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Z £lttattetlp Slournal 





The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M,A., 

Vicar of Thornton, Homcattle. 





January i, 1894, to Octobir i, 1895. 



• :: '• 

v # 



• ^» 

ir- IS'- Id 


The Editors of Lincalnshire Notes i^ ^umei have much to be 
grateful for for the continued support from their Uterary and 
archscotogical friends during the last two years which this 
IVth volume covers. 

The difficulties in procuring unpubHshtd Records of the 
County, although they are very considerable in amount and 
interest, are great, and it is only through the forethought and 
generosity of our supporters that we can possibly secure and 
publish these treasures. The more, therefore, our supporters 
will keep these fadb in view, the greater interest will there be. 
Too frequently the Editors receive condensed Notes from 
works already published, although scarce and rare. Some of 
these Notes have been inserted, but they are not the ideal class 
of Note that is required. Any original unpubtiihed MS. 
dealing with the History of the County under the subje£t- 
headings of Parochial Records, Family History, Traditions, 
Follc-Iore, &c., &C. — not a few of which have been sent in and 
published — are cordially and, one may say, greedily welcomed. 
Lincolnshire is a large and important County, replete with 
historical interest, and it is well known that there arc many 
MSS. and Records relating to the County lying dormant in the 
archives of our historical families. If the Editors could only 
be trusted with the originals or careful transcripts of these, 
thev would be very grateful. 

't'here are still two unfinished works of value from the 
literary and archaeological point of view which require comple- 
tion, viz. : {a) The Bibli^raphy ef Lincalnsbirt Topagraphical 
Boai^t, of which 32 pp. have been published from time to time 
as a Supplement to Linti. N. W ^ The last Supplement 


iv. Preface. 

appeared in Vol. II., pt. 3, July, 1890J since that date this 
Bibliography has been at a standstill, but it is very important 
that it should be continued and finished with the same com- 
pleteness as that contained in pp. 1-32, for there are a class of 
readers in America who make frequent requests for its comple- 
tion. But it can only be done by adual sight of the Books in 
question and not from ordinary Catalogues. {V) The list of 
Existing Sepulchral Brasses in Lincolnshire (by the Rev. G. 
E. Jeans) also awaits completion. Indeed, the publisher of 
Lines. N. &f ^. would re-issue this work revised and brought 
up to date if a very small encouragement were shown by 

It would be ungracious not to call attention to the great 
architeSural and archaeological loss the County has sustained 
in the decease of the late Bishop of Nottingham (Dr. TroUope) 
and the Rev. Precentor Venables (see pp. 32, 192, and 224). 
Both had a full and competent knowledge of the Archite&ure 
and Archaeology of the County, as will be readily seen by 
turning over the leaves of the Associated Architectural Societies 
from the years 1857 and 1873 respe£Hvely down to 1894. 

In conclusion, the Editors have to thank the Rev. J. Conway 
Walter, Redlor of Langton-by-Horncastle, for his trouble in 
compiling the Index to this IVth Vol., and to their Publisher, 
Mr. W. K. Morton, who (as publisher) takes all risks in 
bringing out a work which even now, in its eighth year of 
existence, has far too few supporters. 




No. 25. I, Canopy at Theddlethorpe All Saints — 2, Extent of Manor ot 
Scrivelsby, A.D. 1292 -3, Dymoke Familv, XVII. Century — ^4, Chancery Inquiittion 
— 5, Early Dymoke Will — 6, Cockenngton Registers — 7, Snowden Family — 
8, Records of Ancient Horncastle — 9, Parish Registers, Transcription and Publica- 
tion — 10, Ancient Arms and Utensils found in Lincolnshire, 1787-88 — 11, Feet of 
Fine*, Lincoln, Henry VII. 

No. 26. Holbeach High Cross — 23, Some Lincolnshire Pedigrees from the 
Plea Rolls — 24, Benson versus Sir Ralph Maddison, Knt., 1628 — 25, Wainfleet 
Records — 26, Burgh-le-Marsh Guild Certificates — 27, Institutions of Bishop 
Chadderton — 28, Lincoln Cathedral : The Precin€l Wall— 29, Canopy at Theddle- 
thorpe All Saints — 30, Leper Hospital of the Holy Innocents, Lincoln^-31, 
Langdale of Waltham — 32, Records of Ancient Horncastle— 33, Ancient Arms 
and Utensils found in Lincolnshire, 1787-88. 

No. 27. 41, St. Leonard's Priory, Stamford — 42, Holbeach Parish Registers 
— 43, Exchequer Subsidies (Lay), County of Lincoln — 44, Lincolnshire Records-— 
45 — Barkham of Wainfleet — 46, Field Names, &c., A.D. 18 50- 1284 — 47, Great 
Storm, Xmas. 1708—48, Alvingham Priory Register. 

No. 28. 57, Reredos, Lincoln«-58, An Old Account of Sedgebrook — 
59, An Early Lincoln Will, A.D. 1280—60, Ghost in Bolingbroke Castle — 
61, Lincolnshire Records — 62, Robert Dymoke mi**. — 63, Inquisitions, p.m.. 
Line. — 64, Goche of Alvingham Abbey — 65, Excerpts from the Grimoldby Parish 
Registers— 66, Records of Ancient Horncastle— 67, Marmion of Scrivelsby— 
68 — A Manchester Postmaster — 69, Extent of the Manor of Greetham, A.D. 
133 1 — 70, Ancient Arms and Utensils found in Lincolnshire, 1787-88. 

No. 29. 75, Notes on Revesby — 76, Sir Edward Hussey's Baronetcy — 
77, "Mocking the Church "—78, Severe Frost, 1697 — 79, Animal Apparitions in 
Lincolnshire — 80, Field Names in Spanby — 81, Bishop Williams and the Dutch 
Congregation in Lincolnshire — 82, Frieston v. Fishtoft, 1477. 


vi. Analytical List of Qontents. 

No. 30. 92, Tympanum at Haltham^-93, A County Museum in Lincolnihire 
— 94, Lincolnshire Place Names — 95, TesU de Neville — 96, Edward and the Nuns 
of Alvingham— 97, 17th Century Account of Lincolnshire — 98, List of Justices of 
the Peace for the Parts of Lindsey, A.D. 1616—99, Ancient Arms and Utensils 
found in Lincolnshire, 1787-88 — 100, Records of Ancient Homcastle. 

No. 31. 109, Relic of the Old French War^i 10, Lincolnshire and Lincoln 
M.P.'s — III, Barton-on-Humber, temp, XV. Century^iii, List of persons in 
Lincolnshire who Paid the Tax on Male Servants in 1780— 113, The Rev. John 
Carter — 114, Mural Tablet in Scamblesby Church — 115, King Richard IL and his 
** supporters." — 116, Dymokes of Friskney and Fulletby — 117, Lincolnshire Records 
—118, Records of Ancient Homcastle. 

No. 32. 120, Sepulchral Stones at Miningsby— 121, Some early charters 
relating to Tetford — 122, The Mural Tablet, Scamblesby Church— 123, Records of 
Ancient Homcastle— -124, Ancient Arms and Utensib found in Lincolnshire, 
1787-88 — 115, Lincolnshire Records — 126, State of the County of Lincoln, ttmp, 
Elisabeth — 127, The Mural Tablet, Scamblesby Church— Addendum. 


No. 25. 12, Upton Family — 13, Rev. James Fowler, Vicar of HorncastU 
14, The Ermine Street — 15, Foreign Refugees in the Isle of Axholme. 

No. 26. 34, Families. of Stovin and Browning— 35, Roos and Mere Families 
36, Wellingore. 

No. 17. 49, Homcastle Manor and See of Carlisle — 50, Joshua Drewry, 
Lincoln— 51, The Mass Army— 52, Thomu Smith c. 1510—53, Family of 
Howard of Wrawby. 

No. 28. 71, Mablethorpe, Malberthorpe, Lincs.~72, Rochford Family. 

No. 29. 83, Ancient Welby Monument. 

No. 30. loi. Slaughter Family — 102, St. Michael's, Boston— 103, Boothby 
Family^i04, Paradise Land— >io5, Family of Huntingdon. 

No. 31. iVi/. 

No. 32. 128, Altar on Rood Lofts, and Mediaeval Church arrangement — 
129, Oarford Family of Gedney— 130, Multon, Claymond, and Gra Families. 


Analytical last of Contents. vii. 


No. 25. 16, Field Names — 17, Crowning of Jack*— 18, Rev. William Bonvei 
-19, Sir Peter Ewers of Lincolnshire ~ 10, Barony of Stourton—xi, Booned Road. 

No. 26. 37, Parish Registers— 38, Cawdron Family— 39, Booned Road— 
40, The Rev. James Fowler, Vicar of Homcastk. 

No. 17. 54, Foreign Refugees in the Isle of Azholme — 55, Family of 
StoTin- 56, The Arnolds of Coleby. 

No. 28. 73, Booned Road — 74, Ea-meets. 

No. 29. 84, Excerpts from the Grimoldby Parish Registers — 85, Rochford 
Family— 86, Marmion of Scrivelsby — 87, Old Account of Sedgebrooke---88, Horn- 
castle Manor and See of Carlisle — 89, Mablethorpe, Malberthorpe, Lina. — 90, 
Oochc of Alringham— 91, Reredos at Lincoln. 

No. 30. Grimoldby Registers— 107, Goche of Alvingham— 108, The Meres 

No. 31. 119, St Michaers, Boston. 

No. 32. m. 


Lincolnshire Folk Names for Plants, Parts IL, IIL, IV. Sc Vl. 
Existing Lincolnshire Bruses, Part V. 


The Bishop Suflfragan of Nottingham, p. 32. 

A Lincolnshire Centenarian— Mrs. Elisabeth Daubney, p. 32. 

Precentor Venables, p. 192. Ditto (fuller notice], p. 224. 


viii. Analytical List of Qontents. 


Tmx Holbetch Regiiter of Baptismi, Marriages, and Buriali, A.D. 1606, and 
1613-1641, &c., by Rev. Grant W. Macdonald, p. 28 — Parish Memorials relating 
to Norton Disney, by the Vicar, p. 29 — Considerationes Temperiei pro 7 Annis, per 
MagMtrum Willelmum Merle, Socium Domns de Merton. Reproduced and 
Translated under the supervision of G. J. Symons, F.R.S., p. 31 — Records of the 
Cust Family of Pinchbeck, Stamford, and Helton in Lincolnshire. Part 1. 
Compiled by Lady Elizabeth Cust, p. 94 — Phillimore's Pedigree Forms, p. 96 — 
The Baptismal, Marriage, and Burial Registers of Horbling, 1653-1837, p. 112 — 
A Handbook to the Ancient Courts of Probate and Depositories of Wills, by Geo. 
W. Marshall, LL.D., Rouge Croix, p. 256. 

^^f ^Ef ^^f ^^f ^^f ^^f ^^f ^^x^^j ^^j ^^j ^^j ^^j BT^^j ^D^^j v^T^^j ^^j ^^j Tjr^^j ^^j ^B* ^^^ ^^^ ^v* ^Bp uEp uEp ^^j ^^j 


Canopy at Theddlethorpe All Saints' Church, to face p. 1. 

Holbeach High Cross, to face p. 33. 

St. Leonard's Priory, Stamford, to face p. 65. 

Drawing of carved stone slab in wall of pantry, No. 4, James Street, Eastgate, 
Lincoln, to face p. 97. 

Map showing the fens south of Revesby Abbey and the sites of the Chapels and 
Vaccarages attached to it, by the late Right Hon. £. Stanhope, to face p. 129. 

Map showing site of Revesby Abbey Church, ** Paradise," SafTron Garth, &c., by 
the late Right Hon. £. Stanhope, to face p. 1 31. 

Tympanum over south door of Haltham Church, to fiice p. 161. 

Signals in use on the Lincolnshire Coast during the French War, to face p. 193. 

Sepulchral Stones at Miningsby, to face p. 225. 




Notes & Queries. 

\NOPY AT Theddlethorpe All 

Saints,* — Both north and south aisles 

of All Saint's Church, Theddlethorpe, 

arc screened off by oak screens of 

foreign, perhaps Flemish Design, to 

form chapels. On the north wall of 

the south chapel stands the canopy, of 

which wc give a reproduction of a photograph as frontispiece 

to this number, and which is in many ways remarkable. 

What purpose it has served is not quite evident, unless it has 

been a simple rcredos to contain a picture, its height from the 

ground — 4 feet 5 inches — being unusual, and too great for an 

" Easter Sepulchre," though it has been occasionally claimed as 


The material used is Caen stone, of which the pillars and 
other interior work of the Church are built. The dimensions 
are, from apex to base 8 feet 8 inches, the base being 6 feet 
across, outside measurement, and the depth 11 inches. 
■ The floriated apex terminates in two seated figures, of 
which the heads are gone, probably representing the Coronation 
of the B. V. Mary. Below this, and at the point of the arch, 
the mutilated crucifixion is still evident. The central stone 

Vol. 4. — No, 25. Jan., 1894. 

2 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

of the base has been placed to fill the gap, but does not 
correspond with the rest of the work, though it, and another 
fragment still remaining, seem to have been part of a similar 
canopy from the north chapel, where a large late perpendicular 
window has taken its place, leaving only a carved head, which 
would form the lower corner, in position. 

There is no trace of colouring to be found under the plaster 
backing of the central space of the canopy. In the wall to 
the left, however, is a large chalk stone on which what seems 
to have been a " consecration cross," has been painted. 

The stone altar slab below the Canopy was placed there at 
the time of the restoration of the nave, when it and a similar 
slab, both broken, were rescued from the flooring and placed in 
either chapel. Two of the incised crosses remain on this, all 
five on the other slab. 

There is a similar Canopy, perhaps rather more ornate in 
its decoration, in the south aisle of Theddlethorpe St. Helen's, 
Church. This has been removed, to make way for a window, 
from the south aisle, to its present position, but is in good 
preservation. In this case, the crucifix formed the apex, and 
though not now occupying its place, stands within the canopy 
and is almost perfect. Both canopies are of the same date, 
and of the same Caen stone. Judging from the repetition of 
arms in many places about All Saints' Church, and especially 
on the side screens, it may be safe to ascribe the work to the 
Angevine &mily, who held the Manor from about 1350 or 
earlier to 1571. The arms and brass matrices of one couple 
are still remaining in the south chapel. 

C. W. Whistler. 

2. Extent or Survey of the Manor of Scrivelsby, 
A.D., 1292. — This survey which I have found in the 
Inquisition post mortem of Philip Marmion, the last of the 
Marmions of Scrivelsby, is most interesting in many ways. 
It not only tells us the names of the four heiresses of dir 
Philip, but it gives us most valuable particulars of the manor 
and of the services of the villeins. I believe it is a fact that no 
such early extent of any Lincolnshire manor has ever been 
published, for we must admit that our county has been badly 
treated in the matter of the publication of original documents 
bearing upon local history and the habits and customs of the people. 
Canon Lodge asserts in Scrivelsby that the authority of the 
lord of the manor was supreme ; I venture to think that a 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 3 

careful study of ancient documents will largely qualify this 
statement. I do not deny the power, or influence, or possible 
high-handedness of great lords like the Marmions, but 
original records* show that there is another side to the picture 
which we must not neglect if we would obtain a correct view 
of the condition of affairs in our villages in those far-off" times. 
The lord's authority was exercised through his Manor C out 
in which his tenants, free and bond, gave their judgment, 
which was not always in accordance with the views or interests 
of the lord. The freeholders were not only personally free, 
but as early as the reign of Henry II. had their writ of right 
which told the lord that if he would not do right in his Court 
the Sheriff" shall do it. Even the villeins were entitled to the 
judgment of the Manorial Court, and lived under the rule of 
orderly custom enforced in that Court. (See Maitland's 
Select PUas in Manorial Courts^ and Filleinage by P. 
Vinogradoff".) And Court Rolls show many instances of the 
freedom and independence of the tenants, and that on the 
manors of greater lords than the Marmions. The Court 
held at Scrivelsby must have been an important one, for we 
are told that the pleas and perquisites were worth £b a year. 
Its jurisdiction would probably extend over the appurtenances 
of the manor, as well as over Scrivelsby itself, or, more correctly 
perhaps, I should say over part of Scrivelsby, for Domesday 
Book shows that 3 carucates, and 8 oxgangs of land in 
Scrivelsby were Soke of the manor of Horncastle. The 
appurtenances of the manor, or soke of Scrivelsby, for so it is 
called in the Hundred Roll, A.D., 1275, were, according to 
the inquisition of Elizabeth widow of Thomas Dymmok 
Knt., (Chancery Inq., p.m., 31 Henry VI., No. 30) in 
" Screvelby, Conyngesby, Thorn ton-by-Horncastre, Holtham, 
Dalderby, Roughton, Langton-by-Wragby, Strubby-by-Hatton, 
Wilkesby.'* There must have been a Targe number of freehold 
tenants in Scrivelsby in those early days, judging from the 
large rents received, and from the fact that 30 sokemen are 
mentioned in Domesday Book as holding land in the manor. 

* A case on the oldest Lincoln Assize Roll, A.D. 1202, is very much to the 
point : — " The assize came to recognize if Gilbert de Gaunt and Fulckmar de 
Barton unjustly disseised William son of William of his free tenement in Barton. 
The jury sav they have. Judgment; let William have his seisin thereof, and the 
others are m mercy. Damage i mark ; Fulckmar's amercement 100"., and let 
Gilbert be amerced at London." The freeholder obtains redress against the lord of 
the manor though he it perhaps the greatest Baron in the county. 


4 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

The number of bond tenants is given as 50, but this, I 
suppose, includes those resident in the lands appurtenant, for 
Domesday Book only mentions 16 villeins in Scrivelsby 

Some of the services of the villeins were in 1292 actually 
performed, and not yet commuted for money payments : and 
so we are given by this survey a rare insight into the manner 
in which demesne lands were cultivated in the 13th century, 
as well as a record of the value of labour at that time. The 
yearly value of arable land, 13s. 4d. per oxgang (probably 15 
acres), is the same as that at Ormsby in 1324. But the 
increase of the annual value of the mill from 13s. 4d., temp. 
William I., to ^^4 in 1292 seems great. The total yearly value 
of the manor, £i(>^ 14s. 8d., seems very large indeed. In 
31 Henry VI. (1453), the value of the manor with 
appurtenances was only ^42 yearly, a difference which it will 
require considerable research to explain. 

It will be noticed that the manor of Scrivelsby is said to be 
held of the King in chief by Barony^ no mention whatever 
being made of the tenure by Grand Serjeanty of the lord 
acting as Champion to the King of England on coronation 
day. As regards this tenure of the Marmions by Barony, I 
may remark that there is no evidence that any Marmion of 
Scrivelsby was ever summoned to Parliament, so that it would 
appear that there never was any Marmion Peerage for a 
Dymoke to claim. Moreover I must add that I have never 
seen any evidence that any Marmion of Scrivelsby ever claimed 
to be Champion of England. 

" Chancery Ina. p.m. 20 Edw. I., n° 36. [i 291-2] Philip 
Marmeon [or Marmyon.] Extent of the Manor of 
Scryvelby, which was Philip Marmeon's, deceased, made 
on Tuesday next after the Epiphany 20 Edw. I. [The 
jurors] say on their oath that he held the manor of S 
with appurtenances of the lord the king in chief by 
barony, and died seised thereof in his demesne as of fee. 
And there is there a capital messuage, worth yearly in 
fruit and herbage of the garden with the dovecote xxv'. 
And there are in demesne there 49 oxgangs of arable 
land, the value of each oxgang being xiii* iiij* yearly, 
total value xxxij" xiii' iiij*. There are 280 acres of 
mowable meadow by the short hundred (per minus 
centum), the value of each acre being ij" yearly, total 
xxviii^ iiij*. A several pasture value xiv% 5 small 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 5 

woods of which the profits in underwood and pasture are 
viii'* xvi* yearly, a watermill value iiij^ yearly. The 
rents of free and bond tenants and cotters are at the feast 
of S. Andrew xxiiij^ xiiij', at the Nativity of our Lord 
vi* xi^ ob., at the Purification xiii" iiij*, at Easter vi* 
XI* ob, at the feast of S Botulph xxv^ xxiij' ob, at Michael- 
mas VII" xi* ob, sum total of rents li^ xiii" ij*. There are L 
(50) bond tenants, who shall find 10 ploughs at 3 boon days 
(precarias) by the year, but they have food, and so 
the work of the said ploughs is worth v" yearly, also they 
ought to harrow at two boon days yearly, and that work 
is worth ij', and each of them shall ao from the feast of the 
Apostles S Peter and S Paul unto the feast of S Michael 
39 works (opera), but he shall have food once a day, and 
so the work of a day is worth i*, sum total viii^ li" vi*. 
Also the said bond tenants shall give at the feast of S 
Michael for carrying turfe xxx", in Lent for carrying 
fishes VI" VIII*, and at the feast of S Botulph for 
carrying wine xxx", sum lxvi" viii*. Also the aid of the 
bond tenants is worth xx^ by the year. Also the pleas 
and perquisites of the Courts are worth vi" by the year. 

^^ And the said jurors say that Joan, who was the wife 
of William le Morteyn, the daughter of the said Philip, 
Joan wife of Alexander de Frivill, daughter of Mazere 
who was the wife of Ralph de Croumbewell daughter of 
the said Philip, Matilda wife of Ralph le Butiler daughter 
of the same Philip, who are of full age, and one Joan, 
daughter of the same Philip, who was of the age of 8 
years at the Annunciation last past, are the next heirs of 
the said Philip. 

" Fees of Knights. 

"John Marmeon held the manor of Wintringham by 
the service of 3 knights fees ; Roger de Lasceles held 
his manor of ffoulestowe by the service of 2 parts of 
one fee, &c. Dower of Mary, who was the wife of 
Philip, 4 fees in Wintringham and Wolingham which 
John Marmeon holds, half a fee in Langeton which John 
de Langeton holds, &c." 

W. O. M. 

3. The Dymoke Family {temp, xviii*** Cent.) — On 
looking through my notes I found I had a brief abstract of the 
will of Eleanor Lady Dymoke, relict of Sir Charles Dymoke, 


6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

and daughter of Lewis i'^ Lord Rockingham. I give it as a 
supplement to my note on the Dymoke family in the last No. 
of Lines, N. 6f ^., because it supplies another married 
daughter who, along with her sisters, was a co-heir eventually of 
the old Champion, Lewis Dymoke. 

It is dated lo March, 1693. She mentions her 3*. son 
Lewis, and her son the Hon. Charles Dymoke; her daughter 
Lister ; her daughter Cawdron ; her daughter Grace wife of 
Charles Hutchinson ; and her daughter Elizabeth Dymoke. 
She makes her son Lewis sole executor, and leaves to her 
daughter Grace certain lands in Whaplode, and to her 
daughter's daughter Eleanor £100, The will was proved 16 
Nov. 1698. 

Whatever descendants there may be from the marriage of 
Charles and Grace Hutchinson, they are of course co-heirs, 
along with the Listers and Cawdrons, of the senior Dymoke 

It may be noticed that Lady Dymoke speaks of her son 
Lewis as her 3*. son, whereas according to Canon Lodge's 
" Tabular Pedigree " he would be the 2°*., but, as a matter of 
fact, he was the 4*^. son though the 3*. surviving one. Three 
were born previous to him — Charles, who died young ; 
Edward, who died in France in his 20*^ year and was brought 
over and interred at Scrivelsby, 18 May, 1694. (Cannot 
Canon Lodge find this in the Register ?) Charles, 
who succeeded, and Lewis, who succeeded Charles, and died in 
1760. At the time when Lady Dymoke made her will, 1693, 
Edward was yet living, and Lewis was therefore the 3*. son. 

I followed Burke's Landed Gentry in giving 1689 as the 
date of the marriage of Matthew Lister and Eleanor Dymoke, 
but it is clearly wrong, as a son, Dymoke, was baptized at 
Burwell, 17th December, 1684, and was buried 6th January, 

Another son, also called Dymoke, was baptized at Burwell, 
20th October, 1689. He lived in St. Margaret's Parish, 
Lincoln, where his wife. Faith, was buried i6th April, 1739. 
He is called Captain Dymoke Lister in the St. Margaret's 
Register. He left three daughters, Elizabeth, Faith, and 
Eleanor 5 of these Eleanor, baptized at St. Margaret's 1 3th 
August, 1726, was buried at St. Swithin's, 15th September, 
1 812, aged 86. 

I should like to point out another inaccuracy in the 
unfortunate " Tabular Pedigree," because it 'illustrates pretty 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 7 

clearly the danger of accepting as gospel what is in print 
instead of going to original sources. Canon Lodge reproduces 
an error of Burke in giving Elizabeth daughter of Thomas 
Welbourne as the wife of John Dymoke. She was the 
daughter of Thomas Welcome, a descendant of an old 
Lincoln citizen &mily, seated at Market Stainton and Saus- 
thorpe in the 17th century, and was baptized at Bolingbroke, 
1st February, 1 631-2. Her mother was Martha, daughter of 
Leonard Camock, of Boston, who first married Robert Bryan, 
of Bolingbroke, who died in 1627, ^"^ secondly Thomas 
Welcome, of Sausthorpe. Mrs. Welcome's mother, Mrs. 
Camock, died in 1641, being then ^^of Boston," and in her 
will, dated nth January, 1641, she mentions her grand- 
daughter Martha Bryan, her granddaughter Frances Bryan, 
her granddaughter Elizabeth Welcome, her daughter Martha 
Welcome, and her son Thomas Welcome, whom she makes 
executor. The Welcomes figure in Yorke's Union of Honour^ 
their arms being, "Argent on a cross between 4 doves Gules, 
5 bezants." 

Canon Hemmans, of Holbeach, has kindly supplied me with 
some additional information about the Cawdron family. It 
appears that if the Cawdrons are extinct in the male line, the 
Cordeaux familv represent them in the female. According to 
the genealogical sketch sent, Dymoke Cawdron, born in 1687, 
the son of Robert Cawdron, by his wife Jane Dymoke, 
married, and left at his death in 1746 a son, Dymoke Cawdron, 
born in 1722. It will be remembered that this Dymoke 
Cawdron is the nephew on whom his uncle Robert Cawdron 
settled his property in 1728 (Vol. iii., p. 228). He married 
Elizabeth daughter of Robert Pulvertoft, of Horncastle, and 
died in 1757, leaving by her, who re-married Richard 
Yerburgh, of Frampton, and died in 1800, a daughter Sarah 
Cawdron, born in 1746, who married in 1775 Thomas Kyme, 
by whom she had a daughter Elizabeth Kyme, born in 1776, 
who married Christopher Taylor, and their daughter Elizabeth 
Taylor married John Cordeaux and had issue John Cordeaux, 
of Gt. Coates, Esq., the late Rev. Richard Dymoke Cawdron 
Cordeaux, Rector of Paull, in Yorkshire, and the Rev. 
Henry Cordeaux, Rector of Boothby GrafFoe. 

From this it is plain the Cordeaux family represents, through 
the Taylor and Kyme families, the Cawdrons of Great Hale, 
and along with this descent inherits a co-heirship of the senior 
line of the Dymoke femily. 



Lincolnshire Notes & ^ertes. 

The Cawdron arms, as given in Yorkc's Union of Honour^ 
are, " Argent a chevron between 3 martlets Sable on a chief of 
the second 3 cross crosslets Or." 

Sir Charles Dyinoke=pHon. Eleanor Watson 

died in 1688 

died in 1698. 

I I I I I I I 

Charles died young £leanor=^Matthew Jane=pRobert Grace^Charles Elizabeth 

Edward died in 1694 Lister Cawdron Hatchin- died 

set 20 of of Gt. Hale son unmarried 

Charles ob. SP. 1702 Burwell 1756 
Lewis ob. SP. 1760 

I I r 

Matthew=pSarah Dyinoke=]pFaith Dymoke 




ob. 1744 

J, ' ' 






and died 




ob. SP. 



Matthew=^Grace d of Sir 

ob. 1786 

John Shuckburgh B^ 

Dymoke=r=Elizabeth d' of Robert 

ob. 1757 


Matthew Dymoke Lister 

ob. vita patris 1 771 
great grandfather of the 
present Matthew Lister 

Sarah Cawdron=^=Thomas Kime 
bom in 1746 

Elizabeth Kime^Christopher Taylor 

Elisabeth TayIor=John Cordeaux. 

A. R. Maddison. 

4. Chancery Inquisition, ^w/ mortem^ 13 Henry VII. 
— No. 2. 

John RatclyfF Knight. 
[The writ.] 
Henry by the grace of God King of England and France, 
&c., to his very dear and faithful Andrew Dymmok, William 
Paynell, John Etton, Reginald Gayton, and John Brown, 
greeting. Know ye that whereas John RatclyfF, of 
Adilborough, in the County of Norfolk, Knight, otherwise 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 9 

called John RatclyflF Fitzwatcr, of Attilborough, in the County 
of Norfolk, Knight, otherwise called John RatclvflF Fitzwater, 
late of Attilborough, in the County of Norfolk, Knight, by 
virtue and force of a certain Act of forfeiture in our Parliament, 
enacted against him, held at Westminster on the 14*** day of 
October in the 11*** year of our reigne [a.d. 1495], was 
attainted and convicted of high treason, and by authority of 
our said Parliament, amongst other things, it was ordained that 
the same John should forfeit from himself and his heirs to us 
and our heirs all honours, castle, manors, lordships, &c., of 
which he, or any other to his use, was or were seized or 
possessed on the 12^ and 14^ days of January in the 8th year 
of our reign or at any time after, within our Kingdom of 
England, Ireland, Wales, Calais, or in the Marches of the 
same, &c. We assign you jointly and severally to enquire by 
the oath of true and lawful men of the County of Lincoln, 
&c., what honours, castles, manors, &c., the aforesaid John had 
to his own use or any other person had to the use of the same 
John on the aforesaid 12*^ and 14*** days of January, &c. 

Witness ourself at Westminster, the 16*** day of February, 
in the 12*** year of our reign, [a.d. 1496-7.] 

Inquisition taken at Boston, in the County of aforesaid, 21 
April, 12 Hen. VII [a.d. 1497] '^y ^^ ^^^^ ^^ John 
Sargeant, of Quaplode, John Claymonde, Gentleman, 
Thomas Parowe, of Boston, Adam Hyll, of Multon, John 
Haryson of the same, John Skarlet, of the same, Richard 
Nicoll, of the same, &c. Who say upon their oath that John 
RatclyfF, Knight, named in the aforesaid Letters Patent, on 
the 12*^ and 14*** days of January in the 8*** vear of the 
aforesaid King, was seized of a third part of the manor of 
Multon Hall, with the appurtenances, in Multon, Weston, 
Spaldyng, and Quaplode, in the County of Lincoln, in his 
demesne as of fee, and that Thomas, prior of the monastery 
of the Blessed Mary and S Nicholas of Spaldyng, is, and ail 
his predecessors priors of the monastery aforesaid, from a time 
beyond the memory of man, were successively seized of a 
certain annual rent of 49s 9^d issuing from the aforesaid 
third part of the aforesaid manor of Multon Hall, paid by the 
hands of the aforesaid John RatclyfF and of his ancestors, &c. 

Also the jurors say upon their oath that one Thomas, 
Marquiss of Dorsett, and Cecilia his wife. Lady Haryngton, 
as in right of the same Cecilia, and the aforesaid John 


lo Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

KatclyiF, Knight, on the aforesaid 12^ and 14^ days of 
January, were seized as tenants in common of the third part 
of the aforesaid manor of Multon Hall, in the vills aforesaid, 
with the appurtenances, in their demesne as of fee, and that 
aforesaid Thomas, prior of the monastery of Spalding aforesaid, 
is, and all his predecessors priors of the same monastery, from 
a time beyond the memory of man, were successively seized 
of a certain annual rent of 49s. 9^d. issuing from the aforesaid 
other third part of the aforesaid manor of Multon Hall, paid 
by the hands of the aforesaid Marquis of Dorset and Cecilia 
and John Ratclyff. 

The jurors also say that the said John RatclyfF, on the 
12*^ and 14*** days of January was seized of a third part of the 
manor of Flete, and of a third part of the port of Flete, 
called Hyrneflete, with their appurtenances, in Flete, Holbeck, 
and Gedney, in the County aforesaid, in his demesne as of fee ^ 
the which third parts of the manor port aforesaid, are held of 
the Lord the King as of his Honor of his Duchy of 
Lancaster, by the yearly service of 2s. 2^d., and a third part 
of a halfpenny for all service, &c. 

And further the Jurors say that the said John RatclyfF on 
the aforesaid 12*** and 14*** days of January, was seized in his 
demesne as of fee of a third part of the manor of Skyrbek, 
with the alternate advowson of the church of Skyrbelc, and 
with a third part of the advowson of the Hospital of the House 
of S. John in Skyrbek, &c. And they say that the aforesaid 
manor of Skyrbeck extends into the vills of Skyrbek, Boston, 
and Mynyngesby. 

Also they say upon their oath that the aforesaid John 
RatclyfF, on the aforesaid 12*^ and 14*** days of January was 
seized of a moiety of the manor of Kyrkton in Holand, with 
its appurtenances, in his demesne as of fee ; the which moiety 
is held of the Earl of Richmond by Knight service, &c. And 
moreover the jurors aforesaid say upon their oath that the 
aforesaid John RatclyfF, on the aforesaid 12*** and 14*** days of 
January, was seized of a third part of the manor of Beausolace, 
with the appurtenances, in Algarkyrk, Kyrkton in Holand, 
Sutterton, and Fosdyke ; the which third part is held of the 
heirs of Stephen Wygtoft by Knight service, &c. 

Also they say upon their oath that Thomas, Marquis of 
Dorset, and Cecilia his wife, as in right of the same Cecilia, 
and the aforesaid John Ratclyff, as in his own right, on the 
aforesaid 12*** and 14*** days of January, were seized as tenants 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^uertes. 1 1 

in common of another third part of the manor of Beausolace 
with its appurtenances, &c. ; the which third part is held of 
the heirs of Stephen Wygtoft by Knight service, &c. 

Also they present upon their oath that the aforesaid Thomas, 
Marquis of Dorset, and Cecih'a his wife, as in right of the 
same Cecilia, and the aforesaid John RatclyfF, as in his own 
right, on the aforesaid 12*^ and 14*^ days of January, were 
seized as tenants in common of another third part of the 
manor of Skyrbek with its appurtenances, in Skyrbek & 
Boston, in their demesne as of fee, together with a third part 
of the advowson of the House of the Hospital of S. John in 
Skyrbek, the which third part is held of the Earl of 
Richmond, &c. 

Also they present upon their oath that the aforesaid John 
Ratclyfi^ on the aforesaid 12^ and 14^ days of January, was 
seized of the advowson of the church of Hemmyngby, m the 
said County of Lincoln, in fee and right, as of one in gross 
by himself. 

The which John Ratclyf^ so lately being seized of the 
third parts and moiety of the third parts of the manors 
aforesaid, &c., together with the adyowson of the church of 
Hemmyngby, and the alternate advowson of the church of 
Skyrbek aforesaid, and also with the third part of the moiety of 
the third part of the advowson of the House of the Hospital 
of S. John of Skyrbek aforesaid, on the aforesaid 12*^ and 14*** 
days of January, in the 8*** year abovesaid, being by force and 
virtue of a certain Act of forfeiture enacted against the same 
John RatclyfF in the Parliament of the Lord the King held at 
Westminster on the 14*** day of October in the 11*** year of 
the Lord the King aforesaid [a.d. 1495], was attainted and 
convicted of high treason, by which the aforesaid third parts, 
&c., were seized into and as yet are in the hands of the Lord 
the King who now is, and that Andrew Dymmok, Solitat of 
the aforesaid Lord the King who now is, received the issues 
and profits of the aforesaid manors, &c. W R n 

5. An Early Dymoke Will. — 

Legnis Dymoke Militis. 
P. C. C. In dei nomine Amen In the yere of our 
as Ayioffe. ^^^.j^ ^^j j^i ^^ ^ij and the xv^ day of Apriell 

I leon Dymoke of maryng of the hill in the Countie of 
lincolne knyght beyng of good and hoole mynde make 
and ordigne my testament and Last will in fo'me 


12 Lincolnshire Notes Gf Queries. 

following I First I bequethe my soule to almyghty god 
and to the olessid virgine his mother seint Mary and to 
all the holy Company of heven | And forasmoch as no 
man is certeine of the houre of dethe nor what place he 
shall die in and nothyng so certeine as dethe | and for as 
moch as I by the kyngf pleasure shall goo in hys warrys 
in the parties by yonde the see Therefore my body to oe 
buryed where it shall please almyghty god | Also that I 
will that my Executours for the helth of my soule in as 
hasty tyme as they may after my deceas paye or do to 
be paid all and sineler my detts | Also I gyve and bequethe 
to the church warke of the Cathedral Churcheof Lincolne 
of our blessyd Ladye iij" iiij^ and to the Rede Arke of 
the same iij** iiii^ and to the highe aulter xx^ and to the 
fermare of Semt Kateryns withoute lincolne to the 
Inuencion of Orphanes there xx^ Also I bequethe and 
gyve to the Church warke of Maryng of al halowes vj" 
viij^ and to the highe aulter there for tythes andoblacions 
forgoten xx* and to seint Jamys gild of maryng xx* 
Also I gyve and bequethe to the Churche warkf of 
Screvelby xx* and to the Churche wark of hamerynghm 
XX* and to the Churche warkf of ScrafFeld xij* and to the 
Church warke of Ouertynton xij* and to the Church 
Wark^ of horncastell xx* Also Igyve and bequethe to 
the Convent of the black Freris of Boston for a trentall 
to be song for me and all Christen Soules x' and to the 
prior of the same house xij* and to the Convent of the 
Augustyne Freris there xx* | And to the Convent of the 
White Freris there of the same towne xx* I Also I will 
that the some of lij mrc vj' viij* of Lawfull money of 
England be perceved and taken by the handis of myne 
executours of the issues and revenues of all and singler 
my landes and tenementf in Maryng Ou'tynton 
Ho'ncastell Rugheton Halthm Marom Claxby Scrafield 
and Connesheby in the Countie of LincoUne and other 
suche landes and tenementf as xpofer willoughby and 
other cofeofFees be seased of to thentent for the pfo'mance 
of this my last will and testament that is to saye that the 
said some of lij inrc vj' viij* may be dispendyd upon the 
wagf of a convenient prest by the space of vij yeris 
immediatly after my deceas to pray for me my wif Anne 
and my wif Jane deceased and all Christen Soules takyng 
yerely for his yerely salary fyve poundes of LawfuU 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries . 1 3 

money of Englond | And after the said some of lij merkf 
vj' viij* by my said executo's pceived and taken | then I 
will that the said xpofer and other CofeofFes stond and be 
seased to the vse of myne heires of my body Lawfully 
begoten and for defaulte of suche issue to the^vse of the 
heires of Thomas Dymoke my father for euer more to be 
holden of the Chife Lorde of the Fee by s'uice therof 
due and accustomed | Also I gyve and bequeth to Antony 
Gerney my Sonne oon eilt Cupp Couered | and to henry 
Gernay my sonne x markf and to Bartholamewe browne 
my s'unte xl" | The Residue of my goodes not bequethed 
my dettf paid and legacies pformed I give and bequethe 
to Anne Dymoke my wif George Fitzwillm Esquier 
John hennege the Elder gentilman John ShefFeld psone of 
hamerynghm and s' Richard Atkynson psone of langton 
that they dispose them for my soule as it shall seem best, 
to whome I bequethe for theire labors to euerich of them 
XX" I and the supvisour of this my testament and Last Will 
I make and ordigne s' Robert Dymoke kynght to whome 
I bequeth for his labour xx' In Witness herof to this 
present my testament and last will I have put my seale 
the daye and yere abouesaid I These men Wytnesses 
Thomas Willughby Thomas Russhe Godfrey fulnetby 
John Jene and John baynard with other. 

On the 7*^ Oct. 1519 appear Sir Peter Peate prior of 
the order of the Predicants of the parish of S* Botolph's 
of Boston, Ralph Barroe of Horncastle, John Sawsthorpe 
of Boston, John Lawrence of Bardney, physician in the 
house of the said prior and Convent and depose and make 
oath that Leon Dymoke of Horncastle knight, on 17 
August 1519, affirmed a certain codicil to be annexed to 
his testament — saying these words in his mother tongue 
" I will that S' John Heron knyght have my landes in 
nethertynton whether I lyve or dye accordyng to my 
promise or els to be sold by Anne my wif and myn 
executours | and if my wif or myne executos thynk 
there be any thyng expressed in my wille oute of goode 
ordre I will it be reformed by Anne mv wif as she and 
they thynke most pleasure to god profytt for my soule 
and the paying of my dett. 

Proved 28 Nov. 151 9 by Anne, the relict and executrix, 
Power being reserved to the other exors. named in the 
will. J. C. H. 


14 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


following IS, I think worth noting, showing the fate of one of 
our early Parish Registers :— " The old Register of Cocker- 
ington was burnt in Parson Bransby's time, which was the 
parson before Wilkinson, which was before L'Ost's time, the 
present parson. Bransby then Boarded at Keddington and 
had the Registers with him in the house, which being burnt 
down the Register was destroyed." This is an extract from a 
much mouse-eaten letter, found amongst the Coleby and 
Cockerington deeds at Broughton Hall in Craven, in 1885, and 
other evidence was evidently written about the middle of last 
century. The first date in the existing Register is '* March 
y* Twenty fourth 1670 "^ the first entry being the baptism 
of Catherine Greene, daughter of Will. Greene and Catherine 
his wife 12 December 1670. There is an old Churehwarden's 
Account book commencing 12th January, 1594. 

E. B. Tempest. 

7. The Snowden Family. — This was one of the lesser 
gentry which seems to have taken root in Lincolnshire owing 
to a member of it becoming Bishop of Carlisle, and thereby 
Lord of the Manor of Horncastle. 

Ralph Snowden, of Mansfield Woodhouse, in Co. Notts., 
is the first known ancestor. His 3^. son Robert Snowden 
became Bishop of Carlisle, and his daughter married the Rev. 
Robert Rustat, father of Tobias Rustat, the benefactor of 
Chelsea Hospital. The Bishop married Abigail daughter of 
Robert Orme, and died in 1621. His widow seems to have 
lived at Horncastle, where she made her will, dated 5 Feb., 
1650-1. She desires to be buried in the church or chancel. 
She mentions her sons Rutland and Scroope, making the 
elder executor, and mentioning his sons Robert and Rutland, 
and his daughters Abigail and Elizabeths To her 2°^. son 
Scroope Snowden she leaves 10^. per ann. for ten years, and 
alludes to his children without naming them. A codicil is 
dated 15 Apl. 1651, and the will was proved 7th May, 1651. 

The Horncastle Register gives the baptisms of Mr. Rutland 
Snowden's children : Abigail 22 Oct. 1629, Robert 5 Feb. 
1 630-1, Rutland 29 Apl. 1632, George 28 July 1633, Francis 
8 Sept. 1634, Anna 26 Oct. 1637, Thomas 5 Apl. 1640 and 
was buried 16 May 1640, William 25 Nov. 1641, Thomas 6 
Apl. 1643 and was buried 9 May, 1643, Thomas 16 Oct. 
1649. The daughter Elizabeth mentioned in the Bishop's 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 5 

widow's will does not appear among the baptisms, but she was 
buried 27th July 1633. 

Another son of the Bishop's, though not mentioned in his 
mother's will, was Ralph Snowden. He married at Horncastle 
8 June 1632, Anne Cherry. Their son Ralph was baptized 
8 Apl. 1636. Mrs. Anne Snowden was buried at Horncastle, 
18 Dec. 1658. 

Scroope Snowden by his wife Elizabeth had a daughter 
Abigail, baptized 10 May, 1640. The mother of Mr. 
Rutbind Snowden's numerous family was Frances, widow of 
George Townshend, of Halstead Hall, in Stixwould, whose 
will was proved 5 May 1628. He was of the Norfolk 
Townshends, and left his manor of Cranworth in that 
county to his eldest son Thomas. His widow married Rutland 
Snowden, 25 Dec. 1628. He was buried at Horncastle, 28 
Aug. 1654, and his widow at the same place, 29 Aug. 1658. 

His eldest son Robert Snowden was the father of Jane who 
married Charles Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, whom she survived, 
dying in 1743, childless. 

I know little of the remaining children, except that George, 
baptized 28 July, 1633, was buried at Baumber, 6 Dec. 1633, 
but Abigail married Edward Dymoke, a younger son of Sir 
Edward Dymoke, of Scrivelsby, according to the Register 
there, 18 July 1654, and was the ancestress of the Tetford 

A George Snowden, of Waddingworth, whose will was 
proved 24 Feb. 1704, is a difficulty I have not been able to 
clear up. His will is dated 9 Jan. 1700. He leaves 60^ 
a year to his wife Elizabeth, whom he makes executrix. He 
leaves his lands in Waddingworth and Horsington to his 
nephew Edward Dymoke of Lincoln, Gent., and to his heirs. 

Of course, the obvious idea would be that he was son of 
Rutland Snowden, as Edward Dymoke was in that case the 
son of his sister Abigail. But George the son of Rutland was 
buried an infant at Baumber, and there is no trace of any 
other George being baptized in the Horncastle Register. One 
can hardly think he was a son of the Bishop, for, putting 
aside the fact of his not being mentioned in the Bishop^ 
widow's will, it would make him too old, as the Bishop died in 
1621. Probably, on the whole, he was a son of Rutland, and 
was baptized in some parish in the neighbourhood. 

From Foster's Alumni Oxonienses I learn that Rutland 
Snowden, B.A., from Christ's Coll., Cambridge, 161 7-1 8 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

(incorporated ii July, 1622), took the degree of M.A. from 
S*. John's Coll., Oxford, 1623, and was admitted a member of 
Gray's Inn that year, being described as "son and heir of 
Robert, Bp. of Carlisle deceased." 

The arms given in Yorke's Union of Honour are " Azure a 
lion rampant Or." 

Ralph Snowden=T= 
of Mansfield Woodhouse I 

Robert Snowden=T=Abigail d. of Robert Orme a dau=ReT. Robert Rustat 
Bp. of Carlisle bur. at Horncastle 1651 

Rutland Snowden^^Frances widow 

of Gray's Inn 1623 

bur. at Horncastle 



of George 
Townshend bur. 
at Horncastle 

Ralph=r=Ann Cherry Scroop=p£lizabeth 

Snowden i 

B. 1636 

Snowden I 

B. 1640 

I I I I 



William of 

Thomas Waddingworth 
George S.P. S.P. 1704 

Abigail =£d ward 
Snowden Dymoke 
Ancestor of 
the Tetford 

Jane= Charles 
Snowden Dymoke 

S.P. of 

d. 1743 Scrivelsby 
d. 1702 

A. R. Maddison. 

8. — Records of Ancient Horncastle. — 

Charter Roll, 14 Henry III., Part i, M. 12. 

Henry [by the grace] of God, etc. We have inspected the 
charter of Ralph de Rodes which he made to the venerable 
father W[alter], bishop of Carlisle, in these words. 

Know all present and to come that I, Ralph de Rodes, have 
given, granted, and by this my present Charter have confirmed, 
to W[alter], bishop of Carlisle, for his homage and service, 
my Manor of Horncastre. To have and to hold to the same 
bishop and to his heirs in fee and inheritance, fi'eely, quietly 
and entirely, with the soke, and with the advowsons of the 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 17 

churches, and with all other things to the same manor and 
soke pertaining in all places and things ; doing therefore to me 
and my heirs the service of one knight's fee for all service and 
custom, and all demands pertaining to me and my heirs, which 
are wont, or ought, or can be axacted for the land or tenements. 
And I, Ralph de Rodes, and my heirs will warrant, acquit, and 
defend this manor, with the soke and advowsons of the 
churches, and with all other things pertaining to it, to the 
aforesaid bishop and his heirs against the lord the king, and all 
other Christians or Jews, concerning all services, customs, 
debts and demands, and all other pleas and plaints by the 
aforesaid service of one knight's fee, as is aforesaid. And that 
this my gift, grant and confirmation may obtain strength of 
security I have confirmed this present writing by the defence 
of my Seal. 

These being witnesses [Josceline] bishop of Bath. R[ichard] 
bishop of Durham. The Lord S. de Segrave. The Lord 
R. Fitz Nicholas, Seneschal of the lord the king. Hugh 
Dispensar. W. de Raleg'. R. de l^exinton. Master Robert 
de Scherdelawe, W. de London, Richard de Reinger, then 
Justices of the lord the king of the Bench. Stephen de 
Stranda, Odard de Wigeton. Hugh de Seretley. Alexander 
de Kametto, and others. 

We therefore holding the aforesaid gift, grant and confirma- 
tion firm and acceptable, for us and our heirs do grant and 
confirm it with our seal, as the aforesaid charter of the aforesaid 
Ralph de Rodes, which the aforesaid bishop has thereof testifies. 

These being witnesses. J[osceline], bishop of Bath. 
R[ichard], bishop of Durham. H. de Burg, Earl of Kent, 
Justice of England. Stephen de Segrave. Ralph Fitz 
Nicholas. Philip de Albiniaco. William de Raleg'. Robert 
de Lexinton. Gervase, archdeacon of Carlisle. Hugh de 
Pateshall. Hugh Dispensar. Bartholomew Peche. G^flrey 
Dispensar. Henry de Capella. Peter Grimkald. Geof&ey 
de Cauz. Robert de Cokefeld, and others. Given by the 
hand of the venerable father R. bishop of Chichester, and our 
Chancellor, at Westminster, on the 7th day of February, in 
the 14th year of our reign. [A.D. 1229-30]. 

Harl. Chart., 58 H., 42, B.M. 25 OSober, 

14 Henry III. [A.D. 1230I. 

[These copies are (i) Copy of grant to Walter, bishop of 

about Edw. L] Carlisle, of a market at Horncastre, 

to last for seven days. 
Vol. 4 c (2) 

1 8 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

. (2) Henry by the grace of God King of England, 
lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, 
and Earl of Anjou, to the archbishops, bishops, 
abbots, priors, earls, barons, justices, sherifis, 
reeves, ministers, and all our bailifis and faithful 
people, greeting. Know ye that we have 
granted and by our present charters confirmed 
to the venerable father Walter, bishop of 
Carlisle, that he and his heirs for ever may have 
one Fair at their manor of Horncastre every 
year, which may commence two days before the 
Eve of St. Barnabas the Apostle to last for 
eight days, that is to say, until the Eve of 
St. Botulph, besides that feir which they have 
in the same manor every year at the Feast of 
St. Laurence, unless the aforesaid fair may be 
to the annoyance of the neighbouring fairs. 
Wherefore we will and firmly command that 
the aforesaid bishop and his heirs may for ever 
have the aforesaid fair well and in peace, freely, 
quietly and entirely, with all liberties and free 
customs to the aforesaid fair pertaining, as is 

These are witnesses. H. de fiurgh. Earl of 
Kent, Justiciary of England. Stephen de 
Segrave. Ralph son of Nicholas. Godfrey de 
Craucumbe. John son of Philip. Richard 
Fitz Hugh. Bartholomew Peche. Walter de 
Kirkeham. Nicholas de Nevil. Hugh de 
Pateshall. Henry de Capella, and others. 

Given by the hand of the venerable father 
Ralph bishop of Chichester, our Chancellor, at 
Portesmue, on the 1 8th day of April, in the 
14th year of our reign. [A.D. 1230]. 

W. Boyd. 

9. Parish Registers : Transcription and Publica- 
tion. — In 1889 the Congress of Archaeological Societies in 
union with the Society of Antiquaries appointed a small 
committee for the purpose of considering the best means of 
assisting the transcription and publication of Parish Registers 
and Records. This committee in 1892 printed a paper of 
^^ Suggestions " which might '^ prove useful to those anxious to 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 9 

assist in the preservation, transcription, and, where possible, 
publication of the documents referred to.** (See Report on the 
Transcription and Publication of Parish Registers^ i^c. [Lond. : 
Society of Antiquaries], 1892, 8vo., pp. i6). 

In addition to the useful ^^Suggestions," pp. 1-4, the 
committee has printed five lists of Parish Registers extraded 
from the privately-printed pamphlet on the same subjed by 
Dr. Geo. W. Marshall, Rouge Croix, Herald's College, 1891, 
and continued the same up to date (1892^. These Lists, 
arranged under Counties and Places, are as follows : — 

No. I. Parish Registers printed as separate works. 

No. 2. Parish Registers printed in other works (Books 

and Periodicals). 
No. 3. Original Registers and Bishop's Transcripts in the 

British Museum Library. 
No. 4. Registers of other Churches in all Classes (Roman, 

Nonconformist, and Foreign Churches). 
No. 5. Parish Registers transcribed in AdS. 

As it is most important that these Lists should be made as 
complete and accurate as possible, I shall be glad to hear of 
any Lincolnshire Parish Registers and Records that have been 
either printed or transcribed which do not appear in the above 

In List No. I, Lincolnshire stands thus : — 

Great Grimsby, 1533-1812. G. S. Stephenson, M.D. 

1 889. 8vo. 
Horncastle, 1559-1639. Rev. J« C. Hudson. 1892. 

Irby-upon-Humber, 1 558-1 785. F. A. Crisp. 1890. 

Stubton, 1577-1628. F. A. Crisp. 1883. Fol. 

In List No. 2, Lincolnshire is only represented bv 

Horncastle, 1 559-1 639. Parish Magazine, 1808 et seq. 

In Lists Nos. 3, 4, and 5, Lincolnshire is totally unrep- 

To List No. I should be added — 

Holbeach, 1606 and 161 3-1 641, being some part of 
the missing portion supplied from the Transcripts 
at Lincoln, by the Rev .G. W. Macdonald. 1 892. 

To Lists Nos. 2, 3, and 4, nil (can anyone fill up these gaps ?) 


20 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

To List No. 5, Scrivclsby and Dalderby, 1566-18 12, by the 
Rev. Canon Lodge. 
Roughton, 1 564-1 8 1 2, by the Rev. Canon Lodge. 
There are, I believe, not a few transcripts of Lincolnshire 
Parish Registers the report of which I shall be glad to receive 
and insert in the pages of Lines. N. £sf ^ 

Thornton^ Horncastle, J. Clare Hudson. 

10. An Account of some Ancient Arms and Utensils 
FOUND IN Lincolnshire, chiefly in the Bed of the River 


SCOURED OUT IN 1787 AND 1 788. — (Continued from Vol. IIL 
p. 236). 

Misshe Weapons marked D, 

It appears reasonable to expe£t that out of a given number of 
weapons found, as these have been, chiefly in places where the 
fortune of war had deposited them, the missive would bear a 
large proportion, as the chances of their being lost when 
proje6led from engines so infinitely exceed those of weapons 
intended to remain till the last extremity in the grasp of their 

But finding them, as is the case, fall extremely short in 
proportion to the number of weapons intended for fighting 
hand to hand is a hA highly illustrating the veracity of those 
authors, who assert that although the bow was used by our 
British, it was not by our Saxon or Danish ancestors, in hA 
men of determined courage (and such the adventurers who 
came here for plunder from the Continent certainly were) must 
bear down all opposition made by missive weapons, these often 
missing their mark, while the determined man with his short 
dagger never foils, if he is not struck down, to come to close 
quarters with his antagonist. 

D I, Tab. 7, is beautifully formed and in excellent preserva- 
tion. It weighs I ounce 89 grains Avoirdupois, consequently 
is too heavy for a hand bow, and we have no reason from 
history to suppose that such bearded arrows were ever shot 
from the cross-bow, for which quarrels or square-pointed bolts 
were universally used as being fittest for piercing armour. 
This then must have been the arrow of one of the smaller 
kind of military engines, and of the contrivance or even the 
names of such engines, though our ancestors used them 
abundantly, we are left almost wholly in the dark. It was 
found in the Witham near Fiskerton, 1788. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 21 

Fig. D 2, Tab, i, weighs more than 7J ounces Avoirdupois, 
and has an opening large enough to admit a shaft as thick as a 
moderate broom stick. This must therefore have belonged to 
one of the larger kind of military engines in {Bibliotheca 
Topographica 'Britannica^'So. ii, p. 73, pi 2, No. lo), a barbed 
dart head is delineated, said to be two feet long, which was 
found in the bed of the Welland. 

The term Pheon in heraldry, which has hitherto been 
supposed to take its origin from the bolt of a cross-bow, is 
much more likely to have been derived from a weapon like 
this, which is barbed. The bolt of a crossbow seems to have 
been always forged square, whence its name. Quarrell, from 
Carre, which is sometimes written Quarre'. It was found in 
the Witham near Bardney, 1787. 

j/xes and Hatchets^ bfc, marked E. 

As the reasoning upon which some of these are considered 
as weapons, and others as intended for parade, mav be thought 
more imaginary than real, and the whole number oe considered 
as tools of industry, I have put them together under one letter, 
promising myself, entitled by that method, to indulge conjec- 
ture without being under the necessity to bring strict proof, as 
in cases like this gratuitous argument is generally the whole 
we can have to guide us. 

£ I, a Hatchet, resembling very nearly in feshion those used 
at present. The man who found it ground and helved it and 
proved it to be reasonably good. It was found in tne Witham 
near Fiskerton in 1788. 

£ 2, by the narrowness and weight of this tool it was 
probablv used for felling. The eye is large and the overlap 
hilt welded so that it does not much credit either to the age in 
which it was used or the workman who made it. It was found 
in the Witham near Bardney, 1787. 

{To be continued,) 

II. Feet of Fines, Lincoln, Henry VII. — 

4 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1888]. 
9. On the Morrow of All Souls. 

Between John Gygour, Master or Warden, and the chaplains 
of the College and Almshouse of the Holy Trinity, of Tateshale, 
plaintiils, and John Newton and Isabella his wife, deforciants 
of the manor of Withcall, and 500 acres of land, 600 acres ot 


22 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

pasture and 30J. of rent in Withcall, Cokeryngton, Hakyngton, 
Welton, Gaton and Louthe. 

John Newton and Isabel acknowledge the said manor and 
tenements to be the right of the Master, for which the Master 
gave them 100 marks. 

4 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1489]. 

10. On the Octaves of St. John the Baptist. 

Between Richard Quadryng, of Irreby, John Braytofte, of 
Burghe, Thomas Kyme, Thomas Kymc, Thomas Massing- 
berde, of Burghe, John Holden, of Irreby, and John Glene,of 
Burghe, Plaintifls, and Richard Langer, of Skremby, and Alice 
his wife Deforciants of a messuage, 46 acres of land, 2 acres 
of meadow, and 14 acres of pasture in Skremby, Grebby, and 

Richard Langer and Alice acknowledge the said tenements 
to be the right of John Holden, for which the plaintifis 
gave them ^^40. 

5 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1490.] 

11. On the Quindene of St. John the Baptist. 
Between Gervase Clyfton, knight, and Hugh Clyfton, 

esquire, Plaintifis, and Henry Rede, Deforciant of 2 messuages, 
6 tofts, 320 acres of land, 40 acres of meadow, 1 00 acres of 
pasture, i yx. of rent and a rent of the fourth part of a pound 
of pepper in Carleton, Kyme and Middlecarlton. Henry 
acknowledged the said tenements and rent to be the right of 
Gervase, for which the plaintifis gave him 100 marks. 

6 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1491J. 

12. On the Morrow of the Ascension. 

Between William Taylboys, Plaintiff, and Mar^ret Gybson, 
widow, who was the wife of Robert Gybson, Deforciant of 
2 messuages in Louthe. 

Margaret acknowledges the said messuages to be the right 
of William, for which William gave over ^20. 

6 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1491]. 

13. On the Morrow of the Ascension. 

Between Richard, bishop of Exeter, Plaintiff, and Henry 
NicoU and Joan his wife, Deforciants of 6 messuage, 8 gardens, 
50 acres of land, 30 acres of meadow, and 6 acres of pasture in 
Dunsthorp, Harauby, Houghton, Westhrop, and Grantham. 

Heniy and Joan acknowledge the said tenements to be the 
right of the bishop^ for which the bishop gave them 100 


Uftcobuhsre Notes & Queries. 23 

Margaret Fenton holds 5 messuages and 5 gardens of the 
said tenements in Grantham for her life. 

6 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1491]. 

14. On the Octaves of St. John the Baptist. 

Between Richard Hardy, Richard Stevenson, John Iryng, 
chaplain, and Richard Leke, of Wrangull, Plaintiffs, and John 
LfCek, esquire, and Rose his wife, Deforciants of 10 acres of 
pasture in Leverton. 

John Leek and Rose acknowledged the said pasture to be 
the right of John Iryng, for which the plaintifis gave them 

7 Hen. VII [a.d. 1492]. 

15. In one month from Easter Day. 

Between John^Egmanton, Plaintifi^ and Thomas Hall and 
Katherine his wife deforciants of a messuage, 27 acres of land, 
1 1 acres of meadow, 4 acres of pasture, and 4 acres of moor in 

Thomas and Katlierine acknowledged the said tenements 
to be the right of John, for which John gave them 40 marks. 

7 Hen. VII. [a.d. 1492]. 

16. On the Quindene of St. John the Baptist* 
Between John, Earl of Oxford, John Vavasour, Thomas 

Barnardeston, esquire, and Elizabeth his wife. Robert Newport, 
esquire, Thomas Underbill, and Nicholas Barnardeston, 
Plaintifis, and Thomas Pormerd, Deforciant of the manor of 
Groses, and 2 messuages, 12. tofts, 100 acres of land, 80 acres 
of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, and 40 acres of marsh in Great 
Cotes and Little Cotes. 

Thomas Pormerd acknowledges the manor and tenements 
to be the right of Nicholas, for which the plaintifis gave him 

W. BovD- 

{To bi continued.) 


12. Upton Family. — Wm. H. Upton, Esa., whose 
address is Walla Walla, Washington, U.S., would be very 
thankful to receive, at any time, any information tending to 
show the migration of any person named Upton from Lincoln- 

24 Lincoinshire Notes & ^eries. 

shire, or any other phce in England, to America, prior to 
the year 1650. Also information of connedUons between the 
Uptons and Ayscoughs before 1640, and any association of the 
name Upton with the name Repton, Ripton, Rebton, or 
Rupton. Mr. Upton may be addressed by letter. 

13. The Rev. James Fowler, M.A., Vicar of Horn- 
castle, 1 722-1 779. — Can anyone assist me by tracing the 
parentage of the Rev. James Fowler, M. A., Vicar of Horncastle 
from 1722 to 1779. ^^ ^^ entered on the Books of St. 
John's College, Oxford, in 1718, as "filius generosi," and he 
afterwards obtained a fellowship there, which, at a college 
meeting held February 23rd, 1724, was declared void by reason 
of his promotion to the living of Horncastle by the Right Rev. 
John Waugh, Bishop of Carlisle and Dean of Gloucester. 
Previous to these fads all else is at present blank. 

Brimpton, Reading, Lilian A. Fowler. 

14. The Ermine Street. — I have often heard that 
undisturbed paving-stones have been seen on the line of the 
Roman road. North of Lincoln. Though I have many times 
cvcled along that road, I have never caught sight of them. 
Can anyone say from personal knowledge where they are ? 

fFlnterton^ 7)oncaster, J. T. F. 

15. Foreign Refugees in the Isle of Axholme. — 
Will some reader of Lines, N, £sf ^ say which is the best 
historical account of the Foreign Refugees who settled at 
Sandtoft in the Isle of Axholme. Are any lists of the 
names of these people in existence ? From what part of the 
continent did they come ? De La Pyrme, who wrote on the 
subjedi^ came from Ypres in Flanders, I believe. Also, where the 
most complete copies of the Sandtoft Registers can be obtained 
or inspected. Stovin did something on the matter ; are his 
works in existenee ? 

Wryie. Egar, 

16. Field Names (Vol. III., p. 108). — Conisholme. In 
spite of the arms mentioned by Mr. Morton, I am inclined to 
think that we may look higher than ^^ Conies " for the deriva- 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 25 

tion of the name. The following interesting catena of field- 
names in the parish which 1 have lately recovered may throw 
light upon the question. 

(i.) Yerlesdale or Jerlesdale is mentioned in the Alving- 
ham Priory Register as having been given to the 
Priory j and Green, in his C^^l^^^^ ^f England 
states that the Earldom of East Anglia, which 
included part of Lincolnshire, was carved out of 
Mercia on purpose for Harold. This dale I can 
locate within a few yards, though the exa£t bounds 
are lost owing to the alterations made at the enclosure 
of the Fen Meadow. 

(2.) In a Land Sale Catalogue of 1808, when more than 
half the parish (which belonged to the Earl of 
Buckinghamshire) was sold, there is a field called 
King Harold's Six Acres. In 1828, when this was 
sold again, it had degenerated into Harry's Six Acres, 
and now it has lost the Harry. 

[If by chance any of your readers has a copy of the 
Catalogue of 1808 I should be thankful to see it, as 
mine has lost the first leaf.] 

(3.) Another field is called in the Tithe A^ard and also in 
earlier documents, "Goodwin's Garth." N.B. — 
Though we write Harold's father's name Earl 
Godwin, we always talk of the Goodwin Sands, 
which were named after him. 

(4.) Queen Editha, Harold's sister, had estates in adjoin- 
ing parishes. Conisholme is not mentioned in 
Doomsday Book. Can anyone tell me if it belonged 
to the Manor of Gayton ? 

(5.) In the Alvingham Priory Register the name is nearly 

(if not quite) always spelt Cunninesholme, or Cun- 

ingsholme, and in Tata dt Ntpule and other old 

documents, Coningsholme. 

Altogether, I think the evidence is fairly strong that it was 

Cynings-holme, the King's Island. 

Conishobnt RiSiory* T. Longley. 

17. Crowning of Jacks (Vol. III., p. 218). — As in our 
vernacular idiom ^ crowning " a thine signines striking it on the 
head or on the crown, it is more than probable that William 


26 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Hall, when he speaks of " Crowning of Jacks," that is of pike, 
means simply the capturing of them by that very primitive 

The fadl, however, it should be remarked, is not very easy 
of accomplishment, but I have seen it done. The weapon 
employed was, I recolledl, the "auger." This curious instrument, 
specially adapted for extracting eels from their lair in the mud, 
is composed of several tooth-blades which, fixed edge to edge, 
terminate at the apex in a socket suitable for the insertion of a 
long shaft. Hall may have made use of some other weapon. 

St. Martins^ Guernsey, George Markham. 

1 8. Rev. William Bowes (Vol. IIL, pp. 237-8). — A 
correspondent has furnished me with the second marriage of 
the Rev. William Bowes, the " poor parson " whom Nell 
Lister was supposed to have " ruined " by marrying. He was 
married at Burwell, 18 Nov., 1734, to Mrs. Mary Brett of 

A. R. Maddison. 

19. Sir Peter Ewers of Lincolnshire (Vol. IIL, 
p. 247). — Mr. Pink will find in Archdeacon Stonehouse's Hist. 
of the Isle of Axholme^ some account of the Eure, or Evers, 
femily. A branch of the great Yorkshire house was long 
seated at Belton in the Isle of Axholme, and also at Washing- 
borough in Co. Lincoln. 

A. R. Maddison. 

20. Barony of Stourton (Vol. IIL, p. 247), — Surely 
Mr. Taylor has only to turn to Burke's Extincf Teerage^ 
pp. 387-8, to find the information he requires. On the death 
of Edward 9th Duke of Norfolk in 1777, the heirs general of 
the senior line of the Howards were the daughters and co-heirs 
of Mr. Philip Howard, his younger brother. The elder was 
Lady Stourton ; the younger Lady Petre. Between these the 
Barony of Mowbray was in abeyance till called out by the crown 
in favour of Lord Stourton in 1878. The Barony of Seagrave 
was in abeyance between the Howards and Berkeleys ever 
sinee the 15th century till it was called out also in favour of 
Lord Stourton in 1878. 

A. R. Maddison. 

21. Booned Road (Vol. IIL, p. 249). — Have your cor- 
respondents referred to the New English Dictionary \ It is 
there shewn that Boon is first a prayer or request, then 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 27 

the matter prayed for or asked, then a favour or gift, and 
with the special sense of ^ an unpaid service due by a tenant 
to his lord^" whence boon-day, boon-loaf (a loaf allowed to a 
tenant when working on a boon-day), boon-man, boon- work ; 
also boon-ploughing, boon-shearing, a day's work given gratuit- 
ously to a former by his neighbours. Pncaria is the Latin 
equivalent of " boon-work." Hence the verb "to boon," to do 
boon-work, to mend roads, perhaps, says Dr. Murray, probably, 
may we not say ? as one of the chief forms of boon-work. 
The words Boonage and Booning are used of doing boon- 

May I take this opportunity of recommending all interested 
in etymology to consult the great work to which I have 
referred whenever it is possible, or if not, the shorter but 
complete Di<5tionary of Professor Skeat, especially before airing 
conje£hires in print. 

J. T. Fowler. 

In a provincial sense Boon is a gift or service asked or sued 
for. "Will you give me a boon ?" is not an uncommon phrase 
in the Eastern Counties. Boon, to repair a highwaysalcel 
bou A.S. ben or bene. Dau bou — ^a Petition, defuied by 
Atkinson as an euphemistic description of a necessary service, 
one of the duties of the Surveyor being "to call together all the 
Inhabitants of the Parish six days in every year to Labour in 
Repairing the Highways. All persons keeping Draughts or 
occupying Lands being obliged to send a Team for every 
Draught, and for every ^50 a year which they keep or occupy, 
and aU other persons to work or find a Labourer." [Markstone^ 
com. edit, 1766, vol. i., p. 358.) Thus, on boon-days men gave 
their services with their teams for repairing the roads, material 
being taken from the road sides or adjoining lands. The 
Surveyor was boon-master. ( TSrogden), 

The same term I have heard in Ohio, U.S.A., years ago 
Certain days were named on which citizens could work out 
their Tax by repairing Highways. These days were called 
Boon-days, the work Booning — a necessary service, but 
scarcely considered a tax. At this work there was an under- 
standing that no man was to take his coat off or make himself 
sweat, under a penalty. 

A modern authority claims the derivation of Boon from 
O.E. bone or boin — z petition, that which is asked or granted 
as a benefit or fovor, a gift, benefadion, grant, or present. 


28 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

** Every good gift (or giving) and every perfed hccn is from above." — 

Jamai., 17 (Revised version). 

" For which to Ood he made so many an idle Boon." — ^etuer, 

Skeat claims boon as Scandenavian, but this is disputed by 
Wedgewood, who would derive it from the French boftj used in 
an Archiac sense, good pleasure, desire. Boon- days were days 
on which tenants were bound to work for their lord gratis. 
(HalliweU.) To boon or beun, to do a service to another. 

A Booned Road may be a road made by adjoining occupiers 
or others interested, dedicated for public use, and accepted by 
the authorities. I have known several roads of this kind. 

Wryde. S. Egar. 

*•* !•> !•> !•> t.9\ <fc <fc <•> <fc Xfc ^1 Jfc ^1 ^1 ^•> <•> <•> <•> <•> t.9\ ^•> «•> xfc l#t l#t ^♦t ^%. xfc ^1 ttl <fc !•> ttl 


Thi HoUfiach Parish Register of SaptismSy Marriages^ and 
Burials^ A.D. 1606 and 1613-1641 [except the years 161 7, 
1626, 1629, 1636, and 1637] ; some part of its Missing Portion 
extending ttper many years^ supplied from the Transcripts in the 
Bishop^s Register at Lincoln^ with Notes on the Names mentioned 
from fVillSy etCj and Alphabetically arranged^ by the Rev. Grant 
W. Macdonald, M.A., Vicar of St. Mark's, Holbeach 5 also 
A Paper read by him before the Spalding Gentleman's Society, 
4th November, 1891. [Printed for subscribers]. Lincoln: 
J. Williamson, 1892. 8vo., pp. xvi., 173. 

At first sight this is a somewhat difficult book to understand, 
first, because the binder's title — "Holbeach Register" — is 
delusive, and, secondly, because the adual amount of the 
Parish Register missing, but fortunately found in the Bishop's 
Transcripts, is small. Nevertheless, Mr. Macdonald is to be 
congratulated on having put into print so much useful 
historical information respecting the important town of 
Holbeach., These records and notes will be invaluable to the 
future historian of that place, and in their interests we tender 
Mr. Macdonald our warmest thanks. 

His paper read before the Spalding Gentleman's Society 
(pp. v.-xvi.) picks out the plums of these 29 years' transcripts, 
which include 723 baptisms, 287 marriages, and 205 burials, 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 29 

and is full of historical as well as local information concerning 
the Holbeach Registers.* 

Passing over the a£tual transcripts of the Christenings, 
Marriages, and Burials (pp. 1-65), which are arranged alphabeti- 
cally, we come next to his valuable Notes about past Inhabitants 
of Holbeach from the foregoing Register^ from trills examined at 
Lincoln and other sources^ pp. 66-86, containing a Pedigree of 
Dr. W. Stukeley. These Notes are replete with much out-of- 
the-way and reliable information. 

Next follows Some, stray Items from the old Parish Registers 
of Holbeach Churchy A.D. 1560-1788, the names being arranged 
tn Alphabetical order ^ pp. 87-109. 

Then the Landowners of Holbeach^ A/D. '^991 collected from 
Parish Terriers and alphabetically arranged in A.D. 1892, 
pp. 100-147. 

Then The Bounds of the Parish of HoUeeach 200 "^ears 2g0j 
as given us by William Vepper^ whom Dr. Stukeley informs us 
was the Parish Clerk and a tenant of Mr, John Stuhley bis 
father^ pp. 148-155. An Index 6f Persons, Places, and Subje£b 
closes a work full of valuable information, the fa£b of which 
are certainly not to be gathered either from the Title page of 
the volume in question or the binder's title, which would 
have far better been " Holbeach Records." 

Parish Memorials relating to Norton Disney ^ by the Vicar. 
Newark: Whiles. 1893. Pp. 136; with five illustrations. 

This is another of the parish histories which we gladly 
notice from time to time as material for buildine up our great 
County History of the future. There are few better services 
that an educated man can do to his neighbours in a country 
place than to interest them in the history and its surviving 
memorials of their own home, and few men have such oppor- 
tunity for this as country vicars. The work ought not to be 
ambitious, and the author's apology for his simplicity is hardly 
needed, but it must be — as this is — the painstaking work of 
one who himself feels the interest. 

This is a second edition, in a revised and improved form, of 
some notes, rather like village lectures, drawn up by the Rev. 
G. Roberts primarily for his parishioners. After some intro- 
ductory remarks on the neighbourhood — the rather dismal 

* See alto Mr. Macdonald't HUtcrical Notket ofth* Pariik ofHo&*ack^ 1890, p. 228. 


30 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

moor between Lincoln and Newark — ^we have a chapter, show- 
ing great pains to be clear, on the short entry in Domesday j 
then historic notices of the Disney family from whom the 
village derives its specific name ; then the later owners since 
the extin£Uon of the Disney line in 1694; and finally the 
places of interest in the parish, which consist of a small 
entrenched camp, the site of the moated manor-house, and the 
remarkable memorials in the parish church. 

Mr. Roberts has in his remote and seldom-visited parish a 
subjeft of more than average interest among our county 
villages. It is four miles from Swinderby station, seven from 
Newark, and eleven from Lincoln, and is v&ry inaccessible, 
but nevertheless has much to repay a visit. " r ew lordships,** 
as Mr. Roberts says, have descended with so unbroken a line 
of succession. There are two tables of pedigree, tracing the 
Disneys (who are said to derive their name from Isigny near 
Bayeux) from Lambert, the. reputed ancestor of the English 
line, to Molineux Disney who died sine prole in 1694, nine 
years after his only son died on the scaffold for participation in 
the Monmouth rebellion. Thus for 600 years the lordship 
was in the occupation of one name, with the exception of a 
single break in the case of John Hamsterley, who married a 
Disney in the 15th century. Molineux Disney, even before 
his son's unhappy end, had sold the estate to the second Duke 
of Albemarle, son of the famous General Monk. On his 
widow's death the succession devolved on Sir Walter Clarges, 
in whose descendants it continued for the next 150 years, 
passing then to the Jervis family. Viscounts St. Vincent, the 
honourable tradition of whose family was well sustained by the 
late Viscount (the 4th), who was killed at the battle of Abu- 
Klea in the Soudan in 1885. 

The church is of no great architedural interest, though of 
sufficient variety to afford a text for a simple le^ure on the 
dates of its several parts, and is much disfigured by a lath and 
plaster cieling to the nave, and by serious mutilations of 
Puritan times. But in resped of its monuments it comes into 
a front rank in the county. First comes a beautiful effigy 
under a recessed arch of a lady of the first half of the 14th 
century. Next is a remarkable sunk half-effigy under a canopy 
with a cross below the waist, of the same character as slabs at 
Kingerby (also of a Disney) and Washingborough in this 
county. Then comes a knight in armour, set on a later altar- 
tomb. Next is the effigy of Hautascia Disney, late 14th 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 31 

century, in a close-fitting dress with buttons all down the front. 
Last comes the remarkable brass of William and Richard 
Disney, cut, for economy's sake, on a brass still bearing on the 
reverse its original Dutch inscription, of which a full descrip- 
tion has already been given in our Brass Supplement, Illustra- 
tions or photographs of all these, except the third, are very 
wisely given. 

There are a few slips, such as "plymth," whimple,** "^«/'* 
(for ane)i &c. The husband of Hautascia Disney (who is 
given as " hautacia ") appears in the extraordinary form of 
" IBUi," for the obvious " Will.'* But taken altogether, Mr. 
Roberts has done very creditable work, which we hope will be 
appreciated by others besides his parishioners. 

Consideraciones Temperiei pro 7 jfnntSy per Magistrum 
Wtllebnum Merle^ Socium Domns de Merton, Reproduced and 
Translated under the supervision of G. J. Symons, F.R.S. 
London: Edward Stanford. 1891. Fol. [pp. ix. 10.] 

Amongst the Worthies of Lincolnshire should surely be 
included the name of William Merle, some time Redor of 
Driby, to whom, on the competent authority of Mr. G. I, 
Symons, of British Rainfall fame, "remains the distinction of 
being the first man in the world to keep a journal of the 
weather." This journal, ranging over the 7 years 1337 to 
1344, has been preserved in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, 
written in Latin on vellum, and bound up, together with 
another MS. of his on Weather Prognostications and other 

treatises on like subjeds, in a small folio volume (Digby MSS. 

Digby. bv 
whom it was presented to the Bodleian in 1634. This Mo. 

176), bearing on its sides the arms of Sir Kenelm Digby, b^ 

was known to Dr. Plot, the antiquary of Charles U.'s time, 
who, in a notice of it published in 1685, speaks of its author, 
somewhat erroneously, as "the industrious Walter Merle, 
Fellow of Merton College, who observed the weather here at 
Oxford every day of the month, seven years together, viz., 
from Jan. 1337 to Jan. 1344, the MSS. of which observations 
are yet remaining; in the Bodleyan Library." But from that 
time the MS. had escaped notice until 1891, when it was re- 
discovered, and promptly reproduced and made public. It gives 
an account of the weather every month from Jan. 1337 to Jan. 
1344, when it breaks abruptly off; and its observations show 
that its author lived not only at Oxford where he held a 
Fellowship at Merton, but also in some part of Lindsey, not 


32 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

far from the N.E. coast. The place is not mentioned, but 
seems to be sufficiently identified as Driby by the entry in Bp. 
Burghersh's Register that William, son of William Merle was 
admitted to the Reftory of Driby, on the presentation of, John 
Harsyh,on 13 May, 1 331, and that his successor was instituted 
after his death in 1 347 ; his incumbency thus including the 7 
years over which his journal extends. Here is a specimen of 
it: — "A.D. 1343, March 28th. Stormy with a very strong 
N.W. wind, and with hail, rain, snow very often in the day. 
At mid-day there was an earthquake, which was so great that 
in certain parts of Lyndesay the stones in the chimneys fell 
down, after shaking in very great agitation, and it lasted long 
enough for the ^Salutatio angelica' to be distinctly said. . . . 
The afore-mentioned earthquake was not felt at Oxford." It 
remains only to add that Wm. Merle's Journal has been 
excellently reproduced under Mr. Symons' supervision, forming 
a thin folio volume, of which 100 copies only have been 
printed, the ten pages of the original Mo. being given in fac- 
simile, with a translation by Miss Parker on the opposite page. 

Obituaky. — Lincolnshire has just loss a Worthy who has for the last 50 yean 
been the prime mover in the conservation of its ancient Buildings, and whose 
knowledge of nearly every Church in the County was unsurpassed — the Bishop of 
Nottingham — Dr. Edward Trollope, who died at Leasingham Re^ory on Sunday, 
Dec. loth, aged 76. His writings on historical and archaeological subjects are very 
numerous, indeed one has only to open any one of the XX. vols, of the Associated 
Architectural Societies' Reports to find some record of an interesting archaeological 
feature conneded with the County from his versatile pen. 

He will long be remembered as the beau ideal of an archaeological CSevrow, ever 
ready to impart knowledge to the annual gatherings of the Lincolnshire 
Architedbiral Society. The memory of this true Lincolnshire Worthy will 
not readily be efiaced. 

A LiNcoLNSHiRK CxNTiNAftiAN. — At Thomton, near Homcastle, on the eleventh 
of December, 1893, died Mrs. Elizabeth Daubney, who completed her one hundred 
and second year the preceding Friday (Dec. 8th). She was the daughter of John 
and Mary Atkin, and was born at Legsby near Market Rasen on Dec 8th, I79r, 
and baptised in Legsby Church on Dec. nth, 1791. She married first John Panton 
of Belchford, at Lynwood Church, and brought up a family of ten children. Her 
husband died in 1840 and is buried in St. Mary's Churchyard, Horncastle. She 
married secondly William Daubney of Firsby, who is also dead and is buried in 
Holy Trinity Churchyard, Horncastle. At tJie age of 97 she determined to go to 
London and live with her daughter there, but she soon returned to Horncastle, and 
finally settled down in lodgings at Thornton, where she led a quiet uneventful life 
of five years, passing away after only two days' illness ; recalling our late Poet 
Laureate's lines in '* The Grandmother " — 


And age is a time of peace, so it be free from pain. 

And happy has been my life ; but I could not live it again. 

I seem to be a little tired, that's all, and long for rest." 




Notes & Queries. 


DLBEACH High Cross.— The scholarly 
author of Murray's Hondbool^for Lincaln- 
shire, in his brier description of Holbeach, 
alludes to the Parish Church ; to the Hos- 
pital of All Saints ; and to the High 
Cross. All three were situated in near 
proximity, and he says, "they must have 
formed a remarkable architectural group." The glorious 
Parish Church happily remains, and in its external features, 
presents much the same appearance as it did live hundred years 
ago, except that the mellowing influence of time has softened 
and subdued its venerable aspe&, and added a richer hue to its 
grey stone. The Hospital of All Saints, built immediately 
opposite the North side of the Church on the site now occupied 
by the Chequers Inn, has completely disappeared — no stone 
remains in situ — and it is much to be deplored that no drawing, 
plan, or elevation of this 14th century building (so far as i 
have been able to ascertain) is now in existence. The High 
Cross — or Market Cross, as it is frequently styled — has also 
disappeared. In this case, however, we are fortunate in 
possessing Stukeley's drawing — roughly executed and much 
out of perspeflive — which enables us to form a feirly accurate 
conception, not only of its general design but also of its details. 
From this imperfe^ sketch, the accompanying illustration has 
been prepared, but no undue liberty has been taken with the 
Vol. 4. — No. 26. April. d design. 

34 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

design. A careful examination of the constru6lional thrusts 
will show that Stukeley's building would be of doubtful stability. 
This has now been redified. The buttresses and arches have 
been given their proper measures so as to carry the groining 
with safety, and the structure generally has been depided with 
some regard to perspedive. For much valuable aid in recover- 
ing the plan and corred proportions, and for the drawing itself 
from which the photographic reproduction has been made, I 
am indebted to my friend, E. W. Cox, Esq., of Liverpool. 
The interest which has of late years been re-awakened in the 
architedural works of the middle ages must be my apology for 
an attempt to keep alive the memory of this unique and 
pi£hiresque relic of my native town. The Cross which I 
propose to describe was the successor of an earlier Cross. Of 
this earlier Cross we have indeed very little authentic informa- 
tion. We can however approximately fix the date of its 
ere&ion and the causes which led thereto. In the year 1252 
Thomas de Multon, lord of Holbeach and Egremont, obtained 
a licence from King Henry III. to hold a Market and a Fair 
at Holbeach. The Market was to be held weekly on Thurs- 
day, and the Fair was to last two days, namely, on the Eve 
and the day of St. Michael. No mention of, or allusion to, a 
Cross has been found in any document previous to that date. 
About twenty years later, during the reign of Edward I., a 
Special Commission was issued for the purpose of taking 
certain Inquisitions which are contained in what are known as 
the " Hundred Rolls.*' From these documents it appears that 
the Prior of Spalding had a Fishery on the river bank, and that 
he could levy " a toll as for as the Cross of Holbeach." This 
clearly proves that in the year 1273 ^ Cross existed, and 
that it was a landmark sufficiently known and recognised to be 
referred to in an important State Document. We may, I 
think, not unreasonably conclude that when the lord of 
Eeremont obtained the Market (1252) he also caused the 
A^irket Cross to be built. As to its form, size, and ornamen- 
tation we cannot speak with any definite exadbiess. Those 
crosses set up in early times were generally both in intention 
and design &r more simply and corre£Uy crosses than those of a 
later date. Often remarkable for size and altitude, and ornate 
in detail, they stridly preserved the cruciform shape, and to this 
the architedlural decorations were always carefully subordinated. 
Ereded to commemorate the establishment of a Market at a 
time when chivalrous lords were returning from the Holy Land, 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 35 

the stones of this ancient Cross may have been worn by the knees 
of that nameless Crusader who founded the Saracen's Head.* 
Be this as it may, it formed a fitting companion to the venerable 
Norman Church which then existed. It stood a silent witness 
to its fall, it saw the consecration of the first stone of the new 
church, it watched all through that busy building period until 
finally it beheld the noble parish church much as we see it to- 
day. The old order was rapidly giving place to the new, and 
in its turn, after an existence of less than two centuries, it fell 
before the restless spirit of the age. 

We know that the glorious parish church was fully completed 
before the close of the 14th century, and we can well imagine 
that many of the masons who had been employed on this great 
work would still be living in the town — some of them had 
probably helped to quarry and convey the stone from Barnack 
— ^and they must frequently have seen some of those superb 
Eleanor Crosses which the old people of that day would 
remember being built. Within the county — at Lincoln, 
Grantham, and Stamford — and in the neighbouring county — 
at Northampton and Geddington — Eleanor Crosses had l)een 
ereded. Thus within easy distance, five of these magnificent 
strudures existed, and were attrading universal attention 
amongst the building fraternity. The restless building adivity 
which charaderized the period, and the desire to emulate the 
architediural works which were then progressing, is quite 
sufficient to account for the demolition of the old Cross and 
the erediion of a more elaborate and stately structure in the 
&shion, or architedural style then prevailing. As to the exad 
position it occupied, it is difficult to speak with absolute 
certainty. It may have stood at the extreme N. W. angle of 
the churchyard, on the site occupied by the present Market 
House, but the weight of evidence would rather point to the 
opposite side of the river, to the house at the corner of Church 
Street and Spalding Road. This was formerly the old Market 
House. It certainly stood very near to the Bridge, which crossed 
the river at this point — High Cross Bridge it is designated in 
all ancient documents. Standing there at the intersedion of 
five roads it would attrad the attention of the traveller in 
whichever diredion he journeyed. Let me then, as briefly as 
possible, give some account of its form, archite&ural style, and 
of its ornamentation and enrichment. 

* A hamlet • mile and a half from Holbeach, on the Old Sea Bank. 


36 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Its form was pentagonal, and it stood on a pentagonal Calvary 
of three steps. These steps were all plain, though it is not at all 1 

uncommon to find in similar stru6iures, the lower steps benched 
for the accommodation of the market people. On the upper- 
most step is the platform of the Cross — a pentagon with canted 
angles. From this platform rise five massive buttresses, divided 
into three stages by plain set-ofB. The plinths are moulded, 
and the outer face of the buttresses are ornamented by panel- j 

ing, each panel being finished with pointed arches containing 1 

trefoiled cuspings. The inner faces of the buttresses are 1 

worked into attached vaulting shafts, with moulded bases and 
caps. These with the buttresses carry a groined roof with 
moulded ribs — the vaulting cells correspond to the five moulded 
arches connecting the buttresses. The spandrels are decorated 
with trefoils. Above this is a plain cavetto moulding carrying 
the parapet. This parapet is bold and efFe£Uve, divided into 
three panels by vertical bars. The centre panels in each face 
carry shields of arms. On the two shields depicted in the view 
are sculptured the arms of De Multon — Argent^ 3 bars gules — 
and the arms of Holbeach — A Chevron^ engrailed. The two 
panels on either side of the armorial panel contain circles 
enclosing quartrefoil cuspings. From the upper set-offs of the 
buttresses rise square pinnacles, which are set diagonally. 
They are ornamented at the lower moulding of the parapet 
with gurgoyles, through which a water-drain issues. The 
pinnacles rise above the parapet, and terminate with richly- 
crocketed gablets, crowned by a carved finial. 

Above the parapet, and from behind it, the roof rises in two 
steps, or tiers, carrying a pentagonal spire elaborately crocketed 
at the angles. This is surmounted by a large sculptured 
capping, which has the appearance of having been intended to 
support a statue or some heraldic animal, such a finish being 
more common in secular work than a cross, although the latter 
would have been more appropriate. 

The whole strudure is a masterly composition. It exhibits 
that style of architecture which characterized the early years 
of the 15th century, to which date its ereCtion may be 
attributed. For simplicity, for dignity, and for elegance of 
design, it had few rivals. ' 

Can any reader of Lines. N. feT ^^rnish authentic informa- 
tion on the foUowine; points ? (<?) Date of ereCtion ; (b) Date 
of demolition ; (r) Site. 

Mount Pleasant^ Liverpool. Henry Pbbt, F.S.A. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries 


23. Some Lincolnshire Pedigrees from the Plea 
Rolls. — Feeling it is the wish of the Editors and the readers 
of Lines, N. (ff ^., that all subscribers should record in its pages 
any historical notes they may meet in their reading relating to 
Lincolnshire, I hope to be able to give some ^^ gatherings^ from 
that excellent quarterly The Genealogist^ now edited by Mr. 
Keith W. Murray, F.S.A^ and trust other readers may give 
"gleanings'* from other periodicals. Some very interesting 
Lincolnshire pedigrees have from time to time being given by 
Major-General the Hon. George Wrottesley, in his extra£b 
from the Plea Rolls for the last few years in The Genealogist 
(from page 242 of Vol. 7 to the present time), I cannot do 
better than commence by giving extra£b from General 
Wrottesley*s ** notes," but before doing so, I will preface them 
by the General's heading to his ^ articles." 

"The following notes from the Plea Rolls in the Public 
Record Office, have been taken at various times whilst engaged 
in searching the Rolls of the Courts of Law for such that 
throw light on the History of Staffordshire. In the progress of 
examining the records for this objefl, I came frequently upon 
cases which are of considerable interest for the history of other 

De Banco, Mich., 4 Ed. III., m. 306, dorso. 

Northampton. Antony de Lucv and John de Multon, of 
Egremond, sued John de Claveryng for the manor of 
Rodeston, the pleadings gave this pedigree. 





William de Forttbnt 
living ttmf. Hen. III. 





John de Multon 


{Genea.j vol. 8, p. 153). 

ob. Lp. 


, I 




de Lucy 




Lincolnshire Notes & ^wties. 

De Banco. Mich., 7 £d» £11., m. 222. 

Line. William de Calthrop, Cfhivaler sued the Abbot of 
Croyland for one third of the manor of Gedeneye (Gedney). 

£la=j=Hervey de Stanhowe, Lord of Stanhowe and 
I Berewyk. co. Norfolk. 



£la=j=Walter de Calthrop 
William tLe PUintiff 

(Ginea.j vol. 8, p. 245). 

De Banco. Easter, 7 Edw. III., m. 77. 

Lincoln. James de Ros sued the Abbot of Croyland for the 
advowson of the church of Gedeneye. The pleadings give 
this pedigree. 

Fulk de Oyry, te/Kp, Hen. III. 




i I 

Joan^Reyner £la=Hervey de 

de Burgo Stanhowe, 

3 5 Hen. III. 5 5 Hen. III. 

William who 


Robert le 


the Abbot 




Roger de 


of her 



le Constable 
35 Hen. III. 

Simon, who 

Robert de 
Ros, father 

of Jamea 




Giles de 
35 Hen. III. 





Philip le 


{Ginia.y vol. 9, p. 7). 

De Banco. Hillary, 7-8 Ed. IIL, m. 259, dorso. 

Line. John son of Adam son of John de Repinghale sued 
John de Stonore and Matilda his wife for the manor of 
Repinghale, which Bernard de Brus had given to Adam son 
of John de Repinghale and Constance his wife. 

John de Repinghale 

Adam {tempt Ed. I.)=T=Conitance 
John the Plaintiff 

(Genea.y vol. 9, p. 8). 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 39 

De Banco. Mich., 9 Ed. III., m. 353. 

Line. Robert son of John Corny n sued Roger Comyn and 
Agnes his wife and other tenants for land at Ulseby near 
wotton, which William de Ros of Hamelake had given to 
Alice his daughter. 

WiUiam de Rof of Hamelmke 
Alice, ttmp, £d. I. 


Robert the PlaintiflT 

Gema^ vol. 9, p. 13). 

De Banco. Mich., 9 Ed. III., m. 435. 
Line. Thomas brother of John son of Ralph de Rocheford 
sued Saer son of Ralph de Rocheford, chivaler, for a third of 
the manor of Fenne in the vill of St. Both'o, Skirbeck, and 
Toft near Freston, as his purparty of the inheritance of Ralph 
de Rocheford, the said manor being held of the fee of Riche- 
mund, and partly of the soke of Richemund, which was partible 
among male heirs, and he gave this pedigree. 



J n 

Peter Thomat 

I ob. t.p. ob. s.p. 


Saer Tonn Thomas 


{Gerna.^ vol. 9, p. 13). 

De Banco. Easter, 10 Ed. III., m. 35. 

Line. Philip de Albini sued Nicholas Belon and Robert de 
Stanford for land in Brendebroghton, and he sued Richard de 
Waldegrave, chivaler, for two parts of the manor of Brende- 
broghton and the advowson of the church of the same, which 
Oliva daughter of Alan fitz Jordan had given to Oliver de St. 
George and Amabel his wife. 

Oliver de St. George^Amabel 





Philip de Albini, the plaintiff 


40 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

It will be seen that one of the descendants of Oliver St. 
George had taken the name of Albini. 
{Genia.j vol. 9, p. 79). 

De Banco. Mich., 10 Ed. III., m. 333, dorso. 

Line. Robert de Colville sued Simon Peeche, who had been 
called to warranty by Isolda, formerly wife of Gilbert Peeche, 
for the manor of Corby. 

. Roger de Colville, temp, Ed. I. 
Robert the Plaintiff 

(Genea.y vol. 9, p. 81). 

De Banco. Easter, 10 Ed. III., m. 108, dorso. 

Line. John son of Thomas de Shepelay sued Ada, formerly 
wife of John de Wynceby, for the manor of Benyngton near 
St. Botolph. 

Reginald de Benyngton, temp. Hen. III. 




in, the Plaintiff 

{Genea^ vol. 9, p. 82). 

De Banco. Easter, 10 Ed. III., m. 106. 

Line. John, son of Richard de Hudleston sued Reginald 
de Donyneton, chivaler, and John his son, for land in Randeby, 
which Ralph de Neville had given to John de Hudleston his 

Joho de Hudleston 


John, the Plaintiff 

{Genea.^ vol. 9, p. 83). 

De Banco. Mich., 10 Ed. III., m. 478. 

Line. Robert Bagot of Hacunby sued Adam son of Alan 
Vinter of Spalding for land at Pyncebek, which William son 
of Walter de Spalding had given to John son of Robert Bagot 
and Emma his wife. 


Uncohishire Notes & Queries. 41 

Robert Bugot 

Johii=T=£inaia, tamf^ Ed. I. 

Robert Bagot, the PUintiff 

N.B. — ^The Liher Niger Scaccarii of A.D. 11 66 shews 
that Hacunby was held at that date by Hervey Bagot 
of the Baron of Staflbrd. 

{Genea^ vol 9, p. 85). 

De Banco. Hillary, 15 Ed. III., m. 84. 

Line. Adam de Stretton sued Alan le 2k>uche of Assheby 
and another, for an illegal distress at Great Glen. The 
pleadings give this pedigree. 


Peter=?=£U, ump, Ed. I. 


Henry, now living, who holdi a moiety of Great Olen. 

{Genea^ vol. 9, p. 150). 

De Banco. Easter, 16 Ed. III., m. 202. 

Line. William de Dacre and Katrine his wife sued the 
Dean and Chapter of Lincoln for the next presentation of the 
Church of Holbeche. 

Anthony de Bek John de Bek 

Alke^j^illjam de Willughby MilicentnFjohn de Harcourt 

Robert William de Harooort 


William de Dacre claimed by descent from Margaret the 
daughter and heir of Thomas de Multon of Stow ; 
the Beks had held the manor and advowson. 

{Genea,y vol. 9, p. 208). 


42 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


De Banco. Hillary, 17 Ed. III., m. 114. 

Line. The King sued Henry Hillary, Knight, for the next 
presentation of the Church of Somercotes. 

Thomas de Multon of Franketon [Frampton], temp. Hen. III. 



Thomas, who had demised his right to Henry Hillary 

for his life. 

{Genea^y vol. 9, p. 209). 

De Banco. Mich., 30 Ed. III., m. 164. 

Notts. John son of Ralph Champeneys of Quappelade and 
Margaret his wife, and Fulk Everard of outton, the Blake, and 
Alice his wife sued Thomas de Sibethorp, parson of the Church 
of Bekyngham, for the manor of Sibethorp by writ of right in 
the Lords' court, and Stephen Walys, the capital lord, had 
remitted suit into the King's court. 

Alexander Bozon of ICirkcton in Hovland, 
I temf, JCing Richard 

I I 

Ralph, ob. 8.p. Hugh 




Jonn, ob. s.p. Margaret (Plaintiff^ Alice (Plaintiff^ J<MUit o^* *•?• 

Alice had married for her first husband William, son of 
Hugh de Flete. 

{Genea.y vol. 10, p. 29). 

De Banco. Mich., 20 Ed. III., m. 354. 

Lincoln. Thomas son of Thomas de Neville of Faldyng- 
worth sued Ralph de Neville, chivaler, and others for the 
manor of Sny terby. 

Sibil=j=Thomaa de NeviUe=j=Matilda 
Thomas=j=Joan Ralph de Neville, the Defendant 
Thomas, the Plaintiff 

Vcrdid for Thomas. 
(Genia.y vol. 10, p. 31). 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 43 

De Banco. Trinity, 20 Ed. III., m. 55, dorso. 

Southampt. Roger de Pedwardyn sued the Abbot of 
Croyland for the next presentation of the Church of Suth- 

William de Longchampt {ttmp. King JohD)^Petroiiilk 



Roger Polvrardyn of Suthwamebume, 

the Plaintiff 

The Abbot claimed this advowson by a grant of Alan de 
Credun, the at(t)fis of Alice, which had been confirmed 
by Maurice his son and by Guy his grandson, who was 
grandfather of Alice the mother of Roger. 

{Genea,^ vol. lO, p. 31). 

De Banco. Easter, 22 Ed. III., m. 239. 
Lincoln. John son of Richard de Haryngton, chivaler, sued 
John son of Philip de Haryngton for land in Little Paunton, 
which Philip de Paunton had given to John Haryngton and 
his issue by his daughter Matilda. 

John de Haryngton, the Plaintiff 

Genea.y vol. 10, p. 32). 

De Banco. Trinity, 22 Ed. III., m. 216. 

Lincoln. The Provost and Scholars of St. Mary of Oxford 
were sued by John Peeche, chivaler, for the next presentation 
of the Church of Colby. 

Herbert Peeche, temp. Hen. III. 



, the Plaintiff 

[Genea^y vol. 10, p. 32). 




Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Coram Rege. Hillary, 8 £d. III^ m. 24, Rex. 

Line. The King sues James de Ros for the next presenta- 
tion of the Church of Gadeneye (Gedney), which he claimed as 
guardian of Ralph de Goushill. The pleadings give this 

Fulk de Orry, temp. Hen. III. 








fier £la= Henry de Alice 

urgo, Stanhowe, enfeoffed 

35 Hen. III. 35 Hen. III. Roger de 




WtUiam de 


3S Hen. III. 


Robert Burgilioun 

(Genea.y vol. 10, p. 90). 

35 Hen. III. who 

who enfeoffed enfeoffed 
the Abbot Robert de Ros 
of Croyland and 



James Ros, 
tne Defendant 


35 Hen. III. 





(under age, and 

in ward to the 


Coram Rege. Mich., 12 £d. III., m. 135. 

Lincoln. Isolda, formerly wife of Gilbert Perche, sued 
Gilbert Perche for the manor of Billesfeld. 

Walter de Casthorp 


ob. s.p. 

a monk 

Hugh Waiter, 

a felon, died abroad, 
who had s.p. 

abjured the realm 



Gilbert Perche=Flsolda 
of Corby 





George Perche 

{Genea^ vol. 10, p. 91). 

Coram Rege. Hillary, 16 Ed. III., m. 114. 

Norfolk. William de Calthrop, chivaler, sued John Bygot 
and Alesia his wife and others for the manor of Uppehall, and 
gave his descent. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 45 

William de Calthrop, temp. Hen. Ill^ grandfiither of the 


I ^1 

William de Calthrop 


Walter= Aletia, niece of John de Hotham= John Bygot 
ob. t.p. Bishop of £ley 

{Genea,^ vol. 10, p. 91). 

W. E. F. 

24. Benson yersus Sir Ralph Maddison, Kt., 1628. — 
Among the Chancery Suits of the reign of Charles L, there is 
one between Clement Benson, of North Kelsev, and his 
father-in-law Sir Ralph Maddison, Knt., of Fonaby oy Caistor. 
It throws a little light on the times, showing at any rate the 
scarcity of money as evidenced by the high rate of interest 
charged. The conclusion is not given, but simply the 

The Bill of Complaint of Benson is dated 26 May, 1628. 
He states that in the nth year of King James (1014) his 
father the late Richard Benson, of North Relsey, was indebted 
to Sir Ralph in the sum of 500/1, some part received in money, 
and the rest in cattle and sheep ^^nothinge of the worth and 
value that your orator's said father tooke them in," and for 
payment was bound to Sir Ralph in a statute-staple in 1 000/1, 
for payment of the said 500// at the end of seven years 
following. Benson was to pay also 150/1 yearly during the 

Not long after his son Clement married Bridget Maddison, 
daughter of Sir Ralph, and the 150/1 not being paid (as 
pretended by Sir Ralph) divers suits were likely to have arisen 
concerning the 500/1 and Bridget's portion, but the suits were 
stayed bv the mediation of friends, and matters were referred 
to Sir Thomas Monson, Knt., who, having heard both parties, 
persuaded them to end all differences. 

As Sir Ralph pretended that there was 150/1 due for for- 
bearance of the 500//, amounting to 650/1, Sir Thomas ordered 
that Benson should pay 650/1, whereof 300// less i o/r was to be 
delivered in satisfaction of Bridget's marriage portion, and the 
other 360/r was to be paid to Sir Ralph, beside 100 marks a 
year to be allowed to Benson's son Clement for his mainten- 
ance, and Sir Ralph out of the 360/1 was to pay to Clement 
50/r as " a taste and relish of his wife's fortune." The statute 

was then to be cancelled. 


46 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Richard Benson, the father, was seized, for the lives of 
himself, his son Clement, and another son, of the Re£lory or 
parsonage impropriate of North Kelsey, worth 200/r a year, 
and, for securing the 360/1 he was to pay to Sir Ralph, he 
assigned all his estate in the said Redory to Edward Maddison, 
Sir Ralph's son, for the said three lives, with a proviso of 
redemption on payment of the 360/1 at a day named. Not- 
withstanding the assignment Benson was to take the rents and 
profits until default of payment of the 360/1, which he 
accordingly did and satisfied the 360/1, except 150// which by 
another agreement was to be forborne for some longer time. 

Further, the late Richard Benson, not having paid to his son 
Clement the yearly rent of 100 marks, as was agreed, and 
owing various sums to other people, did, with the consent of 
Sir Ralph and Edward Maddison, convey his estate in the said 
Redtory, etc., to Sir Ralph, Edward Maddison, Robert 
Williamson, and James Williamson, in trust for the use and 
benefit of Clement Benson, in consideration of which Clement 
was to pay to his Bither during life 100 marks yearly, and 
after his decease 40// to his (Clement) mother for her life, 
beside his father's debts and 200// to his (Clement) sisters and 
younger brothers, which debts with the 200/t amounted to 
600//, and allowing the cost of renewing the lease of the said 
parsonage. Accordingly Clement paid the booli out of his 
own purse, with an overplus, viz., to John Bard, gent., 61/1; to 
Mr. Mainstey, So/r; to Sir Henry Radley, Knt., 20//; to 
William Fanners, mercer, 17/fj all creditors of his father 
Richard Benson. 

Moreover Clement about ten years since paid to Sir Ralph 
the 1 50/1 which remained unpaid of the 360/f, so that neither 
Sir Ralph nor his son Edward can demand one penny of the 
360/1. Contrariwise Sir Ralph ought to pay to Clement the 50/r 
he was bound to pay by the first agreement, but he now denies 
that he ever made such a promise. 

Sir Ralph moreover refuses to cancel the statute-staple for 
1 000/1, and both he and his son Edward give out that the 
Reftory of North Kelsey is absolutely forfeited to them, and 
refuse to deliver up the indenture of mortgage and to re-convey 
the premises, as in right of equity they ought to do, the rather 
because Clement Benson intends to settle a jointure of 100 
marks a year upon his wife, the daughter of Sir Ralph 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 47 

Clement Benson had commenced a suit in the Ecclesiastical 
Court against Edward Osborne, yeoman, for detaining tithes 
belonging to the said Re£lory, and Sir Ralph, his son Edward, 
and Osborne, by confederacy, have got the indenture (and other 
writings) by which the Re<^ory was granted, and refuse to give 
them up. 

Neither will Sir Ralph and Edward deliver up the Statute 
deed of mortgage, or re-convey the premises, by which means 
Benson is disabled from making any proviso for his wife and 
children. Prays for writ of sub pcena, 

Edward Maddison in his answer admits the grant of the 
Redory to his father Sir Ralph, and to himself in trust for the 
benefit of his father, but denies that the deed was ever in his 
possession, and says it has always been in his Other's custody. 
Denies that the 360/1 has been paid or any part thereof. 
Denies all combination or confederacy as suggested. 

14 0£l., 1628. Sir Ralph Maddison's answer. He alleges 
that by false oath of George Graves, kinsman of Richard 
Benson, a licence of marriage was obtained from Dr. Hill, then 
Ordinary at l^incoln, for Clement Benson to marry Bridget, 
Sir Ralph's daughter. Alleges that Clement Benson secretly 
took away and stole the said Bridget and married her without 
her father's consent, about which misdemeanour suits were 
intended to be brought in the Star Chamber. About this 
time Bridget, after marriage, was discovered to be with child, 
and suits were stayed by the mediation of friends. He denies 
Benson's statements. 

Then follows Benson's replication, maintaining his bill of 

We learn from Gibbons' Lincoln Marriage Licenses that 
Clement Benson had been married previous to his runaway 
match with Bridget Maddison. At page 21 we find a licence 
dated 28 0£l., 161 2, for Clement Benson, of Cabourn, gent, 
xt 24, son of Richard Benson, gent, to marry Susan Wright, 
late of Gt. Grimsby, now of Owersby, spinster, act 1 8, dau. of 
James Wright, late of Gt. Grimsby, deceased. His parents 
and her mother consent. 

At page 41 Clement Benson, aet 26, son of the said Richard 
Benson of Cabourn, Esq., makes application by George Graves 
of North Kelsey for a licence to marry Bridget Maddison of 
Fonaby, act 21, dau. of Sir Ralph Maddison, Knt. The 
parents on both sides consent. This is dated 4 Nov., 1614, 
and another application was made by Clement Benson in 


48 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

person on the 6 Nov. The place of marriage in the ist licence 
was Cabourn ; in the 2nd St. Paul, Lincoln. 

The duplication of the licence looks a little suspicious when 
we take into account Sir Ralph's charge against Benson. The 
affirmation that the young lady's parents' consent was given 
would at any rate be distin6tly false. The choice of Sir 
Thomas Monson as an arbitrator arose probably from his 
relationship to Clement Benson's first wife Susan Wright, 
whose father's mother was a daughter and co-heir of Thomas 
Monson of South Kelsey, as appears in the Vis. of Lincolns. 
for 1592. 

The Bensons figure in Yorke's Union of Honour^ where their 
arms are given as "Gules on a chevron Or 3 cross-crosslets 
Sable." Richard Benson, father of Clement, had married Susan 
daughter of Ralph Barde of North Kelsey. 

Clement Benson by his wife Bridget had a numerous family 
— Willoughby, Clement, Christopher, Richard, Thomas, 
Charles, Gervase, as well as some daughters. Possibly owing 
to the litigation the family does not seem to have prospered. 
No pedigree is given in the Visitations of 1562 and 1592, but 
a few wills in the Lincoln Probate Office give the outline of 
one. Ralph Benson, yeoman, of North Kelsey, made his will 
13 Feb., 161 2-1 3, leaving 40// to his dau. Judith, and making 
his son Richard Benson and his wife Ursula executors. The 
witnesses were Mr. Richard Benson (probably the father of 
Clement) and Mr. Edmund Barde. Prob. 12 Apl., 1613. 
The widow Ursula's will was proved i Apl., 1617 j she 
mentions her daus. Judith, Hannah, Anne, and makes her son 
Richard Benson executor. 

Ralph Benson., gent, of Tupholme in Bardney, made his 
will 8 July, 1650, mentioning a son Richard, and leaving 
Bridget his wife executrix. Prob. 30 May, 1651. 

Christopher Benson, gent, of North Kelsey (possibly a son 
of Clement and Bridget) made his will 8 Dec, 1709, desiring 
to be buried in the chancel, and leaving everything to Elizabeth 
dau. of "Squire Boynton of RocklifF in Co. York, a minor," 
whom he made executrix. Prob. 21 Apl., 1710. Admin, 
given to " Dominus Boyntonus Boynton," father of the execu- 
trix. Finally, Richard Benson, gent., of Brigg, made his will 
II July, 1 710, leaving his mortgage on lands, in North Kelsey, 
to trustees— Charles Pelham of Brocklesby, Francis Anderson 
of Manby, and Richard Nelthorpe of Sea why, for the benefit 
of the Free School in Brigg, to provide service in the chapel ; 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 49 

and a silver salver for the Sacrament. He left /220 to his 
nephew Bartholomew Benson, anJ his lands in Howsham in 
Cadney, limmingham, and Killingholme, to his nephew 
Richard Benson. Prob. 16 OA,, 1740. 

Sir Ralph Maddison left nothing to his numerous Benson 
grandchildren by his will dated 26 Dec, 1653, and proved 19 
0€t^ 1657, 50 we may infer that the breach between the two 
families was never closed. 

Whether he succeeded in retaining possession of the Redory 
of North Kelsey I do not know, but in a deed, dated 26 June, 
1656, he bequeaths his lands in North Kelsey, Scartho, and 
Humberstone to his grandson Anthony Maddison, eldest son 
of his eldest son Edward Maddison, and his heirs male. 

A. R. Maddison. 

25. Wainfleet Records^ — Will of John Battyng. The 
following Will may perhaps be thought worthy of a place in 
Lines, N, i^ ^., as illustrating that large yeoman class which 
has for many centuries been the backbone of the Marsh, and 
still remains staunchly conservative in spite of all temptations, 
as has abundantly been proved in the recent bye-ele<5tion. 

As a curious instance of this spirit of cautious conservatism 
I may mention that in a Deed of transfer given at Wainfleet 
in May 1461, to which this same John Battyng was one of the 
witnesses, the Deed concludes with the words, ^^ In the reign 
of King,'* and then comes a blank space, without any statement 
of what king or what year of his reign. Edward IV. had 
been crowned at Westminster in March, but the drawer of the 
deed, whilst too cautious to risk his neck by any dire<Ei mention 
of Henry VI., was not going to recognise Edward just vet if 
he could help it, especially if there was any hope of Henry 
regaining power. 

The Battyng family had been fairly well to do for at least a 
century before the date of this Will. A John Battyng had 
bought a decent house down Groce Lane in Wainfleet St. 
Mary, very probably the one described in this Will as " the 
messuage in which I live," on February i, 1341, and down to 
1 554 the name frequently appears in leases as either witness or 
principal, but I have not yet seen it after that date. The Will 
itself needs little comment. The Priory of Greenefield 
(Yorks) had a small estate in Wainfleet at the dissolution of 
monasteries of the annual value of 31. 9//. This would, I 

Vol. 4* e suppose, 

50 Lincolnshire Notes & S^eries. 

suppose, account for the description of the ^ one acre in the 
Moss de le grenynglande." I presume '^unam bigam*' is a 
waggon. What sort of instrument exadly " Le haydr " was 
I am not aware, but "Le kyt" was a large milkcan slung 
between wheels. 

" In the name of God In the eighth year of Edward 
IV and the Year of Redemption 1468 This is the last 
Will of me John Battyng of Waynflet First I will that 
my son William have vi acres of pasture lying in the 
Parish of Waynflet S Mary called Le Kyrkgartes Item I 
will that the aforesaid William have one acre of lande 
called Le Moss de le Grenynglande beyond the church of 
S Mary aforesaid Item I will that my son John have vi 
acres of pasture lying in the aforesaid Parish called Le 
Hallegat Ende Item I will that the aforesaid John have 
after my decease the premises in which I live Item I will 
that the aforesaid John have another house which I bought 
of Walter Gysell called Le Laith Item I will that the 
pther dwellinghouse which I bought of Walter Gysell be 
sold to pay my debts Item I will that my son John 
aforesaid have one cow The other cows to be sold to pay 
my debts Item I will that the aforesaid John have the 
wagson with four horses and all its necessary fittings Item 
I will that my son William aforesaid have the mare Item 
I will that my son John aforesaid have Le Corte Item I 
will that my son William have Le Kytbody with Le 

In nom dei Anno viii Edwardi qurt Redemptionis An 
Dom millimo quadrin cesimo Ixmo viii to Hec est 
ultima Voluntas mei John Battyng de Waynflet Inprimis 
Volo od Willm filius meus heat vi acres pastyr jacent : in 
pchia Beat: Mr de Waynflet vocat: Le Kirkgattes Itm 
Volo qd predi<Ei Willim heat unam acre tra vocat: Le 
Moss de le grenynglande ultro ecclesiam Beat: Mr: pdd 
Itm volo qd Johes filius meus heat vi acres tra pastyr 
jacent: in parochia pdt vocatt: Le Hallegate Ende Itm 
Volo qd predi6t Johes heat post meum decessum messuag- 
ium in quo maneo Itm Volo qd pdt Johes heat aliam 
domum quam comparavi de Waltero Gysell vocat Le 
Laith Itm volo qd aliam domum mansi quam comparavi 
de Waltero Gysell vendidatur ad disponen diea mea Itm 
Volo qd Johes filius meus pd£l heat unam vaccam A lie 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries . 5 1 

vacce vendidari ad disponend deia mea Itm volo qd predid 
Johes heat unam bigam cum iv equis et omn alia necessaria 
ptin Itm qd Willim Alius meus heat unam equam Itm 
volo qd Johes Alius meus heat Le Plugh Le Hadyr et 
omn neccesaria ptin Itm qd Johes Alius meus heat Le Carte 
Itm volo qd Willim Alius meus heat Le kyrtbody cum 
Le wheles. 

RoBT. M. Hbanlby. 

26. Burgh-le-Marsh Guild Certificates. — In the 
immense colle£lion of CertiAcates of Guilds, furnished in 
obedience to Royal Mandate in the reign of Richard II., now 
preserved in the Public Record Office, there are two relating to 
Guilds at Burgh-le-Marsh, neither of which, I think, has 
hitherto been made public. I owe my knowledge of their 
existence to a note referring to the earlier of them in the late 
Mr. Toulmin Smith's "History of English Guilds." The 
summaries, in English, here appended will, I think, be read 
with interest not only by the inhabitants of Burgh but by 
many in our county and elsewhere. Thev throw an instrudHve 
light on the nature and constitution of these guilds, of which 
there was scarcely a parish in the land which did not contain 
several, all so scandalously swept away by the "besom of 
•destru^ion'* wielded in the young king's name by Protestor 
Somerset and the other greedy members of the Council, in the 
early days of Edward VI. The former of the certiAcates 
helps also to realize the frequency of pilgrimages to foreign 
shrines, before the Reformation turned the religious bent of the 
national mind into an entirely different channel. We have no 
reason to suppose that the pilgrimage here commemorated was the 
only one that left Burgh in the 14th or 15th century, or that 
there was anything exceptional in its chara£ter. In hA we 
should never have known that it had taken place but for the 
occurrence of the tempest, their deliverance from which " by 
the intercession of St. James" on their way back from 
Compostella in the stormy Bay of Biscay was the cause of the 
foundation ^of the Guild. It may appear rather startling to 
those who are strangers to the chara£ter of the religious lire of 
the middle ages that a party of men should set out from a 
quiet little country town in Lincolnshire on a long and perilous 
voyage to the north western corner of Spain, simply at the 
bidding of a religious instindl, to pay their vows and make their 
oAerings at the shrine of a foreign saint. But at that epoch 


52 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

going on pilgrimage was prescribed as a religious duty which 
could not be negle£led without peril to the salvation of the soul. 
It was laid down by Archbishop Arundel that according to the 
decree of Holy Church it was "needful for a christian man to 
go on pilgrimage to holy places, and there especially to worship 
holy relics of apostles, martyrs, confessors, and all saints, 
approved by the church of Rome." Few of these places of 
religious resort were more largely frequented than Compostella, 
, where it was believed that the body of St. James the Great, 
the son of Zebedee, was interred. The pilgrims from all parts of 
Western Christendom who flocked to his wonderworking 
shrine equalled or exceeded those who now make their journey 
to Lourdes. From England alone it is recorded that in 1428 
the number of pilgrims amounted to 916 ; in 1433 to 520; in 
1434 to the immense number of 2460 ; and in 1445 to 2100. 
Licences were granted by the Crown to masters of ships for 
carrying a defined number of pilgrims. We may suppose the 
Burgh party to have taken ship at Boston on board of one of 
the vessels bringing to that port wine from the vineyards 
of Spain and Portugal. It was on their return voyage that 
they encountered the tempest of which the certificate speaks. 

The other Certificate does not supply equal points of 
interest, but it is not a little valuable as shewing the manner | 

in which the repairs of churches were provided for before the » 

days of church rates. A Guild was formed, the members of 
which bound themselves to make a certain annual contribution | 

towards the maintenance of the fabric. Such voluntary associa- 
tions, which might be reproduced with no small advantage in our 
own days, were by no means uncommon in the middle ages. 
It may not be generally known that the beautiful eastern 
aisles and Lady Chapel of Winchester Cathedral owe their 
origin to such an association. In 1202 Bishop Godfrey de 
Lucy instituted " a Confraternity for the repair of the Church 
of Winton to last five complete years," and it was at this epoch 
that this graceful example of Early-English was ere6ted. 

No. I. 

Certificates of Guilds (Chancery) 

No. 91. 

Certificate of the foundation and continuance of the Guild 
of St. James in the church of Burgh, made in the Chancery of 
the Lord the King by Thomas Bele, Alderman of the Guild 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 53 

aforesaid, on the eve of the Purification of the Blessed Mary, 
12 Richard II. 

The said Guild is ordained by the devotion of the parishion- 
ers of the said church, and has continued for 24 years. Certain 
men vowed to make pilgrimage to the land of Saint James (to 
wit) John Magnus, Senior, William Galte, William Curr, 
Hugh atte Trappe, and Thomas atte Bole, Senior ; which vow 
they fulfilled j and while they were returning they were nearly 
shipwrecked by a storm in a tempest of the sea, and vowed to 
Almighty God and to Saint James that [if] by the intercession 
of Saint James they could escape fi'om the said tempest, and 
return to their own parts, they would build and dedicate an 
altar in honour of Saint James in the church of St. Peter of 
Burgh, and maintain and administer divine office there in 
honour of the aforesaid Saint James ; and so, on completion of 
the vow, the tempest ceased, and they arrived at the desired 
haven by the intercession of the aforesaid Saint James. And 
when they returned to their own parts, being questioned as to 
their health and how they fared in the journey, they made 
narration to their neighbours and friends of the tempest and 
their vows. Afterwards they with other neighbours built 
the said altar, for the celebration of masses ; and likewise each 
brother promised towards the fabric of the church one measure* 
of barlev. And all the brethren and sisters dine together 
on one aay in the year , and there they eled one Alderman, 
to order for them as is aforesaid. 

No. II. 

Certificates No. 184. 

Certificate of the foundation and continuation of the Guild of 
the Chapel of Saint Mary of Burgh, made in Chancery by 
Simon Engog, Alderman of the said Guild [same date as above]. 
It is ordained by the devotion of the parishioners of the church 
of Burgh in honour of Saint Mary, and has continued for 
thirty years. The said chapel was ruinous and almost destroyed ; 
which seeing, Walter Wybian and Little Alan t made a 
coUedion among the parishioners and their friends, and 
expended what they acquired in the repair and maintenance of 
the chapel. Alms filing in course of time, the parishioners 
agreed that each one should contribute yearly half a measure of 

Modium. -f Parvus AUldus. 


54 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

barley to the maintenance and repair of the chapel. All the 
brethren and sisters shall meet together on one day in the year, 
and clcSt an Alderman. 

Edmund Vbnablbs. 

27. Institutions by Bishop Chadderton. — I had long 
wished to know the precise period over which these extend, 
and having seen for myself, I send a note for the benefit of 
others. The earliest (fo. 74) was on August 23, 1597, and 
the last (fo. 328) on April 5, 1608. 

jy Emmanuel Roadj Cambridge. B. 

28. Lincoln Cathedral. — The Precinct Wall. — In 
the Calendar 0/ Patent Rolls^ Edw. /., 1 281-1292, published 
in 1 893, there is an entry which is valuable as giving the exad 
date of the Licence from the King for the building of this wall 
and its gates. It is as follows : — 

^1285, ^^y ^' Westminster. Licence at the instance 
of Oliver Bishop of Lincohi, for the dean and chapter 
of theCathedral Church of St. Mary, Lincoln, for 
their better safety from night attacks in passing from 
their houses to the said church, to enclose the precind 
of the said church with a wall, 12 feet high, in 
suitable places at Pottergate street, and at the street 
leading from the high road of the bailey to the 
Estegate with the two adjoining lanes on the north 
side ; and the said wall to be provided with sufficient 
gates with locks, to the custody of which they and 
their successors shall appoint one of their body to 
close them at dusk and open them before sunrise.** 

The necessity for such protefUon was at this time not 
peculiar to Lincoln, for in 1285, in the same Calendar^ there is 
a ^ Licence for the Dean and Chapter of St. PauPs, London, 
to enclose their churchyard and precin£l with a stone wall all 
round with gates and posterns in suitable places, to be open 
from dawn till night." And also in the same year, 1285, 
there is a " Licence " for the Dean and Chapter of York to do 
the same for their precindl, and in the following year the Dean 
and Chapter of Wells received a similar licence. 

Note. — ^The original Licence is preserved in the Library of 
Lincoln Cathedral. A copy of it in the original latin is given 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. ^^ 

in extenso in '^ The Reports and Papers " of the Associated 
Architeftural Societies, 1887, p. 75. 

F. R. Fairbank, M.D., F.S.A. 

^9. Canopy at Theddlethorpe All Saints (Vol. IV., 
p. I. — It looks like a recess (not "reredos" \f in situ in a 
north wall) for a sculptured and coloured alabaster tablet. It 
seems a pity that the rescued altar-stone has been placed altar-- 
wise against a rwrth wall. 

Durham. J. T. F. 

30. The Leper Hospital of the Holy Innocents, 
Lincoln. — Outside the south gate at Lincoln was a Hospital 
for Lepers, dedicated to the Holy Innocents. Some interesting 
information in reference to it has recently (1893} ^^" published 
in a Calendar of Patent Rolls j Edw. I., 1 281-1292, as follows : 
— It is there spoken of as having been founded by the previous 
kings of England. (This may refer to endowments of the 
Hospital by them. It is believed to have been founded by 
Remigius, Bishop of Lincoln). The community of the 
Hospital consisted of a Warden ; Chaplains, two of whom had 
to be always resident 5 Brothers; Sisters; and "infirm per- 
sons." The King appears to have kept the house under his 
own control, and changes in it had to receive his approval. 
No inmate could be removed, except for miscondud, without 
reference to him. The number could not be increased without 
a special mandate from him or the Chancellor; and when a 
brother or sister died notice had to be given to the Chancellor, 
and a leper appointed to fill the vacancy had to be approved by 
him. Thus, 0£t 17, 1290, there is a licence for the admission 
of William le Forester, a leper, to the Kings house of Lepers 
without Lincoln, for life. And on Dec. 2 of the same year 
there was a royal grant by patent, dated at Lincoln for life to 
Dionisia de Retford, widow, on the exhibition of one of the 
sisters of this Hospital. The inmates dwelt in se£lions in 
different buildings, the chaplains and brethren in one house, 
the lepers by themselves, and the sisters in another house. 
The Hospital was under the control of the Warden, who 
appears to have usually been one of the chaplains, and there 
were ^'canonical and daily distributions held in the said house." 
In 1284 a grant made by Richard, Chaplain and Warden of 
this house, and the brethren thereof, to Thomas de Scandeford, 
chaplain, for the purpose of these distributions received the 


56 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

royal confirmation. A sharp look-out was evidently kept over 
the house. In the same year the custody of the Hospital was 
granted to the Sheriff of Lincoln, during the King's pleasure, 
to apply the goods thereof to the benefit of the inmates. In 
129O the custody of the house was entrusted to Andrew 
Fraunceys, of Malteby, chaplain, during good behaviour, " the 
house having suffered under the carelesness of former keepers.*' 

A curious circumstance is recorded to have occurred at this 
Hospital, which at the time was regarded as a miracle. It was 
as follows : — " In 1284 the King granted a pardon to Margaret, 
late wife of Alan Everard of Burgh by Weynflet, co. Lincoln, 
who was condemned by the justices of the last eyre for harbour- 
ing a thief, namely, Robert her son, and hanged on the gallows 
without Lincoln, but being cut down and removed for burial 
to the hospital of lepers without the south gate of Lincoln, 
when near the place of burial was seen to draw a breath and 
revive: the pardon was granted because her recovery is 
ascribed to a miracle, and she has lived two years and more in 
the said hospital." 

Some notes on this house will be found in the Handbook to 
the Excursion of the Lincoln Diocesan jfrchite^fural Society^ 1857, 
by the late Bishop of Nottingham, pp. 10, 11. 

F. R. Fairbank, M.D., F.S.A. 

31. Langdale of Waltham. — A short charter at Gunby 
Hall gives so much information concerning the Langdale 
family that I think it should be preserved in print. 

^^I William Langdale, son and heir of Thomas Langdale, 
son and heir of Patrick Langdale esq', formerly of Waltham 
near Grymesby, C®. Lincoln, grant to Thomas Towres of 
Tetnay, and Cecily, my sister, wife of the said Thomas, and 
their heirs, all my right and claim in an obligation and indenture 
in which William Langdale son of the aforesaid Patrick was 
bound to me in ;^300 sterling, &c. i August, 9 Henry VII. 

('+93)-" ... . , . 

The Inquisition, ^0i/ w^r//w, of William Langdale was taken 

at Lincoln Castle on the last day of January, 20 Henry VII. 

(1504), when the jurors found that he was seized of the manor 

of Waltham, and of one capital messuage in the vill of 

Waltham with appurtenances, called "Ravinworth thyng," 

and of 2 messuages, 2 crofts, 80 acres land, 2 oxgangs of 

meadow, and 15' rent in Waltham and Brygsley, cdled 

** Fowler fee," and of 3 messuages, 3 crofts, 40 acres of land, 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 57 

and one oxgang of meadow within the vill and field of Waltham, 
called '^ Norcotes thyng," and being so seized granted them by 
his charter to Matilda Massyngberd for the term of her life, by 
virtue whereof she was seized and remains alive. They find 
that Anna wife of Henry Skerne, Agnes wife of Thomas 
Hamby, daughters of the said William Langdale, and James 
Vavasour son of Matilda another daughter of the said 
William Langdale late the wife of John Vavasour, are the 
next heirs of the said William Langdale. (Chancery Inq., 
p.m., 20 Henry VII., No. 133). 

It will be noticed that the account given in the Visitation 
of 1562 under Skerne does not correspond with the documents 
I produce : the Visitation Pedigree needs corredtion : — Henry 
Skerne married not the daughter and heir of John Langdale but 
the daughter and coheir of William Langdale. The John 
Vavasour, who married Matilda Langdale, would be the 3rd 
son of Henry Vavasour, Knt., of Hazlewood and Joan 
(Gascoigne) his wife, who in Glover's Visitation rf* Tor ks hire is 
said to have married '^ Cicely daughter of . . . Langdale." 


32. Records of Ancient Horncastle. — 

Feet or Fines, Lincoln, 15 Henry III., No. 79. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court of the Lord 
the King, at Lincoln, on the morrow of St. James, in the 15th 
year of the reign of King Henry, the son of King John 
[26 July, A.D. 1 231], etc. Joetween Henry, abbot of 
Kirkested, plaintiff, by brother William de Carleton, his monk, 
put in his place, etc., and John de Wudehall, deforciant of one 
messuage, with the appurtenances in Horncastre. That is to 
say, that messuage which William Whiteclin held of the same 
John on the west side of the water of Bayne. Whereupon a 
plea of warranty of charter was summoned between them in 
the same Qgiurt. That is to say, that the aforesaid John hath 
acknowledged all the aforesaid messuage, with the appurtenances, 
to be the right of the same abbot and his church of Kirkestede. 
To have and to hold, etc., in pure and perpetual alms, etc. 

Close Roll, 15 Henry III., m. i. 

Touching the ^ The King has granted to W[alter Mauclerc], 

market and f Bishop of Carlisle, that he and his heirs forever 

fair of I may have every year one market throughout 

Hornecastre. j Wednesday at his manor of Hornecastre, and 


58 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

that they forever may have one fair every year in the same 
place to last for seven days, that is to say, on the Vigil, and on 
the day, and on the Morrow of St. Lawrence, and for the four 
days following, unless, etc. And it is commanded to the 
Sheriff of Lincoln that he cause the aforesaid market and the 
aforesaid fair to be proclaimed and to be held as is aforesaid. 

Witness as above. (The King at Westminster, on the 1 8th 
day of 0<aober). [A.D. 1231]. 

Close Roll, 15 Henry IIL, m. i. 

It is commanded to the sheriff of Lincoln that he cause W. 
bishop of Carlisle to have his scutage for one knight's fee 
which he holds of Ralph de Rodes, and the same Ralph [holds] 
of the king in chief in his bailiwick. Namely for a shield 3 
marks for our army of Pidlavia, after the first crossing over of 
the king, and for a shield 20s. for the army of Elusin. 

Witness as above. (The King at Westminster on the 25th 
day of 06kober). [A.D. 1231]. 

Close Roll, 16 Henry IIL, m. 5. 

It is commanded to the Sheriff of Lincoln that he send two 
coroners of his county to Hornecastre to see that a certain 
robber, who holds himself in the church of Hornecastre, and 
who confesses that he is a robber and malefaftor, as it is said, 
make the assize and abjuration of the kingdom according to 
the custom of the land, and according to the liberties granted 
to W. Bishop of Carlisle. 

Witness as above. (The King at Windsor, on the 22nd 
day of August). [A.D. 1232]. 

Close Roll, 17 Henry III., m. 12. 

It is commanded to P. de Rivall that, of the manor of 
Hornecastre of W. Bishop of Carlisle, which he took into the 
king's hand by his command, he cause full seisin to be given 
to the same Bishop without delay, with all things, chattels, and 
stock found in the said manor, and with all his liberties which 
he had in the same manor on the day on which he was disseised 
thereof i and if anything shall have been removed therefrom, 
he shall cause the same to be returned without delay. 

Witness as above. (The King at Westminster, on the 25th 
day of February ; before the Bishop of Winchester and the 
Justices). [A.D. 1232-3], 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 59 

Pipe Roll, 17 Henry III., Lincoln [A.D. 1232-3]. 

Philip de Asceles renders an account . • • And in 
lands given . . , to Robert Fitz Meudred 15/f of white 
money, in Askeby and Tynton, members of Hornecastre, with 
[Isabel] the sister and heir of Henry de Nevill, of Burede 
• • • And to Ralph de Rodes 70/1 and half a mark, in the 
vill of Hornecastre, as is contained in roll 14 ; which vill 
W[alter], Bishop of Carlisle, holds, as is contained there. 
And to the same Ralph 4/r and half a mark, in Hornecastre, 
which William de Lisures had. 

• •••«. 

W[alter], Bishop of Carlisle, owes one mark for the * year 
of the king, for the land of William Bust, of Hornecastre. 

W [alter]. Bishop of Carlisle, renders an account of looo/r 
for a fine to have peace concerning all plaints and a£Uons which 
the king had against him by reason of his treasury, and that 
he and his successors, and his heirs and executors, and the 
church of Carlisle, may be altogether quit of all account to the 
treasury for the time in which he was the king's Treasurer, 
and to have to him and to his heirs the manor of Hornecastre, 
with the soke and all its appurtenances, and to have the 
liberties contained in the king's charters which he has 
thereof; and likewise to have the wards, farms, and other 
his tenements which the king took into his hand ; so that 
nevertheless the same Bishop cannot alienate the said manor of 
Hornecastre, or give it in alms without the king's assent and 

Into the treasury 500 marks. 

And in pardons to the said Bishop, 1000 marks, by 
the king's writ. 

And he is quit. 

Pipe Roll, 31 Henry III., Lincoln. [A.D. 1246-7]. 

William de Curzun renders an account . . . And in lands 
given ... to the monks of Bee vij. j, in Horncastre. 

And Ixxli and half a mark in Horncastre. 

And to the heirs of Ralph de Rodes iiij/f and half a mark in 
Hornecastre, which William de Lisures had. 

^ Omitted in the Record. 


6o Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Close Roll, 17 Henry III., m. 5. 

The king has committed the manor and soke of Horne- 
castre, with the appurtenances, and the corn and hay being in 
the same, to Gilbert de Scdgrave to sustain himself in the 
king's service as long as it shall please the king. And it is 
commanded to the sheriff of Lincoln that, having retained in 
is hand the liberties which W. Bishop of Carlisle, had in theh 
same manor and soke, he shall cause the said Gilbert to have 
full seisin of the aforesaid manor, with the soke and appurten- 
ances, as is aforesaid. 

Witness the king at Hereford, on the 19th day of August, 
by P. de Rivall. [A.D. 1233]. 

Close Roll, 18 Henry HI., m. 31. 

For Earl Richard^ In the same manner it is written to the 
touching tallage y true men of Hornecastre that they be aid- 
to be assessed to k ing to Gilbert de Sedgrave, to whom the 
his use. 7 king has granted that he cause the tallage 

to be assessed in the same manor, as the king caused the tallage 
to be assessed in his demesnes to his use. 

(Witness the king at Gloucester, on the 7th day of January). 
[A.D. 1 233-4]. 

Close Roll, 18 Henry III., m. 26. 

It is commanded to the sheriff of Lincoln that without delay 
he cause the venerable father W. Bishop of Carlisle to have 
such seisin of the manor of Hornecastre, with its appurtenances 
and liberties, as he had thereof on the day on which he took 
that manor into the king's hand by command of the king. 
And if he shall have taken anything therefrom after he took it 
into the king's hand, he cause it to be returned without delay. 

Witness the king at Westminster, on the i oth day of April. 
By the king himseltj before the Justices. [A.D. 1234]. 

Close Roll, i i Henry III., m. 24. 

It is commanded to the sheriff of Lincoln, that all sheep, 
and other stock, and chattels of W. Bishop of Carlisle, which 
the same sheriff or his bailifis took in the same Bishop's manor 
of Hornecastre after that manor was taken into the hand of 
the lord the king by the king's command, (except the stock and 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 6 1 

chattels which Gilbert de Segrave had thereof, if he received 
any thereof,) he cause to be returned to the same Bishop without 

Witness the king at Walingford, on the 4th day of May. 
By the Justices. [A.D. 1234]. 

Close Roll, 19 Henry III., Part i, m. 7. 

It is commanded to the Barons of the Exchequer that they 
do not vex or permit W. Bishop of Carlisle, or his men of 
Hornecastre to be vexed against the liberties which they have 
by our charter ; and if they shall have taken anything from 
them against the aforesaid liberties, they cause it to be returned 
to him without delay; also that they cause the same Bishop to 
be acquitted of the 10 marks at which he was amerced before 
the Justices in Eyre at Lincoln, and which they cxzSt from 
him by summons of the Exchequer, against the aforesaid 
liberties, as he says. 

Witness as above. (The king at Westminster, on the 14th 
day of July). [A.D. 1235]. 

33. An Account of some Ancient Arms and Utensils 
FOUND IN Lincolnshire, chiefly in the Bed of the River 


SCOURED OUT IN ijSj AND 1 788. — Continued from Vol. IV., 
p. 20). — 

E 3, Tab. 5. Likewise a felling tool, and probably a very 
ancient one. The worknanship of this is in every respeft 
excellent, and the round Eye, the only one I have ever seen, 
certainly better suited to ^ten the helve into its place with 
certainty than the square ones in use, for by bringing it through 
from above to the hand and leaving the upper part a little 
thicker than the lower it could never fly ofF. It was found in 
the Witham near Washingborough, 1788. 

E 5, Tab. 5, is a common carpenter's tool, similar to E i 
but better forged, by the sloping of the blade upwards. By the 
sloping of the blade upwards it should seem to have been much 
used, as that is the part of the blade in which our axes wear 
the most. It was found in the Witham near Bardney, 1787. 

E 5, a Hedging bill, not very ancient as part of the wooden 
helve still remains sound ; the convexity of the blade under- 
neath is however is well worthy of imitation as is will chop up 
a faggot stick much closer to the ground than our bills, which 


62 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

have straight blades, can do. It was found in the Witham 
near Washingborough, 1788. 

E 6, an Adze, rather less in the blade and more sloping or 
coming, as our people call it, than those now in use but other- 
wise much resembling them. It seems by the lines still visible 
upon it to have been forged and finished with great dexterity 
and care. It was found in the Witham in 1787. 


Fig. E 7, Tab. i. The appearance of this axe, which 
perfe£Uy resembles that carried by the Lidors in their fiisces 
as represented in Basso Relievos, gives at first sight reason to 
believe it one of them, and an accurate examination of its 
strudure will confirm rather than contradi£b that opinion. 
Instead of being made, as hatchets universally are, of iron edged 
only with steel this is all steel of a beautiful silvery color, as 
hard at the eye as the edge, and when struck is highly sonorous. 

{To be continued,) 


34. Families of Stovin and Browning. — Can anyone 
give me information relating to the persons mentioned below. 
Where did they live? Have they any relations to whom I 
can write and make enquiries as to whether they left any 
botanical notes or specimens ? 

ASss Stctpln, — She colleded plants in the neighbour- 
hood of Nodon in 1814, some of which are in the 
Hailstone Herbarium at York. 

Mr, Bro^ningy mentioned in a note book which I 
possess and which formerly belonged to the late Rev. J. 
Dodsworth, Vicar of Bourne, coUeded in the Bourne 
neighbourhood ; may have been a clergyman. 

E. A. Woodruffe-Peacocic. 

35. Roos AND Mere Families. — Information concerning 
the ruins at Kirton would, I feel sure, be of great interest. 
What kind of a residence at Kirton did the Meres come to ? 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 63 

Is there anything to prove that they made additions, and that 
the shields described by Col. Moore are any part of such ? 
The Roos family had property in the county. Concerning 
some of it Baron Roos and Justice Tirwhit had an adion. At 
a later date the Meeres and Tyrwhits intermarried. Can 
anyone say what daughter of the Meeres of Kirton Adam 
Arnold of Colby Hall, Co. Line, married ? 

Stret/ordj John J. Gregson Slater. 

Near Manchester, 

36. Wellingore. — May I ask for information respecting 
the statement about the Church here in Domesday Book, viz., 
" Ipsa ecclesia pertinet ecclesiam S. Peter in Lincolia " ? 
Probably St. Peter at Pleas is the church referred to, inasmuch 
as the Abbot and Convent of Tees were its Patrons, and 
Wellingore (as also Navenby and Boothby GrafFoe, which are 
adjacent) was wholly or in part alienated to the same Convent. 
I have been able to learn nothing as to when, by whom, or to 
what extent Wellingore Church was appended to St. Peter's 
in Lincoln. J. Fernie. 

P.S. — I should also be grateful for any reliable information 
about "Charles Wingfelde, who died A.D. 1575, 25 April," 
and to whom a handsome mural monument (showing a shield 
with 15 Quarterings) is ereSed in Wellingore Church. He 
is stated by Gervase Hollis to have been of Temple Bruer. 


37. Parish Registers (Vol. IV., p. 18). — To the List 
No. 5 of Transcripts add the following : — 

South Kelsey: (i) Kelsey St. Mary, transcribed from 
1559-1704, examined and attested; the entries from 
1 559-1 669 have beeu colleded with the Lincoln 
transcripts. (2) Kelsey St. Nicholas, transcribed 
from 15S9-1636, examined and attested. H. C. 
Brews ton, Re6lor. 

HoRBLiNG, 1653- 1837, transcribed by Mr. Henry 
Peet, F.S.A. 

J. C. H. 


64 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

38. Cawdron Family (Vol. III., p. 228). — I find I have 
a note respedting Robert Cawdron, who died in 1728, which 
gives the name of his wife before marriage. She was Sai-ah, 
youngest daughter of Sir Edward Hussey, Bart., of Welbourn. 
Hy her Mr. Cawdron had a daughter, Elizabeth, who must 
have died young as she is not mentioned in his will. He died 
18 Oft., 1728, act. 41. 

A. R. M. 

39. BooNED Road. — The question raised in a recent 
number of Lines, N, W ^. as to the meaning of " Booned 
Road ^' seems to admit a most simple answer. It is well 
known that the lord of the manor, in addition to specified days 
of service, was entitled to demand from his villeins extra service 
at times of need, e.g,^ during hay-time and harvest, such extra 
services being known as precarise or boon-days. Such services 
were granted as a boon to the lord, "out of love," and "for the 
asking," but such boon-work was practically compulsory on 
the villeins. Might not therefore "Booned Road" mean roads 
which were either made or repaired at the request of the lord 
of the manor by his villeins or other tenants \ but the making 
and repairing of which did not form a definite part of the 
customs or consuetudines of the manor, /.^., were not a part of 
the service due from the villeins to his lord, but were either 
works of supererogation or "good will," like the extra day's 
work at harvest. The derivation from the French "bon" 
seems to be more far-fetched than that from the Yorkshire 


40. The Rev. James Fowler, Vicar of Horncastle 
(Vol. IV., p. 24). — If Miss Fowler will consult Robinson's 
Register of Merchant Taylors School^ 1882, she will find that 
this James Fowler was the son of Mr. Robert Fowler of 
S. Peter's, Cornhill, London, gent., and that, at his matricula- 
tion at Oxford in 17 18 he was 18 years of age. In the 
Harleian Society's publication of the Registers of S, Peter^Sy 
Cornhilly Vol. IV., for 1879, the entry of his Baptism runs 
thus : July 25, 1699, James s. of Robert fFowler & Elizabeth 
his wife, Hozier. 

There are other entries of the Fowler family in this Register. 

J. C. H. 



Notes & Queries. 


r. LEONARD'S PRIORY Stamford, 
Lincolnshire. — St. Leonards Priory was 
founded in the middle of the seventh cen- 
tury by Wilfrid, tutor to Prince Alkfrid 
(son of King Oswy) who received from his 
royal pupil a present of land at Stamford 
sufficient to maintain loo monks. 
William \. and Carileph, Bishop of Durham, restored it in 
1082, and gave it to the Prior and Convent of Durham. 

Part of the Nave of the Church of the eleventh century 
remains, with the five arches and pillars on the North side 
and the Semi-Norman West front, and part of the Clerestory. 
Peck in his Annals of Stamford^ '727, says: — "The Nave 
was as long again as what is now left of it, that there was a 
steeple wherein hung the bells, and on each side of that the 
cross aisles" (transepts). 

Only two or three of the Easternmost bays are thought to 
be of the time of Carileph, having short and massive round 
pillars and "cushion" capitals; square abaci with the angles 
indented. The rest received gradually the details of a later age 
in the transition from the Norman to the Early English style. 
(Henry IL, 1154. to 1189). 

Vol. 4.. — No. 27. July, e The 

66 Uncobuhire Notes & Queries. 

The square fdain onlcrs of the arches are richljr moulded on 
what would be the Nave side, the ^cushion" capitals giving 
way to the ^bell-shaped" canying an unfinbhed attempt in 
stiff-leaved carving ; it all seems as if the very ad of transition 
had been arrested and stereotyped as an objed lesson for 
admirers and students of this most interesting period of Archi- 
tedure, leading up to and becoming developed in the beautiful 
and more pronounced style of the West front, where the 
highly enriched three orders of mouldings, carved capitals of 
foliage, and the almost unique arrangement of double jamb 
shafb of the doorway display the coming charaderistics of the 
Early English change still in the fetters of the round arch style 
that preccided it. Thus we find later on true Early English 
features carried on round arches. 

^During the transitional period we meet with many 
extraordinary arrangements in the design of doorways interest- 
ing in shewing with what reludance the old style was finally 
abandoned after having been used in the creation of a greater 
number of magnificent and costly buildings than were called 
into existence in any of the subsequent periods of Gothic 

^Between the Conquest and the first year of Henry III. 
there were founded and re-established 476 abbeys and priories 
and 81 alien priories. 

'^It appears to have been the custom to spare these interesting 
doorways of the early builders even when all the rest of the 
Church was taken down to make way for the more magnificent 
stru<^ure in the prevailing style of building." BrandonU 

The nearest example in this neighbourhood of this style 
may be found in the West entrance of Ketton Church, with 
beautiful illustrations of others in Brandon, 

J. C. Traylen, A.R.I.B.A. 

16, Broad Street^ Stamford, 

42. HoLBEACH Parish Records. — Notes made from Old 
Vestry minutes of the Parish of Holbeach in the hands of the 
Vestry Clerk. 

A.D. 1789. Relief paid to sundry persons: — 

April 23. The like (relief) to the American i o 
April 24. The like to Wid® Thatcher under 

the small pox 5 o 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 67 

April 25. The like to Rich* Clayton for 

child ill of the small pox 26 

The like to the American ill of 

the small pox 2 o 

Relief to Wid<^ Thatcher, two 

children ill of the small pox ... 10 o 
Cash paid, the Apothecary's bill 8 6 
Paid to Clergyman Hood for pauper's 

marriages as per bill ^^5 4 10 

John Ash signs as Parish Clerk of Holbeach in 1790, 1791, 
1793, 1802, and 1803. 

In the year, 179 1-2, Total Rates received... ^^908 12 6 

„ Disbursements 859 7 6 

£^9 5 o 
Jan. 20, 1 79 1. At a Vestry this day held, it is hereby 
agreed that the assessment of the Vicarial Tythes 
shall be rated at /150 per annum in the poor Book 
from this time forward during the reverend Mr. 
Mountain's Incumbency. 

J. Winders, churchwarden. 
Thomas Jibb, overseer. 
Terry Elston, Henry Kime, Joseph Fant, 
Edward Dixon, Robert Burrowes, Sam^ 
Jarvis, constable. 

1 791. Pd. to Messrs. Rodgerson and Fawssett, Apothe- 
caries, their Bill for attendances and medicines for 
the poor, ^^63 2s, od. 

s. d. 
Nov. 12, 1792. Man and Horse to Spalding to 

fetch Joseph Holms to be 

married 5 o 

Attending them at Holbeach to 
see them married 2 6 

On 4th April, 1793. Maurice Johnson and John Myers 
two of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace, signed 
and allowed a rate for Holbeach. 

Holbeach, Sunday, April 7th, 1793. ^"^ notice that the 
Justices had signed the aforegoing Rate or Assess- 
ment, was given in the parisli Church of Holbeach 
on Sunday the seventh day of April instant 


68 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

immediately after divine Service was performed, 
being the next Sunday after the said Justices had 
signed the said Rate. 

John Ash, Parish Clerk, 

May 14, 1798. At a Vestry this day held in the usual 

place pursuant to due Notice given in the Church 

For the purpose of treating with any person, Surgeon, 

and Apothecary, to attend the poor of this Parish for 

the ensuing year, Mr. Rogerson on behalf of himself 

and Fawsett and Dixon proposed to contra£i; for their 

professional attendances and medicines of and for our 

legal poor from the 25 instant for the ensuing year 

at ^^30 (Fradtures, Midwifery and Small Pox only 

excepted), and no other persons making any other 

proposition The Overseers are requested to contrad 

with the said Rodgerson and Fawsett and Dixon 


For self & Co., 

J. Rodgerson 

Jos. Barker f Wm. Grasley 

J overseers | ^^^^^, p^, J^^ 


John Holliday 1 , , , 
T ir T >churchwds. 

J. Key, Junr., j 

Vestry Room, Holbeach, 17 May, 1798. At a Meeting 
of the Inhabitants of this Parish, pursuant to notice 
given by the constable, in order to take into con- 
sideration the order of His Majesty's Deputy Lieu- 
tenant of the County of Lincoln in pursuance of an 
A£l to enable his Majesty more effectually to provide 
for the Defence and Security of the Realm during 
the present War, etc. It was unanimously resolved 
That an armed Association within this Parish should 
be immediately formed upon such Terms and to 
consist of such members as the Committee herein- 
after mentioned should deem expedient. Ordered 
that Jno. Everson, Jno. Rodgerson, Revd. Charles 
Rushworth,* George Allenby, Wm. Slator, Ricd. 

• "Charles Rushworth, Mins^ 15 March, 1798," signs a minute of Vestry (not 
this minute). Geo. Oliver was in 1803 a copying clerk to "Mr. Rushworth of 
Holbeach," and then applied for the Head Mastership of the Free School at 
Grimsby, but did not get it, and then went to Caistor ; going to Grimsby as 
Curate m 1809, wrote some books on Grimsby and on Freemasonry. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 69 

Fawssett, Tho. Dixon, Saml. Palmer, John Phipps, 
Richard Birlcs, Joseph Barker, etc., or any 7 of them 
be, and they are hereby appointed a Committee to 
carry into efFe£l the above resolutions. 

By order, J. Key, Junr., 

Vestry Clerk. 

1802. Paid Mr. Ives, by order of the Court for relief) 
paid to wife and &mily of Samuel UUyatt serving as 
a substitute for Thomas Hayes of Holbeach, ^^12 9s. 

Holbeach, July, 1803. Public Notice is hereby given 
that all persons liable to be ballotted within this 
parish for the Army or Reserve may have substitutes 
provided for them by paying to the Church wardens 
and Overseers of the said Parish, the following sums 
of money, viz.: — 

Labourers and Servants, One Guinea each. 
Small Tradesmen or Mechanics (if approved by 
the overseers), and Farmers renting under 
/60 a year. One Guinea each. 
And all other persons Two Guineas each. 

By order of the Vestry, 
J. Kev, 

Clerk there. 

1802. Paid in relief, paid to the Wife and family of 
Benjamin Crossby serving as a balloted man for 
Holbeach Parish, £j 3s. 6d. (Several such entered). 

In 1 803. Relief to several ill of Small Pox. 

Holbeach, July 8, 1803. At a Vestry this day held (in 
the usual place in this Church) pursuant to notice 
from the Desk, on Sunday last. In order to take into 
consideration the miscondud of the Society of 
Ringers here on several occasions — But particularly 
on Wednesday, the 22nd of June last. Constable 
Pick stated that he interposed and found Wm. Clarke, 
Bricklayer; Wm. Dean, Sadler; James Blinkhorn, 
Blacksmith ; Geo. Stuart, Shoemaker ; Saul Warrener, 
taylor ; John Karnes, roper; and John Bland, sawyer, 
and several other Persons in the Belfry. That there 
was much disorder and some of them had been 
fighting. Sexton Baxter stated that he, George 
Stuart, Wm. Dean,Symon Bycroft, James Blinkhorn, 


yo Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Wm. Clarke, Thos. Johnson, and John Bland, con- 
stituted the Society of Ringers here. Ordered, That 
in future no Drinking or Smoking be allowed in the 
Belfry and that the Sexton do preserve good order 
therein or be discharged his office — ordered. That in 
future no Ringing be permitted, except on proper 
Festivals or days, without the consent of the 
Minister and Churchwardens for the time being, and 
that on no occasion dumb peals and tangling of the 
bells be suffered at the will or caprice of the Kingers 
on pain of their being discharged from the Society. 
It was also found that Wm. Clarke, George Stuart, 
Wm. Dean, and James Blinkhorn were the ring- 
leaders on the above day, and they are hereby 
expelled from the Society and be from henceforth 
discharged and kept out of the Belfry. Also ordered 
that their places be supplied by other persons who 
may think proper to become Ringers and condud 
themselves with propriety. 

Charles Rushworth, Minister. 
J. Key ) 

Wm. Townsend > Churchwardens. 
Jos. Barker ) 

At a Vestry held Feb. 13th, 1805, It was "ordered that the 
Churchwardens do withold the Salary from the four 
old Ringers who were expelled the Society on the 
8th July last." At the same Vestry, "The Church- 
wardens complained that the Tenants occupying the 
Houses of James Oliver standing on the east side of 
the Churchyard commit various nuisances in and 
upon the Churchyard ; Also that a Gate has been 
opened from Mr. Mackinder's Slaughter House into 
the Churchyard. Ordered that in future such 
nuisances be prevented and such door or gate be shut 

1814 (July 14th). At a Vestry held this day for the 
purpose of taking into consideration the propriety 
of petitioning both house of Parliament for the 
immediate and universal abolition of the African 
Slave Trade, and also the Duke of Somerset be 
requested to present to House of Lords, and Mr. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


Pelham and Mr. Chaplin, County Members to 

1 815 (April 13). Notice of Vestry to consider upon a 
steam engine be eredted in the south Holland Drain. 

1 8 16. June 27. Vestry to determine if George Stuart 
and William Leaver be allowed the sum of ^10 to 
teach the children to sine at the Church ^^on even- 
ings and also on the Sabbath Day." Ordered that 
the sum of ^10 which has been allowed to those 
who attend on the Sabbath Day only be discontinued ; 
and that the sum of /5 only be allowed to those who 
attend on the Sabbath ^^and that the above /lo be 
allowed to George Stuart and William Leaver 
provided they attend 2 evenings a week, also at 
Church on the Sabbath Day. 

1 81 9. April 24 and June 18. The Spire of Holbeach 
Church repaired and the sum of ^^45 expended. 

Grant W. Macdonald. 

43. Exchequer Subsidies (Lay) County of Lincoln. 

Eliz. to Car. IL, Vol. 56, f JJ, 23 Car. II. 

Hearth Money. Lincoln. Parts of Kesteven. — 

A Schedule of the names of persons chargeable to the above 
subsidy, with the number of Fire-hearths for which each of 
them were charged 23 Car. II. [167 1] within the above district. 

A roll of 63 membranes. 

Fire-hearths within the pts. of Kesteven in the County of Lincoln. 


South Kyme. 


Charles Dymocke Esquire ... 
Idem for the Crosse house empty 
George Chapman . . . 
Alexander Wright 
Thomas Gibson ... 
George Ridatt 
Thomas Spaine 
Francis Deane 

Hearthi. Airearet. 

• • • • 

XXI nj 


• • 

• • 




Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Willm Welbourne 
John Cooke ... . 
Geo. Raby ... .. 
Willm Hardy . 
Francis Deane sen. 
Robert Blacket .. 
Thomas Ball one oven 
Thomas Gray 
Thomas Winfrey .. 
Robert Woods 
Geo. Jenckinson .. 
John Dickinson .. 
Richard Tayler .. 
Willm Darwin 
Willm Peach 
George Johnson .. 
Wid Mowbray 
Robert Martindale 

Mr. Watson 

John Martindale .. 

ohn Hare 

Andrew Algate ., 
Henry Pecker 

John Smyth 

Mr. Sherborne 
Willm Botterell .. 

John Jaques 

Robert Cox 

Johes Barraclough 
Thomas Gaskins .. 
Robert Thompson 

Wid Turner 

Thomas Mussen .. 
Anthony Hare 
John Wright 
Thomas Dawbney 

John Spaine 

Wid Peck 

John WooUard 
Hugh Leadall 

Rogef Hall 

John Walpoole 

Hearths. Arrears. 


• • 













Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Robert Coy 

Andrew Algate sen. 
Henry Edling 

Wilim Hart 

Peter Pickarden ... 

John Stennit 

Wid Welbourne ... 

•• • 

. * • 

* • • 

• . • 


Mr. Thomas Thorald 
Thomas Cole 
Henry Garrat 
George Hales 
Wilim Hoe ... 
Joseph Bell ... 
Wilim Needham 
John Raines ... 
John Creasey 
Mr. Thorold... 
Benjamin Foster ... 
Wilim Loat ... 
John Neath ... 
Wilim Bate ... 
John Baxter ... 
WidBate ... 
Anthony Garrat .. 
John Grainger 
John Batty ... 
Wilim Pickworth... 
John Walker... 
John Redshaw 
Wilim Robinson 
Edward Brand 
Edward Robinson... 
Henry Cocke 
John Tomlynson ... 
Alexander Greene... 
Thomas Wildgoose 
Thomas Greene 
Antho. Greene 
Richard Hawkins ... 
Richard Jugge 




• • • 


• • • 

• a . 









. • • 

Hearthi. Arreart. 







• • 

• • 

• • 





• • • 
















Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Willm HoUingworth 

Robert Watson 

James Bayley 

Theophilus Petchell 

Henry Bull 

Joseph Chowne ... 

William Richardson 

Mr. Ducklyne 

Robt. Twell 

John Creasy 

Antho. Newlove ... 

Thomas Cady 

Anthony Booth ... 

Thomas Barker ... 

Thomas Page 
onathan Sanderson 

ohn Haw 

ames Lettin... ... 

Henry Garrat iun... 

Robert Twell 

Geo. Timberland ... 

Wid Ward 

Geo. Loate 

Willm Colli nson ... 

Wid Arrowsmyth... 

Richard Everit 

John Tarry 

Geo. Welliner 

Willm Tayler 

John Harvy 

Antho. Letton 

Wid Edys 

Nathaniel Saunby... 

Thomas Pickering 

John Tinckler 

Robtus Winfry 

• • • 

• • 

•• • 

• • • 

• • • 

• • • 

. . • 

(To be continued,) 

Hearths. Arrean. 


ij & a forge 

• *■ • 



• • • 







• •• 


• • 

• • 




■ • 



j new built 



44. Lincolnshire Records: excerpts from the MS. 
Notes of the Late General Plantagenet Harrison. 
— The following Notes referring to Lincolnshire are taken 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 75 

from some volumes of bound MSS. in the Record Office, 
which were made by General Plantagenet Harrison, the author 
of The History of the JVapenta^e of Gilling^ West Yorkshire^ 
Lond.: 1879, folio, from unpublished records touching divers 
families, &c., in all parts of England. 

Holbeche, Venit rec si will's de Lasceles iniuste &c. 
difseis' William de Mandeville Earl of Essex de 
Libro tent' suo in Holbeche &c. 

The jury say that after the death of Conan fil Elie 
who died seised of the s^ land the Earl came and 
took tr'e Dmi Reg' de hunda seisina de t'ra and de 
h'r'de pdc conani and Will fil Warin tuc vie fecit 
ei seisinam of s^ land and he was seised thereof for 
more than one month and then came certain Jews 
into Court and declai*ed that s^ land was pledged to 
them for ^24 which said Conan owed them. Said 
Jews demised s* land to the deft &c. They say the 
s^ William did not disseis the s^ Earl. 

8 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 4 H. III. 

Luceby. Simon de Hales v. Henry de Bee. Half i 
lint's fee with appurtenances in Luceby of which 
Almar his ancestor died seised in his own right as of 
fee— temp. Hen. Reg. Avi and from Almar the right 
descended to Mangerus his son and from Mangerus 
to John brother of s* Almar etc. 

de Hales=T= 

I I, 

Almar=p Tohn-r 

J •' T 

I I 

Mangerus, Thomas=j= 

ob. 1. p. s. it h. 

8. it h., plff. 

16 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 7 H. III. 

Birketorpe. Walter de Birkethorpe claims the ad vow- 
son of the Church of Birkethorpe versus the Prior of 
Sempringham, who said that Andrew, son of Picot, 
the father of Walter gave &c. to the monks of 
Sempringham all his rights in the Chapel of B. 

15 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 6 H. III. 



76 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Walter claimed the said advowson upon the ground 
that his father made the said deed when he was sick, 
whereof he died, but the Jury say that the said 
Andrew was in good health when he made the deed. 

16 Coram Rege Roll. Hil., 7 H. III. 

Hulmo. Henry de Braybrook and Cristina, his wife, yersus 
Ralph de la Bruere, in respe£l of i carucate of land 
with appurtenances in Hulmo, except 70 sol. and 6 
den.^ as the right of said Cristina, of which Elias 
Foliot ancestor of said Cristina died seised in his own 
right as of fee. 

17 Coram Rege Roll. Mich., 7 H. III. 

.... Foliot=f= 


Elias (died seised in fee Robert=T= 

of I car. of land br. & h. 

in Hulme, temp. | 

H. II., 8. p.) Richard^ 



d. &h. 

Henry de Braybrook=Cristina 


19 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 9 H. III. 

Redburne. Deed enrolled by which Alexander de Nevill 
grants and confirms to Robert de Nevill, son of 
Robert de Nevill p' homag' and servicio suo all the 
lands which the said Robert holds '^de dono Amabil 
de Nevill sororis mei in Redburne, 
63 acres arable of land and half ex one part of the 
town of Redburne, and 33 acres of arable land and 
half ex the other part of the said town, and afterwards 16 
bovates of arable land in said town, '^cu tofts and crofts 
and rusticis ibidem manetibz & eos sequel," and one 
water mill near the messuage of John de Cauz 
"tota servic Alex cl'ci and Hamon de Redburn 
libr' tene'tum sine ullo retenemento cum omnibus 
alliis rebus," appertaining to the said tenements and 
" molendum infra villa and extra villa " &c., at 
the yearly rent of 6°* (?) sterling at the feast of the 
nativity of our Lord for all services &c, "salvi 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. yy 

servic d'ni Reg q' atu ptin ad '* i6 bovats of land in 
the barony of Redburn. 

12 Coram Rege Roll. Mich, 5 H. III. 

Radburne. Deed enrolled by which Alex de Neville 
confirms to Roger de Neville all the lands which 
he holds by the gift of Robert de Neville his brother 
in Radburn — the same lands. 

Witnesses. John Bonet, Jordan de Esseby, 

Robert de Amundeville, Nicholas de Neville, Robert 

fil Gauf, Robert Cossin, Michael Cossin, Roger 

Marshall, Richard Basset, and Simon de Neville, etc. 

12 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 5 H. III. 

Wilgeby. Simon de Neville and Beatrice his wife and 
Peter de Carmn' and Rosamunda his wife versus 
Simon de Roppest and Alicia his wife '^ de pt. 
ainsaisatoris dotis in Wilgeby undi ipsi Simon et 
alliis querent' quod ipsi Simon and Alicia plus 
heit in dote de libr' ten' quod fuit Willi le Scot 
quonda viri ipsius Alic q'm hr'e debent &c. et Simon' 
et Alic' in ven &c." adjourned to Hilary. 

17 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 7 H. III. 

Petronilla widow of Walter de Normaneby versus 
Ralph de Normaneby. 

18 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 8 H. III. 

West Rasene. Hugh Paganell versus Prior of St. Trinity 
de Ebor, the advowson of the church of West Rasene 
the deft, said that Hugh Paganell grandfather of the 
said Hugh gave the said advowson to his church, &c., 
which gift was confirmed by Fulco Paganell brother 
of Hugh the grandfather — false claim. 

Coram Rege Roll. Trinity 4 H. III. 

Pincebec. Nigel de Pincebec was attached to answer the 
prior of Spalding " qre non tenet ei fine fcm Int." 
Walter father of Nigel &c. "de x acr t cum ptin " 
in Pincebec. 

Coram Rege Roll. 6 Hil. 7 H. III. 

Reeston. Alice widow of Richard fil' Jollan' versus 
Gilbert fil Richard — 3^* part of i carucate of land 
&c. in Riston, versus William fil Richard 3"* part 30 
acr' land and one bovat of land in the said villa — and 


jS Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

versus Ralph fil Richard 3^^ part ^ bovat land in the 
said villa which she claims as her dower. 

20 Coram Rege Roll. 9 H. III. 

Agnes widow of Hubert de St. Quinton versus 
Anselm de St. Quintin — 3^* part of 6 bovates of land 
in Thimelby as her dower. Deft, called ad war 
John de St. Quintin. 

19 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 9 H. III. 

Emma widow of Alan de Scruteville " per attorn' 
su' " versus Peter de Alnatheby whom Richard de 
Karleton " voc ad war " — 5 bovates of land with 
appurtenances in Kirlingham and other 5 bovates in 
said ville ^' ut jus et maritagium suum/* &c. temp. 
King John, &c., and Peter came and defended his 
right to all the said land **et seisina sua," &c. — 
his ancestors held the said land at the conquest of 
England, also that Bunde his great grandfather died 
seized of the said lands in the time of Henry I. "et 
remasit fil suus infra aetate &c. in cusiodia com 
Willi' de Romare que custod' illius tre comisit 
Walter de Beningworth avunculus avi sui and idem 
Walter 'tra ilia demisit Petro de Guile qui t'nc fuit 
vie Line' et qui fuit antec ejusdem Emma & avus 
suus quat'o ven ad aetate pet' semp' t'ra sua et sibi pr' 
suis postea and idem Petrus portea temp./' John R 
recovered the said lands against Emma and her 
husband by default on their part, &c., " pon se. in 
maqrca assn dn R. et pet rec fr," as to whether he 
or said Emma has most right to the said land. 

24 Coram Rege Roll. 10 H. III. 

Matilda widow of Richard Selvein et John Hare' 
3rd part 5 bovates of land &c., in Mastun et 
Hagkeneby as her dower. 

24 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 10 H. IV. 

Adam Tuschet and Simon de Hastun and Sarra his 
wife — I Kts. fee in Bildebury and Munketun and 
2 Kts. fees in Salemundby and in Stratton in 
Com Lincoln as his right and of which Matilda Jiis 
grandmother died seized and from her it was 
descended to Adam her son who was father of the 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 










da. 6c coh. 

Adam Tuschrt 


s. & h. 


, I 

le Peitnin 

23 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 9 H. III. 

Alexander de Vilers versus Johan' de Neville. 
Warranty of 2 car : of land, &c., in Riggesby 
which he holds by deed of John de Neville, brother 
of the said John to him and his heirs. The 
Plaintiff saith that Ralph Musard and Isabella his 
wife claim the said land as the dower of the said 

9 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 4 H. III. 

Peter Earl of Britanny and Alicia his wife 
per Robert fiP Umfr' his attorney versus Ric 
Parleben — the advowson of the church of Witton 
— of which Stephen Earl of Britanny was seized 
" temp' Reg* Hen. sen " when he presented one 
Aldanus cleric' to said church. 

Stephen Earl of Brittany 
(seized of said advowson) 



Alan le Sauvage=p 
(seized, etc.) 




I . 

da. ic h. 


AliciB= Peter Earl 
d. ic h. of Britanny 

d. ic coh. 

Coram Rege Roll. 

Trin. 4 H. III. 


8o Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Lucia widow of Walter fil Ail^in v. Hugh le Bret 
— 3rd part I bovat of land, &c., in Salme in 
Wrangel, as her dower — Hugh came "et voc' ad 
war' " Simon le Bret. 

24 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 10 H. III. 

Agnes widow of Thomas de Andebury de Boteford 
versus Philip de Burgo whom Peter de Burgo "voc 
ad war" — 3rd part 100 "Sol tV'c ptin'Mn Fulcebcc 
and Ledeham. 

27 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 2 Hen. III. 

Rupert Upton. 

45. Barkham of Wainfleet. — ^The account which Mr. 
Oldfield gives us of this important family is incomplete and 
unsatisfactory, so I think it may be well to produce some 
evidences I have found at Gunby Hall, which correct and 
supplement his account. Sir William Massingberd was one 
of the Trustees of Sir Edward Barkham, Bart., which feet 
accounts for the presence at Gunby of papers relating to the 
Barkham femily. 

First comes the Will of Sir Edward Barkham, dated 19 Jan. 
1709. I give an abstract : — 

"I, S^ Edward Barkham of Wainfleet, C**. Line, bart., 
make my last will. I devise my lands &c. to S'. 
William Massingberd of Gunby, bart., and Dymoke 
Walpoole of Louth gent., on trust &c. — debts to be 
paid — residue to my cosen Robert Barkham of 
Wainfleet esq', and the heirs male of his body, in 
default to the heirs male of my great-grandfether 
S'. Robert Barkham, in defeult to my right heirs for 
ever — my dear wife's estate to be sold according to 
the settlement already made — to my sister Newcomcn 
2000;^, the interest for her own use during life her 
husband having nothing to do witli it, on her decease 
to her eldest son, in default 1000/ to her Executors 
and 1000;^ to my cousin Robert Barkham — to sister 
Smallpiece iooO£, interest (as in case of sister), on 
her decease to her son, in default to daughters. 
Robert Barkham to be Executor, if he is abroad 
S'. W". Massingberd and Dymoke Walpoole, if 
Robt. Barkham is dead his heir male shall be 
Executor — Personalty to Robt. Barkham." 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 8 1 

Robert Barkham died in Spain unmarried, and his brother 
Edward Barkham, as heir male of Sir Robert Barkham knt., 
and Samuel Newcomen and Mary his wife and James Small- 
piece and Hester his wife, the two ladies being sisters and heirs 
at law of Sir Edward Barkham last Baronet, claimed the 
estates. Sir William Massingberd submitted their claims to 
the judgment of the Court of Chancery, and I am able to 
give a memorandum of the pedigree, and abstracts of his 
answers to the claimants. 

First I give the pedigree, a glance at which will help to 
explain the family history. 

Sir Robert Barkham lent. 


Sir Edward Barkham, bart. Robert Barkham. 

I I 

Sir Robert Barkham | | ' I 

Robert Edward Michael 

died in Spain in the E. Indict in Portugal 
unmarried. and has istue. and has a ion. 

Sir Edward Barkham Robert Mary = Samuel Newcomen. 

last bart. ob. s.p. ob. s.p. H ester = James Smallpiece. 

The answer of Sir Wm. Massingberd to Edward Barkham, 
Esq., follows : — " He says he does not know whether 
complainant is heir male to S'. Robert Barkham, knt., but 
believes he may be brother and heir of Robert Barkham of 
WainHeet esq'., deceased, and that the said Robert might be 
son and heir of Robert Barkham esq', deceased, and that he 
might be one of the sons of the said Sir Robert Barkham knt. 
deceased. Sir Edward left two sisters heirs at law — Hester 
dead without issue— complainant might have been in the 
E Indies." The date is 1715. The answer of Sir W", 
Massingberd to Sam^ Newcomen and Mary his wife, and 
James Smallpiece and Hester his wife, gives some further 

^He believes that Sir Edward Barkham died Feb. 17 10, and 
that his Cousin Robert was killed in Spain in the life time of 
the said Sir Edward and left no issue. He leaves it to the 
judgment of the Court whether Mary and Hester should have 
the estates." 

It is clear from the pedigree I give that Mr. Oldfield was 
mistaken in supposing that Sir Edward Barkham the ist 
Bart, was succeeded by a son of the same name, his son was Sir 

Vol. -4. F Robert, 

82 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Robert, and Sir Edward his son. An extract from the 
Ingoldmells Court Rolls malces this quite certain. 

^^ I Oct. 1669. Edward Barlcham, bart., a free tenant and 
holding by copy of court roll, died since the last court seised of 
I messuage and 55 acres of pasture in Winthorpe. Robert 
Barkham bart. is his next heir and within the age of 21 years." 

The above pedigree clearly shows the relationship between 
Edward Barkham who succeeded to the family estates at 
Wainfleet and the last Baronet of the family. 

The mention in Sir Edward Barkham's will of his wife's 
estate may be supplemented by a memorandum of an agreement 
in 1707 "between Sir Edward Barkham bart. and William 
Marwood esq'., to divide in right of their wives the estates of 
Mr. Robert Boswell late of Thoresby." " Mr. Marwood to 
to have a 4th part of Thoresby old land." 

I am not certain of all the facts, but I have reason to think 
that John Boswell of Thoresby, esq',, had 3 sons, John, 
Robert, and Vere, who died without issue, and 4 daughters, 
Elizabeth, wife ist to Thomas Lodington of East ICirkby, 
2ndly to — Overton, who left an only child Frances wife of 
William Smithson, M.D., Alice wife to Dymoke Walpole of 
Louth, Ann wife to John Wolley of Alford, whose daughter 
Mary married Sir Edward BarJcham, bart., and Mary wife 
ist to Noah Mottram of Cawthorpe, 2ndly to William 
Marwood of Langton by Wragby. John Boswell married 
Mary daughter of Robert Newcomen, but as his daughter 
Elizabeth was married in 1671, and his daughter Mary 
baptised at Thoresby in 1670, it seems possible that the elder 
daughter may have been by a first wife. 

Mary the Lady of Sir Edward Barkham, Bart., was buried 
at S. Thoresby in linen, Dec. 19, 1709. 

There was certainly a relationship between the Bos wells of 
Thoresby and the Days of Sausthorpe, for on the death of 
Thomas Day in 1674, Elizabeth and Alice Boswell were 
found to be his heirs (Ingoldmells Court Rolls) ; possibly John 
Boswell's first wife was a Day. 

W. O. M. 

46. Field Names, &c., A.D. 1150-1284. 

In the following list of Field Names, &c., taken from the 
Alvingham Priory Register, I have placed the name in its 
most frequent form first, and synonyms in italics afterwards. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


I hope that 
derivations :- 




Aldcroft Nib. 


Alnabde Bridge 



Arnold ber 


Asttn Maref 

Ast hered land | 
Osti kemd load 





Brian Park 

Brochel mare 




your readers, learned in Norse, will suggest 



Cunneger Croft § 

QumiMgtr Croft 
Dik or Dikedale 
Difen or Dyfen 
Dued*8 Great Dale 
East nock 
Gild toft 
Gutten garmitten 
Haccot well 
Hale causie 
Hale syke 
Hallfuror Hallfer 




Holbeck II 




Hovedland wang 
Langtoft lands 

Laut or lauter grene 
Linganst landi 

* Amotes. — In a deed dated 1660 this is spelt Eamotes, which is exactly as our 
people pronounce it to this day (in spite of the map-makers' spelling of ** Eau "), or 
rather some of the old people still call it Ea-motes, though the more general use is 
£a meets. I suppose that motes is the Danish form of the more modern '* meets." 
The place is the meeting (or more accurately) the parting of the waters where the 
Lud splits into the two streams referred to by Mr. Morton in Vol. III., p. 106. 

t Astin Mare. — Astin, Estyne, and Hastane appear as different forms of the name 
of one of the landowners of Alvingham mentioned in the Register. There is a 
district called Austen Fen on the seaside of the Canal, now in the (civil) parish of 
Grainthorpe, but formerly part of Alvingham. The present name naturally 
suggests connection with some Augustinian Priory, but I believe there was none in 
the neighbourhood. I would suggest that Austen Fen is simply the old Astin Mare, 
especially as in an old map of the last century it is spelt Hausten Fen. 

X Ast hered land. — I am indebted to my neighbour, Mr. Whistler, of 
Theddlethorpe, for the following note — *'The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (Anno 787] 
speaks of 3 ships of Northmen of Hereda land which came to the West Saxon 
shore," $tc. Hereda lande being either Hordaland a large district of Norway in 
Viking times, " King of Hordalandins " being used synonymously for King of Norway 
or the country on the south side of Drontheim Fiord — still called Hered land. 
Grimsby is distinctly stated in Snorro Sturieson's Heims-kringla to have been 
settled by Norwegians, and the existence of this name at Alvingham would seem 
to point out the district from which they came. 

4 The Queen's — Croft Domesday Book gives one carucate of land in Alingham as 
soke of the manor of Gettone (Gayton), which belonged to Queen Editha. 

II Holbeck. — I found this so named in the old map before mentioned, and it is 
literally the '*bcck in the hollow." 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Mercroft nummer 





Thyfer dale 







Michell mare 











Tunsdalc Croft 



Durutal Ooft 








Scortwest landes 



Siward fen 





Outfcn ^ 




(To be continued.) 

47. Great Storm, Xmas. 1708. — Transcript of a Copy 
taken from the Bolingbroke Registers : — " A remarkable storm 
in Christmas 1708-9, in which it snew (sic) twelve days 
together almost incessantly. Feby. ist, 1 714-15 was a remark- 
able storm which according to common report blew down some 
thousand of houses in ys kingdom. Few houses wt stood 
escaped being stripped by this violent storm. And also blew 
the water out of the mote (sic) by the castle into the market- 
place. Christmas 1 715-16 we had a very great snow almost 
as great an one as had been known in the memory of man and 
with a violent frost of about ten weeks duration : in this storm 
several persons perished upon the roads, two men were lost 
betwixt here and Boston in the Fenns. 

17 1 9. This was a remarkable dry year, such as had not 
happened in the memory of man. Ye hay harvest was the 
smallest that ever was known. This year people were so 
generally afflicted with agues and fevers that it was with great 
difficulty and expense that hands enough could be obtained to 
get in the harvest : in the autumn and winter parts there were 
very great mortalitys in most parts of England. Holland in 
Lincolnshire had a double share in the calamity in most towns 
these whole families were carried off by this epidemical 
distemper. The mortality was no less remarkable amongst the 
Clergy of this neighbourhood for this year died 
The Rev*. Mr, Kensal Vicar of Boston 
The Rev*. Mr. West Vicar of East Kirkby 
The Rev, Mr. Kelham Rector of 

^ Still 80 called. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 85 

The Rev*. Mr, Cope Rector of Kirlcby upon Bain 

The Rev. Mr. Vaux Vicar of Sturton 

Rev. Mr. Leach Rector of Winceby 

Rev. Mr. Cuthbert Vicar of Thorpe 

Rev. Mr. Walker Vic', of Croft 

Rev. Mr. Burnett Vic', of Brough 

Rev. Mr. Thompson Rector of Wainfleet 

Rev. Mr. Maddock Rector of Trusthorpe 

Rev. Mr. Raper Vic', of Saleby 

Rev. Mr. Nichols Rector of 

Rev. Mr. Hodson Curate of Scamblesby and Caulkwcll 

Rev. Mr. Chace Rector of Man by 

Rev. Mr. Ogle Rector of Tathwell 

Rev. Mr. Thompson Rector of Newton 

Rev. Mr. Wainfleet, Ferdinworth [Faldingworth ?]" 

G. Maughan, M.A. 

48. Alvingham Priory Register (Vol. III., p. 183). — 
As a supplement to the interesting account of this book given 
by Mr. Goulding, the following facts may be worth recording : — 
The manuscript is in several different handwritings, and was 
undoubtedly (at any rate in part) written from dictation. On 
no other supposition would it be possible to account for such a 
mistake as the substitution of " husbande " in the Index on 
p. 25a. for " Osbert," as it appears in the full charter on p. 75a. 
This would probably be the cause of some other mistakes and 
also for the unusually rich profusion of varieties of spelling, 
which may be met with in the book ; for instance, one man 
appears as Sweyne, Swaine, Swane, Swan, Suen, and Suaneys, 
four of these forms coming on one page. The Barnabe Goche 
whose name appears so prominently on the title page, that he 
was probably the owner, if not the translator, of the book, 
might be any of the following three : — 

I. Barnabe Googe (whose name is also spelt Goge, 
Gouge, Goche, and Gouche) was born at Alvingham 
in 1540, being the son of Rob. Googe, Esq., 
Recorder of Lincoln, by his wife Margaret daughter 
of Sir Walter Mantell. He first entered as an 
undergraduate at Christ's College, Cambridge, and 
then migrated to New College, Oxford, but 
apparently took no degree. On leaving the 
University he became a retainer of his cousin 


86 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Wm. Cecil, Ld. Burghley, who in 1574 sent him 
over to Ireland (as an intelligencer or letter writer) 
to keep him (Cecil) well informed of the doings of 
the Earl of Essex. He remained in Ireland 
generally till 1585, becoming Provost Marshall of 
the Presidency Court of Connaught. He published 
several works, including a translation of Regnum 
Tapisticum by Naogeorgus (Thos. Kirchmeyer). 
In 1565 he married Mary, daughter of Thos. 
Darrell, of Scotney Manor House, Kent, and died 
in 1593, leaving 8 children, including 

2. Barnabe, the date of whose birth I have not been 

able to learn, but he graduated at Cambridge B.A. 
1586, M.A. 1590, L.L.D. 1604, and was Master of 
Magd. Coll. from 1604 to 1626, when he died. 
It is to be noted that while the father's name was 
generally some form of Googe, the son's both in 
the Cambridge Calendar and in the College Records 
is spelt Goche (as in the Alvingham Register). 
It is quite possible that this Barnabe had good 
reason to feel an interest in Alvingham Priory, 
apart from the fact of his hther being born at 
Alvingham, for in 1587 Sir Chr. Wray, Lord 
Chief Justice of England, gave to Magd. Coll. 
the Impropriate Parsonage of Garnthorpe (which 
had belonged formerly to the Priory), for the 
maintenance of two Fellows and six Scholars, 
preferably from Lincolnshire, of whom Barnabe 
may have been one. 

3. Four years after his death, in 1630, another Barnaby 

Gooee appears at North Somercotes, as one of the 

appellants in Endymion Porter's enclosure case — 

possibly a nephew who still lived at Alvingham. 

The Priory is said by Cobbett in his Confiscated t>tbbeys^ Vc^ 

to have been founded in the reign of King Stephen, by Robert 

Chesney, Bishop of Lincoln, and its revenues were granted in 

5 Ed. VI. (1552) to Edward, Lord Clinton. 

Stephen's reign was 11 30-1 154, and Robert's Episcopate 
1148-1167, which would give the date of foundation between 
1 148 and 1 154. 

Dugdali I have not seen, but I believe that he refers the 
foundation to Stephen's reign. Dates in the Register are very 
scarce (only 16 being given) : the earliest I have been able to 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 87 

fix hitherto, is a grant of Dean Hamlin, who was Dean of 
Lincoln c. 11 64. 




recent meeting of the Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire Archi- 
tectural and Archaeological Society at Horncastle, in June, the 
Rev. Canon Quarrington, Vicar of Horncastle, asked the 
following pertinent questions in his inaugural address welcoming 
the Society respecting the position of the ancient Church in 
Horncastle : — 

(i). "Does the name of St. Lawrence-street point to the 
position of the Building mentioned in the 
Records of Richard L ? " 
(2). "Up to the commencement of the 15th century 
Horncastle was a Rectory, and the Bishops of 
Carlisle the Lords of the Manor. How comes 
it that the owner of Revesby Manor is now 
lay Rector of Horncastle ? " 
Horncastle. Antiquary. 

50. Joshua Drewry, Lincoln. — Can anyone give 
particulars of Joshua Drewry, printer, at Lincoln, who founded 
the Staffordshire Advertiser in 1795? He died in 1825 or 
1826. This son, who is now 91, resides near Stafford. The 
fullest particulars are required for the issue of the centenary 
number of thd Staffordshire Advertiser^ to be published on the 
last Saturday of the present year (1894). 

Stafford. J. L. Cherry. 

51. The Mass Army. — In the Overseer's accounts of 
Woodhall, there are several mentions of sums paid for carrying 
"notices of the Mass Army," in the early years of the present 

" 1814 Aug"*. 14 a journey to the warf to carry the 
notices of the Army of the Mass i/-'* 
This is followed by 

" Collecting Bounty for Army of Reserve 4/-" 
What was this " Mass Army ?" Was it any of our forces 
employed in Holland on the river Maas, or Meuse ? In the 


88 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

lax spelling of the time the word is sometimes given as 
"Mass," sometimes as "Masse," and sometimes as " Marce " 
or " Marse," as 

"Nov. 23 (1805), Jorney to Horncastle with the 
Militia and Marce list i/-. Nov. 24 (1814) 
Jorney to Horncastle with the Militia list and 
Army of Marse 4/-" 

Another entry is 

" Journey to Horncastle to drew the Militia and Army 
Reserve 4/-" 

This probably is explained by another entry 

" A journey to Horncastle to ballot the Militia 4/-." 

Langton Rectory^ Horncastle. J. Conway Walter. 

52. Thomas Smith c. 1510. — 

Dorothy d. of Thomas-=" Thomas Smith of 
Yonge of Roxwell in Lyncolnshyr." 

Elsex, Gent. c. 1580. 

Can any Lincolnshire genealogist identify this Thomas 
Smithy and oblige me also with his heraldic bearings ? 


53. Family of Howard of Wrawby. — A Mr. John 
Howard resided at Wrawby nr. Brigg in or about the year 

Is it known whether any member of his family be now 
living in this country ? Should any such see this will he have 
the kindness to write to me. 

2, Lindum Terrace^ Lincoln. G. Maughan, M.A. 

54. Foreign Refugees in the Isle of Axholme 
(Vol. IV., p. 24). — Archdn. Stonehouse in his History of the 
Isle of Axholme^ p. 357, gives a list of French and Dutch 
settlers, and among them a Noah Agar or Egar. 

G. Maughan, M.A. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 89 

55. Family of Stovin. (Vol. IV., p. 62.) — In reply 
to the query respecting this family, I append an extract from 
" Notes on the Parish Register of Crowle," published in an 
almanac at that place about ten years ago : — 

"Under 1606 the name of Stovin appears for the 
first time, George Stovin marrying ' An ' Turn hill, on 
1st December. The name occurs pretty frequently after, 
but it is impossible to work out a pedigree. In 1621 
Frances, daughter of George, was baptized, and in 1642 
she was married to Simon Empson, apparently the first or 
the intermarriages between these fiimilies. In 1638 
George Stovin married Elizabeth Margrave, and in 1640 
Robert Stovin espoused Elizabeth Pinder, The Stovins 
were the owners of Tetley in Crowle, but when they 
acquired it has not yet been ascertained. The so-called 
tradition which the crest — a strung bow — is made to 
support, that the first was the chief of the bow stringers 
in the Conqueror's army, is unworthy of consideration. 
The owner of Tetley in the time of the Commonwealth, 
George Stovin, seems to have become a Quaker, and for 
attending unlawful religious services was taken off to 
Lincoln Castle and died a prisoner therein, as the 
antiquary had heard from his grandmother and his uncle 
George, then 16 ; so in 1680 if the George baptized in 
1664. Further particulars are given in the local history 
by Archdeacon Stonehouse. He married Ann Clarke, a 
grand-daughter of Richard Brewer, of Crowle. James 
Stovin, Esq., of Crowle, their son, on account of his 
independent character and large property, possessed great 
influence in the Isle. He was Hieh Sheriff of Lincoln- 
shire in 1725. His house was the Targe rambling one on 

the south side of the Market Place Mr. 

Stovin afterwards bought Tetley of George, his elder 
brother, went to live there, died there nth Oct., 1739, 
set. 61, and was buried in the grounds next his wife, who 
died ten years before. He left five sons and three 
daughters, the eldest of whom only he seems to have had 
baptized, George, on the ist March, 1695-96. This 
was George Stovin, Esq., the antiquary, of whose life and 
character Mr. Hunter in his History of South Torkshire 
gives us some interesting particulars, which are here added 
to. On the 22nd April, 171 7, he was married in York 
Minster to Sarah, daughter and heiress of Mr. James 



90 Lincolnshire Notes & paries. 

Empson, of Goole, and two or three years after came to 
live at Crowle, building a small house for himself, which 
from his being already a magistrate was called 
" Justice Hall." Over the porch are the arms of Stovin, 
G.S.S., and the date 1726. He was not brought up to 
any profession, but led the life of a country gentleman, 
which afforded abundant leisure to prosecute his fiivourite 
topographical and antiquarian researches, taking great 
interest in the affairs of the neighbourhood. He scarcely 
ever left the Levels, living at Crowle, and with the true 
feeling of a native antiquary, thinking no part of 
England comparable to Axholme, and no town equal to 
Crowle. He might lead a quiet and sober life, but 
domestic sorrows multiplied. He buried five children in 
the grounds at Tetley. George, his dutiful son, whom 
he had entered at Gray's Inn, died at the hopeful age of 
17, and was interred in the chancel. In 1745 his wife 
died, and though he buried her in the church he put a 
gravestone to her memory at Tetley, with an incompre- 
hensible coat of arms, quarterly : i Stovin, 2 Empson, 
3 Clarke, 4 Smithson. In spite of his regard for Crowle^ 
in the latter part of his life he crossed the Trent, and 
fixed his residence at Winterton, placing over his door 
there also a carved shield with his arms and his wife's, as 
at Justice Hall. 'There he spent the concluding years of 
his life, living,' writes Mr. Hunter, *as I am informed by 
one who knew him well, in a little cottage which he had 
made arcadian with honeysuckle and other flowers, where 
he was to be seen every morning at five with his pipe. 
Having a good memory, and full of anecdote, he was 
accustomed to amuse his neighbours.' He died in May, 
1780, aged 85, and was buried in the chancel of Winterton 
church, on the 14th, but he who had erected so many 
memorials never had a monument placed over him. He 
printed an account of Lindholme on a single sheet, which 
is now a rare curiosity, and left behind him a quarto 
MS. of over 400 closely written pages, which Mr. 
Hunter had the use of, and of which an abstract by the 
late Mr. Charles Jackson, of Doncaster, appeared in the 
Yorkshire t/trchaological Journal, He left a son James. 
His sister, Susannah, married at York Minster, in 1738, 
Mr. John Froggatt, and had with a son, two daughters, 
Mrs. Stovin, of Hurst Priory, and Ann, wife of Thomas 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 91 

Lightfoot, of Crowle, Surgeon. Another sister of the 
antiquary, Ann, married Thomas Lister, of Eastoft, 
Gent., who died in 1729, and has a pretty tablet to his 
memory in the chancel. She married afterwards John 
Cowley. Her son, Thomas Lister, Esq., was the last of 
the family, but not of the name, for he left his property 
to his mother's nephew, George Stovin, of Tetley, on 
condition he took the name and Arms of Lister. . . " 

ff^est View Terrace^ Stamford, E. Bentley Wood. 

56. The Arnolds of Coleby (Vol. IV. p. 63). — As Mr. 
Gregson Slater mentions " Adam Arnold of Coleby Hall " 
in his query as to the Rocs and Mere fiimilies, the following 
particulars taken from Major Tempest's " Coleby " deeds may 
be of interest to him: — "By deed dated 10 Nov. 1573 
(16 Eliz.), William Baxter of Metheringham, gent., conveys, 
for /[600, to John Arnold of Stoke co. Nottingham, gent., the 
manor of North Hall, Coleby nigh Navenby co. Lincoln, with 
all its manorial rights, &c. 3 messuages, 3 tofts, 2 dovecotes, 
and land and pasture (N®'. 31 to 34). The 25**. Feb. 1577-8 
(20 Eliz.) Anthony Thorald of Blankney Esq', conveys to 
John Arnold of Stoke juxta Newark, 4 messuages with land in 
Colebv lately purchased of Henry Odingzells (N**. 40). The 
inquisition post mortem John Arnall declares he died the 12 Sept. 
28 Eliz. (1585) seized of the manor of Northall, Coleby, with 
7 messuages &c. in Coleby co. Lincoln held of the Queen in 
capite. A deed is quoted dated 22 Jan. 1 580-1 (23 Eliz.) by 
which John Arnall had, in conformance to an agreement made 
by him 4 Feb. 1535-6 (27 Hen. viij.), enfeoffed John Boune 
Christ. Strelly, and Adam Arnall of 4 messuages in Coleby for 
his wife Ann's jointure. The heir was found to be William 
Arnall the son, aged 23 years on the i"* Aug. 1585, and livery 
of the lands was accordingly granted to him by license dated 
5 July 1587. 29 Eliz. (No. 41). This Will. Arnall or 
Arnold, appears to have married Anne, the daughter of Francis 
Harington of South Witham Esq. 

"By a fine dated at S*. Albans 20 May 1593, Will. Arnall 
gent, and Ann his wife convey to Francis Harington Esq', and 
to Thomas Harington gent., the manor of Northall in Coleby 
with six messuages, &c. (No. 42). The i"* Oct. 1600 
Thomas Harington of South Witham Esq., in consideration of 
^910, conveys to Will. Arnall of Coleby, gent., the manor of 


92 Lincolnshire Notes & ^ertes. 

Nosthall, Coleby with 7 messuages, lands &c., as purchased by 
him and his father francis Harington of the said William, a« 
by indenture dated 29 Oct. 35 Eliz. (not now forthcoming) 
plainly sheweth. The manor and manor house with one 
cottage were settled upon William and his wife Anne, as part 
of her jointure, and upon their heirs. The other premises 
were for the use of Anne, the wife, during the lifetime of 
Ann Arnall the mother. Will Arnall bound himself not to 
alienate any of the above during his wife's life, nor of any of 
her male heirs, without the consent of Thomas Harington 
(who was to be a trustee for the settlement so long as he lived), 
or of Will. Boddenden of Ryall co. Rutland, or of Alexander 
Pell of Boothby Pannell. The lease of one fiarm let at 25". 8^*. 
for fifteen years was reserved by Harington. The deed is 
endorsed in old writing, probably Arnall s. ' Conveyance for 
my broth'. Harington for Coleby ' (N*^. 45 & 46. 

" In February 1604-5, William Arnall raised money on one 
of his farms, but re-entered in December of the same year in 
the presence of ' my brothers Edmund Arnall and John 
Arnall* (N®. 48). In may 161 o he again raised money, 
borrowing from George Bowne of London, gent. (N°. 51). 

"In September 161 1, Anthony Thorold, of Hough on the 
Hill, CO. Lincoln Esq., conveyed to Will, and Edmund Arnall 
of Coleby, gents., and Henry Wood of Heckington Esq., a 
farm in Coleby which had been purchased of Thomas Disney 
Esq. (N®. 57), and on the same day assigned to the Arnallsthe 
lease he held under the Crown of certain land in Coleby 
belonging to the Castle of Somerton. William Arnall sealed 
with a wyvern standing on a torce between the letters W and 
A, while Edmund Arnall used a dolphin naient embowed 
(No. 58). 

" In June 1623, Will. Arnall granted to Thomas Harington 
of Boothby Pannell and James Lamley of Horbling, gent., 
three messuages, with land in Coleby, the deed being endorsed 
* The deed of i o oxgangs to me and my brother Lamley from 
my brother Will'm Arnall, 161 3' (N^ 59). The 10 
September 161 3, William Arnall with Annie his wife, in 
consideration of ^1800, conveyed to Anthony Thorold of 
Hough-on-the-Hill, the manor of North Hall, Coleby, with 
the capital messuage commonly called the Northall with all 
rights, rents and lands, also three other messuages and the third 
part of a farm lately purchased of the said Anthony Thorold. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 93 

Certain leases are reserved, one being a mortgage to Francis 
Harington of London, woollen draper (N**". 60 & 61). The 
license from the Crown to alienate was dated at Westminster 
I Sept. 1 1 James I. (N®. 62). In October of the same 
year Will. Arnall and Anne his wife sign a full release to M'. 
Thorald and to Cecil Hall of Grantham to whom Thorold 
sold the Coleby estates, of all claim on the manor or lands of 
Northall Coleby (N®*. 63 & 65), thus severing their connection 
with Coleby. Besides this William the vendor, John Arnall 
the original purchaser of Coleby had two other sons, Edmund 
and John. Edmund Arnall owned the manor of South Hall, 
Coleby, which by a note in his hand dated 1615 had chief 
rents of ;^4 8. 7. payable to it yearly. In May 161 5 this 
Edmund in consideration of £^y sold to Cecil Hall, the owner 
of North Hall, the windmill and its site in Coleby lying near 
the King's highway, and he used a small wyvern for his seal 
(N®. 7S). In July, 13 James I., he sold to William Binks of 
Westborough co. Lincoln the manors of South and Middle 
Hall with his land and the capital messuage called Southall, 
with all its rights and appurtenances in Coleby (N®. 78). 
This Edmund then disappears from Coleby. The other 
brother John is evidently the one describing himself in 
November 16 15 as of Maperley co. Derby, when he signed a 
bond to perform covenant, probably a release, to Cecil Hall 


The following are the Arnall or Arnold entries in Coleby 
parish register, which commences 1561 ; — 

Richard Arnall, christened 23 Dec. 1582, buried 12 
January 1583-4 

John Arnall buried 13 September 1585 

Francys Arnall christened 11 October 1589 buried 8 
November 1590 

ffriswith Arnall christened 15 December, 1591 

Barbara Arnall christened 7 April 1592 

John Arnall christened 19 January 1393-4 

Richard Arnall christened i August 1595, buried 3 April 


Anne Arnall christened 26 March 1597 buried 22 May 
same year. 

Christopher Arnall christened 5 September 1599 buried 
25 October, same year 


94 Lincolnshire Notes G? Queries. 

Alexander Arnall christened March 1 600-1 
William Arnall christened 8 December 1605 • 
Margaret, daughter of John Arnall, gent buried 28 
August 1629. 

Coleby Hall. E.B.T. 


Records of the Oust Family of Tinchbec^ Stamford and 
Belton in Lincolnshire. Part I. Compiled by Lady Elizabeth 
Cust. London : Mitchell & Hughes, 1894. 4to. pp. iv., 212. 

All who take an interest in Lincolnshire genealogy will 

welcome this the first instalment of a work which has been 

known to have been long in hand, and which has been 

anxiously expected. It has fully justified our hopes. We see 

in the part published a carefully compiled, clearly written 

account of a family whose history is in many respects much 

more interesting to the true genealogist than those which have 

swelled the Volumes of Collins and Burke. And the reason is 

simple. We have here a narrative based on solid facts. The 

Compiler has gone to the fountain-head for information, has 

left no original sources unexplored, has taken nothing for 

granted which could not be proved. Anyone who is familiar 

with the genealogies which crowd the pages of peerages and 

baronetages will appreciate this criticism. There is a thorough 

honesty throughout the work which enhances its value in the 

eyes of anyone who wishes to know the plain truth. It is 

impossible to refrain from a smile when one considers what 

the courtly genealogist of former days would have built upon 

the " Sir Peter de Cust " tradition. We should have had a 

glowing account of the Knightly progenitors in mediaeval 

times i a veil discreetly drawn over the Elizabethan period ; 

winding up with the rise into prominence at the close of the 

17th century. Lady Elizabeth Cust contents herself with 

simplv stating facts, and although she shows good reason for 

thinking the Custs were in Pinchbeck at a much earlier date 

than 1479, yet she candidly allows that absolute proof is 

wanting to connect the Custs of the later dale with those of 

the 14th century. Setting aside absolute proof, there can be 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 95 

no reasonable doubt that the family has existed in Pinchbeck 
and ether places in the Holland division for six centuries, and 
the tenacity with which it clung to the same locality is most 
remarkable. Few Peers can boast of having in their possession, 
as Earl Brownlow can, land which has descended in the direct 
male line for so long a period. 

Of course to those who crave for romantic incidents, 
knightly adventures, feats of arms, the plain simple tale of the 
Custs will seem but a chronicle of small beer. But to a 
student of constitutional history we can imagine it to be far 
from uninteresting. The tract of country in Lincolnshire 
called Holland is peculiar in many respects : in features, in 
soil^ and in race. 

The Fen- men of the 17th and i8th centuries were a 
stubborn and intractable race. They fiercely resisted the 
enclosure of the Fens, and gave considerable trouble to the 
Commissioners appointed to carry it out. The Holland men 
were Parliamentarian to the backbone. There were few large 
estates. As a rule the proprietors were men such as the Custs, 
owning and cultivating small estates which had descended to 
them from remote times. Such men were likely to be sturdy 
and independent in character, frugal in habits, industrious in 
business. They were not overshadowed by great Feudal 
Lords. The nature of the country, flat and intersected by drains, 
would deter noble and knightly families from living in it when 
once the age of feudalism was past, and mansions situated in 
pleasant parks took the place of moated castles. Inaccessibility 
was no longer an attraction for a great proprietor. The 
history of the Custs down to the latter part of the 17th 
century, as told us in the volume just issued, shows us how a 
&mily in this region gradually increased in substance and 
consequence. It was a steady accretion of acreage and 
personalty. No Cust did anything extraordinary. It was not, 
as in the case of the Boyles, one single member springing into 
prominence. The prosperity of the family did not advance by 
leaps and bounds. But each generation grew somewhat richer 
than the previous one till Samuel Cust, with whom this 
volume closes, made a decided step forward \ entered his 
pedieree in the visitation of 1634, and moved away from the 
cradle of the race into towns such as Boston and Stamford. 

We are left just as the family is going to take its place 
among what are usually called '^ County Families," for Samuel 
was father of the ist Baronet, Sir Richard Cust. From this 


96 Lincolnshire Notes & ^uertes. 

point the &mily history will assume a different character, but, 
unless we are utterly mistaken, the portion already given will 
be found not less interesting than that which is to follow. 
There is a strong family-likeness running throughout all 
genealogies of noble families in the last century, but the sketch 
given us by Lady Elizabeth Cust of this family down to the 
close of the 17th century is, so far as Lincolnshire is concerned, 
almost unique. 

Space forbids our enlarging further on the merits of this 
volume. It has all the advantages of good paper and clear 
type. We could have wished indeed that more letters 
relating to the civil war could have been found, for it is so 
difficult to account for the different treatment sustained by 
Cavalier and Roundhead families in that stormy time ; but no 
doubt the Custs were materially assisted by having connexions 
on the other side. They emerged from the struggle distinctly 
the better, while other families sank and disappeared. The 
Ogles and Welbys (of Gedney), who lorded it over them in 
the i6th century, succumbed in the 17th. History only 
repeats itself, and agricultural depression is doing now what 
the civil war did in changing the ownership of estates and 
reversing the position of families. We must conclude with 
expressing our hearty thanks to Lady Elizabeth Cust for her 
valuable contribution to our county's history. 

Phillimoris Pedigree Forms. Comprising (i) Ancestral 
Tablets, (2) Seize Quartiers Tablets, (3) Blank Shields, (4) 
Ruled Pedigree Paper, (5) Instructions. Lond. : of the 
Author, 124, Chancery Lane, and Chas. J. Clark, 4 Lincoln's 
Inn Fields, W.C. [1894] 8vo. 2s. for one set. 

These are very well adapted for tracing paternal and 
maternal lines of ancestry, as also the Seize Quartiers of each 
individual. In England we have not been wont to pay strict 
attention to the Seize Quarters, which on the Continent used 
to be an indispensable qualification for admission into certain 
circles, and the consequence is comparatively few people can 
make out what would satisfy the severe scruples of a German 
Herald, viz., sixteen great-great grandparents, each entitled to 
bear arms. The test applied to our Dukes is mortifying. 
The Duke of Norfolk fails signally. The Duke of Rutland 
is perhaps the best. Mr. PhiTlimore's Forms may be recom- 
mended as practically useful for the purpose. 

z =• 


Notes & Queries. 


EREDOS, Lincoln.— The Stone Rere- 
dos, of which an illustration is given 
with this number of Lines. N. (^ ^., is 
built high up into the East wall of the 
pantry in Miss Peacocic's house. No. 4, 
James Streetjinhabited by Major Kennedy, 
and it is to the kindness and sicill of Miss 
J. E, Kennedy that we are enabled to 
give a very accurate representation of this interesting piece of 

It is a bas-relief of 15th century date, and is divided into 
three parts, as usual with these rereiloses or "tabulsc." In the 
northernmost, St. Katherine is being tortured by being placed 
between four wheels armed with knives, the two upper ones of 
which are being broken by angels. In the middle division is 
our Saviour on the cross, with SS. Mary and John on either 
side. The right hand portion represents St. Katherine's 
beheadaL by sword. 

The bas-relief is said to have come from a house at the 

south-east corner of Castle Hill, which was pulled down in 

1796. It has evidently been the reredos or "tabula" of an 

altar, which was frequently of wood and made in three parts. 

Vol. 4.— No. 28. October. g the 

98 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

the two wings to shut in the centre one. St. Katherine, the 
patron saint of learning dedicated to the church's cause, whose 
festival still survives in our Blaclcletter Saints' days on Nov. 
25, was particularly honoured in Lincoln by being the patron 
saint of St. Katherine's Priory, a Gilbertine foundation, just 
outside the South Bar, which (as mentioned in an account of 
the Priory {Lines. N. iff ^., Vol. II., p. 211) should have been 
dedicated only to St. Mary or St. Andrew. 

It is indeed probable that this interesting sculpture originally 
came from the Priory Church where it may have adorned the 
altar of a chapel of the Patron Saint. 

E. M. S. 

58. An Old Account of Sedgebrook. — "The Parish 
Church of Sedgebrooke, alias Sedbroolce, with East Allington, 
in the Deanery of Grantham, is divided into two medieties 
running equally through both those places. They are both 
Reftories, but one of them a sinecure, and called the 
Deaconry, as the glebe belonging to it is called the Deacon 
Glebe, and the incumbent has been called the Deacon. There 
is nothing due for him to do but the providing the ringing of 
a bell at morning and night every day, except Sunday ; and it 
is presumed therefore that for that, and the like ministerial! 
purpose, a Deacon was appointed from the neighbouring 
Abbey of Newbo, to which the profits of his mediety were 
appropriated. Since the Reformation, the donation of both 
Reftories has been in the Crown. 

" The Church is a fair country parish Church, with a large 
chancell which opens on each side into a place or building 
added thereto, and designed, the one on the north side for a 
buriall place for the Abbey afore mentioned, the other on the 
south for a buriall place for the family of the Markhams. It 
was built, if not the whole Church, in Edward IV's. days, by 
Sir John Markham, that excellent person whom Fuller, in his 
Holy Statiy gives for the example of the upright judge, as 
having lost the place of Lord Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas for his integrity ; after which losse he retired to this 
place, and sequestering himself from the world, he spent his 
last days in devotion in a chamber which he made over this 
buriall place. There remains a chimney in the wall, some 
ends of joists, and other marks that justify this tradition, as do 
also the many basons for Holy Water, and other marks of 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 99 

devotion, according to the humor of those times, shew the 
piety of his disposition. And God hath blessed him with a 
worthy posterity that have been all along remarkable for that 
justice, honor, and goodness, and have been for some descents 
dignified with the title of Baronett." — Harl. MSS., 6822, 
p. 171, quoted in the Topographer^ ^79^' 

A note says, " This estate of Sedgebroolce having been in 
the family of Marlcham many years, Sir George Marlcham 
bequeathed it to Dr. Wilson who gave it to his nephew 
Mr. Cracroft of Louth who has since much dissipated it." 

Gough says of the Lord Chief Justice that he was displaced 
for refusing, though desired by King Edward IV., to give a 
charge contrary to his conscience. 

A. E. Welby. 

59. An Early Lincoln Will, A.D. 1280. — 

Liber Centuriarum. Fol. 215. 

Testamentum Johannis Nepolis Thoraldi. 

^'In nomine patris et filii et spiritus ssinSd Amen. Ego 
Johannes Nepos Thoraldi ciuis Lincoln. Condo 
testamentum meum die San£li Dionysii martyris. 
Anno gratie mcc o£togesimo. In primis commendo 
animam meum deo et beate marie et omnibus sandtis. 
Corpus vero meum sepeliendum in Cimiterio sandti 
michaelis super montem Line. Do leeo cum corpore 
meo di&e ecclesie sandti michaelis meRorem pannum 
meum pro principali secundum consuetudinem Line. 
Item capellano diSte ecclesie vjd. Et clerico di£le 
ecclesie iiid. Item fabrice di£te ecclesie xiid. Item 
ad inveniendum unum cereum super altare feati 
Nicholai in di6b ecclesia primo anno prout obitum 
meum xijd. Item fabrice matris ecclesie Line. xijd. 
Item cuilibet Anachorite Line. ijd. Item domino 
Johanni de Tynton capellano peluim et lanatorium 
meum. Item vola quod ilia terra mea cum edificiis et 
omnibus pertinentibus quam emi de domina Johanna 
de Lekeburn ubi solebam reponere fru£tus meos 
vendatur permanus executorum meorum ad debita mea 
adquietanda. Et quod residuum fuerit postquam 
debita mea fuerint adquietata distribuatur pauperibus 
per manus executorum meorum pro anima mea. 


loo Lincolnshire Notes & Siueries. 

Videlicet fratribus minoribus Line. xs. de predida 

terra. Item Agneti sorori mee ijs. de predi£bi terra. 

Item duobus nepotibus ijs. de predidla terra. 

Item Matilda nepoti mee vjd. Item volo quod xij. 

bidentes partem meum contingentes panni mei et 

torcular meum vendantur per manus executorum 

meorum, et pecunia que mihi inde contingit distrib- 

uatur pauperibus in Ciuitate Line, pro anima mea 

per manus executorum meorum primo die sepulture 

mee et in die septimo. Item lego Cicilie uxori mee 

omnia vtensilia domus mee tam maiora quam minora 

cuiuscunque valoris vel precii sint argentea aurea 

enea ferrea plumbea lignea vel quecunque alia. 

Volo et quod di£b Cecilia Nabeat rationabilem 

partem suam de omnibus bonis meis tam legatis ad 

vendendum quam aliis postquam debita nostra sunt 

persoluta secundum consuetudinem Ciuitatis Line. 

Hec sunt debita que debeo videlicet Roberto Sturdi 

vjs. Huius testamenti nos constituo executores 

meos videlicet Ceciliam vxorem meam, dominum 

Johannem de Tynton capellanum et Gilbertum 

Album de parochia san£ii Michaelis. Quibus 

potestatem de omnibus bonis meis ad vendendum 

distribuendum et ordinandum pro anima mea quod 

melius viderint expedire et deo placere." 

The above will, taken from a MS. vol. in the Muniment 
room of the Dean and Chapter, I give as a good specimen of 
its kind, and valuable on account of its early date, 1280. It is 
worth while noticing " Domina Johanna de Lekeburn." She 
was the wife of one of a knightly family seated at Leebourn, 
near Louth, and taking its name from the place. In Massing- 
herd's History of Ormsby^ p. 36, we find in a list of knights 
taken from a Lincoln yfssize Roll of 1202 the names of Robert 
son of William de Lekeburn, and Herbert de Lekeburn. In 
the Visitation of 1562, at p. 130, the name is given as "Atbcke 
alias Legborne," and the heiress Anne marries John Auncell 
and has a daur. and heiress Joan, who marries William Upton. 
His descendant John Upton in 1534 mentions his lands in 

The bequest of ijd. to each Anchorite is also noticeable. An 
Anchorite lived at the foot of the Greezen, hodie Grecian 
Stairs, in the 14th century. ^ ^ Maddison. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. loi 

60. Ghost in Bolingbroke Castle. — "One thinge is 
not to be passed by, affirmed as a certaine trueth by the 
inhabitants of the town upon their owne knowledge, which is 
that the Castle is haunted by a certaine spirit in the lilcenesse 
of a hare ; which att the meeting of the auditors doeth usually 
runne betweene theire legs, and sometymes over throws them, 
and so passes away. They have pursued it downe into the 
castle yard, and seene it take in att a grate into a lower celler, 
and have followed it thither with a light ^ where notwithstand- 
ing that they did most narrowly observe it, (and that there 
was noe other passage out, but by the doore, or windowe, the 
roome being all close framed of stones within, not having the 
least chinke or crevice) yet they could never fynd it. And all 
other tymes it hath been seen run in at iron grates below into 
other of the grotto's (as their be many of them) and they have 
watched the place, and sent for houndes, and put in after it ; 
but after a while they have come crying out." — G. Holies' 
ColLfor Line, 1660^ quoted in the Topographer^ ^7^9* 

Does any tradition of this ghostly hare still live on ? 

A. E. Welby. 

61. Lincolnshire Records: excerpts from the MS. 
Notes of the Late General Plantagenet Harrison 
(continued from Vol. IV., p. 74). 

Toftes, &c. (356). John de Arsik v, Robert de Neville, 
Robert Arsik, and Robert de Welles. Services of 
lands, &c., in Tofftes, Oreby, Aby, Serreby, Rasne, 
and Heling, as in homage rent, etc. 

5 Coram Rege Roll. 25 Hen. Ill, 

Tofts and Newton. (434). Alicia, widow of Walter de 
Evermue versus Ralph de Arsy, de pie quod teneat 
convencoen fian int' Walter, pltils late husband cui 
assignata ips' est et Osbert Arsy (brother of Ralph) 
de 23 bovats of land, 60 sol redd i,e. in Toftes and 

57 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 27. Hen. III. 

Norman de Arsy and Henry le Chamberling were 
attached to answer Saco ae Sutton — iii marks of 
silver, debt. 

64 Coram Rege Roll. 31 Hen. III. 


I02 Lincolnshire Notes Gf Queries. 

Cunyesby. (803). Ass* ven rec si Philip de Arcy, 
Norman dc Arcy, Ralph de Arcy, Philip fil' Philip de 
Arcy injuste &c.' disseis Thomas Baudewyn de ter' 
in Cunyesby viz. 56 acres of land, 11 acres of 
pasture, and 30 sol redd. 

106 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 42 Hen. III. 

(991). Robert de Charneles versus Norman de Arcy 
and Isabella his mother for impounding plaintifrs 
cattle writhin the bounds of the town of Stalingbrugh. 

169 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 56 Hen. III. 

Casewyk. (407). Isabella widow of William de Albinaco 
versus John de Albinaco— dower in 8 bovats of land 
in Casewyk. 

55 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 26 Hen. III. 

Asfordeby. (527). Agnes widow of Robert Jagge versus 
Galfrid de Asfordeby. i messuage &c. in Asfordby, 
as her right and inheritance and of which the 
defendant had no right of entry by William de 
Aleby, to whom the said Robert her late husband 
demised the same. The defendant voc' ad warr' 
William de Aleby who was* present et voc' ad warr 
Ralph fil Robert de Aleby who came and said that he 
held by right of inheritance from Robert his father. 
Plaintiff recovered. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 H. III. 

Askely. (538). The Master of the Knights Templars 
in England v. Jordan fil Jordan de Askely. Common 
of pasture in Askely. 

69 Coram Rege Roll. 32 Hen. III. 

Laythorp. (659). Ragenilda widow of Ascer versus 
Richard de Cycester, 3rd part of i bovat of land in 
Laythorp. Et Ric' ven' et cone fuit. Et plic et est 
cone tal grood p'dca Raganilda rem et quit' clam de 
se p'dc Ric' et hedibz suis totu jus et clam q'd h'uit 
in p'dca t'tia p'te noie dotis et p' hac etc p'dc Ric' 
dedit cc septem sol &c. 

84 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 34 Hen. III. 


Lincolnshire Notes Gf Queries. 103 

(^uappeload. (922). Ass' ven rec si Alexander fi] 
Lambert de Algerkyrlce and others unjustly disseised 
William fil Peter de Quappcload of lands in 
Quappeload — falst claim. 

Lambert de Algerkyrke=j= 

I I 

Alexander de Algerkyrlce Peter de Quappeload=pMartotta 
deft. I 

John He Quappeload, William de Quappeload, 

eldest son second son, plaintiff. 

Simon son of Adelard de Quappeload fined for not 

142 Coram Rege Roll. 54 Hen. III. 

(1004). Wm. de Alenzun v. John de Neville, de 
pi tre per Walter fil Adam de Welles. 

172 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 57 Hen. III. 

Brinbroc. Richard de Bereford v. Robert de Prendergist, 
Walter Gumdry and Thomas Wynelingeham for 
breaking down the walls and gates of said Richard 
at Brinebroc and for assaulting Adam de Bereford, 
PlaintifPs servant. 

19 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 9 Hen. III. 

Bunebroc. (472). John de Burgo versus Robert fiP 
Robert de Bunebroc warranty of i bovat of land, etc. 
in Bunnebrok. 

61 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 27 Hen. Ill, 

Bleseby. (497). Lucas fil Ran ess' William de Bleseby 
versus William fil Robert de Amundeville — warranty 
of I toft and 3 bovats of land in Bleseby which 
William Weynsithe claims against the s* William de 
Bleseby who called to warranty William fil Robert. 

64 Coram Rege Roll. 31 Hen. III. 

Sydestan. (513). Annora de Verdun and William de 
Wavere versus John Pykot and Lucia his wife, i 
messuage and 2 car. of land etc. in Sydestan, of 
which Michael Belet brother of the s^ Annora and 
uncle to Burgia de Bendenges and consanguinea of 
the s* William, whose heirs they are, died seized in 


1 04 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

his own right as of fee — adjourned because Burgia 
de Bendenges one of the coheirs is not named in the 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

(530). Robert de Bingham attorniey for John Pikot 
and Lucia his wife versus Annora de Verdun Burgia 
de Bendenges and WiUiam de Wavere de pic t're per 
Simon de Malteford, Nicholas de Thorpe. Alt' 
attor' de eodem p' Galfrid Prat. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

Brancewell and Blakesham. (517)* Alexander son of 
Clement de Brancewell — an agreement with the 
Master of the Knights Templars in England, touching 
I mill, messuages, etc., in Brancewell, and i messuage 
in Blakesham. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

Blokesham. John fil Alan de Braunceswell versus The 
Prior of Haverholme — 7 bovats of land &c. and i 
toft and ^ cum pertin' in Blokesham as his right, of 
which, his ancestor Wygotus died seised. 



1 i i 1 1 

William Beatrix Margeria Matilda=j= Beatrix, 4th^ 

s. &h. d. &co-h. 2ndd.&co-h. 3rd d. dau. & co-h. 

ob. B.p. ob. t.p. ob. t.p. te co-h. aunt & heir 

to Hugh 


Philip=ip AUn=^ 

s. & h. 8. & h. 

Hugh, t. & h. John de Braunceiwell, 

ob. B.p. 8. Se h., plaintiff. 

The Prior said that Phillip was seised etc. and feofied 
Alexander de Braunceswell by deed which was con- 
firmed by said Hugh his son, and the said Alexander 
gave the same to the Prior — which the Plaintiff 
denies as to the gift of the said Alexander to the 
Prior (adjourned). 

76 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 34 Hen. III. 


Lincolnshire Notes Gf ^eries. 1 05 

535' William fil William Bardolf gave i mark pro lie 
cone cQ Will* Bardolf de pP tre. 

66 Coram Regc Roll. Mich., 31 Hen. III. 

Brinkill. (755)- Ass* ven rec si Thomas Bardolf 
injuste &c disseis' Matilda widow of Richard fil Odo 
de Brinkill de libro ten' suo in Brinkill — viz., i^ 
bovats of land cum p'tin'. The defendant said that 
Richard fil Odo was his villein. 

89 Coram Rege Roll. 36 Hen. III. 

Assisa etc. cor' Roger de Thurkelby, &c., at Spalding, 
die jovis prox ante fes' St Laurence. 

(592). Richard de la Bere p' attor' suo John de la 
Bere versus Philip de Winto de pi' t'r. 

74 Coram Rege Roll. Hillary 33 Hen. III. 

Caldwell and Fulstowe. (763). Elena widow of Ralph 
de Bollebek who claims dower in divers lands in 
Caldwell and Fulstowe, of the inheritance of Osbert 
de Bollebek which the said Osbert conveyed to 
Robert de Bosco and Hubert de Clerbeck by fine, 
and the said Elena not having appeared, the Sherifr 
was ordered to bring her before the Court at 

91 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 37 Hen. III. 

Brampton. (767). Albreda, widow of Robert fiP Ranulf 
de Blaunkeneye versus John fil Robert— dower in 
lands in Brampton. 

91 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 37 Hen. III. 

Bellewode. (893). Ass' veii rec si Radulphus Berncr 
uncle to Roger Berner, died seised of i toft and i 
bovat of land, &c., in Bellewoode which Adam fil 
Andre we de Bellewode holds. 

127 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 50 Hen. III. 

Mumby and Sutton. (934). William de Hollegate and 
Andrina his wife versus William de Gaunt, 3rd part 

4 tofts and 3^ bovats and 28 acres of land and 9 sol 

5 den redd etc. in Mumby and Sutton as the dower 
of the said Andrina, by the gift of her first husband 


io6 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Peter le Breton i the defendant voc ad war' William 
son and heir of the said Peter who is under age and 
whose lands and body are in the custody of the said 
Plaintiffs and part of his lands in the custody of 
Robert de Tatesal Senior and Robert fil William de 
Ros and John de Hanville. 

146 Coram Rege Roll. 53 Hen. III. 

(997). Reymund de Beyville versus John de Ry, 
Milit' de Gosberterick, John fil' Robert, Mathew 
fir Mathew, and Robert fil' Robert de Spalding for 
talcing Plaintiff's goods and chattels value 50 marks, 
at Weston. 

170 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 56 Hen. III. 

Rupert Upton. 
{To be continufdJ) 

62. Robert Dimock mi**. — 

P. c. c. In NOMINE PATRIS et filij spiritus SANCTI. 
25 Pynnyng. ^MEN. The sixte day of Marche in the yere of 
our lorde god Jliu Christe, one thousande fyue hundreth fortie 
and three and in the yere of the reigne of our moste dreade and 
redoubted soueraigne lorde King Henry the viij by the grace 
of God of Englande Fraunce and Irelande King, defendo' of 
the faithe, and in earthe supreme hedd of the Churche of 
Englande and Ir*londe thirtie and fyue, Robert Dymmok of 
Screuelby in the Countie of Lincoln knight being the day of 
makinge hereof hole of bodie, and of good and parfete memory 
and rememberaunce (Thanks be to allmyghtie god) knowing 
surely my body to be mortall, and to departe owte of this 
present and transitory world the time whereof is to me 
oncertayne, entendynge therefore by the grace and helpc 
of allmyghtie God to be in redyness, doo make this my 
last will and testament in this maner and forme folowinge, 
most enterly and mekely beseechinge God to geue me suche 
grace as to ordre and gyde my self in this present lief, 
that it may be acceptable to the will and pleasure of God, 
and the comfort of my soule. First I bequeathe my soule to 
allmightie God and my body to be buriyd within the parrishe 
churche of Scriuelbye or ells in suche place wheare it shall be 
most pleasour to God, and my mortuary to be geuen and paid 
after the lawes and customes of England, and I will that my 


Lincolnshire Notes Gf ^eries. 107 

Sonne Edwarde Dymoke immediately after my decease 
appoynte by his discresion, twoe discrete and honest pf istes and 
one poore man for the tyme and space of fyue yeres the same 
pf iste to say masse daylie within the parrishe of Screuelby, and 
the same poore man to helpe them at masse and other thinges 
necessary wHn the same Churche unlesse they or either of 
them be otherwise dispoased or haue other lawful ympedyment 
to the contrary. And there to praye daylie for the soules of 
me the said Robert Dymok, Jane and Anne my wyfFe Thomas 
dymoke and Margarett, my Father and mother, all o' auncesto's 
and all xten sowles, and to say at euy one of their masses 
before the first lauatorie de profundis, and I will that the same 
prieste, and either of them to haue yerely for their stypende 
salary and wages vj^ xiij' iiij^ and the same poore man to haue 
yerely for his stipende xl' during the said fy ve yeres to be paied 

i merely at iiij Termes of the yere, of thissues and proffitte of my 
andes and tenementes by the discrecion of my said sonne 
Edwarde dymoke during and by all the said terme and space of 
fyue yeres. The residue of all my goodes cattelle & duelle 
plate and redy money whatsoeu' it be, except such as it may 
here after forcon god to putt me in mynde to any parson or 
parsonnes w*^ shaTbe by myii owne hande writ ting, I geue 
theim holly, folie, and Freely to the proper vse and behofe of 
my said moste welbeloved sonne Edwarde dymok for euer 
whom I make my soule and full executo', beseching allmightie 
God to geue hym such grace and good fortune y* he may so 
order the same that it may be acceptable to God and comfortor 
of his soule and all his Ancestors. Thes being witnes Sir 
day ell Androwes Gierke psone of Screuelby, Sir John Warde 
priest, George foster, Thomas burton, Richard Hyltofte and 

Proved 21 April 1545 by Master Anthony Huse, notary 
public, pro£tor to Edward Dymmoke, the son and exor. 

63. Inquisitions, p.m., Co. Linc, temp. Henry VII. — 

Chancery Inq., ^w/ mortem^ 14 Henry VII., No. 4. 

Inquisition taken at Louth, 7 Nov., 14 Hen. VI I. [A.D. 
1498], by which it is found that Master John Gunthorp, 
Clerk, and others can give and assign certain lands in Somer- 
cotes, Saltfletby, and Skidbroke to the Guild of the B. Mary 
of Northsomercotes, and to the brethren and sisters of the said 
guild, without harm to the king or others. 


io8 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Chancery Inq., post mortem^ 14 Henry VII., No. 39. 

Anne, who was the wife of John, late Lord of Audeley, Knight, 

Inquisition taken at West Rasen, 6 Nov., 14 Hen. VI I. 
[A.D. 1498], after the death of Ann, late wife of Sir John 
Awdelye, Knight, Lord of Awdelye. (The jurors) say that 
John Stafford, Archbishop of Canterbury, and others were 
seized of the manor of Sapurton, and they enfeoffed Sir John 
Awdelye, Knight, late Lord of Awdelye, and the aforesaid 
Anne his wife of the manor aforesaid. To have the same 
John and Anne and to the heirs of the said John for ever. 
The said John had issue James, and died. The aforesaid 
Anne surrendered to the aforesaid James all her estate and 
interest which she had in the manor aforesaid. The said 
James by his charter the 8th day of Jan., 9 Hen. VII. [A.D. 
1493-4] gave the manor aforesaid to Sir John Sapcote, Knight. 
To have and to hold to the same John Sapcote and to the 
heirs of the bodv of the lady Elizabeth, wife of the same John 
Sapcote, lawfully begotten. By virtue of the said John 
Sapcote was thereof seized for the life of the said James. The 
said Anne died 16*^ May in the 13*** year of the said now 
King, and Henry Roggers is her son and next heir, and he is 
of the age of 40 years &c. 

Chancery Inq., ^^x/ mortem^ 14 Henry VII., No. 75, 

John Affordby, 

Inquisition taken at Lincoln Castle, 20 April, 14 Henry 
VII, [A.D. 1499], before Edmund Churche, esquire, the 
Escheator, by the oath of John Hopkynson, Henry Catley, 
John Botler, Thomas Panton, Robert West, Robert Ward, 
Richard Bylchefeld, William Brady, William Dughty, Henry 
Vycars, William Foderby, Henry Freman, Richard Wenys, 
and William Barlynges, Who say upon their oath that John 
Afibrdby held on the day on which he died the Manor of 
Billesby, with the appurtenances in Billesby, in the County 
aforesaid, called Westhalgarth, to himself and to the heirs of 
his body lawfully begotten, of the lord the King as of the 
Honor of Gretham, parcel of his Duchy of Lancaster, by 
Knight service, etc. 

The Jurors say that the aforesaid John Aflbrdby held one 
messuage, 2 tofts, 2 cottages, 100 acres of land, 40 acres of 
meadow, and 60 acres of pasture, with the appurtenances, and 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 109 

y \d of Vent of assize by the year in Affbrdby and Thurleby, 
in the County aforesaid, to himself and to the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten, of the lord the King as of his Honor of 
Bolyngbroke by Knight service, etc. 

The said John held 40 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 
and 60 acres of pasture in Ingoldmelles, to himself and to the 
heirs of his body lawfully begotten, as of the Honor of Tutte- 
bury by Knight service, etc. 

The said John held one toft, 40 acres of land, and 200 acres 
of meadow in Slotheby, one .... 30 acres of land and 
joo acres of pasture in Partenay, of Richard Welles, Knight, 
Lord of Willoughby. The said John held one messnage, 60 
acres of land, etc., in Spilsby by Partenay, of Ivo Sandon. 

The aforesaid John AfFordby died 6*** day of May in the 8*** 
year of the now lord the King [A.D. 1493]. John AfFordby 
aged I o years and more is son and heir of the said John. 

W. Boyd. 

64. GocHE OF Alvingham Abbey (Priory ? ). — The 
family of Goche had a dire 61 interest in the domain once 
belonging to the Priory of Alvingham. In Add. MS., 17,506, 
British Museum, there is mentioned a Barnaby Goche of 
Alvingham Abbey ^ living about the year 1592, and his crest is 
delineated as — On a wreath Argent and Gules a mailed fore- 
arm, the hand Proper grasping by the gorge a dragon's head 
erased Azure. The same crest is sketched on the first page of 
the Alvingham Priory Register, near the signature of 
' Barnabe Goche.' 

After the surrender of the Alvingham Priory estate by the 
Commendator of the Order of Saint Gilbert of Sempringham, 
and the Prior and Convent of Alvingham, Henry VIII., on 
Jan. 20th, 1540, demised the property for twenty-one years to 
Richard Tavernor; but before the expiration of that term 
there had been a lapse to the Crown, for Edward VI., on Nov. 
i6th, 1552, granted the same to Lord Clinton. On March 
24th, 1589, Queen Elizabeth gave to Copinger and Butler, 
and their heirs, all the lands, tofts, tithes, rents, etc., which the 
monastery had held in Cockerington, Alvingham, and else- 
where. Copinger and Butler sold the premises, July ist, 1598, 
to Henry Dorrell, Thomas Tindall, and Matthew Goche. 
On Feb. 19th, 1622, William Johnson and Elizabeth Dorrell 
sold certain lands, houses, tithes, and other appurtenances to 


1 1 o Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Do£tor Goche. On Feb. 22nd, 1625, Barnaby Goche, Doftor 
of Law, in consideration of a marriage contraded between his 
nephew Barnaby Goche, and Pascha, had settled the lands on 
Pascha for her life. Barnaby Goche and Pascha died without 
issue, and . . . • Goche, esq., was the next heir. On OA. 
2 1 St, 1639, Barnaby Goche, esq., and others had leased a 
pasture field in Conisholme to Sir Henry Radley. 

Adrian Scrope, esq., as Impropriator of the Reftory of the 
parish church of Alvingham, was plaintiff in an adion for 
recovering tithes on the produce of 120 acres of arable land 
and 40 acres of meadow, which tithes had accumulated during 
the years 1657, '658, and 1659; William Warde, gent., the 
occupier of the lands, being the defendant. The title of the 
defendant, from which has been taken the above information 
respecting the descent of the Priory lands, appears in a MS. 
brief of the time, as ensuing : — 

" 29 Sept. The lands whereof tythes are demaunded were 
30 H. 8. p'cell of the Priorv of Alvingham which Priory as 
it seems was p'cell of Sempringham for or by the 
Surrend' dated in domo N'ra capitular' 29 Septem. 
Anno 30 H. 8. Rob'tus Landaven' E'pus comen- 
datorius p'petuus officii gen'alis Mag'ri sive Prioris 
omniii ordin' de Sempringham als dift' prior 
gen'alis ordin' sci Gilberti de Sempringham & 
Rob'tus prior domus sive Priorat' de AUvingham 
ordinis sup*dift' & eiusd' loci convent' — surrendered 
the Priory and all the lands Reftories &c. to H. 8. 

20 Jan. Le Roy H. 8 p Avisament™ Consilii Cur' 
30 H. 8, Augment' — demises for 21 yeares to Richard 
Tavernor the house scit"* nup' Priorat' de AUving- 
ham ac oia prata pastur' et terr' dominical' dci 
nup' Priorat' in memb' cultura &c propria &c 
tempore dissolucois. 

In compo Ministror' de terr' nup' Priorat de Anno 
30 H. 8. A festo Mich'is 29 H. 8. vsq' idem 
festum A® 30. In tpe est mencon Arregia nulla 
quia est primus compus. 

If this had come as a monastery vnd' value p 
statute 28 H. 8. the first accompt would surely 
have beene before 30 H. 8. And yet observe the 
accompt is from Mich'as before the Surrend' vntill 
Mich'as the very day the Surrend' was made. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 1 1 

And the value of the house was but 151^ I5» 6*. 
In this accompt is £t de cent"' solid' de firma 
Rcorie de AUvingham cu oibus decimis p'tinen' & 
in occupacoe dci nup' prioris p hospitis expens' 
hoc Anno. 

i6Novemb. Edward 6 graunted le demease (sic) founds of the 
5 Edw. 6. Priory to Lord Clinton p'ut patet p le 3** accompt. 

12 Marcii. Queene Eliz. gr** to Copinger & Butler & theire 
31 Eliz. heires o'ia terras tofta decimas reddit' servicia & 
hereditament' N'ra quecunq' cu p'tinen' in Cock- 
er ington Alvingham &c nup' monasterio de 
AUvingham spe^n' aut p'cell possession' eiusdem 
nup monasterii quondam existen'. 

I Julii. Copinger & Butler sell to Henr Dorrell Thomas 
40 Eliz, Tindall & Math Goche & theire heires all theire 
Lands Tenements Tythes &c. 

19 fFebr. \Villiam Johnson & Elizabeth Dorrell bargaine & 

19 Jacobi. sell to Doctor Goche the lands &c by p'ticuler 

names & all houses &c Tythes & tenth of corne 

graine hey &c vnto the p'misses belonginge or 

therew*** vsed or inioyed. 

27 ffebr. 22 dci Ja. — Barnaby Goche dodtor of 
Law in consideracon of a Marriage to bee had w*** 
his Nephew Barnaby Goche & Pascha his wife 
deceased amongst other things did cove'nt that hee 
& his heires should stand seized of the lands in 
juestion to the vse of the said Pasch for her life, 
iarnaby & Pascha dead without yssue — .... 
Goche Esq' lessor to the pi* enters as next heir. 

21 0£lobr. Dodtor Parry Barnaby Goche Esq' & Anthony 
14 Car. Palmer — recyteinge that they had by theire lease 
dated the 19 Junii demised to S' Henry Radley a 
close of pasture in Conisholme to hould from the 
Annunciacon last past for 19 yeares at xx* p Ann. 
did release the said rent. 

The pi* will objeft that this p'cedent lease was for 
tythes of the land." 
Following upon the above notes are abstrafb of two surren- 
ders j the nrst dated Sept. i8th, 30 Henry VIII., by Bishop 
Landave and Robert Rogers, prior of Sempringham, of the 
priory of Sempringham and all the dependent estates in the 


1 12 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

shires of Lincoln, Nottingham, Derby, Leicester, Cambridge, 
Middlesex, or elsewhere within the kingdom of England ; the 
other dated Sept. 29th, 30 Henry VIIL, by Bishop Landave 
and Robert, prior of Alvingham. After these is a short 
summary of an Inspection Charter of King Edward, reciting a 
charter of his great-grandfather King Henry, in which the 
royal protedtion is bestowed on the house of Sempringham and 
other houses of the same order, as H . • • . , Alvingham, 
Newstead, etc. Finally there are the subjoined remarks : — 

"William Donner Thomas Horswood ffrancis Marshall to 
prove lands tythe free. — Robert Hanson Edward Hainoe & y* 
other witnesses to prove that the def* payes Tythe of Cookes 
farm & not of the Abbey they beinge both in his occupacon. 
All the witnesses that pi* hath onely Tyth come of all the 
lands in Alvingham p'ter &c — & minute tythes & the tythe 
is paid to one Oby except .... acres in the outc J^eenne w*^ 
is paid to the pi* & that the Abbey lands never paid tythes 
either to the pi* or Oby for the Abbey or any ptc." 

98, Oxford Gardens^ London^ W. W. Morton, 

65. Excerpts from the Grimoldby Parish Registers. 
— The Registers (until 181 2) consist of two parchment books 
about 22^ by 7 in., the first extending to 1697. The entries 
are divided into three parts — Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials. 
Some of the earlier sheets are missing or illegible, but in the 
main there are very few difficulties on the score of legibility. 
The earliest records (Marriages and Burials) date from 17th 
November, 1558, while the first decipherable baptism is in 
1571. There is a gap from 1644 to 1652 (inclusive), with the 
exception of one burial in 1647 and one baptism in 1650. The 
first entries in English are from 1653 ^^ '^S^> ^'^ which year 
they revert to Latin, and so continue until 1688 (except a few 
entries in 1665). From 1689 to 1697 English was used, but 
in 1698 Latin re-appears, but only until 1702, when the last 
entry in that language occurs: — Deest regis tarius usque 1704. 
The superscription to the Burials reads as follows: — 

'^Regestrum nominum iWorum qui Sepulti [fuerunt] infra 
ptfrochiam de Grimolbie a xvii'^ Novembris Ao dni 
1558 Regniqu^ serenissime in xpo Principis diie 
Elizabethe dei gra Anglie fFranc^ et Hibiiie Rne fidei 
defensorif Ao primo." 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 1 3 

In 1669, Edward Johnson received the living; and he, 
having antiquarian tastes, compiled a list of his predecessors so 
far as he was able to ascertain them, and inserted it in a vacant 
space after the baptisms of 1641. 


1. Robertus Howton Reftr de Grimoldby, quousqw^ vel 
quando cu tempore dissolutionis penitus ignoraui [?] 

[How long or when he held the office, together with 
the time of his death I am altogether ignorant (?)] 

2. Guilielmus Marche Re£lor eiusdem ecclesise (nescio vtru 

mediatus vel imediatus successor) obijt Anno 1561. 

3. Robertus Dale successor pr^ximus (vt conjicio) obijt An : 


4. Joannes Casshe Re6tr Annis plus Quadraginta, cui 


5. Ashton Davison qui obijt Anno 1664, cui successit 
[6.] Timotheus Wollfitt Redlr istius ecclesiae. Reftoriam 

cessione reliquit, et adhuc inter vivos, cui successit 
[7.] Edwardus Johnson Redlr ejusdem ecclesiae Anno 1669; 
tunc et ibid^;7z indu£lus fuit in walor' a£lualem et 
corporalem possessionem ejusde Reftoriae qui hucusque 
pmansit viz: Novemb: 15. 167 1 et pmanebit durante 
bene placito Dei, Domini & servatoris nostri. 

Ego in te confido, Jehova, dico Deus meus es. 
In manu tua tempora mea sunt; eripe me e manu 
inimicorum meorum et a psecutoribus meis. Fac 
ut luceat facies tua super servum tuum. Serva 
me in benignitate tua. Amen. Psal. 31. 

Edwardus Johnson Re£tor de Grimoldby sepultus fuit in 
Cancella infra gradus inter amantissimam suam uxorem 
(quamdiu uixit) Elizabetham, et parietem Australem 
uicesimo secundo die Nouembris 1688. Multus ille 
bonis flebilis occidit. [Horace Odes i. 24. 9.] 

In vol. ii. there is a note stating that William Holwell was 
indufted August 9th, 1717. 

In 1603 there were five burials, four of the deceased being 
children, each of whom is described as " ante baptismu 


1655. Ashton Davison and Jane Daile married May 15th. 
Vol. 4. H 1561. 

1 1 4 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

1 56 1. WiHms Marche Redor de Grymolby sepultus fuit 
XXV*** die Decembris 

1 601. Robertus Dale reftor de Grymmolbye sepultus fuit 
viij° die Novembris 

1607. Richardus fFylde Piftor Plumbarius Vitriator sepultus 
fuit V** die Septembris 
Thomas Robinson servus Johanis Bracken sepultus fuit 
decimo die Julij 1609. Hie occisus fuit cu orbita 
current supra Caput. 

[He was slain with a wheel running over his head.] 

Elizabetha vxor fFrancisci Markh'^m sepulta fuit in Eclia 
xxiij® die Septembris An® 1609. ^^^ ^ ^^^^^ indolens 
in abortu incidit et pr^pediem animam expiravit. 

Thomas filius Johis Doleman sepult[us] fuit x® die Martij 
A° 1609. Hie submersus fuit A® etatis sue xxvij**. 

Johes Smith nup^ de east Saltfletbie sepultus fuit viij® die 
Septembris An® 161 o. 

Johes Smith alter eiusdin noinis Alius Martini Smyth sepultus 
fuit vij° die Decembris 1610. 

161 1-2. Jenetta vxor Robti Hard sepulta fuit in die Cinerum 
viz: xxvj® die fFebruarij 

1612. Robtus Hard, maritus sup*dcte Jenette, paterfamilias 

sepultus fuit xxviij® die Julij An® 161 2 Circiter znnum 

aetatis nonagesimum secunduxn. 
WiHms Houltbie faberlignarius sepultus fuit xxvij® die 

August! An® dni 161 2. 
Samuellus f&irebanke paterfamilias sepultus fuit sub lapide 

in portico australi xxij® die Novembris An® 161 4. 
Edvardus Dale, filius Roberti Dale defunfii, (nuper Redoris 

de Grimoldbie) sepultus fuit in Cancello siue chore vij® 

die Januarij 161 6. Anno iEtatis vicessimo septimo. 

Hie mortuus est apud Manneriu sive Aula de Bellue. 
1619. Jana filia Georgij Maddison gen sepulta fuit in Ecclesia 

XXV® die Septembris An® Aetatis 11® 
Petronilla sive Parnella (primo vxor Roberti Dale Clerici, 

nup Refloris de Grymoldbie, et postea vxor Johannis 

Casshe Clerici, et etia Refloris de Grymoldbie) sepulta 

fuit quarto die februarij in Cancello sive Choro Anno 

Aetatis quinquagesimo quinto 
Johannes Collin puer pauper et peregrinus sepultus fuit 

XX vij® die februarij 1620. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 1 5 

1627. Johannes Markham Casarius {a Cottager) sepultus fuit 

xij* die Julij 
Anna Hutchinson vidua vulgo vocat widow Croft sepulta 

fuit xj** die Martij A® doni 1629. [1629-30]. 
Christopherus Hewer Molendinator et Articulator sepultus 

fuit septimo die Julij An^ doTni 1629. 
Isabella Mac-farley advena sepulta fuit vicesimo sexto die 

Augusti 1629 An® ^tatis 16, 

1629. Henricus Alius Henrici Huddleston CImci sepultus fuit 

xxvj** die Decembris 

1630. Anna Hutchinson vidua fFrancisci Hutchinson sepulta 
fuit in Ecclesia xxvj® die Decembris 

Willus Michaell, iEdituus (id est parrishe clarke) sepultus 
fuit in Ecclesia subter mortumola (id est the passinge 
bell or greate Bell) vicesimo sexto die februarij 1630. 

1633. Elizabetha, filia Robert! Croft, sepulta fuit Septimo 
die Julij. Haec e variolis {measells) mortua est. 

Robertus Walker Caelebs sepultus fuit in EccUxise [sic] 
septimo die Novembris 1636 An® iEtatis 24®. 

[torn off] us Parker de Huttoft in hoc oppido moriens 
sepultus fuit Tricesimo die Decembris 1636. 

Georgius Walker paterfamilias Sepultus fuit in Ecclesie 
vndecimo die Januarii 1638 Anno setatis tricesimo 
septimo. Hie fuit filius Richardi Walker defundli et 
aBgrotu[s] in monasterio de Alvingham ibi mortuus est. 

Jacobus Raynold subulcus sepultus fuit decimo o<£lavo die 
Januarij 1638. [subulcus = swineherd.] 

Carolus Clarke sportularius id est a Scutlemaker sepultus 

fuit 06b vo die Julij 1639 ^n® aetatis 68®. 
Martinus Cooke servus Wilfielmi Tyson sepultus fuit tertio 
die Aprilis 1640 vidett in die Parasceues id est Good 
fryday An® aetatis 2410. 
Henricus Barrett operarius sepultus fuit nono die Aprilis 
1647. Joannes Casshe Reftor de Grimoldby sepult[us fuit] 

Maij I7°>® 
1664. Ashton Dauison Re£tor de Grimoldby sepultus fuit 

o£bLvo die Augusti 
1676. Georgius Willson aeditiuus sepultus [fuit] Decemb: 11. 
1679. Rebecca vxor Edvardi Johnson sepulta fuit in Cancella 
juxta parietem Septentrionalem, inferior! pavimento, 
Decembris prime. 


1 1 6 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

1686. Edvardus Tate Sutor, sepultus fuit fFeb: 28, 

1 691. Esther the wife of Mr. John Burch was buried April! 

y» 1 2th & affidavit made to Mr. Raven Vic. of 

Cogkrington S* Leonard's. 

Foemina in rebus tarn prosperis quam adversis 

i^quUsimam servans mentem 

Fervidiore erga Deum amore 

Charitate erga proximum omni modo 

Vita morteqiir non imitanda 

Sed a me et omnibia Dei filijs 

In etemum amari coliqitf digniuima 

A woman y^ did alwayes keep 

Her mind in equall frame 

If fortune smil'd or did it weep 

She ever was the same 

By all adored who were of honest fame 

A love most fervent to her God she bore 

Her neighbrs did not want her tender care 

For life Sc death none glorious more 

Of greater love none worthier are 

Than those who doe with heaven compare. 

The village appears to have been visited by an epidemic in 
1 7 19 for no fewer than 40 deaths occurred in that year, whereas 
the average annual death-rate (calculated on 42 years) only 
amounts to nine. R. W. Goulding. 

Louth. {To hi continued,) 

66. Records of Ancient Horncastle. — 

Feet of Fines, Lincoln, 23 Hen. III., No. 18. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court of the lord 
the King at St. Bride, London, on the Odlaves of Holy 
Trinity, in the 23'* year of the reign of King Henry, the son 
of King John [29 May, A.D. 1239], &c., between William 
de Bavent, plaintiff, and Walter, bishop of Carlisle, deforciant, 
of the advowson of the church of Marum, &c. The aforesaid 
William has remised and quitclaimed for himself and his heirs 
to the same bishop and his heirs the whole right and claim 
which he had in the advowson of the aforesaid church forever ; 
and the same bishop hath given to the aforesaid William 10 
marks of silver. 

Feet of Fines, Lincoln, 27 Hen. IIL, No. 143. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court of the lord 
the king at Westminster, in three weeks from the day of St. 
Michael, in the 27*** year of the reign of King Henry, the son 
of King John [19 October, A.D. 1243], ^^-j between Alan 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 117 

de Rowell, plaintiff, and John de Baiocis, concerning this, that 
the same John should acquit the aforesaid Alan of the service 
which Walter, bishop of Carlisle, exadts for his free tenement 
which he holds of the aforesaid John in Horenkastre ; and for 
which the same John, who is mesne between them, ought to 
acquit him ; and wherefore the same Alan complained that the 
aforesaid bishop distrained him for tallage and doing suits at 
the Court of the same bishop in Hornecastre, for which the 
same John ought to acquit him ; and concerning which there 
was a plea between them in the same Court. That is to say, 
that the aforesaid John hath acknowledged the aforesaid 
tenement to be the right of the same Alan. To have and to 
hold to the same Alan and his heirs, of the aforesaid John and 
his heirs forever. Rendering for it by the year i6j., &c. 
And the same John and his heirs shall acquit and defend the 
aforesaid Alan and his heirs from all services, suits, customs, 
and exa£tions to the aforesaid tenement pertaining, by the 
aforesaid service, against the aforesaid bishop and his successors 
forever. And besides, the same John hath given to the 
aforesaid Alan 8 marks of silver for his damages. And for this 
acknowledgment, &c., the same Alan hath remised and quit- 
claimed for himself and his heirs to the aforesaid John and his 
heirs all damages which he said he had by reason of the 
aforesaid distress. 

Close Roll, 30 Henry III., m. 4. 

It is commanded to Thomas de Staunford, custodee of the 
bishopric of Carlisle, that, because, in the King's letters which 
he granted to W., formerly bishop of Carlisle, concerning the 
making of his testament, it is contained that it was well lawful 
for him to make the testament as well of the corn being in the 
manors of the aforesaid bishopric, as of the corn of the churches 
annexed to the same bishopric, he permit the executors of the 
same bishop's testament to have free administration of the corn 
sown in the lands of the aforesaid bishopric, and of the corn of 
the tithes of the churches, &c. 

Witness as above. (The King at Wudestok, on the 28"* 
day of August.) [A.D. 1246.] 

In the same manner it is written to Henry de Wingeham 
and his co-executor in the County of Lincoln, concerning the 
corn of the manor of Hornecastre. 

Close Roll, 31 Henry III., m. 13. 
And it is commanded to Henry de Wingeham, and his 


1 1 8 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries . 

co-executor in Lindesay, that he cause the same Silvester (de 
Euerdon), or his certain messenger assigned for this, to have 
full seisin of all lands, rents, and tenements in the manor of 
Hornecastre, being in the King's hands by reason of the vacancy 
of the same bishopric. 

Witness as above. (The King at Clarendon, on the 8*^ 
day of December, in the 31** year of his reign.) [A.D. 1 246]. 

Assize Rolls, No. 319, m. 9 d. 

Pleas at Hertford, on the morrow of the close of Easter, in 
the 32*** year of the reign of King Henry, the son of King 
John. [10 May, A.D. 1247.] 

Walter de Ey vill and Ralph son of Geoffrey were summoned 
to answer to the abbot of Kirkeste[de] of a plea by what right 
they exa£l common in the land of the aforesaid abbot of 
Scriuelby and Hornecastre, since the same abbot has no common 
in the land of the aforesaid Walter and Ralph, nor do the 
same Walter and Ralph do service to him wherefore they 
ought to have common in his land, &c. And wherefore the 
aforesaid abbot complains that the aforesaid Walter and Ralph 
unjustly exaA common in the same abbot's marsh of La 
Wildemore, which is within the soke of Hornecastre, and a 
certain part of which is within the manor of Scrivelby, &c., 
and says that a certain Walter, formerly abbot of Kirkested, 
and other abbots of Kirkested, predecessors of the same abbot, 
and his church of Kirkestede for the whole time of King 
Henry, the grandfather of the lord the King, were in seisin of 
the aforesaid marsh of La Wildemore, without this that the 
aforesaid Walter and Ralph, or any of their ancestors should 
have any seisin there of the gift of William de Rumara, 
formerly earl of Lincoln, who gave that marsh to the church 
of Kirkestede by his charter, which he offers, &c. He also 
offers a charter of a certain William de Rumara, nephew 
and heir of the aforesaid William, of confirmation of the 
same marsh. He also offers the charter of King Henry, 
the grandfather of the lord the King, and the charter of King 
John, the father of the lord the King, by which they confirm 
the aforesaid marsh to the aforesaid church, &c. 

And Walter and Ralph come and defend the force and the 
injury when, &c. And they say that Robert de Eyuill, father 
of the aforesaid Walter, and Geoffrey de Cybeceye, father of 
the aforesaid Ralph, whose heirs they are, were enfeofled of 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 1 9 

the land which they hold in Cybeceye by Ranulph, formerly 
earl of Chester, who had common of pasture in La Wildemore 
as pertaining to his free tenement in Cybeceye, in the time of 
the aforesaid King Henry, the grandfather of the lord the 
King, &c. And they say that the ancestors of the same earl 
always were in the same seisin from the conquest of England, 
and from such time of which memory is not, &c. And they 
put themselves on the grand assize of the lord the King, Sec. 

And William de Magneby, Gilbert de Theford, Alan de 
Rowell, Amand de Wudehal, four knights, summoned to eledl 
twelve, &c., to make the aforesaid assize, came and elected 
these : To wit, Geoffrey de Brunne, John de Wyham, 
Thomas de Coleuill, William de Bclesby, Jolan de Hamby, 
Jocelin le Escrop, Ranulph de Brakenberd, Simon de Crin- 
geltorp, William de Engelby, William Burdet, Ranulph de 
Careby, Simon de Scampton, Henry de Steping, Richard de 
Buselingtorp, William de Kima, and Ralph dc Hoyland. 

[There is suit similar to this on Assize Rolls, Various, No. 
no, m. 3 d, in which Hueh le Despenser, Agnes de Karouh, 
and Ranulph, son of Geoftrey, are the defendants]. 

Assize Rolls, No. 319, m. 9 d. 

Pleas at Hertford [10 May, A.D. 1247]. 

Joan de Leweline, by her attorney, offered herself on the 4*** 
day against S[ilvester], bishop of Karlisle, and William de 
Huntercumbe, of a plea that they should be here at this day to 
[take] their chirograph of a fine made, &c., concerning 20/1 of 
rent in Tynton, Maringes, and Horncastre, and concerning 
20/1 of rent in Enderby, Moreby, Wilkesby, and Cuningby, 
and the advowson of the church of Moreby. And the bishop 
and William did not come, &c. 

Feet of Fines, Lincoln, 32 Hen. III., No. 131. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court of the lord 
the King at Canterbury, in one month from the day of St. 
John the Baptist, in the 32*** year of the reign of King Henry, 
the son of King John [21 July, A.D. 1248], &c., between 
Silvester, bishop of Carlisle, plaintiff, and William de Hunt- 
ecumbe, tenant, of twenty librates of land and rent, with the 
appurtenances, in Tinton, Maringes, and Hornecaster. And 
between the same bishop, plaintiff, and Joan de Lewelyn, 
tenant, of 20/1 of land and rent in Enderby, Welkeby, and 
Cuningeby, and of the advowson of the church of Moresby, with 


1 20 Lincolnshire Notes & ^ertes. 

the appurtenances. Which land, rent, and advowson, with the 
appurtenances, the same bishop claimed against them as the 
right of his church of Carlisle ^ and for which there was a plea 
between them in the same Court. That is to say, that the 
aforesaid William and Joan have acknowledged all the aforesaid 
land and rent, with the appurtenances, and with the advowson 
of the aforesaid church, to be the right of the aforesaid bishop 
and of his church of Carlisle, &c. And for this, &c., the same 
bishop hath given and granted to the aforesaid William and 
Joan the homage and the whole service of Ivo, son of Odo de 
Tymelby, and of his heirs, for the whole tenement which the 
same Ivo formerly held of Walter, formerly bishop of Carlisle, 
in Tymelby, the predecessor of the said bishop, together with 
the whole land which the same bishop claimed against the 
same Joan. Except the homage and service of Robert de 
Tateshal, and of his heirs, for the tenement which he at one 
time held of the aforesaid Walter, formerly bishop of Carlisle, 
and the advowson of the aforesaid church of Moreby, which 
shall ren:iain to the same bishop and his successors as to their 
church of Carlisle forever. So that nevertheless all that land 
which the aforesaid bishop hath granted to the aforesaid 
William and Joan shall be equally divided between them in 
such manner that each of the said William and Joan, and their 
heirs, shall hold their moiety in chief of the aforesaid bishop 
and his successors, bishops of Carlisle. Doing therefor the 
fourth part of the service of one knight, &c. That is to say, 
each of them the eighth part. And the aforesaid William and 
Joan have granted for themselves and their heirs, as much as 
pertains to them, that their free tenants of the same land from 
henceforth shall do suit twice a year at the Court of the said 
bishop and his successors, of Hornecastre, at the two 
" Lawedays," &c. ; and moreover that they shall do suit at the 
same Court as often as judgment shall be done in it touching a 
plea moved by the King's writ, or when a thief shall be judged 
in it, and by the afForcement of the Court at the reasonable 
summons of the said bishop, &c. And be it known that the 
aforesaid William and Joan did their homage to the aforesaid 
bishop in the same Court for the land which remains to them 
by this fine, as is aforesaid. And they rendered to the same 
bishop all charters and all muniments which they had as well 
of the gift of the aforesaid Walter, formerly bishop of Carlisle, 
as of confirmation of the chapter of Carlisle, &c. [Endorsed] 
Hugh, son of Ralph, puts in his claim. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 2 1 

67. Marmion of Scrivelsby (Vol. IV., p. 2). — The 
writer of the able article on the "Survey of the Manor of 
Scrivelsby, a.d. 1292," which Survey was made after the 
death of Phflip Marmion, remarks that there is no evidence 
that any Marmion of Scrivelsby was ever summoned to 
Parliament. It appears that there is some mistake in this 
statement if intended to apply to Philip Marmion, not only as 
the holder of Scrivelsby, but of Tamworth Castle, a caput 
baronce^ and of other estates. 

In the Pleas before the King, on the odbves of St. Hilary, 
56 Henry III., the ensuing adlion is recorded. Philip 
Marmion appeared as suitor against William de firay and 
V^illiam le Cared' of Worcester upon the plea wherefore — 
when the Lord King had lately summoned the attendance of 
the said Philip at Westminster to discuss the affairs of the 
King, and Philip had dispatched William de St. John his 
seneschal, Robert Rampton his chamberlain, and Hugh de 
Egmelly, with certain armed horse, and money for his expenses 
in the service of the King — the aforesaid William and others 
attacked the above mentioned William, Robert, and Hugh, 
when passing through the village of Wermindon, and captured 
them together with the horses, harness, and money amounting 
to forty pounds, and incarcerated them until they could find 
manucaptors for returning to prison, accompanied by other 
losses. The accused did not appear in answer to the charge, 
and the Sheriff was ordered to arrest them, but apparently 
without any result. (Placit' in Domo Capit' Westmonasteri- 
ensi &c.) 

W. Morton. 

68. A Manxhester Postmaster. — In an annual 
publication recently issued by a wholesale firm in Manchester, 
is an article on " A City Post Office," which deals with the 
postal progress in that borough. In a notice of its post* 
masters it states, "when James Harrop resigned in 1804, he 
was succeeded as postmaster by a clergyman, the Rev. Richard 
Hutchins Whitelock, who is described as Vicar of Skillington, 
in Lincolnshire, and incumbent of Chorlton-cum-Hardy, where 
he resided." He appears to have resigned this office about 
1829. ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ appointment of a clergyman rather singular? 
As a Lincolnshire Vicar it is perhaps worth recording here. 

West View Terrace^ Stamford, E. Bentley Wood. 


122 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

69. Extent of the Manor of Greetham, A.D. 1331. 
— I am able to give another survey of an important Lincoln- 
shire manor, which I hope will be interesting to Lincolnshire 
people. We must have before us much more information 
from surveys, court rolls, &c., before we can form a correal 
judgment of the condition of the Lincolnshire villein in early 
times, but certainly the services required of villeins, who lived 
under the manors of Greetham and Scrivelsby, do not appear 
to me to warrant the exaggerated statements which we 
sometimes see about the wretched condition of the so-called 

The manor of Greetham was evidently an important one. 
The survey shows that it extended into the parishes of 
Winceby, Hameringham and Scraiield, and had appurtenances 
in Wainfleet and other places. And the list^ of knights' fees 
belonging to the manor, which comes later in the Inquisition, 
is a long one, for there were xxi fees and ^ a fee and ^ fee 
and ^ fee, and the value was ccl^ yearly. There arises then 
the question : Is Greetham the same as Graham or Granham of 
Domesday Book and the early records ? So far I believe no 
other place has been suggested as more likely to be the ancient 
Graham, which was certainly in the Hundred of Hill. More- 
over this Inquisition of the Earl of Kent shews that lands in 
Huttoft,Theddlethorpe, Langton, Hagworthingham, Salmonby, 
Winceby, Wainfleet, and Thoresby, were held under the manor 
of Greetham, as lands in the same places were held, temp. 
Domesday Book, under the manor of Granham, and I find 
that lands in Bratoft and Mablethorpe were held of Greetham 
in 1552, as lands there had been held of Granham in 1086, 
fa£b which strongly support the opinion of Mr. Eyton and 
Mr. C. Gowan Smith, who identify Graham with Greetham. 
But I shall be yery grateful to any of your readers who can 
give any good reasons to prove that Greetham is or is not the 
ancient Graham. I have reason to believe that much informa- 
tion concerning the manor of Greetham has been collected 
from documents at the Record Office in London; is it too 
much to ask in the interests of County History that some or 
all of this information be made public by the fortunate possessor ? 
I need hardly add that the Edmund Earl of Kent of this 
Inquisition was Edmund of Woodstock, second son of King 
Edward I., who was beheaded 4 Edw. III. He had been 
granted the manor of Greetham only three years before. 
(Dugdale's Baronage^ vol. ii., p. 93). It seems strange that 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 123 

this manor, of which Henry de Lacy died seised, should not 
have remained in the possession of his daughter Alice, Countess 
of Lincoln, but a Duchy of Lancaster record (class xxv., R 8) 
proves that Alice granted the manor to Hugh de Spenser, 16 
Edward IL One can have no doubt that the grant to the 
King's favourite was a forced one. And the manor on 
Despenser's attainder would be forfeited to the crown. 

Chancery Inq., p.m.^ 4 Edw. III., No. 38. 

Extent of the lands, &c., which were Edmund's late Earl of 
Kent in the County of Lincoln, taken at Gretham 10 Jan., 

4 Edw. in. 

(The jurors) say that he held in his demesne as of fee tail 
to him and the heirs of his body of the gift of the lord the 
King the manor of Gretham with its member of Thorby 
( ? Thoresby) belonging to the same manor and with other 
appurtenances in Waynflete and elsewhere of the King in 
chief by knight service. 

And there is there a certain capital messuage with a croft 
adjacent worth yearly ij", and there are in demesne iiij score 
and X acres of land worth yearly xlv" (vi* per acre), and xx 
acres of meadow worth xl" (ij" an acre), and there is there a 
certain meadow which is called " le frith," worth yearly lx% 
and there are there v acres of pasture worth iij" iiij* (viij* per 
acre), and the rents of assize of free tenants and bond are ix^, 
and the aid of bond tenants at Michaelmas &c. are xxx", and 
the foreign rents are at the feast of S. Andrew xvij" viij*, at 
Christmas xxiij*, at the Purification xiij" iiij*, at Easter iiij" x*, 
at the feast of S. Botolph xv% and at Michaelmas vi*. And 
there is there a certain marsh worth yearly in the digging of 
turf Ixx". And all the tenants of Gretham shall plough with 
their ploughs at three seasons of the year, viz., at the winter 
and Lent sowing and at the fallow. And likewise the tenants 
of Wynceby, Hamerin^ham, and Scraythefeld who claim 
common in the marsh shall plough with their ploughs at the 
seasons aforesaid, and in the common years of ploughing they 
go to 60 ploughings, and each plough shall take of the lord for 
every ploughing ij*. And each ploughing is worth iiij* beyond 
reprise, because they shall so give if they do not work. Sum 
xx". And there are there xxv oxgangs of land in Gretham, 
each of which shall do two works in the autumn, and a work 
is worth i* beyond reprise. Sum iiij" ij*. And there arc there 


1 24 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

in Wynceby and Hameringham 1. (50) works at reaping, and a 
work is worth i* beyond reprise. Sum iiij" ii*. 

Also they say that the pleas and perquisites of the Courts 
there are worth Ixvi" viij* by the year. And there are there 
two crofts in Staynwath pertaining to the manor of Gretham, 
which are worth xij" by the year. Also they say that at 
Thorley ( ? Thoresby) which is a member of the manor of 
Gretham &c. 

W. O, M. 

70. An Account of some Ancient Arms and Utensils 
FOUND IN Lincolnshire, chiefly in the Bed of the River 


scoured out in 1787 AND 1 788. — (Continued from Vol. IV., 
p. 62). — 

A side view of it still tends to confirm the opinion that it 
never was intended for use. The edge is thin ; immediately 
above it the blade is thicker, but behind the thick part, exa£tly 
where the strength of a hatchet ought to be placed, it is 
thinner than in any other part. 

Such an axe could not be intended for chopping ; it would 
have broken in the thin part whenever it was used with 
strength. Combining then the beauty of the metal and the 
structure, incapable of being applied to work, we may feirly 
conclude it was intended for parade, and, if so, for what purpose 
so likely as the Securis of the Roman Li£lors. It was found in 
the Witham, near Bardney, 1787. 

£ 8, resembles the last in being made of white steel, of a 
form to all appearance useless for work, and in being highly 
sonorous when struck ; in general outline it differs much ^om 
it, and would not have brought the securis into the recolle£lion 
of an observer had not the other prepared the mind for it. 
The Romans quitted this island about the year 428, 1360 

fears ago, having been in full possession of it above 300 years, 
low very probable is it that fashion, inadvertency, or the 
want of good forgers in a distant colony, might alter the shape 
of the securis from its original regularity and elegance to the 
barbarous strudture of this. It was found in the Witham in 
1788, but where we do not know. 

"Battle dfxes, 

E 9. From the whole strudure of this axe, but principally 
from the form of the eye tapering upwards, which, though it 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 125 

gives the helve but a slight hold, lodges a weight of iron at the 
&rthest extremitv of the hand, well calculated to increase the 
force of a blow, this, and the two next numbers, may be 
conjeSured to have been used as weapons. They differ in size 
even more than the swords, and give an additional example of 
the care with which our pugnacious ancestors fitted the weight 
of their weapons to their bodily strength. This weighs 
2 pounds 5| ounces avoirdupois, and was found in the Witham, 
near Bardney, in 1787. 

E 10, Tab. 5, resembles the last in shape very exactly, but 
its weight is only i pound 6 ounces. It was found near the 
other in the Witham, 1787. 

E 1 1 . The strudlure of this also resembles very exa<31y the 
two preceding ones. Nails are still remaining in the top of 
the eye by which it was held to the helve. It weighs only 
I pound 4 ounces, little more than half the weight of E 9. It 
was found in the Witham, near Washingborough, in 1788, 
and with C 2 given to me by Dr. Locock. 

Military Musical Instrument marked F, 

The Lituus of the Romans continually mentioned in their 
classical writers, as in Horace^ Ode I., 

" Lituo Tubae commistus Sonitut," 

is supposed by good Antiquaries to have been adopted from the 
barbarous nations, and that the form of it was by the barbarians 
intended to resemble a snake, the principal objeft of their 
superstitious worship and the most sacred mysteries of the 
Druidical religion. If this is true it throws a new light on the 
crosshead shaft of the augur, which it resembles very much. 

It is accurately represented among the trophies which 
ornament the base of Trojan's Column at Rome, erefted in 
memory of his conquest over the Dacians and Sarmatians, and 
covered with bas reliefs describing the events of that war j it is 
also found on the reverses of some Roman coins. 

Fig. F I, Tab. 8. Imperfeft as this instrument is, both the 
ends being broken ofF, it is nevertheless a valuable relic, as 
there is little doubt but that it is the only one now remaining 
that has escaped the ravage of time. 

It is neatly made, with moveable points, so that it might be 
taken to pieces for convenience of carriage and has been richly 

It was found with a variety of other things, many of them 
Roman, in scouring out the bed of the Witham in 1 768, or 


126 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

thereabouts, near Tattershall Ferry (most of which are, it is 
feared, irretrievably dispersed), and when found was in all 
likelihood perfed. 

7)e/ensiye Armour marked G, 

Among the variety of arms, implements, &c., which the bed 
of the Witham has produced, it seems singular that one piece 
only of defensive armour should have appeared. The drawn 
swords and naked daggers imply that several soldiers were 
thrust into the river and lost in the very aft of fighting, and 
that the larger number of these were in armour the manners of 
the time in which they lived will authorise us to suppose. 

The plates of which armour is composed must be beaten 
thin, or the weight of the whole would overload even the 
strongest man, and such thin plates resist the destroying power 
of the elements less powerfully than the blades of weapons, but 
why the armour should be entirely rotted to dust, while some 
of the weapons retain in parts even their original polish, is not 
easy to conceive, unless the putrefaftion of the body to which 
it was firmly fixed, and which therefore passed through its 
various stages of decay in absolute contaft with it, produced an 
acid which has eaten it up. Shields were in a different 
predicament, but these were seldom used by our Saxon and 
Danish ancestors, and those they did use were made of leather, 
thinly plated with metal. 

G I. The remains of a helmet, so eaten up with rust as 
scarcely to hang together. It is kept only as a proof that 
defensive armour, whatever may be the cause, has not been 
preserved by the mud of the Witham, though offensive in 
general, has been transmitted down to us in excellent preser- 
vation. It was found near Washingborough in the Witham 
in 1788. 

Celts marked //. 

Various have been the opinions of Antiquaries on the subjed 
of these instruments, great quantities of which have been at 
different times discovered in different parts of England and 
some few in France. Their forms also are very various, from 
a solid wedge of excellent Roman brass, with no provision for 
fastening a handle, to a hollow eye, as is the case in these, and 
various other contrivances for that purpose, by which it is 
plain that they were, when used, fixed to some kind of handle 
or helve. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 27 

Dr. Lort has given a plate in the Archaohgia on which as 
many variations of the instrument as he has been able to obtain 
are very well represented, and a dissertation ably written, in 
which he states it as his opinion that they were weapons used 
by our ancestors, and in that opinion the Antiquaries at present 
seem universally to concur. 

The Celts in question, however, which were not found till 
long after the Doctor's essay was published, prove bevond a 
doubt that some were used as tools, for one of them evidently 
is a hollow chisel, another a hammer, and if we compare the 
whole of these implements, in the variety of shapes in which 
they have been found, with the stone hatchets of the ancient 
Britons, some of which are still preserved, little doubt will 
remain that they were intended for the same uses. 

When the Romans came to Britain they found the inhab- 
itants, especially to the northward, very nearly in the same 
state as that in which our late discoverers found the natives of 
the South Sea Islands and other lands that had not before been 
visited by civilized nations. They possessed food, rarities, 
and even articles of commerce, which the visitors wanted, but 
they themselves having by habit but few wants, had a desire 
for few of the various articles which were brought by the 

This produced a dilemma, which our modern travellers eased 
themselves of by observing that the natives, knowing the 
superiority of metal over stone, easily parted with their most 
valuable articles for imitations of their other tools in metal. 


71. Mablethorpe, Malberthorpe, Lincs. — In the 
pedigrees of the Fitzwilliams and the Yarboroughs of Lines., 
and the Greenes of Northants, wives are entered from the 
Mablethorpes. The arms of the latter were on the tomb of 
Sir Henry Greene in Greene's Northants church, and quartered 
with those of Greene on the tomb of Sir Thomas Parr and his 
wife (Greene), parents of Queen Catherine, yet I can find 
no Mablethorpe History or Pedigree down to the 14th 
century. Can you or any of your readers favour me with any 
information ? 

Lion or. 


128 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

72. RocHFORD Family. — Perhaps one of the readers of 
Lines, N, V ^ may be able to give some information 
respecting the pedigree and alliances of the family of Rochford, 
of Stoke- Rochford, Co. Lines., whose heiress, Joan Rochford, 
married in 1477 Henry Stanhope. She appears to have 
inherited the quarterings of Linsey, Fenne, and D'oiley, but 
the genealogical account given in Tumor's History of Qrant ham 
does not give sufficient details to shew how these quarterings 
were inherited. 



73. BooNED Road. — Your correspondent "R," in the 
April number of Lines, N, W ^., doubtless gives the right 
derivation of boon from the Dies precaria (boondays, love- 
boons, or loveboned), but the word has probably lost its original 
signification. The term is still in use in the neighbourhood 
of Nettleham, and I append the explanation of an ex -overseer. 
"The term 'Booned Roads' means in this neighbourhood the 
roads on which stone, granite, or some such material is used 
for repairs. I believe it is derived from the old custom of the 
various farmers in the parish sending their teams to lead the 
stone on the roads, each having to supply horses and men 
according to the size of their farm. This was called going 
' booning,' and although they are now paid either by day or at 
a certain price per ton, it is called by that name by the older 
labourers. I should suppose the old system would be abolished 
by the Highway Act of 1835, since which time Highway 
Rates have been levied to meet the cost of their maintenance. 
This seems to me to give a quite adequate explanation of the 
phrase as now used. 

Grayingham, C. Warren. 

74. Ea-meets. — See note on " Amotes," in Lines. N. isf ^., 
Vol. IV., p. 83. There is a jundion of two watercourses in 
the parish of Saltfleet-by-St.-Clements which is, or was, 
within my recolledion, called £a-meets. 

fVinterton^ Doneaster, J. T. F. 


Notes & Queries. 


M OTES ON Revesby.* — The first mention 

m of Revesby occurs in Domesday Book in 

\ 1086. " In Cherchebi (East Kirkby) and 

n Resuesbi (Revesby) there are 12 carucatest 

n of land rateable to gcltl : the land is 12 

'L carucates. 54 Sokemen and 14 Villeins 

I? have these 12 carucates. IVO has there 

one carucate (in demesne), and 2 churches, 

' meadow land. The whole Manor with all 

kat belongs thereto is 6 miles long, and 6 miles broad," 

This IVO was Ivo Taillebois of Anjou, who came over 

ith the Conqueror. There is much dispute as to his marriage, 

id as to the descent of his wife. Upon the whole, the better 

pinion appears to be that his wife Lucy was the daughter and 

:iress of Thorold the Sheriff. After his death she remarried 

^oger de Roumara, about 1093, and by him had a son, 

Cilliam of Roumara (the first of the name of William), 

fterwards Earl of Lincoln. 

' By the Uu Right Hod. Edwird Staohope, M.P., ind printed and niblii 
1 in 1891, now reprinted with the perniiitian of the Hon. Mn. Stauiope 

rintcd ind publiihcd by 

[ X Gelt (Dane) vm M. upon each arucate. 

' Vol. 4.^-No. 29. January. 

1 3 2 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

of Clairvaux in France ; just as Cleevcr Abbey in Somersetshire 
sprang from Revesby, having been founded by the second 
William of Roumara before 1188. Plans of both Rievaulx and 
Cleeve exist, and throw much light on the probable chara£ler 
of the buildings and of the Abbey Church at Revesby. 

They were all of the Cistercian order. In an interesting 
document, dated 1329, it appears that the Abbot of Clairvaux 
had issued instru£tions to the Abbots of Rievaulx and Fountains 
for contributions towards the Cistercian order. Rievaulx, in 
its turn, had issued similar instru£tions to the Abbeys of 
Revesby, Ruflbrd, and Wardon ; and, by the document, 
Revesby called upon Cleeve or Clyve to bear part of the 
burden imposed on her " with her daughter." The silver was 
to be paid in Florentine florins, of just weight, of the value 
current in Paris. 

One impression of the Seal of the Abbey is preserved in the 
office of the Duchy of Lancaster, and another at the British 
Museum. It represents an arm holding an Abbot's Crozier, a 
dexter three stars, on sinister one star, and inscribed ^^ Sigillum 
ABBATis D' St^o Laurentio."* A Seal of Henry, Abbot of St. 
Mary's, is also at the British Museum, and another of the 
Abbey and Convent of St. Mary, Revesby, is among the Harleian 
Charters (44, Z 2). 

The only books recorded as having been the property of the 
Abbey are " A life of St. Modwen, by Geoffrey, Abbot of 
Burton, and " A Commentary on the twelve Apostles," by 
Robert of Burlington.f 

In the time of Henry VIII. the temporal possessions of the 
Abbey were valued (gross) at £2^9 4^* ^o^- ^^ ^^^ dissolution 
of monasteries, the property of Revesby Abbey was granted to 
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and was described as 
"Scitum et circuitum nuper monasterii de Revesbie alias didL 
Reesbye necnon capellas San<^i Laurentii et Can£be 
Sithae. ' In the " Valor Ecclesiasticus,"J made in 1535, before 
the grant to the Duke of SuflFolk, the property of the Abbey 
in Revesby itself included — 

Aske in Revesby, containing 65 acres — 32s. 6d. 

Boscus „ 

* Originally the Abbey was always called aflter St. Lawrence. In later times it 
was also called after the Virgin. 

1 Thompson's Boston, last ed. (p. 754). 
Public Records. 


jy^c ^otL oi -REVESBY i^BBEY 

O^ jXJUL U ticuU Mi^iZtrx^ ex ttSie^ rut^^ ^u^ 
• Oi/uL fvKjOiJu^ulc , y*-*^ J^ defence . 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 133 

The Chapel of St. 

Lawrence ... in 


The Chapel of St. 



Grete Close 


containing 30 



Hiefeld Park ... 


Labina ... ••• 

Ley Close 


containing 30 

acres IIS. 






17s. 4d. 

Saint Sithe Close 


Shepehouse Close 











3s. 4d. 

Ten Acre Close... 


13s. 4d. 

Thistel Close ... 








and " Revesby Both " is 


spoken of. 

After the demolition of the monasteries, some small part of 
the Abbey remained for a long time standing above ground. 
The site of the old Abbey was, however, largely used as a 
stone quarry, and out of the stones dug from it the eighteenth- 
century chapel at Revesby, part of Mr. Bett's house near the 
church, and the drains for the new garden were constructed : 
much of the remaining stone was used all over the distri£l. 

There is no record of any exploration for any antiquarian 
purpose until 1780, when Sir Joseph Banks employed a man or 
two in October and November to explore certam small hills, 
neatly rounded, which had much the appearance of tumuli. 
In these, nothing of much interest is recorded to have been 
found, except some unexplained brickwork ; and there is 
nothing to show that Sir Joseph ever attempted any exploration 
of the Abbey Church, though, according to tradition, he made 
a later search, also in the S.W. corner of the Abbey field, 
where a large shield was found. 

In 1869-70 further explorations were made by direCHon of 
Mr. Banks Stanhope, under the eye of the Rev. T. Barker. 
An Account of this will be found in the Proceedings of the 
Lincoln Diocesan Architedural Society for 1869. They 
commenced in the cloister, and two of the cloister walls were 
soon found. They were then continued throughout the site 
of the old Abbey church, but in what must have been the 
Choir or presbytery almost all the stone had been already dug 
out. Mr. Barker says : ^^ The original system of drainage, 


1 34 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

carried out beneath the foundations, was excellent, and some 
green sandstone walls appear to have been built with an eye to 
keep the water from rising. The lowest layer of stones was 
filled up in the middle, as usual, with smaller stones and 
mortar ; upon these a layer of very large flat tiles, reaching 
across, was placed ; then a thin coating of mortar, and another 
tier of stones. This system was repeated about three times." 

These discoveries, besides ascertaining the site of the church 
itself and its approximate dimensions (although, unluckily, the 
exa£t length was never measured), included — 

{a) The lead work of the upper part of a window, with 
portions of stained slass in it, consisting chiefly of canopy 
work 5 now at the Abbey. 

(i) Some parts of the tracery of windows ; of the shafts of 
pillars with capitals and bases to match. A very large quantity 
of additional carved stone of great beauty, and of various dates 
was found built into the chapel, pulled down in 1890. 

{c) A grotesque gurgoyle, now at the Abbey. 

(d) Several tile floors ; and stretching across the nave, 
between the third and fourth pillars beyond the transept 
(probably at the entrance to the choir), was a band of tile 
pavement, including some eight diflFerent patterns. 

This was admirably copied shortly after its discovery, in a 
fairly perfeft state, by Lord Alwyne Compton, now Bishop of 
Ely. His beautiful drawing of it was lithographed. This 
pavement remained for some time covered up with straw, and 
suflFered grievously from exposure to weather. The colour 
faded a good deal, but in the winter of 1870 I brought up a 
specimen of the finest part and re-arranged it at the Abbey, 
from which it has been transferred to the new church ', as also 
some good specimens of the border tiles. 

{e) Four tombs were also discovered. Two were in the 
East Cloister, and were perfe£t. In these were found the 
skeletons of two monks with their crania feeing downwards. 
"I had previously heard," said Mr. Barker, "that on the 
occasion of a trench being dug along the East side of the 
Abbey enclosure, from North to South, there were found, at 
the North East corner, twelve skeletons in a row, with their 
skulls in the same position." 

The tombs bore these inscriptions : 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 35 

KAL APR ANO DNI MCCC [remainder indistinft, 
but probably] XIII CUI AIE PPTIET DEUS. 

That on the second was : 


At a later period in 1870 two other tombstones were 
discovered in a place which was evidently just in front of the 
high altar. In these tombs three bodies were found. It was 
usual to bury the body of the Founder in the front of the high 
altar; and accordingly we find it recorded in Dugdale's 
Monasticon that William de Roumara (having been made a 
monk in his last illness, as a passport to eternal salvation) ^^is 
tumbed and lyeth buryed in the said monastery there (of 
Revisbye), before the high aulter, and these verses following be 
writtyn uppon his said tombe :* 


And Dugdale goes on to add that William, eldest son of the 
founder, and of Lucie his wife (in which he is clearly wrong) 
died without issue in his father's life time, and is buried on the 
north side of his father's tomb, and ^^ these verses following be 
there written : 


And William, the youngest son of the founder, and of Lucie 
his wife, who founded the Abbey of Cliff (Cleeve) in 
Somersetshire, was buried on the south side of his father's 
tomb, and " these verses following be wretyn upon his tomb : 


* Thompson's BoitoH, Ed. 1820, p. 50, Afp, 


136 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


There can then be little doubt that the three bodies discovered 
were those of the founder and his two sons. Unfortunately 
they were not replaced where they were found, but were buried 
a short distance off. A granite stone, placed by me in 1890, 
records the site of the high altar and of their tombs. 

l^he general plan of the Abbey buildings and enclosures is 
very difficult to trace. They were evidently approached by a 
road on the North side, twenty-six feet wide, and more than 
two hundred and fifty yards long, flanked by a wall on each 
side. This entered the monastic enclosure in the middle of a 
wall, which can be traced east for some distance, even into the 
adjoining field to the east.* The field in which the chief 
remains have been found is known by tradition as ^^The 
Abbey Field," and the parallelogram, surrounded by a moat, 
near the road on the west side, is known as " Saffron Garth " 
(enclosure). The field on the other side of the road is known 
as " Paradise," and is supposed to have been the orchard. 
Remains of fish-ponds are plainly to be seen in various places ; 
and the large mounds, at the angles of the buildings, have 
never been explained, though they may have served for 
defensive purposes. 

At Medlam, where part of the monastic property was 
situate, are to be seen the remains of the site of a chapel. 
No record exists of this having been explored, although the 
tenant, Mr. Chapman, told me in 1881, that, with an engineer, 
then his guest, he had bored into it "for treasures some 
thirty years before, and found some tiles and fragments of 

At the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539, the estates of 
the Abbey were granted to Charles Brandon, Duke of Sufiblk,t 
together with much other land. He died in 1545, and was 
buried at Windsor. His two sons and successors, Henry and 
Charles, both died in one day, on July i6th, 1551, at the 
Bishop of Lincoln's house at Buckden. The Dukedom 
descended to the Marquis of Dorset, who had married the 
half sister of Charles Brandon. The estates were divided in 
1552 among the descendants of Sir Wm. Brandon, who were 

* The present fence to the north of the Abbey field it not the boundary of the 
Abbey Buildings. 

f Owned Revesby 1535-45. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 137 

" Sir Henry Sidney, Knight ; Thomas Glenham, Esq. ; John 
Carsey, Esq., and Francis his son by Margaret his wife 
deceased (sister to Charles Brandon), as heir of the said 
Margaret ; Christian Darnell, widow ; Walter Ascoughe, 
Esq., and Henry Ascoughe his son by Elizabeth his wife ; and 
John Tyre, Gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife.* 

This Mr. John Carseyf had the Revesby estate (the manors 
of Revesby, Willcsby, and Wood Enderby) for his share, and 
he appears to have resided at Revesby. His wife Margaret 
was the daughter of Sir Thomas Lovell, Knight, and grand- 
daughter of Margaret, sister and coheir of the Duke of 
Suffolk. His son Francis Carsey appears to have lived at 
South Ormsby, and in 1575 the fother and son jointlv sold the 
Revesby estate to Thomas Cecil, the Lord Treasurer Burleigh. I 
His pedigree shows that the property then descended through 
the nrst and second Earls of Exeter, and Elizabeth, wife of 
Sir Thomas Howard, Earl of Berkshire, to Henry Howard. 
Dying without male issue, he was succeeded in 1663 ^7 ^^^ 
nephew. Craven Howard.§ Craven Howard built a house 
there — but in 17 14 the entire property was sold to the Banks 
hmxly for the sum of ^14,000 by his representatives, the 
daughters of Henry Howard. 


76. Sir Edward Hussey's Baronetcy. — Among the 
few femily papers which have remained at Doddington Hall, 
is a small roll of documents relating to the Baronetcy of Sir 
Edward Hussey. He was the son and heir of Sir Charles 
Hussey, of Honington, Knt, and was himself already a knight, 
and married to Elizabeth Anton, the eventual heiress of 
Doddington, when he was included in the first creation of 
Baronets by James I., his patent being dated 29 June, 161 1, 
9 James I. As is well known, the objed of this creation was 
to raise money for the king's plantation of Ulster. One of 
these documents is the original Bond by which Sir Edward 
Hussey, in consideration of his Baronetcy, bound himself to 

* Dugdale's Baronage^ II., 300. 

f Owned Revesby 1552-75. The name was sometimes spelt Kersey. 

X Owned Revesby — The Lord Treasurer, 1575-98. 

I St Earl, 1 598-1 62 1. 

2nd Earl, 1621-40. 

Elisabeth, Lady Howard, 1640-58. 

Henry Howard, 1658-63. 
§ Owned Revesby, 1663-1714. 


138 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

pay the third annual instalment of a sum of ^1095 for this 
purpose. The Bond is written on parchment and has been 
cancelled by being cut into strips. It is endorsed, "Sir 
Edward Hussey his bond for ccclxv* IV*° Junii, 16 13," and 
runs as follows : — 

" Noverint universi per prassentes me Edwardum Hussey 
de Honington in Com: Lincoln: Milit: et Baronett: 
teneri et firmiter obligari serenissimo domino nostro 
Jacobo Dei gratia Anglie, Scotie, Francie, et Hibernie 
nunc Rege, in Mille marcis legalis monete Anglie 
solvendis eidem Domino Regi heredibus et executoribus 
suis ; Ad quam quidem solicitationem bene et fideliter 
faciendam, Obligo me, heredes, executores, et admin- 
istratores meos firmiter per praesentes Sigillo meo 
sigillat: dat: quarto die Junii 161 1, Anno Regni 
Domini nostri Regis Anglie, Francie, et Hibernie 
Nono, et Scotie Quadragesimo Quarto. 

The Condition of this Obligacion is such that if 
the above bonded Sir Edward Hussey, Knight and 
Baronett, his heirs, executors, or administrators, or 
some of them, doe well and truelie paie or cause to 
be paid into the hands of Thomas Wattson, Esquire, 
or into the handes of anie other to be by the 
Lord Treasurer of England named and appointed 
Receyvour of the Monyes paide and to be paide by 
such as his Ala^'® hath or shall create Baronette, to 
the use of his Ma**® his heirs or successors the some of 
Three Hundred Three Score and Fyve Pounds of 
Lawful! money of England, being one full thirde 
part of One Thousand Four Score and Fyftene 
Pounds, at or within the now office of the saide 
Thomas Wattson within his Ma***'s Receipte of the 
Exchequire in or upon the fyveth daie of June which 
shalbe in the yere of our Lord God One Thousand 
Six Hundreth and Thirtene without fraude or covyne, 
That then this Oblgacion to be voide and of none 
effect, or else to stand in full strength and virtue. 
Recognit : xxij° die Junii nono Edw: Hussey. 

Jacobi Regis coram me 
Edw: Bromley. 
The Receipts for the three annual instalments of ^365, 
which are engrossed on parchment, set forth very clearly the 
purpose of the payment, viz., for the maintenance of 30 foot- 

Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 139 

soldiers in the Icing's service for the defence of the Plantation 

of Ulster for a year at the rate of 8^. a day for each man. 

This is a copy of the receipt for the third and final payment. 

"In Pelle Recept' in Termino Pasche a® xj® R. Jacobi, 

Sabbi xvto Maii. . 

Lincoln. — D. Edwardo Hussey, mil. et Baronett' 

trescentas Sexagint' quinque libras in plen' solutione 

M iiij" XV* p ips' dno. Regi Jacobi dat' et concess' 

ad manutenend' triginta viros in cohortibus suis 

pedestribus in regno suo Hibernie pro defensione 

eiusdem, et p'cipue p securitate Plantationis Provincie 

Ultonie ibm p spatium trium annorum secundum 

ratam y'ujd, p quolibet huiusmodi pedite p diem 

durante termino predi£to solubil' p recognit suam 

quinto die Junii prox' futuro . . ccclxv* — sol*. 

Exx. Edw: War dour, ^^ 

This, however, was by no means the whole amount of his 
payment, as is shown by the following long list of Fees paid 
by him for the issue of his patent and for his release from his 

"At Mr. Wattson's office in the Receipt. 
Juinto Junii 1612 .... ccclxv*' 
Juinto Junii 1613 .... ccclxv*' 
it" there was the other third pte paide into thexchequer 
in hand before the passinge of the patent, viz. ccclxv*, 
as may appear by the Receipt under the Receivours hand 
plinilary appointed for this Receipt for the Baronettcy. 

Baron Bromley before whom these ij bondes in the 
nature of recognizances were acknowledged, his man had 

for his Master xiijj. iiijV. 

His man had for enteringe them into the 

booke — iiijrf. 

*May itt please yo' Ldshps. there was paide into my 
Office this p'sent day by Sir Edward Hussey, Knight and 
Baronett, the some of ccclxv* in pte of One Thousand 
Fourscore and P'ifteene poundes by him given and 

fraunted to his Matie. towardes the maintenaunce of 30 
ootemen servinge his Matie. in Ireland for defence of the 
province of Ulster by the space of iij yeares followinge att 
the rate of viij^. per diem to each of them during the 
same time for which there is a Tally stricken this p'sent 
as appeareth. And ij several! bondes for ccclxv* entered 
into by the said Baronett for the remaine being vii® xxx*, 


140 Lincolnshire Notes & ^uertes. 

and acknowledged before Sir Edward Bromley, Knight, 
one of the Barons of thExchequer to his Matie. accordinge 
to such dire<%ons as I have received for the same . . ccclxv^ 

Witness my hand this xviij day of June, 161 1, 

Tho: WatUon! 

Watson had for this and striking ye Talley .... xxj. 

Watsons man, viz. Poydon, had for him and the 
rest of his fellows for making the aforesaid ij bondes . xvx. 

Memd. that this xviij of June, 161 1, Sir Edward 
Hussey in the County of Lincoln hath taken the oath 
appointed by his Matie for the Baronetts in the presence 
of us. 

Jul: Casar, 

Sir Julius Csesars clarke had for this .... vjx. 

Itm. pd. unto Joanes and the rest of his fellows being 
M' Coulwerts men for provinge viij of the Lordes 
Commissioners hand to the patent for warrant unto the 
great seale xx • 

Itm. unto the doorekeepers of the Councell Chamber ijj. 

The names of Councellors that subscribed, — iJ. Salisbury^ 
H. Northampton^ Nottingham^ Tl Suffolke^ Gilbt. Shrews- 
buryy Edw. Worcester^ Ed^. Wotton^ julius Casar, 

Eih: Bromley, 

Given unto M' Colverts man, which he demanded as 
a fee dew unto his Mr. who was then Clarke of the 
Councell attendaunt for the warrant unto M'. Sollicitor, 
viz. Sir Fr. Bacon, for drawinge the patent . . . xxj. 

Itm. given unto M' CoUverts man of whome I 
received the sd. warrant xs. 

Itm. to the doore keepers of the Councell Chamber iij j. 

Itm. given to M' Sollicitor for drawinge the 
patent v* — 

Itm. given unto Younge his clarke for writen 
the same xli. 

Itm. to Younges man ijs, 

Itm. to Watsons man, viz. Poydon, for making a 
bill for payment of some pte. of the money the next 
morninge that I wanted when I was in payinge the 
money into thexchequer ijs, 

Itm. to M' Kirkham, one of my Lorde Treasurers 
Secretarys xlx. 

Itm. the Charges to the Crown Office for passinge 
the pattent which was paid to Sir George Coppin xiiij^ — 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 141 

Itm. given unto the Clarkes amongst them . . xxx. 

Itm. to M' Pinches beinge one of them who 
specially ingrossed the patent xx. 

Itm. to his boye that brought me word uppon 
Thursday att night that the patents should be sealed 
the next day ijx. 

Itm. to his boye for writing a copie for me of 
theire names who hadd theire patents sealed when 
myne was xxij^. 

Itm. given M' Calvert, the Clarke of the Councell, 
when Sir Phillipp Woodhouse was with me for to 
know what Lincolnshire or other men was corned 
into the roale since I was ranked xxr. 

Itm. given unto M' Kirkhams man att several! 
times iijx. 

Itm. pd. unto Sr. George Coppin, the clarke of 
the Crowne, att the receit of mv Patent under the 
Seale, witnes his man M' Pincnes who tould the 
money and delivered itt to his measter . . xiiij^ — 

Itm. given unto the Clarkes of the Crowne Office 
amongst them in devident for ingrossinge my patent xxx. 

Itm. given unto M' Pinches, one of the clarkes, 
for his speciall care that itt should be hrt written . xx. 

Itm. for a box and lock to lay the patent ynn . iiijx. vjd. 

Itm. to M' Pinches for a copie of the patent and 
sight of the instructions before the book came forth 
in print xvijx. 

Itm. for ij bookes after they came in print wherein 

the Commissioners patent and the instructions with 

a copie of the patent and copie to be granted and 

taken by the Baronetts are expressed and imprinted. 


Pd. 20 May to M' Watson, one of the tellers in 
thexchequer, when I payed my second payment, 
viz. cccLXV^ for my creation of Baronitt for making 
the bill wheruppon the taylie was stricken . . . ijx. 

Itm. to M' Wardour in office Pellin' for the 
constatt uppon the taylee ijx. 

Itm. to him for registringe and inroulinge of 
both the bondes in that office, when they were 
acknowledged iiijx. 

Md. that M' Watson delivered in my bond 
without any other fee when I payed the money. 


142 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

And Lorde Townsend did have inroulmt. of my bond 
and recognizance erased and crossed over, and a vacato 
intered in the margent in M' Wardours office hard by my 
lord Chauncellors house in the Strand without fee. 

So as att the last paymt. I am to pay butt ijx. to M' 
Watson his Clarkes for the bill wheruppon the Taylee is 
to be stricken, and ijx. to M' Wardour for the constat for 
that both the bondes are payde for theire inrolmts/' 

There was a question as to the precedency of the newly- 
created Baronets, in reference to which the following letter 
was wrirten to Sir Edward Hussey, by his friend Sir Gervase 
Clifton, from London. It is addressed — " To my honorable 
frend Sr. Edward Hussye, Knight & Baronett, at Hunington,'' 
and has been endorsed by him — "Recepi 13® Feb. 161 1. 

" S% — I pray you excuse me that I answered not your 
frendly letter, by your seruant, being weary wth my 
trauayle & desirous for your satisfadlion to send you the 
copyes of the Petitions late exhibited, wch in so shorte 
time could not well have bin transcribed out of my 
papers, but for the businis, you shall perceaue how far it 
hath proceded hitherto in shorte from me : that is to say, 
the Councell hath bin pleased to admit som debate of o' 
righte befor them, but wth. so little com forte of any good 
end, as it was held convenient to appeale to the Soveraigne 
power & beseech him to hear & iudge vs : wch this 
inclosed petition imediatelye to his Ma^ obtaned, & I 
thinke it will receaue som scanning the next weeke, we 
leaving him purposed to returne from Rye to Whithall on 
Sathurday next : The poynt in question is whether we be 
Banneretts or no, wch we seeke by all meanes to be 
declared, by surrendring o' former Patents and taking new, 
wherby a nice difference & as it is somewhat pro^ble a 
willful! mistaking shall be reconciled and explaned to o' 
benefits, & we enjoy greater priviledges and immunities 
then we might befbr. Principally we are oposed in 
matter of precedency after Barons younger sons, wch 
we resolve to hold as o' due till the King declare agaynst 
us ye sayd place, wch we hop he will never do, bycause it 
is so aparant a wrong unto us. The Charge already 
sustained hath bin 3^ a man, wch those that haue been 
present haue borne of ther owne purses the meanes from 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 143 

whence it grew for retaining of Councell & serching 
records. The party we make o' friend in this busines to 
the K. is Vicount Hadington (we have many of us 
subscribed a note wherein we promise him ^^500 upon 
effecting the same, to wch charg such as wilbe 
contributory may & be thought by o' number so much 
the worthier, such as will not may peradventure not reap 
the same benefitt : for y' coming, it is no mor necessarv 
then it might make the K. see the grevance mor general!, 
& so move him mor to tender (?) it. The Charge is 
small to the gayne & hop, & therfor 1 leave it to y' 
consideration, & myself to the best use wch you can mak 
of me who will ever rest 

yo" most assured, 

Gervas Clifton:' 
The Petitions enclosed in this letter addressed to the King's 
Council and the King himself, are as follows : — 

I. Endorsed: — "The Baronettes Peticion to the 
Lordes of his Maties most Ho*'* Councell exhibited Anno 
161 1. Anno Regis Jacobi Anglie, Frauncie et Hibernie 
- nono, et Scotie XLV**." 

" The humble Petition of certayne Baronetts touching 
their Patents. They most humbly shew to y' Lordships 
that whereas his most excellent Ma^% gratiously accepting 
their zeale and endeavour towardes his service in that his 
Princely worke of the Plantation of Ulster, hath beene 
pleased to confer uppon them by y' grave and Honorable 
advise the dignitie state and aegree of Baronette by 
letters patent, devised and drawn accordinge to your 
Lordship's direction with great care and iudgment, Yt is 
conceaved that as noe worke of importance longe out of 
use can att once be renued & reduced to his perfedlion, so 
there are some things in your said patents that may 
require amendment, grounded in effect uppon necessarye 
consequence of reason & the sure intente of your said 
pattents. Now because graunts that are of doubtfull 
construction begett controversies which in cases of this 
nature they desire to avoyde, they are Humble suitors. 
That as yee weare means att the first to convey these 
graunts from his Ma^* to them, soe yee wilbe pleased to 
continue to be theire meanes to his Ma^ so to perfed 
his worke as they may inioie effectually in law the sure 
meaninge of his Ma***'s Grante. And that his Ma*** wilbe 


144 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

pleased to make your said suppliants Letters Pattents to 
the efFed aforesaid, And therin as it will appear by your 
warraunte that Baronetts are one and the self-same dignitie 
& estate with Banneretts, That his Ma^* wilbe pleased so 
to declare and create your suppliants & the heires males 
of theire bodyes, whereby this intricacy & confusion may 
be avoided of baronetts giving place unto puny Banneretts 
made by the kinge, which are to give place to anntient 
Banneretts made by his lieftanaunt, of whome the 
Baronetts are to take place, wherein their pattents are 
held doubtfull in law, & that your Supplts'. councell may 
be admitted to attend on his Ma^^ learned Councell for 
the framinge of such a draught of Letters Pattents as may 
planely declare your Lordships suppliants humble desire 
herein, Whereby as itt will (we know) invite many moore 
worthy persons to concurr towardes the said plantacion, 
So shall they all be bound to praye for his Ma^^ longe & 
happie reigne, & for your lordships good estate.'' 

2. Endorsed, — "The Baronetts Peticion to his Ma*** 
exhibited Anno 1611, Feb: Annoque Regis Jacob! 
Anglie, Frauncie et Hibernie nono, et ocotie XLV***." 

" Maye it please y' most excellent Ma**% 
Finding by some speache cause of doubte that the degree 
conferred upon us in yo' gratious acceptaunce of o' service 
may, contrarye to yo' Letters Patente, receive some 
blemishe by a declaration or list intended, we are inforced 
in all humblenesse to flye to the bosome of yo' clemency 
& justice, the fountaine of honor & cleare mirror of truthe, 
in this our cause, hopinge the worke of oure service shall 
not be a means to set up the Children of Lords above the 
due of their place, & deje£t us & the bodye of the gentrye 
with us by declaringe the degree of Baronett new, wch 
we are readye undoubtedlye to prove unto yo' Ma*** to be 
not onely anntient & the same with Bannerett, but uppon 
the like consideration as ours graunted of inheritance 
before anye Baronett can produce Patent, whereby the 
imputacion of noveltye wilbe avoided, & no color of iust 
grevaunce given to any as myght be by interposition of a 
newe degree. We therefore humblye offer upp unto y' 
sacred person the hearinge & protedion of o' most iust 
cause, Beseechinge yo' Ma*** so to stand to yo' owne 
power goodness and lustice that this anntient recompence 
of vertuous merit maie not in us receive diminucion in 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 145 

place or priviledge, or we stand registered unto posteritye 
for persons of less worthe then those o' anncestors who 
fullye inioyed the same, neither your eledive will, 
supreme power, inviolable Sovereignte, be recorded lesse 
absolute and efFeftuall then those of yo' Ma**** Progenitors 
of famous memorye whose grace stand iirme without 
oposition in this kind when many more then now, & as 
meane as o' selves have been ranked in this degree. We 
therefore humblye pray yo* Ma*** most gratiouslye to be 
pleased to understand for us by o' selves or o' Councell the 
true state of o' cause. And we as otherwise bound shall 
ever prave for yo' Ma**** longe health & prosperous raigne 
over us. ' 

Doddington. R. E. Cole. 

77. " MociciNG THE Church.'* — In a contemporary serial 
which deals with East Anglia, several references to this have 
appeared, turning more particularly upon the fee or fine paid. 
The extraft given below shews another way of treating the 
matter. It is taken from the record of the Visitation of the 
Archdeacon of Lincoln, and is of the date of 1636. 

"William Ingoles of Skirbecke quarter and Hanna Moule: 
p: for being publiquly asked in the Church 3 seuerall Sundayes 
or holydayes beinge 6 weekes since and, not p'ceedinge to 
marriage according to y* Lawes Cannons and Constitutions 
Ecdi'all of this Church of England.'' 


78. Severe Frost, 1697. — Mr. Edward Payne, writing 
from Stragglethorpe to Mr. Welby, of Denton, under date 
Dec. II, 1097, says: "Here is most mighty severe weather, 
and corn rises prodigiously, barley is already 30* a Quarter, 
wheat 7' a strike, and rye 10 groats, and they are all rising 
commodities ; it is thought barley will be at 40" before new 
comes in : here has been this last night such a miserable snow, 
and winde with it, that it has buried y* sheep in y* reaks of 
snow : I have sent all my servants out to hunt for mine } the 
reaks are as deep as a man is high, against the hedges." In a 

Vol. 4. K postscript 

146 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

postscript dated next day he adds : '^ It is thought the Election 
for Grantham will be next week : I fear M'. Newton will lose 
it. This was writt on Saturday, but nobody could get to or 
from Grantham, the snow was so deep." Mr. Newton, of 
Haydor, represented Grantham from 1660 to 1681, and 
evidently lost the Election referred to above. 

A. E. Welby. 

79. Animal Apparitions in Lincolnshire. — I am 
unable to answer the question in the last number of Lines. 
N. i!f ^., headed "The Ghost in Bolingbroke Castle": it may 
be of interest, however, to note that spiritual manifestations in 
the form of animals are anything but uncommon in the 
country between the H umber and the Welland. 

Wizards and witches, of course, can assume the shape of the 
lower creatures here as in every other part of the world, and 
true phantom animals are yet to be encountered, if popular 
conviction may be taken as testimony. 

Tatterfoal, or Shagfoal, the rough-coated goblin-horse who 
has deluded travellers with his tricks in nearly every country of 
Europe, has not withdrawn his presence entirely from Lincoln- 
shire, although he is only rarely heard of at the present time. 
Spectre-dogs with coal-black hides and glaring saucer-eyes are 
also to be counted among the boggards adlually or till recently 
inhabiting the county. A dog of this description, spoken of 
as "Bargest," which, like the Norfolk and Cambridgeshire 
"Shuck, had an aflecflion for burial-grounds, used to haunt the 
graveyard at Northorpe, near Kirton-in-Lindsey, in the first 
half of the present century. It has been stated that he and 
his congeners in other parts of England are in reality the 
traditionally- remembered ghosts of animals formerly enclosed 
in the walls or interred under the foundations of the church 
near which they roam. 

In Denmark the Kirie-varsel and in Sweden the Kirie-frim 
are undoubtedly the lingering ghosts of creatures thus sacrificed 
to secure the building which they haunt against sinking and 
cracking, or other ill-luck. The heathen notion of a blood 
sacrifice being essential for the success of any important 
undertaking, such as ereding a stronghold or ecclesiastical 
edifice, or constructing a bridge over a turbulent stream, 
retained its power over the minds of Western and Northern 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 147 

Europe long after the population had become nominally 
christian. To this day, in destroying old thatched cottageSj a 
crock, or jar, containing the withered heart of some animal, 
with other curious relics pertaining to magic, is occasionally 
found under the threshold or beneath the hearthstone. Such a 
heart — this organ being esteemed the seat of all vital force — it 
can scarcely be doubted typifies and represents the creature 
whose immolation was accomplished with the intention of 
guaranteeing safety and freedom from evil spells to the 
homestead in or near which it was buried. 

To return, however, to demon-dogs. A canine apparition 
named '^ Hairy Jack" was to be met with in the parish of 
Grayingham some years ago, and phantoms of the same breed 
are said to prowl about lonely plantations, by-ways, and waste 
places to attack anyone passing, althoueh it must be confessed 
that proof of injury actually inflided by them is hard to 

Sometimes ^' boggards '' appear in bovine form. The 
Lackey Causey ghost, which is reported to come out from 
under a *^ tunnel over an insignificant streamlet into the road 
between Wrawby and Brigg, with the purpose of enticing 
people into the water, is a white calf, sometimes said to be 
without a head. Another white calf, as Mr. Penny has 
recorded in the Lines. N. & J^., II., p. 144, was to be seen 
near Tupholme Priory some years ago, and it is worth noting 
that a similar creature, also white in colour, is to be encountered 
in the parish of Liphook in Hampshire. 

Spedral cattle are also known on the continent. To quote 
German instances alone, there is the Winselmutter of Voigtland, 
a calf with red eyes, which appears before the house where 
anyone is going to die. If its head turns upwards fire will 
break out (Kohler, f^oll^sbrauch in f^oritlandey p. 478). Then 
there is the Stadt-Thier, or town beast, which haunts Freiburg 
in a similar shape ; and HenneJ(alb^ a mischievous animal of the 
same species troubles the peace of wayfarers in the Schonstelwald, 
between Aufstetten and Striith (Baader, Volkjiagtn aus dem 
Lande Baden^ 1851, pp. 48, 396). Apparitions in the likeness of 
hares and rabbits are not infrequent in Lincolnshire. White 
rabbits or hares of ghostly nature seem to be even more 
especially conneded with misfortune than other phantoms, both 
in England and elsewhere. In many Yorkshire villages the 
oldest members of the community have a steadfast opinion 
that whoever sees a white rabbit cross his path at night is 


148 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

doomed to speedy death {cJ. the Leeds Mercury^ Feb. 28, 
1 891, p. 12, col. iv.) In Worcestershire it is also a death- 
token {Foli'Lorey June 1893, p. 258) though in Devonshire 
one of the stories relating to it represents it as a gentle 
tremulous spirit flying before the wild-huntsman and his 
iire-breathing hounds. 

One of the legends of Cornwall relating to this spirit 
teaches tl^at a deadly mine-accident at Wheal Vor is always 
presaged by the appearance of a hare or white rabbit in one of 
the engine houses (R. Hunt, Popular Romances 0/ the West of 
England^ 1881, p. ^50) and popular ^ncy in the same county 
cherishes the pitiful idea that ^ when a maiden who has loved 
not wisely but too well, dies forsaken and broken-hearted 
. she comes back to haunt her deceiver in the shape 
of a white hare " (Ibid. p. 377). The white hare is also often 
seen in the French province of Berry, where, however, it has 
the power of assuming other forms, for which reason it is 
spoken of rather indefinitely as la bete blanche. Its appearance 
is said to foreshow misfortune, but it does not commit material 
mischief (Laisnel de la Salle, Croyances et Ligendes du Centre de 
la France^ 1875, I., p. 2). 

In Sweden "Backabjer's hare'* is a four-legged banshee who 
leaves its lair ... to foretell the death of lords and 
noble ladies, dwellers in Marvinsholme, whose path it crosses. 
Then, the night after the doomed one is called away, four 
headless children dance in the twilight's gloom before the 
prestgard " (H. Marryat, One Tear in S'weden^ 1862, 1., p. no). 

These phantom hares and rabbits merely testify by their 
presence to approaching evil, but similar animals, white or 
otherwise, are actively dangerous when they are in reality the 
servants of the devil in disguise. The sorcerer is as malignant 
under the shape of a timid rodent as when working in the 
aspedt of a dog or venemous toad, and is to be avoided and 
execrated in any form whatever. 

The wizard s power of transforming himself at will is a 
belief deeply ingrained in the folk-lore of every nation. In 
South America he is credited with becoming a jaguar, in Africa 
a hyaena, and so on through every race and country of the 
world. Among the Scandinavians, ftom whom the people of 
Eastern England inherit many of their dearest superstitions, 
this supposed gift of shape-changing was not necessarily used 
with evil intentions. Innocent people it is true were often 
bewitched into animals, but there are many instances in the 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 149 

sagas of persons who took on themselves animal form by their 
own will, and men and women would travel long distances 
under a chosen bodily mask, leaving their truer physical entity 
in a kind of trance meanwhile. 

The great God Odin himself was an adept at changing his 
semblance as occasion required, although he was the arch-enemy 
of wizardry, for as the chief deity of the relatively enlightened 
nature-worship of northern Teutondom, he was in essential 
antagonism with the animistic beliefs which tend towards 
degrading fetichism and magic. 

How long the more advanced nations of Europe continued, 
after their conversion from paganism, to put feith in the 
possibility of a human being entering into animal shape by fair 
means, it is difficult to say, but the twentieth century will 
certainly have arrived, and will probably have rolled away to 
the past ages, before any one country in the civilized world 
has totally relinquished the conception that pradticers of the 
black-art are able to carry out their nefarious intentions in 
animal form. 


80. Field Names in Spanby. — ^The following names of 
meadows are mentioned in an Act of 1757 settling estates of 
Francis Fysher upon certain Trusts, &c. : — 

The Old Yard 
The Hall Orchard 
The East Rows 
The Middle Rowsl 
and > 

Farr Rows ) 

The Pasture Close 
Homestead Croft 

Mole Close 
Middle Close 
East Close 
Long Close 
Osbournby Field 
Bailes Herne-Close 
Butt Close ^ 

and S- ... 28 o 

RufF Close) 























150 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Acre Roods 
Stoney Close ... 3 o 

Pickering Close "^ 

and > ... 28 o 

Party Close ) 
The Great Bankley'^ 

and > ... 55 o 

Little Bankley ) 
Everetts Two Rows 
Bowcock Hill Close 
Holderness Great Field 
Willson's East Great Field... 
Thompson's Blith Close ... 

Also — Attywell Close, Two Sand Furlongs, The 
Bottoms, Brickiln or Hill Close, Buske, The Oat 
Close, The Oaty or Dry Close, The Oaty or Land 
Close, The Westbecks Close, the Little Party Close, 
Great Picketing Close, The Two Westbecks or 
Road Close, Beecrofts Bottom or Hopdeles Close, 
The Bull Close, The Pingle or Row Close. 


13, ^een Annis Gate. A. E. Welby. 

81. Bishop Williams and the Dutch Congregation 
IN Lincolnshire. — Among the manuscripts at Melbourne 
Hall, Derbyshire, is the draft of a letter which Sir John Coke, 
Secretary of State, addressed to Archbishop Laud. The draft 
is in Sir John's own handwriting, and I give so much as 
relates to Bishop Williams, and with the greater pleasure 
because it affords a more fevourable view of him than, 1 fear, 
might sometimes be taken : — 

*' . . . Before I came from Windsor I spake w*^ 
the Bishop of Lincolne concerning the Dutch church in 
Vernackes draininge. His dired and confident answer is 
That hee hath donne neither wil do anie thing therin. 
Though hee remembreth that about five years since 
Vernack or some other moued him for such a licence. 
But his answer was, that except they would conforme 
them self [j/V] to our comon prayer booke, and follow our 
liturgie Hee would never permit them w%in his diocese 
to officiate otherwise. • 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 5 1 

So leaving you to Gods protefUon I remain 

Your Graces 

most humble servant 
"Tottenham 10 July John Coke/* 


[Indorsed by Sir John Coke] 

" 1636 July 17 [sic] 

Copie to L* Arch, of 



82. Frikston y. FisHTOFT, 1477. — ^The following 
difference of opinion between the inhabitants of Frieston and 
Fishtoft with regard to the boundaries of their respedive 
parishes in the 15th Century may be of interest to those of 
your subscribers who dwell in those parts at the present day : 
it is copied verbatim from the original which came into my 
possession at the sale of the Burton Constable MSS. in 1889. 

[20 May, 1477.] 

"Special com'awndment of o' sou'eyn lord the kyng that 
now is [Edw. IV.] beryng datt the xx*** dav of May 
the yer of his g'cyous reyn the xvii, to William busy 
that tym beyng his gen'all Attornay, Ric Welby, 
Thomas Ky me, And William Pavnell his Comyssoners 
of pees in dyuers p'tis of his schyr of lincoln to put 
them in deber And ich of them for a reformacyon 
And gude and p'fyt direflyon Aft* their discretyon 
and lernyng of certeyn varyance and debate had and 
moued and don be the Inhi'tance of the lordschip of 
iFreston to the Inhabitance of the lordschip of Toft of 
a muschell skelp and dyuers odyr comodytes As be 
Abill made to our seid sou'eyn lord comprysed with 
in his seid comawndment Apervd. And also the 
duke of Clarence* that tym beyng lord of the lordschip 
' of i&eston Assigned mayst' hew Capton is surveyour 
of all his lordschippys with in the schyr of lincoln 
Thomas ffitz William the younger on of his Cowncell 
leonerd Thornburgh And Thomas Totoft in lyke 

* The Duke of Clarence above referred to was that unfortunate prince, brother 
to Edw. IV., who was drowned in a butt of malmeaey in the tower of London, on 
the 1 8th February, 1478 ; accused and condemned to death by hit brother the king, 
the Duke chose this whimsical way of ending his life. 


1 5 2 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

maner for reformacyon of the varyance afor rehersyd 
to be with them that were assigned be our sou'eyn 
lord the kyng And then Acordyng to hys Comawnd- 
ment As well thois p'sones assigned be our sou'eyn 
lord the kyng And thoys p'sones assigned be theduke of 
Clarence p'fixid the fryday next After the fest of 
Corpus Xpi next Aft' the xx*** day of May Afor 
rehersyd to mete at Toft And at the place of the 
lordschip of Toft wer the varyance was. At wych 
dav and place the p'tis Afor seid wer Assemelyd And 
callyd the Inhi'tantys of both lordschvpis to for theym 
And many odyr Inhi'tantys of odyr lordschippys ther 
next Aionantt. And than and their All the seid 
Inhi'tantys in the syght And nye to the grownd wer 
the muschell skelp was examynd Said that certeyn 
Crykis And Sewers wer the bowndys and metis 
betwyx the lordschip of Toft and fireston the wych 
Crykis And Sewers wer betwix A marsch callyd 
Pechymarch And that belongyd that tym to dame 
Jane Welby And then it Aperyd that the seid 
muschell skelp was iFer with in the bowndys of the 
lordschip of Toft And ther wer the muschell skelp 
was Was the seu'all grownd of my lady Willughby 
than beyng lady of the lordschip of Toft. And than 
and ther the Inhi'tants of the lordschyp of iFreston 
clamyd to have a comon for to gadyr muschell in the 
seid seu'all grownd of the lordschip of Toft, for the 
wich the seid Inhi'tants of the lordschyp of fireston 
wer demawndyd be all the cowncell a for rehersyd 
that wer ther if they had any specyall graunt of any 
of the lordys of the lordschip of Toft to have any such 
comon as they Cleymid and the seid Inhi'tantys of 
the lordschyp of i&eston seid nay. wer for be p'fitt 
and dilygent comunycacyon and serch of all maner 
titilb and rightys Acordyng to their discrecyons and 
lernyngys be sych informacyon of Any p'son And also 
syght of the sam grownds the seid Cowncellys 
Assigned be the kyng our sou'eyn lord And be the 
Duke of Clarence for his lordschyp of fh-eston thought 
that the muschell skelp was clerly out of the lordschyp 
of fFreston And with in the bowndys of the lordschyp 
of Toft And that non officer or bayly hot only 
ofiycer or bayly of the lordschyp of Toft schuld mell 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 153 

rewll or entermet hym for the muschell skelp in the 

seid lordschyp of Toft And sych instrucyon gaffe to 

John Cartwryght that tym beyng baily of the 

lordschyp of ffreston And Acordyng to thys mater 

A for rehersyd And be specyall request of the 

Inhi'tance of the lordschyp of Toft And for very qyte 

and pees of the Inhi'tantys of both lordschypis A for 

rehersyd the p'tis A for rehersyd Assigned for cowncell 

be the kyng our sou'eyn lord And be the Duke of 

Clarence A for rehersyd hath set to their seallys/' 

Six seals pendent, should be eight. No. i — A 

heart in a diamond shaped device. No. 2 — A 

shrimp, for Kyme. Nos. 3, 4, 5 — Merely 

lumps of red wax. No. 6 — A lion ? couchant 

under a tree. — Size 14 Inches by 9 J. 

W. H. Smith. 

83. Ancient Welby Monument. — I have a tracing of 
a small drawin? of an upright memorial stone, inscribed 
"-|- Hie Jacet I Johna Welby | prima (?) uxor Johis | de 
Hagh." There is no record where the drawing came from, 
and I have found no mention of the monument in Gervase 
Holies' Notes on Qf^urches. Richard Welby, of Multon, d. 
1465, bequeaths to ^^my sister Haugh 20x." Is anything 
more known about this monument ? 

A. E. Welby. 

84. "Excerpts from the Grimoldby Parish 
Registers" (Vol. IV., p. 112). — "6. Timotheus Wollfitt 
Re^fa" istius ecclesiae. Redloriam cessione reliquit, et adhuc 
inter vivos, cui successit. 7. Edwardus Johnson Reffa* 
ejusdem ecclesiae Anno 1669.'* 

It appears by the Bishops' Books at Lincoln that Timothy 
Welfitt, S.T.P., was presented by the King to the reftory of 
South*Kelsey St. Mary, vacant by the resignation of Thomas 
Raikes, on 24th November, 1 669. In the Register of St. Mary, 


154 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

South Kelsey, after the last entry for the year 1666, we 
read " Anno sequente jngreditur T. Welfitt D: D: " evidently 
the Dodor's handwriting and signature. From 8th May, 
1667, to 28th March, i68a the entries are his, including the 
following in 1671 : "Mr. Thomas Harnesse of Laceby 
married to Anne the daughter of Timothy Welfitt, Dr. in 
Divjnjty, August y* 3'*." When did he cease to keep the 
registers at Grimoldby ? The learned Dodor's large, bold 
writing can be easily distinguished, as well as his knack of 
airing his Latin — "Ann® Sequentem Beat Deus.** "Sic 
vertitur Annus 1671 cum pagina R: T. W." His writing 
ends in 1680. There is no entry of his burial, but fi-om 1683 
to 1689 the registration was grossly neglected. On 24th May, 
1686, otephen Willoughby was presented by the King. 

H. C B. 

85. RocHFORD Family. — References to this family will 
be found in Thompson's Hist, of Soston, p. 319, Ed. 1856; 
Maddox's Hist, of the Exchequer^ see index ; and Oldfield's 
Hist, of fVainfeet. Richard Welby, of Multon, d. 1465, 
married Joan d. Sir John Rochford. She was possessed of 
Rochford's Manor, E. Barsham, Norfolk. The Welbys 
quarter the Lindsey arms. According to the Fisitation Tedigree 
John Welby, of Frampton, married Anne, or Maude, d. and 
h. Sir Jervace Danvers Lynsey, who had married the d. of 
Swaby, and called himself Swaby. 

A. E. Welby. 
13, ^een Annfs Qate, 

86. Marmion of Scrivelsby (Vol. IV., p. 121). — I 
thank Mr. W. Morton for the plea he gives us, but I cannot 
admit that it proves that Philip Marmion was summoned to 
any acknowledged Parliament. The mention of "armed 
horse " and " money for his expenses in the service of the 
king" seems to pomt to a military council such as, it is 
known, he was summoned to more than once. In 45 Henry 
III. he was summoned cum equis et armis to the Council at 
London on the Morrow of the Apostles Simon and Jude. 
His name also appears in the list of summonses cum equis et 
armis^ Teste at Westminster 25 May, 47 Henry III. (A.D. 
1263). Burke considers the Marmions of Scrivelsby and 
Tamworth as "merely feudal lords" [ExtinSi Peerages) \ 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 155 

moreover he telb us, that the first summonses by writ to 
Parliament appear to have been tested in the 49th year of 
Henrv III., "from which period no similar writ seems to have 
issuea until the 22nd year of Edward I.,** a fact which, if true, 
is fatal to any notion that Philip Marmion was summoned to 
Parliament circa 56 Henry III. I must therefore adhere to 
my opinion "that there is no evidence that any c Marmion* of 
Scrivelsby was ever summoned to Parliament,'' though of 
course it is possible, but not, I think, likely, that such 
evidence may some day be produced. 

W. O. M. 

87. An Old Account of Sedgebrook (Vol. IV,, p. 90). — 
In Dickinson's History of Newark^ a very full account of the 
transfer of the Sedgebrook estate from the Markham ^mily to 
Dr. Bernard Wikon is given, and the transaction seems to 
have been highly discreditable to the Divine, who apparently 
acquired an undue influence over Sir George Markham, whose 
intclleft was weak. The Chancery Suit between Dr. Wilson 
and Sir George's heirs would no doubt throw a good deal of 
light on the subjedl, but I am only concerned to show how 
Dr. Wibon was related to the Cracroft family, to whom the 
Markham estates eventually came. 

Dr. Bernard Wilson, the Vicar of Newark, was the son of 
Bernard Wilson, a tradesman of that town. His sister Mary 
Wilson married at the age of 21 Edward Waldegrave, of 
Louth, mercer, aged 23. Mar. lie. dated 8 Feb., 1718. 
They had issue a daughter Rebecca, whose marriage bond 
with Robert Cracroft, of Louth, Esq., is dated 5 June, 1746 : 
he being a widower, aged 30, and she a spinster, aged 23. 
Their eldest son was Robert Wilson Cracroft, born in 1747, 
who, at the death of his maternal great-uncle, succeeded to 
the Markham estates. Dr. Bernard Wilson died 30 April, 
1772, and although he married a Miss Elizabeth Bradford he 
left no issue. He made his niece's son, Robert Wilson 
Cracroft, his heir. 

This young man had succeeded his father, Robert Cracroft, 
in 1763, in the family estates at Hackthorn and Cold 
Hanworth. By the death of Dr. Wilson he succeeded to an 
immense estate ia land and money. The Markham property 
comprised, besides Sedgebrook, an estate in the Vale of 
Evesham, Co. Worcester, the lordship and manor of West 


156 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Keal, and some valuable house property in London. In a few 
years Robert Wilson Cracroft contrived to dissipate all this 
rich inheritance with the exception of West Keal. Fortunately 
he died suddenly, unmarried, when the remains of the property 
devolved on his next brother, John Cracroft, born in 1748, 
from whom the present family of Cracroft derives its descent. 

A. R. Maddison. 


IV., p. 87).- 

(i). In the 15 Henry III. a charter was granted for 
holding a second Fair, to commence on the Eve 
of the Feast of St. Lawrence, and continue 
seven days : St. Lawrence Street probably had 
reference to this Fair. 

(2). The Manor and Soke were leased in the i8th cent, 
by the Bishop of Carlisle to the ancestor of Sir 
Joseph Banks, of Revesby ; probably the 
Re£lorship was included in the lease. See 
White's Lincolnshire^ 1865, p. 757. 

13, ^een %/fnnes Gate^ S.W. A. E. Welby. 

89. Mablethorpe, Malberthorpe, Lings. (Vol. IV., 
p. 147). — A few jottings, casually made, respeding the 
Mablethorps of Mablethorp, may be of some slight service in 
tracing the early descent of that family. 

Late in the twelfth century, Peter ae Falkenberge conceded 
to his uncle Hugh, the son of Symon, the service of William 
de Mauburthorph issuing from land which was held in 
Mauburthorph, for the annual rental of a mark paid to the 
Priory of Bulingtan ; the witnesses to the deed being — Ric. 
Abbot of Wellebec, Phil de Kyme, Hug. de Bolebec, Otuer dc 
Insula, Will, de Welles, Sim. de Bruntoft, And. de Falkenberge, 
and others {Hurley Charters^ Vol. i, 49I 16). 

On Nov. 22nd, 131 7, Philip de Kyme, Walter de fFreskeneye, 
and Robert de Malberthorp, or two of them, were appointed 
by a writ of the King to a<ft officially in the parts of Lyndesey, 
Co. Lincoln. In 1324, the names of Robert de Malberthorp 
and Walter de Friskeney, knights, justiciariis of the lord the 
King, are placed at the head of a list of the Knights of 
Lyndesey ( Parliamentary Writs^ (sfc) 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 157 

In the pleadings before the lord the King at Westminster, 
during Michaelmas term, 18 Edward II., 1324, two Scripts 
were produced, namely — A release of Thomas, the son of Sir 
William de Somercotes, knight, made to Alan Helwys and his 
heirs, of total right in all the lands, etc., which Alan held in 
Salfletby by the gift of Robert de Malberthorp, knight, and of 
the said Thomas — A release of the aforesaids Thomas of his 
whole right in the same premises made to Sir Robert de 
Malberthorp (Jbb. Tlacitorum). 

Amongst the notes taken at the Visitation of the County of 
Lincoln, in 1592, by Richard Lee, Clarencieux King of Arms, 
are some sketches of escutcheons then in the church at Maltby, 
near Mablethorp. One of these coats shows Mablethorp 
displayed singly as — Gules, a chevron between three crosses- 
crosslet Or, in chief a lion passant Argent ; another Fitzwilliam, 
of Mablethorp, impaling Mablethorp. The latter coat, no 
doubt, referred to the marriage of Thomas Fitzwilliam with 
Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Thomas Mablethorp, concerning 
which alliance an allusion is made in Lines, N. 6f j^.. Vol. 
III., p. 124. W. Morton. 

98, Oxford Gardens^ London^ W. 

90. GocHE OF Alvingham (Vol. IV., p. 109). — In 
illustration of Mr. Morton's note on the above family, I can 
give the following abstradt of a will. 

"29 Oft., 1624. Barnabe Goche of Excester, D.C.L. 
Leaves to John, Matthew, Jeffrey, and Anne, children of his 
brother, Matthew Goche, 20// apiece. To Barnabe and Anne, 
children of his brother Thomas Goche, 50// apiece. Leaves 
an annuity of 24// to the Masters and Fellows of Magdalene 
Coll., Camb., out of lands in Grimoldby, Alvingham, and 
Somercotes. He requires Barnabe Goche, son of Matthew 
Goche, to be * loving and dutiful.' To his son-in-law, George 
Parrie, his law books. Mentions his nephew Vero; his 
nephew William Goche ; his brother Henro Goche j limits 
his bequests to the descendants of his grandfather Robert 
Goche, Esq. Mentions land lately purchased in Cockerington 
of Nicholaa Sugar, clerk. Makes his wife Elizabeth Goche 

29 0£t., 1624. A codicil. He has bestowed in marriage 
on his nephew Barnaby, son of his late brother Matthew 


158 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Goche, his daughter-in-law Pascha Parrie, daughter of the late 
Bp. of Worcester, Henry Parrie ; he makes provision for her 
out of lands in Alvingham and Conisholm in case of a 

Will proved at Lincoln, Aug., 1626. 

I am able also to supplement Mr. Morton's information 
respedling Alvingham Abbey. I cannot, indeed, give the 
precise date of its transfer from the Goche family, but I can 
show good reason for thinking that it was sold soon after 1657. 

To the will of Sir Ralph Maddison, Knt., of Fonaby, near 
Caistor, dated 7 Sept., 1648, there is a codicil, dated 26 Dec, 
1653^ in which he says that his estate having increased, he 
gives £14-00 in trust to William Ellis, of Gray's Inn, and 
Henry WagstafFe, of London, merchant, to purchase lands 
with the advice of his son Humphrey Maddison, and to settle 
them on Humphrey for life, with remainder in tail male 
to Benjamin, Edward, Nathaniel, and Ralph Maddison, 
Humphrey's sons. The will was proved 19 0<3., 1657. 
Humphrey Maddison was Sir Ralph's 3rd son by birtk though 
the 2nd surviving. The eldest son, Edward Maddison, 
inherited on Sir Ralph's death the old entailed estates at 
Fonaby, Grimblethorpe, etc. The estates purchased by Sir 
Ralph during his long life (he was married in 1594) he settled 
on his son Humphrey and his eldest son Ralph by his ist wife; 
with remainder to Humphrey's sons by his 2nd wife. 

Alvingham does not occur in the long list of estates entailed 
by Sir Ralph in a deed dated 1656, and therefore it was most 
probably purchased by the ^^1400 set apart in his will, as a 
provision for the vounger sons. 

Humphry Maddison lived at Coningsby during the lifetime 
of his father. His marriage licence to marry Cornelia Trycc, 
widow, of Kirkby-on-Bain, is dated 26 Oct., 1625. Their 
eldest son Ralph, from whom descend the Maddisons of 
Partney, was bapt. there, 8 Oct., 1626. 

Cornelia Maddison was buried there, 22 Sept., 1638. She 
was the daughter of John Duport, D.D., Master of Jesus 
Coll., Camb., and married 1st Robert Tryce, of Godman- 
chester, Reftor of Kirkby-on-Bain, and Prebendary in Lincoln 
Cathedral. He died in 1 624. 

Humphrey Maddison married 2ndly Helen, sister of Henry 
WagstafFe, of Hasland, in Co. Derby. His eldest son by her, 
Benjamin, was bapt. at Coningsby, 20 July, 1643; another 
son Edward, 9 Od., 1645 ; Nathaniel's baptism is not at 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 159 

Coninesby, but, from his matriculation entry at Oriel Coll., 
Oxford, we learn that be was 17 in 1666. 

Benjamin and Edward both died in the lifetime of their 
fiaither unmarried. 

After Sir Ralph's death in 1657, ^^ ^^^ Humphrey 
Maddison seated at Alvingham. On a flat stone within the 
rails on the south side of the church is this inscription : 

" Here lieth the body of Humphry Maddison, late of 
Alvingham Abbey, Gentleman, deceased, third son of Sir 
Ralph Maddison, of Fonaby, in the County of Lincoln, 
Knight ; who departed this hfe January the 19th, 1671, aged 
70 years. Also Nathaniel, son of the said Humphrey, who 
died Oftober, 1709. Also Nathaniel, grandson of the above 
Nathaniel; he died April 25th, 1737, in the 26th year of 
his age." 

His second wife, Helen, had died before him, and he had 
married a third, Elizabeth Ayscough, by whom he had a son, 
Christopher, bapt. at Alvingham, 6 Oft., 1670. 

He was succeeded by his son, Nathaniel Maddison, who 
matriculated at Oriel Coll., Oxford, 26 July, 1666, ag^ 17, 
and was entered at Gray's Inn 22 Oft., 1668, as, "son of 
Humphrey Maddison of Alvingham Abbey, Co. Lincoln. 

He succeeded his father in 1671, and married four wives. 
The first I only know as Mary, by whom he had a son, 
Edward, born and died 1680. 

His second was Eleanor, dau. of John Nelthorpe, of Little 
Grimsby — the mar. lie. dated 19 Feb., 1682 — by whom he 
had, with others, a son John, bapt. at Alvingham 6 Sept., 
1687, who succeeded him. 

His second wife, Eleanor, was buried at Alvingham, 22 
July, 1693, and he married Katherine More for his third wife, 
who was buried at Alvingham, 23 July, 1703. Fourthly, he 
married a wife called Margaret, who survived him. By his 
will, dated 22 Oft., 1709, he left his daughter Eleanor land 
in Alvingham, and his daughters Theodosia and Joan land in 

His son by Eleanor Nelthorpe, John Maddison, of Alvingham, 
married at Manby, 13 March, 1710, Ann, dau. and co-heir of 
Robert Yarborough, of Cockerington S. Mary, yeoman. 

Their son Nathaniel was bapt. 11 Feb., 171 1, and died 
25 April, 1737. Their son John was baptized at Covenham 
.25 Oft., 1 7 18. He succeeded his father, who was buried at 
Alvingham 27 Dec, 1749. 


i6o Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

John Maddison was of Gainsborough^ where he acquired a 
large fortune as a merchant. He married Elizabeth, dau. of 
Griffith Nelthorpe, of Little Grimsby, lo May, 1768, who 
was buried at Alvingham 23 July, 1801, aged 53. He was 
buried there 13 July, 1785, ana left issue, John Maddison, 
who married at Alford 25 March, 1795, Elizabeth, dau. of 
John Andrews, of the family of the Andrews of Osgodby. 
Their eldest son, John Maddison, was bapt. at Louth 25 
March, 1802. Their second, Richard Thomas Maddison, 
bapt. 10 0£t., 1 814, took the name of Combe, and was of 
Earnshill in Somersetshire. He married Elizabeth Delicia, 
dau. of Sir John Michel, Knt., and left issue. 

The second son of John Maddison and Elizabeth Nelthorpe, 
the Rev. George Maddison, was the father of the present 
Venerable George Maddison, late Re£tor of Richards Castle, 
Co. Hereford, and Archdeacon of Ludlow ; formerly Vicar of 

I cannot say when Alvingham Abbey passed out of the 
family, but I believe it did so in the early part of this century. 
I thinic I have shown the strong probability of its having been 
purchased from the Goche family by Humphrey Maddison. 

A. R. Maddisok. 

91. Reredos at Lincoln (Vol. IV., p. 97). — With 
reference to the Reredos formerly in St. Katherine's Priory, 
the following may be of interest. 

Will of Johis Kudd de Quadring, Co. Line. Dated i June, 
1 5 15. Proved at Lambeth 5 Sep., 15 15, by Henry Roberd, 
one of the exors. fPCC Holder, 10]. 

^' Itm lego pupiUis et Orphanis domus Ste Katherine extra 
muros Lincoln xii*." 

The will gives the pedigree as below. I cannot conned it 
with the family of Rudd of Winterton, as given in the Line, 
FisLy 1562. 

W. H. Smith. 

Thomas Rudd^^: 

John Rudd of Quadring^Alioe 
will dat. I I une, 1515. Pro. 
at LambetL 5 Sep., 151 5. 
[PCC. Holder, 10.] 

Thomas Hugh Marion Agnes 



Notes & Queries. 


HE Tympanum at Haltham. — The 
Church of Haltham is situate 5 miles 
from Horncastle and about the same 
distance Fi'om Woodhall Spa, and is a 
most interesting building, for besides its 
Norman, or possibly Saxon, Tympanum, 
of which an illustration is given, it has a 
most curious Royal Arms of Charles 1. on 
the partition between the belfry and west end of nave; while 
east of the priest's door, in the south wall of the chancel, are 
two low side windows. A little further east is a large square- 
headed decorated window, with a seat below it, as at Billinghay 
across the river Witham, except that at Haltham the lower 
part of the east jamb of the window ends in an »5hgonaI 
pillar, which helps to support the canopy of a piscina. 

An imposing Squire's pew, doubtless many years ago made 
from an ancient screen, runs along part of the north and east 
walls of the north aisle, while the elegant Perpendicular font 
and Decorated east window add beauty to this interesting 

Vol. 4. — No. 30. April, l Before 

1 62 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Before giving a minute description of the figures on the 
Haltham Tympanum, I may mention that Norman doorways 
and fonts have often been preserved when the rest of the 
contemporary church has disappeared, probably because they 
were the most ornamental. 

Durandus, a writer of the XIII. century, says, "The door 
of a church (symbolizes) is Christ: according to that saying in 
the Gospel 'I am the door'." Thus a cross of some form is 
usually placed, as at Haltham, in some conspicuous position 
on the Tympanum, or semicircular stone, under the arch and 
over the door of Norman churches; and even the strange 
monsters which sometimes appear in such places may refer 
to Christ, since the Agnus dei, though the most obyious 
emblem of Christ, is not by any means the only one taken 
from animals. 

As regards the Maltese Cross and the Fylfot, which appear 
inscribed in circles on the Haltham Tympanum, Allen* says: 
"One of the oldest forms of cross is that known as the Maltese 
within a circle. There are four examples of rude pillar-stones 
on which this type of cross occurs, three in the county of 
Kerry in Ireland, and one in Pembrokeshire, South Wales, all 
with Ogham inscriptions. Perhaps the most remarkable is 
that at Aglish, in the county of Kerry, which has in addition 
to a Maltese cross within a circle two small Buddhist crosses, 
or Swasticas, on each side of an equilateral triangle. The 
Swastica, although originally a pagan symbol found on early 
Greek coins and pottery and on the feet of Buddha, was 
adopted at an early period by christians, and is to be seen on 
the paintings of Diogenes Fossor and the Good Shepherd, of 
the fourth century, in the Catacombs of Rome. It is found 

on the Newton stone in Aberdeenshire In later 

times the Swastica appears chiefly on ecclesiastical vestments, 
sepulchral brasses, and church bells ^f but it was never a 
common christian symbol. The Maltese Cross took the place 
of the Px monogram, and survived in the crosses used for 
dedicating churches, as at Jarrow, and it was also placed over 
doorways in Syria in the sixth century. 

As regards the cross within a square, Allen says of various 
kinds on slabs at Clonmacnois (on the bank of the Shannon, 

* Ckrittiwt SymhoGsm m Great Britain ami JrdaruL, by J. Romilly Allen, 1 887, p. 95. 
^ In Lincolnshire — Bishop's Norton, Waddington, and West Barkwith. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 163 

Ireland) : ^The idea is that of a cross within a square border* 
and may have been suggested by the covers of the books of the 
Gospels." The date of these slabs is 786 to 926. 

A similar figure to that twice repeated at Haltham, of a 
cross within a square, occurs on the font of Toftrees church, 
Norfolk ; and Gibson's Camdeffs Britannia of 1695 gives two 
charms on coins, with a similar figure on one side, and on the 
other an image of Thor, with his hammer, and a runic 
inscription to the effect that, it is " the face of God Thor." 

Description of Figures on Tympanum. 

Within a Perpendicular porch, and beneath a semicircular 
arch, with bold roll moulding, is a Norman, or possibly Saxon, 
Tympanum over the south doorway, which resembles the 
doorway at Monkwear mouth, Durham, ^^ in having no pillar 
capitals or other architectural features as are seen in later 
work."t The Tympanum is 4ft. 3in. long by 2ft. high, and 
is S^in. thick. 

In the centre is a Maltese Cross within a circle, and a small 
circle appears between the limbs of the cross. West of this is 
an eight-petaled flower within a circle, which touches the great 
central circle, while its stem, with two thorns at the top, 
touches the west side of Tympanum. Below this is a small 
round object, with an oblong on each side of it, and below 
them, to the east, is an oval figure like a buckle, while below 
them, to the west, is a square, having three-quarter circles at 
its corners, and semicircles in the middle of its sides, which 
form the extremities of the limbs of (an heraldically voided) 
cross, and between the limbs and the sides of the square are 
roundels. Below this figure is a curious lobated objedi,:^ with 
what may be a fish placed perpendicularly on it. 

East of the central circle containing the Maltese Cross are 
four rows of inverted triangles — five in each of the three upper 
rows and four in the lowest \ below them, within a circle, is 
a curious figure, made up of twelve unequal curved lines, 
arranged in four groups of threes, forming a Triple Fylfot, or 

* Allen's Ckrittian SjftnhoSm^ p. i lo. 

f Allen's CAriitioM SymMism^ p. 224. 

{An exz€t\y similar object occurs, together with a tree of life, wheel, swastica, 
and earliest kind of Trisula, on the oldest coins of India. See Migration of Spitbolim^ 
by Count O. D'Alviella, p. 41. 


164 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Swastica. Touching the east side of this circle is another, 
which cuts into the border of the base of the Tympanum, at 
its eastern corner, containing a cross within a square, similar 
to that on the west side. 

J. A. Penny. 

93. A County Museum for Lincolnshire. — At different 
periods for many years past there has been some talk of 
building, forming, and endowing a County Museum for 
Lincolnshire ; and now that the Technical Education 
Committees of Lindsey, Kesteven, and Holland are in full 
working order, it would be the greatest pity if such a proposal 
were not taken up as it deserves to be within the county in 
connexion with their future designs. But before we can see 
how far we are at present from realising what we want, and 
how we may best obtain it, we ought to ask ourselves — "What 
do we mean by a County Museum? What is the good 

A complete Museum would be a coUedlion of all the 
material objedis which could be sele<^ed to illustrate the distrid 
to be represented, in our case Lincolnshire, so arranged and 
described that their interpretation might be as full of instru£Hon 
and as easy as possible both to the student and the mere sight- 
seer. Now this is a sufficiently comprehensive scheme, but if 
it is examined under its various heads it will not be found to 
include more than we really want. For, first of all, the 
county should be illustrated and described geographically and 
geologically, by maps, models of river-basins, se<^ions of strata, 
occ. Its soils and subsoils, its rocks and minerals, must be 
sampled, classified, and explained, not only with the theoretical 
and scientific insight of the geologist, but from the practical 
and technical point of view of the farmer and the mason. An 
honorary committee under the chairmanship of Mr. F. M. 
Burton, F.L.S., F.G.S., of Gainsborough, could do this. 
Secondly, vertebrate zoology would follow, comprising the native 
animals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes, accounted for in 
the same exhaustive way, not only as pi<^orialobje£is of natural 
history for the museum cases, which is very important, but also 
according as they are useful or harmful to man. The huge deep- 
sea fishing industry of Great Grimsby would not be forgotten 
here. Mr. John Cordeaux, M.B.O.U., of Great Coates, and a 
strong committee, would be responsible for this se£Hon. Thirdly, 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 165 

Entomology comes, comprising the inse£b proper, with the 
spiders, centipedes, crabs, woodlice, &c., under the masterly 
supervision of the Rev. Canon W. W. Fowler, M.A., F.L.S., 
F.E.S. Fourthly, Conchology, including not only the mollusca, 
but all the lower forms of life, terrestrial and marine, under the 
care of the Rev. C. W. Whistler, M.R.C.S., and Mr. F. W. 
Fierke, M.C.S. Fifthly, botany, all plant life, terrestrial 
and marine, would be undertaken by our best exponent — the 
Rev. W. Fowler, M. A. Then lastly, but not least by any means, 
we must be told the old, old story of man's work in the 
county, from the time when he hunted and fought with stone 
weapons on the wold and clifF, on through the Roman, Anglo- 
Saxon, Danish, and Mediaeval periods, till he finds himself in 
the nineteenth century, smelting iron and casting steel at 
Scunthorpe, or manufa£turing steam ploughs and locomotive 
threshing machines, with all other agricultural appliances, in 
Lincoln, Gainsborough, and Grantham. Viewing our 
archaeological colledtions in this light, we shall avoid that 
common and most &tal error of supposing that antiquities 
are valuable just because they are old and out of date. Their 
whole value really consists in this, that they are the 
handiwork of men like ourselves, facing the same problems 
of construi^ion and adaptation of means to ends, only 
under conditions which we can no longer fully realise, and of 
which these objefh are perhaps the only remaining evidences. 
A strong committee of Antiquaries, including a selection of 
our F.S.A., and the Rev. J. C. Hudson, Mr. E. M. Sympson, 
M.A., M.B., M.R.C.S., the Rev. J. T. Fowler, D.C.L., 
and Mr. A. Gibbons, F.S.A., should look after this sedtion. 
This department, too, should contain a library formed to 
illustrate the history, topography, and natural history of the 
county. It should have a perfect coUedtion of the works of 
Lincolnshire men — its artists, poets, philosophers, religious 
teachers, &c. ; with pictures, drawings, prints, and photographs 
— everything that can live and speak, and teach. 

A Curator of the widest culture and sympathies must be 
found, who, for a moderate but sufficient salary, will throw his 
whole heart and soul into colle£ling, sorting, and cataloguing 
the materials to be obtained in the county, and to getting them, 
if possible, into the Museum. For this purpose he should be a 
member of all the honorary committees and work harmoniously 
with each of them to forward the common objedt — the form- 
ation of a perfect public collection. If possible, he should also 


1 66 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

have an intimate personal knowledge of the county and all its 
original workers. 

In all committee meetings the two-fold objedt of the 
coUedtions in the Museum must be kept in view as far as 
possible. Most of them will be only for the use of the 
research student in the department to which they belong. 
They must be as thoroughly representative as possible, but they 
must also be limited to a stridly local county range, and need 
not be exhibited at all if space is very limited. What the 
general public needs, on the other hand, is a much wider series 
of verv carefuUy-sele&ed specimens, amply spaced, thoughtfully 
and pidtorially arranged, and fully described, so as to give a 
thorough grounding in the general principles of the branches 
of science, art, or handicraft, which they represent, and yet at 
the same time suggesting ^^ the more " that lies beyond the 

The Museum, therefore, must have two main obje<% : — 
First, of supplying the fullest local information possible in 
certain subjedis, for the benefit of advanced students and 
original investigators \ and, secondly, of answering the intelli- 
gent questions of the ordinary inquirer, by exhibiting in 
carefully-sele&cd series just what is worth while for him to 
know m each department of knowledge, and incidentally 
increasing his thirst for further information. 

With the second of these objefh another department of 
education is closely connected, which makes a Museum, 
especially in the provinces, almost a necessity in these days. 
For it is next to impossible to give a le£lure in any department 
of technical education without at least diagrams, pidlures, 
photographs, or lantern slides to illustrate the subjedt. In 
many cases a<^ual specimens and models must be provided and 
are always most efFedtive if they can be obtained. If^ then, 
technical courses of ledhires are to become at all widely 
extended in the county, as years go on a store of these 
accessories will very soon accumulate, and a depot will be 
wanted where they may be safely kept and from which they 
may be easily distributed. Now this series of ledlure 
illustrations will coincide in every department pra<^ically and 
in some cases almost wholly with the ^' educational series " of 
a Museum. Why, then, should not the two be combined so as 
to make the Museum in its educational aspedt a definite 
instrument of instrudtion in the hands of the Technical 
Education Committees in the county, and the demand for it 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 67 

the demand for a part of the necessary plant for our Technical 
Education schemes ? 

Such, then, is the Lincolnshire County Museum in theory : — 
An organised storehouse of local history in each department of 
knowledge as it aiFedis our county, available not only for 
research, but for educational purposes as well : quickened by 
the broad guiding intelligence of a carefuUy-seledted body of 
Trustees, the Technical Education Committees of our County 
Councils, and honorary special committees, and permanently 
and adequately maintained as the centre of scientific and 
technical study in the county. How far is this possible wholly 
or in part in Lincolnshire ? 

First, let us review the materials which are likely to be 
forthcoming, and which will determine, if not the whole plan 
of the institution, at all events the part of it which is to be 
first attempted. 

A Lincolnshire Naturalists' Union has been formed to 
work the whole county as far as possible A'om the scientific 
side, with a view to gathering public colledions of specimens 
in each department for a County Museum ; while Messrs. 
Fowler, Burton, Cordeaux, Fieldsend, and other gentlemen 
have promised the loan, and later perhaps the gift, of specimens, 
as soon as a safe resting place can be guaranteed to them. 
They have also promised to give their time and practical 
advice in committees in their special departments. No doubt 
other contributors will come forward as soon as the idea of a 
large public colle<Stion is fully grasped by the mind of the 
county. I have reason for believing this A-om my personal 
experience in bringing together a public county Herbarium. 
As soon as the hSt became generally known, through the 
newspapers, that specimens were required, they came in from 
all sides, and an almost perfedt collection is the result, arranged 
and cased up for the museum. That the antiquaries of the 
county would help, there can be no doubt ; and the clergy, 
lawyers, do£lors, and schoolmasters — the learned classes, in a 
word — would all add their quota, small no doubt in the 
individual case, but large in the aggregate, provided, of course, 
that the Curator kept in touch with the individuals interested in 
the different departments of knowledge. But in respect of all 
contributions, at starting, or later on, the trustees or managing 
committee and the Curator of the museum ought to have the 
widest power of dealing with them exadUy as the real interests 
of the institution demand. If, for example, a rare foreign 


1 68 Lincomshire Notes & S^eries. 

shell or plant be sent, or a war-club from South America, 
which has no local interest or associations, or does not teach 
anything which is useful for those who use the Museum to 
know, there must be freedom either to refuse the gift without 
causing offence, or to exchange it, as occasion serves, for 
something which is really wanted to make the coUeSion more 
perfect within its self-imposed limits ; otherwise the best- 
planned Museum sinks into the crowded and unintelligible 
state which one knows so well. 

The locality for the Museum is ready at hand if the County 
Committee will take up the idea. On the sight of the old 
Castle Prison, and from much of its materials a Museum could 
easily be constructed, leaving the present courts in front of it, 
or rebuilding them in the new block, as might be considered 
best. No position in the whole county could compare with 

The question of expense is the important practical question. 
A Museum is undoubtedly a costly institution, both to establish 
and to maintain ; but a cheap building or cheap furniture 
means perpetual outlay in makeshifts, with incalculable waste 
of energy ; while the work which a good Museum could do for 
the county is well worth the money spent upon it. Mr, John 
L. Myers, an authority on this question, and to whom the 
writer is much indebted for many of the ideas contained in this 
letter, says : — " After comparing estimates for similar under- 
takings, I suppose that £1,500 is the least which would 
provide a trunk building, capable of extension afterwards, and 
^500 for furniture, besides the expenses of bringing together 
and first arranging the collections.'' I fear this estimate is 
rather below the mark for Lincolnshire. 

Is it too much to hope that one of our rich landowners or 
manufacturers will come forward with the gift of a Museum to 
the county, and that others will provide for its endowment ? 
To spend anything in building without providing funds to keep 
it up would be a sheer waste of money and specimens ; for 
natural history exhibits must be kept perfedUy dry and be 
constantly supervised by a Curator to remain intact. 

With economy, ^50 could be made to cover the necessary 
annual expenses of a small Museum, such as fabric repairs, 
cleaning, heating, and outlay for carriage and the preparation 
of new acquisitions. But if any educational work were to be 
carried on in connection with the Museum, this sum must be 
doubled or trebled as the Technical Education Committees 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 169 

of the county see their way to do it. But, as Professor 
Flower insisted in The Times of September 2nd, 1894, the 
administration of a Museum is the most important fact of all 
after its endowment. A mere care-taker would not want high 
wages ; but a Curator of such a Museum must be a man of 
wide sympathies and knowledge, a methodical co-ordinator of 
&cts, who possesses no small organising ability and love for his 
work. He should have his residence under the same roof as 
the Museum, for he will have to give his time wholly to the 
work of the institution, its correspondence, and to keeping the 
various catalogues and registers up to date, and especially to 
keeping in touch with all the original workers in every branch 
of thought in the county, and to bringing them together for 
the furthering of mutual objects. For such services, if they 
were zealously performed — say as the late John HancocK 
worked for the Newcastle Museum of Natural History — the 
Curator would deserve a salary of ^^300 and the help of an 
assistant curator, who should be a professional taxidermist. 

Research-collecting, or adding to the store of known 
specimens and facts, would be the chief duty of the Curator, 
after maintaining, with the help of his subordinate, what had 
already been brought together in a proper state of order and 
efficiency ; for to justify its existence the Museum will have to 
respect the needs of the few who know and only ask for 
further and deeper knowledge and for the means of satisfying 
their cravings, as well as of the many who desire to begin to 
learn and who can be easily referred to the proper text-books 
and specimens required. 

It would be much more satisfactory to provide the whole 
maintenance of the Museum and its staff out of an Endow- 
ment Fund, vested in Trustees, than to be partly supported by 
annual subscriptions and revocable grants ftom public bodies, 
so that the research colle£Hons and colle<^ing might be 
independent of any grants for technical instruction purposes. 

What has already been done ? 

A Museum Committee has been appointed by the Lincoln/ 
shire Naturalists' Union, consisting of Messrs. Burton, W. W . 
Fowler, Cordeaux, W. Fowler, and the writer, with power to 
add to their number gentlemen interested in the history, 
antiquities, and modern educational questions, &c., of Lincoln- 
shire. The County Committee have already lent the Union 
the use of a suite of Rooms in the Castle Gateway, free of 
rent, to store and exhibit specimens in as the Society may 



170 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

think wise. Mr. Fieldsend has kindly consented to act as 
honorary Curator and taxidermist for the time being, and all 
specimens of value, in the flesh, may be sent direct to him to 
be set up free of cost to the sender, for the Museum. 

To carry out a Museum scheme fully and substantially as 
outlined here, a capital of ^^25,000 would be required — ^5,000 
for the building and appliances, and ^^20,000 for the Endow- 
ment Fund. It can never be done unless we all pull together 
and help as we have the means. A Museum Fund account 
has been opened with Messrs. Smith, Ellison, & Co., of the 
Lincoln Bank, and all persons interested in the intelligent 
observation of any class of fa £b in science or history, as they 
refledi on Lincolnshire, or in the spread of education amongst 
us, are asked to subscribe in order to help on the work that is 
now being done, and that which we hope will follow. 

Subscriptions may be sent, and the promise of any loan or 
gift of specimens may be made dired to the honorary Secretary 
and Treasurer of tne Union, who will be most happy to 
answer enquiries. 

E. Adrian Woodruff e-Pe acock. 
Cadney Ficarage^ ^rigg. 

94. Lincolnshire Place Names. — In a survey of the 
Lordship and Manor of Hackthorn made in 1722 by 
Matthew Thorndike, surveyor, from which, by the kindness 
of Mr. Cracroft, I have been permitted to make extradis, I 
have found a large number of place-names, which will be 
worth the consideration of those who are interested in such 

What is especially interesting is the hSt that some of the 
names are to be found in a deed relating to a gift of land to 
the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln in the 13th century, and 
that some of these names survive to the present day. This, 
at least, is a remarkable instance of the tenacity of local 

Roughly speaking, the parish of Hackthorn in 1722 was 
divided into two great fields, the North and the South field. 
These again were subdivided into furlongs and closes \ the 
furlongs each having a distinctive name and being arable, 
while the closes seem to have been grass, either meadow or 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 171 

I have transcribed the following index of the furlongs and 

" The two fields of Hackthorn beginning with the North 

The furlong called Crauthorne. 

,, Cladales. 

yj Risehill. 

„ BurfilL 

„ Townend, 

„ North Gretas. 

,, Spring head. 

„ Cliff hole. 

„ Cliff" furlong. 

,, Nordales. 

„ WooUane. 

„ North town side furlong. 

„ Upper green gates. 

„ Chiswell gate. 

yy Lower green gates. 

„ Watermoresyke. 

,, Dovecoat dale. 

,, Haverlands. 

,, Greenhill. 

„ Polpils. 

The west part of the Hing furlong. 

M east „ n n r» 1 

The exa<% quantity of arable land which belongs to Roger s 
farm in the North Field of Hackthorn is 90 acres. 
The number of acres to his farm in the South field. 
In his furlong called Long furlong. 

,, Lincoln dale. 

„ West Gretas. 

yy Studdy holes. 

„ East Gretas. 

„ South Townside furlong. 

,, Stanna furlong. 

„ Upper Tween gates. 

^ Leesdales. 

„ Lower Tween gates. 

„ Honey hole. 

„ Stannal syke. 

„ Long Welton hill. 


172 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

In his furlong called Daw furlong. 
,, Short Maukins. 

„ Long Maukins. 

„ Wheat landleys. 

„ Rutton. 

The exa£l quantity of land to Rogers' hrm in South Field 
is 127a. ir. i8p. 

The Close called Great Pickwell. 
„ Little „ 

A plot of meadow ground called the Ashing, consisting of 
60 acres. 

Another called the Harding of 232 acres. 

The furlong Rutton lies between the Ashing and the 

In the deed already referred to, Adam son of Remigius 
Wodecoc of Hackthorn, conveys certain bovates and selions of 
land in Hackthorn to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln. 

The abutments give various place names, and among them 
I find, " Welletunhil," which in 1722 is " Welton hill"; 
" Vallis Lincoln" in the 13th century is '* Lincoln Dale" in 
the iSthj "Retton" becomes "Rutton"; "Ryssehill" 
retains its name in 1722 as "Risehill." I imagine what was 
" Burchil" in the 13th century is the furlong called "Burfill " 
in the i8th. 

At the present day a stone pit in Hackthorn is called the 
"Grotas pit," which I believe to be nothing more than what is 
called "Gretas" in 1722. The name "Maukins" or 
" Mawkins " yet survives in " Mawkins Lane." 

A. R. Maddison. 

95. Testa de Neville, — ^The question of the date of 
Testa de Neville appears to me to be well worth raising. 

The statement in the preface,* that it is compiled from 
Inquisitions, temp. Hen. III. and Ed. I., or perhaps at the end 
of fed. II.'s reign, may be true, but is certainly too vague to 
be satisfying. I have tried to arrive at something more 
definite by comparing one part with another, and with the few 
reliable books within my reach. My results I have decided to 
ask the Editors of Li?ics. N. &f ^ to insert, after much 
hesitation, for I am conscious that they are the work of one 

* To Vol. of Record Commission, Lend., 1 8 07, folio. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 173 

who is not only a novice but also debarred from access to 
original authorities: but the best plea I can oiFer is, that my 
remarks may induce someone better qualified for the task to 
take it in hand and correct some of the mistakes I may have 
fallen into. In the hope that thus I may be of service to 
others who have been in the same doubt, I offer myself to the 
lash of those whose anger will be roused, if my shots are 
altogether too wild. 

In order not to provoke this anger at the outset, I will 
begin with a statement which cannot be controverted, and a 
practical suggestion, which I hope may be adopted. The 
statement : That, so fit as our county is concerned, the Index 
of Personal Names is nearly useless, the compiler of the 
Index being evidently tired of his task before he got to Lincoln- 
shire, so that there are comparatively few references in the 
case of names which have occurred in earlier counties. The 
suggestion : That four or five volunteers will join me in 
making a complete Index, which perhaps the Editors would 
kindly publish as a supplement to this Magazine. As I have 
praSically had to make my own index for the purposes of this 
research, my references naturally relate to the distriS in which 
I have a more immediate interest. 

A very little inspe£lion will convince anvone that the returns 
for the different counties vary considerably in date. This is 
true even in the case of the entries specifically entitled De 
Testa de Nevill^ about which at first sight the Preface seems to 
be more precise. For instance, we have entries (i) "de dono 
dni Reg' J" on p. 22A, Nott & Derb', and (2) "de dono Regis 
Edwardi" on p. 43^, Wigorn', which prove that these several 
parts were at any rate not anterior to those reigns respeSively ; 
but on p. 377A (Ebor) the return is made, "Excellentissimo 
dno suo H. dei gra Cantuar archie^o," by Ro^s de Badvet 
vie Ebor', among others. Now the only H. Archbishop of 
Canterbury between the Conquest and A.D. 141 4. was Hubert 
Fita&- Walter, 1193-1205 (Hook's Lives of Archbps.^\o\,ll.^ 
p. 599} who was also Justiciar; and in the list of Viscounts of 
York given in Drake's History of TorJ( (Vol. III., p. 8) is 
"Ro^ de Baluent (evidently the same, though there is a 
misprint of one letter) Viscount from 1195 to 1200, so that 
the return must have been made between these two dates. 
Evidently, therefore, each county must be considered by itself 
with respefl to dates, except for side-lights which may be 
thrown on it by comparison with others. 


174 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

The portion relating to Lincolnshire may conveniently be 
divided into eighteen heads, which for the sake of reference I 
have marked A, B, &c., as in some cases a single page 
includes parts of even three classes. 

A. pp. 301 -pt. 312. Feoda. 

B. pp. pt. 312-pt. 328. Inquisitiones de Scuta£. 

C. pt. 328. Inquit de Serjantiisy &ff. 

D. pt. 328-pt. 332. Inquis^ de Scuta/. 

E. pt. 332 and pt. 333. Scutag^ dni Reg^ i^c. 
From the following entries it will be seen that 

A, B, D, and E refer to the same period. 

A, p. 31 la. Simo de Kyme tenet di ' feod' in Sotteby de 

dno Reg. in capite. 

B, p. 33 1 ^> Simo' de Kyme tenet in eadem (Sotteby) 

feod' di' milit' de dno R. in cap'. 
E, p. 333^. De Simon' de Kyme xx". de dio feodo in 


Similarly on pp. 31 ihj 316^, and 333^ we have praSically the 
same entry for land in Otteby held by Rob' le Rat. 

Many like cases might be given, but space forbids. I may 
sum up my results by saying that of 50 names occurring in A, 
which I have examined, 35 occur in B, 38 in D, and 14 in £. 
With a perfect Index these numbers would probably be 

As for the date of this period, it was certainly after 1241, 
when Petr: de Sabaudia received the Earldom of Richmond 
{c./. Heylyn's Help to Eng, Hist.y 1675), and as the particular 
Simon de Kyme here referred to held the property in question 
from 1242 to 1248 {c./, Oldfield's Hist, of JVaynJiete^ ScCj 
p. 168) and the dates of 15 others which are all I have been 
able to verify would agree with this period, I think the date of 
the entries may feirly be assumed to be between 1242 and 1248. 

C has evidently lost its way, being simply a portion of Q 
on p. 352^, and will lie considered afterwards. 

Fy pt. 333A. Afem\ q\ isti Subs\^ is^c. 

This can be brought within even narrower limits 
from the consideration of the following dates : 
Walts. Marescair Com' Pemb' 

et Marg'ia ux is 1242-6 (Heylyn,p.423) 

W.EborArchiep' (Walter de Grey) 1216-1256 "J Clergy List 
R. Line' Eps. (Rob. Grosseteste) 1235-1254 > and 
W. Karl' Eps, (Walter Mauclerk) 1 223-1 247 J Heylyn. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 175 

Hugo de Albinaco (Com* Arund) 1 224-1 243 Hejrlyn,p. 223. 
The date of this portion being therefore either 1242 
or 1243. 

G, pp. 334-pt. 348. Cals'wath^ Wapent^,^ Scc^ &c. 

Section G, like B and D, contains returns from the 
different wapentakes, and praSically covers the same 
ground. It differs, however, from B and D some- 
what in character, as it not only gives information 
relating to the holders of the land at the time, but in 
many cases traces the hands through which it has 
passed. It also deals with a different period from 
that of B and D. 

Oldfield (whose Hist, of Waynjiete I have found an invalu- 
able help, especially as his dates are generally supported by 
references to Inq. p.m., &c.} quotes this portion as being in the 
reign of Ed. I., but gives no grounds for his belief. 

As my researches pointed to a much earlier period, I should 
have probably concluded I was wrong, and given it up as 
hopeless, hadf I not, in looking through an old number of 
Lines, N.(ff ^. (Vol. III., p. 238), met with a quotation from 
"Testa de Nevill, p. 336, circa 1215," in an article signed by 
the well-known initials W. O. M. With this support I venture 
to persevere. 

That Oldfield was wrong in this assumption, I think I am 
able to prove from his own figures. On pp. 225-6 he speaks of 
John de Orreby, who held land at Orby by the service of 
Constable to Gilbert de Gaunt {Testa, p. 334). This John, 
he says, was Sheriff of Notts and Derby in 1x70. "The 
period of his death is uncertain; his successor, Gilbert de O., 
obtained a charter for free warren .... in the Manor of 
Basford in 1268. Charter Rolls, m. 12," which is inconsistent 
with the assumed date of Ed. I. for Testa, p. 334. 

Then Brian de Insula {Testa, p. 334^) holds a fee in Saleby, 
which his widow Gracia holds, on pp. 309^, 331^, 333^* 

Alan de Mumby holds land, pp. 334^ and 336^, which is held 
by his daughters Maria et Alicia, pp. 329 and 370^. 

Wills de Braytoft held one-sixth of a fee at Braytoft, p. 335, 
which is held by Ro^ de Cressy, p. 329^. But Ro^ gained 
this land by marrymg the heiress of the Braytoft family 
(Oldfield, p. 121 V 

More generally of 25 names in G which I have tried to 
trace, I mid only 3 in A, B, D, or E, while in H, K, and R 


176 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

(all of which I judge to be earlier than A, B, &c., H being as 
early as 1219), I find, in spite of the much smaller number of 
entries, the following 9 in H: — Walt, de Batvent, Galf. de 
Sauzemara, Oliv' de Vallibus, Walt, de Braytoft, W". de 
Cantilupe, Maurice de Croun, Nicholaa de la Haye, Alan de 
Mumby, the first 3 appearing also in Rj and 4 — W". de 
Beningworth, Will Cousin, and Phus de Kyme — occurring 
in K. 

The points given above seem to indicate that pp. 334-348 
are out of their natural order, being of an earlier date than the 
previous portion, though not earlier than 1207 (the date of the 
Interdict) mentioned on p. 347. 

The books I have been able to consult do not enable me 
with any certainty to fix the date more approximately than 
between 1207 and 1242; but the section is so important that 
I have given the names above in full, hoping that others may 
be able, from their greater knowledge, to upset my conclusions, 
or perhaps confirm them and carry them further. 

To help them in this I will add the following notes : 

Sibilla de Scoten' (p. 334) was the widow of Lambert, the 

last Baron, who held the Barony in xi66 (Dugdale, 

p. 676). 
Peter Brus (p. 345) held land in Yorkshire in 1219 

(Test., p. 375). 
Gerard de Camvill (p. 345) was a justice itinerant in 1209 

(Dugdale's Mon, 1., 131). 
Ph'us de Jvyme (p. 336) was High SheriflT for the county, 

1 168: his grandson had the estates 1 220-1 242 

(Oldfield, p. x68). 

Com' Dav' (of Huntingdon, p. 336) 1190-1219 (Heylyn). 

Hj pt. p, 348. Feredca juraty orunty (s^c. 

The names of Wills de Albinaco, who died 1224 
(Heylyn, p. 223), of Nicholaa de la Have, who was 
living in 121 5 (Anderson's Lincoln)^ and of Matilda 
de Lascy, who became a widow in 1211 (Fox's Hist, 
of TontefraSty p. 94), agree with the date 3 Hen. III. 
given in the Precept respe<^ing the land of Thom' 
fir Gilbti utlagati. 

I must confess I cannot reconcile with this the mention of 
Henr' fil' Reg', who of course could not be the son of Hen, III. 
On p. 370, he is called Henr' fi-at' Reg'. Who was he? 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 177 

7> PP* 348~9- ^^ siTJantiis arentatis. 

Of this portion I can say nothing, except that all the 
6 names which I have found repeated occur in P. 

Kj pt» p. 349 Recepta apud LincoM, 
20 Hen. III., A.D. 1236. 

L, p. 350. Wapenf de la H/ris. 

I have been able to trace only 5 names, all of which 
occur in A, therefore this may be looked upon as the 
return for a wap. accidentally omitted from those 
^^ PP* 3^2-333, and of the same date. 

M, pt. 350-351. Rad^ fil Radiy &ff. 

By comparing this with p. 20X, it will be seen that 
its date is 19 Hen. HI. (1235). 

N, p. 351. Auxir platorum, &c. 

The expedition into Gascony was 1242. r/". Louth 
Par^ Abbey Chronicle. 

0> P^« 35 ^~P^- 3S-^* H^c sunt feoda, &c. 

The sentence on p. 352, line 8 — "Rex qui nunc est 
tradidit ipsas terras Regine Scotie sorori sue .... 
post mortem dee Regine" — points to some date 
subsequent to 1275 when Margaret died. Beyond 
this I have no data to work on. 

P, p*. 352. De Testa de Nepill 

In this portion I find nothing to fix a date unless 
Walts de Braytoft is the one mentioned on p. 346 as 
living temp. Rich. I. 

Q, 352^. Inquisitio fca, &c. 
28 Hen. III., A.D. 1244. 

R, pp- 369-37 1- 

I have been able to trace only 5 names, all occurring 
in A or B, which would suggest a date near 1242-6. 
This agrees with the mention of Wills, decanus 
Lincolir, p. 371. The only possible ones in the list 
of Deans given in Line. Diocesan Calendar^ 1 890, are 
(i) William of Tournay 1 223-1 239 
and William of Lexington 1 263-1 273 
(2) Matilda de Lascy is here called 
Mater Cestr' Constab', and her son 
died A.D. 1240 (Fox's Pontefracl^ 

p- 98). 

(i) and (2) would give 1223 and 1240 as the possible 

Vol. 4. M S, 

178 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

S, pp. 412-413. 

The date of p. 412, as in N, is 1242, confirmed by 

the following entries : — 

W. Ebor Archie^ 1216-1256^ 
N. Dunelm £ps 1 241-1250 

W. Wygorn Eps 1 237-1 268 
Walts. I^arl' Eps 1 223-1247 

W. Norwic' Eps 1 239-1 25 V 

in M. 


P- 595. 

And the date of p. 413 is 1235 as 


96. Edward and the Nuns of Alvingham. — I hope 
that the following illustration of the fable of '^ The Lion and 
the Mouse " will not be quoted as witness of the oppression of 
Wales by the " Alien Church." 

Apparently after the fell of Llewellyn, there was a son who 
might prove troublesome to Edward, and must therefore be 
got out of the way. What place more fitted to meet the 
requirements of the king, than the little Gilbertine Priory of 
Alvingham, buried in the Marsh of Lincolnshire ? And yet he 
might never have known of its existence, but five or six years 
before a petition had been presented to him from the Nuns of 
Alvingham, asking that they might be allowed to divert the 
road by which the parishioners went to their parish church, 
because it lay under the walls of their house and so was fraught 
with divers dangers. 

Here was Edward's opportunity, and that he seized it we 
have the evidence of Tanner's Notitia Monasticay in which is 
mentioned as being among the Charters, &c., of the Priory in 
the Bodleian Library a deed, ^' R. Ed. L de admittendo filium 
Lewelini principis Wallix." 

T. L. 

07. 17TH Century Account of Lincolnshire. — ^The 
following is extracted from Anglorum Speculum^ or the ff^orthies 
of England in Church and State^ by G. S., late Incumbent of 
Broad Windsor, published in London 1684. 

The natural commodities are pikes in that river near 
Lincoln, whence the proverb, "Witham pike, England hath 
none like." For wild fowl this county may be termed the 
aviary of England, for variety, deliciousness, and plenty, 3000 
mallards with other birds having been caught sometimes in 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 179 

August at one draught. Here is a bird called the King's Bird, 
namely the Knuts, sent for hither out of Denmark, for the use 
of Kanut, king of England. Then Dotterels, birds that are 
ridiculously mimical : as the fowler stretcheth forth his arms 
and legs, going towards the bird, the bird extendeth his legs 
and wings going towards the fowler, till surprised in the net. 
But it is observed that the foolisher the fowl or fish, the finer 
the flesh thereof. Pippins very good about Kirton in Holland. 
Note, when they are grafFed on a pippin stock, they are called 
Renates. There are very good doggs in this county, as 
Fleet-hounds, Grey-hounds, originally employed in the hunting 
of Grays, that is Brocks, and Badgers ; Mastiils for bull and 
bear, the sport being much afFe^ed therein, especially near 

For wonders, at Fishtoft no mice or rats are found, insomuch 
that barns built party per pale in this and the next parish, one 
side are annoyed, on the other side (being Fishtoft moiety) are 
secured from this vermin. 

The following is the list of Worthies. 

Saints — 
St. Botolph. Gilb. de Sempringham. Hugh (the boy). 

Martyr — 
Anne Askewe, 1546. 

Cardinal — 

Robt. Somercot. " The Italians were too hard for the honest 
Englishman, being made away by poison at the Holy 
Conclave, 1241." 

Prelates — 

William of Ganesborough, B. of Worcester, d. 1308. 
William Ayrmin, Chancellor of England, B. of Norwich, 

^- ^337- 

William Waynflet. 

William Lynwood, B. of St. Davids, d. 1446. 

William Ascough, B. of Salisbury, murdered 1450. 

Richard Fox, B. of Winchester, d. 1528. 

Thos. Goodrick (of Kirby), B. of Ely and Lord Chancellor of 

England, d. 1554. 
John Whitgift, of Grimsby, Archbishop of Canterbury. 
John Still, of Grantham, B. of Bath and Wells, d. 1607. 
Mart. Fotherby, of Gt. Grimsby, B. of Salisbury, d. 1619. 

Statesmen — 

i8o Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Statesmen — 

Edw. Fines, Lord Clinton, K.G., Lord Admiral of England, 

d. 1585. 
Thos. Wilson, Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth. 
The Lord Bury (or Borough), b. at Gainsborough, Deputy of 

Ireland, 1597. 
William Cecil, b. at Burn, Secretary and Treasurer, d. 1598. 

Capital yudges. 

Sir Wm. de Skipwith, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 35 Ed. IIL 
Sir William Skipwith, junior, a Puisne Judge, would not 

comply for the importunity of R. IL, nor the example of 

his fellow judges (An. 10 Regn.), to allow "That the 

king by his own power might rescind an A&. of 

Sir Wm. Husee, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 

21 Edw. IV. 
Sir Edm. Anderson, a younger brother of a Gentile Extract at 

Flixborough, made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 

24 Eliz., d. 3 James. 


Sir Fred. Tilney, Knt. of Boston. A man of mighty stature 
and strength. Attended K. R. I., An. 11 09, to the siege 
of Aeon. 

Peregrine Berty, Ld. Willoughby, d. 1601. 

Sir Edw. Harwood, b. near Burn, shot at siege of Mastricht, 


Job Hartop, b. near Bourn, sailed with Sir John Hawkins as a 

chief gunnery 23 years in captivity in Mexico, d. 1590, 
Sir Wm. Mounson, Vice Admiral 1602. 


Gilb. of Holland, St. Bernard's Scholar at Clairvaux, flourished 

Rog. of Crowland, Abbot of Friskney 1214. 
Elias de Frekingham, Monk of Peterborough, wrote a 

Chronicle 626-1270. 
Hugh Kirksted, wrote Chronicle of the Cistercians, 1220. 
Wm. Lidlington, Carmelite, d. 1390. 
Nich. Stanford, Bernardine, 13 10. 

ohn.Bloxham, 1331. 

ohn Horneby, Carmelite, 1374. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 1 8 1 

John Boston, of Bury, 1410. 

La we Holebeck, Monk of Ramsay, d. 141 o. 

Bertram Firzalin, Carmelite, in Lincolnshire, built and 

furnished five libraries, d. 1424. 
Edmond ShefFeild, b. in Isle of Axholme, created Baron 

thereof, slain at Norwich 1449. 
Pet. Morwing, a Latinist. 
Anthony Gilby. 

John Fox, of Boston, author of Book of Martyrs. 
Th. Sparks, b. at S. Somercote, d. 161 o. 
Dr. Tighe, Archdeacon of Middlesex, d. 161 o. 
Fines Morison, d. 1614. 

BenefaSlors to the public since the Reformation. 

Wm. Ratcliffe, endowed Free School at Stamford, d. 1539. 
Jane Cecil, mother of the Lord Treasurer, leaded and paved 

the Friday Market Cross at Stamford. 
Geo. Trigg, benefeftor of Stamford. 

Rich. Sutton, of Knaith, bene&dor of Charter House, d. 161 1. 
Rob. Johnson, of Stamford, Archdeacon of Leicester, endowed 

Schools in Rutland. 

Memorable Persons, 
Ja. Yorke, Blacksmith, wrote " Union of Honour." 

Noted Sheriffs. 

Jo. Walch, of Grimesby, fought a combat with Mortileto de 
Vilenos, 17 R. IL 

Jo. Rochford, Mil., translated Josephus, &c., 2 H. IV. 

Rob. Dimock, Mil., at the Coronation of H. VII. came on 
horseback into Westminster Hall, where the king dined, 
and, casting his gauntlet on the ground, challenged any 
who durst question the king's right to the crown. 

Jo. Husee, last Baron Husee of Sheford, beheaded 1537. 

Th. Burge, Mil. cr., Baron Burge or Borough, 16 H. VIII. 

Jervase Scroop, Mil., received 26 wounds at Edgehill, and 
lived 10 years after. 

A. E. Welby. 

98. List of Justices of the Peace for the Parts 
OF LiNDSEY IN LINCOLNSHIRE, A.D. 1 626. — Sir Thomas 
Coventry, K°*., Lord Keeper ; James Earl of Marlborough, 
Treasurer ; Henry Earl of Manchester, President ; Edward 
Earl of Worcester, Keeper; Thomas Earl of Arundel and 

Surrey ; 

i82 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Surrey ; Francis Earl of Rutland ; Theophilus Earl of Lincoln ; 
William Earl of Exeter j Edward Earl of Mulgrave ; John 
Bishop of Lincoln ; Robert Lord Willoughby, Great 
Chamberlain ; Emmanuel Lord Scrope ; Julius Caesar, 
Master of the Rolls , Sir Richard Hutton, K°*., one of the 
Justices of the Bench ; Sir James Whitelocke, K*"*., Justice of 
the Pleas j Sir George Manners, K°*. ; Sir Peregrine Bertie, 
K"* J Sir John Wray, K°*. and Bart. ; Sir Robert Anstruther, 
K°*. ; Sir Richard Amcotts, K»*. ; Sir William Pelham, K»*. ; 
Sir John Monson, K°*. ; Sir John Reade, K°*. ; Sir Francis 
South, K"*. i Sir Ralph Maddison, K°*. ; Sir Edward Ayscough, 
K°*. ; Sir John Stanhope, K»*. ; Sir Charles Bolles, K»*. ; Sir 
William Pelham, junr., K°*. ; Sir Christopher Wray, K°*. 5 
Roger Parker, Dean of Lincoln ; William Lincoln, D.D. ; 
John Farmery, LL.D. j George Eland, Archdeacon of 
Bedford ; Philip Tyrwhit ; Nicholas Saunderson ; George St. 
Paul ; Richard Towthby j George Ashton ; John Bolles ; 
William Llanden ; George Townshend ; Thomas Massingberd. 
The above list is taken from one in the Public Record 
Office of the Justices of the Peace in England and Wales. 
We may note that two out of the Cathedral Dignitaries were 
in the Commission of the Peace, the Dean, and the Archdeacon 
of Bedford. The latter was George Eland, who was also 
Chancellor of the Cathedral and Re<9[or of Kettlethorpe. He 
died in 1631. 

The great officers of state may possibly have been Justices 
ex-officioy for in the list there are several who were not 
apparently connected with Lincolnshire in any way. The 
Master of the Rolls, Sir Julius Caesar, had had a grant of the 
manor of Linwood, for life, from James L Sir Richard 
Hutton, the Judge, was a Cumberland man, and his seat was 
at Goldesborough in Yorkshire, but he may have acquired 
property also in this county. 

Sir Robert Anstruther was a Scotchman, but he had married 
a Yorkshire heiress. 

William Lincoln, D.D., was Re£tor of Scotter. 

The families of the real Lincolnshire gentry are almost all 
extind. Out of the list I can only find descendants in the 
male line from Sir John Monson, Sir Ralph Maddison, and 
Mr. Thomas Massingberd. 

Lord Yarborough represents in the female line Sir William 
Pelham ; Mr. Cracroft, Sir Richard Amcotts ; the Boucherett 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 183 

and Foljambe families, Sir Edward Ayscough ; the Daltons, 
Sir Christopher Wray. 

The Tyrwhitt- Jones family descends from the Tyrwhitts of 
Scotter, but the Philip Tyrwhit in the above list was the eldest 
son of Sir Edward Tyrwhit, Bart., of Stainfield. I cannot 
tell why Sir Edward's name does not occur in the Commission 
of the reace. 

George St. Paul must have been of Campsall, in Yorkshire. 
The last male of the St. Pauls of Snarford was Sir George, 
who died in 16 13, S.P. He divided his estates between his 
distant cousins the St. Pauls of Campsall, and his sister Lady 
Tyrwhit of Stainfield, the mother of Philip. 

John Bolles was of Scampton. His father Sir George had 
died in 1621, and he was made a Baronet in 1628. 

George Ash ton was of Minting. He made " Dr. Farmerie," 
who, I am pretty sure, was the John Farmery, LL.D., in the 
above list, supervisor of his will — proved 25 reb., 1638. 

Georee Townshend was of Halstead, in the parish of 
Stixwould. He was really a Norfolk man, but had married 
the widow of Richard Evington of Halstead. His will was 
proved 5 May, 1628. 

Richard Towthby was of Towthby, near Alford. 

Sir John Reade was of Wrangle. He died in 1626, aged 65. 

Sir Francis South was of Kelstern. 

Nicholas Saunderson was the eldest son of Sir Nicholas 
Saunderson, Bart., of Saxby, who was created Viscount 
Castleton in 1628. 

William Llanden must have been the son of William 
Llanden who died in 1620, and was of Dalby. 

Sir Charles Bolles was of Thorpe Hall, near Louth. 

There are several families whom one would have expefled 
to see in a list of Magistrates, but who are conspicuous by 
their absence ; notably the Langtons of Langton, the 
Heneages of Hainton, and the Dymokes of Scrivelsby. It is 
possible, however, that the last family, having estates in 
Kesteven as well as Lindsey, may have been represented in 
that division of the county. 

Taking the geography of Lindsey into account, we shall see 
that the list of Magistrates is very fairly distributed. 

The Wrays and Saundersons were near Kirton in Lindsey ; 
the Amcotts, Monsons, and Bolles were near Lincoln ; the 
Ayscoughs and Maddisons were near Caistor ; the Souths and 
the Thorpe Hall Bolles were near Louth -, the Towthbys were 


184 Lincolnshire Notes & ^ertes. 

close to Alford ; the Pelhams of Brocklesby were not far from 
Grimsby ; the Tyrwhits of Stainfield and the Ashtons of 
Minting were near Horncastle; the Llandens and Massingberds 
were near Spilsby ; the Reades were near Boston. 

Considering how much smaller the population was, we can 
see that the people had '^ indifferent justice " within reach, and 
we must remember that the Knights and Squires of those dajrs 
lived on their estates all the year round, and were therefore 
accessible on all occasions. 

A. R. Maddison. 

99. An Account of some Ancient Arms and Utensils 
FOUND IN Lincolnshire, chiefly in the Bed of the River 


SCOURED OUT IN 1 787 AND 1788. — (Continued from Vol. IV., 
p. 127).— 

At first the English made these tools of good iron, headed 
with steel, but when the steel was expended iron alone was 
used, and as it was observed that no fault was found, less 
and less care was every day taken of the perfediion of the 

No doubt therefore can remain that if an intercourse with 
the Europeans had continued, or if it should hereafter take 
place, those useless implements will be thrown away and better 
purchased in their stead. 

The same thing seems to have happened to the Romans^ 
only that as brass was in their time a cheaper metal than iron, 
they cast the substitutes of British axes in that metal, intead of 
forging them as we did in iron. 

The plain brass wedge which most resembles a stone axe 
was probably the first that was brought to market, and that is 
made of the best metal. The variations, both in shape and in 
the means of fixing of the helve, were afterwards added 
according to the humour of the purchasers, who, in the course 
of time, were as much cheated as the natives of Otaheite were 
by the use of base metal, and consequently relinquished their 
miserable tools when they acquired skill to distinguish the 
advantage of, and presently to purchase, those which were 
made after the Roman patterns, and therefore facilitated labour 
more than their own could do. Hence the abundance of these 
base metal Celts, which Antiquaries have been at a loss to 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 185 

account for, found often in heaps, as if their owner had, and 
thev probably did, thrown them away by basketfulls as things of 
little or no value. 

Fig. H I, Tab. 11. Two Celts are marked thus which 
resemble each other exaflly in their shape. They are of the 
most usual form, with an eye to receive their helve or a loop 
by which they might be hung to the girdle of a man whose 
dress did not admit of a pocket. 

Fig. H 2, Tab. 11, has probably been intended for a 
hammer and is well contrived to answer the purposes of that 

Fig. H 3, Tab. 11. Intended to answer the purpose of a 
hollow chizel or gough, and in all likelihood cast from a similar 
tool made of the bone of an animal, probably a human one, as 
they are always preferred for such purposes in Otaheite on 
account of their superior hardness. All the four are made of 
the same metal, and in this, which has been most used, its 
badness is very conspicuous ; it is split in the eye and broken 
on the edge. 

These four, with several more, were found together in the 
earth near Kirton in Lindsev in the year 1786, and purchased 
of Samuel the Jew at Lincoln in 1787, who often has promised 
to produce the rest but has not hitherto been able to do it. 

(To be continued), 

100. Records of Ancient Horncastle (continued from 
Vol. IV., p. 121). — 

Feet of Fines, Lincoln, 37 Hen. III., No. 36. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court of the lord 
the King at Westminster, on the Morrow of All Souls, in the 
37*^ year of the reign of King Henry, the son of King John, 
[3 November, A.D. 1252], &c. Between Hugh, son of Ralph, 
plaintiff, and Gerard de Rodes, whom Sylvester, bishop of 
Carlisle, vouched to warrant, and who warranted to him, 
concerning the manor of Hornecastre, with the soke and the 
advowson of the church of the same manor, and the advowson 
of the church of Marum, with the appurtenances ; for which 
there was a plea between them in the same Court. That is to 
say, that the aforesaid Hugh hath remised and quitclaimed for 
himself and his heirs to the aforesaid Gerard and his heirs, to 
the aforesaid bishop and his successors, and to his church 
aforesaid, the whole right and claim which he had in the 


1 86 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

aforesaid manor, &c. And for this remise, &c., the same 
bishop hath received the aforesaid Hugh and his heirs in all 
benefits and prayers which from henceforth shall be made in 
his church aforesaid for ever. 

Feet of Fines, Lincoln, 37 Hen. III., No. 38. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court of the lord 
the King at Westminster, on the Morrow of All Souls, in the 
37**^ year of the reign of King Henry, the son of King John 
[3 November, A.D. 1252 J, &c. Between Hugh, son of 
Ralph, plaintiff, and Gerard de Rodes, whom Silvester, bishop 
of Carlisle, vouched to warrant, and who warranted to him, 
concerning the manor of Horncastre, with the soke, and the 
advowson of the church of the same manor, and the advowson 
of the church of Marum, with the appurtenances, &c. That 
is to say, that the aforesaid Hugh hath remised and quitclaimed, 
&c., to the aforesaid Gerard and his heirs, to the aforesaid 
bishop and his successors, and to his church of Carlisle, the 
whole right and claim which he had in the aforesaid manor, 
&c. And for this remise, &c., the same bishop hath given to 
the aforesaid Hugh 400 marks of silver. 

Assize Roll, Lincoln 

56 Hen. in. [A.D. 127 1-2]. 

Margery Harabel, of Hornecastre, who brought a writ 
against Reginald de Grymesby, of Hornecastre, touching 
tenements in Hornecastre, did not prosecute; therefore she 
and her pledges to prosecute are in mercy. To wit Richard, 
son of Ralph de Holteham, and Roger his brother. 

Assize Roll, Lincoln, 3 >2, m. 60 d. 

56 Hen. III. [A.D. 127 1-2]. 

Alice, daughter of Walter Mire, and Isolda her sister, 
demand against Simon Lauret, of Hornecastre, and Matilda 
his wife, two parts of one toft and 2^ acres of land in 
Hornecastre, and two parts of one messuage and 2^ acres of 
land, in Thornton, as their right and their reasonable part 
which belongs to them of the inheritance which was of Walter 
del Mire, in the aforesaid vills, the father of the aforesaid Alice, 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 1 87 

Isolda, and Matilda, whose heirs they are, and who lately died, 
&c. And Simon and Matilda come and say that they ought 
not to answer to this writ, because they say that the aforesaid 
Isolda has a husband living, Geoffrey by name, and who is not 
named in the writ. Wherefore they ask Judgment. And 
Alice and Isolda cannot gainsay this. And therefore it is 
considered that Simon and Matilda [may eo] without a day. 
And Alice and Isolda are in mercy for a &lse claim. 

, 3 >2, M. 41 d. 


Assize Roll, Lincoln 

56 Hen. III. [A.D. 1271-2]. 

William, abbot of Kyrkested, brother Richard de Butterwyk, 
and Thomas Fluri, monks, Geoffrey de Stredlegh, Anthony de 
Enderby, Robert lUing, and Philip le Pestur . . . were 
attached to answer to Robert [de Chansey] bishop of Carlisle 
of a plea wherefore y whereas the same bishop had caused the 
beasts of the same abbot to be taken within the liberty of the 
same bishop, of Hornecastre, for certain customs and services 
to him due for a certain tenement which the aforesaid abbot 
holds of the fee of the same bishop there, and had caused those 
beasts there to be imparked, as is the custom in the kingdom 
of the lord the king, the aforesaid William, the abbot, and the 
others, with force and arms, entered that liberty and took the 
beasts of the same bishop there in withernam, and drove them 
to Tateshal, without the same liberty, and as yet detain them 
there against the law and custom of the kingdom of the lord 
the king, and against the peace, &c. And wherefore the 
aforesaid bishop complains that the aforesaid abbot and all the 
others came to the aforesaid vill of Hornecastre, on the 
Saturday ia Easter week, in the 54*^ year of the reign of the 
now lord the king [12 April, A.D. 1270], and there took and 
caused to take in withernam four horses, &c. Wherefore he 
says that he is injured and has damage to the value of 4o£., 
&c. And the Abbot and the others come. And the aforesaid 
abbot, Richard de Butterwyk, and Thomas Fluri defend the 
force and the injury, &c. And they put themselves on their 
country, &c. And the abbot and the others likewise. 
Therefore it is commanded to the sheriff* that he cause to come 
at Warwick, in three weeks from Easter Day, twelve, &c., by 
whom, &c., and who neither, &C., to recognise in form 
aforesaid, &c. 


1 88 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

And the aforesaid Anthony well knows that he, on the 
aforesaid day and year, came to the aforesaid vill of Hornecastre, 
and took the aforesaid beasts there, and led them away as the 
aforesaid bishop complains; but he says that this was by 
command of the sheriff, to wit, James de Paunton. Wherefore 
he vouces the same James to warrant thereupon. 

Afterwards at that day, at Warwick, the aforesaid bishop 
offered himself, by his attorney, against the aforesaid Anthony. 
And the aforesaid Anthony, being solemnly called, did not 
come, &c. 

Therefore the aforesaid Anthony is in mercy ; and he shall 
satisfy the same bishop for his damages, which are taxed by the 
Justices at one mark. 

Assize Roll, Lincoln, 3 J^2, m. 14 d. 

56 Hen. III. [A.D. 1271-2]. 

The assize came to recognise if Reginalda de Hornecastre, 
sister of Matilda the wife of Walter de Stykeneye, was seized 
in her demesne as of fee of one messuage and one oxgang of 
land in Hornecastre, on the day on which, &c. And if, &c. 
Whereof Richard, son of William Aster, holds one messuage, 
and William Aster one oxgang of land thereof. Who came. 
And they are agreed by license, &c. And the agreement is 
such, that the aforesaid Richard and William have acknowledged 
the aforesaid messuage and land to be the right of the 
aforesaid Matilda; and they render it to her. And she may 
have her seisin. 

Patent Roll, i Edward I., m. 2 d. 
[A.D. 1272-3]. 

Gilbert de Preston and William de Weilaund are assigned to 
take the assize of novel disseisin which Legarda, the daughter 
of John de Paris, arraigned against Philip Marmyun, &c., 
touching a tenement in Hornecastre. 

Patent Roll, 3 Edward I., m. 7 (35). 
[A.D. 1274-5]. 

Guichard de Charrun and William de Northburgh are 
assigned to take the assize of novel disseisin which Simon 
Laurot arraigned against Robert, bishop of Carlisle, touching 
a tenement in Hornecastre. 

W. Boyd. 
{To be continued), 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 189 


1 01. Slaughter Family. — (i) Does any house exist at 
Sutton in which a hmWy named Slaughter resided during 
1500 — 1600 A.D. ? 

(2) Has the family left any ostensible traces of its existence 
in the aforementioned locality. 

(3) What was the date of the marriage between Elizabeth 
Slaughter of Sutton, and John Digby of Mansfield Woodhouse, 
CO. Notts. ? Is it registered at St. Mary's Church, Sutton ? 

J, F. G. Slater. 

102. St. Michael's, Bostont. — In the Pedigree Table in 
the Rev. Canon Lodge's Scrhelshy^ 2nd edition, 1894, mention 
is made of Anne (widow of Sir Lionel Dymoke, Knt.), whose 
will was proved in 1521, and it is stated she was "buried at 
St. Michael's, Boston." Is anything known of this Church ? 
I can see no mention of it in Thompson's History. 

C. ]. C. 

1 03. BooTHBY Family. — Can any of your readers give any 
information about a femily of this name settled at Bolingbroke 
about the year 1760? 

The first mention in the Registers there of the family, 
records the baptisms of the children of William and Martha 
Boothby — but there is no clue as to where the parents came 
from. The above William Boothby was born about 1732, and 
was the great-great-grandfather of the present Baron Fermoy 
on his mother's side, and several of his (Boothby's) male 
descendants have been settled in Australia for thirty years past. 

C. A. 

104. Paradise Land. — In the plan of the Abbey Buildings 
at Revesby, given in the January number of Lines. Js(^ & ^., 
a ^mall( piece of land is marked "Paradise." I should be glad 
to hear of any explanation of this name and of its occurrence 
elsewhere. In Pellicia's Polity of the Christian Churchy 
translated by the Rev. J. C. Bellett, there occurs (p. 149) the 
following passage: "The open space in front of the Church, 
through which you approached the central door of the Church, 


190 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

was called the court, and in the middle ages garsonostadcs — 
* servants' waiting court,* — from the Graeco-oarbarion word 
»rson->»a servant. In the middle ages the Latins called it 
Paradise.*' The Revesby Paradise was apparently at the West 
end of the Church. At Partney the name " Paradise Land ** 
is given to what is now a small garden at the North-east of 
the churchyard, which answers to the description of a piece of 
land mentioned in the will of Thomas Ward, who died in 
1529. On the decease of his wife and son, this land was to 
go to "Partney Church, charging the churchwardens to keep 
every year an obit for my soul." 

Tartney. G. G. W. 

105. Family of Huntingdon. — Can any reader of Lines. 
N. & ^ satisfy my curiosity as to the situation of a 
Huntington or Huntingdon (spelt alternating Hundington in 
Brewer's Beauties of Ireland^ vol. L, p. 378,) in Lincolnshire, 
at which Sir Geoffrey de Ezmondiis or Esmond or Estmond 
lived prior to his accompanying Strongbow to Ireland in 1198. 
I am interested in knowing this, because Sir Geoffrey's 
descendant — ^a Sir Lawrence Esmond — built this house in 
1625 and called it Huntington (or Huntingdon} after this seat 
of his ancestors, and from his descendants it passed to my 
wife's ancestors, the Durdins, one of whom founded a town in 
Pennsylvania, which he named Huntington, and which is now 
of considerable size. You will find this recorded in Burke's 
Landed Gentry^ edition 1886 and earlier edition, under Durdin, 
and perhaps in the last edition, 1894, under Robertson of 
Huntington Castle (family of Durdin), and also under Esmond 
in Burke's Peerage and Baronetage^ whom the building of this 
house is wrongly attributed to Sir Lawrence Esmond, the 
second baronet, instead of to his grandfather, afterwards Lord 

Herbert Robertson. 

Huntington Castle^ 

Clonegalj Ireland, 


106. Grimoldby Registers (Vol. IV., p. 112). — The 
following entry occurs in the Churchwarden's Book of St. 
Mary, South iLelsey. 

** December 

Lincolnshire Notes Sf ^eries. 191 

"December the 21st, 1687. 

Tho. Granger hath paid to the pore of y* parish of Saint 
Marie the sume of ten pounds, which was given by the last 
will and testament of Do£lor Welfit.*' 

H. C B. 

107. GocHE OF Alvingham (Vol. IV., p. 157). — I am 
able to carry Mr. Maddison's record of the ownership of 
Alvingham Priory lands (so hr as Conisholme is concerned) a 
little further. 

Before the enclosure in 1839, ^^^ Priory lands consisted of 
1 64 acres of old enclosed land (as I know to my cost, the total 
amount of Tithe payable on this being 2s. 6d. per annum) and 
about 4 acres of meadow in the unenclosed Fen. 

In 1800 John Maddison owned 206 acres. This amount 
was reduced by various sales between 1800 and 1840, when 
the last portion of the property passed out of the hands of the 


108. The Meres Family (Vol. II., p. 215). — I venture to 
send you an extra£t of the will of Thomas Meres (20 Vox. 
P.C.C.), proved at Lambeth 8th May, 1495, which seems to 
confirm the query in the previous article. 

In the light of this will, it must be conceded that the 
Visitation is in error, and that either the name Nicholas, father 
of Sir John, should be written Thomas, or else that Thomas, 
the person who made this will, should be interpolated between 
Nicholas and Sir John. 

I trust this may be of sufficient interest to appear in your 
quarterly. Will not some of your correspondents, who appear 
so well posted in the Meres pedigree, kindly say what proof 
there is of the existence of Nicholas, a name quite foreign to 
the family. 

In the yere of Incarnacion mcccclxxxiiij. 

Thomas Meres esquier and marchaunt of the 
Staple of Calis, to be buried in the chapell of Saint 
Peter and Poule within the Parish Chirch of Kyrton 
in Holand. 



192 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Item I bequeth to John my son and myne heire, 

All my livelode as wole suche as I have purchasid as 

that I am borne to. 

To myne son Roger iij®. marc' sterlinges. 

To my son Richard iij®. marc' sterlinges. 

To my son Philipp iij**. marc' sterlinges. 

To my son Henry iij°. marc' sterlinges. 

To my douter Anne iij*. marc' "sterlinges. 

To myne oste Thomas Hubbard xx** marc' sterlinges. 

To my suster Margery xl. marc' sterlinges. 

To Richard Elys x. marc' sterlinges. 

To Roger Lynde x. marc' sterlinges. 

Cousin John Retelinges wife v. marc'. 

Gostely fader Sir John CouUe xx. shillings sterlinges 

Roberte Woodeward v. marc' sterlinges. 
Myn obit to be kept at Calise worshipflilly and then 

after my body to be conveyed into Inglond. I wil 

have a stone in the stapill Chapell ther as my hert 

shalbe buried. 
Executors John Meres my sonne William Paynell 

of Toft gentilman John Browne of Boston gentilman 

Maister Richard Topclif of WynkuU gentilman. 

XX. marc' sterlinges each. 

Sir Antony Browne Knyght myne over seer, xx. 

marc' sterlinges. 

Witnesses. John Dawbton of HuUe Constable of 

the Staple of Calise. Sir Anthony Browne Knight. 

Thomas Hubberd Marchaunt. John Ryvelinge 

under serjaunt, and Roger Lynde with other." 

Edward Deacon. 
Bridgeport^ Conn,j U.S.A. 


The late Precentor Venables. — Lincolnshire antiquarians have tufiered a 
severe loss in the death of Precentor Venables on March loth. Few men were so 
acquainted with the antiquities of the county than he. In him and the late Bishop 
of Nottingham the Architectural Society have lost two of the best of cicerones 
that it has had for the last thirty years. We hope to have in our July issue a 
suitable memorial of the late Precentor's antiquarian work. Any notes for such a 
memorial will be gladly welcomed by the Editors of Lines, N. ^ S^, 




L 1 


V^.S 'fc^/yW^f/' i^**t^t<^'^ 1-9*4*, 


I /-/*.J*>;9^ 

Ji^/„ ■' 

-- - -.,i^\J 



Notes & Queries 


RELIC OF THE Old French War. — 
Recently, when looking through some old 
papers which belonged to my grand- 
fother, I found the one now excellently 
reproduced in the present number of Lines. 
N, bf ^ The original is hand-painted 
in seven colours, and represents, as may 
be seen, the signals in use along the coast 
warning merchant ships, coasters, and 
fishing boats of the presence of French war vessels. 

That captures were made, from time to time, during the 
war by the enemies' small cruisers and privateers off the 
Humber, there can be no matter of doubt, yet, so far as I can 
ascertain, there is no tradition extant amongst our coast 
population of any such occurrence — documentary evidence no 
doubt can be obtained of all losses to shipping incurred during 
the war. 

I have heard my grandfather, who was Major- Commandant 
of the Horncastle and North Reston Volunteer Infantry, say 
that he held instru<%ons, alone with other commanders, in 
case of the landing of any hostile force on the coast. All the 
waggons and carts in the distri£l were numbered and drivers 
told ofF to them ; should necessity arise, the women and 
children, sick and aged folk^ and such as were not able to walk, 
were to be conveyed by waggons into the interior ; the able- 

VoL. 4. — No. 31. July, l bodied 

194 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

bodied men and bo)rs to colled the live stock and drive them 
inland ; all corn stacks, fodder, houses and buildings, and in h& 
everything that could sustain or shelter an enemy was to be 
fired. It was to have been guerre d mort. 

From the known chara£fcer of the Lincolnshire coast, fringed 
with dangerous sands, there was little risk of a landing in force 
anywhere between Boston Deeps and Tetney Haven. There 
was, however, a very well-founded expedation of a possible 
landing somewhere near the entrance to the Humber. 

In Holderness, but particularly in the Spurn distri<^ the 
waggon transport was not only organised as in Lincolnshire, 
but these, when not in actual use, were always kept loaded 
with the most valuable of the household goods, ready to be 
driven ofF at the first alarm. There was a permanent camp of 
Militia on Dimlington high-land. At the Spurn the light was 
then a huge iron basket of sea coal on a tripod ; the hot 
cinders once fired the bents, creating a great smoke : there was 
general alarm — Boney had come at last ! The Militia in 
Dimlington camp were quickly in motion and hurried toward 
the Spurn. In passing through Easington it was noticed that 
a man in the hurry of departure had not fixed the lock to his 
musket — a perhaps fortunate omission for he could neither 
shoot himself or his comrades. It is somewhat curious that 
this circumstance of the fired bents is the only local remem- 
brance of anything conne£fced with the great French war. 
Yet there is a much older tradition that about the year 1779 — 
just before the sea-fight ofF Flamborough — five men, pirates, 
deserters fi'om one of the cruisers of the terrible Paul Jones, 
landed in a boat near Kilnsea old village ; all were armed with 
guns and took refuge in a house near the coast. On the 
information of a woman, the house was surrounded and the 
men captured and disarmed. In corroboration of this story, I 
am told that quite up to recent years the best duck gun in 
Easington was a converted flint-lock, one of the very muskets 
taken from the five pirates. Many years after this, two men 
deserted from a King's ship ofF the coast and landed near 
Dimlington : one succeeded in escaping by concealing himself 
for the time in the broken clifl^ but the other, going inland, 
was captured. All this and more I took down — ^fingering 
memories — from the lips of the oldest inhabitant, Mr. Loten, 
of Easington, from what he recolle6h having heard, when a 
boy« from his father. 

Great Cotes House. JoHf^ Cordeaux. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 195 

no. Lincolnshire and Lincoln M.P/s. — ^Thc Lincoln 
7)ate Bool^ gives the names of the candidates at different 
elections during the i8th century^, but not the numbers of the 
votes given. The following statistics are not without interest, 
as they show how the popularity of various candidates rose and 

In 1 7 10, on the nth OS., an election was held for Knights 
of the Shire — 

Lewis Dymoke, Esq. . • 3147 
Peregrine Lord Willoughby . 2977 
George Whichcott, Esq. . 133^ 
and on the nth OSL for the City of Lincoln — 
Richard Grantham, Esq. . • 289 
Thomas Lister, Esq. . . . 268 
John Sibthorp, Esq. • . . 264 
Sir Thomas Meres, K"*. . . 72 

There was a Tory readion. Sacheverell's trial in the spring 
was significant of a change, and on 8th Aug., the Whig 
Ministry were dismissed, Harley becoming Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, and S^ John Secretary of State. 

Lewis Dymokey who headed the poll, had succeeded his 
brother Charles in 1702 as Hereditary Champion in right of 
being Lord of the Manor of Scrivelsby. He lived till 1760, 
and died aged 91. 

Peregrine Lord JVillmghby (by courtesy) was the eldest son 
of Robert ist Marquis of Lindsey, who was created Duke of 
Ancaster in 1715. He was summoned bv writ to the House 
of Lords in the same year, and succeeded his father in 1723. 

George Whichcott or Whichcot^ the defeated Whig candidate, 
was of Harpswell, and had been elected Knight of the shire in 
1698, 1705, and 1708. His influence was powerful in the Isle 
of Axholme, where was the largest number of freeholders ; so 
large, in fk<9^ as to determine in many instances the hxt of the 
election. He was the son-in-law of Sir Thomas Meres, who 
shared the same lot in standing for the City of Lincoln. 

Richard Grantham was of Goltho, near Wragby. He 
represented a family of paramount interest in Lincoln during 
the latter part of the i6th and early part of the 17th centuries. 
The Grantham family mansion was at St. Katherine's, at the 
southern extremity of the City, where James L was hospitably 

Thomas Lister was of Coleby, the last male of his family. 
He had just given ^ £s^ ^^i"^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ pavement, or cause- 

196 Lincolnshire Notes Sf Queries. 

way, in the High SS," which probably increased his 

john Sibthorpi who ran Thomas Lister very close, was 
ancestor of the present family at Canwick and Sudbrooke. He 
lived in the parish of St. Mark, and died in 17 18. 

Sir Thomas Meres was of Kirton in Holland, the head of a 
very ancient family. He lived in the house now called 
Deloraine Court, which he held by lease of the Dean and 
Chapter, He had been M.P. for Lincoln in many Parliaments, 
having been returned in the Commonwealth 1658-9, after 
the Restoration in 1660, 1661, 1678, 1679, 1681, 1685, 
1700, 1702, 1705, 1708. He died 9th July, 171 5. The 
sudden declension in popularity evidenced by his obtaining only 
72 votes seems strange. His daughter, and eventual co-heir, 
Frances Katherine, was the wife of George Whichcot, of 
Harpswell, the unsuccessful Whig candidate for the county. 

In 1 713, John Sibihorp took the place of Richard Grantham, 
but whether by arrangement or not, I cannot say. At any- 
rate, in 17 14 Richard Grantham and Sir John Tyrwhit, Bart., 
of Stainfield, were M.P.'s. 

In 1722 an election took place with the following result : — 

John Monson, Esq 439 

Sir John Tyrwhit, Bart. . . 386 
Richard Grantham, Esq. . . 157 

yohn Monson was son of George Monson, and nephew and 
heir of Sir Henry and Sir William Monson, of Burton. He 
succeeded the latter in 1726-7, and was created Baron Monson 
in 1728. 

Sir John Tyrwhit was of Stainfield. He was nephew of the 
above Sir Thomas Meres and cousin to the wife of George 
Whichcot. He died in 1741. 

Richard Grantham no longer enjoyed the popularity he had 
won in 171 o. 

In 1723 an eledion was held for a Knight of the Shire in 
the room of Sir William Massingberd, Bart., of Gunby, with 
this result : — 

Robert Vyner, Esq. . . . 2584 
Sir Nevile Hickman, Bart. . 2406 

This was the celebrated election when Sir Nt^ile Hickman 
lost by indulging too freely in wine and drinking the 
Pretender's health in the yard of the Angel Inn, on his bare 
knees. He lived at Thonock, near Gainsborough. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 197 

Robert Vyner was of Gautby \ the direfl ancestor of the 
present family. 

In 1727 an election was held for the City : — 
Sir John Monson, K.B. . . 541 

Charles Hall, Esq 362 

Sir John Tyrwhit, Bart. . . 329 
Sir John Monson was raised to the Peerage in 1 728, when 
the successful candidates were : — 

Sir John Tyrwhit, Bart. . . 257 
Charles Monson, Esq. . . . 224 
Charlis Hall^ who was elected, only apparently to lose his 
seat the following year, was of Kettlethorpe. 

Charles Monson^ was a younger brother of Sir John. 

A. R. Maddison. 

III. Barton-on-Humber temp. XV. Century, — The 
glimpse of Barton-upon-Humber in the XV. century given in 
the deed, now in my possession, and in the abstrad of a will in 
the P.C.C, Somerset House, may be of sufficient interest to 
preserve in the pages of Lines, N, ^ ^ The deed and will 
appear to corroborate each other; it does not often occur that 
the " persons " of two distind documents of this early date 
are so mixed up, so that you find the will to be that of a 
witness and also another man witness to both documents 
nearly forty years different in date. One William Duffield was 
vicar of St. Mary's in 1529, he possibly was descended from 
the John and Eliz. of the deed. If the ancient pavement has 
not given place to encaustic tiles, what the testator calls 
the ^ petra blodia" may still be found lying in what is now called 
St. James's aisle, in St. Mary's church, in 1458 it was before 
St. James's altar. Both documents are in latin, the deed is 1 2^ 
inches long by 5^ deep, is in perfe£fc condition and very clearly 
written : there is one seal of black wax pendent, containing a 
shield, set cornerwise under a helmet ; the arms are, a full 
moon in the centre, and 3 estoiles — two in chief, one in base, 
the helmet surmounted by a spray of three roses ; round the 
edge is " VALETOR DUFILDE." 

Translation of Deed, 

Dated at Barton-upon-Humbre, first of April, 7 Hen. V. 

John DufFeld of Barton-upon-Humber and Elizabeth his 
wife, grant and by this deed confirm to John Proktor 
of Barton, to William DufFeld and John Chaumbr 


198 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

of Barton, shipman, one messuage in Barton, with 
"burgagium,*'* lying in ffietegate, between a 
messuage of John de fiereby of Barton on the north 
and a messuage of Thomas de fiereby de Redenes on 
the south, and abuts upon a messuage of Richard 
Beverley (i) towards the east, and upon ffletegate 
road towards the west. Also to the aforesaid John, 
William, and John, one messuage with '' burgagium " 
in Barton, lying between a messuage of John 
Lorymer on the west and a messuage of William 
Elsbam (2) on the east, and abutting upon the 
garden of John Gastrvks of Barton towards the 
South, and upon the kmg's way towards the north. 
Also to the said John, William, and John, one 
messuage with '^ burgagium " in Barton, lying at 
Bichhill, and one half bovate of land and meadow 
with appurt's, which said messuage lies between the 
messuage of John Barneby Junior on the south and 
the messuage of Thomas fFereby of Redenes on the 
north, abutting upon a croft of dominus de Bello 
monte (3) towards the west and upon the king's way 
towards the east. Also an annual rent of seven 
shillings coming from certain tenements in the tenure 
of John Clerk, shipman, and an annual rent of seven 
shillings from certain tenements of the Abbot and 
Convent of Thornton, and a rent of seven shillings 
annually from tenements held by John Blythe, 
shipwright, in Paulffiete. All which messuages and 
rents, we, the said John Duffeld and Elizabeth his 
wife, lately held in fee simple, by the gift and 
feofiinent of John Lorymer of Barton-upon-Humber, 
senior, of William Goushill, Thomas Man, and 
Matthew ffisher of the same place. To have and to 
hold all the aforesaid messuages, &c., to the aforesaid 
John, WiUiam, and John, their heirs and assigns 
freely, quietly, wholly and peacefully of the chief 
lords of the ree, by tiie service due and customary 
therein, &c. 
Witnesses, Johe Barnaby, seniore. Johe Bryan, Willo. 
flayflete, Thoma Spenser, WiUo. Glener, Willo. 
Lorymer, Johe Mawekernes, et aliis. 

* ** Burgagiam," tenure of land, or houses in a borough, equivalent to free and 
common socage in the country. — Ewald's Gtoaary to " Omt PiiUe Rtcordt" 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 199 

(i) Richard Beverley was most probably ancestor of John 
Beverley of Elsham, whose will, dated in 1529, was proved at 
Market Raisin in 1530. He dire£b his body to be buried in 
the Church of Elsham, before the altar of St. Nicholas. By 
his inquisition held at Sleford 26 Sept. 22 Hen. VIII. 
[Eschaetors Inquisitions, File 564, S2 No. 16], he held lands 
in Elsham, of the Prior, and of the King, as of the Honour of 
Bolinbroke, lands in Worlaby of the Prior of Ebham, and 
lands in Barton-on-Humber, of Henry Norys, armiger, as of 
his manor of Barton. He died i May, 1529, and Edward, 
aged 24, was his son and heir. 

(2) William Elsham was probably of the same femily as 
Adam de Eylesham, goldsmith, of London, whose will. Roll 
96 (202) proved in the Court of Hustings, and dated 5 June, 
1368, shows he was connected with north Lincolnshire. If he 
died in London, he was to be buried in St. Paul's churchyard, near 
the tomb of Elienora his late wife. He leaves 60$. for one 
hundred and thirty pounds of wax to be made into tapers and 
torches to burn at his funeral ; leaves his son John five marks 
to put him to a trade ; to Juliana, his daughter, mazer cups, 
silver spoons, &c., to Alice his wife, forty shillings by way of 
dower, and household goods, and to the Priory of Eylsham a 
chalice of the value of forty shillings. 

(3) Dns de Bello monte. The will of John de Beaumont, 
dated 8 Sept., 1396 [Gibbons' Early Line, fflllsy page 30] 
mentions, ''and the lands and tenements rents and services 
which I have by purchase from Sir Thomas Kydale in Barton 
on Humber." 

Abstradl of the will of William Lorymer de Berton sup 
humbr, dated 14 Aug., 1458, proved at Lambeth, 19 Nov., 
1458, by John Lorymer, the son and exor. [P. C. C. 14 

Firstly, I beaueath my soul to Almighty God, the blessed 
Virgin Mary and all the Saints in heaven : and my 
body to be buried in the chapel of the church of the 
blessed Virgin Mary, of Barton, aforesaid, before the 
Altar of S*. James, "sub petra ib'm blodia jacent."* 
Also I bequeath to the Vicar of the same for my 
mortuary, my best animal. 

* Blodeus [Sax. Blod.] deep red colour ; from whence comes bloat and bloated, 
vix., sanguine and high colour, which in Kent is called ** blousing colour " ; and a 
blouse is there, a red fac*d wench. The Prior of Burcester A.D. 1425, gave his 
LiTcries of this colour. — ^Jacob's Lato DiffionoFy, folio, 1744. 


200 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Also for tithes forgotten twenty shillings. 

Also to the fabric of the mother church of Lincoln 
twenty shillings. 

Also to the Abbot of Bardney for tythes forgotten twenty 

Abo to the Abbot of Thornton xx". Also to the 
" Abbathie " de Cotom xx». Also to the " Abbathie *' 
de Gokewell xiii*. liii*. To S. Peter's church of 
Barton xx*. Also to the " Capelle San£te Marie de 
Barton ** xx*. 

Also to Richard Harwode, chaplain xl*. Also to Thomas 
Bowear iij". viij*. 

Also to every church within the Wapentake ^^ de Zord- 
burght,*' vj*. viij*. 
Itm lego cuilibet filiolorum meorum sex denarii. 

Also I will after my death that my messuage wherein I 
dwell in ffietegate, near the messuage of Margerie 
fierlby on the north and the messuage of John 
Gaudeby on the south and abutting on the said 
ffletegate towards the east and upon Casceldike 
towards the west shall remain to my son John. 

Also to my son Richard one Messuage and one ^' Cow- 
garth " with appurtenances, the said messuage situate 
in Southgate between the house formerly belonging 
to John Dkott on the north, and a messuage of John 
Brian on the south, abutting on Southgate on the 
east and upon the garden of the Abbot of Thornton 
on the west. 

Also other houses to sons John and Richard, bounded 
by messuages of John Owesby, Thomas Lorymer, 
John Barnetby, Henry Bothe and John Portington. 

Residue to John Lorymer my son, Richard Harwod, 
Capell% and Gunneta my wife, whom I appoint ex'ors. 

Witnesses, Johe Bryan " gentilman," Thoma Kelk de 
eadem, '' gentilman,*' and Thoma fibuler de eadem, 
" yeman," et multis aliis. ' 

W. H. Smith. 

112. List of Persons in Lincolnshire who Paid the 
Tax on Male Servants in 1780. — This list has been 
compiled from a manuscript volume preserved in the Public 
Record Office among the records of the Lords of the Treasury, 
and is now printed with the permission of their lordships. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 201 

The Ad under which the tax was levied was passed in the 
seventeenth year of Georee III.'s reign, 1777, and provided 
that from and after the nfth day of July in that year there 
should be paid yearly the sum of twenty-one shillings for every 
male servant retained or employed in the following capacities : 
— Maitre-d*hotel, house steward, master of the horse, groom 
of the chamber, valet de chambre, butler, under butler, clerk 
of the kitchen, confectioner, cook, house-porter, footman, 
running footman, coachman, groom, postilion, stable-boy and 
other helpers in the stables, gardener (not being a day 
labourer), park-keeper, game-keeper, huntsman, and whipper- 
in. The ASt did not, however, extend to servants employed 
in husbandry or manufactures, or in any trade or calling by 
which the master or mistress of such servants should earn a 
livelihood or profit. 

J. J. Cartwright, F.S.A. 





Andrew* J. 


AUenby Wm. 

Ormsby, North 

Afflick Revd. Mr. 


Atkinson Mrs. 


Ashley Mr. 


Ayre J no. 


Anderson Cha. 


Adams Revd. Mr. 


Atkinson Mrs. 


Anningson Jos. 
Amcotts Walton 



Andrews Revd. Mr 

. New Sleaford 

Ancaster Duke of 


Arundle Lord 


Birch Revd. Mr. 


Brown Revd. Mr. 

Benton Mrs. 

Somercotes, Sth. 

Booth Mr. 

Elkington, Sth. 

Bennett B. 


Bennett B. 

South park 

Banks Jos. 


Brackenbury J. 


Barr Mr. 


Bourn John 
Booth Revd. Mr. 



Burton L. 

Bag Enderby 

Burton Wm. 


Bellairs A. Wal. 


Buckworth Mrs. 
Bartie Chas. 
Bdlaers Mr. 
Buckworth Mr. 



Blithe Dr. 
Buckworth Thos. 
Berridge Revd. Dr. 
Birtwistle Revd. Mr. 
Baxter Boaz. 
Bell Rev. Mr. 
Betts J no. 
Batey Frs. i 
Barlow Robt. 
Barnard Mr. 
Berrian Mr. 
Branston Mr. 
Brown Mr. 
Bassett Revd. Mr. 
Barnard Mr. 
Broughton Revd. Mr. 
Bassett Revd. Mr. 
Bacon Jos. 
Bentley Henry 
Bentley Geo. 
Benton Mr. 
Bennett Mr., Junr. 
Bennett Mr., Senr. 
Bryon Mr. 
Bristow Revd. Mr. 
Boucheret A. 
Buckworth Revd. 

Brown Thos. 
Bury Mr. 
Bum Revd. Mr. 
Broomhead Mr. 
Best Revd. Mr. 


No, of 




Red bourn 
Gains boro' 













Heigh ington i 
Blai^ney 2 

Navenby i 

Close of Lincoln i 




202 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Broomhead Beiij. 
BuUin Mr. 
Baldwin Win. 
Bennett Revd. Mr. 
Bell Mrs. 
Brown John 
Brown Brozam 
Bacon Revd Mr. 
Brownlow Lord 
Balcer Revd. Mr. 
Brown Wm. 
Brown John 
Brown Mr. 
Bellamy Mr. 
Brown Leond. 
Banks Mr. 
Brown Mr. 
Buck Sir Chai. 
Bertie Lord B. 

Colstone Revd. Mr. 
Cook Revd. Mr. 
Clark Dr., Junr. 
Clark Dr., Senr. 
Chaplin Cha. 
Chapman Mr. 
Chapman Jno. 
Chantry Mr. 
Cartwnght Mr, 
Cheilet Mr. 
Clitherow Mr. 
Craick Mr. 
Cartwright L. 
Clarke Jno. 
Culthorpe Mrs. 
Culthorpe Richd. 
Colby Jno. 
Cheyney Jno. 
Calthorp Revd. Mr. 
Connington Mrs. 
Clayton Bar. 
Chown Mrs. 
Clayton Mrs. 
Crowley Mrs. 
Cookson Revd. Mr. 
Capes Richd. 
Coats Jno. 
Carnley Wm. 
Cary Mr. 
Consett Mr. 
Cary Mr. 
Clayton Mr. 
Chaplin Lady 
Courtois Revd. Mr. 
Carleton Thos« 








Belton ] 

New Sleaford 



Swenistead (ac) 










Ashby Puerorum 







Carlton, South 





Coultman Thos. 
Caldicot Gibt. 
Charles worth Dr. 
Clarges Sir Thos. 
Courtois Revd. Mr. 
Clarke Mr. 
Calcroft Mrs. 
Cust Lady 
Calcroft Genl. 
Chambers Revd Mr. 
Cooper Mr. 
Cooper Mr. 
Cholmley Montagu 

Dashwood S. 

Dymoke Mr. 
Denshire Geo., Senr. 
Denshire Geo., Junr. 
Digby Geo. 
Dennison Mrs. 
Dallison Wm. 
Dealtry Jas. 
Delamotte Mr. 
Dunn Mr. 
Dowbiggin Mr. 
Durance Revd. Mr. 
Davis Mr. 
DeU Mr. 
Disney Mrs. 
Douglas Thos. 

Drake Mrs. 

Duffitt Michl. 
Darwin Revd. Mr. 
Darwin Mrs. 
Dyer Mr. 
Digby Mrs. 
Douglas Mr. 

Emeris Revd. Mr. 
Epworth Mr. 
Elmhirst Thos. 
Elmhirst Mr. 
Exeter Earl of 
Etherington Wm. 
Etherington Mr. 
Epworth Mr. 
Eg] in Revd. Mr. 
Ellison Ricd. 
Easton Revd. Mr. 
Ellis Revd. Mr. 
Eyre Revd. Mr. 

PUct, N0, 0f 

«* - 


Burton Gate 3 
Bail of Lincoln I 
Close of Lincoln i 
















New Sleaford 











Close of Lincoln 

City of Lincoln 



Town of 

Grantham 13 
Town of 

Grantham i 
Syston 3 

Carlton Scroop 
New Sleaford 



Ashby Puerorum 
Stamford ao 


Kelsey, South 
New Sleaford 

Fanthorp Mrs. Louth 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 203 


Fowler Rev. Mr. 
Fowler, Mr. 
Fitzwilliam* Mr. 
Fotheringal Geo. 
Foster Augs. 
Fryer Mr. 
Fotberingham Jno. 
Foster Mr. 
Feme Rev. Mr. 
Faulkener Ricd. 
Fowler Dr. 
Flowers French 
Fydell Ricd. 
Francis Patk. 
Finley Mr. 
Frogett Mrs. 
Fowler Mr. 
Fagon Mr. 
Fumiss Revd. Mr. 
Fitxwilliam Mr. 
Foster Mr. 
Fields Mr. 
Fytch Disney Lewis 
Field Johnathan 
Francis Revd. Mr. 
Foster Mr. 

Goodwin Revd. Mr. 
Gunnis Mr. 
Gibbons Wm. 
Gosley Andw. 
Gale Revd. Mr. 
Gibson Revd. Mr. 
Gates Mr. 
Graham Mrs. 
Green Mr. 
Grundy Jno. 
Gleed Jonn 
Garfitt Wm. 
Graybum Mr. 
Goalton Mr. 
Green Jno. 
Gace Miss Ann 
Glover PhU. 
Gordon Revd. Mr. 
Green Robt. 
Goodhand Saml. 
Garmston Jno. 
Gibson Mr. 
Gibson Revd. Mr. 
Gery Revd. 
Garnar Jas. 
Gregory Ann 
Greenwood Mrs. 



Ormsby, &c. 















Close of Lincoln 




Brace boro' 









Close of Lincoln 











Gardiner Mr. Leasingham 

Garland Ann Aslackby 

Gascoyne Revd. Mr. Reppingale 

Nth of 










Harvey Wm, 

Hodgson Shad. 

Heron Pat. 

Hurbv Dr. 

Hutchinson Mr. 

Heald Mr. 

Henson Chiseld 

Haycock Mrs. 

Hurst Jas. 

Hopkins Mr. 

Harrison Dr. 

Haaelrig Mrs. 

Harvey Jas. 

Holland Frans. 

Huggings Wm. 

HiU Jno. 

Hardwick Thos. 

Henton Robt. 

Holgate Edwd. 

Healey Thos. 

Homby Wm. 

Hunt Mr. 

Homby Mr. 

Healey Mr. 

Harrison Mr. 

Hickman Sir G. Nevill „ 

Haley Revd. Mr. Scotton 

Harrison Jno. 

Hayes Mr. 

Hasledon Mr. 

Hudson Mr. 

HoUwell Mr. 

Market Deeping 






Bishop Norton 
Great Limber 

Hudson Revd. Mr. Searby Owmby 
Hameis Mr. Laceby 

Holgate Mr. Thorganby 

Haldenby Revd. Mr. Grimsby 

Hobart Hon. Geo. 
Henage Geo. 
Hutton Revd. Mr. 
Hales Mrs. 
Hutton Mr. 
Hewthwaite Revd. Mr. „ 
Howson Revd. Mr. „ 
Harrison Revd. Mr. Waddington 
Heron Revd. Mr. Grantham 
Harrison Revd. Mr. Easton 
Hacket Revd. Mr. Beckingham 
Horner Richd. Broughton 

Hill Rev. Thos. Carlton Scroop 



Burton Gate 

Close of Lincoln 


* Blank in originaL 


204 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 


Plact, No, 



p^K«. No. of 



Horton Mr. 


Lister Matw. 

Heckington I 

Hall Revd. Mr. 


Lane Jno. 

Boston I 

Hall Revd. Mr. 


Lancaster Robt. 

99 ' 

HutcninaoQ Mr. 

New Sleaford 

Lightfoot Thos. 

Crowle I 


Lister Thos. 

Brough 5 

Hide Jno. 
Hide Revd. Mr. 


Lay cock £dmd. 

Bail of Lincoln I 


Lely Mr. 

Close of Lincoln i 

Hopkinson Revd. 

Burton Goggles 

Lyon Mr. 

Lincoln I 


Lowry Mr. 
Lily Mr. 

9* ' 

Grantham i 

^ bUand Revd. Mr. 


Lucas Anty. 

Ancaster I 

] ohnson Revd. Mr. 


Lomax Mrs. 

New Sleaford I 

' ollandt Adkin 




Moorhouse Mr. 

Louth I 

ackaon Dr. 


Marshall Mrs. 

»i * 

] udd Samuel 


Marshall Mr. 

If 3 

] ohnton Mau 


Massingberd Wm. 

Gunbv 4 
OrmsDy, &c. 5 

' bhnaon Fairfax 
\ ngram Capt. 
ackaon Jonn 




Mottram Mrs. 

Stamford i 


Measure Thos. 

Pinchbeck I 

' bnei Revd. Mr. 


Massey Mr. 

Spalding i 

] obnion Mr. 

New Sleaford 

Maccellen Mr. 

99 * 

' ohnaon G. Wm. 

Wytham o' th' 

Medcalf Miss 

Ashby I 



Moorhouse Chas. 
Martindale Mr. 

Gainsboro* I 

9» ' 

Kime Mrs. 


Moorhouse Jno. 
Maddison Mr. 

91 ' 

Knowles Revd. Mr. 


19 * 

Knapp Revd. Mr. 


Morley Mr. 

Scotton I 

Kirke Revd. Mr. 


Monke Lawe. 

Cainby 3 

Kent Tno. 


Morris Mr., Junr. 
Markham Mr. 

Barton i 

Key Mr. 


91 * 

Knipe Revd. Mr. 


Mounsey Mr. 

Normanby i 

Key Mri. 


Madison Geo. 

Stainton lie Hole a 

Keayn Archibald 


MarshaU Mr. 

Grimsby I 

King John 


Monson Ld. 

Burton 20 

Kirkby Mr. 


Maddison Mr. 
Manwaring Thos. 

Bail of Lincoln I 
Close of Lincoln 3 

Livesey Thos. 


Mumpesson Mrs. 

Lincoln I 

Loft Revd. Mr. 


Middlemore Mrs. 

Grantham 2 

Lee Mr. 


Muscutt Mr. 

99 ' 

Louth Mr. 


Monteeth Revd. Mi 

'. Barrowby 3 

Langton Saml. 

Scremby cum 

Marshall Mr. 

Broughton I 


Manners Miss 

Fulbeck 6 

L'Oite Revd. Mr. 


Musson Edwd. 

Bourn I 

Langton B. * 


Mason Revd. Mr. 

Spanby I 

Langton Mrs. 


Meyers Revd. Mr. 

Edenham I 

Lefergue Revd. Mr. 


Marsh Mr. 

Swayfield I 

Lucas Revd. Mr. 


Lington John L. 
Linton Jno. 


Nelthorpe Mrs. 

Louth I 


Neve Mr. 

II ' 

♦ " Bennett Langton," the well-known 

friend of Dr. Johnson, also occurs in this 

return under Middlesex ; Great Welbec 

k Street is there given as his place of 

residence, and he is 

taxed for four male s( 

srvants. The names 

of other prominent 

Lincolnshire families would no doubt 


) be found under Middlesex or Westminster, 

if they had London houses. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 205 


Neale Jno. 
Neekham Chat. 
Northton Mrs. 
Newton Jno. 
Newton Michl. 
Nottingham Revd. 

Nelthorpc Mr. 
Nelthorpe Sir Jno. 
Neville Ch. 
Neville Mrs. 
Nocton Revd. Mr. 
Newton Jno. 

Olderahaw Dr. 
Obinton Mist 

No. of 

Pennington Mr. 
Penhall Mrs. 
Peerson A., Esqr. 
Petch Mr. 
Pettiner Mr. 
PhtUips T. 
Pilkington G. 
Palmer Stepn. 
Pilkington Mr. 
Price J. 

Purkes Revd. Mr. 
Procter Mrs. 
Powell Lewis 
Pilgrim Thos. 
Preston Caleb 
Pacey Mrs. 
Pacey H. B. 
Partridge Rev. Mr. 
Preston Saml. 
Pinder Mr. 
Patteson Mr. 
Pinder Mrs. 
Parkinson Mr. 
Peters Robt. 
Porter Revd. Mr. 
Palmer Cowley 
Pamell Mr. 
Pctery Dr. 
Pawson Mrs. 
Parke Mr. 
Palmer Revd. Dr. 
Percival Hon. £. 
Prince Wm. 
Pugh Revd. Mr. 
Pochin Geo. 
Pare Jos. 
Pennyman Wm. 



Kirkbv Lay- 

Close of Lincoln 
















Holton, West 






Bail of Lincoln 

Close of Lincoln 



North Rauceby 

Little Penton 








Robinson Mr. 
Rocklifie Mr. 
Rockliffe Revd. Mr. 
Robinson Jos. 
Russell Mrs. 
Richards Mr. 
Rowland Mr. 
Richmond Mr. 
Ridghill Revd. Mr. 
Roberts John 
Reynold Revd. Mr. 
Raby Mr. 

Rowland Revd. Mr. 
Rowland Revd. Mr. 
i^oe Jno. 
ReUil Mr. 
Rugley Mr. 
Robinson R. 
Reynardson Sam. 


Place. No. of 
Louth I 

Ashby West I 

Roughton 2 

Stamford i 

» I 

Spalding 2 

Barton i 

Welboum 2 

Bransby i 

Close of Lincoln 2 

Grantham I 

Little Ponton z 

Booth by Pagnall 2 

Ancaster 1 

Broughton I 

Folkingham i 

Harmsthorpe 2 

Hollywell and 

Hunby 6 

Stovins Ricd. 
Sewell Mr. 
Scrope F. Jas. 
Stopford Rev. Mr. 
Stevenson Mr. 
Soulby Chas. 
Soulby Edwd. 
Smith Jno. 
Satchem Wm. 
Sanderson Mr. 
Stevens Mr. 
Shaw Revd. Dr. 
Shepherd Rent. 
Stevin Revd. Mr. 
Stevin Corns. 
Steer Mrs. 
Stovin Mr. 
Stovin Mr. 
Smith Thos. 

Smith Revd. Mr. 

Surtivant Mr. 

Sanderson Mrs. 

Scholey Mr. 

Summerscales Jno. 

Searle Revd. Mr. 

Shuttleworth Mr. 

Scott Mr. 

Spencer Lord 

Scrop Thos. 

Simpson Revd. Mr. 

Swan Henry 

Sibthorp Mr. 

Storer Dr. 

Shepperd Dr. 

Withem I 

Skid brook i 

Cockington 3 

Louth I 

Homcastle i 

Edlington 2 

Stamford I 

Pinchbeck I 

Spalding I 

Wybcrton 5 

Wrangle % 

Belton I 

It a 


Crowle I 

Winterton i 

Gainsboro' i 

Scottor I 

Brigg I 

Barton i 

Caistor i 

Ravendale, East 3 

Tetney i 

Market Raisin i 

t, X 

Dunston i 

Coleby 4 

Close of Lincoln i 

Lincoln i 

Canwick 2 

Grantham i 



2o6 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


Storer Revd. Dr. 
SenUnce Mr. 
Smith Revd. Mr. 
Smith Revd. Mr. 
Smith Edward 
Smith Geo. 
Smith Mr. 
Schuts Revd. Dr. 
Smith's (aej 

Thorold Mr. 
Thonld Dr. 
Toller Revd. Mr. 
Tyton Revd. Mr. 
TroUope Sir Thos. 
Trimmell Mrs. 
Tumiard John 
Thompson Ker. 
Thirlull Frs. 
Tunnard Ssml. 
Teasdale Jos. 
Thompson Revd. Mr 
TwcU Iris 
Thornton Samuel 
Tong Mr, 
Tomlinson Mr. 
Thorold Sir John 

Thorrald Mrs. 
Trevor Revd. Mr. 
Tennison Mr. 
Turner Mr. 
Thompson Robt. 
Tomline Mr. 
Thorrold Mr. 
Thorrald Revd. Mr. 
Tennyson Mr. 
Thorrold Saml. 
Turner £dmd. 
Thorrold Mr. 
Twentyman Revd. 

Taylor Mr. 
Town Mr. 
Town Revd. Mr. 
Twells Revd. Mr. 
Thorrold Geo. 
Thompson Mr. 
Tttbney Mr. 
Tonge Revd. Mr. 

Uppleby Jno. 

No. of 



Gt. Ponton 

Burton Goggles 











• II 















Market Raisin 

Harmston 5 

Panton lo 

Bail of Lincoln 2 

Close of Lincoln I 

.1 I 

Grantham I 

Little Ponton x 

Sedgebrook 2 

Cranwell 5 

Bourn I 

Billingboro' I 

Morton I 

Wootton 2 


Vyncr Robt 
Veneil Mr. 
Vere Lady 

Wayet Thos. 
Wood Wm. 
Wellfleet Mr. 
WeUfleet Mr. 
WaUby Mr. 
Wright Ricd. 
Watts Revd. Mr. 
Wrigglesworth A. 
Wayet Mr. 
White Revd. Mr. 
Wells Mr. 
Wilberfoss Revd. 

Wingfield Mrs. 
Wyche Jno. 
WoodrofFe Mrs. 
Ward Henry 
Walker Rev. Dr. 
WUlis Revd. Dr. 
Williamson Revd. 

Wilkinson Mr. 
Worrall Mr. 
Wallett Gto. 
Wright Wm. 
Wright Jno. 
Wilson Henry 
Wilby Jno. 
Whichcote Sir Chr. 
Wilby Robt 
Wilby Revd. Mr. 
Wayett Jno. 
Wright Thos. 
Ward Jno. 
Wigglesworth Mr. 
WilUs Revd. Mr. 
Watkinson Mr. 
Weatheralls Messrs. 
Wilberfoss Robt 
Wells Revd. Dr. 
Ward Jas. 
Wray Sir Cecil 
Watkins Mr. 
Watson Mr. 
Wray Chas. 
Weston Mrs. 
Wright Revd. Mr. 
Winship Mr. 
Wheatley Mr. 

Place. No. of 

«* - 


Oaotby I 

Close of Lincoln 
















James Deeping 




Sutton St Mary 



















Claxby, Sec. 

* Blank in original. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 



Whitcombe Mr. 
WaUon Mr. 
Whichcot Frant. 
Welby Mr. 
Walsh Geo. 
Ward Revd. Mr. 
Wells Revd. Dr. 
White Mr. 
Willis Revd. Dr. 
Ward Revd. Mr. 
Wills Eliz. 

Place, No, of 
Wailsby I 

Orimsby I 

Thorp Tinley 3 
Welboum a 

Buslingthorpe I 
Faldingworth I 
Willingham 2 
Close of Lincoln z 





Weatherall Wm. 
White Revd. Mr. 
Welby Wm. 
Welby Wm. 
Wrigglesworth Mr. 
White Revd. Mr. 
Weatherhead Revd. 

Wigglesworth Mr. 

Younger Mrs. 



Denton 7 

Allington 5 

New Sleaford i 
Lonton Se Hanby I 

Appleby I 

Louth I 

Wainfleet I 

113. The Revd. John Carter. — ^In a paper on Lincoln 
Cathedral Choir, which I wrote for the Architectural Society, 
and which is in the Vol. for 1892, I mention the Revd. John 
Carter as having been admitted Senior, or Priest Vicar, 3 May, 
1787, but as having resigned his post 7 Feb., 1788. 

I did not know that he was the husband of the Mrs. Carter 
who illustrated books, and who eventually, in her issue, became 
heiress of the Vavasour family of Weston Hall in Yorkshire. 
Some MS. notes of the late Mr. E. J. Willson supply additional 
information. He writes, ^'This gentleman was appointed to a 
situation in the Cathedral Choir, as one of the Vicars, by the 
interest of the Dean, Sir Richard Kaye, Bart., to whom Mr. 
Carter was related ; and whilst he continued in this office he 
began to make a collection of historical notices, intending to 
publish them. Afterwards he became dissatisfied with his 
situation, and procured the mastership of the Grammar School, 
which he filled during almost 30 years. This change 
displeased Mr. Carter's friend, the Dean, and appears to have 
prevented his completing the history of Lincoln, for which 
however he kept coUedting some additional matter down to the 
term of his life ; though he had laid aside the intention of 
putting his papers to press. Sir Joseph Banks is said to have 
discouraged Mr. Carter from going on with the History of 
Lincoln, and perhaps did so by denying him any assistance, 
but his own want of diligence and determination more strongly 
opposed the work than any want of patronage. These collec- 
tions were never digested into regular order, nor did Mr. Carter 
compose anything of the history or description of Lincoln 
further than some detached accounts of the discoveries of 
Roman sepulchres, etc. Mr. Carter was esteemed a good 
classical scholar, but seems not to have possessed the necessary 
qualifications of a good local historian. Nevertheless, his 


2o8 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

giving up the intention of publishing a History of Lincoln is 
to be lamented, as he enjoyed many advantages, and knew 
Lincoln before some of its most curious remains of antiquity 
were sacrificed to more modern alterations. And of these 
some have perished without being represented in any print or 

From other sources I have learnt that he was originally a 
curate in the neighbourhood of Weston Hall, and succeeded in 
winning the aiFedions of Miss Vavasour, and marrying her, in 
spite of the opposition of her family. Mr. and Mrs. Carter 
came to Lincoln and lived in a very simple way. The late 
Mrs. Betham told me that her mother went to call on them 
and found them lodging in a saddler's shop in Broadgate, 
sharing their landlord's dinner ! Their son Tohn Carter 
matriculated at Lincoln College, Oxford, 27 April, 1808, agnl 
18. Another son, William Elmsall Carter, according to 
Mr. Willson, died in 1834 at a farm near Retford. Mrs. 
Carter has a place in the Diciionary of National biography. 
Mr. Carter was an F.S.A. His collections relating to Lincoln 
were mainly extra£b from the Municipal Records and printed 

A. R. Maddison. 

114. Mural Tablet in Scamblesby Church. — Within 
the altar rails on the N. side of the Chancel wall of this 
Church is a plain mural tablet containing the inscription given 
below, which, from its auaint admixture of questionable Latin 
and hardly less intelligible English, seems to be worth preserving 
as a literary curiosity. It will be noticed that no date is given 
and that the letters N and I in COPNIGERORVM have 
been transposed. It is well known that a member of the 
Thorndike family left to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln 
certain lands in trust for the foundation of a Perpetual Curacy 
in Scamblesby, and it appears from information most courteously 
supplied by the authorities of the Herald's College that 
^'Francis Thorndike of Scamblesby married for his second 
wife Margaret daur. of Henry Coppinger of Lavenham, co. 
Suffolk. She was buried at Scamblesby 30*** Dec'. 1629.** As 
this is undoubtedly the lady to whose memory the ublet in 
question was ere£ted, it may be safely assumed that a mistake 
was made by the engraver, and that what appears as 
COPNIGERORVM ought to have been COPINGER- 
ORVM. The following, however, is an exa£t reprodudion 


Ltncolnshire Notes & ^eries. 209 

of the inscription, the Latin portion of which I have ventured 
to give below in conventional English : — 







^' Sacred to the memory of Margaret who was the daughter 
of Henry Coppinger and a member of the distinguished family 
of that name in Rent. From her earliest years she imbibed 
a spirit of piety becoming her station, and she religiously 
observed her marriage vow. At a time when she was herself 
suffering from grievous sickness, she bore as became a christian 
Gentlewoman the death of three of her children, Henry, 
Thomas, and Ann, and leaving a fourth child surviving, she 
gladly accepted a summons to join her God. 

"This marble stone was erefted to a dearly-loved wife by 
the most sorrowing of husbands Francis Thorndike." 

Scriyelsby Re£fory, S. L. 

115. King Richard II, and his 'Supporters.' — In 
Canon Lodge's interesting and handsome volume Scrhehby^ the 
period of Richard II. becomes naturally an interesting epoch, 
the first Dymoks Champion having officiated at the Coronation 
of that poorly-deserving but ill-fated monarch, in Westminster 
Hall, the building which it was his pride (having been built by 
King John 300 years before) to restore, enlarge, and adorn, 
from a very ruinated condition, and in which the concluding^ as 
well as the opening, ceremony of his reign took place, viz. his 
Deposition, by the first Parliament there assembled after the re- 
building; — the * Renouncement,' as it was called, being read (the 
King himself being absent) by the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Heralds inform us, apropos of shields and supporters, that 
Rich. II. took for his supporters two angeb \ and a plate in 
Rapin's HUt, gives this King's shield of arms, ^ith such 
supporters. It would seem that he was the nrst to use 

Vol. 4. o supporters. 

2IO Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

supporters. Plates of earlier monarchs give their arms mtbmt 
such appendages. It may have occurred to others (besides 
myself) that when Shakespeare puts into the mouth of this 
Kmg, nerving himself as much as possible against the fatal 
rising of Bolingbroke, these remarkable words, 

(Act iii., Sc. ii.) " For everv man that Bolingbroke hath prest'd 

To lift ihrewd steel against our golden crown, 
God for Hit Richard hath in heavenly pay 
A glorious Angel — then, if Angels fight, 
Weak men must &11." 

it is something more than a poetical idea. We may suppose 
the poet — whom nothing escaped and nothing noticeable passed 
without allusion — may have had his attention drawn in some 
way, by history or representation, to the actual fa£t, and that 
he thus nobly utilized it. Another matter, small no doubt in 
itself, in regard to his treatment of this monarch, may be worth 
mentioning. The poet puts into the King's mouth at least tvi^o 
striking references to the holy Oil of his royal anointing, one 
in the passage just cited — 

** Not all the water in the rough rude sea 
Can wash the balm off from an anointed King," 

and again, iv. i. — 

^ With mine own tears I wash away my balm— 
With mine own hands I give away my crown/* 

Probably he might have so treated any king, in similar plight. 
The same Rapin, however, gives a remarkable story, for what 
it is worth, concerning a special oil, of peculiar holiness — its 
history and vicissitudes, — on which several Kings set great store. 
Rich. II. among them, and with which he was aduallv 
anointed. It was given, as a very precious thine, to the Black 
Prince, his father. When he left England for Ireland, late in his 
reign, taking with him, to the disgust of his subjeSs, the crown 
jewels, he took the stone bottle, richly ornamented, containing 
this oil, along with him. 

The Palmer who had brought it from the Holy Land had 
prophesied that the Kings who should be anointed with it 
should be 'great defenders of God's Church,' a prophecy (Rapin 
thinks) hardly carried out by the result. Henry IV. (Boling- 
broke) and Henry V. were both anointed with it. 

Bigby ReSfory. Thos. Fibld, B.D. 

1 1 6. Dymokes of Friskney and Fulletby: Inqui- 
sitions. — Most probably Sir John Dymoke, who married 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 2 1 1 

the daughter of Sir Thomas Friskney, was the son of 
Sir John Dymoke of Scrivelsbv and Margaret Ludlow. 
The first notice I have found of him is in a fine of 4 Henry 
IV. (1403). 

Feet of Fines. Lincoln. Case 13 (35). 

" Final agreement between Thomas de Welleburne, 
clerk, and (others) Pi's and William Spaigne of 
Boston and Katherine his wife and John Dymmok 
of Screvelby and Isabella his wife Deforciants t>f the 
manor of fiolethby and of the advowson of 2 parts 
of the Church of fFolethby. W". Spaigne and 
(wife^, and John Dymmok and (wife), remise and 
quitclaim the s^ manor &c. for themselves and the 
heirs of Katherine and Isabella to Thomas &c.'' 

This looks as if Katherine daughter and co-heir of Sir 
Thomas Friskney, married Wm. Spaigne, but died without 
issue, leaving her sister Isabella sole heir to her father. Lady 
Isabella, relift of Sir Thomas Friskney, knt., presented to two 
parts of the Church of Fulletby in 1421, but must have died 
soon afterwards. In 10 Henry VI. (1432) "John Dymmok 
of Friskney e8q^ was seized of half a knight's fee in iFoletby." 
(Lay Subsidy roll HiO I" '4^^ John Dymmok of firyskeney 
senior presented to two parts of the Church of Fulletby. I 
suppose it would be his grandson whose Inquisition post 
m^tem follows, Thomas and Andrew (senior) being his sons. 

Chancery Inq. p. m. 15 Henry VII. No. 45 (1500.) 

" Inq. taken at Partney 6 061. 16 H. 7 (the jurors) 
say that Andrew Dymmok jun'. was seized on the 
day he died of i messuage, 8 cottages, 40 acres of 
arable land, 200 acres of pasture, 100 acres of marsh 
in iFryskeney : and of the manor of fFulleby on the 
hill (super montem), and of 4 messuages, 3 cottages, 
7 bovates of arable land, 40 acres of meadow, and 
100 acres of. pasture in the vill of fFulleby, and of 7 
messuages and i croft with appurtenances in Con'sby. 
They say that the manor of fFulleby was held in 
chief by knt. service ; and that Thomas fUtzwilliam 
knt, Andrew Dymmok sen', esq', and (others) were 
seized of all those lands &c. in the vills of Leek, 
Leverton, Benyngton, and Sybsey, which were 


212 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Thomas Dymmok's, father of the s* Andrew D 
jun'., and by charter lo Nov. 1 1 H. 7, granted them to 
the s^ Andrew D jun^ and Dorothea his wife to hold 
for life, and Dorothea survives. They say that the 
s' Andrew died 30 Jan. last, and that Thomas 
Dymmok is his son and next heir, and of the age of 
3 years and more." 

John Monson of S. Kelsey, esq., presented to Fulletbv in 
1505 and 1508 as guardian of the heir and lands of Andrew 
Dymmok whose mother he had married. Thomas Dymmok, 
esq., presented Christopher Massingberd in 1530. The 
Inquisition of Thomas Dymoke, esq., was taken at Lincoln 
Castle 4 May, 38 Henry VIII. 

Chancery Inq. p. m., 38 H. VIII. ist part. 

No. 131 (1546.) 

" They say that the s* Thomas Dymoke was seized 
of lands (as above) in firiskeney : and of the manor 
of fFulleby Sec : and of messuages, 100 acres arable 
land, 100 acres meadow, 300 acres pasture, and 10 
acres wood in Leke, Waynflete, Thorpe, flalding- 
worth, Halton, Wrangill, Leverton, Sybsey, Horn- 
castle, Maryng upon the Hill, Over Toynton, Nether 
Toynton, and Stepyng : and of the advowson of the 
chantries of Leke and Leverton : and made his Will 
3 Sept. 32 Henry 8, and died i Feb. last, and that 
William D. is his son and next heir and of the age 
of 30 years and more." 

William Dymoke of Friskney left a son and heir, Robert, 
who died without issue, leaving Anne his sister his heir, who 
married (i) Charles Bolle (2) Bartholomew Armyn, but died 
also without issue. And eventually Thomas Cracroft of 
Fulletby, esq., son of Prothasey daughter of Thomas Quadring 
of Irby, esq., and Margaret his wife, sister of \Villiam 
Dymoke esq., and aunt to Robert Dymoke and Mrs. Armyn, 
succeeded to the estates. The Inquisition of Robert Dymoke 
was taken at Lincoln 13 March, 36 Eliz. 

Chancery Inq. p. m. 36 Eliz. 2nd part. No. 82. 

" (The jurors) say that Robert Dymock esq', was 
seized of the manors of iFulletby and Belchfbrde, 
and of 9 messuages, 4 cottages, 200 acres arable land^ 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 213 

80 acres meadow, 200 acres pasture, i windmill, 
and I4*. 2*. rent in fFuUetby, Belchforde, Goulceby, 
and Donyngton, and of the advowson of the Church 
of fFuIletby : and of the manor of ffryskney and 
lands, and of 40 acres land &c. in Wrangell, and of 
50 acres in I'horpe, and of i messuage, i mill house, 
and 10 acres in Horncasteli, and of 10 acres in 
Nether Tointon, Upper Tointon, and Maryng, and 
of 3 cottages and 4 acres in Coningsby, and of 4 
messuages, 120 acres arable land, 100 acres marsh, 
and 2*. 11^. rent in Halton, Steeping, Pinchbecke, 
and Sybsey, and of 20 acres &c. in Waynflete, and 
of 2 messuages, 2 cottages, 200 acres arable, 100 
acres marsh, 2'. 3^. rent in Leeke, Leverton, and 
Benington, and of i messuage and 80 acres in 
flaldingworth, and of 2 messuages, i cottage, 100 
acres in N. Carlton, and of i messuage and 50 acres 
in Theddlethorp and Anderby, and of i messuage, 
I cottage, and 40 acres in Awthorpe and Swaby, and 
of 9 messuages &c., 90 acres, and 3'. rent in 
Bambrow, and of i messuage, i cottage, 50 acres, 
and 2*. 7*. rent in Sturton. They say that he died 
13^ Sept. last without issue, and that Anne Bolle, 
widow, late the wife of Charles Bolle esq', of Haugh 
is his only sister and next heir and of the age of 48 
years and more." 

W. O. M. 

117. Lincolnshire Records: Excerpts from the MS. 
Notes of the Late General Plantagenet Harrison 
(continued from Vol. IV., p. 106). 

Ryston. Alicia widow of Robert le Chamberling versus 
Roger le Chamberling : 3rd part of 2 bovats of land 
with appurtenances in Ryston as her dower and 3rd 
part of I bovat of land &c. in Herston as her dower. 
Defendant voc' ad war' Henry son and heir of 

24 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 10 Hen. IIL 

Merston. (887.) Cecilia widow of John le Chamberling 
versus William le Chamberling — dower i toft and J 
a bovat of land etc. in Merston. 

126 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 50 Hen. III. 


214 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Queringham. Matilda de Coryngham versus Petronella 
widow of Galfrid de Normanville 3rd part of 2 bovats 
of land Queringham as her dower. 

38 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 14 H. III. 

Byhamel. Matilda widow of William de Coleville versus 
Mag' de Sempringham : 3rd part one mill &c. in 
Byhamel, and versus Eliam de Coleville 3rd part of ^ 
bo vat of land and one toft &c. in Magna Byhamel 
and versus Ralph fil. Ralph et Elianore his wife 3rd 
part I bovat of land and i toft &c. in Byhamel, 
which plaintiff claims as her dower. 

37 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 15 Hen. III. 

Swinsted. Matilda widow of William de Coleville 
versus William de Coleville 3rd part i Icnt's. fee &c. 
in Swinsted as her dower. The defendant voc' ad 
war' Roger de Coleville. 





I I I I 

Roger William Henry Thomas 

(lands at (lands at 

Normanton By ham). 

CO. Leic). 

37 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 15 Hen. III. 

West rasene. (478.) Margeria widow of William de 
Croft versus Robert fil. William de Rasene, dower of 
3 pieces of land etc. in West rasene. 

61 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 27 Hen. III. 

Croft. (674.) Elena widow of William le Prevost, 
Thomas de Spridelington and Helewisa his wife 
Henry de Ulseley and Matilda his wife versus 
Thomas fil. William de Croft — 5 acres of land cum 
pertin', in Croft as the right of said Elena, Helewisa 
and Matilda. 

87 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 35 Hen. III. 

Normanton and Wylgely. (488.) Wymasca de Cley- 
pole and Ralph hi. John de Normanton, dower in 6 
car. of land etc. in Normanton and Wylgely. 

61 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 27 Hen. III. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries . 215 

(508.) Ralph de Camoys and Ascelina his wife 
versus Johan Wake — the custody of Ralph son and 
heir of Waleran de Mortuo Mari. 

62 Coram Rege Roll. 28 Hen. III. 

(512.) John de Cantilupe and Margeria his wife 
p. lo suo John de Preston vel Richard de Crisetoft 
versus Roger de Mogun, de pi' este 'mor. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

Sharneford. (512.) Ass'a ven rec si Robert de Clapton 
lather of Matilda wife of Robert de Normanton and 
Anne wife of John le Bere and Petronilla wife of 
Nicholas Baudwin and Alicia wife of Ralph de 
Merston died seised in his own right as of fee of i 
virgate of land etc. in Sharneford which Agnes wife 
of Robert de Clapton holds, who came and said that 
she had no claim to the said land except as dower by 
the gift of the said Robert. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

(l)=j=Robert de CIopton=j=(2) Agnes dau. & heir of 


MatiIda=Robert de Normanton. 

Matilda de Sharneford, 

Alice=Ralph de Erbiry. Petronilla=Nicholas Anne=Johnfil. Thomas. 

fil. Baldwin. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

Senerly. (512.) William de Charneles versus William 
de Charneles — i virgate of land in Senerly &c. 
Pledges — Richard fil. Arlward and Ernald de Sading- 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

Claxebv. (755.) Ass' ven rec si Roger fil. William Je 
Claxeby and Henry fil. William unjustly disseised 
Gilbert de Claxby de i toft half a bovat and 6^ 
acres of land cum pertin' in Claxeby. 

89 Coram Rege Roll. 36 Hen. III. 

(760.) William Croxton versus Everard SIcarlet 
I mark arrears of a rent charge of i mark per 

91 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 37 Hen. III. 


2 1 6 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Wulton. (765.) John de Curzon versus Simon de Veer 
touching I mes. 3 car. land and 32 sol. redd, cum 
pertin' in Wulton, made between said Simon and 
William de Curzon father of said John whose heir 
he is — adjourned. 

91 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 37 Hen. III. 

Coleby. (782.) Alice widow of Joceus de Coleby versus 
Robert de Scroop 3rd pt. of 3 bovats and 50 acres of 
land, I messuage 4 tofts i windmill and 4 sol. redd, in 
Coleby, et 3rd part 2 bovats of land and i toft cum 
pertin in Normanby, and 3rd part 2 bovats of land 
and 2 tofts etc. in Haytheby, and 3rd part i bovat of 
land I toft and 2 acres of land etc. in Wynterington, 
and 3rd part i toft cum pertin' in Burton, and 3rd part 
30000 turbas c. i)ertin' in Conyngeby, and 3rd part 2 
bovats of land cum pertin' in Ulfickeby, of i bovat 
of land and i toft cum pertin' in Walcot, and of 7 
bovats and 2 acres of land and i messuage 5 tofts and 
4 sol. redd, cum pertin' in Barton Co. Line, and 3rd 
part of 5 bovats of land and 5 tofts cum pertin' in 
Ficling Com. Ebor as her dower &c. And Robert 
came and surrendered to the Plaintiff all her dower 
in the said lands except 4^ bovats and 3 acres of land 
cum pertin in Barton super Humber in which she 
had no right of dower because those lands were 
given by Walter fil. Gilbert Escrop to one Agnes 
mother of the said Robert, whose heir he is, per 
cartam suam etc. 

93 Coram Rege Roll. 37 Hen. III. 


Alan de Cote8=F 


>D. t. p. 

IyetU=RBlph Bugan. 
Ob. t. p. 

116 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 46 Hen. III. 

John de Cotes= 



Richard de Rol 

Cotes. de Cotes. 

164 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 53 Hen. III. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 2 1 7 

Ouresby, etc. 

de Crakhale=r= 

I _ I 

John oh. s. p. leised in fee of 2 messuages -r-John de Cately 

and 12 bovats of land etc. in Ouresby | 

Kynnerley and Osgotely. John de Cately. 

ii6 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 46 Hen. III. 

(To be continued,) 

Rupert Upton. 

118. Records of Ancient Horncastle (continued from 
Vol. IV., p. 188).— 

Hundred Roll, Lincoln, No. 14, m. i. 

The soke of Horncastre, and the township of Castre, within 

the [liberty] art and claim to have' free, as they say, 

in Lmdeseye, in the County of Lincoln in the 3rd 

year of King Edward. [A.D. 1274-5]. 

The soke of Hornec[astle]. 

This is the Inquisition made at Lincoln by 12 jurors of the 
soke of Horncastle, before the lords William de St. Omery and 
Warin de Chawcumbe, Justices of the lord the king, assigned 
to enquire concerning the articles underwritten. Namely, by 
Thomas de Endereby,* Henry of the same, John de Mereby, 
Roger of the same, John de Willesby,t William de Marum,:( 
John de Holtham,§ Anselm de Rugthon, Thomas de Camera 
of Home [castle], Henry de Tynton, Henry West, of the 
same, and Theobald de Askeby. Afterwards by Robert de 
Tynton, Robert Paume, of Hornecastre, William Toby, of 
Enderby, Philip Bussel, of Marum, Thomas le Clerk, of 
Holtham, John le Clerk, of Askeby, Symon le Henkere : 
Who ... say that the lord Henrv [IL] the grandfather of 
King Henry [III.] the father of King Edward who now is, 
once had the manor of Hornecastle in his hand, and he 
enfeoffed Gerbald le Eschald, a certain knight of Flanders, 
thereof, for his service, namely, by doing the service of one 
knight's fee to the lord the king. And after the decease of the 
said Gerbald the said manor descended to Gerard de Rhodes 
his grandson (nepoti) and heir. And, after the decease of the 

* He is dead, f He is dead. X An infant. § He is dead. 


2 1 8 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

said Gerard de Rodes, it descended to Ralph de Rodes his son 
and heir, who held the said manor for a long time of the lord 
icing Henry [III.] the father of king Edward [1.] who now is, 
by the knight service of one knight's fee ; and he sold the said 
manor to Walter Mauclerc, formerly bishop of Carlisle, and 
his successors, of the gift and confirmation of the lord king 
Henry, the father of the now lord king Edward. And the 
lord Robert [de Chansey] bishop of Carlisle now holds the said 
manor as pertaining to his church of Carlisle. 

The soke of Hornc[astle], with the appurtenances, is 
entirely worth 40/1. by the year, except the churches pertaining 
to the said manor. 

Touching the fees of the lord the king and his tenants who 
now hold them of him in chief. They say that Gerard de 
Rodes, son of the aforesaid Ralph is mesne [lord] between the 
lord the king and the said bishop, and he defends the said 
manor against the lord the king by the service of one knight's 

Also how many hundreds, wapentakes and tithings are in 
the hand of the lord the king. 

They say that there are 7, namely, Candeleshow, Calsewath, 
Luthhesk, H vile, Hornecastle, Gayrretra, Wraghow, are in the 
hand of the lord the king . . . And the soke of Hornecastle 
is in the hand of the bishop of Carlisle, 

Touching suits, ancient customs, services, and other things 
withdrawn from the lord the king. 

They say that the abbot of Kyrkested withdrew himself 
from the suits of court, which suits he ought to do at the manor 
of Hornecastle from three weeks to three weeks for two 
carucates of land which he has in Newdowode and in Boke- 
land, and they are worth by the year xx//. At what time ; 
they say that in the time of Walter Mauclerk, bishop of 
Carlisle^ who had the manor of Hornecastle, but by what 
warrant they say that they do not know. 

They also say that the abbot of Revesby (he is dead) holds 
4 acres of land in the fields of Moreby, in the soke of 
Hornecastle, and they are worth by the year 3^. ; of which he 
was enfeoffed by Henry Bousergaute, of Enderby, and he 
withdrew himself from the suits of the court aforesaid from three 
weeks to three weeks, but by what warrant they say that they 
do not know. And such suits should belong to the King when 
the manor of Hornecastle might be in the lord the king's hand 
by the vacancy of the see of Carlisle. And the suits with- 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 2 1 9 

drawn are worth by the year 2s. from the time of bishop 

They say that the bishop of Carlisle has return of writs in 
the soke of Hornecastle, but they know not by what warrant. 
And the bailiffs of the same bishop hold pleas of forbidden 
distress in the court of Hornecastle, but by what warrant they 
say that they do not know. And he takes emends by the will 
of his bailif]^, but by what warrant they say that they know 

The bishop of Carlisle claims to have wayfF within the 
liberty of Hornecastle, but by what warrant they say that they 
know nothing. 

They say that the bishop of Carlisle claims to have warren 
throughout the whole soke of Hornecastle, but by what 
warrant they say that they know nothing. 

Also they say that the abbot of Kyrkested appropriated to 
himself warren throughout the whole common of La Wild- 
more which pertains to the soke of Hornecastle and Scrivelby, 
but at what time and by what warrant they say that they know 

They say that whilst Richard, son of Thomas de Thymelby 
was imprisoned at Lincoln, William Aster, then bailiff of 
Hornecastle, caused Alice the wife of the said Richard to come 
to his house in Hornecastle, and to make a certain charter in her 
husband's name to the use of the said William, and to seal the 
charter with her husband's seal, (he not knowing, because he 
was in prison) of 4 acres of land, by the power of his office, 
which he vet has and withholds to the harm of the said 
Richard of^ two marks, ten years now elapsed, but by what 
warrant they say that they know nothing. 

They say that William Aster, bailiff of Hornecastle, took 
from Henry, son of Robert de Enderby, 40J. before he would 
execute the command of the lord the king, which said 
command the same Henry obtained against Richard, son 
of Henry de Tynton ; that is to say, a writ of the lord the 
king for the delivery of charters. At what time ; they say in 
the time of King Henry, the father of the now King 

They say that the bailiffs of the earl of Lincoln at Buling- 
broc, to wit, Robert, son of Hervisia, and his sub-bailiSs 
keeping the West-fen next Le Wildmore, take and cause to 
take the cattle of the tenants of the soke of Hornecastle until 
they make redemptions for their cattle by the will of the same, 


220 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

where all the tenants of the soke were wont to communicate 
with their cattle, to the damage of the soke looi. by the year 
• • . And this in the time of the earl of Lincoln who now 
is, and at no other time of his predecessors, but by what 
warrant they say that they know nothing. 

Patent Roll, 4 Edward I., m. 17 (22). 

[A.D. 1275-6.] 

John de Reygate and William de Northbursh are assigned 
to take the assize of novel disseisin which Gilbert de Milley 
arraigned against William Aster, and Amicia late the wife of 
William Aster, touching a tenement in Horncastle. 

M. 27 (76). 

The same are assigned to take the assize of mort dancestor 
which Robert Turry, of Horncastre, arraigned against John 
Turry and others touching a messuage and land in Horncastre. 

M. 28 (37). 

The same are assigned to take the assize of novel disseisin 
which Alan, son of Henry le Writhe, of Horncastle, and 
Matilda his wife arraigned against Geoffrey le Marescal and 
others touching a tenement in Horncastle. 

M. 8 d. (50). 

The same are assigned to take the assize of novel disseisin 
which Alice, the daughter of Simon Laurot arraigned against 
Hugh, parson of the church of Horncastle, and others, 
touching a tenement in Horncastle. 

Assize Roll, Lincoln, 3 > 3, m. 8 d. 

Assizes at Lincoln, on Saturday next before the Quindene 
of S*. Michael, 4 Edw. L [10 Oft., A.D. 1276.] 

The assize of novel disseisin between Alice, daughter of 
Simon Laurot, of Hornecastre, plaintiff^ and Hugh de la Penne,* 
parson of the church of Hornecastre, and others, touching 
tenements in Hornecastre, is put in respite until Monday 
next after the Feast of the Purification. 

* Redor of Horncastle. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 221 

M. II d. 

The assize came to recognise if Robert, son of William 
Aster, of Hornecastre, Amicia who was the wife of William 
Aster, and William Le Caretter unjustly, &c., disseised 
Gilbert de Mylley, of Gaukwell, of his n'ee tenement in 
Hornecastre, &c. And wherefore he complains that they 
disseised him of one messuage, with the appurtenances. And 
William Le Caretter did not come, nor was he attached 
because he was not found. Therefore let the assize be taken 
against him by default. 

And Amicia comes and says that the aforesaid messuage 
was the right and inheritance of a certain William Aster, 
formerly her husband, &c. 

It is considered that the aforesaid Gilbert should recover his 
seisin, &c., and Robert and the others are in mercy for 

(To hi continued). W. Boyd. 


119. St. Michael's, Boston (Vol. IV., p. 189). — In the 
will of S' Rauf Rochfort, Kn*, 1440 [PCC 27 LufFenam] 
mention is made of the Church of St. Michael in le Fennepropi 
Boston^ and in two Skirbeck deeds in my possession, in the 
the first, dated i July, 2 Hen. V., 141 4, one of the parties to 
the deed is described as Alanum Warwyk de Fenne juxta 
Boston^ and in the second deed dated 10 Od. 6 Hen. VI. 1427 
one Thoma Cartere de fenne in parochia de Boston is mentioned. 
Thompson's Hist. Soston^ 4to., 1820, p. 210, states, "The 
unenclosed fen did, within the memory of man, extend very 
nearly to the northern extremity of West street, the entrance 
into it was by a gate called the Fen-gate." In the same work, 
p. 202, Thompson says of St. John's Church, "scarcely 
anything is known of this building although Leland says it was 
the chief parish church, St. Botolph's being only a chapel of 
ease to it, and that it was in existence when he wrote 1530- 
1540." From this one can only conclude that the Church of 
St. Michael was in the fen in the parish of Boston, but like St. 
John's has entirely disappeared. 

12, St. George* s Square^ NJV. W. H. Smith. 


222 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


Thi Baptismal^ Marriage^ and Burial Registers of the Tarish 
of Horblingy in the county of Lincoln^ from 1653 ^^ ^^37* 
Transcribed and edited by Henry Peet, F.S.A. Liverpool : 
Thomas Brackell, Limited, Dale Street. London : Mitchell 
& Hughes, Wardour Street. 1895. 8vo., pp. xxviii., 203. 

It is quite refreshing to take up another printed Register of 
a Lincolnshire parish : the county simply abounds in splendid 
Registers, in manuscript, some twenty-five or twenty-six 
commencing at the earliest possible date, 1538, but of those 
which have been printed what a falling off is there : they come 
like a good English summer, very seldom and hx between, but 
received with gladness when they do come, so that everybody 
who prints one of our parish Registers ought to be in some 
degree regarded as a public bene&dlor, not only to the county^ 
but to the community at large. The interest in genealogy is 
increasing yearly, the middle class is becoming more prone to 
learn something of their fore-elders than to pride themselves on 
being self-made men, but for lack of parish Registers their 
quest would be in vain. On this point it would be as well to 
quote what the Bishop of Oxford says in the pre&ce to the 
Registers of St. Mary's, Reading, lately printed : " The Parish 
Registers are the treasury of middle-class genealogy. I know 
that it is said that the whole subje<Sl is a weakness and a 
delusion, a sort of flunkeyism and a sham : that even if it is 
pardonable for a great family to take pride in illustrious 
ancestry, it is but a silly and unpardonable imitation of a 
pardonable folly to try to trace back the births, deaths, and 
marriages of the uninteresting ancestors of uninteresting people. 
I confess that I do not see the force of the objedion. The 
subscribers to Lines. N. i^ ^ will undoubtedly as a whole 
agree with his Lordship ; it is only logical to suppose they pay 
their annual subsidy in order to gain a knowledge of the past 
history of the county and of their forefethers. Mr. Peet gives 
us xxviii. pages of interesting preface, which include the 
Monumental Tablets in the Church, all more or less modern, 
but which in times to come will no doubt be sought after ; also 
a list of the Vicars of Horbling from A.D. 1222, from the 
Institutions in the Bishbps' Registers : these lists are very 
valuable as paving the way to a calendar of the clergy of the 
county in times past. Mr. Peet complains (p. xiii.) there are 
" no bright touches which enliven the pages of other registers.** 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 223 

We might instance for example the Register of St. Botolph, 
Aldgate, London, where the clerk on one occasion (1622) dubs 
the newly-married pair ^* a couple of old fools," and in another 
case (161 7) says that the bridegroom *^ John Collier a musition 
of Beare Alley . . . who had continewed a heavie widower 
the space of three whole weekes did cheare uppe his spirits 
againe and was maried (by banns) to one Agnes Swayne a 
widow," and that ^^ he would have bene maried sooner but that 
he was loth to be at the charg of a licence.'* At p. xviii. is a 
list of Horbling transcripts in the Alnwick Tower j is this 
given to tantalise us? There are fifty transcripts com- 
mencing with the year 1561 which ought to have been 
transcribed in full, and given in the volume before us : " when 
found, make a note of," says Captain Cuttle, and the adage 
holds good, especially in regard to transcripts of Registers which 
come to be overhauled by successive searchers each intent on 
finding some particular entry, but not so particular in putting 
the transcripts in order again. To continue with the Preface. 
The M.I. to Jane, uxor JEdw*. Brown, p. xxiii., the lady loses 
all claim to fame if described as ^^ mater /redecem liberorum," 
deprived of her thirteen children at a blow ! " The Ten 
Commandements " and '^A Compendium of the Christian 
Beliefe," both in verse, presumably by Dr. Jonathan Cateline, 
^* Indignus Ibidem Minister," instituted 18 May, 166^, are on 
the fly-leaf facing the first page of the Register. Mr. Peet 
sap, ^^ these registers do not add much substantial material to 
the history of the county. They are, on the whole, 
disappointing." We confess we do not altogether agree with 
him, although it is not in human nature to be content with 
what we have got, still had Mr. Peet &iled to obtain the entries 
relating to his ancestors because the Register was lost, we hncy 
his disappointment would have been much greater than it is. 
At p. 17 of the Register, this entry occurs, " 1668 Aug. 26, 
Matthew, daughter (?) of widow Foster," buried ; this is far 
from being a unique instance of the christian name Matthew 
being bestowed upon a female, the wills at Somerset House 
furnish several examples where the fair sex have been given the 
names of Mathew, Richard, Philip, Julian, Amyas, and Francis ; 
these may be the ancestors of the new women who have 
lately arisen ? Of the other sex there are cases where men 
have the female names of Millicent, Mary, and Ann. The 
volume has full indexes of names, but it is to be hoped that the 
day is not hr distant when an index of places will be considered 


224 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

indispensable in a publication of this charader. While very 
grateful to Mr. Peet for what he has given us, we trust he wiU 
see his way to print all the transcripts of the parish of 
Horbling that he can find, before time has made confusion 
worse confounded among them. 


Precentor Venables. — ^The death of the Revd. Edmund 
Venables, Precentor of the Cathedral, has been a distind 
loss to the cause of Archaeology and Architecture in the 
Diocese. It is needless here to speak of his personal character, 
which has had justice done to it in the Guardian^ and the 
Diocesan Maga%ine^ but it would be an omission not to bear 
witness to the service he has done to the Cathedra] from an 
architectural and historical point of view. 

We may truthfully afErm that his "Walk through Lincoln** 
served to stimulate the popular interest in antiquities which 
would otherwise have been negleded. He had a singularly 
accurate and retentive memory, and overflowed with informa- 
tion on all archaeological subjeCb. 

When but a boy his taste for such things began to show 
itself, and his pocket money was devoted to buying architec- 
tural books. Brought to Lincoln by the patronage of Bishop 
Jackson, his tastes found congenial soil for development in the 
Cathedral. It is no exaggeration to say that there was hardly 
a nook or corner which he had not explored. 

The index of the Archite£fural Society bears witness, in a 
long list of papers, to the interest he took in Architecture. 

Beyond these he had not given much to the world. A 
popular short history of Ventnor and its surroundings ; the 
editing of Bleek's Introdu^fion to the Old Testament ; articles in 
Smiths Dictionaries of the Vible^ Christian Antiquities^ and 
Christian Biography^ and in the DiSfionary of National 
biography ; besides many notices in the Guardian ; these 
constitute for the most part his Bibliography. There was no 
Magnum Opus, Had he lived longer it is possible he might 
have done something on a larger scale \ but he was so con- 
stantly engaged in writing newspaper and magazine articles 
that It is extremely doubtful whether he could have found 
time to concentrate his powers on one single objeCt. 

The Architectural Society has indeed reason to lament his 
loss, and a better guide round the Cathedral will be sought 
in vain. 



Notes & Queries. 

EPULCHRAL Stones at Miningsby, 
ETC.— Mr. J. Romilly Alien says, in 
reply to my letter enclosing the sketch 
opposite: "The slabs at Miningsby and 
Mavis Enderby are evidently of frt- 
Norman type* the former being a par- 
ticularly fine specimen ; the hgure of 
eight knot seems to have been a favourite 
one in Central and Eastern England. 
There is a good example at St. Peter's, Northampton, and I 
came across another, not long ago, at Ramesbury in Wiltshire. 
"The se£Hon of the moulding of the fragment at Lusby 
has a decidedly Norman look about it, but on the other hand 
the frill ornament is either Saxon\ or, I should say, at all 
events, a survival fi-om Saxon times." 

There seems to have been three kinds of Christian sepulchral 
s before the Norman conquest. 

I. A rude pillar stone, distinguished Irom that formerly 
marking a heathen grave by having a cross cut on it, then a 

* Not DeccMarily of pre-KonnaD dai, u there wii ■ revini of SuoD onameot 
in 1090, which luted (u into the twelfth century in iDine plicei, 

f Then ii a keyhole window, which tcemi of very eirly date, in the North 
chance] wall ; and Mr. C. O. Smith, in hii Dtmtulaj BtA if Utalialiiri, Mya, 
[■ge 111, "There ii a church and priett at L*iebi" (Lutby). 

Vol. 4, — 'No. 32. October, f stone 

226 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

stone cut in the form of a cross, or else bearing a cross or 
other christian emblems (with or without an inscription) was 
placed at the head and foot of the grave. 

A very fine example of this kind was found two or three 
years ago built into the Old Manor House at Harmston,* 
which is now preserved at Harmston Hall. 

It has on the fiice Christ on the cross, with the Virgin on 
the right and St. John on the left, with interlacement over 
each arm of the cross, and below it two broader interlaced 
bands. On the back, within an oval, is Christ rising from the 
dead, feet and body as if bound by grave clothes, but arms 
free; below, two similar interlaced bands to those on the face; at 
the sides zigzag ornament, and at three of the corners cable 
moulding, the fourth being cut away. 

IL A flat stone, more or less ornamented, was placed 
over the grave, but was not used originally as a lid to a coffin. 
The finest example of this kind was found when the West 
wall of the North transept of Peterborough Cathedral was 
underpinned in 1888, with the base of an upright stone at its 
foot, thus connefUng it with the L kind of sepulchral 

III. Instead of being flat as at Miningsby, the stone is 
coped as at Mavis Enderby. I believe there is no shrine- 
shaped monument in Lincolnshire, that in Peterborough 
Cathedral being the nearest ; nor is there a hoebacked stone — 
that is, with the centre of the top of the copmg higher than 
its ends, which are usually grasped by the forefeet of an 
animal, — the nearest example of which to Lincolnshire is at 
Hickling Church, Nottinghamshire. Both the shrine and 
hogbacked are developments, so to speak, of the ordinary 
coped stone monument. 

As regards interlaced work, Mr. J. Romilly Allenf says : 
'^Interlaced work may be defined as ornament composed of 
narrow bands or cords following intricate curved paths so as to 
cover a whole surfiice, and overlapping each other at regular 

'^ Interlaced work may be divided into the four following 
classes : i, that consisting of looped bands ; 2, of twisted 
bands ; 3, of plaited bands ; 4, of knotted bands. 

* "There ii a church and priest at Hermdettune " (Harmstoo). — DomtsJdy Baek^ 
Unnhukirt^ page 83. 

f Mommental Hittory of the BritisA Ckwek, page I49. 



Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 227 

** These interlacements may have been introduced into 
Ireland, where they far surpass any found in Great Britain, 
with the early MSS. of the Gospels, to be developed and 
improved by Irish illuminators. 

^Some fanciful theorists believe the interlaced work was 
copied from the designs on Roman pavements, forgetting that 
in Ireland, where it was most largely used, Roman buildings 
are conspicuous by their absence. Others see a resemblance 
between the interlaced patterns and basket work or wattlework. 
It is far more probable that this kind of ornament came from 
the East at the time when Byzantium was the capital of the 
Roman Empire. 

^^The Nestorian Christians use interlaced work at the 
present day in the decoration of their MSS., churches, and 
sepulchral monuments, exadly in the same way as the Irish 
Christians did in the seventh century. The Nestorians, 
owin^ to the remoteness of their situation, have thus retained 
the old style of art, which at one time was common all over 

'^ Much light may be thrown on the art of ancient Ireland 
by comparing it with that of other branches of the Eastern 
cnurch, such as the Coptic and the Abyssinian. 

^^ Interlaced work is not by any means confined to Great 
Britain and Ireland, for it is found on the sculptured stone- 
work of churches in Italy, Dalmatia, Greece, France, and 
Northern Europe, as well as in Saxon, Carlovingian, Lombardic 
and Spanish MSS." 

Before giving the dimensions of the three stones, I may add 
interlaced work was a favourite ornament in Hittite art — see 
the illustration of a very ancient seal in the Archaobgical 
Journal^ vol. 44, page 348. 

I. The Minings by''^ slab, now placed against the North 
chancel wall, is 44 inches long by 19^ mches wide, and 
6 inches thick. 

II. The Lusby\ fhi8;ment is 7 inches long by 5 inches 
wide, and 3^ inches thick, and is now with other fragments in 
a box outside the North wall of Nave. 

• Miniagiby U ttz milei S.W. of Spilaby and the ume diiUnce S.£. of 

f Luiby it four and a half miles W.N.W. of Spilsby. 


228 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

IIL The Mavis Enderby* coped slab is 52 inches long, 20 
inches broad, and over 6 inches thick (how much thicker I 
could not discover). The interlaced work is on the remains 
of the coping, as the sketch shows, and also the angle of 
inclination, 36 degrees. The top of the stone has been cut 
ofF, and also one side, to make a step for the West door of the 

James A. Penny, 

121. Some Early Charters relating to Tetford. — 
In the Registrum Antiquissimum in the Muniment room of the 
Dean and Chapter of Lincoln amongst other most interesting 
charters are some relating to Tetford, of which I have these 

^ I Robert de Hesele have granted &c. one toft with a croft, 
and one 'gaire,' and the third selion from the 'gaire' on the 
west part, which ^gaire' and selion abut on the same toft 
which Alured son of Toke held in the vill of Teford &c. 

Witnesses: William son of Alured de Teford, Robert son 
of Gilbert &c." 

''Know &c. that I Robert de Hesele confirm the grant of 
the toft, which lies on the side of the way against the toft 
which John my fiither gave to the church of S. Mary of 
Teford, and half a bovate of land &c. 

Witnesses : William son of Aufred, Robert son of Gilbert, 
Robert his son, Symon son of Gilbert, and John his brother, 
Robert son of William, and Philip his brother.'' 

Robert de Hesele gives '' i toft, 2 selions, and the turbaries 
which belong to the said toft, and in the territory of the said 
vill on the east 2 selions between land of William son of 
Alfred and land of Randof Furmage, and i selion in 
Ousterdale, &c. 

Witnesses : Alan son of Bernard, Robert son of Gilbert de 
Teford, William son of Alfred de Teford, Symon son of 
Gilbert, Randolf son of William de Teford, William Parson 
of Teford." 

The grants are in each case to the Canons of Lincoln to 
hold in pure and perpetual alms, and I saw a document which 
stated that amongst the '' fees of the Chapter of Lincoln ^ was 

* Mavif Enderby is three miles N.W. of Spilsby. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 229 

the "6*** part of a fee in Teford and elsewhere in the name of 
Robert son of William/' Testa de N^ill^ p. 336, tells us that 
"Robert de Hesela holds in Teford i Knight's fee of the Arch- 
bishop of York which Hugh de Nevill holds of him." This 
survey was certainly before a.d. i 224, but the mention of Alan 
son of Bernard, a witness to the last charter quoted, enables me 
to say almost for certain that that charter is before 1219, when 
Richard son of Alan presented to Bag Enderby, Alan being, it 
may be concluded, dead. The mention of Ousterdale is 
interesting because the name is still given to some land on the 
borders of Tetford and Ormsby. 

One of the charters tells us that the name of Robert de 
Hesele's fiither was John, but I know nothing more of him or 
his family, except that he endowed the church of Tetford with 
the toft mentioned in the same charter. Some notices of the 
family, or femilies, which took their name from the village of 
Tetford will be found in the History of Ormsby^ p. 188, but 
the names of the witnesses to the above charters tempt me to 
hazard some further remarks. 

Robert and Gilbert de Tetford, knights, who presented to 
the chapelry of Tetford in 1248, were, I suppose, the sons of 
Robert son of Gilbert de Tetford, a witness to all the above 
charters, his son Robert being a witness to one of them. In 
Testa de Nevill^ p. 332 (1232-7) it is stated that "Gilbert son 
of Robert holds in Tefford and Hormesby i fee of the Arch- 
bishop of York." 

Robert son of William de Tetford seems as much connected 
with Somersby as with Tetford, for he presented to the 
Church of Somersby in 1238 and 1248: I suppose that his 
father was the William son of Alured (Alfred) who is a witness 
to the charters. The Testa informs us that Robert son of 
William held his lands of Hugh fitz Ralph of the fee of 
Crevequer. The Lay Subsidy Roily 31 Edw. I., has this 
entry : " from Roger de Tetford holding ^ fee in Tetford 
which Robert son of William formerly held." 

In 1 3 14 William son of Roger de Teford presented to the 
moiety of the chapelry of S. Bartholomew of Teford. 

In 1336 and 1340, John son of William de Tetford, and 
William de Barkworth presented to the moiety of this 

W. O. M. 


230 Linco ins hire Notes & ^eries. 

122. The Mural Tablet, Scamblesby Church. — ^The 
learned and accomplished Redlor of Scrivelsby has undoubtedly 
laid readers of Lines, N, bf j^., whose tastes mav lie in the 
diredion of that particular branch of Archaeology, under 
real and considerable obligations — higher than be seems 
himself to have supposed — by the pains (including, it would 
seem, even physical pains) bestowed by him in pradically 
unearthing^ — rescuing from obscurity, and presenting to appre- 
ciative readers, — the really remarkable and interesting inscription, 
Latin and English, in Scamblesby Church, printed bv him 
with some accompanying comment, in the last number of 
Lines. N. £tf ^ Yet, while rendering this good service, the 
Redor, Canon Lodge, seems hardly to have appreciated to 
the full extent the real merits, literary and otherwise, of his 
'^ foundling," which he at the same time gently disparages with 
the good-humoured but genuine criticism of only faint praise. 
It seems that the composition and charader of the whole, — 
evidently studied and compact, — may bear a little further 
elucidation, with the aim and efFed, of vindicating its real merits 
and rescuing it from the slight mal-appraisement of the 
Redor's ^^ quaint admixture of questionable Latin and hardly 
less (sie but ?) intelligible English. It is unnecessary to trespass 
on these pages by retranscribing in full the whole inscription, 
for which any interested reader would at once no doubt refer 
to the last number of Lines, N, bf ^.; but it may be desirable 
to state that Canon Lodge's careful transcript cannot quite 
reproduce, to the eye or mind of his readers, the one point of 
difficulty which, as a transcriber, he would certainly feel, and 
which really turns upon spaeey the want of it or otherwise, on 
the original tablet: stone is inelastic, but words may be com- 
pressed, both in space and in quantity; the composer himself 
evidently studied the latter form of compression, the workman 
was answerable for the former, besides the slip which Canon 
Lodge points out ; but the two together would hardly suffice 
to condemn him for inferior workmanship, the whole being 
really well executed. 

The difficulty above indicated is simply (for the scholarly 
reader) confined to one point — whether "in" preceding "valc- 
tudinem" is (as mere space seems to indicate) meant to be part 
of the word, as "invaletudinem," which Canon Lodge opines 
to be the case, translating it accordingly ; or, the preposition 
^^ in^^ followed by the separate word " valetudinem," and 
governing it. The solution of this little difficulty is undoubt- 

Lincolnshire Notes & Queries . 231 

ediy to be found in the position and meaning of the word 
^^ acerbam " immediately following ; but in this, evidently 
the key-word, is further locked up the question, what opinion 
should be formed as to the style and merits of the whole, — in 
fad, of the acquirements of the writer himself: and these, for 
my part, I am inclined to rate somewhat highly, and that with 
no small pleasure. The writer is himself the brother of the 
great English Divine, Lincolnshire scholar and worthy, some- 
time Prebendary of our Cathedral ("Lay ton ecclesia" — to 
which Bishop, afterwards Archbishop, J. Williams appointed 
him, in succession to Geo. Herbert), Fellow of Trinity CollegCi 
Cambridge, and afterwards Prebendary of Westminster — 
Herbert Thorndike. And it is pleasant, and not surprising, to 
think of scholarly accomplishments of no mean order adorning 
another member of the fiimily ; it would seem that Francis T. 
the writer, had himself been a scholar of Trinity College; 
hence it appears that we have in the inscription an interesting 
and valuable as well as genuine product of the scholarship 
of the day, which we need not hesitate to appraise even highly, 
when corredly understood, by this little post mortem examina- 
tion, — and we have it dug out of a small Lincolnshire Parish 
Church with which his family was conneded. Surely a 
pleasant thing to do it honour ! and in Lines. N. ii ^ 

Fortunately, there are means at hand, of which Canon Lodge 
may have been unable to avail himself, sufficient to verify and 
establish for a certainty the solution I proceed to give, viz., the 
very ably and carefully executed memoir of Thorndike, with 
genealogical table, from the accomplished pen of the late 
A. W. Haddan, in Anglo-Cath. Libr, Thomdi(is H^orksy 
Vol. VL, full use of which is made here. 

Now to corred the Latin. 

Evidently Mr. F. Thorndike, the writer, bestowed pains on 
the mere Latinity^ to make it compadt and tellin?, as a leading 
consideration ; space also may have been a subordinate one : he 
has got a good deal into his limited space; but he shews higher 
qualities, too, than mere power and skill in compression, 
and a sense of convenience in so doing, both in what he has 
expressed and in what (it seems to me) he has left unsaid. 
There is a marked individuality from beginning to end about 
his Latin, as seen in the form chosen for the whole, and in the 
careful grouping of his terms. He gains a great deal, after his 
"M.S.," by beginning at once with the name of the deceased, 
in the nominative case. Her qualities are then described, in 


232 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

terms a good deal briefer, in his compad Latin, than their 
equivalent in Canon Lodge's ^^conventional English," ^' con- 
ventionalized," I venture to think, less happily in the efied 
than in the intention. '^Conjugium religiose coluit" reads 
'^quaintly," perhaps, to our eyes and more sophisticated minds, 
but the style and thought are of the period^ and seem insuffi- 
ciently presented by "religiously observed her marriage vow.*' 
Compare the following expression, of much the same period, of 
a ladv of the Tyrwhitt familv : " in inconcusso Connubii 
vinculo per novennium Deo et Marito suo Comparuit." They 
seem to have thought it reasonable and proper to mention, in 
days before the Divorce Court, what we, in its days, assume as 
matter of course, or needing no mention : and at any rate 
Mr. T.'s " religiose," with a due sense of the sandity of the 
bond, expresses far more than " religiously " does to us, and 
does not unhappily compress what the other expression not 
unhappily expands, both thinking of the ^^ obey " in the 
Marriage Service. And why should they not do honour to 
the virtue by its grateful mention, as we perhaps do by its 
omission ! But, however, it is well to shew what was in 
Mr. F. T.'s mind, as well as what he said. Next, it may be 
taken for certain that "acerbam," which I have already termed 
the key- word, refers not to the preceding " valetudinem," but 
heads its own group of words following^ and agrees with 
"mortem"; that he is mentioning the early deaths of his 
three young children, cut off, "or ere fully ripe," and points 
his phrase with the happy recoUedion of Virgil's ^^^^^j of 
Children [Mn, vi.) seen by £neas, whom 

** abttulit atn dies, et fuoere menit seerbo" 

And further, that he means to say, and says, that this sorrow, 
blow upon blow, it was, which — not synchronized with {cJ. 
Canon Lodge's "At a time when she was, &c.") but distindly 
caused^ the shattered health of the sorrowing mother, and that 
he wrote "/« valetudinem," to the loss of her own health — 
valetudo being classical Latin for ill-health, and invaletudo for 
the same thing though not adlually nowhere found, savouring 
rather of the respe^ably modern Latinity of the school- 
boy's exercise. Turning to the family genealogy mentioned 
already, we find that the 3 children named did die in 1627, 
1628, and 1629; that they were young is sufficiently indicated 
by the hSt that their elder brother (the "surviving 4th" of the 
epitaph) was but 14 in 1634, so that not one of them would 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 233 

have much exceeded 7 years old^ and the poor mother was 
herself buried Dec. 30, 1629, shortly after the latest death of 
the three. Hence there is no doubt what the husband means 
to convey about his wife's case, that her motherly grief 
shattered her health and brought her to an early grave, and 
that whereas he might not unnaturally have said something 
about his own parental grief— might have recalled his Virgu 
again — z father over his slain son : 

** Alt ego, Tivendo, — ^▼ici met &ta, Suferua 
RetUrem ut Gtrnttr^ 

as our own Canning reproduced the sentiment, 

** While I, reverted our Nature's kindlier doom, 
Pour forth a father's sorrow o'er thy tomb," — 

he rather is sternly reticent as to himself, and lets fads speak 
for themselves, wnile he does pourtray his wifii sorrow, its 
causes and results, but of the dmhle afHiction, his own, he says 
nothing. We can pidure the man — with strong chin, com- 
pressed lips, spare speech, and thoughtful brow. His epitaph 
is the very type of him, and we are delighted to light upon 
such a reprodudion. But there is a further trait of charader 
in another part. He takes good care to mention even 
prominently the "generosa familia" of the Coppingers to which 
she belongs : the adjedive more especially refers to the right 
to bear coat armour. Mr. Haddan mentions an amusing 
indication of a little touchiness on this score, on the part of 
this member of the Thorndike family: '^Garter King at 
Arms" of the dav somewhat displeased him by a slight want 
of recognition of*^ their right, dropping out a previous gener- 
ation as though not entitled to the distinction, and making, as 
he thinks, disparaging remarks as to the bearings when allowed. 
The widower is careful to assirt the right in the case of the 
family with which he was allied by marriage, and it takes up a 
whole line and well-packed paragraph, of his not very lengthy 

In the English, the taste of the day found more ground for 
excursion in the realm of quips and oddities^ not much to our 
taste; but the expression, "noyV/, no monument requires, &c." 
may receive some explanation and defence by comparing 
Spenser's use of the word, which then bore a wider significa- 
tion, and was used for any sepulchral stone. 

" Of hewen stone the porch was fiiirly wrought, — 
** Stone more of valew, and more smooth and fine 
** Than jm or marble far from Ireland brought." — 

[F. Sl^ Bk. ii., Canto iz., St. 24]- And 

234 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

And whatever else we may think of the merits of the English 
epitaph, we may pardon a good deal for the excellent hit at 
the fashion already setting in, of pompous epitaphs, and praise 
the conscious af!e£tion, self-restraint, and good taste of his 
concluding mention of ^' love and sorrow,** in its simplicity. 

Strange that the Herald's office should — no doubt in haste — 
have packed so much of inaccuracy into the information 
^^ courteously supplied " to the Redor : laughed at in the face 
as it is by the epitaph itself. She was not of Suflblk at all — 
Lavenham, with its splendid church — ^and she was not the 2nd 
but the 1st wife of Francis Thorndike, which the epitaph at 
least bears out, though it does not prove : the 2nd wife survived 
him and married again, and was his executrix: 7'horndike 
himself mentions her as his '^Sister Bolt." 

On the whole, then, we may pronounce that Canon Lodee 
has brought into notice an interesting and valuable — thoroughly 
county — relic, and that its full merits had to some extent even 
escaped his knowledge and perspicacity, and that they 
deserved some further recognition in the congenial pages of 
Lines. N. » ^ 

Bigby ReSiory. Thos. Field, B.D. 

123. Records of Ancient Horncastle (continued from 
Vol.iV., p. 221).— 

Patent Roll, 5 Edward I., m. 7 d. (84). 

[A.D. 1276-7.] 

John de Reigate and William de Northburgh are assigned 
to take the assize of novel disseisin which Gil&rt de MiTleye 
arraigned against Amice, late the wife of William Ascer, and 
others, touching a tenement in Horncastle, Tymelby, Langton 
next Horncastle and Wadehal. 

Assize Roll, Divers Counties, 2 > 8, m. 10. 

Pleas of the assizes and juries at Lincoln, on the Quindene 
of S*. Hilary, in the 6*** year of the reign of King Edward. 
[27 Jan., A.D. 1277-8]. 

The assize came to recognise if Avicia, who was the wife 
of William Ascer, of Hornecastre, Benedict son of Haget, of 
Otterby, Robert de Lekeburne, Robert Moryn, of Louth, 
Robert le Clerk, of Thimelby, William Burdet, Peter Chebeseye, 
Henry le Piper, of Hornecastre, Walter Lolle, Alice de 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 235 

Kandelesby, and Robert le Messer, unjustly and without 
judgment disseised Gilbert de Milley of his free tenement in 
Hornecastre, Thimelby, Langeton next Hornecastre, and 
Wodehall after the first, &c. And wherefore he complains 
that they disseised him of 6 selions in the field of Hornecastre, 
which contains 2 acres, and 11 selions in Thimelby which 
contains 4 acres, and 6 selions in Langeton, which contains 3 
acres, and i o selions in Wodehall, which contains 4 acres. 

And none of them came : but a certain Elyas de Ireby 
comes and answers for the aforesaid Avicia as her oailifF. And 
a certain Nicholas Benet answers for the others. And the 
aforesaid Elyas says that the assize ought not to be made 
thereupon, because he says that a certain Avicia, daughter of 
William Ascer, of Hornecastre, is in seisin of the aforesaid 
tenements in Langeton and Wodehall, of the gift and feofFinent 
of the same William, and was [in seisin] before the obtaining 
of the aforesaid Gilbert's writ, to wit, on the second day of 
September, in the 5*** year. 

And upon this comes the aforesaid Avicia and asks that no 
assize be taken, &c. She also says that a certain Master 
Thomas de Louth (Luda) is in seisin of the aforesaid tenements 
in Hornecastre and Thymelby, &c. 

And Gilbert savs that a certain Robert de Horncaster 
enfeoffed him of ali the tenements abovesaid, &c. 

And the jurors say upon their oath that the aforesaid Avicia, 
daughter of^ William, and likewise the aforesaid Thomas de 
Louth were in seisin of the aforesaid tenements, to wit, on the 
second day of September, in the 5*** year. 

S Judgment.] And therefore it is considered that the afore- 
Gilbert shall take nothing by the writ, but is in mercy for 
a false claim, &c. 

Patent Roll, 6 Edward L, m. 3 d. (52). 

[A.D. 1277-8.] 

John de Reigate and William de Northburgh are assigned to 
take the assize of mort d'ancestor which Walter, son of 
William de Horncastre, arraigned against Walter de Whetham- 
stede touching a messuage in Horncastre. 

L. T. R. Originalia Roll, 6 Edw. L, m. 28. 

[A.D. 1277-8.] 

It is commanded to Richard de Holebrok, the king's steward, 
that he take into the hand of the king the manor of Horncastre 


236 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

which was of Robert [de Chansey], late bishop of Carlisle, 
who held of the king in chief on the day on which he died. 

Patent Roll, 7 Edward I., m. 20 (11). 

[A.D. 1278-9.] 

Nicholas de Stapelton and Elias de Bekingham are assigned 
to take the assize of mort d'ancestor which Robert Turry, of 
Horncastle, arraigned against John Turri and others, touching 
land and a messuage in Horncastle. 

Patent Roll, 8 Edward L, m. 27 d. (74). 

[A.D. 1279-80.] 

Nicholas de Stapleton and Elias de Bekingham are assigned 
to take the assize of mort d'ancestor which Ralph, son of 
Robert Ascer, arraigned against Matilda, formerly the wife of 
Walter de Stikenay, and others, touching a messuage, toft, and 
land in Horncastle. 

Pipe Roll, 12 Edward I., m. 31. 

Account of Ralph de S^ Laud and Thomas de S^ Laud 
executors of the testament of Adam de S^ Laud of the issues 
of the escheatries of the king in the county of Lincoln for the 
time which the same Adam was sheriff of the same county, 
from the Feast of S*. Michael in the 7*** year of the reign of 
King Edward until Easter in the 9^ year, /.^., from 29 Sept. 
A.D. 1279 ^^^^^ '3 April, A.D. 1281. 

The same renders «n account of ^51 2J« c)d, of rent of 
assize in the manor of Hornecastre, for the 7^ year, which was 
the Bishop of Carlisle's, for the terms of Christmas, Easter, 
S*. Botulph and S*. Michael. 

And of 31. yd, for 43 hens of rent there, so sold for the 
same time. 

And of ^10 131. 4^. for the hrms of the mills there, for the 
same time. 

And of £^ for one common oven there, so put to farm for the 
same time. 

And of ^6 22^. for the cottages and stalls there, so put to 
farm for the same time. 

And of fq 2x. of the view of frankpledge and the 
perquisites of Court there, for the same time. 

And of 31. for works relaxed there for the same time. 

And of £17 qs. lod* of the toll of the market there, for the 
same time. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^ueries^ 237 

And of ^34 of the tallage of the soke of Horncastre for 
the same time. 

And of 51. for the apples and herbage in the garden there, so 
sold for the same time. 

And of I02X. 6d. for the herbage of 41 acres of meadow 
there, so sold for the same time. 

And of 30X. for certain arable lands of the demesne there, so 
put out to pasture for the same time. 

Sum ^129 ly. lod. 

The same renders an account of ^38 yx. id, of rent of 
assize in the manor aforesaid, of Horncastle, for the terms of 
Christmas, Easter and S^ Botulph for the 8^ year, before the 
aforesaid Adam de S^ Laud delivered the aforesaid manor to 
Ralph de Irton, appointed Bishop of Carlisle by the lord the 
Pope, by writ of Richard de Holebroc, in the possession of 
whom the king's writ remains. 

And of y. 7^. for 43 hens of rent there, so sold for the same 

And of ^8 I Of. of the farms of the mills there, so put to 
farm for the same time. 

And of 601. for one common oven there, so put to farm for 
the same time. 

And of ^4 I IX. 4^. for the cottages and stalls there, so put 
to farm for the same time. 

And of 62X. bd, of the perquisites of the courts there, for the 
same time. 

And of ^12 ii\d. of the toll of the market there, for the 
same time. 

And of 66x. of the crop of 22 acres of land of the demesnes 
there sown with the drag, so sold for the same time. 

Sum l^2 17K 

The same renders an account of ^4 4^* 9i^- of rent of 
assize in the hamlet of Enderby and Conyngesby which were 
taken into the hand of the king by the death of Thomas de 
Frampton who held of the Bishop of Carlisle within the soke 
of Horncastre, &c. 

Sum ^11 6x. ^^d, 

And in payment of one sergeant to keep the manor of 
Horncastre, who took in the day 2d, for the keeping the 
same manor, by the year 6ox. 10^. 

And to the same sergeant for his robe for the whole time 
which the same manor was in the king's hand, one mark. 


238 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

And in the stipend and payment of one mower to keep the 
meadow and warren- there, who took in the day i^^. for the 
keeping of the same, by the year 451. 7^^. 

And in the stipends of two colledors of the tolls there of 
whom each took in the week on the market day 2^., by the 
year 171. 4^. 

And for the tithes due to the church of Horncastre from the 
mills, oven and tolls, by the year 641. 4^^. 

And in three mill stones bought there, which were consumed 
and used in the king's time, 261. bd. 

And in payment of the aforesaid sergeant keeping the afore- 
said manor of Horncastle from Saturday the Feast of S*. 
Nicholas in the 9*** year until Sunday the Feast of S*. 
Margaret the Virgin in the same year, who took in the day 
2^. for the keeping of the same manor for 227 days, 371. 10^. 

And in payment of one mower keeping the meadows and 
warren there, &c., 281. 4^. for the same time. 

And in the stipends of two coUedors of the tolls there, &c., 
I IX. for the same time. 

And for the tithes due to the church of Horncastle from the 
mills, common oven and tolls of the market 471. for the same 

(To be continued.) W. Boyd. 

1 24. An Account of some Ancient Arms and Utensils 
FOUND IN Lincolnshire, chiefly in the Bed of the River 


scoured out in 1787 AND 1 788. — (Continued from Vol. IV., 
p. 185).— 

Knhes marked L 

It is well known that the knife or whittle, as it was 
generally called, was a part of the dress of our ancestors. 
Greene, in his description of the person and dress of Chaucer, 
says, ^ a Whittle by his Belt he Bear ; " and Chaucer himself, 
in his ^^Reves Tale,*' says, in describing the Miller of 
Trompington, "a Sheffield Thwitid bare he in his hose;" 
also in the engraving of him, done from the pi£hire painted by 
his contemporary, Ouleve, he is represented with such a knire 
hanging from his button. 

In the provinces of France, even at this day, guests at meals 
are not fornished by their entertainer with knives ; forks only 
are laid, and each man takes a knife from his pocket, with 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 239 

which he indiscriminately carves and eats Flesh, Fowl, and 
Fish, a custom ill according with the delicacy of modern 
manners, and even trespassing a little on the duties of common 

There is said to be in Iceland an old saying which declares 
that a man who has not a knife in his belt is not fit to come 
within the king's palace, meaning, probably, that much good 
visuals were there, but that the king aid not furnish his 
guests with knives. 

In succeeding time these whittels seem to have been much 
ornamented. Lady Banks has the handle of one plated with 

I I, Tab. 4, though in appearance modern, is nevertheless 
of some antiquity; it illustrates Ouleve's pidure of Chaucer 
not a little, for it so exadly resembles the whittel hanging to 
the poet's button, both in size and shape, that it is not 
impossible it may have been made by the same cutler. It was 
found in the Witham, near Bardnev, 1787. 

I 2 is merely a blade, and would not have been preserved 
but from an unwillingness to destroy any thing whatever of 
antiquity found in the Witham, lest when it was gone the 
discovery of some new analogy might make it wished for 
again. It was found near Fiskerton, 1788. 

I 3 has had considerable ornament about the handle, 
probably straps of leather or pieces of polished wood, but 
certainly something of a perishable nature, was put between 
the lamina of brass, which would produce a very pretty efFed. 
It was found in Barlines £au, when it was scoured out in 
1788, near the lands of Mr. Thorold, who purchased it of the 
workmen, as he did B 3 and 6, and very obligingly gave them 
to me. 

Common Implements marked K, 

K I • Two of these have the same mark, as being perfedly 
similar to each other. They have been Eel shears, and are 
made upon a construction exadly the same in contrivance with 
that now used for taking large eels, but in execution very much 
inferior. Many of these were found in the Witham in the 
neighbourhood of Washingborough Fen, 1788, but none in 
any other part of the River. 

K 2. A Thatching Needle, resembling, as the last does, 
very nearly those now used, but very rough in the execution. 
It was found in the Witham near Washingborough, 1788. 


240 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

K 3. The Bit of a Bridle. It is said to have been found 
in the Witham near Tattershall Ferry, when the Roman 
Antiquities were found there in 1768, but its modern 
appearance gives reason to doubt the truth of that assertion. 

K 4. Part of a Spur ; said to be found with the last, but 
seems too modern in its structure to authorise belief of the 
assertion of the people who procured it. 

K 5, Tab. ID. A Saucepan of brass and Roman workman- 
ship, well contrived and neatly cast, especially the bottom, 
where it is grooved to admit the heat to penetrate to the 
contents more easily. On the handle is impressed, seemingly 
with a stamp, CARAT, possibly Caius Ardus, as the latter 
part of the stamp seems not to have made an impression. It 
was found in 1768, in the Witham near Tattershall Ferry, 
and is said to have been used by some boatmen ever since. 
When I received it much soot adhered to its bottom. 

Things^ the uses of ^hich are not made out^ marked L. 

L I, in shape resembles the blade of a Spade, but as iron 
was not so plentiful among our ancestors as it is now, there is 
great reason to believe their spades were only shod with that 
metal. It was found in the Witham near Washingborough, 

L 2, Tab. 9. Two of this kind, exadly resembling each 
other, are with the same number. They may have been the 
prows of armed boats, though if they had it is probable some 
holes would have been drilled in them by which they might be 
spiked down to the timbers. They may have been parts of 
some military engine, but as we know nothing whatever of 
the construction of the engines of our ancestors, except that 
they were very heavy and bulky, it seems impossible to decide 
whether they were or not. Both of these were found in the 
Witham, one near Fiskerton and the other near Washing- 
borough, 1788. 

L 3 may possibly have been the handle of a pair of shears. 
Though the number of rivet holes along the handle do not 
support that idea, the^ do not absolutely render it impossible, 
and the ring for the nnger at the end seems evidently intended 
for some such purpose. It was found in the Witham near 
Bardney in 1787. 

L 4. A blade possibly of a pair of shears, as it resembles 
the last article considerably, and may also have had a ring for 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 241 

the finger, the end being broken ofF. It was found in the 
Witham near Bardney, 1787. 

L 5, Tab. 4, resembles in shape B i, 7, and 8 very much, 
and may therefore have been intended for a dagger. Its small 
size renders it more fit for the secret service of assassination 
than for open war, and as our ancestors were not given to 
that crime, it is unjust to suspedl them from such trifling 
evidence. The blade is beautifully forged and finished and 
elegantly damasked with silver. It was found in the Witham 
near Bardney, 1788. 

125. Lincolnshire Records: Excerpts from the MS. 
Notes of the Late General Plantagenet Harrison 
(continued from Vol. IV., p. 217). 

Kirkly Laythorpe. (885). Richard fil William essm 
Alicia widow of Walter de Cycester versus William 
Russell 3rd part i acre of land cum pertin' in 
Kirkely a Laythorpe et versus Walter de Amcotes, 
3rd part I acre of land in said ville et versus Gerard 
hi. Robert de Laythorpe, 3rd part of ^ acre of land 
in said ville as her dower. 

126 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 50 Hen. III. 

(921.) Robert son and heir of Thomas de Crossely. 
142 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 52 Hen. III. 

Gringham. (989.) Johanna widow of William, Charles, 
Karoli fil. Karofi versus Adam de St. Lands for 
taking and carrying away goods and chattels value 
100 sol. at Gringham, contra pacem. 

169 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 56 Hen. III. 

Quappeload. (992.) The Abbot of Croyland versus 
Waleran fil. Stephen de Carton et Fulco Harding de 
Quappeload — acquittal of services for lands which 
Adam de Hackebeche claims for lands at Quappeload. 

169 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 56 Hen. IIL 

Irngham. (379.) William de Curzon, Walter de 
Tyrkingham, Walter de Wyldeker, and William de 
Engelby, four knights summoned to ele£t a jury of 
12 etc. Inter the Prior of Drax plaintiff and 
Andrew Luterel defendant \ the advowson of the 

Vol. 4. G church 

242 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

church of Irngham cum pertin'; and they chose for 
the said jury Wydone Wak, Galfr' de Brunne^ 
Hueh de Harington, John nl. Hus;h, Robert de 
Wjriegheby, William de Curezon, Walter de Wyldek, 
Lambert ae Quappelode, Robert de Oyly, John de 
Esterly, William de Poynton, Hugh de St. Vedasco, 
Hugh de Boby, Thomas fil. Stephen, Randulph de 
Brackenbergh, and William Lechen. 

55 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 26 Hen. III. (m. 2.) 

Irnham. (408.) The Prior of Drax versus Andrew 
Luterel i advowson of the church of Irnham. 

^550.) Nicholas de Dunestorp versus John de 
Dunestorp and Agnes his wife de pic tVe. 

68 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 32 Hen. III. 

(893.) Galfred de la More cogn' of debt. — Roger 
le Bygod, son and heir of Hugh le Bygod ^^loo. 

128 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 50 Hen. III. 

Scry velsby and Horncastle. (533.) Warin fil. Eudo at the 
suit of the Abbot of Kirkeslede, right of common in 
the lands of the said Abbot in Scrivelsby and 
Horncastle in which the defendant said that all his 
ancestors time out of memory had right of common 
in Scrivelsby, &c., viz., in the time of Hen. I., 
Hen. II., Ric. I., John, and the present King. 

66 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 31 Hen. III. 

Rysgeton and Kirketon. (540.) Walter fil. Basil and 
Joscelin and Hugh his brothers versus William de 
Engelby the 4^ part xij. acres and iiij. bovats of land 
and the 4^ part of a 4^ part etc. in Rysgeton and 
Kirketon as the right of the said Walter, Joscelin 
and Hugh as their shares of the inheritance of 
Joscelin Coteril in the said town, the uncle of the 
said Walter Joscelin and Hugh and said William de 
Engelby, whose heirs they are — et sciend quod 3 
parts except eo quod Isolda and John fil. Walter 
Coterel pticipis ipsi do not claim and said William de 
Engelby is seised of the whole. 

66 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 31 Hen. III. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 243 

(547.) Walter de Evville and Ralph fil. Galfrid at 
the suit of the Abbot of Kirkestede concerning 
pasture in Scryvelsby and Horncastle, &c. Robert 
de Eyville father of s* Walter whose heir he is, 
Galfrid de Cybecye father of the said Ralph whose 
heir he is, feofied of lands in Cybecye held of 
Ranulph Earl of Chester with common of pasture in 
la Wildmore of which the Earls of Chester were 
seised from the time of the conquest. The jury 
were Galfrid de Brunne, John de Wyham, Thomas 
de Coleville, William de Belesby, John de Hamby, 
Joceaum le Escrop, Rann de Brakenberg, Simon de 
Cringeltorp, William de Engelby, William Burdet, 
Rann de Carelv, Simon de Sampton, Henry de 
Steping, Richara de Buselingtorp, William de idima, 
and Ralph de Hoyland. 

67 Coram Rcge Roll. Easter 32 Hen. Ill, 

Paunton. (898.) Thomas Vicar of Beneworth and 
William de Gaunt versus Thomas de Eyville brother 
and heir of Hugh de Eyville — warranty — 3rd part i 
messuage, i carucate of land and 5 marks, redd, cum 
pertin' in Pauneton, which Hagelina widow of Roger 
de Eyville claims as her dower. 

130 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 51 Hen. III. 

Wenflet. (765.) Margereta widow of Walter fil. 
Cristiana versus Walter de Elreker, dower of i^ acr 
of land cum pertin' in Wenflet. 

91 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 37 Hen. III. 

St. Botulph. (93 1 Robert East versus Philip Marmiun 
and John Aunketin for forcible entry to St. Botulph 
and taking away lead belonging to the plaintiff value 
1 00 marks. 

146 Coram Rege Roll. 53 Hen. III. 

395.) Alicia widow of Walter de Flet per !o suo 
eginald de Walpole vel Adam de Walepol versus 
Lawrence fil. Walter and others — dower. 

55 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. a6 Hen. III. 



244 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Foxton. (512.) Ass' ven rec si William dc Foxton 
father of Ralph died seised &c. of 2^ acres of land 
etc. in Foxton, of which Roger fil. Walter holds 2 
acres and Richard de Sadington ^ an acre. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. III. 

Hamelton. (514.) Ass' ven rec si William Ficum 
brother of Hawisa died seised in fee of ^ a virgate of 
land in Hamelton which Stephen de Radelig and 
Juliana his wife hold, who came and called to 
warranty Goldum de Hamelton. 

65 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 31 Hen. HI. 

(589.) Gilbert de Freston, John and Roger his 
brothers, and Isabella and Matilda his sisters — 
petierunt die dnica per x post festin St. Hillar t'ram 
suam per pi quod capta in manu Dni Reg by default 
que fec'nt versus Alic qui fuit uxor Jacobi de Bissy. 

74 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 33 Hen. III. 

Freston. (804). Ass' ven rec si David Horn, William 
his brother and Reginald de Bolinton unjustly 
disseised Alexander son of Thomas de Freston of i 
acre of land etc. in Freston. 

106 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 42 Hen. III. 

Trikingham. (755.) Si Theobaldus Frost unjustly 
disseised Elena Flints of one messuage and i toft 
etc. in Trikingham. 

^9 Coram Rege Roll. 36 Hen. III. 

Baskerton. (788.) Lucia widow of Roger le Fraunke- 
leyn claimed dower in lands in Baskerton and called 
to warranty Henry son of Roger. 

93 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 37 Hen. III. 

Farlesthorpe. (931 •) William de Farlesthorpe versus 
Robert son of Alan de Farlesthorpe i messuage and 
^ a bovat of land cum pertin' except ^ an acre in 

146 Coram Rege Roll. 53 Hen. III. 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 245 

Fulbeck. (963.) Simon fil. Peter de Fulbeck, Hugh fil. 
Hugh Cade v. Robert fil. Almoti at the suit of the 
Prior of Sempringham common of pasture etc. in 

Hundelby. (405.) Basilia widow of Eudo fil. William 
versus Alan le Cutiller dower of i messuage and 
lands in Hundelby et versus James de Hundelby 
dower of i acre of land etc. in said ville. 

58 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 27 Hen. III. 

Wrangle. 355. Beatrix widow of Richard fil. William 
versus Richard fil. Andrew dower in lands at 

52 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 25 Hen. III. 

Gretlewell. (389.) Thomas fil. William v. Robert de 
Dayville and Dionvsia his wife — finp touching the 
manor of Gretlewell. 

55 Coram Rege Roll. Mich. 26 Hen. III. 

Holbeche. (451.) Avicia widow of Thomas fil. Ivo 
versus William Malekake half 20 acres of land etc. 
in Holbeche et versus Robert de Hon ton, Beatrix 
his wife, and Simon son of Beatrix — half i messuage 
and 24 acres of land, etc. in said ville et versus 
Thomas fil. Henry Sweyne half 4 acres of land etc. 
in said ville. The defendants voc' ad war' Lambert 
de Multon. 

58 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 27 Hen. III. 

(485.) Hugh fil. Ralph per to suo Alexander de 
Creveqver et Hugh de Fenwyk versus Galfi-id de 
Beningworth de p! fin fcm. 

61 Coram Rege Roll. 27 Hen. III. 

Southeton. (572.) Ass' ven rec si Hugh father of 
William died seised in his own right as of fee of i 
messuage and 7 acres of land etc. in Southeton, 
which Alicia daughter of Alan le Chapelain holds. 

65 Coram Rege Roll, Hil. 31 Hen. III. 


246 Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Skyrebelc. (54Q.) Agnes widow of Walter fil. Stephen 
V. Gerard hi. Gerard and Matilda his wife— dower in 
2 acres of land in Skyrebek. 

67 Coram Rege Roll. Easter 32 Hen. III. 

Leverton. (593.) William fil. Humfrey essm Alicia 
widow of Alan versus Alicia filia William Wagge- 
spere 3rd part 3 acres of land etc. in Leverton. 

74 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 33 Hen. III. 

(592.) Simon fil. Galfrid de Stanford at the suit of 
Galfrid fil. David and Maria his wife 70 marks debt. 
The said Galfrid et Maria per att'n ips' que quod cu 
aunc ip'ius Marie post mortem Sampson hi. Galfrid — 
her father and whilst she was under age — t'didisset 
pdc' Sim 'quoda mes' in Stanford in doto cu reddit 
& nemnt ad custodiend' ad apud ipMus Marie dna 
tuisset plene etatis Ida qd id'm Sim' p'tepit 70 marks 
per' dr't Sim5 prium pecuniain eis detenuit et illam 
eis redd' contralluit. 

74 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 33 Hen. III. 

Multon. (624.) Richolda widow of Simon fil. Ranulph 
versus Thomas Ketel — dower in 8 acres of land in 

79 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 34 Hen. III. 

Trikingham, etc. (673.) Emma widow of John fil. 
Walter versus Theobald fil. Walter — dower in i car. 
of land cum pertin in Trikingham and i carucate of 
land etc. in Stowe and lands in Osbernley, Spooneley, 
Neweton, Walcote, Fulingham, Pycknith, and i 
windmill &c. in Trikingham and another in Pycknith. 

86 Coram Rege Roll. Hil. 35 Hen. III. 

Holebrok. (766.) Hugelina widow of Galfrid fil. Eduse 
versus Henry fil. Emma de i^ acre of land etc. 
in Holebrok as her dower. 

91 Coram Rege Roll. Trin. 37 Hen. III. 

Rupert Upton. 
{To be continued,) 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


126. State of the County of Lincoln temp. Eliza- 
beth. — The returns of the state of this diocese in the rei^n of 
Elizabeth is contained in a volume preserved among the Harl. 
MSS. in the Brit. Mus. (No. 618); the writing is of that 
period, and was rendered by the Archdeacons of Lincoln, 
Leicester, and Huntingdon to the Bishop of the Diocese, 
Nich. Builingham (1560-7). It has no date, but we can form 
an approximate date from two of the returns, viz., that of 
^Master John Aelmer," Archd. of Lincoln, who was installed 
6 Nov., 1562, afterwards Bishop of London 1577-94, and 
Robt. Beamont, B.D., Archdeacon of Huntingdon, installed 
28 Sept., 1560, died 1567, being then Master of Trinity Coll., 
Camb.^ and Preb. of Ely, and was succeeded in the Archdea- 
conrv by John Builingham, installed 27 Dec., 1567, res. 1576, 
and in 1500 made Bp. of Gloucester and Bristol. The return 
from 20 Deaneries in this county is now given, I believe, for 

the first time, t e 

Justin Simpson. 


deanery of trinity in city of lincon. 

FamUias Capdke 


FamiSM m 



St Peter at Arches, Rectory 

34 Nil. 
80 „ 



St. Swithin's, Curacy 



St. Mary, V. 
St. Mark's, C. 




»4 n 



St. Peter at Gowt's, C. 




St. Botulph, C. 

43 «i 



St Martin, V. 

70 „ 



St. Michael, C. 

SO n 



St. Paul, R. 




St Peter in Eastgate, C. 





Southicame, R., 1 8 


Northicame, il 





Northicame, C, 7 

SUpleford, V., 43 

Dodingtonnc, R., 14 

Wisbie, 13 


Awborowe, V., 26 

Haddington, 7 

Northscarle, R., 35 

Nortondisney, V., 30 

Basingham, R., 61 

Bultham, R., 11 

Thorpe, R., 25 

Carletonne, V., 38 

Egle, v., 41 

Swinderbie, V., 30 

Skellingthorp, V., 34 


248 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 


Billingaie, V., 60 


Calbic, v., 45 
Harmestonne, V., 48 
Braunceton, R., 72 
Whaasingburgh, R. (no return) 
Bothbie, R., 23 
Skynnand, R., 5 
Noctonne, V., 29 
Dunatonne, V., 38 
Blankney, R., 40 
Medringham, V., 48 
Canwicke, V., 20 
Bracebrig, V., 18 
Welboume (no return) 
Scopwicke, V., 3a 
Kirkebie, V., 22 
Potterhanworth, R., 45 
Waddington, R., 70 
Tymberlaunde, V., 38 

Naumbie, R., 54 

Waterside, 17 
Dockdikc, 23 
Walcote, 40 

Shepwash, i 

Mertonne, 38 
Tymberlandthorpe, 24 
Waterside, 24 


LafFord, V., 10 
Burtonne, V., 25 
Dirringtonne, V., 44 
Ingoldesbie, 48 (does not say 

whether R. or V.) 
Kirkbie Peter, C 18 

„ Dionisii, R., 2X 
Eveden, R., 13 
Helpringham, V., 56 
Hale, Mag*., Y., 67 
Howell, R., 14 
Aunsbici R., 16 
Swarbie, Y., 21 
Aswarbie, R., 22 
Ewarbie, Y., 50 
Quarrington, R., 17 
Asgardbie, R., 17 

Ruskingtonne, R. et. Y., 55 Silkwillurghhie, R., 42 
Rawcebie, Y., 22 St'. Jacobi 

Lesingham, R., 22 Roxame 

Anwicke, Y., 32 
Brauncewell, R., 12 

Ashbie, Y., 18 
Bloxhame, R. (no return) 
Digbic, Y., 43 
Cranwell, C. (no return) 
Kyme, C, 63 

Hale P*., 36 

Owston, 3 
Awstropp, 21 

Southrawcebic, 2X 
Rozame, 11 

Dunisbie, 5 
Bloxame, i 


Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 249 


Ancaster, V., 9 

Wettburgh, R. & V^ 38 Dodington 

Claipool, v., 77 

Stubtonne, R., 22 

Hough, v., 38 

Hougam cum Mantonne, R.}39 

Normontonne, R., 19 

Fulbecke, R., 46 

Longlednam, R., 62 

Benington, V., 87 Fostonne 

Beckingham, R., 36 Fentonne 


Calthorpp, R., 41 
Burnbroughton, R., 40 
Carlton Scrope, R., 26 

Sudbrooke, 8 
WiUcbie, 7 
Dodington, 25 

Fostonne, 42 
Fentonne, 31 
Straglethorpe, lo 
Suttone, 10 


Grauntham Preb. et. V., 132 Bracebie 


Bothebie Pannel, R., 21 
Wettropp, R., 37 
Paunton, PS R^ 13 

„ Mag*., R., 37 
Barkestonne, R., 22 

WiUbie, R., 34 
Alingtonne, R., 19 
Beltonne, R., 27 
Willesford, R., 34 
Harlaxtoune, R., 58 
Honington, V., 26 
Dcntonne, R. (no return). 
Roppesley, R., 30 
Stroxtonne, R., 12 
Segbroke, R. and Dean, 36 
Barowbie, R., 43 
Sapertonne, R. (no return) 
Shtonne, C, 24 

South witham, R., 33 
Wcstbic, v., 24 
Irenam, R., 17 

Swafeld, R., 25 
Castlebitham, V., 28 

Birtonne, R., 35 
Bichefeld, V., 24 
Gunbie, R., 14 

Humbie Ste. Anne 



Bracebie, 12 

Gunerbie, 52 
Lundenthorp, 19 
Manthorp, 16 

Humbie, 7 
Ste. Anne, I 

Humbie, P*., 7 
AUingtonnc, 21 

Bulbic, 14 
Hawthorp, 6 

Haliwell cum Onley, 1 5 
Counthorp, 6 


250 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

CoUterworth, R., 27 

Willitropp, 9 

Withamc, V., 38 


Manthorp, 18 

Toft, 12 

Toft, 12 


Lounde, 12 

Lavingtonne, V., 22 

Kevfbee, 13 
Atkerbee, 12 

Corbie, V., 52 

Stevenbie, R., 2 1 

Bttham, P^, R., 23 

Bitham Grange, 2 

Northwitham, R., 15 


Shctter, 3 
Lobingthorpe (no return) 

Carebie, R., 24 

Swintted, V., 40 

Cretonne, R., 14 

Stoke, R., 22 


Casflonne, 21 
Northttoke, 16 

Ednam, C. (in hands of), 62 

The words in brackets apply to all Curacies. 

Scotelthorp, 18 
Grymestborp, 8 
Ellesthorp, 10 
Suthorp, I 


Semperingham, V., 13 


Pointon, 48 

Horbline, V., 56 

Brigend, 8 

Kirkbie Vnderwood, R., 26 

Aslackbie, K^ 44 

Milnethorp, 9 

Newtonne, R., 18 

Greybie, 5 

Ptckworth, R., 26 

Swatonne, V., 59 


Spanbie, 6 

Hacebie, R., 40 

Demelbie, R., ii 

Scotwillughbie, R., 3 

Dowesbie, R., 24 

Onbie, 3 

Repingale, Rf $1 


Rmgeadon, I 

Hacconbie, R., 26 

Stone whate, 12 

Mortonbe, V., 48 

Amethorpe, 24 

Dunesbie, K^ 32 

Osbumbie, V., 43 

Billingburgh, V., 65 

Threkingham, V., 31 

Folkingham, R., 50 

Laughton, 17 

Bume, v., 174 

Cauthorpe, 22 
Dike, 27 

Stowe, C, 3 

Walcote, C. (no return) 


Beate Marie, R., 42 

Sci. Johannis, R., 31 
Omn S'cor', V., 59 

Sci. Michis, R., 52 

Sci. Georgij, R., 30 


Vffingtonne, R., 52 


Casewicke, I 

Market Depinge, R., 90 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 251 

Deeping Jacobi, R., 158 

Frognall, 6 
Waldram Hall, 3 

Westdeptng, R., 27 

Barholme, V^ 14 

Carlcbie, R., 17 

Thurlebie, V., 5 1 


Northorp, 22 
Obthorpe, 7 

Langtoft, v., 60 

Bastonne, V., 57 

Tetford, I 

Tallington, V., 10 

Stowe, v., 6 

Braceborough, R., il 

Skillingthorpe, I 
Barmethorpe, i 

Gretford, R., 28 



WiUettrop, 16 

Spalding, C, 154 


Cowbitt, 54 

Gedney, V., 94 

Gedney fen end 

Gedney fen end, 32 

Holbeach, V., 147 

Holbech heme, 8 
„ drove 7 

Multon, v., 90 

Multone, Cap*. 

Multon, Cap*., 42 

Whaplod, v., 115 

Whaplode Drove, 29 

Pinchbeck, V., 200 

Quadring, V., 88 

Wettropp, 10 

Donington, V^ 127 

Northorpp, 10 
Edicke, 13 

Swinethed, V., 209 

Wigtoft, v., 84 

Kirtonne, V., 228 

Brothertoft, xo 

Frampton, V. 

Toft, 3 

Frestonne, V., 147 

ButterwicJc, V., 45 

Wrangle, V^ 76 

Tidd, R., 40 

Fktte, R., $0 

Fenend, 9 

Surflett, V^ 64 

Alderchurche, R., 72 


Foadicke, 84 

Wiberton, R., 54 

Brothertoft, 8 

Benington, R., 69 

Skirbccke, R. (no return) 

Boston, v., 471 

Bicker, V., 80 

Leverton, R., 48 

Leake, V., 127 

Sutton, v., 3 


Luttonne, 48 

Sci. Edmundi 

Sci. Edmundi, 62 

Sci. Jacobi 

Sci. Jacobi, 55 

Toft, R. (no return) 

Gotberton, V., 107 

Sutterton, V., 67 

Wettonne, V., 50 

Crowland, C, 77 


Harrmgtonne, R., X2 

Brinkhill, R. (no return) 

Somerbie, R., 14 

Aiwardbie, R., 18 



Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 

Saucethorp, R., 21 
Hagworthingham, R., 46 
Claxbie, R., 12 
Tetford, R., 40 
Ashbie Puerorum, V., 21 
Oxcombci R., 8 
Scrafield, R., 8 
Salmondbie, R., 15 
Laughton, inx* 
Partney, R., 25 
Bagenderbie, R., 17 
Gretham, R., 16 
Hameringham, R., 19 
Winoebie, R., lo 
FuUetbie, R., 18 
Kettisbie, R., 10 
Southormetbie, R., 30 

Sibtaie, V., 96 
Stickney, R., 90 
Stickford, V., 52 
Miningesbie, R., 15 
Harebie, R., 12 
Lusbie, R., j6 
Bullingbrok, R., 60 
Rathbie, R., 18 
Enderbie, R., 63 
Hundlebie, V., 33 
Wetterkeale, R., 46 

Esterkeale, R., 48 
Tointon, Peter, R., 48 
Tointoni Omn S'cor', V., 40 
Haltonne, R., 63 
Stepinge, P*., R., 39 
ThorDp, v., 42 
Haugnnebie, V., 8 
Spillesbie, C (no return) 

Dribie, R., 10 
Sotterbie, 8 
Skendlebie, V^ 27 
Screimbie, R., x8 


Frithbanke, 24 

Lathorpe, 6 
Westerkealecoti, 18 
Cots, 7. 


Grebbie, 5 

(To be continuea.) 

127. The Mural Tablet, Scamblesby Church. — 
Addendum. — While illustrating (what seems to me) the 
studied character of the inscription as a whole, and of particular 
expressions in it, and without in the least implying that the 
scholarship, which one cannot but acknowledge — is tinged with 
pedantry because it is precise — it may be permissible to draw 
attention to another noticeable though minute point, which 
might easily escape the eye of the cursory reader. 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 253 

By ^^superstite quarto" he seems to mean (I only hazard it 
as a suggestion) rather more than merely "^ fourth child 
surviving" : he certainly conveys that^^, but he has his own 
way of doing it. This "fourth was in feft the eldest ; and the 
fa(^ he wishes to convey, and the view of it, is that this one, 
with the three named, constituted the whole of the family. 

The order in which the three deceased are mentioned is 
(apparently) not that of their deaths^ but of their births : 
Henry the 2nd son died in 1628, predeceased by Thomas the 
3rd, in 1627 i Anne followed in 1629: and what Mr. F. T., 
the sorrowing father, seems to convey, what he means to put 
before the mind of a reader, but puts in his own way — by 
" superstite quarto " — is " the 4th and only surviving one " : 
three taken and one left —and " quarto " is, to him, not " fourth 
in order," but " one besides the three." 

We are familiar with "Noah the eighth person," now 
translated, and rightly (R.V.), " with seven others " ; and he is 
probably conveying the extent of his bereavement in this — his 
own — way, perhaps finding solace in it, by adopting this idiom, 
familiar no doubt to him. ^schylus describes the well-known 
commandment of special sanditv, one of The Three of old 
time, as " This Third ordinance,' meaning, " this, with two 
others" ; where Scholefield annotates — " non tertium ordine, 
sed cum duobus aliis," and refers to Bp. Pearson's illustrative 
note on the idiom.* Mr. F. T. it appears to me expresses in 
this way the fa£l, that only this one was left him (which was the 
h&^ as we learn elsewhere), because he might easily have said 
"only one surviving," but he mas^ it under his somewhat 
studied compression, and I see in it another note, or trait, of 
his scholarship^ and the characteristics thereof. 

T. F. 


128. Altar on Rood Lofts — and Medi-sval Church 
Arrangement.— Although we cannot in the pi^esent days 
understand their utilitv, yet there is no doubt that altars were 
used on the rood loft m some, but probably rare, instances. I 
have a list of some of them, but cannot just now lay niy hand 
on it. During the recent restoration of Frampton Church, 

* Bp. Pearten on the Cretd, Vol. II., p. 127, note. 


254 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

Lincolnshire, it seems evident that such an altar formerlv 
existed in the rood loft, for, on removing the plaster whicn 
defaced the stone, a beautiful little square mullioned window 
was found on the south side above this loft, and beneath it a 
square hole, and inside the hole a broken portion of a piscina, 
possibly the projecting lip which was hewn off to make a fair 
face for the plaster which covered the aperture. The masons, 
imagining this piece was merely placed inside with other 
rubbish to fill up the hole, unfortunately destroyed or lost it 
before its existence was known to myself, so it cannot be 
replaced, but the very fa£l of its undoubted find in that 
position, the singularity of the aperture being there without 
any apparent reason, and the peculiarity of this little window, 
which must have been inserted to throw light upon some office 
performed beneath it, lead me to conclude that St. Mary's, 
Frampton^ Lincolnshire, must be reckoned as one of the 
churches having had an altar in its rood loft. If anyone can 

five any other explanation of the above-named circumstances, 
shall Se elad to receive it. 

I shall also be pleased to find any elucidation of the probable 
cause and utility of the following original plan of Frampton 
Church. When the aisle walls were stript it was found that the 
porches or doors had been where the 2nd windows on either 
side now exist, and the windows had then occupied the site of 
the present door. This would place the former doors about the 
centre of the church, leaving the western half as ante-church. 
The floor was also raised in the eastern portion about 5 inches 
above the ante-church. The body of the church left east- 
ward was thus curtailed to 24 feet, as the choir and transepts 
were screened ofF between the church and chancel. The 
transepts had 3 recesses or niches, in one of which was found 
the slab of a stone altar and a piscina in the adjacent wall. 
Were they all for altars ? 

Until Puritanical pews were brought in, it is probable chat 
the levels of the floor continued, even after the transposition of 
doors and windows, for although the arches and capitals of the 
pillars range throughout, yet the bases of the two on either side 
eastward were built minus their lower members, which must 
have always given them the appearance of being partially 
buried by the raised floor line, but this was not found the case, 
for they stand on the walls of the Norman fabric and never had 
their proper lower member as the four western pillars always 


Lincolnshire Notes & Queries. 255 

Why should the doors have been in the centre and then 

removed westward ? Why should there have been this step or 

• rise in the centre of the nave and aisles ? What services or 

uses would the large ante-church and capacious choir and 

transepts be put to ? 

C. T. J. Moore. 
Frampton Haltj Boston, 

129. Garford Family of Gedney. — Wanted evidence 
of the parentage of John Garford, who was married at Gedney, 
1740; also date of his birth or Baptism. He had a sister 
Elizabeth, and his parents names were probably John and Mary. 

3, Vernon Chambers^ John Garford. 

London^ W.C. 

130. MuLTON, Claymond, AND Gra FAMILIES. — Can 
any correspondent show me the conne£Uon between these 
families ? The former were seated at Moulton till their heiress, 
Maude, married Sir William Welby of Frampton (circa 1300) 
and carried the Moulton castle and estate into the Welby 
family, who then removed from Frampton to Moulton ; but 
another branch of the Multons appear to have remained at 
Frampton as lords of the manor of Multon in Frampton, and 
regularly presented chantry priests to the Chapel of St. James 
within the said manor. It was in the year 1349 when Sir John 
de Multon appears the last of the name to present. In 1356, 
John Claymond of Frampton presents "Thomas Clement to 
the Chantry Chapel of St. James in manerio quondam Domini 
Johannis de Multon in Frampton.*' Then in 1382 the presen- 
tation is made by "Thomas Gra of Gort and Matilda his 
wife.*' The presentation apparently belonged to this Matilda 
Gra. Who was she? a Claymond or a Multon? 

To sum up my enquiries, I want information on the follow- 
ing subjefb : 

1. What was the conne£Hon between the Multon families 
of Frampton and Moulton ? 

2. What connection was there between the Multons and 
Claymonds, both of Frampton ? 

3. Who was Matilda wife of Thomas Gra of York ? 

4. Who was the aforesaid Thomas Gra? 

5. How did Magdalen College, Oxford, become possessed 
of the manor of Multon hsul in Frampton ? 


256 Lincolnshire Notes & ^eries. 

6. When did the Chapel of St. James cease to exist ? The 
last recorded presentation is in 1382. It was never 
annexed to the Parish Church but in separate patronage, 
but the latter was acquired by the Prior and Convent of 
Durham, circa 1387, for in 1386 Sir Ralph de Lomley 
and William de Blakeston present, and in 1387 the 
Prior and Convent of Durham, and they retained the 
patronage until the dissolution. 
Any information upon any of the above subjeds I shall be 
thankful for. 

Frampton Hall^ Boston, C. T. J. Moore. 

f>i ^#x f^ ^K <♦! t#i <♦> f#i i^ f#i f^ i#i ^i. xfc- .^fc. ^x ife ifc ^b^^i^^^J^^^^^^^^^ ^K ^i ^^ ^^ ^\ ^^ 


A Handbook to the Ancient Courts of Probate and Depositories 
of fTtlls. By Geo. W. Marshall, LL.D., Rouge Ooix. 
London: Horace Cox. 1895. 8vo., pp. vi., 75. 

The title of this little book explains its objefl. Anybody 
who has had to search for wills knows how very difficult they 
often are to find, simply because the searcher does not know 
where to look for them. Dr. Marshall, in giving a calendar of 
all the Courts exercising testamentarv jurisdifHon prior to 
1858, has smoothed the path of the will-hunter, and made his 
task infinitely easier, by telling him where to go. If only the 
authorities of Somerset House would print and circulate an 
index of the wills of C.P.C, and if provincial authorities 
would follow suit, our difFculties would indeed be reduced to a 
minimum ! 

The Prebendal Courts of this county mentioned are — 
Bishop's Norton, 16 13; Caistor, 1636; Corringham, 1632; 
Gretton, 1684 ; Heydour, 1669 ; Louth, 1659 ; New Sleaford, 
1 610; Stow in Lindsey, 1610. A it^<7»«r Court at Kirkstead, 
1752 ; z.TecuUar Court at Kirton in Lindsey, 1535 ; while at 
Lincoln there were (i) the Consistory^ Commissary^ and Arch-- 
deacor!s [of Lincoln] Courts, 1320 ; (2) the Commissary 
Court of the Bishop, and Court of the Archdeacon of Stow, 
1505 ; and (3) Court of the Dean and Chapter, 1271. 

The present place of deposit of the Wills of the various 
Courts is at Lincoln, though in the case of the Manor Court 
of Kirkstead, it is unknown. 



■ onRood-lafU, 153 

|h>m, Goche of, 109, 157, 191 

„ Edward ind the Nunf o(, 178 

„ Priory Reguttr, 8; 

nt Arm* ind Uuniilt fouDd in 

■colnthin, 16, 61, Ai, 114, 1(4, 2]S 

■1 apparitioni in Lincolnihire, 14.6 

■, The Maw, 87 

d of Coleby, 91 

igement, Medizvil Church, 153 

Ime, lile of, Foreign Refugtu in. 

HAM of Wiinfleet, 80 

•ncj of Sit Edward HuiKy, 1^7 

non-Humber,' XVth Century, 197 
Ig, John, Will of, Wiinfleel Recordi, 

u Sir Ralph Maddigc 


YWillismund the Dutch Conpt- 

lon in Lincolnihire, 150 

«broke CaXle, Ghoil in, lot 

ed Road, 16, 64, iiS 

Ay Family, 1 J9 

in,Sl. Micharl'i, 1S9, lii 

s. Rev. William, a6 

Tiing and Stovin ramiliei, 6a 

h-le-Manh Guild Ccrtificato, 54 

ffvalTheddlethorpcAUSainli,!, 55 

•le. See of, aod Hamnille Manor, 


T, Rev, John, 107 

ed Slone Slab in Pantry, Lincoln, 97 

Iron Family, 64 

Iderton, Bithop, Inititulion of, <4 

mry Inquiiilian, i ] Hen. VlL, 


Coniiholme, Field Namei, 14 
County MuKum for Lincoln, 164 
Crowning of Juki, ij 

Dauav. JoihuB, Lincoln, 87 

Dutch Congregation and Biihop Willi 

in Lincolnihire, 150 
Dymoclt, Robert, mi», 106 
Dymoke Family, iviii"' Cent., 5 
Dyraokei of Fiiiltney and Fulletby, i 
Dymoke Will, An Early, 11 

Early Charlen relating to Tetford, IiS 
Early Lincoln Will, A.D. 1180, 99 
Edward *nd the Nuni of Alringham, 17S 
Ermine Street, 14 

Ewera, Sir Peter, of Lincolnihire. 26 
Eicerpti from Grimoldby Pariah Regiitera, 

Eichequer Subiidiei (Lay), County of 

Lincoln, 71 
Eilent of Greelham Minor, A.D. i]]I, 

Ellent of Manor of Scriveliby, 1 

Family of Boothby,iS9 
„ „ Cawdron, 64 
„ „ Dymoke, iTiii* Cent^ s 
„ „ Garfgrd of Gedney, 25s 
„ „ Howard of Wrawby, 88 
„ „ Huntingdon, 190 

„ Rochford, 128, i;4 

„ Rooi and Mere, 61 

„ Slaughter, 189 

„ Storin, 89 

„ Stovin and Browning, 6a 



Feet of Fines, Lincoln, Hen. VII^ 21 
Field Names, Conisholme, &c., 24 
Field Names, 82 

„ „ in Spanby, 149 
Foreign Refugees in the Isle of Axholme, 

24, 88. 
Fowler, Rev. J., Vicar of Horncastle, 24, 

French War, Relic of, 193 

Frieston V. Fishtoft, A.D. 1477, 151 

Frost, Severe, A.D. 1697, 145 

Garford Family, of Gedney, 255 
Ghost in Bolingbroke Castle, loi 
Goche of Alvingham, 109, 157, 191 
Great Storm, Xmas., A.D. 1708, 84 
Greetham, Extent of Manor of, 122 
Grimoldby Parish Registers, 112, 190 
Guild Certificates, fiurgh-le-Marsh, 51 

Haltham, Tympanum over South Door 

of Church, 161 
Holbeach High Cross, 33 

„ * Parish Records, 66 
Homcastle, Records of Ancient, 16, 57, 
116, 185,217, 234 
„ Manor and See of Carlisle, 

Howard of Wrawby, Family of, 88 

Huntingdon Family, 190 

Hussey, Sir Edward's Baronetcy, 1 37 

Inquisition, Chancery, pott mortem^ Henry 

VII. No. 2, 8 
Inquisitions, p.m., Co. Line, temp.y Henry 

VII., 107 
Institutions of Bishop Chadderton, 54 

Jacks, Crowning of, 25 
Joshua Drewery, Lincoln, 87 
Justices of Peace, for Lindsey, A.D. 1626, 

King Richard II. and his Supporters, 209 

Langdalb, of Waltham, 56 
Lincoln Cathedral, Precinft Wall, 54 

„ County Museum for, 164 

„ Early Will, A.D. 1280, 99 

„ Inquisitions p.m., 107 

„ Leper Hospital of Holy Innocents, 

Lincolnshire and Lincoln M.P. s, 195 

Pedigrees from the Plee 

Rolls, 37 

Place Names, 170 

Records, 74, loi, 213, 241 




Lincolnshire, XVIIth Century Account of, 
„ State of, temp. Elizabeth, 252 

List of Justices of Peace for Lindsey, A.D. 
1626, 181 

Mablethorp£, Malberthorpe, 127, 156 
Manchester Postmaster, 121 
Manor of Scrivelsby, Extent of, 2 
Marmion of Scrivelsby, 12 X, 154 
Mass Army, 87 

Mediaeval Church Arrangement, 253 
Mere and Roos Families, 62 
Meres Family, 191 
Miningsby, Sepulchral Stones, 225 
Monument, Ancient Welby, 153 
Mural Tablet in Scamblesby Church, 208, 

„ „ Addendum, 252 

Museum, A County, for Lincolnshire, 164 

Notes on Revesby, 129 

Old Account of Sedgebrook, 98, 155 

Paradiss Land, 189 

Parish Records of Holbeach, 66 
„ Registers, Publication of, 18 
„ Registers, Additional, 63. 

Pedigrees, Lincolnshire, from the Plea 
Rolls, 37 

Place Names, Lincolnshire, 170 

RATCLYrr, John, Knight, Inquisition, 

post mortem^ 8 
Records of Ancient Horncastle, 16, 57, 

116, 185,217,234 
Refugees, foreign, in the Isle of Axholme, 

Registers, Parish, Publication of, 18 

„ Additional, 63 
Relic of Old French War, 193 
Reredos, Lincoln, 97, 160 
Revesby, Notes on, 129 
Reviews of Books 

jiacunt Courts of Probate^ Handbook to the^ 


Cust Family, Records of the. Part I., 94 
Holbeach Parish Renters, 1 606- 1 64 1, 28 
HorbGng Parish Repsters, 1 65 3*1 8 37* 
222 1* _J 

MerU (JV,) Weather Joamal, 1 3 37-1 344* 

Norton Disney, Parish Memorials, 29 
Pedigree Forms ( PhUCmore), 96 

Richard II. and his supporters, 208 

Rochford Family, 128, 154 


Index . 


Rood Loftt, Altar on, 253 
R008 and Mere Families, 62 

ScAMBLESBY, Mural Tablet, 208, 230, 254 
Scrivelsby, Extent of Manor of, 2 
„ Marmion of, 121, 154 

Sedgebroolc, Old Account of, 98, 155 
Sepulchral Stones at Miningsby, 225 
XVIIth Century Account of Lincolnshire, 


Severe Frost of 1697, 145 

Slaughter Family, 189 

Smith, Thomas c. 1510, 88 

Snowden Family, 14 

Spanby Field Names, 149 

Stourton, Barony of 26 

State of Lincolnshire, temp, Elizabeth, 247 

St. Leonard's Priory, Stamford, 65 

St. Michael's, Boston, 189 

Storm, Great, Xmas., 1708, 84 

Stovin Family, 89 

Stovin and Browning Families, 62 

Tax on Male Servants, List of Persons 
who paid in 1780, 200 

Tetford, Early Charters, 228 
Testa de Neville, 172 
Theddlethorpe All Saints' Canopy, i, 55 
Thorald, Will of T- N., A.D. 1280, 99 
Tympanum at Haltham, 161 

Upton Family, 23 

Wainflbbt, Barkham of, 80 

„ Records, Will of John Bat- 

tyng, 49 
Waltham, Langdale of, 56 
Welby Ancient Monument, 153 
Wellingore Church and Domesday Book, 

Wingfelde, Charles, A.D. 1575, 63. 

SuppLXMSNTS to Parts IL, III., IV., and 

Lincolnshire Folk Names of Plants. 

The Existing 



it if if 
Second Supplement, 

if if if 

Since the closing of the list in the number of Line, N, i^ ^ 
for Oft., 1892, I have discovered the existence of a few more, 
partly by my own research, and partly by the courtesy of 
different informants. It is too much to hope that even now 
the list is absolutely complete, though there cannot be much 
aftermath left. May I again entreat the Clergy of Lincolnshire 
and others who may come across an unrecorded brass in any 
church to let me know of it, with full and accurate details ? 

Shorwell Ficarage, Isle of Wight. G. E. Jeans. 

Bourn, Abbey Church. S. wall, chancel. 

James Digby, 1751. 

A brass plate set on a blue slab, bearing a shield with arms, 
az. a fleur-de-lis or, impaling gu. 3 lions rampant, and 
inscription : — 

"James Digby Esq' | Ob* Aug* 20**^ Anno Domini 1751 | 
iEtatis suae 44." 

Croft. Pavement, S. aisle. 

2. Agnes Worship, 161 5. 

Redangular plate inserted in slab, with inscription : — 

"Here lieth the bodie of Agnes Worship, a woman 
matchless both for wisdom and godliness. Shee was 
the wife of William Worship, Doftor of Divinitie and 
minister of Croft, and departed this life the 6*^ daie of 
May, Ano i6i5.'' 

Line, Arch. Soc, Rep.^ 1865, p. 69 ; 1892, p. 164. 

Dr. William Worship, Vicar 1 599-1 625, gave the handsome 
pulpit, which is dated 161 5, the year of his wife's death. 

Su^ement to Lines, N, & ^., JoHuary^ 1895. 


DoRRiNGTON. Chancel pavement. 

Elizabella Oldfeild, 1686. 

On slab, redbingular plate, 11^ by 8^ in., with inscription in 
capitals : — 

" Here Ijreth | the body of I Elizabella | late wife of | 
Anthony | Oldfeild Gen* I who departed I this life tbe 
16 I Ian. 1686.'' 

TroUope, Slea/brdy p. 23? fgiven as Elizabeth Oldfield). 

The Oldfeilds (or Oldhelds), of Metheringham (see also 
Spalding^ Suppl. i., p. 20), acquired lands in Dorrington early 
in the 17th century. 

H ARMSTON. On wall of organ-chamber^formerly in pavement. 

1. Margaret Thorold, 16 16, 

Long re£bingular plate, 21 by 7 in., with inscription in 
capitals : — 

" Here lyeth the bodye of M''" Margaret Thorold wydowe 
sometimes the wyfe of Wiliam Thorold of Harmstone 
)sq' I deceased by whomeshee had 19 children whereof 
8 were sonnes vz. William George Richard Anthony 
Edmond Thomas | Phillip and Henrye and eleven 
daughters vz. lane Anne | Mary Svsan Fravncis Sara 
Elizabeth Fravncis Ivdith | Prvdence and Martha shee 
departed this life the 20*** day of Aprill Ann® Dni 161 6 
being aged 80 yeares." 

2. On wall of organ-chamber ; formerly in pavement. 
William Thorold, 161 6. 

Long rectangular plate, i8| by 4 in., with inscription in 
capitals : — 

"Here lyeth the bodye of William Thorold Esqr the 
eldest son of William Thorold of Harmstone Esqr 
deceased who was second brother vnto S' Anthony 
Tho I rold of Marstone Knight deceased he depted 
this life y* 8**^ | day of Avgvst An® Dni 161 6 being 
aged 59 years and 7 moneths." 

HuTTOFT. Pavement, N. aisle. 
Katherine Johnson, c 1660. 

Long redlangular plate, 1 8 by 5 in., inserted in slab, with 
inscription in capitals : — 

"Kather: Iohns®° 
and Mechant 

davghter of Thomas lohnson Citizen 
Taylor of London and wife of Isacke 
lohn*^ Esq' | of whom this adioyninge monvmet doth 
I more largelye speake." 

The "adjoining monument" has, unhappily, long dis- 
appeared. Alderman Thomas Johnson by his will^ dated 
Sept. 3, 1624, left his lands chargeable with ^i for the poor of 

There is a matrix of a foliated cross in the nave pavement. 

Langtoft. Chancel pavement. 
Sarah Walcot, 1651. 

A black slab bearing the arms incised. Quarterly i and 4 
erm, a chevron between 3 chess-rooks erm. JValcot^ 2 and 3 
per fess and erm in chief a demi-lion rampant, and underneath 
the inscription, in capitals : — 

" Deus dedit | ^ternis mutasse caduca." 
Below this a brass plate with inscription in capitals : — 
" Here lyeth the body of Sarah the wife of | Bernard Walcot 
of Langtoft in the covnty | of Lincolne Esq. by whome 
he had issve fower | sonnes and three davghters : who 
dyed the | 24*** of Avgvst A*» Dni. 1651. 

Thou bedd of rest reserve for htm a rooxne 
Who lives a man divorced from his deare wife, 
That as they were one hart so this one tombe 
May hold them near in death as linclct in life. 
She's gone before and after comes her head 
To sleepe with her among the blessed dead." 

North Carlton. Chancel. 
2. Sir Robert Monson. 

Re£langular plate 12^ by 5^ in., with shield of arms in 
lower right hand corner, and inscription in capitals in which 
two letters are frequently joined : — 

" Here lyeth the body of S' Robert | of S' Robert Movnson 
K°* ttie 3 sone of S' lohn | Movnson of Sovth Carleton 
in ttie | covnty of Lincolne who | was tKe last pvrctieser 
of I Norttt Carleton after tKe death of his father." 
Allen, Lincolnshire^ ii., p. 58. 

Stamford, St. John's. E. wall of S. chantry. 

4. Philip Johnson, 1683. 

Redangular plate with inscription in italic lettering : — 

" Here lyeth the Body of Phillip | Johnson Gent, who 

departed this | Life the 11*** day of January | Anno 

Dom. 1683 aged 76." 
Wall of S. aisle. 

5. Robert Ridlington, 1766. 

A shield-shaped brass with ornamental bordering, bearing 
inscription in four different kinds of lettering : — 

"Rob* Ridlington | Alderman | Died 25*?* April 1766 | 

aged 60.'* 
He was Mayor of Stamford in 1755. 

SwiNESHEAD. Wall of vestrjT. 

Sir John Lockton, engraved 1628. 

Rectangular plate, formerly on an altar-tomb in the chancel, 
with inscription : — 

*' Nere this place doth lie the boddy of Sir John Lockton 
Knight who departed this life in the 56*** yeare of his 
age upon the 9 day of January in the year of our 
Redemtion i6ic. Whoe had by Dame Francis his 
wife II children, three only living, William John and 
Francis. Which Dame Francis yet surviving at her 
owne cost and charges in token of her love and to the 
living memory of her deceased husband hath ereded 
this Monument Anno Domini 1628.*^ 

There are also 8 vv. in English, inscribed on marble. 

Line. Arch. Soc, Rep.^ 1870, p. 206, 1882, p. xcix ; Allen, 
Lincolnshire^ i, p. 357. 

Sir John Lockton lived at Swineshead Abbey, famous for 
its conne6lion with the death of Kin^ John, and built the 
still existing house on the site, 1607. Flis tomb was ruthlessly 
broken up about 40 years ago. Two alabaster figures from it 
and the two inscriptions noted above are now preserved in the 

Welbourn. Pavement, nave, 

Henrietta Riley, 1696. 

A peculiar shaped plate, about 20 by 6 in., with centrepiece 
proje£ling ^ in. at top and i^ in. at bottom; in centre a 
shield of arms with much floral ornamentation ; on dexter 
side supported by a winged hour-glass, on sinister by skull and 
cross-bones ; below, in capitals — the names in larger capitals — 
inscription : — 

"Here lieth the body of Henrietta late wife of Robert 
Riley of | Welbourn Esq' who exchanged this life for a 
better the 3 of Ian. (in small text) 1696." 

On the projedKng plate, in small text, the inscription : — 

**If Youth and Virtue could not tave 
A fruitful woman from the grave 
Reader Prepare for you must be 
Subject to Death's tyrannie." 

Lincolnshire Folk Names 


This short catalogue has been collected hy many workers 
during the last three years, while I have been making researches 
concerning the Flsra of the County, The names have been 
taken in part from the few topographical works which contain 
local plant lists, more rarely from casual notices in the county 
newspapers, and most frequently from the lips of country 
people, by one or other of the colledtors for the public Herbar- 
ium and future Fkra. Every known source of information has 
been gone through, including the Giosiaries of the late J, E. 
Brogden, Esq., Edward Peacock, Esq., and the Rev. R. E. G. 
Cole, as well as Messrs, Britten and Holland's English Plant 
Names. Each of these works has been found a valuable mine 
of fadte — the latter has been especially helpful in every way. 
The following gentlemen, also, have kindly read through the 
whole manuscript, and made additions of names and loc^ities : 
— H. Waltis Kew, Esq. ; J. Burtt Davy, Esq. } the Rev. R. 
E. G. Cole; as well as Miss M. G. W. Peacock and 
Miss W. Fowler. 

Will my readers who remember or hear names not yet 
included in this catalogue kindly communicate them to me^ 
It is my intention to republish this list, with any additions that 
may come in, as an appendix to the Flora of Lincolnshirt that 
I am preparing. To insure absolute accuracy of identification, 
green specimens of the plants referred to should be inclosed 

&iffUmita 10 Lmci. N. & S^., Afril, 1894. 

along with the letter giving the new "word-names." The 
scientific nomenclature is that of Messrs. Britten and Holland, 
or, where that fails me, of the 8th edition of the London 
Catalogue, The wapentake, hundred, liberty, soke, borough, or 
parish in which each name is still commonly used is alwa]rs given 1 

where it is known -, in the case of Press notices it is some- 
times found impossible to add them. The name of a parish is 
always followed by a letter simifying whether it is the division 
of Lmdsey, Kesteven, or Holland. 

The phrases " a common,** or " the general name,** explain 
themselves. For instance. Damson is the genera/ name for the 
plum, said to have been introduced into this country from 
Damascus, and which, as far as my present information goes, 
is called by no other ; while Furze^ Gosse^ and ff^hin are each 
a common name for one shrub Ulex europceus^ L. 

In conclusion, I wish to thank all those who have in any 
way helped me with this catalogue. 

E. Adrian Woodruffe -Peacock. 
Cadney Vicarage^ Brigg, 

AARON'S BEARD.— ^nrtf saBeifilia, L. $ North-west Lindsey.— £. P. 

AARON'S ROD,— reriascum TJi^u, L. ; Winterton, L. '* So caUed from its 
UU straight stem."~B. Sc H. 

AREA HAM, ISAAC, and JACOE.~I, Bor^ orieHUiBs, L. ; 2, Sfmfikftmm 
ifficwaU, L. ; 3, EcJtium vulgart^ L. ; 4, Ptthnonaria tfidnads^ L. i, 3, ft 
4, Bottesford, L. ; 2, Boultham, K. So called from the three ihades in 
the £ided, freshly-opened flowers, and buds. — £. A. W.-P. 

ACORN-TREE.— i^oM Rointr, L. ; Cadney, L. 

ADAM and EVE. — jirum maculatum^ L. ; North-west Lindsey. — E. P. 

ADAM'S APPLE.— f/iib^arm Mraittm, L. ; Brandon, K.— J. B. D. 

ADAM'S FLANNEL.— ^^r^tfiOMB Thaftui, L. $ North Lines.— B. & H. 

AGRIMONY. — jigiimoiM Eyfatoria^ L. ; Howsham and Sturton-by-Stowe, L. $ 
GrafToe and Fulbecl^ K. " Boiled with Wood Betony— &«cijw Betomtm^ 
Benth — and a root of Dandelion, to make a cooling drink." — R. £. G. C 
** An ingredient in Herb-beer.** J. B. D. 

*AIRIFF.=See Hmrlff. 

AKE.— Orc»t Robur, L.— See HaUiwell's Diamary. Obsolete ? 

ALDER, yf\l,T),—(Egopodmm Podagraria^ L. ; Grantham, K. 

ALIWAYS.— Wright's DiaUmary says *• Aloes." Obsolete ? 

ALL-GOOD. — CAeiwtndttim Bonus HmrkuSy L. ; Cadney, L. 

AMERICAN WEED.— £Um canaJaim, Mich.— General. 

APOSTOLINE ?— See B. & H. Obsolete. 

ANISE.— The seeds of Pimpineila Amsum^ L. 

AROMATIC ORCHIS.— /ftf^mtfrw cumfua, Benth. ; Louth, L.— H. W. K. 

ARSE-SMART.— Po/y.;0ifvm Persicara^ L. ; North-west Lindsey. 

ASH. — Fraxhna exceimr^ L. ; General. 

ASH-KEYS. — The fruit of Fraxhna txcdmr^ L. $ Bottesford and North Kelsey, L. 

ASH-PLANT. — A sapling, or perhaps rather a young shoot from an old stump, of 

Fraxinut excelsior ^ L. j Bottesford, L. 
ASH-WEZD.'-lEgoftHiaim fodegraria, L. j Fulbeck. K.~J. B. D. 
ASP W. ^Tttta farvifoiia, L. j Lea, L. 
AUTUMN-CROCUS.— Ca/rifciOTf autumnale, L. ; Ashby an4 Bigby, L., in which 

parishes it is found wild now. 
BACHELOR'S BUTTONS.— i, The garden form of the diity— BeiBs feremds^ L. ; 

2, Sometimes a very small garden rose ; 3, A small double-flowered form 
of Ramatubu acris, ^* > 4i Kerria JafomcOy L. 1,2, and 3, Bottesford, L. } 
4, South Kelsey, L. 
BAD-MAN'S-PLAYTHING.— ^Ai//!Ba Milkfi&m, L. ; Grimsby, L.— W. R. 
BALSAM POPLAR.— Pi^tt/Kr balumifera^ L. ; Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
BARBERRY. — Berteris vulgarity L. ; Bottesford, L. '* A tea made from the twigt 

or bark of this bu^h is used locally in cases of gall-stone and jaundice." — 

F. P. 
BARLEY. — Hordeum vulgare^ L. ; General. 
BASS, BASSWOOD, and BAST.— TiiSa farw/oTia, L. ; Lindsey and Kesteven. 

** Basswood, in Somerby, is probably named from its abounding in this 

tree \ and the mats made of the bark are called basses." — Adam Stark's 

Parish of Lea, with Lea fFood, &r., 1841, foot note i, p. 7. The name is 

applied elleptically to various articles made, or once made, from the inner 

bark of this tree, or any similar article } «.^., a mat, a hassock, a flat 

plaited bag or flexible basket. See Dr. Murray's Diffioaaiy, 
BASTARD CHlCKWEED.^Bufoma tenmfoRa, L. ; Boston, H.— A *' book-name" 

only used by the late Pishey Thompson. 
BAUM, and BAWME.— Afr/ffia offciHoTts^ L. ; Bottesford, L. 
BAW-TRESS.— &m^itfia nigra, L. { North-west Lindsey. 
BAY or BAY-TREE.— Ltfirnn nohitu, L. j of gardens. — General. 
BEAR'S FOOT,— Hellehorusfeetuiia, L. ; Bottesford and Cadney, L. 
BEE-FLOWER.- C^MTtfif/Aiu Oiari, L. $ Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
BEE-NETTLE. — i, Lamittm album, L. ; z, ftofuretm, L. ; 3, maadatum, L. 1 & 2 

Graffoe, K. ; 3, Bottesford, L. 
BENT.— iV4B-iM striaa, L. ; Isle of Axholme.— W. P. 
BERGAMOT.— Momrt/tf /xfH/ostf, L. ; of gardens. Bottesford, L. — F. P. 
BERRY, BERRY-BUSH, and BERRY-TREE.— The frvit and bush of Riha 

Grotsularia, L. — General. 
BESS-0'BELLAM.— P/fiim^i Hyhrida, r.«., veris X vulgaris; Alford, L. " It u said 

about Alford, that if you plant them in the garden * wrong side up ' they 

will produce pink flowers." — J. B. D. There is a similar wide-spread 

tradition about the primrose and cowslip, which has originated from the 

well-known fadi, that change to richer soil produces colour variation of 

more or less intensity. 
BETONY and WOOD BETONY.— S^^ij^i Betcmea, Benth. Graffoc, K. 

** Boiled up with Agrimony and Dandelion to make a cooling drink." — R. 

E. G. C. 
BIG-BINDER.— GmtioAc«/Kf sefam^ L. ; Howsham, L. 
BIG-DAISY. — Chrysanthemum Lencanthemum, L. ; Bottesford, L. 
BILBERRY, and the fruit BILBERRIES.— i, yatdmum Oxycoecus, L. j 2, Ruhus 

cersiui, L. i, Isle of Axholme, W. P. ; 2. Tothill, L.— S. A. 
BIND, or BIND-WEED.— I, Qurvokmlus aivenm, L. \ 2, C. Sefium, L. i & 2, 

Bottesford, L. ; i, Fulbeck, K., and Sturton-by-Stowe, L. — ], B. D. 
BIRD CHERRY.— PrMUtf Avtum, L. Bottesford, L. 
BIRD'S-EYE. — ^A general name for various species of Vtmmca, Lindsey and 

BIRDS-IN-A-NEST.— FumoTM uiUda, L. } Lincoln market. 
BIRD'S TONGUE.— &wri0 fabuksus^ L. ; Boultham, K.— It grew till fifty years 

ago on the banks of ditches near Braford water, half a mile from Lincoln. 

— T. V. W. 

BIRK and BIKKTKEE.— Betuia alta, L. ; Lindsey and fCesteven. *" Birkwine it, 
or till lately was, made from the tap of this tree in the neighbourhood of 
Twigmore, Lindscy.'*— M. G. W. P. " Part of Lea Wood is called the 
Birkar from having many birch trees in it.*' — ^Adam Stark's ParisJk ofLu, 
1 84 1, p. 6, foot note. 

BLACK -BERRIED H^ATH. -^Emfetrum nigrum, L. ; TattershalL— A "book- 
name " only, I believe. 

BLACKBERRY.— I, Ruhus frutkoaa, L., both fruit and tree { 2, Rihes mgntm^ L^ 
of our kitchen gardens ; i & 2, Bottesford, L. 

BLACK-CURRANT. — Ribn nigrum^ L. General. I have any number of recipes 
for " the famous drink. ' 

BLACKTHORN.— Pnonu jj^mom, L. General. '* At Alford I have heard it said 
that if you bring Blackthorn into the house, someone is sure to break 
their arm or leg." — J. B. D. 

BLIND-NETTLE.— See Dead-NetUe. 

BLISTER-PLANT.-" Buttercups, especially Rammettlus aeru, L. ; used by the 
*■ herb women * for blisters." — B. & H. 

BLOODY- WALL-FLOWER.— The "dark crimson '* variety of Ckeirwitha ddri, 
L. \ Louth and Alford, L. 

BLOODY-WARRIOR.— See last. North Kelsey and Winterton, L.- W. F. 

BLUE-BELL. — i, Scilla mttaut, L. ; 2, Campanula rotundtfiSa^ L. i & 2, Bottesford, 
L. ; I, Tothill, L., and Graffoe, K. ; a, Louth, L. 

BLUE-BOTTLE.— Onrtfurof Cvamis, L. ; Fulbeck, K.— J. B. D. 

BOAR-THISTLE. — Cardma Lmceolatus, L. "So called to distinguish it from the 
Sow-Thistles (&»rA<u)."— R. £. G. C. Graffbe, K. 

BOG-HORNS.— Pf<auV«< vnJgari^ Desf. ; "Children use the hollow stalks as 
horns or trumpets." — B. & H. 

BOG-MYRTLE.— A^iiftf Gale, L. ; North-west Lines.— F. P. 

BOG-RHUBARB.— Peftfti/rx vulgaris, Desf. ; Bottesford, L. 

BOSTON ?— See N. & ^., Ser. i, Vol. X., pp. 182 & 291. 

BOX and BOXTREE.— ^mtux semper^ens, L. "The former name is applied to 
the border edging only, the latter to the bushy shrub.** — F. P. 

BRACKEN or BRAKE. — Pteris afuilina, L. ; Lindsey and Kesteven. 

BRAMBLES. — The fruit and shrubs of various species and varieties of the genus 
Rtt^. " All over the County the children talk of * going nutting and 
brambling.'" — J. B. D. "Bramble vinegar is made as raspberry vinegar 
is, using the fruit of the Ruln.*'^K, E. G. C. Graffbe. 

BRANT BARLEY. — Triticum monococcum, L., in all probability — the German Si, 
Peter's Com. If so it is an extindl casual only mentioned in Thomas 
Johnson's Gerard^ 1636, p. 74. 

BREAD-AND-CHEESE.— I, Young leaves and shoots of Crateegus oxyacantha -, 
Fulbeck, K. — ^J. B. D. 2, The seeds of Malva sylvestrit, L ; North-west 
Lindsey. — E. P. 

BREER or BRIAR.— Various species of Rua, General. 

BRIAR ROSE. — Rosa canina, L., especially. North-west Lindsey. 

BRIDGET-IN-HER-BRAVERY.— LycA»if chalcedomca, L.— See Jmm. Hon., 
Ap. 4, 1878. 

BROOK-LIME. — Veromca Beccalwiga, L. ; Cadney, L. 

BROOM. — Cytisus scoparius. Link. General. There is said to be a male and 
female Broom in the township of Holme in the parish of Bottesford, L. 
The male plant never flowers, and is said to be found in a small plantation 
near the Hall.— W. F. What can this be ? At Doddington, K. The 
Broom is tlso called " Heder and Sheder," male and female. — R. E. G. C. 
The flowers are used to make wine in the latter place ; and the green 
shoots boiled as a remedy for dropsy. The celebrated Uncoin-green was a 
dye, it is said, made originally from the blue of the Woad — Isatis tinfhria, 
L„ and the yellow of the Broom. But this is a mistake, or at least in 
later times surely the Dyer's Weed — Genista tinfforia^ L. — which grows 
wild in the county, furnished the yellow. 

BROWN-SHILLERS.— The nuts of Ccrylm AvelUma, L. <* Because when brown 
and ripe they are ready to * shill * out."— R. E. G. C. Graffoe, K. 

BUCK-THlSTL£.'->Gzr<^iau lanceolam, L. ; Bottesford, L.— M. E. W. P. 

BUCKTHORN. — i, RMamma catharticuh, L. ; Cadney, L, ; 2, Prtpou sfinua^ L. ; 
North-west Lines. — E.P. 

BULL-HASSOCKS.— ^rtf caspitosa, L. " So called because they grow like the hair 
on a bull's forehead.'*— M. G. W. P. ** There is a place called BuUkaaoch 
in the parish of Wroot, in (he Isle of Axholme." — £. P. 

BULL-RUSH. — I, Typia iatifolia^ L. i 2, T. anguttfiBa, L. ; in all Divisions; 3, 
Several species of Sdrptu ; Boston, H. 

BULLS-AND-COWS.— .<^vm maculatum, L ; Graffoe, K. 

BULLY and BULLIES. — 1, Pntma imititia, L. ; 2, P. sfhnsa^ L. ; much more 
otten the former than the latter. Bottesford, L., and Graffoe, K. " At 
Fulbeck, K., a distinction is made between Bullies and Sloes, the former 
word being applied to the larger fruit of P, inntitia^ and the latter to the 
fruit of P. ifinosa. After harvest the women and children used to go out 
gathering Bullies for Bullaee vui/u."-^l, B. D. 

BULLY-BLOW.— The blossom of Prtmus, Graffoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 

BUMBLE, or BUMBLES.— &»^ laaatm, L. j Graffoe, K. ** Brought from 
Holland."— R. E. G. C. 

BUR, BURR, and BURRS. — i, Arffium Lappa^ L. ; 2, GaRum Aparim^ L. j both 
at Bottesford, L. — F. P. 

BURDOCK. — ArBium Lappa^ L. General. "' The grated dried stems, administered 

in pills or in water, are used as a local medicine, and are said to be most useful (for 

what disease ?)." Mumby, L.— J. B. D. 

BURNET.— PormiMi i^iciauile^ Hook. f. ; Tothill, L., ** Where the flower-heads are 
used for makmg Bunut vfine" — S. A. 

BURRAGE.— fortf^ ofdnaru, L. ; Bottesford, L.— F. P. 

BUR- REED. — Spargamum ramoum^ Huds. ; Cadney, L. 

BUTTER-AND-EGGS.— A garden variety of Nareustu. Bottesford, L.—M.G.W. P. 

BUTTER-BUR.— Prrtfj7/rx vulgaris^ Desf. ; Bottesford Moors, L. ; Brandon, K. 

BUTTERCUPS. — i. The general name for many species of Rammculm \ 2, More 
rarely PotentiUa anserinay L. At Bottesford, L., they say the yellow of the 
Buttercups colours the butter in the month of June. Children in Lindsey 
hold the flowers under each others chins, and if there happens to be bright 
sunlight and the colour is reflected upon their skin, they are said to *like 

BUTTONS.— The double garden form of BelFu peramsy L. ; Graffoe, K. 

CAMOMILE.— .<^/i»n» nohiSt, L. General. 

CANDLE PLANT ?— A window plant from abroad. Kirton, L.— F. P. 

CANDY-TUFT.— The garden phint 7heris umbeUata^ L. General 

CANTERBURY-BELLS.— G?i«/toiMi/tf latifolia, L. 5 Holme Wood, L.— F. P. 

Carum CanUy L. It is not a native of England, but has been growing 
freelv wild near Boston and recorded several times for Lincolnshire since 
**Jonn Ray's Remains " were printed in 1661. It is still with us at 
Leverton, Benington, &c. 

CAT-BANDS. — Carex arenaria, L. *'A plant that grows with a ruiming under- 
ground root for a yard or more in a straight line. They are about the 
only thing that can exist on the inland dunes, on account of the wind 
shifting the sand continually." — ^W. S. Hardwick Hill, L. 

CAT-BEB.- CmrrAfffAia ruher, DC. } Kirton-in-Lindsey.- M. G. W. P. 

CATCH-FLY. — Antirrhimtm maguSy L, Unfortunately, I made no note at the 
time, and cannot remember whether I heard, was told, or picked this word 
out of a local paper. It is curiously uncommon, appearing in no printed 
work known to me ; and yet the flowers of various species of LinaHa and 
AnthrMfium do often contain and (as I imagine) detain small insects as 
every botanist knows. 

Supplement to Lines. N, & ^ July, 1 8 94. c 

CAT-HAWS. — ^The general name for the fruit oiCrattepa Oxyatmtka^ L. 
CAT-HEAD.— A kind of apple. Bottcsford, L.— E. P. 
CAT-HIPS.— The fruit of Rota caaina, L, j GrafFoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 
CAT-TAILS, or CAT-O'-NINE-TAILS.— A Lindscy name for T^ latifilia, L^ 

and T. anguttifolia^ L. It is alto applied about Louth, L., to a grass, but 

which I have yet to learn. 
CHEATS.— Jnwwia tteriJis, L. **The field is very full of Cheats to-year."— J. E. B. 
CHEESE-CAKES, or CHEESES.— A common name for the seeds of Afaha 

sykfestriSf L. General. 
CHERRY-PIE. — A general name for the garden plant Helktropium pennnampn^ L. 
CHICK-WEED, or CHICKEN- WEED.— The general name for SteUaria media, L., 

and at times of ^. ayuatica^ Scop. 
CHIMNEY-SWEEPERS.— LwMiAi campatrh, V/ill. } Alford, L. See SWEEPS. 
CHRISTMAS-ROSE.— Af//r^»x niget\ L., of our gardens. 
CLAY-LEAF.— TwwAjgw Farfaray L. ; Lindsey. " The flowers of this plant art 

used for making wine, called Oary-wne, and very nasty it is." — S. A. 
CLEATS. — I, Petasites vulgaris, L.; 2, Tusnlago Farfara, L. Both at Bottesford, 

L. a, ** Wine is made from the flowers of this plant.**— M. G. W. P. 
CLEAVERS. — GaRum Aparine, L. *' From its habit of cleaving to objecu which 

come in contadi with it" — B. ic H. 
CLOCK. — ^The head of seed of Lamtodon Taraxacum, L., is so called in LindKy and 

Kesteven from children blowing the down away to see what o'clock it is. 

— M. G. W. P. 
CLOVER. — Red Clover, TrifoRum pratense, L., especially. T. rtfetu, L. is always 

called White Clover. Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
COB-NUT. — ^The Lindsey and Kesteven name for Corylus AvelUma, L., variety 

grandis, " It is the name of an old game among the children played with 

nuU."— Wright's Diaionary, 
COCK'S-COMB.— O/oiM cnstata, L., of gardens 5 Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
CODDLED-APPLE.— £^f/o^f«iff hirsutum, L. '* From the odour of the flowers and 

young shoots." — B. te H. Confirmed by recent use. — ^J. S. S. 
CODLINS-AND-CREAM.— As above. Hough, K., 1892.— J. B. D. 
COG'VrHEEL.—RattuncuIm arvemis, L. ; Alford, L.— J. E. M. 
COLE and COL E WO RT.— ^rtfucM napus, L. North-west Lindsey.— £. P. But 

is not the common cultivated cabbage — B, oUracea, L. — called to too ? 
COLOURBINE.— ^itt/r^tf vulgarii, L. ; Bottesford, L.— H. T. 
COLTS-FOOT.— A common name for Tuwlago Farfara, L. ''This is used still 

in local cough mixtures and for * Herb beer.' " — J. B. D. ** A wine is 

made from the flowers in spring." — J. R. 
QOIAVKZY ,— Symphytum t^kinaU, L. ; Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
CORN-BIND. — Comfohuhu arvensit, L. ; Cadnev, L. 
CORN COCKLE,— 1, Lychnis Githago, Lam. ; 2, Scahiesa arvaisis, L. ; both Bottesford, 

L. — F. P. But I want other authority for the application of this name 

to these plants. 
CORN MARIGOLD.— CAryMfffAmttiB segetum, L.— Reference lost. 
CORN-POPPLE.— I, Lychnis Githago, Lam. ; 2, Lychnis alba. Mill. i, Kesteven \ 

2, Cadney, L. 
CORN-SOW-THISTLE.— &flr^ arvensis, L. ** Used medicinally, according to a 

labourer, in the Alford, L., distri^." — J. B. D. 
COTTON GRASS. — Eriophorum angustifillum. Roth ; Twigmore, L. — F. P. 
COUCH-GRASS. — Triticum repeus, L., always when I have heard the name used. 
COW-GARLIC. — jillium tnmale, L. This was from a printed work, but my 

reference is lost. 
COW-GRASS.— Trj/o//«w medium, L. : Bottesford, L.— E. P. 
COW-MUMBLE.— H^tfc/mm sphondyhttm, L.— B. tc H. 
COVr-P AP.—Heracleum sphondyhum, L. j Tothill, L.— J. B. D. 
COW-PARSLEY.— JWy/rAw odorata, Scop. 5 Boston, H. — P. T. Anthriscus syhtstris, 

Hoffm. is suggested by J. B. D., and this is much more likely. 

COW-RATTLE.— liiimwMia Crht^altt, L. ; Bigby, L.— E. P. F. 

COWS-AND-CALVES. — A common name for jinm macuhtwm^ L. 

COWSLIP. — Primuta veris^L, *' This name is pronounced at if spelt Cooslop." — M. 

G. W. P. " From the flowers while still fresh the well-known wine is 

made. For * tea,' the corollas are carefullv picked from the calyx and 

dried, not too thickly spread on trays, in the sun. Hung up in bags in a 

place free from damp, they come in for winter use." — J. B. D. 
COW-WHEAT.— OJ«n>« ru^a, Pers. ; Cadney, L.— J. G. 
CRAB, CRAB-APPLE, and CRAB-TREE.- The common name for the fruit and 

tree Pyna MaluSy L. ^' The juice of crabs, pressed out by a small machine 

for the purpose, was used as vinegar, and called * crabvarjuice.' After 

most of the juice was pressed out, water was mixed with the pulp to make 

an acid drink, sometimes called * Perry.* Compare Tusser's Hu^mdry^ 


* Stamp crabs that may 
Make verjuice and perry.' 

Granbe, K..'— R. E. G. C. 
CRAMMOCK. — Puliearia dysenterica^ Gaert. ; Cadney, L. 
CRAN-BERRY.— ^iircfWtfm OxycoccuSy L. ; Isle of Axhohne.— W. P., 1815. East 

Fen, L. — Sir J. B. 
CREEPING JENNY.— I, Nepeta GUckama, Benth. ; 2, Lynmaelaa NumtKularia, L. 

I, Flixborough, L. \ **Used in cases of deafness, and in making Herb-beer." 

—J. B. D. a, Sturton, L. — ^J. B. D. 
CRESS ?— Uiformation wanted. — B. it H. 

CROW-BERRY.— £w/rrrww mgrum^ L. ; Isle of Axholme.— W. P., 18 15. 
CROWFOOT, CROWSFOOT, and CROWFEET.— A common name for OrcMs 

matida^ L., and 0, morio^ L., generally ; but about Louth applied to 

RammadMS Fuar'ta^ L. — H. W. K. 
CUCKOOS and CUCKOO-FLOWER. — The general name for Cardamne 

pratams^ L. 
CUCKOO-PINT. — jlrum maculanm, L. ; Bottesford, L. Other authority wanted. 
CUPS-AND-SAUCERS.— The fruit of ^uercut Robur, L. ; Bottesford, L. 

BERRIES, are forms of the name applied generally to Rives rubnm^ L., 

and R. tdgrum^ L., of our kitchen gardens. 
CUSTARD-CHEESES.— The seeds of Mahm syhatrit^ L. ; North west Lindsey. 

E. P. 


for the double form of Narduus Pteudo-narciuus L., of our gardens, and oli 

DAISY. — ^The common name for BeISs perermis^ L. When the under side of the 

rays are tinged with purple they are said to be stained with Abel's blood. 

Bottesford, L.— E. A. W.— P. 
DAMSON. — The common name for Prumu commiadt^ Huds., var. damascena. This 

plum is said to have first been brought from Damascus. — B. 8c H. 
DANDELION. — A name in general use for Taraxacum cfficinaJe, Web. Dandelion 

Tea is made by pouring boiling water on the cut-up root. It should be 

drunk as soon as made. Dandelion JVme: Pour boiling water on the 

flowers, and leave to stand two or three days, add sugar, a lemon, and 

an orange ! — ^W. R. 
DANE-WORT.— ffi^iHS«« Pedagraria, L. 5 Bigby, L.— E. P. F. 
DAY-LILY ?— Sturton-by-Stowe, L.— J. B. D. 
DAY-FLOWER.— Cr'iMs iandamferus, L. j Bottesford, L. — ^L.P. 
DEAD-NETTLE and DEAF-NETTLE.— A general name for Lamium albu ^, L., 

and L. furfurenm^ L. They are sometimes also called BLIND-NE7TLE. 
DEVIL-IN-THE-BUSH.- JVrgv/i^ Damaieena, L., when in seed. Stowe, L.— 

DEVIL'S-BIT and DEIL'S-BIT.— ^tf^ioM suecisa, L. ; North west Lindsey,— E. P. 

DEVIL'S-GUT.— I, CoHvokmlus arvenm, L. ; 2, C. Sefam, L. i, Brandon, K.— 

T. B. 2, Louth, L.— H. W. K. 
DEVIL'S-PLAYTHING.— -AAi/i^tf mUUfiJhim, L. j Grimiby, L.— W. R. 
DIDDERING and DITHERING-GRASS.~friM mt£a, L.; Graffbe, K.— R. 

E r^ o 

DIKE-BUTTERCUPS.--Cff//Ai/flA»£m, L.j Alfonl, L.— J. B. D. 

DILL ? — It IB used in the county, I know. In Nottin^namshire it applied to 

tarea— ^fftf u^, L.—** Fetch a load of dilla."— J. B. D. 
DOCK. — A name applied to all our native Rumtx. It takes many forms in the 

county, e,g., DOCKAN, DOCKEN, DOCKIN, and DOCKINGS. 

'* Children at Louth, L., used to apply Docken leaves to their hands after 

having been stung by nettles, saying, * Docken go in, Nettie come out.* ** — 

H. W. K. ** Where there's a nettle you'll find a dock " ; i.<., poison and 

its antidote are found side by side. ** Where nettles and docken and 

thistles will grow, a farmer may scrat a living*' ; i.r., they require good soil. 
DODDER.— I, Sfargtila arvensu^ L. ; 2, Cuuuta Irifila, Bab. I, Brandon, K,— 

J. B. D. GrafFoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 2, Bottesford, L.— £. P. 
DOG-DAISY. - I, BelRs perenms^ L., a general name ; 2, CkryutaAemum Lencaatkemmm^ 

L. — B. & H. But I have no modem record for 2. 
DOG-MOUTH and DOG-MOOTH.'^jtmrrhiman majus, L. ; Winterton, L.— 

W. F. 
DOG-ROSE. — The wild Rous in contradistin^ion to the garden forms, especially 

Rosa camna, L. 
DOGTAIL GRASS.— Cymufnu cristatus^ L. j Boston, H.— P. T. 
DOG-VIOLET.— I, FioU syhmtica^ Fr. ; and perhaps V. pahstris^ L. Lindsey and 

DOGWOOD ? — Certainly used for some shrub, but not Comus saftgumea, L. I think. 

DOWBALL.— The field Turnip, Brassica Ra^ L.— J. E. B. 
DRAGON'S MOVTH,^Aitrirrkimtm majus, L. ; Winterton, L.— W. F. 
DRAKE'S'FEET.— OrcAtt mascula, L. j Bottesford, Alford, and Winterton, all in 

L. *' Drake, perhaps, is short for dragon here. It is a * wicked plant ' in 

Lmcolnshire !"— M. G. W. P. 
DUCK-MEAT and DUCK-WEED.— Ztfwntf tmnor^ L., and other species of this 

genus. General. 
DWARF-ELDER.— {^^M^rvimr Podr^aria^ L.— Reference lost. 
DUSTY MILLER or MILNER.— I, Cerastium tomttuosum^ L, ; 2, Frimula Auriada, 

L. I, Bottesford, L— F. P. j 2, Winterton, L.— W. F. 
DUTCH MYRTLE,— Mjriea GaJe, L ? j Kirkby Moor, L. • In O^obcr, 189a. 

while botanising on this moor, I was given to drink at a cottage a glass of 

bitterish liquor made from Dutch Myrtle." — J. B. D. 
EAR-RING FLOWER.— The common garden Fuchsia.— f. E. B. 
EARTH NUT. — I, Bummnjlexuosum, With. ; 2, Plantagp major, L. i, Bottesford 

and Tothill, both L. 5 2, Grimsby, L.— W. R. 
EGGS-AND-BACON.— Zmotu vulgaris, MilL ; Louth, L.— H. W. K. Fulbeck, 

K.— L. B. D. 
EGGS-AND-CREAM. — Nartiuus Pseudo-narcissus, L., var. incomfarabUis hkolarata of 

gardens j Bottesford, L.— M. G. W. P. 
ELDER, ELLER, and ELLER-TREE.— ^^^iiaix m^a, L. General. 
ELM, EL-EM, ELLUM. — Ubnm camfestris, L., and its varieties. General. 
ENEMY. — jinemoM nemorosa, L. ; Graffoe, K. ** A mis-pronunciation of the generic 

name."— R. E. G. C. 
ESH.-See ASH. 

EVENING PKlMKOSZ.^(Enotkera hitmas, L. General. 
EVERLASTING PEA.— All peas that are not annual, especially Latkyrus latifi&a, 

Gcertn. — F. P. 
EVERLASTINGS. — A name applied to many foreign Ompodtee, from their 
retaining their shape and colour when dried. — B. & H. 

JLYEBKIGHT.—yermca CkmimJryi^ L. ; Bottesford, L.~F. P. 

EYESEEDS.— &i^tf f^erhtnaca, L.(?); Bottesford, L.— E. P. **A decoaion of 

this plant is locally used for sprains." — M. H. S. 
FAIRY CVPS.— Primula writ, L. ; Bottesford; L.— F. P. 
FAIRY PURSES.— iVfiu/a/ftf camftamlata^ Sow. ; Bottesford, L.~E. A. W.-P. 
FAIRY-RINGS. — The circular or semi-circular dark-coloured rings of grass in 

pasture fields where various Agarics grow ; €,g^ A, aroemisj SchafF. ; 

A, petsmattUy Fr. j A gamhotta^ Fr. ; A eamfestris^ L. ; and Marasmsus 
ortaduy Fr. — ], B. D. 

FAT-HEN and FAT-END. — One, if not more, of the species of Ckenopodhm is so 

called. Bottesford, L. — M. G. W. P. Sturton-by-Stow, L,— J. S. 

Brandon, K.— J. B. D. 
FEATHERFEW.— P/reMrir« Parthtmum^ L. ; Bottesford, L.— M. G. W. P. 
FEMALE HZM.S^^Gakifds TetraAit, L. perhaps.—B. Sc H. More information 

wanted. See Hailiweirs Diffionary. 
FENKLE or FENKELLE.— Fivina</«m vulgare, Gsertn. See Halli well's D/AwMry. 
FENNEL. — ^The general name for Famculum tmigare^ Gsertn. 
FEN OAKS.-— Different species of the genus Salix, Graflfbe, K.— R. E. G. C. 
FERRET'S ZY'S.,—Abnzca wcisifoJia, L ; Loutheske Hundred, L.— T. L. 
FIDDLE.— DtfHOif Carota, L. ; Bottesford and Yaddlethorpe, L.— M. G. W. P. 
FIDDLES. — SeropAuiaria aquatica^ L. ; Messingham, L. — G. T. 
FIMBLE. — ^The pistiliferous plant of Carnal sativa^ L. North-west Lindsey.^ 

E. P. 
FINE LEAF ?— Hailiweirs Dia, Information wanted. 
FINE WINDSTRAW.— .-^roim vulgaris. With. ; Isle of Axholmc.— W. P. 
FIR. — A general name for the commoner species of Ahies^ Larix^ and Pimu» — 

B. &H. 

FIR APPLE or CONES.— The fruit of the above. 

FIZGIGGS.— &mWo Jacoh^a, L. ; Cadney, L.— £. A. W.-P. 

FLAG, FLAGS, FLAG-PLANT.— Tru Pseudacona, L., especially, but also as a 

general term for all ' grass -like ' herbage in or near water. 
FLAX. — Lhtum tmtatiuimum^ L. General. 
FLEABANE.— I, Tnula crithimdex^ L. ; 2, Erigeron aere^ L. i, Boston, H. — P. T. 

2, North-west L. — E. P. 
FLY BEm.—Aiormia cteniUa, Moench. ; Isle of Axholme.— W. P. 
FOAL-FOOT. — A common name for Tusalago Farfara^ L. 
FODDER.— C/^cmii aquat'ica^ Sm. Lindsey & HoUfnd.— W. M. 
FORGET-ME-NOT.- Applied to field and road-side species of Venmca, Cadney, 

L.^— E,A.iV.-P. 
FOX GLOVE.- Diptalit fntrfntrea, L. General. 
FOX-POISON.— Di^Affc Laweola, L. Information wanted. 
FOX'S BRUSH.— &</«/» reflexum, L. ; GrafFoe, K. From the bushy shape of its 

leaf spikes. — R. £. G. C. 
FRENCH H0NEYSUCKLE.-i/f4^Mr«w coronarium, L. 5 Bottesford, L.- F. P. 
FRENCH IslLhQ.—Centranthus ruber^ DC. ; Graffoc, K.— R. E. G. C. 
FUMITORY. — Fumaria ^inalh^ L. I have heard this name, but cannot say in 

what parish. 
FUR, FUR-BUSH, and FURZE.— Common names for Ulex curopaeus, L. "A 

farm-house near Alford, L., is called Fuize-Ai/i^ probably because much 

Uifx grows there."- J. B. D. 
FUZZ-BALL. — A common name for Lycopenion Bovitta^ L. 
GALE and SWEET GALE.—Myrica Gala, E. ; Twigraorc, L.— E. A. W.-P. 
GALLS. — The excrescences on the twigs of the Oak — Sluercus Robur^ L. — produced 

by the GiXVfiy — Cyrupx fuercta-f^u^ L. — and on the Dog-rose — R6sa canma^ 

L. — by Rhodita ros^, L. 
GALLS.— A^M Gali, L. } Isle of Axholme.— F. C. (1661). 
CARLICK. — A common name for AiHum uninum, L. 
' Supplemtttt to Uncs. N. & ^., Offobgr^ 1894. 



GARTH CKZSS.'-Le^dium sativum, L. Obsolete. See HaUiwell's Diakaary, 
GENTLEMAN JOHN.— ^o^i tricolor, L., of our own fields. Louthesk Hundred, 

L.— T. L. 
GERMAN LILAC,-— Centrantha ruber, DC. ; North-west L.— £. P. 
GIBS. — The catkins of various SaUx, Bottesford, L. ** So called from their downy 

yellow colour, Gib being the local name for a gosling." — M. G. W. P. 
GILLIFLOWER, GILLIVER.— The single form of Cbiirwabus Oari, L. i, 

Bottesford, L.— F. P. z, Graffoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 
GLADINE.— Tm PuuJacona, L. Obsolete. See DiSHoHariai HaUiwell's and 

GLODEN. — Helimtkus amatus, L. Obsolete. See as above. 
GOD'S EYL,^yieromea Chamoedrys, L. ; Bottesford, L. " If anyone plucks it, his 

eyes will be eaten." — E. P. 
GOGGLES.— The fruit of Riba Growdaria, L. ; North Lines.— B. & H. 
GOLD, GOU'D, GOLDING, GOULDINGS, and in other forms.— GiryftmfiMnflB 

segttum, L, General. 
GOLDEN DOCK.— iUm^x- maridmus, L., Holland.— J. R. (1670). A book-4iame 

only, I believe. 
GOLDEN DROPS.— Qr/iuff Laburnum, L. ; Bottesford, L.— L. P. 
GOLDEN ROD. — ^A name applied to our garden species of Sofid^. Bottesford, 

L.— F. P. 
GOLDILOCKS.^Pofytricbum comrnuue, L. j Isle of Axholme.— W. P. (1S15). 
GOOSE-AND-GOSLINGS,— The catkins of Willows, especially SaSx Ofrta, L.— 

See Brogden's Glossary, 
GOOSEBERRY.— The general name for Riba Grossulana, L. 
GOOSE-GOB.— The ripe fruit of Ribes GrossulaHa, L. GeneraL 
GOOSE-GRASS.— Gtf/fKM Afarine, L. ; Lindsey tc Kesteven. PotndHa jimtriua, L. ; 

Holland tc Lindsey. 
GOOSE TANSEV.— Pormri/Zff Amerina, L., Lines.— B. Sc H. 
GORSE.— C/i^x Europaus, L. } Bottesford and Tothill, both L.— E. P. & J. B. D. 
GOSLINGS.— The catkins of Willows j Graffoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 
GOSS. — Ulex eurafoeus, L. ; Bottesford, L. ** There is a place at Messinghnm, L., 

GossacreSy and the Linnet — Acantbis camtabtna, L. — is known as the Gm- 

Littttet,"'^E, P. " A field at Fulbeck, K., is called the Goss-ckser-^], B. D. 
GOUT-WEED.- ^^o^iirm Podd^aiia, L. $ Bigby, L.— F. P. F. 
GRANNY-HOODS.— w^fwAr^tf -vulgarisX- \ Winterton, L.— W. F. 
GREEN GINGER.— ^femma vulgaris, L. j Lincohi City. — B. tc H. 
GREEN-SAUCE. — i, Rumcx Acttosa, L. j 2, R, AcctouUa, L. GeneraL 
GROUND-ASH. — I, JEgopodium Podagraria, L. ; 2, A young ash tree — Fraxima 

excelsior, L. — when cut down below the ground so that the root makes a 

walking stick handle.— £. P. Sc H. W. K. 
GROUND-ELDER.- 1, Mercurialis ferennis, L. ; 2, jEgofodium Podagraria^ L. I, 

Bottesford, L.— E. A. W.-P. 2, Graffoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 
GROUND WY.^Nepeta GUchoma, Benth. j Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
GROUND LILAC. — Ccntrantbus ruber, L. \ Bottesford, L.— F. P. Louthesk 

Hundred, L. 
GROUND NUT.— P/otw^o me^or, L. ; Grimsby, L. 
GRUNSEL and GRUNSIL.— &mc/0 vulgaris^ L. General. 
GUANNER-WEED.— £Am^ canadensis, Mich.— Bottesford, L.— E. P. 
GUINEA PLANT or TLOW ER.-^Kerriajafonica, DC. } Bottesford, L.— L. P. 
HAIRIFF, HARRIFF, HAYRIFF, and ' AIRIYF. -Ga&im Aperine, L. GeneraL 

Tothill, L. '* Boiled as food for ^oung turkeys."— S. A. Graflfbe, K. 

** Given to * Gibs,' i.«., young goslmgs, chopped up with their food." — 

R. £. G. C. 
HARD-HEADS.— I , Plantago lanceolata, L. ; Bottesford, L.— M. G. W. P. Tothill, 

L.— J. B. D. Gralibe, K.— R. E. G. C. 2, Cemaurea nigra, L. ; Bottes- 
ford, L.— G. T. Cadney, L.— J. R. 


HAREBELL, HAIRBELL, or AIRBELL.— Gmr^omd^ rotmu/ifoSa, L. General. 
The two last forms ** are quite modern, and seem to have been adopted in 
accordance with a fancied derivation of the name, which, however, it quite 
without authority." — B. tc H. 

HARE'S-NEEDLE.— &i»r^/r^mt«iKrM, L. ; Alford, L.— J. B. D. 

HARROW-REST.— Owwii arvemu^ L. ; North-west L.— E. P. 

HART'S TONGUE FEKli. Scoiefeiulrutm vuigare^ Sym. The name wherever 
this fern grows, but of book origin. 

HASSOCK, HASSOCKS, and HASSOCK-GRASS.— ^/vi caxfitosa, L. General. 

HAVER and HAV-VER.— .A«im satua, L. General. 

HAWS.—The fruit of Crataegut Oxyaeantka^ L. General. 

HAWTHORN.— Crtf/tff^ Oxyacamka^ L. ; Bottesford, L., and general, I believe. 

HAYWEED.— .rfxprrwiii odorata, L. 5 Winteringham, L.— W. F. 

HAZEL and HEZZLE. — Corylta AvdUma^ L. j Bottesford, L., and general, I 

HEADACHE, — Papawr RAeeas^ L., P. JtAhim, and P. jtrgemone^ L. GeneraL 
** To smell the flowers is popularly supposed to cause headache.*' — S. A. 
'*The petals of these plants are fermented into home-made wine at 
Winterton and in other parishes in L." — M. G. W. P. 

HEAL-ALL ? — Information wanted. 

HEARTS EASE.— fno/a palmris, L. ; Boston, H.— P. T. A mere book name. 

HEATH. — Erka Taratix^ L., and £. dturu^ L., more rarely Calbma Erka, DC. 

HEATHER.— Gf/ftflw Erka, DC. j Graffoe, K.— R. E. G. C. 

HELEN. — JEgefodium Podagrarla^ L. ; Bransby, L. ** Used in making a salve." — 
J. B. D. 

HELL-WEED.— iZ0»i0ictf/Kf ai-veiuii, L. ; Alford, L.— J. B. D. 

HEMLOCK, HUMLOCK, and HVMLECK.—CJk^rrepfyuIium syhestre, L. 
especially, but, at times, Comum maculatttm, L., and the rest of the large 
Umhelle/er^. General. 

HEMP NETTLE.— Ctfi^cj^iii TetraMt^ L., sometime, but more often G. bifida^ 
Boenn., and G, iptciota^ Mill. \ Newstead, L. — ^J. H. Cadney, L. — J. R. 

HEN-AND-CHICKEN-DAISV.- The proliferous garden variety of BtUuferenmi, 
L.— B. & H. General. 

HENBANE. — Hjfwyamta mger, L. General where this sporadic plant is found. 

HENBELL and HEUFiAlA.—Hycscyamus niger, L. See Halliwell's and Wright's 

HENNE. — PA/agmites commwus^ Trin. Gerard's HerbaU^ 1597, says: — ^GrMun 
kanmdwMtum ptmmculatum, called alto Calamogrostis. In Lincolnshire it it 
called Sheere-grasse or Henne ; in other places of the land, Wilde Reede." 
I am quite satisfied that PArag/nita is the species meant. 

HERBE-GRASS, HERBI-GRASS, and HERBY-GRASS.— A general name for 
the garden herb Ruta graveoUtu^ L. Chopped fine and made into pillt 
with butter, it is considered a good thing for sick fowls. At Winterton^ 
L., they say : — ** It mutt only be given in the morning, as in the after- 
noon it becomes poisonous, * You know, Herby-grass is Herby 'grass in the 
morning, but Rue in t' afternoon.' " — W. F. 


HIPS.— The fruit of Rosa can'uia^ L. GeneraL 

HOGWEED.— Pa{)r;wmm avkulare, L. ; Brandon, K.— J. B. D. 

HOLLIN, HOLLAND, or more rarely HOLLY.— 77«;r AqmfiGum, L. General. 

HOLYHOKE, or HOKE.— ^/A^a roua, L. General. 

HONESTY.- ZrfmirM bUnms, L. General. 

HONEYSUCKLE. — The general name for Lomcera Ptrklymmim^ L. At GrafFoe, 
K., for Tri/e&im prateme, L., too. 

HOP. — The general name for Hmmdus Lufuba^ L. 

HOREHOUND.— Ai^r»^/f0iv wdgart^ L. General. At Cadney, L., Balkta mgra^ 
L., also. 


HORN-BEAM.— Ofv^^MKi Betuha, L. A mere planted alien or cKape in Lincoln- 
HORSE CHESTKUT.— j£j»/«f HiMfecastamm, L. Oenenl. ** It gets its name 

from the shape and marks of the scar left by leaf-stalk." Bottesford, L. 

— G. T., ion. See other explanations in Britten & Holland's EiiSMk 

HORSE MINT. — I, Mtntha Jtirsuta, L., and 2, M, aromm^ L. i, General ; 2, 

Cadney, L. ** The leaves, either green or dried, make a wholesome tea, 

especially useful in heart complaints." Alford, L. — J. B. D. 
HORSE MUSHROOM.— The general name for ^anau aruaim^ L. 
HOUSELEEK. — ^The general name for Semfervivim refforttm, L. A long and well- 
established alien. 
HOWLEK.^jUnus gltttmoui, L. ; North-west Lindsey. — ^E. P. 
ICELAND MOSS.— C^tfTTtf islamtica, L, ; Raseo, L.— F. A. L. Tie NatwaBa, 

1878, p. 97. 
ICE PLANT ? — A garden and window plant. 

IRBY-DALE GRASS.— fi^Atr^ur Hettotcopia, L. ; Irby-dale, Laceby, L.— R. M. B. 
IVY, IVIN, or IVORY.— ifa/^tf Helix, L. General. 

ACK-IN-THE-HEDGE.— ^//4irx0 officinalis, Andrxj. j North-west Lindsey.— E.P. 
ACK-IN-PRISON.— N/fr//tf JamoMcena, L. ; North-west Lindsey.— E. P. 
ACK-IN-THE-GREEN.— A garden variety of Primula eaulacem, Bab., «* having a 

second larger green -tinted corolla.** — ^Winterton, L. — W. F. 
ACK-IN-THE-PULPIT.— -**T/w maeulattm, L. j North-west Lindsey.— E. P. 
JACK-THISTLE.— CWrwi lanceolatus, Hoffh. j Brandon, K.— J. B. D. 
"^ACOB'S LADDER,— PoUmmium eaendeum, L. ; Fulbeck, K.— J. B. D. 

Nefeta Glechoma, Benth. i, Flixborough, L. — B. & H. 2, Grafibe 

Wapentake.— R. £. G. C. 
JENNY-ON-THE-GROUND.— ^<r«riM tfpr«/if, L.; Stixwould, L.— J. A. P. 
JERUSALEM THISTLE. — OmfwJium Acatitkkum, L. ; Cadney, L.— J. R. 
JOE-MAUNDERS ?— Cadney, L.— H. A. 
JUNE LILY ?— North-west Lindsey.— E. A. W.-P. 
KECK, KECKS, KEKS, KIX, and KEX.— Commonlv applied to Heraeletaa 

^kondylhim, L., but also to many of the larger UmbdRferte, more especially 

to the dead dry stems in winter than the green living plant. General. 

" I'm as dry as a Kex." Kirton, L.— M. G. W. P. ** Miserly and dry 

as a Kix.'* — R. Bernard's lerence, 1629, p. 207. 
KETLOCK.— ^rtfu/M xim^u, Visiani. General. 
KEWSE and KEWSIES. — Applied to I, Antkriseux syhatriu Hoflfh. ; 2, HeracUmn 

Spkondylium^ L. ; 3, Angelica iylvestris^ L.--B. & H. See KECK. 
KEYS. — Generally applied to the seeds of Fraxinus cxcelmr, L., and more rarely to 

those of Acer camfntre^ L., and A, Pseudo-plaiama^ L. — ^E. P. & H. W. K. 
KING CJJPS.—Caltha falustris, L. ; South Kelsey and Louthesk Hundred, both L. 

— E. A. W.-P. and T. L. 
KISS-ME.— The field form of fHola tricolor, L. 5 North-west Lindsey. — E. P. 
KIT BRUSH.— Ramtnculus arvemis, L. ; Cadney, L. — ^W. S. 

LADIES and GENTLEMEN.—y^rww maeulatum L. ; Winterton, L.— W. F. 
LAD-LOVE-LASS and LAD'S LOVE. -Artemisia Abrotamm, L. ; North-west 

Lindsey.— E. P. Graffoe Wapentake.— R. E. G. C. 
LADY'S CUSHION.— -^rtf^/j albida, L. ; North-west Lindsey.-- E. P. 
LADY'S FINGERS.— I, Lotus comiculatus, L. General. 2, AutkylUi vulturaria, L. ; 

Bottesford, L.— E. A. W.-P. Louthesk Hundred, L.— T. L. 3, Lotus 

uliginosus, Schk. ; Louth, K.— H. W. K. 
LADY'S HAIR. Briva media, L. ; Tothill, L.— J. B. D. Louth, L.— H. W. K. 
LADY'S SLIPPER.— Lenrf cormculatus, L ; Barton, L.— C. F. Louthesk Hundred, 
L.— T. L. 


LADY'S SMOCK,— Cardamme fratensis, L. i North-west Lindaey.— E. P. 
LADY'S THIMBLES.— I«Au condculatm, L. ; Winteringham, L.—W. F. 
LADY'S rUFT.—jira^ a/fina, L. 5 Winterton and Aihby, both L.— W. F. 
LADY'S WEDDING.— A^Ti/mi matnmalis, L. ; Winterton and North Kelsey, 

both L.— W. F. 
LAMB'S EAR ?— A garden plant. Bottetford, L.— E. A. W.-P. 
LAMBSKIN.— Gms/ktvui crispa f ; North -west Lindiey.— £. P. 
LAMB'S-TOES.— .^^^yiSffi VtUneraria^ L. ; Kesteven.— J. S. S. 
LAMB -TAILS. — A name given by children to the male catkins of Corjha 

Aveilana, L. ; Grafibe, K.— R. £. G. C. Louth, L.— H. W. K. 
LAMB-TOES.— l«r»s armailanu, L. ; Kesteven.— T. S. S. 
LARCH or LARCH-FIR.— I^v^ iunpaa, DC. general. 
LAREBELL.- if«£tf»/>bs ammus, L. See Halliwell's and Wright's Diaiofuuies. 
LARKSPUR. — DelpMmium ajacis^ Reichb. Rarely found in our cornfields j and 

the general name for garden species of DeifAimum. 
LAUREL.— Pnunu Laureola^ L. Of our gardens and shrubberies. 
LAVENDER. — ^The general name for Lavanduh vera, DC. 
LEED, WHITE LEED, or LID.— G/yceria aquatka, Lin. j Kesteven and 

Holland. See Miller and Skertchly's Fadand Past and Preunt. The 

Revd. E. Gillett assigns the name to Poa ofuatka^ L. See T. O. Cockayne's 

Saxon Leeckdomt^ Stareraft, and Wort Ommng, Modem instances wanted. 
LEMON PL ANT.— ^oyxM atr'wdora, Kth. Named from the scent of its leaves. 
LENT-CORN.— "Barley and Oats ; also Beans, if sown in the Spring."— E. P. 
LENT LILY or LILLIES.— iVamuKt Pteudo-narcmia, L.; Wrawby, L. An 

old friend says : — " Quite a modem High-Church name." 
LENT ROSE or LENT ROSES.— iVairiuxtf Pstndo-narawtt, L. See DiaumaHa, 

HalliweU's and Wright's. 
LID.— See LEED. 
LILAC or LAYLOCK. — ^The general name for Sp^a vulgarh, L., of our 

LIME and LINE.— ^/ui europxa, L. General. 

Bonut-Hairieusj L. See Messrs. R. Pennell and Sons* Seed Catalcgue, 1892. 
LINE. — I, The general name for Limtm uutatisnmum, L. The seed is called 

Lhaeedf and Un. **n the old-&8hioned word for Linen, which is 

sometimes still heard." — ^M. G. W.-P. 2, A common name for TVia 

europaay L. See LIME. 
LING. — The general name for Calltma vulgaris^ Salisb., but very often used for 

Erica TetraSx^ L. and E. dnerea^ L. ** On asking the way to Stapleford 

Moor, of some labourers by the roadside, I was asked if I wanted the 

•* Old Ung Moor."— J. B. D. 
LINTS and LINTINS. — Vtcia tatrva, L. General, but the second form is rarer, 

but used at Cadney, L., and elsewhere. 

LITTLE SUNFLOWER.— H^/f«irA0fnm vidgare, Gcrtn. Grantham, K. 
LOCKS AND KEYS.— Fruit of Fraxhm excelsior, L.; Bottesford, L.— 

E. A. W^.-P. 
LONDON PRIDE.- Dftfn/)lM barbattu, L., of gardens. Louthesk Hundred, L. 

— T. L. Howsham, L. — A. C. Saxifraga umhrosa, L., of gardens. 

Bottesford, L.— H. T. Winterton, L.— M. 6. W.-P. 
LONDON TUFT.— D/tfnMw harhatus, L. j Winterton, L.— E. A. W.-P. 

Louth, L.— H. W. K. 
LORDS AND LADIES,— Arum maadatum, L. ; Lindsey and Kesteven. " The 

unopened spathes are the Lords : the opened spathes. Ladies." — Fulbeck, K. 

—J. B. D. 
LOVE-IN-A-MIST. — Nigeila damascetia, L., of gardens when in flower. Bottesford, 

L.— L. P. Sturton-by-Stowe, L.— J. S. See DEVIL-IN-THE-BUSH. 
Supplement to Lines. N. & ^, jfyril, 1895. 



LOV£-LI£S-A-BL££DING.— .^^MOTAtfilitt camlatia, L, j Bottesford, L.— L. P. 
MADN£PS. — Pastinaca tatraa^ L. J. Ray mentions this local name in his Ottary 

Plantarum, 1686, VoL I., p. 410.— J. B. D. 
MAIDEN ASH.— FrtfxMw txctldor, L. j Lindsey and Kesteren. ** An ash raised 

from seed, not one that has grown from the *' stool," where a former tree 

has been felled."— £. P. 
MAID£N HAIK.^Brha mt&a, L. ; Boston, H.— P. T. 
MANDRAKE.— fryeina iioietf, L. ; Lindsey and Kesteven. ''Used in working 

charms to this day ."—M. G. W.-P. 
MANG£L-WURZL£.— A cultivate form of Beta Ataritima^ L., introduced from 

Northern Europe. 
MAPLE. — J^ir camfestre, L. GeneraL 

MARES AND STALLIONS.— -<d&T«» macuUtum, L. ; Winterton, L.— W. F. 
MARE'S-TAIL. — Equuetum arvense^ L. j Lindsey and Kesteven. " Formerly used 

for scouring tin vessels." — Fulbeck, K.— J. B. D. 
MARIGOLD or MARYGOWD.— Cr/auAi^i cffkmalis, L., of gardens. GeneraL 

'* The peUls are used for flavouring soup at Fulbeck, K." — ^J. B. D. 
MARQUERIE, MERCURY, and MARCORY.— Gim^iMi Boma-Hefirkn, L. ; 

Lindsey and Kesteven. Cultivated in gardens, and cooked like Spinach. 
MARRAM or MARRAN. — Psamma arenarui, Beauv. Lindsey coast. 
MARSH GOOSE-GRASS.— Oi&rm/tf&arrf^ L.— E. O. A mere book name, I 

MARSH MARIGOLD or MARYGOWD.— d/rAa /«Aaim, L. ; Lindsey and 

MARY and JOSEPH.— Garden species of Afyuotis. North-west Lindsey.— E.P. 
MAST. — ^The fruit of Fapa lyhuaica^ L. General. 
MAT-GRASS. — Psamtna arenariaj Blanv. Lindsey Coast. 
MAUL, MAWL, MALL, and MAULE.— A£i/w syivatm^ L., and its seed. 

Lbdsey and Kesteven. ** Used to cure dropsy." — North-west Lindsey. 

— M. G. W.-P. "■ Good when boiled to foment bruised."— Stixwould, 

L.— J. A. P. 
MAY and MAY-TREE. — Crattefia Oxyacauka^ L. General. ** It is unlucky to 

take may- blossom into a house." — ^M. G. W.-P. ** This unluckiness does 

not apply to the coloured varieties." — F.P. 
MAY-BLOBS.- aii^Atf/«&tfrr», L.; Alford, L.— J. B. D. ' 
MAY -LILY. -^CanvaUarUi m^alis, L. $ Highall Wopd. 
MA Y- WEED.— ^«r«uM ^^jruiif, L. ; Alford, L. ^ Because they grow in May in 

the corn."--!. E. M. 
MAYSES or MAZES.— CArysoKtiemum LeueoKtAemum, L. ; Butterwick, L.— 

M. G. W.-P. Graffoe, K. ** Applied indiscriminately to any species of 

white flowered Matricaria or Antkmis. — R. E. G. C. 
MEADOW SWEET.— ^tf^tf Ulmaria, L. Lindsey and Kesteven. 
MEDLAR or MEDLAR-TREE.— A not uncommon name in Lindsey for Me^iia 

gtrmatttea^ L. 
MEET-H£R-r-TH'-ENTRY-KISS-HER-r-TH'-BUTTERY.— ^«^ tricokr, L.j 

North-west Lindsey, — E.P. ''This is probably the longest plant-name 

in the English language."— B. & H. 
MILDEW. — ^Various species of Fm^ which affect the leaves and stems of plants. 

A disease of wheat especially caused by the fungus — Paedma Gramimtf 

Pers.— B. Sc H. 
MILK THISTLE.— &nriiu oUracaa^ L. j and SL asper^ HoflFin. Bottesford, L. 

— L.P. SUyhum Marianum^ Gsertu. Cadney, L. — J. R. 
MISLETOE. — The general name for Vucum alhum, L. A decoction made from the 

twigs of this parasitical shrub is believed at Bottesford, L., to be a 

palliative for epilepsy. 
MOCI$L ORANGE.— P^Ui^kettiilitf cormariut, L. j Bottesford, L.— E. A. W.-P. 
MONEY-WORT.- Lysimsntetr NummiUaria, L. j Fulbeck, K.— J. B. D. 


MONKEY PLANT.— Affjmi&tt lutau, L., of gardens. Bottetford, L.— F. P. 
MOOli-DAlSY. —Ohysa/uAemum Laicmttkamm^ L. | Sturton-by-S.towe, L.— J. B. D. 

Epworth, L.—C. C. B. 
MOONWO RT.— forrjviitfm Lmaria^ Sw. ; Lincoln City. 
MOSS. —The common name for many species of the classes Lyc9po£ace^^ Musciy 

Hefatic^f with a few fresh water jiig^. 
MOTHZR-OF'THOVSAfJDS.'Saxj/ragasaniuMtota.L.i Winterton, L.-W. F. 

Uttaria CymbaiaruL, Mill. — Lindsey. 
MOTHER WOOD.— .^frrcuviiM Abmaman^ L. ; Bottesford, L.— £. A. W.-P. 
MOULD. — A name given to minute thread or down-like Fmgi which grow upon 

organic substances. 
MOUNTAIN ASH.— A general name for Fyrut Aucuparia^ L. 
MOURNING GRASS.— 6W!mim> Dulcamara, L. ; Stixwould, L. '* Good for pigs 

at all times, but especially when they are badly." — J. A. P. 
MULBERRY. — ^The general name for Mono nigral L., formerly much, but now 

rarely, planted in gardens. 
MUSK and MUSK-PLANT. — Mmudui nuukaiux^ L., of our own window plants. 
MUSHROOM. — The general name for the fungus ^ariott camfestrhy L., of our 

MUZZLE JIMP. — 7 AJapu anuensty L. ; Cadney, L. — H. A. A good name made 

on the spot, quite lately, I believe. This plant was only introduced into 

the parish a few years ago with seed-wheat. From this locality it was 

spread abroad over the neighbouring fields by a gale of wind, which even 

blew the mangel-wurzel seed from the land into the ditches, where they 

grew. It is a troublesome weed, and in some cases has to be plucked by 

manual labour. It is said greatly to irritate and inflame the skin of 

hands during the process of gathering. 
NAKED LADY. — yasmmtm nuMflorum^ L., of our gardens. Lincoln City. — 

M. G. W.-P. So named because it flowers before the leaves open out. 
NAKED ViKGlti.-CokJuaim aittttmnale^ L.j Louthesk Hundred, L.— T. L. 
NANCY-NON£.SO-PRETTY.-&Art/r<i^ii umhrota, L. j Sea why, L.— B. 6c H. 
NEEDLE or NEEDLES.— &/»»/<> Pectcfruauru, L. ; Cadney, L.- £. A. W.-P. 
SEPT.—Nepeta Cataria, L. See Halliwell's Diaioiary. 
NETTLE.— C/r/fM Jioica, L., and U. urera, L. General. It is still cooked, while 

young and fresh, in the same way as spinach, and eaten by the poor in 

some parts of Lindsey and Kesteven. ** Chopped up for feeding turkey 

* gibs.' "-Fulbeck, K.— J. B. D. 
NEW-MO WNH AY.— -A/rr«Ai od»raia, L. } Cadney, L.— E. A. W.-P. 
NEW-WEED. - Elodea eanadenm^ Mich. Miller and Skertchly s Fenland^ p. 307. 
NOSE-BLEED.— ^Ar//k0 MUlifiHum, L. $ Tothill, L. '* Smelling the flower is 

supposed to cause the nose to bleed." — S. A. J. Ray gives this local name 

in the Hutoria PlafOanm, x686. 
NUT or NUT-TREE.— Cbry/ttf AvtlLuu, L. General. 
OAK.— .^uerott Robur^ L. General. 
OAK-APPLES or OAK-GALLS.— The excrescences on the twigs of the oak 

made by the fly Cyni^ fuercus-foSiy L. 
OAT-GRASS.— frwviKt stmJis, L. ; Bottesford and Cadney, both L.— E. A. W.-P. 
OATS.— .^#«ma sathM, L. General. 

OLD-MAN.— .<^«/fuiM jShreuamm, L. ; Graffoe K.— R. E. G. C. 
OLD-MAN'S MUSTARD.— ^Ai/A'tf jMUUfiGwH, L. : Bottesford, L.— L. P. 
OLD-MAN'S TOBACCO.— .t^^-uotf syhtntm^ Hoitm. Winterton, L. 
OLD MOTHER'S HOOD. -jSqmUpa'uiUgaru.h.'y Winterton, L. 
OPEN- ARSE or OPPEN- ARSES.— The fruit of Mafilut germamcui, L. ; 

Northorpe L. — E. P. 
ORANGE-FLOWER TREE.— PA»iwfc//i4«i conmarm, L. ; Bottesford. L.— E. P. 
ORANGE lAhY.—LiBum bidhiferum^ L. \ Bottesford, L.— F. P. 
OSIER, OZIER, or OISIER.— The general name for Sattx vhtunalit^ L., but applied 

to other SaGcu, 


OUR LADY'S LILY.— 'UBuMcaruSdum^L.^ of our gardens. So called, I bcliere, 
from frequently being introduced into pictures of the Annunciation. 
Bottesford, L.— £. A. W.-P. **The pulped root is used for a poultice 
for boils, carbuncles, gatherings, &c." — F. P. 

OWLER. — AInui gltttinouy L. ; North-west Lindsey. — E. P. 

OX-EYE, OX-EYE DAISY, and OX EYED DAISY .--Ckryuntkemum Leu- 
cantkemumy L. ; in Lindsey a common name. 

PADDOCK PIPES.— Various species of Eqtdsetum-^ Alford, L.— J. B. D. 

PALM, PALMS, and PALM-WILLOW.— &/rx Cafrea, L. ; Lindsey and 
Kesteven. Twigs, of several species of Salka^ with the catkins just 
opening were used in the county as a substitute for true palms in the 
Church's processions on Palm Sunday before the Reformation. 

PANCAKE ?LAtiT,- Afahasyhetrii^L, The seeds are called PANCAKES. 
Lindsey. — B. & H. 

PARSLEY. — The general name for PetrouSmou satkntm^ HoflFin. 

PARSNIP or PARSNEP.— The general name for Pastinara sativa, L. 

PARSON-IN-THE-PULPIT.— A common name about Louth. L., for Arum 
maculatum^ L. 

PASH DOCK ?— Winterton, L.—W. F, Can it be Pdygonum Bistorta, L. In 
Cheshire called the Patient Dock (f.f ., Passion), because eaten at Passiontide. 

PAUM and PAWM.— See PALM. 

PEA. — The general name for Pimm sativum^ L. 

PEAGLE. — Primula wtisy L. '* The Peagle grows luxuriantly in the fields in the 
Monk's Liberty." Brogden's Glossary. 

PEAR. — The general name for Pyrus communis^ L., and all its garden varieties. 

PENNY-WINKLE and PERIWINKLE.- ^nctf nwyor, L., and r. mhur, L. 
General. '* It is considered good for sore breasts, the leaves being crushed 
and applied to the part ; also as a remedy for cramp, the piece being placed 
between the bed and the mattress." — GrafFoe Wapentake. — R. £. G. C. 

PEONY. — Various species of garden Petoma, 

PETTY'WHW.—Gemstaafiiliea, L. ; Rasen, L.— F. A. L. Natttra&t, 1877, p. 64. 

PHEASANTS I.YE.— Adonis autumnalts^ L. ; Bottesford, L. I never heard this 
species called by any other popular name ; and it was common enough in 
old gardens in my youth. 

PIANET.— The double garden form of Pteoma officinalis, L.- B. Sc H. 

PIANNER TREE.— The half-shrubby P^ieoma moutan, L., of China. Bottesford, 
L. — £. A. »V.-P« 

PICKLE-FLOWER.— GiiKtfiSf latifiBa, L. ; Sleaford, K. Reference most unfortu- 
nately lost. 

PICK-POCKET.— 1, Ranunculus arvensis^L.i Alford, L*— J. B. D. 2, Ct^fstUa 
Buisa-pastoris, L. ; Louthesk Hundred, L.— T. L. ** From their 
impoverishing the land of the farmer." — B. Sc H. 

PICK-PURSE. - ^^Ai arvensis, L. ; GrafFoe Wapentake, K.— R. E. G. C. 
Cadney, L.— E. A. W.-P. 

PICK-YOUR-MOTHER'S-HEART-OUT.— Gi^//tf Bursa-fastons, L. j Bottes- 
ford, L.— E. A. W.-P. 

PIGEON'S BREAST ?— Winteringham, L.—W. F. 

PIG-GRASS. — I, Pofynnum aviiulare, L. ; Cadney, L.— T. F. Graffbe Wapen- 
take, K.— R. £. G. C. 2, Herackum S^hmdyrtum, L. { ToUiill, L.— J. B. D. 

PIG-NUT.— Com^Mfium daatdatum^ Kock. Lindsey and Kesteven. ** At Fulbeck, 
K., we used to dig up and eat the rootstock, after scraping off the skin.*' 
-J. B. D. 

PIGS.— TWx Pstudacorusy L. \ Louthesk Hundred, L.— T. L. 

PIG- WEED.— Po/)r^ttw avieulare, L. ; Brandon, K.— J. B. D. 

PILE- WORT. — Ranunculus Ftcaria, L. ; Bottesford, L. — H. T. 

PILL-BASS.— 7f/fir/«rc^a//tf, Eheh. A. Young's Agrie, Survey of Lines,, 1799. 

PINK. — The general name for many garden varieties of DiantMts, From the 
colour of one common variety. 


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and Folk -Lore of the County. 

Communications for the Editor should be addressed care of the Publisher 
Subscriptions and business letters to the Publisher, 

Chas. J. Clakk, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, W.C. 

Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and ^eriesy 

And ANTIQUARIAN GLEANER, an Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to 
the Antiquities, Family History, Traditions, Parochial Records, Dialects, Folk-lore, 
Genealogies, Quaint Customs, &c., of these Counties. Edited by John and Thomas 
Spxncek. Published Quarterly. Parts I. to XVI., being the parts for 1889-92, now 
ready ; Part XVII. in April, 1893. 

A Tuar*t Suhscription 4^. 6d, prefaad. Quarterly fartt xi. &d. 

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Maine Historical and genealogical Reorder. 

A Quarterly Magazine, the prime objedt of which is the publication of whatever 
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daughters of Maine, wherever located. Original Records, Documents, or other 
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Maine, at Three Dollars per annum, in advance. 

S. Watson, Editor and Publisher. 
The Quarterly Journal of 

Tthe ^erXs Archaological and Architectural Society. 

Edited by the Rev. P. H. DITCHFIELD, M.A., Redor of Barkham. 

Subscription, 21. 6</. per annum, 
Reading : Rivzas & Slaughtee. London : Elliot Stock. 


Increased to 48 Pages, with Illostrations. Price is. 

The Scottish Antiquary^ or Northern Notes & ^eries. 

A Magazine of Archaeology, Etymology, Folk-Lore, Genealogy, Heraldry, &c. 
Edited by the Rev. A. W. Cornxlius Hallxn, M.A., F.S.A Scot., Mem. Coun. 
Hist. Soc. Issued Quarterly. Annual Subscription (payable in advance) 41. 

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All letters and Subscribers' names to be sent to the Editor, the Rev. A. W. 
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Demy 8vo. size, handsomely printed on antique paper, in old-faced type, with 
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Hand-made Paper, and bound in Roxburgh. Sixty Large Paper copies on Hand- 
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**Mr. Stock is generally fortunate in the author of his ' Popular County Histories,' 
and the present volume forms no exception to the rule. We see in it the hand of a 
writer who has not merely got up his subjed for the purpose, but has long been 
familiar with Hampshire history, and taken a personal interest in the county." — 

*' Contains just the kind of information that ordinary readers not engaged in 
special historical studies will look for." — The Academy, 

A HISTORY OF CUMBERLAND. By Richard S. Fxrguson, m.a., ll.m., f.8.a. 
" If Mr. Stock can find a Mr. Ferguson to write the history of each of the other 
counties of England and Wales, the success of his series of * Popular County 
Histories ' may be considered as assured." — Tke Speaker, 

" Mr. Timmins has made many useful discoveries in the history of the county, 
which are here set forth. But the book appeals quite as much to the general reader 
as to the Warwickshire man." — St. James s Gaiutti. 

A HISTORY OF BERKSHIRE. By Lixut.-Col. Coopxr King. 
*' Colonel King has done his work well, and his sketch of the ' History of 
Berkshire ' is both useful and entertaining." — Mormng Post. 

**An entertaining and very instructive guide to all that is most interesting 
in the county." — ITtma. 

" Ought to be greatly popnlar with the residents, and will have general interest for 
all who have the talent for locality." — Contemporary Review. 


''At once the most learned and entertaining county guide that has ever been 
compiled. It is difficult to describe Mr. Rye's delightful book." — jitkenaum. 

Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, London. 


Hampshire Notes and ^eries. 

Vol. VII. Cloth, red edges, 170 pp. Price 31. 6^., by pott 31. 9^. 

The contents include a series of articles on the White Family of Selborne, 
Fyfield, and Abbot's Ann, by the Rev. R. H. Clutterbuck, F.S.A. ; Osborne, I.W., 
and the Families who have held it ; Winchester School Books of the 17th Century, 
Preston Candover, Colmer Church and Parish, Hamble Priory, Old Winchester, a 
Sdavonie Tombstone, Hugenot Freemen of Winchester ; full reports of the Hamp- 
shire Field Club visits to the New Forest, Hamble, Silchester, Prior's Dean, 
Godsfield, King's Sombome and Ashley, Osborne, Selbome, etc^ etc 

Address : — Editob, HamfMn Ohterver^ Winchester. 


"British ^cord Society^ Limited^ 



(Amual Suhseriftwif One Gmnea — PubBdUd ^(uarttrfy,J 

Contains Indexes, Calendars, and Abstract of British Records. Calendars already 
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Calendars in progress : — Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills ; Sussex Willi ; 
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Hon. Sec. : E. A. Far, Esq^., 172, Edmund Street, Birmingham. 


History of the Grammar School 



Compiled from the Minute Books of the Governors from 1599 to 1893 } with a 
Few Personal Recolle&ions of the School fifty years ago, 

By the Senior Governor. 

Crown 8«9. pp, 200. Ilbutrsied, 
HotNCASTLX, Slxapoko, AND Spilsby : W. K. MoaTON. 


Notes and ^eries for Somerset and Dorset. 

Edited by Frxderic William Wxavkr, M.A., Milton Clevedonf Eyercrecch, 
Somerset, editor of Flsitattoru of the Counties of Somerset and Hereford^ and Somerset 
IncumSentsi and Charles Herbert Mayo, M.A., Vicar of Long Burton, near 
Sherborne, Rural Dean, Author of BihIiotAeca Dorsetiensis. 

Vol. II. commenced March, 1890. Parts issued Quarterly. Subscriptions, 51. 
per annum, payable in advance to either of the Editors, to whom all literary and 
business communications should be addressed. 

The Sast Anglian; 

Or, Notes and Queries on Subjects conned^ed with the Counties of SurroLic, 
Cambridge, Essex, and Norfolk. Edited by the Rev. C. H. Evelyn Whiti, 
F.S.A., &c.. Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, Hon. Member, late Hon. Sec. of 
the Suffolk Institute of Archseology and Natural History. 

Part I., commencing an entirely New Series of this well-known Serial was 

issued January 1st, 1 88 5, and is published Monthly. Vol. IL commenced 

January, 1887. Annual Subscription, 51., post free. 

Ipswich: Pawsey 6c Hayes, Ancient House. 

The Western (^Antiquary ; 

Or, Devon and Cornwall Note Book being a medium of intercommunication 
for Antiquaries and others interested in the History, Literature, and Legendary Lore 
of the Western Counties, with which is incorporated " The Book Plate CoUedior's 
Miscellany." Edited by W. H. K. WRIGHT, F.R. Hist. Soc. London: Elliot 
Stock ; Plymouth : W. H. Luke. Published Monthly. Illustrated. Annual 
Subscription, post free, 7s, A superior edition, lo«. Tenth Series commenced July, 
1890. Some back Volumes still to be had. 

Address : 8, Bedford Street, Plymouth. 

Fen land Notes and Qjieries. 

Edited by Rev. W. D. SWEETING, Mazey Vicarage, Market Deeping. 

A Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Geology, Natural Features, 
Parochial Records, Family History, Legends and Traditions, Folk-Lore, Curious 
Customs, etc., of the Fenland, in the Counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, 
Northampton, Norfolk and Suffolk. Price is. 6d. per Quarter, by Post is. 8d. A 
yearns Subscription if paid in advance, 6x., post free 

Peterborough ; Geo. C. Castor, Market Place. 

London : Simpkin, Marshall, ic Co., Ld., Stationers' Hall Court \ Elliot Stock, 
62, Paternoster Row j and may be had of any Bookseller. 

Commencement op a New Volume. 

3^Qrthamptonshire 3^tes and ^ertes. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Journal, devoted to the Antiquities, Family History, 
Traditions Parochial Records, Folk-Lore, Quaint Customs, &c., of the County. 

Edited by Christopher A. Markham, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. of the Architedhiral Society 
of the Archdeaconries of Northampton and Oakham. 

Demy 8vo., printed in antique style, in the best manner, on toned paper. 
Price If. 6^. Subscription \s, per annum (prepaid), postage 6tf. 

Northampton : Taylor & Son, The Dryden Press, 9, College Street. 
London : Elliot Stock, Paternoster Row. 

Lincolnshire O^tes ^ i^ueries. 


ScAU or CiiAKGKt roK ADTSKTitXMBNTt. Eftch ioaertioii : — ^Wrapper, special 
terms $ One Page, ia«. 6i/. ; Half Page, 7s. 6d. j Third Page, 51. ; Quarter Page,4x. ; 
Mlnimom charge for any Advertisement, not to exceed four lines, u. 6dL; and for 
every additional line, 6d« 

To SvBSCKiBxas. LucolmMrt Natet mi S(tiaus is published quarterly (January, 
April, }uly, and Odober^ at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 5«. ; post free 5«. pL 
Price of single quarterly number, u. 6dL 

To CoaaxspoNDSNTs. All communication! should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
fiuth. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contradions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir tke next tmm6er not later tJkan 
February 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AnvxaTisKKS. Uncobutav Notet md Shftnet will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable LiTXXAxr charader, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To AuTBoas, EoiToas, and Pvblishxxs. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
sobjedb conneded therewith, will, if sent to the Editors for review, receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
dired to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcastle). All Editobial Commuki- 
CATioNs, &c should be addressed to Thx Eoitoxs, c/o Thx Rxv. J. Claxx Hudson, 
Thoxnton Vicaxagk, Hoxncastlx. 

An interesting article in Giouceuenlare Notes end Sheria gives the outline of a Bill 
which has been drafted for securing to local English records the same care and 
proteAion that the Public Record-office A€t of 1837 anally guarantees to 
documents of National importance. Under the suggested A€t every county council 
would have to provide a suitable fire-proof repository, under the inspection of the 
Local Government Board, to which parish registers, diocesan records, the archives of 
Nonconformist churches, manor rolls, Ac, might be transferred — always with the 
consent of the present custodians ; it being of the essence of the measure that it 
should be permissive, not compulsory, in this resped ; so that, in a word, those who 
wish for greater security for the documents in their keeping should be enaUed to 
have it z — 

^ We need only point out one class of records (the writer observes), vix.« parisb 
registers, to show the desirability of such a Bill as this passing through Parliament 
The condition and custody of these records is well known to be most unsatisfiidory ; 
though, owing it may be to the increased interest taken in them, matters are, perhaps, 
not so bad as once they were. Proposals for removing them to London have oftoi 
been made, and some years ago a Bill with that objed was introduced into the 
House of Commons. Such a scheme may reasonably be objeded to, and county 
record offices appear to afford the only suitable alternative." 

It is true that records such as the draft Bill deals with are in Scotland and Ireland 
already deposited in central offices as Edinburgh and Dublin; but the vast number of 
Englisn records would of itself make a similar arrangement for this country imprac- 
ticable. Nevertheless— 

^Scotch and Irish experience is useful, as indicating that no difficulty need arise in 
removing local records, wills, parish registers, and the like, to a suitable oentnl 
repository. Such an office is evidently appreciated, for the chapter of Christ Church 
Cathedral, Dublin, some years ago sought for and obtained leave to deposit their 
muniments in the Dublin Record-office," 



Chronicles of Qlamford Briggs^ 


Brigg Parish Churchy 

With Notei on the Neighbourhood, its Namea, Placet, Churches, and Notable Things, 


DeJkaud by femmam to the Right lUv, Tie lard Bhkep ofUmcolm^ 

PertroH Of the Betiepee, 

Brigg : Gbokob Galx, Wrawby Street. 
Homcutle, Sleaford, Spilsby : W. K. Mokton. 

c// History of . Spilsby^ 

With Notes on Eresby and other places connected therewith. 

By the Rev. H. COTTON SMITH, B.A. 

Crown 8«o., 158 fp. Price 2j. 6i, 
May be had at W. K. Mobton's, Homcastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby. 


History of the Grammar School 



Compiled from the Minute Books of the Governors from 2599 to 1893 ; with a 
Few Personal Recolle^ions of the School fifty years ago, 

By THE Senior Governor. 

Gnptvii 8«o. pp, 200. Ilkatrated, 
HoaMCASTLX, SLiAroaD, and Spilsbt : W. K. MoaroN. 

Demy 8vo. large type, tastefully printed andb ound, with Illustrations in photo. 

Pott Free, p. 6J. 

Parish Memorials 




NxwAiK : S. Whuju, Printer and Publisher, Stodman StreeL 


Fine Engravings 

Published and sold by W. K. Morton, Bookseller, Printer, &&, 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby. 

LINCOLN CATH£DRAL.— A fine view from the North-wett, superbly enjgnTed 
by HiLKiAH BuKGSss in 1 8 12. The noble Towen and West Front are delineated 
with great accuracy, and the details, both ornamental and architedural, are 
beauti^Uy defined. Price 7«. 6^. Size of paper. 24ln. by 35in. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL, by Vivarxs.—A splendid view from the North-west, 
showing the ancient Spires on the West Towers. Engraved by Vivares in 1750. 
Price 7«. 6J. Sixe of paper, 24Jn. by 35in. 

CRO YLAND ABBEY.—A large »nd magnificent view of the West Front, superbly 
engraved by Hxlkiar Burgxss, in 181 5. It is inscribed to "The Rev. 

iames Blundell and other Patrons of this Plate." This is one of the best and 
irgest prints oftheAbbeyi^ver published. Price 71.64/. Sixeof paper,24in. by 35in. 

SPALDING CHURCH.— ^A fine South-west view, engraved by H. Bukgkss. It is 
inscribed to ^ The Revd. Maurice Johnson, DS)^ Minister of the Parish Church 
of Spaldmg," by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2f. 6^ Sise of paper, 
I5in. by 22in. 

SUTTON ST. MARY.— Engraved by W. Bvrgsss, and inscribed to •^The Rev. 
Thomas Leigh Bennett, A.B., Re^or and Patron of the Living of Long Sutton," 
by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. 6dL Sixe of paper, i5in. by 22in. 

GOSBERTON CHURCH.--{St! Peter and St. Paul.) Engraved by H. Bukgxss, 
and is inscribed to ** John George Calthrop, of Gosberton, Esq.," by William and 
Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. 6d, Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

GEDNEY CHURCH.— {North-west view.) Engraved by H. Bukgkss, and 
inscribed to "The Rev. Philip Douglas, D.D., Vicar of Gedney, and Master of 
Bennett College, Cambridge," by W. and H. Burgess. Price ». 6dL Siae of 
paper, isin. by 22in. 

MOULTON CHURCH.— (South-west view.) Engraved by W. Buigbss, and 
inscribed to " The Rev. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Patron and Vicar of Moulton,** 
by William and Hilkiah Burges$. Price 2i. ^ Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

FLEET CHURCH.— {South-eastvyiew.) Engraved by H. Buacsss, and inscribed 
to ** The Rev. James Ashley, Rector and Patron of the Living of Fleet," by 
William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2«. 6</. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

TYDD CHURCH.— (South-east view.) Engraved by W. Bukgsss, and inscribed 
to **The Rev. John Wills, D.D., Re^or of Tydd St. Mary's and Warden of 
Wadham College, Oxford," by W. and H. Burgess. Price u. 6J. Sise of paper, 
I5in« by 22in« 

SWINESHEAD CHURCH, near Bo8ton.~A lithographed view of the Interior of 
St Mary's Church, taken afbr the restoration. Dedicated to "The Rev. 
William Whewell, D.D^ Master of Trinity College, Cambridge." Price 31; 6dL, 
tinted. Sixe of paper I7in. by 24in. 

KIRTON CHURCH.— A fine full East view of this old church, which was truly 
a beautiful and noble village struAure previous to its reduced proportions. 
Engraved by H. Bukgxss. Price zx. 6d, Sise of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

BROTHERTOFT CHURCH, near Bo6ton.~A lithographed view of the Interior 
of this church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to ** Thomas Gee, Esq.** 
Price 21. 6</., plain. Sice of paper, 1 5in. by 22in. 

LOUTH CHURCH.— A fine engraving of St. James' Church from the Soath^west. 
Etched b^ B. Howlxtt, and engraved by R. Williamson. Price 51. Sixe of 
paper, 20m. by 26in. 

SPILSBY CHURCH.— An original lithographed view of St. James' Church from 
the South-west. Dedicated to the **Rev. Thomas Holloway, Vicar." Price 51. 

Vol. IV. No. 26. APRIL, 1 894. 

Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Oueries 



The Antiquities y Parochial ^cords^ Family History ^ Traditions ^ 
Folk-lore y Quaint Customs ^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 

The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton^ HorncastU. 








22 Holbeach High Crou 33 

23 Some LincolDthire Pedigrees from 

the Plea RoUt 37 

24 Benson versiu Sir Ralph Maddison, 

Kt., 1628 45 

25 Wainfleet Records 49 

26 Burgh-le- Marsh Guild Certificates 51 

27 Institutions by Bishop Chadderton 54 

28 Lincoln Cathedral. — ^The Precinct 

Wall 54 

29 Canopy at Theddlethorpe All SainU 55 

30 The Leper Hospital of the Holy 

Innocents, Lincoln 55 

31 Langdak of Waltham 56 


32 Records of Ancient Homcastle . . 57 

33 Ancient Arms and Utensils found in 

Lincolnshire, 1787-88 .... 61 


34 Families of Stoyin and Browning . 62 

35 Root and Mere Families .... 62 

36 Wellingore 63 


37 Parish Registers 63 

38 Cawdron Family 64 

39 Booned Road 64 

40 The Rev. James Fowler, Vicar of 

Homcastle 64 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London : Chas. J. Clabk, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fiblds, W.C. 
Emttnd at Statumr^ Htll.] IM R^itt Raarved 

Lincolnshire !^(otes ^ §lueries. 


ScAU or Chakgu fok ADTUTinMmm. Each insertion s— Wrapper, tpccnl 
termi $ One Page, i%t, 6J. ; Half Page, 7«. 6J. \ Third Page, 5«. ; Quarter Page,4i. } 
Minimum charge for any AdverUtement, not to exceed four linet, ai. 6^.j and Cor 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SvBicaixxat. LmeobaMre Notts and Sfaeries it published quarterly Qanoary, 
April, July, and O Aober), at the annual tubscription (prepaid) of 5«. ; pott free 51. 4^. 
Price of tingle quarterly number, l«. 6d. 

To CoaaxtpoNDKNTt. All communications thould be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
fiiith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contra^ons except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir the utxt mmho' not later than 
May 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To ADTKiTisxas. LincolnsJtire Ncta and Shieria will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable LiTXXAar charader, which can be 1^ displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulan to be had of the Publisher. 

To AuTHoas, EoiToas, and PvBLisRxas. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnahiie, or 
subje^b conne6ied therewith, will, if sent to the Editon for review, reoeive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
dired to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcutlel All EoiToaiAL ComfUNi- 
CATIONS, &C. should be addressed to Thk Eoitoxs, c/o Thx Rsv. J. Claxx HumoN, 
Thoxnton Vicaxagx, Hoxncastlx. 

Wx commence in this No. a Supplement containing '' Lincolnshire Folk Names 
for Phmts," compiled by the Rev. £. Adrian Woodrufie-Peacock, Vicar of Cadney, 

Thx Index to Vol. III. of Unct, N. & S(. (delayed through unavoidable drum- 
stances) will be issued with the July number (Vol. IV., No. 27). 

A CoRKXSPONDKNT wHtcs to sxy he would like to see recorded in Lines, N,Se ^,t 
systematic account of the County fiimilies, histories, localities, seats, great historic 
charadiers national events and changes in which the County played a part, as well as 
articles on topographical and other features of the County. The suggestion is one 
not to be despised, but as contributors to our pages are not to be relied upon for 
articles, &e, every quarter considerable difficulty is found in procuring sufficient 
original matter of interest to the antiquarian. There is y^ a vast amount oi 
unpublished records of the County waiting to be published, if only someone will 
undertdce their transcription for the Press, 


Page 18, line 4^ fir Scandenavian read Scandinavian. 

The quotation at bottom of p. 31 should read :^ 

** And age is a time of peace, so it be free from pain. 
And happy has been my life ; but I would not live it again. 
I seem to be tired a little, that's all, and long for rest." 

Fine Old Scarce Engravings 


W. K Morton, Bookseller, Horncastle. 

LINCOLN PALACE, The North View of, taken from the top of the Miniter. 
I4iin by 7)1x1. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5». 

TORKSEY HALL, The West View of, near Gainsborough, in the County of 

Lincoh). I4}in. by y^m, Samuel Buck, 1726. Price 5s. 
TllPHOLME PRIORY, the South Prospea oU near Lincoln. I4iin. by 7iin. 

Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 58. 
KIRKSTEAD ABBEY, The East Prospea of, near Horncastle, in the County of 

Lincoln. i4iin. by 7^in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
THORNTON COLLEGE, The West Prosped of the Ruins of, near the Humber, 

in the County of Lincoln. X4|in. by 7)in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
MOOR TOWER, on the Moor, near Horncastle, in the County of Lincoln. 

X4jin. by 7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 58. 
LINCOLN CASTLE, South West Prospea of. I4|in. by 7\m, Samuel Buck. 

1726. Price 58. 
SCRIVELSBY HALL, The West Prospea of, near Horncastle, in the County of 

Lincoln, i^^m, by 7}in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
TEMPLE BRUER, The North View of, in the middle of the Great Heath on the 

South side of the city of Lincoln. I4}in. by 7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
CROYLAND ABBEY, The South-west View of, near Spalding, in the County of 

Lincoln. I4}in. by 74in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Priee 5s. 
SOMERTON CASTLE, The South Prospea of, near Lincoln Heath. I4iin. by 

7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
CROYLAND ABBEY. Very old engraving, with Coat of Arms; no date. 

Daniel King, delin. et. Sculpt 9 4 in. by 7in. Price 2s. 6d. 
BOSTON CHURCH, with Coat of Arms, Phm, &c., by GuL Stukely, M.B. 

This is a very fine and scarce engraving. 18) in. by i6in. Price 30s. 
CROYLAND ABBEY. Litho. Sketched by R. G. 1856. isin. by ii^in. 

Price 3s. 
GATE OF ALL SOULS' College, with St. Mary's Church. Drawn by Hugh 

O'Niell, engraved by James Basire. I7}in. by ij^in. Price 3s, 6d. 
GRIMSTHORP, in the County of Lincoln, Birds-eye view of House and Gardens, 

&c., with Coat of Arms, L. KnyfF, de. \ J. Kip, sculpt. XQin. by I4in. 

Price 28. 6d. 
GRIMSTHORP, Birds-eye view of the Entrance and Surroundings. J. Kip, 

sculpt. Price 28. 6d. 
BARLINGS ABBEY, Lincolnshire. Drawn and engraved by John Coney. 12m. 

by 8)tn. Price 2s, 6d. 

c// History of Spilsby^ 

With Notes on Eresby and other places connected therewith. 

By the Rev. H. COTTON SMITH, B.A. 

Crown 8vo., 158 /f. Frkt zs. 6J, 
May be had at W. K. Morton's, Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby. 


Notes on Holbeach Churchy 


In tur^fferif tasttfiillj frinted, tmtk Fivt Autatyfe Wmtrattam^ varmt H^cod Ba^avit^^ 

Grtnmd Pian^ Elevatiom, &c. Deny 8«o. 


** Mr. Pbst hai conferred a real benefit on Lincolnshire Ecdesiology by the 
publication of his Paper on the History and Archite^re of Holbeach Charch. It 
IS an excellent example of the local topographical works which are slowly but 

steadily supplying the want of a general County History Mr. Pkzt 

is well qualified for his self-imposed task, not only by an ardent admiration for the 
church of his native town, but also by a scientific acquamtance with ecdesiaatical 
architedhire, and a reyerent appreciation of the sacred charader of the edifice. Not 
the attradiveness only, but the usefulness of the little hrockure is increased by the 
woodcuts of portions of the building, and the autotype illustrations of the exterior 
and interior, prepared from photographs t^ken specially for the purpose, with which 
it is so richly furnished. Every detail of the architedhire is so nithfully reproduced 
in the autotypes that they vriU. reward minute inspedion even with a magnifying 
glass, as pages in a lesson book of archite^re." — Uncobulttre Nates & Queries. 

** This is a praiseworthy pamphlet, and a good memorial of a noble church. The 
five autotypes of the exterior, interior, and details of the building are exceptionally 
good ; the other illustrations are from Mr. Psxys pencil. The * Notes ' are 
written in a reverent and able manner. This pamphlet is for the most part good so 
far as it goes, and Mr. Pxxt shows that he has qualifications for a more ambitious 
eirort."~Tie j^itiptary, 

^ Mr. PxxT has executed his work with chara^eristic thoroughness, and. has 
furnished a description of the fine old church which has long been called for but 
never hitherto produced. He has taken up the subje^ in his own way, has 
industriously coUeded all the information available, has incorporated splendid 
photographs of the interior and exterior of the church, and efFective drawings of 
particular features of interest ; and has, in £id, in this work exhibited a knowledge 
of archeology, a persistent industry in pursuing investigation, and a fiiculty for 
arranging dry h€t% and presenting them in an interesting form, which do him credit. 
Archieologists and Holbeachians will prise the' valuable 'Notes on Holbeach 
Church.' "— ^A&!^ Prtt Prea. 

** A work that should certainly be owned by all who take an interest in the South 
Lincolnshire churches.** — ^W. £. Foster, F.S.A., Esq., writing in Notes mi Sfueries, 

** Mr. Pkxt*s illustrations cannot fail to delight. It is quite corred to say ' they 
are incomparably the most complete and artistic which have yet been made of this 
venerable edifice.' .... Holbeach is fortunate in securing the servicet of a 
pen so capable as that of Mr. Peet." — AHercury, 

The beautiful autotype illustrations represent— 

(i) Exterior, N.E, asped ; (z) Interior, looking East ; (3) Interior 
lookmg West; (4) Chancel, with Seditis and Piscina; (5) Decorated 
Chancel Window. 

Oufy a/evf cofie t ^lio u t a daxat-'^remmn fur saU, Price %s, 6d^ fottjrte. 

Apply to the PuhKsher : — H. A. Mxaay, High Street, Holbeach, Lincobshire. 




Vol. IV. No. 27. 

JULY, 1894. 

Pricb is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities^ Parochial ^B^cords^ Family History^ T^r adit ions ^ 
Folklore y Quaint Customs^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 

The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar ofThomtony HomcastU. 




2^ 2^2^2^2^2^2^2^2^2^2^2^^^^^2^^^^^^S^^^^^ ^ to»^^^ 





41 St Leonard*! Priorv, Stamford {ilhut,) 65 

4a Holbeach Parish Records .... 66 

43 Exchequer Subsidies (Lay) County 

of Lincoln 71 

44 Lincolnshire Records 74 

45 Barkham of Wainfleet .... 80 

46 Field Names, &c., A.D. 11 50-1 284 8z 

47 Great Storm, Xmas. 1708 ... 84 

48 Alvingham Priory Register ... 85 


49 Homcastle Manor and See of Car- 




50 Joshua Drewry, Lincoln .... 87 

51 The Mass Army 87 

52 Thomas Smith c. 1510 . . . . 88 

53 Family of Howard of Wrawby . . 88 


54 Foreign Refugees in the Isle of 

Azholme 88 

55 Family of Stovin 89 

56 The Arnolds of Coleby .... 91 

Rxvixws 94 

SvpPLXMiNT— Lincolnshire Folk-Names 
for Plants. 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London i Chas. J. Claxk, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fiklds, W.C. 
Egttrtd Of Suttkmr/ HaU.] [jtil R^ku Rtunfed 

Lincolnshire !^tes ^ S^ueries, 


ScALK or Crakois roft ADTxiTitzifiNTi. Each tmertion:— Wnpper, special 
termi j One Page, ixi,^i Half Page, 71. hd, } Third Page, 5«. ; (2^*^'' ^^V^A** S 
Minimum charge for any Advertittsient, not to exceed four lines, ». 6^.; and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SvMcaiBxai. LmeohuMrt Mctf ami ^awrin ti publithed quarterly (January, 
April, July, and Odober), at the annual lubecription (prepaid) of 51. ; poet free 51. ^i. 
Price of tingle quarterly number, is, 6d, 

To CoaaispoNDKNTS. All communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
£iith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contractions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors fir tJU next mambtr mt Itter tkam 
A»fpu 14/i, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AnyxaTisxas. LueobuMrt N^et and ^ntnn will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable LiTsxAar charader, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To AuTHoas, EniToas, akd PviLisHxas. Books, &c bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
sobje^ conneded therewith, will, if sent to the Editors for review, receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUKICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
dired to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcutle). All Editoxial Combs uni- 
CATIONS, &c should be addressed to Tax Eoitoxs, c/o Tax Rxv. J. Claxx Huosom, 
Thoxnton Vicaxagx, Hoxncastlx. 

Mx. JosxPR FosTXX, Hon. M.A., Oxon., author of Abmm Oxmean and other 
similar works, purposes to start a " British Genealogical Society, the obje^ of 
which shall be :— 

I. — To establish a fellowship (F.B.O.S.) for the furtherance of heraldry and 
genealogy, consisting of 250 Members, with power to add to their number. 

II. — ^The issue of genealogical colledions, arranged on Mr. Foster's system, from 
the Societv's Rooms, Cambridge House, 148, Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. The 
value of these coUedlions is universally recognised. Two or three volumes, each 
complete in itself, will be usued annually, when the roll of Fellows is completed. 

III. — ^Subjedl to certain conditions and rules, the Fellows to be entitled on ixA 
after Sept. ist, 1894, to consult the genealogiod serials and books (1,500) in the 
Reference Library of Printed Works (to be) vested in the Council \ and to have the 
use of the Council Room for purposes of correspondence and research, so that it 
may become the recognised rendexvous of those, from all parts, who are interested 
in heraldry and genealogy. 

IV. — Fellows to have the same special facilities as the Society in the printing of 
private compilations. 

y. — Colonial and country residents, during their temporary stay in London 
(limited to six months), will, on payment of two guineas, be entitled to use the 
Society's library, rooms, and address for genealogical punuits. Every help will be 
extended to memben of kindred societies. 

Annual Subscription, Two Guineas. Address— Mr. Fostkx, Cambridge House, 

148, Shaftesbury Avenue, London, W.C. 

With the issue of this number of lisri. N, & ^. is forwarded to subscriben the 
Title Page and Index to Vol. Ill.^an., 1892 to Od., 1893. 

Tax Rev. E. Adrian Woodruflfe-Peacock, who is publishing in our Snfpimen 
** The Lincolnshire Folk Names for Plants," will be glad of anv lists. Corredions, 
&c., should be sent to him dired, vis., to Cadney Vican^ Bngg. 



Fine Old Scarce Engraloings 


W. K Morton, Bookseller, Horncastle. 

LINCOLN PALACE, The North View of, taken from the top of the Mintter. 
I4)in by 7^111. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 58. 

TORKSEY HALL, The West View of, near Gainsborough, in the County of 

Lincohi. I4|in. by 7iin. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
TLIPHOLME priory, the South Prospea of, near Lincoln. Z4iin. by 7\m, 

Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
KIRKSTEAD ABBEY, The East Prosper of, near Horncastle, in the County of 

Lincoln. i4)in. by 7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
THORNTON COLLEGE, The West Prospea of the Ruins of, near the Humber, 

in the County of Lincoln. I4|in. by 7iin. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
MOOR TOWER, on the Moor, near Horncastle, in the County of Lincoln. 

i44in. by 7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 

LINCOLN CASTLE, South West Prosper of. I4|in. by 7iin. Samuel Buck. 

1726. Price 5s. 
SCRIVELSBY HALL, The West Prosper of, near Horncastle, in the County of 

Lincoln. I4|in. by 7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price cs. 
TEMPLE BRUER, The North View of, in the middle of the Great Heath on the 
South side of the city of Lincoln. I4}in. by y^in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
CROYLAND ABBEY, The South-west View of, near Spalding, in the County of 
I Lincoln. I4|in. by 74in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 

^ SOMERTON CASTLE, The South Prospea of, near Lincohi Heath. i4|in. by 

7|in. Samuel Buck. 1726. Price 5s. 
» CROYLAND ABBEY. Very old engraving, with Coat of Arms; no date. 

I Daniel King, delin. et. Sculpt, glin. by 7in. Price 2s. 6d. 

I BOSTON CHURCH, with Coat of Arms, Plan, &c., by Gul. Stukdy, M.B. 

This is a very fine and scarce engraving. 18^ in. by i6in. Price 30s. 
CROYLAND ABBEY. Litho. Sketched by R. G. 1856. isin. by ii^in. 
I Price 3s. 

GATE OF ALL SOULS' College, with St. Mary's Church. Drawn by Hugh 

O'Niell, engraved by James Basire. I7iin. by ii^in. Price 3s. 6d. 
GRIMSTHORP, in the County of Lincoln, Birds-eye view of House and Gardens, 
&c., with Coat of Arms. L. KnyflF, de. ; J. Kip, sculpt. I9in. by i4in. 
Price 2s. 6d. 
GRIMSTHORP, Birds-eye view of the Entrance and Surroundings. J. Kip, 

sculpt. Price 2s. 6d. 
BARLINGS ABBEY, Lincolnshire. Drawn and engraved by John Coney. I2in. 
by 8}in. Price as. 6d. 

c// History of Spilsby^ 

With Notes on Eresby and other places connected therewith, 

By the Rev. H. COTTON SMITH, B.A. 

Crown 8vo., 158 ff, Prke 2J. 6d, 
May be hid at W. K. Moktok's, Horncastle, Skaford, and Spiliby. 


Fine Engravings 

Published and sold by W. K. Morton, Bookseller, Printer, &c., 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL. — ^A fine view from the North-weit, superbly engnycd 
by HxLKiAH Burgess in i 8 12. The noble Towers and West Front are delineated 
with great accuracy, and the details, both ornamental and archite^ral, are 
beautifriUy defined. Price 71. 6^. Size of paper. 24in. by 35in. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL, by Vivaxxs.— A splendid view from the Korth-wett, 
showing the ancient Spires on the West Towers. Engraved by Vivaret in 1750. 
Price 71. td. Size of paper, i^in. by 35in. 

CRO YLAND ABBEY.— A large and magnificent view of the West Front, saperbly 
engraved by Hilkiah Burgess, in 18 15. It is inscribed to "The Rev. 
James Blundell and other Patrons of this Plate." This is one of the best and 
largest prints of the Abbey ever published. Price jt, Sd, Size of paper, 24in. by 35in. 

SPALDING CHURCH.—A fine South-west view, engraved by H. Burgess. It ia 
inscribed to ** The Revd. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Minister of the Parish Church 
of Spalding," by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2i. 6^ Size of paper, 
I5in. by ziin. 

SUTTON ST. MARY.— Engraved by W. Burgess, and inscribed to ^ The Rev. 

Thomas Leigh Bennett, A.B., Redor and Patron of the Living of Long Sutton," 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price zi. 6^. Size of paper, 1 5in. by E2in. 
GOSBERTON CHURCH.— (St. Peter and St. Paul.) Engraved by H. Burgess, 

and is inscribed to '* John George Calthrop, of Gosberton, Esq.," by William and 

Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2x. 6^. Size of paper, 1 5in. by 2zin. 
GEDNEY CHURCH.— {North-west view.) Engraved by H. Burgess, and 

inscribed to **The Rev. Philip Douglas, D.D., Vicar of Gedney, and Master of 

Bennett College, Cambridge," by W. and H. Burgess. Price 21. 6^. Size of 

paper, I5in. by 22in. 
MOULTON CHURCH.— {South-west view.) Engraved by W. Burgess, and 

inscribed to ** The Rev. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Patron and Vicar of Moulton," 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. td. Size of paper, I5in. by zzin. 
FLEET CHURCH.— (South-east view.) Engraved by H. Burgess, and inscribed 

to " The Rev. Tames Ashley, Rector and Patron of the Living of Fleet," by 

William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. 6J. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 
TYDD CHURCH.— {South-east view.) Engraved by W. Burgess, and inscribed 

to " The Rev. John Wills, D.D., Redor of Tydd St. Mary's and Warden of 

Wadham College, Oxford," by W. and H. Burgess. Price 2i. 6</. Size of paper, 

I5in. by 22in. 
SWINESHEAD CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior of 

St. Mary's Church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to *^The Rev. 

WiUiam Whewell, D.D., Master of Trinity College, Cambridge." Price 31. 6^ 

tinted. Size of paper 1 7 in. by 
KIRTON CHURCH.— A fine full East view of this old church, which was truly 

a beautiful and noble village structure previous to its reduced proportions. 

Engraved by H. Burgess. Price %s. Sd, Size of paper, I5in. by zzin. 

BROTHERTOFT CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior 
of this church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to ** Thomas Gee, Esq." 
Price 2t. 6</., plain. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

LOUTH CHURCH.— A fine engraving of St. Tames' Church from the South-west 
Etched by B. Howlett, and engraved by R. Williamson. Price 51. Size of 
paper, 2oin. by 26in. 

SPILSBY CHURCH.— An original lithographed view of St James' Church from 
the South west Dedicated to the ** Rev. Thomas Holloway, Vicar." Price 51. 

Vol. IV. No. 28. OCTOBER, 1 894. 

Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



"The Antiquities J Parochial ^cords^ Family History ^ Traditions ^ 
Folk-lore J Quaint Customs ^ &c. of the County. 

Edited by 

The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Ficar of Thornton^ Horncastle, 




^ 2p 2p ^ ^ 2P 2P ^ 2p 2p 2p ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ to»^^ ^ to» tot ^ c3t 



57 ReredcM, Lincoln 

58 An Old Account of Sedgebrook 

59 An Early Lincoln Will, A.D. 1180 

60 Ohost in Bolingbroke Castle . 

61 Lincolnshire Records . . . 

62 Robert Dimock mi^ . . . 

63 inquisitions, p.m., Line. . . 

64 Goche of Alvingham Abbey . 

65 Excerpts from the Grimoldby 

Parish Registers .... 

66 Records of Ancient Horncastle 

67 Marmion of Scrivelsby . . . 

68 A Manchester Postmaster . . 















Extent of the Manor of Greetham, 

A.D. I33I 122 

Ancient Arms and Utensils found 

in Lincolnshire, 1787-88 . . 124 


Mablethorpe, Malberthorpe, Lines. 127 

Rochford Family 128 


Booned Road 128 

Ea-meets 128 

SuppLEMCNT — Lincolnshire Folk-Nam » 
for Plants. 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London : Chas. J. Clamk, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fiklds, W.C. 
Enttnd at Stattomrif Hal!,'] [All Ri^ku Raervtd, 

Lincolnshire H^tes ^ Slueries. 


ScALK OP Chaigxs poi Advirtisimbnts. Each inaertion :— Wnpper, tpedal 
terms ; One Page, I2f. f>d. j Half Page, 71. 6^ ; Third Page, 51. \ QpMxXzr Page, 41. ; 
Minimum charge for any Advertiiemcnt, not to exceed four linet, 2i. 6^.; and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SuBicaiBBRS. LuKolnsAire Nitts and ^tieria is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and OAober), at the annual subscription (prepaid) of 51. ; post free 51. 4^/, 
Price of single quarterly number, It. 6d, 

To CoaaESPONOXNTS. All communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contra^ons except where such occur in the originala, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors ^^ tAe next mamher mt later than 
November i^k^ otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To AovxaTisxas. LmcolmMire Ifetes and Queries will be found a good medium 
for advertisements oi a suitable LiTBaAxv charader, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To AvTNoas, EoiToas, and Pvblishbrs. Books, &c. bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
sobjeAs connected therewith, will, if sent to the Editors for review, receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
dired to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Homcastle). All Eoitobial Commvni- 
CATIONS, &c. should be addressed to Thb Editobs, c/o Thb Rbv. J. Clabb Hvmon, 
Thornton Vicabagb, Hobncastlb. 

Ma. JosBPH Fostbr, Hon. M.A., Oxon., author of Abanm Oxmaaun and other 
similar works, purposes to start a '* British Genealogical Society, the obje^ of 
which shall be : — 

I. — To establish a fellowship (F.B.G.S.) for the furtherance of heraldry and 
genealogy, consisting of 250 Members, with power to add to their number. 

II. — ^The issue of genealogical colle^ions, arranged on Mr. Foster's system, from 
the Societv*s Rooms, Cambridge House, 148, Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. The 
value of these collections is universally recognised. Two or three volumes, each 
complete in itself, will be issued annually, when the roll of Fellows is completed. 

III. — SubjeA to certain conditions and rules, the Fellows to be entitkd on and 
after Sept. ist, 1894, to consult the genealogical serials and books (1,500) in the 
Reference Library of Printed Works (to be) vested in the Council j and to have the 
use of the Council Room for purposes of correspondence and research, so that it 
may become the recognised rendezvous of those, from all parts, who are interested 
in heraldry and genealogy. 

IV. — Fellows to have the same special facilities as the Society in the printing of 
private compilations. 

V. — Colonial and country residents, during their temporary stay in London 
(limited to six months), will, on payment of two guineas, be entitled to use the 
Society's library, rooms, and address for genealogical pursuits. Every help will be 
extended to members of kindred societies. 

Annual Subscription, Two Guineas. Address — Mr. Fostbb, Cambridge House, 

148, Shaftesbury Avenue, London, W.C. 

Thx Rev. £. Adrian Woodruffe-Peacock, who is publishing in our Si^piemait 
'* The Lincolnshire Folk Names for Plants," will be glad of any lists. Corredions, 
&c., should be sent to him direct, viz., to Cadney Vicara^ Brigg. 

Lincolnshire Churches. 



The Churches in the Division of Holland, 


With 69 Illustrations. 

Horacaitle, Sleaford, and Spiliby ; W. K. Moiton. 

Sxcoifo Editioh. 


The Home of the Champions^ 

By the rev. canon LODGE, M.A,, 

titttvr 9f ScrivtUhy, 

Crown 4to. Illuttratcd. Price lot. 6d. 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby : W. K. Morton. 

c// History of Spilsby^ 

With Notes on Eretby and other placet connected therewith. 

By the Rev. H. COTTON SMITH, B.A. 

Cronm Svo., 1 58 /^. Prkt ai. Sd. 
May be had at W. K. MoaroN's, Homcutle, Sleaford, and Spilsby. 



Fine Engravings 

Published and sold by W. K. Morton, Bookseller, Printer, &c., 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spikby. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL. — A fine view from the North-west, superbly engraved 
by HiLKiAH Burgess in 1812. The noble Towers and West Front are delineated 
with great accuracy, and the details, both ornamental and archite^ral, are 
beautifully defined. Price yi* 6J. Size of paper. 24in. by 35in. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL, by Vivarxs.— A splendid view from the North-west, 
showing the ancient Spires on the West Towers. Engraved by Vivarcs in 1 7 50. 
Price js, 6d, Size of paper, 24in. by 35in. 

CROYLAND ABBEY. — A hirge and magnificent view of the West Front, superbly 
engraved by Hilkiah Bvaciss, in 18 15. It is inscribed to "The Rev. 
James Blundell and other Patrons of this Plate." This is one of the best and 
largest prints of the Abbey ever published. Price 71. Sd, Size of paper, by 3 5in. 

SPALDING CHURCH.— A fine South-west view, engraved by H. Burgkss. It is 
inscribed to ** The Revd. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Minister of the Parish Church 
of Spalding," by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price is, 6d, Size of paper, 
I5in. by 22in. 

SUTTON ST. MARY.— Engraved by W. Burgess, and inscribed to "The Rev. 

Thomas Leigh Bennett, A.B., Re£kor and Patron of the Living of Long Sutton,'* 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price is, hd. Size of paper, 1 5in. by zzia, 
GOSBERTON CHURCH.— (St. Peter and St. Paul.) Engraved by H. Burgiss, 

and is inscribed to ** John George Calthrop, of Gosberton, Esq.," by William and 

Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2x. 6^. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 
GEDNEY CHURCH.— (North-west view.) Engraved by H. Burgxss, and 

inscribed to ** The Rev. Philip Douglas, D.D., Vicar of Gedney, and Master of 

Bennett College, Cambridge," by W. and H. Burgess. Price if. td. Size of 

paper, I5in. by 22in. 
MOULTON CHURCH.— {South-west view.) Engraved by W. Burgcss, and 

inscribed to ** The Rev. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Patron and Vicar of Moulton," 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2f. bd. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 
FLEET CHURCH.— (South-cast view.) Engraved by H. Burgess, and inscribed 

to " The Rev. Tames Ashley, Rector and Patron of the Living of Fleet," by 

William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. Sd, Size of paper, I5in. by A2in. 
TYDD CHURCH.— (South-east view.) Engraved by W. Burgess, and inscribed 

to "The Rev. John WiUs, D.D., Redor of Tydd St. Mary's and Warden of 

Wadham College, Oxford," by W. and H. Burgess. Price ii. 6d, Size of paper, 

I5in. by 22in. 
SWINESHEAD CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior of 

St. Mary's Church, uken after the restoration. Dedicated to '*The Rev. 

William Whewell, D.D., Master of Trinity College, Cambridge." Price 31. 6</., 

tinted. Size of paper I7in. by 24in. 
KIRTON CHURCH.— A fine full East view of this old church, which was truly 

a beautiful and noble village strudhire previous to its reduced proportions. 

Engraved by H. BurgesS. Price ». td. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

BROTHERTOFT CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior 
of this church, taken afiter the restoration. Dedicated to ** Thomas Gee, Esq." 
Price 2s. 6J^, plain. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

LOUTH CHURCH.— A fine engraving of St James' Church from the South-west. 
Etched by B. Howlett, and engraved by R. Williamson. Price 51. Size of 
paper, 2oin. by 26in. 

SPILSBY CHURCH.— An original lithographed view of St. James' Church from 
the South-west. Dedicated to the **Rev. Thomas Hollo way. Vicar." Price 5s, 

Vol. IV. No. 29. JANUARY, 1 895. 

Price is. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities^ Parochial ^B^cords^ Family History^ T! r adit ions ^ 
Fofk^-Iore^ Q^int Customs, &c. of the County. 

Edited by 

The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton^ HomcastU. 





75 Notei on Reretby (Wmt.) . . . Z29 

76 Sir Edward Hoiiey't Baronetcy . 137 

77 *«Mockmg the Church". ... 145 

78 Severe Frost, 1697 145 

79 Animal Apparitions in Lincolnahtre 146 

80 Field Names in Spanby . . . . Z49 

81 Bishop Williams and the Dutch 

Congregations in Lincolnshire . 150 

8a Frieston V. Fishtoft, 1477 • • . 151 

HP BR r. 

83 Ancient Welby Monument • . • I5S 



84 Excerpts from the Orimoldby 

Parish Registers 153 

85 Rochford Famil]^ 154 

86 Marmion of Scnyelsby .... 154 

87 An Old Account of Sedgebrook . 155 

88 Homcastle Manor and See of 

Carlisle 156 

89 Mablethorpe, Malberthorpe, Lines. 156 

90 Ooche of Alvingham • • • • 157 

91 Reredos at Lincoln 160 


Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London : Chas. J. Clauc, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fiklm, W.C. 
Bmmd at Suttimnri 001.1 {MRigkt 

Lincolnshire t^(otes ^ Slueries, 


Scale or CHAftois roK ADvxftTi»ifiMTS. Each ioiertion: — ^Wrapper, ipecial 
terms \ One Page, izi. Sd, ; Half Page, ju 6d, ; Third Page, 5*. j QoMittr Page, 4^. ; 
Minimum chaige for any Advertitementi not to exceed four liniei, ». 6^j and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SuBSCaiBxas. LmnbiMrt Nottt md ^Meia !• puUished quarterly (January, 
April, July, and OdoberX at the annual tubecription (prepaid) of 51, ; pott free 5«. 41/. 
Price of tingle quarterly number, it, $d. 

To CoaaispoNDKNTt. All communicationt thould be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Con;pspondents are requested to write as plainly as pottible, on one tide of the 
paper only, and not to ute contra^ont except where tuch occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communicationt to the Editort^ tit ntxt tmmUr mi Uatr timt 
Mty 14/i, otherwite intertion cannot be promited m our next ittue. 

To AoTxaTitxat. UmobiMre Nota md Shitna will be found a good medium 
for advertitementt of a tuitable LiTxaxaY chara^er, which can be well ditf^yed, 
and interted at a reatonable rate. ParticuUra to be had of the Publither. 

To AvTHORt, EoiToas, and PvBLitHZRt. Bookt, &C. bearing on Lincolnthire, or 
tttbje£b conne^ed therewith, will, if tent to the Editors for review, receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including tubtcriptiont) thould be tent 
dire^ to the Publither (W. K. Morton, Homcattle). All Editoklal Commvni- 
CATIONS, &c. thould be addretted to The EoiToat, c/o T« Rxv, J. Clark Hudson, 
Thornton Vicaragx, HoRNCAtTLX. 

Wz have much pleature in calling attention to the forthcoming publication of the 
Horbling Parltk RtgUttrs, 1653 to 1837, edited by Henry Peet, Etq., of Liverpool. 
The introdudion extendt to 10 paget. There it a complete litt of Vican from 
12X2 to the pretent time ; a litt of the Tranicriptt preterved in Btthop Alnwick's 
Tower, Lincoln ; a litt of the Monumental Tablett m the parith churai i extn^ 
from variout Deedt relating to the urith j and a complete Index, Only one 
hundred copiet are printed. The Puolithers are : in Liverpool— T. Braker, 58, 
Dale St. ; and in London — Mewrs. Mitchell Sc Hughes, Wardour St We hope to 
have a notice of this important work in our July issue. 

Mr. a. Gibbons, F.S.A., formerly of Lincoln, but now of Heworth Green, 
York, is still busy with his excellent work among ancient Records, and is about to 
publish Tie l^ or them Genfolopst, a S^uarterly mhceUany of jSntifuarigH hfirwuakm 
kitherto unfuhHsMed, at a subscription of 10/6 per annum, post free. Among the 
Lincolnshire Records are : (i) Grimsby Burgess RoU, 29 Hen. 6—44 Elix. 
(2] Lincoln Marriage Bonds. (3) Indexes of the Wills in the Peculiar Courts at 
Lincoln. (4) Lost Parith Regittert, tupplied from the Bithop't Trantcriptt: 
Kingerby, Co. Lincoln. 

Lincolnshire Churches, 



The Churches in the Division of. Holland^ 


fVitb 69 Illustrations. 

Horncaitk, Sleaford, and Spilsbyt W. K. Morton. 

SscoND EmnoM. 


• The Home of the Champions^ 

By thb rev. canon LODGE, M.A, 

JUe»0r if SerivMy, 

Crown 4to. lUattnted, Price tos. 6d« 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby : W. K. Morton. 

Demy Syo., large t3rpe, tastefully printed and bound, with Illuitrationa in photo. 

Pair Frer, 3<. hd. 

Parish Memorials 




Nbwabk : S. Whilii, Printer and Publisher, Stodman Street 


Fine Engravings 

Published and sold by W. K. Morton, Bookseller, Printer, &c., 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL.— A fine view from the North-wett, superbly engraved 
by HiLKiAH BuiGEst ini8i2. The noble Towen and West Front are delineated 
with great accuracy, and the details, both ornamental and architedund, are 
beautifully defined. Price 71. 6^. Size of paper. 24in. by 35in. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL, by Vivaeis.— A splendid view from the North-west, 
showing the ancient Spires on the West Towers. Engraved by Vivares in 1 7 50. 
Price 71. (uL Size of paper, 24in. by 35in. 

CROYLAND ABBEY.— A large and magnificent view of the West Front, superbly 
engraved by Hilkiah Burgxss, in 181 5. It is mscribed to ** The Rev. 
James Blundell and other Patrons of this Plate." This is one of the best and 
largest prints of the Abbey ever published. Price jt, 6d, Size of paper, 24in. by 35in. 

SPALDING CHURCH.— A fine South-west view, engraved by H. Burgkss. It is 
inscribed to " The Revd. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Minister of the Parbh Church 
of Spalding," by William and HiUciah Burgess. Price zs, 6d, Size of paper, 
I5in. by 2zin. 

SUTTON ST. MARY.— Engraved by W. Burgess, and inscribed to " The Rev. 

Thomas Leigh Bennett, A.B., Redor and Patron of the Living of Long Sutton," 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. btl. Size of paper, 1 5in. by 22in. 
GOSBERTON CHURCH.— (St. Peter and St. Paul.) Engraved by H. Burgess, 

and is inscribed to "John George Calthrop, of Gosberton, Esq.," by William and 

Hilkiah Burgess. Price is. 6J. Size of paper, I5in. by 22io. 
GEDNEY CHURCH.— (North-west view.) Engraved by H. Burgess, and 

inscribed to '* The Rev. Philip Douglas, D.D., Vicar of Gedney, and Master of 

Bennett College, Cambridge," by W. and H. Burgess. Price 21. 6^. Size of 

paper, I5in. by 22in. 
MOULTON CHURCH.— (South-west view.) Engraved by W. Burgess, and 

inscribed to " The Rev. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Patron and Vicar of Moulton," 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. 6d. Size of paper, I5in. b]f 22in. 
FLEET CHURCH.— (South-east view.) Engraved by H. Burgess, and inscribed 

to " The Rev. Tames Ashley, Rector and Patron of the Living of Fleet," by 

William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price zs, 6d. Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 
TYDD CHURCH.— (South-east view.) Engraved by W. Burgess, and inscribed 

to "The Rev. John Wills, D.D., Re^or of Tydd St Mary's and Warden of 

Wadham College, Oxford," by W. and H. Burgess. Price 21. 6tl. Size of ptper, 

I5in. by 22in. 
SWINESHEAD CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior of 

St. Mary's Church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to *'The Rev. 

William WheweU, D.D., Master of Trinity CoUege, Cambridge." Price 31. 6^ 

tinted. Size of paper 1 7 in. by 24in. 
KIRTON CHURCH.— A fine full East view of this old church, which was truly 

a beautiful and noble village strudture previous to its reduced proportions. 

Engraved by H. Burgess. Price is. 6d, Size of paper, I5in. by 22in. 

BROTHERTOFT CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior 
of this church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to ** Thomas Gee, Esq." 
Price 2f. 6^., plain. Size of paper, i5in. by 22in. 

LOUTH CHURCH. — A fine engraving of St. James' Church from the South-west. 
Etched by B. Howlett, and engraved by R. Williamson. Price 51. Size of 
paper, 2oin. by 26in. 

SPILSBY CHURCH.— An original lithographed view of St. James' Church from 
the South-west. Dedicated to the ** Rev. Thomas Holloway, Vicar." Price 51. 

Vol. IV. No. 31. JULY, 1 895. Price 11. 6d. 


Notes & Queries 



T^he Antiquities^ Parochial ^cords^ Family History^ Traditions^ 
Fo/^rbre, Qitaint Customs, &c. of the County. 

Edited by 

The rev. J. CLARE HUDSON, M.A., 

Vicar of Thornton^ HorncastU\ 




tot S^ ^ S^ <9» ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Co^ ^ ^ '^ ^ ^ ^ 




109 A Relic of the Old French War 

(f/Aitf.) • • Z93 

no Lincoliuhire and Lincoln M.P.'i . 195 

III Baiton-on^Humber temf, XV. 

Century 197 

lift Lilt of Penont in Lincolmhire 
who Paid the Tax on Male 
Serranti in 1780 . . • • zoo 

11 3 The Rerd. John Carter . . • 207 

114 Mural Tablet in Scambletby 

Church 208 

Z15 King Richard IL and his 'Sup- 
porter!' Z09 

I z6 Dymokei of Fritkncy and FuUet- 

by: Inquititioot .... 210 

117 Lincolnthire Record! • ... 213 

118 Records of Ancient Homcaitle . 217 

229 St. Michael's, Boston .... 221 


OiiTVAaT-^The late Preoentor Venables. 

Printed by W. K. Morton, 27, High Street. 

London 1 Cicil Simpson, AancNNxs, Nxghtingalk Lani, S.W. 
Enurtd «r Stedomri HtU,] \jiU RigJkts ReMtrued. 

Lincolnshire ^^tes ^ ^eries. 


ScALi or Chaigis por Aptkrtiiemints. Each intertioo: — Wrapper, special 
terms ; One Page, I2x. 6^. ; Half Page, ji, Sd. ; Third Page, $s. ; Quarter Page, 41. ; 
Minimum charge for any Advertisement, not to exceed four lines, 2x. 64.^ and for 
every additional line, 6d. 

To SiTBScaiBxas. LaminMrt Noia and ^tieria is published quarterly (January, 
April, July, and Odober]^ at the annual subscription (prepaid) of $s, ; post free 51. 41/. 
Price of single quarterly number, Is, 6d, 

To CoiRxspoNDKNTi. All Communications should be accompanied by the name 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good 
faith. Correspondents are requested to write as plainly as possible, on one side of the 
paper only, and not to use contra^ions except where such occur in the originals, and 
to forward their communications to the Editors ^^ tAe next number not later tAan 
August 14M, otherwise insertion cannot be promised in our next issue. 

To ADvzRTXSEas. Limolns^e I^ota and ^rnria will be found a good medium 
for advertisements of a suitable LiTsaAar charaAer, which can be well displayed, 
and inserted at a reasonable rate. Particulars to be had of the Publisher. 

To Authors, EoiToas, and Publishers. Books, &c« bearing on Lincolnshire, or 
sobje£b conned^ed therewith, will, if sent to the Editors for review, receive careful 

BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS only (including subscriptions) should be sent 
diredt to the Publisher (W. K. Morton, Horncastle). All Editorial Communi- 
cations, &c. should be addressed to The Editors, c/o The Rev. J. Clare Hudson, 
Thornton Vicarage, Horncastle. 

A proposal has has been made to incorporate in this Magazine a se^ion which 
shall be devoted solely to the Natural History of the county, and thus afford the 
Lincolnshire Naturalists' Union (of which Mr. John Cordeaux of Great Cotes is 
President) an opportunity of developing its useful work. 

If the proposal is carried out, it would take efied in the following manner : — 

(1) The Antiquarian portion of Lines. N. & ^ would be confined to 16 pages under 
the present editorship, and (2) the Natural History portion to 16 pp. under the 
editorship (probably) of the Rev. E. A, Wood ruffe-Peacock, Vicar of Cadney. 
Each sedion of 16 pp. would be distinfl and the eight quarterly parts containing the 
two sections of 1 6 pp. each would make two separate volumes with special Title 
Pages and Indexes. The two sections in each quarterly issue would be published 
within one cover and the present annual subscription (5/-, payable in January] 

Mr. a. Gibbons, F.S.A., formerly of Lincoln, but now of Heworth Green, 
York, is still busy with his excellent work among ancient Records, and is about to 
publish TAf Northern Gentalogist, a S^uarterly naseellany of jSntiquarian is^ormation 
iitAerto unpublished^ at a subscription of 10/6 per annum, post free. Among the 
Lincolnshire Records arc : (i) Grimsby Burgess Roll, 29 Hen. 6 — ^44 Eliz. 

(2) Lincoln Marriage Bonds. (3) Indexes of the Wills in the Peculiar Courts at 
Lincoln. (4) Lost Parish Registers, supplied from the Bishop's Transcripts ; 
KLingerby, Co. Lincoln. 

Lincolnshire Churches, 

The Churches in the Division of Holland, 


IVith 69 Illustrations. 

Homcattle, Sleaford, and Spilaby : W. K. MotTON. 
SxcoND Edition. 

The Home of the Champions^ 

By the rev. canon LODGE, M.A., 

Rtcttr 9/ Scriveiihy, 

Crown 4to. Illustrated. Price lot. 6d. 

Horncastle, Sleaford, and Spilsby : W. K. Morton. 

■ « 

NOW READY. 50 Copiei only. Demy 4to., pp. viii., 107. Priu 6«. 

The First Register Book 

or THZ 



From 0£i. 2()th^ i5S9j *^ March 22ndy 1639 } 

With a SUPPLEMENT of a List of the Redors and Vicars of St Mary's 

Church, Horncastle, from A.D, 1 246-1882. 


N.B. — ^The Setofu/ Register Book (1640-168 3) is now in course of publication in 
the Horncastle ParisA Magavhu^ and will be issued in the same style and price. It 
is intended to publish the whole Register in five parts. 

HoaNCASTLi, SLZAroan, and Spilsby : W. K. Morton. 


Fine Engravings 

Published and sold b7 W. K. Morton, Bookteiler, Printer, &c^ 

Horncastle, Sleafbrd, and Spilsbjr. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL.— A fine view from the North-weit, niperbly engraved 
by H I LXiAa Buegbm in 1 8 iz. The noble Towen and West Front ere delineated 
with great accuracy, and the detaila, both ornamental and architeAonl, are 
beantifuUy defined. Price 7«. €d, Sise of paper. 24in. by 35in. 

LINCOLN CATHEDRAL, by VnrAUi.— A qAendid view from the North^vett, 
•howing the ancient Spires on the West Towers. Engraved by Vivaxcs in 1750. 
Price 71. 6d. Sise of paper, 24in. by 35in. 

CRO YLAND ABBEY.— A krge and magnificent view of the West Front, Sttperfaly 
engraved by Hilkiam BvacKSs, in 18 15. It is inscribed to "The Rev. 
James Blundell and other Patrons of this Plate." This is one of the best and 
largest prints ofthe Abbey ever pablished. Price 7f.6d^ Sise of paper, 94in. by 35in. 

SPALDING CHURCH.— A fine South-west view, engraved by H. BvaGEsa. It is 
uucribed to "The Revd. Maorioe Johnson, D.D., Minister ofthe Pariah Chvrdh 
of Spalding," by William and HiUtiah Borgess. Price as. hd. Sise of paper, 
i5in. by zain. 

SUTTON ST. MARY.— Engraved by W. Bvmciss, and uscribed to " The Rev. 

Thomas Leigh Bennett, A.B., Re^or and Patron of the Living of Long Sutton,'* 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 2«. hd, Siae of paper, i5in. by aain. 
60SBERT0N CHURCH.— (St. Peter and St. Paul.) Engraved hj H. Bvegbss^ 

and is inscribed to ^* John George Calthrop, of Gosberton, Esq.," by William and 

Hilkiab Burgess. Price 21. 6^. Sise of paper, I5in. by aain. 
GEDNEY CHURCH.— (North-west view.) Engraved by H. Buaass, and 

inscribed to **The Rev. Philip Douglas, D.D., Vicar of Gedney, and Master of 

Bennett College, Cambridge," by W. and H. Burgess. Price %t, 6d, Siae of 

paper, 1510. by lain. 
MOULTON CHURCH.--^South-west view.} Engraved by W. Bvaosss, and 

inscribed to " The Rev. Maurice Johnson, D.D., Patron and Vicar of Moulton," 

by William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price 21. 6d, Size of paper, I5in. by aiin. 
FLEET CHURCH.— (South-east view.) Engraved by H. Bvacass, and inscribed 

to *' The Rev. James Ashley, Re^or and Patron of the Living of Fleet,*' by 

William and Hilkiah Burgess. Price it. 6^. Sise of paper, I5in. by 22in. 
TVDD CHURCH.— (South<^8t view.) Engraved by W. Bvkgiss, and inscribed 

to *'The Rev. John Wills, D.D., Re^or of Tydd St. Mary's and Warden of 

Wadham College, Oxford," by W. and H. Burgess. Price at. 6d, Sise of paper, 

I5in. by 2ain. 
SWINESHEAD CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior of 

St. Mary's Church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to *'Thc Rev. 

William Whewell, D.D., Master of Trinity CoUege, Cambridge." Price 31. 6^n 

tinted. Sise of paper 1710. by a4in. 
KIRTON CHURCH.— A fine full East view of this old church, which was truly 

a beautiful and noble village stru^ure previous to its reduced proportions. 

Engraved by H. Busgess. Price ai. 6d, Sise of paper, I5in. by aatn. 

BROTHERTOFT CHURCH, near Boston.— A lithographed view of the Interior 
of thu church, taken after the restoration. Dedicated to ** Thomas Gee, Esq." 
Price ax. 6^., plain. Size of paper, 1 510. by aain. 

LOUTH CHURCH. — ^A fine engraving of St. James's Church from the South-west. 
Etched by B. Howlbtt, and engraved by R. Williamson. Price $s. Sise of 
paper, aoin. by a6in. 

SPILSBY CHURCH.— An original lithographed view of St. James's Church from 
the South-west. Dedicated to the ** Rev. Thomas Holloway, Vicar."* Price 51.