Skip to main content
This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project
to make the world's books discoverable online.
It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover.
Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the
publisher to a library and finally to you.
Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.
We also ask that you:
+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for
personal, non-commercial purposes.
+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.
+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it.
+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.
About Google Book Search
Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web
at |http : //books . google . com/
^Publlsh'-rp . W-:*'-!?!
.^ej-. t I )
A »-^ v^. K
THE LIFE OF
ISAAC WILSON JOYCE
WHBUB FLETCHER SflEBIDAN
OINOINNATI: JENNINGS AlTD GBAHAM
NEW YORK: EATON AND MAINS
OOPTBIOHT, 1807. BT
Jwsrvm&H A Gbahax
This Book is
To THB Faithful Gompakion
WHO Walked by His Side
THE original arrangement was that Dr.
Richard J. Cooke should write the biog-
raphy of Bishop Joyce. No one was better
fitted to do so, as he had been long and intimately
associated with him in his later years. After some
months, however. Dr. Cooke found his duties as
Book Editor so multiplying on his hands, and his
necessary absence in Europe on official duties re-
quiring so much of his time, that he was compelled
to give up the task. I was then asked to under-
take it. My acquaintance with Bishop Joyce had
begun in my childhood, when he was our family's
pastor at Greencastle, Indiana. While the work
has been most congenial, two things have made it
difficult: first, the fact that I have been in the midst
of the pressing labors of a heavy city pastorate;
second, that Bishop Joyce left comparatively little
written data. He was pre-eminently a man of
action, and was too busy making history to record
it, and too busy preaching sermons even to write
them. Both his words and deeds, however, are
stomped imperishably in the hearts of men in four
continents. W. F. S.
Baltimore, March, 1907.
M<mnt Vernon Place Parsonage.
I. Anckbtry—Bikth— Childhood, - - - 9
II. Youth— CoNVKRBioN— Education, - - 17
III. Into the Msthodibt Ministry, - - - 23
IV. The Cibcuit Bideb, 28
V. Ten Years in Lafayette, - - - - 41
YI. Pastorates at Baltimore and Grbbn-
oastle, ------- 61
YII. Cincinnati Pastorates, - - . - 69
Vni. Elected Bishop, 76
IX. His Episcopal Besidences — Chattanooga
AND Minneapolis, 87
X. As AN Administrator, . - - . 104
XI. As A Preachbb, 116
XII. Bishop Joyce and Fobbign Missions, - 129
Xm. His Missionaby Toubs Thbough Asia, - 161
XIV. Bishop Joycb and the Epwobth League, 179
XV. Deoobation Day Address Dbliysbed at
XVI. HiB Religious Ezpebisnck, - - - 208
XVII. A Beautiful Home Life, - - - - 220
XVIII. The Last Days, 227
XIX. Isaac Wilson Jotob as We Knew Him, 249
XX. Estimates by Ohuboh Leadebs, - - - 260
Ancestey — ^BiETH — Childhood.
AT that latitude in our land wHere the cold
l\ intellectualism of the North meets the warm
magnetism of the South, it might be ex-
pected that a type of mind and temperament
should be produced which should blend the two.
And if it be the region, also, where the East
and West meet, it might reasonably be antici-
pated that there would be united with the already
composite character something of the caution and
conservatism of the East, together with the energy
and breeziness of the West. And it might further
be expected that In this region would arise the most
facile and adaptable kind of Americanism. Fus-
ing as it would, the several elements, and coming
into constant touch with them, there would arise
a composite type that could appreciate the view-
point of all, and become readily representative
It is this very thing that has happened. And
as one result, Ohio has become the fatherland of
Presidents and of bishops. It is not that that
10 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
State has produced men of greater intellectual
girth or eloquence, but that she has produced a
more representative, because a more composite
type. "Bom in Ohio for political purposes,*' is
the way a Congressional wit, the Honorable Adam
Bede, of Minnesota, puts it.
Ohio has given to the people called Methodists
thirteen of their bishops: Ames, Simpson, W. L.
Harris, Foster, Merrill, Walden, Thobum, Cran-
ston, McCabe, Moore, McDowell, M. C. Harris,
and the subject of our biography, Isaac Wilson
If **to be bom obscure and die famous is the
acme of human felicity,*' Bishop Joyce attained
the apex of human happiness. His father, James
Wilson Joyce, was a humble farmer and plasterer,
living, at the time of Isaac's birth, on a farm in
Colerain Township, Hamilton County, near Cin-
cinnati, Ohio. There, on the 11th of October,
1886, Isaac was bom. His father's maternal
grandfather was the Reverend Isaac Wilson, a
Scotch Presbyterian minister of Ireland. They
gave to the child the name of this ministerial an-
cestor. Bishop 'Joyce's grand-parents, on his
father's side, were William and Margaret Wilson
"The Joyces traced tKeir ancestry back to Wil-
liam and Hannah Joyce, of Dublin, Ireland; and
Ancestry — Birth — Childhood. 11
back of them to the Joyces of County Galway,
Ireland. Hardiman's "History of Galway'* says
of the Joyces:
"This old Galway family is of ancient and
honorable English descent, and was allied to the
Welsh and British princes. Thomas Joyce, the
first of the name that came to Ireland, sailed from
Wales in the reign of Edward I. . . . He di-
rected his course to the western part of Connaught
(of which Galway is a part), where he acquired
considerable tracts of territory, which his posterity
stm inhabit. While on the voyage, his wife
(daughter of O'Brien, chief of Thomund, in Mun-
ster) gave birth to a son, whom he named Mac
Mara — ^^Son of the Sea.' He extended his father's
acquisitions, and from him descended the sept of
Joyces, a race of men remarkable for their stature,
who for centuries past inhabited the mountainous
district in far Connaught, called from them *the
Joyce Country.' "*
Mr. Henry D. Teetor, a genealogist of Wash-
ington City, asserts that the name Joyce was orig-
inally Norman, and the family of Norman origin.
It is claimed that the name is a corruption of
"Jorz" or "Gorst," which became "Joce," and
finally Joyce. "DeJorz or Joyce obtained ex-
tended possessions in West Connaught, Ireland, in
the time of Edward I, 1272-1307, by marriage
*Dr. P. H. Bodkin In Oalifornla Independent.
12 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
with the CFlahertys, where their descendants re-
main to this day." "John, Simon, Matthew, and
Robert (Joyce) were landed proprietors of Barony
Forth at the time of the Cromwellian Settlement
of Ireland, 1653-4, of which they were then dis-
possessed." But in a later generation "a portion
of this vast patrimony was recovered." Hall, an
authority on the Irish people, says: "The Joyces
are a magnificent race of men, the biggest and
stoutest and tallest I have ever seen in Ireland."
Blake, in his letters from the Irish Highlanders,
writing in 1823, says that "Edward Joyce, or 'Big
Ned,' as he was called, was between six and seven
feet in height and large in proportion." Upon
one of the many stone-cairns in "Joyce's Country,"
tipped with a wooden cross, may be read the fol-
"Pray for y® sole of John Joyce and Mary
Joyce, his wife, died 1712."
Whatever may be the relation of Bishop Joyce
to the Irish Joyces and Norman Jorsts or Joces,
whether nobles or peasants, it is certain that he
was little interested in the factitious distinctions
of ancestry. With Gibbons, he accounted a "coat
of arms the most useless of all coats." He was
infinitely more concerned in raising up a race of
royal spiritual children than in proving himself
a son of nobility.
Ancestrff — Birth — Childhood. 18
If Bishop Joyce's blood was originally Nor-
man, it had tarried long enough amid Irish tarns
to become thoroughly tinctured with Celtic feel-
ing. The pathos, the fire, and the eloquence of
the native Irishman were all his. The best qual-
ities of that sturdy stock seem to have come to
blossom in him.
On his mother's side Bishop Joyce was of Ger-
man extraction. In religion her people were
Lutherans. Of German influence there is no trace
in his life, however, save perhaps in the youthful
allegiance to the United Brethren Church, which
is of Grerman origin.
The father of Isaac Wilson Joyce was a
farmer. Isaac was reared on the farm not far
from Cincinnati. No doubt he frequently went
with his father to that city, which at that time,
in the forties, had become the leading city in the
West, enjoying the title "The Queen City of the
West." Little did the country boy, riding in on
their primitive wagon, dream that he was to be so
intimately and influentiaUy connected with that
Young Joyce enjoyed the advantages of the
country schools, which, even at that early period,
were good in Ohio. For that State has always
been well at the front in education.
In April, 1860, when he was thirteen jrears
14 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
of age, his parents moved to Indiana. Many
families in that part of Ohio were doing the same
thing at that time. The beautiful districts about
Lafayette and Frankfort, Indiana, were attract-
ing many of these settlers. The Joyces settled
north of Lafayette, at a point made famous forty
years before by a bloody battle between the In-
dians, led by Elkswatawa, more commonly called
"The Prophet," a brother of Tecumseh, and the
whites, led by William Henry Harrison. It is
known in history as "The Battle of Tippecanoe,"
because of its being fought on the banks of that
stream, a tributary of the Wabash. The town of
Battle Ground grew up there, and about two miles
to the northeast of this town, in a little log house,
the Joyces lived. His boyhood days were days of
poverty. He grew up in a two-roomed log house,
with a lean-to for a kitchen. A barefoot boy in
homespun, he trod every foot of ground around
that little hut, and on that little farm. In an ad-
dress in later years he describes tenderly the morn-
ing-glory vines that grew up over the windows of
that humble house, shaking their blue and pink
striped bells in the sunshine, a pathetic token of
the hunger for beauty in the heart of his mother
amid the privations of the far frontier. And with
his description of the morning-glories was poured
Ancestry — Birth — Childhood. 15
out a tribute of undying appreciation of that
Uneventful enough must have been young
Joyce's adolescent Ef e on the Indiana farm. Fol-
lowing the plow in the spring, taking his place,
scythe in hand, with his father in the ripe wheat
of summer, cutting and shocking the com in the
autumn, and attenpling school in the winter — ^this
was the program for those first four years in In-
With his temperament, however, it could not
have been but that young Joyce drank deeply of
Nature's beauties, and entered into sympathy with
her passing moods. Nowhere does she manifest
her charms in greater variety than in the region
where he had taken up his abode. There was
prairie, and there was woodland. Hills and streams
were not far away. The Tippecanoe is a beau-
tiful stream even yet. And the country rolled
away in gentle undulations, in a way that was
as restful to the eye as it was pleasing to the im-
agination. The streams and birds and flowers
were all his friends. In productiveness the region
was one of the richest in the West, and the fam-
ilies around soon began to prosper, and the com-
forts of life became accessible to all.
His father died in 1878. Years later his
16 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
mother married Mr. Isaac Ervln, of Hamilton
County, Ohio, a lover of her early girlhood. Many
years later he, too, died, and the mother spent the
twilight of life with her honored son in his home
in Minneapolis, until the Bishop left for South
America. She then went to her only daughter,
Mrs. Dunafee, in lola, Kansas, where she died in
YOTTTH CONVEESION ^EDUCATION.
YOUNG JOYCE'S youth did not differ
from that of the average farmer boy in
the earlier days of Indiana. The summer
was spent in work on the farm, and the winter in
the district school. The American public has had
a distorted conception of the schools of Indiana,
and of the intelligence of her people. Tliis has
been due largely to the writings of the late Ed-
ward Eggleston, himself a circuit-rider in Indiana
at an early day. While "The End of the World"
and "The Hoosier Schoolmaster" may have truly
reflected the life of isolated communities in South-
em Indiana, where the scenes were laid, they cari-
catured the State as a whole. And this caricature
has been accepted by the American public as por-
traiture. We may add, parenthetically, that the
late John Clark Ridpath, the historian, shared the
view just expressed as to the responsibility for
Indiana's undeserved reputation for illiteracy.
The schools were of a high order, throughout the
rural regions as well as the towns, during even the
fifties, when young Joyce was in them.
18 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
On finishing the district school an event oc-
curred which had a determining effect on his edu-
cation, as well as on every interest of his life.
That event was his conversion.
It is not often that a raccoon hunt ends in a
revival meeting. But Isaac and several neighbor
boys were out coon hunting one July night in
1852, when the party became scattered for some
reason, and young Joyce became lost from his
companions. Wandering around in the woods he
heard singing, and presently saw a light. Com-
ing out into the road, he saw that the light and
the singing proceeded from a schoolhouse. En-
tering, he found a revival meeting in progress,
conducted by the Reverend David Brown, a United
Brethren preacher; and like an earlier David,
this David's aim brought down a giant that night.
Only it was to life that young Joyce was brought,
not death. Humbling himself as a seeking peni-
tent under the exhortation of the preacher, Isaac
was happily converted to Gk>d. In his later years
he sometimes declared in preaching: ^^I was con-
verted on the hottest night in July I ever saw,
and I have not cooled off yet.*'
This conversion occurred when Isaac was six-
teen years of age. His mother had united with
the United Brethren Church, and he was baptized
in the Wabash River soon after this by Mr.
Tauth — Converiion — Education. 19
Brown, and received as a member of thii Church.
He was religiously zealous from the first, and took
part in the family worship with his father. He
was a bom preacher, for when he was a little boy
he would go out and preach to the trees and any
other objects he could cluster together, going
through the forms of religious service. When he
was to be baptized, he chose immersion, and,
though the weather was very cold, he insisted on
having it done at once. So they cut the ice, and
both he and a brother were immersed.
Any other Church might have had this choice
young man, had it been as alert and passionate
in its quest of souls as was this little United
Brethren society, holding evangelistic meetings in
the heat of midsummer in an Indiana schoolhouse.
The incident calls to mind the saying of Hugh
Price Hughes that **the people belong to any
Church that has the apostolic aggressiveness and
the sanctified common sense to go for them." It
is also an illustration of the character of the work
done in winning the West for Chiist. Those de-
nominations that did not wait for the parlor car
or even the railroad, but pushed their way out,
over bad roads and through the forests, secured
the choicest families of that region for their com-
Soon yoimg Joyce felt burning within him the
20 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
longing for an education. Nothing quickens that
desire like a sound conversion. The influence of
the preacher in it is seen in the fact that he chose
Hartsville College as his place of study. This
United Brethren school was situated in Barthol-
omew County, a hundred and fifty miles from his
home. He might have gone to Wabash College,
which was only thirty miles away, at Crawfords-
ville. He might have chosen Asbury (now De-
Pauw) University, which was only seventy miles
away, at Greencastle. But the former was Presby-
terian, and the latter was a Methodist school;
while Hartsville was a United Brethren school.
And that settled the matten And the ministers
under whom they have been converted have de-
cided the matter for thousands of the young men
of our land. The circuit-riders have turned the
feet of these young men towards the colleges of
the Church. While at the same time from their
own scanty salaries they have helped to keep those
colleges open. The epic of the educational serv-
ice and sacrifice of the circuit-rider in America
has yet to be written.
Young Joyce attended the Hartsville College
for two years — 1864-6. He worked his way, earn-
ing his support by sawing and chopping wood,
janitor work, and other manual labor.
He was an enthusiastic student, and made ex-
Youth — CowDersion — Edtication. 21
cellent progress in his studies. He cultivated the
art of public speaking at every opportunity.
Those who knew him at this time speak of his
style as being somewhat florid — ^a natural thing
in a youth, especially one of as enthusiastic tem-
perament as young Joyce. At this time his course
jit Hartsville was interrupted by the financial
straits* of a member of his family, who had gone
into business at Rensselaer, Indiana. In order to
save the business, Isaac left college, took charge
of the business — sl photograph establishment —
conducted it successfully for a time, sold it out
at a profit, and then went to teaching in the
schools of the same town.
But although he had given up his college
course, he had by no means given up his purpose
to secure a good education. During the two years
of teaching that immediately followed he kept up
his studies. And later still he took the required
course for securing the degree of Master of Arts
at Asbury (now DePauw) University, receiving
that degree in 1872.
His attitude toward higher education in his
maturer years is shown by the following letter,
written to a young man just graduated from
DePauw University, who was expecting to enter
the ministry :
Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
"Cincinnati, Ohio, July 31, 1886.
"Mt Deae :
"I think if you can arrange it so you can go
to a theological school, you would do well to go.
If you could not go for the three required years,
I would go at least for one year; and if you can
get credit for what you have done at DePauw in
Hebrew and Greek, I think you can graduate at
any one of our theological schools in two years.
It is my judgment that all our young ministers
would do well, if they can so arrange it, to go to
a theological school before they enter regularly
into the work of the Christian ministry.
"Yours in love, I. W. Joyce."
Into the Methodist Ministey.
WHILE in college at Hartsville young
Joyce had been licensed as a local
preacher by the United Brethren. He
occasionally exercised the functions of that office
at country appointments near Hartsville and also
near his old home.
While teaching at Rensselaer he had in his
school children of the Reverend Aaron Hays, the
Methodist minister of that town. Mr. Hays be-
came impressed with the superior qualities of
young Joyce. He felt that a young man of un-
usual gifts was among them. He communicated
his views to his presiding elder, the Reverend Ben-
jamin Winans, of Lafayette, and to the widely
known and honored Granville Moody, who came to
Rensselaer at this time on a visit. The influence
which Dr. Moody exerted on Mr. Joyce's life is
found in the former's own words as given in his
"In the year 1858 I spent several days in Jas-
per County, Indiana, where my real estate is lo-
cated. One day I went to Rensselaer, the county-
24 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
seat of said county, and called at the Methodist
parsonage to see the pastor, Aaron Hays, an old
friend of mine. During a somewhat protracted
conversation the name of a young man who was
teaching school in the town was mentioned. Some
things that were said gave me a desire to see him
and know more about him. When I arose to de-
part the pastor invited me to return in the even-
ing, and spend the night under his roof. I ac-
cepted the invitation.
"On going out of the town to meet some en-
gagements for the afternoon, I met a young man
coming from the direction in which I was going.
I had an impression that he was the one whose
name I had heard mentioned at the parsonage.
So strong wcus the impression that when we came
near each other I stopped and asked him his name ;
he replied, *Joyce.' I said, *Are you the young
man teaching school in town; and are the Meth-
odist minister's children members of your school?'
He answered, *Yes.' I asked him a number of
questions. I found he was a member of the
United Brethren Church; had been converted
when sixteen years of age ; was at the time twenty-
two years old; and was now teaching school in
order to pay some debts contracted during his
struggle in college to secure an education. His
purpose was to enter the Christian ministry. He
wfius then a local preacher in the United Brethren
Church ; had, however, preached only a few times,
and had in a few instances announced a hymn
and offered prayer in the Methodist church at
the close of the pastor's sermon. A few more,
Into the Methodist Ministry. 25
questions brought out the fact that he was becom-
ing much dissatisfied with the United Brethren
Churchy because of the opposition he found on
the part of some of the ministers of that Church
to an educated ministry.
^^He was quite poor, had struggled hard to
secure an education, and was rapidly becoming
unwilling to give his life to a Church where so
little was, at that time, done for the cause of edu-
cation. His rephes to all my questions convinced
me at once of a duty I owed to this young man.
He was correct and exact in all his responses, and
gave evidence of a superior mind. I said to him,
Tlease meet me at the parsonage to-night, and
we will continue this conversation.'
"I went and met my engagement, and re-
turned to the home of my friend the pastor. The
young man soon after came in, and was cordially
greeted by the family, as well as by myself. I
said to him: ^Brother, I have been thinking much
about our conversation this afternoon, and I am
impressed that God and the Methodist Episcopal
Church have need of you.' I added: *You can
better your condition by a change of your Church
relations, which will demand no change in your
religious views. Suppose you allow me to move
in this change of your Church relations. Come
over into the Methodist Episcopal Church. We
can give you a larger field of usefulness in the
ministry, without any material change in senti-
ment; and employment in preaching the Gospel,
without burdening you five days in each week with
the dull routine and anxious cares of a pedagogue.
26 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
and thus leaving but the dull remains of life for
the work of the ministry. Come, my brother, put
your case in my hands this week. I am going to-
morrow through Lafayette, and I will see Benja-
min Winans, presiding elder of that district. I
will represent you and your condition to him, as
his next quarterly meeting in will be held
three weeks from Saturday. I will ask him to take
your name to the Annual Conference, so that you
may receive an appointment, under a presiding
elder, as a supply on some circuit. Then the reg-
ular recommendation from some Quarterly Confer-
ence can be taken up the next year. I wiU stop
on my way home and get all ready for you to
make the change in your Church relations, and it
will be for God's glory, for your greater useful-
ness, and will afford you a comfortable support
and a much wider field of usefulness. Now then,
my brother, just say, "I will,*' and, under Grod and
the presiding elder, I will do the rest.'
"He was much moved at my proposal. He
asked several pointed questions about the doctrines
and government of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, and wanted to know more fully of the re-
quirements of its ministry. I found that fears
were rising in his manly mind as to his competency
for the work in our communion, to which he gave
becoming utterances, and to which I gave suitable
responses. After struggling exercises of mind,
commingled with becoming fears of inadequacy
to the work, he at length responded : ^I agree with
you, sir, in sentiment, and I put my application
into your hands and the presiding elder's.' I said:
Into the Methodist Ministry. 27
^Amen! and may this auspicious interview be an
augury of success, with God's blessing!' He was
at once received into the Methodist Episcopal
Church by Brother Hays, as a full member, on
his credentials as a local preacher among the United
"The next day I found the presiding elder,
represented the matter, and met with the heartiest
co-operation. All the doors and locks, as in Peter's
exodus from prison, opened of themselves. The
Rev. Brother Joyce rejoiced in the happy change
that had taken place in his Church relations."
Dr. Moody never lost his interest in the recruit
he had secured for Methodism. He followed his
career with deepening satisfaction and thankful-
ness. And when at last he lay on his deathbed
in Mt. Vernon, Iowa, he asked that Dr. Joyce —
at this time pastor of St. Paul Church, Cincin-
nati — should preach his funeral sermon. This
service Dr. Joyce tenderly and gratefully ren-
IT was in June, 1868, that Mr, Joyce, then
nearly twenty-two years of age, united with
the Methodist Episcopal Church. His stand-
ing as a local preacher in the United Brethren
Church gave him that relation also in the Meth-
odist Church. He attended the session of the
Northwest Indiana Conference at Valparaiso, in
September, and was given work as a "supply.*'
Rolling Prairie Circuit, in the region near
LaPorte, in the extreme northwestern section of
Indiana, was his field of work, and he was to be
the junior preacher, his colleague and chief being
the Rev. Thomas Hackney. On returning from
Conference he inmiediately began preparations to
go to his new field of labor. His father gave him
a horse, a saddle and bridle, and two dollars and
a quarter in cash. We are particuleor about men-
tioning the quarter, because that was all the money
he had left when he reached his new home. The
rest of his belongings included his clothes, his
Bible, Hymn Book, and Discipline, all of which
ISAAC W. JOYCE
AT THE AGE OF 22 YEARS
The Circuit-Rider. 29
were packed into a pair of saddlebags. With this
extensive outfit he started for his appointment,
one hundred and fifty miles away. It took three
days to make the journey. Several times on the
way the horse was fed while the rider went hungry,
because it was important that the horse should be
able to carry his load to the end of the journey,
and there was not enough money to furnish plenty
for both. So young Joyce omitted his own noon
meals, and would sing the hymns of Zion to enable
him to forget his hunger. He would also shout
and praise God for having saved his soul.
''No foot of land do I possess,
No cottage in this wilderness/'
made glorious music in those Indiana woods, when
sung by men who had laid their all on Grod's altar.
Many of the hjrmns he loved best he committed to
At the close of the third day he reached the
hospitable home of Rev. Levi Moore, a local
preacher on the Rolling Prairie Circuit. Here he
was warmly welcomed and made to feel at home
from the first. Mrs. Moore proved a true and
kind mother to the young circuit-rider, and he
always cherished tender memories of his first ex-
periences in the home of these loyal Methodists.
His salary was one hundred dollars in money.
30 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
and board. The latter he obtained by "boarding
round" among the members. In order to supple-
ment the small salary, Mr. Joyce taught during
the school months. It was while being entertained
in the home of one of his pupils that he met the
young lady who afterwards became his wife — ^Miss
Caroline Walker Bosserman, daughter of George
and Frances Toney Bosserman. It goes without
saying that the Bosserman home became a favorite
stopping-place with the junior preacher of that
circuit from that time on.
Notwithstanding the double work of teacher
and preacher, young Joyce devoted himself ener-
getically to his books. All his spare time was
spent with them. And the year quickly and hap-
pily passed away.
Among the papers of Bishop Joyce was found
a renewal of his license as a local preacher, which
was granted in August of the year 1869. At this
time he spelled his name " Joice.'' It was not until
1863 that he changed it to the generally accepted
spelling, ** Joyce.''
Isaac W. Joiccy the hearer ^ license renewed a*
a local preacher in the M. E. Church. Done at a
Quarterly Conference held in Portland^ RoUmg
Prairie Circuity N. W. Ind. Conf.j South Bend
August e, 1869. T. S. Webby P. E.
The Circuit-Rider. 31
In September, 1859) the Conference met at
Greencastle. Bishop Monis was the bishop in
charge. There Mr. Joyce was admitted into the
Conference "on trial," as the Methodist term is.
In the same class with him were J. H. Cissel,
E. W. Lawhon, J. H. Staley, and others. The
first two of these died the same year that Bishop
If any one had told young Joyce that in eight-
een years he would be the pastor of the leading
Greencastle Church he would have charged them
with folly, while the exalted position of a bishop
was beyond his wildest dreams. He hoped to make
an effective circuit preacher, and perhaps after a
long time to reach a "station."
At the Greencastle Conference he was appointed
junior preacher of Romney Circuit, near Lafay-
ette, his senior colleague being the Rev. Frank
Pierce. This circuit had only twelve appoint-
ments, while his previous charge had had sixteen.
He could get around to each of the Romney ap-
pointments every three weeks.
The home of Mr. Wesley White, of Linden,
was the junior preacher's home, and he found there
most congenial friends. Their sympathy was ex-
pressed in many ways, some of them very substan-
tial. For years it was a joy to him to pay an
annual visit to this lovely family.
32 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
The next Conference, that of 1860, met at
Terre Haute. Bishop Simpson presided. The
pastor of the West Lebanon Circuit said to Joyce:
"I hope you will not be appointed to West Leb-
anon Circuit. It is the hardest appointment in
the Conference." Both young men took it for
granted that he would receive a new charge, for
in those days no young preacher was kept on a
circuit for more than one year.
But when the bishop arose to read the appoint-
ments, and that deathly stillness came upon the
Conference, which always comes when many men
do not know what their fate is to be for the en-
suing twelve months — ^it may mean life or death
to wife or child, or the preacher — ^he announced,
"West Lebanon Circuit, Isaac W. Joyce.''
When Mr. Joyce reached the circuit he found
twenty appointments scattered over a very large
territory. He made the rounds once in three
weeks, but had to preach much of the year four
times a Sunday in order to do it. He had good
meetings at several of his points, and received sub-
stantial additions to the membership.
On March SO, 1861, he was married to Miss
Bosserman, to whom he had been engaged since
leaving the Rolling Prairie Circuit. There was
no parsonage, and one hundred dollars a year
salary was hardly sufficient to support two — espe-
The Circuit-Rider. 33
dally when it was paid in depreciated State bank
bills, cutting its actual value to sixty-five dollars;
so Mr. and Mrs. Joyce "boarded around'' among
the members until the Conference in the fall. The
people were kind and hospitable, so the experience
was not an unpleasant one. Mr. Joyce recorded
that he "moved" six times that Confereface year.
His wife had to read to him the books for his
Conference course of study that summer, as he was
suffering from an affliction of the eyes which par-
tially blinded him for the time. So Watson's
"Institutes" and Wesley's "Notes" came to him
Up to this time the young circuit-rider had
had only the hardest appointments. He had been
learning to preach, and attending what the
preachers humorously called "Brush College."
The data of this period are very scanty. But
evidently he had made a good impression, for we
find at the Conference that fall, 1861, held at
South Bend, Mr. Joyce received a substantial pro-
motion. He was ordained deacon, admitted into
full membership in the Conference, and sent to
Covington Circuit, Covington being a county-seat,
and the circuit having but four appointments.
The salary was three hundred and fifty dollars,
and they paid him four hundred and fifty dollars.
34 Life of Isaac WHson Joyce.
a princely sum compared with what he had been
receiving the three previous years.
On March 18th of the following year a son
was bom to them, whom they called Frank Mel-
ville. He is now Colonel Frank M. Joyce, of
Minneapolis, Minnesota, prominent in business cir-
cles in the Central West.
Mr. J. F. Compton, of Perrysville, Indiana,
was a teacher in the town schools of Covington,
and writes as follows concerning Mr. Joyce's pas-
"In the year 186S, when the writer went to
take charge of the town schools in Covington, we
found Rev. Isaac W. Joyce in charge of the Meth-
odist Church at that place. For a time he and his
good wife gave me a home with them. His family
consisted of himself, his wife, and his son Frank,
then a babe.
"I found there a happy Christian family, a
model home, and a delightful companionship.
During my stay with them was laid the foundation
of a lasting and sincere friendship. Brother Joyce
did not possess much of this world's goods. But
he did possess a genial disposition, fine social qual-
ities, and a warm heart, which enabled him to win
friends among all classes of society and wherever
"While Brother Joyce was popular in the social
circle, his power as a preacher gave him a still
greater influence over the people. • • • From a
humble beginning he. labored without marked re-
The Circuit-Rider. 35
suits until the second year of his pastorate, when,
under God's blessings, he won the hearts of busi-
ness men, men of the world and young people, and
many a hardened sinner. He then and there had
on his hands a widespread, glorious revival, such
as that Church and town had never experienced
before. Scores of people, young and old, and from
many walks of life, fell before its power, and were
thoroughly converted. Many young men and
women were blessed in that revival, whose lives have
since been examples of God's saving grace, and
who have gone out from there to bless the world.
The writer bears testimony from a grateful heart
to his fidelity as a personal friend, and to the influ-
ence and inspiration of his great service, and to
the faithfulness of his great, loving heart."
A year or two before Bishop Joyce's death he
received a letter from an old friend of the Coving-
ton days, which gives so vivid a description of
Mr. Joyce's jnethods, as well as the strong hold he
secured on men, that we give it entire. The writer
is a prominent attorney in Kansas City, Missouri:
"My Dear Beother Joyce:
"The brief interview we had as you were leav-
ing here last Saturday has brought fresh to me
many endearing remembrances, reaching back to
the verge of life's springtime, when there was no
sorrow in the day, and no winter in the year.
Some of these recollections have been often re-
called, and have been long cherished; while others
36 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
come to me like a lost strain of music, or a for-
"When you and I first met, we were in the
lustihood of young manhood. Neither of us was
then married. But I was 'going to see' the young
lady who became my wife, while you were 'riding
the circuit' (the Rolling Prairie) on which was an
'appointment' in a schoolhouse near her home. We
sometimes walked over to that schoolhouse on Sun-
day afternoons to hear you preach ; and she it was
who introduced me to you.
"Later on, when we had moved to Covington,
you were sent to that charge, and brought your
young wife with you. There were then two happy
young couples in that town that we know of. They
still live, and I hope may enjoy a correspondingly
happy old age.
"When you came it was a critical time in my
religious life. The subtle moral blight always in-
cident to civil war was beginning to show itself.
All my associates at the Covingon bar were irre-
ligious, Birch having gone to the war. I had
known at college, and he and were my
most intimate friends outside the bar. They were
bright companionable men, but all wrong morally.
"Our Church at Covington was almost in a
state of collapse, and was uninviting. I had been
a member of the Church for some three years at
Greencastle (at Asbury University), but not an
active one, there being so many others there better
fitted for active work. When you came, however,
your aggressiveness and courage challenged my ad-
miration. You pressed me into the service, and
pushed me forward in Church work. That was
The Circuit-Rider. 37
exactly what I needed. I was a little reluctant at
first, but soon came to see, that while you needed
me, I needed you still more. I enjoyed your com-
panionship and prized your friendship, and
through your help and influence I grew to be, in
a small way, a sort of stand-by in that Church,
and was a class leader when I left to come here.
**But our paths in life soon diverged, and you
have never known the sense of obligation I have
been under to you for all these years. I there-
fore now write you this plain, unvarnished state-
ment, so that you may know that I do not forget,
nor fail to appreciate your timely help in the
**And now allow me to add that when you were
elected bishop, I believed the Church would be
benefited thereby; but I could not bring myself
to feel that in any true sense it was for you a pro-
motion. To my mind, the highest position in our
Church, and the hardest to fill properly, is that of
'preacher in charge.* You always had revivals,
and for the best part of your life were a success-
ful preacher and pastor. And I sometimes wonder
if you do not often experience a sort of feeling
of isolation in your present position. For while
you meet the preachers and the Church officials,
you doubtless miss that heart-to-heart contact with
the people in their every-day life and experiences,
which only a pastor can have. However this may
be, I am sure that your old age will be rich in the
memories of your active life as a pastor. The
older we grow, the more do we delight to live over
again the past. This is one of the compensations
38 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
"With kindest regards of myself and wife to
you and yours, believe me as ever,
**Sincerely your friend,
"L. C. Slavens."
To have won one such eminent layman as the
writer of the above letter was worth Mr. Joyce's
two years' work at Covington.
In the fall of 1863 the Conference met at
Michigan City, Bishop Morris presiding. Mr.
Joyce was ordained elder, and was appointed to
Williamsport, the county seat of Warren County,
the adjoining county north of Fountain County,
of which Covington was the county seat. The two-
year time-limit was still in force, being changed
to three years the next year. Williamsport was a
"station;" that is, had no country appointments
attached. This was Mr. Joyce's first station, and
his friends regarded it as a promotion. Often
there is as much felicitation with circuit preachers
over being promoted to a station as there is among
leaders in the ministry over being chosen to a
General Conference position.
The increased income which his new appoint-
ment brought he welcomed as an opportunity to
buy books. And it was with joy that he saw his
little library growing steadily. Often he would
say to his wife: "I am so glad you would rather
I would buy books than to use the salary for less
The Circuit'Rider. 39
DuiiDg the first year of his Williamsport pas-
torate an incident occurred which came near termi-
nating Mr. Joyce's life. There were two saloons
in the town which were doing a great deal of
damage; more, the Church people felt, than the
Churches could offset by their efforts. Under the
leadership of Mr. Joyce and the Rev. Mr. Steele,
the Presbyterian minister, the better element of
the community succeeded in defeating the appli-
cations of these men for a renewal of license. This
so incensed these men and their friends that they
attempted to murder both ministers. The Presby-
terian minister lived on the second floor of a dwell-
ing. Some unknown person called for him to come
down stairs, but he refused to do so. The same
night two men came to the Methodist parsonage.
A window shade was up from the bottom, and they
could see Mr. Joyce sitting by his book case, read-
ing. A bullet crashed through the window, barely
missing Mr. Joyce's head, and buried itself in the
book case. Two books were mutilated by the ball.
There was no way of proving who did the shoot-
ing, although the act provoked intense indignation
throughout the community. As the two saloon
men left the town immediately, there was no doubt
in the minds of the people as to who the guilty
persons were. Mr. Joyce carried the bullet for
years as a souvenir of the perilous experience.
40 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
Good revivals were had during both years of
his stay in Williamsport, and the Church pros-
pered under his care. On July 5th of his first year
there, 1864, a second son was born to Mr. and
Mrs. Joyce. They called him Wilbur Bruce. The
little one was not to tarry long, for fifteen months
later he died.
It was at Delphi that their baby's death oc-
curred, in October of 1866. It was their first
sorrow, and their grief was great. Mr. Joyce had
been appointed to the Delphi Church at the Con-
ference held the month previous. Delphi is on
the Wabash River, about fifty or sixty miles above
Williamsport, which is also on the Wabash. Mr.
Joyce had a good year at Delphi, and fully ex-
pected to return when he went to the Conference
of 1866, which was held at Laporte, Bishop Ames
presiding. But a strong request came to the
bishop for his appointment to a much stronger
Church — Ninth Street, Lafayette, and the bishop
made the appointment.
While the new charge was gratifying from the
view-point of larger opportunity and promotion,
yet it was with sad hearts that they turned away
from Delphi. Some precious friendships had been
formed there, and a little mound in the cemetery
made the place one of the dearest spots on earth
to this itinerant and his wife.
Ten Yea&s in Lafayette.
WHEN Bishop Ames read out the name
"Isaac W. Joyce" for Ninth Street
Church, Lafayette, at the Conference
held at Laporte, in 1866, it was felt by many to
be an astonishing promotion for a young man of
twenty-nine, who had been a member of the Con-
ference in full connection only five years. Some
of the older men shook their heads, and declared
that a blunder had been made.
As for the appointee himself, he went with fear
and trembling to his city appointment. He had
always lived in the country, or in towns that were
scarcely larger than villages. Now he was to meet
the problems of a city Church. Such an experi-
ence is always an intensely interesting and anxious
one to ministers, and to their friends as well, for
it usually means either the "making or breaking"
of the preacher.
Mr. Joyce followed Dr. Aaron Wood, one of
the pioneer preachers of the Conference, and who
is still held in loving and venerated memory
42 Life of Isaac WiUan Joyce.
throughout Indiana. When the new preacher was
moving into the parsonage, and Mrs. Wood, fa-
miliarly known as "Auntie Wood," was packing
up to move out, sympathy was expressed that such
veterans should have to move so often. Auntie
Wood cheerily replied: "What is the use of being
a soldier if you do not drill?" It was that spirit
that made Methodism. The epic of the devotion
shown by these unheralded heroes and heroines of
the Cross has never yet been penned.
Three years were spent at Ninth Street, with
steadily gaining favor among the people. Each
year his Church was visited with a gracious re-
vival. The membership increased and every inter-
est of the Church prospered.
Lafayette is in the center of one of the most
productive and beautiful sections of Indiana, and
from an early day has been a prosperous and
highly intelligent community. It is now the seat
of Purdue University, though at the time of Mr.
Joyce's pastorates there that vigorous college had
not yet been founded. Methodism was strong
through all that region, and Lafayette was the
head of one of the principal districts of the Con-
ference and State.
On completing his third year at Ninth Street,
the Conference met in that Church. Bishop Clark,
who presided, was so impressed with the ability of
Ten Years m Lafayette, 43
Mr. Joyce that, though the latter was only thirty-
two years of age, he made him presiding elder of
the Lafayette District. Presiding elder after ten
years in the ministry, and that in one of the strong
Conferences of the Central West! It is doubtful
if the case had been paralleled in the history of
Methodism in the settled part of the country, save
in the career of Bishop Walden. The exigencies
of frontier or missionary work have occfiusionally
required this early promotion of men to the pre-
Mr. Joyce bore his honors with becoming mod-
esty and discharged with zeal and care the duties
of his office. Those who knew him in those days
say that he was especially insistent on his young
men buying books and preparing themselves care-
fully for their pulpit work. It is not surprising
that he drew the young men of the Conference to
him with the strongest bonds, and that to many
of them he became their ideal. An interesting pic-
ture of him at this period is that drawn by the
Rev. E. R. Dille, D. D., of First Church, Oakland,
California, for many years past one of the leaders
of our Pacific Coast Methodism :
"I first knew Isaac W. Joyce in 1867, when he
was presiding elder of the Lafayette District,
Northwest Indiana Conference. I see him yet in
my mind's eye as he appeared then to my boyish
44 Life of Isaac WUton Joyce.
vision — ^tall, straight, slender, a broad, white brow,
a pale, intellectual face, a flashing eye, a com-
manding presence — ^a bom orator, a bom leader
"Already in his young manhood his preaching
was characterized by that fire and fervor, and that
rare, magnetic quality which ever made him a
master of assemblies. I remember to this day a
sermon he preached in 1868 on Tor we can do
nothing against the truth, but for the truth' — and
its divisions seemed like links of steel over which
leaped a line of electric fire.
"Dr. Joyce, in 1870, gave me license to preach,
and while we were in the same Conference, and
indeed ever since, he has been my father in the
Gospel — my guide, philosopher, and friend. From
him as much as from any other man have I re-
ceived my inspiration and my ideals."
As the end of his term as presiding elder drew
near, he frequently expressed his eagerness to re-
turn to the pastorate. His affectionate nature
longed for the close association with the people
which the pastorate alone furnishes.
It was a notable compliment and the strongest
possible indorsement of his seven years' work in
Lafayette that Trinity Church of that city,
the leading Church of the Conference, invited him
to become its pastor at the close of his term on
the district, in the fall of 1878. At the Confer-
ence in September the appointment was made.
Ten Years m Lafayette. 46
His three years at that Church were full of
hard work. They taxed him to the utmost, not
only because the highly intelligent character of
the congregation required the most careful prepa-
ration for his pulpit efforts, but because he had
been so many years in that city, as that not only
every sermon, but every plan and method, had to
be new — had to be coined fresh from the mint of
It was a notable pastorate, and the fruit of it
remains still. In addition to his pulpit and pas-
toral work he taught a large Bible class of adults,
which practically amounted to preaching a third
sermon each Sabbath. But the appreciation with
which his work was received, and his constantly
enlarging influence, made his labors a joy to him.
In his letters to his most intimate friends the high
spirits bubble over frequently. Writing to an in-
timate friend, the Rev. William McK. Darwood,
at this time, he says :
"Lafayette, Indiana, Oct. 10, 1873.
"My Deab Brother Darwood:
"I received your letter and was much pleased
to hear from you all. We are in good health and
about as busy as you ever saw white folks. The
Trinity people have given me a hearty welcome,
and everything is just as nice and pleasant as I
could desire. ... I am at work among my own
people, and am having a good time. . . . Every-
46 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
body is in a good humor, and I am feeling splen-
didly. My congregations are much better than
I thought they would be, and members of the Offi-
cial Board tell me that they are satisfied that in
three months the congregations will be double the
present size. Since my return home ( from Confer-
ence) I have had four funerals and four weddings.
Funerals are not pleasant services; but the wed-
dings — ^the more the merrier!
"Yours ever, I. W. Joyce."
Writing six weeks later to the same friend,
Mr. Joyce said:
"I am having the best time I have ever had in
all my life. True, my work is very hard; but my
congregations are so very nice and kind, and my
Church is so perfectly splendid, and all my sur-
roundings so agreeable, that I am very happy in
my work. My congregations have almost doubled.
My Sunday-school is growing. My own class has
grown from ten to forty persons. My salary is
to be two thousand dollars."
A little later he conducted his winter's revival
meetings, having a successful series, and doing
the work himself from night to night. A char-
acteristic utterance to a friend, in a letter written
February 9, 1874, was: "God is, by His grace,
giving us the victory. I am determined to work
for His glory with all the power I have."
His Trinity Church pastorate covered the years
Ten Years in Lafayette. 47
of financial panic, which began in 187S. Writing
to his friend Darwood in October, 1874, he said:
"Money is very close and business dull, but I
believe God will turn all this to the spiritual good
of the people. If souls are converted, we can very
well consent to live on a few less dollars."
In March, 1876, Mr. Joyce suffered a very
severe illness. For a time it was doubtful whether
he would recover. Congestion of the brain was
the diagnosis. On rallying from this, rheumatism
set in, and for weeks he was confined to the house.
When able to travel he and Mrs. Joyce took a trip
to Baltimore, and he returned to his work after
some weeks much strengthened. During all the
rest of his Lafayette pastorate, however, his health
remained precarious, verging on nervous prostra-
tion, the result of almost continuous overwork.
When the time drew near that his pastoral term
at Lafayette should cease, the brethren of the offi-
ciary met and adopted the following resolutions:
**Trinity Methodist EpiscoPAii Chuech, La-
*'At a meeting of the Official Board of Trinity
Methodist Episcopal Church, held on Monday
evening, July 81, 1876, Henry Taylor in the chair,
and Charles A. Reynolds Secretary, the following
resolutions were adopted:
"Wheeeas, In conformity with the laws of our
48 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
Church it becomes necessary that the pastoral rela-
tion existing between our dear brother, Isaac W.
Joyce, and this congregation, shall terminate with
the present Conference year ; therefore be it
**Resolvedy That in severing this relation we
lose a faithful and tender shepherd, a wise coun-
selor and teacher, a true friend, and a ready sym-
**Resolvedy That wherever he may go, he bears
with him our earnest and united prayers for his
success, health, and happiness ; and should he ever,
in the good providence of God, be returned to us,
he will receive a hearty welcome.
"Resolvedy That we herein express to Brother
Joyce our appreciation of his efforts in the ex-
position of Scripture truth, his zeal for the salva-
tion of souls, especially of our young people, his
watchful care over the lambs of the flock, his
promptness in meeting all the issues brought be-
fore the Church and the public; and for the per-
fect harmony and brotherly love which has pre-
vailed during his administration.
**Resolvedy That to his wife, our dear sister,
Mrs. Carrie W. Joyce, we have become attached
by the most endearing bonds, and for her faithful
performance of all duties devolving upon her, for
the manifestation of a calm, heroic faith in hours
of trial, and for her devotion to the welfare of the
young people under her care, we owe lasting grati-
tude, and will ever cherish her memory.
"Resolvedy That a copy of these resolutions
with our signatures attached be presented to our
beloved pastor and his wife, and that they be pub-
Ten Years m Lafayette. 49
lished in our city papers, and placed in full upon
our book of records.
"G. H. Hui.1., Henby Tayi^ob,
CuBTis E. Wells, John L. Milleb,
WlLLLA^M A. FOBD, JoHN C. BbOCKENBBOUGH,
H. T. Sample, Willla^m P. Heath,
A, W. Abbott, Chables A. Reynolds,
Jno. F. SMriH, Robebt W. Sample,
C. G. Milleb."
The Bible class in the Sunday-school which
Mr. Joyce had taught, presented him at a preced-
ing Christmas with an expensive and beautiful gold
watch, which he carried until his death. He cher-
ished it with peculiar pleasure. Indeed, the mem-
ory of his entire Lafayette pastorate was always
a very precious one to him.
When it came time to leave the city where he
had spent ten happy years, and where he had be-
come so integral a part of the city's very life,
and especially of the life of Methodism, it was like
the breaking of heart-strings. The packing up
and storing away of goods, and the saying of
"good-bye," was as sad as a funeral. "The pas-
tor came to the city in the centennial year of
American Methodism, 1866, and left it in the cen-
tennial year of American independence, 1876."
During Mr. Joyce's last year at Lafayette,
the degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred
upon him by Dickinson College. Considering the
50 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
fact that he had not yet reached his fortieth birth-
day, and remembering also the standing of the in-
stitution, the honor was a notable one. The degree
of Doctor of Laws was given him by the University
of the PacilSc in 1891.
At the session of the Northwest Indiana Con-
ference in September, 1876, his brethren in the
ministry paid him the high mark of confidence of
electing him a reserve delegate to the General Con-
ference, which was to meet the following May in
Upon his election as bishop, twelve years later.
Dr. Joyce received from Lafayette the following
"Dk. I. W. Joyce,
** Methodist General Conference^ New York:
"All Lafayette joins in extending congratu-
lations to Bishop Joyce."
His Lafayette friends were loyal and loving
through all the years.
PaSTO&ATBS at BAIiTIMOBB AND GKEENCASTIiE.
A T the close of ten years of service in Laf ay-
l\ ette as pastor and presiding elder. Dr.
-^ — *" Joyce took a supemiunerary relation in
his Conference for one year, as his health was im-
paired. For several years he had had a continual
fight with ill-health. Nervous prostration seemed
imminent. At this time Mr. Charles J. Baker,
a wealthy layman of Baltimore, came to Lafayette
on a visit to Dr. and Mrs. Joyce, the latter being
his cousin by marriage. Mr. Baker was the lead-
ing spirit of Bethany Church, Baltimore, an inde-
pendent Methodist congregation. Mr. Baker pro-
posed that Dr. Joyce become its pastor tempo-
rarily. On receiving an invitation from the Church
also. Dr. Joyce consented. And in October, 1876,
he became pastor of that Church, situated in the
western part of the city of Baltimore. The ar-
rangements were such that Dr. Joyce could reside
in the country, at Athol, at the beautiful home of
Mr. Baker, and give such time as his health per-
mitted to the work of the Church in the city. Dr.
82 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
Joyce remained until the following July, and
found the year's stay very beneficial to his health.
At the close of the year he was urgently solicited
to remain at Bethany Church. This he would not
consent to do, except on the condition that Bethany
Church would become a regular Methodist Epis-
copal Church. Issues growing out of the Civil
War rendered this impossible at that time, so Dr.
Joyce turned his face back to his old home in
Indiana. Twenty years later Bethany Church did
come into our Methodist Episcopal Church, and is
now one of our regular Baltimore appointments.
It is of interest that the change was effected dur-
ing the pastorate of John W. Jones, another In-
diana man, who was invited to Bethany Church
through the influence of Bishop Joyce.
When Dr. Joyce returned to Indiana in the
fall of 1877, it was with the fuU expectation of
being appointed to Meridian Street Church, In-
dianapolis. Bishop Ames had assured him that all
arrangements had been made. But in some way
the plan was frustrated, and he returned to his old
Conference. Immediately he was invited to the
pastorate of Roberts Chapel, the leading Church
of Greencastle, and one of the strongest in the
State. He felt great hesitancy about accepting
this invitation, because Greencastle was the seat of
Asbury University, and he feared that his scho-
At Baltimore and Greencastle. 58
lastic acquirements were not sufficient to meet the
demands. Practically all the Faculty and nearly
all the students attended that Church.
The bishop who presided at the Conference
assured him, however, that his fears were ground-
less, and he was appointed to Roberts Chapel, now
College Avenue, Greencastle. This was in Sep-
tember, 1877. On arriving at Greencastle, Dr.
Joyce set to work with his customary energy. He
soon became acquainted with his entire constitu-
ency, both town and college.
He was exceedingly popular with the students.
No pastor that ever served Greencastle, in either
College Avenue or Locust Street Church, has had
a larger hearing from the student body of old
Asbury. His geniality, sympathy with young life,
and alert interest in everything that concerned the
students, in their sports and studies as well as in
their religious welfare, were responsible for this,
while his ability as a preacher won their respect.
Many entered the ministry or missionary work as
the result of his influence. Among the students
who shared his pastoral care were three Japanese,
who were members of the Class of 1881 — ^Messrs.
Kawamura, Chinda, and Sato. They were fre-
quently entertained in his home, and were members
of his Church. Mr. Kawamura died before com-
pleting his college course. But Aimaro Sato and
64 Life of haac WiUon Joyce.
Suitka Chinda graduated, and have since attained
to international reputation as diplomats in the
service of their native Japan. Mr. Chinda is am-
bassador of Japan at the Austrian Court; while
Mr. Sato has served at various foreign courts in a
representative capacity, and was secretary of the
Peace Commission of Japan which held its sessions
at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, at the close of
the Russian-Japanese War. After becoming
bishop, Dr. Joyce met Mr. Sato in Tokio, and
had a long talk with him over old times. When
on his episcopal tour of China, Dr. Joyce also met
Mr. Chinda in Shanghai, where the latter was then
Japanese consul, and found that he was a regular
attendant and member of our Methodist Church
there. Who knows how much of the good feeling
of Japan toward America is due to the full insight
into the Christian home and heart life of America,
as weU as into the school and commercial life,
which such Japanese leaders as Mr. Sato and Mr.
Yet popular as he was with the students, he
was equally so with the towns-people. . It is doubt-
ful if any preacher who served there ever stirred
the town more profoundly. One of the vivid rec-
ollections of the writer's boyhood is of a large class
being received into full membership in old Roberts
Chapel, among whom were some of the solid busi-
At Baltimore and Greencastle. 55
ness men of the town, and men who had been hith-
erto considered impervious to religious influence.
So great was the prosperity of the Church that
Dr. Joyce's pastorate has ever since been a sort
of gauge by which all other years have been esti-
It throws an interesting sidelight on Dr.
Joyce's decision of character to learn that his pas-
torate there came near ending at the close of his
first year. Roberts Chapel was an old structure.
The congregation during Dr. Joyce's ministry
overflowed the building. He very much desired
a new church. With this most of his official men
were in sympathy. But there were enough con-
servatives on the Official Board, who also hap-
pened to be the men of largest means, to lead to
an adverse decision on the new church proposition.
It happened that at this juncture an invitation
reached him from Trinity Church at Louis-
ville, Kentucky, our leading Methodist Church in
that thriving city. Though not quite clear as to
what was best, it seemed on the whole a provi-
dential opening, and Dr. Joyce accepted it, sub-
ject to the decision of the bishops involved in the
transfer. The transfer was actually effected, and,
as we heard the bishop say to the Kentucky Con-
ference in 1903, he was "once a member of the
Kentucky Conference for twenty-four hours."
66 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
But the Greencastle brethren made such a strong
protest against Dr. Joyce's removal, sending a
committee representing both the Church and the
university to Covington, Kentucky, where the Con-
ference was in session, and at the same time gave
to Dr. Joyce such ample assurances that a new
church should be built if he would remain, that
Bishop Peck re-transferred him to the Northwest
Indiana Conference, and he continued his work at
Greencastle. Steps were immediately taken to
build a new church, and the present commodious
and beautiful CoUege Avenue Church was erected.
Dr. Hillary A. Gobin, professor in DePauw Uni-
versity and for years its president, characterizes
Dr. Joyce's pastorate at Greencastle as follows :
"It Is weU known that our Churches in college
towns afford the most difficult and important pas-
toral charges. The unusually large proportion of
young people in the congregations, their alertness
of mind respecting the matter and manner of pub-
lic discourse, the discussions in lecture rooms and
lyceum halls, the keen scent for ^heresy' in doctrine,
and the tendency to *size up' the preacher as well
as the professor, make the pastorate of college
audiences a serious situation for the minister of the
Gospel. But all these conditions are advantages
for the superior man. This was the case in the
career of Isaac W. Joyce in Greencastle. At that
time his congregation met in an ancient and plain
brick church called Roberts Chapel. This Church
had been served with eminent success by some of
At Baltimore and Greencaatle, 57
the ablest men in the Conference. But the crisp,
accurate, original, and fervent sermons of Brother
Joyce crowded the edifice to its utmost capacity
with eager listeners. They did not hear simply to
be entertained. The Word took root, and conver-
sions were numerous and abiding. His three years'
pastorate was one continual revival, not in the sense
of continuous meetings, but in the sense of increas-
ing spiritual power. The whole community, col-
lege, town, and even county, were awakened to in-
creased interest in the Christian life. Students, in
letters and visits to their homes, spoke of the power
and blessedness of the preaching of their pastor.
The number of converts in this revival who after-
wards entered the ministry and missionary work
was very considerable. The bishop remarked that
in his Conferences and travels he was surprised at
the number who came to him and referred to their
conversion under his pastorate in Greencastle,
"Without neglecting the towns-people, he was
eminently effective as the pastor of the students.
A layman in the Church remarked, *The boys have
worn out the hall carpet in running to Joyce's
study to consult him about their speeches.' There
were two reasons for this. In the first place the
students admired him as an ideal public speaker.
In the second place Brother Joyce entered into
such hearty sympathy with them in all their stu-
dent affairs, and particularly their intellectual ef-
forts, that they always found him easily approach-
able, the very impersonation of ^brotherly kind-
ness,' and most judicious and helpful in his crit-
icisms and suggestions.
68 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
"Early in his pastorate it was evidenced that a
new church building must be provided. A new and
improved site was selected, and a large and splen-
didly arranged edifice was built. This church has
been regarded a,s a model in size, proportion, con-
venience, and adaptability to the needs of the Col-
lege Avenue congregation. Taking all things into
account, the pastorate of Bishop Joyce in Green-
castle was one of the brightest, most important,
and fruitful chapters in a career full of honor,
power, and blessedness."
At the Annual Conference session of 1879, Dr.
Joyce was elected a delegate to the Greneral Con-
ference of 1880. It is always an honor to be so
preferred by one's brethren, and it is especially so
when one is chosen from the pastorate. This elec-
tion had a very important aftermath. The Gen-
eral Conference of 1880 met in Cincinnati. Dr.
Joyce took an active part in its proceedings, being
secretary of its Committee on Itinerancy. He
preached during the Conference at one of the Sun-
day services at St. Paul Church, then one of the
two leading Methodist Churches of Cincinnati.
His personality and sermon so impressed the con-
gregation that a little later he was invited to be-
come its pastor; and in September following he
was transferred to the Cincinnati Conference and
stationed at St. Paul Church.
>T. PAUL METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
IT was in Cincinnati that the climax of Dr.
Joyce's pastoral success was achieved. He
was just entering his prime, lacking one
month of being forty-four. He went to the lead-
ing Church of the city, St. Paul, one which had
long occupied a commanding place in Western
Methodism. While it had begun to feel the move-
ment towards the suburbs, which has since taken
away some of its financial and numerical strength,
it held the position of leadership in the sisterhood
of Cincinnati Methodist Churches.
On arriving in the city early in September,
1880, Dr. Joyce threw himself with enthusiasm
into every department of Church activity. Always
forceful in the pulpit and often eloquent, he
preached to steadily increasing audiences. He pos-
sessed an unusual measure of what is called mag-
netism, which when analyzed is found to consist
largely of broad and strong sympathies, or heart
power. He was alert, aggressive, optimistic, and
tireless, and the whole Church soon felt the stimu-
60 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
lus of his leadership. His prayer-meetings were
largely attended, and were seasons of spiritual re-
freshing. He gave a great deal of attention to
the Sunday-school, and soon knew the scholars as
well as teachers and officers by name. How fully
he secured the confidence and co-operation of the
young people is shown by the resolutions of the
Official Board at the expiration of his pastorate,
which make special mention of his strong hold on
the young life of the Church.
All this was accomplished by hard pastoral
work. Dr. Joyce was not one of those city pas-
tors who think their duty ended with their Sunday
discourses. During his first six weeks in Cincin-
nati he called on one hundred and thirteen of his
families. He visited faithfully and steadily. Un-
less there was special reason, his calls were brief.
A few words of inquiry about the children of the
home, a w;ord of counsel and comfort to the mother,
and then, if opportunity offered, a brief prayer;
and he was away almost before the family realized
it. It was by such celerity that he could do so
much. Those who think great city pastorates suc-
ceed by force of circumstances are in error. The
distractions are infinite in number and variety.
Success comes only as the result of incessant toil.
Dr. Joyce found it so.
He had a marvelous memory for both faces and
Cincmnati Pastorates, 61
names. Illustrations might be given of his meeting
people for only a moment, and under distracting
conditions, yet of his remembering them years
afterwards and the circumstances under which he
He knew every member of his Church by name,
even to the smallest children. After the Harrison
revival in Cincinnati, which brought hundreds into
St. Paul Church, he knew all the members, new
and old, and their residences, their places of
business, who of them were in school, and the
circumstances of their lives. He was a pastor in-
deed. He was more than once seen carrying bas-
kets of food to some needy family or individual.
When leaving the St. Paul Church pastorate
he wrote out from memory the entire Church rec-
ord. It was found to be absolutely correct — so
correct that a few names that had been omitted
from the record by accident were found on the list
that came from the memory and heart of this faith-
ful shepherd of souls. This same memory for
names and individual conditions of men he retained
when a bishop, giving him a mastery of details
in his cabinet work, whenever that work touched
a man whom he had ever seen.
Writing to an intimate friend, the Rev. W.
McK. Darwood, six weeks after he had begun his
work in Cincinnati, Dr. Joyce said :
Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
"My Dear and Trusted Brother :
"Yours of the 16th inst. made me glad all over;
and your wife's photograph walked into our sit-
ting-room yesterday and made us happier than
ever. Thanks for both letter and picture.
**How glad I am that you have a nice place,
so kind a people, and so large an audience, with
inviting prospects of success. You know that I
am as much interested in your success as I am in
my own. I trust that every hope will be fully
realized, and that you will win many souls to
Christ, How strange it seems that we are so far
from each other ! I feel very lonely here sometimes,
and think of the days of the past, and in memory
"The brethren here treat me with utmost cour-
tesy. (I mean the ministers.) My own Church
members are exceedingly kind and attentive. I
have several of the leading men of the city to
preach to. My audiences are steadily growing.
The prayer-meetings are very large and spiritual,
and I am now confident that I will pay off the
entire Church debt, thirty thousand dollars.
Everybody seems happy and hopeful. It costs
more to live here ; but it is better living, and I am
satisfied. You know we have one of the best par-
sonages in the whole Church. It is well furnished,
and we enjoy it greatly. I have received nine per-
sons by letter, and five on probation. I have visited
one hundred and thirteen of my families, and have
been here less than seven weeks. We are invited
out two, three, or four times a week. Frank is in
Greencastle. He will be home for Thanksgiving
Cincinnati Pastorates. 63
"How I wish I could step into your study to-
night, or you into mine, and have a dear old-fash-
ioned talk ! How it would strengthen and help me !
'*Now I hope to hear from you often, and I
promise you prompt replies. Carrie joins me in
much love to you and afl the family.
"I am the same old friend,
"Isaac W. Joyce."
From the beginning of his work in Cincinnati,
Dr. Joyce felt that the supreme need was a great
revival of religion. For this he prayed and la-
bored. And during his second year, during the
meetings led by Thomas Harrison, the evangelist,
the great revival came. Every night for four
months the church was thronged with people. The
conversions reached fourteen hundred. And St.
Paul Church shared more largely than any other
Church in the results. According to Bishop Wiley
there were twenty-five hundred conversions in Cin-
cinnati and vicinity as a result of this revival.
The influence of these meetings extended far and
wide. All through the West they were talked
about. The writer was then a boy entering col-
lege, but he distinctly recalls the interest they ex-
cited both in the coUege and Church, although
over two hundred miles away. Perhaps the largest
effect of this revival was the way in which it
kindled the imagination and aroused the faith of
ministers and laity all over the West, It is not to
64 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
be doubted that at lecist a hundred revivals sprung
up as the result of this one; somewhat as in 1858
revivals broke out all over the country as the result
of the spreading of the story of the Fulton Street
(New York) prayer-meeting revival. The result
of these labors at St. Paul Church was a greatly
enlarged Church membership. The number of ac-
cessions according to the Official Board's statement
being "unprecedented in the history of Cincinnati
Methodism." The finances of the Church went
upward with a bound, answering, as always, to the
spiritual life of the people. Even though St.
Paul Church was beginning to feel the drain to
the suburbs, which has since so seriously affected
aU of our down-town Churches, yet such was the
organizing generalship of Dr. Joyce, and so genu-
ine and satisfying the tide of spiritual life gener-
ated during his pastorate, as that the Church was
aKve and thrilling to its very finger-tips with social
and religious enthusiasm and activity. At the close
of his pastorate the officiary of the Church adopted
the following resolutions :
"Cincinnati, July 8, 1883.
"At a special meeting of the Official Board of
St. Paul Methodist Episcopal Church, Brother
William Glenn was called to the chair and John P.
Epply was elected secretary. A motion was then
made and carried that a committee of five be ap-
pointed to draft resolutions expressive of the feel-
Cincinnati Pcutorates. 65
ings of the Church and Official Board as to the
ministry of Dr. Joyce in our Church.
"At a meeting held your committee are united
in saying that it was in their opinion a wise and
happy selection when Dr. Joyce, with his faithful
Christian wife, was placed in charge of St. Paul
Methodist Episcopal Church. Through their la-
bors the conversions and accessions to St. Paul
have been unprecedented in the history of Meth-
odism in Cincinnati. Their united labors and vis-
itations among the people, and their labors in the
Sabbath-school and social services of the Church,
have been greatly blessed under God in bringing
young people into the Church. And not only so,
but their efforts to instruct the young in the doc-
trines of Christ have been largely rewarded by giv-
ing to the Church many intelligent workers in the
Church and Sabbath-school. When Dr. Joyce
came to St. Paul the Church had a bonded and
floating debt of over thirty thousand dollars, all
of which has been provided for during his ministry
among us. And a very large share of the credit
is due to him in raising this heavy burden from the
Church. He in the economy of the Church will
soon close his labors with us. He will leave us with
the Church clear of debt, with a very large in-
crease of intelligent Christian workers as trophies
of his ministry among us, both in and out of the
"We commend him with all our hearts to the
people of a sister charge in this city, bespeaking
for him a hearty welcome and cordial support.
"Our hearts will go with him to his new charge
66 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
in an earnest Gk)d-speed. And we shall not cease
to pray that he may be as great a blessing to the
people of his new charge as he has been to us."
At the close of his pastorate at St. Paul, the
three years' limit being then in force, Dr. Joyce
was appointed to Trinity Church, six blocks away.
It was at that time second in strength to the St.
Paul congregation. He was appointed at the
request of the Trinity Official Board.
Here his work went forward after the same vig-
orous fashion as at St. Paul. The Western
Christia/n Advocate of the last of October, 1883,
six or eight weeks after his taking charge at Trin-
"The advices from Trinity Methodist Epis-
copal Church, at Cincinnati, are of a most en-
couraging nature. Under the pastorate of Rev.
Dr. Joyce, late of St. Paul Church, the congrega-
tions have doubled in size and are growing steadily.
Trinity was in former years one of the strongest
charges in Ohio, and with her central position, a
fine property free from debt, a united and active
membership, and good leadership, there is no reason
why she should not regain her best position of other
years, and more. The reports of the late Quar-
terly Conference showed every branch of the
Church actively at work, with promising results
already visible. The congregations are the largest
Cmcmnati Pcutorates. 67
While Dr. Joyce was pastor at Trinity Church
the terrible court-house riot occurred, one of the
worst in this country, in which scores of men
were killed and injured. The rioters had pos-
session of the city for several days. It was a time
of great anxiety for Dr. and Mrs. Joyce, because
their son, Frank, was captain of the Second Ohio
Battery, which took a prominent part in suppress-
ing the riot. Frank had graduated two years be-
fore from DePauw University, where he had been
at the head of the students' military battalion. He
had also been at the head of the crack artillery
company of the university, and had been its cap-
tain when it won first honors in the national mili-
tary drills over all others of the United States,
not including, of course, those in the regular army.
Writing to a friend of this riot. Dr. Joyce said:
"I sent you the papers describing our terrible
riot. We suffered greatly in mental anxiety on
Frank's account. He was in that awful fight of
Saturday night of March 29th. He is captain of
the Second Ohio Battery, and he and his men were
under fire constantly during the time that the riot-
ers were putting forth their strongest efforts to
murder the soldiers. We did not sleep for three
days and nights, so great was our anxiety. But
Grod brought him and his men out of the fight
without a single hurt. And we are thankful and
68 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
During Dr. Joyce's pastorate at Trinity
Church he became greatly burdened about the con-
dition of the city. He felt that nothing but a
great religious awakening could create the new
civic conscience which the community so sorely
needed, and could turn the attention of careless,
unawakened men to the needs of their souls.
He went to the Preachers' Meeting and told
them how he felt; and sought their co-operation
in securing an evangelist then unknown in the
North, but widely and favorably known in the
South — ^the Rev. Sam P. Jones. The brethren did
not see their way to co-operate. Bishop Walden,
however, whom Dr. Joyce trusted and loved pro-
foundly, encouraged him to secure him. So Dr.
Joyce engaged Sam Jones himself, rented Music
Hall, the largest building in the city, and assumed
all the financial responsibility. Within a week
after the meetings opened the whole city was inter-
ested, and many pastors of various denominations,
who had at first withheld their support, joined
heartily in carrying forward the work. Hundreds
were converted, and the city was aroused to a new
civic righteousness. A great religious revival took
place. While there were not a few critics of the
peculiar personality and utterances of the evan-
gelist, practically the whole city honored the pastor
of such heroic faith and coilrage as to lead a move-
Cincinnati Pastorates. 69
ment which affected in its sweep not only a great
munidpalitj, but other communities for himdreds
of miles around.
The Western Christian Advocate said edito-
"The recent revival of this city has attracted
attention from aU parts of the country. The in-
terest awakened by Reverends Jones and Small, the
Greorgia evangelists, was the most remarkable in
years, as evidenced by the vast crowd that con-
stantly attended the meetings. A great revival
like a great campaign must be controlled and di-
rected by a master mind, and the success of the
Cincinnati revival is due to the Rev. Isaac W.
Joyce, of Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church,
upon whose invitation the evangelists came here.
Dr. Joyce is responsible for the two greatest re-
vivals that have occurred in this city in the past
thirty years — ^the one just closed, and the other
known as the Harrison meeting, a few years ago,
will long be remembered."
Dr. Joyce had an influence in Cincinnati much
beyond the bounds of his pastoral charges. He
impressed himself on the general public. He took
the liveliest interest in subjects affecting the public
welfare. He had correspondence with working-
men and working girls about conditions of labor in
the city. These letters he made the basis of ser-
mons in which he pointed out vigorously the in-
70 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
dustrial sins of employers. Although pastor of
many wealthy Methodists, he did not hesitate to
expose the failures and neglects of the well-to-do.
A man of strong sympathies, such as Bishop Joyce
was, would feel bound to utter his protest against
anything like oppression of the weak by the strong.
Always Dr. Joyce was the warm friend of the
old soldiers. He frequently spoke before them.
As a Decoration Day orator or Memorial Sunday
preacher he was unexcelled. This brought him
into contact with a large number outside of his
own Church circles and made him a well-known
man in Cincinnati. It also gave him a larger ac-
quaintance with the newspaper men. And their
good-will is an important factor in the success of
a minister in the city.
But it was in the management of the great
revivals that Dr. Joyce impressed himself most
strongly upon the city as a whole, and upon the
Methodism of that part of the country. While
at first in both the great revivals he was almost
alone in the responsibility of these movements, yet
each time the revivals grew to such proportions
as to sweep in the other Churches and to awaken
the interest and largely the co-operation of the
entire Protestant religious public. It was these
movements — ^the arranging of their details, the
financing of them, the keeping them off the rocks,
that displayed generalship. Perhaps it was this
Cincinnati Pastorates. 71
that more than anything else marked him as a
really great executive and administrator, and di-
rected the attention of the Church towards him as
a suitable man for its greatest administrative
ofBce — ^the bishopric.
The strength of Dr. Joyce's hold on the city
was shown in nothing more clearly than by the
fact that at the close of his pastorate of three
years at Trinity, he was again invited to become
pastor at St. FauL In our judgment this was
a greater compliment than if he had been invited
to serve a seventh consecutive year at St. Paul.
For these two Churches were but a few blocks
apart, their territory practically the same, and the
opportunities for friction must have been number-
less. For a pastor to conduct himself with such
wisdom, and at the same time with such successful
aggressiveness, as that he was invited back to a
third consecutive pastorate in the same territory,
showed great practical wisdom in dealing with men.
And it showed also that in the judgment of the
princely laymen who composed the leadership of
St. Faul Church the resources of Dr. Joyce had
by no means been exhausted. During Dr. Joyce's
years in the episcopal office some ministers criti-
cised his intellectual qualifications, who, in their
own pastorates, never came within gunshot of
this magnificent achievement of Dr. Joyce in Cin-
72 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
cinnati. We speak of this here because of the dis-
position in some quarters to measure preachers by
purely academic and artificial standards, instead of
by the influence and work actually achieved. A
man is as great as the sum of his achievements.
Yet men whose Churches die on their hands will
send the dagger of unbrotherly and unchristian
criticism into ministers who lead forlorn hopes to
magnificent success, because those ministers do not
happen to fulfill certain doctrinaire conceptions of
It was this kind of criticism that caused Dr.
Joyce the keenest suffering of anything in his
entire ministry, if we may judge from his letters.
He was an exquisitely sensitive soul. The great-
ness of his power to love was the measure of his
power to suffer. There were times when for weeks
together he suffered so keenly under hostile criti-
cism, and strangely enough from hostile ministerial
criticism, as that he was tempted to resign his
charge and leave the city. Writing to his friend,
the Rev. William McK. Darwood, of New York
City, he says :
"My mental suffering was great, I assure you,
and my spiritual nature was in an agony a great
part of the time. I lived in torture for days. But
I had two never-failing friends in all this fearful
ordeal — my faithful wife, and the blessed God and
Father of my salvation. Finally the sun began to
Cincmnati Pastorates. 73
shine, I felt better. I left all with Him who is the
Head of the Church. I gathered up my energies,
concentrated my forces again, and went to work.
God is wonderfully blessing my work. And while
my bruised feelings pain me now and then, yet I
am clinging to God with an unyielding grasp. I
love Him supremely."
Perhaps Dr. Joyce took to heart too deeply
the criticisms that were directed against him. The
tender mercies of politicians are never gentle,
whether those politicians be ecclesiastical or secu-
lar. When a man gets taU enough to be seen
above the heads of the crowd he becomes a target
for the shafts of rivals, not to say of the envious.
But notwithstanding some unfriendly criti-
cism. Dr. Joyce grew steadily in the favor of
the city and of the Churches. He was elected
president of the Interdenominational Ministerial
Union, and also was one of the prominent officers
of the Law and Order League.
His influence extended out into the surround-
ing States. He was called all over the Central
West for special service for the Church. And it
became evident that he was the most powerful
factor in the life of Methodism in Cincinnati.
In the fall of 1887 Dr. Joyce was elected a
delegate to the General Conference, which was to
meet the ensuing May in New York City. His
election was an especially high honor in view of
74 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
the small delegation which the Cincinnati Confer-
ence could send — four, while there were so many
men of pronounced ability in its membership. And
also it was a high compliment because of his being
a transfer into the Conference.
Writing to his friend, Dr. Darwood, in Janu-
ary, 1888, Dr. Joyce said:
"My time will be out here in the fall of 1889.
But I have an idea that the Greneral Conference
will add another year to the pastoral term, making
four years instead of three; and if that should be
done, then I will stay here until 1890. I am glad
to report to you that my work goes well. I have
been like a race horse on the track, and from Mon-
day morning until Sunday night I am on the rush.
I am in the midst of a meeting, and you know what
kind of work a protracted meeting means.
"There is one thing that I would be especially
glad to see; viz., that beginning at the close of
Greneral Conference, the great Methodist Episcopal
Church would enter upon the next quadrennium
with only one purpose inspiring all her move-
ments — ^in every department of her organization —
that is, to see how many souls this great Church
could lead to Christ in the next four years. It
seems to me that with our great army of ministers,
and our nearly two million of members, we ought
to do grand work for Grod and humanity."
Dr. Joyce's expectation about returning to
Cincinnati was not fulfilled for reasons that become
apparent in our next chapter.
IT would be inaccurate to say that when the
Board of Bishops nominates a minister to
serve as fraternal delegate to one of the
great sister denominations of Christendom, they
place that minister in nomination for the oiSSce of
bishop. Doubtless no such consideration ever in-
fluenced the action of the Episcopal Board. Yet
such a nomination carries with it in so marked a
degree the stamp of approval of that board — ^and
it is the most powerful group of men in the
Church — as that its effect is scarcely less than if
the purpose to place a man in nomination for the
episcopacy were present.
In 1886 Dr. Joyce was appointed fraternal
delegate to the Methodist Church of Canada,
which met in Metropolitan Methodist Church, To-
ronto, in September. He was now in the prime
of his powers — ^just fifty. The Montreal Globe
gave the following description of his reception by
the Canadian brethren:
"The secretary then read the credentials of
Rev. Dr. Joyce, of the Cincinnati Conference,
76 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
after which the Chairman introduced that gentle-
man to the Conference. Dr. Joyce has a fine
physique and a most intellectual face, while his
manner of speaking is slow and deliberate. He
asked the audience to try and picture the astonish-
ment of John Wesley, if that great father of
Methodism could look in upon them that evening,
and see as the fruits of his efforts representatives
of grand and growing Methodist Churches gath-
ered from all parts of the world. The speaker
then dwelt upon the great work that might be
done by Methodists in the United States. The
great probleins that were vexing them there every
year more and more, were lawlessness, infidelity,
intemperance, and Mormonism.
'^As to Mormonism, the Christian people of
the United States and the Grovemment of the
United States were determined that it should be
stamped out. The Methodist Episcopal Church
was one of the great weapons with which they were
to contest and overcome these evils. The Church
was united there and spoke with one voice. Other
great weapons of warfare were the Sunday-school
and the press of the Church.
"Touching on the educational question, he said
they had in the United States some years ago con-
siderable trouble over the question of colleges.
Every little town wanted a college or a univer-
sity or a high school or a seminary or something
of the kind, and in a good many cases the small
towns secured the colleges. But they had found
out their mistake and had merged the smaller col-
leges into the larger ones, and now had great col-
Elected Bishop. 77
I leges and universities only at the most central and
most useful points in the country. (Applause.)
"The speaker then told of the strength of the
; Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States,
and said he hoped and believed that before long
the Methodist bodies of the United States would
unite and form one great Church as they had done
in 'Canada. (Applause.) He referred most en-
couragingly to the missionary work of the Church
in his country, and brought thunders of applause
by touching on Bishop Taylor's grand work in
Africa, and referring to the great missionary as
the greatest hero since St. Paul and Martin Luther.
The address was listened to with the deepest atten-
tion, and frequently broken by applause.
"Dr. Sutherland moved a congratulatory reso-
lution to the speaker, which was carried with ac-
In May, 1888, Dr. Joyce journeyed to New
York City, together with the other Cincinnati Con-
ference delegates, Charles H. Payne, Adna B.
Leonard, and Jeremiah H. Bayliss. Dr. Joyce
was the last of the group elected by his Conference.
But it was doubly complimentary to him that he
should have been elected at all in view of the fact
that he was a "transfer," having been a member
of the Conference but seven years at the time of
his election. Four years before, in 1884, he had
been chosen a reserve delegate.
Dr. Joyce served as a member of the Committee
78 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
on Itinerancy in the Greneral Conference, and was
the committee's secretary.
Two important duties devolved upon him at
this Conference. One was the making of a report
to it of his official visit to the Methodist Church
of Canada. The other was his memorial of Bishop
Wiley. Perhaps this last event brought him more
prominently before the Conference than any other
act. His address on Bishop Wiley was a model
of good taste and sympathetic delineation.
Dr. Joyce and Bishop Wiley had been the
closest of friends. On his arrival in Cincinnati as
pastor of St. Paul Church Dr. Joyce had been
received to the heart of Bishop Wiley. The inti-
macy begun then lasted until Bishop Wiley's death
in China in 1884. Bishop Wiley's family were
members of Dr. Joyce's Church in Cincinnati.
When in the city the bishop himself was in the
congregation, one of Dr. Joyce's most sympathetic
hearers. Bishop Wiley's daughter, Nellie, was con-
verted under Dr. Joyce's ministry at St. Paul
Church. And it was Dr. Joyce who broke to
Bishop Wiley the sad news of the death of the
bishop's only son, by burning in a great fire in
a drugstore, when the latter was a Senior at the
The General Conference of 1888 decided to
elect five bishops. The ofiice is a more important
Elected Bishop. 79
one in the Methodist Episcopal Church than in
any other Church employing the Episcopal form
of supervision. "The Protestant Episcopal Church
has one hundred and two bishops in the United
States, who supervise three quarters of a million
members. The Roman Catholic Church has one hun-
dred and six archbishops and bishops ,who super-
vise eleven million communicants. The Methodist
Episcopal Church has (at the time we write)
fifteen bishops, only twelve of whom are assigned
to the Conferences in the United States. These
supervise sixteen thousand churches and three mil-
lion members. The bishops appoint the pastors
to the Churches, every appointment being reviewed
and fixed each year. In addition to this most re-
sponsible duty the bishops are members of the
several great benevolence boards of the Church
which administer millions of money every year.
They determine the course of study of all the
preachers who enter the ministry, and a course of
study for an army of local preachers. They su-
pervise the theological seminaries of the Church,
having veto power over the selection of their teach-
ers. They scrutinize every part of the work of
the Church and make recommendations concerning
it to the General Conference. They elect the fra-
ternal representatives to the various sister denomi-
nations of Christians. And in addition to all these
80 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
functionsy by virtue of the life tenure of their
office and the extremely wide acquaintance they
enjoy, they are able to exercise a personal influ-
ence which is no less than extraordinary.
Hence it is that the Episcopacy is looked upon
within the Methodist Episcopal Church as being
the highest position in point of honor, and the
highest in its opportunities for usefulness, of all
the positions in the gift of the Church. And
friends of preachers can think of no better wish
than that they shall be elected to the Episcopacy.
The old Methodist mother of William McKinley
when asked if she were not delighted over her son's
election as President of the United States, replied :
"Yes, but I would rather have seen him a Methodist
No doubt there will be found those who would
dissent from the foregoing observations and ad-
duce some vigorous reasons for another view. And
three men have declined elections to that office.
Nevertheless the views just expressed state the
general feeling about the office among the people
On May 2Sd the balloting began. On the first
ballot eighty-four persons were voted for. Dr.
Joyce stood fifth in the total vote received, having
145 votes out of a total of 447. On the second
ballot he received 217 votes, and came fourth in
Elected Bishop. 81
the total number received. On the third ballot
he received 260 votes, and came up to third place.
On this ballot Dr. J. H. Vincent and Dr. J. N.
FitzGerald were elected. On the fourth ballot
Dr. Joyce led with 265 votes; and on the iSfth
ballot he was elected with 326 votes out of a
total of 449. His was the largest vote received by
any bishop elected.
It is of interest to recall that three of the four
delegates of the Cincinnati Conference received
votes for bishop, and all were chosen to General
Conference positions, a fact probably unduplicated
in any General Conference election in the history
of the Church. Dr. Bayliss, editor of the Western
Christian Advocate, received 15 votes for bishop;
and Dr. Charles H. Payne, President of the Ohio
Wesleyan University, received 148. In addition
to this. Dr. Cranston, who was living at Cincin-
nati, though a member of another Conference, re-
ceived 144 votes.
The correspondent of the Cincinnati Commer-
cial-Gazette at New York said:
"The election of Dr. Joyce was a good deal
of a surprise to many in this region (New York).
It was a magnificent triumph that grows on those
who study it. . . . He was comparatively unknown
throughout the East, and consequently had not
much hold here. His friends, however, both within
the Conference and outside of it, were not a few,
Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
and through them his superior qualities were
brought to the attention of the delegates. His
paper on Bishop Wiley, his presence, his manner,
and his spirit, so won upon the Conference that
upon the fifth ballot, as the third man chosen, he
went in with such a vote as was never in any other
instance given to any man in his election to the
Episcopacy in the Methodist Episcopal Church.
His triumph is complete. He is believed to be a
clean, strong man, full of manly sympathies and
parts, and a bom leader among men, while modest
and affable in an unusual degree."
Of Bishop Joyce's election. Dr. James M.
Buckley, in his "History of Methodism," says:
"His marked eflSciency as a pastor and evangel-
ist, his prudence and fervency, commended him to
the large number who justly believed that the pcw-
torate should always be represented upon the Board
Of the ten men leading in the votes for bishop
in the General Conference of 1888, only three were
from the pastorate. The others were in secretarial
or educational work. Dr. Buckley said of Bishop
Joyce's election after the latter's death:
"These things gave his candidacy the benefit
of a spontaneous impetus. He was a pastor. Al-
ready two general officials had been elected. He
had always been a pastor, excepting a brief term
as presiding elder, which office in reality does not
Elected Bishop. 83
divorce a man from the pastorate, since he has
a constant intercourse with the ministry, the
Churches, and the laity. He was not only a pas-
tor, but one highly emotional, a lover and a pro-
moter of genuine revivals. He was not conspicu-
ously identijSed with the burning issue at that time
— ^the admission of women into the Greneral Con-
ference — ^although when his name was called he
voted not to admit the delegates, but to submit the
question of constitutionality to the Church. His
bearing on the Committee on Itinerancy made him
many friends. There and elsewhere, whenever any
one named for the Episcopacy was mentioned in
his presence, or his opinion of any one nominated
was asked, in every case he mentioned the quali-
fications of such persons without one disparaging
word or look. The siun of his career abundantly
justifies his election."
After the election it developed that some dele-
gates had adopted a unique method of arriving at
one qualification for the Episcopacy of men whose
election was being advocated. They called on
Dr. Joyce and asked his opinion of one or two
men who were being prominently mentioned. Dr.
Joyce spoke highly of them. The delegates then
went to the other men and asked them their opinion
of Dr. Joyce as an Episcopal possibility. These
brethren spoke disparagingly of the Doctor, de-
claring it would never do to elect him. The out-
come was that these men lost the votes of this
84 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
group of delegates, while they were all given to
The Independent^ one of the leading religious
journals of America, speaking of the election of
bishops from a non-Methodist standpoint, said:
"In the election of Bishops Vincent, Fitz-
Gerald, Joyce, and Goodsell the Conference struck
a high plane of ability and character. Bishop
Vincent excels as preacher, educator, organizer;
Bishop FitzGrerald in administrative and judicial
ability ; Bishop Joyce in balance of powers ; Bishop
Groodsell in strength and grace of mind and char-
The election of Dr. Joyce to the Episcopacy
was favorably received by the Church at large.
It provoked the greatest enthusiasm in Cincinnati,
Greencastle, and Lafayette, where he had held long
A movement was immediately set on foot by
Cincinnati Methodists to secure his residence in
Cincinnati, which had long been one of the cities
designated by the General Conference as an Epis-
copal residence. As this was not in harmony with
the method then in vogue, which gave the bishops
their choice of residence in the order of their
seniority of election, the plan to bring Bishop
Joyce to Cincinnati was not carried out. He was
assigned to Chattanooga, Tennessee, instead. The
Elected Bishop. 85
following is the report of the efforts of the friends
of Bishop Joyce to secure his residence in Cincin-
nati, as set forth in one of the papers there:
"The following memorial to the Board of
Bishops, asking that Cincinnati be made the Epis-
copal residence of Bishop I. W. Joyce, has been
signed by several hundred prominent laymen of
the Methodist Churches of this city and duly for-
" *To the Board of Bishops of the Methodist Epis-
" *Reveeend and Beloved Fathers, — ^During
the period of his pastorship in this city — consisting
of nearly eight years — ^Rev. Isaac W. Joyce, D. D.,
has shown an executive capacity and magnetic
force which enabled him to awaken widespread re-
ligious interest in the community, and conduct in
worship crowded assemblies; to secure increeised
congregations and membership in the Churches to
which he was appointed; to interest men, women,
and children in personal religion and train them
for Church work; to supervise and direct wisely
the secular affairs of his charges, and to stimulate
his people to greater liberality toward all our con-
** *He early won and has held the respect, affec-
tion, and confidence of Cincinnati Methodists. He
is to-day the recognized wise and judicious leader
of the Protestant ministers and laymen of our city
in all concerted plans and efforts to secure public
reforms — such as Sabbath observance, enforcement
86 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
of law and order, and other good works. Our best
citizens of all classes — Church-goers and non-
Church-goers — ^hold him in high esteem.
" 'Permit, therefore, the undersigned to express
the hope and wish that, if it shall create no em-
barrassment in making your selections, Bishop I.
W. Joyce be allowed to select Cincinnati for his
"Another paper, having the same object in view,
has also been forwarded to the Board of Bishops,
supported by resolutions passed by the Official
Boards of nineteen Methodist Churches in Cincin-
nati and vicinity.*'
His Episcopal Residences: Chattanooga and
CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, was the
first episcopal residence of Bishop Joyce.
At the time of his election the bishops in
the order of seniority chose their places of resi-
dence from the cities designated by the General
Conference as episcopal residences. Since then
the plan of assigning the bishops to their resi-
dences by the General Conference itself has been
Bishop and Mrs. Joyce removed at once to
Chattanooga, and for eight years that city was
their home. Their son, Frank, during Dr. Joyce's
stay in Cincinnati, had married Miss Jessie Birch,
daughter of Hon. Jesse Birch, of Bloomington,
Illinois, and Cincinnati became their home for
some years. Later the two families were to be
delightfully reunited at Minneapolis.
Bishop Joyce threw himself with his customary
energy into the work of the Church in the South.
While his presidency of Conferences, in harmony
with our plan of General Superintendency, took
88 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
him all over the country and into foreign lands,
yet he was able to keep in close touch with the local
work in Chattanooga, and with the work through-
out the Central South.
The First Methodist Episcopal Church, of
Chattanooga, was not then the great Chiurch it is
to-day. At the time the bishop went to the city
the Church was in a discouraged condition. The
salary was but twelve hundred dollars a year, and
the influence exerted by the Church in the com-
munity was not large. Bishop and Mrs. Joyce
put their energies into the work of this Church.
Mrs. Joyce accepted the presidency of its Woman's
Foreign Missionary Society. Bishop Joyce at-
tended the Official Board meetings whenever pos-
sible, and counseled with the brethren. New hope
and courage were infused into the Church's work.
A leading layman of this Church says that the
splendid growth achieved by this Church since has
been due in no small degree to the counsel and en-
couragement of Bishop Joyce.
Throughout the city also he made his influ-
ence felt. He preached in every Protestant church
in the city ; in some of them repeatedly. He iden-
tified himself with the city's life. Again and again
he was the orator of the local posts of the Grand
Army of the Republic at their Decoration-day
services. Mrs. Joyce organized the Kindergarten
His Episcopal Residences. 89
Association of Chattanooga, and came into pleas-
ant social contact with the ladies of the city.
Bishop Joyce looked carefully also into the
condition of the town and country Churches. Into
every remote part of the Holston Conference he
found his way, going where no bishop had ever
before found his way, according to the statement
of laymen on the ground. He was a true **epis-
copos** — overseer. Rev. J. J. Manker, D. D.,
a prominent member of the Holston Conference,
"During his stay at Chattanooga he took upon
himself, perhaps more than any other bishop has
ever done, the cares and burdens of the pastors and
Churches, lavishing his own means in efforts to
help where help was sorely needed and could be
given in no other way. He never made any dis-
play of his charities, and probably no one ever
knew how he denied himself in order to render
assistance to the needy."
How deeply he became interested in the various
charges in the region about him may be inferred
from the following letter, written to a young min-
ister in a Northern State, as the latter was about
leaving his first pastorate:
^^Chattanooga, Tenn., March H^ 1889.
"My Deae :
**It has been in my heart many days to write
you. I want a pastor for Anniston, Alabama.
90 Life of IscMC Wilson Joyce.
We are building a new stone church at a cost
of sixteen thousand dollars. It will be finished in
May. The town has twelve thousand people. Very
many of them are from the North. They are of
our Church, and friends of our cause. It is a new
place for us. Whoever goes there will have to
organize the Church. We will be able to start with
seventy-five or one hundred members. The town
will give five hundred dollars, and I will add to
that three hundred dollars from the Missionary
Society, making in all eight hundred dollars for
the first year. We can pay one thousand dollars
the second year. This is one of the very best
fields I know anywhere for a young man who wants
to do a great work for Grod and the Church. The
town will double its population in less than five
years. Do you know of a young man who is thor-
oughly devoted and consecrated to the Lord, who
can preach, will visit, is good in a prayer-meeting ;
loves Sunday-school work — ^in short, loves to do the
work of a Methodist preacher? Do you know of
such a young man — not one who you think would
do, but one who you know would do? It has been
the prayer of my very inmost thought and heart
all day to-day that it may be the will of the Lord
to put it into your heart to say to me that you
will take this field and cultivate it for the blessed
Christ. If such should be the case, I would be the
happiest man in this whole Southland.
"Now, my dear boy, let me hear from you at
the earliest possible moment, for I must settle this
matter within the next ten days. God bless you!
"Faithfully your friend,
"Isaac W. Joyce,"
His Episcopal Residences. 91
This little incident, unimportant in itself, shows
how Bishop Joyce took all the Churches on his
heart. He identifies himself with their interests —
says *Sfe can pay" so much this year and so much
next. It is this absolute pouring out of himself
in behalf of every part of his field that accounts
for the magnitude of his achievements, and for the
breaking down of his magnificent physique years
before a reasonable time.
In the discharge of the duties of his office on
one occasion, he accepted the hospitality of a col-
ored presiding elder at Cleveland, Tennessee. This
aroused the prejudices of some people, and he
was bitterly assailed in the public press. He
made no reply to these attacks, although they
wounded his sensitive and tender heart to the very
quick. Instead, he went steadily forward in the
discharge of his duties, and the persecution soon
spent itself. While the feeling was most bitter
he was invited to preach at First Church in
Chattanooga, and a magnificent audience turned
out to hear him, composed of the leading citizens
of Chattanooga of all Churches. Coming when
and as it did, this was a great comfort to Bishop
Joyce, evidencing thus openly the high esteem in
which he was held in the city that had been his
home for five years.
In addition to all his other labors. Bishop Joyce
Life of hcMc WiUon Joyce.
assumed, at the earnest and insistent request of
the trustees, the Chancellorship of the U. S. Grant
University. He consented to take this oiBce only
because it was a critical time in the institution's
history, arising out of causes which led also to
the consolidation of our two Methodist colleges
in the Holston Conference, located at Chattanooga
and Athens respectively. Bishop Joyce received
no salary. The services he rendered in this im-
portant position are declared to have been of in-
estimable value to the Church. And in this work
Mr. John A. Patten, a prominent layman of the
Holston Conference, says, "He showed the qualities
of a statesman."
At the close of the General Conference of 1896
Bishop Joyce transferred his residence to Minne-
apolis, Minnesota. Owing to the fact that his
son. Colonel Frank M. Joyce, had recently removed
to that city, this change of residence was especially
gratifying to Bishop and Mrs. Joyce. Minne-
apolis continued to be their home for over nine
years, until Bishop Joyce was called to his heav-
Almost inmiediately after taking up his resi-
dence in Minneapolis (June, 1896), Bishop and
Mrs. Joyce left for the Orient, where the bishop
supervised for two years our Conferences in Japan,
Korea, and China. This foreign work is described
in another chapter.
His Episcopal Residences. 93
Before leaving for the Orient, Bishop Joyce
preached at the Hennepin Avenue Church in Min-
neapolis. Reference to the occasion is made by
one of the local dailies as follows :
"Bishop Joyce, who is to relieve Bishop Fowler
as the head of the Methodist Episcopal Church
in the Northwest, preached his iSrst sermon to a
Minnesota congregation at Hennepin Avenue
Methodist Episcopal Church yesterday morning.
It was a living sermon, full of hope and faith in
the glorious possibilities of human nature, and
seemed bom of the June simshine and beautiful
flowers that filled the church.
"Bishop Joyce is first of all a preacher. He
has a kindly face, a devout enthusiasm, and that
rarest of gifts, personal magnetism. There was
vitality, earnestness, and cheerfulness in all he said,
and lus impassioned appeal for a deeper under-
standing of the ^things which are not seen,' stirred
his hearers profoundly. Bishop Joyce's voice is
eloquent even in his colloquial speech, and in the
higher flights of pure oratory it was greatly ef-
"The bishop took for his text 2 Cor. iv, 18,
*While we look not at the things which are seen,
but at the things which are not seen. For the
things which are seen are temporal, but the things
which are not seen are eternal.'
"He said in part : *This world, which is but an
aggregation of material things, is of less impor-
tance than it seems to be. We want to feel that the
foundations under us are immovable, and we reach
94 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
out to touch that which is not possible. The mental
is greater than the material, and the spiritual can
not be satisfied with that which is merely for the
passing moment. No thoughtful man regards the
pleasures that come out of material things as his
greatest blessings. It is a world of beauty, and
life and light, that sometimes makes us feel that
it is the only world. And when I reflect that the
majority of the people in it go to bed hungry,
and that the morrow can bring them nothing but
the hope of going forth to battle for existence, I
do not wonder that men learn to think beyond the
hour. We come into this great world and push
and fight and crowd. Then there is darkness and
we pass out, and if that were all I would rather
now break through the crust of things into the
dust of oblivion.'
"The bishop then spoke earnestly of a better
world, and mentioned with the deepest satisfaction
that scientific men were to-day finding the truths
of the Bible not inconsistent with the laws of the
universe; that *men of the highest scholarship are
beginning to find that there is another life just
next door to this material life; that justice says,
unless there is another life this life is a mockery,
and infinite wisdom is toying with the minds and
hearts of men. Christ has said there is another
world. God has said it, and. Father divine, I thank
Thee for the declaration.'
"Continuing, the bishop said men could not
hope to come to an understanding with their Heav-
enly Father in this world. In that better life alone
would it be possible for them to achieve His great-
His Episcopal Residences. 95
est development, and re£ilize all His grand possi-
bilities. The Father, too, would then have a better
chance to show the efficacy of His grace.
" *When the sun goes down to-day it will set
upon a better world than it looked upon this morn-
ing. This is the best world since our first parents
were in Eden. The Bible is a bigger book to-day
than ever, and this material universe is richer than
our fathers ever dreamed. In 1896, Jesus Christ
is a larger Christ than He was 1800 years ago.'
**At the close of his sermon. Bishop Joyce ad-
dressed his congregation on a personal matter. 'I
am very sorry I can not move here for some time,'
he said ; *duty calls me to Korea, Japan, and China,
and I leave here Wednesday morning. My plans
are to be absent two years, but I hope to be with
you in March or April, 1898. I never shirk my
duty, and I go to those distant lands with the same
failli that I would visit your Churches here. Re-
member me in your family prayers, and I will pray
for you.' "
Bishop and Mrs. Joyce returned from the
Orient in April, 1898, and immediately proceeded
to Minneapolis. They were given receptions by
the Churches of both Minneapolis and St. Paul.
The St. Paul Pumeer-Press gives the following de-
scription of the reception at the latter city, in
which the governor took part:
"Such a welcome as Bishop Isaac W. Joyce
received last evening in the Central Park Church
from the members of the Methodist congregations
Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
of St. Paul will live long in his memory. The
bishop only recently took up his residence in Minne-
apolis, and the reception last evening was taken
as an opportunity for the clergy and the laymen
to meet him and Mrs. Joyce.
**Every Methodist Church in the city was rep-
resented in the audience which faced the bishop and
those on the pulpit platform with him. Governor
and Mrs. Lind were there, and so were Rev.
Benjamin Longley, pastor of Central Park; Dr.
Bridgman, president of Hamline University ; Judge
Brill and Dr. F. M. Rule, presiding elder of the
St. Paul District. Dr. Rule was the chairman of
the meeting. Beautiful flowers and potted plants
were placed in profusion about the platform.
"Addresses of welcome were delivered to the
bishop and to his wife. Mrs. Longley addressed
the greeting of the women to Mrs. Joyce, and she
responded feelingly. Dr. Bridgman spoke on be-
half of the ministers, and Judge Brill on behalf
of the laity.
" *Our Church has been very fortunate,' said
Judge Brill, *in its selections of men for the high
office of bishop. A Methodist bishop is no ordi-
nary bishop. He is the head of one of the greatest
religious organizations upon the globe. Unlike
any other potentate, civil or ecclesiastical, he
is not confined to any State, or continent, or nation.
His diocese is the world. We are to be congratu-
lated to-night that we have as guest one of these
Methodist bishops, and that he has come to live
among us and be our neighbor and friend, and we
are to felicitate ourselves that he is a bishop who
His Episcopal Residences. 97
so nearly fills the PauHne ideal — that he is so
spiritually minded, so zealous in good works, so
abundant in labors, and is so in touch with the
life of the plain people. The people of this Pauline
city bid this Pauline bishop welcome.
** *We need his ripe experience, his wise counsel,
and the stirring influence of his spiritual force.
The people of New York and other communities
are wont to think that about everything worth
while resides with them, and that we provincials
are narrow and imcultured. Perhaps in our battle
with the elements of nature, which we have had
to subdue in this new country, we of the West have
given too little attention to the block of our hats
or the cut of our coats. However this may be, we
can assure Bishop Joyce and Mrs. Joyce that we
have warm hearts, and into the innermost recesses
of our afl^ections we to-night bid them enter. Our
hearts, our homes, and our extremest means lie all
imlocked to their occasions.'
"Governor Lind, so the chairman stated in his
presentation remarks, had been asked to represent
*all creation' by his presence at the reception. The
governor said his mother was a Methodist, and
therefore Methodism meant much to him. *It is
one of the Churches of the world,* said he, *that
has never felt the blight of being a State Church.'
Then he told how important a factor the Methodist
Church is in religion, and in education, *and — ^yes,
in politics,' he added. He concluded by extending
a hearty welcome to the bishop and his wife.
"When the bishop commenced to speak his
voice was soft and low, but pretty soon he *got
98 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
warmed up,' as he himself expressed it, and talked
in the old-fashioned Methodist way. His auditors
were delighted, for Bishop Joyce is one of the
most entertaining of pulpit orators. He told of
the work of the bishops, and he confided to his lis-
teners that he would like nothing better than an
opportunity to discontinue for a period his regular
duties and make a tour of the State and go into
the homes of the laymen. He desired to come into
contact with the laity. He was glad that he had
been brought into Minnesota *to help a little in
the building up of righteousness in the North-
"The bishop returned to this country from
China last April after a toiu* of the world. He
has therefore traveled much. He is a keen student
of human natiu*e. He spoke in the Norwegian and
Swedish tongues toward the close of his remarks,
and alluded to the purpose of the Methodist Church
to raise twenty million dollars as a twentieth-cen-
tury thank-offering to carry on the work of the
Church. He urged all to help, especially in the
work of securing two million converts while the
great fund is being raised."
In Minneapolis and throughout the Northwest
Bishop Joyce threw himself into the work just as
he had done in the South. Dedicating churches by
the score, preaching on special occasions, speaking
at camp-meetings, conventions, and Conferences,
besides all the regular work in presiding at the
Annual Conferences filled his days and nights with
His Episcopal Residences. 99
toil. The Northwestern Christian Advocate says
••The same spirit of helpfulness which he dis-
played toward his members when a pastor he dis-
played toward Churches after he became a bishop.
During his residence in Minneapolis he devoted
himself to the work of the Chiu'ch, particularly to
that part of the Church needing him most. From
deliberate conviction he gave himself to the weaker
Churches, and it is a matter of record that he
preached and lectured, frequently paying his own
expenses and always without compensation, at
ninety-two places in the Northwest which had never
before been visited by a bishop of our communion.*'
From a personal letter from Dr. Fayette L.
Thompson, pastor of Hennepin Avenue Church,
Minneapolis, printed in the Central Christia/n Ad-
vocate of January 25, 1905, we quote :
"I wrote in a recent issue of the Central a
quotation from my calendar relative to the love
and esteem in which Bishop Joyce and his family
are held by Hennepin Avenue Church. I am glad
you used that, yet had I known you were to do
so, I would have made it much stronger. I most
confidently believe that Bishop Joyce and his fam-
ily come as near to the actual New Testament of
what a bishop in the Church of Gk)d should be
as it is possible for flesh and blood. When in the
city the Bishop is always at prayer-meeting, mod-
est, retiring, requesting to be permitted to sit with
100 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
the worshipers and to be given no more attention
than though he were a layman. On a number
of occasions, when unusually pressed with work, he
has called up the pastor over the telephone early
Thursday evening to say that he had expected to
be at the service, but he did not see how he could
come that evening, but that his heart and prayers
were with us in our devotions. In these days,
when it is rumored that some bishops and even some
presiding elders are so great in the offices they hold
as to be excused from the usual personal loyalties
to the local Church expected from influential peo-
ple, it is indeed a delight to have in one's congre-
gation such people as this saintly bishop and his
family. If there is a solitary thing in which he
can help any pastor in the city that he is not doing,
I am frank to say that I do not know it. He is a
blessing and inspiration to all of us, and withal
as genial and modest as a child. Someway it seems
to me if the Church could appreciate its saints
while they are still with us more than we do, it
would be well — ^well for them, well for us.'*
In 1902 Bishop Joyce was assigned to visit
our Conferences in South America, and late that
autumn he and Mrs. Joyce sailed for that country.
The description of his work there is given in the
chapter on "Foreign Missions.'' On their return
to this coimtry a reception on a large scale was
planned for them by Minneapolis Methodists. The
following account of it is from the Minneapolis
His Episcopal Residences. 101
^^The deep respect and genuine affection the
Methodists of the city fed for Bishop Isaac W.
Joyce and his wife were manifested last evening
in a reception in Wesley Church, such as is rarely
accorded any one on their home coming.
**Those present were not wholly confined to
Methodism, but all denominations joined in giving
welcome to the man and woman who have devoted
their lives to the good of mankind.
"Wesley Church has rarely presented a more
beautiful appearance, nor held a more notable
array of speakers, for nation, State, and Church
were represented. In his address Bishop Joyce
said that no one quite realized the beauties of the
American flag imtil one had spent some time in
foreign lands, and it seemed in special keeping with
his expressed love for his country's emblem that
innumerable flags were used to decorate the church.
"The entire balcony and Sunday-school was
draped with flags, and the supporting pillars were
wound with the national colors. Draping the pul-
pit rail and organ were the Stars and Stripes, and
red and white bunting hung over doorways and
arches. Palms and American Beauty roses added
to the beautiful effect.
^^Dr. Mark Smith presided, introducing the
speakers, who were Governor Samuel R. Van Sant,
Senator Moses E. Clapp, Congressman John Lind,
Mayor J. C. Haynes, Dr. William Fielder, Dr.
Robert Forbes, and Dr. James S. Montgomery.
**Gk)vemor Van Sant in a few well chosen words
honored the bishop as a man, and for his work
welcomed him back to the great Commonwealth of
102 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
"Senator Clapp spoke in eloquent language of
the good that was being accomplished by men and
women like Bishop and Mrs. Joyce, and he be-
lieved that the world was growing better.
"Mr. Lind emphasized the fact that in all the
recent interviews given by Bishop and Mrs. Joyce
they had always spoken well of the country in
which they were carrying on their work. They
had always found something encouraging, some-
thing hopeful. Mr. Lind added, "We are not
here to welcome a hero from many battles, but a
man and wife engaged in good work, and this is
of infinitely more good to the world than battle-
"Mayor Haynes paid a warm tribute to the
unselfish life, doing good to others, bringing to the
soul of man comfort, a life that deserved and re-
ceived the respect of all men.
"In Bishop Joyce was found the kind of hu-
man nature that grows younger, the kind that
never grows old.
"Dr. Fielder told that a woman recently re-
turning from India said that no one had left there
richer memories, holier influences, a more perma-
nently good impression than had Bishop and Mrs.
Joyce, and it was the same, Mr. Fielder said, in
Japan, Korea, South America, and every other
place in which they had engaged in work.
'*He believed in giving the word of encourage-
ment, the tribute of flowers from the heart, to the
living, and not wait until they were dead, and he
sincerely hoped that when Bishop Joyce left the
Church militant to join the Church triumphant,
he might leave from Minneapolis.
His Episcopal Residences. 103
^^Dr. Forbes added his quota of praise for
Bishop Joyce and his wife, and told a number
of witty anecdotes.
^^Though not on the program, there was so
insistent a call for Dr. Montgomery that he spoke
a few words of welcome and appreciation of Bishop
Joyce's kindly nature.
"Had there ever been even the slightest doubt
in Bishop Joyce's mind as to the sincerity of the
welcome, it must have vanished as he arose to
**Almost instantly every man and woman in
the audience were on their feet, wildly applauding
and waving handkerchiefs. It was several minutes
before the bishop was able to speak.
"He dwelt principally upon his work in South
America. It was his honest conviction, he said,
that the United States had only the good-will of
those people, and more so now that we had shown
such interest in the Panama Canal, of which the
bishop was in hearty favor. It was surprising, he
said, to note the strong desire everywhere among
them to learn to speak English.
"Bishop Joyce and Mrs. Joyce expect to re-
turn to South America in December, and will re-
main until the following May, when they will go
to Los Angeles to attend the General Conference.
"At the close of the program. Bishop and Mrs.
Joyce, Governor Van Sant, Senator Clapp, Mr.
Lind, and Mr. Haynes received the guests, of whom
there were nearly a thousand."
As AN Administbatob.
BISHOP JOYCE was not a man of the ju-
dicial but of the ardent temperament.
Nevertheless, in the highly important ad-
ministrative work involved in the functions of a
bishop he proved himself a wise superintendent.
The fervor of his nature was balanced by a sturdy
common sense, which extraordinarily intimate con-
tact with men re-enforced. So that as a judge of
hiunan nature he had a penetration rare to a man
of his temperament. Added to this was an extreme
conscientiousness — ^a positive passion to do the best
possible for the men and Churches committed to
his charge. These two qualities, combined with a
thorough knowledge of the practical workings of
Methodist economy, made him one of the most ef-
ficient administrators of recent years among Meth-
odist bishops. Some of our general superintend-
ents have been men so long out of the ranks of
the pastorate and presiding eldership, or so short
a time in it at all, as that they were not conversant
with the practical problems of the itinerant system,
As an Administrator. 105
but dealt with them from a doctrinaire viewpoint,
to the hurt of the cause. The fact that Bishop
Joyce had been for thirty years in the active ranks
of the ministry was greatly in his favor in the ad-
ministrative work of the Episcopacy.
Bishop Joyce might appropriately be styled
"The Pastor's Bishop/' His sympathies were
strongly with the ministers. He invited their con-
fidence. He was in the habit of asking them, from
the least to the greatest, to come and lay their
matters before him. While he could not always
do for them what they desired, yet he treated them
as brothers. At the Conference at The Dalles,
Oregon, in 1895, for instance, he said : "Brethren,
I have never yet felt that I was a bishop. I feel
like one of the brethren. I am here to help you."
At another Conference he said : "When I was made
a bishop I made a vow that I would be a brother
to every Methodist preacher around the world."
And the Methodist preachers everywhere declare
that he was.
When it occurred, as it must in the very nature
of the case, that men had to be sent to hard fields
and to disappointments, criticism was largely dis-
armed by the evident grief it caused him.
Presiding elders who have sat in his cabinets
testify to his solicitude for the preachers and the
preachers' wives. The hearts in the parsonage,
106 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
and especially in the little parsonage, were the con-
stant objects of his thought and care. Yet he
was accustomed to appeal to their loyalty and hero-
ism by saying: "The preacher who gets a poor
appointment must remember that Jesus had not
where to lay His head/'
Bishop Joyce himself had been a pastor for
thirty years, the earlier part of that time in the
very humblest circuits. If, as Gkorge Matheson
says, "All sympathy is memory," he had a very
discernible basis for his sympathy with poor
preachers. He knew their sorrows and burdens,
the injustices under which they often suffered, the
trivial faults and blunders which would so often
result in the request for their removal from a
charge. Hence he was ever ready to hear the
preacher's side of the case. Especially was the
bishop ready to champion his cause if he found
that the preacher was being removed to gratify
one or two worldly officials in the Church. Even
though the aforesaid officials had been able to se-
cure an adverse vote in the last Quarterly Confer-
ence of the year, that gauntlet which every Meth-
odist preacher has to run each year, the preacher
would go back.
Nor did the Churches themselves suffer under
this course. We have watched the results in many
Conferences, and have heard very little adverse
As an Administrator. 107
criticism. Bishop Joyce went on the theory that
it was good for the Churches themselves to treat
their preachers with consideration and respect.
And the results justified his course.
Committees of laymen were always received
with kindness and given a fair hearing. Yet a
course was pursued which was calculated to make
Churches careful about whom they appointed to
represent their interests. He was accustomed to
ask Church committees two or three questions which
sometimes proved embarrassing. Such as : "Do you
attend regularly the services of the Chiu'ch, includ-
ing prayer-meeting? Do you have family prayers?
Do you stand by the preacher in his revival work?
Do you take the Church paper?'' If the com-
mittee could not answer these questions with some
degree of satisfaction, the bishop would decline
to hear them, telling them kindly but firmly that
they were not proper persons to be intrusted with
the selection of a pastor. This did not mean that
the Church would go unrepresented, for the presid-
ing elders rarely failed to do the most ample jus-
tice to the Church's desires. Often, of course, com-
mittees could answer his questions in the affirm-
ative, in which case the bishop heard them fully.
He frequently had prayer with these lay com-
mittees before separating. At a Conference in the
Central West a committee representing a strong
108 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
Church called on the bishop to make certain repre-
sentations concerning a new pastor. At their head
was a prominent physician. A conversation sub-
stantially as follows ensued after the committee
had been introduced, the bishop asking: ^^You are
Dr. Blank?" "Yes, sir." "Does this newspaper
paragraph refer to you?" At the same time hand-
ing the physician a clipping which told how the
doctor had won a progressive euchre prize a few
nights before. The physician's face flushed, and
he acknowledged that he was the man referred to ;
also that he did not have time to attend either the
prayer-meeting or revival services. The bishop
courteously but decidedly declined to hear the
doctor as to a new minister. As a matter of fact
the Church got the minister they were after, but
it was not through the committee, but through the
regular authority, the presiding elder. A pleas-
ing aftermath of this incident is that the physician
has never since been known to touch a card.
At a Conference in the Far West a Church was
asking for the removal of its pastor. Inasmuch
as the preacher's revival and benevolence report
was exceptionally fine the bishop inquired espe-
cially as to the action of the Church. He learned
that the fourth Quarterly Conference had taken
action against the preacher because of the influ-
ence of the most wealthy layman in the Churchy
As an Administrator. 109
who had been offended by some public utterance
of the preacher on civic matters. Bishop Joyce
sent for the layman, and a conversation substan-
tially as follows occurred:
"You desire a change of ptustors?''
"Is not your present pastor a man of good
"O yes, Bishop, he is an excellent man."
"Doesn't he preach well?"
"Yes, there is no complaint about his preach-
**He hfius had a good revival this year, hasn't
"Yes, he has taken in quite a number of
"How about his benevolent collections? aren't
they well up?"
"Yes, I understand they are. But you see,
Bishop, he has offended some of our people by
indiscreet utterances. And the Official Board
thinks, for the sake of harmony and the good of
the Church, we ought to have a change."
"Do you know anything about the club-house
in the suburbs of your city?"
The layman stirred uneasily.
**Why, yes, there is such a club-house."
"There is a great deal of gambling there, is
"Well, there is some card-playing there, with
perhaps an occasional bet."
110 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce,
"You own some stock In the club-house, don't
"I own some little stock along with business
men generally in that city."
"Do you not own the majority of the stock?"
**I said I own some of the stock."
"Won't you please be explicit, and tell me
whether you do or do not own four-sevenths of the
stock in this club-house?"
The layman acknowledged that he did.
Bishop Joyce went on: "My brother, do you
think that a man who owns the majority of the
stock in an institution that carries on gambling as
a part of its equipment is the proper person to
dictate the appointment and removal of pastors
in the Church of God? Your minister is going
back. And I advise you to either change your
mode of life, or in all honesty withdraw from the
Church which your course is dishonoring."
Of course the wealthy layman went away
angry. But no sober-minded man will doubt that
a like course of procedure on the part of the
appointing powers would save some ministers from
crucifixion at the hands of godless lay officials,
would give other ministers courage to deal with
cases of outbreaking evil, and would by these
means furnish the whole Church a moral tonic
and the world a token of sincerity on the part of
the Church which are very much needed.
Bishop Joyce himself told this incident:
As an Administrator. Ill
^^Once there came into my room at a certain
Conference, for private interview, four very in-
fluential looking Church officials, desiring a change
of pastor, because, somehow, they hardly knew
why, their present pastor, there but one year, had
failed to have success. To each of my questions
as to his scholarship, preaching, ability, piety,
pastoral iSdelity, social qualities, and personal ap-
pearance, they said, *He is number one,' *Well,'
said I, 'brethren, there is another side; let us in-
quire into it.' And upon interrogation I found
that not one of them ever read a Church paper
or had family worship or attended class or
prayer meetings, or Sunday-school, and but seldom
even the regular Sunday services. And yet
scarcely ever missed any club or lodge or social
function. *Well, well,' said I, 'brethren, having
heard your confession, I must say I am not sur-
prised that he has had no success; for with such
a strong four-horse team pulling back hard with
the world, I could not succeed; neither could a
Wesley or a Paul; and even Christ Himself, as
your pastor, would in a measure fail to hold con-
verts and draw sinners. Let us all get down here,
alone with God, and pray over this matter.' And
the Lord seemed to mightily help me as I held
that persecuted pastor and these unfaithful offi-
cials before the throne. Soon they sobbed and
cried to God for mercy. And, as we rose, bathed
in tears, they said, *Dear Bishop, we will take back
all we said about a change of pastor, and will
earnestly seek for ourselves and others a change
of heart, and do all we can during the coming year
112 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
to hold up, encourage, and help our pastor to suc-
ceed.' Well, blessed be the Lord, soon a wonder-
ful revival came down on that charge, and as a
natural consequence a unanimous, most earnest pe-
tition went up to the next Conference for the re-
turn of their much-beloved pastor. Thousands of
charges are in the same condition. Let none but
the sinless hereafter cast stones at pastors. And
go, all ye unfaithful, and seek first a change of
heart, and peustoral success and all other blessings
shall be yours."
That Bishop Joyce made some mistakes is only
saying that he was human. Every earnest man
makes some mistakes. But he did not make the
most fatal of mistakes — ^that of being dilettante
and half-hearted. He administered for the glory
of Gk)d, as he understood it. Believing profoundly
in the need of spiritual men and in the danger of
worldly men dictating policies, either in pulpit or
pew, he administered with all his might to secure
the leadership of good men everywhere. Abso-
lutely sincere himself, it is not to be wondered
at that he was sometimes deceived by men who
affected a spirituality they did not possess, and
thereby sometimes blundered. These mistakes he
was always ready to acknowledge when he came
to see them, and so far as possible to rectify.
Bishop Joyce was a conservative in theology.
He shared the limitations of those who have not
A8 an Admmistratar. 113
had the benefit of the wider educational outlook.
This occasionally prevented his doing full justice
to a man of opposite views.
But such mistakes were rare. The natural
catholicity of the man, his breadth of sympathy,
his strong common sense, and his constant looking
to God for guidance, together combined to give
a wisdom and fairness to his administration which,
all things considered, was extraordinary. We had
Bishop Joyce in our home during a Conference
session in Michigan. There was not a night that
he was not working at the administrative problems
of that Conference until after midnight. He took
exquisite pains to get all the facts and to give
the fullest consideration to all the interests in-
volved. Our wonder at the time was that he did
not break down under the strain.
Dr. William McK. Darwood, of the New York
**As an administrator he was conscientious to
a degree that caused him acutest pain. In the city
of Newburg at his request I sat up with him all
the last night of the Conference, during which
time he was in such agony of soul that twice he
cried out as the tears ran down his face: *I would
gladly die to-night if I could adjust these ap-
pointments so as to satisfy the preachers and the
Churches they represent.' His heart was as tender
as that of a woman, and every preacher's troubles
114 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
were carefully considered. While those that did
not know him took his devotion to duty for stub-
bornness, those who knew him best knew that it
was loyalty to God and His Church. His defense
for all he did was the Lord Jesus Christ and the
Those deeply err who think that it was only
men of emotional temperament or conservatives in
theology that the bishop drew to him. He won
men of the most advanced theology and of the
most unimpassioned temper. The following letter
written in 1904, from one of the most intellectual
preachers and advanced thinkers in the Methodism
of the Central West is simply a sample of many:
"My Dear Bishop Joyce:
"At no time during the past fifteen years have
I so enjoyed a Conference presidency as I did
yours last fall. It weus a benediction to me and
to others. The spirit of it throughout was such
as to bind you close to me. I feel eus if I knew
you now. I am sorry that I have not written this
earlier, for I have felt it in my heart and said it
to my friends a score of times. God bless you!
If ever you can make it to spend a day or more
with us here, or wherever else I may be, kindly
do so. It will be much to me, I know."
The gifted writer of this letter stood then and
still stands in the leading pulpit of his Confer-
ence, and without having received in any way
As an Administrator. 115
favors from Bishop Joyce. The letter quoted was
simply the result of the strong spiritual impres-
sion made by Bishop Joyce's utterances and ad-
ministration upon him.
The California Christian Advocate said edi-
torially concerning his presidency at the Southern
California Conference in 1902:
**In matters of administration he carries with
him, not only the approval of all but the admiration
of all. His path of duty was sometimes steep
and not always clear, but with unwavering patience
he worked over his problems and reached conclu-
sions into which were woven the threads of his
personal thinking, and upon which were stamped
the marks of his prayerful sympathy. There were
some hard things, as there nearly always are, to
be done, but it is simple justice to say that Bishop
Joyce, by his kindly spirit, accomplished his work
with the minimum of friction. In saying good-
bye to him, we voice the feeling of all the Confer-
ences in assuring him, not only that he has done
us great good, but that he bears with him our
highest esteem and our prayerful gratitude for
his devoted service to our common Methodism."
As A Fbeachee.
BISHOP JOYCE was first of all a preacher.
His presence was commanding. A mas-
sive head, on massive shoulders, with a
strong symmetrical form to match, arrested the
attention of an audience at once. VHiile he was
but five feet nine inches in height, he appeared
to be all of six feet. His face was open, forehead
high, eyes large and wide apart, and mouth ex-
pressive. The features were regular, and consti-
tuted a handsome countenance. *^He looks every
inch a bishop," was a remark frequently heard.
To this was added an easy, graceful delivery,
and a marvelously flexible, sympathetic voice.
Every shade of human feeling was within the easy
compass of his voice. It could be tender, soft,
melodious, like a mother singing a lullaby to her
child; or it could ring like a trumpet calling men
to battle, or thunder like a sea in storm.
Bishop Joyce possessed to an extraordinary de-
gree the quality we call personal magnetism. It
is a quality inseparable from, if it does not consist
As a Preacher. 117
in, warmth of heart and breadth of sympathy.
This warmth of heart glowed in his face, and
vibrated in his voice, and informed his unconscious
attitudes with extraordinary winsomeness. In this
he resembled George Whitefield. Doubtless it was
this, too, that made it impossible that his printed
words should convey anything like the impression
which they exerted when spoken.
"It was impossible to report him correctly,
for often one word, with a significant gesture or
peculiar inflection of voice, told more than a para-
graph. . . . He was never at his best until helped
to forget the staid requirements of stilted cere-
mony. How his Pegasus lagged until spurred by
some sympathetic *Amen!' Quickly the eye
flashed, and the soul leaped. When a whole Con-
ference of ^Amens' were shouting about him, it
was like the beating of the storm to the petrel.
He arose to loftier heights, and his soul was at
home. • . . He let go the restraint upon himself
and let loose the characteristic qualities of his
own nature. He was himself, and it was that
frank exposure of his own mind and heart that
put his hearers en rapport with him. When he
ever feared to do this in the presence of any com-
pany he had a *hard time' — and so had others.
His friends knew that if they wanted the best
they must clear away the frosts and give summer-
time to his soul, and then they might expect to
hear the singing birds he could unloose."*
•Dr. O. B. MltcheU In the Methodist Bevlew.
118 Life of Iseiac WUson Joyce.
As might be expected from the quaKties just
delineated, the dominant element was not argu-
mentative, nor didactic, but hortatory and experi-
mental. During his pastorates Dr. Joyce's preach-
ing covered a wider range of subjects than after
his election as bishop. In the Episcopacy he felt
called to emphasize evangelism because of its wide
neglect by the more prominent ministers of the
Church. Yet in the pastorate, whether he dis-
coursed on industrial, patriotic, or evangelical
themes, he made practical application of his
themes to existing conditions about him.
It is not known to general Methodism, as it
is to the Methodists of Indiana, that his style of
preaching changed very considerably after he
reached middle age, both as to subject matter
His earlier emphasis was the literary emphasis.
While he had revivals in his charges in Indiana
and always spoke with enthusiasm, yet his min-
istry was not especially evangelistic. As a pre-
siding elder he was more insistent on his preachers
getting and reading the best books, than he was
on anything else. And his preaching as we heard
him at Greencastle was characterized by its lit-
erary and sympathetic elements rather than by its
emphasis on religious experience.
It W€U8 not imtil Dr. Joyce had been in Cin-
As a Preacher. 119
cinnati a year or so, and had received the great
spiritual baptism elsewhere referred to, that his
preaching became so pronouncedly evangelistic in
subject matter, and characterized by such free-
dom — we may say abandon — and unction of de-
During all the later years of his life Bishop
Joyce's preaching was marked by the soul-passion
of the prophet. It was apparent to the most su-
perficial that he was intensely in earnest, that he
longed after the souls of his hearers as a father
yearns for his children. Frequently his speech
was with tears and choked utterance. Then a
luminous smile would shine through his tears and
irradiate his expressive face, until he seemed al-
There are men who have great power over
audiences without the emotional element which was
an indissoluble part of Bishop Joyce's force.
Henry Drununond always spoke quietly, and
S. D. Gordon does. And no one familiar with
their work doubts their power over men. But if
Bishop Joyce attempted to speak quietly and with
reserve, he was a David in Saul's armor. He had
to "swing out" and from the fullness of his heart
pour forth his deepest thoughts and emotions. So
in his later years he never tried to be anything
else than himself, and was a master of assemblies.
120 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
But that which gave peculiar power to Bishop
Joyce's utterance was the divine unction that so
generally attended it. As Dr. C. B. Mitchell
said, in the article above quoted, "a divine unction
glorified all his other natural and acquired gifts
of speech, and compelled even ungodly men to
testify that they had never been so moved by
preaching. It was this quality which overflowed
into the heart of his interpreter when addressing
vast multitudes of foreigners and heathen, and set
on fire hearts hitherto stolid and unmovable. The
unction of the sermon was felt, although no word
was understood. When speaking through a sym-
pathetic interpreter his soul flashed the lightning,
and quickly the thunder-clap was heard from the
lips of the interpreter. Soon all the audience was
electric, and the Spirit of Grod made quick en-
trance into the hearts thus strangely opened."
At the Conferences presided over by him it
was the rule that displays of unusual power ac-
companied his preaching. Unusual, that is, as
compared with the pulpit discourse of preachers
in general. Always some persons expressed a pur-
pose to live a new life, and the preachers and the
Church members were quickened. Frequently a
tide of conviction and feeling was aroused that
would result before midnight in the conversion of a
score or more souls. At Stroudsburg, Pennsyl-
As a Preacher. 121
vania, at the Philadelphia Conference; at Chicago,
at the Rock River Conference; at Huntington, at
the North Indiana Conference, there were upwards
of one hundred conversions on Conference Sun-
day. Doubtless there were other Conferences
where the work was equally great. But of these
Audiences were deeply affected under his
preaching, many persons weeping, some shouting
aloud, and others by glowing faces testifying the
gladness of their hearts.
The newspapers all over the country unite in
ascribing remarkable immediate results to his
preaching. Whether at camp-meetings or Con-
ferences or Church celebrations the testimony is
all to the effect that the audiences were deeply
moved. After making a due deduction for the
adulatory tone whicH the newspapers generally
adopt in commenting on the utterances of notables,
there remains a large and reliable residuum of
testimony to Bishop Joyce's power over popular
assemblies. More frequently than to any other
orator do they compare him to Bishop Simpson.
The California Christia/n Advocate says of his
addresses at the Southern California Conference
**The addresses and sermons of Bishop Joyce
have been received with the highest satisfaction.
122 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
The people have been moved to the depths of their
soul. He has the happy faculty of combining
his argmnent with a spirit of glowing evangel-
ism. Bishop Joyce's sermons take hold upon the
conscience. He is entirely unconventional. He
does not preach to please the fancy but to move
the heart. He is tactful. He defends the Scrip-
tures against the attacks of radical criticism by
exalting the Scriptures above criticism. His plea
for a supernatural gospel, in his address to the
class for admission, was a masterful answer to the
superficial rationalism of our day. He has cap-
tured all hearts.''
At the Ohio Conference of 1900, held at Galli-
polis, some persons who had heard Bishop Simp-
son forty years before on a like occasion were
present, and heard Bishop Joyce on Conference
Sunday, according to a report published in the
Western Christian Advocate. These declared that
Bishop Joyce's sermon "was not inferior to that
great effort in any respect. One of the elderly
brethren said it was the greatest sermon ever de-
livered before the Ohio Conference in his time.
Should the Ohio Conference be held in Galli-
polis forty years hence, no doubt reference will
be made to the wonderful sermon of Bishop
A San Francisco daily, commenting on the
sermon before the International Epworth League
As a Preacher. 123
Convention which Bishop Joyce preached in that
"For two hours Bishop Joyce kept eight thou-
sand people in their seats, quiet, intent on his
words. For two hours he moved his hearers at his
will. He chatted with them, he joked with them,
he impelled them, he moved them from laughter
to tears, and from tears to loud *Amens.' "
Bishop Berry, speaking of his colleague's
achievements as a preacher, says:
"The experience which stands out most promi-
nently in my memory w€us the remarkable Sunday
of the Rock River Conference, at Dixon, some
eleven or twelve years ago. The bishop was then
in the zenith of his power. The earlier part of
the session had been marked by singular spirit-
uality. The tide rose steadily day by day. When
Sunday came, expectation was on tiptoe.
"Bishop Joyce's fame as a preacher and an
evangelist brought to Dixon a multitude from the
region round about. At an early hour on Sunday
morning the church was packed with eager peo-
ple. I secured a seat in a remote part of the gal-
lery of the lecture-room, and was glad to get
that. The love-feast was a love-feast indeed.
The meeting caught fire with the first song. Then
song followed testimony and testimony song, while
waves of emotion swept through the church.
Bishop Joyce was. there, drinking in the tonic of
the meeting. Perhaps that would not be a good
124 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
preparation for preaching to some preachers, but
it set the bishop's brain and soul on fire, and made
the sermon which followed a possibility.
"There was only a little space between the
dose of the love-feast and the annoimcement of
the text. When the preacher stood up, he faced
an eager, praying throng, launch out into the
deep' was the text — a text upon which he so often
discoursed. I doubt whether in all his ministry
he ever preached with mightier effect. For a few
minutes he spoke moderately, as was his wont.
Then his wonls came quick and hot. Soon his
utterance was volcanic. Twice did he reach a cli-
max I have never heard him equal. In dramatic
vividness and emotional power they were tremen-
dous. Preachers and people were swayed as the
forest is swayed by the storm. We were melted
and aroused, and the shouts of joy did not seem
at all out of place. The power of the sermon was
best shown in the bishop's exhortation and invi-
tation. What an invitation to backsliders and un-
repentant sinners ! How it gripped the conscience
and forced decision! No one was surprised that
there were seekers that morning, or that the revival
swept with irresistible force through the remain-
ing services of the day and on up to midnight.
I found my way to the altar with many other
eager souls at night, and the impression of that
hour has never been effaced. Inspired by the
bishop's burning words, ministers went out into
the congregation to plead with the unsaved, and
Christian people, with tears streaming from their
eyes, brought their unconverted friends to Christ.
^As a Preacher. 125
There was joy among the angels that night. The
good news which went up from Dixon set the
heavenly bells a-ringing."
A convincing proof of his pulpit power is
the fact that many persons who had been preju-
diced against him were completely captured when
they heard him.
At one of the New England Conferences, a
lady of refinement was overheard saying on Satur-
day: **I shall never like Bishop Joyce. He is too
noisy — a typical Westerner." On Sunday the
bishop preached for an hour and a half, and had
the audiences completely in his power. The next
morning the same lady was heard to say to a
friend: "O, did you hear Bishop Joyce yesterday?
I never heard such a sermon before. I wish he
had never stopped."
At the opening of the Philadelphia Confer-
ence at Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1901, Bishop
Joyce made the opening prayer. It was a pe-
tition of great solemnity and tenderness. Immedi-
ately following was to have been the address of
welcome on behalf of the city by Judge S , a
prominent lawyer. When he was introduced he
said with deep feeling that he had come prepared
to give a formal address of welcome to the Con-
ference, but that the prayer of the bishop had
awakened memories and longings in his soul that
126 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
led him, instead of making the expected address,
to ask the prayers of the Conference for his own
soul. His remarks created a profound impression.
The Spirit of God was poured out upon the peo-
pie, and then and there a revival broke out which
resulted not only in the blessing of this prominent
lawyer, but which led to the conversion of over
one hundred people by the following Sunday
Perhaps the most remarkable fact of all was
that he should have had such power in preaching
through interpreters. In Korea and China he
spent two years. All his preaching to the natives
was done through interpreters. Yet himdreds
were converted under his preaching. We have
understood that nothing so much interested his
colleagues of the Bocurd of Bishops, in the report
which he made to them on his return, as this fact.
One of their number reports that body of devout
men as profoundly moved by Bishop Joyce's de-
scription of the conversions which thus took place.
As for Bishop Joyce himself in making the
report, the tears poured down his cheeks as he
cried: "O brethren! Let us give the Holy Ghost
a chance P' That is, trust the Holy Ghost to
effect immediate results in the conversion of souls.
When asked by an eminent Christian worker
As a Preacher. 127
what he considered the secret of his power over
audiences, he replied: ^^I have learned the secret
of absolute dependence on the Holy Spirit."
From all we know of the bishop's methods it
is fair to infer that he meant that he prepared to
preach as though there were no God, and then he
trusted God as if he had not prepared at all.
The greatest result of Bishop Joyce's preach-
ing was not seen at the Conferences where he
preached, but at the Conferences that followed.
The new faith and courage that his words in-
spired in the preachers was the most significant
and important result of his Conference preaching.
To send fifty or a hundred baffled and discour-
aged men back to their work with a new sense
of their mission and with a new grip on the re-
alities of Christianity is a tremendous achieve-
ment. Yet that is exactly the result of Bishop
Joyce's ministry at every Annual Conference he
held. He may not have been a great preacher
according to the coldly classical standards of aca-
demic critics. But if the preaching described in
the Book of Acts was great preaching, then Bishop
Joyce's preaching was great.
When some leaders of the Church speak at
our Conferences we preachers go away praising
the eloquence of the speaker, or otherwise. When
128 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
others speak we go away asking Gk)d to make us
truer men, and loving Jesus Christ with a new
passion of devotion. And Bishop Joyce always
had this effect upon preachers. They went away
saying, not "What an orator is Demosthenes!"
but "Lead us against Philip !"
Bishop Joyce and Foeeign Missions.
A METHODIST bishop has extraordinary
opportunities to become acquainted with
the missionary work of the Church. It is
doubtful if any other class of men comes into
contact with so many different nationalities, and
is able to judge from close observation of the
conditions existing in the various countries of the
earth. Our State Department at Washington
might do well to keep this fact in mind.
In 1892 Bishop Joyce presided over the five
Conferences in Europe. In 1894 he had epis-
copal supervision of our work in Mexico, involv-
ing a stay of some length there. In 1896 he had
charge of our Conferences in Japan, China, and
Korea. He spent two years in these countries.
He presided twice over each of the Conferences
and Missions in those three countries, returning to
the United States in 1898 by way of India and
Malaysia. In 1903, and again in 1904, he had
supervision of our work in South America, making
two episcopal tours through that continent.
130 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
On his return from the Orient he repeatedly
declared that if he were a young man he would
cast his lot as a Christian worker among China's
millions. The opportunity there presented for
great results strongly appealed to him.
This love of missions was strong in him when
he was a pastor. It became a passion with him
as his episcopal visits to the mission fields brought
to him a wider understanding of the needs and
opportunities of those fields.
When he was a pastor in Lafayette, Indiana,
his interest in missions won him the affectionate
admiration of the women of the Woman's Foreign
Missionary Society in Indiana. A visiting speaker,
Mrs. Jennie Fowler Willing, of Chicago, describes
in the Northwestern Christian Advocate a scene in
which his interest in missions showed itself, as
"The Indiana State Woman's Foreign Mis-
sionary Society was in session in his Church in
Lafayette. We held our anniversary on Sunday
evening. All the Methodist Churches in the city
closed their services to come and bid the women
Gk)d-speed in their work. Just before starting for
the Church that evening I said to Miss Sample,
the State corresponding secretary, 'Katie, we
ought to get a thousand dollars from that congre-
gation to-night. Dare we ask the Lord to make
them give it?'
" *Indeed we dare,' was the bright reply. *He
can do it easily enough.'
Bishop Joyce a/nd Foreign Missions. 131
"So hand in hand we went Into the Presence
and asked our Father for the thousand dollars.
When we met Dr. Joyce in his study I told him
what we had asked for.
" *I 'm as sorry as I can be,' he replied, ^but
you can't get any money to-night. The other
pastors said they 'd give up their services on con-
dition that no money was asked for.'
" *Never mind, Katie,' I whispered aside to
my friend, ^we asked for a thousand dollars. Let
us hold steady for it.'
"So strong was her faith, and so warm her
zeal for the work, that I think if we had prayed
as Edward Payson said he dared do — ^aslc;ing the
Lord for a couple of planets for his private ac-
commodation — she would have looked for them to
come sailing along.
"I spoke &st, and while Miss Sample was
talking, Dr. Joyce leaned over toward me behind
her and whispered, *We'll make an appeal for
help, Official Board or no Official Board; and
you 've got to do it.'
" *0, no, Doctor, I can't. I never did such a
thing in my life. I have neither the courage nor
the skill. And besides, if we offend your Official
Board we '11 lose heavily in the long run.'
"He m€ule no reply, but when Miss Sample had
finished her address he rose and said in substance,
*Mrs. WUling has a matter to present to which I
know you will gladly respond.'
**There I was. Retreat was impossible, so
with a sharp, quick telegram to the skies for help
I went at it, explaining the conditions of our
^sacrifice life memberships,' and asking the people
132 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
to take them. In a few minutes twenty were
pledged. That would bring us in four hundred
dollars, for they were a class of people who do not
easily forget their promises. By that time we
were quite as free from care about Official Boards,
inexperience, and awkwardness as we were about
where the remaining six hundred was to come from.
*'The next morning Dr. Joyce came into our
convention, and when opportunity was given he
said: ^I have a serious accusation to bring against
Mrs. Willing. She took some life memberships
last evening and stopped just when her work had
fairly begun. That 's no way to do with a con-
gregation in the condition that that one was in.'
" *Well, Doctor,' I replied, *I plead guilty, and
I move that you be requested to finish the work
in which I failed.'
"There was plenty of assenting applause, and
he began at once. Two or three times we went on
our knees to thank God for what He had done for
us, and at each time except the last as soon as we
were quiet from our crying for joy he said,
*That's all right. You can't be too thankful to
the Lord ; but I 'm not through yet.'
"At the end of an hour of such enthusiasm
as burned into the hearts of those Indiana women
the conviction that heathen women must be saved,
at no matter what cost to us, we found that we had
the thousand dollars pledged, with a good sum
thrown in for shrinkage, beside the support of sev-
"ITiat was a great deal of money for those
days, and we all went home from that mount of
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 133
blessing, feeling that it was a love gift from Him
who is the 'same yesterday, to-day, and forever.' "
In his episcopal supervision of the foreign
work Bishop Joyce showed the same painstaking
care and unflagging energy that had character-
ized him in the pastorate. Every detail of the
work, the theological schools, the Book Concerns,
the Church papers, the Epworth Leagues, the
Sunday-schools, all these as well as the stationing
of preachers and the reports from the Churches,
received the bishop's careful scrutiny. Imagine
him, for instance, having a few days to spare
before meeting the Norway Conference, taking a
trip up the coast for a hundred miles to visit
every town that had a Methodist Church !
In all his foreign Conferences, as well as in
those at home, he started the revival fire. His first
Missionary Conference was at Lausanne, Switzer-
land. At the close of his sermon before that Con-
ference Bishop Joyce did not give an invitation
to seekers. This was out of deference to the judg-
ment of colleagues in the Episcopal Board, who
had told him that he could not secure immediate
results in preaching through an interpreter. At
the close of his sermon, however, a Swiss stopped
him in the aisle and said, ^'Please tell me how to
be saved." Gladly Bishop Joyce and the pastor
tarried behind with the inquirer, and the man was
134 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
happily converted. This incident Bishop Joyce
took as Grod's rebuke to him for his lack of faith,
and thereafter he made his usual appeal for im-
At Frankfort-on-the-Main, in Germany, and
at Svendborg, Denmark, there were a number of
conversions. A score or piore were converted at
Christiania at the session of the Conference there.
At Frederickschald, Sweden, he held three serv-
ices, and many conversions resulted. At Groten-
bergy Sweden, fifty people came forward seeking
pardon at the night service, at the session of the
Sweden Conference. At Stockholm, where he or-
ganized and set off from the Norway Conference
the new Finland-St. Petersburg Mission, sixty-five
persons sought Christ on Conference Sunday.
And so he spread the flame through Italy and
The secretary of the Conference in Germany
wrote of the 1892 session at Frankfort:
"The proceedings were marked by a kind and
brotherly spirit that prevailed until the close of
the session. I am sure that the beloved president
of the Conference has done very much to keep all
brethren in a good temper, and it was by no means
an act of formality when the Conference in a
series of resolutions expressed its heartiest thanks
to Bishop Joyce for his wise and fatherly counsels,
his careful direction of the business of the Con-
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 135
ference, his heart-stirring addresses, his inspiring
sermon, and his blessed co-operation in the divine
services, and that it was its desire to see him again
as president of the Conference in not too distant
a future. The Bishop has won all hearts."
It was the same in the more northerly Confer-
ences of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. It is
recorded: ^*These were all scenes of revival power
under the earnest ministrations of the good bishop,
who will be held in loving remembrance throughout
And even in Bulgaria, the "burnt district" of
Christendom, where forty accessions in a year for
the entire mission field was the banner achieve-
ment up to the time of his visit, twelve persons
were converted under his preaching on Conference
Sunday, most of them being young men.
On visiting Bulgaria he had to stay in quaran-
tine for a short time. His description of meeting
the brethren in that strange land reminds us of St.
Paul's meeting the brethren from Rome at the
"To go from Stockholm to Bulgaria, by the
only route left open to us, and comparatively free
from quarantine necessitated a journey of one
thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven miles.
When we reached Vienna, we found that low
water and prospective quarantine forbade our
going to Sistov by steamer, on the Danube, so
136 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
we went on the ^Orient Express/ but when we
reached Rustchuk we found ourselves in quaran-
tine to stay twenty-four hours. But the time
passed, and at an early hour in the morning we
took steamer for a forty-mile ride up the Danube
to Sistov, which we reached in good season, and
opened the Conference on time.
"I think the presence and cheerful words of
friends were never more appreciated, or did us
more good, than did the coming to us of Rev.
George S. Davis, our superintendent in Bulgaria,
and Rev. T. Constantine, our pastor at Rust-
chuk, about the middle of the day of our stay in
quarantine. We had never met before, and ex-
cept in a very general way we were strangers to
each other. But we were Methodist preachers,
and there was a heart relation between us; and
as soon as they heard that we were in the quaran-
tine station they came to us at once — ^that is, they
came as near as they were allowed to approach,
which was within one hundred feet of the place
where we were staying — ^and there we stood that
distance apart and talked. Of course, we could
not shake hands, except in our hearts, and that
we did most heartily, I assure you. How their
words cheered us, helped us! They brought us
a good dinner — ^had to put it on the ground, one
hundred feet away — ^the guard brought it to us,
then in the shade of the building where we were
staying, on a little table which the guard had
furnished my wife spread out that dinner. A
physician from The Hague, Holland, who was also
brought into quarantine with us, we asked to share
our dinner with us. We three gathered about
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 137
the little table ; we bowed our heads, and with full
hearts thanked God for food, for friends, and for
the heart-ties of Methodist preachers. We found
this physician to be an earnest Christian, a well
educated and thorough gentleman; and his genial
and happy spirit helped us greatly in passing
through the twenty-four hours of quarantine. We
shall never forget him.'*
"A man earnestly seeking Christ traveled over
one hundred miles to hear Bishop Joyce preach at
the session of the Bulgaria Mission. He was hap-
pily converted, and in his gratitude sincerely pro-
posed that when the bishop reached his city he
would draw him through the streets with six of
the large buffaloes found there. The matter was
compromised by the bishop taking supper with
him, and at the table with the bishop was the
presiding elder and both the old and the new pas-
tor, and numerous other friends."
Bishop Joyce made the episcopal visitation to
Mexico, and presided at the Annual Conference
in January, 1895. Dr. John W. Butler writes
that the bishop gave them the motto, "A thou-
sand souls for Christ in 1895." "The workers in
this city caught the inspiration, and have done
the best work of their lives this year. Nine hun-
dred and eight accessions in ten months is a record
unheard of before in any one place in the Mis-
This impulse to soul-winning, which he com-
municated to the preachers everywhere he went.
138 Life of Iscuw WiUon Joyce.
was the most valuable feature of his valuable work.
In it he most resembled his Master, who said: "I
have sent you forth to reap . . . that he that
soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together."
During his two years of supervision in China
Bishop Joyce visited every part of the field, pene-
trating into the interior of China further than
any other bishop had ever done, and holding the
West China Mission Conference. To reach
Chentu, in West China, the furthest point reached
by him, he went by steamer from Shanghai one
thousand miles up the river, then five hundred miles
further by house boat, and the last three hundred
miles by chair, carried by coolies. Mrs. Joyce
accompanied him all the way except the last three
hundred miles. She staid with the missionaries
at Chungking, while he made the chair trip on
In China many missionaries said repeatedly
to Bishop Joyce that he could not expect immedi-
ate results in preaching such as could be secured
in preaching to audiences reared in Christian lands.
They said it required years of instruction before
the people could understand the plan of salvation.
But Bishop Joyce believed that immediate results
could be secured even in preaching to the raw
pagans, and his sermons usually were planned with
the view of securing the immediate conversion of
Bishop Joyce cmd Foreign Missions. 139
his hearers. The results abundantly justified his
view, for everywhere pagans were converted under
his preaching. This unprecedented fact pro-
foundly moved his colleagues of the Board of
Bishops, when reported to them on Bishop Joyce's
return. And it was this fact — ^the willingness
of the Divine Spirit to seal the preaching of the
Word to the immediate conversion of pagans, that
led Bishop Joyce, in concluding his report to his
colleagues, to cry out with streaming eyes, "O
brethren! let us give the Holy Ghost a chance!"
In the Christian Advocate the Rev. Don W.
Nichols wrote from Kiukiang, China, as follows:
**The recent session of our Conference was the
most blessed in the history of the Mission. The
visitation of Bishop Joyce has been a great bless-
ing to every member of the Mission. It was a re-
vival Conference in every sense of the word from
beginning to end. The power and influence of
the Holy Spirit were graciously manifested. The
Bible readings and addresses of the bishop were
a source of great profit to every one. Sunday was
a day never to be forgotten by those present. It
wajs a great day in the Israel of God in Central
China. The love-feast began at nine o'clock, con-
ducted by C. F. Kupf er ; sixty people gave ringing
testimonies to the power of Jesus to save. These
testimonies were from the old man of seventy-five
down to the little girl of ten years. The Bishop's
morning sermon through an interpreter was one
140 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
full of blessing and comfort to all. A wave of
salvation moved every heart; some were moved to
tears of joy, while others shouted, ^HallelujahP
Fully a dozen persons presented themselves at the
altar to seek their souls' salvation. At 2.S0 an
Epworth League rally was held, the bishop and
members of the Mission delivering addresses; at
4.80 the bishop preached to the foreign com-
munity a sermon that made a profound impres-
sion on the minds of all present. At 7.30 the
writer preached and conducted a revival service.
Some thirty persons came to the altar — the mourn-
ers'-bench — ^to seek salvation. The Holy Ghost
came upon every believing heart. The voice of
prayer could be heard all over the house, three
and four praying at the same time, while souls
were being converted and praising God. On Mon-
day night the writer conducted another revival
service. Again the altar was crowded with seek-
ers; men, women, and children were converted, and
more than thirty united with the Church. The
battle cry is, *A thousand souls for Christ in Cen-
tral China during this Conference year.' The
visitation of Bishop Joyce has given the greatest
satisfaction, and we rejoice that he is to be with
us again next year. We are sure that the results
will prove the wisdom of the plan of having the
bishop remain two consecutive years in charge of
the same field."
The Rev. J. J. Banbury wrote from Kiilkiang,
"Bishop Joyce's presence among us was truly
a benediction. Our meeting was marked by an
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 141
old-fashioned revival spirit, and some twenty of
the natives have professed conversion. At the reg-
ular prayer-meeting last evening about forty per-
sons testified to the power of Christ to save and
sanctify. It was a glorious and blessed sight. We
believe that the time for the outpouring of the
Holy Spirit in much power has arrived, and are
expecting to embrace the opportunity and bring
many to Christ."
A presiding elder wrote concerning the Hing-
*'Bishop Joyce made every session a season of
spiritual blessing and profitable instruction, as well
as of inspiration. The Sabbath will indeed live in
history. The power of Grod came down upon
preacher and people."
The bishop himself said:
"Sunday, November 22d, at Foochow, and Sun-
day, November ^9th, at Hinghua, were two of
the most wonderful Sundays I have ever had in
all my life. I have seen some gracious and marvel-
ous results on Conference Sundays, but these two
Sundays went beyond anything I have ever seen
anywhere. The blessed, old-fashioned Gospel,
under the blessing of the Holy Spirit, does pro-
duce old-fashioned revivals, old-fashioned conver-
sions, and old-fashioned victories."
In a letter to Dr. R. J. Cooke, an intimate
friend. Bishop Joyce writes:
"It is a sight never to be forgotten and one
that fills the soul with joy to see heathen men
142 Life of Isaac WUsan Joyce.
and women come forward and kneel down to be
prayed for, and give themselves to Christ as the
Savior of their souls; and then to see how the
native Christians get down by them and instruct
them, and tell them how to believe, that they may
receive the pardon of their sins and the witness
of the Holy Spirit. It is a great joy to know —
to see the demonstration of it before your own
eyes — ^that the dear old Gk)spel preached in the
old-fashioned way will be attended by the Holy
Spirit's blessed influence all aroimd, and all over
this world. . . . Paul was right. *It is the power
of Grod unto salvation' in all parts of the world
and among all people."
While on board a vessel in Foochow Harbor
Bishop Joyce fell through a hatchway and was
severely injured. For some days he was doubtful
as to whether he would recover. To his wife he
said: "Nothing would suit me better than to die
here and be buried by the side of Bishop Wiley."
Bishop Wiley, one of his dearest friends, died at
Foochow in 1884, and was buried in the English
cemetery in Foochow. But Bishop Joyce was not
to finish his life work, in Asia, but in his own land.
It is interesting to note that among the many
resolutions of thanks and appreciation passed by
the Conferences everywhere over which he pre-
sided, Bishop Joyce seems to have cherished with
peculiar tenderness the many tributes from the
Conferences in foreign lands.
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 143
After their return from China Bishop and Mrs.
Joyce had in their home several years two Chinese
girls who have prepared themselves for work
among their own people under their watchful and
loving care. It is not many people who are so
profoundly interested in the extension of the Re-
deemer's kingdom as that they will allow the in-
vasion of their home for years together by stran-
gers to further that end. Yet this Bishop and
Mrs. Joyce did. It speaks volumes not only for
his own, but his companion's devotion to the cause
Mrs. Annie E. Smiley wrote in the Zion*s
Herald of a little incident at the International
Epworth League Convention at Detroit in 1903,
"In reading Bishop Berry's tribute to Bishop
Joyce in a recent number of the Epworth Herald,
it recalled an utterance of Bishop Joyce at a
missionary rally at the Detroit Epworth League
Convention two years ago.
**A young man who was going out as a foreign
missionary had been introduced to the convention,
and had made a few remarks. Following him came
his father, a Methodist preacher, who said a few
brave words in a voice which trembled. Every
heart was moved, and when Bishop Joyce, who
was presiding at the meeting, arose there was per-
fect silence in the crowded room. ^I want to say,'
Bishop Joyce began, *that if I was as youpg as
144 Life of Isaac WUton Joyce.
our brother here, and if I was of the same mind
that I am this morning, not three days would pass
before I oflFered myself to go as a foreign mis-
sionary.' Then, after a pause, he said with great
feeling: 'When the waking angel knocks at the
door of my dusty bedchamber, what does it matter
whether I am lying in this country, or beside
Bishop Wiley in China?'
"A quick rush of tears blotted out the in-
spired face of our beloved Bishop from my eyes,
but I shall always remember him as he stood and
uttered these words which expressed his heart-
yearning for the salvation of the whole wide
In his first visit to South America, for which
he sailed late in 190£, Bishop Joyce began his
work on the west coast. He visited our work in
Chile, preaching and visiting the most important
centers of our mission work, and holding the Andes
Conference. From Santiago, Chile, he proceeded
by train and stage over the Andes Mountains to
Mendoza, and to Buenos Ayres in Argentina. De-
scribing this trip Bishop Joyce wrote :
"We left Santiago by train late in the after-
noon, and at ten o'clock that night we reached
Los Andes, a town a little way up the mountain.
We stayed there that night, leaving next morning
early, on a narrow gauge road, for a run of eight-
een miles to Saltos, which is as far up the mountain
as the road is yet finished on the Chilean side.
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 146
"Here the company furnishes coaches for the
passengers, or horses and mules for those who pre-
fer that sort of transportation over the mountains.
All the heavy baggage is strapped to the backs
of mules. Sixty-six people were to be taken across
the range, and only ten of the entire number pre-
ferred the horseback transportation, all the rest
chose the coaches, myself and wife among the num-
ber. The smaller coaches carry four persons each,
the larger ones six each. There are four horses to
each coach, hitched abreast. Such driving as those
Chilean fellows do, we have not found anywhere
else in the world. Hooting, yelling, slashing,
whipping, away they go. A hard place in the
road is reached — ^the horses get up a strike, balk,
won't go — ^men get out, drivers slash and yell,
men lift and push at the wheels. Suddenly the
horses dash away on the double quick, and we get
back into the coach at pretty much the same rate
*'From Saltos, on the Chilean side of the moun-
tain, to Los Cuevas on the Argentine side, the
distance is forty miles;. This is the gap between
the two points of the railroad — and which we hope
will be filled up by the completed road when we
come this way again a year from this time. We
left Saltos at 8.30 in the morning, and reached
Juncal at 11.30, where we got breakfast. After
this, with fresh horses and a new driver we began
the more decided ascent of the mountain, and under
the pressing methods of the drivers, and taking
advantage of every little bit of level road, we
climbed toward the summit of the great range.
The road is like a huge stairway, only we do not
146 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
climb by stepping from one step to the other — ^we
travel the steps lengthwise, at each end there is a
curve around which the horses are driven — many
times if there is a half a chance, the driver makes
the curve on a good sweeping gallop. Every
curve lifts us a little higher up the mountain.
Every little while we change horses. Late in the
afternoon we reach the great summit, and find
we arc at an elevation of twelve thousand seven
hundred feet. The baggage train crosses at a
point not far from thirteen thoiisand five hundred
feet. On the summit we rest awhile, and feast our
eyes and hearts on the indescribable beauty, maj-
esty, and glory of this never to be forgotten scene,
with the words upon our lips and the feeling in
" ' Great and marvelous are the works of the infinite
and eternal God I'
"We begin the descent on the Argentine side
of the great mountain. We have the sensations
of unusual exultation — ^the horse and drivers seem
to share the great joy with us, and away we go
down old Andes' winding way, and in a few min-
utes we have dropped three thousand feet down
the great mountain side. On we go until, near
six o'clock in the evening, we reach Los Cuevas,
the mountain town to which on the Argentine side
the new railroad is finished. Between 8.30 in the
morning and six in the evening we have traveled
forty miles in these mountain coaches.
"We are glad to see the railway train, we are
soon aboard and on our way of a few miles run
to Puerto del Inca, where we spend the night in
Bishop Joyce cmd Foreign Missions. 147
a comfortable hotel. Next Monday at seven we
leave for Mendoza. Soon after leaving Inca'we
have the wonderful good fortune to get a good
view of the highest peak in the Andes range, known
as the Aconcaqua. When Humboldt visited South
America he supposed he had settled it that Chim-
borazo was the highest point in the Andes range,
but it is now known that in height Aconcaqua sur-
"We reach Mendoza at two o'clock in the after-
noon, and friends meet us at the depot. We re-
main in this city a few days to inspect the work of
the Church and to preach for the English and
Spanish congregations. This is the great grape
region of all this country, and the fruit is almost
as delicious in taste as the grapes that grow on
the slopes of Vesuvius.
**The Methodist Conference met in the city
of Rosario, and Sunday night a great audience
was present. During the services we learned that
people of nine nationalities were present; but
counting England and the United States as one,
so far as language was concerned, we had eight
languages in the congregation. At the close of
the services I had the people sing the doxology,
every man in his native language, and it was sung
in English, Spanish, French, German, Italian,
Dutch, Welsh, and Flemish.
"Dr. J. F. Thompson preached on ^Giving the
heart to God.' At the close of his sermon, an in-
vitation was given for those to come forward who
would now give their hearts to God. In a few
minutes thirty-four persons were kneeling at the
chancel rail. Several of them were converted, and
148 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
gave testimony to that fact. Among the number
was a son of the pastor. The entire audience was
wonderfully moved. Not more than half the peo-
ple who wanted to hear the sermon and enjoy the
services were able to get into the building. In
the memory of all who were present the scene will
"The Sunday before the meeting of the An-
nual Conference I preached twice, and delivered
two addresses in Buenos Ayres. Dr. A. W. Green-
man, the presiding elder of the Buenos Ayres Dis-
trict, was my interpreter at three of these serv-
ices — two in Spanish and one in Italian. He did
his work well, and when the last service for the day
closed he was about as weary as I was. But we
both felt the day had been a good one for Christ's
cause, and we specially felt that the fourth service
was a helpful one. The official members of the
Church and many others came forward, and prayed
for the enriching of their spiritual life, and for
such a spiritual equipment as they needed for the
right sort of work during the Conference year
upon which they were soon to enter. This service
was in the Second Spanish Church, one of the
strongest Spanish Churches we have in the city.
"We spent March 26th, *27th, and part of
28th in the city of Montevideo, looking into the
work of our schools and Churches, preaching for
our English and Spanish congregations, and lay-
ing the corner-stone of our new church.
"The laying of the corner-stone was an occa-
sion of much importance to our cause in this cap-
ital city of Uruguay. Careful preparation had
been made for the services by Dr. Craver, the pre-
Bishop Joyce and Foreign Missions. 149
siding elder; the pastor, Rev. George P. Howard,
and the lay members of the committee. Invitations
had been sent to the president of the republic, the
members of the cabinet, members of the supreme
court, members of the city government, business
and professional men, and many others, including
every class of citizens.
**In the evening I preached to our Spanish con-
gregation. The church was crowded. Dr. S. P.
Craver was my interpreter. The Holy Spirit was
manifestly present. At the close of the sermon
the official members of both the English and the
Spanish Churches came forward seeking the en-
riching of their spiritual experience and life, and
such equipment for their work for the year they
were then entering upon, as only the Holy Spirit
could give. After this the invitation was given
to those who wanted to seek the Lord in the par-
don of their sins, and receive the witness of the
Holy Spirit to that great fact, and more than
thirty persons accepted the invitation."
Of his homeward journey he wrote as fol-
"At Rio de Janeiro, the capital of the republic
of Brazil, where yre had to change steamers, we
were met, on the arrival of our steamer, by Brothers
Tucker, Kennedy, and Parker of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South, and taken to the de-
lightful home of Brother Tucker. To him and his
good wife, and to Brothers Kennedy and Parker,
we are indebted for charming Christian hospitality
during the day we were in that great dty of six
160 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
hundred thousand people. It gave us joy to meet
these brethren, and we rejoiced over the success
God is steadily giving them in the city and in the
republic, and the growing victories the Lord of the
harvest is enabling them to win."
Early in 1904 Bishop Joyce made his second
visitation to the South American Conferences.
This time he began on the Atlantic seaboard, and
worked his way through the continent to Chile.
After completing his work in the Andes region
he sailed for California, reaching Los Angeles in
time for the General Conference, which met there
His Missionakt Toubs Thkough Asia.
ISHOP JOYCE made the following re-
port to the Board of Bishops of his mis-
sionary administration in Asia:
"I regard it as one of the great opportunities
of my life that came to me in my appointment to
visit our missions in Eastern Asia, and to remain
in these fields two years, or until I had made two
tours through the three countries and presided
twice at all the Conferences and annual meetings
of the missions.
"I left the United States in the month of June,
1896, and reached Yokohama the 6th of July.
I was met at my steamer by missionaries, native
preachers, and others, and their hearty greeting
gave a sense of home feeling at once, which grew
in increasing delights as the days came and went.
Between landing and the meeting of the Confer-
ences the days were spent in visiting our work in
and about Yokohama, meeting friends, delivering
addresses, preaching in the chiu'ches, and in vari-
ous other ways becoming acquainted with the field
and our work.
"Japan is a beautiful country, and has many
attractions wholly peculiar to itself. Beginning
152 Life of Isaac WtUon Joyce.
in the extreme south with the Loochoo Islands and
going to the extreme north to the Hokaido, the
distance is three thousand miles. The average
width of the country is perhaps less than two hun-
dred miles. There are crowded into this small
space forty-three millions of people.
"I am glad to say that I have been in every
place in the Empire of Japan where we have a
missionary stationed, and in each place have
preached and conducted other services. I have
also been in several places where we have no mis-
sionary stationed, but where we have native preach-
ers or teachers. The sessions of the Conferences,
both in 1896 and 1897, were interesting occasions,
showing not only the thorough work that had been
done by our missionaries in the past, but also the
conscientious work that our present force is seek-
ing to continue in every part of the field. The
work of the sessions also showed the intelligent
devotion and consecration of our native preachers
and helpers, and their love for the Church that
had brought them so many advantages, had en-
riched them with so many blessings and was prov-
ing to be so helpful to them in their individual
as weU as in their home lives and in the general
good of their country. The testimonies given in
the Conference love-feasts were revelations of rich
experiences quite in keeping with the testimonies
we hear at home on such occasions. In the debates
during the sessions the native preachers showed an
intelligent comprehension of all subjects relating
to the Church, her breadth of purpose and her
Missionary Tours Through Asia, 153
determination to do her \itmost not only in bring-
ing Japan but all the world to a true knowledge
of Grod and of His revelation to men. Such cities
as Sappora, Hakodate, Hirosaki, Sendai, Yoko-
hama, Tokyo, Nagoya, Kioto, Kobe, Nagasaki,
Kumamoto, and Kagoshima, as well as almost in-
numerable towns and villages, show the inviting
wealth and greatness of opportunity to the Church,
not only to continue her work, but to increase her
diligence and her giving both of means and work-
ers to the ultimate winning of these wonderful
Japanese peoples to a loyal belief in God and in
His Son Jesus Christ and in the Holy Ghost.
"If the Church knew this field as well and
thoroughly a$ the missionaries know it and those
who have visited it, it would be anxious to send
forward all needed supplies in means and workers
and meet every spiritual demand of the country.
"We go from Japan to Korea. In doing so
we go by steamer from Yokohama to Nagasaki,
a distance of eight hundred miles. At Nagasaki
we transfer to a smaller steamer for Chemulpo.
On our way we touch at Fusan in Korea, where
the ships touch in going to and returning from
Vladivostok. From Fusan we go around the point
of the island and land at Chemulpo. We tarry
for a day and night in Chemulpo inspecting our
work, which is in charge of C. H. Jones. Hotel
accommodations in the town are very good and
comfortable, and we enjoy our stay and are pleased
164 Life of Isa/w Wilson Joyce.
with the growth, aggressiveness, thoroughness, and
outlook of our work.
"From Chemulpo we go up the Han River
sixty-two miles in a little steamer, and then are
carried across the country in a chair to Seoul, the
capital of Korea. In Seoul we have the Paichai
college, also a printing-press, bookstore, hospital,
and evangelistic work. The Woman's Foreign
Missionary Society has a school, hospital, dispen-
sary, and evangelistic work.
"Korea is a little over seven hundred miles in
length and a little less than two hundred and fifty
miles average in width, and in thi^ small area are
crowded twelve millions of people. The country
has never been overrun by the Buddhist priesthood
and its teachings to the degree and extent that
Japan and China have been. What may be called
the *lower classes' are to a degree believers in
Buddhism. What are called the ^educated classes'
are influenced by the teachings of Confucius. The
people, however, are easy to reach, and they are
ever ready to listen to the preaching of the Grospel.
Within the last four years there has been a won-
derful turning of the people in all parts of the
country to the teachings of the New Testament
and the ministrations of the missionaries In chapels,
villages, and everywhere else that the missionary
stops to give a message to the multitude. Ap-
parently all Korea is ready to give such attention
to the Gospel of Jesus Christ as would indicate
the readiness of that country to believe in the
doctrines and teachings of the Christian religion.
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 155
If all the missions now at work in that country
could be re-enforced to the extent of the needs
now manifest in the field with means and workers,
it is the conviction of those best informed that in
a period of ten or fifteen years the whole country
would be practically Christian. A visit to Korea
and its peoples is surely a great event in one's
life, I am glad I was favored with the privilege
of twice visiting the country. I am glad also
that on one of my visits I had the honor of an in-
terview with the king, and, in response to some
kind things he said of our missionaries, of Amer-
icans, and of the United States, I had the oppor-
tunity to thank him for the kindly services he and
other Koreans in ofiicial positions had rendered our
school and other forms of our work.
**The annual sessions of the mission were not
the only occasions of interest, but to me were to
an unusual degree fuU of interest and profit. I
not only preached to our native converts, which
of course had to be done through an interpreter,
but I preached to the English-speaking people on
several Sunday afternoons in our college chapel.
One afternoon I had an audience of forty people
who could speak English. In that congregation
of only forty persons there were nine nationalities.
This shows the attention that little Korea is at-
tracting among the nations of the world, for the
representatives of these nine nationalities were not
tourists, but were residents of the city and repre-
sented in some capacity the interests of their na-
tions. We are building a church not far from the
king's palace, a commodious, well appointed, brick
church that will seat one thousand people. When
166 Life of Uaac WS^on Joyce.
I left Korea the building had not cost up to that
date any of our societies a doUar, the expense had
been provided for by the missionaries subscribing
and paying the money out of their salaries, and
by contributions of the native Christians. They
ought to have help, because the enterprise is a
burden greater than the financial strength of the
missionaries and native Christians can carry.
"The native Christians do not worslup to-
gether in Korea as we do in America. The Church
is divided into two parts, one for men and one
for women, and the pulpit is placed so that the
minister can see easily both parts of the congre-
gation. The men sit on one side of a wall or
curtain, and the women on the other. They sit
on the floor on bamboo mats, and all join in the
singing and in every other part of the worship,
such as the Lord's Prayer, Apostles' Creed, and
the Ten Commandments. They give the most
earnest attention, and no matter how long you
preach they manifest not the slightest sign of
weariness or lack of interest. I shall always retain
an exceedingly happy memory of the love-feasts
I attended with these native converts. Their won-
derful testimonies, their clear statements of the
pardoning power of Jesus Christ, of the comforts
derived from the presence and guidance of the
Holy Ghost, the expression of their unbounded
faith in the promises of God, their great love for
our Heavenly Father, and also their love for the
Church and the missionaries, all combined, made an
impression on my mind that I will carry with me
all my life. I know of no mission field anywhere
that has more promise in it, nor one that seems
Missionary Tours Through 'Asia. 157
so near to a complete surrender to Jesus Christ
and all that Implies, than this strange and inter-
esting Korean field. All that is needed, in my
judgment, for a speedy and abiding conquest, is
sufficient means and the needed number of workers.
'*We go from Korea to North China, touching
at Chefoo, one of the important places of the
China Inland Mission and also of the Presbyterian
Mission. We land at Tientsin, where we have a
Boys' Boarding and Day School, also two mis-
sions, a street chapel, and three homes for mis-
sionaries. The Woman's Foreign Missionary Soci-
ety have a large and well furnished hospital for
women and children. Our work here is on a good
foundation, is well organized, well managed, and
has a steady development. From Tientsin to
Pekin, the way I had to go the first time, is very
nearly one hundred and fifty miles. Pekin has a
population in the neighborhood of one million
people. It is a city full of interest to travelers.
Being the capital of the empire, here are gathered
the ministers of State representing all the coun-
tries of the world that have commercial or other
relations with China. Upon the streets as weU as
in social gatherings and Church services, you wiU
meet people from almost every country of the
world. Many missionary societies are represented
in this great center, but so great are the needs
and so varied the demands and so important the
situation, that if all the missionary societies now
at work in all China were to be represented in this
great million population center, they would in no
sense of the word crowd upon each other, nor be
in each other's way, nor do other than help each
158 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
other in their great work of as speedily as possible
impressing this vast multitude of people with the
knowledge and importance of the Gospel of Jesus
"The North China Conference covers an im-
mense territory, and the reports brought in by
the missionaries and the native preachers and help-
ers at both sessions of the Conference, show the
hold that our work has upon the population, and
also the thoroughness with which all our helpers do
their work. Just before the session opened in
September, 1896, there was a convention of the
Christian workers in all North China, held in the
city under the general direction of John R. Mott
and D. Willard Lyon, who were making a tour
of the world in the interests of the College Forward
Movement on behalf of Missions. I had the honor
of opening the convention with an address. Dr.
Sheffield, the president of the college at Tung
Chow, being my interpreter. The convention was
in session several days, and was attended with
great blessings and was of very great benefit to
the more than two hundred workers that were
present from almost every part of North China.
Following this convention the North China Con-
ference convened in the city In our new church.
We had the usual order of Conference, beginning
in the morning at half-past eight o'clock. The
first half hour was prayer-meeting, and from nine
to twelve. Conference business. From two to four,
committee meetings, and from five to six, and from
seven to eight Bible readings or sermons and re-
vival services. This was about the usual order at
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 159
most of the sessions of the Conferences and annual
meetings in China.
"J. H. Pyke, W. T. Hobart, and W. P.
Walker were my interpreters from time to time.
Brother Pyke is from Indiana, and Brother Hobart
is the son of the well-known Dr. Chauncey Hobart,
of Minnesota. The Conference business was con-
ducted with as much order, thoughtfulness, and
thoroughness as Conference work is usually done
in the United States. The native brethren from
time to time took part in the discussions, and
showed in every way not only an interest, but an
intelligent comprehension of the questions under
discussion and the general work and aims of the
Church. Several of the native members of the
Conference are graduates of the Pekin University.
They have had strong financial inducements of-
fered them to enter government service, but with-
out hesitation they declined these offers, entered
the ministry, and are doing in all cases successful
work as preachers of the Gospel, notwithstanding
the salary we pay them is in some instances not
over one-third of what they could have if they
entered government service. The man Wang, who
when a boy wheeled his mother in a wheelbarrow
four hundred miles in order to have her instructed
in the doctrines of the Grospel by our missionaries
in Pekin, is a member of this North China Con-
ference. A large, fine-looking man and a happy-
hearted, successful worker in the Lord's vineyard.
The native secretary of this Conference, Tejui,
would attract attention anywhere. He is over six
feet tall, has an intelligent face, conducts himself
with great dignity, and has the love and confidence
160 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce,
of all his brethren. Indeed, the native preachers
and workers are a body of fine-looking men, not
only in the North China Conference, but in all the
Conferences and Missions in the empire.
"The influence and greatness of our work grew
upon me rapidly as I went from place to place in
different parts of China in the prosecution of my
work. At different times in the North China Con-
ference, as well as at all other sessions of the vari-
ous Conferences, people were invited to come for-
ward and kneel as penitents asking Grod to pardon
their sins, and many came. So far as we could see
they came intelligently, understanding why they
came and why it was they could come. The native
preachers, workers, and missionaries knelt by their
side and instructed them, and many of them found
Christ in the pardon of their sins, and manifested
by word and act their great joy over their new-
found experience. In studying the matter closely
and continuously from week to week as I went
from Conference to Conference, I learned this,
to me, very important truth: after you have
preached to the heathen mind long enough to get
that mind to understand in outline the plan of
redemption, the mind understanding who God is,
what He has done for the human race; get them
to understand that Jesus Christ the Son of God
wants to save every man from sin, and that if men
will be sorry for their sins and trust Grod in the
name of Christ they will receive pardon for sins,
and the Holy Spirit will bring to their hearts the
testimony and evidence that God does forgive and
has forgiven, and that the New Testament tells
us all about the reasons why Jesus Christ came
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 161
into the world; because men are sinners, they will
be lost if they are not saved, and explain how men
came to be sinners; and with only that much
knowledge invite them to come forward and kneel
down and seek God, with plain, honest instruc-
tion you can rely upon the Holy Spirit to do His
work in their souls. In other words and briefer
form, whenever a heathen mind gets a clear out-
line idea of the plan of the atonement, invite him
to act upon that knowledge and trust the Holy
Ghost to complete the work, and then after con-
version takes place, take the mind and instruct it
more fully and completely in regard to Christian
doctrine. Christian experience. Christian living,
Christian obedience, and Christian character. No
amount of instruction in itself have I ever seen
effective in leading a mind to surrender to God,
so that the life is made new by a new-found ex-
perience. Continuous instruction without asking
the mind to act and rely upon the Holy Ghost
for help, is too apt to lead the mind to rely upon
the instruction for the renovation of the soul and
the transformation of the life rather than to de-
pend upon Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost
to execute in the soul the ends aimed at in the
teaching. Therefore I have found it best, wisest
and safest, more abiding, to set forth the simple
idea of the atoning work of Jesus Christ in the
soul, and when the mind fully takes that in, then
invite it to act at once in accepting Jesus Christ
as a Savior, and depending upon the Holy Ghost
for the testimony that the work is done. When
that work has been done, let the missionary take
162 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
the convert and instruct him, thoroughly train him
by the wisest of instruction in the doctrines of the
Bible, the principles of the New Testament; in
short, a complete outfit given through instruction,
after the mind has an experimental knowledge of
"The second time that I went to Pekin the
railroad from Shan Hai Eaun to Tientsin and
Pekin was finished, so that whereas it took me
nearly five days to reach Pekin the first year I was
there, by boat and chair, the second year it took
me by railroad less than seven hours to go from
Tientsin to Pekin.
"The first year I was in China, after my work
was finished at the North China Conference, Mrs.
Joyce and myself. Brother Hobart and a mission-
ary of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society
rode in an American buckboard from Pekin to
Tsun Hua, the home of Brother Hobart and Dr.
Hopkins and the Woman's Foreign Missionary So-
ciety ladies, the distance being one hundred miles
almost directly north. We had two mules hitched
to our buckboard, driving them tandem, and we
made the one hundred miles in three days, most
of the time over bad roads. We had carts to go
along with us carrying oiu: bedding, our pro-
visions, and some of the native helpers. We diept
at night in Chinese inns, and were comfortable.
Just beyond Tsun Hua is the Great WaU, said
to have been built years before the birth of Christ.
A large company of us had the pleasure of visiting
it, climbing to the top of it, and, after eating
our lunch, we sang some Christian hymns and gave
thanks to God for the coming of a better day and
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 163
a more glorious hope for China. Prom Tsun Hua
we went to Tientsin, stopping on the way at some
of our chapels, taking a mid-day lunch in one,
spending the night in another.
"From Tientsin we sailed for Shanghai on our
way to the Central China Mission. After stop-
ping a few days in Shanghai we proceeded on our
way up the Yangtsze River to Kiukiang, where
the annual meeting was to be held.
"Our evangelistic work in this Mission has taken
on new vigor and life in the last two years, and
is winning success. At the session of 1896 the
brethren covenanted to pray for a net increase by
conversions for the coming year of one thousand.
Throughout the Mission prayer was offered to God
asking for such evidence of His favor. When the
Mission convened in 1897 the figures revealed the
pleasant fact that the gain had been one thousand
and thirty. They covenanted to pray that the
net gain might be even greater the coming year,
and throughout the Mission the whole year prayer
has ascended to God for the outpouring of His
Spirit in every part of the Mission. The result is
that in various parts of the field the success has
"Prom this Mission we returned to Shanghai,
and from Shanghai we go to Foochow, a distance
of four hundred and fifty miles. We go, of course,
by steamer. Our Mission in Foochow began in
1847, and the field is a great one. We have in
Foochow the Anglo-Chinese College, the Theolog-
164 Life of Isaac WUion Joyce.
ical School, and in and about Foochow the day
schools that have obtained such wonderful suc-
cesses under the direction and care of Greorge S.
"As is well known. Bishop Wiley died in Foo-
chow, November, 1884. His love for China was
all-absorbing. He loved the work, was always in-
terested in efforts to advance it, remembered with
great delight the days when he was a medical mis-
sionary at Foochow, and esteemed it a great priv-
ilege and honor to visit China as a bishop. He
did much in many ways to advance the interests
of the work in that field. He loved the native
Christians, and they in turn loved him with a great
and tender love. His body is buried in the little
cemetery in Foochow. The Sunday of the Con-
ference session in 1896 was just twelve years to a
day after his death. I knew Bishop Wiley very
intimately. I loved him as a brother. I was pas-
tor of St. Paul's Church, Cincinnati, where he al-
ways attended when he was at home. I learned to
know him, and my love for him grew as my knowl-
edge of him increased. I was, one of the little
company that bade him farewell in Cincinnati when
he started for China on his last trip. On that
Conference Sunday in Foochow when I arose to
preach I thought of him. I thought of his going
from that field to his final resting-place with God
in heaven. I was in a tender mood. The presence
of the Lord seemed to be in the congregation, and
the blessing of God came upon the great audience.
In the afternoon at the close of the ordination
service there was a testimony meeting, really a
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 165
praise service, and there were many tender and
beautiful references made to Bishop Wiley, all
expressive of the great love the native Oiinese
Christians have for him. After the service many
of the older ones spoke with me, telling me of
many things they remembered about the Bishop,
and saying many tender and beautiful things
about him and his love for them. Altogether this
session of the Conference was one of very great in-
fluence, and the preachers all went to their work
apparently to do better service in the Lord's vine-
yard than they had ever done before.
"From Foochow we go to Hing Hua. We go
twenty-five miles by boat, and are then carried
fifty miles in a sedan chair. Four stalwart China-
men carried myself, but two were sufficient for each
of the other members of the party, who were less
in weight than myself. We traveled twenty-five
miles the first day, and spent the night in one of
our chapels. The next morning we started early,
intending to reach Hing Hua by simdown. Soon
after we started we were met by native Christians,
who saluted us with instruments of music and with
firecrackers. They went with us to the first vil-
lage, when another company of Christians saluted
us in like manner and went with us to the next
village, and so during the entire twenty-five miles
we had music, firecrackers, and singing of hymns.
Christians came in from the surrounding country
to join in the procession, glad to show their belief
in and love for the cause of Christ, and their de-
votion to Him. They seemed to think or know
16() Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
of no way better than this one of revealing their
devotion to the great cause of the Lord Jesus
Christ, and seemed to desire to let the heathen
people about them know that they were not
ashamed of Christ nor His Gospel. It was a pe-
culiar experience to us, and one we always will re-
member. When we entered Hing Hua we were
saluted by the pupils of the two schools with joy-
ful acclamations, hearty salutations, and earnest
singing of hymns, and the explosion of fire-
"At this session the Hing Hua Mission Con-
ference was organized by the authority of the
"The only missionaries we have in that field
are W. N. Brewster, superintendent, Franklin Oh-
Hnger, and T. B. Owen. This Conference was
originally a part of the territory of the old Foo-
chow Conference. The missionaries had been dili-
gent and successful, and the new Conference was
organized with something over five thousand mem-
bers and probationers. They had not only been
drilled in the doctrines of the Grospel, so as to
enjoy a clear Christian experience, but they had
also been drilled in regard to Church organization,
and also in giving, so that their collections were a
remarkable showing of consecration of their means,
although the people, as is well known, in all parts
of China are very poor. The session was a very
happy one, and the utmost harmony prevailed.
The session seemed to be permeated to the utmost
with the spirit of brotherly kindness and devo-
tion to the cause of Christ. The native Christians
for miles around came in to the services on the
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 167
Sabbath, and our new church, that will seat eight
hundred people, was more than filled, many people
having to stand about the doors. On Sunday
afternoon I baptized thirty-seven children, all of
them of Christian parentage.
"The visit to Hing Hua completes the tour of
all the Conferences in Eastern Asia except West
China. Therefore we turn our faces to the direc-
tion of that distant field. We return to Foochow
the same way that we came to Hing Hua. We
are conveyed in chairs until we reach our boats,
and then go up the Min River in our mission boat.
No bishop, until I went to West China, had ever
visited that distant field. Not because they did
not want to go, but because conditions were not
favorable for them to go when they were in the
field. It was my good fortune to have the oppor-
tunity to go, and I availed myself of it. We go
from Foochow to Shanghai, and in Shanghai we
made our preparations to go up the Yangtsze
River on our way to West China. The steamers
on the Yangtsze River are very good, and as a
whole furnish every required comfort and conveni-
ence. We went from Shanghai to Hankow on one
of these steamers. At this latter place we trans-
ferred to a smaller steamer, which took us to
Ichang. From Shanghai to Hankow the distance
is six hundred miles, and from Hankow to Ichang
the distance is four hundred miles. Ichang is the
end of steam navigation going up the river. We
were delayed at Hankow ten days waiting for the
smaller steamer to take us to Ichang. So while
168 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
waiting in Hankow I had the privilege of visiting
the work of our Wesleyan brethren in Hankow
and in the cities on the opposite side of the river,
and was greatly pleased with all I saw. I also
had the privilege of visiting the station of the
China Inland Mission, and also the work, hospital
and evangelistic, of the London Missionary Soci-
ety. I had the privilege of lecturing for the
Young Men's Christian Association and preaching
three times for the London Missionary brethren.
I visited the hospital of the London Mission and
the hospital of the Wesleyan Society. In every-
thing I saw of the work of both societies I was
"When I reached Ichang we found Rev. Q. A.
Meyers and wife, of our Chung King Mission, who
had come down the river to accompany us from
Ichang to Chung King. He had hired a house
boat for us and engaged the men, forty in num-
ber, to pull us up the river. A house boat is
hired just as a house is rented, empty. You put
in your own provisions and your own furniture,
hire your servants, and have general supervision
for iiie time you have it, just the same as if it
were your own property. At Shanghai, knowing
that I would have to furnish my own provisions,
I laid in a comfortable share of supplies, such as
American flour, American cornmeal, American
meat, Boston baked beans put up in cans, and
other articles that it was supposed we would need
on our trip. When I reached Ichang, I found
that Brother Myers also had laid in something of
a supply. There were other missionaries of other
missions wanting to go up the river with us, so a
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 169
second boat was hired and some forty men also
to pull them up the river. Dr. and Mrs. Woolsey,
whom the Board was sending out as medical mis-
sionaries for West China, were in our company,
and we had a doctor going out to West China to
work for the London Missionary Society, and a
Baptist brother and his wife also going into that
field. We divided our company, myself and wife
and Brother Myers and wife in one boat. Dr.
Woolsey and wife and the London physician and
Mr. Upcraft and wife, of the Baptist Mission, in
the other boat. Having laid in our supplies both
of food and furniture we were soon ready to start,
but no matter in how much hurry* one may be, it
takes just so much time — so much talk, talk, talk,
for a Chinaman to get ready to start. It does no
good to worry, it does n't help a particle to make
a fuss, just be patient. They will start after
while. From Ichang to Chung King the distance
is five hundred miles. When the winds were favor-
able we put up the sails and traveled with a fair
degree of speed; when the winds are contrary,
then the men have to pull. This is called track-
ing. A large rope made of bamboo is made ffiust
to the boat and the other end of it is put ashore,
and the forty men get hold of it and then patiently
tramp, tramp, tramp. At intervals they divide
and a number come on the boat to get their rice,
and after them the others come and eat and rest.
At night we tied up. When we came to rapids,
and there were many of them, we usually had to
pull ashore below the rapids, and we all clamored
out and walked around. Then above the rapids
we had the privilege of watching the men pull
170 Life of IscMc Wilson Joyce.
the boat through the noisy, tumbling water. At
most of these rapids we had to hire an increased
number of men. In one instance we hired one
hundred additional men. At one that was called
*New Rapids,' having been made by a recent land-
slide, we hired an additional force of two hundred
men. The boy that waited on the table and the
one that did the cooking for us were Christians.
We had prayers in the evening in English, and in
the morning in Chinese, Brother Myers conducted
the prayers in Chinese, the Chinese servants taking
their part from time to time as requested. We
had services on Sunday, and the people about the
place where we tied up came down, of course, to
see and hear.
"The scenery along the Upper Yangtsze re-
minds one at times of some of the scenery in Colo-
rado. Three or four of the gorges are very fine.
We have no missionary work on the Yangtsze
River from Eiukiang to Chung King, a distance
of one thousand miles or more.
"We were twenty-seven days making the dis-
tance of five hundred miles in this houseboat. The
brethren of Chung King heard at one time that I
was not to visit them, that the trip was so long
and accompanied with so much supposed danger,
that I had concluded not to go. But when the
word reached them that I was certainly coming,
they, judging about the time I would likely to
reach there, started down the river in our mission
boat and met us a few miles below the city. Such
a welcome as they gave us ! So full of joy, so full
of heartiness, so full of earnest expressions of
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 171
thankfulness, that I was paid more than a thou-
sand times for making the trip.
"We reached Chung King the middle of the
afternoon of February 1, 1897. The city has
between two hundred and fifty and three hundred
thousand people. We are weD situated here. We
have good property and we are doing good work.
It was necessary that I go to Chentu, the capital
of the province, before the annual meeting of the
West China Mission should convene. There are
two routes by which I could go. I could get a
smaller boat and go on up the river, which would
be five hundred miles further; or I could go by a
route they call the *Little Road' and be carried in
a chair, and this route was three hundred miles.
I chose to go in the chair. They secured four stal-
wart Chinamen to carry me. Dr. McCartney, in
charge of our hospital in Chung King, went with
me as my guide and interpreter. We had men
with us to carry our beds and food, and a man
to cook. Another man to take care of the doctor's
horse. It seemed a long journey to be carried
three hundred miles in a chair. I felt, however,
that it was my duty to go, and with that sense of
obligation upon me I did not give the difficulties
of the journey any special consideration. On our
journey we stopped over night in Chinese inns.
Our cook prepared our food. When the evening
meal was over and we were ready for sleep, we
had our prayers. Dr. McCartney usually con-
ducted the same. Sometimes our cook would lead
the devotions, and once in awhile another member
of the party would conduct the services. We arose
172 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
early in the morning, and our cook would go for-
ward and select a place some six or eight miles
ahead and have breakfast for us when we came
up. The rest of the party would come after us,
bringing the beds. Half way to Chentu is the city
of Sui Ling, and here we spent Sunday. We had
a private service early Sunday morning in our
little chapel. Dr. McCartney preached, and then
through him as an interpreter I led class. There
were twenty-four persons present, and I led it in
the old-f fiushioned Methodist manner, each one giv-
ing his or her experience. I asked them to tell
me how it was they became Christians, and what
led them first to think of Christ and give their
hearts to Him. They assigned various reasons,
all of which I have noted down. After this meet-
ing we threw open the doors of our chapel, and a
great crowd came in. I preached. Dr. McCartney
preached, and then our native pastors preached.
We then went back to our Chinese inn, cooked our
dinner, and then went out to one of the largest
heathen temples in the city. A great crowd fol-
lowed us everywhere. After we had looked through
the temple, we went into the open court of it and
held a Gospel service. We sang hymns, we read
the Scripture, we prayed and preached. The great
crowd steadily increased. All was quiet and very
orderly, and not a single word or act was said
or done to show us disrespect. Even the Buddhist
priests treated us with kindly consideration, bring-
ing me a chair that I might sit while the other
brethren were conducting the services. In the even-
ing several of the native Christians came to our
Chinese inn, and the Scriptures were read and I
Misawnary Tours Through Asia. 173
said a few words to them. Dr. McCartney also
talked and prayed with them. After dismissing
them we went to our beds, thankful to Grod that
we had had an opportunity of doing a little good
for our blessed Savior that day.
"Next morning we started early, and in due
time reached Chentu, making the distance from
Chung King to Chentu, three hundred miles, in
ten days. Chentu is the capital of Szechuen Prov-
ince, and is a city of iSve hundred thousand people.
Here is where the riots occurred in May, 1895.
The rioters destroyed our property and the prop-
erty of other missions as well, but the Chinese Gov-
ernment was caUed on by our Government to make
good the loss of property, which was done. When
I reached there two houses had been rebuilt, and a
neat new church and a school building, and per-
haps some others which I do not now recall.
"I was in Chentu several days, and had the
pleasure of dedicating our new church, baptizing
several native converts, preaching and talking upon
several occasions, and twice conducting services
for all the missionaries of the several missions in
"The day I dedicated the new church we had
in the audience a native of Thibet, a Lama priest.
I had sent for him, that I might have an interview
with him. After I got through with the interview,
I invited him to stay and witness the service of
dedication. He did so, and manifested great in-
terest in what he saw and heard. I asked him
if they would allow us to come into Thibet. He
said no, they did not want any Christian mission-
aries in their country, and insisted they would not
174 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
allow it. When I was in India, however, I had
great joy in learning that some of Bishop Tho-
bum's women missionaries, I believe, had gone into
Thibet from the other side of the great field and
had organized Bible and other work, and were
quietly pushing the work of Christ without this
Lama priest knowing that such a thing was going
on in his country.
"After remaining in Chentu for several days,
I returned by way of the river in a small boat in
company with Dr. McCartney and Dr. Canright.
The distance by river is five hundred miles, and
we made it with comfort and safety. When we
had gone two hundred and fifty miles we met our
own mission boat, which had been sent up to meet
us, and we dismissed our little boat and got into
our mission boat, and with more comfortable travel-
ing sailed down the river, stopping at various
places where our missionaries were at work.
"The annual session of the Mission was, of
course, full of interest to me, and it was so also
to the missionaries and native Christians, as it was
the first time a bishop had ever presided at their
annual meeting. We continued in session five days,
and the Lord wonderfully blessed us. We did our
work carefully, looking after every interest of the
Mission. People were converted, and Sunday was
a day of unusual victory, results beginning to tell
immediately in various ways. From time to time
I have heard of the pushing out into new fields
by our laborers and the winning of tiew victories.
"The prospect of success in this West China
work was never so inviting and promising as now.
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 176
The Szechuen Province, in which Chentu and
Chung King are located, has forty millions of
people, all speaking one dialect. It has one hun-
dred and iSfty-two walled cities, and it has seven
large cities between Chung King and Chentu, on
what is caUed the 'Great Road,' in which there has
never been a missionary stationed or doing any
work until our Brothers Peat and Cady entered
one or two of them. All the missionaries of all
the missions, all told, in West China when I was
there numbered only one hundred and fifty. This
for forty-five millions of people. Chentu is almost
opposite New York on the other side of the globe.
From Shanghai to Chentu, going all the way by
water, is a distance of two thousand miles, one
thousand by steam, the other thousand by house-
boat. You will note that I went the thousand miles
by steam, then five hundred miles by houseboat,
and then three hundred miles in a chair. So I
went, going up, eighteen hundred miles. Going
back all the way by water, it was two thousand
miles, making a total of thirty-eight hundred miles.
"Mrs. Joyce accompanied me everywhere, ex-
cept on the long chair ride from Chung King to
Chentu. She remained in Chung King with our
good missionaries while I made that journey.
While I was in Chung King I had the privilege
of holding services for all the missionaries of all
the societies doing work in that city and vicinity.
One of the most precious services I have ever at-
tended in my life was on Sunday afternoon, when
there were forty-two missionaries present in the
parlor of a Quaker missionary. The persons pres-
ent were from America, England, Scotland,
176 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
Sweden, and Germany. I do not think I over-
state the fact, when I say that every soul present
during that hour somehow felt that the Lord of
the vineyard, the great Head of the Church, was
present and did wonderfully bless His servants.
It was an hour filled with precious influences to
my own soul, and an hour the memory of which
I shall carry with me forever. I feel sure that all
who were present that day, if they could speak
in these lines this moment, would utter in substance
what I have just said.
"The annual meeting over, myself and wife
and the mother of the American consul in Chung
King started down the river in a small houseboat
for Ichang. The wind was contrary a great part
of the way. Our boat was not very heavily loaded,
and it tossed about quite vigorously, and sometimes
seemed to be dangerously doing so. We felt,
however, that we were always in the hands of Him
who said, *I will never leave you nor forsake you.'
The current is very swift, and instead of pulling
the boat by ropes, as we had done going up the
river, the men simply had to direct it by rudder
and oar. In ten days we made the distance of five
hundred miles, tying up every night. By this
you will see that we made fifty miles a day, so
the current must have been remarkably swift.
"Reaching Ichang we had to wait two or three
days for a boat to take us down to Shanghai.
This stay including a Sunday, I attended a serv-
ice in a native congregation where the Scotch
Presbyterians were at work, and was benefited
greatly by the service. In the afternoon I
preached to the English-speaking people, and was
Missionary Tours Through Asia. 177
greatly pleased to meet so many in that far-off
part of the world who remembered God, His Word,
and His service.
"In due time we reached Shanghai, arriving
there on the 15th of April, making just four
months to a day since we left Shanghai for West
China. After resting a few days we left for
Korea, to begin my second round. In all my jour-
neys, from the time I left America until I re-
turned to it, I was on thirty-five ocean and river
steamers, five of them twice, making forty jour-
neys on the steamers. I traveled in aU Eastern
Asia during my work twenty-two thousand miles.
I preached wherever I had opportunity, conducted
services of various kinds, such as revival, Bible
readings, prayer-meetings, etc., wherever occasion
offered. I also lectured a number of times.
Neither my wife nor myself was sick a single day
while we were gone, except such ailings as come
from colds, from which my wife suffered a few
days in Hankow. The two years I was in this
wonderful field are among the happiest years of
"I would rather live in Shanghai than any
other city of which I have any knowledge. Not
because I could have every comfort there, not be-
cause of the many conveniences that I might have
about me, but because of the good I could do in
mission work. It is also the great commercial cen-
ter of Eastern Asia, what New York is commer-
cially and otherwise to the United States. In my
judgment we ought to have an episcopal residence
178 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
in that city. We ought also to have a printing-
press and a Methodist Book Concern there. We
ought to have a business agent there to transact all
our business for all our missions in China. Our
printing-press could print our theological books,
our hymn books, and all other kinds of literature
that we would need for the work of missions. We
could also have one paper for all our missions in
the Empire. We have such a paper now, designed
for this purpose and published at Foochow, but
Shanghai is the commercial center of all China.
Our press and Book Concern are doing remarkably
good work at Foochow, but they could do still
more and greater work if they were located at
"When I finished my work in China, instecul of
returning home by way of Vancouver and San
Francisco, we came on around the world by way
of Malaysia, India, Palestine, Italy, and England,
and landed in New York the 2d day of April,
1898, having journeyed in all forty-one thousand
miles, and by Grod's blessing kept in health and
strength, both my wife and myself, throughout all
our long journey.''
Bishop Joyce and the Epwoeth League.
IN the year 1900 Bishop Joyce was elected
by his colleagues on the Board of Bishops
President of the Epworth League of the
Methodist Episcopal Church for the quadrennium
beginning at the close of the General Conference
of that year.
It was an appointment in harmony with his
tastes and gifts. His strong sympathies with
youth, his buoyant and optimistic spirit, and his
deep spiritual experience, altogether fitted him
peculiarly to become the leader of the young life
of the Church. The saintly and catholic-spirited
Bishop Ninde had preceded him in the office.
After receiving his notification of this added
responsibility he went to the office of the editor
of the Epworth Herald in Chicago — ^where the
General Conference was held — ^and they spent two
hours in prayer and counsel together concerning
the needs of the young people of Methodism.
From that time on the welfare of the young
people of the Church was his peculiar care. He
180 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
advised with and inspired their leaders. He ad-
dressed their conventions. He exhorted the young
people to high ideals and attainments in Christian
experience. He urged them to be true to the
Church's standard concerning worldly amusements.
He pressed on their attention the lofty claims of
foreign missionary service. And he led hundreds
upon hundreds of them into that spiritual baptism
which had so comforted his own soul and re-en-
forced his ministry. And in the International Ep-
worth League Convention at San Francisco, in
1901, he preached to an audience of nearly ten
thousand Epworthians a sermon of marvelous
power, holding the vast audience spellbound for
an hour and a quarter, and lifting them to trans-
The following is an appeal to the young life
of the Church for revival effort, made while he
was President of the League through the columns
of the Epworth Her did:
"The Coming Revival,
''What Kmd of One ShaU it Be?
"The Church is praying for a revival. God is
answering prayer. The presence of the Holy
Spirit is among the people. The Churches are
taking on new strength. The Conferences are
making encouraging reports. There is a very
general opinion that we are on the eve of a great
spiritual awakening. A revival is at hand. What
Bishop Joyce and the Epworth League. 181
kind shall it be? It is so much easier to depend
on the seen than it is upon the unseen, upon the
human rather than the Divine, that we may thereby
be led to forget the important truth tiiat it is
not by the wisdom of human might, nor by the
skill of human power, but it is by the agency of
the Holy Spirit, that men's consciences are reached
and awakened, and their minds enlightened and
persuaded, and their wills influenced and surren-
dered, and their sins pardoned and their souls
"It is therefore a Scriptural revival we need
and are praying for. And such a revival is clearly
provided for in the Word of God, Pentecost was
such a revival. Read Joel ii, 1, and ii, 27, 28,
29, 82. We must take into account the fact that
God is always ready to give to His Church the
revival with its attendant blessings. The view
that would limit Him to set times as the only
seasons when He can or will revive His people,
is not in harmony with the teachings of the Holy
Scriptures on the subject. Nor is the same in
keeping with the records of revivals in the history
of the Church of God.
"Methodism at its best believes, and therefore
teaches, that God will give the revival and its
blessings to longing and prayerful souls anywhere,
everywhere, and any time and all the time. If
we will give the references in Joel, and also in all
other parts of God's Word, referring to this sub-
ject a careful reading, depending upon the Holy
Spirit to open the Word to our understanding,
we shall see this truth in so clear a light, as to be
satisfied ever after, not only with its correctness,
182 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
but also with its fullness and richness and glory.
God is always ready to bestow upon His servants
and His Church His very best spiritual blessings.
The leader called of Grod to blow the trumpet in
Zion must be taught of Grod by the Spirit. Such
a leader will possess the mind and patience of
Jesus, and be ruled by the spirit of compassion.
(Matt, ix, S6-) Joel ii, 17, makes humiliation
and fervent prayer absolute necessities on the part
of Grod's ministers. The right study of Revelation
iii, 15, I69 will lead to self examination, repentance,
and confession, and soon the spirit of the New
Testament tenderness, and loving compassion, and
the fullness of spiritual blessing, will fill the soul,
and direct the life. These experiences and their
effects are to go beyond the ministers. Joel ii, 1,
says, "Let all the inhabtants of the land tremble,
for the day of the Lord cometh, for it is nigh
at hand." In Acts ii, 1, we read, "And when the
day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with
one accord in one place." We are not to suppose
that an overwhelming majority of the Church will
at once be ready to join such a company, for such
purpose and such results; but, thank God! there
are those of God's people who carry a burden of
soul for the success of Christ's kingdom, and for
the victories of His righteousness, and there are
those who lead the way in these days of intense
interest, and their faith, prayers, and victories are
bringing many to their side to join them in this
growing and widening work. There may be those
who speak against the few who groan and weep in
soul over the spiritual dearth abroad in the land,
but such persons show thereby, however, that they^
Bishop Joyce and the Epworth League. 183
themselves are ignorant of the Scriptural condi-
tions of a revival of religion.
"Such people frustrate the grace of Grod. This
condition of revival success is not to be secured
by hunting for Achans in the camp, or railing at
the people. He who rushes into the burning build-
ing to save its occupants has neither time nor
heart to abuse the sleeping inmates; there is no
scold in the man who is alarmed, and horrified at
sin and its consequences. When such a man gets
desperately in earnest, the lukewarm, the indiffer-
ent, and the heedless misunderstand him, and de-
ride him and sometimes laugh him to scorn.
**Whoever will give himself to the work of
bringing sinners to Christ, must do so with a des-
peration of purpose. This is essential. But be
it known everywhere that such a state of mind
and of heart can not be obtained by any methods
of human training. The schools can neither teach
it nor confer it. It can be obtained only from
God. Through the personal, prayerful study of
His Word and an absolute abandonment of self to
God, and an unreserved dependence upon the Holy
Spirit. This is neither rant, cant, nor wildfire.
It will not always fit into formal molds, nor will
it run in ice-bound ruts, nor will it be pleasing to
people who are under the esthetic influence of a
heartless and non-responsive formalism. But it
will be pleasing to God, and wonderfully helpful
to the Church of Jesus Christ, and make her a
power in drawing men into the kingdom of love
and grace. It will make a way for itself, and it
will distribute its power effectively far and wide
according to methods which the fathers of the
184 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
Church understood, for they had it and conquered
and triumphed under it.
"Every minister and every layman throughout
all Methodism ought to know that one of our rules
for preachers says, *Be ashamed of nothing but
sin.' The same applies to laymen as well. I ap-
peal to every Methodist to read paragraph 136,
section 3. Also paragraphs 137 to 142 of the
Discipline of the Church, and do this along with
Joel ii, 1, 26, 27, 28, 29, 32, and Acts ii, 1-4, and
also verses 12 to 21.
**The Spirit-taught souls will see wondrous
things in these truths, and will discover equip-
ments of power for service that will mean revivals
of religion according to Bible provision that will
bring people in great multitudes to Christ for sal-
vation from sin and for the fullest and richest
blessings of His love.
*^Such a salvation movement is now at hand.
It is at our doors. I rejoice and thank Grod that
our Epworth League army has already entered
into the work with a heroic faith that means vic-
tory along the entire line; and already Christ, the
Head of the Church, is giving them some glorious
victories. I pray that this Army of young people
will continue to go steadily and prayerfully for-
ward to the movement of final victory and broadest
triumph, and even more than the two millions of
souls shall be won for Christ and for the best life
in His service.'*
Decobation-bay Address Delivebed at Chat-
tanooga, May 30, 1896.
THIS day is full of interest to us all. Mem- *
ories precious and tender are revived in
many thousands of hearts throughout the
land. The eyes grow dim, through gathering
tears, as memory is busy with the scenes crowded
into the years long gone by. Voices grow tremu-
lous as the names of dear ones come to the lips;
the> mental vision pierces through the shadows that
gather over the years, and the forms of loved ones
are seen walking again the familiar paths that
lead up to the dear old home of the long ago. We
join them in our affection, and hold converse with
them once more in the intensely yearning love
of our hearts.
Men die, but their influence lives. Death brings
them to the grave, but what they did in life tells
the world the kind of men they were.
Death deprives men of their wealth, but the
work they wrought while living constitutes an
imperishable monument that will, ages long, reveal
186 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
what were the supreme, and therefore the ruling,
purposes of their lives, and the motives which were
the ground-work of their ambition. Men are ex-
pressions of possibilities, of that which may be;
they stand for influences, expressive of principles,
the power of which is felt along the lines of hu-
manity, and lie in the pathway of the centuries.
Men of high-grade character, of exalted motives,
governed by the law of self-sacrifice — ^these are
the men who build great governments, create best
civilization, and, if need be, are willing to die for
the sake of a great principle, which will result in
good to mankind. The works of such men follow
them and influence generations of peoples, and
shape institutions with the highest expression of
the best power that ever comes to men out of the
Divine fuUness. Such men deserve the admiration
and are entitled to the loving remembrance of
God provides ^f or the founding, the growth,
and the career of nations ; they are the things that
must be, they are the necessities in the education
of men, and in the needed character-building of
the generations of the human family, and in the
development or unfolding of God's plans for men
as the ages come on.
We have a right to believe that this nation of
ours is a child of Providence. The time and man-
Decoration-Day Address. 187
ner of founding it, the struggles passed, the his-
tory made, the work done, the influence achieved,
the position won; these indicate some of the rea-
sons why we have the right to believe, yea, why
we are authorized to believe, this nation came into
being because Grod willed it ; and it lives, and has
a future and a mission because He is over it, and
wills the same: the pathway along which our na-
tion has come is conspicuously marked by institu-
tions, monuments, battle-fields, and heroes' resting-
places. In the ranks of its people are the evi-
dences of struggles which fade not away ; they are
broken semi-circles, crippled bodies, desolate hearts,
burdened souls, care-worn faces, and tearful eyes.
The nation lives because its countless thou-
sands of manly men went to their graves for it by
way of the weary march, the bloody fields of battle,
the hospital, and the prison: but these men are
not forgotten; a grateful republic lovingly en-
shrines in the hearts of its people, as a sacred
Irust, the memory of its heroic defenders, and
annually the surviving comrades of these hero dead
come together, and with gentle hands cover the
sleeping forms with flowers — ^Nature's best expres-
sion of love.
Bolingbroke said: "Neither Montaigne ita writ-
ing his essays, nor Descartes in building new
worlds, nor Burnet in framing an antediluvian
188 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
earth, nor Newton in discoyering the true laws of
nature, felt more intellectual joys than he feels
who is a real patriot, who bends all the forces
of his understanding, and directs all his thoughts
and actions to the good of his country .'* The most
enlightened patriotism of all lands approves the
statements of this gifted and far-seeing thinker
From the spring of 1861 to the year 1865
the great question with Americans was that of
patriotic devotion to the principles of civil lib-
erty in the republic as guaranteed by the Con-
stitution of the nation. During that period of
four years of war, more than one-haK a million
of men went to heroes' graves from the battle-
field, the camp, and the hospital. But — ^patriot-
ism came out of the awful struggle in triumph,
and those who gave sturdy blows for the nation's
honor, and who stood for the defense of freedom's
flag came through the conflict — heroes — ^the equals
of any men that ever in the history of mankind
braved the dangers of war for the love and de-
fense of a great principle.
Every pure sentiment of the human heart says,
"Let love's choicest gifts express a nation's deep-
est afi^ection for those who, as Montgomery would
'' * Went down like favorite children to hurtle in the lap
of glory.' "
Decoration-Day Address. 189
Their names will recall multitudes of precious
memories; thoughts of past scenes and loved ones
will set to vibrating chords that will cause the eyes
to overflow with tears. To die for a nation's honor
is to go to a martyr's grave for the supremacy
of a principle and the uplifting of the people;
the result gives new life to the republic, and in-
creases the greatness of the nation, and mankind
is enriched by the influence of such consecrated
devotion, and the higher nature of men is edu-
cated, — disciplined — ^by the matchless, peerless
power of such object lessons.
Unselfish and far-reaching deeds take deep hold
upon our hearts and our memories; we can not
forget them; their influence makes us think better
of our race; they give us a conviction of the
power of righteousness, and faith in the final vic-
tory of right over wrong, of truth over error;
this is the mighty and the enduring link which
unites and holds together the generations of men,
and those who come after us will do as we are
doing, they will honor the memory of the nation's
defenders, and they will annually cover their graves
with flowers, and children's children will be told
the story of the sacrifices and of the dying of
these patriotic martyrs.
^^Leonidas and his regiment of three hundred
immortal and invincible Spartans died, more than
190 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
two thousand years ago, at Thermopylae, with their
faces to the foe, but their glorious achievement
again and again through the centuries has nerved
the arm of the patriot upon many a battle-field
when measuring dangers and bravely meeting them
against overwhelming foes."
"So along down the way of the centuries —
yea, it may be along the pathway of the length-
ened ages, men and youth will gather inspiration
from the history of our conflicts, from the story
of our battle-fields, from the deeds of our noble
patriot dead, to nerve and to inspire and strengthen
them for the conflicts which they may be called
upon to take part in.
"So long as there is an Antietam, a Gettys-
burg, a Wilderness, a Vicksburg, a Chickamauga,
a Lookout Mountain, a Richmond, and a March
to the Sea, aye, so long as there is a soldier with
an empty sleeve, or one that trudges along life's
dusty way by aid of crutch or cane — because he
left a leg on some bloody battle-field, — so long as
there is the widow of a dead soldier, who wishes
for the coming of her loved one, but he comes not
again, so long as there may be the orphaned child
of the hero dead, who in evening twilight sits and
yearns for just one more look into father's face,
although he knows it can not be, aye, so long as
this nation shall stand, let not loyal Americans
Decoration-Day Address. 191
forget the men who for love of country willingly,
cheerfully died, that the republic might continue
to live and be a Ught and a blessing to all.
Government — nationality — ^is a necessity with
all people, and under the influence of the best,
men rise to the purest and the wisest political influ-
ence, to the highest mental development, as well
as to the truest Christian character. Mind is al-
ways stronger and better, the more closely and in-
tensely it is applied in the labor of great think-
ing, in the processes of trying to solve hard prob-
lems; and the nation which is able, by the genius
of its laws and the provisions of its constitution
and under the leadership of wise men, to keep the
brain of its people employed upon subjects of
great practical value, will, in the sum total of
results which go to make a people's history, become
the wisest, the best, and the most influential nation.
It will be able to discover and bring into use
those virtues which lift a people to the heights
of the best civilization.
*Tor practical purposes, new application of old
truths is equal to the discovery of new ones."
Men have done well in building nations, in
making civilizations. Man started with nothing,
without a home, without village or city, an un-
subdued earth, with but little knowledge of the
world he was in. He stood facing a destiny,
192 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
which he feared more than he understood. But
look along the lines of history, and the centuries
tell of the unf oldings of his powers and the results
of his skill. Cities, states, nations, monuments,
libraries, institutions, and civilization mark the way
of his power in aU lands and in all time. Take a
survey of the status to-day ; he is this day more in
himself, and more in the breadths and heights of
his achievements, than at any former moment, hour,
or century of his history. He is master to-day.
He has solved the problems of earth and air and
sky, he sails all seas, he ascends all rivers, he climbs
all mountains, he explores all continents, he trav-
erses all depths, he measures all heights, he studies
all languages, he masters all laws, he examines all
mysteries; his cities are marvels for greatness, in
wealth, in influence, and in power; his inventions
and his discoveries show that in the embodiment
of his power and in the possibilities of his great-
ness he stands a king, as one akin to the Divine.
Behold him this day, as he stands in the results
of his mighty and his far-reaching inventions, in
the continent sweeping power of his combinations,
in the thought lines of his genius that girdle the
globe on which he lives.
Surely he is, in view of this exhibited vastness
of his power, entitled to a high place in the sweep
of ages. Such a being must have a nation. He
Decoration-Day Address. 193
will, by the inherent power within him, build for
the centuries, for it is a great manhood, present
and possible, under Divine guidance and instruc-
tion, on its way through the ages, facing hope-
fully the steadily unfolding and endless future.
It is just as essential that he build and possess
a nation as it is that he have a house in which
to live, a home for the shelter and protection of
his family. And when the nation has for its foim-
dation the principles of righteousness and justice,
it is by that fact as worthy a subject of prayer
and defense as is the home.
Nations have problems to solve peculiar to the
places they occupy in the centuries, and their geo-
graphical location on the face of the earth. God
works His plans to final and effective results
through the agency of the nations; He has no
more trouble to give a nation a mission, than He
has in giving a single man a work to do. If
either does anything worthy a name and a place
in history, it is because there is a Divine wisdom
that plans the work for both, and a Love infinite
in its nearness and tenderness to inspire both for
The place and surroundings of our nation in-
dicate that Grod has no merely ordinary work for
it to do. We are in the best center for a great
nation to be built, and in due time do a work
194 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
which will lead to a destiny greater than that ever
yet reached by another. Our area of territory is
greater than that of any country except Russia.
**Two great oceans receive the waters and the
commerce of the rivers which touch every part
of our land, and in turn something from every
part of the world is brought to our very doors."
Here is the place for a nation greater than any
known to history, and results already achieved in-
dicate its mission to be to work out a better des-
tiny for humanity than has yet been reached.
Here, if anywhere on the face of the earth,
principles taught by the Lord Jesus Christ are
to have a practical application in the solution of
problems of government, and all other questions
which can enter into the life and work of a nation.
Here, if anywhere, is to be shown by practical il-
lustrations how the welfare of men is secured, and
how the rights of all men are guarded by the jus-
tice and the great-heartedness of the nation's laws.
If American history has a meaning of any-
thing more than the mere record of events, or de-
scription of battle-fields and their bloody scenes
and the victories for the nation's flag, it is that
after defending the unity of the nation, and then
securing the same, there are other questions which
have arisen and are now confronting us, and which
by their nature can not be bowed out of the arena,
and they refuse to be pushed aside.
Decoration-Day Address. 195
The influence of our brave dead is about us;
the atmosphere of their devotion pervades our
homes, and is felt through all the ranks of soci-
ety and of commercial relations, and the voice
which comes to us upon its currents is the voice
of that Providence that speaks in events, and re-
veals the trend of His will in the epochs that make
God has lifted to the eyes of nations great
principles. He commands men to study and apply
them, to love them, to obey and build them into
individual and into national organic life. They
cover all life; obeying them is elevation, purity,
and power; disobeying them, individual debase-
ment and national degradation follow.
"Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy."
"Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy
God in vain." "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God
with all thy heart." "Thou shalt love thy neigh-
bor as thyself."
What would the record show covering these
things? Desecrations, blasphemies, and trans-
gressions so aboimd that in places refinement and
purity blush and hide their faces.
Greed and selfishness and wrongly used power
put forth their hands now and again with alarm-
ing effect upon the less fortunate. Practices that
lead men into wrong paths grow with a rapidity,
and at an expense of brain and conscience and
196 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
fortune that are truly prophetic of the widest dis-
These and other things which spring grave
questions upon us constitute some of the problems
which at this moment are confronting us as a
people. We must meet the issues which they
crowd upon us.
Have we, as a people great in our nationality,
enough moral courage and power to overcome all
these evils of which I have spoken, and which carry
in their expression so much of alarm? Can we
break their influence and free ourselves from them?
I believe I voice the convictions and the faith of
right thinking men when I say we can, and that
we will. We can always depend upon the bedrock
common sense, the courage and devotion of the
American people, when we reach the last stages of
a great crisis in our national condition. They
have never failed us yet in our history, they have
ever been true at the emergent moment of every
great emergency. I dare believe they will be in
all the coming years in the life of this republic.
Since the year 1865 the elements of a new civ-
ilization have been gradually manifesting their
presence and making known their influence among
the people of this nation, and these elements are
persistently pushing themselves into every part of
the land, and they are felt in every abode of man.
Decoration-Day Address. 197
from lakes to Gulf, from Atlantic Ocean to Pa-
cific waters. Every hut, cabin abode, and home
of wealth experiences something this day of their
Childhood is wiser, manhood is stronger, and
old age is happier.
A spirit, as if out of the open heavens, has
come down among the people, and they have been
inspired and by it lifted up and carried forward
at such a rate that it is not easy for us to esti-
mate the progress we have as a nation made since
1865, nor the rate we are making to-day at which
we are going forward.
The material activity everywhere manifest, is
a showing of the presence of intellectual giants
abroad in the land. A thoughtful writer says,
"We have railroad lines sufficient in number to
reach almost seven times around the earth.** Their
annual earnings reach up into the hundreds of mil-
lions of dollars.
The telegraph companies of the country are
operating wires enough to reach around the globe
"We have telephone wires now in use of suffi-
cient length to reach eight times around the earth,."
We are in contact with the heart-beats and
brain-throbs of the peoples of all the islands and
all the continents upon the face of this earth.
198 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
The actiyities are equally great on the moral
side of this nineteenth-century life. The great
universities and colleges are crowded with the
young manhood and the young womanhood — ^the
great young life — of this nation. The institutions
of learning of all grades are too limited in ac-
commodations to receive the multitudes of Amer-
ica's children that crowd their way to their doors
asking for that training to fit them for the scenes,
and the labors, the responsibilities and the crises
that await them as citizens in this great republic.
The Churches have in their pulpits men, many
of whom have received the best intellectual train-
ing possible for men to receive, and they are using
that disciplined and consecrated ability to go into
every grade of society, and out of their love for
humanity and their love to God persuade the
humblest and the most obscure life to look upward
The Sunday-school army numbers millions of
children passing under the magic touch of Holy
Scripture communicated by lips from hearts in
touch with the Christ.
The Christian press is in the front line with
cultured brain, high purpose, and a holy passion
to give the most inspiring truths to every home
in our land.
The closing years of the century throb with
Decoration-Day Address. 199
the high purposes of the best men and women of
The best womanly character known to history
is, in these days of mighty movements, devoting
itself to lifting up the fallen, helping the needy,
instructing the ignorant, persuading the wayward
to come home to the Heavenly Father. She is
this hour heaven's messenger to carry hope and
good cheer everywhere. But great as all this is,
the hour rings with calls for men of yet greater
moral courage and power to go into the arena,
and do a work that cries to heaven for relief.
By the hundred thousands men gave them-
selves to the defense of the dear old flag and to
save the nation from dismemberment and ruin.
Without a moment's hesitation they went to scenes
of carnage and stood amid shot and shell and flame,
and fought and won for freedom.
But the battle-fields of the republic, the graves
where sleep our honored dead, in addition to flag,
and union, and liberty, and nation mean also jus-
tice, righteousness, the Grolden Rule, and all the
virtues taught in the Holy Book; these are some
of the momentous questions that followed in the
wake of the hour when in 1865 our dear old flag —
the Stars and Stripes — ^went once more to the top
of the mast o'er aU this land, never to come down
again. These are the problems we have to solve.
200 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
These are the battles we must fight. Chickamauga
— Grettysburg — ^Richmond — ^the Wilderness — the
March to the Sea meant courage — ^blood — death;
but these other problems that follow in the wake
of bloody fields are the most tug and tussle con-
flict — ^battle of thought with thought, brain with
brain, heart with heart, pen with pen, dollar with
dollar; the field covers the nation; the' enemies'
hiding-places are in the hearts, brains, homes of
the people. These enemies are in saloons, the
gaming places, in poison-dripping literature — and
in the spirits of hate, deception, jealousy and envy.
These constitute the battle of this day; have we
the courage to march into the heart of the conflict,
and with manly words, brave deeds, and with
Christly spirit do and dare the best we can to
bring the kingdom of Gk)d to earth, and establish
it, with its love, peace, joy, purity, in the hearts
and homes of the peoples of our land? This is not
an hour's nor a day's conflict.
O men of a hundred battle-fields, where you
stood so grandly for the Stars and Stripes, will
you not, as you have helped save the nation from
civil disruption, will you not help to save it from
evils which now imperil its peace and its prosperity,
which threaten its moral purity and its stability,
which menace its homes, its character, its every in-
terest which a brave patriot and a devout Chris-
tian loves so devoutly?
Decoration-Day Address. 201
Grand Army of the Republic — noble men —
well nigh a million strong, the voice that called
you in the days of your young manhood to follow
the flag of your country, to fight its battles and
win its victories, that same blessed voice this day
calls you to wage a ceaseless warfare in the name
of the Holy One against every evil and form of
wrong which threaten the best good of our nation.
There is no question about the outcome; victory
will come, and the victors will have again God's
blessing and heaven's reward; for more than these
Gabriel would not ask.
We ought to do these things for our own
nation's sake and its security, and for the sake of
nations about us, for the eyes of all peoples of aU
nations are turned this way, and they have a feel-
ing that humanity has an interest in this land
The greatness of the interests committed to
the keeping of this free nation is sufficient reason
for the massing of the great moral forces of the
land, to hold the nation in the strength of Grod's
favor for the triumphs of righteousness. Ac-
knowledgment of Grod is the strength of a nation,
and the practice of His precepts is the salvation
of governments. The people that in their prin-
ciples and elements of nationality are the nearest
Grod's idea of things are on their way to the great-
202 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
est victories possible to be won, and the hands on
their dial plates will never go backward.
"France tried for a time to get along without
God, but Napoleon, for the good of the State,
restored religion to the people." "When the Prime
Minister of Louis Philippe was dying, he said.
Trance must have religion.'"
So must every nation, no matter what the
form of government.
Our Ship of State has sailed some stormy seas,
but in the darkest hour, when we cried unto Him,
we found Him guiding us through the darkness
and the storm. And so long as we are true to
Him, He will continue to shape our course, and
take us safely unto the desired haven.
I have an abiding conviction that tlus country
of ours, more than any other, represents much
of the future of mankind, and one of my strongest
reasons for my belief is, we can do more for the
fium — ^the individual here, than can be done for
him in any other part of the world. He can get
more here than in any other nation. Matthew
Arnold says, "America holds the future."
Even with all the obstacles in our way, and
the difficulties which beset us, we can at this hour
show the best average citizen character to be found
in any country.
Some one has said, "Let us remember we speak
Decoration-Day Address. 203
the language of great ideas, hence the language
of the future."
^^It makes a great difference what language
a people speaks, what songs they sing, what re-
ligion they have.'* A thoughtful writer says, "A
nation that speaks the language of Shakespeare
and of Milton can never be ground under the heel
of a tyrant,"
Let us also remember, the people who read
the Bible, think its thoughts, imbibe its spirit, ex-
perience its religion, practice its precepts, live in
its atmosphere, and cling to Grod, its Author, can
never be conquered by any power on earth, nor
overthrown by any sort of influence known among
Under some such power as this we have come
out of every ordeal through which we have passed,
and we look back now to the dark days from 1861
to 1865, and without any hesitation whatever say,
"God brought us through." No other power
could have delivered us. Victory came on His
plan, and at the last union and peace were restored
throughout the land; we thank God for it, and
devoutly pray they may abide forever. The con-
flict was the struggle of giants. The contest was
the mightiest onset of opposing armies, made up
of the best blood and brains and muscle and char-
acter that ever entered into battle over a great
204 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
principle In the life of a nation. The American
soldier stands forth to-day in the record he has
made, the peer of any soldier of any land or nation.
But the price we paid for the unity and the
peace of the nation was himdreds of thousands
of lives, and these services can only be a feeble
expression of our appreciation of, and our love
for the honored dead, and for what they accom-
plished for us. We owe them a debt we can never
fully pay. Their dying was the price of blessings
which enrich us this day, and it is our duty to
make the story of their sacrifice a source of per-
petual benediction to the nation and to the world.
No graves were ever more eloquent than these
graves of our heroes. They speak to us of cour-
age, of duty, of the grandeur of a great mission.
They who live to great purpose always fill a
larger sphere than the local circle of their indi-
You may have stood in a plain hall, and read
the news of the men who thought out and uttered
the proclamation of American independence; per-
sonally not one of them did you know, but in their
deeds they are immortal and known to all the
world. So with these hero brothers of ours, whose
deeds and memory we love to cherish because they
gave their lives for the defense of the principles
uttered in the declaration of American independ-
ence. A new generation has come upon the stage
Decoration-Day Address. 205
since they fell, and the time will come when not
one will be living who took part in the conflict of
arms, nor will one remain who knew any one of
these men, but what these heroes did, in the sacri-
fice they made, in the results they achieved, has
passed into history to be read by succeeding gener-
ations, and this nation wHl sta/nd as a monument
to their memory. In every national cemetery in
the land will be found on many a headstone the
word "Unknown ;" but whether known or unknown,
the American people will always remember their
deeds of valor, nor will they ever cease to cherish
their memory, and they will live in song — ^in his-
tory — ^in monuments — ^in great institutions, and in
this mighty republic that has a mission to lead
the world in the greatest enterprises that charac-
terize a people for the moral and intellectual wel-
fare of mankind.
Annually during all the coming years these
services will be held, and gifts of flowers from lov-
ing hearts will be strewn by gentle hands o'er the
mounds where sleep the nation's honored dead.
Our government honors itself in the beautiful and
tender way it makes provision for the care of its
hero dead. No other nation has done so much as
ours has done to show its appreciation of and love
for the men who gave their lives for the nation's
life. All honor to the brain and heart of this
great republic for the loving care it shows for its
206 Life of Iscmc Wilson Joyce.
yet living defenders, and for the love and honor
it bestows on the memory of those who braved
everything and died for the nation's life, imity,
To this sacred place we come this day to honor
the memory of our nation's dead, and with a loyal
Cover them over— the brave and the true ;
Cover them over — ^the Boys of the Blue ;
Husband and brother, father and lover.
Cover them over, cover them over:
Cover them over — the brave and the true,
Cover them over — our Boys of the Blue.
Cover them over with silence and weeping,
Cover the dust that lies here in our keeping ;
Graves of the youthful and graves of the old,
Cover with flowers of crimson and gold :
Cover them over— the brave and the true,
Cover them over — our Boys of the Blue.
Cover them over with fragrance and beauty,
Cover the hushed hearts that shrank not from duty ;
Men of the battle-field ghastly and gory,
Cover them over — ^these men in their glory.
Cover them over^the brave and the true.
Cover them over — our army of blue.
Men of a nation in darkness and danger,
Sick, bleeding, dying, in land of the stranger.
Our fond hearts shall cherish a love that is true,
For all who gave life for the Eed, White, and Blue.
And long as that banner shall symbol our pride.
We '11 garland the graves of our heroes that died.
Decoration-Day Address. 207
men of the nation ! men of the blue !
Out from the heart comes a requiem for you,
From hilltop and valley, from prairie and sea,
The shout of the millions: One nation are we I
No more may war^s reveille open the day,
But peace wreathes her chaplet forever and aye.
Peace I peace to your ashes, O men of the Blue I
Over each mound falls our love like the dew:
Bound you we gather to-4ay in our pride,"
With honor to all who for country have died.
Sleep ! sleep I till the waking calls to arise.
And Join with the army of blue in the skies.
His Religious Experience.
THE conversion of Bishop Joyce has been
described in a previous chapter. Some-
thing of the depth and genuineness of his
religious life has been inferred from the narrative
of his labors and utterances. But so important
a part did personal religious experience have in
his success as a pastor and bishop, and so marked
was the experimental emphasis in his preaching,
*as that the subject merits distinct treatment.
The great fundamental of his religious life
was his conversion. So clear and definite was that
experience that he never doubted it. He loved to
refer to it. Undoubtedly it was responsible for
the definiteness and confidence with which he ap-
pealed to men for immediate decision for Christ.
It colored all his thinking and feeling. And the
conversion of men was the major emphasis of his
preaching and effort up to the very end.
With him, as with every obedient child of God,
numberless blessings and times of refreshing came
to him along the way. He grew in grace and in
the knowledge of God. The exercise of his gifts
His Religious Experience. 209
brought their enlargement. New sorrows brought
fresh opportunities to prove the faithfulness of
Grod, and new joys afforded him fresh occasions
Next to his conversion the most important spir-
itual crisis of his life occurred during his first
pastorate at St. Paul Church, Cincinnati. In the
summer of 1883 he had charge of the Epworth
Heights Camp-meeting, near Cincinnati. During
its progress the teachings of Dr. William Jones,
of the St. Louis Conference, on the subject of en-
tire sanctification deeply impressed him. The
teachings of Dr. Sheridan Baker had already given
him much hght upon this subject. As a young
minister, in common with all other young min-
isters of the Methodist Church, he had studied
John Wesley's "Plain Account of Christian Per-
fection,'' and had answered in the aflSrmative the
bishop's interrogatory, "Do you expect to be made
perfect in love in this life?" But he had never
felt that he had received this grace.
During the camp-meeting at Epworth Heights,
however, he sought and received this blessing. And
during all his ministry afterward he gave this doc-
trine and experience a prominent place in his
However interpretations of religious experi-
ences may differ, — ^and we recognize that an inner
810 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
experience is one thing, while its theological inter-
pretation is a wholly different thing — there is
no doubt that there came to Bishop Joyce a ^eat
spiritual baptism at Epworth Heights, which pro-
foundly affected his after ministry. There was
a freedom, an earnestness, a fearlessness, and an
unction attending his public ministry, and a pa-
tience and love and steadiness of self-control in
his private life, which showed how deeply the grace
of God had permeated his springs of action and
feeling. We who had known him in his Indiana
pastorates felt that, while he had always been a
good man and a useful minister of Christ, a new
emphasis had come into his ministry and a new
beauty into his Hfe during his Cincinnati pas-
On his election to the episcopacy he emphasized
the higher Christian life at his Annual Confer-
ences. He took with him to many of his Confer-
ences Dr. Samuel A. Keen, of the Ohio Confer-
ence, who conducted "Pentecostal Meetings" for
the ministers and people. In these meetings the
office and work of the Holy Spirit were emphasized,
and preachers and people were urged to seek the
experience of perfect love and the anointing of
the Spirit for service. After the death of Dr.
Keen, Bishop Joyce took with him much of the
time the Rev. Edward S. Dunham, of the Central
His Religious Experience. 211
Ohio Conference, who conducted meetings on the
same lines. It is not possible to estimate the new
courage and Wpe and spiritual re-enforcement
generally that^me to thousands of ministers and
lay members as a result of these "Pentecostal"
services. While thousands of irreligious people
and persons holding a merely nominal relation to
the Church were converted.
Bishop Joyce had with him in this work Dr.
William A. Spencer, Secretary of the Church Ex-
tension Society, whenever it was possible for the
latter to so arrange his work, and also Dr. Manley
S. Hard, of the same Board, both of whom pre-
ceded the Bishop to the heavenly reward.
At first glance it might seem that such services
were an unnecessary innovation. A reference to
the custom of Mr. Wesley in his conferences with
his preachers shows that they were a renaissance
rather than an innovation. For the early Confer-
ences dealt chiefly with matters of Christian expe-
rience. Stevens's "History of Methodism" makes
that clear. The experimental note was the domi-
nant note of the early Conferences. But as the
Church grew and became a vast and complex or-
ganism, with great benevolent and educational in-
terests, and many organizations seeking a hearing
before the annual gatherings of the preachers, the
Annual Conference, as a mecms of grace, disap-
212 Life of Iscmc WUam Joyce.
pearedy save as an oocasioiial sermon aroused men
to seek their spiritual improvement. The confer-
ring together concerning personal religious expe-
rience dropped out of the program, and the em-
phasis came to be on things ecclesiastical rather
than on things experimental. It was to re-intro-
duce this spiritual note that Bishop Joyce insti-
tuted Pentecostal meetings at his Conferences, usu-
ally held in the afternoon, when the Bishop and
his cabinet were busy. But sometimes they were
held at other hours. It was, of course, because
he could not be there in person to direct the work
that the Bishop took with him such brethren as
Dr. Keen and Mr. Dunham to lead the work.
Rev. Ira C. Cartwright, of our Mission in
Mexico, told in the Central Christian Advocate
how, on one occasion at least. Bishop Joyce intro-
duced a Pentecostal service into the midst of the
business session of the Conference :
"One day Bishop Joyce stopped in the midst
of the work of the day and said, ^Brethren, let us
put aside for a time the temporal things, and talk
of Jesus and His love.' Then in a personally con-
ducted excursion he took us all and sat down with
us at Jesus' feet. O, what a love-feast it was ! I
dare not ventiure to describe it."
Rev. E. S. Dunham, who was associated with
Bishop Joyce in this work at forty-three Confer-
ences, writes concerning him:
His Religious Experience. 213
"His anxiety for the spirituality of the Church,
especially for the young men of the ministry, was
so great as to cost him seasons of deep depression
of soul. He was often with Jesus in Grethsemane
with a heart of anguish. Going to his room on
a Sunday morning, we found him under an unusual
depression. He said : 'To-day I will lay my hands
on the heads of two large classes of young men for
ordination, and I will urge them to receive the Holy
Ghost. O, that they would receive Him! But I
fear that they will not, but will go out to be pro-
fessional preachers and not soul winners.'
*'In this latter respect he was always an object
lesson to the ministry. Never did he fail, on Con-
ference Sunday, after lifting his congregation
heavenward, to puU his net with from fifty to one
hundred or more weeping souls on their feet for
prayers. One of his most effective sermons, never
to be forgotten by its hearers, was *Peter the Fish-
erman.' (Luke V, 4.) 'Launch out into the deep
and let down your nets for a draught.' His vivid
description of Peter's sinking boat, full of fish in
an unfruitful place, — ^and its climax, that Grod is
always 'a good paymaster, for He paid Peter well
for the use of his boat, and He will pay you in
your hard field if you will take the Master with
you,' sent a thrill of hope to many a discouraged
preacher's heart, and brought to him many per-
sonal letters reporting revivals in the most un-
likely fields. I could narrate many beautiful inci-
dents of remarkable conversions on these occasions,
as the result of his masterful sermons on Confer-
ence Sunday, but space forbids.
^^His desire, often expressed, was that he might
814 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
be taken to heaven from the pulpit, while in one
of his *holy gales of glory.' God answered his
prayer, for he heard the summons while preaching
a holiness sermon in a Pentecostal camp-meeting.
He lives still in the hearts of the many thousands
whom he helped to see Jesus. He was a Boanerges,
with the soul-winning art of ApoUos."
Concerning the camp-meeting at Red Rock,
Minnesota, where Bishop Joyce was stricken down,
the Pentecostal Herald says:
"Our beloved Bishop Joyce had graced the
meeting for several days. Iliere was not a more
humble, interested listener than he. Smiles broke
over his face, tears coursed down his cheeks, praises
broke from his lips, as the Word was preached by
one and another. He had not preached — we were
saving him for Sunday, when he was to preach
in the morning."
The same paper says that at a meeting of the
Minnesota State Holiness Association, held a few
days before his death, Bishop Joyce said:
**When I am resting under the flowers I want
it told as a memorial that I had this blessing of
entire sanctification as a work of grace by faith
in the blood of Christ, subsequent to regeneration."
No one who knew Bishop Joyce will need to
be informed that his teaching of the experience
of holiness was not controversial or censorious, but
His Religious Experience. 215
loving and persuasive. It was perfect love and
the Spirit's indwelling that he dwelt on. The
spirit with which he approached the subject and
approached men concerning the deeper things of
the religious life was Fletcher-like in its tender-
ness and love.
It was probably because he was never a didac-
tic preacher on any theme that he presented but
little the doctrinal phases of this experience. His
was rather the ministry of exhortation, inspiration,
Mrs. Jennie Fowler Willing wrote to an East-
em paper as f oUows concerning an interview with
"I met him one day in a Cincinnati restaurant,
and while we stopped for a word I told him how
I rejoiced over his wonderful revival services dur-
ing the session of the North Indiana Conference.
'Yes,' he replied, Hhey were wonderful. I've
learned the secret.' *I wish you would explain it
to me,' I replied. *0f all things in the world, I
most want to know how to secure the outpouring
of the Spirit upon the people.' *It is nothing
more nor less,' he said, *than absolute dependence
on the Holy Spirit.' "
As illustrating the large place which the sense
of God's presence had not only in his preaching,
but in his administrative work, we introduce this
216 Life of Isaac Wibon Joyce.
letter from a prominent member of the Newark
Conference, Dr. A. H. Tuttle:
"The last time I conversed with him (Bishop
Joyce), was when he presided over the Newark
Conference in Elizabeth, New Jersey. He called
me to his office, and held me there for more than
an hour talking about personal religion. Many
committees were waiting outside; but he held me
fast, saying, *I need this heavenly tonic to fit me
for the work these men are bringing to me.' *'
Administration in the power of the Holy
Spirit! What a lesson for the eighteen thousand
p€istors of Methodism! If we entered every Offi-
cial Board meeting and every committee meeting
**in the Spirit," what irritations and misunder-
standings would be avoided, and how infinitely
smoother would move the machinery of the Church,
the operation of which now wears out so much of
the vital force of preachers and lay leaders !
Of this same interview Dr. Tuttle writes :
"I was especially impressed with Bishop Joyce's
depreciation of himself. He told me how hmnili-
ated he had felt when he last preached at Ocean
Grove. It so happened that only the day before
I had been talking with one of our young preach-
ers about his ideals when he said to me: ^I had
been a long while asking God to give me the true
conception of the way I should preach. I went to
Ocean Grove and heard many sermons, but felt
His Religious Experience. ^Vl
that none approached my ideal, till at last Bishop
Joyce preached. It was a sermon simple in its
outline, but filled with argument and illustration
that came from a master mind. The language was
luminous, the manner fervent, and above all else
the spirit was of God. The effect on the congre-
gation and on myself was overpowering. Grod had
answered my prayer. I hastened to the platform
to thank the Bishop, when I saw him look over the
retiring multitude, the tears raining down his
cheeks. He lifted his hands over them as if in
benediction, and said, ^'O that I knew how to
preach this great gospel P' ' *'
Dr. Tuttle goes on to say:
"I told the Bishop of this interview and inci-
dent. His eyes flooded and he said: 'How dare I
mistrust Him when He has given us such a gospel
and has commissioned us to go preach it! How-
ever feeble the preacher, the power of the gospel
is sure to be felt.' That was Bishop Joyce. What
he was and what he did can be explained only by
the fact that he believed the Gospel of Christ as
the power of God unto salvation to every one that
It would be an imperfect delineation of relig-
ious experience if we were to confine it to a de-
scription of inner enjoyment, or any inner exer-
cises whatever, however genuine and important
these may be. It is the effect of these in the
ethical realm that we must account of greatest
218 Life of Isaac WUion Joyce.
importance. This phase of his religious life pro-
foundly impressed those who had the opportunity
of close observation. We have seen him under the
most trying circumstances, where clashing interests
made his position one of the greatest difficulty and
delicacy, and where officious and unreasonable men
must have tried him to the uttermost, and yet there
was no departure from the steadiness and kindness
and calnmess which characterized him in the less
strenuous hours. This is the more notable from
the fact that his natural temperament was vol-
canic. Nature's carbon had by abounding grace
been transformed into diamond.
Bishop Groodsell in Zion*s Herald illuminates
this phase of Bishop Joyce's character:
*'My heart is heavy because of the death of
Bishop Joyce. Elected by the same General Con-
ference, our friendship began with the day of our
election when we prayed together for grace for
our work. For seventeen years his acquaintance
has been both inspiring and delightful to me. He
was a holy man, pure in speech and right in con-
duct. His conscience was rightly tutored, and took
cognizance of aU his powers. There was no part
of him which was not under control. Naturally
quick-tempered, he could be silent under provoca-
tion when few could resist a strong sentence. He
under-rated the grace that was in him when he told
me that he was silent when tried, because if he
began to speak it set him on fire; or, as he put it.
His Religkms Experience, 219
with a twinkle in his eye, *It stirred up the Irish
in him.' In all these seventeen years of intimacy
I recall nothing unworthy in him of the Christian
gentleman and bishop. He differed without anger,
debated without heat, and estimated without de-
preciation or the slightest sign of jealousy or envy.
He praised warmly, and was cold and critical only
to himself. . . . He said more than once (to his
brother bishops) with a holy joy to which he had
a right: *My dear colleagues, you are all more
gifted in many ways than I. But God gives me
something, too: He gives me access to souls. In
every Conference some are converted.' . . . He
was a very brave man, not only in meeting physical
peril, but in administration. He did not let wrong
things stay because it was easy, nor wrong men
remain in power for fear of raising enemies. He
would be the last to claim freedom from mistakes.
He told me he felt he had made some in Eastern
administration ; but no one doubted that these were
due to imperfect knowledge of Eastern conditions
and not to self-will.'*
Rare indeed is it to have such a cluster of
ethical qualities in one life. Courage, to the point
of self-sacrifice ; humility, accounting others better
than himself ; patience, bearing all things and hop-
ing all things; purity, transparent whiteness of
soul; and love, abounding love toward Grod and
men. "Granite base, fluted column, and lily-work
at the top," a columnar character, "polished after
the similitude of a palace."
A Beautifui* Home Life.
BISHOP JOYCE was greatly blessed in his
home life. On the twentieth of March,
1861, he married Miss Caroline Walker
Bosserman, of Laporte, Indiana. It was a most
happy union. To rare personal graces his com-
panion added a devotion to the work of the Master
that made the young minister and his wife one
in the completest sense. AU through the years of
his ministry this devotion never flagged. She was
his helper and consoler always. In every pastorate
the people bore testimony to her noble Christian
character and to her charm as a woman.
It is scarcely possible to over-estimate the in-
fluence of the minister's wife in making or un-
making the preacher's success. The home life of
Bishop Joyce was a constant source of inspiration
to him. And his home was more — it was what Gk)d
designed every minister's home should be, a model
to the people of the communities where they lived.
On the occasion of receiving their own por-
traits from tlie members of St. Paul Church in
A Beautiftd Home Life. 221
Cincinnati, Dr. Joyce said, in semi-humorous vein :
**Twenty-two years ago I asked the lady at my
side if she would become the wife of a Methodist
preacher, with the prospect of moving once a year.
If she could say *Yes' to that proposition it was
a bargain. She did say *Yes,' and neither of us
has ever regretted our decision."
We think that ministers will generally affirm
that the wives of preachers have the heavier end
of the yoke. They have to stay at home when
their husbands are away on the long circuit trips.
The burden of the absolutely necessary economies
falls upon them. And of all Methodist ministers
the bishops have to be away from home most, and
their wives have most reason to suffer from lone-
liness. We do not believe the Church in general
understands how much of sacrifice the office of
general superintendent in Methodism entails, es-
pecially upon the wives of the bishops, the hus-
bands being away months at a time.
Mrs. Joyce bore the enforced absences uncom-
plainingly, accepting them as a part of the burden
of service for God. At those times when the
Bishop came home utterly wearied in mind and
body, and oppressed with the burdens of the
Churches, and would say, "O, I wish I could go
to sleep and never have to awaken," it was his
wife who soothed and comforted him.
222 Life of Isaac WUsan Joyce.
Two sons were bom to them. One of them,
their second child, Wilbur, died in infancy. Their
first child, Frank Melville, grew to manhood, and
became an honor and source of great comfort to
them. During his college days at Greencastle,
Indiana, this son organized and drilled the cham-
pion college military company of the country. It
bore the name of "The Asbury Cadets," and at
the national tournament at Indianapolis, Indiana,
in 1882, in competition with companies from cities
and colleges all over America, it won third prize.
While the Artillery Company from Asbury Uni-
versity, also organized and led by Captain Frank
Joyce, won first prize over all competitors. Well
does the writer recall the exultant pride with which
we undergraduates at the college received the news
of these great victories. This son afterwards arose
to high rank in the business circles of Cincinnati
and Minneapolis, where his home now is. It was
in his home that Bishop Joyce died, and with him
the widow of the Bishop now resides.
During the pastorate at Greencastle Bishop
Joyce's sister died, and left a son, Melville, whom
Dr. and Mrs. Joyce adopted and reared. This
son on reaching manhood married, and makes his
home in Cincinnati.
Three and a half years before the Bishop's
death they had moved into their new home. And
A Beautiful Home Life. 223
on New- Year's day, 190S, Bishop Joyce drew up
the following paper, in gratitude to God and in
token of their love to Colonel Joyce, and all the
members of the household signed it:
"We wish to say that we regard it as a great
privilege as well as a blessing and joy to be able
to sit under our own vine and fig-tree in this our
new home, and together eat our bountiful dinner
on this the first day of the new year, 1902. Surely
our lines have fallen to us in pleasant places, and
we have a goodly heritage. The Lord our Heav-
enly Father has been, and continues to be exceed-
ingly kind and gracious to us, filling our home
with plenty, and also filling our hearts and lives
with a great gladness and supreme joy. We recog-
nize His hand in aU the blessings we this day have,
and without hesitation or distrust or misgivings,
trust Him for His guidance and blessings through
the year upon which we now enter, and will do the
same through the years He may in His blessed
kindness give and allow us to live. And we not
only thank Him, but we anew surrender our lives to
Him, and pledge Him our unwavering love and
faithful and loyal devotion and obedience so long
as we shall live. And we not only give our lives
anew to be His, but we dedicate this our new and
beautiful home to Him, and ask Him as our Father,
and His Son Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior,
and the blessed Holy Spirit, to fill our home with
their presence, and thus make that sacred Presence
an abiding blessing in our home, keeping us all in
health and strength and joy fulness of spirit, glad
224 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
to serve each other, and also be a blessing to all
who may come within this our home.
**We wish here to express our great and hearty
appreciation of the love and devotion, and service
and patience, and skill and labor, of our beloved
son, husband, father and grandson, Frank Melville
Joyce. Without his loving sacrifice and devotion,
and constant care and vigilance, we never would
have had this our comfortable and tasteful home;
and with aU our hearts we here and now, one and
all, thank him for this wonderful service which he
has rendered us. Therefore be it
**Resolvedy That we present our beloved Frank
with a copy of this paper, with our names attached
to the same, as a testimony of our abiding love,
affection, and devotion to him, ever praying that
Grod through Jesus Christ our Lord, and by the
blessing of the Holy Spirit, may keep us all in
the riches and comforts and peace and joys of His
inexhaustible and endless love.
Isaac W. Joyce,
Carrie W. Jotce,
Jessie B. Joyce,
Arthur R. Joyce,
Wilbur B. Joyce,
Mrs. May A. Ervin
(Bishop Joyce's mother)."
We should go far before finding a more beau-
tiful home picture than this, both in the tender-
ness of the mutual love between the members of
A Beautiful Home Life. 226
the households of father and son, and in the full
recognition, the loving and glad confession, of the
love of God in it all.
This paper, drawn up by Bishop Joyce and
signed by four generations represented in the
home, might well become a model and inspiration
for every Christian home in the land. When we
remember that in this beautiful home much of the
time Chinese girls were admitted while receiving an
education to iSt them for carrying the emancipating
gospel of Jesus back to their country-women, it is
a touching indication of the completeness with
which this home of culture and reiSnement was dedi-
cated to the service of Jesus Christ.
And when Bishop Joyce came down to the hour
of death, the precious wife who had gone uncom-
plainingly with him to the hardest Indiana circuits,
and shared his labors in the city pastorates, and
had been at his side in his travels in foreign lands
for years at a time, was still at his side, the same
loving, devoted helpmate she had ever been. No
touch was so soft as hers. No hand could answer
to his wants with such deftness and tenderness.
And the eyes of the sufferer looked the love and
gratitude which his stricken lips could not utter:
** When pain and anguish wring the brow,
A ministering angel thou I"
226 Life of Uanc Wilson Joyce.
And it was she who went with him as far down
into the ^Sralley of the shadow" as it is permitted
one soul to accompany another, and repeated for
him on the verge of Jordan the song:
"What is this that steals upon my frame?
Is it death, is it death?
That soon will quench this vital flame?
Is it death, is it death?
If this be death I soon shall be
From every pain and sorrow free ;
I shall the King of glory see !
All is well ; all is well !
Weep not, my friends, weep not for me ;
All is well; all is well!
My sins are pardoned, I am free ;
There 's not a cloud that doth arise
To hid the Savior from my eyes ;
I soon shall mount the upper skies ;
All is well ; all is well I
Tune, tune your harps, ye saints in glory,
All is well ; all is well I
I will rehearse the pleasing story,
All is well ; all is well I
Bright angels are from glory come.
They 're round my bed, they 're in my room.
They wait to waft my spirit home.
All is well; aUisweUI"
The Last Dats.
THE last day or so of June and first two
days of July, 1905, Bishop Joyce spent
at the Red Rock camp-meeting, in Min-
nesota. The camp ground is an old one, and is
located on the bank of the Mississippi River, a
few miles below St. Paul.
On Sunday morning, July 2d, Bishop Joyce
arose to preach. As a Scripture lesson he read
the third chapter of Ephesians. The audience ob-
served that he was deeply moved during the read-
ing. When he came to the eighth verse he was
quite overcome and had to stop several seconds to
recover himself. The verse reads, "Unto me, who
am less than the least of all saints was this grace
given, to preach among the Gentiles the unsearch-
able riches of Christ.'* The theme of the sermon
was, "The Power and Ultimate Triumph of the
Gospel of Christ." The Rev. Henry C. Morrison,
of Louisville, Ky., who was on the platform, de-
scribes the scene as follows:
**His sermon was one of great power of thought
and unusual unction in delivery. Just before he
228 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
fell he said : ^They say I am growing old ; and not
long since I found a photograph of myself taken
some thirty years ago. I placed it alongside of
my face and looked in a mirror. I could not rec-
ognize the face and the picture as being that of
the same man. I realized that I was growing old,
but, friends, I did not feel the one-thousandth of a
particle of sorrow, for this book' — ^pointing to the
Bible — *tells me I am inmiortal. I shall live for-
ever.' I noticed him stagger, but he righted up.
I was sitting in a chair almost in front. I moved
my chair to the side of the pulpit, and very near,
fearing he was going to break down. But he spoke
on, clear in thought, but with thickening voice,
and W€is saying : *I have preached this blessed Gk)s-
pel in almost every country under the sun, and
everywhere it has the same blessed effect upon men
that it has here at Red Rock.' He gave way, and
I leaped forward from his left and Brother J. M.
Harris from his right, and we caught him in our
arms. Instantly a number of preachers surrounded
him, and a large chair was placed behind him, in
which he sat for a few moments. He said: *I will
be all right directly, and want to finish my ser-
mon.' Some one gave him water, and after a few
moments he arose to preach. Rev. Brother Brown,
pastor at Mankato, standing by him, and sup-
porting him with his arm. *None of you know
what labor I have gone through, and if it is God's
will that I go now, I would as soon go from here
as anywhere.' We all (including Mrs. Joyce)
entreated him not to attempt to preach further.
It was plain that his right arm and lower limb
The Last Days.
were paralyzed. He was placed in the chair and
borne to his room.
**The great audience remained perfectly quiet,
and scores of people were weeping. I said to
them: ^I want all of you, Christians and sinners,
in the Church and out of it, who feel within your
hearts after this sermon and this scene that you
will give your hearts to Grod, and live more devout
and consecrated lives to stand.' It seemed that
everybody present arose. At the two succeeding
services of the day we had sixty-five professions of
As the Bishop was being borne from the plat-
form to his cottage he said : "If this is God's time
and God's way, I am ready."
The next day Bishop Joyce was removed to
the family residence in Minneapolis. For four
weeks he lingered, while his friends alternated be-
tween hope and despair. The story of that period
is vividly delineated by the pastor of the family.
Dr. Fayette L. Thompson, of the Hennepin Ave-
nue Church, in the Northwestern Christian Ad-
**The concluding four weeks of helplessness in
the life of Bishop Joyce are not less remarkable
than the wonderful years of his vigorous health.
The stately family home at 810 Groveland Ave-
nue, Minneapolis, offered every facility for his
most perfect care. The trained nurse, herself a
Christian product of our own Asbury Hospital in
230 Life of Iscuic Wilson Joyce, .
which for all the years of his residence among us
the bishop has been so deeply interested, could not
have surpassed her devotions had the sufferer been
her father. The bishop's son, Colonel Frank M.
Joyce, and his devoted wife, with utter self-f orget-
fulness night and day, ministered as utmost love
alone can to every expressed or imagined desire.
The beauty and charm of the affections manifest
during those days can never be fully appreciated
by the outside world, and are far too sacred to
permit any verbal expression. The well known
pride of the bishop in his only son and beautiful
family, and his intense affection for each one of
them, seemed to be greatly accentuated during
these days, and he was not satisfied unless one or
more of them were constantly with him.
**For the first week he evidently alternated in
his own mind between the strong expectation of
recovery and an appreciation of his hopelessness.
After the first shock had somewhat passed, for a
few days some slight control over his helpless side
appeared to be returning. So much so, that one
morning with boyish glee and the old, familiar
twinkle in his eye, running his hand fondly
through his son's hair and proudly swinging,
slightly, his helpless limb, he said, *We'll fool
"Somewhat later as his physician was leaving
his side, he seized hold of his own shriveled cheek
with his well hand and looked with a peculiarly
penetrating gaze at his doctor as much as to say,
*Can you help me?' The physician strove to ig-
nore the manifest question, but with a touch of
his old, splendid imperiousness the bishop looked
The Last Days. 231
the more intently as though demanding an answer.
At last, with quivering lips, the physician slowly
shook his head. The bishop turned quickly on
his pillow to hide his emotion, while the physician,
with tears streaming down his cheeks, left the
room. From that hour the great soul seemed to
accept the inevitable.
**Upon entering the room after a day or two
of absence, this writer was greeted with a distinct
smile and a slight nod of the head. With the
hand over which he had control the bishop indi-
cated the opposite side of the bed. When coming
close to the bedside, with a vigorous up and down
motion of the hand he distinctly articulated the
one word *pray.' We all understood him to sug-
gest prayer, and knelt about his bed. During the
prayer, by frequent pressure of his hands tightly
clasped in those of the visitor, he expressed his
approval of the individual petitions as intelligently
and appreciatively as though in perfect health.
"A little later he hummed tlu-ough a four-line
stanza of some hymn. It is quite impossible to
be positive to the degree of certainty, but those
who heard it and who knew his great fondness for
the hymn are entirely sure that he was singing as
his death song:
" * There's a wideness in God's mercy,
Like the wideness of the sea ;
There 's a kindness in His justice,
Which is more than liberty.'
"The entire last day was a never-to-be-forgot-
ten period. From early morning throughout the
whole day there was a supematuralness about his
282 Ufe of Isaac WUion Joyce.
room. The face of the sufferer was like some rare
old porcelain with a light behind it. He was con-
stantly looking intently upward, his lips moving,
and he seemed in perpetual converse with an
unseen presence. None there will ever doubt that
he saw unseen things that day, and talked with
"Shortly after midnight it was seen that the
end was drawing on. With finger on his pulse
the physician said, *It can not be long now.'
Every heart was tense to the breaking point; but
she who was henceforth to walk alone seemed
wondrously strengthened. After a moment, in
quiet, yet bell-like tones, Mrs. Joyce said, *If he
could speak now I am sure he would say' — and
then she repeated in the same even tones the lines
from the hymn:
" ' What is this that steals upon my frame?
Is it death? Is it death?'
**The spiritual effect of the entire scene baffles
description. In a few brief moments it was well,
"Throughout all these hours one, more than
all others, perpetually amazed everybody by her
poise and self-control. One who more than all
others suffered, yet was most composed of all. At
Red Rock at the first, tlirough the long nights of
waiting, in the crisis hours, in all the sad prepa-
rations for the services, at the last and always the
same splendid resignation, she put us all to shame.
Naught save a superlative character, re-enforced
and glorified by the matchless fullness of divine
grace, could thus "suffer and be strong.*'
The Last Days.
"Unexpected and heart-breaking affliction re-
reals instantly and inevitably the real fiber of home
life. The writer was in and out of this home at
all hours of the night and day, probably more
frequently than any save the family physician.
The house was a temple. The place was holy
ground. Utter and crushing sadness was in every
heart, on every face, but trust in God, reliance
upon heaven, a holy calm and strength such as only
long years of godly fellowships can make possible,
were there also. If the atmosphere of that home
during these trying days could be expressed in a
language intelligible to mankind, it would afford
a demonstration of Christian realities incompar-
ably above any of the arguments in the books.
"Perhaps the final touch of glory came when,
under a spreading canopy at Lakewood, with
banks of flowers about him, the dust of the great
servant of the Church was left to rest beneath the
lilies he loved so well. From that spot in holy
awe the sympathetic company turned away,
touched by his immortal presence, into an honest
purpose to live something of his life among men.
Will one be misunderstood in saying that the heart-
aches were well nigh lost in holy exultations, and
that both tears and hallelujahs were in many
That death did not come to Bishop Joyce an
unconsidered guest is indicated by some verses they
found among his later papers after his death:
234 Life of Isaac WUsan Joyce.
** O think, to step ashore, and that shore, Heaven I
To take hold of a hand, and that, God's hand I
To breathe a new air, and that Celestial air I
To feel invigorated, and know it Immortality I
O think I To pass from the storm and tempest
To one unbroken smile —
To awake and find it Glory I"
The funeral was held Monday, July Slst.
Brief services at the house in the morning were con-
ducted by Dr. Fayette L. Thompson, pastor of
Hennepin Avenue Church. The body of Bishop
Joyce, escorted by a delegation of official mem-
bers of the various Methodist Churches of the city,
reached Wesley Church at about 18.40 P. M. It
was there received by the Methodist ministers of
St. Paul and Minneapolis and adjoining Confer-
ences. The body lay in state until 2.80 P. M.,
with a guard of honor consisting of the presiding
elders of the Minnesota and Northern Minnesota
Conferences, and Dr. P. A. Cool, pastor of Fowler
Church, Minneapolis, and Dr. H. V. Givler, pastor
of First Church, St. Paul, Minn.
The services at Wesley Church were in charge
of Dr. Thompson, assisted by Dr. L. T. Guild,
pastor of the Church, Bishop W. F. McDowell,
President George H. Bridgeman, of Hamline Uni-
versity; Dr. W. B. Riley, of the First Baptist
Church; Dr. W. H. Jordan, pastor of the First
Methodist Episcopal Church, and Dr. F. M. Rule,
The Last Days. 236
presiding elder of the St. Paul District. The
services were conducted without music, but the fa-
vorite hymns of Bishop Joyce were read by a num-
ber of the ministers. The main addresses were
delivered by Bishop Walden and Bishop Berry.
Bishop Merrill made a brief, touching talk. The
pallbearers were the ministers who carried Bishop
Joyce to the depot at Red Rock the day he was
The following were the addresses delivered by
Bishops Berry and Walden:
BISHOP JOSEPH F. BEBKY, BUFFAIiO, N. T.
^^It seems not much longer ago than yesterday
that the bishops closed their semi-annual meeting
at Louisville, grasped hands in affectionate fare-
well, and went out to another six months of toil.
Bishop Joyce had been entertained at a private
home, but on that closing day he came down to
the hotel and took dinner with us. He looked very
tired, and I remarked as much to him. He look^
up at me with his charming smile and said: *Yes,
but I am going to have a long rest.' He meant
a long rest at his home in Minneapolis, surrounded
by his family and friends. He did not know — ^we
did not know — that a longer and more exhilarating
rest was just ahead, a rest amid the glories of the
"I make no attempt at formal discourse, but
286 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
speak out of my heart a simple tribute to the
memory of one whom I loved as I have loved few
men. If there should be overmuch of the personal
element in what I shall say, you must pardon me;
I can not speak in any other way.
"I have been acquainted with Bishop Joyce
since 1888. I have knovm and loved him only since
"I will never forget the morning, at the close
of the General Conference, at Chicago, when he
came into the editorial rooms of the Epworfh
Herald and announced to me that he had just been
chosen by his colleagues to be president of the
Epworth League. We spent two hours in con-
ference and prayer for the League, which bore
rich fruit during that quadrennium. That inter-
view, with its earnest planning and praying, was
the beginning of five years of most precious inti-
"As I have been thinking for the past day or
two about my glorified friend, certain traits of his
character have stood out conspicuously, and I must
mention them to you:
"First, our friend was an exceedingly sensitive
man. To those who knew him only superficially
this statement will seem strange, but it was more
true of Bishop Joyce than of any public man I
have known. When he was misunderstood it was a
wound in his soul. Criticism cut him to the quick.
He craved the appreciation of his friends. He
coveted sympathy. A word of honest praise when
he had done some splendid service was as ^oint-
ment poured forth.' It is not often that a man
of such rugged strength, such courage, such
The Last Days. 237
tenacity of purpose, such abounding enthusiasm,
had also such delicacy of feeling, such sensitiveness,
heartstrings that were made to moan or sing by
the slightest zephyrs which blew upon them. But
such was the combination in the character of our
**Second, this friend was absolute and undying
in his friendships. What a lover he was! To a
man he trusted he gave his whole heart. He would
brave any criticism, much as he disliked it, make
any sacrifice, endure any toil, take any risks which
might seem necessary, to serve the man he loved.
He may at times have been imposed upon by those
who were unworthy of his confidence. His own
heart was so pure that he thought all others pure.
His motives were so free from selfishness that it
was difficult for him to discern selfishness in others.
And even when his eyes were opened to the truth,
how slow he was to close his heart to one who
had once been admitted there ! What finer trait is
there than loyalty to one's friendships? And what
blacker thing is there than to accept the confi-
dence of another and then betray that confidence?
The friendships of Isaac W. Joyce were never
based on self-interest.
"Then Bishop Joyce was essentially demo-
cratic. He was a plain man. He loved the plain
people. Wealth, station, social pretense, civic or
ecclesiastical position — ^these counted for nothing
with him. Many of his closest friends were very
poor. The plain circuit preacher had in him a
brother. He would as soon accept entertainment
in a hovel as in a palace. He was especially kind
to those who had nothing to give in return but
238 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
their love. A storm of indignation was raised in
a Tennessee town some years ago because Bishop
Joyce accepted the hospitality of a colored fam-
ily while he was serving his Church in that com-
munity. He did not go to that humble home
because he desired to provoke comment. He did
not willingly invite the protest. He went there
because he was invited, and because to accept the
hospitality of the family seemed to him the most
natural and proper thing in the world. He hated
social caste, and assumptions of superiority be-
cause of wealth or name aroused his hot indigna-
tion. He was a common man and loved common
^^Then, the bishop was an intense missionary.
The spirit of the propaganda was in his blood.
He yearned for the salvation of the unsaved. Like
his Master, he had compassion on the multitude.
His sermons, his prayers, his conversation and
his correspondence were all surcharged with an
undying solicitude for the perishing. There was
no spot on earth that he loved quite so well as the
glowing altar of revival. No song was quite so
sweet to his ears as that which sounded out as some
seeking soul came into the light. No bishop of the
Methodist Episcopal Church ever came home from a
foreign field more absolutely in love with his field
than Bishop Joyce when he came home from China.
How he loved those brainy, awakening people!
What pictures he painted of their redemption!
No guests were so welcome in his home as re-
turned missionaries. He used to say in speaking
to his Conferences or at missionary meetings that
he would rather be doing service in China than
The Last Days. 239
anywhere else on earth, and that he would rather
go to heaven, like Bishop Wiley, from that land
than from any other spot on earth. His wife used
sometimes to call his attention to the utterance
which some persons thought extravagant, and re-
minded him that at his age it could not be true
that he would rather be in China. To this he
would reply : *I mean just what I say ; I mean ju^t
what I say.*
**A11 will agree that Bishop Joyce was one of
the most popular and effective preachers of his
day. He was not at his best in a short and in-
formal address. His greatest efforts were sermons
he preached at the Conferences or upon special oc-
casions. As a pastor in Indiana and in Cincinnati
he was immensely popular. To sustain himself
for eight years in practically the same territory,
as he did in Cincinnati, was evidence of unusual
intellectual and oratorical power. No Methodist
preacher ever made such a profound impression
upon that city as did Bishop Joyce. What re-
vivals God gave him there! From the beginning
he was a flaming evangelist. Our evangelist-bishop
**I heard him preach perhaps twenty times.
Two sermons stand high above the others. One
was the sermon delivered at our Epworth League
convention at San Francisco. For an hour and
a quarter he held that mighty host by the spell
of his fervid eloquence. Though he spoke to
nearly ten thousand people, his voice rang out
clear and sweet, and marvelous in its winsomeness
to the very close. In all parts of the country I
meet persons who heard that sermon, and it lingers
240 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
in the memory as a benediction. But, judged by
its effect, the sermon Bishop Joyce preached at
the Rock River Conference at Dixon was still
mightier. "Launch out into the deep*' was his
text. There were two climaxes which were simply
tremendous, over-mastering. The congregation
was melted, uplifted and swayed as the storm
moves the tree-tops of the forest. What a day
it was ! The waves of holy joy rolled higher and
higher until nearly midnight, and scores were
either converted or lifted into an enlarged spiritual
*^But at the basis of all this great life and
far-reaching usefulness was the utter consecration
which our leader had made to God. He believed
in the Bible utterly. He was not troubled by
doubt. He was gloriously converted. He never
discredited for a moment his personal experience.
He gripped with a grip of steel all the great
verities of religion. Skepticism never neutralized
his power. He believed in an uttermost salvation.
"I was disappointed two weeks ago when I
visited his bedside that he could not talk to me.
I wanted to hear his familiar voice again. As he
lies before us to-day he is still. We can not hear
him speak. Yes, we can ! Yes, we can ! *He being
dead yet speaketh.' And what does he say? Our
translated leader, enthroned among the blood-
washed throng, says to his colleagues of the Epis-
copal Board, to the editors of our Methodist press,
to the secretaries of our benevolent organizations,
to our pastors in this and in other lands, to our
great membership everywhere: ^Be true to God;
be true to the Bible; be true to the Pauline doc-
The Last Days. 241
trine of an uttermost salvation; be true to the
tmditions of the fathers ; accept the whole Gospel ;
have faith in your mission, and press on to the
conquest of the whole wide world."
**BISHOP JOHN M. WAIiDEN, CINCINNATI, O.
**It was by mutual request that Bishop Joyce
and I were entertained together in the same home
during the last Conference of the Bishops in Louis-
ville. Those were precious days, and all the more
precious to me now. Our associations in the past,
and my presence to-day would lead me to be one
of the family here instead of where I stand. But,
looking forward to this moment, I felt I could not,
although I seldom use manuscript — I felt I could
not say what I desire to say without having the
matter before me.
Bishop Joyce and I became acquainted during
the Northwest Indiana Conference in 1870, nearly
thirty-five years ago. He was closing his first year
as presiding elder, having been appointed by
Bishop Clark the year before, when he had been
a full member of the Conference only eight years.
His early promotion caused a critical concern with
some, but the hearty sympathy and interest of
others. I did not know at that time that his birth-
place was only two miles from where I was a
boy. By this same bishop's suggestion I had been
appointed to Cincinnati when I had been a full
member of the Conference only seven years, a coin-
cidence in our experience which may have had
much to do with the beginning of our friendship.
242 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
I learned from Bishop Simpson that young Joyce
had his work well in hand and that his colleagues
respected his coimsel. During the first decade,
when he was received on probation, his work was
such that he was then appointed presiding elder.
Bishop Clark selected him for the position, because
the character of his work arrested the bishop's at-
tention and commanded his confidence.
**At the close of a successful term on that dis-
trict he was appointed to Lafayette, a station
where, as pastor and as presiding elder, he was
well known. It was one of the first important
churches he was called upon to serve, and he spent
ten years at Lafayette as pastor and presiding
dder. His next pastoral term was in the church
at Greencastle. Here his kindly life had a great
influence upon the students. He found no reason
to modify the evangelistic character of his preach-
ing. At the close of this pastorate in 1879 his
Conference elected him as a delegate to the Gren-
eral Conference. In 1880 he became pastor of
St. Paul Church in Cincinnati. The Church had
been served by pastors known throughout the whole
connection, and the bishops and the Church rep-
resentatives were all concerned about the choice to
be made. Bishop Peck appointed him in 1880, and
at the close of 1883 he was appointed to Trinity,
and after three years he was returned to St. Paul,
where he served until he was elected bishop in
1888. His pastoral service in these two churches
covered a period of seven years and eight months.
When he came to Cincinnati as pastor there was a
discouraging debt on each of these two churches.
He used ordinary means to interest the people of
The Last Days. 243
the churchy but he was insistent in impressing upon
the officers of the church and Sunday-school the
need of a great revival. He saw the necessity of a
revival for the upbuilding of the church. This is
his own record as stated in that memorial to Bishop
Wiley: *During my first pastorate at St. Paul
Grod blessed his people with a revival of religion
which continued three months.' He preached to
relatively large congregations; he had revivals
during each of the pastorates such as have not
been witnessed in Cincinnati in a generation. There
was an increase of membership in each church and
full payment was made of the debts. This means
ability in the pulpit, an evangelistic spirit, a faith-
ful performance of pastoral duties, a practical
leadership in temporal as well as in spiritual af-
frairs of the church. He brought into his Epis-
copal work the evangelistic spirit which was char-
acteristic of his pastorate. He prepared his ser-
mons not only with the desire to interest his con-
gregations, but also with the view that his hearers
might be led to the all-important decision. Many
years ago in a mountain village in North Caro-
lina, where Bishop Simpson and I were keeping
watchnight, he told me that he attributed much of
his success to his intense desire to bring his hearers
to an immediate decision.
"During his residence at Chattanooga he was
an inspiration in the encouragement of our strug-
gling churches in the South. A little after he had
taken up his Episcopal duties at Chattanooga,
owing to some peculiar conditions that arose at
that time, he was elected Chancellor of Grant Uni-
versity. His time was fully occupied with his
244 Life of Isodic WUson Joyce.
Episcopal duties, yet for fiv^ years he held that
position to the greatest advantage.
**His wisdom and the element of leadership
were made prominent in the most delicate duty a
bishop is called upon to perform, and that is in
fixing the appointments of the preachers. In the
discharge of this duty Bishop Joyce was able to
render much valuable service, but he came to this
duty with a brother's heartj-and yet with a leader's
conviction. He understood and sympathized with
the preacher and his family, yet he never failed
to recognize the material and spiritual welfare of
the Church. He was devoted as any father could
be, but when firmness was needed he was inunov-
"His work as bishop was done faithfully and
well; no one could become more deeply interested
in the work and carry it forward in a more advan-
tageous way. Perhaps the most important work
he did was in foreign fields, and no other foreign
field interested him quite as much as China and
its old and quaint civilization. Bishop Joyce in
seventeen years has done more work in foreign
fields than any other bishop in the episcopacy
except myself. In 1898 he held twelve Con-
ferences in Continental Europe; he had charge of
Mexico in 1895 and thoroughly visited that work;
in 1896-7 he had charge of China, Korea and
Japan and spent two consecutive years there, and
he was the first to make the toilsome trip to the
West China mission. His last foreign visit was
to South America in 1903 and 1904. He went
down one side of the coast and returned on the
other side, visiting every part of the field. He
The Last Days. 245
was vitally interested in every part of our foreign
work. He was careful in his administration. He
was anxious that our work should be Methodistic.
It was necessary for him to preach through an
interpreter, but his sermons were so full of the
evangelistic spirit that his Episcopal visits marked
a new Grospel era in those far foreign fields. This
gives supreme significance to the words with which
his life-work as a preacher culminated: *I have
preached this Gospel in nearly every country on
the globe, and always with the same effect!' His
report in the Bishops' Conference of his two years
service in Japan, China and Korea made a deep
and lasting impression upon his hearers. Stead-
fast as their faith was in the saving power of
the Gospel, former reports from those fields had
not led them to expect such results as followed
his earnest and faithful preaching in China and
Japan. At the close of his report he emphasized
the importance of preaching an evangelistic Gos-
pel, and to close the sermon by an appeal to sin-
ners to make an immediate decision by rising for
prayers or in some other public way committing
themselves to God their Saviour. With deep emo-
tion he closed by saying, 'Brother bishops, let us
give the Holy Ghost a chance!' That Board was
moved as I never saw it moved before or since.
'*I am moved to make a single remark with-
out having it committed to my paper. Here sits
with us this afternoon the one who has been his
companion in his ministerial work for forty-four
years or about that time. No one but a bishop's
wife knows what the Episcopacy means for the
home. It means the breaking up of home. Many
246 Life of Isaac WUion Joyce.
of your bishops sleep more nights on the sleeping
car than thej do in their homes. This companion
for twenty-seven years shared with Bishop Joyce
the lot of a pastor's wife. During a large portion
of his travels in foreign fields she was with him,
and during one year alone he traveled nearly forty
thousand miles. Our people do not know, the
Methodist Church does not know what a pastor's
wife sacrifices in building up the Church. The
Church does not know the blessed influence that
the bishops' wives exert upon the welfare of the
"Bishop Joyce was strong as a friend. Con-
cerning Bishop Wiley he wrote: *He was a true
friend ; he dearly loved his friends and opened his
heart to them. I can say of Bishop Wiley that
he was one of the truest friends I ever had.' These
words mean that Bishop Joyce knew what friend-
ship was and cherished it. He had many true
friends, but, as with every man, a few stood very
close to him. I was cognizant of the friendship
between him and Bishop Wiley. He and the
sainted Ridgaway were far more than neighbor
pastors. I knew well that precious fellowship for
Wiley, Ridgaway and Chase. Friends, they are
united. He and one member of his old Confer-
ence (still living, or I would give his name) in
Indiana had been in the closest friendship all
these years. There are few of such friendships,
but they make earth much richer.
"I think I may be pardoned for speaking of
this incident : From that room where the dear ones
were watching over him so tenderly and faithfully
The Last Days. 247
during those anxious days and nights came this
message in a letter written from that home : ^Frank
can help him talk by catching a word now and
then and reading his thoughts apparently. Yes-
terday he was trying to talk of Bishop Walden.
He kept saying "John M." over and over, and
when Frank said, "John M. Walden?** he said,
"Yes," and then added slowly, "Best friend I ever
had." ' And I know what those words mean.
**Thi8 friend, moved by that unspeakable feel-
ing to the which name friendship is given in lim-
ited human speech, offers this tribute, imperfect
as it is, to his dear memory. These earthly trib-
utes seem inadequate, but they are filled with
tender and sacred meaning. We know something
of their worth; we feel something of their inner
power, but he, seeing as he is seen, and knowing
as he is known now, may they not be even more
to him than to us with only our earthly vision?
But if all this is so, and who doubts it? these
tributes are but a minor part of what has become
real to him. During his last visit to St. Paul
Church, how many gathered around him who had
been converted under his ministry! How many
have gained the heavenly home in whose salvation
he was instrumental! Now they have gathered
about him there. May he not now know how many
were saved during all the years of his evangelistic
preaching? What a constellation must be the
stars in his crown of rejoicing! That constella-
tion is the crowning of his passion to win souls to
Christ. But, far better than even all this, far
better than all the saintly greetings, has been the
d48 lA^e of Imoc WUsan Joyce.
approving smile of the enthroned Jesus, whose
all-saving power was the dominant note of his
preaching, and the words of his Jesus, his Lord,
whom he strove to serve loyally, to complete his
joy, *Well done, faithful servant!' "
Isaac Wilson Joyce as We Knew Him.
THE "Great-Heart*' of Methodism is dead!
So thousands felt when the news flashed
over the wires that Isaac Wilson Joyce
was no more.
Eighteen months have passed since then and
the feeling of bereavement is as fresh as on the
day he was stricken; a feeling by no means con-
fined to the denomination of which Bishop Joyce
was an honored representative. The time has
been long enough to permit a sober estimate of
his character and work. And with a multitude of
people that estimate will declare Bishop Joyce to
have been the most Christ-like man they ever knew.
There was about him a personal magnetism
that was the product of warm sympathies and per-
sonal graces. It drew men to him. Coupled with
it was a dignity, both of manner and character,
which won their respect, forbidding undue famil-
iarity. This respect was heightened by the ca-
pacity he displayed in the management of men and
affairs. Courage and gentleness were so admir-
260 hi^e of Iscuic WUson Joyce.
ablj blended as to provoke wonder that either
oould exist so fully, and brook at the same time
the other's presence. All this was combined with
a passion of zeal and enthusiasm for the kingdom
of God and for the personal Christ that often
rendered his personality radiant. Particularly was
this last impression produced when he was at his
best in the pulpit. Whatever the conventional
standards of pulpit discourse might offer in crit-
icism of the homiletical structure of his sermons,
or as to their subject-matter, judged by that most
accurate of all canons, the total effect produced.
Bishop Joyce was a remarkable preacher. Few,
indeed, are the men of this generation who have
touched the secret springs of being in so many
people. And, not as his type of preachers are
usually credited with doing, only emotionally and
evanescently, but permanently. While often the
emotions have been profoundly moved, yet the will
and the moral nature have been moved also, and
when precipitation has taken place, there have been
seen the crystallizings of new and holy character.
In this regard Bishop Joyce's ministry w€ub truly
apostolic. Under his preaching the phenomena of
the early Christian preaching were continually re-
appearing. And when it is remembered that this
was in a '*bumt district" age — ^a generation in
which the pendulum has swung to the farthest
IsfWiC WiUon Joyce as We Knew Him. 251
extreme from the emotional phases of the apostolic
era, and when the people called Methodists main-
tain for the greater part an attitude of apology
for being the depository of a "heart'* religion, it
becomes apparent how much independence of in-
tellect — ^not to say courage — ^Bishop Joyce's at-
titude required. For it is harder to be true to a
teaching which, because of excesses or abuse, has
been discredited, than to champion an entirely new
interpretation of religion.
The achievements of Bishop Joyce's career
bulk large. The work he accomplished in the
pastorate, the unexpected strength which his Epis-
copal administration developed, the new impulse
which he gave to evangelism throughout the whole
Church, the impetus he imparted to missionary
enterprise, and the powerful influence which he
exerted on individuals, especially the rank and file
of the preachers of Methodism, were extraordi-
nary, even for one in his high position.
His career is full of encouragement to the
average men in the ministry — average in ability
and in educational equipment — as showing, not
how high a position a man of less than the highest
intellectual equipment and power in the realm of
pure intellect can attain, but as showing how much
such a man can actually achieve that is of perma-
nent value to the kingdom of God. With strong
252 Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
though not transcendent mind, and with an edu-
cation little better than the high school at the
start, though afterwards greatly enlarged by
study, his degree of Master of Arts being obtained
by a course of study, this man of Grod, by an
absolute devotion to the core of the Gospel, wielded
an influence and achieved results which many of
greater natural gifts and greater scholarship have
utterly failed to approach.
This suggests two queries: whether we must
not revise our classification of "abilities'* as com-
monly estimated, and assign a larger place to tem-
peramental and heart qualities, and a less com-
manding place to pure intellect. As Bishop Joyce
once said to the writer: "More preachers fail from
lack of heart than through a lack of head." Sec-
ond, it suggests the query whether the Church in
choosing her officials would not do wisely to take
more account of these elements of strength in mak-
ing her choice of leaders. That intellectual Phari-
saism which trusts in itself that it is brainy, and
despises others, is an offense to both God and man,
and fails always to work the righteousness of
But Isaac W. Joyce was much more than a suc-
cessful preacher. He was a broad-visioned man,
taking the keenest interest in everjrthing that af-
fected the well-being of his fellows. He took the
Isaac Wilson Joyce as We Knew Him. 253
liveliest interest in politics. And his politics was
of the stalwart Republican school, bred-in during
the civil war. However the new generation might
be carried off into new schools of prophesying,
Bishop Joyce was mindful of the forces and ideals
that had come into such sharp and fierce conflict
during the struggle between the States, and this
determined his political alignment, although in
the last few years of his life he manifested sym-
pathy with the Prohibition party's work. He was
an idol among old soldiers. They heard him with
delight, and again and again called on him for
speeches. Except in his directly evangelistic ap-
peals he was at his best on patriotic themes. What-
ever had to do with the flag and the institutions
and principles for which it stood, awoke his deepest
enthusiasm. Never shall the writer forget when,
as a boy, perched up in a window overlooking the
pulpit in the church at Greencastle, Indiana, we
heard him grow eloquent over the greatness of
America and over God's plans for her; and how
his eyes flashed and his face glowed as he intro-
duced in his peroration Longfellow's ^^Building
of the Ship:"
" Humanity with all its fears,
With all the hopes of future years,
Is hanging breathless on thy fate.''
864 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
And every one of us boys was perfectly sure that
it was; the very way Dr. Joyce said it carried ab-
Bishop Joyce had a genius for making and
holding friends. He had the faculty of draw-
ing them to him with silken cords and then
binding them to him "with hooks of steel.'* His
correspondence — the amount of it and the variety
of it — ^with all sorts and conditions of people — ^re-
veals it. The letters that came pouring in after
his death reveal it. When some good men die
those who knew them say: "What a loss his death
is to the Church! Who can do the work he has
been doing?" But it is soon found that the work
has another workman at hand fully equal to it,
and the loss is quickly repaired. But when Bishop
Joyce died it was as though a blow had been
struck to hundreds of hearts all over the world,
and they all cried out, "Behold and see if any
sorrow like unto my sorrow !'*
We may not know just how that full witchery
was wrought, but such things as these may accoimt
for it in part. A young lad in Lafayette, Indiana,
comes along with his daily papers on Christmas.
Mr. Joyce, the Methodist minister, was to him no
more than any other customer. But when the
paper went to his home that day, into the boy's
hand Mr. Joyce slipped a bright new dollar, with
haac Wilson Joyce as We Knew Him. 265
a cheery "Merry Christmas!'' And the boy went
bounding down the street to finish his route and
carry the news to his mother. Eighteen or twenty
years afterward when Dr. Joyce was pastor of a
Cincinnati church that boy, now become the head
of a raib-oad company, sent word to Dr. Joyce
"that he was never to pay a cent of railroad fare
on any part of his lines, and that he could have
anything on that railway except the roadbed."
At Greencastle another poor boy came trudging
in from work one evening, to be told by his
widowed mother: "Brother Joyce was here awhile
ago and left this for you." And she put into his
hand a crisp five dollar bill. "He says this is to
pay your admission fee to the preparatory depart-
ment of the University — ^that he wants to have the
pleasure of paying your first fee." Every other
dollar of his whole course through college and
seminary that boy earned. But that first five dol-
lars looked the biggest and the brightest of any
that he ever handled before or since. And there
was never a day after that that boy would not have
done anything on earth for "Brother Joyce."
A young man in an Indiana town, ambitious,
but with no adequate opening in the town, writes
Dr. Joyce about it at Cincinnati. And Dr. Joyce
in the midst of his heavy and responsible pas-
torate, has time to go out and find a situation on a
266 Life of haac WiUon Joyce.
daily paper for the lad) and he begins a care^
of usefulness and success in the newspaper world.
A teacher's health breaks down in her work in
an Indiana town. She is the daughter of a de-
ceased preacher of Dr. Joyce's old Conference in
Indiana. He sends for her to come down to Cin-
cinnati, arranges for her entrance to a hospital,
secures special rates for her and looks after her
as tenderly as a father during the months of her
illness. He was Great-Heart all the way along!
When some one spoke about his doing so much
for the poor, he replied: " I have been poor my-
self, and I am going to help every struggling per-
son I can."
An incident in the St. Paul pastorate at Cin-
cinnati further illustrates this quality. In his
round of visiting one day he called on one of the
St. Paul members. Her only child was dying from
scarlet fever. The neighbors were afraid to go
near. There was no servant in the house and the
woman was in despair and wild with grief. Dr.
Joyce went to the cellar, found kindling and coal,
made a fire in the grate, then went out and found a
friend to go and help the mother, and ordered
groceries and other things for the comfort of the
home. The next day the precious child was bur-
ied. The mother never ceased her expressions
of gratitude for her pastor's timely help in the
darkest hours of her life.
Isaac Wilson Joyce as We Knew Him. 267
Ex-President Gobin, of DePauw University,
^snrote of him, in the Central Christian Advocate:
'^To strangers, his bearing sometimes seemed a
little too independent, if not haughty, but no man
had more genuine sympathy for the needy and
afflicted. In one of his wealthy churches some
ladies were criticising him for his assistance of a
*ne'er-do-well' family in his parish, claiming that
he allowed himself to be imposed upon, but with
much emphasis he answered: *That woman (a
widow with three children) is your sister in the
Church and deserves your sympathy, and not your
"When about to move from a certain city, he
and Mrs. Joyce were tendered a reception in one
of the largest and finest homes in the place. Of
course, great multitudes came to say good-by to
the beloved pastor and wife. Before the conclu-
sion of the occasion he asked to be excused to at-
tend to an errand, as he was to leave in the morn-
ing on an early train. He went away from this
scene of elegance and compliments to make a part-
ing visit to a poor family in a distant, dark and
wretched part of the city, where he left a gift of
five dollars out of his own pocket to meet emer-
We read in Holy Writ of One who went about
doing good. Is not the secret of Bishop Joyce's
power over people's hearts that he followed in the
There was that about Bishop Joyce's friend-
268 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
ship that made those who shared it feel that each
was an especially favored one. This was not be-
cause of any impression he attempted to make.
There was no insincerity about it. It was because
it was easy and delightful for him to love. And
his whole heart went out in unaffected love to his
friends. The personal element was so strong as
that each felt himself to be favored above all
Friends of his youth maintained their intimacy
with him up to his death. Friends made in his
early pastorates never forgot him. The touch of
other personalities never effaced his image from
their hearts. They loved him and he them, to the
end. What a vital things his love was!
Bishop Joyce was subjected to a test of char-
acter by his election to the Episcopacy which has
seriously affected more than one man. The in-
vestment of a man with as absolute power as our
polity clothes the bishops with is a strain upon
humility. Many a man has grown arbitrary and
self-sufficient by the exercise of such authority, and
by having to hear chiefly adulation and flattery —
or at least praise. But with Bishop Joyce's elec-
tion to the Episcopacy there came, if anything,
added humility and patience. We have seen him
wading through the work of annual Conferences
with a kindness and a patience, under trying dr-
IsacLC Wilson Joyce as We Knew Him. 259
cumstances, that were amazing. In one of our larg-
est Conferences he was a guest in our home. Night
after night, twelve and even one o'clock would
find him still up, going into the many cases re-
quiring adjustment, with minutest care. And the
patience with committees, ministerial and lay, in a
peculiarly difficult Conference session, involving an
extraordinary number of changes, was a growing
wonder to those who knew it. And the secret of it
all was his absolute devotion to Jesus Christ. In
it he showed himself a great soul, with that great-
ness described by J. G. Holland:
" To honor God, to benefit mankind,
To serve with lofty gifts the lowly needs
Of the poop pace fop which the God-man died,
And do it all for love— O ! this is great I"
Estimates by Chttbch Leadeks.
W'E give the following characterizations
of Bishop Joyce and his work by leaders
of the Church, who were long associated
with him, selecting a few out of very many. The
first — ^that of Bishop McCabe — ^will read almost
like a prophecy. The sustained co-incidences of
their lives were further added to in the manner of
their death, Bishop McCabe, also, being stricken
with apoplexy, lingering for a time amid the
prayers and tears of a host, like Bishop Joyce,
and then passing away :
BY BISHOP m'cABE.
*^Bishop Joyce was bom on the same day of
the month and the same year that I was born, and
in the same State — namely, the 11th day of Oc-
tober, 1836. When I heard that he was stricken
down, the first words that came to my mind were
these: *I come next.' I trust I shall be as ready as
he was, for when they bore him from the platform,
he said: *If this is Grod's way, His will be done.'
It is so blessed to so live that sudden death is
sudden glory, and the summons to arise and depart
Estimates by Church Leaders. 261
is not a painful surprise to us, but a joyous call
to a higher and more glorious career. I believe
him to have been a good man, a true man, a winner
of souls, and a man of great evangelistic power."
BT BISHOP MEBEIX.L.
"His work as a bishop proved the fitness of
his election. He entered upon it courageously and
prosecuted it with the zeal of a man of God, ad-
justing himself to the practical phases of his office
without abating in the least the ardor of his soul
in the spiritual lines of his ministry. The work
of revival was still his favorite work. He had
revivals in his Conferences, and often sent his
preachers home from Conference sessions aflame
with zeal for conversions. His influence for good
in keeping the spirit of evangelism awake in the
ministry and in the Church can not be adequately
estimated. After all, there is no better repute for
a Methodist bishop than to be known through tKe
Churches as a revival bishop. This distinction be-
longed to Bishop Joyce while living, and will crown
and glorify his memory through ages to come.
"Bishop Joyce was a much-loved man by the
ministers of the Church, but not more by any class
than by his colleagues. On his election he came
into the fullest confidence of the bishops, and al-
ways commanded their esteem and love. He was
chosen by them to preside over the Epworth
League, and thus to do much towards shaping the
religious life of the young people, and thereby to
affect and give tone to the spirituality of the
whole Church. He was sent abroad by them to the
most important foreign missions of the Church,
Life of Isaac WiUon Joyce.
and intrusted with the most important and delicate
affairs of administration, where world-wide inter-
ests depended on the wisdom and fidelity of his
work. No disappointment ever came because of
any responsibility put upon him. The results of
his labors abroad elicited the admiration and grati-
tude of those who sent him and enhanced the esteem
in which he was held by the whole Church. Not
even a summary of his work in his wide field is
possible. Gloriously did he come to the consum-
mation. In the strength of his manhood, in the
zenith of a career marked with triumphs, with fac-
ulties alert and with powers aglow with fervor,
he met the summons and bowed submissively to the
order which closed his activities while the star of
hope for greater victories still gleamed brightly
in the heaven of his love."
BY BISHOP FOSS.
*^The characteristic of Bishop Joyce which im-
pressed me most was his sustained and unquench-
able evangelistic enthusiasm. Most soul-winners at
times grow weary; but he came nearer than any
other man I have ever known to being an exhaust-
less magazine of evangelistic dynamite. The sight
of a crowded congregation at a Conference or
camp-meeting would always set him on fire; and
to all eternity thousands will bless Grod for his per-
sistent, overwhelming appeals on such occasions for
the immediate surrender of the sinful soul to the
present Savior. Even through an interpreter such
appeals from his lips were often 'the power of Grod
"The Board of Bishops will long remember
Estimates by Church Leaders. 263
his report to them of his work in Japan and China,
and especially his evangelistic successes there. At
the close of the report he gave his colleagues a
word of exhortation on the wisdom of ending the
sermon with an earnest appeal to sinners to ^rise
for prayers,' or in some other way openly commit
themselves at once to God; and, with streaming
eyes and quivering lips, he cried out, ^Brethren, let
us give the Holy Ghost a chance !' "
BY BISHOP 600DSELL.
"My heart is heavy because of the death of
Bishop Joyce. Elected by the same General Con-
ference our friendship began with the day of our
election when we prayed together for grace for
our work. For seventeen years his acquaintance
has been both inspiring and delightful to me. He
was a holy man, pure in speech and right in con-
duct. His conscience was rightly tutored, and took
cognizance of all his powers. There was no part
of him which was not under control. Naturally
quick-tempered, he could be silent under provo-^
cation when few could resist a strong sentence. He
under-rated the grace in him when he told me
that he was silent when tried because if he began
to speak it set him on fire, or, as he put it, with
a twinkle in his eye, *It stirred up the Irish in
him.' In all these seventeen years of intimacy I
recall nothing unworthy in him of the Christian
gentleman and bishop. He differed without anger,
debated without heat, and estimated without depre-
ciation or the slightest sign of jealousy or envy.
He praised warmly, and was cold and critical only
264 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
"While abroad he observed carefully, and al-
ways came home with an accurate knowledge of
the work. The evangelizing power of the man
was so steady that, whether he preached in English
or through an interpreter, men were won to Christ,
I believe, in every Conference he held. He said
more than once with a holy joy to which he had
a right: ^My dear colleagues, you all are more
gifted in many ways than I. But God gives me
something, too: He gives me access to souls. In
every Conference some are converted.'
"If any have heard him preach their verdict
must be that, always clear and strong in matter,
his hortatory summing-up and closing were often
truly awful in their power. I know of no one
who equaled him among us in exhortation and in
the inmiediate results of exhortation. In the
Bishops' Conferences he was an infrequent speaker,
but always commanded attention by the clearness,
precision, compactness, timeliness, and brevity of
his contributions to our debates.
**He was a very brave man, not only in meeting
physical peril, but in administration. He did not
let wrong things stay because it was easy, nor
wrong men remain in power for fear of raising
enemies. He would be the last to claim freedom
from mistakes. He told me he felt he had made
some in Eastern administration ; but no one doubted
that these were due to imperfect knowledge of
Eastern conditions, and not to self-will.
"We have seen for a quadrennium that he was
failing. There w^ a slower and heavier step.
He sometimes complained that his feet were sore
under his weight, which was moderate. Sometimes
Estimates by Church Leaders. 265
to intimates he would say: 'The General Confer-
ence will make an end of old man Joyce next time.'
But the end-making was something to smile over.
He often told me that he prayed to know when he
was old and not to resent the judgments of others
as to this. I could have wished he had spared him-
self in labor a little after passing sixty-five. But
to the end he worked on as if he was forty-five.
"And his ending was like him: a ride until
midnight Saturday night, broken sleep, a sermon
attempted, a moment's hesitancy and confusion, a
struggle to finish his sermon, then acquiescence in
the sudden finishing of his work, and then increas-
ing paralysis, weakness, and at last death. We
may know where he is. The only place to which
so good a man can go is to the home of God."
BY BISHOP MALLALIEU.
"A more conscientious and painstaking and
faithful administrator of all affairs committed to
his charge I have never known. He was brotherly,
sympathetic, and helpful in all cases. He was ab-
solutely sound in the faith and in all respects loyal
to Methodism. If ever a man was wholly and irre-
vocably consecrated to God, he was the one.
"He had that supreme quality of the highest
type of genius, the will and capacity for unremit-
ting hard work. He was a great broadminded
man. There was not the slightest suspicion of
smallness or meanness in his nature. Rank, wealth,
power, could not daunt him or turn him from the
path of duty. At the same time the humblest and
poorest were dear to him, and he was glad to share
266 Life of Isaac WUton Joyce.
with them and stand by them in every hour of
affliction, suffering, or need. Race, color, lan-
guage, were nothing to him, for he recognized the
Fatherhood of Grod and the brotherhood of aU men.
He was sincere to the last degree; there was not
the most distant suspicion of sham and pretense
in his nature. He had a lofty scorn of all cheap
tricks and subterfuges, and despised all hypocrisy ;
he wore his heart upon his sleeve. He was modest
and sensitive to an unusual degree. He never put
on airs, never assumed dignity, never shut himself
off from the commonest of the common people.
Still he had very clear-cut convictions of right and
wrong, of the true and false, and so without noise
or disagreeable self-assertion he did not hesitate
to disclose his convictions and stand by them. He
was especially noted for his steadfastness in his
friendships. It was his nature to be loving, fra-
ternal, affectionate, and steadfast. His friends
could depend upon him. He was found loyal, true,
and genuine. At the same time he was not obliv-
ious of others who were not bound to him by special
relations of intimate friendship. It may be af-
firmed, with unhesitating emphasis, that he was
an ardent lover of humanity. In the scope of his
prayers and sympathies and services, he counted
himself the servant of all."
BY BISHOP FOWLEE.
"He studied faithfully the work committed to
him. He was excessively industrious. He worked
as one who feels that the night is coming, when
no man can work. He rejoiced in a high state
Estimates by Church Leaders. 267
of grace, and walked in the light of God's favor,
and preached the gospel in Spirit and with power.
He was a good administrator and a marked popu-
lar preacher with great hortatory powers. He was
thoughtful and modest, but definite and decided
in his opinions in the Board, and we always knew
where to find him. He was brotherly, affectionate,
and companionable. The force of his intellect and
the forces of his character will long be remembered
BY BISHOP THOBUBN.
"I esteem it a privilege to be permitted to
record my appreciation of our beloved Bishop
Joyce. I had known him for twenty-five years.
From the first I found him to be a true man,
measuring up to the New Testament standard of
a spiritually-minded disciple. His conversation,
his preaching, his prayers, and in short his whole
life, was that of a faithful disciple of Jesus Christ.
Our Church can ill afford to spare a man of his
type, but he had almost finished his threescore
years and ten, and by faithful and abundant labors
had earned the sweet rest into which he has en-
tered. His brief visit to India some years ago was
a source of blessing to many, and will never be
BY BISHOP HAMILTON.
"There are few men who wear out, and when
one man does the world will know it; he is the
only man who has finished his work. Death then
is only the signal of work done. Methodism has
268 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
always made honorable mention of Vom-out
"Bishop Joyce was literally worn out; he may
not have known the remaining measure of his
strength. But it has been evident to his friends,
for many months, that the wheel might be broken
at the cistern at any moment. Like the tourist car
away on a journey, and where there was no law
against speed, he has broken down in the middle
of the road. From the first there has been little
hope of repair. And now, the end having come,
nothing in life more becomes him than his death.
'*It is not difficult to discern the nature of his
work, the amount of it no summary will tell. He
was an old-time Methodist preacher put forward
fifty years into our time. He had only one busi-
ness, and that he has so certainly dispatched, that
it *is business well done.' From his call to preach
to the very last words spoken by him in the pulpit
of the camp at Red Rock, he has had but a single
aim. He came to call sinners to repentance, and
they have heard his call to the ends of the earth.
"In every sermon there was splendid appeal.
His fervor imparted itself magnetically to the
multitudes who heard him, and his work always
went on with spirit. Beginning never so moder-
ately, when he heard the sound of a going in the
tops of the mulberry-trees, then he would bestir
himself. His enthusiasm had *the genius of sin-
cerity,' and the people were profoundly moved. I
met an intelligent and distinguished lawyer, who
was not a Methodist, in North Dakota several years
ago, that said to me, *I have heard many of the
great preachers of this country, but I have never
Estimates by Church Leaders. 269
heard a man who has given me such an impression
of my personal responsibility and duty as your
Bishop Joyce,' and added, *He knows what he is
"He was able, out of the pulpit, on the street
and in the homes of the people, to influence persons
religiously as few men can do. It was his pre-
eminence in this regard which elevated him to the
episcopacy. He was a great pastor. I was a
guest in Albany, New York, two or three years
ago, in the home of a wealthy family, not Meth-
odists, where I invited the Bishop to dine with me.
Never have I seen a man so ingratiate himself, and
without any apparent intention, in the hearts of
the four or five children and their father and
mother as he did in the two hours we were to-
"It was his affable, entertaining, and inspiring
manner which enabled him to induce individuals
and congregations to give money so cheerfully to
any and every good cause whenever and wherever
he asked for it. His success in raising twenty
thousand dollars at the session of the California
Conference for the University of the Pacific will
not be forgotten.
"There was a tenderness in his sympathies
which made him a man of sorrows and acquainted
with grief. He gave away more than he had,
and was compelled to ask and receive that he might
continue to give. A volume could be written in
giving some account of his generous impulses in
the homes of the poor and the bereaved.
"He was never troubled with unbelief, but dis-
belief annoyed him. The heroism of his intellect
870 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
was in his faith ; his 'faith was the soul of religion
and worked his body.' He believed the root of all
heresy to be the effort of men to earn, rather than
to receive their salvation;' this he knew to be un-
scriptural, and he could vote against it as easily
as against any other kind of sin.
*'In the delicate and difficult duties of his office,
his forceful purpose sometimes awakened differ-
ences which were very pronounced. But in doing
what seemed best for him to do, he was so sure
of his own motives it was easier for him to advance
than retreat. He was vigorous in his administra-
tion, but when not unceremoniously opposed was
as conciliatory as the Christian woman.
*'The end of preaching with Bishop Joyce was
to save men, and he made it a vocation. If he had
any art it was in the exercise of the skill with which
he could gain men, and even against their wiUs.
He rejoiced more over the one sinner that had
been saved, than the ninety and nine sermons which
went astray, as he believed, because he had seen
no fruit of them. Preaching without praying to
him, therefore, was a bow without a cord. It had
no place or use for an arrow.
**We shall miss him wherever we meet the
wings of the morning for he went everywhere
preaching, but nowhere more than in calling sin-
ners to repentance."
BY BISHOP VINCENT.
**Bishop Joyce was an intensely earnest man.
God was not a theory nor a dream to him, but the
one great Reality of the universe. And a living,
loving, abiding, inspiring Reality, in whose con-
Estimates by Church Leaders. 271
stant presence he lived. God was in every breath
he drew, and his o0icial life was full of faith. He
believed. He knew. He rested. He rejoiced. He
lived out his faith."
BY BISHOP OliDHAM.
"He has always been to me an inspiring per-
sonality. And his word was always with power.
His was the supreme cut of the Gospel preacher.
There was always enough of the intellectual to
engage and interest the mind, while there was
markedly present the urgent warmth, the compell-
ing energy of the prophet who takes you by storm
in the name of the Lord his God from whom he
brings his message. He taught China how to look
for immediate conversions. He mightily helped
South America. He was a flaming torch up and
down the North American continent."
BY DR. HOMER EATON.
"Bishop Joyce was an ideal man and bishop.
He accomplished a great work for Christ and
His kingdom on the earth, and has now gone to
his heavenly coronation."
BY DR. JAMES M. BUCKLEY.
(In an editorial in Tfie ChrUtian Advoeate,)
**As a bishop Dr. Joyce was dignified in the
chair, and, except when overwhelmed with appli-
cations or wearied with extraordinary travel and
work, was affable and approachable in private in-
terviews with the ministry and laity of the Church.
With the people he was very popular as a preadier,
and on some ocasions rose to a height which might
272 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
satisfy the reasonable ambition of any one. Some-
times this occurred under the most unfavorable cir-
cumstances. • • . He belongs to the class of bish-
ops with George, Roberts, Peck, Waugh, and Levi
Scott. Not that these resemble each other in many
particulars, nor that he resembled them in many
respects, yet there is one broad resemblance, the
evangelical trait, the hortative preaching, the
heartfelt spirit and manner. The sum of his
career abundantly justifies his selection. He passes
out of our sight with a spotless reputation and
with many great and good achievements to his
BY DS. CHARLES PARKHUSST.
(Editorial In ^^ion^a Herald,)
"He was wonderfully well balanced — ^kind with-
out being weak, deeply devout and zealously ac-
tive, yet with no touch of cant or fanaticism,
fervent yet prudent, a friend to all, but no flat-
terer, every way sensible and efficient.
"Undoubtedly he worked too hard. He could
not seem to help it, such was his ardent nature.
How greatly he will be missed ! Genial, beautiful,
reliable, he wore his honors and his dignities
meekly. He could be implicitly trusted. He never
uttered an unkind word. His elevation honored
the pastorate, and showed that the Church, some-
times at least, puts a proper estimate upon those
who go about doing good. As he said of Bishop
Wiley, so we can say of him:
" 'He left but little earthly property for his
family; but he left them the legacy of a pure
character, a good name, an exalted purpose, and
Estimates hy Church Leaders. 273
a useful life. His memory will live in the hearts
of thousands of the Lord's poor, who loved him
because they knew he loved them for Christ's sfiJte.
He was a true friend. He was never in haste to
believe evil of others ; he chose to live in an atmos-
phere of charity toward all men. He never allowed
himself to cherish malice or ill-will toward any.'
"His death-room, we learn, was a veritable
ante-chamber of heaven. He rested in perfect
peace, with uttermost confidence in his Redeemer,
and broke forth repeatedly, so far as physical
powers permitted, in exclamations of great joy.
It was as might have been expected, from such
a life. Few men in the Church have been more
beloved, few will be more lamented."
BY DE. JAMES H. POTTS.
(Editorial In Michigan Christian AdvoccOe.)
"The salvation of souls was the burden of his
heart, no matter what else the particular respon-
sibility he had in hand. Bishop Foss testifies that
Joyce *came nearer than any other man he ever
knew to being an exhaustless magazine of evan-
gelical dynamite.' Bishop Moore declares that
^experimental religion and a passion for souls domi-
nated his pulpit ejBForts.' Evangelist Dunham re-
calls the fact that it was Bishop Joyce who inaug-
urated Pentecostal services at the Annual Confer-
ence session. *The thought of a bishop and two
or three hundred Methodist preachers convening
for a week together in a community, attending to
business, properly so, yet not one soul brought to
a decision for God, and that session leaving no hal-
374 life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
lowed reyiyal memory behind it; th^i the young
men haying no lesson in soul-winning, was a
thought so painful to him, that at the outset of
bis service as a bishop he determined to make ev^y
session a revival.' And this determination he ac-
^^The secret of this evangelistic spirit in Bishop
Joyce may be found in the religious character and
consecration of the man himself. Bishop Malla-
lieu j>ays him this remarkable tribute, that 4f ever
a man was wholly and irrevocably consecrated to
Grod, he was the one.' It seems to us that Chris-
tian eulogy can not get beyond that. But Bishop
Warren confirms the estimate by saying that Joyce
lived Christianity, and *preached an immediate sal-
vation from all sin to a heathen congregation that
had never heard of Christ with the same unction
and expectation of results by the present power
of the Holy Ghost as he preached the same gospel
to one nurtured in Christian beliefs from infancy.'
**This rich experience kept him in touch with
the Author of all life, and it was ever an expec-
tation with him that the Grod on whom he rdied
would demonstrate His presence and power to
save just as really and effectively as if He were
a person present in form and parts, to be seen
and touched like human beings. He thought of
Grod as ever at his right hand, round about him,
in him, and working through him. As Bishop
Hamilton says : *He saw the supernatural in every-
thing, and could have little patience with the
preachers and teachers who were boisterously bent
on trying always to displace the supernatural to
find place for the natural. The story of his un-
Estimates by Church Leaders. 376
selfishness is the best that is ever told. He was
absolutely self-forgetful in the presence of crying
need. His generosity was an embarrassment to
most of his associates whenever there was a call
"How impressive and beautiful such a char-
acter! Pure, trustful, benignant, serious, earnest,
insistent on present blessing, with God always be-
fore him, flinging his whole life force into labor
for souls, coming to his death-stroke in a camp-
meeting sermon, testifying with his latest breath,
*I have preached the gospel in every land, and
everywhere it has met the needs of men,' and then
yielding up his great spirit in this strain of sweet
submission, *If this is God's time and God's way.
His will be done !'
" *Well done, good and faithful servant !' It
is cheering that thy life was lived in our day, that
we saw thee and knew thee, and that the same
inspirations and influences which impelled thee to
thy life-tasks are yet present with us, and may
nerve us for like endeavor if we will but yield to
BY DR. DAVID D. THOMPSON.
(Editorial In Northwestern Christian Advocate,)
"For seventeen years Bishop Joyce went in
and out before the Churches, bearing this high
office, doing episcopal work, never flinching, never
complaining, accounting no labor too taxing, no
burden too heavy, and no sacrifice too great, so
he might serve the cause of God and win souls.
With him the minister was not lost in the bishop.
He carried into his wider field all the zeal and
evangelistic fervor that gave him success in the
276 Life of Isaac Wilton Joyce.
pastorate. He had conversions in his Conferences.
While not lacking in executive ability, but indeed
measuring up to a high standard, he bore the
honored distinction of being known everywhere as
the ^revival bishop.' On this account his coming
to the Conferences was anticipated with delight,
the preachers expecting a spiritual uplift and fresh
inspiration from his presence and counsels.
"This marvelous power accompanied him wher-
ever he went. Whether in Japan or China or
India or in South America, revivals attended his
ministry, and conversions took place, even when his
preaching was through an interpreter. A great
tide of spiritual quickening followed him all over
the Celestial Empire during his episcopal visit to
China, and the Church in that far-away quarter
of the globe has felt the impulse of his visit ever
"He could well say, as he is reported to have
said with thickening voice, as cerebral hemor-
rhage arrested the flow of his speech, *I have
preached this gospel in almost every land, and
always with the same effect.' His preaching was
with power and the demonstration of the Holy
"While his episcopal career was noted for the
revival power that attended him, there was no re-
spect in which his work was not a success. He
looked after the practical interests of the Church
with the eye of an expert. In cabinet work he was
wise, patient, and painstaking. In the Conference
chair he presided with ease and dignity. His mind
was alert to discover men who had in them the
elements of success, and to give them a chance.
Estimates by Church Leaders. 277
Those who brought things to pass commanded his
"As an administrator he was conscientious to
a degree frequently causing him the acutest per-
sonal pain. Sharp difference sometimes created
troublesome problems, but faithfully he strove to
do the utmost and exact right with every brother
whose interests were in his hands, and at the same
time faithfully conserve the effectiveness and effi-
ciency of the great Church at large. Again and
again, when importuned for something he could
not give, he has spent hours when he ought to
have been asleep in sad and painful sympathies
over conditions he was powerless to change. His
heart was as tender as that of a woman, and every
preacher's woes were made his own woes. Those
who did not know him well sometimes mistook this
high devotion to duty for willfulness. None ever
more gladly welcomed all the possible light and in-
formation on any subject, or more devoutly sought
to reach the exact fact and truth.
"As a pulpit orator he will hold high rank.
He was a mighty preacher, and was in special de-
mand for camp-meetings and other occasions which
brought together great crowds. He had rare
power in moving large audiences. He was presi-
dent of the Epworth League from 1900 to 1904,
and was beloved by thousands of the young people
of the Church, to whom he was a spiritual father
and inspirer to a more consecrated life.
"The sweetness of his spirit and the beauty
and spotlessness of his personal character were,
after all, his superlative charm, and the final and
decisive element in his greatness.''
978 Life of Isaac Wilson Joyce.
BY DK. CUVUDIUS B. SPENCER.
(Bdltorlal In Central Christian Advocate,)
**A8 a bishop it can be said that he gave him-
self to his work without even reasonable reserva-
tion. Big in frame, having a constitution of
woven steel, he literally threw himself into the
arena — on the altar — everywhere. He preached,
lectured, dedicated churches, often paying his ex-
penses, and often, if not always, without compen-
sation. He visited ninety-two places in the North-
west where no other bishop had ever been.
And wherever he went men kindled their smol-
dering lamps at his torch. In fact, without a
word or a hint disparaging to any one else, it
was given to Bishop Joyce to be an evangelist.
He was an evangelist before he was elected bishop.
His heart was no less swept by the passion for
souls after the episcopal staff was put in his hand,
than it was when he was a country shepherd of the
flock of Christ. Amen. There are diversities of
gifts. Nor can the eye say of the hand, *I have
no need of thee.' But: may God grant — ^may God
grant, I say, that never may there fail from our
episcopal college one who will stand pre-eminently
forth as an evangelist. There are such in that
body now. May their enthusiasm never be cooled
off by the proprieties of what is, after all, but an
office — exalted office though it be! . . .
"The wanderer has found the path home. May
the path he blazed, in any, in every clime, be trod
like gloriously, as by sons of God. Adieu — for a
little time. Then? To take the path again, to-
gether, on, on, still on, where Jesus still leads
Estimates by Church Leaders. 279
BY DR. E. J. COOKE, BOOK EDITOR OF THE METH-
ODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
Dear Doctor SheridaUy — I wish it were pos-
sible for me to reply in a fitting manner to your
kind request for my estimate of Bishop Joyce,
but how can cold words adequately express the
tenderest emotions of the heart which start at the
thought of those we love? How can calm and
passionless judgment sanely estimate qualities and
powers when the soul of us is up in revolt against
all critical analysis which would mar the faces of
loved ones gone, or blur the memory of their sweet
companionship? Wordsworth has something to
'* One that would peep and botanize
Upon his mother's grave/'
and doubtless there are those who are so far gone
in atrophy of feeling, like Darwin who lost his
ear for music, that they are no longer able to
respond to sentiments beautiful and tender, but
imagine in the silly pride and hardness of their
hearts that stoical indifference to misfortune is
better evidence of a cultured mind than outward
expressions of bitter grief or of glorious appre-
ciation. To such people the very music of heaven
would all be one with the raucous voices which
Dante heard in Malaboge. If then my estimate
of my departed friend should become a eulogy
rather than a critical appraisal of his gifts, it is
because I can not forget the love wherewith he
loved me, and for that reason I feel incompetent
for the task you have assigned me.
280 Life of Isaac WUson Joyce.
I may be permitted to say, however, that with
Bishop Joyce I was for many years most intimate.
I knew him thoroughly ; knew him in all his moods,
and seasons; in his public life and private life,
knew his judgments of men and affairs, and this
I have to say, that in my estimation, a better,
nobler hearted man, a man whose whole inner life
was tuned to the sweetest music of the noblest
living, never lived and moved among us, laboring
night and day for the advancement of the king-
dom of Grod. He loved God deeply and all things
which make for righteousness. He loved the
brethren, and his was a heart that ever yearned
for human friendship. His character was a fine
combination of strength and beauty. In his
preaching he struggled intensely to make God real
to those who heard; to make Christ and salvation
and heaven real to all who cared. How his soul,
at times, would pour itself out in torrents of fire
and pathos and love, when the Holy Spirit brood-
ing over a congregation, the whole body of be-
lievers responded to his magnetic eloquence! But
I have heard him in prayer in a humble cabin on
the lonely mountain side when he was just as fer-
vent as when before the vast multitude at a camp-
meeting. He was an heroic soul. Many are the
instances I could relate of his courage and of his
patience, of his Christly self-restraint, but I am
writing you a letter and not a book. He was self-
sacrificing. The bishops who have lived and la-
bored among us in the Southern Conferences have
all been generous in expenditure of self. When
Bishop Joyce first came to Chattanooga he and
Mrs. Joyce immediately entered heart and soul into
Estimates by Church Leaders. 281
the Incessant toil of those who were building for
the splendid results which are seen to-day in beau-
tiful East Tennessee. After eight years' residence
in the South, Bishop Joyce left for other fields
with nothing but his insurance. Nothing? He
carried with him the undying love of a noble
Among the many important duties of a bishop
in the Methodist Church the most important is to
put the right man in the right place. So, as a
bishop presiding in the Conferences, Bishop Joyce
was ever considerate of two things: the preacher
and the Church. He would not sacrifice a preacher
if he could help it; he certainly would not ruin
a Church. That he was always wise, and never
made mistakes, he himself would not admit; that
he was ever willfully autocratic against all light
and leading would be — an exaggeration. He could
be firm, as Tennyson makes Cardinal Pole say, I
have seen a pine in Italy which flimg its shadow
athwart a cataract, the cataract shook the shadow,
firm stood the pine ; but his heart was as tender as
woman's love, and to the Methodist preacher he
was kindness incarnate.
Such was Bishop Joyce as I knew him. And
here I must close, for I must stop somewhere. In
one final word, this dear man of God stood before
us the living picture of Goldsmith's village pastor,
''And as a bird each fond endearment tries
To tempt its new fledged offspring to the skies,
He tried each art, reproved each dull delay,
Allured to brighter worlds and led the way.'*