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1 1 





lij:^^: i 


Printad by a. Siwrnswoooit. 




178«— 1798, 

I^^Bxpin ramily. — Ncwrtcad.— BLrth of 
tike PtKL — London. — Abcrdetn. — D«ath 
oThis Filber.— Lai-bin-jr.^ir.— Mary DuC 

— S uraw doa lo lb« HUc — Removal to 
K«wK««I . pjige 1 



NewmuL — GiuKliuiBbip uf I^ordCarUsl&. — 
CharKta otihc Lite Lonl 'Byron. —OSmpirie 
It NoUini^am. — Mn. Bjrroii'i Pfinaioo. — 
Haooftl lo London. — Dr. BaiUic— Dd- 
inA.— Dr. Glcnnie. — Triiu of Chwactcr. 

— Kuyirvt Fkrker. ^ •• Kim DobIi into 
Pwtty" - - -13 


Hanmr. — Aoecdotei of School Life. — Dojrisli 
FrWncbhipv — Ptd. — George Sinclair. — 
CbytuiL- Lord Cl«e. — Wildmnn. — Wil- 
«m ItAmvM. ^ Ewly Corretpoiulencc. — 

Bvrow Chiir<'h Yard Byron's Tomb. — 

famacT lluliilayv — Bntb. — Noltiagham 
mi Anna Ury. — Mia Chawnrlh. — South- 
»in - - - - 19 


THnhy Co(l«g», Cwnlwidgo.- Collcgt Frieiid- 
•MpL— Viat to 8outhvcll.-.The PigoU. — 
t'untly Qumrrel. — Vuluinu of Puunta in tJiu 
fVn^ — Villi to IlnrrowgBtc. — Soulhwcll 
Pri*«u I'hcatricals. — Publication of the 
Poctoi vupptTMcd. — T raiu g j jZharactcr kttd 
IKapoaituin. — PublieatioD of " Huun of 
IdlcncK*— Habit* «d Mode of Lik - 30 



Cambridge. — Mcraoranda of R«sdings. — De- 
Uched Popma.- » The Newitead Oak.'" — 
" Verses lo iriy Son. " — " Prayer of Nature. " — 
The Uochdnic CJiutie. — Viut to Southiroll. 

— Dciith of Eddleston. — College Anocdotci. 

— Correspondence. — Succcu of tlic Po«n». 

— Rovicw of Wordjworth.— Diiwipation* of 
London niid Cambridge — Prujected Tour 
tothc Highlands. — ConuBcncament of " Bos- 
worth Field»" BD Epic - - Page i6 



Cambridge. — AvqiuiinUinn witb Mr. Dallas. 

V-Early Sce)itioiun.y- Anecdote* of Charlc* 

SkinmiT IVtattlicws. — Corrtspondencu with 

Mr. Dallas— Mr. Henry Drury — and Mr. 

Harscis. — Anecdotes • - 58 



Cambridge. — Edinburgh Review od " Houn 
— orTaTcncM."- lu KfTcot ~ Diwipalion* of 
London, Catnbridget and Brighton. -^ Pugil- 
ism. — Residence at Newitea d Abbey. — 
Correspondcnct.— Pnijeot of Tisiting India. 

— Sup[»09ed RcscmblAiice brtwrnn Kousse«u 
and Byron. — Boatawoin's Monument — Joe 
Murray. — AnocdDLea, — Cornmenocnient of 
" English Bards and Scotch Reviewers." — 
Lord Byron's Majority - - C7 



NewctMd. — Conduct of Lord Carlisle. — Pro* 
grm of Uie Satire. — Death of I^rd Falk- 
land. — Byron takes his Seat in the Honso 
of Lords. — Fublication oi " English Bards 

A 3 



•nd Scotch Rtvu^wcn." — Anocdoto*. — Sac- 
een of the Satiic. — Prfrparstions for leaving 
En]{Uad. — Farewell FwtivJ at Ncwistwid. 

— Departure from London. — Uctronpcct 

r«C« 75 


Falmatttb. ^ Lcttmt to Mnu Byron, Henry 
Dniry, and IltKljison. -— Virscs wnllcn an 
Boajd tlitf Lisbon Packet Lisbon. — Se- 
ville. — Cadit. — Cintra. — Miifru. — A luic- 
dotck — Gibraltar. — Malta. — Mnt. Spencer 
Smith. — " Swfct Florence" — Prwcsa. — 
Tcpalecn. — Introduction to Ali INicha. — • 
Janina.— Zitr^a. — Avamnnia. — Night Scene 
at Utnikey. — Miuolvtiflii' — Pnirai. — Vos- 
tixsa. — PaniassiB. — I'licbcs. — Athens. — 
Maidof Athens.— Childellarald commenced. 


iBio— lan. 

Departure (rora Athctu. — Smyrna. — Com- 
plrtion of thi' Second Canio of Childe Harold. 

— Visit to tlie Ruins of Epbeiui — And to 
tlie Troad. — Sistos sad Abydoct. ^ Swim- 
ming Exploit.^ — (_'oii5taiiiinr>()lr^. — • Kxcurdnn 
tlirough Ow Bovpliorui to the Black Sea. — 
Visit to Cotinlb. — Tour of tbe Moren. — - 
ATsit to Veluy Paclia. — Return to AthcflST-f-^ 

.^[Inldencc fit Ihc Franciscan Cunrent 

Studies. — ■* Hints from Horace" — "Curse 
of Muionra." — Return lo England - 102 



Eff-'ct of Trawl and Advenlurv on thv gcocral 
Cliojaotcr of Lord Byron. — Pecuniary Em* 
IwrraumAnts. — Fal«c Judgments of Authors 
r«»pKting their own Pioducttuni. — Passages 
from iliH Paraphrsse on Horace. — Prepora- 
tians for the Publication of Chitde Hurold. 
•^ Acquaiulaoce with Mr. Murniy • 117 



Ncwstcod. — Death of tlje Fbct*ii Mtither. — 
Hm" Cbnractcr. — Influence of her Conduct 
and Temper on her Sua. — Deathof hiit Friend 
Wingficld — AodofChailesSkijtoerMatllicwii. 

— Anecdotes. — Directions for the Draft of a 
Will, — Mr. HobhouH!. — Letters lo Dallai, 

Hodgson, and Miinay CbUde Horald to 

the Prefw. — Blnclcctt. the Poetical Cobbler. 
— Henry Kirkc While. — Miaa Milbanke'a 
** Cottage of Friendsiiip." — Townscnd's "Ar- 
mageddon." — Mr. Gifibrd. — Mr. Scrope 
Davics. — Correapondcnec coocenuog Childc 
Harold. — •■ Oh ! Banish Can." Paga 156 


18] 1. 

Poems on the Dcatli of " Thyna." — The lUr. 

Hubert Bland Comiaeuecmcnt of the Dtu> 

gniphcr'x Ac(|uainunce witti Lord Uyron.^ 
CorrespoDdcncc' — Mr. Uof^t, — Mr. Camp- 
hell. — Leiters to Mr. Harness. — Coleridge's 
Lectures. — Madame D' Arblay. — Kemble's 
Coriolanui. — Lord Byron's solitarv Poution. 
— Aofledotee . . , 140 

ISIl— 1813. 

piilde Harold in the Frcn Addttiont and 

Allenitiun*. — Hints from Horace, Curso of 
Minerva, and a Fifkh Edition of Engtisb 
Bards and Scotch Ill-viewers likewiau in the 
Press. — Episode. -^Letters la llohcrt Kusb- 
tuii, Mir. HodgKii], sod Vuung Cowcll. — 
^HiUiilen Speech in tbv House of Loida. ^ 
Acquaintance with Ixird HoUiuid Publi- 
cation of Childc Harold. — Its iiutantaneotu 
Success. — Presentation of the Copyright to 
Mr. Dallas - . . lAi 



Colonel Grerille and the Argyle InRtitutioo.— . 
Anecdotes, -i. SenMtiveacxi of the Poet on the* 
Subject of his Sitlrf. — Suppresrion of the 
New Edition of EngUifh Bards, Sec., of the 
Cunw of >Dner*a, and of tlie Hints frony 
Horace. — Parliiunvntary Anecdotes. •t\^ " 
FashionaMeLife.— PrusciiUtiontoiho i*rin«« 
RegcuL — Letter to SirWidiur Scott thereon. 
— Visits to Middleton and to BowooJ. — 
Lord Erskine. — Cbwik Chester. — Cliclten. 
ham. — A(ldre*» on the Opening of the new 
'I'beatre Royal, Drury-laue. — Mr. Betty, 
llic Actor. — Anectlota. — Correspoodeooe. 



1812— ISIS. 

CbdunlauiL — Letters to Mr. Murray, Mr. 
Williun Banket, Lord Holland, snd Mr. 
Rogcn. — GrativIUtf P«tiii'x Clirutinn Know- 
Wdgr, uid BioK<o)>c ur I>uJ of LUk Ex. 
pUiDe<L — . The Rejected Addretwy^ Dr. 
Bubjr. — JamiM nnd IJnrocc SnuthA^^'^ub- 
licgiion of thu WaIu — And of the Giaour.— 
GrouiMl-work of ihe Fiction. — Letter from 
Lord Sligo. — Sttoeen of tbciPncra, — New 
Kditioai — and Additional Piusages. — A 
8«pper at jNIt. Rogers'*. — Lord Tburlow'* 
Pomu. — Anecdalca of Sbcridan. — George 
Colaian. — Aoquaintam-e witli Mr. LvJKh 
Hunt — Vml t» Mr, Hunt in Horsemonger- 
Une Gat^ — Third ao d La st jpcoch Ja ^ic 
TIoOK uf LoTtls. ^ — Parliamentary Recoil^, 
lions, — GralHan — Foi.— Grey. — Canning. 

— 'Wlodliain. — Whitbreiid. — Holland. — 
Luudowac. — Orenyillc. — Burdctt- — Wani 

— Peel, — Wllbcrfore*. — Erskine Lauder- 
dale^ — Shendan. — Home Tooke. — Flood. — 
Courtenay • - Page 171 



O^pi of raiting Sicily. — Letter to Mr. 
GUbid, tliaakin^ him fur Adrite on Heligi- 
9m To|Mek — Madainc dc StAoI. — Projected 
^OfMgt to the Ed^ — Anecdotes. — Addi'~ 
linos to the Giouur. — Cooke tlie Aotor. — 
Timelling Projeets. — AhynMnia. — Liieica 
Bnoaparte*) Chvlcmftgnc — I.retter frum 
All Pacha— and to Mr. Souilivy. — Im- 
pmBimi. — Introduction to Mr. Curmn. — 
OmnMnicemcntof the Bride of Abydos - ISO 



Iwrntl. — fuo-and-Twcniy I — Monk Lowi*. 
•- Hodgaon. — Matrimony. — Uending oiic'a 
fvn Compoiliiont. — Eivut 'Clianpc. — jVn- 
tonyand Cleopatra. — Bum*. — "Poor Dear 
•lerry !" — LikeoeaHn. — Joh. — .ScotlS Writ- 
lap. — Slip iif Ncw<tcad. — Buon apartcj 
B«mt^ — "Mary Doff. — Lucretiui, — Ar- 
ikUevturv. — Dv L' Allemsgne. ^ Ontngc 
Dmvn- — l-^iritnirgli Review. — I<ord Car- 
Kite. — Portrniu of Rogers Soutliey. .Sotlieby, 
Hovn, atul Ward.— Who U Junius? — A 
Dmm. — 'tim RuminaUir. — CliiMc AIu- 

liquc. — R«pub1iaL — Windbnra. — Lady 
Melbourne. — Triangular Oruliu ad Par- 

Inanum. — Dinner at Tom Crib'a. — Miseries 
of Suparatiou Nourjatuid. — MackintoshS 

Review of Rogers • . Page 198 



Joiinuil coMh'awdL — Mr. Francis Homer. — 
Lard Jolin RumcU. — Nourjahad. — Monk 
Lewis. — Miss UUbanke. .— Mr. l^eigh Hunt. 

— A Blue-stocking Party. — Fame. — Mr, 
Gait —The Giaour Story. — Madame de 
Stocl. — Mr. Thomas Campbell. — Hi-'ury 
Fo«. — Lord Glcnberrie BuSbn Cigars, 

^.-^^Mrs. luclibaJd. — TbcEarlof Cttflialo.— 
Mr. Allen. — Hubert Bum*.— Anecdotes of 
Sheridan. — The Devilii Drive. — Clantui 
Harlowc. — Party Politic*. — Publicution of 
the Bride of Abydos.— Mr. Gaily Kmglit'« 
Pcniaii Tttli^ — Lvlteni to )f r. G ilTord and 
Mr. Murray. — Mr. Canning. — Tliomax 
A»he — Mr. ^leriTale's Roaccaraui. — Ma< 
oriiDOQULl Project - . . vod 



Journal.—- The Weeping Stanzas. — Nev^i^ier 

Assaults. — Mr. Hobhousc. — Kal^rf^ Buo- 

-^^;:^|>arte. — Republics. — Kcao. — £enAlft. 

— Schiillier's RoEihen, and Ficscu. — Moali'i 
Amtodcmo. — Reynolds's S(Lfi«t.—Mn. Mule, 

— Miu bdgeworth's I'atronage. — Mr, Camp- 
bell and Mr. Mcrivolc. — Marriage of Lord 
Porfunoiiih iind Miss Hanson. — Shvndan. 
■ — - Brougham. — Mrs. Jordan. —> Cotigreve. 

— \'anbrugh. — Westminster Forum, SciHl 
vBTsiti Byrun. — Aali-Byroo. — Quurrola uf 
Authom. — JeSery,— London Life.— Buon^ 

'''yrtc'i Abdication ... 2t6 



Puhl'iCBtitin of tlic Conaur. — PresenUtion of 
the Cupyrigiit — Dnliration to Mr, Moore. 

— Lctier* lo Mr. Murray. — Newstcad. — 

Sik-aud-twuity 1 Xba PxiucG R^ent. — 

PropQsi'd Reconcilittlion witli Lurd CarlUle.— 
Letters lo Mr. Moore. — Windsor Poetln. — 
Anti-Bymn. — Farewell to Poetry. — Ode lo 
NajiulcoQ. ^ Singular Deturmioatlcil • S35 

A 4- 



18H. ' 

Thpatri«l AnecdotejL — Kcan'^ Sir Gila Ovtr- 

rwitli SoDg, "1 spaak. not, I trace not'' — 

Stj]>pcT at Watior'A. — Lcttcn to Mr. Moore. 

— Rbyrn'mg Kpistlc. — Progress of Lara. — 
Hogg, ihtf Ettrick Slieplwrtl. — Letters to 
Mr. Moore and Mr. Murray. - — Publtcatiun 
of Larm. in conjuiicti'OU Mrlih Mr. Rogers's 
JaequelLTiL-. — Secaad PmiMS«l of MutUj(« 
to Miss Millankc - - Page aJl 


Min Milbuike. — Acocjitxtion. — Lcttcn to 
Moon! and Drur\-. . — Wedding PrvpKmtionis. 

— Visit to Cwnbriddc — State of Lord By- 
ron*! Mind and Feelings — Evenings at 
PougUn KinnairdV — Pecuouiry Embamua- 
mcnts. — Scaham. — Marriage — Letters to 
Moore and Murray. ^ Honey-nMwn. — ' Ue- 
breir Melodies. — Di-atti u( the Duke oT 
Darnel. — Lettitr to Coleridge - 264 


London. — Pcnotial Acquaintance with Sir 
Walter Scotc^^iHr Walter's Kvcol lectiiMU or 
Lord byron. — UiMtli of Lord Wcntworth. 

— Anecdotia. — Drury.latie Cciitmiittec of 
Managem^nL — Lelters to Moore. — Dtatli 
of Wliilbrvad. — SothiAy'a Ivan, — StAgv 
Anecdotes. — Sbcridanand CoLnuui. — Miink 
Lewii. — Letters to Moore and Murmy - 279 


1815— IBIG. 

Increased Pecuniary EmbarmutncDta.— Letters 
to Murray and Moore. — - Birth of Augusta 
Ada Byron, — Si'pantian. — Anecdotes. — 
Lctteni to Moore, Rogers i^nd Murray.— 
Public Outcry.— Newspaper Abuse. — Pub- 
lication of tbe Siege of Corinth— and of 
ParUina ... S80 


Appearance at Fare Tlu*c Wi-il, and a Sketch. 

— Clow.' o( Lord Hyron's Lonilnn Life. — 
GleAning5 of hi* Meinnntiidum-lKiok. — Dift. 
OHrous nnd huniliatiog Circumstances undvr 

wbioh be took Leave of Et^taod -^DeiMrtiue 
for Oalend. — Bruoels. — ^Waterloo. — Geaen. 

— ComplclioQ oF tbe Third Canto of Cbilde 
Harold. — I^etters to Murray and Rogers. — 
Diodati. — MoDody on Sboridao. — Journal 
of a Tour of the Bemeae Alps - Page 308 


181 6. 

Geneva. — « .Acquaintance with Shelley. — Ex- 
cursions on the Lake. — Polidori. — Diodad. 
•^Ghost-Stories. — Squall off Mciltcri& — 
Ouchi. — Compoution of the Prisoner of 
Chillon. — Visit to Copct. — Unsucctsafiil 
Negotiation for a Rceoucilialioa. — Conipoai» 
tiion uf Darkness. — The Dream. -^ Th« In- 
cantation. — Could I retnounL— And Stanna 
to AuguatA. — l^ttcr^ to Murray, — Milan. 

— VuroiUL — Anecdotes - • 315 


Vmioe. — TbeFomarina. — Armenian Studies. 

— Letters to Moure and Murrav. — - I'icturea 
oT Vcntlinn Society. — Anecdotes. — Tba 
Albrtui. — Canora's Helen. — Tbeatricala. 

— Carnival. — Preface lo Annetiian Grmtn- 
mar - - - - 338 



Venice. — Letters lo Moore, Murray, and 
Roger*. — Pictures of Venetian Lift — Mr. 
Hobhousc and the Quartorly Rffvicw,— Pro- 
grew ofManfrcd.— Sir Walter Scott's Review 
of tbc Thirdl Caiiti> of Childc Harold. — An«o- 
dote«. — Lalln Rookh. — Itallnn Ethics. — 
Maturin's Bgrlratu.^ArtrwnianTrantlatiofta. 
^ Cowplctiu^u of Manfred. — Doge Faliero. 



1 817. 

Vcoiov. — Letters to Murray and Moore. ^ 
Anocdoli-s. ^ De Luc, thi- Nmiagenariuii.^ 

— Vi»tt to ihitf Manfrini Pnlaec. — Painting. 

— A Day nt Florence; the Galleric» ; the 
Medici Chapel ; Santa Cn>c8. — The Lament 
of Tarao written. — A few Days at Ilome. — 
Anecdotes. — New Tliird Art of Mon&ed 
writteiL — Return to Venice. — Pindemonie. 

> — Maturin's Tragedy - -349 




'met. — CamtiKiwcnnalof Uw FourUi Caato 
at CbUdt Hart^d. — Lclien to Murray and 
Hoem.— L*lla Rookb.— " M5 Boat U on tltc 
BMnm." — Vi»it of Lewis aiitl Hobbouw- — 
tktA of MacUme <)e ScscL — Tho Mudical 
Tn^Hljr. — Tmtnieni of the EnglUh «t 
VcoiM.— Mr. Joy'i iDtcrriev with Lord 
Bpm. — Letters coDceming ibo Fourth 
Cento of Childe Uarold — And Poetry in 
genermL — Arioslo of the North. — Col<s 
ridgc'i Biognphia Literarin. — AlarlowV 
Fuatui. — AiModoU!^— I^d; Mary WoitLuy 
SCoatigae. — Dtath of the Princcw Chnr- 
iMte.^** My dear Mr. ^larray," &c. — Coin- 
plttioa of Beppa — Rides on the Lidu. — 
Mr, llapfncr*B Bmniotaeeoccsaf Ix>rd Byron. 

Page 360 



T«iM,~^Tbe SexaftciuriAn.— Porson at Cara- 
biidgc. — Italian TiflnalAtion of Muirrwd pur- 
fhaKd and tuppreswd.— Lcttcra to lioppnvr, 
Moora, and Murray. — VathEk. — Junius. — 
ViliBanV Faxio.— Picture of Venetian So- 
firty.— Bemi. — Khynuog Epiatlc to Murray. 

— tady M. W. Montague'a LetirrL — (V 
nSa Scrvente. — Sotheby. — i'ortniit of 
Leigh Hunt, — Fox and Sheridan.- — New 
LhiwB. — Story of the Funiarina. — Com- 
maeoBCDt of Dod Joan - 373 


1816— 181S. 

Votlor. — Lctlcrt to Murray. — Ode on Venioe. 

— Autiihiu({ra)>by projwlcd. -^ Aoccdole by 
Captain Uaiil Hall. — First and Second 
CWm of Don Juan. — Lctlcn to Murray 
tad Moore; — S)H.*ridau. — Dr. Parr. — Ugo 
I'bMola.— Introduction to Madame Guiecioli. 

— Aocedotca. — Polidori anil the Vampire 
Blary. — Depamue for RdTEana. — Staiuas 
ta Uu Po . . • 386 


I 1819. 

F*iT«x — Visit to the Cvrton Cemetery. — 
Anecdote*. — Bolof^Bs. — lUae«> of Madame 

CCr«weioli.-^Arrivat at lUneuo^ — Lrtlvn to 

Hoppner and Murray.— Return to Btdognft. 
— Alficri's 3Iirm. — Letton to Murray coo- 
ceming Don Juao. — Sunuct tu the Priaoe 
RegeoL — Letter to the Editor of the firitub 
Bcriew - - - Paga 397 

chapteh XXXV. 

Mode of LiA.' at Bologna. — Aneedoto. — Be- 
tum with Madaaw Gtiieeioli to La Mira.— 
Mr. Hoore'fi BomfauMKBoea of his Vwit to 
Ijvtd Uyrun.^] lia Personal Appearsnoe; — 
Hill Portrait by the Counten Albiixu. — Mr. 
Hoppncr's Aceouiit of his Hnbits and Mode 
of Life nt Venice , . . 406 



La Mira and Venice. — Propoution of Count 
GuiecioU. — AncedoteiL — Wieland. — AUtb- 
grm. — Presentation of the Autobiography to 
Mr. Moore, ^ [.etten to Hoppner, Murray, 

and William Bonkui Outcry agauwt Don 

JuaiL— The Prophecy of Dante— Prctjcoed 
Emigratiun to South America. — FiTrara. 
^ Third Canto of Don Juan completed. -^ 
Dc]Muturc of Count and Countess Guiccioli 
for Ravenna - - - 419 


1819— I89a 

Venice. — Corrcspondeoee with Madame Gote- 
cioli. — IUdom of the Counteas. — Prepara- 
tions for a Return to England. — Hasty 
Departure ior Ravenna.— Residenoc In the 
Palaiio GuieeiulL — Anecdote*. — Epigrama, 
— Letters to Hoppner, 3I»xirc, Murray, and 
William Biuikvt. — Statu of AIannvr» axwl 
Morals in Italy. .— I.etter from Dallas. — 
Completion of the Fourth Canto of Don 
Juan, tlie Prophecy of Dante, and the Traoa> 
laliuui of Piilci'f Morgante and Dante's 
Franccsca di Rimini - - 429 



Ravenna. — Pope Controversy. — PulcL — CoB- 
greve.— Sbcrutaii. — Mr*. Crnllivre. — Com- 
menccmeDl of Marina Faliero. — Sir Wiilter 
Scott. -- Oold«milh. — The CarlMJoari. — 
Reply tti Blaekwood. — Italian Tran&latioa 



of Cfailde Hftrotd. — Sir Humphry Davy at 
Karcona. — Ancfdotn. — Campbdl's l*ocU. 

— Voltaire. — Gocthr on Maafred. — Fspal 
Decree.— Guiceioli Separation - Fage 439 



RaTcnoa. — Departure of Madame GviocioH. — 
Cotnplrtion of Marino Falicro. — Milman's 
Fall of JeruMlem. — Ada's Picture. — School 

and College Contemporurie* En^liih in 

Italy. — QjWBD Caroline and Mr. Hoby. — 
Anaatasiua. — Adviee to Julia. — Mitcholl'a 
Arirtophanoi. — • numoured Arrival in Lon- 
don. — Sir Robert Pcd'a Anccdoic. — Uro 
Foaoola — John Keats. — Miss Holfonl. — 
Waabington Irving. — Hogg's Talcs. — Dvdi- 
cation of Marino Falicro to Goctbc - 451 



HaTcnn*.— Lctten to Murray and Moore. — 
A Chant. — EfMgratna. — A Portrait — Henry 
Mattlicwa.— Tbc White L«dy of Colalto.— 
Keats and the Edinliurgh Reriev. — Pro- 
gress of the Autobiography. — Anecdoles. — 
Plan of a Ncnpapcr in Conjunction vith 
Moore. — Disturbed State of Italy.— The 
Carbonari — Lord Byron's Address to tbe 
Neapolitan Government. — Furilicr Anco- 
dotes - - - - 460 



fUvcnna. — Ditry. — Fame. — Richardson. — 
Fielding. — Sootl's Noreli. — Vettni the 
Comedian. — Female Educatifm. — EojiuL — 

Swift.— Dj-itiR at Top, — Johnson's Vanity 
of Human Wiihcs. — Sharp tlie Coiivcnai- 
tioniat. Vaccination.— Campbcll'a Poct&..^ 
Homer. — Tale of Troy. — Marino Falicro. — 
ScolL — GriUpaner. — Sardanapaliia. — Java 
Gazette. — Moore. — Lord Grwy. — Lawrence. 

— The Edgeworths in London. — Hjpo- 
efaondria. — Rt^nard. — Three and Thirty t 




Ravenna.^ Diary continued. — Operationi of 
the Carbonari — Lord Sydney Osborne. — 


Socrates. '^Charity. — Coin. — Frmnccsca of 
Rimini. — Tiberius. — Whatis Poetry ? — Paat 
and Future. — Hope and Fear. — Death. — 
Frederick Schlegcl. — Gentleness of Dante 
— Viear of Wakefield.— I aiimw. — Grimm'a 
Corrcspoodeiioe. — St. Lambert and Tlioin- 
•oo. — Low Sfiirits. •— Bowlei rcrsua Pope. 

— Gray's Elegy. — Indigustioo. — Hopn. 

Fag* 481 


Ijctter to Moore oonecrning tbe Memoir — 
And the projected Journal. — Madame de 
Sfad. — AnccdotM of Monk I^wic — Cap- 
tain Whilby. — Love of Writing. — Barry 
Cuniwall. — The vid DranuUiits. ^ Mn. 
Ccntlirrennd Congrcve..— L«ttcn concerning 
the Representation of Alariiw Filivro. — Plan 
of Don Juan. — Uclwni.— Jx-ttcr on Howtea'a 
Siriaures upon Pope. — George Bankea. — 
Turner's TravtJs. — lluwltn and Campbell. — 
Pope's lluini-r — Aud Cuwper'a. — Pojie'a 
Character of Sporus. — Portrait of Madame 
Guieeioli — Allegm. — John Seolt. — Death 
of Kcsta. — The C-cnci ^Anecdote*.— Over- 
throw of the Carbooari - - 490 



Second Letter to Murray on BowWk Stric- 
tur« upon Pope. — John Scott. — Hy|>ochun- 
drinciMii. — Eluiu uud Al)eUrcL.^Anoii]'mous 
( 'iimmunic-itions. — Bowles's JtliiKiunonr. — 
Hit; Cockney ScbooL — Letters to Iluppner 
on AllcKn's Education — And to Murray on 
the RcprcxentHtion of Mnnnu Faliero - j04 



Ravenna. — Sardanapalua oomplatcd.— Madontt 
Hcnzoni. — AnecdoiM. — Epigram. — Fame. 

— TributcK to I-ord Byron's Genius. — Vidt 
of Mr. Coc^dgCL — Pieturea and Buftta. — 

AtDcrieans Don Juan diaoontinued at the 

Deaire of Madame Gniccioli. — ShakKjieare. 
-.— Severity of tlie Italian Government — 
The Gambas and Madame GuiccioU eom- 
pelled to l«ave lUvcnna. — I^lten to Hopp- 
ncr, Moore, and Murray. — Shelley's Account 
ofhi» Visit ti> Lord Byron. — Proginaof tbe 
Autobiography ... 513 




limM.— Lattm to Murny and Moore. — 
AJIq^ PUgisruuu. — Adventures oT a 
Young ArxJAlusiui \«t>lrman. — Dranui of 
Cain comiileted. — The Irish AvaUr. — Frc- 
puKuiiu for leaving RavcoruL — letters ta 
Hsrmj and Moore oonccnuDg thv Auto- 
Uq^r^y. — Letter to Lady Uyron. — 'Hie 
Tmon of Jadgnient - - Pagu 5-J4 


Dfeptrturv frcna RaTvona. — Mode of Life tliere 
tketeh«d by Madamv Gui«e>oli. — llogcrs's 
^Mtical Rooon] uf liti ML-vting with Lord 
ByroD at Bolojl^na. — Ink-rvicar with Lord 
Clara. — Lord Byron crosBes tlie Apennines 
<ritk RofCETH. — VUil to tbo Ftnrence Galley. 

— *fiti*n*» V'cnuiL — The Phti Paluce. — 
Arrival at Pin. — Letters to Murray and 
Moore — Outery against Cain. — Fintt Part 
of Htavm and Earth, a Myxtvry, completed. 

— BIr.Taaffe and his Commentary on Dante. 
I -<— ConUDiaiMalioa fioui Mr, Shcplicrd. — 

^^^ Lord Bjron's A luwDt. — ^ The Laofranclii 
^^K hkec — Origin of the Giaour Story . 536 



Pm. — Lotten to Sir Walter Scott on his Ro 
riear of Cfailde Harold, and Acceptnncc of the' 
Plftwrirm of Dun — And to Kinnaird, :Mur- 
nfi md Moore, on Ihe Outrry agnin^t the 
MyAcry. — Death uf Lndy NovL— The Tr»- 
Ipdy flf Werner concluded. — Piractos of 
Cain. — Deeiakm of the I^rd Chancellur. — 
Prapoatd Meetinj; wIUi Soulhcy, — Deuth of 
hit Daughter Allegra. — ASNy at 1*110. — 
Lactar to Murray concerning A]} l'». 
Hial. — Invited on Board the American 
Si|«MilrDa.— TranUaiioof of CliiMe Harold. 
— Partiality of Goetliu and the Gunnana to 
DooJuaa - - > - S46 



Lnten to Murray ctmecminc WemcT and tlie 
ViSMMi of Quevedb Rodivinu. — VUil of 
LbhI Oare. — Edjnburgti Rvviow on Cain. 
— Traaatlantie Project of SvttlenicnL — 

Letter to Mr. Edward EDioe — Silting to 
Mr. Wart. — His Anecdotaa of Lord Bynin. 
— Arrital of Leigh Hunt and Family. — 
Death of Shelley. — Four new Cantoa of Don 
Jiian. — Habits of Life at Pisa itketohed hy 
Madame Guiccioii. — Ancedoies. — Failure 
of the Liberal. — Rcmornl to Genoa. — 
Edinburgh Review on Doq Juan. Page SS9 

'chapter L. 


Qenoa. — Letter to T^foore oonceming bis Lite- 
rary Connection with Lei^ih Hunt and ijic 
Liberal. — Hunt's Posihuioous Attnek on 
Lord Byruu. — Friendship. ^ SUetley. — 
Heory Fox. — The BlusUDgtoiH. — Count 
\ D'Oniay and liiii JoumaJ. — Picture of Higli 

' Lifr in Eiu^luul— Dr. Parr.— Lady Byrbn^ 
Miniature. — Causes of tbc Separation. — 
Ada'i Birth-Day. — Letter to Lady Bynm. 




Genoa. — Rrtnispcct. — Characteristic Anre- 
dotea. — Lord Byron turn* hi* Views towards 
Greece. — Visit from Mr. Blaquiere- — Cuiii- 
tnunioilion with the Greek Cnmniitlre in 
London. — Hints and Suggcarions. — ProHen 
of Services Personal and Pecuniary. — 
Elected a Member of the CumuiitteeL — Pns 
pnraliont for ha Exprdilion (o Greece. — 
Letters to Bowringood Blaqniere. — Madame 
Guiccioli'ii Picture of llic State of his Miltd 
Dt this Crisis. — Departure from Genoa. — 
Arhral at Leghorn. — Goethe's Venwt to 
liiio.— Letter to Goetlie thereon • SbS 



Arriral at Cephalonia.— Argoctoli. — Dinner 
with the Officcn of the Ganrisoti. — Colonel 
Napier. — Journey to Ithaca. — Vatbl. — 
FomiLain of A re til usa.— School of Horner.^ 
Baths of Penelope. — Acw of Gcuerosity and 
Hunianity, — LoUer Irom Marco UoQHuri.— 
His Death. — State of Ponies la Greece.— 
Ditlivultios of Lord Byron's Position. — lt«< 
aidcncc at Mntaxata. — Mode of Life. — Con- 
versations on Religion with Kennedy. 
Letters to Madame GuiceioU, Bowrtng, the 
Greek Government, Prince Mavrucnrdatu, 
nud Douglas Kinnunl • - 594 





r^ha^T*'" — Lcttcn to Bowring uid Moorcb 
vCbanetoistic Anecdotes. — AcboT Gcn»- 
remty and Husunity. — Emhn'kmtian Ibr 
GneMb — Tbe Voj»^ — Zaotc. — ScfMts> 
liODoflfae Squadron. — One of th« Frigatd 
fl^itared by the Turfca, and talteo into Patrac 
— Airinl or Lord Bjno at the Roeka or tlw 
S u ol ii a. — RaMboa Ongemcairi. — L«tscn 
to ^tnnhT** ami Minr. — ArriTal u Mnao- 
loi^ki — Cnthnsiaatic Reeepdoo. — Stale of 
AAin. — Letters to Uaoooek. Page 6Q5 



Mamlei^ — La«d B^nD't Latt Birtb-day. 
— StoiUM OB iwiiflaliiii bii Thirty-dxth 
Y«ar. — K^attan to Haneock, Tunuf Pacha, 
BarC Mayvr. aad Douglas Kinnaird. — 
Aninl of I^rry. — > Lord Bynm takes Five 
Hmtdrad SoBolc* into his Par, and am as 
thnr CoBHBawler. — Uu Humane Polvr.— 
P l y iaOaJ Attack ud Lcpaoiti. — Appointed 
Comna^ar ef the Expcdttiam. — Diffipoltica 
aad riiiliaiiaMiiin — Lettrr to Londo. — 
fVilawl fUMihira — Fi^ Preae. — R«p«are 
vilh ibt 9iakom. — hati Byroad Fim IH- 
ae«.— Hcwtcy.— Senifai tt* Bdaiaa af 
Twenty •fear Twkofe Wans md. CUdnD. 
•nd Mwfe Ibatn al hia ovb Eipc a w to 


Madhi^kk — t>ard ByTtm'a laaC lattar to 
lb; Maoay.— Bcpottod Satire an Gifted.— 
laaliaiaiiiii ot tW Svliocok — Letam to 
ltaaa% KoMady. Ptwrwa. BariT. and Has. 
vmk M<w» of Defaw. — riiliiii J 
-hi 1i I mA the Gnek Oinaiiili — Ik. 
Jii^cK. — la t iiaiiing 

Chitft. — Tunnilta. — Cooaequeneea of the 
Ncpt».armsl of the Loaa from England. 

Age 094 

Laa lUncaa aad Death 



. es4 

- 643 


No, I. — Two Eputla&fxntbe Annedan Vct^ 
non ... £59 

Na II.— Remarka on Vr. Moore** lift oTLocd 

Byroo, by Lady Byran - - 6GI 

N0.IIL— Letter of Mr. Turner . €63 

Na IV. — Mr. Hillingen'* Aeeoaaiar Aa Cen- 

roltadon. Ac - - - 064 

^'o. v.— TbeWmofLord Byrao . 665 

Reviear of Wordnronh^ Pociiai, SVoJa. 1807. 

Review oT GcUS Gotgnptj of Ith«% and 
Ituenry of Giccee - - 670 

ftfii am en tary Spcachcai 

Debate co the FraiDe-work Bni, tn the 
Hooae of Lardt, Feinary ST. 18IS. 


Debate on the Eari d- Duuoiigbuw fet 

Matknfara Commmee on iki Bnaaii 

Chlholia Oabna, April SI. 1619 - 678 

Debate on U^ir Cwtwi^ht^ F^Ckiaa, 

Joael. 1813 - -ess 

A FiagmcBt . - - CS4 

Letter to John Marray, Ei^ oa Aa Rev. W. 

I. B«wts*ft S tokf la on lb Life hmI Writ. 

iaga at F^ ^ - - «? 

ObaeraaliaM apoa " Obasvaboaa:" a Seao^ 

Leaar to John Mann, £«^ om the Re*. 

W. L. BdwleS StxieCm oi tW Lilh aad 

Viitii^ at Pofe . TOl 














December, 1829. 


— -w 

Iv praMnting these Voluiors to the public 
Xikould have fdt, I own, coosidenible tlifll- 
dencc, from • sincere distrust in my own 
ivcfi of cluing jiuLJi-e to such B tank, were 
not vrll coavini.*etl that there ii in the 
•ut^ect ttaeif, and in the rich vBriety of 
auterab here brought lo illustrate it, a de- 
Itce of attnctioQ and interest which it wouhl 
bedtffiaUt,even for hands the most unskilt'u), 
to cxthyuish. However iumcntablc were the 
ciinumtances under which Lord Byruii be- 
ctne estranged from his country, to his long 
■iMBce from England, during the most bril- 
fiut period of his powers, we are indt;bted 
Ibr ifl those interesting LDlters vliich cout- 
pOMtfae greater inirt of tlie Second Volume 

I (1W vlgtoal adliioa «m In two roluiBM, 4tn. ) 

* ^ Ihmt Lotttn m unong lb* beil In our ljuiswir«. 
TkifartlHsiflboiedttuntitoMof Popcuid Widpoia; 
1^ tmn mat9 maUcr m them Ihan Uiom of Cowpor. 
^■■■h| tkM Bsnir o( UMfiB vttra nat wHUun meivlj for 
A* IwOwiM to whom Ui«r wcrv iltvrUA, but waro 
piari qMlM awnt lo tw rmi br ■ I'ltv cirelp. w« 
tlt ia>a Id And tbem tlmrer and •plilUil. tMU itoflclrat 
hwM, Wc b«^ bMfi »tnntAf cUuppolntcd i mmI w« 
^ManftM, thai it tbt vftlKoLirr Kjl'of L«rdBrma 
•« MUtM, it «u s rm and adaUfaUiliiatuce o( that 
UghMi art, vUcb caniwc b* AfllBfBbbMl front DUUK. " 
^Umkmrgk An. 1811, 

nf this work, and which will be found equal, 
il' not suptuior, in point of vigour, variety^ 
and livdinessr to any that have yet udomcd 
this branch of our literature. 

What has been said of Petrarch, that " bis 
correspondence and verses together afibrd 
the progressive interest of a narrative in 
which the poet is alway.s identified with the 
man,"willl>e found applicable, in a fiu* greater 
degree, to Lord Byron, in Whom llic literary 
and the personal cliaraeter were so closely 
interwoven, that to have left his works with- 
out the instructive commentary which his 
Life and Correspondence afford, would have 
been equally an injustice both to himself 
and to the world.* 

" ThMv Uttert nnnot tM pcrawd witltout pmtudiis 
an mlarftnJ ntlmatlon afthe imattj po«l'i Ulutiand 
■cxumpllthmciiti. I'btjnaim II lianlljr doubtlU that 
b»d hU aSt bMfl titoloDsed. bt vouU have ukta bla 
place la iba rary tlrtt rank of our proaa Utariinro aisa. 
Uvro •n>ajiDbarl«M tirfcf and nfldapMrh^tatolnurt^- 
tlve. >crl«u and conalc, dlalingulabad brsnaMcvIr coat' 
taoMta at >iinplKlt]r, naersr. nd «raca.— oT crMal 
diMitililtlm. at oDCKlasaolonasBilpniftiuad,— of Htlra 
iKitb Mn-n and ptajrftili nvt aarpaaaad In modani daya j 
■nd, a&ova alt. her* ar« maicriptj of mMital HBathia la 
•II fWMlUr tarlrtki. wortlijr uf him who vat rquaJljr at 
buaiK In cbe tlarkc*! p&uliia of Harold, and tht alrint 
levtl; Q( Btf/po." — Qmart. JUv, 1930.] 




The fevouraMc reception which I ventured 
to ftnticipate for the First Volume of thiji 
Work has been, to the full extent of my ex- 
pectations, realised -, and I may without 
fcrupic thus advert to the siirces'iit has mirt 
with, Iwing *ell aware thnt to the intercut 
of the subject and the iiiuterialK, not lo any 
merit of the editor, such n resnlt is to be rt- 
tributcd. Among the Icm n^rccnblc. though 
not Icut valid, proofn of ihin niicccra may he 
counted the attacks which, from more than 
one quarter, the Volume has provoked ; — 
attacks an^' enough, it must be confessed, 
but, fram their very anger, impotent, and. as 
cont^ning nothing whatcvor in the ithupc 
either of nrgunient or fBCt. iint entitled, 1 
may be pardoned for sajing, to the sUghtcut 

Of a very different description, both m 
regards the respectability of tlic imiirce from 
whence it comes luid the mysterious intpn-nt 
involved In its contents, is a document which 
nude itt appearance soon aRer the fonuer 
Volume', and which I have annexeil, with> 
out n Mngle line of comment, to the present ; 
— contenting myself, on this [)Dinful subject, 
with entreating the reader's attention to some 
extractii. as beautiful as they are, to my mind, 
convinring, from un unpublished pamphlet 
of Lord Byron, which will be foitnd in the 
following p«ges. * 

> It ItAlmott unnKDuarj toNpfriMUicrradortbattha 
pAragTAph at p. 41$- iKicliiDiDB " Haw gruumlleu." Ac. 
vu wrbtoa A^^tarv the a^f*AtaUM o( tltti ucnonUurf 

' [Rh p. M. nd •!*» WMkj, p.HOt.1 



(Decenbrr. 18Sa] 

Sanguinely aa I was led to augur of the 
reception of our First Volume, of the suc- 
cess of that which we now present to the 
public I am difipnscd to feel even sxUl more 

ciinfident. Tiiouj-h self- banished fromEng- 
Ittnd, it was plain that to Rnjiland alone Lord 
Byron cootinucti to look, throughout the re- 
mainder of hi*) days, not only as the natural 
theatre of his litcrarii' fame, but as the tri- 
bunul to which oil his thoughts, feelings, vir- 
tues, mid fniillics were to he rcfurrcil ; and 
the cxclamiition of Alexander, " Oft, Athe- 
nians, hovr much it costs me to obtain your 
praises! " mii;ht have been, with eqiinl truth, 
uddressc<L by the noble exile to his country- 
men. To keep the minds of the English 
pubtic for ever occupied about him, — if not 
with hiN mcriu, with his fiuilts : if not in ap- 
pliiuding, in blaiuiag him. — was. day and 
niiflil, the constant ambition of hta !»onl ; and 
in the correspondence be so regularly main- 
tained with his publiFibcr. one of the chief 
mediums thrnu^b which Ibis object was to 
be effected lay. Mr. Murray's house hcinR 
then, as now, the resort of most of those 
literary men who ore. at the same time, men 
of ihcwarld,ltii; LonUhip knew thatwbaievcr 
piirticiilHTTt he might wish to make public con- 
ceriiiu!" Iiintsclf would, if transmitted lo that 
quarter, be sure to circulate from thence 
ihrougbout MKrirty. It was on thi-s presum[>> 
tion that he but rnrety, ns we shnll' find him 
iDorc than once stating, corresponded with 
any others of his friends at home ; and to 
the mere accident of my baring been, myself, 
away from Kngliuid, at the time, was I in- 
debted for the titinicrouB and no less inte- 








December, 1829. 






It hu been sakl of Lord B>Ton, that " he was 
prDwlerofbemgndcsceiidantof tho<ie Byrons 
of Xonnandj-, who accompanied W'Uliuiu the 
Ct)ni[ueriir into Knglanil, tnan of hn^Tnf; been 
the mithor of CUiliie Hnrulil aiul Muiifrcd." 
lUi remark is not altoi^cther unfouiiiled in 
truth. In the character of the noble Poet, 
the pride of ancestry -was undoiihtciily one 
of toe most deckled features , and. a<t fiu- tu 
ajit>>]uil>' alone pves lustre to deocent, he had 
Cftrj nauon to bu«i«t of tlir rluinu of his race, 
la DDanuda^-faook, the name of Ralph tie 
finrun ranks hich aitiunjc the tensinls of land 
■a NDltingham^nirc ; and in the suLreeediiifr 
TUis. under the title of Lordn of Horcstan 
TmIc', we find his descendants Kahltng 
rosfiidenhle pMseasions in Derhysliire ; to 
»hich, afterwards, in the time of Edward I^ 
*mr added the londn of Itocltdale in Lnn- 
CMliire. So extenKivc, indeed, in those early 
Thnra. wu the landed we&Uh of the foiuilv, 
'^ ' the paitition of their jiroperty. in 
ihire ftlonc, has been MilHctent 
muk of the ^rst fiunilies of the 

Its antiquity, howercr. was not the only 
Atinction by which the name of Dyron caoie 
nooamendcd to Its inheritor ; those perAouul 
Mrita and arcom|ili<)hDients, which form 
llir best omanieiit of a geneak)g\', seem to 
hne been displajred in no nrclinarv degree 
byuawofhiauKeston. Inoncof^his own 
tari; poems, aHuding to the achtei-ements of 
ktt race, he coaunctnarate!i, with Diuch sii- 

< •!■ lU f«rfc of nandtr" ht* TfaonMon, to bit 
HkMrr tf NootaglMniibln, ~ ihere wii « euOt, Mm* 
4 Ita ntM Mbmal an j^ vlilblv. olted HnrcMu 
tm», Kfekh na tto chM mmtoD «r hia (lUlph dc 
i^«i^) MMMMn." 

tm&frtion. those 
among them, 

' who (iroudly to bfttClo 
Led tbnir «ai»al* from Europv to ralrtUnc'i plain.' 


* Near AiluloD't tov«ri JahB «f Hnriiton ilumbsri i 
UDDcrnd b the tund of hU nUnMrel tiy il«a.tli.' 

As there u no record, however, as far b» f 
can discover, of any of hi^ fuicottoTH having 
been engaged in the I loly Wars, it is posaible 
that he may have had nooiher authority for 
this notion than the tradition whiih he found 
connecteii with certain strange grotipti of 
heails, wliich are represented on the old 
ponel-work, in some of the chambers at 
Newstead. In one of these gniujw. conwRting 
of three heads, strongly carved and projecting 
from the panel, thu centre figure evidently 
rei^resents a l^uracen or Moor, with an 
European ft-ioale un one h'hIu of him. and a 
Christian soldier on the other. In a second 
grour>, which is in oae of the bedrooms, tile 
female occupies the centre, while an c&ch 
side is the bead of a iSaracen, with the eyes 
fixed enmcHtly upon her. Of the exact 
meiuiitig of tbene figures there is nothing 
certain known ; but the tradition is, 
undeTHtuiKl, that tliuy refer to some love- 
advenlure, in which one of those eniaadent, 
of whom the young poet .ipcaks, was en- 
gaged. « 

(>f the more ce-Ttain, or. at least, better 
known exploits of the ^mily, it is liufficieat, 
perhaps, to ^y, that, at the niege of Calais 

* ["Tb«firttIi.p«rhip«,UM«lMiaatlcjdaU«fOiT.d^ 
•olpttTv o( tho Swacro aad the CbrlttUa warrlBr coo- 
(■idtBR ftir the UbenOlon oT tbn chittch i tb« otkcr tn^ 
bar* b«Mi lh« oU hrourile ccdcalMtkal atorj- ctt SuMO- 
mh and th* «Lden."— Galt.) 





iinJeP Edwiu-ii III., oiul on the fields, nu"- 
jnaiTiliU' in thfir respcimvc eras, ai' (?ressy, 
Bosworth, ami Marsfon Moor', the name ot' 
the B>Tt)iui rea|>«(I hnniJiirM Imlh of mnk uiiU 
fanic, of which their young (li>6ccnLJiint has, 
in the verses just cited, shown himacllf prowJly 

It wofi in the rcijfn of Ilcnry VIIL, on 
the dissolution of the raoHostcries, thni, by a 
ro>'»l RTant, ihc chiirch and prinry of New- 
stcud, with the liLiid^ (uyoimti^, were added 
to the other possessionJt ol" the BjTon family.' 
The tavourite upon whom' ihc^ic xpoiU of uie 
ancient religion were conferred, wus the 
cranci uepJiew of the gallant soldier who 
joufrht hv the »ide of Kichtnond iil Kiiswnrth, 
and is {[i.stininu.slied from the other knights 
nftlie Haine Cliristimi name in the family, liv 
the title of ■* Sir John BjTon the Little, with 
the grcnt beard." A portniit of thi-* per- 
sonaj;c was one of the few family pitlirrt's 
with whieJi tlic walls of the abhey. while 
in the possession of the noble [wet, were 

At tbc coronation of James I. wc fluU 
another representative of the fiimily selected 
as an ohject of royal favour, — the grandson 
of Sir John Byron the Little, being, on thi.<i 
occasion, mule u knight of the Buth. There 
w H Ictu-T lo this pcrsonapr, prescn'cd in 
Lodge's Illustrations, from which it aj>pcarN, 
that notvrtthstundiiig all these apparent in- 
dkatiotw cif prositerity, the inroads of pe- 
cuniary enitiurr»:4»ment had already lx!^nto 
be experienced by this ancient house. After 
counselliiif; the new heir as to the be^t inode 
of getting free of his debts, ** I do therefore 
advijte ycm," enntiniies the writer '. *' that so 
soon as yon have, in such .sort an tshall Ix; fit, 
finUhed your father's tiincridiv, to dispose and 
disperse that great household, reditcmg them 
to the mmiber of forty or fifty, at the most, 
of (dl sort« ; and, in my opinion, it will Ik 
fiir Iwtter for you to live lor a time in Lan- 
cashire rather than in Nott.s, Ibr iimny ^ood 
reasons that I can tdl you when we meet, 
6lter for words than wriiinj;.'* 

■ Th« priofy of NBK.tMd liwi lum fnunilcd and dwU- 
Mtnl lo God ud the Vlrfln, br l]«urT ILj aixl tU 
iMBki, who were rutmi rcKular a( thr af4rr of St. Au- 
(uathw. appear Id bate been pccullM-ly (hi' objpcu of rojil 
fkvour, no W* ia ipiritual th«) l» tnnporAl rutmrnu. 
During tkr lifrtiniH nf fh« BRh Lord ByrDa, U^ore nu 
fouqd Id Uu) UIui at NMrrtvait, — *hrtr it ti luppoird to 
hftr« baen Uirown br cDocMtnaiil br the monkt, — k 
Un« braai Mffl*. In the badj of which, on III brloft tevi 
to be HesDiM, was dlMOfvrvd « ncret apertur«, rcuf-od- 
Inf within It anuMilHrifeldlegaljwsinnnmiMvtml with 
tlw rifliu and pttrtUfH flC tlw IbuBdMlati. At Ui« ulo 
of tbo aid hwd'i eflbcn In 1T7S.7, tkk amis, logftbcr with 

tlww <»MdttUlli>, IbHnd >( Um MM tkM, «M pWdMMd 

br ■ vMchnuker ot Sauiag^am (bf when Uwcmratlcd 


From ilie following reign (rharlf-s I.) the 
nobility of the family date its origin. In the 
year Ki-Kl, Sir John Byron, great gntndsoa 
of him who succeeded to the rich domains 
of Newstend, was created Boron Byron of 
Rochdale in the county of Lancaxtcr ; and 
SLidnni has a title tK:en beiitowed for such 
hieh and honourable senices as those by 
wbtrli thi» nolilcinan deMsrved the gmtitude 
of his royid master.* Througli uhmwitcvcry 
papc of the llintonr' of the Ci\Tl Wars, wc 
trace h'u name in connection with the \7ir>ing 
fortune^ of the king, and find him faithful, 
persevering, and djsinterested to the last. 
" .Sir Jidui Biron," says the writer of Colonel 
Ilutchintion's Meinuirs, " afterwarils Ix>rd 
Biron. and all hltt brothers, bred up in amu, 
and valiant men in their own periKins, wtre 
all piLShionatel)' the kmcu." There ia also, 
in thL- answer which Colonel Hutchinson, 
when governor of Nottingham. retJimed, on 
one occnsion, to hi.i cousin-^crmai), Sir 
Hidiard Bmui, a noble trilmte to the valour 
and fiddiiy of the family. Sir Richard 
having sent to pre\-ai! on his relative to sur- 
render the cahtle, received for luiBWcr, that 
"except he found his own heart prone to 
such trenchcry, he might consider there was, 
if nothinj; else, »o much of n Biron's blood 
ui hiin, thut he should very much scorn to 
betray or quit » truiit he hotl undertaken." 

8tu-h are a few of the {gallant and distin- 
pii>)hed iM-rsonngf», through whom the name 
and liotiniirs of this nolile house have been 
trntifeinitted. By the maternal side also 
Lord Byroit had to pride liiniself on n line 
of ancestry as illustrious as any that tScoiLind 
can Ijosht, — hi.H mother, who wiis one of the 
Gordons of (iighl, havini; bL-en a descendant 
of that ^ir \\'illiam tJordon who waa the 
third M)n of the Earl of Huntley, by the 
daufthter of James I. 

After the eventful period of the Civil Wars, 
when Ao many indiiiilimU of the house of 
Bymn diatinguiiihtd themselves, — there 
having been no less than seven brothers nf 
that family on the field at Kdgehill, — the 

mnn>i«rH|it* w«-re dtMwteml), and hatiog fratn hit 
(iuhhI inioiiiuiB nf Rlr fUcbard Kajo, i prrtyitiQi nl 
Suuth*(rl>, rnrin* at prt*cnt a tcr; Tcdmrkablc omaant 
oftbo rMbedrBl otUiAt plicc. A curloiu docuODeot, taid 
to b«v« hwn aroooit tbnir raiiiul In th«i cBgl*, U now Is 
tbc poMMtlan of (.'obad WIMman, rontainlv « grmat of 
full p«rdnri iiont Ilenr) V. ot erery poMlbIa crinw (and 
ihi'tF U n tolcrablf Iodh catalofse eDWDenled) wlilcb 
thr> tnonki mlKht ha>F omiwiiltad piwbmu to tba Mb ol 
Dvconber prccrdlnK :— "JViirtfMf, pflrfpaufMf mteimmm 
mnttm dirtn Samnbrit ulttniD prKtclIlun pCTprtrotil. d 
HUat fdrrtnt. rrcfplli.'' 

* Ctlbcrt, »«TMiU» Earl of Shrewibury. 

* fFor a oopkui in<aiiolr or ibe first Lord Bjtob. 








celebrity of the name appears to have died 
awsy far near n rentnrv. It was iibout the 
IioO, thut the shipwrt-'ck and suffcfinjiJi 

Mr. B^Ton > ( the gnindfather of the Wlxv*' 
trious subject of these pagc»<) nwokenud. in 
tM mall dq^ce, the attentioti and h|riipachy 
of the public Not lotig after, n less innocent 
•ort nf notoritly iittatrli(.-d itnelf to two otbpr 
meuibcrit of the faiiuly, — une, the grand 
onclo ol' the Poet, and the other, his father. 
The fonncr. ti> the year 1766, stootl his 
trial before the Hoiue of Peers ' fur killit^, 
m A tluci. or mther BciifBc, his relation and 
Ddfhbuur Mr. Cbawnrth ; am! the liitLur, 
having carried oil' to the Continetit the wife ^ 
of Lord Camrarthen, on the nuble iiiarqui!! 
obtmninfi a dirorce from the lady, innrried 
be*. Of Ubb abort union one daughter only 
WM the inajc, ttic Hninnurable Augusta 
ByroOt now the irUe of (xjloiiel Leigh. 

In mriewini; thua nirsurily the anecstors, 
botfa near and remote, of Lord Hymn, it 
cannot lail to be renmrked how strikingly 
he combined in his own nature some of the 
bcM and, perhaps, worst qualitictt that Us 
Acvtleml tJinnign the various rhiiraeters of 
hit) predecasftura, — the generosity, tlie love 
of eutcrprise, Uic hiifh-minJcdDess of some 
of the better spirits of his mce. with the ir- 
rcgnfairpaaioDit, the eccentricity, and durlnfi 
ircfclowa— OT the world's opini<>n, that so 
■Midi dumuterised others. 

Tbe fine wife of the father of the poet 
fasTV^ ttied in 1784, he, in the fullowlnf; 
year, nurried Miss Catherine Gordon, only 
AtU and bdresB of Ocor|;c Oordun, Hsq. of 
Oioht. Id additian lo the estate of Gight, 
which had, however, in former times, been 
OBuh more extensive, thlt Indy pussi>s<tcd, 
in readr money, bsjok shares, &c. no incoti- 
wderabie pmperty ; and it was known (o be 
solely with a view of relieving binuiclf fntm 
bii cfebts. that Mr. B^Ton paid hu addresses 
to her. A ekeoniBtancc related, as having 
tilcea place before the marriage of this lady, 
MM only shows the extreme quicktiess and 
TeheaKncc of her feelings, but, if it be true 

* aftwwirdi AttelraL — [ S«r HvMrnAiu.] 

■ [te WalBinctn-lull. Um IGth nd ITth of April. 
Nt m sanmirtf Rpon of Ibti lnKre*cln« crUI, mo 

* (AnaUs D'Airj*. baimuM ConjMi. doushtn eiS 
■ttot. tomOi Mri of HolderMM. Bj- bet iSulh. J«- 
laq W^ 17*4, th* mkIvM barony of Coofen A ct e no dad 
MiMcidNt (OB tiytor Cint hiMbmd. Harqidi of Cv. 
tm^mm, iftanrwdt Dak* oT LeKb.] 

* (Mn. HldaM't ant apfmn a t m it tlM E4lnbar(h 
bA*. I* a* iwt ti iMbriU, lb 8Mlli«nt'i traitMj 
«r tlw tr^tat Mwrt^v. wu on ttHi U or Ji»», ITM. 
"At mt ttM^** «y« • crltlp, -Om mdu the sadlrnro 
4lh tkfi M M iKhw. the hcrron ap lbs mi wUh 

that she had never at the time seen (^optoin 
Byron, is not a little strikinjj. Being nt the 
Edinburgli theatre one night witcn the cha- 
ructer of Isalielln was pcrfonned by Mrs. 
8idd(His, so affected whs she by the powprs 
of tliin ^reat nctress, that, towards the con- 
clusion of the play, she fell into violent fits 
and wan rnrntKl out of the theatre, scream- 
ing loudly, " Oh, my Biron, my Birun ! "■• 

On the oceosion of her marriigc there 
appeared ii buUHd by some Srott-h rhymer, 
which ho.s been lately reprinted in u col- 
lection of the " Ancient Ballads and Songs 
nf the North of Hrotland ' ;" and as it bears 
testitnuny buth to the reputation of the ttidy 
fur weahli, and that of her husbiuid for 
raker)- aitid cxtravagimce, it may be worth 
extracting : — 


wluTv u« ffs gstm, basi7 Uln Gordnt ? 

O wbtrn arr jrrsMii, Me boDtif ■n' bnw? 
Yc'rc married, jv'it nivrind wl' Juhmi; B/ran, 

To njuaiidirf the landl o' (Jifbt awa'. 

7%U jrouth U a n1t«, (nt EaglaDd be'i nm« ; 

Tlv Scot! dinna km hia ntraetlon ava ; 
Be krciw up hU tnlnn, liU lanillQTd hr iluni, 

Thal'i tut drawai' tbe Undi n' Glglit avra'. 

O «har« an jt gaeo, Ac. * 

Tlw ibooten'o' guna, on' rmltlln' o' dnnn». 

'Hie bujlB la modi, the ptpN (' fb« lia', 
Th« twaglM a hovHn'. tho taouDdi a fTo«)ln' 1 

Thcic wandliiei wUl toon gar Gfgfal gMig nra'. 
O wban U9 y gsM, Jte. 

8oon after tlie niurriuge, which toi>k place, 
I believe, at Bath, Mr. Byron and hL< litdv 
removed to their estate in Scotland ; and it 
was not long liefore the prognohtics of this 
luiltad-aiaker began to be realised. Thi; 
extent of that chasm of debt, in which her 
fortune was to t>e Nvnllowcd up, now opened 
Upon the eyes of the ill-fated heiress. The 
creditors of Mr. Byron lust no time in pessing 
iheir demands ; and nnt only vtan the whole 
of her ready money, bank shares, fisheries. 
Sic, sacrificed to satisfy thcin, but a large 

Fncn all ildct Ibe hoiue, hark the rtj how Ir nrvlli I 

WhJIs t1ifl ba%r* ar» tarn wirh tnott b(«rt-|>lpn-lt>K yvtU. 

Tlie mliaea all ialnt. H bceooMa tticai to vaMlr, 

AihI thBlrchadaar«*or«dtba(UiejnaT*r liKik gimttlj. 

Evra iMlfn adranced to ibrh- gnmd cUmftctcrlc* 

Ar« often Inlout Id a Bt of hjntrtlra : 

Tbr Krvami vc wlde-vaAvd cart, •ttil, M»ith. and Borth, 

Loud tcbo pfulcngi ihem on boUi aidaa Ih* FnTDi." 

S<or* M»K- tTM. 

Hr. Caawpbnll uy*. that " the owm-hnMUdl houara whldt 
■tw drew tMXuUmeA IHiicm lo taxay liidlriduab. and thai 
the medical tweoitf of tfdinburgh owed bcr a l«4n) of 
llif li rpyanl. trrinf tbnl iheir pntHv* mat (ncrvaacd bf > 
prrvident liHlUpotillQn. whkh fot tbm iubm of Utr SM- 

» [Bdkad by Piter Hvibm of PMerhcad, isas,] 

B a 





sum nuaed by mwtffige nn the ratal t^ (or the 
same purpose. In the summer of I Txti. she 
and her hu^hond leA Scoiiaml in prnceed to 
Franct; ; ancl in the follow iii[»_v'*Hr [hf I'sluto 
of Gight itscU' was solil, and the wboh' of the 
piirclia^e rnoiifv iipiilied to the further pay- 
mctit of licbtb. — with the exccptioi] of n 
email ■nini vested in trustees for the tiw; of 
Mrs. Byron, wh<> tliu.-* found herself, within 
the short tipaec of two yoan, reduced from 
competence to a pittance of IM)/. |>er 
annum. ■ 

From France Mrs. Byron returned to 
EnsUnd at the close of the year 17S7 ; and 
on the 22(1 of Janimr). 17BS, i;avc birth, in 
Holies Stre«t, London, to her firnt and only 
child, George Gordon BjTon. The name of 
Gordon waH added m eoiupliuncc with a 
condition iin|i(>scd bv will on whoever should 
twcojiie hubband of the heirpss of (iij^lu ; 
and at the haptism of tiie child, the Duke of 
Gordon, and Colonel Dufl'of Fe ttercsso, stood 

In rcfi-rence to the circumatance of his 
being an only child. Lord Byron, tn one of 
hit joumahi, nientionK ttouie curiouH com- 
cidenees in his family, which, Co a mind 
dijqxiscd OA hU was to rcpiu-d evtTy thing 
connected with hini»clfa.s out of the ordinary 
course of events, would naturally appear 
even more strnngc irnd sinj.nilar than they 
arc. " I have heen thinking," he mivb. " of 
an odd circunistunve, My daughter ( I ), my 
wife (2i, my half-sister (3). my mother (i), 
my sister's mother (5), my niilurul daughter 
(0), and mvaelf (7), are, or were, all on/i/ 
children. My lister's mother (Lady Conyera) 
had only my hidf-slstcr by that, .secund mar- 
riage, (licrsetC too, on only child,) and my 

I Tfce tMamiog p«Ttlrul«n twipwllng th« amouut o1 
Mn. ttfmn't fanmw lM<rnfi> rauTiag*, and ICi tafdd dl«- 
appMnncs aftennirtli, ore, I lure vntj rauon to tblok, 
frnrn the auihcalic •ouTcn tn whtcb 1 mm iadebuA tot 
U)«Ri, itrkllf Mifnct : — 

" A( ihi- time of th« maniaf*. Mlu GordoD wai 
poHMini nf abcHit SOOCU. la mu>iit.7. tiro tham oT the 
Aberdeen lianktaK Company, iho nutn ftf Olglit and 
MaolcihlU, and Ihr nipcrforitf of two utmon Aihlnf* on 
Um. Soon aftrr l^<r &rrtval of Mr. anil Mrt. Hjtds\ 
Oordon In Scotland, it oppnarKd that Ur. Byruii bod 
btTolT«d hlnaelT very tlerf'lr ''< ilclit. wmI hb eredUor* 
temmaietA legal iirooMMilngii fnr thr rroovvrj of tfaelr 
taaomf. Tbm rsih In hand kd* mmii (laJd avaj, — tbt 
bankiban-i urnvdlipoaed of M6Wr.. (now worth WXKW.) 

Umbci «n th« c«lalf wjm i-kit ilnwn and t^d to th^ 

amMUIt of tbCta. — Ih<^ rarm vl MunVililIt dihI uipr^rlDrit)' 
Ofttav Bahinci. alTonllnic u fm-hnld qttallllrAtlaTi, wrrc 
flli|HiHil of ai 4'*<U ; and, in adilllloii (u ttinL' wUt. 
wttbtn a year after llu! marria^ic, MOW. wu tMrrnnnJ 
nyuii a mortgks* on ifc* Mtit*. fnuitrd bjr M". BjTon 
Ciordun Id tb« prrsoa who lent 1ti» roon*T- 

•' In Marrk, IW«. a contract ofinarriagr In iJw Scij*rh 
farm waa dra»Ti tip and ilgnt^ by Uu' parttM. In ihe 
RMfM tt tbf ■WMBrt of tiiat y«ar. Hr. and Um . Byron 


father had only nu:, an only child, by hia 
second marriage with my mother, an only 
cliild too. Such a complication of nn/y 
children, all tending to oiic family, li Mngiiur 
enough, and looks like fatality almost." 
He thpti add.i, rhamcteristi rally, " But the 
fiercest aniinala have the fewest numbers in 
llieir litters, as lioii*, tigers, ard even el^ 
ptuuiLs, which ore mild in compnrixon," 

From LotKloQ, Mrs. Bj^ron proceeded 
with her infant to Scotland ; and, in the 
year 1790, took up her residence in Alicrdcen, 
where she was coon after joined b}- Captain 
Byron. Horc for A ehort time they lived 
tog(!tlier in lodgings at the hoii.>ie of a pcnton 
named Anderson, in Queen Street. But 
tJieir union being by no means happy, a ic- 

{aratiou took place between them, and Mrs. 
IxTon removed to lodgings at the otlier end 
of the i-treel. ' NoI« itiiataiiding thin st-hism. 
they for some time continuwl to visit, and 
even to drink tea with each other ; but the 
elements of discord were strong on Ixrth 
idden, and their separation was, at last, 
complete and final. He would frequcntlv, 
however, aceOf>t tlic iiurKe and his non m 
their walks, and expre&sed a strong wiiih to 
have the child for u day or two, on n visit 
with him. To Uiis retjue^st Mrs, Byron was, 
ai first, not vcr^' willing to accede ; but, on 
the rcprc&entarion of the nurse, that "if he 
kept the lK>y one night, he woidd not do fio 
unotlier," she coiiscntL-d. The event proved 
as the nurse had predicted ; ou inquiring 
next muniinjr after the child, she was told 
by ('a[ilain Bynin that he had had tpiite 
eiiuiitfli of his yoimg visiter, and she might 
take hint h(uiie again. 

It should Im; ohiwrved, however, that Mrs. 

left Giglit. and amtr Twturrtcd to ft i tbn muIo lietng. ba 
(h« foDowlag jtv, mU to Lord Haddo ftor the mbh of 
)T.a3lU., llw trhnlr of wlilrh wai applW to the p^jmenl 
at Mr. Hyran'i debt), with Ihe cnci^on of l\n/.,mtith 
rvmalnnl ai a bunli-n un t)i« *«tat«, (tlw intenvt to be 
Bpiillodtopaylncajolnturrof AU. tia. ld.taHri. Byrao'i 
tirandmotttfTr, the jirlnclpal mtutlnK. at her deMlh, to 
Mrt. Byrtin.l ajul 3000/. mtMl Id truitera for 2lra. Ity. 
rnii'4 utiwrnlp OU', which «« leitt to Mr. C*r»ew«U of 
ItotharlH, in Fifc«hIro." 

" A ktriu)^ ocmrrefkctt," «a|n another of tny tnhnn< 
oDta, " took ptafe pTrrkiu* to Ibe cale of the landi. AU 
the (Itrrn IrR tbr houic of Gljtht and, cane to Lord 
Iliiddo'i. and to did a uunbcr of ti«rom, which had Iwlll 
tin-it nnli fnr many jmn In a wooil nn iS'- taiiki of a 
l.v^ larh. rjiU«d U)n llajrttrrry ToL When thli ntai told 
to Loril llwddo. ht portlnentlj- nTill-rd. " Let Uw bird! 
ratnn. «iul do ihata no hami. for tlw land will aooii 
follow ; ' which it artually did." 

* tt appear!, thai the wveral ttmr* (JtanRMl her r^ 
ridncr durlni bcr itay at Abeniefti. m there arc two 
nClii-r tiuuaM potnteil out, where ^>e ti<d)rnl foi >oina 
tlnio : one fituiwd fai Vlr|lnla StreM, and the other, the 
hnuae of a Mr. Lnlte. I Mck, in Broad StrcaC 




Byron, at this period, was unable* to keep 
more than one servant, and that, sent an thi: 
boy was on thlt otrcaston to encounter the 
trial f>f D Tuit, without the accustomed super- 
inCeiulence ofhU nurse, it is not so wandert'ut 
timt he should hsve been found, under ;iurh 
arettznatancai, nithvrau nnniaiia>;e;il>I(.- ^eat. 
Tbat as a child, his temper was violent, or 
ratfaer soUenly pauifnuitc. is certain. Even 
«ben in petticuata, he showetl the MUiie un- 
cooxrolluilc Hurit with hi;) nurse, which he 
aft erwards cAiliited when an niithnr, with 
his critics. Being an^rrily reprimiuidcd by 
Her, oate day, for htiviu^ soiled or tom a new 
frock in which he \un\ been Junt dressed, he 
ROC into one of his "sdetit rages'* (as he 
mmsclf has dcscrihed them), seized the 
frock with both his hands, rent it trom top 
to Ituttom, qihI Ktuud in nullcii stillucxs, 
aeCtiiig hi* ccnsurer and her wrath at dcfi- 

But, notwithstanding this, and other 
Rich unruly outbreaks, — in whidi he was 
but too much eiicounu^d hy the i-xiiniplc of 
bii motho'. who fre<|uently, it Is said, pro- 
ceeded lo the same ektretnitieit with h«T 
aps, gDwnar&c., — there was in his dis- 
poMtion. as ippears from the concurrent 
teatiiDony of nunes, tutors, and all whu were 
enqiloycd about hini, a mixture of aRcctiunate 
sweetoes and pb}'fiibess, by which it was 
KupoKftde not to be attached ; and which 
Kndend him then, as in hU riper yiuu's, 
CBoIy manafceabU: by those who lo\-cd mid 
Kiidmtood him sufficiently to be at once 
■eille and Bnn enough for the task. The 
Smale attendant of whom we Imvc npoken, 
as well as ber sister. May Gray, whu siic- 
cenled her* gainnl an iuHm-nre over hli 
laipd lainit which he Tcr> rarely rebelled ; 
wbflf fas mother, whose capriciuu?) i'XL'e.<t>iL:», 
both of an^r and of fondness, left her little 
bold on either his respect or atfection, was 
I iiideliC49d tolelf to his sense of fitiul dui^ fur 
I m Bnll poitioR of authority bhc was ever 
tiw to acquire over him. 

Bt an accident which, it Is said, ocrurrod 
It tiie time of his birtli. one of his feet was 
iTMed out of its nattunl position, and this 
4ifrct (chiefly from the contrivances cm* 
y to; « J fo reniedy it) was a source of much 
I IMD and iacotn'eniencc to him during hU 
1 1K^ rcan. Tbc expedients used ut lliis 
I fenod to restore the limb to shape, were 
I doBted bv the advice, and under the di- 
IMRHt, ofthccelehrated John Hunter, with 
I vkom Dr. Livingstone of Al>erdecn cor- 
I fbinnded on die subject ; and his nurse, to 

' V'ia dMf kKf tMMi 10 aumr mUUniw of oUwr 
Od *ir tlHiM liMan* Krni», tooe anrrwitrdi, 
r Mdodkft) ' Iml Kur Om» lhnr«r tr^oltl thcjr 

whom fell the task of putting on these ma- 
chines or bnndsjscs, »t bedtimi-, would often. 
us ahe herself told my informant, sing him 
lo sleein or lell him stories au<l legends, 
in which, like most mher chililren, he took 
great di?lipht. She iilso taught him, while 
yet an inlittit, to re|K>at u great number of 
the Psalms ; and the first and twenty-third 
Psalms wen* among tlieenrliwt that he com- 
niitied lo mt-mur)'. ^ It i» a remarkable fact, 
jmleed. that throu"h the care of this re- 
spectiilile woman, who wn-i herself of a very 
religious disjfUMition, lie attained a far earliH 
ana more intimate acquaintance with the 
Sacred Writings tlian falls to the lot of most 
young people. In a letter which he wrote to 
Mr. Murrav. from Italy, in JB2I. after re- 
nuesting cjf' that gentlrinnn to send him, by 
lliu first uppurtiuiity, a Bible, be adds — 
" Don't forget this, for I am a great reader 
and mhutrer of thiMc books, and hiid read 
Uicui through and through Inrfore I wus eight 
years old, — that is to say. the Old Tes- 
tament, for the New Mnick me as a ta^k, 
but the other us n pleoAurr. I speak as a boy, 
from the pecollpcted imprphsion of that 
period ut A!*rdeen. iii ITUb." 

The mHlformutJcn o{ his foot was. eren at 
this childish age, a fiul*ject on which he 
slH>we(l peculiar senHitireitesH. I have been 
toltl by a gentleman of (ilusgow, that the 

Krson who nursed his wife, and whu atill 
e-H in his fiutiily, used otlrii to join the 
nurse of Byron when they were out witJi 
thrir respective charges, and one 'lay sttid to 
her, as they walked together, " What a pretty 
hoy Byron lit t what a pity he hus sudi a 
leg!" (hi hearing this ullusiou to his in- 
firtiiity, the child's eyes HiLshi-d with anger, 
uiid striking ut her with u btile whip which 
he held ui hm hand, he excluiuial inipntictitly, 
" Dinna speak of it I" Sometimes, how- 
ever, ns in after life, he could talk indif- 
ferently and even jestingly of thi-s lameness ; 
and there being anotlier littk^ boy in the 
neighbourhood, who luid a similar defect in 
one of hi* feet, Byron would nay, laufjh- 
iiigly. "Come and sec the twa tuddics with 
the twa club feet going up the Broad Slrcet."* 
Am(»ng miuiv instances of his quiekne-Sii 
and energy at t)iis age, his nurse mentionc*! 
a little mcidcnt that one night occurred, on 
her tuking bioi to Uie theatre lo see the 
"Taming of the Shrew." He had attended 
to the performance, for some time, with 
silent interest ; but, in the scene between 
Catherine and Pctruchio, where the follow- 
ing dialogue takes place, — 

hxtv l«M viltUn. Ihotigh ttftriM bid tUtdM 1.4>*rtll <mi 
Ui» ttacrad PoMrjroT Ukv Hebnwi lU Ui ItTc." — fsu- 
nmom Wilmw-J 

B 3 




Catk. 1 kaoM H U tlie muoo. 

frt. N«jr, tbrti. jrmi Hp.— It U tlio bluiM) nia, — 

little Ocordic (as thev callfd the child ), start- 
ing from hia st-'al, cried out boldly, " But 1 
say it w the moon, sir." 

Tlic shaft vixii of C^taui Byroo to 
Abenleeo baa already heen mentioned, and 
he again passed two or throe niunth.4 in tliat 
city, before his lust dfpiirture fur France. 
On lx>Ui occaaiomt, his chief object viu to 
extract still more uioiiey, if jHMsihle, from 
the unfortimatc woman wliom he hnd tieg- 
ptrcd ; and no far was he successful, tlint, 
dnrin^ his last visit, narrow as were her 
oieans, she contrived lo furnish him with the 
money nece«iary for hU journey to Valen- 
ciennes', where, in the following year, 179], 
he died. Though latterly Mrs. Byron would 
not see her husband, she entertaincfd, it U 
said, a stront; aflectton fur him to the last ; 
and on those occasions, when the nurse used 
to meet him in her widks, would inquire of 
her with the Icndenxit aniicty u.i to hia 
health and looks. When the intelligence of 
his death, too, arrived, her pricf, lu-cording 
to tlie uccuunt of thiH smiie ntteudanl, bor- 
dered on iliatraction, and her shrieks were 
no loud as to be heard in the street.' She 
was, indeed, a woman ful3 of the most pas- 
sionate extremes, and her ^ief and affection 
were bunts as mucit of trin|>cr as of feeling. 
To mount at all. however, for Kuch a husband 
was, it must be allowed, a most grattiitons 
stretch of generosity, Ha^inp married her, 
an he openly avowed, for her fortune alone, 
he toon dissipated, this, the Kolitury charm 
she nosscsMKi for liini. and w&x then iiiv 
niflnrul enough to taunt her with the incon- 
veniencai of that penury which his own 
cxtrii\iupince hud occasioned. 

When not quite five years old, young 
Byron wax iwnt to a day-school at Aber- 
deen, tau|;bt by Mr. Bowers ^ and remained 
there, with some interruptions, during a 
twelvemonth, sm appears by (he following 
extract from the duy4xjok of the school ; — 

Otoript Gordtin Span. 

Itth Morcraber. 17W. 

ISUi MoviBlwr, I7B— pildone gulncft. 

The tcrm« of this school for reading were 
only five .sitilliiips a quarter, and it was eri- 
dcntly less wiih a view to the boy's advunce 
in learning than as a cheap mode of keeping 

1 Dp liiT adviiuwsof inonB3r tn Ur. lljTon (uvtMi lu* 
tbsritr I bare alrendr HcH) oa. tbo 1*ro occtuloru whon 
brvialM AhmliMti. u wwll m bj th« txpentM Incurred. 
In furnlthlnt ltii> floor occupied b; brr. uft^r bli Afoili. 
Id Broail Strrr^. ■faf>K<il In drU lo llie uBuiinl at XM,, 
bf par^ "'■ tDlTfwt <") whlrh her trKomo ww rrdun>d 
to IXV. On lliU. hriwaver. ifa* MniHred to lln- vltbnui 
lacretulug her debt : tnd aa the dtvCb ol bar gntui^a. 


him quiet that his mother had sent liim to 
it. Of the progress of his infantine studien 
at Aberdeen, as well under Mr. Bowers as 
under the tiirious other personH tliac in- 
structed him, we Irnvr the following interest- 
ing particulars coiuniunicatcd by himself, in 
a hort of journal which he once begtm, under 
the title of " My Dicttonary." and which is 
prcseni-cd in one of his iiuinuscri[it iwjoks. 

" For scvcml year* of my earliest child- 
hood, I was in that city, but have never re- 
visited it since I was ten ycMrn old. I was 
sent, at five vearM old. or earlier, to a soliool 
kept by a Mr. Bowers, who was called 
' Jimby Bowers, by reason of his da[>pt!r- 
ness. It was a school for both sexes. I 
learned Ititle except to repeat by rote the 
first les«on of monosyllables (' God made 
man' — 'Let ua love hiin"), by hearing it 
iifteii repeated, without acquinng a letter. 
Whenever proof was made of my promsji, 
at home, I rejieated lbe»e words with the 
uiOHt nipid fluency ; but on turning over a 
new leaf, I continued to repeat them, so that 
the narrow boundaries of my first jear's 
flc-complishmcnts were detCLted, my cars 
boxed, (which they did not deserve, seeing 
it was by ear only that I had acquired my 
letteni,) and my intellects consigned lo a 
new preceptor. He was a very devout, 
ilmrcr, little clemman. nwnetl Boat, after- 
ward» minister of one of the kirks (EojI^ I 
think). Under btui I made astonishing pro- 
gress ; and I recollect to this day his mild 
manners iuiil gtjod-natured pains-taking. The 
moment I could reiwl. my grand pa.s$ioii was 
h'ttUirif : and. why I know not, but I was par- 
ticularly taken with the battle near Uie Lake 
Regillus in the Komun History, put into my 
hands the fir«t. Four years ago, when 
standing on Uie heights of Tustuluin, and 
looking dowQ upon the little round tnke that 
was lioce Hegillus, aud which dots the im- 
mense expaiiae Ik-Iow, I remeuibered my 
young enthusiasm and my old instructor. 
Alierwards I had a very serious, salximinc, 
but kind young man, named Patcrson, for u 
tutor, lie was tlic son of iiiy Klmemakcr. 
but a good scholar, as is common with the 
Scotch. He was a rigid Presbyterian aUo. 
Willi him I be^OD Latin io KtiddJjmui's 
Oriunmar, and continued till I went Co the 
Gnunmar School, (A«/irt-, 'Scuhle;' Abfr- 
dotiiir, ' Squeel,') where I threaded all tlie 

Iber, whrn the toci<i'«] ths 1 122(. M.-la|uwt for Utat tadf** 

- [For m tnWrcadDR iMUr.writlCD bj Ura.Brroo.aa 
hparfni of Ibe dcMh of hfv hutband, m* OTatwiuH *.] 

" In LoTiB Acre. The rrrju-nt inuli^r oftWi »Hiool U 
Mr. Darid Grant, tJit- Inp^uiuin editor at n nillpeilun of 
"BirtUti >nd War riecOT," Mid«f a work of nudiutUUr, 
cnUtlrd '■ CUm Buuk orUoctsni IVwtrr." 


rfalTI to thofimrth, when I wan recalled to 
Bn^and (where I had been hatched) by 
the dcauac of mv uncle. I wcquired tht« 
faandwririoe, which I can hardly read inviiclf, 
under the fair copies of Mr. Duncnn of the 
■me city : [ ditd't think he would plume 
trimsdf nnicb upon my pro^csti. However, 
I wrote much better then than I have ever 
done Knee. Haate and notation of one 
lund or another have quite s)>ui]t m pretty a 
■crawl lu ever scratched over a frank. The 
gnUDtnar-achool ini^lit cnnistwt of a hiin<Inxi 
■ad fifty of all ages under age. It v/as 
drklcd tntQ five claascfl, taujfht by four 
ODMten, the chief teaching the fourth and 
) fifth biinself. A.i in EngUnd, the fiAli, ^ixth 
faniM, and monitor?, are heard by die liead 

Of hii cUs«-fe]lovs at the i^atrnnnr-^Himd 
ifaerv are oioDy. of counte, still alive, by 
whom he u well reiuenilM'red ' ; and th<; 
genenU ttnpreswn they retain of him is, 
UMt he was a lively, wann-henrtcd, and higli- 
infaritcd bay — passionate and rescntfut but 
uccticnMte and coiupaniuiiabic with hix 
•diooUeUowR — tn a reniurkablc dcpvc 
TenCurous and fearless, and (as one o( them 
digRlficantlycxprcsJKd it ) " always uuirc ready 
to ^e ft blow than take one." Anion£> many 
asecdotes Qkutrativc of this spirit, it is re- 
lated that once, in rctianiing home from 
■cbooL he fell in with a bay nho had on 
fomc fdmocr o<;rn.di:)n insulted hiEi, but had 
then got uffutipunLilicd — lidle hyron. how- 
ttcT. at the time, promising to "pay him otT" 
whenever ihev !ihou1d meet Eij:uin. Accord- 
* on thw second encounter, thouirh 
were ^omc other boys to take his 
,^ inent'fi part, he succeeded in mflicting 
open hint n hearty beating. <hi hi.H retuni 
bonne, brralhle!». the fiervant int|uired what 
be had been al>out, aiul wa.s answered bv 
bhn with a mixture of nigc and humour, 
that he had l>een panng u debt, bv l>eating 
a boy according to nromise ; for that he was 
a lUVon, and would never belie hU motto, 
• 'JytuJ lUfron." 

He woft. indeed, much more anxioua to 
Aatnguidh himself an>ong \va Mchutd-fellows 
bjproweu in uJl spons' and exercises, than 

' Tb* old |>«rlcr, |«d, at (be CoUrfC. ** mtiulj omI " 
ArlBktMf. (rtUi UwrodJai'krlMidnuikM^atrawtrr*, 
«ImI k« AMMonatunieil out of Uhe CuUrga cuurt- 

'" H* wa*," Mj^anr nfmjlnronnanti, " acnodhanJ 
■ anrbW*. ami chiH iWr* oop farther (h*> mo«t boj-». 
UftfMcmlledM ' Otua,' ftg»Ba vhtdi mitilKi eafi< 
*fa«bl* ••irtoni of font, 
t" 9a nn (bqr all af tbfr hnd t>w>n la t>u«, 
Thqrbatacebacnl tbat did oOtm diacv." — Snmeit.] 

■ On tMBtnla* Um qiurtvrlf liiu Iwpt at Uxi fram- 
■''■Aaat of AbardMO, In wbicb tka nkmea at tki> boft 



hy advancement uv learning. Though quick, 
when he could be persuaded to attend, or 
had luiy study that plenseil him, he was in 
general very tow in the claw, nor .'»ecjncd 
ambitious of being pronjotetl imy higlier. 
It is the ciwtrmi. it sis-'nis, in this saminiiry, 
to invert, now and then, the order of the 
claw, so as to make the highest and lowest 
hoysi change places, — with awew, no doubt, 
of piouing the amhttion of both. On these 
occasions, and only these, Byron was some- 
tiini-.s at the liea*l, and tlie master, to himtcr 
hliii, would say, " Now, George, man, let 
mc sec how soon you'll be at the foot 
again." ' 

During this period, his mother and he 
made, occasionally, vwits among their friends, 
iiiLssing some time at Fettcrcsso, the seat of 
Ins gtKlfalJicr. Colonel Dufl^ (where the 
child's delight with a liuiuorouti old butliT, 
named l\riic*t Fidler, is still rernciulwred,) 
and also at Banlf, where .some near con- 
nections of Mrs. Byron resided. 

In the summer of the year 1796, after an 
attack of ficarlet-fevcT, lie was remwcd by 
hi.s mother for change of air into the 
Higldunde ; and it was ettlier at thin tinie, 
or in the foliowiiig year, that they took up 
their residence at n mrm-bouse in the neigh* 
Imnrhood of Bullnter, a Ihvouritc «unmer 
resort for health uiid gaiety, atwut forty niitcs 
up the Dee from Aberdeen. Though ihLs 
house, where thr>- still show with much pri*le 
the bed m which j-oung Byron slept, has 
become natuially q place of pilgrimage for 
the worhliippers of genius, neither it^ own 
appearance, nor that of the small bleak 
Tnlley in which it stands, is at all worthy of 
being assacuited with the memory of a puet. 
Wicnin a short distance of it, however, 
all those features of wildness and bcsutv, 
which miu-k the courne of the Pee through 
the Highlands, may be commimded. Here 
the dork summit of Ljichin-y-gatr Etood 
towering Iwfore tlie eye* of the future biu-d ; 
and the verses in which, not many years 
afterwards, he commemorated this sublime 
olijcct, Khnw tlmt, yoimg im he was, at the 
time, its "frowning gloi'ies" were not unno- 
ticed by him.* 

am Ml dawn ocmnllnit to tlio tiaUnn earh bolila In bla 
cUti. I[ avpcun tii April of the jrar IT!>1, th« nankd 
nf Byron, tbpn In Um m-ctouI cIau. aUtKb Iwcntjr^Uilnl 
IB a lilt of thlrty-c^i^ht boyi. In tbc April of inW, how- 
rvrr, hr h^ ritm tn bn Alth In Uio lourth ctou, con- 
>Utti>g uf lwcnij-*even bttj*. utA lud Rot nhrad of Ict«- 
Tttl of Ilia MoUraiwrarfaM, who bad imniotuljr ajwijt 
■toDil iMlbra hini. 

* KntwkhilnndliiB th» llf civ nKollectlaat npTMted la 
till* pQcm, It U [irHt^ fcnaln, tyom tb« iMtlmoaj af hi* 
DurtF. that br otrrcr « u at tfaemouauilti IImU*. vhMi ttggd 
ioai* mBM dUtaat from bla rc*id«iKa, nuro ihaa IhIcc. 



■* M. Ukk mj jmnv lDol rt B | i * In InUnrr katidrrrd, 

Uf up TO ibt boanM, ntj doali wu tlip pbld ; 
On chtcRaliu iaof perlili'd m; caffiuur;' v'n^<!i'<l 

A* Aaiif I itrode throoRb thu pino-cumr'd slule. 
I •oujtht not mjr home till Uk- dajr't dfluf elofT 

Gam place M tho nfi of tb« bright polar -•(» { 
Far Vaaey «u cluMr'd bjr tradlUaiutl •tin7. 

DfKloflttl Dr (l>* BodiM ordaxfc Irixh^na-KV." 

To the wildncsa and graatlcur of the 
scenes, among which his childhood was 
piujifd, it is not unusual to trncc tin: first 
awakening ofhia puctic talent. But it may 
be questioned whether this faculty was ever 
so produced. 'That the charm of scenery, 
whiL-h derives its chief powe-r frum fancy and 
association, sbould be much felt at on o^e 
when rsncy is yet hardly nwiike, and asso- 
ciations hut few, can with diiTicuhy, even 
niakinj; ever}- idlowance for the prematunty 
of genius, lie eonceivetl. The ilulit whirFi 
the poet sees around the forms of nature is 
not so much in the objects themselves as in 
the eye that ccntcniplates them ; and haagi' 
nation must fu^t be able to lead a i^kory to 
such scenes, before she can derive inspirti- 
tion jT»m thpm. As materials, hideed, fur 
the poetic foculty, when developed, to work 
upon, these impressions of the new and 
wonderful retained from childHooil, and 
retained with all the vivjiiness of rccolleciion 
which belongs to genius, may form, it is true. 
the purest and most precious port of that 
alunent, with wliich the mcninr)' of the poet 
feedit his imagination. But still, it in the 
newly^wnkened power within him that is 
the source of the charn) ; — it in the foree of 
fency alone that, actins upon Wm rccotlee- 
tions, impregnates, as U were, all the ptut 
with poeay. In thu respect, such impres- 
sions of natural scenery as Lord B}Ton 
received in h'vt childthootl must be cla<wed 
with the various other remembrances which 
that period leaves Iwhind — of its innocence. 
its sports, its first ho]>es and affections — all 
of them rcininbiccncct) which the poet 
afterwards converts to his use, but which no 
more "mXv the port than — to apply an 
iUiistration of Byron's own ~— the honey can 
be said to moke the bee that treasures it. ' 

When it happens — ab was tlie case with 
Lord Byron in <irccce — that the sauio 

' [•• No more— no more— oil I nevmnore on dia 
Tho fteihncsi «f tht hr*)t con (ftll like drw, 

Which outiif aU tbo lovtXf tlilifii we m« 
Bxtncta emaUoiii buuUCul And n«w, 

Hivnl ill oiir tiotoiiii llkp till' Imk o' the be« 
Thlnk'it thoa Uie haa«r «itb Uioie object! fmr ? 

Al;u I 'linu not ti tli^m, but In thy pcrKpr 

To iIouUc oroD tbc ttrccliict* ul u Bower." 

t>vn JadM, c.Ltt. !|4.] 

* Th> Utud. 

* ['* Pertikpl he did ; for cltliH' io coottnpluifig i 
pment, or medltaUiig en an abMsnt beuiUfbl vxat In 


peculiar fcatureK of nature, over which 
Memory has shed this reHecttvc chanu, i 
reproduced before the eyes under new and- 
in&piring cirenmstancet>, and with all the 

accessories which an imagination, in its full 
Tifjoitr and wealth, can lend them, then, 
Indeed, do l>oth Oie past and prt-vttrnt comb! 

to make the enchantment complete ; uuE 

never was there a heart more home away^^ 
bv thui confluence of feelings than that oF 
B^Ton. In a pucni, written about a year on 
two before his death*, he tnu^es all his 
enjoyment of mountain scenery to tlic inw 
presftions received during his residence in the 
Highlands ; and even attributes the pleasure 
which he experienced in gazing upon Ida 
and Pamusaus, fiu- less to classic rcmem- 
limnces. than to those fond and deep-felt 
assocbitinns by which they hnnipht bacK the 
memorj- of his boyhood and Lachtn-r-gair. 

" He (rho fint inrt (lie HU^ilxnd'* *wclllnK blue. 

Will luTo oich prak ihat itaaws m klHlTiBd biu. 

Hall In eacb cr«s > trfond't Umlljar face. 

And clup tbc nauunuln in hit itUod'i anbnwc. 

LoDg have I ronm'd IbrvuKh Und* whlcii are not mine. 

Adored the Alp, and lend tfa« AT><>»nlnf , 

RtrttnA Pftnuiinu, and beltold the ttnrp 

Jurv'i Ida and Olfnaput crown th» ie*f : 

Out 'twai not all long tg*-i' lore, nur all 

Their eUut* hrld mi- in tbrlr thrilling thnO ; 

Tho InlUil rapture Mill iurrlvf.! t|ir tjoy, 

And Ifoch-ni-ffar with Ida look'd o'er Troy, 

Hix'a OltU mmnorl«i wllh tbn Plxtx/fiui noun^ 

Ami IllghUnd Untu with CaitatU't ckM- fount." 

In a note appended to thht passage, we 
find hitn falling; into that turn nf anarhrnntsm 
in the history of his own feeUnga, which I 
have above adverted to as not uncommon, 
and referring to childhood itself that love of 
mountain prospects, which was but the after 
result of his imaginative recollections of that 
period. ' 

" From this period" (the time of his 
residence in the Ilighlftnd.i) "I date my love 
of mountainous countrie-s. I can never 
forget tlic effect, a few vcars afterwards in 
England, of the only thin;; I had long seen, 
even in miniature, of a mountain, in the 
Malvern IliUs. After I returned to Chel- 
tenham. I used to watch theu1c^eryaflernouI] 
at sunset, with u hcusiitioii which I cannot 
d(»cribc." lUs love of solitary nunbles, and 

narirv. m aivayi di. In uncontclnut rnnrntlon, blmd, 
U WordnwDrth *ny) o( hli owd delight In tht itrorea, *i>ur 
prcMnt IMIagi with our put ' ; uid ihiu U cuvniUlut«d 
doe tUll and etitln! emMtoti. But orithor Mr. Moont — 
poMai hnliurahljih. 1(4 u« lay of the h1|thr*t order — 
nor an; other man. con prateiut vdthor to tell or knew 
wttli «ha( fMilliiit« Lord Byraa looked on I^cbla-j-gsir 
for tba flrtt lUnr. mid on th« wa or laountaloi rollinf 
vn»y up (rvm Ballalrr to the Linn il Drti. Thrnr mutt 
have been aaakrali^n. and rlitnf:*. and »\re1Unf|i oftbs 
dlvltii' fpirll within lilm, thnt owmI not — cuuld iHit ewe 
— their birth to thopuwiTofatMciatloa.".— WiLSOK,] 



lai tiate for exploring in all ilircctioDs. led 
Unt not unfrecjueiiitv m> fur, an lo excite 
•trioui aoprehenitioru Cor >m siifL-iy. While 
it Aberaem, he useJ oftfn to staH from 
kme unpcrecivcd ; — soinctiiues he would 
bd Ids way to the sea-side ; nnil once, Hfu;r 
' toog find HnxiuuK ntiarch, tJiey tbunU the 
tdvettturmii tittle rover utriiggtinc in n 5ort 
, of niorasti ormimh. trom which he wiis un- 
ibic to extrioite binittelf. 

In the (bourse of one of his atunnicr 
excursions up Dee-side, he had an op{K>r- 
tunity oT ncetng still muri: ul'thc wUJ bc-uutiesi 
of the Highhinl* than even the neii^hbour- 
huiKi of their resilience nt Bullatrcth utfonkvl, 

Itaving been taken by hut iiiuth4:r through 

chefoaiantic posse* that lead to IiucrcuulJ. 
mud BS &r up as the smnll watcr-full, (.-iillud 
cbe Linn ui Dec. IKtl' Im luve uf uU- 
vcnturc hsd nearly cost him his life. As 
lie vros scnuiibliiig aiung a declivity that 
rhung tbc fall, some heather caught his 
loot, and he retl. Already he was 
dntrnward, when the nttendiuit 
kfly cmigtit hold ofhini, and was but just 
in time to save him from Iwing kille<l. 

It wftx about thi» jKriod, when he vas nut 
€)uitc _<ndit Jfcari old , that a feeling pnr- 
%«hing w"" "f *}}" ni't"'T' "*" '""'• than it is 
> to believe [loesible in so young a child, 
Dccordiiu; to his own account, entire 
on ofhi.^ tbouchts, and showed how 
tn thi.4 pnsMon, ua in mu.'st othiT-s, tlia^ 
Mmubilitirs nf hi» nitliire were uwuliened. ■ 
The name of the object of this attachment 
mu SIoT}' Duff; and the followiii" passa^'C 
fruui li juurnal, kept by him in f&l3, will 
■bow how freshly, after an interval of fje\*en- 
Iscn vears. all the cirrtiinstaincej^ of this 
eviy tovf ittill livcil in hu< memory : 

" 1 have been thinking iutelv a good deal 
ti Hmry Duff. How very odO thul 1 Hhoulil 
hne tiecn hs utterly, devole<lly fond of that 
pri, at an age when I could neither feci 
inrioo, DOT know the nieainn^' of the word. 
Aid the effect! My mother u&cd always 

I to nl\y toe about this chiUllih nmour ; and. 

II M last, nany yean after, when 1 was tiixlcen, 
'' A« told me one day, ' Oh, Byron, t have 
itud a letter from Edint>ur^, from Mi^s 

y, and your old swcetlieart Mury 

I married to a Mr. Co*,*' And ^vhat 

t my answer ? I really cnniMt explain or 

ftooont far my feelings at that nunnent ; 

kn they nearly threw ma into cooTulsiona, 

Sum, «» ksoM. WW but ninr jtmn old vhni. jU a 
taUvMl. h0 «w sofi Ml III kito wltli BrXrirr : 
AUmI, *tM WM hllRM-U 4 jiromi'lcKli Iov«t, ttxuMrn 
t Mriy mntSMtif tn l« m iinmlas alsa <if • >*>ul 
■4 to Ow Bn* wto I ** Effplll." )•«• ujrv, tn deMriUag 
ferthei of tit own flnt lurv, " cbc puctw powme 

uiid ulanned my mother so much, that after 
I grew better, sliu f-L-nenilly avoided the «ulv 
jcct — tome — and conlcntett herseli" with 
letting it lo all her cR-quaiiitance. Now, 
what could thi.i he? I had never seen her 
since her mother's faux pas at Aberdeen bad 
tn^en the euune of her removal to her grand- 
mother's at BttoH': we were both tlie merest 
children. I had and hnve been attached 
liJW times since that period ; yet I recollect 
all we said lo each other, all our caresses, 
her features, my restlcssuesa, slccplcsaness, 
my tormenting; niv niothcr'it tnnid to write 
for me to her, which ^hc ut lo^ did, to quiet 
mc. Poor Nancy thought I was wild, and, 
aa I could not write for myself, became my 
secretary, i remcntlH.T, too. our walk**, and 
tfie hnpjHness of .sittinp by Man', in the 
children's apiirtiiicnt, at their house not far 
from the Plain-stones at Aberdeen, while her 
lesser sister Helen played with the doll, and 
we sat gravely making love, in our way. 

" How the deuce did all this occur so 
earlv? where could it originate? I cer- 
tainly had no sexual ideas for yettn after- 
wiu-Js ; and yet my miscrv, my love for that 
girl were ko violent, that t sometimes doubt 
if I have ever been really attached since. 
Be that as it may, hearing of her marriage 
several years after was like a thnndiT-stroKC 
— it nearly choked me — to tlie horrur of 
my mother and the astonishment and uksuist 
intredulity nf cvcrj- Ixidy. And it U a 
piiL-nnmenon in my existence (for I vms not 
eight years old) «^ch has puzzled, and will 

fiu/zle me to the latest hour of it ; mid 
Qtely. I know not why, the rccailcclion (ani 
the attachment) baa recurred as forciblv ns 
ever. I wonder if she can hare the least 
remembrance of it or mcV or remember her 
pitjing .lister Helen for not having an ad- 
mirer tooV How very pretty in the perfect 
image of her in my memory — her brown, 
dark hair, und hazel eyes ; her very dress! 
I h{]ouUI he quite grieved to see hrr now; 
the reality, however beamiful. would destroy, 
or at least contuse, the fcnture-s of the lovely 
Peri wliich then i-\iste«l m her, and still lircs 
in my imngination. at the distance of more 
than sixteen vears. I am now twcnty-firo 
un<l ikUI montlis. . . . 

" I think my mother told the ciretmi- 
stanccs (on my hearing of her marriage) to 
the I'urkynscs, and certainly to the Pipit 
family, and probably mentioned it in her 

lntendooo.€pochlMliBtpr«nDo: nssqmlMU poeUs- 
ilml f rDttmaMi I' utdr dftlla (blla volRsre tn tsMs Is 
unanr uti." Caoovs tiwd to mf. tbal b» paiteMf well 
Kmembvml havlnji tttvn In luic •)in> Imt (he fmnald. 
1 (nolwtt Cockbarn. K>q., an cmlucnl wlnD-tnorcbuit 
uf Edlblnttyh, DDw ot London.) 





answer to Mish A., who wiw wt'llnaiutiintctl 
with my chiiilUh ftcncfiait, and tiud ittiit the 
titiWB on pur[x»ie for nw, — and thankrt to 

" Next to the beginning the conclusion 
hai often ocniptcil uiy reHertions, in the 
way of investigation. That the fuels nre 
thus, othen know as well as I, and ttiy 
memory yet telU mc mo, in more thiui ii 
whisper. Bui, the more I reflect, the more 
I ftm bewildered to assign any cause for this 
{irecocity of ulf cction." 

Thongh the chnoco of his succession to 
die title of his anccatora was for aomc time 
■Itoffcthcr uncertain — there Itcinz. ko Inie 
u the year 1794, a grandson ofthe iUth 
Ion! still alive — his mother had, frnm his 
very birth, clieri.shed a strong pcrtuasiun 
that he was destined not only to be a lord, 
but " a great maii." (>iie of the cirruro- 
itanccs on which she founded this belief 
was. singularly enouph, his lameness ; — for 
what reason it ih difBcult to conceive, CKrc[>t 
that. po.^ai|]|y (^havin^ a mind of the most 
aunentitioitN cast ), Khe liad coRMulted tin the 
subject some villaee fortnnc-teUer, who, to 
ennoble this infirmitv in her eye^. biul linked 
the fbtiire destiny of tlie child with it. 

By the death of the gmndi^on of the old 
lord at Corsica in 1794, the only claimant, 
that had hitherto ntoml Iwtwecn little Oeorge 
and the initncdiiitt- succc!>Hion to thcprcm^ 
was rernovcd ; and the increased importance 
which this event couferred npon tfiem wns 
felt iiyt only by Mrs. Bvron.lint by iheyouiig 
ftiturc Uarmi i>f Now^tL-ad bini-tclf. In the 
winter of 1797, his mother havini; chnnced, 
(vnio duy, to read part of a s[iecch )i|tokeri in 
the House of Commons, a friend who was 
presBDl Kaid to the boy, " We !shnll hitve the 
pleamre, 5omc time or other, of rending your 
Kpeeches in the Hou-se of <_\)romf>ns." — "I 
hope mtt," was his answer ; ** if you rciiil 
any spcecbcs of mine, it will be in the House 
of Lords." 

The title, of which he thus early anti- 
cipated the enjoyment, dcTolred to Iiim but 
too soon. Had he lieen left to stru^le on 
for ten years longer, as plain (feoq^e Bjrron, 
there cut be linle doubt that his character 
would have tK:cn, in many re^ipectii. the Itcttcr 
for it. Inthefi>Uowiiigyear(Mav 19. 1708.) 
his nimd-uocle, the fifth Lord llvron, died 
at NeMTstea*! Al>bcy, having; passed the latter 
years of his irtrangc life m a »tate of anirferc 
and almoflt savaee seclusion. It is said, that 
the day afVer liltic Byron'K ac(-(v>-sic>n Fii the 
title, he ran up to liia mother and asked her, 
" wlielhiT hhe [icrreived any difference in 
hfan since he had been made a lord, as he 
perceived none himself :'* — a quick and 
luttinU thought ; but the child little knew 


what a total anil talismanic chimge hod been 
wroiu,'ht in all his future relations with Av 
ciety, liy the simple addition of that wofd 
before his name. That the event, ai a crisis 
ii) his life, atfected him, even at that time, 
iii.iy lie collected from the agitation which 
he is said to have manifested on the uu- 
portant morning, when bi!< name wao firrt 
called out in school with the title of " Do- 
minus" prefixed to it. Unable to give ut- 
tenmce to the usual untiwer " adsuni," he 
stood silent uiiiid the gencnd stare of hin 
school-fellows, and, at last, bureit into tears. 

The cloud, which, to a certain degree, 
undeservedly, his unfortunate atlruy with 
Mr. Chaworth had thrown upoo the cha- 
racter of tlic liitiT Lord Byntn, wax ilrcpened 
and confirmed liy what it. in :i ^ireiit uiem>iire, 
produced, — the eccentric and onHOiial course 
of lift; to which he iittcrwiirds l)ct(K>k hLnself. 
Of hU cruelty to Lailv Byron', l)cfore her 
sepiirdtioQ from him, the most ciagstnitcd 
stories SkK still current in the neigh Imurhoot] ; 
and it is even ticlieveil that, in one of his litx 
of liir^', he Hung Iht hito the pond at New- 
stead. On another occasion, it is said, 
having {>hot his conchmim for some ditobe- 
dieuce of oCKlerri. he threw the corjise into 
the carriage to hU lady, and mounting the 
box, drove off- him«clf. These stories arc, 
no doubt, an gro->» fictions as some of thooe 
of which ItiN iliiiNtriouK jvucccssar was aJ'tcr- 
words made the victim : and a female ser^'ant 
of the old lord, still alive, in contradicting 
iKith talcs as scandidoiu^ fabrications, s^^a- 
\Mscn the fir»t to have hod ita oii^ in the 
i'oiloning circumstance : — A yotmg lady, of 
tJie nume of Booth, who wua on a rb>it at 
Ifewstcad. being one evening with a party 
who were diverting theui^ielrt's in fn«it of 
the abbey, Lord BjTon by accident pushed 
her into the Uisin which receives toe cas- 
cndp^i ; and out of tlii:^ little incident, an my 
iidoruuuit very pUiusihly conjectures, the 
tale of his attempting to «lrown Lady Byron 
may have betMi tabricated. 

Ailcr his ludy had M^paratcd from him, 
tlic entire N:>clnsion in uhich he livcil gave 
fiill scc^e to the inventive factUctes ul tiis 
neighbours. There was no deed, however 
darK or desperate, that the village gosops 
were not rcaily to im^nitc to hira ; and two 
gi^i images of satyrs, which stood in liis 
gloomy garden, were, by the fcars of those 
v,ha had i-aughl a glimpse of them, diguiiteil 
by the name of " the old lord's de\'ila." lie 
was known always to go armed ; and it is 
related that, on Kome particular occasion, 

1 [Thli l4^j wAt (hr dauithlM- anil b«4r of Cluiilr* 
5biw. ttq. or 0(!<thorp«-ball, Norftilk. Sbawumir- 
rii-d in aiucb, IT17. uid died Jlllj Wu 1788.] 





vhen hb ncichlMHir. the late Sir John War- 
Ito', vu ailmittci] to dine with him, there 
m • case of putols placed, hh il' fonning 
I nwtoinwy jiart uf the dinnur scn'tci-, on 
tkc table. 

Daring hi* fattier veorsthconlycuinpitnicinK 
of hb mlitude — besides that colony of 
Bitiiccs, which he is said to huvc omuK-d 
Hmelf with n^arin^ajul fijedin^-* — were old 
ihmy\ uncrwurd^ the favourite ccn*ant of 
ik uiccct»nr, and the female domestic, 
vhove authority I have just quoted, and 
tio, from the station bhe was 6U«pected of 
Mm pruiDOted to by her nnhle manler, 
*ttenM Kencrally through the ncigJibour- 
Mmm] the appelUtion of" Lad^' Iktty." 

Though liring in thU M>rdul und JM>litar\' 
ttjrie, b« was fr^icntly, tm it iijtpdurs, much 
■mtresseJ for monvv ; und uul- of the most 
•eriouv of the injuries inflicted by him upon 
the projKTtv was his sale of the family caUite 
of Rw-tidoic in Lancashire, of which (he 
mineral produce was accounted rery T;duHl))t'. 
Hv well knew, it is said, at the time of the 
s«le, hi» inability to make otit u IcgtU title ; 
DOT lA it sup[KMted that the purchiucni theiii- 
"" ' es were unacquuinlcd witJi the ilcfcrt of 
con^ej'ance. But they contemnlutcd, 
Knd, it semis, nctunlly diif reiditr, iin in* 
ilitnntty (rom any |wcuniafy loss, before 
could, in the ordinary course of events, 
Maaed of the pro|>erty. During 
lord's minority, prureedin^ were 
,_ for the re<-over> of this estate, 
the reader will learn hereafter with 

At Nrwitcajl ^. both the mansion and the 
pounds around it were suffered to (all help- 
■■1; blto decay ; and Hniuiit: the few iiiunii- 
umtB of either Liire or expenditure whieh 
ibcor locd U^ behind, were »ome niobscs of 

' [fir J>ha lioriMe Wamn, OCD., 4<i«ilfal at tba 
IMM.AM IB fabnuwr, 103.1 

* T^ tab tArd Djnoo uwd lo add. tn tlw sulbaHtr <rf 
4t«rt«ttaafllicr<UBll]r,Uiaii>a t)t(>dit]raftbHri)Hraa'i 
tefc, rtiiw niduU ill Ml Ibr Itoum tlmaltanmiulf . 
•I to smIi BomlMri, UmI tt wm iBi|mMtble ta ctdm tUa 
W mmhmvi traadlnt on Ihmn. 

■ [UntM* Walputa. vtM rlaiud NcwiWbl la ITGU. ujt, 
"k b Um *«7 abbrr- TIm grMt ««m «liMlo«r ur iho 
Avck niMta*. mmI (Miiifet* with thr bouic; tbe hall 
■■nw tto tvbrtary Mitlrv, Uw dolttirr iuit<«H')<nl. wKli 
Ikt ««fan> elilem at the convcoi, «n<l tbelr xrm* on it ; 
> |rtn» cn«p(l quba pofrcl. Thv park, utilrli U lUU 
W»lMt. hM fiol bfi^ n iwich uaptoAuiMl i ibc |ire«ml 
W l|M IBM targm Mtnu, and p«1d imtI la uld n«k*, drn 
t vwtli nf willed lii>« livpQ cut IMV (b« 
lafMnRi|MiMb»la*bufl( t*ub*lij Airb, to p«; 
Ib DMUnt fnr IttctUnago donr to thi- t\**j, MMI 
a baatfftJ or Scotch fin. Uui tank Itkr ptauib- 
IB uU fkaUr HvMtM fnr • ^attc dajr. In 
WHtarvry ffHdoDtiecUnoiifplttum.all nulmak; 
Micurj, Bvw llw $rt»t <lnwl|if-rod>n, la full of 
I Um vaulMil ruvf r«tmtnln<. but tha windowi 

ruckwork, on whirh much co«rt had been 
thrown away, and a few m-stellated huildiogs 
on the banks of the lake and lu the woods. 
The forth uimui the I.Jif w^rc designed to 
pi%'e a navul appcaraiUT to itji waters ; and 
trtMpwiitly. in his more soc'ol davs, he used 
to amuse hiiiLself with xham n^htt, — his 
vessels attacking the forts, and being can- 
nonaded by theni in return. The largest of 
these ves&els had been built for htm at some 
SCO-port on the eastern coajit, and. being 
coiiveye<l on wheels over the forest to New- 
stead, wad supposed to ha^e fidfilled one of 
the prophecies of Mother Shipton, which 
decbred tliat " when » &hip laden with hit; 
should cross over Shcrwooii Forest, the 
NewJrtcad estate would pass from the Hvtom 
family." In Nottinghamshire, " ling" a tlic 
tcrni u»ed for hcaihtr ; and, in order to bear 
out Mother 8hipton and spite the idd loni, 
the tmintry people, It ix said, run alone by 
the side of the.vesuel, heuping it with hea- 
iher all the way. 

Thin eccentric jwer, it b crident, cared 
but little al>out the fiitc of hiH defurejHlants. 
With his young heir in Scotland he held no 
conimunicalJon whatever; and if at anytime 
he biippenod to mcnuon him, which but 
THrely orriirred, it was nwtr under any 
other desigiiutiou than thnt of '* the little 
l»oy who lives nt Aberdeen." 

(hi the death of hi:* grand-uncle. Lord 
Ji)rou haviiiig becoiue a ward of chancery, 
die Earl of ( 'urU>le, who wu^ in xotnc degree 
connertoti with the family, being the »on of 
the deceased lordN siKter', was appointed 
his guardian ; and in the autumn of l'9S, 
Mrs. B,MX>n and her son. attended by their 
fiitliful Mny (imy. left Aberdeen for' New - 
Htead.^ Previously to their de[>arture, the 
furniture oi the huJulde lodgjngs which they 

have ninr drvwrt making fttr tbcm by a Vpfiriiaii tailor. 
— Nowtioad deUifblad me. Tbrro It rtk* aad C«)hlc 
indeed, — good cbambftrt, and a i-amfoiUblv bouM. 
Tti« monkAf'tnncrtjr »ii>T«tli«nnIj[ mtlbli- pM>pl» that 
bad rwaUirtPod mumHaM—OtrmptmHemtf, toI tl. p. 31 ] 

* I luMla Bjma t BarrtMl, Srat, to Hcnrj-, ItiurUi nrl 
of C^ril*)*, and, Mnadl|r. to Sir Wflllan Btuvrsr*. Uui. 
of HMto* Ca*ll», runibiirland . — Sm BvnovuMA.] 

* [*' Il would bo dUtkuU to ttaaalBa a inuuldon (Doro 
fitted. In alt it* rlrtMnnUncM, to rtamp iMtbig Inrnw o« 
loeh a nlnd ai Brren'i. He tHBW(t.uit thacbiBglnciif 
a thcalrieal tettte. from *ttj naa\j Iha nae ■I'tT'M i tr of 
outward thow til ihoothor—fhiai a tbitilif Scotch 'Sm* 
to a polacp ) and aiu- tkat, mith all lu atoompaaiiDeata 
of landKafw and tradlUon, coald not but ittmUaM to Um 
hlgtacu pitch a iptrlt nattvatlr wtane, already not l%ht)]r 
UaRod witb tupcrriltlon. and fn vlikk tiio prida of ta- 
c o i t ry had Iwm iilanlml from tlia cradli?. itrihinx tho 
dopptr root, became of lb« farlomtiOH and iiTUaloT of 
onryttilntlillbenoabcut btn— ■ngfi.andfM^Dtni'ni. 
aad >aa]atuy. ibo *«)k of tajortka flnd biillKitllr. and a 
htuafhty, •ullnt *hani«, all '-""■'■f wUi, and Bioaldiiig 
iU •btDmI iTOwUi." ~ Qiwrr, On. IgJI .] 





bofl occupied wanf with the ci(ceptu)ii of the 
plate and linen, which Mrs. mrou took 
with her, Kold, sad the whole kiidi that the 
cffecU of the mother of the Lonl of Ncw- 
Kead yielded vrm 7U. t7«. 7ii. 

FroDi the cnrly sgc at which Byron vos 
token to SrotLand, as well lu from the' cir- 
cuiiutance of hi.i mother being a native of 
that country, lie hud every reusoii to eoiwider 
himself — a.s, iti(lec<l. he boa\is in Don Jimn 
— " h»lf a Scot hy birth, and hrwl u whule 
one." We hiive already seen how warmly 
he preserved through life his recollection of 
the mountain scenery in which he vas 
brought up ; and ia the passage of Don 
Jiian, to which I have just rcfeired. hi*> al- 
lunioii to thf romantic hridpc of l>on, and to 
other loailities of Alwrilecii, showA an et|Uid 
fidelity an J fondness of retrospect : — 

A* Auld Lant Sjm* briem SrotUnd, one aoA til. 

Scotch pUld*, ilcolch tnoodi, Iho blua htUi ud doar 
Tbfl Den. t)i« lion, nalgo<rnlr*i hrlg'i htark >»I1, 

Alt my tiiif (rrlliift, ull iiij icnitter dreami 
Ur what 1 Mm drtaml, ctotiivd In thrli aan [Wll, 

t,fki> IUn(|uii'( rjilTipritiu ; — nrnJIrg pMt mcwcnu 
Hf di I till load Iti lhlichUill*lin£u of inlnp ; 
Icvc not— 'th ■ lUmpui at " Auld Luif Sjna." ■ 

Hr aad« in u note, " The Bri^ of Don, 
near the * auld town* of AlM?rdccn, with tt« 
<iH« jirfh niid its black dce|> suliuon etrcain, 
Ik in my nicmorj' as yesterday. I still rc- 
ineiiiber, tlwrnph pcrhupn I mny misquote 
the awful proverb whidi niadc nic paiiM- to 
crui,i it, Aiut yet lean over it with a childish 
iJeliulit. bctiig an only sun, iit by the 
mother's itide. The saving, as recollected 
by nie, was thin, liiii I ha%-c ne%-er heard or 
leen it since I was nine yeora of a^ : — 

" * BHc of lUlfownlo. Siatk '• fitat wa*, 
Wt' • wife'* ae m*. and a tocar'i me foal, 
DoKt) yv ttull b'.' " * 

To meet with an Abcrdonion was. at nit 
tijm-s, a dcliptit to him ; and when the late 
Mr !?cott ■, who was a miiivo of Abpnleen, 
iiuiii him a visit at Venice in the vwir ]K|9, 
In taikin-i of tht' haunts of his childhood, one 
of the places he particularly mentioned was 
Wallaccnook. a spot where there is a rude 
staluc of the Sc<)tti?<h chief still fitandirig. 
From first to last, indeed, these recollections 
of the coiiniry of his youth never forsook 
him. In hw early voviipc into (Jrcecc, not 
only the shapes of tlie mountains, but the 
kilts and hardy forms of the Albuncsc, — all, 

1 (9nWarti.p.;oT.l 

* Tkc c<oimct mdlnf of tlria Imvful U, I aadrrttaiMl, 
a« (Mam* i — 

" Vria u' tUlanwnlp, irijtA/ (•imiiK) I* Iky wa' ; 
Wl a wlhi'f mf toM on a Burv'i am foal, 
Down ihaU thou b'." 


OS he itaya, ** carried him back to Mor«-en ;' 
and. in hin laat &tal expedition, the dress 
which he himself chicily wore at*Ce]>hulonia 
was a larLiui jacket. 

Cordial, however, and deep as were the 
izjipri^sions which he rttjtintd of Gotland, 
lie would sometimes in this, as in all hut 
other auiiabie feelings, endeavour perversety 
to belie his own better nature : and, when 
under the excitement oX anger or ridicule, 
piusuikle not only others, but even himseli^ 
that the whole current of \x\s fceUngs ran 
directly otherwise. The abuse with which, 
ill hiK anger against the Rdinbiirgh Review, 
he overwhelmed every thinu Scotch, is an 
instiincc of this temporary tnoioph of wilfut- 
nciis i and, at anv time, the least association 
of ridicule with tiie country or iLh inhabitants 
was snffKieni, for the nionicnt, to put all liis 
sL-uiiuient to (tight. A IHcnd of hu once 
described to me the Imlf-playfut m^-c into 
which she WW him thrown, one day, by a 
heiMilois girl, who remarked that she thuught 
he had u littK: of the Scotch accent- " (ioiid 
ftod. I hope not!" he exclaimed. " I'm 
sure I have n't. [ would rather the whole 
d — d countrj' was sunk in the sea — I the 
Seoidi accent I " 

To such sallies, however, whether in 
writing or conversation, but little we^t is 
to I* allowed, — particularly, in comparison 
with those strong testimonies which he has 
left on record of im fondness for his eariy 
home 1 anil while, on his side, this feeling so 
indelibly existed, there is, on the part of 
the people uf Al)erdccii. who consider liitn as 
almost their fellow -townsman, a torrcapoiid- 
cril wiu'intli of affection for hia memorj- and 
nan}c. The various houses whure he resided 
in his youth arc pointed out to tile traveller ; 
to have .seen him hut once is a recollectioa 
boasted of willj pride ; and the Brig of Don, 
beautiful in itself, is invested, by his mere 
mention of it, with an additional chnrni. 
Two or three years since, the sum of five 
pound* was offered to a person in AbcrdecQ 
for ,t letter which he hnd ia his |>ossc»sioil, 
written by faptain BjTOn a few days t>efore 
hw denlh ; and, among the memoriab of the 
young pott, which are trcAstircd up by tn- 
divitlunls of that place, tlicri; in one which it 
would hn\-e not a little lunused himself lo 
htsir o(, lieing no less charactcrisric a reUc 
than an old china saucer, out of which ho 
had bitten n lurge piece, in a fit of paasioo, 
when a child. 

* [ICr. JalinS«ou.aiilluir<ir-A Wtix toFteli. 1814," 
"Pirli RnrUted. iftl&."ae. U« waa UUmI in * duel lo 


17M— 1801. 



UiXnON. — DR. HAILUK. — Dl'UVlCH- — 

It wm in the nimmcr of 1798, as I have 
■Irtaily stud, thnt Lord Bjron, tlu-ii ii) hit< 
Hrvotth year, left Scotland with \m iiiottier 
ohl niiTB^. to take possesion of the ancient 
^. . 1 -^|,pj(Q„ i„ one of his lati^t 

ptr iig; to ihis journey, he SRys, " I 

Ifcu... . ; .„;, li LcvcD as it w»jc but ywterdtty 
—I nw it bi inv way to EiislanU m 1796." 
Tbrv had airvalU orrived at the Ncwstead 
lotl-bar. and sav Uie wuotls of the Abbey 
fimf famg out to recci* c them, wlicii 
Hn. B>rnn, atrerting to be ipnoraut ot' the 
fkcv. inked the woman of tlic toll-house to 
•t»m that »»t belonged. She vus told 
Ituit the owacr of it. Lord Byrou, hiid been 
mntc moiub« dcn-l. " Ami who is the next 
hrirj'" OKkt-d the proud nnd biqtpy mother. 
"Tlu'v rxy," aoftwered the woman, " it is « 
fitllf hoy who lives nt AlHrrdeeii." — " And 
thi* i» he, bless htm!" extlaiinod the nurse, 
no lonjtcT able to contJiin hi;rsclf, mn] toniiiig 
Ci>k«u irhll deli||:l)l the young lord, who was 
Kitnl on her tap. 

Erm under the most favouniMe circtim- 
ituicni, Hieh lu) early clcratiou to rank 
vnuU be but too likely to bitve u dunpemu^ 
■Sueacc on tiie charaeler ; and the piiidanic 
taider which youotf Byron entered itpon Uia 
Vw ftatkMi was, ol all utherk, the least likely 
10 Inid bini safely through its pertl.<> uiid 
lauouioafl, l-lts mother, without judi^ment 
•r tdt^ommund, atiemaU'ly i>poiled him by 
Twliilj^iini I . and trritutcd. or — what wa« slill 
•onr — niiiiL<«tl liim by her riolence. Thai 
itang Vfuc of the ridii-uliiiiK, Tor wiiieh he 
«M lAcrwanU no reioarkuble, and which 
Auwiil ituclf thus early, g()t the Ixrtter even 
V-ar of her ; antt when Mrs. B> ron, 

^■* a short and corimlent person, and 

, il roiiMtlerabty in her palt. would, in a 

■ J 11 iluivuur to catch him. for the purijosc 

'! iin)f ptmiBbnieiit, the youn^' urchin, 

mI lM.-ing able to outstrip her. notwith- 
_: bis Uureness. would niii round tlie 

' lucbinf! like a little Puck, and mock- 

I* f*|ibc-*»ulil fflM trma |Mi«hnuta orvMO* to Um 
fl^iMao of atutai dMvuM ; * tkra ' (■« iiutile from ■ Irt- 
kl aiWoi by oiM af ht nlatloiu la ScoUud) ' dcroor 

ing at nil her menaces', [n a few anecdotes 
of his early lUl- which be related in hi^ 
" Mciuonuida," lhn)]|ih the iiunie of hiii 
mother wait nerer luenliuncd but with respect, 
it was itot difficult to perceive that the re- 
coUcctions she hiid Icl^ behind — at least those 
thHt bud nimle tlie deepest impreubn — were 
of a [Miinful lutture. One of tlic moirt striking 
l>nssapcs, indwd, in the few pu^s of that 
Mcirmir which rcluled to his early days, was 
where, in Rpc:ikin>! ot')iip> own nt-naititeue^, 
on the Hulyect of bin deformed foot, he de- 
scribed the feeling of horror and humiliatioa 
that came over him, when his mother, in (me 
or her 5t» of tMLs^ion, called him " a lame 
bmt." ' As all (hut he had felt Jitmimly 
through life wns, in KOine shape or other, 
rqiroiluccd in bL<( poetry, it was not Ukely 
that an exprc^«inn such il^ this iihotdd fad 
of being recorded. Accordingly we find, in 
the opening of hia drama, ** I'bc Deformed 

Bfrtka. Otit. hunehbuk \ 
JnniU. I «ru buni to, motlin :* 

It mav he questioned, indeed, whether that 
whole draum was not mdebtcd for its origin 
to thi« Mingle recollection. 

Wiilc Buch WB« the diunicter of the person 
under wluvie immediate eye his youth wan 
|ia.Mied, the counleraetion which u kind and 
wntchful piHrdian misht have opponed to 
such example and inHucnrc niiM ulninnt 
whnUv UiHt to liiui. Connected but rcioolcly 
with the fnmilv, and never having had nnv 
upEKirtiintty ot' knowing the l>oy, it wan with 
much reluttiuice that Lord Carlisle originally 
uiidcrtcKjk the trust ; nor can we wonder 
that, when lii^ duticH ax a guardian brought 
hint acipiaintcd with Mrs. Byron, he nhoidd 
be deterred from interfi-ring more than wok 
alMolutely necCHsary for the child bv his fear 
oi' coming into collisioti with the viofeiKc and 
caprice of the uKrther. 

llad even the character which the last 
brd left behind been tufftcicniir popular to 
pique his >oung succcfisor into an t'innlation 
of his gmAl name^ Kucb a Milutary rivalry of 
the dead would have supplied the place of 
living example? i and there U no mind in 
which Kitch an antbitiou would have been 
more likelv to spruig up than that of ByTon. 
But iiiducluly, as we have Rcen. tHB was not 
the case ; and not only wiut mi fair u ^tiu)uIus 
to good conduct wanting, but a rivalry of a 
very ditferent nature subsliiuted in il*. place. 
The stnuige unecd«>tea told of the last lord 
by the country |)coplc, among whom lib 
fierce and solitary htibitu had procured for 

blm vMb kum muti, >i»d iwcar )ib vfr» wrrs u beta 

• [B«a Works, p.100.1 




him a sort of fearful renown, were of a nature 
Urelily 10 arrest the fancv of the young jioet, 
and even to wukm in hut miim a. Mirt ul' 
lto}bili luluiimtion for Mngubirilies which tte 
found thus elcvntwt into mnltcni of wonder 
antl record. Uv some it has been even siiiv 
po&etl that in tntae storica of his eccentnc 
relative bis imn^nation fnnnd the firM dark 
outlines of tJiat ideal clutruLtur, whiili he 
afterwards embodied in bo many different 
(dnpes, and ennobled by his i^'niu^. But 
howL'VLT this nmy be, it 'm nl lenst far from 
improbable thut. destitute oi he was of other 
mid better moileU, (he [leruliaritieti of his 
iniincdiutc [irndece^sor should, in a oansider- 
able degree, have influenced his fenry and 
ta.stes. One halHt, which lie seems eiirly to 
have derived from this spirit of imitation, 
an<i which he retained through life, vras that 
of eouKtaiitly Imvin* anus of Home deocription 
ubout or near liiin — it licing hia pnictice, 
when quite o boy, to cnrrj-, at all timep, 
sninll louik'd nlitoU in hUwoiittcout |>ocketii. 
The affhiy, uideed, of the Uie lord with 
Mr. Chaworlh had, at a rcrj- early aec, by 
ct^nnectin^ duelliu^ In lii» miitd with the 
nanic of hin race, led hint to turn hid attention 
to this otodc of arbitrament ; ami the murtifi- 
ration which tu; had, for a<«iie time, tu endure 
at school, from insults, as he iniuinned, 
hitntrded on tlie (iresumptioii of his jthy^ital 
inleriiirity, found ccitiHotatiun jn the thouj^t 
that a day would yet arrive when the law o4' 
the pistol would place bim on a level with 
tlie Btronnrst. 

On their arrival from Scotlond, Mrs. BjTon, 
with the hope ot" having his lameness ro- 
moved, pla<:ed htr son undur the iran; of a 
person who prorcs.sed the cure of such cases, 
at Nottingham. The name of tliis man, who 
appears to have been a mere empirical pre- 
tender, W05 Lavender ; and the manner in 
which lie is Kaid ti) have prnctreiied was hy 
fu^t ruhhuii; the foot over, for a considerulilc 
time, with hnndaful of oil. and then twt.^tin^ 
the limb Ibrcihiy round, and »ircwin(i it up 
in a wooden iiiachinr. That the bivy micht 
not lose ground in tiis education dunng this 
inten'nl, he rcceiveil lettNonH in Latin from 
a respectable schoolniiMtcr, Mr. Kagent. 
who rend pnrri of Virgil and Cicero widi 
him, and repreaenta his proficienry to have 
tkren. for his age.coniiidcrublc. He wa-Halltnt, 
during hU lessons, in violent pnin, from the 
torturing pfinition in which bis foot was 
kra>t ; and Mr. Itogera one day said to him, 
" It makes rac uncomfortable, my Lord, to 
sec you .-dtting there in siich pnin as I tmtw 
you must be suffcriup." — " Nei-cr mind, 
Mr. Rogers," answered the boy ; "you shall 
not see aay signs of it in mr," 

ThiH gentleman, who speaks with the most 


afTcctionntif remenibrance of his pt^iQ, 
ntentinns several inaiaDccs of the gaiety of 
spirit with which he u.wd to take revenge on 
his tormentor, Lavender, bv exposing and 
laughing at hix pompous ignorance. Amung 
other tricks, he one day scribbled down on a 
sheet of paper all the letters of the alphabet, 
put togethcj at random, but in the form of 
words and senteticea, and, placing them before 
thu ull-prctcnding person, oisked him gravely 
what Itui^tuigeit wu». The (juack. uowilUiig 
to own hifl ignorance, answered lonfidwitlv, 
" iLdiiin." — to the infinite delight, as it may 
be siippost'il, of llic little KaliriKl in embryo, 
who bunit into a loud, triurophaat laugh,' at 
the »tucce»a of the trap which be bad tliua 
laid for imposture, 

With tnut mindfulness towards all who 
had been about him in hu youth, which waa 
so distinguiiiliing a trait in ^lis character, he, 
many years after, when in the neii-hlKMirhond 
of Xottingham, neat a message, tuU of kind- 
ness, to hut old instructor, anil bid the bearer 
of it tell him, that, beginning from a certain 
line in Virgil which he mentioned, he could 
recite twenty vcn»e!j on, which he well r^ 
mcmlHTCil flavin" read with thw ge^ntlcmnn, 
when aufleriiig all ihi; time til e mo«t drcadiiU 

It was aljoiit this period, according to hia 
nursf. May <Jray, that the first SMnptom of 
any tendency towanls rhyming showed itself 
ill him ; and the occasion which she rcpre- 
sentcit MS having given rise to this childish 
eflort was as ioUows : — An elderly ladv, who 
wai in the habit of visiting his mother, had 
made use of some ex[>m(Kion that very much 
nrtrontcd him : and these slights, Uui nurse 
said, he gen«nilly rcjtcnted violently and in>- 
placalily. The »>l(l lady ha*l some curious 
notioas respecting the kouI, which, she ima- 
gined, took it^ Hif;ht to the moon aJttr death, 
as a preliuiijuiry essay bcfijre it proceeded 
fianher. One day, ai^er a rt|H:tition, it is 
supposed, of her original insult to the boy, 
he appeared before his iiurBc in a violent rage. 
" Well, my little hero," she njtked, " wliat's 
the matter with you now ?" Upon which the 
child answered, that " this old woman had 
put him in a most terrible nasHion — that he 
cinihJ not bear ihe Hight oi h«r," &r. Sec. — 
and then broke out into the following do^ 
giTcl, which he repeated over and over, a«if 
delighted with the vent he had found for 
his rage : — 

Id NntttoghiUTi rauDty ihcre Hici at Snta Gr««n, 
Ai rur«t Ml oU tadjr at rvrr wa> urta \ 
AihI when tb« ion dii«, which t hope will bi icma, 
S^e dnnljr bellercft »hv will yu to Uie moon. 

It is possible that these rhymes may have 
been caught up at Recond^haad ; and he 
himself, as will presently be seen, dated his 






"fintduh into poetry ,**iu hnratU it, a ycnr 
latere— but the anecdote altogether, as con- 
umi ag fome eariy dawnings of chunicter, 
aftpmnd to me «-orth jiresemnff. 

libt amall iiicotnc oi Mrs. Byron received 
•t this tiine the aifditioii — most seaMmable, 
no doubt, though on what fftwmdi accorded 
1 know not — of a pension on the Civil List, 
of 300/, D year. The roHuving is a <:opy 
of the King'* wwraat for the grant:— 


" WuBREASwearc graciously pieasctl 
to grant unto Catharine Gordon Byron, 
widow, an annuity of 300/., to coinini'nic 
ftmn Atb July, 1790, and to conrinue during 
plesMirc . our will and pleasure is, that, Lv 
rirtue of our general letters of Privy Seal, 
bearing dote 6lh November. I7G0, you do 
bsue and pay uiit of luir truusure. or revenue 
a the rece^ of the exchequer, appticnble 
to tbenses of cmr civil irovt.*nmieQt,umo the 
•nl dthwinc Gordon lUton, widow, or hiT 
asa^pieea, ihe said annuity, to commence 
from 5lh July, 1790, and to be paid quarterly, 
or otherwise, as the teune shall bcciiiuc dui', 
and to continue during our pleasure ; and for 
ao doinc thw shall he vour warrant. Giren 
■t our Court of St. James's, 8d October, 1 799, 
SDtb year of our reign. 

** By Hit Maje-sty's commiuHl, 

(Signed)' " W. Pitt. 

" S. Doi'GI,A3.' 

" EoW, KoBKBTs, Dep. Cler"*. Pt-llium.*' 

FlDdiai; but little benefit from the Not- 
tic^ham practitioner, Mrn. Hyrtm, in the 
Minmer of the year 1799, thought it right to 
remove her boy lo London, whLTf, at the 
fo^jptMionof Lord Carlisle, he was put under 
the can* of Dr. Boillie.v It bein^ an ohject. 
tDOttopUce liiniaisoroe quiet Krnool, where 
the mcaoa adopted for the cure of his infirui- 
ky mij^ be more eaHily attcmled tn, the 

IttCafalnhiDcnt of the late Dr. 4)Ieiinic at 
Dnlvidi, was chosen for that purpose : and 
M ic waa thought adviitable thnt nc shmild 
knc a separmte apartment to nleep in. Dr. 
Gicaaio bad a bed put up for him in liis own 

t tlV* rlfM boo SjlvMtfT DouglM. ttR«rwviia I.«rd 
aitKntfc Wttm III till 7Wi ftft. Iil« liirdshlt< yub- 
Mi4 • piwlMfaiw of Um Dm cvatv of rmtcsudrrU 
'BMW^no." Ba died fn IBU.} 

■ ITIw Ulurtrfoui phrddAn. Dr. MoUhew ftalUIa — 
Waw' l» Ow pactM* JoMuu OftUUc. wJ t>r<.[)<rr-tn- 
W M Lard ChW JntUwr Draman— >Urd in 1^33.] 

■ b»IMtn ttMiMMd \»U>ij bx Ur. ^UUralM tn lb» 
ttb* t4 ft Ibdlal JtMnul. U !• tuted that Uw fman 
rflW«amu«M«lwa*lMKWil L«nt Djuon M Dulwkh 
■mi Ih* baaaw af hHag eslled fat to « nMakr, nd 

noMng UiwnHa the ttmeaf ot the Itatln. The 


Study. Mrs. Uyron, who had remained a 
short tiine behind him ut Newstwid. on her 
nrrival in town li>i>k n houst: ufton ^>luaue 
Terrace ; ami, under the direction of Dr. 
Baillie. ime of the MeHi>ni Sheldndie^ wns 
employed to construct an instrument tur the 
purpose of Rtraighteninp the limb of ttic 
child. Mudemtion ui all uthletJL* exercises 
was, of coiu-sc, prescribed ; but Dr. Ulcnntc 
found it bv no mvJUiH ca-iy to enforce cotn- 
ptiancT witn this nile, n^, thou^ sufficiently 
tjuict when alonjf with him in his study, no 
sooner was the boy released for play, than 
be showed ns much ambition lo excel in all 
exercises as the most robust youth of the 
(school ; — " nn HiiihitiiMi,'' wdds J)r. Gleuuie, 
in u ciMuniunicaiion with which he favoured 
me a abort time before hin denth, " mhich I 
hare remarked lo previiil in );vneml in 
yoimg persons luboiuuig under similiir defects 
of nature." • 

Hn\ing been inntnirted in the elctnentsof 
Latin grainmarnccordin^ to thcntode of teach- 
ing adopted at Aberdeen, the young student 
had now nnluckily to retrace hin Atepe, and 
vciis. as b too often the case, retarded in his 
studies and jxrrpleicd in his reeoUectiuna, by 
the necessity of toiling thrnngh the ru- 
diroeiits uifain in one of the llirnw prescribed 
by the Eii|L!;li&h school?. " 1 found him enitr 
upon his tasks," say.s l}r. Ulennie, "with 
alacrity and succcm. ITc was playful, good- 
humoured, and beloved by his L-ompunions. 
Hia reading in history and jwetry was far 
beyond the usual st:indard of hiii age, and in 
my study he found many bookn open lohira, 
lioth to plra.<ir his taste and gratifV his 
curiosity ; among others a 8ct of our poets 
from Clhauter (o rhurrhill. which 1 am 
alinii^t tempted to say he had more than 
once penised from beginning to end. Me 
showed ut this uge an inlimute ucquaintnnce 
with the hlsloricid parts of the Holy !:!rri(»- 
turcs, u|K)n which he seemed delighted to 
converse with nie, e-iiiecialiy after our re- 
ligious exercises of n Sunday evening ; when 
he would reason upon the fuets conlainedin 
the Sacred Volume with every appcarnnce 
of bvUcf in the dhine crutlu which they 

wrltarofthtilrttCTailili, thai h« wu fclmvirconjniltMlltjr 
[.ord BjToa four or Iha yean altorwanb. and tbaii|ti 
imabix to ciBdmUlM tba cnn of the diAcc. Itom U« ia~ 
wlltlusnoti of kk Mtahi patleol lu nbailt t« ra«»htt m- 
rDthfliwmHit, vaa wiewuftil Ineonatrwiing « nrt of *hoa 
tuT the (boc. «tilrh la KiniodBcrcc sUffrloud tlia incm- 
Tcnlmcn iiiKkir whirh 1i« liltnur«d. 

* " VuolqiM'," M)r* AtOert, *peaUns of bla adiool-dari, 
■■ )c Ahm I* ploa ptUC ^k Mli Im framfr itiil te Iron- 
ninit «u Moond appartanMM dA )'4iaU dMcmdu. u'Msil 
I w fc Ut BM ml UM) Int^iiarlti' dc talUr. d'ftfr. ct de torn, 
qid me dniuwU plra dc counfa, a m'anpnaali i mt dia- 




I luifoM. That the impressions," adds the 
writtT, "thus iniliilieiJ in his l>i7}hi>iKl, had, 
iiotwith'iuuniling the irregularities of his after 
life, sunk deep into hi.^ mind, will appear, [ 
think, to fverj- impartial rcwler of his works 
in general ; and I never hove been able to 
divest myself of the [lersiiasion thiit, in the 
itrange uberratioiis which u> unfortunately 
marked his subsequent career, he must buve 
{bund H difficult to viulutu thu butttir prin- 
cxplvti corlv instilled into him," 

It should haw hecn mentioned, nmonj; 
the traits which 1 have rcc-ordtd uf his still 
earlier years, that, accordinp to the character 
given of him hy his first nurse's husband, he 
was, when u were L'hild, " piirticulurly ui- 
quiaitive and puzzhng about religion." 

It wus not long iH-fore Dr. (ilL-nnie began 
to discover — what iriBiruutors of youth must 
too often experience — that the parent was 
a nurh tiiun? difficult MihjtTt to dtral with 
than the child. Though professing entire 
acquiescmce in the nTpresrntationH tif this 
guntlenmti, as to the propriety of leaving her 
son to pursue his studic without inter- 
ruption. Mrs. Byron hail neither M?nt*c nor 
Kif-denial enough to act u\t to these pro- 
fessions : but, in spite of the remonstrnnres of 
Dr. lilennie, and tJie injunctions of Lord 
Carlisle, continued to interfere with and 
thwart the progress of the hoy's education 
in every way that a fond, wrong-headed, and 
flcLf-willcd mother could devise. In vain wiu 
it Htated to iier that, it) all the elemental 
parts of learning which are requisite far a 
youth ilv-stincd to a grt-Mt puhlit' nrhool, 
young Byron was much behind other youths 
of his nee, and that, to rclriuvc this deficieniy . 
the nndividcd application of his whole time 
would be necessary. Though afqieajin^ to 
be senaihlc of the tnith of the<« suggestMms, 
she not the less embamissed ajid obstructed 
the tr-achcr in hisi tusk. Not content with 
the interval between Saturday and Monday, 
which, contrarj- to Dr. Glennie's wish, the 
boy gvnendly passed at Sloaiie Terrace, she 
would frequently keeii Mm at home a week 
beyond this time, and, still further to add to 
the diitmrrion of such intcmiptions, col- 
lected around him a numerous circle of 
youn^ acquaintances, without exercising, as 
may be suppnoed, much dijicriniinatiaii in her 
choice. "How, indeed, coidd she?" a-iks 
Dr. Glcnnie — "Mrs. Byron was a total 
Btmngcr to English ftoclety aiul Knglish 
iniuiucn! : witli an exterior fur from prcjioa- 

■ [" Thl( WW « tnait iinrnKiinUr nrnirrrtm, wmI jrt 
«B dn not IM thu it b paiklMo to mucIi «ny uriaui 
blaiM to Lord drlltt*.''* cnodurt — ml 1««>I until wr rearlt 
a laMr ibwc of Uie itorf . Th« Uninwllat^ c«iiisMi><}nc», 
lunptmr, WA*. Uut Lord Bjtaa't mlfid Ctutinunl tp r:i. 


seeing, an undi^rstandinc where nature had 
not lieen more bountiful, !l mind almost 
wholly without cultivation, and the pccn- 
liaritie^t of nortliHm opinions, northern habits, 
and northern accent, I tru^t I do no great 
prejudice to tlie mctnor>' of my country- 
woman, If I 8ay Mrs. Byron was not a 
Madame dc Lambert, cadowed with puweni 
to retrieve the fortune, and form the 
character and uiaoneni, of a young nobleman, 
her son." 

Thf interposition of Lord Carlisle, to 
whose autliority it wa.>i found necesaar}' to 
appeal, had more than once given a check 
to thcKC dwtiiriiing indulgences. Sanctioned 
by such sunjiort. Dr. Gluuiie even ventured 
to oppose nuiiself to the privilege, so oflen 
abused, of the usual visit:^ oti a i^saturday : 
and Uic ficcncs wllich he hail to encounter 
on each new case of refusal were such as 
would have wearicil out the piitienre of any 
less zealous and conscientious schoolraaAter. 
MfM. B\TDn, whnae paroxyMns of passion 
were not, like those of her son, " silent raen." 
would, on all these occasions, break out into 
such audible fits of temper as it was impo^ 
sible to keep from reaching the ears oi the 
scholars and the servants ; and Dr. Glennic 
had, one day, thu (lain of overhearing a 
school-fellow of his noble pupil say to him, 
" BvTon. your mother is a fool ;** to which 
the otiicr answered dooinily, " I know it," 
In conseiiticncc of all lhi« violence atid im- 

firacticabdity of temper. Lord Carlisle at 
rngth ceased to have any intercourse 
with the ninther uf hia ward ; and on a 
fiirtlicr appltcarioii from the instructor, for 
the cxcrtiiHi of hi» iiitlucnce, waid "I can 
have nothing more to do with Mrs. Byron, 
— you must now manage her as you can." ' 

Among tile Lmoks that lay acresidhle 
to the boys in I)r. Glennie's study was a 

tiamphlet written liy the brother of one of 
lis most intimate frit-ndK, untitled, *• Narrative 
of the Shipwreck of the Juno on the coast 
of Aracon, in the year 1795." Tlie writer^ 
had been the necond officer of the Hhip. and 
tlic uecount which be hod sent home to h)& 
friends of the sufferings of himself and his 
fcllow-|JiwHenger» hud utifirarrd to tbi^m no 
totiching and strange, that they determined 
to It. The pjonphlct attracted but 
little, it seems, of public attention, but 
among the young studcnt-s of Dulwich Grove 
it was a favourite study ; and the impression 
which it left on the retentive nrind of Byron 

piind MnA HpM> uader tha nne unhappy tnAueor«« whkb 
huul whfarrod the bloom of till laimtj." — tt-an. it<v. 

> [WiUljun M«ckorj,»onr<f ihaRrr.Tbomu B<aelu<T7, 
mlnutvi oT Lairt, la SuUivrUadiblrc.] 




had some shore, perhapii, in 
that i-tiriuiiH rettmrch throuch all 
If Accounts €>i' SlitjiwreckH utton 
f which he prqKircd hiimclf tu 
n audi power a scene of the same 
n in Don Jiinii. The following 
incident, mentioned by the author 

Clphk-I. hai* been odnptcd, it will 
h hut little chiiiiue eitliur u^phnl^L■ 
feaacc. by the poet : — 
te who were not ininiwiiatcly iiciir 
lillle, unlcM hv lh«ar cries, tionie 
— ' and died in great aijony ; but 
. iy» those whose stren^ith was 
Edtfant died the cnsieHt, though, 
m, il might hnve been so. 1) 
r reroemhcr the followiiip iusf anrcs, 
Isemuit. a stonl andhcjililiv I'^-v 

and almoTit withont » 
ber of the saine u^e, Init ii\ 
■ipeanince, held out niiu-h Lon^tr. 
'these iinfortunBte bovs ditiorcd 
CKher respect hijjlily dri*ervinc of 
heir fathers were both in the ioTO- 
the luda were taken ill. Tlie 
It. Wfcde's boy hearing of hi» son's 
with intUflert-nfe, 'that he 
„ for him." and left him lo 
le other, when the accounts 
.IBni. hurried down, and vatt hiiij; 
nrtihle noment, crawled on all-fours 
WCiubcr piinwHti- t(> hi.'i son, who 
nnijcn figging. By ihattiuie. only 
f»ur pituilcs of the qnnrtcr-dixK 
jtisl over the wwither-cjnnrtcr 
id to thi>i s\mt the unhiippy itmii 
B, tnakini; him fnsi to the riiil ti> 
I beiiij* wjished awny. Whenever 
seized with a fit of n-tchinp, the 

f I* I^ri Bttoii '■ T«ratan of ttili bwdt* 
t n »U] b« r«U. 1 Uitnk. 17 ttrtrr rtuder, 

r ttm IniU'Kw* b) mhifb poatry niM be 

I tb« palm lo pmu: Tbrra U ■ fntliat tn 

I wf the (eainao't fn:jt4l. wlilrh the ar- 

l rhpiMf mrrr iiiir lo illsturb, anil 

H, hwmet tausttful, cvuld ludl 

In iMa KbuUr nr*. 
Uwlr two aoai. of whom the on« 
uM bwitr to the Thiw. 
«Mif t Mti mhtn IM* wu rnwi. 
i wwi i a * loM hb tit*, who threw 
lOBhtra.MMtMM, 'IIes**n'k«illbedoDp. 
ktbit.' *■■<> hv u* blni Mirowa 
viUiout a uau tt gnma. 

p>rr k»a A «rakllrr chtU. 
1. and akt"*^ •kllr«|p ; 
^ttiv op %ang, moi witli > mlU 
W (ftrtl brhl atoof liu t^lf : 

ntnr and tbra be tinDn), 
«r lliii wriiihl 
Ibfloilit, that tbcjr iKtut {MTt. 

liither lifted him up and wiped the foam from 
his lips ; and, if a shower come, he made 
liini open his mouth to receive the drop;:, or 
geiilly squeezed than into it iJ'om u ntg. 
In thi.s nHcctinc situation both remained four 
or five days, till the lioy expired. The un- 
fortunate nurcnt, as if nnwdlhig to believe 
the fact, tncm miscrl the hotly, pjw.c<l wial- 
fully ut it, mid, when he could no lnii(;er 
entertain any doubt, watched it in silence till 
it wu^ carried iilTliy the t>ea ; then, wmppin^ 
hiiiiseir in a piece of cauvaa:i. Mink down und 
ruse no more : though he must hare lived 
tw<i days longer, as we judged from the 
tjiiivering of his liiiibs, when a wave broke 
over him." 1 

[t wy« prohuhly during one of the \-a. 
i iitioiis of this year, that the boyish love for 
is vounp eousir, Mins P*rker, to which he 
1 tributes the gtory of haring fint inspired 
Kim with poetry, took possession of his fancy. 
" My first ilash into |metry," he .iiivs, *' was as 
early its I84K). It wuji the ebullition of a 
jmsfiion for my first coutiin, Margaret Parker 
(liiiii^hter und gnmd-ilauphter of the two 
Adiiiiruls Piirker ), one of the inoat beautiful 
of evunettceot beings. I have lon^ foruotten 
the verses, but it would be difficult lor luc 
to forget her — her d»Ht eyes — lier lone 
eye-hiahes — her completely (ireek cast of 
fiice and fi;:nre I I ww then about twelve — 
she rather older, perhup^ a year. She ilitvl 
about u vear or two allcrwardii, in conse- 
quence of u IhII, which injured her 8piiie, and ] 
induced consumption. Ucr sifter Augusta, 
(by Home thought Ktill more henutiful) died 
of the Kaiiiu malady ; and it wa^ indeed, in 
attending her, that Margaret met with the 
accident whiHi oceasionod her own Ucnth. 

■* AdA o'er him twot bti iln. ami nnir ralMd 
HI* •;«» fhmt alT hli hue. tnK Vlpod Uw tova 
From hi* |Mte Up*, and mr em him gaxeil. 

And wbcn the wtih'd'for thawn «t Img^ wu rnmr. 
And th<^ ttaj't ijr*. whkh fhm dull fllm tiiiir rlunj, 

BtlBbten'd. anil far a moiDpnt Mwm'il to roam. 
H« tiptenpi rrora out ■ rag mdm drop* uf ntlu 
lQtohUd}iaf child'* ■KKiIli — hiil in rain. 

■' Tlictn^exptrcd— thir hthcr held tlHiclajr, 
Xiui took'd upua it Xong, and when it lut 
Oenlh Ion no diiubt, and Ihr drad tMiriWn tnf 

Allff on till hrort, and pulir and hnpr Mftr put. 
He walch'd It wlMfUl]). iu:iU> avay 

Taai twmo bf tho rude ware ohrrvln 'Vnsu cstl : 
llirn he h<m*«-lf tiiiik ditirn all dumU atnl thlv rrliifr. 
AndgBTo DO tiffn allile,mr hU Umbt quWoritii." 
Don JiTAM, Cmutoii. 

In the folkctton of " SUpwrvcki and Dtaaitvn at 
Se%." It whirl* I.nrd BfPon an ak&fullr had rrvaufui (at 
(he iwHinlcal kaowladfo and bntnut of «1)IcIiImi baa 
(uninnc<) kti own [lowcrftil dMcrtptlon, Ib« raider «IU 
Und tha aMniiat of the loat of tha ivat htvor^infad U. 





My rister told mc, that when the went to 
Ke ber, shortly before bcr death, upon accU 
<lpnta1lv menHrMitni; my name. Marparct 
coloured throu(:li the [lalt^iii:.^^ of mortalrty 
lu the C)es, to the i^'i^iil a^oiustimeot of my 
sister, who (residing with hnr j^ndmothcr, 
Lady Iloldemess \ and itteirifi: Iwit little oi* 
me, for laniUy reasona), kntw nothinfi of our 
Utadunent, nor could conccire why mv nume 
shoaUl aflect her at mich a titiiu. 1 knrw 
nodung of her illness, being at liarrow and 
in the country, till "lie was gune. Some 
years aAer, I made an attempt at an elc^y — 
a wry dull one.* 

" I d»> not rei-'*!!?.*"! scarcely any thing 
equal to the fi-amparcni bcaul)' of my couKin, 
or to the sweetnewt of her temper, during 
the !ihort period of our intimacry. Hlu: IooIuhI 
as if she nad been made out oV a ratobow— 
all beauty and pence. 

*'■ Mv [tasKJun Imd its usual effects tipoa 
0IC — 1 eoidd not alccp — I could not cat — 
I could not rest : and although I had reason 
to know tlmt kIic loved me. it was the tex- 
live of my life to think of the time which 
muxt elapne twforc wc could meet again, 
being usually about twelve hours of »C|»a- 
ration ! But I was a ibol then, and am not 
miu'li wiser now.' 

Ue had been nearly two years imdcr the 
tuition of Dr. Olennie. when his moilter. 
lUiiconU'nted iit tlie nlowness of his pnip^sH 
— though beuig, herself, as wc have »oen, iJie 
principal cause of it — entreated •» urgcatly 
of Lord Carlisle to have him removed to a 
public Hcliool, that her wish was at letij^th 
acceded to j niid " accordingly," says Dr. 
4ilennie. " to Hiimiw he went, as littln pre- 
pared a.s it is natural to suppose from two 
yeur-i of ek-mentur)- instruction, thwarted by 
every art that could estrange the mind of 
^outh from preceptor, irom Bchool. and from 
all vrioiiH Ktudy," 

This centlciiiiui saw but httle of Lord 
BjTon after he left his care : but, from the 
maimer in which botii he and M;&. Glerinie 
snake of their early charee, it was evident 
tnat hijutubsequenc career liad been watched 
hr them with interest ; that rhcv hnd seen 
even hi-1 errors tiirough the softenma; niinliiim 
of their first feeling townrdR him. and had 
never, In hix nuMt irri^tciiWralHTnitions, lost 
the tracer of tho^e fiiic quuliticit whidi they 
had loved and admired in him when a cliild. 
Of the ponrtaiioy, too, of thi« feeling. Dr. 
Glcuiiie had to ttaiid no ordinary trial, having 
visited tiencvo in 1817, soon after Lord 

) [ThU \iAj. (hughtrr of M. OmibiKU-. • Dutch ((«)■ 
llvtnan, wht in»rrli<i) mI th* Hnxuc, In 1713, In Htibrrt 
D'Arcf, fmirth Earl a( Itnid^mi^u. I'pon hi* tboUh, In 
1779. Uie earldom bMsuff extinct, uul ulut rcnidaed of 


Byron \aA left it. when the private character 
of the poet was in the very crisis of ita oiw 
popularity, and when, amotu thoae fiiends 
who knew tliat Dr. (*lcniiie nad once bcco 
his tutor, it was made a frequent subject of 
banter with thix gentlernaa that he had not 
more strictly disciplined his pupil, or. to uw 
their own words, "made a better boy of 

AtxHit the time when young B>Tan was 
removed, for his edueation, to London, bia 
nurse May (iray left the senice of Mm. Bvnin 
and returned to her native country, wlicfc 
she ilicd al)out three yean since. She hod 
marrie<I resiieetably, and in one of her Inst 
ilhiesM^ was attended profesvionaily by 
Dr. Ewing of Alterileen. who, having betn 
alwaysan enthu^iuittic admirer of Lord llyroo, 
was no less (>urphscd than delighted to find 
tliat the iiermin undiT tm care had for so 
many y car.s been an attendant on hia &Taiirite 
poet. Wixh avidity, as may be supposed, 
III! noted down from the lips of his patient 
all the particulurA kIic could remember of his 
Lordship's early days ; aad it is to the cooi- 
nninications with which thin gentleman has 
favoured me, that I am indcbtetl for many uf 
the anecdotes of that period which I have 
reliitctl . 

As a mark of gratitude for her attention 
to liun, B\Ton had, in |Hirting with May 
(iray. prL-sfntsil htT with his watch, — the 
first of which he had ever been po)t>>t-<i>«or. 
Thi* watch the hiilhfiil nurse prcser\ed 
fondly through life, and, when she died, it 
was given by her husband to Dr. Ewing, by 
whom, a.s a relic of genius, it is equally 
valued. The afli^etionate lioy hud also pre- 
sented her with a fiiU-lcuf^ iiuniature of 
himself, which was painted by Kay of Edio- 
burgh. ill the year 1 796. luul which represents 
him standing with a bow and arruwti in his 
hand, and a profuiiion of hair fallini^over hih 
shoulders. TIuk airinuK little drnwing has 
likewise parsed mto the poasessJon of Dr. 

The same thoughtful gratitude was evinced 
bv Byron towards the sister of this woman, 
\ms finft nuDic, to whom he wrote some years 
after he left .Seotlaiid. in the most conlial 
tenns, making inquiries of her welfare, and 
infonniiig her, with miirh jny, that he had 
at last got his foot so far restored nit to be 
able to put on a common boot, — "an event 
for which he hail longanxiouxlv wiiihed, 
which he was sure would give her gi 

hli ntnlr, |i>|^h«f wllh Mm taroBf of Confnn, *>• 
*opn>lnl In hb onljr daocbtor, the lint wife of the Poct'i 
fiUhcT. I^oaj lluldanuiM dM In LMidan, Otlabrr. 1MI1. 
■led cicbty. J t [s«e WorU. p. n«.] 



In the maimer of the vcar ISOI lieacconi- 

mimi baa mother to Obehenhiun. anil the 

DNMit irlucfa he hituiirh' i:ivts «f hU wt\~ 

taomm u tfaju periofli shows at xshat an 

earijr age those fccUnpt that IraJ to pOL-try 

hwJ ttaibldctl themselves in hbt heart. A 

I bojr, ^ting with emotion oii the hilU at suit- 

I ttt, because ther nnmnd hini of thi> mountains 

wlucfa he passed his chiUlhoori, it 

Jf , in bean aad inm^natinn, ii pm>t. It 

their May at (-hyiteiibiiia that » 

vhoni his mother consulted, 

a pretlirtion concerning him 

^eh, for H>mt time, lift q btrong iniprcssioQ 

on his mind. Mrs. Byron had, it socms, in 

I her fint Tuitt to thw pcrflon, (who, if I 

taitc not, was the celebrated fortunc- 

kfteSer, tin. WiUiama,} endcavourc<{ to pass 

jluadf off* as a maiden lady. The >iiliy1, how- 

j mc, vat not so easily deceived ; — t,ht pro- 

■gODCCd ber vi»e consulter to he not only a 

1 wried waman, hut the mother uf a !ion 

j ^M was lame, and to vhom, among other 

which she read iti the tslitn, it v/as 

I MdeatiDed iJiM his life should he in du^er 

mm poiaon befors he was of ngc, and thnt 

I ht mwlil be twice married, — the 8crond 

I tine, to a foreien lady. About two years 

aftemaanU he bmiteir mentioned these pnr- 

ticulare to tbe person trom wlioni I hcnnl 

the marj, and aid that the thought of the 

httpmt ofibopropbscj very often occurred 

*" "TBI. The latter part, however, secma to 

I htm llic ntoftr gueas of the two. 


laOl— IBOa. 


MTtsn raiET'iritiiiPs. — pebl. — (ikorub 

nXCt-Atll. — CLAVTttS. — tORD nUHKR. — 


tASU. — aVRHN's TOMR. — St-'MMCR HOl.l- 

•4T». BATB. — N0TT1SG1IAJ1 AM> AXSE3- 


Til a thv dis|wMit ion. such as Byron's na.s iu 
Ini youth— and such as, to a certuin de^ee, 
it raatinuisl all hU life — ttie tran«itiuD from 
« l|iliet estahlishment, like that of Didwich 
(iro%'c, to the bustle of a great public school, 
«■• sufficiently trying. Aicofilingly, we 
iad fh>tu hid own account, that, for the firtit 
I» and a half, he " liatwl narrow." The 
■ilirity, however, and BoctableiiciiM of his 
■Cure soon conquered this repugimnce ; 
■ad, frnm being, a» he himself tayi, " a most 
unpnpuliir boy," he rose at length to be a 

leader in all the sports, schemes, and mi^ 
chief of the Bchoo). 

Fur a ireneral notion of liLs dlspoKittnnii 
and cupacitics at this period, we coiild not 
have rei-iiuntc' to u more tnihtwurtliy or 
vnlunhle nuthority than that of the Hev. Dr. 
Dnir\', who was iit this tiuie head master of 
the M-lionl. nnd to whom Lxvd Byron has 
left on record a tribute of olTection and 
mspert, whU'li, like the fLvercntial regurd of 
Drvilcu for Dr. Busby, will long aitBUciate 
together honourablv tfic names of the poet 
aiid the ma.ster. From thib venerable scbo* 
Iht L have received the luUowing brief but 
important stJiteinent of the impresnona 
which hix curly iiitcTcountc with the young 
noble left upon him : — 

" Mr. llimtton, Lonl Byron's solicitor, 
coiHignCil him to my care Rt the age of 13^, 
witti remarki, thut his cduLntiou hnd t>ct.-u 
negltcleii ; tliat he was ill prepared for a 
puhlic M-htHt), but that he thmwlit there was 
D cievimrtt nbout him. After his dqiarturc 
I tuuk iny young disciple into my study, nnd 
endeavoured to bring him forward by en- 
quiries as to his former amusements, cm- 
ploymvntg, and a^MJciates, but with little or 
no effect; — and I soon fotmd that a wild 
mountain colt had been submitted to my 
numugcment. But there w:ui nund in hut 
eye. In the first place, it was ocecssar)- to 
attach him to nn elder boy, in order to 
familiarise him with the objuct* hcfore him, 
imd with some parts of the Gvstem in whirh 
he was to move. But the information tie 
received from his conductor gave him no 
pleasure, vbci) be heard of the advances 
of some in the school, much younger than 
liiniHcIf, and conceived by his own deBciency 
that he should be degraded, and humbleil, 
by being placed below them. This I dis- 
oovered, and hu\-ing committed him to the 
care of one of the masters, as his tutor, I 
a^Kiired him he should not he placed till, by 
diligence, ho might rank with thuse nf his 
own age. He was pleased with this asbur- 
ancc, uiid felt himself on easier tenns with 
hiit luisnciates; — fi>r u degree of shyness 
huni; about him for some time. Ilis manner 
and temper soon convinced me., that he might 
be led by a hilkeu string to a jiotat, nither 
than by a cable ; — on that principle I acted. 
After some continuance at Harrow, and 
when the {mwers uf his mind had beinin to 
espimd, the lute Lord Cariisle, his reUtion, 
dcbired to see me in town; — 1 waited on 
his Lordship. His ohji-ct was to inform me 
of Lord Byron's expectations of property 
when he came of age, which he represented 
as contracted, and to inquire respecting his 
abilities. Ou the former drcimutunce I 

C 2 





^mte wo i^Hffc ; w to liw buer, I raiUed, 
*& Im Mfaou, nrLord. wbkb will «rfrf 

LoiiUipi «idi a dcgrae of MqviK, tiac. 
■caavAiC to MT fedn^ifiJ aoCoqirwiDk 
J tfc» i^iAi iina I expctteJ. 

** liw dnmattaaea to viiacfa ]Km allaile. 
povcn, was as faUovi. 
school oooiposed d^ 
sfirr » rerim by the 
tatan, wtrt Mibmimal to the Bostcr: to 
!!■ the MOban repeated than, that tliej 
miAi be Hpnared in nwBner aad acSJoo, 
MOK llKir paUic Aetimr. I cenaiol^ ww 
maA fUmei wkfa Lord Bj-ron's attttiule. 
famc^ afil d^rcnr, as well as with his 
«oaipoiicioa. All who ^pokr nn that dmy 
adhered, at umuL to the letter of their com- 
■ otMon ; as, io the esriur part ofhu delivery, 
did Lord Byroa. But, to my surprise, he 
•uddcnljr diTcrged from the written coinpo- 
^lloii, with a boUneaa and rafiidity aiffidetit 
to abriQ me. test he ibould isil m mcmarr 
-at to the coDcltuaon. HiL-re wm no faihin: : 
^be came ruunj to the dose of hin com- 
posicion without discorerine aojr inye dm icnt 
and trrc^larity uii the whole. I auestioneJ 
him, why he bad altered his dtrcuunation ? 
He declared he had made no altemtioo, aad 
did HOC )aow, in ipeaking, that he had div 
rated from it one letter. I believed him ; 
mad from a knowledge erf his trmpeniment 
am convinced, that fullr iw\tTe*isvil with the 
■cnMt and aub^taocc of the subject, he wns 
hurried on to exprcnnions and colourings more 
Mrikinf; than wnat his pen had expre«)«ed." 

In cvtmiiunicatiiig to me these rccoUcc- 
tioiu of his illastrioiH pnpS, Dr. Dnuy ba^ 
added n cirauastanee wbich afaows how 
•tron^f , even in all the iFride of his fame, 
that awe with which he hml unce rt^rdcd 
the opinions of his old master still hung 
around the poet's aenntivc mind : — 

" After my retreat from Harrow, f rc- 
cnvcd Dyhu him two very afleclkniale letlen*. 
In my occosbnal vinits HubnequentK' to 
Lonikm. when he hod faML-muted the mihlic 
with his productions, I dcni^nJed of him. 
why, as u duty bound, he had sent none to 
me? ' Because,' stud he. * you arc the only 
loiin I nc*'cr wish to read them :' — but, in 
a few momenta, he added — * Whjit do you 
think of the Corflau-y*" 

t [Hff» 00 Kr WaliM S«ict'i eoftr ot B}Ttia't Uie U 
tfe* Mlowtay MS. niitc:— i"* lu^rr ran flnd 
out bow Mk* clcivrer tfc^n tbeniMirM ome If Uirtr hi' 
tonUtUtu. tUef nnvr kntiw «>iM 1* tUiM- at Urruliiit- 
tlm,BM«l-tlBM«««a— aria havfrwrnlnutctthcf congct 

•I Ui« MOM of nuRf facM."! 

■ For Oh dbplaj of III* d«tlanuf>i7 power*, oa tl>" 
QOedHUjrh bt MleelMl alwajr* liw ni<i«t rrlvpanciu 
■■(aa,— i«cb M tha ipscdi of Z«n|« am- the Indj v> 

I thall mom In bd«e the resder sacb 
iwnws 01 na scwmUk at I wmI st attend 
thfou^ the various aotcboofa he baa 14 
behind. Coomg, a* iher do, fron Us «■■ 

pen, it is neeJiew to add. that tbcj- oftvd 
the brcnot aod beat recusos of thia period 
that can be nmBsnea. 

" Tai I was eaghtccs yean old (odd as it 
may seem) I had nerer read a miev. Bat 
while at Harrow, siy pcoeral ndonnatiaa 
was to great oa roodera topics at to tntfaer 
a Miycion that 1 oaild only eoQeei ao tntkcb 
BaonnaCioo froan Snintt, becaoie I wai 
never itrm readinff ', bnt alway* idfe, <um1 >> 
misclueC or at play. The tmtfa is. that I 
read eating, reaa in bed, read whm no one 
dse read, and had read aO mrts uf readiag 
BDce I was five yean old. aad yet aerer mtt 
with a Review, which is the only rHanai I 
know of why f &bould not have read thcnk 
But it i» true ; for I rentemberwben liitBtO' 
and Curzoo, in ItMH, told me this opinionat 
Harrow. I made them lauf^ by my ludicroui 
•stonifihinrnt in aslunf; them ' tt'iat u a Re- 
view ?* Tu be sure, they were then lea 
conuDon. In three years moK. t wm better 
acquainted with that tauue ; but the firit 1 
ever read wat in lHOG-7. 

" At school 1 was fas I have said) rp. 
marked for the extent and readiness of mv 
fniim/ infbnnatioa ; biu in all other resprrt* 
idle, capable of seat sodden estertiom. f huch 
as thirty' or mrty Oreek hexameters, of 
t-ourxu with such proK>dy as it pleased (tod,^ 
but of few continuous drudgenc«. My qua- 
lities were much more oratorical and martisl 
than poetical ; and Dr. Drurv, my frand 
[latron. (our head master,) Wl a great 
notion tliat I slfould turn out an orator, 
from my tlucnc}', my turbulence, my voice, 
my copioiiMncu of declamatioii. and my 
action.' I rcineiiitM:r that my dnt declu- 
mation astonished him into M>mc unwonted 
(for he wibi economical of &uch) and sudden 
cumplimciitx, bcfoix- the decluimcrt at our 
first rehearsal. My first Harrow venes, 
(that is. Eiiizlinh, n» exerctiiCK, a tramilatiDn 
of a chorus from the l^metheus of Ms- 
chyliLs) were received I'y him but cooHv. 
No one had the lea«t notion that 1 shouU 
subnide into poesy. 

" Peel, the orator and statcsman\ (' thafc 
w&H. or is, or is to be,'J was my form-fellow, 

Alonio, and Lear'* addraM la lbs itonn. On om b^ 
thm^ puUk itet*tiant, nhon it WM «rT*r>gnl lbj| b^ 
ihouU take the psrl of llnwcM, and 7011111 I>ccl UiaC of 
TiiiniM, lAifd Kyntv tuiUenlf cbaacMl hit miod. uA 
pr<4ivrrcd tli* iprvrh of L«tlDui,— barlnti, U »a> mi|^' 
poMd, MMM Hdiriik froiD tfa* bappTvprUU tauBl ot 
Tumiu. ** Vcntofl In tlnciii, pediAutftif JUgaeAm^ 
■ [Now tlic Itlgltt HonouTKbla Slf Btibert Fwl. lOa.; 






and we were both at Ihc top of our remove 
^B nuMic school phrase). We were ou 
tttm-s luit hU brother viux rny intimate 
I. There were olwayit great hopes of 
"Peel «monjt«it us all, maslers nnd scholars — 
and he ha& not dl<tH|ipointc(] thcin. As a 
■chohir he was greatly u)_v miperior ; aa a 
(ieclaimer and uctor, I was reckoiKd at least 
tit eqiiai : as « M:hoolboy, out of school, I 
mt always m scnijies. und A<- nenr : and tn 
tdkool, he o/u-Yiv knew his lesson, and I 
rarch'.— but when I knew it, I knew it 
Dtsirrv as well. In penerul infonmitioD. his- 
ti>n . &c, &c., I think I van hit 8ui»urior, as 
weil OS of most hoys of my fitondins. 

" The prodigj' of our school-days was 
Gvorve StiicUir ' r!*on of Sir John) ; he made 
i»icrcueft for half the school {bltratijf), verses 
aC wfll, and thrmes without it. • « • He 
a friend of uuiie, and tii the same remove, 
used at times to b^ mc to let htm do 
'iny citerci«e, — a rcouc*t iilwi»y« moiti readily 
accorded npnn a pinch, ur uheii I wanted 
to do aomethinjj ciDe, which was usually 
once an hour. On the olhtT hund, he was 
pacific and I sava^ ; so I fought for hiiti, ur 
thnuthcd others for him. or thrashed himself 
to make htin thmsh othen wheti it was 
Dcce»sury, as a point of honour and stature, 
that he should so chastise ; — or we talked 
pofitics, for he was a great ]ii>litician, and 
were vei^' ^od friends, t have some of hia 
IcttlTB, written to mc from .school, still.' 

" Clftytun was another Kchool-nionster of 
leiruing, and talent, and hope ; but what 
hak become of him I do nut know. lie was 
certainly a peniuK. 

** My sL-h(iol friendships were with me 
fCuioHt"', (for 1 was always violent,^ but I 

I [Kow(I'^*) "'' Onr|9 StnrbJr, M.P. far Calth. 
■■»: b* mccMdnl to Uw banxMtcjr oa Hve de«Ui of till 
ftllwr. the w«ll known t>fP4U(T«Ft of the board of *^U 
•ttMK, ae. Ac, tn l>KnDbBr. IR33.] 

* HIi tcUrn to Mr. Sfndair. In ntani, an anincknjr 
Iml — MM of then. M ihU fttoilomMi letU na, hartnc 
bBO hlyttlf rti*rarti>vt«llr nf tba jraloiii wqiitlfttii of 
Ui (Mb^ irbMlMlmr, bring writtm under tlM Ipft* 
inMhMi of tone Mm) kUght, aikd brgionJiig. onfrilj, 

•OaalMTofoMarbl* Dotf-boalii. du«d [MM. I And 
(k* MtowttiR pwufB tram VAfinoBWl. which aa Aaiax 
Nnick bim H iiiiiltnUe Id Uw aitliiiilwm aX hli own 
)«HllkA«l (HrtMUhrpi: — L'amitlr, (|Ul duii loauNatoMt 
1 f«lBc on M-DtlnirDl, Ml UDC puitou dani !«■ dallm." 

* [Mm nUvibUio. htoumI Eari of CUrv, bam Judv 
L int. Hti fatbrr, nhr)!!) hn lUO^M III IKK), WM for 
mm^ ftar» Lord CliAnrcUor of Irelud.J 

* Mr D'lMwII. In bU ItiffMiURu warli "On the Ll- 
■nrr Chaneur" bu |1v<<n It u hi* ofilnlon. ihaA « 
lHawlliiUlKi ts ktliMtr •poru am) acKtoM wtU be. In 
faanl, bond ubmik lbs pocuUarttte «Mdi nMrk » 
jwMMil iptnlu*. In niptwrt of Ihli noUoo ti* quoM' 

who tbui dwrrlbM hu kkal mbatiel : — 

do not know that there in one which has 
endured (lo be sure some have been tut 
«hort by death ) till now. That with Lord 
(Hare * begun one of the earliest, luid lasted 
lon^ccst — being only interrupted by distance 
— that I know of. I never hear the word 
' Clare' without a beating of the Iniirt ei-en 
noM'. and I write it with the ft-elingsof 1803- 
\-5, uil infinitum." 

Ttic toUowio^ extmet is &om imother of 
his niaiiustript journals : — 

" At Harrow, I fought my way x-ery 
fjirly. ■• I think I lost but one battle out of 

seven ; and that was lo 1! ; — and the 

rascal did not win it, but by the unfair treat- 
ment of his own lioarding>han!te, where we 
boxed : I had not even a second. I nci'cr 
forgave him ; and I should be wirry to meet 
him now, ns I am sure we should quurcl. 
My must iiieuiund)le coudiatH were with 
Morgan, Rice, Rninsford. and Lord Joceh-n, 
— but we were always friendly ailcrwards. 
1 was a most unpopular l>oy, but (M latterly, 
and hove retained nuuiv of my school Iricnd- 
ships, and all my dislikes — except lo Dr. 
Butlt-r, whom I treated rclH:lliuusly. and 
have been aorrj" ever since. Dr. Dniry, 
whom I placiicd RufTiciently too, was the 
best, the kimlest, (imd yet strict, too.) friend 
I ever had — and 1 look upon him still as a 

" P. llumcr, Cunton, Long, and Taienall, 
were mv principal friends. Clare, Donet, 
C*. Gordon, De Bath, CUrida;e. and J**. 
Wingfield, were my juniors anj &vouritefl, 
whom I !<poilt by indulgence. Of all human 
bcinCK, I WU.S, perhaps, at one time, the most 
attached to [>uor \\ in^field, who died at Co 
iinhra, 1811, before 1 returned lo Erglmd."* 

** Conwtufc. And ntnui, nd bolt, be nvor led. 
Nor caral h> mU)|tlP In thii cUmornui rr«r 
or »qiubtdlTi( Imp), but to Uiv furat «peil. 

HU hl(lMrt Ealbortly. bowrvcr. U Mlllnti. vrbo ugn ol 

** When I wu jv\ ft diltd, no diUdlilt pkr 
To me WM pIciMlng." 

Such finorkl nilw, hvwtrvRr. an m UtUa ajipUGable lo 
Uic dltpmlUoni of mni of gnnhu a» in ibdr paw«n. If, 
In tbe ItKtancef wUcb Mr. D'lwacU addnm, ■» bdli- 
pMltton lo Imdllr rxi>rttrin maa tuonlhatcd, a> muiy 
otiieta m*; ho clti>il iu whlrh U\c dirtily oppoiltv i-ro- 
paniity wm neniMikablr. In wiv, tbemoU tuibulnit of 
eterxHMM, .T.tchflu*, U&cte, Canxxm, ind a Uing Utt ftf 
oUm pwti. iliithiBiiuhiHl tbrnurltcti and, Ihoosk It 
may tie icnntrd (hat Horace wu s bsd rider, and VIrgfl 
no uiuilt-playvr, yet. wn llw oUmt hand, Dante waj, •mv 
kniia. a latraner ai wi-ll as iw^mlMniiii ; Tiuao, espctt 
boEb »± iwordHABn and dancer t Altleri, a Rrent rMar : 
Kiop(t(ick. a tkaitiir: Cowper. boioM. in lili yvaOi, «t 
rtkkrt and foot-hdl , and Lord nyrao. prt^mlDOit lo 
all »ort> of i-xpirlaet. 
^^ tThrll.»«.J'>hnWloffltM.<rflhcr«MitMMnir«;^ 
^R(h«r lo Lof* PowefawBTl. - - • - - - "~ 

Ilo died Of a feMC. Msr 

C 3 





One of the most striking results of the 
English system of tHlucation is, that while in 
no country arc there so many in-rtancc* of 
irmnly fricntl^hips Cfurtv formed and steadily 
mnintiiined, so m no other countri-. perhaps, 
arc the feelings towards the narcntiU home 
80 early estranged', or, at tne Iwit, feelily 
ihcrishcd. TniRiidanted as Ik>\*8 are fr-om 
the domestic tircle, at a lime of life when 
the affiiftioris are most diHxjsed to clifif;, it 
w hut natural that they should aeeJt a sub- 
stitute for tlie Uen of hniiu:- in those hoyi-sh 
friejidships whieh they fonn at school, and 
which, connected iw they art; with the scenes 
and eventH over which youth ihrev its charni. 
retnin c\'er after the stronpest hold upon 
their hearts. In Ireland, and I hclieve nl»o 
in France, where the system of e<lucation 
is more domestic, a different result in iic- 
Oordingly olwcrxahle : — the paterual hoinu 
cornea in for its due and nRttirnl ^htire of 
afibction, and the growth of IHendsliiji^, out 
of this domestic circle, is pn^rtionably 

To a vouth like B\Ton, alioimdinc with 
the must piissioiwte feeUi>g», uiid iindJnt> 
sympathy with onlv the nmer part!? of Sin 
nuturtT at home, the little world of whool 
atTorded a vent for his affections, which was 
mire to call them forth in their most ardent 
form. Accordingly, the fricridshiiis which 
he eontrucled, both at school and collet^, 
were little less than what he himself tle- 
WPiHeR them, "(Mssions." The want he felt 
at home of those kindred dispositions, which 
pTcetetl him omonji " Ida's stvciul hand," is 
thus strongly described in one of his early 
poems': — 

K. nil. Oil liMrtng of U)« tou of hit bdovMl tdtocA. 
flrti cmota of CblMe Hiraltl : — 

" Aiidtlw«.iiir rritndl— slDcvunaTiUlncvoe 
BtinurrMn mr tuiait.atid mlDfclu «lth thr itralOM 
Had ih* nronl Uid Ihoe «fth Ihe mi^htj low, 
Prlile ralghl tortJd e'cTk rrlcndihlp to complain : 
V«il Usui ualaurel'il todeacead In vala, 
Bjr all roTgottcD, ivre the loacljr brcajt. 
And iiiIt ini(>tn>diof nitli thi- Imsiwlnl >li(in. 
White Ciloff cnmoi *□ rnaur a tnnuicr rrcit t 

Wbal hnlit tbou ilvae to ibik lu ji«nn;(<illy to ro«t ?"] 

' [" Vi'c mutt dlMont from thU cplnlon. and, In dolcg 
H>, we Mine «« BUf lalfljr appr«l to Ike prttonal rx- 
pvrfcim of our nadrn of all rimw. Bat the ob- 
umUioa, vTta had U bcra )tut. vlftil at vail Uai« tiMii 
oiaWad la • Uto of Lard Djtoo, vbo nnainty had no 
paantd boou tnm wliiek hU fedlnci could tun bMii 
ttttwatpA bf nr paailblo ijntnii of edticutoiL The 
■WMt (ume*4 of tMMradon had nevKX flowod Cor Itlm. 
and the diaHU«t of frabrmal lalrrnviirw, tmXan't ear- 
IlHt bodI bcti anttdalM to MlBkbiwu, ha had never 
kwnm."— Qtuirr. Hft. ItiU.] 

* [" At ei{bt or nine jaat of a|« tha bay goM to 
•dMMl Ftgm Ibal nKNDnrt h« bccouea i Mniicvr In hb 

*■ UUMnaoaanbcTOBditoeoammmdalB, 
Endiar'd to ril la chkMhood'a wjr unwT 
Ab ! (iir« Mrae itrooKcr Ifcpolie vJbralH hn«^ 
Wtilch whUrjm, FtimiUlirp «rlIlbediiaM]rda«r 
To lynr. wbn tbiu for klndr<4 twarti muat roiai. 
Aim! H*k ahroKl ttin ln>« drnM 4t bun* i 
Thoip hrorti. dear Ida, bava I found ta tlwa, 
A boiatv a wwlil, a paiadlte to mo.'* 

This enrly votinne, indeed, abounds whb 
the most affectionate irihutes to his school- 
fellows. Even hi5 expostulations to one uf 
them, who hiul given him some cense fi>r 
eouipliiint, arc thus tenderly conveyed : — 

" Vou kacB tliat laj koul, Uiat njr bmrt, mr r«l*l«iKC^ 
II daofer ih-iiiaiitl«d. wprr wbotlj jnur awn; 
You know mr unallrrrd lir frar* oc tqr dtoUBce, 
Urrotcd to lore and to triendslilp aloMt. 

" You knew _ Imi away vitb ibt vaia fMrogpMOcn, 
The bond ol aSHtkn no lonier radum. 
Too iMc jou mar drosp o*fr Uio fbfid mmlkcilm. 
And tifb far tb« frintd •mho *at former)/ yotm.** 

The fbllowiog Ueftcripiion of what he felt 
after leaving Harrow, when lie encountered 
in tlie world iinv of \m old schooUfellows, 
fulls fkr hhort ai the scene which actually 
occurred luit a few years before hi« death in 
Italy, — when, on meeting wilh his friend, 
I,^rd CTlnre, after a long M'poration, he was 
affected ahiiost to tears by the recoUectkmt 
which rushed on him. 

" tr chauw Mm* ««1I rwwmbM-'d taet, 
»ane oM companloo ot my nAf race. 
Advaoea to cUm hd frlrvd vUb hoiwit )«f , 
My e7«i, m; heart, proclatan'd tujttx boy ) 
Tbr gllElOTtnj; lanut, t1t» auitcrlns gimtf artxnid, 
Virn all rorgollna nhm m; (H«od waa fbvad." 

It will lie seen, hy the extracts from ht> 
mcmonuidimi-booii, which I hoTC pven, that 

htbcr'a bniaa. Tba toarm of parental ktndam li li- 
tarnqilML Tlia anUca of U§ notbcr, tboa* IMdar ad- 
monlUona. and lh<> »oIldt»a« can of botk Ui panmta, wo 
no lonecr brTorc hli rjta — jmr aftc* year ho belt 
htaudr morr d*«acbvd tna then, till al laM he b ■• 
rthciaally wMW d fram ibe ooimoction, at to flod hkaadf 
ha^fkr aay wtoan Itaa fat tbdr oonpai^.'' — Cotffm, 

> Ercn preTfcnuljr to kdj of thotn tcbonl frI«nhh1|M, 
Iw hod forowd thr tame ton of rootantlc aUocbntnt to a 
bof of lili own aire, Ibc ton of oae of Ui tnutnla ^ 
Novttcad [ and t>i^ff> ar*^ two or lhm> of hit ma>| )o. 
Tonllt poem*. In which bo dwrili iw baa upan tho In* 
cqtullty than [Wwamlh of Chit tt\miAMp. Thnc:^ 

■' Lot FiiUf fmlli*. t'l vl»^ Ihe narar* 
i>t ihi-^ Mid mr In frimdihlp twined ; 
Yrt Vlriiir wHl liafc ftruet cUlint 
To \a%v. than ruik with Vice oobiUihrL 

** Aod Iboujiti nnmual It thy fltta, 
hint* ude derVd my blfhrr Urth, 
Y«t travy not ihlt gaudy ilair, 
Thlnr li Ihe prkie or laodett wonh. 

" Onr louti at tnatt efmt«filal ncH. 
Nor can tliy lot my rank dUnraca i 
Oiir lni«ronir»r tt sot Icia twt«t. 
8lnce worth of rank tupfjUe* Ih^ place. 

" Naraubvr, t^M." 




Mr. Peel wns one of hb conlcciponiries at 
Htirn ir and the foUowinc intervstine ancc- 
of HI occurrence in which both tteri: 
has been rcUtod to dic by a friL>nil 
the latter gentleman, in whose words 
I dull endeavour aa ticariy as poHsililc to 
pre it- 
While Lord Byron uid Afr. Peel were at 
Uanow toKetJier. a tYraiii, some Tew ye^u-g 
oUcr, whose name was ••••••, cliiime<l 

1 tofaglittte Peel, which claim (whether 

or wronfHy I know not) Feel resisted. 

retiacanee, however, vas in vain: — 

•••••• not only subdued him, but deter- 

aiined altio to jninish the refmclory .kIuvc ; 
and p r oc eed ed forthwith to put this deter- 
atnation in pn\cticc, by tnilicting a kind of 
hMDBado on the inner fletihy hide of the 
W^B ann, which, during the operation, wan 
IvWed round with some degree of technieal 
ikfll, to render the paio more acute. While 
Ae vtripes were nieceedlng each other, unil 
poor Peel writhing un<ler them, BjTon saw 
tnd felt for the mtBcry of hln frii-ndi and aU 
though he knew that he was not strong ejioiigh 
10 fight •••••• with any hope of success, 

■nd ihat h was dangerous eren to npprojicli 
kiln, he adranecd to the »ccnc of at>tiati, and 
% with a blnsti of rage, tears in his cyeN, and a 
I jl voire trenbfiag between terror and imti^< 
U nation, asked very hiunhly if •••••• 

I would be pleased to tell him " how many 
•tr^iea be meant to inflict ':"■—" \Vhy,'' re- 
tnnied the executioner, "you little m«eal, 
what y that to you?" — ** Because if yon 
plane, " »dd Bttod, holding out his arm, " I 
wouU take half!" 

lliere b a mixture of »ijnplioity and 
—gnmimity in this little trait which is truly 
heme I ana however we may smile at the 
ftieodahrpa of boyx. it is hut rarciv tlmt the 
fiiendKhip of numhood is capable oi any thing 
hllf so generous. 

^" iftij his iichoot favmiriteg a great 
', H may be observed, were nobles or 
. . Boble fiimilv — Lords Clare and Delawarr ', 
the Duke of Dorvet ', and youn^ Wlngfield ; 
ind that their rank nut^ have had some 
•htfc in firtt attractitf hts regard to them, 
■i|fat appear from a circumstaiii-e mentionnl 
M nw ny one of his ttchooUfelluws, who, 
Wb^ monitor one day, had put Lord Dela* 
on htn list fur punishment. Byron 

* lC « p> g ».J«to. afth bri PeUmrr, bom Odtvhvr, 
OW.lWlill>ilitotoh«r.Jaty. 1^6. In m unpabllilKd 
1«» tt Lvd BjnvD. -Uua tterew. Nor. 4. imn, h« 
4P> " Lara IMavarr li cooildenblj fooivcr <h^^ nt*, 
aia thf noM foad-Utnprrcd, uitalilcv cltvvr ttOaw tn 

: to an wltldi b« add* Uu qiulltr (a gooi 
^ (■ Um tfTM nl a vimun) nf bdns ronarkolify 

OtUvifT and nriKtr am. In a tnamt«r. 

far DU at mjr forcfatber* In Cbartf* 

hearing; of th'u, came op to lum, tmd uitd, 
" Wildinian, I Qnd j-ou'vc got Delawitrr on 
your lijtt — pray don't tick him," — " Why 
notV" — Why, I don't know — cxcejittbat he 
is a brother peer. But pray don't." It is 
almost Ticc<!lc*s to add. that nls interference, 
on such grounds, was any thing but surce«.*tfiil. 
One of the few merits, inJeud, of public 
schiKiU K, that they le\-el. in some degree, 
thcMc lu'tifu'iul ilisciiictiuiiit, iuid tliul, however 
the pwr mav have his revenge m the world 
allerwnrds, tlipyuinj; nlelieian Ls for once, at 
least, on bOiiiPthing like an equality with 

It is true that Lord B^Ton's high notions 
of rank were, in hh boyish days, so little 
disi^iiscd or softened down, ns tu druw upon 
him, at tini05, the ritliculcof his componions ; 
and it was at Dulwrcli, I think, that from 
his frequeat bna&t of the .superiority of an 
old l-jipluih barony over all the later creations 
of the jieenijitT, he mt the nickname among 
the boys, of" the <ild EngUah buruu." But 
it LS a miMafce to suppose that, either at 
flchool or afterwardN, he was at nil ^lidcii in 
the selection of his tricndit by aristoerntic 
Kympathies. On the contmry. like most 
\cry prtHid persons, he cho»e his intintatt's in 
gpncml from a rank beneath his own, and 
ihoye boys whom he ranked as Ji-iemU at 
school were mostly of thiK de»cripttun ; while 
the chief chonn that rccoimuended to him 
his younqer favourites was their inferiority to 
himself ui ai^ and strength, which enabled 
hiiD to liKluL'e hi» generoiu pride by taking 
upon himselC when neccstary, the office of 
their [irolet'tor. 

Among those whom he attached to himself 
by thi5 latter tie, one of the earliest (though 
he has omittetl to loeution hU iiaiael was 
William Harness', who at the time of lus 
entering Harrow was ten years of age. while 
Byron wan fourteen. Young Hnrnt-wt, ittill 
lame from an accident of his childhood, and 
hut jiiKt recovered from a suvere illness, was 
ill fitted to struggle with the difGcidlics of a 
miblic school ; and BjTon, one ilay, eecing 
nim bullied bv-a boy nmcti older and stronger 
than hmiNvll; interiered and took his part. 
The next day, as the little fellow was sramling 
nlonf% Byron cnme to him nnd Kud, " llanip.-«, 
if any one bullies v"u, tell uic, and I'll thra.>h 
him, if 1 can." The young chnn^non kept 

the KlrK'i cIbm. taarrted Into their lMrilr.**~Sw B«- 

■ uXIAMl.] 

■ [R(iin(fJi>hD'FT«t«1ck. toanh Dnke of DoTtrt. 
born Nov. 1793. Thli aalxblr nobU-uiau "m^ killrj liy 
a (an from kb kora, «bUe tiuiiUiij tii»r JTuIjUd, >'eh- 
IfilS. SwjKWf. LMt«r. No. 917.] 

■ [Mr. lUnwM U now mlnliier o( Ilcfvfit Sqnara 
Cirarrh. ll<ihaapaUlibcd"ScnBaaioi> tiiv SttrracniMit," 
the -■ CoUBttlon af CkritUaDky itiUi llofiitiKM." *tf-\ 

c + 

h'\x won), and tliey were frnm this time, not- 
withhlaiidinf! the difference of their aites, in- 
scx>arable Iriends. A cmilnosM, however. 
HiihseqiiciitU arose between thciti. to which 
Qiul to the juvenile friendship it interrupted, 
Lord B\Tnn, in a letter iiddreaiM-d to lUraetis 
six \eam nftcrvriinJs. alludes with so rouch 
kiinflv feeling, so rimch delicacy and frank- 
ness, that I am tempted to anticipBte the 
ilnte o( the letter, luul give au extract from 
it here, 

" Wf hrtth seem iwrfctlly to rccolleet, with 
& mixt^ire of plea-surc and regret, the hours 
we once (tassed tOj^ethcr, and I assure jnu. 
mnst siiircrely. they arc niiiiibrrtrd aitioiig 
the happiest of my hricf chronick" of enjoy- 
ment. I aiii now grUing into yrvm, ihal is tn 
ay, I wax la^niy a month <i|<u. ami another 
yenr will send me into the world to run my 
career of fally with the rest. I wiw then 
just fourteen, — -you were aiinost the firnt of 
my Ifarruw Iriends, certainly ihcjint in my 
ejttccm. if not in date ; hut an ahsencc froni 
Harrow for sunii* tiuiu. Khortly after, and 
new eonnections on your side, and the differ- 
ence in our rondiict (an twlTatita^e dei-Jdedly 
in your favour) from that turlmlcnt and 
riotousdisposition of mine, which impelled me 
into every species of misciiirf", — all xhuw cir- 
cuniNtani'i-K eouihiiied to destroy an tmlLtuacy, 
wliich atfectiou urged nie to condauc, and 
memoni' compels me to regret. But there is 
not a rirriun^tatice jittcndinfi ihiit [M'riod, 
hardly a sentence we exchaniKid, which is 
not impressed on my mind at thU nrnment. 
I need not say more, — this assiinince alone 
must convinee you, had 1 constidercd them 
as trixTul, they wouKl have been less indplihle. 
How well I rccollL'Ct the rierusul of your 
' first flights ! ' There U anotlicr circumstance 
yon ihi not know; — the yir4/ {htex I ever 
uttempted at Harrow were addressed Co i/tm. 
You were (o have seen ihem .- but Siiiclmr 
haii the copy in his po'sses'iion whim we 
wcnl borne ; — -and, on our return, wt; were 
«trttrigcrrt. They were destroyed, and cer- 
tainly no great loss ; but you will perceive 
from this circiinihlantc my opriiious at lui a;;e 
when we cannot he hypocrites. 

" I have dwelt lonjier on tius theme thnn 
I intended, and I ^hall now conclude with I ought to have begun. We were once 
friends^ — nay, we have always been so, for 
our tteparaiiou was the effect of chance, not 
of disscntiion, I do not )t,nr>w how far uur 
de«tination.i in life may tlirow us together, 
but if opportunity imd inclination allow you 
to waste a thought on such n hare-brained 
being as myself you vill fmd me at least 
smccrc, and not ho bigoted to ray fadta sis 
to bvolvc others in tlie consequences. Will 
you sometimes write to mc Y I d» not a<ik 

it often : and, if we meet, let us be vhu wt 
thotiU he, and what we w^r^," 

Of the tcnflciuujine^s with which, u we 
Kce in this letter, he clung to all the im> 
preftsions of his youth, there can be no 
(Stronger proof than the very intercstiiw fact, 
that, while w> little of his own boyLsn cor- 
rejiponittince has been preser\'ed, there were 
louiid among his papers almost all tlic notes 
and letters which hLs principal school 
favoiiritc», even the youngest, had •ever 
ndJrejixed to him ; and, in some eaM;», where 
the youthfiU writers had omitted to date 
(heir ficrawls, bis faithful memory' had. at on 
illte^^ al of years uHcr, supplied the deficiency. 
Among these memorials, so fondly irca<mr«l 
by hitn, there is one which it woidil be ur^juxt 
not to cite, as well on accotmt of the nuuily 
spirit that dawns through it.s own thilJiftfa 
Uttfuage. as for the Hake of the tender and ' 
amuble fecUng which, it will be seen, the 
re^MTusat of it. in other days, awakened in 
Byrou : — 


" Hurvw OB tbr IltU, Juljr M. IWi. 

" Hinre you have been so uminuiilly itnUnd 
to cue, in calling me names whenever vou 
meet me, of lute. I nutst hcg an (explanation. 
wishing to know whether you chouse to be aa 
grxid frictKli with me as ever. I mu&t own 
that, for tliih last month, yim have entirety 
cut me. — for, I suppose, your new cronies. 
Dm think not that 1 will { because you choo&e 
to take into your head some whim or other^ 
be always going up to lou, nor do, ils I ot^ 
Ner\'e certain other fellows doing, to ix^kin 
your friendship ; nor think that I am your 
fi^ond cither through interctit, or becaiue you 
arc bigger and older than I am. No,— it 
never was so, nor ever nhall be iw, I wal 
only your friend, aud uai so stilt. — unless 
you go on in ihi* way, caUlmg mc names 
wbcnrvcr you sec me. I am sure you may 
easily jterceii'e I do not Uke it i therefore, 
why fthould you do it, unle&s vou wii>h that 
I Mhoutd no longer be your friend ? And 
why should I be so. if you treat me unLindIv 'i 
I Imve tio interest in being so. Tliough you 
do not let the Ikhs luilly me, yet ifvM 
treat mc unkindly, that is to mc a great anai 

•' I iun no hj-pocrite, Byron, nor will I, (at 
your plcasiu-e, ever suffer you to rail mc 
names, if you wish roe to be your fncud. If 
not, I cannot help it. I am <:urc no one c&a 
sny that I will cringe to rcmiin a friendslijp 
that you have rejected. Why ^h(>llld I do 
so? Am I not vour equal? Therefore, 
what inlcreftt can I nave in doing ^=0 ? When 
we meet i^iu in the world, (lliut i«, if you 




cfaooac itf) ifou cminot advance or prnniote 
■r, nor 1 juu. Therefore I Ijer and cnlrTOt 
of jou, if you value my fricinlsnip, — whith, 
by jxwr conduct, I am auri; I iiujMHit thiiik 
you do, — not to cull tnc the iiamea vou do, 
DOT abuse me. Till tkit time, it will be nut 
of my powvr to call jrou friend. I ftimll Im: 
oMiavd for an iuiawct as soon as it U con- 
— - - tiU then 

** I rciuain youra. 

• • 

* I cBBDot say y\nir frieiul." 

EndoTMNl on this Inter, in the handwrittrg 
of Idinl HjTon, is the following ; — 

'This uul anotbiT letter were written 
jw, by my thrti, and I hope ever, 
ftientl, Jjorii * •. when we were both 
•AuoUmV-t. luid M-nl to my ritudy in coiimn 
qiietKe oT name childish inutuodenttandiiig, 
— the iiidy one which ever arose between ua. 
It wu of &hurt durutiuti, and I retain this 
le mjIpK for the purpose of suhinitting it 
hu pentNkl, thut we may smile ovit the 
:tion o( the insigniiicance of our first 

" Braos.** 

Id a letter, dated two years afterwords, 
from the wuiie Uty '. iherv occurs the foUow- 
inj? characteristic trait :— " I think, by your 
l«t letter, that you arc very much |!ii|iiccl 
with utmt of your friends ; and. if I ani not 
■mefa amtaken you are a little piqued with 
aw. In one part you say, ' There h little 
Of no doubt o few vcar*. or months, will 
naJef tu as politely mdifferent to each other 
* we had nercT pasted a portion of our 
tocpther.* Indeed B}Ton, you wroiif; 

\ ana 1 Kate nt» doubt — at leaat, I hope 
— jou wrong youTicli'." 

Aa that propensity to seIf-Uclineau"on, 
ikich *^ itniuiily per\Tidc5 his maturer 
tnrk» VK, to the fiilJ. as preduiiiuiiuit in his 
fttfly priniucttons. there needs no betli-r 
rroird of hw mode of life, as u ftchool-lKtv, 
tin vhai these fondlv circumstantial cfiii- 

■n. ai otbar knm* ai ihr mdm wrtt<>r. miri« 
of tlM I— rin oi lr and i«Mlaat •mitlbllKr 
rrora DOe of th ^. Ibr hMaacr, wr nillort 
a« te 1*1 Ukm nlkwx a bto TOMiit tttmi't tidiirfrntinu 
lta'*ajdMf Brnm," laitwil ol-mf dMreici" um 
ft^aMhri.lbat bbjMloaqr bad bvcD KwakrtieJ tij-Mino 
MynMlaM o( rafiM «Ueb bU corrcipucultnt had rt- 
kt tW tbpMrtnr* at Lonl Jtkha BuiteM tor 

* Xm iM ■»*>.*■ Mgr* the jrvniif Mter-wrllcr, " Uul 
^ MVM n« in luch an afttaUm a* I waa ahoo I 
ante ay Ua kdrr : and du >im ooI think I had noMm 
to t* w P I rtc d nw l a iMUr frcm T^n on Saxunlaf, 
t<A«tB*fDU wnvfOlacabrMil Air«ls|rcnn In March. 
■iaa imiaj Jt*m RaaMll aat off for SpaiD. Waa not 
ts malu iii« ralfaet RwUDchaly ? But lutw 


siimfl Kupnly, TIiuk the RjKirta he delighted 
and exccllcil in are enumerated :— 

" Yf( whi.-n coDfiiwtnent't llngeiiuff houi- «■* Arme, 
OvT f^pnrta. our itDillei. and out kmiIi WR« odp; 
TvectbCf «« ImpeU'd Uib fljItiB ball, 

To)rnth<«' iortn'd tn rHrkttl't manljr toll, 
Uraharrd tbr prndurr at ihn rtcrr'i kpnil i 
Or, piDriRing rram tiir rtwd. ikvUiihut ih»r«. 
Out plUnt llmba the buojraDt walcra bore ; 
In vrrry dManl. nMlura^'d. tbv mmt. 
All. all thai Imthcrt ibnutd b«, bat Um dams." 

The danfrcr which be incurred in a fijtlit 
with some of the neighbouring farmers — an 
event well remciul>ertx[ by some of hia 
BchooUfc'llows — is thus commenioruted : — 

" tillU I rrin«inbM', In the Cictlmt Urlllr, 
Tba nutlc't Miukrt aJrn'd axaioM mj Ilfr ■, 
Hlfli jHilHnl tn nlr lln' inaMV wrapcn htiiiK, 
A (TT of horror hunt from r-rtrj longae -. 
WhlM I, In ct>intial «lth annlhcr AjV. 
f'oufbt od, uDcoDKioui of the iv^MidtaM blow. 
Your am, brav« bof , armlart M* cvevr — 
Forward ytm ipruog. itumilU* to faar ; 
[Mwmi'd and batted \tf jrwar ccw^nerlng hand. 
The BrflToUEtig nrage rall«d upon the land." 

Some feud, it appears, had arisen on the 
nibjcct of the cri(>icl-^raund, between these 
"cIihIs" fns In schooUangiuige they are 
called) and tlie U))k. and one or two skir- 
mishes had previously taken place. But the 
cnj;ngcii]ent here recorded was accidentally 
brouj^'ht or hv the breaking up of school ana 
ibc ili-iiiiih^uil of the vobmtccrii from drill, 
both hiippenin;:, on that occasion, at the 
snrin' hour. TfiLi circumstance actiHints for 
the use of the musket, the butt-end of which 
was aimed at Byron's head, and would hare 
felled bint to the ground. Init for the inter- 
poi^ition of bib friend Tatersul'^, u lively, 
bigb-t.piritc<t boy. whom be addresses here 
under the itiiiine of l)ll^-tl^. 

Xotwiih^toiiding these genenU habits of 
piny and idlcnesn, which might seem to in- 
dicate a certain udseiice uf reflection and 
feeling, there were momenta when the youth- 
ful poet wotdd retire thoughtfully within 

can Tm pcMafblr Imacloe that I waa mora agitated on 
Juhn Ruaaetl'* uxount. who ti fconc fnc a few iiuintb*. 
and frtm whcm I ihall hear tamlantl/, tbaa at ywu 
gntef for (is juvf lo tranl «w nuMt part of Ibe vortd, 
wbm I ahall hardly ever h«*r from fou, and perhapa luj 
aerrr ar* jrou ainUa ? 

" It hai *>rrj tnimh hurt inr foatr telllvK nw that jmi 
Tiil|ht be etcuaed If yoB Ml rather iaaloaa at aif mc- 
ptmlnitinarv ennww for U>r departure of ttrefHandwhi) 
wai wivli VIC, thaa of that one wba wai abaeat. It li 
qiltta tiBpoettfale yoa can think I am more aorrj tot 
Joha'a abMon thm I tbaU br Idt rmiri : ~ I ahaU thn*- 
tort Oniab the tublcct." 

> [11m Ker. John Ceril TafvrMi, D. A. of Oirirt 
Church. OifonL He died. Uac. 1119, at UaU-a-PlaM. 
Kent, la Ua tw«iil|->lbunh yaaf .] 

■ Mumr 


hiras«ir, niid fpve wny to ihochIb of miuiing 
uncongeniii! with the iisuul cheerfulness of 
his ugc. They show a tomb in the chnrch- 
vnrd »t Harrow, commandinw a view over 
Wirxisor, which wus so well known to be 
hw favourite resting-place, that the bojs 
called it "Bynin's ttmib';" ami here, tliey 
say, he used to sit for himrs wrajn up in 
thought, ^ briKKiing Itmehly ovtr the first 
stirring of pUMion nnJ genii» in his soul, 
and occnflionally. pcrhupn, indulfpn); iii these 
bright forethoii''h(8 of fame, under the in- 
fluence »f whieh, irh(!n little mnrc than 
fifteen years of nge, he wrote these remark- 
able lines : — 

" Hy r{>iuph thKll t>o mr anno alimc ; 
If that with honoiu' Ml to cnivn mr ■'Ujr, 
Ol^ raaj do <itli«r t^nw my dseiU npST ^ 
Thai, imtf thit. t\uU single out ttw (pot. 
By th»t runcmbcr'd, «r wHIi that fert^it-" 

In the autumn of I80i, he passed a short 
time with his mother at Bath, uiid entered, 
nitliLT prciiiaturdy, into stiuie of the puetien 
of the place. At a mnsquemdc given by 
Lady Fliddcl, he appeared in the eharacter 
of a Ttu^tish Iwy, — a Kort of anticipation, 
both in beauty and costume, of his own 
young Selim. in " The Bride." On his 
entcruig into the house. «ome person in the 
crowd attempted to snatch the diamond 
cresciTit from liis CuHian, hut was prevented 
by the pronint interpoNition of one of the 
party. The lady who mentioned to me this 
circumfitrinre, and whn was well arqnainted 
with MriS. Byron at that period. a<ldti the 
following remark in the comniunication with 
which she ha-i favoured me : — "At Brith I 
saw a good deal of Lord Byron, — his mother 
rrei]uent]y Mint for me to take tea with her. 
He was always vcn- pleasant and droU, and, 
when conversing alwut absent friends, showed 
a, slight turn for satire, which aAer-ycars, as 
is well known, gave a finer edge to." 

We come now to an event in his life 
which^ according to his own deliberate per- 


t To thli tatiib h« thg* nT*<n In tti» " Chlliti*b lUcvU 
lectlaoi." u pdDteiJ lu hti finl unjiutjIUhrcl vnlitm^ ; — 
" Olt »hpn, opprf^'d muh i«d. rurrl>iidliiit iclotnii. 

I At rccHn'd upon o«r ratouilm timiti." 
> p* Tliat thU aflUr gave a culaur to all hit ftitun 
Ui^ we 4a ocit In tlxi t]tt|lit*M lUjinv boline. It w«t hli 
<nm minri tlmt Ba>? tlie colour to th* aOUr. [C «ai liU 
■tupMlrion lo aim alwari at unatttlnabta lhtDf>. I( he 
barf nuirlcdthtfhlQl, he wouldTsf^ 10011 Iutw Uratm the 
aam* runrluihin rnpi^lng brr, whleli hi* ilrrw r«tp«cl- 
Iflf all tlieoblertiarhll moro tonrvMmi punuit : — 
' 'TU KB old iMion ; Ttni« approvei It true, 
Afwl they whrt itnnw it N'«t dnplflfo It mnsi i 

vrttn all t(«uu tlui all dc*iri< to wikk 
Hio p*\tif prlie 1* liardif wortb Che ro*t."' — 

' p'KdthertbtinarKttiouaaDdothDrlDKaiicat — twg- 

KuaAtmi, e:iercidcd a butlng and paramount 
influence over the whole of his subsequent 
character an<l career. 

It wa-4 in tlie year 1803 that hk heart. 
alrtfady twice, a« wc hai'c seen, posteined 
with the chiULinh notion that it loved, cotv 
ectvcHl an attuchmeiit wluch — young as he 
was, even then, for euch a feeling — sunk so 
deep into his aiiiid as to give a colour to all 
hU foture lifc.^ That unsuccessful loves are 
generally the most lasting, is a truth, how- 
ever had, which imhii-kily did not ref|uire 
this inmance to confirm it.* To the Mtne, t fear, must he tnu'nl tlie perfect 
innocence and romance which distinguish 
this very early attachment to Miss Chaworth 
from the many others that succeeded, with- 
out efl'acing it in his heart ; — making it the 
only one whose deudls can be entered into 
with safety, or wlioxc rcsidta, however 
darketiing tneir influence on himself, can be 
dwelt upon with plcafiurablc interest by 

On leaving Bath, Mrs. B,>-ron took up bcr 
abode, in lodgings, at Nottingham, — Ncw- 
stcjid AbU-y being at tliat time let to Lord 
Grey de Rutheii. — imd dtuing the Harrow 
vacations of this year, bhe was joined tfaefe 
by her jwin. So attached was he to New- 
stead, that even to be in its neighbotirhood 
was B delight to him ; and, before he became 
acquainted with Lord Orey, he used nomc- 
tlnies to idecp, for a tuKht. at the small house 
near the gate, which is still known by the 
name of " TIic Hut." • An intimacy, how- 
ever, soon sprung up between him and his 
noble tenant, and an npHrtment in the abbey 
was from thenceforth alwuvo at his service. 
To the family of Miss t'naworth, who re- 
sided at Anncilcy, in the immediate neigli- 
bourhood of Newsteail, lie had been made 
known, some time before, in London, ntid 
now renewed his acquaintance with them. 
The young heirts*s nenwrlf combined with 
the many worldly Bdviuitages that encircled 

glnx Mr. Movre'* pmrAmt — can eondrm ibn Initb oT aay 
tact MDielfH iwenlon. IT iiniucreiifui. incon unn- 
qultnl hma— wUcb hrrr ttirf iRanifcfll} miul da — 
Uirn ull obtanratlaa nod all e&periiMice ihnw ihM f^ 
rcralljr Itiey arc trantlnnt Mtnusttoaa- It U altoectlicr 
iinniturnl tndliiK hnpcWitf tDanr|HUtlon~ of love or 
liate. II miul die. IT tt llTod long intEtuelj-, It wriuU 
Mil Ibe loul of the tafTrTer, It It llro limit lang^ildtr, 
thim we nitnt not call it laftlnR ; fnr loni^ior li one tbiniF 
and paulon La nathcr: and what rtjthi to tlw name of 
paiilon haj a raguc, ttalcH feeling, tbat now and thro, 
to tlte lotieh of lome acddMiiAl aiiocUtlon. lift* lla bp«il 
up tram alorp, aiul Ihrn ta^ It down again on the pUiu* 
ofoblUioo ?'■ — WiLaoN,] 

• I find thl( rlfcinntlaiuv, of hi* hating or^aiianalt]^ 
slept at (hB Hut. Uiotifh ataivted by oat of the old 
tcrtanla, much dauixcd bj otber*. 



' her, much perNonal beauty, and a dispriMtion 
the most uniablc aiid aitacbiuf:. I'hough 
■Imaly fully alire to her chamis. it was at 
the penoJ o( which w<: are spcukiiu; that 
die youag poet, who was then in hu hix- 
Uvoth TMT, while thu uhjcct <if hU itdmini- 
don «u abotit two yam older, i^ccins to 
drunk deepest of that fascination nhosc 
were to Iw »a loHting ; — nix short 
ve«bs vihich he now passed in her 
FOMpMi being sufBcicnt to lay the found- 
Mioa 4K m feeling for idl lifu. 

He [ued, at first, ihou)>h olTered i bed at 
Aoocslcjr. to return erm- night to Xcwstcad, 
tD tlccp ; nllc^ng its a rt-iucm that lii.' was 
•Ihud of the fauiiiy pictures of the Cho- 
wwilui. — that he fiuicicd "they had tuk<.-ii 
■ ^d|^ to htm on account of the dud. and 
WollU come dovn from their fmiK'S at niglit 
tafaaitnt him."' At Im^'lh. utic evening', he 
■id gntrrty lo Miss ('hauronh and her 
caiuiii, " In goinji hnmp limt nij^ht I saw a 
hgle ;" — which Scotch term ticiiig wholly 
inintcllicibte to the young Indies, he cx- 
! pluaed tost he had seen n ffhnst, and would 
wt thcreibre return to New stead tliat cveii- 
I ing. Prom this time he always alept at 
' Anneslry during the remalmler of his viKtt, 
lihich wdii intcmipted only by u short ex- 
cordoQ to Matlock and distlelon, in nhich 
he bad the hatipinesn of accompanying Miss 
QUiworth and her fuirty, and uf which the 
IbUowtQg JnterestiDg notice appears in one 
o( bis nemoramluniMbooks : — 

** Wlien I wBfi fiAixn years of nfe, it hap- 
pened that, in a cnvem in Derbyshire, I had 
to crou in a boat (in which two |>fi)f>le only 
ODtitd lie down) a stream which Howa under 
• rock, with the rock ro close upon the 
vutf wtoailmit the boatonk to be pushed 
on I17 A ferryman (a sort of Charon) who 
vads at the Mein, stooping all the time. 
Tba eonpankni of my traiuat was >L A. C. 
vitb vbom I hod b«ea long in love, and 
antr told i1, thoi^ tht baa discovered it 
viiboui. I recollect my sensations, but 
cnmoc describe them, and it is as well. We 
wtre a party, ■ Mr. W., two Miss W.8, 
Mr, and Mrs. CI — ke. Miss R. and my 
M.A. C. Alas! whr do I nay wr? Our 
Trrro wnotd have Iicnled fctidfl in which 
' 'td luul \tcen Mhed hy our futlicrH, — it 
wmild have jcHned InndH bnuid and rich, it 
aunU have jiiineil at Icust one heart, and two 
poioia iiot ill matched tn years (she is two 

' h Miff fMiRrff tMTi* Iwn lh« rcicaUrcllm) nt tliMa 
l> — III that Mioinl^ to hira lb« MVnrin^ Hnn In (ho 
■VarCbrtath — ■ 
'LlkrUw fl(n3v«aa arru tlurt ifioomWy glarv, 

Wn-d t^ th« bmtfc of tb« it\htrj tlr, 

years my elder), and — and— and — uiA«tf 

hat been the result V 

In the dances of the crcning at Matlock, 
Mijtx (Jiuworth. of coume, joineil, while her 
toi'er sat looking on, solitary and mortified. 
ft in not impoMiblc, indeed, that the dislike 
whidi he always expressed ri)r tJii« lunujso- 
nieut may have originated in aooie hitter 
pntig, felt in his youth, on seeing " the laily 
of hbt love " led out by others to the gay 
dance from which he was himself cxeludeu. 
(h) the pnwent occasion, the young heiress 
of Annealey having had for her partner (aa 
often happens at Matlock) some person 
with whom nhe was wholly unacquainted, 
on her resuming her scat, Byron kuiiI to her 
pettishly, "I hopt; you like vour friend y* 
The words were scarce out o^ hii> tips wheo 
he was accosted by an ungainly-looking 
S**otrh lady, who ratKer boisterously cluimecl 
him as " cou^n." and whs putting hi^ prido 
to the torture with her vulgarity, when be 
heard the voice o( hin fair companion retort- 
ing archly in his ear, '* I hope you like j-our 

Hill time nt Annesley vas mostly passed 
in riding witl\ Mins Cliawortli and her coimn, 
sitting in idle reverie, as was his citstora, 
pulling at hin hnndkcrchief, or in firing at a 
door which opens ui>ou the Irmice, and 
which still, I believe, Ijears the marks of his 
shots. But hiii chief delight was in sitting 
to hear Miss Chaworth play ; and the pretty 
Weldi air, " Mary Anne," was (partly, of 
roufM-, on acronnt of the nnme) his especial 
fuTDurite. During all this time he had the 

Imin of knowing that the heart of her he 
oved was occupied by another ; — tliut, a» 
be himscU" expresses it, 

" Her ■Iflu vera not for Mm ; la ber he vat 
Etcuu alirothtf — but ik>DO»." 

Neither is it, indecti, probable, bad even 
her atlV'ctions lM?en disencagcd. tlint Lord 
Byron would, at this time, have been selected 
as the object of them. A senioritv of two 
ypBTK gives to a girl, " on the eve oi woman- 
nood," an advance into life with which the 
hoy keeps no proportionate pace. Miss 
Chawortn looked upon Bymn as a mere 
sehooUhoy. He was in his manncra, too, at 
that period, rough and odd, and (as 1 have 
heard from more than one iiuurter) by no 
means popular among girls of his own age. 
If, at any mutDcntf Ituwever, he had Huttcred 

Ltfelcts. bill lttr-llk». awl iwfiil to ttftit ; 
A I chr^'»r«!m, IhrntijthUM>ilUnnrH,aboat tommridavn 
Fcoui tlic jUJiluwy •aU wircrc tliclr Imnyx* (tn«"." 
[Sm Woriu.p. 127 J 



himftdf with the hope of hcing lovctt by her, 
a circunistiuux' iiiuutiuncd in his " Mcoio- 
randa," us une of the most puinfiil of those 
humiliation!) to wtiiL-Ii ttic defect in hit foot 
hud ex[MM(.il him, miut have let the truth in. 
with ilreadful tenjiiiity. upon his hcjirt. ili; 
either wiis told of, or ovt-rhcaril, -Miss Cha- 
worth flaying to her maid, " Do you ihink 1 
could care any thin^ for that limie Imy ?" 
Thi.i Hpecch, aa he himiidf described it, was 
Uke a shot (hrougli his heart, Thou[;h late 
at night when he heard it, he iiistDntly 
durtcd out of the house, and scarrelv know- 
ing whither he mn, ticker Ktop|)uu till he 
foitnd hinuelfat Newstead. 

Tlie picture which he hiw drawn of \m 
youthful lovi', in one of the most intcreslioR 
of hw poems, "The Drc;uii,'' (.hows how 
genius and fceliug con clcvntc the reidities 
of this life-, and give to the conimon<cst 
rvcnla anil uhjects an undying hietrc. The 
old hall at Anntdcy, under llie name of 
** tlie aiitiijvie oratory," will long call up to 
faney the " niaidcii and the j^outh" who once 
stood in it : while the iuiagc (^f the " hiver's 
Btppd," though Migirested by the iinn>niantie 
race-ground of Noitinthani. will not tht less 
eomtiice tn the wneral chanTi of the sct;ne, 
anil share a portion of that light which ouly 
genius could she*! over it,' 

lie appears «lrca<ly, at ihiR l)omh s^r. to 
have been so fur a proficient in gallantry as 
to know the use that may Ix" made of thp 
trophies of former triuiuphfi inachievini; new 
oncf) ; for heu»t;il to boa^t, with much priilc. 
to Miaa Chaworth, of a locket wliii'h Bonie 
fair fevouritc had ;;iven htiii, unij wliich pro- 
bably may have Ivcen a present from that 
pretty cousin, of whom he :<peak!« with such 
warmth in uiic uf the notices olreatly quoted. 
He was also, it apjicortf, not a little aware 
of bis owu beauty, wliich, ootwithBtanding 

■ C" Thi« It bravUhiHyntprMiad, uid th* *«atlmml It 
true l» uMan ; Init wv casnM think it pecullvlr &ppll- 
nbie to the ' UrMin.' Ttup old hall of AttnHitf li not a 
cmnnioti nhittt. Id UmK, ud Kill Irai lo U ' the ■ntlmt 
oratory.' 'A maldm M)ila*jaalb,*«fC doubtle** euoarnou 
Qtitwu I hnt have nut tiidi c«inicc>u objKSa laKBf 
nQlloai of Ume* — atv tttt^ not ihr nnly ttutmM, at all 
mutt UapuilcKMcl i^ag 7 Ai to Ibr luii^r'* ' il^M.'^Ba 
notr pocllut mltnal Roiax llisn « bi>rM I lUd liU lord- 
•htp been abnut to moant a mat*, or tako tiii dpiurtara 
on ■ duiikvr> >< xilKlit tiave raqidrod aU tafa j|»nlii» lr> 
Uirov an undjinx luitre ot«t 'that a)))Mt* and 'that 
r*m.' Ttip rnuli-f niltbl hava thought Of PMer Bi'll. 
With mprd to ttw rac»-fTound of NoltlnKhatn. at a 
pvKlofi of the (larlh'i turfitc«, \X It not uararoanLlr, but 
HuUt thr iwrne ; tnerclr ai a rar«-ip«unf1, II MJIt br 
iirlthct th« t«tt«r nor the wonc of Ujrron't ' Urcam.' 
IjH Mr. Moonv. the next lloic hr phlkwr^hlK* on ilir 
[KKTCi of pprtlcal iTftiiii* to *ti«l urxtyln; luttro oa ' the 
camianiwil nl^rcU anJarmit,' turn from Qjroo In all hli 
glory, to VTordrtronfa La all hU— aiul tbcn b* will Im 


the tendency to corpulence denved frcnn his 
uiuther, gnve ju-uniixc, at thiii time, of that 
peculiar expression into which his features 
refined umil kindlL-d aflerwardx. 

With the Kuminer holidavit ended thiti 
dream of hit youth. He saw Miis Chaworth 
once inure in the 8Ucc(Tdin<; year, and took 
his lost farewell of her (as he himself used 
to rebttpj on that hill near Anneslry^ which, 
in his poem of " The Dream," he describe)! 
HO happily as " crowned with a peculiar 
Jindem." No one, he declared, could hare 
told how mucA he felt — for \m couiitCQUtice 
was i-alm, and his fcclines retrained. " The 
next time I nee you," said he in parting with 
her, " I suppOHcyou will be Mrs. Chaworth *," 
— and her aoswerwas, " I hope so." It was 
Iwfore this intcnricw that he wrote, with a 

ftcncil, in u volume ufMitduincde Moiatcoon's 
cttcrs, belonging to her, the following verws, 
which have nirver, I believe, bcfurt been pul^ 
lifthed': — 

** Oh Mnoinj, tartam aim no man, 
Tlw prMent*! lU o'emil i 
M; tavpn of hiture blUi arc o'a. 

In lonrr *^ "■• paiL 
Whj bHiift thou ImBftii lo TJair 

E hmr<>fi>rih iniiit r«*lgn f 
AW. wli; tliE»c ha)i|7 bouti renew, ' 

That Dovar can ba ukm ? 
Paat plHuur* doublM pnaant pain. 

To Mfrow addi ngnt, 
RcvTct and hope an txnh ta rain, 
I lAk but lo— for^M." 

In the foUowing year, 1805, MiftK (lia^ 
worth wa& marriei) to lli« succcsaful rival. 
Mr. JoSn Miistent ; and a person who was 
prcAcut when tlic first intcll^nce of the 
cveat WA.S communicated to him, thus de- 
RcrihcH the manner in which he received it. 
— "I was prt-Hcnt when he finst heard of the 
marriage. His mother said, 'Bvrori, 1 have 
some news for you/ — ' Well, what is it ?' — 

Jutt lo KatuM and to livr rhoMii Kmri." —Biacivvod, 

• AnoDf thf nnptiblUhnl tentt of hli lu mj poa- 
iMilun, I And thn following fragBMUt, writtun not long 
alter thU period : — 

" HlIU nf Aaar*lpy, bLrak and bit*TMi. 

Where mj* thoiiBhUcM childhood (traf'd. 
Mom tbi- tiurUicrii IcniiieiiU. worrlog. 
Howl above thf tuflcd ihidv I 

" Now no mote, tbr faoiin bcfuHiuc. 
Fonnpi rAfuurite liauiit* 1 at*; 
Nnirnn mure nnjr Marjt (mtUng. 
Makai j« ieoni a beartn U no." 

[Sw Wi>rt«.p.I*4.] 
> Ttaa ladr'i hiutnnd. fur Mmi' Une, took her feall| 

* Tbaa* itantw, 1 liave sfoca ftwnd, «r* nut Lnd 
Ilvmn'*, but the jirodiuthin nf Ladf Tutta, aad an cov- 
taiTYfd tn a To1om« publbbod bjr hor LaAjMp In tfa« jwtr 
17IU, — Srnnur FditiMt. 




'Take oui 

TOiir handkerchief firet, for you 
It," — 'Noivsense!' — 'Take out 
TOOT fauidkcrcluef, I say/ He did si}, to 
buiDCMir her. * Miss Chaworth is married.' 
An expression vvxy pcndiiir, inipOHaibb to 
t hatH b ty mued over h'm. ptUu faw, und he 
tail lilt his faandkerchicf iuto hii^ pocket, 
■ffil^ vhh an affcctcil air of coldnatit und 
aaocbitmcc. 'I* that aH'r" — 'Why. I ex- 
pecteii TOU would have been plunged tn 
grief t* — Hu inade iiu ruply, and ^ooll l»;^n 
Co Calk about aotaething cUc." 

ffia pnmiitfl at Harrow continued to be 
of the nine tniant di-srriptinii during the 
«iu4c of his stay there : — "ulways," as he 
imif% hinueir, ** mrketinp, rtrlwllitij'', mu-infi, 
•M in all manner of mii^cliicfa." The "rc- 
MHng." of which he hvrc speukH, (though 
il Dcrer, I Iwlicve, proceedea to atiy ai't of 
violence.) took place on the retireaieut of 
Dr. Drury firom ni» situation as head master, 
*hm three oindidateic t()r the ruraiit rhair 
ited themselves, — Mark Drury. Evans. 
Butler. On the firEt mcvcincnt to which 
conte^ l^ave rise in the school, young 
TAdnuui WZ3 at the head of the party for 
It DroTT, while l))Ton »t first held hini- 
aloof mini any. Anxiuux, liowL-VLr, to 
him B9 an ally, one of the Drury faction 
to Wildniai) — "Byrnii. I know, will not 
because he doesn't choose (o act .se- 
cond to any one; but, by ^ving up the leader- 
duo to hinj. you may at ouce secure tiiiu." 
"Om WHdotan accr>rding)y did, and Byron 
took the cotnmand of the party. 

The violence with whicli he oppoivcd the 
tieciion of Dr. Butler on this occa&ion 
frhjcflv from the warn* affection which he 
h^iJ ff It towards the Last master) continued 
.nnhttter hii> relations with that gentleman 
the remainder of hin stay at Harrow. 
lutiity their opporttiiiities of colli.-ii«n 
vcitt the more (reqiient from Byron's being 
irandoBt in Dr. Butler's house. Chic ilny 
Ae Toong rebel, in a fit of defiance, tore 
m all the gratings from the window in 
ludl 1 and when called u[)on by his host 
ly why he hud couuuittcd thia violence, 
Ofed, with stem coolneso, "Because 
darkened the hHll." On another occa- 
he explicitly, and so Iiu* umnfully, avowed 
geoilcnian's fece the piijue he ciitcr- 

' QlkbM, In ipaklof of pohUc tcbouli. nfi — ** Tha 
I of • riMllin tuM ilUpUfnl. In tbelr Inn 
I wiev%, Ibe mUiiatm wd p«lriob of tfcr riring ecMr- 
h." bucb profiKMlIa, b>«««rr, ue not » la be 
laai— llw nlU. pMesful AddUun wu, wlim at 
UMiMftll liadar of ■ bmrrMi-<na, 
I ■HDdoM.vUcb 1 bMrt clw od Ujc trrtttncn}; 
»af L«mI Bimii'i uliootfellawi. Dr. BuUvr blnuclf 
■ mm, ham htH tvj UIU* luuiiiUlhn la tKX.—Sfe*rtid 

taincd against him. It has long been cn»* 
louiarv, at Llie end of a term, for the master 
to invite the upper boys to dine with him ; 
nod tbese invitations lux' generally considered 
as like royal one«, a sort of comtnand. 
Lord Byron, however, when asked, sent 
back a rcfussd. which mthcr Hiu^irising Dr. 
Butler, hi--, on tha fir>t opportunity that 
occurred, inquired of him, in tae presence of 
the other boyi", his motive for this step; — 
" Have you any olhexengngunientf "^"No, 
sir." — "But you must have toinc reason, 
I^urd Byron." — "I have." — "What is iti'" 
—" Why, Dr. Butler," replied theyumig peer, 
with proud compohure. "if you shouUi ha);]* 
pen to come into niy neigh liourhood when I 
was -staying at Ncwslead, I certainly shouki 
not ajsk you to dine with nie, unil therefore 
fei-l that I ought not to dine wilhynw."* 

The general chaniclcrwhich he bore among 
the masters at Ham™- was tlnjt of an idle 
boy. wliu would never learn anyfhing ; and. 
as far as regarded his tasks in school, this 
reputation was, by his own avowa], not ill- 
Ibunded. It U impo^^stitde, indeed, to look 
through the books which he had then in 
use, and whidi iirc scribbled over with clunisv 
interlined trunslulion.% without licing struck 
with the narrow extent of his clu^stctil atluin- 
meutM. The nic)'it ordinary (ireek words 
have their English significalton srrawlut 
luider them, showing too plainly that he wan 
not sufficiently familiarised witn their mean- 
ing to tniGt liim&elf witlntut thih aiil. Thus, 
in his Xennphnii we 6nd vmi, i/oung — irw. 
fiaaiVf bottirt — avVpiin:ci^ roif ayaSon^ frnod 
ttiiti, &c. &c. — ftiid even in the volumes of 
Greek plays which he presented to the library 
on his dejiarture, we observe, among other 
instances, the common word XP'"'*K pro- 
vided with its Lngtifi] representative in the 

1^1, notwithstanding his baekwardncsa 
in the mere verbal scHolarsbtp, on which 
so hu-ge and precious a portion of life is 
wasted *, in all that general and miacellaneous 
knowledge which is done useful in the world, 
he viiis muking rapid and even wondcHtil 
progress. With a mind too inouisiUTc and 
exeuriive to be iui|»risoned within statutable 
limits, he flew to subjects that interested his 
already manly tastes, with a icst which it is 

' It U AvplonMit to raiitJikf thr t«Mi *hlcli chlUlrvn 
makM vt UtMr Um* al motl kJiooU. omplarlnf, or mli«r 
cMtbc ««a7, liTi or imva jrar* lit tbv tnnilPB of words 
OBljr, aad ilatTtry tn^mfactij." — OMfifg,£ttap4, 

- Would i)M a Chlnw, who tttik lutln cif oof wa/ 
ot tirenllQg. be ■(>( to ImagliM that >ll am 7011112 im- 
[Imnrn were (letlpMl to be t«vhm noii |>rura*ur* of 
thed«Ml lAnp;\u|ea of (aretfn c«<iMi1r», and not to ha 
mm of btuioMt Ui llielr awn ? "-^Ijxke on Ldrntation. 



UFS Off lanD BYRON. 

in vain to ejtppct that the nu:rc pciJantncfl 
of schtMil cuuLd inspire ; anil the irre^Ur. 
Iiut anient, stiatchcH ufstudy n-hich Ik camHit 
in this way, gave to a mind like his an ini- 
puUc forwards, which left mort* disciplinwi 
atid iilutldin^ iL'ompc4itor8 far beliiml. The 
list, indeed, which he has IcTi on record of 
the works, in nil dcjwirtmcnts of litfratiirc, 
wliich he tlitu baNtily uiid grvedity devoured 
belbrc be was filteen yciirs of age, is such as 
■InuMt to startle bclieti — coDipruting, as it 
dov, ft range ami viunety uf Ktiidy, which 
mi^U moke much older " hclluoucs Ubro- 
nun " hide their headi;. 

Not to Vl^e, howL-ver, from tlie p«»wcr» 
■ad nwrements ofa mind Uke UvTou'fi, which 
might well be allowed to take a prinlegcd 
ilirectioa of its own, there v^ Uttle doubt, 
that to auv youth of talent and auibilion, tlie 
plan of instruction puntucd in the preat 
icIiiKiU Olid uni\'rTsitUf> of Kn^Uiut, whnlly 
inadeqUBte us it la to the intcUectual wants 
of tiie age \ nresimt-i nn alienmtive of htiIi 
not a little cmnarraj-Mng. [MffiLnik,nuy,uiterly 
impossible, as be will &nd it, to combine a 
eompetent acquisition of useful knowled)^ 
with that round of antiquated studiui which 
B pursuit o( scholastic honours requires, he 
must cither, by derotinp the whole of his 
attention and uinintion to the latter ohjtx't, 
reoiuD ignorant on must of those subjects 
upon which mind grapples with mind in life, 
or by adoptinf;, as lx>rd B_\Ton and oth^^r 
dutinguisbed prrs<;»is have done, the con- 
trary system, consent to pass for n dunce or 
idler in the schools, in order (o afibrd him- 
aelf even a chance of uttuiiiitig cmincitee in 
tbe world. 

From the mcmoramluru scribbled by the 
young poet in his school-books, we might 
almost ihney thai, even nt so crarly nn age, 
he hml a sort of \-agiic presentiment thni 
everything rvlating to him wnnlij one diiv be 
an object of curiosity and interest. "The 
date of his entrance at Harrow-, the names 
of tbe boys who were, ot ihiit time, monitorfl, 
the list of his fellow pupils under Doctor 
I>rurj'\— all arc noted down witli a fond 
tninulenesn, as ti'tofono points of rctrofipcct 
in his iifter-Utc ; und tliut he aometimes re- 
ferred to them with this feeling wDl iippear 
from one touching instance. On the first 

■ " A llni*ht(1 M'haUr nap emtttv from Iko head or 
VeOraliuwr or Cioo In caul ignoranM of th« autiMu 
■•4 — iwi M laB of RntlUi ffMloBMa In Uw latter end 
«r tlM dililMnai omtwT. " — O/Mm. 

* " Rrron. narmtr on the 11)11, MlilillcKX. Aliinmiu 
Sdwla- LfnaeatU primui In anno Doiutai Iiol. BlUaon 

' UoHltort, 1WI — HUlura. Rojrttoo, llunxnua, Badk- 
W|h. Vaktbf. Lniib.- 


leaf pf his " Scriptorcs tirnd," we find, in 
hib M-huulboy hiuid. the following meatorial : 
— '• Cictip^' ttordon Hyron, Weduescby, 
June 26th. a. n. IMU, 3 quarters of an hour 
pa^t 3 o'clock in the aftcmooii, 3d school.— 
(.!»lvext, monitur ; Toni Willnuui on my 
left hand and Long on my right, liarrow 
on the Hill." On tlie same leal^ written five 
years after, appears this comment : — 

" Etten luiftcet. Po«tbmna I rcathume I 
LAbunlur annJ." 

"D. January 9th, 1809. — Of the four 
persons whose names are here mentiotKd, one 
u di-ad, another in a distant t'limate. a// se- 
parated, and not five years have elapsed since 
they Mit tngethiT in Hrhiml, and none arc 
yet twcntv-one years of nj;e." 

The viK'Btion of (fi04* he passed with his 
mother nt Southwell, to which place she had 
remm'ed from Nottinp^iiun, in tne summer of 
this year, having taken the hou)<c on the 
4ireen calletl Burgage Manor. There is o 
Southwell pluy-l»ill extant, dated August ftth, 
ItHH. iiii which the play is announced as 
bespoke "bv Mra. and Lord Bjron." The 
gentleman, (Vomwhum the hou.'.e where they 
resided was rented, possesses a library « 
some extent, which the yoimg poet, he says, 
ran^acked with nitich eugerneas on his first 
coming to Southwell ; and one of the books 
thut uiustpurtieiilurlycngiiged uiid interested 
him was, as nuy be easily bdicrod, tbe life 
of Lord Herbert of Cherbury. 


»aOo— 1907. 


RA(;TKR ANIJ disposition. PI'DLICA< 


In the month of October, 1805, he was r^ 
moved to Trinity Collc^, C'jmibridge, aod 
his feelings un the change from bis belored 

* " Drni7'i TupU*. IMM. — Bgrnn, Bnirr. Sinclair, 
How. Baldrr, Anatiler, Cilreit, StRmc AcUad. C«r> 

* Durlof oo» of (be Hanow vaeaUaiM. b* pa n a A «oa« 
IfnR hi Hm hoBM of tliv AhW do RooApir. In TooR**- 
coon, far the pnrpDsr of wudxlnc Uw Frtnrfa UaimMi* i 
bat Iw v*>, aceo^inf ta die AbbCa wroual. wtr IMla 
ghtn IS ttttij, aud iprnl mait «t bU tbne In bsxlRf, 
fndag. Ac to l]i« na (iitAlI dlftnrbuwe nl tbt 
taadm wd hU nublUkmnt. 




to tUi new scene of life are thus des< 
pjr tlllHiPlf :*~- 

Whcn I first went up to colle^ it yras 
• new nnd a hcavi -hearted scene for me: 
Snrtlf, I so Duicli disliked Icmring Harrow, 
dwl though h was time (I being leveiiteen), 
k broke mv very rest for the last qoartcr with 
counting the Uuvh that retnuinetl. 1 alivnyu 
kmt*^ Harrow till the last year and a halt', 
thcrr I lik«l it. Secondly, I wished to 
to Oxibrd, and not to Cuuriirtdn:. 
lily, I wan tut completely nlone in this 
world, that it hall' broke my spiriu. 
ly companions were not uiuocial, btic the 
cxiotrarj — lively, hospitable, of rank and 
fiirttinc, and gay far bevond my R^ety. I 
nin^led vith, anil diiic^l, and t>uppv<l. Stc, 
with them ; but, 1 know not how, it wan one 
of the deadliest and hcuvicftt iLt-lin^ of my 
Hk to feel that I was no lon^ n b^iy." ■ 

But tfaouph, for a d'mc, he may liave felt 
All aort M estran^ment at Cambridj^ to 
Moaia long without attaching himsclir wait 
■Ot in his nature ; and the friendship which 
it now funned with • youth itamed 
Eildlexton, nbu was two >'ear8 young^than 
Mnnrlf, even eiueoded in wnnnth and ro- 
■Kwe all his schoolboy attachmvnta. Tiaa 
boy, whcisc mtisicn] talents lirst drew them 
tojether;. was, at the romniencenicnt of thoir 
atquaiiilaiicc.onedr the cliuir at Cambridge. 
thoi^^ he aflerwardti, it uppenn, entered 
ino a mercantile tine of lite ; and this dis- 
plrity in tlieir HtntinnK wa-i by no means 
without iu chiirni for Byron, ax gmciryinf; ut 
once both his pride and ^ood-nnture. and 
feundinjc the tie between them on the mu- 
tually dependent rclationM of protection on 
the one side, and gratitude aqd devotion on 
AjothcTj — tht only relations-, nrcordinsr 
to Lord bacon, in wliirh the littk' friL-nd.sliip 
still remains in the world is to be found. 
nu u[Km a pit presented to him by 
leston, that be wrote those verses cn- 
tblrd " The Comelinn," whirh were printed 
B hii first, unpublished volume, and of 
vhich the foUowuig is a staiua : 

** ftoae, «ha «ra fMcr «t rrieedib^i'i tiaa, 
ll«*r inr mj wi^kiirw aft rcprored nw ) 
TaC mil tke lliir|<la (ift I frlH-. 
Foe I ■■! Mirv Um gi*n land Be."* 

f «1M Willi tlw wvlRfat atymn rnvtU wM to bead. 
Vhm YvuUi ttwirwTThnyoncLomaDil tvft 
Ak I hsf^ jwan 1 ooot won, «bo wooU aM ba « 
tar?" OtMf BanM.t. U. 

* BriwMB itqifrior and tnCerlor. ■' whoae (onune* <m 
k«»preMe«lr)«BB|i(«lM»ul rtMcn«and UMotber." 

' C"» Woffci. p-m.] 

• tTiK awD of " CbUdlib RnrallcctlaH : "— 
" Ifov Iwt, but nMntt. or (be *odAl bMuL 

%m boDot, Dpia, ffouvn Cxaa itaod ; 

Another friendship, of a less unequal kind, 
which bad been bt^n at Harrovr, and which 
he rnntinuciJ to niltiviLte during his first 
year at Cambridge, i* thusiotciestingly dwelt 
ujH>n in one of his jniirnnU : — 

" How Strang ore my thoughts f — The 
rending of the ftong uf Milton, * tfobrinn hiir.' 
has broiij{ht back u[wn me — I know not how 
or why — the happiest, pcrha^is, days of my 
Ufir (always cxrupting, here and there, a 
Harrow holiday in the two loiter Kummers 
of uiy stay there) when living at Cambridge 
with Kdward Noel Long*, afterworilf of the 
Oufirdi. — who, after having icrred bt> 
aoumbly in the expedition to Copeolugca 
(of wliii-h two or three thouiand aconiMlrels 
yet sunive in plifrfit aod payj, was drowned 
eiuiy in 1809, on hid pas^igc to Lisbon with 
his rejjinient in the St. Oeoree transport, 
which wits run fold of in the night by another 
transport. We were rival swuumcrs — fond 
of ndin;; — reading — aod of conviriuiity. 
We had l>een at Harrow tether; but — 
thrrr, at least — his was a I^h boisterous 
spirit tlian mine. I was always cricketing 
— rebelling — fi^ihting — rowing (from rvit; 
not &(Ki/*rov'ini;, a dilJercat jiractice), and lu 
all nuinner of mischiefs ; while he was more 
sedate and {Kilished. At Cambrid-ze — both 
uf Trinity — my spirit rather 5<»ficnrd, or hi* 
roughcneil, for we lieaiiue vcrj' p-eat friends. 
The description of tuibrina's seat^ reminds 
me of our rival fetus in diniig. Thougli 
<'am's is not a xery translucent wave, it was 
fourteen feet deep, where we use to dive for, 
and pick up — having thrown them in on 
ptupose — filateB, em, sod even shillings. I 
remember, in {mrticiilar. there was the fctuiup 
of a tree (at leaAt ten or twelve feet dcep^ 
in the bed of the river, in a spot where we 
bathed mn-ft coimnonly,raundwhieh I UKcd to 
clin^.aiid 'wouder how the devil 1 cametberc.' 

*' Oiir evenings we parsed in lutuic (he 
was tnusicul, and played on more than one 
tfutnuoent, Hutc ainl viotoncelln), in which I 
was audience ; and I think that our chief 
beverage was soda-water. In the day we 
rode, bathed, aud lounged, reading occa^ 
nonally. I remember our buying, with vast 
alacrity. Moore's new quarto '• (tn 1803), uul 
reading it together in Uic evening 

Wltli Mww CMM> (pecli l«i dwid tbe plculag kbm;, 
No t1(w desiadi^i thai pairart Mid ■mac ; 
On tbe MiiK Amy cur ttwllmi im tevun t 
On tb« uaw dsjr oar ituiUoaa caurte mu run.**^ 

* [» Stbrlua fair. 

I.Utvn «hM« Ihon art (Ittlnit 
tinder the Blaur. i^iol, Iratiflurirdt mwiv. 

In twiatod bnUi of Ultn knlttiiiK 
Tlie luoavtnl* ol lb/ a«nb»-«lf>'n'liyt I'alr," *c-l 
■ f KpMlaa, Odts, and oUwr Pomu ; bf Thumaa 





" We only posset) the Enmmer together ; 
— Lnn|T had uonv inUi the Guiirds duiine the 
year I (ixsscJ in Notts, away frtim college. 
JIu friendship, ind a violent, though purt, 
love and pajuioii — which held me at the 
hoiiw |itroid — were (he then romance of the 
most rumantic jicroHl of my life. 

• • • • • 

•• I remember that, in the Bpring of 1809. 
ITohhotue lau<;hed at niy beiug duttresscd at 
Lnne'ii death, anid timuscd himself with 
making enifrram-i upon hia nasie, whicli vriu 
•ni<(C(^>tible of a pun — Long, $hort. Sec. But 
thpt.'* vvnn after, he h:wl ample leisure 
to repent it. when our nuinml friend, and hi»i, 
Hobhouw'fl, (miticular friend, f'hiu-les Mat- 
thews, wu druwneil also, and he himHelf was 
an much affbctcd by a simUor calamity. But / 
did not pay him hnek in pun« and epigrdms, 
for 1 valued Matthews too niuth myself to 
do no : and, even if 1 had not, I should have 
respecied his pnefs. 

" Long's father wrote to me to write his 
son's e|iitnph. I promised — hut I had not 
the heart to complete it. He was such a 
{!oot] ainiahLe beitiu' as rarely remains long iii 
this world ; with talent and ncenmptinhmi-nts, 
too. to make him tht- more regretted. Yet, 
although a cheerful companion, he had 
stnuige nieUniholy thoij^hl> sometimes, t 
remember once that wc were going to his 
luicle's, I think — I went to acconapjiny him 
to the floor merely, in ?oiiie Upner c»r Lower 
(iroiivenor or Brook Street, I lorget which, 
but it was in a street lerulirig out of Bome 
sijuare, — he told me tliat, the night befurt, 
lie * had taken up a pistol — not knowing or 
esiimiring whether it was loailetl or no — 
and hud !<iiup]>ed it at his hca<l, leaving it to 
chance whether it miglit «r might not be 
chari^d.' The letter, too. which he wrote 
mc on leaving college to join the Guards, 
wu w melaneiioLy in iti tenour as it could 
well bo on such an occasion. But he 
showed nothing of this in his deportment, 
being mild and gentle ; — and vet with much 
turn far the ludicrous in hw difipoaitiun. 
We were both much attached to Harrow, 
and sometimes made excurjiioiis there to- 
gether from London to revive our schoolboy 
rtcciUection*." ' 

The«e affecting remenihrunCBS are con- 
tuined in a Journal which he kept during hia 
residence at Ravenna, in 18121. unil tliey are 

I C* ^■— era joa tllrer Imbp of nl^ht 

Hu lhric» nir»ti>A h*t pMH od* light, 
I tniM lluu w<r. mr iipnttn fri^^nd. 
Shall »"■ hrr mllintc orhit wrnd 
AfMVe Ihr di^r.lntrrtl lipirrfill UM. 

Which on™ ronwi'w^ iiui f niith*» rrtml -, 
And Ihrn wtth (how- mi» rhilJhnnd kni;** 
Wi-'ll niln):L«r In Ihe Wtlvi- tiirw." 
IJntt la E. iV. I.omg, Set Worki, p. iU.] 

rendered sdll more touching and reniiirkable 
by the circumstances under which thev were 
noted down. Domesticated in a torcien 
land, and even connected with foreign coiv 
stpiratonf, whose uTQiN, ut the monMrut he wu 
writing, were in hi5 house, he could yet thus 
wholly disengnce himself from the scene 
around him, and l>orne away bv the nureot 
of mcmor\' into other times, live over (be 
lust friendNhijix of liis buyhnod again. An 
English gentleman (Mr. Wjithen) who called 
u[iun him, at one uf hi«t re&idenee» in Italy, 
having happened to mention in convcTsatioo 
that he had been acipiainted with Long, lironi 
that mninent Lord B\ron treiiCed Iiuu with 
the most marked kinuneis, nnd talked with 
him (if I^itg, and (if hi^ luniublc qUBlitin, tiU 
(as thiii gentleman says) the tear^ could oot 
be concealed in his eyes. 

In the Mummer of thih year (1806) he, u 
usual, joutcd his mother at Southwell, — 
among the small, but select, soriely of wlUdi 
plaediL' had, during hli vi^t.t, formed aoine 
intimacies and friendships, the memory at 
which is 8till cherished there fondly and 
pruudlv. With the exception, indeed, of 
the brief and bewildering interval which he 

Siiianl, OK we have stx-n, in the company of 
(iss Chawurih, it was ut Southwell alone 
that an opfujrtutiity was e^'er uflitrded hink 
of proBling by tlie bland inftuenee of feiualv 
society, or of Recirg what woman is in the 
tnie [fphere of her virtues, home. The 
amiable and irUrlligent fandlv of the PigotK 
received hun within their circle as one of 
themselveji ; luid in tht? Rev. John Becher' 
the youtliful poet found nut only an Hcttt£ 
and judicious critic, but a sincere friend. 
There were nlwi one or two other families 
— as the I-eaerofls, the Housons — among 
whom his talems and vivacitv made hitn 
idway» welcome ; aiul the proud shyness 
with which, through the whole of his mi- 
norify. he kept aloof from all intercourse 
with the neignbouring gentlemen Becn).i to 
have been entirely ^imiliariscd away br the 
small, chctrfiil society of Sowthwcll. fHie 
of the nioHt intimate and valued of his friends, 
at this period, hua given nie the following 
account uf her first acquaintance with hun r 
— " The first liiiR' 1 wax introduced to bin] 
was at a purty at hii^ mother's, when he wasi 
so rthy that she was forced to «cml for him 
thrcs! tinHrs before she eould persuade him 

' A KrnllnniHi ^ho hu tlao boaourKblr dlitliipiUhnl 
htrnwir hf hi* (ibUoDlhriiplc |da« and tunxi-itiunt fur 
IhnI nviit Important objwt, Ibp MtnoUontloo of tho co«»- 
lilltfim of thfljMnr. [Now prulifqtiUrf of Sriiuhwcll. wk| 
auUitnoftevnral riliubtx worlu uti thr Conninitldn e4 
Prlendlf Soclrtlci. tbc mgulatlgD of PriKKu Ulil Fml- 
Untiailct, Ac] 



lo eome into the drnwing-room, to play with 
the joung people at a rotiiiJ i;-.uuc. lie 
na then a fiit baihrnl \toy, with hi» hair 
coiobcd stnU|;;tit over his forehead, and ex- 
tremely liite a miniature picture that his 
mother had painted hy M. dp Otiimbniland. 
The next niortiiiig Airs. Byrun tiruuL'ht hlui 
to call at uur house, when he 5titl contiuued 
Jty and formal in hi» ninnncr. The ronver- 
mtkm tunicd upon Chtltcnhiun, where we 
bad been staying;, the atniiseEiients there, the 
pla/a, Af^ ; and I ninitioned that I had seen 
the cboTBCter of Oabrie! Lackbrain very well iiied. Hw mnthiT ;;etting up to go, 
oc accoQipanied her. making a formal bow, 
and L in allu-^ion to the play, smid, " Good 
br. Gab}'." His couiitejiiiiice li^hle<l up, 
bis hand&ome mouth displayed a brood grin, 
an his shyne»!t vnnished, never to return. 
and, upon his niutlier's saying * Come, 
BvTon, are you ready?' — no, she might go 
by herself, he woufJ »tuy and talk a little 
lengcr ; and from that tnoinent he used to 
come in and go out at all hours, as it pleaited 
> it in otu* house eonfiidered himself 

at home." 
iv iiii^ bdy was addressed the earliest 
letter from hia (wn that liiis ftilU-n into my. 
huuK Tie corresponded with many of hin 
Harrow friends, — with Lord Cbre, Lord 
Powencourt', Mr. William Peel J, Mr. Wil. 
iiam Baakes ^ and olhcnt. But it was then 
little Ibriexeen what uencml interest would 
we day attach Ut these itohnolbfiy letters ; 
aad acYocilingly, a^ 1 have ulready hud oc- 
I OMon to hunent, there are but few of them 
Di>* in exlKtem'e. The letter, of which I 
I lure spoken, to his Southwell friend, tJiouL-h 
I Molaining noihiog remarkable, is perhaps for 
tkac very rcsRon worth insertion, :ui aerring 
I lo iliDw. on couiporiuf; it with nia%t of ita 
""''""''", how rfn ^jly hi;; mund acquired 
t- in topoWCTg . There i», indeed, 
I. nn lor me eye of curi*>siiy in his 
jUTciiitc nianuscript*. which they necessarily 
want tu llieir |trinte<l fiirra ; anil that is the 
oroDf evidence of oo irregular education 
which they exhibit, — the unfnniied and 
childi^ luuidwriditt, and, now and then, 
I ercn defective MwIuDg, of him who, in n 
jr^uv ifter, was to sturt up one of 
lofEngfiih literature. 


Barg»|« iUaor, Augort 99. t«04. 

* I received the arms, my dear Miss Pigot, 
md am very much obliged to you for the 

WBftCfleM. flttbrlMoiint roKOTHOun. ni( 
wat bora taftmber, ITN. and dM Augutt, 

trouble you have taken. It Is imnoasible I 
should hnvc any fault to find with them. 
The sight of the druwinjp* gives me prat 
pteasiire (or n double reason, — in the first 
place, they will ornament my books, iti the 
next, they canvbux nii- that ycu have not 
entirety forgot me. I lun, however, norry 
you do nut return sooner — you have already 
been gone an u^'r, I pcrhiip!) may huve 
taken my departure for London ticforc you 
come back : but, however. I will hope not. 
Do not overlook my watt'h^riband and ptime, 
as I wish to earn," them with me. Vour 
n<Jte wa-H }^ven niH by Harrj', at the play, 

whither I attended Sliss L and Dr. 

S — ; and now I have sat down lo 

answer it tieJbre 1 go to bed. If I am at 
Southwell when you return, — and I &ja- 
cerely hope you will soon, for I very much 
regret your absence,^ I shall be happy to 
hear you sing my favourite. ' The Maid of 
Lodi. My mother, together with myself, 
desires to be aJTectionutcly remembered to 
Mrs. Pigot, imd, believe me, my dear Miss 
Figot, I remain your affectionate friend, 
" Byhok." 

" P. S. If you think proper to send me 
any answer to thii, I iJiall be extremely 
happy to receive it. Adien, 

" P.S. 2d. As you wiy you are a novice 
in fin: art of kiiitlinc. I hope it don't pivc 
you too mmch trouble, iio on xluwit/, hut 
»urfly. Once more, adieu." 

We »ha]L often have occaiuon to remark 
the fidelity to early hahit.s and tastes by 
which Lord Byron, thmiith in other respceis 
so versatile, wo-s distinguished. In the ju- 
venile letter, just cited, ihere are two cha- 
rnctcriNticH of this kind which he in-cser^ed 
unni tcred during the remainder ol his life ; 
— namely, his punctnnlity in immediately 
answering letters, and hi.s love of the aiinple^it 
ballad nmsic. Among the chief favourites 
to whirl) tbi.t lattiT ta-ite ted him at thi^ 
time were the wmgs of tlie Duenna, which 
he hm\ the iiood taetc to delight in ; and 
8ome of his Hbjtou- contemporarieii titill re- 
meml)cr the joyousness with which, when 
dining with his friends at the memorable 
mother liamard'ii, he iLscd tii roar out, 
" This bottle's the sun of our table." 

His visit to Southwell thin Munmcr was 
iutemipted, about the beginning of Augu.>t, 
by one of tho^e explosions of temper on the 
iiart of Mra. Byron, lo which, from lii.s car- 
lii'st childhood, he had lioeii but too well 
acctistonied, and in producing which his ovm 

* [The niglit llnnnurahle ^'UlUiu Yftic* Pwl. tnrmlwr 
or p«rll«niriit for Tamwnrth, lOO.] 
1 [WUIljun BadIim, E«)., tbe wai koowB EMtern Im- 


rcbvl ii[>irit vias not alwnyitt it niay he siip- 
pojtctl, entirely blEuiidti^s. In all hU jxir- 
traits of hiniwlf, mi cliirk i.s the prnci) wliicli 
he employe, that the following! account nf 
bk own temper, from one of hi.i joiirnnls. 
iniut be tnkt^ii with u due [Kirtion of tliat 
allnwancc for cxusigerntion. which his style 
of self-portraiture, " oversliuilowing even the 
shfide, re<|»irea. 

" III all uther ixspocts," (he says, afiw 
mentioning his infant possion for Man" DutFJ 
" I tlitfrrcJ not at all from other eliildrcn, 
being neither tall nor tthort, dull nor willy, 
of ray aijc, but rather lively — extcpt in mv 
mllen moods, and then 1 van always a Devil. 
They once (in one of my silent rapesj 
wrenched a knife from me, which I had 
unBtehcd frurii table at Mrs. B.N Jbiiier (I 
always dined earlierj, and applied to mj 
breast; — but this wiis three or (bur yx-anj 
after, jtist before the Inte Lord K.'s decease. 

" NIv oitcmible temper has tertiunly iui- 
proveif in later years ; hut I shudder, and 
must, to my kicst hour, regret the conse- 
quence of it and niv jKvuinnn romhined. 
One event — but no matter — there arc others 
not much better to thuik of al&o — aod to 
them I give the preference 

" But 1 hate dwelling upon incidentnt. 
My temper is now under management — 
rarely Awirf, and irfu^n loud, never dendly. 
It 18 when silent, and 1 feci my fon:haid 
aad my chuck paimg, that I cannot control 

it; aad then but unless there is a 

wuuiun (uiid not any or every woman) in the 
way, I have sunk into tolerable apathy." 

Between a temper at all resembling this, 
and tilt bind liiu-ricanc burHbi of Mr^s. Byron, 
the collision, it may be supposed, was not n 
liltl* fonnidiibic ; aind the iif;e at which the 
youjig poet was now arrived, when — as most 
|uirent« feel — the impatience of youth beginit 
to champ the hit, would but rcndrr the oc- 
casions for such shocks more frcouent. It 
in told, as n curious prrMif of Ihi'ir opinion 
of each other')* violence, that, after jnirting 
one evening in a tempest of this kind, they 
were known each to go pri\'ntcly that night 
to the upothecary's, in(juirinp anxiously 
whether tne other hiid been to purchase 
poison, and cautioning the vender of dnigs 
nut to attend to Hudi uu application, If ouide. 

It was but rarely, however, that the young 
lord allowed hinwclf to he provoked into 
more thaji a passive diare in thoc sceneK. 
To the boisterouaoeM of hi:i mother he would 
oppose a civil and, no doubt, provoking 
Hurncr, — howinj; to her but the more pnv 
foiindly the higher her voice rose iti the 
»r:de. In general, however, when he per- 
ceived that a siona was at hand, in flight 
Iny his only safe resource. To this sununiu'y 


expetllent he waj) driveti at the period of 
which we are iE)K^tng : but not till alVcr a 
M'ene had taken place between him and Mrs. 
Byron, ml which the violence of hrr temper 
had proceeded to lengths, that, however out- 
rageoiia they nuiy be deemed, were not, it 
Bppvarx, unuMUul with her. The poet, 
^ oung, in describing a temper of this sort, 
cays — 

" Ttic eiipt and t«uc«rt. In a ahlrtwlnd moI, 
Jiut lalimaW Ott Udjr*! dbconleDt.** 

But poker niiJ tongs were, it sccins, ilie 
mifisiles which Mrs. Byron preferred, and 
which she, more than ouce, sent reiioumUng 
after her fugitive »on. In the present in- 
stance, he WUH but jti<«t in time to avoid a 
blow aliQcd ot him with the rurmcr of these 
weapons, and to make a hasty escape to the 
hoiLLsc of a friend in the neighbourhood ; 
where, concerting the best means of baifling 
pursuit, he decided upoti an instant fiight to 
London. The letters, which I am about to 
give, were written, immediately on hia 
arrival in town, to some friend<) at Southwell, 
from whose kind interference in bi.s hehidf^ 
it may fairly be concluded that the blame o£ 
the quarrel, whatever it enay have been, ificl 
not rf:<t M ilh hlni. Tlic first is to Mr. Pigot, 
a young gentleman atwut the same age as 
hiinselfj who had just returned, for the r^ 
cation, from Eilinbiirgh, where he was At 
ihiit tune, pursuing hi& medical studiea. 

LnriB S. 


" IS. ricrwiiiir. Aupiit s. laM. 
" My dear Pigot, 

" Many thanks for vour amusing nar> 
rative of the laitt proceedinjTi of my ouialilc 
Alecto, who now begins to feci the eflV-cts of 
her folly. I have jtut received u penitential 
epistlcT tn whirJi. apprehenwve of pursuit, I 
have despatched a moderate answer, with a 
iiiui nf prnmise to rettim in a fortnight ; — 
this, however (mirr nout), I never niwui to 
fulfil. Her soft warblinps must have dfr 
lighted her nuditors, her higher notcji being 
particularly mu^cnl. and on a calm raiwit- 
light evening would be heard to great ad- 
vantage lud I been present as a spectator, 
nothing would have plui»ed mc more ; but 
to have come forward as one of the ' dnuuatis 
pereonje' — St. Dominic defend me from 
such a Kcenel Seriou-ily. your mother has 
laid mc under great obligations, and you, 
with the rest of your fumily, merit my warmest 
tlianks for your kind connivance at my escape 
from ' Mrs. Bvron uriatn' 

" Oh ! for tlie pen of Ariosto to rehearse,, 
in epic, the scolding of that momentons eve, 
— or rather, let mc invoke the shade of 
Dante to inspire me, for none but the 

Mhor of thtr Infcmo could properly preAiiJr 

ot« Bticb an attempt. But, perlnipti, where 

the pen might fail, ihc pencil wniild wicL-eed. 

Vhixa group! — Mrs. B. the principal figure ; 

|M cranutung jour cunt witli cotton, ns 

■be only uiluJote to total dcaJiiess ; Mrs. 

■^— ^ in vain endeavouring to uiiti^ate the 

▼nth of the lioness robbed of her whctp ; 

uul last, thoiij^ not li;ast, Hlizalicth and 

H'tmiJtj/, — wonderful to relate ! — boili dc- 

prifvd of their jjorts of speech, and bringing 

up the renr in mute iiator)i»hnit-iit. llow 

dkl 8. B. rci-eive the intelligence 'f How 

auuy putu did he uner on »o facetiotu an 

eweoty In vour next inform me on this 

point, and what exeu.M;yiju iniule to A. You 

■re protuibly, by this time, tired of deciphering 

this hierogivphical letter ; — tike Tony Lursp- 

Im, jrou will pronounce mine to be "a d d 

up ami down hand.' All Southwell, without 
tloubt, in involved in aniazeiuent. Ajirouos, 
^"■7 does my blue-eyed mm, tlic fiiir • • .' Is 
* nhrd ia tabic gari) <y woe .'* 
" Here I remain at lewit a week or ten 
davft ; previous to mv departure you nh:ill 
Itc tor B(ltlre«s, out what it will be I 
not detomined. My loil^ngii must be 
SCCTTC from Mm. B. You may present 
. comptiraents to her, and nay an\ uttempt 
punue (ne will fiiil, as I have taken fiien- 
jiirw to retreat immeiliateU to Portsmouth, 
on the BnA inlimiition of her removal from 
riL You may luJtl, I have now pro- 
Iwl to a friend's hoiwe in the coimfrj; 
e lo remain f. fortnight. 
*"| have now hhttrd (I must not say 
written) n complete double letter, and in 
return sthall ex[>eet a monttrmu bitihrt. 
lUt doubt, trie dames of Southwell re- 
;te the pemicions example I hnve shown, 
troablu lest their ImS^m shoiitil disobcv 
tlidr mandates, and quit, in dudi;eun, tbeu- 
IwiMMM on any Grievance. Adieu. When 
yon bectn your ncx t, drop the ' lonlnhip,' and 
*B)Ton' in its phicc. Believe me 
4c. " Byron." 

From the succeeding letters, it will lie 

' •pen that Mrs. Byron was not behind hand, 

■ -'.-y and decLKiim, with his young 

.■. but iinroediutciy on dincovermg liii 

, Eiiht, M.'t off after him. 


" LoodMi. Aitgnit 10. IW6. 
' * My dear Bri Jirct, 

" As I have alresily troubled vour bro 
f witli more than he will find ptcaiiure in 
phenn^'. yuu arc the nett to whom I 
I Mwipi ffie cn^iloytnent of {M>rusin» this 
"M epistle. You will piTCcive C-um my 

first, thiit no idea of Mrs. B.*h arrival had 
disturbed me at the time it was written ; taa 
so the present, siDee the app«'arance of a 
note from the Uiuxthotu lauxf of my xttdiim 
dtrampmrut has driven the ' natural ruby 
from my checks.' and ccmpktelv blanrhe^ 
my woe-begonc countenance. Thi« pun- 
powder intimation of her arrival (confound 
her activity!) bre:ithe« less of terror and 
dismay than you will probaliK- imaj^-ine, from 
the vulcanic temperament of her liidyship ; 
and eoiicludw with the comfortable atwur- 
ance of all prctrul moIhih bt'lng prevented 
by the fjiti£[ue of her journey, for whii h m^' 
bicuin^t lire due to the rouf:h niudti und 
restive quadnipt-ds c)f his Muji^ty's liij^liwuya. 
Aft I have not the smallest incljiiaiion to be 
chased round llie countr)-, I shall e'en make 
a merit of necesnty ; and since, like Mac- 
beth, 'they've tied me to the stake, 1 cannot 
fly ,' I Hbull imitate that valorous tyrant, and 
■ bear-like fiyht the course,' all escape l>eing 
prerludeil. I enn now ciiguge witll less 
diiia(lv!U)tuf^*, hiivin;^; drawn the enemy from 
her intreni-hinents, iboiif-h, like tlie /jru/Wyjwr 
to whom 1 have compared myself, with an 
excellent chaneu of beinj: knocked ou [he 

haul. Ilonrever, ' lay on Muc Juf}', aitd d d 

be he who first cries, Hold, enotigh.* 

" I shall remain in town for, at le»st, a 
week, and ex[Ket to hear bom t/ou before its 
expiration. I prenumt; the {;rintcr has 
bruupht you the ofTspring of my^)e6rmflnw. 
Kemendier in the first line to re;td 'loud the 
wimls whistle,' insteatl of ' round,' which that 
tilockheiid Kidgc hiis inserted by mistake, 
and makes nonsense of the whole stanza. 
Addio! — Now to encounter soy Uydm, 
Youra ever," 

Lrrru 4. 

TO MR. PlGOr. 

" LoBdoD, 8iindji]r, mutnlght, Augutt 10. IMS. 

" Dear Pigot, 

" This attcffiisAifig packet will, doubtJesa, 
amaze you ; but havinf; iin idle hour this 
evening, I wrote the enclosed stanzas, whiih 
I retpiest you will deliver to Kidge, to be 
printed scjximlc from mv other composiliona, 
as you will perceive tfiera to be improper 
for the pcrusid of ladies ; of course, none of 
the fciiiale-H of your family must see tlicm. 
I otfer 1000 apologies for the irouhle I have 
fiiven you in tiiia and otlier instances. Youn 

Lnna 6. TO KB. PIGOT. 

" ncudiitr. Aiif\iit 16. iME. 
" I cannot exactly ssy with Cvsar, ' Veni, 
ridi, vici :' however, the most important 
pun of hill laeoiuc account of xuceeiuc up> 
plies to my preMint nituatioii ; for, though 
Mtm. Bynm took the iroubU of ' rowuiw,' and 
D 3 




' ttxing' yet your humble sen'ant proved ihc 
victor. After an obstinate engagement of 
some hours, in which we Hu)rLTi*d conhuler- 
ahlu ilaiiiafjB, from the (^uicknev; of the 
enemy's fue, they iit length rctirpd in con- 
fusion, leaving Whiiul the artillery, field 
e<^i|>a^, and some pridonets : their duttrat 
U decisive for tho present campiugn. To 
spcttk more intcllii^ihly, Mr<i. h. retiims im* 
mediately, but I [irocecd, with all my biiirt-Is, 
to Worthing, on the Sussex cooat ; to whicfa 
place you will addreu (to be left at tfaepcwt 
officcj your next epistle. By the enclosure 
of a second gi'tglc oJ'rAtfnic, you will pmlmbly 
conceive my muae to be tutttlt/ prt/lific ; her 
inserted protlnction was UrfHignt forth n few 
years ngn. and found by accitlcni on Thurs- 
day amoni; some old papers. I have recopied 
it, and, aililini^ (he pr<ip(*r dale, rcnncst that 
it uiav He printed with the rest of tnefimiily. 
I thought vour sentiments on the last Imnt- 
lin<; windd coincide with mine, but it wtm 
inipo-isihlK to pive it any other garb, being 
founded oaj/wlt. Mv stay at Worthing will 
not exceed three weEKs, and you may ;jt«,o- 
6ly behold me again at Soucliwell the middle 
oi" September. 

"'Will you desire Hidec to sns|>cnd the 
priming of my poems till he hears further 
from me. tw llmvc detcraiined to pive them 
a new fonn entirely. This prohibition docs 
not extend to the two last pieces I Imvc sent 
vrkh mv letters to you. You will excuse 
the (iuiJ i'wiUif of this epistle, .ts mv bntin h 
B rham of tihsurd imiiKes, and full of buKincas, 
preiiurations, and projects. 

" I shnll expect an an.iwer with impatience ; 
— believe irie^ there \m nothius at this 
mometit could give rac greater delight than 
your letter. 

Lrm* fl. 


" Londcn, Aufiul 18, IWG. 

" I am just on the point of Ketting off" for 
Worthing, and write nmrely to request you 
will send that idit tcaitmlrti Charlirt with ray 
horijCA tmrncdiHtely : tell him I am cxren- 
fiivcly provoked he has not made his appear- 
ance before, or wrilteii to infnmi nic of the 
cause of litH delay, jJiirticularly as I auppliiid 
him ivith money for his joiimey. On no 
pretext is he to postpone his march one day 
longer ; and if, in obedience to the cii- 
priccs of Mrs. B. (who, 1 presume, is again 
spreading desolation through her little mo- 
nan'hy), he thinks proper to dlsri^gard my 
positive orders, I shall not, in future, consider 
him Ds my ser^-ant. lie must bring the siu-- 
geon's bill with him, which I will discharge 
iinmediatelv on receiving it. Nor can I 
conceive the reasou of his not acquninting 
Frank with the state of my unfortunate cpia- 

drcpeda. Dear Pigot, foipve this pHtttmd 
eHtision. and attribute it to the idle conduct 
of that precioM rascal, who, instead of obey- 
ing my iiyunctionx, w Hauntering through the 
Ktreets of that pvHiicai Ptadtmomum-, Not- 
tingham. Present my remembrances to your 
tamily and the Leacrofts, and believe me,&c> 
*' P. S. 1 delegate to t/ou the unpleasant 
task of despatching him on his journey — 
Mrs. B.'s orders to the contnuy arc not to 
be attended to : he is tu proceed first to 
London, and then to Worthmg, without de- 
lay. Every thing 1 have left must be sent 
to London. My PwIm you will pack tip 
for the some place, and not even rciietTe a 
copy for yourself and siater, as I am about 
to give ihciii an miirt nrwjvrm ; when they 
are complete, you shall have \\icjirttfnnti, 
Mrs. B. on no account is Co tve or touch 
them. Adieu." 

Lirrxi 7. 

TO MB- P[nOT. 

" Little T-Umptim, Augud 3S. INOS. 

*' I this morning received your cpistlc, 
which I was obliged to send for to Wor- 
thing, whence I have removed to this place, 
on the same, alwut eight niilcs distant 
from the former. Vou will probably not be 
displeased with thbt letter, when it informs 
you that I am 30,000/. richer than I was at 
our parting, having just received intelligence 
from my law}'cr that n cauw has bc<!u gained 
nt Lancnsier nssizw, which will be worth 
that Num hy the time I come of age. Mrs, 
B. M, doubtless, acquainted of this acqiu- 
sition, though not apprised of its exact cdiw, 
of which she had better be ignorant ; for 
her behaviour under any sudden jiiece of 
favourable iiiteiliceiicc, is, if possible, more 
ridiculous than lier detcstjUile conduct on 
tlie must trifling circum^ lances of an un- 
pleasant nature. You may give my compU- 
cnls to her, and say that her detaining my 
servant's things shall only lengthen mv ab- 
sence i for unless they are immeduiielv 
despatched to 16. Piccadilly, together wick 
chose which have been so long delayed, 
belonging to myself, she shall never again 
behold my rndiant cftuulrnnnrr illuminating 
her gloomy manaioti. If they are sent, I 
may probably appear in less than two years 
from the date of my present epistle. 

** Metrical compbment is an ample reward 
for my stntins : you are one of ttie few vo- 
taries of Apollo who unite the sciences over 
which that deity presides. I wish you to 
»end my poctiis to my lodgings in London 
immeiliately, as I have several alterations 
and sonic additions to make : rvrrt/ copy 
must be sent, us 1 nm about to ant-nd (hem, 
ami you shall soon )H:hold them in all their 
glorj. 1 hope you have kept them from that 




npas tree, that tuitidotc to tlte urtii, Mrs. B. 
Eidre naua, — you may expect to see me soon. 
Adieu. Yours erer " 

From these letters it will be pcrcciveil 
chat Lofd Byron was already engQgetl in 
preparing ■ collection nf liU pocrii'. inr \\\v. 
pmn. The idea of printing them first oc- 
curred to him in the parlour a( thiit r'>ttngp 
vhich, durinc his visits to Southwell, hud 
beconie hix adopted home. Miss PigoC. who 
was not bcrore aware of his turn for verai- 
fiiin^, had t>ecn reading iilouil tiic ijoems of 
Bunu. when yotmg Byron said ihut " he, 
too, wait a poet sunieHmeK, ittul woulil write 
1 for her some verses of his own which 
ibcrcd." lie then, with a pencil, 
those lines, begiiininp " In vmx I 
fefuHy hoped to clasp'," whirh were priiiled 
fint unpublished volume, but ure not 

in the editionH that followed. He 

repeated to htr the verges 1 tmve 

jdj referred to, " WTien to this airy hall 

Iwhcrs' voice -," no rcmarknble fur the 

:iotn of hia future fame that glimmer 


thw moment the de«ire of nptwaring 
ia print look entire pot^scssicin of tiim ; — 
tlhwith, for the present, his oinbition did not 
ntcnd its views beyond a tqnall volume for 
pnrate ciniiiatton. The person tu whom 
nl the boDour of receiving hia fu-at iniuiu- 
wna Ridge, the bookseller, at Newark ; 
lile the work was printing, the youn^ 
continued to pour fre^h materiaU into 
bw handa. with the santc eagerness and 
npidity that oiariced the progrcsa of all hiii 
oanirer work.<. 

Hi« return to Southwell, which he an- 
OMUUed in the Xasx Irtler we. have i^ven, wtts 
l«t for a very short time. In a week or two 
again Icl^ thnc plnce, and. ac- 
by his younp friend Mr. Pifjot, set 
lijr Harruwgate. The followinij extracts 
irc from a letter written by the latter gentle- 
wtn, at the time, to bi^ sister. 

Ilam>w|ralc is still extremely full ; Wed- 
(londay) is our ball-nicht. and I 
going into the room (or un hour, 
____^^ 1 am by im means fond of straiigc 
[ &ces^ Lord B., you know, is even more shy 
myself; but for an hour this evening I 
';e it ofl*. • • • How tUv our 
_ proceed? Lord Byron can say 

his pan. and t most of mine. He certainly 
acts it inimilal»Iy. Lord B. la novi jivct'ain^. 

■ TM pnHoui pncHUog U Hill, of conn*, pnMrtred. 
I thr « iM-iJmUe of It. ■«« Worki. p. 1.] 
I (Km Worki. p 170 ] 

> Tt» ttriM " Td a btvutlftU Vuakvr." In bl> flrtt ro> 
liw,«ct« «tl(lcnttlUir<ni|itc. [SMVoi)u,p.l!n.] 

and, since he has been here, has written some 
vcrv pretty verses.* He is vcrv' pood in 
trymg to lunusc me as much as iwssible, hut 
it is not in my nature to be happy without 
either female society or study. • • • 
Tiu're arc lunny pleasant rides about here, 
which I have taken in company with 
Bo'swain, who, with Brighton*, is aniverMiHy 
udinired. You mu^t reiid this to Mrs. B., u 
it is n tittle To»y Lumpkhmh. Lord B. 
de-iren some space li-ft : therefore, with 
respect (o all the comedians cA^l-/, believe mo 
to be," &c.&e. 

To this letter the follomng note fronr 
Lord Byron was appended : — 

" My dear Bridget, 

" I have only just dismounted from my 
I'cfiatus, which lias prevented uie from 
descending to jilaiu prose in an epistle of 
greater U-ti^h to your fair self. You re- 
gretted, ill a fonner letter, that my poems 
were net more extensive ; I now for your 
satis&ction aiinouni-e tliut I have nearly 
doubU'd, partly by the discovery of 
some I conceived to be lost, mid partly by 
some new productions. We shall meet on 
Wednesday next ; till then believe ine yours 
uHbctionatcty. " Btron. 

" P. S. — Your brother John is seized with 
u ]M)elic maniii, and is now rhyming away at 
tlic rule of three lines per hont — so much 
for mtpiratmi ! Adieu ! " 

By the gentleman, who was thus early 
the companion and intimate of Lord Byron, 
and who is now pursuing his profession with 
the success which his eminent talents deyrvc, 
I have been liivnureil with some further 
rccol lections of their vi-sit together to Har- 
rowgate. which I shall take the liberty of 
giving in his own wnrd» : — 

" Yon ask mc to recall some anecdotes of 
the time wc spent together at Hurrowgate 
in the summer of iStHt, on our return from 
rnllege, he from Cambritlge, and I fi'om 
Kdinburgh ; but iio many years have elapsed 
since then, that I rcully feci my-RcIf as if re- 
calling a dintant drt-am. We, I remember, 
went in Lord Byron's own carriage, with 
[)ost4iorscs i and he sent his groom with two 
Riuldlc-horsc-s, and a lH:aulifiilly lorrord, very 
fer<K:iou», bidt-niaalitf. called Nelson, tonuet 
us there. Boatswain ^ went by the side of 
bis valet Fnuik on the box. with us. 

* A honoof I^ord B}-Tvin'» .— th«otli«r ]i«r*« thM be 
bad wttta him al tbli tlma mi rnlird Sulbui. 

* Thit bktD(ir<t« dag, on whh-ti t«rd B}-Ton aftrr- 
■ arila wrcte tt)« trcU>kDown rpKapli. [&v* Worka, 

D 3 






*' The buli-rfog. Nelson, always wore a 
muzzle, anil was occ^ionaUy sent fur into 
our private room, when the miu/Ie wa* token 
off, much to my »niioy-»ncv, and he unil liU 
muatcr uintiscJ theuisclvea with tlirowini:; the 
room into disonler. There was always a 
jealouM fc'ud tH'tween thiti Nelson and Boat- 
iiwaln ; and whenever the latter iutne into 
the room while the fomier was there, they 
instantly seized each other , mid then, Hynjii, 
raysclf, Frank, and nil ilie waiters that could 
be found, were %Ti;i»ronsU I'ligai^d in iiartinj: 
tlibm, — whiiih wiLS in peneral only edci'ted 
bv thriistino poker and lonpi into the mouths 
o^eaeh. out, one tiny, \tU4m unforlunatfly 
escaped out of the hmiii without Ids muzzle, 
and going into the stable-yard fastened upon 
the uiroat of a horjie Irinn whii'h hr rauld not 
be disenciged. The sta1ilc-tMy«t run in alarm 
to litid Frank, who taking one of his Lord's 
Wojfdon's platoU, always kept lo4ulcd in Ins 
room, shot poor NeUon through the head, to 
the ffttaU regret of Byron. 

"We were at the Crown Inn, at Ix>w 
Horrowgatc. We always dined in tlie puhlie 
room, but retired very soon after dinner 
to our iwivate one ; fur Byrou was no more 
a frieud to drinkim; than niyHclf. We lived 
retired, and made ^ew acouaintance ; for he 
wftH naturally shy. wtv sny ; whirh people 
who dill not know him mistook for pride. 
Whfle ttt Ilarrottgiitc he acridentolH met 
with Professor Hailstone fruni t'amhridge, 
and aiijKtared nnicli delif;hled to ncv him. 
The protessor was at Upper llnrrowgatc: 
we called upon him one evening to take him 
to the theatre. 1 think,— and Lord Byron 
Hcnt hia carriaec for him, another time, to a 
ball at the tirnnby. This drsirc to show 
attention lo oue of the profes&ors of hi-i 
college is a proof that, though he might 
choofic to satiriite the mode of education in 
the iiiuver»ity, aitdioabuac tlie anliipiatiul 
regidations and restrictions to which under, 
pniduates are subjected, he had yet a due 
tllsrriinination in his respei:t for the imlivi- 
duaU who belonged to it. I liave always, 
indeeil. Imtrd him ypeak in hif:h terms of 
pratttc of Hailstone, ait well as of hb master. 
Bishop Mansel ', of Trinity Collide, and of 
others wIkisp names I have now forgotten. 

'* Few people understood Byron ; but 1 
know that he had naturally a kind and feeling 
heart, imd that there vrns not a Hinglc KjKirk 
of malice in his composition." ■ 

The private thcatricalfl alluded to in the 
lettcm from Hamtwgute were, botli in 

> [Dr. WiUiwn HmiwI wu. Iu 1700. ap|x>!ulGd to tba 
hQwUI>l|i nf Trlulir CsllpRv. ttj Mr. Pitt -. an.1 in IMS bit 
wu tiidvtrtrd to (hv lulliiFnn of hU pupU, Mr. Vmmrji, 
for bti tirnmoUoo U) Ui« i«f) of BrUtaL Ul< Jinlln Lttao.] 


prospect and performance, a oource of in- 
Biiitc dclii^ht Iu him, and took plaee soon 
after h)> return to .Southwell. How anxiuuftly 
he wiLs expected back hy all purtics, may he 
judged from the foliowini; fragment of a letter 
which waa received by his companion during 
their ahaence from home : — 

" Tell Lord Byron that, if any accident 
shouki retard his return, his mother desires 
he will write to hrr, a<f she nhidl he miterabh 
if he doejt not arrive the day he fixea. 
Mr. W. R. has written n card to Mrs. H. to 
oSIt for the character of * Ileiiry Woodnlte,* 
— Mr. and Mrs. ••• not approving of their 
son's taking a part in the play : hut I believe 
he will pcrhL<>t in it. Mr. 0. W. says, thai 
sooner than the party should be disappointed, 
he will take any part, — sing — daiire — in 
short, do any thiti<; to oblige. Till Lord 
B\Ton returns, nothing can be done ; and 
po8iti%-ely he must not be later than Tuesday 
or Wednesday." 

We have ah'eady seen that, at Harrow, 
hiH talent for dcelnmntion was the only one 
by which Lord Byron wa& particulorlv di^ 
tmgui<^hed : and iu one of his note-booKS be 
adiurtx, with evidenf sali^i&vtion. both lo 
hi.s school displays and to the share which 
he took ill these representatlonit at South- 

•' When I WM n yrtnth, I was reckoned a 
good actor. Be^dcs Harrow speeches (in 
which I shotie), I enacted Penniddock in 
the Wheel of Fortune, and Trutlnini Fickle 
in AllLigham's farce of the Weathercock, for 
three nipht^(ihe duration of our compectK 
in some private tlicatricalit at Southwell in 
] 8(Xi, witn great aiiplause. The oecaaioml 
prologue for our volunteer ploy waa ako of 
my composition. The other pcrformcrii were 
young ladies and gcutU-uieu of the ueighbuur- 
liood, and the whole went otf with greac 
i--ll*ect upon our goodHiatiu'ed audience. 

It may, perhaps, not be altogether triflioe 
to observe, that, in thus pcrsonaring vitn 
Mii'h success two heroes so different, the 
young poet dUplayed both that love ami 
power of versatility by which he was after- 
wuril>i impelled, on a grander Ncale, to 
present himself under buch opposite ospecta 
to the woHd ; — the gloom of Penniddovk, 
and the whim of Tristram, being types, as it 
were, of the two extremes, between which 
his own diiiractcr, in after-Efe, so ungularly 

These representations, which form a me- 
morable era at tJouthwelL, took place about 

1 Ix>nl. R>-roii and Dr. fliwt coDUnunl lo be rarre- 
tpondpnti for lonD doM, taut, mlbn their parting |hU 
uauma, tbey wiv mot igilB^ 





the loctcr end of September, in the house of 
Mr. Lcftcroft, «rht»e dmwitij^-rooiii wiu con- 
noted into a neat thcatrt* on the occunioii, 
tad wbo6e rijnjiv concributed some of the 
fur anuunentx o( itn boanI». The prolnput? 
vfaifii Lord Byrou furnished, anti which 
nay be wea in his " Hours of Idlfticat'," 
ns written by him between ^a^<», on Win 
WBjr from Harrowgate. (hi gctliiig into the 
canriage at Chesterfield, he i>nid to hi» com- 
panion, " Now, PIgut, I'll spin u j>ruKifi:ue 
br our lUa; i " and before the^ reached 
HffffrftfH be bad completed hu uuk, — 
iaURupcinf. only once, his rhyming reverie, 
Ut wk ilie proper pronuDcuilion of the 
French word Hrhul" and, on Ix-ing tolit it, 
acbuminf, in the true spirit of By^e, " Ay, 
that will do for rhyme tn nrw." 

The epitopiie tin the occa^tiun was from 
dte pen of Mr. fieeher - : " and for the pur- 
peie d aflurding to Lord Bvron, who yc^ 
ft tpmlf it, an opportunity ul dLspluyinc his 
powcni of mimicrw consisted of gooa-faii< 
I BODredpoitmitsofull thppenonKcoticcrneil 
, b tbe r^oviientation. Some intimation of 
Ah (iiaign banng got amonc the actors, an 
alum «aa felt instantly at the ridiatlc thuH 
Uiatore for them ; oitd to quiet their apprc^ 
luaatoa*, the author wad obliged to assure 
that t( after having heard hi>» epilogue 
nJlLafial, tlicy did not, uf t)icnn>t'lvc:«, 
panounre it kumiesa, and even request that 
It ihotild be preserved, he would most wil- 
liqgljr wohdmw it. In the nteuu time, it 
VBi ooDCcrted between this gentleman and 
lidtd Byron that the latter NhouM, on the 
■on^ oT rviiearsal, deliver the ver^s in a 
boe aa innoeeni aiul as free from all j)oiut 
tt poaaible, — rc&er\'ing his mimicrj', in 
.Vtncb the whole »ting n\' the pkiuiuotiy lay, 
the CTcning of rcpresentution. The 
" eflect waa produced ; — all the per- 

' (Im Wwta, p. IBV.J a [Sc« BrioHUM ] 

* trWaiUullad atRMntofUie Swdbmll Tlwaljkal* 
I aiftiaMaui&.l 

r tkb adlUaM. wUch wm ta qoarta. and cendtttd 
fshwtlHcC*, tkercAraunljrtwo, or, 4ttbouUnint, 
• la edMaic*. 
* r* Ni^ Stmwtod I mtn& thy norsla ind tbr Uttn ; 
Bi ■■■! Iiiil|iiiiii br uiKffmu, tiut iMcliutc: 
CbaM tu dticcJt« ; tbj pUfer'd htfp mterr, 
%m uwfe cIm I^tiui Iwnt to capr Mnat«." 

/:««/uJk Bar^, Ac, Worlu, p.4K. 

lani Sb«Bf<urtl'i ** Pww* Tiom III* riiiltiiMrM of 
l«1a •• C«ni>^(.'* appcwvd In IMQ. " Lord tMraHg< 
hi< OnHvlKKit ■>)■ a bate IniulUhm." lay dw Bdls> 
mm%, " ir Iw t>u Dot NUfbllr piknVKMsrtad, 
MboDiKHvnl thr fhwwl^r of Camocnt, lad 
t«ul* blm Into tnfidtiiial vTTDn. Tb*r» 
la Owm^H w iiuk« « e\ti Mwh ; ti« (i>o^Tiiiirt 
taai^Md bavratE M br fell. MltrttxT tt lir 
Ikl anwsl dMvloritlOo of luinU, or «lu-tLur 

»oneges of the green-room were satisfied, 
aitd even wondered how u Kuspirion of 
waitger}- could have utUiched itiivlf to tw> 
well-iired a production. Their wonder, how- 
ever, was of a different nature a night or 
two after, when, on hearing the uudieacc 
conrulsod with laughter at this sume coni- 
[Ki-fition, they discovered, at hurt, the trick 
whidi the un5UA[>ectc<l niiinic hud plityed on 
them, and had no other resource than that 
of jitining in the laugh which his pla^^ful 
imitation of llie nhule dramatis jicrtioiac 

The fcmall volume of poems, wbicli be 
had now for jwime time been preparing, was, 
in the monih of Novemlier, ready for deUverj- 
to the ftelect few HUKing whom it w»s irw 
tended to circulate ; and to Mr. Hechcr the 
finit copy of the work w:ik presented. ■ 'llie 
influence which this ^-ntiirinun hud, by hii 
love of poetrv, his sociability ami giKxI 
Kense, acquired at this period over the mind 
oT I^iord Byron, was frequently employed bv 
him in guidirg the taste o( his youiii; frienJ, 
no less in matters of conduct tlian of litera- 
ture ; and the ductility with whir hi this 
influence was yielded to, in an itistaitce I 
Ahnll have to mcnrion, will show how ta 
from untnietahle was the nalurul di.sposilion 
of BjTon. had he more frc({ucntlv lieen 
lucky enough to fall into hands that " knew 
tlic .tto|i»" of the iimtnimrnt. nnd could 
draw out its sweetness us well as il^ Ktrength. 

In tlie wild nuige uliich ht<i taste wiis now 
alllowcd to liike through the light and inu^ 
cclluneous literature of the Hay, it was but 
mitunJ rhat he iihould settle with most 
pleuburc on those workt> from which the 
ieclings of his age and temperament could 
extract tlieir oiunt tiingcriial fond ; and, ac- 
cordingly. Lord Stranglbrd's C'aniuiina • and 
Little's Poems" are Aaid to have been, at 

t1 tw Ibut viHiiig pcrtoni commrocn authanhlp at n nr- 
iki utv than hcrrturor^. trhllK thplr finer U u j«i un- 
cJiJMtLMd bj npeririuw. it li a gMLaocholir Uulh, that 
lirUcarj U abnort euludod frotn lli« ^mHm of fOVKrj 
Has befora ua. Tbe fooofl author at Ilia pfaawK imj 
■uflen lib nilnd to wanilpr without trctTalfil of nmlrol i 
anil the vKtrarafianI rrcalur«» of a prurient tanairtMUatt, 
trkked mil In all lltr UomI au4 fHi'p^ry nf iho nodeni 
poM*« Wfewiaw voeabotarr. ara ibourliUrdlj' pot InCo 
Ita biOdi a< 10«lii, br (bOM «tio votild han been 
tbockad M tt« Iv laaa aedudar daoprr at a ilowarlsbt 
ol»ci«iltr." — Vol. rt. p. «.] 
* (" Who In lofl rolM, lurrwmded br ■ diair 
Of rlrffln* nwlUoff, Dot to V««u'i Arc, 
WIUi (parUlng vjn, and rbrck b;r pasaloo Biab'd, 
Mrikr* bii otM \fn, mlilltt Uiicoloi danaa «n 
*TU LIUIe : young Calullu* of bli day, £hu«liM ? 
Ai ««i>rt. Init at ImmnraV In hU taj ! 
CrivTrdtncondcnin.lhv muw niut itltlbejutt, 
Kur ipaiv lactodlmii adirocat«a of ItMC.** 

Enfluk Smrdt. Ac., Worki, p- 415.1 

D 4 



rius period. \m favourite iitiidv. To Ihe 
inditlKt'nce of such a taste his reverend 
fticiiu very laudably opposed hinweif, — re- 
prescntirig with tnitli, {as far, at Ictuit, ua 
the latter mitJior ii concemeil.) how much 
more worthy inoclcU, both in style and 
tUoiiKht. he mi;;ht fiml alnon^ the established 
naiDts of Knitli^h literature. Instead of 
wasring his tune on the epliCJiitnil pro- 
ductions of hi.t can tempo nines, he should 
devote himself, hi^ adviser suid, to the pagea 
of Milton Hiid of Shaks|)eure. and, above 
all, M'l'k to clevHtc his fancy and taste by 
the contemplation of the sunliincr W-autic^ 
of the Bible. In the liitter study, this cen- 
tleman acknowledges that his advice niul 
been, to n great extent, aiitiripated, and 
that with the poetiad parts of the iScripturc 
he found Lord Byron deeply conversant : — 
a circumstance which corroborates the ac- 
count given liy his early master, L)r. (Jlennie, 
of hw ureal proficiency in scriptural know- 
ledf;e woile yet but a riiiKI under his cure. 

To Mr. Rccher, as 1 have baid. the first 
co|>y of his little work was presented ; and 
thifl gentleraaa, in lootiing over its piigca, 
aiuoag manv thingt* to commend and ad- 
mire, aa welf as sonic almost loo boj-ifih to 
criticise, found one pm-ni in which, tut it 
apjiCBretl to him, the imagination of the 
young bard had indulged itt>clf in a hixuri- 
oiisness of rolnuring br-yond what even 
vontit rotdd excuse. Immediately, as the 
most gentle mode of conveying his opinion, 
he sat down and addressed to Lord Byron 
Home e?cposlulatory verses on the subject', 
to which an answer, oho in verse % was re- 
turned by the noble pout a* promplly, with, 
at the HUnie tune, a note in plain prose, to 
say that he felt fully (he justice of las 
reverend friend's censure, and that, rather 
tliun allow the poem in question to be cir- 
culatcti, lie noiild niKtuntly recall all the 
rnpies tluit hud been sent out, and cmtcel 
the whole impression. On the very same 
evening this [m>mpt tateri5ce was carried 
into elfect : — Mr. Becher saw e\'cry copy 
of the edition burned,, with the exception of 
that which he retained ia hLi own jiossessitm, 
Knd another which had been despatched to 
Edinburgh, and could not lie recalled. 

This trait of thi.' young poet speaks* sul- 
ficiently for itscll"; — the sensibility, the 
lenirvcr, tlie ingenuous pliablenesa which it 
exhibits, show a disposition capable, by 
nature, of every thing we most respect and 

Of n no less aniiublc character were the 
feelings that, about this time, dictated the 

• {Set Stiumaka.] 9 [Se* Works, p. COS.] 

foUowing letter ; — a letter which it is im- 
possible to peruse without acknowledgii^ 
tliu nolde candour and coiLscientiousi>ess of 
the writer: — 


" South 11(01. NmU, reUtutfj 6. lOOT. 

" My dearest Clare, 

" Were 1 to niako all the apologies 
neccKsary to'atonc fur my hile negligence, 
you would justly say you had received a 
petition instead ai' a letter, as it would be 
filled with prayers for forgiveticss ; but in- 
stead of this, T will acknowledge mv ant at 
once, ami I tRist to your friendftKip and 
generosity rather than to my own exciues. 
Tiiough mv heulch is not perfectly r^ 
estat^lishcd, I mn out oi' all danger, and have 
recoverctl every thing but my spirits, which 
are s»ibject to lU-prewMon. \ ou will be 
astonished to hear 1 liave lately written to 
Delawarr, for the purpose of explaining (as 
far as possible n-iihout involving some ofd 
friends of mine in the hutiineAs) the eaiuc of 
my beliavioitr to him during my last residenca 
at Harrow (nearly two years ago), which joo 
will recollect was nither ' f7f ravaiirr' Since 
that period. I have discovered be was 
treated with injustice both by those who 
misrepresented his ainduct, and by mc in 
conscqnencc of their suggestions. I liave 
therefore made all the reparation in my 
power, by apologising tor my mLsluke, ihougn 
with very hunt hopes of success ; indeed 1 
never expected any answer, but desired one 
for form's sake ; that has not ^'et arrived, and 
most probalily never will. However, I have 
enxM my own mruniticr by the atonement, 
which is humiUatiiig enough to one of raj 
disposition ; yet I cotild not have slept 
satiKJicd with the reflection of having, rwi* 
uvivtmHimoUv, injured any individual. I 
have done all that, could be done to repair 
the iiyury. and there the affair must end. 
Wlietlier we renew uur iiiliiiiacyor nut is of 
very trivial consequence. 

*' My time has lately lieen much occupied 
with \eTy ditli-Teiit pursuits. 1 have been 
trantpartvt^ a servant ', who cheated in^, 
— rather a disagreeable event : — performing 
in private theatricals ; — publishing a voliuiw 
of poems (at the rcuuest of ray friends, for 
their perusal) ; — maliing love, — and takin|; 
physic. The two lust amusements have not 
had the best effect in the world ; for my 
attentions have been divided amongst so 
many &ur damsels, and the drugs 1 awallow 
are of such variety in their composition, 
that bctneeu Veiut£ and .^aculapiiu I am 

> lUi Tdst, Fnak. 






bnned to deuh. However, I hare still 
lenare to dcrote some hours to the re- 
wHntionti of past, rep-dtud fi-ienddii|K. ami 
in the ititerval to take the advantage of ihe 
KDinenc. to eseurc you hnw much 1 am. end 
ner vill be, my liatratt Clare, 

" Your traiy attuched and sincere 

" Btbon." 

Cetrndenng himself hound to replace the 
OOfnes of his work which hi: hiul withdrawn, 
M vdl as to re«;ue the general churucter of 
the Tolame from the sti^a this one offender 
■1^ bring u|inn it, he set iiiKUuitly ntioiit 
B Tntrinr a secoad edition for the pre^s. and, 
■nog till' en^tiiiifi: »ix wcekn, continued 
Innb oceiipied with hts task. In the be- 
finmg of JanuiiTb- wc find him forwarding 
t oopy to his (Hend, I)r. Fignt, in Edln> 

Lama 9. 


" SouthvdI. Jul. II tWT. 

" I ou^it to begin with tuttdry apolodes, 
fiir my own negligence, but the varintj- ut my 
•Yocatioai in ttrotc and vmt muKt plead mv 
excuKc. Witn this epistle you will receive 
a volume of all my Jurcnilia, puhUshnl itince 
yo*ir depumire .- it is of considerably greater 
me than ihe n^ in your possession, which 
I beg you will destroy, as the present i.s much 
Biore complete. That unltidty |>oem to my 
poor Blary' has been the cause of some 
anlraadvtnion from latUtu in yearx. I liBTe 
Dot printed it in thl<t collection, in conse- 
atwnce of toy being pronounced a most p-o- 
figate arnnrr, in Miurt, a ' yvani< Mimn;' by 
, your • • • friend. I biiUeve, 
in gescnU, they have been favourably re- 
omm. and surely the age of their author 
■ill predode tepcre criticism. The odvcn- 
tnnoi nf my life from sixteen to nineteen, awl 
Ifae dtadpoiion into which I have been 
tbrmm in London, have given n votiiptiioun 
"* tay ideao ; but the tM-casiims which 

forth my mu»c could hardly admit 
< other coloiirinir. This volume Is tiiMt/if 
and miraculously chaste. Apro(>os, 
of love. ••*#•••• 
you can Hnd leisiu'c to answer this 
CnWD of unconnected nonsense, yoti nerd 
iol doubt what gratification will accrue 
from your reply to yours ever," &c. 

■ or lUi * Mw7." wbn It oat lo be fvnfoaadnd alUicr 
Mb Uw Mtcm of AbmmWjf, or " Huy" of Abrrdcen. 
ai I cm rtMd k. tlul itm mi of a humbi*. If not nfvi- 
•«1L AaiiB fn life,— Iba «bp b*>l Innx. 1i|bl rnhlrn 
Mr, wl whtrb be nad to tbov > tnck. w veil u brr 
l^ttam. BkHtc hi* MmmU i ud Uma Uw ven«i In hit 


To Kis >-oiing iHend, Mr. William Bankea, 
who hod met casually with a copy of the 
work, Hnd wrote him a letter conveying hia 
Dpuiiou of it, be returned the following 

answer; — 

LrrrulO. TO UB. WlU.lAM DANKI^S. 

" Soiitbirril, Uvcb 6. laOT. 
" Dear Bankes, 

" Your cririquc is valuable for many 
rpjutons : in the first place, it is thp nnly one 
in which flattcrj- has borne so uliyht a part i 
in the urst, I am cloi/rd with insipid com- 
plimentB. I have u tetter opinion of vour 
judgment and ability ttion your fi-elitigt. 
Accept my most wncere thanks for your 
kind decision, not Icsn welcome, because 
totally unexpected. With regard to a more 
exact estimate, I need not remind you hew 
few of the 6"/ pacwu. In our language, will 
stand the lest of trtinute or vcrfyii criticbsm : 
it can, therefore, hardly be expected the ef- 
fusion!; of a boy (and most of these nieces 
have been prouuL-cd at an curly puriuu) can 
derive much merit cither froni "the subject or 
conipiisitiun. Many ipf them were written 
under gre:it depression of spirits, and during 
severe indisposition: — hence the gU>i>my 
turti of the ideas. We coincide in opinion 
that the 'ixjexiri erotiqucs' arc the most ex- 
ceptionable ; ihcy were, however, grotcful to 
the dcitir.r, on whoNi; altarn they wereoffia-ed 
— more I seek not. 

" The fwrtniit of Pomposiis* was drawn 
at Hiirro>A', aAer a hiu; nUin'^ ; this accounts 
fur the reseniblancc, or mthcr the ajnmtura. 
He is t/our fricTid, he Hmrr utm vi'vif — for 
both uiir sokes I Ahall l>c ulent on this licod. 
The coUcgiaie rhymes ■■ are oot personal — one 
of the notes may ap|}eHr ho. but could not he 
omitted. I have little doubt they will Ix; 
deservedly- abused — a just punish'mcnt for 
mv unfihal treatment of so excellent an 
Alma Mater. I\t you no oopv. lest uv 
should be placed in the situation n^ Gil B/at 
and the Archbuhofi of (Jrenuda ; though 
running some hnzaid from the experiment, I 
wished your rrrdiet to be iinbiahsed. Had 
uiy ' Lilx-lliui' been presented previous to 
3i)ur letter, it would have appeared a species 
of bribe to purchase compliment. I (i^cl no 
hesitation in suying, 1 wus uiure nnxJous to 
hear your criliiiue, however severe, than the 
praises ofthc miMon. On the some day I was 

*• Haan at Uimrtw," rndilnl " ToM«ry, m nrHrlnit 
b«r liclurc," weic aildrcuc4 to Iter. [Sm Wotki. 
p WJ 

> (5iM- Wofk*. p.-UM.] 

' I" Thtnij^hii lUfiMtcd tf ■ CoU*8* Euualiiallan-" 
~ Sm Wvriu, |>. S970 






honoured vith the cncnmnims of Sfarienxu', 
the celebrated author of the * Man of 
Fctling." I Whether Aw approbation or _j«>Mr^ 
elatctl mc moNt, 1 cannot decide. 

" You will revtive tay JttCfnUia, — at least 
all yet piiblishwi. I have a large volume in 
manusiTi|it. which may in jwrt a])|Hair hcrc- 
aRcr ; at prcacnt I Imve neither time our in- 
clination to prepare it for the press. In the 
itpring ! bIiuII retnm to Trinity, to disntantlc 
niy rooms and bid you n linal adieu. The 
Cani will not be much increased by my tear* 
on the occasion. Your furthiT remarks. 
however cautUc or bitter, to a [lululevitiiilud 
witli l\\c twccU nf adulatiott,yi!\\\ be of service. 
Johnson has nhowii its that uo jnteirti i-i 
perfect ; but to correct mine woald be an 
Herculeaa lalwur. In fact I never looked 
hevond the nio3Tient tif comiKMJtion. and puH. 
lishcd merely at the request of my friends. 
Notwithstanding so mucli has been said coii- 
ceniing the * Gemu irritabilc vatuin,' wl- .sbidl 
never quarrel on the subject — poetic fame is 
by no means the 'acme* of my wishes. — 
Adieu. Youn ever, 

• BrmoN." 

This letter was followed by nnothi^r, on 
the tmmc subject, to Mr. Bonies, of \iluch, 
unluckily, only the annexed frapnerit rs- 
luains : — 

• • • « • « 

" For my own part, I have suffered se- 
verely in the defense of my two jirfntest 
frieiiilH, the only beings I ever loved (teiuuJex 
excepted) ; I am therefore a solitary nntmal, 
miserable enough, and so perfectly a citizen 
of the world, that whether I pass my days in 
Great Urituin or Kajn-ochatiui, is to me a 
matter of perfect indifference. I rannot 
evince greater respect for your alleration 
than by immediately ailopting it — this shall 
be done in the next edition. I am sorry 
your rcmHrk>f arc not more frequent, n-t I lun 
certain they would he cfitially beneficial. 
Since my last. I have received two rrirJcal 
opinions from Rdinbursh. both too flattering 
for me to detail. One is from Lmrd Wood- 
houselee', at the head of the Scotch literati, 
and H most nAumnma writer (his work 
is a Life of I^jrd Kainies) ; the other from 
Marki-nxte, who sent bis decision a sccnnd 
time, more at leiipth. I am not personally 
acquainted with cilJier of these ^ntlemeii. 
nor ever requested their sentiinentN on the 
sutyect : their praise is voluntary, and tran;*- 

1 [Hr. Mick»ntla died Id imaar} 1S3I. at tbc ail. 
Wtccd neetrf rUlilf-ilx ] 

■ [Aleuuidn Fruor Trtlrr, Tyint WmxIliouM^lM. ono 
of tlieSvnalonorUifCaltegvoI Ju>llc«ln ScoIIajk). Dc 
lidnUM! Lifeof Kaimin, hc|iul)llili*d'' ElmwuttRr 

ffltitud through the roo«liuin of a friend, at 
whose house they rend the productioua, 

" C-ontrarv to my former intention, 1 am 
now preparing a volume for the public U 
large : my amatory pieces will kie exchaneed, 
and others substituted in their place. ITie 
whole will lie eonndunibly enlat^ed, and 
appear tJie hitter end of Slay. This is a 
hazanloiis experiment ; but want of better 
employment, ti)c cncourugemcnt I have met 
with, and my own vunity, ind\ice me to stand 
the test, though not nithout lundrg pafjjt' 
taiamt. The book will circulate fast enoi^fh 
ui thiii cuuntrj, Irum mere curiosity, what I 

j>rin " ' 

• • * • • 

The foliowtni; modest letter accompanied 
a copy which he presented to Btr. Falkner, 
hi"f motlier's landlord ; — 



" The volume of little pieces which ac- 
comjKinies this, would have been presented 
before, had 1 not been apprcheusive ihit 
Mi^s Falkners iiKli?<poiiiition might render 
such trifles unwelcome. Thcrt: are mmdc 
errors of the printer which I have tiot bid 
time to corr«-t in the colli-ction : you haveit 
thus, with 'all it.s imperfections on its hnd,' 
8 heavy weisht, when joined with the faults 
of its author. Such ' Ju\'enilia.' as thev con 
claim no great de};;ree of appruI>atioa. i nuy 
venture to hope, will also escape tbe severity 
of uncalled lur, though perhaps not tmdc- 
served, critidsm. ' 

" They were written on many and various 
occasions, and an-, now published merely lor 
the perusal of u friendly circle. Bcticrc mc, 
sir. if they alTord the slightest amusement 
to Yourself and the rest of my todai readerg^ 
I Miall have gathered all the bapt I ever wish 
to adorn the head of yours, very truly, 

" Byron. 

" P.S. — I hope Miss F. in in a state of 

Notwithstanding; this unambitious declar- 
ation of the vounj; author, he tind that within 
which would not suffer him to rest so easily ; 
and the fiime he hail now reaped within' a 
limited circle tniidc him hut more eager to 
tri,' his chance on a wider Aeld. The 
hundred copies of which this edition con- 
sifiteil were hardly out of his hands, when 

Onvril lllitDir." " Eiur on Ibe PrtadplM of Trm^ 
lul!>n."4c He<IMUilBl3. lilt >- Unlinul IIM0T7,*' 
la its ToJf., WfpmnA In ISM.] 

* ll«n (be ImpcrffCt ibept Htds. 



activity be went to press a^n, 
hii fint publislicd volume, '• The 
: of IJIeneas," mnde ita n{i]M-nnini'e. 
pew p«eca which he hud wnttcn in 
lUrim were atUlt^I, and no les?<' than 
f of tliosc contuinrtl in tlu- foniiiT 
e ORiilted ; — 'for what ruoson docs not 
rlewlv ayjK&r. as they are, most of 
■ agt ml, u not nipenor, to tiiosi- re- 

^P of the pieces, reprinted in the 
n of IdttnicMt," there lire ftome alter- 

aad aiidiiioiu, which, lu fur as they 
e supposed to spriug trotii the known 
p of the poet rvhrieclhij; birth, are 
a. Tliis potmi, which is entitled 
Bph on a Friend ',' appears, (rom the 

am about to givu, to luve been, in it4 
d state, inteodetl to conunemonitc the 

of ifae same lowly-l>oni youth, to 

•onK ■fltictionatc verses, citcxl in a 
laiff psgc. were addressed : — 
|h low tlQr lot, atDc* to ■ cottagi boni, 
m 4U Ibr bumblt MDM adorn ; 
X, lu imnr »u tbf mtlmt lovi 

. in the nlleivd form of the epitaph, not 
hU (waiOgc but evcf}' other containiri'iL; 
lunon to the tow rutik o( his youiig 
luiion, ifl omitted -, while, in the added 
the inlnMluctiuii of such language us 

rhu, UKMfli Ihj fife laau-nt hit UMag Hw," 

calculated to pvc an idea of the 
't iCttian in life, wholly ditferent from 
rhicfa the whtJe tenour of the originnl 
lb vaminiK. The other pueui, Um, 
ave nicficiotwd, addressed evidently 
txiVi and apetiking in similar 
l-the " lownesh" of hU " lot," is. in 
I of Idtcnesa." altogetlicr ouiicied. 
■ grew more conscious of his hijjh 
n, as he approuriie*! to mnnhon^I, is not 
bable ; and this wUh to sink hiif t-arly 
ihip with the younf* cottaj>er may have 
I ntbult of thut rL-clin<:. 
Ibis riuta to SSouthwell wen.% nfter this 
I, but few and tranMent, I shull tiUcc 
taMBt op|x>rtunity of mentinnin^ Kuch 
ikneoiM particulars respecting his hntiits 
lodo of hfe, while there, as I hare been 
eollef t. 

Migfa M> remarkably &hy, when he fir^t 
to Skmthwell, this reserve, as he grew 
acfjuaiiited with the yoiin^ people of 
ace, wore off ; till, at Icni^i, he became 
ncnter of their a.s.fcenililics and dinner- 
it, and even felt tnnrtificd if he heard 
IMIt to whicli he wa:» not invited. His 
1^ howcTcr, at new faces still cun- 

I [SwWorli.p.3n.] 

tinued ; and if. while at Mrs. R|rot*a, he saw 
Btriinpcri! upproachinK the house, he would 
instantly jump out of the window to avoid 
thera. Thin natural shyness concurred with 
no Nmall ilepret! of pride to keep him aloof 
from tlu^ impininTHnec of the gentlenicn in 
the neijihbourhood, whose \\s'us. in more 
thrill one instance, he lell um-etumed ; — 
some under the pba that their liuiieN had 
not mited hi.s mother ; others, because tliey 
had neglectctl to pjiy him this compliment 
sooner, 'llic true reason, however, o{ the 
haughty distance, at which, l>oLti now and 
afterward », he ntood apart from his more 
opulent ticighbouni, h to he tbund in his 
mortifying consciousness of the; inadet]iiiwy 
of his own ineumt to hia rank, nnd tJie proud 
dread of being mmic to feel thli inferiority 
by persons to whom, in cver\' otlier respect, 
Ik; fcncw himself superior, llis friend, Mr. 
BcL'her, friTiinently expostulated with him 
on this unsociublencsx ; and to hiji remon- 
strances, on one occasion. Lord B}Ton re- 
turned a poeticii! answer, tui remarkHblv 
prehguring the splendid burst, with whicli 
Itis own volcanic fienins opened upon the 
world, that as the vnhuiie containing the 
vprscs is in very few liund», I cntmot resist 
tlie temptation of giving a li:w extracts 
here : — 

" Dpm Bpctwr.ymKplI m^tnrnli oKIi monUnd,— 
I unncA ilcnf luch a prpcppi 1< witc ; 
But rrtln-niitit orrtvnU with the Inoc ofnij mlBd, 
And I trUI not dMcend to 4 world I iktpiMr. 

" DM tlic Seiutc or Camp my cscttlaiu Nquir«. 
Ambttion night proupt nw U onoe to (p> fart]) | 
And, wh«a Inftmc/'* jroin of probsHon expire, 
Pi-TrhAnrp, I inajr ttiltrr ti> dliUngnl»h my btilh. 

" Ttrjfrf, m the caaent tif Ailma {vmuaTJ, 
tllttl mmmtlet vnMt/n n* ttt **er<t rrmt / -^ 
At UttfitH, tn a rotumf ttrffie rfrtaU4. 
Xa lorretU tmtt ifttencli li. M btMtidt cm* tfprtu. 

•' OlUlMU, the 4eiir< fm twf htmrnt for farKt 

Btdt mf It** but la hope /or PaaUrttff't ftaiar! 
Cauiii I lour, trilA the j'htrmti, on fttttiimi tffiame, 
H'i'lA him I trauU wuh to t-tptrt tm the bbt^r. 

" For thu li(n of a Foi, of a Chothani itifi d«Hh, 

WUatcmnire, what dADjtrr.wliitwo* would IbrxraT 

TliHr flofj iUumlDM the gloom of thvftmTc |"> 

In his hours of rising nnd retiring to rest 
he was hl^c hi.s mother, alwnys vcrv late ; 
and this habit he never altered dumig the 
rcnmtiider of his hfc. The nicht, too, was 
at this period, as it continued aftenj-ords, 
his favourite time for composition ;. and his 
firxt visit in the morning was gcncmlly paid 
to the fair friend who acted as hi.s umai- 
imenstK, nrd to whom he thtm gave whatever 
uew products of his brain the (ireceding nigjit 

• [8ce Wort*, p. 410.1 




migbt have tns)i)rL'(I. Hi^ next visit was 
usuullv lo his fiienJ Sir Becher'5, and from 
thence to one or two other houses on tlm 
(irccii, aftt-r which the rest of tht day was 
devoted to hia fiivourite exercises. The 
ei'enin^ he iisubIIv nasscil with tlic mum; 
TiunUy, among whom be began his mominjc, 
either in cQuventiuion. or in hvarinj; Mins 
Hgot play upon the piiino-Tdrle, nnd siiunnc 
over with her a certain set of songs whlcu 
he sdiiiired '.—among which the " MiuM 
of Lodi," (with the words. " My heart with 
love is benlin^,") nnd " Wlien Time who 
iteaifi our vears awuy," were, it sceiu^, hitt 
partictilar ^uvourites. He appears, indeed, 
to have, crcn thu« early, idiown a derided 
tame for that sort of regnUur routine of Ule, 
— bringing round the same oLcupiuioiis at 
the sUttcd periods, — which fonned so nnich 
the nNtcm <if hin existence during the greater 
port of his residence abroad. 

Those exercises, to which he flew for dis- 
traction In le!is happ}' dny^, funned his ct^ 
joyiQcot now ; and between Bwliuining, 
Bpnrrin/j, firinj; at a mark, and riiUng -. llie 
greater [liirt of \m time wus [KLs^ed. In the 
laac of these accotuplishinenttf he was by 
no tneuiu very e\[>ert. An an instance of 
his little knowledge of horses, it is told. tJiat, 
seeinp a oflir nne day pa^-* hit* window, he 
exclttlBueit, " What beautifitl horses ! I shnuhl 
like to buy them." — " Why, they are vour 
own, niy Lord," said his servant. Tliosc 
who ktifw him, indewi, at llmt period, were 
ratht:r .•*urj>risi;d, iti idlLT-lUc, to hear so mueh 
of his ridine ; — and the truth is, I am in- 
clined to tiiiiik, that he wu^ at tic time a 
very adroit horseman. 

In swimniini; and diving we have already 
seen, by his own uctuiintx, he excelled ; and 
a lady in Southwell, among other precious 
relics of him, j>oflsej4«e3 a tnimhle which he 
borrowed of her one morning, whea on Iii.-* 
way to batlie in the Greet, and which, as 
was testified by hcT brothiT. who aceom- 
poaicd him, he brought up thrn^ times sue. 
oesaivcly from the bottom of the river. His 
practice of firing at a mark was the occasion, 
once, of feonie alarm to a very Iwautifiil 
young person. Miss Hoiison, — one of that 
numeruuii list of fair ones by whom his 
iuugiimtiun wa-s dazzled while at Southwell. 

I Thnugh alwari t-mA ortntulc, he bid *erj- )lltl«>ULl 
In ttiD perfortniQCi Of 11- " It li r^rj add." be uld. oim- 
dMf, Iq tfali Ui^r, — " I ilnjr much hcttor to fnor pUj^Uif 
thu) la uiyanit e[ie'i."_" Tltu i>." iho uiswornl. " tw- 
cnuMi 1 plitf tn r"Uf fli^fr'itl'" — I" whirh tew wonli, bjr 
the w»j. tha «hnl« lorirt -nf a lUlful .ircumpAnliT hi>f . 

' CrIckHlnii, tnfi. mm ant of hM iniikt r.ivourllv *[)(nti ; 
Ud It wu wondfTfjl, cotuidcfiDit hii lAro«»-«4, Kftli 
what ip^cd he cnulil mn. " lAnl HjrriKI tMji Mlu 
FI|ot, In a leiter, to her brotbor, tnia 8autfa»ell) b juti 

A poem rclatinc to this occurrence, whidi 
may be found ui hijt unpublished -rolumc, 
ia ihiu introduced : — " As the author wti 
dischni^ng his pistolf) in a ganlen, two ladies, 
piUKing Clear tlie spot, wen; nlanned by the 
aound of n bullet hiaidng uetir theiu, lu one of 
whom the fit>lluwing htanniswere addresBcd 
the next uiorning."^ 

Such a passion, indeed, had he Tor anu 
of every discription. thai there generally Ut 
a small sword by the side of his \ied, wltb 
which be useil to amu^e himself, aa he Uy 
awake in the morning, by thnmring it tlirougp 
his bedJjangings. The person who pui^ 
chased this bed at the sale of Mr8.B}ron*i 
furailure. on her removal to Newstead, give 
out— «ith the view of attaching a stronger 
iiitereMi to the holes in the eurtuins — t^ 
they were pierced by the same sword with 
which the old lord liad killed Mr. (.'hawonh, 
and which )iis descendant always kept a* a 
memorial )»y his bedxide. 8uch is the ready 
process by which fiction is ot\en engrafted 
\i\Ktii fact; — the sword in qucKtion being » 
most iimocent and bloodless weapon, wfaicb 
Lord Syron, during liis TtRits at Southwdl, 
used to iMirrow ol'onc of his ncighboura. 

His fondness fur dogs — another faiify 
which accompanied him through life — idbt 
be judged frtmi the anecdotes idrcady givM, 
in the at^count of hi^ expedition to I'ltuTov* 
gate. Uf his tiivourite dog Boatswain, whoB 
he has immortalised in verse \ and by whoM 
side it waA once his solemn par[)o*e tote 
bitric<[, some traits arc told, indicative, OOI 
only of intelligence, but of a gencrwsity of 
spirit, winch might well win for him the rf- 
fcctions of such a luattter aei Byron. One of 
these I shall endeavour to relate ajt neariy 
as possible as it was told to me. Mrs. Bvnin 
had a fox-terrii-r, called Gilpin, with wlion 
her son's dog. Boat-swain, wn-s |)erpctua]lT at 
war^. taking tn-vry opportunity of attacking 
and worrying him ho violently, that it irts 
very umcli apprehended he would kill the 
aiiimul. Mrw. Byron therefore sent off h«r 
terrier to a tennni at Newstead ; and 00 
the departure of Lord Byron for C'-ambridge, 
his "triem!" Boatswain, with two other 
(logs, was intrusted to the care of a Bcrvant 
till hi.s return. One morning the servsnt 
was ninth alarmed by the disappearance of 

S<mt put the vlodow Nitb hU bU oa ttU iHocdikrW 
crickrt. irhlrh lin li nt fntul oFm ev«r." 

> CSvD Workj, |i. MS.] 
* [Ih. 

> In oTio nr MUt Plfot'* iMMt, Us* tollowlns nOtlMOf 
thp*n riinln>n fcuili nccun: — " Boatia-aln bu btd n* 
>i(h«r ImuIv «<lih TI;i|Mo u thp ElouiDof Corrcftlmi, and 
caiTK uff •,'oui)iii>rnr. I<atd 11. btoucbt Bo'»od to o'B 
wlndon ihu moniltiE. vht^n Cllpin, wbo UalmMl ilwir* 
hare, fM Into an atnulnit ftirjr «rlUi him." 




Boccswaii), &J\d Uiroughoiit thcvrholc of the 
^V tic coultj hear iio tiUing.s of him. At 
tut. towards eveniii*;, thi* stray Uoi; arrived. 
•ccompantrd )>_v Oilpin, whuiii ht- htl itniiio 
dbtdf en tbc kitchen fire, licking; him and 
iiTBhing tipon hiiti every |Kiui)>lr ctenuiii- 
tlnuiun of joy. The tiict waw, ht- hiwl heen 
ftJI the way to Ncwstemi to fctrh him ; nntl 
: now e«tablishe<J hts funnix foe iiikIlt 
: ooce more, acreed so iKrrfecity wc4l 
^1111 liiii! cTcr nftcr, that he even protected 
him o^ia^t the insultt ofothiT do^n (m tailc 
vhtdi the quarTi;lM)Uivrli'.>u ofttif little tcrriLT 
fcaderbii do atDccurc). and, if he- but heard 
03p«n'.<t Totce in dittrcsK, would fly irutiintly 
!»■■■ rescue. 

In adilition to the natural tendency to 
■y cn ti tion. wfaich is osuolly found con- 
nrirtcxl witti the [HKrlirid ti-injicranicitt. Lord 
Btnm had aUo the exuuple and inHvience 
othis mother, acttnc; u|>on liini frotn infaniy, 
tu give hn mind ihiti tingt\ Ht-r implicit 
bdicf in the wooden of second ^iglit, and 
' the nmnge tales she told of thi^ iiiysteriouii 
faoilty, used to a-Muniih not a tilth; hiT 
' tobrr RaghA frictub ; and it will be seen, 
j tllac, at ao late a period as thi> denth nf hi*i 
6iead SheUey, the idt-a of letches luitl fore- 
' nrtaa^ inprewed upon hiin by his mother 
hid not wboDy lost poMCMion of the pod's 
mind. As *D tn^uncc of a more playful sort 
of stmentilicMi I iiiuy l>c allowed tu mention 
'• aslistit ciri-itui stance told me of him bv one 
|l of hh Southwell &iend9, This lady fiad a 
I Ime agBle bend with n wire throu^'h it, 
; which ud been Utkcu out of u barrow, and 
b* ■IwHjri in her work-box. Lord Byron 
I, wtiiij* ooe day wh&t it was, she told him 
' ifa«i It had beco given her as an umtiLet. and 
(he rhoTRi wns. thut as long as »\\l' hud thi)« 
hnd in hir itansOMion, nhe Khouhl never he 
h \ave, " Then give it to me," he cried, 
tapHy, " for thatn jiist the tiling I want." 
Toe yoang lady retiif^ed ; — but it was not 
bB|;br{brt; the bead liisappcarcil. She tnxcd 
"*" with the thefr. und he owned it ; but miid, 
never should sec Iut ntnulct again. 
|0f hu chiirity and kliid-hconedncss he 
bchiiiiJ hiin at Southwell — as, indeed, 
place, throughout life, where he 
any time — the njo«t cordial rccnl- 
" lie never," lays a pen«»n, who 
bMv him ictiniatcly at tiiii period. " tnct 
vith otQccta of distress without afTordini; 
iboD ■uccour." Amonf! many liltle truit.i 
ifeia naturr. which biii friends delight to 
I adect the following, — less as a proof 
' his eencfosiTv. than from the interest 
' riiplclncidcnt it.<ielC •* connected 

^iiic of Uyron, presents. While 
Jet • schuoUboy. hv happened lo be in n 

bookseller's shop at Soulbwell. when a poor 
woman came in to purchase n liiblc. The 
pri'C'c, ^he wiu told by the iJinpnuin, was 
cit;ht sliilling>. " Ah. dear sir," alic ex- 
claimed, " I cannot piiy sxidi a price : I did 
Milt think il would cuMt half the money." 
The woman was then, with a look of dts- 
apjjointnient, going away. — whtn young 
liyron called hi-r back, and made her a 
present of the Bible. - — 

In hi« attention to his person and drew, 
to the becoming; arrdngeuiciit of his hair, 
and to whatever might be^t bhow oil' the 
lieautv with which nature had ^fted him. he 
manilested, even thuH early, hm anxiety to 
mukc himself pleasing tu that sex who were, 
from firrt to Ia«, the nilin^ stars of liis des- 
tiny. The fear of becoming, whnt he was 
naturally inclined to be, enormutuly fat, hnd 
induced him, from hif« fir^t entrance at Cam- 
l^ridge, to miopt, for the piirpoite of reducing 
hininelf, a system of violent excTcisc and 
abstinence, together with the frequent use 
of warm baths. Rut the embittering cir- 
cumsinnce of hiit life, — that, which haunted 
him like a curse, nmidi^t the buoyancv of 
youth, and the antii'tpntiors of fiime and 
pleasure, was, Btrange to oav, the trifling 
deformity of his foot. By that one shght 
bleiiilih (ait in hi^ moments nf melancholy 
he persuaded himiielf) nil the blessings that 
nature had showered upon him were conn- 
tcri>fllanccd. Hw reverend friend. Mr. 
Becher, Buding him one day unn«uHl1v de- 
jected, endeavoured lo chl^er utid ruufte hint, 
l>v rcprcMTiting, in their brightest eoloun, 
all the varitjuH aiIvantH:n'» Hith which \*r9- 
Tidence had endowed him, — and, among the 
(:ri-aicst, that of " a mind which placed htm 
almve the rest of mankind." — " Ah, my dear 
friend." said Bvron, nioiinifiillv, — "If Ukit 
(laying hit hiinJ on his liireheatl) places me 
above the rext of maidiiiid, thai (pointing to 
his toot) places nic fiu". for below them." 

It Hometimes, indeeil, 5eemc<l ati if hts 
fien»it)vcniCS9 en thi^ point le*! him to fancy 
that he wba the only person in the world 
aiHicled with Mich an infimiity. When that 
lu'compli^ied scholar and traveller, Mr. I). 
BaiUic', who wDs at the smne school uilh 
him at Aberdeen, met him aflcrwardff at 
Cambridge, the ,vonn^ jK'er liu<l then grown 
so fat Uiat. though acco^tcd by him familiarly 
as hi-i school-ftilow. it was not till he men- 
tioned his name that Mr. Baillic could rt>- 
cognisc hint. *' It is odd enough, too, that 
you Khouldn't know me," Kiid Byron — " I 
ihuught nature had net such a mark upon 
me. tliat I could never be forgot." 





But. while thU defect wa* *uch a source 
pr [iiartirikiition to hb spirit, it wua also, uiul 
in aJi equal (lef;r»;. ptrhaiis. a stiniulu.t : ~- 
aiiJ more e-^pccially in whiilcvcr dt'pended 
ii[X)n personal prowess or attractiveneas, he 
seemed to feel hittwcif nitpicd hv this utigma, 
whirl* nature, as he (nought, had set iipoii 
him, to ilisiingiiish himself above those whom 
she hiwl enrlowed with her more " fiiir pro- 
portion." Ill piLTsitit-s of gallantry he was, 
I have no doubt, a good dcnl octiinted by 
this incentive ; and the hope of a.HtnnLshin» 
the world, at Miiiie future period, as u chief"- 
tain and hero, mingleil little less with his 
young drciuns thiin the pronpeit of n potf;* 
glorj'. " [ will, aomc day or other," he used 
10 say, when a boy, " raise a troop, — the 
men of which shall be dressed in black, and 
ride on black horseii. They sliall be i-hIIliI 
* Byroo's Blacks,' and vou will hear of their 
peifonmng nrodipcH of valour." 

I liavc iilready adverted to the exceeding 
eagerness withi wliich. while at Harrow, he 
devoured nil Mirts of Ipaminf^, — enrentinf; 
only that vhich, by the regimen oi the 
school, wnn prpsfribeil for hini. Tln^ Knme 
rapiil ani] innltifurimiK course of studv he 
pursued during the holidays ; and, in ortler 
to deihict ii)< little as poMtihle from his honrn 
of exerciiie, he had fC'ven hiin»clf the habit, 
while (It home, of rcadine all dinner-time. ' 
In a mind so versatile as hie, ever)' novchy. 
whether serious or tiiiht, whether lofty or 
liidicrcHifi, found a welLome and an echo -, 
and I ean easily conceive the glee — as a 
friead of lvi« once deacrilicil it to mc — with 
which he brought to her, one evtninjj, a 
copy of Mother Goose's Tales, which lieliatl 
boii^lit frum a hawker that murning, and 
read, for the firat time, whit's he dined. 


1807— 1B08. 

CAHnnincK. — mrmoranda op rradtngk. 

OAK." — 'VEB5BS TO MY «ON.' — * pnAVBR 


RESPONDENCE. — iil:[.'<;kss ok the I'OENit. 


I " It WW the cmtom of Buni ," ujs Kt. LocUurt, io 
Ui Lire of that poM. " to rc«il at tibia." 

• [" Frw yauHK iivrB ui Cdlep, Mr. NcMire think*, had 
read m nuth -. we Uiink mi tno : wr mnj mohr largr de- 
dudlooi ttom It, and t*Ul cltlnk to. There U, howrf or, 


P*TIO?*8 OP 1.0[ll>ON Aim ClMBRIDfie. — 

I SMALL now give, from n memornndum-lxKik 
bcsun by him thi-t year, the account, a» I 
find it hastily and promiscuously scribbled 
out, of all the bookri in variouA departnicnti 
of knowledge, which he had already peni.wd 
at a period of life when few of hU school- 
fellows had yet travelled beyoiMl their lonst 
und nhortt. The list is. u^^uc^tionahlv. a 
remarkable one ; — and when we recoBect 
that ihc Tuailcrr of all these volumes was, u 
the same time, the posswtior of a most re^ 
tentive nieinorj-. it may be dotibteil whethw, 
among what are called the rt-gulurly educated, 
the contcnilers for scholnsrie honoiu^ and 
[wizes, there could be found a .linjilc one 
who, at the same aitc has poti.'^essed any thing 
like the same stock of useful knowledge. 


" Ifutifiy of Enf'httti, — Htune, Rflptu, 
Henry, Suioilet, Tindal, Belsham, BisMt, 
Adolphiis, HoUnshed, Froissart's (.'hronidcs 
(belonpinf; properly to France). 

" ScMlUtut. — Buchanan, Hector Boethius, 
both in the Latin. 

" Ireland. — Gordon. 

" Rome. — Hooke. Decline anJ Fall bt 
Gibbon, Ancient Histoni' by Rollin (in* 
chidinic an account of the Curthajgiiuana, 
fitc), besides Livy, Tacitufi, EutrofHus, Cor- 
nelius Nepos, .lulius CiEsar, Arrtan, Sallust. 

" (ireftf. — Milforifs (ireece, Lelantl'i 
Philip, Plutarch, Potter's Antiqiiilics, Xfr 
nophon, Thurydides, Herodotus. 

" Ii'ra»4Ce. — Mczeraj , Voltaire. 

" Saaiti. — I chiefly derived my knowledge 
of oUI S[)ani^h Hi«torv from a book callM 
the Atlas, now ob«o!e'te. The nuMlcTn hi^' 
tor)', from the intrigues of Allicroiu down to 
the i*rince of Peace, 1 learned from its eoa- 
neclion with European politics. 

" Pmitiffol. — From Vcrtol ; as also hili 
account of the 8iej;e of Rhwies, — though 
the ta,st is his own iuvtiition. the real fact* 
being totally diilercnt.— So much fur lib 
Knights of Maltn. 

" Tarkry. — I have read KnoUes, Sir Paul 

a wa7 of Koutlog thraueli booki. which tomr pmplo ctO 
rroillQK. ud we are nlnXA miK'h t>\ tbp MUrdlBif heri! vA 
down wnj of Uut d"'*CTlptlon. * Thi- iitilitf of r^vllnc' 
laj* Hume Tookc, ' dvpcntb net on iht iwallow, tnit on 
Uutdlfntlun."*— ft'MfMwH#<rr JI<t., IS30.] 




I, oni! Prince tiinUrinir', besules a 
modcnt l)utor>'. oiiuminoii!*. Of the 
:omiin History I know every event. Irom 
nWgralotti, anil iiftrrwardK t^hiiian I., to 
the peace of Pa*sarowiii, in I71H, — the 
battle of Cutzkn, in ITSO, anil the treaty 
between Kus»>ia iind Tnrkfy in 1790. 

" Akcsm.— Tooke'a Uit of Catherine U., 
Voltdre's Czar Peter. 

•' Sweden. — Voltaire's ChaHes XII,. nUo 
Korberfr's Chartoa XI 1. — in m}' opinion the 
bert of the two." — A translation of Schiller's 
Thirty Vcutb' War. which cctntBins the cx- 
pliMts of 6u!itavu3 AdolphtiH. besides Hartc's 
life of the «amc Prince. ' I have some- 
where, too, rcjwl an account of (tuntavus 
Vmo, the dcUvcTcr o( Sweilen, but do not 
roDember the author's Dame. 

*• Fnuxia. — I have seen, at lei«, twenty 
Lhres of Fretlerick 1 1^ the only prince worth 
reconHntc in Pnissian annals. OilticK. his 
own Works, aiid Thichnult, — none Tery 
Mmnng. l^e last U ptltrj, but drcum- 


" Denmark — I know little of. Of Norway 
I UDdcntand the natural history, but not the 

" Gmnantf. — 1 have read longhirtoricfl of 
the luntfic of Suabia, AVrnce»laiui, and, at 
Icqgth, Ilodolph of Hapsburgh uitU his Mint> 
Ifped Anittnan descendants. 

' Suilzcr/a» J. ^ Ah I Williiim Tell, and 
Ae battle of Morgarteii, where liurgundy 

" ttaiy. — Davila, Ouicciarilini. the Giielphs 
ad nfajbellincs, the haulc nf PavJa. Massa- 
Difllo. the revolutions of Naples. Ac. Are. 

" Hhutotian, — Onnc and ("ambridge. 

"America. — llobcrUon, Andrews' Ame- 
ritmn War. 

''AJiica — merely from travels, as Miin^ 
Ruk^ Bruce. 


" Robertson's Charles V.— Gesar. Sallust 
(Catiline and JngiirihaJ, Lives of MurU 
BOfDUgh and Eugene. Ti-keli, Bonnstrd, 
Bttsnaporte. all the Britiifh Pueis, botli by 
JobnsoQ and Anderson. HjiuHswin's C^n- 
femons. Life of Cromwell, British Plularth, 
filrituh Nepos, rnnipbeU'H Lives of the .\d- 
mnJa, Charles XJL, Czar Peter, Cutlierine 

> P* H* WM u gond • •ntcrvlfii of tiw K>rt 
Aa K>f ramtlon'd (n the hlftnrirt 
or CHttMBir. u( KnaUH, « row Milnc 
Bam SotjouD, Um Rlorj of their Itat." 

£)(M^i>«a, 1(7.] 

* (MMhpra **• * oXi*« ot XiTMlra. HI* l.lfti at 
Clttflci XI1-. wlilcti li ntbrr n cnllrrtloo nf tt$«tui am- 
hfUt. Uua • wdl-illimM iismtlrc, *u pubUihnl Ui 
fT4D, In twA TntunMN InUo.} 

lU Henry Lord Kaimes, Monnontc). Tel|fn- 
nioiJth's Sir Williiiin Junes, Life of Newtnn, 
BeliiHiire, with thousands not to be detailed. 

" L*W. 

" Blackstune, Montesquieu. 

" I*HILO»0I'Ur. 

•* Palcy, Locke, Bacon, Uumc, Berkeley, 
Drutnmond, Bcattic, ami BoUngbroke. 
llobbeb I detest. 


" Siraho. Cellariua, Adams, Pinkcrtoiij 
and Guthrie. 


" All the British ClassicsasbcforcdctaJled, 
with most of the living jkx-Ib, Scott, Southey, 
&c — Some French in the oripiial, of which 
the Cid in tny fiivouritc. — Little Italian. — 
Greek and Latin witliotit number ; — these 
last I «hall give up in future. — I bavetraii*- 
lated a j{oocl deal from both lan|UAges, vase 
aa well ua proxc. 

" ELOm:EN<:K. 

" Dcmosthene.9, Cicero. Quintilimi. She- 
ridan, Austin's Chironomia, and Parlia- 
(iientuT}- Debaten from the RcvoIutioQ to the 
year 1742. 


■■ Blair. PortetiH. Tillotson. Hooker. — all 
^cry tiresome, I abhor btKiks of relipon. 
ihodtjh I rcY'ercnce and love my GchI, with- 
out the blasphemous notion.s of seclarie«. 
or lielief in their absurd and damnable 
heresies, mysteries, and Thlrty-fiine Articles. 

" llISCfn.t.ANIKS. 

"Spectator. Rambler, World, &c. &e.— 
Xoveia by the thousand. 

" All the Umks here enumerated I have 
taken down from memory. I recollect 
readbif; them, and can quote passa^rcs from 
any niciitioneil. I have, of conrw, umitted 
sevCTal in my catuloirue : but the greater 
jHirt of the above I jiltiisciI before the age 
of fifteen. Since I left llnrrow, I have 
bet-ome idle ainl conceited, from scribbling 
rhyme and making love to woatrii- 

"B. — Nov. 30. 1807. 

> tDr. WilUr ilanv ww luior to Lord Cbnterflrid'a 
bUunI uin, Mr. Ktanhopn. Til* Ilictorj of riuturiu 
Adolplitu appem-pd In ir'fl. " U«rt#." ukl Or JuliD^nn. 
■' viu rsemlrclf isln. PiKir nan I h' 1i<ft I.ordon llui 
ctar nf llx* putillcrjulcn of hi* tmofc, lh»t h« nitftM lir oiit 
of lb« »ay nf thi? iprat |irdlM h« »■> to rmive ; uid bo 
mat uhaoDMl to rvlurn, whm ha ftiund l>i>w III hli tniok 
liad HicrordHl^ It vnu ua\uck.j In comlnK <hU on llir 
«aiiin daj slth BAbertMRi'i Ultturj of Scotland."— Am- 
vc«a, vol. vW. p. ».] 





" I have aUo read (to my regret at present) 
above four iKoiiaand iiuvuU, including; tliu 
works tif (.Urnuiitiai, Ftclituig, Stiiullct, 
Richardsoa, Mackenzie, Hteme. RalKlais, 
and ItousMcau, Sm. (ic. The book, in my 
o]iinioii, most useful to a man wlio wishes to 
iicqiiiri' the reputation of hemg well rtiul, 
with the Iwist tnmhle, is " Burton's Anii- 
lomy of Melancholy," (he most amusing and 
instructive mfnllpy of i{Uotatir»i.<t and rIaiiNi>rul 
anet-dole<i I evcr|>cruwd. But a superficial 
reader must take care, or his intricacies wiU 
bewilder him. If, however, he has patience 
to go thmuf^h Ins volumes, he u-ill tic more 
improved for literarj' conversation than by 
the prnuad of any twenty other works with 
whiL'h 1 am ncquaintcd, — at least in the 
English lanf^mge."' 

To this early and extensive study o( En- 
glish writers iriay l>c altriiuitwl timt maRten^ 
over the riiMUirces uf hi^ own languucc with 
vhich Lord B^ron catue furnJKheil into the 
field of literature, and which enabled hiirv, ua 
fast as hisyouthfiilfuncicssprunzup, to clothe 
iheni with a diction worthy of their strength 
and beauty. In general, the difficulty ofyoung 
writers, at their eommeneement, lies far less in 
any lack of tliiniglit.s nr iiiiageK, than in that 
want of a fitting organ to give those concep- 
tions vent, to which their unacfiuointance with 
the great inBtniment of the man of gcnJus, 
hia native language, itooms them. It will 
be found, tiideed, that the tluec mo^t re- 
markalile examples ofeiu'ly authorship, which, 
in their respective linen, the lii«tor)' of ]!• 
teratiire aflords- — Pope, Congreve, and Chat- 
terton — were all of them jjersons sclf-cdti- 
cuted', according to Uleir own uitellectual 

1 [" BurtDD'i * Anmlomy ut Melontbolr' U a r&liuihl* 
woriL It !•• prrliikfi*, ovrrlAoiJMl vith qiKX;i(kuii : tjut 
tiMn If •!?■■( iplril whI ftnni fniwer in what Uiirti>n 
ujrft, »ta«n tM wrltM lYmn hi* oim mind, tt li th« unlj' 
book UiaI ctct look ti:« out uftK*! Itvn hourt »ij<aii«r ttiui 
I «Uti«d to iU«." — JonNiON. SamDCU, rut. iiL p. I3.V, 
mill rl, p, TO,] 

■ ** I took to rrii)lliiKb7mj(i>ir," ujrt Vnji^, " (brwUcfc 
I had a Trrjr grot cnftract* anil rtitbuilaam. I folUnrad 
crery whirc. m mj faiicjr ltd mi*, and vju like a lx>jf 
(tntbninX flcwrn to thr Aeld* and rnodi, jutt ai tlicy M\ 
in hb waf . Thnr five or ilx j'i'an I MM lock upon m 
till! baiiplvrt part of my llfi'." It apj^art, loo. thftt bn 
na* hlmtcir ««Br)> -of the advAritaKi*-* vliii^b tiiU tnt 
twine of ttudy brought witli it: "Mr. Fopo," imjt 
Spenrr. " tlioujclx lilntrlf tbf lattdr. In mnim> mperta 
for not fcariDf had a ninilar uducatlon. He (lu tie nt>- 
wnvil tti pwtlciilat i rrad ortfiliMlly for tlii* *ni>r, 
wbrTMiwcare taught, for to tnauj y^mrt, to rrodonlj 
(ai wordi." 

* Before ChotCBtcni w« twelro ycari olct. he wrote a 
cUabfoc, iD th« Mne nanner u Lord Dfroii, of Hid 
boofctbebadaboMlyrHd.ta tltpciiu»t»cro(t4^rnt;. Of 
Ui«««UMrhl«r*ut(t«rU w«t« bUlory anddlvlrhj. 

* Tho perfect paiiiy w\Ol WtUcb Ui« Gtecks wrote 


wants and tastes, and left, undistmctcd by tbe 
worse than useless pedantries of the schoola, 
to seek, in the pure " well of l£ngU«h unde- 
filed," thoiie treasum of which the) ac- 
cordingly fto Tcrv early and intimate!; 
possessed theraadves.* To the»c three 
mstancca may now be added, virtually, tfant 
of Lord BjTon, who, tliough a diaople of 
the schools, wan, intellectually epenklDg, is 
them, not u/ them, and who, while hii 
comrades were prying curioiuly into the 
graves of dead liuigiiages. Wtook htauelf 
to the frehb, living sourecs of his own , and 
from thence drew those rich, I'aried stores 
of diction, wbich hjive placed his works, fiwm 
tin: age of two-and-twc[]ty upwards, omotv 
the most precious depofiitories of the Ktren"t£ 
and sweetncsi of the Eiigiiah language tbu 
our whole literature bupplics. 

tu the lauie book that contains the abore 
record of bis studies, he hn» writletr out, 
bImi from meamry, a " Liat of the ditlercBt 
poets, dramatic or otherwise, who hire 
diMtiiigiiiMh<.-d their re^iiectiv-c Inngiuigcs bjr 
their [irnduetions.*' After cnmntintting tw 
various poets, both ancient and modem, of 
EurofH', he thitM prtveeeds with hin catttloj^ 
through other quarters of the world : — 

" Aradin. — Midiomet, whoiie Koran ton- 
tatnH most sublime poetical pagimgcs, far 
surpntisirig European poctr^'. 

" Pcjtta. — Ferdontii "•, author of the Sknh 
Nameh, the Persian Iliad — Sadi^.and HaBx, 
the iiiiiuortal Hafiz, tlic oriental Anucreoo. 
The last ts reverencetl beyond anv liard of 
ancient or modem times by the Peraians, who 
resort to hv> tuiub near Shiraz, to eelctirste 
his memory. A splendid copy of bis works 
is chained to hJA momunent. ^ 

thdr oim Unpifige wai, with >»tl», perbapo, uMbaMd 
by lhnnic)T« tn Itwlr entire j^atliKnco (mo Um Mn^ 
bfanjratlKT. " IfthtfybecaDwleanud," Mf* FcrgBMii, 
" It «•* imly by itudjini vhal tiiej Uwnudn* hut ft^ 

> [■ -Ferdouit dl«d ji. D. 1011. He b the Homvfff Ite 
Pvrekiu. and bU v«n» are aa (antilUr araoni llie mlB- 
Ury dsM, u It thctr prMcrrsileD diepuidcd m^nij Bpon 
ncal traifltliM. The praettee o( nidtlaii thtoi lirtoa m- 
gtmlnf; la tuuUc. proTca that he «n]a)i u bifib ■ l^ 
l^iilatioo anMing hit cnuntrynum a* ttu- porU of andSK 
GrM««, or tho bardi of Northern Europe." — Qaaft- 
Br9. »ol. xsttI. p. 56'i ] 

" (SadI wai bam in 5cherai In I1T3, nluraUd at D^ 
nuicua. bikI died at the OfC of 130. Of hl» witrk*. the 
GiilbUn, or Fltnter Gardtn. conilitlng or ihott t*l*«> 
ancirdalM, uid apoloptn, !■ mnkt known to EurofOR 
reader*. A m&ilatlan fata i:nKliili, br Fraixla GUtota, 
lu two voloiDea, 4to. ■pprar«d In ltiCH-9.) 

T [" lUKi !■ tho nplrerul Ctvouilta of the IVll— , 
who vitit hi* tnrnb in portiri. t-o da hnnour la kb n^ 
norr, t)7 nrewtng tlovnt and pouring out lUnthn* of 
the chDln-tt wlDCf. The grfjit Latlii poet hai aald,^ 

' E x«|l moQUiaeDtaio «re pereonioi,' Ac ^m 





" Amrrira. — An cpir port liiw alrraJy 
lUpenft'il in that hemisphere, Barlow, author 
M the ruhiiiibiad, — nnt to he comporvtl 
the Horkft of more uoli^heil nations. ■ 
I, Denmarlk, JVontwy, were &iiKnu 
Skald«. Among these Lod- 
--- onr of the most distinguished. 
1 Son;; te-eaihes ferocious senli- 

--, 1-^! aglonoiu oniJinipusiUonedHtrain 


^ f l imdo tt an n undtHtingtiinhcd hy any 
creBt bard, — at least the Sanscrit ik no 
impedectly known to Europeun^, wc know 
MM what poetical relics may exist. 

" The BirmnH Entpar. - — litre the natives 
m pusiomtcly fond of jwctr)-, hut their 
hinb are ttuknown. 
' Clno. — I aerer heard of any Chinese 
but the Emperor Kien Lonp. nnd hi^ 
i TVo.' What a piiy their jjiiloxnpher 
did not write poetrj; with his 
uf morality ! 

p. — In Africa some of the native 
■re plainttTC. and the wonts simple 
iilg i but whether their rude ^trnms 
can be claned with poetry, as the 
oTtbe bards, the SIoMb of Europe, &c. 
, [ know not. 

ThU briefUst of poets I have written down 
kmmeniory, without any book of reference ; 
lenily wnie errors may occur, but I 
' any, very trivial. The worJi.i of 
. and »oBie of the Asiatic, I 
fanv pcnued, either iit the ori^inul or tnitu- 

Aad HiAi, villi Uw uotui rantUlmre nf fimiiiu, Uiu* 
d*M teMlBC IMBV fot bit work! : — ' Blithely iltig, O 
Ikat i jvu ha** itttand chIm, r<m har« «ininic penU, 
M Hnvca bat cnTlclMMl jtn wuli the crown of iIm 
ItedR.' B* U nmnwilnMbly Iho H<iT>m of thx Cut, 
mt, BaHrfthAnOif tlw dUbnnoe or naUnniL ravincri, 
W l> iku mltmtMl wtHot vkb whov kotIu a Rurop<«n 
■feirfw will iwMC with l9 tncame bmllUr." — Sit inm 

of Ibe ** Colnnblad ** tppaared to IjonAott 

!• Un» BMlud by the e4iabiirgli RvrlBwcTi : 

'. WE w afnM. will not ba tbe HMan at 

i Hd win iw*rr uke Mi (Jbm •many Um 

ritbrrofthcold urufibfliMw vnrtd. A« 

,tbHr want at llfmure Uiolx wcttbrd, 

iBiBMaHtr of thrlr proffmi fa) cltfljuclon, 

ifwof thr •xfijpMlani lu which Ihi^u* 

TbcM Mtnl nvvblkMBt bmr no 

iWattcv h> Ui« GreAt </ Ibr 6ajt vt UatMrr, 

<rf tbn ■«« of Dante i but an ttry miKb 

ai (tai< wMdern In^ra of MMKhntM-. Llrcr- 

Tbajr hava all a Uttla Latin wfatpjMd 

to tb«lT r«iiih i ami read Shaluptmrv. Fop«, 

I. at wcU Bi b^ BnfUth ikm«Ii, in tlicir daft 

and Wmrv. T1i«r are Jiut at likely to 

Ihanlor*, at ih* InlubliaDU of our 

at hone." Vol. ir, ]>. M. Al one time 

«aa a twd-lM nfNiUiean. In IttM, h> pubtithrd 

0( KlBga." sad la ITSa t o w p i j ag j « Mug 

oC Ifca «U Of July, n which ha rrajrt 

latioas. In my list of English I have merely 
mentioned the grentest ; — to eninnerate 
tlie minor [Miets would be luieless. aa well 
OS tedious. Perhaps Gray, Goldsinith, and 
Collins, might have been added, as worthy 
ofnientioti, tn a conitopo&e account. But 
OS for the others, from Chaucer down to 
Chtirchiil, they are 'voces et prretcrea nihil ;' 
— sometimes spoken of, rarely read, and 
ne\'cr with advantaj^. Chaucer, nntwith- 
xtanitinp the praise» be^itowed on him, I 
think obrtccne and contemptible : — he owes 
his celebrity merely to his antiquity, which 
he docs not deserve so well as Pierce Plow- 
man, or ThomaK of Erdldoune. English 
living |>ac(8 I have iivuiJi-d ineiitiouing: — 
we have none who will nut survive their 
productions. Taste i:* over with ui ; and 
another century will Bweep our empire, our 
literature, and onr naiur, from all but a place 
in the nnnat*; of mankind. 

■• November 30. 1HU7. " BvBON." 

Among the papeni of his in my possession 
are f«everul detached poems (in all ne«,Hy six 
hundred Unes}, wluch he wrote about this 
period, but never printed — having produced 
most of thrm after the rMdilicatlon of his 
** Hours of Idleness," Tne greater miiaber 
of the.MJ have little, besides his name, to re- 
touuucnd them ; but there ure a few that, 
from the feelings and circuntstance^s tJiat 
pave rise to ihem, will, I have no doutit, be 
intcTcstinj; to the rentier. 

■* Saw tkt vnUloUae. 
im BtubuHft Ung and qattn 
Hot power iball pro*e." 

la IBII, hawa* appoliitnj minUtrr plmipoltrotUrf to 
t>i« Freiwb ranirl : tnd b«ln|. in thff foJIowiag f«iar. 
InvttM to 4 FunrerMioc wUb the Bniperor Na|)ul«afl al 
Wttoft. he fell a vlntai Eo tb» trrerity of iha cUmal*. and 
died, Drc. 32. In an obanue vltUgv trf Poland, In Um 
nr.lshbvarhood of Cracow,] 

' [KlCT txmg meonn t ei merBluie. hy taltlyatlug it tu 
hit owu prrMtB ; mat toma of Ut poatlcal compD^ltiont 
ara oaoaldand ta potact* IntHntk merit. 1'b? moit rr- 
labntad It tUt " Odo hi I^iOta of drtoklns Tea," which 
WW pabtUMd trtbehnpertal Mlln In ihlnr-lwo dlftitnt 
tnna awl duiadara, and hu been painted on all tha 
tt» pola in tlie ampbc. Tbt fultnwlng nrbal irantlattoo 
li bf Sir John Rarmw ; — " Qn a (low Bra tet a tDpod, 
wtxue colour and texture thow It* loflf u«« ; lUl it with 
clear tnow watrr i boU It aa Ximf at would be Becniar; 
to turn Ibb wbitn. and crajrCth r«d ; throw It gpon tba 
dvUcalt- letBTet of rhoice Ira. In a cijp nf jroc* " (a p«r- 
dcolar ton oT porcdlala) ; " In tt rrmain m long at tba 
rapour rUr* loadaod. and learei onlj- n tbln mitt doalbif 
an the lur&n. Al Tour aaae, drink tblt preclout Uqiur, 
which will rhaiie awaj Umi fl*« eaiMM irf InMblc. Wq 
can taiu and feal, but not dMcrlbe. lb« itaia at rcpow 
pnkduord bjr ■ Ui)*ior that prafarod." — Trmvttt m CI>m«, 
p. IM. In 170A, Kim Long, wbsn hh ratgn had nwdwid 
tit* unutual trno of ttitf jtun, ratlgned tba tbrana ta 
hb too. He died In 1T99.J 







When he first went to Xewrteftd, on his 
arriviU from AlHrdeen, he planted, it neemv 
m young uok iu •onte part of the ^ouoUh, 
•It'll hml an iika that as it Aounibed so 
should fir. Some sU or seren yemn sfter, 
on rurUiting Uie npot, he found hli oak 
choked up by weeds, ami ulmotit destroyed. 
In thi» circunifitiincc, whU-h h»i>(>tmcil wxin 
after Lord (>rcy de Ruthen ieit N'ewsteuU. 
origiaaCed one of these pocm5. which consista 
of five stanzsa, but of whuh thu few opening 
fines will be a Bufficient specimen -. — 

** Tooac Oak. when I plint«4 tittn ilivp tn Ui« Kratmd, 
I bopai Iku (bf daj* wgoM to hxvv Ibkn mliw ; 
Thai tkr dwt-«iTtai taMCkM ««di toMrtdi vMOkd. 
And tif thf trunk wtita Iti maUim Mtaine. 

*' flach. ixKh wu my bo(ie, mtmm. In IbBuict'« jmn, 
OaUMlndtifmybUMn I nai'd the* with prUe i 

"nmran fwt, aad t wMar tby Mm wUb mf Mws. 

Tlv te«, not tiM WMdi thai HfnMHHl (bee MB Mdc. 

** 1 IHt tbee, ■»)' Oak. and ilntfe IImI ftUI hour. 

Aterancw budwalLin UwhAUaf (aj'*'r'<"*V'*c' 

llie subject of the verses that follow ix 
sufiictently explained by the notice which he 
has prdixcd to than ; and, an illuslrative of 
the ruouintic and alntost lovclikc feeling 
which he threw into his Hchoul friendHbips, 
thcv appenrcd to mo, though rather quaint 
aou ebtoonte, to be v-orth preserving. 

" Some yean apo, whrn at Harrow, a 
fnenJ uf thi: autlior cngnivrd on h particular 
spot the oanics o[ both, willi u ibw tulditional 
wordu us a nieuKirial. Afterwards, on re- 
cciiring Mfme real or iuiajjiued iiijiirv, the 
author destroyed the fruil record bciorc he 
left Harrow. On rcviKiiinji the place in 1S07. 
he wrote under it the follo«ing fctanzaii : — 

" llefv once pnpigcd the ttrftnfnr'* vim 

Y<iuai FrMMUMy'* record •bnpir traced ; 
r<-v WMV l»«T <rofd«, — but jnt thMffi Cnr, 
R«*etiliBMit'i hand thr line defaced. 

■* titmfXy ihc rat _ but. luit erued. 
The character* «erv Mil m plain, 
That Prltndahlp mior rMum'd, and itued,— 
Tin MeOHMyhaU'd the »urd< a<alii. 

" RcptntanoDpLaMdthnaaitMrfbtci 
Fotftfeeaw Jola'd lur yeutta naoM ; 
So Ehir th« bwcrfptlon aoaui'd oner more, 
Thai Wiaodahlp thouflit M itlll th* 

** Tliiu nlfht tba racotd bov ba*c brm i 
But. ah. In ayUa of Hofie't eodcanKir. 
Or nimdahip'* imt*. Prida ruih'd tartwMO. 
And htottsd one th« Hiw tor ff*ar 1 " * 

The same romuitic feeling of (neodslu{) 
breathes throughout another of these poems, 
in wbii-h be bajt taken for the subject the 
ingvuiutui thou^t " L'Amitic est I'Amoiir 
htms aileft," and coneltides evay stanza with 
the words, " Friendhhip is Love without bu 
wingd." Of the nine stanzas of which this 
poem consists, the thre« following appear tlw 
most worthy of selection : — 

I [Sm Worfci, p. 308. abortlf after Cnlaoel WUd- 
nan, ttic prMcnt prDprldor of Newataad. took poiacMlon. 
haoDPdaf unl u lh> itrTavt who «aa wlUi hU>, ' Here 
b a Ane foinc oak ; but It iDual b* rut dawn, a* tt ipewa 
toanlHtproperplaDa.*— ' 1 hofM aot. lir.' replied 11m 
■MB ; ' fUr n*i t!u one joj lofd waa w Tond of, bvouUA 
h« iM ll hllRlvlt' Th* Colorit'l hw, of rmir*r, ukm 
eirny poMiblp rare «/ It ; anil II It alrcwtj resularlj a>- 
qolnd anmr hf itranKfri, ai ' Thi BTaoM OiR.'] 

< [9m WoHu, P.U7.I > [lUd- r- «I3.] 

t The only clfaiiiiiUK>oe I .know, that iteaM eree. re- 


" Wliy should ajpaaxlaaal 

Dajr* of dnUsht mmf itUl ha tnla^ 

Atfadlan b not dead. 
la iradag bnck the jamn oTyav^ 
Ova Ann necwd, one laattBf troth, 

Cdwtlal conaahdoM Wma ; 
Sear It. TV brmaca, M tb« aeM. 
Wbaie tat wy heati raipaartri hwt.-. 

■ rH«bh4> b Love wtthout H» wl^p r 

••SeMofmrrnuthl thy dlataat a|dra 

RatnUicach accocof kt; 
H; boaom glowt artlh tonner Srv. — 

In mhid agalB ahoy. 
Thy grove of abiu,thjmrdaQi hOI, 
Thy evHT path dcRchta me itlll, 

Bad) (UntvT a donU* (h^raace fltnfi ; 
Jtfda. H QBCK. la coararw sagr, 
latfc Jmt i M O Ph Si WW to Man 

' Frlendililp U LoM wldMMl fata vtagi 1 ' 

" My t.ycu* ! wherefore doM thou weep f 

Tby falling trmt* rMlraln ; 
Aflbctl4M] far a time nay lieep, 

Bot. oh. twill wake •g*ln. 
Think, (hia)^ ray fHend, when ncct w« meet. 
Our lonx'Wbh'd limrraurae how *«nt t 

Fron tblt ny bofw of rapture ipringi. 
fVhllo youthful bcnrt* thu* fuodly iwalt. 
Abaence, mj Mend, can only teU, 

' Frlrndkhtp it Lore without hii wtnfi I*"* 

Whether the verses I am now about to 
eive arc, iu any de-f*rce, founded on fact, I 
nave no accurate incana of dctcmunini:. 
Foml an he was of recording every particultf 
of his youth, xuch on criatt, or rather eia, 
a9 is here couimemorated, would have been, 
of all othcni, the lea«t likely to pass unmei»- 
tioned by him ; — and yet iKitlier in con- 
versation nor in any of hi^ writings do I 
remember e^en an allusion to it,* On tlie 

moiety on tho cuhjMC of thli pM«B( U the funa«tn(> 
About a y«ar of two before the dale afflxed to k, h* 
wrote to hU mnihvT, from Harrow (lu I haTs bana laM 
by ■ paraon to whom Jdri. Dyron hanalf cowiamnfcalrf 
(fcedrcvnoUncr). ti uy, llial lie had laMjbadapAt 
daal of unraitnr«i nn accnont of a yoonc woBltt,whaafeS 
ka»u to haie he«D a (avoutlte nf liU I>ip Mmd. Oaiaaa, 
and who, dndtnit bertalf. alUir hit death, Inatfatatf 
pniKTou tuvardi mali-rolty, had de«laa*id Lord Byraa 
waa the blber of her child. Tbta, be pealllmly anund 
hU notber, ma not Ihe oaaet hel. tw Be^ Ing, ai hedU 
firmly, that tho child belonaod la Conoo, It waa hb wbh 




Cfctf hoaii. BO etitirelv nan all that he wrotv, 
-making aUowtuict; I'ur thf cnihelliirtuucnts 
fAucT,— the transcript ol' hLs actiiul lite 
Dd fediiifB, that it ia not ca^y to nupposc a 
oeoi. so fult of natural ten^lerncss, to hnvu 
cen indebted for its origiu tu iiuuginaiioa 

" TO MY 80K I 
" Tbow UuMi locLi, UttMc r}-«a of blot, 
Br1ft»«diyB>Mb»r'i la Qitlrhiiei 
Thofc ra^ Upc wImwc dimple* plajr 
And mo* to Meat th« bewt awaj, 
BaciU t iceBt of farmer loj. 
And toock U>]r Fattaer*! bnn. my Bur I 

" Amt tboa CHMt Uip > bthar'i iuihk— 
Ah, WllUa/n, «rcr« thlDc own itw *Mn*, 
Mo Mlf'Tvproach — but, IM me ccaM — 
M J- an tot tkM dull pivchue pc«n ; 
Thy BaUMv'i ihad« (ball niiite Inier, 
And fmrOaa alt tbt pwt, m j Boy 1 

* Bar Unttf fn«« tbo turl hat preu, 

ADd tSiOU IkftM kiWVD a ttronguT'i bivaaL 
DvtrioB OT f « ttpoD thj blnh, 
Aad yMda Ibee icarcc ■ n«rae on earth ; 
Y<t iUU not tlMM (Mu bofM dpUiogr, — 
A fMlHr'a hewi b thlM. nj Suf I 

** Tbj, IM tba wnid tadNlhif ftaws. 
Ho* I bwd NaKuv't data dlwwn ? 

■ Ak. ■»— Ibougb aKinlbU lapi un ^ 
I taatt ibM, dMTMt r-hiM of Inve, 
Tilr diwah plc4«« of jwitti aad Jof — 
A PflOw guanli thf Idnli, mj B<7 I 

" OK tvffl Im nrnrt in lhr« to trau, 
Kiv afl« In* wrinUtd oW my faos, 
Bn hair nf gtat* o( Ufa* t« run. 
AI o>K« a bnMlwrand a nn ; 
Aod ail my waao nf ynn ntylay 

• AMlKKuta M jont thjr kaadliw ilrt. 
Youth «iU notdiKBp yvtaial In t 
AbA. »vt tiin iUU Ins dear to me, 
WUa Hdmi'i fern tmirm hi tbco, 

The hr«Mt. wtildi (Mtlto (omMT Jar> 
nioo'vdaaert Ua plmlge, mr Bojr ! 

But the most rcmnrkable of these j>oetii» 
I one oT » ilittc prior tu an^ I have ^rt-n, 
va% writto) lit Dec em ber. 180G, wht-ii hu 
not jet nineteen years old. It contains, 


bo brou^t up with all poMlUc care, aad 
'. onlmled Ibai bU (notber woolil hn** th« 
to Ute fliargr of II. Thoucb luch a requwt 
P <» nr lafcrnuutt «xpr*«t«i It) haio dlwom- 
■mr* mlU ihaa Hn. Brrnn'i, Ui« not- 
aaooorod hor «■ In tbe klndM teitos, 
m the vfrtitd vflttimy noctvo the chUd ai toon 
hon. ODd brtOf k op la vbatnor nanarr ba 
llan*C)'< lM>*w«r, llw iobnt dkd alnu)«t Immo- 
tMf . 00)1 oa* Ihua ■p«reil tho bdog a ux do tbe gtiod 
Wn Of art bod;. — [But MO Hon Joan. c. XTt. K. CI.] 

!■ teM*p«llMo( dailnt hU iu*cfdlp pOCTni be fol- 
)B4 Ite naiofi* of Millnci. wbn {«fi Johnun), "by 
Iho daw* lo bli flrit ronpnitiiint. a bnait of 
PaHlloi had iflten litm nu «i*iiipl<>, 


as ifIII he seen, his relipoun creed at tlmt 
period, unci shows how early the atrugylt 
beiwL'ttn natural piety Eind wubt began in 
his mind. 


" VaXhet of Light I vnst Qod of Huvra I 

Hear' it thou the accont* of dnpalr ? 
Can pilit IiIlv riui** be a'lir forgivon ? 

Can lie* aiodo for crlioM by pi«y^ f 
Fallicrvf L.l«ht.untlie« 1 call I 

Thou loe'U my udI Ii dark nlthln ; 
Tboii who cwut nufk the iparrow'* [all* 

Af rn from me the daalta of lin. 
Nil Ihriiii: I *rck, 10 MCt» UBJaunTO. 

Oh point cu qm tbo path of truth t 
Th7 dreod oauUfOtoDoe I vwn. 

Spare, yet araaod, tbe fault* of youth. 
Lrt Mfote rear a gloomy ftne. 

Lot ■Ofonthlon ball liie pile, 
liM prInC*. to wpntA Lhalr aablt ralfn^ 

With Lile* nf mr'tlc ritot tieguUe. 
lihall DuuiconHne bU Malier'* iway 

Tg (jothlcdoBicaaf BiouldctlDgtMao? 
Thy tcmpio la Uu> fkce of day ; 

Barth. cKMcheaeen. thy boundlaae tbraiif. 
Shall man canitomn hb race to heU 

Unlea* they baid In pompou* fiina { 
TUl oa that dl. br om who MX. 

Bloat peflah ia Iha mlagllng unrm ? 
BhaU oaeb pnHaui to roach th« lUn. 

Yet doom hb brolber to o> plie, 
WhoM Mul a dJflhrent hope lapplle*. 

Or doctrlnee leaa aavara t]U|itr* 7 
Shall tbeae. by creod* thoy can't oxpoond, 

Pnparo a fndcd blta* or me ? 
Shall reptUca, rronUlag oD the Kr<raad, 

Tbdr great Croator'i purpoae Iiaow V 
I^Iiall thoM vrho lire Ibr *«'lf alone, 

Wboee yean float on In dally erIniB — 
Shall th>c-y by Faith fn guUl atone. 

And live beyond the bound* of TlmaT 
Father t no proptaN'a lava 1 aaefc,— 

nr Inwi m Nanm't worka appear ; — 
1 owo rnyinlf corrupt and Meek, 

Yet will 1 pr*)-, for Ihuti «11t h«ar t 
Tbnu, wtK) raoFt ffiiid* tho uatutrrlng Mar 

Tbruugli IrackWt f talini uf .l^pr'i ipaco ; 
Vbo calm'tt tW clotnmta] war, 

WhoM hand frmn \n\\r lo polit 1 trace ; 
Thou, who tn wiidoni placed v» here. 

Who. when thou wltt, can taho no haacob 
Ahl wblbt ItroadtMieaithtyiphan, 

Bxleod lo BO thy wldo debnco. 

(•etn* to coounend the carUoca* of U* ews conpoilthpn* 
to tbe notloe of peaUrhy." 

The following trite, wrtttco alao by Mm to IMT, ha* 
Dovar, a* (ar a* I Itoow, appeared to prbrt ; — 

" anrapH om mwm atuiia, or anvTRwiux, k raKiisa, 
" «rao m%o or divkkk!iiiu*. 

" John Adam Ike lirra.of the portah of Soolfawdli 
A Carrier. ik1m> carriti hb Can to bla iBBUth will ; 
lie earriti to miu-h. and bo emrritt ao IhO, 
He eotdd entry no mnre — to wa* carr%t4 at laai ; 
Vtm, the Uqitor be itrwik Iwing li>o mtiTh for ocm, 
Tl<' could not titrrjf oJI, — to he '* now corrf-oM. 

■•» , Brpt. im." 

£ 2 




To Tliee. mf Ool, to T>>«e I rail ; 

Whuttvr w«l or H(M betide, 
Iljr ibf oomwiMl I rlM nr bll. 

In diT pwwetloB 1 conUb 
It. wh«n Ihli dnM to diut iMUr«d, 

Mr loiU iball HmI vn alrr wtnc 
lliiw th»U tbr gloDou Quno Bdor*!], 

Iniplm licr fetble Tolcc to (ing I 
Bill, ir iiiU amdag «plr1i ihuv 

Wltli ctaf lb* i»w'* nmuU bed, 
WhUr lilie fft Ebrolw, I nl*e my pnrcr. 

Thongb dixxnM do more lo quit the dead. 
T» ThM t braatlwi»r bwnMo wtnia, 

CnUlUl for all tb7 MMtcb* put. 
And ho^ mr Ccid, le tbm M*ln 

Tbl> cTTliic lUe raqr By •* !*>(• 
" etb Dk. 1M6. Bt»oi.." 

In amnluT nf these poems, which eitciuls 
to aboui a hLtiilrc*! lines, ami which he wrote 
under the melRntholy Miiprcssion that he 
shoiihl soon Jie, we Qml him rtnicliidiiig 
with 11 prnvcr in sonicwhiil the Mune spirit. 
AAcr bhldmg aiiieii to all the fovouritc sccnea 
of his j'outh ', he thus continues, — 

" Pwjet llil< world, tej tftrtlrM iprltv. 

Tnra, ttini Uijr Uiouthuto Hdav'n: 
Then Buit thuu *oao dliMt tfajr Atgfat, 

ITvTfon wn ivngtvviL. 
To MgnU and to ueta nnlawnni. 
Bn* doiRi bMMatl) tbe AlmlfUr^ tbraM : — 

To hbo aildraM tfa; IrvmHUni prqmr ; 
Hk, who U tMKJftil aod Jnat, 
WIU tiwt rfdi^ aditW of diW, 

AlihitiiKh liU nuviarit CArt-. 
FiLtheraf Light, tu Uw t ull. 

M/ Mul bduk within ( 
Tfaiiu, who CAUtt mark the )pArTOW FaU, 

AivtX Ihn <lr4th i^dn, 
Tliou, who CBiui Kuido thg watidprlnjc iur> 
Who <alui'*t thv rltniimtol war, 

Whocc manUe U fan bouiKllMi •kf. 
My tti<iuiibt«. my worcU. mj crtoiM torgltv ) 
Aad, »lnc« t toon ntuit uvur lo U*e, 

laHnict mo how to die. lU?." 

We have seen, bv a fonner letter, ihat the 
law proceedings for the rrcovety of hia 
Uochdalc property had been attended wilh 
success in some trial of the case at Ivincaster. 
Tilt fallowing note to one of hiji SinithwplI 
iricniJit. announcing a t^cond triumph of the 
cauACt shows how eaiiguinel y and, as it turned 

■ Aaamif to, of anne, aot torgtmea araaog th« nun- 

" And tlull t hwe fiirx"t lh« wvnc. 

Still nraroit lo nij bmiM 'r 
Enckt ti«r and ritcrt roll brtwMn 

The rami ipot which paiilaa bleat : 
Trt, Itarj, all tlir bvautira «r«ni 
¥Tt*h M In LoTc'i bewitching dream," *c. *c- 

■ It app«an Itcta a puuice lo nan oT Mlu Pl^ot'i 
Irllori Id lirr brtitlii^r. Ilut I>'>n| Byrrin M*iit. llirotigti ttilt 
RCTitledULii, B copy or bif pocou to Mr- Mackeaaie, tbe 
author of ttut Man of Fealinf; : — " 1 am glailfoumen- 
CloDMl Mr. lUtkcDile'i baring (ot&copTOif Lord fi.1 

out,' crroacoufllv, be calculated on the rfr 

••Feb.9. IW. 

" I hiu-e Lite pleasure to iuform you we 
huTu guined the Rochdale cause a MK:ond 
time, by which 1 am ^ftO,000 /^w. Yuun 
ever, " Bymon." 

In ihe month of April we find him still at 
Southwell, and wldivsiiing to hia friend. 
Dr. Pij^it, who was at Edinburgh, the foW 
lowing DOie * : — 

* SovtbweU. April. 1107. 
" My deiu- Pigot, 

" Allou me to congratulate you on the 
success of yoltr first examination — ' Covrof;r, 
mntt luni.' The title of Doctor will do 
wonders wttli the danLseU. I shall diost 
probably be in Esacx or London when you 

arrive at this d d jiluce, wlicrc I am de- 

tuined by tbt" pubULOtiou of my rhymtt. 
" Adieu, — Believe me jours very truly, 
" Byh'o]*. 

" 1'. S. Since we met, I have reduced 
myself by violent exercise, mucA physic, uud 
A(^ bathing, from H stone 6 lb. to lif stone 
71b. Inall I hnvelost ^ pounda. Brarol 
— what say you?" 

IIi» movements and occupations for the 
remoiiider of thi.syear will be best collecictl 
fnmi a '^ttufi of hiK own leitcr^, which I am 
enabled, by the kindness of the hidy to whom 
they were addre^^wd, to give. Though these 
letters are boushly^ written, and a good 
deal of their pleasantry is of that conven- 
tional kind which depends more upon plimiie 
than thought, they will yet, 1 tliink, be fotuHl 
curious and interesting, not only as eniU>Upg 
iiH to track him through this i>eriod of hi* 
life, but OS throwing light upon i-urious little 
traits of character, and laying open to tis tbi 
fir?tt working of his bopea unci fears while 
waitini;, in su.>i[icm<e. the opiuiuni that were 
to decule, a& he thought, hia future fiuD& 

poema, anil wbat ho tbouKbt of tli«m — Lord B. «aa M 
maicA ptmMvl ', '' 

In another l«tt«r, tbo fair wriirr uft, .^ " L<ird Bfna 
Oettrni mf lo tcU yon that th« rivtoa yon did not hm 
from bim «-aj bfvaOM hli ptiblKatlun wa* not w fomrf 
ai he bad tfatlcnd iiUnwlf It mnU have been. I BU 
him, ' he wu no more to be de|icad«d on thu * wmm,' 
which liiatMitlir bn>U|ht the aoftneM oT ttul ms tartA lb 
coitiaenanoc, for he tduahMl pacralinul) ." 

■ He wai, ladeod, a thomiiih hojr, at thla pnrind. la 
•wry reaped:—" N«l Hoadaj- " {uj-i Mita Pigotl "I* 
otu- great Ur. Lord BfTMi talki of It with ai miMii 
pIcAHira a* Unle Hvory. and dacUroa h« wtU rtda ka lb* 
Tonnd-abont.— boi 1 Eblak b« vUl cbnss Us mad." 





The fint of the series, which Is without 
date, upcara to bare been written l>erore he 
had IcR Southwell. Tlie dtlicr Urttcnt, it 
will be 5ccn, ore dated fivin Cambridge* and 
from Londoo. 

JjKtm 11 TO HISS riGOT. 

"Jim* 11. IMJ. 

"Dear Queen Bess, 

' Savage ought to be immortal: — thini^h 
BOt a tAprxHtfih-6rrd AiiAWp^, he is the finrst 
piqipy I ever law. luid will answer imich 
tietcer ; in bis gnsit and maoirnM kii)itnf.s<t 
he has iklresd}' bitti^n my fingers, nnd dis- 
larbetl the gravity of old Bootswain, who is 
gnevoutiyditcompifsed. I wtsh to be infunnvd 
mbat be eotfs, his r.r/MHu«, &c. Ac, thnt 1 

■ay indcmoify Sir. (i . My thuiiks ure 

■fi I can give for the trouble he \tm tiOtcn, 
wake a hng tpeec/i, and conclude it with 
I 8 3 4 5 6 7. ■ I Hju out of pnictire, fio 
iiftttiatr fOU BS a legate, — ambattador would 
M do in a matter concerning the Pu/ir, 
~ afikh I presume thiK must, as tlic u-huh- 
vanm upon a BuU. Youm, 

*' Byron. 
"P. 8. I write io bed." 

Uttsi I«. to XlltS PIGOT. 

" Cmit)rld«v. JuDe ». 1»07. 

" ' Better late than never, Pai; "* is a 
Mvin^ of » Iiicb yon know the origin, and as 
» u applicable on the i)rcM;nt (ic-cniion, you 
till evcu»e its conspicuous place iu the frout 
of my Q>ifttl£. I ain almo^jt supeninnLiaied 
l>crc My old fricncLs (with thi- cxccpliun 
«f avtvy firw) all dcpaned, and I aiti jire- 
{■tfing to foUuw ihetn. but remain till Monduv 
to be present at three OnttoritH, two Cnncerls, 
C Fm, and a Ball. I liud I uni not on\y 
Aawrr hut /ii/Zfr by an inch since my last 
Wt I WHS olili^ to tell every ImhIv my 
Boir, nobody having the IcoKt recollection 
of OW futigr. or person. Even the hero of 
njF Camrfian (who U now Mtting vit-a-fi*, 
nadii^ a volume of my I^oHics) piLwHcd nie 
h Tfiaily walks without recognisine me in 
ike Watt, and was tliuiuiKrstnick at the nlter- 
■tioa which had taken place bi my ei)i:n- 
taancc, &c. &c. Some say I look bctirr, 

■ ■• tan tUnda to U odd Uncj or irlck oT hki owti t 
— *kMW*rt ta KM at ■ luM (vr •ornrOiInf ta i^, be 
M4«l«iV*M|>H4«of«r"l B S t S 6 7." 

> KoCvtia«Mdtag dM aiNiw mhieh, t^iroOf nnr«- la 
9*4 ttaa mutuumm—, be iKvlifan. Ib the amna af thcte 
tmtn, mpaa !tmNli*rll, br bw, In «ftvr itef •, tMi(ht In 
M |Im« ibc bdun vhtcb bo hod p«>*cd In thU pUcc 
Mnbr worn hkprj than Mir ho 'wl kiuiitB altnrmuA*. 
tt I MMV wTlUn nut Ivog ibtm to hi* MTtant, FlfCcher, 


others «it?r«f, but all agree I am thinmr, — 
more I ilo iw>t requirt:. I have lost two 
pounds in my weighl since 1 left your ctirtird, 
(f^lfilabU, and aMomif atKHlu of smndal ■', 
wh«T, excepting yourseU" and John Beclier, 
I care not 1/ tlic wliulc race were con^igiieil 
to the: Pit of Acheron, which I would vihit In 
pefMin mther than coiilamirtate my tandait 
with the polluted dust of SoutUwVll. Aw 
rioutly, unless obliged by the rmptinctt of my 
purse to revisit Mrs. B., you will sec me 
no mure, 

'" On Moiiday I deport (or Loixlon. I 
quit Ctunbridge with little regret, because 
ourjrfare vnni$kcd, and my muncal jimttgi 
before tiitntioui'd has left tile choir, and ih 
stationed in a niercaiililc bouBe of con- 
fiidpnible eminence m the metropolis. You 
maj: hrtve heanl me obser^-e he is exactly to 
an hour two years youngi-r than mvsell'. 
1 fountl him grown consideruWy, aiitl nt> you 
will ,tup[n>sc, very glad to see his former 
Patron, lie iii nearly my height, very th'm, 
very fair complexion, dark eves, and light 
locks. My opmion of his mind you already 
knuw ;^i hope I shall never have occasion 
Io change it. Every body here conceives 
me to be an htvaliii. The University at 
nresunt i.s verj- gay from the fetes of divers 
kinds. I »uppe>:lout lust night, but eat (or 
ate) nothing, sipped a liottlc of chirct, went 
to bed at two, and rone at eight. I have 
commenced early rising, and find it ugrocs 
with. me. The Slitilcrs imd the Fellows all 
yery polite, but look a Utile atkattce — dpn't 
much admire lampoom — tnith always dis- 

" Write, and tell me how the inhabitants 
of your Mt-noffrnf ^o un, and if my publication 
goes i}ff' well : do the quadmiicilw gruwtf 
Apropos, my bull-dog is deceased — * Flesh 
both of cur and u)aii is graiis.* Aitdress your 
answer to Cambridge. If I am gone, it will 
be Ibrwarded. Sad news just arrived — 
Rus&kns beat — a bad set. nit nothing hut 
oil. conKOquenlly must melt before n hardJirA 
I get awkward' in my academic habiliments 
for wont of practice. <Jot up in a window 
to hear the oratorio at .St. Mary's, pop|K.'d 
down in the middle of the Ahttiah, tore o 
HKM-ful rent in the back of my ticat bLacIt silk 
gown, luul damaged an egr^ous pair of 

tij X ladf who bid bMD InUnuu with him. In hi* jvang 
tUfi, at Satitbwell, there kro tbo followlay wonU : ^ 
'* Your poor, food nwMor alway* caIImI nto * OU Plvtr,* 
whHi 1 prMrhwl to tilm. When bp pkid imi hto lul vUt. 
be iild, ' Well, Rool t^irnd. I ihtll never Iw lo h&pfT 
«g«io u I KM in old Saut^iarell.' tilt tml opItllcH) at the 
•dr*t>taet>f of thl* Ion d, u a pUr* t,t rwUamw, «IU b» 
HMI Id a lulianitu-nt Intirr, mhm hi> tMMl MmiHUltjr 
recuniinaidi IL lu Uul potol Of ilffV. to Mr. DaLUj. 

E 3 



••••< 49 ■■( I 

Ijnw R TO MHs ncoT. 
"Kmx ar laiC kncr I hvi 


ad i» yei *yfc. 



4mf,'tammA l* MOie Uman, he. ht. dksn 
■rdliy««MUpimitMi»faliL Ai tkb 

■iiMiig I ritT vmbs bottle o^ciantiBHf 
t^mi jmA irart in mt eye* .- lior 1 bvc jat 
ptftcd viib my ' CaradSn,* who tptttt Ac 
cvcaiag viifc nc As it vaa ow ksC »• 
Bcrvkw, I iw^l p ooeJ my cn^igEncat lo de- 
race Cbe boon </ the &Mi«k lo ftiendiUp *. 
— EdInUM MiS I iMwe MfMsted for die pre- 
■oic, sod flqr ■kod ■ • dno* of hope and 
wamw. Tomocrov I let out fiur Luadoo : 
«oa wil addmi jroor nnrcr to * Gordon** 
llobEl, Albanwfe Street.* when I tofvtn 
dtfw n^ TWt to tiME mecrapuUa. 

" Iraoiiv lo hear you are intcfested io 
my pnttgi ; he bu been my mimait emttmt 
MMciMe mice Itetober, 1803, wheo I ealered 
Trinitjr College. Hi> pmot fint Btiractcd my 

t (k VW *Ml dM yMT 1?79. tfeM IMS EtMDdT BmU 

hr«B< Mlw r— aahy int MiirtMl IfecBMlnti to Uvc 
to nOMMM. ll«MdMN(kCdMlnMaloMpuirta Ivo 
Mln*ub who if f ■< w Bn iw irae i Mck otkar** «e- 
WMrtclUM.«B4altolMrentdi9Wtai*lafMlHr. a>r 
MM Iwii^ta tafk » tMr twfKlIf* raUtkRu. but 
•MM iAane • MOMrf i i ap — I , TIm ^MM aC telr 
ntfwc k tk« Val* at UintMm, *m enlf cMUed lo « 
faaiyi ■•nant, •»< tWr UtwI fat fwn onlixiowa lo 
Ikiir Mt^rr-im tqr nr odier appclUlun, rucK " th« 
Idito aTUw Vde." L^r Elinor OhiIot dl«t M Uio- 
goIlM, In iuiw. Its.) 

■ II mtif kt •• ml to awntlM bm iti« Mqwl of tiiU 
wttrrT*"*- iltidBBMft. la Uw ftw l"M jnun^ Kiiii^- 
dm 4M «f « epMitBpdon t ■»! the rLilli>«ln|| li-u«r. 
•iATCMAbrLotdBrrmUfUwnoUMraf hlifur Hoiub. 
wall «anM^OfklMU. will •haw (rttJi what inrianrholr 
IWtblUiMM, Mnona th» maaj-Ui hi«ct hud Ibni to mourn 
lor, It* ttnt d««ll <M Um UMniQfy t4 bU r°ui)8 college 
rriMdi — 

•* DMt MaAmti. 

■■ I am alMMil W vrto til yan an S aUlf nihtact, snd 
7>4 1 ranturt v«ll di> oUiwIml Tmi nu)' remnnbcr a 
fomtUan, vlilati *nnM fMn ajpt I coailHiMd to Mlu 
I'lgiit, liidmid jt<iN- l« hn, itfl4 nmm I vb filing U> tnjihe 
Ikii muil Mifltli «i»l rtwin of r^qow l a. Thn p«fwin who 
g)k«BUl(iiaa,«li«i I wu rpryrcnni. Udni(l,«Mltbuugli 


Mried; hwMijJ b 

1 iiiiiilj kp^cbM 

tied k. aad ha 

■d ae ID Im iar ever. He 

w«h^1f Anap in tomi m 

■r ^m^ prabeMj eot neec tiD 

erf* my wmanty^ vfaee I shall 

IcBMBo ciBcr coCcnoi^ lu a 

h a^ hBoeM, er itaifiBp aitb 

OC eoivie be would m hia 

«i aiad prefcr the fatter, but 

eaiiaia jaevioiu to that 

t, he Am. knc his choice. 

|p*c Ua Man ihaa anj htuaan 

■se nKanoe luTe 

& Jwier aad 36m PmMmby* to 
. ?> <■ < I Md On^et ottt of coon, 
tcaaaoe. end waaS i nhiiig bat a cataatropbe 
Gke Asm aad Emymiu, to give JotuOmt 
aad Ommi the *flO in,' He certainlr it 
BOfaipBBoee attached to mt than even 1 aai 
mtttarm. Doriag Ae whole of mfrcaidoace 
at riiMtaa^t w< mtt ergy daytWmancf and 
wiater, without paanng ov tacHiaotBOinent, 
and acfiaratod each One with tncreadi^ re- 
hictanec. I hope foo will ooe day aec us 
together. He a tte oq1,v being I eswcm, 
th«H^ I Araan^.t 

* The Blarqab of Tavistock ' was down 
the other day ; 1 ^pped « ith hiai at hii 
tutoi^ — entvelyr a Wm^ pvty- The o«k>- 
aaon nnutcr bCrkk here tmw. and Lord 
Uartin^taa*, theDiuieof LcinBter^ &c.^c. 
arc to jam us in October, so erery tbiof will 
beipfnH&f. TbemtMT is all orcratpceecnt. 
Met with aootber 'academy' — upaet a. 

• iMVdMekicdlipMddM* aviKt. ■■ Mww thvaolr 
— «urt «t 1 yoMMMd of Mat pMaec ( tn wham I wu tny 
■lucfa tiwt urt ). a baat^idrcd a tsIim tj tU« rmit 1 
(Qoid havt wlibid a IMTCT to hava bonw in mj •;•■. 
It, Uunftm. lfiMPI«at ihoaU lwr« pv«wv«l It, 1 mint, 
ndar thoa if i f i ran oi. tac bor to aeuM mj r«- 
inailni It III Til liaMMlllMl m am ■! Mo. t. SL Janaa'a 
Sttwc Laiidan.«id I wll rcyUor It 1? aoaatUnc ata 
raar RnMnbtr Ma by ««aallj wait. Aa alM «■! tttm* 
>o Uad aa to tel laanMid In tha CMoT Ub that Anwrf 
the n44«ct of our coaTcrmioa. 71m mr tdl bn- Uuc tbt 
0nr of tbat ncMllBM died ta M«r Ixt of a eoOMHnfOaa. 
at Ihaayaor twfla<r-oao. m^tlot Iha tlxtk. wUMa fW 
month*, of &1radi and r«UUr«i that I havp lort In law 
Kaj auil Uk fiiil i)( Aufuit. 

" BalloTo BM, drat Madam, joun voiy ainnwiy. 

** ItTIIUt. 

** P. S. I go to London lo-Eaorrow." 

Ttip niradlan hrart wai, of rouri<>. rMUTnad, ud: Laid 
Bjron. M the laiav Umv, raaladi^ llut lia had Itfl It 
with MUt Pifol a» a depotit, mit a gilt. 

> C^^^vi^f Matquli oT 'nvtitock, tMrn ISIti Hay, ITMi 
marHrdtn l'<Ofi. Anoa Maria, dau(bter o( CluuUa,thM 
earl of liarrlnffton.] 

t [WnilMn-Spmeer OaraBaUh, born Umj, ITM, hm 
Ouk» of De<rmiaUr« ] 

> [Aa|putiia.Fnd«rick FfUgcraU. DukooT Ltfartcr; 
bons Aupift, 1791.) 




battrr-boot m tite lap of a Udy — look'd 
»CT)' 6/yr — tjuriatvrt grinncti — ' curiic 'tin I' 
Aptopotf KilT}- to say, been ttnt$ii every tlay, 
■ad not tnut« «oArr yet — huwrver, touch no 
mral, aouiing but 6lh, Mitip. and vi-fretalikit, 
eoDfoqucntly it liueii roe nn liiinn — sad dogs 
■I rilv Cattln/u. Mem. — wr tnain to rcEbriii 
imt Juimiry. Thi-i plnce is a manolomy nf 
f»w/v— like it— hate Southwell. 
Ridgp Mild well ? dr do tlie ancientji 
? M'hat ladies huvc bought ? 

ft girl ut !^t. Mnr}''4 the bnagc of 

***, thi)Ught it wiu her — all in the 

^fTons — the Indy stiircd, so did I — 1 A/iuAa/, 

w did wu' the lady, — ^sad thing — wish 

had Burre modlcx/y. Talking of women, 

ill uiiiid of my terrier Funny — how 

'i (Jot a hcadsch, must j^ to bed, up 

in the inomuig to Imvcl. My proUgi 

iU with nte ; purting spods my 

— exceptinj: from Southwell. Man. 

SomtAwei/. Yours, &c 

Lcttbi i». to miss pioot. 

" GardEMi') Etotd. luir 13. ]Wt. 
"You write most excellent epistles — a 
fig for other porrespondenis. with their non- 
Kotic^ wfoVmcA for ' Ammmf^ mugftf about 
it,' — you lead nie • delightfid budget. I 
tn hete in a perpetual vuriex of dianipntion 
(ray pIcttaBOt fur uU tiiut), und. strBnee to 
Uli, 1 get thinner, bein^ now below eleven 
lIOM considcnibly. Stay in town a nmnth, 
ux weeks, trip into Eshck, und then, 
fiTDur, irradiate SuuthwuU fur three dnyii 
the U|!fat of my countenanee : but no- 
■hall ever muki; mr rnn/i- there again. 

^, itivdv return to Cambridge in October ; 

*• arc to be uni-onimonty ^nv, or in truth I 
iboidd ntt the Untvemity. An extmonlinnr)' 
tvciUHUnee occurred to me at Cunibrid^c ; 

• pA so Tery like • • made her uppcarance, 
■at nothing but die mo>tt minute iiit/tfrfwa 
tauid have uiidceeived me. I wish I hud 
lakcd if j&e hud ever been nr II * * * 

" What ihf devil would Kid|;c have ? is 
■Ot fifty in a fortnight, before the adverti>e- 
■mti, a stifHi'icnt i^alc ? I hear many of the 
tmdon book.scllcrii have them, and (Vi»hy 
Ilia Bent copied to the principal wiilurini^ 
fiaecM. Are they liked or not in Southwell ? 

• • • • • I wish Biiutjiwnin had 
mmBuuKti Damon! How is Druu? by the 
BDiQcrtal irotb. Bran ouglit to b« a Count of 
the lloiff Hitman Kwptrr. 

- The intel]ii,'t!nce of London cannot be 
miBcatini; to you, who h»\'e ruttticatcd lUi 


t h ttm collRtkn nf tila Poana pvlnlMt for prlvatt 
a. b« had bMntvii mdo M^en *c>»r« on Ur. 
T, ■bkfa W fwntHrJ hi tba lutMeqwnt pnbUcotlail, 

your life — the annals of routs, riota, boUa 
and l)oxin^-niatt-hi!s, card^ and crim. conn., 
IMirltumentary discuxsiun, political details, 
ntasquenideti, ineclmnlrs, Arg)le Street In- 
atitulion and aquatic racuK, lure and lotteries, 
Drookes'fi and Buonnpartc, opera-singers and 
omtoriu», wine, women, wax-work, and 
weathiirfocka, can't acranl with your iiwi*- 
iatfd ideas of decorum and other tttly ejt^ 
pretBonx n<it Inserteil in mtr raraJiuJnri/, 

"Oh! Southwell, Suuthwell. how I ffr 
joice to have left thee, and how I curse the 
heavy Itoum 1 drtij;^etl alone, for so many 
months, among the Mi>hawL< who inhabit 
your krnal.s ! — However, one thing 1 do not 
regret, which is having jmrtrd nf a snfiificnl 
qunntity of Hesh to cnublc me to slip into 
' M\ ecl-akiii,' and vie with the tftm beaux of 
uiodL-m times ; though I am itorry to say, it 
seems to be the mode aiiuH)a;»t grtttlmtrm to 
grow /n/. and I am told i am at ltai>t fourteen 
piHxiid l>ulow the fiuhiun. However, I dc- 
crciue instead of enlarging, which is entra- 
onlinary, an viaimt exercise in London is 
impracticable; hut I attribute the pkntn. 
rwnon to o\vr evming itqucrsct at public and 
private ]>hrtie!i. I heani from Uidge this 
morning (the Hth, my Idler wa« begun 
yestenlay) : he says the poems go on as well 
as can be wished ; the seventy-five sent to 
town are circulated, and a demainl for fifty 
more complied with, tlic dav hu dated his 
epiitlle, lhou|:h the advertiiicinenta arc not 
yet half |)ulilLslicd. AdicU. 

" P. S. Lord Carlisle, on receiving my 
poems, KL-nt, bdbrc he ojx:ned the book, a 
tulurably liand&ome letter : — I have not 
heard trom hun aince. His opiaiona I 
neither know nor care about : il he ih the 
least ii)M)1ent, I shall enrol him with BuUer^ 
and the other worthier. He \& in Yorkshire, 
poor man! and very ill! He raid he had 
not hud time to read the contents, but 
thought it necessary' to ai-k now ledge the 
recent of the volume immediately. Pcrhapa 
the Kari ' bcait no itrot/tcr near the thww^^ 
t/io. 1 will make htit sn^tre totter m Ut 
hand*. — Adieu !" 


" AtifiUt S. liOT. 

" London begins to disgorge its contents — 
town is empty — consequeullv I can scribble 
Bt It'i-Hure. aaoccuparions arc less numcroiia. 
In a furtiiiglit I Khali ilejMut to fulBl a country 
eiigugenient ; but expect two epistles from 
you previous to that period. Ridge does 
not proceed rajiidl) in Notts — very possible. 

at Uui UBM dme c«t>lAtTiln| whjr b« dkl m. In ■ ikM 

l)al« hw wvan tiun Ibe rtnv*. 

B 4 





In town thingft wear a niore promuin^ aspect, 
anJ a mau whose works arc praLscd l>y rc- 
vieuvrt, adinire*! by dtu:ht'ttft, nod sold by 
every bodkscUiT of tin- mctrop^ilis, ilocs not 
ileJic&Ce much conKiilcratiaii to ruMiic midcrx. 
I hare now a review before me, entitled 
'Literary Recreatiotis,' whcru my bartUhip is 
applauded far beyimd my desens, I know 
ttnthin:^ of the critic, but think Am a verv 
disccruuig guiitlcmni), »iid mifieif a derili^n 
cleorr fellow, llis critique plcuBcit me par- 
ticulurly, WcatiKe it \a of great length, »nd a 
proper quantum of ceniture in otlminibtered, 
just to give an agreeable reiitk to the praise. 
You know I hate insipid, unqualified, 
common-^Iacc compliment. If you would 
with to see it, order the 13th Number of 
* Literary KucreutiunK' for the la-st montti. 1 
assure you I have uut the ]uo<>t distant idea 
of the writer of the article — it U printed in 
a periodical puhlication — and though I have 
written a paj>ur {a renew of Wordtwortli '}, 
which H(>pe8r8 in the i>ame work, I am igno- 
rant of every other pcrwin concerned in it — 
crcn the editor, whose niuuc 1 have not heard. 
My cousin, Lord Alexander tiordon, who 
resided in the same hotel, told me h\s 
mother, her Grace of (Jordon -', requested 
he would introduce my Pivtkai Lordship to 
her Ilighncsi. as iihe hail bought my voIiHiitr, 
adinirt*d it exceedingly, in common with the 
rest of the fiwhionable «orld, and wished to 
claim her n-lationship with t]ie author, 1 
wa« unluckily cngaced on au excursion for 
Bome daye atterwurds ; and. as the Duchess 
was on the e%e of departing for Hcotlanct, 
I have postponed my introduction till the 
winter, when I s^hnll tavuur the lady, u-hotv 
tatic I Mhoii Not fi'upulc, with lay most wd)- 
lime and edifying conversation. She is now 
in the Hij;hlainls, »n<l Ak-ximder took his 
dqwtnrc, n few days ago, for the sanie blcticd 
seat of ' dark rol/iiie u'ttdt.^ 

" Crusby, niy Lundon publisher, has dis- 
posed of iiis &ei'und ini|>orlutian, and has 

■ Till] am ■ttirm[<t or Lord BjTon at nvtewtnf (Utt It 
will Em Mcn Uiat he. naee or tiHcv afterwondt, irtcd hit 
hand at thh Uut prirtlf^tit oT Mn]i|o7iD«it*) U romarlutbla 
onlj- M tbowlng how plantiblj' ho cpuM ututne Ihr ei- 
UblUbed trmc «nd plirueQloio' of theM mUior Judftnntt' 
tat» of oMcUta. For iDftanc*:— "Thffvolumnlxfoni 
lU arc b]r thr author of Lrrlr*1 BbHImIi, k KoliACtlon 
which ha« Dot uiKleMrvnSr met with a raniM«rablc 
thUf of iiiit>lic 4i)pt4UH. Tbe thvAct^ilId of Mr. 
Wordjwortb'i miue xrc tlm^ile ami flowtnf , Uxnigh ooo- 
tlaaallf lahamioiiluut, ver*v, — ttrtng and MmutbnM 
lrr«*Uni>1» ai>pMU to th« FmUds*, wllh UD«x»pllu«wb1« 
HiiiUatinu. Though ibe prcwiU wodi my nut eqiul hU 
frirmpr rffurti, mmnj vf tho poaou pcinwi jl nniit cl«- 
g»nc*." *c 4c ftc. ir Uk. Wofdnrorlh rvft «harc«l 
to cut hl> eym ovn thU artlcto, h«w UuIp could li«' htn- 
iuipaci«d (hat under tfaatdull prOMlc muk lurked on>r 
who. In Bra iliart jvan trom tbeDot, would rlral ertai 


sent to Rldgc for a tMrd — at least so he 
says. In every booksellei^s window I see 
tny nwn aanv, and tay nothing, but enjov my 
fame in secret. My last reviewL-r kinttly 
rcouests me to alter my determination of 
writing no more ; and * A Friend to the 
Cau»e of Literature ' begs I will gmlify the 
pt^t&c with some new work * at no very 
distant period.* Who would not be a bard ? 
— that is to say, if all critics would be so 
polite. However, the others will pay me 
off*. I doubt not, for this gvnt^ encourage- 
uient. If so, have at *cm t By ihc by, I 
have written at my interrals of leisure, after 
two in the morning, SAO lines in blank vcnte, 
of Bosworth Field. I have luckily got 
Hultun's account. ^ I shall (>\tend the poem 
to eight or ten books, and ijuill have finished 
it in a year, Wlicther it will be publislied 
or not muKt depend on circumstances. So 
much fur egotirm ! My taureU have turned 
niv brain, but the axiluig aiidt of fortbcomine 
cnticisws will probably restore me to »<>» 

" Southwell is a damned place — I have 
done with it — at least in all prtibabdity j 
excepting yourself, 1 eatetan no one witluD 
ibi precincts. You were my oolv ratitMui 
compuniitn ; uinl in phdn truth, ] had more 
rt»i«.'Ct for you than the whole Any. with 
whohe foibles I unmsed myself tn compliance 
with their prevailing pmpenHities. You gBV6 
yourjictf more trouble wttli me and my tn»> 
nuscriptH than a thousand dolU woulij have 
done. Believe me, I have tut forgotten 
your good nature in ih'u circle of «ro, and one 
day I trust I shall be able to cviiK'« my 
gratilude. Adieu, yours, &c. 

" I*. S. Rciucuiber me to Dr. P." 

Lbttm it. to UI.<;s PIGOT. 

•Umt&on. AuguUU, IMT, 

" On Sunday next I set off for the High- 
lands. '* A tiiend of mine accompanies me 
in my carriage to F.dinburgh. There we 

kim In pnctrjr. [Thr Rrripw tn queatioB will tw taooA 
among the MltrrlUuitmu rroia PImm ippandod to tb* 

> [TfaawHtr DiMh«ai of Cordeo. bom Ulu MuwkII 
of UontPltta. died In AptW, \*\L1 

' t" "^o Uallle or It4i«unrth Fti-ld : to which 1* pr«. 
flxut a IlUtorrof Ulcliard III.-) Life till he wniiBMd 
Che teftl [row«r" A now •ditloa of tllii Wflrk, with 
ad.lliliitt* I7 ti,f ln<l(>(aUgable John S'iebob, apptand la 

* Till* p]aji (vMcb ho aevtf pot In pracUcp) had heta 
Ulkcd of bj him htten h« left Aou(1i«rll. and !■ tbtta 
BOtked In a Ittlor of hit t^lr enrrripondoiil to bor 
bfOtfavr:— " How un 7011 uk If I^nrd tl. U goln^ to 
*Ult thrr lirghlaudk In Uw turanipr ? Wh)", don'i pow 
knew thai he neirr knowt hti nwii mlad for ten rrinni-rt 
(i««ihrT ? I tell him U U m fickU u tin wladl, «ad x 
uncertain ai the waves." 






■kill IcsTe it, and prorccd in :i tandent {a 
jpeciis of open caimgc) through the wuiitcrn 
pMueu to Invemn-, wnorc wv shall piirrhiisc 
tltrihr*^ to etMbIc lui to vii'W places mac- 
ecuiblc to rehicular cvnrrtfai»cft. On the 
eoMit wc sh^l hire n vessel, iiii<l vi^t ttie 
BHMt lenurkalilc of thtr HtbriJut ; aDi!. if 
toe have time and favourable weather, mean 
bo s*3 BB fiu* B» IctUiid, unlv 304~t iiiilt:^ from 
Ae northern extremity of dultHlonto, to petp 
■t HiNsfa. l^is last intentiun yuu will keep 
B Mcrrt, ss my ntre nuTMmn woulil imagme 
I vsii on a Vovngc of JhtrtHvrtf, and nme 
the ■craatomea mafemal warwhoop. 

** Lairt week I awatu in the Thiunea from 
Lunlwth thrall^ the two bridges. Wc<it- 
IBttutrr nnd Blackfrian, a ditttancc, including 
the dt^rcnt ttimtt and tacks niuJe on tht; 
wsv, <*i three iniles [ You see I imi in ex- 
edicnt tminin^ in ciue of a umall at nea. ] 
■Man to collect nil the &»c iriuiitiom, 
iBTim. &c. He, and translate, or expand the 
nl^C to fill a voliune, which may u|i|H-iir 
■est cprJng under the denoniination uf ' The 
' fhfftlmtit -Harp' or some title equally p'c- 
tantfue. Of Boswortli Field, one l>ook h 
SumsAt another Just beguji. It will be a 
vorfc of three or four vears. and most pro- 
bably oavcr cemtiudr. NVhot would yuu say 
lo •onw scanias on Mount llec-lay thev 
vould be written ut Iciut with^/frc. How u 
lie iuuuortal Bran V and tlie Phcenix of 
onine qiiadrupod^, Boatawain ? I have 
biefjr purduHed a thorough-bred buU-doa, 
•ormr to be the coadjutor oi the atbresaid 
***—*»»** — hit name in Smut! — 'Bear it, 
Jt breexes, on your haimif wings.' 

" Write to mc before 1 set off, I canjure 
KNi. by the fifth rib of vour grand tiidicr. 
Kidirc fioes on well with ilie books — I 
t^oii|^t that worthy ha<l not done much in 
tkcoMintry. In town they have ham very 
theeenfiil : Carpenter (Moore*s publisher) 
mU me a few iut\K ago thev M>ld idl theim 
■nediutrly, am! hud i>everal eimuirit?* made 
■Ms. which, from the books being zone. 
Aijf could not Hupi'iy. The Duke o( York, 
At MarehionciM of llcadfart, the l)lu■hi■^.s 
«f Gordon, &c. &c.. were among the pur- 
(kaMm : and C^ruKhy iiay!!, the circtdation 
*iil be ^till more cxtemtive in the winter, 
(^ summer seosou being very bad for a snlc, 
M boat people are absent from London. 
Bo«ev«r, (hn have gone off extremely well 
■ltQ|;eihcr. f shall pass yery near you ou 

< V» afciif«t Iwra. m ■■ oIlMr psrla of hU tarljr 
iMn. Umi tort or dlipUf and boact a( nktihiiM* 
NM li *Mil MO eanuwin ft fotlf at thl* period ol Hk, 
vta Ike jtmg mgU^i bi wnnhnnJ psnuMlM hlmtrif 

ka to hi pntiaaB i* to fa* muUr- UnhickJir. thu 
I^M «Mb« tf Mac ihMftu «<ma thu b« nallf iru, 

my journey through Newark, but cannot 
approach. l>on't tell this to Mrs. B., who 
supposes I travel a different roaii. !f you 
have a letter, order it lo be kit at Kite's 
shop, where 1 ahull call, or the po&t-omcc, 
Newark, about six or eight in the evening. 
If your brother would ride over, I should lie 
deviliah glad to Kc him — he can return the 
same night, or 8up with us and go homi- the 
next morning — the Kingston Armi i» my 

" Adieu, youn ever, 

•* Bt«o«.- 


-Trinltr College, CantvldBe, OcSoter 9S. ]«T. 

*' My dear ElijaUtcth, 

*" Fiiti{.nicd with htittingup till four in the 
nwming for tlic ta-si two days at hazard \ I 
take up my pen to inquire how your high- 
ness and tne rc^t of my feumlc acquaintance 
at the seat of urdiiepiscopal grandciu' go on. 
1 know I deaerve a scolding for my neg- 
ligence in not writing more frequently ; but 
racing up and down the country for these last 
three months, how was it possible to fulfil 
the 4lutie<« of a correhjKindent 't Fixed at 
last for six weeks, I write, as 0»h aw ever 
(not ha«ng gained an ounce since my rtv 
ductionX and rather in lictter humour i — 
but, ailer all. Southwell was a detcstiible re- 
bidcncc. Tliank St, Dominica, I have done 
with it : I have been twice within eight 
miles of it. but eoutd not prevail on miself 
to ntjfuraie in its heavy atmosphere. This 
place in wrctclicd enough — a villanoiis 
chuos of din and drunkenness, nothing hut 
hazard and burgundy, hunting, mutiicuiutics, 
and Newmarket, riot and racing. Vet it is 
a poradtsc comjMtred with the eternal dulness 
o! Southwell. Oh I the misery of dtiing 
nothing but make Ittvc. encimct. and vtrrtri. 

" Next January, (but lllib is tmfrr noiu 
rmlif, and jiray h-t it be so, or my maternal 
persecutor will be throwing her tomuhiiwk 
nt any of my curious projects.) I am gfUTig to 
tea for liHir or five months, with my eauKin 
Captain Ucttesworth, who commnnds the 
Tartar, the finent frigate in the iia%T. I 
have seen most sceucs, and wish to look at 
a naval life. We axe going probably to the 
Mcditerrani-an, or to the West Indies, or 
— to tljc d — 1 ; and if there is a possibility 
of taking me to the latter, Bcttcaworth will 

mtiafaiMl wltb liord hyrtM, a* did tmrn aOmt iMllnp 
tad (olbks of hu boyhood, Ims aftor ibc period vbai. 
with otfacn. Atj w |Mat umI forgottcii i «m1 kii mind, 
indoadi wu bnt br^nnlnf to ootfrDw Umu. wbro b« 
wai fBsUbed aw*/. 




do it ; for he has received four ami twenty 
wounds ill diflbrent pUicps. nnd at tVii« moment 
poHHCKSCK n Itrtter fmiii ttii- latu Lord Nelson, 
Rtatioft BettesvDith zs the onlv officer in the 
nary wliu had niun? urnunils tttiin liimM-lf > 

** I hnvc got a new friL-iid, ihc finest in the 
world, n tame bear. When I brought htm 
here, the; asked me what I nieant to do 
with him, and my reply was, ' he shouliJ at 
Jor a feUouuKip' Shcrwd will explain the 
meuning uf the s4>iiteniH!, if it is utiihif;Tiuu.s. 
This oosver delighted them not. We luive 
ttcverel parties here, and this evening u large 
lusortinent of jockeys, gamblers, boxers, 
authors, parsotis, and |H>et5, sup with ine, — 
& precious mixture, but they go on well 
together ; nnd for me, I am a ipoix of every 
thitii; except a. jockev ; by tlie bye, I wii» dis- 
moniitcd ugain the other day. 

Thnnk )uur brother in uiy nuiiie for his 
treatise. I)uivc written 2 14 pages of a novel, 
— one poem of 3U0 lines-', to be published 
(without my name) in a few weeks, with 
notes. — SfiO lines of Bosworth I'ielil, and 
tf60 ltni*8 nf .inotiier jioeni in rhyme, iH^ides 
hidfa dozen smaller pieces. I'he poem to 
be published is a Siitire. Aprvpot, I have 
been praised to the skies in the Critical 
Kevtew 3, and abused greatly in another 
publication. *■ So much the better, they tell 
nK!, for tbe luile of the book : it keeps up 
controvcray.nnd prevents it being forgotten. 
Besides, the hnt men of till ugi-s have hud 
their share, nor do the humblest escape ; — 
aa I hear it like n philosopher. It Is udd 
two opposjlc critit|ues cunte out oitthe >uiiit: 
dav, and out of five pages uf abiibe. my <jensor 
only quote.s irco line* from diflemit poems 
in support of his opinion. Now, the (>rt)(ier 
wav to rut up, is tu qnott; long piiswiges, mid 
miilie theui appear absurd, ticcauxe ^implc^ 
alle^tion is no proof. On the other hitud, 
there are seven pages of praiw, and mere 
clian my mtulcMi^ will allow, ;daid un the 
subject. Adieu. 

" P.S. Write, write, write ! I ! " 

tm.NA* thriiinaf aclntirmMi in ttw north of F.ngLuid. 
In thv ihart tpve oT eight Tiars (tain all Brat vniCrrliv tta« 
•«Trl>-« M « tnr, h* lud rim by hi* awrit to Itie port of 
Coranandcr. When U>e kbote letter Katurittcn. be had 
JtuI bt«n ■piuilnt«tl (u the T>rUr frlKale, Ir «hti-h hn 
wu killed In ihe Haj foilotiliif, trhili< ongacitia with 
•ume DiiniMi fuO'lKMlt nfT Rrrnra. Hv had recFntl; 
niBrrlrd Lady llwiTuh-Althca Gr«y. ilficr to Karl Unrr; 
Wlw anerwardt marrlMl tlin tlitlil tann. F.4t>ard F.llirr] 

> Tbr|io«ii ■ftrr'ardi cnlarjcrd aad publlifacd undrr 
thr tlUr nr " EnRlUh BaM* and flenUh Rninvcr*." It 
Sppi^n frrnn thia that tbe fTOOod'WOTk of that tallr* 
had hM>f) laid «aTCPtimi> \tptan th«a|ipMrut« of thft 
uUcIb io Iha Edtabursli Bcrlcir. 







It was at the begiiuiing of tlie following 
vear that an acqtiainlunce commenctxl 
hetween Lonl Byron and a gentleman, 
related tohix family by niarriflge, Mr. Didlas* 

— the author of some novels, popular, 1 
bi'iiere, in their day, und also ot a sort of 
Memoir of the noble I'fK't, pubtiKhed 6oon 
after his deulh, which, from being founded 
chiefly on original correspondence, is the 
most HUthtntic and tnistwortliy of nny that 
have yet umtcnred. In the letters addrexacd 
by Lord Byron to this gentleman, among 
tnany deUuU, curious in a Utcrorv point ttf 
view, we find, what Ik much more; important 
for our present ptu^tose, some particulara 
illustrative ai the u|iinion!t whicli he lud 
fonned, at this time of his life, oa the two 
subjects most connected witb the early 
fomiiition of chiiructer — morals and ro- 

It u but rarely that infidditXfltAcafitMniB 
finds an entrance into jmithfid tnJntlfb. That 
rt-tijiness to ttJte the fiitiiiv upon trust, 
which is the charm of this jM'riod of liic, 
would naturally, indeed, make it the scaaoa 
of belief as well ns of Itoiie. There are also 
then, ^till fresb in tht- mmd, the impressioiia 
of I ,irU rtlii^ious culture, which even in those 
I hOfliiCSt to question their faith, 

- lilt Rlowly to the enrruachmenta 
ol'diiiilu, and. in the meuti tiine, extend ibe 
ilw,-acfil of their montl rcalruipt over a |iortJan 
of life when it U a^iiowtedgcd such restmlnta 
are Jaost necewairy. If exemption trom the 

> Sept. IflOT. Thb Harlcw, b) proiioiindaf upon tiM 
Ttmuc aulbur'i EUtura catR-r, tlitjwcij i!|*«lr Mitimhtf 
mon " pTopbrt-Uk* " than th« rr'^^oraclpof tlwNattb. 
In noticing tb« Elcfjr on Nnritratl AlAry, lb« wrilcr 
•agn. " We could not but hall, wHh MUvtlhliitf of iwn- 
pMte ntXiirr. the hupc c:odi«) od In lh« ctoilsf itaou:— 

" Haplf thjr nm, rTDrrKiuF. tk ntaf thine 

Theo to lrradlat4! with luc^rldUu lay," Ac Jbo. 

* Tht fint number or a monlhl; puhlkatkm mIM 
"'lb* tlailrlit." la which thrrc appotrrd atlcrrardt 
tola* Inn and prrwinal altariui upoa blrn. 

"• (Caiiuin ^.r•lrgl^-Amn^ Bfnn, af Ibo n^a) navT, 
father uT chn prewttt Lord Bjrrao, had nurrled tba iJaur 
or Ur. DallM-J 

tbetka of relipon be» rs mfidela themselves 
«Bo«r ', a t nte of freedom from ry [pp|pphilit,v 

Jto eeroUl* *^ pm t^nn*a . it tniKff ho pf^piilinrlv 

10 m ibut ieuan of temptation, youth, vehun 
the pusiuns are sufficiently disjw&trd to usurp 
■ blittHle for themselves, witnout taking a 
SoDCe bI^o from infiJflitv to tnlnrgc their 
nagt. It U. therefore, fortunate uiui. for 
the otucs just stated, the inroads of seep* 
ticim snd diebcltcf shoiiUl tir Hchltim felt in 
the mind till a ficritxl of life when llic cho- 
ncter. already formed, u out o( the roidt of 
dwir dliturlMng iullurncc. — when, being ihe 
fault, however erroneous, of thought and 
fnaoning. they are likelv to partake of the 
nbhrty uf tlic procem by wntch they were 
■cqunvd, nnd bemg consiifercd but as iiMttent 
of pore (itH*cnlnlion, toharea-s little nhare in 
deteniiiniii^' the niind touurd^ evil as. too 
eAtfi, the most orthodox crcc<l has. tit the 
lAe ue. in influencing it towards gooft. 

Vhile, in this manner, the moral qualities 
•f the unbeliever himself ore guarded from 
rane of the mischiefs that nii^ht, ut an 
ttrlirr i^tc. sttcnd Mtcli ducLrme.1, the 
:er nbo of hta cotiuiiunicutin^; the in- 
n to others is, for reasons of a simibir 
irr. con^eruMy dimini<^ht-d. The Muiie 
or dwing which may hiive prouiptci) 
youthfid accptic'6 opinions, will lead him 
i«r. h it prnliidile, nuhly luid irre- 
itly to avow iheni, without regard ejther 
the effect of his example an those around 
kim, or to the oiliuiii Mhich, liy such an 
itowal, be ciitniU irreparably ou himself. 
But. St ■ riper age, these consequences are, 
in Muertl, more enutinuhly weigheil. The 
infidel, if at all coiiMdcnite of the ha^ipines-s 
i>r others, will naturally puuse betorc he 
thaaca from their hearts a hope of which his 
own fceLi the want ao desolately. If re- 
ja- ' if himaelf, he will no less na- 

Ibi^ .4. from the proniulgution of 

,uiik Mhich. in no age, have men uttered 
iniputiit}'. In either ca^e there is a 
bly good ftcnuity flir his i^ih-ncr ; — f<ir, 
thouU |]icne\-olenee not restrain him from 
taking com'ert5 of othern, prudence may. 

11 le»c, prevent him Irom imluiig a monvT 

tlafijftuiiately. Lord B)Ton wuk an ex- 
mlun to the uxuul couriw of such Ui[ii»e«, 
WWi him. the canker showed iticlf "in t he 
—ni nod dew of youth, " when the effect of 
din * faiaatmcnts " t», li>r everj- reason, moat 
IkiI, — and, la adiUtioo to the real mi»- 

f |H IM tfMBi U All, be witiif*! llul U)07 bm but f«w 
4^— I— unJ rronil>ruln." — llcMi- 

TW imIii wUI tod tUa uowsl oT Mima nuuod «h»- 

fortiine ofbeing an tmbeliyyt^f at any age, 
he exhibited the rare hM' melanehuly 
spectacle of an unlxi^licving ach oolboy. The 
Banie preinatunty ol aevelopcnrpnt which 
brought his nassiotu and genius so early into 
action, enabled aboto anticipate this worst, 
drcariesrt remilt of reason ; and at the very 
time of life when a »t>int and lem[jeramcnt 
like his most rrquirenl control, those checksi, 
which rcliinnus ppcposscssions bcflt supply. 
were almoftt wholly wantuig. 

We have seen, in thoHC two Addresses to 
the l>eity which I have selected from among 
hi» uiipublisheit poems, and still more strongly 
in a passage of tlie Catalogue of bis Studies, 
nt what a Itoyinh age (he aulhoritj of nil 
s}'3te ms an d sects avoweSI^ Khnkch~oB" 
^ hiBJiiquiriug ipirit. Yet, eveii In these. 
there is a fer\*our of adoration minglwl with 
his defiance of creeds, throifgh which (he 
piety iiiiphiTitCji iti his nature (m it is dei-ply 
in all poetic natures^ une<|uivocally sliow-s 
itself; find had hctbcn fallen within the rcuch 
of Hiich guidimre and exaniiile oh would have 
seconded and fontcred tiirse natural ifis- 
iiosttion^, the licence of opinion into which 
tic afterwards broke loose might have been 
averted. His scepticism, if not wholly ru- 
movcd. mi^ht have been softened down 
into that humble doubt, which, so far from 
being inconsistent with n n*ligious Npirit, is. 
perhaps, its be^t guard against presumption 
and imcbaritahleneHR : unil, at all events, 
even if his own views of religion had not 
been brightened or elevated, hc_we.uid have 
learned n ot wantonly to cloud or (liAturb 
those of otlii:rs. But there waiTno'mroii 
monitor near him. After his departure from 
Southwell, he had not n Hin^lc friend or 
relative to whom he could look up with 
reKDcct ; but wan thrown alone on the world, 
will) his (WMioos and his pride, to revel in 
the fatal discovery which he imagined htm- 
Aclf to have uinde of the nothingneM of the 
future, and the nll-pammonnt claims i*{ the 
present. Bv sir^lar ill fortune, too, tlic 
uidividualwtio, among all his colleuc IViendH, 
had tiikcn the Ktrongest hold on Ins udmir- 
atiun and aflection, and whose loits hr aftcr- 
wiirds lamented with brotlierly tenderness, 
wab, to the Mime etteut as tiimself. if nut 
more strongly, a sceptic. Of this rtmurkaljle 
young man. Matthews, who was mi early 
snatched away, and whose career in af^er-life, 
had it been at all answerable to the e&tm- 
ordinar)- promise of his youth, must have 

qumllj lo tb« •4*uiU||v ot r*tlti1ua In a CnilrvUnn irf 
Svrmcmi. «irtitl*4, *' Th* C«itntxlan et Chrtallanliy 
wHk llanwn tlaniliiMi,*' wiltim bf one ut Lofd Br- 
nm'* carikM nd HHM nhwd Meads, ttat B«T. VmUMB 


placed him upon a level with the flnrt men 
of his dav, a metnotr wao, at oiiu time, 
intvni]L-(l to be pub^hcd by hU rclath-cs ; 
aiut to Lord B^Ton, ainonc othttrs of his 
c<^cgt: friends, application fur a»8iitaiice in 
the tank wa.4 uddroMsed. The letter which 
this circumstance drew forth trom the noble 
poet, bcndrs cuntaiuinj; iiiaaf luuiuin)^ truitii 
of his friend, affords 5tich an Insight iato his 
OW71 hahita of life tit thi^ period, tJiut, though 
infringiitg upon tht dironoloj^cul order of 
his CDiTcapondcDce, 1 shall insert it here. 

L*mft 19. TO MB. MDRRAV. 

" tUrp««iM, Din 1!. tilM. 

•■ WhotyoiiBaidofthcUlcCliiirlus Skinner 
Maitlicws has set me to my recollections ; 
but I have not been able to ttini up any thin^' 
which would do for the puijMwed Memoir of 
his brother, — even if he nad previously done 
enough during his life to «tnctioii the intro> 
duction of luiecdotcfl so merely personal. 
He WBS, however, a very cxtmordlnar^' man, 
and would hnve btfen a grntt one. No one 
ever Huccceded m a more surpossng d(^rce 
than he did as far as he went. He was 
indolent, too ; but whenever he stripped, he 
overthrew all antagonistii. Ills conqucst^i 
will be found registered at Cambridpc, par- 
ticularly hifl Downing one, which v/us hotly 
and highly contested, and yet eusiJy twn. 
HobhuiiKe wua his moat intimate friend, and 
can tell you more of hliu than any ituiii. 
William Banker al»io & great dual. I mvMclf 
recollect more of his oddities than of his 
acudemicitl qualities, for we lived most 
mijciher at a very idle period of wij/ iife. 
W lipn I went up to Trinity, in iWJ5. at the 
age of seventeen and a half. I was miaernbte 
and untoward to a dej^ee. I was wretched 
at leaving Harrow, to which I had Iveconie 
attached during the two last years of my stay 
there ; wretchwl at going to Cambridge 
instead of Oxford (there were no rooim: 
vacant at Christ-church); wretched from 
some private domestic circumsttirccs of dif- 
ferent kinds, and cunsecpiently about as 
unsodal as a wolf taken from the troop. So 
that, although I knew Matthews, and met 
him often then at Bankes's. (who was my 
cullr-giutc jiaator, mid iiwster, and patron,) 
and at Rhode's, Milncs's, Price's, Dick's, 
Macnamaru's, Fara-lt'H. Oalley Knight's, and 
others of that tt-t of contemporaries, yet I 
was neither intimate with hirn nor with ai:ty 
oneeUe, except my old schoolfeiluw Kdwnrd 
Long (with whom I used to pass the day in 
riding and swimming), ami WiUiam Bankes, 
who wuH good-^mturcdly tolerant of my 

" It was not till 1B07, after I had been 


upwards of a year aw»y from Cambridge, to 
which ! had rettuiwd ogun to r^tuit- fur my de- 
gree, that I became one of Matthews's Janii- 
Ibu-H, by means of Hobhouse, who, after 
hating me for two years, twcause I wore 
a lahdr kai, and a ST^^ coat, and rode a grey 
horse (as he says hiuiself ), took me into hts 
good graces because I had written some 
poetry. I hiul always lived n(;ood deal, and 
got druidi oceaiionally, in their compony ^ 
but now we became really friends in a mam- 
ing. Matthews, however, was not at this 
period resident in College. I met htm chiefly 
m London, and at uncertain periods at Cam- 
bridge. Hobhouse. tn the mean time, did 
great thiti^ ; he founded the Cambridge 
' Whig Club' (which he secn» to have for- 
gotten ), aiid liic • Amicable Societ)',' which 
was dissolved in consequence of the members 
constairitly (|uarrelling. and made himself verv 
popular with ' us youth.' and no less fomu- 
dable to all tutors, profesBors, and heads of 
C'Ulleges. WilUum BanUcs was gone ; while 
he stayed, he r\iled the oast — or rather the 
roaxting — and was lather of all mischiefs. 

** Matthews and I, meeting in London, and 
elsewhere, became great cronies. He was 
not good tempered — nor am I — but with 
a little tact his temper was manageable, and 
I thought him so superior a man. that 1 was 
wiUing to sacrifice something to his humours, 
which were often, at the same time, amusing 
and ijrovokiug. What became of his papm 
(and he certainly had manyj, at the time of 
his death, wa» UL'ver known. I mention this 
by the way, fearing to skip it over, and as he 
wjxite remarkably well, both in Latin and 
English. We went ilown to New«tcad 
together, where I had got a 6utuju» cellar, 
and Monti flresjieK troin a niascpienule 
warehouse. We were a company of some 
seven or eight, with an occasional neigh- 
bour or so for visiters, and used to sit up 
late in our friars' dresses, drinking bur- 
gundy, claret, champagne, and what not, out 
of the iktili-cttp, and all sorts of giasnes, and 
bultuoaiug all round the house, in our con- 
ventual garments. Atatthews always de- 
nominattxi me 'the Abbot,' and never called 
me by any other name in his good humoiu^, 
to the day of his death. The hanuony of 
these our sjniimsia was somewhat inter- 
rupted, n few days after our assembling, 
by Mutthews's tlureatemng to throw Hob- 
housK out uf a witiitow, in coasetiuence 
of I know not what commerce of jokes 
ending in tins epigram. Hobhouse came 
to me and said, that ' his respect imd regard 
for cue as host woitld not pennit tiim 
to call out any of mv guests, and that he 
should go to town nest morning.' He did. 
it vras in voin that I represented to him that 




* TW only tliinc murkkble aboot WaUh*« pntact to, 
Ori t>r. iohnMKi rr«b«« II u " itrf JudMoiu," Imt b. 
■ lk> Haw UiM*, UlcDl tttfw cti at tha ]>o«ti» to which H 

■ [lls-IMa'*dfU«lUi tulr 1> (n he round In Walih'i 
t-or* OjTon hJMl, no doubt, in mind "TYe 
A§m Bnitirwl;" a coaip>«lltoia In whkb.Mii 
thl. MKMan, **thcf<> «*a MOtrthln^t ^ hmntKir, olilte 
ttBkm wramomi kiltlliKi«itrii«anglanaBr. "] 


the wuidoir was not liij;h, and that the turf 
under ii wbs particularl}' wvft. Away hu 

" Hanfaew and myscIF hud travelled down 
from London together, tnlkin^ hII the wiiy 
inceisiuiTly upon one liingb topic. When 
we got to Loughborough, I know not what 
cliBnn hail made us ilivei^o for a mompnt 
Id tome other Mibjcct, at which he vm la- 
SgiuM. * Come,' Raid he, ' don't let us brcuk 
dntMl^ — let us go on as we btj^, to our 
journey's end ;' and so he continuini, and 
«u as entertaining as ever to the vcn,- end. 
Be had prmou«ly occupied, during: my 
TCv'a alMcncf from Cmnbndgc, my rooms in 
iVinity, with the funiiturc ; and Jiincs. the 
Cntor. in hid odd way. had said, on putting 
Mm in. ' Mr. Mutthewk, I retomniend to your 
atiration not to damage any of the nioTi>- 
iblca, for Lord Byron, Sir, u a young man 
<d twm&uom pataoiu' Matthcvrs vttut dc- 
H^KmI with UU& : and wlicocver an}'h4>dy 
euii« to vi«t htm, begged them to handle 
llw rcry door with caution ; :md used to 
npat Jonen's admonition m hi^i tone: and 
naraier. There was a large mirror iit the 
looni, on which he rcmurltvd, ' that he 
thought Im friends were grown uncommonly 
UBJduoDB in cotning to tee Mm. but be stxin 
itiacovend tint they only came to ere- Mt7n< 
w4vet.' Jooes't phrase o( ' tumahuuia piujafms.'' 
tod the whole scene, liad put him into such 
food humour, tlot 1 vcrdy tx'llcve tlmt I 
cmtd to it a portioa of his good iiruci'^- 

**Whca ftC Newstead, soniclMdy by ar. 
(Unt mbbed against one of hh white tilk 
■ocfcio)!** ooe tuy before dinner ; of counic 
liie gentleman apologised. ' Sir,' aiuwered 
UaithewB, * it may be all \ery well for you, 
«bo hare a great many silk stockings, to 
Any other people's ; hut to me, who have 
Onljr thia oiw ptar, which 1 have put on in 
raoaror the Abbot here, no apology can 
ORRponMtC for such caretc!isnc3!> ; bcHJdeit, 
tbecxpease of waahbi^.* He had the saij)c 
•art of droit sardonic way aUnit every thinj;. 
A wild Iri^hmaii, named t^arrell, one evening 
beginning to say something at a tarf:e sup- 
per at Cwnbndgi', Matthews roared out 
'Silence t' and then, pointing to Farrell, 
mad oat, in the words of the onule, * Orton 
k fMbwfrf tvith muoa.' You may easily 

suppose that Orson lost what reason he 
had acuuired, on bearing this eompUmeirt. 
When liobhouse publiAliwI hw volume of 
jwM-ins, the Miscciliiny (which Matthews 
wnnid call the ' Muu-teU-ant/ ], all that could 
Iw drawn from him was, "that the prcfiice 
wa.i ' extremely like W'altk.' Hobhousc 
thought thLn at first a compliment j but we 
never could make out whiit it was \ for 
all we know of W'al/Ji is his Ode to King 
William*, and Pope's epithet of ' hmuvinfi 
Walih*^ When the New^tcatl party broke 
up for London, HobhouK- and Matthews, who 
were the greatest trieads possible, agreed, 
for a whim, to waUt together to town, They 
(lUBiTelled by the way, and nctitully walked 
the latter half of their journey, occasionally 
pa-nsing and repassing, wtlhuut Hpi>aking. 
When Matthews had got to Ilijjhgiite, he 
hud spent all his money but three*pcnce 
halfpenny, and detcruiined to spend that 
also in n pint of beer, which I bvlicre ho 
waa drinking before n piihtic-hotisc, as Hob- 
hou!iC passed him (stUI without Hpeaktng) 
for the last time on their route. They 
were reconciled in London again. 

" One of Matlhews's posalon-t was ' tlic 
Fancy t' and he !«parred uncotiinionly well. 
But he always got beaten in rows, or combats 
with ihe Imre fist, in swimming, too. he 
Bwnm well ; but with cffurt and lakmr, and too 
/li^fi out of the water ; so that Scropc Daries 
iind m>sclf, of whom he was therein somc-- 
whut emuIon.s. always told him that he would 
be drowned if ever he caine to a difficult 
pa»^ in the water. He wiu so ; but surely 
Scrope and myself would have been most 
heartily glad that 

Aud our (imUrUon proTvds Ut.' 

** Him head was uncommonly handsome, 
very like what Popt^t was in his youth. 

" His voice, and laugh, and features, are 
strongly resembled by bis brother Henry's, 
if I Icnry be he of A7ng'f CoZ/ege. llis paAiiion 
for l>oxing was m> great, that he actnall v want- 
ed n>e to match lum with Doghcrty (uhom 1 
had Imcked and made the match for iigaiuttt 
ToHi Belcher), and I saw tbcni spar together 
at my own lodgings with the gloves on. As 
he was bent upon it, I would have Imcked 

- Cranvllle Uippalll*, 

AbiI Imovimg H'aUk, vould tell mo I could write. " 

"About flfti^ru," *Mf Pope, **l gvt ocqualmod r\Ut 
Mr. Wklih. Il« DKd ID tncouraffv m« rauch. ami un 
mt, that tiiitn «u tmt! waf leffi Ofvftcvlllni;: for lhoii|tta 
«e halt tiTetal irW |)oKi. n« nertr bad anr on* gfrtt 
)iix<t Uial KM ttaiiKt . arnl hv draifid nip lu icakv Ihat 
wj itudj and aim."— 8m*c«.J 



Doghertyto please htm, but the matrh went 
ntr. It was of course tu tutvc bccii a iiriviile 
light, in s privftte room. 

" On otic uccasion, being too lite to go 
bame wkI drf-.<iH, he was equipped tiy a fricnil 

!'Mr. Batllii-, I believe,) in o oiagniGcently 
^ionabk anil ttorni^whai i-Ka^eralCiJ .shin 
and nei'kcloth. He proccedeii to the Opera, 
Bod took hU station rn Fops' Aller. Diirinj; 
the interval between the o|)eru and the liallet, 
ao acquaintance took hb station by him and 
Bolateil him : ' Come round,' toad Mattliews, 
'eome round.' — * Why should I come round i'* 
said the other ; ' you have only to turn your 
head — I H-in clone hy you.' — i ' That a ex- 
actly what I cannot do,' said Matthews ; 
'don't you see the state I am in ?' pointing 
to hi« buckram shirt collar and intiexible 
crarut, — unJ there he stiMid with his head 
always in the santc perpendicular position 
durinjz the whole s[HTtiiclc. 

"(hie cveiiinjr, after diniiig together, as we 
were goin^ to the Onera, 1 linpiwntiL to 
have a spare Opera ticket (a.i Milmcriber to 
B box), and presented it to Matthews. " Now, 
sir,* said he tu llohhouite afterwanU, ' lliis I 
call murfrrxw in the Altlwt — another man 
would never have thought that I might do 
better with halt' a f^ulnea than throw it to 
B d«K>r-kccper ; — but here in a man not 
only tisks mc to dinner, but fiives me a ticket 
for the theatre.' These were only his od- 
dilios, for no man u-iis more liberid, or oiore 
honourable in all hU dotnj,'H and dealing 
than Malthcwii. He gave Hobhouse and 
me, before we set out fbr C-onfitantiuoplc, a 
most ti]>lemlid entertiiinriicnt, tu whith we 
did auiple justice. One of his fancies was 
drninf; at al! sorts of oul-of-thc^wuy places. 
Someltoily popped uiK>n him in I know not 
what coffee-house in the .Strand — and what 
do you tliinii wa.t the attraction V Why, 
that he paid a shilLinn; (I think) to dine wi/i 
bis hnt (i«. Thi.i he adled hia ' hat houhp,* 
nod used to bonst of the comfort of being 
covered at meal-times. 

" When Sir Henry .Smith wns expelled 
from rambridge for a row with a trudcsman 
named • lliron.' Matthews solaced hiiniieU' 
with shouting iiiicJer Hiron's windows every 

"' Ah itift 1 kIuU iwriU dt» t-ii»iron 

Tbo nan who mpibtlrs ultli hi/t Hirxm.' 

" He was ol-io of that hand of profane 
scoffers who, under the iiuspiees of • • • *, 
UHcd to wuMi l.ort Manuel (late Bishop of 
Bristot) from his slumliers in the lodge of 
Trinity ; and when he ap|K!ared at the 
window foaming wilh wnilh, and crying out. 
• I know you, gi'titlenien, I kiiow you !' were 
wont to reply, ' We beseech thee to hear ua, 

f^ood Lart ' — ' Good Lart deliver ua ! * f Loit 
was his chrlstiau name.) As be wns Terr 
free in his i^pcoulations ujion alt kindA of 
subjecu. allhuupli by no means either di*. 
solute or iiitempenUe in his conduct, and 
as [ was no Ieh.<4 independent, our coDVcr- 
satiofl and correspondence used to alarm our 
friend Uobhouse to a conridorable decree. 

" You iniiBt lie almost tired of my packeti, 
which will have cost a mint of postage. 
" Salute Giflbrd and oil my friendo. 

•' Yours, Ac." 

As already, Inifore hw arqaaintonce widi 
Mr. Matthews comnience<^]. Lont Bvron hod 
b%nm to bewilder hiniiicif in the niazcn of 
scepticism, it would be unjust to impute to 
this gentleman any ftirthcr bhare in the 
formation of his noble friend's opinions this 
what arose from the natural influence of ex- 
ample and sympathy ; — an iiiDufnce which, 
as It wuN felt [lerhapff equally on both diilcs, 
reodercd the contagion of their doi-lrines, in 
a great uicasure, rcc^rocal. In addition, 
tcKi, to ihtif community of sentiment on mcfa 
subjects, they were both, in no onlmirf 
dcji^rre. possessed by that daiijpcrous spirit a 
riijictric. whose impulse^i even (he pious 
cannot always restrain, and which draws the 
mind on, hy a sort of irresistible faacinnticia, 
to dif-port ilM;lf most wantonly on the brink 
of all that i.<i most solemn and awful. It is 
not wonderful, therefore, that, in sudi 
sofirty, the opinions of the noble poet 
should have beoi, at least, accelerated in 
that direction to which their bias already 
leaned ; and though he cannot be said to 
have become thus t-orifiniicd in tbcsc 
doctrines, — as neither now. nor nt any time 
of his life, was he a confirmed unbeliever,— 
he had nmlouhtodly Icirned to feel less 
uncahy under his scepticism, and even to 
mingle Komi-wlmt of bonst and of levity with 
his cipressioii of it. At thu- very first onart 
of his correspondence with Mr. Dallas, wc 
find him proclaiming his sentiments on all 
such subjects with a dijipancy and confidence 
far diitcrcnt from the tone in which he had 
first ventured on his doubtH. — from that 
fervid sikIiicss, ilh of u heurt loth to port 
with its illusions, which breather throng 
CT'cry line of those prayen. that, but a year 
before, his pen had tracetl. 

Here again, however, we should recollect, 
there must be a considerable Bharc of allow- 
ance for hi.s iiMial tendency to make the 
most and the worst of his own nbliquitira. 
There occurs, indeed, in his first letter to 
Mr. Dallas, an biManrc of this Htrangv am- 
bition,— tbc very reverse, it must be allowed, 
of hypocrisy,— which led him to court, rather 
than avoid, the reputation of profligacjr, and 







to pot. It nil tinics, the worst face on bis 
owa chancier odiI t'unilui't. His new cpr- 
re^ODiJciit baTing, in iniroduciug hiiusclT to 
His ocquaintancvi pBWcd some cainpllments 
on the toDc of mond and L'liariuihli: fueling 
which brcuthctl throuj^h unc of his poems, 
hud wlJi'd, thill it " tmiiight tii hut ndnd 
snorhcr itohlt* utithor, who was not only a 
Gnc poet, orator, nnd historinn, but unc of 
the CKwe«t rvHAoners we hnve on the truth of 
that religion of which largiveiic»8 a a pronii- 
neiit principle, the great and gpod Lord 
Lytticton, whose fame will never die. Ills 
son," iklii^ Mr. Dalbut. " to «hom he hud 
tnBBmittnl (tcnius. but not virtuo. sparkled 
for a moment and «xnt out like a star. — 
aad witti him the title tKrciuni: rxtinct." To 
tluK Lord fi>Ton wiKwera in the fallowing 
letter ; — 

Icnra 99. TO MR. DALLAS. 

* Oonat'i Hotel. Aitmnarta Stratt. Ju. V. IIWL 


** Your letter was not rccdred till this 
morning, I presume from being addressed to 
IN in NuttK., wlxre 1 have not reraded since 
Int June ; and as t}ie date is the 0th, you will 
cicuse the drluy of my answer. 

"If the Utile volume you mention haa 
pwn pleasure to the author of Penipaf and 
JUny, I lun suflifientlv repaid by hi» praise, 
nwugh our periodical censont hove been 
ttcommonly lenient, tconfeiin a trihiilefrom 
■ Hum of acknowledged geiiiiu is Ktill more 
btterinj;. But I am nfraid I .-^iiould forfeit 
ill daini to candour, if I did not decline Huch 
pnuM as 1 do not deserve ; and thi^ h, I 
■n Kury to say, the case in the present 

" My compositions imcak for thcm.ielvcs, 
■nd must stand or &U by il^ir own worth 
or demerit : Onufar I fiK-l hi^^lilvRnitifieil by 
)t)ur fiivourable opinion. But niy {jrcteiiHiiiiin 
to Ttftuc are unluckily rtu few, that though I 
ibuuld be ha|my to merit, ! eaimot aft-ept, 
vour a[^) in that respect (.>ne pa&nage 
in your letter struck me forcibly : you 
Dkcndon th« two Lords Lyttleton* in the 
Muner they respectively descri'e, and will 

;hp '■'-■\ to httir the person who t& now 

, nu huB tit-tiij iTLHjui'iuJy compared 
-..(, 1 know lam injuriufr myself 
eatccm by thu avowal, bia the cir- 
tcc was BO remarkalilti from your 
ohstirvation, that I cannot help relutlnf; the 
bet. The events of my »hort life have been 
of 8o ungalar a nature, that, though the pride 

■ Cbvoctsn In th* bokI ctl\eA Penitmt. 
* Tfci* tfpml tu lb* Inuclruulon of hto cMrwtpendmt 
•M oM aHoyatbor wHhoot eflbct. — " 1 MntUtrad," 

commonly called honour has, and 1 trust ever 
will, prevent me from di^racinu my name by 
a mum or t-owuxijly action. I have h<:cn 
alreody held up as the votary of liceniinus- 
nuati, and the duw-iple of infidelity. How 
&r justice may have dictated thi-s accusation, 
I cannot pretend to say ; but. Like the f;eii- 
J/flVUM to whom my relicioiiH friends, in the 
warmth of their charity, have already dtn'oted 
me. I am made worse than 1 really am. 
However, to quit myself (the worst thane 
1 could pitch u|Kin), and return to my 
poems, I cannot ituflicieutly express my 
thatdis, and I hope 1 shall some day have on 
opportunity of.rcndering then in person. A 
ttecoml ediuon is now in the press, with 
some additionu and connderahle omissions ; 
you will allow me to present you with a 
copy. The Critical, Moiilhly, and Anti- 
Jacobin Keviews have been very indulgent ; 
but the Eclectic has pronounced a furiouB 
Philippic, not against tne ltou& but the nuMcr, 
where you will find all I have mentioned 
wwcrteil by a reverend divine who wrote the 

Your name and connection with our 
iamily have been long known to me, and I 
hope your person will be not less so : you 
will find me an excellent compound of a 
* Brainless' and a ' t>laDhope.' ' I am afraid 
vou will hardly be able to read this. fi>r my 
hand is almost us bad as my [-lianuter ; hut 
you will find me. as lei>ibly as possible. 
*' Your obliged and ot>e«lient servant. 

" BVHON." 

There is here, evidently, a degree of nride 
in Ikuii; thaui^lit lo re»eml)Ie the Hu-ked 
Lord Lyttleton ; and, lest his known irre- 
gularities thotild not bear him out in the 
Crctension, he refers mysteriously, as was 
ia habit, to ctrtiiin niitutd rveut-s of his Ufc, 
to warrant the parallel.' Mr. Dallas, who 
seems to hnve been but Hitle jirepuri'd Un 
such a reception of his complimenls, escujKra 
out of the difficulty bv transferring to the 
young lord's " caniiour the praihc hclnid so 
dmnkk'sisly besto\^'ed on his mafal-s in gene- 
ral i atlduig, that from the design Lord Hynui 
had expressed in his prefiice of resigning the 
service of the Mums for a diftcrtnt vocation, 
he had " conceived ium bent on pursuits 
which lead to the cliamcier of a legututor 
nnd statesman ; — hud imagmed him iit one 
of the universities, training himself to habiia 
of reasoning and elu<|ucnce, and storing up n 
Large fimd of history and hv," It ie in reply 

on ttmr •ewrrnncrj n> tkt tttU *»Ttitt pat4 «^ Am V«. 
ralhvr Mjtmr fttprU Uua w a tnM porUvU." 






to thin Itrttcrthst the exposition of the noble 
poet's opinions, to wnich I have above 
alluded, ui rontalncd. 

Lrrram 31. TO MR. DAIXAS. 

"Dorant'*, JantuTjrSI. 1109. 


" Whenever leisure and inclination per- 
mit me the pleasure of a visit, I shall feci tniljr 
gratified in » pcrsohitl iiciiuauiUince wilh one 
vhonc mind has l>cen long known to me in 
his writings. 

" You arc so for correct in your conjcct\irc, 
that I am a member of the Uiiiveraitv of 
Cambridge, where 1 shall take my degree 
of A. M. this tcmi j but were reasoning, 
eloquence, or virtue, the objects of my seurch, 
Gninlu b not their niclrofiolis, nor is the 

{jiace of hrr Kittinlion an ' El Dtirado,' fiir 
ess on Utopia. The intellects of her children 
are lu ^ttngnant as Iht Cutn, ami tliL-ir purKiiitK 
limited to the chtu'ch — not of Christ, but of 
the nearest benefice. 

" As lo my reading, I believe I may aver, 
without hyperbole, it has been tolerably 
extensive m the historicHl departtnent ; so 
that few uuticiut cxbl, or have existed, with 
wlu>»c records I am not in some degree ac- 
qoatntcd, from Herodotus down to (libbon. 
Of the clnasics, I know about as much as 
most 9chool-bov5 after a discipline of thirteen 
years ; of the law of the lun<I aa much im 
envies me to keep * within the statute' — to 
U>C the pnHdiiT's vocaliulary. I did study 
rile ' Spirit of Laws ' and the Law of 
Nations ; biit when I saw the latter violated 
every month, 1 gave up my attempttf at so 
ludeas an accomplishment : — of geogniphy, 
I have seen more land on maph tlMin 1 should 
wish to traverse on foot ; — of matht-niiuics, 
enough to give tnc the htiu]ii>c:b without 
clearing the pan affected ; — of philosophy, 
astronomy, and mc-taphvMCs, more thnn I can 
comprehejid ■ ; and of common si} little, 
that 1 mean to leave a Byroniun prize at 
each of our ' Almic MutrV's' for the first 
discovery, — though I nitJLiir fejir that of the 
lon^tude will precede it. 

" I once thought myself a philosopher, and 
talked nonsennc with f^rcal dei-orutii : 1 fli-fied 
pain, and preached up equantntity. For Kome 
time this did very well, for no one wait in 
pain for mc but my frininde, and none lost 
thior iiatience but my hcurerh. At \asl, a 
fall from my horse convinced mv bodily 
xuffbriiig was an evil ; aiul th** worst of jui 
argument overact my maxims and my temper 

■ 11« appvcn to ban hnd Id Ui memorr " Voltalre'i 
UvAly Huntu aT Zadl|'* learning: "II urait df^ U mt- 
tapliTiiqaD ev qu'on do a ni dwu uui kt ftgei, — c'«t i 
dlra, fort pcu da cboic," Ac 


* TV dactrin* ol Uumr, who re«altM all rlrivt tnto 
■nitlin»ni< — Soe hi* ■' EiKjtilrjr r«acenan( Ui« Priik- 
dpln of Uonti." 

Ht tlie same moment : so I quitted Zeno for 
Aristippus, and conceive that pleasure cotk- 
Ktitute^ the ro c«\«^. [In morality. I prefer 
Confucius to the Ten Comminidments, and 
tjocrates to St. I*aul, though the two latter 
agree in their opinion of marriage. In re- 
ligion, I fuvour the (.'atbutic ei»anripation, 
but do not acknowledge the Pope : and 1 
have refused to take the sacrament, because 
I do not think eating breatl or drinking wine 
from the hand of au earthly vicar will moke 
me an inheritor of heaven,] 1 hold virtue, 
in gent-nil, or the rirtuea severally, to be only 
in the disposition, each afccltng, not a priiv 
ciitle. * I l>clievc truth the prime attribute 
of the Deity, and death an eternal sleep, at 
least of the body. You have here a brief 
compcmliimn of the sentiments of the tttotflf 
Oeurge Ltird Byron ; luiit, till I get a new 
suit, yuu will perceive I am badly clothed. 
1 remain." Ac. 

Though such woB, doubtless, the general 
cast of bis opinions at this time, it must be 
recollected, before wc attach any particular 
importance tn the details of his creed, that, 
in addition to thu temptation, nei'er eanily 
resisted by him, of displaying his wit at the 
expense of his character, he was here atl- 
drcstiing a person who, though, no doubt, 
well mcaniiw, was cridcntly one of those 
ofhciouB, Beli-«atisficd advisers, whom it was 
tht; *UrUght of 1-ord Byron at all tiroes to 
astonish and vutntify. The tricks ntiich^ / 
when a boy, he played upon the Nottingham u. 
quack. Lavender, were but the first of a \oxm 9 
series with which, through Life, he amusea jl 
himself, at the expense of all the numerous // 

auacks whom his celeJ>rity and sociability /' 
rew around him. 
The term?! in which he speaks of the 
imiversity in this tetter agree m HpirK with 
many passages both in the " Houn of 
Idleness," and his early Satire, and prote 
that, while Harrow vvlh rcmeml>cred by bin 
w-ith more aftectioa, perhaps, than respect, 
CamhridgL' hail not been able to iitnpire htm 
with cither. Thu fueling of distaste to his 
"nursiaf: mother " he entertained in common 
with MMiic of the itio»t illuKtrioun names of 
Kngliab literature. So great was Milion's 
hatred to Cambridge, that he had even con- 
ceived, Bjiyn Warttm, a dislike to the face of 
the country, — to the Fields in its neighlKnir- 
hooil. The poet Gray thus apcaks of the 
same university : — " huruly, it was of this 
place, now Combiidgc, but formerly known 




bgr the Mine of Bahjlon. tlint the prophet 
inoke when he sniil, * The wil«l liea.<tts nt tlii: 
deMTts shall dwell there, aiid tlieir houses 
ihaU be full of doleful creQturos, and owU 
rilftli baitd ibere, aiul satyrs shall dance theru.'" 
AcAx. The bitter recollcctiotus which (iib- 
bon retained of Oxford, \m own pen has rc- 
corde4l;an<l theooolcontempthywhich Locke 
vrengcdhiuisclfan the bi^otnaftUe Hani ir Kent 
of learning i& even still mure iiieiiiO'ruble.' 

h poets njch distasteful recollections of 
tbdr collegiate life niay well be thou^'ht tu 
hne their origin in that antipathy to the 
nnunek of discipline, which It not unusually 
ofaMTvable among the chararteristics of ge- 
oini, nnd which nucht hn regnriJrd, indeed, ax 
s sort of inntinrt, implanted in it fttr its own 
pCMmrstion, if there Ih; any truth in the 
Opinion that a course of learned education 
B hurtful to the freshness and elasticity of 
rile iouiginative faculty. A rijrht reverend 
niters, but httle tu l>e suHfiected of any 
denre to depreciate acodeinicul studies, not 
ttdj paCa the question, " Whether the usual 
faftni of leaniinfc Iw not mther injurious to 
the true poet, than rcully af^alitiiig to hini ?" 
but ^ipeUB strongly disposed to answer it 
iilfae aflinnative, — giving, as on instance, 
io fipTOor of this conclusion, the dassic 
AikfiaoD, who, " as appears," he &ays, " fi'om 
■ame arigiiial eflbrts in the sublime, a1le;ro> 
linl wajr, bad no want of natural talcnt.s for 
Ibe^ipcster poetr)", — which yet were so 
*f***''*f 1 ana disabled by his constant nnd 
npendtiotts study of the old claKsicx, Uuit 
he waf, a feet, but a verv ordinary poet." 
Vaa« DO doubt, under xoniu Mich im- 
of the malign influence of a col- 
aanosphcre ujton genius, thut Milton, 
ilcing of Cftuibridge, gave vent to the 
that it was " a place uuiEc in* 
caapaiible with the votaries of PbtcbuM," 
iDd tbact Lord Byron, vcntit^'inj; a thought of 
hia own. in the letter to Mr. Dallas jintt giv en, 

" Sir H«Unm U duller than Iht Can." 

ne poet T>r)'dcn, too. who, like Milton, 
lad inrurrvil »oaie mark of disgrace at 
Cmtbritl^ seems to have entertninrd btit 
Eule more veneration for his AtinrL Miitrr ; 
■d the verses in which he hits pniisetl 
OtSard at the expense of his own university > 
voi^ it ii proboUc, dtcuted much lefui by 

* SHMaLtfUTln Anthmy CoIUbi, inB-1, whirr* )U) 
1fmi*at *Umm tharp btadi, wtiWi <n<rr Tor ddnnlni 
M bMt. tMcauM (4 tu lUftcnunwlnc ibe tuple com- 
BiAtv •# tih* (iliM> vhlcb to Ua Unv wu caQcd hag*' 

■ Hart, " DlieDiiraM ■■ pMliaU InlUtkm." 

admiration of the one than by a dcaire to 
spite and depreciate the other. 

Nor is it genius only that thus rebels 
i^ratnKt the diNcipUnc of the schiKils. Even 
the tamer quality of Taste, which it is the 
profeNSisl iHijert of cliucsiral Ktlidies to cul- 
tivate, is sometimes found to turn rehtive 
under the pedantic imiicffe to which it is 
siihjected. It was* not till released from the 
duty of reading Virgil tu> n ta&it, thut (iray 
could feel himself capable of enjoying the 
l>eiuit}c!< of tlial poet; and Lord Byron was, 
to the lust, unable to vanijui^li a. biiuilitr pre> 
possession, with which the same sort of 
school a^ksociation luid inucutatcd him, against 

** Though TlBic hitth Uuigbt 

ilf ro\M to mcdila t ii what tbrn fl li'am'd, 
Tf( >ucti eba flx'd tarw tt r a cy moughi 
Ity tliB ImgwUittin* of Riy varly Ihouglit, 
Tbal, with the tmhae»» wcaHnit out twCcifS 
Mf mtnd tuuld rtldh what ll might have MUgbt, 
If tnm to chootc, I cannDt nvw mtoir 
Its bcwllfa I but wbal It ihcD cktnttd. itlli ablrar. 

" l^cn lareweU. Horace : whom I Iul«d to. 
Not fur thy riulta, but ininn i tt ti a cutm 
To underttand, nnt (tv\ Uijr In^e Bow, 
lb Mniirehenil. but never love Ihy vcrie." 

CkOdc UaroU, Csnto IV. 

To the list of eminent poets, who have 
thus left on record their dislike and di»i|v 
pruvul of the English itystem of education, 
are to be 'ailded the dit^tinguLsbed n(inur<t 
of Ctowley, Addison, and Cowpcr ; whiJe, 
among the cases which, like those of Milton 
and Drydcn, practically denionMtmti; the Kort 
of inverse ratio that may exist betn-een 
college honours and gcnnts, must not be 
foi^ttcn those of Swift, (.toldsmilh, and 
Churchill, to every one of whom some mark 
of incompetency was affixed by the respective 
uiiivcrsilu'8, wlK.nK-aiina]N theyiulorn. When, 
ill addition, too, to this rather ample eatiUugue 
of puetK, whom the unlviTsitiea have aent 
forth either dialoyal or di»Konuured, we come 
to nun]il>cr over such naineii us tho5c of 
Shalc^peare anil of Pope, followetl by Gay, 
ThoinN<m, Burns, C'hnitcrtcn, &c., all of 
whom have attained their resnerlive stations 
of eminerce, without iiiNtnictiun or sanction 
from any college whatever, h tbrms altogether, 
it must be owned, a large portion of the 
poetical world, that raiist be siilKiticle*! from 
the sphere of that nursing inducnce which 

■ [** Ovhjrd to blm ■ Atntt nun* •baU tw 
Than hti nwn tnothaf-utiltmitjr i 
The4ict illil hU tnva, uuluiuviiif rouQi Cflfv* * 
llo diontc* Alheii* In hia rl)icr agv," 

liryiem-M ftvhgme Ic He Umnfrtitg qf O^rO-} 




thr nnivcniiticM arc supposed to excrcuc 
tivLT tlif itfiiiiis of the country. • 

The following Icttcnt, written at this iiitic. 
i-iiiiluin somii iHnruculars which will not be 
found uiiiiitcresung. 


" Dnrant'* Hotel. Ita. L3. IMS. 

* My dear Sir. 

" Til roll j-h the wupitUtyof my servants, 
or the t«)rtcr of the boiise, in not almwinf; 
you up stnirs (where I ahould have joined 
you dirwdy). prtvcnted me the pkiisiirc of 
sct-iuK y"U vcsterdny. I hopet] to uieet you 
At some public pltwt- in the evening. How- 
CTcr, my Ktnrs decreed otherwise, tis they 
Itcnemllv do, when I have any favour to rt- 
uucst ul ihcm. I think you wuuld have 
been suqinNwi at my figure, for, since our 
ItAt niivtiiig, I am reduccil four stone in 
weight. I then weighed fourteen atone 
Bevwi imund, and now only ten ttont and a 
hatf. I hare duposod of m; luprrfimtin by 
BWaiu of hard exerriKr Htid alisUnciice. 

*• ShouKI vour Harrow tnpus-'ments allow 
you to \Tsit town between this and Fehnmn', 
I sbnll be mcMt hnpp}' to see you in Albemnrle 
Street. If I am not so fortunate, I shall 
endeavour to join yon for an aAenioon at 
Harrow, thoui;h, 1 fear, your cellar will Ity 
fw mcaiM eotttrihiitc to my cure. As for luy 
worthy preceptor. Dr. iJ.. our encounter 
would by DO means prevent the mk/mo/ <r». 
datnucnU he and I were wont to lavish on 
each other. We have only spoken once 
riiKC my departure fr»im Iliirr»>w in I WIS, 
and then be |>ol)leIv told Taterudt [ was not 
K proper osMtcintc \<^t his pupils. This was 
mv oelbrc my strictures in «'rsr ; IkiI, in 
{dun unur. ha^ I been some yvan older, I 
riwula have held my tonjruc on his per- 
ftctioiM. But. being Udd on my back, wnen 
that «cboolhoy thti^ was written — or rather 
dictated — esEpccting to rise no more; my 

I f K> I) itiw «f aid—J BfcnMlBii 9m wwt, or »gi 
ta^ plWHi ««i nfknan l» Mkak mi* « Mr- Moon 
MM Mt OMn^ dhMF, tal tuliidTClr. to b* ihfaUw 
iT l> «Ui 4Mrib«. Tto pwi f*|«t h la ^(fva Bw 
ft* A* Aclwt* ar *M> **• wMdi MdMr iM * 
rfiht la dMMad taM to BMalwt ! «C artclaal iMtai 
Wi« •• nm M IMM«n k ■}««■ hv hMB. the kMcbM* 
»Mtli nwwm b« fccliMiil *■ tfcg i*»ew< of tkA «trv 
wrWrnarj f« an Mt calkM to b» mMtj. or ««m «■ 
wmfymmUimwk. W< m9 vwj ttt ft— —tit^Mtn 
I MdMMl q«M wgbt Mt t» te MaaUmUy 

1 T I" ir I iiiri I iiiii iMii'tn iipii n n 

krt IttoaottaMcti 

gwwaf iWiwy ^riiiw ■« h « ■« UM? » he Ibf. 
wmtmL no- CM arm M bMlar iHifaw thn to Irri. 
Mo or m m mn m ^* oMIif faeo of tiMrim (tihia 

idiyKicijui having taken hi^ sixteenth fee. and 
hi.s pre^-icription, 1 could not quit this earth 
without (caving a memento of mv constant 
attachment to Kntlcr in gratilutle for hia 
manifold good offices.^ 

" 1 mcaot to hare been down in July ; but 
thitikinu niy appearance, immediately after 
the puhiication, would he com>trued mto an 
insult, 1 directed my steps elsewhere. 
Bchtdt-f), 1 heiird thnt some of the boyn had 
got hold of my Libellus, contrar)- to my 
winhm cert:iinly, fur I never tnuiAuiitted a 
single copy till Oclol>cr, when 1 gave one to 
n boy, since gtwc, after repealed iro|)ortunitics. 
You will, Itni»t,p:irdonthisecotii)ni. A^^ou 
hud tuuchei! en the aubject 1 thought vome 
explanation nece&sor}'. Defence I nhall not 
attempt, ' Hie muru.>i aheneuK esto, nU con- 
Kcire sibi ' — and ' so on ' (as Lord Baltimore 
said on hia trial for a rape) — 1 have been so 
long at Trinity as to foraet the conclusion of 
the line ; but thoush 1 cannot finish my 
quotation, I will my letter, and entreat you to 
liclicvc me, grttteiiilly and affectionately^ Ac. 

" P. S. I will nut lay a tax on your lime 
by requiring an answer, lest you say. as 
Butler said toTatenuill(whcn I had written 
his mercncc an impudent epi»iClc on the 
expression before mentioned), viz. * that I 
wanted to draw hiin into a corrcspundeuce."* 

Lvrm S. TO MR. lUmNESS. 

'• tkiranl'* HetA. AlBn—rtB Ettcai, Pdk 1 1. fMa. 

" My dear llameu, 

" As I had no opportunity of rct u rmng 
my verbal thanks, I tnwt yon will iircc|K my 
written acknowledgments for the compb- 
nieiit YOU were nleased to nay some pnv 
diietion of my unltirky nniw; last NornnbcT, 
— 1 am induced to Ao ihis not less from the 
pleasure I feel in the praise of an old school- 
Irltow, than from justice to ^-ou, for I had 
hoard the stonr with some shght rariatlDna. 
Indeed, when we met this moniin^ ^i^Hi^ 

vtaoBi a toor* maVorloai or iwto joM Oam «f na 
caaMtboHawtfl, mA lo > — y lt ^ oftie — cy. p». 
bdonm. a*d Ibo riUy anUdM of kMviM a Uofe tf 
en*7 tUoc, to • tWaf yulhw . diiilj man Umi 
mtoa^ tt««d wth taA iliitiiii "— O—rww^ 
Awirw, lai. 

- IWr aMr MJ f«t «r tUi Hofi^fej b OM vUdi 
wlMw to ■yttoi*! odk^Hki awaaiw* iw ooo tf 

lartwy.tofcHlwy Mwiwoof iLM»li^i«i»i W 
iito fcOoa.— — I pMfc^ I g^^■fT■^i^f— ha» m* « few rf 


ttm. tm C^M I.atl haavtoto todi 

«ta*Mo««L loa] 




field liad not undcoeired lur; Init he will tell 
vtni that I dimlayed no reiienltiicnt in tucn- 
ti'viiny whti I hod bctird, thouuh I was not 
»orry to discoTer the tnith. Ferliiips yon 
karilly rccoLkct, •oint.' yvata tt^o, u fltunt, 
though, for the time, a n-iimi frii-ndship be- 
twoca UA. Why it was not ol'longcr duration 
I know Dot. 1 have Htill a gitl ot* y"<i[> in 
injr poftsesBion, that niuKt always prevent rnc 
mn fergectuij; it. I aUo rcmeiulier being 
bfDnred with the pcnisai of nmny iif yiiur 
eanpoatun, anil aevcnU other rirciim- 
riwea Tcry pleasant In their day. which I 
wfll Dot force upon }'Our memory-, hut eDtreal 
JTW to bdicTc me. with nnicli rccrct at their 
■hurt continuance, and a hope tney are not 

•* Youn Twy mnccrcly, &c. 

'" BVROS." 

i ha>e already mentioned the enrly friend- 
ihip tllAt aubKtstcd hct^-een this geiillcinan 
no Lord Bjron, as wdl m ihe coolnew 
that auccecded it. The foIlowiiiR extract 
from a letter with which Mr. Ihkmess fa- 
Wured mc in plucin}: ul luy di.<>p(>.<iid those of 
Ilia nohle correspondent, will cx[iUuti the 
drctunstanoea tliat led, at this time, to their 
fecoDcSflaieot ; and the cimdid triliute, in 
ibe con ri adiDi: sentenceA, to Lord Hyron, 
viU be fbmd not les«> ttonoiindilc to the re- 
nrmd writer hiniiM'lf thnn to hiH friend. 

* A eoolotts iifterwurds arose, which 

Byroo ailudev to in the first of the ticcoiti- 

paajring leCten, and wc never ^ke during' 

Ibe laat vtmr of his remaining at .srhotil, 

sor tiU aner the publication of his ' Hours 

ttlMencm,"^ Lord Bjron was then at Cum- 

hridge ; I, in one ul the upper funnK, at 

Harro*-. In an English theme I hupiKned 

to ouutc Croni the volume, and mention it 

vita praiae. It wn-t ropurted to Hvrun thnt 

I bad. on the contrary. !vpoken filightiiiitly of 

ksiwork and of himself, fur the purpotie of 

DOociliiLtiii^- the favour of Dr. Uiillcr, the 

mner. who had been eieverely satiriKed In 

DBe vf the popiiiH. Wingfteld. who was af> 

hrvarda Lord I'owcrscourt. n mutual friend 

rf Byron anil loyjiflf, disabuseil him of the 

nror iota which he luuJ Ikih le<I. and this 

■»!w (he occnsion of the first leticr of the 

'•ilcrtion. Our intimacy was renewed, 

NJ continued from that tune till his goin:; 

^^f^iad. Whiitcvcf fatilcs Lord Uyroii niii:ht 

i-ife fand townrdx othcm, to myself he wtLi 

Ivan uniformly oUix'tiimotr. I have many 

'iithU and nei;lecL9 towards him to rfimmch 

■'T^elf with J but [ eoimot call to mind o 

■ Ir mvtaiice of caprice or iiiikinttnciw, in 

i...le cour»t of uur fricudship, to allege 

■::m\M him." 



" irOlBS UP l[>Lt:NE:i3." — IT* r.PftXT. — 
AM> KRIIiKTON. — I'l'iilLlSW. — KK»l- 




LUHU UTBON's majority. 

In the spring of this year (1806) ai^ 
[mired the inrtiionihle critique iip<in the 
" lluurs of Idleness *" in the Euiidnirgli 
Review. Tliat he h:id nome notice ofwhtit 
was to be expoctetl Ihim that nuarlcr, appears 
by the following letter to nis friend, Mr. 


" UmtuU'i Hotel, Fi^.lG. ISOt. 

" My dear Bccher. 

" Now (or Apollo. I urn h»ppy that 
you .still retain your prcdik-clion, mid that 
the public allow mc some shnre of pnusc. 
I am of so much importance thiit a most violent 
attack is iirepiuiiijt for mc In the next number 
of the Edinburgh Kc\'iew. This I hiid fnim 
the authority of a friend who has Heeti tlie 

Eruuf mid mamiscript of the critique. You 
now the system of the Edinburgh gcntltv 
mm is universal attack. They praise none t 
and neither the public nor the author expects 
pnusc from tliem. It is, however, something 
to be noticed, as they profess to tnws jmlg- 
lueiit only on works re<juirini; the piibb'c 
attention. You will see tlii» when it comes 
out ; — it U, I understand, of the most un- 
merciful description ; but I am aware of it, 
and hope you will not be hurt by its so- 

** "tell Mm. Byroo not to be out of humour 
with them, nnd tti prepare her mind for the 
grentcat ho<)tility on then- part. It will do tm 
injury whatever, and I trust her mind will 
not be ruffled. They defeat their object by 
indiwriininaic abuse, and they never nraise 
except the porlisaxis of l-c»nl Holbuul imd 
(.V>. It is nothing to be abused when 
Southey, Moore, Lauderdale, Stnuigford, 
and Payne Ktiijiht, shart.- the mme Udc. 

" I am sorry— but 'Childish Kecollc\*lion*' 

miuit be suppressed during this edition. X 

have altered, at your suggeation, the s6- 

F 8 


na-riota idiutiont in the xixth Ktaruai ofiny 
last ode. 

•* Ami now, my dear Bccbcr, I must re- 
turn my beat acknnwledgnients for the iii- 
terftt you huve tukcn in mc mid my poeticiil 
iKiiitlmgs. and I slioU ever be proud to sliow 
how much I esteem the fu!vice and the ad~ 
mrr. Believe mc mast truly," &c. 

Soon after this letter a|>|)eared the dreadnt 
article, — an lutJcle which, if not " wiity 
in itself," deserved eminently the credit of 
cniisinj' "wit in other*." Seldom, indeed, 
hus it fallen to the lot of the juitcst criticism 
to Btttun celebrity such as injustice has pro- 
cured UiT this ; nor as long as the short, hut 
glorious race of Byron's Ltnius is rcmemberccl, 
can the critic, whoever he may be, that so 
imintentioiully ministered to its first start, be 

It i« but jiwiic-c, however, to remark, — 
without nt the sunie (ime intending nn-if ex- 
cuse for the contemptuous tone of ciitict^m 
assumed by the reviewer, — lliut the early 
vcD«a of Lord Bjtou, however distinguisiheil 
hy tendtrnesa and grace, give but little pro- 
iiiise of tho« duzzlmg miracles of poesy with 
which hi' ufierwjtnlHnstonbihfil and enchanted 
the world ; and thoi, if his youthful verses 
now have n. perulinr rharmi in our eyes, it is 
bcenusc we reai) them, &s it were, by the 
li<:ht oi [\\s subsequent gtory. 

Thtrc is, indeetl, one |>oint of Mcw, in 
which these productions are dec'tilv and in- 
trinaically interesting. As fiiiUifKl rcHec- 
tions fif his character at that period of life, 
they enable us to judge of whnt he was in 
bis yet unadultcrutcd state, — lidfore dis- 
apiMuntmtiil had begun to embitter hi^ 
ardent spirit, or the -ttirring up of the en- 
ergies of his nature had brou^'ht into acti\-ity 
alw its defects. Tracing hiui thus through 
these natural cfTiLsums ot Iuk young gcmius, 
we find him pictured exactly such, in all 
the features of his chanirte-r, as every nnec- 
dote of liis Imyish days proves him really to 
have been, proud, daring, and passionate, 
— resentful of slight or injustice, but still 
more so in the cause of others than in hi* 
own ; and yet, with nil this vehemence, docile 
&n<l placable, at the lea-st touch of a hand 
authorised by love to guide him. The 
afl'cctionatcncAs, indeed, of hi.1 diapci?iitian 

• [" ThL« li MbnlnMn, — all builbit tut wnbntca In 
which n tm thv luuid of « mau uf Cneit rf^llnxi And 
f^aliu Crylnic In vain %a *a>h tlip gtr^tj r»rr of • itdpEil 
flamlrrvr, inon: bopctefilr \Auk. ttkan ui EUiUiji** ^In." 
— Wiixtw. 

•■ Mr. Moore 'walk* dclicAtely,* (Ike A|ac, wkra tiw 
COUiie of hli nwratlvp hrlngt him to (In- triinil<Tit crl- 
tlqiip flfl ttirae lioylih niaj*. i>til4:)i ajippArtNl In liin 
T.dltiburRli Rr*lr«- Illifix-ira illilliuiiiUliril Ttcilinutil 
prop of thu JoumAl, ba trriKi clrfuitlji- lutd cloqumttjr 


traceable as it is through every page of tlin 
volume, lA yet but fuintlv done justice to, 
even hy himself, — his whole youth liciog,&oin 
earliest childhood, a scries of the nKtst nas- 
sionute attachments. — of those overflowmgi 
of the soul, both in fnendship and love, which 
arc still more rarely responded to than fell, 
and which, when oiecked or sent back upoo 
the hcurt, arc sure to turn into bitterness. 

We hare seen also, in some of his early 
unpubli^ihal poems, how apparent, even 
through the doubts that already clouded 
them, arc those feelings of piety which a 
8011I lUce his cotdd not but poescss, and 
which, when afterwardji diverted out of their 
legitimate channel, found a vent in the poe^ 
ical wort^hip of nature, and in that abaoowj 
^ulKititute for religion which Euperstitioii 
offers. Wlien, in addition, too, to these 
traits of early character, we find scattered 
thrimgh hts youth5d poems such anticipa- 
tions of the glory that awaited him, — such^ 
altcrnutetv. proud and saddened glimpiies 
into the futiuv, as if he already felt the ele- 
ments of something great within him, but 
doubted whether his destiny would allow 
him to bring ii forth, — it is' not wonderful 
that, with the whole of his career present 
to 4nir imaginations, we should see a lustre 
round thexe firnt puerile attempts not realty 
their own, but jthed bacJt upon them from 
the bright eminence which he nftcrwards ai- 
tmtml ; and that, in our iudignutiun agoinat 
the fastidious l)ltndneK.s of the critic, we 
biiould forget that he had not then the aid 
of this reflected charm, with which the uub- 
seouent achievements of the poet now ir. 
radiate all that beurn his name. < 

The effect this criticism prothured upon 
him can only be ccinrdved by those who, 
besides having an adequate notion of what 
most poets would feel under such an attack, 
con understand all that there wus in the 
temper and disposition of Lord Byroa to 
moke him feel it with tenfold moreocutencss 
thim Olivers. We have seen with what fi> 
vcrish anxiety he awaitpii the verdicts of all 
the minor Ilcviews. and. fmm his sensibility 
to the praise of the meanest of these cen- 
sors, may gues« how painfiiHy he must lure 
writhed under the sneers of Ujc highat. 
A friend, who found him in the first moments 

on Uii) (ubjMl. tnd cttitlrivn to drnp no bint of wkal 
ertpfjf biuruui brlnir r*1t xt the that to Iw tbe llnipta trutb 
of tttP whole iraltCT — to wit. thu OOt of tb* tbciUMUd 
and oiM volume* of Indtflttrmt Torte, wYAA hapip^aad 
U be firintnt i» thw viru of grsc«. IWl, oolj oiM bora 
<« nnblr nunc oa Uic ttUK-pagfl ; and llw opportual^ of 
IniulUuit a lord, undi-r pretcit of tiiiaonlifaiait « po«t- 
utrr, wn* tOip biRipting tC )>« il«litH), In ■ pUtlcuUr 
qiiarur, U CtU (ni^culju- |in>«." — ttiwnlff^y linitw, 




oTexcitcnient after rcailintf the article, in- 
fared anxiously whether he hod Just rt-- 
cervctl ft challenge, — not knowing how 
cbr to account (or the fierce defiance of ht!i 
Mu. It woulJ, iiiiiecij, be difTicuIt for 
•edptor or pointer to ima^ne a subject of 
■OR fearful beauty than the fine cuunte- 
MBCC of the roung poet mtint have exhi- 
bited in the collected ener^ of that crisis. 
Bis pride hail been wounded to the quick, 
and nis ambiiion humbled ;— but this feeling 
of hmmfartion liuted but for a moment. 
Tke Tcry roiction of hi^ Kpirit against ag- 
|Rsaion roused him to a full consciousnts^ 
olldscwn powers ■ ; and the pain and the 
itmae of the injury wenf for|;otttm in the 
froud certainty of revenge. 

Among the less Bcntimentnl effects of this 
Beriew upon hU mind, he used to mention 
that, oa the duy he read it, he drunk three 
bottles of claret to his own &hare after 
^ncr ; — that nothing, however, relieved 
Ilia) till he had piven vent to his indignation 
in rhyme, and that "after the first twenty 
linca, he felt himself considemlily better." 
His chief care, indeed, aflerwitrdn, wax unii- 
iMy devoted, — as we have seen it was, in 
Vke manner, itfire the criticism, — to allay- 
iag, aa fiu" ak he could, the sensitiveness of 
hk motlMr ; who, not having the luunc 
mocire or power to summoTi up a spirit of 
rtaiitmiwe'^ was, of cour^te, more hel[ilef4Aly 
alive to tfUs attack upon his tiune. and felt 
it fiir more than, after the first burst of in- 
figaacion, he did hinwieif. But the state of 
Im mind upon the subject will be be^it under- 
Mood frum the following letter. 

Lama ». 


•* I have lately received a copy of the new 
edition from Ridi.'e, and it in nigh time fur 
Be to rtAurn my best thanks to yotL for the 
trouble vou have taken in the »uperintend- 
eacr. "this I do most sincerely, and only 
negrcc that Ridge ha« not secondeil you as I 
CMld wifth. — at least, in the bindings, jm^xir, 
4c., of the copy he sent to me. HcHiaps 
ihme for the public may be more respectable 
iasuch articles. 

You have Been the Kdinburgli Rc^■iew, of 
tMinc. I rtgrct tliat Mrs. B^ron m so much 
tycd. For my own pert, these ' paper 

' ' 1^ ■ i|u*Itlj *CTT obwrrftbl'p In hamui nAliiri*, UiM 
■f tfiftmlOon vtilcb doM not •ntlrrij dbcountco and 
■HMiiVU. bM (Mbor acontrsrjr pfTcct.uMI llupltn lU 
•■Jl a lawni dMtt onHaarr vrmivdcLir tni nuxnanlmitr- 
li mBmoIbc 9ur tone lo oTcrramc tbn oppnattlan. «o 
M|pnl« tb» Mol. Mkd itT* h u dmUin with which 
Htmvtm u wooM aarer hAtc bem aoqiulntnl." — 
Sma, rVMlur 4< MMwm Narure. 

* C Dr. Jufacaoa'* ttfiy to the trUnd who atkcd him 

bullebi of the brain' have only taught me to 
sinndfire; and, as I have been lucky enough 
Upon the wliulc, my repose and uppctite are 
not discomposed. Pratl, the glcont-r, author, 
poet, &c. Sec, addressed & long rhyming 
eiiintle to me on the Hubject, by way of con- 
soklion ; but it was nut well done, no I do 
not send it, though the name of the innn 
might make it go down. TTie E. R\ have 
not ptrformcd their task well ; at Ira-st the 
literati tell me this ; and I think / could 
write a more uuri-astic critique on mytr// 
thun any yet publi!d]e<l. For iinfttuicc, in- 
stead of the remark, — ill-natured enough, 
but not keen, — about Macpherson, l(c|UO(ul 
reviewers) could have anid, 'Alas, this 
imitHtion only proves the osscrtion of Dr. 
Johnson, that many men, women, and rhil' 
drcn, could write such poetry aa Ossian's.*^ 

" I am thin and in exercise. During the 
spring or suminer 1 trust we shall meet. I 
hear Lord Ituihyn leaves Newstend in April. 
As Roon as he quits it for ever, I wish much 
yan woidd take a ride over, survey the 
niansiou, mid give mu your candid opinion 
on the most advisable mode uf proceeding 
with regard to the houtv. Enire itout, I ain 
cursedly dipped ; my debts, evtry thing in- 
clusive, will be nine or teji thousand before 
I am twcnty^jne. But I have reason to 
thiiik my pntpcrty will turn out lietter than 
general expectation mny conceive. Of New- 
stead I have little hope or care ; but Hanson, 
my agent, intimated my Lancashire projierty 
WHS worth three Newsteedi«. 1 believe we 
have it hollow ; though the defendants ore 
protracting the surrender, if jwissible, lilt 
after my majority, for the pm"|jo.-m of forming 
some arrangement with uie, thinking I bhall 
probably prefer a sum in haml to a reversion. 
Kewstead I mny leii : — perha|»i 1 will not, 
— though of that more anoii. 1 will come 
down iu May or June. 

" Yours most truly," Stc. 

The (iort of life which he led at thin periixl 
between the dissipations of London nml of 
Cambridge, without a home to welcoine, or 
even the roof of a single reliitive to receive 
him, was hut little (-aU-iduted to reiuler hinr 
Mitisfied either with himself or the world. 
Unrestricted as be was by deference to any 
will but his own 3, evett the pleasures to 

If am^ vum Uwtag couU have vrltUi) »uch a book li well 
Louwn : ' Yn, Stt ; many mrn. maaj wtmrv. uvd numy 
cklMrvQ.' I Inquired otfcJm my«elf If UiU ttaryvumu- 
tbontk. inl he uld It wu."— Mu. PioUl, Jo^mtom- 
•MM. 1>.M.l 

> '•Tbccnlaur<irmir«liol)>|ireliKen«nUTiucbMtb« 
thttt! o* four flr»l jt*rt In which we we n*ir own muun 
make It." — Cowik*. 

F 3 




vhich he was naturallv most inclinetl pre- 
miitiirely iiallett upnii liim, for wuiit of tlui-ie 
bust rests of all eryo\iiiciit, raritj* anil rtv 
straint. I have aln^y quoted, from one of 
his iK>te4>iM>ks, a puiKa^ <lcNcri[>tirc of hJN 
feelings on firbt going to Cainbriilgc, iu wbidi 
be says that " om- of the ilcidliest wid 
fceavtKNt fi^'lini^s of his life wiu to feel tliut 
he -was no longer a boy.'' — "From that 
moment (ho adds) I hegun to s">w old in my 
own CMtecm, iind in Diy esteem age is not 
c-sciciiul)k. I took my fi^datiouii in the vices 
with g^cat promptitudct but they were not 
tci iriy ta»tt; ; for my early pasiiions, though 
vioWut iu the extreme, were euncentratcd, 
luid hiited dlvuiun or lipreuduig abroad. 1 
eould have lc;tl or IohI the whole world with, 
or for, that which 1 loved ; hut, though my 
temperament was nalunJIy hurniiif;, I could 
not shniv in the commni>-pIftfelilviTtini8niof 
the place and time without disipi!^!. And 
yet this verj' dispist, and my heart thrown 
back upon itself, threw me into cxce^es 
perhnpft more fatal ihnn those from which L 
shrunk, as lixing upon one (at a time) the 
pa».sion.-) which Bpread amongst many would 
nave hurt only myself." 

Though, from the causca here alleged, the 
irre£;iiljirilics he, ut this period, gave wny to 
were of a nature far less gross and mlKcel- 
lantroiiK than those, pcrhupii, of any of hii^ 
associiites, yet, piutly from the veliemeDte 
which (his concentration canscd, ami, KtJll 
more, from that strange pride in his own 
errors, which led Kim always to bring them 
forth in the dhuic rAnNpicuotia lif;ht, it so 
happened that one single incliscrction. in his 
baacb, was luudu to fio farlAer, if I may so 
express it, than n thousand in thoKe of 
others. An instance of this, that occurred 
about the time of which we are flptaking, 
was, I am inclined to think, the sole found- 
ation of the nivsturious ullusiona just cited. 
An amour (if it may he di^mificti with such 
a name) of that son of casual description 
which leas Bttuchable natures would have 
forgotttm, lUiU mon^ jmulent ones at least 
concealed, was by hiai converted, at this 
pcurod, and with circuni-itaiices of most mi- 
nece!«ar>- display, intn a connection of some 
continuance, — the object af it not onlv 
bccoruhn; domeKticatral with him in lodpinfra 
at Brompton, but aeeotn|>aniet] him after* 
wards, disguised in hoy's clutlies, to Briglitou. 
He inlrtMiueed this young person, whu useii 
to ride about with him iu her mnle oitire, 
an his younger brother ; and the late Lady 

I ■* I nA-r ta my oM fricttd Htd cttrpoTfid iMMr ud 
Rkutcr, Jubti J»ck*on, K*q., ProCMcnr uf PiM^lmu wko 
[ trtut itUI nUloi tbc rtrmytb md ijnunctr/ at hit 

P * *, who WM at Brighton at the rime, and 
had itome suspicion of the ren] nature of the 
relationship, naid one day to the poct'a com- 
|Minion, " n*hat » pretty honie tliat is you 
are riding 1 "* — " Yes,''Biuwered tlie prelendcd 
cBYnlier, " it was gaee me by my brother I " 
Beutti<! tells us, of his ideal poet, — 

" The nploiu <it ttrengfUi, dcxtfriiy, nr tpoad. 
To him nor vdnlljr Durjvycxiulil trinjg." 

But far tliflcrent were the tastes of the real 
poet. Byron ; and among the least romantic. 
]K'rhap8, of the cxiTcisc?* in which he took 
delight was that of boxing or sparring. Thi» 
taKie it wiu that, at a Tcry early perioil, 
brought him acquainted with the di^lni^ibhed 
pntlisisor of that art, Mr. Juckdon, for whom 
he contiimed through lile to entertain the 
sinccreat regard, one of Iua hitc-^t works con- 
taining ti most tordiai tribute not only to 
tlie protesMiomd but »at-ial nualities of this 
sole prop and ornament of pugilism. ' Diutng 
hiji stij^- al Brighton this year, Jackson waa 
one ol his imwtt constant viidterK, — -theex- 
peiwe of the profcswr's chaise thither uhI 
back being always defrayed bj- his noble 
patron. He aUo honourc<d with his notice, 
at thia time, D'EgiUle, the bullctKnaj-ter, 
and Uriiiiiildi ; to the latter of whom he 
sent, aa I understand, on one of his benefit 
nights a present of &vc guineas. 

Having been favoured by Mr. Jnckaoa 
with copies of the few notes and lettent, 
which he has prcservetl out of the many ad- 
drt'Ased to him by Lord BynMi. 1 shall *here 
lay before the reader one or two, which boor 
the date of the present yc-ar, and which, 
though referring to matters of no intercHt in 
themsdvfs, give, perhaps, a better notion of 
the Actual liie and habits of the younf poet, 
ut this time, than ci.m\d lie nflbrded by the 
most ckborHte nnd, in other reswcta, iro- 

ftortant L-orreMiiondence. They will show, at 
east, how very little akin to romance were 
the esirl V pursiuta and associates of the author 
of CliiUlc Harold, anti, comtrined with what 
we know of the still le«s nmuuitic vouth of 
Sbak.spcare, prove how unhurt tlie vital 
princijih; of genius can jireserve itself even In 
iitmofepheres apfmn^ntly the most ungeni 
and noxious to it. 


- K. A., HoiU. StvUmber la. IMH. 
" Dear Jiick, 

" I wish you would inform me w! 
haa been done by Jckyll, at No. 40. 81 

iDDdrf Of a fonn. toRrthir wUh Ut ffoad tnimoar i 
KhkUc, u vrlL M mrotal, -tirnirMthawntii"— tfatta 
ihMJ«sii,C«nti>XI. M.lft. 





SquBfT; cunceniing the pony I returned as 

* 1 haTc also to request you wilt toll on 
Looch ut Brompton, nnd in<(iiire vhnt the 
itr& be mtuuit by •tending such au iiiNnlcnt 
letter to roe at Bri^jliton ; and at the siunc 
tine tcU hbn I by no means can comply with 
lite duif^ he bus nmde fi>r things pretended 

* Ambroae behaved most scandalously 
itout the pony. You may It-ll Jikyll if he 
doa iiot refund the money, I shnif put the 
i&ir into my lawyer's hands. Five and 
tnMy gutnciut is a Hound price for a |»>iiy, 
nd by ■ ■ ., it* it costs mc fire hundrt-d 
pmnds, I viU make an example of Mr. J«kyll, 
aid that itnmediatdy, unless the ca^h ii^ re- 

" Believe me, dear Jock," &c. 


** Yon vfll make as ;;ood a imrgatii us 
pOBBble with this Master Jckyll, if he i-i nut 
tgegtlanan. If he is a gent/eman, int'unn 
me, fi>r I »hall take very diHm.>iit hLc'|i9. If 
be is not, )«u must get (vhnt you con uf tht* 
luoney, for 1 have too nuich liuiiinciu on 
hand at present to comnicjicc on action. 
hcain, Afflbrofle u the uuui who ought to 
rffiflMt, — but I have dune with hioi. Yuu 
aw srctle with L. out of the balance, and 
di^MMVof the bidrts ^c. as yuu bc^t can. 

~ t ahmUd be very gl;id to sec you hen- ; 
but the hoasc is filled nnth workmen, and 
la dMjgo i ng a tboruu/^h repair. 1 hope, haw- 
cnr, 10 be loore fortunate before many 
MQiha hare d^ued. 

" U you see Bold Welwtcr, remember mo 
10 him, aod tell him 1 luve to rv^rvt Sydaey, 
wko has perished, I fear, in mv ral>bit wurrcii. 
ftv we luive Heen nutliing of liiai for the loat 

" Adieu. — Believe mcj" &c. 

Lrtk M. Til MR. JACKSON. 

" M. A., Neu*. T>«cmiiber 19. im. 

- My dor Jack, 

** You will prt the grtyhonml from the 
mriMT at any priL-e, and as many more of the 
Br brvcij (male or femalc)as you can collect. 
* Ten D'K^Tllf hi-1 dress shall be rrturnL-d 
-1 am oblij{ed to him for llie pattuni. I 
m tony yuu hhou!d have so much trouble, 
fcat 1 was not aware of the difficultv of pro- 
' OBIog the animmlK in ipiCKtinn. I ^hall' have 
ftlUkcd port t/( my munaiou in u tew week.^, 
i M^ if jrou can pay me a Tisit at Chmtmaa, 
1^ u I ilidl be \tTy guu to sec you. 
j^m I " Believe me.** &c. 


Tlic drvu alluded to here was, no doubt, 
wanted fur a private play, which he, at thk 
time, got up at Newstead, nnd of which 
there ore some further i]urticulur5 in tiiu lui- 
ncxcd IctttT to Mr, 

thcr portK 
'. Bccher. 

Lbttik ». TO MIt. BeCllSR. 

" MewiiMd Alftcr. Nottt. Sept. 14. IBO». 

" My dear Bccher, 

"I am much obliged to you for your 
inquiries, and »lmll profit by tbcm accord- 
ingly. I HJM [juinp to get up a [ihiv Jicrc ; 
the hid) will constitute a mOHt adiiiindde 
tlicutrc. I hj!vc settled the dnun. pens., and 
can do without tudif^, a.s I biivr ^ome young 
friends who will make tolerable substitutes 
fur ft'uink's, and we only wont three male 
characters, beside Mr. HdIiIkjusc niut myself, 
for the play we have fixed on, which will Ik 
the Ucvcripe. I'ray direct Nicholson the car- 
penter to come over to ni'p iiinnediiitely, and 
mfiinn me what day you will dine auQ pans. 
the night here. " Believe me," &c. 

It WQ5 in the autumn of this year, aa the 
letters I have just given indicate, that he, for 
llic fu"st time, look up his residence at 
Newslcttd AblK:y. Haviuj; received the 
iilucc ill a most ruinous c<mditiun from the 
IiiuuIm of ibi late occupant, Lord Orey dc 
Itutliyu, he pnicci-ded innncdialely to repair 
and fit up some of the a{>artiucnth, .-ki us to 
render tlicni — more witli a new to his 
mother's accomniudution than his own — 
comfortably habitable. In one of his letters 
to Mrs. Byron, ^mblished by Mr. Dallm. he 
ilms exjilains bu views and Intentions on 
this subject. 

Lnna ao. 

>- Ke^UtMS Abbey, Notu. OctobiTr T. ISIH. 

" Dear Madam, 

" I hnvc no In-ds for the II • • s or any 
Irady ebe at present. TIjc H • • s sleep at 
Mansfield. I do not know that I resemble 
Jean JHC((ues Rousseau. I have no ambition 
to be like Mt iltustrioiis a nisdmiui — but tlili 
I know, that I shall Uve in my own manner, 
and lu much ainne n.H pns.sib][-. When my 
rooms are ready 1 shidl Iw glad to see you : 
at present it would be improper, and uncom- 
fortable to both parties. "Von can hardly 
object to niy rendering my mansion habitable, 
notwithstanding my departure for I'ersia in 
March for May at farthest), since t/ou will 
be tenant till my return ; and in cuae of an 
accident (for 1 have already arranged my wl' 


t Thui uldMMnl alMft tij Lord Byrao, but vtUitwi 
SDjr risbt to Uw dliUuctJoD . 







to he drawn up the moment 1 am twenty- 
one), 1 have tnkcn core yoii filiull huvc tnc 
bouK and manor for life, besides n sufBcii^nt 
mcome. So you see mv impfOTcmcntif nre 
not entirely selfish. As I have n friend here, 
we will go to the Infinnnry Rail on the lilh ; 
wc will drink Xeix with Mrs. Byron at ei^t 
o'clock, iuid expect to see you at the ball. 
If that lady will allow us a couple of 
rooms to druHS in, we shall be hiichly obliged : 
— if wc arc at the boll by ten or eleven, it 
will be time enough, and we shall return to 
Newstead alwut three or four. Adieu. 
" Belicre nie yours veT)' truly, 

" BVBON." 

The idea, entertained by SCrs. B\Ton, of 

a resemblance between her son and Hnuiucau 
was founded cliicfly, we may supnose, on 
those hiihiu of Kotitarinc&s, in whJcn he had 
even already shown a diB|Mnsrtion to follow 
that «elf-contem[>lative philosopher, and 
which, manifesting thcmselrea thus early, 
gained strength as he ndviinccd in life. In 
one of his JounmlK, to which I fret^uently 
have occasion to refer ', he thus, in ifuestion- 
ing the justice of this coni|mri*»on Iwtwtcn 
himself and Kousseau, gives, — ns usual, 
vividly. — some touches of his own dispo- 
sition and habitudes ; — 

" My mnilicr, before I was twenty, would 
have It that 1 was like RnnHflean, nnd 
Madame ile Stael used to Mty so too in 
1813. and the Edinburgh He^-iew \\ax some- 
thing of the sort in its tTili(|iie on the fourth 
Canto of Childe Harold.'' I can't fife any 
point of redcmblanee : — he wrote prose, I 
verse ; he was of the people ; I of the arih- 
tocrucy * : he was a philosopher ; [ am none : 
he publi«hetl Iiin firHl work nl forty ; I mine 
at eighteen : his 6ri>t esKay brought iiim 
univen^al applause ; mine the contrary : he 
married his housekeeper ; I could not keep 

' The Jouro*: cnUtlol try hlnuctf "Drt^chwl TbmiitiU,*' 
■ ["'rhar«iir« two writer* In ntockm Ilteratiuv, wboM 
esiraoHI'nMT pnwi-r <rtn Ihp mlndi of miiii, It may \tn 
Inaljr ul4. hu extrted Im* In Ibdr work* than jn Uiitn- 
HlTn— Raui»(«u ind Lord Itfron. Thty hiir« other 
pirfnuoFcei«mbUiicD. Bo(hKrc4]itiiigubb«(l byUivmoM 
vdcet Mnd t1*M drllnrBiloni of lutente conrcptiou Aod bf 
at) biUnie Kailtitllt; of pualon. nlherthjui aOlrvtlon, 
Ball) lui>.t)]rUiU double [«Ker, harp beld > <b)mlnloD o*rr 
ttic (jtniAtby of their readcri, far beyond tbe ntn^ of 
tbOM ordlnAr; fpelloK* i^hlch ax* uiujiIIt «xdt«d by ihr 
nwni'ffbruoffenlui. ThBlmpreulDinffrLhU [utvrosl rtill 
MeaatpiBlM the peruul of thrlr wrtdnitd but Ihrre U 
anntbcr iQUtrut at more Uutinit, md far itraoiccT power. 
MhMi UiOonehMpM>MMd.aiid the oUi«r no* podiPMo 
.vhlrh LkaintlKCuiiUniiAl pTubudj-iiiK Drih«lniMrli1ua) 
character, —It nilabt altnotl b^ wld, i>r Uirrrry ]>crKin 
of the «r(ter. Wbm wc ipntk or think of HouMuau ur 
Bjrrod. wr wn(Hrmitrloii« iiftpt^klng or tbIiiLlntc of an 
MChnr. We harr a rnitue tiin linpUitiHwd nnnnubcaaw 

house with my wife ; he thought ill the wcirU 
in a plot ngainst him ; my little wurklacenia 
to thtnk mc in a plot against it, if I may judj^ 
by their abuse in print and coterie : be liked 
botany ; 1 like flowers, herbs, untl treea^but 
know nothing of ihcir pedigrees : he wrote 
music ; 1 limit my knowledge of it to what I 
catch by ear — I ne^er could Itam any tiling 
by ttvdt/t not even a (anguagt — it was all by 
rote and ear, and memory : ho had aAot/ me- 
niar>- ; I had, at least, an excellent one (ask 
Hodgson the poet — a good judg^ for he 
has an astonishing one) : he wrote with he- 
bitalion atitl care ; I with rapidity, and rarely 
with pains : he could never ride, nor swim, 
nur ' waa cunning of fence ;' / am an ex- 
cellent xwimuter, a decent, though not at all 
a diuthing, rider, (having stave<l in a rib at 
eighteen, in the cmirte of s^'aniperin^). and 
w.'ui snfficient of fence, particularly of the 
Highland broadsword. — not a bad boxer, 
when [ could keep my temper, which wxs 
diHictdt, hut whirli I stnn'e to do evemince 
I knocked down Mr. Purling, and put his 
knee-pan out (with the gloves on), in An- 
gelo's and Jackson's roomx in ltH>B, during 
the sparring. — and I was, lic-sides, a very 
(air cricketer, — one of the Harrow rierea, 
when wc played against Eton in 180&. 
Besides, RouKseau's way of life, his eoim- 
try, his manners, his whole character were 
so ver\' different, that I am at a loss to 
romrive how such a roitifiurison could have 
nriticn. it-; it has done three several times. 
nnd itti in rather a remarkable manner. 1 
forgiit to suy that he was also short -^iglite«l, 
and that hitherto my eyes have been tlie 
contrary, to hueh a degree that, in the Inigcst 
theiitre of Bologna, 1 di-stinguishKd and read 
some busts and mscripttons. pointed near the 
atage, from a box so distant and so darkfy 
lighted, that none of the company (compose^l 
ot young and vQTy bright-eyed i>tM>plc. some 
of uem in the sune box,) could make out a 

of mvDQi (urpAiitDii in-nlua.plo>|UPtKe, and powr. — of 
pradiiriiju> capacity both of nilM-ry whI Itapplima. Wc 
fe»l lu If «T hiul tranilmtly mM *ueh bring* In real UCa. 
or tuid known thpm In tli« dlic and dark oominuDian of a 
dream. Knch of their worki pruMots. Hi lofceulM), ■ 
fmh IdfA of ih«nu:lT«'t ; and. while tb« productlimi of 
other grvM aim clMid rut from them. Uke MOMthlnc 
they bD.iv cr•^atMl, thc-lri, nn the contnu-y. are bHagca. 
Fitctur«t, butuoftbrir livU\g wJvoi.—cMhMt. iw doubt, 
at difflrrt'nt llmn lu dlin^rrnt drapa-ry. and proodsmt 
froto a dllTcTCiiI biiri(-|tn)Uiid, liut unifatmly Imprtvtnl 
«llh the lama fonn. and tnlfti. anil hn^iam^tit*, art! not 
U> be iDEttalu'n fur ibn rrpri**^nlallnu« otany oOtrr of tbr 
clilltbcn ofniBn."— WiLSOH, tSlS.] 

* F*w phllotopher*. howprat, haro bf«» ao bi^littmt 
to thr pfbtrol birth ai RnitWMU — " K'U eat un ortrMHI 
paidimnablf (ho uy*) aprii relirf qui mi Ura dn intrltr, 
ppr»iniTid, i;*ctt celul qui wo tiro da la niliaiiiTT " — 



letter, and tbaujiht it was a trick, thouj;h I 
iwJ never been in thm ihi-atn.- licfon'. 

"Altogether. I think my»clf justified in 
thinfcing ibe coiiipiuiftofi itot well founded. 
1 4loB*t «ky ihifl out of [liqiic, for HoiiTiKtmi 
vu s great sum ; and the thing, if ttue, were 
bttmng enough ; — hut I have no idea of 
huag pleased with the chimera." 

lo another letter to his mother, dated 
loaw weciu after the prccediiif; ouc, be ex- 
^■Oi lurtfaer his plans both with respect lo 
Snntcad and his projected tmvcls. 


•■ NtwtUttl Abbqr. VownlMr L l»m. 

•Dear Mother, 

" If voii please, we will forget the things 
ttvention, I have no desire to remcmlxT 
When my rooms are finished, 1 shall 
behamiT to sec you ; lu I tell hut, the trutht, 
iir not 5U9{>cct me of evasion. I rid 
ling the house more for you than my- 
and I shall establish you in it before I 
ior India, which I eK[iect to do in March, 

nthinc particuUrly olwtructive occtuit. I 

Bffl now fitting up the green drawing-room ; 
the red for a bed-room, nnd the rooms orcr 
at slcepii^-roomA. They will be soon com- 
pleted : — at least t hope so. 

" I wiii ywi woulti inquire of Major 
Watson (who is an old Indian ) what thinpi 
will be necessary to provide for my voyage. 
f have already procured a friend to write lo 
tbr Ani)ic Professor at Cambridge, for some 
idbniiatian 1 am anxious to {irot-ure. I can 
oaily get letters from govemmerc to the 
—bliiaJnft» consul, Stc. and ulw to the 
yieroow at Calcutta nnd Mndras. I Mhall 
place my property and my will in the hands 
M. trustees till ray return, and I me»n to 
you one. From U • • fHiuison] I 
heaf«l lUKhing — when I do, you shall 
tW particutara, 
"After all, you mugt own my project ix 
nut a tmd one. If I do not travel now, I 
imer Khali, and all men Kboiild one day or 
other. I hove at present no connections to 
kcqi me at home ; no wife, or unprovided 

< Thkantlmui, vfcetoehonlmlo tbcfMr III4, U 
' at m tplriusd tmUMbin or JdrcroJ, and oif 
1 at lUttinfultbnl mcrtL llr «ru iang ia cor- 
rmilh Lord Dfioo, uid to hire I an indrUcd 
Ht09 Utten of Ui nolilv fiivnd. «hkh 
»0m la *■ oMiw of Um Mlo«!ln« paiM. 

■ kad iIh^ A MM ttna^ at a(fMui from ■! uwal(it« 

I fey afsnca. Haa Ibou^m or tMirjInr tMi dflf 
, sad vUdat a mowunast ant him. wiui 
* Ob, ran Boonet !" 
[a naiA lBf of Um iMnbefi of RaoMMui't dann(I« 
. tliiaiB Mji, ■* tUu (TlitaSM) (onrm bim 

sisters, brothers, &c. I shall take care of 
you, and when I return 1 may |>ob.sib!y 
become a politician. A few years' Knowledge 
of other countnes than our own ivill not m> 
capacitate me for that part. If we »>ee no 
nation but our own. we do not give mankiud 
a fair chaiice ; — it is from esj>nvner, not 
books, wc ought to judge of them. There 
is nothing tike imtjiection, and trusting to 
our own senses. " Yours," &c 

In the November of this year he lost his 
favourite dop, iJoutswain, — the poor animal 
having been seized with a fit of mutlncNs^ ut 
the commencement of which bo little aware 
was Lord Byron of the nature of the muliwiy, 
that he more than once, with his bare hand, 
wiped away the slaver irom the dog's lips, 
during the paroxysms. In n letter to his 
friend, Mr, Hodgson ', he thus announces 
this evcat : — " Boatswain is dead ! — he 
expired in a Kttite of madiiCNs on the I Nth, 
ai^er Buflcring much, yet retaining nil the 
gentleness of bis nature to the last, never 
ntteinpting to do the least injury to any one 
ncur hini. 1 have now lost every thing 
except old Murray." 

Tlie monument raised by hJm to this dog, 
— the roost memorabli: tribute of the kind, 
since the Dog'* tiruve, of old, at Suluutis, — 
i.<i still u conspicuous ornament of the gardens 
of Newstead. The misautlimpic verses eii- 
graveil upon it may be fomid among his 
[jorms. and the following is the inscriptioa 
by which they are introduced : — 

" Mmt (hU itlnt 

Artt dc^lud the Bemoliu of ooe 

Wtio pocacMMl Bpauif wHhaut Vanllr. 

Hrentth «ilt)mU InMlmeo, 

Cour&gv wllbwul Fcfocltj, 

And all th« VirtuM at Man without hU Vkc*. 

This PraliB, which WQiild bo unicvauliig FItiUer7 

If InMrkbnl otvr humin uliM, 

U Init a JuH tttlHjtB to thoMcxniinrar 

Who wai bom at NewtiundUiirt. M«r. "■>'■ 
And dli>cl at NcwtTciad Abttrjr, NcrvnnbrrU. I^XIK. 

TTic poet Pope, when about the same Oj 
ait the writer of this iuscription, passed » 
similar eulogy on his dog^, at the expense 



M abtolnteljr u ■ ntUM doaa a child, la fa«r xbtoac*. 
tilt do^ hat ao)iitred tliat aHmdatit- HI* olfKituu for 
Uiat cmtui«' U b^rundallexprciiloaor coDrcpUon.".- 
PrnaU Corretpon^me* S*n an iiutaoM which hf glvM 
of Chtt dog'i Infliwiwn oTM thn phllotophff, p. H3. 

In Burni'i •Irry "» tt>e tlnuh of bu (Bvnurlie Sfafll*', 
we tnd the filmd«bl|i t-ica »f aiberpiet on ■ Icrri irlUi 
that of man : — 

*' Wl' kICMllr Ueat. when *he did ipj him, 
Shtinfl wl' fpMd: 
A Maod nulr fitthfnl w^Vr camp n)|tb hint, 
Tban HaUl* daal." 



of human nature; adding, that "Histories 
arc DPurc full of examples of the fidelity of 
do^ than of dieiidfi." In a still Muider aiid 
bitterer spirit, Lord Bjron writes of hia fa- 

" Tci BurL • trUni'i r«aialiu th«M ■tonci uU» ; 
I nettr luew bul owr, m4 Arrr b« li«*." ' 

Melancholy, indeed, aeems to have been 
gaining fast iipon liu inbd at thi»i pericxl. 
Ill another letter to iMr, Hod^rson, be suvei, 
— "You know laughing in the sign o( a 
rational aniinid — so suv* Dr. Smnllcl. I 
tiiiiik so too, but unluckily my spirits don't 
always keep pticc with my opinioiw." 

Old Murray, the scrvjint whom he men- 
tion.';, in a preccdbig extract, as the only 
faithful follower now remaining to him. hail 
lone been iu the scrvici- of the fanner lord, 
anif was reciu-ded by the You%' ooct with a 
fondness of aH'ection whivti it tias tjeldum 
Iwen ihu' lot iifa^e and dependence to inspiri--. 
*■ I have more than once," says a gentleman 
who was at this time a coiutimt visiter at 
Kewstead. " seen Lord Byron at the dinner- 
tal)lc fill out a tumbler of Mndeim, and hand 
it over hi^ tihouldcr tu Jiw Murray, who 
stood behind his chair, saying, with a cor- 
diality that brigtitcnc<l his wholo counte- 
nance, ' Here, my old fellow.'" 

The unconcern with which he could some- 
times allude to the defect in his foot iii 
uinniTefit from another passage ia o»c of 
tlicsc letters to Mr, Hodpson. That peii- 
tlemau havinj; salil ji^stitiylv tlmt xome uf the 
rerhes in the " Hours ot Idleness " were 
calcuLalcd to make Hchoolboys rebellious. 
Ixird Byron answers — " If my songs have 

froduccd the glorious effects you meution, 
shall be a complete Tyrtieus ; — though I 
Atn sorry to Bay I restimbic that ialeresting 
harper more in nis person than in his poesy." J 
Sometimes, too, even an allusion to this 
iiifinnity by others, when he could t>erceiTc 
that it was not oHcnsivcly intended, wtis 
home by him with the most |>crfect good 
hunumr, " I waa once present," says the 
friend I have jii>t iiiciitit>ned, *' in a large 
and miicd company, when a vulgar i>cTM)n 
aslied him alouil — ' Pray, mv Lord, how is 
tluit foot of yours V" — ' Thank y^iii, jrir,' 
uuswcred Lord Byron, with the utmost mild- 
ness — ' much ihe haiue im umuuL' " 

In ipeaUfig at Iho fmourlte doit* ot (mmI pD«tt, wc 
miut aol forjfrt Cowptr't Illtia ■panlfl " Bwiu i " nor 
will poaiFiitr bill to tdi 10 ih» UM the luuae uf &h 
Waltiit Srolt'* " Blahlji." 

■ In Uie D|>lupli, u Inl prtoted In Ut (Hend'a Mlicvl- 
Imj. thl* lltw run* thu> : — 

" Ihiew butoM iinclian|«d— MAhvabBUet." 

The fotlowiiw cxtiut, rdaciiig to ■ n- 
rercnd friend of bis LonUbip. is firom aaottier 
of his letters to Mr. Hodgson, this year : — > 

" A few weeks ago I wrote to • • •, to 
request he would receive the son of a citizen 
of London, well known to mc, a& a pupil ; the 
fiunily havini; tH%n [particularly iiolite during 
the ehort time I wa.4 with tbem induced 
me to make this ]^)plication. Now. mark 
wliat follciwH, as «niidx>ily sublimelv saith. 
On this day arrives an epistle NigneJ • • •. 
containing not the smallest reference to 
tuition or uituitinn, but a /irtition for Robert 
Grcgson, of pugilistic notoriety, now ia 
bondage for certain paltr)- pounds steriiii^, 
and lialtle to take up his crerlasting abode 
in Banc*) Kegls. Had the letter bwn from 
any of my //i y ac(|uaiiitance. or, iu short, 6t>n) 
any i«rsoTi but the gentleman whose ^m. 
nature it tivunt, I iJiould have marvellet) not. 
If* • •!» Mfious, I conpnitulatc pugilisni 
on the acqiusitioQ o£ kuch a jiatrun. and 
shall be mo»t happy to advance any ttm 
necessary for the libeniticn of the captive 
Oregson. But I certainly hope to be ccn 
tificd from you, or some respectable booifr- 
keeper, of the feet, before I write to • • • 
on tfie subject. When I say the/or/. I mcaa 
of the letter Iwing written by * • •. not 
having any doubt u^ to the autheutidtv of 
the statement. The letter is now hf^iftt 
me, and I keep it for your jHTusal." 

His lime at Newstend during this autuon 
was princijially occupied in enlarging and 
prepOTog hb Satire for the press ; and with 
the view, perhaps, of mellowing liieownjudg- 
meut of its merits, by keepuia it some time 
before his eyes in a printed torm », he hajd 
proofs tjdfen crlT from the manuscript by hi* 
former publisher at Newark. It u some- 
what remarkalilc, that, excited as he was by 
the attack of tlie reviewers, and posscsnog, 
at uU tiniCK, such rapid powers of crnnpo- 
sition, he should have allowed bo long aa 
inter\-al to elapse between the agpression 
and tilt' revenge. But the importance of his 
next move in literature seems to have hcco 
fuily appreciated by him. He saw that his 
chances of future eminence now depended 
upon the cfibrt he van about Ut make, and 
therefore delilwratcly i-ollcctcd all bin ener- 
gies for the spring. Aiuoug the prfjiarattvea 

) t" ^^ old Trrtmi. wkm the Siwttuu •nrfi, 
i A* lamt u 1 am, Init a bttur tMrd.) 
Thouitli «all'd llhuine had mlftod loaf, 
HiiluaNi tfa* brtrm t^ ibe toiec of Hmg. " 

Atan^vw Bora**: Woika, p. 4H.] 

' Wo are told Uut WIriand u»rd to har« hli worts 

printnl IImu for lb* purpoae of correction, ami aaltl that 

IM Ibuni) KTMt adtrMjtacti la K. The practice U, It 

■nwara, not tunnaal la Gcmaj. [Mar In Bnslaad.j 


At. 31. 



by which he ffii^ciplinod htK talent to the 
task, was a deep hludy of the nritings of 
Pope I and I have no dmtht thut from thi.s 
penod mav be dated the eiithuxiastic udini- 
ntiun which he over after cherished for this 
pvM port, — an aidmiration which aX liist 
cxtingliialiLfl id him, after one or two triitU, 
all hofc of nrei-ciiiincncti m the sumc truck, 
and drove nim thcDccforth to orck renown 
in firM.<) more oprii to comprlitimt. 

Thcr Dmaiithriipic iiiuotlof niiiiii into which 
he hud fallen at this tLue, fruni dintupiKMntcd 
ifTectiuiis :ui<l ihwurted hupi'v. inudc the 
office of nadrist but too coni^ninl and n eU 
come to hU spirit. Yet it is evident thut 
dtis faiHerness existed far more in his feni-y 
ihin hit heart ; aiid that the sort of relief he 
Bowfoundin making war upon the worldarose 
■Dcb less from thu indi!icriniin:ite wounds 
ke dealt arouiHl, than Irani ttie new senMu ol' 
powerhebecajnccoiisctouHof bideulinglhein, 
Md by which he more than recovered h'm 
famcTBtBtioii in \m own oleetn. In truth, 
l)w Yersatilitv and vuac with which, as hhiJI 
presently be bbown.hc could, on thebriefeai 
oooBidfTHl'tOD, shift from praihe to censure, 
•ad, aometiiiK-^N, uhiioat aii ranidlv, frutn 
ceuore to pmise, shows how taiicl^l and 
tnasicnt w«v the iiiipru!i)<ituuit under which 
kc,in many inhtiuices, pronounced hisjudg- 
oienta ; and though It may in some degree 
deduct from the weight of his eulogy, ab- 
Bihrea hini also from any great depth of 
oabce in his Entire. 

His coming of age. in 1800, was celebrated 
■ Kewstead hy such feHttvitirs ux bin narrow 
DMwu aiid Hi^<:icty could fumibh. Besides 
tke ritual rotmtinft of un ox, there wan a 1»il, 
:ni*, jrivfn on the occatioii, — of which 
'juU piirticulur 1 could collect, (rom the 
do^lc.^tlc who mentioned it, was, that 
Mr. Han-ion. the agent of her lord, watt 
■monft tlie dancers. Of Irf»r»l Hjron's own 
method of commemorating the day, I find 
the following curious record in a letter 
vritteii frtHn (ienou in IWlfsi : — *" Did I ever 
lell )'Ou that the day I came of age I dined 
uoQggs and biicon and a bottle of ale V — 
Fur once in n way they are my EiTOiirlte 
' drinkable ; but as aeicher of them agree 
roe, I never use them hut on great 
lees, — once in fbtir or five yeara or so." 
pecuniary suppliL-s iictcHitiiry towanln 
hii ouLict, at this epoch, were procured (rom 
■ooey-leadereat an enorntously luunous in- 
temt, the payuent of which for u longtime 
eoauuucd tu be a burden to him. 






It was not till the beginning of this year 
that he took his Satire, — in a stale ready, 
as he thought, for piiWication, — to London. 
Before, however, ne had put the work to 

[jrehs, new food was unluckily furni^ed to 
lis sptecD by the neglect with which he con- 
ceived himself to have been ireutcd by his 
giiardinn, I<ord CarlLslc. The relationn between 
this nobleniun and his ward had, at no time, 
been of such a nature as to afford opponu- 
nities fur the cultivation of much friend liite»ii 
on cither side ; and to the temper and in- 
fluence of Mrs. Byron mainlv l>e at- 
tributed the bhimc of widening, if not of 
producing, this estrangement between them. 
The coldness with winch Lord Carlisle had 
received the dedication of tlie vounj; poet's 
firHt volume was, as we have , seen from 
one of the letters of the latter, felt by him 
niotst deeply. Hi% however, allowed hunnelf 
to be »n lar governed by prudential eon- 
oiderutioiLs as not only to stifle riiis dia- 
plca&ure, but even t<> introduce into hi* 
t*tttirc. at originally intended fur the press, 
the following contplinient to hid guardian : — 

** Ob MM) alonr Apollo d«ign* to tmlli^. 
And Cfowni a nnw Roacoiatnoti la Carllile." 

Tlic crown, however, thus generously 
awarded, iliii not long remain where it hud 
tteen placed. In tlie internal between tJie 
inditing of this couplet and the delivery of 
the nmnuacripl to the press. Lord B>ron, 
under the imprcsHion that it was custonmr)- 
fur u young peer, on first taking his seut, to 
have some friend to iuiroduce him, wrote to 
remind Lord C-artisle that he lihould lie of 
age at the commencement of the secaion. 
Instead, however, of the sort of answer which 
he expettcd, a mere formal, and, as it a[>- 
[>fared to him, cold repiv, acquainting hixn 
with tlie technical modeofproceedingonsuth 
occasions, was all that, in return to thin u[*- 
plictttion, he received. Di-sjuwed as iie hml 
been, by preceding circuuistances, to ai^spect 
his noble guardian of no very friendly indin- 




Ktionn towards htm, this hackwvdncsa in 
|jrujiosui^ to introduce him to the House (a 
cerenmny, however, as it appeans, by no means 
Mcenarv or even tuual^ was 8uffici>ent to 
itnueio his sensitive mind a strong feeling of 
resentment. ' The iodipnation. thus excited, 
found a vent, but too temptingly, at hand ; — 
the laadatory couplet I have just cited was 
instantly expunged, and his Satire went 
fortli rhnrgcd with those Wtupemtive verses 
against Lord Carlisle, of which, gratifyuig as 
they tnuiit have been to his revenge at the 
moment, he, not long after, with uie pbco- 
bility sn inherent in his generous nature, re- 
pented. * 

During the progress of his poem through 
the prem, he uicreoaed its length by more 
than a hundred linea ; and made several al- 
terations, one or two of which may be 
mentinned, as illustrative of that iirompt 
Miaceptibility of new impressions and inSn- 
enees which rendered both his judgment and 
feelings so variable. In the Satire, as it on* 
ginaily stood, was the following couplet : — 

" Thoujih priotert coudncend tta^ pr>Mi to lOll 

Willi odr* by liraj'the ', uiill rplc tong» b; Hojir." * 

Of the injustice of these line.') (unjuat, it is 
but Mr to say, to both the writers men* 
tioned,) he, on the brink of pul>li ration, 
repented ; and, — as far, at least, as regarded 
one of the intended victims, — adopted a 

> [" It appmn, rtiitUnlf. thai Ibc jmnv poH kid, la 
tdi Dwn aplDloD, evi-tj rirrtit 10 npKl dw iM §bA tOUD- 
t4Tiuuic«af hUrrUtWrun ibU occMlon. md that. pPlHw 
ing not one p«naiiB) friend or •tqualnLuirp among the 
n«nDtirr« of th« [Kwraff ibrn In I^nndnti, bU rmtrte wai 
■mtaarrused wltb jnuiy awkward and humlllatlnti tlllH> 
cuMm, which the tligMUtt latcrfamco cm Ibe part of a 
noblotnui of Lord CarUtl«'s rank aod diarju'tvr •raid 
ha*! rendorcd Impoiiitile. It would be nnlUr, homwvtir, 
iwil til add, ihjit (rum alt wn liatc tipard and read, v-erj 
IhUa wai at tbli Urna known about 1/nd HfKm that 
cnnU luira been expect«d la tanclll«« ihM« pn'Juilles* 
vftb which bU nofhcT'a ruda pauloni and conduct mkq 
uriglDal)!' tn have Inaptiyd th« Rar! a1 Carlidi* i a vrak 
po»t. n<> doubt, but a nobleiaaiii dlKlnfulthcd for por< 
•onal vlrtiiM. whij4e tutr* wtre all cluitaiit and prR,l*es 
wortbr. and bU bablU aiMl inaiinen, of cnurte, o( the 
hlftirtt »uiirtard of T<^«ii." — (iiuirlfrfy fiertnr, 
lUI J 

* Spc hit ltiu« on Major Tfoward. ttw ion af Lord 
Car^lUc. tiiia wai ktlled ai Waterloo : — 

** Their |irat»B la hymn'd by lonirr harv* than mliM ; 
YM one I would iclrcl from that (imud thioag. 
Partly borauM> Ihcf Mmil mr ailh UU \ii\it, 
Kaipartlg that I did hit tirr tatiu vrtrng."" 

Chlbtt HomM. Cartn 111. 
» [William 5nijtb«, M. A.,prijf««or of modern hWorj- 

In Uw rnlvrrtlcr «r CamtiridB*. author cf " EnilUh 

Lyrici." ftc. ftc.J 

* LI'hc Rev. Charlfi Jintea lloyle, of Trlnltr Collflp>, 
C-MDbridicr. In INOh, tiv publUhed " Uxodu»," an rplclm 
UtirtiYm twHiki.— " thereby curpaulog Ui geiMroitty," aayi 
th*- EdlnburKh Rcrlew, " Vlr(ll blraaeir, flvtnf in tlilr- 
xtut tmoki, 11 the coiiKliiDUout balw fflvaa thln«aii roUt, 


tone directly opposite io his printed Satire, 
where the name of Profcwor Suiythe ia men- 
tioned honourably, as it deserved, iin cun- 
jiinctioD with that of Mr. Uodgson, one of 
the poet's most valued Inends ; — 

" t)h dark aiyluni of a Vaulal ram I 
At aneo Ibc ttoait uflnarnkic aod dlifnwt 1 
So *iiiik in dulneu. and to loat In ahane. 
Tbal Sniyttta and Hwlsaon ecarce rodaen tbj (ana." 

In auothc:r instance we find him "changing 
his hand" with equal tiicility and sudden- 
ness. The original miuiuieript of the Satire 
contained this hue, — 

" I Imn topofnphr to caxroinb Cttl 1" * 

but ha>ing, while the work was prtntiQ|L 
become ai.-qiuiinteil with 8ir Williiun (iull. 
he, without difTiculty. by the cbuiigt: uf a 
uugle epithet, converted satire into eulogy, 
and the Une now desccnda to [wsterity 

tllUfi ! — 

I lean tapograph; to itattic Odl." * 

Among the passages added to the poem 
during its progress through the press were 
ttio^L- lines denuinuing the Hcentiousncu of 
the t^>cra, " Then let Ausonia," &c. which 
the voung satirist wrote one night, id^T riv 
turning, briiulul of morality, from the Opera, 
iind sent them eariy next morning to Mr. 
Dallas for innnrtiiiii. The just ^nd nniumted 
tribute to Mr. Crabbc wits also among the 

tA ihe doum." Tba t w itwm pnaaaam* Iba monAtf 
Va\» ppic ta be ibc vtty icfao oT tha wchrifc n itaNS 
of old Zachar; Bofd'a haraic ftum aa Iba aaM a u Hanl 1 

" Nnw, wM not rharaob a rery Rreat ntak, 
Nottoirt thochlldmior Urarl. with ibair wivta and 
th^r enni and daufbteri. fa out Into Um wtJdcr- 
ncH to cat Up Lord* pa»cal ' " _ 
and deicribca the atyk of tb* povm m " th« tnnit pnftct 
rnod^l that could bairaaclDad fnr MCtmidliiK the lulllo| 
maftlc of Ur. HojU'a nnue, bnacblni tb« rary (fU'lt «f 
ropoa«."— Vol. xi. p. 3Tt(.] 

' rB««idH Uie " Topoipaphr of Trof ." Sir WlUiaa 
Gdl ji jblltbcd '• TopfBTapby of ItiKDe.** " Pt anprt ana." 
&c. tk (llrtl at Naplrt. in February I S36.] 

* III the nnb Klitlon af the Satire (luppmacd by bbn 
In ISli) be airain dianged hit mlod mjwcUiiB thli geo- 
tirmau, and altrrrd tbe lliw to 

'■ I laan biography to rapid C*ll ; " 
czptalDinK hla naaoDi for the fhaofr In thv folUiwtaif 
not« :— " * llapu.' IndMd ; — bp topocnpbtM<d and typi»> 
(rapfalMd Klnjt I'rLuu'i doinlnlofit In three dar*- t 
called bJm ' c1a*ilc' U-fur* I Mw tba Troad, bol tlan 
have Icaranl b^tttT Uian tn lack to hU name what doci'l 
belong to it." He l« not. howpter, the only aatlrlit ■ho 
bfti been thutcaprldniiiandchanirpaHilnhUJadsiBanU. 
The varlatlana of thU nanir« In I'ope'i l>uacUd are w«ll 
kn<jwn:and (he Ahtxt Colin, It L* laU.owrd tbe "paifthd 
pre-«inlneDC«" of hla ftaUon in Boileau'i SaUm to tka 
uDlurky coDTinicaee of bto nane ai a rhyme. Of th« 
gener«ui rhange (Mia censure to pralw. the poof Daota 
had almatly ftrl an mamplp ; havinjtt In hU " Cottvlto," 
laiidM] toiac nf thoae peraooa whom, to hli CoauoedU. 
be had IDMI Mrervly ijuhed. 


JEt. si. 



ftfter-thmi]>nu with vhich his porm was 
■dornetl -, nor can we doubt that both this, 
ami the equally merited cul(>(n' on Mr. 
Kofera. were the distDtereNted oiid dcltbcnoe 
rmilt of the roung poet's judgment, as 
he hud never at that period seeo etdier 
of these dixttnfCiiUhcd pcr«ons, and the 
opinion he then expressed tyf their gentuit 
remained unchnnf^cd thmugh life. With 
the author of the PIcuxtires of 51cmon* he 
afterwards became intiiaatc ; but with biin, 
whura be had »o well deeignsted ait " Na- 
ture's sternest fxiinter, .vet the best," he was 
oerer lucky enou^ to form any ocqiiaint- 
anre ; — though, its my venerated friend and 
Deighhour, Mr. ('ratibc himseli^ telU me. they 
wrrr once, wilhmit being aware of it, in the 
Mnie inn tugrther lor a f\ay or two, and 
niMt hare frc«fuvnlly met, an they went in 
and out of the house, during the time. 

Altoost eren* second riny, while the Sa- 
tire was printing, Mr. Datlas, who had un- 
dntaken to supcrintt-nd it through the pre."*, 
fereived fri-sh matter, for ihc cimchnicnt of 
its (Niges, from the milhnr, whose mind, once 
esatril on any subject, knew nu end to the 
oui^urin^ of its wealth. In one uf his 
•bori nntcit to Mr. Dallas, he iiay», " Print 
•ooD, or I fchall oversow with rhyme ;" and 
it wiLH, it) the name manner, in all Ms sub- 
aequrnt jiuhliiiilionN, — ns limg, at lenst, as 
be rcmmned within reach of the printer, — 
that he i-ontinucd thus to feed the press, to 
the vtry last moment, with new ana " thick- 
rominK fiinctes," which tlie ns{>eruiial of 
what ne hwl already written Euggeated to 
him. It Would (dmo^tt seem, indo»l, frtrat 
the extreme fucility ami rapidity with which 
be produced some of his brighte*it pnw>agcs 
dunn^ the propcas of his works through 
(he )rreM, that there was in the very act of 
priming an r:icitemcnt to his fancy, and thiit 
dte mm of his thoughts towards this outlet 
pre iDcrcBsed life aad freahneas to their 

Among tlic imssing events from which he 
now L-dujL.'ht illuittrationA fur hiH noi'ni wss 
thf im-hintlioly death of Lord Falklanil '. — a 
rjllani, but dissinat»fd niiva! officer, with 
ttfaom the haliit» of his town lifthad bnnight 
hko aequahtled, and who. nbout the beijianing 
of March, was killed in a duel by Mr. Powell. 
That thia event affected l^ord Byran very 
ifeti'lv. the few touching sentcncea devoted 
'lis Katire [trove:. " (hi Sunday night 
-^ I I beheld Lord Falkland presiding 

. ' Ir^-Julia Ctrj. rlfbU) tImouM FilUud. H« 
..^Us ut UDS,Mli»C)ulHkM wfaoai lie iMd 

• [Rbnrtlj dter Lord Filfclwd'i dMth, Lnrd B7TMI 
raBlndadtWimbrtlltiiUriiUow. tlMt ti«F wm (u b« )p>4- 

at his own table in all the honest pride of 
hosfHtality ; on Wedneitday morning at three 
o'clock I saw stretched before mc all that 
remained of cnumge, feeling, and a host of 
passions." But it wus not by words only 
that he gave proof of /s^-mpathy on thb oc- 
casion. Tilt' family of ihennfortunatenoble- 
man v/vtv left iK-hind in circumstances which 
necdeil souwthing more than the mere ex- 
prcjision of compassion to allointe them ; 
and I^rd Dyron, notwithstanding the prcv- 
Hure of his own difliculiies at the time, found 
means, seasonablv and deliaitely, to assist 
the widow and children of his friend. * In 
the following letter to Mrs, Byron, he mcn> 
tions this antong other matters of interest. — 
and in a tone of unostentatious sensibility 
highly honouralile to him. 

Lrrm32. TO MBS. BTRON. 

- a. St. Junn'i StiMt, MsRb «. IS09. 
" Dear Mother, 

" My last letter was written under great 
depression o( spirits from poor Falkland's 
death, who lias left without a shilling four 
children and his wife. I have been cndoi- 
vouring to assist them, which, iJod knows, I 
cannot do as I could wish, from my own em- 
iHUTBNsmcnts and tlic many claicas upon mc 
from other ^ua^te^8. 

" What you eay is all very true : come 
what m:iy, Xewstead and I itanii or fall 
logLtlter. I have now lived on the si>ut, I 
have fixed my heart upon it, and no pressure, 
present or fiiture, shall induce me (o barter 
the last vestige of our inheritance. I have 
that pride within me which will enable me to 
Bupjjort difficulties. I can endure privations ; 
but could 1 obtain io exchange for »wstcad 
Ablx-y the first forttme in the country, 1 
would nyect the proposition. Set your 
miad at case on tliat score ; Mr. H * * 
[Hanson] talks like a man of buuncss on 
the subject, — I feel like a man of honour, 
and 1 will not sell Newstcod. 

" I fdmll get my seat on the return of the 
aflidavita from Carhois, m Cornwall, and will 
do soinc'tliing in the House SM>n : I must 
dash, or it ifi all over. Mv Satire must be 
kept secret for a month ; afttr that you may 
Buy what you plea<(C on the subject. I*ord 
Carli-ile has used me infaniounly, and refused 
to state any particulars of my family to the 
Chancellor. 1 luve tajAed him in my rhymes, 
and perhaps his lordship may regret not 
being more conciliatory. They tell me it wQl 

lUba to hv loAM : tbt ebiU wai chrtiUiMd Brron- 
Charle*>PMtlln*nd'FUMU(«MtC*rT, sad after Ut«oer«- 
tDonr >>>*' V*^ InMrt^ a Btt-hundrvd pooad note in ■ 
lifwkCut cup ; but in M cauUaui ■ Biaiiaer, that K waa 
Bol diaoKvrcd uoUl ba bad Mt tte hoiua — Sm Bt- 

hare a sale i I bope so, fur the bookselt^ 
hiLs befawred wd\, as for as publishing well 

" Believe me. 8u. 
** P. 8. — You shall have a mortgage on 
one of the fitrms." 

The aflitbivitB which lie here mentions, as 
ex|i€ctc<i from Cornwall, were those required 
in proof of the marriage of Admiral Byron 
with Miss Trcvanion, the solemnbuuion of 
which huviiig taken ploce, as it appears, in a 
private chapel at Carhais, no rcpiliir ccrti- 
fieatc of tJie ceremony eouhl be produced. 
The delay in procuring other evidence, cou- 
pled with the refusal of Lord CarliHle to 
aflord any explanations rcsjicrtine hiM &unity, 
interposed those difficulties which be alludes 
to in the way of his taking hi^ scat. At 
length, all the ncccssarv proofs having been 
obtained, he, on the 13lFi of March, presented 
himself in tlif Hmise of Lords, in a state 
more lone and unhHcnded, perhaps, than any 
youth of his high stution had ever before been 
reduced to on suchanoccasion, — not having 
a single indi\-idual of hla own class either to 
take nim by the hand as fViend or acknow- 
ledge him as acqnnintanee. To chance alnnc 
was he even indebted for iK-ing accompunicd 
as Ctr OS the bar of the House by a vtry 
distant rebtive, who had been, little more 
than a vear before, an utter stnmiier to hJin. 
Thi>i relutire wii» Mr. DiilUiit ; aiid the act:uunt 
which he has given of the whole scene is too 
striking in. all its iletails to be related in any 
other words than bis own : — 

" The Satire whs published about the 
middle of Marrh, previous to which he took 
Im seal in the House of Lords, oa the I'lth 
of the same month. On that day, passing 
down St. James'h Street, but with no in- 
tention of calling, I saw his chariot at his 
door, and went in. His countenance, paler 
than iiMiinl, showtnl that hi» mind wa.s agiM- 
ted, and that he was thinking of ilu! noble- 
man to whom he had once looked for a hand 
anil connlenante in hi^ intniductlon to the 
House. lie said to me — 'I am glad j'ou 
happened to come in -, I am going to tjdce 
my Stat, perhaps you will go with me.' I 
expressed my readincHS to attend him ; while, 
at the same time. I concealed the shock 1 
fck on thinking thiit this young mim, who 
by birth, fortune, and talent, atood hi|;>h in 
life. mhoLild have lived so unconnected and 
neglected by jjeruons of Ins own rank, that 
there was not a single meiulier of the senate 
I to whii'li he belonged to whom he could or 
would apply to introduce him in a manner 
becoming his birth. I saw that he ftit the 
situation, and I fully partook his iudigna- 


" Afler some talk about the Satire, the 
last sheets of which were in the ra-eas. I ac- 
companied Lord B^Ton to the House. He 
waa received in one of the ante-chamliers by 
some of the officers in attendance, with whom 
he Mettled res{)ecttng the fees he had tn pay. 
One of them went to afiprise the Lord 
Chancellor of his being there, and mmh i^ 
turned for him. There were very few pef^ 
fions in the House. Lord Eldon wai eain| 
through some ordinary business. nlien 
Lord BjTon entered, I thought he looked 
Ktill paler than Itefore ; luid he certainly wore 
a countenance in which mortification wm 
mingled with, but subdued by, indignation. 
He passed the wot>l,sacX without lookiog 
round, and advanced to the table where tke 
proper officer waa attcnduig to admuusta 
the oaths. When he had gnnr tlininrfi them, 
ihi! ChanreHor quitted his seat, and went 
towards him with a smile, putting out his 
hand warmly Ui welcome him ; and, chough 
1 did nut catch his words, 1 saw that he paid 
him some compliment. This was all thiwra 
awny u{>on Lord Byron, who made a tttif 
b<»w, and put the tips of his fingers into the 
Chancellor's hand. The Chancellor did not 
nrcas a welcome so received, but reatimed 
liu Kcat ; while Lord Byroa carelesiily seated 
himself for a few minutes on one of the empty 
benches to the left of the throne, usuulj 
tici.'upied by the lords hi opponitiou. What, 
on his Juiiiing me, I exprui>})et.I what I had 
felt, he .said—' If I hud shaken hands hearlilv, 
he would have set nie down fur one of hu 
pitrty — hut 1 will have nothing to do with 
any of them, on either side ; I have taken 
my seat, and now I will go idirtuul.' We re- 
turned to Ht. Jame^'ti Street, but he did not 
recover his spirits." 

To this account of a ceremonial so tiring 
to the proud spirit engaged in it, and so little I 
hkuly to altate the btttcrfeclingof misanthroiiT ' 
now growing upon him, I am enabled to fkdd, 
from ni.>> own report in one of hi.<i iioic-hookit, 
tlie [jarticulara of the short conversation 
which he held with the Lord Chancellor on 
the oiTusion : — 

" When I catnc of age, some delay's, on ac- 
count of some birth and marriage certificates 
from Cornwall, occasioned me not to tnke 
my neat for several week.i. When these were 
over, and I had taken the oaths, the Chan- 
cellor apologised to me for the d<'luy, ob- 
sen-itig ' timt these funiis were a i>art of his 
ttiiltf.^ I begged him to make no apology, and 
added (as he certainly had shown nonolent 
hurry). 'Your Lordship was exactly like 
Tom Thumb ' (which van tlxen being acted) 
— ' you did your ditltf, and you did m) more*" 

In n few dayx ahvt, the Satirr made its 
BplH-omnce ; and uiic of the fir;!>t copies waa 






lent, with the foUowii^ letter, to hU friend 
hlr. Uurness. 




" «. St. J«iiiei'i StrHi, Httfh 14. lAW. 
" There was no ntteAsity tor jmir i-xcu^cs : 
if )xm have time and jnctiiiation lo write, ' tnr 
wut wc rrct-tvc. ihu Lunl mnkc us thanUul,' 
—if 1 do not hear from you, I conHolc^ oiyiielf 
virb the idea tliat yoa are much more agree- 
■bly employed. 

" I send down to you by this post a eertaia 
fkAv lulety published, and in return for the 
three and MX[Wtict- i'X|wnditiireiipoD it, only 
bee thut if vou should gue^i the author, you 
Tul keep i)U name secret ; at leaiit fur the 
prewiit. London is full of the Duke's btisi- 
oeu. ' The Commoiu have ttecn nt it these 
liLrt three nights, and are not yet eume lo a 
rfedsion. I do not know if the aiTuir will be 
brought liefiire our IIdum^ unless in the 
llJupe of an inipeuchmeiil. If it umkes its 
<nce in » debatutile fonn, I lieUcve I 
II be tempted tu wy MiriiethuiL; un the 
fact. — I am glad to hear you like Cim- 
fipitly. bcenuse, to know dtat you 
ty is pleaiNUit to ont* who wiidics 
possible sublunary enjoyment ; and, 
dly, I admire the morality of the scn- 
Ahna AlaU-r was to me injatta 
and the old beldam only gave me 
my M. A. degree bcemiso idle could not 
(raid it. ' — Vou know what a larce a noble 
Ckfttab. must perform. 
' ** I am eoins abrood, if possible, in the 

r'n«, and belnrc I deport I ani coHectiiw 
liietiireit i^* my moat iutiuiulc Kchool- 
~ 1owa ; I iuiTc almidy a few, and aliall want 
or my rutiirict uill Iw iiiromplete, I 
ted one of the first uiiniature 
^^_^ be day to take tliem, of course, 
my own expense, as 1 never allow mv ac- 
quainunee to im^ur the IcuHt cx|>en(liture to 
{ratify a whim of mine. To mention this 
aa? seem indelii-ate ; but when I tell yon a 
■ of ouns firrf n-fused lo hit, under the 
It he «m> to di.slnirse on the occafaiun, 
SVC that it in ncce'Mary to ctate 
tprelinitniuics to prevent the recurrence 
ly nmilor mistake. I ^hatl sec you in 
and will carry you to the Gmner. It 

* {Th« tanstlRUloa, then goiog on. In th# lloutc vf 
tSoamnu*. uf Utc chMV<« broogbt acaliut Ui* Doia of 
rVockby CuloMl Wuitm.} 

■ la muOm Mtor lo Mr. lUroMi, dtfed Ptbnurr, 

I nv, to Mn> " I do Ma know kew jrog «i4 Ainu MaUr 

I Buhui AD uDlaoiaTd child mywIt'Dd ItMllne 

I A* (md UJty ami btv brat wvfv •qtMny twM**^ vbwi I 

1 , «oil ir 1 otitalned bar tMMdlctlaft«l pvUnt, 

k «a^ H bMt. rquirocal." 

' f Whm 1 mntonbcr," «qrt Lord D|TDa, In a acdr 

I at MMiDd cMHo of Chllde HvoU, » Ihtf, ■ tbort ttme 

will be a tax on your patience for a week ; 
but pniy excuse it, as it is |>o!t&il>le tlic ro 
Kmblancc may be the sole truce I shall be 
able to preserrc of our past friendidiip and 
acquaintance. Just now it seems louliah 
etiuiigh ; but in a few years, when some uf us 
are dead, and others are sepanited by in- 
evitable circuiu-stumeji, it will be u kind of 
satisfaction to retain in tliese images of the 
living the idea of our former sflve*. and to 
contemplate, in the resemlilunccs of the dead, 
all that remains of judgment, feeling, and a 
host of pasiioDS. But all thix will be dull 
enough lur you, and so good nigbt ; and to 
end my chapter, or rather my homily, bchcve 
me, my dear U., yours most afiectionutely." 

In this romantic design of collecting t<^ 
gether the portraitii of hit school friends, we 
see t^LC natural working of an ardent and 
di^appobitcd hejirt, wtiiiib, us the future 
Ih^uh lu darken upon it, clung with fondness 
to the recoUectiona uf the pimt ; and, in 
denpalr of finding new and true fricndit, yiuw 
no napjiincs!) but in nrcitcn'ing all it could of 
the old. But even here. Ids sensibility had 
to encounter one of those freezing cliecks, 
to which feeliiWt so much above the ordinary 
temperature of the world, are but too con- 
stantly expoiwd ( — it beinfi Erom one of the 
very nienda thus fondly valued by him, that 
he experienced, on leaving Eneland, that 
mark of neglect of whii-h he so mdignantly 
complains in a note on the sccund cunto of 
Childe Harold. — contrasting with this con- 
duct the fidelity and deroteihiess he had 
just found in his Turkish aervaiiL, Dervish.3 
Mr. I>a]laj>, wlio witnessed the immediate 
effect of this Hlight u[Km Imii, thus describes 
his emotion ; — 

" I found him bursting with indignation. 
' Will you believe it?' said he, ' I have jtut 
met * * *, and asked him to come and Mt an 
hour with me: he e^ccuscd himself; and 
what do you think wjts his euaise ? He was 
enj^ged with hi^ mother and some ladiei> to 
go sIiDpping! And he knows 1 set uut to> 
morrow, to be absent for yenrs, perhaps 
never to return I — Friendship! I do not 
believe I shall leave behind me, yourself and 
^ily excepted, and pcrhain my mother, a 

bttaro mf deputUTC tram KntUtuL m iioU« imd mott 
iBtltnoto u>ikIm« had nvwfd lilmM-if frum Uklnjc loaro 
uttuf tmauiM be had to itKriid s ntatlca >loa milliner'*.' 
1 fvlt DO If** »iupri*«d ihui humllUtMl by Oip prt^cnt 
ocoimntMi and Uin put rmllMttim. That DenUh 
wuuld bw«» too vHh Mine rctprt waa lo hr ri|ir<-Ud i 
when nNutor aad man ban bMn pmmbllns ottr Iho 
BiMinMna of a daim proTioc** lo«Hhi-r. Itirj tnr un* 
«miiifflt>*<tMn>4t ^°^ '>'■ pmnrt fmliup. cun[f«»t>>d 
wUh liU DaU*« fcradlr, Inpnnnl my oyinlon of Ibe 
bumau bout."— Sa* Worka, p. 7G3.] 





single being who will cnre what becomes of 

me.' ■ 

From his cxprcssiona in a letter to Mrs. 
fi^Ton, uln'iulv cited, that he must " do soiao- 
thing in the House soon," as well as from a 
more defiiiite intimntion of the same intention 
to Mr. Harness, it would appear that he hud, 
Bt this time, serious thuughts of at once en- 
tering on the high jKihtical iiath which his 
HUion as an herccUtBry lecialator opened to 
him. But, whatever may DBTe been the fint 
noveiaentii of his amhition in ihts direction, 
they were soon reUnquished. Had he been 
connected with any distinguished politicaJ 
&milie8, hii love of eminence, seconded by 
Euch example and sympathy, would hare im- 
pelled hiin, no doubt, to seek renown in the 
fielda of |>arty wurfarc, where it might have 
been his fate to ajFord o single instance of 
that tranNmuting pnu'cifi by wliicli, a» I'opc 
Bays, the corruption of u jioet sometimes Itads 
to the generation of a statesman. Luckily, 
however, for the world (though wheth«r 
luckily for himself may be iguestioned), the 
bri-rfiter emjpjre of poesy was deiit'med 10 
claim him all its own. The lonelincs», indeed, 
of his position in society ni this period, lefl 
destitute, as he was, of all those sanctions 
and ayropathiefi, by which youth at its first 
start is usually surrounded, was, of itself^ 
enough to diiKcourage him fmra embarking in 
11 piirstiitf where it is chieHy on tiuch ex- 
trinsic advantages that any cluuice of ^success 
must depend. So &r {rem taking an active 

[lart in ine proceedings of his noble brethren, 
ic appears to have regMrdcd even the cere- 
mony of his attendance among them »s irk- 
some and mortifying ; and in u few days after 
his admission to his mhU, he withdrew him- 
self in disgust to tlic seclusion of his own 
Abbey, there to broud over the hittcruess of 
premature experience, or meditate, hi the 
scenes and, adventures of other lands.a freer 
outlet for his impatient spirit than it could 
command at home. 

It was not long, however, before he was 
summoned bark to town by the success of 
his Satire, — the quick sale of which already 
rendered the preparation of a new edition 
nece-wary. His zealouK agent, Mr. Dallas, 
hud taken core to tnuiamit to him, in hi.s re- 
tirement, all the favourable opinions of the 
work he could collect ; and it is not una- 
musing, as showing the sort of steps by which 
Fame at fir^t mounts, to find the approbation 
of such amhoritics as Pratt and the miigazine 
writers put forward ainong the hrst rewards 
But encouragements of a Byron. 

I (Sir Rkhuil PhUllpc. tb« tmoluvUcT sod putdUiffr. 
H« wM knlghud La ism.l 


*■ You are already (he says) pretty geno- 
rally known to Itc the author. So Cawthom 
tella me, and a proof occurred to myself at 
Hatchard's, the Queen's Iioc^scIIlt. Oh 
inquhing for the Satu-c, he told mc that he 
hud ituld a gr(»t miuiy, and had none left, 
and was going to send for more, which I 
afterwanis found he did. I asked who wbi 
the author V He said it was betiove<l to be 
Lord Byron's. Did he believe it ? Yes be 
did. On asking the ground of his belief he 
told me that a lady of diiitinctioa had, with- 
out bnitition, asked for it as Lord Byron '^ 
Satire. He likewise informed me thai 
he had inquired of Mr. (jillurd, who frv- 

3uents his shop, if it was yours. Mr. (liffurd 
enied any knowledge of the mithor. but 
spoke very higlily of it, and said a copy had 
been sent to him. Ilntcbfu'd assured sue 
that all who came tc bin reading-room admired 
it. Cawtliorn tells me it is universally well 
Kpoken of, not only among his own customcir, 
but generally at all the booksellers*. I henrd 
it highly praised at my own publisher^ii, where 
1 have lately culled several times. At Ph3- 
lips's ' it was re^td aloud by Pratt to a circle 
of literary guests, who were imanimous in 
tbeir applause : — The Anti-^ncobin, as well 
ai the (n'ntk-nien'H MagTizine, has ahradr 
blown the tnuup of fame for you. We shall 
see it in the other Reviews next month, and 
probably in some severely handled, aceonling 
to the connection of the (voprictors uiu 
editors with those whom it huhes." 

On bis arrival in London, towards the end 
ot April, he found the first edition of his 
poem nearly exhauLSted ; and set immediately 
about prep^ng another, to which he drtcr- 
mined to prefix hia name. Tlie additions he 
now made to the work were considerable, — 
near a hundred new lines being introduced 
at tlie very oticning''. — and it was not till 
about the middle ol the enduing month that 
the new edition was ready to go to preci. 
He had, during his Bb.i«>nce from town, fixed 
definitely with his friend, Mr. Hobbouse, 
that they should leave England together on 
the following June, and it was his wish to sec 
the last proofs of the volume corrected before 
his departure. 

Among the new features of this edition., 
vas a Po.ttscript to the Satire, in prose, 
which Mr. Dallas, much to the cnxlit of hif 
discretion and taste, most earnestly entreated 
the {Knet to suppress. It is to be regrettsd 
that the adviser did not succeed in bis efibtt^ 
a.4 there runs a tone of bravado through tha 
ill-judged cffmiion. which it is, ut all tiinei. 

1 Th' pavm, in (be Snit idltion, twgui at lit* Un«, 
" Time mtt ae jH, bi tfaew deteacrau ibft." 


jBt. si. 



painful to tee a hme man assume. > For 
BftCaacc : — "It [Day be said," he observes, 
** that I quit Bng;land Iwcaatc 1 liavi; ren> 
cured tltCM: ' pcrwins of hooour anil wit 
about town ;' but I bid coming back oKniny 
aoJ their vengeance will keep liot till mv 
return. Tho»c wbo know me can tcstilj' 
that my motive* for leaving England ore 
veiy diffttfent from fears, hte-niry or per- 
tonal ; thcMo who ilu not umy be one iluv 
cunrinceil. Since tlie publication of this 
^ng, my name lius not been concculetl ; 1 
huvc been lUMtly in London, rcad^' to answer 
Ibrmy tranagrescions.&nd in daily expectation 
' of sundry caiteb j hut. ula-s, ' the age of 
(hiralry u over,* or, in the vulgar tongue, 
Ukere is no spirit now-n-^lByN." 

But, whate%'cr may huvc been the faults 
or inducretioiu of this Satire, there are few 
vho would now sit in judi^nctit ufK>n it 
n serercly as did tlie uuihor liiinaclt', on 
iradinv it over nine years after, when he had 
quitted Ensland, never to return. The copy 
vhich he then perused is now In the posaes- 
of Mr. Murray, and the remarks wliicli he 
kaa acrifabled over itn pne;e:4 arc welt worth 
tmBCtiliine. On the first leaf we find — 

** The btmlim; of this volume is consider- 
^j loo nluable for il.s rontmtA. 

" Ndhoig but the consideration of its being 
the prapcny of another p^eve^t^ me from 
coonfiuiie tots mifienibU' ri^cunl of iimplaeed 
wuer and indiscriminate acriuony to the 
Suies. "B." 

Ojiposile tbe passage, 

" to b« milled 
9j J«A«7^ hmn, or Lamb'! B^aotUa bud," 

■ written, "This waif not jtuit. Neither the 
kevt oor the head of thei>e gentlemen arc 
St an what thev are here represented." 
AImc the whole of the severe veriies nguiimt 
Mr. Wordsworth he has AcrawLed " rnjusc," 
— and the same verdict is affixed to tbo^ 
a^nst Mr. Coleridge. On his unineasiired 
Mtadiopon Mr. Bowles, the comment it, — 
"Too aavbge all this on Bowles ;" ami down 
tfcc amrpa of tJie page containitijt the lines, 

■ DoUth to immortal Jeffrey," &c. lie writca, 
—•Too ferocious— this is mere insanity ;" 
•sddiu^, on the verses that follow (" Caa 
aaoe remeinbcr that eventful day'i'"&c.}, 

^^^" tbia is bad, because personal* 

abnNlf b>>«n fTOMly tniultMl hj otim 
^MfrDB tomewlMl llli«(caUr cotK*l«wl tbal 
F^Btskt taall MC oDly Uma. but rvvtjr body rbc; 
r «n1 tMni US bad rMMnrn ; tiut tbrir bunt* ut 
iflt. apMteUr •Am faiuaUUtlnn. "t nc4 In-kvuluM. 
BVMnpbrwo— b« vuddklrat to moIimm; and 
f ^ iM^rifl tbal i>< fr~**< ibe ' diKtvUiin ami U*tc ' a( 

\ M 1*li1W. «d tl M UV)>r*(K>*lr UlDMWl bj mtTTJ 

Somctimei, howerer, he shows a dispo- 
sition to st4rad by his original decisions. 
'ItiuN. on thcpaviaf^ relating to a writer of 
certain obacure Epic»^ (v. 7U3.), he says,— 
" All right ;" adiUnc, of the snime person, "I 
8UW xome letters of this fellow to an uiifur- 
tunate poetess, whoiW productions (which 
the poor woman by no mean-t thoij{:ht vainly 
of) he attacked lio roughly and bitterly, that 
I could hardly recTvt osKailing him ; — even 
were it unjust, which it is not ; for, verily, 
he u an asB," On tlie strong tines, too (v. 
9j3.). upon Clarke (a writer in a magazine 
called the Satirist), he remarks, — "Right 
cnouf^h. — this was well desen-ed, and well 
laid on.** 

To the whole paragraph, beginning " Illus- 
triona Holtani]," arc affixed the words " Bad 
enough ; — and on mistaken gnninds besides." 
The bitter verses agwnst LonI Carlisle he 
pronounces " Wrong also ; — the provot:ation 
was not sufficient to jujilify such acerbity ;" 

— and of a subsequent note respecting the 
same nobleman, he says, " Much too navuge, 
whatever the fonndation may be." Of Rosa 
Matilda fv. 738.) he telU us. " She has since 
miu-ricd the Morning Po5t» — nn exceeding 
good match." To the verses, " When some 
brisk jouth, tlie tenant of a stall," See, he 
has annfiided the following intcrcating note : 

— *■ This wa.s mcatit Ht poor Blackett, who 
was then patronisfd by A. I. B. ^ ; — but 
that I did not know, or this would not have 
been written ; at luut 1 think not." 

Farther on. where Mr. Campbell and 
other poets are mentioned, the following 
gingle on the names of tlieir respective poema 
IS scribbled : — 

" I'retif Hlu Ju^DtUan 
Uad « BiM« «^u1Ub« I 
And wdoU antn rada 
Tbtnp of HlM Ccrtmde ; 
Who* Ut. UurnlM) 
L»d s fmt imf on, 
MaklDR Kebanis look 
Like a flrme MuDkluke." 

OiJposile the paragTaph in praise of Mr. 
Crabhe he has written, " I consider Crubbc 
and Coleridge as the fin>t of these times in 

I mint of power and genius." On his own 
ine, in a subsequent paragraph, " And glory 
like the phornix mid her fires," he says, com- 
ically, "The devil take that pha-nix — how 

Moorv, I* a orry proper (imkUoI to Mich a po*nn ai 
' EngUih Bardi and Scotch Hin-|«wm."* — Wiuon, 

> ^JoMph Co«le. a bookidlcr of BrlKol, aotlior of 
" alfrrd, an Kplc In tw«i]tT.fDur SraAs." Did " Fall ot 
Cambria." " Borlf ttecaUHtknt of Calartdg*," Ac] 

* Lftdj D)7aa, Ibn Uiii Hnbanke. 




came! it tliere '/ '* and his concluding remark 
on the whole poem is as follows : — 

■■ Tlie ^eatcr part of this Satire I most 
sincerely wish hail im-cr l»een written ; not 
only oil aci'ount of the intusticc of much of 
the critical and some of the personal part of 
it, but the tune and temper arc Ruch as 1 
cannot iippmve. " Btron. 

" DIodAU, Genen, Juljr 14. 19tS." 

While engaged in preparing his new edition 
for the press, he was also eaily dispensing 
the hospitalities of NewsteaJ to a party of 
young college firicnds, whom, with rhe riro- 
•pect of so long on absence from Emjlnnd, he 
bad mscmblcd rnunJ him ut the: AMii^y, for 
a aort of festive farewell. The following 
letter fixwn one of the party, Charles Skiiini;r 
Matthews, thoudi i-ontaiiiing much lesH of 
the noble host liimntrlf than we could have 
wished, yet. as a picture, taken freshly ami 
at the moment, of a »(-cnc xu pregnant with 
character, will. I have little doubt, be highly 
acceptable to the rcmler. 


" LoudtHi, MarailWB. 

" My dear ;-, 

" I must begin with giview; you a few 

riarticuliu^ of the singular place which 1 have 
itcly quittetl. 

" Ncwstcad Abbey is situate 136 miles 
from London, — four on this side MamfieUI. 
It li Ro Rnc a piece of antiquity, thut I 
should think there must be n description, and, 
perhaps, a picture of It in (irodc. Tho an- 
cestors of its present owner came into pos^ 
session of it at the time of the diititohition of 
the monattcries. — but the building itself is 
of a much earlier date. Though sadly fallen 
to decay, it is still coiopletulv an ufrbry, and 
most part of it is still standing in ttie &ainc 
stale as when it wan first built. There arc 
two tiers of cloisters, with a vunety of celld 
and rooma about them, which, though not 
inhabited, nor in an inhabitable state, might 
canily be made ho ; and niuny of the original 
rooms, amongst which is a fntc Sitonc Imll, 
are Ntill in une. Of the Mwy churcti onlv 
one end n^tiains ; and the old kitchen, witli 
a long range of apartments, is reduced to a 
heap of rubbish. Leading from the abbey to 
the modem part of the hubitjitiou in a noWe 
room seventy feet in length, and twenty-three 
in hrenilth : but every part of the hniLse <li»- 
playa neglect and decay, save those which 
the present Lord has lately fitted up. 

"The house ami gardens are entirely swr- 
rutniilcd by a wall with Itutilemenls. In 
&oiit is a large lake, bordered here and there 


Tith castellated buildings, the chief of which 
stands on an eminence at the further ex- 
tremity of it. Fancy all this Kurrounded 
with bleak and barren hills, with scarce a 
tree to be »een for miles, except b solitary 
clump or two, anil you will have some idea 
of Ncwstead. For the late Lord being at 
enmity with hir; son, to whom the estate was 
secured by entail, re-solved, out of spite to 
the same, that the estate should descend to 
him in as miscnd>lc a plight as he coidd 
possibly reduce it to ; for which csum?, be 
look no core of the mansion, and fell to 
lopping of every tree he co\dd lay his hands 
on. so (uriouslv, that he reduced immense 
tracts of woo(fland country to the desolate 
Hitulc I hBVc just tlescrilied. Howe^'cr, his 
son died before him, so that all his rngc was 
thrown away. 

" So much for the place, concerning which 
I have thrown together these few particulars, 
meaning my account to be. like the place 
itself, without any order or connection. But 
if the place itself apiwar rather strange to 
you, the wnys of Ine inhabitants will not 
appear much less so. Ascend, then, with 
jne the halt steps, that I may introduce you 
to mv Lord and his >i&ita»ts. But hare a 
cure iiow yon proceed ; be mindful to go 
there in broad dayhght, and with your eyes 
about you. For, should you make any 
blunder, — should you go to the right of ibe 
hall steps, you are laid hold of by a bear ; 
and should you go to the lefV, yoiu- case is 
still worse, lor you run full against a wolf! 
— Nor, when you have attained the door, is 
your danger over ; for the hall being decaved, 
and tiicrcforc standing in need of repair, a 
be%-y of inmates are very probably bannng 
at one end of it with their pistols ; so uiat 
if you enter without giving loud notice of 
your approach, you have only escaped the 
wolf and the bear to expire hy the pistoU 
shots of the merry monks of NewKteau. 

** (hir party consisted of Lord BjTon and 
four others, and was, now and then, increased 
by the presence of a neighbouring punoo. 
As for our way of living, the order of die 
day was gmenilly thiH : — for breakfast we 
had DO set hour, but each suiic<i hli own 
convenience, — every thing remaining on the 
table till the whole party had done i though 
had one wished to breakfast at the early 
hour of ten, one would have been rather 
lucky to fijij atu' of the servants up. (Hir 
average hour of rliiiag was one. I, who 
genenilly pot up between eleven and twelve, 
was always, — even when an invalid, — the 
first of the party, and wa^ ealecrned a pn>digy 
oC early ri'img. It was frequently j'ast two 
before the breakfast party broke up. Then, 


, ^T. 21. 



hr the amujenieiits of the mckming, there 
««B rouGiK, &ncio(;. singlo-atick, or Bhuttic> 
cock, in tnc great ruum ; practising with 
pHtoliinthehall ; walking — rtdijii; — cricki:t 
— ^ding on the lukv, plnnn^ witli ijie bu^, 
or taaang the wotf. Between seven and 
eight we dined ; and our evenini; lusted 
from the! time till one, Iwn, or three in the 
■Kwiuny. The creniag diversions may be 
casUt conceived. 

** I must not omit the custom of hnndin); 
jmatd, after dinner, on the removol of the 
dodl, A human skull filled with bnrjEiindy, 
After rcrelUnc on choice viands, and tlic 
finest winea of France, wc at^oumcd to tea, 
vliere we amused ourselves with reading, or 
IBfWOving conversation, — each.accordini; to 
ha &ocy, — and, after Hundwichcs, &c. re- 
tired to rest. A set of monkish dresses, 
vloefa bad been provided, with ull the proper 
Mparatua of crosses, beads, tonsures ^c. 
am gsre ■ variety to our appearance, and 
to oar purvmts. 

"You nay esKity imagine how chagrined 
I WM at being ill nearly the first half of the 
tiac I WftS then*. But I was led into a very 
flercnt reffcctiun from that of Dr. Swift, 
vbo left Pope's house without ceremony, 
ttd a ft fl n i Mtk informed him, by letter, that 
k vfts bnpOMbk: for two sick mends lo live 
tqgtch cr ; for I found my Ehircring and 
inalid frame ao perpetually annoved by the 
ikoc^tleaa and tnmnltuouft health of every 
oae iiiotit me. that 1 heartily wiNlied every 
mil in the house to be as ill as myself. 
The joumev- buck 1 perfoniutl on foot, 
",cT with another of the guests. • We 
about twenty-live miles a day ; but 
a vrtck on the nxul, from beuig de> 
tdMil by the rain. 

* Bo here I close my account of an expe- 
4kion which has somewhat extended my 
kw«M|:e of thin country. And where do 
JM think I am going next ? To Con- 
Mmtinople ! — at least, such an excursion 
te been proposed to roe. LonI B. and 
meiter friend of mine arc goini; thither next 
«0a^ and have asked roe to join the party; 
hm it seons to be but a wild scheme, and 
leqaiics twice tliinking upon. 

* Addio, my dear L. yours very afTvcliuii- 

-C. 8. Matthews." 

fcring pet the finishing hand to hU new 
l^teoaTne. without waiting for the fresh 
that were in store for him, took 

•plr tUit<Mnu&] 

■f l*wi I* 'I* •M<'<t pBMac*'. thU pocni •xhtblta mor« 
I « *■*■«• sallw Uu of lut<.-Uortua) MrMxUi. lu 
MMHft«|Moiea«ideatf(MknKNi«b, bBtUuiwi 

leave of London (whither he had returned) 
on the llth of June. and. iu ahtmt a fort- 
night after, sailed fur Lisbon. 

tireat as was the advance which liis powers 
luid made, undirr the inHuetici; of that re- 
sentment Irom which he now drew his inspir- 
ation, they were yet, even in his Satire, at 
an iiiiiiteu'^iirable distance from the point to 
which they afterwards so triumphantly rose. 
It is, indeed, remarkable that, cssentinlly as 
his genius seemed connected with, and, as it 
wert', bfiringing out of his character, the de- 
velopment of the one should so long have 
preceded the full maturity of the res-ourccs 
of the other. By her very carlv and rapid 
expansion of his sensibilities, feature had 
pvtn him notice of what she dc-stined him 
fur, long before he understood tlie call ; and 
those materials of poetry with whiih his 
own fiTvid teni|ierajnfnt alajundcd were but 
by slow degrees, and after mut*h splf-mcdi- 
tiiiion, revealed to him. In his Satire, thouah 
vi^urou^. there is hut little foretaste of the 
wunih-rfi that followed it. His fpiric was 
stirred, but he had not yet looked down into 
itK dejrths, nor dow even his bitterness taste 
of the bottom of tlie heart, liiic those sar- 
casma which he afterwards flung in the &cc 
of mankind. Still less had the other count- 
\csis focWn^ and passions, with which his 
soul bud been long laboui^ng, found an organ 
worthy of them ; — the gloom, the grandeur, 
the tenderness of his nature, all wrre left 
without a vuit-c, tilj his mijihty genius, at 
last, awakened in its strength. ^ 

In fitoopuig. at) lie did, to write after es- 
tablished models, as well in the Satire as in 
his still carber poems, he showed how little 
he had yet explored bis own origioa) re- 
sourcoti, or found out those distinctive marks 
by which he was to be known througli all 
times. But, bold and energetic as was his 
gt-neral character, lie was, in a remarkable 
degree, diffident in his intellectual irawers. 
The conKciouMicss of what he couM achieve 
was hut by degrees forced upon him, and 
the disco^'cry of so rich a mine of genius in 
his soul came with no less 5urj)n5c on himself 
thuii on tlie world. It waa from the same 
slowness of lelf-appreciation thst, afterwards, 
in the full flow of his funic, he long doubted. 
as we Hball see, his own aptitude for workd 
of wit and humour, — liu tlie happy ei- 
periinent of " Bepjio " at once dissipated this 
dbtnist, and opened a new region of triumph 
to hia TcrsaLile and boimdless powers. 

But, however far short of lumseU" his first 

(ov. If may, tracM of nfiiiMl srt, and, vf Troturv lo **J, 
aortt of th« ntriata/ttvtiat of Kcniut. Wr iLiHild nltar 
clitfKtDrU* U ai a onart lampoaa tbaa u S tIcwous 
uUte."—Qwmn. 8*9. 1S8I.] 
G 2 


writings must be considered, there u iu his 
Satire a lirclinciu of thought, an<l still more 
a vigour uiiJ courage, which, concurnii>; \rith 
the justice of his cause and the 5ym|jatJitcs 
of the public on hi^ side, could not fail to 
attach instant ctlfbrity tQ lib* nnnie. Not- 
withstanding, too, the general baldness and 
recUessnesa of his tone, tlierc irere occa- 
sionally mtngted with this dc&ince sumc 
■Uusioiu to hb own fate and chafacter, 
whose affecting canicstnea« seemed toansircr 
for their truth, unJ which were of a nature 
strongly to Bwuken curiosity as well aa bi- 
tcrest. One or two of tbe«e passages, as 
illustnitiTe nf the Ktutu of hiH niinJ at this 
period, I sIuiLl lierc extract. The looiic and 
unfenccd state in which his youth was lefl to 
grow wild upon the world is thus toucbingly 
alluded to : — ' 

" Er'D I. leut UtlnUiig ot a tbougbtteu throog, 
Juit (kliruiokiiuw Oic right uidcboatetlie wrong, 
Freed tt tbat v* ■tbrn tUaion'* (hliU it loit 
To flcht ttf cwuM through Puilon'i conotlMi ho«t, 
Wbooi vfWTf pub of PI«Mim*a tamrnij vmj 
Hm tarnt In lurn, «id all have led niuxf ■ — 
Kv^D I mutt rftUe iD|r voJcv, eT*n I pinit fi«l. 
Such icenat, tuch men dMtroj th« public ir»Al : 
Although tODW hind. Rfuorioiu triemi will lajr, 
' Wli4t art thdu bttter, nMddUnit fool >, ihao Ihpy 'i ' 
And rttry broihrr Rak^ wQI tmllo to mo 
Thai mjrkcle, a Morallil. lu me." 

But the passage in which, ha&tily thrown 
off as it is, wc find the Btrongeat traces of 
that wounded feeling, which bleeds, as it 
were, through all hia subsequent writings;, is 
the foUowii^ : — 

" The ttmc hath bma. when no hinh toitiul winild bll 
Prata llpt th«t now majr tmn Imbutxl with gall. 
Nor fooli Mr foltlM tempt nae to dMplmi 
Tba mcanoat Ihlai QtM enmVA tM>n««ih my «res. 
But DOW w alloui crown, in chanstd Uam juulh."itc. 

Some of the causea that worked this 
duuige ir hia charm:ter have l>een indtnated 
in the course of the preceding pages. That 
there was no tinge of bitterncas in hi* 
lutund disposition, we have abundant tes- 
timonr, btnides his own. to prove. Though, 
as a child, ocai-iinnnlly passionate and hemU 
stroog, his docility uml tindness towards 
tbotfe who were them&elvea kiiiil, is acknow- 
ledged by al! ; and " plajful " and " nflcction- 
atc"are hivariublj' the (^pithet.s by which 
chose who knew hini in hia childhood couvey 
their imprea-sion of his character. 

Of all the qualitieji, indeed, of hb; nature, 
aflcctioiiatenesK seems to have been the 
most ardent and most deep. A disposition, 

I In tli» MS. rMnarki nn hli Sifin?, to which 1 hne 
alKftitf rrfrrml. hp, on thU pauoyo — " Vra. lad a 
piMt7 (Ucce thnjr luvw Inl mu." 

* ** Fool that, and but UuU vlier nov." 

on his own ode. to form strong attachments, 
and a yeanuiig desire after affection in re^ 
turn, were the fi:«ling and tlie want dut 
formed the drcaoi and torment of his ei- 
iateucc. \Vc liavc seen with what passionale 
enthusiasm he threw hiinsclf into nis boyilb 
fricn<lMhip!j. The aU-absorbing and unmc- 
cessful lovu thai foltowcd wab, if I may so 
su^-, the agony, without being the deatli', of 
thu unsated de<tire, which UtuU oo through 
his life, and fdlt^l his poetry with the very 
Koul of tenderness, lent the colouring of its 
light to even those unworthy tic« which 
vanity or (lUKston led hini afterwards to form, 
and WHS the last aspiration of bis fervid 
spirit m those Btanzas written but a &w 
monthii befort^ hi.s death : — 

" 'Til tlnio thli htMtt should tK u&oioTed. 
Slni-«t iiUii-r* it hai oeaMd to not* ; 
Yet. Uiouxh I cannot b« bdored, 

[t is much, I own, to be questioned, 
whetJier, even under the most favourable 
circumstances, a dinposition such as I hare 
hi:re described cuuld have et»capcd tdttnaie 
disappointment, or found any where areatin^ 
place for itJi imaginings and desires. But, in 
the case of Lord Byrou, disapiwintmcnt nut 
him on the vcrj- threshold of life. Ilia mother, 
to whom hi:* aflTi-cliuns (inft, naturally whJi 
ardour, turned, either repelle<l them njdeir, 
or capriciously trifled with them. Inspoi^ 
ing of his early day^ to a friend at Genoa,! 
short time before hii* departure for flreecc^ 
liK traced the first fecUngs of pain and hil- 
miliatiun hi; had ever knonvn to the coldness 
with which his mutli«r hiid rt^eived his cs- 
resses in infiinc}', and the frt-tjuciit taimts oo 
his pentotial deformity with which she hod 
wouudi;d htm. 

The sympntliy of o sister's love, of ait the 
utHuences on the mind of a youth the iDOit 
softening, was also, in his early days, denied 
to him, — his sLstcr Augufita and he having 
seen but little of each other wliile young. | 
A vent thr4iugh the calm channel of domestic 
affectiumi uii»ht have brought down thcbi^'h 
current of his fcelingK to a level nearer 
that of the world he had to tiBverse, attd 
thus saved them from the tumultuous rapidi 
uni] falls to which this early elevation, in 
their ufter-course, exposed them. In the 
dearth of all bome-^rDdeonncnts, his 
had no other resoiu-ce Imt in those I 
friendships which he formed at school ; 
when these were interrupted by his remowd 
to ("amhridgc, he wa-t Hguin thrown back, 
iholattij, on ni» own restless desires. Then 
followed hiti. ill-fated attadunent to Miai 
Chaworth. to whiih, more than lo any uthw 
cause, he htiiistdf uttrilmled the dcsoluung 
change then wrought in his disposition. 





I doubt sometimes (he sny*, in his 
tacbeJ Thoii^ht>,'} whetlitsr, after all, a 
t and unogitated lift- would have suiled 

yet I sometime^ loiu; ihr it. My earliest 
iiu (aa most boys' dreams arc) were 
tbl I but a tittle later they were all fur 
and retirement, till the hopeless attach- 
t to Mary t'haworth b^n and con- 
ed (though (tedidously eoneealed) rery 
f in my teens ; and so ujiwards for a time. 
' ihnnr me out oguin ' idone on a wide, 
; sea.' In the year ISO* I recollect 
ting mv tsifiter at denerut Hurcourt's. in 
tlaiid l^aee. 1 was then frtu- Mih/;, and 
tc had always till then found nic. \S'hen 
met again in 1 M05 («he told mc since) 

my temper and diMwsition were no 
plctcly altered, ihot I was hardly to be 
igniiicd. I was not then sensiljU; of the 
ige ; but I can believe it, and account 

hove already described hiis parting; with 
i Olaworth previously to her nijirriuge. 
c again, after that event, he saw her, 

for the lust time,— beiiif; invited by 
Choworth to dine at Annt-ftley not lon^ 
•l« his departure from Englaml. The 
yearn that hatl eluptted since their lii»t 
ting had made a conaiderablc change in 
appearance and manners of tbc young 
:. The fat, unformed schooUxiy was now 
•nder and graceful yriung man. Those 
tions and passtonswhich at Erst heighten, 
then destroy, beauty, hod as vet produced 
' their favourable effects on nln featiire<> ; 

though nitli but little aid from the cx- 
le o( refined 50ticty, his manners had 
uded into that tone of pentlene^s and 
ooMCHhion which more than any thing 
is the well-bred gentk-man. Once only 
the latter of thet^e qualities put to the 
, when the little daughter of his Giir 
:ess was brought into the room. At the 
tof the child he started involuntarily, — it 

with the iitmu!it dlfTicntty he could 
xnl hit emotion ; and to the sentfations 
hat moment we are indebted for thoBc 
•hine Btanias, " Well — thou art hnpin," 
*. which appeared afterward*! in a Mis- 
iny piihlinhed by one of his friends, and 
now to tic found in the (iscncral collection 
m works. Uoder the influence of the 
B despondent poetdon, he wrote two 
r poemR at this perio^l, rrom which, an 
■ exiflt only in the Mi.*<cc1lany I have just 
Jed to, and that collection itaH for Aonic 
' been out of print, a few stanzaa umy, 
improperly, be extracted here. 

* Id U« origliul vopj, Ho*. X IHI. 
Wmed. Ui 111* oflcbMl naniurripi. « To tin. 
Mv, am bdfkg aited mj T«Mon tot i|iiHtlng Kn«. 


" When mui. expdUd Uon F.ikii't boarere, 

A mamaot Itnger'd nrar the gau-, 

Bacb tnue raull'd Uin tanlili'il turm. 

Ami bmie blm nine tiU future btc. 

" But vaailirrlDff on throDih illit«t>t cllinw, 
lit- Inornt Co iN^r hit la«J uf frirf; 
iii*t f»re B (IgU to Mbar Ctmpf, 
Aod found In biiikr atviiM nlivL 

** Tbus. b4r*. ntwt K bn wllh am. 

And I Buit new Utj charau no man I 
For, whilil I lbi(Dr muu la ibw, 
I ilxli for «U I kD«w tMbn," Ac. Ac. 

The Other poem is, throughout, full of 
ttmdcmess ; but I Khali give only what ap- 
pear to me the most striking Htanzax. 


" 'Tli<h)dv— aiHltUlTeriDBlnUwgala 
Tbt bvk uoAirli bn nowf Mil ; 
At)d wtiUUlDg o'vr tiM benilkiK rMrt, 
I^iud 4iiijtt cin Mfdt lh<- frvib'Biujt blut i 
Adi] 1 tntut from thl> land bt (Olw, 
ficcauM I cannot lore bul ooe. 

** Aj MiDff itrnp Mrd, iritbout a nutir, 
Mjr wewjr bnrt U doMiUic t 
t look •ramd. and onaot tnc* 
One IHmdtr naUe or ■eleonw Ixe, 
And t!w'n In crowdi an itlD aloM, 
B«caui« I cnnal 1ot« but oae. 

•■ Aful I will croii the whlicDhtg loMm, 
And 1 Mill tetk ■ forclfn Ikiiih : 
Till I (orvn a falM (alt faoe. 
I nr\t *haU Sod a rMtlnt-pUcc ; 
M; own dark tbouRfit* I amaot ■bini, 
IhU ever love, and Unre bat MM. 

** I la— but wh«moc*«- 1 Om 
Tbn«'t not an tjv wtU wtvf tor moi 
TlMto'i Doi a kind rangatdal bc«t, 
Wtam I can daJm tbe ineaiwn |iart j 
Nor UwM. who hatt mr hopu andoM. 
Wm dgb, ahboogb t low but one. 

** T« tbhik ofcvsTf rarly §cme. 
Of what wc we, and what wn'vabMn. 
Would whdm KMna wnrr boarti with woa— 
But miae. ata* t baa itood tba bl«w ; 
Yvt lUII ti«au ao aa K bcfvn. 
And iwmr tmlr Iotm bat OM. 

" And wkn tbat d«»r \arrtl o«« nay bn 
U DM for vulgar rjn tu »r^. 
And wbf thai «arlr Iut* «■» n-oM, 
Tbou know'tl thp bm, I ftwl tht- iDort i 
But few that dwell bniMth Ihn lun 
Haro laved tu laa$. ud lined but dm. 

" I'm btnd anotlm't feUrr«, too. 
WKti charma, panbanca, m lUr io viev i 
And I w«uM Ub harabnd'at arel), 
Dtit aom* ancnnqtimMa tpM 
Fortade nr bkwlliw brvaat to awm 
A Undnd car« Cor aught but ooe. 

laodtniba fpring." 
* In III* Sr*t eopr. 

Tlw date (ubioUicd it DaeenUMr S. 

' Tha*. Mary.** 
G 3 






* TVould Motliv (o Ikke one lluHcrtnf rirw. 
And Uou TbM Ici m; lui m11«u i 
Yot wt*h I nut LhiMC cjwc iv wetp 
For hlni that WBBdm o'm Uw doop ; 
Hli tiomc, hlf iKtfir, bl* jwith, m gaa*. 
Vet tliU hr luTH. uwl latci but one." > 

WJiile thiw, in all tl(c rtlations of the 
hcurt, liis thirst after affcctbn wasihwarted, 
in another instinct of his nature, not It-ss 
KfOQg— the desire of cmincmc and dth- 
tincdoii — he vas, in on equal {iegrce, 
checked in his aspirings, nnd mortified. The 
inadequacy of his means tu hi^ stutton wua 
earty a source of cmburrassmcnt and liumlH- 
atioii to hifn ; and those hi^h, iiatriciim 
notioos of birtli in whith he indulged but 
maitc the di-sparity Ixitween his fortune 
and hbi rank tJio more galling. Ambition, 
however, soon whispered to him tiiiil tliere 
were other and nobler ways to distinction. 
The eminence which talent builds for itself 
might, one day, he proudly felt, be his own j 
nor wus it too nuiiguine to hope that, under 
the &vour nccorilcit usually to youth, he 
tnight vrith impunity venture on his finit 
Btcpa to fame, llul here, as in every other 
ohjert ofhis hcdrt, disappointment and mor- 
tification awaitcil him. Instead of t:\- 
periKncingthi? ordinary forbearnnce, if not in- 
dulgence, with which young aspirants for fiimc 
arc received by their critics, he found himself 
instantly the victim of such unmeasureil 
seventy as is not often dealt out even to 
veteran ofTenders in literature ; aniE, nith u 
heart fresh from the tfiaU of disappfiintcd 
love, saw those rcHourcc-s and ainsubitions 
whirh he had Miiight in the exercise of his 
iutellectual strength also tnrailed. 

While thus prematurely broken into the 
pains of life, a no lesH darkening effect was 
produced upon him bvtoo early an initiation 
into its pleasures. That charm with which 
the fancy of youth invests an untried world 
was, in his ', soon (lUsipatcd. Tlii 
pas-siynn had, at the very on*iet of their 
career, forcNtulled the future ; and the blank 
void that followed was by himself considered 
as one of the causes of that melancholy, 
which now settled so deeply into his cha* 

" My passions" (he says, in his' Detached 
Thoiights') ''were developed very early — 
su early that few would lH:lie%e me if I were 
to state the period nnd the facts which ac> 
coin|wnicd it. Pcrlrapis this was one of the 
reuAoiis nhich caused die anticipated melan- 
choly of my thoughtt, — ^havii^ anticipated 
life. My earlier poems are the thoughts of 

I Thu CdnrrtMl irj himtcir tn a ropy of tlio MhcdUof 
twir Id mj iKuintlun j — llic two taiC tloci bclnji. oil- 
KinKllj, M (bikrw*;— . 


one at tea yeara older than the ngc ai 
which they were written, — I don't mean for 
their solidity, lait their experience. The 
two first Cantos of Childe Uaru[d went 
completed at twenty-two ; and they are 
written ns if by a man older Oinn 1 shall 
probably c^er be." 

Tliough the allusions in the firBt scatenee 
of this extract have reference to a much 
earlier period, they afltird an opjKirtunity of 
remarkmg, thut however dissijMited nuiy iuvo 
been the life which he led during the two or 
three year) previous to his departure on hk 
irdvels, yet the notion caught up by raeuiT, 
fnpfn his own allusions, in Ohilde Harold, to 
irreguliiritii« and orgies of which Newstevf 
had been the scene, is, like most other inv 
jmtiitions ngaitv^ him, founded on his own 
testimony, greatly exaggerated. Hedcscribef, 
it is well known, the» home of ^ia poetical 
representative as a " monastic dome, coo- 
demned tu uses vile," and then adda, — 

" Wbm SupcratliiiMi odm had omla k«r imt. 
Now raptilui utrU wcrv Icnown to ffng ud tmDa." 

Mr. DallaH, too, giving in tn the same str^ 
of exa^eration, &ays. in speaking of the 
{Hint's |>reparatinnK for his departure, ** b1> 
ready satiated with pleasure, and ditf;usteil 
with those companions who have no other 
resource, he had resolved on masteriu 
his appetites i — Jic broke vp his hanrat.*^ 
Thu truth, however, is, that the narrownctf 
of Lord Byron's means would alone bare 
prevented Buch oriental luxuries. The modo 
of his life at Newatead was simple and unex- 
pensive. His companioiu, tliougb not avcne 
to convivial indulgences, were of habits and 
tastcj^ too intelk-ctual for mere vulgar il^ 
Imiichery ; and, with respect to the alleged 
" harenw," it ajipears certain that one or two 
^UKptTlcd " ntimttroducla*' (as the ancient 
monks of the abbey would have tityled than), 
.ind tho»te, too, among the ordinary roeniak 
of the entaldinhment, were idl that crea 
scandal ibtcif cuuld ever ftx upon to wamnt 
such nn assumption. 

That gaming wus among his folliea at this 
period he hiiu.<iclf tells us in tlie journal 1 
liavc just cited : — 

" 1 have a notion (he says) that gamblen 
arc ns happy as many people, being alwmya 
i'jo/it/. Women, wmc, fame, the table;— 
even andjition, sate qow and then ; hut rrtry 
turn of the card and cast of the dice kocpa 
the gamester alive : besides, one can game 
ten times longer than one can do any thing 
clrfe." I was very fond of it when young, 

*■ Thoaxh whierewjp'rr IB7 birk m>f rtin. 
I lorn but Cher. I itm but we." 
I [Oppmlto thiM pwugo of tlw Jcanwl, Sir W«ltat 



Mr. SI. 



ikt/t is to say, of hazard, for I hate nil ami 
§aan,—^vfea faro. When macco (or what- 
wer they ipcH it) was introdueetl, I garc up 
die whole thing, for I loveiJ and mutsed the 
rtUie and tbuA of the box and dire, and the 
IJkinoiu uQccnaiiity, not oTily of good luck 
or bad luck, but aiaity iuck at aU, vl& one hmt 
vnetimcs to throw ^en to decide at all. I 
tare thrown as many as fourteen mains 
nauuii& and carried off ull the cosh u|>on 
(ha lablo occasioDally ; hut 1 had no cool- 
Ma, or hid^DCDt, or calculation. It wa^ 
delignt of the thing that pleased mc. 

the whole, I left off in time, without. 

much a winner or loaer. Suice uue- 
ad-^weaty ycoiv of age I placed but little, 
Kd then never above a hundred, or two, or 

To this, and other foUies of the same 
period, he aUades in ttte following note ' — 


** T««tTc o'clock. frUqr night. 

* Hj dear Bonko. 

" I baTOJust received your note; believe 
IM I r^ct most sincerely that I was not 
fcutuoaie enough to sei; it before, oa I netd 
■ot icpcnt to you that your convcr&ution for 
Uf aa hour would have been much more 
i^reeable lo roc than gambling or drinking, 
or inj other f&shionabit: mode of passing an 
crening abroad or at home. — I really am 
xcrj aonj that I went out previous to the 
wnral of your dejipatch : lji future pray Let 
me bear from you before sis, and wnutet-t;r 
mj nuB^ments may be, 1 will alwuys post- 
pone tbtm. — Beliete n)cr, will) thutilL-ferenrc 
vhich I have always from my childhood paid 
to jour tolcnh, and witli somewhat a bvttcr 
opbioo of your heart than I have hitherto 

" Yours ever," &c. 

Among the cauics — if not rather among 
the remits — of that dUposition to melan- 
cfady. whicli. after all. perhaps, naturally 
hdooged to hia temperament, must not be 
fcqocten those sceptical views of religion, 

IhM wrlttcB— ** A Bua ntut llk« nonrjr wall, or 

r 4Mp. M adnilra pmbllag."] 

« tt« vmla a* JoluiHB bu rt^riod ih^m i — 

I mra MXer Uwy ve. If I rBcell«rt rlghi, raUior 

ol. [" I haro no TctyMroof Oilh in ]r«ur prr- 

■ ttt rvUmnnrf : joH w* not of an ■(« for (t. oof 

■ tkraocli «UlM<r iDoil or bid inrtiuiD nuHuch to 

I jB M* a curarf. umI (bnn etodaikictt * amtrm^u 

~-^-^ -^ %ftf Mmtfa; aalau a pO«l pv"* wcarf of too 

■iittP, H nUitwr* do or b*o muck w«lf)it of 

-«wi|lto^0|V.S(VL». ITS.] 

\ U, ai kauA on* itriklns polM ot itmiUrltj 
I iMr dundorv Id tlw dUiwidtkKt wbtch John- 

irhich clouded, as has been ^hown. his boyish 
thoughts, and, at tlic time of which 1 hui 
spetuung, gathered still more darkly ovier hia 
mind, tti general wc find the young too 
ardently occnpifd with the eiyoyiuents which 
this life gives or promises to afford either 
leisure or incUnatJon for much iRquiry into 
the oiyMmeH of thi* next. But with htm it 
was unluckily otherwise ; and to have, at 
once, anticipated the worst experience both 
of the volupliiary and tliercasoner, — to have 
reiichcd, Jis he supiwicil, the boundary of 
this vforlUs pleasures, and sec nollting but 
" t! to lids anil diu-kncsH " beyond, waB the 
doom, the anoiuuluus doom, which a nature, 
premature in all its passions and powers, in- 
flicted on Lord Byroii. 

When Po[w,at theogeof five-and-twenty. 
coiiipluin^d of being weary of the world, he 
wim (old by Swift that he "had not yet acted 
or suttercu enough In the worhl to have 
become weary of it." ' But far different 
was tlie youth of Pope and of Byron ; ■ — 
what the former but aiiucipated in thought, 
the latter had dnmk deep of in reality ; — 
at an age when the one was but looking 
forth oil the sea of life, the other hud pUingcd 
in. and tried lis depths. Swift himself, in 
whom early disappointments aad wrongs had 
opened a vein ol bittcmt-ss that never again 
closed, alfordN a fur closer parallel to the fute 
of our noble poet', as well in tlie nnlune- 
lineas of the trials be bad been doomed to 
encounter, as in the traces of tbcir havoc 
which tliey left in his character. 

Thai the romantic fancy of youth, which 
courts melancholy aa an indulgence, and 
loves to assume a sadness, it has not had 
time to earn, may have had some share in, 
at least, fostering the gloom by which the 
mind of the young poet was oTcrcasl, I ooi 
not dispc^etl to deny. The circumstance* 
indeed, of his hanng, at this time, among the 
ornajncnis of his study, a number of skulls 
highly |K>l'Liihrd, and placed on light Atands 
round the room, would seem to indicate that 
he rnther courted than shuuned such gloomy 
associations. ^ Being a sort of boyudi nu- 
niickry, too, of the u»e tn which tlie poet 

•on Ksi Ihui Ubibuir^ (o Swift i^" Th< tui]iifion« of 
Swin'i irrcU^pn." Ii« unt. •> proccodid, la S |tMl nn- 
lare, from hi* diHd of hrpocriiy t imtnd tf mi Mm g H 
lam brtur, kr drtifAtcd rn Mom^ trarar tftcn Ac vti." 
* AflDtbar oh to which be apfiroprtaud one of Dm 
ikulb round iti lUggiag U N^wilMd wu ibe harlng K 
mounln) In tllrpr, and coaT«rt«d Into a drlnUn|-cup. 
Tbli wblm h*« httn (ommcmoralcd In (omr wcll-kfiuiiu 
vvrKtnriiU tiwu ; and th* cup HMtK, »hlcti, Bp«rt fratn 
aaf r«iidUlif Ue«a ll nuj Pidli^, funoi bf no uimuli an 
tnalafant o^joct to the ty*, li, vMb nuiy otfa«T \rtc- 
mrilDg rdkt ot Lord Bfron, In Ibc potteMluit of thv 
pramt pnniriauir of Newttcad Abber, CoiIoqcI WUUnuu] . 
O 4 

Youn!;is said to hare applied a ^iill', Mirh 
a ili^iijilay nii^ht well ioauce Mtme nupicion 
of the sincerity of bin gloom, did we not, 
through the whole coiitrk nf his subsequent 
life and vrirings, track mibly the deep vein 
of melancholy which nature had imbedded 
in hb charactirr. 

Such was the state of mind and heart.— 
OS. frwm hu own testimony and thnt of others, 
I have collected it, — iii whirh LonI Byron 
noT act out on his indetinitc pilgrimage ; 
Knd ne^'er was there n chsmge wrouglit in 
disposition and character to which Shak- 
speare's fancy of " sweet bcUs jangled out of 
tune" more tndy applied. The unwilling- 
ness of Lord Carli-slc to countenance him, 
and his humiliating position in consequence, 
completed the full mcA^urc of' that mortifi- 
cutiuii towordii which »o many other causes 
had concurred. B ^p<|. as be had been, i n 
his own ardqit pufwtat of aflectiop and 
Mile ivf ehcsjnd consctlation 

^*'-r,7j;r.^i,T^< i.^^ii-iirirrirrTTr-. 


"wirli, in themselves sufficiently irritating ami 
wounding, were reiuh-red still mnri! fJo by tht? 
high, iinpalicnt temper with which he eii- 
counlerciJ them. What others would have 
bowed to, a* misfortune-s, hi*t proud spirit 
ro»e a^iut, as wrongs ; and the vchcniencc 
of this rc-artion produced, at once, a revo- 
lution throughout hi^ whole character-', in 
which, OH in revolutions of the political 
world, all that wa.s had and irregular hi his 
nature burst forth with all that was most 
cneri^ctic and grand. The very rirtucs nnd 
excellences of his disposition ministered to 
the violence of this change. The same ardour 
that hul Inimetl through his friendships ond 
loves DOW fed the fierce explosions of his indig- 
nation end scorn. His natund nvncitv and 
humour hut lent a fresher flow to his bitter- 
ness ', till he at last revelled in it as an indul- 
gence ; and hatred of hi-pocrisy, which 
had hitherto only »ho wn itselfin a too shadowy 
colouring of his own vouthfij fnulties, twv/ 
hurried him, from his norror of all false pre- 
tensiocut to virtue, into the still more oan- 
gaooa boast and OKtcntation of nee. 

> (Wbm Youof wu wrttfatt on* e( hit tragodiei, 
Gntftan, monUnic U> Sppani, mri him k hunun ikull, 
wltli K caihUc Id II 01 a l4m|) ; anil thr povi li mIiI 
ta haf« luri li- —Spnut't AnecdoUt.'i 

> BoiiMMau ap^Mri lo hum Ihh'ii riiii»rJniii of a iltnilar 
MHt of clianic In bU own ivaiurr :— " Th^j )ulvf libniirnl 
without IcbennlMlon." be i-v*. lo a Irttrr to MadiiaM tk 
Bcniflrr*. " to givr to mj' hitirl. and, pNfcqM. at (Ira 
umc tloM to mf gcolu*. a tprinfi ind itlmalui of icUan, 
mbiCb thej tute not lahctiled (rum nature. I wu txiro 


160»— 1610. 

— I.ISHON. — VEVILLK. — CADI2. — ClJl- 


NA99i:S. — THEBES. — ATHENS. — " HilO 

The following letter to his mother, writteo 
a few days before he sailed, gives some pap 
dculars respecting the nersoos who coio- 
povnl his stiitr. Robert Rushtcm, whom he 
mentions so feelingly -in the postscript, wo* 
the boy introduced, jvi his page, in the first 
canto of (rhildc Harold. * 

Lktteb H. to HRS. BYnON.1 

" FalflMDth. JUM tt 19». 
" Dear Mother, 

" I am about to stu1 in a few d6\s ; pro* 
Kibly before this reachia you. Kletchcr 
begged so hard, that I havc^nlinued him 
in my service. If he does not behave well 
abroad, 1 wilt send him back in Etnnuport. 
1 hare a German servant, ( who has been 
with Mr. WUhndiam m Persia before, and 
vox strongly recommended to me by Dr. 
Butler, of Ilurrow.) RoI>ert and William ; 
they constitute my whole suite. I haxc 
\vnvris in plenty : — you ahall hear from me 
at tlie diBcrcnt ports I touch upon : but 
you must not be alarmed if my letters mis* 
eanjy. The Continent is in n fine state — 
an insurrection has broken out at I*iu*is. and 
the Austrians aiv bcuting Buonaparte — the 
Tyrolese have risen. 

" There is a picture of me in oil, to be 
sent down to ^*ewKtead soon. — I wish the 

waftk, — HI HMtaaent baa nuda ma ttnof."— Uria'i 
Pri»aie CMtetjumiUtuie. 

* C" Dr. AdKD* told me thU JohoMn, wlil1« h« wa» 
at Pombrak^ Collrf*. ' «a«*ct7«n4(r«tlc*«BM{dlow / 
but Ihi* b a Mriklng proof of Ihc Ulacf of ^ntmt aiiiw ■. 
and baw IliUe snjr c4 u* Imow cf tkc real lUenul auim 
area of U>o«a whom wu m* noat fK^iieaUj. Wlica I 
mcntiiRied to blm IliU accoantt ha nld, ' Ah, tlr. I «m 
nud oad violDRt: It wa4 Mumnt whkh ihvjv^tabk 
lot (roLIc* ••— Busnu.!,, toI. I. p. 74-J 


W ^T,21. 




Hiss Figota had K)inething better to do than 
carry my mmmtures to >*ottii)ghun to «>py. 
>'ow the)' hare done it, you may ask thtm 
to '-opy the others, which nre p-euter fo- 
voiiritcs than my own. An to morry mat- 
ters, I am mincif — at least till Rcchdulc is 
•okl ; and if that docs rot tiinv out wrtl, 1 
AaXl enter into the AustHnn or Kussian 
serrice — pcrfaa|H the Turkish, if I like their 
niiuincrs. The world is all brtbre me. and I 
lesvc HnghuuJ vithnut rcuri-t, and without 
a viafa to rensit any thing it contains, except 
ymtrtei/, and your present retiidence. 

" Bclict'c me, yours ever sincerely. 

" P. 8, — Pra}' tell Mr. Rushton his son 
b well, and doin); well ; so i^ Murray, indeed 
better than I ever saw him ; he will be back 
in ahout a month. I ou(;ht to add the leaving 
Murray to my Tl-w regrets, as his age perhaps 
«'il] prevent my seeing him again. Robert 
I talce with me ,- 1 like hiiu, because, like 
oiyaeir, be socms a Iricndless animsl." 

To those who ha%'c in their remembrance 
bis povtit-al description (>f the dtalc ol" mind 
in which he now took Icuvc of England, the 
pietv and levity of the letters I am about 
to give will npncar, it ix not iniproliable, 
ttmnge and ntartling. But in a tcnipcrumcnt 
i^ that of Lonl Byrun, such bursts of vivacity 
on thesur&ce are by nu ineuiiH iucom()atihte 
■tth a wounded spirit underneath ' ; and 
ibc light, biughing tone that pcr^'ades these 
lettefs, but nuikes the feeling of solitarineaB 
tfau breaks out in them the more fecnking 
ittd ai&ctiiig, 


•- r*lBiaMlL. JuM gS. t<M». 

" My dear Dniry, 

"Wc Nail to<morrow in the Lisbon 
pKkci. having been detained tUl now by the 
Wk uf wind, ami other necessaries. Theae 

■ Tlw poM CdKpn. Itli woll known, produrwithct 
iHMrplBCa of horaeur, John nilpln, dorHuonr of hi* 
te««Bertldd«i0c(lMi; aod b« bloweir mji. " Suattc« 
M K mar Menit Hw no«t ladicrooi Unu I avtr wrote 
htf* taM wrtttm Id tlw imUait mooA. M>d but for thu 
mSIM OMnd. p rr h i p i. hut nervr bem «t1iimi U 4lL" 
[SM8«UtiMT'*I-"l>^a'C<nrpcf. tdI. II. p. ».] 

■ Th« rtcvncUUtiDii wMrii look place Dccwccb him 
■4 Dr. UaOmr. btfan bl« tlipaitaii. I« one oC iImk 
tmaaen eg ptaeabUltr sod pltohlMMi «Mt whkb hii 
Hk ilw n dsd. «> hn* iMn, t«o, Itan Uw nurawr In 
•hkb ha iMndoot Um drcunuUDc* lo ocw of bU ooto- 
hMkB, that th« r«<aDdIeinnil irmf of thai isim^Kutjr 
n^nvpKtlr* kisd. 111 nhirh [iiic onljr Ihr (oelloe of ho*- 
llkf M mMUDced in futur*. but ■ itroni ngnt «- 
prMd llMl It had b«ni crtr rntrrtaiaed. 

V«l ca«rt«nl wlili thti prirvtii Uor.«m«Bt to Dr Bvtlcr. 
■■ VM hU tntACUia. bad ba publUbMl anoUicr cdllian of 
■h Ham or UImmm, to nbitlluta ftic ths aSmukn 


being at last pr«)cure«l, by this time ttv 
mcHTtiw L'vening wc .shall be t-mbarktii on the 
ride rorld of raters, ror all the forlJ like 
Robinnon CVuxoe. Ilie Malta vessel not 
saiUng for some weeks, we have dctenntned 
to go by way of Litil>on, and. as my uerranta 
term it, to see 'tJial there Portingnic* — 
thence to Oadtz and Gibrultur, and so on 
otir old route to Malta and Constantinople, 
if Ko be that Cnptain Ktdd, our gidlant coin* 
uwnUcr, understands plain sailing and Mcr- 
cator, and takes us ou our voyage all iic> 
cording to the chart, 

" Will you tell Dr. Butler * that I have 
taken the treasure of a wrvant, Friese, the 
native of I'muia l^opcr, into my service 
from bis recommendation. He has been alt 
among the Worshipjiem of Fire in Persia, 
and has seen PcriK-poIis and all that. 

" Uobhousc has made woundy prqwratioiu 
for u book on his return ; 100 pens, two 
pllons of Jspan ink, and sevent volumes of 
bc6t blank, Ls no bad provision for a discern- 
ing public. 1 have laid down my pen, but 
}iHV« [jfumiatrd to contribute a chapter on 
the state of moralfi, &c. &c. 

" ' The rach U crowlof , 
I miuc b» RDlni, 
And cm no iikitc.* 

** Adieu. — Believe me," &c &c. 

t-nrsaas. TO MB. UOOGSOK. 

" FslmonUi, Jaae 2.^ iw'j. 
" My dear Hodgstin, 

" Before this reaches you, Hobhouse, 
two cheers' wives, three children, two 
waiting-maids, ditto Mubaltems for the troops. 
three Portuguese csquirra and domestics, in 
all nineteen souls, will have sailed in the 
Lisbon packet, with the noble (.'aptain Kidd, 
a Hollant commander as ever smuggled an 
anaer of right Ntmtz. 

THHi URlnit that BCDtlenian • rrank srovU v( Hm 
wnmg be had bt<ra gniltr at In KiTinf f cut to thcm. 
ThU tact, w tniiUblm to the candour of hla naturr, I 
le*ra tnm a kioae ihMC la U« haad-wrWn|, eontalalBf 
Um (bllowtBf eomctlms. In ptan of tM pMUfa !»• 
gbnUng " Or If anj Mum a pe^Bt't portnll dnir," ba 
mcaBl toliiMTt — 

'■ IfnncfiiDj Uuwabirabwpomilltrtv, 
Wanii «Ilti hrr wranB*, and dMB'd tb» Uk«n«i( inw, 
B} cOf>1*T Jndgni«nt Uu|W. bw hull iha owni,— 
With nnble inlndt a taitlt, fonftaMd, atonei." 

And to the pattac* ImmedUul/ (iicciwdttiit hU warn 
pralM of Dr. Dnuy— " FompMiu fiU* hli tniglrtorUl 
chafr," U was hU IntKitloD to ^%« t>io r<iltnwine turn : — 

" AnoUier Ul* hit ma|1Mcrial cbalr i 
Beluctaat Ida o*w a Kranccr'a car* ; 
Ob ttuy Hk* boaottr* crown bit futnr* ludnf , — 
If HMb Us vUtiiM. KKb (ball be hU UnM." 





" We are ftoinR to Lisbon first, because 
the Malta packet has 5aile<l, d'ye bcc '( — 
from Lisbon to (iilmiltar, Malta, Conatanti' 
noplc, ami 'all that,' as Orator llenley said, 
when ho put the Church, and 'all that,' m 
danger. ' 

" This town of Falmouth, as \ovl will 
portly conjecture, is no f^eat wava trora the 
aea. It is defended an the seu-eido bytwaj 
cuNtliVi, 8t. MattK aiid PuiideQuls, extremely 
well calculated for annovirg erery body 
except an cneniv. St. Muws is garrisoned 
by uii able-bodied person of fourscore, a 
widower. He has tne whole command and 
■ole management of six moKt unmanageable 
|necc$ of ordnance, admirably adapted for 
ihc destruction of Pendcnnis, n like tower 
of iitrenf;th on the oppositi; aide of the 
(Hianncl. We have seeo St. Maws, but 
Pendcunia they wiil not k-t ua behold, save 
at a diataoce* because Hohhoiit<e and I arc 
nispected of having already taken Bt. Muw3 
by a coup de main. 

" The town containa many Quakers and 
■alt fish — tlie ovstcrs havea taste of copper, 
owing to the sod oi a mining country — the 
wwiiien (IjIcsmkI be the Ci»rponition there- 
for!) nre flogged at the cart's tail when they 
pick and st«J, us happened to one of the 
fair 81-x yMtcrday noon. Shf was perii- 
noeioiLfi m her behaviour, and damned the 

" I don't know when I can write again, 
becatue it depends un that evperienceu na- 
i-icator. Captain Kidd. and the 'stormy 
winds that (don't) blow ' at ihiB season, I 
leave England without rcyrct — I .shall re- 
turn to It without pleasure. I am Ukc 
Adam, the first convict srntcnced to trans- 
portutiun, but I huve no Eve. and have eaten 
no apple but what was sour as a crab ; — 
and thua ends my first chapter. Adieu. 

" Yours," &r. 

In thU letter the fullowing lively reraes 
were enclosed : — 

" Fslnsoutb Boadi, Jods ao. ISOD. 

" Bast I Bedtwn, wt tar going. 

Oof enbtrgo'i offal lut ; 
FsTgvraUe brmw UoKlnjc 

Bend Utc caniMi o'er Vat nMt. 
Frtim aloft ihr *ijtnal'i tttisitninf , 

Ilukl Uie farrwdl gtiD b ftrad, 
WuinPii irrMflilnR, Uf* Itlupfaamln^ 

Tell U> (hat mil Umc'l BK^nA. 

I [Kpnlp]r, Id nn« of hU publlattoiu enUtlid " Oratnir 
Traniutloai," vowt^ ■■ loMwculcalugly what would 
■prain a doien af modeni dodon ortbc tribe of laucJiar 
—to wrlU, risd. and »V»Aj twrirp hour* a day, ai^d jm 
■^esr w iiBt9uelied hy the joke u If he neier wore It 


UeR'a a mcsl 
Conta ta buk *n, 
Prjliif from the Cuitom-bonw | 
Trnnka unpacklii|, 
Curi crMkloff. 
Not a comer fur * lauUM 
'Soapoa unicarcti'it amid tit* rafk«t. 
En w« ull on board tha Packet. 

" Now our boalmcD quit Uicir aunrlstt 
And aU handa miut ply tbe oar ; 

B«(gaA« tmn th« ^uagr ■> U)wertn|, 
Wa'retnpatleat—i^utkftofB ifcof*. 

' Hail? a can I that case holdi liquor-* 
Stop tbe tMwt — I'm ilrk—oh Lorril' 

* Skk. tna'ata, datnnM. you'U Im Mmt 
Ero you'tc teen aa booi on boud.' 

Tliji an KnanlBf 
Man and vanan, 
Genracs, ladlet, MTtanti, iada t 
H *r* MitaBgUag, 
All at« irraoglisf, 
SciKk toielbrf cIoh «a W4X. — 
Ench tbc gcoeral boIm and raefceC, 
Era wa iMch ttio Litbon PacfccC 

" Not we'T« rcach'il h«r, lo I th* eapata^ 
Gallant KIdd. ccmn^sodi the crev ; 
raaacns«xi tlMlr bcnlii are clapt in, 
Soine to grumtilr, tame to ifww. 

* litj Aay I rail jtm that a cabin ? 

Whr 'Ua hardl; three feet aqoan: 
Not «t)onsli i« •tow QwHi Hab bi~ 
Who (he dcuc« rao harbour Uur* 7 
■ Whn. ilr ? pleat; — 
N«bl» twciity 
Did at oner lay teuel RD* — 

• Did Ik*? ? Jcau*. 
1(aw f-ou M|aprir ua t 

WcnjU! tc Uod \htj did 10 ftlll: 
TlifD I'hJ «ca;io lh« li4^ aiid ncket, 
urthc fcKHl *hl[i. LUbDn Packet.* 

'* FMchrr I Hurnif '. Hob I whvrv vc jnf 

Stmch'd alonn the deck tUu* logs — 
Brar a tiand, f mi Jollj tar jou ! 

llcTc'i a rape'a «nd for tltp doga. 
lloblioUM- miiilurlrg frarful curais, 

Ai llif liiuirhiray dtiwn be roO* ; 
Now hli brpdkfuti now hU frrw«. 

Vomica rortb — and damna ma ioall> ; 

* Ilvre'i a itania 
On Braganu— 

Help t'— ' A couplet f*^* Sea* 
Of warra water.' — 
' lVhBl'» th>- nutter V 
* Zoundi : mj lircr'a coning op ; 
I ahatl dot lucTlve Utc rackM 
Orthli brutal LUboo Packet.' 

•■ Nftw at Ifn^h we*r<- off (or Turkaf, 

Lcird know* whi^ wr ihall cam^t back t 
flrreir* fuul anil ictaptxs murky 

Hay uaiblp ui In a cradu 
But, ilnce life at mort a >aal Is. 

As pULoaophen allO'W, 
ttfil to taugb bj J^ the beat la, 

Tba IsorIi od — 01 1 do now. 


— lo learh In on* }-Mr «hat tciiool* or nrfrrralllca la 
fn Ore ;" and hr furthnrmarv pl«dRv4 bbtiaHf to 
tvicrv Iri hit bull! irNrjnr, uutU he ba4 " put Ibv Cini 
una all Ikmt, la ilaafar."] 





Orml mni inull Itilnm. 

Sick or w«U, at ie» or ihnn! ; 

WHUt we're qualBng, 

VW> tW drrll OWH far mm ? — 
Soaa food «ta« I mA who voold lack ft, 
Bv'n on bawl Ute LUboa Packet ? 

" Btrom." 

Od the Sd of July the packet sailed 
from Falmuuth, nnd, alter a favourab[e paa- 
Mgt of (bur ds^B and a half, the vo^-agcrs 
rncfacd lasboo, and took up their abode in 
tfait dty. ' 

The followinj; letters, from Lord Byroti 

to kis fiicod Mr. U(K%^UIl, Utoii^h written 

in fail nxwt light atid schoolboy strain, 

vffi ghre aoroe idea of tlic fintt inipres- 

ihat his residence in Lisbon made 

hint. Such lettent, too. contrastc^l 

the noble stanzns on Portugal in 

Quld« Harold," will show how various 

the moodfl of his versatile mind, and 

difirait aii]>ect8 it could take when in 

or on the wing. 


" Utbon. Jtif 16. 1909. 

"Tkn &r haiTe we pursued our route, 

I ud Mco al sons of marveltoii.t sighut, pa- 

Ikcs, cxwrcnts, &c. : — which, being to be 

I heard in my frucnd Huhhuuiw's fnrlhcoming 

I Book of Trmreis I hliull not anticipate by 

^umf anr account whatsoever to you in 

i wad rlandetitine manner. I ninnt 

|,obMm, that the viUage of Cintra in 

k u the inoKt beautiful, perhaps, 


* I am very happy here, because I lovas 
I mni^ri. nd talk bad Latin to the moiikG, 
I «ho nodrruand it^ as it in like tlieir own, — 
1 gDCa into society (with ray pocktrt- 
VX w>d I ffwims ui the Tagus alJ across 
and I ridcfl on an ass or a mule, 
awcan Portuguese, and have got a 
rina and bites from tlic mu!K|uitocs. 
I fiat what of that ? Comfort must not be 
I cipKtad by folks that go a pkwnirini;. 
"' When the Portuguese are pertinacious, 
y, ' Carracbo ! ' — the greiit outh of the 
dee^ that very wdl 8uj>pIieH the place 

■ Gonmaailwf ltM|>M;kr(, Oafrtaln Kldd. 

I M Ua cw tk* piiga- Thl« oOUwr iLmol that. 

f OB* nlflrt In lib bcrtli. be wu awatLcnn] tijr 

I of Mmttlrtnit hmixj on hii lliiil»,uiil. Uiwr< 

I a Mai flibt ^ thi> roan, could k«. as ha Iboufht. 

Itf, dn Ifar* e( hb brocber. »ba wat at thai tlmr 

I a>«al Mrvka la the KtM. laUt*. drMMd In bit 

a, aad mnUhui acroM the bnL ConchMtlnc It to 

I Uhidm «f Oa bmmm, b* ihut hU er^ and made 

Itatlaaf. B«l itlU U>r «mi" pn-wurvcaaUnnnl, 

L H oRn •■ Ita ToKaKil to taka uutbar look. 

of * Damme,' — and, when dissatisfied with 
toy neighbour, I [ironounce him ' Auibni di 
mcrdo.' With these two phriisesj and a 
third, 'Avra bouro,' which »ignifieth '(let 
an au,' I am univenutlly undertitood to be a 
person of degree and a master of longuiges. 
liow merrily we hvea that truTellerH. be! — 
if wc bad food and miinent. But, in sober 
sadness, any thing is better than England, 
and I am inHnitely amused with my pilgrim- 
age as far as it haa gone. 

" To-morrow we start to ride post near 
400 miles as far as Oibraltar, where wc em< 
bark for McUta and Byzantium. A Itltcr 
to Multn will find uie, or to be furwurded, if 
I am absent. Pray embrace the Drury uiid 
I)wyL-r,]inil all (be K|ibc!iiunsyau encounter. 
I am writing with Butler's tfonative pencil, 
which mukcd my bud bund worse. Excuse 

" Hodgson I send mc the news, nnd the 
deaths and defeats and crtme^i nnd 
the mitifortunifs of one's friends ; and let us 
hear uf literary matters, and the contro- 
versies and the criticisjns. All this will be 
pleasant — ' Suave rnari niugno,* Sec, Titlking 
of that, I have been sea-stca, and sick of the 

*' AtUeu. Yours fnitfaftJly," &c. 


" Gllrtalur. Aitcoit 6, ISDS. 

" I have just nrrivcd at this place after n 
journey tlirounh Portugal, and a |iart of 
Spain, of nearly SOOmUes. We left Lisbon 
and travelled on horst^lack * to Seville and 
Ciuliz, and tlience in the Hyperion frigate 
to Itibrallnr. The horses arc excellent — 
we rode seventy miles n day. Eggs nnd 
wine, and hard hcd^, arc all tlie accommuthition 
we found, and, m kucIi torrid weather, quite 
enough. My health is better than in England. 

" Seville is a fine town, and the Sierra 
Morcnn, part of which wc crossed, n very 
suiEcient mountain ; but damn description, 
it is always dingiisting. Cadiz, sweet Cadix I 
— it is tilt first ajMJt in the crcatitm. Tlie 
beauty of its streets and mansions is only 
excellLti b\ tlie loveliness of its inhabitants. 
For, with all national prejudice, I must con- 

hf t*w (be fljfurc Ij-lng acroM btm In iba inae potWeD. 
To kUI tu tbp woiiiVr. im piitlttv); lUa hudbrtfatotoaclt 
IM« (nnc, ha> ftninrt the itnlfnrm. In wtilcb It appoarMl to 
bf> Jff iw d, drtppUiit «M. On thr mtrancv uf one of 
hij broUiar oMccn, (o vham he callnl out to nUnn. th« 
apfmritinn rsnidM>d ; but In a few monthi Attet he rv- 
CFivnl lh« iiartlinit tnMll^nrr thni oci ihal nigin l\Tt 
bfulbvr had trvn d^owniM ia thr Irntian vai. Of the 
■up«TTMilaral durartn of thli npfaiuvi^e, Caftan KhU 
hlm»rir<tld ntit BptN«r to twin tti«> ■llftbt<«t doubt. 

1 The bAggage atid port ft the imBikt* were mdI tif 
Ml to Citntar. 





fi^ss the women of Cadiz ore as far superior 
to the E^|;l»h ironicn in beauty as the 
Spwitsrds arc inferior to the Engtiiih in 
twtrj quality that di);nifie!> the name of man. 
JiiTt an I be^n to know the princlpul persons 
of the dty, I whk uliligetl to sail. 

" You will not eipect a long klter after 
my ridin<; ho fitr 'on hollow pamperttljailcii 
of Asia.* Talking of Asia puts me in mind 
of Africa, which is within five miles of my 
prcKcnt residence. I nm going over before 1 
go on to Constantinople. 

" Cadiz is a complete C^-tiiern. Many of 
the grandees who nave Id) M^ulrid duritig 
the troubles reside there, and 1 do believe it 
M the prettiest and cleanest town in Europe. 
London isfiltiiyin thecomparifton. TheSpa- 
niflh women are oil alike, their education the 
aame. The wife of a duke L%in information, 
as the wife of a peasant,— the wife of pea- 
sant, in manner, efjual to a duchess. Cer- 
tainly they are fawinating ; but thrtr minds 
have only one idea, and the business of their 
lives is intrigue. 

" 1 have seen Sir John Carr at Se^-flle and 
Cadiz, and, like Swif^'i! lisirWr, havt: been 
down on my knees to beg he would not put 
me into hlark and white. ' Pniy remember 
me to the Drurys and the Davica, and all of 
that stomp who are vet extant. 3 Send me 
a letter and news to Alalia. My next epistle 
shidi be from Mount Cuucasij!! or Mount 
Sion, 1 »hall return to Spain before I ttee 
England, for I am enamoured of the country-. 
" Adieu, and believe me," &c. 

In a letter to Mrs. BjTon, dated a few 
dnya later, from Gibraltar, he recapitulates 
the same account of bis progress, only 
dwelluif; rather more diffiiselv on some of the 
details. Thus, of Centra and Miifra : — " To 
make amends for thin^ the village of Cintra, 
abi>ut fifteen miles from the capital, is, per- 
hi^a in every rtspcct, the most delightful in 
Europe ; it contains beauties of every dc- 

■ [" Chire (UFpffuc at ui tnn u Dundalk. ih« Dmb 
wn (o nuch amntca with » prating titrtiet, thu ruber 
tiuD be alone >i« ii»tt«d him to dinner. Tho follow «u 
r4D4cn] U tliU uTif^xpntr.) himoiir, and bclii| drwaed 
out In Ui bpft appircl mne tn tSt Ion, flnt loqulflnr 
or Ui<i RToom wh« Hit clctg^iuair* itamo wv who hut 
fftUmtly tnnttnl him. ' WhM tlio vKn|p!»nc»-,' uld the 
•erraDt, 'diin'i]'nit kDow Dran Swift?" Al whicd Uia 
baitMr turned pale, niwJ ntnalnK Into the hou»<* fell upun 
Us ko»t and Jattealed tin; l>cAn ■ neK to put htm into 
print : tm that h« waa a poor birlwr. had ■ taryr fwnllj 
to nalnUlit. and ir Ua r«vpr«-ncc put blm Into black and 
vhlto Ik tliould lot^ll hUmitomeri ■ Swift laughpd 
bMlillT at til" pvior rclluw't tuDplictt]-. hadu tilm »j| 
down and e*t hli dloner In peace, fur ha Mitircd him ho 
wooM rwtllin' put bim nor hli wffi In prlDL"— Ab^ 

■ " TUs wan of puttft," nyi Mr. RMtcMii, la a iMt« 


scrintion, natural mid artifidaL Palaas wni 
gurdciis rising in Ihc mid-it of roclu, cutaracti^ 
and precipices ; convents on stupeodoof 
heights — a distant view of the sea and the 
Tagus ; and, bcsidcji (though that is t 
secondary consideration), is rnnarkable as 
the scene of Sir Hew Daln-mplc's Cxia- 
vcntion. * It unites in it&clf all tbe wiU- 
ncfis of the western highlands, with tbe 
vierdurc t>f tlic wuth of France. Near tin 
place, about ten miles to the right, is the 
puliice r>f Mafra. tbe boast of Ponugal, as it 
might be of anv other country, in point of 
magnificence without elegance. There ii a 
convent imnexed ; the monks, who po&aeu 
large rwenucs, are courteous enough, aod 
undenitnnd Latin, so that we had a low 
conventalion : they have a large librar)-, au 
a^ked me if the JCngtah had anjf itookt in 
their country?" 

An adrcDturc which he met witb it 
Seville, characteristic Inrth of the countrji 
and of himself, is thus described in tbr aiBK 
letter to Mrs. Byron ; — 

" We lodged in the house of two ^jantdl 
unmarried ladies, who possewi or houses in 
Scii-illc, and gave me a curious specimen of 
Spanish manners. They are women of cha- 
roc^ter, and the eldest a fine woman, tbe 
voitnge.'it pretty, but not so good a figiirvas 
Donna JosepKa. The fi-eedom of manoer, 
which is general here, axtoni^shed me not 1 
little i and in the course of further observ- 
ation, I find that re-sen'c is not the clwnit- 
tenstic of the Spanish btUes, who are, in 
general, vcrj- handsome, with Urge bhick 
eyes, and yery fine forms. The eldest 
honoured your utworihtf son with ver^- par- 
ticular attention, enAracuig him with'great 
tenderness at parting ( I was there hut Uirce 
dB}'sJ, after cutting uH' a lock of bis hair, aail 
presenting him with one uf her own, about 
three feet in length, which I send, and beg 
you will retain till my nrtuni. Her last 
wonts were, ' Adios, tu hermoso \ me gusto 

nn hii ropj of thi* lMt«-r. " ranttantlr occori In hU nr- 
rcipandencv. Nor ww hit inten« renfin«l |o nun 
ronuoibmicM and laqultloa after beoUh. Wen It po>- 
ilUe to itate alt be bu decM far nuncTMH IMnda, ta 
WDDid «fV«ar UBlablc ladiwd. Fnr mfMir, I am bMinl 
lOSdOOWMCi. Id the fullvat and wannMt raannrr. hli 
moat gctwrwM and (reU-tiinotl aid i and, wtrc my pan 
frlrnd BUnd alWr, h« would ai eladljr l«ar the like t» 
UminF I— though 1 hate nioit r««*on. of aU nia, lo 
do 10." 

) Tha mthineai of Utbon and ICa InhatitUau. 

* Colonrl Kapler. In a note In. hit able Hlalorr of Ok 
PanlaniUr War, ootinn thi> tnUtake Into which L«rd 
SfTon and athuri were Ird nn tUtMV«et ;— Ifaa ilf- 
naturn nf tbo Conrtnttoci, u wall as lU tha eth«r pm- 
eMdlnr* connected with It. havlag Ucn place at «dl^ 
tancv oTtlilrlT mUaa ftvm Cliilra. [S«« Works, p. QJ 



L9r- SI. 




■Bcbo.* — 'Adieu, you pretty fellow I you 
me much.' She offertil me n shurc of 
which my vtrtuf inJuccJ me 
) ahe laugheit, anil aaiil 1 hail 
Englidk * unonte ' (lover), and added 
'm wu coing to be manieu to an officer 
Spanun «nnj." 
Aaoag the bcautiea of Cadiz, Wm itnagin- 
idoOt daxded by the attractions of the muuy, 
m on the point, it would appear from tnc 
M tmi ufr of being Hied by out .- — 

** OkUz, sweet Cadiz, i-i the nu»t deliglu- 
U towti I erer behtld, very ditfercnl from our 
Bngfiih cities in evrn' if^pect rxcept cleaiiti- 
KH {and it i<i OS clean BA London), but ftttSI 
knttiAjl. and full of the finciit women in 
StHlQ, the f^adiz helle« beiiif; tin* Lancashire 
vttdKa of their land. Just as I was intro- 
itetd aod began to like the grnndec$. I was 
farced lo leave it for thtx cuncil place j hut 
More I rcnira to HngUud ] wdl vii>it it 

" The ni^ht before 1 left it, I mit in the 
kw al the opera with admiral Corduvu'.i 
hnilr ; be a the commander whom Lord 
St. \inc«nt dcfiaitcd in 1797, and has an 
ued wife and a fmc tUiu^htiT, Sennorita 
ConioTK. The girl is very pretty, in the 
8|ianifii rtyle : in inv opinion, by no meaiis 
infrrior to the E.n|>li.<ih in rhumiii, aiul cer. 
tainly superior in fiiscination. Lt>ng hliicJc 
hur, dark Lii^iiflhinir eyes, dear olr\'e rom- 
pbtiona, sad forms more ^^mcehil in motion 
thu can be conceivcfl by un EngUshman 
■ed to the drowsy, li>itle--tn air of ht-t coun- 
tiywoawn, added to the moAt becoming drt-nit, 
■Ml •! the same time, the roost decent in the 
render a Spanish beauty itretnstibie. 
Cordova and her little tmithcr 
a little French, and, after regrct- 

_ my igDonuicc oC the Bpaniah, ahe pro 
poaett Co become ray preceptress in that 
■ncnafe. I could oiily reply by a low bow, 
au otpren my regret that [ quitted Cadiz 
to pennit tne to make the pni;:re-sB 
outu doubtlesfl attend my studies 
ao chanuinK n directress. I was 
^ffftlg at the bock of the box. which re- 
wnblcs our Opera boxes, (the tlicutrc is 
lartv and finely deroniteNt, the miuic- tiU- 
Bindilc.; in the manner which Engli-<ihmen 
mcmlly adopt, for fear of incommoding the 
■dies ui front, when this fair Spaniard dis- 

* (In a HUar ct tto tune dMe I.Anl Bjron uj* : " I 
V IBM* IB oliwrT*, t&Ai imrifuebere U Uhfibiulmi* df 
ht BiteB • mcMli nuvrin ihr thtnitt ulT all rt^traliit, 
■ 1 >»lhii tbtlr eaaitut it cbaaU mooKb hcfofr. If 

fm mak» a piOfiMl, ahkh tn encUnd wnnltf brluxa 
w tto Mr tiom am maAttt «f vlrftot, to « SpanUb 

(Ml ite tkaak« fan to Iba boBour jou Ulead hart and 

pofuessed on old woman (an aunt or a 
duenna) of her chair, and couimanded me to 
be seated next herself, at a tolerable distance 
from her mamma. At the cIohc of the per- 
formance I withdrew, and was lounging with 
a party of men in the passage, when, en 
fjfutan/, the liidv turned round and called 
me, and 1 had die honour of attending her 
to the Qdmiral's nmnsion. I have an in- 
vitation on my return to Cudir., which 1 ehall 
accept if I repass through the couniuy on my 
return from Asia." ^ 

To these adventures, or rather glimpses of 
adventures, which he met with in his hasty 

fiasHOgc through tSpnin, be adverted, I recoU 
ect, briefly, in the early port of his " Memo- 
randa :" and it wan the voniiger, I think, of 
his fair ho&tfisses at Seville, whom he there 
described himwlf as niaktrg earnest love to, 
with tlte help of a dictionary. " For sunie 
time," he said, " 1 went on prosffprously both 
as n linguist and a lover -', till at tengtli, the 
lady took a fancy to a ring which I wore, 
and set her heart on luy giving it to her, as 
a pledge of my sincerity'. This, however, 
could not Ik; — any thmg but the ring, I 
declared, was at her sen-ice, and much more 
than its value.— hut the riug itself I had 
made a vow never to give away." The 
)oung fipiitiiard grew uiigry as the contention 
went on, and it wb^ not long Iwfore the lover 
tiecanie angry nUo ; till, at length, the afliiir 
ended by their separatini; unhucce-H.'ifid on 
hoth sides. " Soon al^er this," said he, " I 
hailed for Malta, and there parted with both 
my heurt and ring." 

In the letter from Gibraltar, just cited, he 
adds — " I am going ova to Africa to- 
morrow i it is only six milca from this 
fortress. My next stage is Cagliori in Hor- 
dinia, where I shall be presented to his 
m^jcKty. 1 have a most superb unilbrm as 
a court>dresii, indiHpennahle in travelling." 
His plan of visiting .Africa was, however, re- 
linquished. After a short stay at Uibndtar, 
during which he dined one day with Lady 
Wounorchmd, and another will) (jcneral 
('a»tuno». he. on the 19th of Augmt, to<ik 
his departure for Malta, in the packet, having 
first 8t-nt JiK- Murniy and young Kuihton 
biick to England, — (he latter being unable, 
truiin iH healln, to accompany him any further. 
" Pray," he says to his mother, "■ show the 

ThU It Hhmllf and itrtcUjr tntMk 

* We fiml ail aUuskni lo lUa taddtnl la Dm Jam : — 
" *TU plMitnf III \» icboolM bi a atranta taagiia 
By femak Upa and Djrat — ilus U, I enenit 
Wben huk tba Uachor and tine Uii|^ ara p>aaf, 
As iraa tba caw, at leaat, vhcre I lu*o tiM-R." *c. 






liut every kuidnesSi u he is m; great £»- 

voume." ' 

He also wrote a letter to the fntherof the 

boy, which pivps «w> favounihle an inipresnion 
itf'\m ihoit^htfulneiis and kindUne.sH, that I 
have iffiiich pleasuic in being eimblcd to in- 
troduce it here. 


" GitortUar, Attcuit IS. IBOS. 
" Mr. Rushton, 

*' ! have sent Robert home with Mr. 
Mturay, l>ecause the country which I iim 
about to travel through is in a state which 
reodcra it unsafe, particuhirly for one f:o 
young. I allow you to deduct fivc-and- 
tweaty pounds a year for his education for 
three years, provided I do not return before 
that time, and I desire he may he considered 
as ill my scrucc. Let every care be taken 
of him. and let him be sent to Hchool. In 
cjuc of my death I have provided enough in 
my will to render him independent. lie hae 
bcnavcd cxtn^mcly wcU, and has travelled a 
ereat deal for the time of hU absence. De- 
duct the expense of his education froni your 
rent. " JBybon." 

It was the fate of Lord BjTon, throughout 
life, to meut, wherever he went, with per- 
sons who, by some tinge of the extraordinary 
in their own fates or characters, were pre- 
pared to enter, at once, into full sjTnpathv 
witli his ; and to tills attraction, by whicli 
he drew towards htm alt strange and eccen- 
tric spirits, he owed some of the most agree- 
able cunnertioiuof hii) life, as well as nomc 
of the mo»t troublesome. Of the former 
description was an intimacy which he now 
cultivated during his short ttojoum at Malta. 
The lady with whom he formed this ac- 
quaintance was the same adUressrd by him 
Under the name of "' Florence " in Childc 
Harold ; and iu a letter to liis mother from 
Malta, ho thus dcacrihes her in proaw : — 
" This letter is rommitted to the charge of 
a very extraordinary woman, whom you 
have iiiouhtlesji heard bf> Mtr. S • S • 
(Spencer Smith], of whose escape the Mar- 
quis de 8nlvo ptibli.shed a narrative a few 
yearn ago.' Shu bus since hvcn nhipwrecked, 

" Thi'i»(i»««-rijillnlhl» IirtUfT U ai fftlloiw; — " P.S. 
SoT^Tri n. U nurrfnl to a niidhi ( Wi41 don* I If I wod, 
I will biliiy vou home a uitUDi*. »Uli half « tlut>;ii dUci 
ftir a dovrrj, and r««oa«ll» jou to au Ouoinan ^uRhlrr. 
In-tao vith a tnuhnl^ pmrlt. not Liricar than cvtrlch 
cf^i. or imallpr than walnuti." [Tlparj-Kdvard. nii»^ 
iKrntti Baron Grr; dc Itulhrn, married, 21 June, )M9, 
Anna-MarU. danithter ct Mr. WUUam KelUm. o( Byloo- 
BpiD-Dunmonb Warwick. HU U>Kb)ii)> lUsd in Ott- 

■ CBnttUffd " Trvreb, in tbv r«w 16011, from Italy to 


aod her life hai been from its coimncnc^- 
incnt so fertile in remarkable incidents, that 
in a romance they would appear improbable. 
She was )>om at Constantinople, where her 
fiuher, Boron H • [Herbert] was Austrian 
ambwrador ; married unhappily, yet has 
never been impeached in pciint ot character { 
excited the vengeance of Buonaparte by a 
part in some conspiracy ; Beverat times risked 
ner life ; and is not yet twenty-five, 8he ii 
here on her way to England, to join her 
husband, being obliged to leave Trieste, 
where slie was paj-ing a visit lo her mother, 
by the a]i(>n>ach of the Fnmch, and erobarlu 
BOon in a tthip of war. Since my arriviil 
here, I have had scarcely any other cobh 
panion. I have found her very pretty, 
very accomplisltcd, and extremely ecceotnc. 
Buonaparte is even now so incensed agsiiut 
her, that her life woidd be in some dangcriT 
she were taken prisoner a scrotid time." 

The tone in whirh he addresses this lair 
heroine in C'hilde Harold is (consifitcatlf 
with the above dispassionate account of her) 
that of the purest admiration and inlcreett 
unwarmcd by any more ardent sciitiincat ;— 

■' SwMt riDfeiiM ! Miild uiothcr srer ihara 
TUi wajrwanl. 1i>t«iIcu htwt,lt would tie ttlM: 
But, dkcck'd hf rirrr Ue. I maj not Aan 
To c>ut a worthlat ollbrlas at Ibf «hrlne. 

Nor aak to dcir a bmtt to HM oc* pang for mimt. 

Thut Harold ilnMB'd ai nn that latty'a a^a 

He looli'd. aiid ro«t IU beatn wlUiuut a UiouKlit. 

SaTO admiratloD, glaadnf harmlcM bj," Ac ke. 

In one so imaginative as Lord Byroa, 
who, while be infused so much of his lift 
into his pnrtry, mingled aUo not a little 
of poetry with his life, it is diHicult. in tm- 
ravelling the texture of his feelings, to 
diHtiiigutKb at all tinier tielwccn the fancilul 
and the real. His description here, (or 
instance, of the unmoved and "lordess 
heart," with which he rontcniplatcd eren 
the charms of ihU attractive pcr-wn, is 
wholly at variance, not only with the anec- 
dote from his " Memoranda" which I have 
rccallnl, but with the statements in many of 
his subsequent letters, and. al>ovc alU with 
one of the most graeeftil of his lesser poetna, 
purportinL' lo be addreHscd to this same lady 
tiunng a thunder •titorm, on his road to Zitza.* 

England. thr<iug)i the ; CMttafaiInf an accoml 
of the llbemtloa of Mri. Spmevr Snllh from the F r awe h 
PflUoc." Itaio- 1807.] 

' Thn riillowlnK atanaaa tntta. tbU llUle poon hat«« 
moilc In ihHD, which, Indqiefulantlx of an matnlnc ta 
Guchanlln)! : — 

" And (Inte t now rrmnnbrr UtM 
In d*rkn«« anil to drnd, 
Ai Ifi tbow hourt of rFTftlrj, 
Wblch nUrth aod music qnd | 


Mr, 21. 



KoCwtthitMiding, however, these counter 
eridcnces, I wn much disposed to bchrro 
that the representfttion of the state of hcnrt 
in the foregoing cxtrucc from ChilJc Iliuuld 
niBjr be rciiardra as the true otir ; and that 
the uuttun nf hiK lK*ing in luve wan but u 
dream that Bpniae up n^cnronk, when the 
inue oftbe lair Florence Iiad become ideal* 
bed in his fiuicy, and every remeuibnuice of 
ifaar pleuuit hours among " Calypso's isles" 
cune invested by his inmgination with the 
warm aspect of lore. It will be recollected 
that to the chilled and siited fcelmus which 
eariy bidulgcTiL-c, and almost as early disen- 
chaotment, ha>! left bt>faind, he sttriButes in 
thew verac^ the L:uiin und piu^^tuitlesb n.-^;arJ 
nidi which cveil attractions like those of 
Florence were vieirtxi by him. Thm auch 
ifis actually hi.'i distaste, at this period, to 
lU real objects of love or piusion (however 
\mtuiCY could call up cresttures of tts otvn 
to wonuip) tlien: iscvcrj' resson to believe; 
hhI the iamc morbid iiiditteix-nce to those 
pleasurett tie liad once bo ardently pursiie<l 
tfiU continued to be professed by him on hia 
tttom to Kngland. No anchoret, indeed, 
fould cliiim for himnelf much more apathy 
towards uU such allurements thun he did at 
that period. But to be Mb* saved from 
tcfBptatioD was a dear •bought safety, and, at 
the age of three-and-twenty, iiatietyand dis- 
^ are but melaacholy Mibsiiiutca for 

The brig of war, in which they sailed, 
bving been ordered to convoy a fletit of 
nonll mcrrhant-cnen to Pairo-s and Pre^csa, 
ihey remained, fur two or three days, at 
noior off* the funncr ptitre. From thence, 
lediiig tu their ultimate destination, and 
ling a sun&ct view of Missolonghi in 
way, they landed, uii the unh of Sep- 
ler, at Preveso. 
The route which Lord Byroo now took 
throu^ Albania, &• well as those subsequent 
Jmvbctv through other parts of Turkey, 
wkiefanc performed in company with his friend 
Ur. Hobhouse, may lie traced, hy such as 
«e desirous of details on the .subject, in the 
aeeoant whidi the latter sentlemiui has given 
afhia traveU; un account which, interesting 
ftoa its own excellence in every merit that 
ibonld adorn such a work, beconies atill 
More so from the feeling tliat Lord Byron 
Hi w it were, pn»cnt thmngli its pa^es, and 
Ait we there follow his first yoiithfiil I'oot- 
tttft into the land vnth name he has 
hncrTwined his own for e\eT. Aa I am en- 

- Do thou. ftKtldM Ibe faJr wbitc wtUa, 

ai Uam, (hm out twr Ulltc«d balli. 
Look g'er ibe dwk Mm m* ; 

oblcd, however, by the letters of the noble 
poet to his mother, as well as by other, still 
more curious, which are now, for the first time 
puhlifehed, to i;ii»e hw own rapid aod liytly 
sketches of his wanderings, I sludl content 
mystU', after this i;enfml reference to tlic 
volume of Mr. Uobbousc, with such occa- 
sional extracts from ita pages as may throw 
light upon the letters of his friend. 

Lnraa 40. TO UBS. BTBOH. 

" PrvtfM, Notember IJ. IRW. 
" My dear Mother, 

" I liavc now been some time in Turkey : 
this place i^ on the coa;it, but I hare tr^ 
verse*! the interior of the pronnce of Albania 
on a viitit to the Paciia. I lef^ Malta in the 
Spider, a brii- of war, on the 21st of 8cp> 
trmber, and arrived in ei^t days at Prcveaa. 
I tlu-nce have been about IdO miles, as &r 
as TejHiIecn, his Higfancsa's country palace, 
where 1 stayed three days. The name of 
the Pacha is A^ and he is considered a man 
of tlic first abilities : he governs the whole 
of Albania (the ancient lll^TJaun), Epirua, 
and part of Macedonia. His son, Vely 
Poclia, to whom he haa given me letters, 
governs the >Iorca, and has great iiiHueiice in 
Egypt ; in ^llort, he is one ot the most powcr- 
fiirmen in the Ottoman eninire. When I 
reached Ynniaa, the capital, ufter ejoiimcy of 
three days over the mountains, through a 
counlr)- of the most picturf*aiic beauty, I 
found that Ali Pacha was wiili liis army u\ lU 
Ij-ricLim. besicginp Ibrahim Pacha in the castle 
of licrat. He had biiinl tluit an Englishman 
of rank was iu hi» dominions, and hiid left 
orders in Yaiuna with the commacdani to 
provide a house, and Hiipply mv with every 
kind of necessary gratit : and, though 1 
have been allowed to make presents to the 
sluves, &c., I tvave not been permitted to 
pay for a single article of household con- 

"I nwle out on the iTzier's horses, and 
saw the {mlacen of himself and grandsons : 
thev are splendid, but too much oniamented 
with ailk and gold. I then went over the 
mtiuntain.s through Zitxu, a villiigc with a 
Greek monastery (where I slept on my 
return), m the moi^t bcmititui Bituafion 
(always excepting Cintru, in ]*urlugal) [ 
ever beheld. In nine days 1 reached Te- 
paleen. Our joiuiiey wu» much pnjlun^ed 
by the torrents that had fiiUca frotn the 
mountains, and intersected 1^ roads. I shall 

" ThM lUnk apon Ctlypto't Vim, 
EndMr*!! bjr dajtt goae bgr ; 
To altHVB gfta a dmuMud nttii. 
To me ft ttacU lltti,** *^ M- 





aevpT forget the nngtilar scene ' on entering 
Tepaleen at five in the afternoon, ns the smt 
wm gomg down. It bruught to my mind 
(with sonic change of ifrw^fcowever J Scott's 
ucscription of Branksoin/CBstle in his Lai/, 
and the feudut nvEiteni. '* The AII>anianK, ni 
their dresses, (the most mogniTiccnl in the 
world, consijiting of n long whi/r kilt, gold 
worked cloak, crimson velvet gotJ-bicetl 
jacket and n-aifiicoat, Hilvcr-mountcd pistob 
and daggers,^ the Tartars v-ith their high 
caps, the Titrk.s in th(*ir vuxt iind 
turbans, the soldiers and hW-k slavea with 
the horses, the ftirmcr in grunpn in an iin> 
jueiue Inrgc open gallery in iront of the 
palucc, the latter pluced in u kind of cloister 
below it, two hundred steeds re;idv capa- 
risoncd to move in a nionicut, couriers en- 
tering or passing out with the desputches, 
the kcttlc-^lrum^ iK-altng, bm':< culling the 
bour &om the minAret of the mosque, 

< Tha fallowing U Mr. HobhauM't lau embellUlipil 
dcKHptlon of (bUiecii«: — " The court al TcpeUcDR, 
wMcli *u iTneJowd oa t»0 itilM br tlM jMtaee, nod on 
Vtxr otlier t« o iMa Iqr ■ Ufb v*lU pnKstad lu, at our 
ant rntr«rtc«, with a light Hatflilng Uka what wendxhl 
hare. perhap«. bchrlil tame buodn^ jvut >^ to the 
cwtle-fArd at a ktniJ fnQda] latd. traltUars, witli tbvlr 
■mil pilad agiiiut the maW iieiir Ibuiu, were tuM'ruliIrd 
Id dlfl^nt parts of the tqimrc ; (omii of ihr-rn racing 
»ti>wlf backwarda anil forw-arH^. and olh^n klttiuic on 
iJu! (Hund In gTOupi. SvTeral horiM, camplfttel; luipa- 
rUnncd. wma leading about. obUit albert were ndgblni 
UDdtr tbe haiiil* of Ibv grctiiaf. In tta« part (artheal 
t^on the dwelling, preparatloni wera m»lilm |br Um 
tmtX of (lie iiljchi -, anil lovera] Ud* aod Uivap «»re bHnf 
dntnod hj coolia wba wara tbtuMlrci half arnifd. 
Bnir)> thlnKwors * mutt aoartUl locik, tbuiigli not n- 
wtlf In Iho itrlc of the hrad-quarton of a Chriidu 
|m«ral ; for aiKaj of the taldleri were In Ute nm»l cnm- 
tnoii dr»i, Kitlioul ttion. oiid hiving more wUdnMa in 
ihelr air and loaiuitr than tha Atbaaiaiu wo bwl tmforc 

On compartnf thli dcacripllan, wMrh ti ltt>!>lf auffi. 
dcnllj itrlklng, witb lb.n«* which I.Anl Djtmi Iuu ^\\fti 
of tb«aamc Kcne, both iu the letter to hit natlior, and 
In the a acood canio of Cblldr Harold, wr (aia aoilM 
fnilflit Into Uiv proceM by which ImafflRatloii davMat, 
wllboui faldfytnit, rMllty, and fa>u bcn»iMi brigMaMd 
and Ndaed Into poetry. Aacendloe tttxa Mm rvprv* 
•tnlallon drawn bilhfully on Ibr *pol lij the tranllar, 
to tbe mon.- faudful arrantcemrat of tha aasM material* 
\a thf Ifiirr i>r thr pm. « » at Ir^irth, Hf OM ttcp mors, 
arrl«« at thai cooiitmmale. Idojiaed pktuia, th« mult 
of iMlh iMOWTf and InvmlluH roinblned, which hi the 
Eollowltii iplandM •taniai Li prcHniod to ui ; — 

" Amldit no common pomp tbAde«pot tatit, 
WhRv Iniiy |>rrparaIioD> »kouk Ihv cutirt, 
Slariw, eunuch*, loldiert, itunt*. and fantona wall [ 
Within a palnrr, and wltbcul a foft ; 

llart him: ofaiarydtana appear to make rotort. 

" Itlchir caiwrlion'd. a r*«Jy row 
Of armed bcmr, and nangr a warlike itore, 
Circled the wtde>M(teaAlivg court Maw i 
Abuva, aranf* ircupa adoru'd (he eorridora ; 

altogether, with the sir^l&r appeonmce of 
the tmitding itttelf, formed a new and de^ 
lightful Npettacle to a stranger. ' aI vu 
conducted to a xcry handsome ap^tmcni, 
iind my health inquired after by the vizir'i 
secretary, * ii-ta-inode Turque ! ' 

" The next day I was introduced to Ali 
Pikcha. I was drcssDd in a full suit of stiff 
uniform, with a very magnificeot sabre, Ac.- 
The Wzicr received me in a large room pared 
with cnarblc ; a fountain was plapng m tiw 
centre ; the upurtnicnt wa» Kurroundcd hj 
BOirlet ottomans.' He received me standing, 
a wonderful compliment from a Mussulioaa, 
and tiiiide me sit down on his right hand, I 
have a Greek interpreter for general me, 
but a physician of Ati'ti named Fetnlario, who 
undcratandx I^tin, acted fur me on thi« oc- 
casion. lUs first question was, why, at m 
early an iige, I left my country?^ — (the 
Turks hove no idea of travelling for amus^ 

And oft-ttnaa thmugb the orta'i «cbolnf door 
Soraa blfh-«ifip'd TarUr ipurr'd hU atMd airay. 
Tha Turk, Iha Oraak. tb« Albanian, and tb« Uoor. 
Hore mloilad In tlulr Dunj>huad arraj-, [of dar. 

Wblla ihada^ trar-dnu'i wutul aaaoaucfld tba doia 

" Tba wUd AlbanUo. klrtlad lo hU kne*. 
Wiih thawl.flrt bead and oroaaKBted |ua. 
And g:olJ-?mbrDldcr'd sannaBta, (Ur to acv t 
The cninuifi-kcufvd men «f MacadoD ( 
The Delhi, with liiamportcrrDroti, 
And crooked rIdItc -, tbe Urelf , ta^l^ Oreck i 
And tWBTlby Nubia'* mutUaled wn \ 
Tb« baardnl Turk that rarnlf d«4KM U ipat^ 
Haatar ofall around — loo poteaitatMrna^ 
" Are mlK'd, nmiplcuoiii ; toma recline la grDapa, 
Sranainf the mullejr tcrnt thai rarte* round ; 
Tlvere aouie graie Uutlon to dandoo noopt. 
And Roniff that unoke, aad aaiBa that pl«7, an faaidt 
Hert: tliF Albanian proudly tl«adl iba gnmoA ] 
Half whliperlBf tbrra tba Rrerk li baard to pnBt ; 
Hark I froni the raoiqua the nlgbtly aolMna MUad. 
The MiiMiln** call dclh •hake the minaret, 
"There If aa god butGodl — In [irajrcr— lot Codll 
CT^^U 1 - " Viiiat UaroU, Caato IL 

* l&rr l^j of the Lait BUnatrcl. raoto I. SooU't F^ 
tdeal Workt, *d1L ti. p. #. ed. 1S33.] 

* [" In the Meond casta of Childa Hanld, Lord Bfroa 
ha* admlrahl]! cbaraclerlMd thl* •cpdc u h« aaw tl lo tb« 
ttraiUn at Iha Vimfn at TepaJtnJ. Hit plerarDa ar« m 
mlautaljr-aoeaaratc to thdr docriptlra dMalla, aa ibay an 
■plandid uid InpiHlag [a tbt poatry which eoanji tht* 
to the qro of the mdar."~ Pa. UoiLLaMD.] 

* [Tin marhle-paT«d jiarlKon. wkara a ipriaa 

Of Ijvlns wK^r from th« emitra nue. 
Whoa; bulitilfnf did a eenlal fmhoBM BSf« 
And ton niluptUDii* rouchca breathed rtpaat, .y 
Ali nreUned, ftc. — OMe AantU, e. U. at. fliy 

' [" W« lold Mm Ihf dodrv of aeetnt to Reat anM 
aa hlmtHf. * Aye,* retiinved he, • did fnu ner bMrof 
nic In Enclond?' We, of coune. auured hbmtkathi 
wai a rer; cotomoo lut^ect it eaartttatlaa In Mf 
etkortr; : and he taeared bj oa nueaaa InaccvnlUl to Ifca 
flattery." — Haaaacta.! 

Bt. 21. 



nwst). He then said, the EnglUfi minister, 
Q^lUin Leake, had told him I viu of a 
ftal fitmilv, nnd de«rcd his respects to mv 
nodicf ; wnich I now, in tht> name nf Ali 
Bulla, jireacnt fo you. He said he vrus 
ttrtua I was a man of birth, bccsusc I had 
ml) ean, eurlint^ htiir, and little white 
knds<, and expressed'plea<icd with 
nj i^pearaoce and ciu'h. Ue totd me to 
ooondcr him an a father whilftt 1 va.H in 
TWkey. and said he looked on nic ax his 
m. Indeed, he trrated nie like a child, 
■aifing me alnumda and sugared sherbet, 
hit aad sweetmeats, tm-cnty times a day. 
Btbeiged me to risit him often, and at nifi;ht, 
vhmlw was at Ictiiure. I then. after cotfrc 
■aJ pipes, retired for the fint time. I saw 
him iKricc afterwardK. It \s sinj^idnr, that 
dte TWks, who have no hereditary dignities, 
lad few great families, except the Sultans, 
ftj to much respect to birth ; for I found 
■J pcdi^ce more regarded than my title* 

" To-doy I saw the rcmnins of the town 
tt Aetium, nenr which Antony lo^t the 
vorld, in a small bay. where two frigates 
nrdid hardly auuKcuvre : a broken wall is the 
tde remoant. On nnnthcr part of the ^^ilf 
UUkds the nuns of Niaipolu, built by Au- 
naCna in honour of ids victory. Last night 
TwM U a Orc«k marriaec ; hut thm nnd a 
lliounnds things more f have neither time 
nor tpaet to de«rribe. 

" 1 am ^ing to-morrow, with a guard of 

> LtaotaoM-CalotvJ Laokr, F.ltS.. sutbor of " TV 
kf of Athent." " KMearchc* la Urcecc," 
' J iMMl «(• Tow In Jui» Mliwr," Ac, 

) to tlM ikapc of Uw handj, u a mart or hlsfi birlb, 
tmt Wpn* MkimU hul u Inplldl Ulh w Um PuIu : 

m Wmt ta^tn," In Don Juan. 

' A trw MBtMrn* at* k«n> ami qImiwImyo mnlUnl, •• 
•a ntenatx U> Lord Bjma hintelf, but martly 
> parUcolan nUcIng to All ud bit gnnd- 
^tMk BMy tw foood ta nrioui bookj of cranli. 
A Mt farfoUcn kb nMt ptaft «h«a Dr. HalWid, 
yt»n •>W, vltlud AIImiiU:— " I ni«Dtli>i|cd lo 
fneraUj <Hr* n>^ IntrlUsmt lra*«ll«r>. L,otd 
I'l fomxH dnet)|rtiM> of Albania, tlw lalarv« ll 
la Bnttand, and Mf. HaMmaa'a Intended 
flf Ml tmtatt In tlw him eontrr- lie 
plOMaJ «r1tb thete elrcumuaoeet, ani itatod hli 
of liutd Bjraa." 


* {" Th* capUiD vrung hU hmO*, and w«pt. Brfne 
•Aid wtnt bo ankl do, be ukl be caulil do nnthlng. 
'DrM ba cot bach to ibe atkln land?' — -U tlwl 
AaMM,' wo* Ml aotwer. * Cmild ho maka Corfki ? ' — 
'irOaddiaoiw.' la •botl, tbor* wai nolhliic IHl but 
m rm^tmm be wonld fiT* np tba ■aaateanant of tfae 
•oMrf ut tba Cnaki. Bt vii ba would giro It ta aaj 
todtr-"— ikwwen-l 

* I b«M bMid (ba potf 'I Mlow-lravfllrr ilMcribo tlJj 
iMCanM of bli coatnoat and eouraoo evmi 

•trlklDc'j tbaa It It bo» italtd bf UiqmIC. 

fifty men. to Patras in the Morcn. nnd thfnce 
to Athenfi, where 1 ahull winter. Two ilnvs 
ago I was nearly lost in a Turkish ahip of 
war, owinjj to tlie ipnomnce of the captain 
nnd crew, though the slorni was not violent. 
Fletcher yelled after his wife, the (Jrecka 
called on nil the snintx, the Mussulmans 
on Alia ; the captain bunt into tears and 
ran hclow deck, tolling us to call on (mkI ' j 
the saiU were split, the main-yard shivered, 
the wind blowing fresh, the mglit scttinp in. 
and all our chance was to moke Corfii, 
which is in possession of the French, or (as 
Fletcher pathetirnllv termed it) ' a watery 
t'rave.' 1 did whut I could to console Flet- 
cher, but finding him incorrigible, wrapped 
niyscir up in my Albnnian ca[wte (an im- 
mense cloakj, and lay down on deck to wait 
the worst.* I have Icarat to philosophise 
in my travels ; nnd if I had not, eompliiint 
was useless. Luckily the wind abntcd, and 
onlv drove lis on the coa>t of Sulf, on the 
mam land, where we landed, and proceeded. 
by the help of the natives, to Prc\'esa acaJn ; 
but I ahall not trust Turkish sailors in future, 
though the Pacha had ordered one of hit) 
own plliotj* to take me to Patras. I am 
thereiorc going as far as Mi»»olunghi by land, 
and there have only to cross a small gulf to 
get to Patrwi. 

" Fletcher'a next epistle will be full of 
marvels. We were one night lont for nine 
huurH in the moiuitains in a thunder-storm", 


Fliidlng that, rrom hli lonnini, be wu unable to b» of 
my *cnk-« to tba exertlant whlrb (farlr TC17 icriDn* 
dangrr callod for, alUr a laugh at Iwo at tha panto of bl* 
«b1pI, hi- not only arappM hlmictf u{i and Iqr dimi, in 
Ike inaun<.-r her« mcnUwiod, but, whoo tholr dlflcuUlM 
wvxc iiimnatintMl, wai ibwad lut ilniji. 

■ In the mute from Joonnliui to Zltaa, Hr. Hndbouic 
and th« ■wTrtarr of All. aecofiipaaM by oca of th« M-r. 
•anta. had rodo on bHbrv the mt of ttw partf. and 
arrivod at tli« rilUga Jiut a* lb« »vciilti« act In. Aftn 
■Uttrrlbtng lh« «ort of boTfl ia which thajr v«ra lo tako 
Dp ibftb- quansri for the nJibl, Mr. Uobbouaa thua cob. 
tlniw^: — ■• VuUlj waa dcopaccbod toto tb« «111a(« to 
procnra scgi and fa«li, that wuiild bs ready, a« «o 
UiouKhl, by the arrival o(th« leoood (Witi'. But an hour 
pattpd Bwajr and no ana apvevvd. It wa« Kf on o'clock, 
and thettmtnhadiocnaaodteafttrylhadnnerbpfliro, 
and. tnd««d, ba*9 turn ilnee, Man oqualltd. Th* rwf 
of oar hQTCl ilMiokitndprUtnclatterior torrent* and iputi 
of wind. Tbe tbuodet raamt. ai II wnned. oltbtnit any 
Intcmlutan ; fur tbe ci-boei vt one pcol bail not reurd 
to roll In the mauntalni, before autHher trirmmdaot 
craih bum oTrr mir he«li ; whiltt the plalni and Uia 
dlftao1hUU(irUiblc tbriHiKh the crack* of tkooMni ap- 
poarod In a parpotual bUie. Tba tcmpnt wu tUmtUbm 
lerrlllc. uid worthy of tka Grodu Jove ; mil the paa- 
lanta, no I«m nUgllKU than thittr annaMn. cnnfMint 
thHr alarm. Tba woonaa wept, and Uw nrn, callliiir on 
Uie naina at God, crourd thcntMUvi at crety rcpcBti<d 

" Wo were ntry impaay (hat th« party did not arrive ; 
Lmt iho wcretary asnircd bi« that th4 fuUta knew arcry 






and since nearly wrecked. In both caws 
Fletcher was sorely bcwililcrvil, fnim afi- 
prefaeDsionB nf famine utid baiitlitti in the 
Sntt and drowning in the second in^tunce. 
His eyes were a Imle hurt hy thf liglitninp, 
or crying (1 don't know whicn), but arc now 
recovcrctt. Whcnyou write, address tome at 
Mr. .Sirune':*, En<;]ish consul. Pmras. Morcu. 
" I could tell you 1 know not how many 
incidents that 1 think would anuise you, hut 
they crowd on my mintl ua much as the}' 
would swell my [miter, and I can nc-ithcr 
arrange them in the one, nor put them down 
on the other, eiccjit in the greatest cmifuaion. 
I like the Albunians much -. they arc not all 
Turks ; some rribea are Christiatis. But 
theirreligion makes little diflerence in their 
mamier or conduct. They tire eitcemedl the 
bent troops in the Turkish Bcrvitc. I lived 
on my route, two iinys at once, and three 
days apain. in a hamick at 8aloRt,and never 
fiiund soldiers bo tolcndilc, thnugli I have 
been in the garriswins of (iihraitar and Malta, 
and lieen 8piuiitih, French, Sicilian, and 
British troopa in abundanee. I have had 
nothinf; stolen, and was always welcome to 
their provision and milk. Not a week ago 
nn Albimian chief, fevcry villugc has ita 
ehief, who is railed IVimnte,) after helping 
us out of the Turkish palley in her dii.truiwi, 
feeilini^ us, and lodi;inif my suite, coiisijit- 
ing of IHetchcr. a (Treek, two Athenians, a 
Greek priest, and my companion, Mr. Ilob- 
hoiise, refiUK'd any compenwrticvn Init a 
written paper stating that I wa-i well re- 
ceived ; and when I urcased him to accept 
a few sequinfi. ' No, he replied ; ' 1 wish 

{'ou tu love ine, ]iut Co |)ay mc/ Tbe^e an; 
lilt words. 

" It is astoni»hing how fur nioiiey ^>es in 
this country. WhUe I was in the capital I 

put ■flhacouotfT, MdUdiDhUovBunraut. wita wu 
with thai, and that thtj had cwtaln); Ukva thollcr In a 
rtlUfo « n btntr'a ^itanc*. Nat brlriE uIifAciI wUti 
til* eanjMlunv I ord»rad Art* la be lltt^toal nn rhr hill 
abor* tht «I1U||;«. vnI tauM mu*k>1i to be dltcborged : 
thli wu U »tnt«o oVlnrk, arul the *Utm htA not oIuIkI. 
I lajr down in tnjr inNlt owl ; bul aJI ilMfluK w* out of 
Itw qupttiao. M any panwt in llif trinpnC werr flllnl up 
by thf turkUiff at the Hop. and the ihouilnf at tti« ihep- 
h*nU tn ihe nrlghbmiring moutiiaUu. 

" A Uuls aftrr nildrlKtit. a nan, paocliig and pale, and 
drenclMd with nla, nubi^d Into thw ntom, «»!. lietVMn 
crying and K^adna, with a prcfiulna of acllan.ctfmtDUDl- 
cabvl iinnrihliig to th« it«?n-lnr)-, of wlilrh 1 unilmtood 
OQlf — th» ther hiuL all Ulan down. 1 iBomt. Iitnreter, 
that no acrldunt h&d hB|>t>me4, vxerpt the blllnii of lh« 
Inffifo )Kir«c«, and loahig tbalr wa;, and that thtFT wvn 
now walllns for frMh honM and (ubtat. Ten vpra 
launrdiatel; »rnt to Ihann, togvthar with aevcral nta witb 
pIno-birchM -, but it wai w»t UU two rtVloek In Ihii mern- 
Idji ibai vr brwd Divj on* app roach hi (c. luid luy Friend, 
viih thn prWt and tti« Mmaali, did not enua our hut 
hefore tbm. 

had nothing to pay b^- the \Tzier'» order; 
but since, thuu[;h I have generally had 
sixteen horses, and generally six or seven 
men, the expeniie has not been Aaf/as much 
as staging <mU' tliree week-i in Malta, though 
!Sir A. Ball, tfic governor, gave me a hotue 
for nothing, and I had only one ttrvant. By 
the by, I cxjH-ct Hanfton to remit rcgidarty ; 
for t am not about to stay in thi& province 
for c*"cr. Let him write to roe at Mr. 
Strong's, English consul. Hatras. The feet 
is, the fertility oi the plains b wonderful, and 
siieeie is satree, winch make« this remarkable 
chcapnciis. \ nm going to Athens, to study 
modern Greek, which differs much from the 
ancient, though radically similar. 1 have no 
de&ire to retunt tu Euglimd, nor «hail I, 
unless compelled by idisolutc want, and 
Hanson's neglect ; but I shiill not enter into 
Aiiia for a year or two, a.t I have much to 
see in Greece, and I may perhaps croM into 
Africa, Mt least the Eg_vpti:in pjui. Fletcher, 
like all Englishmen, \n very uuu-h dissatirted, 
thou^l) a little reconciled to the Tni^ bv k 
present of eighty piastres from the vizier, 
which, if yoii consider every thing, and the 
vidiie of ejjetie here, is nearly worth ten 
piiineaj) EnglUh. He liaa suffered nothing 
bul from cold, heat, and vermin, which those 
who lie ia cottages and cross mountains in a 
cold country muKt undergo, and of which 1 
have equally partaken whit himself; but be 
is not valiant, and is airaid of rubbers and 
teiiipe-ivts. I hiivc no one to be remembered 
to in En|^land,and wish to hear nothing froai 
it, hwt that you are well, and a letter or two 
on hu.siness from Hanson, whom you may 
tell to write. I will write when I can, and 
beg you tu beliere me, 

" Yuur aflectionate son, 

" By BOS." 

" I now Iramt fron htm that lh»f hod lott thair waf 
rnm lh« cnmmcTKftnnnt of tUn •torm, when not ab««« 
tliiM mils (Tona th« vlllaer ; and ihu, aRrr wandertni 
lip and ilnMrn In total ignuriLOcr- oT titrir poftttotit Hwf 
hud, at lut, ftoppcd niwr aoinc Torklth tombatooM and 
a torrent, ibIiIcIi ihry law bf tho ttaahca or HgtwiJuf, 
Thry bad bfrn tbua mpoHd ftr nine boan ; aod IhB 
giiictn. to far frvan a atl ati n g Ihco. oalj ■niwiiium Iha 
confiUliKi, bf riuinlDit inrajr, alka> hatnr thnaMwd wfek 
bath br (irocs>! tiM) drapitnnn. wt>n. Id an a{(oaf of nwa 
and llBir, and. wltliout giring an; warnlnit, fired uff both 
tttf (ilitulu, and ilrpw fioni ili« EujUah »cT*ant an in- 
volimtarjr terrain of horror, for hv Unurlnl Utcj- wen 
t>r>«1 try rotilier*. 

"I had nal, at fon haT« Rwn, wtniCiKid th« dlttriMlai 
Itart of thit »dvmtiirir mj-K-lf ; tnit Krom tb« lirtljr plcliir*« 
drawn of It bj mj MeaA, aail from ibn psafor^ralvd di> — 
■cripui>Di or Uenrgc, I fanrivd diy»plf a^od judK«of th^ 
«bolo illuailon, and ihoiiU «)nai4i-r llil* to ba*e 
one of the moat cootMrrabte of tbc few adi enturca th 
h^Hl either of \u durlnic our lour In Tiirfcpj, It wi 
\oag btioi* wp cMied to talk atxh^ Umnder-itonii In d 
ptalEi of ZlUa." I 


Ml. 21. 




Ahnut the niiJtlle of Nm'cmhcr, the yminij 
trarfUcf took hie deiJiirtiirc from PrL'^-t-sa 
(ihe place where the forepoing letter was 
written), atid nrocecJeil, iitti-ndcil tiy Im 
purd of hfiy Altianuiift' , through Aconuuiia 
uul ^^folia, towairds the Morea. 

" tod tfemim dU be tadu • tnutj tend 
ftHiMne AmBonl*'* forest wide, 
h w wvD HMaa*d. wd mitb labaan Unn'd, 
Tilt br ttid gTMt ttUte Acfa»k>iu' Udo, 

Aid Chuut U* IWther butk £toUa'« wcJd* caplcd." 
OUUr ffaroU, Cutto li. 

Hii description of the night-sccn^; nt 
Vtivkey (a xmalt tiLice KJtd.itcd in one of 
ifae bay* of the (iulf uf Artu J is, iiu doubt, 
nridly in the recollection of every reader of 
Ulcw pages > nor will it dtniiruKh thdr 
PijojaDent of the wild beaiitie.'^ of tJiat 
pcturc to be made &C{iHmiitL'd with the real 
nrcuautances on which it was founded, in 
dko SoUinnng, oiiiuiuted detoilx uf tiic name 
MKac by his fcUow-traveUcr : — 

" to the evening the pitcs were (lecured, 
tnd prcpantiona were niiide lor feeding our 
AUnuumu. a goat v/m kilted and rousted 
vbole, and four 5res were kindled iii the 
jvd. round which the aoldiers seiited tht-iii- 
Hh es io parties. AAcr eatbg and drinkinc:, 
the pvBtrr port of tlicni asKtinhleii round 
ike largaC of the fires, and whitbt ournetvcs 
ud ibe lUen of the party were seated on 
ihefffmad, danced round the blaze to their 
MB Jones, in the imuiner before described, 
bit vith an astonishing enexgy. All their 
•D^p were relations of some robbins; exploits. 
(km ill them, which detained them more 
iftnt an hour, beguji thus : — ■ \Vlieii we »et 
<«l from Parga there were sixty of ua ;' — 
tltoa came the burden of the \ersc, 

*■ > Rnbbcn »a Bt Pvga r 
ftiilibeni aU Mt I-arga 1 

** ' KJiionu «tn HmfyM I 

AaJ ■> they roared ant this <ttavc they 
vUrled round the fire, dropped and re- 
hooMlfd from their knees, am' itgnin whirled 
I' 'k? chorus wu* ttjiMn r('|H*»te(i. 

1 : of the waves upon the pebhly 

niiii^'ui wii.jfe we were scoted filled up tlic 
patuen of the nong with a milder and mit 
bore tnunutoniiuji rnu^ic The iii^lit wu^ 
T«y lUrfc, but by the flashes of the fires we 
tiagfat n ^imp<it' of the woodn, the rocks, 
mi the Ukc, which, to;:cthcr with the wild 
ypauance of the doneert, prc-tcnied us 
»n) a scene that would have mode u fine 

' Ur. Mobfcour. I lUnh. wakr» l)i« niiubarr irf (hit 
furQ bat thtTtf««rMi, aad Lord Bimn, In ft tulaeiiuoDt 
IWn, ntm tk*a M Pnty. 

* " Oh. Ihaa harnaauui 1 wham I DO*r fomy. 
NX M the ttvntj a( a Anamn't efv, 

pit^ure in the hutuU of Riich nn .irtist as the 
uuthor of th;; Mj-steries of Udolujio." 

Having travcrncd Acamania, the travellers 
passed to the; jlitoliiin side of ihe Achelous, 
and on tlic 2ljtt of NoveinlxJ renrhed Mis- 
&oIouj,'hi. And here, it is impossible not Ut 
pause, and send a imniniful tiitmirlit forw.-uvi 
t<i tlic vL'iit which, fiftcL-u ^eiirs altLT, lie paid 
to this Kiune Kput, when, iti the full meridian 
IhiIIi iif hlN :u;tr and fuine, \tK came to lay 
down his life as the champion of that hml, 
tiiruii<!;h which he now wandered u stripling 
and a srmnger. Coulfi wimc s(»irit liave 
here revealed to him the events of that iu- 
ten-al, — have kIiowh him, on the one side, 
the triimiph»i that awaited him, the |}ower 
his varied genius would acquire over all 
heortN, alike to elevate or depress, to darken 
or ilhiniiiiate theui, — und then phice, on 
the other side, oil the penalties of this gift, 
the waste and wear of the heart throuf*h the 
imu^iuttion, the havoc of that piTpetual fire 
within, which, uhile it daz]:le^ others, con- 
5uniCK the po8^c««)r. — the iiividiou»neitK of 
.such an ele>'iitiuii in the eyes of mankind, 
und the rcven;>e they take on him who com* 
pels them to look up to it. — wonfd he, it 
may he ofikcd. have wclcoojed elory on »iuc-h 
conditions? would lie not rather have fell 
that the pnrchnse wa^ too eoHtly, and that 
such warfare with on ungrateftilworid, while 
living, would be ill recompensed even by the 
immortality it mi^ht iiwom him afterwards? 
At Mi.sM>longhi he diKininsed his whole 
band of jUbonians, with the exception of 
one, named ]}erviHh, whom hi; took into Iun 
serrice, and who, witli Basilius, the ut- 
teiidant allotted him by Ali I'ncha, continued 
with him {Luriiig tEic rcninindcr of his stav in 
the Enjit. After a residence of near a (ort- 
ni;^ht at Patras, he next directed his course 
to Voatizza, — on approaching whieh town 
thi: Foowy peak of Puriiussus, towering on 
the other side of the Gulf, Unt broke on his 
eyes ; and in two dajn after, lunoiig the 
sacred hollow:! of Delphi, tlie stanztu, with 
whieh that vision bad inspired him, were 
writtei*. * 

It was at this time, ihot, in riding along 
the sides of Pama-s^iiFt, he saw an unusually 
large Hight of eagles in tlic air, — a pheno- 
menon which seems to have aflccted his 
imnginntion with a sttrt of |K>e1ieaI super- 
stition, lu he, more than once, recurn to the 
ciramistanec m his journals. Thus, " Going 
to the fuuntuin of Delphi fCastri) in 1809, 
I saw a flight of twelve cuglcs (H. ntysthcy 

Not In llw rablnl Iaiubc9|i« of » Uj. 

Hilt toat\n$ itiow-clNd Ibrootb tby natln> ikf, 

tuUie wUdpomtiDfmiiURtalnnuilHtj'l" 

CUUt Uanta, Cuto 1. 

H 8 




were viilttircs — at least in conversation), 
anJ I seized the omen. On tliu day before 
I composed the lineH to Purnassus (in Cliildc 
Hiirnld), and, on 1>chDlding tlic birds, tiad a 
ho\Mi that Apollo had acfcpted ni_v hrtnmge. 
I have at least had thu name tuid tiune ol' a 
poet during ihc jwctical part of life {from 
twenty to thirty) ; — whethiir it will lail \a 
another matter." 

He has also, in reference to this joitmcy 
from Patras, related a little anecdote of his 
owu 8|>c>rt«inansh)p, which, by all hut tsporta- 
men, will be thought creditable to his 
humaiuty. " The last bird I ever fired at 
was an euj;lct, on the nhore uf the Gulf 
of Lcnonto, near Vastizz.!. It wait only 
wounded, and I tried to save it, — the eye 
WHS 80 bright. But It pinctl. and died in u 
ftw d«ya ; and I never uid since, anil never 
will, attempt the death of another bird." 

To a, traveller in Greece, there are few 
thingfi more remarkable than the diminutive 
extent of tlioBf fouiitries, which have filli^d 
such a wide space in fame. " A iiuui might 
vnry easily," says Mr. Ilobhuuse, " at a 
moderutc pace ride from Lirndin to Thcbca 
and back again between brejdcf:iKt and din- 
ner ; and the tour of aU Ba-otiu iiiiglit cer- 
tiiirdy be muile in two dayt* without ba^^^oi^e.'' 
Ilavrng mjtcd. within a wry short i^pacv of 
titnr, the fountnin.-* of Memory and Oblivion 
at IJviiiliiL, and the huimt!« 01 the Tsuienian 
Apollo at Tlicbea, the travellers at lenj^th 
tumeJ towards Athens, the city of tliHr 
dreiuiis. ami, after crosjiin;; Mount ("ithicron, 
urrived in siij;ht of the ruins of Phylc. on t^c 
evening of C'hrinimii.s-diiy, 1MU9. 

Though tlte poet has left, in his own 
vcrws, an ever-diirinp leslimony of the 
enthueiBxia witJi which he now conteniplutcil 
the scenes around him, it is not difFiLuU to 
conceive tlint, to huperficial oSser^'ers, Lord 
Byron ut Atlicns might liavc appeared an 
untouched spectator o( much that throws 
ordinary travellers into, at leajtt, verbal 
ruptures. Ft)r pretenders of every sort, 
whotht^r m taste or morale, he entertained, 
at nil (imes, the most profound contempt ; 
uiui It', frequently, Ilia real fecHngii o( ad- 
miration disguised themselves under an 
aH(H'ti*d tone o( iiidijfereiKe and mockery, it 
was out of pure hostility to the cant uf thn^e, 
who, he well knew, praised without any feel- 
ing at all. It must be owned, too. that while 
he thus Justly (<l the raptures of the 
common herd of travellers, there were some 
pursuits, even of the intelligent ami taMlefid, 

> The puuge of lUrilt. tDd««d, contaliu tha ^th of 
ihe whole itaata:— " Nixu'lcbaaiullni ttis variotu tbr- 
iun«ot At^«>nt, M^dlr. AUJuliiUU liuiiaiu ftndln*. 
■Stl Uuuat Ufinettui for bvucj'- Uunua ImtltuticMU 


In which lie took but very little intemt 
NVitil the antti]uanan and connoi&Mnir bii 
.sympathies were few and feeble: — "I aa 
not a collector ," he says, in one of his nolei 
on ChilJe Harold, " nnr nn admirer of cot 
lections." For antiquities, indeed, tin*- 
tiocLated with high names and deeda, be bad 
no value whatever ; nml of works oif art be 
WBs content to admire the gereral effect, 
without profchsinf;, or aiming at, any know* 
Icdjte of the detuiU. It waii to nature, io 
her lonely sceJicH uf grandeur and beauty, or 
us at Athens, shining, unchanged, among the 
ruins of glory and ofart, that the tnie fervid 
homage of his whole soul was paid. In the 
few notices of hiA travels, appended to Childe 
Harold, we find the sites and sccDCfy of the 
ditrerent place» he vintted far more fondlv 
dwelt upon than their cluHsic or historiou 
associations. To the valley of ^ixa be r^ 
verts, both in i)roKe and verse, with a mudi 
wanner recollection than (u Delphi or dw 
Troad I and the plain of Athens hself ii 
chiefly praiM'd by him an " a more ^ocioni 
prospect than even Cintra or Istambol" 
Where, indeed, could Nature assert tudi 
duims to hi.H worship as in scenes like these, 
where he beheld tier blooming, in inde> 
^tnictiblc beauty, amid the wrcc^ of all that 
man da-ins nuist worthy of duradonF 
" iliiTiian inititntinns," sHy^ Harris, " pcridi, 
but Nature is pcrniunent i-^or, as LorJ 
Hvroii hiu nin|i1ified thiH thought* in one of 
lu^ most splendid passages : — 

" VK ari> Ihf iklca u bliw. thj cnfs u »tl<l ; 

Swc« uv Chjr KToTd, atiil vpinlaiit are ttij AfUls. 

ThlMi mIIto ripp M wtlfD Mtncrtu imilnl. 

And mil hU honrjrHl malth Il;iiirtlu< ytrUl* ; 

Thpn-tbe IiIIIIhi bee hlf fm|ra»t <'"''"'•* tiulldi, 

Tbv freo-bom wuidener of thr toounuin-^lr | 

Api>ll<i mil thf lonir, lung lumiDCT glldi. 

Still to till beam McndcH'i marble* glan { 
Alt. Gtury, FKxdoni fail, tut Natur« Mill li bit." 

CMibb HanU, Coaia It 

At Athens, on this hts first visit, he made 
a Htay of lK>twecn two and three months, 
not a day of which he let pass vithuut em- 
pJoying some of it« hoxur in visiting the 

f;rai)d monuments of ancient genius arounA 
Liiii, and calling up the spjnt of other time* 
among their ruins. He made frcqtientty^ 
too, excursions to difltjrcnt parts o( Attico 9 
and it was in one u( his vJMts to Cs^ Co— ' 
lonna, at this time, that he was near beinf^S 
seiied by u jjarty o^ Mainotcs, who wcr^g 
IvLiig hid in the eaves under the cliff o^B 
I^linerva SuniuK. These pirutts, it appears-^ 

pa<rl*h. but Nalun> li pertnanctil."— Pti/otrg. Inqmrier^-^ 
— 1 ivcollect liartiv onopoliitrd out tliii rmtuMwan t^^ 
lyord Drnm, but he aiHred me that be lud nvraf vr^^^ 
iccD thla wojk of Hani*. 







were only iletcixcd from nttackin^him (an a 
Greek, who was then Lhtir pnaoncr, m- 
fomirtl him afterivards) by a supposition 
thut the two Albnniiiis, vhotn thtiy mv,- nt- 
tending him, were but part of a complete 
guard he- had nt hantl. 

Ill ailditioD to all the magie of its names 
uid sceneit the city of Minerva possessed 
another aort of attniL-tiuii for ihc poet, to 
which, wherever he went, his heart, or 
rnlher imagination, waK but too seninblc. 
Uis pretty sofig, " Blaid of Athene, ere ve 
part '.*' is mid to have been addrf>sscd to the 
cklMt daughtcir o( thi? (ireck Indy at whose 
home he lodged -, und ihut the ftiir Athenian, 
when he composed these verses, may have 
been the tenant, for the time being, of his 
fiinry, is hi(;hly possible. Thcodoni Mm-ri, 
his hostess, wns the widow of ihc late En- 
eh^h vicc-cun.^nl, and derivrd a livelihood 
fratn letting, chiefly tu E(i^ LraveU(>n>, 
the apartmcDts which Lord Byron and his 
friend now occupied, and of which the Utter 
gentleman givea ua the following description : 
— *' Our lodgings consisted of a sitting-room 
and two. hwl-moms, opening into a court- 
yvrd, where there were five or six Icmon- 
trees, from which, during our retudence in 
the ntacc, was plucked the fruit that acaaon- 
ed tjie pihif, und othernational dishes served 
U|) »l our frijgal talile." 

The (hme of an illustiious poet ie not 
confined to his own person and writinji^, but 
in)p;irts ii share of its splendoiu" to whatever 
has been, wen remotely, connected with 
htm : and not only ennobles ihc objects of 
his friendships, hin toixs, and even his 
likings, but on ever)- spot where he has so- 
journed through life leaves traces of its 
light that do not easily pass away. Little 
did the Miiid of AthvriE, while listening in- 
nocently to the conipUuieiits of the youiig 
Eugtiahnitui, forenee that a day would cume 
when he should make her nunie und hnmi! 
■0 celebnitcd that trnvt'llers. on iheir rctiini 
from Greece, wonM find few thin^ more 
kttBtsting tu thrir hearerK than Mich detiuls 
ofheraelfond her family as the following : — 
*Our iwrvant, who had gone before to 
procure acconiinodation, met its at tlic gate, 
and conducted us to Thcodom Maeri, the 
OMinilina'tt, where we at prcbcnt live. Thin 
Udy M the widow of the con»ul, and ha» 
three lovely daughters ; the eldest cele- 
brated for her beauty, and said to be the 
subject of those atiuizus hy I<ord Byron, ~— 
" ' ll«ld of AtbMu, «» we pvt, 

Glir.oh, fiTf BMtaefc nflnirtt* te. 

" At OrchoiDenua, where stixKltbcTemple 

I [SNWbtfeji, p. 54EL] 

of the Graces, I was tcjiiptctl to cxctaim, 
'Whither have the Gracea fledV' — Little 
did 1 expect to find tlu-m here. Yet ht-re 
comes one of tlicm with golden cups and 
cv^lfee, and another with a book. The book 
is a register of names, some of wtiich aro 
far sounded bv (he voice of fanic. Among 
them is Lord HyronX connected with some 
lines which 1 shall send you : — 
" ' Fair Alblaii, irnlltriK, trot lier Mm depart. 
To tram lh« birth anri nuncry of at i 
Notria hli oh)Kt. Klarloiu bit aim. 
Ho couMi Id AUhhu, aad be— wrluti Ills u«in«.' 

" The counterpoise by Lord Bvron : — 

" ' Thli modut t»n). like nanf a bani unkncirD, 
Rhrmet on our itaincB, but viiclj hiitt hit omo ; 
Sut j«( whov'er ba b«, to u; na warw, 
IU« nuH wniUrl brian more cTcdK tban bJi terie.' 

"Tlie mention of the three Athenian 
Graces will, I can fnrratx;, rouse your cu- 
riosity, and fire your imnginntion ; and I 
may dc?i[*uir of your farther attention till 1 
attempt to give you some destrriptinn of 
them. Their apartment is immediately ap- 
posiie to ours ; and if you could see them, as 
we do now, through the gently waving aj'o- 
inalic plants iK-fore our window, you would 
leave vour heart in Athens. 

" Thert^sa, the Maid of Athens, Calinco, 
and Mariana, arc of middle siati^e. On 
the crown of the head of each w a red 
Albanian cikuU-cap, with a blue tatnel spread 
out and fastened down hke a star. Ntair 
the cilge or bottom of the skull-can, U a 
handkerchief of various eolonrs bonnu round 
their temples. The vouJlge^t wcara her 
hair louse, fulling on her slioulders, — the 
huir behind descending down the back nearly 
to the wai^it, and. as u.'sual, mixeil with silk. 
The two eldest generally hiive their hair 
bound, and fiuitcned under the Iiandkerchief. 
Thiir ii(ipi'r robe is a pelisse edged with fur, 
hanging loose down to the ankles : below is 
a handkerchief of muslin eoviHitig the bosom 
and terminating at the waist, which t^ short ; 
under that, a gown of striped nilk or muelin, 
with n gore round the swell of the loins, 
falling in front in gracefid negligence; — 
white atockings imd yellow slippers complete 
their attire. The two eldest have block, 
or dark hair and eyes ; thetr visage oval, 
and complexiun somewhat pale, with ttiClh 
of daziUiig whiteness. Their checks are 
rounded, and noses straight, rather in- 
cliiurd to iiijuiltinc. The youngest, Ma- 
riana, is vcrj' fair, her face not so finel> 
rounded, but has n gayer expression than 
her staters', who»e cnnntenancea, except 
when the conversarion has something of 
mirth in, it may lie said to be rather pensive. 
Their persons are elegant, and their manners 
H 3 



13K Iff zjmy ] 

■MOitflM -ty»M4^ -UK wimna^ 

j» Mgpfi "M^ *tK!r •iwMiiitta. Ti« jht 3«k 

W*V jttiw *•»•. -Iwivin » «r^ »-f.-.-i«s7 iws- 

JMC-ii^^i NM atfU ^MM» 'Mm 41 MS 
»«« ■fcNi^w «■« jKWMbnr Mittt l ai Mt- 

««•-««»«■ ««» •• •a»ypi<«»ya« n— t. 

J|«4 -VWIM* tf»*«>4l~ 1 »Ma< a MM^T IMA 

*» 4Mr m^k ■(iKi— «•«•« »«• M* Mt awfllat w* ^' 

(1M m*fm0». fikiM* wkidh f lu»« JKJ CioB g i* 
)0*^ MsrlMT fiw,if < lu-* >Bw dMa » few ?B- 
fmumn Mtrf '/r^MA Im mw, ami ohc o* 

f^M ^7 ''iMMMf IhmuI/ THe»< «1mc voaU 
Imw* hA>/MM ''/ dM f >r»u>9i hud I vM joa 
iM<v««T KiMit n m^ f'tfrn M aQ dk^ bare. 
MM* « (i«xt« <>tM^ Mil a fcJcJNw ^ Ycm 
«k« ki^/ir *M*S*^ f h*r« lK«n t/^ naJke the 
timi MM^«Mv/n ^^f4 ; ikrA that tlie^ <lo da« 
A^.r'Ni «v«r« (inMA, t«at tlut it in m naa't 
iw^Mt iiiA4^«lirr*(4^ Mdire t/f dnnfc a fitdc 
•*i^«»**y "^ iwjrit, sftrf wMi </ beaou, if 
A//< mtwtrUA t/f w/ww wtMiy *htm. Sow 
f tlMnnnnmtMtMn to /^m a *e<Tct, but in 

" 7 Vw! )ivtf«r«, KtnM! ih« (iMtfh of the 

IMhWf Wf (bMr MfMTi! rwrni and tl/jnet, — 
wHtm mn wm itttrufrf. But, tiuM0t m> 
(MMfT, tlM^r «4rtu« KhinM m connpicuaiuly a* 
tMr IfmiftVf 

" Nfrt nil Uhi wnlth of the KMt, or the 
Mrmpltftwritiiry Uyn wen «f the ftnrt of Rne- 
ImmIn {MifrtK, cmM rtauUtr them bo truly 
worthy iif Unti and mUfiiriuUm.'* ' 

wtM. H.W.WIIIlMii. K«|. 

''Vc oniii 1 


pgRneT Heu& 

ae Aorc ^A we jfiTnimf a> a 
era sowsnii tfe ^dc v^exv we b 
t^ faac ^Mpw oc :^ Tbeseam i 
nmm of dv P ar:h e»M ihroupt d 
■ the voodir fee oncv mwian ■ 
dej aod the Afropa&i had btrm 

Al SBTTDa Lofti In run tboc sf> I 
<leiKC inthehocacof thecot— d -e m 
r rwiwrit there, with the excepooo 
or three dan empAorcd iaavisxtot 
of Efihcsail tin the' 1 1th of ApHL 
^Hif^jy tim ^1*1*^ , 3s KMics from 3 
randiunof his own, dm the two firs 
of ChiUe Harold, which be had be 
months before at loannina, woe coi 
The memorandum alluded to, whid 
prefixed to his ordinal manoscr^n 
poem, 18 as follows : — 

** B jTon. '«■"''"■ In Alb^ua. 
BcfUD October nit, ins ; 
CondoiM Canto M, Smjnii, 
Harcfa »Ita, IBia 

** Btkom 

From Smyrna the only letter, at i 
eiiting, whicn I am enabled to presei 
reader, is the foUowing ; — 

iEx. 22. 



Larrtt 41. TO UBS. BYBON. 

" Sinjnu. ituvh VJ. laio. 
■Dtau- Mother, 

" I cannot write you a long letter ; but 
u I kuovr you will not be sorry to rective 
any btcl[i{;cnco o( my movements, pray ac- 
cept wliut I tun pive. i hiivtf traversal the 
greatest part of Greece, besides Kpinis, Sec. 
9tc^ rcaued ten weeks at Athens, aiul aui 
now on the A»uitic aide aa my way to Con- 
■tantiDople. I huxxjuiit returaed from viewing; 
tbe ruins of EphcitUK, a dnv'tt Journey from 
Smynia. I presume you have recelred a 
long letter I wrote from AUmum, witli an 
iot of my reception by the Pacha of 

When I arrive at ConBtantinnpIc, 1 shall 

, deiemiiQe whether tu proceed into Penta or 

return, which latter I do not wiUi, if I can 

ivokt it. But I have no intcUigcnce from 

Mr. Haiwon,and but one letter frum youmelf. 

I ikall fttmnd in need of reouttanccs whether 

1 proceed or return. I ha\'e written to hiin 

nmettedly, that he mny not plead ignorance 

of my skujtlion for neglect. 1 ciui pve yon 

accotuit of any thing, for I have not time 

l»ortuiiity. the frigate Bailing imruediiitely. 

" the further I go the mon; my luziiic-^.s 

sod my uvcniion to leltcr-writinf{ 

imct More confirnKx). I have written [o 

one but to ymirnclf atul Mr. Ilan^nn. and 

ur cumnmnicatioiu of busincKH utid 

father than of inclination. 

Ftetcher is very much dUgusted with hu 

_:ic5, though he has iinderconc nothing 

thit I have not nhored. tie is a poor 

creature : indcal Eit^ilitih servants are de- 

ttntabie travcllen. I have, besides him, two 

lotdicrt and a (ireek interpreter ; 

ient in their way. tireece.particnlarly 

tlic vidnity of Athens, is deligbi&it ; — 

doudlcss iikies and lovely landacapes. But 

I miiKt re«T%-c all account of my adven- 

wu meet. I kec^ no journal, but 

i lid Ilobhouse scribbles iiiceswmtly. 

■ I^y lake cnrc of Murray anil Jlolicrt, and 

Hi td l ihc buy it is the most fortunate tiling 

Httf him that he itid not accomj^any inc 

JHpTorkev. Coniiider thin 3» merely a notice 

^f fey wiety, and believe nie, 

I "Yours, &C.&C. 

" Br RON." 

On the I Ith of April he left Smyrna in 
ihc Salsrtlf frijiate. vbJch ha<S tu'en ordered 
» Cooatautinoplu, for the purpose of con- 
Hying the ambassador, Mr. Adair, to F-np- 
Mdjimd after an explomtory viiut to the 
lUH of Troos, arrived, at the tie^ntining of 
tte fi^Iowiiw month, in the Dardnnellc^. — 
Vhile the mgatc was at unehor in these 


stnut.H, the follnwitif; letters to his fricittU 
Mr. Drury and Mr. itodgson were written. 

Lrrrw *a. TO BUI. BEN*BY DRUBV. 

" Saliettv rHsat*, lAnji. ItlO. 

" My dear Dniry, 

" When 1 left Eniilund, nearly a year ai'o, , 
you retjuested nie to write lo yon — I will j 
do so. I have crossed Puriugal, Iraversed 
the Koiith of .Spain, visited .Sardinia, Sicily, 
Malta, and thence pajssed into Turkey, 
where I am still wandering. I lirat luiiJed 
in Albaniii. the ancient F.plrus, where we 
penetrated ai far us Mount Tumurit — 
excellently treated by the chief Ali Pjicha, 
— ami, after journeying through lilvriu, 
Chaonio, fltc, crnsseil t^e (iulf of Aciiinn, 
with a guard of fifty Albanians, mid passed 
the Achelous in our route ihroiigfi Aciirnania 
and ^loli.1. Wc stopped a itliort time Sin 
the Morea, crossed ihe (lutf of Lepanto, Qiid 
landed at the foot of Parnas^uK ; — saw all 
that Delphi retains, and »o on to Tiielies 
and Athens, at which last we remained ten 

" His Miyesty'a ship, Pjladcs, brought iis 
to Smyrna ; but not before we hml to- 
pogmphised Attica, including, of course, 
Marathon and thi; Suiiian promontory. 
From SmjTna to the Troad (which wc 
visited when at anchor, for a fortiiight. off 
the tomb of AntihK'luiTt) wiiti our next Htage ; 
and now we are in the Dardanelles, wniiing 
for a wimi to proceed tti 0>iiKtanrinople. 

" This morning 1 mvim froui Sestat to 
Ahifdat. Tlie immedinie distance is not above 
ft mile, but the current renders It hazardous ; 
— so much su that 1 doubt whetlicr LeanderV 
conjugal altcction must not have been a little 
chilled in hU passage to I'amdisc. I at- 
temptett it a week ago, and failed, — owing 
to the north wind, and the wonderful ra- 
pidity of the tide, — though I have been from 
my cliitdhood a Ntroiig swiiumcr. But, this 
morning being calmer, I suceceded, and 
crossed the 'broad Ilellcapont* in an hour 
and ten minutes. 

" Well, my dear sir, I have left my home, 
ami <K'en (Mirt of Africa and A^ia, and a 
tolernble portion of Europe, f have been 
with genenLl5 and ndnilrals, princes and 

fiishas. governors arwl ungovemables, — but 
have not time or paper tn expatiate. I 
wish to let you itnow that T live with a 
friendly remembrance of you, and a hope to 
meet yon again ; imd if I do tliin \tn shortly 
as |^o^Kible, attribute it to any thing but 
forgetful ncite. 

"Orccee, ancient and modern, jou know 

loo well to require description. Albania, 

indeed, I have sct-n more of than any Kiigtifth- 

II 4- 


fcct aorf fecribea to _ 

dke ipoC t — otf W they pccfa' ridia^ 
star «^ (■■ I Ad) im m caned qoignnaf 
CW ScsMMdcr, win vni^ aboot wif the 
Dvdoa finH «3 ofecd their voued 
Mlliii ■ Ime oB^^tatige d Troy, at ha 
dncrajrcn, tn the bunyH flD|i|ioMd to 
eammm the otramtM at AdSOt*. Au^oAm, 
AJKL, Stc ; — bat Mcmnt Ida is sbll io high 
feather, tbot^ the rikephenU an oow-c-tian 
DOC ffiDch like GannaeJe. But wbj dwold 
I sa; more of these dnwi? are tbej- not 
written in the Am^c of Gtflfy aodhas aot 
n ohha aic got a journal? I keep none, as I 
here monnoed scribUin^ 

** I see not much diflereoce between our- 
■elvct and the Tmks, sstc that we hare * * 
and they hare none — that they have loag 
dnaea, and we short, and thai we talk much, 
■ad tber little. Tliev are sensible people. 
All Pacha told mc he was hare I vsa a maa 
of rank, because I had $maH tm and hmmU, 
and oifBafi har. By the by. 1 speak the 
Boowic. or modem Greek, tolerably. It 
does not differ from the ancient dialects so 
oxiefa aa you would coDceh-e ; but the pro- 
imnciBtioa is diametrically opposite. Of 
verve, except in rhyme, they have ao idea. 

" I like the Grcelu, who are plau^tbtc 
rascals, — with all the Turkbth rices, without 
their county. Ilnweirer. some are brare, 
and oT) are beautiful, very much rcscniblini; 
the biistn of Alcibiadcs ; — the women not 
ffuitc Bu handsonic. I can swear in TurkLih ; 
but. ntcq»t one horrible oath, and ' pimp,' 
and ■ bniail,' ami " water,' I have got no 
great vocatiulary in that langii(u;e. They 
■re extremely polite to straiuierM of any rank, 
properly protected ; ntid as I have two 
Mrvant* and two soldicrK, wc get on witli 
great £clat. We have been occasionally in 

' fSIr WniUin CMVi" Tvtnfiupby of Trov and lu 


» Tlio HiMcDAf)}, to mUkh I hare nore thui tJtuv rr- 


<rf'ilMcTa, and once of diip wreck, ^ 

accoUDt to our 

ntly written to 

and law- 

TOL to keen them out of m^ premises. 

I ■on CD gne op all coaneetson. on my 

widmaoy flf my best friends — as I 

chem — and to snarl all my fife. 

Bit I he^ to hare one gotMUinmoured lough 

with yiM,aod to entancc Dwyer, and pledge 

** * ■ML brfi w I eoottncncc cynicism. 

cO Or. Batler I am now writing with 
Ae pM poi he gnc me beforel left 
Ea^iM. wjhidi is the reason my acnwl is 
■HwriBMtclUUe than usuaL Iharebecn 
M AAcM, and seen plmiy of theae reeds 
far ■aUfin^ sane of which he rc^usn] to 
bcalov npoo me. because topographiL- (idl 
had hRRM thea fron Attica. But I will 
not dcBOVc; ^ no — you must be satisfiL^iI 
with simple decafl tSl my return, and then 
«c will untold the Aood-^Btes of coDoqay. 
I am in a thirty-six pm ft^ate, foin^ up to 
fetch Bob Adair fhim Constantinople, wbo 
w31 hare the honour to carry this letter. 

"And so Hohhouac's toit is out^, vith 
snow sencaaeata] saa^^mg of mv own to fitl 
op. — and bow does it tal^ eh ? and where 
the deril is ihc second edition of mv Satire, 
with additions ? and my nrnne on the title 
pBgt ? and more lines tinged to the end, with, 
a new exordium and what not, hot trom my 
anril bdbre I cleared the CbaiiuL-I ? Hib 
Mediterranean and the Atlantic roll between 
nie luid iriticjaoi ; and the thunders of the 
H.^pcrborenn Review are deafened by the , 
roar of the ^dJespont. 

" KemeoAtcr me to Claridge. if not trans- 1 
lated to college, and present to Hodgson av 
surances of my high consideration. Now, 
you will a&k, what shall I do ncxtV and I 
an:«wer. 1 do not know. 1 may return tn i 
few months, but I have intents and projects 
after visitinc C-cnstantinople. — llcwhouse, 
however, will probablv be back in September. 

" On the Sd of Ju!> we hare left Albion 
one year — 'oblitusmeorumobliviscendusct 
clli*.' I was sick oi'my own country, and not 
much prtjNMscssctl in favour of any other; 
but I 'dr^ on my chain ' without' length* 
cnint; it at i-arh remove.'^ I em like the 
Jolly Miller, caring for nolnxly, and not 
cared for. All coujitrieii arc mucli the same 
in my eye«. I smoke, and stare at moun* 
tains, and twirl my mustachios verj' iotic- 
pendcntly. 1 miss no comforts, and the 

> [" And drairt u Nch rtmove m iMWlhurfai 



I Mr, S2. 



anaquitoei that rack the morbid fraiTic uf H. 
bive, luddlj for me, little eflect on mine, 
liecauae I live nrore temperately. 

" [ omitted Bphesu!* in my catalogue. 
vhicii I visited diirtni* my sojourn at 
Smrrra ; but the Temple has almost pcrishicd, 
■nd 8t. I^uI need not irnuhle litinseir tu 
cpbtolise the prcftent brood of EphesiotiB. 
ha%c converted a Inrge chiirch built 
Hy of marble iiiin ft mottmie, and I don't 
that tbe edifice look.s the wone fur it. 

* Hy paper is full, uid my itik ebbing — 
mod ftftcmoon I If you addrr .11 to mc at 
Malta, the letter will be forwarded wherever 
I may be. IL greets you ; he pines for his 
pnetry, — at Irast, nume tldingti of it, [ 
almost forgot to tell you lliiit 1 am dying for 
lore of three Greek ffi^B at Athens, sUtcrs. 
I lived in the same house. Teri'sn. Mancinn, 
and Kfttinkfti. Arc the names of these divi- 
nitiet, — all of them under fifteen. Your 


l.«Tm U. TO Ma nODGSOV. 

" Salwttc mpHLe, tD the DvilUKtUn, off Atiirdot. 
Miijr ft. Ifllfl. 

" I am QD my way to Constantinople, 
after a lour throuith Greece. Kpinis. &c., 
and Dut of Atta Minor, some particulars of 
wbicn 1 hare juHt cotiuuunicatcd to our 
friend and hmt, II. Dniry. With these, 
dien, I aliail not trouble you ; but~a.-i you 
«in pertuim be planned to hear that I am 
, &e^ I take the opportunity of our nnv 
\r'» return to forwnrd ihe few VmcM I 
to despatch. Wc have undergone 
tncoDvcnienceii, and incurrctl partial 
but no went* worthy of communi- 
nokss yoo will ileem it one tliat two 
I 8fto I swam from Scatos to Abydos. 
ith a few alarmfi from rolibrrji, and 
HUM dhOfXT of shipwreck in a Turkish gni- 
liK lix (Donths ago, a visit to a Pacha, a 
fMrm for a married woman at Malta, a 
^Bue to an ofEeer, an attachment to 
llfw Orcek girtfi at Athens, with a p-cat 
^ of buflboncry and fine proq>ects, form 
■ lil that has distinguished my progress since 
t departure from Spain. 

■bbouse rhymett and jounuUises ; I 

donothmg — untcss smoking can be 

■n aetire amusement. The Turks 

much care of their women to per- 

hem to be ficmtiniseil : but I have Jivrd 

deal with the Greeks, whoae modern 

_*H» hm adnfMd thU nanv in bU AracrlpUon of Uis 
* Ik Dmi 3ua, Canto V I. It wm. if I moIlMt 
■slow la DM of thcM itliltlhal he lud ir- 
s of ODivuUp oQvB pnnJMMl kt tlut coun. 
Itri— ama^, flTlnc Umulf ■ mniixt lOMi Ibe btoul 

dialixrt can I converse in enou^ for my pur- 
poses. With the Turks I have alko some male 
ac(iiiaintances — female society is out of the 
ciuestion. I have been very well treated by 
the Pachas and Governors, and have no 
complaint to make of any kind. Hobhouse 
nill one day inform }'ou of nil our adven- 
tures — were I to atlumpt the recital, nei- 
ther rny paper nor ytfur patience would hold 
out durinjz the operation. 

" NolM>Jyt save yourself, has written to 
me since I left Eoglaiid ; but indeed I did 
not request it. 1 except my relations, who 
write (juite as often as I wir>h. Uf Hol>> 
house's volume 1 know nothing, except that 
it ia out ; and of mv accuiid edition I do not 
even know t/ial, and ccrtJtinly do not, at this 
diKtimccr. myself in the mutter. I 
hope you and Dland roll down the stream 
of sale with nipidity. 

'* Of my return I cannot positively speak, 
but think it prr>bnb1e HubluiuHe will precede 
me in that respect. We have been very 
nearly one year abroatl. I should wish to 
gaze away another, at least, in these ever- 
green clunatcK ; but 1 fi;ar business, law 
Kusincs!!, the worst of employmenti'. will 
recall mc previous to that period, if not very 
quitkW. If so, you Hhall iinvc due notice. 

" I Dope yuu will fuid me an aliert-d [ler- 
sono^e, — I do not mean in body, but in man- 
ner, for [ be}nn to find out ihiit nothing but 
virtue will do in this d — d world. I ain 
tolerably sick of vice, which I have tried in 
its agreealile varieties, and mean, on my re- 
lum. to cnt all my dissolute acquuiniancc, 
leave off wine and carnal company, and bo 
take myself to pfditic.^ and decomui. I am 
very .serious aiul cynical, and a good deal 
disclosed to mondise ; but fortunately for 
vou the cominc homily ii cut otf by default 
of pen and defection of pa{>cr. 

" Good morrow ! If you write, address 
to me at MiUta, whence your letters will be 
forwarded. You need not rcmt-mbcr mc 
to any body, but believe me 

'" Yoiu^ with all faith, 

•* Br RON." 

From Constandnoplc, where he arrived 
on the Hlh of Miiy, he addressed four or 
five letters to Mrs. Byron, in alinowt every 
one of which hw achievement in swimming 
acroKs the Hellespont is commemorated. 
The exceeding pride, tndeefl. which he t(M>k 
in this classic feat (the particulars of which 

wUh hU tUnvr. Tti« jnouug AUicdIu. bjr liU <twv ic- 
count, lookrd oa mj nrntlf during Uw ofrrmUoo. cooaU 
icrioK It a At tribute 10 bet bcwity. but In ik> itripM 
moTcd to Bratlludu. 






he has himself abandnntly detailed) may be 
ritci] Htnoitg Utc tnNtani'cs of that liojishness 
of ch.iracter whith he carried with him ko 
renwrkiilily into his maturer yuara. :iaJ which. 
while it piizzlerl diKtiint ubaenent of htM 
conduct, WB5 not ainoni; the least aniusing 
or attafhinf; of hispeculLinties tu those who 
knew him intimately. Wo Inic as eleven 
jews frptn thi9 period, when some sceptical 
travelk'r ventured to (|iieHtinn, after all, the 

Eracticabilily of Lcander's exploit. Lord 
tyron, with that jealousy on the subject of 
his own personal prowess which he retained 
from boyhood, entered lutiun. with fresh 
zeal, into the discussion, and broui;ht for- 
wurd two or three other instances of \m own 
feats in swimming i, to corrolwratc the Ktattv 
nit-nt oHginally mode by him. 

Ill one of these letters to hi« mother from 
CoEUtantiiK^le, dated May 2-kh, after re- 
ferring, IS usual, to his notable exploit. " in 
humhle imttstion of Leandcr. of amorous 
memory, thou^," he ftdiU, " 1 hiid no Hero 
to rtceire me on the other side of the IIcl- 
lesponl," he contitiueH thus : — 

" When our ambassador takes his leave I 
shall accompaor him to see the sultan, and 
afterwards probably return to tireece. I 
luive heard nothing of Mr. Hanson but one 
remitCuiee-, without any letter from that 
lej^l ^'pjitlt'inan. If you hiivt; occoition for 
any pet;uiiiary »"I>ply, firay use my fundu as 
far ixs they go without reserve ; and, lest 
thi» should not be enough, in my next to 
Mr. Haaion I will direct him to advance 
any sum you may want, leaving it to your 
discretion how much, in the present state of 
my afiairs, yuu uiay tliink jirojii-r tn rctjiiin-. 
I have already seen the most iutercjitiiiy 

Eurtft of Turkey in Kiimpe aiu! Afin Minor, 
lit shall not procceii further till 1 hear from 
KiiRlund : in the mean time I shall expect 
ocL'a»iimal Hiipii'tii-R, arronling to circuin- 
stanccH ; and shall pans my fiiminicT amongst 
my fi'iend.i, the fireeks of the Morea." 

He then adds, with his usual kind solici- 
tude about his favourite servants : — 

" Pray take care of my boy Hobcrt, and 
the old mnn Miimiy. It is fortunate they 
returned ; neither the youth of the oue, «or 
the age of the other, would have suited the 
chsnges of climate, luid fatigue of travtUitig." 

I Ammg otIiTt, he mcntiiict hli patu(a of th* "nvu 
In IM», whkh li tfaui dPKrlbeil t>j Mr. HotibooMt — 
** Mjr oompulon Iwd btrorr mAd« ■ man prrilout, but 
Uu nblMUd, puM^c I fat I ncolltTt thai, «IiiTt »<< 
wen In PwiUial. be tvani froia old LUboa to Kfiera 
CmiIc, and tM«tnf[ Vi mntmil mith « tU« lod counli-r 
currtnt. ttH wind bio* Ing fmhly, wu bntUttlc lui Umn 
two baun In eraulog th» rivn." Id iwlBunlng from 



» Conatutbupla, Jam IT. 100. 

" Thoiif;h I wrote to you so recently, I 
hreuk in u)ion yuu again to congrBliUita 
you on a child being bom, as a ktttf 
from Hodt^ton apprizes me of that event. 
in which I rejoice. 

" I am just come from an expedition 
throuah the Bosphonis to the Black Sea 
and the C_\';inean Sympti^'adus, up which 
last I scrambled, with as great risk as ever 
the Argonoiits escaped in their hor. You 
reniemkT the iH-^nningof the nurse's dole 
in the Medea, of which I beg you to take 
the following transUtion, done on the 
summit : — 

** Olt titrw I with thai an pintMrKV 
Rid kept Id port tlio fooA iliip Aigo I 
Wbfl.illU luilMiiKb'd from Onclon docks, 
Hul never pMml ibe Ai an toekt ; 
Bnl DOW I Wf hu- \ni> will be » 
Oana'il butlbcu for mj HUt M«dM, te. he? 

as it very nearly was to me ; ^ for, had not 
this Nublinie (HiKsagc Wvn in my hcail, f 
should never have drcairied of asccndii^ the 
said rocks, and bruising my carcas< io biK 
nour of the ancients. 

" I have now sat on the Cyaneans, swu 
from Seatos to Abydos (as I trumpeted Id 
my last^, and, alter [passing throush the 
Morea again, .shall set sail for Santo Mann, 
and toss myself from the Leucadian promoCK 
torj-; — surviving which operation, I skall 
probably join ynu in Kngland. Hobhouse, 
who uiil deliver this, is- bound straight tor 
the^c parts ; and. as be is bursting with bis 
travels, I shall not nnticipate his n ar r ati T O , 
but merely beg you not to believe one word 
he says, but reserve your ear for mc, if you 
hiivt luiy [le-sirc to be acqvuUntesl with tbc 

^' I am bound firr Athens once mom 
and thence to the Morea ; but mv stay de* 
pendrt so much oq my caprice, tJiat I caa 
aiiy nothing of its probable duration. I hare 
bppn nut a year already, and may slav 
another ; biii I aiu qiiuk silver, and tav 
nnthir.g rwisitirelv. We are all vcrj- muck 
iici-tijiieil doing nothing, at [ircsMit, We 
have seen ev cry thing hut the mosques, 
which we arc to view with a Annan on 
Tuesday next. But of these und other 

OcMm to Abjrdot, Iw wai na» hour koA tea mmiiin R 
thswtfcr. lDTbor«iu-)408, iMbvlhwnDnrlrdrawiud. 
whlls iwlmmlnft it Qriithton with Mr. L. Stonlivpc. Ub 
IVIpnd Mr. Hobboiiic, aoA ulhcr li)-fUndim. irtit In wmm 
luiiliiitfn. wltb rapM lli^d round Ihnn, wbo M Utt nr- 
tM^mt to luojtglng Lord Bynrn md Mr. Staolmpa ttva 
tbR (urf. and tbiu untA tlialr 11*m. 
* [Euripld. HvdM. Kt U K. I.] 






•ondrica let H. relate, with this proviiiD, that 
/ am to be referred to far nuthcnticity j 
and 1 beg leave to contradict ull thtutc tliin)]^ 
wbereoti ne lays particular stress. But, il' he 
soin at nny ume into wit, 1 give }'ou leave 
to applauil, l>cciiuM' tlmt U nc-rcAsanlv stnk-n 
fmm hilt rellow-pilgrim. Tell Davies that 
lloUhoiisc has Diode excellent line of liui 
!»c">i jokcH in ninny of hJH Miycsty's ships of 
ttor i but udd. also, that I ahrays took care 
to restore them to the ri^ht owner ; in cod- 
•etjuence of which he (Davieg) is iu> \cs» 
fumouii hv water than by land, nod rdgns 
iinnvallci] in ihccnbtn lusin the * CntwaTree.' 

" And Iloili^san hiu been publishinfc marc 
DOnj — I ^i!<)i ht; wotilil Hcnd me ms ' Sir 
Edgar,' and ' Ulnnd's Anthulug},',' to Miilta, 
where they will Iw forwurd<-d. In my last, 
which I hope vou received, I gnveuii outline 
of the ground we have covered. If you hnvc 
not been ovcrtukcii by tlils dc«jiHtch, Hol»- 
house'a tongue i.s«t your service. R«inenil)er 
nie to Dwycr. who ewes aie ek-vcii puitieaii. 
Tell hitn to put them in my banker'^ hntuU 
Gibraltar or (-'on»lnncinoplc. I bcHevc 

paid thcra once, Ivt thut jjoe^i for nutliin^ 
m It wofi nn nnnuity. 

" I wixh you would write. I hnvc heanl 
6tHn Hodgson fre(]uently. Malta i.i my 
:-office. 1 meaii to be with you by next 
item. You remember the last, — 1 hope 
such another ; but after having swnm 
the ' broad Hellospont,* 1 disdain 
Dntchctt.' (Juud oAemoofl! I am yours, 
rcT)' iincerely, 

" BTaoN." 

About ten dmi! nfirr the date of thiit 
letter, we find unuUier oJdrcssed to Mrs. 
Bj'TDo, which — with much that is merely 
ft repedtion of what he had detmleil in 
former romnmnicatioai — contains also u 
£ood deal worthy of being extracted. 

lATfta U. 

TO Hits. BTBOy. 

** CooiUltfliintila. Jon* H. IBIO. 

" Dear Mother, 

" Mr., who will forwiird fir 
■Idircr the<, and is on his return to En^hind, 
cu inform you of our diiTerent movements, 
but I am v(!:n' imcertain ns to my own 
nrtum. He will probably Ik down in NotLt. 
Dome time or other : but Fletcher, whom [ 
Mnd beck as an incumbrance (Eiijfli^ 
■emota are sad travetlcri), ¥.-111 supply h'la 
pbce in the interim, and dei^cribe our travels, 
which have been tolerahty exterihive, 

■ AUndlBf tohUhaitDgcwamacrou tli«ThaoM»«r1ch 
Mr- H. Drarr- '"^ "*<' Moatcnn. ta am* how irMny Umn 
fe^ OMiU perform ite (mmus Nukwvda and fumwdi 


" I remember Mahmout TV'-ba, ^e 
grandson of Ali Pacha, nt Yaniua, (u Uttlo 
fellow often yunni of age, with large black 
eyes, which our ladies would purchoHC at 
any price, and those regular features which 
diittbigiiiah tlie Tiirkis) HKked me bow I 
came to travel so joun^, without anylM«ly 
to take care of me. Thiti [juestiun was put 
hv the little man with all the gravity of 
tnreeacure. I cannot now write copiously ; 
I have only time to tell you that I have 
posted many a fatiguing, but nvvcr a CediouB 
moment ; and nil that I am nfruid of is that 
I (ihull cutjtract a gipsyHke wandering dispo- 
EitioD, which will make home tiresome to 
me : this, I am told, is ven,- common with 
men in tlie habit of [lerfgrinativn. and, 
indeed, I feel it no. On tiie ;id of Myy 1 
swam from Sestos to Abulos. You know 
tin- story of Leander, but I luid no Hero to 
receive lue ut landing. 

" I have been in all the principal mompies 
by the rtrtue of » fu^uan : tiiis is a tlivour 
rarely pennittcd to iididels, but the ainlms* 
sador's departure obtuiued it for us. I havii 
been up the Bosphorurt into the Black Sen, 
round the walk uf the city, and, indeed, I 
know more of it by sight than I du uf 
London. I hope to amujte yoii some winter's 
cveninji with the dctailH, hut at present you 
must excuse me ; — I am not able to write 
lonp Icttcrw in June. I return to Fpend my 
summer in Hreece. I write often, but you 
niiiiit not t>c alarmed when you do not re- 
ceive my letters ; consider we have no 
regular pt>st further timn Malta, where I 
bc^ vou will ill future ^end your letters. 

" Letcher ia a poor creature, and re- 

?iiire» coinfort.1 thnt I can diiipemfc with, 
le is very sick of his travels, but you must 
not believe his account of the coimtrw He 
ttif^hs for ale, and idleness, and a wile, and 
the devil knowN what hcsidcii. 1 have not 
been disappointed or disgusted. I have 
lived with the .and the lowest. I 
have been fur dayn in a Pacha's palace, and 
have passed many a night in a cowhouse, 
and I find the people inofTeiiRtve and kind, 
I have nlM> passed some lime with the 
principal (ireeka in the Morca mid livodia, 
and, inouph inferior to the Turks, chcy are 
JHittcr thiui tlie Kponiards, who, in thrir 
turn, excel the Purtujiuese. Of Constanti- 
nople you will find many descriptions in 
diAerent travels ; txit Lady Mary Wortlcy 
errs strangely when she says, * St. Paul'a 
would cut a strange Bi^urc by St. Soi^bta's.* 
I have been in both, surveyeti titcri inside 

wlUiont touchtaB lud. la thU trial Lord Byreti «•> 
the mnqaeror. 






and out ttttcntively. St. Sophia's is iin- 
doulitu-dly the most interesting from its 
iuunen^e antiijuity, luid the circunvitaiitc of 
all the Urcdf eniperorit. froDi Justinian, 
having bcx-n crowned there, nnd aevcnil 
murdered ai the ahnr, lK.-sidcs the Tiirkisli 
sLiltiiiw who attend it regularly. But it is 
inferior in beauty and size to sonic of the 
mos<[ue£, pfirtiriilorlv * Soleir'nian.' ice., find 
not tu ht: meiitionetf in the same pa^e with 
St. Paul's (I i)|>c»k like a Corhictf). How- 
ever, I prefer the Gothic aithedml of Se- 
ville to St. Paul's, St. Sophia's, and any 
religious Imilding I have CTcr seen. 

" The walls of the Semjjlio are like the 
walls of Ncwsteiul giu-dcna, only higher, and 
much in the sunic order ; but the ride hy 
the wulla of the city, on the land side, is 
beautiflU. Imagine four miles of immense 
triple haltlcments, covered with icy, sur- 
mounted willi SIH towers, and, on the other 
side of the road, Turkish Iiurjing-gmunds 
(the loveliest spots on earth ), full of enor- 
mous cj-pmsscs. I have seen the ruinH of 
Athens," of EphesuB, and Delphi. I have 
traversed great part of Turkey, and many 
other parts of Europe, and some of Asia ; 
but I never beheld a work of nature or ait 
which yielded an impressjon like the pros- 
pect on each side frora the Seven Towers 
to the end of the Goldcni I lorn. ' 

" Now for England. I ani giml to hear 
of the progress of * English BardK,' &v. Of 
course, ^"ou observed I hive mode great 
fldditiims to the new edition. Have you 
received my picture from Sanders, \i§i> 
Lane, London? It was fmished and paid 
for long before I let^ England : pray, semi 
for it. You seem to be a mighty reader of 
mguines : where do you pick up all this 
inteU^ence, quotations, &c. &c. ? Though 
I was nappy to obtain my icat witlwHit llie 
asisiNtance of Lord Carlisle, 1 had no mea- 
sures to keep with a man who declined 
interfering as my relation on that occasion, 
and I Imve done with hlni, though I regret 
distressing Mrs. Leigh, [wor thing! — I hope 
she is hap]>y. 

" It is inv opinion that Mr. B • • ought 
to marry Miss K • *. Our first duty ik not 
10 do evil ; but, alas! that is imposKible : 
our next is to repair it. if in our [lower. 
The girl is his eiiual : if she were his inferior, 
a sum of money and provision for the child 
would be some, though n poor, compen- 
sation : ax it is, be should tnairy her. I will 

I t" Tho European »ltri tbt AiUn »hoM 

SI■^ltl'kl■^d slih pat>cr« ; tbe oct^*a (Uvam 
Hero ud ihfTP ftudrinl with » »FTpntj-foMr ( 
Sophia'* cupoU wtth lolden {levn ; 


have no gay deceivers on my estate, and I 
shall not allow my tenants a jnnvilegc 1 do 
not permit myself — thaJ of debaitcliing each 
other's daughters. God knows, I have IwflO 
guilty of many cxresseK; but. bk 1 have liud 
down a resululion to reform, and lately krut 
it, 1 expect this Lotharb to follow the 
example, and begin by restoring this gtri 
to society, or, by the beard of my &thcr I 
he bhall hear of iL Pray take soroo notice 
of HoIkti, whci will miss his master ; pcior 
boy, he was very unwiUing to return. I 
tntiit you are well and happy. It will be a 
pleaiiure tu hear from you. Believe me 
yours ver)' sincerelv, 

" Btrom. 

" P. S. — How is Joe Murray ? 

"P. S. — I (tpcn my letter again to teU 
you that Flelclier ha\ing petitioned to ae- 
compiiny me into the Morea, 1 have taken 
him witn me, contrary tu the intention ex- 
pressed in my letter." 

The reader has net, 1 tnist, passed care- 
lessly over the latter j^iart of this letter. 
There is a heolthfulncss m the mond ftxling 
so umifrcctcdiy expressed in it, which »ecm» 
to answer for a ncart sound at the core, 
however passion might have scorched I'l. 
Some years after, when he had liccomc more 
ci.>nfinued in that artificial tone of iKiater, in 
M'hich it was, unluckily, hh habit tn spnk 
of his own good feeling, as well as those of 
others, however capable he might stQl have 
lieen of the same amiable sentiments, I 
(lucstion much whether the pcr\-cr»e fear of 
being thought desirous to pass for m<)ral 
would not have prevented him from thus 
natumlly and htincstly avowing them. 

The following extract from a eommu- 
niration addressed to a disiinguiahnl monihlr 
work, by a traveller who, at this period, 
hup|>cned to meet with Lord Hyruii ut Con- 
staniinople, bears sufficiently tlie features of 
niithenticity to be presented, without bcsitiw 
tiuii, to my readi^n. 

" We were interrupted in our debate by 
tJic entrance of a stranger, whom, on the fint 
glance, I guessed to be an Englishman, but 
lately arrived nt C'-onstaminopIe. He wore 
a scarlet coat, richly embroidered with gold, 
in the styk of an English aide-de-camp'i 
dress uniform, with two heavy epaulettes. 
His countenance announced him tu be iibout 
the age of two-and-tventy. Ilis features 

Th»cnirMifi«vu; Olrnpu(hl|tiandtM«rt 

Thv twoWa UIm, ukI Uia mofr lb«n 1 can ca«U 
Tu \«u deacrfbc, itrnntf the »eT7 Ttaw Idraun, 
Which rhann'd the chmnlny Mai; HonUfU-** 
Don Jiroi, c. tU. a. &.] 



Ar. SS. 




were remarkably tlcllcute, aod would hart; 
^eii hitu a feiinniiie appeamnce. but for the 
manly expmsioo of hiit fmt^ bltiu i-ytat. On 
emering the inner shop, he took off hU 
tnltieretl cucked^iut. and showed a head of 
curiv auburn hair, which improved in no 
tauHl d^rec the uitcomuion lte»iitv of hi^ 
fhce. The impression which his whole 
appearaiict) made upon ray mind wiu Biirh, 
tuc it has ever Mncc remained deeply i-n- 
%n^ea on it ; and Dlthough ftflecn years 
Dsvc since gone by, the lapxo of time ha5 not 
in the iiligfaieAt degree impaired the freshness 
of tfa« recoUectiofi. lie waa attended by u 
Juiaaary attached to tlie Eiigliish cmba<ut_v, 
md bv a person who iM-DresAimmlly ncted 
■ a Cicerone to itrangen. The^c eircum. 
ttoces, together wiUi a very visible lame- 
KM in one of his legs, convinced nm at once 
bt was Lord Byron. I had already heard 
of bis Lontsltip, and of his late arrival in the 
talicne firigate, which had come up from 
4e Stay Ilia stntioD to fetch away Mr. Adiiir, 
our aatfaagaador to tJie Porte. Lord llyron 
D had bsoa preriouslv travuUinf; in Epirus and 
Ana Ifioor^ with his friend Mr. Hobhouse, 
ud h*d become u great amateur of smok- 
■g : he was conducted to this shop for the 
MirpOM of purchasing a few pipes. The 
ndiflcrent Italian, in which lftnguaf>e he 
^mke to bis Cicerone, and the Inttcr'ti atilL 
BMTe imperfect Turkish, made it difficult for 
die tbop-kjeepa to understand their wishes ; 
lad 88 this aeemcd to vex the stranger, I 
iddmaed htm in Knj>li>ili, offering to inter- 
pna fijf him. When his Lordship thns dis- 
cotcriMl IDC to be an Englishman, he shook 
we cordially by the hand, and assured me, 
vkta soiDc warmth in hit manner, that he 
ilvays felt great pleasure when be met with 
t cotffitrymiui abroail. llli purchase and 
vy bargain being completed, wc wnlked out 
logeihcr, and rBmbleu about the iftreets. in 
■mnl of which 1 hod the pleasure of direct- 
' *"'" attention to some of the most rc- 

ile curiosities in Constantinople, The 

^ r ctrcuinstances under which our ac- 

^(■tntancc took fiace establiiihiHl between 
w^ io one day, a certmn tlegrec of intimacy, 
wbkk two or three years' frequenting each i 
vihcr'i company in England would mosit 
Bksly not hure accomplished. I frcoiiently 
•IdfCMed him by his name, but he did not | 
(Unk of inquiring how I enine to Icam it, 
Vrof asking mine. His Lordiihip hm] not 
bud the foundation of that Uterarj- re- 

hich he iirtrxnanl!< srquirrd ; on the 

, be was only known us tin; author 

[ours of Mlcness ; and the severity 

which the Edinburgh ItoHcwers ha<l 

that production was still fresfa in 


every English reaiicr*H recollection. I could 
not. therefore, be supposcil to ect^k his ac- 
quaintancH from any of those motives of 
vanity which have actuated ho mnnv others 
since : but it was natural thut, aTter our 
accidental rencontre, and all that passed be- 
tween us on that occasion. I xJiouid, on 
meeting hira in the courae of the aimie week 
St dinuer ut the English nmbussoUoKs, have 
requested ooc uf tht necrctaries, who 
was irtimotcly acquainted with him, to in- 
troduce me to him in regular form. His 
Lordfihip testified his |>erfect recollection of 
me, but in the coldest manner, and inmie^ 
diatcly after turned his back on me. This 
uncercinouiuuB proceeding, forming !t<itnkim; 
contrast with previous occurrcnres. hud 
something so strange in it, that I was at a 
loss how to account for it, and fell at the 
same lime much disposed to entertain a letut 
fikvourable opinion of his Lordship than his 
apparent fmnkness bad inspired me with at 
our first meeting. It was not, therefore, 
without surprise, that, some doj-s ul'ter, 1 
saw him in the streets, conung up to me 
with a smile of good nature m his coun- 
tenance. He accosted me in a familiar 
manner, and, offering rac his hand, said, 
— ' 1 am an enemy to Engliith etiquette, 
especially out of England ; and I ulways 
make my own acquaintance without waiting 
for the funuality uf an introduction. If you 
hiive notliing to do, and arc duposetl for 
another rainble, I shall he glad of your com- 
pny.' There was that irrcRistihle'attraction 
m hw manner, of which tliosc who have had 
the pood fortune to be admitted into his in- 
timacy can alone have felt the |>ower in his 
moments of good humour ; and I re-iulily 
accepted his proposal. We \'i3itcd again 
more of the most remarkah^ ciirio&itiea of 
the capital, a description of which would 
here Iw but a a*pctition of what a buodrcd 
travellers have already detailed with the 
utmost minuteness and accuracy ; but Ids 
Lord.<ihip expressed much disappotnUiient at 
their wuol of interest. He praised the 
picturesque beauties of the town it.self, and 
Its surrounding !«cener>' ; and seemed f>f 
opinion that nothing eUe was worth looking 
at. He spoke of the Turks in a manner 
which mi^t have given rainoii to suppose 
that he had made a long residence among 
them, and closed his obscr\-otions with tliese 
words : — ' The Greeks will, sooner or later, 
rise against tlicm j but if they do not make 
haste, I hope Buonaparte will come, und 
drive the uselens rascal'i away.'"' 

During his stay at Constantinople; the 

1 Nmt VoDibly Ukgulne. 




Englis!i miiii.ster, Mr. AJalr. beinp iiuiLS|H>sftl 
the greater iiiirt uf tliu tii:i(.', Iiiut but (evr 
opFHirtunitics of seeing him. He. however, 
pressed him, with much hnspttnlity, to ac- 
cqit a lodging at the English pahiL-e, which 
Lord Byron, (ireferrini; the freedom of bU 
homely inn, declined. At the au<li4?ncc 
emntcd to the HHihoRsador, on hit takinf' 
leave, by the Stdtun, tlie iiuble |>oeL uttunUeu 
m the train of Mr. Adair, — havina; shown an 
aaxiet}' as to the place he wns to hold in the 
procession, not a Little chamet eristic of his 
jenloiK pride of rastk. In vain hod the 
minister aAHurcd him th&t no paniculior 
station could be allotted to him ; — that the 
Turk8. in their urrunL;L-iiieiitH lor the eere- 
monial, considered only the persons con- 
nected with the embastiv. and neither iiltended 
to, nor aeknowledi^cd, the preeedeiice whieh 
oar forms os^icn to nobilitv. Seeing the 
younp peer utill tinconvinced by these repre- 
sentations. Mr. Adair was, at length, obliged 
to refer him to on authority, considered m- 
fidlibJe on such points of eiiijuctte, the old 
Austrian Internuncio ;— oneoiihultiiigwbom, 
Olid finding liin opinions agree fully wilh t1io»c 
of the English minister. Lord Byron declared 
himntlf pertt'ftly satisfied. 

On the 14th of July his fellow-truveller 
and hunstlf took their depurturc from Con- 
aluntinople on boird the Salsette frigate, — 
Mr. Hobboube with the intention of ac- 
cnm[>:inytiig the iunba<UAdor to England, and 
Lord Byron with the resolution of visiting 
hiK Iteloved Greeee again. To Mr. Adair hv 
Kjipcored, at this time, (and [ find that 
Mr. Bruce, who met him afterwards at 
Athenfi, conceived the same impresition of 
hiin,^ t" be biliouring under great dejection 
of spirits. One i'ircnm«nnre related to me, 
an tiaving occurred in the course of the 
passage, \s not a little striking. Perceiving. 
a* he walked the deck, n (imall yataghan, or 
Turkish da^cr, on one of the benches, he 
toiik it up, unsheathed il, aitd, having stooil 
for a few moments eontcaipLiting the blade, 
wua heard to say, in mi under voice. " I 
siiould like to know how a jtcrson feels after 
committing a murder!" In this startling 
Kf)eprh we may detect, I think, the germ of 
his future Giaonrs and Lants. Thi« intense 
wisfi to explore the dark wtirkings of the 
|>aitsion9 was wh&t. with the aid of inmgin- 
aljon, at length gtmenited the poivrr : luid 
that faculty which untitled him afterwardti to 
be so truly styled " the seurehcr of dork 
bosoms," may be traced to, perhaps, its 
eurlieiit .stirrings in the sort of feeling that 
produced these words. 

Un their apjiroaching the islaad of Zea, he 
expressed a wish to he put on shure. Ac- 


corJtiigly. having taken leave of hb cout- 
punions. hewiut landed u|x>ii thin i^nuill i.-^luid. 
with two Albanians, a lartar. and one Efr- 
cliish servant : and in one of his cnanuscripti 
he has himself t)e«crihed the proud, sulitiin 
feeling wilh which he stood to sec the ahift 
sail swittly nway — leaving htm there, in a 
land of Mlrnngertf alone. 

A few days alter, he addressed the fol- 
lowing lctter«i to Mrs. Byron from Atbctu, 

Lnru U. 


'. UH). 


" Dear Motlicr, 

" I have arrived here in four daj'3 
ConHtiintinoplc, which is considered as 
gulorly quick, particularly for the season 
the year. Your northern gentry con 
no conception of a (ireek summer ; which, 
however, is a perfect frost coni[)ared with 
Malta and Gibrtdtar, where I re|>osed m\-<elf 
in the shade last year, after a gentle gallop 
of four hundred miles, without intenuisuoa, 
through I'ortuffid and $pain. You sec, fcy 
my d:ite, that f am at Athens again, a plvsa 
wliich I tJiink I prefer, upon the whole, to 
any I have seen. 

'• My next movement is lo-moiTx>w into ihe 
Morea, where I shall probably remain « 
month or two, mid then return to winter 
here, if I do not change my plans, which, 
however, are very variable, as ^ou may sup- 
pose ; but none of them verge to Engiiind. 

" The Marquis of Slieo. my old fellow- 
civllegirui, is here, and wishes to aceoiiipany 
me toto the Morea. Wc shall go togellicr 
for that purpose ; but i am woefully sick of 
travellbig coni]>anion>t. after n year'.-( n- 
pcricnee of Mr. 1-lobhouse, who is on hif 
way to Great Britnm. Ltird S. will after' 
wnnis pursue his way to the capital ; and 
Lonl B., havinc sam all the wonders in 
that quarter, will let y>m know what he doe* 
next, of which at present he is not quite 
certain. Malta is my perpetual |H).st-ofriec> 
from which my letters are forwarded to all 
parts of the habitable globe : — by the bye, 
I have now been in Asia, Africa, and the 
cast of Europe, and, indeed, made the most 
of my time, without hurrying over the most 
interesting srcncs of ihcancient world. Flet. 
eher, after having been toa.'itpcl an[l masted, 
and baked, and grilled, and eaten hy all sort* 
of creeping thinss, begins to philosophise, it 
grown a rcBned a5 well as n resigned duH 
meter, and ]>romisefl at his retiim to become 
an oniairicnt to his own piiri>h, and a \tTj 
prominent person in the future fuuulyi>edigrc« 
of the Fletebers. who I take to l>e Goths bj- 
tlieir accomplishment!!, Greeks Jiytlieiracnie- 
ncss, and ancient Saxons by their appetite. 

£t. SS. 



Be(Fletcber)bees leave to send lialf-A-dozen 
cUu to Sally ixU »(x>utte. and wondL'n 
(Uiough I do not) that hin UI-uTiltcn and 
worse spelt Ictteri* buvc never romc to hand : 
an for that nuttier, there is no greut \o'm in 
either of our letters, saving and except that 
I wisli jou to know we ore well, and 
«rum eaougll at tliiu iire»ent writini;, Gud 
Jmowi. Yon must not cx|>et-t long letters 
■t |iresent, for they aru written with the 
sweat of my brow, I a<i.fure you. It h 
nihcr singular that Mr. Hanson has not 
written a syllable fiince my departure. Yonr 
letters 1 fmvu mostly reeeivcd as well as 
ociieni ; from which 1 conjecture that the 
un of law 18 either anpy or busy, 

" I trust you like Newntead, luid agree 
with your ncij^hbours ; but you know you 
tnuvirm — isnot that a dutiful appellation P 
Pray, take rureuf my bnokhnnil sevejul Iwxes 
of papers in the hniida of Joseph ; and pray 
laa*B rat* a few linttles of champagne to 
drink, for 1 am very thirsty : — but I do not 
■Mbt on the last article, without you like it. 
Iffnppo«e you hare your houite mil of ^iHy 
VOoen, ]>ratLng scandaloutt things. I^Iave 

El ever received niy picture in oil from 
iden, London ? It has been paid for 
these fiixlcen months: whv do you not get 
it? My Kutie, consisting of two Turks, two 
Orecks, a Lutheran, and the nondettcript, 
Fletcher, lu-c makir^ so much noise, that I 
urn glud to sign myself 

" Yours, &c. Ac Bntow." 

A day or two after the date of thin, he left 
Athens in company with the Martjuia of 
fligQ. Having travcllcil together as for as 
Corinth, tlicy from thence bnmched off" in 
different directioiifl, — Lord Sligo to pny a 
*i»jt to the capital of the Morca, and Lord 
Byron to jirocced to I'atras, where he had 
aoBw business, as will l>c itecn by ttie fot- 
bwu^ letter, with the English consul, Tttr. 
Btran^: — 



" rwrM. July 30. UID. 

"Dear Madani, 

" In four days from Coiuttantinoplc, 
with II GivourubU- wind, I arrived in the 
fti^Ue K the island of Teos, from whence 
1 look a boat to Athens, where I met my 
Mend the Marquis of SLigo, who expn-vtetl 
■ triHh to hroci^ with me as fiir ns Corinth. 
At Corintti we se[>arated, lie for Tripolilza, 
I for Hutriu, where 1 had H)iac btuiness witli 
the consul, Mr. Strane, in whose botisc I 
J»w write. lie has rendered me every 
scfvice in hin power Rince 1 iiuittcd Malta 
OD By way to Couiitaittinoptc, whence 1 

have written to you twice or thrice. In a 
few days I visit tlie Pachn at TripolJiia, 
mnke the tour of the Morea, and return 
again to Atlient, which at present is my 
Iieafl>^uarter8. Tlie heat is at present in- 
tense. In Hngland, tf it reaches 98" vuu 
are nil on fire ; the other day. in travelling 
between Athens and Megara, the thcrmo- 
meter was at 125'' 1 1 1 Yet I feel no incon- 
venience i of course I am much bronzed, but 
I live tcmjwratelv, and never enjoyed better 

** Kefore I left Constantinople, 1 saw the 
Sultao (with Mr. Adair J, nna the interior 
of the niosquea, things which rarely happen 
to travellers. Mr. Hcbhotue is gone to 
England : I cm in no hunv to return, but 
have no particular comraumcadonB for your 
country, except my surprise at Mr. Hanson's 
silenee, and my donre tliat br will remit ro 
gularly. I suppose some arrangement hm 
heal made with regard to Wymnndham and 
Kochdale. Malta i» my rHH^t-uffire, or to 
Mr. Strani'. consul-general, Pntras. Morca. 
You coniplnin of my silenre — I hare written 
twenty or thirty limes within the last year : 
nevtr Itss than twice n month, and often 
more. If my letters do not arrive, you 
must not conclude tliut we ore eaten, or that 
there is a war, or a pestilence, or fanune : 
neither must you credit »illy reports, which 
I dare say you have in Notts., aa Utfual. I 
am very well, and neither mure nor le»>s 
happy than I usuully am ; except that I tun 
very glad to bu iincu more alone, (or I was 
sick of uiy cumpuniuu, — not that he was a 
bad one, but because uiy nature leads ine to 
solitude, and that every day adds to ttUs dis- 
position. If I choKc. here arc many men 
who would wish to join me — one wmits mc 
to go to Bg^pt. another to Asia, of which I 
have seen enough. The greater part of 
(ireece is already my own, so that 1 shall 
only go over my old grutuid. and look upon 
my old seas and oiountuins. the only ac- 
ipuiuitanccs I ever found improve upon mc. 

" I have a tolerable suite, a Tartar, two 
Albanians, an interpreter, licsides Fletcher ; 
but in this countrj' these ore ca^il v maintained. 
Adair rectuved nie woTiderfuliy well, and 
indeed I have no complaints against any one. 
Hiffipitality hire Is necejwary.fur inns lire not. 
1 have lived in the house* of (irecks, Turks, 
Italiaas, and English — to-dav in a palace, 
to-morrow in u cow-houae ; this day with a 
Pacha, the in^xt with n sheplKTd. I (ihall 
continue to write briefly, but frequently, and 
Rn> glad tn h(>ar from you ; but you fill your 
letters with thiitga Jrum the papers, us if 
English papers were not found oil over 
the world, 1 have at this moment a 






dozen More me. Pray take cnre of my 
books, an<l believe mi:, my dear iimther, 
" Yours, &c BvBo^.•' 

Tlie greater part of the two following 
months lie apptors to have occupied in 
making a tour of the Morea ■ ; and the very 
di)«tingui»hr<l recqitiuii be mtt with from 
Vclcy Pacha, the son of Ali, is mentioned 
with much pride, in more than one of \i\s 

On his return from this tour to Putra-t, he 
was seized with a fit of illnc^itK, thi' [Kirticulars 
of which arc mentioned in the following 
letter to Mr. Hodf^on ; and they are, in 
many mtnecbi, so »i)uiilar lu ihow o( the taHt 
fiktal maladv, with which, fourteen years 
afterwards, he was attacked, in nearly the 
same spot, that, hvchty tut the account h 
written, it is difficult to rt-ad it without luc* 
lancholy : — 

l^rruM. TO MR. HODGSON. 

■* PMru. Morek, Octoter X. leiD. 

** As I hare just escaped from a physician 
and a fever, which connned nic fivt* iiayK to 
bed, you won't expect much 'alltcre/ia' ia 
the entuing letter. In this place there Ls aa 
imligeiioiis distemptrr, whirn wiien the wind 
blo\r.s from the Gulf of Corinth (an it dues 
6vc months out of fix), attacks great and 
Ktn:dl, and uiuke>i woful wurk with vi.siiers. 
Here Ue aUo two physicians, one of whom 
trusts to his genius (never having studied) 
— the other to a campai^ of eighteen 
month)* against the HJck of Otranto, which 
he made in his youth with groat effect. 

" When I wa.s seized with my di.sarder, I 
protesttd against both these assasainh ;— hut 
what can a hclpleKs, foerrHh, toost-oiid- 
watered iiiwr wretch do ? In spite of my 
teeth and tongue, the English consul, my 
Tartar. Alltanianit, dnig{)mBn, forced a phy- 
sician uptin me, and in thn-e ilays vomited 
and glvstered mc lo the last ga.sp. In this 
statu I matio my epitaph — take it : — 

" Youtli, Nature, •ml Ril«iUtiff Jo*«, 
To kMp mj Uap ta atTongly tsrmc : 
But HammaW wu to ttoM, 
i\e tM-ai all ihrM — and btw It oul. 

But Nature and Jove, being piqued at mv 
doulits, did. in fact, iii, lieat Ktimanelli. 
and here 1 am, well but weakly, at your 

" Since I left. Constantinople, I have made 
a tour of the Morea, and visited Vcley 

^ In A nntir upon tlia AdmtlBnnent prvAxod to hli 
Ste^af CoHnth, he lari, — " 1 vitllcd all ihrM iTiI- 
poUtu. Xttpoll. uid Aritoi.) In ISIO-ll, and in IhrxnDTM 
flf Journejlni thruu^h tUc cuuntry, from mf flra arrival 


Piicha, who paid mc great honours, and ^ve 
mc a pretty btullion. H. In dnubtlcss in 
England before even the date of tiiis letter : 
— he bears a despatch from me to your 
bnrdfthip. lie writeji to me from Malta, and 
requests my journal, if I keep one. I have 
none, or he should have it ; but 1 have rtiplied 
in a cuHMdatury and exhortatnry cpintle, 
prnving him to abate three and sixpence in 
the pricL' uf \m next iKikt', Ki«ing tli;it hulf- 
a truinca is a price not to be given for any 
thmg save an opera ticket. 

" As for England, it is long since I hare 
heard from it. Every one at all connected 
with my coneenui is asleep, and vou arc ni}' 
onlv correspondent, agents excepted. I have 
really no friends in the world ; touugh all my 
old school companions arc goneforthiotothut 
worlil, and walk about there in monstrous 
disguises, in the garh of guardsmen, law- 
yers, parsons, fine gentlemen, and such other 
masquerade dresses. 8o. 1 here shake bands 
and cut with ul1 these busy people, none of 
whom write to me. Indeed I ask it not ; — 
and here I am, a [>aor travelWr and hea- 
thenish philosopher, who hath pemmhulated 
the greatest piut of the Levant, and seen a 
gri'flt ipiantity of very improvable land aod 
sea, nnd, utler all, ma no better than when I 
set oiit^ — Lord help mc! 

" I have been out fifteen months this very 
day, and I hehrvr my concerns will draw me 
to England soon : but of this I will ajiprisc 
you regidariv from Malta. On aU puints 
Ilobhousc w^ill inform yon, ifyou arc auious 
as to oiu* adventures. I have seen some old 
EnpUsh papers wp to the 15th of May. I 
see the ' Lady of the Lake" advertised. Of 
course it hi U\ his old Imlliul st_\lc, and pretty. 
After all. Scott is the best of cht-m. The 
end of alt scribblement is to amuse, and he 
certjiinly succeeds there. I long to read his 
new romance. 

" And how docs ' Sir Edgar?' and your , 
friend Bland ? I suppose you are inrolveil 
ill Kome literary souabble. The only way is 
to dcMpise all brotners of the (piill. I 5up- 
lK)sc you won't allow me to tie an author, 
but I contemn you all, you dogs ! — I do, 

" Vou don't know Dallas, do you? He 
had a farce ready for the stage before I left 
England, and asked mc for a prologue, which 
I promised, but sailed in such n huny I 
never pemieJ a couplet. I lun afraid to luk 
af^er his drama, for fear it Hhould lie damned 
— ' I*ord forgive me for using such a word I 
but the pit. Sir, you know tlie pit — they 

tn I Kixi, crtnifd tbc IfUimiii elf ht tfmoi In my 'wxf ffcm 
Attica In the Morra. anr tbe mmintalni. or la lira Ulwr 
dlrnriion, *hai jiaiaUil Trom Uie Gulf nf Albeu lo lW> 
of LfipaBto." 



JRt. 2S. 



vill (Jn those ihings in spite of merit. I re- 
member thin larce ' froni a curious ctrciiiit- 
Btaacc. When Orur}' I..a]iewH« burnt «j the 
ground, by which accident Sht-rifLin and his 
aon lost Ihe few rcmiiining shillinpi thrj 
were worth, what doth my friend DiUIas Jo 'i 
Whv, before the fire was out, he writca a 
note to Tom Sheridan, rhe manager of thia 
cumbiutibtc cooctxn, to inqiiirt- whether tJiiii 
Inroc was not converted into fuul with about 
two thousand other unactable raui)usiL'ri(iLs 
which of Course were in grcHt peril, if not 
actually consumed. Now wun not thli chu- 
ractiaistie? — tlie ruIiiiK passions of Pope 
are nothing to tt. M'hitat tlic puonlixtracted 
raaiuif;vr whs bewaitlug the loss of a building 
only worth 300,000/., together n-ilh some 
twenty thousand pounds of rags and tinsel 
in tlie tiring rooms, Bluebeard's ctcphauts, 
and att that — in foiiif^ a note from a 
•corchins! nuthor, requiring at his hand^ two 
acts and odd scenes of n fiirce ! .' 

" Dear H., remind iMiry that 1 nni his 
wetl-wisltcr, and let Scropc l};ivies be well 
affected towards me. I look forward to 
meciiii^ you at New stead, and renewing our 
old chiutipognc evciiingb with all the i;lee of 
anticipation. 1 have written by cverv oppor- 
tvnity, and expect rcsponbe-i na regular as 
tfao«c of the lituriy, and somewhat longer. As 
K ii iiitpossibtu for a miui in his senses to hope 
for buppy days, Tet us at leoAt look forward 
to merrj' ones, which come nearest tu the 
other in nppc-arance, if not in reality ; and in 
■uch cxpcctutiuuK I rvmuin," Sec. 

Be was a good deal weakened and thinned 
by his illness at Patnu, and, on his return to 
Athens, standing one dav before a luokini;- 
cIbh, ho said to Lord Sligo — " llow pale 
1 look ! — 1 should like, I think, to die of a 
consumption V — "Why ofa consumption ?" 
■^ed his friend. " Hernuse then (he an- 
iwwed) the women would all »ay, ' Sec tlmt 
poor Byron — how interesting he looks in 
4jriug!'" In thiit anecdote,— which, slight as 
it is> the rclatcr remembered, m a proof of 
Ihe pc»ct's (vjnnciousness of his own beauty. 
— may be traced also the habitual reference 
of hu imagination to that sex, which, how- 
ercr he affected to despise it, inHucncctl, 
more or less, the How and colum- of nil his 

He spoke oAen of his mother to Lord 
SUsgo, and with a feeling that seemed httle 
ihoft of aversion. " Sotoe time or other," 
he aaid, " I will tell you irh^ 1 feel thus 

* (Till* hixc wu enmicil. * Not at llorar,' mdwu 
Iria4. UwM|li wtlh tnmlnu« (um-M, at tbo Ljtcwb. bj 


towards her." — A few days after, when 
they were biuhinj! together in the tiulf of 
Lepanio, he referred to this promise, and, 
pointing to his naked leg imU fimt, enclainied 
— - Look tliere! — it is to her false delicacy 
at my birth I owe ttiat deformity ; nnd yet 
OS long as I con remember, she hus never 
ceaxed to taunt and reproach me with it. 
Even a few days before we parted, fur the 
last time, on my leaving England, she, in 
one of her fits of passion, uttered an tuiprc- 
cation upon me, prayiog that I migfit prore 
as ill formed in muid a« I mn in body!" 
Hi» look uiid manner, in relating this fright- 
ful circumstance, can be conceivtd only by 
thoMt* who have ever sum liim in a similar 
state of excitement. 

The Uttlc value he had for those relics of 
anrient art, in pursuit of which he saw ell 
his classic fellow-travellers so ardent, was, 
like cvprylbing he ever thought or felt, un- 
rcsen-cdly avowed by hirri. f-ord Sligo 
having it in contemplation to expend some 
money in digging for antiquities. Lord Byron, 
io ofiering to act as his agent, and to sec the 
money, at least, hoocstly npplied, said — 
" You may safely trust mt- — I am no dilet- 
tante. Your connoi^Hseurs arc all thieves ; 
but I care too little for these things ever to 
steal them." 

Tlie system of iliinnins; him.sdf, which he 
had begun before he Id^ luighiiul, wa.t con- 
tinued still more rigidly abroad. While at 
Athens, he look the hot bath lor this pur- 
pose, tliree times a week, — bis usiud drink 
being Tinc>.*:ir and water, oiid his food seldom 
more than a little rice. 

Among the persons, besides Lord Sligo, 
whom he saw most of at tliis time, were 
I-ady Hester Stanhope and Mr. Bnice.— 
One of the first objects, indeed, that met the 
eyes of these two distingui&hed iraveUeni, 
on their approuehing the coast of Attica, 
was Lord Byron, disporting in his favomte 
clement under the rocks of Cape (.'olonnu. 
They were allcFwanhi made acquainted with 
each other by Lord Stigo ; uud it was in 
the cniirsc, I believe, of their first interu'ew, 
at his table, that Lady UcsttT, with that 
lively eloquence for which she is ao rcumrk- 
able, took the poel briskly tu task for thi: 
depreciating opinion, which, as she undei* 
stood, he entertained of all female intellect. 
Being but tittle inclined, were he even able, 
to sustain such a heresy, against one who 
was in her own person such an irresistible 
refutation of it, Lord Byron had no other 

w«til» prlRl«d, *llh a prolupie (liHeM««i tn tiarc bren 
■liukM) wrUtcn lif Wkllat Hixltiell Wrtghl, m<|.. author 
of " Uorw lookw."! 







refb^ from the fair orator's arguments than 
in Busent and silence : und tni5 M-clI-tircd 
dcTerenrc l>cin£. in m scnniblc wniiian's vyea, 
equivnU'iit to conoession. tlicv ticcainc, from 
thenceforward, niost cordial Iricnds. In re- 
calling some recoil fclioiiH of this [tcrioJ iii lii-s 
•* Mciuonmiia." after relating the circum- 
Btance of his bciiift caujilit bitfainff by an 
Engtuh party at Suiiium, he uddeJ. " This 
was the befinnin;; of the moat delightful 
DcquoiaUtnce which I foniied in (ireece." 
He then went on to lusure Mr. Bruce, 
if ever those pages RhoiiJtl meet hii eyes, 
that the dnyn tliey had pUNMid together ut 
Athens were reineoibered by him with plca- 

During this period of his Btny in Greece, 
we find nlni forming one uf those citraordi- 
narv friendships, — if attachment to fwrwjns 
HO inferior to hinLscir t-oti lie called by that 
name, — of which I hi;ve ahvady mentioned 
two or three in»tanre» in hia younger days, 
and ill which the pride of bcii^ a protector, 
and tlie plausure of exciting gratitude, seem 
to have constituted to his mind the chiff, 
p(T^■a^ling charm. Tlie perMiri, whimi lie 
now adopted in this manner, and from 
similar frt^in^ to thiise which had injipired 
his e»r!y attachments to the cottai;(*-boy 
near Ncmtcad, and the young chorister at 
Cambridge, was a Oreek youth, named Nicolo 
(iiniud, the «>n, I believe, of a widow lady, 
in whose house the artiht LuNieri lotl^etl. 
In this youns man he apjiear-s to have taken 
the niofit lively, and e\'en brotherly, interest ; 
— so much HO, aa not only to have presented 
to him, on their parting, at Malta, a cnnsU 
dcrablc sum of money, hut to have sutiHe- 
qucntJy dexigned for huii, us the reader will 
leant, a stiU more muniflccnt, as well as 
pcrmtuicnt, provision. 

Tliough he occasionally owle excunlons 
tlirough Attica and the Morcu, liis head- 
qiiurten* were fixed at Athens, where he 
Imd taken lodgings In a Francisan convent, 
and. in the imer\-als of hi* tours, era|iloyed 
hiiiiMelf in ci)lk-ctini{ iniiteriuU for thaat 
noticcii on the state oi modern (ireecu which 
he has appended to the second canto of 
Childe Harold. In thi.<i retreat, also, oa if 
tu utter defiance of the ** geniun loci," he 
wrote his " Hints from Horace," — a Satire 
which, imprt-piHted as it is witli London 
life from iK'ginning to end, Itcars (he dntc, 
" Athens, Ca{>uctua Convent, March l:f. 

From the few remaining Ii-tti-rF addn-Nscd 
to bis. mother, I shall content myself with 
selectbig the two fulluwiiig: — 


Lnrtatt. TO HRS. DVnON. 

■* AUmw. Januirjp U, IMI 
" My dear Madam, 

" I seize an occasion to write as usual 
shortly, but frequently, as the arrival o 
letteTR, where there exists w> regular com* 
nuinication, is. of course, vpry precanous, 
have lately made several small toura of some 
hundred or two miles about the Morva, 
Attica, SiC, us t have finished my grasi] 
giro by the Troad, Constantinople, &c., aiMJ 
am retumeit down again to Athens. I 
beUe\'e 1 iiavc mentioned to you mure than 
once that I swain (in imitation of Lcamlcr, 
though without his lady} across the HeUc^ 
pout, from Sestos to Ahvdos. Of Urn, biuI 
all other particulars, fleWher, whom I 
luive sent home with papers. Sec, will oppriBe 
you. I cuniiot find that be is any UMg; 
)>cing tolerably master of the Italian iirI 
ntotlern Greek hmguoges, which but I an 
also studying with a iniuter, I can order anj 
discourse more than enough for a reasoi^ 
idile man. fiesiiles, the perpetual huueu- 
iiitions after beef and l>ecr, the stupsl, 
higoted contempt for every tiling foK ^ 
and tntiurmumitiihle incapacity of — ' 
even a few words of any language, 
him, like all other Engliiih Hcr%-ants, an io- 
tunibnuiie, I do assure you, the plague of 
speaking for hun, the comforts he required 
(inore than myself by far), the pilaws (a 
Turkish dish of rice and ntoit) which he 
could not cat, the wines which be could not 
drink, the beds where he cuold not alet^ 
and the long list of cahuuities, such as stumb- 
ling horscM. want of leaf!! &c., which 
assailed him. would have made a lastsf 
source of laughter to a spectator, and ineoa* 
venicnce to ii muster. After all, the man» 
honest enough, and, in Cbri»<tendom, capable 
enou;.'h ; but in Turkey, Lord forgive me I 
my Albaxiiun nohliers, my Tartars and Jams* 
Kary. worked for liim and us too, ns my friend 
Hohhousc can testify. 

" It is probable 1 may steer homewards in 
spring ; but to eiisblc me to do that, I nut 
have remittances. Mv own funds wooU 
have lusted mc vef)- well ; but I waa oblijed 
to assist a friend, who, I know, will pay met 
hut, in the mean time, I ain out of pocket 
.At present, I do not care to venture t 
winter^ voyage, even if I were otherwiir 
tired of travelRng ; but I am m coni inred of 
the nilvantai»es of looking at mankind iiw 
stead of reaiimg about them, ami llie bitttf 
eflucts of staying at home with all the narrow 
prfjnditfs of an ibluiider. that I think there 
should be a law omongbt us, to set our VOIU^ 
men abroad, fur a term, among the few aOia* 
our wars have lefl us. iH 






" Llerc I fee and have conversed with 
Rmch, Italiaus, Ueniinn^, Dant-i), Greeks, 
IWfca, Ameneani, Sec &c. ttc. -, aixl without 
loBiag n^t of my ovd, I can judge of the 
coontries and manncrt of others. >^'hcrc I 
ace the superioriiy of England (Vhidt, by 
the bj, we are • tfjod deal mistaken about 
n iDMijr tluof^). I am pleased, and where I 
ind ber infenor, I am at least enlightened. 
Sw, I aoAt bare stayed, smoked in .vour 
l0inH» or ^ged in your counvy, a century, 
vkbaat baae xurc of thin, and without ac- 
qoving aay tning more useful or tuousiiu 
ac hoae. I keep iu> journal, nor have 1 
mf biCeation of scribblinff my travels. I 
nre done with authorship, and if. ui my 
lat production, 1 hare coovinccd the critieii 
or tbc world I was somcthinc more Ihiin 
tfacy took me for, I ant satisBifd ; nor will I 
hmrd iA«/ rrputaiian by a future cSbn. It 
ii true I hare some othem in mnniiscript, 
hot 1 tcare them fur those who come after 
IN ; and, if deemed worth publishing, tlicv 
■^1 aenre to prolong my memory when 1 
wjkU shall cease to remember. I have a 
(mous Barnrian artist taking some views of 
AtbeoA, Sec. &c. for me. This will he better 
(bm «cnbtitiiig, a disease 1 hope mvoelf 
cured uC 1 hope, un rny return, to lead a 
quiet, ndiue life, but Ood knows and does 
hot for iHiUl : at least, so they say, nnd I 
hum ooding to object, aa, on the whole, 1 
DO KasoD to complain of my lot. I 

,<4nnBeed, however, that men do more 
to tluBwlvcK thou ever the devil could 
4» lo iboBL I trust this will find you 
Wl^ tftd m bnppy as we can be ; you will. 
■ Iritf, be pleased to hear I am so, and 
jnra ever* 

larru W. TO MSB. BYROll. 

- Atbni, Febnur*- "11. 
*I>car Bladam, 

■ As I hare rcecared a firman for Egypt, 
Ac, I idiall proceed to that quarter in the 
and I tx^ you will state to Mr. Hao. 
t it U Deeessary to further remit- 
On the subject of Newstcad, I 
as belore, Ac. If tt is necessary to 
I Rochdale. Fletcher will have sr- 
by thifl time with mv letters to that 
irt. I will tell yon fairly, 1 liave, in 
I first place, no opinion of liindcd pro- 
; if. bv any particular circumstances. I 
be letl to adopt such a detcmiiiwtion, 
I Till, at all events, puss my lUe abroad, a*i 
only tie to En^hml is Newstead, and, 
' onco fpMte, neither interi-st nor inclin- 
lead me oortiiword. Coinpeteiicc lu 
yOor country is ample wealth in the Es5t. 

such ia the diflcrence in the value of money 
and the abundance of the neceiwaricH of 
life ; and I feel myself so much a citizen uf 
the world, that the spat where 1 can epjoy 
a deUcious climate, and every luxurj', at a 
lowr cX|MTnsc than a common colle^ life in 
En)|;laud, will always Ix; a i-ounlry lo me ; 
ami such are in fact the shores of the Arclii- 
{>elugo. Thin then i» the alternative — if I 
prcserre Newstead, I return : if I nell it, I 
stay away. I have hod no letten since yours 
ofJunc, hut 1 have written several limes, and 
shall continue, as usual, on the tame pbin. 
Believe me yauni ever, " Byron. 

" P. S. — I shall most likely see you in 
the course of the Buramer, but, of course, at 
buch a difltanec, 1 cannot specify any pai^ 
titular month." 

Tlic Tovagc to Egypt, which he appears 
from tills letter to have contemplativi, was, 
probably for want of die expected remit- 
Linccs, relinquished ; and, on tne 3d of June, 
he set Auil from Malta, in the Vcila^ frigate, 
for Englaad, havuig, during his short slay at 
Malta, bullered a severe attack of the tertian 
fever. The feeling with which hi: ri^tumed 
buiiie may be collected from the following 
melancholy letters. 


- Volaft FrifilB. at am, Jmw IB. ISIl. 

" In a week, with a fair wind, we shall be 
nt I*ort»moiilh, and on the 2d of July I shall 
have coni|ilrtwl (to a day) two years of pertv 
grination, from which I am returning with as 
Utile emotion as 1 net out. I think, upon the 
whole, 1 waa more grieved at lcn»'ing Greece 
than England, which I am impatient to sec, 
simply hucausc I iim tired of a long voyage. 

" Indci'd. roy prospects arc not very j»lc». 
Bant, Embarrussed in my private nftiiirs, 
indirtcrcnt to public, solitary without the 
wish to be Bociid, with a body a little eu- 
feebled by a succession offerers, but a apirit 
I trust, yet unbroken, 1 am returning kotng 
without a hope, and almost without a desire. 
Thf 6rfet thing I shall have to encounter 
will be a lawyer, tlie neit a creditor, then 
colliers, fanners, surveyors, and all the ogre^ 
able attiichmonts to estates out of r^wir, 
and contested coal-pits. In short, I am sick 
and sorry, and when 1 have a little refmired 
my irrepaniblc atTairB, away 1 shall march, 
either to campaign in Spain, « back again 
to the East, where 1 can at least bare cloud- 
less skies and u cessation from imjiertincnce. 

" I trust to meet, or nee you, ui town, or 

at Newstead, whenever you can make it 

I 8 


Convexiient — I st^poie you tre in love and 
b poetry ait usual. Thi«;'hu«band, H. Dniry. 
has never written to me, albeit I have scut 
htm more thtin one letter ; — but 1 (larc e»v 
the poor moil ha^ & famllv. and of course aU 
fait cares are confined to W circle. 

*** ForchlMrrn freih cxpcnfc* xrt. 
And Ulckj- now fur Kboot U Gu' 

IT vou ice him, tell him I have a letter for 
hiiii fnini Tucker, a regimental chirurgeon 
and friend of his, who prcscrilxNl for me, 
• • • and is a very worthy man, but too 
fond of hard words. I ehould be loo late 
for a speceb-day, or I should probably p) 
down to Harrow. I r(!pri'tted vcn'inuch in 
Greece having omitted to tarry tKc Antho- 
logy witli roe — I mean Bland and Meri- 
vtue'i. — What biw Sir Edgar done'' And 
the Imiutions and Translations — where 
lire ihcy ? I !iup|K)»e vou don't mean to li;t 
the puiilic otf hO cflailv. but charge theiu 
bonie with a quarto, for me. 1 am ' sick 
of fopn, and por-sy. ami prate,' and fihall 
leave the ' wholu Oiistalinn state* to Butb, 
or any bmly else. ' But you are a senti- 
mcnlid and BenKibilitoiis person, and will 
rhyme to tlie end of tJic chapter. Howbeit, 
I Intve written some 4000 lines, of one kind 
or another, on my tmvelB. 

" I need not repeat that 1 xhull be liapny 
to KD yciii. I Hhiill be in town about the 
hth, ut I)orant*8 Uotel, in Alberoarle Street, 
and procceil iu a few days to Mutts., and 
tlionrc to Hothdulo on buuMtt. 

" 1 am. hero wid there, jmin,* &r. 

Ltrru 51. TO MRS. BVnOH. 

*< VaU«> (rtgMa, M WW, Juim aS. ISU. 
'• Dear ^tothe^, 

"nii-i letter, which will be forwarded 
on our umval at I'ortsniDutli, probably 
about the 4th of July, is be^n about 
twenty-tliree days after our departure from 
Midta. 1 have just l>ccn two years (to a 
day. on the 2d *M" July) absent from Eng- 
liui'1. and I return to it with murh the same 
feelings wbirh prevailL't! on my departure, 
viz, indirtiircncc ; but wititin tliat apathy I 
certiiinly do not coniprihc yourself, aa 1 will 
prove liy every mean.s in my power. You 
will be good enough to get my apartments 
ready at Newstead ; but don't disturb your- 
Bclf, on any accoimt . particubrly mine, nor con- 
sider me m any other light than as a visiter. 
I mu&t only inform \ou that for a loiif; time 

I I" And lick of fopi, and poetry, and pnto, 

Ta Bofo lute lll« abole Cutiliaia ■Ute.'*— PdMi ] 

1 have been restricted to an entire vegetable 
diet, neither fish nor flesh coming withb my 
regimen ; so [ expect a powcrnil utork of 
potatoes, crectn, and bii^uit : I drink no 
wine. I nave two swvants, middlcs^^ 
men, and both Greek-t. It is my inteotun 
to proceed first to town, to see Mr. Uansou, 
and thence to Newstcmt, on my w^ to 
Hochdule. I have only to be^ you will not 
Ibi^t my diet, which it is very necesaafjr 
for IOC to obser\-e. I am well m health, a« 
I have generally been, with the csceiition (rf 
two Bguex, lioth of which I quickly got 

" My plans will so much depend on cir^ 
cumstances, that I shoU not venture to by 
down an opinion on the subject Jij 
prospects are not very nmmisinp. but I sup- 
|H)SL' wc idudl wrestli: thruiittb life tike our 
neighbours ; indeed, by [Ian.>)Otrs laist ad- 
vices, I hnve 8omL> apprebL-iisJon of finding 
Ncwstead dumantlcJ by Messrs. Brothers, 
&c.. and he seems determined to force mt 
into selling it, but he will be baffled. ! 
don't suppose I shall be much pestered with 
viiiiters ; but if I am, you must receivf 
them, for 1 am dL'ternuned to have nobodji 
breaking in upon my retirement : you koov 
that I never was fond of society, and I bq 
less so than before. I have brought you ■ 
bhawl. and a quantity of attar of ro»ea, but 
tht^c 1 must smu^fe, if possible. I tnin 
to find my library in tolerable order. 

" Melcher Ls no doubt lurivcd. 1 liliail 
separate the mill from Mr. B • •'« &nii, 
for his Hon is too pay a deceiver to inherit 
both, and placf Fletcher in it, who bu J 
served me faithfully, and whose wife b i 
good woman : besides, it is necessary to 1 
9ol»er young Mr. B • •, or he will p«)pte 
the parish with bastards. In n word, if he 
had reduced a dairj-maud, he tmght bore 
found something like un apology- ; but ihc 
girl is his equal, and in high life or low life 
reparation w made in such ctrcutnstacccs. 
But 1 shall not interfere furtlicr than flikc 
Buonaparte) by dismcmtteriiig Mr. B.'^ kin^ 
dom, and erectinc; part of it into a prindpM- 
ily for field-marsh nl Fletcher! I hope you 
govern my lillle trvijnrc and its sad load of 
national debt with a wary hand. To drop 
my im-'iaphor, I beg leave to sutiscribe mj- 

" Yours ever. " Bvaoit.* 

" P. S. July 14.— This letter was written 
ti» he M'jit from Portsmouth, but, on arriving 
there, the iquadron was ordered to the Norc. 
from whence I ehull forward it. This 1 
have nn[ done before, sunposirg you tntdit 
be alarmed by the interval mentJoned in uc 



Mr. £3. 



' being longer than expected between 
TiTal in port aoJ my appeoruoce at 


• vouc* rrifitti>, offUihut, itiir 17. mi. 

" MjT dear Dnirj*, 

" After two yeoiV abteencc (on the Sd) 
I uuJ some odd dayi, I am appronching your 
I cooocry. The day of our arrivul you will 
LiM by ^c outade tlote of mv letter. At 
Bt, vce are beralnied roniH>rt:il)ly, rlone 
at Harbour; — I have ntvcr Ihjcu 
■ it since I left Duck Piiddlc. Wc 
[Ul Mults thirty-roiir days ii£o, unti have 
I hid * tedioti'i passage of it. \ ou will cither 
or h«ar froin or of mc, soon after the 
[ ncdpt of this, as I pass throuj^h town to 
I tffair toy irreiianthlc ajTalra ; and thctice I 
— T to go to Ni>ti5. and raise rents, luid to 
, wad sell cuUimea. mid tmck to Lun- 
T taA pay debtJt, — for it seenns I shall 
[neither hare cools nor coiafort till 1 go down 
] IgHo chdale in person. 

I have brought homi; some marbles for 

bouae ; — for myself, four ancient Athc- 

skulk'. dug nut of siircoptin^i — h 

I |itDal n1' Attic hemlock '^ — fuurlivt' UirLui>ifH 

liffeyhoand (died on thcpossa^) — two 

lOrcek serrants, one an Athenian, toother 

c, vho can speak nothing but H*^ 

land Italian — and mytetf, as Moses in 

Vicar of Wakefield soys, ulily, and I 

I nay aay it too. for 1 have nf little cause to 

I IvMt of mv ex[N:ditiun tvs hu had of hi.s to 


** 1 wrote to you from the Cyanean Rocks 

In teU you 1 had awara (com Scsto.s to Atiy- 

I dai— liave you received my letter ? Ilodg- 

, I nipiiosc. is four deep by this time. 

would he have given to have »een, 

, the rrui FanuunUt where I robbed 

hop of Chriasie of a book of ^-o* 

f 1 — but tliis I only call ijlugiarisni, 

wms ckme within an hour s ride of 




Hating landed the roiuig pilerimoncc more 
in England, it niiiy be worth while, before 
we accompaiiy him into the scenes that 
awaited liim at home, to consider hiiw far 
the genera) character of his mind and dispo- 
sition may hove been affected by the cotinse 
of travel and adventure in which he had 
liceii, for the last two years, engaged. A life 
less savouring of poetrj' and roinance than 
that which ]ie hud punued pres'iounly to Wm 
departure on his travels, it would he difficult 
to imagine. In his c'hildhtxx]. it ]s true, he 
hod been a dwell«r and wanderer among 
SL'cnea well cjdeuluted, according to the or- 
diniu-v notion, to implant thp firKt nidimcnts 
of [Kfelic feeline. But, thoui'h the jxiet may 
afterwards fet-ii on the recollection of aucn 
scenes, it is more than qiicntionabic, as ban 
been alrujuly observed, whether hv ever has 
been formed by them. If a childhood, in- 
deed, pasfted among mountainous scenery 
were so Givoiirablc to the awakening «f the 
ininginativc power, both the Welsh, among 
ourselves, niid the Swiss, abruad, ought to 
rank much higher on the acale of poetic ex- 
cellence than they do at present. But. even 
allowing the picturesijiueness of bin wwly 
hnunix to have had 5omu lih&re in giving a 
direction to the foncy of Byron, thu actual 
operation of thiit intluKncc, whatever it may 
have lieeti, ceiised with his childhood ; and 
the life which he led afterwards during hig 
school-duv» at Harrow, was, as naturally the 
life of so idle and during a sebool-boy must 
be,— the very reverse of poetical.* For a 

* Glf« t tm wwi i t IQ str WtlitT Scott, 
> Ac prmal fai the pow ii oii at Mr. Munijr. 

* [* ' Wf koMK, wpJconc. H««f 1 weU. mjr tioj, wbot 
ton pm br(M«lit u* from |fa« (mlr ? ' — ' I ha*« brought 

In^jMtr.' aUi Mo*M. wlUi a ily look, and r««t)cif 
■ r* Vr cwovl tftm vtth Mr. Mmk In thlnUns that 
lynB*> Itfc «t llarrmr waa'lbiTvnr nrvrteof poetkmL' 
IWifelitlwauMtpDctioil-tiktiUUw (ullM U im- 

at •n.'ctlont lotl putlnnt- Tin did not. during plaf houn, 
■port Tltrntt ' *iib trcinlni? fa«l.' but. Uioufrb Uni«. fte- 
fcrrrd CTlckF* : mtd tan tbttr be any doiibl tkol. uul ot 
uhaal. a hat li better than a Iwok, aud Ihr wlcicLi a 
tbMKKDd ttinr* more poetical than thn fnl<-4 "f Furadtie 
tjti* f The very boAltt of reiakiac *cticwltnir> •* t^ 
are iplriiuftl ; and ■ poMk vidoai nrami roevrrr bauKh' 
ottbtgxtma ahadj-lrcci, luUllng am their hMdaaifhqr 
are «*rtmmlDi lih« Dncanea In th« mllk-oram rt*«n of 
HUtiRMT, or ndn« •t'*"9 tha bonlu to drj tbaMlbH la 
Iha MfuhliM." -- WliJK»'. lUO.] 
I 3 





RoUlier or fin adventurer, ihc course of train- 
ing through which hi: then passed would 
h^ve been perfect ; — his athletic sports, his 
huttleft, lii* love of dangerous enterjirise, g»ve 
every promise uf a spirit fit for the most 
stormy career. Uut to the meditative tnir- 
fliiitji of poesy, these dlipnsitions fceeoieiJ. of 
all others, the least friendly : and. however 
they ought promise to render him, at some 
fiittire time, a sulyect for Iwirds, gave, as- 
suredly, but little nope of his shining first 
Hinong bards himself. 

The habits of his life at the univeniity 
were even Rtill less iutclkctnal and literary. 
VVhilu a schoolboy, he had read ahundantU 
and eagcrlv, tbomgh de^iduirily ; but even 
dm diaciph'ne of his mind, irregular and un- 
directed as it Wii*. he had, in a p-ciit measure, 
giren up, after leaving llarriiw ; and among 
the piiriiiiit.4 that occupied liis acudi-mic 
hours, tliose of playing «t hjuard, sparring, 
and keeping a bear ' and bulldogii, were, tf 
not the most favourite, at least, perhaps, the 
most innocent. His time in Loiulon passed 
equally unmarked, cither by menttU culti- 
vation cr refined amURenient, ?iavini» no 
resources in private society, from hia tota.1 
want of frienda uud connections, he was left 
tu live loosely about town anionj; the loungers 
in co9cc4iou9cs ; un<l to those who renieui- 
I«.T what his two favourite haunts, Lira- 
mer's and Stevens's -, were at that period, 
it w needless to say that, whatever else may 
have been the merits of these eNtalilisJimeiiu, 
they were anything hut Ht achools for the 
formation of poetic character. 

But however iucompatibtc such a life 
must have been with those Imhita of con- 
tcmphition, by which, lutd whirh only, tlie 
faculties he hud already dbplnyed could be 
ripetierl, or thoi<ic that were Ktlll latent rimhl 
be unfolded, yet. ia another ]x>int of view, 
the time now apparently squandered by him 
was, in after lUj-s, tunied most invaluably 
to account. Bv thus initiating him into a 
knowledge of tnc varieties of hunkon cho- 
rucicr, — by giving him an insight into the 
itetails of !:ociety, in their leuat artificial 
form, — in abort, by mixing him up, thus 
early, with the world, its business and its 
pleasures, his London life but contributed 
Its share in forming that wonderful conibin- 

I I" YmiDK poaU muat haT« U»dr ttinuMRMnU at col- 
k8«> Hke jmDg prawn- Mow, what ucpMlkslarouae- 
nwnu? Plarbiion tbR iHM or IVMlal? SketeklDK 
trm u4 towvn ia ckalk f TaUnf lauaa* In net-work 

from rouim Itiltn i^ti lupcrlntrnil rlrculnUni UliiBTlifi ? 
Wbj, kU tbu U rwtly well to Ukwc who like It ; but what 
if B)roii |irrfi>rTpil *»iniraln;(, (larrtng — Mm«tln>«« 
mt'.h k man. and Mineliinet wlUi ■ bear 7 A yoaxf poet 
«hi>iliar« rmjiiiQitlj l>ftlwi)*altBMf beuld. In tratblDgi 
■id VI al kao* tiiat (a b* In tniniiif merolj mcaa* to 

ation which his mind afterwardii cnhibital, 
of the imaginative and the practical— t^ 
heroic and the humorotis — of the keenui 
and most dissecting views of real life, with 
the gnuidest and most spiritualised concep- 
tions of ideal grnndetir. 

To the same period, pcrltape, aouther pre- 
diiminnnt ctmructt^rifitic of his maturermiod 
and writings may be traced. In this antid- 
pated experieoce of the world which his 
early mixture irith its crowd gave him, it ii 
hut little probable that many of the more & 
vourable specimens of htunan lund should 
have fallen under his notice. On the con- 
trarj-, it is but too likely that some of the 
lightest and least estimable of both sexee 
may have been among tlie models, on vhicll 
ot Bit we when impre&bions sink deqtest. 
his earliest judgmmbi of human oature 
wore formed. Hence, probably, those con- 
temptuous and delKiKing viewM of humanity 
with wliirh lu- wjut so often led to ftlloy his 
noblest tributes to the lovcliitcss and nu(Jes^ 
of general nature. Hence the contrast that 
appeared between the fruits of hi> inU' 
gmatioo and of his experience, — bccurcra 
those drcoms, fidl of beimty »nd kindlinoBV 
witli whirh the one teemed at his blddidg, 
and the durk, desulatint; bitterness that orer- 
fiowed when he drew from the other. 

Unprotnislng. however, as was his yoiutk f 
of the high dcttiny that awaited him. there ' 
was one unliuling characteristic of the ima^ U 
native order of minds — his love of solitude l\ 
— which very (>arly gave idgns of those habits 
of self-atudy nnd introspection by whkh 
ulone the " diamond ipiarries " of genius are 
worked nnd brought tu Light. When but a 
bo^, at Harrow, he had shown this dispo- 
sition strongly, — being often known, as I 
have already- roentionc>d, to withdraw him. 
ticlf &om hu playmates, and, ntting alone 
upon a tomb in the churchj'ard, gave faiin- 
self up, for houn>-, to thought. As his mind 
began to disclose its resources, this foelinje 
crew upon him ; and. Had his for^gn trava 
tEonc no more than, by detuching hiia from 
the distractions of society, to enable him, 
sulitanly and freely, to cxicnnune with his 
own Kpirit, it would have been tin all- 
important step gained towards tiie full ex- 
jiaiision uf hit facuttie:!. It was only then, 

be In tlK hlfbeit hMlEh. Mow. Uni'afiMnMi man to 

do wtlh iKirtry Ibui Apollo ; and ihnvftwv Byna did 
tifht w«ll to (par tlalljr. But EutlMr— whu »• iH 
amtuvmenli nnd rvcrwllnnt to a man vbo U not k mtn 
Idler ? NoUilBf ; ur 1m iltaa nothing. Oaa risf la 
hour'i itudy, whldi liu been lUllvd tif glorioH Iwlfhw^ 
oA«n ctMwtitutM ihr (Uy, and ■ day, loo, wboM mnnory 
wmarm-dto." — WiL»r.M. lUD.] 

■ [The Ibnner m CooiluU Street ; and the laiut In New 
Bond Since.] 







iadcetl. thnt he liegon to fcvX him»€l( CApnUle 
of the ubNtraction which 3i«ir-j<tii<Iy rcijuireN 
or to ca^oy that frcctlam rrom the intrusiou 
of Otbers' thoughts which alone leaves the 
contcmptotivc mind master of its own. In 
thcsulituilc of his n^ts ot sen, in his lone 
wancicniigB dirough Greece, he hod RufB- 
dent lenure am) aechuion to look within 
himidf. and thcrr catch the fint " pliiupMm 
of his gloriouii mind," One of \\i^ chict de* 
li|;|its, 83 be mvnttunutl in liis " Mcniornndfl," 
mna, when bathing in aome retired a}>ot, to 
ant himidf un a h'leh rock ahove the sea. 
uul there remain for hount, gadnc upon the 
iky and the waters ', and lo5t in that !>ort of 
vietio reverie, which. howe%'cr fonnless itnd 
inmatinct at the moment, settled aftcrwanls 
on hi» pages, into those clear, bright pic- 
tarci which will endure fur ever. 

Were it not for the doubt and diffidence 
that hang round the firnt steps of genius, this 

ing concioiif*neji8 of his own power, 
opcniiigH into a new dontain of in- 

It, where he was to reign ttupreme, nitut 
have nuule the solitBTj- hours of the voung 
trartdUcr one dreaiu uf hnpi>in»fM. Hut it 
win be »een that, even yet, ne diatnistetl his 
(nrn Htreiif^lli, nor was ut all aware of the 
faoflhi to which the spirit he was now cnlhng 
1^ would grow. So enamoiu^d, neverthelchs, 
nil he bi'courc of these lonely musings, 
that even the society ofhi^ fcllow-imvelItT, 
ihmigh nith pnrsiiiti so congeniul to his 
awn, grew at last ti> be a chain and a hunlen 
on bim ; and it wiia not till he stood, com- 
|)anionle!iH. on the shore of the little island 
ta the J^tum, that he found hii4 spirit 
breuthc frwlv. If any seroMcr proof were 
wimini; of his deep passion lor solitude, wc 
ihall 6ud it, nut iimny ytsirit aft:cr, in ha own 
arittcn avowal, that, e%'en when in the com- 
pny of tlie woman he most lovod, he Dot 

■ Ta tai* be «lhi4M Ib Amv bMutUnl >tinzu, 

** Tb tt oa rodu, to dium g'cr Saod md fUl," Ac. 

iWvl. bHtn hti drmutic kcoIm hAd jr«t unfcliM 
Mt imO m pu* tiuuri. M IM icUi 111, In thi* K>rt of 
tnmBbtit **«•, imlaf upm Um occui : — ■• Aprti le 
9«nMi« Mil it mat namtwrni*, I Maradlte, Jiult de »• 
hllpw prwqiM tiMnla Min 4aBi la mer. J'avil* trour* 
■B fmU ndnrit Iprt acr**))!*. "u- um bogu* At- tMr» 
a draUe bwt (lu faru oft, en b'wwjtmiI tor la 
b 40* ap9«t;( rootrv on pMil rocbcr tjul «iip*r-hiilt 
0» HU no voir da cAt^ dr U ton-K. Jn o'araU phu 
II not qiiD > del H ta nicr. Kntra ra dcax Ini- 
^ptlU' » ^alwnb dHMa leni IvtiajnMHil'unaalFUHiDchaJiL, 
i* pactal Ml r4vna4 dn hnrvt d/llrtniwi : ct Ik, >• acnit 
4ctflBB paSu, al J'srala ta fcrlra dana una bufue <id«|. 

* BgC • Aw BMxRha beforv be dtod. In a ooararaBtloa 
«lfc MawoeocdMa at H(tauU)n«{it. I»nl Rjrat Mid — 
" Tha Turfclah IllaUirr waa mm of iti*^ firai hiMli* (bat 
pm mt yleanira vlini a cblU ; nd I bcUm tt bad 


unfrequcnOy found himself sighing to be 

It was not only, however, by affording 
him the concentration nccessor)' for tliia 
hilent drawing out ot' hin fceliujiH and powers, 
that tmvd conduced ho cxsentiiilly to the 
fonnaticm ofhi.i poetical cimnictcr. To the 
East he hnd looked, with the eves of 
romance, &om his very childhood, Dcfore 
he was ten years of age, the perusal of 
RycQUt'ii Histon- of the Turka hud taken a 
Btrungbold of hu imaginatiuii. and he read 
eagerly, in consequence, every book coticcro- 
ing the East he could find.) In visiting, 
therefore, those countries, he wiis but 
rcali»ing the ilrramit of his chililhixxl ; and 
this return of his thoughts to thut innocent 
time, gave n freshncBs and purity to their 
Current which they had long wanted. Under 
the spell of such recollection!-), the attrac- 
tion uf novelty was nniong the least that the 
scei»es, through which he wandered, pre- 
sented. Fond traces of the past — and few 
have ever retained them so vi«dly — mingled 
themselves with the imiin:fl.<tiona of the 
objects before tiini ; luid as. among the 
Hii;hlaiids, he had often traversed, in tancy, 
the land of the Monleni, ik> tm'morv, from 
the wild hilU of Albania, now " earned him 
back to Monen." 

While such sources of poetic feeling were 
stirred nt every step, there was also in his 
oiiirk change of place and scene — in the 
diversity uf men and mannera surveyed by 
him — in the jierpctual hope of adveahire 
and thirst of enterjirise, such a auccession 
and variety of ever fre«h excitement ai not 
only brought into play, but invigorated, idl 
the energies of his character : as he, himself, 
describes his mode of living, it wai ** To-day 
in a palace, to-mtHTuw in a cow-hoxisc — 
this day witli the Pacha, the next with a 

much iofiaran on vj tubanqutnt wtibi^ la tlill Ihv 
Lcnac. and gate perhapa ibr nrteaul coloittlna which 
H otwarrad In b; poetiT."— Onoif Crai»ih)'« JVvnwMv. 

[a die Uift ntlllati of Hr. D'ltrarll'* «i>rk oa " tha 
LltaraiT Cbanciar," tbat gcnUnaaa haa flvcn iona 
curlow marfbwl aotM, wlilrli ti« (umihI «tIii«ui hf Luol 
RjTDa la ■ Mfir of till* work that bnlonged to htcn. 
Amoas tbcm I* Ibe rDllcrvliiii mmnM-Atlun nnbe wrttrn 
that, bratdra lljuut, had diawn hi« aUcatioti to Mrl; 
t<i lti« Ea«t : — 

" Knotln. Canlnntr, t>« Tntt, Lady U- W. Hontacn. 
ItAwklfia'i Tyatitlatlon from MlpiaC'* lllstorjr cf the 
Tuiti.lba Atublaii Nljtliti, all traiela. nr hlHorlca, or 
Iicinlu ujian Uh> lUit I ctiitld Biwc wlUi. I bad md, M 
wcil M BfMut, before 1 w«« M yMM tJd. 1 ifalnk th» 
ArablMt MIghU int. After thcM, I pntemd the hla- 
tonr of naval acOan*. Don Qubtote.awl SBnollotl'aniwak, 
jMrUculartr Rtxlrrlrk Rawloaa. nd I waa paaahiralp fer 
Ibc nomaa Htitorr- Wh«a m bor. I v^U Mv«r baw 
I't f»«d m>r Puutry whatMar wUioat dlajwrt a«l rrlue- 

I 4 




diepheni." Thus were his powen of ob- 
•erraticm quickcaiKi, and the imprus^ioos on 
his imaginntion multiplied. Thus schooled, 
ton, in ttome of thcrouj^hiicsAeR and priralinru 
of life, and, &o far, niude ncqumntcd with the 
Savour of adversity, he Icami-xl to cnlariic, 
more thnii u comtiion in his hi|^ stntiun, 
the circle of his symiiatliie!), and hecamc 
inured to that manly and vigorous cast of 
thought which iH to imprcMied on nil his 
writings. Xor must we forpet. amoni; thwc 
Btrengthening and animultu^ vrfixtJi of travel, 
the ennobling excitement of diuiccr, u-hiih 
he more than once experienced, — havinc 
been ptiircd in Mtnalinns, bntli on land and 
fco, well calculated to coll forth that pUm- 
ntnibli' Hirnsf nf rnergj-, which pfriU, calmly 
confronted, never faii to iiijipire. 

The strong interest which — in spite of 
hi.^! assumed philosophy on thu subject in 
CliilJc Harold — lie took in cvcr>- thuig con- 
nected with n life of wurfurc, found frequent 
op|H>rt unities of gracifii-ation, not only on 
board the English sbipa of war in whidi he 
sailed, but in nis occasional intercourse with 
the soldiers of the countrj-. At Salora, a 
soUtan phicc on the Gulf of Arta, he once 
passed two or three days, lodged in u small 
mberable barrack. Here he lived the whole 
ttme, &niiliarly, among the soldiers ; lutd ii 
picture of the sin^lar scene which their 
eveningH presented— iif ihose wild, haif- 
bandit warrioni, seated round llie yimiii.'^ 
poet, and cxaminiag with .savncc admiration 
liis line Manton gun ■ and Enclish ^^word — 
mi^ht he Cf»i(nL<ited, hut too (onrhini>ly, with 
another and a later picture of the same poet, 
dying, as a chielluiii, on the same liuid, with 
8iiltotv8 for his guards, and all Greece for hu 

It is true, amidft all this itiniulatinr> 
variety of object'?, the melancholy which he 
had brought from home .still lingered around 
his mind. To Mr. Adair and Mr. Bruce, ns 
I huvc l>efore mentioned, he gave the idea 
of a person labouring under ilccp dt^'ection ; 
and Colonel Leake, who was, at that time, 

■ ■' Ii rsiiinl hvl Iho noxt ilijr. moS <np »peiil aaothoi 
ovmlng vUh mir tcUJori. The captain. Elioju. liird ■ 
fluG kbuiCon gun behniflnii to my frlmd, ani) MtttnR bti 
muk CTity tlnw trM bUUly dellglittKl." — Uobioti§e'i 
JiMtntfjft Iff. 

* Eimiia tMr««i>ll«cl«dthatbrtw9ortlutM|ratl(in«in 
ho wu (Ml) {birdj uiuU^r thf mtnlou <rf prambltoa 
tMi rllvudlv, wbcii «halrTrr floon ttwrs wu on bit 
iplriu vauld, tn ■ th; natun* like Mi, noit itioar ItMir. 
Tka account whicb kl* rcllw-tnmlttT gim of htn it 
■itgBVtlii>TdlAT«it. la fntrodudng lb« turraiini at a 
thort tuuc 10 NflpvpoaiA^ tn which lili noble friend wm 
□ualJlB tD ■KcmpOBjr fatm, Mr. Ilobboiu^ nttfun 
untnglj the tMMtincj of uhich lie i* w»ufbl«, tiota Uio 
■iMcuce, on tUt otcaaliOD. of " tL cu(B|Mah)o. wbo, to 


reiiident at loannina, conceived very much 
the same impression of the state of Im 
mind. ' Dut, aKSurcdly, even thin melancholy, 
habitually as it &tiU clung to him, must, 
under the stirring and healtfaful influences 
of his roving life, hare became a far more 
elevated and abstract feeling than it ever 
could have expanded to within reach of 
tlxist; aimoynnccs, whose tendency was to 
keep it wholly concentrated round self. 
Had he remained idly at home, he would 
have Kuiik, perhaps, into a querulous satiriat. 
But, us his views opened on a freer and 
wider horizon, every feeling of his nature 
kept [KU'c with their enUrgenieitt ; and thifi 
inlwm sadness, mingling itself with the 
eiriisitinn of his genius, became one of the 
chief constituent charms not only of their 
pathos, but their grandeur. For. when did 
(^er a Mibtime thought §pring up in the snuU 
that melancholy w&^ not to be found, how- 
ever latent, in its neighbourhood? 

We have Keen, from tin* letttiTH written by 
him on his passage homeward, how far Irom 
cheerful or nappy was the state of mind in 
which he returned. In tnith, even for a 
disposition of the most sanguine cast, there 
was quite enough in the discomforts that 
now awaited him iti England to saddcD its 
ho|«s, and check its buoyancy. " To be 
hii|»py Bt hoiac." says Johnson, " is the ulti- 
iniite result of alt umbilion, the end to whicb 
cvLTv enterprise and Libour tends." But 
LorJ Byron bod no home,— at least none 
that deserved this endearing name. A fond 
fumily circle, to accompany him with its 
jiravers, while awajr, and draw round him, 
witTi liatcnin;: eagemeas, on hit return, was 
what, unluckily, he never knew, thouj^ with 
a heart, as we hare seen, by natiut? fonued 
for it. la the absence, too> of all that might 
cheer and sustain, he hati ever>' thii^ to eu- 
rounter thnt could distress and humiUatc. 
To the drcauini»a ofa home without affectiou. 
was added the bunlen of un cstidilishmcnt 
uithout means i and he had thus all the 
emhiurassments of dotnestic life, without its 

()ulrha«ia ofobMnnUioTi and iii,|irnu)tr of rvmark. iiitttad 
triac snj ffood-bumuur wUcli kaqn altv* tb« Utmtloa 
uiuln ibc pfnaura of ftdtPH, and (ofton Um aapcct ut 
■r««rr dUHcultjr and dugtr." b mbw lino, tooi, et thk 
** Ubtta ftoB Uonee,** aMnmnd erlJcoiljr to Hr tU^ 
bOilM. Lord Bjna net oaif rondn-i Um came joatln In 
Ut on Mdal t-hcerfulnrM, bat gtva a tMB«wb« man 
(lUUiirl Ideaorthcfrsmnof miodMit of whkii It n»e-^ 

" MdicIiiu! with whom I bopo one* mnra In alt, 
Ad4 finllr at Fnlljr, If wv cui't « wU j 
Ym. fri«nd, for tbee I'll qutt mjr tj-aW cell, 
Atul bear Ralft't mMtu. - Vl*« UtngatcUc I" 
^^' hkji rhum'd uiir djjii In luf b £{md ctlne. 
And oft at haam wiili ivftlrf and rbjnw." 

[Saa Worka, p. Wi.] 


JKt. 98. 



duniH. in^ atlnirs hud, during his absence, 
been sulTerod to fiM intn cunfu^iun, even 
peater than their inlicn-nt icnUcncy to such 
ft state warrsnted. There hud beet), the 

Jirecetlihjt year, an cxcruHon on NcwTitcai!, 
iw a debt of I50(V. owing to tlic Mc-ssrs. 
Brothers, upholsterers ; and a circumstaiit'e 
toU of the vcttTiui, Joe MuTTB), on this 
occiuit>n, well dcHenrcs to l»c mcntiontd. 
To this fiiithful old servant, jealous of the 
Wcicnt honour of the Bvpons. tht: si^jlit of 
ribe notice of sale,^ np on the alibey- 
'4oor. could Dot be otherwise thnn lui un- 
rightly and intolerable niiistiuu-e. Huvin^ 
CDoiish, however, of the fear of the law bo- 
tan his ejres, not to teur the writing down, 
ke win at last forced, as his on!)' coiutolatorv 
ei]>etlient, to paste a large piece of brown 
paper over it. 

Aotwithatmidinf; the rcKoliition, na re- 
cently cxprcased by Lord Byron, to abandon 
Ibr ever the vocation of aiithor^liip, and 
learc " the whole fattulian siute " to othorn, 
be was hAntlv landed in Enjflund « lit-n wc 
find him bn^iiv cn^>fi<;t;d in prepuruliona for 
the publicntirmnt'some of thr pnems whirh 
kc had produced ubroud. So eaf;er wu-t he, 
iDdet'1.1. t<i print, that he hud idreudy, in a 
:ct written at tten, oinmunced hiniM-lf to 
'. Dalbs, as ready for the preu. ( H* this 
cr. which, from its date, oii);ht to have 
preeeilfd some of the uthcrit thut have bwn 
^n, I shnll here fay before the reader the 
EOoet mafi'riat \ana. 


" Vubit frl^ic M Ml, Jtna «. ISII. 

"* After two yeoni' absence (to n day, on 
the t^d of July, before which wc ihull not 
arrife at Poruiumith), 1 udi rctraci/ig my 
way to England. 

"I jni eouiiiii! bnck with Utile prospect 
Iff pleasure at hmne. and with a body u little 
ihikcn by ont- or two smiirt fevers, but a 
*pirit 1 hope yet unbroken. My aifairs, it 
■ccnK. ore considerably involved, and much 
{lumeaa must bi* ilone withliiwveni, collier)*, 
I, and creditors. Now tfiis. to u man 
who hales bustle as be bates a buhop. is a 
tttitUMt concern. But enough of uiy home 

" My butire. it seems, is in a fourth edition, 
■ fuceem rather alKn'c the middling nm, but 
not much for a production which, from it^i to- 
pics, must be tcmporurj*, and of course be suc- 
cetsfnlat first, or not at all. At lhi«i period, 
when 1 can think and act more coolly, 1 
reprct that 1 have written it. though 1 shall 
proliably find it fori;olten by all except those 
vbom it has oBended. My friend Hob- 

hoiise's Mincellany bos not succeeded ; but 
he himiH^If writes tn> good*huraouredU' on 
the subject, I don't know whether to laugh 
or crj- with hiin. He met with your son at 
('adiz, of whom he s|)eMk8 highly. 

" Yours and Prult's jtrati-s-c, Blockctt.tlic 
cobbler, ix dead, in spite of his rh vines, aud 
b [>robably one of the instance^ wficre death 
had naveu a taan from damnation. You 
were the rutn of that poor fellow amonfpit 
yoii : had it not tieoit for bU pntrons, he 
mi>^t now ha\-e been in very good plight, 
shoo (not verse-) nuking; but you have 
made hint immortal with a vengeance. I 
write this, supposing poetrj*. patronage, and 
strong waters, to have been the death of 
him. If you i»re in town in or about the 
beginning of July, yon will find me nt Do- 
rant's, in Albemarle Street, f^tad to hteyou. 
1 have an imitation of Horace's Art of 
Poelrv ready for Clitwthom, but don't let 
that deter you, for 1 ulia'n't inflit-t it u]M>n 
you. You know I never read my rh\mes 
to ^-i-fitere. 1 shiill quit town in a few days 
for Notts., and tbcncc to Rochdale. 

" Yours, Sic" 

[nuncdiatclv, on Lord Byron's arrival in 
I^mdon. Mr. Dallas called upon him. " On 
the loth of July," savs this gt-nlleman, " I 
had the pIcaiEiire of shaking hands with him 
at Itcddi^h's Hotel in St. James's Street. I 
thougiit liihi InokK lieliexl the report he had 
gi\eu QIC of hi:! IkmUIv health, and hit> coun- 
tcnancc did not betoken niclancholy, or 
dispk-iuiurc at his return. He van very 
animated iu the accuuul of hi^ travels, but 
u»3urcd me he had never hati the least idea 
of uriting them. He said he In-Iicved sutire 
to be hvs/i>rU\ and to that he had adhered, 
hnviug written, during his stay nt ditTcrent 
plucfft ubrood, a Faru{ihra.M- of Hornrc'ii 
Art of Poetry, which would be a good finish 
lo Hngtiiih Bards and Scotch Rwiewers. 
He seemed to promise himself additional 
fiinie from it. and 1 undertook to superintend 
its publication, an 1 had done that of the 
Satire. 1 had choben the time ill for my 
visit, and we had hardly nny time to con- 
verse uuinterruptcdli, he therefore tngaged 
me to breakfa&t with him next morning." 

In the inlervnl Mr. Dallas looked over this 
Pju^pbrasc, which hehad been perinitted by 
Lord Byron to toke home with hini for the 
pttqHise, and hin di.sappointnicnt tra», as he 
Iiiiu:ielf dcscrilN!*- it, "grievous," on finding, 
that a pilgrimage of two yenrs to the inHjiir- 
ing land.s of the Kaist had been itttuidcd 
with no richer poetital rcsiUt. On their 
meeting again nc^t niorning, though uiiviill- 
ing to speuk dujutraitiiigly of the work, he 
could not refrain, as he mfonns us, from ex- 



pressing some surprise tliaE his noble friend 
should have praduceil oothinc cUe during 
hill absence. — " Upon this," nc continues, 
" Lord B}TDn told ntc that lie had occasiun- 
ully written ehort poenu, bcsidei a great 
mmy stanzas in Spenscr'a DKuare, rdabve 
to the couniries he had rimted. ' Thty are 
not worth troulilinj; you with, but voii shall 
have thciD all wiln yoti if you like.' So 
came I by Chtlde Harold's Fil^inuu;e. He 
took it from a small trunk, with a number 
of verses. He said they had be>cn read but 
by one person, who had found very little to 
coiniQCod and much to condemn : that he 
himself waa of that opinion, and he was 
tiurc t should be so too. Such as it vas, 
however, it wua at my service : but he was 
urgent that ' The Hints fram Horace' should 
be: iiDuicdiatrk' put in train, which I i>ro- 
mised to have done." 

T\h'. value of the treasure thus presented 
to hiiii, Mr. Dalbs was not slow in discover- 
ing. That Tcrv evening he idie»|)atched a let- 
ter to his nnble friend, saying — " You have 
written one of the roost delightful poems 
I ever read. If I wrote this in fl.ittery, I 
shoidd deserve yuur coutempt ratlter than 
your friendship. I have been so fascinated 
with Cluidc Huruld that I have not been 
able to lay it down, I wouhl almost nietlge 
Qiy life on its culvaucing the reputation of 
your poetical powers, and on its gaining you 
prcat nonour and regard, if you will do me 
the credit und favour of attending to my 
su^estions respecting," &c. &c. &c. 

Notwithstanding this just praive, and the 
secret echo it must have found in a heiirc 
so awake to the slightest whwper of fame, 
it wa-s some time Ufore Lord Hyron's ol)- 
stinntc repugnance to the idea of publishing 
Childe Harold ' could Iw removed. 

" Attentive." says Mr. Dallas, " as he had 
hitherto been to my opinions and siiggcs- 
tiotis, and natural as it was that he should 
be swayed by such dccid'i;d praise, 1 was 
surprised to find thai 1 could not at fitbt 
obtain credit wicli him for oiy judgment on 
Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. ' It was any 
tbing but poetry — it had been condemned 
by a good critic — had I not myself seen 
tne sentences on the margins of the manu- 

L ITbc ttuTT told of Lord ByrtiD't hrilUUaa to pulrilih 
CLUdm lUrnU, i* al complete tartaoce »Uti nil tw 
np nM lj mattoocd tc na on the cubjact. — Mob. 

• [Mr. Gait, Id bU Llto of the Poet. intimaKm thai Sir 
John HodhnaM wai Iba i:tiOc hPK illudod to. Tho 
ItlEhc lloDounblc Barroct. tn a iMtrr ta the Kdltor of the 
Nn Blmthtr Hafulne, thui nprit the InriaoaUon : -' 
" Thvre b not the dlgbtMl (oumladim (nr chc caoJrctuK, 
Uiat I diHuadfid Lord Hjtoa from pubUthlsf CblUa 


scripts?'* He dwelt upon the Pamphra*: 
of the Art of Poetry with pli!asnre, anil 
the manuscript of that was given to Caw- 
thorn, the publinher of the Satire, to be 
tirougtit forth without dcia}'. I did tint, 
however, leave him so: before X Quitted him 
I returned to the charge, and tolo him thut 
I was so convinced of tlie merit of Childe 
Harold's Pilgrimage, that as he had given it 
to me, 1 should certainly publuh it, if be 
would have the kindness to aueod to some 
corrections and alterations." 

Amuug the many instances, recorded in 
literary history, of the fulite judgment* of 
authors respecting their own praductioits, 
the preference given by Lord Byron to a 
work io little worthy of his genius, over a 
jioem of such rare and orlgmal beaaty as 
tile first iiantOH nf Chtlde Hiuold, may Ik a^ 
counted, perhaps, one of the most extraor- 
dinary and inevplicuhle. ^ " It is in men 
OS in soils," says Swift, "where •u>metimes 
there is n vein of gold which the owner 
knows not of But Lord Byron had made 
the discovery of the vein, without, as it 
would seem, being aware of its value. 1 have 
already hod nccasiou to observe that, even 
while occupied with the cumtioHition of 
Childe Harold, it is questionable wbetbcf 
he himself wax yet fiillv conscious of the 
new powers, both of tbouglit and filing, 
that had been awakened in him ; and the 
strange estimate we now 6nd him forniiug 
of his own praducliun apjieors to wairant 
(he remark. It would seem, indeed, as if, 
while the inuigiiuttive )iuweni of his miml 
had recdvcd such an impulse forward, the 
faculty of judgment, slower in iu devclop- 
nieiit, vraa i>till immature, and that t>C mf' 
judgment, the most difficult of all, still oiv- ' 
attained. I 

Oti the other bond, ftom the deferenre ' 
which, pnrticularly at this period of lus Itfir. 
he was inclined to pay to the opioionB of 
those with whom he associated, it woiJd be 
fairer, perhap*, to conclude that this erro- 
ncouH valuation arose rather from a diA- 
dence in his own Judgment tlian from any 
deficiency of it. 'To his college compauioita, 
almost all of whom were his superiors in 
scholarship, and some of them eren, at this 

llaruld. HaA t done *o. Indi-rd. M U aot llkd; tlixt bo 
wmiUI harr iWkftlnd thai doUo p<M» la mjrwir."! 

> tt U. hriKcrcr, 1cm wonderful that autbon ibauM 
thiu mUJudg* tbtlr productfoiLi, what whota fntralkMM 
\we wmHlmM (xllm latn Ut« Mme lort o( nrar. Hm 
Sonntti of Petfarch w^rc. bf the lewned of hU d«r, dmtU 
dcrvdanlyttDrlh/Dftlir bftllad-tjngcnby wlitim tltt;; wvro 
chiuitBdaliDUltha ttnwt* ; whUebU itpic IVtMa," AlHok," 
of wtikti k-w DOW ^ea lino* (bo mltteace. wm aoufW 
Tor 'xa all tlJe*, ukd Uus inutlteit fracmnt of il b>u«d 
from (be ouUtor f«r Um UlKarfc* 9f tbs la w ncd. 



Xt. 23. 



time, hi* competitoni in poetry, he lookc<l 
up with s degree of fond aud wtmiring 
dereretict;, fur wliii-h his ignoraoce of his 
own intellectual stren^i alone could ac- 
count ; and the example. 05 well as tastes, 
of these joun^ writcTB bciop mostly on the 
side of cMahluhcd iiuidiU^. their authority, 
ma long •« h. influenced htiii, would, to s 
certaia degree, irrttrlere with his striking 
confidently uito luiy iil-w or origtmil path. 
Thai some rcniuins of this hias, with a little 
Iconins. perlia|M, towards school recollec- 
tions ', niay have had n share in prompting 
his pre f e r ence of the Uoratiim PamiihraM', 
is by no means improbable ;— at least, that 
it was enough to lend him, untried as he 
had yxt been in the new jiuth, to content 
himself, for the prc^nt, with foUuwisg up 
hti success in the old. Wc hare seen, 
indeed, that the manuscript of the two 
rantos of C'hilde lliirold tiad, prc\TOu.slv to 
its being placed in the hands of Mr. Dallas, 
been submitted bv the nnlilc author to the 
perural of MUiie trieud^-tlie Brnt and only 
one, ic appears, who at that tijne had seen 
them. Who tills fiutiiliuus critic wiia, Mr. 
Dillas hns not mentioned ; hut the swcqiing 
tone of censure in which he convened his 
Kmarkf) w as such as, at any period of bin 
Cireer, would have disconcertcil the judg- 
Bcnt of one. who, years aAer, in oil tlic 
plenitude (if bin fame, confetified, tlmt " the 
depreciation of the lowest of maokind wait 
•lore painful to him than the ap])lau£c of the 
hiftheat was pleasing."'' 

Though oQ cverv thing thnt, after his 
arrival ut the age o^ manhood, he produced, 
lone mark or other of the nuLstrT-liHiirl 
nwy be tniccd ; \ct. to print the whule of 
his Pamphrase or Horace, which extends to 
neirlyHiX) linun. would Itc. at the bett, hut 
a questionable compliment to lus memory. 
TTiiit the reader, however, may be enabled 
tn form sonn? opinion of a performance, 
vfaich — by an error or caprice nf judgment, 
uoeuunple'd, pcrhajw. ia tJie ajinals of lito- 
ntore — its author, for a time, preferred to 
Uie gublime musings of Childc Harold, I 
iball here select a few ttuch iMSKages from 
the Paraphrase a» may Acem calculated to 
p-xe an idea as well of its merits ns its 

I Oi^.uadar lb* tefluenca ota •liaBar inwUlactiaD, 
[Mdmd. tor • lotif iitite, hU Latin po tw i Ia tboM by 
IM hm falnad rarit k ttaUoa In KogUih Ubnttire. 
«« atirtbuU Ud)." mjt MMon, " to lila Iw*1d( 
■dwaM u EWn, or to whsl Mb«« cjum ? C»rUln 
tkat vhen I firtt kiww Mm, faa iccmnl tu tet a 
valur on hli LaUa puttrj Oun on that which be 
mmiiMwl is Ui nalhw luciaaa." 

The opetung of the poem is, with re- 
ference to the original, ingenious : — 

" Vnui wotiU not Ituffi If lAwrvtwa, bind to grace 
Hli ouailf cainM whh nuta ■utar'd toco, 
AbUM^l hU art, UU Nature wiUi ■ Uuab, 
Saw dU grow croUurt ut>d<Tn«<«ili liii hriiib ? 
Or ihniild MMne lUnim' join, (or ikow ttt Ml«r 
A nuhl or hgoour to m nwrauld'i uU ? 
Oi low DnhMt (aa aoai tbr WDrtd haa toon) 
l>agrada fiod'a ciMBiri In hit gn|ible tplavs t 
Nm all thai fcmi poMmwia. whlcii tUtaida 
Foab In ibdr Ihuica, tanld )(■« taU Brtnnlns Meoda. 
BeltoTfl tM), Hiixhut *, llkr ilioc [ilclurr Kcini 
The book. » hMt. Ml\m thao a ilck nian'i drcum, 
DitpUf * a rrnwri t\t Ofcurni InrwnpMe, 
VocUc nfihunarca, «)Uiout haad or hat." 

The following is pointed, and felidtously 
exprewed ; — 

" Tbm gitdr duwn Grab .Strcrt, tntiag and forfot, 
Ijimh'd Into L^Hhe lij: lAcne quoiut Rcttow, 
WlioM) wit li nrrcr IniuLleaoiBa 1111 — tnia." 

Of the graver parts, the annexed is a 
f«vouml)Ie specimen : — | 

" Npw worili tad cmtU In tbeae Latter dajrs, 
If nptalj fraft«<d on a t laUlc phnae ; 
What rciauTM', SiwniM', did. wv tcaroe reAiaa 
Ta Drjdm'i or tu IVpe'* matiLret luiuc. 
If jou can add a Uttla, $»j wbjr not, 
Ai wall at William Vin and Walln- Scvtt, 
Slat* Uicjr. by forcr gf rbjmu, nd tma at Icnct. 
Kiiiiih'd Mir Uland** lll<will«d tmcoM ? 
"Ita thm, and <h*ll b#. la«1\i) to prMCOt 
R^laTOt In wrllinK a* tnparllainitiit. 

" A> tontu ibH th<iir ftitUfa by diym . 
Sv Wc csirrn*ii>r» wdlch In le Ji OO plwt ; 
And wa aod <i«r*. olai ; are dna lo tua. 
And warkaand wmdi but dclmllr to a dale. 
Tboa(b. at a imnurcb nod* anil camracrm ralli. 
luipctuwia rivtia at>fiiaio lii cjinali ) 
Though twanipi lubducd. vid mar*lM4 drain 'tl uiatala 
Thr ytra,tj plncRbiliiupand llic^Mlow grain ', 
And riling port! aloop lb« biuj' ibon 
Prvttrt lb« tei»«l rrom old Onwu'a roar — 
AD. all miiit parlili. But, taTr\<rta§ laii. 
The loir (if iHiert l)«ir pnienM the |i«tt : 
Trun, — acnud«ca}', jtl not a Ittr ntrrlvc. 
Though Iboa* aball tJnk which now afijiear lo Ifarlrv, 
A> euatom atWtrataa, whoM thIIUng awajr 
Otir life and lanftnat* nuatallkw'tlwy." 

I quote what follows chiefly for tJic sake 

of the note attached to it ; — 

■' Satiric rbftnc Hrit tpranf from trilUk iplem. 
Yuu danbt ? — Saa Drydan, Fopc. St. Patrkk't Dean.* 

" Blank vena la now wHh one conaenl allied 
To TrtRodr. and rani; quit* bar ilda t 

* One&f themanBMr^iiotBiOf LonlBrron on Mr, 
D'tariMlt'i work, alrsady rcftrrad to. 

s (*• Hobliouar," (n lh» fwl^na] MS.] 

* " Uae npckDoo, tho Dvadad, and all Hwllt'i lanv- 
poonlnc baUadi.— Whatrrer thetr ottfr wntk» nutj- be, 
tiKM- crlglnalfd In pcrMmal ftcUnp and angry rrtort cm 
unworthy rival* t and though tlw aUllty of Uim* aatlrea 
dvraxaa tba poatJcal. Hialr poignancy delneta ftiNB tha 
pctMOAlt f**"^*" •rib« wrlt«n." 





Ttiossli nad Aiamaxar riiTioed la DitiImi'i Amj*, 

Ho riin-OTig ban) raaU ht modern pUy » ; — 

WblU maiU rt Ooawdf Imt tstm fanvM 

For jMt umI pun !■ i«f7 mldiPtiic ptOM. 

Noi ttitt oyr B«» or StwDiaaM pbov die wocw. 

Or loM (MM poifx bMaoMi tbqr wrote tn r*na { 

Bui to TliAlU |tlMSM u> appear, — 

focir vlrgiD ! — daiui'il wwm t««i^ tfanM a jmr I " 

Tliere is more of poetry in the fijUavritig 
verses upoa Milton than in aay other passage 
throughout the Poniphrnse : — 

" * Awikm a louder >od « lonicr itraln.* 

And. pnv, «bal Mlowi frusn liU botltng brain ? 
Ua alnlu lo Switbtf't 1«*«1 in a trk*. 
Wboa* t|4c nanntaln* oavvr Ml to Mkw I 
Not M orjrot* awok* jroor mighty ilra 
Tte mnperM warttllnci oT hb maaUr ln« ; 
Bod ai Um cottar brauUng of Iba lata. 
■ Ot man'* llrft itliabedknef and lh« rrutt * 
Ke ipeak* ; Lot, *m bU (uttjnct tarlli >li>n|[- 
K»rUi, llnaron.anil llaito*, ccIio wich tlieaons." 

The nnoexcd sketch contains schdc lively 
touchef : — 

" Beboldblta. FrtahiBaa ! — roKcd no nor* to groan 
0'«r f ir«U'i darllUb Ttraaa >, and — kli own i 
Pi«jer« arc too Cedloai, tec ltiffi too atMtrvao, 
Me (Ilea (hnb Tarcll'a * frown to ' Fordhan'i Hawa v 
( UnlucJi; Taretl. dootri'd to tUIIj ram 
llf (lusttiiilr [luplU aitil tiy Iirart !7 
line*, tutor*, tuk*, cuotaulkicu, tiiraat In lala, 
Brrur* liinin<]», hitnt«rs, and Novniarkct plain : 
Hou|b mth hli rldm v arhh hli eqnaU rub i 
Clitl to diarpera, proiUgal aCatb. 
Fool'd. plllagod, datwd, bo ■»■[« hU tcrtni ava; ; 
And. uaaxpeU'd perlu|<a, rvtlr«a M .%. : — 
Maatar of Arti I — «« UtUt and Diibt' prorlalm, 
Wbere acarcc a black^lr; bean a brightet oaine. 

** Xounch'd Into tir«, kxdnrt hl> fatir Are, 
Ha a|iM tha wlStb pn>let»cr of bU «lrti ; 
UuTiu for Daantj ; chnciut frlfodt for rank ) 
Hufi land. Ami tlirrwill)- triiiU DOttO the lUntk ; 
tin* in the MTtat^ : grtt a ton and bclr i 
s«nilt him to lUrrow — for binurir wai thata j 
Mule Ihoufti hp (din. iinlcti etiHi nll'il to cb49er, 
HtsKNi'iio ■harp — be'U »cc tb« dof a pMi I 

" Uiuiliood d«dlan i a^p palile* rrny limb i 
Ha quid LtM K«ia. or «!*• tho fceoe quit* hln ; 
ScrapM VMlCb. o'or eadi departing penny grteraa. 
And Avartn Mdata all Anbldon l«am i 
Coontt cent, per Mot., and waUn, or ralnlj fr«U 
OVr hoard! dlmtalah'd bf yoong Uopctal'a dafau ; 
Wdglia well and wlarir «hM b> MB or Mr. 
Complete In all Bft'> Iwaoni .^ but India i 

' " HarrcT. the eiratltdar of Ihc nVm'almn wT tbp 
blood, mad to dim ana? VircU In bU •nm; at admlfa- 
llon,and mj 'the book badadaiil.* Naw.ffach acha- 
racier a* I am mtirlnfl would probably fiing U aaay aljo. 
twl rallMr wUh tlut the drrtl had tha book ; aot from a 
dbllkatotbe [wH. bill > vrlt-fbuiidarf horror of baxainc- 
ten. ladnd. the pibUc-ichool pMuwce of ' Long and 
Short' I* anougl) lo hfgrt an anttpathf to poetrr for llie 
rMtiloe ot a tnao't Ufr, and pertapa %o Qir niaj bo an ad- 

* ITIip Re». Oorge 'faT«Il wu a CrUov ud tutor of 
Trlnlljr College. Cambrldgp. during L«rl Bfroii'i reil- 
dOKc. and vai to dt t ced for lUi DoUoe to the i«al wicb 

Pearlili ad apUnhl, dottnc hard to plaana. 
ConmiaHJlBf «»T thna ww ttnta Hkn tbato i 
Craad, qaorulniu. StmakMi. Iiair fervtf. 
Sxptraa nnwopt, U buried — hs Urn nx I " 

In tpeoking of the opera, he says: — 

•• Hence llic pert thupkeeper, vbote throbMag ear 
Adiea vlth orcbaatraa wtilcb be par* ^ bear, 
Whan akanio, not ijmipalhr. forbid* to roorv. 
Bk BDgllllll doablad by hia own * encore ! * 
8i]ue«tcd In - Fop'* AUcy.' joftted bf the baaiu. 
Teued wtlb hi* bal. and tranfallog far bli tnea, 
5kert» omtlr* ihtiiuKfa Ibc nticfat, nor Uicea of flaH 
TUI Uie dropp'd curUIn gtrei a Rtad rdcskc : 
Wliy IhU and more hi^ •uffim, can jt f^f** f — 
DccauM It CDita hlin dear, and makM blm drcti I ** 

The cuiu'liuliiig coupltt of the following 
Uaca is tunusingly characteristic o( that mix- 
ture of fun nntt bitUTness with which their 
author soinctiuies s{ioke in conver-sation ; — 
so much so, that those who knew hUii might 
almost fancy they hear him utter tlit worti* : — 

" But ererr tliiux hat ImilU. nor it't unknown 
Tho harp* and fiddle* oReii luac their tone. 
And wayinard Tolce* at Uieir owitcr'* call, 
Willi all bU baat eodMvoan. oolf aquaU i 
Dogi bUak ibcir carer, *bU vKUhM IIw fptrii. 
And doable barTob(diBntlui4 nto iMr nmfc 1" * 

One mure passage, with the humoRMU 
note appeiiitcd to it, will comfiletc the wbde 

amount of my fuvcuruhle speciniens ; — 

" And that'i enough — then write and print w &C — 
1( Satan take the Madmoit. who'd be tan F 
Thej ftona tba typea, thar pablUb one and aM, 
Iticr leap the eouatar, and tber loava the itell i — 
Prorindal maUena, mtn of U^ oonunand, 
Yaa. bcu^tict*. ha*« ink'd the Dluody hand 1 
Ca«)t (-anmit qiirtl tlirtn— Folllo * play'd ihla prank; 
(Then I'hcrbut Ant (mind erodlt In a bank i> 
Nm all ibi! Uving enlr. bat llw imd 
Fuol iH>. at UukU m m OrpkMi' batd I 
Dunu'd all' their daft, tber poatkninoualr ihflt'*! 
I>Lig up from duat, tbotigti burled wbao alleo t 
Keriewi reconl thlt •ptdenUe rrtaM, 
Tboie ChmiIu of ntartj-ra to the rage tor rhrsw : 
Alai I »o« woith tba fcribblrr, oftao Men 
In Muming Foal oe Uoothlr Uagailaa I 
Then Luik hJi earllar lar<. bat •oao, bot-prHn'd. 
HMiold a ijuano t — una muit tell tba rtit t 
TbcalM*e.j«wlaa,tbelfre'iprecarlQu* chorda 
To ■tuaa.nad baronota or madder lord*. 
Or countrr Crbpla*. now ftumn lemewhat Kale, 
Twin Do^ nil&jirei*, dniah with Doric ata 1 

wkMibehadprotaaled againti tome JuveKlla *agarteia 
alreodr explained. 

> " * llell,' a gamlng-bouae ao callrd, when yon rlifc 
UIUb. and nro e h anloJ a good deal : ' Club.' a planaanl 
purralorr. where yag loae man, and are not rappoMd U 
bechntod bI ^I." 

• - A* Mr. Fopa took die UhMtf Of duMibw Bmmw, 
to wluun he wai umb-r itrvat obllgarioaa^ ' And RamtT 

( danut him } call ■ * — 1 1 may be prannnnd that any tiodr or 
eny thUig B>ay be domnnl In rene by pwdral Ikenoa i 
and In cmie efaccMeat, t beg leatc to plead rollluilrlona 
a preredrat." 
> [la Uie original US. " A«era."] 





Bart 19 IhOM MIM, ureotlcallr tott, 

Tbt caMilar-lmiMMi (toe u Capal Lofll ! " ■ 

From these select specimen<i, which coin- 

pnae, altogrlhcT. tittle iiiori' than im eii^hlh 

t the whole pocii), the reader may be en- 

1 to form some notion of the rciiiiiiiiiirr, 

I JA. far the mofit part, uf a very inferior 

Itr, and, in some parts, descenilinit to 

llepths of tlojp^re!. Who, for iiiatuiit'e, 

rkU trace the hand of B\Ton in such 

" poae; fhngctl with rh^tnc," as the follow- 

I fe S«Ut'* bulU t ttU «rtt bull nudt tbgm pui 
b'd tqrMll. Mts ButcMrm lludatrfat, 
t anthor U [<t.tbaji* the Gnt kc meet 
■ Aon Bar cvuplat tnpf'd twa Oual (ret i 
^ !■■ In Mit dnn tba loocn Biw 

n m>*M. A fevOHrite oftbo Nhw. 

* nn(li, m In* view, vlftil fMt mar K«Mn In rain 
Tona'd. am In aiea. In bev t Hriout mtbId, 
7(1 Scrtt 1m> tbowB nor wondrrliiK Ule of Utr 
TMi MMMB ArlBb Mt frca a Ui«nac of w«l|bt, 
io^ T «i <«A>ftllly. tarywc* br 
Svale riqmM, but nxMl In lotn or war, 
W1iM« Sutliwdaii*. lender ur kublimt. 
At* nub'd too much b^ iaa§ rontrrtng rhpsie. 

" lit Midi, I io not hntnt. at giedlf care 
IV tnni Mbo aor Sr« EnsUih itrallcri wen. 
Or V— tU rM4 recHnd Ihr rftn^t an — 
Ow Hum— Hka that of TbMplj — jLepi Acut. 
■■1 ItiU U Mmbt, tlBM not .Hhakiju-Arip** dArt, 
Tbfii'i pony iBda^. If llitbt rite, In pUjr* ; 
I(« will Mdpa ww nt wcrad her throne 
WlUioul falyb t u b. wtiliff jiltinii, anil Brittol lUiiiv. 

'WlHn b tbal Urtai lanctHfe wUcIi eould daltn 
fbctle tMfv, w phOoMpble Hum, 

* Tlib wiOHWMlltii fCBtlMDaD hu (poilt Knn» »- 

. tni brvn acn-uary to tl»> piirtlcal 

!■( flf SMDy of the bidiutriaiu pnnr. Nattinnirl 

and bit brnthpr Bobbr t>a><> «ot all 8iiincrH-L- 

Mm (iMlKf ■ ^'<>T li^ U>« nuLtdj- conOixd lUcIf to oan 

Vntt, IO« (who OHM iras wiwr), hM (Wight 

nf palrnnat*. uiil dcmr*'' * tx**" Mlaw, 

MMifccfcatl. lalo poriry i Inil In Oed dtirtiv tivr ope- 

rhdil icd two vokimM of * B«inalDt ' 

Tbe tiri. If ibo donl take a portfca) 

ftvUi M a •hnmuUni Sapirfin, may iki 

Um - TraiMllm ' ar« a* ftclutr a* If Ibr; bad 

oOfrlnc oT an EvI or a RflatooUn prlie-pm-t. 

of Ihia poor 1b4 ar« tntalnljr iiti>vfniMi< frtr 

llOUStittnbvanindlEtaMenffMire. Itm ihli 

kth^laact thrr ttarvdone; for, by a tcflncmnit oftiar- 

hrtji.UMT hiTx madatba (late) man pi>*thumuu«lyrJtU. 

BrtMk by pf IMinr what hr wnuld hirr had tenir rnoiifch 

IMaioprlvt bb»M<U. Crrtiia, Ihrie raltrr* of ' ll«niaIiM ' 

tmm vd«r thr uaiulr asaliwl r«»ui/r«irtlun-iB«n. What 

^mtitultjf wheltacr apoovdrar dead dunca l« tu Ue 

^afcap h) Ku*KwotM' at In Slathifleta' Hall ? !• It to bad 

A hia boue* ai Ut btoodm ? U It not beiin- 

Ml tiv^r <» * bcath ll»a hb wul ts an octovD ? 

Va know wim <n arc, Int wc knew not whu we nuf 

k Ic 10 beboprd «*tir*^t ihull anan 

■■nad Ihroush lift a^thaaort oricIuUlslInd 

a wnwMahw fc w tho Mbn tU« of Sljx, aad 

tela. Uk« iMor Joe Blackelt, the laUBUng^tlock of pur. 

■IM}. Th« ptaa of pnhlkatkNi li to prorid* lur the 

Ml Xa*, alffai not Maw of Ihta ' lutor ultra ctvpU 

If all our bardi, in«r« patlmt ofdaUy, 
VVquIiI ttup likv Po|>e to potith hjr Iba way ?" 

Ill tntciii^ the fortiines of men, it is not 
n little curious to observe how oUcn the 
counw of n whole life has depciidoJ on one 
sin^li? attrp.' HuiI Lord H^ron now per- 
Kititcd in his original purpose of giving this 
poem to the prew>, iiisfrad of Childc llupold. 
It is more than probable that he would luive 
Ikjch lost, as s trreat poet, to the wtwld. 
Infexior as the Paruphntse is, in t-verj' re- 
speit, to his former Satire, and, in Nome 
places, (Ten descending below the k*vL-l of 
undcr-graduatc vcrsifiem, itn iiiiliire, there 
can hv Itltic doubt, would have beiin I'cr- 
tain and signal ; — his former assailants would 
have rejiumed tlit-ir ailvantitcL- over him-. 
and either, in the bitterness ol his mortifita- 
tiun, he wotild have fliin^ C'hilde Uarold into 
the fire * ; or hud he auniinoned up sufficient 
confidence to piibtiiJi that poem, its recn>> 
tion. even if xiifficicnt to retrieve him in the 
eyes of the public and liis own, cuuld never 
have, at all. resembled tliat e\|)lnsirtn of 
KuectiMS, — that instantaneous and universal 
acclaim of udminition into which, coming as 
it were, fresh from the Ifluil of sniif!, he now 
surprised tlie worhl, and in the midst of 
which he was borne, huoyant and .telf^issiired 
along, through a succession of new triumphs, 
each more splendid than the last. 

Uappily, the l>et(er judgment of his fricoda 
svertea such a ri&k ; and he »t len^ 
coiutunted to tlie immediate publication of 

dam'i' frlrad* and mdniTM luix- done a d(«rat actloo 
wtlbnul biTnlf ttor Pratt Inio biograpbr ? And thoii. hIa 
tRM'rlptinn* >)il(t Into *o itntif muaUcani I * To the 
Uuchtii ol So Mitrii. the Rixht lloobU. Sa-MoAni, aad 
Mr«. aiid MSu Somebody, thew Tolnnim arc,' Ac. Jtc. 
Why, thli Ii dollof out th« ' tott sallk of ikdicatioa ' In 
gO\n \b*tr U but a quart, and hn dtrUn (I amcinf ■ 
doMNL Why. FratI t hadu Ibou not a pulT Mt f dnal 
thou think itx bmatea oT dblloctioB can ifaaro Uili In 
%ik\et? Tharr it ■ child, a hook, and a dedkaUon I aend 
tho sirl tn h«r iracv, Uie rotuBuu to tba Brortr, and (ha 
ditdkatloit to the d-«-I." 

■ That hp blmtHf aKribatod every thlajt to ftirtiiDtk 
apprian frnm lh« rnllowlii(pattB«»tooaeirfMt}aanMlt! 
" Like Sylla. I have always brilevtd ihC all lMf«t 
dfipaod Upon rotluiir. aud nothtnc opun oonalTaa. 1 
am nM awar* of uiy ono thoufbt or actloa wonhy ol 
bdng eoll«d gooA to myieUor iithen. whlrh It nut to b« 
alUfliutallo llie food toddtti, l-'jarixit ; " 

* ["'He «atf «*••'«.* ona U aiK to psrlalm, on raulhif 
Ihb teuteoce. The Satire would bare fallen Mill. bom 
fraflt the pr*«t , bat thai hit former aaullatiti would 
have * retiUDcd Iheir adraataKO o*«r hbo.' we tea no 
roaaon to bclierD ; for men who bare tmai ttay^ atlve 
dorwtltk«lo«rc)tlii."— Wrttcn, IftW.] 

' ['Tho titUfc hr would?— No_* TVwrr J^roa.' 
He would ban LutanUy wTltlrn another uUrc— aiidu 
'/ittil itnUgmuiorrrnu,' It would hnrp iNvn a r«il-ho( 
bar (if LroB. UV cannot tx-Ucrr that tbe powrr i-( a 
wilf hty port rvuld lutr brvn imIiLmI by a tloglo durnble, 
boweier ImppoiluM."— /Mi.] 






Childc HunJd, — HtUI, however, to the last, 
expresfiiiijc; hbi doubts of its meriu, and his 
nliirm at the sort of reception it might nKct 
with in the world. 

" I did all 1 could," aaya his ailviscr. " to 
raise his opinion of this composition, and 
I Eucccedcd ; but he rarwd miu-h in his 
fwliiupi about it, nor was he, as will appear, 
at his ease until tlie world d«ciilvd on its 
mem. lie said apin and a^in that 1 wiu 
goini; to get him into a scrape with liis old 
vnemicit, and that none of tlitni would rejoice 
more thnn the Kdinburgh ReiHcwera at an 
o;>portumcy to humble him. He naiil T mu»t 
not put his luiiDC to it. I entreated liiiu to 
leBvc it to me, and that I would answer for 
tiiiH poeta silencing; all his cncnuea." 

The publication being now determined 
upon, there arose Bome <uN^ts and difficuUy 
an to a piddliher. 'Hioiij^ I^rd Rymn had 
intntitted Cawthorn with what he considered 
toheUissurcrcard, the "Hintafrom Horace," 
he did not, it .-teenis, think him of sutEcient 
station in the trade to i^re a sanction or 
fa.fhron to lii:t more hazardouii rxperiment. 
The foriner rcfu.«al of the Messrs. Longmiui ' 
to publish his " Engliah Bordsand Scotch Re- 
viewers" was not forgotten ; and he expressly 
tt^uhited with Mr. Dallas that the manu.'^cript 
abtnild not be offered to that hoiise. An np- 
plicftuon was, at firnt, maile to Mr. Miller 
of Albctnorlc Street ; but, in conseauence 
of the Bcverity with whieh Lord Elgin was 
treated in the [wem, Mr. tVlillcx (already the 
nublishcr aiid bookseller of this latter no- 
blemBn) declined the work. Even this cir- 
cumstaivce, — bo apprehensive was the poet 
for his fame, — be;gan to itsawakcn alt the 
qnalmn and terrors he hnij, at 6rit, felt ; und, 
hod anjr further diflicultie<i or olijcction^ 
arisen, tt ta more than probable he might 
have rclapHcd into hi:< original intention. 
It WAS not lone, however, before a pcrHon 
was limiid willing nnd proud to undertake 
the publication. Mr. .Murray, who, at this 
period, ri'Hiilcil in Fleet 8trect, having, some 
tiute lielore^ expres»ed a desire to be allowed 
to publish some work of !>ord B)Ton, it was 
in nls hand.'t thiit Mr. DnllaJi now placed the 
manuscript nf (Thildc Harold: — and tlius 
wan laid the first foundation of that coo- 
Bection lietwecn thiit gentleman and the 
noble poet, which continued, with but a 
temporary intemiption, throujthoui the hft^ 
tine of the one, and has proved an abundant 
lource of honour, as well as cuiolument, to 
the other. 

I The KmiTuli pit whicb tb* Ueun. Lmigmaa nftned 
to potallih hU LardAhlp'i SmIh voe ih« •rrrere ftil^^ 










TOWN»KNI»'s " AH»A<:K1>I>0N." MB. 


ROLO. — " nn ! banish cabe." 

While thu.<i bu5dly engaged in his IHenuy 
[irojcrtH, and hnnno;, besides, some law affairs 
to transact with Xiia agent, he was called 
suddenly away to Newstead by the intel- 
ligence of an event which seems to have 
aSccted hifi mind far mure deeply* than, ooD- 
siderin^ all the circumiitaaces of the case, 
could have been expected. Mrs. Bjntm, 
whose excessive corpulence rendered her, 
at all times, rather a perilous subject for 
illness, had been of late indisposed, but not 
to any alarming degree ; nor does it appear 
that, when the following note was written, 
there existed any grounds for appreheusioti 
as to her stale : — 

- HnWth'i Hotel. St. Jmin'i SUtvt. Londob 

July a. l»ll. 
•' My dear Madam. 

" I am only detained by Mr. 1Ian<iOQ 
to Bign some copyhold papers, and will give 
you timely notice of my approach. It is 
with gr<M)t reluctance I remain in town. I 
nhull puy a short visit as wc go on to l^n- 
caahire on Rochdale business. I shall attend 
to yoiu* dirvctioiin, of course, and am. with 
great respect, yours ever, " BrRON. 

" P. S. — Yon will consider Newstead 
as \ our houatc, not mine ; mid mc only as a 

On his going abroad, she hod conceived a 
sort of supcrsiitiouB fancy tliat sbt: should 
ne^'cr t»ec him again ; and when he returned, 
safe itnd well, and wrote to inform her that 
he should soon sec her at Newstead, sfae 
said to her waiting. woman. " If I ohould be 
dead before Byron comes down, what a 
strange thing it would be ! " — and so. in Cict, 

ItcaHmlnBdupanMt. aiwtbcjMd other* pfOtetrll to iw j 






it hoppened. At the t-n<l of July, licr illnem 
took A new and fatnl luro -, aiiJ, so sadly 
chAract^rutic w»g the close of tlic poor WIv'b 
Itle, that a fit uf ra^, brought on, it U said, 
bv rcodioj; over the upboUcercr'a bilU, wuh 
the iiltimnte cniiw of her tlcath. Lord 
Byroa had, ofeourac. pruuipt tncc-Uij^ciu-e uf 
the attack. But though he st^iried instantly 
from town, he w.-u too late, — idie hiid 
breathed her last. 

Ttie foUowiog letter, it will be perceived, 
wai writiis on his way to Newstead. 

Xicrrsi Mb 

TO on. PI GOT. 

" Newport r»sn«41, AngtHC !L lei I. 

** My dear Doctor, 

" My poor mother died yesterday ! and 
1 atn oa my way fmnitown Ut attend her to 
the family mult. I lieiird inu< day of ber 
aincM, the firji of her death. Thank Ood 
bcr last moments were moat tranquil. I am 
told Khti waii in bttlc pnin. and not nworc of 
her aittiation. I now feel the truth of Mr. 
fimy's obacnration, * That we can oidv have 
Me mother.' ' Peace be with her I \ have 
to fbaiik yoii for your expressions of regard ; 
■imI as in sh weeks I xhuU be in Lancafihin: 

00 business, I ntny extend to Liverpool and 
Che«ter, — at least [ shall eadeuvour. 

" If it will be any aati^faction, I have to 
iafomi you that in Norcmber next ihc Edi- 
tor of the Scuur<;e will he tried for two dif> 
ferent hbvht oti the late Mn. B. and myself 
(the decease of .Mrs. D. nlllke^ no ditTercnie in 
the proceedings ) ; luul an he is giiilty, by 
his very fotdiah urid unfounded aaKrtiuii of 

1 breatji of privilege, he will be proKCuted 
with the ulniost ricdur. 

" I infonn ytm of ihift. as you seem inter- 
Med in the atliiir, which is now in the bands 
aflhp Attnmey -general. 

** I bhall remain at Nevstend the preati^r 
part of thifi nicnth, where I shall be hn[jpy 
\o bear from you, after my two years* atMencc 
in the Eaat, I am, dear F^got, yount very 
lnj||. •• Byhon." 

It can hardly have escaped the obserr* 
' m of the reader, that the (general tune 
flhe noble poet's corre»[>oitdence with his 
er is that of n eon, performing, utriclly 
comirientiou^ily. what he deenu to be hit) 
r&ity. without tliemtennixture of any scnti- 

■ I hOM toot dlMOMnd « tblng very Mil* laoini. 

b Ist ttii la dim'i Uinta Uh mm cm nr*w hm nen 

I ikBCh ouKlHr. yoaaiarthbdttbli U otir1a«>, 

I wImI yati will call a iHtr nbtorrallnn. You htp ■ 
I (oallni I I wM «t tbe uxoe xgr (.rvtj near) u mliE 
q, aod)vt Innn dJicvxTnl ttil* (wiUi AiIIeiIiIpiic*' 
riMttrtctkM, I mnui) UU it wwUmUW. UUlhlrtarn 
I ifv, Mi «r»T7 da; I ll>r U *hiki tl«*ver U(« my 
."—Cray to ilr. tttaAaiU, Worki. nLLp. MS.] 

ment of cordiality to sweeten the tiuk. The 
tcry title of " Madam,*" by which he atlilrcases 
her, — and wliieb he but seldom exchnngea 
for the cndearinc name of " moihtu' '," — is, 
of itself, a suHicicnt proof of the ftcntiroenta 
he entertained for her. That Kuch .should 
liuvc been his dispoaitious towurds such a 
purait, can be matter neither of surprise 
or blame, — but that, not withstand in{; tlua 
ulienatian, which ber own unfortunate tcm- 
[H-r jiroduced, he should have continued 
tn consult Iter wishett, and minister to her 
i-cntirurts, n'ith bii^'li unliiilinf;; though ifulness 
Wi is evinced not oulv in the frequency of 
his lettere, but in tlic almost exclunivo 
niipropriation of N'ewntctul to her uee, re- 
dounds, assuredly, in no ordiuitry degree, to 
his honour j and was even the more strikingly 
meritoriouH from thi; abMiuce of that otfcctioa 
which renders kindnesses to a l>cluvcd ob- 
ject Little more than an indulgence uf selfl 

But, however estranged from her his feel- 
in);s must be idloweil to have l>cen nhilc 
she livc-d, her death iteenu to have restored 
then] initi iheir naturtd chamiel. Whether 
fruin u n^tiim of early fondncMi and the 
all-atoninft power of the gmvc, or ftom the 
pruMiec't (if that vnid in hin future life which 
this loM of his only link with the [tiuit would 
leave, it i» certain thnt he felt liic death of 
hix mother acjielv, if not deeply. On the 
night after hi.i arrival at >'ew!<1ead. the 
waiting-woman of Mrs. Byron, in paKHing 
thu diK>r of the rtiom where the dcccoseu 
ladv hiy, heiu'd a Kuimd a» of some one 
signing heavily from within ; and, on en- 
tering the chamber, found, to her surprise. 
Lord Byron, Hitting in the dark, beside the 
bed. On her representing to him the weak- 
ness of thus givinp way togrief. he hurst into 
tenpi, imd fxclaimcd. " Ob, Mrs. By, I had 
but one friend in tbc wirrld, lutd she is gone !" 

M'liile his real thoughts were thus con- 
fided to silence ami dsrkncMs, there wa<i, in 
other [torts of his conduct more open to 
olwcn-ation, a degree uf eccentricity and 
indcCDniin which, with Buperficial olMcrvers, 
might well bring the senKibiUty of his nature 
into question. On the morning of the funeral, 
having declined following the remains him- 
self, he stood looking, from tlic abbey door, 
at the procession, till the whole had moved 
off*; — then, turning to young Ruahton,who 

3 In tiuoy Initntim, Ihr mnthrn of IHiutilnui piwM 
luiTC IiMl reason tu be |iri>uil no int of ttiu aflrcUoo ttaui 
uf lhf> i[lnr>- of lUAi Mint , knJ T«i»m», Fdpw. Cf»j, m4 
Cowper, BIT amoaB Ihece (nvmoratili vKimpI*) of BlUl 
tenileriM-M. Ip Ihr In^r (loera* ot Tauo. ttxTP ue f>iy« 
Uilnjti M Ixmuilftil w bli ^naifann. In d» Caaivn*! to 
Ute MoUUro, v( liti tnt parting wf Ui lili nother : — 
" Me lUl MB <MU madn on^ flpttUBS 
fuiolettd dhrctH." Jko, 






was the unl,v penton Idl betiulis humcir, he 
desircil hiin tofeich the apurrinp-glovcs, and 
proceeded to ItU Uftiiul exerctte with the 
hoy. He vtnm ttilent fuid atwtnirted nil the 
time, and. iis iT from un cflort to get the 
better of liii* feeline?, thn-w more viiilfiu-t*. 
RuHlitun tliought, uito tiu blows thoii was 
hii bubit ; but. nt Inst, — the struggle svcin- 
ingtoo much for him, — he flung awuy the 
gloveii, and retJrisi to his room. ' 

Ol' Mrs. BjTon, sufficient, perhaps, hiw 
been ri'Intnl in thcM- pa^CN to viiuhle the 
rcaiter to form fultv his own opinion, as wvU 
with respect to tfic character of this Ituiy 
herself, an to the degree of infliicnrc her 
temper and conduct may bare exercised on 
those of her son. It was said by one of 
the most vxtraonliiiarv of men ^ — who was 
hiuixelf, as he avowcJ, principnlly indebted 
to mutemal culture for the unexnmpltrd de- 
ration to which he subsequently rose, — 
thut "the fijture eood or bad conduct trf 3 
child depends entirely on the mother. ■• How 
ftf the iCftTcn that sometimes mixed itself 
with the better nttture of Bynwi, — hbi un» 
certain and wayward iiupulfccs, — his defi- 
ance of restraint, — the occnsiouoi hittcmcwt 
of his hate^ and the precipitance of htit re- 
amtments, — may have lisd their origiii in 
his early collisions with mntemo! caprice 
and violence, is an inipiir}' for which suffi- 
cient materials hare been, tHThups, furui.sliL-d 
in these pagrs, but which cverj' one will 
decide u|M>n, according to the more or less 
wcisht he miiy uttribute to the iuflucnre of 
ntcn cuu^e^ on (he Ibnrwtioo of character. 

That, notwithstanding her iiyudidous and 
coane treatment of him. Mn*. B^mn lovnl 
her son, with that sort of fitful londncM of 
which nlonr such a nature U capable, there 
can be little doubt. — and still le>s, that the 
was ambitiouidy proud of him. Her anxiety 
for the succc?** of his first litenuir essays 
mj be collected from the pains which he so 
oooddencdy took to tranqoillise her on the 
appeai an ce of the hostile article in the Ke- 
Tiew. As his Aune began to brighten, that 
notioa of Im future greatness and ^too* 
which, by a singular (brecast of supmbtton, 
she had entertained from his rery chiklboodf 
becaiue proportionidily coa&rzDed. Ever)- 
mention of him in |uiiit was watched by her 
with caRcmesa ; and she luul ^t liuiind to- 
gether m a vohuoe, which a friend of mine 

■ [" lf«*«rllMKWMo«nKdMB*«nwldckkvM)U 
b» Mfo Vt fevB on aattoB of ■ aMU'i «bola thatwrvr, 
wtwof iiiawfy dws lM» !■ ttac <»d». EutUnit 
Mluitf taflMi>— tte (ona << Mrftty to ckMk, u4 tb« 
yMli« if Omt to M|Mh^ ttrtr aw, - Ibr miMy "( 
MaMtaw tollwilaiw •( Imwi ami ntei, and tfta vcvud, 
ira «niw «MT iTtofrtUM >Uch dirt towt 


once saw, a collLTtion of nil the litertiy 
notices that bad then appeared of his earljr 
Pfwms and Sjitire^ — written over 00 the 
margin witli o1»scr\-ation8 of her own. whicii 
to my informant appeared indicative of much 
more acnhe hihI iihility than, from her getwp«l 
character, we should bo inclined to attribiia 
to her. 

Among those lesser traits of his condiirt 
through which an olwcrver can trace a 6lial 
wish lu uphold, and throw respect around, 
the station uf bin motlier, may be mcntionnl 
his insisting, white a boy, on tx-ing culkd 
" George Byron iiordon " — pvtng tberfb> 
precedence to the maternal name, — and 
ni.H continuing, to the but. to address hcrss 
" the Honourable Mrs. B\too.*' — a mark 
of rank to which, he iniiht Iiare been aware, 
slie had no claim whulL-ver. Neither floesit 
appear, that, in his habitual aianuertowanls 
her, there was any thing denoting a wanto^ 
cither atTection or deference. — with thea- 
ceptiori, perhaps, occasionally, of a KHor* 
what greater degree of familiariiy than com- 
port<4 with the ordinarv notions of BHoI 
respect, Thux, the uMial name be calltiJ 
her by, when tbcy were on good-humoureti 
lenus togrther, was "* Kitty (iordon ;" mi 
I hfl%c heard an eye-witiK'«» of the scene Jt- 
itcrilw the look of arch dramatic humour, 
with which, one day, at Southwell, wbot 
they were in the height of their theairtaJ 
rage, he thrrw open tlic door of the drswifii;- 
room, to admit his mother, saving, at tk' 
same tinw. "Kiiti-r the Hunourable Kitlj." 

The pride of birth was a feeltt^ conuaao 
alike to motlier and son. and, at tmies, era 
iKTimie n point of rivahy between them, frani 
their respective elaimii, English and S'oich, 
lo high lineage. In a letter wrinen by him 
from Italy, referring to some anecdote which 
hts mother had told him, he wvs, — " Nv 
mother, who vras as haughty as Lucifowiin 
her descent from the Stuarts, and her f^it 
hne from the oid Gordoiu, — nttt the St^vn 
G^irttons, as Uie dii»dainfiilly termed ths 
ducal branch, — told me the story, alwajs 
reminding me how superior Arr GonloM 
were to the southern Byrons, notW)thstaa<U 
ing our Norman, and always masculine, dfr- 
scent, which has never b^Med into afemaki 
as my mother's Gordoiu hcHl done m bcr 
own person." 

IC lu be able to depict powerfully the piift* 

inlrbMlw,— mlMtvaUtMteww. btoapWank 
' Wlntr'rrLcrniMll^ltoadi'd vUfaaoft>ata|ln>> ] 
Of MncK Kan4»hU* 
ar« bMuilflilty Mrf ftMMIjr WBUtocd. Xocl 
cMUhM««M(i#fi«MAasaM."-OMr>.Ji*.MIJ ' 



lol emotionft, it is occcssary first to have 

cxprricncetl them, or, in other words, if, for 

I tllB poet to be great, the tn:ui must sulfer. 

Lord B^Ton, it must be owned, paid enr1y 

this dear price of mastery. Few as were 

I the tics t>y which his affections hulil, whctlier 

I or without the circle of relationship, 

I now doomed, within a <<hori gpace, 

the raokt of them swrpt away liy 

. I Besides the I06& of his mother, he 

I iHdlo mourn orer, in quick tnicceitsion. ttie 

untimely fiualhies that curried off, within a 

I few wedu of each other, two or three of hU 

I WKot lored and mlued friends. " In the 

ihort tpact of one month," he kavs, in a 

iKtte on Childe Harold, "" I hnve lost fier 

I who ftate n>e being, and most nf tliose who 

that beiui* tolerable." 1 Uf these 

; Winjtficid, whom we have seen high 

i lilt of his Hjirrow favourites, died of 

r atCoimbni ; and Matthews, the idol 

ddoiiration at college, was drowned 

I vfa3e bttlliiDf; in the waters of the <.'iun. 

The followiug letter, «Titten iinniedialcly 

I Aet the latter event, licara the impreiwi of 

moftg fend even aconued fecline, to s.ui:h a 

' itm renders ic airaost painful to read 


" N««it«Ail AlAiej, AagiiMl. IHIl. 

" My (fnreet Davics. 

** Some cur»c bangs over mc and mine. 
I Hr mother Uex a corpse in this house ; one 
uf my best friends ih drowned in a ditcb.3 
WTlal can I t>av,or think, or ilo "' I received 
I letter from hun the day before yesterday. 
"fdemr 8crope,if you can ttpare a moment. 

I a Mtor, wrUtm Mvivn (vo and thrw nvntlii 
• BO<b«T^ dosUi. be ttatM no l«u s nuiabw t1ua 
t.all MmtUor retaUTH, wtio hadlwncDUchnJ 
I n«V frvM Ua bjr dsaUi botwns MMf and Ibc end or 

* In •■■dagalloa of Ui« i>irt« iiuoM lo lb« Inl, he 
I apaf MMltovi—'' HI*povin i»f mind, thovnin thr 

', of (tmUi boouun, »g»itM Uie aibtt nt** 
I MW*. tllM thoM of uijr gradtut* on rMord U Can- 
I M^ hm raSctoBlIf c*tablUh«d hb (ubk on tlt« ipot 
t k WW ae^ntnd" One of the cAodliUt^. xbut 
, vw Hr. TbuoBt Banm. « grailL-nuii whoMt 
hH fcvpt tuiiy Ike protnue of hU r<niih. 
% Um nature of (lie rluniid* Uiiouffa whkh 
I mtancy Uboun lia«ii been directed, his gnu ulmi* 
I «xiauli«l)r knmra than Ui name. [Mr- 
I b !■■■■! lo ha«« been, during nan; jraan, a 
r aad Om priadpal Kdltor ot Ibi Tima Nm- 

* f" VUb bOUas to Iha Cam. tfaU pnicnUtng ronnir 
I |a( wiawfkd In the wreda. and tlimi|tli an 

MUmk iifiwii. wai dMWiwd III the fmrttte of Ihrte 
mimmn. «lia h«l U sot ta Uiclr pomtt to attlii htm." 

W^4 torn Ih* hMBCkn of Mr- Malthewt to oAr 
, If th* «uiU«| idcstUiD. foe tb« ualreraHy. In 

do come down to me — I want a friend, 
Matthews's laKt letter was written on i-Wa//. 
— on Saturday he was not. In aliility. who 
was like Matthews ? How did we nil shrink 
before hiniV You do mc but justice in 
saying, I would bare naked my pidtry ex- 
istence to have presenvd his. Thus very 
cvrninp did I mean to write, inniing him, 
us I invite you, my verv dear tirieiul, tii visit 
me. Ood forgtv-e • " • for his apathy ! What 
will our poor Hobhonse feel? rfis letters 
l>rcathc but of Matthews. Come to me, 
Scrope. I am almost desolate — lefl almost 
alone in the world — I bad but you. and H., 
and M., and lei me enjoy the survivors whilst 
1 can. Poor M., in Iiis letter of Friday, 
speaks of his intended contest for Cam- 
bridge', and a apee*ly journey to London. 
Write or come, but come if you can, or one 
or both. ■ Vours ever." 

C)f fliia remarkable j'oung man, Charles 
Skinner Matthews \ I luive already bad 
occasion to speak ; but the hi^h btation 
wliich he lietd in I^onl Byron's atfection and 
adniirati'cm may justify a somewhat ampler 
tribute to his memory. 

There have seldom, perhaps, started to- 
petlitu- in life so many youths of high pniniisc 
and hui)e tui were to tte found among the 
society of whith I*o,rd Byron formed a purt at 
Cambridge. Of some of these, thi- names 
have since ctnincutJ v distingui&he4[ themselves 
in the world, as the mere mention of Mr. 
Ilobhouac and Mr. William Bajikes is Hufli- 
cient 10 testify ; while in the instance of 
another of tliia lively circle, Mr. Scrope 
Davics'', the only regret of hii fnertds la 

refcimro to thta |Hirpaad. ■ nrnmncrlpt memdr of htm, 
now l)'lii|t Won ma, ea^ — " If atluiowledged and luc* 
cM4fiil tolt^nu — If jnlnclptei of the itrlcteat honour — If 
tlic derotlue of manf rrirndi cnuld havA lecnred Ui« 
lucoor of an ' IndepmdcDt pauper ' {u h« locularlf 
railed htnaotf in a IMter OQ tbe (u^Mft), the «Uloo ittould 
ha*« bMO re«llaod." 

* H« waa tha third km of the lata John Manhevi, 
E*q. of Brlnumt, HcrefnTdihire, repraentitfire ol tiiat 
COUDC7 ta tlie pvllament of 1M>^-j$. Tin amtaar of 
" Ttte DUiT Of aa laealtd." kIm hdUiwI; mucbod avajr. 
MM anotlHr lea of tlw moh gwitlwun, ai !■ llkniao 
the proeent Pretwndarjr of Hereford, the Il«r(n«id 
Arthur Matthewi. wbo, bj hli abiirtj- and attalnmeala, 
(lutaiiu vrortliilf tfav rvpulatloii of the naiBe. 

Tbe bthar of thU ucomplUtied family wai blmieir a 
man of nuMlitiabfciUient. and the author of icT«ral itn- 
BTowed poetlal iitooaa i om of vidch, a Parody of f opo'i 
Elolia, wrltlen In earlr fouth. hai been erroneouily 
aMTlhrd to tho l»Ui PrnCpitor rnivin, wlin \>at In Uio 
habit of rodlicif It, and even printed aa oditloo ot the 

* " One of the cleremt men I v*n kanr. lo eoarer- 
Miton, wn* Smpe Betdnote Davlrt. [lolitiotik* Ij a)M 
rrry good In that lloe, tluMij[h It li of Icm cnnKKincDcc to 
a mas wtio ha* tflwr mft ol ahowlng bU lalenta Xhta la 




, y In* ftin^ ■ Hi ■ fcr boiL 

Tbj^k^m mm m* 

ol kprnwait ami 


^tmt Smntmi W <W ti^iMiiij at Aote 

a— it th wtotiim mi ftfaadi, wfco wr the 

■KM nnl«t» i^Wl, awl, of coonc. Ism 

a«lfc« lurwhif or ifcooU 1 k 
dM I h«4 Mr iMk to Aloda Am 
iIm wigtoM ifkimt a 

I7 Bi iiailgiiliM fcb bctovaosr, hnwck 
hUirWldiln tCv>iriMSc«i(M oTtbe pobGc. 
had ODl tk« wmw kipraMioOt u 11 afipank. 
irfrwvfihM««|Miiai^<m dw witboritjr of 
l^onl llfroii. roMared 11 u act of laMioe to 
iMHh fritiid* to mnoff* dw Hyutrtlira. 
la lb* lattan to Mn. %n>i^ vrittea 

* ■* If Mm Htf*'* (^ ■"*< '^lUh l<MT •"■wrallr ^). 
tiMNvllUu /^«>i»i <f( AUutiii ti at Um hMdofllwAU)*- 
tUmt |wrl >rf lk>» Ui««& liHiuiiUJtin. lb *■• tDf 



The WnAJA ■mini «> he mM ■ pst 
or Che aAole; ■iiiiiaa| w the 4Aa mi 
iMdwrftWf mar LoiJa 

- To Hkolo Gasid «r AikM. ^i«t tf 
Fnaee; but ban ■ Gneoe, dv •■■ «f 
«*ca thMaand aoaadi aiarfia^ to ^F^ 
tnm Ac ade of wk fmm «r lUdhMiv 
Kcmiead, or dKvbere, at naf caaUe d« 
«id Xkoko Gtraud {raidart at JUbeas «d 
Malta in tlw year 1810) to rvcciic ifce 
abote sum 00 bu attaiau^ die afjt of tra^ 
one nara. 

•' To William Flettber. ioMpb ttoim 
and DexDcmus Zognflb' (nadrcofOmce). 

In !««. 1110. Iflll. Ul^ at JSmamtt taMnvk <tf Itai | 
rrmn ((or I Wl Ua ta GfWM «ka 1 1 

Hmuibnvtti. and aMsopaiM ■• ti E^ImA laNlK I 
lia Mtumtd lo Cnttt, tfrtag, I011. Ilr »u ■ tb*«< 
Ml nol a y pa f fwtfy ao vHM^ritlnr iii«tt i bul drca»- | 
■tatKU inafca man. UU Mra aoai (Ufls i&iuiuj 

JEt. 23. 



tfUmaafia pounds sterling. 
r5»Tiic clauni of 

lervattti, the sum of fifty potintlii pr. ann. 
c&eh, for ihcir imtiUTAl luua. To W"'. FIcu 
clier, the Mill at Newstead, on condition 
thut he (lavcth rent, but nut Kiihjcct to the 
CBfirice of* the hmdlurd. Tn K'. Kuithtuu 
the Mini of fifty pounds per ann. for life, and 
k further sum uf oni: tlHiiiwnd |K>uiidH on 
attaining the a^ of twenty -five years. 
** To J". Huuon, Edc(. the sum of two 

8. B. Davies, Esq. to be 
mrisfird on pro^'ing the iimount of the same. 
" The body of Lord B. to be buriL>d in 
the TBult of ihe gnrdcn of Ncwstcnd, with- 
out any ceremony or buriaWervice what- 
ever, or any insrnption, save hla name and 
9^. Ilia dog not tu be rciuuvrtl ffum tht.> 
aid vault. 

" My lilirary and furniture of eviay de- 
tiun lu my frienda J". Coin HohhouM;. 
, and 8. D. Danes, Esq., my executors. 
of their dcreaae, the Rev. J. Bechrr. 
uthwcll. Notts,, ami K. C. Dalliut, Esq., 
JortJidte. Surrey, to be executors. 
The produce of the sale ofWyiaondliam 
ja Korfolk. and the l:iU; Mnt. B.'ji Srotch 
', to be appropriated in aid of the 
it of dclits and legacieii," 

»mdiii|* Q copy of the Mill, framed on 
iuHtnictionA, to Lord Bynm, ibe so. 

- accuRipunied »orac of the tflatucs with 

nal queries, catling the attention of his 
cHent to points which he considered 

;ihcut or <[uc-'itionuhlc ; and ox the 

Sithv aoswera to these aug^cstiono arc 
^ y chfU-DCtcnatic of tlicir writer, I shall 
i give one or two of the clauses in fuU, 
the rc«pcctirc queries and aosweri an- 

"This i* the last will luid tcstiuucntofme, 
tKt. Hon**** George Ciorilun Lord Byron, 
I Byron uf Ilochdiile, lu the county of 
ister. — I desire thut my body mav be 
I in the vault of the garden of ^ew- 
I Mnd, without any ceremony or bijriul-ser< 
I whatever, and that no iu&cription, save 
nie and age, be written on the tomb 
llct ; and it is my will tJiut my faithful 
may not be removed tram the bald 
To the performance of this my por- 
uW deiiire, I rely on the attention of my 
I executors hcrcinaflcr named." 

atmtt* HOOmIm MiI AlHbUdM i may th* oravn tw 
I hippri"— JfS. JImthoI. 

■ Od Ibe dead) of U» hwUmt, a coMldenUv rani of 
I mearj. the mulitt oT tb* prtm ot tkc ctuta q( Clfhi. 
Mi fMkl inlo lili liwuU Uf brr iruOce. lUnNi Clark. 
i (Kbt lli<t «arvU wlilrb I hat* h«n placad bolween 
i lurtA Vlyna drew hk pto. 

**//*» tubmUted to Lord Bynm u\^tMtrtAu 
etaht^ rffatiiv to tlur ftttwrai hail not better he 
omitird. The lubttancc of it can he f^ven in a 
letter from ku Lorjtbip to llie execuioit, and 
acfttnpany tie tciU; and the ini/i may itate 
that the fuMTtU tJiali he ffrrfvrmed m neh 
manner at Am Lordsh^ may )ty letter direct, 
aitd, m default uf any atcA tetter, tAcn at the 
diteretion afhu ejeecatort!* 

" It must stand. "B.** 

" I do hereliy specifically ordw and direct 
thut all the claims of ihc said S.B. Danes 
upon me shall be fully paid and satisfied as 
Soon as conveniently may be after mv de- 
ccjisc, on his proving [by vouchers, or other- 
wise, to the satisfaction of my executora 
herciimfter named] '•> the amount thereof, and 
the correctness of^the same." 

" If Mr. Dtiviet has any uHMciUed chimt 
upon I^trd Byron, that cirpumffancr it a reatvn 
for bis not being n/tixxnted exrcutnr ; each 
etecutor hacinff an opportunity of vayins him* 
self liu owu dctit wit/iout coHtvitin^ Jw <»• 

" So much the better — if possible, let 
hini be an executor. " B," 

The two following letters contain further 
instructions on the same subject : — 

Larrn »7. TO MB. DOLTON. 

" NrwitcMl AbtM<r, Au«uit in. IMt. 

" Sir, 

" I have miswLTfd the queries on t&e 
maipn. ' I wish Mr. Davies'a cluinu to be 
most fully idtowcd, and, further, thut he be> 
one of my executors. I wwh the will to be 
made in a manner lo prevent nil diftcuwiun, 
if {H>ssible, nftcr my decease ; and this I 
leave (o >oii as a profcf^ionol geutlcnian. 

" With rcg:u-d to the few und simple 
directions for the disnosul of my eareois, I 
must hiive lhi.-m implicitly fulfilled* as they 
will, lit least, prevent trouble and eipense , 
^and (ifhut would be of tittle consequence 
to me, but may quiet the comtcicnce of the 
survivors) the garden is coHsetraied ground. 
These directions are copied verbatim from 
my former will ; the alterations in other 

Sinrt.<> have arisen Jrom the deutli of Mn. B. 
have the honour to be 
" Your most obedient, humble servant, 

•■ BVRON." 

> la ttaa cUuM oaumeradfis tba luunw lutd pt«(wi of 
abode ul Hie cxtH-uLun, ihe »ollcltur tuuJ IcR liLuika fur 
tti* CtirUtlaa tuiiin of Uihc jrntlrmni, ■DdtxiriL ll^-rim, 
bartng UllttJ up all but tba.t of Dmilu. «dtrt tn Ihe 
margin ~" I furc^t tbe CliriiUui namo of DalUu— cot 
liUn out." 

K 8 



LCTTtt M. 


TO HK. 80LT0K. 

" Newrtcad Abber. Austwt 10. IStl. 

" The yritnesses shall be prorideJ from 
amonirst my K'nunifl, and I shull he happy 
to see yuu tm any tluy most convenient to 
youracir. I fcrgot to mention. lliat it must 
be spceifieJ by t-odicit, or othrrwijic. thai 
my body is on no account to be removed 
from the vault where I linv<.' directed it to 
be placed ; and in cju*e any of my succes^rs 
witnin the entail (from bigotry, or otherwise) 
ini^t think proi>cr to remove the carcass, 
such proceeding t>h»U be attended by for- 
feiture of the estate, whieh in such case shall 
go to mv histtr. the Him"^ Augusta Leigh 
and her heirs on Kimihir cuiiditionK. I have 
tlic honour to be, sir, 

" Your verv obe^ent, humble senrant, 
" Btron." 

In consequence of this last letter, a pro- 
viso and dcelurution. in forifomiity with ils 
instructions, werr iiihiTteil \a the uill. lie 
aUo executed, on the 28th of this month, a 
codicil, by whirh he revokt-d ihu liequest of 
hiH " houHeholJ floods and ttimiture, libron-, 
pictures, sabre?, watches, plHte, linen. trin> 
Kct$,and other personal e(>tiue (except money 
and securities) situate within the walls of 
the maiisiotv-houBc and premises at his 
dcceafic — and bequeathed the twme (ex- 
cept hiij wine and spiritiicuK liquorsj to hiii 
friends, the said .1. f .'. Hoblnouse, S. B. Da vies, 
and FrunciK Hodgson, their executors, &c., 
to be equally dtridcd between them for their 
own use ; — and he be<[ucathed hLs wine and 
spirituous liquors, vrhich should be in the 
cellars and premises at New.stead, unto his 
friend, the said J. Becher, for his owa use, 
and requested the said J. C. Ilobhoiise. 
S. B. Davies, F. Hodgson, and J. BL*clier, 
respectivulv, to acc^ the bequest tticrein 
contained to them respectively, as b token 
of his friendKhip." 

The following letters, written While hm 
late losses were fresh in his mind, will be 
read with painfid interest : — 

Lnru ». TO MB. DALLAS. 

" NewtUad AUw;. Nii4U.. Auguit 11. Ll«ll. 
** Peace be with tlie dead ! llegrel cannot 
wake them. With a sigh to the deported, 
let us resume the dull businesB of life, in the 
certainty that wc also shall have our repose. 
Besides her who cave mc being, I have lost 
wore than one who made that iHiini: tolerable. 
— The best friend of my friend Hobhousc, 
Matthews, a man of the first talents, and 
abo not the worst of niy narrow circle. 


has perished miserably in the mnddj vara 
of the Cam, alwayH fatal to ^-nius : — mj 
poor school-fellow, Wing6eld, at Coimbra — 
within a month ; and whilst I had heard 
from aU tAnt; hut not seen onr. Mutthewi 
wrote to me the very day before his dculi ; 
and thoujfh I feel for his fate, I am still more 
anxious for HobhouHe, who, I very mucb 
feur, will hardly retaiu bis senses : his lettcn 
to me since tjie e^ent have been moat at. 
coherent. But let this pass : wc shall all 
ore day pai>s along with the rest — the worU 
is ton nill of such uiings, ami our very sottdv 
is t>elfisli. 

" [ received a letter from you, which mf 
late occupations prevented me from ilidy 
noticing. — I hope \our friends and fanlj 
wdl long hold together. I Khali Ix' fjlad lo 
hear from you. on business, on cooiinon- 
place, or any thhij;, or nothing — but death 
— I am already too (srailiar with tlK dctd. 
It is strange that I look on the akiills wfakb , 
stand bcMdc me (I have alwaj's hud fumit ' 
my Nludy ] witliout emotion, but I canool 
strip the features of tliose I have known of 
their Heshy covering, even in idea, witiioiitl 
hideous sensation : but the wonns ore lea 
ceremonious. — Surely, the Homaus did wefl 
when they bunied the dead. — I shall be 
hap[iy to hear from you, and am yours," Aci 

Lrmn 60. TO MR. HODGSOK. 

*■ NeirttMd Abbcjr. AufiiiC St l«l. 

" You may have beard of the nudtlai 
di-aih of my mother, and poor Matthews, 
which, with that of Wingfield (of which I 
wa.s not fully aware till just before I left 
town, and indeed hardly beUeved it,) ftss 
made a sad chasm in my connections. In- 
deed the blows followed each other so 
ra|>tdlv that ] am yet stupid from the shock \ 
and though I do eat, and drink, and tsUt, 
and c^eu laugh, at times, yet I can hardly 
jKrrsuadc mvsclf that I am awake, did not 
every niorning convince nie rnounifiilly to 
the contrary. — I shall now wave the subject, 
— the dead are at rest, and none but the 
dead can be so. 

" You will feci for poor Hohhouse, — 
Matthews was the ' god of his idolatrr ;' 
end if intellect could exalt a man utravc'htf 
fellows, no one could refu2>e him pre- 
eminence. I knew him most mtimatelj, 
and valued him pro[!onifHiulity ; but I am 
recurring — so let ua talk of life and the 

" If you ithnuld feci a disposition to come 
here, you will fnid ' beef and a sea-coal fire,* 
and not ungenerous wine. WhetherOtwuy's 
two other requisites for an Englishumu or 






I S3 

not, 1 cannot (ell, but prolKih!y one of them. > 
— Let me know when I niiu- expert yim, 
tliit I may let! you when 1 gn nnd when 
rctom. I hare nnt yet heeii tn Ijinrs. 
has b«en here, and has invited me ta 
iridge for a week in October, so that, 
pvtdventurv, we may encounter glass to 
dun. His gaiety (death cannot tnar it) 
M done me service ; but, after all, ours was 
I hollow Itiuehter. 

" You will write to rac ? I nm solitiiry, 
tad I never felt Mjliliide irlcKome hcfnre. 
YoBr anxiety about the critique on • •'» 
book ia amusiiis ; ns it vm nnonytnous, 
Cfftcs k wa§ of tittle conseiiuencc : I wish 
il had produced a little more confusion. 
hung a lover of literary malice. Are you 
idaff nothing? wriiini; nothing? printing 
Mdung? vhv DOC your iSatirc on Mcttiodism ? 
^ ibject (trappcsing the public to be blind 

lit) would do wonders. Besides, it 

voold be as welt for a destined deacon to 
prove his orthodoxy. — It realty would give 
Be pleasure to sec you profHrrly appreciated. 
Imrreaiiif, as, bcinft an author, my hnmaiiitv 
iDtgnt be sufipccteil. Behe^e me, dear ll. 
;auT« always." 

ft«. TO UR. DALLAS. 

" Kmtiad. Auffiut at. Mil. 

' Your letter gives ine credit fur more 
icuie fecltnga than I posses.^ ; for thoui;)i I 
feel tolerably' miserable, yet I am at the some 
I tSDC subject tu a Itind of hyFitericid merri- 
aeoi, or rather laughter without uierriinent, 
*hidt I can neither account for nor conquer, 
tod yet I do not feel retie\'ed by it ; but 
J u indifieftrnt person would think itte in 
I ecceUeot ntirits. * Wc must forget these 
' and have recourse to our old selfish 
or rather romfortablc selfishness. 
; think I studl return to Londnn im- 
iljr, aad shall therefore accept frcflv 
loAred courteously — your niedintion 

> me and Murniy, 1 don'l Uiiiik niy 
• w3] BUbweT the purpose, and ynu muiiit 

irare that my plaguy Satire will bring 

I ^ north and fuiuth trnih Streets down 

rm Ujc ' Pilgrimage ;' — hut, ncveriheU-h«, 
Murray makes » point of it, ond you 
Lnlacide wttli him, I will do it diirin^ly ; so 
' ~ 't be entitled ' By the author of Eiiglinh 
land Scotch Hcviewcrs.' Mv remarks 
Romaic, &c., once intcntr^d to ac> 

> Che * Uinu from Horace.' shall gs* 

* t" 0(*« b«i an KaflUhsMD hli e and cue. 

Bavfaad A M»<fii«l llr«, h«'i jonn for aTcT." 

I'tntet Prttrrrtd, jwt il. io. 1.] 
■ tV«H** fto4v«lt Wrlf bi, vahnt at " Harm Ionic*." 
[ a f—l. <TTlpH«* of 111* Itxitaw UlMdt, uid Ike nriich. 
lOMtf oTCnwc*: — 

aloni; with the dtlicT, as being indeed more 
appropriate ; also the smaller pocras now in 
my possession, with a few selected from 
those published in Hobhouse'a Miscellany. 
I have found amoniest my poor mother's 
papers all my letter* from the East, and one 
in particular of some lenQ;tb from Alliani». 
From this, if ticce»Mary, 1 can work up a 
note or two on that subject. As I kept no 
jcmmal, the iL-tters written on the sfmt are 
the twst. But of tliia anon, when we have 
dcfinitirely arranged. 

" Has Murray shown the work to anv one ? 
lie may — but I will have no traps for nfi- 
pluuse. Of course there are little thixifrs I 
would wish to alter, and perhaps the tuu 
stanzas of a biitrooniiii; on Loiidon'!! 
Sunday arc as well left out. I much wish 
to avoid identifying Childe Harold's cha- 
racter with mine, niid that, in aooth, is jny 
-<econd objection to my name appearing 
in the title-jiage. When yuu have made 
arrangementji as to time, sixe, type, &c. 
favour me with a re{>ly. I oin givuig yuu 
an universe of trouble, which thanks cnu- 
not atom' for. I madr a kind of prose 
apoIoi;y for my scepticism at the head 
of the M8., which, on recollection, in no 
iiiurh more like an atiai'k than a defence, 
that, haply, it ini^ht better be omitted : — 
piTpcnd, pronounce. After all, I fear Mur- 
ray will be in a scrape with the orthodox; 
but I citnricjt help it, thoiish 1 him wrll 
through iL As for me, ' I have supped full 
of criticism,' and I don't think tH:it the 
' most diMiiud treatise' will stir and rouse my 
' fell of hair* till * Bimam wood do come to 

" 1 shall eontimte to write at intervals, 
and hope you will pay me in kind. How 
does Pratt pet on, or rather get off, Joe 
Blackctt's pOhthumouH stork V You killed 
that pour man uniougsl you, in spite of your 
luuiuii friend '^ and myself, who would nave 
saved huri from Pratt, poetry. |irc»eiit poverty, 
and iKMthunious oblivion. Cruel imtrunage ! 
to ruin a man at his calling ; but then he is a 
divine subject for subscription and liiognaphv ; 
and Pratt, who makes the most of hi^ dedi- 
cations, has inscribed the volume to ro less 
than five families of distinction. 

*' I am sorry you don't like Harn" 
White : with a. great deal o{ cant, which 
in hint was sincere (indeed it killed tiiin 
as you kille^l Joe Blockett), certcs there 

* WrUlht I "twu ttiy (iapii}' Int u ntirr m tIcw 
Thtttf ttiom of ^hiiy. tai to (ln( than Io>j ; 
And lum no common miue ttwpind Iby pen 
To halt ttitf land ot cods and godlMw mn." 

£»fliih Bofdi, tfi. VorlEfl, p. 4BI.1 

K 3 

is poe^y and genius. I don't soy this on 
Hi-counl of m^ Miiiiile and rhvmca ■ ; but 
surcii' he w«s bcnond all the Bloomfielda 
and ^Iscketts, ODtf ihcir collateral cobblers, 
whom Loffl and Pratt have iir may kidn^ 
from their calling into the «enncc of the 
trade. You mufrt excuse mj- Hifr|Muicy, for 
I am wriliiiif I know not what, to cscftpe 
from myself. Ilobhouse is gone to Ireland. 
Mr. Darics hax been here on his way to 

" You did not know Matthews : be was a 
man of the mo^t astonishing powers, as he 
Hiifficic-ntly provtJ at <_'jinibrid|ic, by carryimt 
off more pnzcs mid feltowBhifis, against tiic 
ablest candidates, than any other graduate 
on record : but a ina»t decided indrtil 
noxiously Ko, fur he proclaimed his principles 
iu all societies. I knew him well, and feel 
a loss not easily to l>e -tupplicd to mywlf — 
to Hohhuiific never. Let idc hear from you, 
and believe mc," &c 

The progrcM towards publication of his 
two foTthcomini; works wtll l>c traced in his 
letters to Mr. Atiirray and Mr. Dallajit. 

Lima (a. TO mh. VURRAT. 

*' Ncvitnd Abber. Num.. Au«u>(». llll. 

" Sir. 

" A domestic calamity in the death of a 
near relation ha% hitherto prevented my ad- 
dreastu'^ yuu on tiie Kiihjpct of this Ipttcr. — 
My friend, Mr. Dnlluii, hiiri placL-d in your 
hand« a roamitrript poem written by me in 
Greece, vhlch he tmn mt- you tin not object 
to pubUshiug. But be uUu iiifonned nic in 
I^ndon that you wished to send the MS. to 
Mr. (iiHiird. Now, tliou^ do one would 
feel more gratified by the chance of ol>- 
taining his ob»rr\-ation8 oo u work thou 
mvaelt, there is in such a proceeding a kind 
ol petition for pmiw, that nciliier my pride 
^or whatever ^ou please to call it — will 
admit. Mr. O. is not only the first saiinAt 
of the day, but editor of one of I he principal 
reviews. As such, he is the htax man whu»e 
ccnMure (however ea^c* to avoid it ) i would 
deprecate by cbndestinc nie»nn. You will 
therefore retain the munuiiLTipt in your own 
care, or, if it must needs be shown, send it 
to anotber. Though not very patient of 
censure, 1 would fiuu obtain fairly any little 
praise my rhymes might dtscne, at all events 
nut by extortion, and the humble solicit- 

I t** fla IbettruiA Mg\B. UntrhM upaa the plain. 
Ma mon ttmuf h rolllnB rlonrfi to tmr BfiKln. 
Vlewld hit own fivther oa Ihc bul itart. 
And wIng'J tti« shaft ihirtquiTcr'tt In lilibcarl/'Ac. 
ilngiitA /(onb. nrorlu, [i, 434. j 

attons of a bsndied-flbout MS. I am sure a 
little consideration will convince you it 
would be wroi]g. 

" If you detemune on publication, I have 
■one aaallcr poemt (never pobtished), a 
few notes, mod a abort dinertation on ibe 
literature of the modem Greeks (written at 
Athens), which will come in at the end oS 
the volume. — And, if the present poem 
Rhould hiicceed, it is my intention, at some 
sub!ie<tuent period, to publish some sdecdoM 
from my first work, — niy Satire^— BtMXfacr 
nearly the swnc lenjtth, and a few oCber 
thini^s, with the M^. now in your haadi. 
in two volumes. — But of tbcne hereafter. 
You wiU apprue mc of \u\ir dctcrniiuBtion. 
I urn, Sir, your very obedirat," &c. 

tMm* S3. TO HK. DALLAS. 

* Snmna Abber, aojcum b mi 
" Being fortunately cnaMed to frank, 1 dii 
not Bfiarc scribbling, having sent you packcu 
within the last ten dayn, I am pBAsuig soli- 
tary, and do not expect my ogeut to acroiD- 
pa.iv me to Rochdale l>efare the secood 
week in September ; a delay which pcrplexa 
mc, as I witth the bii^nesit over, and sbouU 
at present welcome employment. I swtl 
you cxordiumE, annouitions, &c. for the 
forthcoming tjuurtu, if i[narto it is to be : 
aiul t ul&u have written to Mr. Murray kt 
olyection to sending the MS. to Juvenal, 
but allowing hini to hhow it to any othenof 
the calling, llobhousc i« amongst the types 
alreaiiy : so, lictween his prose and my \'crK, 
the world will be decently drawn upon Sar 
its paper^moncy mid [uitience. Besides bO 
this, my ' Imitation of Horace' is gaapiu 
for the pmm at Cawthorn's, but I am ho^ 
tating 05 to the how and the u-Am, the sinjik 
or the double, the present or tlie future. 
You must excuse all this, for 1 have nothing 
to Miy in this tone ii)aii:^ioii but of mysdi. 
aad yet I would ml!iii(;ly talk or Lhiok of 
aught else. 

*■ What are you about to do ? Do yoo 
think of pcrcfting in Cumberiaod, as you 
opincil when Iwosin themctropolis? If^ou 
mean to retire, why not ocrupv Mis**** 
[Milbankc'a] ' Cottage of Friendship,' late the 
scat of Cobbler Joe-, for whose death you 
iiiid others ore answerable V His * Oipnan 
Daughter' (pathetic Frutt ]) will, certcs, 
turn out a shoemaluQg Sappho. Have you 
no remorse ? 1 think that elegant address 

> l" In Bftthata ebuKk-|imrd. wllhout uaj amauartiij* 
njf Mr. SuRM*. " rNt tbc rcnuin* of Jotvph BtacftcH, 
an luirortunaw child of fmUu, wbnM laat dayi w«*« 
lOMhad »f Uu* cenrroai altcnUoo at tbc BunUjr of Mil- 
1>u;kr."~//i>(. tif DttrMattt, vol. i. f. 273.] 




to MiH DbUu should be iiiK<'ribe(l on the 
cenotaph which MiMi " " [Millmuke] means 
to stiich to hui memory. 

"The newBpapen seem much disappoint- 
ed It hi« Majesty's not dying, or doing itomc- 
thin^ better. I presume it is ulmost over, 
[f puiiuneat meets in October, I shull be 
ia town lo attend. I ani alstt invited to 
Cunbridgc for the beginning of that month, 
bat am fir^t tu jaunt to KorhdaN*. Now 
UaCthevft is gone, ami Ilobhousc in Ireland, 
I btve hardly one left there to hid me wcl- 
OHBe, exctpt inv inviter. At three-aiid- 
tventy I oiu left alone, and what more can we 
i_bt at «\enty ? It is tnie I nm young 
to begin u^in, but trith whom can 
the laughing part of Eife ? It is 
I how firw of my Incnds have died ariwct 
I iMtfa, — 1 mean, in their bt;ds. But a 
[ liA; U of more consequence. Yet one 
M|uabbling and joatliiig better than 
This iait wwd admonifihes me to 
I (d^c ) ou frooi youn very truly," &c. 


- KewitMd AtA»f, \ag.1tr. Wl- 

* 1 was so sincere in my note on the lute 
Matthews, und do feci myself so 
Uy unoMi; lo do justice to lii>i tidciit^, 
; the pU9Kge muAt stand for the very 
I yoD brimg against it. To hun ail th'u 
I rtcr knew were piemics. He wa? 
ijntcllct'tuid giant. It ik tniu I loved 
field better ; he was the curiit-st mid 
ood one of the few one could 
' rvpcfit of having loved : Uut in ability 
l-^ih f you did not know Matthcw» ! 

** ' Childc Harold ' may woit nnti welcome 
I — books arc never the wonic for dcltiy in the 
uMicaCioo. !^ you have got our heir, iU-ur^'i- 
. Byron, and his sister, with )Oki. 
FYou may my what yuii plcusc, but ya\i 
|;0oc of the murdcrrri ot Blackett, and 
OU won't oDow Harni' White's geniu.<i. 
■tide his biffotT}-, he nurrly nuikfi 
on. It is astonishing how 
! he wofl known ; and at Cambridge no 
^thought or heard of such a luan till hU 
'i rendered idl notice useless. For my 
I part, I ^htmld have been moitt pruud of 
I on acquaintance ; his very prtjudiceb 

nbwy KM* Wbit« din] It CamtMUfie. In leM— 
* Vo^vr "WUt* I wIriJe lire m Is lu ffirlDf, 
Aai tty reuse owMliut waT«d iicr jojoiu wlag, 
Tfci tff M tt twcft Out MMtUi( lyre away, 
VUUi«1m had MVBiMl an hnnitrtil U^." — 

■ ' BmalB," wkh « mamOr d hit IMs hf Mr 
iibpgr. faa«« fr^Motlr taen rtprintvd.] 
• (Tlw Km. Otartt Tvwvamtd, of TrinUr C«ll«g«. 

were respectnble. ' There is a sucking epic 
poet at (franta, a Mr. Townsend ■', jiroiigi 
of the late Cumberland. Did you ever hear 
of him nnd \m ' Arningccldon ?' I think 
hid plan (the man 1 don't know} borders ou 
tiie sublime : though, perpapa, the aiitici- 
patioa of the * Last Day ' (according to you 
S'azurenes) is a little too daring : at least, 
it looks like telling the Lord what he is to 
do. iin<l might remind un ill-nutureii person 
of the line. 

* And IboU lufh in wbvn «ag>b fear to trsMd.' 

But I don't mean to cavil, only other folks 
wilt, and be may bring nil the Iambi of 
Jacob Bcbmcn about hie cars. However, I 
hope he will bring it to a conclusion, tliough 
Millon is in his way.^ 

" Write to me — I dote on eossip — nnd 
make a bow lo Ju — ', ond r\»tkc George 
by the hand for uie ; but, take rare, for he 
hax n trad sea paw. 

" P. S. — I would a»k George here, but 
I don't know how to aniuw him — all my 
horses were sold nbcn I left England, and 
I have not hod time to replace them. Ke- 
vertheleas, if he wdl cnnic down and dioot 
in Kepteinber, he will be very welcome : 
but he bring a gun, fur I gave nwny oU 
mine to Ah I'licha. and other Turkfl. Dap, 
a keeper, and plenty of paine, with a very 
large manor, I have — a lake, a boat, house- 
room, and iteoi hwmv.*' 



" Newitead Abbrj. NoUi.. S<^. B. IUI. 

" The time teems to be past when (u 
Dr. Johnson said) a man was certain tu 
' hear the tnith fmm his bookseller,' for 
yuu have paid inc no many compliments, 
that, if 1 was not the veriest srrihiilcr on 
earth, 1 should feel affronted. An t acrept 
your couinlinicnts, it is but fair 1 Khnnld 
give e*|Hnl or greiiter credit to your ob- 
jectiouK, the mcire to, ox I believe them lu 
be well founded. With regard to the po- 
litical and nictaphy<iicnl ports, I nm afraid I 
can alter nothing ; but I liavc high authority 
for my errors in that point, for even the 
.^^Jmric/ was a/io/i/kiaJ{>oem, and written foru 

* [Id 1«I9. Mr. T«WBMnd ptMlibrd dglil ovt ef lb* 
tw«lnt txioLi of whMi " Araaeaddim" was to cvnalM, 

but OBvwt brouglit ihft t«<iB to a onclnrioB. " froa ■ 
coB'lctliMi ," b« uji. " of bU lubQltr to mpfMrt a ndtfacl, 
under wbldi ttur grcaiiul mruUI jiuwpn ntnii In»«iub1r 

* [Julls-MftrtB. ilitcT oftbrprrvrnt I.4jrd BjTOOivho 
nuiri«d. In 141T. Uid Iter. Robart llMlh, FvUnr ot Sc 
Jobo*! CoUi(«, OslonL} 

K 4 


politkal purpose ; and as to my unlucky 
opinions on subjects of more iinjjortance, I 
im too hitivcri- in ihcm for recantation. On 
Spanish afluirs I have said whiit I saw, ami 
ererv ilny con6nns me in that notion of the 
result ru'nned on tho spot ; and I rather 
think honest John Bull is beginning to cmne 
round n^in m that sohriuty wliich Mus- 
seoii's n:lr€at had begun to reel from its 
centre — the usual consequence of wnusual 
micccsa. So you (Wrceive I caimot niter 
the Kcntimenis j but if there are any alter- 
ations in the structure of the versification 
you wouIJ wish to be tnaiilc, I will tag 
rhymex and turn stanzojt as much as you 
please. As for the ' ciifiodos' let us bo[K; 
they will buy, nri jjuriioiie to abuse — vou 
will forgire the one. if they will do the other. 
You are aware that uny thing fmni my [k-h 
must expect no quarter, on many accounts ; 
and as ine present publicatian » nf » uHture 
very different from the fcinuer, wc must not 
be sanguine. 

" You hare given me no answer to my 
question — tell mc fairly, did you show the 
MS. to some of your corps? — I sent on 
introdiictory stania to Mr. Dallas, to be 
forwarded to you ; the poem cUt will open 
loo abruptly. Tbu Ktunzus had better be 
Dumbcrcu in Roman tliaractcrs, Thtre is 
1 diaqiu^tion on the literature of the moderu 
GrecKS, and some nniiiller poems to come in 
at the close. These are now at Newstemi, 
but will be sent in time. If Mr. D. has loF^t 
the stand and note annexed tii it, M'rile, 
and I will send it myself. — You tell me to 
add two cantos, but I ajn about to visit uiy 
niUi^ries in Lancashire on the 15tb inscant, 
which is so unpocticol an employment that 
I need say no more. 1 aiu, sir, your rami 
obedient, &c. 

Tlie manuneriptti cf botli his poems having 
been shown, much against his own will, to 
Mr, GilTord, the opinion of that pentleman 
was thua reported to him by Mr. Dallas : — 
" of your Siilirc he Mioke highly ; but this 
poem (Childe Uarolu) he pronounced not 
otdy the best yoti have written, but equal to 
any uf the present age." 


" N*w»Uwl Abbrr, Srpt«nibCT 7. 1811. 

"As Gifibrd has been ever ray ' Magnus 
Apollo.' any approbation, such as you mcn- 
tJoo, would, of course, be more welcome 

' [■■ That r««r chock, that lllf hknJ. 
Would gite Uij jMrt more >kl[^t. 
Tbu all Bocan't i.ijntrd gold. 
Tlim all the cent of Somuond."— 

Bn W. Joiiii.] 

thjin ' all Bocara's vaunted gold, than bH 
the gems of Samarcand." ' But I am Morry 
the Mt>. was shown to him in such a man- 
ner, itnd bad written to Murray to say os 
much, before I was aware lliat it wais too 

" Your objection to the expression ' cen- 
tral Une' 1 can onlv meet by naying tliat, 
belbre Childe HaroU left England, it was 
his full intention to traverse Persia, and 
return bv India, which he could not bore 
done wicoout pas.ting the cquittoctial. 

" The other errors you mention, I must 
correct in tlie progress through the pn-M*. 
I feel hunuured by the wish of such uien 
that tlie poem should be continued, but to 
do that I must rcliini tu (treece and Asia ; 
1 must have a warm sun and a blue sky; I 
cannot de«cril»e scenes so dear to me by a 
sca-coni Brc. I bad projected an aildilional 
canto when I was in the Troad nnd Con- 
Ktunttnnple, and if I saw them agnio, it 
would go on ; but under existing circuni- 
Ktonccs and tfnsatwjfu, I hare neither harp, 
' heart, nor voice' to proceed. I feel thiit 
yoa are aU right as to the metaphysical 
port i but I also feel that I am sincere, nnd 
that if I am only to write ' tut ^captandttm 
ru^gu/,* 1 might tut well edit a macaxine at 
once, or spin cunzooetias for ^'aux^all. 

" My work must make it» way ad well u 
it can ; I know [ have every thing against 
me. aagr>- poets anil nr(.;iudice.s ; but if the 
poem is a poem, it will surmount thcae ot>- 
fctaclen, and if nol. it desencH it* fiitc. Your 
friend's Ode' I have reod — it is no great 
cfimplinifnt to pronounce it far superior to 
^iiiythe's' on the same subject, or to the 
merits of the new Chancellor. It is evi- 
dtintly the production of a man of taste, and 
a poet, though I should not l)c willing to 
say it was fullv equal to whot might be 
expected from ttie author of Hunt /onior.' 
I tiiunk you for it, and that Ls more than 
I would (Jo for any other Ode of the present 

" I am very sensible of your good wishes, 
and, indeed, 1 have need of them. My 
whole life has been ol variance with pro- 
priety, not to say decency ; tny cireiunstauct^ 
are become involved ; my friends are dead 
or esirangi-'d. aiid my existence a dri_*iiry 
void. In Matthews I have lost my ' guide, 
philosopher, and friend ; ' m Winglield a 
friend only, but one whom I could have 
wished to bare preceded in hi^ long journey. 

■ (An Ode wrlUin hp Mr. Wiltef Vright. <m th» 
accailan el the Duko of GlLiucntcr'* liut«UatiOB M 
duoiorllDt oI tho Unltrriit}- of C4n>hrid|cr.J 

* [ProfrMor Sin jtlw. of Ptter Boun. 8M«itf,p.7S.] 




JRt. 33. 




" MattTicws was indeed an extmordinar)' 
mmii ; it hu not c-utcfed intu Uil- heart uf a 
itnutger to conceive auch a man : there waa 
the ■twtip uf iiinnortality in all lie saij or 
tlul; — and now wliuc u her Wheii wc 
see such men pass avay and tie no nion; — 
men, who seem i-j-taucil to dihplav what the 
Creator cviUd make his crcuturcs, ^thcrcii 
into comiptton, bef(>re tJie mattmty of minds 
titnt might have been the pride of [xiKterity, 
what are wc to conclucie? For my own 
part, I am bewildered. To me he vras 
much, to HobhouM: every thing. My poor 
Uobhousc doted on Mutthews. For me, I 
did not love quite f-o much as 1 honoiircil 
\ hira ; t wiu indeed m} .sciiNihIe of his infinite 
'iiperiority, that though I did nut envy, I 
ttood in awe of it. (le, Ilobhouse, Davies, 
and my«lf, formed a coterie of our own at 
Cambridge and elsewhere. Daviea ia a wit 
nd ninii of the world, and feels a» much lis 
socU » chamctcr ran do ; but not »s Holv 
house has been aiTecteil. Daviea, who is not 
I scribbler, has alwuys beaten m all in the 
war of words, and by hia colloc|uiaI ptiweri 
at once delighted and kept us in order. 
Hobbouse and mvself idwayii bad the worrit 
of it with the other two ; and even Mat- 
thews yie\ded to the dashinc vivacity of 
Krrope Davies. But 1 am tukiiu; to you 
of men, or boys, as if you cored about luch 

"I expect mine agent down on the Hth 
to proceed] to I-Jincashire, where I hear from 
lU qtumers that I have a very valuable pro- 
pcrtY in coaU. fee. I then intend to accept 
m invitBtitin to Cambridge in October, and 
diaU, perbopa, run up to town. I liavrfcHir 
fanitstiona — to Wales, Dorset, ranibridge, 
ind Chester ; but I muNt lie a man of (m- 
mess. I am quite alone, as these loii^' 
tetters sadly tcMify. I perceive, by rcfcrcmg 
to your letter, that the Otle is from the 
Minor ; make my thanks acceptable to bint. 
Ha muse is worthy a nobler theme. You 
viH write a» usual, Thopc. 1 wish you good 
evening, and am," &c. 


" Knritcut Abbej, VMU., Sept. U. 1811. 


•' Since your former letter, Mr. Dallas 
informs me ihiit the MS. has lieen submitted 
to the peruaal of Mr. (iifford, moiil contrary 

< On • leaf of om of hi* paiw-tmokj I Bad an Bpl^nm 
vrlllf* K ibU umi!. «hitti, ihoa(h dm pwlmpt pu. 
tkobrlj isod, 1 ronildci myteU bound to tnwrt : — 

" w Mooas'i LUT oniR4no fakcr. dk rxmrncu. otdu. 
" Good pUf> are mrce, 
Sa Uoora vrMca larc« : 

to my wUhes, as Mr. D. could have explained, 
and as my own letter to you did, in fact, 
explain, with my motives for objecting to 
such a j>roeeeiiing. Souhj bte domestic 
events, of which you arc probably aware, 
nrevenied my letter from being sent before ; 
uideeJ. I hardly conceived you vouM have 
so hastily thruKt my productions into the 
hands of n strnneer, who could be as little 
pleased by receiving them, as their author is 
at their being ottered, in Kuch a manner, and 
to such a man. 

" My address, when I leave Kewstead. 
will be to 'Kochdale, Lancashire;' but 1 
have not yet fixeil the day of departure, and 
I will apprise you when ready to set off". 

'* You have placed me in a very ridiculous 
tdtuaticm, hut it is pant, and nothing more is to 
l»e said on the subject. You hinted to me that 
you wished some altemtiuns to be made ; if 
they have nothing to do with politics or re- 
ligion, I will midic them with great readiness. 
" I am, Sir, &c. Sec 



- Kfw-*ti>*d Abbfy. S^pt. 16. ISII. ■ 

" I return the proof, which I should wish 
to be shown to Mr. Dallas, who underatnnds 
tvpographical arraiigcnicuthmuc)i better (hiui 
f can pretend to do. The printer may place 
the nutet in bin ir'i.-ji kviv, or any vnit, so that 
they are out of my wuy ; 1 care nothing 
aboitt ty[>es or mui'gLns. 

" If you have any communication to make, 
I shall be here at a week or ten days 

" I am, Sir," fltc. &c. 


*■ SrwHrad Abbey. &vpt. 17. IBII. 

** I can easily excuJic your not writing, ns 
you have, I ho|>c, something better to do, 
and you roust pardon my frequent invasions 
on your attention, because I have at this 
monieat nothing to interpose between you 
and my epistles. 

" 1 cannot settle to any thing, and my 
days [>a$s, with tlic exception uf bodily 
exercise to some extent, with uniform in- 
dolence, and idle insipidity. I have been 
expecting, and still expect, my agent, whcu 
I aiiall have enough to occupy my redcciiona 
in business oC no very plea^nt aspect. 

Th* powt'i fun* BTO"« hrltlU— 
We kn^w before 
Tlial LiaU't Moott, 
But now tit Uoort tbAl'i littU." 

Srpl. U mil. 
(" H. F. ; «r lb« Btno ficockliis" wu |wrfonnrd at 
Ibt LlCMUi fur UMllnt tine, OB Ui« Btb of SvpiomlMr. J 



Before iny journey to Kochrtale, you shalf 
have due iH>licc where to adiir*-** uic — I 
believe Ht the iifl!<t-(iffirL* uf tliut township. 
From Murray I received a second |vrov»f of 
the same pagen, whirh I rcuue.steii liiiii to 
show you, that any thing wnich may hare 
C9C8peil rm' ob»cnrtilion may be detected 
before the printer lays the corncr-«tone of 
an crrala column. 

•• 1 am now not quite alone, having an old 
tcquoiutance and xcliool-fellow with mi^, »» 
Wrf. imiced, ihat wc have nothing n<rui to any 
on any subject, and yawn at cai-n other in a 
sortof fiiic/ inoifk-ZMrfr, I hutr nothing from 
Cawthorn, or Capt^n Hobhou.ic ; aitu their 
quarto — Lord have mercy on mankind .' 
Wc come on like Cerbmis with our triple 
publications. As for viit-irff, by ni/Mcff, I 
mu.'st be satisfied with a componson to 

*' 1 nm not at all pleascil with Murray for 
shiiwiiij' the MS, ; and I am ctrtaiu Oiflbrd 
must see it in the same li.cht that I do. 
His praise is nothing to the purpose : what 
coulu he say V He could not spit in the face 
of one who had pniiscd him in n cry poxsible 
way. I must own that 1 wish to have the 
iro[irc«iion rcimived Irom his mind, that I 
had any roneern in such a paltry transaction. 
The more I think, the more it dinqnlets me ; 
BO 1 will say no more about it. It is bod 
enough to be a flcribblcr, without harin^ re- 
course to such shifts to extort praise, or de- 
uvcatc censure. It is anlitniating. it it 
Wgging, kneeling, ailulntin^ , — the devil ! 
the dertl! the devil! and all without my 
wish, and contrary to my fxpri-'ss de&irc. I 
wish Murray had Iwcn tied to Paync'n neck 
when he juiniicd into the Poddinj^ton Canal i, 
and so tell hmi, — lAai i* the proper rcecp- 
lacle for puhlislicrs. You have thoughts of 
settling in the conntrj-, why not try Notts, r 
t think there are places which would suit 
you in all points, and then you are nearer 
the metropolis. But of this anoo. 
" I am, yoHw." Stc. 

" Bvaox." 

I Ib • BOt* «• hli " ffliio rxm Harare." hv Uidi 
li— Jiuuily ippltM tt>t* NkMviM : — 

** A Htcnrf filmil uT mlno walking oat One k>*«lj 
MB (All, wu aUrnxri bf ttur trj at * Om Ib j ui fmi t • ' 
Ha rubid ■Imi, n)llFc((<il ■ Mir at Iriik harmukmt 
(Mpvlai OB bBMrnnilk tn an M«ataln« paMack). fto- 
0tir«d ttttrt rak««, on* «el apur, aB< a tastef-Brt, aad 
at bit ( kormn r^Wnu) pullad«M_ kU own pubtlihcr. 
Thf aafattunaCa nas vu jfnm far vnr, and m waia 
lama ^arw nWrawUta W lud ukea Ibe trap. «liidk 
ftwnt, BB toqaliT. !» k**a bBta Mr. B omlw y ^ lad 
*ort. tta' alacrity of itaklBt'BBiaByaBt. Oat BfcBi 

Lcma GD. TU MR- D.\LLAS. 

" NiTTfMad Abbar, Srpt. SI. UtI. 

" I have shown my respect for your sue* 

gestions hy adtiptirig tltem ; but 1 liave maa$ 

ataay alterations in the first [»oof, over and 

above t as, for example : 

" Oh Tbou. In HMu daam'd of baateal]' birth, 

ar. &c. 
** SttKr thamti fiiO (ift bj taler Igrf I mi mstht 

Mlor. Ac. 
*• Yat Umy* Tiv \pand^a br tba *aiiBtwl rlH ; 

and so on. So I have got rid o( Dr. Lowtli 
and ' drunk ' to lioot, and vcr}- ^lail I am to 
&uy so. I have ubo sullcnised the line as 
heretofore, and in short have been quite 
confon liable. 

" Pray write ; you shall hear when I re- 
move to Lancasture. I have brouj^ht you 
and my friend Juvenal Hodirson upon my 
back, on the score of revelation. Vou are 
fervent, but he is quite glowing ; and if he 
take hidf the pains to buve bu own souL, 
which he volunteers to redeem mine, great 
will be his reward hereafter. I honour and 
thank you both, but am convinced by neither. 
Now fur notes. Bendes those I have sent, 
I shall send the obserrationa on tlte £dia> 
burgh Kcviewer's remarks on the modern 
Ureck, an Atboniim song in the Albaniaa 
{%tui Urcck) liin};ua^, specimens of niodcru 
Greek from their New Testament, a comedy 
of Goldoni'x tran^tlatevl, one Kxne^ a pcoa> 
pectus of a friend's book, and perlia^ a song 
or two, o/y in llomatc, besides thetr Pater 
Kostcr ; so there will be enough, if not too 
much, with what i have alrcad)' sent. Hare 
you received the ' Noctes Atticic '(' 1 scst 
also an annotation on Portugal. Uobboase 
is also forthcoming." 

Urmn. TO Htl. DALLAS. 

" LUbaa a the Portuguese word, cooa&> 
qiiently the venr best. IJlissipont is pe- 
dantic i and as I have IlcUai and Eroi not 
long before, there would be somcthini; like 
on aflcctation of Greek tmus, which I wish 

nonr alBes baan haarJ of, ttMOgh Kane niAinti)n thai It 
If at lUs DMMHOl ooanaMai AMafmaa BIftti'* paNiy* 
praMtaca, CornMlI. Bo tkb ai It taar, Iba Cf>nBMr*a 
iD^oaM bTOught >n a nrdkt of ' Fdo da BlMh»polA* 
atataut a ■ quaitt aBknawa,* ani dKnoutotUl arttoiM 
brfagilBCB atnat aptart Ib0*<fans«( Eataass' tsT 
tiMchllMatonm<diaiBMaaeldaao1pdaB),fe wfl 
be tried birllapoTfncilafaiiMliinnabSimvt- Aftlnr, 
Alftni. IlkTuleU. Rkfcsnl Cvmr da \Ju>a, F.KOdiw, Kx- 
«diad. epixaatad. Ctlor;. Call vt CMdaia. Slrfe oT 
Jlcra, ThM ItoalMkIt, aad Toco Hmsb tba GrmU, an 
Cha BaBM al tba tw*l>« iuror*. Tha iwkfm are Fy*, 
Benalaa, aai Ae brtfasaB of St. Sepnltte»*a.** 







le aroMl, nnce I shall have ■ pcrDuutj 
qontsty of modem (irrc-k in my note«, as 
yci in cna uf the tongue ; tlicrcforv L»)>ita 
njr keep iti place. \ ou are right about the 
*Biiitii :' fhe) must not preceik' (he' Roiiiuunt : 
imi C-awtbom will be asvage if they Jont ; 
bevcrer. keqi M^m bu-lc, and him in coonF 
hmomr. U tre can, but ilu not lot hiin ptiblrHh. 
* I hHve aJnptett, 1 Wlii've. niitnt of your 
MggodoRs, but ' LisboEt ' will be an ex- 
ception to prure tbr rute. I have sent a 
fiuitity of iHJtes, and Mhall continue ; but 
^Hj let them be copied : no denJ can read 
■y hand. By tbe by, I do not jncan to cx- 
Amge the ninth \crsc of the ' Good Night.' 
I hftre no rewon to fiti|>pode nir dog bcttt-r 
Aui his brother bnite-s mankind ; and .-ir^iu 
«c konw to bt.' ufiUilr. Tlic ' Oisroopohtc' 
•a* oil acqitisitton abroad. ! do nut lidierc 
it it lo he found in Enitland. Ic is an 
■■■Big little Tuhniic, and full of FrencI) 
i^pncjr. 1 rad, thougli 1 do not speak tbu 

*[ Mtt be BBgnr with Murray. It was 
a hoattMlling, bacMbop, PalL-rnoNtcr-row. 
(■Ilrj proceeding ; huI if the experiment had 
turncif out *» it deserved, I would hnve 
rtiwd aU Fleet Street, and borrowed thu 
pant's staf from St. DtuiBtan'iw church, to 
muiolate tha betrayer of trust. I hove 
wrilleo to him as he never mut written to 
bc^MT byailauthor. I'll bcnwoni, and I hope 
you will amplify my wruth, till it hoK an 
dli?ct upon hint. Yod tell me alway^^ you 
bare mudl to write alKiut. Wrrtr il-, but let 
w drop OKrtaphysics ; — on llint [mint wn 
Adl oner agrecu 1 am dull und drowsy, as 
wmL 1 do notliini;, and c\-cn chat mulling 
Uguesma. Adku." 

Unrn. n. TO MIL DALLAS. 

'• Xeirriwi] Abbfj. Ott. II. Iflll. 

*l have retnmed from Lanoi'^hirr, und 
■trtrtaineil that my properly there ntuy be 
wde very %-aluiibfc, but various circum< 
■■waa very much ciremmcribe my r^crtions 
II preaent. I shidi be in town on buMuesa 
ii the becrinnin;* uf NuYemlw-r. and jterlmpfi 
M Canihnd,gc before the cml of this month : 
but of my moTeniml*( you shall be regularly 
mprbed. Your abjections 1 have in pnrt 
4Hoa away by altenitionfi, which I hope will 
■iKcc : and I have tent i«-o or three ad- 
didoaal Mantos for both * I-'vU'-*.' I have 
tan apiin ahocked with ii liffilh, and have 
kM one vwy rfoir to me m happier limes ; 
ku ' I hnve alnH)i^t forpot the ta-ite of (jrief,' 
ad ' Miitpcd full of horrors * till 1 have be- 
■MDe oaUouA, nor have I a tear left for an 
ncnl which, Ave yearn 8|!o. would hnrc 
bowid down my head U> the earth. It scem» 


05 though 1 were to experience in my youth 
the preatfflt mi«ery of afp;. My fntnils full 
around me, und I .ihall lie lci\ u lunely tree 
before I am withered. Other men can ul- 
wayrf take refuge in tiieir fuitiilles i I have 
no reM)urce but my own relleiriiuns, and 
they present no pro.s'pect here or hertsifter, 
except the selfihh siiiiBfaction of surviving 
my belters. I am Indrwl very wretched, 
und yoa will excuse my saying so, aa you 
know 1 am not apt to cint of sensibility. 

" Instead of tiriuj^ younielf witJi im^ con- 
cerns. I should be glad to hear t/vur planti uf 
retirement. 1 suppose you would not like to 
be wholly shut out of society ? Soxv I know 
a liugc villitfe, or .^mnll town, l^>out tweU-e 
miles off, where your family would have the 
ndrnntajre of very genteel society, without 
the hiiznrd of being annoyed by mercuintilc 
atflueuce : where ^v»» would meet with men 
of infonmition ami independence ; and where 
f have friends to whom 1 shotdd [k> proud 
to introduce you. There are, besides, a 
coflee-roora, asacmMies, &c.&c., which bring 
people together. My mother hud a hou>ie 
there some years, and I am well acquainted 
with the economy of Southwell, the nEmic 
of this little commonwealth. I.ji<itly, you 
will not be very remote from me ; and thoiiph 
I mn the very worst companion for young 
people in the world, ihls olyeetion would 
not apply to ifou, whom I could see frwjuent- 
ly. lour exi>cnM<-!i, too, would he anch aa 
best ^uit your inclinations, more or less, u.% 
you thouaht proper: but very little would 
III! requisite to enaldc yoii to entiT into nil 
the gaietie.'i of a country life. You could 
be an quiet or buAtling ax you liked, mid 
certainty as well situated as on the lakes uf 
Cumberland, unless you have a particular 
wish to be ptrtvretqvf. 

" Pmy, w your lun'um friend in town ? 
Vou have promised mc on introduct iun. 
You mention having consulted some friend 
on the MS8. Is not this contrary to our 
usual way ? Instruct Mr. Murray not to 
allow his shopman to cill tltc work ' Child 
of Harrow's Pilgrimage I ! I ! ! ' as he has 
done to some of my astonished friends, who 
wrote to inquire after my sauitu on the oc- 
casion, aa well they might, f have heard 
nothing o( Murray, whoiD 1 leokletl heurtily. 
Mufit 1 write more notes? — Arc there not 
enough ? — C»wtbom mtixt be kejrt back 
with the ■ Hints.' — I liope he a getting on 
witli Hobbotisc's quarto. Uood evening. 
Yours ever." &c. 

Of the same date with this melanchol} letter 
ore the following veriics, never licfore printed, 
which he wrote in answer to aoine lines ro- 




ccivetl froM) a friend, exhorting him to be 
chcfriul, ami to ** banish can-." Tbuy will 
show with wUnt ghMitny fiildity, even while 
under tht pressure of recent sorrow, lie re- 
Tertcd to the dtflii|>[>(iinliiient ut' hie early 
affection, .in the cliief source of ulL hi& buj< 
feringx and errors, present and to come. 

" KrwtlMul AVMy, October It. til ■■ 

>■ ■ Oti I bcnlibcuv'— vuchvmbo 
TiM motlo of lAy m^lry ) 
Perchance of mine, whtn "m«aU nighu 
Rn«w tlioti? rlrtout dnIlKhti, 
Whnrvith the cbUdrm uf Dnipalr 
Lull Ibe luoo bmrt, »im1 ' t»nUb utp.' 
But not In owre'i raSocttiig hour. 
ynun (Mvunt. ]w». Md tatan lour, 
Whra ■]! I loved li chaascd or foar. 
Mock with (iich uunu Ihv woei o( ana 

ThiKi know'it I ■m not whnt 1 wmu 
Btit. Ibvn ail, l[ llioH WDuUUt tiuU 
Ttatem In m }umrt that ne'er «•• cdd. 
Bf >U lh» ^von (luU men rerere. 
By all unto thj traaoim dear. 
Tl»]f i«»r» below. Wr bopaa «bo*s, 
Spvali — apMli of anr (bhig but kn«. 

" 'Tware tout lo tc«. and «ain lo hear 
Tb' tain uf anv «bo Korni a t«v ; 
And there U UlUc lu thjt tatr 
Wlilch iJrtiei boaami wwild bowall. 
But nib» hai niflkr'd mure than well 
■T«oald tult PbSoaofilir to tell. 
I'fe teen mj- bridr aBothtr'i brMc.— 
Ilaro lenl h« iratnl bj hi* UdP.— 
Have iCTti tlir> Infant wblcli ibe bore 
Wr*r the iwecl imllc Ihr uothrr wore. 
Whfs »bp Aud I in r'lut^ bai e imllKl 
Ai fund aiul bitltleu a> bet cMd -.— 
Hbtc •mi Inf 1711, In roUl dlMlain, 
Aik If 1 Mt ao accret pain. 
And / harp aripd well my part. 
And made my cheak b«Ii« my beut. 
Betuni'U ttio rracalng (Unw »be Ha**, 
Yet felt tha whUa Mar ««mn*f •:«■« ; — 
Have kiM'd. ai If wiHuml de>(r>, 
Tbe babe wbkh otifbt to hare been mlar.. 
And ihnw'd. idai 1 in r*cb cdjcu 
Tina had not mode me love the leai. 

" Bnl let thli paaa— I'll vMne 00 more. 
Nor aeek afailn an eatb>m ihore : 
The vorld beOti a bu»y brain. — 
I'll kle me In Hi hnunli again. 
Bill It Id kiidp fucceedlim y«ar. 
When BrluJn't ' May 1» In the tere,' 
T%&« hear'tt of one. whoae deeptnins crlmcj 
Suit wltb tka aiblMt of the timn. 
Of ome. vboan Love nor PUy iwayi. 
Nor hope oT fame.. nor itoMl nen'ipralte. 
One, who tB itere Ambltlon'i pride. 
TerehaDce not Blood iha]l tani aaUe, 
One raflk'd In tome reoordinc pV* 
With the worn anarchi of the ac*. 
Him wQt thou knots — mA kitovimg. pauM. 
Not with the <fta ftrricR the cviae." 

TTie anticipations of his own fiiture cnrcer 
ID these concluding lines are of & nature, it 
muBt be owned, to awaken more of horror 


than of interest, were wc not prermrcd, by 
so many ii)F<laiiced of his exii;;j,'eration iu thu 
rcsj>L-ct, not to Ih: .-itartled nt any lenj[ths lo 
which the spirit of self-libelling would cam 
him. It atsinied as if, with the power oif 
painting fierce and gloomy personages, be 
nad uUo the ambition to be, hinuielf, the 
djirk '• sublime he drew," and that, in liii 
fondness for the delineation of heroic critne, 
he endL-ovoured to fancy, where he ccnilj 
not find, in hia own character, Gt subjects 
for his penciL 






It wa.i ahoiit the thnc when he was thiubit' 
tcriv feeling' and expressing the hliyht which 
hU Iitart had .«iffcrcd from a reai uhjector«t 
fection. thai his poems on ihc dtntth of an 
imagivary one, *' Thyrza," were written ; — 
nor is it any wonder, when we contiider the 
peculiar cirriimslunces under which these 
beautiful eS'tinion-'t Hnwcd from his fiuKV, 
thiit of u]l his stnuns of i»itho«, they sfaouM 
be the moMt touching and most pure. They 
were, indectl, the c*(L-nce, the abstract spirit, 
as it were, of many griefs ; — a conflueace 
of sud thoiiphts from many sources of itr- 
row, refined nnd warmed in their passage 
throiich his fancy, nnd forming thus one 
deep rcsiTvoir of mournful feeling, la re- 
tracinE the happy liount he had known with 
the friends now lost, all the ardent tender- 
ness of his youth came back upon him. Hia 
jtchool-fiports with the fuvourileM of hiA boy- 
hood. Wingfidd hihI TattTsall, — his sum- 
ini-r days with Long *, and those cvtmingK 
of music and romance which hehnd dreamed 
away in the socirtv of his adopctxl brother,'Btonc, — all tbcjie recollections of tbe 
you'.if; and dead now came to ininele Ulcm- 
selvcs in his mind with the image ofher who, 
though living, was, Ibj him. as much lost as 
they, and diffused that gtneral feclina of 
Kiidneiiif and fondness ti^rough his soul, which 
found a Tcut in tliese poems. No friendship, 

I Sn ihr extract Cram one oThla Joanull, mit). p. V. 


bovecer wum. could hm-c tniipircd sorrow 
w puiioiuite ; a» do love, bowcvcf pure, 
roiutj hare kept pasaion so rha.«tcned. It 
vu the blending of the two afTectioiiK, in his 
mcmor}' and inuipnation, that thua pave 
btrth to Ml ideal object combining the best 
hauMts of both, and drew from him thcsr 
saAiwt and lendcrcjit of love poems, in 
whtrh «c BnJ all the depth and intensitv of 
real feeling touched OTcr with such s b^C 
u 00 reality ever wore. 

The fblluwing letter gives some further 
■rcount of the course of his thoughts and 
pursuits at this period : — 


* Yoa will hepn lo deeiu mc a nioitt UlR'r&l 
oomspondciil ; but as my letters are free, 
nja will overlook their frequency. I have 
. teot you an»wer» in proTte luut vcnw ' to all 
«(Mir late coraiQuiiiaitions; and though I am 
ini oiling yfMir ease again, I don't kaow why, 
nr what to nut donn thnt you iire not oc- 
ijiuiiiimi vitli elrcoilv- I am growing nenvta 
(bow you will laup(i!)^but it is Ime, — 
mlly, wretchedly. riiliridniiHly, fimyladically 
mrrrotu. Your climate klUit me ; 1 can 
neither read, write, nor annise myself, or 
any one eUe. My days are listless, and 
my niglits restless ; I Hhvc very seMom any 
Kicietr. and when I have. I run out of it. 
At • dm present writini;,' tliere arc in the 
next room three ladit-^, and I hnve stolen 
sway to write this jTiunhlint; letter. — I 
doa^ know tliat I tibu'n't end with iiisiititty, 
lac I find a want of method in Hrnuigiiig 
my tbDUgbtH that [ier{>U'xe« me Ktranj>ely : 
bnl this luoks more like .lillinCNs than 
■■dacMi,as Scrope Darie5 would facetiously 
in his con-sobnj; miuiner. 1 niiist 
hartshorn of your cumrmny ; ami a 
of Parliament would siut mi* well. — 
mf thing to cure me of conjugating the 
Br>^ Teri> ' mnnifcr' 
ytfY^n shall you be at Tamhridgc ? You 
hialed, 1 think, that your friend Bland 

led Irom Holland. I have always 

ft great respect for his talents, and for 
hat I have heard of hl-i character ; but 
of AM. T beUere he knows nothing except 
Am he heard my fiiiih form ri'petiiionK ten 
■ootlu together, at the arcrugc of two 
morning, nnd those never perfect. 
^d nim and his ' Slaves* as I 
between Cai;cs Malapan. 8t. Angclo. 
hi* lale of Cerign, tmd I ulwravH bo- 
tlke abMOCe <^ the Anthology-. I 

I Tfc« 1BI«M«I p. 140. 

suppose he will now tmnKlate Vondel, the 
l>iitfh Siiakhpeure, and ' (Jyabert van Am- 
Atcl' will easily be accummodntcd to our 
stage in its present stale ; and I presume 
he saw the Dutch [wero, where the love of 
PyruniUH and Thisl>e is coiu|>nrcd to the 
ptutinn of Chritt i also the love of Lncijcr 
for E%-c, and other viiricties of I*ow C'-ountry 
literature. No doubt )-oii wilt think me 
crazed to talk of such Uiings, but the)' are 
all in black and white mid good rcjmte on 
the banks of every canoJ from Attuttcrdam 
to AUuuoar. 

*' Your* cTcr, " B." 

" My poesy is in the hands of its rarioiu 
pidilisberH ; but the ' Hints from Horace,' 
(to M'hich [ have subjoined some navnge 
lincM on Methodism, and ferociou»( iioteH on 
the vaiiitv of the triple Editory of the Edln. 
Annual licgtster,) my * Hmlj,' I say. Ktand 
still, and why? — I have not a friend in the 
world (but you and Drury) who can construe 
Horace's Latin or my English well enough 
to adjust tlicm for tlic press, or to correct 
the proofe in a grairitiiaticul way. So that, 
unless you have Iwwels when you return to 
town (I am toti far nfTdj do it for myself), 
this ineflablc work will lie lost to the uurld 
for — I don't kni>w how many tpeeh. 

"• Childr HarnUrs Pilgrimage" must wait 
rill JMitrratf's is 6ni.shed. He is iiiuking a 
tour in Middlesex, and is to retuni soon, 
when bifrfi matter may be expected. He 
wants lo have it in ([uarto, which is a cursed 
unsaleable size ; but it ia pestilent long, and 
otic must obey onc*» bookseller. I trust 
Murmy will pass the I*flddington Canal 
without being seduced by Payne and Mai-k- 
iniay's example, — I say Payne and Mack- 
inlay, snpiwsing that the partnership held 
good. Drury, the villain, has not written 
to mc ; * I am never (as Mrs. Luiupkin says 
to Tony) to be gmti6erl with the monster's 
dear wdd notcb.' 

" So you arc going f ^ing indeed I) into 
orders. You mu-ft make your peace with 
the Eclectic Riwiewer* — thej- accuse you 
of impiety, I fear, with injustice. Demetrius, 
the ' Sieger of Cities' '» here, with * Gilpin 
Homer.' The painter < is not necessary, 
as the portraits lie ub-eady painted ore (by 
anticiparion) very IJke the ivcw aniaanls. — 
Write, and send me vour ' Love Song* — 
but I want 'paulo m(\}om' from you. Mtdte 
a dash before you are a deacon, and try a 
dry publisher. 

" Yours alwa)-«, *" R." 

■ Dtftwr, mitom fcc hai) brought down lo N««aUMl M 





It was at this pcnod that I fint had tlic 
)ia;iE>ln<-a.<( of Nceiiig ami becomtog acqiHBltcti 
with Lord Byron, The curresfMHideace in 
which our acquaintance ori){inuteil is. in a 
high deOTfic, lihistralive of the irank niaii- 
iincM of hw chumcter ; am! su* it was begun 
on my »iile, eome e^otiam must be tolpnited 
ill the detail which I have to ffvo uf ihe 
circumstances that leil to it. Ho far hack 
as the year 1806, mi the occasion oC a 
meeting wluch tuok plncc at Chulk Form 
between Mr. Jctfrey and luyself, a good 
deal of ridicule and raiiler)-, founded on a 
false representation of what occurreiJ before 
the magistratea at Bow Street, aiipcarLtl in 
alino;$1 all tile publie jirrntjs. lu cousequence 
of'tiiis, I was iiiduceil to address a letter to 
the Editor of one uf the JauniaLsi'uiitnidictii)^' 
the falsehood ttiut liatt Imx'ii circulated, and 
stating briefly the reiU circumstances of the 
case. For some time my letter scetned to 
produce the iiitendwl effet't, — but, unluckily, 
tlie original storj' was too tempting n theme 
lor huuiour and surca-tm tii be an easily 
superseded by mi-re matter of fact. Ac- 
c-ordiiigly, after a little time, whenever the 
subject was publicly alludctl to. — more 
espetirtlly by those wh(» were at all " willing 
to woimd," — the old fidsehood was, for the 
sake of its ready stiug, reriveii. 

In the year Ib09, on the first appearance 
of " Enjiliuh Bards and Seotcli Ueviewcrs." 
I fdumi the nutfiur, who was tlicn generally 
understood to be Lord Byron, not only jest. 
ing on the Kubjeet — and with sudiciently 
provokini; plrasanlry and cleverness — in his 
verse, but giving also, in the more res|Hmsiblt' 
form of a rote', anoutUneof (he transai-tioii 
in accordance with the ori^nal nusreport, 
and, tliercfore, in direct contradiction to iny 
published Htatemtfut. Still, wt the i^:itire 
was anonvDious and unacknowledged, 1 did 
not feci tW I was, in rniv way, callcii upon 
to notice it, and thcrcfbrc dit>misijed the 
matter entirely from my mind. In the 
aummer of the same year appeared thc 
Sccond Edition of the work, with Lord 
BjTon's name prefixi-d to it. 1 was, at the 
time, in IrL-liuid, and but little in the way of 
Utemry society ; and it so huppaied that 

I [The MlowinE un the llnM mmI doU rofn-ral la ;— 

** Can noD* remnnber Ihil c^vntful day, 
Thctt vror Klorlou*, nlmort Uial tray, 
WiMtn LICUe'* Iraillru (iltlol inct hU wjr. 
And Dav.»nwt mfrmtdaai ilood Itoghlnc bf f 

" In IIDS, Mum. Jefycfuu) Moore mctU Chalk Fwin. 

The <lu*l w»» jTrtmtnl hy Ihe Interfvrenc-o al Ihe ma- 
f^ney ; Mid, on Axaminatioii, tha balU nt ihe p^ttati 
wcrv ftmad lo have cvajxirUed. Thli IocUmu gMm 


some months pa-tsed away before the appear- 
ance of thtH Dew edition was known to aie. 
Immediately on being ^^riscd of «, — the 
oHcnce now a-s-iiimintt a dilftvciit fumi, — I 
luldreased tlie fulloA ing letter to Lord Hyrnn, 
and, transmitting it to a frieud in London, 
requested that he would have u deUvtxtul 
into his Lordship's hondi.'' 

" OliUia, January I. IHt 
" My Lord, 

" Having jubt Hcen the name of ' Lord 
Byron' prefixed to a work entitled * Eujtlisli 
Bardi) and Scotch Reviewer^,' in which, ai 
it apiH'iirs lo me, the fie it girrni to a public 
starcnient of mine, respecting an alKur with 
Mr. Jeffrey some years since, I beg you will 
have ihe giMidm-Hs to inform me whether I 
may consiaer your Lordship us the author 
of this nublicatinn. 

" I >.nidl not, I fear, be able to return la 
London lor a week or two ; but, in the mean 
time, I truiit vour I,ordship will not deny nu 
the satisfaction of knowuig whetJier wm 
avow the insult contained in the passagn 
alluded to. 

" It is needless to suggest to your Lonl- 
jihip the pnipricty of keeping our corrr- 
spondeoce secret. 

'* I have the honour to be 

" Your Lordship's very humble serraiit, 
" TuoMAs Monu 

•' B. Molefvoirili Sneet." 

In the course of a week, the friend to 
whom I intruHted this letter wrote to infinn 
nu! tlial Lord Byron had, as he leamed on 
inquiring of his publisher, gone abnmd in- 
mediately on the publication of hia Secowl 
Eilition ; hut tluit my letter hml been pbeed 
iu the Imuilji of a {jfutleiiuiii, named Hoagsoa, 
who had undertaken to forwortl it carmlly 
to his Lordwhip. Though the latter slcp 
was nut exactly what 1 couhl have wished, 
I thouglit it as well, on the whole, to let aiy 
letter take its chance, Euid o^a postpofied 
all consideration at* the matter. 

During the interval uf a ytnr and a hilf 
M hich eliipst'd before Lurd Bynm^ rctun], I 
liHil taken ujxMi iijy!>eLf uUi^tions, bath u 

Kculao to much wiffny Is tbe Mlj pvlat*." — S«t 
H'arkt. p. tn-l 

* Thii to tbe oBif vaUn leUtcr of tnj own ihM, la Um 
court!- nf thU work. I Rteaa lo obu-wle Ujnn nj naden. 
Dvhijc ihun, and En tenrunaRmpLuiUarraf tlultoflij 
90 aiilch I Kted than vir iiUwct that nwld (w mb- 
ttitutvd. It might t» Mlfhral. I thouifht, to form tha 
dnitle eseeiHlaB la nf MoneraJ lulr. In all ii|li«r cm««. 
I ihall merely gUt lurh estncu l>nni nj own Mlvn 
u mnjr tto artcttttrj lo elucidate Uiom of aj cnm- 


ifir. 23. 



btutMod and fatber, vhich make most men, 
—and «apect»Ujr ihosc who have nothing to 
bequeaUi, — lesi wiJtiiijf to expose therasclrcs 
uniieccefiarily to danger. On hearing, there- 
fore, of the ar rivHl of the iiobU; traveller from 
Greece, tfaougb still ttiinking it due to myself 
to (oWaw u\i my &mt rL*()ui>iituf]ui<;»|)buiation, 
I resolved, in (irosccutin^ that ol^ect, to 
adopt such a tone of conciliation m Rhould 
not only prove my sincurt' df^ire of u pacific 
reault, but ^how ttic entire freedom troin tuiy 
Ugry or resentful feelini; with which I took 
Uk step. The death u( Mrs. Byron, fur 
•Otoe tiuic, delayed my purpose, fiut ss 
won after that erent u wui coneiittcnt with 
dccunun, I addrcsaeJ a letter to Lord Byron, 
ia which, referring to my former communico- 
tJOB, and expreiising some doubts as to its 
Iwing cTLT reached hiin, I re-ntatcd, in 

rty nearly the saiac words, the nature of 
insult, which, aa it appeared to me, the 
paaiagc iu hii note wan calculated to convey. 
" h ]■ now useless," ] coaciuucd, " to .speak 
of the iteps villi which it wu5 my inteuiion 
to follow up that letter. The time which 
baa clap»ed tiincc thi-n. though it has done 
away neither the injury nor the fcelmg of it, 
hw, in miiny rc»|i«ct!i, niatcriuUy nlti-re<l my 
situation ; and tne only object which 1 have 
aow in writiog to your Lordship ia to prc- 

I Mve lionic consifltency with that former 
htter, and to [movc to you that the ir^urcd 

I Siding still exists, however circmnbtoocea 
nay compel mc to be deaf to its dictates, at 
present. When I my ' itgured feeling,' let 
Be assure your Loroship that there is not 
■ linfle vindictJTc sentiment in my mind 
towai^ you. I mean hut to expreAs that 
uneasiness, under Cwhat I consider to be^ u 
charge of falschooil, which must hnunt a 
man of any feeling to bis grave, unlciu the 
in»uU be rt- tntcted or .itoned for : and wlticb, 
if 1 did fio^fcel, 1 should, indeed, deserve fur 
worse than your Lordship's sadre could in- 
ffirt uiton me." In conclusion I added, that 
90 far from t>eing inHucnced by uny iiii(;ry or 
Ksmtful feeling towards him, it would give 
•e aincere pleaxiiro if, by uny satisfiwtury 
explanation, he would enable me tu seek 
liw hooour of l>eing henceforward ranked 
■Dong his acfjuaintaticc. 

To this letter, Lord Byron returned the 
IbUowing annwcr : — 

Lnm 71. TO HR. HOOnB. 

•■ CaubtUat, OctolMr n. ISII. 


• Your Tetter fnllowpd nie from Notts. 
to this place, which will account for the 

* Plodlnc t«fi lUftircM dnaikl* of UiU tetter snonK 
■y HMn* 1 eaanrt Im ^utu eurUdn m to wo* nt Uw 


delay of my reply. Tour fonaer letter I 
nuTcr had tne honour to receive ; — be as> 
.tured in whatever port ot the world it had 
found me. 1 shoulil have deemed it my duty 
to rt-turn ami auhwer it in perijon. 

" Tlu: adrcrtisement vou nu-iuion, I know 
nothing of. — At the time of your meeting 
with Mr. Jeffrey, I had recently entered 
College, and remember to have beard and 
read a nmnber of scjuibs on the occasion ; 
and from the recollection of the-se 1 clerivnl 
nil my knowledge on the subjcci, without 
tJie Hli};hte»t tdc-a of ' [(ivinj; the lie ' to an ad- 
dress which I never beheld. When 1 nut 
my name to the production, which naa 
occasioned liiin corre«])ondence, 1 became 
responsible to all whom it might concern,. — 
to explain where it requires explanation, and, 
where insufSriently or too KufficicnUy explicit. 
at all events toiatiafy. M} situation leaver me 
no choice. It rests with the injured and the 
angrv to obtain reparation in their own wuy. 

" \V'ith regard to the passage in (jucsitiun, 
vow were certainly not the person towards 
whom I felt pfrMiimlly hohtilr. On the l-oii* 
trari", my whole thoughts were engrossed 
by one, whom I had reason to consider as 
my worst literary enemy, nor could Ifurtsee 
that bis former antagonist was about to 
become his chatDpton. You do not specify 
what you would wish to have done : I cim 
neither retract nor o|K}logisc for a charge or 
falsehood which I never advanced. 

" In tlie beginning of the week, I shall be 
at No. a St. JameVs Street. — Neiilitr the 
letter nor the friend to whom you stated yoor 
intention ever made their appearance. < 

" Your friend, Mr, Rogers, or any other 
gcntlemiui delegated by you, will find lue 
Ino^t ready lo adopt any conciliatory pro- 
position wliich shall not compromise my own 
iiuuour, — or. ftuliiig In tliat, tu make the 
atonement you deem it necessary to ro 

*' I have the honour to lie, Sir, 
** Your most obedient, humble servant, 
" Bra OH." 

In my reply to this, I comniencfd by 
saying, that rus Lordship's letter was, u|)on 
tlie wttole, as »alt%fBCtorv us I cijuld f.x[«H't. 
It contained all that, iti tfie strict tfiplcrndtu/iie 
of expliutalion, could be reijulred, nmnely, — 
that ne had ne\'cr seen the statemt^t which 
I supposed him wilfully to have contradicted, 
— tnat he had no intention of hrirtjcirig 
against me any charge of falsehood, and that 
the objectionable pHssagc of hi#i w<irk wan 
not levelled personally at fne. This, 1 added, 

tcfut emftlojwl ; but ba*« Itttlo doubi thU Uk? u« h«ra 






was all the explaaation I had a right to 
expect, and 1 was, of course, satisfied 
with it. 

I then entered into some detail relative to 
thetranamisKionofm^'tirst letter frum Dublin. 
— giving, M my reason for descending to these 
minute pftTticulars, that I did not, I inuHt ron- 
feiw, feel ijiiite easy under the manner in 
which hia Ixirdship hnd notices) the niis- 
carriage of that first npplicatioii to hiui. 

My reply concluded thus : — " Ab your 
Lordithip docs not show nny wish to pro- 
ceed hcvond the rigid formulary nf expian- 
otion, it it not fur me to make any further 
wlvunees. Wc Irishmen, in bu^-iincsscfi of this 
kind, seldom know any nietliuni between 
decided hostility and decided friendship ; — 
but, as any approaches towards the latter 
altcrtiative muiit now depcml entirely on 
your Ixirdship, I have only to repeat that I 
am HHtisBed with your letter, and that 1 have 
the honour to be," Ac-, &c. 

On the following day I received the an- 
nexed rejoinder irom Lord Byron : — 

LimB 71. TO MR. MOOHB. 

" a St. Jomtt'i .Strw>t, October 39. 1811. 

" Snon after my return to England, my 
friend. Mr. Hodpmri, apprised tiie that a 
letter for nie was in lii.t posseshtun ; hut a 
domtittic event hunting me from Lomlon, 
immediately after, the letter (which mny 
most probably be your own) is still vnojH^ed 
M fat teeping. II, on examination of the 
address, the similarity of the hnnriwriting 
should le^d to Hucli u conclutjiun, it bhall be 
opened in your presence, for the snd^faetion 
01 all parties. Mr. H. is at present out of 
town ; — on Friday I shall see hi™, aitd re- 
quest hiin to forward it to my address. 

" With rc},'ard to tlie latter part of both 
yonr letters, until the principal point wu-s 
diKcu^aed between us, [ felt myself at a loss 
iu what manner to reply. Wu-s I to nntici- 
pate friendship from one, who conceived 
me to have charged him with talftchoud? 
Were not arfwiBorj, undcrnuch tircuinstaiices. 
to be misccmstniL'd, ^nul, pcrlitijiK, by the 
person to whom they vere addressed, but by 
others? In t"^ C>uk: such a »tep wax im- 
practicable. If you. who conceivL'd yourself 
to be the oticnded person, arc satisfied that 
you had no cause for offence, it will not be 
difEcult to convince me of it. My situation, 
M I have before stated, leaves me no choice. 
1 should have felt proud of your acipiaintanre, 
had itcommcnced under other circuniatuiu'u-^ ; 
but it must rest with you t<) dcttrririine how 
far it may proceed after w) aarjm-uiux a be- 
ginnuig. 1 have the honour to be," &c. 


Somewhat piqued, I own, at the manner la 
which my efforts towards a more friendly un- 
dcrstnndiiig, — ill-timed as I confcwt ihemtv 
have been, — were received, I hastened lo 
close our correspondence by a short note, 
saying, that his Lordship had made me fed 
the imprudence I was guiky of, in wander- 
hig from the point iunnediately in dismsiiion 
between us : and 1 should now, therefore, 
only add, that if, in my last letter, I had cor- 
rectly stated tite substance of his explaitatioa. 
our correspondence might, from thi» moment, 
cease forever, as with that explanation I d^ 
elared myself satislicd. 

This brief note drew immc<tiatclv from 
Lord Byron the following Irank and 
hearted re(>ly : — 


LarrvB ». TO MB. JUOORB. 

•■ «. St. JuBcs'i Street, October ao. mU 

'*You maat excuse my troubling yoo 
once more upon this verj'unplensunt subject. 
It would be a natisBiction to me, and I should 
think to yourself, that the unopened letterin 
Mr. Hodgson's possession (supposing it to 
proveyoiirown) should be returned 'in statu 
quo' to the writer ; particularly as you ex- 
pressed vourself ' not quite easy under the 
itmiuiLT in which I haid dwelt on iu mis- 

" A few words more, and I shall not 
trouble you ftirther. I felt, and still feci 
very much flaltere<l by those parts of your 
correspondence, which held out the prospect 
of our becoming acquninted. If I did not 
meet them in the first instance aa perhi^M 1 
ought, let the situation I was pbred iu be 
my defence. You have »ou' declared yourself 
sfitixfirti, and on that point we are no longer 
at issue. If, therefore, you still retHm any 
wish to do me the honour you hinted al, 1 
Khali be most hiippy to meet you, wben^ 
where, nndi how you pleoae, and I presume 
you will not attribute my snying thus mudi 
ti> any unworthy motive. 1 have the bonoor 
to remain," &c. 

On receiving this letter, I went infrtanily 
to my friend, Mr. lingers, who was. at that 
time, on a visit at Holland House, and, for 
the first time, informed him of the corre- 
spondence in which I had been engird. 
With his usual readiness to oblige and serre. 
he proposed that the ineeling between Lord 
Byrou and myself should take place at his 
table, and reciuested of mc to convey to the 
noble Lord hi:t wish, tlutt he would tlo him 
the honour of naming some day for that 
purpose. The following is Lord Byron"* 
answer to the note nhich I then wrote : — 

£t. 23. 





*■ ft. aL Janei'i Mrcct, Nortnttor 1. IBII. 

As I should be very sorrv to interrupt 
jruur 8undiiy':^ eiigngemtnt, if Monday, or 
ur other day of ihe wisuinfj wci-k, wtjuld 
be caiutlly convenient t» yimrsclf uii>l frieniJ, 
I will ihcn have the honour of accepting his 
javimtion. Of the [irufussjons uf fslcciii 
with «hu-h Mr. Rogers has honoured inc. I 
eunoc hut feci proud, though uniJe^emng. 
I ibottld be wanting to myself, if liiiiriisihlc 
to the prmise of such a nian ; and, should 
Btf approaching interview with him and hU 
friend Icail to any de^cu of intimacy with 
both or cither, 1 lihiilL re;;ard[ our pnst cor- 
ftspondencc as one of the hnppicst events of 
my life. I have the honour to be, 
" Your very sincere aod obedient servant, 
" Braos." 

It can hnnily, I think, be necessary to call 
ibo rcaUer'a attention tu the good sense, 
■dCpotMuion, and frankness, of these letters 
ofljtfd Byron, t had placed him, — by the 
wmewhat uational confusion vriiich I hud 
motic of the boundaries of peace and war. of 
hoiiility luid friendship, — in a poKJtiun 
which, igmirant as he was of the character 
of the person who addressed him, it required 
all die watcl)fulncs$ of his sense of honour 
to ^;uard from surprise or snare. }Icnce, 
ihc judieiou.1 rcwrrt^ with which he ut»tnint:d 
from uotJcing my advances toward:! acquaiiU- 
tux. till be should have ascertained cMiclly 
■bcther tlie e.\|ilaiiation whi<'h he wm will- 
ing lo^c would tie such as his correspond- 
DB would be saiifified to receive. The mo- 
anl be «raa set at re^t on this |>uint, tlie 
frmknefis of his nuttirc displayed itHdf; and 
the disregard of all further mediation or 
etiquette with wliich he at once profesf^ed 
hiimelf ready to meet me, " when, where:, 
■hi bow' I pleased, showed that he could be 
aip&nt and confiding afier such an under- 
mnding, as he had been jtidiuiously reserved 
and punetilious before it. 

Such did 1 find Lord Byron, on my first 
Qpcncncc of him; and such, — so open 
■Ou BUiuly-minded, — did I hud hiui to llie 

It was, at first, intemled by Mr. Rogcrti 
ihathif company at dinner should nut extend 
beiund Lord Byron and myself; but Mr, 

* la ffoUnv thui, t bcf lu ditctoJm cil alliertcil mi>- 
if*J- tiofi 8}i'onb.*d4lr«a<l]rttublrltioutaaill*tliH--tl(M) 
MmU la ttw opinlniM wblch h* vxprvucd uf th« llvinit 
' r««i t wul 1 CManiA bet be avira Utot. for Ihf pr%\tn 
<bl*b li« kflrmiilt tmuMMl an raj wrttlii|[t. 1 wu, lo 
( pmt d«p^«, Uklibted to bli pv tUlHf to tajvetf. 


Thonia.s Ciuiiphell. having called uiion our 
faofit that morning, was invited to join the 
porty.and conscnlol. Such a mcctJng could 
not he otherwi^ie thmi ijitereating tu us all. 
It was the first time that Lord Byron was 
ever skcu by any of las three conipuuioiis ; 
while he, on his side, for the first time, found 
himself in the society of persons, whose 
names ha*l been assurinteil with hia firjil 
Uterarv dreams, ami To tii'o ' of whom he 
looked lip with that tributiiry ndmirntinn 
which youthfid genius is ever ready lo pay 
ltd pn^cursors. 

Among the imprcfisiotix which this meet- 
ing lefl upon nie, what I chiefly remember 
to liave remarked was the nobleness of bis 
air, his beauty, the f;cntlcu'css of his voice 
and inannerK, and — - what was naturally not 
the least attraction — his marked kindneis 
to myself. Being in mourniag for his mother, 
the colour, m> well of his dres^s as of his 
glossy, curling, ar;d pictiurcsque hair, gave 
more cfl*cct to the pure, spintual ualeness 
of his features, in the expres.siou of which, 
when he siioke, there was a perpetual play 
of lively thought, though melanrholy was 
their hahitiinl character when in reposp. 

Am we had none of us been apprised of 
his peculiarities with respect to food, the 
cmharmssment of our host was nnt a little, 
on discovering that there was nothing upon 
the table which his noble guest could cut or 
drink. Neither meat, fish, nor wine, would 
Lord Byron touch ; rnul of biscuits and 
Hijil»-wuter, which he a&ked for, there had 
been, unluckily, no proviaion. He profpsscd, 
however, to Iw equally well please*,! with po- 
taiiies and vinegar ; and of these meagre 
materials contrived to make rather n hearty 

I shall now resume the series of bis cor- 
respondencc with other fiiends. 


" H. fit. Juiet'i Slrert, Dae. fi. ISlt. 

•* My dear Harness, 

" [ write again, but don't suppose I 
mean to lay such a tax on your pen and pa- 
tience as to expect regular rephirs. \Vheii 
you arc inclined, write ; when .•tileiit, I ahal) 
have the consolation of knowing that you 
are much better employed. Yesterday, 
Blond and I called on Mr. Milk-r, who, being 
then out. will call on Bland "^ tonlay or to- 

■ Tho tlrr. Rabrrt Bland, one of Che mUicn of " Col- 
tccHoni Itom thn C.rtrk AnthnlAfj." Lord HfrDd wu. 
ai thi* llmr, radcaTOurlnf to •rcure for Mr. Slami the 
U>k of Imutatlns l,»«4*n lliianapule'i poem. [ThU 
ac-nxn^Iitlieil •iliol« AM U l.<-aRiln|Clrin in llllfl. al Uw 
tiga at 'otty -toy ea. Itnulr* cui^liHiudnc lo (ho " t^oU 







morrow. I shall ctrtainly endcovour to bring 
them together. — You arc ccnsonmw, i-hiid ; 
when you arc nltttU; ttldvs, you will iciirii to 
dislike every body, but abuse noboUv. 

" With regard to the person of wfioin you 
^>eak, your own good M>n»e must direct you. 
I never pretend to advitsc. bein^; an implicit 
believer in the old proverb. Thi^ iiresrnt 
frost is detc-stafilr. It is the first I bnve 
felt for these three years, tlioiigli I longiil 
for one in the oriental Btuiuner, when no 
sucii thiiiij is to be had. unless I hnd gone to 
tlic t»^) of Ilymettus for it. 

** 1 thank you nioiit truly fur the concluding 
part of your letter. I have been of late not 
much accustomed to kindne-ss fmm any 
quarter, and imi not tlic \ pk-mted to meet 
with it ogoiii from one where l Imd known 
it earliest. 1 have not changed in »ll my 
nmiblings, — Harrow, and, of course, your- 
atlf, never led mc, and the 

" * Dulcos rcmialicltuT Arfoi' 

attended me to the very spot to which 
that Kentence alludcH in tJie luiiid uf th» full- 
en Argive. — Our intimacy began before we 
bc'ptin to date at all, nnd it rests with you to 
continue it till the hour which must num- 
ber it and QIC with the things that uvre, 

" Do read mntlicmatics. — I should think 
X ptiix )" at ns atnusini; an the i'lirse 
of Krhiitiia. anil inucti tnnre intt-lligililc. 
Silslfr Suuthey'jt jhk-ius arc, iu fact, what 
parallel lines miyht be — ^iz. prolonged ml 
injimtum without uieeliiij; anything half 8o 
absurd a.<) themselves. 

" What Eiewt. what new* ? Quooc Orcaca, 

WhU nn«t nf icrtbblen Ave ? 
8 . W . C— -, L-J. oDil L-e ? — 

All ikcnn'iJ, though jot all*o. 

Coleridge is lecturing. ' Many an old fool,' 
snif] llanribal to nomc sucb lecturer, ' but 
Huch a.i this, never.' 

" Ever yours, Ac." 


" St. JamM'i Street, Dec. ft. t»l. 
*' Beliuld a most formidable sheet, without 
gilt OT black edging, and Lonswpiently very 
vulgar and indecorous, pnrtieularly to one 
of your precision ; but tfii* bcinjj Sunday, I 
can procure no better, and will atone for its 
length by not filliac it. Btaiul 1 have not 
■wen nince my last letter ; but on Tuesday 
he dincd with nic, and will nicPt M * * e 
[MoorcJ, the epitome of all that is exquixitc 

lectloiu." he publUhed a TolOTneororlKlmliiaeiTiMininrkfi 
whlrh ant " Kdwy ajtd Elglrft." uiil ibo ' Tout SUtm 

> [Th« HoDOuralilg WUUaiii WeUrilrr-Fole, voa of 


in poetical or perKonnl ncromplishmcnts. 
How Bland bun settled with Miller, I know 
not. I have very little interest with cither, 
ami they ninxt arrange their concemfi ac- 
cording to their own gu»lo. I have done 
my cnucavours, at tfoiir rc^uctt, to bring them 
together, and hope they may agree to thdr 
mutual advantiiee. 

" ColeriJ^' has been lecturing ngninfl 
CmniiliL-ll. Rogers wa^ prcitenf, and Iran] 
him I derive the infonnation. We areguin^ 
to make a party to hrar this Manichean of 
poesy. Pole is to marry Miss Long, Hnd 
will t>c a rcry miserable dog for all that. ' 
The present ministers are to continue, and 
his Majtitty lioft cuntinue in the name state; 
so there's folly and modacss for yon, botli ia 
a breath. 

" 1 never heanl but of one man tmlj Sa> 
lunate, and he wti5 Beauimirchais, the wtthor 
of Figaro, who biuied two wives and gsilieci 
three lawKuits birforc he wa.s Ihirtj-. 

" And HOW, child, what art thou dnii^? 
Nmdin<y, I trust. I want to see jou take a 
di^ce. KcmcmbcT, thh is the most bb- 
jxirtant period of your life ] nnd donS ilifi- 
a|>point your papa and your aunt, and all 
yoiu" kin — bc^iides myself. Don't yon know 
that nil male children arc begotten for ihc 
express purpo.4e of being graduates ? and 
that e^en I am an A.M., though how I be- 
came «o the Public Orator only car remhc 
Besides, you are to be a priest ; and to eoft- 
fute Sir William Drummond's kite bu^ 
aliout the Bible, (printcil, but not published,) 
and all other infidels whatever. Now leuvc 
Master ll.'s gig, and Master S.'« Sapphic^ 
and become as imiiiiirtal nn Cambridge can 
matte you. 

" You sue. Mio Carisaimo, what b pes- 
tilent correspondent I aui likely to beconiC; 
but then you Ahull be as quiet at Newtteid 
as you please, ami 1 won't disturb war 
siudieji as I do now. When do you fix' die 
fUiy, that I may take you up accordins to 
ronlraet? IlodgHon talks oi making a Oiird 
in our journey ; but we can't stow Iiioi, 
inside at least. Positively you shall go with 
nie as waa agreed, nnd don't let me have 
any uf yoiu* fiofUgste to H. on the occasiun. 
I bhall manage to arrange for l>oth with a 
little conirivance. I wi<>n H. was not i]uitr 
so fat, luid we slmuld puck iH^tter. You 
will want to know nhut 1 am doing — 
chewing tobacco. 

" Voii tjcc nothing of my allies, ScnfP 

Lord MMT-borougli, married. In Sfarah lAIS, CMlMrtM* 
•Iwugtiter and heir of rbeUte Sir Junei Tjrbutr-LotHb 
Hnrt. t a|iiin which ornulwi he uioianl Uie nUHiomi 
uamn of Trine; Mid Lnny. Thobull tnrmluudSDMC 
uiili4pt>y lifti la SepL 1813.] 




jet. as. 



Davics ami Matthcwjt' — ihcy don't suit 
juu ; nnd ho* tloea it huppcii thot I — who 
am u pipkin of the sauie pottery — continut; 
in vour goinl grnct-sy (HkhI night, — 1 will 
go'n» in the morning. 

" De*'. 9th. — In » morning, I'm nlwayx 
ntllcn, and to-dnjr is ax •uinilve us my^telf. 
Kain And mist sire wor«c than a sirocco. 
parbcidarly in a hcef-cating nnd bccr.<irinkinp 
countn-. My booksellt-r, Cawthonie, has 
Icfl mc, and tells tnc, with a niotit iin- 
,_int fact, thnt he is in ireutv for u novel 
Madnmc D'Arlilay's, for which I'XK) pii- 
iiras arc uskiil ! He wnntt mr to rrnii the 
MS. (\( he (Stains it), which I shall do 
with pleasure ; but I should be very cAutioua 
inTCiitiirin^ an opinion on htr whoivt; Cecilia 
'r.JohnMin fitiptTintcnded. ' If he lendu it to 
I shall put it iiuo the hands of HogcTH 
lad M • • e, who are trnly men of toete. I 
hare fillfd thr> slu-ct, aiul beg yonr pardon ; 
I will not do it B^ain. I xhall, pcrtiaph, 
write R^in ; but if not, bclicrc, silent or 
•cribbling. that I am, my dearest William, 
cwr, Ate." 

ttmu n. TO HE. HODGSON. 

" LODdoa. Dk. ». leil. 

" I sent you » md Talc of Three Friars 

I the othcf day, and now take a dose in 

mother fltjle, I wn)tc it a day or two ago, 

en hearing a smig of runner dayN. 

** * Amaf. MWmj, j« noiM nt m» >.' kc. Ar. 

" I luTc ^tten n book by Sir W. Dnim- 
Dond, (printed, bnt r^it published,) entitled 
(Ediputf JudairU5, in uhich he attempts to 
prore the pjreater port of fhc did Tesuuncnt 
an allppory, particubrly Genesis and Joshua. 
He professes himself a iheist in tlie preface. 
■ml liandlci the literal interiirttioii x*erv 
roughly. I wish you could see it. Mr.W»» 
hai lent it me, and I confess to mc it is 
Worth Rfly Watsoiu. 

" You and Harness must fix on tlie time 
your visit to NewKtcad ; I can command 
_ at your wiah, unltsra any thin^ particular 
flecun m the interim. Jllund dnic?» with 
me on Tue.stlay (o meet Moore, rolcridgi^ 
hu atmcked the ' Pleasures of Unpe,* and 
■II other pleasures whatsoe'er. Mr. Ropers 
wia proient. and heiird himself indtrcctlv 
nwed by the lecturer. We are going in "a 
pony to hear the new Art of Hocln by ihia 
reformed sehUmolic ; nnd were I one of 
Atse poetical lumiuariuH, or uf suificicnt 

< Th» bratiicr of trii Ute tiXmi. (Tuilu SUiuur Hal* 


' Lud Bftan ti ht*« tnliiah«n. Dr. Jobuton bctct 
MBCMttU (III a WM In i>r1ril. .\ liar «' <*''> ^•rfrrr 
W W fl l rm . Uw jnunc tuibarm, u 1 uiulcritatid, itiiit 

constrqticncc to be noltced by the man of 
lectures, I sboidd not hear him without an 
answer. For you know, ' an a man will 
be beaten witk bnuns, he Khali never keep D 
rleao doublet.' ('anipt>eLt wilt be dehptv 
nilely annoyed. I never ^aw n man (and 
of hiro I have seen very little) so Reiwitix-e; 
— what a happy temperament! t am sorry 
for it ! what can Ac fesir from criticism V I 
don't know if Bland has necn Miller, who 
was to cull on him yesterday. 

" To-day is the Snbliath. — n day I never 
paHti plen><antiy. but at ( 'anihridge ; and, 
even tliere, the orgun is a wid rt-uiiuUiranccr. 
Thinsfl are stagnant cnoupli in town; us long 
as tbey don't retrograde, 'tia all very welL 
Ilobhotk-'e writes aiid writes and write?!, and 
is an autlior. I do nothing but c»chew 
tobacco. J wi«(h jmrliament were osMmbled, 
that I may Iiear, nnd jierhaps liome day be 
heard ; — bnt on this point I am not ver\' 
Nnngiiiiic. T have many jilans ; — sometimes 
I think of the Eiut again, and dearly beloved 
Oreccc. I am well, but weakly. Yes- 
terday Kinnaird lold mc I looked rcry ill, 
and sent me home happy. 

" Is Seropc slill iiilereating and iru-alJd? 
And how does Hliide with hh curiied eho- 
niiktry? To llarmss I have written, and 
he has written, and we have all written, and 
have nolliliig now to du but write again, till 
death splitn up the pen and ihc acriblder. 

" The Alfred has three bnndreil and fifly- 
four candidates for »)x vacancies. The cook 
ha» run away and left u^ liaMe, which 
innkcs our conunitlec ver)' platnti%'e. Mnnter 
Jtrook, our hcail ftcr\'ing-niaj), baa the gout, 
and our new cook is none of the best. 1 
!i[)eak from report, — for what h cooker)- to 
a leguminouM-ealing ascetic V So now yuu 
know a^ much of the matter as I do. Books 
and (juict are still there, nnd they may dresn 
their dishes in their own way for/mc. Let 
me know your detcrtnimttioa as to Ncwstead, 
and believe me, 

" Youra ever, 

" Mwaip*-*." 

Urrrta 90. TO MS. HODOEON. 

•• 8. St. Junm't SlrM't, D«-. 13. ICII. 

" Why, Hodgson 1 I (vtu you have left 
off wine nnd me at the same lune, — I hav« 
wrillcn and written anil wriltcn, and no 
answer ! My dear Sir Kdgar, water dis- 
agrees with you, — drink sack and write. 
Bland did not come lo liii up{iaiiumeut, 

Ihrm toH«* <" the trtim iwmxu who hari (li« IwM cl«Jm 
III Uinn, — hot faUicr. Mr*, 'llirttt. wd Ur. Johaion.— 
S/toud eJ*iltm. 
• ThU p-H-m fa m»w printiMl In Uirf Bjftwi'* WorlU. 







being uDwell, but M* • e 8uppti(^[! nil othtn* 
rmcanricA ino-st dclcctably. 1 have bopca of 
bU joining us at New stead. I am sure you 
woutJ like him more and more u be do- 
velopcs, — at \eaal 1 do. 

** iloir Miller and Bland go on, I don't 
know. Cawthorae talks of bein^ in trtutv 
Tur a novel of Mada/ne D'Arblii^'s i. and if 
he obtains it (nt I.^OO giiinca-s ! I) wishtA mi- 
to see the MS. This t shniiM read with 
pleaKure, — not that I should ever dare In 
venture a criticism on her whose writings 
Dr. Johnson once reviscil. Init for the piea- 
gure of the thing. If my worthy pubhshor 
wanted a sound opinion, 1 lihouU M.-nd tite 
MS. to Rogers arid M* • e, as men most 
alive to true taste. I have bail frcqncnt 
letters from Vfm. Harness, and ynii arc ai- 
lenl ; ccrti-s, you are not a schoolboy. 
However, I have the consolation of knowing 
that you are biMter employed, viz. reviewiag. 
You don't dcscnc that 1 should add another 
qrllsble. and I won't. Youni, &c. 

" P. S. — I only wait for your ansvOT lo 
fix uur meeting." 

tMrna «. TO XR. HABKESS. 

"I. 5[. JuQM'< Strovt,DM. IS. tail. 

** I wrote you an answer to your last, 
which, on reflection, pleflses m? as little an 
it probably has pleased yourself. [ will not 
wail for your rejoindtf ; but proceed to tell 
you, that I had jiut then been greeted with 
an epistle of* *'8,fiJI of his petty s^rievnnces, 
and thi.1 at tlic moment when (from circum- 
stanccii it in not tiecc:«.siiry to enter upon ) I 
wan bearing up against rei:ollection.t to which 
hit imnginarv sufierings art as a scratch to a 
cancer. These things combined, put uie 
out of humour with hiin and all mankind. 
Tbe latter part of my life has been a per- 

Ectual striigi^le against ulfections whirli em- 
ittercd the earliest portion : and thou^b I 
flatter myself I have in a great measure 
conqucretl them, yet there are momcntM ( iuid 
this was one) when I am as foolishi as 
foroicrly. I never said »o much before, nor 
had I Miid this now, if I did not sufipcct 
mysi-'lfnf having been rather savage in my 
letter, and wish to inform you thus much 
of the cause. Vou know I aju not one of 

I [" Tho Wnndfirm'. or Fon»l« LMOailllrt," km not 
put>liiliMl till Ui« jwu- 1)414. " Tbti tKiTd." uy U\t 
QiMrtrrljr RifTkwrri. » which rnlaht tM espoctwl (w nni»h 
•nd rrawiL Mad^irr l>'ArliUj"i lUmrjr Uboim, li not 
oiilj) lafrrior lo »» lUti-T-wurki", hut rjinnot, Id our Judjt- 
mpfit, cUlio any n-rjr dn-liW tupc-honty o»w tlin ttiou- 
Mnd<and>uiie vnluniM vitb Khkb Ihu Mttwrv* Vnn 
lnun<Ut«* thi> ihcltei of elmiliUnit tibnu-iH, uw] iti- 
cr«3K«, Iniivod of lilTortliig tbe pnTiui of the Ltnucrrt M 
vauriuc-pl^cd f " — Vol, i|. p. IM] 

vniir doloroiis gentlemen ; so now let tu 
iaugh again. 

" Ycsterdar I went with Moore to Sy- 
denham to visit (.'umpbcll. ■> He waa not 
viitibic, so wc jogged homeward nterrily 
enough. Tomiorrow I dine with Rogers. 
and ntn to hear Coleriilge, who is a kind of 
rage at prc»enL Lust night I saw KcmUe 
in Coriolanus ; — he imu i^lorious. and c\crted 
himself wouderfiitly. By goml luck I got 
an excellent place in the best part of the 
houKT. which was more than overflowing 
Clare and Delawarr. who were there on the 
ijamc Kpeeulation, were less fortunate. 1 
saw them by accident, — wc were not U^ 
gether. 1 wished for yoti. to gratify your 
love uf Shakspeare mid of fine acting to its 
fullest extent. Last week I saw on exhi- 
bition of a different kind in a Mr. Coaies, 
at the HavHuu-ket. who performed Lothario 
in a tiamncti and damiial)lc manner. 

" I told you the fate of B. and IL in my 
last. So much for these sentimentalists, 
who console tiiemselvcs in their stews for 
the loss — the never to be recovered Iocs — 
the des[Hiir of the refined attachment of a 
couple of drabs ! You censure m^ life. 
Harness, — when I compare roysell' with 
these men, my elders and my betters, I 
really begin to conceive myself a moimmcat 
of prudence — a walking statue — without 
feehng or failing ; and yet the world in 
g(!nrnil Itath given mc a proud pre-emineace 
over thcni in proBignry. Yet 1 like the 
men. and, (iod kuuws, ought nut tortmdeinn 
their aberrations. But 1 own 1 feci pro- 
voked when thi-y dtgnifv ull this by the Dame 
of /ore — romantic attachments for things 
marketable for a dollar ! 

"UtT, ](»tli. — I have just received your 
letter;— I feel yotir kindneRS very deeply. 
The foregoing part of my letter, written yes- 
terday, will, I hope, account for the tone of 
the former, thougli it cannot e.Ycuse it. I 
do /ri-<? to hear from you — more thon £Jbc. 
^\'Xt to seeing you, I have no greater satia- 
tiiction. But you have other duties, and 
sweater pleasures, mid I should regret to take 
a nmment from cither. I!« • was to call 
to-duy, bi(t 1 have not seen him. The cir- 
cumstances you mention Htthc tloscof your 
letter is another proof in favour of my 

> On thii owjil'Tin. anothrp of tb« BobU pod'* p>q>- 
[JttlUci wai, luuBWIui ttartlloglr, latmtuced ta wjr' 
DUtlri*. Wlum vv wcnr un the point of Mliii|t out (K^ 
hi* IcMl^nptln SU Junes'! Sinwl, It bdoc Uim abooB' 
mlrl-iUy. tu- tald lo th* VFrntoi. wtM WM tliutUng th^ 
iluor ol the Tli>i<Tlf. ■■ llaio jqh put In ihc putott T'^ 
and wu antcFTrd In the Kl&niullrB. It «u (tlfScuk, — ^ 
more fiptcl&IIr, taUuR Intn Mttmud th<^ i In Miiiiliiim^ 

uiultr Ktiicli W(> had yui beccittc aniualntMl. tokw 

fram MiiltlDg M Uila itnguUr noondar precauUoa. 





opinion (tTm^uikind. Sucti vou will alwavs 
I'ivHi them — selftAh and distruslfiil, 1 except 
none. The ciiut>e of thU u the statu of bo- 
cirty. In tlie wurM, every one U to stir for 
hiuttclf — it ii luelesii, perliafm st-lfixh. to 
rxpect anv thing from his neighhaiir. But 
Ido not think we are born of tlus disposition; 
for yoii find /ricndsJti/i us a schoolboy, and 
iter enough before twenty. 

" 1 went to see • • ; he keq>s me hi town, 
vbere I don't wish to l>c at present. He is 
• good mau. but totJiUy » about conduct. 
And now, my dearest \*'iUiiuii, I oiiiist wish 
)aa good morrow, and rt-main e\'tT. moat 
UMScly and ailcctioimcely yours, Jkc." 

Fran the lime of our first meeting, there 
kUoid elapsed a day that Lord Byron iind I 
dill not i«e each other ; and our acquoiiitutice 
ripened into intimacy and fricnd.-hip with a 
ntpidtlv of which 1 fiavc seldom kiiown iin 
nuBple. I WHS, indbed, lucky in all the 
drcamatances that nttcndcd my first inlro- 
doctioo to him. In a .i;cn(Tous nature Ukc 
W, the plca>ure of rqmirinfi; un injuiiticc 
vuuld naturally ^vc a zest to any parCiuLity 
Ini^t have inspirc<l in his mind ; while the 

in which 1 hud sought thi.s rcptiniliun, 
free Mil vaa from rcticntnient or defiance, 
left wXhing piunful to remember in the 
inaactioa briweon us, — no compromise 
orcoocruion that coulil wound self-tuve.or 
tike away from ihc grace- of that frank 
frirotbhip to which he nt oner, so cordially 
Ud §o unhe&i(atiii};ly, admitted me. I wns 
■be not a httlc fortunute in Ibrininf! my ac- 
fttlnUnce with him, before his success had 
JtlrMched its mtridiaa hurst, — before the 
trtnnlu that were in store fur him had 
bnu^C the world all in homage at his feet. 
Bid, amon^ the splendid crowds thnt courted 
ha society, cren claims IcTt-s humble thim 
nioe had but a feeble chance of fixing hi-s 
rqpcii. As it WS8. liie new scene of life 
iMt opcneil upon him with his succeM, 
iuuiftd of detacning ii.^ from each other, only 
BolttpUcd our opportunities of meeting, and 
bcRMcd our intinificy. In that society 
*bcrc his birth entitled him to move, cir- 
ninttcinm had ntrctidy placed me, notwith- 
amdini; mine ; and wlic-n, after the ap> 
pcanmce of '* Childe Harold," he bq^i to 
■hgle witii tlie world, the same persons, who 
lU tone been vn/ intimates and fricniU, 
bcame ni« ; our viiitt-s were mostly to the 
im places, aod, in the gay and gid^y round 

' "WriUm bMMBtta the plaiuff of Hlu CbavoKli." 

1 'vt MMurinc of tbMc two Unci U n obrlogi, tlut 
- ■• -MKrcOoiu ho* M»j oiw couldnilMlti— * Dy ihe 
of nr bop*) _ tha bktw UiA dapetni ata ill 

of a London spring, wc were gcnwiilly (as 
iuoiicofhii own ietter<i he expresses it) "em- 
barked in the same Ship of Fools together." 

But, at the time when we first met, his 
poHition in the world was mOHt solitary, 
Even those coffee-house companions who. 
before his departure frx>m Lnglund, hud 
licrved liim mt a Mtrt of Huhstitute for more 
worthy society, were either rcUnquiahed or 
had dispersed ; and, with the exception of 
three or four a.w>ciate:« of bin colU-ge dnis 
(to whom he appeared htrcingly aituchcdj, 
Mr. Dallas and nis solicitor ticemed to be 
the imly persons whom, even in their very 
uuestiumible degree, he could boast of as 
triends. Thougn too proud to complain of 
this loneliiie&H, it was evident that he tell it ; 
and that the stntc of chccrlcis isolation, 
"nngiiidwl and unfriunded," to which, <m 
entering into nianhoiKl, he hud foitml hint> 
self abandoned, wad one of the chief bourccs 
of that resentful disdoin of mankind, which 
even their subsequent worship nf him came 
too hitc to remove. The ctlect, indeed, 
which his subseijucnt commerce wiilv society 
had, for the short period it lantcd, in soft- 
ening and exhilarating bis tenipcrr, showed 
how fit a soil hi» lieart would liavc been for 
the growth of all the kindlier feelings, had 
but u jiortiim of this sunivhine uf the world's 
unties Khonr: on hlin (-iirlier. 

At the some time, in all such speculations 
and conjerturcH ax to what ii»g//f have been, 
under nioro 6ivoumble circumstance?, hia 
character, it is invarialily to l»e home in 
mind, that his verj- defects were among the 
elenients of his greatncMi, and that it was out 
of the slnigele between the good and eiil 
principles of his rnture that hw mighty 
genius drew itJt strength. A more geti'ud 
and fostering introduction into lite, while it 
would <loubtle5S have *oftencd and disci- 
plined his mind, might have impaireil its 
vigour ; and the juunc iiiHuences tJial v\ouId 
have diffused .smoothness and happiness over 
his life might have Wen fatal toil.'* glor}-. Ina 
shurtjmenud his ', which nj>iK'nrstohavcl>ccn 
produced nt Athens, (nn I find it written im 
a leufof the afigina) MS. of f 'hihie Harold, 
and dated "Athens, l&ll,")thcre arc two 
lines which, though hardly intelligible as 
connectetl with the rent of the poem, may, 
taken aeparatelv, l»e interpreted as implying 
a sort of prophetic eonsciousne-w that it 
was out of the wreck and nrin of all bis hopes 
the immortality of hia name was Co arise.- 

the orifituIorUilipktura — inrinnaaTrgR-viiiinKil*! : 
— my TMa»inbranccorh«rbMaa)«*o*lTtiDg lhj«Uito«« 
iiot lb<r tli)ttil'-t4 lymi^toffi of dpokr; nam. whrn rAt * 
iittmm of Onitf I look at ttmr fictnn. Ilw pUnRil fMllac* 
or iDcnoty an u rlild u on ike dHf 1 loM Ixr. Tlil* 

L 3 „ 

'• U«ar utved o( tkfMted air. 

Though now of lovs mad th«e bereft. 
To RCDBdk ne iHib dnpair. 

Thill* iiBMffv «mI my toin an Ml. 
'TU lalil with HMioir Time cu cope, 

Bhi ihU, I fcrt. can ne'er be true ; 
For. bg the" 6e^lk-iilmr nf my kopt, 

Ug iltmorif iMiwrtai grfte f ' ' 

We fremiPtJtlv, tlurini; the first inoiitha ol' 
our acquaintance, <liiii-d togctlicr alotic ; and 
lu we liad no L-lub, in cnminoii, to report to, 
— the AlfreJ being the only one tt> which 
be, nt that (lericxl. hc1on^^,and Ibelngthea 
a member of nnnir hut Waticr's — our din- 
ners u-teil to \te either nt the St. Atlian's, ur 
at hla old Imunt, Stevens's. Though at times 
he would drinkfrtflvunoiij;liofcliirei,he atill 
»dl)LTKj to his »i}steni of abstinence in food. 
He appeared, indeed, to bnvc conceived a 
notion thut nnini'.il fodJ has some prcultar 
influence on the rhamctpr ; nnd I remonber, 
one day. as 1 sat opposite to him, enm!tiye<l, 
I nuppOM*, ratluT euniestly OTerabccl-iteelt, 
after watching roc for a feV seconds, he snid. 
in n gntve (one of inqitiry, — ^ •* Moore, don't 
you find eating beeMteak mokes you fe- 
rocious ?" 

Understoiuliag me to hnve expressed iiwish 
to become a nicinWr (if t!ie AUK-d, he very 
good-naturedly lual no time in proposing nic 
05 a candidate : but as the resolution which 
I had then nt-nrly formed of betaking jnyuelf 
to a country life rcndi-red an udditlonul ctub 
in I^nilon superfluous, I wrote to bt?i that 
he would, for the present at least, withdraw 
my niunc ; »ml bis unswer, though con- 
toining little, being the furst familiar note be 
ever huudured me with, I may be excused 
for feeling a peculiar pleasure in ituertiuf; it. 


"Decemlwll. IBll. 
" 5Iy dear Moore, 

" If you please, wc will drop our former 
monosyllubtL'^, luul ndbcre to the iippellntiou.'s 
KOnctionrd byourgodt'alhersaniJ godmuthiTs, 
If you moke it a point, I will withdraw your 
name ; at the some time there is no occasion, 
as I hare ttuH dHV postponed your etertion 
' sine die,* till it shall suit your wishes to be 
aniungMt us. I do not nay thin friitn niiy 
nwkwardtiess the erasure of your propohal 
would occasion to mc. hutKiniplvf^uctt is the 
Btate of the case ; ami, indeed, ibe lougcr 
your name is up, tlic itroii^er will become 
the probiihility of success, and your voters 
more nunicroua. Of coiu'ttc you will decide 

(trora timt Time caoootcope wtth torroir.' Mr. Mtninr, 
huwever, e«iKHituli Ui« pu*jijiTMliu>: — ■ Uf the death- 
btow of injr bQp**. In Uib Iiim of Ihb ahjrcl, 1 l«ld ibe 
fouadiUon cf >n Inniorul memorjr ror dij-kU: of m^ 


— your wish »hall he my law. If my msI 
has already outrun discretion, pardon me, 
and attribute my olBciousness to an escu>> 
able motive. 

" I wish )'ou would go down with me Ig 
NewBtcnd. Hodgson will be there, and i 
younc friend, named Harness, the earliest 
and dearest I ever had from (he third fonn 
at Harrow to this hoiu". 1 can promise you 
goiMl wine, and, if you likcsliuoting, anisnor 
of -MKX) acres, fires, books, your own free 
will, and my own very indiifereut company. 
■ 13;itnea, %-ina« *,* 

"Hodgson will plague you, 1 (ear, with 
verse; — for my own p«rt 1 will cnncludf, 
with Martial, ' nil rceitabo tibi ; ' and sivdy 
the la-it inducement is not the least. Pondor 
on my pro)io<titioa, and Ixsheve me, my deaf 
Moore, yours ever. 


Among tho.<ic acts of getKirosity and friend* 
ship by which every year of Lord Byron's 
bfe was signalwed, there is none, perhafis 
that, for its own peculiar Mru.MMmhUMie.<^Kiiuii 
deli<"acy, as well as for (he |»erfet:( wurthiims 
of the person who wat the ulytsct of it. dr- 
scrvet more hotiouroblc mention than itul 
which I am now about to record, am) whi:h 
ti>ok plaf'i- ncjirly at the period of whieli I 
am speakitig. The friend. who*e pm)d fnf- 
tune it was to inspire tlie fediDg thus li-s- 
tifiecl, vius Mr, Hoilgson, the gentleman m 
whom so many of the prece<Iing letters art 
uddrcsGcd; and ns it would be unjiut lurob 
him of the grace and honour of being, hiai- 
self, the testimony of obligations so ngmd, I 
shall here lay belorc niv readers an extract 
from tlic letter with wtiich, ia reference to 
a passage in one of his noble friend's Jour^ 
(lals, he has favoured me : — 

" I feel it incumbent upon me to explain 
the circumstaucen to whii-h ihiti passage nl- 
liides, however private their nature. They 
an-, indeed, calculated to do honour to tl;e 
memory of my lamented friend. Having b»r 
come involved, unlbrtunaiely, indifficulocf 
and einbttmus.smenth, 1 received from Lord 
BjTon I besides former pecuniary obligationB) 
ahsiKtunce, at the time in question, to the 
amount of a thou&and pounds. Aid of such 
magnitude was ctpially unsolicited and un^ 
expected on my pure ; but it was a loa^ 
cherished, thougli secret, purpose of my 
friend to uiford tliat aid ; and he only wait- 
ed for the period wheu he thought it would 
be of most service. Uia own words we^e^ 

living ItntnnrUltjr mncfiibered. Thli prove* that Tfu^ 
tmititit rujivHlth mrroTT.'— .\ mott cntitofUi) liiU-rjif*— 
Utton. and a nioit exemiiUrjr uoa Mqukiu 1" — net*— 




St. 2% 



on the occoinon of ronferrin^ this over- 
vhebiing favour, * I »lwa\H iiiteiidfd to ilo 

IBl 1—1812. 

Rt-f«RTO?l, MR. II00080N, AND irnt N<i KUW- 
LA^O. — riiHLlCATIit:>(OFt~HII.UKllAUULD, 



Iknimc all thU tunc, unJ throtij;h tlic 
■oaths of Janijurv nnil Fd>nmry, Ins jiocm 
of •* t'hililt: ManAil" «us in its progri-sa 
through iht- Orel's ; and to (he chongch uoil 
additioiM whu-h tu- iiiudc: in (hu coutkc of 
printing, mrmc of ihc most licautifut (jnn^agcs 
of titc workowc- their existence. <>iicom< 
indeed, bix rough druft of the two 

>« wHI) tlie finished fonn in whiilt they 
iSbf Bi pment, wu arc made •ensible of ihc 
power whieh th« roan oS gcnhis possetses, 
not onl^of»iqmKNinE;nthi>r9,hutof improvino 
oa bimself. Oritriniilly, the " Uitle Page 
•ikl "Yeoman ■'of the Childc were tntro- 
doccd to the reader*!* notice in the followint; 
EBiae Atanzu, bv expnn<lin<; the siilxtt»rce 
uT which inio their present lif;ht, Ivric shape. 

slmoBt needless to remark bow much 
haa gniucd in variety and draiiiuttc 

I flf Ui tnio tberv wai ■ hnittinwti pBgn, 
A ftmam tMy, vbo icrTBd bit muter «clt ; 
Aad aAnt «ould lil* prankMams |vai« cuga^ 
CkMa Bnrsn'* > tnr, wtwrn hto prood bun did tvrll 
WRk •Hllm thtMfhu ibM he 4Maln*< l« wll- 
I «nwM he «Blk on fain, ud Al«to* mulled. 
1 MiftU that ttam U* rmuf Up* anMj Ml. 
TW glnDfB; fim tnm RanWi vjt bcfulM, 

* Km ma MM fMNMn only <Bd h* taka 
IW tnnl •MtwanJ to ■ br covntrle : 
Aad. llKmcfa *)■* ^ **■ X^Wrcd to Irarc Uw Ukt, 
Ok ahoM klr bank* he pvw ban libncft 

I tf IRw* couU br «Br 'ooM la W l^i tBtmUofi itf 
MteiCterl>tn<dt li> hia btfo. IhU AdopUon af the old 
Xvaaa imm* i^ hli fwiflf, abkh h< iimnii to han ju 
X iiMiiinilili i[. wooM be luflldOTt M ranar* h. 

*lB«h> MS. tt*s 



EtlMiona hU llttis h<wt b*>t nerrQr. 
U'ltb bop« oflorrlrti nailoai ta hi hold. 
And miny tliliiftt rlnlit morvcltoa* lo MM, 
or wliiFh nuT tanotttif IraTiiUan.flft Imta toM, 
From Uiuul«Ttll« "S 

In place of that mournful son^ " To Ines." 
in the first canto, whirh contains .tome of 
tlie tlreariesi touches of sadncAS that even 
his pen ever Irt full, he hiui, In the original 

tonstruttion of the poem, been so little fas- 
tidious as to rontent himself with such ordi- 
nary sing-song m the fullnwing :_ 
" Oh Mver tdl a^alo lo imp 

Of Northrm climpi anti BritUh UdliM, 
]t liu not b«>M) jruur lui la »<«. 

Llk« IDC, tbe lorrlj glil of Cadtt. 
Atthouth hnr t-ja bo not ofbtuv. 
Nor fair h«r li>ck«, ILk« HntlUh lauM," Ac. ke. 

There were also, originally, screral stanxas 
full of direct personality, and Romc thot dc- 

fiencnited into a style still more fiuniliar and 
udicroits than thut of the dcsrriptiun of a 
London ijunday, which Htill diNhi^tres the 
poem. In thus mixinp up tlie liplit with the 
sulemn, it was the intention of the poet to 
imitate Arioatu. But it in far cuier to rise, 
with prace, from the level of a Btraia gene- 
ntlly Jliniiliar, into an occasionut nitort hurst 
of piithas or splendour, ilian to interrupt thus 
n proloiiued tone ot" i*olcniiiity by any de- 
scent into the ludicrous or burleHque. • In 
the foniicr case, the tnmsition may have the 
effect of softening or clevnliiif;, wliilc, in the 
latter, it almtist invnrinbly shocks ; — for (he 
Kame reiuoii, jwrhaps, that a trait of pathos 
or high teelinp, in comedy, lia.H A peculiar 
chann ; whiJe the intrusion of comic 5ccMe9 
into tnigedy, however sinctioned among ua 
hv Imbit and uiithorily, mrely fuila to OTOnd. 
■fhc noble poet was, himself. eonvinc«<| of 
the &ilupe of the experiment, and in none of 
the Bucceeding cantos of (!hilde Uarold re- 
peated it. 

Of the satiric parts, some verses on the 
well-known trB\cllcr, Sir John Carr, may 
supply us with, at least, n haniik-iui Kpeci> 
men : — 

" V*. wba TOuU mora of Spain and Spaniards know, 
aiBhta, MlnU. anilqua. art), KtreAtAt*, ami «ar. 
Go. bla jv bwM Ut Patiprnoiter Kuw, ~ 
Are Ui*; not written In the Iwkr of L\vt ? 
CrMB Eria'a Kol(ht, «ud Eumpe'a wuKtarlny Mat. 
Thni BstN, nadan. to lli« Han at Ink. 
Hear «)uit lir dkl, ami tuuirhl. ami vrn(r aliar : 
All ihf-»f arrcmip'd wlililn ttic iJiMrlu'i brink ; 

Thli borrow, nc*l (dont tfU)), and tell lu utaal jum 

had bMo MMWMln-tjr InM-HH htre and »cnid>«d out 

' Ilerr th« manuKritl U illrglblc. 

* Aiiioa|tfM!aikDo«lp«)codbliHnlibna«rM[ltm)*i|rr«iat 
penn U bl* abrupt mntlUoa. In lUa manarr. lalo m 
ioOUUao of AitaU'i ftyte. la tha " Varadlw at Fnob." 

• L 4 

Among those passagfs which, in the 
course of revisal, hi: iiitrfHiucL-t!, like pieccg 
o( " rich inlay," into the pocni, woi that fine 
stanzA — 

" Yrt ir, u holint Kun )uv* dMm'd, U)«r« b« 
A land ot louli bofand that ubl* ihora," Ice— 

tlirougli which lines, thotigh, it must be con- 
fessed, a tone of scepticism breathes, (as well 
OK in those tender verses — 

•■ T«.— I wIRdKMii Hut wemay mMta^aln,")' 

it ill R sd-ptit'iNHi whose sadiiesx r»1Ejt far 
more for pity tJuin hhuie ; there being din- 
covemble, even thrcmph its very doubts, 
nn innate nunnth of piety, which they hiul 
been nbic to obscure, but not to chill. To 
im the words of the poet hirasell", in a note 
which it wns onre his intention to »^x to 
ihiiNC «tui)za:t, " Let it be reiii{!tn)>ercd thiil 
the spirit they breiithe is dcspondiitj;, not 
Bnecnng, sctpticism," — 8 distinction never 
to be lost !Ught of ; as, however hopele?*? 
may be thi; conversion of the kcoC&h^ inliilct, 
he who feels pain in doubting has still iJivu 
within Itim the scvtis of belief. 

.\t the suuieliine with ('hiltic Harold, he 
haii three other works in the prc-w, — his 
"Hints from Hnrare," "The Curse of 
Minerva,'" am! a fifth etiition of " F.nfjlish 
Burdu and Scotch iicviewcr^" The note 
upon the Intter poem, which had been ilie 
lucky origin of our actjTjaintance. was wiih- 
dnmn in tttis edition, and a few words of 
cxpUniition, wliich he had the kindnces 
ti] Kubinit to my perusal, sulMtitutcd in its 

in ihe month of Janumy. the whole of 
tile two cantos being printed i>ir. soinu of 
the [Kict's friends, and. amun); others. >tr. 
Itdgcrs and mvseU^ were so fiir favoured as 
to be indulged with a perusat of the hheet». 
In adverting tn tliis period in his " Memo- 
randa," Lord BjTon, 1 reracmhcr, mentioned, 
— a,i one of the ill omens which precedctl 
the pitMicntion of the |>oem, — ^ that some 
of the literary friends to wlioni it wnn shown 
expressed doubt?ii of its success, and that 
one amonp them had told htm " it was too 
goo<l fur the nge." Whoever uiav have pro- 
nounced this opinion, — and 1 ^lave nume 
sUEpicion that I am mysclfthe guilty person, — 
the age h&\ it must be owned, most trium- 
phiuitly refuted tlic euluniny u|ioti its taste 
which the remark unplied. 

It waa ill the hanitit uf Mr. Itopers I first 
saw the sheets of the poein, lutd planced 
hastily over a few of the stanzas which he 
pointed out to rae .is lieautifiil. ILiving oc- 
casion, the wime nuirninp. to write a note to 
Lord Pyron. 1 exprcMcd stTongly the atimir- 
a'ion which tbid foretafitc of am work had 

cxcitetl in mc ; and ttie following is — u 
far lis relates to literary matters — the 
answer 1 receiveKl froiu him. 

Lnrti n. TO MB- MOORE. 

" Jvtaarj Xt. UU 
" My dear Moore, 

" 1 wish ver}' much I could have seen 
you : 1 »m ill u Mate of Ludicroiu tribuli^ 
tion. • • • 

" Why do you say that I dislike jour 
jHvesy? I have expressed no such opinion, 
either in print or elsewhere. In ^cribbli^^ 
nivscif, it was necessary for me to fim! fault, 
and 1 fixed upon the trite charge of inmio* 
nility. because I coidd disi^over no other, 
and was so perfectly qualified in tlie tiuio- 
ccncc of my heart, to ' pluck that mote fron 
my neighbour's eye.' 

'* I tcel very, very much obliged by ymir 
approbation ; but, at thu viammt, iimise, 
even ifour praiM-, passcit by me like * the idle 
wind.' I mciiQt and mean to send you a 
copy the moment of publication ; but duw 
I can think of nothing but damned, deceitful, 
— delightful woman, as Mr. Liston saj-s in 
the Knij^'ht of Snowdon. Believe roe, mj 
dear Moore, 

" Ever yours, most affectionatelv. 

•* BrBOS." 

The pa^saf^cs here omitted coat4un rather 
too amuKiDg un ncconnt of n disturbance ttut 
had just occurred in the eatablishmenC at 
New^tcad, in consequence of the dcte^ied 
misconduct of one of the miiid-scrvauls, who 
had Ik'-cn supjioKed to stauid rather too hieh 
in the favour of her master, and, by tlie airs 
of authority which she thereupon nsswrncd, 
hud disposed all the rest of the household to 
regard her with uo very charitnhic Vjv*. 
The chief actors in the strife were this 
sultana and younil Kushton ; and the fint 
point in dispute that came to LonI Bjion'i 
Knowledge (though circiunKtances, far from 
creditable to the damsel, afterwards traii- 
Hpired ) was, whether Kushton was bound to 
carry letters to " the Hut" at the liidding of 
thi::t fcmiile. To nn ei>isode of such a nature 
I should not have thought of alluding, were 
it not for the two rather curious letters thi* 
follow, which show how gravely and coolly 
the vuung lord could arbilntte un suc:b b& 
occasion, and with what considerate leaning 
towards the servant whose fidelity he hoa 
proved, in preference to any new likin; w 
fancy by which it might Ix" suspected he wM 
actuated tuwarUs the other. 




•■ K 8t J«fli««'i StTMI, JsD. tl. If |-i. 
)l I have no objcctinn to ynitr n> 
irry IctUri to Mealcv's, you will 
hut the Ictterfi un- tukrii l>y .V/xto 
ler time. I hiivc also to obst-rvL-, 
b to be treated with civilkv. und 
I by any person over wham 1 hnve 
C controiil, or, imlccfl, by any one 
rhile 1 hiivi' the power to protct't 
1 tnily sorrj- to have any wibjwt 
nt against vuk ; I have too good 
t of you to think [ fhall have oc- 
rcpmt it, iSter the cure I liavc 
Du, and my favourable intrntiono 
lalf. I see no oceuHion for nay 
ition whfltcver between ^u and 
,vxvl wish you to occupy yourself 
Ig fur the situation in which you 
ttd. If a common sense of de- 
Kit present )ou fruin cuiKliictinu 
(rmirils tllcin with rudeness, 1 
eut hope ihut your own mtercit, 
1 for n miistrr who has neivr 
I with unkindncKK, will have sonic 
bun, Ae. 


-1 wish you to attend to your 
. lo occupy youni'lf in surrcying^ 
and making yourself aeqn&tnted 
r particuliT relative to the land of 
and you will write to me one Icttrr 
k that 1 may koow how you go 


I *• e. St- Jaam'i Street, Jwnury SS. 1913. 

^ftua^ to carry the letter was not 

ff remonstrance -. it was not a 
buBinew ; but the Uinjoia^e you 
ffA wu (as sfur stated it) highly 

ky, that you also have something 
Ip'of; then state it to itie imme- 
( would be very unfair, and very 
6 my dispoaition, not to hoar both 

ff Uiing haa passed between you 
luce ny last visit to Newstcad, do 
iBd to mention il I am sure j/ou 
k deceive mc, though «*/■ would, 
lit is. you shall be forgiven. I 
■ten without some suspicions on 
L aiid aui certain that, at v^ur 
1^ the bhune could not attach to 
I will not corkhU i\x\y one tss to 
ter. but write to inc- inimeiltal«ly. 
piore ready to hear w hat you have 
I I do not remember ever to 

have heart] a word fW>u) you before aumut 
any huniuin bein^. which convinces me you 
would not maliciously aiiaert an untruth. 
There is not any one wlio can do the least 
itiyur\' to you, while you conduct yourself 
prniierly. I sludl expect your aiuvcr im- 
mediately. Yours, lie. 

" BraoN ." 

It was after writins these letters that he 
came to the knowledge of some inipro]>er 
Icvitieu on the part of the girl, in conso- 
queiice of which be dismiaiicd her and 
another female ser\-ant frnm NewKteiid ; and 
how strongly he allowed thi^ discovery to 
alfcL't his raiiid, will be seen m a Bubsequeot 
letter to Mr. Hodgson. 

Urmt «£. TO UK. HODGSON. 

" 0. 5L Jain«*'i Street. Febniuy IS. IBIL 
" Dear Hodgson, 
*' I senil yi»u a proof. Last week I was 
very ill and cotifined to bud with stone in 
the kidney, but I ain now (juite rccoverctl. 
If the 8tone hml got into my heart instead 
of my kidneys, it would have been all ihcr 
better. The women are gone to their rela- 
tives, after many attempts to explain what 
was ah-eaJy too clciu-. However, I have 
quite recovered ihat also, and only wonder 
at iiiy folly in cxceptini; my own Ktruaiputii 
from tlic general corruption, — ulhcit a two 
months* weakness is better than ten years. 
I h4ivc one request to nuke, which \s. never 
mention & woman again in any letter to mc, 
or even allude to the existence of the sex. 
I won't even read a word of the feminine 
grndtTr ; — it must uU be ' propria quK 
mart bus.' 

" In the itpring of IMI3 I hhall lenvo 
Kngland for e^er. Evcrj' thing in my afTaira 
tends to this, and my inclinations and health 
do not discourage iL Xeither my habits 
nor constitution are improved by yotur 
cuNtoms or your climate. I shall find 
cmplojinent in making myself a good 
(Incntid Ki-hutur. 1 shall retain a uiaiision 
in one of the fairest islautiU, and retrace, at 
intcrvalh, the most intcrealing jiortinnn of 
the East. In the mean time, 1 am uiyiistinf 
my concerns, which wfll (when arranged) 
leave mc with wealth sufficient even for 
home, but cnou^^li fnr u prinriindity in 
Turkey. At pre.-M.'nt they are iuvolved. but 
I hope, by taJung some nec(»aiuy but uii- 

tileasant Bte[», tu clear every thing. Ilob- 
iDUse is expected daily in London : we shall 
be very glad to see him ; and, perhiijw. ynu 
will come up and * drink deep trc ho depart.' 
if not, * Mahomet must go to ihe mounlaiii ;' 
— but Cambridge will bring sad recuUectiona 






to him, and wotm to mc, though for ven- 
ittfleruit rcuMjns. I belicvo the only humun 
beitif; th»t ever lurnl roe in truth and entirely 
WM oC or bclongiug to, Cambridge, amJ, in 
that, no change can now take place. There 
in one conmhitiun in death — wheru tie seta 
hin ncal, the iiii{)r(.'iiHiiiii oin neither be melted 
nor broken, hut endtireth for ever. 

" Yours always, " B." 

Among thoNc lesser memorials of his good 
iiatiire und mtmlfulti ■•<(;<. which, while thvy 
urt> privkiuh tii those who possess them, arc 
not iinw)>rthy of iidiniration from others, 
mwy Ik- rfi'knncd Mich letter* a* the fol- 
hiwinft. Id n ^uiith nt l£toii, reconuucnding 
uriothrr, who wns idiout to be entered .it 
that Bchool, tu hilt L-ore. 


" I. St. iamn't Sueot Fcbnw? IZ l»l% 

" My drnr John. 

" Voii hiwe jiTolxilvly lone nfp forgotten 

rhi- writer of ihe«.i- Unett. who wouKl. iiCN 

htt|it, be mmtiU' to recogni^ xftiunrif, from 

the dil1en*iux> which mtMt niiliindly have 

tiiken (>Ii«'e in your stnttirc tinil ttppcurmicc 

■ifuvlicMtwyou Ii^st. I hnvc been rambling 

thnnijtli I'ortiiiriil. Spnin, {Jrcccc.&t. ftc. for 

:i "I luivffound M) nuny cliaiiccs 

< < 'liitt it would be very iinmir 

I I'll iluit yon should hiive hail your 

I iltiTiiliiHi HiiH iiiiprovcnH'ut with 

:\'^ .t-i, 1 write to request II fuvoiir of yoti : 

n little iKty of eleven jeiirs. the son of Mr.**, 

my puniculur friend,* w ulKHit to become nn 

l^^toniiin, iiml I 5hould esteem unv act of 

prulcclioii or kiivlnesK to him as an obligation 

to myself: let me beg of you then to take 

some little notice of him at first, till he is 

able to shift tor hiiii!>elf. 

" 1 was huppy to htsir a very favourable 
account of you from a srhoolfctlow a few 
vceks ago, and should Ur gla*l to Icam that 
your family are aa well as ! wish thcin to 
'>p. I [)rt-^5ume you are in the upper school ; 

^09 an Elunian, you wit! look down upon 
a tiarrow man ; bin I never, even in niv 
boyish days, disputcil your superiorilv. which 
I once experienced in a cricket tnntcK, where 
I had the honour of making one of eleven, 
who were beaten to thdr hearu' content by 
your college in one immgi. 

" Believe mc to be, with great tnith, 
&c. &i. " B." 

Ou the 27th of Febninr>% a i]a\- or two 
before tlie appearance of Ciiilde Ilarold. he 
made the first tiial of hia cloqucuo: in the 


Houite of Lords ; and It waA on this occatioD 
he hud the good fortune to become ac- 
quainted with Lord Holland, — an acquaint* 
anee no less honourable than gratifying to 
both, aa having originated iu feelings the | 
moBt generauB. perhaj^is. of our uuttire i a 
rcikdy forgirenesa of injuries, on die one 
ddc, and a frank and luiqualiftcd atonement i 
for them, on the other. The subjen of ' 
(lehnte waa the Nottinglinm Fmnuvlircidini; 
Bill; and, Lord Byron hnving mentioned to 
Mr. Kogers bin intetilioti to take a |iart ia 
the lii^cus&ion, a communicalion watt, by ll^e 
intervention of that gentleman, opened !w- 
twccn the noble poet and Lord Hollaiiil. 
who, witli hi& u^uul courtesy, profcsacd hui>* 
self really to uiford all the information ind 
advice in his itower. llic following letters, 
however, will best cxpbuu their first ad- 
vances towards actjiiain lance. 


- FoliraBj 4. ins- 
" My dear Sir, 

" With my best acknowledgments W 
Lord Holland, I have to offer my perfect 
concurrence in the jjropriety of the qticslinn 
prcviouftly to be put to miniaters. If ibi-ir 
answer is in the negative, 1 &haU, nitk hit 
Lord&hip'ti apprnlNition, give notice ofo mo- 
tion for n Committee of Inquiry. I wouU 
also ghully avail myself of his mobt able 
advice and any information or doeumenu 
with which he might be plcaKed (o intnut 
me. to bcur me out in the statement of &ru 
it niav Ik; nei'i-sMU-v to submit to the House. 

*' I^roin all that tell under mv own oloerr- 
ntion during my Chri*ttma» vi«it to N'ewstcad. 
1 feel convinceit that, if cuncitialon/ measures 
are not \ety soon adopted, the nia«t unhai>(n 
consequences may be apnreheruled. Nigbih' 
outrage .-umI dnilv deprcuntion are olreadv ^ 
their height ; and not only the masters of 
frames, who are obnoxious on account of 
their occupation, but persons in no degree 
connected with the uialecontcnts or tbrif 
oppressors, arc Itablc to instilt and pillage. 

" I am very much obliged to you for the 
tnmblc you have taken on my account. anJ 
l>cg yuu to believe ntc ever your obliged anil 
sincere, &c.* 


- li. St. JaaiM'i Sbwc, Fabnw]r & IIU. 

" My T.ord, 

"With my best thanks, 1 have the 
honour to return the Notts, letter to your 
Lordxhip. 1 hare read it with atu-ntion, 
but do not think 1 Khali venture to wnSi 
inyBcU* of its ooatento, ad my view of tbe 


^r. 2*. 



nnr^on illfleni in some mcunire Oram Mr. 
( llltuiii's. 1 hope- 1 da not wrong him, 
Lhu Am objfction* to ihc hill ftppfsir lo me 
to br fdinulcii on certain a|)[irchL-iisions that 
he iin<l hU coadjutors might be niistnkcn 
(or \he ' ofiginnl adruers' (to f|iioti> him) o(" 
the measure. For my own iwrt, I consider 
tbe nmnufacturen as a much injured body 
of men, sacriBced to the views of ccrtaia 
iadividuala who have cnrithcd theniseU'eH 
by those prnctices which have deprived the 
fiiuutvwurkeni of eni[>lojiQent. For in- 
stinre ; — by tlie iiiJuptiuii of a certain kind 
, of frorat. one man ni'-rforiiiH the work of 
leveii — six are thus tttniu n out of busincsii. 
But it is tu be observed that the work thus 
ikme is far inferior in i]iiiintv, hiinDy iimrkrt- 
tUe at home, and hurried over uitJb u licw 
ta exportation. Surety, my Lord, however 
9c may rejoice in any improvenR'nt in the 
art! which may t>c iKneficial to mankind, 
tre miutt not uHow niunkimt to l>c iiacriliced 
to im|irovcnient!t in mechanism. The main- 
tenance and well-doini; o{ the iiidustriotis 
poor is an object of px-ater fonscijncncc to 
the coniuHinity than the enrichment of a 
few monopolist:! by any improvement in tbti 
aoplcments of trade, which de|invea the 
workman of his hreod. and renders the 
tiboiircr " unworthy ot' his hire." My own 
taotive for oj>]ioMin£; the bill it* founded on 
itn palpable mjuHtice. and it)' certiiin inefh- 
CKT. 1 have hccn the state of these misc- 
fiblc men, nml it is a disgrace to a civilised 
countr}'. Their rxccaaca may be condetnned, 
bat cajuiot W liulyct't of wonder. The 
■feet of llie present bill would be to iHve 
then into actual rcMlion. The few words 
IeIuUI venture to ullcr on Thursday will be 
fittadcd umm tUc^c opinions formed from 
Bf ovm olMcrvQtions on the Goot. By 
preriou^ inquir}*, I am convinced tneae men 
vonld have been resiore«l to eraploymrnt, 
' tlto county to tramtuilUty. It is, perhops, 
yet too late, and n surely worth ine 
plriaL It can never be too liUc to employ 
force in such circuuiBtanccs. I beheve your 
Lordahip does not coincide with me entirely 
OQ this subject, and moet cheerfully and 
■nccrcly :thaJI I itubmit to your superior 
Judgment and experience, and take &ouie 
uthcr line of argument u^in»t the bill, or 
be bilent alto{,'etlier^ should you deem it 
QKire ailviuible. Condemn in [t, as oery one 
muHt i-ondemn, the conduct of these wretches, 
I Ixslievc in the exirtence of grievances which 
Call nilhur for pity than punishment. I 
hare the honour to be, with great respect, 
my Lord, your Lordship's 

** Most obedient and obliged servant, 

" BVROJf.* 

" p. S. — I am a Ultle apprehensive that 
your Lordship will think nitr too Irniint to- 
wards tlirtfe men, and half a Jiwne-drvaier 

It would have been, no doubt, the am- 
bition of Lord B^Ton to aeqiure di^ti^clion 
as well in oratory* as in poesy ; bnt Nature 
seenix lo set her«df against pturulilicn in 
fame. He had prepared himself for this 
debate, — as most of the beat orators have 
done, in their first essavM, — not only by 
composing, but wHtini!: down, the whole of 
his speech beforehand. The recepiion he 
met with was flutterini;; some of llie m>hli' 
speakers on his own side complimunietl him 
vcrj' wamilv ; and that he was Kunself highly 
plea'teil with \ixn Mirress, iinpeiirR fn>ii7 the 
aimexed account of Mr. Dailai', which nive« 
a lively notion of his boyish elation on the 

" When he left the greet chamber, I went 
and met him in the pa.s.sagc ; he was flowing 
with (tuccess, and much agitated. ] liad an 
umbrella in my riirfit hand, not cxpectiiig 
that he would put out hifi hand to me ; — 
in my haste to take it when offcrml, I had 
advanced my left hand — ' \NTiat I ' said he, 
' give your friend your left hand npon.iurli an 
ocooMDn y ' I ithowcd the cause, and imme- 
diately changing the uniba-lla to the other 
hand, I gave him my right hiuut, which he 
hhook and pressetl warmly. He wa* greatly 
ctaiLil, and repeated some of tJie corapliments 
which had been paid to him, and mentioned 
onr or two of tlie peen* who hnd dfnirett to 
Ih.* introduced to him. He coiicludi-d with 
saving, that he had, by his speech, dven me 
the beiit a^Ivei-tiKeinent fur Childe llarold's 

The speech itself, as given by Mr. DallajY 
from the noble npettker's own mnnu5cnpt, is 
pointed and vigorous ; an<l the tvanie sort of 
mtcrcNt that is felt in reading the poetry of 
a Burke, may be gratitied, perhaps, by a 
few specimens of the oratory of a Byron. 
In the very upeniiii* of hi-i !i|k"ccIi, he thii.f 
intnHluces himself hv the melancholy avowid, 
that in that assembly of bis brother noblea 
he stood almost a stranger, 

" As a person in some di^ee connected 
with the suflering county, though a stranger 
not only to this House in general, but to 
almost every individual whose iitti-ntinn I 
presume to solicit, 1 must claim itonie piirtlon 
of your Lordships, indulgence." 

The following extnitts i-omprise, I ihiidc, 
the pa-ssagcK of lUOHt spirit : — 

" Sv'hcu we ate told that these men arc 
Ici^cd together, not only for the destruc- 
tion of their own comfort, but of tlicLr very 





nteans nf subsistence, can we for^t that it 
is ihe bitter |H>lir_v, the ilrslnirttve wiirliirc, 
of ihc Iftftt righiecn years which has dc- 
Btroyed their conifort, jour comfort, all 
men's conifnrt ; — that (MjUcy which, urigi- 
nating with ' great statesmen now no more,' 
htu eumvcd the (lend to become u ciirte on 
the living, unto the third and roiirth gene- 
ration t These men nc%'cr destroyed their 
looms till they were become useless — worse 
than u-selcxH ; till they were JH-cuiue uctuul 
impediments to their exertions in obtaining 
their daily bread. Can yon then wonder 
tiiHt, in time* like these, when bunkrni»l<,-y. 
convicted fniud, and imputed telonv*. are 
fuund ill a Htation not far bcncuth tliut of 
your Lurdsliijis, the lowest, though once 
most useful, portion of the people should 
for^ tlieir duty in their distresses, and be- 
come oidy le^s piilty than one of their 
representatives ? But while the exalted 
oni*ndcr cim find ntcans to baffle the luw, 
new capital punislnnentn must be de\'iscd, 
new unureii of death unuiC tie spread fur the 
wretched mechanic who is fnniihhcd into 
fniilt. Thi'M! men were willing to dig, but 
the ipade wu.s in other hands ; they were 
not iishamcd to be;;, but there was none to 
relieve tbem. Their own nicaiiji of auhaist- 
cncc were cut otT; oil other cmploymcuts 
pre-occuppied ; and their excesse^t, however 
to bo deplored or condejnned, con hardly be 
the subject of surprige. 

" 1 have traviTnetl the sent of war in thr 
Pcninauln ; I have l>cen in some of the most 
oppreMe<L provinceM of Turkey ; but ntn-er, 
under the tuont despotic of infidel govcni- 
nicnts did I behold such scjunlid wretched- 
ness us I have seen since my return, in the 
very heart a( a Chrixtiai) country. And 
what are your remedies? After months of 
iniu.*tiuu, uiid uionths of action worse than 
inoctK-ity. at length comes forth th«: grand 
BpeciAc, the ncver-fnilini; nostrum of all state 
pnyxicians fn>»i the day^i of Draco to the 
present time. After feeling (he pidu-. and 
dukint: tlie head over the patient, preserihiiiy 
the usual course of warm water and bleeding 
— the warm water of your mawkish poUce, 
and the lanccUf of vour military — these 
convulsions must termm.ite in ileath, the sure 
consummation of the prfj»criptinn)t nf nil 
political Sangmdos. Scttii4 a^idc the \pa-\- 
pablc injustice and the certain inefficiency hf 
the bill, are there not car>itaJ punishments 
sufBcient on your statule-h ? Is tliere not 
blood enough upon your penal code, that 
more must be poured forth to ascend to 
heaven and te-stify acuinst you? Mow will 
you carry tJiis bill into effect ? Can you 
commit a irbole county to thor own prisons ? 


Will you erect a pibbet in crery 6clJ. ind 
hang up nK;n like hc'uiX'-erow}> ':' or will \ov 
proceed (as you must, to bring this iiiejiJ.iirc 
mtn effect,) by deeimaliiin ; place the country 
under martial law ; depopulate and hiy vnAt 
ull around you, and re'ftore Sherwood' Forert 
as an acceptable pit to the crowu in iu 
former condition of a royal chase, atul in 
adytum for outlaws ? Are these the remcdia 
for a Rtarving And denptTate populace ? W~il 
the fiuui^hed wretch who hax brarcd your 
bayonets bo appalletl by your gibbet*? 
U'hcn death is u relief, and the only reliefs 
ajipeani that ^ou will aflurtl him, will he be 
drocoonod into tranquillity ? Will iliat whidk 
could not be eifecte<i by your crenadicrs, be , 
ai'Com{)li.ihed by your executioners? If you I 
proceed by the fonns of laws, where is your 
eviiience i' Those who refund to impcarh 
their accomplices, when transportation nnt) 
was the punishment, will hardly be temptei 
to witness ui|;ainst them when death is tbc 
penalty. With all due deference to the 
noble lords opposite, I think a httle mvei^ii- 
^tion, some prei-ioun inquiry, woidd induce 
even them to change their purpose. Tluit 
most liivDurite state measure, so morveUnual^' 
efficaciouii in many and recent instaocm. 
Irmftoruing, would not be without its ad* 
vantage in this. When a proiwsol is nwle 
to cmimcipate or relieve, 3 ou tiesitate, you 
deiilKTBte foryears, you temporise and tam- 
per with the uiinds of men ; but a de«tb4iU 
must be pBSsi.>d off hand, without a thoc^ 
of the coiwequences." 

In reference to his own parliainentaiy tli** 

S)lay<t, and to this maiden speech in particubtr. 
fuiit the Ibllowing remtyks in one of liii 
Journals : — 

" Shcridan'ii liking for me (whetlicr be 
was not mystifying mc I do nut know, but 
Lady (Jarobne Lamb and others told me thxl 
he said the some both l>cfore and after be 
knew me,) was founded ufKui ' £uj(liU 
Hanls and Scotch Reviewers.' lie told BK 
that he did not care al>c>ut poetry, (or alioul 
mine — at least, any hut thai {XHrni uf miae,) 
but he was sure, from /Aa/ and other.s>tiiptoiP*. 
1 should make an orator, if I would but take 
to speaking, and grew a pu-liament laui. 
He ne^'er ceased harping u[K>n this to me to 
the la*it ; and I remember my old tutor, lit^ 
Drury. hud the oatue notion when I was 
bf^ : but it never was my turn of jnclinaDi 
to tr>'. 1 spoke once or twice, as all you 
peers do, 11s a kind of introductkm ilil 
public Ute : but di.isipation, shyne^ Hau{ ' 
and reserved opinions, tOf;e'ther with tKi 
-•ihort time I lived in Englimd after my ma-' 
jorit% (only about live years in all ^ pn.'%'cnted 
Doe Ijum resutuiug the expcriiueut. As £ff 

JEr. 2*. 




Is it wt-nt, it was not iliscouragin";, perti- 
CiiWIv inv lirtt Kpmch (I epokc three or 
bur tanvi in all) : but ju^t nttiT it, iiiv {loctii 
Childr 1 liiriiiil vva publi&hcil, unJ iiobocljr 
thought about my prate afterward!), nor 
•d dill 1 ; it twc-nuic to mc a secondary 
nriilfcteil object, though f M)mt>timeti 
[voiKlcr to myscit' if I should luivc sui-- 

I Hii immediate impressions vitb respect to 

feuecess of his nrt<t r>{)cf(-h may he ad- 
id frnni a letter addressed itoou ultcr to 


- a. Si. Janm't Mreel, March a. Ull. 
j*Hy dear Ilodgsoo, 

" We are not answcmblo for rqiorts of 
..chea ia the p«ncr« ; th«y are always 
'cn incoirectly, &nu on ih.\n n<-ca.<>ion inure 
K tlum iisaal, from the debate in tJie 
Conmioiu on the mine night. The Koniinjt; 
Post ahnutd \\mctaiAnf^ktrcn ifcarfi. How- 
rrtr, you wilt 6nd the speech, us M|iokeii, in 
Hk rarluincnUrv Kejiixter, wliim it come.'i 
out. Lords liullaiid and Grenvillc, jiiirli- 
tubrly the latter, paid me some high com- 
>GroeDts m the course uf their speeches, 
U yw\ mstj have seen in the pn|ierH, und 
Lords EldoQ and Harrowby answered me. I 
have had namj uiar^'eUou.s eulogies rejiented 
to nte siDcr, in permn and by proxv, from 
iir0s persofu mnuicria/ — yen, tiiinuteriaJ ! 
— as well u oppOkitioiUsls ; of thiin I shall 
Bnly iDcntioa Sir F. Burdett. JIc »ays it is 
lt.e he«t speech by a ford since the ' Lont 
Uni«r> when,* protwbly irom a relluvr-fceliiij; 
Dtttc )«nciiuL-nt4. Lord H. telU me I sUail 
them all if I persevere ; and Lord tf. 
thnt the cmistniction of some of 
■iiKla arc verj' like Burke't^ \ I And so 
for vanity. I Hpofce very violent son- 
tcDccs with a sort of nindest impudence, 
ibuwd every thing and every body, and 
Ql the Lord rhunrellor very much nut of 
mMiur i and if I nuty believe what 1 hear, 
■reoot lost anycharaetcrby the experiment. 
U to my delivery, loud mid lluenl enoiigli, 
ohacpn a little theatrical. I could not 
wngniae myself or any one cUe in the ncwd- 

■ My poesv coidcs out on Saturday. 
lohhou^ ia nerc ; t shtdt tell htm to write. 
Ky stone is cone fur the f>reaent, Imt 1 (ear 

' cn* owptat 1> Drrdaa*! : — 

to Um> li\Juivd i5ot1i WImit, 
BoVr (MuUun wha coBunlt Ui* wrong. "J 

tlMcr.tballoBOurabla lire. l.«<|h, uMatdw 

IB part of my habit. Wc ail talk of a visit 
to Couibridge;. 

" Voura ever, " B." 

Of the same date as the atiove is the foU 
lowiijfj letter to Lord Holland, ftccomfiunying 
acopy of hiK new juibliciitiitu, uiul wrillen iit 
a tone that cuunot fail tc give u litgli idea of 
his t;ood fecUiig aud caiuiour. 

Lcmmtil. TO LORD imi,t.ANn. 

•' St. iiinrt'% .StreK, Mufh S. 1811. 

" My Lord, 

" May I requent your Lordship to ac- 
cent u copy of the thing which lu-compiinies 
thw nole 'f You have jdrcjidy so fully proved 
the truth of the first line of I'opeii i-ouplet ', 

** * Forfittncu to the tnjarcd dotti U-liiiiji,' 

that I long for an opportunity to give the lie 
to the verse that ioilows. If I were not 
pcriiTtly convinced that any thing I may 
have funncrly uttered in the lK>v>Kh nuhncss 
of my misplaced resentment Bud made as 
littk iniprcRsion at it deserved to nudte. ! 
should hariUy have the confidence — (lerhaps 
your LordAhin may give it a ^troitger und 
more appropnate appetktion — to send you 
a cputrtu of the ^anie hcribMer. But your 
IxirtUhip, I nm sorry to observe to-iiay, is 
troubled with the gout ; if my tuiok can pro- 
duce a !mt^h itnelf or the author, it 
will be of Home iter\'ice. If it can K«t you 
to xinrp, the benefit will be yet greater ; and 
as some facetious personage observed half a 
century ago, that ' poetry ia a mere drug.' 1 
oHet you mine as a humble aKNi^tant to the 
' eau medicinule.' I tnut tou will furgivc 
ifiis and all my other buffooneries, and bc- 
hcve njc to be. with grmt respect, 

" Your Lordhhip'K obligt;iI ami 
" Sincere servant, 

'• BVBON.' 

It was within two days al^er his speech in 
the House of Lnrdn that ChiliJe Harold 
appeared * ; — and the imprc-'Nuion which it 
produced upon the public was as, in!)tunin> 
neous us it has proved deep and lasting. The 
pcmmncnce of mich success gcnins almie 
could secure ; but to its in&tant und enlhu- 
sia&ttc burst, other causes, bcaideii the merit 
of the work, concurred. 

There arc those who trace in the pecu- 
liar chamctcr of Lord Hyrona genius stroi^ 

fini prrM-nUMonrai^lM vuM9»,wlth Itw Mlaiiliij la- 
KTlptloa Id It : _ 

" To AaRiiati, my <I*ar«ft wUmr, and my brit frivn-l. 
dlM) lias mr hivHl ne iBilch bettfv (ban I dpt«Mr>l. Ilil* 
rolum^ l> prrtcfiiM t>r hvr/laiArrl MR, Hid man *flfev- 
Uonate turotitrr, ~ B." 







features of relntionsfiip to the UnicM in which 
lie livcii ; who think that the ffnM. evciiti 
which markcil the close of ihc lut century, 
by eiving a new impulse to men's mindtt, by 
babiMiating thnu to the; claritif! and the free, 
nnJ allowing full vent to " Uk- HoAh and out- 
hrcak of fiery Bpiritij," hail leU naturally to 
the production of such a poet as B>Ton ; 
and that he wa^, In short, as much the child 
and representative of the Kevolution. in 
poesy, aa nnuthcr ^eat man of [be a^^e, 
NHfHik'on. was in KtatcMiiHnHtiip aiul warfare. 
Without going the full Icn^h of thin notion, 
it will, at kiist, be concctled, that the free 
loose which hiui been given to all tlie xhih- 
sions and energies of ike human minu, in 
the great stru^e of that period, together 
with the constant spectacle of such astound- 
ing viciii.titudcif as were pa.sHtng. almost 
daily, cm the theatre of tbc world, had creat- 
ed, in all minds, and in every walk of in- 
tellect, a taste for strong cxcitcircnt, which 
the KtimnlanLs supplied fruEuorilinury sourcex 
were iiisullicient to gratllj' ; — that a tame 
deferiftice to established anthoritiea had fall- 
en into disrepute, no Ic&s in literature than 
in polttica ; and that the poet who should 
breathe into hi<t songw the Bcrcc and p»s- 
(•ionalc spirit of the ai.'c, and a>>M>rt. nntnini- 
ntelled and unawcd, the high dominion of 
genius, voidd be the most sure of an audience 
toned m sympathy with his strains. 

It is true thnt, to the licence on religious 
Bubjtcts, which rcvL-lhul tlirongh the first 
DftJi of that treiiienJou.i dnuua, adlsponition 
of an opposite tendency had. for &ome tiine, 
siiccemi'il, Agiiiiist the wit of ihe scufflT, 
not only piety, but a better tiwtc. revolted ; 
and had Lord Byron, in touching on such 
thcmcn in Cliildi- ILiroM, mloptpd a tone of 
le«ty or derision, (snch as, unluckily, hf 
Mmu'time-i nflerwimU di'scfnded to.^ not all 
the orijjinalily mid iH-aiity of his work would 
have secured; for it a prompt or unconteKt- 
cd triumph. As it was, however, the f<:w 
(bshesoi t!ce|)tidsin with which he darkened 
his Htraio, far from checking his popukrity, 
were among those ottntctinnit which, as I 
have said, independent of all the cliarnm of 
the poetr>', accelerated and heightened its 
sucfTcss. 1'he rcligioiH fcviiiig that has 
sprut^g up through Europe since the French 
revolution — like the poliiica!! principles that 
have emerged out »f iht *.inie event — 
in rejecting all tlie licenliou»iies8 of that 
pi-rind, have prescri-ml much of its spirit 
of ti-cedom and inipiiri- ; and, among the 
best fruitK of thli enlarged and enlightened 
piety, is the liberty which it disjjoses men 
to uecurd to the opinions, and even heresies, 
of otiicra. To persons thus sincerely, anil. 


at the same time, tolerantly, dcvont. thfl 
spectacle of a great mind, like that of Brron, 
Inbouring in the eclipse of sccpticiam, could 
not Im* nlherwiiie than an object of deep and 
solemn interest. If ihi-^ bad already known 
what it wafi to doubt, themselves, they would 
enter into his fate with moumlul sympathy ; 
while, if safe in the tninquil haven of fiiitll, 
ihey would ll^L)k with [>ity on one who wai 
still a wanderer, Besides, erring and doric 
as might be his views at that moment, there 
were circuin<;UincpK in his character and &te 
that gave a ha{}c of better tltoughts yet dawn- 
ing upon him. From his ti-mperament and 
youth, there could be Utile fear that he wai 
vet hardened in bis heresies : and as, for a 
h«ut wounded like his. there wiis, they knew, 
but one true source of conm>latioa, so it wu 
hoped that the love of truth, so apnaretit in 
all h4- wnite, would, one day, enaUc him to 
find it. 

Another, and not the least of tliotecausrs 
which concurred witli the uitriusic ckiuBoT 
his genius to give an impulse to the tide of 
success that now flowi-d u|>on biui, was, tin- 
questionably, the peculiarity ot' his personal 
Kifttory and character. There had been, ir 
his vtrj' first introiUu-tion of himself to the 
ptililic, a sufficient portion of singiUaritv to 
excite titrong attention ami interest. W'hile 
all other youths of talent, in his high stotioiit 
an.- heralded into life by the applauses ami 
anticipations of u host of frii-rels, voting Br- 
ron stood forth alone, ununnouncctl bv either 
praise or promise, — the representative of 
an ancient lioimc, whose name, long lost in 
the gloomy solitmles of Newsleaul, seoDcd 
to liavt: just awakened from the sleep of faiV 
a ccnturv in his person. The circun»taiicet 
thnt. in siicfc-'wion. tollowcsl, — the prornpl 
vigour of hi.s reprisal upon the assailiuiD 
ofhih fame. — hi-v disappcaranec, after thi* 
achievement, from the scene of his triumpli. 
without deigning even to w:ut for the laiutls 
which he hod (^ncd, and his departure 
un u far pilgrimage whose limits he left to 
chance and inncy, — all these succeainvcin* 
cidents liuil thrown an air of adventure rotin<i 
the character of the young poet, uhich pre- 
pared his readers to meet half-way the in»» 
nre^Nlons of his genius. Instead of finilii)|| 
nini, on a nearer view, fall short of their 
imoginaiions, the new features of his disfO- 
sition now diHrlosed to them far outwent, lO 

[)cti:liarity and intiTest, what*wcrthcy might 
lavc preconceived ; while the curiosity and 
syt]i|>athy, awakened by what he suffemi to 
transpireof his hietor)-, were still more heiB^t- 
rned by the niystef)- of his idlusions to 
much that yet remained imtold. The laic 
lo&ses by ileath which he had sustabedti 


St. a*. 



and wbich, it was luanifest. he must dc-rply 
noumtxl. ^Te a reality to the notion formcil 
of hiiD b\' his admirors whieh M-'t-med to »u- 
thncisc tiicm in inuigining still more ; and 

K-S«t has been Mii<! of the i»oct Ymmg, that 
(bund out the art of "iiinking the pnhlk 
I pony lo his private sorrows," ma^ tie, with 
infinitrty more force und truth, applied to 
Lord Bvrou. 
On tKat circle of society with whom he 
immwHiifaily in contact, these pcrsorol 
tec* acted with increoxctL force, fnun 
assisted by others, which, to fciniile 
e-fpcciully, would hiivc presented 
icncy nf attriurtioii, cviin without tlie 
grtaX quiUit if* joined with thcui. His youth, 
— the nciblc hcnuty of his count if nance, and 
ito oonrtanC pWy of lights und !Jiudow»v — 
! gcnilmess uhis voice and manner to wo- 
'nand hia occasional huushtine^.^ to men,— 
ihe ollr^d flingiilnritics of hl<4 ntodt; of iii'v, 
which kepC curiosity ulivc and iimuisitlve, — 
«B thcM laser tmitn nnd hnbinides coucur- 
nd (Awards tlie ijuiclc sjiread of Mi f:ime ; 
■or can It be denied thut, muotig muiiv purer 
•tnirccs of IntereHt in his poem, the allusions 
ittiit-h lie makes to instances of " fucceti/tii 
p&iitoii''in hb career' were not witliout 
tliiir inHuenco on the funcies of that acx, 
»h(ivc wcoknca it is to he most casilyjuroo 
by tliosc ttho rnme rcconiiiiifncicd by tlie 
freotcM mimber of triumph:, ovrr otlicra. 

That his rank was al^) to be numbered 
aiaooff these extrinsic odvHuta^iLs :ip[H-:u^ to 
Invc been — panly, perhaps, from a feeling 
nfcDodevty nt the liiue — his own pcrsuRsion, 
'I niay nlnce a prcat deal of it,"" Bitid he to 
Mr. Dalus. "to my bciiiRa lord." It niiijht 
be Nqipoacd that it is only on a pink uiferior 
to ha own .tuch a rluimi could operate : but 

"^ uiccch iR, in itself, a proof, tluit in 

wnAte\'cr is the advaiuof^e of bciii<r 
ttorc felt and apprcciuted than .imoni; 
(iciblr« thcnisel%'e«. It was, altto. natural 
thu, in that circl«, the aduiiration of the 
poet ahould be, at least, cjuickenctl by 
tbr CDCwidcrDtioa that he luid sprung up 
_ ihemadvcs, aud that their order had, 
H lo^h, produced u man of genius, by 
■luiD the arnnn of contribution, long due 

' * Uttlr konr (be, tliu ftrcniliiir marble bnut, 
Ko« iMik'al IB lOnK*. ur «IUihe>(l bf prUc, 
W«* Mt UMUUUI !■ lh« f poDM*! vt, 
And ttnad lU uum Ucecttoitt tut and mUt." 
CMi* HvoM, Caotu M. 

Wm hnv Wr« «noth<rr (Mtsaw o< lila pfopciiinir li> 
* ■iw ^yr ' w* n t U t nn - llo««¥«r HtW Wltgtt h«*» lirm 
m IrtacMlarillei at kit faU^i^b 11(i>. mh-Ii jOinuc* w the 
<n of ih« Mwitlvr " (inil "iptmllDy iii«r««" wm in 
p*k* ip^tuhW lo Ihrm. ['- 1 un not » JiMvpb." 
Wim»lmA9fnm, In Itrjl, " mor m Sd|>io; but I tm 

from them to thr treasury of English litera- 
ture, would be at once tally and splendidly 

Altogether, taking into consideration the 
various points I have hen; ciiuinemttHf, it 
niaj be assertetl. that never did there exist 
before, and it is most probable nn-er willexi;at 
again, a combination of such vast mental 
power and aurpasdng geniuE, with so many 
other of those advauta^ics luid attructiona, 
by which the world is, hi gentnil, duz/lcd 
and ciiptivatfd. The cflbct was, accordinply 
electric; — lii^ fimic luul not to wait for 
any of the ordinary gradations, but !-tTincd 
to fiprinp up. like the palace of a fairy 
tale. Ill a iiiKUt. As he himself briefly dt'- 
ncribcd it in liis memoranda, — -" I awoke one 
moniiiiy arid found myself fnmous." The 
first edition of his worii was dispuM^l of in- 
stantly ; and, as the echoes of its reputation 
multiplied on all sides, " Childc llarold" 
and ■■ Lord iJyron " became the theiae of 
evrrj- tongue. At his door, most of the 
ItuUiiij: names of the day presented them- 
selves. — home of llicm persons whom he 
hod much wronged in bis Satire, but who 
now forgot their resentment iii generous ad- 
mirutioa. From morning till nif-ht the moet 
Hattcfing te.stiiuonk*s of lii^i 5Ucc'e:»s crowded 
his tidilc, — from the crave tributes of the 
atatcsmaii luid the pliilosopher down to 
fwhut ilattcrcd him sliU rnure) the romantic 
bilfcl of some incognila, or the pressing note 
of invitation fruui some fiur Vader of fa- 
shion : nnd, in place o( the desert which Lom- 
dun hud l>eeii to him but a few weeki4 Itefore, 
hp now not only saw the whole splendid 
interior of High Life thrown open to rei'cive 
him. but founu himself, among its illustrious 
crowds, the most ilii^tinguiiiheil object. 

The copyright of the iKiem, which wns 
purchased bv Mr. Murray ioT (kX)/., he prc- 
MMitcd, in tlic most delicate nnd unosten- 
tatious iiiiuuLcr, to Mr. Ditilas ', saving, at 
the same time, that he " never would receive 
money for hia writines ;" — n resolution, the 
mixed result of geiien>Mty nnd pride, which 
h e afi erwards w i^ely abando mnt, thou^ 
liornc out by tlie example of Swift ' aind 
Voltaire, the latter of whom gave away most 

lafdr clUiD. tIkU 1 oenr In njr lift »<duccd on/ 


* " AtUr tprakinK t« blm af th« uUv, and ttttlUiit the 
new nUtlnn, I Mid, ' How can 1 poaaiblf think ut thU 
rapM »!(>. ami th* prolit* Ukelj tc ciuiw. vitboui imoI- 
liTtlng— '^' Wlial?'— ' TllWi«lialaun;i>Dr MorkBuy 
produrr.'— * I ihall tw njoked, ami wUb l( doubled umI 
tiedlnl ; InM ilnitol ulk lomo at money. %av^et allt rr- 
«lvv inoa*y lor my wrlltngi.' " — UaUat'M HrtoUxtrliomt. 

» ti> II hurr Ui PiillttMTT. IStli May, I73fl, Switl ••»■. 
" I Dercrfut alutl<l»sfur a»f Ihlni I writ, except onc^ 





of hts c<ip}'righM to Prault an<] othrr book- 
«ellen, unci receiv»l books, not money, for 
those lie dispohcd nf otliurwUf. To hU 
voung ['rienJ, Mr. Uanicss. it had been ht^ 
uilcntion, at first, to dciiicatc the work, but, 
oo further conuderatiun, lie reliiiijnhhcd 
Itts dcsifjn ; and iii u letter to thai gctitlenian 
(which, with some others, is unfortunately 
loiit) alleged, a» his n-asou for this cluu^jc, 
the [ircjudicc which, he foresaw, ttome partA 
of the poem would raise a;:ainNt hinisdi, &od 
hib fear lest, by any [Jossibilitv, a slinre of 
(he odium might so far cxtenif itself to his 
friend, as to injure hiiii in the prof(rssioD to 
which he was alHKit to devote hiriiiielf. 


Tlimiroi?*, — VISIT-* TCI Mi(ini.ETON, and 


Not Uhik ttftiT the imMicotion of CItilde 
llitrnld, t1ie noble luithor puid tiie u viisit, 
orte irii^niiri;:. and piittinu; a letter into rny 
haiid*, which he hiul juH received, requested 
that I would undertulo to manage lor him 
whalerer nroceeilings it niipht rpmler ne- 
eenftry. This letter, I found, had been de- 
livered to him by Mr. Lcckic ' (a gentlrmaii 
well known by a work on Siciliim afliurK), 
and caniu from a uncu active and popular 
member of the fashionable world. Colonel 
Orcvillc, — its purport being to require of hi;* 
LordiiUtp, iu§ iiutliorof " English fiartU," &c., 
such reparation us it wan in liia power 
to make for the injury which, as Colonel 
Orcvdle cnnceivud, ccrlatn pa.sKiigcti in that 

%ni thai ti)r Mr. Pope'i prudant RiKiiaircnietit tar me." 
[" Ttilp priibuMf lUludr* to Ciai|ir«>r'* TT■Tt■l^ ftir olilch 
Pupo ccradn] J obUiaed from Um bookvcUcf 3001. thtm 
nuty. howtfw. be t<nnt quettion, whrtlior lhl« mm wai 
naclcftat Pofie*i dlipMol, u writ u thu nhirb hr pit 
tbr the HUcdlinla, mil which &vinabanilon«] to bin." 
— Sn Waltsb Scott, Prait Worts, wl. a. p. ua.] 


satire, redecting upon his conduct m i» 
nngcr of the Argi-le Institution, wtre e^ 
culated to inflict upon his chanuiter. lalh 
appeal of the gallant Colonel, tfaoc war 
homi' evitres-sions of rather aa H>grr Oi^ 
which U^rd Byron, tiwugh fuUr consaooiflf 
the Wngih to which he himself had gooiv 
wiLs but little inclined to brook, and, on M 
returning the letter into his hands, fae m^| 
" To sticQ a letter as that there on be 
one sort of answer." He agreed, bo' 
to tniKt the matter entirely to my ducredas, 
and I liad, shortly aUtr, an intcrricw Tab 
the friend of Colonel (jreville. Bytlui|ei^ 
tlcuiau, who wa» tlien an utter stnu^ir to 
me. I was received with much court^. ud 
with cvury diapuoitjun to bring the amnriih 
triLsted to ns to on amicable issue. Oamr 
premising that the tone of his fricnd'f letar 
yu-Httl in the way of nc^liation. and thai 
some obnoxious expressionfi which it cui^ 
tainfd mnst be removed before I could pm- 
cecd a single btcp towards expUnation, he 
most readily consented to remove thii ob- 
tstaclc. At his rcquci^t I drew a peo acrai 
the parts 1 considered ohjcctionablc, ind be 
undertook to send me the letter re-writui 
next morning. In the mean time I rccdreil 
li'om Lord Byron the following paper ibrnj 
guidance : — 

" With rcgnrd to the paitsiigeon Mr. Wi/i 
loss, no unfair play was hinted at, as maybt 
seen by referring to the book ; and it is cx- 
presisly added, that the mojiagen unr 
ignormU of that trunsoction. As to the 
prevalence of play at the Arg>-lc, it 
Ih- denied thai there were bUhards and 
— Lord B. hu-s been a wittirss to the 
of both at the Arjn'le Hooms. Th&M^, it k 
presumed, cotiic under the denominatiua d' 
play. If play be allowetl. the President of 
the Institution can hardiv complain (^beii^ 
termed the "Arbiter ot' Play*. — or vbtf 
becomcH of his authority ? 

" Lord B. has no personal animosatj to 
Colonel Greville. A public institution, tA. 
which he liimself wa^ a subscriber, be 
aidered himself to have a right to notice 
licitl^f. Of institution Colonel Gr 
was the avowed director; — it is too late 
to enter Into the discussion of its merits or 

" Lord B. must leave the discussion of 

• (Could Fnuicli I.«c]ii«>, P.«()., autlior nf an " ID* 
tarlcal Surner of Uie YonAto AflUn ot Gnat Brlldai** 
nil " lUdnrlcal B«MUch Idlo tb« Nuur* of tin JUkmm 

of Power In Kuro|w," waA othtr trartii.] 
i [■■ Bi-KdIiI tltrnew P<!<ranlDi(irt.h«d«]r. 
Our arbiter of plHum ^ul or pUf. " 

3iw H'oria, p. 431.1 



At. 24. 


1 01 

the reparation, for the reni or Hiippntiud in- 
jary, to Cototicl H.'h friend, nnd Mr. Moore, 
the fiioid of l^rtl B. — Iwggtng thccn to re- 
collect clmt, whiU> they cannilLT Colonel G.'a 
bonoor. Lord B. must also luaintfiiii hi.sown. 
If the business can be scttJcd ainicobl)-, 
Lonl B. willito ax much n.s c:an anil might 
Id lie dooe bv a man of hormur towarJK con- 
ctbition ; — ifnot, he must satisfy' <-^>loiie!G. 
in the manner most conJucti'e to liis furtlicr 

b the morning I received the letter, in 
its Dcw farm, from Mr. Leckic, with the an- 
Wied note : — 


" I fi>un<l my friend very ill in bed i he 
bw, bowCTcr, manured to copy the enclosed, 
with the altcmiions pro[)oscd. Pcrlmjis von 
mty wi»h to -irc mc in the morning ; I ftholl 
therefore tic gbd to svc ymt any lime till 
Ivdve o'clock. If you rather wlfti mc to 
call oo you. tell mc, and I shall obey your 
■ameona. Yourft, very tnilv. 

" G; F. Lkckik." 

With nidi bdlities towards penfication, 
It ik almost nocdIfTis to ntld that there wiu 
but Uttle delay in settling the matter ami- 

While i^Mn this subject, I shall avail my- 
Mlf of the opportunity which it affords of 
cUtactiiig an amuxing accouiil given bv Lord 
^rron tumstrif of some affkirs of tiiia dc- 
■liptinn. in which he was, at different times, 
aaphytd as mediator. 

" I have been called in as mediator, or 
Mcood. at letist twenty times, in I'iolcnt 
flMfrela, and hare always contrived tc net- 
de the business without compromising tliu 
hoDoor of the parties, or lending them to 
nonal consequences, nm) this, too, sometimes 
il ttiy difficult and delicate circmustances, 
aad haiioe to deal with vcph' hot and huuKlity 
ipiHtii, — Irishmen, gamesters, guardsmen, 
aptaina, and ecxneta o( horse, and tdc like. 
This was, of course, in my joutli, whi-n I 
S?cd in hut-headed cumpnnr. I have hud 
toauTj challenges from gentlemen to tiuhle- 
BVn, 6rtKn capcams to captains, from lawyers 
to counsellors, and once from u r1erg\-ninn 
to m oKcer in the Life (itiardft ; but I found 
Ibe bttcr by fiir the most difllailt, — 

" * tocoinpo«« 
Tliff Woodr dHd wlihout Lilowi,'— 

tht bunoeas being about a woman : [ must 
add, too. that I never saw a hi^hhiu behave 
so in, like a cold'hloodeJ. heartless b — us 
■be vaa, — but very handsome for all that. 

A certain Susan C • • was she cidlcd I 
never saw her but once ; and that was to 
induce her but to say two words (which in 
no degree coiiijironii-ted herself), and which 
would have had the effect of saving a prie>t 
or a lieutenant of cavaU^*. She would not 
say thpm, and neither Nepean ' nor nij.self 
{tlie son of Sir Evan Nepeun, and a friend 
to one of the parties) could prevail upon 
her to say thein, though both of us tigc« to 
deal in HOine sort with womnnkind. At last 
I managed to (juict the combatants without 
her talisman, and, 1 believe, to her great dis- 
unpointment : tihe was the dumntHlest b^ 
that I ever saw, end I have seen a great 
many. Though my clergyman vaa sure to 
lose either his life or his living, he was as 
warlike as the Biahop of Beauvaw, and would 
hardly be pacified ; but then he was in love, 
and that in a ntimini passion." 

However disjiffi-ccablc it was to 6n>l the 
ronspqufnces of his Satire thus rising up 
against liiiu in a hostile ^hBpe, ho was far 
more embnrrnsscd in those cases where the 
retribution took a friendly form. Being now 
daily in the habit of meeting and receiving 
kindnesses from personn who, either in 
themselves, or through their relatives, had 
been wounded by his pen, he felt every fresh 
inslance of courtesy from such (juarters to 
be, (as he sometimes, iu the strong language 
of Scripture, expressed it,) like " h(«ping 
coals of fire upon hia he-ad." Ue was, 
indeed, in a remarkable degree, sensitive to 
the liindtH'ss or dijipleasiircof thosehe lived 
with : and had he passed a life subject to the 
immediate influeticL- of societv, it may be 
donbtetl whether he ever would hove ven- 
tured upon those unbridled bursts of energy 
in which he at once demonstrated and 
abused his power. At the period when he 
ran riot in his Satire, society had not yet 
caught him within its pale ; and in the lime 
of hts C-ains and Don Jiians, he had again 
broken loose from it. Hence, liia instinct 
towards it life of Kolitiidt and independence, 
as the true element of his strtmgih. In his 
own ilomain of iumgination he could defy 
tiic whole world ; whiJe, in rial life, a frown 
or Bmile could rule him. The faculty with 
which he sacrificed his first volume, at the 
mere suggestion of hli friend, Mr, Becher, is 
a strong pnMif o( this pliableness ; and in the 
instance of Childu Iliirold, such influence 
had the opinioiiH of Mr. (iiHord and Mr. 
Dallas on his mind, that be not only nhrunk 
from his original design of idcntifjing himself 
with his hero, but surrendered to tncm one 
of his most favourite staiuaa, whose bete- 

I [Now Sir MoUdmix K*p«an, Dart.] 



roiloxy thcj- had objected to ; nor is it uw 
rauch.'pt'rhops, tn conclude, that had u more 
extended force of such inHucnrc then actcil 
upon him, he would have rnnhtntt'd to omit 
tbc Hccpticat parts of his [wvin uItiii;cthLT. 
Certain it is that, during the rcmnindcr of 
hiii stiiv in Englund, no Mich dnctrinch were 
era u^iiin obtnidful on his readers ; and in 
all those iH-aiitiful creatioas of his fancy, 
witli which he brightened that whole period, 
keeping the puUic eye in one prolonj^ gsxc 
of admiralion. IkhIi the bitterness and the 
licence of liU impetuous ''pint were kqit c*^ 
fectually under contnd. The world, indeed, 
had yet to witncM what he was capable of 
when emancipated from tlii» restraint. Fur, 
prnceful and |Hiwerful as were luit flights 
while MTcieiy had still a hold of hiin, it was 
not till let loose firom the leash thai he rose 
into the true resrion of hi« strength ; and 
though almost in proportion to that strength 
wu, loo frequentlv. nji aUine of it, yet bo 
magnificent arc t)ic %-ery excesses of such 
cBMfvy, that it is impoi^ibte, even while we 
condemn, not to adnnre. 

The occasion by which I have been led 
into thntc reiHarks, — namely, his semi- 
tiveneu on the subject of his Satire, — in 
one of those bi»tanceti that nhow how eutaly 
hia gigantic spirit cuuld tie, if luit held down, 
at wMt entangled, bjr the small Dea of 
society. The aggression of which he had 
been puilty was not only pmt, but. by inuny 
of those most injured, ferciren ; and yet. — 
highly, it nuiat be allowed, to the credit of 
hti Rocial leclinps, — the idea of liritig fa- 
mQiiirlv nnd friendlily with person*, re- 
9[»cctii*iji whose cliumctcr or talents there 
were such opinions of his on record. t>ecume, 
at len{|^h,inKiin]>i>rtableto him ; and, though 
far ndvimced ui o fifth edition of" English 
Bards," &c., be came to the resolution of 
Kupprvsoin^ the Hatire altogether : and orders 
were sent to C'awthom, the pubEshir, to 
eonimit the whole impression to the HameS'. 
At the same time, ami fmm »iniliir motives, 
— aided, 1 rather thiuk, by a friendly re- 
monKtrancc from Lord Elgin, or vrnnc of his 
connections, — the "(^un* of Minerva," a 
poeni levelted uiniinst that nobleman, and 
already in progress towards publication, was 
also sacritired ; while the " Hints from Ho- 
race," though containing &r less persona) 
satire than either of the others, shared their 

To exemplify what I have said of his 
extreme siMisibdily tu the passing auns.hine 
or eloudii of the society in which he livetl, I 
need but cite the following note<i, addressed 
by him to his friend Mr. William Bankes, 
under the api>rehcnsion that this gentleman 

van, for iome reason or other, disptcaMtt 
with him. 


- April m mv 
" My dear Bankcii, 

" I feel rather hurt (doC savagely) si 
the speech you made to me hist night, and 
my hope is, that it wa<i only one of your 
profatK jests. 1 should be \CTy sorry thai 
any part of my behnnour Rhould give yoa 
C8ii»e to supiKMc diat I think busier of 
myself, or otncrm-iee of you Uian i have 
always done. I can assure you thot I am 
as much the humblest of your servants as at 
Trin. Coll. ; mid if I hnve not been at hotac 
when you favoured me with a call, the loss 
was more mine than yours. In the butle 
of buzzing parties, there i^, there can be, no 
rational conversation ; but when I can eq)oy 
it, there is iiolKKly'a I can preftT to yow 
own. Believe lue ever faittit'ully nnd dhmI 
udeciiuiiately youm, 



•• My dear Bonkcs, 

" My eaeemesa to come to an explnh 
ation has, I truKt, convinced you tbit 
whatever my unlucky manner might iaoil- 
vertcntlr be. the change was n-s unmientiaiul 
as (if mtended) it would liuve been tis- 
gniteful. I really wan not aware that, whBe 
we were together, I had evinced such a^ 
prices ; that we were not so much in each 
other's company as I could have wished. I 
well know, but 1 think so acuU an abitiTer 
as yourself must have perceived coouril to 
t.ijilain (hit, without supposing any slight to 
one in whoM; society I have |>ride ami pica- 
sure. Recollect that I do not allude here 
to ' extended ' or ' extending' acquaintances, 
but to circumstances you will understand, 1 
think, on a little reflection. 

" And now, my dear Bankes, do not 
diiitress me by supposing that I can think of 
you, or you of me, otlicrwisc than I tnut 
WL' have long thouirht. You told me not 
long a^o that my temper was imjiroved, and 
I fthould be f>orry that opinion Ahtmld be 
rc\'oked. Believe roe, your friendship is of 
more account to me tlian all those absurd 
vanities in which, I fear, you conceive IM 
to take too much interest. I have never 
disputed your superiority, or doubted («• 
riously) your good will, and no one snail 
ever 'make miachief between iw" without 
the sincere regret on the part of your ever 
a^cctionate. &c. 

■* P.S. — t shall see you, I hope, at Lady 
Jcrsey'K. Hobbouse goes also." 


i Mr. 24. 



In the month of A|>ril he was again 
tanifted to try his succeui in the House of 
Loru3 : Bud, on the motion of I<onl Do- 
aooghroorc for tnkinp inio consi<icnttion the 
cUmi of the IrlsJi Cmliolics, ilclivercd his 
aentimeniA itr<)iu;ly in favour ol' the pro|jo> 
fhion. llis diiipby. on thiik occu&ion. Kccnis 
to fame been le^si [ironii^ing than in his finit 
tmmj, HiK ttclivm- van thinight niouth- 
Lrl^ uul theatrical, being infected, I tiike 
ncinl (having nuvt!r heard him )i[>i-idi 
nl). n-itJi the munc t-haniuig lone 
id hw recitation of poetrr, — 
contracted nt most of the public 
i, hut more purticulorly, perhaps, at 
Harrow, and encroachiiig just enough on 
the boundaries oT nong to offend those ears 
BKxt by vbicfa song in best enjoj'cd and 

Oq tiie subjct-t of the DeRotiation5 for a 
ebao^ of ministry which took place during 
tlbi scsMon, t find the following anecdotes 
rtcordeU in his note-book : — 

" At the opposition meetinp of the pcerB 
B I8t2, at iiord OmmIlc\ when l'i>rd 
(Jrey and he read to us the correspondence 
Ifoa Moini*5 necotiation. 1 satt* next to thig 
fnaatt Duke oi Oraflon, and said. * What 
B to be done next ■■ * — ' Wake the Duke of 
Koflulk* («bu tras Knorin^ uway neur us), 
rqiUed be: *[ don't think the ncsntiutors 
Mvc left aay thing ehtc for us to do tnts turn.' 
" In rfa« debate or rather diACussion, 
afrmrard]! in the House of Lords upon that 
ttn- uut-shon, I wtc immcxliately behind 
lord Moira, who was cxlxemely annoyed at 
<irry's speceh upon (he subject ; and, while 
(irrj van »|)cai(ing, tunicil roimd to me 
n^>catc<ll), and uaked me whether [ agreed 
vnh hiiD, It was an awkward (|uciftion to 
Be who had not heard both sides. Moira 
ktfH repeating to me. * It wan not to, it w»h 
u and »o,* &c. T <iiJ not know very well 
that to think, but I Hympnthiu-d witli the 
mteness of his feelinjpi ujhjh the subject." 

The fuhjcct of the Catholic claims wub, 
il '* wdl known, bniiipht fom-Rrd h »ccond 
Qme thia scwtton by Lord WcUesley, whose 
ontion for ii Aiture euneideration of the 
lOBcatioa was carried bv a majority of one. 
,«l rcfercace to this divmion, another rather 
_ aneedote ti tllua related. 
Lord Ektoo affects an itnitotion of two 
|*cn.- dilfereni C'haiiccMore, Tlmrlow and 
■lg|][K}rou>Eh. ajid can indulee in an oiUh 
and then. On one of the debates on 
Catholic ipieniun, when we were either 
" or within one ( I forj-et which), I had 
sent for in great haste tn a hall, which 
I ytfted , I cunfeui, Muuiewhat relurtuiitly, 
Onuicipatc five millions of people. I 

came in late, and did not go immediately 
into the body of the House, but stuod just 
Ivehiiid the woolsack. Eldon turned round, 
nnd, eatchinc my eye, immediately said to a 
[H-er, (who had come to him for a few 
minutui on tlic woolsnck, as is the cubtom 
of his friends,) ' Damn them I they'll have 
it now. — by G — J! the *otc tiiut is just 
come in will f;ivc it them."' 

Dtuiiijj; all this cinic, the impression trhich 
he had produced iji society, hoih lut a jioet 
and n man, went on daily increasing ; and 
the futility with which he giive himself up 
to the current of fiuhinnuhle life, nml min- 
elcd in all the piy scenes through which it 
led, showed that the novelty, al least, of tliis 
mode of existence had channs for him, how- 
ever he might estimate its pleasures. That 
sort of vanity which is almost inseparable 
from genius, and which con-tlots in an ex- 
trcnie sensitiveness on the subject of scV, 
Lord Byron, I need not say, possessed in no 
orilinary degree ; and never was there a ca» 
rccr in which this 5cnxibility to the opinions 
of other?! was exposed to more coustanl and 
variiius excitement thwn tliat on which he 
wae now entered. I find in a note of my 
own to him, written at this period, some 
jesting alliijiions to the " circle of stiir-gnitTw'* 
whom i had left nroun^E luni at Komc piuty 
on the preceding night ; — mid such, in fact, 
was tile Haltering ordenl lie had to undergo 
wherever he went. On iheKe occasions. — 
jmrticulariy before the range of hin acquaint- 
onee hud become sufficiently extenJed to 
set him wholly at his eabe. — his ur and 
port were those of one whose better thoughts 
were elsewhere, and who looked with me> 
tancbolv abstraction on the gay crowd around 
him. This dcijortmeiit, m) rare in such 
scenes, and so accordajit with the nunantic 
notions entt-niiiiied of him, was the re>ult 
partly of shyness, and jmrtly, [HThaps, of 
that We of ertect ami impression to Hbicli 
the [loeticnl rhiuiicter of hu mind naturally 
led. >ioihing, imleed. could be more amus- 
ing nnd deliiihiful than the eontrast which 
his mannem altprwards, when we were 
alone, presented to hi*, proud reser\'e in the 
brilliant circle we had just tefl. It was like 
the bursting gaiety of a boy let loose from 
sdiool, imd secnu'^d as if there was no extent 
of fun or tricks of which he was not capable. 
Finding him invariably thus lively when we 
were together, 1 often ndlicd him on the 
gloomy tore of his poetry, us a-sf-umcd j but 
his coiistiuit answer was (and 1 soon ceased 
to doubt nf its truth.) that, thougli thus 
merry and fiill of luughtcr with those he 
liked, he was, at heurr, one of the most 
melancholy wrctchen in existence. 
M « 





Among the numerous notes which T 
rccetvctl (i\>m hiia M this time, — ^sonie of 
tbem relatinti; to our joint engagements in 
society, ami otlicra to mnttcrs now Inrttcr 
forgotten, — 'I shall i^clc^ct a fcvr that (na 
showitig h)5 hauiiu-i nnd habitit) iiuty not, 
perhaps, be unintcregting, 

" Mmh ». IBIS. 
**Kllow dl men by tke<tc jircHcnts, that 
Tou, Thomu Moore, stanJ indictt-il — no — 
UiTlted, bj special mid partioilar •iolicitRtion, 
to I<mly V. L* •'» [('aroliiic Lamlt's] to- 
morrow evening, at huU'imst nine o'clock, 
where you will meet with a civil reception 
and decent cntcrlainment. Pniv. enmc — I 
was m cxanuncd alter you t-lim morning, 
that I entreat you to answer in ptTson. 
" fidliere me," &c. 

" Friday noon. 

" I should have nnswered your note ws- 
tcrday, but I hoped to huve Hceii yon ihia 
morning. I inu>>t consult with you alwut the 
day wc dine with Sir Francis. I suppose 
we shall meet nt IjkIv Sptnccr's to-iiiyht. 
I did not linnw thut von were at Muss Beny's 
the other iiight, or 1 should have certaiQly 
gone then.'. 

" Aft iiaiial, I am in all soils of scrapes, 
though none, at present, of a martial de- 

•■ Believe me," Sec. 

" I am too proud of being your friend, to 
care with whom I ain linked in your esli- 
matluii. uiid, <tud knows, I wuut friends 
xnore at this time than nt any other. I am 
•taking core of myself ' to no grcnt purpose. 
If yoti knew my situation in every [foint of 
Tiew, you would excuse apparent and un- 
intentional neglect. 1 shall Iraivc town. I 
think ; hut do nut yon li-avc- it wtthout 
seeing me. I wish you, from my soul, every 
hnppiness you can wihh yourself : and I think 
you have taken the road to secure it. Fi-aee 
be with you! I fear she has abundoned me. 
" Ever," &c. 

■ He hul UlMrt « nindaw appo*tl« for the purpoM:. and 
mt MConpanlHl cm the occulvti bftiii aid trhoolfitllchMi, 
Mr. Bflll«r BlMt Mr. John Mjulocki. Tluj wont tovrUier 
from «Hn» atwmbty, and, on tbrlr ikrri*inj( U tb« ipnt, 
ftboul llirrrnVl'Ki in thir murnlit|c, not AiuUbc tliv lioiiM: 
tliU wu to rM:iy<ro thtm op*ii, Mr. Hidodu undAtlonk 
tu ruiiie Uii' iuiiiAlri, ytliiXe Lurd llyrun and Hi. UnJtr; 
tauniprmi, arm In nrtn, up Ibp ttro>it. During thli In- 
Uirtal, tnthrr a iMlmful ic(nc occurred. Scririf an un- 
ImtanMia woiaan \j\a$ <n th* iMpt of ft donr. Lord 
Bjrnm. v'tb tome esprcMtin oT comiMUlDii, oAnd her 
a lew ihllUne* ; hut, Inifud 9f accrplliiir ihrm, ihr vlrt- 
leull/ [fiMlicd awiijr liU h^nd, and, iUrtii>e tip with a yeU 


" Uar ». lut 

" On Monday, after sitting up all night, I 
saw IkrlUiighiuu launched into eternity <, and 
at three the same duy I saw • * * launched 
into the country. 

" 1 believe, in the beginning of June, I 
shall be down for u few days in Notts. If 
so. I shall beat you up 'en passant* with 
llobhoiiKc, who u endeavouring, like you 
and every body else, to keep me out of 

" I meant to have written you a lung letter, 
but I find I cannot. If any thing remarfc- 
Me ori-um. you will hear it from me — if 
good ; if iW. there ore plenty to tell it. In 
the mean time, do you be happy. 

" Ever yours. &e. 

" P. S, — My best wishes and respects to 
Mrs. • « [Mocire) ; — she ia beautiful. I may 
say so even to you, for I was never more 
struck witi] a countenance." 

Among tlie tributes to hiit fame, thir 
spring, it should have been mentioned that, 
at some evening party, he had the boooor 
of lieinj; prchcntctl, at that royal penwu- 
ngc's own desire, to the Prince Regent, 
" The Urgent." says Mr. Dallas. " exprowrd 
his ailuiirution of C'htlde Han>ld't> I^lgrimaK 
and conliiuicd n comerMitton, which so »!• 
cinated the poet, that had it not been for U 
accidental deferring of the next Icrce, he 
luiilc fair to become a vi^titer at CarltMt 
House, if not a eomplcte courtier." 

After this wise prognostic, the writer 
adds, — "I called on him on the momij^ 
for which the levee h»iJ lieen H|ipointed, 
and found him in n full-drcss court wit of 
clulhe«. with his fine black hnir in powdir, 
wliich by no ineniis 8uite<l his countenance. 
I was surprised, na lie had not told me thsl 
he »>hould go to court ; and it seemed to mc 
H.'i ifhc thought it necessary to apologiBc fot 
his intention, by hi^ nlmerring tliat hecoulfi 
not in Ueccuty but do it, as the Regent hstl 
dune him tiie honour to siiy that he hoped 
to see htm soon at Carlton House." 

In the two letters that follow we find bis 
own account of the inLnjduclion. 

of LaujTbtrr, beipm to raicnlc Uie tanwtim of bli istt- 
Ht did nol utt«r a word t ImU " I cuuUI reel," taU Hr. 
Bailcsr. "hit ana ircmUiBC wltlilti mln«. ai wt left 

1 mny take ttili opporliuiltr of nMnthwiQi aiMttW 
anoodoO ct>nn(^oit wlib hi* l a pwoe aa . tn coniiHf Ml. 
one iiIkIiL, fnini a ball, with Mr. llogm, ai tliif wan oa 
ThpiT w.\7 [o thHr carrUst, oiw ol ilio linli-bap ran oa 
Ivfore Lord BjTon. cfylDK. " TTil* way, mf l.<ird."' — 
" Hn Hirau to kiujw you.'" iaid Mr. ICogcrs. — " Kno* 
me I" antwi^rpd Lord Bfraii, vith *nm« d«grc« of b*l- 
tcmitw In bit ti/Cu .— " every oav konwi m*. — I an de- 






- Jose 39. 1(1)1 

" My dear Lord. 

" I raubt a)ipcar -very ungrateful, and 
hwre. todccd, brcn vcr}- negligent, but till 
ififct night I wan iiol upprj^td of Ijidy 11 dU 
land'« rcstonition, and I shult colt to-morrow 
to have the satisfaction, I tnwt, of liearinn 
that she if well. — I hopi! that neither poUtics 
Bor gout have a»>hailcd your Lordship BiDce 
I Um »aw vDu, and that you also are *mt 
well a8 coufd be CKpected.* 

"The other night, at a IkJI, I was pre- 
scntol bv order tu uur grucioiu Ry^ient, who 
bonourci] nie with some convcraation, imd 
profissed a predilection for [Kictn-. — I con- 
fess it was a ntnst uncAjiected honour. ai)d 
I thought of poor Brummcirii adventure, 
with tome apprclieti!iion of a liimilur blunder. 
I have now great hope, in the event of Mr. 
I'rt's de<-ea»c, of * wurblinp truth ax court.' 
liJcc Mr. Mallet of indiflercnt memory. — 
Consider, one hiiiidre<i marks a year! besides 
tho wine and the disgrace ; but then renHine 
would Diake nie drown mystflf in my ovru 
butt before the year')* cud, or the fmishing 
of mv fimt dithymmbic. — So that, after all, 
I ahaii nut mediUtc our laureate's death by 
pea or poison. 

" Will vou present mv best rcspcctn to 
I^ly Iloftniid ? and behere me hen and 
yours vcrj- sincerely." 

The second letiiT, entering much more 
fullv intii the particular.i of this iiiicrriew 
with Hoyalty, was in answer, it will be per- 
ccive>i. to .lome imiuiries which !:*ir Walter 
Sc"tt (then Mr. Scott) had addresse*! to 
him on the subject ; ami the whole account 
rcBecta even still uii>rt> honour on tlic ^^o- 
TCRigD hiiusclf than on the two poets. 

•■ SC. Janu'i StTMt, Julr 6. 1B13. 


" I have just been honoure«l with your 
letter. — I feel wirrv that you should nave 
ihot^t it worth w^ilc to notice the 'evil 
wahmiari/y, and your c^tplunutiun is too kii>l 
■ot to ipve me paiu. The Satire wax 
written when I was vcrv young and vitv 
uigry, and fully bent on dUptayin}; my wnitn 
uu my wit, and now I am haunted by the 

' I" TiMr*. too, bi Mw (wbato'er b« iMf b* now) 
A PriBot, ih* prinn «f prlncM at Um Unv. 
Wltb mrtimka Id Mi vety tww. 
And laa •rpninlw, at Um qirlnc of prime. 

gho6t8 of my wholeMate assertions. I cannot 
suificiently thank ynu Iujt your jiraiM; ; and 
now. wavinc myself, let me talk (o you of 
the Prinee Regent. He nrJcred mc to be 
presented to hiin at a ball ; and after some 
(takings peculiarly pleaicing from royal lips, 
as to my own attempts, hi- talked tn me of 
you and your immortahticii : he prt;ferred 
you to every bard puat and present, luid allied 
which of vour works plcaaed mc mo«t. It 
was a difhcult i^ucstton. I answered, I 
thought the " Lav." He said his owd opinion 
was nearly similar. In speaking v( the 
others, I told him ihiu I ihuuj>ht yuu more 
particularly the poet of Pnm-ci, as f/itry never 
appeared more tiutcinutiiiu than in ' Munnion' 
and the ' Lady of the Lake.' He was pleaded 
to coincide, and to dwell on the description 
iif y<nir JameDCg an nn less roval than poet- 
ical. Ho spoke alternately of Ilomru' and 
yourself, a»d seeiued well acquainted with 
both : so that (willi the exception of the 
Tur^s and your humble servant) you wwe 
in %-cr\- good company. I dcfj' Miuray lo 
have exaggerated his Koyal Highness's opi- 
nion of your i>c)wer», nor can 1 pretend 
to enumerate all he said on the subject ; 
but i( may give you pleasure to hear that it 
was coni'cyed in lun^oge which would only 
sufTcr by my atteuiptini; to transcribe it, and 
with a tone and taste which gave me a very 
high idea of hiK aliiliticN and acc<]nipli^h- 
liicnt.f, which I hod hillicrto couhidered lu 
coniined to ruanHcn, certainly isuperior to 
tJiose of any Mvin^ gf-ntlnnon* 

" This interview was accidental. I never 
went to the levee : for hnnng seen the coiyts 
ofMussulntan and (!iithutic!K)\''ereignfi, my cu- 
riosit}' was suflieiently allayed ; and niv poli- 
rics being as pen-crsc as oiv rh^vTuea, I am, in 
fiKt, ' no business there.' To be thua piBtsed 
by vour Sovereign must be gratifying to you ; 
anJ if that grai&cacion ici not alloyed by tlic 
communication being made through me, the 
bearer of it will consider hiiasclf very fortu- 
nately aad sincerely. 

" Your obHiged and obedient servant, 


"P. S. — Excuse this scrawl, scratched 
in a great hurry, imd just after a jotimey. 

During the summer of this year, he paj.l 
visits to some of his not)te fricnd». and, among 
others, to the Eju-1 of Jt-rsey and the Miir- 
quia of Lan:Klowne. " In 1812," he ^ays, 

ThoaBh rDr>'*y **■ written on hU tirB«, 
lie bad tkm ihe ktmp. too, rara In DTcrjr d<»c. 

Of bntn«. wlltMNIt dk>}r uriDp UT bcui, 

A DdUb'd jrniilmiBn bom top tu tii«." 

litm Jmm. t- vll. it. M. Worlu. p. TSS.] 

M 3 







"at MiiUllrton (Lord Jerwy**^, atnongax u 
goodly RKniMuiy of lords, ladie-s antl vi\ti>, 
&Q., Uicf e was • • •. ' 

*' Brskiiie, too! Kntkjne wai there 'J; 
eood, but intolenihle. He jegted. he telked, 
he diJ every tUiiig admirubly, but then he 
waM he applaudtxl for the siiimc thing twice 
over. He would read his own vcrsea, his 
own [wragraiih, aiid tcU.his own story apiiii 
and Bgwn ; tind then the ' Trinl bv Jury ! ! !' 
I almost wixlied it abolished, for \ sat next 
bim nt dinner. As 1 had reod his ]mbtished 
siieecheis there was no occasion to rcptait 
tiicm to me. 

*• C • ♦ (tlie foxJiunter), nicknamed 
• Cherk C • • [Chester], and I sweated the 
claret, being the only two who did so. 
C • •. who Moves his" IwttU-, aiid had no 
notion of mectine with » ' iKm-vivnnt ' in a 
scribbler ', in making inj culogv' to sctmebody 
one eveninR, summed it up in — ' By G — d 
he drinks like a. niiin.' 

" Nobody drank, however, but<7* • and 
I. Tn lie sure, there was little occiision, 
tor we swept off what »^ts on the talile (a 
most splenilid lioiird, as may l>c 5np(ioaed,at 
JeTHey^) very sufficiently. However, we 
' earned our liquor discreetly,' Uke the Baron 
of Bradwardinc." 

In the month of August this ycur, on the 
completion of the new Theatre Royal, 
Driuy Lane, the Committee of Manajn^ueiit, 
desirous of procuring an Address for the 
Dpeiiinf; of tJic theiitre, took the rather 
novel mode of inviting, by an lulveniscmeiil 
in tlije newspapers, the compel i lion of nlll the 
poets iif the day towards this object. Thouph 
the contributions that ensued were suffi- 
ciently numenMis, it did iioi appear to the 
Commiitec that there was any one lunong 
the nuniher worthv of sflectinn. In this 
difficulty it occurred to Lord Holland, thai 
they could not do belter than have recourse 
to LonI Byron, whose popularity would 
i^ve additional vogue to the solemnity of 
their ufjienirig, and to whose Irunsccndcnt 
cJaiiris, as a t'i.>et, it wa^ taken fur granted,, 
(though without sufficient allowance, aa it 

bhvra nmltud. 
* [" Tb«ra also wm ivo wlu bj wduauloo, 

TtmgtM* from IrvUnd, SUongbav Ihm lb« 
Bcih laoyera aiid tioth men vf tvIikxIIod, 
But Htrooicbaw'i wtt wu of inM« polUli'd 
torecd." kt. 

Dom Jium, r. stU. U. ^3.] 

> For Uw firtt day i>r two. •! HMdtetoo, be did not 

jiiia hU noble hoat'i (urtj til) alter dtiuier, but took hU 

lourtj rapMt of UtratU md wd^vMor In bU ovB rtwin. 

Bffng Md tqr Maabody ibu iba cmikBtan abor* mtrD- 

E roved, for tlie Initabilily of the brothur- 
ood,^ even the rejected candidates them- 
selves would bow without a murmur. The 
first remit of tliis application to the noble 
poet will be learned from what foUovrs. 


*• Obtttmtiam, 5«rt«a>b«r 10. 1SI1. 
" My dear Lord, 

" Tlie lines which I aketdied off on 
your hint are srill. or mihcr uvrr, in an 
uniinished tttate, for I have just committed 
thetn to a Hmne more decisive than that of 
Drury. Under all the circumstances, I 
should hardly wish a contest with Philo- 
dnuna — Philo-Drury — Asbestos, H • •, and 
nil the ononymes and s^uonymcs of Com- 
mittee candidates. Senously, I think you 
have a chance of something much better ; for 
prologuising is not my forte, and. at all crrenta* 
either my pride or my modesty won't let 
me Uicur the huzant of having my rhymes 
buried in next month'ii Magarim^ under 
' Essays on the Murder of >Ir. Pert»ral,* 
and ' Cures for the Bite of a Mad Dog,* as 
poor licldsmith complained of the fat« of &r 
superior performances. « 

" I am still sufficiently inten-sted to wish 
to know tlie successful candidate ; ami, 
amongst so many, I have no doubt some 
uiH be ctcellent, particularly in an i^ when 
writing verse is the easiest of all attammeots. 

" I cannot answer your intelligence with 
tlie ' Uke cnmlbrt,' iiides!!, as you are deeply 
theatrical, you may wish to bear of Mr. • • 
[Betly], wliose uctuiK 'us, I fear, utterly in- 
adequate to the London ei)^:i}:puient into 
whicli the managers of Covent liurden liave 
lately entered. HLs figure is tat-, his features 
Hat, his voice unnntnageable, lus action un- 
graccful^ and, as Dia;gt>r3- ^ «a\'8, ' I <lefy him 
to crtort that d — il mufEn (ace of his into 
madness.' 1 was verj- sorrj- to sec him in 
the chanu.'tcr of the ' Elephant »n the iihick 
rope :' for, when I hist :>uw him, I wa.1 in 
raptiircti with his performance. But then f 
was sixteen — an age to which all London 
condescended to subside. After all, much 

ttonrd bad jiruanunrod tucb baUla to be " clltaBtaaia,** 
be r«»alrcd lo ibow tba " raxhunier " that he cvhU be, 
nfi occuion, •• gocxl a Item'^fpout u himelf, and, bf Ua 
prwwcu at ttia cUrm naxt dajr, aSttt tltnnn, dnrw rortb 
(Nun Ht. C * * thfi mlofluBi bcre tccurdad. 

* C" 1'hr public were more tinpwiantlj BniplDjpad. 
than lo obaarva th« eatf ■hapttdty of my Mjlc. ur Uie 
hamwnjr of mf periods. Sbcot aAvr abect wm tbrawn 
off lo obllrloa. My aanji were burtcd annni Uif> aaaafa 
*ivxi llbcrtr. «Ml«ni ulcf , awl curca Cor the bUo of a 
Bkad itoi."~.a«U»milk'» MiK. f\'orkt, vol. IL p. IKL 
<rA. 1»37.) 

* [tn (he imm of ■' AU Um WorU'i a St^c"] 




167 r 

kettcr judges have admiretl, and mav asain : 
but I ventitre to ' proijnosticnte a propnecy' 
(wte the Courier), tliut lie will not wiccecu. 
' So. poor deiir Rogers has stuck &st on 
*lhe lin>w of ihtr mighty HelvpKyn' — 1 
hope not fur ever. My best rf»]M--cta to 
Lm}' U. : — her departure, with that of my 
I Mfaer friends, was ■ sad crent for mc. oow 
reduced to a state of the moat cviiiciil so' 
lUude. ' By the waters of (.'hcfiecihain 1 
Mt dovn and draak, when I remembered 
Ihft, oh OcoTf^mia (.Vltage! As for our 
\ harpt^ we hangetl liicui up ufKiii the wUlowsi 
grew thereby. Then they said. Sing 
t song of Dniry Lane,' &c. ; — but I ant 
ami dreary as the Uniehtes. The 
have diiiordered mc to my tiairt's 
ot — you were right, as you always are. 
eve mc eicr jimr obhgeil and afTer* 
ite lerrant, 

" Bteon." 

Hic request of the Committee for his aid 
hwtng h«^n, ittill more iirscntlv, repeated, 
be. at ienjfth, notwithttimding the diJhcuUy 
•ltd invidiousoCM of the tahk, from his 
ttong with to oblige Lonl Holland, con- 
KDtcd to oodertake it ; and the quick suc- 
ceeding D0t«s and letteni, which hi- addrcsHcd, 
during the completioQ of tlic Addreait, tu \m 
nobtc fiietid, anbrd a proof (in coujumction 
vitli othets of titiU luure interest, yet to be 
\) ottbe paioH he, at thin time, took in 
sua polishing his hrsc conceptions, 
the miportance he wisely attached to a 
JodiciiKis rhuiee of epithets aa a meanii of en- 
' 'ing both the munic and the nieuniiig of 
vcfW. Tlicy also show, — what, as an 
ion (if hli character, is even f,u\\ 
toore vuluulilc, — tlie exceeding uliancy and 
ODod humour with which he could yield to 
frieodlj MifscstkNas and criticitms ; nor can 
it be auestKHied, I think, hut that tlie do- 
dlily tAUB invoriubly exhibited by ItLui, on 
potata where most poet6 arc found to be 
and irTitahic, was a ({unliiy nnliinil 
lilion, and xuch wt uitf^bt have 
to account in far more im))orta)it 
nttofa. had he been fortunate eiii>u»h to 
■wet with {lersoos capable of understanding 
aad zuidinj; hira. 

le lulluwini; are a few of those hastv 
r, on the subject of the Address, whicK 
" to:— 


■■Sq«enb«rlL tS13. 

« My dew Lord, 

" In a day or two I wiU send you somc- 
tbtng which you will i>titl Imve the liberty to 
rqect if you dbUke h. 1 should like to 

have had more time, hut will do my beat, — 
but too happy if 1 can oblige you, though I 
nuiy oHl-ud a liut)dri-<l sorilihlcrs and the 
discerniEy public. Ever yours. 

'■ Ki^'p iMi/ name a leiTvt ; or I shall be 
he-set by all the rejected, and, perhaps, 
damned by a party." 


" Chdilcnhcm, SeptMnber SI. 1S12. 

"Edcol — I have marked some pojisugcs 
with donhic readings — chcjoiie Wtween them 
— cut — add — rrjtvt — or dcttrt^y — da with 
them ni yon will — I leave it to you and the 
Committee — you mnnot «ay ho railed "a 
no« cowmUtendo.' What will thiy Aa (anfl I 
do) with the himiired and one rejected 
Tnmbadours ? ' With trumpets, yea. and 
with shawms,' wiU you \yc SKtailed in the 
most diabolical doggerel. I wish my name 
not tu trunKpire till the day is deci<lcd. I 
shfdl not be in town, .so it won't much 
matter ; but let us have u good dcUvrrrr. I 
think EUi-ston should be the man, or Pope; 
not Iln\mt)nd, I implore you, by the love of 
Rhythm us! 

" The passages marked thus ^ ;=, aborc 
and IjcIow, fu-e for you to choose between 
epithets, and such like poetical rnrniture. 
iViiy write Qie a line, and believe me ever,&c. 

" My remembranres to Lady H. 
Will you be good enough to dtn-idt between 
the various readings marked, and erase the 
other i or our ttefinrrrr may be as puzzled as 
a commentator, and Mike repeat both. If 
these vmic/cs won't do, 1 will hammer out 
some more endccn^^yl tables. 

"P..S.— Tell LadyH. I hare had saH 
work to kcG|> out the I*h(pnix — I mifin the 
Fire Office of that name. It hjw iriMired 
the theatre, and why not the Address V^ 


" September 34. 
" I send a of the four first lines of 
the concluding paragraph. 

Tlu- draiM'* bmtuf « t)]r her ^Irmlil roM. 
Retfriw atir vHeamt loo, wlinw rfrry IMIO 
S|>rbigi tnm our ttfliru, and fua wculd win jdutovd. 
Tho <rurtaln rtm*. *c. ftc. 

And do forgive all thLi trouble. Kt-u wlut 
it ia to have to do even with the ^m/rr/cv/ 
ofua. Etct, &c" 


" Cht'UniluiD, Sqil. SS. lAlZ 

" Still • more matter for ii May morning.' 

Hanng patched the miildlc and end of the 

Address, I send one more couplet for » jmrt 

M 4 







pftlif Ucginiiing, which, ifnot too turgid, you 
will h»ve the goodness to add. M'ier that 
ftagrani image of the 'J%amc$ (I hope no 
unlijclc)' vem will say I have set it on fire, 
tfaouch Drvdcn, in his * Atiniu Mirabili< 
and ('liiirt.hill. in hi* 'Times,' did it before 
me), 1 tuL-an lo insert this — 

" A* IbuhhiK far the atv Volcano iboiw 

HlbtnlnKi i not tbiiir own, 
WUla UtouMtttU ihKAg'd uonnil Up bunilni daatf, 
ftc, *c. 

I think ' thouAnndfl' lent flat diAn ' crowdfl 
collected' — but don't let me plunge into the 
bathoH, or rifle into "Sat. Lee's Bedlam me- 
taphon. By the by, the best view of tbo 
said fire («hieh I myself 5aw from a house- 
top in Covenl-gnrden) vnis nt Westminster 
Bridge, from tlic rL-fltxtion on tlic ThiuiKs. 

" Perhaps the present couplet had better 
come in aftiT 'trcmbli-d for their homes,' 
the two liiic-H after ; — us othiTwiwe the 
imai^ certainly ainks, and it will run just a^ 

" The lines themii-lvcs. pcrhaj's. may be 
better thus — (' choose.' or * refuse' — but 
please tfoitrtelf, and don't nund ' Sir Fret- 

" Ai Bwb'd the i(4aiii«d blue, uvtlgbotUxi tlioae 
Tlw »Uei wllb llfhininx* swful u thvJr o<ru. 

The last ni« smootlicsl, and, I think, best; 
but you know hcUer than i<'U. ' Lurid' is 
also a less indistinct epithet than 'livid wave,' 
nod, if you think so, o dash of the pen will 

" I expected one line this morning -. in tlic 
mean time. I shall remodel and condense. 
and, if 1 do not hear from you, ahall send 
another copy. 

** I am ever, &c." 


*■ Srptemlwr Sfi. Ills. 

'* You will think tlierc is no end to mv 
viIlflnon.i cmcmtations. The Bfth and sixtli 
lines I think 10 alter tlui<) — 

■ Yf wbnbitu-lil — ob ilgbl admired >nil tDoum'd, 
WlioM radl>nc« mock'd the ruin It adoni'd i 

because ' nigtit' is re()eated the next Ktve but 
one ; and. a& it now blaiulit, the conclusion of 
the jHiragraph, * worlhy him (Stiakspinrc) 
and tfott* appears to apply the ' vow' to those 
only who were out of bed and in Covciit 

' ** Such fcHigiMiBw that b a c y o uf pUndlmoogfat. 
Wbm Carrick Kted, aad wbca Brintlerwntt.'' 

Al pnMnt ibt coivtat ilNDdi tliiu -. ~ 


flarden market un the night of conflugmtion, 
instead of the audience or the discerning 
public at large, all of whom are intended to 
he comprised in that romprehcnsive and, I 
hope, comprehensible pronoun. 

*' By the by, one of my corrections in the 
feir copy sent yesterday has dived into the 
bathos some sixty fathom — 

" When OtfTlck dted. and Briuley eoMad U wrtte. 

Ceasing to /in- is a much more serious con- 
cern, and ought not to be first ; Uicreforc 
I will let the old couplet stand, with iis 
half rhymes * sought ' ana ' wrote.* ' Second 
thoughts ill evury thing are best, but, tn 
rh} nit, third and fourth don't come amiss. 
I am very miYiutut on this business, and 1 do 
hope that the \ery trouble I occasion yon 
will pleud its own excuse, nnd that it wiU 
tend to show niy endeavour to make the 
most of the time allotted. I wish I had 
known it months ago, for in that case I had 
uol led unu line standuig on another. 1 
nivnvs scrawl in thin way, and smooth as 
niucfi as I can, but never KufTiciently ; and, 
latterly, I can weave a nine-Lne stanza faster 
than a couplet, for which measure I have 
not the cunning. When I began ' Childe 
Handd,' I had never tried Spm^er's nica> 
sure, and now I cannot scnhblc in any 

" After oil, my dear Lord, if you can get a 
dccL'Ut Address elsewhere, don't hesitate to 
put this aside. Why did you not tru^t your 
own Muse? I am verj- sure she would hare 
been triumphant, and saved the Committee 
their trouble — ■ 'tis a joyful one ' to me. but 
I fear I shall not satistycven myself. After 
the account you sent me, 'tis tut compliment 
to .my y*m would have beaten your can- 
didates ; but I mean that, in tA/rt case, there 
would bare been no occasion for their being 
beaten at all. 

" Tliere are but two decent prologues in 
our tongue — I*t>pc*s to Cato — Jdhnson'i 
to Drury-Lane. These, with the epilo^e 
to tlic ' I)istrc!it Mother,' aiid, I think, one 
of Goldsmith's', and a |>rolo|rue of old 
Colman's to Bvuumont and Fletcher's Phi- 
laster, are the bc^t tliuigs of the kind we 

"P, S. — I am diluted to the throat with 
meittcinc for the stone ; mid Botsragon wants 
me to try a warm climate for iJie winter — 
but I won't." 

" Dcu- ur Uin dxr* that made oar bhiuU bri^bt. 
Ere (;*rT(ck flwl, or Btitaitf mud to wrttv." 
' CTu Charlotte Lemm'a DooMdr of " The SIttar." 
Bw ColdtnHh'i Itbc Watka, tvL tr. p. 130. m. IW.3 






Lsma I«0. TO LOaa HOLLAND. 

- S*|»«rml»r ST. 18H. 

** I bavo just received joiir very kiml 

letttr, and bc^te you liuvc met witli u mecoiid 

copy corrected and aJdrt'Ssed to IloUaud 

House, vitb some omissions and this new 


" A* gUred «Kh rt«lr( ftuh ', and ghaatly shone 
Tlw iUm wllb Uf htnlliK* awftil u ihelr qwb. 

As to rcrnnrks. I can only say I vill alter 
and ncquicscr in nny thing. With regord to 
the part whifh Wlii'thrvad wishes to omit, I 
bdicvc the .\ddrc)is will go off^uicitrcT without 
it, though, like the agility of the Hoitentot, 
at the expense of itj ngotir. I leuvfi to 
your choice entirely the diilerent spccimcna 
of stucco-work ; and a brt/'k of yoiu own 
will also much improve my BnhyloiiLsh turret. 
1 should like Elliston to have it. with your 
leave. 'Adorn* and 'mourn 'arc lawful 
rhymes in Pope's Death of the unfor- 
luiutc Lady. — Gmy has ' fortoni'uiid 'innum' 
— and ' torn ' and ' oiouni ' are In Smollett's 
fiunous Tears of Scotland. ' 

" Afl there will probably be an outcry 
imongBtthc rejected. I hope the Committee 
will testify (if it be tieedfiilj that I sent in 
nothing to the congress whatei-er, with or 
without a niune, as your Lordshin well 
knows. AU I hare to rlo witli it '\s with and 
Aroutth you ; and though I, of course, wish 
to Mttsfy the audience, 1 do as^ture >ou my 
first object is to comply with your request, 
And in so doing to show the sense I have of 
ihemaoy obligations you hare conferred upon 
me. ^ ours ercr, " " B." 

Lrttu 101. TO LOKD HOLLAND. 

" Goplat&bm M- 1811. 

"Will this do better? The metaphor is 
Bore complete. 

t Al fMMni, " Ai vUrod lb» votumrd tilue." 
I [" ttj farrlm huaiU Uiy buinbic inaie Mltirn'il. 

Bf ttTwagm bonaur'i, am) by RncBcri nioum'd." 

, 7op«. 
** Mmij. ott (tar ! nor llitu brloin, 
Lwre HM unb(«M'd. nnpltM. ken to BMnina.~ 

** Hsnrn, hijflwi Cil«loBlft, noorn 
Tby banUli'd pc«CK, th| bunrfa torn." 

* Th* llua 1m h«re RUui)<r( to. and vUkh, to iplU of 
Mm lArt* to mala divm, wm oinitt«(] &r (be Com- 
^tKM, no thai : _ 
' Ka^, Uvtr Uili, tke Drawta pet deptera 
Thai tmU lie itelic'd to crairi frjaoa att-Jamrw. 
m*» tUcKard TiMtrt in B«iuvTtA/<>T m karu. 
VjTMi eammamd. tkt tUtd mtul eomt fm eaitrtc. 
tf IWI Avrrv, Hr Suigr mtut rA*4fiefita 
Ta Mwtbc tb« tkUy tntu «« dare not bicdiI. 

fpcnt votcantc J vara. 
Aiid bUc^ilug MtiM muk'd the Mum'i grarr. 

If not, we will say 'burning wave,' and 
instead of 'burning (.■lirnc.' in the line sotnc 
cctujilfts back, have * glowiiif:.' 

'* Is Whiibread determined to castmtc all 
my cavalri/ linrii P ' I don't see whv t'other 
house should lie .ipaTRd ; l)esiilcs. It is the 
puiilif, wbi) ought to know better ; and yotj 
recollect Ji^hnnou'-s was agaiu'^t similar bul- 
fooiieriL'S of Rich's — but, ccrtea, I am not 

" Instead of * effects,' soy ' lalrours ' — 
• degenerate ' will do. will it ? Mr. Betty is 
mi loiigvr a ltal>e, therefore the line cannot 
be personal. 

"Will this do? 

with 'glowing dome,* in case >ou prefer 
'bdming' added to this 'wuvc'mctiqiboriciil. 
The woni ' fiery pillar ' was suggesttnt by 
the ' pillar of fire' in the Iwok of Exodus, 
which went Iicfure the Ii>nit:liEcf> through the 
Red 8ca. I once thought of saiing "like 
L^rael's pillar,' and iituking it a simile, but I 
did not know. — the great leinptation was 
ItTiving tlie epithet 'fiery' for the supple- 
meniiiry wave. 1 want to work up that 
passage, as it is the only new grouiul ui 
jirologuizers con go upon — ■ 

" Tbii h th« |»lacc «b(>rr, It a port 
Shlned Ui dwcripUon, h« ml^t ihow IL 

If I port with the possibility of u future con- 
fl^^tlon, wc IcKScn tlie compliment to 
Snokspcarc. However, wc will c'lui ncnd 
it thus — 

" Ym. it ihall b» — tb« mM$ie of tliat noin*, 
Tlial Konu tba Kytht at TIiub. tbe turcb of Flttnit^ 
Oq tfa« MEM fpot. Ac. Ai:. 

Blame itot vmrjui^mem tHotiU uv ^CfturMT, 
Amd gratify ffoti more b§ lAavfAfC Uu. 
Ob, ilufe j-our FUt itAECiM tlic Drdma'i Uwt, 
Fotbt^AT to muck 111 Kith )tiUiilK«d tpplaiiui ; 
TliU puUic frraud be nr'fr ogaim tfigmcet, 

Jbnilct to man r«c»U ) ■ 

bttbf* and bnMt rtdettm { it iwitMM'a lat/e i 
Tb«n pridf ihaU doublf oorrc Iha actor'* powen, 
Wli«a Ittuon'i Toic« It crlMwd back by own." 

The Utx couplet t>ut one wai afita altafcd la « aubat- 
queat ropy, thiit : — 

>■ The fait rtfnttk Ui pranl leenct rxfine. 
Nor »ktfl/ram matt to habe.Jtom bait t« Antfr." 

* T^a Tonn of thli rouplH, at printed. !■ u folluoi ;— 

" Till blKkcnlnjl Mbri nnd lb« lonrif wait 
Uiurp'd the lluae't mini, and Buib'd bcr <U1." 





There — the deuce ia in it, if tliat is not nn 
imnrovciuent to Whitbread's content. Rtv 
collccl. it is the ' name.' nnd not the ' ma^c,' 
thut hiui B noble ct>nteinpt for those same 
weapons. If it were the ' magic,' my me- 
topliur woitlJ be somewhat of the maddest 

— so the * name ' Ls the artoccdcni. But. 
my dear Lord, your patience is not quite so 
inuDOitsl — therefore, with miuiyand sincere 
thanks, I am 

" Yours ever most atfcctionatcl^. 

" P. S. — I foresee there will becharges of 
partiality in the paper* ; but you knov I 
sent in no Addre!t.<( : and clad hoth you and I 
miut be thut I did nut, for, in that cue, 
their plea bad been plaiuible. I doubt the 
Pit will be testy ; but consciou* innocence 
(a novel and pleasing iieiuation^ loakeB me 


" &eptEnber 30. 

" I have altered the middte couplet, so as 
I hope partly to do away with W.'a objection. 
I do think, in tJic present .state of the sUee, 
it hod been uni>ardonuble to pass over tlie 
holies nnd Miss Mudie, &c. As Bettv is 
IH> longer a Ihiv, how i-jui llitx lie applied to 
him ? He is now to be judged an a man. 
If he acts still like a boy. the public will but 
be more ashainvd of their blunder. I hnve. 
you see, rtow taken it for granted that these 
things are reformed. I confess, I wi&h that 
port of the AddreiHi to stand ; but if W. is 
inexorable, e'en let it go. I have also new- 
caat the linc^, and softened the hint of 
fiiture combustion ', nnd sent them off this 
morning. Will you hate the coodncss to 
add, or insert, the approved alteratuins nn 
they arrive V They 'come like shadows, 
80 depart ; * occupy me, and, 1 fear, disturb 

" Do not let Mr. W. put his Address into 
Ellinton's Imnde till \ou ha\'e settled oi* 
these alterations. E. will think it too long : 

— much depends on the speaking. I fear 
it wilt nut bcur much curtailing, wittiout 
chatmi in the iiense. 

" It is certainly too lonz in the reading ; 
but if EUiston exerts himself, such a favountc 
with the public will not lie thought tedious. 
/ should think it so, if he were not to 
t^vik it. 

" Yours erer, ^c. 

" P. 8. — On lookinq again. I doubt irre idea 
of having obriated W.'s objection. To the 

* It lutd been, orlffin«ll7, 
** nMvA olk^ ptln wtajf MM fa/WWrvjbmc. 
Oa tlw tun* fftot," ke. &c. 


Other flousc allusion is 'nonsequitur' — but 1 
wish to plead for this part, because the thing 
really is not to be passed over. Many after* 
pieces at the Lyceuni by the lamr tvmpantf 
nave already attacked this ' Au^^can Stahle'— 
and Johnson, in his prologue against ' Luna' 
(the harlequin manager, Ricb ), — ' Hunt," — 
' Mahomet,* &c. is surely a fiiir precedenL' 


" S«ptcntwr B. till. 

" Sbekspcare certainly ceased to reign in ow 
of his kingdoms, as Geor;^ II I. did in America, 
and George I V.^ may in Ireland ? Now, we 
have nothing to do out of our own realms, and 
when the monarchy was gone, his tn^feaQr 
had hut a barren t>crptrc. 1 have cui atatg, 
you will see, and ultcred, but make it what 
you please ; only I do implore, for my oam 
gratification, one la.*di on tboHC accursed 
quadrupeds — ' n long shot. Sir Lucius, if 
you love me.' I have altered ' wave.' 4c 
and the ' fire,' and »o forth for the timid. 

" Let me hear from you when convenicBt, 
and believe me, &c. 

'' P. S. — Do let Ihat stand, and cut oot 
elsewhere. I shall cliuke, if wc must ova* 
look their d— d menagerie.' 


■• ScrtembtrM. mx 
" \ send you the most I can make of it; 
for I ant not so well as I was, and find I 
■ pall in resolution.* 

" I wish much to see you, and will be st 
Tetbury by twelve on S^iturday ; and fruoi 
thence I go on to Lord Jersey's. It is im- 
possible not to allude to the degraded itite 
of the Stage, but I have lightcived if!, and en* 
dcavourcd to obviate your vthrr objectioaA. 
There is a new couplet for Sheridan, allushre 
to his Monodv. All the tdtcrations I hare 
marked thus | , — as you will see by com- 
parison with the other copy. I have 
cudgelled my brains with the greatest will- 
ingness, and (Mily wish I had more time to 
have done better. 

" Vou will find a sort of clap>tran laudatory 
couplet inserted for the quiet ot the Com. 
mittee, and I ba%'e added, towards the end, 
the couplet you were pleased to Hke. The 
whole Address is seventy-three lines. stiU 
perb.ins too toi^ ; and, if shortened, you will 
save time, but, I ieur, a little of what 1 meant 
for sense aUo. 

■ Some ofatwilun. It ApiKsr* tram ttili. bad tNcv nwl* 
to tbtt puMCO, " Mid Stulupnra euwd M ftigm." 



"NVith myriads of thanks, I uii ever. &r. 

" My sixteenth edition o( rrspccts to 
Ladr U. — How she miut laugh ai alt this I 

") wish Murray, my publisher, to print 
off KNDC copiea as loon as your Lordship 
nUrw to town — it will ensure correctneu 
B the papers oAenrards." 


*Pw b* ftaoa hliB lli«t bonr whirh a«kt In vain 
TMf* neh w lov (at G«rrkk In bU ilrttn i 
* hr b« thM hoar thM Tstntj- uki In torn 


wept o'n j Gorrkk's uia. 

" ScptoBteT SO. IllL 

** Win ycM choose between these added to 

Ae line* on ^loridan ? ■ t think they will 

niml op th« panegyric, and af^ree with the 

tnin or thou'^nt prci:nlir.g them. 

" JBow, one word aa to the Committee — 
hov coold the}' resolve on a ruugli copy of 
m Address oever aent in, unlessyou had been 
Bood enough to retain in mcnior>v()>' '^^ p°pcr, 
toe thing they have been ^ood enough to 
adqit ? By the \*y. the cire^imHtancc^ of 
the esse toould moke the Committee less 
'aridui glorifle,' for nil praise of tlitfin woiilil 
look vla^y suspiciotu. If necessary to t»e 
stated at aJl, the simple facts bear them out. 
They surely hod a right to act as thev pleas- 
ed. Mv sole object xa one which, t trust, 
S whole conduct hoit shown ; viz. that I 
nothing tnsidioiu — M^nt in no Address 
■4ifcfnrr — but, when applied to, did mr 
best for them and ray-tclf ; but, above nil, 
that ihcre was uo uudue partiality, which 
w31 be what the rijected wiU endeavour to 
■die out. Fortunately — mout fortunately 
~- 1 aent in do lines on the occasion. For 
lam sure that hnd they, in that case, been 
preferred, it would have l>een ns-scried thut 
/was known, and owed the preference to 
pritaCe IrieiKbhip. This is wnat we shnll 
ytobably have to enroiuiter ; but, il' once 
iplfclia and oppnivcd, we aha'n't be much 
afakmaaed bv their brilliant conjectures ; 
Md, am to criticism, an otd author, like an 
•U buU» grows cooler (or ought) at every 

" "nie only tbini; would be to avoid a 
ptfty on the nti;l)t of delivery — uftcrwards, 
tke njorc the lietter, aud the whole trana- 
action incrritahly tends lo a good deal of 
ilisrussion. Murray tells me there are 
mjTiad-t of ironical Addresses ready — tome, 
m imitation o'( what is culled Tii_y tttfle. If 
dicy are aa good as the Probationary Odea. 

' Thrmm aU&t Ubm, M mif b* Mm tqr nftnoci! la 

I tka prlntad Addnn, wen nut nUlsod. 

or Hawkins's Pipe of Tobacco, it will not 
be bad Aui for the imiiatod. 

" E»er. Ac." 


" Octobw 9. ins. 

" A copy of this *hil altered is sent by the 
post, but this will arrive first. It intist be 
'humbler* — 'yci <upiri»g' does away the 
modesty, and, ailer all, trut/i U Imlh. Be- 
sides, there is a puff direct altered, to pleose 
your pfaguj/ renters. 

" I ahull be at Tetbury by 12 or I — but 
send this for you to ponder over. There 
are several little thinL>H marked thus / nllered 
for your pcrusnl. 1 huve dismounted the 
cavalry, and, 1 hope, arranged to your genc' 
ml satisfaction. 

- Ever, &c." 

*' At Tetbury- by noon. — I hope, after it is 
sent, there will bn no more elisioni. It is 
not now so lon^ — 73 lines — two (ess thun 
allotted. I wdl alter all Committee ob- 
jections, but I hope you won't permit EUuton 
to have any k«»cic whatever, — except in 
speaking it." 



PER AT MR. Rogers's. — lord thurlow's 




TuE time comprised in the scries of letters 
to Lord Holland, which, BAbcioficxclusircly 





oo one subject, i have thought it right to 
pve withiMit intcmiptinr, Lord Byron 
paHscd, for the mont |iurt, at t'hi-ltnihntn ; 
uiJ dunng the Min(.> period, the following 
letteni to other corrusjjiMidant*i wert writ- 

LirtiB lOr. TO MR. HURRAY. 

" Mi«h .Strcrt. Chrltvuboin, Scfit. fi. 1B12. 

" Prav have the cootlncss to send those 
i]es}tiitcficH. and ii No. of the Edinburgh Kl<^ 
Tiew irjth the rest. I hope you havt writ- 
ten to Mr. Thompson, thanked him in rav 
name for Im nresrtit, and told him th^t I 
■hall be truly nappy to ct^mply with his rn- 
oucst. — How do you go on Y and wlien is 
tne graven image, * witli ba^t and nirArd 
rkymr ttpon't,' to ^xwic, or disgrncc, -•ionie o( 
our tardy editions ? 

** Send jne ' Rokeby.' Who the deiire is 
he ? — -DO moitcr, he has good connections, 
and will be well introduced. I tlmnli you 
for your iiu|uirics i I ani no so, but my 
thcnaomcter is sadly below the poetical 
point. What will you ffivc »«• or miitf for a 
poem of six cantos, {u^um comptrfr — no 
rhyme, no recompenite.) as like the lust two 
M I can make them ? I have some ideas 
that one day may l>c i-nihodicd, and till win- 
ter [ shall have much Ji^ihurcr. 

" P. S. — My last question is in the true 
stvle of Grub Street ; but, like Jeremy 
Dlddlcr '. I only 'n^k for information.* — 
Send rac Adair on Diet and Regimen, just 
rcpublishwl tiy Ridgway." 

Ln-m lOa. TO MR. MURRAY, 

" CholtmhBiD. SejA. 14. 1MB. 

** Tbo porcelic contnined some iettcra 
and verses, all (but one) anorymou-s and 
complimentupj-, and very anxintis for my 
conversion from certain infulelitics into 
which my good-natiired correspondents con- 
ceive me to have fallen. The books were 
presents of a ronvrrlihlf kind also, — ' Chris- 
tian fCnuwlL-di;c ' and the * Bioscope,' u re- 
ligious Dial of Life explained : — to the 
author' of the former (CaJcU. publisher,) 1 
befi you will forward my hcst ihunkH for his 
letter, his present, and, above all, his guod 
intentions. The ' Bioscope ' cont^iineJ a 
MS. copy of very excellent verses ', from 

' [In KeutcT'i ftrw of - RkUtnr tbe 'Wind."] 

■ [Tbt antboc of botb mrkt'inuGruii'lllt'Peiin, Kiq., 
» (cntlcnian ddMvndMl rnnn the fAin'ilj nf Pcna oT Pmti- 
■jTlvanlA, end much tUilliieiiUh«il for bU t&Lmtng and 


whom I know not, but evidently tlic com. 
position of some one in the habit of writing, 
and of writing welL I do not kuuw if he be 
the author of the ' Bioscope' wliich accom- 
panied them ; but whocvi^r lie is., if you raa 
discover hiiti, thank him from mc most 
heartily. The other letter* were from ladies, 
who arc welcome to convert me when 
they plcise ; and if I can discover them, 
and they Ue young, as they say they are, 
I could convince them fierhdps uf my 
devotion. I had idiio a letter Iram Mr. 
Wfllpole on matters of this world, which 1 
have answered. 

" So you arc Lucicn's publisher ! I un 
promL'icti an interview with him. and tliink 
i shall ask you for a letter of introduction, 
as • the gods have made bim poctii-al.' From 
whom I'didd it come with a better cracc 
tliiui from /tis publisher and mine ? Is it Dot 
Konicwhut treaHonahle tn you to have to do 
wiili a reUtive of the ' du^ful foe,' as the 
Morning Post calls his brother ? 

" But tny book on ' Diet and Rcpimcn,' 
where i* it ? I thirst for Scott's Kokebr j 
let nie have your first-bcgotteo copy. Tlie 
Anti-jacobin Review is all vcr}' well, and 
net B bit wnrxc than tlie tjuartcrlv, and al 
leiiat less hunidess. By the by, have you 
secured my books? I want all the Reviem, 
nt least the critiuuca, quurtcHy, monthly,dtCn 
Fortii^'ut'si- and English, extnicted, aait 
bound lip in one volume for niy riZtf ogei 
and pray, sort my Romaic books, and get the 
volumes lent to Mr. Hobhousc — he hai 
hml them now a long time. If any ihiiu 
occurs, you will favour me with a line, uui 
in winter we shall he nearer netj;hboun. 
" Yours, &c. 

•* BvROif." 

" P. S. — I waa applied to to write the 
Address for Dniry Lane, but the moment 1 
heard of the contest, I gave up the idea of 
eontCTidtni; apiinut all firab Street, and threw 
a (cK thou(;htA on the subject into the fire. 
I did this out of respect to you, beiji|! 
imre you would have tiirtied off anv of 
your authors who had entered the lists 
with such scurvy competitors. To triumph 
would have been no glory ; and to have 
lieen dtfeated — 'sdcath ! — I would have 
ihokeil myself, like Otway, with a quartern 
loaf* : so, remember I had, and hare, nothing 
to do with it, upon my honoitr!" 

> [Sn BvaoinANi.] 

* tTlili l> recoTiri b]" ons of bit hlnKrophcn i hul 
Popr. in S[Knic«'i AaK(lou«,reUie*UvM Omar died oFk 
f«Ti>r rutght lij vlnlml purtull of an mwia «t>o b^d 
flrcdat on^of hurriMtd5.J 

^T. 24. 




• Ch«ltrabau. S«|X«*)bcr M. W% 

" Mr dew Bonkes, 

• When you point out to one how 
people cmi be intutiatc at the distnticc of 
(oac MTcnty leagues, I will plead guilty to 
^oor charge, anil accept your farewell, but 
BOt mOmg/y, till you give mc aatoc bctt^^r 
fiMOD thui my silence, which merely pro- 
ceeded from a Doiion fuunitcil on your own 
decbntion of o/e/, chat j-oii hated writing und 
Kcemng letter*. Besides, how was 1 to 
fad out a man of many residences 'f If 1 
htA ■ddrcBed you aow, it hud tx-i^n to your 
hafDUgfa, whefc I mnut have coi^ectured you 
KK UDon^ your constituents. iSo now. 
kdespitc of Mr. K. ami l,a>ly W., you shall 
beM'much better' tui the Hcxlutm pont- 
tCce will allow me to [nuke you. I do 
m are you I am much iiidetjteii to you for 
tlwnking o( uic at all, and can't spare yoti 
ntn from amongst the 5U[icrahundancc of 
Mends with whom you sup]x>se me sur- 

"You beard that New8tead> is sold — 
the sum 140,000/. ; sixty to remain in morl- 
pige on the estate for three years, pnving 
intcrvst, of couru*. Roi'hdnle \s »1ho likely 
to do wcU — 9o my worldly matters are 
moKSng. 1 bavc been here some time 
driBldog tbc waters, sioiply because there 
are waters to drink, and' they are rer^' 
mdirinal, and »uflicieiilly iIiAgiL<>tiiig. In a 
few days I Kt out for Lord Jtrsey'jt, but 
Rtum Kerr, whtTc 1 nm tjUJte alone, po out 

little, and enjoy in its fulk'^l extent the 
for nicntc.* What you arc about I 

gues9, even from vour dutc; — not 

^}*rr^'ir to the nound ol* the gitunrn^y in 
the U^ of the Lowtliers? one uf whom is 
here, m, poor thing, with a phthisic. I 
innl chat you pa.>ise<cl through here (at the 
~ " " inn where I first alighted) the very 

before I arrivej in these parts, Wc 

* " Baf If tn Ote •ulumn «! 191 1," ur* Mr. l>illu. " he 
Wt BM dMt lu> «u ur||*d by hU nui of buklncu. «nd 
*m1t*wHmimK0henM." It wManonlliit;!) bnniykl 
to tm iMHMtr Ml GwTjiwa]i'(, but not. al Hut Unw, •aid, 
my njMM. Mnc afkrtd Tar It Tbe prliaic tale to 
rtkh b« lUDdw In Ibto IrtO-r li«rk jiImi- NK-n aflrr. — 
Ifr CUofhuo, UwBfcM far Mr. Ldgb, bdn^ (b« pur- 
4«*t. It OTU BOTtr, howcvrr, for reunu nhldi wr 
Ml w«. coaptoud. 

* [TiM pari; « nv rHurnlni from Tlat^ni AUi«r In • 
IhiMcra boM, ai>4 »rr« iiiefiarlnf to land bthiw Um 
l rtl )><| ClwtMloo, ahm, en Hmlnf thmt)|h Itui rrnir* 
Wk. ahna * (iV|* «*• anortd acraw, Uw roiw uUaf 
■w Mian of Uia InmI, a|Ml IL Ool tif Ibe locltr <rf 
Mm (hr p«it/ e— ■Uiwt. MTMi uKuUf iwrlihtd. j 

* A a>«d» or alvuCura b« (rtqiianUr adofrtad at thli 

* r nrr»-«irf-/>r« aMraMo, propcriy IbUnl K«kd. 


had a very pleasant Ret here ; at first the 
Jencys, Mclbournes, Cowpcrs,&nd Hulluiids, 
but all gone ; and the only persons I know 
arc tlie Kiivdons and Oxfurda. with Home 
later acquaintances cfless t>rilliant desicent. 

" But I do not trouble them much ; and 
an tur yuur rooms and your a!l^emblies, 
• they are not dreamed of iii our philo- 
sonhy !! ' — Did you read of a sad ac- 
ci^lent in the Wye t'other day? A dozen 
drowned ; and Sir. RotJioe, a corpulent gen- 
tkmiui, preserved bv a hoat-hook or an 
ci:l-«[icnr, begged, when he heard his wife 
was Baved — no — lait — la be thrown in 
again 1 ! — as ii' he could not have thrown 
huiisclf in, hati he wished it ; but this passes 
for a trait of sensibihiy. What strange 
beings men are, in and out of the Wve! * 

" I have to nsk you a ihouitatK) pardons 
for not fulfilling sonic orders hcfoie I left 
town ; Imt if you knew all the cursed rn- 
tanglcmenLs I had to wade through, it would 
be uiuieccaaurj' to heg your (brgireross. — 
When will Parliament (the new one) meet ? 
— in sixty days, on account of Ireland, I 
nrcjiume : the Irish election will demand a 
iLinii;cr period for completion than the con- 
stitutional allocmenit. Yotu's, of counie. is 
tudi:. and alt your mle of the question. Sa- 
lumonca ia the ministcriiU watchword, and 
all will go well with you. I hajtc you uill 
speak more frequently, I am sure at lcui>t 
\ou i>'i^'A/, and it will be expected. I sec 
Vortiuau meuus to stand again. Good 

" Ever youTB most aB'ectionately. 

LrrrMllO. TO Mil. HL'RRAT. 

" Ctidtpotiani, Septembers?. iai>. 

" I sent in no ,\ddress whatever to the 

Committee ; but out of nearly one hundred 

(this u canfidentiaJ ), none have been deemed 

worth acceptance * ; and in consequence of 

marked aod lUrected, mcbsd lli« ceoimlUM. Tba 
tullderi (rf Um lorlljr pil» «eie loulljr r a km to fcnow 
Uiiw tfi (IU]>o«« at Dm bvlMer* of tbc |p|tr rliyawi U»e 
latur bU (po4« dIShrmt bn^tugct. and all. to thv rnnacf , 
■M|uall; unhttaltlKible. Tbe ammlnm •ere alike cm- 
fmiatlnl ulth (br ountwr q( vddmna, awl tbcU tnra 
•htbUct. No •ucb ooaftulai «r tMgVci luil «Hani(MRiHl 
■njr etaotlOD tdwe (be buUdins o( Babvl ; nor could 
BUttar* hate been Ht to rlfkU (tmUtu li/ a mlrarir ), If 
tb« coaiwnJMit'tliauyh not rer; ruxUd ptiui tit n;>ectlafl 
aiJ tbe addrvMM bad ttot occtiirKi w a mrtiotenalae la 
vhtch th« whAl« mrnmlUM might uSily tgrr* -. utd Ibe 
addmita vrre r^vcUfd acxordlailf. VTe (Ju out tbink 
that they dcMrrrmt. Id true ponlCBl Jgatke, a beurr hie : 
aatofMvaaesedlcM, iwo or tbr«r oflly acre lo!rrablr, 
and tbe reit le «a«rrBbt« that w* wonder tliia comtnlltce 
of MMr did not aer«« U|>tin on* of iheia. Utii. m ibe 
meral bards wart Induced to expend Uialr prectoui time 


LIFE 01 



their $uf>tcqwni application to nv, I hare 
writtui a |iro)uf|^c, which hai bcc-n received, 
and will tie spoken. The MS. is now in 
the hands of Lurd Holland. 

'• 1 write tliis merely to (uir, that (liowercr 
it is rei'eivcd hy the nudiencc) run will 
nubliih it in the next edition of C'hildc 
HnroUl ; and I only beg you at present to 
keep my name icctn till you hear further 
from me, nnd uo noon as possible I wish you 
to have n correct copy, to do with as 50U 
think proper. 

"P. S. — I Bhould wirfi a few oopve^ 
printed off bcforr, that the newspaper copies 
may be correct afUr the detivery." 

Lrrmlll. TO MR. UUBRAY. 

" Cbcltimlun. Occ IX IftlS. 
" I hove a very ttrvn\^ objccliim to the cn- 
granng of the portrait ', and rcoiiest that it 
may, on no account, he prufixen i but k-t all 
the proots be burnt. aniJ the plate bruken. 
I will be at the expense which has been in- 
curred i it is but liiir that / should, since 1 
cannot permit the publicuiioii. 1 be;;, us a 
nuiticuliLr favour, inat you will lose no time 
m having this dune, tor which I havereaauns 
that I wdl state when I »ec you. I-'orgivc 
all the trouble 1 have occasioned v^^u. 

" I have received no account of tbe re- 
ception tii the AiiiiruM, but sec it is vitu- 
pcrated in ihc papers, which does not much 
coobarrass an tUd atdhor. I leave it to your 
own judgment to add it, or not, to yotir 
next edition when re<]uirecl. Pray coinply 
ttricttff with my wishcii as to the engraving, 
and believe me. Sec. 

" P. S. — Favour roe with an answer, aa I 
shall not be eaaytiH I hear that the proofs, jcc. 
are destroyed. [ hear that the Satirut has 
rei'icwed ChilJc Harold, in what nuinner 
I need not ask \ but 1 wish to know if 
the old pcnsonulitics arc revived ? I have a 
hcttej- reason for asking this than any that 
merely concerna myself: but in publica- 

•ad BMm pneloiu pipvr. bf th« fanpUdt aogacewu m 
Um part of thB eomnttiM ibu Ui* b«tt tihMiv iboald 
lu«« th« coDbMl. w« think the; h«t« m right to pmett 
•aaluM tlw lalnttiM of tUt »lMilMa)«* r^edlon. It «u 
tkom u fklT u It wonM ho In H«Hr«. Ubb and Ctavm, 
attt tbrj hid dlipoiinl (if tU UiMr loUsry tkket*. to 
•cqiulDt the Itoldrn thai tbm iliaalri be ao dnwlng, 
but UiM Ihi-r inti^fujfl tu UwaAr tk* twoMtf IbouMod 
txiuiul prUe tn an ar.iiiaint«nc« oTUiatr own. Tbi cmb- 
laUlw, «r irwJlIj attmit, Buda an ■bmrd — tUtWhmi ; 
but «iii*I; Ibrj w*>n> ttavni tm fcwp U 1 bl tlw i mt rnitra 
In «Urh that l«aniol boig «a rntoMd by ilw nimttUm 
aT all Uw bUdlnci. Hmt im ilMHMltM tmter tb« can of 
l^ml Ifrao, wba fnmrVOti fai Uwlr oat a nmiKwItlaa 
which hmn th* hoooiu of hb aana.*— Daani. Sn. 
iii. Ht p. It».] 

> A mtnUmn) bjr SandMi- BMUaa IMa niitlNtim, 
Saadart had alao intolsil a AtU-leafdi of Mi LefdtUp, 

: tnc inju> 
iitee. My 
rute*-d me 
lid him. for 


tions of that kind, others, particularly female 
names, are sometimes introduced. " 

Ltrm lis. TO LORD HOLLAIO). 

** OMllcnhan, Ort- 1C ISII. 
"My dear Lord, 

" I perceive that the papers, yea, ereu 
Perry's, arc nomewhat mined at the inju- 
ditiouB preference of the Committee. 
friend Perry hna, indeed, 'et ti» Brute" 
rather scurvily, for which I will seni 
the M. C, the next epi^am I scribble, as a 
token €>f my full forgivencM. 

" Do the Committee mean to enter into 
no explanation of their proceedings ? Yoa 
nnut see there is a leaning towards a charge 
of partiality. You will, at least, acquit me 
of any great anxiety to push myself before 
so many elder and better anonymous, to 
whom the twenty i^ineas (which I take to 
be about two thousand pounds BanJc cur- 
rency) and the honour would have been 
ei(u»lty welcome. ' Honour,' 1 see, * batb 
skill in parn^ranh'wnting.* ff 

" I wish to loww how it went off* at tbe 1. 
second reading, and wbetlier any one has | 
had the grace to give it a glance of u^pro- [ 
bation. I have seen no puj>er but Perry^ ' 
and two Sunday ones. Perry is severe, and 
the others silent. If, however, you and yoar 
Coiuniittcc are not now dissatisfied witli 
your uwn jude;inents, I shall not much roh 
bnm»8 myself about tlic brilliant remarks oT 
llie juumals. My own opinion u|)on it ii 
what it always was, perhaps pretty near that 
cf the public. 

*• lieliei-e me, my dear Ix>n], &c. &e. 

** P. 8. — My be«t respects to Lady IL, 
whose sinilca will be very consolatory, even 
at this distance." 

Larm Ua. TO UK. KURRAT. 

" inialtcnhani. Ort. Ifi. mt 

" Wilt you have the goodness to set this 

Parody of a peculiar kind* (for all the 6m 

from whlrti the portrait pn<Ai«d to th* qumtTo edition of 
Ihli work la enfra*«l. la rcfetvnce ta the Utter picture. 
Lord Bjrroin Mf •, In an>^l« to Mr. Rogors, "Kfou thlnLlh* 
picture jwi Mw al M(tm)r'» worth jrtmr anrptaace. It U 
yoon i and jvnvag puticioaf armukoo tt,if rau tlkv." 

■ Anons l>w Addreaan teat to to Iba Drarjr Liaa 
Ca«BmliiM Ka« oiteb; Dr. Biubjr.MCKtalallaaiolqiBB, 

ofwhkhtbp farod; WW raclooad Id thli IMI0. AdlOft 
tpniiDTti of tbU tfiSo trUI bo tuacbmt Tl>e Rwr Bm 
Udm at tb« [loctor'* Addraa ai« a» (oUowa : — 

" Whea «a*rgl»lac ot^erti men panoe^ 
What V* the prodlsk* tber canoet do P 
A naflc EdUra ymi here (orvef , 
Shot from tbc rulin «( the other tby t ** 

WUcb T»r««i aro tlnti rMJeoM, uanrcoisarlljr. Id Ik* 


£r. 24. 




lines ore Siaby's entire) in»erted in several 
of the papers (cvrrectl^ — Biid ropicil ctv 
Ttctljf i my hand is difficult) — puitii^uUirly 
the Morning Chronicle 't Tell Mr. Purry I 
fercive him all he ha-i saiil, and may say 
unosl wy addrrti, htit hc will uUuw Die to 
doJ with the Duitor — (nih/i aUrramjxtrlem) 
— ami not brhau nie. I cannot think whiit 
hu bcJnllen Slr-Peny, for of yore we were 
very good friends t — but fk> matter, only get 
tliu inscfteJ. 

" I have a poem on Waltzing for you, of 
vbich I niakc ^u a present ; but it inmt 
be ananvuious. It a u\ the ulil Htylc of 
Eiiji^iiih biinU nnd Scutch Reviewers. 

*• P. 8. — With the next edition of Childc 
Harold you may print the finit fifly or 
a hundred ojx'ninK lines <>t' the ' Cuntc of 
Uinerra,' down to the couplet beginning 

" HartAl (t«M tku* kbf ipaka), ftc 

or course, the moment the Satire hcf^tw, 
there you will stop, and the opening lb the 
hoc part." 


" Oct. IS. Ull. 

Many thanks, hut I ™«*/ pay the danuxfic^ 
will thank you to tell mo the amount 
the engrnvinfr. 1 think the ' Hejcctcd 
t • bv far the heat thing of the kind 
Rolliud. and wish tfou had pub- 
icd them. Tell the author * I forgive 
lum, were he twenty times over our satir- 
iu'i' and think hix imirationn not at all 
inferior to the famous ones of Hawkins 
Browne. He must be a mim of very lively 
wit, and much les^ ^currilou^ than wits often 
ate : altogether. I very much admire the 
peHbrmance, and wish it alll success. The 
Saiirilt has taken a new tone. :ut you will 
Bee r we have now, I tliink, fuushcJ with 
Childc Harold's critics. I hare in Anrirf a 
Sabrr on H'ailzing, which you tnu5t pul>Ii<sh 
■ooaynujtislj : it la not loas! Qut quite two 

* ' Who 0ntnfidBt otleta bm pttm».* 

T)m Latd kaon wh« li will bj Lenl knovi who. 
* A aofcil HoaotafiM fva ben iwwj,* 
Hlu'd EtaoiUw tbMCM tb* ■ Mbw day.* " 

Sm Workt, p. lU. 

*B«i«tRlAddnMe«; or. the New Thcctrnni Por- 

' appcttml ki ULtobvi. Wi. A new edlUun, 

I Um alglitMiiib, with MD original pidhn awl imcm 

I ^ tha author*, Um accomplUhod broth«ta, Jaawa and 

I BaiHk, wa« puhtUhed in liOS.] 

■ (" fnm Bit- Waltar Scou. alM. wbow tnuucnMlcBt 

I war* tmij a^uatlad tif Itli rlrtUN and bit arnla- 

MUtf. w« tMrftad bTOura aad oetka, «hkh U >m |m> 

I iWEvIt to fcrgiL * 1 tartaUr mmt ba*v trrltlan thli 

aifMlf I* nld tlut Ana-tanpfvnl man la oon »r the 

I aolwrt, pobtUnc ta the dacrlpUoo of Uis Firv, ' althoagh 

hundred linen, hut will irnike a very small 
Ijoanlcd pamphlet. In a. few dajs you »hull 
tmvL' it. 

" P. S. — The editor of the Satinrt almost 
oujrlit to be thanked for hia revocation ; it is 
doNu htLjidsoint^ly, aftw" five years' waHiuv." 

LnrakllS. TO MH. HITKRAT. 

" Oct. a. 181 L 

" Tliank«, m uxnal. You go or holdlv ; 
but have a care of giuttiag the public, wno 
hove by this time had enmifili of C'hilde 
Harold. 'Waltzing' shall be prepared. It is 
rather above two hundred lines, with an in- 
troductory Letter to the Publisher, I think 
of publjahing, with Childc Harold, the open- 
ing linca of the * Curae of Minerva,* as far as 
the fir.-wt pjHH'ch of Pallas, — because some 
uf the readers like tlmt part better than any 
I have ever written ; and ax it contains 
nothing to ulfect the subject uf the subse- 
quent jHirtion, it will find n place as a l>t~ 
irripttvf Fragment. 

" The ;)/«rfe is bnJcen f between ourselveSi 
it wa« unlike the picture ; and besides, upon 
the whole, the frontiNpiccc of an author's 
visage is but a pultry exhibition. At all 
events, thit would have l>een oo recoramcnd- 
ation to the Ixiok. I am sure Sunders 
would not have turtvvrd the engraving. By 
the by, the picture may n-roain with yoH or 
him (which you please), till ray return. The 
aw of two reiuiuning ct)pic8 is at ynur service 
till I can give you a brti-n-; the other must 
be bwnedpertmpion/y. Agaui, do not for- 
get that 1 have an account with you, and 
iJiat this is mc/uded. 1 give you too much 
trmi&ie to allow you to incur rrpnue also. 

"You best iuiow how fiu* ibis 'Address 
Riot ' will nfTcct the future sole ofChilde 
Harold. J like the volume of 'Rejected 
Addresses ' beCter and better. The other 
parody nhich Perrj has received is mine 
ahio (1 bcUercJ. it is Dr. Busby's speech 

1 ftirtat opeo «1iM oecMln.' Lfdb Whit*, a Voxntj 
Utfr, artae «■§ praoa to had tba Uaos of tha da]-, Inrltad 
ont of oi to dlonari but, raeolUctbtf aftetwardi Ihal 
WDllaM Spanccr fomad one of the |iart]r, wrota to U>a 
lailar Id pal him off; uIUdji hln thai a tnati «ai to ba 
At hi-r table « iKvn ' h« wduM doi llhrto nim,* ' Frajr 
mho b thli wboia I ibould t»ol like to tnrrt ? ' In^alrcd 
till- ftttx. -or aniwerxl the U^y. ' one of tboM meo 
«ho h»r« mad* that ilunnarul aUack upon fou ! * ' Tba 
yvtj mail upon earth I thnulil llk« <o know .*' rajolnrd 
th« Uvcl/ aod taralaM bard. 1h« two lodlvlduala ac 
cofdinilf mat. and ha*c toniJmwd h« Mandt*t«r riae*. 
Oa« rritkbn of a LleeaaleriUn clarcjniiaD xaaj bo [m>> 
tM>iiic«>d unl>|ue: ' I do tMK imi whr Ihnf ibauM ha« 
been r^fcard, nb»enf<«l tht nialt«tir<raU anDotalor i • I 
ibfaih aome af tiMm *vrj good.' " — {"rtfUe* m Rt^feu4 
A*^ti»m, ad. MO^ f. xvin.] 


0$ fmm 

M*. «*i 

^0» «y fl*WB itfr W« Urf CMwra. 
f §mi4 fmrnkU^ mtg, miwm dtmk 

ftm ut mtim Urn faim. md —y oAar — 

to uwttl* cUm ikm. «Udi vfl | >rr l id 4j 

Mil fM Ianw MH. MiaDi, wriua fa* Land 
HfiMU (tk« /H»tf «r Mr AKaV »^»^h 

irfct.i. < -t-i< ir) m4mAi Co dw in ipa fr i fni of 
M' ' "fa tfa* (crUMrk^ imcrict : — 

|r*4 f hM vTcr bMa putiiUwd, Mid 

I*' th wlwtlHrr it U wr/nh nibli- 

<M<<> friffii l^>rd fHfnrUik lii>niry, 

Will iiMt«i liMVf •'•(iifrt^l nrboM ovcrrlooked 
iM(itiiiK*t 'lif MNr4, iff Uw llartriBO MU> 
i<wJJiiu|. Tlir wriilnjt U Ixird IlrmikcH, 
it»i'r|il « illffi-nHit tiadd towiirdii tht- diiw. 
I( U v>Ty loriK. mill in ilii' nii-liiu' bIiiiii^u. 
It U mil f'lr Mill Id tiiiyiinl an iipinlfKi ii|»iiii 
lu illcrlU I liul 1 wiMiM Ijiku (lir lihrn^', if 
i|ii( lMt> I run III I'M line, 111 Kuliniit it til Mr. 
(lllfUnr') 1' '< ' stIiU'ti.froiii liiocxci-IU-iit 
nillllnii I'l I t, I nhuiiUt ripntTJvi' to 

III* H» <li" i ilii- *rn'hi"t iif ihiit ii^t' lu 

nil lltiiai- iiriiiir into. 

" Niiw for It l('»i» .1^1 1 L -lMi iiiij iiiijM'rtiiiit 
iMjili'. - lliiw iBiiii' Mr, /U<i.^A'iMN^*/vi 
wtlliiiiit ciiitHiililiii ytm ur inc. to \\rvf\\ t)ir 
Allilrt-«ii 10 !»!■ VtilllllH' ' of ' ttrin-lrii Ad. 
dii>«M-« y la iHil tliU ■oiiirwhiil mrt-t*i)uun 'f 
I lliliik iliu tiin>iitiMiv t>f Ivit^c iii)|t))t liiivv 
Itpvii lulinl, lltoiiMli I Itiim^ nii iitiji-tlJoti lu 
l)i« llilit)) iurtf , iiiitl tcHvvthi! ' hiimiri!!! nnd 
tikvvii' III llr« tlu'iiiRclvi'i with * tuMc VOID- 
|mriiuiiii-' I •limild tliiiik the iiij;t'iiioii« 
|iulilii loUtrnldy aU-k of t)it< ^iilijrrt, mid. t-x> 
ii'()t ihp l^^fodil**, llmvi' i"^i imorltTtsI, nor 
utiiilt . iiuli'i'd 1 did no) know thut Dr. |()i«)ty 
hud iiuldiohrtl liia A|K>li>(-rlii~nl Iitttrr ui»l 
|'iMt«cri|it, or I thoulil Itiivr rrt.'iilU'd tlu-m. 
Uut, 1 cotifcM, 1 litiiki-d ii))oii hiAC'tridiict in 
n different light bcCon* its iii»|Kiininro, I 
■ce SORW moutiK-lHihk luu tnki-n Aldrnnitn 
Birch's luuiie to vuu|K-riitc Ur. Buahy ; lio 

IwMtuKuarlllrn by llieHon. J.Vi'. Wvil, tntfrMWib 
• " TiM (UduIim RfjMted AdilroM*. prMtmietl (o lb« 


• vor fla 
Yoa « g wiyw fi 

ot any couc^BaHc M 
occadoo for snr lencn bw 
banker*, aadoi ffaenwehafcrtnaAfHan, u 
I win be cvoro. I 

** U ia by no tneam ni^raWhla tlME I Ad I 
go in the ipring ; aiid rf* ^«m w9 ii «■ 
place of rendezvotM aboai Aa^v*. I «il 
umU: or ^'cwi vou- — When ■ ASbbk. I 
wish you wouU inqtufc after Dcnvr Titai 
iiikI Viucillic (or BazD). and makx m i»- 
iifict'ta to the rmem. both thov tmk a ihr 
Mun-ii. If you mention mv maw fta £a> 
Iryiimii fif 'HiHica. 1 thiiik n wS aat &■! 
von ; if I hiul my dntpiiiiaa. or 
'I'lirkith, I could have gi<en yva 

real trrv-ii-r ; but to thc Elinill 

liiirdly rniniNite, and the Urmu t 
fiin lu'nf little iidvantage. Listoayoo 
nlrrady. nnd I do not, as be was not tbn 
niiniHttT. Mind you nsit Kphesus and ds 
Tnmd. iind li_>t me tirar from you when jn 
nlriiac. 1 believe U. Forresti i» now at 
Vtuiinn ; but if not, whocTcr is their will be 
ttKi ba|)|iy lu UMiist you. Be partinilv 
idtuilt firmautti ; never idlow yourself tu be 
buUiocl. fiM- you ure letter protected «■ 
Turkry thnn nny where ; trust noc the 
(Irvt'kn ; luid take some kmrJmarJtrriri fot 
ittrtcntt — u'tttrAri, jHifoit, fee. &c. to the 
iWyn ni>d Pachas. If you find one Deui*' 
trills, at Atht'iiH or cWwhcre, 1 con rccoM* 
uu-iid hiiu un a. gftotl drugoman. 1 hope u 
Join you, however : but you will 6nd ewaflii 
of l-itjillxli now in thc LcTant. 

" Believe mc, Ac* 

C«iuiiiJt1«t or MM»c«Bwnl ror Dnirr Lvir Tli«tfi* I 
prfPTMlMl by IhM wtltM by Lanl Ufnm am* adoftnl W 
Ik* CuMoUttM : " . tMibUibad tijr B. M-MlBiiB. 

St. 25. 




UnsB I It. TO UB. 3f URKAY. 

" Febnury 90- 1S13. 

" In ' Homcc in London * ' I perceive some 
ttanza5 on Lonl Elgin in whicn (wiivtii)^ tin; 
kind coniplinniit to rnysdf '') I hcnnily con- 
cur. 1 wish I hod the pleasure n1' Mr. Sinith'B 
•equohiianL'e, as I conUl L'oiiiinuniculc iiic 
mrunu anecdute \ou read in Mr. T.'s Icttor. 
If he would like it. he can hnvt the mlttfince 
fcr bis .wcond LHlitlon ; if not, I .thall ii<ld it 
iDonr Dext, tliom^h I think wc alrca<lv have 

at Lord Eiyin. 

in I have read of this vork tteems 
tilminibly done. My pniiMt;, however, is 
not much wurUt the author's hanut; ; but 
Tou may thank him in my name lor Air. 
The idea is new — we have excellent imitu^ 
tiuo9 of tlif SatircK, &c. by I'ope ; bnt I 
inu3nl>er but one imitative Oue in his 
rorks, and nonr any where else. I can 
bardly softpose that they have lout any fame 
>T the fate of the Farce ; but even should 
t&is be the oue, the present pubbeation will 
tpin place thent on their pionncle. 

" Voura." Ac 

b haa already been Ktated that the |h-- 
cuniary nipplicA, which he found it iiccc;48Bry 
to roise on arriving al majority, were pro- 
cured fur him on ruinously usurious terms, ' 
To some tnuuactiou't connected with (hi^ 
flat(ject. the following characteristic letter 
rain : — 

i>rru Its. TO »n. Rogers. 

- Much n. i4ia 
** I enrloAC you n draf) for the uKiirioiut 
interest due to Lord ' * 'm prvle/ie ,- — I al^io 
raoUl wish you woukl Ktntc thii<t inucti for 
QIC to his Lordship. Hiuu^'b the tmn*iaction 
ytakh nlainlv in itself for the borrower's 
(lUy nod the lender's usury, it ne\'er was my 
intention to tfiau/i the demand, as I If^nliif 
mi^l. m>r to withhold pnvitient nf prinriim), 
rhopff, even hh/uh/uI interest. You 
what my situation litui been, and what 
1 have parted with an extate (which 
in my fiimily for nearly three Inin- 
yren, and was never disgruced by being 

< CSr Ow AnUiarf of " Rfjntnl Addreact.'*] 

• tfedv 04»mtttlad" Tbo l>artlivMn," lllti«r*a titui 

■* *n aha bohoU m; tmitltjtfd pile 
Skall \trm»l iU ntaeur «ilb rLwttr raicD ; 
And •MM • lltlod bant from Brluin'i Uli> 
TI17 iwumtrj't pralM and wMt$v ftutll ngafi*. 
Aad trc «Uh Aibcni' wtrnicdoangTraffel** 


in possession of a iawi/tr, a r^urt^twm, or a 
Ufimaii, during that period,) to liquidate this 
uiid sinitlur cli-tiianilfi ; and the puynient of 
the purchase Ls still withheld, ami may be, 
)jLThap«, fur yejirs. If, therefore, lam under 
the netx-ssitj' of making those persons wait 
for their money, (which, conaiUerina the 
terms, they can afford lo suffer,) it is my 

'MVhen I arrived at inujority in 1W»9, I 
ofl"ere<l my own security on fr^/ti interest, 
and it was refitsctl. AW, I will not accede 
to this. This man I mcy have oeeu, but I 
have no recollection of the names of any 

CieK but the agcnh anil the securities. 
moment I can it is a.'uiiredly my inten- 
tion to pay my debts. This per.t(jir.s casai 
niiiy be a hard one ; but. under all circum- 
atantes, what is milted I lonhl not foresee 
that the purchaser of my estate was to de- 
mur hi paying for it. 

" 1 am glad it happens 10 be in my power 
so fiw to aecommoilotc my Ismcllte, and only 
»i»h I could do us much for the rest of the 
Twelve Tribes. 

" Ever yours, dear R,, " Bn." 

At tlic hipnning of this year, Jrtr. Murray 
having it in contemplation to pulilish an 
edition of the two cantos of (hilde Uurold 
with engmvin),'^, tiic noble author entered 
with much zeal into his plan ; and, in a note 
on the .subject to Mr. Murniy, najs, — 
•* WesiuU has, I believe, agreexi to illustrate 
your Ixiok, ami I fanc}- one of the engravblgi 
will be from ihe pretty little girl you saw 
the otlier day', thoueh without her name, 
and merely lu a niodttl for hiiiiik sketch con- 
nected with the tmhjecl. 1 would also have 
the portrait (which jiou stiw to-<lay> of the 
friend who is mentioned in the text ul ihe 
close of (.^nto Ist, and in the notes, — 
which arc subjects .sufEciait to uuthorise 
that addition." 

Karly in the npring he brought mtt, niio- 
M^raoiisU his poem on Wahziiie, wbith, 
though hill of very liicly satire, tell so fnr 
hliurt o\ what wiis now expected from him 
by the put)lir, that the disavownl of it, 
which, us wc see by the following letter, 

■ .. >-]>|, j^ ^f^fx p^Twnt llrtnf oo «nnnlUc> 

An loDfier ll*«d Uua oUi«n. _ Cod kBO«> why. 
Unkii Id [ilaitiw tlv gnatora. — jm to tnip It i>. 

'I'luit tt'tav, 1 mllf think, da netnt die. 
Of ATTj credaun. Ibt' wont a Ji-i* ll U ; 

And /jk^'i tl>r(f inodn of fumUMnj; lupiilr ; 
In n7 younR dafi lt»>]r Jsnt mc cash Unt wnjr. 
Which I iwttiA nrf troatdctoam In p«)r." 

Don Jimn. Oudo 11. 

* Ij^y CtiaridlU- H»liT. tn wbon. ondM- Uie SHM of 

Uallw. tho iMrodiKior]: Unat lu Cblldo lUnOd wart 

uneiWBnll iddrnMrd. {TUa Udj «U nurrled In ItSD to 

BrliMfltNOciwnl BacM.} 



he thoueht right to put forth, found ready 
credence : — 

Lcrm !». TO MR. UUHEAY. 

-April 11. mill. 

** I shall he in lown b; Sunday next, nnd 
KiW roll aiitl have Boiiie convcmiion on the 
MiIijiH^l uf Westall'ft (k'signn. 1 iiiii to wit to 
him for a [lifture at the rc<|ucst of u friend 
of niitiL- ; timl as Sanders's U not a good one, 
you will probably prefer the olhi-r. t wish 
yoti to have S;niiier>.*s tnkcii down and sent 
to my loilcings immediiiteiy — liefore my 
arrivaL 1 near thai a rertuin malii.-iDus puK- 
tication on Wultzing U stiributcd to mc. 
Thii n-port, I siippOMr, you will take ciiTf to 
contradict, as the atititor, I an) surt>, will not 
like that I iihouhl wear his cap and bells. 
Mr. Hobhoiisc's quarto will be out imme- 
diately ; pray send to the author for an early 
copv, which'l wish to tukc abroad with inr. 

P, S. — 1 sec the Examiner threatens some 
obwrt-Htiuiis upon you next week. What 
can you have uonc io sliart- tlie wr»th which 
hoa heretofore been principally expended 
u|Km Ihc l*riiu:c? I presume all your 
Scriblcri will be drawn up in battle array in 
defcDCc of the modem Tonson — Mr. Bucke, 
for instance. 

" Send in my account to Bcunct Street, 
aa I wish to settle it before tuuliuK-" 

In the month of May appeared his wild 
and iK-autiful " Fragnicnt," TV Giaaur; — 
and ihuugh. in its firpt Hi^ht from his hands, 
some of the fairest fesithcrs of its wing were 
jx't waiitiiic, the public hailed this new otf- 
fiprinc of bts genius with wunder and delicht. 
The idcs of writing a iH>em in fra^ieuts Tiad 
lieen suggested to huii by the Columfi/is of 
Mr. Rogers ; and, whatever objections may 
lie i^nKt KU<-h n phui i:i general, it must tie 
anowod to hnvc been well suited to the 
im|iatient tcmpcrnnieiu of Bymri, as ena- 
bling him to overleap those mcchanienl diffi- 
culties, which, in a repiilar narrative, em- 
Inrrass. if not chill, the |M>rt, — leaving it tu 
the imagination of his readcrni to fdl up the 
intcnalfl between those abrupt bursts of 
passion in which his chief power lay. The 
rtor}', too, of the poem possessed that sti- 
mulating charm for him, almost mdispcn^- 
aide to his fancy, of Iwing in some dcercc 
connected with himself, — an event in wliich 
he hud been |K;rsoTially erintxTiied, while on 
liis tnivrli. having supplied the groundwork 
tm which the fiction wuh founded. After the 
Bppc-nranre of The (iiuoiir, some incorrect 
dtatemeiit of this romantic incident having 
got into circulation, the noble author re- 
quested of his friend, the Mar(iuis of Stigo, 

who hod visited Atlien^ )>oon uiier it )ap- 
pencil, to funiish him with his rccollectiooi 
on the subject ; and the fullowing is ike 
answer which Lord tiligo returned : — 

" ARmdj. MkhIjv. AnfiM 31. IIU 

" My dear Byron, 

" You have requested mc to tell yon lO 
that I heard at Athens about the a^ of 
(hut girl who was so near being put an ad 
to while you were there ; you hove asked 
me to mention eve.'v circunintance, in the 
remotest degree relating to it, which I heanl 
In compliance with yourwisltes, I write to you 
all I heard^ and I cannot imagine it to be 
very far from the fiict, as the circumstance 
happened ouly a day or two before I anrircit 
at Athens, and, conRcquentir, wss a matter 
of common convcnatton at the time. 

** The new governor, uoaccustomcd to 
have the same intercourse with the Chris- 
tians as his predecessor, had of course the bor- 
biu-im.s Turkirih ideas with regard to women. 
In iHiiLHcquencc, and in compliance with the 
strict letter of the MuJiommedan law, he or- 
dered thifi girl to l>e sewed up in a &ack, and 
ihruvrn into the sea, — as is, indeed, qoile 
customarj- at Constantinople. As you were 
returning from bathini; in tlie PiraraJi, )oa 
met tliti procession gumg down to eiecute 
the sentence of the Waywodc on this un- 
fortumitc girl. Kcport continues to sav, 
ttiat on finding out what the ot»ect of ther 
journey was, nnd who was the miserable 
!iudi-rer, you immediately inteH'cred i and on 
some delay in obeying your orders, you were 
obliged to inform the leader of the escort, 
that foFce shouUl make him comply ; — thtl, 
on farther he^iuaion. vou drew a pistol, atul 
told htm, that if he did not iimnedtiitely obey 
yiiur orders, and couki liaek with vou to the 
A^t\ huusc, you would shoot \um dead. 
On this the man turned about ond went 
with yon to the governor's house ; hcreyM 
succeeded, [airtty by pcrsunid Ihrcats, aod 
|>artly by bribery and entreaty, in procuriop 
lier piirdon, on condition of her Icariag 
AUieus. 1 was told that you tlien co>- 
veyed her in »dety to the convent, and do* 
spatched her off at night to Thetfcs, when 
line found n safe asyliun. Such is tlit 
fitory I heard, as n(>arly as I can rrct^lect K 
at pre^nt. Should you wish Io ask me anf 
further [[ucKtinns abniit it, I shall tw tOf 
ready and uilliug to answer thciu. I rentaiii. 
my dear Byron, 

" Tours, Tcry sincerdy, 
" Slim. 

" I am afraid you will luurdlv be able to 
read this scrawl ; but I um so oiinie:! wilb 

1 At. S5. 




the prcfnTBtiona for my journey, that you 
excuM it" 

Of the prod^sl flow of hU fancy, when 

iti lourccs were ooce opened on any 5ul>ject, 

Ibe tiiaoiir afforda one of tlw nuMt re- 

maHcable instances. — this pocin having ac- 

runiiUat^ unilpr bis hand, both in printing 

and through aucccsNirc cditionK, till Irntn 

four hundred tines, of which it consisted in 

hia first ropy, it at present amounts to nearly 

f<mrtet-n hundred. The pUn, Imk't^, whicf) 

he hod adopted, of a scries uf fragments ', 

— « set of " orient pearls at random strunp." 

— left him frrr to intrtHhire, withnut re- 
ference to more than the general romplexioa 
of his ttory, whatever sentiments or imiiges 
hia fiinry, in itH excurMoiut, could culK-i-t ; 
and bow little fettered he wa^ by an}' regard 
to connection in these additions, appears 
fiom m note which nrconipanic<l hix own 
copy of the |>ara^[raph commencing " Fair 
cfamc, where c^'ery season Mmilcs," — in 

lich he says. " I have not yet fixed the 
of insertion for the fuUowinglinu!, but 
when I see you — as I have no copj ." 

Etcd into this new poKsagc, rich as it wns 
St firkl, his fancy anerwurdK poun^d a frehh 
infuaion, — the whole of it» ino&t picturcMpit: 
portioii, from the line " For there, the Hose 
o'er att or rale." down to *' And turns to 
gnwof nij roundday." having been Kug- 
gested lo him during revision. lu order to 
show, however, that thoni^ su rapid in the 
fint beat of composition, he formed no ex- 
CBptionto that Utw which impo^e-slaltour as 
the price of perfection, I shall licrc extract a 
few vcrsctt from bit* origiiuil druft of tliis 
Hfigra{ih, by com|Hiring which with the 
! hnu tbey wear at present «, we may learn 
looMireciaie the value of these aftcr-touchcn 
of the nwrtcr. 

** Fab oUai* t wiMra tnaritu iwn — er iniltH 
t o'lr IlioN bleuHl Uw^ 

* (* It la ft ' (Ncnxnt,* U U true ; bat It n»dt llki> onr of 
tat «ld «rofu] tnjkr billa<U. In *bicli Iho hUuu M<<-m 
I^h4 b) ttM Ulinc KWMy of »U timiOeH ktanui, ukI 
te l»MM otf RUhrlni Inpi italUj ami fuainlagl)r mvr 
«A d^Mi In tbe rDcfca." _ Wilm«.] 

> Tlw fhllnotas va ibo lUm hi tbe\t prMmt (liapa, 
«ri It «<D be men thju ibm* te not k iliitlc altentkM In 
ilM lb* nM^ of lb* TVTM bu Bol been tmprotred u 
•d M IM duKWU : — 

* firfr diata t wIhn mtf muoa Milteft 
lr^n'»1 o*ir UkOwblGtwd talM. 
WUck. MM fkm tar CatoaM'i b«l|hi, 
lUke «Uil tiM bout ttui InA tha (tgbt. 
An4 Uod la iM w I tMH dfllgbt. 
TiM*. mUdljr ainpUnc. OcacM'l diett 
the tlDt« of manr « peak 
>| br Ibe lH|hlH| UrfM UmI kn 
naa IUkMO(OwaMUra««T«; 


Whkft. Mw fron br Cglonu'i helgbl, 
H»km glad Cb* hMR that faalb tlw stibt. 
And girt to tooBUnni dallfbt. 
Ttarra iMtiu Ikt Ar^U atatet ^ ut», 

& imiliitg nnuid Ike vaCm favr 

Tlif Mr R.-U!ni or ih(! raMaro wtra. 

Or ir. Bt tlinra. iha tnaulMtt brwu 

Urrak Itie itmxtUt CTjttai of tba mu. 

Or AnuA «ao hloMOiu ftoin tlw tnca. 

How gratffi^ li tba gmtlr air 

Ttat wakei iDil vafU tbr jVafraner than.** 

Among the other jHtssages ailded to this 
edition (which waa either the third or fourth, 
and l}ctwiH;n which and the 6rst there inter- 
vened but about six wetkni) woh that most 
beautiful and melancholy ilJuairalion of the 
lifele»!4a»[ject of Greece, beginninfi" lie who 
hath hcnt him o'er the dead," — of which 
cbf most gifted critic of our day > has Justly 
prunuunt'ed, that "it cuntainH an image 
more true, more mournful, aiul more exqui- 
sitely finiidied, than any we can recollect in 
the wbolu con^Maa of (loetr)." ■ To the 
&ame et.lition also verc added, among other 
ncccfisions of wealth ■•, those Hues, " The 
cygnet |>roudly walks the water," and the 
impiiMHiuned verses, " My memory dov ii 
but the tomb." 

On my rtjoining him in town thLi spring, 
1 found die u-nlhusiium about his writings 
and himself, which 1 lefl nu pn'vnlent, Iwth 
in the world of literature and in wH-iety. 
crown, if uny thing, HtiU more general and 
fntense. In the immedinie circle, pvrliaps, 
around him, faoiiliiirity of inlercourtic might 
have begun to jjruduce itj§ usuhI dittenchnnt- 
ing effocis. IIik own UveUnes-s and unre- 
!KT\'c on a more intimate ucquuintuiicc, 
would not be lung in dtA|*elling that charm 
of jioctic Mulncss, which to the eyes of dis- 
tant observers bung about him ; while the 
romantic notions connected by boedc of hia 
fair readers wicli those past and namcless 
loves ulhulod to in his poeiBs, ran some risk 

And if at Umoi a Iranitrat bnai* 
Brrak Uk> ditto crf lUl of Iho MM. 
Or ivaap am Uawon ftnm the Iran, 
Huir welcvina b aach icnUe air 
Tliac wakes and waOs the odoun thero i " 

» Mr. Jrt&Tj. 

• IQ l)alUwv)t'( Caojiantlnnpte, a hoi>k which Lard 
BfTOB li not unllkdy to ham oonanltnt, I Bnd a pwues 
qtiotcd (hiin r.Illin'i UitCoty of nr««rc, which inHahW. 
IMfbap*. the RrM aaol o( the tbou^ tbiu MpanM Me 
(taU FCribtilea by fcnliu : — " Tbt prastnl itaa of Or«MS 
tu siyitaJ to tba aadant li tba allaa obacunty af Iks 
parvomtraatal with the *trM loilreof acUva Ufa." 

* AmoMf tbe nmrilcd Uuuncn of iucb bappr alMr* 
thouibts hi poatry nay ba RMBilaoad, ai «na or tba iwMt 
mananbla, Itenhani'a bar Ums. " Ob eeuU I Sow Ilka 
tbaa." *c. whtck wan addsd l> tba taccod edlclm of Us 


of nbateinent &x?m too near an acquaintam-e 
witli die aiijipuaod objects of his fancy anil 
fonilncss at present. A poei's inistre** 
should rettuin, if pu»sil>te, tis inl!if;inHry ii 
iKJng to othen, as, in mo!>l of ttic uttributcs 
he clothes her with, she has been to hinuetf ; 
— the reality, however fair, bcin^ alway^i 
stirc to full nfioit of tlic picture which a tou 
lavish funcy has dnivrn of it. Could we 
coll up in army heforc iia all the beauties 
whom the love of [K>eU has iinmDrtali»u(t, 
from the high-boni daiue to the pleljciun 
ilomset, — from the Lauras and Sacharissas 
down to the (.'Ioch anil Jcanntca, — vc 
hhtmld, it is to tx: feared. »uillv unpeople our 
inugtnattons of many a bri^lit tenant that 
poesy IiHH loctgcd then-, and Bud, in more 
than one inittancc, our admiration of the 
&ith and fancy of the worshipixr increased 
by otir discovery of tlie worlhlessneits of the 

But, whatcrer of its first romantic im- 
pression the personal chami-ter of the poet 
may, from such oiuscs, have lo6t in the cir- 
cle he mottt frc<]uei)ted, this disappointment 
of the imagination was for more than com- 
pcnxatnl hy the frank, MHrin), and cn^aginj; 
tjuulitle-s, bulb of disposition and mannieT, 
which, on a nearer intercourae, he tlisdoKcd, 
as well AK by that entire liliscncc of any lito 
rary aXKiunptiim or pedantry, which rnt:t1ed 
him fully to the praise btstowcd by Sprat 
upon Cowlt-y, that few ronid " ever discover 
he was a great poet by hia discounte." While 
ihns, by h\» intinintes. and tho^ic who had 
(tot, aa it were, l>ehind the scenes of his 
fattte. he waii »cen in his true well 
ofweakne^s as of amiablciiess, on slrangei-.s, 
and such m ■vrvra nut of this immediate 
circle, the apcll of his poetical character atill 
continued to opemte ; and the fierce gloom 
anil stErnncsa of his ima^nary personages 
were, by the t-reater number of them, !n![>- 
' posed to hcloTii;, not only as re^^urdcd ntind, 
but manners, to hunself. So prevalent and 
perseveriti^ has liccn this notion, that, in 
Bome disquiutions on his character published 
stncv Ins death, and containing othcrwiiie 

> L«ttWtotiUieClHfaflU)r&DdKii>llcatOnlLuuri.nrd 
Bprn^iiySk Bctitoa SrjUgn, Bart. 

■ " Contiouiu a■p•^cUll mlaiu vr-rondot niatng* bQ- 
ntnn faril." 

* Thr »nly i>wiillaHt)r tliul «truc4. m* on ihoM oc«i' 
•tool vu thr uiMUU^y nKtlfluneu whtch he twtenl lo 
trtl In wMiIni ■ hu. — an artlcir of dmi which. Dram 
bU c^nitATt Ukc (if » (Mtiii^fl wliilr In Hn|(larHl. h« w«i 
almrut ohoUy unuciMtMnAd to. and which, Atttt Uui 
je»f, I il'( ihit r»Tii«iiber ta harr r*rr »w!n upon him 
afnin. AhroKd, baaiwaya woniAklndDrforaiiiiif cjp. 

* [•• Such |Hlnt1n( u Itill bMpeaki the liaiid uf a 
towt^r 1 nvr; (oodi bring* out charkctrr i mil we fml 
aaiond Oul tba partnlt li trtue to mUut. There li 

I" uid striking >iews, we find, in the 

;■ ,".irtrait drawn of him. iuch fea- 

mres ;is irif following : — " l^rd Hyrtin had 
a stem, direct, severe mind : a sarcaBiie, da- 
dainful, gloomy temper. He hail no lijjfhl 
svmpathv with heartle-is cheerfulness— uixin 
tin? surface was sourness, discontent, dis- 
pleasure, ill-will. Beneath all this weight 
of cloud and darkne;** '," &c.&c. 

Of the sort of double nspca which he thut 

E resented, as viewed by the world aod br 
is friends, he was himself fully aware ; ana 
it not only amused him, but, uk a proof of 
the renntility of his powers. Battered hit 
pride. He was. indeetl, as I have already 
remarked, by no Jtieaiis insensible or init* 
leiitivc t(j the effect he produced personally 
on society : antl though the briliiunt siatioi 
he had attained, since the commenceaMOt 
of my acquaintance with hiin, made not the 
slightest alteration in the unnHectedncM of 
his private intercourse, I could perceire. I 
tboiisbt, witlt refL'rrnce to the external 
wurli}, <K»uc bli^'lit changes in his conduct, 
which seemed indicative of the effects of his 
celebrity ujwn him. Among other circiun- 
stances, I olMcnxd that, whether from shy- 
ness of the general gaze, or from a notion, 
like Livy's. thut men of eminence should 
not too nilich familiarise the piddic to thcv 
IM-rsons-, he iiviiided showmg himself ta 
the mornings, and in crowded places, mudi 
more than was his cu^itoin when we first 
bccnmi^ .irtpiaintcd. The preceding year, 
before hiii uuuie had grown " so rifeond cele- 
brated," wc had gone together to the exlii- 
bition at >>(}ini;rset House, and other such 

C laces ■•, ami the true reason, no douht, of 
is present rescr^'e, in abstaitiing from all 
such miscellaneous haunts, was thr srnsi- 
iiv[^ncss, so often referred to, on the subji;ct 
of his liuneuess.' — a feeling which the curi- 
osity of the public eye, row uttmcted lo tlus 
infirmity I'v hiw fame, could not fail, he knew, 
to put ntther painfiilly to the proof. * 

Among tht^ many gay hours we passed 
together this spring. I remember particularly 
the wild flow of his spirits one evening 

rind^uUcm la rach fr«e and fe«rt«aa fHewUMp wkkb li 
ImdMlble, and wt lo*< th« bl<(|rrapli(ir «hi>, bf ahwpla 
and luuUigulMd Cnith. puU dawn CJtahood uU lu tontna 
drop* lu Idle vtnocD In Uic diut. SIronK kok aod Am 
■entimcni hei« glowlnevary Unet io** tw Ut* * poor 
Inhabitant IwIdm ' «nf«nd*n no katrvd tnward* tba m*. 
liKnll; that would tiln Rii and dbturh hIa my cbmud t 
liut hi* (TUlorJit I* aenne. In the coa*ciau» prlda nf briag 
prIillcgiM] to canf(«t tlio fralltlr* a( him whiiH dunaCar, 
In n'ibe t^Uwn ill, wm iilll iiiilili iimi lij iiij iiiaili 
mioD af hli Tlrcun. wjr ioor« than of kit ?K«s. wwM 
K«'k to wrong Bjron Ktj wbn*. ud 
-lent of all. 
II«rD itaadint by hi* sm«."*— WluoR.J 




when «u had arcotnpanieJ Mr. Roccrs home 
fritm home t-arly a»bcnil>lv, and when Lord 
£yron, who, accord in;; to his frequent cuf- 
'*|Otn, hod not dinrd ii)r the liist two days, 
toatui hi^ huiigLT nu loiiia'i* govL-mublu, uiid 
called aloud for "something to eat." Our 
repast* — of hiit own ihooainj;, — wdk simple 
bread nod chci-se ; luid seldom liuvc I pur- 
takcn of K) joyous a supper. It ha{i|Hriied 
tbat our ho6t hod just received a present- 
ation copy of a voluntc of poems '. written 
professedly in initiation of cne old Enctish 
writem, and containing, liite many nf tliete 
model*, a good deal that wii^t strikitift and 
beaDtifut. mixed up with much that wus Irt- 
fimttttitic, and ab«urd. In our iikkkI, 

le moroent, it was onlv with these lutti-r 

liticfi that either Lori Byron or I fdl 
to indu]^ Quraelvcs ; and, in tura- 

orcr the po|^ii. we found, it niiiKt he 
', abundant matter for mirth. In rain 
'. Rogers, in jiuticc to the author, cn- 
dearour to dirt.-ct our uitentioii to M)me of 
the beauticfi of the work : — It suitetl better 
our purpoHL' (as iit too often the com with 
fliorc detilienite critics) to ponnre only on 
nicb passages aa miniaccred to the laughing 
biim<iur that poasesavd na. In thi-t sort of 
bunt through the volume, wc at Imgth lighted 
on the discovery that our host, in addition 
big sioctre opprobntion of some of its 
itenta, had nlra the motive of gratitude 

•taiuUt^ by its nuthor. as one of the 
pocma wDs a warm, and, t need not add, 
WDUnlciterTcd pan^rie on himself. We 
were, h<iwiTtT, too fur pine in nonsense for 
even this culog)-, in which we bolh bo hewr- 
tily agrcad, to stop us. llic opening line of 
the poem was, as well as I van recollect, 
~ \\nei) Rogers oVrlhis labour bent ;" and 
Lonl B}ron undertook to read it aloud — 
but he found il impossible to uct beyond the 
firn two words. Our laughter hnd now 
iocrenaed to nu-h a pitch that notliing could 
rattnuit it. Two ur ihne timi-<t he begun ; 
htjt DO sooner ha«l the word* " When Ro- 
^■.rt ' passed his lips, than our fit burst forth 
•;,,h — (ill e\en Mr. liogers himaelf. with 
lading of our iryustice. found it im- 
< •-- not tujcHD us; and we were, at 
! ^c, oil thrcr,tn!tnchastateof inextin^niiFih- 
-I'lc laughter, tliut, bad the autiuir lumself 

I [" rooBi on Mtcn) Ua>»lmt. bjr Cdw*nl Lonl 

■ Ho lMra«ltiidMtaa«Unaer •( Ur. Ko««ra'i,i>r»hkh 

I Imv« elMwbm (t*«n Iha folliiwluK Mi-onnt : — ** Tba 

I fmnffaif ranliliil but «( Mr. Iliiiccn Iilnicir. Lwd 

I Brno. Mr. fltwrMan, amt llto wrlttrr «t IhU Mnitolr. 

1 knnr tba adMlntton lilt «udlra« Wt far Mm : 

IfraMfic* of tbs r<Nng pM. In pntioiUr, WMBod M 

t baca hU (nra yomh and wk t and the deUlU ho 

I ffn of bis catty lUb war* OM toM laiwulag and u>l- 

been of the party, I qumtion much whether 
he could bavcreaistcd thr infection. 

A day or two oftcr. Lord B>ron sent roe 

the following ; — 

" My dear Moore, 

'• * Wlieii Rogers * must not sec the in- 
closed, which 1 bciiil fur your peru&ul. 1 
am reody to fix any day you like flir uur 
visit. Wa8 not Shendun good upon thu 
whole ? The ■ I'oulterer ' was tlic first and 

" Etct yours. &c" 

" Whn Tburlmr ihii dann'd nooMua loit, 
Ohopa I am Bot Tlokoc), 
Kor men no* (gda knew wlial ha BHat. 

" And ibH* not rf'n oar lt<^n' praUa 
To DManwa laii* hto thfloghu ooukl raiM — 
Vhjr hwmW Ut»f Ut him print Ida Uj> ? 


■* To me. dirlna A foOa, gnat '-0 I 
ll«m)iltlA'i dm and accood cscta. 
I'm Stttng Hp a atm pomcaauan t 

" Awl ihiu tA ftwnkh dKoot llnlii(, 
Hgr own and uUicn' baj* I'm twlnbif — 
Iki, itPDUv Thiutow , ilirow dw Vahm In." 

On the name day I receiTcd from him the 
followii^ ndditioiuil scraps. The lines in 
italics urc from the eulog}' that pro\'oJit'd his 
waggish cumutentj). 



" ' / laj/ my fironcA oflaurrl Hottm' 

" 7*o« ' Uj Uif liraneh of Uimrfl down I ' 

Whj', »kM Uiou'at <tole U mH etrnw t 
And. wtra tt lawftiUj thtiM owd, 

DoM K«flar> wani It tnoir « ibou? 
Keep totbjvatf tbr wtUirr'i) boujh. 

Or acad tt bvk to l>r. Donne — 
W«r* JuiUoa done to both, I trow, 

Ba'd lu«« iMl litUr, and ibna — aaim. 

matini to hlnuclf tkan del%t>cail t« ui. II vat In tba 
muTM of tUa Maolai thai, dcwriUiig b* <u UMpoam 
which Mr. WhObrwd h«l WTttieD. and mbi to. anooc 
the othrr addraaaa ibr tb« opaolBg of Oiwj I,ana 
thHUr«, sad which, llkp Ui« raat, hmrd chlmJjr on allu. 
■Uitu h> lh« Pbtaaix, ha aa)d — ' Bui Whitbraad madv 
mmv of Ibl* bird than utf of U)«n:— ha rataral tbto 
partfmlait, and dMcrlbrd Hi wltigt, baafc. tad, *c. ; — Id 
•bare, a WM a roiiUertr't daiertpUeo of a PhoiUx."— 

N 3 





•* ' Then lAtu to firm ApoUo'i crowH* 

" A erowa t wliy, twM it ham von otlt, 
Tbf dMplflt muH be KmlKsp >tlll. 
Whrn iMun jDU *Ut Udphi'* unm. 

Inquire amuOKri jrunr rellowlodgvn. 
Tb^jrtl leU jaa rbobui ittm bli own. 
Sooo fmn bcftitr jwir Urtb, u> &<««■. 

" ' het every otkir bring ka own,' 

•■ Wbm coaU Co NtvcutU an cvritd. 

And DvU wnt Ia AihmM u vondere* 
From U> ip«nt*« when tbe U«|«il'i uomarrlad. 

Or UytrpocX «n^ o'er U* blundpf* ; 
ythao Torln ■»] Wbigt ecu* to iiuarrpi, 

WkMi CMtl«M«t)'( »t(» tuu an hair, 
nm BOfin tl>«ll atk ut lur laurel, 

Andlfeoiiabtlt have piciilj til (itare." 

Tlic mention which he makes of Shctidan 
in the note jiiiit citcJ oflbrds a fit oppor- 
tunity of proJuciiig, from one of his Juunmts, 
W)ine partieulnrs whicJi he has notcU down 
rcspectidgthis L-xtrtiortiinarv iniui, for whose 
tnlcnl^ he eiiteniuncJ the most unbounded 
mhniration. — ratitii; him, In naliiml powers, 
far uliovo all his grejiL political contcm- 

*' In society 1 have met SheiiJaii frc- 
qunntly '• he uas Mi[)crh I He hnJ a sort of 
hking for nic, and nevur attacked me, at 
Iciut to my face, mid he did every body else 

— hiijh names, and wttx, and orators, some 
of iht-m |>ovtit aina. I have inxn liim cut up 
Whii1>reiM[,<iim Mmlaaie de Siai'l. uniiibilute 
Colman, uiif do little less by some others 
(who» nuoes, m Oiends, I sei not down} 
of good (hmc luid ability. 

" Thir hut time 1 uict him was. I tluiik. 
at Sh- Gilbert lltatlKotcs, where he wua as 
(luiek aH ever — no, it wm not the hist 
tune ; tile hut time was at Dougliu Kin- 

" I have nirt him in all places and partie-j^, 

— at MTiiuihall with the Melhournes, at the 
Manjiiis of Tavistock's, at Rolnns's the 
auctioneer'*, at Sir Htnnphrey Davy'», at 
Sfim Rogers**, — in short, m most kindu of 
company, and nlways found him very cod- 
rtvial and delightful. 

" 1 have seen i^heridan weep two or three 
times. It may Ixr that be was mmidlin ; hut 
thin only renders it more impresaiie, for who 
would Bce 

" Fnnn Mirlboningfa'i tyts i)i« trart at dota^t" Bo<*> 
And Svlft expire • drlrtllcr awl a ihow ? 

Once I snw him cry at Robins's the auc- 
tioneer's, after a splendid diimer, full of 
creut names and liif;h spirits. I had the 
noDOur uf sitting next to Sheridan. The 
occasion of his tears was some obficn-ation 

or otlier ujion the xubject of the ihiiiliiUM 
of the Whi}^s in rcsistm;; office and kecpiaf 
to their principles : {>heridBn turned round i 
— ' Sir, it is easy for my Lord ti. or Hnrl O. 
or Marquis 6. or Lord IL with thuuituvb 
upon thousands a year, some of h eidatr 
pretentfi/ derived, or iuAerited in idnecure or 
acquifittions from the public money, to Immm 
uf their patriolumi and keep aloof froni 
CemptotioD j hut they do not know fraa 
what temptation those have kept aloof mho 
had eijiial pride, at leust eipial talents. umI 
not unequal paK.sio:u>, and nevertheless knew 
not in the course of their lives what it was 
to have a ^hillrn;; of their own.* And in 
saying thiK he ncpi. 

" 1 have more than once heard him say. 
* that he never had a shilling of his ova.' 
To be sure, he contrived to extract a gooi 
many of other people';!. 

"In l'!*\5, I had occasion to \iat my 
lawyer in Chancery Lane ; he was with She- 
ridan. After mutual greetings, &c., fiheridan 
r^'tired first. Before recurring to my own 
hu^incMi, 1 cotdd nut help intpiirinji; that of 
Sheridan. ' Oh,* replied the attorney, ' tbs 
usual thins! to stave off an action fivHD hif 
wine-merchant, my client.' — 'Well,' aotd L 
'and what do you mean to do?' — *Nothiq| 
at all for the present,' said he : * would y<M 
have UK proceed opunst old Shcfry? whiC 
would be tlie use of it?* and here he bcgM 
lau^^hing, and going over Slieridnn'a good 
gif^ of conversation. 

" Now, from i>ersonal experience. 1 on 
vouch that my attorney is by no tneana the 
tenderest of men, or particulark ucceasible 
to any kind of impression out of^thc statute 
or record ; mkl yet Sheridan, in half an 
hour, hnd found the way to soften BBtl ' 
•lediu-e him in kucIi a monnfT. that I almost 
think be would have thrown his client (lui 
honest man. with all the laws, and bome 
justice, on his »ide) out of the window, had 
tie come m at the moment. 

" Such yvaA Sheridan ! he could soften an 
attorney [ There has been nothing like it 
since the days of Or[>lKntN, 

" One diiy I saw him take up his own 
' Monody on Garrick.' lie lighted upon the 
Dedicniiou to the Dowaj^ir Lady Spencer. 
On >eeing it, he flew into a rage, and ex- 
rlnimed, ' that it must be a forgery, that he 
had never dedicated any thing of his to such 
a d — d canting,' A:c. fitc. Ac. — and so went 
on for half an hour abusing his own ded^ 
cation, or at