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Full text of "The life and morals of Jesus of Nazareth : extracted textually from the Gospels, together with a comparison of his doctrines with those of others"

N®, 







THE 



LIFE AND MORALS 



OF 



JESUS OF Nazareth 

Extracted Textually from the Gospels, 

together with a comparison of 

his doctrines with those 

of others. 

BY 

THOMAS JEFFERSON. 



Jefferson's mission was leadership. Without an effort on his part 
expressions from his lips, that from other men's would scarcely have 
attracted notice, became thenceforth axioms, creeds, and gathering- 
cries to great masses of his countvymen.-Renry S. Bandall. 



N. D. THOMPSON PUBLISHING CO., 

ST. LOUIS, CHICAGO AND 

NEW YORK. 



Copyright, 1902, by N. D. Thompson Publishing Co, 



PREFACE. 

Id 1803, while "overwhelmed with other business," Mr. Jef- 
ferson cut from the evangelists such passages as he believed 
would best present the ethical teaching of Jesus, and "arranged 
them, on the pages of a blank book, in a certain order of time 
or subject." He called it "The Philosophy of Jesus of Naz- 
areth, extracted from the account of his life and doctrines, as 
given by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John; being an abridg- 
ment of the New Testament for the use of the Indians, unem- 
barrassed with matters of fact or faith beyond the level of 
their comprehension." In a letter to his friend, Mr. Charles 
Thompson, after describing this work, he said: "If I had 
time I would add to my little book the Greek, Latin and French 
texts in columns, side by side." Some time afterwards he 
carried out the design thus expressed, giving the texts in the 
four languages, "in a handsome morocco-bound volume, labeled 
on the back 'Morals of Jesus.' " This is the volume called 
"The Jefferson Bible," which is now owned by the Govern- 
ment, and the publication of which has been recently ordered 
by Congress. While this volume was still in the possession 
of Mr. Jefferson's oldest grandson, Colonel Thomas Jefferson 
Randolph, an accurate copy of its table of contents was made, 
and from that copy the English text is reproduced in the fol- 
lowing pages. As a fit introduction to it, a letter to Dr. Ben- 
jamin Rush, and a comparison of the doctrines of Jesus with 
those of others, are published, giving, perhaps, the fullest ex- 
pression of his religious views ever made by Mr. Jefferson 
himself. 



A TABLE 

Of the texts from the Evangelists employed in this narrative, and of the order of 

their arrangement. 

Luke ii. 1-7: Joseph and Mary go to Bethlehem, where Jesus is born. 

21, 39: He is circumcised and named, and they return to Naza- 
reth. 

40, 42-48, 51, 52: At 12 years of age he accompanies his parents 
to Jerusalem and returns. 

L. iii. 1, 2; Mk. i. 4; Mt. iii. 4, 5, 6; John baptizes in Jordan. 

Mt. iii. 13: Jesus is baptized. L. iii. 23: At 30 years of age. 

J. ii. 12-16: Drives the traders out of the temple. 

J iii. 22; Mt. iv. 12; Mk. vi. 17-28: He baptizes, but retires into Galilee 
on the death of John. 

Mk. i. 21, 22: He teaches in the Synagogue. 

Mt. xii. 1-5, 9-12; Mk. ii. 27; Mt. xii. 14, 15: Explains the Sabbath 

L. vi. 12-17: Call of his disciples. 

Mt. V. 1-12; L. vi. 24, 25, 26; Mt. v. 13-47; L. vi. 34, 35, 36; Mt. vi. 1-31; 
vii. 1, 2; L. vi. 38; Mt. vii. 3-20; xii. 35, 36, 37; vii. 24-29; The 
sermon on the mount. 

Mt. viii. 1; Mk. vi. 6; Mt. xi. 28, 29, 30: Exhorts. 

L. vii. 36-46: A woman anointeth him. 

Mk. iii. 31-35; L. xii. 1-7, 13-15: Precepts. 

L. xii. 16-21: Parable of the rich man. 

22-48, 54-59; L. xiii. 1-5: Precepts. 

L. xiii. 6-9: Parable of the fig tree. 

L. xi. 37-46, 52, 53, 54: Precepts. 

Mt. xiii. 1-9; Mk. iv. 10; Mt. xiii. 18-23: Parable of the sower. 

Mk. iv. 21, 22, 23: Precepts. Mt. xiii. 24-30, 36-52: Parable of the tares. 



Mk. iv. 26-34; L. ix, 57-62; L. v. 27-29; Mk. ii. 15-17: Precepts. 

L. V. 36-39: Parable of new wine in old bottles. 

Mt. xiii. 53-57: A prophet hath no honor in his own country. 

Mt. ix. 36; Mk. vi. 7; Mt. x. 5, 6, 9-18, 23, 26-31; Mk. vi. 12, 30: Mission 
instructions, return of apostles. 

J. vii. 1; Mk. vii 1-5, 14-24; Mt. xviii. 1-4, 7-9, 12-17, 21-35: Precepts. 

Mt. xviii. 23-35: Parable of the wicked servant. 

L. X. 1-8, 10-12: Mission of the seventy. 

J. vii. 2-16, 19-26, 32, 43-53: The feast of the tabernacles. 

J. viii. 1-11: The woman taken in adultery. 

J. ix. 1, 2, 3: To be born blind no proof of sin. 

J. X. 1-5, 11-14, 16: The good shepherd. 

L. X. 25-37: Love God and thy neighbor; parable of the Samaritan. 

L. xi. 1-13: Form of prayer. 

L. xiv. 1-6: The Sabbath. 

7-24: The bidden to a feast. 
28-32: Precepts. 

L. XV. 1-32: Parables of the lost sheep and prodigal sou. 

L. xvi. 1-15: Parable of the unjust steward. 
18-31: Parable of Lazarus. 

L.xvii.1-4, 7-10, 20, 26-36: Precepts to be always ready. 

L. xviii. 1-14: Parables of the widow and judge, the Pharisee and pub- 
lican. 

L. X. 38-42; Mt. xix. 1-26: Precepts. 

Mt. XX. 1-16: Parable of the laborers in the vineyard. 

L. xix. 1-28: Zaccheus, and the parable of the talents. 

Mt. xxi. 1-3, 6-8, 10; J. xii. 19-24; Mt. xxi. 17: Goes to Jerusalem and 
Bethany. 

Mk. xi. 12. 15-19: The traders cast out from the temple. 

Mk. xi. 27; Mt. xxi. 27-31: Parable of the two sons. 



Mt. xxl. 33; Mk. xii. 1-9; Mt. xsi. 45, 46: Parable of the viueyard aud 
husbandman. 

Mt. xxii. 1-14: Parable of the king and wedding. 
15-33: Tribute, marriage, resurrection. 

Mk. xii. 28-31; Mt. xxii. 40; Mk. xii. 32, 33: The two commandments. 

Mt. xiii. 1-33: Precepts, pride, hypocrisy, swearing. 

Mk. xii. 41-44: The widow's mite. 

Mt. xxiv. 1, 2, 16-21, 32, 33, 36-39, 40-44: Jerusalem and the day of judg- 
ment. 

45-51: The faithful and wise servant. 

Mt. XXV. 1-13: Parable of the ten virgins. 
14-30: Parable of the talents. 

L. xxi. 34-36; Mt. xxv. 31-46: The day of judgment. 

Mk. xiv. 1-8: A woman anointeth him. 

Mt. xxvi. 14-16: Judas undertakes to point out Jesus. 

17-20; L. xxii. 24-27; J. xiii, 2, 4-17, 21-26, 31, 34, 35; Mt. xxvi. 
31, 33; L. xxii. 33, 34; Mt. xxvi. 35-45; Precepts to his disciples, 
washes their feet, trouble of mind and prayer. 

J. xviii. 1-3; Mt. xxvi. 48-50: Judas conducts the officers to Jesus. 

J. xviii. 4-8; Mt. xxvi. 50-52; 55, 56; Mk. xiv. 51, 52; Mt. xxvi. 57; J. 
xviii. 15, 16, 17, 18; J. xviii. 25, 26, 27; Mt. xxvi. 75; J. xviii. 19-23; 
Mk. xiv. 55-61; L. xxii. 67, 68, 70; Mk. xiv. 63-65: He is arrested 
and carried before Caiaphas, the high-priest, and is condemned. 

J. xviii. 28-31, 33-38; L. xxiii. 5; Mt. xxvii. 13: Is then carried to Pilate. 

L. xxiii. 6-12: Who sends him to Herod. 

L. xxiii. 13-16; Mt. xxvii. 15-23, 26: Receives him back, scourges and de- 
livers him to execution. 

Mt. xxvii. 27, 29-31, 3-8; L. xxiii. 26-32; J. xix. 17-24; Mt. xxvii. 39-43; 
L. xxiii. 39-41, 34; J. xix. 25-27; Mt. xxvii. 46-50, 55, 56: His cruci- 
fixion, death and burial. 

J. xix. 31-34, 38-42; Mt. xxvii. 60: His burial. 



Facsimile Page From Jefferson's Bible. 

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Facsimile Page From Jefferson's Bible. 






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Say uotliing of my religlou. It is known to my God and 
myself alone. Its evidence before the \Yoild is to be sougiit 
in my life; if that lias been honest and dutiful to society, the 
religion which has regulated it cannot be a bad one. 

— Thomas Jefferson. 



RELIGIOUS VIEWS 

OF 

THOMAS JEFFERSON. 



In a letter to his claugliter, written in 1803, Mr. Jefferson 
said: "A promise made to a friend some years ago, but exe- 
cuted only lately, has placed my religious creed on paper, I 
have thought it just that my family, by possessing this, should 
be enabled to estimate the , libels published against me on 
this, as on every other possible subject." The "religious 
creed" to which he referred was a comparison of the doctrines 
of Jesus with those of others, prepared in fulfillment of a 
promise made to Dr. Benjamin Rush. This paper, with the 
letter to Dr. Rush which accompanied it. is a fit introduction 
to the "Jefferson Bible." 

Washington, April 21, 1803. 

Dear Sir: In some of the delightful conversations with you, 
in the evenings of 1798-99, and which served as an anodyne 

to the afflictions of the crisis through which our country was 



12 JEFFERSON^S ESTIMATE OF THE 

then laboring, the Christian religion was sometimes our topic: 
and I then promised you that one day or other, I would give 
you my views of it. They are the result of a life of inquiry 
and reflection, and very different from that Anti-Christian 
system imputed to me by those who know nothing of my opin- 
ions. To the corruptions of Christianity I am indeed opposed; 
but not to the genuine precepts of Jesus himself. I am a 
Christian in the only sense in which he wished any one to 
be; sincerely attached to his doctrines, in preference to all 
others; ascribing to himself every human excellence, and be- 
lieving he never claimed any other. 

At the short intervals since these conversations, when I 
could justifiably abstract my mind from public affairs, this 
subject has been under my contemplation; but the more I con- 
sidered it, the more it expanded beyond the measure of either 
my time or information. In the moment of my late departure 
from Monticello, I received from Dr. Priestly his little treatise 
of "Socrates and Jesus Compared." This being a section of 
the general view I had taken of the field, it became a subject 
of reflection while on the road, and unoccupied otherwise. The 
result was to arrange in my mind a syllabus, or outline, of 
such an estimate of the comparative merits of Christianity, as 
I wished to see executed by some one of more leisure and in- 
formation for the task than myself. This I now send you, as 
the only discharge of my promise I can probably ever execute. 
And in confiding it to you, I know it will not be exposed to the 



DOCTRINES OF JESUS. 1 



o 
o 



malignant perversions of those who make every word from me 
a text for new misrepresentations and calumnies. 

I am moreover averse to the communication of my religious 
tenets to the public; because it would countenance the pre- 
sumption of those who have endeavored to draw them before 
that tribunal, and to seduce public opinion to erect itself into 
that inquisition over the rights of conscience which the laws 
have so justly proscribed. It behooves every man who values 
liberty of conscience for himself to resist invasions of it in the 
case of others, or their case may, by change of circumstances, 
become his own. It behooves him, too, in his own case, to 
give no example of concession, betraying the right of inde- 
pendent opinion by answering questions of faith, which the 
laws have left between God and himself. 

Accept my affectionate salutations. 

« « ^ * H: « 

SYLLABUS OF AN ESTIMATE OF THE DOCTRINES OF 
JESUS, COMPARED WITH THOSE OF OTHERS. 

In a comparative view of the ethics of the enlightened na- 
tions of antiquity, of the Jews, and of Jesus, no notice should 
be taken of the corruptions of reason among the ancients, to 
wit, the idolatry and superstition of the vulgar, nor of the 
corruptions of Christianity by the learned among its professors. 
Let a just view be taken of the moral principles inculcated by 
the most esteemed of the sects of ancient philosophy, or of 



■/. 



14 JEFFERSON'S ESTIMATE OF THE 

their iiidividuals; particularly Pythagoras, Socrates, Epicurus, 
Cicero, Epictetus, Seneca, Antoninus. 

I. PHILOSOPHERS. 

1. Their precepts related chiefly to ourselves, and the gov- 
ernment of those passions which, unrestrained, would disturb 
our tranquility of mind. In this branch of philosophy they 
were really great. 

2. In developing our duties to others, they were short and 
defective. They embraced indeed the circles of kindred and 
friends, and inculcated patriotism, or the love of country in 
the aggregate, as a primary obligation: towards our neigh- 
bors and countrymen they taught justice, but scarcely viewed 
them as within the circle of benevolence. Still less have they 
inculcated peace, charity, and love to our fellow-men, or em- 
braced with benevolence the whole family of mankind. 

II. JEWS. 

1. Their system was Deism, that is, the belief in one only 
God; but their ideas of him and of his attributes were degrad- 
ing and injurious. 

2. Their ethics were not only imperfect, but often irrecon- 
cilable with the sound dictates of reason and moralitj^ as they 
respect intercourse with these around us; and repulsive and 
anti-social as respecting other nations. They needed reforma- 
tion, therefore, in an eminent degree. 



DOCTRINES OF JESUS. 15 

III. JESUS, 
lu this state of tbiugs among the Jews, Jesus appeared. Ilis 
parentage Avas obscure; bis condition poor; bis education null; 
bis natural endowments great; bis bfe correct and innocent. 
He was meek, benevolent, patient, firm, disinterested, and of 
tbe sublimest eloquence. The disadvantages under which bis 
doctrines appear are remarkable. 

1. Like Socrates and Epictetus, be wrote nothing himself. 

2. But be bad not, like them, a Xenopbon or an Arrian to 
write for him. I name not Plato, who only used the name of 
Socrates to cover the whimsies of bis own brain. 

On the contrary, all the learned of bis country, entrenched 
in its power and riches, were opposed to him, lest bis labors 
should undermine their advantages; and the committing to 
writing of his life and doctrines fell on unlettered and ignor- 
ant men; who wrote, too, from memory, and not till long after 
the transactions bad passed. 

3. According to the ordinary fate of those who attempt to 
enlighten and reform mankind, he fell an early victim to the 
jealousy and combination of the altar and the throne, at about 
33 years of age, his reason having not yet attained tbe maxi- 
mum of its energy, nor the course of bis preaching, which was 
but of three years at most, presented occasions for developing 
a complete system of morals. 

4. Hence tbe doctrines which he really delivered were de- 
fective, as a whole, and fragments only of what be did de- 



/ 



16 Jefferson's estimate of the 

liver have come to us mutilated, misstated, and often unin- 
intelligible. 

5. They have been still more disfigured by the corruptions 
of schismatizing followers, who have found an interest in so- 
phisticating and perverting the simple doctrines he taught, by 
engrafting on them the mysticisms of a Grecian Sophist 
(Plato), frittering them into subtilties and obscuring theaa 
with jargon, until they have caused good men to reject the 
whole in disgust, and to view Jesus himself as an impostor. 
Notwithstanding these disadvantages, a system of morals is 
presented to us w^hich, if filled up in the true style and spirit 
of the rich fragments he left us, would be the most perfect 
and sublime that has ever been taught by man. The ques- 
tion of his being a member of the Godhead, or in direct com- 
munication with it, claimed for him by some of his followers, 
and denied by others, is foreign to the present view, which 
is merely an estimate of the intrinsic merits of his doctrines. 

1. He corrected the Deism of the Jews, confirming them in 
their belief of one only god, and giving them juster notions of 
his attributes and government. 

2. His moral doctrines, relating to kindred and friends, were 
more pure and perfect than those of the most correct of the 
philosophers, and greatly more so than those of the Jews; and 
they went far beyond both in inculcating universal philanthro- 
phy, not only to kindred and friends, to neighbors and country- 



DOCTRINES OF JESUS. 17 

men, but to all mankind, gathering all into one family, under 
the bonds of love, charity, peace, common wants and common 
aids. A development of this head will evince the peculiar 
superiority of the system of Jesus over all others. 

3. The precepts of philosophy and of the Hebrew code 
laid hold of action only. He pushed his scrutinies into the 
heart of man; erected his tribunal in the region of his thought, 
and purified the waters at the fountain head. 

4. He taught emphatically the doctrine of a future state, 
which was either doubted or disbelieved by the Jews; and 
wielded it with efficacy as an important incentive, supplement- 
ary to the other motives to moral conduct. 



I, too, have made a wee-little book from the same 
materials (The Gospels) which I call the Philosophy of 
Jesus. It is a paradigma of his doctrines, made by cutting 
the texts out of the booli and arranging them on the pages 
of a blank book, in a certain order of time or subject. A more 
beautiful or precious morsel of ethics I have never seen. It 
is a document in proof that I am a REAL CHRISTIAN, that 
is to say, a disciple of the doctrines of Jesus, very different 
from the Platonists, who call ME infidel and THEMSELVES 
Christians and preachers of the Gospel, while they draw all 
their characteristic dogmas from what its author never said 
nor saw. They have compounded from the heathen mys- 
teries a system beyond the comprehension of man, of which 
the great reformer of the vicious ethics and deism of the 
Jews, were he to return on earth, would not recognize one 
feature. — Jefferson to Mr. Charles Thompson. 



THE LIFE AND MORALS 



OF 



JESUS OF NAZARETH. 



I. 

Joseph and Mary go to Bethlehem, Where Jesus is Born. 

\ ND it came to pass in those days, that there 
went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that 
all the Yv'orld should be taxed. 

2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyre- 
nius was governor of Syria.) 

3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his 
own city. 

4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of 
the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of 



20 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

David, Tvhicli m called Bethlehem, (because he was 
of the house and lineage of David,) 

5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, 
being great with child. 

6 And so it was, that, while they were there, 
the days were accomplished that she should be de- 
livered. 

7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and 
wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him 
in a manger; because there was no room for them 
in the inn. 

II. 

He is Circumcised and Named and they Return to Nazareth. 

\ ND when eight days were accomplished for the 
circumcising of the child, his name was called 
JESUS. 

2 And when they had performed all things ac- 
cording to the law of the Lord, they returned into 
Galilee, to their own city Nazareth. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 21 



III. 



At Tzvelvc Years of Age He Accompanies his Parents to Jeru- 
salem and Returns. 

\ ND the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, 
filled with w^isdom: and the grace of God 
was upon him. 

2 And when he was twelve years old, they 
went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the 
feast. 

3 And when they had fulfilled the days, as 
they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in 
Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not 
of it. 

4 But they, supposing him to have been in the 
company, went a day's journey; and they sought 
him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. 

5 And w^hen they found him not, they turned 
back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. 

6 And it came to pass, that after three days 
they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst 
of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them 
questions. 



22 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

7 And all that heard him were astonished at 
his understanding and answers. 

8 And when they saw him, they were amazed: 
and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou 
thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I. have 
sought thee sorrowing. 

9 And he went down with them, and came to 
Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his 
mother kept all these sayings in her heart. 

10 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, 
and in favour with God and man. 



IV. 



Jolin Bapthcs in Jordan. 

'^TOW in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tibe 
rius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of 
Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and 
his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the 
region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch 
of Abilene, 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 23 

2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, 
the word of God came unto John the son of Zach- 
arias in the wilderness. 

3 John did baptize in the wilderness, and 
preach the baptism of repentance for the remission 
of sins. 

4 And the same John had his raiment of 
camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his loins; 
and his meat was locusts and wild honey. 

5 ^ Then went out to him Jerusalem, and all 
Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan; 

6 And were baptized of him in Jordan, con- 
fessing their sins. 



Jesus is Baptised at so Years of Age. 

'~pIIEN Cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan 
unto John, to be baptized of him. 
2 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty 
years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of 
Joseph, which was tliG son of Heli. 



24 THE LIFE AND MORALS 



VI. 



Drives the Traders Out of the Temple. 

A FTEK this he went down to Capernaum, lie, and 
his mother, and his brethren, and his disci- 
ples: and they continued there not many days. 

2 Tl -^^^ the Jews' passover was at hand, and 
Jesus went up to Jerusalem; 

3 And found in the temple those hat sold oxen 
and sheep and doves, and the changers of money 
sitting: 

4 And when he had made a scourge of small 
cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the 
sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers' 
money, and overthrew the tables; 

5 And said unto them that sold doves. Take 
these things hence; make not my Father's house an 
house of merchandise. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 25 

VII. 

He Baptizes, hut Retires into Galilee on the Death of John. 

A FTER these things came Jesus and his disciples 
into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried 
Avith them, and baptized. 

2 Tf Now when Jesus had heard that John was 
cast into prison, he departed into Galilee; 

3 For Herod himself had sent forth and laid 
hold upon John, and bound him in prison for He- 
rodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: for he had 
married her. 

4 For John had said unto Herod, It is not law- 
ful for thee to have thy brother's wife. 

5 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against 
him, and would have killed him; but she could not: 

6 For Herod feared John, knowing that he was 
a just man and an holy, and observed him; and 
when he heard him, he did many things, and heard 
him gladly. 

7 And when a convenient day was come, that 
Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, 
high captains, and chief estates of Galilee; 



26 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

8 And when the daughter of the said Herodias 
came in, and danced, and pleased Herod and them 
that sat with him, the king said unto the dam- 
eel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, and T will 
give it thee. 

9 And he sware unto her. Whatsoever thou 
ehalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto the half of 
my kingdom. 

10 And she went forth, and said unto her 
mother. What shall I ask? And she said, The 
head of John the Baptist. 

11 And she came in straightw^ay with haste 
unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that thou 
give me by and by in a charger the head of John 
the Baptist. 

12 And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for 
his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat with 
him, he would not reject her. 

13 And immediately the king sent an execu- 
tioner, and commanded his head to be brought: 
and he went and beheaded him in the prison, 

14 And brought his head in a charger, and gave 
it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her 
mother. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 27 

VIII. 

He Teaches in the Synagogue. 

\ ND they went into Capernaum; and straight- 
way on the sabbath day he entered into the 
synagogue, and taught. v 

2 And they were astonished at his doctrine: 
for he taught them as one that had authority, and 
not as the scribes. 

IX. 

Explains the Sabbath. 

/i T that time Jesus went on the sabbath day 
through the corn; and his disciples were an 
hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and 
to eat. 

2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said 
unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is 
not lawful to do upon the sabbath day. 

3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read 
what David did, when he was an hungred, and 
they that were with him; 



28 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

4 How he entered into the house of God, and 
did eat the shew-bread, which was not lawful for 
him to eat, neither for them which were with him, 
but only for the priests? 

5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on 
the sabbath days the priests in the temple i)rofane 
the sabbath, and are blameless? 

6 |[ And when he was departed thence, he 
went into their synagogue: 

7 And, behold, there was a man w^hich had his 
hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is 
it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they 
might accuse him. 

8 And he said unto them, What man shall 
there be among you, that shall have one sheep, 
and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will 
he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? 

9 How much then is a man better than a 
sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the 
sabbath days. 

10 And he said unto them. The sabbath was 
made for man, and not man for the sabbath. 

11 ]\ Then the Pharisees went out, and held a 
council against him, how they might destroy him. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 29 

12 But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew^ him- 
self from thence: and great multitudes followed 
him, and he healed them all. 

X. 

Call of His Disciples. 

j\ ND it came to pass in those days, that he went 
out into a mountain to pray, and continued 
all night in prayer to God. 

2 And when it was day, he called unto Mm his 
disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also 
he named apostles; 

3 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and 
Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and 
Bartholomew, 

4 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of 
Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, 

5 And Judas the hrothcr of James, and Judas 
Iscariot, which also was the traitor. 

6 And he came down with them, and stood in 
the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a 
great multitude of people out of all Judaea and 



30 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and 
Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of 
their diseases. 



XI. 

The Sermon on the Mount. 

A ^D seeing the multitudes, he went up into a 
mountain : and when he was set, his disciples 
came unto him : 

2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, 
saying, 

3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is 

the kingdom of heaven. 

4 Blessed are they that mourn : for they shall be 
comforted. 

5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit 
the earth. 

6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst 
after righteousness : for they shall be filled. 

7 Blessed are the merciful : for they shall obtain 
mercy. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 31 

8 Blessed arc the pure in heart : for they sh<all 
see God. 

9 Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall 
be called the children of God. 

10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for 
righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of 
heaven. 

11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, 
and persecute you, and shall say all manner of 
evil against you falsely, for my sake. 

12 Eejoice, and be exceeding glad : for great is 
your reward in heaven : for so persecuted they the 
prophets which were before you. 

13 But woe unto you that are rich ! for ye have 
received your consolation. 

14 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall 
hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now ! for ye shall 
mourn and weep. 

15 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak 
well of you! for so did their fathers to the false 
prophets. 

IG Tl Ye are the salt of the earth : but if the salt 
have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? 



32 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast 
out, and to be trodden under foot of men. 

IT Ye are the light of the world. A city that is 
set on an hill cannot be hid. 

18 Neither do men light a candle, and put it 
under a bushel, but on a candlestick ; and it givetli 
light unto all that are in the house. 

19 Let your light so shine before men, that they 
may see your good works, and glorify your Father 
which is in heaven. 

20 y[ Think not that I am come to destroy the 
law, or the prophets : I am not come to destroy, but 
to fulfil. 

21 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and 
earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise 
pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 

22 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these 
least commandments, and shall teach men so, he 
shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven : 
but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same 
shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 

23 For I say unto you. That except your right- 
eousness shall exceed the righteousness of the 



OF JESUS OP NAZARETH. 33 

scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter 
into the kingdom of heaven. 

24 ]\ Ye have heard that it was said by them of 
old time, Thou shalt not kill ; and whosoever shall 
kill shall be in danger of the judgment: 

25 But I say unto you. That whosoever is angry 
with his brother without a cause shall be in danger 
of the judgment: and Avhosoever shall say to his 
brother, Kaca, shall be in danger of the council : but 
Avhosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger 
of hell fire. 

26 Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, 
and there rememberest that th}^ brother hath ought 
against thee; 

27 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go 
thy way ; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then 
come and offer thy gift. 

28 Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles 
thou art in the way with him ; lest at any time the 
adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge 
deliver thee to the ofiicer, and thou be cast into 
prison. 

3 



34 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

29 Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no 
means come out thence, till thou hast paid the 
uttermost farthing. 

30 U Ye have heard that it was said by them 
of old time. Thou shalt not commit adultery : 

31 But I say unto 3^ou, That whosoever looketh 
on a woman to lust after her hath committed adul- 
tery with her already in his heart. 

32 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it 
out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for 
thee that one of th}^ members should perish, and not 
that thy Avhole body should be cast into hell. 

33 And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, 
and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee 
that one of thy members should i)erish, and not tliat 
thy Avhole body should be cast into hell. 

34 11 It hath been said, V^liosoever shall put 
awa}^ his Avife, let him give her a Avriting of divorce- 
ment : 

35 But I say unto you. That Avhosoever shall 
put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornica- 
tion, causeth her to commit adulterv: and whoso- 
ever shall marry her that is divorced committeth 
adultery. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 35 

36 ]\ Again, ye have heard that it hath been 
said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear 
thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine 
oaths : 

37 But I say unto ,you, Swear not at all ; neither 
by heaven; for it is God's throne: 

38 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: 
neither by Jerusalem ; for it is the city of the great 
King. 

39 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, be- 
cause thou canst not make one hair white or black. 

40 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; 
Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these 
Cometh of evil. 

41 If Ye have heard that it hath been said. An 
eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth : 

42 But I say unto you. That ye resist not evil : 
but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, 
turn to him the other also. 

43 And if any man will sue thee at the law, and 
take away thy coat, let him have thij cloak also. 

44 And whosoever shall comj)el thee to go a 
mile, go with him twain. 



36 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

45 GiA^e to him that asketh tliee, and from him 
that would borrow of thee turn not thou away. 

46 T[ Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou 
Shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. 

47 But I say unto you. Love your enemies, bless 
them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, 
and pray for them which despitefully use you, and 
persecute you ; 

48 That ye may be the children of your Father 
which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise 
on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the 
just and on the unjust. 

49 For if ye love them which love you, what re- 
ward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? 

50 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do 
ye more than others? do not even the publicans so? 

51 And if ye lend to tliem of whom ye hope to 
receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend 
to sinners, to receive as much again. 

52 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and 
lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward 
shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the 
Highest : for he is kind unto the unthankful and to 
the evil. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 37 

53 Be ye therefore merciful, as vour Father also 
is merciful. 

54 Take heed that ye do not your alms before 
men, to be seen of them : otlierwise ye have no re- 
ward of your Father which is in heaven. 

55 Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not 
sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in 
the synagogues and in the streets, that they may 
have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They 
have their reward. 

56 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left 
hand know what thy right hand doeth : 

57 That thine alms may be in secret: and 
thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall re- 
ward thee openly. 

58 11 And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be 
as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray stand- 
ing in the synagogues and in the corners of the 
streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I 
say unto you. They have their reward. 

59 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy 
closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to 
thy Father which is in secret ; and thy Father which 
seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. 



38 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

60 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, 
as the heathen do : for they think tliat they shall be 
heard for their much speaking. 

61 Be not ve therefore like unto them : for your 
Father knoAveth what things ye have need of, before 
ye ask him. 

62 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our 
Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 

63 Thv kingdom come. Thv will be done in 
earth, as it is in heaven. 

64 Give us this dav our dailv bread. 

65 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our 
debtors. 

66 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver 
us from evil : For thine is the kingdom, and the 
power, and the glory, for ever. Amen. 

67 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your 
heavenly Father will also forgive you : 

68 But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, 
neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. 

69 Tl Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypo- 
crites, of a sad countenance : for they disfigure their 
faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. 
Verily I say unto you. They have their reward. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 39 

TO But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine 
head, and wash thy face; 

71 That thou appear not unto men to fast, but 
unto thy Father which is in secret : and thy Father, 
which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly. 

72 ^ Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon 
earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where 
thieves break through and steal: 

73 But lay up for yourselves treasurer in 
heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, 
and where thieves do not break through nor steal. 

74 For where your treasure is, there will your 
heart be also. 

75 The light of the body is the eye : if therefore 
thine e^^e be single, thy whole body shall be full of 
light. 

7C) But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall 
be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is 
in thee be darkness, how great /s that darkness ! 

77 No man can serve two masters: for either 
he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he 
will hold to the one, and despise tlie other. Ye 
cannot serve God and mammon. 



40 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

78 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought 
for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall 
drink ; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. 
Is not the life more than meat, and the body than 
raiment? 

79 Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, 
neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet 
your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not 
much better than they? 

80 Which of you by taking thought can add one 
cubit unto his stature? 

81 And why take ye thought for raiment? Con- 
sider the lilies of the field, how they grow ; they toil 
not, neither do they spin: 

82 And yet I sa^^ unto you, That even Solomon 
in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. 

83 Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the 
field, which today is, and tomorrow is cast into 
the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye 
of little faith? 

84 Therefore take no thought, saying, What 
shall we eat? or. What shall we drink? or, Where- 
withal shall we be clothed? 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 41 

85 (For after all these things do the Gentiles 
seek : ) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye 
have need of all these things. 

86 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and 
his righteousness; and all these things shall be 
added unto you. 

87 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: 
for the morrow shall take thought for the things 
of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. 

88 Judge not, that ye be not judged. 

89 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall 
be judged : and with what measure ye mete, it shall 
be measured to you again. 

90 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good 
measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and 
running over, shall men give into your bosom. For 
with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall 
be measured to you again. 

91 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in 
thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that 
is in thine own eye? 

92 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother. Let me 
pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, beliold, a 
beam is in thine own eye? 



42 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

93 Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of 
thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to 
cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye. 

94 ]\ Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, 
neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they 
trample them under their feet, and turn again and 
rend you. 

95 Tl Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and 
ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto 
you: 

96 For every one that asketh receiveth; and he 
that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it 
shall be opened. 

97 Or what man its there of you, whom if his 
son ask bread, wall he give him a stone? 

98 Or if he ask a fish, W'ill he give him a ser- 
pent? 

99 If ye then, being evil, knoAV how to give good 
gifts unto your children, how^ much more shall your 
Father which is in heaven give good tilings to them 
that ask him? 

100 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would 
that men should do to vou, do ve even so to them : 
for this is the law and the prophets. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 43 

101 Tl Enter ye in at the strait gate ; for wide is 
the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to de- 
struction, and many there be which go in thereat: 

102 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is 
the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be 
that find it. 

103 If Beware of faLse prophets, Avhich come to 
3^ou in sheep's clothing, but inwardly the^^ are raven- 
ing wolves. 

104 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do 
men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 

105 Even so every good tree bringeth forth 
good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil 
fruit. 

106 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, 
neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 

107 Every tree that bringeth not forth good 
fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 

108 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know 
them. 

109 A good man out of the good treasure of the 
heart bringeth forth good things : and an evil man 
out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil tilings. 



44 THE LIFE AND INIORALS 

110 But I say unto you, That every idle word 
that men shall speak, they shall give account there- 
of in the day of judgment. 

111 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, 
and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. 

112 |[ Therefore whosoever heareth these say- 
ings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto 
a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: 

113 And the rain descended, and the floods 
came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that 
house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a 
rock. 

114 And every one that heareth ihese sayings 
of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto 
a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand : 

115 And the rain descended, and the floods 
came, and the winds blew and beat upon that 
house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it. 

116 ^ And it came to pass, when Jesus had 
ended these sayings, the people were astonished at 
his doctrine : 

117 For he taughtthem as one having authority, 
and not as the scribes. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 45 

XII. 

Exhorts. 

^ITT'HEN he was come down from the mountaiu^ 
great multitudes followed him. 

2 And he marvelled because of their unbelief. 
And he went round about the villages, teaching. 

3 ^ Come unto me, all ye that labour and are 
heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 

4 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for 
I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find 
rest unto your souls. 

5 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. 

XIII. 

A Woman Annointeth Him. 

\ XD one of the Pharisees desired him that he 
would eat with him. And he went into the 
Pharivsee's house, and sat down to meat. 

2 And, behold, a woman in the city, which was 
a sinner, v/hen she knew that Jesus sat at meat in 



46 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

the Pharisee's house, brought an alabaster box of 
ointment, 

3 And stood at his feet behind him weeping, 
and began to wash his feet with tears, and did 
wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed 
his feet, and anointed them with the ointment. 

4 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden 
him saw it, he spake within himself, saying. This 
man, if he were a proi)het, would have known who 
and wliat manner of woman this is that touchei:h 
him: for she is a sinner. 

5 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, 
I have somewhat to saj- unto thee. And he saith. 
Master, say on. 

6 There was a certain creditor which had two 
debtors: the one owed five hundred pence,- and the 
other fifty. 

7 And when they had nothing to pay, he 
frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, 
which of them will love him most? 

8 Simon answerd and said, I suppose that lie 
to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him. 
Thou hast rightly judged. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 47 

9 And he turned to the woman, and said unto 
Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into 
thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: 
but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped 
them with the liairs of her head. 

10 Thou gavest me no kiss : but this woman 
since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss 
my feet. 

11 My head witli oil thou didst not anoint: but 
this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment. 

12 Wherefore I isay unto thee, Her sins, which 
are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but 
to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little. 

13 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven. 

14 And they that sat at meat with him began 
to say within themselves. Who is this that for- 
giveth sins also? 

15 And he said to the woman. Thy faith hath 
saved thee; go in peace. 



48 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

XIV 

Precepts. 

'"pHEKE came then his brethren and his mother, 
and, standing without, sent unto him, call- 
ing him. 

2 And the multitude sat about him, and they 
said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy breth- 
ren without seek for thee. 

3 And he answered them, saying, Who is my 
mother, or my brethren? 

4 And he looked round about on them which 
sat about him, and said. Behold my mother and 
my brethren! 

5 For w^hosoever shall do the will of God, the 
same is my brother, and my sister, and mother. 

6 In the mean time, when there were gathered 
together an innumerable multitude of people^ in- 
somuch that they trode one upon another, he 
began to saj^ unto his disciples first of all, Beware 
ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypoc- 
risy. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 49 

7 For there is nothing covered, that shall not 
be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known. 

8 Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken in 
darkness shall be heard in the light; and that 
which ye have spoken in the ear in closets shall 
be proclaimed upon the housetops. 

9 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid 
of them that kill the body, and after that have no 
more that they can do. 

10 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: 
Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power 
to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you. Fear him. 

11 Are not five sparrows sold for two farthings, 
and not one of them is forgotten before God? 

12 But even the very hairs of your head are 
all numbered. Fear not therefore; ye are of more 
value than many sparrows. 

13 11 And one of the company said unto him. 
Master, speak to my brother, that he divide the 
inheritance with me. 

14 And he said unto him, Man, who made me 
a judge or a divider over you? 

15 And he said unto them, Take heed, and be- 
ware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth 

4 



50 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

not in the abundance of the things which he pos- 
sesseth. 



XV. 

Parable of the Rich Man. 



A 



ND he spake a parable unto them, saying, The 
ground of a certain rich man brought forth 
plentifully: 

2 And he thought within himself, saying, 
What shall I do, because I have no room where to 
bestow my fruits? 

3 And he said, This will I do: I will pull down 
my barns, and build greater; and there will I 

bestow all my fruits and my goods. 

4 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast 

much goods laid up for many years; take thine 
ease, eat, drink, and be merry. 

5 But God said unto him. Thou fool, this night 
thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose 
shall those things be, which thou hast provided? 

6 So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, 
and is not rich toward God. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 51 

XVI. 

Precepts. 

\ ND he said unto bis disciples, Therefore I say 
unto you, Take no thought for your life, what 
ye shall eat; neither for the body, what ye shall 
put on. 

2 The life is more than meat, and the body is ^ 
more than raiment. 

3 Consider the ravens: for they neither sow nor 
reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and 
God feedeth them: how much more are ye better 
than the fowls? 

4 And which of you with taking thought can 
add to his stature one cubit? 

5 If ye then be not able to do that thing which 
is least, why take ye thought for the rest? 

G Consider the lilies how they grow; they toil 
not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that 
Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one 
of these. 

7 If then God so clothe the grass, which is to- 
day in the field, and tomorrow is cast into the 



52 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

oven; how much more nUl he clollie 3^011^ ye of 
little faith? 

8 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what 
ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind. 

9 For all these things do the nations of the 
world seek after: and your Father knoweth that ye 
have need of these things. 

10 But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and 
all these things shall be added unto 3^ou. 

11 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's 
good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 

12 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide 
yourselves bags w^hich w^ax not old, a treasure in 
the heavens that faileth not, where no thief ap- 
proacheth, neither moth corrupteth. 

13 For where your treasure is, there will your 
heart be also. 

14 Let your loins be girded about, and your 
lights burning; 

15 And ye yourselves like unto men that wait 
for their lord, when he will return from the wed- 
ding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they 
may open unto him immediately. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 53 

16 Blessed arc those servants^ whom the lord 
when he cometh shall -find watching; verily I say 
unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make 
them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and 
serve them. 

17 And if he shall come in the second watch, or 
come in the third watch, and find tJiGm so, blessed 
are those servants. 

18 And this know, that if the goodman of the 
house had known what hour the thief would come, 
he would have watched, and not have suffered his 
house to be broken through. 

19' Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of 
man cometh at an hour when ye think not. 

20' ^ Then Peter said unto him. Lord, speakest 
thou this parable unto us, or even to all? 

21 And the Lord said, Who then is that faith- 
ful and wise steward, whom Ids lord shall make 
ruler over his household, to give tJiem their portion 
of meat in due season? 

22 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when 
he cometh shall find so doing. 

23 Of a truth, I say unto you, that he will 
make him ruler over all that he hath. 



54 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

24 But and if that servant say in his heart, My 
lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat 
the menservants and maidens, and to eat and 
drink, and to be drunken; 

25 The lord of that servant will come in a day 
when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when 
he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and 
will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers. 

2G And that servant, which knew his lord's 
will, and prepared not himself, neither did accord- 
ing to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes. 

27 But he that knew not, and did commit 
things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few 
stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of 
him shall be much required: and to whom men 
have committed much, of him they will ask the 
more. 

28 Tf And he said also to the people. When ye 
see a cloud rise out of the west, straightway ye 
say. There cometh a shower; and so it is. 

29 And when ye see the south wind blow, ye 
say, There will be heat; and it cometh to pass. 

30 Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the 
sky and of the earth; but how is it that ye do not 
discern this time? 



OF JESUS OP NAZARETH. 55 

31 Yea, and why even of yourselves judge ye 
not wliat is right? 

32 Tj When thou goest with thine adversary to 
the magistrate, as thou art in the way, give dili- 
gence that thou mayest be delivered from him; 
lest he hale thee to the judge, and the judge de- 
liver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee 
into prison. 

33 I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, till 
thou hast f)aid the very last mite. 

34 There were present at that season some that 
told him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had 
mingled with their sacrifices. 

35 And Jesus answering said unto them. Sup- 
pose ye that these Galileans were sinners above 
all the Galileans, because they suffered such 
things? 

36 I tell you. Nay: but, except ye repent, ye 
shall all likewise perish. 

37 Or those eighteen, upon whom the tow^er in 
Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they 
were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jeru- 
salem? 

38 I tell you. Nay: but, except ye repent, ye 
shall all likewise perish. 



56 THE LIFE AND MORALS 



XVII. 

Parable of the Fig Tree. 

|1_TE spake also this parable; A certain mmv had 
a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he 
came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. 

2 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, 
Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on 
this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cum- 
bereth it the ground? 

3 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it 
alone this year ulso, till I shall dig about it, and 
dung it: 

4 And if it bear fruit, \oell: and if not, flien 
after that thou shalt cut it down. 

XVIII. 

Precepts. 

A ND as he spake a certain Pharisee besought 
him to dine with him: and he went in, and 
sat doAvn to meat. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 57 

2 And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled 
that he had not first washed before dinner. 

3 And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye 
Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and 
the platter; but your inward part is full of raven- 
ing and wickedness. 

4 Ye fools, did not he that made that which is 
without make that which is within also? 

5 But rather give alms of such things as ye 
have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you. 

6 But w^oe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe 
mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass 
over judgment and the love of God: these ought 
ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. 

7 Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the up- 
permost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in 
the markets. 

8 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and 
the men that walk over them are not aware of 
them. 

9 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said 
unto him. Master, thus saying thou reproachest us 
also. 



58 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

10 And he said, Woe unto you also, ye lawyers ! 
for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, 
and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one 
of your lingers. 

11 Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken 
away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in your- 
selves, and them that were entering in ye hindered. 

12 And as he said these things unto them, the 
scribes and the Pharisees began to urge lilm 
vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many 
things: 

13 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch 
something out of his mouth, that they might ac- 
cuse him. 

XIX. 

Parable of the Soivcr. 

'TH HE same day went Jesus out of the house, and 
sat by the sea side. 
2 And great multitudes were gathered together 
unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and 
the whole multitude stood on the shore. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 59 

3 And he spoke many things unto them in para- 
bles, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow ; 

4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the 
way side, and the fowls came and devoured them 
up: 

5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had 
not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, be- 
cause they had no deepness of earth: 

6 And when the sun was up, they were 
scorched; and because they had no root, they with- 
ered away. 

7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns 
sprung up, and choked them : 

8 But other fell into good ground, and brought 
forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, 
some thirtyfold. 

9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. 

10 T[ And when he was alone, they that were 
about him with the twelve asked of him the par 
able. 

11 ^ Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower. 

12 When any one heareth the word of the king- 
dom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the 



60 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

wicked one, and catcheth away that which was 
sown in his heart. This is he which received seed 
' by the way side. 

13 But he that received the seed into stony 
places^ the same is he that heareth the word, and 
anon with joy receiveth it; 

14 Yet hath he not root in himself, but duretli 
for a while; for when tribulation or persecution 
ariseth because of the word, b}' and by he is of- 
fended. 

15 He also that received seed among the thorns 
is he that heareth the word; and the care of thiiS 
world, and the deceitfulness of riches choke the 
word, and he becometh unfruitful. 

16 But he that received seed into the good 
ground is he that heareth the w^ord, and under- 
standeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth 
forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some 
thirty. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 61 



XX. 

Precepts. 

A ND he said unto tliem, Is a candle brought to 
be put under a bushel, or under a bed? and 
not to be set on a candlestick? 

1 For there is nothing hid, which shall not be 
manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but 
that it should come abroad. 

2 If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. 



XXI. 

Parable of the Tares. 

A NOTHER parable put he forth unto them, say- 
ing. The kingdom of heaven is likened unto 
a man which sowed good seed in his field. 

2 But while men slept, his enemy came and 
sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. 

3 But when the blade was sprung up, and 
brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also. 



62 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

4 So the servants of the householder came and 
said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed 
in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? 

5 He said unto them. An enemy hath done this. 
The servants said unto him. Wilt thou then that 
we go and gather them up? 

6 But he said. Nay ; lest while ye gather up the 
tares, ye root up also the wheat with them. 

7 Let both grow together until the harvevst: and 
in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers. 
Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in 
bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into 
my barn. 

8 Tl Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and 
went into the house: and his disciples came unto 
him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the 
tares of the field. 

9 He answered and said unto them. He that 
soweth the good seed is the Son of man; 

10 The field is the world; tlie good seed are the 
children of the kingdom; but the tares are the chil- 
dren of the wicked one; 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 63 

11 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the 
harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are 
the angels. 

12 As therefore the tares are gathered and 
burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of thi*5 
world. 

13 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, 
and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things 
that offend, and them which do iniquity. 

14 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: 
there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 

15 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the 
sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath 
earn to hear, let him hear. 

16 Tl Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto 
treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath 
found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and sell- 
eth all that he hath, and buyeth that field. 

17 If Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto 
a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls: 

18 Who, when he had found one pearl of great 
price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it. 



64 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

19 T[ Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto 
a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of 
every kind: 

20 Which, when it was full, thej drew to shore, 
and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, 
but cast the bad aw^ay. 

21 So shall it be at the end of the world: the 
angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from 
among the just, 

22 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: 
there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 

23 Jesus saitli unto them. Have ye understood 
all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord. 

24 Then said he unto them, Therefore everv 
scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of 
heaven is like unto a man thut is an householder, 
which bringeth forth out of his treasure iliimjs new 
and old. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 65 

XXII. 

Precepts. 

\ ND he said, So is the kingdom of God^ as if a 
man should cast seed into the ground; 

2 And should sleep, and rise night and day, 
and the seed should spring and grow up, he know- 
eth not how. 

3 For the earth bringeth forth fruit of herself; 
first the blade, then the ear, after that the full corn 
in the ear. 

4 But when the fruit is brought forth, immedi- 
ately he putteth in the sickle, because the harvest 
is come. 

5 11 And he said, Whereunto shall we liken the 
kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall 
we compare it? 

6 It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when 
it is sown in the earth, is less than all the seeds 
that be in the earth: 

7 But when it is sown, it groweth up, and be- 
cometh greater than all herbs, and shooteth out 
great branches; so that the fowls of the air may 
lodge under the shadow of it. 



66 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

8 And with many such parables spake he the 
word unto them, as they were able to hear it 

9 But without a parable spake he not unto 
them; and when they were alone, he expounded all 
things to his disciples. 

10 TJ And it came to pass, that, as they went in 
the way, a certain man said unto him, Lord, I will 
follow thee whithersoever thou goest. 

11 And Jesus said unto him. Foxes have holes, 
and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man 
hath not where to lay liis head. 

12 And he said unto another. Follow me. But 
he said. Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my 
father. 

13 Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury theit' 
dead: but go thou and preach the kingdom of God. 

14 And another also said. Lord, I will follow 
thee; but let me first go bid them farewell, which 
are at home at my house. 

15 And Jesus said unto him. No man, having 
put his hand to the plough and looking back, is fit 
for the kingdom of God. 

16 Tf And after thevse things he went forth, and 
saw a publican named Levi, sitting at the receipt 
of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 67 

17 And he left all, rose up, and followed him. 

18 And Levi made him a great feast in his own 
house; and it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat at 
meat in his house, many publicans and sinners sat 
also together with Jesus and his disciples: for there 
were many, and they followed him. 

19 And when the scribes and Pharisees saw 
him eat w^ith publicans and sinners, they said unto 
his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh 
with publicans and sinners? 

20 "When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, 
They that are whole have no need of the physician, 
but they that are sick: I came not to call the right- 
eous, but sinners to repentance. 

XXIII. 

Parable of Nezv Wine in Old Bottles. 

A ND he spake also a parable unto them; No man 

putteth a piece of a new garment upon an 

old; if otherwise, then both the new maketh a rent^ 

and the piece that was taken out of the new agi'eeth 

not with the old. 



68 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2 And no man puttetli new wine into old bot- 
tles; else the new wine will burst the bottler, and 
be spilled and the bottles shall perish. 

3 But new wine must be put into new bottles; 
and both are preserved. 

4 No man also having drunk old iciue straight- 
way desireth new: for he saith, The old is better. 

XXIV. 

A Prophet Hath no Honor in Jiis Ozvn Country. 

A ND it came to pass, tliat when Jesus had fin- 
ished these parables, he dejjarted thence. 

2 And when he was come into his own country, 
he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that 
they were astonished and said. Whence hath this 
mmi this wisdom, and these mighty works? 

3 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his 
mother called Mary? and his brethren James, and 
Joses, and Simon, and Judas? 

4 And his sisters, are they not all with us? 
Whence then hath this man all these things? 



OF JESUS OP NAZARETH. G9 

5 And they were offended in him. But Jesus 
said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, 
save in his own country, and in his own house. 



XXV. 

Mission Instructions, Return of Apostles. 

T> UT when he saw the multitudes, he was moved 
with compassion on them, because they 
fainted and were scattered abroad, as sheep having 
no shepherd. 

2 T[ And he called imto him the twelve, and be- 
gan to send them forth by two and two; and gave 
them power over unclean spirits; 

3 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and com- 
manded them, saying. Go not into the way of the 
Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter 
ye not: 

4 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house 
of Israel. 

5 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in 
your purses. 



70 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

6 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, 
neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is 
worthy of his meat. 

7 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall 
enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide 
till ye go thence. 

8 And when you come into an house, salute it. 

9 And if the house be worthy, let your peace 
come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace 
return to you. 

10 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor 
hear your words, when ye depart out of that house 
or city, shake off the dust of your feet. 

11 Verily I say unto you. It shall be more toler- 
able for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the 
day of judgment, than for that city. 

12 T[ Behold, I send you forth {.s sheep in the 
midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, 
and harmless as doves. 

13 But beware of men: for they will deliver you 
up to the councils, and they will scourge you in 
their synagogues; 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 71 

14 And ye shall be brought before governors 
and kings for my sake, for a testimony against 
them and the Gentiles. 

15 But when they persecute you in this city, 
flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye 
shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the 
Son of man be come. 

16 Fear them not therefore : for there is nothing- 
covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that 
shall not be known. 

17 What I tell you in darkness, tJiat speak ye in 
light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye 
upon the housetops. 

18 And fear not them which kill the body, but 
are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him 
which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 

19 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? 
and one of them shall not fall on the ground with- 
out your Father. 

20 But the very hairs of your head are all 
numbered. 

21 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value 
than many sparrows. 



72 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

22 And they went out, and preached that men 
should repent. 

23 Tf And the apostles gathered themselves to- 
gether unto Jesus, and told him all things, both 
what they had done, and what they had taught. 

XXVI. 

Precepts. 

\ FTER these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for 
he would not walk in Jewry, because the 
Jews sought to kill him. 

2 Then came together unto him the Pharisees, 
and certain of the scribes, which came from Jeru- 
salem. 

3 And when they saw some of his disciples eat 
bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, 

hands, they found fault. 

4 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except 

they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tra- 
dition of the elders. 

5 And ichen they come from the market, except 
they wash, they eat not. And many other things 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 73 

there be, which they have received to hold, as the 
washing of cups and pots, brazen vessels, and of 
tables. 

6 Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, 
Why walk not thy disciples according to the tra- 
dition of the elders, but eat bread with unw^ashen 
hands? 

7 ^ And when he had called all the jDCople unto 
Mm, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one 
of poll, and understand: 

8 There is nothing from without a man, that 
entering 'into him can defile him: but the things 
which come out of him, those are Wiej that defile 
the man. 

9 If any man have ears to hear let him hear, 

10 And when he was entered into the house 
from the people, his disciples asked him concern- 
ing the parable. 

11 And he saith unto them. Are ye so without 
understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that 
whatsoever thing from without entereth into the 
man, it cannot defile him; 



74 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

12 Because it entereth not into his heart, but 
into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purg- 
ing all meats? 

13 And he said. That which cometh out of the 
man, that deflleth the man. 

14 For from within, out of the heart of men^ 
proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, mur- 
ders, 

15 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, las- 
civiousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolish- 
ness: 

16 All these evil things come from within, and 
defile the man. 

17 Tl And from thence he arose, and went into 
the borders of T^-re and Sidon, ..nd entered into an 
house, and would have no man know it: but he 
could not be hid. 

18 At the same time came the disciples unto 
Jesus, saying. Who is the greatest in the kingdom 
of heaven? 

19 And Jesus called a little child unto him, and 
set him in the midst of them. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 75 

20 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye 
be converted, and become as little children, ye 
shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. 

21 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as 
this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom 
of heaven. 

22 TI Woe unto the world because of offences! 
for it must needs be that offences come; but woe 
to that man by whom the offence cometh! 

23 Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend 
thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is 
better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, 
rather than having two hands or two feet to be 
cast into everlasting fire. 

24 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, 
and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter 
into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes 
to be cast into hell fire. 

25 How think ye? if a man have an hundred 
sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he not 
leave the ninety and nine, and goeth into the moun- 
tains, and seeketh that which is gone astray? 

26 And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto 
you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the 
ninety and nine which went not astray. 



76 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

27 Even so it is not the will of your Father 
which is in heaven^ that one of these little ones 
should perish. 

28 Moreover if thy brother shall trespass 
against thee, go and tell him his fault between 
thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast 
gained thy brother. 

29' But if he will not hear thee, then take with 
thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or 
three witnesses every word may be established. 

30 And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it 
unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the 
church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man 
and a publican. 

31 ^ Then came Peter to him, and said. Lord, 
how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I for- 
give him? till seven times? 

32 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, 
Until seven times: but. Until seventv times seven. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 77 

XXVII. 

Parable of the Wicked Servant. 

np HEREFORE is the kingdom of heaven likened 
unto a certain king, which would take ac- 
count of his servants. 

2 And when he had begun to reckon, one was 
brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand 
talents. 

3 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord 
commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and child- 
ren, and all that he had, and payment to be made. 

4 The servant therefore fell down, and wor- 
shipped him, saying. Lord, have patience with me, 
and I will pay thee all. 

5 Then the lord'of that servant wavs moved with 
compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the 
debt. 

6 But the same servant went out, and found 
one of his fellow-servants, which owed him an hun- 
dred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took 
Mm by ihe throat, saying. Pay me that thou owest. 



78 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

7 And his fellow-servant fell down at his feet, 
and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, 
and I will pay thee all. 

8 And he would not: but went and east him 
into prison, till he should pay the debt. 

9 So w^hen his fellow-servants saw what was 
done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto 
their lord all that was done. 

10 Then his lord, after that he had called him, 
said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave 
thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me; 

11 Shouldest not thou also have had compas- 
sion on thy fellow-servant, even as I had pity on 
thee? 

12 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him 
to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was 
due unto him. 

13 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do 
also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not 
every one his brother their trespasses. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 79 

XXVIII. 

Mission of the Seventy. 

\ FTEK these things the Lord appointed other 
seventy also, and sent them two and two 
before his face into every city and place, whither 
he himself would come. 

2 Therefore said he unto them, The harvest 
truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye 
therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would 
send forth labourers into his harvest. 

3 Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as 
lambs among wolves. 

4 Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and 
salute no man by the way. 

5 And into whatsoever house ye enter, first say. 
Peace he to this house. 

6 And if the son of peace be there, your peace 
shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again. 

7 And in the same house remain, eating and 
drinking such things as they give: for the labourer 
is worthy of his hire. Go not from house to house. 

8 And into whatsoever city ye enter, and they 
receive you, eat such things as are set before you : 



80 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

9 But into whatsoever city ye enter, and they 
receive you not, go your ways out into the streets 
of the same, and say, 

10 Even the very dust of your city, which 
cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: not- 
withstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom 
of God is come nigh unto you. 

11 But I say unto you, that it shall be more 
tolerable in that day for Sodom, than for that city. 

XXIX. 

The Feast of the Tabernacles. 

^^ OW the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand. 
2 His brethren therefore said unto him, 
Depart hence, and go into Judea, that thy dis- 
ciples also may see the works that thou doest. 

3 For there is no man that doeth any thing in 
secret, ^nd he himself seeketh to be known openly. 
If thou do these things, shew thyself to the world. 

4 For neither did his brethren believe in him. 

5 Then Jesus said unto them. My time is not 
yet come: but your time is alway ready. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 81 

6 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, 
because I testify of it, that the works thereof are 
evil. 

7 Go ye up unto this feast: I go not up yet 
unto this feast; for my time is not yet full come. 

8 When he had said these words unto them, he 
abode still in Galilee. 

9 ^ But when his brethren were gone up, then 
went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as 
it were in secret. 

10 Then the eTews sought him at the feast, and 
said. Where is he? 

11 And there was much murmuring among the 
people concerning him : for some said, He is a good 
man: others said. Nay; but he deceiveth the people. 

12 Howbeit no man spake openly of him for 
fear of the Jews. 

13 ^ Now about the midst of the feast Jesus 
went up into the temple, and taught. 

14 And the Jews marveled, saying. How 
knoweth this man letters, having never learned? 

15 Jesus answered them, and said, My doctrine 
is not mine, but his that sent me. 



82 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

16 Did not Moses give you the law, and yet 
none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to 
kill me? 

17 The people answered and said, Thou hast a 
devil: who goeth about to kill thee? 

18 Jesus answered and said unto them, I have 
done one work, and ye all marvel. 

19 Moses therefore gave unto 3- ou circumcision ; 
(not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;) 
and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man. 

20 If a man on the sabbath day receive circum- 
cision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; 
are ye angry at me, because I have made a nan 
every whit whole en the sabbath day? 

21 Judge not according to the appearance, but 
judge righteous judgment. 

22 Then said some of them of Jerusalem, Is not 
this he, whom they seek to kill? 

23 But, lo, he speaketh boldly, and they say 
nothing unto him. Do the rulers know indeed that 
this is the very Christ? 

24 ]\ The Pharisees heard that the people mur- 
mured such things concerning him; and the Phari- 
sees and the chief priests sent officers to take him. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 83 

25 So there was a division among the people 
because of him. 

26 And some of them would have taken him; 
but no man laid hands on him. 

27 11 Then came the officers to the chief priests 
and Pharisees; and they said unto them, Why have 
ye not brought him? 

28 The officers answered, Never man spake 
like this man. 

29 Then answered them the Pharisees, Are ye 
also deceived? 

30 Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees 
believed on him? 

31 But this people who knoweth not the law 
are cursed. 

32 Nicodemus saith unto them, (he that came 
to Jesus by night, being one of them,) 

33 Doth our law judge any man, before it hear 
him, and know v/hat he doeth? 

34 They answered and said unto him, Art thou 
also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Gal- 
ilee ariseth no prophet. 

35 And every man went unto his own house. 



84 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

XXX. 

TJic Woman Taken in Adultery. 

JESUS went unto the mount of Olives. 
2 And early in the morning he came again 
into the temple, and all the people came unto him; 
and he sat down, and taught them. 

3 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto 
him a woman taken in adultery; and when they 
had set her in the midst, ' 

4 They say unto him, Master, this woman was 
taken in adultery, in the very act. 

5 Now Moses in the law commanded us, that 
such should be stoned; but what sayest thou? 

6 This they said, tempting him, that they 
might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped 
down, and with It Is finger wrote on the ground, 
•as tlioiKjIi he heard them not. 

7 So when they continued asking him^ he 
lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is 
without sin among you, let him first cast a stone 
at her. 

8 And again he stooped down, and v/rote on 
the cTOund. 



OP JESUS OF NAZARETH. 85 

9 And they which heard it, being convicted by 
their own conscience, went out one by one begin- 
ning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus 
was left alone, and the woman standing in the 
midst. 

10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw 
none but the woman, he said unto her. Woman, 
where are those thine accusers? hath no man con- 
demned thee? 

11 She said. No man, Lord. And Jesus said 
unto her, Neither do I condemn thee; go, and sin 
no more, 

XXXL 

To be Born Blind No Proof of Sin. 

A ND as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which 
was blind from Ids birth. 

2 And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, 
who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was 
born blind? 

3 Jesus answered. Neither hath this man 
sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of 
God should be made manifest in him. 



86 THE LIFE AND INIORALS 

XXXII. 

The Good SJiephcrd. 

T rERILY, yeril}^, I say unto you, He that en- 
tereth not by the door into the sheepfold, 
but climbeth up some other way, the same is a 
thief and a robber. 

2 But he that entereth in by the door is the 
shepherd of the sheep. 

3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep 
hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by 
name, and leadeth them out. 

4 And when iie putteth forth his own sheep, he 
goeth before them, and the sheep follow him; for 
they know his voice. 

5 And a stranger will they not follow^, but will 
flee from him: for they know not the voice of 
strangers. 

6 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd 
giveth his life for the sheep. 

7 But he that is an hireling, and not the shep- 
herd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf 
coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the 
wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 87 

8 The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, 
and careth not for the sheep. 

9 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, 
and am known of mine. 

10 And other sheep I have, which are not of 
this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall 
hear iiij voice; and there shall be one fold, and 
one shepherd. 

XXXIII. 

Love God and Thy Neighbour ; Parable of the Samaritan. 

\ ND, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and 
tempted him, saying. Master, what shall I 
do to inherit eternal life? 

2 He said unto him, What is written in the 
law? how readest thou? 

3 And he answering said. Thou shalt love the 
Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all 
thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all 
thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself. 

4 And lie said unto him, Thou hast answ^ered 
right: this do, and thou shalt live. 



88 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

5 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto 
Jesus, And who is my neighbour? 

6 And Jesus answering said, A certain man 
went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell 
among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, 
and wounded hiniy and departed, leaving Mm half 
dead. 

7 And by chance there came down a certain 
priest that w^ay: and when he saw him he passed 
by on the other side. 

8 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the 
place, came and looked on him, and passed by on 
the other side. 

9 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, 
came where he was: and when he saw him, he had 
compassion on him, 

10 And w^ent to hhn, and bound up his wounds, 
pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own 
beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of 
him. 

11 And on the morrow when he departed, he 
took out tw^o pence, and gave them to the host, and 
said unto him. Take care of him; and whatsoever 
thou spendest more, when I come again, I will re- 
pay thee. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 89 

12 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, 
was neighbour unto him that fell among the 
thieves? 

13 And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. 
Then said Jesus unto him. Go, and do thou like- 
wise. 



XXXIV. 

Form of Prayer. 

\ ND it came to pass, that, as he was praying in 
a certain place, when he ceased, one of his 
disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as 
John also taught his disciples. 

2 And he said unto them, When ye pray, say. 
Our Father which art in heaven. Hallowed be thy 
name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as 
in heaven, so in earth. 

3 Give us day by day our daily bread. 

4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive 
every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not 
into temptation; but deliver us from evil. 



90 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

5 And he said unto them, Which of you shall 
have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, 
and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves; 

6 For a friend of mine in his journey is come 
to me, and I have nothing to set before him? 

7 And he from within shall answer and sav. 
Trouble me not: the door is now shut; and my chil- 
dren are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give 
thee. 

8 I say unto you. Though he will not rise and 
give him because he is his friend, yet because of 
his importunity he will rise and give him as many 
as he needeth. 

9 And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be 
given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it 
shall be opened unto you. 

10 For everv one that asketh receiveth; and he 
that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it 
shall be opened. 

11 If a son shall ask bread of any of you that 
is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he asJc 
a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? 

12 Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a 
scorpion? 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 91 

13 If je then, being evil, know how to give 
good gifts unto your children: hoAV much more 
shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to 
them that ask him? 

XXXV. 

TJic Sabbath. 

A XD it came to pass, as he went into the house 
of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on 
the sabbath day, that they watched him. 

2 And, behold, there was a certain man before 
him vv^hich had the dropsy. 

3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers 
and Pharisees, saying. Is it lawful to heal on the 
sabbath day? 

4 And they held their peace. And he took him, 
and healed him, and let him go; 

5 And answered them, saying, Which of you 
shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and 
will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath 
day? 

6 And they could not answer him again to 
these thingfi. 



92 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

XXXVI. 

The Bidden to a Feast. 

A ND he ]3ut forth a parable to those which were 
bidden, when he marked how they chose out 
the chief rooms ; saying unto them, 

2 When thou art bidden of any man to a wed- 
ding, sit not down in the highest room ; lest a more 
honourable man than thou be bidden of him ; 

3 And he that bade thee and him come and say 
to thee. Give this man place; and thou begin with 
shame to take the lowest room. 

4 But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in 
the lowest room; that when he that bade thee 
Cometh, he may say unto thee. Friend, go up higher : 
then shalt thou have worship in the presence of 
them that sit at meat with thee. "■ 

5 For whosoever exalteth himself shall be 
abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be ex- 
alted. 

6 Tj Then said he also to him that bade him. 
When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 93 

thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, 
nor tliij rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee 
again, and a recompense be made thee. 

7 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, 
the maimed, the lame, the blind : 
- 8 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot 
recompense thee : for thou shalt be recompensed at 
the resurrection of the just. 

9 If And when one of them that sat at meat 
with him heard these things, he said unto him, 
Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom 
of God. 

10 Then said he unto him, A certain man made 
a great supper, and bade many : 

11 And sent his servant at supper time to say 
to them that were bidden. Come; for all things are 
now ready. 

12 And they all with one consent began to make 
excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a 
piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it : I 
pray thee have me excused. 

13 And another said, I have bought five yoke 
of oxen, and I go to prove them : I pray thee have 
me excused. 



94 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

14 And another said, I have married a wife, 
and therefore I cannot come. 

15 So that servant came, and shewed his lord 
these things. Then the master of the house being 
angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the 
streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither 
the poor, and tlie maimed, and the halt, and the 
blind. 

16 And the servant said, Lord it is done as thou 
hast commanded, and yet there is room. 

17 And the lord said unto the servant. Go out 
into the liighways and hedges, and compel them to 
come in, that my house may be filled. 

18 For I say unto you. That none of those men 
which were bidden shall taste of my supper. 

XXXYII. 

Precepts. 

J^Oll which of you, intending to build a tower, 
sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, 
whether he have sufficient to finish itf 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 95 

2 Lest haplj, after he hath laid the foundation, 
and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to 
mock him^ 

3 Saying, This man began to build, and was not 
able to finish. 

4 Or what king, going to make war against 
another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth 
whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him 
that Cometh against him with twenty thousand? 

5 Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, 
he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions 
of peace. 

XXXVIII. 

Parables of the Lost Sheep and Prodigal Son. 

'"T^HEN drew near unto him all the publicans and 
sinners for to hear him. 

2 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, say- 
ing. This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with 
them. 

3 And he spake this parable unto them, saying, 



96 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

4 What man of yoUj having an hundred sheep, 
if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety 
and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which 
is lost, until he find it? i 

5 And when he hath found it^ he layeth it on his 
shoulders, rejoicing. 

6 And when he cometh home, he calleth to- 
gether his friends and neighbours, saying unto 
them, Eejoice with me; for I have found my sheep 
which was lost. 

7 I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in 
heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than 
over ninety and nine just jpersons, which need no 
repentance. 

8 11" Either what woman having ten pieces of 
silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, 
and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she 
find it? 

9 And when she hath found it^, she calleth Jier 
friends and her neighbours together, saying, Re- 
joice with me; for I have found the piece which I 
had lost. 

10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the 
presence of the angels of God over one sinner that 
repenteth. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 97 

11 ^ And he said, A certain man had two sons : 

12 And the younger of them said to his father, 
Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to 
me. And he divided unto them his living. 

13 And not many days after the younger son 
gathered all together and took his journey into a 
far country, and there wasted his substance with 
riotous living. 

14 And when he had spent all, there arose a 
mighty famine in that land ; and he began to be in 
want. 

15 And he w^ent and joined himself to a citizen 
of that country; and he sent him into his fields to 
feed swine. 

16 And he would fain have filled his belly with 
the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave 
unto him. 

17 And when he came to himself, he said. How 
many hired servants of my father's have bread 
enough and to spare, and I i)erish with hunger! 

18 I will arise and go to my father, and will 
say unto him. Father, I have sinned against 
heaven, and before thee. 



98 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

19 And am no more worthy to be called thy 
son: make me as one of thy hired servants. 

20 And he arose, and came to his father. But 
when he was jet sl great way off, his father saw 
him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on 
his neck, and kissed him. 

21 And the son said unto him, Father, I have 
sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am 
no more worthy to be called thy son. 

22 But the father said to his servants. Bring 
forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a 
ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet: 

23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill 
it; and let us eat, and be merry: 

24 For this my son was dead, and is alive 
again; he was lost, and is found. And they began 
to be merry. 

25 Now his elder son w^as in the field; and as 
he came and drew nigh to the house, he heard 
music and dancing. 

26 And he called one of the servants, and asked 
what these things meant. 

2'7 And he said unto him. Thy brother is come; 
and thy father hath killed the fatted calf, because 
he hath received him safe and sound. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 99 

28 And he was aiigr}^, and would not go in: 
therefore came his father out, and intreated him. 

29 And he answering said to his father, Lo, 
these many years do I serve thee, neither trans- 
gressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet 
thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make 
merry with my friends: 

30 But as soon as this thy son was come, 
which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou 
hast killed for him the fatted calf. 

31 And he said unto him. Son, thou art ever 
wath me, and all that I have is thine. 

32 It was meet that we should make merry, 
and be glad; for this thy brother was dead, and 
is alive again; and was lost, and is found. 

XXXIX. 

Parable of the Unjust Stezvard. 

A ND he said also unto his disciples, There was a 
certain rich man, which had a steward; and 
the same was accused unto him that he had wasted 
his goods. 



100 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2 And he called him, and said unto him, How 
is it that I hear this of thee? give an account of 
thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer 
steward. 

3 Then the stew^ard said within himself, What 
shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the 
stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed. 

4 I am resolved what to do, that, when I am 
put out of the stewardship), they may receive me 
into their houses. 

5 So he called every one of his lord's debtors 
wwto h'nn, and said unto the first, How much owest 
thou unto my lord? 

6 And he said, An hundred measures of oil. 
And he said unto him. Take thy bill, and sit down 
quickl}^, and write fifty. 

7 Then said he to another. And how much 
owest thou? And he said. An hundred measures 
of wheat. And he said unto him, Take thy bill, 
and write fourscore. 

8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, 
because he had done wisely; for the children of 
this world are in their generation wiser than the 
children of light. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 101 

9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves 
friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, 
when je fail, they may receive you into everlasting 
habitations. 

10 He that is faithful in that which is least is 
faithful also in much: and he that is unjust in the 
least is unjust also in much. 

11 If therefore ye have not been faithful in the 
unrighteous mammon, who will commit to your 
trust the true riches? 

12 And if ye have not been faithful in that 
which is another man's, who shall give you that 
which is your own? 

13 No servant can serve two masters: for either 
he will hate the one, and love the other; or else 
he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye 
cannot serve God and mammon. 

14 Y\ Aiid tli^ Pharisees also, who were cov- 
etous, heard all these things: and they derided him. 

15 And he said unto them. Ye are they which 
justify yourselves before men; but God knoweth 
your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed 

among men is abomination in the sight of God. 



102 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

XL. 

Parable of Larjarus. 

'T'HERE was a certain rich man, whicli was 
clothed in purple and fine linen and fared 
sumptuously every day: 

2 And there was a certain beggar named Laz- 
arus, which was laid at his gate, full of sores, 

3 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs which 
fell from the rich man's table: moreover the dogs 
came and licked his sores. 

4 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, 
and was carried by the angels into Abraliam's 
bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried; 

5 And in hell he lift up bis eyes, being in tor- 
ments and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus 
in his bosom. 

6 And he cried and said. Father Abraham, have 
mercy on me, and send Lazarus, tliat he may dip 
the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; 
for I am tormented in this flame. 

7 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou 
in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and like- 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 103 

wise Lazarus evil tilings: but now he is comforted, 
and thou art tormented. 

8 And beside all this, between us and you there 
is a great gulf fixed: so that they which would 
pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they 
pass to us, that toould come from thence. 

9 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, 
that thou wouldest send him to my father's house: 

10 For I have five brethren; that he may testify 
unto them, lest they also come into this place of 
torment. 

11 Abraham saith unto him. They have Moses 
and the prophets; let them hear them. 

12 And he said. Nay, father Abraham: but if 
one went unto them from the dead, they will re- 
pent. 

13 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses 
and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, 
though one rose from the dead. 

XLI. 

Precepts to be Always Ready. 

HP HEN said he unto the disciples, it is impossible 
but that offences will come: but woe unto 
IvhUy through whom they come ! 



lOJ: THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2 It were better for him that a millstone were 
hanged abont his neck, and he cast into the sea, 
than that he should offend one of these little ones. 

3 ^ Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother 
trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, 
forgive him. 

4 And if he trespass against thee seven times in 
a day, and seven times in a day turn again to thee, 
saying, T repent; thou shalt forgive him. 

5 But which of you, having a servant plowing 
or feeding cattle, will say unto him by and by, when 
he is come from tlie field. Go and sit down to meat? 

6 And will not rather say unto him. Make ready 
wherewith I may sup, and gird thyself, and serve 
me, till I have eaten and drunken; and afterward 
thou shalt eat and drink? 

7 Doth he thank that servant because he did the 
things that were commanded him? I trow not. 

8 So likeAvise ye, when ye shall have done all 
those things which are commanded you, say, We are 
unprofitable servants : we have done that which was 
our dutv to do. 

9 Tf And when he was demanded of the Phari- 
sees, when the kingdom of God should come, he 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 105 

answered them and said. The Kingdom of God 
Cometh not with observation. 

10 And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it 
be also in the days of the Son of man. 

11 They did eat, they drank, they married wives, 
they were given in marriage, nntil the day that Noe 
entered into the ark, and the flood came, and de- 
stroved them all. 

12 Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; 
they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, 
they planted, they builded; 

13 But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom 
it raim^d fire and brimstone from heaven, and 
destroyed them all. 

14 Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son 
of man is revealed. 

15 In that day, he which shall be upon the 
housetop, and his staff in the house, let him not 
come down to take it aw\ay: and he that is in the 
field, let him likewise not return back. 

16 Remember Lot's wife. 

17 Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall 
lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall pre- 
serve it. 



106 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

18 I tell you, in that night there shall be two 
inen in one bed; the one shall be taken, and the 
other shall be left. 

19 Two women shall be grinding together; the 
one shall be talien, and the other left. 

20 Two men shall be in the field ; the one shall 
be taken, and the other left. 

XLIL 

Parables of the Widow and Judge, the Pharisee and Publican. 

\ ND lie spake a parable unto them to this end, 
that men ought always to pray, and not to 
faint; 

2 Saying, There was in a city a judge, which 
feared not God, neither regarded man : 

3 And there was a widow in that city; and she 
came unto him, saying. Avenge me of mine adver- 
sary. 

4 And he would not for a while : but afterward 
he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor 
regard man, 

5 Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will 
avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary 
me. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 107 

6 And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust 
judge saith. 

7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which 
cry day and night unto him, though he bear long 
with them? 

8 I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. 
Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he 
find faith on the earth? 

9 11 And he spake this parable unto certain 
which trusted in themselves that they were right- 
eous, and despised others: 

10 Two men went up into the temple to pray; 
the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican. 

11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with 
himself, God, I thank thee that I am not as other 
men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even 
as this publican. 

12 I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all 
that I possess. 

13 And the publican, standing afar off, would 
not lift up so much as his eyes unto heaven, but 
smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to 
me a sinner. 



108 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

14 I tell YOU, this man went doAvn to his house 
justified rather than the other: for every one that 
exalteth himself shall be abased ; and he that hum- 
bleth himself shall be exalted. 



XLIII. 

Precepts. 

^^T OW it came to pass, as they went, that he 

entered into a certain village: and a certain 

woman named Martha received him into her house. 

2 And she had a sister called Marv, which also 
sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word. 

3 But Martha was cumbered about much serv- 
ing, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not 
care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid 
her therefore that she help me. 

4 And Jesus answered and said unto her, 
Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled 
about many things: 

5 But one thing is needful: and Mary hath 
chosen that good part, which shall not be taken 
away from her. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 109 

6 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had fin- 
ished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and 
came into the coasts of Judea beyond Jordan; 

7 And great multitudes followed him; and he 
healed them there. 

8 The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting 
him, and saying unto him. Is it lawful for a man to 
put away his wife for every cause? 

9 And he answered and said unto them. Have 
ye not read, that he which made them at the begin- 
ning made them male and female, 

10 And said. For this cause shall a man leave 
father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife : and 
they twain shall be one flesh? 

11 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one 
flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let 
not man put asunder. 

12 Tliey say unto him, Why did Moses then com- 
mand to give a writing of divorcement, and to put 
her awav? 

13 He saith unto them, Moses because of the 
hardness of 3^our hearts suffered you to put away 
your wives : but from the beginning it was not so. 



110 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

14 And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put 
away his wife, except it he for fornication, and 
shall marry another, committeth adultery: and 
whoso marrieth her which is put away doth com- 
mit adultery. 

15 His disciples say unto him, If the case of the 
man be so with Ids wife, it is not good to marry. 

16 But he said unto them. All men cannot re- 
ceive this saying, save they to whom it is given. 

17 For there are some eunuchs, which were so 
born from thei)^ mothers womb: and there are 
Bome eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men; 
and there be eunuchs, which have made them- 
selves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. 
He that is able to receive ity let him receive it. 

18 Then were there brought unto him little chil- 
dren, that he should put his hands on them, and 
pray : and the disciples rebuked them. 

19 13ut Jesus said. Suffer little children, and 
forbid them not, to come unto me : for of such is the 
kingdom of heaven. 

20 And he laid his hands on them, and departed 
thence. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. Ill 

21 And, behold, one came and said unto him, 
Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may 
have eternal life? 

22 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me 
good? there is none good but one, that is^ God: but 
if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. 

23 He saith unto him. Which? Jesus said, 
Thou shalt do no murder. Thou shalt not commit 
adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear 
false witness, 

24 Honour thy father and thy mother: and. 
Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 

25 The young man saith unto him, All these 
things have I kept from my youth up : what lack I 
yet? 

26 Jesus said unto him. If thou wilt be perfect, 
go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and 
thou shalt have treasure in heaven : and come and 
follow me. 

27 But when the young man heard that saying, 
he went away sorrowful : for he had great posses- 
sions. 

28 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I 
say unto you. That a rich man shall hardly enter 
into the kingdom of heaven. 



112 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

29 And again I say unto jou, It is easier for a 
camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a 
rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. 

30 When his disciples heard it, they were ex- 
ceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? 

31 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them^ 
With men this is impossible; but with God all 
things are possible. 

XLIV. 

Parable of tlic Labourers in the Vineyard. 

"pOR the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man 

that is an householder, which went out earlv 

in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. 

2 And when he had agreed with the labourers 
for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 

3 And he went out about the third hour, and 
saw others standing idle in the marketplace, 

4 And said unto them: Go ye akso into the vine- 
yard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. 
And they went their way. 

5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth 
hour, and did likewise. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 113 

6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, 
and found others standing idle, and saith unto 
them, Why stand ye here all the day idle? 

7 They say unto him. Because no man hath 
hired us. He saith unto them. Go ye also into the 
vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye 
receive. 

8 So when even was come, the lord of the vine- 
yard saith unto his steward. Call the labourers, and 
give them their hire, beginning from the last unto 
the first. 

9 And when they came that tcere hired about 
the eleventh hour, they received every man a 
penny. 

10 But when the first came, they supposed that 
they should have received more; and they likewise 
received every man a penny. 

11 And when they had received ity they mur- 
mured against the goodman of the house, 

12 Saying, These last have wrought hut one 
hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, 
which have borne the burden and heat of the day. 

8 



114 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

13 But he answered one of them, and said, 
Friend, I do thee no wrong; didst thou not agree 
with me for a penny? 

14 Take tlmt thine is and cro thy w^ay: I will 
giye unto this last, eyen as unto thee. 

15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with 
mine own? Is thine eye eyil, because I am good? 

16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: 
for many be called, but few chosen. 



XLY. 

Zacchaeus, and the Parable of the Talents. 

\ ND Jesus entered and passed through Jericho. 
2. And, behold, there teas a man named 
Zacchaeus, which w^as the chief among the publi- 
cans, and he was rich. 

3 And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and 
could not for the press, because he was little of 
stature, 

4 And he ran before, and climbed up into a 
sycamore tree to see him: for he was to pass that 
icay. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 115 

5 And when Jeeus came to the place, he looked 
up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, 
make haste, and come down; for today I muvst 
abide at thy house. 

6 And he made haste, and came down, and re- 
ceived him joyfully. 

7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, 
saying. That he was gone to be guest with a man 
that is a sinner. 

8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the 
Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to 
the poor; and if I have taken anything from any 
man by false accusation, I restore Imn fourfold. 

9 And Jesus said unto him. This day is salva- 
tion come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a 
son of Abraham. 

10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to 
save that which was lost. 

11 )\ And as they heard these things, he added 
and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jeru- 
salem, and because they thought that the kingdom 
of God should immediately appear. 



116 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman went 
into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, 
and to return. 

13 And he called his ten servants, and deliv- 
ered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy 
till I come. 

14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a mes- 
sage after him, saying, We will not have this m<i}i 
to reign over us. 

15 And it came to pass, that when he was re- 
turned, having received the kingdom, then he com- 
manded these servants to be called unto him, to 
whom he had given the money, that he might know 
how much every man had gained by trading. 

16 Then came the first, saying. Lord, thy pound 
hath gained ten pounds. 

17 And he said unto him. Well, thou good serv- 
ant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, 
have thou authority over ten ci+ies. 

18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy 
pound hath gained five pounds. 

19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also 
over five cities. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 117 

20 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, 
here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a 
napkin: 

21 For I feared thee, because thou art an 
austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not 
down, and reapest that thou didst not sow. 

22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own 
mouth will I judge thee, tJioii wicked servant. 
Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking 
up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not 
sow: 

23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money 
into the bank, that at my coming I might have re- 
quired mine own with usury? 

24 And he said unto them that stood by, Take 
from him the pound, and give it to him that hath 
ten pounds. 

25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten 
pounds.) 

26 For I say unto you. That unto every one 
which hath shall be given; and from him that hath 
not, even that he hath shall be taken away from 
him. 



118 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

27 But those mine enemies which would not 
that I should reign over them, bring hither, and 
slay them before me. 

28 And when he had thus spoken, he went be- 
fore, ascending up to Jerusalem. 

XLVI. 

Goes to Jerusalem and Bethany. 

A ND when they drerv^ nigh unto Jerusalem, and 
were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of 
Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples, 

2 Saying unto them. Go into the village over 
against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass 
tied, and a colt with her: loose tliem, and bring them 
unto me. 

3 And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall 
say. The Lord hath need of them; and straightway 
he will send them. 

4 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus com- 
manded them, 

5 And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on 
them their clothes, and they set him thereon. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 119 

6 And a very great multitude spread their gar- 
ments in the wav; others cut down branches from 
the trees, and strawed tJiem in the way. 

7 And when he was come into Jerusalem, all 
the city was moved, saying. Who is this? 

8 The Pharisees therefore said among them- 
selves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, 
the world is gone after him. 

9 And there were certain Greeks among them 
that came up to worship at the feast: 

10 The same came therefore to Philip, which 
was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, say- 
ing, Sir, we would see Jesus. 

11 Philip Cometh and telleth Andrew: and 
again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus. 

12 And Jesus answ^ered them, saying. The hour 
is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. 

13 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn 
of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth 
alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. 

14 And he left them, and went out of the city 
into Bethany; and he lodged there. 



120 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

XLVII. 

The Traders Cast Out from the Temple. 

A ND on the morrow, when they were come from 
Bethany, he was hungry: 

2 And they came to Jerusalem: and Jesus 
went into the temple, and began to cast out them 
that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew 
the tables of the money changers, and the seats of 
them that sold doves; 

3 And would not suffer that any man should 
carry any vessel through the temple. 

4 And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not 
written, My house shall be called of all nations the 
house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of 
thieves. 

5 And the scribes and chief priests heard it, 
and sought how they might destroy him: for they 
feared him, because all the people was astonished 
at his doctrine. 

6 And when even was come, he went out of 
the city. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 121 

XLVIIL 

Parable of the Two Sons. 

A ND ihey came again to Jerusalem: and as he 
was walking in the temple, there came to 
him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the 
elders, 

2 And they answered Jesus and said, We can- 
not tell. And he said unto them. Neither tell I you 
by what authority I do these things. 

3 But what think ye? A certain man had two 
sons; and he came to the first, and said. Son, go 
work today in my vineyard. 

4 He answered and said, I will not: but after- 
ward he repented^ and went. 

5 And he came to the second, and said likewise. 
And he answered and said I go, sir: and went not. 

6 Whether of them twain did the will of Ms 
father? They say unto him. The first. Jesus saith 
unto them, Verily I say unto you. That the publi- 
cans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God 
before you. 



122 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

XLIX. 

Parable of the Vineyard and Husbandmen. 

"tJEAE another parable: There was a certain 
householder, which planted a vineyard, and 
hedged it round about, and digged a wine-press in 
it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, 
and went into a far countr}^: 

2 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen 
a servant, that he might receive from the husband- 
men of the fruit of the vineyard. 

3 And they caught hinf, and beat him, and sent 
him away empty. 

4 And again he sent unto them another serv- 
ant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him 
in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled. 

5 And again he sent another; and him they 
killed, and many others; beating some, and killing 
some. 

6 Having yet therefore one son, his well-be- 
loved, he sent him also last unto them, saying. They 
will reverence my son. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 123 

7 But those husbandmen said among them- 
selves, This is the heir; come, let u« kill him, and 
the inheritance shall be ours. 

8 And they took him, and killed Jiim and cast 
Mm out of the vineyard. 

-9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard 
do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and 
will give the vineyard unto others. 

10 And when the chief priests and Pharisees 
had heard his parables, they perceived that he 
spake of them. 

11 But when they sought to lay hands on him, 
they feared the multitude, because they took him 
for a prophet. 



L. 

Parable of the King and the Wedding. 

A ND Jesus answered and spake unto them again 
by parables, and said, 
2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain 
king, which made a marriage for his son; 



124 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

3 And sent forth his servants to call them that 
were bidden to the wedding; and they would not 
come. 

4 Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, 
Tell them which are bidden. Behold, I have pre- 
pared my dinner; my oxen and my fatlings aix 
killed, and all things are ready: come unto the 
marriage. 

5 But they made light of it, and went their 
ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: 

6 And the remnant took his servants, and en- 
treated them spitefully, and slew tJiem. 

7 But when the king heard thereof, he was 
wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed 
those murderers, and burned up their city. 

8 Then saith he to his servants. The wedding is 
ready, but they which were bidden were not 
worthy. 

9 Go ye therefore into the highways, and as 
many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. 

10 So those servants went out into the high- 
ways, and gathered together all as many as they 
found, both bad and good; and the wedding was 
furnished with guests. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 125 

11 And when the king came in to see the guests, 
he saw there a man which had not on a wedding 
garment: 

12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how earnest 
thou in hither not having a wedding garment? 
And he was speechless. 

13 Then the king said to the servants. Bind him 
hand and foot, and take him nway and cast him 
into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and 
gnashing of teeth. 

14 For many are called, but few are chosen. 

LI. 

Tribute^ Marriage^ Resurrection. 

'T* HEN went the Pharisees, and took counsel how 
they might entangle him in his talk. 

2 And they sent out unto him their disciples 
with the Herodians, saying. Master, we know that 
thou art true, and teachest the Avay of God in truth, 
neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest 
not the person of men. 

3 Tell us therefore. What thinkest thou? Is it 
lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? 



126 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

4 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and 
said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? 

5 Shew me the tribute money. And they 
brought unto him a penny. 

6 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image 
and superscription? 

7 They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he 
unto them. Render therefore unto Caesar the things 
which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that 
are God's. 

8 When they had heard these ivords, they mar- 
velled, and left him and went their way. 

9 The same day came to him the Sadducees, 
which say that there is no resurrection, and asked 
him, 

10 Saying, Master, ^Moses said. If a man die, 
having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, 
and raise up seed unto his brother. 

11 Now there were with us seven brethren : and 
the first, Avhen he had married a wife, deceased, and, 
having no issue, left his wife unto his brother : 

12 Likewise the second also, and the third, unto 
the seventh. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 127 

13 And last of all the woman died also. 

14 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife 
shall she be of the seven ? for they all had her. 

15 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do 
err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of 
God. 

16 For in the resurrection they neither marry, 
nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of 
God in heaven. 

17 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, 
have ye not read that which was spoken unto you 
by God, saying, 

18 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of 
Isaac and the God of Jacob? God is not the God 
of the dead, but of the living. 

19 And when the multitude heard this^ they 
were astonished at his doctrine. 

LII. 

The Two Commandments. 

A ND one of the scribes came, and having heard 
them reasoning together, and perceiving that 
he had answered them well, asked him, Which 
is the first commandment of all? 



128 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2 And Jesus answered him, The first of all the 
commandments iSj Hear, O Israel ; The Lord our 
God is one Lord: 

3 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all 
thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy 
mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first 
commandment. 

4 And the second is like, namely this. Thou 
shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none 
other commandment greater than these. 

5 On these two commandments hang all the law 
and the prophets. 

And the scribe said unto him. Well, Master, 
thou hast said the truth : for there is one God ; and 
there is none other but he: 

7 And to love him with all the heart, and with 
all the understanding, and with all the soul, and 
with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as 
himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and 
sacrifices. 



OP JESUS OF NAZARETH. 129 

LIII. 

Precepts, Pride, Hypocrisy, Swearing. 

np HEN spake Jesiis to the multitude, and to his 
disciples, 

2 Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in 
Moses' seat: 

3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you ob- 
serve, that observe and do ; but do not ye after their 
works : for they say, and do not. 

4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to 
be borne, and lay tliem on men's shoulders; but 
they themselves will not move them with one of 
their fingers. 

5 But all their works they do for to be seen of 
men: they make broad their phylacteries, and en- 
large the borders of their garments, 

6 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and 
the chief seats in the synagogues, 

7 And greetings in the markets, and to be called 
of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. 

8 But be not ye called Rabbi : for one is your 
Master, even Christ ; and all ye are brethren. 



130 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

9 And call no mmi your father upon the earth ; 
for one is your Father, which is in heaven. 

10 Neither be ye called masters : for one is your 
Master, even Christ. 

11 But he that is greatest among you shall be 
your servant. 

12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be 
abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be 
exalted. 

13 Tf But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, 
hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven 
against men : for ye neither go in yourselves^ 
neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in. 

14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites ! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a 
pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall re- 
ceive the greater damnation. 

15 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites! for ye compass sea and land to make one 
proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him two- 
fold more the child of hell than yourselves. 

16 Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say. 
Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing ; 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 131 

but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, 
he is a debtor ! 

17 Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, 
the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold? 

18 And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it 
is nothing ; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that 
is upon it, he is guilty. 

19 Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, 
the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift? 

20 Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, 
sweareth by it, and by all things thereon. 

21 And whoso shall swear by the temple, swear- 
eth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein. 

22 And he that shall swear by heaven^ sweareth 
by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth there- 
on. 

23 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites ! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cum- 
min, and have omitted the weightier matters of the 
law, judgment, mercy, and faith : these ought ye to 
have done, and not to leave the other undone. 

24 Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and 
swallow a camel. 



132 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

25 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites ! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and 
of the platter, but within they are full of extortion 
and excess. 

26 Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that ichich 
is within the cup and platter, that the outside of 
them may be clean also. 

27 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites ! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which 
indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within 
full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. 

28 Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous 
unto men, but w^ithin ye are full of hypocrisy and 
iniquity. 

29 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypo- 
crites ! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, 
and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, 

30 And say. If we had been in the days of our 
fathers, we Avould not have been partakers with 
them in the blood of the prophets. 

31 Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, 
that ye are the children of them which killed the 
prophets. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 133 

32 Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. 

33 Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can 
ye escape the damnation of hell? 

LIV. 

The Widow's Mite. 

\ ND Jesus sat over against the treasury, and be- 
held how the people cast money into the treas- 
ury : and many that were rich cast in much. 

2 And there came a certain poor widow, and 
she threw in two mites, which make a farthing. 

3 And he called unto him his disciples, and 
saith unto them. Verily I say unto you. That this 
poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which 
have cast into the treasury : 

4 For all they did cast in of their abundance; 
but she of her v/ant did cast in all that she had, 
even all her living. 

LV. 

Jerusalem and the Day of Judgment. 

\ ND Jesus went out, and departed from the tem- 
ple : and his disciples came to him for to shew 
him the buildings of the temple. 



134 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2 And Jesus tsaid unto them, See ye not all 
these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not 
be left here one stone upon another, that shall not 
be thrown down. 

3 Then let them which be in Judea flee into the 
mountains : 

4 Let him which is on the housetop not come 
down to take any thina.- out of his house: 

5 • Neither let him which is in the field return 
back to take his clothes. 

6 And woe. unto them that are with child, and 
to them that give suck in those days ! 

7 But pray je that your flight be not in the 
winter, neither on the sabbath day : 

8 For then shall be great tribulation, such as 
was not since the beginning of the world to this 
time, no, nor ever shall be. 

9 TI ^(^y^^ learn a parable of the fig tree; When 
his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, 
ye know that summer is nigh : 

10 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these 
things, knoAv that it is near even at the doors. 

11 ^ But of that day and hour knoweth no maiiy 
no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 135 

12 But as the days of Noe tccrc^ so shall also the 
eomiug of the Son of man be. 

13 For as in the days that were before the flood 
they were eating and drinking, marrying and giv- 
ing in marriage until the day that Noe entered into 
the ark, 

14 And knew not until the flood came, and took 
them all away ; so shall also the coming of the Son 
of man be. 

15 Then shall tAvo be in the field ; the one shall 
be taken, and the other left. 

IG Two women shall he grinding at the mill; the 
one shall be taken, and the other left. 

17 Watch therefore: for ye know not what 
hour your Lord doth come. 

18 But know this, that if the goodman of the 
house had known in Avhat watch the thief would 
come, he would have watched, and would not have 
suffered his house to be broken up. 

19 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an 
hour as ve think not the Son of man cometh. 



136 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

LVI. 

TJie raithful and Wise Servant. 

AA/'HO then is a faithful and wise servant, whom 
his lord hath made ruler over his household, 
to give them meat in due season? 

2 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when 
he Cometh shall find so doing. 

3 Verily I say unto you. That he shall make him 
ruler over all his goods. 

4 But and if that evil servant shall say in his 
heart. My lord delayeth his coming ; 

5 And shall begin to smite his fellow-servants, 
and to eat and drink with the drunken ; 

6 The lord of that servant shall come in a day 
when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he 
is not aware of, 

7 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him 
his portion with the hypocrites : there shall be weep- 
ing and gnashing of teeth. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 137 

LVII. 

Parable of the Ten Virgins. 

'TWEEN shall the kingdom of heaven be likened 
unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, 
and went forth to meet the briiiegroom. 

2 And five of them were wise, and five ivere 
foolish. 

3 They that icere foolish took their lamps, and 
took no oil with them: 

4 But the wise took oil in their vessels with 
their lamps. 

5 While the bridegroom tarried, they all slum- 
bered and slept. 

6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Be- 
hold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet 
him. 

7 Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed 
their lamps. 

8 And the foolish said unto the wise. Give us 
of your oil; for our lamps are gone out. 

9 But the wise answ^ered, saying, Not so; lest 
tliere be not enough for us and you: but go ye 
rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves. 



138 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

10 And while they went to bu}^, the bridegroom 
came; and they [hat were ready went in with him 
to the marriage: and the door was shut. 

11 Afterward came also the other virgins, say- 
ing, Lord, Lord, open to us. 

12 But he answered and said. Verily I say unto 
you, I know jou. not. 

13 Watch, therefore, for ye know neither the 
day nor the hour wlierein the Son of man cometh. 



LYIII. 

Parable of the Talents. 

pOR ilic I'ingdoni of hoaven is as a man travelling 
into a far country, wlio called his own serv- 
anttS, and delivered unto them his goods. 

2 And unto one he gave five talents, to another 
two, and to another one; to every man according 
to his several ability; and straightway took his 
journey. 

3 Then he that had received the live talents 
went and traded with the same, and made them 
other five talents. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 139 

4 And likewise he that had received two, he also 
gained other two. 

5 But he that had received one went and 
digged in the earth, and hid his lord's money. 

6 After a long time the lord of those servants 
cometh, and reckoneth with them. 

7 And so he that had received five talents came 
and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, thou 
deliveredst unto me five talents: behold, I have 
gained beside them five talents more. 

8 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good 
and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over 
a few things, I will make thee ruler over many 
things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. 

9 He also that had received two talents came 
and said. Lord, thou deliveredst unto me two tal- 
ents: behold, I have gained two other talents be- 
side them. 

10 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and 
faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a 
few things, I will make thee ruler over many 
things; enter thou into the joy of thy lord. 

11 Then he which had received the one talent 
came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an 



140 THE LIFE AND IN [ORALS 

hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and 
gathering where thou hast not strawed: 

12 And I was afraid, and went and hid thy 
talent in the earth: lo, there thou hast that is 
thine. 

13 His lord answered and said unto him, Thou 
wicked and slothful servant, thou knewest that I 
reap where I sowed not, and gather where I have 
not straw^ed: 

14 Thou oughtest therefore to have put my 
money to the exchangers, and then at my coming 
I should have received mine own with usury. 

15 Take therefore the talent from him, and 
give it unto him which hath ten talents. 

16 For unto every one that hath shall be given, 
and he shall have abundance: but from him that 
hath not shall be taken away even that which he 
hath. 

17 And cast je the unprofitable servant into 
outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnash- 
ing of teeth. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 141 

LIX. 

The Day of Judgment. 

AND take heed to yourselves, lest at any time 
your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, 
and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that 
day come upon you unawares. 

2 For as a snare shall it come on all them that 
dwell on the face of the whole earth. 

3 Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye 
may be accounted worthy to escape all these 
things that shall come to pass, and to stand before 
the Son of man. 

4 When the Son of man shall come in hie 
glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall 
he sit upon the throne of his glory: 

5 And before him shall be gathered all nations: 
and he shall separate them one from another, as 
a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: 

6 And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, 
but the goats on the left. 

7 Then shall the King say unto them on his 
right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit 



142 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation 
of the world: 

8 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: 
I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stran- 
ger, and ye took me in : 

9 Naked, and ye clothed me: I w^as sick, and ye 
visited me: I was in j)rison, and ye came unto me. 

10 Then shall the righteous answer him, say- 
ing, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed 
tJieef or thirsty, and gave thee drink? 

11 When saAV we thee a stranger, and took 
thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? 

12 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and 
came unto thee? 

13 And the King shall answer and say unto 
them, Verily I say unto 3^ou, Inasmuch as ye have 
done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, 
ye have done it unto me. 

14 Then shall he say also unto them on the left 
hand. Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting 
fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: 

15 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me no 
meat: I was thirsty, and 3^e gave me no drink: 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 143 

16 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: 
naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, 
and ye visited me not. 

17 Then shall they also answer him, saying. 
Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, 
or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and 
did not minister unto thee? 

18 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily, 
I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one 
of the least of these, ye did it not to me. 

19 And these shall go away into everlasting 
punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. 

LX. 

A Woman Anointeth Him. 

A FTER two days was the feast of the passover, 
and of unleavened bread: and the chief 
priests and the scribes sought how they might 
take him by craft, and put Mm to death. 

2 But they said, Not on the feast da?/, lest there 
be an uproar of the people. 

3 TJ And being in Bethany in the house of 
Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a 



144 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

woman having an alabaster box of ointment of 
spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, 
and poured it on his head. 

4 And there were some that had indignation 
within themselves, and said, Why was this waste 
of the ointment made? 

5 For it might have been sold for more than 
three hundred pence, and have been given to the 
poor. And they murmured against her. 

6 Aud Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble 
ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me. 

7 For ye have the poor with you always, and 
whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me 
ye have not alwaj^s. 

8 She hath done what" she could: she is come 
aforehand to anoint my body to the bur^dng. 

LXI. 

Judas Undertakes to Point Out Jesus. 

npHEN one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, 
went unto the chief priests, 
2 And said nnto them, What will ye give me, 
and I will deliver him unto you? And they cove- 
nanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 145 

3 And from that time he sought oiDportunlty to 
betray him. 



LXII. 

Precepts to His Disciples, Washes their Feet. Trouble of Mind 

and Prayer. 

^^OW the first day of the feast of unleavened 
bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying 
unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for 
thee to eat the passover? 

2 And he said, Go into the city to such a man, 
and say unto him. The Master saith, My time is at 
hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with 
my disciples. 

3 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed 
them; and they made ready the passover. 

4 Now when the even was come, he sat down 
with the twelve. 

5 And there was also a strife among them, 
which of them should be accounted the greatest. 

6 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gen- 
tiles exercised lordship over them; and they that 

10 



146 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

exercise authority upon them are called benefac- 
tors. 

7 But ye shall not he so : but he that is greatest 
among you, let him be as the younger; and he that 
is chief, as he that doth serve. 

8 For whether is greater, he that sitteth at 
meat^ or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at 
meat? but I am among j-ou as he that serveth. 

9 And supper being ended, the devil having 
now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's 
son, to betray him; 

10 He riseth from supper, and laid aside his 
garments; and took a towel, and girded himself. 

11 After that he poureth water into a bason, 
and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe 
them with the towel wherewith he was girded. 

12 Then cometh he to Simon Peter; and Peter 
saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? 

13 Jesus answered and said unto him. What I 
do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know 
hereafter. 

14 Peter saith unto him. Thou shalt never wash 
my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, 
thou hast no part with me. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 147 

15 Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my 
feet only, but also my hands and 7ny head. 

16 Jesus saith to Him, He that is washed need- 
eth not save to wash Ms feet, but is clean every 
whit: and ye are clean, but not all. 

17 For he knew who should betray him; there- 
fore said he. Ye are not all clean. 

18 So after he had washed their feet, and had 
taken his garments, and was set down again, he 
said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you? 

19 Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say 
well ; for so I am. 

20 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed 
your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet. 

21 For I have given you an example, that ye 
should do as I have done to you. 

22 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant 
is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent 
greater than he that sent him. 

23 If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye 
do them. 

21 When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled 
in spirit, and testified, and said. Verily, verily, I 
say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. 



148 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2o Then the disciples looked one on another, 
doubting of whom he spake. 

26 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one 
of his disciples whom Jesus loved. 

27 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, 
that he should ask who it should be of whom he 
spake. 

28 He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto 
him, Lord, who is it? 

29 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall 
give a sop, when I have dii)ped it. And when he 
had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, 
the sow of Simon. 

30 Tf Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus 
said. Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is 
glorified in him. 

31 A new commandment I give unto you, That 
ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye 
also love one another. 

32 By this shall all men know that ye are my 
disciples, if ye have love one to another. 

33 Then said Jesus unto them. All ye shall be 
offended because of me this night: for it is writ- 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 149 

ten, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the 
flock shall be scattered abroad. 

34 Peter answered and said unto him, Thougli 
all men shall be offended because of thee, ijct will 
I never be offended. 

- 35 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to 
go with thee, both into prison, and to death. 

36 And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock 
shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt 
thrice deny that thou knowest me. 

37 Peter said unto him. Though I should die 
with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also 
said all the disciples. 

38 Tj Then cometh Jesus with them unto a 
place called Gethsemane, and said unto the dis- 
ciples. Sit ye here, w^hile I go and pray yonder. 

39' And he took with him Peter and the two 
sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and 
very heavy. 

40 Then saith he unto them. My soul is exceed- 
ing sorrowful, even unto death : tarry ye here, and 
watch with me. 

41 And he went a little farther, and fell on his 
face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be pos- 



150 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

sible, let this cup pass from me: uevertheless not 
as I will, but as thou loilt. 

42 And he cometh unto the disciples, and find- 
eth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could 
ye not watch with me one hour? 

43 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into 
temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the 
flesh is weak. 

44 He went away again the second time, and 
prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not 
pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be 
done. 

45 And he came and found them asleep again: 
for their eyes were heavy. 

46 And he left them, and went away again, 
and prayed the third time, saying the same words. 

47 Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith 
unto them. Sleep on now, and take your rest: be- 
hold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is 
betrayed into the hands of sinners. 



OF JESUS OP NAZARETH. 151 

LXIII. 

Judas Conducts the Officers to Jesus. 

V\7HEN Jesus had spoken these words, he went 
forth with his disciples over the brook Ce- 
dron, where was a garden, into the which he en- 
tered, and his disciples. 

2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew 
the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with 
his disciples, 

3 Judas then, having received a band of me)i 
and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, 
Cometh thither with lanterns and torches and 
weapons. 

4 Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, 
saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: 
hold him fast. 

5 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said. 
Hail, master; and kissed him. 

6 And Jesus said unto him. Friend, wherefore 
art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on 
Jesus, and took him. 



152 THE LIFE AND MORALS 



LXIY. 



He is Arrested and Carried Before Caiaphas, the High Priest and 

is Condemned. 

JESUS therefore, knowing all things that should 
come upon him, went forth, and said unto 
them, Whom seek ye? 

2 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. 
Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, 
which betrayed him, stood with them. 

3 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am 
he, they went backward, and fell to the ground. 

4 Then asked he them again. Whom seek ye? 
And they said, Jesus of Nazareth. 

5 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am 
he; if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way : 

6 And Jesus said unto him. Friend, wherefore 
art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands 
on Jesus, and took him. 

7 And, behold, one of them which were with 
Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, 
and struck a servant of the high priest's, and 
smote off his ear. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 153 

8 Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy 
sword into his place: for all they that take the 
sword shall perish Avith the sword. 

9 In that same hour said Jeeu^ to the multi- 
tudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with 
swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily 
with 3^ou teaching in the temple, and ye laid no 
hold on me. 

10 But all this was done, that the scriptures of 
the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the dis- 
cijjles forsook him, and fled. 

11 And there followed him a certain young man, 
having a linen cloth cast about Ids naked 'body; and 
the young men laid hold on him : 

12 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from 
them naked. 

13 TI And they that had laid hold on Jesus led 
Mm away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the 
scribes and the elders were assembled. 

14 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so 
did another disciple: that disciple was known unto 
the high priest, and went in w^ith JesUvS into the pal- 
ace of ihe high priest. 



154 THE LIFE AND I^IORALS 

15 But Peter stood at the door without. Then 
went out that other disciple, which was known unto 
the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the 
door, and brought in Peter. 

16 Then saith the damsel that kept the door, un- 
to Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disci- 
ples? He saith, I am not. 

17 And the servants and oflQcers stood there, 
who had made a fire of coals ; for it was cold : and 
they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with 
them, and warmed himself. 

18 ^ And Simon Peter stood and warmed him- 
self. Thej said therefore unto him, Art not thou 
also one of his disciples? He denied ifj and said, 
I am not. 

19 One of the servants of the high priest, being 
his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not 
I see thee in the garden with him? 

20 Peter then denied again : and immediately 
the cock crew. 

21 And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, 
which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou 
Shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept 
bitterly. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 155 

22 ^ The high priest then asked Jesus of his 
discii)les, and of his doctrine. 

23 fTesus answered him, I spake openly to the 
world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the 
temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in 
secret have I said nothing. 

24 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard 
me, what I have said unto them : behold, they know 
what I said. 

25 And when he had thus spoken, one of the offi- 
cers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of 
his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? 

26 Jesus answered him. If I have spoken evil, 
bear witness of the evil; but if well, why smitest 
thou me? 

27 And the chief priests and all the council 
sought for witness against Jesus to put him to 
death ; and found none. 

28 For many bare false witness against him, 
but their witness agreed not together. 

29 And there arose certain, and bare false wit- 
ness against him, saying, 

30 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple 
that is made with hands, and within three days I 
will build another made without hands. 



156 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

31 But neither so did their witness agree to- 
gether. 

32 And the high priest stood up in the midst, 
and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? 
what is it tchich these witness against thee? 

33 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. 
Again the high priest asked him, and said unto 
him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed? 

34 Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said 
unto them. If I tell you, ye will not believe : 

35 And if I also ask yoii^ ye will not answer me, 
nor let me go. 

36 Then said they all, iVrt thou then the Son of 
God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am. 

37 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and 
saith, What need we any further witnesses? 

38 Ye have heard the blasphemy : what think ye? 
And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 

39 And some began to spit on him, and to cover 
his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, 
Prophesy : and the servants did strike him Avith the 

^ palms of their hands. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 157 

LXV. 

Is then Carried to Pilate. 

'T* HEN led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the 
hall of judgment : and it Avas early; and they 
themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest 
they should be defiled ; but that they might eat the 
passover. 

2 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, 
What accusation bring ye against this man? 

3 They answered and said unto him. If he were 
not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him 
up unto thee. 

4 Then said Pilate unto them. Take ye him, and 
judge him according to your law. The Jews there- 
fore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put 
any man to death. 

5 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall 
again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art 
thou the King of the Jews? 

6 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of 
thj^self, or did others tell it thee of me? 



158 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

7 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own 
nation and the chief priests have delivered thee 
unto me: what hast thou done? 

8 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this 
world; if my kingdom were of this world, then 
would my servants fight, that I should not be de- 
livered to the Jew^s: but now is my kingdom not 
from hence. 

9 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a 
king then? Jesus answered. Thou sayest that I 
am a king. To this end was I born, and for this 
cause came I into the world, that I should bear 
witness unto the trutlL Every one that is of the 
truth heareth my voice. 

10 Pilate saith unto him. What is truth? And 
when he had said this, he went out again unto the 
Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at 
all. 

11 And they were the more fierce, saying. He 
stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all 
Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this placa 

12 Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou 
not how many things they witness against thee? 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 159 

LXVI. 

Who Sends Him to Herod. 

VXT'HEN Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked 
whether the man were a Galilean. 

2 And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto 
Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who 
himself also was at Jerusalem at that time. 

3 If And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceed- 
ing glad : for he was desirous to see him of a long 
season^ because he had heard many things of him ; 
and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by 
him. 

4 Then he questioned with him in many words ; 
but he answered him nothing. 

5 And the chief priests and scribes stood and 
vehemently accused him. 

G And Herod with his men of war set him at 
naught, and mocked liim, and arrayed him in a gor- 
geous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. 

7 And the same day Pilate and Herod were 
made friends together: for before they were at 
enmity between themselves. 



160 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

LXVII. 

Receives Him Back, Scourges and Delivers Him to Execution. 

AND Pilate, when lie had called together the 
chief priests and the rulers and the people, 

2 Said unto there, Ye have brought this man 
unto me, as one that perverteth the people : and, be- 
hold, I, having examined him before you, have found 
no fault in this man touching those things whereof 
ye accuse him : 

3 No, nor yet Herod : for I sent you to him ; and, 
lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 

4 I will therefore chastise him, and release Mm. 

5 If Now at that feast the governor was wont to 
release unto the people a prisoner, whom they 
would. 

6 And they had then a notable prisoner, called 
Barabbas. 

7 Therefore when they were gathered together, 
Pilate said unto them. Whom will ye that I release 
unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called 
Christ? 

8 For he knew that for envy they had delivered 
him. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. IGl 

9 TI When he was set down on the judgment 
seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou 
nothing to do with that just man: for I have suf- 
fered many things this day in a dream because of 
him. 

10 But the chief priests and elders persuaded 
the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and 
destroy Jesus. 

11 The governor answ^ered and said unto them, 
Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto 
you? They said, Barabbas. 

12 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do 
then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all 
say unto him. Let him be crucified. 

13 And the governor said. Why, what evil 
hath he done? But they cried out the more, say- 
ing, Let him be crucified. 

14 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and 
when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to 
be crucified. 



n 



162 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

LXVIII. 

His Crucifixion, Death j and Burial. 

'TWEEN the soldiers of the governor took Jesus 
into the common hall, and gathered unto 
him the whole band of soldiers. 

2 And when they had platted a crown of 
thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in 
his right hand: and they bowed the knee before 
him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the 

eTews! 

3 And they spit upon him, and took the reed 

and smote him on the head. 

4 And after that they had mocked him, they 
took the robe off from him, and put his own rai- 
ment on him, and led him away to crucify 1dm. 

5 H Then Judas, which had betrayed him, 
when he saw that he was condemned, repented 
himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of 
silver to the chief priests and elders, 

6 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed, 
the innocent blood. And they said, What is that 
to us? see thou to that. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 163 

7 And lie cast down the pieces of silver in the 
temple, and departed, and went and hanged him- 
self. 

8 And the chief priests took the silver pieces, 
and said, It is not lawful for to put them into the 
treasury, because it is the price of blood. 

9 And they took counsel, and bought with 
them the potter's field, to bury strangers in. 

10 Wherefore that field was called, The field of 
blood, unto this day. 

11 ^ And as they led him away, they laid hold 
upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the 
country, and on him they laid the cross, that he 
might bear it after Jesus. 

12 And there followed him a great company of 
people, and of women, which also bewailed and 
lamented him. 

13 But Jesus turning unto them said. Daugh- 
ters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for 
yourselves, and for your children. 

14 For, behold, the days are coming, in the 
which they shall say, Blessed arc the barren, and 
the wombs that never bare, and the paps which 
never gave suck. 



164 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

15 Then shall they begin to say to the moun- 
tains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. 

16 For if they do these things in a green tree, 
what shall be done in the dry? 

17 ]j And there were also two other, malefac- 
tors, led with him to be put to death. 

18 And he bearing his cross went forth into a 
place called the place of a skull, w^hich is called in 
the Hebrew, Golgotha: 

19 Where they crucified him, and two other 
with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the 
midst. 

20 1[ And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on 
the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZ- 
AKETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 

21 This title then read many of the Jews: for 
the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to 
the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, 
and Latin. 

22 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to 
Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that 
he said, I am King of the Jews. 

23 Pilate answered. What I have written I 
have written. 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 165 

24 11 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified 
Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to 
every soldier a part; and also Ms coat: now the 
coat was without seam, woven from the top 
throughout. 

-25 They said therefore among themselves, Let 
us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall 
be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which 
saith, They parted my raiment among them, and 
for my vesture they did cast lots. These things 
therefore the soldiers did. 

20 ][ And they that passed by reviled him, 
wagging their heads, 

27 And saying. Thou that destroyest the tem- 
ple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. 
If thou be the Son of God, come down from the 
cross. 

28 Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, 
with the scribes and elders, said, 

29 He saved others; himself he cannot save. 
If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down 
from the cross, and we will believe him. 

30 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, 
if he will have liim: for he said, I am the Son of 
God. 



166 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

31 TJ And one of the malefactors which were 
hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, 
save thyself and us. 

32 But the other answering rebuked liim, say- 
ing, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the 
same condemnation? 

33 And we indeed justly; for we receive the 
due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done 
nothing amiss. 

34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for 
they know not what they do. And they parted 
his raiment, and cast lots. 

3'5 ^ Now there stood by the cross of Jesus 
his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the icife 
of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. 

36 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and 
the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith 
unto his mother. Woman, behold thy son! 

37 Then saith he to the disciple. Behold thy 
mother! And from that hour that disciple took 
her unto his own home. 

38 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a 
loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? 
that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou 
forsaken me? 



OF JESUS OF NAZARETH. 167 

39 Some of them that stood there, when they 
heard tMi, said, This man calleth for Elias. 

40 And straightway one of them ran, and took 
a spunge, and tilled it with vinegar, and put it on 
a reed, and gave him to drink. 

■ 41 The rest said, Let be, let us see whether 
Elias will come to save him. 

42 ^ Jesus, when he had cried again with a 
loud voice, yielded up the ghost. 

43 And many women were there beholding 
afar off, which followed Jesus from Galilee, min- 
istering unto him: 

44 Among which was Mary Magdalene, and 
Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the 
mother of Zebedee's children. 

LXIX. 

His Burial. 

'T^BE Jews therefore, because it was the prepara- 
tion, that the bodies should not remain upon 
the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath 
day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their 
legs might be broken, and that they might be taken 
away. 



168 THE LIFE AND MORALS 

2 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs 
of the first, and of the other which was crucified 
with him. 

3 But when thej came to Jesus, and saw that 
he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 

4 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced 
his side, and forthwith came there out blood and 
water. 

5 Tf And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, be- 
ing a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the 
Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the 
body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He 
came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. 

6 And there came also Mcodemus, which at 
the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a 
mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred 
pound iceight. 

7 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound 
it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of 
the Jews is to bury. 

8 Now in the place where he was crucified 
there was a garden; and in the garden a new 
sepulchre, wherein never man yet laid. 

9 There laid they Jesus: and rolled a great 
stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. 





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