0.22 — FOX'S ATHLETIC LIBRARY.
OF THE WORLD
OF PAST CHAMPIONS
PRICE 10 CIS.
RICHARD K FOX
PUBLISHING CO .
»'-•' FRANKLIN SQUARE, NEW YORK /
RICHARD K. FOX
THE LIFE AND BATTLES
J ACK JOHNSON
CHAMPION PUGILIST OF THE WORLD
Togetlier witli tlie Complete Records of" Jolin L. Sullivan,
J?mes J. Corliett, Robert Fitzsiniinons. J;iiiies ]. Jeffrie-j
Tommy Rums, Peter Jackson ami Jim Flynn.
RICHARD K. FOX PUBLISHING COMPANY
LRANKLIN SCIHARB, NFW YORK CITY.
BY RICHARD K. FOX PUBLISHING COMPANV
Johnson's Career 9
Burns-Johnson Battle - - - - 39
In the Ring- 41
Battle by Rounds - - - - 43
Battle with Jack O'Brien - - - 48
Battle with Stanley KetchcU - 50
Fight by Rounds . . . . 50
Arranging the Fight - - - - 55
Johnson-Jeffries Battle - - - 64
Fight by Rounds 66
Statistics of the Battle . , . 73
Johnson's Record ----- 74
Jeffries' Record - . . - 76
John L. Sullivan - - - - - 77
James J. Corbett - - . - 80
Robert Fitzsimmons - - - - 82
Tommy Burns - . - - - 85
Peter Jackson - = o ^ - 87
Jim Flynn ---'•- 28
TOE CHAMPION'S SMILE.
Richard K. Fox ----- 2
The Chanipicju's vSmilc ... 6
Jack Johnson ------ 8
Johnson in London - - - - 10
Johnson in Training - - - - 12
James J. Jeffries - - - - 14
John L. Sullivan - - - - - 16
James J. Corbett - • - - 18
Robert Fitzsimmons - - - - 20
Tommy Burns - • - - - 22
Sam Langford - - - - - 24
Joe Jeannctte ----- 26
Sam McVey - 2C
Molineaux ------ 30
Joe Walcott - 32
Joe Gans - 34
George Dixon ------ 36
Johnson's Remarkable Muscles - - 38
Jeffries Takes Ilis Time - - - - 4c
Jeffries in Bad Sliape . .... 42
Tex Rickard, Fight Promoter - - 44
JACK JOUNSON, CHAJilPION OF THE WORLD.
There is nothing spectacular about the
career of Jack Johnson, and his earlier fight-
ing" record does not mark the champion. As
in the case of Peter Jackson, white pugilists,
in many cases, have drawn the color line on
him. Up to the time he fought Burns he
really had no chance to show what he could
do. But that battle and the one with Ketchell
gave the public a line on his real ability.
He began his career in 1897, when he beat
S. Smith in ten rounds; kiter he put Jim
Rocks away in four rounds. In 1898 he
knocked out Rcddy Brcnicr in three rounds,
and beat jim Cole in four. Me fought a fifteen
round draw with Henry Smith. He went
twelve rounds to a draw in 1899 with Pat
Smith, and the next year beat Josh Mills in
twelve rounds, and KU)n(like in twenty rounds.
In the latter part of 1901 he met Joe
JACK JOHNSON IN f-ONPON.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON 1 1
Choynski in his home town. This battle
brought his name before the publie and after
winning several battles in the Southwest he
was taken to Chieag'o, where he continued to
win and to show signs of cleverness. In that
year he had three knockouts to his credit, as
follows: Charley Brooks, two rounds; Horace
Miles, three rounds, and George Lawler, ten
rounds. This showed that he had a punch.
The next year, 1902, he added six knockouts
to his credit, and one of the defeated men was
Jack Jeffries, a brother of the then champion,
who had begun to show promising signs as a
boxer, but he only lasted five rounds with the
His first defeat was at the hands of the
veteran boxer, Joe Choynski, with whom he
was matched by the Galveston Athletic Club
in March, 1901. He was outclassed from the
start, as might have been expected from a man
with his limited experience. He did very
well, however, in the first and second rounds,
but in the third he was caught on the jaw with
JACK JOHNSON IN TBAININQ.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. I .^
a right hook, and he went down and out. Foi
this contest both men were arrested at the in-
stigation of Gov. Sayers, and held in ,*i5,ooo
bail, but they were eventually released.
The big year for Johnson, so far as num-
ber of fights engaged in was concerned, was
1902, when he was one of the principals in six-
teen contests, losing not one, and having four
draws. This was the year that he met Jack
Jeffries, brother of Jim, and played with him
for five rounds before he dropped him for the
Probably his hardest battle of the year was
on October 31, when he met George Gardiner,
the middleweight champion of New England,
befcjrc the vSan Francisco Club of San Fran-
cisco, Cal., and he surprised the people at the
ringside who came to see the clever New Eng-
lander hang another scalp on his belt. John-
son forced the fight from the start, and kept
up the pace during the entire twenty rounds,
winning the tlecision with plenty to spare.
This battle brought him more prominently
JAMES J. JKFFRIES,
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 15
before the public than all of his previous con-
tests put together.
After that he met and defeated in six
rounds at Los Angeles, Cal., Fred Russell,
and again on February 23, 1903, he outpointed
Denver Ed ]\Iartin in twenty rounds in the
Sam McVey, who is at present cutting a
wide swath in pugilistic circles in Paris, was
Johnson's next opponent. He was a tough
customer, capable of taking a good licking
and coming back, and he had a punch, too.
They came together in Los Angeles, (m Feb-
ruary 27, 1903, and the bout went the limit of
twenty rounds, but from the first the issue
was never in doubt, for it was Johnson all the
way. The man who is now champion showed
then that he had a good punch in either hand,
that he was quick, aggressive and resourceful.
At the finish the decision went to him, and
The next day he announced that he was
going after Jeffries, for he wanted a chance
JOHN L. SULLIVAN
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 17
at the title that was to come to him later on.
He claimed at that time that he was the logi-
cal opponent for the big fellow and he was
also sure that he could beat him. But the
champion evaded him, having drawn the color
line since he met Hank Griffin in 1901.
Johnson won all of his battles during the
year of 1903, beating the rugged McVey twice.
His first opponent in 1904 was Black Bill,
whom he met in a six-round exhibition bout in
Philadelphia. On April 22, in San Francisco,
he knocked out McVey in the twentieth round,
putting a quietus on the aspirations of that
boxer and proving conclusively who was the
master. He also won from Frank Childs in
Chicago in six rounds, and finished up the
year by knocking out Ed Martin in Los
Angeles in two rounds.
Marvin Hart gave him his first real set-
back, getting the decision at the end of twenty
rounds in San Francisco on March 28, 1905.
Hart won, however, purely on his aggressive-
ness, as at the end of the fight he was badly
JAMES J. CORBETT
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. I9
beaten and in miserable shape, while Johnson,
on the other hand, showed scarcely a mark.
He hit cleaner, he showed more cleverness,
and he would have won easily had he forced
the fighting instead of allowing Hart to set the
From that time on he went steadily up, his
speed, his cleverness and his ring generalship
increasing, and he soon began to be recognized
as a dangerous factor in the heavyweight
division. The only thing that kept him down
was his color, and there arc plenty of sporting
men today who say that if he had been given
his chance he would have been champion long
ago, and Tommy Burns would have been in
the scrap heap with the rest of the second
raters. The only man of his own color capable
of competing with him was Joe Jeannette.
They met several times, but no one who ever
saw these battles had any doubt but that
Jolmson was the master at all stages of the
game and could have 'lone with Jeannette just
ab he pleased.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 21
The fact that Johnson beat Sam Langford
in Chelsea, Mass., in fifteen rounds, on April
26, 1906, showed his class, because Langford is
and always has been a dangerous man in the
ring in any company, as a glance at his record
At Philadelphia on July 17, 1907, he knocked
out the redoubtable Fitzsimmons in two rounds,
and the same year he put away Charley Cutler
in one round and Jim Flynn in eleven.
For the past five years his course on the
pugilistic ladder has been steadily iipward, and
he has come into his own at last. During his
long chase of Tommy Burns he expressed the
greatest confidence in his ability to put away
the man who was proclaiming himself the
champion. Time and time again he said he
would finish the battle, if ever they met, inside
of fifteen rounds, and those who have seen him
box anywhere, and not prejudiced against him
on account of his color, were convinced that he
could do just as he said.
There has been a lot of talk about a "yellow
TOMMY BURNS. EX-CHAMPIOK
MFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 23
Streak " that he is said to possess. He may
have it, but if he has no one has yet found it
out, so there is no use in nientioning it again.
He is built magnificently, is strong as a
lion, is clever, scientific, and carries a great
punch in either hand. He fought for a small
purse because he knew he was going to be the
champion before he left the ring. He was
convinced that he was the best man and so he
was willing to fight to prove it, as a champion
This big fellow heads the list of famous
negro fighters, beginning with Molineaux, the
giant black who fought Tom Cribb twice for
the championship of England in the early part
of the present century; and when you come to
review the histories of the two men they are
strangely alike in everything except that
Johnson won what he went after. Molineaux
went from \'irginia, alone and j)enniless, to
face the greatest fighting man the world knew
at that time. He wasn't taken seriously at
first, but after one or two hard trvouts the
LIFE AND BATTLES f)F JACK JOHNSON. 25
sporting men of England became convinced
that he had enough of the fighter in him to
make Cribb step a bit. They were matched
and the battle of thirty-three rounds lasted
fifty-five minutes. Though he was compelled
to give in, Molineaux gave Cribb a fearful
beating, so much so that the champion had to
be assisted from the ring.
The second battle between these tw^o at-
tracted a great deal of attention in England,
as there were many who believed that
Molineaux could beat the champion. But in
this they were mistaken, as the sturdy negro
lasted but eleven rounds. Here is what a
writer of the day had to say about it :
"The battle, which lasted only nineteen
minutes and ten seconds, left no doubt as to
the superiority of Cribb. The science of
Molineau at the opening of the fight was quite
equal to that of the champion, but the con-
dition of Cribb was far better, his temper more
under control, and although there was no
question as to Molineaux's courage, which
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 27
almost amounted to ferocity, Cribb was his
superior in steadiness and self-possession."
Jack Johnson, born in Galveston, Texas, on
March 31, 1878, is now the heavyweight pugi-
listic champion of the world, and from all in-
dications is likely to remain so for some time
to come. He becomes a notable figure in more
ways than one and is the first negro boxer to
gain the coveted title.
Never has any other boxer the world over
shown such persistency in following up a
champion as Johnson did when he first made
up his mind to go after Tommy Burns. He
would scarcely have succeeded in obtaining a
meeting with the elusive French-Canadian,
however, had it not been for Sam Fitzpatrick,
veteran boxer and manager, who took the black
man under his wing and literally chased Burns
almost around the world. Negotiations were
first begun in America, but nothing came of
them, and Burns went to England to gather
what eas)' money was in sight in that country.
When Burns became the idol of the English
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 29
and Irish sport-loving public by his decisive
victories over their best men, Fitzpatrick
made another move in his campaign by going
to England and trying to force Burns into a
match. The demands that the champion made
for his end of the purse, win, lose or draw,
were considered unfair, and Burns lost much
of the good wishes of the public by the severe
criticism of the British press.
Many thought that the next move in Burns'
campaign of evasion would end matters and
that Fitzpatrick would never get for his negro
boxer the chance for the title. This was when
Burns set sail for Australia from England, a
point that seemed too far off for the other
combination, whose funds were being fast used
up in their pursuit.
Fitzpatrick and Johnson, however, did not
give up the chase, for they had the word of
Biirns that lie would fight when his demands
were acceded to. Over in the Antipodes the
champion was finally cornered, for a promoter,
Hugh Mcintosh, was found who was willing to
MULI^'EAUX, WHO rOU«HT TOM CUIBB liS 1810,
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 31
guarantee Burns $30,000, no matter what the
outcome, and Johnson was only too willing to
accept $5,000 as his end. Mcintosh, who is a
man little more than thirty years old, showed
great nerve in arranging all the details, as he
stood to lose a vast amount if the interest did
not prove enormous.
One of the big initial items of expense was
the building of a stadium at Rushcutter's Bay,
capable of holding twenty thousand persons,
at a cost of .^i 0,000. The advance sale of
seats, however, for nearly a month before the
scheduled date assured the success from a
financial standpoint. Seats sold as high as
$50, and the cheapest bench to be had cost $5.
No event in a generation aroused the
Australians as did this fight. An association
of clergymen made an effort to have the mill
stopped, but their attempt proved unavailing
against the outburst of i)o|)ular enthusiasm.
The Premier of Australia, liimsclf an old-time
athlete, was just as mucli interested in the
combat as the ordinary " bushwhacker," and
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. SS
many of the leading- business men and those
identified with the government showed their
eagerness to see the battle by their purchase
of choice seats long before the date set.
In place of the jibing criticisms that were
meted out to Mcintosh because of what the
Australians thought was foolhardiness, there
is nothing now on the island continent but
words of praise.
Rumors of all kinds were rife that the fight
would be "fixed" and that Johnson would be
bought off. When it was said that Bums had
wagered $10,000 on his chances many ot the
" wise " sport followers were further convinc xl
that Burns had been up to some more craft)
tricks. That the battle was to be strictly on
the level was asserted by Mcintosh in the fol-
lowing cablegram over his own signature :
"The fight will be absolutely on the level.
You can bet on it with confidence. Johnson
would not have chased Burns for nearly twelve
thousand miles to get a match and then throw
it, while Burns would not ' lay down ' to a
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 35
negro. The earning capacity of either of
these men in the event of victory would be
greater than by indulging in a fake. So take
it from me that the mill will be decided on
Now that Fitzpairick's campaign in follow-
ing Burns to the other side of the world with
his negro challenger has ended in success he
will be hailed as one of the shrewdest handlers
of fighters in the history of the ring. Fitz-
patrick had Peter Jackson when that negro
was the most feared heavyweight in the game.
Corbett was the only champion aspirant
who had nerve enough to face Jackson, and
even Jim "passed up" Peter after their
famous "no contest" at San Francisco. Sul-
livan drew the color line on Jackson, and
F'itzimmons was frank enough to admit that
he wanted none of Jackson's game. Jackson
failed to take care of himself and was down
ard out when Jim Jeffries whipped him.
Fitzpatrick also handled (ieorge Lavigne,
when he was the lightweight champion.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 37
The Johnson-Burns match was the first
heavyweight championship battle staged out-
side of the United States in years. John L.
Sullivan won the title from Paddy Ryan at
Mississippi City nearly thirty years ago, and
James J. Corbett beat Sullivan in New Orleans.
Bob Fitzsimmons whipped Corbett in Carson
City, Nev. , and James J. Jeffries defeated
Fitzsimmons at Coney Island.
Burns whipped O'Brien at Los Angeles
and defeated Bill Squires, the champion of
Australia, in San Francisco. Then he went
to England and beat Gunner ]\Ioir, the cham-
pion of England, in London. He also van-
cpiished Jem Roche, the champion of Ireland,
Sullivan fought only one battle abroad while
he was champion, his memorable contest with
Charlie Mitchell in Chantilly, France. It
was a draw. Jackson whipped Slavin in Lon-
don for the championship of England and
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 39
The fight was scheduled to take place at
eleven o'clock in the morning' of Deceiiiber 26,
1908, and so great was the excitement and the
desire of the Australians to see it that hundreds
came from the outer districts the night before
and slept in the open in order to be on hand in
the morning. One hour before the bell was to
be rung for the contest every seat was taken by
a crowd estimated at between eighteen and
twenty thousand persons, who had paid into
the box office a sum estimated at from $150,-
000 to $175,000.
Statistics of the Fighters.
Here are the weights and dimensions of
the men when they went into the ring:
27 yeiirs .\'4e 30 years
5 ft. 7>i in Height 6 I'l. l?i in.
176 poiiniifi Weislit 196 pounds
74^^ in Reach 72X in.
12 in Foreiirna 13 in.
13Ji In Biceps 14>^ in.
16 in Neck 17 in.
40Ji in Chest 43Ji In.
32>^ in Waist 33 In.
38 ii Hips 37 in.
23;.) Thigh 22^ in.
i5}i in Calf 16 Id.
JEFF TAKES HIS TIME GETTING UP.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSIJN. 4I
IN THE RING.
At 10.42 a. m. Johnson entered the arena,
accompanied by his seconds, vSain Fitzpatrick,
Miillins, Unholz, Lang and Bryant. Wild
cheers greeted him, and the big black man
turned and bowed to all four sides of the ring.
Jtist as Johnson took his seat Burns ap-
peared. He was smiling and the plaudits of
the spectators were even more enthusiastic
than those accorded Johnson. Burns took up
his position in the western corner of the ring,
surrounded by his seconds, Keating, O'Keefe,
O'Donnell, Burke and Russell.
When the cheering had died down some-
what Johnson crossed over and shook Burns
by the hand. The Canadian glanced at the
big mauleys of the Texan and noticed that
both were covered with bandages. Fearful
that perhaps they might not be of the soft
surgical kind he scrutinized them closely, but.
finding them to his satisfaction, he made no
The announcement was made that if during
LIP-E AND BATTt,?:S OF JACK JOIINSON. 4.^
the contest the police should interfere and stop
it, the referee would immediately give a
decision based on points scored.
When Burns stripped it was noticed he
wore elastic bandages about his elbows.
Johnson shouted across the ring, half angrily,
"You must take tlio-^c off."
THE BATTLE BY ROUNDS.
First Round. — After a few moments of preliminary
sparring Johnson reached Burns with a sharp upper cut
and the Canadian went to tlie floor, remaining there for
the count of eight. He signalled to his seconds that he
was all right, however, and when he arose sailed in for
Johnsons body. Jolinson swung a hard right to the head,
and Burns staggered backward n( arly across the ring
from the impact of the blo\■.^ Then Burns, rushing in,
planted a right of great force on Johnson's chin and by an
excellent display of boxing warded off a return. Johnson,
nevertheless, managed to put through a stinging left to
the head at the soimd of the gong.
Second Round. — When the gong clanged Johnson
yelled across to the approaching Burns, "Come right on,"
and he swung his right and landed hard on Burns' ciiin.
The champion's ankle gave way under him and ho went
down, lie was up immediately, however, and Johnson
got to close quarters with him and placed right and left
to face and body. Burns' left eye here commenced to
swell. Johnson thus far had the better of the battle.
TEX RICKARD, FIGHT PROMOTER.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 45
The big black man was coming all the time and he swung
a terrific left into Burns' stomach. Burns was doing but
little. He was bleeding from the mouth and apparently
was tired. The men were clinched as tlie bell rang.
Third Bound. — Burns swung his right to Johnson's
head and then did some wonderful execution at infighting,
chopping his right to the ribs frequently. Johnson dur
ing the round landed some terrific blows to the kidneys.
Fourth Round. — When the men met in the centre of
the ring Johnson shot a heavy right into Burns' ribs. The
men talked wildly to each other, each seemingly intent
upon getting the other excited and landing the money
winning punch. During the jeering they sparred fiercely,
but few blows were struck. Then Johnson swung left to
the body and Burns brought right to head. Johnson,
closing in, threw a terrific right and left to the head of
the Canadian, The bell found the men in a hard clinch.
Fifth Round. — Apparently refreshed from his minute's
rest, Burns started the round briskly, landing his right on
Johnsons head and punching the body with both hands.
Johnson managad to slip over a few rights to the head
during the round.
Sixth Round. — Johnson rushed and Burns clinched.
Breaking loose, however, with one hand, Johnson swung
his right a dozen times into the white man's ribs. Burns
jolted Joluison's body frecjueutly and swung his right
hard over the ribs and put a stilt left to the stoniucli
several times. Jolmson Ircatcd ilicsc blows as a joke,
laughing at the crowd nnd makin;;- sarcastic remarks to
46 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
his opponent as be bustled Burns into a corner and scored
a couple of rights to the body.
Seventh Round.— Johnson rushed Burns across the
ring, dealing out rights in which there was no mercy.
Burns got a left to Johnson's jaw and Johnson raisi-d a
lump under Burns' right eye in return. Burns here
seemed to be losing strength. Johnson was landing re-
peatedly on Burns' eye, meanwhile addressing the people
about the ringside, and tlx.ugh Tommy was working
dexterously at infighting he placed several terrific blows
onBurns'ribs, dropping him to the floor for a few seconds.
Eighth Round. — Burns' eyes were pufTed up and he
was bleeding from tha mouth when he emerged from his
corner. The white man's blows apparenily had little
effect on the Texan, who went severely about belaboring
the head of the champion.
Ninth Round. — "Come on. Tommy; swing your
right!" yelled Johnson as the gong rang. Burns re-
sponded by calling the negro a "yellow dog." There
was not very much fighting, probably more talking, dur-
ing this roimd.
Tenth Round. — Both men seemed tiring. Johnson still
used his fists effectively on Burns" head and stomach and
Burns was doing all he could in reply. His blows, how-
ever, lacked steam.
Eleventh Round. — The perspiration pouring ofif the
body of Johnson made it look not unlike highly polished
walnut. Burns tried to cross his right over, but Johnson
cleverly avoided him, meantime hiUfrhing at the champion.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 47
Burns is outclassed and Johnson apparently is invulner-
able. When the bell rang Burns limped to his corner.
Twelfth Round. — Johnson continued to rushtind Burns
took a tremendous lot of punishment gamely. His jaw is
Thirteenth Roimd. — Johnson continued to play for the
injured eye and the cut mouth of Burns, which was
swollen twice its normal size. Blow after blow the
colored man rained upon him, and the gong alone saved
the white man from defeat, for he was reeling and groggy
as it rang.
During the intermission between the thirteenth and
fourteenth rounds the police officials consulted together,
aad it seemed probable that they would stop the fight in
the next round Mcintosh went to Bums' corner and had
a talk with the champion, who declared that he was
strong. Mcintosh tlien asked the police not to interfere.
Fourteenth Round. — Johnson went right after Burns
when time was called. The white man warily backed
away, but Jolmsnn, following him up, dropped Burns
with a heavy right to the head. "One, two, three,"
slowly counted the referee, and Burns remained down
until eight seconds had been tolled off. When he arose
Johnsun flew at him like a tiger, and, xising both hands
immercifuUy, soon had the champion tottering. The
police then juni|)ed into tiie ring and stopped the fight.
Hugh D. Mcliitosli, tlic referee, immediately declared
Johnson the winner, lie adiled that he considered it ilie
best fight he ever hud witnessed in Australia and that both
men had fought most fairly.
48 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
THE BATTLE WITH O'BRIEN.
Johnson's next fight was in the arena of the
National Athletic Club Philadelphia, Pa., on
May 19, 1909, when he met Philadelphia Jack
O'Brien for six rounds. Johnson gave his
weight at 205 pounds, while O'Brien stated
he weighed 162 pounds.
O'Brien gamely carried the fight to the big
colored fellow during most of the rounds. But
in doing this O'Brien got some very hard
bumps and was pretty badly hurt at times, and
there was no doubt that the champion had the
better of the contest.
At times Johnson cut loose with great vigor
and then it was that O'Brien was punished
severely. The white man was down several
times, although only once on a fair knock-
down. Once O'Brien was carried through the
ropes by one of Johnson's fierce rushes and
had it not been for the assistance of those on
the outside he would have fallen to the floor
on the other side of the ring.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON, 49
The blow that knocked O'Brien down was
delivered in the fifth round and came in the
midst of a fierce rally on the part of the colored
fellow. His lefts and rights drove O'Brien
backward as wind would drive chaff, and a
short right, the kind for which Johnson is
famous, caught O'Brien under the left eye.
Jack went down as though kicked by a mule,
but came up quickly without waiting for the
The mark of the blow was plainly visible,
for blood trickled from an abrasion and a
swelling about the size of a mouse slowly ap-
peared, O'Brien wisely tried to hold until he
could gather his senses, but the burly negro
shook him off and shot home two or three
more lefts and rights, which O'Brien slipped
50 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
THE FIGHT WITH KETCHELL.
At Jimmy Coffroth's Colma, Cal., arena on
Oct. 1 6, 1909, Johnson retained the heavy-
weight championship of the world by knock-
ing out Stanley Ketchell in the twelfth round.
The end came so suddenly that when Ketchell
rolled to the floor and Referee Welch counted
him out the 10,000 persons crowding the arena
were absolutely c[uiet for a full minute.
THE BATTLE BY ROUNDS.
First Round. — The men dispensed with the usual for-
mality of shaking hands as they wallied to tlie centre of
the ring. The discrepancy in stature and weight was
particularly noticeable as they came together. Johnson
towered above the white man. The first point scored was
by Johnson, who landed a hard left to the stomach after
a good deal of fibbing by each. Each man was cautious,
feeling out the other. Twice Johnson landed with effect
as Ketchell hustled him around the ring and forced him
against the ropes. Then he sidestepped out of the dan-
ger spot and the bell rang with the men in the centre of
the ring fighting cautio;;siy. Ketchell looked nervous
throughout, while Johusou smiled continually.
Second Round. — They r.iu to a clinch and Referee
Life and battles of jack johnson. qt
Wl'KIi pried tlicm apart. On the break Johnson shot a
straiglit left lo Ihe nose and soon repeated it. At every
clinch Ke chell tried willi short-arm blows for the stom-
ach. In a clinch Ketchell uppercut hard to the jaw with
his left. This angered the champion, wlio rushed in laud-
ing left and right on the body. Ketchell went to the floor
with considerable force, although his fall was due more to
a slip of the; foot than a blow. lie was up quickly and
rushed in, but had great difficulty in getting under Jack's
long reach. Johnson merely toyed with him until the
bed ended the round.
Third Round. — They sparred for thirty seconds and
then closed in, swinging right and left at close range
Ketchell landing on the body once with his right. Ket-
chell drove his right high on the breast, and as they
clinched Johnson uppercut twice with the right. The
referee separated them. They again rushed in close,
Johnson putting in short rights and left to the stomach.
The white man uppercut with left to the face as they
broke from a clinch. Just before the round ended John-
fccm swung his right to the jaw. Ketchell went to his
corner, however, dancing, and looked fresh. Johnson
kei)t up a running fire of conversation with his seconds
during the minute respite.
Fourth Round.— After much sparring Johnson rushed
in, forcing his man to the ropes. Placing his arms around
Ketchell he fairly carried him to the centre of the ring.
Ketchell swung a terrific right intended for Johnson's jaw.
It just missed, but it was a close shave. Johnson then
52 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
steadily backed away as they sparred for a lead with Ket-
chcU follov.'ing. He tlien sent a hard right to the jaw,
but Ketchell kept constautly teasing him in an effort to
make him lead. It was a tame round.
Fifth Round. — Ketchell opened with a left to the body
to which Johnson replied with two lefts to the face. John-
son sent Ketchell's head back with two straight lefts to
the nose. Ketchell again essayed to force Johnson to lead.
Ketchell showed unexpected cleverness at blocking. John
son then swung his left twice to the face and the men
sparred at long range, Johnson working in a left to the
face. Neither man showed damage as the round ended.
Sixth Round. — Each missed a left swing, and then
Ketchell landed a left to the body and followed with an-
other left to the jaw. Johnson countered with a left to
the stomach. Johnson shot out his left catching Ketchell
on both hands as the latter threw up his guard and Ket-
chell was sent to the floor. He jumped up smiling. John-
son gave him a warm reception. He uppercut wiih right
to the jaw and raked Ketchell's face with a succession of
lefts to the jaw. Ketchell continued to force the pace but
was met with two lefts on the nose that started blood.
Johnson had a good lead at the end of the round.
Seventh Round. — Johnson swooped in with two lefts
on the nose, Ketchell countering with a hard left hook on
the body. Johnson shot another straight left to the nose
and Ketchell missed a terrific left swing for the jaw. As
they closed in Johnson uppercut with right to the jaAv.
Blood flowed from Ketchell's nose. At close quarters
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 53
Johnsoa landed several times on the nose and face. Sud-
denly Kctchell swung Lis left with terrific force. It
caught the champion solidly on the jaw, raising a big
lump that was perceptible to the spectators. It was the
best blow of the fight.
Eighth Round. — Johnson immediately closed in, land-
ing twice with his left on the face. The fighters roughed
it, shoulder to shoulder, and Ketchell worked in a hard
right uppercut to the jaw. The referee separated the
men, Johnson landing left and right on the face as they
broke. Ketchell missed with another of his terrific swings
and almost went through the ropes from the force of his
effort. John.son forced his opponent back gradually and
landed a left to the jaw. Ketchell again missed a hard
right swing and again nearly went through the ropes
from its misdirected force.
Ninth Round — They closed in, each landing short-arm
rights on the face. Tlie referee was forced twice to break
the men from clinches. Tlie champion sent in four sting-
ing straight lefts to the face, but Ketchell did not break
ground. On the contrary, he rushed in, hammering at
the champion's stomach, but liis l)lows were smothered.
Ketchell planted his left over the ribs and Johnson coun-
tered with a short left to the jaw. Johnson again liookcd
his left to the jaw and a cliruh followed. Johnson broke
it up witli a hard straight blow to the face. Immedi-
ately after, however, the men were again wrestling.
Johnson swung Ketchell almost off his balance. Getting
him against the ropes he sent a right wallop to the stom-
54 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
acli and Ketchell winced. Jolmsoa patted Ketchell on
the stomach with his open hand as the bell clanged. Ket-
chell looked worried as he took his chair.
Tenth Round. — After a clinch Johnson sent two light
lefts to the stomach and quickly shifted to the jaw, where
he connected twice and Ketchell started spitting blood.
Johnson wrestled Ketchell to the floor, then lifted him up
and placed him in the centre of the ring. In a mid-ring
rally Johnson sent three straight iefls to Kelchell's sore
mouth and nose, starting the blood afresh.
Eleventh Round. — After some desultory sparring Ket-
chell whipped his left to the kidneys and missed two hard
swings for the jaw. It was noticeable that the right
uppercut that Johnson used with good effect in his other
fights had little effect upon Ketchell. The Michigander
landed a terrific right almost on the point of the jaw. The
champion immediately clinched and seemed content to
rest. Ketchell forced the fighting, seeking to follow up
Ihe advantage, but could not solve his opponent's defense.
Ketchell's battered face was proof that Johnson's constant
left jabs were reaching their mark.
Twelfth Round. — Ketchell suddenly rushing in sent
his right to the jaw. Johnson fell flat upon his back and
tlie fall seemed to have injured him, but the tricky cham-
pion was waiting for him. He swung a hard right to the
jaw and then a left to the body. As Ketchell fell back-
ward Johnson sent another right swing to the face and
the white man went to the mat as if ho had been shot.
There he lay, blood streaming from his mouth. He made
a weak effort to rise, but fell back and was counted out.
LIKE AND BA r'l'T.KS OF JACK JOHNSON. 55
ARRANGING THE BIG FIGHT.
Then began negotiations for the big battle
between Johnson and James J. Jeffries. All
this while there had been talk of bringing the
two men together, and at last Jeffries was in-
dncedto come out of retirement. The result of
a lot of talk was the following:
Form of agreement entered into this
eleventh day of August, 1909, between Jack
Johnson, of Galveston, Tex., and James J.
Jeffries, of Los Angeles, Cal.
1. It is agreed between these men mutually
that they shall box a certain number of
rounds, the same to be anywhere from 20 to
100, for the heavyweight championship of the
2. Contest to be held before the club offer-
ing the best inducements and mutually agreed
upon by the contestants.
3. The division of the purse shall l)e on a
basis of either 60 per cent, and 40 per cent, to
winner and loser, respectively, or 75 per cent.
56 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
and 25 per cent, or winner may be permitted
to take the entire amount. The decision in
this matter to rest with James J. Jeffries.
4. The sum of $5,000 each is to be posted
with Charles A. Comiskey of Chicago as a
guarantee of good faith and the fulfillment by
each side of the terms of this agreement. Said
money to be posted within seventy-two hours.
It is further agreed that the above named
$5,000 shall operate as a side bet on the result
of the contest.
5. It is further agreed that the club will be
selected and mutually agreed upon sixty days
from date, at which time all further details
will be mutually agreed upon.
6. Contest to take place not later than six
months from date of selecting club and the
signing of final articles.
(Signed) Sam Berger for JamesJ. Jeffries.
(Signed) Jack Johnson.
Then there was another meeting at which
this agreement was drawn up and signed.
The agreement entered into this day between
I.IKE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 57
Jack Johnson and James J. Jeffries provides
for the following :
1. They agree to box for the heavyweight
championship of the world.
2. They agree to box for the club, organ-
ization or person offering the best financial in-
3. Bids for the contest must be submitted
on Dec. i, 1909, at 3 P. ]M. at the Hotel
Albany, New York city.
4. Each club, organization or person mak-
ing a bid for this contest must have a repre-
sentative on the ground wIto will post §5,000
in coin or certified check to make good any
and all stipulations of this bid.
5. Referee to be selected when the club's
bid is accepted.
6. It is hereby agreed that the contest shall
be forty-five rounds or more.
7. The purse shall be divided 75 per cent,
to the winner and 25 per cent, to the loser.
8. Each of the contestants lierewith posts
with Robert P. Murphy, of New York, as tern-
58 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
porary stakeholder the sum of ijiiio,ooo. Of
this sum each posts $5,000 as a wager or side
bet on the result of the contest and $5,000 as a
forfeit to guarantee compliance with these
9. The contest shall take place not later
than July 5, 1910.
10. It is hereby understood and agreed that
the contest shall be fought under straight Mar-
quis of Queensberry rules and with five ovmce
11. The final stake and forfeit holder is to
be decided upon when the club is selected.
Witness our hands and seals this 29th day of
(Signed) James J. Jeffries, Sam Berger.
Jack Johnson, George Little.
Witness: Bob Vernon, William J. Wright,
Robert P. Murphy.
The meeting to open the bids and decide the
details of the match was scheduled to take
place in New York city, on Dec. i, but Police
Commissioner Baker decided this proceeding
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 59
would be unlawful and threatened to arrest
Johnson and Jeffries and all the principals if
they met for this purpose, and the scene of
the gathering was transferred to Naegeli's
Hotel in Hoboken, N. J.
The scenes at the opening of the bids were
dramatic. As was expected the stakes were
so high that only the heaviest gamblers had a
chance to sit in the game. Six men only sat
in the big game. They were Eddie Graney,
Tex Rickard. Jack Gleason, Jimmy Coffroth,
Tom McCarey and Hugh Mcintosh. Coffroth
was pooled with and represented by Jack
Gleason. Mcintosh's cards were played by
Phil King, his American representative.
Stakeholder Bob Murphy took his seat at the
head of the table. George Little and Jack
Johnson were on ]Murphy's left and Tom
McCarey and Sam Bergcronliis riglit. Seated
around the table or pushed about in the crowd
that surged through the room were the other
bidders, Jack Gleason, Tex Rickard, Eddie
Graney and Phil King.
6o LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
Graney's bid was read first. As president
of the Tuxedo A. C, of San Francisco, he
made three propositions to the fighters. First
he offered them 80 per cent, of the gross re-
ceipts, with a guarantee of 875,000, the entire
picture privileges to go to the contestants.
Second, 80 per cent, of the gross receipts,
$70,000 guaranteed, with $20,000 for, or ^;^ 1-3
per cent, of the moving picture privileges.
Third, 90 per cent, of the gross receipts, with
no guarantee and the entire moving picture
Graney's bid was accompanied by a certified
check of $5,000, as a guarantee of good faith.
In his bid he stipulated that he would hold
the bout in an open pavilion, seating 25,000,
with a guaranteed seating capacity of 25,000,
in or within five miles of San Francisco.
Jack Gleason, pooled with Jimmy Coffroth,
was the next to be considered. The Gleason-
Coffroth proposition offered the fighters a
purse of $125,000 with no picture privileges, or
a guaranteed purse of $75,000 with 66 2-3 per
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 6l
cent, of the inoving- picture profits, or 80 per
cent, of the gross receipts with 66 2-3 per cent,
of the picture privileges. Gleason promised
to post $30,000 immediately upon accepting
his first offer, $20,000 on agreeing to the sec-
ond proposition, or $10,000 if the fighters chose
his third offer. Gleason posted a New York
draft for $5,000 with his bid, and stipulated
that the bout would take place in Colma,
Ocean View or San Francisco, on July 4, 19 10.
Mcintosh's bid was the third opened. The
Australian proposition was as follows:
"I guarantee each man for the contest in
America, $37,500; if the contest is held in
England, $40,000; in France, $40,000; in Aus-
tralia, $50,000, all rights reserved. I make
the alternative offer that if the contest is held
in cither America, England or France, Jeffries
and Johnson may have the whole of the gross
gate, less $10,000, witli a minimum guarantee
of $25,000 to each man, all rights reserved by
me. If in Australia, whole gross gate receipts
without deduction, and with a guaranteed
62 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
minimum of $37,500 to each man, all rights re-
served by me. My second alternative offer is
that I will give purses in America or France
of $50,000 and one-third of privileges.
"For the pictures I offer: In England,
$13,000 and one-fourth interest; in Australia,
$20,000, all rights reserved. The contest to
take place at a date to be named by me during
the year 1910, each contestant to receive not
less than three months' notice. Five thousand
dollars will be deposited by me as a forfeit to
guarantee my good faith."
Then Tex Rickard handed a sealed envelope
to Murphy, and as the stakeholder carelessly
tore open the envelope, Rickard cautioned:
"You had better be careful with that en-
velope, Mr. Murphy. It contains money."
It did. Rickard inclosed $20,000 with his
offer, fifteen $1,000 bills and a check for
$5,000. When Master of Ceremonies Murphy
began to read, " G. L. Rickard, of Ely, Nev.,
and John J. Gleason, San Francisco, submit
the following bid," further commotion was
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 63
caused, for it was seen that Gleason not only
had tied up with Coffroth, but also was bound
up with Rickard. The Nevada mine owner
and the California baseball magnate offered
the fighters a guaranteed purse of .f 101,000,
with 66 2-3 per cent, of the moving picture
privileges. The bids stipulated that the bout
would be held on July 4 in California, Nevada
or Utah. Besides the $20,000 accompanying
his bid, Rickard announced that he would
post $20,000 more sixty days before the fight
and would put up an additional $50,000 forty-
eight hours before the encounter.
Tom McCarey's was the last bid to be
opened. McCarey, in behalf of the Pacific
A. C, of Los Angeles, offered the fighters the
entire gate receipts and 50 per cent, of the
moving picture privileges, or a guaranteed
parse of $110,000 with 50 per cent, of the
moving picture privileges. If the contestants
accepted the McCarey proposition, new and
final articles must be signed within twenty-
64 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
Berger and Johnson both asked Murphy to
read agam the Graney and Rickard propo-
sitions. The two discussed the bids for a
time and then asked for twenty-four hours
in which to consider them.
On the following day all the principals met
in Hoboken, and without any formalities
accepted Rickard's bid, carrying with it the
greatest gambling proposition ever heard of.
Tex Rickard, who was the promoter of the
record-drawing fight between Joe Gans and
Battling Nelson at Goldfield, Nev., on Sept. 6,
1906, is a celebrity of the gold fields of Alaska
and the mining camps of Nevada and the
Southwest, who has lost fortunes time and
again only to win them back on another turn
of Forttme's wheel.
The battle took place as scheduled, but not
in California. Governor Gillett, for reasons
best known to himself, stepped in at the
eleventh hour and prohibited a continuance
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 65
of the arrangements, and also announced that
he would call out the militia in case an at-
tempt was made to pull off the contest in Cali-
fornia. Rickard then went to his home State,
Nevada, and within a short time procured
assurances from the business men of Reno
that the license w^ould be subscribed and he
would be helped in every way to erect a suit-
able arena. Both training camps were then
transferred to quarters in the neighborhood
of Reno. A day or so before the Fourth the
purse was cut to 60 and 40 instead of 75 and
25 per cent.
It was announced that Charley White, of
New York, would act as second referee, to
take the place of Rickard in case anything
occurred before or during the battle to require
the substitution of another man.
The men were examined by physicians,
according to the laws of Nevada, and pro-
nounced to be in the best possible physical
On July 4 the great arena was filled with
66 I,TFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
20,000 people, and shortly after two o'clock
the principals were in their corners. Johnson
entered the ring at 2 130, and Jeffries followed
two minutes later. In Johnson's corner were
Billy Delaney, Tom Flanagan, Barney Furey,
Kid Cotton and Frank Sutton. Behind Jef-
fries were Jim Corbett, Joe Choynski, Sam
Berger, Farmer Burns, Abe Attell, Bob An; -
strong and Roger Cornell. Timekeeper was
George Harting. Timekeeper for Johnson,
Stanley Ketchell ; for Jeffries, Billy Gallagher;
Announcer, Billy Jordan, of San Francisco.
Referee, Tex Rickard ; second referee, in case
of an emergency, Charley White, of New
York. There were no preliminary bouts.
Time was called at 2 137, and both advanced
to the centre of the ring.
THE BATTLE BY ROUNDS.
First Round — Jeff walked in and Johnson gave
ground. Jolinson led a straight left. Then a clincli
followed. Jelf hooked a left on tlie ueok and in the
clinch sent a left to the body. Johnson responded Avitli
a left and they continued to stand breast to breast,
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 6?
trying for inside blows. As they broke Jeff sent a left
to Johnson's neck and crossed to the body. The round
was tame. As they turned to their corners, Jeff tapped
Johnson on the shoulder and smiled.
Second Round — Jeff assumed liis crouch, but missed
his first attempt. Jack forced the pace and Jeff stepped
nimbly away. Jack sent a left to Jeff's face, and as
they clinched ripped a hard uppercut to Jeffs chin.
They held together and were unwilling to give each
other any chance. Jeff sent a right to the rilis and
took a left on the face at close quarters. Jeff' crouched
and waited for Johnson, but he was not willing. They
came together without a blow and Johnson tried his
uppercut but missed. Jeff put a right on Jack's
shoulder and pushed him about. AVhen they broke
Jack shot his left hard to Jeffs face and tried his up-
percut but missed again. Then there was a lot of
wrestling and not much fighting. The gong rang with-
out a good blow having been struck.
Third Round — Jolmson fell into a short left to the
stomach. Tliey clinched. Jack dashed a left to the
nose and they clinched again. Johnson missed with
right and left uppercuts and then Johnson tried a
vicious right to the head, but Jeffries ducked and
clinched. Johnson was very cautious in tiie break-
aways. Johnson sent two liglit rights to tlu' liead and
liiey clinched. At the bell Jellrics s<'nt a light left to
the head. Tne round was even.
Fourth Round— Johnson sent a left to the head. Jef-
fries blocked Jack's right to tlie same place anil a
68 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
clinch followed. Jeffries sent three hard rights to the
stomach. Johnson put a left to the head. Johnson's
nose Avas bleeding. Jeffries goes into a clinch. Jolin-
son sends a right to the kidneys. In the clinch he sent
a straight left to the head and then took one in return.
They clinched. Johnson held in the clinches. John-
son Avent against the ropes and took three jabs to the
stomach. The crowd Avent Avild at Jeffries' shoAving.
Atthe break Johnson sent a right to the ear, without
damage. Jeffries had a shade the better of this round.
Fifth Round — They sparred and Johnson kept talk-
ing to Jeffries. He kids Jim in the clinches. Jeffries
rushed in Avith left to the ribs. Then a clinch. John-
son sent a long left to the stomach, but did no damage.
Jack Avorked a left uppercut to jaw, and Jim's mouth
was slightly cut. He dashed in and sent two lefts to
face. They sparred and Johnson backed away. He
appeared to be very cautious and played on the defen-
sive. Jeffries sent a straight left to mouth, and an-
other to the nose, increasing the floAV of claret from
that organ. They Avere clinched at the bell. Kound
Sixth Round — The pace was slow up to this time with-
out doing much damage to the men. Johnson shot a left
to Jeff's face and closed Jeff's right eye.. Jack missed
two rights. Jeff's nose was bleeding when the gong rang.
When Jeff took his seat his seconds got busy Avith bis eye,
but Jeff told them that it Avas O. K. It Avas Jolmsou's
Seventh Round — Jeff walked right in. Jack led right
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. O9
and left and missed. Jefif's eye was badly swollen and be
rubbed it with bis glove. He feinted about and tried to
draw Johnson on, but the negro declined to eome in. Jeff
stepped in with left to body, but missed it and took a left
on the head. Jeff hooked a left to the jaw. Johnson
sent in lefls to Ihe face. Jeff pulled his way into another
clinch, but failed to land. He drew Jack into a lead and
shot a left to tiie face. In a close quarter mi.x;;p Jack
sent his left to the face.
Eighth Round — Thej' sparred at the opening and John-
son feinted. They rushed into a clinch and Jack hooked
to the ear with a left. Johnson scut two rights to the
head and repeated a moment later. Johnson 'blocked
beautifully. In a half clinch Jeffries pounded the stom-
ach. Jeffries ducked a left and took a right on chest.
They clinched again. Johnson sent a left to the stomach.
Johnson held in the clinciies and referee breaks them.
Johnson forced a clinch, hanmieiing the kidneys. John-
son tried a terrific right hook to the jaw but missed.
Johnson sent a h'fc to the head. Jeffries dashed in with
a right, but it was blocked. They clinched and Jack
tried rijiht to head, but was short. They were clinched
at the bell. Johnsons round by a slight margin.
Ninth Roimd — Jeff stood up and walked into a left to
the chest. "Make him fight," yelled C'orbett. "Never
mind, just wait," said Johnson. Johnson walked in and
tried left for body. Jeff got inside of it and put his head
against Jack's chest and shoved the black fellow back to
the ropes. Jeff took it all in calmly and seemed to be
waiting the opportunity to land a good one. Jeff walked
70 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
into two left jabs on the face. They did no damage. His
wrist landed hard on the ribs and Johnson did not appear
to like it. It was Jeff's round.
Tenth Round — They came up slowly. Jack shot a left
to the face, but Jeff brushed it away and responded with
a left to the body. Jack again missed a lightning right
to the jaw. Jeflf put his shoulder against Johnson's body
and shoved him back. At close range Johnson sent a left
uppercut to Jiff's face. Jeflf got under a left lead and
seemed to want to wear Jack out by bearing his weight
and shoving him. Jeff struck out two lefts to face from
a clinch and got one of the same kind. Jeff took two
lefts on the face when they broke. He stepped in quickly
and shot a left to the body as gong rang.
Eleventh Round — They walked up carefully, Jeff
finally trying his left only to find it blocked. He took a
left in face three times, but smiled and talked to Jack.
They broke away from a clinch and Johnson sent a stiff
left uppercut to the face and a right to the body. He
kept Jeflf bobbing his head to keep away from the right
uppercut whenever they came together. In a cliuoh Jack
sent two uppercuts to face and Jeflf appeared tired. They
shoved about, Jeflf with his head on shoulder and when
they finally broke Jack hooked left to nose, drawing
blood. Jeff appeared tired, compared with Johnson. Just
before the call of time Jeflf rushed in and sent left and
right to body, but Jack was going away and was not hurt.
Decidedly Johnson's round.
Twelfth Round — .Jim walked over waiting for a
chance to get inside Jack's defense. Jack simply
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 71
waited and then drew back and hooked a left to lace.
"Thought yon said you Avere going to have me wild,"
said Johnson to Corbett's taunts. JelF bored his way
to close quarters, but got a left on the sore nose for his
reward. His nose bled freely and as he turned to take
his seat at the gong he spat out a mass of blood. Jetf
was not worried apparently and looked fresh.
Thirteenth Round — When they broke Johnson sent
a left to the body and a right uppercut to the chin.
"Stick there. Jim," shouted Corbett. Jeff stuck until
he was forced away. Then he took two lefts and a
right uppercut to the jaM'. Holding him with right on
shoulder, Johnson sent in three lefts to face in quick
succession and then an uppercut to the face. Jeff
seemed to be slow. He could not solve Johnson's de-
fense and took all the blows that came his way. Jack
swung a left to the face and then calmly clinched.
Jetf continued to come in. The round was all Johnson's.
Fourteenth Round — JeflTs eye Avas almost closed.
Jeff walked into a left to the ear. Jack tapped the big
fellow on tiie face twice and blocked Jeff's att(unpt at
close fighting. Jeff took three straight lefts to face
and got in a left to face. JetFs lefts Avere blocked by
Johnson before they could get Avithin six inches of his
face. "How you feel, Jim?" said Jack, as they closed
in and clinched. "How you like 'em?" Jetf Avore a
sober look and made no response. He took three
more lefts. "They don't hurt," said Jeff.
Fifteenth Round— When the men faced each other it
was plain to all that Jeffries was in distress. His face was
72 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
puffed and bleeding from the punishing lefts and rights
he had received, and his movements were languid. He
shambled after the elusive negro, sometimes crouching
low with his hand stuck out in front, and sometimes stand-
ing erect. Stooping or erect, he was a mark for John-
son's accurately driven blows. Johnson simply waited
for tlie big white man to come in and chopped his face to
pieces. They came into a clinch after a feeble attempt
by Jeffries to land a left hand blow on the body, and as
they broke away Jack shot his left and right to the jaw in
a flash. Jeffries staggered back against the ropes. His
defensive power seemed to desert him in an inslant. John-
son dashed at him like a tiger. A rain of lefts and rights
delivered at close quarters sent Jeffries reeling blindly.
Another series of short, snappy punclies and the big
white giant went down for the first time in his ring career.
He fell under the top rope, over the lower one and onto
the overhang of the platform. Resting on his haunches
and right elbow Jeffries looked around in a dazed way
and got up at the coimt of nine. While he was down
Johnson stood almost over him until Rickard waved him
back. He stood ready to strike, and when Jeffries arose
from his knees he dashed in again. Jeffries reeled about
and tried to clinch, but Johnson eluded him, and as the
old champion swung around to the South side of the ring
he jolted him twice on the jaw. Jeffries sank to his knees
weak and tired, but got up again at the count of nine. It
was then that Jeffries' friends began to call to Rickard to
stop the fight.
Rickard gave no heed to these appeals, Jeffries was
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 73
hi Iplcss DOW, and as lie staggered to bis feet the negro
was waiting for him. A left, a right and another left,
short, snappy, powerful blows, found their mark on Jef-
fries" eiiin and lie went down for the third time. Again
he sprawled over the lower rope, hanging half outside the
ring. The timekeeper rai.sed and lowered his arm, tolling
off the seconds. He bad reached the c lunt of seven when
some of Jeffries' seconds put foot inside the ropes and
Rickard walked between the fallen man and the negro
champion. Placing his hand on Johnson's shoulder he
declared bim the winner. While Jeffries was not counted
out, this was merely a technical evasion. It was evident
that be could never have got up inside ten seconds.
STATISTICS OF THE BATTLE.
Johnson's share of the money was §145,600, as follows:
Sixtj'- per cent, of the purse . - - - §60,600
Share of moving pictures 50,000
Earned after signing articles and before fight - 25,000
Jeffries' end was as follows:
Forty per cent, of the purse . . . . §40,400
Share of moving pictures 66,666
Total -------- §117,066
Earned after signing articles and before fight - 75,000
Total earned by both fighters - - - - §;3;:37,666
Tlie gate receipts amounted to $270,775; there were
15,760 i)aid admissions; the profits on the battle which
went to Kickard and Gleason were about §120,000.
74 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
JACK JOHNSON'S RECORD.
Born Mar. 31. 1878, Galveston, Tex. Height 6 tt. 1% i J. Weight, 195 pounds
1897 : Beat— S. Smith 10 rounds. Jim Rocks, 4 rounds.
1898: Knockout— Rediiy Breuier. 3 rounds. Won— Jim Cole, 4 rounds.
Draw — Henry Smith, 15 rounds.
1899 : Draw— Pat Smitli, 12 rounds.
1900: Beat— Josh Mills, 12 rounds. Draw— Klondike, 20 rounds.
1901: Knockout— Horace Miles, 3 rounds. Charley Brooks, 2 rounds.
George Lawlor, 10 rounds. Won— John Lee, 15 rounds. Jack McCor-
mick, 7 rounds. Jack McCormick, 7 rounds. Knocked out by-
Joe Choynski, in March, 1901, 3 rounds.
Frank Childs -
Ed Johnson -
Joe Kennedy -
Bob White -
. . .
Jim Scanlon -
. . . .
Klondike - -
Billy stift - -
. . .
Hank Griffin -
Los Angeles -
Pete Everett -
Los Anseles -
Fred Kussell -
Los Angeles •
Denver Ed Martin •
Los Angeles -
Los Angeles -
Frank Childs -
Ed Martin •
Los Angeles -
Ml'K AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
San Francisco -
Joe Jean iiette
Jack .Munroe -
Black Bill -
Sandy Ferguson -
Won on loul
Joe Grim -
Joe Jean nette
Lost on foul
Yu. Peter Jackaon
Joe Jean nette
Joe Jean nette
New York -
Joe Jeanneite -
Cbarley Hagliey -
Billy Dunning -
Joe Jeannetie -
Joe Jeanneite -
J'eter Felix -
Sidney, A us.
Reading - - .
t'olma . . .
Tommy Burns -
Vbil jHCk O'Brien
James J. Jeffries -
Reno. Nev. -
Jim Flynn -
- Lhs Vegas
76 l.IFK AND HATTLK.S f)F JACK JOHNSON.
JAMES J. JEFFRIES.
James J. Jeffries was born in Carroil, Oiiio. His first battle of
record was witn T. VanBuskirk, whom lie knocked out in two rounds.
He beat Peter Jaeuson in three rounds, Tom Sharkey in twenty rounds,
and then came East to show his calibre. He was a failure, ior he was
billed to box two men at the Lenox Athletic Club, in New York. Arm-
strong and Steve O'Donnell. He beat the former in ten rounds, but
claimed he had hurt his hand and could not go on with O'Donnell. That
was on August 5. His next appearance in the ring was when be gained
the title by knocking out Bob Fitzsimmons. He won again in the same
year from Tom Sharkey at Coney Island, the contest going the limit, but
it was a questionable decision, the sailor forcing the fight all the way and
mixing It at the finish. Many of the leading sporting men who witnessed
the battle were of the opinion that it should have been a draw at least.
For twenty-three rounds before the same club, on May 11, 1900, Cor-
bett made Jeffries look like a novice, punching him when and where
he pleased without a return, until the big fellow ended matters by catch-
ing the ex-champion on the jaw with a left hook and putting him down
for the count.
Jeffries met Hank Griffln, Joe Kennedy and Gus Ruhlin in 1901
taking on Old Fitz in San Francisco on July 25. 1902, and knocking him>
out in eight rounds. He agreed to put Jack Munroe, the Butte minen
oul in four rounds at Butte, Mont., but failed, and so lost the decision.
He knocked out Corbett in ten rounds on August 14, 1903, in San
Francisco, and beat Jack Mu'rne m t'^'^same city the year following.
Born 1875, Carroll, Ohio. Height 6 ft. 1!4 in. Heavyweight. White.
1897: Knockout— T. VanBuskirk, 2 rounds. Dick Baker, 9 rounds.
Draw— Gus Ruhlin, 20 rounds. Joe Cnovnski, 20 rounds.
1898; Won— Joe Goddard, 4 rounds. Peter Jackson. 3 rounds. Pete
Everett, 3 rounds. Tom Sharkey, 20 rounds. Bob Armstrong, 10
1899: Knockout— Bob Fitzsimmons, 11 rounds. Won— Tom Sharkey,
1900: KnocKOut— Jack Finnegan, 1 round. Jim Corbett, 23 rounds.
- - 4
Joe Kennedy -
Los Angeles -
Gus Ruhlin -
- - 2
Jack Johnson -
- Knockout by
Reno, Nev. •
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 77
JOHN L. SULLIVAN.
They rail him "The Nolilest Roman of Them All." And it i^n't
without reason, either, for he was a erent man. and he is a great man.
who was always on the level. His popularity « ill never fade nor wane.
John L. Sullivan was born on October 15, 1853. In his early days he
nnpeared in many boxing contests in and around Boston, where he soon
I ej.iriio a popular favorite. The first battle which brought him to the
n.Ticecfthe seneral public was with Donaldson, nt Cincinnati, Ohio.
S i.livan beat him easily, but the loser was not satwtied and challenged
the Boston Strong Boy to meet him with hrd uloves for $500 a side.
They met in a room in Cincinnati on December 28, 1881. By running
awav Donaldson lasted ten rounds before he was knocked out. Later,
wlien Sullivan came to New York, he made the announcement that he
would give any man in the world $50 wlio would stand up against him
for four rounds. The first man to try for the money was Steve Taylor,
but his seconds threw up the "ponge in two rounds.
It was then that Mr. Richard K. Fox l^egan to taUe an interest in
pugilism, and he expres.sei his willingness to back Sullivan or anyone
else against him in a battle for the championship of the world. Mr. Fox
oSered, also, to have made a valuab'e and handsome belt to be emblem-
otic of the title. At that time the only suitable antagonist for Sullivan
seemed 10 be Paddy Rynn, It didn't take very long to arrange matters,
and on Octoher 5, 1881, Sullivan's representatives were in the Poi.rcic
(iAZKTTE cilice and the match was made for ?2 .500 a side, to be held
witliin one hundred miles of New Orleans, Ln., on February 7, 1882.
The figlit WHS held at Mississippi Citvand was the beginning of a new
era in i)Ugili<(m in America. Over 15,000 persons were present at the
ringside. A moment before tmie was culled, William II. Harding, then
the sporting editor ol the Police (Gazette, stepped into the ring and
gave Ryan gl.OOO presented by Richarl K. Fox. with which to bet on
himself. Tne bet was taken and the monev placed in the hands of
Harry Hill, the ofTicial stakeholder. Then began a fight that made
pugilistic history, anil created more excitement in this connt-y than e".
of the other pugilistic battles which had preceded It. The contest lasted
nine rounds and started Sullivan on the road to success.
After a short tour in which be met all comers, agreeing to stop ther>
In lour rounds, Sullivan, at a benefit In Washington Park, New York,
July 4, 1882, agreed to give |5<X) to Jimmy Elliott ar^d f250 tc any other
78 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON,
man wlio would last four tliree-minute rounds against him. No one but
Elliott appeared to claim tbe chance to make a little change. Elliott
lasted a trifle over three rounds. In the early part of the fourth round
be was hit so hard that his handlers thought he had been killed.
With the object in view of fostering the boxing game Richard K. Fox
had a short time previous sent to England for Jim Collins, better known
as Tug Wilson, to come over and meet Sullivan. The latter refused to
make a match with him until he had first had a hout with the gloves, so
the matter was arranged and Madison Square Garden, New York, was
secured for the purpose, on the evening of July 17, 1882. The occasion
resulted in a record-breaking crowd. Wilson was to stay four thrie-
minute rounds, and if be succeeded be was to get fl.OOOand half of the
gate money. By not standing up and fighting, and falling to avoid
punishment whenever tbe opportunity oQered, and by taking the fu;l
count every time, Wilson managed to stay the required four rounds and
won the money. But it wasn't a fight, by any means, it was a farce.
After this aflair Mr. Fox ofifered to back Wilson against Sullivan for
J5.000 a side, but the champion refused to even consider it.
Sullivan's next contest of note was with Charley Mitchell, the boxing
champion of Eng'and, at Madison Square Garden, New York. May 4.
1883. Mitchell was quite sure he could stay four rounds with the cham-
pion. The Boston Boy bad the Englishman beaten in three rounds
when he fought him down and bad fallen on top of him. But when
Mitchell got to his feet, apparently dazed, Captain Williams jumped into
the ring and stopped the battle.
As in the case of Tug Wilson Sullivan refused to meet Mitchell later
in a twenty-four foot ring.
After this fight Mr. Fox sent for and backed Herbert Slade, the
Maori, who was then in New Zealand with Jem Mace. The men met at
Madison Square Garden on August 6, 1883, Sullivan agreeing to put t'.e
Maori away inside of four rounds. He bad no trouble this time, as three
rounds were enough for the New Zealander.
After that Sullivan appeared in minor contests, meeting such men
as Dominick McCaflfrey, Patsey Car Jiff, Alf Greenfield and others.
In July. 1387, Mr. Fox posted §1,000 with the New York Clipper to
bind a match between Jake Kilrain and Sullivan, for the Police
Gazette diamond belt. |5.000 a side and the championship of Amerii'ii.
but Sullivan refused to meet ICilrain.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 79
On November 23, 1888, Sullivan met Paddy Ryan in a tour-round
coniesl lor gate money. Ryan was knocked out in the third round.
Sullivan and Charley Mitchell met at Cliantilly, France, on March
10, 1886, in a battle for $2,500 a side, under the rules of the London prize
ring. After thirly-nine rounds, vvhicli took three hours and eleven
II inutes, the battle was declared a draw on account of darkness.
And now came the battle for the largest stake ever fought for up to
that time, $20,000 and the Police Gazktte diamond belt. It was pulled
oft at Richhurg, Miss., July 8, 1889, Sullivan's opponent on this occasion
was Jake Kllrain, who represented the Police Gazette. As in the
case of Ryan, Mr. Fox had given $1,000 to Kilrain to bet on himself.
Under a broiling sun the men fought seventy-five rounds, Kilrain tieing
unable to appear for the seventy-sixth.
Sullivan's Waterloo came in the ring of the Olympic Club, New
Orleans, La., September 7, 1902, when he met James J. Corbett. It can
be told in a few words, this downfall of a great champion who had held
his own for twelve years. For twenty-one rounds he stood up against
youth and cleverness, and then he settled down on ti:e floor of the ring,
losing a purse of $25,000, a side tiel of $10,000, and the title, but not his
Born Oct. 15. 1858, Boston, Mass. Height 5 ft. 10J| In. Heavyweight.
1880: Knockout— Oeorge Rooke. 2 rounds. J. Donaldson. 10 rounds.
Exliibition— Joe Ooss, 3 rounds.
1881 : Won— Steve Taylor, 2 roumls. John Flood, 8 rounds. Knockout
—Fred Crossley, 1 round. James Dalton, 4 rounds. Jack Burns, 2
1882: Won— Paddy Ryan, 9 rounds. John McDermott, 3 rounds. Knock-
out—Jimmy Klliott, 3 rounds. K.xhihilion- Tug Collins, 4 rounds.
1883: Won— Charlie Mitchell, 3 rounris. Herbert A. Slade, 3 rounds.
1884 : Won— Fred Rohinson, 3 rounds, (ieorge M. Robinson, 4 rounds.
Rnos Pliillips. 4 rounds, .lohn M. Ladin, 3 rounds. Alf Oreenlield,
2 rounds. KnocKOUt— Al Marx, 1 round. i)an Henry, 3 round. William
Fleming, 1 round.
1885: Won— Alf Oreentield. 4 rounds. Jack BurUe, 5 rounds. Dom.
McCaftrev, 6 rounds. Police Interlerence— Paddv Ryan.
1888 " Rounds
Sept. 18 Frank Herald
Nov. 13 Paddy Ryan
Dec. 28 Duncan McDonald
Jan. 18 Patsy Cardifi
Mar. 10 Charley Mitchell
July 8 Jake Kilrain
Sept. 7 Jim Cortiett
Aug. 31 Tom Sbarkey
San F'randsco -
Denver, Col. -
So LIFE AND liAi TLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
JAMES J. CORBETT.
James J. Corbett was horn in California September 1, 1866, and \i
tnenty-six years old wlien he became champion of America by l.eatim^
Sullivan. His first battle of any note wag with David Kiseman wlien he
was eighteen years of a:je. He won in two rounds. Tl.en he met James
Dailey, whom he beat in four rounds. He bested Buffa'o Costello and
Duncan McDonald, but his first important contest was with Joe Choynsui
on a barse in the middle of the Sacramento Kiver. Tiiey fought with
small gloves, and it is said that more money was wagered on this fisht
than on any that ever took place in California. ChoynsUi was out-clai?sed
and was beaten in twenty-seven roumls. Corbett did not come into sen-
eral public notice, however, until he met Jake Kiirain in a six-round
contest at New Orleans. After that he bestPd Dominick McCafirey easily,
Returning to the Coast he made a match with Peter Jackson for a puree
of $10,000. Jackson was the favorite, and the California Club officials
stopped tiie battle at the end of the sixty-first round with a decision of a
After a successful theatrical tour he met Charlie Mitchell in 1894 at
Jacksonville, Fla. It was a short, sharp, fierce battle, Corl.ett knocking
the Englishman cold in three rounds.
He fought Tom Sharkey a four round draw in San Francisco, and
then on March 17, 1897, he went down to defeat at Carson City, Nev.,
before Bob Fitzsimmons. The battle lasted fourteen rounds, and a
punoli on the solar plexus made the Australian champion of the world.
On November 22, 1898. he met Tom Sharkey in New York for the
second time, and was heins; beaten by the rugged sailor wlien McVey,
one of Corbett 's seconds, jumped into the i in;, and Sharkey was awarded
t:je fight on a foul.
Corbett and McCoy met in Madison Square Garden on August 30,
1900, and McCoy was knocked out in five rounds, Jt has always been
claimed that this contest was prearranged, and that those who were in
right" knew in advance what the outcome would be.
Born Sept. 1, 1866, San Francisco, Cal. Height, 6 ft. 1 in. Heavyweight.
1886: Knockout— Billy Welch, 1 round. Lost — Billy Welch, 4 rounds.
1887: Draw— Jack Burke, 8 rounds.
1888: Draw— Frank Glover, 3 rounds.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. gl
1889: Won— J(ie Clioynski, 4 rounds. Knockout— Joe Cliovnski, 27
rounds. Draw— Dave Campbell, 10 rounds. Police interference— Joe
Clioynski, 4 rounds.
1890: Won— Jake Kilrain, 6 rounds. Dom. McCaflrey, 4 rounds. Ex-
liibilinn— Mike Donovan, 3 rounds.
1891 : Won— Ei. Kinney. 4 rounds. Draw— Peter Jackson, 61 rounds,
Exbibition, Jobn L. Sullivan, 4 rounds. Jim Hall. 4 rounds.
1892: Won— Bill Spillings. 1 round. Bob Caffrey, 1 round. John L. Sul-
livan. 21 rounds. No decision— Joe Lannon.
1894: Knockout— Cbarlie Mitchell, 3 rounds. Peter Courtney, 6 rounds
1896 • Draw— Thomas Sliarkey, 4 rounds.
Lost on Foul
New York -
Knocked out by
Ki 1 McCoy -
Knocked out by
82 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
Robert Fitzsjmmons, when he met Corbett, fought for the Champion,
ship of the World, and it was so speciflei in the articles of agreement-
He was the Champion of Australia, and the English title at that time
WHS divided between Peter Jackson, Jem Smith, Slavln and Charley
Mitchell, 80 that in winning from Corbett he really became the tirst
champion of the^world. He was born in Cornwall, England, June 4.
1862. Ijut spent most of his early life in Australia. He was a born fighter,
so tiiat it did not take him long to learn the science of the game.
When Jem Mace reached the town of Timaru with his troupe of
boxers, Fitz presented himself as a candidate for tistic honors and knocked
out four of Mace's men in one night. That whs his beginning. A year
later the young blacksmith met allcomers at Mace's second visit, and put
five men away ofl the reel, even offering to fight Mace tiimself. After a
few battles he wentto Sydney, where he added to his reputation by knocK-
ing out half a dozen men. It was there that he was beaten by Jim Hall, but
there is a question as to whether or not that go was on the level. The
money he got out of that contest brought him to America.
His first fight in this country was with Frank Allen, in San Francisco,
who quit with his wrist broken. After demonstrating his superiority, he
decided to go after Jack Dempsey, the Nonpareil. The match was made
the Olympic Club of New Orleans getting it, and the men met on Januflry
14. 1891. At that time Dempsey was the holder of the middleweight
championship belt which had been presented to him by Richard K. Fo.v.
It was an historic battle and attracted a great deal of attention. Although
Dempsey was an overwhelming favorite, Fitzsimmons beat him unmer-
cifully, and knocked him out in the thirteenth round, after begging him
to quit, gaining the middleweight championship.
Then arrived on the scene Peter Maher. "Champion of Ireland. '
The Olympic Club of Nca- Orleans got the bout for a $10,000 purse, and
the men met on March 2, 1892. It looked like a good fight for a while
but Fitz Bhowed his superiority and Maher quit at the end of the twelfth
round. Then, on March 8, 1893, came his fight with his old opponent'
Jim Hall, of Australia. It was held in tbe arena of the Crescent City
Athletic Club of New Orleans. Nearly all of the New York money went
on HaH. In the fourth round he was hit flush on the Jaw. and knocked
out so thoroughly that it was twenty minutes before be revived, acd
many thought be was dead.
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. gz
His next important battle was witli Jos Cljoynski at the Boston
f Muss.) Theatre, June 17, 1894. It was carded to ao eiglit rounds, and if,
at the expiration of tliat time, both men were on their feel, it was to be a
draw. Choynski was badly beaten in tlie fifth round, only the call of
time saving him, and in the sixth the contest was so one-sided that the
police interfered, so it was called a draw anyhow.
The next to come along was Dan Creedon, who called himself mid-
dleweight champion of Australia. He got his in two rounds in the
OljmpicClub of New Orleans on September 25, 1894, and it was five
minutes before he l<new what bit him.
Then nesotiations were entered into with William Brady, who rep-
resented Corbett, with the object in vie v of securinj^ a match nitti the
champion, but nothing came of them. Fitz while showing at Syracuse,
N. Y., accidentally killed Con Kiordan, his sparring partner, but at the
subsequent trial was discharged.
He fought Peter Maher at Langtry, Texas, on Febrnarj' 21, 1896, and
knocked him out in exactly ninety-five seconds.
Fitzsimmons met Sharuey at the Mechanic's Pavilion, San Francisco,
December 2, 1896. Wyntt Earp, a gun man, wiis referee. In the seventh
round Fitzsimmons had his man beaten. In the eighth round he upper-
cut him and sent him down and out. Sharkey tried to rise, but could
not, and the referee gave the decision to the sailor amid the hisses of the
There was a contest in the courts over the payment of the purse of
$10,000, but it was eventually given to Siiarkey.
For the second time articles of agieemeni were signed between Filz-
sirtimonsandCorlaett. who were to fi^ht for the title und the Police Gazette
13,000 Diamond Belt. At a meeting held in the Police Gazette office,
I Dan Stuart was present, prepared to give a purse of $15 000 for the con-
test. The date was set for March 17, 1897, ana Mr. Fox was selected us
stakeholder. At the second meeting Cnrson City, Nev., was named as
the battle-ground. The result bus i.lready been told, except that when
Corbett found that he had been beaten and Fitzsimnjons i ad received the
decision, he wanted to continue the battle. Brady was wild and chall-
enged Fiiz to meet Corbett again for $20,000 a side, but the crowd didn't
take him seriously.
Fitz^immons held his title a trifle over two years, and then he was
raaiched to meet James J. Jeffries on June 9, 1899, at Coney Island. He
I ut np a good, gtime battle, but the bollermaker was too heavy for film.
84 ^AFK AND RATTI,ES OF JACK JOHNSON.
He absorbed punisLiment lii^e a glutton, and in ti.e eleventh round Jed
dropped the Australian for the count and ended his championship career.
After that Fiiz met JefllThorne in Chicago, and put him away. He
also heat Jim Daly; knocked out El. Dunkhorst in two rounds; Gus
Rulilin in six rounds; and then got square with Torij Sharkey I y putting
him away in tno rounds at Coney Island. On July 25, 1902, he fousht
Jeffries a spcond time in San Francisco, and was knocked out in eii^lit
ronnds. His last light was witli Philadelphia Jacic O'Brien in San
Francisco. He lost in thirteen rounds.
Bern June 4, 1862, Elston, Cornwall, England.
1890: Won— Billy McCarthy, 9 rounds. Knockout— Arthur Upham. 5
rounds. Lost— Jim Hall, 4 rounds.
1891: Won— Black Pearl, 4 rounds. Knockout— Jack Dempsey. 13
rounds. Abe Congle, 2 rounds.
1892: Won— Peter Maher, 12 rounds. Knockout— James Farrell, 2 rounds.
Joe Godfrey, 1 round. Jerry Slattery, 2 rounds. Millard Zander, 1
1893: Won- Jack Hickey, 3 rounds. Knoci<out— Jim Hall. 4 rounds.
Phil Mayo, 2 rounds. Warner, 1 round.
1894: Knockout- Frank Kellar, 2 rounds. Dan Creedon, 2 rounds.
Draw— Joe Choynsici, 5 rounds.
1896: Knockout- Peter Maher, 1 round. No decision— Peter Malier, 3
rounds. Lost on Foul— Tom Sharkey. 8 rounds.
1897: Won— James J. Corbett, 14 rounds.
1899: Knockout— Jeff Tliorne, 1 round. Knocked out by— Jim Jeffries,
Won Philadelphia - 1
Knockout Brooklyn • - 2
■ Knockout New York - - 6
Knockout Coney Island - 2
Mir. 27 Jim Daly
April 30 Ed. Dunkhorst
Aug. 10 Gus Ruhlin
Au^'. 24 Tom Sharkey •
June 25 Jim Jeffries -
Sent. 30 Con Coughlin •
Ojf. 14 Joe Grim
N'lV. 25 George Gardiner
July 23 Phila Jack O'Brien
Dec. 20 Phila Jaclv O'Brien
July 17 Jack Johnson -
Knocked out by San Francisco
I.II-'K AND RATII.KS OF JACK JOHNSON. 85
Tommy Bums ia the man who picked up his title on the road. He
never fought for it, but annexed It after the retirement of Jefifries. He
was born on June 17, 1881, at Hanover, Ont., and his first battle was with
Fred Thornton, whom lie linoclced out in five rounds. He did tlie tru-ic
twice. He was a hard worl^er at the game, fighting ten men in his
second year out. After tie had become a self-stj'led champion, lie went
abroad and picked up a lot of easy marlcs, knocicing them all out, one
after the other. Jack Palmer, Jem Roche, Jewey Smith, Bill Squires
and Bill Lang all went down before him, and then he was practically
forced to make a match with Jacic Johnson. That is an old story now,
but it IS a well-known fact that from the time the first bell rang Burns
never had a look in.
Born June 17, 1881, Hanover, Ontario. Height. 5 ft. 7 in. Color white.
1900 : Knocko:it— Fred Thornton, twice, 5 rounds each.
1901: Knockout— Billy Walsh, 5 rounds. Archie Steele, 2 rounds. F.d.
Sholtreau, 1 round. Billy Walsh, 6 rounds. Dick Snaith, 9 round".
Reddy Phillips, 9 rounds. Jack C'Donnell, 8 rounds. Won— Dick
Smith. 10 rounds. Tom McCune, 10 rounds. Lost— Mike Schreck, 10
- - 2
Reddy Phillips -
K nodi out
S. Miirie -
Oeorge Shroshrpc -
Mike Schreck -
Tony Cnponi -
• . 6
86 I-IFE AXD BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON.
Billy Woods -
Jim Walker -
Los Angeles -
Phila Jack O'Br
en - Draw
Joe Grim -
Jack Palmer -
Jem Roche -
Jewey Smith -
Bill Squires -
LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON. 87
Born July 3, 1861. Heiulit, 6 ft. Y^ in. Heavyweislit. Color, black.
1882: Draw— Jack Hayes. Knockout— Jack Haye.s, 7 romids. Sati
Uriton, 20 minutes. Mick Dooley, 3 rounds.
July 26 Bill Farnaa
- ■ ' - Bill Farnan •
Sept, 25 Tom Leea
Lost Melljourne, Aus. - 3
Draw Melbourne, Au.s. 6
Won Sydney, Aus. - SO
Aui,'. 24 George Godfrey
Dec. 27 Joe WcAuliffe
26 Patsy Cardill .
1 Shorty Kincaid -
U Sailor Brown -
5 Paddy Bren nan
9 Ginger McCoriuick
19 Jack Fallon
.5 Alf Mitcliell
• Jack Partridge -
- Jem Young
Jack Watts -
• Coddy Meddings
- Alf Ball
Jera Smith -
Ed Smith •
San Francisco •
Virginia City, Nev.
MaiysvillP. Cal. -
88 LIFE AND BATTLES OF JACK JOHNSON
Jlay 21 Jim Corbetl - - Draw Shu Francisco - 61
Jan. 12 Al Fisli - - - Won riiicago - . . 2
Jan. 12 Jack Dalton - - Knockout ChiCHSio - . - 3
May 30 Frank Slavin - Knockout London - - 10
- - - - Jim JeSries - - Lost San Francisco - 3
Born Dec. 24, 1879, Brooklj-n, N. Y. Height, 6 ft. 9>2 in. Heavyweight,
Italian-Americnn. Color, White.
1901: Knockout— Chambers, 4 rouncis. Ed Seaman, 4 rounds. Ray Condy,
2rounif8. Won — Fred Davis, 6 rounds. Pat Malloy, 6 rounds. Fred
France, 6 rouiKls. Kid Dawson, 3 rouiids.
1902: Knorkoul— Jack Lavell. 2 rounds. Georstp Condie, 2 rounds. Joe
Tracy, 15 rounds. Biirnt'y Passow, 12 rouncJs. Ed Burns, 11 rounds.
Jack Graham, 7 rounds. Won — W^illard Bean, 20 rounds. Won-toul —
Jack Graham, 5 rounds. Draw— Joe Cotton, 20 rounds. Dummy
Rowan, 20 rounds.
1903: KnocKout— Wm. JJalloy, 20 ro'inds. Kid Rowley, 2 rounds. Austin
Yale. 7 rounds. Eddie Kellv, 20 rounds. Lost— Jtck Root, 8 rounds.
Draw— Tom Kinslev, 15 rounds. Tom Kinsley, 20 rounds.
1904: KnotKOUt— Tom Kissile, 3 rounds. Ed ilcCoy, 3 rounds. Tim
Hurley, 6 rounds. Ed coolev, 8 rounds. Ed Cooley.6 rounds, ^\■on —
Cyclone Kelly, 20 rounds. Won-foul— Tim Hurley, 7 rounds. Draw-
Andy Walsli, 20 rounds. Harry Peppers, 10 rounr.s. Morgan Williams,
20 rounds. Tommy Rilev, 20 rounds. Geortie Gardiner. 10 rounds.
1905: Knockout- Mor<;an Williams, 4 rounds. Dummy Rowan, 4 rounds.
Jimmy Rowan, 6 rounds. Andy Malloy, 2 rounds. Draw— Tom Riley,
1906: Knocke i out by— Tommy Burns, 15 rounds. Draw— Jack (Twin)
Sullivan, 20 rounds.
1907: Knockout- Georue Gardiner, 18 rounds. Dave Barry, 7 rounds.
Bill Squires, 6 rounds. Knocked out by- Jack Jolinson, 11 rouncis.
Won— Jack (T^.in) Sullivun, 20 rounds. Won-foul— Tony Ross. 18
rounds. Draw— Jack (Tnin) Suli van, 20 rounds.
1908: Knocked out hy— Al Kauflman, 9 rounds. Sam LauL'ford.l round.
Draw— Jim Barry, 10 rounds. No decision— J. (Twin) Sullivan, lo
rouiiiis. Jim Barry, 10 rounds. Batilins Jolinson, 10 rounds. Won —
Ralilini; Johnson, 10 rounds. Battling Johnson, 10 rounds.
LIFE AND RATTLES OF JACK JOHNSOX
R e C O R D - Continued.
Los Angeles -
- - 10
Mont. Jack Sullivan - No decision
Phil. Jack O'Brien
- No decision
- No decision
Knocked out by
Tony Capon i
Kansas City -
Carl Morris -
Cliarley Sclniiidt -
Fort Wortii -
Salt Lake City
Laa VegHs -
ALL SPORTING RECORDS
GREATEST OF REFERENCE BOOKS
ACTUAL SIZE OF BOOK SX-lJj INCHES.
Mailed for Six 2-cent Stamps.
THE STANDARD SPORTING AUTHORITY
PUBLISHED EVERY YEAR.
XHK BKST BOXER
The BKST BOOK
All the Scientific Points of Boxine Made Plain
Sent on Receipt of Seven 2-cent Stamps
iNEw book: on
By prank: gotch
The World's Champion
N?20-FOXS ATHLETIC LIBRARY'
An indispensible book for those who
wish to learn the art of WRESTLING.
SENT ON RECEIPT OF SEVEN 2 -CENT STAMPS
n Here's a Standard Authority !
N9 4-FOX'S ATHLETIC LIBRARY.
THE AUTHORITY ON CARDS
When You Get This Book You Get The Best.
lfT7 "m" POX'S revised edition of 1
. PUBLfSMEO BY
^ BICHABB. K. POX
Mailed for Fifteen 2-cent Stamps.
In this book are Rules on Card Games which are
official, and recognized as such all over the world.
Do You Play Poket?
QET THIS BOOK
HOW TO WIN
RICHARD K. FOX Publisher.
It Will Show You How To Win Legitimately
HAINDV VEST POCKET SIZE
SENT BY MAIL FOR SIX 2 CENT STAMPS
•• ts ^
• -^ ^
CENTRA! AA 000 891 494 7
University oi oaiiiornia, San Diego
^gg 1 7 1Q77
K9jfe.t l ^^^88
MAY 1 5 2000
M i i:i\Liui\y-vi\ I Lv^/Ai S
NOV 1 :^ 1 9 88
Kb 2 k! 1991
APR 3 1994