem in clauBtro sei^clitur.] 



' * SnsanDa's Apolof^y agaiDSl the 
cUcn; 1659 : Wood 888 tj). 

* BCO p. tjl, 

" i. c. Leland's ' Labourioot Jonxacy.* 
The entry i« oa the flyleaf iiftcr tliat 
given, iti/'ra p. 371. It i« followed by 
a tracing of n coat of arms, ('n talbot, 
with a chief in<lcnted.*diui^<l from ' a 
chief) wiihoDt indication of blazoning ; 
to which (he note is added 'titcw your 
. . .' Is this a sketch for Witod's own 
arms? Wootl's annR ' or, n uninl tnWe, 
a chief sable : cmt, n ta1l>ut's head i'oa- 
ing OHi f)f a crown rtaliaUlcd of ' on an 
Initial C arc |mstcd in Wuuft MS. II ij 
(O. C. S^}). 1[ was thu initial letter 



which w&a nscil a^inst him in the suit 
in the Ticc-ch-incelloj's court to piove 
his authnr&hij) nf the AtAenat. 

* Wood MS. D 14. 

^ Wood 583 (3I * Achaiacter of Eogi. 
land as it was lutely pmoilcd in n letter 
to a Doblemac of France,' LoaA. 1659, 
8vo [by Jolin iirclya]. 

* among the notes by Wood printeil 
by llcame in apfwrnliK xi.to voUii-of 
'Litier Niger Scaci:arii' it one which 
saj-s : — ' cue . . . ColdHc in L>on:heslcr 
keeps the ounticnC wrttiogs belongiMg to 
tliot church.* 

^ Whitsim day was on aa May. 

* note in Mb. l\awL D. eJim 1390. 



M/ty—y(/zv,ieBB. 



379 



[. . .' Evelin, otilie son of . . . Evelin of Su Giles parish (dcane 
of ... ID Ireland), died, T., 31 May 1659 ; and uas buried in the 
chappetl joyning oa the south side of S. Giles chanccll.j 

June. — The 5, So., a new «tiiff Bolt which cort mc out of the shop, ili. 14/ 6J; 
for ifac making or my suit, 6r. — 4 day, 8., for pimphlctti, irillie tame, given to Mr. 
Jackson 'i mta th« ftonc colter, 3</.— 7 ^ay, T., all Hllewa. 6c/ ; th« Mine, ipent at tlu 
Flcurdclis with Mr. (Arthnr) Crew and my brother Robert, u. — 10, F,, nnd ll, 
S., to Mr. Kobinion tad Mr. Davis for piamphlctts, 1/ gJ. — 14, T„ ipent at liwd- 
ing'* with Mr. (John) WainfoTil, Mr. Wbithall ', and Mr. Brodrick ', &c, 4//. — 1 7, 
F., to Mr. RobioBoa for pamphlctu, ia/.~i8, to Godwin and Bowman for pampb- 
Ictts, >s ^i.—i^, ¥., spent with Mr. (John) Curtcync, (Kic^ord) Ltnrer, wid 
(Timothy) None at mother Joaetes, is. — 25, S., for pdunphletts, lod. — 39, \V^ 
•pent with (? Christopher) Cowaid at Ilarjjcr's, S</, 

Jane.— 'June a, Th., a great meeting- of the Anabaptists att 
Abendon, in order to make a disturbance in the nation. 

June, 6 dajr, M., my cozen (Ayhvorth) Maior's wife departed 
this life and was buried at Preston near Buckingham, com. Bucks. 

Jn3r> — If P>. paid Forrest my qnarteritle, u 6J; (he ume, to him for my 
lurulht-r's book*, ttx/.—H, ¥.. given to see a play al Ihir R<x-buck, 4J. — 9, S., to 
Mr. Robinson for booket, ii 6./, — 11, M., spent with Mr. (Johii) CnrteyccMd Mr. 
'Drope, II, — 13, T., at! FItr««. 6t^. — 14, Th., paid Mr. Alport my scoie, .v 31/; at 
£arlc« with Mr. (John) Cmtcyn, lo/.— 15, h'., to Mr. Robinson lor pamphlctt»,6(/. 
— 16, S., spent with Mr. (John) Curtcyne at the wtddow Flexaey's and at the 
Taveme, it ^ti. — iS, M., at my brother Cristoper a-gossiping*, is id. — aj, S,, 
ipeni, (W.— 30. S., to Davii for a ptdore of tbe Benedictines*, is; the ume, 
ipent, 4rf. 

July. — [July 7, Th., a fast held at St. Marie's Oxon for raine. ^ 
But it was supposed that that fast with a more held at C. C Coll. 
and St. AJdate's by the presbiteiians was that God would prosper the 



• note b Wood MS. F4, p.97. Wood 

pvM tbe anns in colunn : — ' per pale or 

[and table two cherroaeU between 3 grif- 

Ifioa paitant coonlerdiangcd : crest, a 

>!*» bod erased parted p<T cbevroa 

or and snbic, horned sable, holding in 

the moDih a leaf vert.' The arms oiv 

tho«e of Evclcigh of co. I>evon, from 

> trbom wai descended John Kvclelgh of 

Btaj^halt, Oxfcird (sun of John Lvcldgb, 

principal of Hart Hall, 1599-1604} 

made dean of Rosa is IrcLud 19 Jan. 

1(64. 

« Robert Whitball ; Brodrick'i Mer- 
lon, p. 393. 

' ptubably John Bioderwickc, IcUow 



ofOiiel, M.A.9Mayi6te. 

* Edward Wood's SermoDi. 

* Mary Wood, ChrUtophe/s eldest 
child, was borne on 7 Jyoe 1659 in ber 
fiither's boose on the aonth side of the 
old Bochenrw, in S, Peter le Bailey 
parish. Her spouson were John LoQg< 
fold («c«r of Cumnor), Mary Wood 
(her lather's mother, from whom she 
look her name), and KAtherioc Kowney 
(her tnirfher's mother). 

* cittter ' Ait>or llencdiMina,' now im. 
XV in WmxI 37A B: tv Martin Ban' 
' Serin aomnturum FonlificDin onllnLs 
b. BcDcdicti.' now 00. > in Wood 376 A. 



a8o 



WOOlfS UFE AND TIMES. 



proccdings on foot in relation to a plott Oiat afterwards broke out 
Aug. tbe I, M., folloifting. 

The soldiers search for armes. See in tbe month of July in this 
ilmanack '.] 

{Jul}) 20, W., my mother's house was searched for armes by 
couple of soldiers. Some other houses likevise were searcht, and 
coUedge stables for horses. 

•July 20, W, ; his mother's house against Merton Coll. was 
searched for annes by a couple of soldiers. Some other houses 
were searched, and the stables of Colleges for horses. This was 
done to prevent a rising of the cavaliers here, and so the easier to 
suppress the rising of Sir George Booth and his partie in Cheshire 
and clswherc, on the first of August, which was the lime when they 
were to appeare. 

[July 24, Su., the' preaching of Mr. <Robert> South.] 

(July) 30, S., inmmicrosa muliitudo muscarum. 

(July) 31, being Sunday, a great stormc of wind insomuch that 
it blew 3 or 3 stones off of Cairfax tower Oxon on the leads. Which 
caused to be made a great outcry in the church. Some cryed 
*murdtr !' Some thought ilie d.'iy of judgment w.is at hand, for 
it hapncd that some taimpclts were sounding at tliat time in the 
towne. Some thought llie Anabaptists (see p. 279) and Quakers 
were come to cutt their throats. The minister (Mr. Phillips) he was 
ready to burst out with laughter to sec some hang swinging on 
the gallery a good while and then come quelshing downe on people's 
heads. [This' was ju^t before (Sir George) Booth's business*. 
That night (Edward) Massy escaped in a wood.J 

•July 31, Sunday, a terrible wind hapned in the afternoon, while 
all people were at divine service. Two or three stones, and some 
rough-cast stuff were blown frcrni off ilie tower of S. Martin alias 
Carfax : which falling on the leads of the church, a great alarm and 
out-cry was among tbe people in the church. Some cried ' murder 1 ' 
— ftod at that time a trumpet or trumpets sounding ncare the Cross- 
irac dote, to call the suldicrs together, because of tlic present plott. 
itiey xn the ihurch cried out that the day of judgment w;is at hand. 
Seat nid the anabaptists and quakers were come to cut their throats ; 



» •» ite ant note. The 
ite ^aut bTKlurU art cm a 



toii k.' «K 



;.ifal.i3i;ft 
„^fcj\ |«pcrs of 



the scxics ' Jniiex pro annia} 

* ihe word& in sqaaic brackets were 
ailiU-i] nl a Utet dat■^ 

* W<io«1 f03 cnntnint srvcnl paimph- 
Icts about Sir George booth's rising. 



JULY— SEPT, 1669. 



281 



while the preacher, Mr. Georg^ Philips, perceiving iheir errour, was 
ready lo burst with laughter in the pulpit, to »ec such a mistaken 
confusion, and several of the people that were in the galleries hanging 
at the bottom of them and falling on the heads of people crowding 
on the floor to get out of the dores. This was on the very day 
^before Sir Georg Booth and his parly were lo appearc In Cheshire*, 
'ol. Edward Massey at that time was lo appearc in Gioccstershire, 
but being taken, he was put behind a trooper, to cany him away 
to prison. And as they were going downe a hill in the evening 
of this stormy day, the horse fell, and gave the colonel an opportunity 
to shove [he trooper forward, and to make an escape into an adjoyn- 
iog wood. 

AusuflC— The I, M., to Robinson for punphletti, 51/. — 3, T., at EUeses, 6^; 
the tMne. spent «t mother Jones with Mr. (John) Curtcyn, dii. — 8, M., ipent witb 
Mr. (Zt^hanlsh) Crcu«t and John Banc-tt, ii 61/.— 9, T., speni at the Tarcme 
with Mr. O*^^) Curtcyne aiid Mr- Sedgwicke", lorf; the same, a(t EUcses, bd. — 
II, Th., for Ixwlci of Mr. (Thomai) Halloin. y 3d.—ti, S., spent 6./.— 16, T., at 
llevrs, (kf; the unie, speut at widdow Flexiiyc's vrittt Mr. ^Jabn) Curteyne, 
Knighiky ', (WtlLiam) l-'EcuK^, 6^. — 30, S., to Sbene forap«ire of gloves, tt. — 
aa, M., Kpent with Mr. (John) Curteyne and {Obadiah) Snigwiclcat the Mecimald 
TaTcm, &/. — 16, F., fot punphlects, lOt/; the some (day), ipent witb Mr. (John) 
Cnrtcyn^ (Obadiab) Sedgwick, at widduw Flexncy'n, ></■ — 17, S., for mont 
pamphlctts, 1/ bJ. 

Beptember. — 5, M., spent al Earles with Mr. (John) Caricyne and Mr. (Oba- 
diah) Sedgwick, SJ. — 6, T., to Foreit for stitching I3 volumes upon leather biod- 
ings, IS ; to his mta, 6J; nt Elleie*, 6J; the tame, sj<ent at the Crowoe Tavera with 
Mr. (John) Cartcyae, iirf.— 9, F., »peDt with Mr. (John) Cartcync at th< Crowne 
Tavern, li. — 13, M., for mending shoes, ft/; for a Raman coint to DacUl Porter, 
8(/.— 19, M., to Mrs. Burnham, W. — 36*,M,., spent, Rrf, — 39, spent at the Crown 
Tai'eroe with Mr. (Zcf)haaiab) Cresset, lOn/. — 30, F.. spent at the MUei with Mr. 
<Joha) Curteyoc and Mr. (Otwdiah) Sed^ck, u. 

September. — [I^achanc Bogan*, master of Arts and fellow of 
Corpus Xti Coll. mU.xon, died, Tb., i September 1659; and was buried 



' • Georg ' in both the Tanner and 
ihe Hnrl. MSS. is only in pencil. 

' at this point the Had. KA. reads 
(afterwards scored out) : — * bat their 
plot was dixoTcrcd : and col. Edward 
faucy, one of iheir prime leaden, 
' being taken and btiiried away behind a 
loldicr on honback late this Snoday 
night, leapt off htiin the horse's back in 
thedaik while (hey were [MLSiingtbroagh 
a wood, and mgide bis cacape.' 

» Otudiah Sedgwick, M. A. Trin. Coll. 
10 July 1656 ; probably nutated to 



Line. Coll. 

* Richatd Knightlcy, Fellow of Line. 
Coll. 10 Nor. 1654, M.A. Ji Jaac 1639. 
Keetor of Charweltuo Northaiits l66j, 
Prcbcudary of Durham 1G75. 

* inscriptions taken by Wood 00 36 
Sept. itt,^ at Bladoa near Woodstock 
and at Cassingtoa, sec in Wood HS. B 
If, and in Wood MS. E i p. S7. 

* note in Wood MS. F 4, p. 98, Wood 
gives in colours the arms: — 'sable a 
cockatrice displayed argent, crested 
membered and jallofied gales.' 



38a 



lyoOffS LIFE AND TiMES. 



in the cloister there ». He wa» the son of WUliam Bogan of Lktfc 
1 Icmpslon in com. Devon. Sec what I have said of him in * Hist el 
Aniiq. Univers. Oxon.' lib, a p. 143 col. i.j 

•In the beginning of ScpL the library of the Warned Sddcn* w3s 
brought into thai of Bodlcj*. A. W. laboured scrcral weeks wtlh 
Mr. Thuraas Barlow and others in ftoning them*, carryii^ thnB 
op stairs*, and placing them. In opening some of the books tbcy 
found several pair of spectacles which Mr. Scldcn had put in and 
forgotten to take out, and Mr. Tliomas Barlow gave A. W, a pair, 
which he kept in memorie of Seldcn to his last daj. 

[Humphrey Nevrton'of Northamptonshire (sec^' 56), bachelor 
of the Civill Law and fellow of Allsoules Coll., died, T., 6 Sept. anno 
1659; and u-as burie<l in the College chappelL There was a f: 
coat on his hearse* ^iz. that of Saunders * panie per chevron sable 
argent 3 elephants' heads erased counierchanged ' etc.] 

6 Sept., T.; obiil Mr. (Humphrey) Newton, sodns Omnium 
Animarum; el sepclitur in capella' ejusdem. 

The 1 1 Sept., Su., I hard thai Dr. Francis Che)TieU was dead. 

The 14 Sept., W., tlie bell rang out for Mr. (William) Ha 
President of Trin. Coll. Oxon. He died the day before and on the' 
Mmc (day) or else on the 12, Dr. (Seth) Ward was chosen in 
his place. 

*Sept 16, F.. one . . . Kinaston, a merchant of London, with ^^ 
long beard and hairc over-grown, was at the Milcr-Inn ; and faignii^^^ 
himself a Patriarch, and thai he came to Oxford for a model! of the 
last reformation, fiivers royallists repaired to him, and were blest by 
him, viz. John Ball, Gilbert Ironside, and Henry I,anglcy — all of 
Wadham ColL : Bernard Rawlins a glasier was also there, and crav'd 
bis blessing on his knees, which he obtained. John Harmar also, the 
Greek professor of tlie Univusity, appeared very formally, and made 
a Greek harangue before him. Whereupon some of the compan; 



moo y 

lium 

iwel9 
1 iheV 



) $«e Gntch's Wood's Colt, and HalU 
IJ.413. 

' ■ of great Sclden.' in the Hari. MS. 

■ »ec GDtcb'f Wood'i Hiit. UniT. 
Oxon. U. p. 943-944. See however 
Macray'i Anoals of the Bodleiao, pp. 
Iio-ijj. TlieScUlen books uuT placed 
in the w«st wiog of ilii: lit>rary, tiuitt in 
i6^-l6jS ovci the Convocation hoiue, 
known ■» ' the Selilci) end.' 

' «niui|;iii|; them (1) nccordmE lo 
Mihjcct Into iJte oEd divijioiu Divinity. 



Iaw, Physic, Alts; (x) ■c c ool bg to size, 
(ol., 4to.8vo. 

* the smaller sizes bdn^ placed to the 
gallery. 

* nole In WimkI MS. F 4, p. 97. 

' the VS. indicated by this symbol is 
now partly in Wood &LS. E 4 ood paiUy 
in Wood MS. E 5. 

* see Gutch's Wood's Colleges and 
Hulls (I. 303. 

* * fauiisj*,' in the Mar). MS. 





■ ^ 



/' ' • 



('!-— r^ 







'-• ft* s» ^ 






L/|V/^'i 



„ ,• -.A. . /«. V*.. .yV ♦--'^» <^*» *^^ -* ^^ "^ ^"^ . . . . ■' 



V 



i .. -.*-.^--',.'^*»^. *- •«■***>*■.^■*r^■a•— 



("^■//.'/;■/.■ 



PLATE V. 
Rosamond's Bower at Woodstock: see p. 283. 



Oxford U'lh'i-'iily /''CJi. 



^f',*'.,^^.';,^;^- "■'■■' ' ■■ 






>= 



SEPTE.VBF.R. 1669. 



383 



who knew the design to be waggish, fell a laughing and betra/d 
the matier. It was a piece of waggery to impose upon the royallists 
and such that bad a mind to be blest by a {utriarch Insk-ad of an 
archbishop or bishop ; and it made great sport for a time, and those 
that were bleat were ailiam'd of il, ihcy being more than I have before 
set downe. Mr. William Lloyd ^ then living in Wadham Coll. in the 
quality of a tutor to William' Backliouse of S\vallowfield in Ilerlcs, 
was Ihe author of this piece of waggery, as be himself used to make 
his braggs. And because the deanc of Ch. Church, Dr. <John) 
Owen, and some of the canons of tliat house and other Presbyterian 
doctors, rc(;orted to him, or he to ihcm, for to draw up and give 
bini a mottell, they were so much incensed, when they fojmd the 

itter a cheat, that Lloyd was forced to abscond for the present, 
or, as he used to say, run away. This Mr. Lloyd was afterwards 
successively bishop of S. A&aph, Lichfield and Coventry. Gcorg 
Wharton the astronomer did take notice of this matter in his almanack 
anno 1661, and calls the patriarch 'Jcrcmias,' but puis the raemoire 
under the XI of Sept. which is false. [.\. \V. * was ask'd to go ; but 
he would not.] 

16 Sept., F., some bl(esscd) by one . . . Kincston, a merch(ant) 
of London, a faign^ed) patri(arch) at the Miter. [Vide * Almanack. 
<John> Ikll, Bern<ard> Rowlins, <Gilbcrt> Ir<o>n.«!ide, <Henry> 
Langley, and (that made a speech tn the Greek) (John) Harmer. 
Mr. Kinaston was at the Mller; see Wharton's Alm(anack).] 

[September' a6, 1659; Bladon ncarc Woodstock. Tins is a very 
auncient church: Woodstock' is in the parish and is a chappcU of 
ease to it.] 

[Cassenton' alias Kersinion or Chcrsinion. At" the upper end 
of the body of the church ... is an anlient monument of freestone, 
about knee-high, the inscription gone and quite out of remembrance. 



' Willam Lloyd, Gurdlaa's Reg. 
Coll. Wnab-p. 3IJ. 

* * Will.' is io pencil oaly ; urti is in 
error. Jahn Hoclciiouie (son ofW illinm 
VnckhaiiK of Swallnwricld), t^vttincT'l 
Reg. Coll. Wodh. p. 314, 

' adctcdiutbelloil. MS. 

' thi' pnssngc in »<|uate bisckcU M a 
latrradiJiUon, 10 induiicct writing, and 
some nf the words are onccruio. 

* uotc in Wood MS. II tj. 

■ til WockI MS. R I ful fiq are 
WoiKl'f ntitcs uf onus in U'uutistoclc 



cfatircli. Od a slip tliere are Ihae 
jiiitinys: — (i) ■ Bfinfr la that of Wood- 
stock ia Twyne'a CoUecUoni roL IZ'; 
{t) ' Mr. Aiiliicw'»<i.e.jQhn Aabrcy'i) 
letter nbont Kosatnood'* bowci'j (3) 
'Chaucer's odd buosc by and wilbiu 
tbc gate aft job go down to ttic manor 
houKODtherij^t'; ^4^ '(the) potkc*; 
(5) * maonor houK pulled down 1651.' 

T note ia Wood MS. £ i, fol. 86. 

' thii Dote is probably of date ' ifi 
Scpl. ifijij.' when Wwi>d visitvd tlw; 
Cbiitch (Wood MS. a 15). 



284 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



Tbc country people will Icll you that it was for one, or ihrec, daughters 
that were anticntly co-heircs of thJa lordship. — This* monument was 
taken away by Francis Greenaway, an aUomey, a tenant to Sir 
Thomas Spencer for ihc parsonage house, about 1678; and in the 
room huilt a square seat of dcale wood : the said monument sta.nds 
now (1684) in the south porch.] 

•Sept. 29, Michaelmas day ; the eldea brother then living of A. W^ 
named Robert Wood, was married' to Mary Dropc*. daughter of 
Thomas Drope, bachelor of Dignity, [lately* rector of Ardley neare 
Bister in Oxfordshire and vicar of Comnore neare to Abendon in 
Berks.] It must now be knowne that when his father died, he did 
by his will leave all his estate, except that at Tetsworth, to the longest 
liver of his children ; and llicrefore Robert Wood being not in a 
capacity to settle a jo^-nlurc on his wife, having but the tliird part 
of the said estate which laid in Oxon (because 3 of his sons were now 
living) A. W. did therefore upon Robert's request resigne the interest 
he had in the said estate, as sumver or longest liver if it should 
80 happen; [and' this he did without any consideration given to 
him,] which no body else would have done. Afterwards' he did 
the like to liis brother Christopher U[x;ii his request. Which in after 
times did in a manner prove A. Wood's ruin, for he could hardly get 
his own share from the children of his brethren. 

Ootobor.— 8, S., lo tlie tiarVicT for hi^i (iiuuteridg, 41 6J \ tbc same, spent with 
Mr. Cbristopticr at the Salutation Ta vera, 6rf. — 10, M., 10 J-orcst, for my quartcridg, 
Ij &/; oioR^ ciwtug lo him, ij.-~i5,S., to Ricli for n {aire of shoes, 41; the uune, 
fgr a ptuBphlctl, ftd, — The 17 dif, M., 3 clli and a qaaitcrn at 8 groats an ell for 
A ihilt. Si 6d; spent at the Crows Tavcni with Mr. (John) Curtcync Bad Mr. 
(Richard) Lower, if 2</. — i8,T^at Kllescs aa<l spent, n; the Eamc for sweet 
powder. — l<),W., btgto Uto'; for a couplcof rabbctts forMr. Rogers, Ir. — ai,F., 
bought a shagg coate of Mt. Potter, lit. 5/. whcrof lo; is paid ; spent at Harper's 
with Mr. Oohc) Curteync, is ; ibe unie, wilL him at tlie Meieroud Ta«ni, W— 
u, ih, to KoluDaoii, for books*, u <W; tlie tame, spent at the Crowtie Tamne 



' tbii U a Uler note added in the 

* thft marruge touk place In South 
Hincktey church and was pcrfonned by 
John Longford, vicar of Cumoor— so 
MS. PMUipps 7018. 

' she was the only daogbtcr ; see the 
Drope pciiii,'rce. in/ra p. 3S5. She was 
bom b Cimmor ricarage on 8 March 
163I. Her Riottier wa« Anne Peacock, 
one of the (laughters of Ftaneis Pcaoock 
of Cbawley In Cnmnor parish. 

* the words in »^tuire brackets are 



inserted from the Harl. MS. 

'' for the words in itqaarc brsdcets the 
Harl. Ms. says simply, ' for nothing.' 

* the oralio tctl.^ iif the HiwI. MS. 
say»: — 'Aflerwarde my brother Cbristo- 
pbcr did Ihc like (i. e. pcraoaded tnc 
to letigD my contingent interest) and 
be gave me Dothlog.' 

* apparently a cipher ; perhaps ' be- 
gan to take tobacco.' 

' unc cf them was Wood 617 (3) 
'the Itiuntplis of Rome over ilespised 
protestnacic,' Ixmd. 1655 ; in whic 



386 



tVOOr/S UFE AND mrES. 



with Mr. (Z<-pbaniah) Crcset, \s. — 35, T., to NJcolK for making my coot and 
nmxling my clotbo, 2/.— aft, F., «peal with Mr. (John) Curt«ync aod Mr. 
(Rk-IuicI) Lower b| tlie Miscmiid Tsveni, lOt/; tbe lanie. with Uicm nt IlArd> 
ing's, \j 6(/.~a9, S., Tot p&naphlctu, u &£ — 31, M., to Pavis for paper »iid 
pictQK, xxxL 

October. — 'Oct. 14, M., A. W. began to peruse the Registers' 
or leigcr books of S. Fridcswide's Prior)', Osney and Kindham 
Abbe)^ which are kept in Ch. Church Trcasur)*. They' were token 
out thence by Mr. Ralph Button, canon of ttic said house, and 
reposed in his lodgings in the clo>-stcr there. To which lodgings 
A. W. did rccun dayly till he had satisfied himself willi them. It waa 
an exceeding pleasure to him. and he took very great delight to be 
poring on such books and collecting matters from them. 

[In* St. Fridswid's book I find ihai tliey had land at Gosford, 
3 mites distant from Oxon in the parish of Kidlmgton, some of which 
they Ictl or else sold to the Tempters K*" who had a chappell or 
oratory there with some lodgings. Amongst these Tcmplcrs who 



Wood note* : — ' Georgt Hill, bishop 
of Chester, the author ' and the dat£ of 
pttrchosc'Oa. 31, 1659.' 

' C*) ' Liber rcl r«sisinim magnuni 
chuUrtun. ntttalmmiloruin, etc.. Friom- 
tut S. Fridttwydae Own ' : a Iwyc folio 
written ia the rdgn of Richurd II : see 
G. W. Kiichin'i * CaUlogui Co-id. MSS. 
Apiw Cbrlsti ' where It U no. CCCXL. 
Woo<i'» excerpts from this MS. are 
foondin Wood MS. C a.pi>. »-7J: this 
Wood MS. U dated * Aulhoiiy Woode, 
Mettoo Cott., (X-t. 10. 1659.' 

(b) * Regittnim maniinciitoniin dc 
term (politsime in rare' Abbatiae 
OineycQgis ' ; a folio of date about 
IJ7$, given lo Ch. Ch. by Sir Robert 
Coltoii: Bc« Kitchin's 'Catalogus' ut 
rmpnt no. CCCVLIIL Some eUrtcU 
from this (made by Wood at a later 
date) are found In \\~iiod MS. D 16, p. 
■ 47. A few exccrpu are fonnd on a 
flylcafofWoodMS. Cj. 

ic) ' RcgUlnim charlanim et nrnni- 
mefilonini de cocnotilo Hinsham ' ; a 
fol rol, ; see Kilchin's ' Catnlogns ' ttt 
mpra 00. CCCXLl. Wood's excerptt 
from thii. made on 34 Oct. 1651), are 
found b Wood MS. D 11 (3) pp. i-ag ; 
alto a few in Wooii MS. C a p. 1. — In 
Ch. Ch. tteaiur)- ihcic ii anolhcr liin- 



sbam volome ' KrgiUrom coatiDUa la- 
qcixitioncs ct rentsl.a de terns ct lene- 
mcntis coenobio Einsham nlim per- 
liiientibus,' a folio vol, of date attout 
1444; sec Kitcbin's 'Catalogus* ut 
supra no. CCCXLIL Wood's exocipts 
{soxa this MS., made on 14 Asg. t'^>5, 
arc found in Wood MS. D f ■ (]) p. 30. 

' the Harl. MS. lays : — ' This lavuar 
of perosing ihein was done by Mr. Ralf 
Bntton, canon o[ Ch. Ch. ; and I s|<enl 
several dayc* in perusing ihcm in his 
lodgin{[S in the cloyiter of Ch. Cb.* 
Tlicre I* A nntc referring to ihii Kalpb 
IJatton amotig tbe notes by Wood 
which llcame printed at tbe end of 
■ Lilict Niger Scaccaril.' It is :— ' That 
building thai is in Mr. BnUon'i ordiard 
wa» Peter Martyr's cKamber and study, 
— which belonged to the senior siadetit ; 
bat when be was made a cannoo, it fell 
to hi& loti to hare those lodgings that 
Mr. Iluitun hath now, see that tbe said 
chaml^cr goe'.h at<jng with the said 
lodgings,' In Wood E 1$. catalogue 
00. 17 is E«Iwanl Millingtcn's anctioa 
Caialogoc of Ka1)>li Kultoii's arul 
Thankful (or Gntiao) Owens books, 
with tbe DOte 'ex dono Moses Pit, 
hihlioiKjlac, Th., 30 Oct. 1681.' 

' note from Wood MS. C s. 



OCT.— NOV, 1669. 



387 



lived here I suppose that one of ihe Poylcs of Hampton -Poylc (a mile 
disianl from this place) was one. He lyes buried in Hampton Poyle 
church, crosse- legged, with ibc Poylc's arracs over it, 2s it was soc 
scene anno 1659.] 

"Oct. In this month Jamea Quia, M.A. and one of the senior 
sludenls of Ch. Church, a Middlesex man borne, but son of Waller 
Quin of Dublin, died in a crazed condition in his bcdraakcr's bouse 
in Pcnyfarthing street, and was buried in the catlicdnil of Ch. Ch. 
A. W. had some acquaintance with him, and hath iicvcral times heard 
him sing w-iih great admiration. His voice waa a bass, and Ite had a 
great command of it. Twas very strong and exceeding trouling, but 
he wanted skill and could scarce sing in consort. He had been 
lum'd out of his smdeni's place by the Visitors ; but being well 
acquainted widi some great men of tliose limes that loved musick, 
ihey introduced him into die company of Oliver Cromwel llic pro- 
tector, who loved a good voice and inslrumcntall musick well. He 
heard him sing with very great delight, hquor'd him with sack, and 
in conclusion said : * Mr Quin you have done ver}- well, what shall 
I doe for you ? ' To which Quin made answer with great comple- 
ments, of which he had command with a great grace, that ' his ' 
Highness would be pleased to restore him to his Students place ; ' 
which he did accordingly, and so kept it to his tlyinj? day. 

In tliis month died James Quinn ^ M.A., Student of Ch. Ch., in a 
crazed condition in the house of his laundress or bcdmakcr in Peni- 
fertbing Street or St. Ebbs parish. The best base voice in England, 
but wanted skill. Sung before the Protector, liquored by him with 
sack, restored to his Sludcni's place at his desire. 

KovAmbflr.— I, T., at Ellcscs, ^.—4, F., for pampbletts, i*; [4*, F,, lod 
II, F., yfo:c»t oweth mc a oews books.] — 5, S., foi paniphlcttn, u.— 8, T., for 
pamphlctCs'N/. — II, r., for »fcoc»,4j; to (he shoemaker's bvK, 61/; for j'smphletts, 
3J .V; [owing' to Mr. Daries, u id \\.t. iM tot Slabbs' 'Queries* and Sd for 
HuUkhitiscs Anliq.').]^i3, 8, for iDca<)iDg my sliK'kings, fv/; for a pooDcI of 
candellit, &/.— 15, T., for pampblctU, loc/. — 16, W., ^pcnt at the Miter wHh Mr. 
{John) Corteync, 6rf. — il*. K, pamplilctts, 6d. — 19, S, for dyiiig of my gownc, 
3s; fur mcniling my Rowne, 6)/. — 33, W.. for a puopblctt, S</. — 2(i, S., ipent at 
tbe Miter with Mr. (Jobn) Ciutejtu; aiid Mr. (Olmdiab) Sedgwick, S^; the lune. 



> 'IiU'ia (he llarl. MS.; 'yonr/ia 
the I'anncr MS. 

■ Kc Gotch'sWood'i Coll. aad Halls 
p. 511. 

' the postages In tquore bracket} an 
fruro a (ly-lcnf al Uic end uf ibc Al- 



manack. 

* Huttichiu 'Collectanea Aiit((]aita* 
ttiin ... in agro Moguotino,' Mugunt. 
1530 foL ; not DOW Id Uic Wood Col- 
Icdioa. 



for MontrtMtes' hUlory. tt yi. — a^, T., iax mj ttoddagi, td\ paid Mrs BurnhuB 
a tcoie, 5^; punpbletu, ■yi. 

November. — ^' A true • narrative of the proceedings in Parliament 
from 33 Sept.' to i6 Nov. 1659.) 

(3 Nov.. Th^ Peter Nicolls, subwarden of Merton College, signed 
ihc permission for Wood to peruse 'the antieni registers' of the 
College, which is found in MS. Tanner 338.) 

a6 November, S.. Mr. ^Henry) St^ubs) had iike to have been 
sh<ot> in Mr. Sp<rigBs'> ch<amber> of L<incoln) C<olIcge>. The 
b(ultet) flew in his hai(r). 

[Mr. * Stubs sitting in Mr.* Sprigs' chamber " at \.yn<:. Coll., a 
bullet came from the Miter backside and came through his hair.] 

*Nov. 26. His acquaintance Henrj' Siubbe of Ch. Church sitting 
in the upper chamber of his friend (VV'illiam Sprigg, fellow of Line 
Coll.) opposite the back-gale of the Miter Inn, a soldier standing 
there and discharging his gun, the bullet came thro' Stubbe's haire 
and miss'd him narrowly. 

Dooemb«r. — [a*. F^ Yctva. owes me a new» boofccl — 3 day, S , pamphlcus, 
1/ ^i spent at Woodc"* Ttvcmc vrith Mr. O**'"') Curteyiic, 8rf, — 5, M-, spent 
with Mr. ( Joha) Cuitejuc tX Mr. Jeueses, 6rf.— 8, Th., «pent at Flcion's with Mr. 
(John) Cnrttyne, 4*/. — 9, F., pamphletl*, 7*/.— 10, S.. for the 'AnwcT' lo the 
M«lrst Plea,' 4</.— 16, F., punphleas, 1/ 31/.— 17, S., ipeni at Flexoey's with Mr. 
(John) Cartrync, &■/.— ao, T., al EUesw, 6rf— 31, W., spent at Hcdtiington with 
Mr. (OI)«diah) Scdp;vrfcke, n/.— 33, Th., for faj>gotts and coles, y \d; the tame to 
S^amocl) Pocoke for a hooV of love*, 9</; spent with Mr. {Jnhii) Ciirtcync and 
Mr. (John) Robintoa at widow Flcxncys, 4i/.— 33, F., for parophlcU», 7^.-34, S,, 
to Godwio for books, u ; the same, lo the buller fur luttles, is 3d ; to my barber, 
45; the same, for panphletts, 5^. — 30, F., for ft«it-oayling my horse at Mr. (Ed- 
mund) Crcgoiyc's of Coxham, 4^; to Forest for my quartericlge, 2J £(/, being the 



' Wood 17a ; 'The oomplcat history 
of the wnrrs in Scotlmul ondcr the con- 
duct of the illustriooa Jama (Graham) 
man|ueu of Montrose,' 1660, Svo. 

■ IxnHl. 1659; Wood 519(11). 

' the pnragmph la square brackets, 
ginng the names va fall was added at a 
later date. 

* William Sprigi;, fellow of Line 
Coll. a8 Dee. 165J — 16 Aor. i65o. 

* the room which now looks bya buw- 
window into the garden, the windows 
which looked across the street into tbe 
Mitre j-ard being blocked. 

* this entry i« on a fly-Leaf at the end 
of the Almanac. 

* Wood 6a6 (14) is ' A Modest Flea 



for an equal commonwealth,' Load. 
1659, wbich Wood notes to be by 
William SpiiQ; M.A. of Line CoIL 
'first published in Aug. 1659; there 
came out another edition in 8* abont 
Christmas ifi^Q.' Wood 6a4 (ig) is 
'The Modest Reply in answer to the 
modest pica,' Load. 1639. See in/ra 
p. 395. 

* one of the three books now boond 
Icigethct in Wood 741. ' A treatise of 
love melnncboly,' Oxon. 1640 (Wood 
741 no. i) ; ' Kuptial Txive,' Lond. 1638 
(Wood 741 no. 3) : or William Green- 
wood's ' Description of the passioa of 
love/ Load, \f>^^ i.Wood 741 no- 3}. 



NOK — DEC. 1669. 289 

*-'lidi^iih>t I ihall pay him ; tbe sudc for pumphlctts, it i lA— 31, S^ for the Klitg'* 
trbn ', 9^ ; the ume to monniir, for a new bridle, given, u, 

December. — 'Dec. In ihc lalier end of this month, being Chrisl- 
maa-timc, A. W. was at Cuxham in ttic house of Edmund Gregory. 
^[r. William Bull, Henr)' Hawley, &c. verc there also. 



[There ' was Bomttme an auntient custome belonging to New 
College fellows : viz,, on Holy Thursday ever)* year some of (he 
fellows of New College (with some of their acquaintance with ihcm) 
did goc to Sl Barlbolmcw's Hospital! and there in the cha[^) sing 
an anthem of 2 or 5 parts. After that, every one of them would olTer 
up money in a bason, being sett for that parpose in tlw: middle of the 
chapelL After that, have some refreshment in tlie house. Then, 
going up to a well or spring in the grove, which strewd with flowers 
round about for them, they sung a song of 5 parts, lately one of Mr. 
Wilbye's* principium 'Hard by a cristall fountaine.' And after that 
come home by Cheyney Lane ' and Hedington Hill, singing catches. 



' Wood 364 conlains several pamph- 
leti rIwdI tl>r trial niiil dcaCli of Ctiarles 
1 ; Ihc [>tecc bac sj>ccificil may i«rhapa 
be Wogd 609 ,6) ' Number 1. A con- 
tinuation of th« tuurativc of the High 
Court of Juilice cunccmiAg the Vya\ of 
the King, ti^ Joo.,' I^ond. 164S (i.e. |), 
&loii^ Vfith Wood 60J (7) * Number 3 ' 
of iheuime, ' 19 J«n.,' I.und. 1648(1.6. 
1). In Woo«I 401 fol. 145 b is 0. 
bklUd entitled ' The mkoncr of the 
king's trial at Wc»tmin«cr Hall, . . . 
alio the true nuumer of ht^ being put to 
death ' . . . , beginning ' King Charles 
w»» otKe a prince of ■ gnat state.' 

• note by Wood beloaglng to ifisg, 
printed by llcame at the cad of ' Liber 
Nit>er ScaccariL' 

' lee Clark'* Wood's City of Oxford 
ii, 514, wh«Tc Wood my% 'song an 
Oriana ot else one of Mr. Jiihn Wilbjrc'i 
■oDg&,* etc. The rrfetence is inciact. 
The maiic referred to i> the volume 
etintled 'MadrigaJei: the Trinmpbcsof 
Oriana ... for 5 and tX\ vokcs . . . pub* 
lukhed \>y Tlionus Morley, Bac. Moi.' 
IamuI. 1601 : a copy is in Uodle}' (Ma* 
l»nc 974)- No, XV in tlie ruluioc is 
John Wilbyc'a 'The lady Oriana"; 



but the Mng [for ttx voice*) cited by 

Wood is by Thomas Muiley. 
Hard by it cniilal foDiitatnc 
Oriana tlie bright Lay downc a deep- 

ing. 
The birds Ihcy finely chcrped. 
The birds tbey finely cbcrpcd, 
'Hie winds were stilled, 
Sweetly with thete accenting 
The aire was filled. 
This is that fairc whose head a 

Cf ownc itesenx'th 
Wbith heaven foe her mciveth. 

Leave, Uicphcrds,yoar lambs Icccpcing 

Upon the banen moontnines 

And Mymphs {tW} aucnd 00 her and 

leave yoor bowies 
For she the ihephcrds' life luaJntainea 

and yoaics. 
Tlicn sang thv shepherda and nimphs, 

nimpbs of Uiona 
\joag live faire Oriana, Long live £tirc 

Oriana. 

* 'Cheyney Une' is found In some 
map* applied lo the li^A which braucbu 
a(I Ihc Hcndiugton road aud gOM along 
the north of lleadiagton HiU South 
Park. 



a^o 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



The choristers and singing-men of New College did, i, in the 
mnrning about s or 3 (o')c!o<.k in the morning sing^ an anthem on 
the lower; and then, from thence to St. Barthclmcw's.] 

[1659': The Recall SocJetie at Oxon. and of Chemistry, Tlicy 
did in Clerk's house, an apothecary in SL Marie's parish, exercise 
themselves in some chimicall extracts, which were carried on and 
much impro\*ed before the king's rcstauratton, in so much that several] 
schohrs had privat elaboralories and did perfonne those things which 
the memory of man couJd not reach. But the one man that did 
publicklf teach it to the scholars was one Peter Sihael, borne at Stras* 
burgh in Royal! Prussia, brought to Oxon by that eminent scholar 
Mr, Robert Boyle a sojourner in the University anno 1659. and by 
him sctlcd in the same house wherin he lived viz. in that house 
(owned then by an apothecar>') next on the west side of University 
Coll- somiimcs knownc by the name of Deep hall. Where continuing 
an year or two and taking to him disciples in that time, translated 
himself 10 a tenement neare it, and then to an aniient hall called Ram 
Inn. in AUsaints parish, in the old refectory of which he trecltd his 
elalioratoric and taught sevcrall classes. Among such that he taught 
llifll came to Iw knownc afterwards to the worid were Mr. Joseph 
Williamson of Queen's Coll. (afterwards Secretary of State), Mr, 
William Levinz of S. John's. Dr. John Wallis (Geometry Professor), 
Mr. Christopher Wren of Allsouls (afterwards Astronomy ProfLSsor), 
Mr. Nathaniel Crew of Lyncoln Coll. (afterwards bishop of Durham), 
Dr. Ralph Batliurst (now dcane of Wells), Dr. Richard l,ower, Francis 
Tomer of New Coll. (now head of St. John's College in Cambridge). 
Mr. Stacl for want of disciples went to other places about the year 
1665; returned againe 1670; and t.irriing there an yearc more, was 
caHed away to be the operator belonging to the Royall Society ; with 
«tioiB he lived till about 1675. and then died.] 

^ITw following note, from Wood MS. E 32, p. %%, seems to indicate 
^M tttts were kept on in church *. 

• TW g«tlcinen commoners of the University of Oxon petitioned to 
a^viril tbdr ops on their heads as the Masters and Uacht-Iaurs did 
^^vlftcUly fiv this reason that many of the Bachelaurs were their 



k ■ iKp it p- 1 1 1 1 in Wood 
TW (tip U a pinx of on 

»i4fc Ih* •«Wn«:— 'for Mr. 
.•i. kdglBK ovet Bcminst 

... ^MtftaiiC«llci)ecOxoD, 
llill wM'A into ^>' accotint 

M^ Wwa) h** > note wbkb 



•cemi to belong brre, to the Kojnl 
Socirty; — ' Englbh toogac rcfin*Mi by 
them : vide (Thomas) SprM'i I/istt*y 
eftke Kigali Sofiety [Loud. 1667, 410J 
p. 4'-' 

' the time was pouibly Curiae the 
ruitftQ dooiinatiofl : mv note 1 p. ^00. 



DECEAfJJE/f, 1669. 



291 



servitors but the other day. This as it seemes being dcnycd, were 
these verses made : 

" Rather than wce'l be nude 
Socb bLivcs to this trade 

And SEScr lucb abuse* 
Wcc'l go to AlthaHowcs 
And tlie church by the pillowes 
To bcarc doctrines and OKs." 

The chorcii by the gallowea is Halywell, for that the gallowes of that 
parish stood where the corner house by the lower or lurrt-t in Magd. 
Coll. wall now standeth.' 

The threat seems to be to leave S. Mar)'s and go to other churches 
where the University Sermon **as not preached. One of the old 
orders requiring undergraduates lo be uncovered in presence of on 
M,A. is found in Clark's Reg. Univ. Oxon. IL i. 167.) 

(^Notes^ on (he aj^atrs of the University under the Puritan 
dominatiun, 1648-1660.) 

Of the endeavours used to pull down Academies. Thus far, reader, 
with great paines and industry have I brought my History, the which 
lo draw it lower I think not convenient : yet, however, a breif of the 
chcif mcmoniblcs wliich follow you may sec in my 'Fasti Oxonicnseii.' 
Now for a conclusion I shall wake bold lo shew unto you in what 
csteemc the Universitie stood in the late broken times, viz. from the 
year 164B to 1660, and then a character of the members thereof in 
gcnerall of that time '. 

The Universitie then having bin highly honoured by, and famed 
through, all parts of the learned woild In this and foregoing ages (as 



* tbcie note* ue on atrsy sheets and 
fcrapa of paper, m which SVood made 
jottiog;! for bis hiator]r of the Univenity. 
The chief of them were perhaps at one 
linK- iiiMTted looarty in Wood MS. F r. 
Tbc-y were foocd in Mr. Cnu's Hody in 
tbc IkKllciaii, having txtm collected as 
tbcy fell out uf tlie MSS. into which 
tJ)cy bad I«tn laid ; ami in 1H83 were 
bound u|> in a volume: enlittvd ' Wuod 
I'apers (Oxford Hiitorj-. etc.)' which is 
now Wooa MS. F 31, the MS. which 
originally bore that rnafk ha>'ing bveo 
loat 

■ an altemmire cote fyivei a more 
detailed slntntieiit iif hLi [ilan, whicb is 
to give an account of;— '^I) the en- 
dcavuBrs tnode lt> destroy the Uot- 



vervlties In the Jotervall ; (a) the en- 
deavoun uae<l to prcwfvc thcnt, by 
cajotiling the officen of the anny, by 
complying with the cbcif lastnunents 
that did endeavoor, and cs(j«ciaUy in 
choo&ing Oliver protector, coonlng tbrm 
Willi epiulm, writing in the defeoce of 
the UnivetMlies and of learning and 
Icamnl men ; (,i) a character in generall 
of ihf Univmiiie and memben thcraf 
is the late times.' 'lliit third bead b 
more folly stated in another note : — * of 
those that had kept in, whether of the 
old stock or those that bad l>een entred 
into the UniwrMty in the intrr>-aU nnd 
had been initiated in the ficst^ytcnaa 
and lodtrpmtlent discipline.* 



U > 



292 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



mxy be Rcen ui this work), began in these lale Limes to suffer the 
same censures by our countrjincn, as it (and Cambridge) did in those 
unhappy and unsettled dajes of King Edward V'l, then which nothing 
could be imagined more, unless it were the fate tJiai befell tlic nur- 
series of France, Germany, and other places after the rise and preach- 
ing of Luther, Calvin, etc., as in the ' oration ' of Peter Frarin ' of 
Antwerp 'against the unlawfull insurrections of the Protestants of his 
time under pretence of reformation of religion ' may appeare. 

'Tis well knowne that the Universities of this land have had their 
beginnings and continuances to noc other end but to propagate 
religion and good manners and supply the nation with persons chcifly 
prore:>sing the three famous faculties of Divinity. Law, and Phi:»ick. 
But in these late times when the dregs of people grew wiser then their 
teachers, and pretended to have received revelations, visions', inspira- 
tions, and I know not what, and, therefore, above ^ all religion ordinarily 
profest, notlung could sattsBe their insatiable desires but aiming at an 
utter subwrsion of them *, church, and schooles, or those places that 
they thought might put a curb to their proceedings. Intell^geni men 
knew and saw verte well that it was their intent to rout op all and to 
ruine those tilings that smelt of an Academy, never rejoycing more then 
when they could trample on the gowne and bring humane learning 
and arts into disgrace. This I may vcric boldlic say and none can 
denye it that these domestick confusions among ourselves aliout 
matters of religion, and insurrections of sediuous subjects thai have 
and doe pretend to reformation, hath bin the only reason why these 
nurseries must first fcclc the smart of their iraplacasy *. supposing 
thereby that unless they were subverted nothing of llicir designes as to 
tlie settlement of their opinions can take place *. 



* in another draft Wood gives: — 'the 
oatkn of Peter Fraryn, edit. Antwerp 
Ijitf ': Sra, innilalcil from the Latin by 
|dtaF«iCT.Wood8oo(3,. 

■ Wood 446 coolaini icwrBl i»r- 
irtmKOJMck'Vttkriu.' 

■ « ««4 nffaxotly coined from 

^4in«,C0t>>ts cfTect. Iwgins 

«c tm v^^ ttVe QD notice 

^^^ k ■» titxatA. wm a 

^g^ ^tftnonlmary in- 



moo was leproftched with "hamsne 
leunlng," ihnc being no advjintacc, u 
they thoiif:ht, to a divine. And this 
way they used to make Iraraing ■>ftvm 
nnncceMRTy and odious to tbc vuljj&r, 
tbiit Ml, with more plansiblnxrss, they 
might alienate their (i.e. University and 
College) lands. For nothing cite could 
he their iiitentiona to chciiish np i^ 
norancc by lufTerlng and cncotmging 
pnLftRMticks, vrhu had never seen a 
Cnllcf^, sacnlegiouily to abuse polpits; 
|)y which intimaltn}; to the people that 
a cobler*! or taylor's stall wa» aj ^ood 
a norsery for a ilivine as Hthcr Unl- 
vcrtiiie. And to makethiamorcfeblljle. 



DECEMBER, 1669. 



^93 



Some ' ihere were also that made it their common practice to preach 
against lliem, stilini^ ilicm 'llic nurseries of wickedness, the nests of 
mutton tuggers, tlic dens of fonnall droancs' ; ever ami anon stiling 
the Colledges and Halls 'cages' of uncleanc birds' ; and such like. 
Nay, there were not wanting some also that said the like expressions, 
or to ihal purpos, publickly from the pulpit even in the Universities 
themselves"; as particularly did V'atvasor Powell* in this (Uniwrsily. 
on) July 15, 1657, at what time be preached (not without some 
rcpulbe) at All lialiowcs church before a great multitude of schokirs 
and kycs, for then after he had sufBciently rayled against the Uni- 
versities, wxs Boc impudent as to particularise certaine persons in them, 
aa namely, among the rest, Mr. Henr)- Hickman of Magdalen Coll. 
telUng [he auditory (that the ' Pope would provide him a mitre and 
llje Devil a frying-pan.') 

And as it was a common matter to dcclaimc against Universities in 
piiblicke, soe was it also in the private meclings and conventicles of 
tAnabaptists, Quakers, and such Ukc unstable people, challenging also 
'tomtimcs the gowne it self to oppose what they did and said, and this 
ever' in the Universities themselves, they being backed by force of 
'amies or else some authority '. 



\% iMod of itlDennts were appointed in 
Walei— ondcT the condoct of Vavasor 

[ Powell (Ibis It in his life which I have 

I In my o*ber study), " one " if rtjjort* be 
tnie v*e«"The History of the wicked 
Plots and Conspiracies of Ihe Pre^by- 
tertvia" (by Henry Kuulis, l.(indun, 

>s6tii) lib. I cap. 4) "more fii tu rub 
borte hcdcB than enter a pulpit " — wlierc 
ihey turned ott the scttcd ministry and 
lockd up the chorcti dorei, that a 
lermon was as race there as they were 
loo cORitnoo in kngland. "It was 
■DOthcr nuui'i concordance and (heir 
owne inipadencc that were their cheif 
Interpreters of Scriplnfts : the J'athen 
and other ComnuJitattfra licing held too 
mnch po]>iih and knowing, 10 liavc any 
credit aniiingaachenlightiie4l brethren ".' 
Wood 300 is * Ttic life and death of 
Mr. Vara*or Powell,' 1671 j in ifais 
Wood ha* noted (a) 'if not of Je«. Coll., 
then bring bim into Jcs. Coll.' in the 
Athena* ; {b) 'A. Wood, ij ^ br>iind.* 
WootI 476 (10) it a pamphlet directed 
agmbst Vavasor Towell ' MtmtriHS 
Cambro ■ Bntaiuututf ot News from 



WalcB,' t>ood. 1C53. Wood 476 (11] 
if lAlcxandcf Griftith'i] 'Strttta Vava- 
sffritmu, A Ncw-year^t gift fot the 
Welsh Itinerants, or a hue and cry 
after Mr. Vavaior I*owcll,' Loiid. 165). 

' in the draft in Wnoil MS. F 31, 
fol. 8, it run» . — ' Hue all lhc«c/no .inil 
cffMS of whUb I ba\x not rcpcatcO lialQ 
bcinj> not SiulTtcicnt, cuiitinuoui clamuun 
were still bad against our l;aiver3ttiei 
and the learning ptofctt in them. They 
made it their common use to stile them,' 
aiwl then as printed in (iutch's Wood's 
Hist Univ. Oxon. ii. 680, d'^t. 

' alluding to Kerelailon n-iii. 3. 

* "vide preface to llcory Foulia's 
" I'lou and Conspiracies " ; vide Henry 
Tbunnaii*(intheW/Af/f«u):Wood'snotc. 

' ' Ylde " Ijfe of Vavaior Powell" 
(Woo<1 500). Bailed in Uie laoattck 
churchyard' : — marginal note in Wood 
MS. t'sLfoI. 8b. 

^ ' commonly ' in the other drift. 

' another draft of this, which has 
supplied a few verbal correctioni in tlw 
test, found In Wood MS. F 31, fol. 7 b, 
adds bctc :->' I'his I have iceo and 



294 



IVOOiys UFE AND TIMES, 



(Altempls* were made to) annoll the Universities 1653-1659. 
The priviledges of the Univcrsiiie assailed, vide preface to ' True 
RctwII.' (A motion) that all CoUcdges in Oxon nnd Camhridgc 
be depriwd of their lands and revenewes ; see Henrj- Foules* ' History 
of . .. Presbytery ' cap. 4 pp. 27. 28, etc. 

Furthermore also some there were thai endeavoured in Ibcir 
writings to make a reformation of the Universities not as to manners, 
but discipline ; not as 10 a settlement and well- ordering of their lands, 
but to the taking them awaj* ' to the end that droanes might not 
be nursed up'; not to the increasing or augmenting* of sevc 
nurseries in the Universities, but to the decreasing, by joyning sever 
into one. 

And such as these' (written much about the time that the Uni- 
versities were at stake) were: — (i) John Webster, a chaplain in ihaj 
Parliamentary army, somtimes a Cambridge student, in his booki 
intituled * Academiarum * Examen' printed at London in 4to, 1654; 
wherein though he hath pro[iosed divers cxpedienli (as he is pleased 
10 stile them) for the reforming of schooles and the perft-cUng and 
promoting of all kind of science, yet he was verie well knowne to 
one who endeavourcii to knock downe learning and the ministry both 
logeather, sufficienUy demonstrated by his and (William) Krl>erye's* 
diiipuiatton against two ministers in a cliurcb in Lombard Street, 
London (October la, 1653) and at other times in other places. But 
least this knight-errani * should prove unanswered in what he had 
delivered, Dr. Selh Ward, one of the Savilian professors, did for the 
honor of learning and Universities write some animadversions on his 
book' whicli arc intituled * Vindiciac Academiarum* (by U. D.) 



hrttxl, when the Analxipliits pablicVly 
baptised people .ii Hiph (i. c. Hyihe) 
nri<I^c \ aiitl tome- 1 bavc seen b>ipluc(l 
\if ODC . , . King, n glovrr of Oxoo, 
hcbdd by hondrcda of people, that 
would shout at it uid nuke it ridica- 
Umu.' 

' ia the other (Irafl is Wood MS. 
F 3t, fol. 7 : — ' jVnd ihm was Ic&niiii^ 
fiiit of all upciily trod dimnc, and then 
t)ie jtotliaiucnl paued thin vutc . . . nnno 
165,1 [tikis is said in Ihul ycary ihiU ali 
CoiUget in Oxjarti antt Cami'fidj^t l>e 
ilrprivft/ cf Har lamts and revcnttvt 
ami that lAe nAolars 0/ tktm htcomc 
f^Mtienert.' I't^iiioucrv. i-ccomniciiicm, 
WltbuuL CuUcEc ciuuluiiivlil^ 1*01 llu: 



l6j;g ttttempt see Gnteb's Wood's llu 
Univ. Oxon. it. Oyg. 

' ' augment in;; of the scTerall 
therin,' in the other draft. 

* * sod) doughty cbnmpioni as the 
were' in the other dmft. An carik 
book of the tan i* Wood 515 (10) 'A»' 
It amble motion to ]'arllani«ni conorrning 
Ui£ odriuiccnienl of learning and the 
refonoation of the Unin-riitics by J. JL' 
[Lc. Jolin Hal] uf Dttrham], Lund., 
1649. 

* W'<.odIla4(8). 

* ' Erboric'* ' in the other draft 

* ' cbajilaiu-errunt,' iu the uthi: 
draft 

"> Wood D34<io). 



DECEMBER^ 1669. 295 

printed at Oxford In 4to, 1654, whcrin may be discovered the frcnzie 
and weakness of Wchstcr. 

2. William Dell, of the said Universirie of Cambridge also, who in 
a book ' that he entitles ' The Tr)'all of Spirits ' (printed at London, 

11653. ill 4lo) declares lliai ' tlic Universities', etc./ see in the title of 
I tiic book which I liavc. Whidi book also \ togcalhcr with wliai Mr. 
Thomas Hobbs hatb said concerning UnivcrsUies in his * Leviathan '\ 
were answered by Dr. Seth Ward at the latter end of his ' Vindiciae 
Academiamm.' 

3. Henry Stubbe, Student of Ch. Ch., in a book intituled 'A light 
shining out uf darkness' (printed at London in 410 twice anno 1659), 
wherin arc scveraJl queries against the mini&try and against the Uni* 
versilies* and customes or manners thereof. Answered by H. F.' 
(quaere), but never published. 

4. William Spriggc, fellow ofLyncolne College, in a book' intituled 
'A modest plea for an cquall commonwealth' (printed at London, 
first in 4to, then tn 8vo, anno 1659), \vherin is a chapter for regulating 
the Universities. Weakly answered by a certainc niliiistcr in a little 
pamphlet* intituled ' A modest reply in answer to the modest plea for, 
etc/ 4to, London, 1639- Vide preface to Foulls's ' Plots and Con- 
spiracies '; vide ibid. p. 28. 

g. Anon*: 'Sundry tilings from sevcrall hands [concerning the 
University of Oxford,' Lond. 1659.} 

[6. Matthew Poole's *A Model for the maintaining students of 
choice abihties at the University' 1658 — Wood 515 (no. 19). Another 
copy is Wood B 37 (i).] 

Robert Borcman'", writ for Univcreilies " ; Edward Waierhouse 



' Wood B 34 (a). 

^ KC the r|CoCation completed ia 
Cratch's Wood's iiisL Univ. Oxon. ii. 

657, 658. 

• the other drift add»:— 'Mr, (John) 
Home, a fjortr of all Uolvc^nitic learn- 
ing ; antwered tiy {Gcorf^) KoKiall ; 
viile " Notes from Mr.Wilmot's books " 
that were Dr. {Thuituu) Lodcyc's.' 
J ohn Hornc's 9iir* Ar(ary>' Jr^ : tbc o\va 
door for isui's approach to God,' Lond, 
16^, 4to. George KccdaU'i 'Soncti 
saticiiL : m bIm an appendix In aniwer 
to Muter Home,* Lood. |C>54, foL 
S«« (lUtcli 3 Wood's Hist. Uoiv, Oiloo. 
li.6j£. 

* Load. i6$i, folio. 



' noaiEinal note in Wood MS. F 31, 
fol. 8b:— 'For tMt Dr. Iildward Rey- 
nolds wticn he became dean of Cb Cb. 
tbc Kcoud timo turned him out of hU 
Student*! place aiid got litm out from 
tbc Ubrayry.' 

• poiuibly Henry Foulb. 

' Wood6j6(r4). 

' Wood 6a6 (15) ; sec p. 388 supra, 

' in Wood's copy (Wood 515 no. ii) 
Woodnoln: — 'rciwrtcd to be writtca 
by JohD WofRaff of Oriel ColL, bnt 
falw.' 

■^ R. B{ornnan] ' nait«id0;Jafitf« : 
the triamphx of tcftminf; over ignoranoe,* 
IxHid. i6(|.u Wood It 14(1), 

*' Urn bead v, treated fidly in the 



39^ 



WOOD^S LIFE AND TIMES. 



his 'Apologie' <Lon(l. 1653; in Wood 130 {4)); Henry Thur- 

man \] * 

[ Treatius *for and agaiitti kumam ttaming. 

(1) *A vinilicntion of learning fiom nnja&t asperdont* I.oa<l 1646. 

(1) ■ ntuiuaSfiaiifior tbc triumpfak of Inmiiiig over igoonuice/ K[obertJ B^oiv- 
nuui}, I.oj>(I. 165.1. 

(3) * The tryal of ftptritt both in teacben aad hearer^' William Detl, LontL 
1643. 

(4I * A plain «i(] newssary confutation of diverse . . . errors delivered 
Syditch Simpson, Mr. of peinbioke Hall, in a sermon preacbrd to the UoiTcnit 
confregitloa [of Cambridge] tbc last cocarocacnDcot 1653/ Lond, 1654. 

{p) ' A testimony from tbc word against Divinity Drg^rjcK in (he (Jnirersit 
or tay acsdemical degrees made use of for ibe ministers of tbc Goipcl.* 

(6) Jo*ci>h Sfdj^iclc, ' A scrmoD preached at St, Marie's Cambridge I Ma)r 
1653 with a fuller discourse of tJoc Mse at Univcrsidcs of clergy/ Lond. 1653. 

(7) ''Ewi'owoiroi &lta>rr)<r<Ir Learoing'snccrsKit)- to a ... minister of the Cocpcl* 
fcjr Joacph ScJgwicli fellow of Chr. Coll. Camb., Lend. 1653. 

(8) John Webster's ' Academianun examcn or the examiiuitioo of Academies* 
Lond. i6i,^. 

(<)) John Webster's * The saints' cddc or Christ the rule and niler of aainis,* 
Loud. 1654. 

(10) 'Vindiciae AcadcmiarBm ' bj- [icl]H. [war]D., Oxfonl 1654. (Apiiitst 
John Webster, Thomas IlobU, William Dell ; by Setb Ward D.D. and astronomy 
f>Tofcs«or in Oxon ; the preface by N, S. i- c. [job]N. [walUjS, rather by [johJN. 
[wilkinlS.1 

rii) 'The snfficiency of tbc spirit's teaching without humane learning or a 
treatise tending to prove bunuuie learning no help to the spiritual nndcrstimding 
of tbc word of God,' written by S. How (coblcrj, to which Is added a postscript 
written by Wm. Kiilien [anabaptist] nunistet of the go^pd, Lond. 1683.] 



(^Charactfristi'a of tfu Prtsbyterians and Indeptndentt^ 

[(As to) manners; factious, saucy, and sotne impudent and 
celled, niorcKic (tncidcnt lo mosi that are sedentary and studious),* 
false, factious in college, and deligliling in petty plots and raising in 
bason of water ', re&erved (being alwaics jealous that what they said 



other draft In Wood Ma F 31, fol. 8: 
it docs not differ from that printed in 
Gutch's Wood's Hiit, Uuiv. Oxon. ii. 
659. The other dian adds ' Mr. Sy- 
drach Simpson ; ride Wanl's answer to 
Dell,' ace tupra p. 395. Sydradi Simp- 
ton's ' Amt^^^ wherein tbc judgmoit 
of the reformed chnrchcB . , is shewed 
concerning . . . preaching hy those who 
are not oidainedMintt-tcra,' IawI. 1647, 
4to. Add also * Dclut (luldiiiuri or 



a Foem In praise of the Unlvcr^ty of 
Oxford,' i6£8, which Wood notea to be 
' by one of Queen's College.' 

' • Defence of Hnmanc Ixaming in 
the Miaistrv,* Oxford 1660; Wood 130 

(»)■ 

* Wood has cotlectcd these ireattMs 
and bound them into one Tolume.Wood 

ba4. 

* it this an eailicr foim of 'a storm 
la a teacup ' ? 



DECEMBER, 1650. 



297 



or did should be told to others to disadvantage). Scorning at any- 
thing that seemed formall ; latighing' at a man in a cassock or 
canonicall coat or long cloak 10 the heels, at those praying with hals 
before their eyes when tliey come into the chmch or kneeling down 
against a pillar or form. Sconiing and laughing at tliose iliat used 
the I-ord's prayer. Never siiled any church by the name of ' Si.' as 
• St. Mane's ' ' S. Peter's ' etc. ; but ' he preached at Marie's,' ' Peter's,' 
etc. 

(As to) discipline ; by constant preaching and praying they worked 
verie much upon the aflections of people, and &ome in so great manner 
lliat they proved no better than crazed people, or such that arc 
dreamers of drtiams, tliat pretend to revelalion.s, to be instructed by 
vinons: their meetings too often (as I have told you), which took up 
the dme of some zealous scholars that Uiey had not time and would 
(not) study philosophy. Disputing constantly, and many good dis- 
putants then bred up, especially in philosophy; for divinity, I think 
none, for few or none had respect for the fathers and schoolmen, 
and scholars made use of them in disputing. Philosophical]' dis- 
putations often in the Greek tongue in those limes (but since this 

slauration scldome or never) ; but fighting ' in the schoolcs and 
'other times in tlic streets (to die great scanJall of tlic gowne). frequent. 
The sak; of books very much *, practicatl divinity and quaint dis- 
courses, and money plenty ' ; not so after the Restauraiion. Quaint 
discourses extant; since, noi(ihing) but playcs * and seimons ', and 

)Iish drollery. 



another venion of thlt ootc It: — 

^* cutoclta and the ware of clergie men 

|<(tbeytbooght)ridiculoiui; ptnyiog with 

"their Iinu before their cjrc« when they 

cotne in the church ( or *orac when they 

come In, and knelt} {dtey lbDtt{<hl) 

ridiculous.' 

* uiotbei fonn of thtt note ii :— 
'dk^juting in Greek id the vAvMAntciy 
fmyxtnC 

* this fighting irose oat of the 
, keenona of the disputing in the >chooU ; 
loi)[>onenli pasicd from word* to blowi, 
Itbeir pani!iuis joined in the ^t, And 
ltb« crowd of students stood by and 
|«nco(itage<l ihc cnnntmtiuiU by their 

lUnse. Wood 176 A no. 344 is s 
pcHMr istncd by the Vice-chancellor 
(Daniel Greenwood) Mar. l>. l6£}, 
eomplauiing of the tumults, ercn in llie 



■treeli. aritb; out of' covnlng.' Tbew 
tamults were all the greater that lo the 
' cooning ' one coLl^e challenged 
another. 

* another form of this note b: — 
' t>ook« more vendible.' 

* another form of the note \%: — 
'money ttiiring from the new families.* 

* Wood certainly did not follow the 
stream in this respect : in his Collecttoa 
of books the drama it almost iu- 
represented. 

* the Wood Collection of books b 
also remarkable (considering the date at 
which it was fcjrmcil) for the paucity of 
wrmons in it. The few that there arc 
fcbiclly in WootI 6,14, Wood 635, and 
Wood 1) 13) arc mostly presentation 
copies lo Wood. 



298 



IVOOD'S UFE AND TUfES. 



^Thcy used to) love and encourage instrumental musick ; 
but did not care for vocall, because that was used in cfaorcb 
by the prelaticall partie. They would not goc to alc-housca or 
taverns, but send for their liquors to their respective chambtTi and 
tjpic it there. Some would go iu publick ; but then, if overtaken, thejr 
were so cunning as to dissemble it ' in their way home by a bme leg 
or that iwrne gutldainc paine there had taken them. ^They would) 
countenance none but such that ' had ihe grace of God in them.* No 
publick spirits, but minded only their endearments and comfortabte, 
importances.] 

{CharatUristics of the Presbyteriam and Independents.'^ 

[The' nature or disposition of both parties' (especially the juniorajj 
was morous *, censorious, false, faclious, and much given to report 
and talc-bearing. 

They would avoid a taveme and ale-house, but yet send for their 
commodities 10 their re&pectivc chambers and tiple and smoake till 
they were over-taken with the crctiture. And yet of all men, not 
more than these were ready to censure the boone Royallist qx an| 
person that they saw go in or out of a tavern or alehoua. 
] confess did venture ', but then, if overtaken, would in their 
home counterfeit a lameness or that some suddaine paine came 
tbem. They would also entertaine each other in their chambers with 
edibles, and somtimes (hut seldome) at a cook's house that had a 
back-way, and be very merry and frollicsome- Nay, such tliat Iiad_ 
come from Cambridg and had gotten fellowships would be more fr 
of cntcrlaimnent than any, and instead of a cup of college beare 
a £tir'd macliet" which use to be the anticnt way of entertainir^' 
in a College at 3 or 4 in the afternoon, they would entertaine with 
tarts, custards, clieescaks, or any other junkets tliat were in season ; 
and that fashion continued aniuiijL; tlw gcncraliUc till the restauration. 

They encouraged Liislrumcnlali musick. and some there were that 
had musick meetings every week in their chambers ; but vocall, 
musick ^ the heads of these panie(s) did not care for, and the junior 



' IIk iiTCgnUntT in their gmit. 

■ note* in Wood MS. F 31. fol. 16. 
Wood notes ia the tnarRin:—' These 
tilings to come {to the llistor^-of the 
Univuiuly) iii the Intlcr aid of 1A59'; 
' viitv [Kit» out vi prcfsci; tv Ui. Suitth's 
Knaoo wtucb 1 han:.' 



' I.e. ProbytcnaosandlDdepeadeot 

* i c taoroK. 

* to Ro to taverns. 

* I do nnt kiKJW the word ; tlic read- 
ing iitay |Knail>ly \m ' luuclict.' 

' jMirl-siagiug, I su|>|)«sc 



were afraid to entertainc it because used by the prchticall party in 
iheir devotions. 

They were Rteat cnimies to May-j^mes and would never suffer 
anything thcrof to be done in the Univcr&ilic or cily, as May-poles, 
morrices, WTiiison ales ; nay, scarce wakes. 

They would not suffer any common players to come into the 
Univcrsitie, nor scholars to act in privat hut what they did by stelth ; 
yet at Act times they would permit dancing the rope, droUes, or 
monstrous sights to be seen. 

They would not suffer any swearing or cursing ; and if a scholar 
was found guilty of either, expulsion for the most part was his punish- 
ment : if any townc-raan, a forfeiture of money, (ihc) stocks, or 
prison. 

<They did) avoid the company of royalists and the prelatical! party, 
as llie prottsiants did the papi:its and popislUy affected after the plot 
was discovered in the latter end of Sept. 1678. 

They sufferetl not public drunkenness but punished it very severely, 
And did make the boone party that were guilty of it so scnnd.ilous in 
their discourse, nay, in sermons, that it frighted the yong fry Irom it 
and their company. 

Being taken off from these pleasing matters, they became factious 
among tliemsc-lves, and ever and anon carrying tales to the great 
persons and endeavouring to lift one another out ; so that every man 
carrj'ing himsell' wary and being jealous, seldome free discours or 
company was made. Wee had no coffey houses then. 

JIany also of llicm that were the sons of upstart gentlemen, such 
that bad got tlie good places into tbcir hands bcIouginK to the law- 
courts and had ' bought the lands of the clergy and gentry, were 
generally very prood, saucy, impudent, and seldome gave respect to 
any but the li-ading person. As for any of the old stock", lliey' 
laughed and flouted at them, scarse gave diem the wall, much less the 
common civility of a hat ' : and so it was that the anticut gentry of the 
nation were dispiaed. 



' another version is :— 'hart por- 
chuvd bubops', ilvuues', an<1 rojralUst 
Iftndt.' 

* I.C.. Mwtcn of Arts aixl Fdlowi 
of Colleges, of Ibc limes before 1641, 
who stilt remained iu Uxforil. 

* i. e. titc nfiiurtj. 

* Uiii1crf;rail[Utcs were rifpilly ci- 
peeled to 'CA(>' any M.A. or FUlow t>t 



thdr own CoUc)*e : h wu one of the 
privik;:c6 of the tJcaitknuui-Conununer 
ill Collc|^ to be exetnpt from this 
tiectuitjr of rni^ig the csp. 1'he otdi- 
fumces for the atlmission of Coillemcn- 
Coremonnit nuule nt Uncoln Colle^ 
on la Oct. tlSfi6 (Kegiitnjta netliaiD 
Coll. Line. M. 1 48 J arc probably 
typical of tbdr privikjjea and may 



300 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES, 



The inferior sort or juniors went verie lavishly in their apparel) ; 
they alwaics wore bats with ribband, powdrcd hair, lac'd l)ands and 
tasscll or snake-bow band -strings, half i^hirts, and long cuffs : and no 
wonder, seing Dr. {John) Owen when vice-chancellor had alwaics hia 
hair powdred, cambr^ic) band wi:h larg cosily band-strings, velvet 
jacket, his breeches set round at knee with ribbons pointed, Spainsh 
leather boots wiih Cambrig ' tops, etc. And all this was in opposition 
to a prelaticall cut. 

Gownts with «ide sleeves (as wide as surjilices), brought by the 
Cambridge bachclaurs ; imitated by undergraduates. Masters' 
gowncs long, dragling on the ground, sleeves also not used by antient 
scholars, faced with velvet. 

Discipline, strict and severe ; dispuiations and lectures, often ; 
catechising, frequent ; prayers, in most tutors' chambers every uighi. 
Wee had then very good exercises in all matters performed in ilic 
Schooles ; philosophy di^utations in Lent dme, frequent in the Greek 
tongue ; coursing very much, ending alwaics in blowes, and that in 
the publick streets to the great scandall of the gownc. 

Acts were then well performed, as well in Divinity as Philosophy ; 
the T<rrae filii witty, but scldome scurulous or prophane, neilher 
reflecting much on their governours. 

Preaching and praying, too much ; and, if not for necessaries, some 
would carry on thase exercises a whole week togcaiher. 'Twas 
* scandalous ' to have a short and quaint sermon or to utter any 
docti'ine sav(ou)ring of Arminius or Socinus; and 'scandalous' it 
was to have a formal] siarcht prayer before it ; and ' verie ridiculous * 
to conclude with the Lord'}) prayer on bended knees. Some, and 
more particularly Dr. (John) Owen, would very scornfully laugh at 
the preacher iliat should doe so, set downe (wheras he stood* before), 



therefore be given here. The gMitlc- 
mro-cotnmuiKr^ (l) shall n(»t be re- 
(|iure(l 'to go bow bcTarc the FcHows 
as other commoners do ; (a) Khnll bavc 
the use of the Colkge library [» privi- 
lege which proved diustroas to the 
libniTlj ; (3) shall sit at the FeUowa' 
table till they are a meu of thetntelvct 
and when there are 4 admitiMi thcf 
tboll go to their own table liistinct from 
any othets in the hall and »ball have 
commons brought to them next after 
the FcUowi, hat they shall be oblijred 
to rise from uble at dioucr or sapper as 



sooii as the Fellows* grace-cup is 
brought np to them ; (4) llictr names 
shall be placed in the bullerjr-buok next 
after the Fowidation men ; (5) and also 
Id the chapel thcj shall hare precedence 
nest to (hem.* 

' i.e. 'cambric' 

* standing, not Icneelin)^, wni ttie 
posture during prayer of a I'resliyienan 
congregation : aa it continued till within 
the Tart twenty yean ta all Hrcsbytcrian 
churches b Scotland. During pmyrr 
the head was tmcorcrcd : at other tiioea 
the hat may have been worn in church. 



DEC, 1660 —7. 1;V. 1060. 



301 



and put his hat on his head; vide Hobbs' ' History' of the Civill 
Wars of England.' p. 31. 

Slaiiy quaint discourses vrtxe then cxiant; and the sale of books, 
especially practicall divinity, very mucli. Not so aflcr the rcslauratlon, 
onlic playes, sermons, drollery. 

Money then stirring, and comming from the new gentlemen. 

(The) University flourished in number', but few nobility; few 
gentry also, unless to Colleges where an old Head and some Kellowes 
remained. After the lestauration it did in some manner decay in 
number : Presbyterians and Independents and other fanalicall people 
did forbcare to send them for fcarc of orthodox principles. Another 
[>ariy iliough(t) an University loo low a breeding; cntertain'd one* 
at home, who infused principles of Athcisme. Others sent them 
beyond the seas and they return home factious and propagat faction. 
AiKither party (the papists), ihcy send also beyoad sea.] 



leH ^^^ 1330 : 1-3 ^^' n : Wood act. 28. 

JaanuT> — ^Tbe ad, M., for ihb Alinanadc, 51/; paid Mr. Bumhaia b score, ^. 
— 3, T., for i«mp!ilclts ', \\d — 6, F., pamphlctts, is id. — 7, S., spent with Mr. 
{Joha) Curtcync and Mr. (Obndisb) ScdgwicVc, nysleni, 6(/; the same, for a 
iphlctt, j/— 10, T., for pamphlctts, Srf — ij, ¥., pamphlrtts, lorf. — 14. S., 
Mr. Ftnmham score, (ui. — ao. F., pnmphlctis, is 3</.— ai, S,, lo Beclcronl, 
for binding books, \s: pamplinift* of Davis, u. — 16, Th., for pampbletu of 
Forest, u ^d. — 17, F., for pacapMcttt, ^d; the same, for tipples uid ale for Mr. 
{Willuun) Sprigg, (John) Curtcync, ftod (Obodiah) Sedgwick, 6<f j the ume, for 



' T. H(ul.bc»] 'History of the Ciril 
Wars tn EngUnti from the year iti,io to 
1660,' pub). 1679 , Svo [bibL BodL 8" 
B iOj Line] ; re-poblUhed und«r the 
title 'Behemoth,' Load. 1680, Svo 
(,Woodii.i ()>] : and again in 1 volume 
of tracu by Hobbet, Lond. 1683, Svo 
[Wood 304]. 

• u evidence of the wide-spread 
lo stnd students to the L'niver- 

ties r<.'len:ni:c may lie made to ibe 
bbscriplion-echc-ine of 1647, Wood 
a;6 A no. joj; is ' Tlie names of Irnstccs 
for receiving money to mauitain hopeful 
students at the University for the supply 
ot the Church of Ood in England with 
ministers,' Lond. 1647. Facts like this 
have lo lie set against what Wood says 
of the Puritan wi^h tu oveithrow the 
Itoirenilies. 



' a tutor. 

* among the pamphlets bought by 
Wood (bis month waft Wood 510(35) 
' A perfect narrative of the gronads and 
rcaioos moving some ofl)ccr& of the anny 
in Ireland,* Lond. t66o; which he 
notes to have been ' sold in the begin- 
ning of January i6<|.' Alio Wood 
376 A no. 314 'A itectaratioti (with 
names atladird of cilijxus of London) 
of the people of Kngtand for a Free 
Parliament,' in wbicti he notes ' 300:90: 
aiid ,s hands,' i. c. 395 signatnics. 

• Wood B jj conulns some of these, 
being dated • Ant. Woode ; Jan. 11 A.D. 
1659' i.e. (|: thus Wood B jta (i) is 
Sir Henry Spelmaa's ' Tilbcs too hot to 
be toudied," I^rtid. [1647] ; Wood B ja 
<,l> S[«lraftn'B • rie non temcrandis ec- 
elcsiis,' Oaf. 1646. 



3oa 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



a dpaxx of sack nl their cJuiinhert, ai.— 30, M., given to Robert Cale wbei Mr. 
(WUluun) Spngg wcdi away, 6</. (Total) 14/ i\d, 

January.— Jan. 16, M^ Mr. (John) Belchior, the Anabaptist, 
preached al St. Pcicr's in the lJall<toluiii). inveighing much aganst the 
present overtures ; proceding soe farr as the vice-cancellor, Dr. 
(John) Conant, turned hitn out of the church. He was set up by . . . 
Andrews the butler of Exon. Coll., and Mr. (Ralph) Anstcn, and 
major Hatchman a casheired Anabaptist officer. Vide History (i.e. 
Gutch'a Wood's Hisl. Univ. Oxon, Vol. IL p. 697). (John> 
Belchior, borne at one of the Hasclcys, a butcher, or butcher's son. 
[(Jan. 21, 1660) Ant:' & Woodc Jan. 21 a.d. 1659, pret. 51 6rf.j 
{ag Jan. i6J^, William Whittingham, registrar of the University, 
died; sec Wood MS. F zf^.K, fol. 352 b. 0. C. 8560 (now in Wood 
MS. E 4) is a ' Life of William Whittingham ' (Oean of Durham 
1563-1579), of which Wood saj-s, in Wood MS. E 4, that it was 
* written by one of his acquaintance, a Puritan : it was somtimcs in 
the hands of his great grandson Mr. Whittingham, regester of Oxford ; 
after whose death comming inio the hands of Mr. Benjamin Cooper ', 
his successor, he gave it to me : 'tis onlie a copie/ le. a transcript.) 

Febmarj. — 1, W., for bolinj:; ray Bhocs, l< tk/; for applet, 31^ — 3, Th., apent 
at Mr. Homc'» with Mr. (Juhn) Curtc-ync, (Olxuliah) Sedgwick, etc, 6*/; pamplK, 
leit» and lake, if.— 3, F., pamphlettt, u i.d.~T, T., paiapWetu, u $</.— to, F, 
p(unplilctt», id\ the tame, 'PaliticaU' Kctlc^tiona/ 61/. — 11, S., oyUcn at Mr: 
(Ohatliith) Sn^pnick't chamber, \t\ the came, spent vrith Mr. (John) Curtejae 
anil Mr. Fowlc»'«t tlie Ta^cni, u.— 14, T., pamphle«», gdl— 17, F., pamphleltt*, 
\$ &£— iS, 5., ipent al Loose hall * with Mr. (John) Concyne and Mr. (Otudiali) 



' note at the beginning of Wood 10 
(Whaitoo's Almanacs 165 1 -1 660}. 
Wood at a later date added this note 
about Wharton :— ' Capt. Geot^g ^lur- 
ton bamc ot Kirkby-Kctidall 4 Apr. 
1617; IrnsUTcr of bis majestic') ordin- 
ance in the Tower po»t restiumtioncm 
Caroli Li ; loaiJe a baronet for hif 
fonncr service to King Charles 1 in 
Jaanary (to) 1677. The t almanack 
that G. W. pablishcd was in 1637—so 
Mr. Kliat Athmoli;; ia 1640 — to Sir 
Edward Sherburne.' 

* Iknjamia Cooper A.M. Mcrt. was 
elected Kcgiatrar 18 Feb. t6||. 

* by Francis Osbom, LontL 1656; 
aot now in the Wood Collection. 

* lleory FouUs, matric at Queen's 
CoU. 10 Nov. l6j4; M.A. t^ueeu's 



CoU. 35 Jnoc i6$9; Fellow of Lbc. 
CoU. 3 Feb. 16M; B-I>- Line. 7 Not. 
1667 : died 74 Dec 1669. 

' omoo^ the pamphlcu booght this 
month was WootI 615(4) ' Tlic Treaty 
of peace between France and Spain, 
7 Nov. 1659,' Lond. 1660; in which 
Wood notes 'this came oat La Feb. 
1659' (i. e. I}, and cost) '&/.' 

* I rjurt-iiiin whether the locality 
assigned for this Titvem, on the an- 
Lbority of Wiltiam I laddcsfoid, writing 
in 1771. con \x accepted as tnie. Kod- 
dcsford describes ' Loose hall * as a 
smaU ale-hoote kept by ' mother Lonsc * 
at the bottom of Hendin^ton Mill just 
where the road branches off to Matstoo : 
the thof t street rtmiUng southwards from 
tlit» curacf intu the main road waa 




JAN.— FEB. 1680. 



303 



Snlgwickc. dii. — >i, T., pamphlctts, 81/. — 34, F., pamphlelts, ft/.— a;, 
pompblctu, ^. (Total) ly ^. 



M. 



February.^*In the beginning of Febr. Henry Stubbe ' before 
meiuion'd was publkkly coinplayr/d of in Uic parliament house, for 
palliatiDg in print tiie wickedness and roguery of Sir Henry Vane. 

Tlic beginning of this mounth was Mr. ^Henr>) Stubbs'of X*. 
Ch. complained of in the Parliament House as one that palU.itcd in 
prim * Sir Henry Vanc'a wickedness, {Entered in) H(enry) Stub (in 
rhe Aih.) 

(Wood 610 (63) is ' The lord general (George) Monck his speech 
in Parliaincnt, 6 Fub. (Monday) i(>H,' Lend. 1660. It contains the 
words " and lo be careful neither the cavalier nor pbanalique party 
have yet a share in your civil or military power," on which a note 
has been made * this word * " phanatique " comes much in fashion after 
Uiis.') 

About the banning of Uiis mounth (Febr.) died Dr. (John) 
Oliver, late prae^ident of Mag. Coil. Oxon. 

Feb. 12, Su., obiit Rfr. . . . Hunt, nuper socius Nov. Coll., et 
sepelitur in claustro. 

Feb. the 13, M., at night, was great rejoicing here ai Own for the 
news of a free parliament *, ringing of bells, and bonfires, etc. There 
were rumps flung in a bonfire at Queen's Coll. and some at Dr. 
(John) Palmer's window at Allsules. 

*Feb. 13, Munday, at night, was great rcjoycing tn Oxon for the 
news Uut then was brought, that there should suddenly be a free- 



caWtd 'iUrpnchord Row,* sow 'Lon- 
don Terrace* Bnt ia John Ogilb/i 
* Itiaeiariam ADf;lue,' 1675, in the 
sum-y of ' ihc ri>ad from Onford to 
Carabridjjc' wc Iwtc ' Lowbc Hall, so 
callci) by Die Scholars' niArkcii u a 
boose Dortfa of Oxford near (iotford 
bridge. TbU is much moie in accord- 
oacc w ith Wood's habit of cotng iato a 
wA)rti<Ie inn for a rIus of ale in the 
cotiiu i>f nn altetncion's ws]k, anil cur- 
mponds on (he nottli of Oxford lo 
Finnock's at Cumnor on the wcit or 
Joan') of HcadingtoD on the cut 

* Wood hat a marginal note:— 'tee 
Alh. ct Fasti vol, 3, p.' . . . 

* llcfvryStublkc was an acqoaintitncc 
ofWuod'i; Wood 613 (19) 'The com. 
moowvalth of luael ' by II. S[tuUic uT 



Xt Ch.], Load. 1659, bai the note * A. 
Wood, donum anthoiis.' 

* Tin llcory Siabbe'a 'Letter to an 
officer in the army,' Land. 16^9 (Wood 
616 DO. 6). Stabbe wu fncndly to 
the Vane Cunily ; sec Wood .1^3^.7) 
lU-cry Slobbc's ' EpistoU ilcniioo 
Vaiie, itnoi|;cro,'Oaun. 1IJ56. Anulticr 
> jictiU-nl ' |iam|)hlct tssocd by Ktcnry 
Stubbc this year was 'A light ahiniog 
out o[ darknces ' etc which was twice 
pablishcd Lond. 1659; sec p. 195. 

* W'ood J76 A DO. jfio is 'A char- 
actn' of a pbanatiqnc/ Lond. i6te; 
bought by Wood lo * Marc"! 1659,' i.e. 
||. Wood 613^35) ii ' Fanatiqne 
Qucrica,' l^oudon, Feb. i6|t. 

' we Pe|>y»' Diajjr under date it 
Feb. itiU- 



3<H 



WOOD*S LIFE AND TIMES. 



parliament V The bells rang, and bonfiers were made, and some 
rumps or' tayles of sheep were flung into a bonfier at Qu. coll. gate. 
Dr. John Palmer, a great rumper, warden of Allsods Coll. in the place 
of Dr. {Gilbert) Sheldon, being then ver)* ill and weak, had a rump 
thrownc up from the street at his windowes. He had been one of the 
rump [tarliamcnt, and a great favourite of Oliver. 

This month of Feb. 1659 (i. e. i6|^), I set up my chimney which 
cost me about tt ; as also the window in my study. 

*At this time A. W. being resolv'd to set himself to the study of 
antiquities and do somihing in them in the houste where he was 
borne, he set up a chimney in the upper ' roome looking eastward ; and 
in the next room joyning he put out a window next to the street, and 
made it a study, in which he camposed for the most part those things 
which he afterwards published. 

{Feb.* 15, iGfiQ alias i6<;9. 

C^octor) John K(c7DDlds> wu (or should hxre byn) bome in Pjnhoe mtiai 
Pynhiwes. IIi» Cf<i^cr's and) grandfather'^ nniRC was Rii-hard ; who h«d 3 
soDiu; — i,Thotnaa,wardcnDrili'Icnoa CoUedge.viccchuicellorofOxoD.anddemcof | 
the catheilrsll of Exeter; a, MitJiiicll, rector ufPinhoca//ai PynhAwespariTthe^te&lei 
fenedtrae') ; 3. Kichud (the fathct of Pr. John I^AUiolde) bid six soaos, vizt. : — 

'• ■!I'""" f fellowes of N'cwc Colledge in Oxon. 

3, YAvnaoA, fcllowc (manie ycares; and borsor of C. C C. 

4, James, fclltiwc of h^cttr CoUcdgc, 
£. John, praesident of C. C. C. 
6, Nicholas, who, havinj; hit grandfather and father's meanes, had sonos 4, 

I, Ridiard 1 

3, WilliAin > brcde in Oxoo 

3, Edmord J 

4. James, cnjoylngc his Brandfathcr's (Richaiti's) and fathci** (Nicholas^ 
meoncs, lyveth still in Tynhoc o/uu Pinhawcs aboute 3 mylcs from £xcter com. 
Devon. 

Your tcrvaunl 

W. R. CRSS<iDgtoa>.] 

[18 Feb.", S., IJenjamin Cooper. A.M. c Coll. Mert.. electus est 
Rcgistrarius Universitaiis in loco Gulielmi Whittingham defunct!.] 

[The* latter end of Fcbr. i6£{ was a ston coffin found at Osney 
with bones in it. — At the dissolution of Ousncy Abbey tin: west end of 

• Wood 6io(ji7\ U 'Tlic fwrni of 
writs to be issued foi the election of. . . 
Farliftment to be holdcn 35 Apr. 166a,' 
Lood. t66o; bought by Wood in March 
ifrH. Wood 6)0,39) *• 'A perfect 
list of the names of the Knights etc for 
tbc paillamenl, 35 Ai>r. 1O60,' Lund. 
1660; boBght by Wood on >5 Apr. 
i06a. 



» 'or' in the H,«l. MS.; 'and' m 
the Tanner MS, 

* ' uppermost * in the Harl. MS. 

* this letter ti found in Wood MS. F 
31, fol. 50 ; Wood notes that it is from 
' William Raynolda of Caasiogtoa.' 

* Dotc in Wood MS. E 5. 

* notes by Wood printed by Itearoe 
M tile end of ' Liber Niger Scaccarii.' 




1^ 



o 



III 

ia-2 

fa o^ 



"" •" k s § 



■5=3 I o 



53 



.a 



305 



6t2|o 





U-1 



E 



■c "J c 

g^5 






4 



'a » 



J 



1 I §v 



q "O " •■ 



P 
"^■O 



•B 






U^'OOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



Si. TTiomas's Church, with the lower, was built'; and dedicated to 
Sl Nicholas. It was a chappell of case to Ousncy. — There were 
some gravescones removed from Ousncy (wiih inscriptions) Lo Sl 
Thomas Church, but since defaced.] 

{In Feb. i6|^5 and on at May 1660 Wood wrote ont a list of 
benefactors of Univ. Coll. which is now found in Wood MS. I- 28, fol, 

I3-J6.> 

Mapoh.— 3, F., parnphtettn, li ?rf.— 5, S., siwrt at ILp Miter with Mr, {John) 
Cnrtc)Tie nnd Mr. <OIj<uiiah> Sedpwick, 3J.— «, T., pampUcKs, u 6rf; 'The* 
Uentlc Craft." (i4.~i, W., client At Will. Horner's with Mr. {J«>hii) Curtcync nnd 
Mr. (Obaiiiah) Scrfgwickc, W. — 9, F., pamphlctts. 1; dd. — 10, S., pamphlclts, 9^. 
— VI, M., to \Viie for a Kulhcon, u ; at Ellcses, 6i/.— 13, T., a paniplilctl, \\d. — 
16, F., pamphlcttiK li 4^/.— 17, S., epcnl at the Miter with Mr. (John) Curtcyne 
and Mr. (Obodiah^ Sedgwicke, 1/; the same, for painphlett«, . . . . — jo, T., 
pamphlctti, ir lorf.— 33, F., piunpMctt«, li.— 37, T., paniphktu, li.— 39, Th , 
spent at the Salulalion Tavcm with Mr. (Eilmunil) Gregory, (WtUiani) Bull, uul 
(Hetuy) Hawley, lorf.— 30, F., pamphlein, \i id. 

MaroK— March 1659 (i.e. i6^> lent Mr. <Obadiah> Sedgwidc 
Grenwcod * ' of love,' Guzman *, Guillim's * ' Hiraldry,' and Leigh's • 
* Twelve Caesars.' 

Mar. 4, Su., obiJi Dr. (Johannes) Palmer, cusios (Coll.) Omnium 
Animarum Oxoii ; el scpctilur in capclla ^ ejusdum, die S. 

[John Palmer* aliiu Vaulx, Dr. of Physick, warden of Allsouks and 
one of ihe recruiters of the Long Parliament, died 4 March i6f g and 
was buried in Allsoules chappell towards the upper end. Me was aa 
apothccarie's son of Taunton in com. Somerset, and had took to wife 
Marj- ' the sole daughter and hcire of John Tristram of Baroi>ton in 
com. Devon counccllour at law {by Mary bis wife one of Uie daughters 



' see Clark's Wood's Gty of Oxford, 
U. p. 116. 

* now Wood C 31 (1), a diap-bodc 
in praise of ahoemokers. 

' Wood 741 (jl ; William Greenwood, 
' DescriptioR of the pasuun of Ixive,' 
I.oDfi, 1657. Woml has a note in U 
'mostly taken (out) of (Rohcit) Bar- 
toD's (" Anatomy of) Melancholy.'' ' 

* ponibly Wood 305 {' The V-ogw 
or the life of Guiraan dc Alfarachc,' by 
Matthew ALcmau, Lood. ibt/b'i with 
signttiifi of a fomter owner ' Rotxtt 
Hangvrfoid hi* bookc'; or Wood 373 
(3) 'The EnglUh Guzman' (tee tupra 
p. 153 note s). 

' 'A display of Hcmldry,' !■>• John 
Cnilliin; l,u(id. in variu4i5 editions 1(110, 



163), 1638 : no copy of it Is nowfoond 
MOoOf; the Wood booki. 

• Wood 373; Edward I^igb'fi'Chotce 
ObKTvatioru oo the tint Twelve CBetsrs,* 
Oxon. 1635. 

' Gulch's Wood'* Coll. and IlalU, p. 

• note In Wood MS. F 4. p. 98. 
Wood gives in colours these arou: — 
' or, a chcfTon bctwcvn 3 cimjurfoils 
^Ica (All Souls College); impaling, 
argent, n bend dieirquy or and gulet 
(VauK).' 

» margini* note by Wood:— 'which 
Mary afterward was married to I>r. 
RBl[>h BathursI prcudeiit of Trinitie 
Coll. in O'tni.* On .1 slip pasted on to 
p. 76 of Wood MS. F 4 Wood has 



FEB. — MARCH, 1660. 



307 



of James (Ley) earl of Marlborough). The said Dr.Palmer had issue 
by his said wife Mary, — ^John Palmer' (a merchant in London); Mary' 
(who wag married to Richard Cbaundlcr of Kdmundslon by Salisbury, 
gent, in Trinitie Coll. chappcll Oxon 23 Feb., Shrove lueaday, 1669 
(i.e. to)); and Klizahclh (who was married to Georg BajTiard, master 
of Ans of Wadham College, son of Thomas Baynard of Clift in com. 
Dors., gen.).] 

I sent a letter to Mr. Cristopber Reynolds, dated Th., the 9 of 
March. 

March 13, T., Dr. Johannes Owen* (decanus ex Acde Xli) ana 
cum Ambrosio Uplon (canonico ibidem) cjccti fuerunt ; et Dr. 
(IHdwardus) Reynold ei Dr. (Johannes) Mills in loca coram suffeclj. 
Vide Newsbook. — The .... Dr. Reynolds and Dr. Mills were entred 
in the buttery -booke. See ' Mercurius * Civicus' among my 
pamplilelts, March 18 (Su.) 1659 (i.e. ^). 

[14 March*, 1659 (i.e. ^), first Wednesday in Lent, proctors 
chose at Ch. Ch., (John) Dod and (William) Hawkins. Controveraie 
followed.] 

March so, T., obiit Mr. (Thomas) Nanson, socius Coll. Reginal.; 
et sepoltus jacct in ecclesia S. Petri. 

March 2 1 , W., lent Dr. ( Ralph ) Bathursi of Trin. Coll. :— Leland's • 
'Laborious Juraey in King Henry VIII daycs,* Matthew Parker's 
life ', Lloyd's * ' Breviary of Britian.' Returned Jf., March 26. 

Mar. 22, Th., bought out of Dr. (John) Palmer's study of books 
severall things *, 4s. 

Mar.^, 30 day. F., wa.s one Fowke Grevill of or near Banbury com. 
Oxon., condemned for robbing and killing a man. 



Ibese notes : — ' Mary, wife of Dr. Ba- 

tlitint and widdow of Dr. John Palmer, 
died at . . . nearc Tionton la Somcnct- 
ihi» Apr. 14 1690: tht'ic tmribd': 
* died and liuiied al Bishop's Lydjard.' 
' 'the wa Johii (Palmei) \i dc^d 
also '—note by WixkI on a ilip (of date 
1690} paatcd on to p. 75 of Wood MS. 

■ Wood has a marginal note:— 'the 
said Maiy died in childt>ed at Edmnnd. 
tton in the latter end oi Apr. 16S0.* 

* Wood D 33 <3) is ' A caLtlo^c of 
the — boolu publiabed by t>r. (John) 
Owen,' itigti. 

* ' Mcreuritks Ciricns' is in Budley; 
but tfactc scans lo be no copy of it now 



in the Wood CoUectioo. 
> note in Wood MS. F 31. fol. 131. 
■ Wood I341,i)- 

* perltapa Wood 307 ( I ) * Th« life off 
the 70 archbithopp of Canteibury pre* 
sentlyc (Jltinge,* 1574 (t.e. of Matthew 
Parkrr). 

* Wood 165. 

* a few of them nie itill Kcocnliable 
inthc WoodCoH«tioii. Wood 514 {37) 
is a broad-sheet with the ofder of Pai- 
llanif'at (of date 31 A|)r. 14^48' diriKling 
College tciiants lo pay their rents to the 
Heads appointed by the Vi^iton : h bai 
the aatocraph 'John Palmer.' 

" after this entry tlie Alni.inac ha* 
'Mar 31, the uieniutable (ovciikat^ at 



X 3 



30» 



WOOD'S LIFE AND r/AfES. 



*Mar. 30, Fiilk Grevill, living at or neare Banbury, of ihe anticnt 
and gcniilc familic of the GreWIls of Warwickshire, was condcmn'd ai 
Oxford assize for robbing on llie high way, and killing, as 'twas (said)» 
a num. 

*His thoughts were strangly distracted, and his mind ovcrwhclm'd 
with melancholy ', by reading a Ixwk cntit. 'A true and faiilifuU 
Narraiion of what passed for many )'carcs between Dr. John Dee and 
some Spirits.' &c. which was published in fol. by Dr. Mcric Casaubon 
about the beginning of this yeare '. 



[John* Dee was borne at London 13 July 1527 ; son of Rowland 
Dee: sent to the University of Cambridge 154a. Where remaining 
till i547.went (being then bachelor of Arts) beyond the seas to conferr 
with learned men as Frjsius, Gcrardus Mercator, Gaspar a Mircia» 
Antonius Gogana.— He vas first bred in S. John's College in 
Cambridge; from thence he was chosen fellow at Trinity College at 
the first erection tberof by King Henry VIII and was assigned there 
to be under-reader of the Greek tong, Mr. Pcniber being the chief 
reader there. In 1548 he proceetled Artiura Mr: after which year 
he left Cambridge * quite and went beyond the seas '. Warden of 
Manchester College. He was living 1608 as it appears in his bode 
• of spirits.' See in the prerogative office anno 1607 or 6 or 5 for his 
will'. In ' Thcalrum Brilajmicura " per (Ellatn) Ashmole, 'tis s^d 
Ih: died ifiz2 (false). See for the time of bis death and place of 
huriall bi Mr. (John) Aubrey '.s letter. — See my ' Catalogue ' of Mr. 
( 1 Icnry) Foulis' books ' and there are a catalogue of those MSS. which 
he had ATttten and Ijing by him in i.^SB. See in bibl. Bodl. what 
books he hath published, i remember I have seen a catalogue of his 
works in some lilllc printed thing (1 have it). See what he hath 
written of himself in his preface before ' Kuclid's F.lemcnLs.' — I hxvt 
beard Ecme say that he M-as a mcer mountebank in his profession.. 



Ch. Ch. ; 'ride "Annas MiiabilU" 
(WtHMl 643 (4)) p. R4; Yide 1661 ': 
liut ihls i* out of place, tJte incident 
k^ltNti^'Mf; to next year. 

• *vHth a great mclaocboljr,' ia the 
llwl. MS. 

• Ltmil. 1659, foL [bibL BodL BS. 

««> 

• Wtn in Wood MS. E 4. 

' \V(Mvl notps:— 'Hr. !•«? saith in 
mm Ml liU tMK>ki that be was educated 



ttt fia/riis Oiotl/miij' (the plural sii|^ 
yesling Oxford as well trn Cunbridge) 
Biid lluit he UTBJ ' A.M. Oaon 155-, so 
Mr. (Willinm) Fnlinao.* 

' Wood itotci ; — 'qaarre plora in 
Wbl. Cotton »tib ViiclUo C. 7,' i.e. U 
the MS. ' t-'i/a et ^Uajohannii Dm ad 
1592.' 

* Wood noted afterwards : — ' I have 
»ccii and found Bothing.* 

' O. C. «5iOi Wood MS. E iol 



MARCH, lOeO. 



309 



Also that that which famed him so much was because he lived in a 
time that few or none knew what astrologie meant.] 



"The pictures of propbeis, apostles, saints, Ac. that had been 
painted on the back-side of the stalls in Merton coll. choire, in 
various and antique shapes ', about the bcpnning of tlw raignc of 
KiuH Henry 7 were daubed * over with paint, by the command of tlie 
usurpers, about 1651,10 the sorrow of curious men that were admirers 
of antient painting. Rul that daubing wearing away in two or three 
yeares*, they were all painted over in oyle-colours this yeare (1659) 
and the antient pictures quite obliterated *. While the workmen were 
performing this work, several of the brass-plaies, with inscriptions, on 
gravc-slones were most sacrilegiously loren up, and taken away, either 
by some of the paj-nters, or other workmen then working in the 
chappell. A. W. complayn'd of these things to the fellowes and 
desired them to look after the offenders; but, wiih shame be h 
•Spoken, not one of ihcm did resent the matter, or enqtiire after the 
sacrilcgists, such were their degenerated and poore spirits. Howc\-er 
A. \V, had before this time transcrib'd them, which were afterwards 
printed'. See ' Hist, el Anliq. Univ. Oxon.' lib. 2. p.' <gi>. 



In the latter end of the year 1659 (S-^- >" "^^aV) ^^^- ^^'iDiiun 
Holder', rector of Blechlngdon nearc Oxon, taught Alexander 
Popham esquire, act. ro or thorabouis, (being borne death (nV for 
'deaf') and dumb) to speake, and before he could be peifccted in It 
Mr. Holder ttus called to Ely and so Po|>ham taken home. But in 
anno 1662, he was sent to Dr. (John) Wallia, and he perfecting him, 
all the honour re<luunded to him, not without his seeking. — Also he" 
then made one Mr. Whalley ', that could speak till 5 years old but 
afterwards lost it, to speak. Which art he primarily received from Dr. 
Holder but took the fame to himself. — I have Dr. Wallia his answer '"'. 
Vide Fasti, 1 660. 



■ •posnire*.* in the Karl. MS. 

* 'danbled.'inthcliarl. M8. 

' * a or mofc jrars,' in the Harl. MS. 

* 'quite loiL' in Uic Had. MS. 

* at thi« point the Harl. MS. ends. 

* in the Tanner M.S. p.art of p. 69 and 
the whole of p. 70 hare Iwea left l)hink, 
perhaps with the Intcittiori uf afterwards 
ioMTting the i(Ucriptioa& tn (iuc«tlon. 

* Wood 147 h« the aolograph ' Tur 
Mr. Anthony i Wwil froiD Ur. Hulder * : 



Wiiud wAet Ihal the (irrsent was mode 
18 June 1694. 

' John W'allu. 

• a iMwItwortn hai <»ten oat the two 
middle Icttcn of thU name. It b seen 
lo ho ' Wlallcy,' by rcfcrcnte lo ibe 
Fasti i6r>o. 

" Wood 534 (1I 'A defence of the 
Royal Society and rhilojiophical Ti«ii»- 
netiwof, (Kirtimilarly tliose uf July l'>7o> 
in answci to ihc caiils of Dr. WilluuD 



3IO 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



In the beginning of this year a controverue about ihe (Junior) 
proctorship ((John) Dod and (William) Haukins). Quaere U 
papers 'thai I have and inlend to bind up. (See Gulch's Wood's 
Fasti Oxon., p. 141.) 



Some cavaliers thai were restored (by the king's commissioners) 
were good sctiolars, but the generality dunces. And (of) those good 
scholars but few preferred. Among these, Mr. (Ralph) Ravnion 
could get nothing unless he gave money ; which made aUo discover 
a great deal of discontent in his preaching, called ' the querulous 
divine.' 



The title to my roemorables ' is to be 

* Memorabilia Boschiana *, the scecn Oxon ' ; or ' Bcsch'an 
memoiru, cheifly modelled to the sceen of Bellositum,' ur ' calculated 
10 the meridian of Bellosite.' 

April. — 3, T., received my rent, having tben 6/ : paid Mr. Jeancs mj battlet, 
5i yrf; jmid Robinson my (jtuirtridg, is ; \am\t\x\eiti, 6rf; Ellcscs. 6d. — 5, Th., 
spent at molher Land's at the towne election of burgcsa, firf; the same at ihc 
Mceriimiil Tnverti with Mr. (John) Cmlej-nc null Mr, (NathaDicI) Greciiwoo«], 6dl 
— 6, v., paid my barbor, 4J W; to the taylor's boy, 6d ; pampUctls, 1 jyrf— 9, M., 
boi^hta(t* bought of) Johnllarret a hat, in. — 11, W., spent at molher Flcxnef's 
with Mr. (John) Cnrtej-ne and (John) Kobinson, lod. — 1 1, Tb., pamphletts. \s. — 
13, v., jinin|ilil<.-lts, 61/. — 14, S., ' life * of Dr. IIant&,' ijd. — 16, M.. i^ivea to Mr. 
Tarions, <W.— 17, T., pamphlelts, ir. — 30, F., paid Mr. Forest a Kore, if Wl — 
34, T., itamphlettc, Grf. — 15, W., paid a score at Grctnwaye'*, Ijx Jrf.— 37, F., 
pamphlclts, Sif.— 38, S,, ipcot with nay coi. John (Petty) and Christoplicr Prtly 
hi* soon at Bodicote's, u ; the same, spent with Mr. (John) Curteyne at tbo 
Crown TaTera, &/.— 30, M., spent at the Crowno Taveme with Mr. (Joba) 
Curtcyne and Joha Banelt, (ni. 



Holder,' Lond. 1678, by John Wallis. 
The paper it (ccka to answer is : — ' A 
nippletocDt Co the Pbiloaophical Trans- 
actlani of July 1670 with some iclitc- 
tloEiB on T)r. Juhn Wnllii his U-tlci there 
ioserled,' hy William Hnldcr, P.D. 

' these * loose pn|(m ' art: now Wood 
MS. F 37 (U. C. »48g), in which no. 37 
was ' The o|>inions of several cirilians 
relating to the election of Mr. Dod of 
Ch. Cli. to be pfcictnr, anno ifisg'; but 
this pa]ier has now migrated to MS. 
Tanner 3.18 fol. S9. ace infra p. 31^ 

* proliahly rtfcrring to an inlnition 
to ptiul his autobioi^rajihy. 



* iotcnded as an allusion tn his name, 
Wood signing himself sometimes as 
'A. Boko'; e.g. in a letter to Ralph 
Sheldon of Bcoly dated Tuesday l^ 
Feb, i6{| in Tanner MS. 456 3, fol. as ; 
or in W(knI acj6 where he ^^ns hinuel/ 
' A. Uosco, Bellositanns/ 1. c. A. Wood» 
of Oxfofd. Bcllositnm-Oxroi^I, wtt' 
Clark's W.^)d's City of Oxford, l 44. 

• 'Thclifeanddeathof thatjodicioBs 
divine and aocompluhcd preactier 
Rolicrt Harria, D.D.' by W[U]iain| 
D[crliam], Loiid. i60o, 8t«) ; Wuud 
393 {fi). 



MARCH— APRIL, 1660- 



311 



April. — *Apr. i ; A. W., his two brothers, and moilier, sealed 
a lease of 21 yearca lo John WUIroosc, uylor, of a tenement in S. 
Martin's parish, in the Bocherew. ll is an appcrtenent^ of the 
Flower de Luce. 

I April, Su., 1660. a lease of 21 ycares scaled to John WlUegoose 
of a icncmenl in St Martin's parish in the Iioc(h)erew. 

April 3, M., died Mr. Thomas Tcrrant ' a Student of Xt Church 
and an aoncient Mr- of Arts. 

5 Apr., Thursd., the City election for burgesses to sit in Par- 
hament '. 

6 Aprill, F., lent my brother Clirigtophcr i/i* 16^; 8 Aprill, Su., 
lent Mr. (John) Curteyne, 6j; 10 Apr., T., lent Mr. (Obadiab) 
Sedgwick, f^i. 

[On* W., Apr. 4, 1660, was a convocation held wherin were the 
letters of Gcorg Monck, gencrali&timo of the anny, dated ' at S. James, 
47 March/ read In behalf of William Lcnlhalt, esq., late Speaker of 
Parliament, now Master of the Rolls, ' a worthy patriot ' (as he with) 
' to his country and knowne freind to learning and the University,' 
etc. — It must be knowne that the generality of the University were 
iuclincd to cbu&e Moncke himself for one of their burgesses : which 
comming to his luiON«kdgL-, he forthwiili M:nl the said letter lo let 
them know dial his ownc county (Devon) would cliuse him and 
therefore though he could not serve ihcm in the parliament to come 
he desires ihem to chuse his honorable freind William Lenthall, and 
that the business might be attended he sent one of his captaines 
of horse, a gentleman of an estate (named Edmund Warcuppe), 
nephew to tlie said W. Lentliall. — After llw said letter was read 
that of W. Lenthall, dated ' 3 Apr., at the Rolls ' was read also : wherin 
he saies tiat it being the pleasure of his excellency the Lord Generall 
to recommend him to the University, he could not otherwise but 
write them to let ihom know what honour it would be to him if they 
chose him. He tclb them also (having before been advertised what 
opposition was made against bim) what freind he had been to the 
Universiiie in the late times, 'what benefitt they had enjoyed by his 
endeavours,' eic.^ and how if he were chosen by them ' he might 



' • Tcrrant,' nbstitated for ' Tram- 
bnll.' Untcb's Wood's Coll. and HalU, 
p. 511. 

* Henrr Caiy rlKonnt Falkland and 
James Haxley were elected. Oo p. 136 
of MS. Taooer 103 Wood lia» a note :— 



• Mr. . . . Htulcy <thc ipelling o( the 
name whicb he foUowt), a pmbjrteriu) 
cliief(i;nian, lired in the Eoii stone 
hoiuc bcUmd I'caiibrokc Colle^ oo the 
toulli strte.' 

' notes irom MS. Bodl. 594, p. a£. 



313 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



in Uiis juncture of aiTatrcs render himself no less uscfull in the setll&- 
ment of this naUon than active for their advancement/ 

A convocation held Apr. 7, S., whcrin onlie were read Monck's 
letters in behalfe of W. Lenihall dated ' S.James's, Th., 5 Apr.' And 
because it was onlie to renew his desires for Lenthall ', the Pres- 
byterian parly and fanatical party of the University with the vice- 
chancellor {who was a Presbyterian) calld a Convocation purposely 
to read thai letter. Which tiL-ing done ihey caused some hundreds 
of copies to be printed^ that the loyall and royall panic mi^t know 
the earnest desires of Monk. — Hereupon followed great cam-assing: 
and how carried on see elswherc in * red * book.'] 

tHis son at that time, called Sir John Lentliall (as having been 
knighted by Oliver *), n'Ofi then in towne and canvassed for his father* 
Entertained those that were for his father at the Miter Inn with roast- 
beef, ale : and 'twas then said that he did in a manner threaten the 
Masters that would not give votes for his father. 

•Apr. 10, T., he was wiih Dr. (John) Conant, rector of Exeter' 
CoU. and vicechanceliour of the Universities to obiaine his leave to 
see the Unlvcrsitic registers and writings, in order to the drawing 
up a discourse of the anticjuitic of llic Univcrsilie. He looked upon 
him as a yong man and not able to doe such a matter. And A. W. 
took him to be a man that did not understand the nature of such 
a question, being either surpriz'd with the suddaiiincss or novelty 
of il, or that he did not understand that studJe, as really he did noL 
So nothing being done they parted. 

10 day, T., I was with the vice-cancellor to see the Stat(ulcs), 
Compos(iiions), etc."; but he denied mc, etc. 

tApril 12, Th.. the election of University burgesses. Clayton' 
who had sided with all parlies now put himself forward for prefcr- 



' MS. Taaacr 103 is more specific: 
— '10 choose Willbm I.£nlhall uiie of 
the butgeiics uftlic University to kit in 
that patliamcnt to Ijcgin id M»y.' 

» Wood's copy is ia Wood 315 (aj). 
In it he notes tlut ' because the piecby- 
tetUns aod fanaticall people vrerc eager 
for LaitbAll, therfore they cna«^ ttiis 
Iriter ti> be printed and di^ened about 
the UnivcRily.* 

' in MS. Tanner loj Wood nfcnto 
hil 'nuset book, p, 77.' 'Hie rcbinding 
of the Wood MSS. while in (lie Ash- 
molc»n has destroyed ihc idanlity of 
Wood's ' ru? 'or luuet) book,' 'blade 



book.' etc I cannot cren say 
they Klill exixt. 

* in Wooii MS. B 14 U « list of^ 
* FictitioDS dignities nn<l lillirt giveo by 
pretended Protector Cromirell.' 

' In the Uni\Trsity .Archives. 

' Thomas Clayioa, M.D.. and John 
Mills, D.C.L., were elected. Wood 
376 A no, 87 is ' A Catalofpjc of ihe 
Parliament to »il 35 Apr. 1660." MS. 
Rodl. 5g4 p. 36 says 'Apr. i J, the eleOj 
tioQ madeuf Dr. MilUnnd r>T.Claytun| 
who Ditcr choice ailvnatiwfl their vote 
with liiakcl aud wine (vide 
book ").' 



APRIL — MAV,\WO. 



3»3 



ment. At ihis Convocation Henry Stubbs of Ch. Ch^ now clcNiled 
al tbe cliangc ibat was lo be, grumbled about among ihc Masters 
lliat ' William Lcnthall was a rogue,* that ' be had run away with 
the mace to ihe array at Windsore when he \vas speaker in 1647.' 
See 'Sheldrake* p. 27 : sec 'book with russet cover' p. 77. 

April 25, W., deceased the reverend Dr. Henry Hamond ' al Sir 
John Packinlon's house al W^stwood, Worcestershire ; and was buried 
the day following at ... . 

(On Th., 36 Apr. 1660, Ch. Ch. proceeded to the eleciion of a 
proctor; John Dod had a majority of votes, but his opponent William 
Hawkins claimed the election on the ground that Dods was not of 
sufficient standing. In MS. Tanner 338 fol. 89 is the opinion of 
ccri^n civilians (WiUiam Mcricke, George Swcit, and James Master) 
on the case: see note i page 310.) 

(Wood a76A no. 221 is -A declaration of the nobility, knights, 
and gentry of the county of Oxon which have adhered 10 the late 
king, Aprill 28, 1660,' Lond. 1660: among the signatures to wtiich 
are Richard Baily D.D., John FeU M.A.) 

tCommoii Prayer w:is first of all read at Magdalen parish (church) 
in the beginning of this month afitir it liad been omitted in Oxon to 
be read in public places since the surrender of Oxon or in 1647 ; see 
'Knglish History' (p.) 1119. (John Lee* of Merton while vicar of 
S. Peter's in the Est was the last that read Common !'niycr at S. 
Peter's in 1647-48). Read soon after in several College chappells, 
1 think Merton the first, (see) ' Black book,' p. 7. (It was not 
read in Merton Coll. till about 30 of June ; so my answer lo Jolm 
Lee's letter). 

tin this month (April) all tokens of monarchy restored (vide 
'English' copie or History 'p. 1 1 1 2). Armes that had been ploistred 
over in the broken limes, especially Uiose in llie Public Schooles were 
all plaistred over'. 'I'he signe ol the King's Head that h.id been 
dashed out or daubd over in paint tempore Olivari (and in its place 
was written 'Tliis was the King's Head'), was new painted. 

Mft7. — I, T., spent at the Mercmaid Tflvcm with Mr. (Joho> Carteyne, u ; the 
lame, spent with htm and Mi. (Kiduml) Lower at JeftncM*> -^d; the uune, at 



' Wood 351 (4) it John FelVn ' Life 
ofllcnry Haminnnd,' VmwA. 1661. 

• Wood 563 (' Coon of koine.' timiw. 
Uted oot of the luliai) by H. C, genL, 
Lotut. i6.ii4\ beIoDj:cd to him ukI hn 
ihb note :— ' codex Johanots Lcc, olim 
MertODcnsb, ai[Mid Oxon., Apiilis at, 



A.D. MDCLV, pietjnm \s 84/.' Wood 
C 30 (Thomu Jame«* 'CotAlogui tu- 
tcrprrluin S, Sctlpt,* edit, luct Oxan. 
■'■.=15) has also tbe autugrapb ' J^ihoJines 
l*c, 1645.* 

' ic. Wood MS. F I. 

■ L e. Kt Dp again b plaster. 



3»4 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



EllocK, (W.— 4, F., iwmpWetU, it fW.— 8, T^ pamphletts and spent, 8rf.—io, TIl» 
spent At the Mcrcmaid Tnvcro widi Mr. 0'''^'') Cuitcync, Cadbury', Saffin'. etc, 
xiftd. — 13, S,, (pent b1 Karlcses wiib Mr. (John) Carte>'De and Mr. (RicharrI) 
Saffin, j^. — 15, T., pamphlctt* and apoil at Jmncs with Mr. (John) Cnrteync, ix. 
— 18, F., lo the coblcr for nkendbg mjr ibocs, u; the same, pamplctti, 61/. — 
19, S.. for Dr. (William) Harvic's picture, 6rf. — 14, Th., spent at the Cttjwjib 
Tavern with Mr. Lerena, Gurecy, Glcndall, Taylor, UiU, Coc, Flower, Ward,. 
Hanwm, Parry, Godwin, Wcstcol, Janes ■, clc^ is. 

May. — Upon the votes in the ParLiment lloase, May i,T.. the 
King's annes* are ever>'< where) renewed, etc. 

tMay I, T., May poles, May games. A May-pole against the 
Bcare'in AUhaUuws parish, set up on purpose to vex ihc Presby- 
terians an<l Independents. Dr. (John) Conant, then \ice-chanccUor, 
came uitb his beadles and sen'ants to have it sawed donnc, but 
before he had enlred an inch into it, he and his party were forced 
to leave that place. See more in Holy Thursday foUon-ing. 

tMay 2, W^ new proctors admitted: vide 'Notes* from Convo- 
cation' p. 36, 'Englisli* History' p. iiii, 'P^nglish* Caialoguc of 
proctors.' Their admission denied; vide 'Calaloguc of Proctors' 
see folio papers on the ground under the shelf wiih a paper* put 
in entitled 'The Proctorship, 1659.' 

flSIay 10, Th., king proclaimed at Oxford; News book 1660 
p. 305 num. 20; sec ' book with the russet cover' p. 78, 81. 

Memorandum llial on (Th.) liie 10 of this raounth (May) I gave 
Dr. (Henry) Savage (the master of Kail. Coll.) the lives of all the 
wortlieys of that college which 1 exstracied from Lcland, Bale, and 



* George Ca^bnry. M-A. All So., 19 
July 1656. 

" Richard Safiin, M.A Liac Coll., 39 
Jnne 16,^8. 

* William Lerus.S. John's; Thomas 
Gnmey and Joint Glendall, t>oth M.A. 
from UlN'.C. 17 June 1653; Sylvanus 
Taylor, M.A. Wailh., a8 May 1657; 
Juhu Hill, All Sa ; Henry FUiwer, 
M.A NVadh., 3g June 1658; Itaiah 
Ward, M.A. Ch. Ch., a8 June iSj*; 
Christopher Harrison, M.A, Queen's, 
J Feb. i6j| : Franei* Parry, C.C.C. ; 
Joseph Godwin, M.A New ColL, 
14 Api. 1651; ; Cvrvase Westcot, a 
musician ; Tfaonuu Janes, of Magd. 
ColL 'Coe' I cannot identify, ttntcss 
it be in error for ' Eilward Lo(w)c.' 

' ice Fepys' Diary under date aa Apr. 



i6fio. See supra p. 313; sod Uutcfa^ 
Wood's Hist. Uoiv. Oxoo. U. p. 69S. 

* the old Bear Inn it now Fo&ter and^ 
Co.'s (hop, opposite the Milre Hotel 

* i.c. MS. BcdL 594 where Wood 
notes :— ' Maii 1, new proctors ad- 
mit led, tcilicct (Thomas) Tanner (Kew 
Coll.) and (John) Dod (Ch. Ch.> 
(William) Ilawkinit of XL Ch. denies 
the ailiuission of the latter and ip- 
pcnlcs. Tanner cutertaines with nirect> 
meats.' 

' le. WoodMS. Fi. 

* i.e. the MS. printed te the FmH 
in Wood's Ath. et Fasti Oxon. 

' this paper was in Wood MS. F 37 
(O.C. 8489) no. 37: I believe that it is 
now found in M^. Tanuei 3^, ses, 
lupra p. 310 note i . 



AfA y, leeo. 



3'5 



Pits ; the opinions of scvcnLlI aathonrs concerning the founder and 
foundation of that college: as also collections of the name of BaJHol 
from severall cronicles. 

•May 10 (Thursday) gave to Dr. Henry Savage, the master of 
Balliol ColL, ihc collection which he made of the lives of all the 
worihic'S of ihal Coil, from John Leiand, Bale, and Pits. Also the 
opinions of several authors concerning ihc founder and foundation 
of tliat coll. and ccriaine observations of the name of Halliot which 
he had collected from several histories and chronicles. These things 
Dr. Henry Savage made use of when he was compiling his book' 
called 'Ualliofergus; or a Comraentarie upon ihc Foundation, Founders 
and Affaires of Balliol Coll.' Ac. Oxon. iC68. qu(ario>. 

"May 14, etc. He perused ihc MSS. in ihc Ari;hivcs of Corpus 
Christi College; and found several matters' there material for 
his use. 

[Convocation *, W., 1 6 May, whcrin the letters of Richard Crom- 
well, late Protector, dated at Hursley in Hampsliire, T., 8 May, were 
read, whcrby he resigned bis chancelloursliip of the Univenuty :— 

* Gentlemefl, I do and aHwates Bhall TCtaioc a heartie sense of my fonncr obliga- 
tion! to foa in yova free election of mc to the office of yoor cbaoccUoor. sud 'tis 
DO anuU trouble lu my thouchts when I Koosidct haw little smiccable I have been 
to yoQ in that rekiioii. hat nncc the all-wise proviifoicc of Cod ^,which I ilcsire 
ftllwatcs to adoie and bow downc aaUt) bulb b«cn plcuei) to to change my con- 
dition that I am not in a capacity to answer the enila of that ulTicc, 1 thonght I 
shoulil uoi be faithfull to you if 1 did Doi rerigne it up into your hands that you 
tnigbt have opportunity to cbuse some other pcnoii, who, in the pmcnt %HAe of 
t hi pt,"-. may be mure fit and able to lene yon. I doe bcreapoQ moct freely give 
np and rcsigne all mynght and inteml in tttnt otlice ; but shall alwaics retaine ray 
affection and esteem for yoo, with my pmycn for your continnall profperity, that 



' Wood's copy it Wood 534 (3). 

' (a) 'Regbtntm panmm »el anti- 
<)BQm prioralus S. Frideiwydae,' written 
ill the reigu of Edwoiil 1 ; given by 
Thomaa Allen lo Brian Twyre, and by 
Twyne to C. C. C. library ; no. CLX 
in H. O. Coxc's 'Catalotpis Codd. 
MSS. C0U.C.C. Oxon.' 

Wood'i excerpts from it are foonil 
in Wood MS. C 3, pp. 76-^, exuacted 
1 1 July i 660 ; and pp. 87-1 1 J, czuacted 
>6 I>cc. 1661. Wood afterwards t^S 
Apr. iMg) made an abcttact of ihii 
volume : this abstract ia now Wood 
MS. C 4. 

(b) There arc twclrc volames of Col- 
Icctinis by Uriao Twync in CC.C. 



Library, nos.CCLTV-CCLXV in Coxe'a 
* Catalogus ' nt snpia. 

Wood's excerpts bom one of these 
made 14 May t66o arc found in MS. 
Bodl. $(>4 fol. 161-165 * Collections out 
of Brian TwyneS Collections of some 
monastertcs in Oxon which be collected 
from niwuyraus.' 

(c) There aie two Tolmnes of Col- 
lections by Miles Windsorc in C. C.C. 
Ubnuy. nos. CCLXVl-CCLXVU in 
Coxc's ' Cainlogva ' ut supra. 

Wood's excerpts from tiiiCK are fonnd 
in MS. Uollaid LXIX. pp. 1-85, made 
31 May 1660. 

' Wood's uotcs in MS. BoiU. 594. p. 
a6. 



316 



WOOD'S UFE AND TIMES. 



amidit the maay euunpld of the instability anil TcvolDltontnf hunuuie afT«iret 
may «tiU Kbiile Hooiiihiog ood fruitfull. I atn, Rcot, your alTectioDitc frcbd 
xrvant R. tromwtlJ. Hurslcy, May 8, t6(So. To the ricccbanccllor aitd coovt 
lion of tlie Uoiveisit]- of OxToid tbcse. *] 

[In the same convocation ', the Delegates' decree was confinneclj 
by the rirgcnts and non-rcgcnts, scil. that ihe overplus of the moneys 
collected for the maintenance and rcpaire of the Schooles. vlucb 
by statute was to be imployed in setting up and maintaining a learned 
typographic and no otherwise, sliould (viz. the sum of 140//. of tlie 
said money) be employed in printing Gregorius Abulpharagus an 
excellent Arabick historian, with the translation in Latine of Mr. 
Edward Pocock (or Ch. Ch.), and tlie sum of loo/i". in printing 
Johannes Malcla a Greek historian, widi the translation in LatiiK.j 

tMay 18, F., Dr. John Ohvcr restored (News. 1660, p. 325); May 
22, T., look possea-iion (vide ' black book,' p. 6.) 

tMay 31, M., Dr. (Martin) LlowcIUn, principal of St. Mao' bail, 
with his yong wife. 

*May 34, Th., tlK.-re was a most excellent musick-Iccture of 
practick part in the public school of that facujlio, where A. W. 
performed a part on the violin. There were also voices ; and by the, 
direction of Edward Low, organist of Ch. Church, who was th< 
the Deputy rrofessor for Dr. (John) Wilson, al! things were carried" 
very well and gaw great content to the moat numerous auditory. 
This meeting was to congratulate his majestie's safe arrival to his 
kingdomcs. The school was exceeding full, and the gallery at the 
end of the school was full of the female sex. After all was concluded, 
Mr. Low and some of the performers, besides others that did not 
performc, retired to the Crowne Taverne wliere diey dranke a health 
to the king, the two dukes", (George) Monke &c. Of the number 
of performers that were there present were Sylvanus Taylour of All 
coll., Christopher Harrison of Queen's coll., Francis Parry of C. 
coll., A. Wood &c besides some masters of musick. There wer 
also with them William Levinz of S. John's coll. ; Thomas Gourney 
and Jack Gleiidall of Urasnosc, the hst of which Mr. Low took with 
him to make ilic company sport, he being a witty and boon com- 
panion ; John Hill Follow of Alls. Coll.; Esay Ward of Ch. Ch. ; 
Henry Flower of Wadham Coll. &c. These were not performers; 
only the last. There were oUicr but their names I have forgot *. 



^7 



' WotNl's note in MS. Bodl. p<>4. p. 



* tbc king'i brutlicn ; James, duke of 



York ; oii'l Kenry, duke of Gtouoaler, 
who dktl 13 .Sej-t. ififio. 
' sec note J |). JI4. 



UAv, leeo. 



3'7 



+May 26, S., Marquis of Hertford R-stored to his chancctlourship; 
vide 'Notes' Trom Convocation' p. 27. 

'May 29, T., the day of rL-sloralion of K. Ch. 2 observed in all or 
most places in England, particularly at Oxon which did exceed any 
place of its bigness. Many from all parts flocked to T.ondon to 8ce 
hiit entric; but A. W. was not tliere, but at Oxon, where the jollity 
of the day continued till next morning. The world of England was 
perfectly mad. They were freed from the cbaines of darkness and 
confusion which iJie presbyteriaiis and phanaticks liad brought upon 
them; yet some of llicra seeing then wliat mischief they had done, 
tack'd about to participalc of the universal joy, and at length dos'd 
with the roj-al partie. 

[Elizalwih Wroughton ', mother to the wife of John Uoat of Wood- 
end in the parish of Cumnore in Berks, died at Mr. Boat's house 
in S. Aldate's parish, T., May 29 anno domini 1660, and was buried 
in S. Aldate's churdi. Shee was the widdow of William Wroughton 
esquire second son of Sir Giles Wroughton of Wilis, knight; and 
eldest daughter, as 'tis said, of Sir Carew Ralegh, knight. Shee 
had issue by the said William Wroughton : Thomas, and William; 
Dorothy, Mar)- (the wife of John Roat aforesaid), Lucy, and Anne 
— Mary, the wife of John Boftl, beforemcnlioned, died in a house 
in S. Giles' pariiih Oxon (wlu'ch her husband rented of Mr. 
Christopher Rainolds of Casbcnlon) on Uic 12 Febr. i68| at la 
of the clock at night and was buried in S. Giles' church, leaving issue 
behind her, Norris Boat. (Arms) ' azure a dolphin naiant between 
3 mullets argent; impaling Wroughton.'] 

<May 29, T., 1660, Wood bought 'A Catalogue' of the lords, 
knights, and gentr)- of tlie Catholick religion that were slain m the 
late war, etc.') 

This Holy Thursday (31 Hay) the people of Oxon were soe 
\iolent for Ma)-poles in opposition to the Puritans that there was 
numbred 1 2 Mayiiolcs besides 3 or 4 monises, etc. But no opposi- 
tion appearing afierwards, tlic rabble flaged in their zeal ; and seldom 
aflcr above i or 2 in a year. 



* Le.MS.B(uiLf94; /Vap.3iSi).{;. 

* DoUs Li Wood MS. F 4, p. 98. 
Tooi\ give* in coluun thecc tnas: — 

' niniv a dirrrofl guln between 3 Immik* 
heajls coa)>cd Mblc [VVraughtun] ; im- 
paling, argcnt> crasilj' of cross crotsleta 
saMe, B cioM mollne IKakgh].' 

* Wood £03 (35). A iimiUr list of 



Catholic Royalift suflerm b foand at 
the end of WckmI 6 (' A new nlmanack 
after the old fiuihioii lot 1663,' Lood. 
><^3) : Rntong the suficren i» Cdmiuid 
Chuich. on wbich Wood notes : — ' note 
thni the lulbour of this alnuuiac Thomu 
Bloont manied Edmoad Cbutcb bis 
dAocfatcr.' 



318 



WOOrtS LIFE AND TIITES. 



Thomas Drope ' married the last of May, <Th.). 

Jnn*.— t, F., to Nicolli for caeodfag my dotho. tf ; lor an »^""**^ far ICc 
{Rithftrd) Wuhborne, W.^Si T.. spent on Mr. ^Sktltuiiel) Onorwood «d 
(Matthew) Ilvtton, 6rf.— 9, S, punphletts, &£— 10, So^ tpao. at Uedly wtih Mi. 
(MatUutr)HulIan, 6>/. — (4, Th., ijuirc of psper,6^— ig, F^ puttphletts, fUl— ^ 
M., fpcnt on Mr. ((Jcorgc) Lort *. it. — >6, T^ Dlac*, 6^ — 39, F., mnrtd mj 
rcni ; f aid KoUiaao the bookarUer, it \ ior' the Fonn ' of ThaoksgiriiiiE,' 6d, — 
50, S., jiaiii my buber, ff 6d/: qxst wjtli Mr <Jobn) CeifcTD wu) Mz. (Ricteri) 
Lower kt tbe Uennuid Ttvem, i< fid^ — Sarnw, igf Sd. 

Jane. — tjune 4, M., order of parliament for visiting the UnireisitT ; 
vide ' Ilistor)'' 1660*. 

tJuDC 5, T., the University of Cambridge pay their respects to the 
king; 'News,' 1660, p. 368. 

June 5', T., letters were read rrom the House of Lords in the 
Convocation to coniinne the Marquess of Hartford' in his Can- 
cellourship. 

hjunc 7, Th., the city of Oxford congratulated the king; 'News.' 
1660. p. 373. 

•Jun. 8, F., A. W. began to pcnise the MSS. in BaH. Coll. library' 
and aAcru-ards at leisure times be perused the MSS. in other colk^ 
libnuics. 

tjune 14, Th., marquis of Hertford appoints commissioners to 
restore persons to their places. June 15, F., his writing came down 
by Amos Waldrond; {they) sate in Oriel, their names, and what 
they did'. 



' Me tbe pedigree p. 385. 

■ George Lort, Ctia|>Uin of Mot. 
Coll.; Burraws'R^McroflhcVUiton, 
p. 81. 

* ' Konn of prayer ftnd tfaAnktgiTing 
to be OMd DO s6 June 1660 ' ; Wood B 
37(10). 

• Lc. Gutch'a Wood's Hist Uoiv. 
Oxon. 11. p. (r99. 

*'JiU)c 6, \V.,' iccotdinc to MS. 
Taftoor 10 j, p. 140. Wiiod, in MS. 
BudL gi>4 p, 17, notct : — ' Jtine 6, 
Convooillon, \tiltn from the maniacu 
of Hanfonl, dntrd nl Ymkx Houk 18 
May, Were read whcrb)' he gives Ihc 
mcmbcre to lunlcntand tliat belog io- 
formed of some Uolinaliont in the Uui- 
Ycrsily lo proceed nmo llic election of a 
cluLDtxIlour, be thought 6t to remiade 
them of hta ri^il to tlint place, eum- 
pliried umkr Ibcir publick acalc and to 



continoe dminc bis life, etc 36 &lay 
i66oy ordered hy the Lords in patlia- 
mcnt aaMinhled that the lotd imuijuca 
uf Kcrtfonl lie admitted In tbe exercix 
of hit chancel lour^hip of tlie UrnTOsity 
of Oxon, and that all penoos and mem- 
beis of the said Unlverutr wbocoe it 
ma; cotKenie ore teicby requiml to 
jrcild obedicDce tbcnulo. Wbicb Irttet 
aad order bong published in Cocvoca- 
tioD, tlte uiid natqacits was declared 
cliancellonr.' 

* William Seymooi, restored to the 
tide of ditke of Somerset 13 SepL 1660. 

' among ibem he portlcnbuly dtd 
aftenvanls' Acta in coodlio BasiUcod, 
valnmina 4 in bibl. Coll. Ball.' I*>o& 
CIJV-CI.XVT A in Coxc's CaL Codd. 
MSS. Coll. Bull. 

' cc« in Catch's Wood's llbt. Univ. 
Oxoo. iL p. 699. 



3M y — JUNEy 1660. 



3^9 



fjunc i6, S., (John) Milton's' and (John) GoodMin's books 
called in and burnd ('News,' 1660, pp. 356, 357, at a paper put 
in ti). Taken out of Uiose librar)es where they were, esj>ecially 
out of the Public Library". About the same time (William) Prin's 
book agaiDst the bishops and books against archbishop Laud were 
taken out of the Public Library and put in tlie study in the gallery, 
quaere there. 

•June 18, M., the uncle by the mother's side of A. W. named 
Ilarcourt Pctuc, Mr. of A. and sometimes of Gloc. hall", died at 
Ulster in Oxfordshire, after he had spent a fair estate left to him 
by his father Robert Pettie, gent. ; which estate was the mannour 
of Wiveold or VVyfald between Henley and Reading and a larg farme 
at Col^ford nearc Bister before mcnUoii'd. He was buried in Bister 
church. 

June t8. M., my uncle, Harcourt Pettct, departed this life at Bister 
and was buried there in the church. He married to his first wife, 
Philhp(pa) the daughter of . . . Cleydon of Bucknell in the comity 
of Oxon, yeoman. She was buried in the churchj*ard at Bister. 

tjunc 20, or therabouts, Common Prayer restored in College chap- 
pells: see my answer to my cozen (John) Lee's letter. 

June 23, S., Mr. (John) Willgoose renewed his lease* and made 
it up 25 * years. The fine he paid was 5 ' pound, of which 1 received 
for my share ili. 13J ^d. 

•tjime 30, S., the University of Oxford congratulated the king: 
many Prcsbvterians and Independents thrust in among them. Tlie 
L-n'ecl* of the speech, book of verses presented, see in 'News,' 1660, 



* Wood notes in the maij^ : — 
* neither of these (were studciits) of 
OnoD.' 

' it tremklobcRrnct that Milton'tnnd 
Goodwin's coutroveniftl nritingt were 
aclitallj' tnkcn oat of tlw Rtxlleiaa. 
Altliddgh m.iny of tbcm nrc now found 
in tltc Ubniry, tbey arc all with prtss- 
tDsrks which show that tbey came in 
after Ibis elate; Dr. Tfaomftft Barlow 
pTcsected many ; he was libraiiaa at thia 
juDCture and aiay have Kcuied Eome of 
Ibe cjccivil bookt. Wood U 19 (which 
has Ihc si|,'Ttature of ' Ja. Hole* * a 
former owner"! eoDtaimt eight trcatim 
by l[ohn] Mfilum] !— (1} ' Thedoetrioc 
and dbciplioc of divorce,' Lond. 1645; 
Ca) 'IIm judgment of Mania Dacer 
CDDCcmlng divorce,' Lnnil. 1644; (3} 



Tctracbordoa, Load. 1645 ; (4] Cola- 
stcrion, Lond. 164$ ; (5] Areopflgittca, 
l«nd. 1644; (6) 'of Edncatloa to 
Master Samuel Haitltb'; (7) 'The 
tenure of kinfrs and magiAtniles,' Lond. 
■649 ; (8) Eiiconoclastea, Loiul. 1A49. 
Wool) 6^5 []) is John Goodwin's *Cie* 
Icnsas,' Lctnd. 1G46. 

' malricnUtcd al Corp. 30 Oct. 1607 
' OxonicnMi, generusi iilios, net. l<S*; 
M.A, S. Alb. H. ('annigcri fiUas nata 
nuuimos ') 3 May 1615. ' Gloc. H.' B 
perhaps a mistake. 

* of part of the Wood (atnlly pro- 
perty, a tenement la the Gieal llayly 
held vnder the lease of the Flcur de lys. 

* the iKwkwona has been biting here 
and the fibres are thetcfoie onccnain. 

* L e. sabttaDCc. 



3io 



WOOrfS LTFE AND TTMES. 



pp. 393, 393. — The same day the doctors and proviccchancellor 
at home put off the Act, sec ' Notes ' from Registers of Convocation ' 
p. 27. 

[June' 30, S., Convocation, Chancellour's letters read to have the 
Act for this ycarc put off ' by reason of the present discomposure 
of the University.' — TIk: heads of houses also at a meeting on 22 
June, F., and Delegates the 29 and 30, F., S., ordered that in regard 
there are no inceplors this yeare in Divinity and Law and but one 
in T'bysicke and tht: professors of Law and Physick (^ Richard^ 
Zouch and (Thomas) Clayton) both engaged in public cmplo}'inents 
of the kingdom, and besides opponents in Divinity neither in Ves- 
periis nor Comitiis (by reason of discomposures of affaires here) 
can be procured, they thought fit the public Act should be omitted.] 

•June. In the latter end of June the antique marbles which the 
great Selden had left to the university, were set up * in the wall which 
parts the area lying before the convocation-house dorc and Canditch. 
But when the wall was pul'd downe to make room for the Theater, the 
marbles were laid aside for the present. Aftenvards when the Theater 
was built, they were set up on the wall lliat encompasses it. Each of 
them hath the letter S engraven or painted, to distinguish them from 
Howard's* vhich have an H on them. 

tSelden's marbles, given by his executors, were put np in this 
month (in the latter end of June, before the Act time, 1660) on the 
north wall that includes the court before the Convocation (house) 
which wall stood where the forefront of the Theater now stands. Bui 
these ' mannora ' being soon after pulled downe when the said wall 
-was pulled downe (and sevcrall tenements on the north aide of it, 
standing in Canditch) to make roome for the Theater . . . 

[Woodstock free school •. 

Foimded 1585, 37 Eliz., by Richard Cornwell citizen skinner of 
London, who gave 300//., one to buy house for the master, and two 
to by land, etc. 



* i.e. MS. Bodl. 51)4 which supplies 
the par9;;raph fallowing. 

■ tote by Wood in MS^ Bcxll. 594 p. 

*7- 

■ Dr. Bli» give* thi« excerpt from the 
UoiTcisity amounts of l66t : — ' Item to 
Mr. Jadcson for clcojdog and politliing 
ihe Mfhile Greeke Mnrtile Antiiiailics 
j-iveu \>y Mr. .Sctdrn : and for scltLng 
theni np in the wall aver BgatnA the 
Divinity BcboolcgDcinu lovmrilB the con- 



vocation hoase, 09//. o6j oCwf.* 

* better known u the AmnHel 
msiblcs ; proeatcd to the Uniireraty 
in 1667 t^ ileiiiy Uowuid, earl of 
Amndcl. 

" note in Wood MS. P il (4) fol. tj. 
Wood 319(10} Ib ' Votivum Carolo, or, 
n vclcome to Charles \l, from the 
master (Krancis GrcgDiy) iin<l adiolan 
of Woodstoclc School in the county of 
Oxfonl'Uunc] 1660. 



JUNE — yULV, IQQO. 



331 



MasUrs'. — (i) . . . Powell; (3) ... James; (3) . . . Wring; (4) 
. . . Newman; (5) (Thomas) Widdowes; (6) \>t. (Francis) Gregory, 
Ch. Cb. Oxon., edidit nonnulla; (7) Stephen Pomfrct 1674. 

Sec the account of Oxfordshire sclioolcs in Mr. Christopher Wase's 
hands.] 

Julr- — 4> W., paid Mr. Potter my score, 17J id\ the wnic, paid Ned Forest, 
jj.— 7, S., paid my score al Mr. Crenway's, 8j ; the same, ■ paire of gloves, I*.-— 
The 9 day. M., bonght of Mr. Potter an coRKish) tammy gowne which cott 
a/>'. 5X ^^i, having \% yArtl& ami a tialfc for llic maliing of it ; lo Mr. RobiaKtn for 
ft book iatituled ' A * compendious Narrati\-c,' . . . : spent si the McennAid Tavcme 
IWtlJh Mr. (John) Cuilc-ynr ami Mr, ^Richnnl) .Snfiin, it Ctt/ ; the came, to the 
duicets of the rope, M. — 10, T., tt El\ete»,M. — 11, W., to the ma ton for culiiog 64 
letters on my brother John's grave, at. — tl, Th., lo NicoUs for making my gowne, 
4J 6rf — i^, F,, spent at the Mecrmaid Tavern with Mr. (Nailiaaiel) Greenwood 
und Mr- (Matthew) Huttoii, u <5rf. — 14, S., bought of Mr. Davis a books.*, u id. 
^19, Th., at MeUy Hamptoa and Fatrford, sj. — }i. S., to Mr. Davii for pampb- 
Ictts', ts iO(/; at the MercmaJd with Mr. (John) Carteyne, 11 41/; to Kobert 
Petty for a ]>alre of gloves, 6J, — 36, Tb., spent on Dick l.ower at the Mermaid 
Taveme, it. — 37, F., spent with Mr. (Nathank-1) Grcnwoud and Mr. (Manhew) 
BnitoB at Harper't, if.~38, S., tpust at Harper's with Mr. (Matihev) Uattoa, 

Jvdj. — (2 July, "M., 1660, Wood made excerpts from MS. Digby 
A. 177 (O. C. 1778) ' Philippus prior dc miraculis S. Fridcswydae,' 
which are now found in MS. Bodl. 594.) 

[This* musique was performed at Guild Hall London in the year 
1660 at the great feast for king Charles the second, uilh about 20 of 
his majesiie's servants and the two hotises of Parliament at dinner in 
the said hall. Composed by Benjamin Rogers, then of Windsor, by 
order of Sir Thomas Allen, Lord Mayor, and the court of aldermen ; 
performed to his majeatic's jfreal satlisfaclion, bcinj instrumental] and 
vocall musique, in Lattine. — About the ycare 1653 was scvcrall sets of 
airs of the said Benjamin Rogers for the violins and organ, of 4 parts, 
sent into Germany to the archduke Leopold's' court who is now 



' Wood 313(1); 'A compctiirlious 
□anatire of the late troubles in K&g- 
land,' i6f ). 

* one of them it Wood 336 (l) 'Ritts 
rbiroed to death,' Lond. 16A0, which 
hns the iascription 'A.W,, July 14, 
1660.' 

* one of these is probably Wood B 
39 (7} 'A CDllcctioD of inndry petitions 
presented to the King' [Charles 1), 
Load. 1660 : in which Wood notes : — 
'July 30, 1660: the first editian came 



ont in [641.' 

' sole in Wood 416 no. 87 ; the oote 
is not in Wood's hand : Wood 416 no. 86 
is the Latin verdoo Hymnut EucAaris- 
fiitis ; no. 87 is the Engliih versioa A 
lOHg ef thanksgiving. The perform- 
ance ytv, on Th. 5 July i4()0 : see 
Wood's Fasti tu^ anna 1669 // n«mitu 
llei. Rogers. 

* Leopold I, emperor of Germany, 
succeeded hit (atber Fcrdinaod III lo 
1658. 



3aa 



IVOOffS UFE AND TIMES. 



emperour, and plaid there by h!a own musitions to Iiis great content, he 
himself being a composer.] 

(July 12, Th., 1660, Wood was making excerpts from the S. 
Fridcswyde's register at C C. C, now found in Wood MS. C a, pp. 
Y7-86: on July 14, S., 1660, he made a caialogue of priors of S. 
Fridcswyde's, now found at the end of Wood MS. C 2.') 

•July 18, W., Dr, Edward Rcj'nolds, laic dcane of Ch. Ch. was 
elected warden of Mcrton coll. by venue of the king's letters sent 
thereunto, dat. Jul. 7. 

tjuly 18, W., Dr. Edward Reynolds chosen warden of Merton 
Coll., after he bad been forced to leave his deanery of Ch. Ch. a 
second lime. 

tJuly 19 or thereabouts, the yong loyall scholars of Oxford acted 
play at the new dancing school against S. Micliacl's church on 
purpose 10 spite the Presbjierians who had been bitter enimies to 
these things. Of this you sliall heare more anon *. 

[1660', July the i()j Th., a play called ITu Gardian was acted at 
Newman's dancing schole by S. Michael's churchj where Mr. (John^ 
GlcndalP acted a part therin with much applause: and wberas thii 
author* sailh he there brolc a vcinc is notoriotuly false as hundreds' 
can testify : for it was very well knownc by many of Brasnose Coll. 
(of which he was ftllow), and from whomc I myselfe have heard, that^ 
he had an inlirmity In his lungs and did often spit blood before this 
play was acted. Besides he fell not sick till almost a week (after) 
this was done; and there" sweating and overheating himselfe an< 
probably streining to speak loud made liimselfe the worse, 
wberas this man * saith he died soone afier is basely false againc, fa 
he recovered of llus and was abroad scvenill times after, but then not 
making much of lumselfc, caught cold and soe kept his chamber tiU 



' i. c. in Gntch's WockI's Hist. Univ. 
OxoQ. ii. 704 s(iq., where Wood criti- 
cism « length Henry Jcsscj's Jl«te- 
menti that Ood bad cat ofT K%'eral of 
the >cton ia ihU play. See alio the 
next pAisj^pb. 

* not* in Wood MS. F 31, fol. no. 
It is a fragnen: of a critici&m of Jesscy's 
X-mJ Call rather fuller in details (ban 
lluu printed in (dutch's Wood ut mfra. 

' M.S. Rallanl 14 fol. 10 is the paper 
in crititfiBni of Jcssey's lUlcmcnts which 
ia printed in Gaich'i Wood's Uirt. 
Uuir. ut tttpra. *I~be foUowinf paasoge 



mny be cited here:— 'one of the said 
pcTsooft Mr. John Ball did not then or 
CTcr before act, being very sick of a 
fcaveriiih distemper of vrbicli he died on 
39 (ai (he relaler hath) biit jo of July 
(a« I then observed). And as for Mr. 
(John) Glctidall I confcsic he did act 
bi» part very well, notwithttandinj; be 
wai then aiid bad bin a montO before 
Ladhrposcd : but that he died within 
fewc daycs afterwards is false.' 

• i. e. Jroey. 

^ i. e. in ibv acHn^ in the dancioK- 
scbool. 



JULY, 1660. 



3*3 



his dying day wltich was ihe B of October following, 2 months and 
above distant from the relation ihis author ^ givcth. 

The next that he' misrcporta off is Mr. {John") Ball* of JVatfham, 
vhome he saith was one of the actora which is very false, as most 
there and the actors can testify, for it is verj' \vell knowne his dis- 
position layeth not that way: and besides he was not there, for he 
•was sickc some dayes before this by a heat and cold he caught riding 
to r^^unton to bishop ^Robert) Skinner to lake orders. 

The next arc fuv of Aftrton CoU. — these he ' mcanes were Mr. 
Roger Brent and Mr. Cliriatopher Fowle ' — and as for those high 
demaunds he^ speaks off, I tnysclfe know nothing ofT, unlcftshe means 
their desiring some arrears* as most of others that were restored in 
other places did the like, and these their high demands (as he calls 
them) were but by the way as 'twere mentioned and not peremptorily 
requested : and as for ihtir promotion of the Common Prayer, this I 
my selfc can testify thai it was read by the subwarden's command.] 

•July 19, Th., at Mcj*scy-Hampton * in Glocestershire to uait his 
kinsman Henry Jackson, bach, of div. and rector of that towne. 
(le heard from him many (itories of his contemporaries in Corp. 
Ch. coll. 

•July 20, F., at Fairford' neare Meysey-Hampton, where Mr. 
William Oldsworth, llw impropriator, did with great curtcsic shew 
him the beautiful church there, and the most curious pa)'ntcd windows, 
set up in the raigne of K. Hen. 7. The said church Sir Edmund 
Thame, Kt. (who died 1534) did finish, having been begun by his 
father John Thame, esq, who died anno 1500. It may compare 
with any country church in Kngland for its admirable structure. It is 
built cathedral wise, and hath a stately tower standing in the midst of 
it, adorn 'd with pinacles, and s(c)u]pLurcs of men's faces and armes. 
Tlw church Is also adorn'd with pinacles, and hath a fair roof: and 
in it is an organ loft, where hath been a tunable set of organs. The 



' \. e. JcMcy. 

' see infra p. jiS. 

* see iit/ra p. 315. 

* Cellowi e)ccte<l by the Parliairwn- 
t«nr Visiioni in 164?! ootl restored hy 
the Kin^'^ CommtKuonen in ifiHoweTc 
asking whdbcr they were lo be ymxA 
tbeit felloir»hi[) Kllowtnces for the 
yean dtmng which they hid t>ecn 
ejected. 

' Wood 416(11) ia 'A contempla- 
tion on ItatfctVdown Hill hy the mott 



ucred adorer of the Mosea Mrs A[imc| 
Kfeinp],' in which Wood notes ' printed 
1658 or thereabouts ' and that thishtU 
is ' neare Meyaey-Hatnptnn ur novm- 
Ampiiey in Cloorfteraliiie.* Tn Wi»o<I 
MS. D 4, fol, 351 arc ' annca in Meysey- 
Hatnpton windows taken Th., 19 of 
July 1660.' 

* in Wood MS. D 4, fol. 351 are 
'moatimcots In Fairford com. Glouc. 
taken F., Jnly ao, 1660.' 



Y 2 



324 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



windows consist oF several scriptore stories, veric well painted con- 
sidering the time when done: and ihe excellency of them is describ'd 
in a copic of verses in a book, called ' University ' Poems.' 

[Fairford* com. Cloc- : Sir Kdward Thftmc* finished the present chorcb which 
bi» fattier tic^Aii ; nnd {it) may comjvirc with my cnnnlry village church in 
EogUnd. It hath % (tAtdy tower stunditig ia the middest cithednll wIk, ftdotned 
with piiiacles and sculpturm both with men't facrt and aiiii» *, tu aIm [Htuidet 
ruuni] about the church ; witbia»idc with a fair: roofe, floor, riD[r of belli, and ra 
organ loft lately containiag a tunable tct of oi^ftni, ; as also, ia the chxncell, and 
in both the iilci on each side of the church, with nluin, pcdeiitalls, and ofTering 
places, etc Morcovci foi the ivindows aod that raic wotktnaiuhip conlalocd ia] 
them. considcrinK llic time when dcjiiclcd (which was about 8 score yean agoc), 
may compaic with any in our cathcdralU. I bhall say noc mote of them but refer 
the reader to s copy of verses in the bookc of poems called* Uitiverntjr f«tm> 
which doth largly tcstific the worth of them.] 

tjuly 23, M., a commission from the king then dated to visit {the 
University) : vide ' English* llislory,' p. 1 1 14. 

fThe names of the visitors that are to visit the University of Oxon, 
beginning the last of July 1660. 

£dwdus Hyde, eqnei aaratas, Angliae caocellanoi. 

Guilielrnci) (Seymour), mnrchio de Ucrlfurd, Academiae Oson cinceltaniia. 

Thoma* (Wriothedey), comes Soalhamptotu 

Brian (Dtippa), Sarucn. 

Jotunnei (Warner), Roffcn. episcopi. 

Robertiu (Skioncry, Oxon. 

Edvardul Nicholas 1 . ...... 

<..,., ,. . ( equites suraU, secrctoni domini rcffts. 

Guiltelmus Morru i 

Johannes OUrer, Coll. Magd. pneie*. S.T.D. 

Paulus Hood ', rector Coll. Lync, .S.T.D. 

KichordDi Zouch '', LX.D. ct tupremae curiae Admlrilitatis judex. 

Richaniu* Cba worth 

Timothcus Ikldwin ' 

Thomaa CUyton* 1 

MaitmusKUietlin* \ 

Michael Woodward*, Not. ColL costos. 



JLL.D. 

Med. Doctores. 



* Dr. Bliss gives the reference : — 
* Fanwssns Biceps, or Severall choice 
pieces of poetry composed by the best 
wits that were in both the Uiiivcniitiea 
before Ibcir dusololioo,' collrcle<t by 
Abraham Wright, Lond. 1656, 8vo, 
pp. 81, 84. 

* the original draft of the preceding 
note ; found in Wood MS. O 4. foL 35 1 

BO. 9. 

* his monmntnl is in the church and 
the imcriptioa 00 it is noted by Wood 



in Wood MS. D 4. 

* i. c. and (with coats of) armes. 

* see note 1 supra, 

* i.e. Glitch's Wood's HisL ITbIt. 
Oxon. ii. p. 70a. In Ihe Bodl. Libr. 
iOX. 3735. nunc 'MS. e Mos. 346*) 
is ' King Charles II's Commisaion for 
the Visitation of the Univenity.' Sett 
also MS. Tanner 33S fol. 95. 

' Wood notes :—' thotc that are so. 
matkol wcir present at the time wbeo 
ihc cuminissioa wu read.' 



yuLY, leeo. 



3^5 



Thomw Bvlow ' 
Kobrrtu& Sftf ' 
Waltcnu Blandford * 
Jobannrft Hanghton ' 
Thomaii LAmplugh * 
Amoi Wntraiiid *. 



T(hcoIogiftc) BftC. 



(Wood's namtlve of the proccedinj:^ of tbcie King;'! Commiuiooen is round in 
Catch's Wood't Ulsl. Univ. Oxon. ii, p. joo sqq., but is very incomplete. There 
it a thin voIuck ia ttic Univenity Arcbtres, entitled ' Acts of tJu King's Cominis- 
soDcn tl Spjit. 16A0 to >4 Jnly tCt6i,' This is [Xfrhaps tlie volume concerning 
which Wood has this note id Wood MS. E 4 : — ' Rcfyincr of the Visitors appointed 
Ijy King Cbarlct II tiniiu i(Sfio, in Nicltolas lionrnnn's h.-inds (t^stnr to the 
bishop and archdcacoD of Oxford) : ytey little of it rcgcstrcd.*> 

(A transcript by Wood made, T., 24 July 1660 of 'Calendarium 
missanun pro antinabus benefactomni Oxon (iranschbcd) ex quodam 
MS.* is found at fol. igo, 191 of MS. BodL 594, wii!i this note by 
Wood : — ' I wril this out of a book which belonged lo John LoDgford» 
Vicar of Curanore. He liad it from Robert Hcgg of C. C. C) 

tjuly 36, Th., a citation {by the ICing's Connmissioners) stuck up 
in the Schooles. 

July 38, S., obiii Willelmus Grosvenor, Staffordiensis, e coll. Pembr. 
commensalis ; et sepelitur cancello beatae Mariae Yirginis Oxon. 
Descended from those of Cheshire aiid bearcs the garbcs' for his 
annes. The aforesaid William Grosvcnor was the only son of . . . 
Grosvenor of Brand* com. Salop., and grandson of Sir Richard 
Grosvenor of Cheshire. 

[William' Grosvenor*, a commoner of Pembroke Coll., died in 
Oriel Coll. in ihe chamber of Mr. John Whytchall; and was buried 
in S. Marie's chancelL He died, S., 28 July 1660. His father lived 
at Brand in com. Salop; but his grandfather was (as I have beard) 
Sir Richard Grosvenor of Cheshire. 

Cliristophcr Fowie ', Mr. of Arts, somtimes fellow of Merton 
College, and now about to be restored to his fellowship by Ihc king's 
commtsaionerSi died, Su., 29 July 1660; and was buried in Merton 
C<A\. choire *, act. 50 or ihcraboula. He was the second son of 
Anthony Fowle of Rothcrsfcild in Sussex esq. by his third wife. 
Buried without escochcons.] 



' Wood notes :— ' those thai art so 
marked were prcseiit it the time when 
the commissicD was read.' 

* * aztuc a f^h or,' aic the aimi of 
Grosvrnor of Eaton, Chcabiie. 

> outc< in Wootl MS. K 4, p. 99. 



* Wood gfvcs in colours these uns : 
— ' unrc, a garb or.' 

* lee mpra p. 333. 

* Wood MS. £ 33 adds ' against the 
chapleyn's deslcc.* 



Sa* 



WOOD'S LIFE AND T/JfES. 



July 30, M., obiit Mr. John Ball\ socius CoU. Wadhami; et 
sepclUur <in) capella ejusdem. 

•July 30. Dr. John Wallis, ihc kc-cpcr of ihc Univcrsilic registers, 
(and the) munimenls, writings of the said universitic, did put into 
the hands of A. Wood the keys of tlie school-tower, and the key of 
the room where the said registers &c. arc reposed, to the end that he 
might advance his esurient genie in antiquities, especially in those of 
the said Universitie. This v,'as done at the request of Dr. Ralph 
Ealhurst, and on purpose to promote his generous designe. Here he 
layd the foundation of Uiat book, vhich mis 14 ycaxes after pub- 
liblicd, viz. ' llisL cl Antiq. Univ. Oxoo.' He w-as so exceedingly 
delighted with the place and the choice records therein, and did lake 
so much jiaynes for carrying on the work least the keys should !« 
taken away from him, that a great alteration was made in him. 
About 2 months after his entrance into tlie said tower, his acquain- 
tance took notice of the falling away of his body, the fading of his 
cheeks, the cliang of the redness in diem to white, &c. Yet he was 
very chccrfull, contended ' and heaUhfull, and nothing troubled him 
more than the intermission of his labours by eating, drinking, sleeping, 
and sorotimes by company which he could not avoid. Afterwards 
Dr. WalUs seeing his diligence, he cold liim that he might carry home 
with him such books and writings tiiat he wanted, which be did. 

tjuly 30, I made my first entry into the School Tower. 

+July 31, Visitors* meet in tlie Convocation house*, Dr. (John) 
Conant iJien vicc-clunccllor: \-idc * black book' p. 3 where arc the 
names of more put out ; beadles also ; readers '. (They) sate (also) 
in the afternoon, vide 'black book* pp. 3, 4, where you'l find some 
principalis of Halls (put out). Quaere (what) readers turned out ;— 
(Joshua) Cross*, (Lewis) du Moulin*, (Jolm) Conant*, morall* 
quaere. 

iMany preachers put out ; bad ones came in '" ; ' black book ' p. 4. 
Many meetings" broken. 

AiiKUst. — I, VV., spent od Mr. (Zeptuuiali) Creuet at the Crowne Taveiii, 
11 io</; the s&me, for dressiDg my hftt, 61/.— 4, S., pud Davis a wore, u ^dl— 

' Camdm Professor of Htstory. 

■ Regius Frofcssor of Dignity. 

• WiUUm Carvcntlcr. Whyic'j Pro- 
ftssci of Moral I'hilosuphy, went nut 
ia t66o, but [Kiiiiibly by resigDotion. 

'* see imfra p. ^61. 

" see im/m pp. 359, j6o. 



1 R. B. Gardiner's Reg. Coll. Wadh. 
p. 179: vx supra p. 313. 
' a slip for 'cotitcnlcd.' 
■ i.e. Ihc King's Commis-iionrrs. 

* see Gutch's Wood's ilist. UuIt. 
Oxon. ii. p. 701, 

* i.e. Professors, in oar modern 
tenniDoIo|^. 

' Scdleian Ptofewn of Naton) Phi- 



ytfLY^Ai/cieeo. 



3*7 



7, T., spent at the Ciown Tarenw with Mr. (Z«phiuuah) Creuet and {Nicholaa) 

ShirwiU, grf.— 8, W., at the Tavern wilh Mr. <Obadiah) Scd<g)wiclc . . . .— la, 
F., at the Mcrcmald Tavtin with Mr. {Richard) Lower, 6^. — [ii,S.,to' Rich (or 
■ patrc of xhtws, 4i. — 13, M., with Mr, (Zq>haiiiah) Cresset at the Crowne 
Tarcroe, i*.] — 16, Th,, to BlaRtavc for books', n. — 17, F., spent ai the cook's 
shop ami tavrni wElb Mr. (Ridiard) Lower and Mr. Carter, is. — 22, W., on Mr. 
(Zephaniah) Crcsrt at the Pitt, j(rf. — 34, F., oa Mr. 0^'iUi*™) Flexncy ai the 
Ciowne Taveme, 6d, — 25. S., spent at the Crowne Tavern with >[r. (Nathianiol) 
GrcQwood and Mr. (Matthew) Hntton. io<f: for the book called Boscobcll^ ir. 
~jo, Th., Liid oot in books * to sevenll boolcsellers, Si. 

Augttat. — [August* I, W^ Convocation, Dr. (Paul) Hood, an old 
Puriian, and one thai had ran wilh the times, and a visitor' a]>poinlctl 
by the king, took placir as vice-chancellor by nomination of William, 
marquess of Hertford. For 'twas thought fit that he' rather then a 
thorowpaced Royallist should begin at the alteration of government 
now to be made. 



' these two entries were written in 
led ochre and afterwards iokc^l over. 

* ooe of them is Vr'ood 535 (;> 
'Honoor and vertoe tricmphing ores 
the graYC, tn the life of Henry (StalTord) 
lord Stafford,' Loud. 1640, which has 
the note ' A. VVoode, Aug. 16 anno 
1660, (bouglit for) gti.' ADolher b 
Wood D 35 (_i) 'Articuli ... in synodo 
inchoata L.ODdiiii 34 Nov. i^S^' which 
has the note 'A. Woode, Aug. 16. j66o. 
{bought for) 2ii,' AnolhLT is Wuud D 
35(3) 'Articles agreed upon in the 
Convocaticni held at I.uadijii 1561,' 
Lond. 1630, which has tJic note 'Ant. 
Woode Ang. t6, A. D, 1660, 41/.' 
Another 11 Wood D 35(4) ' Constiin- 
tlons and canons eccleslauiad ... in 
the synod at London 163,1,' Lond. 1633, 
which ha« the note ' .\Rt. Woode Aug. 
16, A.D. i46o, 91/,' Oa Ang. 11, T., 
Wood booght another of this set of 
books, Wood D 15 (a) * The form and 
maoner of making and consecrating 
bishops priests and deaooos,' Lond. . . ., 
which has the note 'Aag. Jl,A.a 1660, 

* Wood 335 conCabu six treatises on 
King Charles II ;— <i) * A royall story 
for loyall readers,' 1651, bought for 4^. 
(ii) ' BasC(i>>c1 ur the compleal histovj 
of his sacred maje&lir's inu^t miiacalouK 
pmetvatiDa aAer the iMttlc of W<jt- 
catcr.' Lond. i6Sc, 3rd edition, boaght 
for I J it/, (ilij 'Claiuuwa regale re- 



seratnm or the King's conce.ilmcnt at 
Trent," by [>InsJ ALnne] W[indham], 
Lond. 16S1. (iv) 'England's Triamph,' 
etc., his majesty's escape from Wor< 
cester, Load. 16&0. (v) ' King Charls 
his slane.' 1654. (vl) 'The hiitory of 
bis sacred majesty Charles the II ' by a 
pcnuD of i)oality, Lond, 1660 {< Henry 
Fotdis of Line- Coll. nsc to tell me that 
John Dauncy of rutney n<^a^e London, 
aged II, was the author of this t>ook ' 
^Wood's note). Wood notet : — 
' Among these books Botcobel u first to 
be preferred as to King Charles II bii 
escape from Worcester battle.' 

* one of ihcsc is probably Wood 654 
A no. 3 (' Ilolland's leaguer,* Lond. 
1631) ; which is marked * A. Woode, 
Sept. I, 1660.' 

* notes in M.S. Codl. £94, p. 38. 

* Wood has a note (scoird out) In 
the margin : — * be never sate aad hia 
name was not in the commissioo.* 

^ a more natural reason for bis celec- 
tion to be vicc-chaucellor is the oon- 
stitutiniuil one. Hood alouc of the Jr 
fatto Heads of Mouses in i659-^So had 
been in bis Headship dejttre t>efore the 
Farliamentai^' Visitation of 1648. Hit 
appointment to the vice-chancellorship 
would therefore raite no cobstitutioiial 
difficulties. To .appoint ouy of the 
other Heads would have txca to sano- 
tioQ their tcQurc of their tlcadship. 



338 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TWES. 



At Ihe same lime the delegacy appointed by the Visitors anno 1648 
or 49, made up of Presbyterians (and some Independents afterwards), 
who acted and framed all things before they came to be approved by 
Convocation, was dissoU'ed. The names of these delegates may be 
seen in " reg.' Convoc. T." in the beginning, and as they marclicd off 
or died, were supplied by men of the same cut. 

The same day Nicholas Monck, provost of Eaton, was created D. 
of D. by vertue of the king's letters wrol In his behalf*. Dr. 
(Robert) Sanderson presented him.] 

+Aug. I, W., several turned out', heads of houses, canons. 

tMost dayes of this month were taken up with Convocations for 
the read:r:g the king's and chanceilour's letters for creating of certoine 
persons (that had lately sufFer'd for the king) in several faculties, 
especially in Divinity. I^lany were created tliat bad not suffered, and 
some notorious prcsbylcrians. 

In this month {.\uguBt) the Visitors* went to all Colleges (and) 
Halls and by their registrar Gregory Ballard tendered ther oathcs of 
allegiance and supremacy. [All * prijibyteruans took them.] 

Aug. 2, Th., a creation at Oxon of 38:— of Drs., Divinity, 26; 
I-aw, 3 ; phisick, 2 ; Bachelors, Divinity 3 ; Masters of Arts, z — and 
some more afterwards of Divines which made 31. 

Ang.* 3, Th., oDOtho- Ccmvocfttiao, In the ademoone : and in the momiiig the 
h^ttds of hon)iC5 met to coasittcr of those things to be done tn thv aftemoone, nx. 
Pr. (Paul) Hotxi (rtclor of Lincoln) [viccchanwllor), Dr. (Richard) Baylle 
(lircsirlcnl of S. John's). Dr. (Fnmcis) Manscll (principal of Jca, Coll.), Dr. 
(Robert) Newlin (president of C.C. C), Dr. (Richard) Zonch (principftl of 
S. Albun Hall). Dr. (Timothy) Baldwyn (principal of Hart Hnll). 

In the uid Convocilion wcic five of the king's letters to the Unlyeriity re»d :— 
the I, was for Oiiy Cnrlcton, Aothony liawlcs, and John Lloyd, M.i!itc« of Arta 
and chapUins in ori1inAr>- to the ItinK, mid for Joseph Ciowther, R. of D., chftploia 
to the dokc of Vork, lo be created Dts of Uiv, ; the id wa» for Mr. Gcorg Hall, 
Kalph Brideoke; Nathaniel Hardy, Georg Bcnion and Edward Fnlhatn to be 
Doctors also of the laid faculty ; the .^d was for John Clerke to he Doctor of 
Pbysick ; the 4 was for Thomas Peirce ^ and John Townson to be Dn. of D. ; and 
the 5 for Thomas Snaitfa of Qn. Coll. to be Bac of D. 

At the tame time were 3) lettcn from the chancellor of the Untvenity (the 



' i.e. the Register of ConvocatioD 
from 33 f)ct- 1647 to 6 Sept 1659. 

' in MS. Tanner loa Wood note* 
thathewas'theKcnciaH'i brother,' and 
' Instmrnentall in briofiing in KiDt^ 
Chailei 11 ; vide Dr. (John) Price his 
book ('The M>-*irry and Method of 
bis Majestj'fi happy Restoration,' Load, 
1680) of the restiGittion of King 



Charles II.' 

» i. e. ejected by the King's Commb- 
sionen. 

' the King's Commissioner!. 

* added at a later ditc. 

• notc» in M.S. Bodl. s«>4, pp. aR, ai>. 
^ marginal note ; — ' not created tUI 

7 Ang.' 



AUGUST, 1660. 



3»9 



outqucs of TIcTtronl) in behalf of oUier penoos la be cilbcr D.D., or D. of Pb^rs. 
or Law, or to be Muters of Arte. 

So Ihat b)r vcttue of the t^lA letters were crented id the uU] Convocation 96 
Dn of D-, ODC Dr. of the CItU Law, 4 Dodon of Ph>-ilck, two BichcUen of Dlv. 
and two Mnslcn of Ail». Amung those that were aftcrwnrils bishops wcie Gtijr 
CarletoQ (of firiitow and aflerwaidt of Chichester), Ralph Brldeokc (of Cheiccr), 
Gcorg Hall (of Chester), Hcorj- Bridgman (of the Itlc of Maa), Thomas Jlarlow 
(of Lync), Walter Blandfortt (of Oxoa ood aAcr of Worcester), Culiclm. Thonuu 
(l)i»ho[> of Sc David'i), WilUAto Fnller LL. r>r. (of Lynooln).] 

+ADg. 3, Th., a great creation of doctors of alt faculties — a6 Drs of 
Divinity. They paid ihcir fees, and other doctors who were after- 
wards created : whereby the squire bedell of Divinity (Tim Wilkyns, 
first a parl(iamentarian), afterwards when too late a royallist) got 
money vnough (hundred of pounds) to pay his debts and to get 
money (in) his pocket to carry on tlie trade of eating and drinking. 

tAbout this time the president and fellows of C. C. C. surveyed 
their plate : see ' black hook ' p. 7. 

tAug. 7, T., John Crofts', Dr. (of Div.) installed deane of 
Norwych. 

[Aug.* 7, T.. another Conrocation, whcria but one of the king's letters were 
read for Raphael Tbtockmortan, arclideacon of Lyncoln, to tie D.D., and eleven 
letters ftom the cbanoellor for others to be M. of Arts, U. of ("hys., Drs of etc. 
So that in the said Convocation were created $ Doctors of Div., 3 of Civil Law, 3 
ol Physick ; one Uac of D.. 2 Italch. of I'byuck. and 6 Mutcri of Arts. Among 
the Drt. of D. wore Thomas Peircc, William Creed, and Pelcr Priaulx^writets.] 

[Aug.' 10, F., aaothcr Convocation whcrin, fint, were read the King's lettcn for 
Edward Duke and Augustine Carsar to be Docturs of Physick ; a, the Chancellonr's 
kttcn for Mr. James Lamb, M.A. of S. Marie Hall, to be D.U. Which done and 
they presented, Mr. Ruben South, M.A. of Ch. Ch., a forward and conceited 
person, was chose orator of Ihc University, in onler ;as he intended) to be canon of 
Ch. Ch.'] 

[Aug.* 16, Th., BoothcT Convocation wherin the king's letters were read in 
behalf of WilUaia Jacob (of Canterbury) to be Dr. of Physiclc. Which done, he 
was presented. — After that the proctors named delegates lo expedite the Univer- 
iitie alTaim * cum relatione ad veiwrabilcm domatn.' Among these were some of 
the Iniervall- Delegates, namely Dr. (John) Wallis, (Ralph) UathursL— Which 
being done, Mr. John I-amphirc M.A. of New Coll. was clio«cn History Professor. 

t Aug. JO, M., Richard Marsh initalled dean ofYofk (vide Fasti]. — About the 



' Wood C J3 ii 'A petite pallaec of 
Pcttie his pleasure,' Lond. t6o8, which 
Wood notes to be 'by George Petite 
son of John Petlic of Tetfiwurtb com. 
Oxon. gcner.* It has the autograph of 
a former owner: — 'John Ciofts bis 
booke,' bnt possibly this was another 
person from the dean. Wood H 37 is 
Stephen Gnaito's ' The civile converw- 




tion ' translated by Gcoi^ Fettle ud 
Bartholomew Yonng, Lond. 15116. 

* note in MS. Bodl. 594 p. 19. 

* note in MS. Bodl. jiQ^ p. 39. 

* in MS. Tanner ioj Wood adds: — 
' Impndcnl prig (I) ; inthisofrice he had 
opportunity of making his complaints 
and venting hii spleen against aofne.' 

' note in M&. Bodl. $^ ^ )^ 



S30 



WOOrfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



■ame tiine Alemidcr Hyde LL.D. Oxon wkb installed liesne of Wtnloo loco 
Oolut) V'ot^! Mine yearn before dead ; Nfatlhmf Nicholas was also aboot that 
time installed dcane of Paulc's; William Pari, drnn of Uchlicid, loco (Griflith) 
Higgs'. 

[Aug.' 23, Th., Convocaiion. wherin a peiition was read (presented 
lately to ihe commissioners for Uie ro)uU visitation of the Uiiivcrbitjf of 
Oxon) entituled: — 

Tlie humble petition of several! members of the Unlvemtic ejected for their 
loyaltie, and not consenting (o Ihv fMrmcT illc^M visitilioD. hnmhly slievrrtb^ 

That yoor petitionas, by reason of the force which ejected them and kept tbcm 
out of the Univenitie eve; unce 1648, hare bccti ititctiablcd to Inke tbcii rrspcctive 
degrees in the doc times to their verie (^teat prejudice, not only in icspcct of put 
adfuotagcs (which they are willing to jiax* by) but bIeu of the jifvsent emolameni 
of their restilnlioD and their capability of fttlnre prcfenuents and bene&cei by Iheli 
respective coUcgcs' clectiona. 

In coDsidciation wberof Uic>' bcmbly pray that they mfty by such meanes ai may 
teem most proper to jimr wisilnincs be gralionsly rccumim-ndcil to the Umvtisity 
for acLmi&&ion to their degrees with the same a<)^-aniAg«s of Kniority aa if they had 
been resident and punctiuilly taken them in their iIdc times: — 

And youi petitioners shall crcr pray etc- 



c.c.c. 



lUchonl Matbcw, Hagd. CoU. 
Robert Bainbam } . , _ ,, 
John Marshall | ^''^ Coll. 

Norton Bold, C.C.C. 

Robert Bowman j 
Walter Stonehoitse, Msgd. Coll. 
Henry Complin, New Coll. 
Thomas WtEKard, S. Julm's 

John White' JM^fflC. 

This petition being presented to llic commissioners, they wonld do 
nothing in it till they had acquainted the chancellour. But no sooner 
had ihcy done so, but he comphcd n'ith ihem by his letters d^Ued 
18 Aug., 3o that in ihe said convocaiion of Aug. 33 were created 39 
Masters of jVrts, among whome were — Philip Fell of Trinity, ncrer 
expelled (unless it was for debauchery) for he came to the University 
about 1650 when all the turning out for loyaltic was past ; but being 
brother to John Fell (dean of Ch. Ch.) and freiiid to many of the, 



James Mclfoid 
Williojn Fulman 
John Speed, S. John's 
Edward Exton, Magd. <C> 
Gainnliel Clarkton, C. CtCt 
John Drops, Magd. C. 
William Marton, Utiir. Coll. 

Georg Alexander J "^ * 
John Pown&Il, Ball. C. 
Gulielm. Gotdham. 



> this MS. (MS. Tanner loa) con- 
tinoes to give a great many notes of this 
sort about ecclesiastical promotions. 1 
omit them after this, as being mere 
jottings for the Atkenae or Fasti, not 
part of Wood's account of bis Life and 
Times. 



' note in MS. Bod]. 594 pp. 30, jj. 
Wood dling this note in MS. Tanner 
loi adds: — 'it was looked npon as % 
scandalous thing that ejected Masters 
should [ictitiun for tlitir degrees.' 

' Wood noic5 in ibe margin : — ' be 
wu not expelled.' 



AVG.—SEPT. leeo. 



331 



cavaliers, they let him pass : but this I roust note of him, thai in anno 
1667, when there was no Act or lilcpl}' lo be, he got himself nominated 
by his brother Dr. John Fell then vicechancellor lo answer the Drs. of 
Divinity in Comiliis, which is usually an exercise for that d'.grce when 
there is an Act, but our great men have lately let it pa^ tliuugh ihere 
be none : he is now fellow of Ealon, Uves genlilcly, and does nothing. 
— John White of Magd. Coll. was then also created, but never turned 
001 (unless for debauchery or idleness), for be came not to that 
College till 1652 or therabouu. — One Thomas Drake of Ch. Ch. was 
also created, turned out in the intervall {not by the i'arliamentnry 
Visitors) for roguery ; but because his father bad been sequestred 
from his living for lealty, therfore he was created. 

Thomas Winniard of St. John's Coll. was then also created Bac. of 
Div.J 

tin the middle of this month {August) came out {Henr}-) Jessey's ' 
'Lord's loud cat! to England,' the paiticuLars (of which) and the 
answer see in ' Knglish History ' pp. n 19, 1 1 10, etc. 

[29 Aug.' 1660; donum Gulielmi Sprigge, authoris et socii Coll. 
Lync. Oxon.; Anthony Woode.J 

Beptamber. — t, S., for my battles, u 4^. — 3, M., spcat at Uodicott'a with Mr. 
^/«:pbaniah) Cresset ami Mr. Gtcnnway, (ui. — 4, T., lo Hlii|;rave for a bonk, Sj/; 
tiiBsamc, an liUeics,6</.— 7, K. spent at Earles'« and Uaipcr's with Mr. (Matthew) 
Hulton, M. — 10, M., papct oni! to Mm. Kurnham for a &cboie, li; ibc same, to 
Forest for books, 1/ W. — 13, Th., sp«at at Larlcscs with Mr. {Nath>nicl) Crco- 
wood, 61/. — The 15, S., paid to Forest for some bookcs. ii &/.— 18, T., at ElLeacs, 
6^.-34, M., lo my coxco (Henry) Jackson for 3 books, ^ 6J; the sainc for 
bytllades *, ji li/ ; the Game lo Ch. Simmons for D. Joneses booke *, is ; to Mn. 
BDnhacn for a score, t;. — [JS*, F., paid my bArbcr, 41.] 

(It is pUin that the above almanac entries for Scptcinl>cr do not by any means 
represent Wood's book pnrebases in that moTitb. Wood 605 [4) Tbomaa Blount's 
' The art of nutkiog dc\isca,* tnuis]. from the Frcndi of llenn Ealknnc, Lond. l6£0, 
ii corked as bought * 1 1 Sept., a. n. i<ir'.o.'— Wood B 31 ' A true narrxtiTc of . . . 
proceedings of the General Assetnhlj of the Church of Scotland 35 Aug. 1618' by 
th, David Ljmdcsay bishop of Brecliin, Load. i6ai, U marked as bought ' Sept. 14, 



' Load. 1660; Wood 643 (3) i sCe 
svfira p. 3J] note i. 

* note In Wood ua ; 'The loyal and 
happy poverty,' Load. 1660. 

* Wood 401 fol 175 b, a ballad en- 
titled ' England's Object ... the appre- 
hending of Hogh I'ctcrs' and beginning 
•Come kt ns tryumph and I* jolljr ] 
Brave caralicn every one,' is dated by 
Wood Scpttmbcr 1660. 

' I cannot identify this book. ' D.' is 
foood elKwberc in Woo<l as a cooltac- 



lion for' Did:,' and so the book might be 
Kichard Jones' 'Gemma Cambricvm,* 
Oxfon) i6f3— a Wclsti book — not now 
io (he Wood Collection. Wood 246 (i) 
is [David Lloyd's, anon.] 'The legend 
of caplaine Jones,' Lond. 1659, in vrbkb 
Wood has marked 91/. as the price and 
uys 'this was the second or tlUni 
edition.' 

' this entry ma made at first in nd 
ochre, and then written io Ink. 



33* 



WOOD'S UFE AND T/MES, 



l66ou*— Wood 481C4) Lcofurd Difx^ '1^ boolce uuned T<rtonieon! Load. 
1647, b marked as bou^l for 1/44/00 Sept. 31, i64o.' iDicriptions in the 
voldDies tliuw ibAt on the same date, SaL, 3 1 Sept itifio, Vt'ood boi^u Ihe following 
booki :— Wood 617 {i) ' The rebell'i cateddsiDC ' [by Peler Heylyo], 1643 ; Wood 
618 (3) * A perfite pl&tfomie of a hnppe gaideo/ Load. 1576 ; Wood C 13 {i) ' A 
Kgiment lor the tea' by William Bojrae with addidoDs by Tbosoai Hood, Lond. 
1631.) 

September. — [5 Sept', W., Convocation, vbcrin was a peUlion of 
ihc University to ihc king for the coniinuance anJ promotion of the 
CivUl Law and its professors, read and published. The effect {was^ 
that the king would be pleased to have respect to such persons as fit 
for judiciture and emploj-ment in ecclesiastical I courts, wherby such 
as have spent their time in that profession may enjoy some reasonable 
roeanes and our yongcr students be encouraged to endeavour the 
enabling of thcmtielvcs in the same way. — If I am not mistaken, after 
ibe king's restauraiion there were Be\'eratl places belonging to civill 
lawyers conferred on lay-men, which caused this petition to be put up. 
— No answer appearcs- 

Sept, 11, T., Convocation wherin the king's letters were read for 
Matthew Smallwood of Brasnose Coll. to be D.D. (aftcmard deane 
Liclificld); and (he) was then created.] 

ScpL 12, \V., alderman (Humphrey) Whistler departed this life; 
and was buried in S. Thomas parish cburch>'ard. 

[Humphrey* Whistler, alderman (of Oxford) and somtimes twice 
mayor of the same, as also by profession a baker, died, W., ra Sept. 
1660 and was buried the same day tn the churchyard of St. Thomas 
the martyr in the west suburbs of Oxford by his wife IsabctI (iiis first 
wife) and three children. He was of the same family with those of 
his name that now live at Whitchurch in com. Oxon., but he died 
without (I ihinke) issue.] 

tSept. 13, Th., the duke of Glocesler dies: the University made 
verses on his death, 

[Two presbylerian fcllowes' (of Lincoln College) . . . though ihey 
had been notorious complyers, yet now forsooth in hopes of prcfer- 



ip. 

=1 



' notes in MS. Bod). 594, p. 31. 

" pole in Wood MS. F 4. p. yg. Wood 
gives in colonn these arms : — ' gnlcs, 5 
niaiclei coojotned in a bend between 2 
houniii punat argent ; crcit, a hoa&d'i 
bead coupcd arcoit.' 

• Dotc in Wood MS, F ],pp, 1116, 
I117. Wood in the maigin notes tlut 
the«e two are ' Nalbaniel Crew, 
(Richard) Knightley.' The full contest 



will be found in Gotch'i Wood't UisL 
Univ. Oxori. ti. 703 : the above pauage 
is printed here, lircausc Guich, etltClng 
too near Crew's titnc, felt constrained lo 
suppren it. Richard Knighilcy was 
elected fellow of Line, on 3 Nov. 1654 ; 
Nathaniel Crewe, on 9 May 1656. 
Crewe MKin after his tmnsIatJon 10 
Dniham prcinioleH KnighUey to a pre* 
bcJidship Uierc ^5 Nov. 1675). 



SEPTEMBER, 1660. 



333 



menl and honours^ had faced about and become wonderfull zealots 
for the prclaticall cause. And it is to be noted thai in order to this, 
one ^ of them (as I remember) had planted and nourished a beard 
several] years, and had put on such a starcht formality (not at all 
sutable to his age) that he not only become ridiculous lo the Presby- 
trrian but also lo tlic Royall party. At length * the rector dies, and 
he succeeds ; and in short time after became a bishop, of which 
function, if you consider his learning, reall honesty, and religion 
(which / myself do know full well), is altogeather unworthy ; but 
Presbyterians for their money must be served, while the Royall party, 
that have endured llic heat of the day and become poore, be putt off 
wilh inconsiderable nothings.] 

[Sept.' ao, Th., Convocation, wherin the king's letters were read 
for Edward Pocock (B.D., Ch. Ch.), John Fairclough vulgo Featly and 
Robert Townsend (Masters of Arts) to be created D. of D. At the 
same lime were other letters from the king read for Thomas Long, 
clerk (lately of Exeter Coll.), lo be Bac. of Div. But at that lime and 
in answer lo tlic said letters were onlie Pocock, Townseiid, and Long 
created. There were also a creation of 6 Mrs of Arts and an 
incorporation of Cantabrigians.] 

Sept., 3 3 day, S., Mr. George Hitchcock', one of the fellows of 
Lync. Coll. was arrested by (William) Ball, the bedell, at L}Tic. Coll. 
comer, but Mr. IJilchcock, praetending buisness with Mr. Speare * one 
of the fellows of Lync, gave Ball the slipp and ran up to his owne 
chamber where he stood to his guard and kept them downe with the 
point of his sword. In the meantime the rector •, who was then vicc- 
cancelJor, commanded Ball with t(w)o more fellows that were hired 
to keep gard at his doore and not lett him come out and also a 
servitor to stand at the College gate and let noe man come in but 
those that bad buisncsa (it being then shutt up). 

In the mcane time the rector advised with his freinds what to doe. 
The event was that he should hire some soldiers that were then in 



' i.e. Crew. 

* Wood his bracketed this Itst scn- 
tcocc, and noted ia the margia : — ' tbii 
i» tnie, but I know not whether il may 
be publtshed.' 

* note in MS. Bodl. 534 p. 31. 

* intmdcd into a fellowship at Line. 
Coll. 15 N'ov. 1650 by the PaclUmratary 
Visiton (for wKich be wu dUquaUfifd 
by blnb, bdog a oativ« ofco. Wilts) ; 



M.A. iS June 1653; ejected by the 
KiDga Commissi ooen 16 Aug. 1660. 

* Robert Spcare, adm. Fell, of line. 
Coll. in Dec. 1653 ; M.A. 33 Apir. 1656 ; 
was Mill Fellow in 1661, Imt went out 
that year. »dcc the Somersetshiie (ellow- 
ship fwhich be held) was filled up by 
the election of John k Court on 1 3 Dec 
1661. 

* Paid Uood, D.D. 



5S4 



WOOifS UFE AKD TIMES, 



lew Mo totut md bnkr ofxa fais dooic Md Sonc M 
Aod Mldcn were gal ad laivd far sar. vfe «ift dvir i 

up ihertiiKL 

But bdoK dvr ««n tn^e w^y x^Ux. ICickDKk canes lo itt 
top of dK Maim aad tbeir pirie)9 wiA Aob aid tcb Acb Ai 

buh bla tncMed by Use mnnts sad ^axj ^amt ibt Ka^m 
■nJ ih&i by a ' pndeadctl ' power ifacy oned Hm ' (vibcb Mr. 
Ltalmce' wfao «m Ibea bdow cried 'TitncMil') esc Weil, Mr. 
ffitcfaeodt retim in Ui cfambcr md than and bote bis dMR. 
Tb«]r brak U opm, tnd tbe captato cxMannp m adted hia ' Mht f e ' 
ha ma wiUiaR to ibed blood.* Ut. Hkdboock said, 'Noe.' Batil 
■cenwa afirnranlft thejr itnigled togcatfaer. and tbe odaer aonldkn 
cooking In ran liim in the anne and cw his Gnger, and secored ban. 

Aftermnlt ihey went lo hacking tbe gentlemen in the dambcT ihos 
cam* tbrrr acddentDy, via. Mr. PoBston ' of Jesus. Mr. FOk * and 
Scdgwidc • of Lync. Mr. Pjlie, going to by hob of Mr. Hit 
thai be should ooc be toe violent, received a wound. &lr. 
bad a out over the head. And after this ihey haled Mr. 
to the CosOe. 

And Uk Tbumlay after noon (37 Sept.). the Vbltora sate, about 
cxainltting tbe aforesaid 3 gmllemen. Thef received a letter from 
Mr. Ilhcbcock thai they would tj^c bail; but ihey would not gran! 
it. uytng that in the Icner lie had affronted them. His letter directed 
thus :~ " These for the commissioners for \-isiUnK the University of 
Oion " ; and in the beginning of his letter calls them ' " GentlcmetL" 

[Sept. 38 \ F., Coovocaiion. wberin a of the king's letters were 
read, one for John Arthur to be D.D. and another for DionfS 
GranviU of ExeL ColL to be Master of .\rt ; the former, because of 
bis age wu afterwinls (\-iju. 10 Oct., \\\) diplomatcd; the ot 
created thix day. 

Which being done Dr. (Thomas) Barlow's resignation o£ t1 
kcrpenh^ of dM BcxUcian library was read, and forthwith Mr. 



^TboMi Uiipl^ use of Ite 
KiscS Ccopalaioacn. 

* lie km 'VtMllHt.* 

• lUjBte rakacM. UjL Jm. ColL. 
ij Aj>t. l«5^ 

ColL) 10 Mw. i^(f, ■((«. M': B..V t 
buM Liftc CotL «t m» *M. h Mat 



be Ofcattah Sede«kk (wbo gndHted 
3UL feDM TriL CoU.) ^gmed. 
• doct Wood MM Aat ikeCoi 
skacn to^Md «■ >»fag adte 
•My Loflds wd GcMkaa't 

«rfe war pecn «■ ihe 

<H^»« p^ SH)*^ *hcy *cma attBDaeA 
townrtBti. 



SEPT,— OCT. leeo. 



Z$5 



Thomas Lockcy, S.T.B. of Ch. Ch., chose inlo his place. Mr. John 
Good of Balliol stood against him and had 80 votes, but the other 
liaving 102 carryed i: by the help of his Urge College. Not alto- 
geathcT fit for thac office ; sec clswhcre '. 

[28 Sept.*, F., 1660, Mr. Thomas Lockey of Ch. Ch. chose proto- 
hibliothecarius. (Thomas) Barlow put it off' (i) because he was 
those Margaret professor (z) because thai Scldcn's books were newly 
come in and were to be placed and catalogued. 

Uliich n-ork laying upon Dr. Lockey's hand and he not understanding 
the managing of a library, did great mtscheif: — 

I, by binding severall together not of a subject ; 

3, by binding a pamphlet with a substaniiall book, as I remember a 
' I'hiiosophicali Transaction ' with a substantial! book ; 

3, in cutting ihcm, a margin with notes were destroyed ; 

4, and in placing severall quartoes that had many (treatises) bonnd 
togeather and placing them below in common, some would cut out a 
choice book from among thtm and leave the rest*. 

Quaere. Who let Dr. (John) Wallis have the ' deciphering of the 
king's Iei[ers out of the library? Barlow* I 

tThe great liopes of the suffering cavaliers to gel places, to be 
favourers to the king —see loose papers in ' Vindication * of the 
Historiographer of Oion against Clarendon ' and ' Collections ■ con- 
cerning old Clarendon.' 

fMany people also were created this month (September) in all 
faculties. 

Oetobar. — 1, T., alt Elleses, 6(/.— 4, Tb., for a quier of paper, t^. — 5, F., Epcnt 
Ji/.— 9, T., pniil Forest for loinc boiiki I hoagtil of him, +1 V. — 10, \V., paid 
BLigrave for some booktt I bouji^ht of him, 51 i4- — 13, K., paid Mr. Potter, 40/, 
beini; part of a score and there rcmiinctb ^s %d behind. — 13, S., paid Mr. Rubioson 



* i.e. in MS. Turner toa, which 
supplies the oext paragraph. 

* DotcsbyWoodoaailipDow marked 
as foL 118 verso, formerlx as p. aia in 
MS. Tanner 103. 

' i.e. resigned the Ubrariaoiliip. 

* Wuod's own collections of pamph- 
lets when in the .^sbniolean ynoK muti- 
Utcd in this way. 

* Wallis hAi] beai employed by the 
Comnioowc»lch to decipher Charles I's 
letters and hii MS. had been, placed in 
the Bodleian. Now that CliaTles 11 
was restored he was anxions to blot ont 
offenshe paaiagei, and for ihi» pnrposc 
he KOl Uie MS. oat of the Library. Mr. 



Ihlacray tells mc that (he deletions are 
Tcry lUghL. In MS. UalUni 46 fol. 167 
fat this note by Wood : — ' Tktarch iftfio, 
the latter end of tliis month, Dr. Wallis 
got by flatteriet, good words, etc his 
Look of deciphering the kin)>'s Irtters 
from the public library from Dr. Barlow : 
whi-ir he allcrc<l whjit he pleased. That 
which he gare as a trophy of hit great 
skill IK DOW after a mcokioj; way blotted 
ont. QiULcre Dr. (Thomas) Hyde.' 

* added at a later dale. 

"* Lood. 1693; Wood fii4 (7). 

* probablya collection of paperi(MS.) 
by Wood ; I cannot identify iL 



33« 



WOOD^S UFE AND TIMES. 



hi* ^■utniilEe, u. — 30t 5., to NkbolU for tnpncliiig of clothes, y ; Ibe same, for 
colcik 41 : ibe same, ipent at the Crowne Tftvcni with Mr. (Nathaniel) Grenwood, 
•W; pond id qukMIs, 6d. — 99. M., spent at Wyghthain with John Bairctt, 6<^.— 50. 
T, ^w« an EUese^ 6J, 

Ootobw. — tOcL 4. Th.. Convocation : severall matters relating to 
the Mayor's oath : see ' Notes ' from rcg. Convoc' p. 35. 

4 Oet^ Th, 166a 1 was with Dr. (Henry) Savage and he told me 
1 shiHild penis his collections of his colledgc a quarter of a jrear hence 
vhc-n he had finisht them. 

•Oct 4, Th., he was with Dr. Savage of Ralliol coll. and he told 
him that be ^uld peruse his collect]OD(£) which he had made of the 
•aid colL vithio « qtuner of an yeare after, when he then should have 
ftntsh'dUMtik 

[Thts' ^tnscription at Mickleton, Glouc.) I transcribed out of 
Ouaden's 'Rematoes' of the i edition anno 1605 (writt in the 
CMTiriQ thcfoO 3utd to be sold in Mr. Blagrave's shop, Oct. 4, t66o.] 

•Oct. 8» M.. John Ckndall. Mr. of Arts and fellow of Brasn. Coll. 
dieU, and was borictl at the upper end of S. Marie's chanceU in Oxon. 
He Wtts a minister's son of Cheshire, bad been the witty Terrae filim 
of the Univcnitie in 1655. at which time the Acts were kept in S. 
Marie's church. His company was often desired by ingenious men, 
UK) therefore thrown out at a reckoning *. He was a great mtmick, 
and acted well in sereraU playes whiih the scholars before acted by 
stealth, either in iIk stone house behind and southward from Pem- 
broke colL, or in Kettle hall, or at Hal>-wel] mill, or in the refectory 
at GkKcster hail A. W. was well acquainted v-iih him and delighted 
in his company. 

9 Oct., M., obiit Mr. Johannes Glcndall. A.M., et socius Coll. 
Acneanas. Oxon. ; et scpelitur in superiore parte canccUi bcatae 
Mariac Virginis Oxon. Fuit c com. Cheshire. 

(8 Oct., M., 1660, Paul Hood the Vice- chancellor issued a paper, 
enjoining conformity to ihc Statutes in matters of dress. Wood has 
preserved a copy in Wood 376 A no. 347.) 

+In this month about Ihc middle or 12th day. the Visitation (by 
llie King's Comniiwiloner?) ended : it lasted 10 weeks. The visitors' 
actions concerning members of severall Colleges : — C. C C. (' black 
book' p. 7), Oriel ColL, Bras., Alls., Line, Trin., S. John's. 



« Le. MS, Dodl. 594 ; •« infra p. 370. 
• ROtr iu Wutxl MS. D 4. ToL 350. 

■ i.e. tbv uttid* iliJ not allow bim to 



pay bis awn share of the uvcm teckoQ- 
Ing, but paid it amoog thenuclvcs. 



OCT.— NOV, leeo. 



15 



tOct 21, Su., (Henry) Thurnian's preaching blasphemy': vide 
additions to English coplc in loose paper ^ 

fSeverall convocations this munih wherin were letters read for 
degrees. 

35 Oct., Th., died (William Seymour *) duke of Somerset, 
canccllor of Oxford; and the 27, S., Lord Cancellor (Edward) Hide* 
chose in his place. 

[27 Oct,*, S., Edward (Hyde), earl of Clarendon, chose chan- 
cellor of the University — a great getter of money, not kind to old 
cavehers*. In the plague year built Clarendon House'' with some 
stones belonging as 'tis said to Paul's' burned the year following; 
cost above 40 thousand pound; sold 1674 or 5 to Christopher 
(Monk) earl (jir for 'duke') of Albemerlc, for 23 thousand pound 
by Uis son (Henry Hyde) the (second) earl of Clarendon. Nothing 
thrives after him. Many of his books to be sold July and Aug. 1678. 
— He was a fool that built that house ' ; 'If you will not beleive 
me, I give it you under hand and scale " — as llic carl used to say 
to his freinds at Roan in Normandy.] 

Towards the latter end of this mounth died my cozen Margaret 
Tavemer at Soimdess, and there buried (at Neilebed, quaere) circa 
annum aetatis 80. 

VoTftmber. — 5, M., to Mr. Robinson for ' the Rei^ntoiy" of ReconU,' j*. — 8, 
Th., given lo Robert Carter for bringing two of Mr. (Williain) Sprifigs' boxes, &/. 
—10, S, to (ihc) fellow th»: carried Mr. (Williim) Spriggs' mink and other 
thingiy ^d. — 13, T., paid Mr. Alport for a purge that I lookc the day before, n 6J, 



' see in/ra p. 369. 

■ tee iu/m note 4 p. 355. 

* Mu^nix of Hrttford i64o;Cbatt- 
GcUor of Oxfonl University 1643-1646; 
restored to CbaiKcllorship t>i Oiibul 
UnJTcrsit; 36 May 1660; Uukc of 
S«5mciwt 13 Sept. 1660 ; died 34 Oct 
1660. 

* Wood 423 (34) is Robert UTiitc- 
hall's ' Carmen gratalatorinm . . . £d- 
wudo Hide' . . . OQ til election: 
[Oxford] 1660. 

* the note in sqoAre brackets is a 
later Insrrtiijn {of 1678) on a blank leaf 
facing the pnccoling note. I'arts of it 
have pencil marks at llie aitle for 
emphasis. 

* Wood Is coastoatly recurring to the 
neglect by the RcstoratioQ Court of 
• suflcrcrs' for the royal hooK. Wood 
476 oonliiits nine pamphlets about (he 



siifl'cringsofDavidJenfcins,Wood476(9) 
being ' Vencs in honour of the revcr«Kl 
and learoc<) judge of the law, judge 
Jeckina,' 1648, in which Wood notes: 
*yd out promoted accotding lo bis 
soflcrings at the tcstauralion of Charles 
II.' From thi« jnrtgc Jinkins Wood is 
supposed to have borrowed the expres- 
sion agaiiiit Clnrcndon which ted to the 
■enlnicc agniosc him in the vioe-chan- 
cellor's coQrt. 

' see Pcpys' Diaiy imder dates 31 
Jan. and 14 t'cb. t66|; Evelyn's Diary 
Ufidei data ly June ajid tS Sept. 1683. 

* old S. Paul's was andcrguing ex- 
tensive repairs when ibc 5rc came. 

• see Fepys' Uiary ondL-r date 36 
Aug. 1667 and Evelyn's Diary under 
dale IS Oct. 1664. 

<* I.ond. 1G31; Wood 489. 



33« 



WOOIfS UFE AND TIMES. 



thoigb t< toorettcb; the nme, to Mr. Robmson for ' Engluiti'* ' trininph,' 9^:1 
EQeMS, 6^.— ao, T^ I dunscd txaao booki with Mi. Forest for Somncr's * 
^dct ofC&nleibury* givlnc iCk/to boot — 9t, W.,ipciititBoi!icotc'»Txvem with 
my cozen John Dropc, 7rf.— 33, F., spent at the Crawne Ttrcm with Mr,<Maah«w) 
ilatlaaaod the Friday <i6 Nov.) bdbfc, U.— J4,S.,loMr. Adsmft for ' the Triall * 
of 39 rc^cids,' If fid. 

Norember. — TTie i of November, Th., 1660, died Mr. Jt 
Smith, gcntlcman-conUDOncr of Oriel C0IL, at one . . . Day's house 
a tailor in St. Aldate's parish, and vas boricd the same day at S. 
Marie's in the chancell at the upper end on the right hand of Mr. 
(John) Glcndall (p. 336). He was the son of Mr. Banhelmew 
Smith of Winton, esquire, and lately High Sherriff of Hampshire. 

[John* Sm>ih, gentleman-commoner of Oriel College, died of tlie 
imall pox at one Dayc's a taylor in S. Aldate's parish, Th^ i No». 
1660, and was baried the same day at the upper end of S. Mane's 
chancell, neare to the gra^-e of John Glcndall. He was the son and 
hcire of Barthelmew Sm>th of Wynchcstcr, esq., a Utile before this 
time High ShcrrilT of Hampshyre. Buried without escochcons.] 

Nov. 3', S., Henry Price, the son of Henr)-, n-as borne; and 
baptized, Th., the 8th day. 

[Godstow ' nunner}*, Su^ November 4, anno 1660. One JcffrTCS 

that keeps the key of this niinous place shewd me a little old chappetl 

standing in die garden, and the vestigia of an old cloister leading 

from Uio tower through the said garden to the cbapcl. He lold 

me it was called St. Leonard's chapel as dedicated to him, and that 

in the cast window thereof did stand his picture with this inscription 

under it : — 

'Ste Leonarde ora [iro oobt«,' 

and on each hand the portratctures of two abbesses of this place with 
this inscription under them : — 

• Pray for like good of Murgaret Tewkesbury uid Eliialiclh Bmiotoo, at 
of this place,' 

date . . . ^ I suppose rather it was soe, 

'Pray for Ibe good e*rtc of,' etc. 



' Wood 331; ao. 4 ; see note 3 p. 337. 
■ Load. 1640; Wool) 388. 

• Lood. 1660; Wood 569(3). 

* ttote ia Wood MS. F 4, p. 99. 

" tliU ii A note for Wood'a Re^ster 
of S. John &ipUst'> puiJL In Wood 
MS. E 33 It appear* Ibus :— ' 1660, 
Nov. 3, Henry l*ricc, son of Hcmiy 
Price, «aior cook of Coqi. Ch. Coll., 
and Catbciioc Corey his wife, was boise 



in one of the boiuM in the Pit yaid : 
baplin-d the 8th day.' 

* note in Wood MS. B if, made at 
the date of the visit; it is to Im coa- 
tTMted with the same note as snbcfr- 
qnently elaborated In Wood MS. E 1, 
11;^ p, 3j;9. E. R. Motts' MS. CoU 
Iccttons about Godston' are in the Uoogh 
MSS. in the Bodleian Library, 

' 'IuIkU dc iinL}iitOQ ^occurs u 



KOVEMBER, 1660. 



339 



as we may perceive in such old inscriptions. He told me moreover 
t}iat there, in the said cltapcl, on the north side, was Rosamund 
buried, but he is much mislalteo, for ihis was hoc buri}-ng place 
but only a private oratory to be used by tht'm in common ', and 
on high dayes ihey repaired to the great church, which is now quite 
downe and not one sione standing. lie shewed roe alsoc in ifac 
back side or the house toward the gate house, another little old 
chape!, which he said was called St. Thomas his chapel ; but I 
rather suppose (according to his inrormalion) it was S. Peter's, for 
at the U|)per end tlicrof there is two pedestells in the wall on \vhich 
as be said were 3 cocks standing, relating to Peter's denying of Xt. 
There is also at tlic upper end an alter of stone joyning to the wall, 
as also on the south side iherof a place to convey holy water, and 
many little places and holes in the wall either to lay books mtssaUa 
or beads, etc. This cbappcll, I suppose, was for there confessors 
to lake confessions of them : my reason is this, because it stands 
remote from the house and tu:are to ihe gate house, soc that they 
migt come in and out without coming through there nunnery. At 
the west of this chapel is a lodging which probably was for the preist. 
There is also a garden,] 

[Godstow', within the parish or precincts of Wulvercote, where 
was once a pretty nunnery ' (well endowed) once standing, but now 
nothing but ruins ap|K-arc ; such is the iusiability of earthly things. 

The lady Ednx of Winchester, of the worthiest blood of her name, 
was married to one Sir William Lancctyne, kt., and had i^sue three 
cliildren, namely one sonne called Walkclyne (first a monk of Kinshara, 
afterwards successor to Ingulphus in the abbacic of Abendon) and 
Emmc and Avice, of which two daughters more anon *. 

Lady Edyve after lite decease of her husband had a dreame as 



nhbcss) 11 Hmr. \1I (14971, 8 Hmr. 
VIll (1516) : Mnrgarcl dc Tcwksbnry, 
16 Hear. VIII (IS14), 36 Henr. VIIJ 
('124} • • • ^^ I'lcx pictorct re- 
niioed till 1G43, at what dme ibis 
aaiacry wu burnt ' : note in Woud MS. 
D ti(i)p.43. 

' i.c. Bl onlinary scrvi'twi. 

* this account is from Wood MS. £ 
I, loL 73. jVn cailier drari, which hu 
been colUtcd with this, it la Wood MS. 
Dii;i)p.i8. 

* ' for iiuni itf tbc older of S. Bene- 
dict' i» adticd ill WumI MS. D 11 (1). 



* tbU j)ro«ai(e ii £brgott£n in ihc draft 
in Wood MS. E i. In tliat in Wood 
MS. D 1 1 (>)• in tbc lid of Abhestcs, 
the protoisc is kept : — ' l^atly Eilivc the 
fouadrea wu tbc fint ibbcs iu.d 
£OTcrard it. with 34 liulict under her, 
for the sp-icc of 51 ycoret [.Wood notes 
in Uie luugio ' I doubt ihat '}, and 
died iu great sanctitic, .lod was buried 
in bcT owiie diufcb before tbc gnat 
alur. On her tombc was the cfligics 
of (a) vowes engraven, and so loii- 
tinned tiU tlic di5«oluuon. Emmr, Uie 
daughter, was pnoteu of the bouse in 



% 2 



3»<P 



WOOD^S LIFE AND TIMES. 



bf to bed. 10 'go to a place called Binsey/ or (as I find 
e) to *goe ncare Oxenford till slice saw a token from 
Old.' Acconfing to that dreamc shcc went, and dwelt at ninsey, 
i^ one oight heard this voice': — 'Edyve, Edjre, rise the(e) up, 
^id wUnot abrding goe tlie^c) there where the lyghte of hevyn 
^hihiMk to the erth from the f)TniaRient and there ordaync ibce 
■ncbons 10 the aenTce of God, twcntyc foure of the most geniyl 
^fini that ye can fynd.* Soone after she saw a light descending 
Ifoa ft price of ground, Ia)-ing low and encompassed mostly with 
pleasant streams. Ginng God thanks for the manifestation of his 
Ine and behig as it were owrjoycd with the discovery, she procured 
dat pace of land of Sir John St. Jolm '. In the gift of Godsiow 
by S. John, he gi\x(8) it ' to Edi'va sanclmom'alis and the rest of the 
BDZis congregated with her' (before she was abbess). 

Upon that pcice of ground, she, panly with her owne money and 
partly by the benefaction of others, began to build a pretty litde 
church ; which lieing finished, 'twas dedicated, by /Vlexander. bishop 
of Lyncolnc, on the vigil of the Passover anno 1138, to the Virgin 
Mary and St. John Baptist. At the dedication were present King 
Stephen (anno regni 4) a"'' 'M^nfl his queen, with most of the 
preblei and nobility of England. All which gave' then moneys 
towards the finishing of an house or covent, and* afterwards landa 
or yearlie revenews. 

Shee in the mcane lime, being the first abbess ", selected 24 virgins 
or ladyes to live religiously with her and consecrat tliemselves solely 
10 the service of God. 

The place where this church was built was then or soon after 



•i^S 



* TW MlbMitT tot this i< 'tbc 

]j^r t>w*i of Oodstow 

\W«ai«S.PiUi)p JO. 

j^ 2xi^ k bom tbe ' Enelub 

^ uaAloo NaaBcry.* An 

Wood .•— • El»- 

Ae« vu at her 

& Mfticaret'K 

^■•< tka had * tUIod 

_ ^ ^U u mbltcy for 

■ TV* U the ver- 
^ttt^ Wood MS. 






1,11 ]raa that ihe 



Wsli-rici j^Tc tbe site of Gotlslaw to 
the kin^> lod the king to (lotbtow ; mc 
my notes A.V. (ie. Wood MS. D 
"<")>P- 53' 

' Wood notci:— 'the severeU gifts 
mode to this nuonery by scvcrall per- 
sons, see my aotes oaikcd with A.V.. 
where ue some (quaere) that arc oot to 
MoDuL Anfil.' 

• ' and many of them,' in Wood MS. 
Dii(0. 

' Wood notes ; — * An imperfect cata* 
logne of these abbewt-s 1 have in my 
notes A, V. p. 40, 41 ; another more 
perfect, there also p. 57 — from both 
which may fl presume) be diawne a 
peWiect catalogue.' 



NOVEMBER, 1660. 



.34> 



knowce by the name of Godstouie, thai is, the place cf God or the 
place where God is ilaylit* worshipped. 

In the church of the nunnery of GodslOw was buried Margaret 
the wife of Walter, lord Clifford. By her, was buried Rosamund, 
her daughter, who died before her father. Waher, lord Clifford, 
husband to Margaret before-mentioned, was (as 'tis said) Imricd by 
her, after 17 King John O^^S)- This Walter gave to the nunnery 
for the ticalth of his soule and for the soules of Margaret his som- 
timcs wife and Rosamund his daughter ttic mill of Franton (Frumpton) 
in com. Gloc. and a litlic mcade la>ing nearc it, called LcchCon, and 
a salt pit at Wyche — vide Monast. Angl. \'ol. 2 p. 884 b. Walter, his 
son, called WaUcr ClilTord junior (who married the daughter and heir 
of Roger dc Cundi) confirmed the gift of his fatlicr ; and was also 
(as 'tis said) buried here, quaere. Rosamund his sister was in the 
flour of her youth concubine to King Henry II and afterwards a nun 
here; and dying about the ycarc (1175) was buried in the church 
here. Over whose grave' was tliia written: — 

* Hie jiwt in lumba Ros« mundi non rosa ntuntla, 
Noo tedolet Kd olct, qoae ledoIcEe solet*.' 



* the sUtemenU of writers «s to Iho 
place of her burial Wood fnuitd tcj can- 
iradict each other. Rnnulph Higdai 
in pLilfchrooico io Hear. II (cited tn 
Wood MS K 4) says :— ' *pnd Ood- 
ktow« prop« Oxonlam in tafituh nta' 
niaJiHtn scpnlta est cum talt epit&phio : 
— Hif joitt etc.* ChroDicoa JotuLDoi 
Brampton, p. llji (cited on ft slip io 
Wood MS. £ -i), ' Rmninuiul Imried i'm 
<apiluh iHffmaiium ' ; on wbicb Wood 
Dotei : — ' If fio how could Hugh, bishop 
of Lyooola, kc bcr be&fK wheti he was 
sCTTuig at the alltir: ibid. p. 13^5 't» 
tsld he saw it when be grayed a/ tfu 
high attar* In the text Wood Tries to 
solve the difhculty by tupposiag tluit 
her body was, whcD bUhop Hiif;b spoke 
out, removed from the chapel to the 
chaptei'botuc. 

> ia Wood MS. D II (I) p. 48 Wood 
notes : — * In a book intituled "Dives et 
J'aHper, being nn exposition on the 10 
co(iiinaodcmcnt9,"*piialedfttLond. 1493 
and WestmoaasL 1496: ^copies in Uie 
Uodlcian have prGssmarks) M . 1 3. 9. Tb, 
and D. 1. 13. Th. SeM. ; In the 6 coni- 
BiandiBCot, chapter 14, thus ;— " Wc 



rede thai in Englondc was a king that 
had a cooicul'iDc. whose iiame was Kcwe 
[Wood notc% in margin :— ' she wat 
called Kosamund in her lUc titnc, &s 
appcarcs by charters 'J ; and (or bcr 
great l>cwtey he clepcd bcr Rose a 
monde, Rosa ntundi, that is to sayt, 
Rose of the world. For him thought 
that &hec passed al wymcn in bewtye. 
Il bifel ihiU she dtnl and wiut tniried 
while the king wat abvent- And whanne 
be cim i^n, for grctc love tliat be hjul 
to yr, he wolde le the bodye in the grarc 
and w(b)8a the grave wtu opened, there 
snte an orible todc upon hir breste by^ 
twcDc hir tcetys, and a foulc adder 
bigirt fair body about in the midle. Add 
the stankc i»o that the kyng, oc non other 
tcjght stood to ac that oiyble nght 
Than the kynge dyde shctle agen the 
gmve and did wr)-te these two rccrscs 
upon the grave :^ 

Hie jacct in tninba rosa mnndj non 

rosa moiida 
Nee redolet scd olet qood redolerc 

soleL 
Merc lydhe io grave Rose of the 
wurUI, but not cicae rote 



343 



iVOOrfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



Hngh, bishop of Ljrncoln, afterwards called St. Hughe, being tn 
vifiting his diocess anno 1191, came to this place of Godstowe 
and going to the altar to do his devotions, observed an hearse, 
covered with silkc, with tapers burning about it, which the nunns 
at that time had in great veneration. He thcrupon enquired dC lh« 
gtandiTS by, 'whose it was'; and tlicy answering 'il was feire 
Rosamund's whom King Henry so dearly loved and for whose sake 
he had been a munificent benefactor to their poor house by giving 
larg revenewes for the maintenance of those lights,' he replied : — 
' Take her hence, for she was a whore, for the king's affections to 
her were unlawfull and adulterous; and but)- her out of the church 
with other common people, to the end that religion be not \ilifii-d 
and that other women might be terrified from such adulterous 
practices.* TiV'herupon, as some say, ihey removed her into the 
churchyard, but I rather suppose they laid her wiih her ston-coffin 
in the chapter-bouse, where she contmued severall yeares. At length 
her flobh being quilt perished these chast sisters put all her bones 
ill a perfumed Ivaihcr baggc wliich bagg ihcy enclosed in lead and 
tayd them aga.inc (with her stone cofTm) in the cliurch under a larg 
grave stone on which stone as 'tis said was engraven ' Hicjaai,' etc., 
{ut supra), quaere. 

John Leiand in his Itineraries made about 1542 (tempore Henrici 
Vni) saith that ' her lombe at Godsiow nunnery was of late taken up, 
and was a fair larg stone with (his inscnptioa Tum&a Roiomumh* 
Her bones were closed in leather and thai leather was closed in 
lead. When it was opened there was a veric sweet smell came 
out of it. 

In a note of Mr. Thomas Allen, somtimes of Gloccsler Hall, 
who died 1632 aged 90 or thcrabouis, I find that the tom(b)- 
stone of Kosamtuide Clifford was taken up at Godsiow and broken 
in pciccs: upon which was entercbangeble wcavings dra^mc out, 
and decked with roses red and green, and the picture of a cup out 
of which shee dranke the poyson given her by the Queen, carved 
in stone. 

At Bildwas Abbey in Shropshire was for severall ages religiously 
kept a cope of this lady Rosamund's working of needle work. About 
the skirts wherof were written these words : — 

' Rosattmndt CUBord pnpriis nuuiJbas mc fecit.' 

Sbw unendh not swetc but stjml^cth — Thii Is a simple ftorf, and inTented 
full foulc tliBt snmtymc smcUcd hy the commciiUtui. to fTight women 
full twtte." bvax commitlii^ adaltcry.' 



KOVEMBER, 1660. 



343 



At every place where Rosamund's body rested between Woodstock. 
and Godstow King Henry 11 caused a cross lo be set up. Tltcre 
was a fair cross set up by, and wilJioul, Toll Bridge (thai is, ihc bigger 
of the two bridges tliat conducts the passenger to Godstow) next 
to Lower VVuIvcrcotc and Porlmeade, and on the cross were these 
verses ' written : — 

* Qni meat blc. ont. signora nlotu adortt 
Utqnc ubi dctui veoiam Rosamtmda piecetur.' 

King Stephen by his charter granted to these nuns a fair to be kept 
for three dayes* space at S, John Baptist tyde. Il was kepi by this 
cross and multitudes of people resorted llierunio- Tlic bridge ' next 
to thai cross was called Toll Bridge, as before. 

Rosamond ' was wont to say that ' though shee was a concubine, 
yet shee should be saved.' 'How shall wee know that?' said 
scvcrall of the nuns. 'Why,* said shee, 'if that tree' (pointing to 
one that bad green leaves on it) ' be turned into stone after my death, 
then shall I have life among the saints in heaven.' Within few yeares 
this (as my author sailb) came to pass. And the stone was com- 
monlie shewed to passengers at Godstow even till tliat house was 
dissolved. It is now shewed at Woodstock *, but it is not that stone 
that was shewed at Godstow. 

R«nclpb Hyg<lca* in bii Polycbronicoo (pdntcd io English, 1537) foL 389 ■ >— 



' see Clark*! Wood's City of Oxford 
"■•MO. 

• ibid., pp. 354, 576, 

* Wood 401 p, ; ht the ballad en- 
titled 'A mournful ditlf of tlie Lady 
KosamuDd king Uenry the eecoodSi 
coacnbioe who was poytoocd to death 
by Queen Eknor in Wooduoost {tW) 
Bower Dure Oxford,' bccinniDf; ' XMieo 
as King llcnry ml'd this land | The 
Kcond of Ibat nsnit:.' 

• note to Wood MS. D It (i) p. 47 : 
— 'Qnacre Dr. <Roben> Plot's book of 
Oifordsbirc who uith (liut faUe) that 
'lU at Woodstock.' 

* brought in here into the text of 
Wood MS. E r, from Wood MS. D 
It ( I ), u directed bya n)ari;:inal note. 
The Latin text is found iu Wood &TS. 
E 4, dted from a MS. by Twy»e (M.S. 
ucb. Seldca lupra 79, p. 1^3), who 
giTtk tliis cxplaimliiMi of the 'coAier': 
— ' CUtun anicm banc RuMinortdi [sic} 
credo fuisfic spcculi gams, dc cnjtu 



stnictnra ta qaodam wteri ^TS., sic 
lego : — " Sfttulmm im ijua, h/k viitt, 
offorehtmt muUae ima^ms uttyvenfet 
u- Accipe piiidetn b<n>e piutundain, 
ct poue in fiuidu ejus specalnni oom- 
jDone, scilicet coavcxum. Puatca aodpe 
6 Tcl 7 alia specula convcxa. ejusdem 
quARUtatis, et atmtdc pltunbum illonua 
quod c&t io parte coaeava com cohello. 
(Sciaa lumea ()uo(l Taldc tacdioscm at 
abradere totnm plumbtun mtinde, doc 
rractione vitii: idvo si rclis bene nuin> 
dare cl removcre plumbnin, aocipe ar- 
gcnturn Tirum, ct innngc cnm co ploin- 
bam leriicT a spcculo.) Qnae cum bene 
(uerint mucdata, pone ca la pyvde, iito 
modo laiuco quod stent obliqi» io 
j>yKidc et hoc secuudum situs divenos : 
•inod lie £sc)et; nam cum priaittm 
^jccnlcm potitnm faeiit in foado, pooes 
secundum t]>ecu!iim ut Ulus unnm ad* 
bacicat primo tpoculo ct Ulus opposl- 
lam distt-l ab co |wr onnm diginuD ct 
lie oblique pones in pyxidc; supremo 



344 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



' RoMUDond, concabinc to King Henry 11 mu buried tn the cIinptcr-hons« nl God> 
■tow. TbtB wcDcb lad a little coffer £'d>ta' ia the I-atin text] scarsly of tiro Toot 
loag nude bf a vonder-craft thai is yet sroi therp. Thnin it scrmclh that t^iiuits 
figbt [' coofilctiu pQjyilam 1, bcMtK cunlc [' gcstns ammaJltun *], foote flee and 
fjrsh leap, without any mnn's monng.^ — To tliiK fnyrc «Tach the king made at 
Woodstock X dumber of wonder-craft slyly nude by Dedalut work least the qtwea 
should find and tak« Rouunund.' 

This nunnery was valued al ihe suppression to be worth per annum 

274//. 5i \d ob. 

Dr. <Gllbm> BttiDct'i BlBtory of the Rcformatloa of tbe Chorch of England lib. 
3 anno 1538 p. 338 : — 'The Visitor* for religious places when they wcrcabont to 
be dissolved did intetceed earneitly for the nunnery of Godstow, where Acre was 
great strictnrw of life, aiid to which were most of the yotig geiitlewonicii of the 
coQotry Ecac to be bred : so that the gentry of tiic country dealred that tlK Idiig 
would spare the house, yet al) was uneflTedaall.' 

In the yeare 1660 being very denrous to survey the ruins of this 
nunnery, 1 got one Jeffryes, living at Wulvercoie, hayliff to Da«d 
Walter, lord thcrof, 10 shew me iheni. Tie had me into a little 
old chappell, imirelie then and since standing in the garden that 
belonged to the nunnery. This chappell, he told me, was dedicated 
to St. Leonard, and tliat in the east wbdow tlierof (which containca 
3 narrow lighis) were standing, before tlie nunnery houae was burnt 
downe Maii 23 anno 1645, the painted piciurcs in glass of St. 
Leonard, and on one side, the picture of Isabell Draynton, and 
on the other, of Margaret Tewksbury, somtimes abbesses of the 
nunnery, in their Benedictine habits, and crosier^s) or pastorall 
slaves in their hands. Under them was an inscription running to 
this effect : — 

* Piay yee for the good estate of Isabell Brayntoii and Margaret Tewksbvry^ 
abbcssca of this pLace.' 

Out of their mouths came a scroll and in that scroll was written : — 
' Om pro nobis, Sle I^ooardc.' 

This chappell being at some distance from the house, there was 



pones snnm spccnlnin nititidatcin, at 
prius, rccte et nun oblique ; et ilit apta 
ea bene nt non vldcntor nisi suprcuitmi 
spciruSuni. Tont: si inspidas speculum, 
videbis in eo tot .imagines quot suut 
ftpccuU ; H circumvoivas speculum, 
Tidcbis qnalitcT iiuogo una *eni|tcT stet 
in medio ct in ono situ, ct carierae 
imagines circomcanc enm ac si irrint ad 
tripudiam."— lla Mr, (Thomas) AUeo 



ex quodam vcteri MS. libro de A*faHit 
tl ii^rrf/MexDcrpsitfftcmihi [' B{riaoo) 
T(wync),' added by Wood] tiadidit.' 
It might be worth while for some one, 
puMeiued of mechanical ingenuity, to 
try whether this old optical toy might 
not be revived. Wood refers to 
'Naturat History of Oxfordshire, \f<j 
Dr, Plot, cap. 9 parogr. 144.' 



NOVEMBER, 1680. 



545 



formerly, running under the wall that parts the housing from the 
garden, a cloister to convey the nuns from their mansion to the said 
chappeU, some vestigia of which were then remaining. He told 
roe that on the north side at the upper end by the altar was buried 
fair Rosamund, and there, saith he, is the stone cofSn wherin her 
body was buried: but the relator of this is much mistaken, for there 
was nCT-er any person buried there, the chappell being onHe for 
privat or secret suffrages, and the great church for buriall. In the 
said chappcII are two stone coRins laying at the upper end. without 
planks or covers to them; but these to my knowledge were about 
3 or 4 years before that lime !a\-ing open in llic ground in tlkit 
which was somiimca llic churchyard. And I have K-cn sevcrall 
times told that Rosamund was buried there in one and her father 
and mother in another. But these laying to every man's veiw, 
Jeffryes thought it more commodious to him to have them removed 
in the said litUe chappell, and accordingly conveyed them therto 
a little before the king's restoration ; so that being under lock and 
key, yeilds liim many a 6*/, which before did not. The great thurcb 
(wliicli stood at tlic ea.st side of tlie tower which mostly yet stands) 
was, I presume, only used by the nuns on Sunda)s, Holy days and 
their Eves, and other solemne times. But not one stone (not so much 
as any foundation) doth remaj-ne, or hath remayned in ihe memory 
of roan. From within the precincts of that church liath been dug 
up several] stone-coffins (of which those before mentioned were two), 
imployed for an infimous use, and undcr\-alued by the vulgar. They 
were not layd deep in the ground, onlie so farr, that the plankc 
that covers them 



(which n-as of this forme 



I) 



should lay even with the pavement of the floore. And upon most 
of those planks or plank-stones, were engraved in thcro, or embossed 
or convexed a cross from one end to the other g| - — *i . Such 
1 have observed not onlie here, but at Osney and in Merton Coil, 
Church. 

At the first entrance into the nunnery (which was through a large 
gate, with lodging roomcs Over it) was beheld a faiie spacious court. 
On the right luuid or south side of which stood the nunnery, which 
had a fair portico leading into it On the left hand or north side 
of the court were a long range of buildings that reached from one 
side of the gate-house or lodge, to the west end almost of the court. 
In ibis range was a little old chappell, which as JeR'rj'cs told me 



34fi 



It'OOiys LIFE AND TmES. 



was caHed Sl Thomas cbappcU ; at Uic upper end or which I saw 
two pcdcstalls on which as be told mc were standing the portracturca 
of two cocks canxd in stone. There at tJic upjwr end also I saw 
OD altar of stone joyning to the wall, and on the south side therof 
a place to convey away into the ground holy water, and many bol< 
in the said wall dther lo lay in them books or missals or 
etc. At the west end of this chappell were certaine lodgings for 
a pTcist or preists — so that I pre±>ume this chappcII was used by 
guests, travetlen, pilgrims, poor people, that daylic come to this 
place; for other building?^ wliich jo)'ned to those of the preist, 
were, as I have been enformcd, for their use and reception. Jc tfrj-es 
told me that there had been a ring of bells in the tower, that David 
Walter lias a platforme or prospect of the nunnery, and many writii 
belonging to it. After my diligent survey of this nunner)- I look^ 
a prospect of its ruins a copie * of which is in notes A. V. (i.c Wood 
MS. D II (i).> 

I have seen a ballad of the life and actions of fair Rosamond and j 
Eling Henry II ; and a song of the breaking downe of Godsto\ 
bridge and cross, beginning as I remember, thus: — 
•Godstow bridge is broken downe.'] 

[Nov. 7', W., Convocation, wberin Waller Dayrell (MA. Ch, Ch.), 
Thomas Lamlugh and Thomas TuUic (Bac. of Div.) were created D. 
of D. by vertne of the king's letters then read. Lamplugh had before 
been created M. of A. and I think Tully also. Francis D.-ivies of Jcs. 
and Thomas Smith of Qu. Coll. (B. of D.) were in the said leners but 
Davys being then absent was not created till (ai May i6<ii>i ^"^^ 
Smith, being in remote parts in the north, either looking after a 
prebendship of Durham or the deanery of Carlilc, could not come in 
person, and therfore witli leave from the Convocation he was 
diplomaied, T., xi Dec. following. This person was created M. of 
A. and Bac. of Div. and (hough a scholar yet he got his degrees (and 
preferments, they say) clancularly, as Lampluge didj 

Nov. 8, Th., 1660, obiit Walter Waferer, . . .' et socius CoU. Novi, 
Ct sepelitur in clausiro boreati. 

[Nov. 9 *, F., Sir Edward Uyde's installment to be chancellor of the 



' this ilrawing is oot now foand in 
Wo«xl'9 MS. 'A-V.' IVfixed lo MS. 
Knwl. B 408 (• ihc Engliih Idger book 
or Godstow') u n drawing of 'Godxtow 
DDiuicTy tAlcca (lom the Llut 1666* by 
^Vood, which b probAblj ukhc dabo- 



ratc than the taissint; drawttij;. because 
on lai^er page than MS. * A.V.' 

* QQtc in MS. llodl. H)^ p. .^3. 

* ft space is left for Wafcrcr'* degree. 

* note in MS. bodL 594 pi 33. 





.r" 

f 



-e=^ If^iiiiiiligj 



% 







NOVEMBER, 1660. 



347 



University at Worcester house. The body of the University made 
their procession from the Savoy to that place, and after tlic vice- 
chancellor went Accepted Frewcn archbishop of York, Gilbert 
Sheldon bishop of London, John Warner bishop of Rochester, 
Robert Sanderson bishop of l-yncoln, George Morley bishop of 
Worcester, and ^George Griffith) bishop of St, Asaph.] 

lo Nov., Sat., a spectruin at Magd. Coll.; see in the one yeare of 
"Annus Mirabilis" p. 46 '. One Robolham* of that house used lo 
play such tricks. The Tcrrat fiUus or ( N'athaiiic] ) Greenwood the 
pro-proctor had it up the next yeare at S. Mary's *. 

tNov. 1 1, Sunday, the canons and students of Ch. Ch.* (the deane, 
Dr. (George) Morley, was absent) began 10 wearc surplices and the 
organ playd. Great reson by the rout; and Dr. (John) Fell then, 
and afterwards when he was deane, Itept the dore. 

The II ofNov. (2isl Su. after Trin.) the canans and students of 
Xt. Ch. began to weare surplices and tlie organs ptaid. Great 
flocking (the d(ean*) kccpt the dorc), as aftem-ards • ai St. Jolui's, 
Magdalen. 

Nov. 13, M.. r66o. obiit Thomas Hobbes, . . .' et socius Collegii 
Novi ; et sepelilur * In claustro ejusdem Cotleg^i austral!. 

Upon the graves of the said Waferer (jiupra) aud Hobs are writ! 
W. W. Nov. 15, 1660. 
T.H.Nov. 16, 1660. 
It is 9oe when the stones were laid. 

[Thomas' Hyde, vide Almanack 1661, in Jan., e Coll- Nov.] 

1660, \ide Hist(ory"), a sickness in New College [this " month 
and in Dec. and January following. The fellows had leave if ihcy 
pleased to go home.] 

[Nov." 39. Th., Thomas Lockey B.D. of Cb. Ch. and Thomas 
Hacket B. of D. of (Trin. Coll. Dubl.) were created D.D. in convo- 
cation by vcrnie of the king's letters. Richard Franklin, of Qu. ColL, 
{was created) D. of Physic also by venue of the king's letters, though 



' ue the passage cited Id Dloxom's 
Keg. Coll. Mogil. ii. p. cixJ. 

' Cbatlcs Rwbothani, dcniy of Magd. 
Coll. i659-i6<J3; afterwards of New 
C. ; Bloxjim's Keg. ColL Magd. toL r. 
p. 338. 

* Le. fa) bis speech at the Act. 

* Wood notes : — ' soine colleges had 
bcfnTc begun ; other places followc<L* 

* proleptic : Ur. Juha Fell is mnuit, 
who became denn oo 30 Xov. 



' see ii*frti p. 357. 

* a blnnk lc(t far ITolw' flegree. 

■ see Glitch's Wood's Coll. tod lialls, 
p. J17. 

* added at a later date. 

*" 1.C Gutdi's Wood's Hist. Univ. 
Oxco. vol ti p. 70S. 

" the wonls ill sqnare bradccU arc 
added fiom MS. Tgumcr loj fol, 
'47 h. 

" note in MS. Dodl. 594 p. 33. 



WOOD\ 

he never suffered id tbe least for his cause. Georg^ Brereton of Qu. 
Co!!., son of William lord Brerclon, and Thomas Stalker, of the said 
college, were created M. of A. by vertue of the king's letters. The 
latter I know not; the former never suffered anything for the king's 
cause, yet, because he was a lord's son, got into a fcllowslup of Alls. 
Coll., whtrrc S|Mraking evilly of Sheldon archbishop of Canterbury and 
Ralph Snow they found means to eject faitn tlicnce (because he would 
not enter into orders); but being aficrwards in orders, John Cozens 
bishop of Durham gave him a prcbendship of Durham. In the king's 
letters for Macket was John Reading, B. of D., somtimes of Magd. 
Hall, mentioned, to be D.D.; but I do not yet find him created. 
Edmund Hicks also was afterwards created by vertue of the said 
letters.} 

tNov.' 30, F., S. Andrew's day ; Dr. John Fell installd dean of Ch. 
Ch.; strickt in holding up the college discipline; 4 times in a day at 
public service in the cathedral, twice at home ; loved to have tales 
brought to him and be flatterd, and therefore the most obnoxious in 
his house would clioose to please him that way to save themselves. 
These pcrson^t lie favoured more ; allowed them the chambers that 
Ihey desired, allowed tliem pupills, his countenance — while the sober 
partie that could not or (would) not tell talcs and flatter were brow- 
beaten. The college was so much at his beck that he 0ew further 
and endeavored to govern the University, 

I, by appointing such vice-chancellours that would be ruled by him, 
and 

3, by bringing it so to pass that no man should be a chaplaine or 
have preferment at court or under such iMsliops that wctc Oxford 
men, but such that had letters testimonial under his hand ; and those 
that expected such letters would be at his devotion. 

He had a haud in all public elections and endeavoured to promote 
his owne men, iho not so fit as others. He had a fond conceit that 
none could (lispute l>etter than a Ch. Ch. man, none could preach 
belter, speech it, or any thing else. He was exceeding partial in his 
government even to comiption; went thro thick and thin; grasped 
at all, yet did nothing perfect or effectually ; cared not what people 
said of him ; was in many things very rude, and in most pedantical 
and pedagogical, yet still aimed at the public good. 

lie, (Jolm) Dolben, and (Richard) jVllcstryc endeavoured to 



' tlus note abonl Fell is rrom ■ loose 
»lip ttuuked u foL 148 of tbe old 



paging, fol. 78 of the new. In MS. 
Taimcr 10a. 



NOV,— DEC. leeo. 



349 



reduce the University to that condition as it stood in Land's lime : 
which, if true, is very ridiculous, since 'twas quite changed and 
{a)noilicr diing by the many mutaLions it suffered in the broken 
liiucs. 

{He Vi-as) a frequenter of sermons at St. Marie's {but would) 
sleep in the afternoon ; (a) frequenter of exercises in the schooles 
{but would) connive at dunces of his owne house. 

December.— I. S.. spent with Mr. {Matthew) Hotton »t Bodicot'i, 8rf.— 4, T., 
for 'the ' Relation of Mr. rctnoot,' ^d. — S, S., to Mn. Borhnjua for (a) score, 6n^ 
— 16, So., for a pint of wine for Mr. (Mutthcw) Hnttoti, is. — 17, M., paid my 
battlci^ 4^. — 18, T., for two Almftoadcs, 91/; spent with Mr. (Matthew) Hutlon nt 
the Crow(n) Tavcra, lorf.— 35, T., spent with John Cropc Btt the Mcremiid 
T»Tcni, ij. — iS, ¥; paid my barber, 41. 

Decom.b6r, — In the beginning of this mounth, three tides in a day 
at London. 

fDcc. I, S. ; anotJicr Creation. 

Dec. r, S., obiit {Johannes) Alley, sodas Coll. Novi, et sepelittir 
in cUustro australi. 

Dec. 3, Su., obiit {Ricardufi) Edmonds', socius Coll. Novi, el 
sepelitur in ckustro boreali. 

Dec. 3, M., the warden and fellows of New Coll. broke up house ', 
allowing every one a portion to maintaine himselfe elscwher till such 
time {as) the sickness is ceased in their house. It is thought it is the 
spotted feawr or purples *. — They had only leave, if they would, to 
depart to their homes having such an allowance allotted them. 

The 4 day of December, T., at half an hour past la post merid. 
died Mr. Clinton Maund, fellow ofMcrt. Coll.; and was biuied tlic 7, 
F., in the Coll. Chapel. He bore to his annes ^ * g{ules) on a bend 
ar{gent) between 2 eagles displayed or, 3 lozenges of the first' 

[Clinton Matmd', Mr. of Arts and fellow of Rlcrton College, borne 
In the county of Firmana in Ireland, the son of a lady but descended 
of a gentile family of his name at Chesterton neare a mercat tovne 



^ Wood D 35 (5) * A most ccrtdoe 
uu) tnte relation of a stmnge maraXet 
or serpent found in the left ventricle of 
the heart of Mr. John rpnnant,' by 
Edward May, Loocl. 1639. Thisvolumo 
(Wood B 35) cootabu 33 papers and 
tracts about monstcts, apparitioas, etc. 

■ ttt Gntch'i Wood'i ColL and Hall« 
p. 3i<». Rtdianl EJmnm)*, B.A New 
C. 3 May 16^0. 

' corrected ia the second part of the 



note. 

< it this a description of malignant 
* acarlf t fever ' ? 

• Wood notes of this coat, ' GUie ' ; 
ace next pan^ph. 

* note in Wood MS. F 4. p. 99; 
Wood gives io colonrs these arms: — 
'aznrc, on a beod argent, between a 
CAgles diijilaycd or, 5 mascles of the 
field,* {ttie anal of Maood to. Oxford). 



350 



WOOEfS UFE AND TiMES. 



called Bister in com. Oxon, died in hia chamber in Morton College 
the 4 Dec. 1660; and was buried in Mertan ColL cboirc^; sine 
prole.j 

tDec. S, S., lightning and thunder : see ' Aiunis I*" Mirabilis/ 
p. 49. 

Dec. 17, M., VTilliam Powell, fellow of New Coll., died of ihb 
disease al Sam. Pocok's bouse, and was buried at New Coll. in the 
north cloister at the west end. 

Dec. 19, W., a play acted at Glocester J^lall, cald ' the Ordinary,' 
[out" of spite]. 

tDec. 20., Th., (Convocation) about the Mayor's oath : see ' Notes 
from Convocation' p. 35. 

Dec. 20, Th., died Mr. . , . Wills, A.M., socius Coll Trin.; et illic 
in capclla scpelitur. 

Dec. 22, S., Princess of Orange buried. 

Dec. 28, P., being Innocenti" Day, the lord Downc' departed this 
life at Mr. Arthur TilUard's house, an apothecary in S. Marie's parish 
Oxon, at ... of the clock in the morning. Vide * Catalogue * of 
Nobility buried at (Oxford).' 

[Thomas Pope ', cari of Downc, died in the house of Arthur 
Till)'ard, an apothecary living in St. Marie's parish 28 Dec. 1660; 
and was buried in ^Vroxton church by Banbury in com. Oxon. He 
married Ehzabeth, daughter and one of the licires of William Duttoa 
of Sherburne in com. Glouccst. esq.; by whomc he had one only 
daughter named Elizabeth, first married to Henry Francis Lea of 



' Wood MS. E 33 adds :— * bnricd 
b the cholie ngninkt his sUll, with 
cscocbcoits.' Cltntoa Maood't wiU in 
the form of a. letter was proved in Ibc 
nce.ch«iiccIlor'i court by his mother 
Anoe BIcocrhassctt ; — ' Dcarc mother 
I have givcD Mr. Fowcll 5//. for a 
Icgadc and also to Mr. Kowell 5/1. in 
cue Mr. Powell see Ihnt he hath stnted 
mil accounts right between him and mc. 
Bdeere all that Mi. Powell doth tell 
70D for he will not ly. He directed by 
him and he will not o[iea my tiuxicke 
but give yen the key first. For my 
estate I make you my sole executrix 
sod yuu rany divide among yoar dul- 
dreo, I am yet your lovingtOQ CUatoa 
MAond. 

In the presence of John rowell. 
MAfcaret lUU ht:r mark.' 



* the woirds in sqDiuv brackets are 
nddeil in MS. Tanner lO) fol. 151 (So). 

' Sir Thomas Pope, )od earl Downe. 
In MS. Tanner 101, Wood notes'aodie- 
tim«s of Ch. Ch., quaere.' 

' i. c. Wood MS. r 4 : which soj^ks 
the following paraKraph. 

" coles in Wood MS. F 4, p. lOO. 
Wood ^tci in coloon the anns : — 
'per pale or and azuie on a chevroa 
hetwecfi 3 giiOins' heoi'.t etaoetl fMu 
lleur-dc-liz all cunntereluui^etl ' ; al»o a 
pencilling, partially inked over, for the 
crc&t ' two griffinii' heads erased ad- 
doncd or and azure ducally collared 
comtterdtaoced.' Wood's pcdtj;ice of 
the Poi« family, lorn out of Wuod MS. 
F 5jt ^whcTc it was ful. ij; b), ia now 
in MS. Kawl. U 807. f^. 15 b. 



DECE.ITBER, 1660. 



351 



Dilchley in com. Oxon.', baronet, and aflenrards to Robert (Bertie) 
earl of Lindsey.— Henry Pope, a j-onger son of Thomas (Pope) earl 
of Downe, died in Triiiily Coll. (of which he was fellow-commoncr) 38 
June 1665, act 19 et supra; and was buried al Wroxton by Banbury: 
his hatchment hung over the college gate. The said Thomas (Pope) be- 
came earl of Downc after ihe death of the former ^vho was his nephew.] 

About the' ist Dec, died Mr. Pedle at Grenford, com. Middlesex. 

tSeveral creations in this month. 



[Marmora " Scldcntana set up a little before the Act time, anno 1660.] 
(In this year, 1660, the Principal and Professors of the Colkge in 

New Aberdeen * asked help from Oxford for the repair of their 

buildings, destroyed by fire. The broadsheet about iliis is found in 

Wood 423 (35)) 
[The ' consecration of Bishops this and following years, see m Dr. 

Crouches* ' Notitia' Angliae ' edit 1679. Crouch of BallioL I have 

them among Mr. (Andrew) Alhm's notes.] 

[The * boua bead in hsatd 'bear I, 

Dedcdk'd with bays and low-iDiLry 

Aiid 1 prmy yott. Masters, merrr be 

Qootqnot estis in oonrivio. 

Ck«nu. Caput Apri deliiro 

RcddcD& laudes Iteraino. 



' substituted for : — ' of Qtuwcndoa in 
Socles.' 

■ < the 1st ' sabstitutcd for ' the 10 ' 
— but no imlictttioo wiicther i&t of Dec. 
or of Jan. fnLlowing. Perhaps for * t isl.' 

* lius note is found at Uie b^itming 
of the Almnnac for 166a. 

* Wood 376 \ no. 411 is a copy of 
the Iheacs to be dbputed in King's 
College Aberdeen on t ) Jaly 1660 ; 
perbaps the dc-pctatioo bioti|;fat tbc 
paper with them to show in Oxfoi<l the 
ataodiid of their dc^^rce exercises. 

' this note is a later addition on n 
fljr-lcftf of the Almanac. 

* Nicholas Crouch, of Ball., did not 
proceed beyond M.A. whicb be took on 
t6 Dec. t$4t. 

' probably one of the editions of 
[Edward ChamberUyne't] ' AitfliM 
Notitia? In Wood 566 Wood notes, 
' the firzt edition came oat, 1668, Svo, 
the BOthot'l Bsioe ooDcenlcd ; ifac !€<on4, 
■669 [Svo], tlK auLbor's name to it; 



third " Angliae NolUia or The present 
Slateof Englnnit "... Edward Chntnber- 
laj-ne I>oiid. x(Af) [Sro; Wood 566;!)] ; 
X\\c /outii edition, Lond. ifijOjSvo'; 
the f/tk cdiiion Lond. 1671. The 
Second fart of AncUae NotitLa, edit. 
Load. 1671 is Wood 566 (3). In 16S3 
came out (Lond. i imo) the fourteeath 
eililioo of the first part with ndililions 
by Pbllip A}TCS and the cktentb. cdttlan 
of the second part. A Latin rernoa ta 
Thomas Wood's ' Angltac Xotllia slve 
prscscns status Angliae socctncte ena- 
clcatna,' Oxon. iti86, 8to (picss-mark 
' Bliss a, S.io'). Wood 568 represents 
one of the iraitations of it — * Scotiae in- 
dicnlnm or the present state of Scotland ' 
by A. M[oodicl, Lond. 16S3. 

* note in Wood M.S. F ai, fol. 151. 
Tbe words of Ihe sot^ are not in Wood's 
band, being a eopy tnpplied to him 
probably by some member of Qwcen's 
College. The comment is written by 
Wood on the bade. 



33- 



mCilifS: 



^k37S - - -1/^ - 




isa 



bBK:i ^Mff- 3cai^ jowni X- :tBKa\ s ai s i jreat' .SttrgBr 



a w-xm - 



IK £2B3s ior Jt ±r 




'■lantr a& 



avi Biaes jesd iias :ik i ^L ntn . rn u :iie iszii 3aie n hiiiiium i 
-mil HE iT :i)E Tuwir'v Tm g u ES -via .ais ob iaaii qm -j^- 
'Mvp ■ Tie Tjoci^ smes ifc jbucsu ss^ mi -wtK^ ;j^^ 

ajcerfsc" SEHX ance i. Tjh is m mnr*ir asnnae. b j^f :c""is 
"V:,:,! .cr :cu r~-T is — T'^e *u^^ ~ii:em rrivnil^- ;^ -^^ 

■Vyi Jiiiii STiser^e:: :iir —71: ii=^ Toe 5c*-:n.i :r" jmr aanoe,' 

Oxrcri. / 

'Msca ' lixcr ±je ime ia; K-nT Cz^irjes II -¥^5 r^storeii Dr. 



7r,'- *r.'\tt.X x.^'tStt ■.', v.r'.n^ x \xixri 
h'-''! )-. •',' iit.'. '/!■ ' r.ri.'rr.** 'I37 wi* 
''.ti'j u- vf /M A >t«v; weighing 70 H>. 



larf -_ij WM :3:^^~i, :n i 3iiBi-»c siItct 
-iisc liii *- bt-itfci'i wrfi ba.Ts ami 7,3,^- 

lerni^^-ansi. i; .^ctisl^ts £=^xg die 
\fAZ% head -anl.ziic iolo ot wiica»as 
r^fieTC: cy >[r. — . I: iz^tteuaentlv 
iVjTsied th« chiei' liisa 1; tic Collsige 

' r^u b Wooi M:?. E ^i, I'oL 2^ 



DECEMBER, 1680. 



^5$ 



I 
I 



Peter Hcylyn came to the shop of Mr. Thomas Robinson a stationer 
living in S. Marie's parish, and asking the apprentice ' where ' his 
master was within?', said 'No,' adding that 'if he had any business 
with him he would be pleased to leave his name.' But refusing that, 
bid the prentice tell his master that ' the doctor that could not read 
was to sj»eake with him.' 'What, Sirt' replyod the prentice, * are you 
one of the Doctors of the late times?' (meaning, 'were you created 
1648 ?■) — at which Dr. Heylyn seemed much pleased.] 

fCudcslow*. I remember since the king's restauraiion. was rented 
this farmc of Cudslaw of David Walter by . . . Banister, an accounted 
jew or at least an anti-sabbatarian ; who never going to church was 
oAen complained of to Sir William Morion of Kidlington, kt., one of 
the Justices of the King's Bench. So that he taking the matter into 
consideration would have forced . . . Banister to come lo his church, 
and so consequently have Cudcslaw to be in the parish of Kidlington : 
but Banister denies it and saith that Cudstow is in no parish ^ [ 
remember there was a great deal of stirre in this matter, but how 
ended I know noL The house that is now standing is a faire stone 
house, built about the begirming of Car. I by Sir John Lenthall, 
Keeper of the Upper Bench prison. In the windowcs of the parlor 
of the said house are the anncs of Lenthall, with quartcrings.] 

+ * Detection of (be conrt and cluiaclcr of England ' etc., by Roger Colce, tol. a, 
lib. 4, CAp. t , p. [II :— ' In ' the jollity of the kUij*'! reitoralion. all lorU of inea 
(even the factiomy endcavoared to imitate the jtrofuic [irodigitlily ami lusiiry of 
lb* ooUTt : which ficsiCK entertained .-uiy but upon Ihote urds. To humour the 
Uag the pablick theaters were stnlTed with moat obiceoc scttoBk ami tntcr)D<lc«, 
and the mirtfc ubaccoc pleased the king better, who gnced the opcutne of thejn 
with bU pretence at tbc fint uoiice of a new play.' 

I-The" stale of the University in OKver's time: — spraying and 
preaching too frequent ; practicall divinity most in fashion ; excellent 
di^utaiions and much zealous cournng. After the King came in I 
never heard of any that were troubled in conscience or that hung 



' Le. wbethci. 

• note in Wood M& E 1, fol- 77. 

* Wood ootea :— ' the trath U thli 
fariDe or huniet was lo the ptiiab o( 
St. Edward <ia Oxford), bot apoo the 
decajr of thai chtireh. mon, if out aQ, 
tbc pvlfh wu inormi:!! U> the parochi^ 
cbncb of S. Ftideswydc't, which b now 
Cb. Qmrcfa. And lincc the \m\Amg of 
Cb. Ch. note part of thit which waa S. 
Edvaid's pariitb it iocladed wiibia ibc 



UnsUi of that place/ Sm Cltfft'a 
Wood's City of Odord, li. p. 5S, 

* qvotcd \rf Wood, in MS. Tanner 
lot, p, 144 (£pL 73 of tbe new pa^pag] : 
witb a tcCereoce to ' a looae paptr b 
the Almanac for 1685 to Fcbr.* 

* a<4e OB a Uip HatkAl aa p. 147 
(fol. 77> io MS.TanM> loa: tbe allp 
ts p«n of an rnvrlnpi* witb tbe ad- 
drea :—' Tbeae liar Mr. Robol Jarwu 
(cUcMT of Motm Colledg km OifonL* 




A« 



354 



WOOTfS LIFE AND TIMES, 



himself, as in Oliver's time when nmhinff hut prajrinpf and preaching 
was used. Francis Horion, fellow of AUsomIs College, troubled in 
conscience (formerly of Ch. Ch.) for giving money for his fellowship *. 

t The ' Royil StxTKTty ^wms) ftmndet] tbi» yoire : tide ' C«t. lihrornm et MSS.* 
pp. 98, 99, 100. Before yon draw out the annalh see Mr. ^Ttiomas) Sprat's 
' Hislury of Ihe Ruvall Socictif' (Loud. 1667, ^to) and the answen of (Hcnry^ 
Slubbs* wherin yon'I find many Ihicga of learning; (Joseph) fJIaa^illV* ' Ploa 
Ultra'; (Henry) Stubtx' ' EfasloUry' discuurae of phlebotomy'; Wharton's 
wid Sanniicrs' Alnianscks. — The Royall Society and their endearotir to rcfonne 
the Ecgtish tongDC, sc« a Jitllc pamphlet in folio that I have in my other ttdUy. 
Vide in iiKJice for ' Royall Sodrtic ' in ' Catalogue of my bookef.' 

tThe Koyoll Societic instilntcd thifi yeare — the Untvenitic look cpon it n< 
obnosintts; they desire to confcrt degTces : the Univcrwtie nicke against (thU). 
(Henry) Stubs writci a^ictt them : Dr. (John) Kell favucn him. 

+ Henry Siubb apinst the Koyall Societie, vide Glanvill'* ' Prelalory* anfwer'; 
vide I page of the preface ; his rnyling against tlie Royall SiKietic. itii«l. pp. 4, 
14 ; against the bJtlory of it, ibid. pp. 37, 195, The Koyall Society rlndtcated, 
no eolmie to Universities, ibid. pp. 70. 71 ; yet see in .Slul«' ' Reply' to a letter ' 
pp. 4^ 44 ; what the Royall Society according to the foandatioa of it ia to doe, 
Me in the taid reply p. 60. Many dislike of it and leave, vide preface to the 
reader before CmnpaniUa*. Henry Stubh, 'Legends* no bistoiies' against the 
Royall Sciclcty. see his dedicatory epistle to both the Universtties. Sec af>et thai 
epiille a specimen of the animiiilvcrtioni on the history of the RoysU Society. — 
* A'*vindicadoQ of the Koyall Society wherin ibcir Innoticnt dcslgoes are layd 
open" — I have it. 



' see in the 'Colleges of Oiford* 
(Mcthitcn), 1^91, what Mr. Shadwcll 
says in Oriet College (p. 1 16), and Mr. 
Omin in All SonU (p. a:?!. 

* notes on loose slips now marked 
as fol. 81, S), 116, 117, Its in MS. 
Tanner 103. \VoDd collected the printed 
list of members of the Royal Society in 
varions years from 166,) lo 1694 : tbey 
are found in Vr'ood 176 A, no. 193 sqq. 
That fot 1694 is endorsed Toi Mr. 
Anthony Wnod to be delivered to the 
Revd Or Chatlet." 

* Henry StiiMie's ' A censnre WfXA 
ocrtnine passage* cortnincd in the His- 
tory of the Royal Society,' Oxford, 
1670, 4to; Wood 6^o()'': second edi- 
tion corrected and enlarged, Oxf. 1671, 
4tn ; also in Woo<1 640. 

* Joseph Glanvill's ' Pln« Ultra; or 
the progress and advancement of know- 
ledge sJnee the days of Atiitollc,' Lood. 
1668. 8to: Wood 681. 

* Load. 1671; bonndopwithStubbe's 



' The lord Bacon's reUtion of the sweat- 
ing sickness examined,' Lond. 1A71. 

• Joseph Clanville's * A pracfatory 
answer to Mr. Henry Stubbe ... his 
animadversions on Pins Ultra,' Load. 
1671. 8vo; Wood 667. 

'* Henry Stnbbe's ' Reply onto aletter 
of a virtuoso in opposition to A etHsum 
ufifitt ttitaint passagu cMiiaiiuJ im lit 
History of the Royal Spn'tty.' Oxford, 
1671 , 4to ; Wood 640 (6). Wood 640 
(3) is 'A letter to Mr. H. Slnbi coa- 
coming his Ct^ninre,' etc, Lond. 1670^ 
4to~to which it is a leply. 

' Henry Stulibe's ' Cnmpanella re- 
vived or an enquiry into the history of 
the Koyal Sodety,' Loud. 1670, 410; 
Wood 640 (8). 

• I.ond. 1670; Wood 640(1), Wood 
notes ; — ' This came ont ia Oct. 1669.* 

'" Wood 640 (4) is ' A brief vlodicA* 
lion of the Royal Society from the late 
invectives and misrrprcsertations of 
Mr. Henry Stabti^' Loul. 1670, 410. 



DECEMBER^ 1680. 



^SS 



tLatitudinarians ', in some respects like Independents in llic lale 
warrs. 

tDr.' Price of Hart haJl, prebendary of Winlon and (aa tiiey say) 
Master of S. Crosses Hospital! *, quaere. 

(_Noies * m the Universiiy at and afUr the RestwaHon.'^ 

See all particulars acted 1660 and before in my little black book 
on the desk. 

For some time (after the Restoration) till the Act of Conformity 
came out, the presb)'terian preachers Ubored much and lr)*ed to keep 
their disciples togcnthcr, and to strive by their fluent pra)ing and 
preaching to make the other way used by the preUticall ridiculous. 
And really had not the said Act been published, which brought over a 
great many of the said part^, they ^ would have found themselves 
much wcakned, and especially for this reason, that this (1660) and 
the next year (1661) the prelaticall (who were then taking care of 
gaining preferment) did let matters goe at a Strang loose rate here. 
The cheifcst of them seldom appeared In publick' (which made many 
thitik that they d(a)red ^ not) but deputed some sorry person, which 
made the matter worse: seldom disp(uted). 

Some forbcare to send their children to the Universitte for feare of 
laving orthotiox principles infused into them : breed them at home 
by one who either instills into them principles of faciion or aihcisme. 
Others also send them beyond the seas> returning home also factious 
or atbeisticall or papisticall. 

(iS/eu!?' ^ the University after the Risloraiton.'^ 

It now remaines that I should say what was done by the persons 
restored to make themselves and their doctrine acceptable. 

The first matter they looked after was to restore all sljjnes of 
monarchy In llie University, the Common Prayer and surplice, as I 
have before told you ; to put themselves in the most ciact prelaticall 



* note on R tlip now mnrked fol. 
116 Tcno of MS. Tuner to). 

' note on r tlip now mArked fol. ti8 
of MS. Tanner loa. Theodore Price 
was principal of Hirt Hall 1604-16)1, 
prebeDtlary of Wlndic^tn i^^l^^l. 

' Wood ha« B liKl of some Mutcrt 
of a CnMs'i Hospital in MS. £ 3, fol. 
M7. 



* thcK note* ue from ttray ilipt 
now at the bcBioning 0/ Wood MS. 
F.V. 

' i.e. the Chnrch of Engtiud (the 
' pTclilical ') party. 

* I e. to prcwb in their turn, etc. 
' •« note I pa([c 357. 

■ note* in Wood MS. F 31, W. 
lo, etc. 



A a 2 



35fi 



WOOZfS LIFE AND TIMES. 



garb thai might be, to encourajtc others, especially the intcrvall men ; 
to reduce llic Univcrsilic to the old way of preaching and praying, 
and make the intcrvall way (which was long, tedious, too practicall, 
with puling, whining, ugly faces) neglected and ridiculous and to be 
avoided by tliosc yong preachers initialed in the Presbyterian and 
Independent principles. 

And that they might draw the \'ulgar from their prcacliing which 
they as yet exercised in some churches, nay, in houses, tltey restored 
the organ at Xt. Ch., Magd., New, and St. John's, to which places 
the resort of people (whether for the novelty or what els) was in- 
credible for a time. (On the other side, the Presbyterians and 
Independents endeivoured to make these things ridiculous either in 
common discourses or some idle pamphlets that ihcy caused to be 
dispersed, sUling the organs the ' whining of pigs,' their prayers and 
preaching ' so fonnall and superstitious that if one word was displaced 
they could not go forn-ard but begin againe.' Their surplices also 
they made so ridiculous that some of their disciples that were speakers 
in the Act following made a May-game of surplices, that * the devill 
appeared several! times in a surplice in Magd. Coll. cloysler ' : nay, 
some varlets of Ch. Ch. did one the 21 Jan. this year {i.e. i66f) go 
about II or 13 of the clock at night* . . . ) 

To restore formalities and habits much neglected in the late 
intcrvall ; but the exact size of them, viz. of bachelaurs' and under- 
graduats' gownes and caps not till Dr. John Fell's \-ice-chancellorship 
as in that year 1 shall tell you. 

And, that they might go just antipodes to the intcrvall time, not to 
hinder, (but) to indulg or connive (at) walking or sports or drinking 
on the Lord's day ; — to connive or pass, not to punish, swearing or 
drunkenness or wenching. 

To sufTer the men of the late times to be abused in common 
discours, in the streets, nay, in llie speeches at Act lime. 

To lake away lectures at St. Marie's, on Tuesday mornings" 
{which was about the beginning of 1661); to make the taking of 
notes after the preacher ridiculous ; so also the singing of psahnes 
afler supper on the Lord's day in some families. 

Their preaching fonnall, not at all aedifying, verie trite sometimes: 
their praying the like, not fcr\*id and with rcall 2eal. Their disputing 
dull ; (they were) non-plus'd oftentimes by the inter\-all men. 
Nothing well done but by those that had their breeding in the 

■ io the sGcood draft, in/ra p. ^8, Wood nsnstct tliii oatnge ia full. 
'leep. 159. 



DECEMBER, 1680. 



357 



intervalL TIic IruUi is, they ^ic. the Cavalier students) had lost 
their U-aroiag in the IntervalL 

But being taken of(f) by looking after preferments this year', few 
preached ilieir turnes. but got others (of the iniervat), or dull country 
parsons). Exercises loosely performed; lectures few. 

Preaching on llie King's fast this year none would do it, but (they 
■were) faine lo get an inlervall man' lo do it. 



{^Siate* ^ iht University ofUr iht Rrsloraticn.y 

It now remaines that I should say something (i) of what was done 
by tlie persons restored to make thcmsclws and their doctrine accept- 
able to the people, and how by some dispised. and of their learning ; 
(2) of what was done by some of the old scholars that had weathered 
out the times from 1648 to this year and of some juniors that had 
been cntred into the University in that intervaJI and had been 
disciplin'd in the Presb>tenan and Independent wayes*. 

The first matter, therfore, that the restored persons looked after 
was to put themselves in the most prelaticall garbe that could be, and 
the railier, that they might encourage others, especially those of the 
interval!, to doe the like ; to restore all signcs of monarchy in the 
Universitie, the Common Prayer, surplice and certaine customcs, as I 
have partly before told you ; to reduce the Universitie to the old way 
of preaching and praying; to make the intervall-way — which was 
long, tedious, and too practicall {not without puling, whining, and 
ugly faces) — neglected and ridiculous and especially 10 be avoided by 
those yong preachers initiated in the Presbyterian and Indei>endent 
discipline, which they saw encltmng much (for hopes of preferment) 
to the prctaiicall. 

And that they might draw the vulgar from the aforesaid praying 
and preaching which was still exercised in som churches and houses 
they restored * the organ at Christ Church, Magdalen, New, and St 



*■ \. e. iti6o-4Sf. A nurgbal note 
here: — 'wbethcr dctcTml U<aa cum- 
miiig uoder the ceiunic of the intcrvall 
TDC&,' — Higgott I difTctoil iirasoQ for 
thcii Don-appcarancc, viz. thai th«y were 
*o teiiMble of tlieir infcnority lo tbo 
Psrilaa prctdiert that they did not vcn- 
torc to face criticism nud ccinQpiul<u>n. 

■ John Dod of Ch. CL, ten infm 
p. 360. 

' note lo Wood MS. F 31 foL 11 : 
oo cnlaiged dmft of the piccediog i)oCc&. 



* « third head followed :—' (3) of 
the Univcnitic in the interval ntid what 
endcaronrs were matte to (Icstroy and 
ptcKTve it ; and of ihme membcisthca 
and there ptcdominant, ttwir chatactcr 
and discipliac,* but 1 tnar^inal note 
directs this to be pnt earlier : — ' to be 
brought ID {in Gutch't Wooil's IliiC. 
Univ. Oxiin.) iii tlie Ultei end of 1659.' 
Sec iupra {l{^ 291-301. 

* a nia[][inal note say*. — 'vide No . 
i(i6o.' 



35« 



iVOOD'S LIFE AND TIMES. 



John's ColIegc(s>, logeathcr with the singing of prayers after the 
most anlicnt way : to which places the resort of people (more out of 
novelty. 1 suppose, than devotion) was infinitely reat But the 
Presbytfrians, whos number was considerable, seeing their disciples 
dayly faJI ofT, endeavoured to make these matters ridiculous eitlter in 
their common discourses, tibeils, or some idle pamphlets Uiat they 
cause^I to be dispersed. TTiey compared the organ to the whining: of 
pigs'; their singing, to thai of a jo\iall crew in a blind ale-house. 
They made also their prayers and preaching superstitious, and starcht, 
and soe formall that if one word was displaced 'the spirit could not 
help them forward but must begin againe. <They made) the sur- 
plices to be very hypocriiicall because worcn by such persons who 
were slovens, scoundrells, dmnltards, etc., who on one day appcare in 
their owne colours and on another full of innocence and meekness. 
'I'hcy brought it to pass also to make them ridiculous in several! 
speeches spoken in the Act the next year by such that had been 
initiated in their discipline, and to make the auditory beleive that the 
devill used to walk in a surplice scvcrali nights in Magdalen College 
cloyslcr. Naj, some ^arlcts of Christ Church were so impudent 
(whether set on by the Presbyterians or no, I know not) to goc 
on the a I January this yeare 0^^*2) ^bout ii or i3 of the clock at 
ni^ to a chamber under the common hall (where the choirestem 
learne their grammar) and thence to take away all such surplices that 
they could And : and being so done, to throw them in a common 
privy house belonging to Peckwater Quadrangle, and there with long 
sticks to thrust them downe into llic excrements. The next day 
being discovered, they were taken up and waslied; but so enraged 
were the deane and canons, that they publickly protested, if tlicy 
knew ihe person or persons thai had committed that act, they should 
not onlie loose their places and be expelled the Univcrsitic but also 
have iheir cares cut off in the market place. The Presbyterians were 
wonderfully pleased at this action, laughed hartily among themselves, 
and some in my hearing have protested that if they knew the person 
that did this heroick act they would convey to him an encouraging 
gratuity. Soone after came out a ballad or lampoone, made as 'twas 



' thii rcprtutch to the organ dM not 

c«ue tlicn ; we find it lepetUcd )u 1691 

in Alicia D'anvcrs' Atademia, p. ja, 

referring to Ch. Ch. : — 

• The c-gani set op with a ding 

Tbc wkite-mtn * roar uid wAitt-b«ys ' 

dag: 

■ L c the toipliced cboir. 



Rum, Hum the orsuns go, and did, 
Soiiietimes they tjtuei ottt like a 

Tltcn gvMU like a Turticjr ken. 
And then to Sum, Fum, Hum, 



DECEMBER, 1660. 



359 



reported by one Thomas Smith bachelor of Arts of Christ Church, 
Imitated ' Lowe's Lamentation/ or the lamentation of Edward Lowe 
organist of Christ Church— tlie beginning of which %-as this : — 

* HftTc plttv oa tti all, ^ood Lairds, 
For snrrljr wee mn nil nncleane ; 
Osr ntrplicct uc dnub'd whli tlrdc, 
Am] ckc wc havr b stiittm Dc^ane* 

The next matter was to restore formalities and habits, totally tn a 
manner neglected in the intervall ; bat sleeves' and caps {were) not 
reformed to iheir exact sire till Dr. (John) Fell became vice-chancel- 
lotir. When Dr. (John) Owen occupied that office in the interval!, 
he was a great hater of them and would alwaies come to Congregation 
and Convocation wtlh his hat' ; quickly imitated by the gencralUty of 
Ifastera. But when Dr. (Jo'^") Conant succeeded him (which was 
by the help of his freinds purposely in opposition to the Independents) 
he wore them' in those places and endeavoured that the Masters 
should follow him ; but many of them, cspeciaCy those of Christ 
Church, and particularly Jlr. Kdward Bagshaw (a restless, hot-beaded 
person), declaimed so eagerly against them in a full Convocation— 
with his hat cock'd — that the modest vice-cliancellor sate downc in 
peace and said no more. Those that abetted Bagshaw in ihis matter 
and (were) set on by (Dr. John) Owen, were Mr. Charles Pickering, 
Henry Bold, and Henry Thnrman, with others, who upon the change 
this yeare, forgetting their former actions, were the most ready men 
to cring to and $er\-e these times : such is the frailly and baseness of 
humane nature. 

These things being done, the next matter was to make tbose 
persons and their taking of notes at sermons ridiculous and not to be 
any way advantagious to the present mode of preaching. Also the 
singing of psalmcs adcr supper in some, and the repetition of sermons 
in most, families, on the Lord's day to be works of supererogation. 
Which practices tliat they might by degrees vanish, the strictness of 
the Lord's day was mitigated, that is to say that people might loyler 
about the streets in sermon lime, sit upon benches and bulks and talke 
idely, walk or ride into the feilds, drink in taverns and alehouses, etc., 
— all which were accounted damnable in the interval!. 

Then, the taking away of lectures aa that at St. Marie's on Tuesday 



■ * gownes,' corrected to '■!<»¥£• ' ia cap). 
tbe margin. * i. D. the * forTDalltiM,* the ' cap 

' i.e. Dot in a 'ticncbct' (college aod ^own * of academical drea. 



36o 



wood's UFE and TUfES. 



morning', that at Allhallow-es preach'd by Br. (Jo^"^) Conanl*. and 
others: not only that such lectures in the nation had been fomenters 
of the late rebellion, but that at present (they) did continue and 
nourish faction. 

Their suffering may-games, morrises, rcvclls, etc, on purpose to 
vex the precise parly, stagc-playes as well by Acadcmtans as common 
actors, drunkenness, swearing, wenching, etc. . Their ccnniWng at 
abuses done to the Presbyterians, and Informers in the late intervall. 
whether in common discourse, libell, open street, or public speeches 
in the Act. Their silencing conventicles, imprisoning the speakers in 
them, while they connived at (as the said ppeakers were pleased 
to twit them in the teeth) the meetings of papists and scvcrall prcists 
thst came to, and from, (he University, and such like, needless now to 
enumerate. 

As for the learning of these persons thus restored you cannot 
expect that it should be much, because the most part of them were 
forc'd in the intervall to gaiue a bare livelihood, and therfore so far 
from entrcasing llial knowledge lliey had, that they ratlicr lost it 
Some, 'tis confest, but yet few, preached and disputed well, but the 
generallity not; which made the Presbyterians take great advan- 
tage upon their ignorance, either by exposing them as in severall 
disputes in the Divinity Schoole, or giming at them in the church,' 
with a scornfuU repetition afterwards among their absent brethren of 
what had been said by tlicm. 

For some time, till llic Act of Conformity was published, the 
Presbyterian preachers laboretl much lo keep their disciples togeailier 
and to sirive by their fluent praying and preaching to make that way 
used by ihe prclaticall party ridiculous, .^nd really, had not the said 
Act taken place, which drew over very many to their party, they 
would have found themselves much weakned ; and especially for this 
reason that this and the next year many of them being absent Erom 
the University either to get, or settle themselves in tlidr, preferments; 
matters went on very loosely here ; — viz., that lectures and disputa- 
tions in Divinity were scUlome performed, and in the beginning of 
Lent Terme this yeare there was no Laiine sermon, no Divinity 
disputations, no Doctor of the Qiaire, and none for a considerable 
time could be got to preach the fasl-sermon on the 30 of January. 
Ai length lilr. <Jobn) Dad, the proctor, one that had been educated 
in the intervall, undertook the work with some promise that it should I 



' Bt J a.m. ; icc JW/ra p. ifj. 

■ go Friiliy momings at 7 Ltn. ; mc 



Gutcli's Wood's Hbt. Univ. 0«]n.ia,; 
p. 645. 



DECEAfSER, 1060. 



361 



goe for part of his exercise for Bachelor of Divinity : yet these people 
dij not give him his degree, bui (he) was forced to suppUcat the 
Chancellor in 1663 (vide 'Notes' from Convocation' p. 45). They 
seldome preached but got others to do it for thein, which made many 
think that they would not venter to do it for feare they should be 
disrellisht and find not that applause u-hich the Prcj^bjlerians and 
those educated in the intervall did. There were some hackney 
preachers in ihe University at this time, who for inon(e)y (40 
sliUlings) would ascend the pulpit al any Ume for tliose restored: and 
I remember that Mr. John Vincent, a boon companion, of Christ 
Church, did often protest that Su Alaric's pulpit was worth above 
lo/i. per annum to him. 

As the lectures of Divinity were neglected, so those of the Civil! 
Law'; and what was done at all. was by a deputy. The Medciiic 
likewise was neglected, while the Professor* llierof (who liad cringed 
to the men of the interval)) was not onlic selling himself in the 
wardenship of Merion College which he most unjustly obtained, but 
also (in) an estate* belonging to a regicide lately purchased. And 
as for the Greek lecture, me reader' therof (who deserved ihis pre- 
ft-rraeni, as* his many olliers, which was not at all) read scarse one 
lecture from tliis year till about 1664, and then when peopie crycd 
shame on him, got a deputy' to do it who deservedly succeeded 
him. 

2. As for the old scholars *, many of them seemed now very sorry 
for that they did not partake of expulsion in anno 164S. And why ? 
Because tliat by their keeping in and stooping to Presbyterians and 



' i.«. MS. Bodl. S94, wbcie Wood 
notes: — 'Apr. 29, W., 1663: Chancel- 
Ws Itrttcn (were tead in Coarocalion) 
fur Mr. <Jubn> Dod of Ch. Ch., l«te 
proctor, to be admitted B.D. for a mi- 
moQ be bad formerly preached.* 

' a laATi^iriiil note refers to 'black 
book, ji, 14.' Richard Zoncb was pro- 
fessor in 1660 ; Mccccded in 1661 by 
Cil« Sweit 

' Thomas ClajtOD. 

* Kc ift/ra p. 399. 

■a margiiuil ooie «:— '(Jo«ph) 
Crowtb(ct); black book. p. 14.* 

* i. e. ' as (mucb as be did) hit many 
othcn.' 

^ William Levinz: be niccecded 
Joiepb Ouwtbei (both of St. jubu'* 
Cvltc^) in the Uicdc profesKinbip uu 



34 Nov. 1665. 

' in this part of the leit iodic pas- 
sages aic insetted fiutn an earlier, but 
in patt fuller, draft found in Wood MS. 
F 31, fol. 4. The preface totbat draft 
is as follonrsi — 'This rout of Presby- 
terians and Indrp<rnde»ts being le|;nlly 
made (i-e. by the Klii|;'t Conimis- 
lionciv), ibongb not complcatcd till the 
Act d( Conformity look place at Uor- 
thdmcw-tyde i66a, it wtti not I>e amiis 
to lake ntjticc of the carriage and be- 
haviotir of tom« of ihose old scholars 
tliat had ke|)t tlieir places all the late 
timeft, ami of some yung (tcholan) that 
had been initialed in the Presbyterian 
dlKtpllne and were now lo play their 
games for preferment, that Is, Malously 
lo tbew thcaisel^tft preiaticall converts.' 



36a 



WOOD'S LIFE AND TmES. 



Independents ibey could not cow have any pretence to look after 
preferment, while ' their juniors which had been then expelled had 
most of them considerabte dignities conferred on them. Tlicy 
cringed to, strivcd to get favour from, thoite restored and in authority ; 
apologized for their running nith the times and* (were^ ready to 
take all opportunities to tell how that the royall parly had their harts 
and wishes in all their hile transactions but (that they) were afraid to 
shew it Ic'ist they sliould injure themselves. And if all this would not 
lake effect, they would employ a second or tlurd person to do It, with 
sdvantagious additions. If any bishop or deane came accidentily to 
the Universitie, who but they were ready to wait upon them and 
receive their benediction : if atiy great temporall lord that was in the 
king's favour did make any approach, who but they were ready to 
attend him. In a word nothing was wanting to make ihcm plausible ; 
and all tliat was done was mccrly for preferment least their juniors 
(which was one cheif cause) should overtop them. Among' theae 
worthy persons — not that I shall make a full repetition of them — 
vere : — 

Dr. Paul Hood, the old dissembUng puritanicall rector of Line 
Coll., who endeavoured to be a Visitor ^i.c. one of the King's Commis- 
sioners) and {was) put on by (Richard) K(nigh)ily and (Nathaniel) 
Crew purposely that he might have advantage to tume out all those 
of his College thai had been oppo^rs of his Ailse doings. Who, 
because grown antient and therfore not able to run about and search 
for preferment, had the rectory of Ickford in Bucks conferred apoD 
him by the chancellor Clarendon, purposely as a reward for taking 
upon him the vice-chanceltourship anno 1660. 

Michael Woodward, warden of New College, who much craved to 
be a Visitor; «*bo though (he) cringed to the tale times in Uxfoid 
and Winchester {where he was a fellow), yet, because he was a man 
of no spirit, had nothing conferred on him but Brightwell rectory by 
WaUingford. 

Dr. Henry Savage, master of Balliol College, made what freinds he 
could to put (him) forward, and got a prcbendsliip of Gloucester 
and the rectory of Bladon by Woodstock. 



' MS-hM-whick' 

' iu another draft, this icntcncc goes 
on ■ and glad they were if they could 
f^'t a civil Ucat ftum aay of the dicifctt 

of them.* 



* in another draft: — 'these old 
schulare, not that I nhnll name eveiy 
fellow of a college (atnoRjj thcM I 
coold tuuoc tnany), were* 



DECEMBER, 1680. 



3*53 



Dr. Seth Ward*, who having been expelled ihe University of 
Cambridge for a good cause, had done well if he had but continued 
60 till tliis resuuration. But supposing perhaps Uie Presbyterians 
would carry all before ihem, made a shin by the favour of the 
Commiltee to oblaine one of th<: Savilian Professorships. With 
which not being concent, was ready to chop at other preferment; as, 
first, the principality of Jt'sus; then, tiie presidentship of Trinity 
College, which last he carried but alltogeathcr (by statute) inconsistent 
with his professorship. From which being ouied, did [by' cringing 
and money] gel, first, to be chanior of Exeter; then, bishop of that 
see ; afterwards bishop of Salisbury * ; and at length * . . . 

Dr. John Wilkins', a notorious complyer with the Presbyterians 
(from whom he obtained the warden&hip of Wadham) ; with the In- 
dependents ; and Cromwell himself, by whose favour he did not 
onlie get a dispensation to marry (contrary to the College statute) but 
also (because he had married his sister) Master of Trinity College in 
Cambridge. From which being ejected at the resiatiration, faced 
about and by his smooth language, insinuating preaching, fiaiieries, 
and I know not what, got, among other preferments, the deanery of 
Kippon; and at length (by the commendation of George (V'illiers) 
duke of Buckingham, a great favotuer of fauaticks and adiei&lii) Llie 
bisliDprick of Cliesicr. 



* ftRuu^al note uyt: — 'ooe that 
hud Ukcn the oattu be1oci{>lQ|; to ui 
M.A. of Cambridge; afterwards tbe 
CovcQAnt; nnd st length tbc tlngo)^ 
mcnt.' In MS. Tanner ^ad, fol. 371, 
i» A copy of ribald verses ia which Scth 
Wvd U mLligaed: — 

' Dr. Word Is false in mind 
BdI not soe to womcnktnd : 
For what hce of ihe tcoautt recciTcs 
He paycsaj^iilnc unco their wires: — 
lie aud !>. (Kalpb) BatborM wai 
ciiBght with a wench at Ihe Saracen'i 
head in St. PcUr in the Bayly. They 
pretend they wcat to receive rent of 
tcnanls that by there.' 

* Ihe wonls In u]uare hnckcU are 
liliAlcil out, (Mrilutps as luo plaiii'tpokiui 
\oT publication. 

' a marginal note snyi : — ' Dean 
(Thonuu) I'earce (of ijaliibnry) took 
all tbe o«tb«ft agtiac he look bciuie ibe 
warr." 



* Wood leaves the Kntence incoro> 
plete, that he might add the future 
progress, if any, of this dexterous prelate. 
lo a moigiual aotc he speaks of Ward 
as ' A pfime chapman, aod a person in 
at many games.' 

* a cuigioat note say*: — 'took the 
oaths of M.A. of this Unirersity before 
the warr; (took) all oaths olterwards.* 
Tbe intention of this note U lo siiggest 
that ' perjury * had been committed, for 
the oaths at M.A. iacluijcd the Oath of 
Allegiance to the King. The came point 
is raised in regard to the tnemben of 
thelxm^rBiliammt in a tly-sJiect, dated 
Uy Wood as coming out in March i^lf. 
fotind in Wood 376 A no. 143 — 'Ttuj 
oath of allcgtancc . . . whiish oath wa» 
solemnly taken by every metnbcr of both 
bouses of Parliament. Ramplandall. . . ; 
printed for the benefit of Uiose pcrsoe* 
who hare forgotten that they did oocc 
take thb oath, a. u. 1660.' 



DECEMBER, 1660. 



3*55 



ccrUinc tcmporall persons ' attending to the king. He is esteemed 
by those that know him to be a person of no sincerity, of little 
religion, and not to t% that scholar chat common fame reports him to 
be. No selea freind to any, but only so long as the person is in 
capacity to do him service. Certainly if St. Ruhtrt with tlie great 
head could rise out of his grave, and behold and know this his 
successor, (he) might' possdbly repent that ever he sate in that see. 

Dr.' Thomas Lamplugh. anolI>er that kept his fellowship in 
Queen's College after 164S, and that he might shew himself a true 
royallist, got to be one of the king's commissioners this year, and at 
length by flatteries and rewards shuffled himself into considerable 
spiritualities. A great cringer formerly to Prcsbyierians and In- 
dependents, now to the prelates and those in authoritie, to raise him- 
self and settle a familie. 

Dr. Ralph Daihurst of Trinity College, much of the humour and 
stamp of Ward and Wilkins before mentioned, chaplain to (Robert) 
Skinner bishop of Oxford before the warr ; but when he saw little 
hopes of rising by Divinity, studied physiLk, submitted to the Presby- 
terian power in 1648, kept his fellowship, and proceeded in his 
faculty. At length, the times clianging, re-assumed his old employ- 
ment, and by flatteries got (by putting aside an old cavalier ' that 
had suffered ejection) to be head of (lis house, chaplayne to bis 
majestic, and (by reward") deane of Wells, and at length ' . . . 



' Wood notes thcte in the mirgio : — 
•Sir Jowph WiUiairuon, sccreiiiry of 
state, somtlmet of Queen 'iCollegc : Mr. 
Henry Coventry, tlie other sMcetuy, 
tomtiniM pu]>iU (u 'lis wid) to Bftrlow 
tn Qocen's College.' 

* ' he would be ashamed that ever he 
ulc in the mm: of l.incolae ' in ui alter- 
nutivtf sketch. 

* ' tothescmaybcaddetl Dr. Thomti 
I^amplugh, who ihongfa not now a 
fellow, yet he had till lately kept hi* 
place and had made great complyancc 
with tlie men of Che times. A nnrtheme 
man, as Barlow, aod theriace not with- 
out grmi diuimutattoo. A forward 
man, allwaies sneakini;, [ill tty fmnds 
and money he had heaped np <^piritnall 
prcfennenta.' So \S'ood writes in the 
altcmatiTc ikctch in Wood MS. F 31, 
ful. 4 b. It may be noted Ibatiu Wjiles, 
the South in the same way ditliusU Ibe 



North, there being a South Wales pro- 
verb ' as uotnistwoithy as a Northman.* 
' I Icam from the Rev. li. E. I). 
Blakislon of Trinity Colle^^e that the 
reference roust be to JdsUs How B D. 
who was Domiuated with Balburtl for 
the prcsJdentfthtp. It w» the practice 
at Trinity for the College to send two 
names to the Visitor, who decided which 
of thetwOKhould l>e Pir-aideiit, generally 
deciding m faronr of t}ir candidate snp- 
potted by the majoiity of the fellows. 
Bathunt and How were the names sent 
op in 1660. How was five years Ecuior 
to Batborst ; H&d been ejected by the 
Pailiamentary Visilors in 1648; and 
was restored by the King's Com- 
tnistioners in 1660, being then teuioc 
fellow. 

* 'reward' it polite in Wood lor 
* bribery.' 

* couipore nole 4 page 363. 



3dtf 



IVOOirS UFE AND TIMES. 



Dr. John WalUs. a coraplier with the times ; keeps two places con- 
trary to statute, and so consequct)U3r cats up the bread of ancKber 
man- See in Almanack 1680. Li\TS upon rapine and peijury. 

Robert Sar ; Dr. ^Richard) Zouch, profesmr (of Z^w) ; Dr. 
(Waller) Blandford; Dr. Thonus Clayton, another poore-spuited 
feUow. 

As for the junior scholars trained up in the Presbyterian discipline, 
it cannot be im^ned what waves they took to express themselves 
rcail converts for the preiatlcall party upon this change. No man 
could e\-er think, that knew them in llic late broken times, that ibey 
could have the face or conscience to leave their old freinds and so 
openly and notoriously now declaimc against them and their cause. 
Those that hated a lavcrne or alehouse formerly, now frequent them 
and thrust themseh'es into the company of royallists (such that had 
fonnerty seemed scandakfus to them) purposely that the world might 
see their good wishes to their cause '. Another parly would strip 
them of their puritanicall cut and forthwith pot on a cassock reaching 
to iheir heeles tied close with a sanctified circingte. And though 
they lately haled a square cap, yet now they could dispense' with 
one, nay, check and perhaps punish those that neglected the wearing 
of one. Anotlter, that bore the faces of demure saints ', would now 
and then put out a wanton (iu plainc terms, a baudy) expression *, 
and, as occasion scrved\ a pretty liule oath. Anotlwr, that was the 
other day perfidious, knavish, and informer against the RoyaJlists * to 
the Presbyterians and Independents, is now face<l alxiut and become 
the same conditioned person for the Royallists. Another that would 
not drink or sweare' would take all opportunities to express his ^| 
civilities to die cheif of those restored. Nay, some to my knowledge 
have waited in places ihat they must necessarily pass through, pur- ^ 
posely that they might make long legs and scrapes to them, and if ^^ 
need be to lick up their spittle : but in the acting of these things ^ 



« In anolber draft in \Voo<l M& F 31, 
{i)1. f, this «tiience conclode* 'gooH 
w»hc» fot this change ; and be dniok,' 
and in t^c mu^in ift written the name 
• . Bnwe' : •« *'*f^ ^^'^^ *'*'* *5 
reb.i«6|. 

• 'bcir wit'> " • ""T' """ pcnun thow 
(if k lay in their power; that ncKtcctcd* 
jB tiie other draft. 

I I Aootbei that looked Minllike (or 
js if liBtter wool'! not melt in their 
a) *: Id the other draft. 



actmg 

* Wood's • AMim Saliam ' (Wood 
MS. iL 31; and Wood MS. F 31 fbl. 
I03-106), R collection of wittioiiai 
current in W*ood'B day, hu niffidcot 
evidence of this tone of eonreraaliofi, e^g. 
in (he Ullc of ' Robert Kyng, ehaplaio 
of Merlon Collie, ifiyfi,' 

* ' and, In common dtscoone,* in tbo 1 
other draft. 

* ' Cavelicn ' in the other draft 
^ ' Another that could oetther htj 

drank or cwear,' in the other draft. 



DECEMBER^ 1660. 

nothing became more ridiculous to the wary* olMwrvcr than to ace 
these wiflgions' over-do a ihing and that uncoolhly too, without the 
least suspicion that any person took notice of them. Som would get 
letters commendatory from ccrtaine old bishops (that never had any 
knowledge of tlwm in tlic University) purposely that the leading men 
of the royall party should countenance thera and take ihcm to be 
cordiall men to the cause '. On the other aide, the bishops and our 
leading men * wout<l endeavour to gaine xurh that had eminent parts 
in ihcm or whose relaiions had Iwt^n notorious ringleaders in the laie 
rebellion, give* thera degrees and preferments; while the royaliists, 
who as yet had only iheir fellowships and could not without money 
stir higher, cxclaime against such unworthy dealings. 

That parly of tJic juniors ' thai were preachers and educated in the 
said discipline of the Presb)nerians, ha\-ing better opportunities to 
express their affection to the prelalicall party, left nothing undone so 
that ^cy might seem episcopal!. At tlieir comming into the pulpit 
they knelt downe and used some privat ejacuIaUons, which was so far 
from being done in the late limes that it was ridiculous so to do. 
They left off their long cxtcmjwrarie prayers and conformed' to a 
short prayer with a formall rcpeliiion of those whomc they were to 
pray for and the naming of the person or persons (as if God did not 
know their minds), and for a conclusion the Lord's prayer llian 
which nothing was lately more ridiculous. I'hey quoted also in their 
sermons the Fathers and Schoolmen, and framed their sermons (which 
before were vcrie praciical] and commonly full of diie ') to a polite 
quaint discourse. But tlicse things being not as tlicy thought suffi- 



) 'wBiy snd c&ution»,* in the other 
dnft. 

' 'kc these apes orerdoe ■ Ihli^j 
and thnt reiy uocooLh too,' in the ixher 

dttTt. 

* the other draft adils, 'and lo they 
did.* 

' • tnibopi nod tome beadt of Col- 
lies,' in the otbcr <iraft. 

* the other draft has — ' to encourage 
them and at length get then degrees aitd 
Bplrltnall piefcnnents: veric greiviOM 
to those of the ftoyalL party that wcte 
mtored to (heir fellowships and conld 
not without niooey get higher.' 

* 'Thaw also of <tbc> yoag file that 
were,' in the other draft 

' 'coufuied thcauelvea to,' in the 



other draft. 

• Thowr wlio have ' sat under ' a Pres- 
byterian divine of the old school in 
nifHli-m S^'ollnnd will onrlerstond the 
• dire ' of this passage, ' the shaking OYcr 
the pit.' In another place (Wood MS. 
Fjijfol. iS a, Terto)Wood says I—* Be- 
tides also the fonnc of preaching oflata 
was come to that pa«e that uolcsa the 
preacher decryeil learning asttsclewand 
either aav'd ot damn'd all (thongh the 
latter was held mon phmsible, such was 
the people's love to cxtreamcs] . he was 
held to want l>oth gifts and n discerning 
spirit. Sec "A Vindication of learning 
from nnjnst aspeislont " etc. Loud. 
164(11, qiMrto, by anon. ; I have it*: it is 
Wuvd 11 94 CI). 



3«« 



dent to exprea the reallity oT ibeir conversion, they (al\ (lownerigl 
to railing against the Ute times and to paniculirizc also seven 
things then done. 

The most zealous of such persons was Mr. Robert South of Chrii 
Church, who first sided with Dr. (John) Owen his deanc and 
pressed himself so active * for the cause, that that Doctor bad i 
tentions to bring him into play under the Protector ; but the Protccti 
d^ing and so consequently Bttle hopes to be had thai way ', he sidei 
with the Presbyterians, and then contem'd !!o much Dr. Owen tha 
that Doctor told him plainly that he was one * that ^te In tlie sc 
of the scomfull.' The year before this, od the 34 July 1659, in ai] 
assize sermon* then by bim preached in Sl Marie's church, an 
when then alao the Pre9b)'terians began to lift up tbctr hcadcs, upon 
some foresight had of the success of Sir Georg Booth in Cheshire^ 
he took occasion to speak of the great disincouragemeni of teaming \ 
the oppression of the mimstiy, mine of the lawes, etc. ; also ' against 
the hypocrites and disputation of these times, with reflections oa 
colonell Union Croke and his facdon, who, in a certain house in 
Grand[ioolc *, kept a fast after dinner. ' It U an easic matter ' said he 
' to commend patience when there is no danger of any trial], or 
extoll humility in the mid&t of honors, (or) lo begin a fast after 



' ' lealous," lo the olhcr draft, 
'i.e. fiom the lodcpeiulentkfOf wbom 
John Owen wu the leadiDg mao. 

* a marginal note in the other draft 
says ' Ibis U printed : quaere that scrnuxi.* 
Kobert Sniith'i 'Interest deposed and 
Truth mtorcd . . . Two tenuoni.' Ox- 
ford, 1660, 410 : reprinted afterwards. 

* the Dthct draft adds: — 'ihal the 
UniwrutifS laid ml »takc.' In the text 
of South'a seTTnon he lays ' ihould . . . 
oar coUedges be reduced (not only u 
one in hit xeal would have it) to tArti, 
hat lo nrjnc' : on which there Is a mar- 
ginal note ' U(oton) C^rolce) a colonel 
of the army, . . . openly and frequeoUy 
affirmed the oseleMncas of the Uoiver- 
Nlies and that three Colledgcs wcto 
sufficient to answer the occasions of the 
nation.' 

* in the other draft :— ' He aim took 
an occasion lo (dl the auditory of sach 
hypocrites that pretended to fast, with 
Tcflection on major Crolce who, with 
hisfihcttuBfCclcbrated a fast after dtnocr.* 



The margioal note in Sooth's prfaittd 
•crmoa is * very credibly rrported to 
have been ilone in an Indcpeodaot con* 
gr«|^tioa at Oxon.' 

* coL Ciolic's own boBM stood ' hi 
the entrance Into Granipnle over ogainst 
the lower end of Christ Church ': scfl 
Reliquia* Hmrman(u, iii, p. 46. Dr. 
Dlisi notes that in 1693 colonel Unton 
Croke' devised his Graadpont hoase vis. 
" all that mansion boaic and gaiv'en in 
St Aldate's, (bounded by) the stnct 
east, part of the ri«r Thames w«« and 
north, and a gudeo soatb " to Mi ihtee 
(Unj>bten, Gracious, Charity, and 
Eleanor. Charity and Eleanor conveyed 
their shares lo Gracious, and she by 
will in 17J5, gave the preuise* to 
Eleanor, thtji Mrs. Glyn, who in I73» 
conveyed it to Dridf^tt Trigg, widow, 
anniher siller, who sold it in 1733 to 
WilL Hnyues, Inn-bolder. It was por* 
chased by Dr. houlkcs, the j.hyvtian, 
in 1755.' 




DECEMBER, leOO. 



3«9 



dinner' Further .nlso he said: — ' Let Christ and truth say what they 
will: if interest will have it, gaine must be godliness; if enthusiasmc 
is in request, learning must be incon«istent with grace ; if pay growes 
short, the University maintenance must be too great, etc' So much ' 
bitterness was then expressed against the Independents that his sermon 
was attacked by certain severe reprehenders, who, according to the 
then canting way of discourse, charged it as ' full of much wrath and 
darkness.' The Presbyterians were much pleased with the sermon ; 
and Dr. <Edward) Reynolds (late deane of Ch. Ch.) being then 
present, did in his going from the church embrace the preacher and 
told him that ' what laid in his power he would do it for htm,' or to 
that effect. From that time, and e!>pcciaUy on the diangc this yeare 
^ 1660), who but he', and who rayl'd more from the pulpit than hc» 
against both Presbyterians and Independents, telling his auditory of 
their wry faces, ill looks, puling tones, etc. ; and all to obtaine applause 
(and its consequences) from the prelalicall party. But, as it fell out, 
he was much mistaken : for, by his too much passion ' and his eager- 
ness to trample them under, the graver sort of royailists put their hats 
before their eyes or tum'd aside, as being much ashamed at what the 
yong m.an * did utter. Not content with this, he enformes the leading 
men of the restored party of the behaviour and manners of those that 
had been the prime men of the interval! and of such that had then 
kepi tlieir places, viUifics and scomes them, and leaves nothing un- 
done (sec 'black book,' p. 11) to engratiate himaeUe with the 
royailists. 

In this ofBce he had more of his house that were as zealous as be, 
namly, Mr. (Charles) Pickering, (Henrj-) Bold, and (Henrj-) Thur- 
man, before mentioned • ; who, though bibbing persons ", yet complyed 
so much with the Presbyterians and Independents that they kept their 
places ; and, on the change, acted like so many ProUi. 

The last of these persons made it no consciense to utter blasphemie 
in his sermon or sermons at S. Marie's ; and in one at Magdalen 
parish church ai OcL 1660 he said to this effect that ' though Christ 



* in the other draft : — ' In fine, he 
njrlcd »o mnch agointt the Indcpco- 
(IcnU then in power, aiid tritball tickled 
up the rresfa>-tenaas, that Dr. KBjrnoltls.' 

* 'who but Mr. Sooth,' in the oth«r 
draft. 

* ' rnyling,' in the othet dtaft. 

* ' this jrwig pngmatick/ in the other 
ilraft. 



* the other dnft hu s note :— ' These 
thfct mm were cajjei abettor* of Ed- 
ward Uaigthitw when the Uit year be 
stiffly nuiutalnfid, io open Conrocatloa 
before Conanl the vicechanccllur, the 
wearing of hats in &11 assembUcs.' See 

«'/'« P- 359- 

* 'thongh drnnluLrds,' in tfac other 
<lrmA. 



Bb 



J70 



WOOJyS UFE AND TIMES. 



Ad and could pardcn scariei sins, jct he would not, nor could not, 
mrdon stns of so deep a graioe as of killing a king/ and in (be con- 
clttWTO (see 'black book.' p. ii) said that 'be knew many of the 
auditory were ncH offended at wbat he had said In his sernion, and for 
those thai «rc, he did not care so long as ropes and sledges held 
good,* etc In a Tuesdaye's sennon also at St Marie's in the month 
of December (a little liefore they were put downe), (lie) said that 
' though craxy men coiiUl not aMdc drinking between mcales, yd 
they slioold not prcach or ttpcak against tliose that bad more hcallhie 
Indycs than tlicy,' etc. 

Another named Mr. Ed«*ard Ferrar', of Univcrsltic College (see 
'black book,* p. 13), who Iwd been an cnformer to and a sider with 
Dr. John Owen and the Indcixnidcnts. preached about the same time 
notbin}{ btit confuMon on these words 'Cut off their liands and their 
foct and haiiK lliem over llie poolc Hebron ' etc. 

Anotlier altio (Mr. J^ohn) Filzwilliams of Magdalen College) to 
BJiow bid scale for the chang (tho a notorious comptyer before) must' 
needs rrncw in bis preaching the Arminian tcnenis as they had been 
in the lime of Dr. Laud when he was Chancellour of the Univeratie. 
But llial being disliked by the Royallisls, as being one of the originalls 
of the Imc Iroiibles, <[b^) kiid them aside and acteil another way lo 
gainc faraur. However, he shcwd liimself so zealous a worshipper 
towards the east in his College chappell', that, overacting it, he 
became ridiculous. 

Scvcrall such unstable people were now in the Uniwrsitie — which 
did noi a little vex the Presbyterians and the Independents to see 
ebem so unworthily (as lliey thought) fall from iliem — buu being too 
muaerous to set ihcm downc, wilh tlieir foolish contrivances to in- 
troduce themselves into gnrat and comfortable prefcnneats, I shaU 
now (pass them over *.)] 

( Tht dispuk * about the oath 0/ tJu Mayor and Burgtssts of Oxford 
to tht Univtrsity 1660, 1661.) 

Oct. 1660, Mr. SuDpton Whiles nuyor of Oxford, hod teveral] perempturr »!&• 
noiu since Michnclmits Ust (nt wbkb time be came lato bis oJ&cci (bat be, ilic 

anil much that ti« thongbt be codU 
never do enough to make people have 
an atccm of hU real conversion.' 

* the Inst words arc conjectural ; the 
bottom of the Icif being destroyed by 
fnying. 

* »o*cs io MS. Bodl. 5J4, pp. 35 aQq. 



' tbe other ilraft add* :^' yoo majr 
know liim by hi* reel bcanl, n slabbcrct 
of Boyes.' 

' tbe etbcr draft has : — ' >-ny forward 
to pnaoh up the ArmiDiiLn tcncnu, and 
ia A manner to bc^^in a);aioc witti those 
CMibovcniei acted in Laud's time' 

* tlw other draft ndds :— * and so low 



DEC. 1660— 7^A'. 1661. 



371 



two baytiffs, otiJ usiuill number of cUisen» should n|)pnire in S. Marie'fi church aoti 
iben to take the AcciiKomed oath to obKire and keep all manner of lawfoll liber- 
ties and cnitomc* of the Univenity of Oxford : bol they did tiol come, as they had 
not for 10 or 1 3 yearcs before. 

Dec. >o, Th., t66o, they were summoned agaloe ; but oonsultiag among Iheni- 
kItcs, they sent woixt to the Ticcchancellor tbat they deiired a freiodly meeting with 
the vicechanQellot and the Univereity about the premU&ei. \Much measage being 
delivered, Moniiay the 7 Jan. ifrfill was appointed a meeting day. 

Jan. 7.M., \t(%\. the vicechanceUor, scTei-UI ni>^taix and tieads of houses present, 
paiticson both ^c9 met in Adam Y>\oax chapel anncxt to S. Marie's church, 
Ilenry ^Cary) lord Faulkhuid and Sir Franeit Wenman, ai^ freemen of the cily, 
were procnt. The former Hpolte but little to the purpose. Their rccofdcr((Kichard) 
Croke} began to instaac« ia a trcaiic betwixt the Univeriily and city about tlw 
yeare 164S, whcrin both corporations came nigh to a full composaic and agrce- 
meot of mo*t diffcrcDccs bciweco them, and pfetcnded that in Iku of tlie ac- 
custotncd oath the Univcrsitic then wen: content to engage the dty hena by 
way of promise onlie. But 'twas tuon replycd that the intended trcatie he speaks 
of, whatever it was. ticrcr came to any sgrccmc-nt And withaU be wu adrtsed 
even for their ohh makers to furbea;e infitbting on the proceedings of tboae times, for 
it wai but to remind lu what tbcir caniagc was at that lime towards tlte University 
and how ready they were to take advantage of the timei to have overthrowne all 
our privik-gci. But wee being contented to forget all those things, it would not be 
for their advantage to call them to mind. Whcrupoii pctceinng bow Uttlc that 
orgament nould advimtage his cause in hand, he did not insist upon iL — Sarjcanl 
Charls flolloway, the Uoivcrntic cotmccU, made a quick reply to what Mr. 
Croke had ipokca : — that the Univeniiic's right to demand the uath was cleaic 
by charters and constant usage, as be wcU knew ; that the oath was no other 
than wbat the charter of 33 of Henry lU (1348) did picMribc ; that, to satisfic 
them, the Lords of the CouukII in the 17 of Fli^abcth 057^) ^^ already put in 
the words * lavfutt aud nasottahU ' to take of(f) all scrapie ; and thcrfore 'twii 
needlcM to tslkc of any further ivfeicnoe. That tbere couldbc no clashing between 
their and our lawfnll liberties ; and if there were any we pretended to, wnich wcte 
not lawfull, the oath did not oblige to thcni. 

In fine, the vicechancellor insisted upoo a positive answer, whether tbey woold 
or would not take the oathe. To which the mayor de^ritig time to ac>iuaint 
the comnoD councill with it, piomised before the end of next week to give a posi- 
live answer. And to wtiat had been said abool tiic lime of tlie yeaie toeing passed 
(which the mayor at the beginning of tlu» meeting told thcni}, the mayor having 
titkea his oauh to the Cily before the viccchanccUotit'i tumnions, 'twas aDtwcred 
that this could be no excuse, for that the mayor ought to have given notice to the 
vicechancellor and not to expect summons from him ; and that, by the charter of 
33 Henry lU (W49), his taking the oath to the towne before sitch notice given was 
voyd and ought to be taken againe. 

Jan. 14, M , iti(^, at a full meeting of the beads of hooscs it was unanimously 
atfcftrtfcH to and agreed upoti, I. that a night watch be spedily setled in the 
Voiveriity for the defetioe and safely of the some ; 2, that 40 ideii with bones and 
armes be in readiness at the charge of the respective collies, tea of which to 
keep walcb each night ; 3, that the Rrst watch begin on Tliursday night next 
ensuing, and such as arc appointed for each night-watch sbaU recdte their order* 
from Mr. vioechancellur. The order aud pra|xiitioo of every college it as fot* 
lowetb:— Cb. Ch. 10 horxt; Magd., 6; Men., 3; S- John's, a ; New Cut)., 5-— 

B b a 



372 

l*n ettry nJEht. The merting nhoot the »«frty of the Unlrewity 
Ch. Cb. : vide ' block book ' it a \etS hid downc. 

CoBVOCstioD, F., 15 Maich, ifiCJ.wlicrin tlii^ jietilion of the ITntreruty of Oxford 
to Uie king wu read; whcrio their frcviuicei from the towne were read: — 1, that 
the mayor, aUennen, and baylifb and bnrgesies have of Ute fearet (taking advan- 
tage of the public distntctioiu) tnany walet lafrioj^ the said riglin and privfleg^ 
of the Unrvcrsitie, ns pArticulaHy by rcfiising tn take the oath for the {ireapmtion 
thcrof acd to nuke the yeerly oblatJon oa S. Scholasticacs day (to Fcbt.) ; a, by 
cncrochbge npon the maHtet and the ^vrmmeiit thcrof, <lulnrbing and molesting 
thox who ctme thither to lell cloth victaaltc and other commoditEcs and dis- 
turbing tlic clerks of tlie maiket in Inking toll anH otherwise ; 3, by taking upon 
ihetn to [iccoK tavcnu, inns, and alehouses, and ttuit to an exceasTe nnniber; 
4, by exerctting the tmdes of bakcn, brcweni, and maDhtcn withoot license 
obtaioe^ from the University or the taking the reipectire oatbei heretofore osed 
in their ai)iri:t$Lrm ; 5, by usurping the government of the streets and pavements 
thcrof and ausances therin and amercenMnts concerning the same ; 6, by taking 
npon them to set the sight vratcb ; 7, by seiung upon deodancl» and felons* 
goods; B, by ossessiag meinben of the University, contrary to the pri^-ileiga, 
thcrof; 9, by impleading, intlJctiog, and otherwise molesting privilege*! 
in the mayoi^s court and the towne-scsdons and refusing to dismiss the caoae d[ 
the TJcechBoccUor's claimc; to, by diatorbfng privileged persons in the cxc 
of their trade and totrudiog npon thou trades which belong to the University — 
theiej I say, being their greviances they pot them nil up into a petition to the 
king that it would please (him) to giant snch examination and redress of thaJ 
premisses as to his majestic and honoiabtc privie coimsell should seem moi(| 
meet 

Mar. 37, W., i66t, his nujeslic's answer to the said petition was thb> 
a copfe of the said pctttioo sfaonld be delivered to the mayor and aldermen 
Oxford to the end that they may be pru%'tilcd to answer the same uo tlie 6 of April' 
next, when bodi parties were to appeare before his majesty at 9 in the mom in the 
Covnsell chamber at ^Vh■tcball. 

Apr. 1, M., ififii, I>r. (Richard) Baylic, Or. (John) Wallis. Dr. (Thomas) 
Yale, Dr. (Giles) Swell, and Mr. (Benjamin) Cooper the rrgiiter were tbea 
appointed by the Univcnity to goc lo London lo act for the University io the neat 
hearing : if oil coold not go, then WalUs or Yale at least 

Apr. 6, S., iGfii, both parties being met in the counccU chamber (at N\'hltefaaU) 
the mayor by his petition to his majesty desired further time in regard he coeld 
not be so Boonc prepared and ready for a bearing. Vi*henipoo his majestle ap- 
pofaited Saturday morning next ailei the coronation ' for the hearing of thai 
business. 

Sat, 17 Apr., i6At, at Worcester house, present the king's majesty, James dnlM 
of York. Edward Ujde fLord ChanecUor), the carl of Berks ^ Lord Chamber- 
laine', and secretary (Sir Kdword) Nicholas; where it was ordered and com- 
roaniled thai the present mayor bailifl's aldermen and bargc9Sc>, to the number 
of 6^ in all, do forthwith take the said oath* to observe the lawfiiU libcrtiei 
privilc^^ and cnitomcs of the nid University ; that the said mayor baylifls 



' which was to take place on T., 13 
Apr. (S. George's day). 
* Thomas Eloward, 
' Edward Moalagu, carl of Man- 



chester. 

* see Clark's Reg. Univ. Oxou. IL L 



JAff. — APRIL, 1661. 



373 



and the same personi or taid tmmbcr of btueetsct shftll moke their oblation ' 
of iixti-thtee pcocc wth the arreango thcrof in mamtct aod fonnc as hcrtofofe 



' A sborl time ago I porcbascd from 
Mr. W. H. Ccc's shop MnjOT-Oaie»»l 
(jibbes Kigaad's copy of Gatcb's Wood's 
Hi»l. Univ. Oxford. InthiswasaUttcr, 
with hit initials, clipped from the Ox- 
ferd UnivtrsUy Utrald of to Nov. 
1H83. I prtat the letter faenr, beciuM 
it pves X full smninary of tlte history 
ooonected with the oath of the dty to 
the University, and of the S. Scholos- 
tica't day ocrcmony. 

*Drar Sik.— I know of few thin^ 
hankr tbaa to get rid of a " vnlfjar 
enor," aud yet I finJ some who sUU 
believe that, uocil a fn» years bade, the? 
Mayor and Dargcsscs of this City went 
00 dated days to Si. Mary's Church 
" with halter* rooad their nccki," and 
[|MUil eertaiii stijiuliitcd monies, and took 
oaths of acknowledged subjection to the 
Univcnity Authorities. 

Another partial error is that the oath 
itHrhkJl was t&ken hod its origin in the 
' horron of the fight on S. Scholastica's 
day. 

Now such a thing never occurred as 
ibe " wearing of hitlter»" on proceeding 
to St. Mary's, wid the imposition of the 
oath was vA moch older ohgia than the 
lime of Ed. Ill; aod ] should like to 
, give the facts, as I find them, and prove 
to people that they are under a mistake, 
whiltt at the same time wc can place 
on leoofd a snull portio